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21 £luarterlp 3loutnal 






Great Grimtby, 


The rev. J. CLARE HUDSON, M.A., 

Vicar of Thornton, Horocaatle. 


JaNVARY I, 1890, TO OCTOBXR I, 1 89 1. 


1 891. 


With the completion of a second volume the Editors of 
Liruolnihire !}*(^tes W ^eries again tender their thanks to the 
contributors and subscribers of this now well-established 
quarterly serial. It is evident that the continued support 
which the Editors have received is a sign that Lincolnshire 
3*(jus £^ ^eriti fills a useful place in the antiquarian annals 
of the county. But there still remains a want which is much 
felt by the Editors. This is the general lack of Replies to the 
somewhat numerous Queries. Is it too much to ask of our 
readers that whenever they notice a Query, the Reply to 
which they could without much diificulty give, that they 
would without loss of time write it down and forward it to the 
Editors ? We therefore venture to hope that our readers will 
look through the two volumes of Lincolnshire C^fjtes W ^eries^ 
and if they can assist the Editors by favouring them with a 
Reply to any unanswered Query they would be doing a kind 

Of the contributors to this volume of Lincolnshire D^lti W 
^eriei none deserve more hearty thanks than our liighly 
rcspeded Lincolnshire worthy Mr, Edward Peacock, of 
Bottesford, who is ever ready not only to supply the Editors 
with real valuable antiquarian information, but also with much- 
needed Replies to Queries. To the Rev. Precentor Venables, 
Mr. Everard Green, F.S.A., Dr. E. Mansel Sympson, Mr. W. 
E, Foster, F.S.A., Canon Pennington, Major Wclby, the Rev. 
W. H. Jones, the Rev. J. A. Penny, Mr. C. J. Caswell, and 
others who have so kindly taken the trouble to send us 
information worth recording, they are especially grateful. 

The Editors have always endeavoured to present to their 
subscribers a suitable illustration with each number, many of 
which have never been published before. This is a fixture, 


iv, Preface. 

which although it has been of an unremunerative kind, yet 
places our serial in the fore front of the various County !f{^tes 
iff ^eries. 

For a few of these illustrations the Editors have to thank 
Major Welby and Dr. E. Mansel Sympson. They trust that 
this good example may be taken up by other contributors. 
Indeed, our spirited local publisher Mr. W. K. Morton deserves 
not only the thanks of the subscribers for his careful press-work, 
but also encouragement by offers (through the Editors) of 
gifts of suitable illustrations, so that the work may be carried 
on in the same hieh-class style. 

For the carefully-compiled Index and Analytical List of 
Contents, &c., the Editors are indebted to Mrs. Hudson. The 
labour connedled with such a task was by no means a light one. 

The Editors cannot sufficiently thank the Rev. G. E. Jeans 
for his useful List of existing Lincolnshire Brasses, still in 
course of publication as a supplement to Lines. N. iff ^. The 
time and trouble devoted to this List, only those who have had 
to work with Mr. Jeans can know. When the List is 
completed it is hoped that there will be sufficient support found 
not only among our subscribers, but among antiquarians 
generally, to enable our publisher to re-publish them in a book 
form, with additions and corre£Hons, and possibly illustrations. 
If the necessary interest in such a work can be raised, then the 
Editors think that they will have been, in an indirect way, the 
means of the publication of one of the most important 
Antiquarian Works on the County. 

There is still much Antiquarian Lore relating to the County 
which is yet unpublished, it only remains therefore for our 
contributors and subscribers to continue their ever acceptable 
support, and so enable Lincolnshire Notes iff ^eries to continue 
the Antiquarian Magazine of the County, an effort the 
Editors have endeavoured and will ever endeavour to fulfil to 
the best of their ability. 




Past I. i, The Butay Pralter (//Auf.) — 2, Archbishop Laud and Bithop Williamt 
of Lincoln — 3, The Gentry of Lincolnshire of 1 634 — 4, Wainfleet ) Charter of 
Incorporation, I457 — 5, Falsification of History at Grantham — 6, Inquisitions P.M. 
Lincolnshire, 1490 — 7, Ancient British Interment — 8, The Ousterby Brass, Caistor 
Christmastide Folk-Lore — lo, Societies of the Tityries and Bugle, 1 623. 

Past II. ii, Capt. John Smith of Virginia (i/Aar.) — a 2, Gerrase Holies and 
Sir Lewis Dives' Regiment, 164a — 23, Incised Slab at Crowland — 24, The Gentry 
of Lincolnshire of 1634 — 25, Lincolnshire Folk-Lore — 26, Bussy and Le Poer — ^27, 
The Ashby-de-la-Launde Brass — 28, Husbandman and Yeoman — 29, Monumental 
Inscriptions from other Counties relating to Lincolnshire — 30, Sheep Shearing 
Numbers — 31, Leake and Lererton Advowson — 32, Roodscreens in Lincolnshire— 
33, A Louth Duel, Legard v. Bolls. 

Paut III. 46, Grant of Grimsby to William de Huntmgfield, a.d. 1216 {Ulmt,) 
— 47, North Lines. Provincial Words— 48, Monumental Inscriptions from other 
Counties relating to Lincolnshire — ^49, Bonner and Stanger Epitaphs, Baston — 50, 
The Gentry of Lincolnshire of 1634 — 51, Charters at Gunby Hall — 52, St. 
Leonard's Nunnery, Grimsby — 53, Inquisitions, P.M. Line. — 54, A Louth Duel — 
55, The Supposed Chapel at Grantham — 56, Lincoln Minster : Saint Hugh. 

Pait IV. 77y Barlings Abbey (///ki/.>— 78, Family Register of Bishop Nicholas 
Bullingham — 79, The Ancient Population of Lincolnshire— 80, The Gentry ot 
Lincolnshire of 1 634 — 81, Fines of Lincoln Citizens for an Assault on the Jews, 
A.n. 1 190 — 82, Inquisitions, P.M. Lmc. — 83, Gosberton Records— 84, Inscription 
on Oak Panel. 

Pait V. 103, Ancient Chair in Lincoln Cathedral {tlltui,) — X04, Lincolnshire 
and the Spanish Armada — 105, Marshland Folk-Lore — 106, A Lincolnshire 
Centenarian — X07, A List of Lincolnshire Gentry in 1666—108, Lincolnshire Folk- 
lore — 109, Lincolnshire Militia, 1697— Xio, Inquuitions, P.M. Line, Z495— ixx, 
Mid*Lincolnshire Folk-Lort. 


vi, Analytical List of Contents^ 

Pait VI. 131, Wclleby of WcUcby (///wr.) — 132, Some Account of the 
Pedigree Book of the Lincolnshire Gentry — 133, The Monasteries, Friaries, and 
HospiUls of Lincohx (t/Au/.)— 134, The Will of Hugh of Wells, Bishop of Lincoln, 
A.i>. 1212 — 135, St. Etheidreda at West Halton, c. a.d. 671 — 136, North Porch of 
Holbeach Church — 137, Altar to St. Hugh of Lincobi — 1 38, Local Words used on 
the Holderaess Coast — 139, Inquisitions, P.M. Lmc — 140, Dedication of a Church 
at Louth — 141, Tom Otter's Gibbet — 142, Folk-Lore, 

PART VIL 152, Welleby of Welleby (i/to.)— 153, Robert Aske, or the 
Insurre^ion in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire in 15 36-1 5 37 — 1 54, Notes on the House 
of Mowbrajr — 15 5) The Civil War in Lincolnshire — 156, Officers' Pay, temp, 
Charles L— 157, Inquisitions, P.M. Line. — 158, The Life, Worth, and Work of 
Maurice Johnson, the Antiquary — 159, Catalogue of Lincolnshire Wells — 160, 
Human Remains at Owston — 16 1, The Monasteries, Friaries, and Hospitals of 
Lincoln (coirtfiwr^/)— 162, Thomas Lister, M.P. for Lincoln, in the Long Parliament 
—163, Marsh Folk-Lore — 164, Early Lincolnshire Imprints. 

Paet Vin. Z74, Lincolnshu-e Town and Traders' 'ToVen\{Ubut,) — 175, Lincoln 
Poor Freemen — 176, Barley Bread and Wheat Cake — 177, Mid-Lincolnshlre Folk- 
Lore — 178, The Monasteries, Friaries, and Hospitals of Lincoln {contimud) — 179, 
Monumental Inscriptions from other Counties relating to Lincolnshire — 180, 
Lincolnshire Parish Registers: Col. Chester's Transcript — z8l, The Drs. George 
Oliver — 1 82, Glossary of North Lincolnshire Words. 


Part I. II, Surgeons and the Episcopal Visitation of Bishop Williams, 164I — 
12, Wroot Church : Smyth and Whitelamb Brass — 13, Huguenot Refugees — 14, 
Boucher Family — 1 5, The Lincoln Mint — 16, Henry Sapcote — ^7, Monumental 
Inscriptions in 1662, co. Lincoln — 18, Richard Wynne of Folkingham. 

Part II. 34, "Poor Jeanie''and Kirton Tail— 35, Place Names — 36, Family 
and Arms of West — 37, Lincolnshire M.P.'s — 38, Familv of Fletcher — 39, 
Patronage of the Benefioe of Langton-by-Homcastle — ^40, The Carr Dyke — 41, 
Till-bridge Lane— 42, Stockworth Mill 

Part IIL 57, A Strange Custom :. "Falling Out"— 58, The Bury Family— 
59, " Beliston " — 60, Armorial Carving at Coleby — 61, Barton-on-Humber, S. 
Mary's Church— 62, Beecham Family— 63, Barton-on-Humber, Tennyson Family 
— 64, Obsolete Words — 65, Lords of Manors and their Arms — 6b, Barton-on- 
Humber : Dymoke Family— 67, Wispington : Phillips Glover, Esq. 

Part IV. 85, Ballad of Winceby Fight— 86, Lincohishire M.P.'s— 87, Cart- 
wright Family— -88, Booth of Killingholme — 89, Family of Winlaw or Winlow — 
90, The Family of Eland— 91, Marriage of Martin Llwellyn — 92, Coney Family— 
93, Kilsby Manor, Northants — 94, Robert Tonnard. 

Part V. 112, Children's Games — 113, Barton-on-Humber : Jowell Hall — 114, 
Hather Family — 115, Wimbush — 1 1 6, Folk-Lore — 117, Lincoln and the Revolution 
of 1688 — X18, Family of Sotherton — 119, Gainsborough — 120, Roman Bank — 12X, 
DoiUes — 122, Joseph Pontifex— 123, Erasmus Stourton of Walesby — 124, Eau. 


nAnafyttcal Ust of Q^tents . vii. 

Pakt VI. 143, Lincolndiire Ballad — 144, Coagtr— 145, Foadyke Brid|e — 146, 
Tht Family of Mcrea 147, Family of Smyth. 

Pabt vii. Z65, The Meres Family^i66y Ancient Tomba found at Wigtoft— 
l«7. The Family of Stiff— 168, ** At False as Louth Clock **— 169, The Wreck of 
the " Betsey " on the Lincolmhtre Coast in 1767. 

Paet VIII. 183, Grantham Whetstones— 184, A Lost Lamh. 


Pabt I. 19, The River Witham— 20, Stone Coffins for other Purposes. 

Pabt II. 43, Lererett Family — 44, Lincoln Mint — 45, Obsolete Words in 
Coney Estate Book. 

Past III. 68, •* Cotter "—69, Plough Jags— 70, Winkley Family— 7 1, 
Lincolnshire M.P.'s — 72, Name of Whiticd — 73, Boucher Family — 74, Lincolnshire 
Folk-Lore — ^75, Roodscreens in Lincolnshire — 76, Obsolete Words in Coney Estate 

Pakt IV. 95, Saint Trunion— 96, New Holland — 97, ** Panchins *'— 98, Stone 
Coffins for other Purposes— 99, Place Names — loo, B«echam Family, Irby^^n- 
Hamber — loi, Coney-fogle — loa, Roodscreens in Lincolnshire. 

Pabt V. 125, Stow Green Fair — 126, Fire at Metheringham — 127, Phillips 
Glover, Esq., of Wispington — 128, Booth ofKillingholme — 1 29, Lincolnshire M.P.'s 
—130, The Family of Eland. 

Pabx VI. 148, "Falling Out "~ 149, Lmcolnshire M.P.'s— 1 50, The Family 
of Eland — 1 5 Z , Eau. 

Pabt VII. 1 70, Arms on Base of Cross in Tetford Churchyard — 171, Lincoln- 
shire BaUad— 172, Fossdyke Bridge— 173, Eau. 

Pabt VIII. 185, Till-Bridge Lane— 186, The Family of Eland— 187, Tom 
Otter — 188, Fossdyke Bridge — 189, Human Remains st Owston— 190, The 
V/rcck of the ** Betsey" on the Lincolnshire Coast in 1767. 


Thz Parish Church of S. Mary, Whaplode, by W. E. Foster, F.S.A., p. 28— The 
Register Book of the Parish Church of Saint James, Great Grimsby, 1534 to 18 la, 
edited by George Skelton Stephenson, M.D., p. 29 — A Glossary of Words used in 
the Wapentakes of Manle^ and Corringham, Lincolnshire, by Edward Peacock, 
F.S.A., p, 31 — The Writings of Richard Bernard of Epworth, Worksop, and 
Batcombe, by John Ingle Dredge, Vicar of Buckland Brewer, p. 62 — The Lost 
Towns of the number, by J. R. Boyle, F.S.A., p. 63 — ^Notes on the Visitation of 
Lincolnshire, 1634, by A. uibbons, p. 63 — Half-an-Hour in Grantham Church, by 


viii. Analytical List of Contents. 

the ReT. Dancin WoodrofFe, M.A., p. 93 — Historical Notices of the Parish of 
Holbeach, in the County of Lincoln, with Memoriils of its Clergy from a.d. 1225 
to the Present Time, by the Rev. G. W. Macdonald, Vicar of S. Mark's, Holbeach, 
p. 93 — Handbook for Lincolnshire, with Map and Plana, John Murray, p. 122 — 
The Parish Register of Irby-upon-Humber, co. Lincom, p. 125 — ^Taales fra 
Linkisheere (North Lincolnshire Dialed), by Mabel Peacock, p. 1 26-— Notes on the 
Visitation of Lincolnshire of 1634, by A. Gibbons, p. 1 27 — Notices of Lincolnshire, 
being an Historical and Topographical Account of some Villages in the Division of 
Lindsey, by John George Hall, p. 128 — Notes on Holbeach Church, by Henry 
Peet, Esq., p. 1 54 — ^Literae Laureatae, or a Selection from the Poetical Writings in 
Lincolnshire Language by John Brown, edited by the Rev. J. Conway Walter, 
p. 156 — Associated Architeoural Societies' Reports and Papers, 1 889, p. 158 — ^An. 
Inventory of the Church Plate of Leicestershire, with some Account of the Donors, 
by the Rev. Andrew Trollope, p. 189 — ^The Story of the Domus Dei of Stamford, 
by H. P. Wright, M.A., p. 190— Trade Tokens issued in the Seventeenth Century 
in England, Wales, and Ireland, by Corporations, Merchants, Tradesmen, dec., by 
W. Boyne, edited and revised by George C. Williamson, F. R. Hist. Soc., p. 222. 

i^^ ^fcl iJX iJX i^l ^^1 i^l i^l ijX ^fcl f^^ i^^ ij^ ijX ^ftl ij^ ^tl i^^ ij^ ^ftl f^^ f^^ i^^ ^fa jj^ jj^ jj^ jj^ jj^ f^^ii^^^to tf& 


Facsimile of a page of the Calendar of the Bussy Family Psalter, to hc/t p. I. 

Captain John Smith, of Virginia, to £ice p. 33. 

Grant of the Town of Grimsby to William de Huntingfield, to £ice p. 65. 

North-West Prosper of Barlings Abbey near Lincoln, to fince p. 97. 

Ancient Chair in Lincoln Cathedral, to face p. 129. 

Johannes de Welleby, to £ice p. 161. 

View of S. Giles' Hospital, Lincoln, to face p. 170. 

Arms of Welby, to £ice p. 193. 

Examples of Lincolnshire Traders* Tokens, to face p. 225. 


»lft1 " „,i.^"'''t' 

!», t> fDiif (aron'^aliftft 





Notes & Queries. 


HE BussY Psalter.— The MS. from 

which the accompanying facsimile page is 

taken is a small quarto volume of the 

fifteenth century, beautifully written in 

Church text on i68 leaves of vdlum, 

with illuminations in gold and colours 

(some of which however luve unfortunately 

nmcnccs with the Calendar ; then comes the 

Psalter, beginning at Psalm II., vcne 3, one or two leaves being 

apparently missing: and at the end are the Canticles, the 

Athanasian Creed, (which, by the way, is, I believe, very rarely 

found in old service books,] and part of the Litany of the Saints, 

concluding with an unfinished Declaration of Faith, and three 

blank leaves. 

The volume has evidently been one of the service books 
used in the private chapel of the knightly &mily of Bussy, of 
Hougham, and the chaplain at first appears to have merely 
entered in the Calendar a note of the family obits which he 
had to celebrate; but after the Reformation (which is 
emphasised by the writer, whoever he was, by crossing out the 
word "Pope wherever it occurs in the Calendar), Me births 
and deaths of the family are all recorded in it, the last entry 
being dated 1609. 
Vol. 2. — Part i. b About 


2 Lincolnshire Notes & S^ueries. 

About sixty vears ago, when Creasey's History of Skaford 
was written, the MS. was in the possession of Mr. £. J. 
Willson, of Lincohi, at whose sale last year it was purchased 
by its present owner, Mr. E. L. Grange, of Grimsby. 

There are a few inaccuracies in the extra£b from the 
Calendar printed in Creasey's Sleaford^ and seventeen entries not 
given in that work at all. It may be useful to take this 
opportunity of setting these right : — 

1453, Hie natus est Hugo, &c., viii. Id. Nov. 

1460. Dame Katherine's obit. Creasey has 1456 in error. 

1 487. " Didus Johannes obiit apud Scotter.** This should be 

Scotton, a manor which came with the Nevill 


1 558. Nata erat Elizabetha, &c., vii. Id. 0£t. 

1559. Henry Poolle; not St. Poolle. 

1565. Bridget Bussy filia Johannis &c. After this entry, is 
"Nupta Rich: Waldram de Eston quarto die 
Maij an'o d'ni 1595." 

1570. "Obiit Edmundus Bussy, apud Willow.*' Should be 

The seventeen entries omitted are as follows: — 

S.D. On the fly-leaf (evidently written after the birth of a 

child and before its baptism): — ^ Bussy was 

borne uppon Sundaye the Ath of Nouember abut 
fiue of the clock in the after none." 

1559. xviii Id. Jan. Isto die obiit Edwardus Bussy apud 
Haydor f. S. Antonii in A®. Do.: 1559. 

1 56 1. Edmundus Bussy filius Johannis Bussy natus fuit apud 
Havdor decimo quinto die Martij anno domini 

S.D. Non. Junij. Obitus Laurencii Berkeley militis. 

1562. Secundo die Julij natus erat Brudenall Bussy filius 

Johannis Bussy apud Haidor anno domini 1562. 

1462. Non. Julij. Obitus Magistri Georgii Cumburworth 

vicarius (sic) de Cotom a®, d'ni m**. cccc®. 


1569. Richardus Bussy filius Johannis Bussy natus fuit apud 
Haidor vicesimo quarto die Julij anno domini 1569. 

S.D. in. Id. Sept. Obitus domine Cecilie Bussy. 

1593. Johannes Pate filius Henrici Pate de Ketlebye natus 
fuit sexto die Septembris a° d'ni 1593. 

S.D. xviL Id. Nov. Obitus Johannis Cumberworth. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 3 

1592. Edwardus Pate filius Henrici Pate de Ketlebye natus 

fiiit XVII®. die Aueusti a® d'ni 1592. 
1591. Eliz: Pate filia Hennci Pate nata fuit apud Haydo*. 

xxv*>. die August! Anno d'ni 159 1. 
S.D. Brigitta Pate filia Johannis Bussy. 

1593. Johannes Pidssy (?) dericus de Haydor obiit apud 

Haydor xxvii die Decembris a** d ni 1593. 
S.D. John Bussy, fxlmund Bussy, Fransis Bussy, George ' 

Bussy, Edward Bussy, sonnes to Edward Bussy, 

per me Edwardum Bussy. 
S.D. John Bussy, Edmund Bussy, Fransis Bussy, George 

Bussy, Edward Bussy, Brutinal Bussy, Thomas 

S.D. John Bussy, Edward Bussy, Fransis Bussy. 

There are also in Creasey's account a few mis-spellings, 
perhaps slips of the printer ; but these, being obvious or not 
material, I have not thought it worth while to mention. 

When Gervase Holies visited Hougham and Haydor Churches 
before the Civil Wars, he saw several windows there emblazoned 
with the Bussy arms, — ^Arg. 3 bars Sable ; but now I believe 
the only visible trace of their ever having lived in Lincolnshire 
consists of a shield of their arms, and the mutilated effigy of a 
knight, in Hougham church. 

4, Afinster Yard^ Lincoln. A. Gibbons. 

2. Archbishop Laud and Bishop Williams, of 
Lincoln. — ^The document, a transcript of which is given 
below, may be considered of some historical interest, inasmuch 
as it indire£Uy concerns the two most conspicuous Prelates of the 
reign of Charles I^ William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
and John Williams, Bishop of Lincoln, Lord Hi?h Chancellor 
and subsequently Archbishop of York. The lives of these 
two eminent men are part and parcel of the history of England 
in those troublous dap, and it will be only necessary to give 
now a very brief outline of ia£b. In 1021, Dr. Williams, 
from not purely disinterested motives, had recommended Laud's 
promotion from the Deanery of Gloucester and a Canonry of 
Westminster to the Bishopric of St. David's, but shortly after 
he began to view him with suspicion and dislike, chiefly on 
account of Laud's superior influence with Buckingham. The 
aversion no doubt was mutual, and it seems to have reached a 
culminating point when Dr. Laud, as Archbishop of Canterbury, 


4 Lincolmhire Notes & Queries. 

by virtue of his Metropolitan authority, visited the Diocese of 
Lincoln for the corre6tion of offences against Ecclesiastical 
order and for the enforcement of discipline against the Puritans. 
Hereupon Bishop Williams openly countenanced their 
irregularities, and both by a£Hon and writings commended 
himself to the good offices of the country party, which zeal 
contributed in great measure to his disgrace at court. He was 
muldted on his trial chiefly on political charges*, with very heavy 
fines, and condemned to imprisonment in the Tower m July 
1637, where he remained till 1640. The downfall of his rival 
secured his promotion. In 1641, with the view of conciliating 
the popular party, he was made Archbishop of York, but by 
that time the very name of Bishop was odious to the mob, and 
he was the dire<^ cause of the impeachment by the Commons 
of the twelve Prelates, who claimed that, as mob-clamour pre- 
vented them from attending the sessions of the House of Lords, 
their absence should make the proceedings of that house invalid. 
He was of course deprived of the emoluments of his office on 
the abolition of episcopacy. At first he sided with the King 
when the civil war broke out, afterwards he went over to the 
Parliament, and in 1650 he died in retirement. A man of very 
high abilities, and only too great versatility, he was sadly 
wanting in sincerity and straightforward policy, which his rival, 
whatever else were his faults, possessed, and he is perhaps now 
chiefly remembered as the last ecclesiastic who ever held the 
great seal of England. 

The date of Mr. Whatton's suspension may be fairly con- 
sidered to be synchronous with Archbishop Laud's visitation of 
Lincoln Diocese.f Its cause is stated to be the non-payment 
of procurations due to the Archdeacon of Lincoln. The date 
of his absolution is May 24th, 1638, lie having been mean- 
while appointed to the Vicarage of Grantchester in the diocese 
of Ely. This, it will be noticed, was during the earlier part of 
Bishop Williams' confinement in the Tower, so that one cannot 
suppose the absolution due to any pressure on the part of his 
former Diocesan. Perhaps it was in response to some application 
on the part of the patrons, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, or 

* Gardiner sayt ^ On the ground that he had betrayed State secrets, coming to his 
knowledge as Privy Counsellor.** History of England, viii., 251. [Eds.] 

\ This visitation was made for the Archbishop by Sir Nathaniel Brent, 
vicar-general. He seems to have been in Lincolnshire in 1634. Brent, as Warden 
of Merton College, Oxford, incurred Laud's displeasure for maladministration, and 
appeared as a hostile witness to the Archbishop at his trial in 1641. See Leslie 
Stephen's Biog, DiS^ vi., 263. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 5 

of Bishop Wren, of Ely, since it would be contrary to ecclesiastical 
order for a man under sentence of excommunication and 
suspension to be preferred to a benefice. An examination of 
the Diocesan Registers* would perhaps throw some light on the 
facts of this particular case, and the original of the document 
now printed ought to be preserved at Lincoln, with other papers, 
doubtless of the like import. But though our Cathedral 
Archives contain far ereater treasures, there may be some excuse 
for the owner of a few waifs and strays of tnis type printing 
the same as his humble contribution to the history of those 
stirring times, which we certainly study far too little. The 
paper on which this document is written is now soiled and 
discoloured, the ink faded, the latin contra^d, and the forms 
obsolete, but the vivid memory of those days with their 
influence of good and evil has survived for 250 years, and we 
are now at length becoming fit to examine impartially the 
condud and principles of those who were the chief agents in 
the struggle between king and parliament. 
Copia absolucio»is magistri Whatton vicarii de Grancester 

[Grantchester] nup^r R^^oris de Howell. 
Guilielmus providtntia divinz Czntuariae Archi^/xfq)us 
totius Anglie Primas et MetropokV^nus ad quem omnis 
et omnimoda Jurisdi£lio sp/W/u^ylis et EccUxi^x/ica quae 
ad Reverendum p^/rem dominum Joh^7ff»em Uincolniensem 
Ysipiscopxxm ante suspencio»em suam ab officiis et beneficiis 
suis p^rtinebat iam eo suspenso et dwiznte suspencione 
sua prcdi^la notarie dignoscitur prrtinere Universis 
et singulis Re£loribus \\cariis Curatis ministris Cl^cis 
et LiVrratis quibuscunq«^ per totum f Comitatum 
hincolniensem vel etiam comitatibus meis alteris^ vobis 
conjurUiim et divissm committimus et mandamus quat^»us 
magistrum Thomam Whatton Cl^cum nup^ Re£forem 
Ecd^xiae pzrochialis de Howell Archidiaconztus Lincohuensis 
a quibuscunq«^ sententiis quam Excom/nunicacibms tam 
suspencioffis contra eum ex officio nostro mero latix in non 
solvend^ procuraao»es yenerabili viro domino Arcbidiacono 
Archidiaconztus hincolniensis debitis absolutum fuisse et 
esse in Eccl^xiis yestris p^rochialibus et Capellis diebus 

* Unhappily the Episcopal Registers of this period are missing. [Eds.] 

ITotam, so the MS. but Comitatus should be of the masculine gender. 
Both reading and sense here are very doubtful and the corre^ness of two or 
three other words is not guaranteed, 


6 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

dominicis festivis post recepc/onem prcsentium iminediate 
sequen//^«j inter divinorum Solemnia dum major ibidem 
ad di^'ina audienda adfuerit populi multitudo palam et 
puh/rce denuncietis et declaretis cum efFe£hi. Datum 
apud Lincoln/^;?! Vicesimo Quarto die mensis Maii Anno 
D'ni 1638. Pet. Walter Surrogatus. 

43, Church Streety Brighton, Cecil Deedes. 

[The Editors acknowledge with thanks some notes contributed by Precentor 

3, The Gentry of Lincolnshire of 1634. — ^The 
Heralds' visitation of the County of Lincoln made in the year 
1634, cxis^ alone in the Library of the Heralds' College. In 
the catalogue of that Library it is known as C. 23. The 
whole MS. had been copied by the late venerable Richmond 
Herald, my excellent friend of happy memory, Mr. Arthur 
Staunton Larken, and from his copy this list was first made. 

This only perfed copy, with additional evidences from wills, 
parish register entries, monumental inscriptions, charity reports, 
etc., etc., was purchased in 1886 by the Chapter of the Heralds' 
College, and is now placed in their library. 

The printed list of the gentry of the county of 1634 as given 
below has been checked with the original MS. of 1634, and from 
it, for the first time, some idea of the extraordinary wealth of 
information in the visitation of 1634, may be gleaned, as 
nearly every name means a signed pedigree of at least three 
generations, as well as a trick of the coat of arms the family 
had a right to use. 

The original MS. of 1634 is divided into three parts, and 
each part has a separate index, and the volume contains over 
three hundred and fifty signed visitation pedigrees. Nearly all 
who entered had a riglit to arms, and only a few are ^^ respited 
to London for proof," as for example William Welby of 
Denton, who was using the arms of the femily of Welby of 
Moulton. However between 1634 and 1801 proof would seem 
to have been made, as the Heralds' College allowed the arms to 
the first Baronet in 1801. 

A list of Disclaimers to the right to bear arms has been 
added, as Disclaimers were people who socially were qualified to 
use arms, but who had no right to do so, as for example my 
ancestor, Richard Toller of Billingborough, fi-om whom 
descend — Sir Richard Sutton, Baronet, Mr. Everard de Lisle, 
of Garendon and Grace Dieu, Mr. Frederick Methold, of 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Thome Court, Suffi)lk, the Rev. John Henry Green, Redor of 
Mowsley, in Leicestershire, Mr. Robert Edmund Chester 
Waters, and the late Lord Howden, etc., etc. 

Oftentimes it happened, that in the next Heralds' visitation of 
a county, the Disclaimers of the previous visitation had 
obtained from the crown, through the Heralds' College, the 
right to use arms, and from that day, the family became a 
msitatton family. 

If this list should incite Lincolnshire folk to hunt up the 
monumental inscriptions of the visitation familiesy etc., etc., in 
in the churches of their own neighbourhood, and to print them 
in Lines. N. V J^., the labour of making this list will not be 
^love's labour lost^" and it will be patent then to all that in 
Lincoln's lowland levels all Lincolnshire gentlemen are cousins. 

My TOod friend. Mr. George William Alarshall, Rouge Croix 
of the Heralds' College^ tells me that probably one quarter of the 
Heralds' visitation of Lincoln of 1634 has, here and there, been 
printed, and it may be well to add that beside the Visitation of 
1634, there is in the Library of the Heralds' College a MS. 
volume of Church Notes, etc., of the same date. 














Sir mUiam 







Sir Edward 






















Tvdd S. Mary 









East Halton 

Great Ponton 













Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 









South Thorcsby 
































Little Gonerby 








Steeping Magna 















North Klelsey 














Cherry Willingham 





Market Stainton 












West Keale 







Sir Charles 



Sir John 











East Halton 









^»* Francis 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


















Market Stainton 









Sir VaUntim 

























N. Kelsey & Grimsby 

















Kirton & Grimsby 







John . 








Coates by Stow 










Temple Brewer 















Berling Urange 









Sir Robert 





Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 



Sir Sutton 









































Disclaimers, 1634. 



Langton oy Wragby 







Kirkby Underwood 










North Stoke 



Sutton S. Mary 


West Rasen 







Fulsby in Kirkby-on- 

Cherry Burton 




Haxey, I. of Axholm 


Everard Green, F.SJl. 

{To be continued,) 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 1 1 

4* Wainfleet: Charter of Incorporation, 1457. — 
A most interesting discovery has lately been made by Mr. 
Walter Martin, of this place, whilst searching the archives of 
the Governors of the Bethlehem Hospital, to whom a very 
considerable property was left in the parishes of Wainfleet All 
Saints, and S. Mary's, by Edward Barkham, Esqr., in 1732, he 
being the last remaining member of his family. 

This discovery is nothing less than the original Charter of 
Incorporation of the town of Wainfleet, as a Royal Borough 
with high Bailiff, Corporation, Freemen, Common Seal, &c. \ 
with perpetual succession, and sundry liberties duly set forth in 
the Charter. 

By the kind permission of Mr. Martin I append a trans- 
lation of the Charter below, and shall be very grateful to any 
of the readers of Lines. N, & ^. who may be able to throw 
any further light upon the subject, and especially as to when the 
Charter lapsed, or was withdrawn. It would appear fi'om a 
casual reference in Oldfield's History of Wainfleet^ and the 
Wapentake of CamUeshoe^ that the first High Bailiff was that 
Lord Sudley who in the following reign was attached, and as 
he was led away to London exclaimed ^Sudley Castle, thou 
art the traitor, and not I." He was originally Sir Ralph 
Botellir, and was created Lord Sudley by Henry VL, to 
whom he was treasurer, chamberlain, and steward of the 
household; he was also standard bearer, and chief butler of 
England. Being; a devoted follower of the house of Lancaster, 
he not unnaturaUy fell into trouble on the accession of King 

On his death in 1 461, John le Eure and others gave to John, 
Abbot, of the Monastery of S. Alban's, the hiv days of the 
town named in this Charter, with all the perquisites customary 
and appertaining to these fairs, and also the market days. 
Perhaps something might be discovered further about it in the 
S. Alban's records. 

It will be seen that one of the witnesses to the Charter was 
the great William of Wayneflete, by whose influence it was no 
doubt obtained from Henry VI. A special interest attaches to 
this Charter as being probably the last granted by that king, as 
he must have been in the Tower within a very short time of 
its execution. The Charter runs as follows : — 

" Henry, by the grace of God, King of England and 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to the Archbishops, Bishops, 
Abbots, Priors, Dukes, Marquises, Earls, Barons, Justices, 


1 2 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Reeves, Sheriils, and other Bailiils, and his faithful 
(subject), greeting. 

iLnow ye, that whereas We on the humble petition of 
our believed tenants of Our Duchy of Lancaster residing 
in Our Town of Wainfleet in die County of Lincoln 
have received information how an ancient port of the sea 
for all the friends of our realm of England formerly existed 
there, and now seems about to become an easy and ready 
place of call for the ships of Our enemies, which is to he 
feared*: — How also as much on account of the falling ofF 
of the concourse of the ships of Our friends who for a 
long time have called and gathered together very little at 
that port, as on account of many other causes, and the 
great losses, which are, from day to day, happening to and 
befalling the aforesaid tenants and residents ; — Our afisre- 
said town being already in great ruin and as it were 
deserted by the inhabitants seems to be coming to a 
complete oestrudtion and perpetual desolation, unless Our 
Royal relief be speedily bestowed on this place; We, 
considering the premises and being willing to bestow Our 
relief after this sort on the tenants and residents in this 
place. Have of Our special grace granted, and in this Our 
present Charter have confirmed to the same tenants and 
residents that they be in fa6t and in name Our body and 
Our perpetual corporation, and that the same corporation 
be able to choose and make of itself every year Our high 
Bailiff for superintending, ruling, and governing the same 
corporation and all men and matters thereof, and that the 
same BailifFand corporation shall have perpetual succession, 
a common seal f shall serve for the business of the afore- 
said corporation; and of Our further favour we have 
conceded, and in this Our present Charter have confirmed 
to the same Bailiff and corporation, that they and their 
successors be for ever free from taxes on imports, % pannage, 

* The French and Bretong ravaged the English coast in 1457-8, plundering 
Sandwich, Aug. 28, 1457. 

tCan anyone describe the seal } 
Pannage^ the privilege of feeding swine in the woods. Pontage^ Bridge tolls. 
Km^ a wharfage due. Terragc^ exemption from all uncertain services. Muragt^ 
money paid to keep the walls in order. Pauagt, a tax on passengers. Priagty an 
aid demandable of demesne lands at the will of the lord. LattagCj a custom exaded 
on ships lading. Stallage^ payment for stalls in the market. TaSagij an aid 
demandable on demesne land at the will of the lord. Carueage^ a tax levied 
at so much per plough. Prisage, or butlerage, a custom whereby the Prince 
challenges out of every bark laden with wine, two tons, at his own price, A 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 1 3 

pontage, katap, tenage, murage, passage* priage, lastage, 
stallage, tallage, carucage, prisage, picage, and scot and 
lot, and all other customs of this kind throughout Our 
whole realm of England, and each and every one of them 
be for ever free; and further We have conceded, and in 
this our present Charter have confirmed to the sffbresaid 
Bailiff and corporation and their successors, that they for 
ever have three fairs to be held at Our aforesaid town of 
Wainfleet to last nine days every year, namely the first 
fair to be held there for the three days nearest to and 
immediately following the 21st of June*, and another fair 
to be held there for the three days nearest to and 
immediately following the 2ist of August, and a third 
fair to be held there for the three days nearest to and 
inmiediately following the loth of 0£bber, with all the 
liberties and free customs belonging or appertaining; to fairs 
of this kind, provided that these fairs be not a nuisance to 
the fairs of neighbours. Being unwilling that any 
providers, buyers, or takers, or other servants of Us or of 
Our heirs should take any hurt in those fairs, either in 
coming to them or in returning from them in any way, or 
that anvone should make exa6Hons in the same against 
the wish of the aforesaid Bailiff and corporation, or of the 
men congregating at those fairs. 

And similiarly We have conceded and in this Our 
present Charter have confirmed to the aforesaid Bailiff and 
corporation and their successors that they have for ever 
their Market to be held at Our said town of Wainfleet 
every week on the Saturday with all the liberties and free 
customs pertaining to a market of this kind or in any way 
belonging thereto, provided ' that that market be not a 
nuisance to the markets of the neighbours [two lines follow 
here that are illegible, but from the context we judge them 
not of great importance] according to the form of the 
statutes in such case made and provided, any other statutes 
or ordinances made and provided or injun6tions not being 
to the contrary. 

custom, cariottsly enough referred to by Mr. Bradlaugh in the late debate on the 
grant for the Royal PrinceM. Pricage^ money paid in fain to the lord of the soil for 
breaking the ground to let up booths or stalls. 

* There are now only two fiiirs held in Wainfleet. The first beginning on the 
third Saturday in May, and the lecond on Odfcober 24th. But in old almanacs one 
finds two others named which have long been in desuetude, vix« : July 5th and 
August 14th. 


14 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

These being witnesses : — ^The venerable Fathers, 
Thomas [Bouchier] of Canterbury, and W[illiam Booth] 
of York, Archbisnops. ♦William of Winchester Our 
Chancellor; and L[aurence Booth] of Durham the 
keeper of Our Privy Seal, Bishops. And Our most 
beloved cousins Richard of York and Humphrey of 
Buckingham, Dukes. Richard of Salisbury and John of 
Shrewsbury our treasurer. Earls. Henry de Beaumont and 
Henry de Bourghchier, Viscounts. And Our faithful 
[subjefb] John Beauchamp, the Steward of Our Household, 
and John of Dudley, Knights ; and others. 

Given by Our hand at Westminster the 20th of March 
in the 36th year of our reign. 

By the King himself and in virtue of the aforesaid 
authority, and for 2 marks paid in consideration." 
Mr. Walter Martin informs me that there are a large number 
of other ancient documents in the same chest from which 
this Charter was taken, and that he hopes to overhaul them at 
the earliest convenient time. Perhaps some of them may 
throw some light on the seemingly strange loss of these very 
definite and full privileges to the town of Wainfleet, which 
amongst the many historic places of Lincolnshire is by no 
means the least important. It was the old Roman station of 
Vainena, and the salt works used by the Romans are still to be 
traced in the Parish of S. Mary's, as is also the old Roman road 
(Saltersgate) that led across the Fens towards Bolingbroke and 

RoBT. M. Heanley. 

5. Falsification of History at Grantham. — Some 
time ago I addressed the following letter to the Pall Mall 
Gazette (January 18, 1889), to which there was no reply. 
Perhaps some Grantham reader of Lines, N. bf ^ may be 
able to defend the '^ passive obedience" of that town, so I 
venture to repeat the indi6bnent. 

5* Sir, — Lord Dysart, as you justly remark, has his fads, but 
one of them, though shared by many commoners, is, in my 
opinion, much worse than disparagement of Handel, or the 

* This is of coune the great William of Wainfleet, some time Lord Bishop of 
Winchester, Lord High Chancellor of all England, Pattyn sumamed Master of 
Winchester College, First Provost of Eton, Founder of St. Mary Magdalen College, 
Oxford, and of the Grammar Schools at Brackley in Northamptonshire, and at 


Lincolnshire Notes Sf Queries. 1 5 

introdudion of a homceopathist to Grantham — namely, the 
deliberate falsification of local history. 

In the centre of Grantham market-place once stood a 
venerable market cross, which has had a curious history. It (or 
so much of it as then remained] was pulled down by Mr. John 
Manners, lord of the manor — another Conservative who would 
not conserve — in 1779 > but he was compelled by mandamus 
to restore it next year, on the ground that 'Royal Proclamations 
were wont to be made from it.' In the place of this cross now 
stands an ugly, stumpy little obelisk, much like a pillar letter- 
box, only that it is white ; on which is an inscription put there 
by the Earl of Dvsart, the present lord of the manor, to his 
own honour and glory. 

So bxy this is, unhappily, a common enough experience; but 
what follows is absolute &lsehood. The udy little obelisk 
unblushingly states that 'Queen Eleanor's bo^ rested on that 
spot,' and that its predecessor (the market cross) was there 
ere^ed on that account. Now Queen Eleanor's body really 
did rest on the second night of that famous journey at Grantham, 
and a cross was ere£ted to commemorate the hSt. But this 
cross was on St. Peter's Hill, nearly in front of the present 
Town Hall, as is rightly stated in every record of Grantham, 
ancient or modern ; while the cross in the market-place, which 
is mentioned with equal accuracy in all the older records, is a 
market-cross pure and simple. All this must have been known 
to every one of the inhabitants of Grantham who cared for its 
local history at all. How on earth is it that they allowed Lord 
Dysart not only to disfigure their pi£hiresque market-place, but 
to falsify their local history ? " 

SbormeU Vtcarage^ LW, G. E. Jeaks. 

6. iNQUismoKs P.M. CO. LiNc, temp. Hekry VII. — 

Chancery Inq., ^w/ mortem 6 Henry VII., No. 51. 

Sir John Conyers, knight. 
Inquisition taken at Kyrton in Lyndesay, in the County of 
Lincoln, 26 Julv, 5 Henry VII. [a.d. 1490], before George 
Portyn^on, Escneator, &c. [The jurors] say that Sir John 
Conyers, knight, late of Hornby, &c., did not hold any lands, 
&C., in the County aforesaid, on the day on which he died, &c. 
Because they say that the aforesaid John Conyers and Margery 
his wife, in right of the same Margery, were seized in their 
demesne as of fee of the manors of Knaith and Suthorp, &c. 


1 6 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

and of one messuage, 4 tofts, 20 acres of arable land, 8 acres 
of meadow, 20 acres of pasture, &c., in Kesby, also of certain 
lands, &c., in Upton, Dunslall, Ganesburght, and Gatebureton, 
also of the advowson of the church of Klnaith cum Suththorp 
aforesaid, &c. On the 20th day of March, 9 Edward IV. 
[a.d. 1469], &C.. they granted to Sir John Pikryng, knight, 
Thomas Tunstall, WilTiam TunstaU, Richard Conyers, of 
Cowton, Cuthbert Lightfote, clerk, and others, now 
deceased, the aforesaid manors, &c. To have, &c., to the 
intent that they should fulfil the last will of the aforesaid 
John, &c. 

And afterwards the aforesaid Margery died, and the said John 
survived her, &c. And ftirther the jurors say that the afore- 
said Sir John Conyers, knight, was seized of the manors of 
Ryby, Alesby, Swalowe, Kelstren. Wathe and Bri&;esley, and 
or a moiety of the manor of Malberthorp, &c. ; ako of one 
messuage, 23 acres of land, 20 acres of pasture, &&, in 
Thredilthorpp, &c., and of one waste messuage and 5 acres of 
land in Caburne, 4 acres of land in Laceby, 2 messuages, 
? tofts, 40 acres of meadow, &c., in Stainyngburgh and 
Malberthorp, &c. On the 20th day of March, 9 Edward IV., 
he granted to Sir John Pikeryng, &c. [as before] all the above- 
said manors, &c. To hold [as before^ . 

The aforesaid John was seized of a rent of assize of 41 
issuing annually from one messuage, &c., in Lincoln, late in 
the tenure of Emma Dixson, and of a rent of bs issuing 
annually from one messuage, &c., in Ritforth, and of a rent of 
assize of 2x bd issuing annually from one toft, &c., in Stowe. 

On the 20th day of March, 9 Edward IV., he gave and 
granted to Robert Conyers, his son, the rents above written, 
&c. To hold for the term of his life. By virtue of which 
gift the same Robert was, and vet is seized of the aforesaid 
rents, &c. The aforesaid John aied 14 March, 5 Henry VII. 
[a.d. 1490]. 

William Conyers, Esquire, is kinsman and next heir of the 
aforesaid John, and of Margery his wife, that is to say, son of 
John, son and heir of the aforesaid John and Margery, and he 
was of the age of 21 years in the Feast of S. Thomas the 
Apostle last past. 

Chancery Inq., post mortem^ 6 Henry VII., No. 61. 

William orewes. 

Inquisition taken at Lowth, 19 0£l., 6 Henry VII. [a.d. 
1490], &c. [The jurors] say that William Brewes held no 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 17 

bnds, &c But, Sir Thomas Brewes, knight, was seized in fee 
tail df the manor of Ludburgh, &c« [The following pedigree 
comes in here.] 

Sn Thomas Buwss, Kiiight.3B 

WiLUAM Buwn, ton and heir, »» ELisABrm, one of the danghten 
died 30 OA^ $ Heniy VII. of John Hooton, Eaqniic, 

died before ner husband. 

I I 

THOMASXNAssSir Thomas Hansard, AmixseRoger Toonethend, son and/^ 

Knight heir of Sir Roger Tonneshend, / 


The aforesaid Thomasina and Anne are next heirs of the 
aforesaid William . • • • Thomasina is and was of the age of 
30 years at the time of the death of the aforesaid William ; 
and the aforesaid Anne is and was of the age of 15 years, &c. 

Chancenr \nx\^post tnortem^ 6 Henry VII,, No. 63. 
William Conyers, of Sokburn, Esquire. 

Inquisition taken at Great Carlton, &c.^ on the Friday next 
after the Feast of S. Luke the Evangelist, 6 Henry VII. [20 
OA., A,D. 1490]. 

[The jurors] say that William Conyers was seized of a third 
part of the manor of Great Carlton, &c. 

Christopher Conyers is his son and next heir, and he is of 
the age of 22 years, &c. 

{To be continuid.) W. BoYD. 

7. Ancient British Interment. — ^The Spurn, or Spurn 
Point, as it is now usually called, at the mouth of the Humber, 
is so closely conneded with Lincolnshire history that it is 
unnecessary to apologize for recording in Lines. N.^ ^ an 
interesting sepulchral relic found there. This is a rude chest 
or coffin, roughly hewn and squarely hollowed, probably with 
stone implements, from the tnmk of an oak, recently exposed 
\pf the z8don of the sea on the beach at Kilnsea. The total 
length overall of the chest is 5^ feet, the interior (it was much 
decayed and fallen when I saw it) little, if anything, over four 
feet. In this space the skeleton, presumably of an adult male 
was found doubled up. Most unfortunately the original finders 
(labourers) scattered the bones, which subsequently were washed 
away. A thigh bone alone being recovered, and this is 
suggestive of a man probably a little below the average height. 

Vol. 2 c From 

1 8 Lincolnshire Notes & ^^ries. 

From oral evidence colIe£led in the neighbourhood, I came to 
the conclusion that the body must originally have been buried 
with the head bent forward on the chest, and the le2;s tucked 
up like a trussed fowl, the knees near the chin. >fo corres- 
ponding lid or covering was found on the coffin, it had been 
placed in an excavation in the red or chalky boulder clay, and 
tenacious blue clay placed on it. The .locality on the coast 
where it was found represents the Pit Marshes — ^that is before 
"the sea gat 'em " — their position was about one-hundred and 
fifty yards south of the first sea-groin on Kilnsea beach. It is 
not improbable that a barrow or tumulus, either of earth or 
piled stones, at one time covered the interment, until levelled 
and dispersed by the sea's encroachments on the land. Not &r 
from this place on the beach, a small, simple, flat-sided celt, about 
four inches long, was picked up. It may or may not have borne 
some relation to the occupant of the oak coffin. When the 
foundations of the enlarged Chancel of St. James' Church, 
Grimsby, were dug, a similar coffin or chest was exposed, 
partly within and partly without the line of the north chancel 
wall. I remember it was conje£lured at the time, from the 
comparatively small interior, that it had been used for the 
interment of a child. It is more probable, however, that it had 
once contained an adult packed away in the manner indicated 
at Kilnsea. 

Great Cotes^ Ulceby, John Cordeaux. 

8. The Oustbby Brass, Caistor. — Inscription: 


The above brass is in the Chancel of Caistor Church in the 
centre of a large flat stone, at each corner of which stone are 
the symbols of the four evangelists on brass. The west end of 
the slab runs nearly to the steps separating the Chancel from the 
Nave. In several directories the name is given Dusteby, but 
this is a mistake in the first letter. 

The date of the wife's death has not been inserted on the 
brass, for she was not buried at Caistor, as the following 
entry, recently discovered by Mr. Gibbons, of Lincoln, in Bishop 
Ched worth's Register, Folio 54 (Bishop of Lincoln, 1452 to 
1472), will shew. 

^'xx^ die Septembris anno dni. mcccclxi* in capella 

^ Sk In the regiiter \ though, according to the braas, the huaband otAj died in 
November, 1461. j^g.^ 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 19 

infra maneriutn de Bukden dominus Thomas Limiricen' 
episcopus pontificalibus indutus munus benedidionis 
viduis dari consuetum Johanne Osteby de Castre Lincoln' 
dioc' vidue intra missarum sollempnia que idem episcopus 
celebravit fada professione sequente quam legebat 
auSoritate Reverendi in Christi. patris ac Domini 
Johannis dei gratia Lincoln' sibi commissa impendebat. 
In the name of God Amen I Johan Osteby of Castre of 
the diocise of Lincoln a wydow and not wedded nor to 
no man enseured behote and make a vowe to God and 
to oure Lady and all the company of heven in the 
presense of you Reverend Fader in God Thomas 
Bushopp of Limiryk by th' auctorite of the Reverent 
hder in God John by the grace of God Bushopp of 
Lincoln geffen and comitted to you in this party for to 
be.chaste of my body and trewly and devouteley shal kepe 
me chaste fro this tyme forward as longe as my lyfF 
lastith after the rewle of Sent Powle and with my nowne 
hande I consigne and conferme this my profession." 

Caistor Ficarage. W. F. W. Westbrooke. 

9. Christmastide. — Round this holy season, as might 
be expe£led, circles a mighty crowd of manners, customs, and 
superstitions. Many things that were pra6lised in heathen 
days at this time of the year continuing, under new names and 
little-altered forms, to hold sway. Such an event as that we 
celebrate at this time has drawn to it, or mayhap even created, 
many curious ideas and ways. Scattered abroad, we find relics 
of the past in sundry places, interesting in themselves, and 
perhaps more interesting as variants, showing how much 
alike men are, even in far-distant places. In this neighbour- 
hood one misses much that has been familiar since childhood, 
and in collecting the lore connedled with this season great care 
has to be taken lest the narrator onlv tells what he or she has 
heard in other places, or of other places, and not what is (if 
I may say so) indigenous to the locality. Thus it is that in 
this article many stories, &c., I have heard find no place. 

Christmas ElpeJ* In former times a Yule block was to be 
found on every fire; whilst on the table the Yule candle (a big 

■ The Yule log, in many parts of Yorkthire, it solemnly placed in front of the 
dining-room fire, and each member of the houtehold tits on it in turn, and wishet 
time wishcf in silence, which mtat come true. In Holdernest it is said all beasts 


20 Lincolnshire Notes & ^iferies. 

candle, shopkeepers used to give to their customers at this time) 
burned with, what was in the days of rushlights and 
farthing dips, a wondrous light. Cakes and hot spiced beer 
were served, the plum cake being cut into long strips and 
dipped into the beer. This is still done in some public houses. 
The churches were decorated with box and other evergreens 
stuck into holes in the pew tops. Several old people here 
remember this church being so decorated, and call it ^ sticking 
the church." Our bells still ring on Christmas Eve; years ago 
they commenced at 5 a.m. on Christmas Day, now it is 8 a.m. 
Frumerty lingers as a recolle£tion, but seems to have been more 
conne£led with sheep clipping time. The carol singer is 
unknown, the only trace I can find so &r, is the following, 
taken down from the lips of a very old man in the neighbour- 
hood: — 

All ye that are to mirth inclined, 
Consider well, and bear in mind 
What our good Lord for ns has done, 
In sending His beloved Son. 

The night before the happy tide. 
Our spotless Virgin and her guide 
Were long time seeking up and down 
To find some lodging in the town. 

But mark how all things came to pass. 
No resting olace for them there was ; 
Nor could tney rest themselves at all. 
But in a hungry oxen stall, 

That night the Virgin Mary mild 
Was safe delivered of a Child, 
According to Heaven's decree 
Man's sweet salvation for to be. 

kneel in the stables at 12 jp.m. In Hungary, a little chair begun on St Lucy's Day, 
worked at each day and finished on Christmas Eve, is said to have great power at 
midnight mass, inasmuch as the maker when sitting upon it can tell who are 
witches : such personages always turning their backs to the altar whilst the maker 
sits on the stool. Every hour of the day and night is pregnant with power for good 
or evil, and therefore an unlimited array of superstitions crowd round the day. A 
few may be found in Notes & S(ueries^ vi. ser., z., 414. The Yule candle, in some 
parts of Yorkshire, still bums each night between the two Christmases ; it must 
not be carried about, nor any other candle lighted at it (Cf, Notes & Sheries^ 
vii. ser., ii., 506.) A curious idea that no light must be taken out of the house 
between these two days is still extant. Our old nurse told me a sad tale of woe, in 
Holderness, of her vain gropings to find a match in her house, and no neighbour 
could be persuaded to give or Ui^ her one at this time. In some Finnish parishes it 
was said that if fire were taken out of the house on Christmas Eve, black ears 
would grow among the barley. It was also a common idea that if the farmer slept 
" crooked " in bed on Christmas Eve, the corn would be found all tangled at harvest 
time. It is curious to note that just as in Newcastle wonderful dough men (with 
currant eyes and called ^ Yule doos ") are made at Christmas, so in Finland and 
Hungary strangely-shaped bread is always made at this season. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 21 

There were three kings all in the East, 
Were tempted by a cheery star, 
Came bearing down and made no stay 
Until they came where Jesus lay.* 

This dearly needs revision, but that] is not the business of the 
folk-lore colledor, and therefore I give exafUy as reported to 

The week before Christmas the morris dancers used to come 
round. There were several a£brs: ist, Tom Fool, dressed in 
imitation rags and tatters, with big yellow letters T and F on 
his back ; 2nd, the lady (or witch) a man dressed in hat and 
veil and gaudy sash round the waist ; 3rd, a fiddler, generally 
dressed in a red coat; 4tli, the farmer's son, a bit of a dandy; 
and two others, dressed '^a bit comical.** When the party 
came to a house they proposed visiting, Tom Fool went in and 
said: — 

** Here comes I that's niver been yet, 
With my great head and little wit. 
A noa what my wife en me likes best, 
En we'll hev it, too : a leg ev a lark, en the limb of a loose, 
En cut a great thumpin' toast offen a &rden loaf." 

If Tom Fool saw that he was welcome, they all came in and 
sat down, Tom Fool taking care to be near the lady, whom he 
courted with much palaver and ^^dittiment"; their sweet 
converse was then stopped by the &rmer's son, who began to 
court the fair dame, telling her ^^she mun niwer tek up wi' a 
critter like that,** as he could never keep her, &c. So poor 
Tom Fool got the sack, and went and stood in a corner and 
openly bewailed his hard &te. After a bit the farmer's son 
moved ofi^ and Tom Fool came back and declared if she 
would only have him she ^' sud ha' bacon fliks, and flour i' th' 
bin, en ivverything, if she wain't tek notice a' that chap wi' 
his rufHes en danglements." At last they agreed to marry, 
which ceremonywas performed in a corner, one of the adors 
being parson. The wedding was then celebrated in dance and 
song; after that, bread, cheese, beer, &c., was given to the 
players, who then retired and went elsewhere to ^^say their 
piece." The songs I have not been able to get hold of, but 
appear to have been variable and dependent on the original 
a£lor's taste. 

Our people, when they meet by the winter's fire, are still 
fond of telling stories ; ghosts and goblins flourish, and I have 

* CoUeded for me by Mr. Robinson, Glebe Farm, Mumby. 


22 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

one case in my mind where a winter's meetingand a winter's 
talk about uncanny things had such an efiedt on one strong 
brawny young fellow that he vows he took his cap off on the 
way home to see if his hair wasn't standing straight up, and 
when he did get home he dare not ^^ supper up " or ought else, 
but fled upstairs and jumped under the clothes. 

Of such stories, more (Mr. Editor permitting) another day, 
for the present we will take another class. The following has 
a most comical cScSt when rattled off full speed, with the 
inimitable intonation of a real Lincolnshire voice: — "A young 
man went to see his sweetheart, en wen 'e got there 'e savs, 

* A've cum t' cum t' the', t' see the', to tell the' t' ask the t 
hem'ma. What saays th', sweetheart ? Wilt th' hem'ma ? ' 

* Noa, not I.* * Nor I neyther; bud oor foaks wud hem'ma t' 
cum t' the', t' see the', t' tell the', to ask the* t* hem'ma."* 
After this, another friend favoured as foUov^ : — " Es aw sat i' 
mi titterty tatterty, lukking oot i' mi hazy-gazy. Aw sah a 
rueri run away wi randv pipes. If aw'd had mi striddlestripes 
on, aw'd ha maade rueri put randy pipes doon ;"* or, according 
to another variant: — 

^ Es aw looked out i' my tatycMey^- 
On a moonlight night. 
Aw sah th' dead carrying the live. 
Wasn't that a wunderful sight ?''f 

Of the rest I can sele(^ but one. ''In olden days they used to 
fetch their servants home on horseback. One master, on the 
way, thus begins a chat with his new maid : — ' What de ye 
caal me, Mary ?' ' Meyster, sor.' ' Ye shuddn't caal me 
meyster, ye shud caal me Domine Sceptre.* Soa, as they was 
goin' home the' came to th' pit, soa he saays, 'What de ye caal 
that, Mary? ' ' Walter, sor.' ' Ye shuddn't caal it watter, ye 
shud caal it absolution.' Soa when the' got home, he saays, 
' What de ye caal that, Mary ? ' ' Hoose, sor.' Ye shuddn't 
call it hoose, ye shud caal it high top o' th' mountain.* Soa wen 
the' got inte th' hoose he saays, ' What de ye caal that, Mary?* 
' Cat, sor.' ' Ye shuddn't caal it cat, ye shud caal it white- 
faaced Timothy.' Soa he saays, ' What de ye caal that, 
Mary ? ' ' Fire, sor.' ' Ye shuddn't call it fire, ye shud caal it 
Hococogloriam.'' Es they wes goin' up-stairs, he saays, 
'What de ye caal these, Mary ? ' ' Steps, sor.' ' Ye shuddn't 

* Tliat is ; when I got up and looked out of the window, I saw a fox running 
away with a goose, and if I had my trousers on, I'd have made him put goose down, 
f That's a ship, for sewer (sure). 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 23 

caal them stqis, ye shud caal them wudden upps.' Soa wen 
thej got upstairs, he saays, " Whaat de je caal this, Mary ? ' 
* Bed, son' ^ Ye shuddn't caal it bed, ye shud caal it Ashedecree.' 
Soa he t€K>k off his slippers, en saays, ' What de ye caal these 
Mary?' ^ Slippers, sor.' * Ye shuddn't caal them slippers, ye 
shud caal them groond tredders. Whaat are these, Mary ? ' 
'Trousers, son' 'Ye shuddn't caal them trousers, ye shud 
caal them smaal clothes.' Soa next momin' she goas agen th' 
steps en saays [or heals oot, or squeab] 'A', Domine Sceptre, 
get oot i' yer ashedecree, en put on yer smaal clothes en groond 
tredders, en cum down th' wudden upps te me ; for white*-faaced 
Timothy hes got sum hococogloriam on his back, en withoot 
th' help of absolution, th' hieh top o' th' mountain will be soon 
one mass of hococogloriam.' ♦ 

''Them's real owd isrums !" quoth one of my Lincolnshire 
friends, when I read them over to him to see if they were 
corred. The rest of the " isrums " must find place another day. 

ASumhy Vicarage^ Alfird. W. Henry Jonbs. 

10. Societies of the Tityries and Bugle, 1623. — ^Thc 
following extrad throws light on an aUusion in one of 
Herrick's finest poems, which has long puzzled his readers : — 

December 19. 1623. Transcript of the examination of 
Michael Constable, of West Rasen, Lincolnshire.! 

"He and five or six others, supping at the Buele in 
Newport, Isle of Wight, on their voyage to Spain, 
formed themselves into a friendly society called the 
Bugle, and on their return met with another society 
called Tityre Tu, with whom they had fnendly inter- 
course; 40 more joined their company. They have 
officers, colours, and a general fund, but no articles of 

The friendly society called "Tityries" was formed in the 

low countries by the Roman Catholics in Lord Vaux's regiment. 

The English Government first became aware of its existence 

in December, 1623. It is alluded to by Herrick in his "New 

Year's Gift to Sir Simeon Steward." 

''No newt of Navies burnt at teat, 
No noise of late-spawned Tityries, 
No closet plot or open vent 
That frights men with a Parliament" 

^ This latter part must >e said full speed ahead. 

f No. 56 of Caiadv of Stau Pafen, Domestic Series, 16913-5 (vol. dv.) 


24 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

The Spanish match was broken off November 25, 1623, and 
there was much excitement throughout the following month. 
About the middle of December, a treason against the King, the 
Prince, the Lady Elizabeth, and her children, was discovered, 
and rumours were given out for firing the navy. A Parliament 
was summoned to be held on the 12th of February following.* 

The West Rasen branch of the illustrious family of 
Constable, was descended from Sir Robert (No. 217, paee 205) 
the father of John Constable, dean of Lincoln (1514-30], and 
grandfather of Sir Marmaduke, the younger, who fought with 
his father at Flodden, and afterwards took a leading part in the 
^'Pilgrimage of Grace." Sir Marmaduke married Barbara, 
daughter of Sir John Southwell, of West Rasen, and was the 
grandfather of Henry Constable, the poet (1562-1613). 

The above-named deponent was probably the Michael 
Constable stated by Castlemain to have been a Lieut.-Colonel 
in the Royal Army, and slain at Hopton Heath ; brother to Sir 
Philip, the well-known Royalist, created a baronet in 1642. 

Gussage ReStory^ Dorset. J. Heald Ward, M.A. 

II. Surgeons and the Episcopal Visitation of 
Bishop Williams, 1641. — In a quarto tra£l. Articles to be 
enquired of within the Diocese of Lincoln in the Generall and 
triennial! Visitation of the right Reverend Father in God^ fohn^ 
By Gods providence^ Lord Sishop of Lincoln^ to be held tn the 
year of our Lord God 1641. London : Printed hy M. /l, 1641., 
the following paragraph occurs : — 

"How many Pfaysiciazii, Chirurgiaiu, and Mid wives have you in your pariih? 
How long have they used their teverall sciences or offices, and by what authoritie ? 
and how have thev demeaned themselves therein? and of what skill are they 
accounted to be in tneir profession ?" 

Had the Bishop of Lincoln any jurisdidion or censorship with 
regard to surgeons at this period ? 


* See Court and Timet of Jama /., vol. ii., pp. 437-442 ; Tmfit Diary, P* 7' » 
and Professor Palgrave's note in his beautiful edition of Htrrkk in the Golden 
Treasury series. Dr. Grosart, in his recent edition of Herrick^ proposes to read 
** Titularies" for **Tityries"; supposing reference to be made to tne new titles 
(«^. Baronets) created by James I. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 25 

12. Wroot Church: Smyth and Whitelamb Brass. 
— In Wroot Church there is a brass with the following double 
inscription : — ^ Near this place lie y* remains of Sam^ Smyth, 
son of Barn" and Frances Smytn, late Re^r of Panton, 
Lincolnshire. Departed ye 4^ of Odober, 1765, aged 55. 
Abo Mary Whitelamb, wife of y* late Redor of Wroot." 
Can anyone say whether, and in what way, the above Samuel 
Smyth and Mary Whitelamb were related ? Mary Whitelamb 
was a sister of John Wesley. G. M. 

13. Huguenot Refugees. — Can any reader kindly give 
any information as to the settlement of French Huguenot 
renigees or their descendants in Lincolnshire? The Huguenot 
Society of London is printing the registers of all the Huguenot 
Churches formerly existing in the United Kingdom, and also 
inserts in its T^oceedings other information, historical and 
genealogical, relating to the strangers. Communications will 
be eladly received by the Hon. Secretary of the Society, 
R. S. Fader, Esq., 10, Oppidans Road, Primrose Hill, N.W. 

R. S. Faber. 

14. Boucher Family. — Can any correspondent kindly 
inform me whether there is any trace of the Bourchiers or 
Bouchers having lived and held lands in the parishes of Sibsey 
or Leverton, or close by there, some centuries ago ? Is there 
anything about them in the parish records or monuments ? I 
believe they came from Normandy with William the Conqueror 
and were granted estates by him in one or both of the parishes 
beforementioned, and it is supposed they were the original 
holders of the Barony of Berners, now m the hands of the 
Tyrwhitts. I know that Bouchers were in that neighbourhood 
at the end of the last century, but I want confirmation of the 
tradition that they were there some centuries previous. 

E. E. F. 

15. The Lincoln Mint. — When did the Lincohi Mint 
cease to strike coins? 

A paper in the Archaeological Institute, 1848, '^Upon the 
Ancient Mint of Lincoln,** states that later than the reign of 
Edward the First ^we have not any certain evidence of the 
existence of a mint at Lincoln." 

A few days ago, a labourer brought to me a coin he had 
found in Frampton, and upon examining it, I discovered it to 
be a silver groat of Edward II., struck at Lincoln. The 


26 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

legend is very clear and distinfl, and the coin altogether 
coincides with those of Edward 11^ and is different to those of 
the I. and II., viz.: round the effigies of the king ^^edwr. 
ANGL. DMS. HYB.,** and on the reverse "Civitas, Lincol." 

Are other coins of this kind struck at Lincoln known in the 
county ? and is there evidence of any of Edward III. having 
been then struck? 

Frampton Hall. C. T. J. Moore, F.S.A. 

1 6. Henry Sapcote. — I find fi-om Peck's Desiderata 
Cariosa that this man was twice Mayor of Lincoln, that he and 
his wife Jane are both buried in Lincoln Cathedral, that she 
died May 24, 1546, and he died June 28, 1553. I have a 
copy of his will which is dated June 21, 1553. ^^ ^^ ^^ 
speaks of his wife Alice (then alive), his sons Thomas, Henry, 
Nicholas, George, Jerom, Edward, and Johnj his daughters 
Amy Hollingworth, Jane (wife of John Dowman), Dorothy 
Wallis, Winifred Goodricke, Mary, and Ann 5 his brother-in-law 
George Chippin&;dale, a public notary; his godson John 
Chippingdale, and his cousin Ann Shaw. 

From the Exchequer Depositions P.R.O., I gather the hSt 
that Margaret Sapcote, daughter of George, the son of Henry 
married Thomas Wood, a clerk and public notary, who lived at 
Lea, near Gainsboro. 

I am anxious for any information that anyone can give me 
about Henry Sapcote and his belongings, especially his son 
George, and his relations, the Chippingdales. How did George 
Chippingdale come to be his brother-in-law? 

tValcot^ Doncaster, J. Goulton Constable. 

17. Monumental Inscriptions in 1662, co. Lincoln. — 
Can anyone of your readers throw any light on the present 
whereabouts of the Returns which were presumably made to 
Bishop Sanderson's Visitation Questions, in 1662, as to the 
state of the churches of LincolnsKire, and the inscriptions then 
existing therein? The Returns appear not to have been 
treated as Diocesan records; at any rate, they are not now 
known to exist at Lincoln. I am preparing a work on the 
Monumental Inscriptions of Lincolnshire (both ancient and 
modern), and should be very grateful for any copies of inscrip- 
tions, or list of inscriptions now or formerly in any Lincolnshire 

4, Minster Tard^ Lincoln. A. Gibbons. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 27 

18. Richard Wynne (or Winn) of Folkingham, had 
three daughters: — (x) Elizabeth, married Sir Thomas Fremantk, 
father of present Lord Cottesloe; (2} Eugenia Josephine, 
married Robert Campbell, of Skipness, N.B. (1006}^ (3} Justine. 
I should be glad of any information or extrads from the 
Folkingham Parish Registers relating to Richard Wynne or his 
daughter Eugenia. Richard Wynne's wife was, I believe, 
French, and her maiden name Royat, but this requires 
confirmation. I have in my possession an oil painting of 
Richard Wynne, by Gainsborough, and also a seal on which 
the arms of the &mily are represented as being: Ermine, on a 
fesse vert, three eagles displayed. 

Castle Rising^ Kin£s Lynn. A. £. Campb£LL. 


19. The River Witham (Vol. I., No. 231, p. 213). — 
Mr. Wheeler's theory — that the natural out&ll of the Upper 
Witham was by the Trent Valley — appears somewhat incon- 
sistent with the &£b. This is exemplified by his first 
statement, ^that the land lying west of Lincoln is ten feet 
below the flood level of the Trent.** Surely that is a reason 
why the Trent waters might have flowed eastward, rather than 
the Upper Witham waters should have flowed westward and 
climbed up the 10 feet to the Trent flood level , especially also 
when it had an easy outlet through the Lincoln Valley Gullet — 
here the upper surface of the sand bed of the ancient water- 
course is 15 feet below the existing surface of High Street — 
yet the Trent flood of 1795 rose to the level of High Street — 
hence if the Trent had (as we believe was the case in pre- 
Roman days) free course to Lincoln, it would flow 15 feet deep 
in the centre of the basin, and form a noble stream fully a mile 
wide. Mr. Wheeler also states that the average spring tide 
rises t3'34 feet at Boston, and that the land at the side of 
Brayford Mere is 20*30, and hence declares the impossibility of 
the Boston tide reaching Lincoln, but if the Valley Gullet was 
in its pristine state (freed from that extraneous accretion of 
made soil, the actual result of human agencies) its level would 
only be 5*50, so that the tidal current from Boston might easily 
rise 8 feet at Lincoln. Against this possibility, there is only 
one bSty that the bed of the river at Kirkstead when deepened 
was found to be hard day, but the ancient course of the river 


28 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

was very indefinite. Anv mass of hard clay would, at low 
tide, shew as an Island amidst the far-spreading lagoons of the 
Fen County. M. D, 

20. Stone Coffins for other Purposes (Vol. I., 
No. 253, p. 250). — Col. Moore mentions the hA that stone 
coffins have been found filled with cockle shells; in Upton 
Church a stone coffin has been utilised to make a tympanium 
over the church door. In Springthorpe Church, I believe that 
the like has been done, the tower of the church is Saxon, the 
entrance was to the west ; the nave of the church was burnt 
by Knut, a new one was built, of which the only remains is 
a very fine Norman doorway, removed when the south aisle 
was built to its present position. When this was done the 
original doorway in the tower was built up. It was then — 
apparently — that* the tympanium was built into the tower, 
which has the appearance of having been a stone coffin. 
Would these coffins be Roman or Saxon? Is there any other 
instances of this use? 

Springthorpi RiHory. £. Leaton-Blenkinsopp. 


The Tarish Church of St. Mary^ Whaplode. By W. E. 
Foster, F.S.A. London: Elliot Stock. 1889. 8vo., pp. 
viii., 120. 

This is an interesting and painstaking little work of a kind 
which we hope to see continually extended, and on which our 
future county history will have one day largely to depend; 
namely, a colle£tion in reasonable size and popular form of 
nearly all that is known or worth recording about a single 
church or parish. And Mr. Foster is fortunate in his subjed 
in which he has a patriotic interest. No stretch of a dozen 
.miles of country road in all England can rival for architedural 
display, the one from Spalding to Long Sutton. Running like 
a backbone between two vast flanks of fen, it seems to have 
been seleded as a stage for the display of the building powers 
of the rival monastic houses which had possessions in the fens, 
Whaplode and Gedney being the work of Crowland Abbey, 
Long Sutton of Castle Acre rriory, and Moulton and Spalding 
of Spalding Priory. Weston, Holbeach, and Fleet, Mr. Foster 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^iferies. 29 

thinks were due to the gifts of laymen, though the first two 
were certainly carried out under the direction of the Priory 
of Spalding. Of this magnificent line of churches, Mr. Foster 
thinks (p. 25) that "Whaplode can &irly claim to be the most 
interestine,** a place which, in our opinion, it must decidedly 
vield to lx>ng Sutton; though we entirely agree with Mr. 
Edmund Sharpe's verdid that as a means of the comparative 
study of the late Norman and late Transitional work it is 
invaluable (Lincoln Excursion 1870, p. 94). It has sufiered 
much more than any other from negle^ and positive barbarity, 
and Mr. Foster generously gives, we believe, the proceeds 
of this monograph to the absolutely necessary though perilous 
work of restoration. 

We have noted a few misprints. On (p. 19) "William 
Harecroft " appears a few lines below as " Hartoft." Holies' 
Church Notes (pp. 45, 46) arc very incorredUy given, "Betony** 
should read "botanv,'' "tres roses" should be "tres rosas,'* 
"ejusdem insigniis should be "iisdem insigniis,** "fierias 
fenestras" should be "fieri has fenestras." The arms of 
Venables and Porter are not corredly copied, the tinflure of 
the field in each case should have been "azure" not "argent." 
The family name "Ettys" should of course have been printed 
"Ellys," and on the bottom of p. 46, "uxorem" should be 
"uxorum." A "ring" of bells is wronglv throughout called a 
"peal." The date of Sir Anthony Irby s death, which is not 
inserted on his monument, should oe given as 1684. 

The Register Boo^ of the Parish Church of Saint James^ 
Great Grimsby. For Marriages, Christenings, and Burials, 
beginning in 1538 and ending in 181 2. Edited by George 
Skklton Stephenson, M.D. Great Grimsby : [Printed by 
Albert Gait, Market Place]. 1889. Pp. xvii., 435. Eighty 
copies privately printed. 

The inhabitants of St. James', Grimsby, as well as all those 
who take an interest in the preservation of Parish Registers, 
are to be congratulated upon having in Dr. Stephenson such a. 
capable editor of the interesting Register Books belonging to 
the Parish. So &r as we have been able to test his work, he 
has faithfully re-produced the original text, omitting only the 
tautology, but this very omission throws upon the editor the 
duty of rendering the text so that searchers may appeal fear- 
lessly to the book for information, bearing in mind that all are 
not experts in genealogy nor will every reader necessarily read 


30 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

the prefatory remarks. For these reasons we should have 
preferred that the older portion of the Register had been 
pun<^ated, and that the contradions in the manuscripts 
had been printed with a denoting symbol which probably exists 
in the original, or that the omitted letters had been supplied 
within brackets and thus have avoided the risk of a mis-quotation, 
for instance on page 197 at a period when a double christian 
name might be found, we find two entries thus ^^ Elizabeth 
daughter of William Wood Clerk and Susanna his wife " and 
^^ David son of George Clayton Alderman and Dorothy his 
wife," as these entries are printed without any pointing there is 
the liability of Clerk and Alderman being taken as the surname, 
which a point in each cases would have prevented, again on 
pages 73 and 94 are instances where denoting marks are 
required in the cases of "Pnell" and "Willingha," where full 
points would have served to warn the reader that the names 
were contracted. 

The Bishop's transcripts have been diligently used, and 
variations and omissions in the original supplied as &r as 

In the preface, the editor calls attention to the absence of any 
certificates of burials in woollen. In a large parish such as 
Grimsby it is more than probable that a separate register for 
the affiaavits was kept^ and that this book has been either lost 
or is still hidden away in some corner j it would be interesting 
to search the Churchwarden's accounts — if they have been 
preserved — to see whether any fines for the privilege of being 
buried in linen were paid to the Churchwardens for the use of 
the poor in accordance with the AA, Among the words in 
this volume which specially attradi attention, two are new to 
us ; at page 76 will be founa " Widdiaman" and more frequently 
"Aldresse," we presume denoting respeSively widower and 
either the wife or widow of an Alderman ; the term "Aldresse" 
appears to have been used in either sense. During the 
Commonwealth, the Register was kept with more precision 
than usual, except the too frequent hiatus among the marriages 
from 1 642-1 650, and another between 1661 and 1671, the 
record is almost unbroken, a few months only being wanting 
in the christenings and burials, and in one or two instances 
where leaves of the original have been lost. There is no 
record among the burials of any deaths by the plague, indeed 
during the period the visitation was depopulating London, the 
death-rate of Grimsby increased but nominally, and then only 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 3 1 

during the latter period of the scourge. As is usual during the 
years 1653 ^^ ^^5^) ^^^ publications of marriages are set out 
in full, and in one of them (page 155) the entry states that 
the usual form of publication took place without exception 
being made ^yet excepted against by the Register as a verv 
unfit marriage leaving it to the consideracon of the Justices, 
who married the couple notwithstanding the protest of the 
Register. The Editor has supplied a very complete description 
of the several Register Books as well as the Monumental 
Inscriptions and Heraldry in the Church {circa) 1640, from 
Holies' Notes in the Harl. MS. 6829, and lastly, although not 
least worthy of mention, a full index of names. 

j/ Glossary 0^ JVords used in the fFapentakes of ManUy and 
CorringhoTny Lincolnshire. Second edition, revised and con- 
siderably enlarged. By Edward Peacock, F.S.A. London: 
published for the English Diale<% Society by Triibner ic Co., 
Ludgate Hill. 1889. 8vo. Pp. xvi., 636. 

The Scandinavian when he comes to our county, feels he is 
in no strange land ; as the train rolls on, names familiar to his 
eye stand on the stations. Killingholme, lies amongst the 
islands of the Finnish Archipelago, as well as in North 
Lincolnshire. Skegness in the Baltic looks across the waters 
to its Lincolnshire namesake, and all our *^bys" sound home- 
Uke. A Finnish friend who knew not one word of English, 
once remarked, as we walked down a country lane, where 
some hens ran clucking by, ^^ At last I hear a language I know, 
they speak the same as ours do." The Scandinavians who visit 
us need not go to the farmyard for a common tongue. He 
knows what "forelders" are, and what "to lig in bed" means, 
and ever and anon, is the conversation of the people, he catches 
sounds strangely like his own. Some folk when they visit us 
in our country places, talk with scorn of the bad English our 
people talk, fortunately there are those who knowing more, 
see in the rugged folk speech the rock from which our own 
noble tongue has been digged, and not content with a passing 
notice, go down into the quarry, and note the old stones. Note 
them, before they are broken up, carted away, and lost for 
ever. Therefore each glossary of our Folk words is of supreme 
interest to .those who care to know, who they are, and whence 
they came, and more ^ for it is like some great moss grown tower, 
that, though it be ruined, tells of struggles through which was 
moulded the then Great Unborn, our Present. The Glossary 


32 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

before us bears on every page the work of the scholar who 
loves his worl^ and spares no pain to make it as perfed as he 
can. Not only is it rich in words and phrases, but the 
examples given as to how the words are used are invaluable. 
Here we find examples of folk wit, and insight: ^a velvet 
tongue," ^^full o'slaapeness as a lawyer," &c.; pathos as when 
it's said ^^he was call'd hoam," that breathes of old English 
home-love in its deepest sense; turn over the pages, and the 
Lincolnshire folk will be found to be as good at manufaduring 
a compound as the most learned German Professor, e.g.y when 
the pansy appears as "Meet-her-e-th*-entry-Kiss-Her-e'-th- 
buttery"; but the book must be bought and perused, and used 
before its merits can be known. Many a valuable bit of Folk 
Lore will be found in its pages, and many a bit of old home 
life, with little pi6lures of our cottage homes. It is of interest 
too, to note, how the words change in our county, or even 
disappear. On the east coast, ^^ The roads is squaddy" and 
^^foaks maake a straange dittiment aboot it," more than *^won 
chep is a straange dunkleheed," and many ^^as bug as Hector"; 
we possess some ^^yawnecked things," and we've got many 
** greet rammen things," and more than one who stands 
^^peedoddling aboot, isted i, getten on wi ther work, and rammen 
right strite inte it." Several of our words do not appear in 
Mr. Peacock's book as might be expedled, dealing as it does 
with another part of the county, in other cases the pronunciation 
is modified. One word full of untranslatable vigour, one 
certainly expeded to find amongst our North Lincom friends. 
A story will best show the word. In a neighbouring parish, a 
preacher in one of the chapels gave out his text in great formtf 
^^ Behold the bridegroom cometh." Just then, .in walked a 
newly-married couple, in all the glory of their wedding attire. 
They were of course, beheld of all beholders, the whole thing 
so upset the orator, that quoth he *^Well mi brethren I'm 
clean blutherbunged!" and sat down. 

Mr. Peacock's book ought to be on the shelves of everyone 
who cares for Lincolnshire Folk. To the word colle6lor it is 
invaluable in its suggestiveness. Take it and ask some old man 
if he knows that word ^^Lork," how his eyes twinkle, and a 
smile ripples over the wrinkles, as he says *^£y sor, that I do!" 
or tells how we are not quite right in our "taalk," crowning 
all with some story full of lore, or pathos, of the days ^^wen 
ah was a little oud boy." Many thanks Mr. Peacock for your 
scholarly work! Many thanlcs for what you have done to 
teach men about our homely folk! 



Notes & Queries. 


iPTAIN JOHN SMITH, of Virginia. 
— ^The reprint of the collected works 
of Captain John Smith, Presidwit of 
Virginia, and Admiral of New England, 
by Prof. Arber, in The English Scholat't 
Library Scries,* will do much to dispel 
the popular ignorance with regard to the 
adventurous life of one of the bravest of Lincolnshire Worthies. 
Hitherto Captain John Smith has been popularly known as the 
hero ai the Pocahontas story, which Prof. Arbcr very aptly 
describes as ''a mere incident in a life which till then and ibr 
some time afterwards was replete with similar desperate 
hazards of all kinds." Captain John Smith (whose portrait! 
at the age of 37 appears on the opposite page), the son of 
George Smith, of Willoughby, near Alford, was born at 
Willoughby in the month of June, 1579, and educated at 
the Grammar Schools of Alford and Louth. His parents died 
when he was thirteen years old, and his guardians apprenticed 
him to one Thomas Sendall, of Lynn, a merchant of consider- 
able local repute. This employment does not seem to have 

• •niEfBiiSckilai'iIJhrBj. Vol. 1 6. Blrmiaglum. 1S84. Soo. 

■f-Thu portnil i> reproduced from the one (ppearing in the comer of the map of 

Mf^ Pnglanil , »hi<:li it Immil in j4 Ijairiflimi cf finn F.i^lamA London: 1S16. 4t0. 

Vol. 2. — Part 2. d been 

34 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

been agreeable to Smith's tastes, as a few years later (1596) we 
find him a soldier in the French army, and still later serving 
under Captain Duxbury in the Low Countries. He returned 
to England in 1600, after a perilous sea voyage, during which 
he sufFered shipwreck at Holy Island. After a short stay in 
Lincolnshire he went abroad, visiting many continental towns 
and cities. At Gratz he made the acquaintance, in 1601, of 
Baron Kisell, General of Artillery to the Archduke of Austria, 
and also of Earl Meldritch, Colonel of a cavalry regiment, in 
which Smith accepted a commission as captain, and shortly 
afterwards distinguished himself by the important tactical 
services he rendered at the sieges of Ober Limbach and Stiihl- 
weissenberg, in Hungary. In the battle between the Duke de 
Mercceur and the Turks, on the plains of Girke (?) he had 
a horse killed under him. In 1602, Earl Meldritch having 
determined to assist Prince Sigismundus against the Turks in 
Transylvania, Smith accompanied him, and whilst engaged in 
hostilities before Regall(?) greatly distinguished himself by 
slaying successively three Turkish officers in single combat in 
the presence of the two armies, an event which was afterwards 
commemorated by the Prince Sigismundus granting him the 
right to use a coat of arms bearing three Turks' heads.* 

After Prince Sigismundus had surrendered his country to the 
Emperor Rudolph, Smith accompanied Earl Meldritch into 
Wallachia. Here the tide of his fortunes for a time was 
reversed. Earl Meldritch's army defeated. Smith left wounded 
on the neld and taken prisoner by the Turks. As soon as he 
had recovered from his wounds he was sold as a slave and sent 
with others in chains to Constantinople, and subsequently to 
Nalbrits in Tartary, where he was treated with cruelty, which 
he himself describes as such that ^^a dog could hardly have 
lived to endure." After about a year's slavery he at length 
found means of escape. Whilst thrashing corn in a grange 
some distance away, the Bashaw came to inspedi his work, and 
finding fault with it proceeded to beat Smith as he was wont 
to beat his other slaves. Smith resisted, killed his assailant, 
and escaped to the desert disguised in the Bashaw's clothes. 
After wandering for sixteen days he arrived at ^copolis, on 
the River Don, where the Governor received him kindly and 
aided him with letters, commending him to the care of the 

* This coat appears quartered in a coat of arms registered to Captain Smith by 
Sir William Segar, 19th August, 1625, at the Heralds' College, yide Capuin John 
Smith's H^orksj Ed. Arber, pp. xxiv., 807 and 843. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries ^ 35 

Governors of other cities, which eventually enabled him to travel 
across Russia to Transylvania. After passing through Hungary 
in December, 1603, he arrived at Leipsic, where he aeain met 
with Prince Si^ismundus and his Colonel, Earl Meldntch, and 
was handsomely rewarded by the Prince for his services. He 
then travelled through Germany, France, and Spain, to Gibraltar, 
and fi-om there to Saffi in Africa, where he made the acquaint- 
ance of Captain Merham, commander of a French man-of-war, 
with whom he put to sea, and engaged in a desperate sea fight 
with two Spanish war ships. Captain Merham, after having 
his ship boarded three times and receiving one hundred and 
forty shot in his vessel, beat off the Spaniards, and eventually 
brought back Smith to Saffi, from which place he returned to 
England in 1604. With this return to England the most 
adventurous part of Smith's life passed away, and henceforth 
we find him devoting his attention to colonising America. 

{To be continued.) E. L. G. 

22. Gervase Holles and Sir Lewis Dives' Regiment, 
1642. — Hitherto I have never seen it recorded that Gervase 
Holles ever served, during the Civil War, in Sir Lewis Dives* 
Regiment, and in Mr. Peacock's list* of the officers of this 
regiment Holies' name does not appear. According to Collins,t 
Gervase Holles, when with Charles L at Oxford, in November, 
1642, had the rank of Sergeant-Major [/.^., Major], but it is not 
stated in what regiment he was then serving. That Gervase 
Holles was at one time serving under Sir Lewis Dives, the 
original Commission, now in my possession, and of which I 
give a copy below, seems to establish beyond doubt. 

"Robert Earle of Lindsey Lord Willoughby of 
Willoughby Beke and Eresby Lord Great Chamber- 
layne of England Kn^ of the most noble order of the 
Grarter, one of his Ma**~ most ho^ Privy Counsell, 
and Lieut. Generall of all his Ma**~ Forces &c. 

To Gervas Holies Captayne 
By the authority and power given me from o* 
Sovraign Lord King Charles under the Great Seale 
of England as Lieut-General of his Ma**** forces, I 
doe constitute and appoint you Captaine of one 

^ jlrmy Lut of the Roundheadt and CavaRers, London. 1 874. 4to. P. 1 7. 
\ l&toricai Colleiiwnt of the Nobk Families of CavenJisAf Holies^ &c. London. Fol. 
175a. P. 72. 


36 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Company of one hundred foot under the Regim* of S' 
Lewis Dives K'^* and Colonel of one thousand foote 
which Regim* by vertue of his Ma**** Commission is to 
be imprested and retayned of such as will willingly and 
voluntarily serve for the defence of his Ma**** Royal 
p'son, the two houses of Parliam*, the protestant relig- 
ion, the lawes of the land, the liberty and propriety of 
the subje£l,and priviledges of Parliam* Theis are there- 
fore to require you with all diligence and expedicon 
to raise, leavy, and bring yo' said company of one 
hundred foote unto the Rendezvous at Nottingham, 
to take them into yo' charge, and to cause them to 
be duly exercised in Armes, Commanding all inferior 
Officers and Soldiers of the said Company to obey 
you as their Captaine according to this Comission 
given you And you are likewise to obey observe and 
follow such orders and direccons, as you shall from 
tyme to tyme receive from myself and the superior 
Officers of the said Regim* and Army according to 
the discipline of Warr. 

Given under my hand and Seale at Yorke the 13th 
of August 1642 In the Eighteenth yeare of his 
Ma**** Raigne. 

[Seal gone.] 

£• L. G. 

23. Incised Slab at Crowland (Vol. I., No. 238, 
p. 225). — In the second continuation of Ingulph's Chronicle * 
under the date 1423, it is stated that the new works of the lower 
part of the church towards the West were built from the founda- 
tions by William of Croyland, master of the works, in the time 
of Abbot Richard. The historian states that this Abbot 
received many gifts towards the works from his neighbours, 
and the names of some of the donors are recorded. In this 
list of donors John Tomson appears as a contributor of ten 

It seems probable that this is the same John Tomson, to 
whose memory the incised slab referred to in Vol. I., page 225, 
was placed. 

Gothic Housiy Stamford, E. B. Wood. 

* Bohn't edition, pp. 392-3. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


24. The Gentry of Lincolnshire of 1634 {continued.) 


























Woodhouse and 
Norton Disney 


Temple Brewer 



Habrough on Humber 



Sir Richard 
























EvRE (Eure) 















Bail in Lincoln 


Fitch E 
Frrz William 

Market Kasen 



Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


















































































































Spalding and Boston 




Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 






Sir miUam 



















Sir George 




Sir Edward 




































Sir Charles 


Sir Edward 




Disclaimers, i 




















Wykeham in Spalding 









Graby in Aslackby 

Cressy in Surfleet 

Burton Goggles 













W igtoft 




Dun holme 










Sir Anthony 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


Sir Anthony 
















Robert J 





Sotherey in Bardney 

John J 










John \ 










Roger \ 










mUzam I 



fVilUam I 



Andrew 1 


Laneton byHorncastle 

Richard I 


John I 
WiUiam I 







Richard Y 



George I 





John I 
WiUiam I 



Samuel I 



7w^i& I 





John I 


Keadby, Isle of Ax* 

George I 



Francis I 



?V//r I 



EvsRARD Green, F.S.A. 

{To hi continued.) 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^tferies. 41 

25. Lincolnshire Folk-Lore. — As a natural conse- 
quence of the belief in witches and wizards being so widely 
spread, there is a mass of charms still to be found amongst the 

^ A girl I knew,** said one of my people, a few weeks ago, 
^ took a pigeon's inside out while it was alhi and put it over 
the house door. Before very long her lover, who lived some 
distance away, walked in and asked what she wanted. The 
young fellow said he felt he must come, and he knew she'd 
been up ^te summat.'" This abominable superstition shows 
how deeply-rooted old-world beliefs are even now-a-days, 
spite of schook, &c. It is part and parcel of the same set as 
those previously noted on pp. 168, 245, in which certain things 
can be made to represent absent people, and to compel them 
to do as the charmer wishes. * Another curious charm was 
given to me a short time ago. It is written in an old copy 
book, and is a strange medley of religion and superstition. 
The following is an ex^& copy, so far as I can make it so. 
*^ Gods Message from heaven. A copy of a letter found under 
a stone as it is said, written by the hand of God in a village 
named euerkall (?}, near to the town of Jasardy in the year 
1603, this letter by the commandment of Jesus Crist, was 
found under a stone broad large, it was at the side of a cross, 
18 miles from Jasardy, in the said village upon the wich was 
graven the words. Blessed is he that turneth me, the people 
that saw this writing endeavored to turn the stone but in vain 
they laboured, for it was immovable, and when they could not 
turn it they prayed. And they desired of god that they should 
understana the meaning of this writing, and there came a 
child between six and seven years old turned the stone to the 
great admiration of the beholders, and when it was turned, 
there was found under it a letter written in golden letters by 
the verry hand of Jesus Crist wich letter was carried to 
Jasardy to be read wich town belorigeth bethsaida and there 
was the commandments of Jesus Crist sent by the Angel 
Gabriel in the year 1603 it was as foUoweth you say that 
they that work on the Sabbath day shall be excommunicated 
and cursed of Jesus Crist but I say and command you to 20 
to Church and keep that day holy and that you earnestly 
desire me to forgive you your sins and offences my commana- 
ments you shall faithfully keep and serve me stead&stly believe 

* I am indebted to Mn. Jamei Johnton, of Heliey, for thii. 


42 Lincolnshire Notes 6? Queries. 

that this was written by my own hand you shall go to church 
and take your children with you and keep my commandments 
and leave off working on Saturday at five o'clok in the evening 
and so continue till Monday morning and I wish vou to fast 
five fridays in the year in remembrance of the nve wounds 
that I received for your sins you shall take no gold nor silver 
unadvisedly but keep my commandments you shall cause them 
that are not baptized to go to church and repent and in so 
doing I will bless you and give you manifold gifts and long 
life and your cattle shall be replenished and fi-uitfuU to bring 
abundance and my blessing shall be upon you but he that doth 
contrariwise shall be accursed and not blessed their goods and 
cattle shall be unfruitfull and I will send upon them lightning 
and thunder and whant of food untill I have distroied them 
especially that witness against this writing and believe not that 
it was written with my own hand and that I have not spoken 
it with my oun mouth they shall be accursed and shall be the 
confusion of hell. Remember that you keep holy the Sabbath 
day without any occupation for I have given six days to labour 
in and have taken the seventh to myself and as many do write 
a copy of this writing and cause it to be published he shall be 
blessed and if he have sinned as oft as there are stars in the sk^ 
if he heartily sorry for them asking forgiveness of me contrari- 
wise if a man do write a copy of this writing without 
published to others he shall be accursed and again if he doth 
not things and keep my commandments I shall upon black 
storms and showers wich shall both destroy you and your 
cattle your goods and whatsoever you have also if a man do 
write of this writing and keep it in his house no evil spirit 
shall hurt him and if a Womman be with child and have a 
copy of this writing about her she shall be delivered of her 
burden and now you shall know no more till the day of 
Judgment all good shall be to that house were a copy of this 
writing shall be found in the name of Jesus Crist this place 
is called bethsaida South West by East 236y* miles from 
London." Of this strange medley, for our present purpose, 
there is no interest saving at the end, where the charm is 

Even to the present day the feeling that others may harm 
you still exists in this parish, e.g.^ a resident told me that if a 
woman she suspe£b to be a witch comes to the door selling 

• This y may be 7. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 4'^ 

hemp she will not take anything from her as then she has no 
power. If by any chance the old woman says ^^ Mrs. X. is 
born under a lucky star,** she at once gets very frightened and 
gives the old woman a copper ^^to get shot of er.^ Black 
books and written charms are rare in our county, if not 
unknown* — still we have remains, such as the horse shoe 
over the stable door, the wicken tree carried in the pocket to 
keep ofF the witches, the chestnut or potato carried by some to 
ward ofF^^rheumatiz." I know two people in this parish who 
still wear a mole's foot round their necks to cure fits to which 
they are subjed. 

One of the most curious remnants of old belief I have come 
across was related to me by a young friendf in the parish, who 
told me that when she was confirmed and went to her first 
communion she was told that if she kept half of the conse- 
crated bread in her pocket she would become a witch and have 
marvellous powers. I am glad to say she never dreamt of 
doing so. But the belief that the altar and all surrounding 
it has wondrous power is known to exist in our midst, just as it 
does in the lore of the Finns, Magyars, Swedes, &c., /.^., a properly 
prepared egg is sewn in a bag by Magyar peasants and laid in 
secret under the altar until three masses are said over it, it is 
then worn by the afflicted one for nine days; and has great 
power over those ill with jaundice. Again in some Finnish 
parishes there is a wonderful little sprite, which is of great use 
to the household where he dwells, that is if the owner does not 
care how riches come, so long as they do come, for the 
^^ bijero " is an arrant robber. If he does not appear there is a 

* A great number of such charms are in existence in all lands, e.g., in a Black 
Book I got horn a Swedish parish the following are to be found. To cure toothache, — 
Take a pen and pick the teeth with it till they bleed, and write on a scrap of paper, 
God the Father and this X, and with another pen pick the teeth till they bleed, 
and write with the pen and the blood, on another scrap, God the Son and these X X, 
and on a third scrap, God the Holy Ghost and these XXX. Amen. Wrap each 
piece on the pen with which it has been written upon, then the pens are to be burnt 
together witn the paper wrapped upon them, saying, **! bum up all thy toothache, 
NN, in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Amen." ambbambor. 
To fut out afirt, — Write these letters on a chip, tz<^ponxasaiibacibbbbad 
1XBBKO vtarfmm; throw the chip into the fire, and it will put it out. To make 
ayomg lady love you, — Write this on your right hand, when you shake hands, and 
then thank her for the pleasure she has given you in honouring you with her company, 
I K*l'z rptyu %,^% 2 s. There are many others for all manner of things, but I 
dread the printer's wrath if he saw the wonderful chara^ers depicted therein, and so 
must allow the above to suffice. 

f I feel I ought to acknowledge the great help I have received from ''Maud,'* and 
her kindness in colledlmg what I never could have obtained without her aid. 


44 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

way to manu&dure him: a wafer spared (I fear this is an 
euphonism for stolen) from the communion, some wool stolen 
from seven cart horses on Maundv Thursday night, and a drop 
of blood from the little finger of tne left hand, are the necessary 
ingredients. The wool must be spun on Easter Sunday while 
the sun dances,* the wafer is wrapped in the thread so spun f 
and placed in the churn, and the churning begins, the would be 
manufa^rer singing, 

^ Milk ind butter, thou must bring to me. 
I shall bum in hell for thee." 

In one course the little demon full grown spring forth and 
cries, "What will you give me to eat?" The old woman 
answering, "Raisins and almonds,** and the bargain is complete. 
There are many other such, but this will quite suffice to 
illustrate a class of superstition which it is earnestly to be 
hoped will ere long be things of the past.]: 

There is another class of superstition, still very common, 
connedted with the church, and these charms only a£t on 
certain days, ^^., if you fast on S. Mark's eve you will dream 
of your lover when you go to bed. Mrs. H. and another girl 
made a dumb cake. Both of them had to do each part of the 
performance; both went to the dairy to get the materiab; 
both took hold of the bowl; both helped to get the flour; both 
got some water and rinsed the bowl; both helped to make 
the cake and roll it. A line was then drawn across the cake 
and the initials of each girl placed on the cake on opposite sides 
of the line. During the whole time strid silence was 
maintained (a well-known rule in all incantations), and while 
the cake was being made the two girls stood upon something 
never stood on before. Just when they had done a sudden 
gust of wind swirled round the house and put the two to an 
ignominious flight. One of them feels sure if they had but 
held out her future husband would have appeared at the open 

* I hive heard that the sun dances on Easter Mom more than once in Lincolnshire. 

fit appears that the whole operation must be accompanied by unintermitting 
cursing and swearing. 

I Amongst the Petalaks (in 'Finland), a child bom during mass on Sunday 
morning will see more than other folks. The black books above-named were so 
called because they were written in human blood on black leaves, and were obtained 
from the Evil One on All Saints* night before the altar. From the time it it 
received it cannot be got rid of; burnt or thrown into the river, it matters not, 
back it will come safe and sound. It is said, however, a trulv penitent sinner if he 
creeps on his knees into church on a Good Friday and places it under the foundation 
stone can thus get rid of the terrible book. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 45 

Perhaps it will be as well now, as the reader knows how to 
raise witches, to know how to get rid of them. " Well," says 
the Finnish peasant, ^^ if vou do happen to be in company with 
the devil or any of his followers when you are walking, look 
over your left shoulder ; if you are driving and can feel by the 
weight that is in your cart that there is an uncanny burden 
behind you, unfasten the horse's collar* and look through it, 
behind you. If you can summon courage to do this they 
will all vanish and you will be delivered from your danger." 

Mumby Vicarage^ Alford. W. Hy. Jones. 

26. Bussi AND Le Poer. — ^The sight of the beautifully 
executed facsimile of a page of the Psalter once belonging to 
the Bussi Family, which now graces the commencement of the 
second volume of the Lincolnshire d^tes tf ^erieSj has 
recalled to my memory the record of a murder, in which one 
Ricardus de la Bussei is arrested and detained in prison at 
Gloucester, under suspicion of being implicated in the death of 
one Henry Le Poer, a member of a Family seated at East 
Budleigh, in the county of Devon. Bartholomew Le Poer, the 
first on record, occurs in the Cartulary of the Priory of 
Otterton about the year 11 64: to him succeeded Roger, Roger, 
John, John, and Roger (circa 1272), who married Matilda, and 
their heiress Cecilia carried Poer Hayes, the family property^to 
her husband John or Richard Duke, then of Otterton. To 
these two latter succeeded Richard Duke, Richard, Richard 
(Sheriff 1562), Henry, John, Richard, Richard. Robert, 
Thomas, George, whose four co-heiresses sold the Manors of 
Budleigh and Otterton to the late Lord RoUe. Of these four 
ladies, two died unmarried. Elizabeth, the eldest survivor, 
married John Yonge, of Puslinch, near Plymouth, and carried 
the heirlooms along with her ; and Sarah, the younger, married 
Colonel Taylor, whose daughter, Frances Duke Taylor, married 
Coleridge of Ottery St. Mary. I am indebted to the Yonge 
family for the above descent. Poer Hayes became known as 
Duke's Hayes, and now it is styled Have's Farm. It is there 
that Sir Walter Raleigh was born. The heraldic bearing of 
Le Poer was — Per Pale Wavy, Or and Azure. No crest 
recorded. Duke bore — Party per fess. Argent and Azure, 

* Finnish hones* collars are fiistened with a piece of leather under the neck, and 
K) can easily be opened. 

3 Chaplets 

46 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

3 Chaplets counterchanged. Crest — A demi Dragon, holding 
a Chaplet in its paws. 

But to proceed. About the year 1200, one Henry, the son 
of Radulphus Le Poer, was murdered, presumably near 
Gloucester, and one Galfridus de Dacheforde, on whom suspic- 
ion first fell, was arrested in May of that year, and detained in 
Gloucester jail. He gave one mark to the King, then Henry III., 
that he should be held to bail by twelve good and lawful men 
of the county, until he should make himself rieht before the 
Itinerant Justices, and answer to Roger and William Le Poer, 
the appellants. I need not give the original. The entry is in 
the Fine Rolls, an. 4 Henry III. 

Two months afterwards, namely, in July of the same year, 
suspicion had fallen upon Richard de la Bussei, for he was also 
taken and cast into Gloucester jail. He gave half a mark to 
the King that he might be bailed in the same way pending the 
arrival of the Justices, and answer to Richard Le Poer, the 
Appellant. Fine Rolls, an. 4 Henry III., then in the Tower of 
London, where I copied the entries. 

That the murdered man was a member of the Devonshire 
family at Poerhayes seems assured by a few points of evidence 
which are at hand. It may be briefly observed, that before the 
Conquest the Manors of Otterton and Sidmouth had belonged 
to the Countess Ghida, the mother of Harold, who was killed 
at the battle of Hastings.* The year after that event the 
people of Exeter rebelled against the authority of the Conqueror, 
upon which William marched an army westward and besieged 
the city. Ghida, who was within the walls, coUedled her 
treasures, and escaped by water to Flanders. t Exeter submit- 
ted ; and on William becoming possessed of everything, he gave 
the Manors of Otterton and Sidmouth to the foreign Abbey of 
St. Michaels Mount, in Normandy.J That religious House 
held them for three hundred and nfty years, and had a Prior 
and Monks at Otterton to look after the estates and the tenants 
upon them. 

During the period of Richard, Vicar of Sidmouth — 1200 to 
1229 — as we learn by a deed entered into the Otterton 
Cartulary, one Britellus Jowas made a cession of some of his 
lands situated on the banks of the river Otter, for which the 
Prior and Monks gave him four silver marks and a half. The 

* Exchequer Domesday ^ f. 104, and 104^. 

•f-Tindart Rapin with Vcrtue's plates. 2 vols, folio, 1736, v. I., p. 170. 

t Tata de Nemlley v. I,, p. 836. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 47 

attesting clause at the end is as follows : ^^ Hiis testibus. 
Willo de Lumine. Ricardo de la Bushee. S'lone de la Bushee. 
Bsutholomeo le Poher. Rog'o de Dalediche. Joh'e de Cothes. 
Windone de Agenle. Richardo, Capellano de Sidemuhe 
[Sidmouth]. Phillipo, Cl'ico de Articumb [Yarcombe]. Ric** de 
la Porte. Tholomeo, fFratre eius. Johe, clico. t multis aliis." 

The intimate proximity in which two members of the 
Bushee, Bussei, or Bussi &mily stood with Bartholomew le 
Poher, or Poer, in a document of a private, yet important 
nature, between Britellus Jowas and the Monks, may suggest 
that they were persons of substance and of reputation in this 
part of Devonshire. I have not met with their names, 
except in this single instance, and therefore cannot say whether 
they held lands in this neighbourhood or not. The murder did 
not take place until about the year 1 220, and possibly a decade 
or more subsequent to the execution of the above deed. The 
son and grandson of Bartholomew le Poer were both called 
Roger, and a Ro?er le Poer is one of the appellants against 
Dacheford, the Kmg's writ being dated May 28, 1220. The 
writ issued against Richard de la Bussei bears date July 10, of 
the same year, being 43 days after the other, and in this case 
one Richard le Poer is the accuser, and he claims the deceased 
Henry as one of his " cognati," or kinsfolk.* Having regard 
to these scraps of evidence, it is hard to divest oneself of the 
conviction that the murdered man was a member of the family 
at Poerhayes, and that the acquaintance with the Bussis was 
not a new one. I regret that I am not able to give the 
particulars of the trial, or the nature of the sentences that may 
have been passed on the accused ; for when I was engaged in 
making my researches, I was not pursuing that line of investi- 
gation. The Bussi Family seems to have been one of antiquity 
and position, and if a detailed Pedigree of it has not been made 
out, the undertaking is worthy of those who have the leisure 
and the opportunity. 

Sidmouth. P. O. Hutchinson. 

27. The Ashby-de-la-Launde Brass. — Among the 
brasses mentioned on p. 3 in your list of existing Sepulchral 
Brasses in Lincolnshire, is one at Ashby-de-la-Launde. But 
the memorial in question is not a brass, but a marble slab, 
which has been shattered, and only partly put together again. 

* ^ IIH soli, qui paterno genere nobis sunt conjundti, jignati vocantur ; Cognati etiam 
qui materno.'* (From my old Didionary. Author of passage not given.) 

1 have 

48 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

I have managed to decipher some more of the inscription, 
which consisted of four elegiac lines, the following being left. 
The words in Italics are additional to those given in your 
extrad from the Bishop of Nottingham's book. 

**Quis situs hac sub mole rogas? . • • 

Nunc decus in calo nomini 

Irtpida mors vita rapuit stat 

Sed mors quid potuit no ^ 

The "1" in nomini may be an "^"j but I cannot deted any 
trace of a cross stroke, nor is there any sign of an ** s,** though 
there is room for one on the slab. 

There is a modern brass in the Church so interesting that I 
send its inscription, though I should think it must have been 
published already. It is as follows : — ' 

"In memory of Col. Edward King M.P. of Ashby Hall, 
Lord of this Manor, who in the time of the Great 
Rebellion espoused the side of the Parliament, and 
became a prominent Commander in the Parliamentary 
Army. Living to deplore Its excesses, he sought to 
avert the danger that impended {sic.) his Majesty's 
person, and for these efforts was seized upon by Order 
of the House, Odober 21, 1648, as for an oflence 
^of dangerous consequence to the Army under Lord 
Fairfax,' and was cast into the Tower. 

Refusing to acknowledge the powers that followed, he 
resisted payment of taxes during all {sic) time of the 
Commonwealth. In January 1660 being returned to 
Parliament M.P. for Gk. Grimsby, he was (as related by 
the learned Dr. Calamy) the first in the House of Com- 
mons that moved for the Restoration of K. Charles IL 

The evening of his life was spent in tranquillity here, 
receiving and befriending the ejedled ministers until his 
death. He died a.d. 1680, and was buried with his 
ancestors in the Chancel of this Church. J.W.K. 
A.D. 1873." 

Ashby^e-la-Launde. W. T. Webb. 

28. Husbandman and Yeoman, (Vol. i. No. 243, p. 238.) 
— When such a learned authority as Mr. Everard Green states 
the difference between a " husbandman " and a " yeoman," it is 
with much diffidence that I venture to question his assertions. 
Though it is very probable that during the seventeenth century 


Uncohshire Notes & ^uerjes. ^i) 


the terms were often used interchangeaUy, I think it must 
be admitted that they did to some extent at all events convey 
an indication of a diirerent social status. So far as I have been 
aUe to form an opinion from a limited knowledge of seventeenth 
century documents, my view is exa£Uy opposite to that 
expressed in your pages. When written in the latin tongue 
we find yeoman or husbandman as firmarius^ agricola^ 
and colonus. The latter seems to include the other two. 
Firmarius defined in the Lexicon Manuale ad Scriptores media 
et infinue Latinitatis * as ^^ Cui terra conceditur ad terminum 
annorum " is I take it equivalent to a husbandman or as we 
should now say a tenant farmer. So far as classical latin goes 
one would translate agricola as husbandman, but in the dog-latin 
of two centuries ago I think it is intended to convey, as 
Ainsworth puts it, " a country man having some land of his 
own,** /./., a yeoman. I have frequently found the younger sons 
of gentle houses called ^ husbandmen," out not often " yeomen." 
A yeoman was, I take it, a man who farmed his own land for his 
living; a husbandman, in the seventeenth century parlance^ a 
man who rented somebody elses, and did the same thing. I 
should much like to learn the opinion of some of your corres- 
pondents whose local knowledge enables them to speak with 
more certainty than I can pretend to on this point. 

G. W. M. 

29. Monumental Inscriptions from other Counties 


BamacJtj Northamptonshire. Beneath J-rie Interr'd the 
Remains of | Katherine Mitchell (formerly Wife | of 
Richard Clapham Efq'. who | was alfo Interr'd near this 
place) I and late Wife to Rene Mitchell | late of Spalding in 
the County of | Lincoln Gent. She Departed this life | the 
24**" of March 1740 in the 68*** I Year of her Age | A pious 
Christian, a good Wife | Thofe pieafures which from Virtuous 
Deeds we have | Affords the sweeteft slumber in the grave. — 
[Nave Floor.] 

Pea^rk^ Northamptonshire. Hie | Sui quicquid mortale 
fiiit I reponi voluit. | Ricardus Ric. F.Cumberland A.M. Eccles: 
Petri Bur8;o Lincolnienfifq : Praeb: | Northamptoniae Archi- 
diaconus | Hujufce Ecclefiae Triginta plus annos. | Paftor 
dignifsimus. | V ir pietate erga Deum | liberalitate erga pauperes 

• W. H. Maigne d'Arnit, Paris : ches J. P. Migne, 1866. 

Vol, 2, e I Humanitate 

50 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

I Humanitate ergo omnes: Spectatifsimus ; | Obiit Decembris 

die 24: A.D. 1737. | Suaeq: -flEtatis 63. | Monumentum hoc, 

Ipfius Elizaeq^: Conjugis Idilectifsimae | Memoriae facrum, 

Maerens pofuit Filius, | Dcnifon Cumberland | J: Hunt. 

North***": Fecit J [Arms: a chevron, in chief 3 wolves' 

heads erased. North wall of Sacrarium.] 

Adaxeyj Northamptonshire, Here Lyes Interrd the Body of 
I M" Anna Maria Austin | Relict of Charles Stamford I 
of Church Hall Gent | and late Wife of the Reverend | M' 
Richard Austin | Rector of West Deeping J who departed this 
life I the 10 day of Auguft | in the year or our Lord 1730 | 
aged 63 years | [Floor of North Chapel]. 

Teterboroughy St. John Baptist. Near this place lye the 
bodies of | John Wyldbore Esq'. I and Elizabeth his Wife: 
I he was for many years an able and | usefuU magistrate of this 
liberty | and died on the twenty seventh day | of Oct': 1755. 
aged eighty one years. | he married Elizabeth, daughter of I 
Noah Neale of Stamford in the | County of Lincoln Esq': | A 
Woman of great piety charity and humility | who dyed on the | 
third day of May 1748. | aged sixty seven years. | they had 
several children | three of whom survived them | Frances wife 
of Henrv Southwell | of Wisbech in the County of I Cambridge 
Esq': Elizabeth, wife of | Robert Curtis of Stamford Esq': I 
and Matthew to whose memory the | opposite monument is 
erefted | [N. Wall of North Aisle, with Arms: a fess 
between 2 wild boars passant, impaling at the top.] 

Etton^ Northamptonshire. Sacred to the Memory | of John 
Edgson, I late of Stamford Gent ; | uncle to Jane Sanderson of 
this Place, | who died April the 6^: 181 9, | Aged 68 years. I 
whose life was spent in acts | of benevolence. | [Capitals 
mural. N.A.] 

Torl(, St. Martin le Qrand. Near this place lies Interred the 
Body of Will: Dobson Esq who was | Lord Mayor of this 
City in the Year 1729 which truft | he difcharged with great 
Integrty | He married Eliz the Daughter I of Crest: 
Tancred of I Whesley Efq in this County | by whom he 
had Ifsue one Son | and four Daughters Ann the onely 
surviving Child married to W™. Burrill-Massingberd of 
South Ormsby in | Lincolnshire Efq | He was a tender 
Hufband an indulgent | Parent a good Chriftian a worthy 
Friend | a good mafter and departed this life | with great refig- 
nation the 31 of July | 1749 aged 76 j [Mural. North Aisle.] 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^tferks. 


Tsrkj St, Aiartin cum Gregory. Sacred to the | Memory of 
I the Rev*. Robert Benson M:A: | Vicar of Heckington in 
the county of Lincohi | he bore a lingering illness and | acute 
sufferings | with Christian fortitude and resignation, | and 
departed this life | at his house in Micklegate [on the i**: of 
January 1822. aged 66. | this tablet is erected and inscribed | 
by his mournful widow ; | as a lasting and grateful tribute | to 
the memory of a kind husband. | [Capitab, Mural. N. Aisle, 
with Arms: on a bend cottised, 3 trefoils slipped, impaling a 
bend between 6 escallops. Crest: a bear's head muzzled, 
erased. Motto: " Inconcussa virtus.**] 

Gainford Ficarage^ Darlington, R. H. Edleston. 

{To be continued.) 

30. Sheep Shearing Numbers. — In Mr. Peacock's 
Glossary of Words used in the Wapentakes of Manley and Corring^ 
ham^ and published for the English Dialedl Society last year, 
the following numerals are given on p. 636: 




Yan a dik 




Tan a dik 




Tethera dik 



Pethera dik 








Yan a bumfit 




Tan a bumfit 




Tethera bumfit 




Pethera bumfit 




Figgit (or jixit) 

Mr. Peacock tells us that the above ^^ were used for sheep 
shearing," and " were employed in this part of the county at 
the beginning of the present century. This particular list was 
got from an old shepherd at Wintringham, who ran through 
the numbers very rapidly, making a slight pause at every fifth 
word. There is evidence that they were known at Appleby 
and several other places." I would suggest that this method 
of counting is really a survival of the Keltic amongst us. 
The Welsh numerals run as follows: — 

























7 Seyth 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^geries. 






























7 Scyth 17 Dewaipumptheg 

8 Wyth 18 Triarpumptheg 

9 Naw 19 Pedwarapuinptheg(orDinau} 
10 Deg 20 Ugain 

Of course the words in Mr. Peacock's list are spelt phonetically, 
and their resemblance to the Webh is brought out more clearly 
when the latter are spoken. To me they sound very muco 
like this: — 











The pronunciation for 4, 5, 14, 15, 19 is almost identical, 
while the resemblance in some other cases is remarkable. A 
stronger argument for the identity of these Lincolnshire 
numerals with the Keltic, and especially with the Welsh, is seen 
in the curious and somewhat awkward way of composing the 
numbers between 15 and 20. Even in the Old Cornish and 
Armoric this was avoided. The former uses the following: — 
Un, dew, try (also tyr), peswar, pymp, whe, seyth, eath, 
nau, dek, ednack, dewtheg, tartheg (also trethek), puzwatheg, 
pymtheg, huettag (also whettack), seitag, eatag, nawnsack, 
i^nz. [Edwin Norris, A Sketch of Cornish Grammar. 
Oxford. 1859]. In Gaelic the numerals go thus: — ^aon, da, 
tri, ceithir, coig, se, seachd, ochd, naodh, deich, and up to 19 
these are repeated with the addition of deug; 20 is fichead. 
[J. Forbes, Principles of Gaelic Grammar. Edinburgh. 1 848.] 
And those used in Ireland are very similar. Fichead (which 
in Irish is fichid) is, it may be noted, very much like figgit; 
but the Gaelic use of c to replace p in 4 and 5 destroys any 
identification of the old Lincolnshire numerals with this 
branch of the Keltic Tongue. Lethera, hovera, and covera do 
not perhaps fall in easily with this theory, but some reader of 
Lincolnshire Notes and ^eries may be able to supply another 
list which giving slight variations may furnish some missing 

G, G. W. 


Lincolnskire Notes & Queries. 53 

3 1 . Leake and Le verton Advowson. — ^Amonest a large 
number of old deeds, chiefly charters conveying small portions 
of land in Gtinby, Bratoft, &c^ at Gunby Hall, and which 
have been there, or at Bratoft Hall, for many years, I find the 
following, which seems of more general interest. 


Grymkd primtit conquettor teaitit GrTinkelt firtt acquirer, held hit lands 

terns snas de Lek et Ler'ton fuit uxoratus of Leake and Leveiton, was married, and 

et persona ntriusque ecdcsiae tota vita sua. Parson of both Churches for his whole 

nie idem Grjrmkei habuit filium et life. He, the same Grymkel, had a son 

hercdem Swaynyng nomine fuit uxoratus and heir, Swaynyi^ by name, who was 

ci persona utriusque ecclesiae de Lek et married, and Parson of both Churches of 

Ler'ton tota rita sua, Didus Swaynyng Leake and Levcrton for his whole life, 

habnit filium et heredem Ricardum The said Swaynyng had a son and heir, 

nomine capellannm uxoratnm personam Richard by name, Chaplain, married, 

didamm ecclesiarum et tenuit ess tota and Parson of the said churches, and he 

▼ita sua. Didus vero Ricardus habuit held them for his whole life. The said 

filium et heredem Lucam nomine qui Richard had a son and heir, Luke by 

tenuit totam 'heredltatem cum advocatio- name, who held the whole inheritance 

mbns didamm ecclesiarum fuit capellanus with the Advowsons of the said Churches } 

uxoratus. Dictus vcro Lucas ante he was a Chaplain and married. The 

mortem suam dedit medietatem ecclesiae said Luke, before his death, gaye the 

de Ler'ton cnidam capellano Osgoto moiety of the Church of Leverton to a 

nomine ad terminum vitse didi Osgoti certain Chaplain, Osgot by name, for 

pro quadam dissensione quse iuerat mota the term of the life of the said Osgot, 

inter didum Osgotum et fratrem suum on account of a certain dissension which 

ex parte una et didum Lucam ex parte arose between the uid Osgot and his 

alia. £t quum firater didi Osgoti in ilia brother of the one part and the said Luke 

dissensione fuerat nmtiUtus ea de causa of the other part. And when the 

didam medietatem eccleaise de LeVton brother of the uid Osgot was ruined 

eidem Osgoto qui fuerat sicut dominus in that dissension, for that cause he 

fratris sui concessit in forma supradidta. granted in the form above the said moiety 

Sed nee terras nee tenementa eidem of the Church of Lererton to the same 

Osgoto dedit. Didns Tero Osgotus Osgot, who was as lord of his brother* 

habuit quemdam filium et quatuor filias But he gave neither lands nor tenements 

qui milium jus sibi vendicabant in dida to Osgot. The said Osgot had a son 

medietate eoelcsic quarum una quae fuit and four daughters, who claimed to 

majoria aetatis habuit quemdam filium themselyes no right in the uid moiety of 

Tohannem nomine qui dixit se habere jus the Church, of whom one daughter, who 

m jure patronatoa d\6tm medietatis ecclesiae was the elder, had a son, John bv name, 

de LeVton eo quod dicebat quod didua who said that he had rignt in tne right 

Osgotus ei legsTit in testamento jus of patronage of the said moiety of the 

patronatus. Heredes vcro didi Luce Church of Leverton, for that he said 

prcsentaverunt et per contentionem inter that the said Osgot left to him in his 

heredes didt Luce et didum Johannem will the right of patronage* But the 

ortam super jure patronatus tempore heirs of the said Luke presented \ and on 

vacationis fnit lapsum. Sede Line, account of the contention that arose 

vacante contulit Archiepiscopus didam between the heirs of the said Luke and 

medietatem propter lapsum temporis. the said John about the right of patronage 

Didus vero clericus post 'admiwionem in the time of the vacancy there was a 

iuam infra annum resignavit. Archi- lapse. The See of Lincoln was vacant, 

episcopus vero sede Line, vacante ut prius and the Archbishop conferred the said 

contulit didam medietatem ecclesise de moietv because of the lapse of time. 

Lev'ton Archidiacono Salisburiensi. Post But the said Clerk, within a year after 

dccessum Archidiaconi quum didus his admission, resigned. The Archbishop, 

Johannes propendebat quod nullum jus the See of Lincoln being vacant as before, 


54 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

habuit in di^ medieUte ecclesue concenit conferred the said moiety of the Church of 
JQS Buum li quid habuit Abbati et conventui Leverton on the Archdeacon of Salisbury, 
de Waltham elapsis quinquaginta annis et After the decease of the Archdeacon, when 
parum plus. Heredes vero di^i Luce qui the said John knew that he had no right in 
habuerunt terras et tenementa ad que the said moiety of the Church, he granted 
spe^bat jua patronatus di6lae mcdietatis his right, if he had anv, to the Abbot 
ccclesiae qui fuerunt mtnoris aetatis and Convent of Waltham, fifty years 
impotentes ad prosequendum jus suum having passed and rather more. But the 
propter potentiam Abbatis qt conventus de heirs of the said Luke, who had the 
Waltham et ideo omiserunt prosequi, lands and tenements, to which pertained 
Postea vero Abbas et conventus present- the right of patronage of the said moiety 
averunt bis vel ter. In ultima tamen of the Church, were under age, and 
presentatione Abbatis et Conventus powerless to prosecute their right because 
Robertus de Grymescroft opposuit se of the power of the Abbot and Convent 
dicens quod presentatio ad ipsum spe^abat of Waltham, and so they omitted to 
eo quod habuit et tenuit tenementa ad que prosecute. Afterwards the Abbot and 
sped^abat dida advocatio. Clericus vero Convent presented twice or thrice, 
presentatus per Abbatem diffidens de jure However in the last presentation of the 
suo composuit cum eodem Roberto ne Abbot and Convent, Robert de Grymes- 
impediret suam institutionem ilia vice et croft opposed himself, saying that the 
promisit eidem duo dolea vini unum presentation belonged to him, for that he 
recepit et aliud in respe^m posuit. £t had, and held, the tenements to which 
quia predi^s Robertus jacuit in le^o the said Advowson pertained. But the 
mortali et non habuit jus patronatus nee Clerk presented by the Abbot, diffident 
medietatem unius sororis ideo facilius of his right, made a compromise with 
annuit petitionem di^i derici. Postea the same Robert, that he should not 
vero Matilda reli^ didti Roberti de impede his institution that turn, and he 
Grymescroft habuit et nunc habet totum promised him two hogsheads of wine, 
jua utriusque sororis in terris et tene- one he received, and the other he put in 
mentis et advocationibus et omnibus aliis respite. And because the said Robert 
pertinentibis. Propter quod dominus laid on his death -bed, and had not the 
Symon de Kyma et Matilda uxor ejusdem right of patronage nor the moiety of one 
et Nicholaus filius et heres Robert! de sister, therefore hethe more easily assented 
Grymescroft dicunt totum jus totius to the petition of the said Clerk. But 
patronatus ad ipsos et ad heredes eorum- afterwards Maud, the reli6l of the said 
dem pertinere debere. Robert de Grymescroft, had, and now has, 

the whole right of both sisters in the lands, 
tenements, advowsons, and all other 
appurtenances. Therefore Sir Symon de 
Kyme and Maud his wife, and Nicholas 
son and heir of Robert de Grymescroft say 
that the whole patronage ought to belong 
to them and their heirs. 

This Statement of claim, which is in the handwriting of the 
reign of King Edward I., takes us back to Saxon times. 
According; to Leland (Thompson's Boston^ p. 554), John, the 
son of Aiward de Leverton, gave the Church of St. Helena, 
at Leverton, to the Abbey of Waltham in the reign of 
Henry IL This appears to be the John, grandson of Osgot, 
who granted to the Abbey the moiety of the said Church ; 
and, if so, we may safely conclude that Grymkel ^^ the first 
acquirer," and probably Swaynyng also, lived before the 
Conquest. The Bishops' Registers conclusively prove that 
this document corredUy states that only a moiety of the 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. ^^ 

Church of Leverton was granted to the Abbey, for it is to a 
moiety that the Abbey and Convent present. Grymkel and 
his descendants, Incumbents of Leake and Leverton, seem to 
have resided at Leverton, for it is there that Domesday Book 
tells us there was ^ a Priest and a Church." Several questions 
occur to one's mind as one reads this document and compares 
it with Thompson's History of Boston and the Hundred of 
Sl(irbec\. Who was this Sir Simon dc Kyme who married the 
widow of Grymescroft ? He is not mentioned by Dugdale or 
Thompson, but in the Harleian Charter, 52 H. 30, Sir William 
de Kyme, Knt., grants to Sir Simon de Kyme, his uncle, for 
his life, lands in Stanyggod, a.d. 1321. This seems to shew 
that the above Sir Simon de Kyme was son of William and 
Lucia de Roos, the father of Philip, whose son William, the 
grantor of the charter, was the last Baron Kyme of his name. 

In Bishop Gravesend's Rolls I find that m 1272 John and 
Gilbert, sons of Thomas de Riegesbi, presented to the portion 
of the Church of Leake which was held by Hugh the last 
Re<%or. And that, after a law suit, Robert de Lek and John 
de Riggebi presented to the moiety of the Church of Leverton. 
In 1294 Ranulph de Metheringham, chaplain, was presented 
by Nicholas son and heir of Robert de Grimescroft, and 
Sir Simon de Kyme and Maud his wife, relid of the said 
Robert, by reason of her dower, to the moiety of the Church 
of Leake, which Master Clement de Lek last held of the 
presentation lof the said Robert, vacant by the death of the 
said Clement. And on December 4th of the same year the 
same Ranulph was admitted to the other moiety on the present- 
ation of Simon de Kyme and Maud his wife in right of Maud, 
in obedience to writs from the King's Court at Westminster 
after suits against Thomas de Riggesbi and Simon and Walter 
his brothers, John fflory and Amicia his wife, and against 
John de Hawley (Haule), of Covenham, and Richard Bacun. 
On the death of Ranulph, Nicholas son of Robert de Leek 
presented Walter de Spalding, subdeacon, to the Church of 
Leake, and Sir Simon de Kyme, knt., and Maud his wife, 
Geoffrey de Hegham, clerk, when the King's writ declares that 
Nicholas has recovered his right. 

The Testa de Nevill states that Thomas de Riggesby and 
Gilbert de Riggesby held land in Leverton (Thompson's 
Boston)j and Gilbert also held in Leake. In 131 3 the King 
granted to Nicholas de Lek free warren over his lands in 
LttJce and Leverton, and the same to Nicholas de Grymescroft 


56 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

of Leek in 1331. (Thompson, p. 551.) Does it not then 
seem probable that there was a femily connection between the 
Riggesbys, Leeks, and Grymescroft's, who all claimed rights 
in the patronage which had been Luke's, and possessed lands 
in Leake and Leverton, some of which they may have 
inherited from him ? 

The following notes from the Bishop's Registers at Lincoln 
carry on the history. 

^^ Sir Nicholas de Leek, Knt., presents to the moiety of the 
Church of Leverton in 1321." 

^^Lady Isabel, relidl of Sir Nicholas de Leek, Knt^ presents 
to the Church of Leake in 1 332." 

^^In 1 36 1 and in 1371 Matthew de Leek presents to the 
moiety of the Church of Leverton." 

"In 1373, Andrew de Leek presents." 

"In 1366, the Church of Leake is appropriated to the 
Cantilupe Chantry at Lincoln." 

The Abbot and Convent of Waltham (in Essex) presented 
to the moiety of the Church of Leverton in 1241, in 1270, in 
1323, in 1395, and in 151 5, so that it is clear that the heirs 
of Luke were unable to establish their right against the power 
of the Abbey. 

It will be seen how this adds to our knowledge of the 
history of Leake and Leverton, and probably a search at the 
Record Office for the numerous law suits mentioned would 
clear up some of the difficulties. But for many of us the 
special interest of this document will be found in the h&. it 
states, that four successive Redtors of Leake and Leverton, in 
the nth and I2th centuries, were married, and, as owners of 
the advowsons. handed on, in every case but the last, the 
livings they held to their sons. 


notes on this subject and hope shortly to publish them. The 
following is, as &r as I know, a complete list of all the rood- 
screens m the county, and I should be very glad if any reader 
would give me any additions to it : Addlethorpe, Bennington, 
Billinghay, Bratoft, Coates (by Stow), Cockerington (South), 
Croft, Digby, Ewerby, Fishtoft, Falkingham, Frampton, 
Gedney, Grimoldby, Hale (Great), Helpringham, Keal (West), 
Kirkby (East),Kirlcby Laythorpe, Leverton, Lusby, Osbournbyj 
Partney, Pinchbeck (East), Saltileetby (All Saints), Saxilby 


Lincolnihire Notes & Queries. 57 

Scrivebby, Silk Willoughby, SIcaford, Stamford (St. John's), 
Swaton, Tallington, Tattershall, Theddlethorpe, Thorpe 
St, Peter's, Torrington (West), Welby, Wellingore and 

James Street^ Lincoln. E. Mansel Sympson, M.A. 

33. A Louth Duel, Legard >. Bolls. — Sir John Coke, 

Knight (born 1553, ^^^^ ^^44)> ^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ Principal 
Secretaries to King Charles I., from September, 1625, to 
January, 1639-40. The following article is a transcript of a 
petition to the King, now among the papers preserved at 
Melbourne Hall, Derbyshire. It has no date or signature: 
but it doubtless came to the hands of Sir John Coke, as 
Principal Secretary. There is no intimation of the result of 
the petition. Can any reader of this article furnish information 
respefting the persons mentioned in it ? 

" To the Kings most Excellent Majcs*3^ 

The humble petition of Robert Legard Esq' 
Humbly sheweth that upon the 14th of April last 
John Legard your petitioner's second son being at 
Louth in theCountv of Lincoln upon necessary 
business one Mr. Richard Bolls came into his 
company, a man altogether unknown to your 
petitioner's son, but hearing him called Bolls the said 
John Legard asked what Bolls it was, saying if it 
was Bolls of Gaton he ought him a debt of 40^^. 
Some of the company told him it was son of him of 
Gaton, who was dead: thereupon Legard told 
Mr. Bolls there was a debt of 40^ owing by his 
father to one Mr. Brampton which Legard said was 
now due to him. Bolls replied Brampton ought his 
father 100 marks for which he had a statute and 
judgment upon it. Legard said he never heard of 
any such thing. Bolls said it was true, and that 
Brampton was a base fellow and a footman. Legard 
said if he was a footman it was to a Queen and 
that Brampton was a gent as well descended as 
himself for ought he knew. Bolls said he lied : Legard 
thereupon stroke him. Mr. Bolls dared him to hght 
with him and called him Coward and Schoolboy. 
Legard accepted to fight with him and presently 
went together into a pit a little out of town to fight, 


58 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

no body being with them but one Jackson an 
acquaintance and friend of Mr. Bolls, who followed 
after him with his sword. Legard fought in his 
riding coat with a little stick in his left hand. A 
smith dwelling near the place seeing them draw their 
swords came to part them with a stafi^ but Jackson 
would not suffer him, but took the staff from him and 
with it stroke Legard's stick out of his hand, as he 
was fighting. Legard hurt Mr. Bolls in the shoulder 
slightly at the first encounter, and then they breathed ; 
and at a second pass Legard hurt him in the right 
arm, and then they breathed again. Legard took up 
his stick again intending to have left, but Jackson 
stroke the same out of his hand again with his 
sword as he was fighting. Notwithstanding Legard 
hurt Mr. Bolls that time likewise in the arm, aU of 
them being slight wounds and noways dangerous. 
Legard seeing Mr. Bolls hurt moved to leave, saying 
they had done enough and that he hoped he had 
satisfied Mr. Bolls: but Mr. Bolls replied he was a 
Coward. Legard said No he hoped he had satisfied 
him otherwise, but said Mr. Bolls was hurt therefore 
he wished him to leave which Mr. Bolls seemed to 
condescend unto. But Jackson said to Mr. Bolls 
I pray thee Dick one bout more for my sake. 
Whereupon Mr. Bolls would needs fight again, and 
the place being strait where they fought and 
compassed with high hills Legard went bacK till he 
had almost fallen on the hill, Mr. Bolls striking 
violently at him, it was Legard's unfortunate hap to 
hurt Mr. Bolls on the right side: whereupon 
Mr. Bolls being ready to fall Legard said Woe is me 
I have done too much ; and Mr. Bolls about half an 
hour after died, but did before his death confess it 
was his own seeking and that he followed of his own 

Whereupon the Coroners inquest being taken 
the next day upon sight of the body and examination 
of witnesses found that your petitioner's said son had 
committed manslaughter in killing the said Mr. Bolls. 

Your petitioners umble suit unto your sacred 
Majesty is that your Majesty would gratiously 
commiserate the sorrow of a father and vouchsafe 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^^ries. 59 

your royal pardon to the said John Legard his son 
for the said ofience of manslaughter and all penalties 
into which thereby he is liable, the rather for that 
your petitioner's said son hath hitherto lived in a hir 
and peaceable manner without the stain of any open 
crime, and may hereafter be able as he is most bound 
to serve your Majesty in the duty and faith of an 
obedient and loving subject/' 

Melbmrne HalL, "Derby. W. D. Fane. 

34, "Poor Jeanie" and Kirton Jail. — Can any of 
your readers throw light on the following curious occurrence? 
Many years ago some labourers, going to their work near the 
Lincolnshire coast in the early morning, discovered a girl tied 
to a tree ; almost all her clothing had been taken from her, and 
she was raving mad. It was afterwards ascertained that at 
about the same hour, a strange boat had been seen putting; off 
from the shore. The girl was young and beautiful, and her 
manners and appearance those of a lady. She spoke with a 
Scotch accent, giving herself the name of "Poor Jeanie," but 
she never recovered her reason, or was able to give any account 
of herself There being, I suppose, no pauper lunatic asylums 
in those days, she was sent to Kirton Jail, where she lived and 
died. Ladies in the town used to visit her, and she was gentle 
and tradable, except on one occasion when an officer in uniform 
entered her cell, and she became wildly excited, screaming, 
"Saddle the horses, and away with him"! It was imagined by 
some that she was a Scotch heiress, who had been spirited away 
by her relations. 

I am told that the Laureate, or one of his brothers, has 
alluded to the event in an early poem. 

My information came from the great niece of one of the 
ladies who befriended "poor Jeanie" during her sojourn in 
Kirton Jail, but I cannot ascertain the exact date; it seems 
certain however, that it happened between 1780 and 1810. 

E. T. T. 

35. Place Names. — I shall be grateful for information as 
to the probable meaning and derivation of the following names 


6o Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

by which lands in this and the adjoining parish have been 
known for many years, viz. : The Slea Syke^ The Carr^ Temple 
Spang [ue.f Temple Brewer), Chamberlain^s Wong^ The Pingle^ 
The Gatchpole^ Cumberland^ The Salt Closey The Thurn^ 
Milldffvu Gars. 

Wellingore^ Qrantham. J. Fernie. 

36. Family and Arms of West. — Can any reader of 
Lines. N, ^ J^. give some account of the family and arms borne 
by Wests, who seemed to have held some position in Lincoln- 
shire, and allied themselves with the Grantham, Quadring, 
Roche, ToyclifFe, and other families in the fourteenth and 
fifteenth centuries? John West is described as of "Norketts." 
Where is Norketts? Is there any known pedigree of the 
family? Where did they live, and what arms did they bear? 

Frampton HalL^ near Boston. C. T. J. Moore. 

37. Lincolnshire M.P.'s. — tdnthony JHyssenden^ M.P. for 
Lincoln, 1541-2. The Returns for Lincolnshire— county, 
city, and boroughs — to the Parliament which met 1 6th January, 
1 541 -2, till 28th March, 1544, are all lost. But on the 8th 
November, 1542, a writ was ordered for Lincoln City, "loco 
Anthonii Myssenden, servientis ad legem, defunfti.** Who 
was this Anthony Myssenden, who must have been eleded at 
the General Election in the January previously ? Among the 
Sergeants- at-Law I find a James Messenden, who received the 
Coif in Trinity Term, 1540, but no Anthony occurs in the 
List. An "Anthony Messenden" was admitted to Grays Inn 
in 1 521. Doubtless he was the after Lincoln Member. 

W. D. Pink. 

38. Family of Fletcher. — Can any of your readers 
kindly oblige by giving me any information about any family 
of the name of Fletcher in the county of Lincoln? Some 
persons of the name have been settled at Gainsborough, and 
also at Morton and at Lea and at Marton near that town. 

330, Glassop Roady Sheffield. J. Carr Fletcher. 

39. Patronage of the Benefice of Langton-by- 
Horncastle. — ^The Bishop of Lincoln is Patron of this 
Benefice, by lapse; presenting to it for the first time in 1779. 
In 1708 the patronage was vested in four persons^ Annie 


Lincolnshire Notes Gf Queries. 6i 

Trigg, Sarah Williams, Edward Williams, John West. In 
1725 John Miller presented as executor. In 1746 Richard 
Heath and Thomas Williams presented. In 1779 the Bishop, 
by Capse. Can any one give any information as to who are 
the present representatives of Richard Heath and Thomas 
Williams above named ? 

There is a charity in the parish called ^^the Langton 
Hospital," which was founded bv the Rev. Willoughby West, 
of Kirkby-on-Bain, in 1690. As John West was one of the 
patrons of the Benefice in 1708 it would seem not unlikely 
that he belonged to the family of the founder of the charity. 

JLangton^by^HomcastU. J. Conway Walter. 

40. The Carr Dyke. — ^Is there any historic authority for 
the generally received statement that "The Carr Dyke is a 
Roman Work"? 

M. D. 

41. TiLL-BRiDGE Lane. — Is there any reason why 
Till-bridge Lane should commence on Ermine Street at a point 
five miles north of Lincoln, and not (as was undoubtedly the 
Roman custom) dire6l from the great adjacent Roman Station at 
Lincoln ? There must have been some cause for the deviation 
from the universal rule. 

M. D. 

42. Stdckworth Mill. — Can any information be afforded 
as to the origin or meaning of the name "Stockworth Mill" 
as applied to the Water Mill in the parish of Harrington ? The 
only authority I can find for it is the Ordinance Map, upon 
which the mill is so named. 

C. J. C. 


43. The Leverett Family (Vol. I., pp. 185, 218). — 
Thomas Elys, of Great Paunton, besides Grantham, co. Lincoln, 
Merchant of the Staple of Calais, in his will dated 20th April, 
36 Henry VIII. (1545), proved 30th July, 1546, in P.C.C. 
names, inter alia^ his son "Richard Cony dec, one of the exors. 
of my godsons, Symon Leverett, of Grantham, draper, and 
Henry Leverett his brother." 

Stamford, Justin Simpson. 


62 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

44. Lincoln Mint (Vol. II., p. 25). — Col. Moore has 
favoured me with a sieht of the coin found at Frampton to 
which he refers in your last number. I fear, however, it throws 
no light whatever upon the question he raises as to the existence 
of a mint at Lincoln at a period later than the reign of 
Edward I. The coin in question I find to be a penny of 
Edward II., struck at Canterbury. The legend is much worn, 
but without the slightest doubt it originally read + edwar' r' 
ANGL* DNS* AYB., rtv. civi TAS CANTOR. The question 
therefore remains as before. 

Spalding. Marten Perry. 

Memb. Numis. Soc, Pret., S.6.S. 

45. Obsolete Words in Cony Estate Book (Vol. I., 
No. 241). — Kimnelles {p, 232). I have seen this described as 
^^a shallow tub, about six inches deep, to work butter in," 
as well as for the purpose described in the note. 

Sileing dish (ibid.) This I have seen spelt "soiling" bowl, 
probably from its freeing the milk from hairs, small pieces of 
straw, ccc, that fall into the pail while milking. 

Keeler (p. 233). I have heard a small tub of upright staves, 
one of which is lengthened to form the handle, called a " keeler," 
and used to ladle the wort from the copper, or from vessel to 
vessel. When the wort is boiled, and ladled into the hop sieve 
to strain, the action described as "keeling off now." 

Revesby. Josh. Walker. 


The Writings of Richard Bernard^ of Epworth^ Worksop^ and 
Batcombe, A Bibliography, By John Ingle Dredge, Vicar 
of Buckland Brewer, Devon. [Motto.] Lincolnshire 
Bibliographies, No. I. Horncastle: W. K. Morton. 1890. 
4to., pp. 26. [Seventy-five copies privately printed.] 

In vol. i., p. 106, we had an interesting note on Richard 
Bernard, 1568--1641, by Mr. John K. Johnson, of Epworth, 
and this has now been followed up by an able Bibliography of 
Richard Bernard's Works, by the Rev. J. Ingle Dredge, who 
has with immense pains brought together an exceedingly 
interesting and instruftive collcftion. This bibliography of an 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries ^ 63 

Epworth man, and the first of a proposed series of Lincoln- 
shire Bibliographies to be brought out by the publisher of 
Lines. N. & J^., deserves the highest praise, not only on 
account of the accuracy of its description, but also as the first 
attempt to bring inco one focus the quaint and curious works 
which were issued by this early seventeenth century writer. 

The Lost Towns of the Humher; with an Introductory Chapter 
on the ^Roman Geography of South Sast TorJ(shire. By J. R. 
Boyle, FlS-A. Hull: Brown & Sons. 1889. 410 and 8vo., 
pp. xii., 102. 

We make it a practice to confine our notices of books to 
those which relate to Lincolnshire only. Our readers will 
perhaps pardon us for dire£ting their attention to this interest- 
ing book on the Lost Towns of the Humber. That muddy 
estuary belongs as much to us as to our Yorkshire neighbours. 
The lost towns all of them existed on the northern side. If 
Lincolnshire has lost any, their history has not at present been 
worked out. 

Mr. Boyle's compilation contains a very interesting account 
of the litigation between the ports of Ravenspurn and Grimsby, 
which cannot hil to be of special interest to the Lincolnshire 
topographer. Although the sea, in some localities, has made 
great encroachments on our Lincolnshire Coast, the destruction 
done on the Yorkshire coast has been of a much wider and 
more desolating character. Mr. Boyle has colle6led from the 
Chronicle of Meaux and from many other records in the Public 
Record Office much useful information. We believe that 
diligent research would supply much more information as to 
the state of the Humber and the villages that adjoin it, both on 
the Lincolnshire and Yorkshire sides. If ever an expansive 
work be written on the subject Mr. Boyle's compilation will be 
found useful. 

Notes on the Visitation of Lincolnshire^ 1634. By A. Gibbons. 
Printed for Subscribers only. Part I. Lincoln, 1890. Pp. 20. 

Lincolnshire men, and all taking an interest in the History 
of our County, should certainly support Mr. Gibbons in this 
last venture of his, since it is beyond question that Mr. Gibbons 
has been doing, and is doing, a good work, in gathering up all 
fragments of a genealogical nature, relating to Lincolnshire 
folk of the 1 7th century, that come in his path, and in printing 


64 Lincolnshire Nates & Queries. 

them, together with such pedigrees of the Heralds' Visitation, 
made in the year 1 634, as he is able at times to do, and this 
chiefly through the kindness of Dr. Marshall, Rouge Croix 
Tursuivante of Arms of the Heralds' College, whose great 
interest in the history of our Shire never seems to slumber. 

In Part L Mr. Gibbons prints five Visitation pedigrees, 
namely : — 

Rosseter of Somerby, 

Gedney of Ancaster, 

Kent of Langton juxta Horncastle, 

Clipsham of Cadby, and 

Upton of Northolme, 
and these are enriched with extrafb from Charters, Wills, and 
Letters of Administration, as well as with evidences or proofs 
from Parish Registers, and Marriage Licences, etc., etc. 

Each of the twenty pages of the first part is of interest, and 
the only statement we doubt is that the name of the Bishop of 
Bath and Wells, who married the sister of William Kent of 
Langton, juxta Horncastle, was " Still " {Fide page 11). The 
Bishops of that See were not few in number in the 17th 
century, but the Still pedigree is well known, and certainly the 
mother of Bishop Still's children was not a member of the Kent 
family. The authority given for this "Still" Statement is the 
opinion of the late Mr. de Havilland, York Herald, who was 
an excellent herald but a poor genealogist, and it would have 
amused him, not a little, to have seen himself quoted as an 
authority on a vexed question of genealogy, a subje6l as he 
always said he left to others whose eyes were uncultured, and 
who had no artistic sense.* 

Mr. Gibbons besides giving us twenty pages of "notes" is 
generous enough to give (his first sixty subscribers) eight 
additional pages (with a separate pagination) in which he 
begins a list of Wills and Administrations in the C^urt of the 
Dean and Chapter of Lincoln^ 1 534-1 780, the importance and 
use of which cannot be over-estimated by those, who as 
Camden says are "not desirous to be strangers in their own 

Mr. Gibbons is not an hour too soon in colleding and 
printing his notes, and we only trust that his subscribers will 
soon be counted by hundreds. 

* Mr. de Havilland, by way ofafelogy often quoted Lord Tennyson's line in EmcJk 
Jtrden : — '* ^Jungt seen are mtghtiet than thingt heard^ and never wearied of pointing out 
that Cardinal Newman, in his Dream ofGerwtms^ speaks of sight as **tiefrmcely seme," 








' m. 



A.D. 1216. 


Notes & Queries. 

RANT OF Grimsby to William de 

HUNTINGFIELD, HarUtati Charter 43 B 

37, British Museum. — The rebel Barons 

having agreed to elcft Louis, son of 

Philip 11. of France, king of England, 

sent the Earl of Winchester and Robert 

Fitz Walter imploring his father to send 

him to reign in England. His landing at Stonar and the 

success of his arms at first are fully described by Mathew Pans, 

as is also his subsequent defeat at Lincoln in 1217. We have 

it recorded that peace was formed between the king and the 

Barons, 4 May, 1 21 7, in the County of Lincohi, Holland was 

the first part of Lincolnshire to submit, and after its submission 

Louis returned to Dover which he had left untaken. King 

John died on the tiJth of October, 1216, whiist Louis was 

besieging that place. After appealing in vain to Hubert de 

Burgh to surrender Dover C^tle, he raised the siege and 

returned to London; but, about this time Viscount deMellun 

had revealed Louis' intention of granting the possessions of the 

English Barons to Frenchmen, and this charter, of which a 

facsimile is given, was most probably granted in consequence of 

this revelation. Grimsby had not been taken, so that the 

grant was premature. On the 12th November, 1216, Louis 

laid siege to Hertford Castle and reduced it on the 6th of 


Vol. 2. — Part 3. f translation. 

66 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 


"Louis,* the first born of the lord the king of France. 
Let all, present and future equally, know that we have 
given and granted, and by this present charter have 
confirmed to our very dear and faithful William de 
Huntingfield, for his homage and service, the vill of 
Grimsby, with all liberties, free customs, and all other 
appurtenances, in ways, in paths, in meadows and 
pastures. To hold and to have to him and to his heirs 
of us and our heirs freely and quietly, until we shall 
have assigned to the same lOO libratesf of land elsewhere. 
To hold of us hereditarily by the service of two knights. 
And when we shall have assigned the aid lOO librates 
of land to the said William the aforesaid vill of Grimsby 
shall return to us from the said William and his heirs. 
Which [deed], that it may be firm and stable, we have 
caused the present leaf to be strengthened by the 
protedion of our seal. Witnesses. The Earl of 
Winchester; Robert Fitz Walter; Ursion Cam'; 
Viscount Meleduni ; Master Simon de Langton ; Guy 
de Attheiis; Oliver de Vaux; Maurice de Gant; and 
many others. 

Made in the siege of Hertford, A.D. 1216, on the 21st 
day of November, [i Hen. III.]" 
William de Huntingfield in 10 John was one of the Itinerant 
Justices at Lincoln. In 1 7 John he took part with the rebel 
Barons, and was one of those appointed to enforce the observ- 
ance of Magna Charta. In the same year all his lands in 
Lincolnshire were seized by the king and granted to Nichola 
de Haya; but as the manor of Claford, in Hants, was restored 
to him 21 June, 121 5, it is evident that he had returned to his 
allegiance for a time. On 23 June, 121 7, all his lands in 
Lincolnshire were granted to John Marshal, and on the date 
of this Charter we find him with the rebel army. Little more 
is known of him except that on 19th June, 1 219, he had set out 
. for the Holy Land, constituting his brother Thomas his attorney 
in all things which touched the crown and the sherifFin Norfolk 
and Suffolk. 

The witnesses. 
Saier de Quincy, created Earl of Winchester about 1210, 
one of the 25 Barons who signed Magna Charta. 

* Crowned at Louit VIII, 14 July, 1223. f ^C^^^ worth. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 67 

Robert Fitz Walter, styled "Marshal of the Army of God 
and Holy Church," by the Barons who obtained Magna Charta, 
and was one of those appointed to enforce its observance. 

Simon de Langton, only brother of Stephen, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, was deposed from the Archbishopric of York by 
the Pope, 20 Aug., 121 5. He was afterwards Archdeacon of 

Oliver ae Vaux was a descendant of Robert, younger brother 
of Hubert ist Baron of Gillesland. 

Maurice de Gant was son of Gilbert de Gant, nephew of the 
Conqueror's wife Matilda, and he had large possessions in 

It is not certain who the others were. 

The seal. 

The legend is very imperfect, the lost letters being supplied 
from a similar one in M. Douet D'Arcq's ^' CoUecSlion de 
Sceau,"No. 186. 


The seal is there described as follows. 

Sceau equestre Le personnage a cheval, galopant a gauche, 
arme de toutes pieces, et portant la cotte d'armes ; casque carre, 
bouclier seme de fleurs de lys. 

Ovale, ecu en cceur, seme de France. 

(Sans legende). 

47. North Lincolnshire Provincial Words. — The 
following words have been picked up in north-west Lincolnshire 
since the publication of the second edition of Mr. Peacock's 
Qhssary of Words used in Manley and Corringham, 

Bedj to become adapted to. New boots duzn't bed well to a 

body's feet. 
Briefj swift, swiftly. He went along as brief as a yung man, 

fer all he was soa ohd, an' soa near his graave. 
Croodlej to lie or sit close together for the sake of warmth or 

comfort. Th' little duck croodled doon among th' kitlins 

upov th' hearth stoane. 
Croups to rumble, to gurgle. Poor bairn, its i'side croups 

Cudy a small oblong obje£l with bevelled edges, cast from the 

mouth of a foal at its birth. It is described as resembling 

india rubber, and is probably thickened mucous. 


68 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

FlatheTj Ridiculous conversation. He's a deal o' his flather, 

bud its like soap-suds, all a-top; he's sense enif fer two 

benean it. 
Grains^ the fangs of a tooth. 
Habited^ accustomed. He's habited hissen to takkin' doftors'- 

stufF, while his head's as soft as feathers he ligs on. 
Lapping up^ end, conclusion. We shall hev snaw afoore th' 

lappin' up on it (/.^., before the end of the present cold 

Lobbingj bending from their own weight. Used of ears of 

corn. Thaay're as fine lobbin' ears as can graw. 
Lunchj The sound made by the fall of a heavy but yielding 

body, such as a feather bed or a human frame. She 

heard a lunch, bud she thoht it was th' childer plaayin', 

an' took noa noatice, soa he deed aloane. 
Mafij To be one*s ^w», to be in full possession of one's (acuities. 

Th' boane's settin nistly, an' I begin to feel my awn man 

agean. He was queer i' his head when he said it, bud 

he's his awn man agean noo. 
Tfc/V, to interlace, to entangle, to cross. He was pretty well 

on (afFedted by alcohol), he pletted his legs soa he could 

nobbud just git along. 
^idder^ a horse which chews its food into lumps and then 

rejedb it from the mouth. 
jittery an unhealthy growth in a horse's foot, which causes 

lameness, unless means be taken to allow the escape of 

the pus forming in it. 
Rai^e^ course. Ther'U be noa betterment while the feaver's 

run it raake. 
Sam up (i) to add up quickly. She sam'd it up i' noa time. 

(2) To amount to. It sams up to a deal when they 

reckon all th' oot paayments. 
Stinchj chill. If won o' th' stoaves is leeted it'll tak th' stinch 

olPn th' chech. 
Swarm. To climb a pole or tree by grasping it with all four 

^''^^' M. G. W. P. 

48. Monumental Inscriptions from other Counties 


Eyworthy Bedfordshire. Here lyeth y* bodyes of Richard 
Gadbvrye, late of Eyworth | gentleman, together w*'' Margaret 
davghter of Thomas Anderson | late of Castlethorpe in 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 69 

Lyncolneshire Esqvier his second wife | who left unto certaine 
feofiees in trvst for the perpetvall | benefit of y« poore of 
Eyworth 6 acres of arrable land lying in )r* I feilds of 
Wrestlinworth and 8 acres in y* feild of Dvnton. The said 
Richard being abovt the age of 63 yeares, departed this life 
OSober xvi Ano Dom: 1624. And the said Margaret being 
abovt I the age of they had issve | 

one only davghter, Magdalenna in whose memorye they 
ere6bd | the little monvment placed in y^ south side of this 
chavncel wall. | [Brass: (in capitals) with figures of civilian 
and wife with a daughter between them and a shield of arms 

Lichfield Cathedral, John Daniell Esq'. | of Aldridge 
Lodge, I in the County of Stafford. | Died Dec*. 4*^. 1809. | 
Aged 76. I In memory of | Harriet Daniell, | widow of 
John Daniell, | and daughter of the | Late Rev*. Cecil 
Willis, I vicar of Holbeach in the | county of Lincoln | she 
died at Clifton in the | County of Gloucester | on the 23'*. 
day of Juljr 1828. I in the 73**. year of her age. | [The 2nd 
part in capitals ; Mural tablet. North transept.] 

Canterbury Cathedral. M.S.J Edvardvs Wake S.T.P. 
hujus et I Ecclefiae Lincolnienfis Praebendarij I necnon de 
Whetthampfted in | Aero Hertfordienfi Redlons. lUxorem 
habuit Mariam Filiam f unicam Jacobi Crawford S.T.P. | ex 
qua tres Filios et quatuor Filias | reliquit fuperftites | Obijt 
Septimo Die Novembris | Anno 1732 Atatis 68 | Arms: A 

stag's head erased between 2 , in chief 3 roundels. 

Floor of South transept.] 

Cains College Chapel^ Cambridge. H.S.E. | Johannes Smith 
S.T.P. I hujus CoUegii | Cuftos. | Ecclefiae cathedralis 
Lincolnienfi ] Cancellarius. | Aflronomiae ProfefTor. | Obiit 
Jun. 17. I Anno D^. 1795 | -ffitatis fuae8i | [Arms: On a 
chevron oetween 3 roundels, as many crosses pate fitche. 
Crest: a goat's head erased.] 

Westminster Abbey. M.S. | Roberti Cannon S.T.P. | 
Decani Lincolnienfis |& -- 

, . Hujus Ecclefiae Praebendarij ( Qui 
obiit I 28^^ Die Martii A.D. 1722 | iEtatis Suae 59. ( 
[Mural tablet. South aisle.] 

Qainford Vicarage^ Darlington. R. H. Eddleston. 

Battle Churchy Sussex. To Mary, Wife of Thomas Birch, 
I Re&or of South Thoresby, Lincolnshire, | Mother of a 


JO Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

numerous family, ( nine of whom survived her | This Tablet 
I in grateful memory of her maternal care | and pure example 
of benevolence and piety I is placed bv her children | She was 
born A.D. 1748, and died August 1807 | in the first year of 
her widowhood | after an union | of forty-one years | 

S. J. Rhodes.' 

49. Bonner and Stanger Epitaphs at Baston. — The 
following two strange epitaphs were recently brought under 
my notice while passing through Baston in this county. The 
first tells its own tale: — 

"This I stone was erefted by | subscription to perpetuate 
I the memory of | Robert Bonner | a native of this 
parish | who was a living register | of births, deaths | 
and remarkable events | that occurred in this parish | for 
60 years J and when any person | asked him their age | 
his pradice was to tell | them by referring | to his hat 
brinks | He died Jan. 14^ 1845 | Aged 78 years. 

Hit hat his only day-book was 

And as it proTed a trusty guide 
According to hit last request 

'Twas duly buried by hit side 
With riches though he was not blest 

His memory was a constant treasure 
And now 'tis hoped he is possessed 

Of Heavenly blessing without measure." 

He is still remembered by some of the older inhabitants of 
the village. 

The other inscription is 

"In I memory of | Mary Stanger | who died | February 
6*** 1830 I aged 26 years | 

You most deceitful of mankind 
This is to put you fresh in mind 
What I did suffer for your sake 
But you no kindness to me would make. 
All for your sake I ne*er coald rest^ 
And ranged the world from east to west 
But all your sex I could disdain 
And never think on man again.'* 

I was informed that she died of a broken heart, through 
being jilted by her lover. At his wedding she walked before 
him to the church wearing what was to have been her own 
wedding dress. The last line of the verse was given to me by 
the cleric, the lower portion of the stone being hidden in the 

E. Bentley Wood. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


SO. The Gentry of Lincolnshire of 1634 {continued), 





Sir Daniel 




Sir Philip 










Sir Ralph 















































Disclaimers, 1634* 






















Haxy, Isle 


of Ax- 








Mareham-on-the- Hill 

and Heckington 

B urgh-in-the-Marsh 




Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 









Sir yohn 


















Disclaimer, ( 



























Norton • 

























South Witham 




South Carlton 








B urgh-in-the-Marsh 

Wain fleet 













Wykeham in Spalding 












Lincolnshire Notes 6f Queries. 















Carlton Scroop 



Carlton Scroop 















Sir Anthony 






Sir WiUiam 

















West Keal 



West Keal 






Hawerby and North 



Metherineham,and the 
Close, Lincoln 






Kirton and Walcot 



Owston, Isle of Ax- 





















Sir WiUiam 


Sir Henry 





74 Lincolnshire Notes 6? Queries. 






Burton juxta Lincoln 





















Kirton-in- Holland 














Burwcll ' 






Abbey Grange 



Thornton College 



















Sir Ger*pas 





East Halton 

Everard Green, F.S.A. 

{To be continued.) 

51. Charters at Gunby Hall. — ^These charters, like 
that published in the last number of Lines. N. i^ ^ (No. 31, 
p. 53), have been at Gunby for many years. How and when 
they came there is not known. The first is a grant of Lady 
Joan de Cantilupe when she founded the Chantry in Lincoln 
Cathedral, which bears her name. 

Ths Obiginal Document. 
Hcc indentura tettatur quod cum 
EdwarduB Dei gratia Rex Anglis et 
Francis et Dominut Hiberniae concesser- 
it et per cartam suam licentiam dederit 
mihi Johaniue que fuit uxor domini 
Nicholai de Cantilupo militit quod ego 
Johanna dare pouem quemdam locum 
in suburbio Lincolnicubi fratres de tacco 
olim manebant et unum metuagium in 

This Indenture witnesseth, that, 
whereas Edward by the grace of God 
King of England and France, and Lord 
of Ireland, granted and by his charter 
gave license to me Joan, who was the 
wife of Sir Nicholas de Cantilupe Knt., 
that I the said Joan might be able to 
give. a certain place in the Suburb of 
Lincoln, where the Friari de Sacco 


Lincolnshire Notes d Queries. 


eodem loco edificatum et uoam pUceam 
ibidem doas perticatas terrz in longitu- 
dine etladtudine continentcm in suburbio 
Lincolnis predi^o qiue de pcaerdi^o 
domino Rege in libenim burgagium ten- 
entur quinque capellanis et suis succetsori- 
but ad fondandum ibidem quamdam 
Cantariam praedictonim capellanorum in 
honore beati Petri apostoli ad divina pro 
animabos di^orum Nicholai et Johannae 
ac omnium fidelium defun£lorum in 
Capella ibidem constru^ celebrandum 
NoTeritis universi me pra*fatam Johan- 
nam dedisse et hac carta indentata 
confirmasae dominisRicardo deGouceby 
Ricardo de Breydeston Ricardo de 
fflixeburgh Radulpho de Eyton et Ricardo 
BoloyneCapellanis omnia przdidta locum 
metuagium et placeam terrae cum omni- 
boa suit pertinentiit Habendum et 
Tenendum omnia praediAa locum 
mcsuagium et placeam terrae cum 
omnibus tuis pertinentiis eitdem domi- 
nit Ricardo de Gouceby Ricardo de 
Breydeston Ricardo de fflixeburgh 
Radulpho de Eyton Ricardo Boloyne 
Capellanis et eorum successoribus capel- 
lanis pro animabus dominorum Nicholai 
de Cantilttpo Willielmi de Kyma 
Umfridi de Lyttylbury militum et pro 
anima dominae Johannae dudum uxoris 
predidi Umfridi ac pro vita et anima 
meae ipstua praeiataejohannae de Cantilupo 
et pro animabus omnium fidelium 
defundonim in didia capella divina 
celebraturis in perpetuum Et ego vero 
pnefata Johanna et heredes mei omnia 
praedida locum mcsuagium et placeam 
terrae com omnibus suis pertinentiis 
eisdem dominis Ricardo Ricardo Ricardo 
Radulpho et Ricardo capellanis et eorum 
successoribus Capellanis divina cele- 
braturis in forma praedidia contra omnes 
gentes warantiaabimus in perpetuum. 1 n 
cujus rei testimonium praesenti cartae 
indentatz sigilla predidorum Johannse 
Ricardi Ricardi Ricardi Radulphi et 
Ricardi altematim sunt appensa. His 
testibus Petro Belasyse maiore civitatis 
Lincolniae Johanne de Welton Adam 
Bloma ballivis ejusdem Civitatis Roberto 
de Dalderby civi ejusdem Civitatis 
Waltero de Poynton de Kanewyk et 
aliis Datum apud Lincolniam die Jovis 
proxime post festum Pentecostcs anno 
domini miUesimo tricentesimo sexa- 

formerly dwelt, and one messuage built in 
the same place, and one piece of land 
there containing two perches of land in 
latitude and longitude' in the aforesaid 
Suburb of Lincoln, which are held of 
the said lord King in free burgage, to 
five Chaplains and their successors to 
found there a Chantry of the said 
Chaplains, in honour of S. Peter the 
Apostle for divine offices for the souls of 
the said Nicholas, and Joan, and all the 
fiiithful departed, to be celebrated in the 
Chapel there built. Know all men, that 
I, the said Joan, have given, and by this 
mv charter indented confirmed, to Sir 
Richard de Goucebv, Sir Richard de 
Breydeston, Sir Ricnard de fflixeburgh. 
Sir Ralph de Eyton, and Sir Richard 
Boloyne, Chaplains, all the aforesaid 
place, messuage, and piece of land with 
all their appurtenances, to have and to 
hold all the said place, messuage, and 
piece of land with their appurtenances 
to them the same Sir Richard de 
Goucebv, Sir Richard de Breydeston, 
Sir Richard de fflixeburgh. Sir Ralph de 
Eyton, and Sir Richard Boloyne, and 
the Chaplains their successors, to cele- 
brate the divine offices for ever in the 
said chapel for the souls of Sir Nicholas 
de Cantilupe, Sir William de Kyme, 
Sir Humphry de Lyttylbury, Knts., and 
for the soul of Lady Joan late the wife 
of the said Humphrey, and for the life 
and soul of me the same aforesaid Joan 
de Cantilupe, and for the souls of aU the 
faithful departed. And I the said Joan, 
and my heirs, will warrant against all 
people for ever all the said place, 
messuage, and piece of land wiUi all 
appurtenances to the same Sirs Richard, 
Richard, Richard, Ralph, and Richard, 
Chaplains, and their successors. Chap- 
lains, celebrating the divine offices in the 
aforesaid form. In testimony whereof 
to this present charter indented the 
seals of the said Joan, Richard, Richard, 
Richard, Ralph, and Richard are alter- 
nately appended. 

Witnesses, Peter Belasyse, Mayor of 
the City of Lincoln, John de Welton, 
Adam Bloma, Bailins of the same 
City, Robert de Dalderby, Citizen of the 
same City, Walter de Poynton of 
Canwick, and others. Given at Lincoln 
on Thursday next after the Feast of 
Pentecost, ^D. 1360. 


'j(^ Lincolnshire Notes 6? Queries. 

Dugdale, in his Monasticon (vol. vi., p. 1607), states, that 
Lady Joan de Cantilupe had leave to found this College, or 
large Chantry, but does not give the charter. The "Friars 
of the Sac " were, according to Tanner^ so called from their 
habits being shaped like a sack, or made of that coarse cloth 
called sackcloth ; the right style of the Order was, " Friars of 
the Penance of Jesus Christ.*' 

Sir William de Kyme was the first husband of Lady Joan 
widow of Sir Nicholas de Cantilupe. 

The following charter, also at Gunby Hall, allowing the 
Nuns of the Priory of S. Leonard of Grimsby to colled 
contributions in the Dioceses of York, Lincoln, and Norwich, 
for the restoration of their buildings, which had been destroyed 
by fire and water, appears to be of the date of Henry Vl. 
(a.d. 1459). The handwriting is of that date, and Dr. Tanner 
mentions that in this same year, 37 Henry VL, this Priory 
obtained a license to acquire certain lands in mortmain. 
The Priory seems fo have been niost unfortunate in its losses 
through fire, for in 7 Henry IV. certain charters granting land 
in consequence of losses tnrough fire were confirmed by the 
King. (Tanner's Notitia Monastica^ p. 274.) 

Thk Original Document. Translation. 

Henricut Dei gratia Rex Angliae et Henry by the grace of God, King of 

Franciae et Dominut Hibemiae universis England and France, and Lord of Ireland, 

et singulis Archiepiscopis Episcopis to all and singular the Archbishops, 

Abbatibus Prioribus Archidiaconis Bishops, Abbots, Priors, Archdeacons, 

Decanis et eorum officiis ac aliis personis Deans, and their officers, and other 

ecclesiasticis quibuscumque necnon vice- ecclesiastical persons whatsoever, and 

comitibus Maioribus Ballivis Senescallis also to the Snerifis, Mayors, BailifTs, 

constabulariis Ministris et subditis suis Stewards, Constables, and their subje^ 

infra libertates et extra ad quos prescntes within the liberties and without, to whom 

literae pervenerint salutem these present letters shall come, greeting. 

[Here follows the preamble, which I 

cannot translate because of the oblitera- 

ex fide dignorum relatu pluri- tion by damp of a sentence upon which 

morum pleniter informamur qualiter the whole constnidHon depends. It is, 

magna pars edificiorum Monialium however, to the tSeGt that the King has 

pauperis domus Sancti Leonardi de heard that the places in question had 

Grymesby in Comitatu Lincolnise nuper been laudably built and sustained for 

per subitum ferventis ignis eventum the culture of divine religion, and the 

miserabiliter combusta et devastata increase of virtue and works of piety.] 

existit quod que diverse terrae et possess- We are fully informed by the report of 

tones ipsarum Monialium non modici many trustworthy persons how a great 

valoris per annum per maris rabiem ac part of the edifices of the Nuns of the 

aliarum ingentium aquarum inundationes poor House of S. Leonard of Grymesby 

desoUtae et vacuse devenerunt in ipsarum in the County of Lincoln has lately 

Monialium grave detrimentum et been miserably burnt up by the sudden 

deteriorationem manifestam situs ex occurrence of a furious nre, and lies 

lamentabili insinuatione nunc Priorissae devastated, and that divers lands and 

et Monialium domus predi^ae accepimus possessions of the same Nuns of no small 


To the Subscribers of Lincolnshire Notes and Queries. 

It will be within the recolledHon of our Subscribers, that the 
present Editors at considerable trouble and expense, established 
the quarterly issue of a County Notes and ^eries — the first 
number being issued January, 1888. With the issue of forth- 
coming Odober number, the conclusion of the Second Volume 
of the Magazine will be reached, and from the manner in which 
the number of subscribers has kept up, the Editors are inclined 
to think that they, by the generous aid of numerous contributors, 
have supplied a want in the literary annak of the County. 

Since the time when the Editors commenced their work, 
fresh official duties have been imposed upon both, leaving them 
but little time for the proper control and editing of the 
Magazine. Hence, with much regret, they feel they must, 
after the issue of the Oftober number this year, retire from the 
post of Editors. It would, in their opinion, be a great pity 
if the Magazine were to cease publication altogether at the 
close of Volume II., thus they jssue this cautionary notice 
of their intentions, and trust that among their numerous 
supporters one or two at least will come forward, and volunteer 
to carry on the publication of a serial which is now pradically 
paying its way. 

Any communication on this matter should be addressed to 
The Editors of Lines. N. ^ ^., c/o The Rev. J. Clare 
Hudson, Thornton Vicarage, Horncastle. 

July, 1891. 

Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 


ande ipne edificia predi^ reedificare ac 
alia ODcra etdem domui sue incumbencia 
sapportare ex causa predidae minime 
sumciunt nisi aliunde pie succurratur 
eisdem. Nos earum indigentia pie com- 
patientes in hac parte de gratia nostra 
special! suscepimus quandam Monialem 
domos predioseseu procuratorem suum 
literas ejusdem procuratorias secum 
deferentem ad quascunque partes dioces- 
arum Eboraci Lincolniae et Norwici 
transeundo ibidem morandoac elimosinas 
ac alia dona caritatis a Christi fidelibus 
ex causa predi^ petendo colligendo et 
recipiendo ac ad propria redeundo necnon 
homines servientes suosac res et bona sua 
quaectmque in prote^ionem et defension- 
em nostras speciales. Et ideo vos prelatos 
ac alias personas ecdesiasticas requirimus 
et rogamus quatinus cum eadem Monialis 
aeu ejus procuratores ad loca vestra seu 
alicujus vestrum accesserit vel accesse- 
rint ipsos in ecclesiis vestris benigne 
recipiatis ac hujusmodi elimosinas et 
dona caritativa petere colligere et aspor- 
tare permittatis vobisque vicecomitibus 
Majoribus Ballivis Constabulariis et 
ceteris Ministris nostris precipimus 
firmiter injungentes quod ipsam Monia- 
lem seu ejus procuratores per partes 
yestras transeundo hujusmodi elimosinas 
petendo colligendo et recipiendo et ezinde 
ad popria redeundo ac homines et 
sementes suos necnon res et bona 
sua quscunque manuteneatis protegatis 
defendatisque. Non inferentes eis seu 
quantum in vobis est ab aliis inferri 
permittentes injuriam molestiam damp- 
num violentiam impedimentum aliquod 
seu gravamen et si quid fuit id eis sine 
dilatione debite corrigi et reformari h^. 
In cujus rei testimonium has literas 
nostras fieri fecimus patentes per bien- 
nium duraturas Teste me ipso apud 
Westmonasterlum xzviij die Junii anno 
regni nostri tricesimo septimo. 

yearly value, through the raging of the 
sea and the inundations of other 
great waters, have come to be desolate 
and worthless, to the grievous detriment 
and manifest deterioration of the site. 
From the lamentable address of the 
Prioress and Nuns of the said house we 
have learnt, that they are from the 
aforesaid cause by no means sufficient to 
rebuild the said edifices, and support the 
other burdens incumbent on the same 
house, unless pious succour is given them 
from other sources. We piously com- 
passionating their indigence in this part 
of our special grace have taken a certain 
Nun of the said house, or her procurator 
procuratorial letters of the same with 
her bearing, to pass to any parts of the 
dioceses of York, Lincoln, and Norwich, 
and stay there, and beg, and collet, and 
receive, and appropriate to their own 
proper use alms and other gifts of 
charity from the fisithfiil of Christ for 
the aforesaid reason, and (we have taken) 
their men and servants, and their eft^s, 
and goods whatsoever, into our special 
protedion and defence. And therefore 
we require you the Prelates and other 
Ecclesiastioil persons, and ask, that 
when the same Nun or her procurators 
shall come to your places, or the place 
of anyone of you, you shall receive 
them kindly in your churches, and per- 
mit them in any way to beg, collet, 
and carry away alms and gifts of charity. 
And to you the Sheriffs, Mayors, 
Bailiffs, Constables, and others our 
Ministers we command, and firmly 
enjoin, that you maintain, proted, and 
defend the same nun, or her procurators, 
passing through your parts, and in any 
way begging, coUedling, and receiving 
alms and from that time appropriating 
them to their own proper uses, and their 
men and servants, and also their efFe£ts 
and goods. Not infilling upon them or, 
as much as in you lies, allowing to be 
infiided on them by others, injury, 
molestation, damage, violence, impedi- 
ment, or inconvenience, and, if any such 
be done them, cause it to be duly 
corre^d, and reformed, without delay. 
In testimony whereof we have caused 
these our letters patent to be issued to be 
in force for two years. Witness ourself 
at Westminster, 28th June in the 37th 
year of our reign. 

W. M. 

78 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

52. St. Leonard's Nunnery, Grimsby. — By a curious 
coincidence we have received, from another correspondent, 
the following note on the same subjed as the preceding. 
[Eds. Lines. N. &f ^.] 

In arranging the diocesan records of the Bishop of Ely, I 
have come across the following in Bp. Fordham's Register 
(fol. 207), which may interest some of your readers: — 

"1408. May 27. Forty days' Indulgence granted to all 
giving assistance to the poor and religious women, the 
Prioress and Nuns of S. Leonard's Priory outside Grymesby, 
Lincoln dioc, whose houses and edinces and the goods 
contained therein have been accidentally burnt, 'non sua 
culpi, sed horribili incendio jam noviter ingruente.'" 

The College^ Ely. A. Gibbons. 

53. iNqyismoNs, p.m., co. Linc, temp. Henry VII. — 

Chancery Inq., post mortem^ 7 Henry VIL, No. 7. 
William Sandon, Esquire. 
Inquisition taken at Lincoln Castle, 24 Oct., 7 Henry VII. 
[a.d. 1 491], by the oath of John Hill, Richard West, Robert 
Swyft, John Hunt, Laurence Bryght, Richard Eston, John 
Hilton, Richard Whyte, Robert Hutton, William Cotom, 
Richard Smyth, Robert Williamson, and William Broun, jurors. 
Who say tnat William Sandon was seized of the manors of 
Askeby next Partenay, Wragby next Golthaugh, Panton, and 
Westbafkeworth, and of the advowson of the church of Askby, 
8 messuages, 100 acres of land, &c., in Hoggesthorp, 16 
messuages, 200 acres of land, &c., in Momby, 80 acres of land, 
&c., in Ingoldmeles and Westmeles, and 6 messuages, 100 
acres of land, &c., in Wynthorpp and Burgh in le Marsche. 
The aforesaid William Sandon took to wife Margaret Rigmadyn, 
and died 6 Jan., 3 Henry VII. [a.d. 1487-8]. Ivo Sandon, 
aged 21 years, is his son and next heir. 

Chancery Inq., post mortem^ 7 Henry VII., No. 27. 

Thomas Tyndale. 
Inquisition taken at Lincoln Castle 24 Oct., 7 Henry VII. 
[a.d. 1491], by the oath of [the same jurors as in No. 7]. 
who say that Thomas Tyndale was seized in fee of 3 messuages 
and 5 cottages in Welton and Ryland, 260 acres of land, 30 
acres of meadow, and a moiety of i acre of wood in Welton 
and Riland next Dunham, one other messuage, 2 tofts, 100 
acres of land, 20 acres of meadow, and one close, called 

** Weltontheng," 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 79 

" Weltontheng,*' in Welton and Riland aforesaid. The same 
Thomas was seized of 400 acres of land, 100 acres of meadow, 
80 acres of pasture, and 3 acres of wood in Irby, Welton, 
Riland, Burton next Lincoln, Risom, Berton, Rothwell, 
Kyrmyngton and Wirlaby; and on the i6th day of May, 
I Richard III. [a.d. 1484], he granted to Sir Thomas Burgh, 
knieht, John Skipwith, Thomas Gednev, John Cham^r, 
William Tyndale, clerk, and Thomas Clerlce, chaplain, all the 
aforesaid lands in Irby, Welton, &c. To have and to hold for 
ever, &c. The aforesaid Thomas died 21 July, in the 4*** year 
of the now lord the King [a.d. 1489]. Thomas Tyndale, of 
the age of 1 8 years, is his son and next heir. 

Chancery lnq,^post mortem^ 9 Henry VII., No. 12. 
Elizabeth Brandon, widow. 

Inquisition taken at Horncastell, 20 June, 9 Hen. VII. 
Fa-d. 1494], by the oath of John Madysson, William Foster, 
James Pecoke, Thomas Chattham, Thomas BuUe, William 
mwdewyn, John Balle, John Matthewson, John Fyscher, 
William Hellwyse, Stephen Stevenson, John Jakson, John 
Freman, and Thomas Dallison. Who say that a certain 
Elizabeth Bruyn, late wife of Sir Maurice Bruyn, knight, was 
seized of the manors of Carlton Panell, Irby, Worleby and 
KellynghoUme, and 3 messuages, 2 tofts, i oxgang of land, 30 
acres of pasture, 20 acres of meadow, 300 acres of wood in 

Glaunfordbry^g, Wraby, , Broughton, Glaunford- 

brigg, and Irby, in her demesne as of fee tail ; and so being 
thereof seized, she had issue by the said Maurice, Sir Henry 
Breuyn, knight, her son and heir. Which said Henry had 
issue his two daughters and heirs, to wit, Alice, the elder, and 
Elizabeth, the younger, who is named in the writ. [i.e. 
Elizabeth Brandon]. 

Henry died in his mother's lifetime, and afterwards the 
aforesaid Alice, one of his daughters, took to husband Robert 
Harleston, esquire, and thev had issue John Harleston, now 
living. Robert Harleston aied, and the same Alice, his wife, 
survived him. 

Elizabeth, the other of the daughters of the said Henry 
Bruyn, took to husband Thomas Tyryell, esquire, and they 
had issue Hugh Tyryell, their son and heir, now living. And 
afterwards the aforesaid Elizabeth Bruyn died seized of all the 
manors, &c., aforesaid in her demesne as of fee tail. After 
whose death the aforesaid manors, &c., descended to the 
aforesaid Alice, and to Thomas Tyryell and Elizabeth his wife, 


8o Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

as in right of the said Elizabeth, as kinswoman and heir of the 
said Elizabeth Bruyn. 

And the aforesaid Alice afterwards took to husband Sir John 
Hevenyngham, knight, and they had issue George. And 
afterwards the aforesaid Alice died, and Sir John Hevenyngham 
survived her and is yet seized thereof as tenant by the law of 

And the aforesaid Thomas Tyryell died, and the same 
Elizabeth survived him and took to husband Sir William 
Brandon, knight. Afterwards William Brandon died, and the 
aforesaid Elizabeth survived him and took to husband William 
Mallery, esquire. Afterwards William Mallery died and the 
aforesaid Elizabeth survived him, and was thereof seized 
jointly with the aforesaid John Hevenyngham as tenant by 
the law of England. The said Elizabeth, named in the writ, 
died on the 26th day of March last past, and Hugh Tyrell, of 
the age of 23 years, is her son and next heir. 

And fiirther they say that the said Hugh Tyrell, immediately 
after his mother's death, enfeoffed Henry Colom, clerk, in fee 
simple, to the use of the said Hugh, of all those manors, &c., 
. . . Kellyngholm, in the County of Lincoln, together with 
the advowson of the Church of Iryby aforesaid, a moiety of 
Broughton wood, and all those lands which descended to him 
by hereditary right as son and heir of the said Elizabeth. . . . 
The said Henry Colom enfeoffed the said Hugh and Margaret, 
daughter of Gilbert Hussey, esquire. Sir William Hussey, 

knight , Peter Hussy, clerk, William Willoughby, 

esquire, son of Sir Christopher Willoughby, knight, Thomas 
Mongomery, Thomas Tyryell, and others, of and in all those 
the aforesaid lands • . . Iryby, with their appurtenances, in 
the County of Lincoln, which descended to the aforesaid Hugh 
in form aforesaid. To have and to hold to the aforesaid Hugh, 
Margaret, William Hussy, &c., [to the use] of the same Hugh 
and Margaret, and of their lawful issue, and failing such issue 
to the use of the said Hugh and his heirs. 

{To be continued.) W. Boyd. 

54. A Louth Duel (Vol. IL, No. 33, p. 57). — The 
Robert Legard whose second son John was so unfortunate as to 
slay his opponent in a duel was probably one of the old 
Norman family settled first at Anlaby, near Hull, and after- 
wards at Ganton, near Scarborough. The Anlaby line, which 
was the elder, died out towards the close of the eighteenth 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries^ 8 1 

century, when Henry Legard of Beverley, being unmarried, 
left his property at Aniaby to his distant cousin. Sir Thomas 
Legard, 7th Bart, of Ganton, whose family is now represented 
by Sir Charles Legard, nth Bart., late M.P. for Scarborough. 
There was more than one Robert Legard living in the 
17th century. Robert Legard, a merchant of Hull, younger 
son of Ralph Legard, of Aniaby, by Isabel Hildyard, had a 
younger son John, about whom nothing further is recorded in 
the pedigree. Another Robert Legard, son of Christopher 
Legard, who was living 1585, and grandson of the above Ralph 
Legard, of Aniaby, had, with other children, a son John ; but 
this latter, who died in 1643, would seem to have been the 
eldest. He had another son Christopher Legard, born 1592, 
who married Mary Rokeby and had several children, amongst 
them being (i) Charles Legard, born 1625, who married 
Theophila, daughter and co-heiress of John Coke; (2) John 
Legard, died s.p. 1669; (3) Sir Robert Legard, of Aniaby, 
died 1 721, who by his wife Mirabilla had two sons and six 
daughters. The sons were John Legard, of Aniaby, and 
Richard Legard, died s.p. The former of these two last 
named may perhaps have been the younger, although his name 
comes first in the pedigree, and his brother may have been 
living in 1625 or 1640, between which years the duel was 
probably fought. According to the dates it would seem most 
probable that the Robert Legard who framed the petition was 
the above mentioned Sir Robert Legard, of Aniaby, the third 
son of Christopher. If so, his request was apparently granted, 
for his son John lived to succeed him, and married Jane, 
daughter of Robert Hildyard, by whom he had a numerous 
femily. It was his grandson who left Aniaby to Sir Thomas 

The pedigree is to be found in Foster's CoUe£fion^ the East 
Yorks. volume. "Gaton " in the petition, is probably Ganton, 
the residence of the younger, but surviving, branch of the 
femily. The following abstrad of the pedigree will explain 
the relationship of the above mentioned persons. Of the 
three Roberts mentioned, the third would seem to correspond 
best with the petitioner, and the marriage of his brother with 
Theophila Coke might explain how the paper came into the 
hands of the Secretary, 

Who Mr. Richard Bolls may have been is not so easy to 
determine, though perhaps monuments or registers at Ganton 
might identify him. The same may be said of Mr. Brampton. 

Vol, 2. G Ralpn 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^^ries. 

Ralph Legasd^sabkl Hxldyasd 
(13th in descent from Robert 
Legard, of Anlaby, temp. circ. 
Hen. I.) 

1 r ^1 

Christopher L.— =... John L.~.... (i) Robkrt L._.... 

(•M>. 1585) I (ofGanton)l Merchantof Hull | 


(2) Robert L.=r... a quoLegard | | | 

(b. 1 58 1, ob. 1648) I of Ganton, Bt. William James John &c. 

John L. Christopher L.-=Mary Rokeby others. 
(born 1592) I 

I II. 

Charles L.s-Theophila John L. Sir Robert L. (3)^MirabilIa 
(b. 1625) daughter of Anlaby 

co-h. of (ob. 172 1.) 

John Coke. 

John L.=Jane Hildyard 
of Anlaby 

Vicarage^ Barton-on-Humber, 


Richard L. 
(ob. 8. p.) 

Six daughters. 

C. Moor. 

I am at present examining and making extradfe from the 
Records of the Old Corporation of the town of Louth, and 
the following notes, taken from the earliest book of Accounts, 
appear to have reference to the Louth Duel. 

"From the accounts of the 'Warden and Six Assistants' 
— the old Corporation of Louth, — for the year ended at 
Pentecost, 1631. 

Receaved of Will" Roberts for the praisment 
of m' John Legerd horse & sworde 

payd to m' Townerow his fee & other 
Charges at the death of m' Richard Bolles 

payd to a laborer for covering of a noysome 
pitt in the quarry 

Louth. R. W. GOULDING. 

xlj' iiij" 

XV" lllj** 


55. The Supposed Chapel at Grantham. — A few 
weeks since, on taking down a fishmonger's shop, near the 
Market Place at Grantham, a small groined crypt was 
discovered, measuring 15 feet by 12 feet, the ribs of its 
vaulted roof springing from a column in the centre. The 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 83 

archite£hire of this little apartment being that usually 
associated in the popular mind with ecclesiastical buildings, it 
was too readily taken for granted that it had been ^' a crypt or 
oratory.'* We have been gravely told that there was " a slab 
of stone for the altar, zjin. by i8in., with a recess for the 
crucifix,'* and that the steps by which it was reached from the 
street were " worn by the feet of pilgrims." It may seem 
unkind to dispel all this romance, but the idea of the apartment 
having had any religious destination is utterly baseless. It is 
nothing more than the ground story of a mediaeval house, such 
as may be found by scores in all our older towns. Lincoln can 
shew an admirable series, too little known, and much superior 
to the very rude example at Grantham, beneath the houses 
on the west side of Bailgate, opposite the White Hart (Nos. 3, 
7, 8, 9, 10), which deserve examination. As Mr. Parker has 
observed [Domestic ArchiteSfure^ vol. lii., part i., p. 91J, it was 
very common in the middle ages to raise the whole of the 
habitable portion of the house upon a vaulted substructure, 
sometimes half underground, sometimes level with the sur&ce, 
serving as cellars or store rooms.; "these vaults," Mr. Parker 
remarks, "often remain when the whole of the superstructure, 
often merely of wood, has been swept away, and often prove 
very puzzling to tyros, who mistakenly look on them either as 
dungeons or chapels." The vaulted room at Grantham was an 
undercroft of the most ordinary description, and shows rude 
construction. The central column had no capital, and the 
square groin ribs were unmoulded, and there was a complete 
absence of ornament. The plainness of the architecture 
renders it difficult to affix the precise date; but it may 
probably be ascribed to the thirteenth century. The supposed 
altar was merely the sill of a blocked-up window, which itself 
formed the imagined crucifix recess, and that, be it remarked, 
on the south side. The pilgrim-worn steps were modern 
additions from the outside, the original entrance having been 
from within the house above. Though not of the interest 
originally supposed, this crypt formed a valuable example of 
medixval domestic work, which on every account, historical 
and architectural, demanded careful preservation. It is very 
mortifying, therefore, to have to record that the whole was 
ruthlessly — it may be almost said brutally — destroyed within a 
very short time of its discovery, though happily not before it 
had been measured and photographed. Urgent remonstrances 
against its demolition unhappily fell on deaf ears, and one more 


84 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

link with the past has been lost to the historic town of 
Grantham and the county of Lincoln. 

Edmund Venables. 

56. Lincoln Minster: Saint Hugh. — Patent Roll 
38 Edw. III., part i., m. 39. The King, 10 Feb. [a.d. 1364-5] 
restores to the church of the Blessed Mary of Lincoln " capud 
San£ti Hugonis gloriosi Confessoris auro et argento exornatum," 
which had been stolen and carried away, and the gold and 
silver with which it was adorned torn away by thieves, who 
confessed that theft before the Coroners of Lincoln. 


57. A Strange Custom: "Falling Out.** — A strange 
custom is practised in the neighbourhood of Crowle (Isle of 
Axholme). If a couple who have "kept company" for some 
time happen to fall out, and the man afterwards marries another 
woman (or vice versa) the neighbours tie to the deserted one's 
door, on the eve of the wedding, a cabbage or some other kind 
of vegetable. 

I am told that at New Holland it is usual to hang a bundle 
of straw at the door of a man who ill-treats his wife. 

Can any reader throw a light* on these customs or give any 
similar examples? ^ Bentley Wood. 

58. The Bury Family. — Can any of your readers give 
me information respeSing the genealogy of the Bury family? 
Sir William Bury lived in the first half of the sixteenth century, 
^nd I think there is a monument to him in Grantham Church. 
I believe his father was Robert Bury. His sister Elizabeth 
married Thomas Rokeby of Burnaby, a member of the historic 
Yorkshire family. Did these Burys migrate to Grantham 
from another County, or are they an old Lincolnshire family? 

9, Norfolk Crescent^ London, W. V, Law. 

59. "Beliston." — On old maps of Lincolnshire a place 
near Moulton named "Beliston" is marked. Is anything 
known about it? 

Spalding. Garten Perry. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 85 

60. Armorial Carving at Coleby. — A stone was 
recently discovered in some cellaring at Coleby Hall on which 
two shields are carved, and from the length of the stone there 
is evidently a third one, which is buried in the walling. The 
shield, which is, we suppose, the centre one, bears on a bend 
cotised and between six lions rampant three escallops ; the other 
visible shield being on the ^^ baron" side has, on a bend three 
buck's heads cabossed. The shields are I2in. by I5in. in size 
and well cut. The first-named arms are seemingly those of 
Bohun. ^^ Gilbert Boune" of Lincolns Inn purchased in 161 8 
the manor of South Hall, Coleby, with its mansion house, called 
the ^Middle Hall," standing at the east end of the church. In 
1696 Mary, the grand daughter of Sergeant Gilbert Bohun, 
sold her estate in Coleby to William Lister, Esq., of the North 
Hall, and the old manor house was pulled down some time in 
the last century. Only the old dove-cote and a well mark the 
site now, and evidently the materials were used up in other 
buildings, the stone in question having been perhaps over a door- 
way or fire-place. Can any reader of Lines, N. ^ ^ suggest 
for what family the three buck's heads on the bend may stand, 
and if Gilbert Boune or Bohun, the purchaser in 161 8, was 
conne£led with the Bohuns who entered the pedigree at the 
visitation of Lincolnshire in 1562? 

E. B. Tempest. 

61 . Barton-on-Humber St. Mary's Church. — In former 
times this Church was spoken of as the ^^ Chapel of All Saints," 
and has been considered a Chapel of Ease to the older Church of 
St. Peter. I shall be very glad to receive information on the 
subject (i) of its dedication, and (2) of its true status. The 
present church of St. Mary was originally built circa 1 1 60, and 
has, since that date, been frequently added to and restored. 
One aisle is known as the Chapel of St. James, and we he^r 
also of the Chantry of St. Thomas. Can it now be discovered 
whether this St. James was the deacon who preached in Lincoln- 
shire in the seventh century ? 

Barton-an-Humber, C. Moor. 

62. Beecham Family. — Can you or your readers give 
me any information concerning the Beecham family? it is 
supposed to have descended from the Beauchamps of Warwick. 
I nnd that a Thomas Beecham married, at Irby, in the year 
1694, Anne Langley, who was great-grand-daughter of the 


86 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

first redor of Irby after the accession of Elizabeth. The 
family seems to have remained at Irby for some time, and then 
to have settled at Waltham ; but before 1 694 there seems to 
be no record of the name of Beecham at Irby, and the question 
is, where did Thomas Beecham come from? That the old 
Beauchamp family had estates in Lincolnshire is, I believe, 
certain ; and that the wars of the Roses brought down and 
almost obliterated many great families is known to all students 
of history. Since 1694 the Beechams appear to have been 
farmers or yeoman. The names of families connefted with 
them by marriage are Mountain, of Great Cotes, Cousins, 
Wright, Keal, Wood, Bormans, Taylor. The last member of 
the family who bore the name of Beecham was the Rev. John 
Beecham, D.D., born at Barnoldby-le-Beck, President of the 
Wesleyan Conference in 1850. He was heir-at-law to his 
cousin, William Beecham, of Nettleham Hall, near Lincoln, 
but, on coming into the property in 181 9, signed a deed of sale, 
in accordance with his cousin's wishes and arrangements. 

Oxford. Henry Martin. 

63. Barton-on-Humber : Tennyson Family. — A branch 
of the Tennyson family lived at Barton-on-Humber during 
the last century, and one of them, a solicitor, had an office in 
the Market-place. Leases signed "R. A. Tennyson," 1732, 
and "Wm. Tennyson," 1761, are in existence. What 
connection had this branch with the Poet Laureate's family? 

H. W. B. 

64. Obsolete Words. — I shall be glad to receive some 
satisfactory explanations of the following Lincolnshire 
expressions : — 

Attramites^ used of dirty children. 

Conney^fogle^ cheated, inveighed into an action of which will 
repent afterwards. 

Morgan Rattler^ used of a good boxer or pugilist. 

Langton-by-HorncastU. J. Conway Walter. 

65. Lords of Manors and their Arms. — Can any 
reader of Lines. N. i^ ^ inform me as to the origin of three 
manors in the parish of Frampton, and the arms of their 
original lords ? viz. : Multon Hall, Earl's Hall, and Stone Hall. 

The first is evidently from the Multon family, and can be 
traced ; but I can gain no knowledge of the other two. The 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 87 

records in possession of the present Lords and Stewards only go 
back for about a century, and merely relate to fines and fees. 

I am inclined to think that " Earl's Hall " derives its name 
from Earl Alan, who had considerable possessions here and in 
neighbouring parishes. Wido de Credon is also stated to have had 
a manor here at the same time ; and then the Earl of Richmond 
also had possessions here; but how to trace the respedtive 
manors of Earl's and Stone Hall to their founders I am at a 
loss to discover. 

Any information as to the original owners of these extensive 
manors, and their arms, will much oblige. 

Frampton Hall^ 'Boston, Colonel Moore, C.B. 

66. Barton-on-Humber : Dymoke Family. — In St. 
Mary's Churchyard, Barton-on-H umber, is a tombstone to the 
memorv of Edward Dymoke, Esq., and his wife, dated 1804 
and 1815 — the former was uncle to the Hon. Lewis, "the 
Champion." I shall be glad to know anything about his 
living at Barton. H W B 

67- Wispington: Phillips Glover, Esq. — Early in the 
century was issued a large Mezzotint portrait of "Phillips 
Glover, Esq., of Wispington, Lincolnshire, a steady disinterested 
friend, who never courted popularity but was ever deserving of 
it." It is by Watson, after Russell. I shall be glad of any 
particulars relating to him. H W R 

68. " Cotter " (Vol. I., No. 1 3, p. 24 ; and No. 59, p. 57). 
— ^The word is used here as the name of an old-fashioned sort 
of fastener of window shutters. 

A shutter, on the outside of a window, is closed^ and a 
cotter, which is an iron bolt with a flat head at one end and a 
narrow slit in the other, is put from the outside through a hole 
in the shutter, and also through another hole in the wooden 
frame or mullion of the window , and an iron wedge is put in 
the slit in the projecting end of the cotter in the inside^ and 
then the shutter is cottered. 

There is generally a pair of shutters to one window. Some- 

88 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

times one shutter overlaps the other, and only one cotter is 
used. In other cases each shutter has a cotter. 

Sheffield. J. Carr Fletcher. 

69. Plough Jags (Vol. I., No. 46, p. 51). — In reply to the 
query by "M.G.W.P.," I have obtained the following account 
of a dialogue used by plough-jags in some parts of the county. 

The principal characters are Beelzebub, a fool, a dodor, a 
woman and baby, a soldier, a collector, &c. 

They commence by singing outside a house : 

Good master and good mistress, 

As you sit by the fire, 
Remember us poor plough-boys 

Who travel through muck and mire. 
The mire is so deep : we travel far and near 
To wish you a happy and prosperous new year. 

The fool knocks and asks permission to show their play as 

follows : In comes I, Tom Fool, 

The biggest fool you've ever seen ; 
There's five more little boys out here 
By your consent they shall come in. 

Leave having been obtained he bids them "step up." The 
soldier enters first and sings a song which appears to be ad. lib, ; 
I can hear of no particular words. Next enters one of the 
company dressed as a woman. 

Woman. in comes I, old Dame Jane, 

With a neck as long as a crane. 

Long have I sought thee, now I've found thee : 

Tommy, bring the baby in. 

\Lad hands her a sham baby. 
Enter Beelzebub. 

Beelzebub. in comes I, Old Beelzebub, 

In my hand I carry my club. 
Under my arm a whit-leather dripping pan. 
Don't you think me a fiinny old man ? 

Is there any old woman in this company who dare stand 
before me? 

Woman. Yes, me. [Beelzebub \nocis her dawn. 

Fool. Beelzebub, Beelzebub, what has thou done ! 

Killed poor old dame Jane and lamed her son. 
Five pounds for a doctor! 

Beelzebub. Ten to stop away. 

Fool. Fifteen to come in in a case like this. 

Enter Dodor. 
doctor. In comes I, the Doftor. 
Fool. How became you a dodor? 
\ Doctor. 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 89 

DoHor. I travelled for it. 
FmU Where did you travel? 

IjoSlor, England, France, Ireland, and Spain, 

Now Fve come to do^or £ngland a gain. 

Fool. What diseases can you cure? 

Doctor, Hipsy, pipey, palsy, and gout. 

Pains within and pains without. 
Heal the sick, and cure the lame, 
Raise the dead to life again. 

FooU Now try your skill. 

\Do€lor ta\es hold of Womarts ankle. 

Fool. Is that where her pulse lies ? 

Doctor. Yes, the finest and most delicate part about a lady. 
Her pulse beats nineteen times to the tick of my watch once. 

This woman is not dead, but in a trance, 
If she can't dance we can't sing. 
So raise her up and let's begin. 

[TJf ColUSlor hire takes the hat 
round while the others dance about. 

The Fool leaves first when the others sing as follows : 

Good master and good mistress, 

You see our fool is gone. 
We make it up in business 

To follow him along. 
We thank you for civility 

And all you gave us here. 
We wish you all, good night. 

And a prosperous new year. 

[Exeunt omnes. 

I do not see the conne£iion of the soldier with the rest of 
the company, but he is always introduced decked with stream- 
ing ribbons. ^ Bentley Wood. 

70. Wink LEY Family (Vol. I., No. 47. p. 51). — The parish 
registers of Grantham, in this county supplies the following: — 
" 1 679 John Winkly and Mary PuUin mar. (with a license) Dec. 6." 

Stamford. Justin Simpson. 

71. Lincolnshire M.P.'s TVol. I., No. 225, p. 212). — In 
reply to your correspondent, W. D. Pink, concerning George 
Foster, gent., M.P. for Boston, 1553-1558, he will get 
information from Thompson's Boston. There is a will of a 
George Foster at Lincoln Registry, proved 1568 (83). 

AUershot. W. E. F. 


90 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

72. Name of Whitshed (Vol. I., No. 226, p. 212). — 
There were two well-known farmers of this name (John and 
James) living until recently at Postland and Croyland. Your 
correspondent, R. Pollard, could obtain information at Croyland, 
probably best of Mr. Canham. 

Aldershot. W.E.F. ' 

73. Boucher Family (Vol. II., No. 14, p. 25). — In reply 
to E.E.F., I can state that Dominus Ric. Boucher was living 
at Holbeach in 1377, and paid \\\]d. (or 5s. at present day) as 
an unbeneficed clerk to a clerical subsidy granted to King 
Richard II., by Parliament. He paid y. o\d, to a subsidy 
coUefted at *' Holbeche" in 1327, granted to Edward III., and 
1 05, 1 od. to a subsidy in 1 332. The name is given Ric. Bercher 
in 1327, and Ric. Boucher in 1332 and 1377. I find the 
name Boucher in subsidy of 1381 at Frieston (Thompson's 
Boston^ ed. 1865, page 500; see also pages 373, 374, and 749). 

St. Marias Ficarage^ Holbeach. G. W. Macdonald. 

74. Lincolnshire Folk-Lore (Vol. II., No. 25, p. 41 ). — 
I think it might interest readers of Lines. N, fcf ^. to know 
that a person is still living in this county about whom the same 
story is told. The woman in question has been for the last 
thirty years crippled hand and foot, and I was one day talking 
to a neighbour of the sad state she was in. He shook his head 
and seemed very mysterious on the subjedl, till at last I elicited 
from him that when she was a young woman she had taken a 
pigeon's heart out alive for a charm, and he seemed to think her 
crippled state was a judgment upon her. 

Wiyerton^ Bingham^ Notts. L. C. Musters. 

75. Rood Screens in Lincolnshire (Vol- II., No. 32, 
p. 56). I have made no special study of the rood screens, except 
as parts of their churches, but, as it may be of interest to readers 
of Lines. N. ^ ^., I have put together a list from my notes, 
which, at any rate, approaches completeness. The earliest 
fragment of a screen is that in Kirkstead Chapel; there are 
none earlier in England, except at Compton, Surrey ; those at 
Rochester Cathedral and Thurcaston, Lancashire, are of the 
same date {Jreh. Journ.^ xL, p. 296). Next after it are the 
remains of Benniworth screen, taken down perforce at the 
restoration of the church, but, I trust, still preserved. The 
palm among the screens of the county must, on the whole, 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 91 

be given to Sleaford, which has preserved its beautiful canopies ; 
but the screens at Alford, Cadney, Cotes-by-Stow, and many 
others, especially in the Marshland, deserve more examination 
than they have received. 

Chancel Screens more or less perfeSi in situ, 
[I have appended a (?) to those of which I have no notes.] 
Alford (fine early Perp., with remains of colour and gilding), 
Baumber, Benington, Billinghay (?), Bratoft, Burgh, Cotes-by- 
Stow (very remarkable). Croft, Digby (some colour remaining), 
East Kirkby (mutilated), Ewerby, Fishtoft (Frieston rood screen 
is here also used for a chantry-chapel), Folkingham, Frampton, 
Friskney, Grainsby (?), Grimoldby, Hale, Helpringham, Kirkby 
Laythorpe, Legbourn, Leverton, Lincoln Minster (beautiful 
early Dec), Long Bennington, Lusby (is — or was — white- 
washed). Marsh Chapel (fine). Middle Rasen, Osbournby 
(mutilated), Partney, Pickworth, Pinchbeck, Quadring (part), 
Rippingale (remarkable as having the canopy only remaining, 
but in position), Saltfleetby All Saints, Silk Willoughby, Sleaford 
(very fine tabernacle work), South Cockerington, South 
Somercotes, Swineshead, Tattershall (fine stone screen of 1528), 
Theddlethorpe All Saints, Thorpe St. Peters, Thurlby-by- 
Newark, Welby, Westborough, West Keal, West Torrington, 
Wigtoft (part), Winthorpe. 

Screens partly preset^ed^ but out of position, 
Addlethorpe (reredos, &c.), Benniworth (remains of valuable 
E. E. rood screen preserved), Cadney (reredos ; very fine 
parcloses of chantries, in situ\ Epworth (reading desk, &c.), 
Fishtoft (has Frieston screen in S. aisle), Grainthorpe (chantry 
screens only left), Haltham (round some pews in N. aisle), 
Horncastle (partly used as screen to chancel aisles), Ingoldmells 
(fragments on pulpit, east wall, &c.), Kirkstead Chapel (most 
valuable E. E. screen, one of the earliest in England, used for 
part of seating), Ropsley (part in the seating; the part of 
rood loft spanning N. aisle remains), Somerby-by-Grantham 
(reredos), Stamford St. John's (N. side of chancel; parcloses 
of chantries only remain), Swaton (S. transept), Tallington 
(under tower arch), Ulceby (encloses organ chamber). 

Stone bases of screens remain at Barkston (on which the 
chancel arch is set), Boston, Morton, and West Deeping ; and 
the modern screen at Corringham has been reconstrudted ftom 
the part still remaining of the old screen. The staircase, 
brackets, &c., of the rood screen exist in several other churches. 

Shorwell Ficarage^ LW. G. E. Jeans. 


92 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

To the list given by Mr. Sympson may be added those of 
St. Peter, Barton-on-liumber, of Barrow-on-Humber, and of 
Thornton Curtis, the last-named being quite modern. 

Sarton-on^Humber. C. Moor. 

I can now add to my former list the following : — Althorpe, 
Aswarby, Burgh, Carlton Scroop, Carlton (South), Coningsby, 
Denton, Friskney, Great Gonerby, Kirkstead, Lincoln 
Cathedral, Scotter, Spalding, Stamford (Brown's Bedehouses), 
Stixwould, Swineshead, and Winthorpe. 

For several of these I am greatly indebted to the Rev. Canon 
C. Nevile, the Revs. E. R. Larken, Joseph Holmes, J. A. 
Penny, G. S. Tyack, and Mr. E. B. Wood, to whom I take 
this opportunity of expressing my gratitude. 

"J antes St^ Lincoln. £. Mansel Sympson. 

I see that you propose to make a list of all churches in the 
Diocese having chancel screens. Would it not be as well to 
extend your enquiries as to those destroyed within living 
memory ? In this Deanery two have disappeared, viz., at 
Corringham and Kirton. When the former church was 
re-pewed, the stalls were placed in the incumbent's pew aiid the 
screen destroyed. From Kirton church a Jacobean screen was 
removed into the Vicarage, and has disappeared. The 
Corringham screen, I should remark, has been adequately 
replaced by a very handsome carved oak screen. 

Would it not be as well to extend your enquiries, when you 
are about it, and not confine them to chancel screens ? Rural 
Deans would make enquiries in their Deaneries; and if you 
print the information you gain in Lines. N. £sf ^., it will 
stimulate others to send information. Why not invite 
information in your pages? I should suggest lists of: 
I, Screens. 2, Parcloses. 3, Painted Glass (before 17th cent.) 
4, Coats of arms, on tombs or windows. 5, Maidens' Crowns 
(of which there is one in Springthorpe Church). 6, Old Armour. 

£. Leaton-Blenkinsopp. 

Springthorpe Re£iory^ Gainsborough, 

76. Obsolete Words in Cony Estate Book (Vol. II. 
No. 45, p. 62). — Your correspondent. Josh. Walker, is hardly 
corred in his explanation of Keeler. Keeler is cooler. To "keel 
the pot" is to take it off the fire, and set it on the floor. The 
vessel of staves, with one long stave, is called a sl^eel^ and has 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 93 

nothing to do with keeling. A skeel is a large vessel, always 
used in milking cows. The long stave is to aid in steadying 
the vessel when lifting it on and off the head, on which it is 
carried. As a Northumbrian, I am perfefUy acquainted with 
these words. They are not obsolete, but are in use still. 

Sile is in use in all parts of England. A Siling Bmvl is a 
wooden bowl with a square hole; this hole is covered with fine 
wire; through it the fresh milk is poured. 

Both words are in HaUhuelL 

Springthorpe Re£fory, E. Leaton Blenkinsopp. 

c#> <#» ^#1 t#l ^#1 I^X ^1 t#l ^1 l9l ^1 Al Al Al Al Al Aliftx j^XjjI JX JX JX JX JX JXiftX j^XiftX jftiiftx jftu#x t#l 


Half-an-Hour in Grantham Church, By the Rev. Duncan 
WooDROFFE, M.A., Reftor of Stroxton, and some time Curate 
of Grantham. Grantham : Lyne & Son. Pp. 40. [1890.] 

In his dainty little Half^n-Hour in Grantham Churchy which 
in its form, style, and getting up does much credit to Mr. Lyne, 
its publisher, Mr, Woodrofrc has given us what we may safely 
pronounce a model guide-book. Pleasing in style, clear and 
accurate in description, well arranged and illustrated, and (no 
small merit) not too prolix, it combines all the characteristics 
that we look for, and too often look for in vain, in such works. 
Mr. WoodrofFe has brought to it the essential qualifications of 
thorough acquaintance with his subje£l, and an enthusiastic 
admiration for it, an admiration with which he desires, and in 
many cases we are sure successfully, to inspire his readers. 

Mr. WoodrofFe modestly disclaims any originality. He tells 
us he has " borrowed from — nay, rather plundered the works 
of others, who are qualified to speak with more authority than 
he can pretend to do on some questions of history, architecture, 
and archaeology. He has ^^no new theories or explanations" to 
propound, the ^^only credit he claims," and he has fairly earnt 
it, is to have "brought within everybody's reach and compre- 
hension" the results of others' labours. 

The praCUcal usefulness of this little "Guide" is much 
increased by the well-engraved ground plan, in which, with a 
great advantage in respedl of clearness, the key letters and 
figures, by which, not only every architectural feature but every 
window IS distinguished, are printed in red ink, with corres- 

94 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

ponding references in the description, enabling the visitor at 
once to refer from one to the other, and obviating all confusion 
and risk of mistakes. 

The architedural history of the church is clearly traced, and 
the visitor can follow the gradual growth of the building, bit by 
bit, from the short Semi-Norman Nave (we must take exception 
to the term " Norman " being applied, without qualification, to a 
work of all but Transitional charafter) with its narrow lean-to 
aisles and low clerestory, through its reconstruftion, commenc- 
ing at the close of the 13th century with the prolongation of the 
Nave and the building of the North Aisle, rightly styled by 
Mr. WoodrofFe, "grand and efFeftive in its noble proportions," 
and carried on with "hesitating piecemeal" progress on the 
South side, where it culminates in the grand Lady Chapel, with 
its bonehouse Crypt below (once called "the Scolpe "), a fine 
example of late decorated work, and the Chapel of Corpus Christi, 
the work of Bishop Fox, of Winchester (a native of the neigh- 
bouring parish of Ropsley), " a remarkably perfect specimen of 
the best Perpendicular style," corresponding to it on the North, 
with which, and the Sepulchral Chapel of John Hall, now the 
Vestry, and the very late and poor tracery of the great East 
window, the architeftural history of the Church closes. 

The noble tower and its crowning spire find their due place 
in Mr. WoodrofFe's account. What he says of them is not a 
bit too eulogistic. There are few finer compositions anywhere 
in England, or indeed in the world, uniting in such a marvellous 
way, majesty and grace. At the same time we hesitate to assign 
to it, with the late Sir Gilbert Scott, the second place among 
English steeples, Salisbury — of which Grantham was a prebend 
^-confessedly occupying the first. We should place another 
Lincolnshire steeple, that of Louth, above Grantham, which to 
our mind it surpasses in the pyramidal outline which charadlerizes 
the whole design, as it gathers in, stage after stage, with its 
constantly retreating buttresses, till the whole receives its perfeft 
consummation in the soaring shaft of its graceful spire. But it 
is not easy to decide between two such glorious architedural 
triumphs of which our county is so justly proud. 

We commend Mr. Woodroffe*s discretion in not hazard- 
ing any fi'esh conjedhire as to the architedlural history 
of the very remarkable North Porch — one of the most striking 
features of the church — and its original use. He calls attention 
to the utter carelessness of medieval builders for the best 
work of their predecessors shewn in the barbarous mutilation 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 95 

of the pediment of the glorious north door-way, one of the 
finest works of its age, by the construdlion of a chamber inside 
the porch, with a groined ceiling below. But the whole is, 
and is likely to remain an architedural puzzle. 

We cannot agree with the Author when he advises his 
readers to see the inside of the church before the outside. The 
contrary plan, though too seldom adopted, is certainly the right 
one, and should be followed by any one who wishes to under- 
stand the interior properly. The "strong tendency to get 
inside" a building "and see what is in it" is certainly natural. 
Children break their toys on the same principle. But we have 
always thought that it savoured rather of a childish and some- 
what vulgar curiosity. To rush into a church the moment the 
door is opened, instead of walking round it, learning what 
it consists of, and considering it in all its parts, is certainly 
what most people do, but it is wrong. May we express a 
hope that before the next edition of his excellent little work is 
called for, which will not be long, Mr. WoodrofFe will review 
his judgment and see his way to give other and sounder advice. 

Historical Notices of the Parish of Holbeach^ in the County of 
Lincoln \ with Memorials of its Clergy from A.D. 122^ to the 
Present Time By the Rev. G. W. Macdonald, Vicar of 
St. Mark's, Holbeach. ( Printed for Subscribers.) King's Lynn : 
C. H. Foster. 1890. Pp. viii., 280. Demy 8vo. 

Eleven years ago Mr. Macdonald published a pamphlet on 
Holbeach, for the benefit of the Church Restoration Fund. 
This was, however, a very incomplete work ; and having to be 
issued with some haste, allowed no careful examination of the 
less accessible records of the place. The interval has been 
usefully employed by Mr. Macdonald in working up a subje£l 
in which he evidently takes an enthusiastic interest, and the 
result is the above-mentioned work of 280 pp., adorned by 
four illustrations (lithographs), namely, of the noble parish 
church (but sadly out of perspeftive), and its daughter churches 
of St. Mark and St. Matthew, and a portrait of the Rev. George 
Arnet, the vicar in Stukeley's time. 

It was justly remarked by Lord Brabourne^ in Murray* s 
Magazine for November, 1889, that while Lincolnshire is 
remarkable for having no real County History, it at the same 
time possesses considerable materials for one in the unusual 
number of good local topographies belonging to the county, to 
the list of which Mr. Macdonald's book may now be 


96 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

added. It is too paragraphic in style, and is in the earlier part 
somewhat overloadea with general matter, very slightly 
concerning Holbeach in particular if at all ; but being once feirly 
started it keeps to its subje£l, and exhibits a very large amount 
of carefully collefted information from a considerable variety 
of sources. Although we look in vain for a table of contents, 
yet we observe with great pleasure an index. 

Considering the scale of the work at present, we think that 
scarcely enough space has been given to the architedlure of the 
very nnc and remarkable church; scarcely more, indeed, 
than in the original pamphlet. By the time that these lines 
reach our readers this church will have been visited by the 
Lincolnshire Architectural Society, and perhaps some further 
evidences of its history traced out. The tracery of the aisle 
windows, for example, though somewhat coarse, is very bold 
and varied, and wants detailed notice. Again, one would 
certainly wish to hear more of the very singular north porch 
than that "it seems an afterthought. It seems a much later 
addition to the building, and is in need of restoration." It 
should not be impossible to fix its date very closely, if not with 
absolute certainty, and perhaps some reason may be assigned for 
the remarkable design of the circular flanking towers. The 
Littlebury monument is described on p. 83, but not referred to 
in the description of the church, and the brasses are not 
mentioned at all, except in Holies' Notes of one. 

Holbeach has a rather distinguished list of townsmen, besides 
its two most eminent natives, Henry Rands, or Holbeche, 
Bishop of Lincoln, and Stukeley, the great antiquary; no less 
than four vicars having been raised to the episcopate. These 
were Antony Bek, the great Bishop of Durham, 1283; 
Thomas Swyllington, Bishop in partibus of Philadelphia, 1534; 
Jacob Mountain, first Bishop of Quebec, 1793; and Edward 
Maltby, Bishop of Chichester, 1031, and of Durham, 1836. 
We should gladly have seen a careful estimate of the charafier 
of Bishop Holoeche, from all available records. That his 
episcopate was the most irreparably injurious of all to the 
diocese is certain ; but it is possible that some evidence might 
be brought forward to prove that he really attempted to resist 
the outrageous spoliation. It is clearly no defence to say with 
Mr. Macdonald "that it is easy to misjudge those who lived in 
difficult times." The charge against Holbeche is that no other 
bishop in those difficult times apparently proved so pliant a tool, 
or took such dired part in the work of robbery. 




Notes & Queries. 

HE Abbey of Barlings was founded in 
1 154 for Premonstratensian Canons, and 
dedicated to St. Mary. Such a small 
portion of the tower ruins is now left that 
Buck's drawing of the Abbey tower, 
engraved in 1726, which is reproduced on 
the opposite page, is not without consider- 
able interest. 

The site of the Abbey was formerly called Oxeney, and hence 
the Abbey itself is sometimes called Oxeney, and on two of the 
Abbey Seals allusion is made to this second name by the 
representation of an ox in one instance,* and the head of an ox 
in another.t 

In Lincolnshire history, Barlings Abbey is best known 
through the prominent part played by Abbot Mackarell in the 
Rebeflion of 1536, and for which he was hanged. When the 
country rose at Horncasrle, the Abbot and Canons assembled 
clad in armour, a retainer of the Abbey carried the celebrated 
banner representing the five wounds of Christ, and the Abbey 
supplied the provisions for the assembled multitude,^ 

• Brit. Mui, Harl. C*., 44 H, 16. (S«l.) 

t H^l. a., 4-S A. 4. (StKl.) 

j Froudc, Hill. 0/ Englmi. London, 1S79. 8va. Vol. II., f. 518. 

Vol. 2. — Part 4. h All 

98 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

All that now remains of the ruins is a portion of one of the 
walls of the tower, and this too will, in all probability, in a very 
few years, have disappeared. 

£. JL. G* 

78. Family Register of Bishop Nicholas Bullingham. 
— Mr. Robert Roberts, of Boston, whose colledion of early 
printed English Bibles and his acquaintance with their 
distinftive peculiarities are known to many of our readers, has 
in his library a fine copy of the 1533 edition of Fahyarfs 
Chronicle^ printed by Rastell. This volume appears to have 
been at one time in the possession of Nicholas Bullingham, 
successively Bishop of Lincoln (i 560-1 571) and of Worcester 
(157 1 -1 576), and to have been aised by him for the register 
of the births of his children, such as commonly finds a more 
appropriate place in the blank leaves of the " Family Bible." 
Perhaps he thought that a book of Chronicles of the History 
of England was a not unfitting place to record the chronicle 
of his own prolific stock. The entries are written on the 
upper margins of six consecutive pages of the "Table of 
Contents," one only (No. 4), being written on the lower margin. 
The close shaving of the binder has slightly mutilated one or 
two of the entries, but not so as to render them unintelligible. 
The interest of these entries is much enhanced for Lincoln- 
shire readers by the addition of the names of the respedive 
godfathers and godmothers of the children, which include 
members of several well-known Lincolnshire femilies. These 
have been elucidated by the kindness of the Rev. A. R.Maddison, 
whose wide and accurate acquaintance with the genealogies of 
our county is only commensurate with his readiness to allow 
others to profit by it. . The courtesy of Mr. Roberts must also 
have due acknowledgment, in communicating these interesting 
entries. As he remarked, " it is somewhat singular that after 
so many years the book containing them should get back from 
London into the county of its former owner, and that it should 
quietly remain on the shelves of its new owner nearly twenty 

(rears before he read the MS. entries and became aware of their 
ocal interest." 

The entries begin with August, 1553, and end with 
November, 1570. Bullingham was twice married. All the 
children named but one were by his first wife, Margaret, who 
died a month after the birth of her son Nicholas, and was 
buried at Buckden, 27th October, 1566. By his second wife 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 99 

only one child, a son, Joseph, is recorded j who was born 
27th November, 1570. The next year Bishop BuUingham 
was translated to Worcester. I have no evidence whether his 
family received any additions there. None appear in the 
Fabyan catalogue. 

With regard to the first two names on the list, John and 
Frances, there is a difficulty which at present appears insoluble. 
John, it is expressly stated, was born on the 3rd August, " in 
the last year of Edward the Sixth immediately after Queen 
Mary was proclaimed at Lincoln." This fixes the child's 
birth in the summer of 1553. Edward died 6th July in that 
year, and Mary was proclaimed Queen in London on the 19th. 
She made her entry in sovereign state into London on the same 
day on which the entry states she was proclaimed in Lincoln 
and the child was born. So far all is clear. But the registers 
of the parish of St. Margaret (for access to which I am . 
indebted to the kindness of Canon Barrettl contain the 
following entry, under the year 1553, "Mr. BuUingham had a 
child baptized the six daie of Marche named firauncis." Now 
the " Fabyan list," as we may call it, records that on this same 
day, 19th March, "being Thursday, ffraunces was born, and 
christened the same day in St. Margaretts Churche within 
the close in Lincoln." No year is named. But in the year 
1553 the 19th March fell on a Thursday, and thus it is certain 
that the "Fabyan" and "St. Margarets" entries refer to the 
same infant. The sex, which is rendered doubtful by the 
variation of the word "Franc/s" and "France" — the modern 
distin£tion not having been established — is proved by the 
names of the sponsors. The two godfathers, after the first of 
whom. Sir Francis Ayscough, the child was named, shew that 
it was a boy. 

It is impossible that the same parents should have had one 
son born to them in March and another the following August, 
and the dates being so definite, it seems equally impossible that 
there is any error in the entries. The suggestion that one 
entry refers to the civil and the other to the legal and 
ecclesiastical year is negatived by the fad that the entries in 
the St. Margaret's register at this period are evidently arranged 
according to the former and not the latter calculation. The 
group of baptisms for each year is headed with the date in 
Arabid numerals, and begins with the earlier months, January 
or February, and ends with the later, the crucial date, March 
24th, not being regarded. The problem seems insoluble with 



loo Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

our existing data. Is it possible that "John" was the child 
of another family of Bullingham ? The St. Margaret's register 
proves that others of that name were resident in Lincoln. 

As a married man, on Mary's accession, Bullingham was at 
once deprived of all his ecclesiastical preferments, and leaving 
Lincoln, returned to his mother's house in St. Helen's parish 
in his native city of Worcester. Here, in the November of 
the following year, his son Edward was born, and was 
baptized in St. Helen's Church. 

On the outbreak of the Marian persecution, Bullingham, 
feeling himself in danger as a pronounced Protestant, concealed 
himself until he found means to escape beyond seas. He 
appears to have arrived at Emden about 5th December, 1 554. 
Whether his wife accompanied him or not does not appear. 
He returned to England on the accession of Elizabeth, and on 
the petition, to Cecil, of Sir Francis Ayscough (who appears as 
one of the sponsors of his son Francis), he was restored to 
his Archdeaconry and other preferments at Lincoln. Arch- 
bishop Parker, who valued him much, appointed him his 
chaplain, in which capacity he aded as his proxy at the 
confirmation of his eledlion, and assisted at his consecration, 
17th December, 1559. A month later, the deprivation of 
Bishop Watson, one of the Marian prelates, left the see of 
Lincoln vacant, and he was consecrated in the second group of 
Elizabethan bishops, 21st January, 1559-60. The palace at 
Lincoln now ceased to be the abode of the bishops, who 
thenceforward made the episcopal manor-house at Buckden, in 
Huntingdonshire, their stated residence, as it continued to be 
to our own times. It was here that BuUingham's four 
remaining children were born, beginning with two daughters, 
both named Susan, after their maternal grandmother, each of 
whom died in infancy. Susan the first was born i8th August, 
1 561, and died the following December, and was buried on the 
23rd of that month ; Susan the second was born 8th Odober, 
1563, and was buried 15th May, 1564. The bishop's son and 
namesake, Nicholas, was born in 1566. His birth was soon 
followed by the death of his mother, Margaret Bullingham, 
who was buried 27th Odlober, 1566. The only recorded 
child christened Joseph, by BuUingham's second wife, was born 
in 1570. The following year Bullingham succeeded Bishop 
Sandys, on his translation to London, as Bishop of Worcester, 
where he departed this life, "much respefted and beloved," 
18th April, 1576. He died largely in debt, leaving his second 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. loi 

wife and children in such great indigence that a petition on 
their behalf was addressed to the Queen, 17th June, 1576. 
Of its result we are not informed. But Elizabeth had no 
liking for married prelates, and was not inclined to shew much 
compassion towards their widows and orphans. Bullingham 
was buried in the Jesus Chapel, on the north side of the nave 
of Worcester Cathedral. The recumbent effigy is of singular 
design, only the upper and lower part of the figure being visible. 
The epitaph is as follows: 

*' Here born, here bishop, buried here, 
A BuUyngham by name and stock ; 
A man twice married in God's fear. 

Chief pastor late of Lyncolne flock, 
Whom Oxford trained up in youth, 

Whom Cambridge do^or did create, 
A painful preacher of Gods truth 

Who changed this life for happy fate. 
18 April, 1 576." 

The Bishop^s son Nicholas became the lessee of the prebendal 
manor of Ketton, in Rutland. He added /6 13s. 4d. to the 
stipend of the vicar. He was rated to a subsidy, 22 James I., 
at ^5, and 4 Charles I. at ^6. He was succeeded in the 
estate by his son Richard, who, 17th April, 1628, married at 
Pilton, Jane, the daughter of Thomas Brudenell, of London. 
His son John, who married the daughter and co-heiress of 
Evers Armyne, of Ketton, served the office of Sheriff of 
Rutland in 1685. His two sons, Armyne and Nicholas, were 
also Sherifis of the county in 1695 and in 1703.* 

The entries in Fabyan, arranged in chronological order, are 
as follows: 

*'Jhon was born iij Auguste in the last year of Kinge 
Edward the vj*** and immedyatly after quene mary was 
proclaimed in Lincolne." [iSS3«] 

"ffrawnces was born the xix day of marche beinge thursday 
betweene on and to of the cloke after mydnighte and was 
christened the same thursday at on of the clocke in the after- 
noon in sain£le margaretts churche w^in the close in Lincoln 
syr frawncis askughe* knighte & mr. Thomas grantham** god- 
fathers & maistres Joice dighton® godmother." 

^'Edward Bullingham was borne in the howse of Susan 
Bullingham in Worceter vpon Sain£te Andrewes even anno 
dni mcccccliiij and was christened in sainde Elens churche^ 

* Blore's Rutland, pp. 1 80, 18 1. 


I02 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Christopher dighton and Richarde bullingham godfathers and 
my mother S. b. godmother." 

" Susan Bullingam* the fyrst was born at Bugden the xviij*** 
day of Auguste anno 1561 [or 2?] between iiij and v of the 
clocke and was cristened the Sonday followinge beinge sainde 
Bartolomewes day syr laurence taylor god fether and mres may 
now marryed to do<^or yale and mres Todd godmothers." 

" Susan t the seconde % was born at Bugden the viij day of 
odober betwen on or ij of the clocke after mydnight and was 
cristened in the p'ishe cherche of bugden the Sunday followinge 
viz the xj*** of Oftober [1563] my lady Tyrwhit* and mres 
Kox' wife to my lord of Ely gcfdmother, and dodor Yale 

'^Nicholas Bullingham was born at Bugden the Saturday 
next before michelmas day [September 24th] anno 1566 
Syr Roberte tyrwhit Knight the elder* beinge god father and 
Christopher dighton of Woorceter the other godfather and my 
lady darcy his godmother and his mother depted xxj Odober 
1566, before she was cherched." 

"Joseph Bullingham was born [the Monday before Saint] 
Andrews day w"** was the xxvij*** of* november and was 
christened at Bugden the thursday after beinge sain 61 Andrews 
day M' Scambler busshop of peterburgh and maister darryngton 
Esquyer godfathers, and mres mathew his aunt godmother he 
was born in the afternoon about fy ve of the clocke anno domi 
1570, and anno Elizabeth xiij." 

[Mr. Maddison has supplied the following notes on the 

* Sir Francis Askugh, or Ayscough, was head of the family 
of Stallingborough and South Kelsey in co. Lincoln. He is 
said to have betrayed his sister, Anne Ayscough, the martyr, 
into the hands of the ofEcers of justice. He died in 1563. 

^ Thomas Grantham was probably a son of Vincent 
Grantham, of St. Katherine's, Lincoln, by his third wife, 
Bridget Hansard. 

^ Mrs. Joice Dighton was the widow of a Robert Dighton 
of Great Sturton, and mother-in-law of the above Sir Francis 
Ayscough. She died in 1571, and was buried in Lincoln 
Cathedral, near her husband. 

* Buried at Buckden, 23rd December, 1 561. 
f Buried at Buckden, 15th May, 1564. 
i " Seconde " interlined. 

* Christopher 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 103 

* Christopher Dighton was, in all probability, a brother or 
nephew of Robert Dighton, of Great Sturton, in co. Lincoln, 
a member of a wealthy mercantile family, which gave a mayor 
to Lincoln in 1494. 

^S. b.'* are clearly the initials of Susan Bullingham, in 
whose house the child was born. 

• Lady Tyrwhit was probably the wife of Sir Robert 
Tyrwhit, of Kettleby, in co. Lincoln. 

' Mrs. Kox was the first wife of Richard Coxe, bishop of 
Ely. . 

« Sir Robert Tyrwhit is called " the elder " to distinguish 
him from his son Robert, who was also knighted, and whose 
daughter Catherine married Sir Henry Darcy, Knight, and 
was the godmother.] 

Edmund Venables. 

79. The Ancient Population of Lincolnshire. — 
When attempting to describe the most ancient population of 
Lincolnshire, the prevalent idea seems to have been that it was 
tenanted by a race of light-haired persons. Even in the time of 
Strabo ( a.d. i ) the population, however, seems to have been of 
a darker tint than the inhabitants of Gaul. Strabo, describing 
this race, says, "The men are taller than the Celts of Gaul, 
their hair is not so yellow, and their limbs are more loosely 
knit. To show how tall they are I may say that I saw myself 
some young men at Rome, and they were taller by six inches 
than anyone else in the city, but they were bandy-legged and 
had a clumsy look." Here we have a statement that the 
British were darker than the Celts of Gaul. The great master 
of French anthropology, Broca, has maintained that there 
never have been any Celts in Great Britain, and moreover 
that no British people ever called themselves Celts ; they were 
never so called by ancient writers, and they do not possess the 
physical character of the Celts of history. The real Celts he 
considers are the people of central France, who are the 
descendants of the Celts of Cxsar ; so that the term Celt is an 
anthropological misnomer, if applied to either of the two 
British races by whom what is commonlv called Celtic speech 
is spoken, either the tall red-haired Irisnman and Scot, or the 
short, dark, dolichocephalous race of Donegal, Galway, Kerry, 
and South Wales. 

Looking at the population of Lincolnshire, a highly mixed 
population, we have the dictum of Dr. Beddoe, that 

" Nottinghamshire 


104 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

"Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire are Anglo-Danish coun- 
ties y in the latter, as far as the borders of the Fens, the Danish 
element is peculiarly strong. Lindum may have survived the 
Anglian conquest, but the modern population of Lincoln yield 
no traces of the fact ; they are a &ir and handsome people, with 
regular features ; * blue-eyed,' says Professor Phillips ; blue or 
light-hazely Dr. Beddoe should say. The latter hue is very 
conspicuous at Boston, where the county folk remind me 
strongly of the peasantry near Antwerp." 

Here we have Dr. Beddoe admitting a Danish element in 
Lincolnshire. The modern Danes are according to him of 
the same type as the round barrow people. The mearcephalic 
index of the Danes is 80*5, and their average height nearly 
5 feet 7 inches. The hair of the Danes, according to 
Dr. Beddoe, is either pale yellow or light brown, and their eyes 
are almost invariably light in colour, usually either blue or 
bluish grey. Some of the Danes appear, however, to be dark. 
Dr. Beddoe found a black-haired race in the Island of Moen. 
where brachycephalic skulls have been found in ancient graves. 
These black-haired Danes may be the Dubhgoil, or " Black 
Strangers," who are contrasted by Irish chroniclers, who ascribe 
the viking inroads, to the Finisgail, or fair strangers, who 
are supposed to have been Norwegians. Canon Taylor 
considers that we may thus account for the tall, dark, brachy- 
cephalic people who are met with in some of the Danish 
districts in England. One of these individuals is before me, a 
tall, dark, brachycephalic individual, with a tendency toward 
maxillary prognathism and large malar bones, the hair is almost 
black, the skin as dark as a Spaniard ; and the words of 
Byron describe the male individual: 

*' He was a man as dusky as a Spaniard, 
Sunburnt with travel, yet a portly figure. 
Though coloured, as it were, within a tan-yard, 
He was a person both of sense and vigour." 

This population is found in every village in Lincolnshire. 
It is not as H. J. appears to suppose, merely confined to 
the Isle of Axholme, but is found in the population of the 
Fens, as well as in the uplands of the Spilsby limestone, 
that Mr. Jukes-Browne has so minutely described. There are 
those who will infer the fad that the element is a dark one, 
that it is Cumraeg or Cimbric, and that it may indicate the 
existence of a Jutish population, which still exists in Kent. It 
may be so, but we know very little about the Jutes. We have 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 105 

no certain data whereon to found an estimate of the numbers 
of the Scandinavian invaders. The rapidity of the movements 
of their hosts, and the ease with which they obtained horses in 
number sufficient for their purposes, give us the idea of small 
bands of buccaneers, rather than of important national 
migrations. Moreover, it is difficult to understand how the 
denizens of three counties, one of which was small, the second 
mostly uninhabitable, and the third certainly has been, and is 
now, thinly populated, could have furnished a sufficient 
number of fighting men to maintain incessant broils at home, 
while th^ were plundering the whole coasts of Europe, 
peopling Iceland, Shetland and Orkney, together with cities, 
provinces, and islands in Great Britain, Ireland, and France, 
and acquiring a great and sometimes preponderant influence in 
the politics of all these countries, as well as of Russia. The 
exaggeration of the influence of the Danish conquest of 
England, has perhaps led to a light-haired population being 
expeded, and of course found. It is difficult, however, to 
identify the population of which I have indicated a type with 
the population of Holderness, in Yorkshire, from Flamborough 
Head to Spurn Head, which is also called Danish, and which is 
a flaxen-haired, blue-eyed people. We see, therefore, that it is 
possible that the dark-haired population of Lincolnshire may 
be a remnant of the old Coritavi (not Coritani) who were 
darker than the Celts of Gaul, and consequently must have 
been a very dark race of men. We see in this ancient British 
tribe, the real ancestors of the dark-haired population of 
Lincolnshire. It has survived in the midst of Saxon 
civilization. It has maintained its individuality when exposed 
to the ravages of a mixed horde of filibusters, which we group 
under the vague name of Dane, and of whom a part was 
brachycephalous dark Cimbri ; and a part light dolicho- 
cephalous Scandinavian; and it survives still in the most 
industrious, hardy and resolute population of the eastern counties. 

T. Robinson, M.D. 

80. The Gentry of Lincolnshire of 1634 {continued.) 


fVllliam Sharpe Bourn 

Fincent Sheffield Croxby 

Ambrose Shepard Hemingby 

Robert Sherard Gautby 

John Sherard 


io6 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 



































Thomas * 

















East Kirkby 
















The Close, Lincobi 


















East Somercotes 


Castle Bytham 






'l*he Close, Lincoln 





































Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 








Sir miliam 



























Sir Philip 







Doewood Grange 
















• • • • 



• • • • 






\ John 





























Disclaimer, i 
























io8 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

























Market Stainton 




Sir Hamon 










































Sir Robert 

















Sir John 











Market Rasen 













• • • ■ 









Disclaimer, . 





EvERARD Green, F.S.A. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 109 

81. Fines of Lincoln Citizens for an Assault on 
THE Jews, a.d. 1190. — ^The murderous assault made on the 
Jews of London on the occasion of the coronation of Richard L, 
September 3rd and 4th, 11 89, is a familiar fzA in history. It 
is also well known that the fiinatical fury spread, and that the 
Jews of many of the chief towns and cities of England were 
pillaged or grievously maltreated by the populace, led on by 
the principal inhabitants. Every Jew's house was made the 
mark for a hostile attack. Those of the wealthier being 
commonly built of stone for the safe custody of their treasures, 
of which we have examples in Lincoln in the houses of Aaron 
the Jew and of Belaset of Wallingford on the Steep Hill, were 
too strong to be broken into, and were often fired over the 
inmates' heads, not a few of whom lost their lives. Though 
the pretext of this widespread onslaught on the Jews was that 
of religion, the chronicler Knighton says plainly that it was 
not really *' for the cause of faith, but out of gaping for their 
goods," to which we may add the very natural desire on the 
part of those deeply in their debt to destroy the "starra," or 
bonds, by which their indebtedness could be proved in a court 
of law. 

Richard L was entirely free from all complicity in these 
atrocious outrages, which, indeed, as the fines levied on their 
perpetrators shew, were very offensive to him, as involving the 
injury or death of his live chattels, whose persons and substance 
were the sovereign's property out of which he drew very 
profitable revenues. Richard was a complete stranger to his 
realm, and the passing visit he paid to England on his accession 
was merely made to receive his crown, and to gather money 
for the crusade on which he speedily started. His presence 
was some prote£tion to his live chattels, and he had scarcely 
taken his departure when the Jews in every part of England 
were made sensible of the loss of his strong prote£ting arm. 
The lords and knights who were hastening to join Richard's 
standard in the wars in Palestine — " holy soldiers," Prynnc 
sarcastically terms them — thought they should be doing good 
service if they took the opportunity of the fanatical fury 
recently awakened, to flesh their swords in an assault on these 
enemies.iof the Cross they had assumed. In February, 1190, 
the Jews of Norwich were assaulted, many were slain, and 
their houses were burnt. The same took place at Lynn. In 
March and April similar atrocities were committed at Bury 
St. Edmunds and at Stamford, from which the infe£Uon spread to 


1 1 o Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Lincoln and York, at which latter places the chief massacre 
took place, described with such graphic power by William of 
Newburgh. The York massacre had its climax on Palm 
Sunday, 1190. The attack on the Lincoln Jews may have 
been a little earlier. The adhial date is not given, nor are any 
details preserved, beyond the hA that here, as they had previously 
done at Stamford, the Jews, having been timely warned, retired 
to the Castle with their scrolls, bonds, and the chief of their 
treasure, and put themselves under the prote6Kon of the 
Governor, Gerard de Camville. Many of the Jews may have 
thus saved their lives and property, but their escape from their 
hands would whet the fury of their assailants, who would 
wreak vengeance on those who failed to gain that place of 
shelter, and on the houses and property of those who were 
beyond their ferocity. 

So serious an infradion of the King's peace, and the injury 
done to the King's Jews, did not go unpunished. The case 
of the assault was brought before the Royal Justiciars in 1191, 
and the ringleaders, including some of the most influential 
citizens, several of whom had been "propositi," were fined 
very heavily. The severity of the mulft is shewn by the 
amounts of the fines imposed. They vary from £100 paid by 
William son of Warren — a really enormous sum, considering 
the then purchasing power of money — and the 40 marks paid 
by Leofwin the moneyer, to half a mark, the lowest amerce- 
ment. The total number of marks levied was 377^, to 
which must be added the hundred pounds already mentioned, 
and ^16 lOJ. reckoned by shillings. The sum total of the fines 
was ^367 i6j. Sd, The amercements were not entirely paid 
for several years. The names of those muldled appear 
" sparsim " on subsequent rolls, e,g.y 6 Richard L, William de 
Bellofago, a member of one of the leading city families, 
appears as indebted in the sum of £6 6s, 8^. for this outrage. 

The roll contains 93 entries. It is a very interesting 
record of the names of the leading citizens at the close of the 
twelfth century, and the occupations of some of them. It 
will be seen that surnames, properly speaking, were not then 
recognised. The larger proportion of those appearing on the 
list are simply known as the sons of their fathers, e.g.^ 
William the son of Lambert, Hugh the son of John, Roger 
son of the Smith ; or of their mothers, e,g,y Nichol the son of 
Gunhilda; or by their other relationships, e.g,^ Robert the son- 
in-law of Lambert, Robert the grandson of Goscelin, Roger 


Lincolnshire O^tes ^ ilueries. 

^^& ^^^ ^^& ^^^ ^^& ^^& ^^& ^^^ ^^& ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ 

With the commencement of a new volume (Vol. III., Jan., 
1892,) the Editors venture to hope that the present number of 
subscribers will be fully sustained, and that new subscribers 
may be induced to assist in the circulation of the Magazine 
throughout the County. 

Hearty co-operation, both in the matter of contributions and 
subscriptions, goes a long way to lighten the work of the Editors, 
who are most anxious to maintain the interest taken in Lines. 
N. ^ ^., and to provide a suitable Record of the Antiquarian 
History of the County. 

EDITORS Lines. N. W ^. 
Horneastlfy Oft., 1891. 

N.B.— The Publisher (W. K.Morton, Horncastle) will gladly 
forward, on request, a sample No. of Lines. N. f^ ^. to a 
probable new subscriber. 

Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 1 1 1 

the brother of William, &c. Others are distinguished by 
their personal characteristics, Jocelin the Tall (" longus **), 
Arnulf the Little ("parvus''), Gamul the Bald ("canus"), 
John Redhead ("rufus"), William Harefoot ("pesleporis"), &c. 
Others again by their country, e.g.^ Thomas of Paris, Marsilius 
of Flanders, Hugh of Flanders ; or their town or village, e,g,^ 
Robert of Bungay, William of Fiskerton; or their places of 
residence in Lincoln itself, Herbert, Siward, and Goscelin, all of 
Newport, Ulf of Hundegate, Lever ic of Potter Gate, Robert 
of the Cemetery of St. John (the modern Cornhill). The 
trade of the city gave a name to a considerable number ; the 
calling most largely represented is the tanners, four of whom 
were fined. Next, weavers — long the chief handicraft of our 
city — and parmcntars (" parmentarii "), or ornamental tailors, 
each of which calling contributed three to the fine roll. 
There appear one dyer, one mercer, and one draper, one 
moneyer, and one porter. Two are designated as palmers, as 
having journeyed to the Holy Land and brought Iraclc a palm 
branch as a token of their pilgrimage. Godwin, like his 
fellow-townsman, '' Aaron the Jew," at an earlier date, is known 
as the " Rich," and Gilbert as the " Gay." 

" Fines for an assault on the Jews shortly subsequent to Richard 
the Firsfs coronation appearing in the accounts for 1191, i?^ 
having been imposed by the King*s fusticiars^ [Pipe Roll, 
3 Rich. L] 

" Jocelinus the Tall, 10 marks ; Robert the son of Rumfer, 
\ mark; Baldwin the Tanner, 10 marks; Ralph of Muston, 
I . mark ; Hugh the son of Ralf, 40s. ; William the son of 
Ougrim, 4 marks ; Walter the son of Wulmer, \ mark ; 
William of Kirkstead, \ mark ; William the son of Brictius, 
I mark ; Hugh the son of John, \ mark ; Wiger the Palmer, 
20J.; Roger the son of Brand, 10 marks; William Palmer, 
I mark ; Gundred the Tanner, 3 marks ; Turcot the Tanner, 
4 marks; Richard Suane, ioj. ; Godwin the Rich, 5 marks; 
Richard the Tall, i mark j John the son of Swane, 2 marks ; 
Thomas of Paris, 10 marks; Fulcho the Tanner, 2 marks; 
Roger the Weaver, 20j. ; William the son of Lambert, lOOJ. ; 
Robert the son of Swartbrand, 3 marks ; Simon the son of 
Toke, 3 marks; Alan the son of Brand, 6 marks; Robert 
the grandson of Gosceline, i mark; Nichol the son of 
Gunhilda, 2 marks; Martin the son of Aldric, 15 marks, 
Wigot the son of Wigot, 20j. ; Arnulf the Little, 3 marks ; 


112 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Richard the son of James, lo marks; Ivo the son of Brand, 
3 marks; Ralf the son of Lambert, 40 marks; Gamul the 
Bald, 205, ; Alan the Dyer, \ mark ; Roger the son of the 
Smith, 2 marks ; Hamo the son of Lambert, i mark ; Roger 
the son of Accmund, 20J.; Levric of Pottergate, \ mark; 
William Harefoot (pesleporis), 2 marks ; William of Fiskerton, 
15 marks; Robert the son-in-law of Lambert, 2 marks; 
Richard the son of Asa, 2 marks; William Collecnape, i mark; 
Robert the son of Alnoth, i mark ; Fulco the son of William, 
2 marks; Robert of the Cemetery of St. John, 5 marks; 
William the grandson of James, \ mark; William the son of 
Walter, 4 marks; Roger the brother of William, 3 marks; 
Milo the Porter, 4 marks; Peter the son-in-law of Leofric, 
^ mark ; Roger of Legerton, 5 marks ; Hugh Paynel, 5 marks ; 
Siward of Newport, 2 marks ; Herbert of Newport, 2 marks ; 
Martin the son of Joceline, i mark; Fulco the Mercer, 
I mark; Arnulf the Parmentar, ^ mark; John the son of 
Walter, 20J.; Ulf of Hundegate, 12 marks; Osbert the son of 
Turgar, 5 marks ; Robert the son of Ermine, 20J, ; Adam 
Blund, 2 marks; Ralf the son of Walter, 4 marks; Robert 
of Bungay, ^ mark; Arnisius the Weaver, i mark; John the 
son of Hugh, 3 marks; Marsilius of Flanders, 4 marks; 
Lefwin the Moneyer, 40 marks ; Norman the Weaver, i mark ; 
Reimbaldus of Wigford, 20 marks; Simon the son of Alan, 
I mark; Constantius, 20x.; Hugh of Flanders, 20 marks; 
John the Redhead, 201.; William the son of Gladwin, ^ mark; 
Lambert the Draper, 4 marks ; Boniface, i mark ; Gerard the 
Parmentar, 5 marks; Ewan the son of Walter, \ mark; 
Richard the son of Sirild, 6 marks; Robert of Gayton, 
^ mark ; Thomas the son of Goda, ^ mark ; William the son 
of Orgar, 3 marks ; Walter Dod, 4 marks ; Gilbert the Gay, 
10 marks; Robert the son of G^mel, 2 marks; William the 
son of Warner, 100 pounds; Richard Villanus, \ mark; 
Warin the Parmentar, \ mark; Arnald Coggonus, \ mark; 
Goscelin of Newport, \ mark ; Peter Thor, \ mark." 

Edmund Venables. 

82. Inquisitions, p.m., co. Linc, temp. Henry VH. — 

Chancery Inq., post mortem^ 9 Henry VIL, No 71. 

Sir Thomas Scrope, knight, late of Upsale. 

Inquisition taken at Ankcastre, 20 April, 9 Henry VII. [ a.d. 

1494], by the oath of Robert Baynbrygge, John Swynton, 

John Patman, Henry Adam, John Gregory, Robert Seymer, 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 1 1 3 

William Gre . . ., Richard Calver, John Cutbcrt, Thomas 
Godsalve, John Downe,and William Baxster. Who say that Sir 
Thomas Scrope, knight, held in his demesne as of fee, 4 mes- 
suages, 39^. 10^^. of annual rent in Grymesbye, to be received 
annually by the hands of divers free tenants there, which are held 
of the King in free bur^ge, as the whole vill of Grimesby is held. 

The said Thomas lord le Scrop held one acre of land in 
Belesby, of Elizabeth Vaus, lady ofBelesby, and the reversion of 
the manors of Souththoresby and Westlayn^ton, after the death 
of William Claxton, who holds them for his ufe by a demise made 
to him and Alianora, late his wife, during their life, by Elizabeth 
Scrop, grandmother of the same Thomas, whose heir he is. 

The said Thomas was seized in fee of the manor of Carleton 
Scrop, and he thereof enfeoffed James Strangweys, and others 
to the use of John Scrop, his brother, during his life, and after 
the death of the said John, to the use of the said Thomas and 
his heirs forever. 

The said manor of Carleton Scrop is held of Cecilia Duchess 
of York, by fealty and a rent of one arrow by the year, called 
"a brode arowe, for every service, &c. The said Thomas 
died [23 April, a.d. 1493], and Alice Scrop, the wife of Henry 
Scrop, is daughter of the same Thomas and his next heir, and 
she is of the age of 1 2 years and more. 

Chancery Inq.y post mortem^ 10 Hen. VII., No. 15. 
Sir John Grey, knight. Lord of Powes. 

Inquisition taken at Langwath, 15 Nov., 11 Henry VII. 
[a-d. 1495I, by the oath of William Coney, Richard . . . ., 
William Willyngham, Thomas Wildyng, Thomas Daweson, 
William Dawbney, William Gryme, Henry Dene, Simon 
Wraye, John Botton, Thomas Symson, and William Swaton. 
Who say that Sir John Grey, knight. Lord of Powes, was seized 
in his demesne as fee of the lordship or manor of Depyng, that 
he died 8 Nov. [a.d. 1494], and that John, Lord of rowys, 
of the age of 12 years, is his son and next heir. 

W. Boyd. 

83. GosBERTON Records. — The following records relating 
to this parish of Gosberton, may be of interest. The omitted 
letters in the contracted original Latin is shown by Italics 

Domesday Book. 
[Original.] [Translation.] 

Terra Epiteopi Lincolniemh, The land of the B'ttkop of Lincoln, 

f. 344 b. Manerium. f. 344 b. Manor. 

In Gozeberdecherca habetat Asli In Goseberdccherca [Gosberton] Asli 

I czTMcatam terrc ft vi houatas ad g^ldian. had one carucate of land and six 

I Tflra 

114 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Tern ad i arueam a vi boucs. Ibi 
Yiaiet Malgena I c^rucatam et xii 
uiUatios et ix hordarios cam iii carwix. 
Et I salina iii dtnariorum, Et xii acr^ 
proti et I 4ochMV/»9«M de tuo otto. 
Temfore Keffs Edvktrdi usklehat vi Whras, 
Modo iiii librtff. Tailla xx soli^. 

oxgangs liable to be /taxed. [There is] 
land for one plough and tix oxen. 
Malgerlias there one carucate and twelve 
villains and nine bordars, with three 
ploughs. And [there is] one saltpit 
worth 3d. And [he has] twelve acres 
of meadow and one sokeman of his 
garden. In the time of King Edward 
it was worth 6R, Now [it is worth] 
4/f. It is tallaged at 20s. 

The land of Earl Alan. 
f. 348 b. 
In Gosebertechirche [Gosberton], in 
the Soke of Draiton [there are] three 
carucates of land and two oxgangs liable 
to be taxed. [There is] land for three 
ploughs and two oxen. Of this land 
Vlbert has six oxgangs. [There are] 
one carucate there and two villains and 
ten bordars, with one plough. And [he 
has] six acres of meadow. And [there 
are] two saltpits worth lid. Two 
other carucates and four oxgangs are in 
the Soke of Draiton. AdesUn held six 
oxgangs ; and (Earl) Ralph had the soke. 
And these six were worth 45. in the 
time of King Edward. Now [they are 
worth] 40s. 

AuGMSNTATioN Oppice, Chantry Csrtipicates, Lincoln, Roll 33, No. 72. 


Terra Alam Comitis. 
f. 348 b. Soke. 
In Gosebertechirche Soca Dnitotu 
iii OLTucate terrc et 11 houate ad grldvm. 
Trrra ad in diTtuai etli bouex. De hac 
Terra hahet Vlbert vi bouatas. Ibi 
I czxucata et 11 mWam et x borddru cu» 
I carur^f. Et vi acr^is pr^ti. Et 11 saline 
XII denarfOTtfm. Alie 11 carucate et nil 
bouii/r sunt in Soca Draitow. Sex bouatas 
ten«// Adestan ; et socam habuit (comes)* 
Radulfus. Et he vi ualucrnif/ tempore 
Keps YJwardi nil wMdoi. ^Aodo xl 

Cotttaria Beate Marie in Gosberton, 

Fundac/o ignoratur, Sed ut assmtur 
ex relacfone porochianorttm \\adeTti 
quidam Thomas Tempest miles et alii 
feof&verunt Kicardum Baron et alios 
inhabitantei ib/4:i!nn in diversis terr/x et 
tenementii ea intencionr ut invencerent 
unuM capr/Amum perpetuo divina cdebra- 
turum in ecckiia W^dem. pro aisimabca 
eorimdmi et aliorum fidelium. Quorum 
exitftf et proficua quidam Hcnricus 
Toplif nup^ incumbens xhidem habyxxl et 
percepit qui moriebatur ante festum 
S^DKti Michtfelis ultiraum pretrritum. 
A quo die exitxa et proficua terrarum et 
toicmentoTum pfedictorian remanent in 
manibtfi dictorum feoffatortim et tenendum 
premissorKffi. P/rrochiani commtinicantes 
Wudem sunt quatuor centum fuinfuaginta 
et duo. 

Tcrre et tcnementa predicta valent per 
amnnn, ix/f viiji. yjd. 

Redd/Vus resoluti et aliV reprise exeun/rs 
extr<i terras prediffas per anmon, xs. ijd, 
oholum dmidiam ^uadrantem. 

The Chantry of the Blessed Mary in 

The foundation is unknown \ but, as 
it is asserted by the relation of the 
parishioners there, a certain Sir Thomas 
Tempest, Knight, and others enfeoffed 
Richard Baron and other inhabitants 
there in divers lands and tenements 
with the intention that they should 
find one chaplain to celebrate divine 
services forever in the church there for 
souls of the same [feoffees] and of other 
faithful [people] . The issues and profits 
of which a certain Henry Toplif, late 
incumbent there, had and received ; who 
died before the Feast of St. Michael 
last past. From which day the issues 
and profits of the lands and tenements 
aforesaid remain in the hands of the 
said feoffees and of the tenants of the 
premises. The parishioners communi- 
cating there are 452. 

The lands and tenements aforesaid 
are worth by the year, ^R. %s. Sd. 

Rents resolute and other reprises 

* Written over Radulphus. 


Lincolnshire Notes & S^ueries. 115 

Clarw valor Xtnartm et tiencHwiftonaR issuing out of the lands aforesaid by the 
prifdi^eram reprisu dedudu prr annum, year, los. 2|</. and half a &rthing. 
viij^, xviiji. iijd. ({uadrantem dtmiJiam. The clear value of the lands and 

Bona catalLi vel alia omamenttf ibu^nn tenements aforesaid, reprises deduced, 
dfcte cantartf pertinattia xxtxs. 8/?. 1 81. j\J. and a half. 

Goods and chattels or other orna- 
ments there, to the said chantry pertain- 

Gosberton Vicarage. S. B. Sealy. 

84. Inscription on Oak Panel. — This was found under 
the Floor of Thornton Curtis Church about 1883. The panel 
has been painted and is nailed on to a deal board for protection. 
The letters are carved in solid oak, the spaces between each 
letter being sunk or carved away. Size of panel, 2ft. 6^in. by 
I ft. 4f in. Size of inscription, 2ft. 4iin. by ift. 4jin.* 

3|n t^0 per pat all t^e 0taUe0 
3|n t|^p0 t^i^tt^ toa0 mapb 
^Iioma0 bptbbe il^on 0bte 
bpn l^eto ronton ifion gmptfi 
bptfc ma0tat0 in t^e per of 
oure lorlie jyoft mcccccwriu 

C. J. c. 

85. Ballad of Winceby Fight, Oct. iith, 1643. — 
Can anyone supply the words of the Ballad of Winceby Fight, 
sung by Susannah Langley, of Boiingbroke, in 1820, at the age 
of ninety-eight ? I give two verses: — 

Hopton fought with might and main, 
** Come, come/* said he, '* let's try again/* 
Till he lay spfawling on the plain, 
Upon the field of Winceby. 

Widderington he was so stout, 

'« Brave sirs," cried he, "We'll fight it out.** 

But he was forced to ride it out, 

And leave the field of Winceby. 

Qussage ReSfory^ Dorset. J. H. W. 

* In Mr. Councillor Hall's Notices of UncolnsAire (just issued) it is stated that this 
panel belonged to one of the old pews before the restoration (p. 43.) 


1 1 6 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

86. Lincolnshire M.P.*s. — Sir Thomas Meers or MereSj 
Knight. — He represented the City of Lincoln in eleven Parlia- 
ments between 1659 ^"^ '7'0> ^^^ knighted at Whitehall, 
1 1 June, 1660, and was seated at Kirton. In the Parliamentary 
Returns he is described variously as "of the City of Lincoln" and 
" of the Close Lincoln." According to Le Neve's Knights he 
was son of Robert Meres, D.D., Chancellor of Lincoln by 
Elizabeth, niece to John Williams, Archbishop of York and 
Lord Keeper, and he married Annie, daughter or sister of 
Sir Erasimas De la Fountaine of Kirby Beilars, Knight. Is 
the time of his decease known? He survived his eldest son 
and was living in 1696. His Parliamentary life extending to 
over half a century, he must have been aged at his death. 
Any information respecting him and also of his son Sir John 
Meers will oblige. 

Sir Christopher Ne^ill, M.P. for Lincoln, 1689-90. He was 
knighted at Whitehall, 15th Dec, 1674, being described by 
Le Neve (Pedigrees of Knights) as "of Auborne, Lines.** In 
the Parliamentary Return he is said to be "of Amber, co. 
Lincoln." Le Neve states that he married Katherine, daughter 
of Sir Arthur Ingram of Barrowby, Knight (? should be esq. 
only) and that she died s.p. in 171 8, being buried at Auborne. 
When did the Knight decease ? From which of the numerous 
branches of the Nevills did the Auborne line derive? With 
whom did it become extinct ? 

W. D. Pink. 

87. Cartwright Family. — Are the Cartwright families 
in Lincolnshire a branch of the Cartwrights of Norwell, 
Notts ? References to genealogical particulars of this family 
are requested. 1^ 

88. Booth of Killingholme. — Is there extant a pedigree 
of this family? In Dalton's Wrays of Glentworth (i., p. 230) 
it is stated that Henry, son of Sir Thos. Boothe of Barton, co. 
Lancaster, by Isabel, daughter of Sir William Harington, born 
f/Vf. i483,=Eliz. daughter and heiress of Will. Gaskerike of 
Medleysoyle, in the parish of Killingholme. Sir Will. Dalton 
recorder of Hull (ob. i649),=Theophania Booth, of Killing- 
holme, and had issue. Was she a daughter of the Capt. Will. 
Booth, of Killingholme, who was living in 1642? 

Varton-^n^Humber. C. Moor. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 117 

89. Family of Winlaw or Winlow, — I am desirous 
of tracing an old Lincolnshire family of the name of Winlaw 
or Winlow.* Arms (given in Burke's general Armory and 
Papworth's Di£l. of Heraldry) "Arg. 3 lions heads, erased 
gules (2 in chief, i in base) within a bordure engrailed vert." 
Motto "Honor et Amor." There was a family of Winlow in 
Oxfordshire, and another in Buckinghamshire, with the same 
arms, only with the lions' heads couped not erased, and I 
conclude the Lincolnshire family was an ofF-shoot of one of 
these or vice yersa. Any information on this family will be 
most welcome. 

Leadenhall Buildings^ W. L. P. Mark. 

London^ B.C. 

90. The Family of Eland. f — I shall be glad of any 
records or other information respecting this family in its 
conne£Hon with Lincolnshire. 

Visitation Pedigrees of 1564-71 and 1612, in the Harleian 
MSS^ conclude as follows: — 

Bryan £lamds=Francbs William Eland, 

of Carleton-by-Snaith, 
Yorks., Esq., ob. 

dau. and heire»t of a minor in 1559* 

Francis Calcroft, 
of Cawkwell, Esq. 

I \ i i rn 

(i) Byran Eland=:Margarit, (2) John. (3) Francis. (4) William. Alice and two 

of Carleton, 
Yorks., and 

dau. of other 

Thomas Reresby, daughters, 

of Thriburg, Esq. 

(i) John. (2) William. (3) Bryan. ^4) John, (5) Ann. (6) Katherine. 

died young. 

Information enabling a continuation of the above pedigree 
will much oblige, and more especially any tending to show the 
conne£tion between this part of the family and Richard Eland, 
of South Ormsby, Lincolnshire, who in April, 1687, married 
Anne Butler, of the same place, who died in 1727. 

Also particulars as to the ancestors and descendants of 
George Eland, D.D., Chancellor of Lincoln, Archdeacon of 
Bedford, &c., who died in 1 631. 

2, Cot ham Terrace^ Bristol. Horatio Marillier. 

* The name may have been spelt Windlow, Windhw, Wyndlow, Windly, 
Winly, Winlay, Sec, 
f Variously spelt Ealand, Eyland, Elland. 


1 1 8 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries . 

9 1 . Marriage of Martin Llwellyn. — Martin Llwellyn, 
officer of horse in the army of James II., and Commissary 
General to the Forces in Portugal in the reign of Queen Anne, 
obtained the estates of South Witham by his marriage with 
Elizabeth Halford. Can any of your correspondents oblige me 
by informing me where this marriage took place ? 


92. Coney Family. — Amongst the list of persons indidbd 
for High Treason for joining with the Parliament against 
Charles I., was Richard Coney, gent. He married twice — 
1st {circa 1536), to Mary . . . . ; 2nd {circa 1644), toMarrian 
.... The names of his wives' families are not known in 
consequence of the absence from local registers of these 
marriages. His children were baptized and buried at Frampton. 
Probably on account of his taking a leading part against the 
royal cause, and the marriages taking place before the civil 
authority, they were purposely omitted when such marriages 
were entered into the Church register after the restoration. 
Can anyone give me the names of these ladies, or inform me 
where I can obtain the information? 

Frampton Hall. C. T. J. Moore. 

93. KiLSBV Manor, Northants. — This manor until the 
26 Sept., 1547, when it was sold to the Crown, belonged to 
the Bishop of Lincoln. A few of the Court Rolls of the time 
of Edward VI. are now in the Public Record Office. Can 
any correspondent say if any of the earlier ones are extant in 
the Bishop of Lincoln's registry? If so they may add to our 
knowledge of the family of Garfield, who were copyholders in 
this manor in the reign of Edward VI., and subsequently. 

1 24, Chancery Lane. W. P. W. Phillimore. 

94. Robert Tonnard. — Robert Tonnard, died, Redor of 
Driby, 1561. Is anything known about him? When, and by 
whom appointed ? Was he a descendant of Edward Tonnara, 
Sheriff of Lincoln, 1439, or John Tonnard, 1440. And is 
anything known about them, or of their conne£tion with 
Robert, Redor of Driby, or with Gregory Tonnard, of 
Frampton and Brothertoft, or with John Tumour, Vicar of 
Frampton, 1416? {Circa 1524.) Will proved, 1582. 

Did he marry after the Reformation and leave issue ? And 
can any reader show his conne£tion with the Tunhirds and 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries, 1 1 9 

Townehyrds, who were assessed in the subsidy Rolls of 1337 
and 1377? Any information hereon will oblige. 

Also, what was the connexion of William Tonnard, priest 
and chaplain of Tattershall at the Dissolution, 1534, with 
the above Robert Tonnard, reflor of Driby ? 

Frampton Hall. Colonel Moore, C.B. 


95. Saint Trunnion (Vol. I., p. 148). — Having recently 
discovered that there is in the Isle of Man a Church dedicated 
to S. Trinian, it at once struck me that he might be identical 
with S. Trunnion whom your correspondent, "A Roman 
Catholic," queries at the above page. In reply to enquiries the 
Rev. E. Walsh has favoured me with the following notes : — 

{a) ^^ It would seem the most probable origin of the name 
is that it stands as a mere corruption of Trinity. Thus we 
read in the old Manx Chronicle^ under the year 1 249. In the 
year 1 249, Reginald began to reign on the 6th of May, and on 
the 30th of the same month was slain by the knight Ivar in a 
meadow near the Church of the Holy Trinity in Russin (* in 
prato quodam prope Ecclesiam Sanfbe Trinitatis in Russin'). 
Chron. JI4annia et InsuL^ p. 102." 

{b) "The Rev. J. G. Cumming, M.A., F.G.S., has a 
different version. He derives Trinian from S. Trinian or 
Tranin, a Pidish Bishop ordained by S. Palladius. He 
suggests another derivation, viz., from S. Ringan, as the Scotch 
call S. Ninian, for this church belonged to the prior of 
S. Ninian, Withorne, in Galloway. Cumming's History Isle 
of Man^ p. 50." 

(r) "Cardinal Moran in his article on the conne£tion 
between Irish Saints and the Isle of Man, states ^the centre (of 
the Isle of Man) has S. Trinian's, which modern writers refer to 
the Blessed Trinity, but which more probably was founded by 
the Irish saint S. Trian.' Irish Eccles. Record^VoL 5, p. 257. 

These extradb do not in any way clear up the question, the 
identity of the Manx saint bemg as vague as that of the one 
in our own county. There seems, however, to be a decided 
probability that they are one and the same. 

Gothic Housfy Stamford. E. Bentley Wood. 


1 20 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

96. New Holland (Vol. I., pp. 181 and 217). — ^To-day, 
while looking through the vol. of the Hull Advertiser for the 
year 1848, I came across the following paragraph in the issue 
lor December 8th, which will throw further light upon the 
origin of the name of the town of " New Holland " : — 

"On the 4th instant, at Caister [died], Mr. Thomas Lumley, 
father of Mrs. Sleight, Medley Street, in this town [Hull], and 
late of Grimsby, at which place he formerly carried on an extensive 
business as grocer, tallow-chandler, and nail -manufacturer, and 
from whom New Holland first received its name, he having 
landed there a cargo of smuggled goods, which was removed to 
a barn at Stallingborough, and afterwards lodged in the village 
church of Aylesby, whence they were taken to Caister, at 
which place they were disposed of. In the year 1826 he was 
exchequered in the fine of ^1500 by Government." 

Subscription Library^ HuU, W. G. B. Page. 

97. "Panchins" (Vol. I., p. 232, and note). — Another 
variety in the spelling of this word occurred in the Oundle and 
Thrapston Guardian for June 6th, 1890. Speaking of the 
business done by the stall holders at Rowell Fair, it says, " a 
panchionful of coppers was taken." 

Gothic House, Stamford. E. Bentley Wood. 

98. Stone Coffins for other Purposes (Vol. H., p. 28). 
— A similar case to that quoted by Rev. £. L. Blenkinsopp 
recently came under my notice at Stretton (Rutland). A 
coifin-slab, probably Saxon, is there used by the Norman 
builders as the tympanum of the South door. A note of a 
recent restoration, by the late ''Cuthbert Bede," who was 
twelve years rector, hangs in the vestry, and calls attention to 
this peculiarity. 

Qothic House, Stamford. E. Bentley Wood. 

99. Place Names (Vol. II,, p. 59). — "Chamberlain's 
Wong " — Chamberlain's Field {c/l Streatfeild, Lincolnshire and 
the Danes, p. 295). "The Carr" — the low lying common. 
"The Catchpole" probably has its name from the bailiff or 
local policeman, who may have been its former tenant or 
owner, cf. Bardsley, English Surnames, p. 182, quoting Piers 
Ploughman's account of the two thieves, 

** a cachepole came forth 
And cracked both their legges." 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 121 

May not the ^ Salt Close " preserve the memory of an ancient 
salt pan ? There were many in Lincolnshire, including some 
inland, ^^., near Caistor. Perhaps the " Thurn ** may be a 
rustic corruption of the " Thorn," 1.^., the meadow distinguished 
by its prominent tree of that species. 

Barton-on-Humber. C. Moor. 

100. Beecham Family, Irby-on-Humber (Vol. II., p. 85). 
— Mr. Henry Martin will now be able to consult the beautifully 
printed Edition of the Parish Register of Irby-on-Humber, in 
which there are numerous entries relating to the Beecham 
&mily. The present ReSor, the Rev. W. C. HoUiwell, will 
also render him any assistance in his power with resped to his 
researches on this subject. 

Eds. Lines. N. &r ^ 

lOi. CoNNEY-FOGLE (Vol. II. p. 86). — This is not particu- 
larly a Lincolnshire word, but a very common one in thieves' 
slang in London, probably from Spanish conejo^ 2l rabbit; and 
fogU (slang), to cheat ; implying that victim feels timid when 
he finds he has been deceived. "Metokateever" (of course 
from the Italian Multo in Cativo) is the epithet applied to the 
other party. 

T. Robinson. 

Connej'fogU^ to m-yeigle {i.e.\ "make blind,"; Latin ab -\' 
oceubis). A eony^ rabbit (/.^., simpleton, yide Nares' Qbssary, 
sub voc. Cony^Catch). I think that the Italian, French, and 
English slang words which conne£l fogU with "pocket" and 
"silk handkerchief" (i.^., the ordinary contents of a pocket) are 
unconneded with Conney-fogle, 

Bartm-m-Humber. Robert Brown, Junr., F.S.A. 

102. Rood Screens in Lincolnshire (Vol. II., p. 92). — 
The Kirton-in-Lindsey chancel screen was placed at the end of 
the building called the Long-room, which has since been used 
for general parochial purposes. 

The screen, together with the old altar rails (which were 
placed in the front of the gallery), are coloured to match the 
rest of the painting in the room. 

To the best of my knowledge they are still there. 

Coistor. K. E. H. 


122 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 


Handbook for Lincolnshire. With Map and Plans. London : 
John Murray, Albemarle Street. 1890. 8vo. Pp. vi. [30] 
213 and Index 18. 

The compiler of the Handbook for Lincolnshire — who, it is 
an open secret, is to be identified with the Rev. G. £. Jeans, 
son of a former vicar of Alford — shaving commenced his 
laborious undertaking with the determination of making it the 
best of the series of Murray's English Handbooks^ may be 
justly congratulated on having come so near the attainment of 
his obje£l. It would be out of place to institute a formal 
comparison between this Handbook^ and others of the series, 
some of which, especially those compiled by the late Mr. R. J. 
King, are of great excellence, but it may be safely asserted 
that Mr. Jeans, by his conscientious labour, by his intelligent 
use of every accessible printed authority, and, what is most 
important of all, his personal inspection of almost every locality 
described, has secured for his book a distinguished place in the 
first rank of English Handbooks, In point of fulness and 
accuracy it is second to none. Of course it is not absolutely 
fi-ee from mistakes. It is impossible that there should not be. 
But they are so few and so comparatively unimportant that no 
more need be said about them here, save to ask our readers to 
register carefully anything they may find, and send, together 
with notes of changes and fresh discoveries, corrections to the 
editor, under care of Mr. Murray. 

This Handbook puts in no claim to be regarded as a County 
History. But in the absence of any such worthy of the name 
— Allen's is beneath contempt — it may be hailed as a welcome 
substitute in brief for what we have long looked in vain and 
with very unsubstantial hope of its ever being given to us. 
The Introduction supplies an excellent summary of the general 
history and characteristics of the county, with separate seCtions, 
contributed by gentlemen specially qualified for the task, on its 
Botany, Geology, and Natural History, and one by the 
compiler himself on the Architecture, both civil and ecclesias- 
tical, in which he has shown himself a master of his subjeCt. 
There are subdivisions devoted to the Towers and Spires of the 
county — the latter, its special glory, presenting as it does what 
he truly calls " the two finest English spires after Salisbury," 
Louth and Grantham — and "even if these were absent, 
possessing some of the finest in England " — to the Church 


Lincolnshire Notes 6f Queries. 123 

Furniture, Fonts, Woodwork, Stained Glass, Brasses, and 
other sepulchral memorials, Easter Sepulchres (of which our 
county contains three of the most remarkable in England, 
those at the Minster, Heckington, and Navenby, besides one 
just over the border at Hawton, near Newark), and other 
canopied recesses of similar destination, such as those at Irnham, 
Castle Bytham, East Kirkby, and Langtoft — and the Bells, 
more than two thousand in number, with one peal of ten bells, 
that of Grantham, and eighteen of eight, including that of the 
Minster, a good one, but by no means the best. The 
Introdu£tion closes with " A General Tourists' View," under 
the three divisions of Holland, Kesteven, and Lindsey. The 
writer remarks, truly enough, that ^ no visitor to Lincolnshire 
is likely to be enthusiastic over the county, yet most of the 
few visitors find it both a pleasant and an interesting one 
generally, difiering much from the ordinary opinion about it." 
The common reproach that '^ Lincolnshire is all flats, fogs, and 
fens," with which George IIL is accredited, is, as all Lincoln- 
shire men know, absurdly erroneous. Instead of being the 
dampest, as the Handbook says, ^ it happens to be almost the 
driest county in England, the rainfall being very low, and the 
artificial drainage having been carried out with such complete- 
ness that in the very dampest part of the Fens there is some- 
times actually insufficient water for the pastures." The 
distinctive charaSer of each of the "Three Parts" is thus 
ably summarised. "The great mistake usually made about the 
county is to treat it as if it were a uniform whole, whereas the 
great thing to remember is that, like Caesar's Gaul, it is 
divided into three parts, each large enough for an average 
county. Holland, much the smallest of the three, is exa£tly 
what Lincolnshire is often supposed to be, consisting entirely 
of fertile fenland, growing little but corn, and thickly dotted 
with magnificent churches. Kesteven is, on the whole, the 
prettiest part. A broad strip of fen, like Holland, borders its 
eastern side and runs along the right bank of the Witham, but 
the rest of the division partakes generally of the undulating 
and wooded midland charader, possessing, however, a very 
marked feature in the ^CliiF' range, which has a curiously 
steep western declivity between Ancaster and Lincoln. . . . 
Lindsey, occupying more than half of the great county, is so 
large and varied that it exhibits almost all English features 
except the mountainous. . . . The central part of this 
division is formed by a mass of chalk hills, called the ^ Wolds,' 


I 24 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

part of a great line extending, with breaks, from Scarborough 
to Salisbury Plain. . . . The whole of the Lincolnshire 
sea coast available for bathing is in this division, all the shore 
of Holland " — with the doubtful exception of Frieston Shore — 
^'consisting of almost inaccessible mud-flats which one day 
will no doubt be reclaimed for corn land. The Lindsey coast is 
entirely sandy, and is bordered by a curious line of sandhills or 
dunes, almost exadUy like those of Schevenigen or Zandfoort 
on the other side of the German Ocean." 

The distinguishing feature of Lincolnshire, its church Archi- 
tecture, receives full and appreciative treatment. Hardly a single 
church in the vast county is omitted, and the descriptions are 
characterised by adequate knowledge of the subjedl. The 
Handbook may be taken as a safe guide as to what churches are 
worth seeing and what are not, and what features in each 
deserve special attention. Our author reminds us that the same 
mistaken generalisation is made with regard to the churches of 
the county as with regard to its physical character. '' Holland, 
the smallest division, has been taken as typical for its churches 
just as it has been for its fens." The churches of Lindsey, the 
largest division, rank, as a whole, below that of other counties 
of the same area, those of the Wold distrid being, to a large 
extent, diminutive and mean, and many of them rebuilt. 
Louth with its unrivalled spire is a signal exception, and so are 
the fine transition Norman cruciform minster-like church of 
Grimsby, the lovely Early-English church at Bottesford, and 
others. The two churches at Barton, especially St. Peter's, with 
its typical Saxon tower, will alone repay a journey to the shores 
of the Humber. But generally speaking the ecclesiologist 
visiting Lindsey, expedting a succession of large and richly- 
designed churches will be seriously disappointed. The Kesteven 
division will be found much more rewarding, more particularly 
in the district about Sleaford which is conspicuous for the 
abundance of its spires and the variety of their outline ^ ''from 
almost every church tower fifteen or twenty spires can be 
counted." But it is in Holland that the proverbial splendour 
of the Lincolnshire churches may be most fully estimated. 
"Here," our writer says, "it would be almost impossible to 
overrate the size and beauty of nearly every parish church." 
This, as he notices, is the more remarkable from the entire 
absence of building stone in the district, the whole of the stone 
of which they are built having come by water from the 
quarries of Barnack or Ketton, or the neighbourhood. The 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 125 

ere^on of these magnificent churches, which must always 
have been in excess of the requirements of the population, is 
probably due to the spirit of rivalry between the great monastic 
houses of Spalding, Crowland, and Castle Acre, which, when 
once awakened, spread among the lords and laity of the 
adjacent parishes, who, even when not supported by such 
powerful backers, were reludbnt to be left behind. They, 
however, as the dilapidated condition of some of them still 
shows, have proved a damnosa hereditas to the shrunken and 
impoverished population to which they belong, by whose 
eiForts the negle<^ of many generations has now to be retrieved, 
presenting, as in the case of the singularly interesting but sorely 
mutilated church of Whaplode, a task far beyond their 
unassisted powers. The Handifooi^ does full justice to the 
large amount of church restoration which has taken place in 
the county during the last half-a-century, and its general 
excellence — singling out Algarkirk, Brant Broughton, and 
Corringham as ^^good examples of sumptuous but careful 

The routes, twenty-three in number, are well planned, so as 
to embrace every part of the county, the places to the right 
and left of the main lines of communication being noticed at 
the most convenient points of access, eight miles being about 
the extreme distance of any place from a railway station. The 
usefulness of the Handbool( is much enhanced by an 
excellent index, in which the local names are printed in 
capitals, so as to catch the eye at once, the first page-references 
wisely being, not to the place where the name first occurs, but 
to the place where its full description is given, thus obviating 
fruitless searching. It is illustrated by a good map of the county, 
and plans of Lincoln, of the Cathedral, and of Spalding Church. 
Plans of other towns, such as Grimsby, Grantham, and Louth 
might be added with advantage in a second edition. 

The Parish Register of Irby^upon-Humber^ Co, Lincoln. 
Printed at the Private Press of Frederick Arthur Crisp. 
1890. Fol. 128 pp. 

We are very glad to welcome another printed Lincolnshire 
parish register. Every parish register printed is so much more 

food work done. We heartily congratulate the Rev. W. C. 
ioliwell, Redor of Irby, on his inducing Mr. Crisp to 
undertake the printing at his private press. This is the second 
Lincolnshire register mr. Crisp has printed, and, like all the 


126 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

work produced from his press, is very carefully and tastefully 
done. Except to the genealogist, there is nothing of interest 
in the Register — no list of briefs or notices of events in the 
Civil Wars, such as are found in several of the neighbouring 
parish registers. We regret that the book contains no list of 
Re6tors or other editorial notes, which might have been 
usefully added in many instances. There is an excellent 
index. It is hoped more of the clergy will follow this example 
and induce Mr. Crisp to undertake the printing of many 
more Lincolnshire parish registers. 

Taales fra LinJ^sheere [North Lincolnshire Dialect), By 
Mabel Peacock. Brigg: George Jackson and Son. 1889. 
[1890.] 8vo. Pp. 156. 

We are very glad to welcome a second series of Miss 
Peacock's Lincolnshire Dialect Stories. And we can heartily 
congratulate her on the fa£t that although it is a second series, 
the literary quality is as good, or even better than that of her 
first attempt. The dialedl is of course North Lincolnshire, and 
it is very faithfully reproduced. As far as we can judge, it is 
nearly the same as that of the Eastern parts of Yorkshire. 
Indeed,<the same features of language are found — with more or 
less local change — almost all down the East Coast of Great 
Britain, from Aberdeen to Norfolk, wherever the Danes 
penetrated inland and settled in any numbers. Of the value of 
Miss Peacock's work, there can be no question ; putting entirely 
out of sight the stories as stories, the permanent record of the 
diale£l is most useful. Day by day, as schooling exercises its 
power in a uniform fashion, local idiom, local pronunciations, 
local words drop out of use and are heard at less and less 
frequent intervals. This, no doubt, is a necessary accompani- 
ment of the spread of education, but it is a duty laid upon this 
generation to seize these local idioms, these valuable Traits of 
descent in language, while yet within our reach. But, besides 
prose tales such as are contained in this present volume, are 
there no tales in verse, no ballads yet remaining in rural 
Lincolnshire? If Miss Peacock could get hold of some of these 
and publish them, she would, we venture to think, confer a yet 
greater fevour on the public. Where all are good, there is little 
need for seleftion, but "A Linkisheere Las" and "All about a 
reight o' waay " are perhaps the cream of the volume. Every 
Lincolnshire nian and woman should get it j all students of our 
English tongue should read it. 


Ready for the Press. 






compiled from original sources ; 



Rector of the Parish. 

To be Published by Subscription, price £i is. a copy. 

Subscribers' names to be sent to the Author, 

Ormsby Rectory, Alford. 


Introductory. Roman Encampment Domesday Account 
Hugh Blundus and his descendants, lords of a Manor in Ormsby 

and of the Manor of Ketsby. 
Alan de Ormesby and his Family. 
The Skipwith Family. 
The Massingberd Family. 
Freehold Estates in Ormsby belonging to the Families of Enderby, 

Gedney, Stayne, Tetford, &c. 
Freehold Estates in Ketsby. Later History of the Manor. 
Court Rolls of the Manor of Ormsby-cum-Ketsby, with some notices 

of Tenants (Fitzwilliams of Mablethorpe, &c.). 
Agriculture. Farm Leases of the 14th, i6th, and 17th centuries. 

Prices. Parish Accounts. 
The Church. Bells. Monuments. Church Furniture, temp, Edw.VI. 
List of Rectors of Ormsby and Ketsby, with some notes. 
Short notices of Samuel Wesley when Rector of Ormsby, and of 

Chancellor Massingberd. 


Extracts from the Parbh Registers. 

Four Skipwith and eleven Massingberd Wilb. 

Extracts from the (now lost) Parish Registers of Bratoft and Gunby. 

Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 1 27 

Notes on the Visitation of Lincolnshire^ of 1634. By A. 
Gibbons. Part II. Pp. 21-44. Wills, pp. 9-16. 

This second part is deeply interesting as Mrs. Tempest of 
Coleby Hall, whose genealogical researches leave little to be 
desired, gives "the comfort of her presence" to the May 
number of these Notes^ in the all. but exhaustive account of 
the fiimily of Lister, of Downehall in Rippingale, and of 
Coleby. Had Mr. Arthur Larken (the late Richmond Herald) 
been alive, very interesting foot notes might have been added 
from his MS. colle£tions (which now lie slumbering in the 
Library of the Heralds' College) on the families of Leaband 
and Hacke, which would probably have given light to the 
Heralds' Visitation pedigree of the family which William 
Lister and Thomas Lister entered in 1634. In one place the 
printer, by adding a comma, has added a daughter to the family 
of William Lister who never existed (page 25), and Audry 
Hacket, is made, by inserting this comma, to have a sister 
Hacket Lister. Mrs. Tempest makes merry (page 35) over 
Thomas Lister, a child of eight years of age, who died in 
1697, being supplied with "A Treatise against Swearing," but 
in the latter part of the 17th century, swearing seems to have 
been greatly in fashion, and ladies and children of good social 
position, indulged very freely in this vice. 

If Mrs. Tempest's excellent example could be followed by 
others, we should soon have no mean history of our fen, heath, 
and wold folk \ but few of course have in their possession such 
an interesting collection of deeds as those at Coleby Hall. 
Mrs. Tempest's paper also, in some sense, makes up for the 
loss of the Lister Family Monuments in Coleby Church, only 
one of which we believe is now in existence. 

Besides the Lister pedigree we have seven other pedigrees 
from the Visitation of 1634, namely: — Constable of West 
Rasen, an old Catholic family, now most worthily represented 
by Lord Herries ; Micklethwaite of Binbrooke, whose allusive 
arms are surely best blazoned as : — Massonnee argent and gules, 
a chief dancettee azure, and not as : — Cheeky azure and gules, 
a chief indented azure? BoUes of Scampton, whose arms are 
"Azure three standing bowls," &c., which if the word "cup" 
is made use of (as onr page 40) prevents readers from seeing 
that the arms are allusive to the ^mily name of Bolles. We 
also observe that the "red hand of Ulster," the outward and 
visible sign of a baronet, is called, and we fancy for the first 
time, "A Baronet's hand." 


128 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

The other pedigrees need no remark, they are: — Brewster 
of Burwell, E)aIIison of Greetwell, Hansard of Humberstone, 
and Hansard of Gayton. 

This second number ends up with eight pages of a list of 
"Wills and Administrations in the Court of the Dean and 
Chapter of Lincoln, 1 534-1 780," for which our hearty thanks 
are due to Mr. Gibbons, who certainly is leaving no stone 
unturned to make us at home in our own shire, and to whom 
idleness is evidently a thing horrible and unrighteous. 

Notices of Lincolnshire ; being an Historical and Topographical 
Account of some Villages in the Division of Lindsey. By John 
George Hall. [Motto. J Hull : Printed by the Eastern Morning 
News Co., Ltd. 1890. 8vo. Pp. [6] and 200. 

These Notices of some Lincolnshire villages were primarily 
written for and printed in the Eastern Morning Ne^Sj and 
have now been brought together into one volume, with the 
addition of nine plates from drawings by the hand of Mr. Hall. 

The thirty villages visited and described are as follows: — 
Goxhill, Ulceby, Thornton Abbey, Winterton, Bigby (with 
illust. of the Elizabeth Skypwith brass), Thornton Curtis (with 
illust. of the Saxon font), Keelby, Winteringham (with illust. 
of an Effigy of a Crusader), Barnetby-le-Wold, Somerby, 
Stallingborough (with illust. of an ancient sepulchral slab), 
Clee (with illust., as frontispiece, of west doorway), Ashby- 
cum-Fenby, Horkstow, Killingholme * (with illust. of the 
font), Cadney-cum-Howsham, Barnoldby-le-Beck (with illust. 
of the font), Hatcliffe, Irby-on-H umber, Tattershall, South 
Cockerington, Wootton, Immingham (with illust. of the font). 
Healing, Theddlethorpe All Saints (with illust. of the Robert 
Hayton brass), Coates Magna, Bolingbroke, Covenham, 
Limber Magna, and Laceby. 

In every case the special antiquarian features are mentioned, 
and copies of the various inscriptions, mural or otherwise, 

S^iven. Extrads are printed from the parish registers, and also 
ists of Incumbents when they have been accessible. Mr. 
Councillor Hall has consulted the best printed authorities in 
every case, and has formed a very useful book, which will 
serve as the basis for future historians to work upon. A list of 
the illustrations should have been appended ; and the so-called 
index, which is really a list of contents, should have included 
proper names, places, and subjedb. 

* The proper heading for Killingholme is omitted in the index, p. 199. 


Notes & Queries. 

I^NCIENTChair in Lincoln Cathedral. 
— — Wc offer our subscribers this month, 
f a rcproduflion of a drawing taken by 
I the late Mr. Ross of an ancient massive 

toalcen chair, belonging to the Minster. 
For very many yeare this interesting 
chair was stowed away in the vestibule 
^ of the library, together with other 
Archaeological curiosities. Since the restoration of that building 
it has found a more appropriate place in the Chapter House, 
and was occupied by the Bishop at the Diocesan Conference 
last October. Its original place and purpose cannot now 
be accurately determined. It has been traditionally called 
"the Bishops Chair," and it is probable that this designation 
may be correfl. But if so, whether its original position was 
in the Choir of the Cathedral, or where it now stands, in the 
Chapter House, must be doubtful. The character of the work 
and its ornamentation paint to the end of the 13th century, or 
the early part of the iifth, between 1280 and 1320 as the 
period of its construdlion. It is therefore much earlier than the 
stalls of the choir, which were ercflcd by Treasurer Wclbourne, 
1350 — 1380, and it may have been removed to make 
way for a more gorgeous episcopal throne, forming part of 
Vol, 2. — PAiT 5, j Welbourne's 

130 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Welbourne's design. But as we have no knowledge of 
the chara£ler of the throne that preceded the classical 
composition, ascribed to Wren, put up after the Restoration, 
this point cannot be settled. The suggestion has been made, 
and it certainly deserves consideration whether it may not 
have been constructed as a regal chair, to be occupied by the 
sovereign at one of the Parliaments which we know were held 
in Lincoln at this period, some of them certainly in the Chapter 
House. The lions on the arms, as the royal beast of England, 
may be thought to support this idea, which, if true, would 
confer additional historic interest on this ancient relic of the 

The chair is simply framed of massive oak. It has four 
plain uprights, with a cross rail at top behind, and others at 
the level of the seat which is placed upon them. There are two 
arms curving from the back downwards, supporting a lion 
couchant in front, much mutilated. The outer sides of the 
arms are ornamented with an eight-leaved open square flower, 
with a four-leaved central cup. The front below the seat bears 
two rows of quatrefoils, six in each row. The sides below the 
arms are filled in with plain boarding, some of which is 
certainly modern. The dimensions of the chair are, height 
3ft. 1 1 in. back J 3ft. 3iin. front; up to the seat, 2ft. 5in.j from 
the top of the seat to the cross piece, ift. 6^in.; breadth of 
seat, 3ft. 2in.; depth from front to back, ift. iiin. The chair 
has received very rough usage, the heads of the lions and one 
of the uprights having been rudely hacked away. 

Edmund Venables. 

104. — Lincolnshire and the Spanish Armada. — 
Although the Armada had been thoroughly defeated in 1588, a 
second invasion was not considered improbable during the next 
year. The country had already for several years been put to 
considerable charges, and large sums of money were due for 
expenses incurred in 1588. To levy further subsidies was not 
considered advisable. A loan from the Queen's subject was 
therefore a happy way of meeting the necessary payments. 

Letters of Privy seal appear to have accordingly been direded 
to the wealthy persons in each county, stating that ^ upon the 
greate preparacons made by the King of Spayne, bothe by sea 
and land, the last yeare, the same having been such as the lyke 
was never prepared at any tyme against this realme, we were 
enforced for the defence of'^the same and of our good and loving 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 1 3 1 

subjeds to be at infinite charges bothe by sea and knd, 
especially for that the s^* intended invasion tended dire£Uy to the 
conquest of this realme, and finding also by such intelligence 
as we dayly receave the lyke intent the next yeare by the said 
Kinge, for the w^tanding whereof y^ shall be necessary for us 
to prepare bothe by sea and land . • . We have therefore 
thought yt expedient, having alwaies found our good and 
loving subje^ most ready upon such lyke occasions to furnish 
us by way of loane of some convenient porcons of money agre- 
able w^ their estates (w^ we have and mynd alwaies to repay) 
to have recourse unto them in lyke manner at present. • . ,^ 
The total amount raised by the loan was ^^75,000. 

The list of those who subscribed to the loan was first pub- 
lished in 1789,* the objedl being (so states the introdu<^ory 
note) ^to point out the dangers which threaten us and to 
stimulate our fellow subje£b at this awful crisis to follow the 
example of their ancestors by uniting for the defence of our 
Religion, Laws, Liberties and Property, and whatever may be 
considered as valuable to Englishmen, against inveterate foes 
who seek the destru£lion of our happy constitution." 

It has been reprinted in 1886 with an excellent historical 
introdu£lion by Mr. T. C. Noble,t who states that the money 
was colle6led in 1589. 

The following are the Lincolnshire subscribers to the loan, 
with the amount each contributed : — 

Roberte Carr, of Sleeford, Armiger 22 die Aprilis 1 00 

George St. Poole, Armiger 26 die Aprilis . . 50 

WiUiam Hamby, of Tatchwell 9 Aprilis . . 50 

John South, of Kelby eodem . . -SO 

Nicholas Thornedike, of Grenefeld eodem . . 50 

Francis Copledike, of Harrington eodem . . 50 

Roberte Grantham, of Dunham 21 Aprilis . . 50 

Thomas Tailor, of Lincolne 9 /fpriiis, . . 50 

Frauncis Tompson, of Boothby 22 Aprilis . . 25 

John Frye, of Colby 9 Aprilis .... 25 

* The names of the Nobility, Gentry, and others, who contributed to the Defence 
of this country at the time of the Spanish Invasion, in 1588 j with a brief account 
of their Spirited and Patriotic Condudi on that occasion. London, 1 798. 

"f The Names of those Persons who subscribed towards the Defence of this 
Country at the time of the Spanish Armada, 1588, and the amounts each 
contributed, with Historical Introduction by T. C. Noble. London, 1886. 8vo. 



Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

11 JpriUs 

22 Aprilis 

Anthonie Newlove, of Helpringham 22 Aprilis 

Robert Barber, of Hanbeck in Wellesforth eodem 

Richard Pell, of Credington eodem 

Thomas Lister, of Sudbrooke eodem . 

William Callis, of Little Hawle eodem . 

Robert Cammok, of Sleeford eodem 

Bartolomew Armyn, of Osgardby eodem 

Robert Cholmley, of Burton I2 Aprilis 

George Wyat, of Barrowby 

John Martyn, of Allyngton 

Thomas Beetson, of Swarby 

Richard Black, of Roppeslv 

Robert Carr, of Gedney, Armiger eodem 

Edmunde Brimston, of Moulton eodem 

William Stowe, of Holbiche eodem 

Thomas Fisher, of Gedney eodem 

William Davison, of Weston eodem , 

George Hall, of Sutton eodem 

John Gambling, of Spalding eodem 

Thomas Howson, of Wigtoft eodem , 

Richard Ormshead, of Quadring eodem 

John Lockton, of Swynshead eodem 

Giles Bogg, of Sutterton eodem . 

William Whittingham, of Sutterton eodem 

William Harryman, of Donin^ton eodem 

Thomas Harryman, of Quadrmge eodem 

Thomas Harvey, of Kirton eodem 

William Feelde, of Wilberton eodem . 

Frauncis Reade, of Wrangle eodem 

John Feelde, of Benington eodem 

William Tindall, of Boston eodem 

John Gawdrie, of Boston eodem . 

Thomas Orsbye, of Boston eodem 

Richard Draper, of Boston 1 2 Aprilis . 

Thomas Margery, of Boston 22 Aprilis 

Nicholas Saunderson, of Fillingham 9 Aprilis 

Charles Dymmock, of Cotes 9 Aprilis 

Anthonie Sultill, of Redborne eodem . 

Andrew Gedney, of Bagg Enderby eodem 

John Jon, of Barrowe eodem 

Edward Goodrick, of East Kirkbie 22 Aprilis 

Edward Marburie, of Gcrsbye 9 Aprilis 














Lincolnshire Notes & ^^ries. 


Symon Wolbye, of Burgh todem 
^mes Balder, of Sutton 22 £e JlpriUs 
Thomas Hansert, of Wickenly 20 die ApriBs 
John Stanley, of Stickford 9 Aprilis . 
John Blauncherde, of Lowthe eedem . 
William Patrick, of East Rayson eoJem 
Edward Maddison, juxta Castor eaJem 
Anthonie Edmonde, of Sutton 22 die Aprilis 
John Hobson, of Spaldinge eodem 
John Caiter, of Markett Rayson 9 ApriUs 
Vincent Welbv, of Thorpe eodem 
George Skipwith, of Cottam 16 ApriBs 
John ^Vetherwick, of Claxby 9 ApriBs 
Edward Nutt, of Yarborough eoMtn . 
Nicholas Girlington, of Normanby 1 2 ApriBs 
Oliver Kennythorpe, of Carleton Parva 9 ApriBs 
Richard Rosseter, of Sonunerby eodem 
Edward Skeame, of Bonby 18 ApriBs 
Thomas Ellis, of Wyham g £e »/fpriBs 
William Fitzwilliam, of Maplethorpe eodem 
Robert Beach, alias Leach, of Belchworth eodem 
Thomas Copledike, of Lusbie eodem . 
John Baylie, of Normanbye 19 ApriBs 
Andrew Eastwood, of Roughton 9 ApriBs 
Roberte Phillippes, of Wispington eodem 
Marmaduke Tirwhit, of Skotter 9 ApriBs 
Robert Shadforth, of Gainsborrow 14 ApriB 
George Farmerv, of Northorpe 9 ApriUs 
John Popple, of Dalderby eodem . 
Leonard Esterby, of Halton eodem . 
Henrie I^on, of Warton eodem 
Edward Tirwhitt, of Steynfeild eodem 
William Lunne, of Apley eodem . 
John Litleburie, of Staynesbye eodem 
Vincent Welbye, of Hawstead eodtm 
Thomas Litleburie, of Staynesbye eodem 
John Neale, of Homecastie eodem 
Edward Overy, of To^ton 9 ApriBs 
Vincent Fdnebye, of Foneby 9 ApriBs 
Nicholas Saunderson, of Reasby eodem 
Robert Smithe, of Horsington eodem . 
William Hemuge, of Benington 20 ApriBs 






1 34 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Edmond Yarbrough, of Lincoln 9 Aprilis • 

William Knight, of Lincolne eodem . 

John Wymerk, of Gretford eodem 

Symon Harebjr, of Thurleby eodem 

William Barker, of Uffington eodem • 

Robert Beevar, of Longtoft eodem 

Thomas Barber, of Dembleby eodem . 
ApL Sir George Henadge, Miles 20 ApriUs 

Sir John Mounson, Miles 9 Aprilis 

John Savile, of Addington eodem 
.^^^ Edward Heron, of Stamford primo die Maii 

William Revitt, of Rowleston primo die Maii 

Charles Husse, of Lynwood eodem 

Anthonie Irebye, of Whapleade eodem ^ 

Richard Bowles, of Boston eodem 

Edmonde Hall, of Gretford eodem 

Thomas Conye, of Bassingthorpe eodem 

Christofer Berisford, of Ledenham eodem 

John Broxholme, of Otbye 20 Alaii . 

Roger Gregory, of Stockwith 

Symon Walcott, of Swaton eodem 

£. L. G* 

105. — Marshland Folk-Lore. — In the autumn of 1858 or 
1850, I forget which, the ague was particularly prevalent in 
the Marshes, and my mother's stock of quinine, a thing wise 
marsh-folk were never without in those days,, was heavily drawn 
upon by the cottagers. But on my taking the third bottle to 
a lad who lived with his grandmother, the old dame scornfully 
refused it, saving she ^^ 'ad lit on a soight better cure nor yon 
mucky stuff. With this she took me round to the foot of 
the bed, where she had nailed three old horse shoes, with a 
hammer placed cross-wise upon them. ^ There, lad," she said, 
^^ when the old 'un comes to shake 'im, yon 'ull fix 'im saafe as 
t' chuch steaple ; he weant niver parss yon." And when I 
showed signs of incredulity she added ^^ Nay, but it's a chawm. 
Oi taks the mell i' moy left haand, and I taps th«y shoes 
an' saays, 

' Feyther, Soa, and Holy Ghoast, 
Naale the divil to thit poast. 
Throice I stroikes with holy crook, 

WoD fur God, and won fur Wod, and woo for Lok.' * 

The point to which I would chiefly draw the attention of 
readers of Notes f^ ^eries in this invocation, is the astounding 












Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 135 

mingling of rank paganism with mediaeval Christianity. If the 
Holy Trinity be invoked at the beginning, at the end we find 
Woiden, and even Lokki, the spirit of evil himself, joined with 
God in a Trinity as a defence against the devil ; whilst Thor's 
hammer, and the ^ holy crook " are treated as one and the same 
thing. Could confusion be much worse confounded than this? 
And why the left hand ? Was not Thor himself left-handed ? 

RoBT. M. Heanlby. 

106. A Lincolnshire Centenarian. — The following 
remarkable record exists in the Church of Market Deeping: 

"To the memory | of William Good ale | who died 
April y* Qth 1716 I Aged no. At the Age of 50 He | 
married Hannah nis Wife who | was then 25 Years of 
Age & had Issue | by her 15 Children. At his Death 
I {futping been married 60 Tears) his | youneest Son was 
30 Yrs of Age. | Also of Hannah his Widow | who 
died April y^ 21st 1723 | Aged 92." 

The combined ages of husband and wife was therefore 202. 

Gothic Housej Stamford. E. Bentley Wood. 

107. A List of Lincolnshire Gentry in 1666. — ^The 
following list of the names of about eighty-four Lincolnshire 
gentry, and of the places where they lived in our county, is taken 
from the Heralds' Visitation of tne County of Lincoln, made 
in 1666, by Sir Edward Bysshe Knight, Clarenceux King of 
Arms, ** wno was," says Noble in his History of the College of 
Arms (London, 1804), ^a good herald, but a liad genealogist, 
loving one science as much as he disliked the other," and who 
died m 1679, ^ poor in fortune, and still more so in repu- 
tation." This Visitation is probably the last made of the count 
and is as a whole, a most disappointing, poor and thin bool 

when compared vrith the Heralds' ^^''JL ^P^^'^^'^ ^^^ ^^ 
Visitation of the County made in 1634. This wretchedness is 
also in some ways to be accounted for by the awful confusion into 
which everything in our county was thrown by the Civil Wars. 

In 1683, Gregory. King, Roi^e Dragon Pursuivant of Arms, 
whose patent is dated 7th May, 1677, made not only an index 
to the Visitation, but added two pedigrees, which are dated 
1683, and hence probably arose the idea that somewhere there 
lay hid a Visitation of the Countv of Lincoln of 1683 or of 
io88,.a Vbitation and a book whicn now are generally regarded 


136 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

as never having had any existence. The only MS. copy known 
of the Visitation of the County of Lincoln of 1666 is in the 
library of the Heralds' College, and is marked D. 23. 

The following list was made in 1874 from the original MS. 
through the kindness of my late friend Mr. Planche, sometime 
Somerset Herald. 











Brownlow, Bart. 











De Ligne 



Faireclough Vulgo 


Long Sutton 








Sir WiUiam 









Great Humby 












West Ravendale 






Stamford & Spalding 



Grimsby & Caistor 




Disclaimer, 1666. 




Thonock near 



Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 




















Sir WilBam 

Hickman, Bart. 




Svston & Spalding 










Scunthorpe in Frod- 





Disclaimer, i666. 







Sir Edward 

Lake, Bart. 


Erasmus de 






New Sleaford 









Lincoln & Fiskerton 





Disclaimer, i666. 







Bag Enderby 






Wools thorpe 




Anthony ' 







Long Leadenham 




South Hykeham & 


138 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


Sir Richard 



























RoTHWELL, Bart. 














Disclaimer, 1666. 










Ewerby & Stapleford 










Uffington & HoU 










Walcot & Lincoln 






Denton & Swarby 



John Yarborough Panton 

Jf^Uiam York Burton Pedwardine . 

^Arthur Young Ketby 

%jferm Chihy London. Everard Green, F.S.A. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^wries^ 1 39 

1 08. Lincolnshire Folk-Lore, — New Tear. " Wc reckon 
to have a los on New Year's Eve," remarked a parishioner, and 
my aunt at Lincoln, when I was staying there, said '^ You must 
see first of all on a New Year's Morning, one of the opposite sex 
(not a member of your own family)." Boys to round and wish the 
women a Happy New Year, addmg^ And I've brought you a bit 
of stick." Girls do the same to the men, and both exped rewards, 
in the shape of current coin/ Many people are most particular 
to open a Bible first of all, saying that the verse the eye first rests 
on (or thumb touches) foretells what the new year will be. A 
piece of green t is also to be brought in, and placed in the Bible. 
It is very unlucky to see the new moon for the first time through 
glass. Whatever you do on New Year's Day you'll be doing 

all the year. ^In some Swedish parishes on the Gulf of Bothnia \ 

it is customary to throw the slipper over the left shoulder before 
going to bed, after the light is put out. Next mornine, if the 
slipper is found pointing with the toe to the door, then the 
thrower will leave the house that year, and vice yersd. In the 
evening too the youne folks g;o out of the house where the 
wood is kept for the f^e and pick up the first log that comes 
to hand ; if it is clean and shapely, so will the future spouse be, 
and 'pice *persa. 
Aiumby. W. Henry Jones. 

109. Lincolnshire Militia, 1697. — The library at 
Revesby Abbey contains a very interesting muster roll of the 
Lincolnshire Militia for the year 1697. The roll contains the 
names of all the officers and men serving at that time, and in 
most cases the distrid fh>m which the troop or company was 
raised or recruited. 

* In Yorkshire you must not go out till someone lias come in. In parts of HuU 
it is customary to tie together in a bundle pieces of money, bread, wood, wool, or 
salt, and lay the whole on the doorstep before twelve. When the '* first foot " oomes, 
ask his name ; if he says John Smith he must not be admitted, as the initial letters 
of his name are curved ; if he says Edward T. he may come, as the letters an com- 
posed of straight lines. When the proper person comes, he is admitted, brings in 
the bundle, wishes all a Happy New Year, and goes out at the Ufk door, and his good 
luck is secured to the whole household. 

■ f It is very unlucky not to bring a piece of green in with you the first time you 
go out in the New Year (Hull). Green must not be brought into the houac on any 
account on any day after dark (North Lines.). There is also a common idea that it 
is very unlucky to bum decorations $ when they are taken down they must be thrown 

X I may perhaps be allowed to tthx to some notes on Christmas customa in Naia 
& ^MrKt:— 6 ser., viii., 4S6 (Finland) j 6 ser., x, 4S1, 4SS (MoldcriMsa)) 6 ser., 
X., 4^4 (Magyar) ; 6 sor., zii., 4S1 (Lap]and)i 


140 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

It appears at this date the County Militia consisted of 
cavalry as well as infantry, the former consisting of four troops 
and the latter of two battalions, one of seven companies and the 
other of eight. 

With regard to the infantry, the arrangement corresponds 
very closely with that of the late North and South Lincoln 
Militia Battalions, now known as the 3rd and 4th Battalions 
of the Lincolnshire Regiment. 

The following extra£b, which for convenience have been 
placed in a tabular form, have been made with the permission 
of the Right Hon. £. Stanhope, M.P. 


Troop OmcEM. 

Sir Pury Cast, CapL 
William Green, LL 

The Lord Lieutenant 
Thomu Pavne, Cor. 
Henry Fartning, Q.M. 

Sir Edward Ayscoughi CapL 
Jno. Appleyard,LL 
Geo. Allison, Cor. 
Jonathan Moulton, Q.M. 

[Matthew] Litter, CapL 
Wm. Caw^orpe, LL 
Wm. Hardy, Cor. 
Adrian Burgh, QM, 

No. I Troop. 
Waxaa Taoop 

Aveland, Langoe, 
Flazwell, Aswardham 
and Wapentakes. 

No. a Troop. 

No. 3 Troop. 

No. 4 Troop. 

Place & Datb No. in 
OP MusTsa. Taoop. 


1st & 2nd July, 165 



28th July, 1697. 83 


19th July, 1690 1 

and Caistor 70 

14th & 15th June, 


Louth, 93 

1 6th June, 1697 

DxsTaiCT raoM which 
Company Raised. 

Stamford Baron, Hundreds of 
Ness, Beltisloe, Part of 
Winnibriggs and Grantham 

Aveland, Ashwardham, Flax- 
well, Langoe, Part of 

Elloe Hundred 

Pinchbeck, Spaldmg, Cowbit, 
Crowland, Weston, Moulton, 
Whaplode, Whaplode Droie 

(South Lincolnshire.) 


)no. Smith, Ll 
no. Lee, Ens. 

Reuben Parks, Major 
Wm. Jay, Ens. 

Morris Johnson, CapL 
John Stukeley, Lt. 
Saml. Hook, Ens. 







Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 141 

DimiCT noM which 




Kirton (Holland) 

Thos. Pool, Capt. 

John Pakey, Lt 
Thos. Webster, Ens. 


Lovenden and Boothby * 

Graffoe Hundreds 



Skirbeck Hundred f 


(North Lincolnshire.) 

Horncastle, Gartree, Wnggoe, 

Ralph Ridgley, Lt. 


Part of Bolingbroke Soke 

Edwd. Dymoke, Ens. 

Gainsbro, Manley, and Part of 

Charles Dymoke, Col. 


Geo. Davenport, Capt. 
Charles Wooiey, Ens. 


Yarborough Hundred 

John Rosseter, Major 
Michael Emerson, Lt. 


Daniel Wickham, Ens. 

Bolingbroke, Part of Candle- 

John Francis, Capt, 
Thory Todd, Lt. 

•hoe, and Horncastle Ses- 



Thos. Bandrick, Ens. 

Well, Lawess, and Part of 

Charles Fitzwilliam, Capt 


Robert Osney, Lt. 
John Gaul, Ens. 


Bradley Haverstoe, and 

Thos. Emerson, Capt. 

Walshcroft Division 

Matthew Kirk, Lt. 
Arthur Carrington, Ens. 


Louth and Ludborough 

Charles Dymoke, Capt. 

Charles Hutchinson, Lt. 


Timothy Millington, Ens. 

Calceworth and Hill Wapen- 

John Byron, Capt. 
Thos. Christopher, Lt. 



£. L. G* 

no. Inquisitions, p.m., Co. Linc, temp. Henry VII. — 
Chancery Inq.^ post mortem^ 10 Henry VII., No. 72. 

Robert Tailboys. 

[Inquisition taken J] 31 May, 10 Hen. VII [A.D. 1495]. 
The jurors say that the aforesaid Robert Tailboys died seized 
of the manor of Sotteby, in his demesne as of fee . . . of 
the patronage of the house or monastery of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary of Bolyngton. . . . The manor of Sotteby is held 
of the king in chief by the service of half a knight's fee. . . 
The same Robert Tailboys and one John Gygour, clerk, 
warden of the college of Tatteshale, were seized in their 
demesne as of fee [of the manors] of Southkyme and North- 
kvme, with their members, &c., in Amwyke, with le Brent 
Fen in Amwyke aforesaid, Swyneshed, Iwardby, Conyngsby, 

* Referred to as ** the late Captain Moore's company." 

{Referred to as *' the late CapUin Wm. Wilson's company." 
This Inq. is much injured. Bvllyngay 

142 Lincolnshire Notes & ^tferies. 

Bylljrngay, Dokdyke, Walcotc next Byllyngay, Byker . . . 
chantry of the Blessed Nicholas, in Dok(hrke, and of the manor 
of Faldyngworth, with the advowson or the parish church of 
Faldyng worth, and of the manors of Metringham and Fryskney, 
the manor of . . . with its appurtenances in Osbyrnby, 
Asgarby, Swarby, and Helpryngham, together with tne 
advowsons of the parish churches of Aswarby and Asgarby, to 
the same manor of Aswardby pertaining, the manor of 

Crofte. with its members, &c Wynthorp, Burgh 

in le Marsh, and Braytoft, the manors of Waynfleit, Elking- 
ton, Baumburgh, Golthaugh, Skeldynghop, Ingham and 
Cotes, and of ... . acres of land and 60 acres of 
pasture in the vills of Spaldyng, Pynchebek, and Weston, 
4 acres of pasture, late of Robert Huchynson, in Kyrkton in 
Holand, 40 cottages, 20 tofts, 100 acres of land, 500 acres of 
meadow, 1000 acres of pasture, and 3 /i. of rent in the vills of 
Algerkyrke, Sutterton Swyneshed, Byker, Skyrbek, Quadryng, 
Southkyme, . . . Frysthorp, and Kyrton in Lyndesey, &c. 

By their charter, tne date of which is at Kyme, 2 Jan. . . in 
the 9th • . • they delivered and by their same charter confirmed 
to Richard [Fox], bishop of Durham, and William [Smith], 
bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, Sir William Huse, knight, 
Chief Justice of the Pleas, [and others] . . . advowsons, lands 
and tenements aforesaid. To have and to hold the same castles, 
manors, &c., forever, to fulfil the last will . . . knight • . . 
and they are as yet so thereof seized. Which said Sir Robert 
Taylboys, knight, afterwards . . . lands in the aforesaid feoff- 
ment contained in manner and form following. That is to say, 
that his feoffees should enfeoff William Taylboys, one of the 
sons of the said Robert, of the said manors of Faldyngworth and 
Metringham, and of all the aforesaid lands . . • with their 
appurtenances (except the advowson of the church of Faldyng- 
worth), by their deed, for his life, the reversion thereof to the 
said feoffees ... to the use of the same Sir Robert Tailboys. 
. And the same Robert also willed that the said feoffees should 
make a like estate [to the use of Robert,* another] of the sons 
of the same Sir Robert . . . Fryskeney, with the appurten- 
ances, ... to the said manor belonging or pertaining, from 
certain of all the aforesaid messuages, lands and tenements, with 
their appurtenances, in Spaldyne, Weston, and Pynchbek . . . 
of Robert Huchynson in ICyrkton in Holand, the reversion 
belonging to the said feoffees to the use of the right heirs of the 

* See Ch. !./.«. 10 H. VII., No. 88. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 143 

same Sir Robert. And the same Sir Robert • • • to Richard 
Talboys, another of the sons of the same Sir Robert! of the said 
manor of Aswardby ... to the same feoflees belonging and 
pertaining, to the use of the right heirs of the said Sir Robert. 
• • • • • 

They also say that ... Sir Robert Tailboys, l^night. died 
30 Jan. last past [A.D. 1394-S], and that George Tailboys, 
esquire, aged 28 years,* [is son and] next [heir] of the said 
Sir Robert Tailboys, knight. 

{To be continued.) W. Boyd. 

III. — ^Mid-Lincolnshire Folk-Lore, 60 years ago. — 
WtTUirds and Witches. — A robbery having been committed at 
a &rm, and no clue being found, though several persons were 
suspeded, the farmer's wife persuaded her husband to send for the 
Wizard of Lincoln, named Wosdel, who came with his ^miliar 
spirit in the form of a blackbird, and soon found out who had com- 
mitted the robbery and how it was done \ but in doing so, the 
fluttering about in the crewyard, under Wosdel's direction, so 
terrified the cattle that a labourer had the greatest difficulty in 
keeping them out of the barn where he was threshings Then 
the wizard asked the &rmer and his wife whether he should 
make the two thieves come into the room at once or show them 
on the wall, and on their saying he might do which he pleased, a 
labourer hurried into the room to ask what he was to do, though 
he had been told his work just before. When he was gone, 
Wosdel said '^ That is one of them, and that " (pointing to the 
figure of one of their farm lads, which appeared on the wall) 
^is the other.** Soon after, the man and lad were arrested, 
and the man turning King's evidence, and the money being 
found concealed at the lad*s home, he was convi£ied and 

A woman who was supposed to be a witch, and to have a 
^miliar spirit in the shape of a magpie, when near death, said 
^Is the pig in the stye and the door shut?" (this is an apology 
for bad singing, implying it would drive even a pig mad) '^then 
I will sing you the witches' death song. 

'When the Lord takes old women's leniet, 
He takes them over dykes and fences 
Straight away to heaven. 

'When the Lord gives old women graces. 
They wear no more witches' faces. 

For the Lord takes them straight to heaven.' " 

* See Ch. l.fjm. lo H. VIL, No. 89. 


1 44 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

She sang nearly 20 more verses, but only these two are now 
remembered by one of the persons who heard them sung. 

The same person said that her mother used to cut the corns 
of another witch, who died in 1830, and in doing so contrived 
to make her bleed, so that she could not do anything at her. 

Qhosts, — Formerly a white calf was to be seen near Tupholme 
Priory, and the person who told me said she had seen it, though 
the people with her did not, and accounted for the fa£l by 
saying she was born at twilight, and therefore could see what 
others could not, and so avoided going out at twilight, as she 
had seen things which terrified her. 

A woman who died from negle^ and whose husband married 
the woman who ought to have attended to her, haunted 
the cottage until her spirit was laid in a box and buried in the 
cottage by a clergyman ; but when the man died in 1 840 and 
the cottage was taken down, the workmen broke open the box 
in which the woman's spirit had been laid for 30 years, but it 
then burst forth, with such a sound as if all the trees in the 
neighbouring wood were falling, so that the workmen ran away 
in terror. 

I have heard of a similar case where the spirit can only be 
kept quiet by a light being burnt in the room where the person 
died. Probably this accounts for the lights often seen burning 
all night in villages, though other reasons may be eiven by 
poor people for the expensive and apparently useless luxury of 
always having a light burning through the night. 

I nave heard that if a person sees a dead body, but does not 
touch it, the spirit will haunt that person for some time. 

The following are signs of death i — 

1. If a cock crows at midnight. 

2. If in rineing the church belb the passing bell is tolled 

by mistake, as if for a funeral. 

3. If a cart is heard to stop at the door but nothing can 

be seen, hence its name " the death cart." 

4. If a lamp-glass breaks, without being struck, and when 

the lamp is not lit. 

The following are more or less unlucky : — 

1. To put a lighted lantern on a table. 

2. To put new boots on a table. 

3. To open an umbrella in the house before going out 

in the rain. 

J. A. Penny. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 145 

112. Children's Games. — Can any reader of the Lines. 
Notes (^ ^eries suppiv me with an account of the words and 
dramatic adUon used m playing the old games popular in the 
Shire ? I am already acquainted with "The Jolly Miller " ; "The 
Parson's Cat"; a round game beginning "I, a genteel Lady"; 
"The Wolf; "Wisket-a-wasket"; "Round and round the 
Village"; "Stepping on the green grass"; "When the trees are 
uncovered"; "Mary sits a-weeping"; "When I was a School- 
boy"; "It is so, so, so, does the Peasant"; "Oranges and 
lemons"; "Queen Anne"; "Pins and needles"; "Green 
gravel"; "Nuts in May"; "The mulberry bush"; "Oats and 
beans and barley grows"; "Miss Jenny Jones"; "I hired a 
horse"; "The old oak tree"; "Pretty Miss Pink"; and "Musical 
chairs" [is "Margery move all" the same game?]. 

"Manor-Prison" is a kind of " Prisoner's Base' played on the 
Nottinghamshire bank of the Trent, but I am uncertain whether 
it is known in Lincolnshire. "The old Willow-Tree grows 
thicker and thicker every Monday morning" is also current on the 
western side of the river, but I cannot discover it in Lincoln- 
shire, nor find out the exad words and gestures of the game. 

M. G. W. P. 

113. B ARTOK-oN-HuMBER : JowELL Hall. — In an old 
deed, dated 1622, relating to property at Barton-on-Humber, is 
named a building called " Jowell Hall," situate in Burgate Street. 
Any light on this now unknown name will be welcomed. 

H. W. B. 

114. Hather Family. — Can anyonegive particulars as to 
John Bussev de Hather, who was Sheriff of Lincolnshire in 
1384, 1386, and 1391 ? Any information respecting the 
Hather family will be acceptable. ^ 

115. WiMBUSH. The registers of All Saints, Stamford, 
record the marriage of Ralph Wimbushe and Elizabeth Johnson, 
2 1 St September, 1630; the .baptism of Thomas, their son, 
19th November (buried 2nd December), 1631 ; and the burial 
of Elizabeth, the wife of Ralph Wimbushe, 8th January. 
1631-2. To what stem can I "tack" Ralph Wimbush tor 
The lady was probably the third daughter of Geoffrey Johnson 
(second son of Maurice Johnson, of Stamford, brother to Arch- 
deacon Robert Johnson, founder of Uppingham and Oakham 

Vol 2. K Grammar 

146 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Grammar Schools) and his wife Bridget, daughter of Robert 
Harbottle, of Basingthorpe, co. Lincoln. The same parish 
register records the burial on nth March, 1687-8, of the 
Lady Mary Radlye. Will any reader of Lines, N. fsT ^ 
enlighten me who the latter was ? 

Stamford. J. S. 

116. FoLK-LoRE. — A household goblin resembling the 
Scotch Brownie, the Yorkshire Robin-Round-Cap, and the 
Danish Niss used to live at a homestead in, or near, Goxhill in 
the good old days. What was his name, and had he any 
brethren in the county? It is hardly likely he was a solitary 
specimen of the race. An old friend of mine tells me that 
"better than sixty-five year sin'" she heard her grandmother 
relate several stories about these little fellows who haunted 
farms and helped in the out-door and in-door work, but she 
forgets their names. 

Are there any Lincolnshire stories specially conne£ling the 
equine "boggard,*' known as Tatterfoal,or Shagfoal with water? 
He is as mischievous as the Scotch Water Kelpie, which often 
appears in the form of a horse. He also bears an unmistakable 
resemblance to the French Lutin, but does he delight in 
ducking his victims after the manner of that tricksy sprite ? 

The Swedish Backe-hasten, or brook horse, tempts the 
cattle into mires, and the peasants after them [see Li/i^ Letters^ 
andJournaU of Sir Charles Lyall^ vol. L, p. 421]. And the 
Damhest of Denmark "comes out of mill-dams, ponds, or 
lakes at night, and entices people to ride it, when it jumps into 
the water, [^t^ Danish Parsonage^ by an Angler, pp. 108, 109.] 
Hence it is clear "The tatter'd colt would be following a well- 
established precedent if he soused his too-confiding riders in dyke 
or beck before allowing them to escape. M P W P 

117. Lincoln and the Revolution of 1688. — ^The 
following passage occurs in the late Rev. George Oliver's* 
Collegians towards illustrating the Biography of the Scotch^ 
English and Irish Members of the Society ofjesus^ 1 845 (p. iii.) I 
have not elsewhere met with an account of this minor incident 
in what our fathers were wont to call " the glorious revolution." 
Dr. Oliver gives no reference as to where he obtained his 
information. He was, however, an accurate and painstaking 

♦ liGt the Rev. Dr. George Oliver, 1781-1867, Buccessively Vicar of Clee(i8i5), 
Scopwick (183 1), and South Hykeham (1846), but the Roman Catholic Mission 
Priest in the City of Exeter (1807-1861}. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 147 

Antiquary, and had no doubt good authority for his statements. 
Can any of your readers give a reference to any contemporary 
account of this outrage? 

^'Hamerton Peter . . . was settled at Lincoln with two 
more of his brethren. Here they had a chapel, not very 
spacious, but remarkably neat and well frequented ; as also a 
considerable school. In the early part of July, 1687, Bishop 
Leyburn, in the course of his visitation, came to Lincoln where 
F. Hamerton and his companions received him with honour, 
and presented 149 persons for confirmation. Everything now 
wore a prosperous appearance ; the father decided on purchasing 
a larger and better house, one of the most respe£table in the city ^ 
the contract was nearly concluded, when the hurricane of the 
revolution arose and swept all before it ; the phrensied populace 
suddenly hastened to the Father's house, vowing they would 
tear him limb from limb, but he had fortunately withdrawn 
just before, with his companions ; the rage of the mob was then 
directed to the chapel, and the house, which they levelled to the 

f round; the furniture and books were publicly burnt; the 
uilding materials were exposed for sale. Though the Father 
escaped being sacrificed to the fury of the revolutionists, he was 
shortly after recognized and apprehended in Yorkshire ..." 

Edward Peacock. 

118. Family of Sotherton. — A Christopher Sotherton, 
Gent., was Patron of the Church of Frampton in 1619, and 
John Sotherton, one of the Barons of the Exchequer, and a 
John Sotherton, Esq., appears subsequently as Patrons till 
1698. Can anyone inform me anything about this family and 
what arms they bore ? 

Burke's General Armory gives four families of Sotherton as 
conne£led with Notts., Essex, aud Norfolk, and the arms of 
each are different. Any information showing to which family 
the patrons of Frampton belonged will be thankfully receivea. 

Frampton Hallj nr. Boston. Colonel Moore, C.B. 

119. Gainsborough. — Burke says that Gainsborough, in 
Lincolnshire, gives the title of Earl to the Noel family, but 
that in the reign of Henry I., a grant of lands at Gainsborough, 
in Warwickshire, was made to an ancestor of the family. 
What is known of this Warwickshire Gainsborough ? Had 
the &mily ever any property in, or connedtion with, the 


148 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Lincolnshire Gainsborough, or what reason had they for 
taking their title from it ? Stark, in his History 0/ Gainsborough 
(Lincolnshire), says that the Earls are said to have built or 
inhabited a house which once existed there, called Red Hall; 
but I know of no other reference to their conne£Uon with the 
town, and they were never owners of the manor of 

Gainsborough. T. A. Dyson. 

120. Roman Bank. — Half-way between Fosdyke Bridge 
and the "reservoir" at Surfteet, behind the farmstead of 
Welland Cottage, there strikes off from the Welland left bank 
a bank which is known as the " Roman Bank." It bears this 
name as far as the point where it is crossed by the " ramper *' 
(main parish road) from Gosberton to Sutterton ; beyond that 
point it is called Wigtoft Bank. It was, I suppose, one of the 
containing banks of Bicker "Haven," Gosberton Bank being 
the other. Was this " Roman Bank " construdled by the 
Romans ? Or how did this name come to be applied to it ? 

I was once told a story about the bank, but whether the 
"Roman Bank" or the Welland Bank, I do not now 
remember ; at all events it is immaterial, for the bank in 
question was one that kept in the water of the river. " Once 
when there was a very high tide, the river rose so high that it 
broke the bank (on the Surfleet side close to the spot where the 
two banks unite) and a girl was milking a cow just on the 
other side. Well, the flood burst the bank, and carried her 
and the cow right away, and * drownded ' them both. The 
milking-stool was found half-a-mile away ; and all the land 
was flooded for miles and miles." 

Is there anv fad underlying this legend — the high tide of 
November, 181 o, say? 

Up to what period, or what year, did the sea-water flow up 
"Bicker Haven"? 

In Thompson's History of Boston (p. 646 note 2) I read 
"Chapman on Bichr Hcf^en (p. 15)." This work, I presume, 
formed part of the MS. collections of the late W. Chapman, 
Esq., which Thompson mentions in his earlier work {yide 
Preface) on the Materials for a History of Boston. Were 
these MS. collections ever published ? If so, when and where ? 
If not, is it known in whose possession they now are ? 

Edinburgh. J. T. B. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 149 

121. DoiBLES. — Can any reader of Lines. N. V ^ explain 
the meaning of the following phrase, which was used in answer 
to a suggestion that a marshman should emigrate, ^^ Whoy shud 
01, Oi am't been in no'doibles?" Is it connected with the 
word "dibble,** to make holes for planting seeds in, and by 
transfer^ the hole itself to make? Emigration in the eyes of 
many Lincolnshire folk is still little better than banishment, 
and the idea in the mind of the speaker evidently was that he 
had not got in such a fix, " into such a hole,' that he was 
compelled to choose between banishment and the risk of going 
to prison. The expression is common in the Norfolk marshes also. 

RoBT. M. Heanley, 

122. Joseph Pontifex. — I wish to find the burial and 
tomb of " Joseph Pontifex, Recorder of the Borough,** about 
1780. A Mr. Pontifex copied the "arms** and used them 
with those of " Yarburgh of Lincoln County.'* His son E. F. 
Pontifex was in Northampton in 1849 but lost to sight ever 
since. The question is to prove whether these people were 
from "Pontifex" of Bucks County, 1516, from whom I am 
maternally descended. 

51, England Lane^ London^ N.fT. C. J. Hersey. 

1 2 J. Erasmus Stourton of Walesby. — Will any reader 
of Ltncs. N. & ^., who is able, be so good as to communicate 
to me the pedigree and coat of arms of the Re£lor of Walesby 
(16^1-1658), who appears as Erasmus Stourton in the " List 
of Lincolnshire Gentry *' in the Oftober number of Lines. 
N. fsT ^., but who signs himself in Walesby register, with the 
spelling " Sturton,'* though his grandson Matthew, "curate** of 
Walesby in 1699, spells the name "Stourton,** in which form 
the name ever afterwards occurs at Tealby, whither Matthew 
went. Is this a branch of the family of Baron Mowbray and 
Stourton ? 

Commarkety Louth. G. Larder. 

124. Eau. — ^This word is used to indicate the. feeders of 
some of the great drainage channels and rivers in the Fens, 
e.g.y Gosberton or Riseeate Eau. Compare also J. Algernon 
Clarke's Fen Sketches (1052), pp. 104, 106, for other instances. 
The people pronounce Risegate er^e. Now this is exadtly the 
pronunciation of the Danish Ja (Norweg. and Swed. ^'). 
Which of the two— spelling or pronunciation — is the older ? 


150 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

If the spelling, then the local pronunciation is wrong, and 
should be oh / If the pronunciation is of the greater antiquity, 
the speOing is incorred. Did the Danes, as a h£tj introduce 
their wordaa to indicate a narrow, sluggish stream, such as 
these Fen water-courses usually are? Is the word awe (so 
pronounced, no matter how spelt) in use in Yorkshire (say), or 
in any part of England that bears traces of Danish occupation ? 

EiUnlmrgb. J. T. B. 


125. Stow Green Fair (Vol. I., p. 123). — ^Mr. Peacock 
will find in Farmer's Notitia Monastica (ed. Jas. Nasmyth, 
1787), under Sempringham, ^Fin. £bor. Cart. 52 Hen. III. 
pro feria apud Stow"; this I take to be Stow Green. 

E£nburgh. J. T. B. 

126. Fire at Metherikgham (Vol. I., p. 252). — ^While 
busy over my Historical Notices of the Parish of Holbeachj 
I copied the following brief from the parish register, relating to 
the ^'Fire at Metheringham," about which a question is 
asked by Mr. £d. Peacock. ^Colle£ted Novem. 1659 the 
summe of thorteen shillings and four pence for the Parish of 
Metherineham in the countie, on a briefe, the money payd to 
Will Dickinson 21 Decemh^ 15, 1659 — z receipt for the 
sume." There is a good coUedion of briefs at Holbeach, and 
a very full colledion at Rippingale, in this county. 

Grant W, Macdonald, M.A. 

127. Phillips Glover, Esq., of Wkpington (Vol. II., 
p. 87). — Phillips Glover or Colonel Glover, of Wispington, 
married about a hundred years ago (beine then resident of Stain- 
field) Rebecca, eldest daughter of Mr. William Jepson, Proctor, 
Chapter Clerk, &c., of the Bail of Lincoln, sister to the Rev. 
George Jepson, M.A., Prebendary of Lincoln, 1 781-1837. 

CoT. and Mrs. Phillips Glover had a daughter who married 
Robert Vyner, Esq., Eathorpe, Warwickshire, and had a 
numerous family. I do not know if the Eathorpe property 
belonged originally to the Vyners or to Colonel Glover. 

Brettenham Rectory^ Suffolk. Charles Jepson Betham. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 151 

128. Booth of Killingholmb (Vol. II., p. 116). — ^A 
pedigree of this fkmily is given in The Visitation of the County 
of Lincoln^ 1562-4 (edited by William C. Metcalfe), p. 20. A 
pedigree of Booths descended from George Booth, of Barton, 
is given in the fifth volume of the The Genealogist (edited by 
George W, Marshall), p. 313. A somewhat lengthy notice of 
the &mily is given by Burke in his Extin£f ^aronetage^ and 
there are some interesting notes about them in Peacock's 
Church Furniture^ pp. 97 and 98. I have looked in vain 
amongst my books for an answer to your correspondent's final 

^" ^* J. GouLTON Constable. 

129. Lincolnshire M.P.'s (Vol. IL, p. 116) — Sir Thomas 
Meres, The proper spelling is Meres, not Meers. He died July 
9th, 1 71 Sip and was buried July 23rd, in the vault under the 
chancel of the Church of St. Peter, Kirby Bellars, Leic. In 
the same place lie the bodies of Sir Erasmus de la Fountaine, 
Lady Anne (daughterof Sir Erasmus), wife of Sir Thomas Meres, 
and Sir John Meres, their son. Some time zzo a stone gave way 
at the entrance to the vault, and one of the churchwardens went 
down and copied the names and dates upon the coflins. 

The date of birth is not given, nor his age, neither does the 
Register which I have had examined contain the information. 

Brief notices of Sir Thomas will be found in both Pepy's 
and Evelyn's Diaries^ somewhat more extended notes in Burnet's 
History^ Brampton's Memoirs^ Cartwright's Diary ^ and 
Macaulay mentions him. 

He was appointed Commissioner of the Admiralty 
February 14th, 1679, and continued a member of the 
succeeding Commissions until 1684^ there is an interesting 
note of him in Nichols' Herald and genealogist. 

His will is filed in the Record Office, Somerset House, and a 
facsimile copy is in my possession. He signs his name Tho. Meres. 
It was proved 14th May, 1716, and was evidently drawn 
prior to the year 1 698, as he refers to his wife the Ladv Meres 
?she died 1698). He dire£b his ^^Boddy be buried in L^incolne 
Minster," makes his son John Meres, Executor, and appoints 
his ^^good brother Robert Meeres, Esquire, and my deare 
nephew Gilbert Dolben, Esquire," to oversee and dire£l the 
Executor, disposes of his houses at London (Bloomsbury) 
Norman ton, and Lincoln, also another House in the close of 
Lincoln ^ which Mr. PuUy lately lived in," his lands, &c., in 
the lordship of Stonesby, co. Leic. 


152 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

To his son William an annuity ^ out of lands, ice, which I 
bought of Mr. John Gelson lying in Kirton or Alderchurche, 
Line," residue to his three children John, Francis Katerina, 
and Elizabeth, special legacy to his daughter Mary, not else- 
where mentioned. The conclusion evidently of later date 
than the foregoing reads : — 

" Whereas I had writt (but not sealed) this my will before 
the death of my then eldest son Thos."; and proceeds to 
appoint " sonn John Meres " sole executor, with the residue to 
the three children before mentioned, ''one share foi'each childe." 

Sir Thomas was nominated for Speaker twice, viz., March, 
1679, and May, 1685, and was rejected both times: in the first 
instance by the opposition, in the second by the court party. 

Sir John Meres, his son, was knighted 26th December, 
1700. He inherited Kirby Bellars through his mother; died 
and was buried there Februarv, 1736. In 1720 he published 
a political pamphlet, entitled The Equity of Parliaments or 
Public Faith '^indicated. In the preface he speaks of himself as 
living a very retired life. He had in his possession a notable 
portrait of John Milton, which has been engraved. He was 
High Sheriff, Leic, 17 15, and was an F.R.S. He died 
unmarried. The Gentlemaris Magazine says he was worth 
^4,000 per annum. 

Bridgeport^ Conn.^ U.S.J. Edward Deacon. 

Sir Christopher Nevile^ M.P. for Lincoln, 1689-90. — ^Mr. 
W. D. Pink may like to know that the monuments of 
Sir Christopher Nevile and his two wives still remain in the 
chancel of the old Parish Church of Aubourn. The rest of 
the Church was taken down after a new Church had been 
built in 1864 on another site; but the chancel still stands in 
good condition, being used for funerals, and contains these and 
several other monuments. The epitaphs are very long and 
wordy ; Sir Christopher Nevile is described in them as 
"ex antiqua familia de Grove de Rabi," and mention is made 
of his grandfather George who died 1653; ^^ ^'^ father. Sir 
Gervase, who died in the next year ; and his mother, Katherine, 
daughter of Sir Richard Hutton, who survived him nearly 30 
years ; and of his two wives : ( i ) Katherine, daughter of Thomas 
£astoft,of Eastoft, Esq., who died 1668 ; (2) Katherine, daughter 
of Sir Arthur Ingram, of Temple Newsam, Bart., who died 
4 April, 1715. Sir Christopher himself died, without children, 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 153 

18 November, 1692, aged 61 ; but the fkmilv is by no means 
extin£l:, being now represented by R. H. C. Nevile, Esq., of 
Wellingore, who still owns the Aubourn property. Amongst 
other monuments in the Chancel is one of Anthony Meers, 
who died 1587, aged 76. 

^ Amber" is no doubt a mistake for Aubur, as Aubourn is 
still locally pronounced. The name is spelt Aubur in the 
Parish Register of 1789, and Aubour on Lady Nevile^s tomb- 
stone of 1 71 5; on the Church Plate of 1704 it is Auburg, 
and it was anciently written Aburgh or Auburgh, 

R« £• C« 

Sir Christopher NtpiUy M.P. for Lincoln in 1689, was the 
son of Sir Gervas Nevile, of Haddington, and grandson of 
George Nevile, of Thorney. Sir Christopher, who married 
(firstly) Katherine, daughter of Thomas Eastoft, and (secondly) 
Katherine, daughter of Sir Arthur Ingram, of Temple New- 
sam, died in 1692, leaving no issue, his only son having died 
in 1658. The old Manor House of Aubourn, which contains 
a fine carved oak staircase, remained in the possession of the 
family and now belongs to the Neviles of Wellingore, a younger 
branch of the Neviles of Thorney, who again are the 
representatives of the Neviles of Grove, who descended from 
Sir Robert Nevile, of Eldon, a younger son of Ralph, Lord of 
Raby and Brancepeth, the vi£lor of Nevile's Cross. 

A. E. N. 

130. The Family of Eland (Vol. II., p. 117). — ^The 
following entries from the Calceby Register give some 
information concerning the Eland Family. Bryan Eland was 
a tenant by indenture before the Manor was sold to Sir Drayner 
Massingberd in 1658. 


1636. Margret Eland, daughter of Bryan Eland, bapt., 
14 August. 

1639. Thomas, son of Bryan Eland and Margery his 

wife, bapt.. May 21. 

1640. Feb. 24, John, son of the same, bapt. 
1655. ^mes, son of same, bapt., Sept. 28. 

1676. Thomas, son of Thomas Eland and Ellen his 

wife, bapt., loOSL 
1676. Henry, son of same, bapt., 10 May. 
i68o. Ellen, wife of Thomas Eland, buried, i Nov. 


154 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


1682. Thomas Ealand, buried, 8 Nov. 
1698. Brian Ealand, buried, 26 0£L 
Thomas Ealand made his mark in 1676 as churchwarden. 

W. M. 



Notes on Holbeach Church. By Henry Peet, Esq., Member 
of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. Holbeach: 
H. A. Merry, High Street. 8vo. Pp. 24. Illustrated. 

Mr. Peet has conferred a real benefit on Lincolnshire 
Ecclesiology by the publication of his paper on the history and 
architecture of Holbeach Church, read before the Literary 
Society of that town last November. It is an excellent example 
of the local topographical works which are slowly but steadily 
supplying the want of a general County History, and for which 
they are furnishing valuable material whenever that gigantic 
work is undertaken. 

Mr. Peet is well qualified for his self-imposed task, not only 
by an ardent admiration for the church of his native town, which 
is justly ranked among the four finest Parish Churches of its 
style — Curvilinear Decorated — to be found in the kingdom, 
but also by a scientific acquaintance with ecclesiastical architec- 
ture, and a reverent appreciation of the sacred charader of the 
edifice, and of the purposes which its various parts were originally 
intended to serve, or to which they have been successively 
adapted. Not the attractiveness only, but the usefulness of the little 
brochure is increased by the wood-cuts of portions of the building 
and the autotype illustrations of the exterior and interior, 
prepared from photographs taken specially for the purpose, with 
which it is so richly furnished. Every detail ofthearchite£lure 
is so faithfully reproduced in the autotypes that they will reward 
minute inspe£Uon even with a magnifying glass, as pages in a 
lesson book of Curvilinear Architedlure. It is to be regretted 
that, with the exception of the curious wood-cut of the rebuild- 
ing of the upper portion of the spire in 1866, and one other, 
these illustrations are without descriptive titles. Most of them, 
it is true, explain themselves, but not all. 

If less interesting to archaeologists than some neighbouring 
churches, such as Ix»ng Sutton, Whaplode, and the huge fabric 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 155 

of Spalding, where the building has been spread over some 
centuries and supplies examples of several difierent styles, 
Holbeach church, having been built from end to end at one 
epoch and almost without any material interruption, is a homo- 
geneous example of one style, and that the very flower of our 
national architedure. and is throughout of one symmetrical 
design. It thus, in Mr. Peet's words, ^'presents few difficulties 
to the student, being one of those architectural books in which 
he who runs may read." Mr. Peet considers the arcades and aisles 
of the nave as somewhat earlier than the chancel. This latter 
is known to be subsequent to 1340, in which vear the Bishop of 
Lincoln, to whom the church had recently been appropriated, 
was ordered to build the chancel de novo. Before this the 
chancel of the original Norman church, — of which the bases of 
the piers at the west end of the northern arcade are to be seen 
forming the foundations of the tall clustered piers of the present 
nave was still standing, the new chancel, according to our author, 
being ^'completed and ready for consecration about 1360. 
Then followed an interruption in the work for nearly twenty 
years, at the close of which period the clerestory was added to 
the nave, having been already prepared for by the eastern 
wall having been carried upwards '^screen-Uke above the slope of 
the chancel roof,'* and at the same period {c, 1 380), the tower and 
spire were carried up \ the whole stru£lure, nave, aisles, chancel, 
south porch, tower and spire, being fully completed before the 
close of the century. 

The singular, and we must add very ugly design of the 
great west window of the tower is shown in one of Air. Peet*s 
beautiful photographs, which also enables us to realize the grand 
proportions of the tower arch, one of the noblest features of 
the interior. This window is of five lights, a smaller window 
of three lights standing, as it were, within the larger outside 
arch, with which it is concentric, the four muUions being 
carried up vertically from the sill to the soffite of the arch, 
the interspaces being relieved by cusping, forming a remark- 
ably awkward and ungraceful design. We do not think there 
is any ground for Mr. Peet's suggestion that at some time or 
other the design has been mutilated, as we have the same 
arrangement in the two lateral windows of the tower, and 
it is not probable that all should have received the same kind of 
mutilation. Mr. Peet j ustly remarks on the interior of the church 
being so much plainer than the exterior, as a chara<Steristic com- 
mon to the Churches of the epoch when, as the late Mr. Edmund 


156 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Sharpe used to say, ^ they turned all their richest archite£hire out 
of doors.** The windows, beautiful example of flowing tracery, 
with a tendency to Flamboyant, ^probably unrivalTed among 
Fenland churches,** are certainly more striking in their external 
than in their internal eSe€t. They have doubtless lost much by 
the destrudion of the painted glass in which they were rich, but 
of which ^not a vestige now remains." Passing to south porch, 
Mr. Peet calls attention to the very unusual sharpness of its 
external door arch. We were not previously aware that the head 
of the arch at one time had tracery, and that the groove for 
glazing was still visible. The north porch he allows to remain an 
^ architedual puzzle.'* He however decides against its having 
been an " after thought," the construdion of the walls proving 
that it formed part of the original building, but he allows that 
the whole design has been much altered and modified, especially 
by the construdion of a parvise above the porch, not originally 
contemplated, and by the addition of the circular turrets at the 
corners, presenting ^^the appearance rather of a baronial gate- 
house than of the entrance to an ecclesiastical building," and 
evidently '^ grafted on " at a later period. He does not allude 
to the common but untenable notion of these turrets having been 
broueht ftom some adjacent manor-house and re-ere£bed here. 
Mr. reet pleads for the speedy repair of this curious porch, 
^valuable features of which are in danger of being lost from 
decay." But he is careful to explain that he means ^'a careftil 
and conservative restoration which will assist instead of mis- 
leading and conftising the antiquary." Need we say that in 
this we are thoroughly at one with him ? 

The magnificent Littlebury altar tomb with its noble mailed 
effiey receives due notice, but we look in vain for any 
explanation of the singular device on which, as a crest, the 
knight*s helmeted head is resting, a man's head — surely not ^^ a 
woman's" — enveloped in a close-fitting net. The origin of 
this device is doubtless historical. Perhaps some reader of 
Lines. N. ist ^ may be able to suggest an explanation. 

Lit era Laureata; or^ A SeleStion firom the Poetical Writings 
in Lincolnshire Language by John Brown; with Introduction^ 
Life^ and Explanatory Notes by the Rev. J. Conway Walter. 
Horncastle: W, K. Morton. Pp. xliv., 156. 8vo. 1890. 

For genuine writings in dialect we have always a hearty 
welcome. When so many manuiadured catch-pennies are 


Uncobishire Notes & Queries. 157 

abroad of a purely artificial charaAer, it is a relief to come 
across a writer who uses dialed as his natural and spontaneous 
vehicle of* expression. We do not say that John Brown 
warbles his native wood-notes with anything like the same 
poetical inspiration that gives distindion to the charming 
lyrics of Barnes and Waugh, or even the descriptive pieces of 
Bloom field and Clare, still there is something of the note of 
genuine fi>lk-speech in his writings, and we only regret that so 
much of his volume is taken up with mere versifications in 
book-English, of no literary merit, though creditable, of course, 
to a self-educated working man. John Brown, whom his 
admirers delight to call " The Homcasde Laureate,** was the 
son of the Master of the Workhouse in that place, bom in 
1 812. Following the trade of a house painter and glazier, he 
seems to have devoted most of his leisure hours to what he 
would probably himself have called ^the cultivation of the 
Muses." His humourous piece entitled ^^ Neddy and Sally; 
or, the Statute Day," has been tolerably well-known, and is 
perhaps his most successful effort j and all he writes is, we are 
pleased to note, laudably free fi^om that coarseness which some- 
times tinges the verses of the people. But Brown — we may as well 
say it at once — ^was a rhymer and not a poet. He deliberately 
and with malice prepense hitched his thoughts into verse, and 
often, we opine, with considerable difficulty in the process. 
But of real irrepressible poetry and curious felicities of 
expression, such as we meet with in that true working-man 
poet, Gerald Massey, we find little or no trace. On the 
contrary, we find not a few curious infelicities and dislocations 
of idiom, which jar us harshly, such as '^ sunny shade " (p. 4} ; 
^ No pinder's son is seen to wile in quest of aught that stray '* 
(p. 5, the Editor charitably thinks that this may pass fi>r ^to 
go in wily quest"); "*T would bear of no delay" (p. 62); 
"No traitor hand ere^s the horns of car e^ (p. 1 01, the Editor, 
here hard put to it, suggests that this, in Biblical language, 
may mean ^ encourages care," or even " lifts up the haemes^ 
i.e^ brains or head of care"!} In a literary point of view, 
then. Brown's verses have no claim to immortality; if they 
live at all it will be by virtue of the provincialisms, which will 
alwajrs lend them a certain value in the eyes of a student of 
language. But even in his use of diale£b he appears sometimes 
to be guilty of solecisms. " It's nobhut but a gosling blast " is 
a pleonastic phrase that occurs more than once (pp. 56, 72}, 
but we more than doubt if any Lincolnshire man would so 


158 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

express himself. Mr. Conwav Walter is evidently an 
enthusiastic admirer of Brown s, and sometimes lets his 
enthusiasm outrun his more sober critical judgment. He has 
bestowed an immense amount of care in editing the poems, 
and has almost overburdened them with an excess of annotation, 
as if every allusion, local or otherwise, deserved the full 
commentary of a classic. Some of his philological prolusions 
(^^., on connyfogled^ pp. 18, 155) are wildly speculative, and 
some of his Anglo-Saxon, we venture to say, will be a 
discovery to Professor Skeat. What can be said for a note 
like this, " The root of ' fluther ' may be the Greek * poly- 
phloisbos thalasse' of Homer" (p. 46)? We are surprised to 
find a conscientious editor, as Mr. Walter undoubtedly is, 
venturing to displace from the text, in favour of the word 
"sprawling," the interesting word " sl'prawdering," a£lually 
written by Brown. However, when all is said, we are thankful 
for the book} and we trust that Brown's widow, to whom the 
profits are to be given, will derive a substantial benefit from its 

Associated Archite£fural Societies* Reports and Papers. 1889. 
Vol. XX., Part i. Edited by the Rev. Prebendary Harvey, 
F.S.A. Lincoln: James Williamson. Demy 8vo. Pp. [10] 
xii., yia — viA, 184. 

Sixteen months after the meetings chronicled in it have 
been held, fourteen or even fifteen months after they might 
have been issued with not unreasonable energy, four months 
after what was promised at Bourn as their latest date, namely, 
that of the succeeding meeting, the Associated Societies' 
volume at last has crawled into the hands of members. We 
have made our protest before, and we are sorry to be obliged to 
repeat it with emphasis. Nearly every one of these papers 
was ready for the press sixteen months before its appearing, 
and even the Report of the Society's Excursion is almost 
wholly from the written account read in each church by the 
Bishop of Nottingham. For this enormous delay we can see 
no possible excuse. The Reports of the other Societies — all 
of them far shorter than the Lincolnshire one — were equally 
conne£led only with a summer meeting ; the one paper of 
later date — Precentor Venables' study of the bosses in Lincoln 
Cloisters — belongs to the second part of this volume and had 
much better have been left for it \ while the Index, which is 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 159 

always a hir plea for liberal time, is in separate form, and 
might have been issued at any time. 

The volume itself, however, is one of great and permanent 
value, and somewhat better edited than some of its predecessors. 
The Northampton and Oakham Society, it is true, still 
apparently consists mainly of schoolboys or ladies, who record 
with glee, after their visit to the unknown wonders of London, 
that they ** started from Euston Hotel in a brake," had " lunch 
provided at Crosby Hall," and " dined in a private room " — 
this is to show their knowingness — ^^at the Holborn 
Restaurant." It is sad to think that from accomplished 
architedural critics of this sort the new reredos at St Paul's, 
''which has attraded considerable attention (even outside the 
Northampton Society) was next examined, but did not meet 
with universal approoation." Anxious however to do justice 
to so rarely visited a city, the Innocents abroad " proceeded to 
All Saints', Barking" (known to mere Londoners as All 
Hallows) and safely ''reached St. Saviour's, Southwark, a 
church so large that " one might almost call it a cathedraL" 
and if it had been a few feet longer the Secretary would 
apparently have braced himself up for the effort. It is 
either obviously high time that the reports of excursions were 
properly edited, or confined to a mere statement of the places 

We cannot but note with some satisfa£Uon the prominent 
place which the Lincolnshire Society still maintains, its report 
occupying no less than 93 pages out of 241. The other 
Associated Societies indeed seem rather behind-hand, Bedford- 
shire giving no paper at all ; Yorkshire only one, on the 
Sculptures in Adel Church \ and Leicestershire only a further 
instalment of that exceedingly dull piece of reading — useful, 
no doubt, in a large County History, but not suited for a 
General Report — the Lay Subsidy Roll of 1 327. Northampton- 
shire however, besides a paper on the Norman Sculpture of the 
County, by Mr. J. R. Allen, has a very valuable paper by that 
excellent antiquarian. Sir Henry Dryden, on the ancient 
method of fixing brasses, which we commend to the attentive 
reading of all clergy who have loose brasses in their churches. 
And Worcestershire, besides a pleasant, chatty paper on the 
Lechmere family and Severn End, has one of those valuable 
side-studies in nistory from the pen of a real master which 
these Societies have done so much to encourage, "the Italian 
Bishops of Worcester," by Canon Creighton. 


i6o Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

The Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire Society on the other 
hand contributes no less than eight papers, besides a thorough 
report by Bishop TroUope, of the places visited, which the 
Northamptonshire Society would do well to ponder over as a 
contrast. Three of these— on Bourn Abbey and Castle, by 
Precentor Venables, on the Willoughby Monuments at 
Edenham, by Bishop TroUope, and on tne Fens of South 
Lincolnshire, by Mr. W. H. Wheeler, — were read at the 
Bourn meeting. The first two are valuable papers of the kind 
for which the Society has long been distinguished ; the last, 
we think, had better have been left unprinted. It shows no 
trace of real research, and makes some obviously erroneous 
statements. The Carr Dyke is never known as the " Caer " 
Dyke, Caer being a totally different word, but is from " Carr " 
— Danish Kjarr, an unenclosed copse. The plans of the Norman 
Choir of Southwell Minster here given, with a short 
memorandum by the Editor, were, it is stated with curious 
insouciance^ intended for the volume of 1873, but were, "for 
some reason or other, forgotten." Canon Christopher 
Wordsworth gives an account of the Guild of Bell-ringers in 
the Minster, and the Rev. A. R. Maddison continues his 
interesting history of the Minster Choir, from 1640 to 1700 \ 
the Rev. Andrew Trollope contributes notes, with an 
illustration, on some of the fine silver plate which was exhibited 
by Lord Willoughby d'Eresby to the Society at Grimsthorpe, 
and Precentor Venables describes the bosses in the East wall 
of the Minster Cloisters, with some beautiful lithographs 
reproduced from the Builder, There are also some very good 
engravings of the south doorway at Little Bytham, the font 
and a sculptured stone at Edenham, and the half-effigies and 
the very interesting heart shrine (the latter somehow omitted 
in Bishop TroUope's account) in Careby Church, from the 
pencil of Mr. Scorer, as well as one of the sole remaining pier- 
bases of Vaudey Abbey in Grimsthorpe Park. Altogether the 
volume is one^ of great interest and value, and in itself worth 
more than the annual subscription of membership. 

Index-making is so tedious and thankless a task that we 
should be relu£bnt to find fault, unless it were carelessly done, 
which here is not the case. But we can hardly help noting 
that the arrangement adopted for the names of persons is 
singularly unhappy, of which "Blaydes, Esq., paper by G. A.,** 
ana " Harvey resigns Hon. Secretaryship of Lincoln and 
Nottingham Architedural Soc., Rev. G. T.," may serve as 


Notes & Queries. 

Y OF Wblleby. — The pedigrees 

ed in the Heralds' Visitations of 

5th century appear to trace only 

ical descent of special portions of 

ly, not noting collateral branches, 

er elder or younger, existent or 

„.....^: thus the Visitation of 1562 

traces the descent of Welby of Multon and Gedney, but docs 

not distinguish those memoera of the family who had lived at 

Welby, at Wigtoft, and at iCirtoni nor those still living at 

Fosdyltc, at Thorpe, at Barkston, at Denton, and in Norfolk. 

The illustration of stained glass in the East window of Ropsley 

Church, given on opposite page, is a reproduction of one of 

William Fowler's coloured drawings,* and represents Sir John 

dc Welby, circa 1376, referred to later. This paper is intended 

to set forth the records that have been found, and to discover 

the references which are imbedded in the traditional pedigree, 

shewing the existence of a N'anch of the family, living in that 

Parish which gave to it its name. 

■ Pobluboi mt WintcituD io iSoS. 

Vol. 2.— Part 6. t Earlv 

i62 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

trcr er 
n (t f» 


























Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 163 

The pedigree* states that John, Lord of Castillon,tfiirtfx Welbjr, 
lived at the time of the Conquest, and was the founder of the 
fiimily. He would be a Norman Knight in the following of 
one of the great leaders. No such name appears in the Roll of 
Battle Abbey, but in that of the Church of Dives f is 
Guillaume de Castillon. This latter Roll contains the names 
of those who assembled for the expedition ; but some of them 
were otherwise engaged in furthering the conquest of England, 
and did not take part in the battle of Hastings. From later 
records it is proved that the de Wellebys were Knights in the 
Roll of the de Cruns, who owned sixty-one Lordships principally 
in Lincolnshire. It may be noted that the name of Wido de 
Crun appears in the Dives Roll, and not in that of Battle 
Abbey. This Guillaume de Castillon may have had a son John, 
or the christian names may have become interchanged: no 
other family appears to claim descent from de Castillon. In 
Domesday 'Boo( the lands in Welleby are divided between the 
King and Wido de Crun ; when the de Cruns came to sub- 
infeudate their land, the fisimily to whom that fee was granted 
would take the name of de Welleby. The earliest record of 
these fees is the Black Book of the Exchequer; in it the 
tenants-in -chief make return to King Henry II. of the fees 
they had created, and for which they were liable to contribute 
towards an aid on the occasion of the marriage of the King's 
eldest daughter with Henry, Emperor of the Romans. { Maurice 
de Crun returns twenty-five Knights' fees, paying /i 5 for them 
four vears later ; of these Johannes de Wellebi held one fee and 
a half, enfeoffed before the death of Henry I. in 11 35. The 
return does not specify where the lands for these fees lay, but 
as one fee and a half is the amount of the de Crun possessions 
in Welleby, according to the Testa de Nevil, we can assume 
that the de Welleby tenancy lay in that parish. Johannes de 
Wellebi may have accompanied Maurice de Cnin,§ when, in 
1 1 74, Henry II. entrusted to him the custody of a newly- 
built strong fort at Ancenis, near Nantes, and of the Provinces 
of Maine and Anjou; and have gone with Guy, the son of 
Maurice, to the third crusade under Richard I. All that is 
certain is that he was dead i2o6|| when an amercement of fifty 

* Harl. MSS., 15 Co, f. 152. 

Burke'a Vianttida of FamWtes, 3rd Seriei. Appendix. 

Liber Niger. Heame. Vol. I, p. 272. £ditio altera. 

Dttgdale'i Sarmum fme^ I, p. 4.12. 
II Add. MSS., 6118, t 286. 


1 64 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

shillings was made on his heirs, on account of a knight's fee and 
a half of the Honour of Crun ; probably he died earlier, for 
Thomas,* one of his heirs, had been amerced in 1203, 
apparently on account of the same tenancy. In that same yearf 
Richelda, wife of Thomas de Welleby, brought an action 
against the Abbey of Valle Dei — Vaudey in Grimesthorpe 
Park.J This abbey had considerable property in Welleby, 
including fields, &c., and two woods called Albenhage and 
Hallefuthwad given by John, son of Roger; who may have been 
John de Welleby. The pedigree makes John the son of 
Oliver, but as Oliver was never a family name, and Roger 
appears soon afterwards, that entry may be a mistake. The 
name§ Thomas became common about this time, in honour of 
the murdered Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket. 
Richelda was probably so named, in honour of King Richard. 

A. C. E. Welby. 
(To be continued.) 

132. Some Account of the Pedigree Book of the 
Lincolnshire Gentry, by Thomas Beckwith, F.S.A., 
1768. — In the library of Revesby Abbey, in Lincolnshire, the 
seat of the Right Honble. Edward Stanhope, M.P., Secretary of 
State for War, is a tall folio volume, half-bound in deep red 
leather, with marble paper sides, and lettered in gold on the 
back: — 






1768. I 

Within, on the dono side of the cover, is the book-plate of 
Mr. James Banks Stanhope, the late owner of the MS. This 
ex libris consists of a shield of somewhat fanciful design, on 
which are the arms : — ^arterly Ermine and Gules ^ a crescent 
in fess point for difference^ and ensigned with, on a wreath, 
the Stanhope crest: — A demi^ion rampant Or^ holding in its 
paws a bomb fired proper^ issuant from a castle AzMre^ and 
below on a scroll, the motto a deo et rege. 

The book consists of some 288 pages, but only the first 144 
are numbered and used for MS. pedigrees, the rest of the book 

* Add. MSB., 6x18, f. 266. t Dugdale's MotiMtiam. Vol. v., p. 490. 

f HarU MSS., 301, Plutarch, xxxix, F» | SUnle/siJIiMi. of Caaterhwy, P. 196. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 1 65 

being blank with the exception of the last five pages which 
are devoted to an alphabetically-arranged index of the pedigrees 
in the book. 

These pedigrees are eighty-four in number, and are taken from 
sources, good, bad, and indifferent. A few shields of arms are 
tricked, some are only blazoned, and eighteen are feebly 

At page 131, is a copy of the confirmation of arms and 
Crest, to Thomas Holoeck of Stowe in the county of 
Lincoln, gentleman, by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, King of 
Arms, which is dated 14 January, 1586. 

The writer of the MS. and the colledor of the pedigrees was 
Mr. Thomas Beckwith, of Coppergate, in York. 

Mr. Samuel Redgrave, in his DiSiionary of •Artists (London : 
George Bell, 1878, p. 35), telk us that "Mr. Thomas Beckwith, 
the portrait paintery was the son of a respe£bble attorney in the 
West Riding of Yorkshire, and was apprenticed to a house- 
painter at Wakefield. Then, showing a taste for drawing, he 
became locally reputed as a clever portrait painter, and with the 
feeling of an Antiquary drew every church and obje£l of 
antiquity in the neighbourhood, till his drawings in pencil or 
water-colour formed an important coUedion. He was well 
known for his antiquarian knowledge. He published A Walk 
in and about the Gty of Tor(\ and was eled^ed soon after a 
Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London. He obtained 
a patent for a hardened crayon which held a good point. 
During the latter part of his life he resided in Coppergate, York, 
and died there February 17, 1786." 

To this I may add that Mr. Beckwith seems to have been 
married, as appears by a book-plate of his own design, a copy of 
which adorns the title page of this MS. book of Pedigrees. This 
ex libris is one of the rarest of the rare, and the only two other 
copies of it, that I know of, are in the possession of 
Mr. Augustus WoUaston Franks, C.B., who seems to possess 
everything that is rich and rare. 

The book-plate is of ornate design, and consists of very heavy 
mantling, within which is a quarterly and impaled shield 
ensigned with, on a wreath, the crest: — 

An Indian goat passant Or^ holding in its mouth an olive 
branch proper. 

The arms on the shield are quarterly: — 

I and 4. Argent^ a cht^ron between three grey^hounds* 
heads erased Gules (Beckwith). 

2. Argent^ 

1 66 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

2. Argent^ a Saltire engraiUd GuUs^ a chief per fiss 
dancettee Or and Azure (Bruce). 

2. Or^ three mullets pierced in bend A%ure. 

Impaling : — Or^ on a chtpron between three lions* heads erased 
Gules^ a fleur-de-Us between two annulets of the field (Beckett), 

Below, on a scroll is the motto: — 


and at the foot is inscribed: — 

«Tho«. Beckwith of York, Painter & F.A.S.** 
The title page of the book is: — 

of the 
Lincolnshire Gentry 
by Tho^ Beckwith 
Painter in York 
The pedigrees are as follows, and the numbers refer to the 
pages in the MS.: — 

Amoottt, 90 

Amundeville, 19 

Armine, of Otgodby, 105-8 

Armttrong of Corby, 115. 

Aytcough of Stallingborougk, 95 

Atwell of Legboume, 58 

Bard of North Keltey, 86 

Bamarditton, 89 

Bamecke of Tattenhall, 102 

BoUe of Thorpe, 119-20 

Bratoft, 59 

Burdet of Gainsborough, 40 

Bunie of Hay dor, 1 1 2-4 

Buny of Hougham, 19-20 

Carr of Sleaford, 1 03 

Cecil of Burleigh, 75-8 

Cholmley of Kirkby J 

Underwood, 29 I From Vvatamn of 
Cholmley of Burton f LaicolmMn of 16^4. 

Goggles, 29-30 j 
Conney of Basingthorpe, I09-10 
Coplcdyke, 44-5, 81-3 
Creasy of West Ravendale, 31 
Cressy of Fulsby in Kirby on Bane, 32 
Dallison, 68-9 

Disney of Norton Disney, 66-7 
Dymock of Scrivelsby, 43, 137 
Fox of Boston, 1 29 
Fulnetby, 52 
Gaunt, 139 

Guevara of Stanigot, 33 
Gednev, 54 

Goodnck of Bollingbrook, loo 
Gnntham, 6A-3 

HaU, 1 16-8 
Heneage of Hainton, 4I-2 
Hickman of Gainsborough, 24-6 
Holbeck, Thomas, Confirmation of 

Arms to, 131 
Jenney, 48 
Kerdeston, 139 
Kyme of Stickforth, 17 
Kyme, Barons, 18 
Langton of Langton, 50-I 
Ligne of Harlazton, 33 
Littlebury, 46-7 
Manby of Elsham, 83 
Marbury, 53 
Massingbeard, 60 
Meers of Kirton, 122-3 
Newcomen of Saltfieetby, 49 
Newton of Woolsthorpe, 1 26-8 
Oyri or D'Oirre of Gedney, 125 
Paynell of Boothby, 1 30 
Pepper, 98 
Purlaye, 96 
Pystor, 97 
Quadring, 94 
Robinson of Boston, 124 
Romare, 140 
Rud of Winterton, loi 
Saint Paul of Snarford, 64-5 
Saltmarsh, 121 
Sheffield of Butter- | From 

wick, 71-2 V Mr. Strangwmis* 

Sherwood, ill ) MSS. 

Skipwith, 79-80 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


Snarford of Snaiford, 121 

South of Kelftern, 34 

Southill of Redboume, 88 

Stukdey of Holboich, 1 32 

Tamhorne, 134 

Thetoft, 61 

Thorold of Mantoo, I-4 

Tborold of Hough, 7-8 

Thorold of Harmston, 5-7 

Thorold of Thoretby and Cazwoold, 10 

Thorpe, 57 

Tiln^, i3»-3 

Tirwhit of Kettlcby and Stantfield. 

Trewfldale, 87 

TroUope of Catewick. 23 

Turner of Stoke-Rochford, 143-4 

UmfraTille, 35-7 

Upton, 85 

Walpole of Pinchbeck, 93 

Welby of Gedney and Moulton, 90-2 

Wentworth of Aahby, 129 

Wichcote of Harpswell, 27, 104 

Whittington, 1 34-6 

Wnioughby of Enby, 39, 73-4 

Wilton of Stnibby and Sheepwath, 99 

Wray of Glenworth, 13-6 

Yarborottgbi 55-^ 

In the Beckwith MS. the following shields of arms are 
tricked in colour : — 

Agard, 134 

Egerton, 135 

Seckford, 136 

Bagott, 134 

Ouevara, 33 

South, 34 

Boothby, 134 

Holbeck, 131 

Stuteville, 136 

Daniel, I34 

Ligne, de, 33 

Tamhome, 134 

Darby, 1 34 

Metham, 135-^ 

Welles, 134 

Dinham, 135 

Monnox, 1 35 

Whittington, 134 

In the Dymoke pedigree (p. 44) the following note is of 
interest: — ^ His Majesty was pleased to confer the Honor of 
Knighthood upon His Champion Edward Dymoi(e of the Barony 
of Scrivehby in the County of Lincoln Esquire^ whose great 
sufferings all the late unhappy Wars, both in his Person and 
Estate, hath manifested his Loyalty and Integrity to His 
Majesty. In which name of Dymoke the Honour of 
Champion hath continued 400 years." — Mercurius Publicus^ 
April II to 18, 166 1. No. 15, page 239. Published by 
Authority: Westminster.'* 

As confirmations of arms and crest are of great interest, 
and are oft-times lost, it may be well to perpetuate in the pages 
of Lincolnshin Notes t^ ^eries what would be called Robert 
Cooke's gift to Thomas Holbeck of Stowe, in 1586. 

To ALL AND Singular as well Nobles and 
Gentiles as others to whom these presents shall 
come, be seen, heard, read or understood: Robert 
Cooke Esquire alias Clarenciulx (sic) King of Armes 
and principal Herald of the East West and South 
partes of this Realme of England sendeth greeting 
in our Lord God everlasting and being required of 
Thomas Holbeck of Stowe in the County of 
Lincolne, Gentleman, to make searche in the Regester 
and Recordes of my Office for the ancient Armes of 


1 68 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

that Name and Family whereof he is descended, 
whereupon I have made search accordingly, and do 
finde that he is lyneally descended from the ancient 
house of the Holbecks now remaining in the County 
aforesaid, who of lone continuance have borne for 
their Armes, the fern gold on a chief azure three 
Lyons^ heads erased of the fetid and for his crest or 
Cognaysance, upon the Healme out of a Crawne a 
Tetycanes head gold wounding himself {sic) Mantled 
Gules dubled Siher as more plainly appeared dipided 
in the Margent hereof; which Armes and Creast I 
the said Clarencieulx King of Armes by power 
and authority to me comytted by Letters Patent 
under the great Seale of England, doe Ratifie 
Confirme give ^ant and allow unto the said Thomas 
Holbeck Gentleman and to his posterity for ever 
with their due difference ; he and they the same to 
use bear enjoy and Shew forth at all times and for 
ever hereafter according to the Ancient Lawes of 
Armes without the Impediment lett or Interuption 
of any person or persons. In Witness whereof I the 
said Clarenciulx King of Armes have hereunto 
Subscribed my name and thereunto put the Seale of 
my Office the xiiij*** day of January in the year of 
our Lord God 1586 and in the xxix^ year of the 
Reigne of our most Gracious Sovereigne Lady 
Queen Elizabeth. 

(Signed) Robert Cooke alias 

Clarenciulx Roy Darmes 

To the original document was attached, according to Mr. 
Beckwith, the circular official seal and arms of Cbrenceux 
impaling Or^ a ch^ron componee Azure and Gules^ between 
three ctnquefoils of the second: and around the seal the 
marginal legend, in old English charadters is: sigillum roberti 


This seal is tricked in pencil by Mr. Beckwith, and is very 
curious, as the arms given above as those of Cooke belong to 
the illustrious family of Sir Anthony Cooke of Giddy Hall^ in 
Romford, Essex, Knieht, one of the tutors of King Eaward VI., 
and Robert Cooke, Clarenceux, was certainly not of that race. 
Moreover, Robert Cooke had a grant of arms which is dated 
the 4th of March, 1577, and from its blazon: — GuUsy semie 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 169 

§f Jleurs-Ji-Us Argent^ a ctnquefoil Ermine^ it would look as if 
Robert Cooke was a Leicester or Cole-Orton man, and owed 
his success in life to the family of Beaumont of Cole-Orton in 

105, PaU Mally London. Everard Green, F.S.A. 

133. The Monasteries, Friaries, and Hospitals of 
Lincoln. — As a general rule in Cathedral Cities few monastic 
institutions are found, and those few are poor and unimportant. 
The reasons for this are &irly obvious, in many of these cities 
the Cathedral was a Monastery itself, as at Peterborough, £ly, 
and Durham \ in others such as our own City, Salisbury, and 
Lichfield, the Cathedral absorbed most of the interest and 
the wealth, which would ekewhere have gone to the Monks, 
Nuns, or Friars. In Mr. Gibbons' Early Lincoln ff^llsy is 
afforded clear evidence of this in the number and amount of 
bequests "to the Mother Church of Lincobi,*' "to the Fabric 
of Lincoln Minister,*^ and the like. So that the subjed of 
this paper is not very important, since the various institutions 
did not attra£l much notice in their day, and there is left to us 
not much more of their history on parchment or paper than 
has come down to us in the scanty fragments of their buildings. 
Still, poor as the subject may seem, it has been thought well 
to colled in the pages of Lines. N. CfT ^., all that has been 
discovered about it, in the hope that by so doing interesting 
detaik may be brought home to many readers of what was in 
its time a most useful portion of the life of our city. 

The earliest of these establishments is only known I believe 
by the following extra£l from Leland the well-known author 
of the Itinerary i "where the Deane of Lyncolne's House is 
in the Minstar Close of Lyncolne and thereabout was a 
Monastery of Nunes afore the time that Remigius began the 
new Mynstar of Lyncolne, and of this Howse yet remayne 
certayne tokens of it.*'* 

Next in chronological order come two Hospitals which are 
both reputed to have been founded by Remigius ; r.^., that of 
The Holy Innocents, and that of St. Giles. Both these, 
St. Catherine's and others, as will appear hereafter, are indeed 
without the city walls, so that they might technically be 
considered to be outside the subject, but as whatever history 
they possess is bound up with the city they shall be included 

* Ldand, Itimrary^ woU Vlllf p. 4. 


170 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries ^ 

The Hospital of St. Giles belonged to the Augustinian 
Order, as did all the other Lincobi Hospitals, save that of the 
Holy Sepulchre. They were originally built for the relief and 
rest of travellers, and especially for pilgrims, and so naturally 
they were situated on the roadside. Besides the poor and 
impotent, there were generally two or three religious brothers 
in these Hospitals, one to be Master or Prior, and one or two 
to be Chaplain or Confessor; these observed the rule of the 
Orders of St. Austin, and probably subjeded the other inmates 
to some religious as well as local statutes. The remains of the 
Hospital of St. Giles are but small, consisting of a farmhouse 
on the Wragby Road, just east of the field whence, according 
to tradition, so much of our Lincoln oolite was quarried for 
the Cathedral. Running east from the south wall of the 
house is also a wall pierced for two windows and a doorway, 
with a fireplace on the west, and a four-centred doorway ; a view 
of the east end of this, showing a high gable with a traceried 
window, is in the possession of the Dean and Chapter.* The 
records of this Hospital are singularly meagre; almost the only 
fa£l of interest indeed is that about the year, 1280, Oliver 
Sutton, the then Dean (afterwards Bishop) of Lincoln, annexed 
the mastership to the Vicars who performed divine offices in 
the Cathedral. Previous to this a connexion had certainly 
existed, ssys Mr. Maddison,t between the Vicars and the 
House of ot. Giles, for in the grant of it from the Dean and 
Chapter, mention is made of "negligence" on the part of the 
Vicars towards it ; and in some of the deeds they are coupled 
with " the master and brethren of St. Giles," and are described 
as sojourning there. The conditions on which it was transferred 
to them, were, that they should keep chaplains in it to sing 
masses for the souls of Walter de Welles and William de 
Newport, who had been great benefactors to the House ; and a 
clause was inserted to the efFe^ that weak and infirm Vicars 
might live there. Also there is a tradition;]: that the Comte de 
Perche, the commander of the Dauphin's Army, in the battle 
of "Lincoln Fair" (so called from the spoil taken by the 
vidors from the excommunicated city) was slain near the 
Cathedral, and that he was buried in this Hospital of St. Giles. 
Other accounts,^ however, state that he and his forces were 

* With the permission of the Dean and Chapter, we give a facsimile of the 
view. [Eds., Littcu N.& ^ 

\ Rev. A. R. Maddison, 'the Vicars Choral of Lincoln Cathedral^ p. 12. 

t ^ the capitally told story of Rumymcde and Lincoln Fmr^ by J. G. Edgar. 

§ Brookes, TraSs and Mucellames of Lincoln^ 1864.. 




i •**-^ 

5 N^ 

- 5 J 


I * « 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 171 

driven down hill, where he was killed, and that his burial place 
was the Hospital of the Holy Innocents, which will be 
mentioned diredlv. The Hospital, like many others in 
England, was dedicated to St. Giles, who having been lame 
himself, was reverenced as the especial patron of cripples, and 
who in the 7th century founded the Abbey of St. Giles, near 
Nismes. Many vears aeo a stone effiey believed to be the 
principal image of St. Giles (which would stand in the Chapel) 
was found in the Hospital precinds, and was taken to the 
Cathedral Cloisters for preservation ; it is now in the Chapel 
of St. John the Baptist. The saint is vested in the alb with 
its girdle, the stole crossed in front of the breast, and its 
extremities hanging down on each side; about the neck 
appears the amice with a rich apparel or parure, and at the back 
is worn a cope.* A few extrads from Mr. Gibbons' Early 
Lincoln Wills may be of some interest here, and complete this 
notice of the Hospital. 

^ 1394* John de Ramsey bequeaths to the poor of the House 
of St. Giles, without Lincoln, \\]s. iiijrf.,'* p. 67. 

"1392. William Wayte to the same, just double the 
amount,*" p. 86. 

^ '433* Joh'^ Cotes bequest to the Hospital of St. Giles, 
without Lincoln," p. 158. 

fThe Hospital of The Holy Innocents, also supposed to 
have owed its foundation to Remigius, stood on what are still 
called the Malandry (Maladerie — a Leper House in Norman- 
French) Fields, at the north-western corner of the South 
Common. It was, as has already been conveved, one of those 
charitably endowed Hospitals for Lepers, which mark by their 
names tne number of places in England cursed with that 
dreadful disease (supposed to be the cause of the sores of 
Lazarus, hence the common name of a lazar-house) which has 
left our shores, let us hope for ever, banished by better food and 
cleaner habits than those of the English in the nth century. 
Remigius endowed it with a revenue of 13 marks, but nothing 
is known about the constitution of the house or the number of 
Lepers. In the reign of Henry the ist, it was chartered and 
endowed by that king for the reception and maintenance of 
ten Leprous brethren, a warden, and two chaplains to say mass 
for the souls of the king, and of his family, and a clerk to 

* Bloxaxn't Compaoon to Gctkic Arc^uSbtrt^ Ecclwameal Vittwwmt, p. 63. 
\ For most of thit I im indebted to a moft excellent paper by the Ute W. D. 
CooluoD, M.D., in the Lmcobt Tcfografkuml Sodet/t Vcbme^ for 1843. 


172 Lincolnshire Notes & S^ueries. 

serve in the Church of the Hospital; the lepers were to be 
of the outcasts {ex ejeSfis) of the City of Lincoln, and the 
presentation was vested in the Mayor and other good men of 
the City. He gave in perpetual alms, ^13 from the Manor of 
Nettleham, and 20J. rent of Tenements in Lincoln. Henrv 
the 2nd confirmed to the lepers of Lincoln his grandfather s 
gift, and added some land near Horncastle of his own gift and 
mentions to confirm the gifts of several former benefactors. In 
the reign also of Edward the 3rd, there is an account of the 
items of revenue of the Hospital. In 1294, Bishop Oliver 
Sutton addresses a Requisition to the brethren to present a 
priest to serve in the Church of the Hospital. Also in the 
same year, he addresses a brief to the Arch-deacons of Lincoln 
and Stow, to allow alms to be coUeded on three Sunda)rs or 
Festivals everyyear for the Hospital, which is stated to be in 
great want. The same takes place in 1298. In 1303, an 
Indulgence of 30 days is granted to all Benefadors of this 
Hospital, and to those who shall succour the poor and infirm 
there residing. 

It was annexed to the great Leper-house at Burton Lazars 
in 1456. At the Dissolution, Henry the 8th granted both to 
John Dudley Lord Lisle. In the seventh year of Edward 
the 6th, this Hospital is granted to Sir William Cecil. Ten 
shillings was ordered to be paid from the Malendrye, in the 
1st year of Queen Mary, to the Incumbent of St. Botolphs. 
On November 7th, 1707, three conveyances were made of 
parts of the Malandry Fields, the eastern for the augmentation 
of the Vicarage of Normanby, the Western for that of 
Canwick, and the other for the Keftory of Snarfbrd. Of the 
Hospital itself nothing is left; more than 130 years ago, a fire 
consumed the farm house which stood on the old site. There 
were two more Hospitals, of which one St. Mary's, was dedicated 
either to the Virgin Mary or St. Mary Magdalene. It was 
governed by a Prior as we learn from a quotation in Tanner^ of 
a gift of land in Stapleford, from the Re£lor of Norton to the 
Prior of St. Mary's Hospital. Its situation is unknown. 

Lincoln. G. Mansel Sympson. 

{To be continued.) 

134. The Will of Hugh of Wells, Bishop of Lincoln, 
A.D. 1212. — The following copy of the Will of Hugh of Wells, 
Bishop of Lincoln, made in the time of his exile in a.d. 1212, 
is taken from the Historical Manuscripts Commission Report 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 


on the Manuscripts of ff^iUs Cathedral^ by the late Rev. J, A. 
Bennett, published in 1885, pp. 186-7. 

Hugh of Wells was Bishop of Lincoln from 1209 ^^ ^^34- 
His predecessor was William of Blois, who succeeded Hugh of 
Avalon (St. Hugh) after a three years' vacancy of the See in 
1203. ^^ ^^ ^^^ eldest son and heir of Edward of Welk — 
the family name appears to have been Trotman, — whose estate 
lay at Lanchester, 2 miles S.W. of Wells. He was the elder 
brother of Jocelin, Bishop of Bath and Wells, 1 206-1 242. 
Hugh was Archdeacon of Wells under Bishop Savaric, his 
brother Jocelin's predecessor, and according to IVendmjer became 
Chancellor of the Realm. On the publication of the Interdict in 
1208 he and his brother Jocelin were among the Bishops who, 
fearing the wrath of the King, fled the realm, and remained in 
exile until the Bishops were admitted to peace by John in 1213. 
He had been appointed to the See of Lincoln by John under 
the belief he would support him in his controversy with the 
Pope about the primacy of Stephen Langton. John ordered 
that he should be consecrated by the Archbishop of Rouen, 
Langton being inhibited. But he refused to be a party to an 
uncanonical aS, and went straight to Melun, where, to the great 
indignation of the King, he received consecration at the hands 
of Langton. 


Testamentum domini Hugonii Lin- 
coln, £pi. 

In nomine Sancte et individue Trini- 
tatit, Ego Hugo divina miseratione 
Lincoln. £p«. eoclesie qualiBCumque 
minister, condidi testamentum meum de 
bonis meis que michi restituenda sunt in 
Anglia, in hunc modum. Imprimis 
volo ut reddantur debita subscripta, 
scilicet ccLxi. marce et dim., si non 
fuerint solute, de quodam debito quod 
seit dominus Bath domino [" pape '* 
obliterated] quod ei debetur de Episco- 
patu Lincoln, de tempore meo de 
denariis beati Petri \ domino regi Anglie 
DC. marce, et viii. marce, et viii. solidi 
et unus denarius de diversis particulis 
quas scit dominus Bath, preter ea si qua 
debentur de Ludingeland ; lego autem 
pro anima mea o. marcas ad fabricam 
ecclesie Lincoln., et o. marcas ad emendas 
terras, redditus et possessiones ad augmen- 
tandam communam ejusdem ecclesie j 
vicariis Lincoln, ecclesie Ix. marcas, et 
ccc. marcas ad distribuendum per domot 


The WiU of the lord Hugh, Bishop 
of Lincoln. 

In the name of the holv and undivided 
Trinity, I, Hugh, by divine compassion 
Bishop of Lincoln, servant of the church 
such as I am, have made my will in 
respect of my goods which are to be 
restored to me in England, in this 

First, I will that the debts under- 
written may be paid, to wit, 261 marks 
and a half, if they shall not have been 
paid, for a certain debt to the lord [the 
Pope] which the lord of Bath [his 
brother Jocelin Bishop of Bath and Wells] 
knows of, which is due to him in respect 
of the bishopric of Lincoln, for my time, 
for the Blessed Peter's pence \ to the lord 
the king of England 600 marks, and 8 
marks, and 8 shillings and I penny for 
divers small matters which the lord of 
Bath knows of, except those, if any are 
due, for Ludingeland. And I bequeath, 
for mv soul, 500 marks to the fabric of 
the church of Lmcoln, and 500 marks 


174 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

religioMt episcopttut Lincoln. ; et cen- 
tnm marcat ad distribuendum per domot 
leprosorum ejutdem epiacopatut : et 
centum marcas per domos hotpitalet 
epifcopatut ejusdem ; et ccc. marcat 
distribuendas ecdesiis quas habemus ad 
libros et ornamenta emenda, Domui de 
Stanleg xxx. marcas, Domui de Quarrel 
XX. marcas, Domui de Polestlon xxx. 
marcas, Domui de ffernleg decem 
marcat, Domui de Plinton cent, 
marcat j pro anima relicte Galfridi de' 
Maud XX. marc. ; Thome de Maud xx. 
marc, Willelmo de Maud xl. marcat, 
Ricardo de Argenton iii. marcat, cuidam 
militi de Notingehamsire tenenti de 
archiepiscopatu Ebor., cujus filiam 
Oatyes habere voluit ad opus filii sui xl. 
marcas, Ricardo cujut fuerat Hill quam 

Robertut 4e Maud xxx. 

marcas, Willelmo capellano de Niweton 
quondam persone de Trent x. marcat, 
ad hospitale construendum pro anima 
Jordan! de Turry, vel ad alias elemot jnat 
pro anima sua faciendat per executoret 
tettamenti tui et per consilium execu- 
torum hujus tettamenti ccc. marcas, 
relicte Simonit de Bugeden xx. marcat. 
Chrispine relicte Hugonis fabri et filie 
sue iii. marcas ; Matilede Blunde de 
Wells iii. marcat ; Matilede filie Chrit- 
pine Sudoure iii. marcat ; Domui lepro- 
torum de Selewud iii. marcas $ Domui 
monialium de Berwe x. marcat ; Domui 
de Berlia iii. marcat ; ad fabricam 
eccletie de Bocland xx. marcat ; Domui 
de Canniton v. marcat j ad conttruen- 
dum hospitale apud Wellt d. marcat ; 
hospital! Bathon. vii. marcat et dimid. ; 
Domui leprosorum extra Bath iii. 
marcat { leprotit extra Ivelceitre iii. 
marcat j monialibut de Stodleg in 
Oxenefordsire vii. marcas et dim. j 
Matilde de Berewich que fuit cum C. 
Wac vii. marcas et dim., ad se maritan- 
dam i Relicte Ricardi Foliot de Stole 
vii. marcas et dim j pro anima Eve filie 
Algari de Wells vii. marcas et dim. j 

to buy lands, Knti» and poneniont to 
augment the commons of the same 
church ; to the vicars of the church of 
Lincoln 60 marks, and 300 marks to 
be distributed throughout the religious 
houMt of the Bithopric of Lincoln} 
and 100 markt to be dittributed 
throughout the houses of lepers of the 
same bishopric $ and 100 marks 
throughout the hospital houses of the 
tame bithopric j and 300 markt to be 
dittributed to the churches which we 
have, to buy books and ornaments j to 
the houM of Stanleg,* 30 marks ; to the 
house of Quarrel,-)* 20 marks j to the 
house of Polestlon,} 30 msrks $ to the 
house of Fernleg,4 10 marks $ to the 
house of PlintonJI 100 marks j for the 
soul of the relict of Geoffrey de Maud, 
fto marks ; to Thomas de Maud, flo 
markt ; to William de Maud, 40 markt j 
to Richard de Argenton, 3 markt ; to 
a certain knight of Nottinghamthire 
holding of the bithopric of York, whote 
daughter Gatyet withed to marry, to the 
use of his ton, 40 markt ; [to Richard 
whote [daughter] wat Hill [aria] whom 
Robert de Maud ... 30 markt] ; 
to William the chaplain of Niweton,^ 
formerly parton of Trent, 10 markt { 
for an hotpital to be built for the toul 
of Jordan de Turry, or for other alms 
to be made for hit toul by the executort 
of hit will and by the advice of the 
executort of thit will, 300 marks j to 
the relict of Simon de Bugden, ao 
marks ; to Crispina the relict of Hugh 
Smith (Faber) and her daughter, 3 
marks $ to Matilda Blunde of Wells, 3 
markt ; to Matilda the daughter of 
Crispina Sudoure, 3 markt : to the 
houte of the lepert of Selewud,** 3 markt; 
to the house of the nuns of Berwe,ff 10 
marktj to the houte of Berliz,|| 3 markt: 
to the fabric of the houte of Bocland ,^9 
20 markt j to the houte of CannitonJ||| 5 
markt ; for an hospital to be built at 
Wellt, 500 markt^^ ; to the hotpital of 

• Stanley, (Cittercian) Wiltt. 

f Quarter, (Cittercian) Itle of Wight 

i Pulton, (Gilbertinc) Wiltt. 

^ Monkton Farlejr (Cluniac), Wiltt. 

II Plympton (Auttin Canont), Devon. 

^ Newton. 

** Selwood, Somert. 

ft Barrow Gumey, Somers, 


tt Barlinch (Auttin Canont), Somers. 

|i§ Buckland (Cistercian), Devon. 

' Cannington (Benedictine Nunnery), 

f f The Hotpital of St. John the 
Baptitt, for way&rert, ultimately founded 
by him and his brother Jooelin, Feb. 19, 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


Magistro Johanni de Ebor. niti i me 
beneficiatus fuerit centum marcat $ 
ffiliabui WiUelmi de Stratton ccc. mar- 
cas ad eas maritandaa ; puelle de S^ 
Edwardo centum et l. marcas ad se 
maritandam ; puero de Evercris xl. 
marcaSi ad eum ezhibendum ; pauper- 
ibut de consanguinitate raea centum 
marcas ; Johanni de Mertoc Ix^ marcas ; 
Hereberto de Camera l. marcas ; Rogero 
Mariscall xxx. marcas ; Ricardo Maris- 
call xl. marcas ^ Walensi Coco xxx. 
marcas j Ricardo de Camera x. marcas ; 
Matheo de coquina iii. marcas ; Galf. 
filio Petri vii. marcas et dim. j et sing* 
ulis aliis garcionibus meis mecum eunti- 
bus V. marcas j Galfrido Gmend ii. mar- 
cas j Alano le Nottere ii. marcas ; 
Wiilelmo homini Rogeri Capellani v. 
marcas ; Wiilelmo scriptori meo x. 
marcas ; Volo autem quod restituantur 
hominibns meis tarn militibus quam 
aliis facta mihi restitutione que me et 
eos contingit omnia que ab eis capta 
sunt injnstc in hoc interdicto. Item 
lego Canonicis de Moreton xx. marcas ; 
Canonicis de S^ Barbara xx. marcas; 
pro anima filii Stephani persone de 
Dokemeresf. vii. marcas et dim. ; hujus 
autem testamenti mei executores con- 
stituo dominum Bathon., et Magistrum 
Hel. de Derham ad recipienda omnia et 
distribue^da ut predixi, et dominum 
Cantuar., et confratres, et coexules meos 
rogo quatinus pro Deo et honore Eccle- 
sie Dei, et pro salute animarum suarum 
et mee cum requisiti fuerint consilium 
et auxilium efficax apponant ut hoc tet- 
tamentum meum compleatur. Quod 
autem ultra hec omnia predicta reman - 
serit tam de his que michi restituenda 
sunt quam de aliis bonis meis et his que 
michi debentur volo quod per predictos 
executores mei testementi distribuatur 
pro anima mea tam pauperibus per Epis- 
copatum Lincoln, quam alibi, sicut 
magis viderint expedire. Qui etiam 
nichilominus de libris, pannis, et vestibus 
meis disponant sicut commodius nov- 
erint faciendum. Si vero interim de 
domino Bathon. humanitus contigerit, 
quod Dominus avertat, volo quod Magis- 
ter Hel. et Magister Reginaldus de 

Bath, 7 marks and a half; to the house 
of the lepers outside Bath, 3 marks ; to 
the lepers outside Ivelcestre,* 3 marks ; 
to the nuns of Stodlegfin Oxfordshire, 7 
marks and a half; to Matilda de Bere- 
wich who was with C.Wac, 7 marks and 
a half for her marriage ; to the relict of 
Richard Foliot of Stole, 7 marks and a 
half ; for the soul of Eva, daughter of 
Algar de Wells, 7 marks and a half; to 
Master John of York, unless he shall 
be benenced by me, 1 00 marks ; to the 
daughters of William de Stratton, 300 
marks for their marriages ; to the maid 
of St. Edward, 150 marks for her mar- 
riage ; to the boy of Evercriz,^ 40 marks 
to support him ; to the poor of my 
kindred, 100 marks ; to John de Mer- 
toc,§ 60 marks; to Herbert of the 
chamber, 50 marks ; to Roger Marshal, 
30 marks; toRichard Marshal, 4.0 
marks ; to Waleis the cook, 30 marks ; 
to Richard of the chamber, lo marks ; 
to Mathew of the kitchen, 3 marks ; to 
Geoffrey Fitz Peter, 7 marks and a 
half; and to each one of my other 
grooms going with me, 5 marks ; to 
Geoflfirey Gmend, 2 marks ; to Alan le 
Nottere,{| 1 marks ; to William the man 
of Roger the chaplain, 5 marks ; to 
William my scribe, lo marks. And I 
will that all things may be restored to 
my men, as well knights as others, 
which were unjustly taken from thtm 
in this interdict, restoration being made 
to me which touches me and them. 

Also I bequeath to the canons of 
Moreton 20 marks ; to the canons of 
St. Barbara, 20 marks ; for the sonl of 
Fitz Stephen the parson of Dokem- 
eresf [ield J ,^ 7 marits and a half. And 
I appoint as executors of this my will 
the lord of Bath and Master Helias de 
Derham to receive and distribute all 
things as I have before said. And I 
request the lord of Canterbury, and my 
brethren and follow-exiles, that they, for 
the sake of God and the honour of the 
church of God, and for the safety of their 
souls and of my own, when they shall be 
requested, may add advice and effectual 
aid that this my will may be fulfilled. 
And forasmuch as there shall remain 

* Ilchester, Somers. 

f Stoddy (Benedictine], Oxon. 

I Evercreech| Somen. 

§ Martock, Somers. 

II The Notary. 

^ Dogmcrtfield, Hants. 


176 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Ceitre omnia exequantur cam contilio 
domini Cantuar., et domini Elyentis, 
£t si de Magittro Hel. ita contingat 
humanituB, volo quod dominut Bathon. 
omnium sit executor habito inde consilio 
domini Cantuar. cum viderit expedire. 
Ad hec lego ad fabricam Ecclesie Wei- 
len. ccc. marcas, et ad communam 
ecclesie ipsius augmentandam, tam ad 
opus ▼icariorum quam canonicorum ccc. 
marcas, et xi» marcas distribuendas 
vicariis ecclesie memorate. 

Actum apud S^ Martinum de Gar- 
enn', in die S^ Bricii, pontificatus mei 
anno tertio, presentibus domino J. 
Bathon. Episcopo ; Magistro Hel. ae 
Derham j Magistro Johanne de Ebor., 
Magistro Regni de Cestre, Magistro 
WiUelmo, Rogero, et Hel., capellanis, 
Petro de Cic. et Willelmo de Ham. 

beyond all these things aforesaid, as well 
of those things which are to be restored 
to me as of my other goods, and those 
things which are due to me, I will that 
there be distributed by the aforesaid 
executors of my will, for my soul, as 
well to the poor throughout the bisho|>- 
ric of Lincoln as elsewhere as shall 
seem the more expedient to them \ who 
also, nevertheless, shall dispose of my 
books, clothes and vestments, as they 
shall consider the more conyenient to 
be done. But if in the meantime the 
lord of Bath shall die, which God avert, 
I will that Master Helias and Master 
Reginald, of Chester, do execute all 
things with the advice of the lord of 
Canterbury and the lord of Ely. And 
if Master Helias shall die I will that 
the lord of Bath may be executor of all 
things, the advice of the lord of Canter- 
bury being taken when he shall consider 
it to be expedient. 

Besides these things, I bequeath to 
the fabric of the church of Wells 300 
marks, and to augment the commons of 
the same church, as well to the use of 
the vicars as of the canons, 300 marks, 
and 40 marks to be distributed to the 
vicars of the afore-mentioned church. 

Done at St. Martin de Garenne, on 
the day of St. Bricius, in the third year 
of my pontificate,* the lord Bishop of 
Bath, Master Helias de Derham, Master 
John of York, Master Regnus of 
Chester, Master William, Roger and 
Helias, Chaplains, Peter of Chichester 
and William of Ham, being present. 

Eds. Lines. N. (!f ^ 

135, St. Etheldreda at West Halton, c, a.d. 671. — 
Some years ago I ventured to suggest that West Halton must 
be the place to which St. Etheldreda first came after her landing 
at Winteringham, and I cannot imagine how anyone with the 
Liber Eliensis in his hand could think otherwise. The late 
venerable Bishop of Lincoln had, however, named Heapham, 
near Gainsborough. I now see that Bentham, in his History of 
Ely (i770> P- S3> 'lames West Halton as the place. Thomas 
of Ely calls it Alftham, and describes it as a yiculus on ground 
almost an island, and surrounded by marshes, about 10 stadia 
(a little over a mile) from Winteringham, and says that 

"* 13 November, A.D. izix. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 177 

Etheldreda (to whom the present church is dedicated) built a 
church there. She would not, of course, dedicate the church 
to herself, but the original dedication, as in some other cases, 
Ripon for instance, may gradually have made way for the 
name of the founder; or the church built by Etheldreda may 
have been destroyed by the Danes, and another, formally 
dedicated to her, built in its place. It would seem from 
De la Pryme that there was once a fine and spacious church at 
West Halton, and fragments of Norman moulding, etc., have 
been found in the churchyard. My notion is that Etheldreda 
and her companions made their way below the hill to evade 
their pursuers, who might be expeded to keep on the Roman 
road above. Thus she would get to Stow, where the miracle 
of her growing staff was supposed to have occurred, and at last 
to Ely, where she founded the monastery. 

Bishop Hatfield's HalL, Durham. J. T. Fowler. 

136. North Porch of Holbeach Church. — I wish 
to challenge the statement made in the January number of 
Lines. N, is^ S. hy the Reviewer of the excellent " Notes 
on Holbeach Ciiurch," by N. Peet — z work that should 
certainly be owned by all who take an interest in the South 
Lincolnshire Churches. The Reviewer states, in reference to 
the turrets of the north porch, " He does not allude to the 
common but untenable notion of these turrets having been 
brought from some adjacent manor-house and re-ereded here.** 

I wish to record in the pages of Lines. N. is^ ^ that I am 
guilty of holding ^the untenable notion that the two turrets 
were brought from some adjacent manor-house;" and further. 
I wish to state that I believe they did duty at " the castle 
of the powerful family of " Multon," which was in " their 
park at Multon." The site of " the castle," now called " Hall 
Hill,'' is about i^ miles S. from Moulton Church and about 
4 from that of Holbeach. 

This castle was occupied by the Multon family from the 
middle of the twelfth century until the death of the last male, 
Sir John de Multon, when the estates were divided between 
three daughters. The house or castle, after having been 
owned and occupied by the Welbys (through marriage with 
the Multon family), was allowed to go to decay in the 
fifteenth century. The Public Records show the large estates 
the Multon family owned, and the important part they played 

Vol. 2. M as 

178 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

as statesmen and soldiers in the ailairs of the nation. The 
Spalding register and Cole's MSS. give us great insight into 
the troubles the Spalding monks had with their powerful 
head tenants at " Multon Park." The " castle of Multon " 
was fortified, and only about a year since a worked stone (part 
of an embattlement) was dug up from the mound of Hall Hill, 
in an excellent state of preservation, this I carefully examined. 
I would like to call the Reviewer's attention to (in my opinion) 
the following fafls: — that the advowson of Holbeach church 
formerly belonged to the Multon family , that a member of the 
Multon family had obtained the market for Holbeach ; that the 
Welbys, who became possessed of the " Castle at Multon," 
allowed it to go to decay at the period the N. porch was 
erefted at Holbeach church; that the Welbys took great 
interest in Holbeach church; that members of their family 
were buried in the same ; that Moulton and Spalding were the 
only fortified castles in the district ; that similar work to the 
turrets has recently been found at the site of Moulton Castle ; 
that the turrets are certainly not ecclesiastical (though they add 
greatly to the beautiful appearance of this splendid church). 

I will not give my reasons for thinking the turrets came 
from Moulton, but simply ask: what is more natural than that 
the Welbys, who were great supporters of church work in the 
district should, considering how difficult stone was to be obtained 
from far ofFquarries, contribute towards the eredion of the splendid 
church and porch the turrets and stone from their ruined 
castle at Moulton ? I will conclude by putting before the 
readers of Lines, N. fsT ^ and the Reviewer the opinions 
of two great authorities on South Lincolnshire architedture, 
and, I feel the Reviewer will agree with me, their opinions 
should carry great weight. 

The late Mr. £. Sharpe (when he was making his drawings 
for his valuable work. The Lincolnshire Excursion of the 
Archaological Society^ informed me he believed the turrets had 
done duty elsewhere in some domestic building, and when I 
told him I believed they came from Moulton Castle, he thought 
it probable they might have come from that building. 

The late Canon Moore, F.S.A., of Spalding, in 1872, 
wrote me: — 

^^ Holbeach. I believe the Littleburys assisted in building 
the church, and as there are indications of elaborate decorations 
on the east end of the aisles, my impression is that the altar- 
tomb (which I paid for being properly orientated) was 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 179 

originally at the eastern end of the north aisle, and perhaps the 
Welbp had a similar chapel at the east end of the south aisle. 
I think the mutilated window in the south aisle is the conse- 
quence of some ambitious family wishing; to have a recessed 
tomb in the wall similar to the arch opposite to it in the north 
aisle, and doing it cheap, with unskilful workmen, let down 
the whole window, which they were unable to restore." 

In speaking of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, at 
Holbeach (which stood where the Chequers Hotel now stands), 
and the turrets of the north porch, Canon Moore wrote: — 

" The military ardour of the Knights might suggest the 
fortress features, but the ecclesiastics of the mediaeval period 
would not yield to such ideas. No ! Those towers have 
been in work before, and merely set on the north porch at a 
late period." 

Canon Moore, in describing Holbeach Church in Fen and 
Marshland Churches^ writes : — "The North Porch is no part of 
the original building and contrasts very strangely . with the 
church. It is considerably later in date and has so much the 
appearance of a baronial gatehouse that I am inclined to think 
it was never designed for an ecclesiastical porch, and very 
probably, like the turret stairs on the south side of Spalding 
church, has been removed from its original site and put up in 

its present position The porch is flanked at the 

N.E. and N.W. angles by massive circular towers, one being 
a stone stair turret leading to the parvise and roof, and the 

other a groined cell or porter's lodge, the upper 

part of one of the towers having been inartistically rebuilt looks 
crippled and bad. On examining the steps, some of which 
have 14 inches rise, I think it pretty clear this porch has been 
in work elsewhere." 

Canon Moore and I had discussed the probability of the 
turrets being part of Moulton Castle, and I have little doubt if 
he had lived a few years longer he would have "bared" the 
ruins of Moulton Castle, the site of which he purchased of 
Lord Saye and Sele just prior to his death, which probably 
would have settled the origin of the turrets. 

Lindum House^ Aldershot. W. E. Foster, F.S.A. 

137. Altar to St. Hugh of Lincoln. — The following 
passage from Mr. Benjamin Webb's Continental Ecclesiology^ '848, 
ought to be reproduced in your pages. The facts contained in 


1 8o Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

it will be new to some of your readers. The author is discours- 
ing of the Certosa near Pavia, a convent founded by Gian 
Galeazzo in 1396. 

^'The chapels have small oratories in them, and piscina 
with shelves. Their altars are rich in marbles and reliefs. 
One is dedicated to St. Hugh of Lincoln, and contains three 
beautiful reliefs of his history, in one of which he is being 
buried together with a chalice, and the Host, and an open 
book.'* P. 224. 

Edward Peacock. 

138. Local Words used on the Holderness Coast. 
— The following words, I find, are in common use by fisher- 
men and others at Spurn and along the coast, perhaps some 
reader of Lines. N, is^ ^ will supply the derivation ? 
tenders. Having reference to drift ice in extended masses 

brought up by the tide and stranded along the beach. 
Vant. The ponds or sloppy places left by unusually high tides 

on the foreshore, or between the sea embankments. 
Qraup. The lower stone margin to the beach. This is 
perhaps the place where the sea gropes or grips hold of 
the land. 
Gyle^holes, These are shallows, backwaters, left by the 
tide. Conger eels, cod, skate, and occasionally a seal, 
are caught in them when the tide has receded. There 
is always, more or less, a bank of sand or shingle 
between the gyle holes and sea which holds up the 

Qreat Cotes, Ulceby. John Cordeaux. 

139* Inquisitions, p.m., Co. Linc, temp. Henry VIL — 

Chancery Inq., post mortem, 10 Henry VIL, No. 76. 

John Copuldyke. 
Inquisition taken at Parteney, on the last day of October, 
2 Henry VII. [a.d, 1495]. The jurors say that John 
Copuldyk, in the said writ named, did not hold any lands or 
tenements of the King in chief, istc, on the day on which he 
died. But they say that the aforesaid John Copuldyk, some 
time before his death, was seized in the fee of the manors 
of Harryngton, Forthyngton, Fryskeney, and Tytton, in the 
parish of Wybertonj and of the manors of Freston and 
Frampton, i^c, and of 27 acres of land lying in Tytton, in 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 1 8 1 

the parish of Wyberton aforesaid; and of one messuage, 
68 acres of land, and a selion of land in Frampton ; and of 
44 acres of land in Kvrketon, in the county aforesaid; 
and of 40 acres of land m Algerkyrke, 20 acres of land in 
Toft, two messuages, with divers fisheries, in Conyngesby, 
24 acres of land in Orby, called Forthyngton dale; and of a 
messuage and 6 acres of land in Drexthorp. And so being 
thereof seized, he enfeoffed Sir Thomas Burgh, knight, 
Edward Burgh, son of the same Thomas, John Skypwith, son 
of Sir William Skypwith, knight, Thomas Tothoth, esquire, 
William Heton, William Bond, vicar of Burgh, John Cokerell, 
TtStoT of the church of Aswardby, and Thomas Blakamore, of 
. . ston. To have and to hold, &c., forever to perform and 
fulfil the last will of the same John Copuldyke. Which said 
John Copuldyke made his last will; which is not as yet 
performed nor fulfilled. 

The manor of Harryngton is held of John Ratclif, lord of 
Fitzwater, &c. 

The manor of Ferthyngton is held of the King in socage by 
fealty and an annual rent of ijd, for all services, &c. 

The manor of Fryskenay is held of the heir of the Earl of 
Lincoln, but by what services the Jurors are ignorant. 

The manor of Tytton is held of the President of the college 
of St. Mary Magdalen, in Oxford, but by what services the 
jurors are ignorant. 

The manor of Freston is held of the lord John de Roos, 
but by what services they are ignorant. 

The manor of Frampton is held of the aforesaid President, 
but by what services they are ignorant. 

The said 40 acres of land in Algerkyrke are held of John, 
son and heir of Thomas Meres, esquire, deceased. 

The said John died 15 March, in the 6th year of the now 
King [a.d. 1 490-1], and William Copuldyke, aged 23 years, 
is his son and next heir. 

{7o bi continued.) W. Boyd. 

140. Dedication of a Church at Louth. — "Cur 
tent' ibm die lune px' post fin sci Mathie Apli tc*. Oia plita et 
querel in hac cur' t in cur' p'cedent' pendenc' ponunt, in re" 
vsq px' cur' causa hui^ ven'abii festi sci Winefredi mert'is in 
cui^ honore ecclia de louth dedicat' est tc'," — Extracted from 
Court Roll of the Manor of Louth, 25 th Henry VL 


1 82 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

The Rev. J. T. Fowler, of Durham, writes: — "Can it 
possibly be Winfrith, the sixth bishop of the Mercian diocese, 
who was thus closely connected with Lindsey ? Bede calls 
him Vyn-, or Vin-fridus, and the writer of the Court Roll 
might mix up his name with that of St. Winifred. It docs 
not appear that Winfrith was reckoned as a Saint, or had 
churches dedicated to him \ but he may, like St. Higbald, or 
Hibald, have had a local reputation as such, now lon^ forgotten. 
There are two or three dedications to St. Hibald still surviving. 
Winfrith was deposed by Theodore for not favouring his 
designs, and ended his days Mn holy conversation' at the 
monastery of Ad Baruae in Lindsey, probably Barrow-on-the- 
H umber. The men of Lindsey may have thought he was 
hardly used by Theodore, and he may have acquired some 
local reputation as a * saint.' Or, sci Winefredi may be a 
clerical error for see Winefrede, who may have had a now 
forgotten feast at Louth in February." 

Louth parish church is dedicated to St. James, and a former 
church was dedicated to St. Mary — hence the Rev. Richard 
Stanton, of the Oratory, South Kensington, suggests that 
St. Winefred might possibly be "contitular with either of 
these saints, or perhaps patron of a chapel within either of the 
churches." Can he be Boniface under his Teutonic name of 
Winfrid ? 

Louth. R. W. GOULDING. 

141. Tom Otter's Gibbet, — Up to forty jrears ago, this 
gibbet, with its irons hanging from it in the grim figure of a 
man, was standing on the edge of Saxilby Moor by the side of 
the lane leading from Doddington to Drinsey Nook. Tom 
Otter, as he is commonly called, though his real name appears 
to have been Thomas Temporel or Temple, was a banker or 
navvy, who was employed on the Old Swanpool, near Lincoln, 
and who was hung at Lincoln in 1806 for the shocking murder 
of a young woman, Mary Kirkham, of North Hykeham, to 
whom he had been married the same morning in Soutn Hykeham 
Church. It was a forced marriage at the instance of the parish 
authorities, under the Ad 6 George IL c. 31, in order that the 
child, to which the woman was expecting to give birth, and of 
which she had sworn he was the iather, might not become 
chargeable to the parish. The entry of the marriage still 
remains in the Register of South Hykeham, the parties, who 
both sign by mark, being described a$ Thomas Temple, of 

St. Mary 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 183 

St. Mary Wygford, and Mary Kirkham, of this parish. The 
marriage took place on Sundav, 3rd November, 1805, in the 
presence of the parish constables, by whom the man had been 
apprehended the day before. After the wedding the pair 
made their way to Lincohi, and on the same afternoon they 
were seen by many witnesses walking along the turnpike road 
which runs through Saxilby. Next morning, however, the body 
of the unfortunate woman was found in a dyke by the side of the 
lane which turns ofFftom the high road towards Doddington and 
Harby. A hedgestake lying near the body was the apparent 
instrument of her death. An inquest was held at Saxilby on 
Tuesday, November 5th, and the next day Tom Otter was 
committed to Lincoln Castle on the charge of murder; and 
having been tried and found Ruilty at the ensuing Assizes, he was 
executed at Lincoln, 14th March, 1806, confessing his guilt. 
He was in the 28th year of his age, a native of Treswell, in 
Notts., and it was found that he had already a wife and child 
living at Southwell. It was the custom that criminab 
condemned to be gibbetted should be measured for their irons 
before execution, but Tom Otter was so violent that the 
blacksmith was unable to perform this duty. His body, however, 
was brought from Lincoln and hung in irons on a gibbet 30 feet 
high, eredted about 100 yards from the place where the body of 
the murdered woman was found. It is a lonely spot on the 
gorse-covered bank of the broad dyke which here separates the 
counties of Lincoln and Notts., and indeed the only plea that 
could be urged in the prisoner's defence at his trial was a demur 
on the ground that the murder was committed in the county 
of Nottingham. Dr. Wake, in his History of C^llingham and 
its Neighbourhood^ says, "The day sele£led tor the hanging in 
chains inaugurated a week of the most unseemly merry-making. 
Booths were pitched near the gibbet, and great numbers of 
people came from a distance to see the wretch suspended. It 
is reported that some years later, when the jawbones had 
become sufficiently bare to leave a cavity between them, a bird 
(a Willow-biter or Blue Titmouse) built its nest in this unique 
situation. The discovery of nine young ones therein gave rise 
to the following triplet, still quoted in the neighbourhood : — 

There were nine tongues within one head. 
The tenth went out to seek for bread. 
To feed the living within the dead." 

The Gibbet which was much weakened bv chipping off 
pieces of its wood for tobacco stoppers and such-hke mementoes, 


184 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

was blown down in the spring of 1 850, having stood for forty-four 
years. But the name of Tom Otter's Lane still clings to the 
lane by which it stood, and the adjoining wood in the parish 
of Thorney bears the name of the Gibbet wood. Some of the 
irons are preserved at Saxilby by the family of the late Mr. Suttaby 
who was Parish Constable at the time of their fall; and 
the head piece is in the possession of G. £. Jarvis, Esq., of 
Doddington Hall. The remains of the Gibbet post after lying 
for some years at Saxilby, were taken to Lincoln by the late 
Dr. Harvey to make a chair of. The following entry of the 
murdered woman's burial is in the Parish Redster at Saxilby, 
the words within brackets having been added by another hand : 
"Burial, 1805, Nov. 5. Mary Kirkham, alias Temporel, 
aged 24, found murdered on the Moor; the Jury returned a 
verdict of wilful murder against her husband Thomas Temporel 
[or Otter] : the said Thomas Temporel [or Otter] was hanged 
[at Lincoln and afterwards] and gibbetted near the place he 
killed her, Thos, Rees, Vicar." RFC 

1 42. FoLK-LoRE. — ^Mr. Heanley's interesting account of the 
horse-shoe and hammer cure {Lines, N. i^ ^., Vol. n.,p. 134) 
reminds me of the following remedy for delirium tremens^ which 
is obviously a fragmentary version of his charm. 

Mrs , a native of the Isle of Axholme, remarked not 

long ago to a neighbour, with whom she was discussing the 
failings of her employer: '^Bud |he might drink just as hard as 
he duz noo, an' aail nowt, if he naail'd three hoss-shoes to his 
bed-head, then he'd niver be trubled wi' talkin'-ower an' seein' 

^'"S^-" M. G. W. P. 

143. Lincolnshire Ballad. — ^The fragment of a ballad 
given below was to be heard in North Lincolnshire some fifty 
years ago. Can any of the other verses be recovered by the 
readers of the Lines.^i 

** Little Billv looked over his left shoulder : 
I see what I do not wish to see, 
I see the high-sheriff with seven score fellows 
A-coming to take both you and me I " 

Uncouth as these lines sound, they contain a reference to an 
incident well-known in the minstrelsy of Northern Europe, and 


Lincolnshire Notes & S^ueries. 185 

are almost certainly a portion of some popular rhyme, which 
kept in remembrance the steadfast affection and hapless ending 
of two lovers in the olden days. The tragedy to which they 
relate may be of great antiquity, although the words are modern. 
Several of the stories which form the "backbone" of the 
traditional love-ballads still current in Great Britain, Germany, 
and Scandinavia seem to date from pre-christian times, and to 
have descended orally from generation to generation of singers, 
altering their outward shape according to the exigencies otthe 
moment, but preserving their essential identity to the present 
day. It is perhaps unlikely that any of these roughly-built folk- 
songs exist among us now in anything approaching a perfect 
form, but possibly a few disconnected verses may be still linger- 
ing in the memories of the oldest of our "old standards"; and 
there is just a hope that the story of Little Billy's life, love, and 
death hes hidden away in the brain of some venerable 
patriarch who recollects hearing Peggy at the Wold farm, or 
her cousin Sam, the blacksmith's 'prentice, catch up the words 
and tune from their grandmother years ago^ before cheap 
literature had superseded our home-spun rhymes of 

"... old unhmppy, frr-off thing! 
And btttlet long ago." 

B. L. R« C* 

144. Conger. — Dr. Murray, Editor of the New English 
Dictionary^ wishes to know if "conger" or "cunger " is still used 
in Lincolnshire in the sense of "cucumber," as stated by Brogden 
in his List of Lincolnshire Provincial Woris^ 1 866. To save 
time answers, stating the localities in which it is used, should 
be sent direct, addressed " Dr. Murray, Oxford." 

Eds., Lines. AT. li J^. 

145. FosDYKE Bridge. — Can anv reader tell me when a 
bridge was first thrown across the Welland at Fosdy ke ? 

I may remark that "Bridge" in "Fosdvke Brid^ and 
Hubbert's Bridge" are always pronounced "Brigg" by the 
country folk — presumably akm to the Low German "Brigg" 
still current in Mecklenberg. {Cf. Sweedish Brigga^bridge.) 

Edinburgh. J. T. B. 

146. The Family or Meres. — Can any of your corres- 
pondents inform me of a more full and complete pedigree of 
"Meres" than that which appears in the "Visitation of 
Lincolnshire" published in the Qimalogisti 

^ridgtporty Ct^ U.S.A. Edmund Deacon. 


1 86 Lincolnshire Notes S? ^eries. 

147. Family of Smyth (Vol. IL, p. 25). — Barnabas 
Smith was Redor of North Witham, and married the mother 
of Sir Isaac Newton in 1645. Barnabas Smyth was Reftor of 
Panton, 1681--1727. Having the same uncommon christian 
name, and the same patron (Sir E. Turnor), was the latter 
nephew of the former, notwithstanding the difference in the 
spelling of the name. The Redor of Panton married his 
second wife, Frances, about the year 1700. Can anyone 
kindly supply the surname of this lady, as well as that of the 
first, Anne, who died in 1694 ? 

East Kirkby Ftcaragiy Spilsby. G. Maughan. 


148. Falling Out (Vol. II., p. 84). — Perhaps the custom 
of ^^rantanning" as practised in the parishes of Donington and 
Bicker, and the locality, may be helpful to Mr. Wood. As the 
news spreads, "So-and-so threshed his wife yisterday morninV 
it is accompanied by the comment, "We must *ran-tan' him 
to-night." In the evening, say, seven to eight o'clock, a crowd of 
young men and boys — bricklayer's and other handicrafts-men's 
apprentices, young farm labourers, idlers, and nondescripts — 
proceed to the dwelling of the delinquent, armed with old trays, 
buckets, pots, etc., of tin, iron and other metals — anything in 
fad that will give forth a loud and harsh sound. These they 
beat in front of the house, jeering, hooting and shouting, and 
making a most hideous din. This is kept up for an hour to 
two hours, till in &d they have made themselves hoarse and 
tired. Then they go away home. It occasionally happens 
that, if the offender is hot-tempered or of a resolute charader, 
he attempts to wage war against his tormentors by throwing 
dirty water upon them, should they incautiously approach too 
near the house. Instances have been known of the man 
thus held up to ridicule discharging a gun over the heads of 
the crowd. But this ad, or any attempted a£t of retaliation 
on his part, is apt to provoke a shower of stones, &c., from 
the crowd upon his windows. If the man has an enemy, the 
latter sometimes makes it his business to entertain the crowd 
with beer, to make the "fun " the fester and merrier. In such 
cases, and in those in which the offender is particularly 
obnoxious, the " rantanning " is kept up for two or three 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 1 87 

nights. This custom is probably due less to the moral 
indignation of the self-const it utea champions of the beaten 
wife than to the love of excitement and mischief, and the 
delight in mere noise and a£lion which characterise young 
folk, especially boys. This custom was pradised twenty years 
ago when I was a schoolboy at Donington, and it still survives. 
Rantanning was resorted to in Gosberton in the autumn of 
1890 in the case of a person who habitually ill-treated a 
member of the household. 

Edinburgh. J. T. B. 

149. Lincolnshire M.P.*s (Vol. II., p. 1 16). — Sir Thomas 
Mires, Perhaps the following letter from Ann de la Fountaine 
to her lover, Thomas Meres, may be interesting as a proof 
that even under Oliver Cromwell the services of the Church of 
England were not absolutely proscribed. The letter, with a 
few others, came to my great aunt. Miss Theodosia Maddison 
(b. 1760, d. 1845) from her Other's mother, Katharine daughter 
of George Whichcote, of Harpswell, by Frances Katharine 
daughter of Sir Thomas Meres. 
" These for 

My Hon*, friend 

Thomas Meres, Esq" 
S' I thinke my Father's desire of having another 
Publication made in the Parish Church of S* Dunstan's 
is requisite in order to our marriage, as allsoe our 
intention tomorrow to receive the holy Sacrament. 
If you please to come hither in the morning about 
eight o'clock I will be ready to goe with you upon 
that serious employment, that am 

your friend 

An : Fontaine 
Jan. 2, 1657-8.'' 
On the death of Sir John Meres, without issue and intestate, 
in 1736, the landed estates passed to his nephew, Thomas 
Whichcot, eldest son of the above George Whichcot and 
Frances Katharine Meres, while the personal estate was 
divided among the Whichcot, Maddison, and Pettus families. 
In 1773 an Adt of Parliament was passed for the sale of part 
of Thomas Whichcote's estates, " late the estate of Sir John 
Meeres K***.," viz., " The Manors of Lordships of Hiptofthall 
in the Parish of Alderchurch " (Algarkirk), &c., and all the 
manors, messuages, lands, &c., in ^* Kirton, Kirton-le-Meres, 


1 88 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries ^ 

Boston, Skirbeck, Sibsey, Fosdyke, Frampton, Sutterton, and 
Algarkirk." These were to be sold to clear off a debt of 
;^i 0,000 on the Harpswell estate. 

Thomas Whichcot, who represented Lincolnshire in Parlia- 
ment, 1 741-1768, died in 1776, aged 76, leaving by his 
second wife a daughter, Jane, who married her very distant 
kinsman. Sir Christopher Whichcote, Bart., of Aswarby. 

A. R. Maddison. 

150. The Family of Eland (Vol. II., p. 117). — Sir 
William Eland, or de Eland, was Constable of Nottingham 
Castle in 1330, and in 1333 M.P. for the Coimty (see Bailey's 
jfnnalsj vol. i, p. 223). Algarthorpe, in the parish of Basfbrd, 
through several generations, . was the principal seat of the 
Eland family, who possessed the honour of Peverel. 

The name occurs in connexion with the building of 
Magdalen College School at Wainfleet, c. 1484 (see Oldfield's 

At Baumber Church, in the north aisle, is a slab in memory 
of John Ealand, ob. 1463, and Alice and Elizabeth his wives 
(see Saunder's History of Lincoln^ 1 834). 

The family has resided at Benington, Aisthorpe, Potter- 
hanworth, and East Kirkby, during the last 40 years. 


151, Eau (Vol. II., p. 149). — Some answer may be given 
to the question as to the derivation of the word Eau by 
comparison with other names in Lincolnshire. The name 
Belleau (a small village between Louth and Alford) is one 
instance of the. use of the word. Here, at least, the word is 
obviously French, as is proved by the word Belle, The mean- 
ing and origin of the name is easily explained, being derived 
from some beautiful springs of water which rise close to the 
church and flow into a large stream called the Eau. It is not 
likely that the word is a translation of the Danish by Norman 
incomers. There are (with one or two exceptions) no names 
that I know of which can be derived from Danish Ja^ most of 
the Fen forms Eau being due to Huguenots, who drained 
lar?e parts of the district. Also the local pronunciation of 
Belleau (called Bell-ewe) is strong evidence of French origin, 
as the old French form for Eau was spelt and pronounced Ewe, 
or in some similar way. 



Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 189 


jfn Itruentory of the Church Plate of Leicester shireytvith some 
Account of the Donors. By the Rev, Andrew Trollopb. 
Leicester: Clark & Hodgson. 2 vols. 1890. 4to. 

In calling our readers attention to the Rev. Andrew 
Trollope*s recently published work on the Church Plate of 
Leicestershire, we may be thought to be transgressing our rule of 
confining notices of books in N. V ^ to chose relating to our 
own county. We think, however, that we have a sufficient 
apology (it apology is needed) in the fact that the county of 
Leicester owed allegiance to the see of Lincoln from the 
very earliest times till a very recent period, well within the 
memory of many still living, and that by far the larger part 
of the church plate of the county belonged to the Ecclesiastical 
"ornaments" of the undivided diocese. We should abo be 
untrue to our own best instin£b, if we were to allow a work to 
pass unnoticed bearing a surname so justly honoured among us, 
as that of the chief parent and promoter of archaeological and 
architectural studies in our county, which in the thorough- 
ness and accuracy of its letterpress, the beauty of its illustrations, 
and we may add the sumptuousness of its "getting up," evidences 
how fully its author shares in the antiquarian knowledge, the 
power of historical research, and the refined culture of which his 
late father, and his uncle the Bishop of Nottingham, afford such 
brilliant examples. 

We must content ourselves with simply introducing this 
valuable work to our readers' notice, and recommending them 
to make personal acquaintance with it at the earliest opportunity, 
as one calculated to take a leading place in the first rank of 
the works on Church Plate now happily becoming common. 
A distinguishing feature of Mr. TroUope's book is the care 
with which the names of the donors have been hunted up and 
their family history traced out, rendering the work one of 
almost as much value to the genealogist as to the lover of 
church-plate. The first volume contains a detailed account 
of the sacred vessels arranged in deaneries, including that 
belonging to private chapels, and woodcuts of the more 
ancient examples; while the second includes appendixes, 
seven in number, the illustrative plates, and two indexes, one 
of places, and one of personal names, which add much to the 
usefulness of the work. When we mention that its appendixes 
comprise (i) Inventories of Church Goods, temp. Edward VI. ; 

(2) Queen 

190 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

ii) Queen Mary's Commission of Enquiry j (3) Dates of the 
-Leicestershire Terriers in the Bishop of Lmcoln's Registry, in 
which documents church plate is often included; the Inven- 
tories of Church Plate drawn up by (4) Archdeacon Bickham, 
1775-80, and (5) Archdeacon Bonney, 1832, (6) a Chrono- 
logical List of all Silver Church Plate now existing, affording 
a complete summary for the whole County, and (7) a 
Summary of the too often despised, but really most interesting 
old Pewter Plate, to which Mr. TroUope devotes a sedion of 
his most valuable and instructive introduction, it will be seen 
how thoroughly the author has done his work, and ho>ir fixed 
his determination has been to omit nothing which would 
contribute to its completeness. 

The Story of the Domus T>ei of Stamford. By H. P. Wright, 
M.A. Parker & Co., London. 1890. 8vp. 

The great fault of this book, in which Mr. Wright has 
undertaken to tell "the story "of the "Domus Dei " of Stamford, 
more usually known, after its founder, as "Browne's Hospital," 
is its unwieldy size. On our first introdudion to the volume 
we felt some wonder that the annals of this excellent but 
inconspicuous foundation could fill a bulky odlavo volume of 
more than five hundred pages. This wonder, however, ceased 
when we discovered that the author had thought it his duty to 
narrate at full length the miserable tales of peculation and ftaud, 
of malversation of funds and diversion of revenues to the 
personal benefit of the authorities of the Hospital, of the appeals 
to the Visitors, and their awards, of which, in common with 
too many similar charitable foundations, such as St. Cross near 
Winchester, and our own Spital and Mere Hospitals, this 
" Domus Dei," presents so unhappy an example, together with 
all the correspondence, most of it dull enough, the schemes and 
counter-schemes, the statutes and regulations called forth. Not 
content, moreover, with burdening his "story" with these 
dreary and needless details, he has filled more than seventy 
pages with the legal proceedings between the Hospital and the 
Trustees of the Endowed Schools of the town, including the 
arguments of counsel and the decision of Mr. Justice Chitty in 
full. Mr. Wright's desire to tell the whole "story," wnich 
he says "cost him years of hard but very pleasing labour," 
has resulted in the produ£Uon of a very wearisome book, 
which does not recommend the other volumes which we see by 
the title page he has written on the kindred foundations at 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 191 

Portsmouth, Chichester, and Sienna. The wretched squabble 
between Warden and Confrater as to the duty of reading 
prayers in the hospital chapel ; the reduction of the two daily 
services to one, and of the daily celebrations of Holy Com- 
munion to an "administration" three times in the year 5 — ^how 
the Dean of Stamford in 1727, one Henson, appointed himself 
"Confrater" and sold the records of the Hospital to Peck, the 
Antiquary, for four guineas — how another Antiquary, the self- 
willed and imperious Stukeley, then vicar of All Saints and, as 
such, one of the two Governors of the Hospital, by his own 
authority, though with the sanction of his patron. Bishop 
Reynolds of Lincoln, raised his stipend as Auditor, from 
^3 6s. 8d. to £2Sf and how, after he had worried into his 
grave the faithful warden, John Zeaman, who had "firmly 
and successfully resisted the many and determined attempts to 
rob the Hospital of its revenues and its rights," he vainly 
attempted to bribe his fellow-governor, the Dean, into filling 
the wardenship with someone who would serve his ends — his 
conflicts with the new Warden, one Cawdron, about the 
celebration of marriages in the Hospital Chapel, to the 
lessening of his own fees, and as the application of fines for 
renewal of leases, the temper of which may be judged of by a 
postscript to the Warden. "P.S. I don't think it worth 
while to answer your insolence or your threats" — these and 
other matters recorded throw an instructive if not very edifying 
light on the history of the times, for which we are grateful. 
But they are " few and far between." 

The most interesting part of the book, however, is that 
relating to the buildings. The description is clear and good. 
Like most mediaeval hospitals, which generally followed the 
arrangement of the conventual Infirmaries, the main building 
was a &bric of a church-like type, of which the chancel, reach- 
ing the whole height of the structure, formed the chapel, while 
the nave was divided into two stories, of which the lower 
contained the cubicles of the inmates in two parallel rows 
along the walls, each with its own small window. The centre 
formed a corridor, opening directly into the chapel, so that 
the sick and infirm in their tiny cabins might hear and take 
part in the religious services. The upper story, which in some 
hospitals (we may instance one at Sherborne) had a second 
set of cubicles also communicating with the chapel, formed the 
Audit Room, which Mr. Wright justly says "has always been 
greatly admired, and of which the original beauty has been 


192 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

almost undisturbed.** Behind the main building was a cloistered 
court, comprising the brewhouse, bakehouse^ kitchen, and other 
necessary offices. The buildings having been shamefiiUy 
negledted, at a time when abuse of trust was so common that it 
brought no disgrace, had fallen into such complete decay that, 
a few years back, it was found necessary to take them all down, 
with the exception of the main structure containing the chapel 
and audit room, and re-ere6l them with necessary additions, 
preserving the old plan as far as possible. For the original 
straitened and unwholesome cubicles, only 9ft. by 6ft. and lift, 
high, a series of separate dwellings was eredled, somewhat 
recalling the old Carthusian arrangement, with a living room 
below, and a sleeping room above, and a scullery and pantry 
behind. The architeft employed was Mr. James Fowler, of 
Louth, to whom Mr. Wright pays the following not unmerited 
tribute. "To him the highest credit is due for the marked 
ability with which he used a limited area. He saved the 
Borough a valuable relic of a highly interesting period, and did 
justice to the memory of the Founder whose generosity was 
near being violently assailed by the destru£Hon of a charming 
old home of God's poor." 

The chapter on the Deanery of Stamford has a local interest 
which will secure its perusal by many. Mr. Wright might 
have presented the evidence in a more lucid form, but he 
satisfactorily proves that Stamford is not a "peculiar," such as 
Battle and Bocking, and that its Dean has no higher status or 
prerogatives than an ordinary "dean rural," and that the survi- 
val of the name of office when other dean-rurals had fallen into 
abeyance, is due to its connedlion with Browne's Hospital. 
At the commencement of Bishop Kaye's episcopate the Dean 
of Stamford was the only rural-dean existing in the whole 
diocese, "and the office," wrote the Bishop, "seems to have been 
preserved solely because the Dean, in conjundHon with the 
Vicar of All Saints, has the appointment of the Warden, &c., 
of Browne's Hospital of that town." It is well known that both 
Bishop Jackson and Bishop Wordsworth, by whom the last two 
appointments were made, thought difierently. But there is no 
evidence to show that Stamford was ever in the true sense a 
"peculiar," or that its Dean had anything besides the accident 
of his trusteeship to distinguish him from other rural-deans, or 
to warrant his assuming the title of "very Reverend." 

The entire absence of an index, and of any detailed table of 
contents — only the headings of its chapters being given — must 
be noted as an unpardonable deficiency. 




Notes & Queries. 


ELLEBY OF Wellebv (Vol. II, p. i6i, 
continued). — In 128B, Thomas, son of 
Thomas de Wei leby,* sued Amicia, widow 
of Laurence de Filingham, regarding 
lands in Welieby; he appears to be also 
mentioned in the Testa de Nevil, a 
compilation of records and returns of 

certain date; the entry referring to the de Crun fees can, 

however, be safely assigned to the Tatter half of the thirteenth 
century, because those fees are in the jKtssession of Petronilla 
de Vaux, who was the daughter of Maurice de Crun, living 
temp. Richard I., and had previously married William de 
Longchamps, by whom she had had a son, Thomas de 
Welieby t is one of the jurors making the inquisition, and is 
probably the Thomas, son of Thomas, who is part holder, 
with Hugo Salveyn and John Roe, of the kni^t's fee and 
a half which Petronilla possessed in Welieby, By the same 
inquisition, Roger de WcUeby held lands in Ryggesthorps 
a hamlet of Barlcston or Syston. In the same year Andrea, 
IFraunces de Welieby % sued William (Irishened and Hugo 
Williams on account of a tenement in Welieby. In 

• Pjtmt Roll, 17 Eilward I., memb. I4. 

t r,,„ J,, p. 3ZJ. 

{ Patent Rail, I7 Edwird I., memb. Id. 

Vol. 2, — Part 7, n 1303, 

194 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

1303,* Andrew and Alexander, sons of Robert, son of Andrew 
de Welleby, recovered from their brother Adam property 
in Welleby. This Adam, in 1320, recovered lands, &c., 
in Welleby, from William son of William de Welleby. 
In I300,t William de Welbye had brought an adion against 
William of Helmswell, Parson of Newton, and John of 
Maiden, Parson of Askerbye (? Asgarby), because they had 
maliciously conspired to summon him before Nicholas de 
Whitechurch, the Bishop of Lincoln's Archdeacon, for a 
trespass whereof he had been acquitted in the Court of the 
King. In 1303, J William de Welleby witnessed a deed of 
gift of lands by Martin Martel, lord of Canewyke. In 1307,^ 
he was appointed guardian of the lands, &c., of William de 
Braitoft, a minor; the latter had been under the care of 
Thomas de Weston, who, with William de Welby, held of 
the Crown the de Gaunt manor in Heckington. || In the 
same year,^ a writ or message to do justice or right to Parties 
was issued to William de Welleby. In 13 16,** a writ was 
issued to him, at Walsingham, to discharge his lands of scutage, 
they having been held in socage, and not of the Kine in 
capite by knight's service. In the pedigree appear Sir William 
and his son Sir WiHiam, who married the heiress of Sir John 
de Multon ; these extra£b may refer to them, but as William, 
son of William, held land in Welleby, unless the above- 
mentioned lawsuit took from him all his possessions there, 
and as no mention of property there appears in the wills of the 
Multon branch, I am inclined to believe that a William de 
Welleby lived at Welleby and in the Fens at the same time, 
and that these references to wide-lying property and interests, 
related to two distinct branches of the family. It is difficult to 
surmise when the family migrated into the Fens. Adam ft 
Welby, Mayor of Grimsby in 1209, may have belonged to either 
branch. The first certain indication is Richard de Welleby,tJ 
who was empanelled on a jury, in the Wapentake of EUow, 
in 1 275. He may have been a grandson of Sir John, and be the 
Richard mentioned in the pedigree as marrying the daughter of 

* Rot. orig. abbrev., temf, Edward I. 

-j* 2 Co. 562, Coram Rege apud Line Hil., 29 Edward I., Rot. 19. 

X Reference for extra£l lost. 

§ Calendarium Gcnealogicum^ Vol. II., p. 357. 

II Reuoiamn of Heckington Church, Published 1864. 

^ Hiitory of the Escchequer, Madox. Vol. II., p. 122. 

** History of the Exchequer, Madox. Vol. I., p. 673, 

•f-f Lansdowne MSS., 207. 

J J Rot. Hundredorum, Com. Line. Sir 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 195 

Sir John Michell, of Friskney; next afterwards comes the 
record,* in 1326, of Richard de Welby de Multon, after which 
the Multon branch is frequently mentioned. The migration 
into the Fens may have been caused by a marriage, or by the 
h£t that the principal seat of the de Cruns was at Frieston. 
If it was the eldest branch that migrated, descendants were 
left at Welleby, and lived there for more than 100 years. In 
1333 1 Simon de Welleby was assessed at Hs. ; and was probably 
the Sir Simon de Walby,J who between 1345 and 1352 held 
lands valued at loox., and which formed a knight's fee. He 
possibly was son to Sir William, and father to Sir John buried 
in Ropsley Church. 

In Ropsley Church is a small figure in glass, now partially 
destroyed, of^ Sir John de Welby, in the armour of the latter 
part of the fourteenth century § ; perhaps he was living in 
1376.11 The arms which he bears are different from those of 
the other branches of the family, and may have been peculiar 
to the elder line j they are sable, a fess double dancee (dancettee) 
charged with 8 cross-crosslets argent; the Multon line bore 
sable a fess between 3 fleurs-de-lys argent, IT as now; whilst the 
Norfolk line bore sable a fess dancee between 3 scallop sheik 
argent.** In I397tt Richard de Welby de Roppesley — perhaps 
son of Sir John — swore to support the Lords Appellant. A letter 
is extant in the Heralds' College, from Richard Welby of Denton, 
saying, that he has a deed by which Richard de Welby de 
Roppesley conveyed to John Sanderson a messuage and lands in 
Welby, in the time of Henry V., 1413-22; this deed cannot 
now be found. The mention of it is the last record of the 
femily possessions in Welby, until all was bought back by 
bearers of the ancient name. It may have been the last trans- 
action by which the property was alienated, and Richard may 
have been the last of the eldest line; or his descendants may 
have lived in obscurity until as yeomen they are again mentioned 
living at Barkston, early in the sixteenth century. 

13, ^een Annis Gate^ A. C. E. Welby. 


* Dugdale's Monasticon^ Vol. III., p. 2x8. 
t Pipe RoU, 6 Edward III. 

I Harl. MS., 1x92, f. 28. 

§ See Facsimile opposite p. 161 of present volume. 

II Family Notices^ p. ii, from Thoroton's Nottt. 
f Fuller's fVortkies, 

•* Heralds* rmtation, Norfolk. 

ft* Rolls ofParrument, Vol. III., p. 40X. 


196 Lincolnshire Notes & Slueries. 

153. Robert Aske, or the Insurrection in Lincoln- 
shire AND Yorkshire in 1536-1537. — Robert Aske was 
one of those who would never have emerged from obscurity if 
circumstances had not occurred which were the means of 
calling them to the front, and of showing that they were born 
leaders of men. An insurreftion broke out in Lincolnshire in 
1536, which spread like a conflagration among the trees of the 
forest. The principal grievance of the insurgents was the 
suppression of the monasteries. From them, through the 
ages, prayers had ascended for the repose of the souls of buried 
kinsfolk. The indigent, too, wandered through the land, 
swelling the cry of indignation against those who had robbed 
them of the hospitality and the alms which the monasteries 

An insurreSion began on Oftober 3rd, 1536, at Louth, 
in Lincolnshire, and very soon extended to the surrounding 
country. On Oftober 9th, the rebels were reported to be 
60,000 strong. But there was no unity among them, and 
there was no commander over them. They had drifted to 
Lincoln, where they held a council of war in the Chapter- 
room of the Cathedral. After a stormy meeting, it was at 
length decided that they should accept the advantageous terms 
offered to them by the Duke of Suffolk, the King's general, 
who was at that time approaching them, on the condition that 
they would at once return to their allegiance. 

The insurreftion thus seemed to have suddenly collapsed. 
It had lasted only a fortnight. The conflagration was arrested 
in its progress. But the embers were merely smouldering, A 
few days afterwards the flames blazed up with redoubled 
violence. John, Robert, and Christopher Aske were at this 
time the guests of their cousin. Sir Ralph Ellerkan, of 
Ellerkan Hall, in Yorkshire. John and Christopher lived on 
their landed property in Yorkshire, but Robert was a barrister 
in good pra£hce in Westminster. Robert, when he left 
Ellerkan, was on his way to London; but finding, when he 
had crossed the Humber, that the insurredlion had broken out 
in Lincolnshire, he determined to return to Yorkshire. But 
being unable to cross the Humber again, on account of the 
high tide, he continued his journey through Lincolnshire. He 
encountered on his way a party of the insurgents, who com- 
pelled him to take the popular oath and assigned to him the 
command of the district from the Humber to Kirton. He 
was well known in that district, as his brother's property was 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 1 97 

only a few miles distant across the Trent. When he heard of 
Suffolk's advance with the King's answer to the petition of the 
insurgents, he rode to Lincoln, but only arrived in time to 
witness their submission to him, and, as he thought, the 
failure of the insurre£tion. 

But he was mistaken. As he rode down at midnight to the 
Humber, intending to cross over into Yorkshire, he heard the 
alarm bells ringing out from every church tower, and saw 
beacons blazing along the coast. All Yorkshire was in 
insurrection. He had become the obje£l of an unsought 
distinction. His name was a rallying cry to the rebels. An 
address had been circulated bearing his signature, which, he 
declared, had been affixed without his consent. But it seems 
difficult to suppose that this could have been the case, when 
we consider the energy with which, as commander of the 
insurgents, he threw himself into the movement. He showed 
a power of organisation and a fertility of resource which 
enabled him to guide that movement to a successful issue, and 
which served clearly to show the cause of the failure of its 
predecessor. He was present everywhere. York threw open 
its gates to himj Lord Darcy, the feudal sovereign of that 
part of Yorkshire, surrendered Pomfret Castle to him, and 
placed himself under his banner; Hull was occupied by his 
men. The whole population of Yorkshire joined the insurrec- 
tion. Letters from all parts poured in, full of gratitude, 
admiration, and promises of help. All the great families had 
become part of the confederacy. Such a gathering had not 
been seen since the Wars of the Roses deluged the plains of 
England with blood. 

The King, Henry VHL, from the want of monev and men^ 
seemed at first unable to contend successfully with tne insurrec- 
tion. The insurgents placed in the front of their demands 
the restoration of the abbeys, the destruction of Protestantism, 
and the establishment of the Papal supremacy in England. 
The King did not seem able by force of arms to dissolve this 
confederacy, and to prevent the insurgents from accomplishing 
their objeCte. Lord Shrewsbury, his general, was underhanded, 
and asked earnestly for assistance. Henry, more than any of 
the council, comprehended the danger. But he gained his end 
by skilful negotiation with the rebels. He promised them, if 
they would lay down their arms, a free pardon, and a parlia- 
ment at York to consider their grievances. The terms used 
by him were intentionally vague. The rebels were deceived 


198 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

by them. They thought that they should attain all the obje£b 
for which they had risen. Many of them saw the King, and 
were won back to their allegiance. Henry, being anxious to 
see the man who had shaken his throne to its foundation, sent 
a special request for an interview by the hands of a gentleman 
of his bedchamber. Aske, however, and the others soon 
found that the pardon was only a delusion, and that the King 
was only watching for an opportunity of inflifting vengeance 
upon them. The insurgents were, in fa 61, obliged to commit 
themselves to acquiescence in all the measures against which 
they had protested. We need not, therefore, be surprised to 
hear that Aske showed that he might once more rise against 
the King, by interfering to prevent the punishment of traitors 
who had lately risen, and that he and Darcy were in secret 
possession of cannon belonging to Government, which they 
had appropriated in the insurreftion. The information thus 
obtained sealed their doom. Darcy was executed on Tower 
Hill, and Aske at York. The latter, on the scaffold, " begged 
the people to pray for him, and divers times asking the King's 
Highness forgiveness, and all the world, after certain orisons, 
commended his soul to God." 

Thus Aske's brief period of greatness came to an end. We 
believe that he was under the influence of an honest but 
mistaken zeal for his country's welfare. If he had been 
successful, the beacon blaze which he saw on his return to 
Yorkshire would have been an emblem of the flames in which 
multitudes would have perished. But the Reformation would, 
after a brief period of suffering, have recovered its ascendancy, 
and a song of triumph would have been heard in every part of 
an emancipated land. 

Utterby. A. R. Pennington. 

154. Notes on the House of Mowbray. — ^The great 
race of Mowbray must ever have an interest for the men of 
Lincolnshire. They were Lords of the Isle of Axholme and 
had estates elsewhere in our shire. Their intimate connection 
with some of the most stirring events in our history compels 
attention. Their blood in various female lines is widely 

In the reign of Henry I. Nigil D'Albini became possessed of 
the Manor of Epworth and rights, not now easy to define, over 
the whole of the Isle of Axholme. He was twice married. 
His first wife was Maude, the wife of Roger Mowbray, who 


Lincolnshire Notes & S^ueries. 199 

ended his life as a miserable captive in Windsor Castle. His 
marriage with Maude seems to have been irregular, it was 
declared a nullity by the Pope, and she contracted 'herself to 
Nigel D'Albini, but was again divorced on the ground of 
consanguinity, and he took for a second wife Gundrada daughter 
of Gerard de Gournay ; by this second wife he had a son Roger, 
who although he had not a drop of the old Mowbray blood in 
his veins assumed their name and became the founder of the 
race so well known in history.* This Roger had a residence 
at Epworth and a fortified castle at Owston, near the church.f 
Roger was an active man. He distinguished himself in the 

freat victory over the Scots near Northallerton, known in 
istory as the Battle of the Standard.;]: He was a faithful 
servant of King Stephen and was one of the captives taken at 
the disastrous battle of Lincoln. Afterwards we find him 
accompanying the King of the French to fight for the Holy 
Sepulchre, and latterly in rebellion against Henry II. for which 
act, though he received the royal pardon, his Castles of Kirby 
Malzeard in Yorkshire and Owston in the Isle of Axholme 
were dismantled.^ After this he again went to the East where 
he died. 

His son and successor, Nigel, married Amabilia, a daughter 
of the Earl of Clare. His life was short and seems to have been 

Nigel's eldest son William succeeded to the vast estates of the 
family. He was prominent among the barons who compelled 
King John to grant the great charter. || By his wife Agnes, 
daughter of the Earl of Arundel, he had two sons, Nigel who 
though married died issueless, and Roger who married Maude 
daughter of William Beauchamp. He seems to have been fer 
less active than his forefathers, though he served occasionally 
against the Scotch and Welsh. Stonehouse says that he retired 
to the Isle of Axholme where he died.f 

He was succeeded by his eldest son Roger who sat in several 
of the Parliaments of Edward the first. He died in Flanders. 

His body was brought to England and buried in Fountains 
Abbey, where a mutilated effigy bearing a shield charged with 

* Palgrave*! Hist, Normandy and Eng, iv., 421. 

f A olan of such tracei at remained half-a-century ago may be seen in Stonehouse's 
Hist. o/Uie of Axholme ^ 224. 

t Richard of Hexham, De Gestis Regit Stepkam (Surtees Soc), 86 e/ teq, 
\Ckron, Rogeri de Hoveden^ ed. Stubbs iv., 57, 58. 

II Matth. Paris, Chromca Majora, £d. Luard II., 605. Stubbs* Select Charters^ 306. 
^ A»/. of the isle of Axholme^ 13 1. 

a rampant 

200 Ltncoinshire Notes & ^eries. 

a rampant lion is still preserved which tradition says, once 
covered. his ashes.* Of this Roger I am enabled to give the 
inquest post mortem relating to his Lincolnshire estates, taken in 
1 299, soon after his death. The copy from which I have taken 
it is preserved in the evidence house at Berkley Castle. It was 
made in 1595 from the original in the Tower of London, for 
the purpose of being used in a chancery case. The translation 
is slightly abridged by leaving out formal repetitions, but 
contains every fact recorded in the original. 

"Inquisition taken of value of knight's fees and advow- 
sons of churches which were Roger de Mowbray's, defunct 
in the county of Lincoln, taken at Epworth before the 
escheator of the lord the king 1 1 June, 27 Edward I. by 
the oaths of Robert Takel, of Haxeie; Robert de Wyne- 
linghamj Laurence at the church [ad ecclesiam] of 
Eppeworth; Robert the son of Murrield; William 
Outewulf of Ouston; Ralph Brown; Simon the Clerk of 
Haxeie; Robert Pacok of the same*, Henry Mybald of 
Belton, who say that Emeryus de Valencia held the manor 
of Geynesburghe of the said Roger by service of two 
knight's fees and that it is worth 3/ per annum. That 
John de Saunton held lands &c in acalleby by service of 
quarter of a knight's fee and that it is worth 100" per 
annum. That Richard Waclynf held lands &c in the 
same by service of quarter of a knight's fee, worth 1 00* 
per annum. That Oliver de Bussi and Robert Takel held 
in Haxeie and Butrewick lands &c with 15/ by service of 
one Knight's fee. That Thomas Tyll, Willmm Carpentar, 
Richard Atte Ker, Roger Beylon, Walter de Brunham 
Richard de Estfield, Simon Clerk, and the Abbot of Suleby,]; 
held lands in Haxeie worth 50" per annum, by service of 
quarter of a knight's fee. That Roger Cook [Coqus] of 
Westwode held in Haxeie a tenement worth lo" by 
service of a tenth of a knight's fee. That Roger de 
Beltoft and Roger son of Henry de Beltoft held in 

* Walbran's Guide to Ripon, &c.y 1 87 5, 109, 125. 

"I* This person was almost certainly a member of the family of Wacelyn of the 
Hall in the wood in Brumby, where they seemed to have lived from the reign of 
Henry II. to about the year 1 500, when the family ended in an heiress who married 
Thomas, son of Richard Bellingham of Manton. Arms, Arg. on a cross sable, five 
mullets of the first. 

X Suleby was a Premonasterian house in Northamptonshire. It is, however, not 
improbable that the Suleby in the text is an error for Selby. That great house had 
several small properties in the Wapentake of Manley. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 20 1 

Beltoft and Butrewike lands &c worth 20/ by service of 
two parts of a knight's fee. That William le Berner 
senior and William le Berner junior held in Beltoft lands 
&c worth 30" by service of a fifteenth of a knight's fee. 
That John de SothuU and John the Barbur held in Belton 
lands &c worth i o^ by service of a twelfth of a knight's 
fee. And William Cutewlf, William Onling, Philip 
Onling, John Chaunterel and Walter son of Gilbert held 
in Ouston lands &c worth 20" per annum by service of a 
twentieth part of a knight's fee. And John ffyntor 
William Crak, John fFulbiek, Hugh Cundi and Roger de 
Beltoft held in Beltoft lands worth 40' p^r annum by 
service of a twentieth part of a knight's fee. And Robert 
de Holthorp, Richard de Ampcotes, and Henry de 
Redenesse held lands &c in Gerbethorp* worth 15/ 
by service of twelfth part of a knight's fee. That Warm 
de Bassyngburn held lands &c in Bliburgh worth 20^ 
per annum by service of one knight's fee. And William 
de Myddelton, Richard de Yorkeflete and Alexander de 
Insula held in Burton by Lincoln and Kynardeferie 
lands &c worth 10^ per annum by service of half a 
knight's fee. 

"They say that Roger de Mowbray had not the 
advowson of any church in the county of Lincoln on the 
day on which he died, in testimony of which, the above- 
said Jurors have afExed their seals to this inquisition." 

This Roger married Rosa sister to Gilbert, Earl of Clare. 
He was succeeded by his son John, who was a minor at the 
time of his father's death. John married Aliva daughter of 
William de Braos. He was put to death at York for having 
taken a part in the rebellion of Thomas Earl of Lancaster. 
The vast estates of the family were confiscated, but, after a 
short time were restored to his son John, who remained ever 
loyal to the crown. He fell a vi6Hm to the great pestilence, 
at York, in 1361, and was buried in the Church of the Grey 
Friars, at Bedford. His wife was Joan, daughter of Henry 
Earl of Lancaster. 

Their son John served in the war in France and was present 
at the memorable battle of Crescy. Afterwards he went to the 
East and was slain by the Moslem near Constantinople in 1368. 
His wife was Isabel or Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Segrave. 

* Probably Garthorpe, in the I«lc of Axholme. 


2o2 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

He was succeeded by his eldest son John who was born at 
Epworth. On the coronation of Richard II. he was created 
Earl of Nottingham.* He died without issue and was succeeded 
by his brother Thomas who was created Earl of Nottingham 
and Earl Marshall. In 1397 he was created Duke of Norfolk. 
He died of the plague at Venice 1399. His body some years 
after was brought home and buried in the Carthusian monastery 
of Melwood, in the Isle of Axholme, which he had founded.* 
He married for his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John le 
Strange, by whom he had no issue. His second wife was 
Elizabeth, sister of Thomas Fitz Allen, Earl of Arundel. 

Their son Thomas joined in the Northern insurre6Hon 
which lead to the death of Richard Scrope, Archbishop of York, 
who was, though never canonized, long regarded as a Saint. 
This Thomas was beheaded after, as it is said, his life had been 
promised to him. His wife was Constance, daughter of the 
Earl of Huntingdon ; they had no issue. 

The line was continued by his brother John, who was buried 
beside his grandfather at Melwood. He married Katherine, 
daughter of Ralf Nevil, Earl of Westmoreland. 

Their son John married Eleanor, daughter of William, Lord 
Bourchier, afterwards Earl of Essex. He died in 1461. 

He was succeeded by his son John who during his father's 
life had been created Earl of Arundel and Surrey. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury. He 
died leaving one daughter, Anne, with him the male line 
of this great house came to an end. Thomas Taylor, Esq., of 
Epworth, who knows the place well, has kindly written for my 
instru6Hon an account of the present state of^ Low Melwooo, 
where two of the Mowbrays were buried. The farm-house 
contains, it would seem, some remains of old work, but no 
trace of the church is left, excavations might probably reveal 
its foundations, and perhaps the tombs of some of those of 
noble and gentle blood whose ashes repose within its now 
desecrated enclosure. 

Bottesford Manor, Edward Peacock. 

155. The Civil War in Lincolnshire. — The follow- 
ing from the Commons Journals may be worth mention in 
Lines. N.^^ 

"4 Sept 1645. Petition reported from the Town of Boston in 
the County of Lincoln. 

* Man, AngGcy vi., 25. 

« Ordered. 

Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 103 

^Ordered. That the Mayor and Burgesses of the 
Borough of Boston in the County of Lincolne shall have 
the Estates of Sir Gervase Scropc Knight and Mr. John 
Oldfield in that County. And are hereby authorised to 
lett and dispose thereof, for the best advantage, upon 
account, until the Sum of Two Thousand Pounds shall be 
raised out of the said Estates, for the Relief of the said 
Borough, and for the Maintaining, Repairing, and 
Perfecting of the Works and Fortifications at and about 
the said Borough and Town, according to the desires of 
the said Petition." 
It is needless to add that the two gentlemen whose estates 
are thus summarily dealt with were Royalist delinquents. 

Letghy Lancashire, W. D. Pink. 

156. Officers' Pay, temp. Charles I. — "The State is 
creditor to Capt. Oliver Cromwell as foUoweth 

"May 22, 1643. By monys p* uppon accoumpt - 160** 
July 12 for 14 dayes - - 27 - 06 - 00 
Aug. 15 for 7 dayes - - 13-13-00 

j^>^ 29 for 14 dayes - - 27 - 06 - 00 
8*« 16 for 14 dayes - - 27-06-00 
10**" I for 14 dayes - - 27 - 06 - 00 
Feb. 17 for 14 dayes - - 27-06-00 
May 2, 1644, fo*" ^4 dayes - 27-06-00 

177 - 09 - 00 
The Capt. aiErmeth that the 100" payd him upon accoumpt 

22** Mav 1643 he p* it to his Officers and Troopers, and 

detaynecl nothing therof toward his owne paye. 

The State is debito' to Capt. Oliver Cromwell as foUoweth viz 

By monyes due to him for his pay as Captaine 

from 24 Aprill 1643 ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ 
Comission to the 16 of May 1644 being li 
389 dayes at 39" p diem . - . 7^8 - u - 00 

due - 758 - II - 00 
Rec. - 177-09-00 
Rest - 581 - 02 - 00" 
The above is from a paper among the Muniments of Miss 
Boucherett at Willingham. The pay of a Captain in Cromwell's 
days seems to have been very high. It would be interesting to 
know what it was under Charles II. 

A. R. Maddison. 


204 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

157. Inquisitions p.m., Co. Linc, temp. Henry VII. — 

Chancery Inq. postmortem, 10 Henry VII., No. 150. 

John Suthill. 

Inquisition taken at Glamfordbrigge, 8 Jan., 10 Henry VII. 

[A.D. 1494-5]- 

John Suthill was seized of a certain manor in Middilrasyn, 
called "Panell Fee," and of a certain other manor in Middilrasyn, 
called "Nevell Fee." By his charter, the date of which is 
12 Jan. in the 7th year of the said King [a.d. 1491-2], he 
granted, &c., to Sir William Tyrwhit, knight, an annual rent 
of 205. id. issuing from the manors aforesaid. To have, &c., 
during the life of the same William. 

" Panell Fee " is held of the King by the service of the 20th 
part of a knight's fee. "Nevell Fee" is held of the King as of 
his castle of Dover by the service of the 30th part of a knight's 

He was seized of a fourth part of the manor of Barneby on 
Weetham, and of a messuage, 7 oxgangs of land, and yi. of 
rent in Bynebroke. The said fourth part of the manor of 
Barneby on Weetham is held of the Bishop of Lincoln, but 
by what services the jurors are ignorant. 

The jurors say that Brian Robclyff, late third Baron of the 
Exchequer, and J ohn RobclyfF, clerk, were seized of the manor 
of Westrasyn (except 3 messuages, a cottage, 4 tofts, and 
12 oxgangs of land); and, by their charter, the date of which 
is 10 April, 6 Henry VII. [a.d. 1491 J, according to the force, 
form and efFeft of the Letters Patent of the now king, the 
date of which Letters Patent is 7th Feb. in the 6th 
year of his reign [a.d. 1490-1], they granted, &c., to John 
Sotehill, in the writ named, by the name of John Suthill of 
Everyngham, in the county of York, esquire, and to Alice his 
wife, the aforesaid manor of Westrasyn, with its members, &c,, 
(except the 3 messuages, &c.) To have and to hold to the 
said John and Alice, and to the heirs of the same John forever. 
And John died thereof seized. After whose death the aforesaid 
Alice entered, etc., and continued her estate therein until the 
day of the taking of this inquisition. 

The said John, some time before his death, was seized of 
the manor of Westburgh, Stubton and Dodyngton; and, by 
his charter, the date of which is 1 1 Jan. in the 5th year of the 
now king [a.d. 1489-90], he gave, granted, and by that 
charter confirmed that manor to Sir Marmaduke Constable, 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 205 

knight, John Hart, Canon of St. Peter's, York, Richard 
Wasselyn and Robert Kellesturn, chaplains. To have and to 
hold, &c., forever, to the intent that the same Marmaduke, 
&c., after the death of the $aid John Sothill, should enfeoff 
Marmaduke Constable, son and heir of the said Sir Marmaduke 
Constable, knight, and Barbara, daughter of the same John 
Suthill, for the term of the life of the same Marmaduke, the 
son, and Barbara, and [the life] of the longest liver of them, 
of that manor. And they are yet seized of such estate. 

The said manor of Westburgh, Stubton and Dodyngton is 
held of Sir Thomas Burgh, knight; by what services the jurors 
are ignorant. 

The said John died 14 Nov. last past [a.d. 1494], and 
George Suthill is his son and next heir, and he is of the age 
of 30 years, etc. 

{To be continued,) W. Boyd. 

158. The Life, Worth, and Work of Maurice 
Johnson the Antiquary. — Maurice Johnson the Antiquary, 
was the eldest son of Maurice Johnson, barrister-at-law of the 
Inner Temple, by Jane, daughter and co-heiress of Francis 
ohnson of Ayscoughfee Hall in Spalding, Lincolnshire, by 
ane, daughter of John Green of St. Clement's Danes, 
^ndon. He was born at Ayscoughfee on Tuesday, the 19th 
of June 1688, and was baptized in Spalding Church on 
June the 26th, his God-parents being all his kinsfolk, namely: — 
Colonel Adrian Gamlyn, the Royalist; Walter Johnson, his 
grandfather. Captain of the Train Bands commanded by 
Robert Bertie, Earl of Lindsey; and Mrs. Mary Lynne, 
widow, his aunt. 

Maurice Johnson, through his paternal great-grandmother 
Jane, daughter of George Lynne of Southwick Manor, 
Northamptonshire, by Martha, daughter of Clement 
Throckmorton of Haseley, Warwickshire, was entitled to 
eleven Royal Descents from King Edward L which were 
published in a tabular form in 1882. 

Of his early life little can be gleaned. He was, it is believed, 
at no public school, nor did he graduate at either of the 
Universities ; and his only tutor, of which we have any record, 
was the famous scholar, Dr. James Jurin. On 26th May, 
1705, he was admitted a member of the Society of the Inner 
Temple, and was called to the Bar on 26th of June, 17 10, 


2o6 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries^ 

but lived chiefly at Spalding, engaged in Antiquarian pursuits.* 
In 1709-10, Maurice Johnson, "not by the favour of many, 
but by his own wisdom and energy," founded at Spalding, the 
famous literary society, called "The Gentlemen's Society," and 
in 1 71 2, a president was eledted, and a short code of Laws 
issued. Maurice Johnson adled as Secretary with indefatigable 
industry and pleasure for thirty-five years, and at length was 
made President. He designed an ex-libris or book-plate for 
the Society, which was engraved by his great friend George 
Vertue, and is dated Gen. Spalding. Instituta. MDCCx.t 

Francis Scott, second Duke of Buccleuch, was the first patron 
of, and a liberal benefaftor to the Society, and "the &mous 
physician Dr. Green of Spalding " was the assistant-secretary 
and librarian. 

The revival of the Society of Antiquaries of London in 
171 7 was largely due to Maurice Johnson's efforts. This fa£l 
is witnessed by the learned foreigner. Christian Kortholt, in his 
Latin treatise entitled De Societate Antiquaria^ Londiniensi^ 
which was published at Leipsig in 1730 and is addressed to 
Kapp, the Historian, and, in it, scruples not to ascribe its 
revival almost entirely to Maurice Johnson. Kortholt's words 
are as follows : — 

"Quum enim vir maximae existimationis Johnson 
anno cididccxviii Societatis Antiquariae K&z 
manibus tereret ipse, et oculis subjiceret suis, ut 
altius ilia extollere posset caput et majorem cultum 
capessere, resuscitavit prope exstinftam conatu 
honestissimo et felici admodum successu. Ab eodem 
JoHNSONio majora expe&are potest emolumenta didla 
societas, propterea quod adhuc superstes Spaldingi 
in Lincolnshire agit, ubi Maecenas numquam sine 
laude nominandus Societatem Litterarium dudu 
auspicioque suo consecravit, cujus consors est Hans 
Sloane supra nobis jam celebratus Eques." 
Maurice Johnson introduced Dr. William Stukeley, his 
kinsman, to the Society of Antiquaries, of which Stukeley 

* Dr. Stukeley greatly envied this country life of Maurice Johnson's, and in I7Z4, 
when writing to him from London, says, ** great as are the advantages of this capital, 
for opportunities of study, or for the best conversation in the world, yet I should 
think a confinement to it insupportable, and cry out with the Poet Virgil : — 

*Invideo vobis agros, formosaquc prata/' 
I envy you your fields and pastures fair." 
\ Maurice Johnson's original sketch, as well as two proofs from the copper-plate, 
are in the possession of Mr. Augustus WoUaston Franks, C.B. 




Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 207 

became the first secretary, and he himself, in 17 17, was 
appointed honorary librarian. Maurice Johnson's communi- 
cations to the Society of Antiquaries from 1721 to 1755 
were frequent and numerous, and two short papers of his are 
printed in the first volume of Archaologia. 

Samuel Gale, writing to Stukeley in 1727, speaks of Maurice 
Johnson as "Sir Prasutagus." In 1754, Dr. Ducarel addressed 
Maurice Johnson as "our senior member," and Stukeley, in 
1724, dedicated to him the first Iter in his Itinerarium Curiosum^ 
which he styles Iter Domesticum. Dr. Stukeley's fore-words to 
this Iter are as follows: — "The amity that long subsisted 
between our families giving birth to an early acquaintance, a 
certain sameness of disposition, particularly a love to ancient 
learning, advanced our friendship into that confidence which 
induces me to prefix your name to this little summary 
of what has occurred to me worth mentioning in our native 
country, Holland in Lincolnshire; but chiefly intended to 
provoke you to pursue a full history thereof, who have so large 
a fund of valuable papers and colledtions relating thereto, and 
every qualification necessary for the work." 

Maurice Johnson was a Justice of the Peace and Chairman 
of South Holland Quarter Sessions, Deputy Recorder of 
Stamford in 1721, Steward of the Manor of Spalding for the 
Duke of Buccleuch, for those of Kirton-in-Holland and 
Croyland for the Earl of Exeter, and for that of Hitchin in 
Hertfordshire, for his kinsman, James Bogdani, Esq. 

About the year 1721, Maurice Johnson joined with John 
Cecil, seventh Earl of Exeter, Recorder of Stamford, and 
others, in founding at Stamford "The Stamford Society," 
on the rules of that of Spalding. This Society declined, and 
from its ashes Stukeley founded in the year 1745, "The 
Brazen-Nose Society of Stamford." 

In 1730, Maurice Johnson, who was a£ling at the time as 
counsel to the Dean and Chapter of Peterborough, together 
with the Rev. Timothy Neve, a minor Canon, and Mr. Joseph 
Sparke, Registrar of that Cathedral Church, and others, helped 
to found at Peterborough " The Peterborough Gentlemen's 
Society" which dates from 26th August, 1730, and of which 
he was made an honorary member, 2nd September following, 
but this Peterborough society was short lived. [Antiquary^ 
Vol. xxii., pp. 207-9, 248-252.) The Rev. Francis Peck 
writing to Mr. Joseph Ames in 1740, from Godeby, says: — 
"The Antiquarian Societies of Spalding and Peterborough are 


2o8 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

able to serve you much, especially Mr. Morris Johnson of 
Spalding and Mr. Timothy Neve of Burg S. Peters." 

In 1 750, Maurice Johnson sought to inaugurate a Society on 
the same lines at Boston, but it had no success and soon 

According to Stukeley's Diary^ Maurice Johnson now paved 
with stone the remarkable triangular bridge at Croyland, 
which was ereSed between 1360 and 1390, and thus preserved 
it. Maurice Johnson was a botanist, and had a fine collection 
of plants, and through the introduction of his favourite 
son*in-law. Dr. Green, the husband of his eldest daughter, 
Jane Johnson, was very intimate with Boerhaave and Linnaeus, 
the former of whom visited Dr. Green at Spalding, and 
largely added to his hortus siccus. He was also an excellent 
numismatist, had a large cabinet of medals, and has left a 
numismatic history of the Kings of Britain from the time of 
Julius Caesar to the end of the reign of Queen Anne, as well 
as A Dissertation on the Mint at Lincoln^ which was read 
before the Spalding Society in 1740. This, with other of his 
essays, were published in Nichols's Bibiiotheca Topographica 
Britannica in 1790. 

He collefted also enamels, seals, vases, crystals, armour, 
statues, charts, architectural plans and designs, stained-glass, 
and prints, and at his wish, his son- in-law Dr. Green, made 
an inventory of the armour at Brussels, which was printed 
by Nichols. 

In 1 727, at the instance of Samuel Wesley, Re6lor of Epworth, 
in Lincolnshire, Maurice Johnson drew up a dissertation in 
Latin, entitled Jurisprudential with critical notes and drawings 
of the seat from whence Job administered justice.* He left 
immense MS. coUeftions, which he indexed in 1750. They 
related chiefly to the law and history of Spalding, Boston, 
Stamford, Croyland, Peterborough, and Hitchin. The larger 
part of these are still in the possession of the Johnson family at 
Blundeston in SufFolk, at Ayscoughfee, and in the library of 
the Gentlemen's Society at Spalding. A few of his letters are 
in Cole's MSS. in the British Museum, and many of his letters 
have been printed in Bibiiotheca Topographica Britannica^ and in 
Stukeley's Diary (Surtees Society, 3 vols). 

* Samuel Wesley in his preface (page 5) thus acknowledges Maurice Johnson's 
assistance : *^ Neque animi ingrati notam efFugere potuissem nisi libentissime 
agnoscerem beneficia quamplurima et auxilia proposito nostro allata a viro doctissimo 
Maur. Johnson armigero, Fundatore Societatis Generosorum Spaldingiae, eisque per 
annos Viginti jam ab epistolis." 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 209 

Maurice Johnson, in the latter part of his life, was attacked 
by a vertiginous disorder in his head, which frequently 
interrupted his studies, and he ended his life on the 6th of 
February, 1755, in the 67th year of his age, and was buried on 
the iitn of February in the Johnson transept of Spalding 
Church at the side of his wife Elizabeth, daughter and 
eventual co-heiress of William Ambler of Spalding (by Mary, 
daughter of Sir Anthony Oldfield of Spalding, Baronet, by 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Gresham of Titsey-place, 
Surrey, Knight), whom he married at Spalding on the 5th of 
January, 1709-10, and who died in 1754, after giving birth to 
twenty-six children, "of whom sixteen sat down to table" 

There is no monument to Maurice Johnson in Spalding 
Church, but there are several portraits of him at Ayscoughfee, 
Blundeston, and Sleaford, and at least two miniatures, one 
of which has been engraved by Holl. 

Stukeley had a pencil sketch of his head in profile by 
G. Vandergucht, dated 1723. 

Reform Club^ Lmdon. Everard Green, F.S.A. 

{To be continued.) 

159. Catalogue of Lincolnshire Wells. — May I 
suggest the need there is of a Catalogue being made of the 
names of Welk in our shire. A few have been mentioned in 
a recent number of The Jntiquary^ but they are very few. 
There is I believe hardly a parish that has not a named Well. 
What we want is 

I. The names of all Wells atl present known. These 

can be gathered from the lips of the people. 

II. The names of Wells that occur in old documents 

from the earliest date, down to the enclosure awards 
of the last and present centuries. 

The word Well here should be understood to include ponds 
and streamlets. 

K. P. D. E., F.S.A. 

160. Human Remains at Owston. — The late Mr. 
Robert Woodhouse, of Owston, in the Isle of Axholme, told 
me that some forty or fifty years ago when digging a grave in 
Owston Churchyard for the burial of a gentleman (if I 
remember aright) of the name of Sanders, some forty or fifty 

Vol. 2. o human 

2IO Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

human skulls were found without any other bones whatsoever. 
As Owston Church is in the immediate vicinity, if not 
indeed within the precinfh of one of the Mowbray Castles, 
Mr, Woodhouse surmised that these skulls were the relics of 
unfortunates who had been beheaded. The theory is not 
unlikely, but I have been informed by a gentleman who was 
present at the time, that when, about quarter of a century ago, 
certain repairs were done to the Chancel of Bottesford Church, 
near Brigg, a very great number of skulls without other bones 
were found in the interior, close to the eastern wall of the chancel. 
The decapitation theory will not do here, for at Bottesford 
there was no fortress. 

A. Farmer. 

i6i. The Monasteries, Friaries, and Hospitals of 
Lincoln (Vol. 11. , p. 169, continued), — The remaining Hospital 
— that of the Holy Sepulchre — may be more conveniently 
left to be mentioned after the most important of our Lincoln 
foundations have been considered. This was St. Katherine's 
Priory, which was situated on the south of that part of the 
Sincil Dyke, between Great Bargate and the Witham,and on the 
west side of the high road formed by the jun6Hon of those 
from Sleaford and Newark ; its precindb seem to have extended 
southwards to Swine Green (where the first of the Queen 
Eleanor Crosses stood), and westwards to the River Witham, 
which separated it from Boultham. It belonged to the order 
of St. Gilbert of Sempringham, of which and of whom a short 
account may not be out of place. Sir Gilbert was born at 
Sempringham, in Lincolnshire, about the year 1083, his Order 
was confirmed in 11 48, he died in 1189, and was buried in the 
Abbey Church of Sempringham, and he was canonized by 
Pope Innocent III. thirteen years afterwards. The Gilbertines 
were the only Monastic Order which was English in origin, 
and it never spread beyond the bounds of England. There 
were in all 26 houses, some for men only, some for men and 
women, and at the Dissolution by Henry the 8th, their total 
value was /2421 13s. gd., not at all a large amount when 
compared with other foundations. The Gilbertines differed 
also from all other Orders in permitting men and women to 
live under the same roof, with precautions such as are 
described by Walter de Map. "Master Gilbert de Simplingham, 
who yet survives, though blind from age, for he is over 100, 
instituted a new religious order, which first obtained confirmation 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. ill 

by Pope Eugenius, regular canons namely and nuns, with a 
wall interposed so that the latter should not see the males nor 
be seen by them. They have no access to one another, save 
in the necessity of giving extreme un£lion. This is done 
through a window very carefully prepared with many present." 
(The rules prescribe four canons and one lay brother). Also 
in their churches there was a wall running east and west, so 
that while both males and females could see the altar, they 
could not see one another. The typical Gilbertine Monastery 
was a kind of quadruple afiair, consisting of Canons, who 
followed the rule of St. Augustin, and who wore a black 
cassock with a white cloak over it, and a hood lined with 
lamb's skin \ Lay Brothers ; Nuns, who obeyed the Cistercian 
rule of St. Benedi£l; and Lay Sisters. Canons — as will be 
seen presently — alone are mentioned in the Charter of 
St, Katherine's Priory, but in Dodsworth's ColledHon, they are 
sometimes termed Prior et Canonici, sometimes Laici fratres, 
and the extrads from Mr. Gibbons prove that at some later 
period Nuns were certainly a part of the Priory's inhabitants. 

The Priory was dedicated (although by the rules, all 
dedications ought to be only to St. Mary or St. Andrew) to 
St. Katherine, the Alexandrian Princess, whose wheel of 
torture has become a name of delight to every schoolboy, and 
who was reverenced as the special patroness of secular learning 
enlisted in the Church's cause. In this connection it is 
interesting to note that in the Minster Treasury, on June 6th, 
1540, was "a finger of St. Katharine in a long purse," and that 
in 1440, Sir Thomas Cumberworth gave to the Chapel of the 
Holy Trinity, in Somerby, some of "St. Katherin's oyle in a 
glass," on which, and on the exudation of miraculous oil from 
the bodies of other dead saints, Mr. Peacock has commented 
fully in a valuable note.* 

The Priory was founded soon after the confirmation of the 
Order in 1148, by Robert de Chesney (de Cheineto, or 
de Querceto, /.^.,of the oak copse) fourth Bishop of Lincoln, and 
the 2nd of his name (hence often quoted as the 2nd Bishop). 
The Charter of King Henry the 2nd may be here added, 
which confirmed the foundation of the house, and its 
possession of various lands and churches. 

" Henry, King of England and Duke of Normandy and 
Aquitaine, and Count of Anjou, to the Archbishop 

* Peacock's EnglisA Church Furniture, Appendix, p. 183. 


212 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries ^ 


greeting. Know thou that I at the request of 
Robert, second Bishop of Lincoln and of the Chapter 
of Lincoln, have granted and by this present charter 
have confirmed to the Church of Canons of the 
order of Sempringham, which the aforesaid Robert of 
Lincoln, with the consent of his Chapter, has 
founded hard by the City of Lincobi, and to the 
Canons serving God there, the Prebendal Stall of 
Canewich, with all that belongs to it, and five bovates 
of land in Wigglesey, with all its belongings. And 
the Churches of Newerc, and of Norton, and of 
Martune, and of Newetune, with all that belongs 
thereunto, and two dwelling-house in the burgh of 
Newerc, and the houses with the land on the north- 
east of the mother Church of Newerc. And four 
bovates of land in the fields of Newerc, with the 
dwelling-houses. And twenty acres in the heath and 
a dwelling-house which the Church of Newarc itself 
first possessed, with two bovates of land in the fields 
of that burgh.* And the Chapel of the Apostles 
Philip and James, founded in the castle of that town, 
and given anciently to the mother church, with a 
tenth penny of the whole toll of the burgh of 
Newerc, excepting the fairs. And three bovates of 
land in Baldertune with the dwelling-houses. And 
four shillings worth of land which Malger held in 
Newerc. I have granted also to them the Church 
of Bracebrigge, with one bovate of land and the 
dwelling-house, with all that pertaineth thereto in 
Bracebridge. Also to the care and custody of the 

* From Thoroton*! History of NottingkamMre the following particulars are 
added : — 

**Wigge8ley (Vol. I^ p. 377). The share of St Katherine*s was granted 
36 Henry 8, to John Bellowc and £d. Bates and their heirs. 

"Newton (Vol. I., p. 283). Dec. 7. 38 Henry VIII., the lands by the 
Trent belonging to the Priory of St. Katherines by the walls of Lincoln, 
were granted to Robert Brocklesby and Nicholas Girlington and their 

** Coddington (Vol. I., p. 364). The Priory had 8/- per annum from a rent. 
Also the Priory had free warren here and in Wigglesby." 

In the 15th Edward VI., all the Priory possessions here were given to William 
Cavendish and his heirs. 

Also in the loth year of King John, an agreement as to presentation to 
Hawkesworth was made between the Prior of Thurgarton, and Richard, Prior of 
St. Katherine's, Lincoln. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 213 

aforesaid Canons I have granted the Hospital of 
St. Sepulchre at Lincoln and all the possessions of 
brethren of it, and have confirmed it by this Charter.* 
Wherefore I will etc. All these I have granted to 
the aforesaid church for the soul of King Henry 
my grandfather, and for the sould of Maud Empress 
my mother, and for my salvation and that of Eleanor 
mv Queen, and of my heirs ; and for the stablishing 
or my Kingdom. To Roger, Archbishop of 
York ; Hugh, Bp. of Durham ; Hilary, Bp. of 
Chichester ; Reginald, Count of Cornwall; Roger de 
Mulbrai ; Reginald de Curtenai, at Westminster." 

This must be dated between the years 11 54 and 1169, as 
Henry the 2nd became King of England, Roger de 
Bishopsbridge was consecrated to York, and Hugh Pudsey to 
Durham, in the former year, while Hilary of Chichester died 
in the latter one. 

Lincoln. E. Mansel Sympson. 

(To be continued,) 

162. Thomas Lister, M.P. for Lincoln in the 
Long Parliament (Vol. I., p. 196). — ^The following is from 
the Commons Journals. 

Die Joris 13 Sept. 1649. ^^^ humbk petition of 
Thomas Lister Esquire was this day read. 

" Ordered. That the sum of a Thousand Pounds 
be paid unto Thomas Lister Esquire out of the 
Sequestrations of Lincolnshire, by the Order of the 
Committee of Goldsmiths Hall. And that the sum 
of Two Thousand Pounds more be paid unto the 
said Mr. Lister, out of the real and personal estates 
of such Delinquents who have compounded at 
Under-values, or have not at all compounded, as shall 
be by him discovered at Goldsmiths Hall and 
Haberdashers Hall respedively. And that the said 
Committees be authorized and required respectively 

* This was an Hospital dedicated to the Holy Sepulchre j it was of the Order of 
Sempringham also, but distind from the Priory of St. Katherine's, to whose care it 
was committed by Robert de Chesney, who probably founded it also. In 1198, 
there is a record of a convention between the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln, and 
the brethren of this Hospital about a mill in Walton, near Orantham. It was under 
the governance of a Prior. 


214 Lincolnshire Notes & ^lueries. 

to proceed upon, such discoveries; and to make 
Payment out of the ^ame, upon the said Mr. Lister 
accordingly. And the Acquittance or Acquittances 
of the said Mr. Lister or his Assigns, shall be a 
sufficient discharge to the said Committee of 
Goldsmiths Hall, and their Treasurers for the said 
sum of One Thousand Pounds, and likewise to the 
said respective Committees, and their Treasurers 
respedively, for the said Two Thousand Pounds, or 
any part thereof as he shall receive, upon such 
discoveries as aforesaid." 

W. D. Pink. 

163. Marsh Folk-Lore. — The recent death of the chief 
adtor in the scene has reminded me of a curious thing that 
happened in a Marsh parish some twenty years ago. A young 
lad hurt his hand and had to have one or two fingers taken oir. 
His mother forthwith had a small coffin made, and came and 
begged the Vicar to give them a proper funeral, so **as how t' 
Lird moan't hev to cTat abeout, an seek 'em when '£ cums to 
put un togeather again. £'11 be straange and throng a reckun 
yon daa an it doant become such as we to mak' Im brefFet all 
over the plaace." 

There was a tender thoughtfulness in this that would surely 
more than atone for the ignorance. 

RoBT. M. Heanley. 

164. Early Lincolnshire Imprints. — In the Typo- 
graphical QazetteeTy which forms a part of Mr. John Power's 
Handyboo^ about Books^ the earliest date of printing for 
Stamford is given as 1695. I am not prepared to call this 
statement in question, but there seems to have been a book- 
seller five years earlier. 

Mr. Joseph Sully, of Parkhurst, near Dumfries, has drawn 
my attention to the existence of a sermon which was sold 
at Stamford in 1690. I append a copy of the title-page. 

" Pharisaism Display'd,or Hypocrisie Detected in 
a Sermon Preached in St. Mary's Church in Stamford, 
Aug*, the 21 st, 1690, Being the Triennial Visitation 
of the Right Reverend Father in God, Thomas Lord 
Bishop of Lincoln, By George Topham, Prebendary 
of Lincoln. London: Printed for Thos. Fox, at 


Lincolnshire Notes S? Queries. 215 

the Angel in Westminster Hallj and are to be sold 
by Mr. Caldecot, Bookseller in Stamford, Lincoln- 
snire, 1690. 4***. 32 pages.'* 

Edward Peacock. 

165. The Meres Family (Vol. II., p. 185). — The 
pedigree of Meeres, as given in Thos. Beckwith^s MS. Pedigrees 
of Lincolnshire Gentry^ 1876, in the library at Revesby Abbey, 
exhibits several diflerences from that given by Dr. Miarshall m 
The Genealogist, 

Among others, one appears worthy of note and enquiry, 
namely, John Meeres, who married first, daughter of Tempest; 
and second, Jane Blesby ; was according to Dr. Marshall, the son 
of Nicholas Meeres, by daughter of Wilmesby. Beckwith 
makes Nicholas father of Thomas Meeres, who married daughter 
of Mr. Shellie, and whose son was the John Meeres aforesaid, 
who according to Le Neve's Knights^ died 28 Hy. VIII., 1537. 

There seems to be some colour to this, for although De Neve 
is somewhat obscure, he appears to imply that this John was 
the son of Thomas, and further, the Inq. P.M. Co. Line. 
temp. Hy. VII., taken at Parteney, Od. 2nd, 1495, John 
Copuldyk, deceased, shows, said Copuldyk, was seized of 40 acres 
of land in Algarkirke, held of John, son and heir of Thomas 
Meres, Esq., deceased. 

I very much desire light on this matter through your pages, 
from those of your readers who have the information and 

Bridgeport^ Ct.^ U.S.J. Edward Deacon. 

166. Ancient Tombs found at Wigtoft. — During the 
present restoration of the church, a beautiful tomb was found 
in a recess under a window, which a hideous pew had before 
obscured. The stone coffin was above ground, with the bones 
therein, the ledger or effigy gone, being probably found in the 
way of the wretched pew or its miserable owner. Alongside 
of this was a fine sepulchral slab in the floor, covering another 
stone coffin of smaller size, and evidently contained the bones 
of a female or young person. Both were in one of the two 


2 1 6 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

chantries, and within a few feet of the altar. I want to 
ascertain to whom they belonged, especially No i, for the 
legend tells us a good deal about No. 2. 

From the richness of the canopied work and elevation of the 
coffin, it is evident that No. i contained a person of consequence. 
Colonel Holies notes in " Australi Fenestra," which I take to 
be this particular window, it being the eastern one of three on 
the southern side, *' or, 3 bendlets az., a label of four points. 

fu. • . . Priez pur Palme Richard de Casterton Epi 
The Casterton family resided close by the church, and the 
name remains of Casterton House in one built about a century 
ago. And we know that a Sir Kichard Casterton was 
returned by the Sheriff^ in 1324, as one of the Knights residing 
in Holland (Lincolnshire). 

But who was the one described by Col, Holies as **Epi' 
Sarum?" For it does not appear that Sarum ever had a 
Bishop or Suffragan Bishop of that name. Holies' MS. is so 
distin£l in the words, and he was so generally accurate in his 
notes, otherwise I should have imagined he might have mis-read 
the word "serviens" for "Sarum," and that the Richard de 
Casterton had been a tenant or in some way serviens to the 
Bishop of Lincoln, but till the impossibility is proved, I prefer 
to believe in the text, and think that possibly this man may 
have died at his family seat immediately after he became, but 
before he was enthroned^ as Epi' Sarum. Can any reader throw 
light on the matter, or on the Casterton pedigree ? 

The slab covering No 2 stone coffin, I make out this 
inscription upon, although some of the words are much efiaced : 

+ Hie jacet Galfridus (quondam ?} . . . ru . . . us 
Thome de la launde qui obiit six die mens' decembi 
a. dni m cccc xvi cui aie • . . d's 

The three words between "Galfridus" and "Thome de la 
launde " are of course all important in determining who 
Galfridus was. The word "quondam" may or may not be 
corredl, but I can make nothing else of it. The " ru " I am 
by no means certain of, but the " us " is plain. But for the 
"ru" (if correft), I should mentally fill the hiatus with 
"quondam unicus filius." And the small size of the coffin 
shows the occupant to have been either a youth or female, so 
he may well have been filius or unicus filius to Thome de la 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 217 

The close proximity to the coffin No. i, and being in the 
same chantry indicates a probable near relationship between 
the parties, although there are appearances in the masonry as if 
No. I had been anterior to the existing wall {circa 1350), and 
that the latter was skilfully built over the tomb. 

Can any reader inform me who this Galfridus was ? or what 
connedHon the de la Laundes had with Wigtoft? or refer me to 
a pedigree of that family ? 

Frampton Hall. C. T. J. Moore. 

167. The Family of Stiff. — ^This name within the last 
twenty years has occurred at Great Grimsby. I should be glad 
to know if this name has been conne£led with this county at 
any earlier period; if so, particulars of its earliest occurrence 
in Lincolnshire would be welcome. Replies may be sent to 
me diredt. 

124, Chancery Lane^ London. W. P. W. Phillimore. 

168. "As False as Louth Clock." — Can any kind 
correspondent inform me if the above proverb is still current in 
Lincolnshire ? 

There is now no clock on Louth Church, and has not been 
for nearly 50 years, so that the saying may have become 
obsolete through the absence of the cause. The clock which 
used to be thereon is now at Patrington in Holderness, and as 
one &ce is always an hour and five minutes before the other, 
the proverb still lives there, and is repeated to any stranger who 
remarks on the difFerence of time recorded by the two faces. 
By the kindness of the Rev. H. £. Maddock, M.A., the 
popular Re£ior of Patrington, who copied the following entry 
for me,*I am enabled to place it before your readers. 

£xtra£l from Patrington Churchwarden Book: — 

1846. £ s. d. 

March 13. Bought Louth Church Clock for 22 o o 
Packing up and carriage to Grimsby 500 
From Grimsby to Patrington, with 

Dock dues, &c. • 2 12 6 

Taking bell and fetching clock 

from Hull o 15 o 

Fetching clock faces from Hull ... 010 o 
Mr. Cook Laking, Hornsea, has in his possession a coloured 
print, dated 1844, showing ^outh Church during the restoration, 


2 1 8 Lincolnshire Notes Gf S^eries. 

and having a spider's web of scaffolding about its splendid spire. 
There is no clock shown, so I presume it was removed 
shortly previous to the restoration, and sent to Patrington a 
year or two afterwards. 

I, Berkeley Street^ Hull. J. Nicholson. 

169. The Wreck of the "Betsey" on the Lincoln- 
shire Coast in 1767. — On the 3rd of January, 1767 (in the 
7th year of the reign of George III.), the "Betsey" on a 
voyage from Leith to London was totally lost on the Haile 
Sand ofFNorth Cotes. Tradition says that a General Hamilton, 
his wife and child, with servants and the crew were lost. 
Eighteen of the bodies, including that of General Hamilton, 
were recovered and interred at North Cotes. I am indebted 
to the Rev. John Wild, of Tetney, for the following extra£l 
from the Burial Register of North Cotes parish, the entry is 
much obliterated by damp and some words are quite illegible. 
"Jan. 8. 1767. Buried likewise ... the Right 

Honourable ch Noble Family of Hamilton 

in North Britain Brigadiers General of his Most 
Faithful Majesties Armies and Commander of the 

Royal Regiment of B Cavalry, who was a 

passenger in the ship Betsey of Leith bound to 

London, but cast upon the North Cotes Sands the 

Third of January at which time he perished with the 

aforesaid seventeen persons." 

Mr. Wild says that there is a previous entry of the "aforesaid 

seventeen persons " but so faded that he can make nothing of it. 

Subsequently it appears that the body of General Hamilton 

was exhumed and taken to Scotland. 

Some relics of this wreck seem to have been preserved to a 
comparatively recent period. I recoiled many years since a 
medical man, who was then often in the marsh district, telling 
me that he had once seen in a cottage when visiting a patient, 
an ancient counterpane of quilted silk, with coats of arms 
embroidered on it, and with a deep fringe of tarnished gold 
cord; also a similar coverlid for a child's bed. These were 
said to have been got long ago from a wreck, presumably that 
of the Betsey, on the Haile Sand. 

The most remarkable story, however, connefted with the 
ill-fated vessel is that nearly one hundred years afterwards a 
heavy north-east gale shifted some portion of the sand and laid 
bare the blackened timbers of the old Betsey. Men then went 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. ug 

down to dig for treasure, but found nothing except the remains 
of wooden cases containing wine in bottles. Some of this wine 
recovered at the time came into the possession of a gentleman 
who was Mayor of Grimsby between twenty and thirty years 
since. It was originally probably dark-coloured but then very 
pale, and I am told was tasted by several and even pronounced 
drinkable, but this latter must be accepted with caution after 
a storage of nigh one hundred years beneath the yellow shifting 
sands of the Haile Bank. 

Can any reader of Lines. N. ^ J^. give any information 
about General Hamilton ? What regiment did he command ? 
And was there ever a regiment, so styled, of Border Cavalry ? 

Great Cotes^ Ulceby. John Cordeaux. 


1 70. Arms on Base of Cross in Tetford Churchyard 
(Vol. I., p. 183). — Some months ago I asked for information 
about the arms impaled with those of Thimbleby on the base 
of the cross in Tetford Churchyard. I am able, now, to 
furnish information about them. 

The arms are, most probably, those of William Thimbleby, 
who was living in 1423, and married Joan Tailboys, daughter 
of Sir Walter Tailboys, and brother of Sir Walter Tailboys 
(cousin and heir of the half-blood of Gilbert de Umfreville, 
Earl of Augus), who died 21 April, 1444. (Vid: in pedigree 
of the Lords of Redesdale, Hodgson's History of Northumhirtand^ 
Vol. I., pt. 2, p. 6.) 

The ornamentation of the cross is of about that period. It 
would be interesting to know in what way William Thimbleby 
was conne£led with the Parish of Tetford. I cannot find him 
mentioned in' the Thymolby pedigree given in the Harleian 

The differencing in the arms (the omission of the palets) 
points to his being a cadet of the &mily, whose arms are given 
without the difFerence in the N. side of the base of the cross. 

C. H. Sp. p. 

171. Lincolnshire Ballad (Vol. IL, p. 184). — I hope 
some of your contributors may be able to complete this 
interesting ballad. I give a variation of the fragment, as I 
heard it sung in north-west Lincolnshire when I was a child. 



Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

It only extended to the four lines. The air is very quaint, and 
it ends in a remarkable manner. 

®lt> Xincolttdbire £allat>» 

A . A 

ihi'^\i J j| j ^ 




Lit - tie Dick - y looked o - ver his left shoxil - 

A A 


der, And he Baid: '*I can see what yen none of yon 

i*i,{li i\-ni\r f! r i r' i' H 

else . . . can see ; I can see the high"- she - ziff and 

fif • ty hraye fel - lows, A - com- ing to take both yon and me.*' 

1 always regarded Little Dicky as an outlaw of the type of 
Little John ; and not as a forlorn lover, as B.L.R.C. considers 

Brigg. Alfred Atkinson. 

172. FosDYKE Bridge (Vol. IL, p. 185). — ^J. T. B. asks 
when a bridge was first thrown across the Welland at 
Fosdyke. In 1794 an A€t of Parliament was passed for 
Drainage and Navigation purposes which authorized the 
eredHon of a good and substantial bridge, but owing to the 
Commissioners being unable to raise sufficient money under 
the power of the A£t, the clause as to building the bridge was 
abandoned and subsequently repealed bv an A&. which obtained 
the Royal Assent on 14th May, 181 1. This latter A& 
authorized "The Company of Proprietors of the Fosdyke 
Bridge" to raise amongst themselves in shares of ^100 each, 
a sum of ^14,000, and also, if necessary, to raise amongst 
themselves a further sum of ^^5,000, by way of mortgage. 
These sums were subscribed by several persons, amongst whom 
were the Mayor and Burgesses of the Borough of Boston, 
Sir Joseph Banks, the Trustees of Basil Beridge, a minor, 
B. Claypon, Thomas Tunnard, Wm. Gar fit. Esquires, and 
other leading gentry of the distri^ and the advice of Mr., 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 221 

afterwards Sir John Rinnie, obtained, who suggested various 
plans and estimates, and eventually one was adopted which he 
''had little doubt would last for about 40 years with moderate 
repairs." The bridge was begun in 181 2 and finished in 181 5. 
The Company so well kept up the repairs that the strudure 
remained until 1871, and portions of the original bridge still 
remain. The opening of the Great Northern Railway having 
so diverted the traffic ftom which the Company obtained funds, 
and failing to get any compensation for their loss, they were 
unable to rebuild the bridge, and the necessity of preserving 
this line of road communication was made so apparent by 
petitions, the Holland Magistrates adopted it as a county bridge, 
and their Surveyor partially re-built it, the tolls being applied 
to its annual repair. In 1890 the Holland County Council 
discontinued the tolls, and it is now a free bridge and a great 
boon to the inhabitants, the representatives of the proprietors 
of 181 1 having relinquished their shares and mortgages for the 
benefit of the public. 

Frampton Hall. C. T. J. MooRB. 

173. Eau (Vol. II., p. 188). — Your contributor R. says 
(perhaps with truth), "it is not likely that the name Belleau 
is a translation of the Danish by Norman incomers." I think 
this must be a reference to a foot-note in Lincolnshire and the 
DaneSy p. 204, in which 1 have said "Belleau may possibly be 
a Norman-French adaptation of the older name Elgelo, &c." 
I suggest the possibility, but do not urge the probability of such 
a derivation. 

The facts are these — the earliest mention (so far as I know) 
of Belleau is under the names of Elgelo and Helgelo. This 
slid into Hellowe (c.p. Helland formerly Helgaland), and, 
apparently after the Valor Ecclesiasticus of Henry VIII., 
Hellowe became Belleau. All that I suggest is, on the one 
hand the possibility that Belleau is the corruption of Hellowe, 
and on the other hand the possibility that Helgelo is of Danish 

Could your correspondent clear up the actual date at which 
the name Belleau replaced Hellowe ? and any light that he 
could throw upon the reason for the change would be interesting. 

One other point allow me to touch. Your correspondent 
says, " There are (with one or two exceptions) no names that 
I know of which can be derived from the Danish Aa." 
Besides Aby I know of no present local name which 


222 Lincolnshire Notes & S^ueries. 

preserves the Danish Aa, and I should be pleased to know 
of a second. In Leiand's time the river Witham had not 
acquired its present name, but was, it seems, known by no less 
than three, now obsolete — Lindis (the usual one at that date), 
Rhe or Ree, and Aye. The name Rhe^ representing the Celtic 
occupation, survives as a river-name in many parts of England 
(see Taylor's Words and Places^ ed. 5, p. 157). *Jtye may 
equally well represent A.S. Ea or Dan. Aaj but it may be 
noted that traces of Danish occupation are few and far between 
on the banks of the Witham, so that Aye is more likely to be 
Saxon than Danish. 

G. S. Streatfeild. 

jfajfa.^ljfajte..^l.^l.^lj^ jftnftnte..rfijftnte.i#t^ii#tj^ii#ti#t r#i i#i jta f#i f#u>a i#i i#i f#» f#i i#i ife 


Trade Tokens issued in the Seventeenth Century in JEngland^ 
Wales^ and Ireland^ by Corporations^ Aierchants^ Tradesmen^ etc. 
A new and revised edition of William Boyne's work by 
George C. Williamson, F. R. Hist. Soc., &c., &c. Vol. I. 
London: 1889. Pp. xliii — 804. Vol. II. 1891. Pp. 805 
— 1584. 8vo. [Lincolnshire Series^ Vol. I., pp. 431-505.] 

[The Tokens of Lincolnshire.] 

This great work, on one of the most interesting and 
important items of folk-lore and the names of places and 
people, was commenced August 26th, 1883^ and completed 
August 26th, 1890, and is now in the hands of subscribers, in 
the shape of two very handsome well-arranged and well- 
finished volumes, containing together 1428 pages filled with 
the names, occupations, and residences of the trading com- 
munity of Great Britain and Ireland about two and a quarter 
centuries ago; a period of our history which was marked by 
the terrible events of the Great Plague and the Great Fire of 
London — ^the time of the Interregnum, a time of civil war and 
contention for civil and religious liberty, a struggle which has 
never yet been thoroughly appreciated or adequately recorded 
in the annals of the history of our great country — great from 
the btO. that in the midst of these troublous times, the people 
for the most part looked calmly on and attended, as best they 
could to their daily business — and wanting small monies for 
change to accommodate their customers withal, just set quietly 
to work and struck tokens for one and two farthings each, 
which circulated in all counties, towns, and villages in the land. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 223 

This work — a revised and enlar&;ed edition of Boyne's Trade 
Tokens of the Sepenteenth Century^y Mr. George C. Williamson 
contains the description, with many illustrations, of over 
12,700 varieties of tokens issued by traders in Great Britain 
and Ireland to supply the want of necessary change, and is 
really a wonderful work — ^when we consider that so great a 
number of these minute pieces of brass and copper should 
have survived to our day to be handled and recorded in these 
pages, and wonderful for the patient work and untiring research 
which it must have entailed upon the Editor and his coUabora- 

That errors should have crept in is therefore no wonder, 
and we have a sort of helpful and we hope not ungracious task 
to perform in pointing out several mistakes which appear in 
the wording of too many of the Tokens of the Lincolnshire 
series, and to some obvious misprints which only a most 
extraordinary amount of care on the part of trained adepts 
can avoid, and without which as we know — 

" Enterprises of great pith and moment, 
With this regard, their currents turn awry." 

— ^and lack corredlness ! 

In spite of Mr. Williamson's didtum that "the letters J and 
U never appear on the Tokens, their place is filled by I and V," 
in at least two instances the letter U appears for V (No. 9, 
Barrow-upon-H umber, and No. 257, Sutton). In No. 7, 
Aubourne — the date given is 1699 — only in Cheshire and in 
Ireland were Tokens issued after 1672, so this date must be an 
error, but whether it should be 1666 or 1669 is uncertain : 
No. 205 says Ann Parkeson — His halfpenny. A specimen 
in the British Museum reads her halfpenny. No. 256, 
Surfleet, Daniel Drinkwater^ — here is a puzzle, Mr. Simpson 
in his Book of Lincolnshire Tokens gives the name David, 
the Registers furnish the name of Daniel in 1667 and 1669, 
but the note on this Token finishes with these words " Singular 
the name of David is not found in the Register," now if the 
Token is that of Daniel Drinkwater, why is David's name 
required ? What does the Token say ? 

No. 49, Burgh. This piece is figured in Boyne and in 
Simpson with a Cross Pattee on the reverse, which is quite 
correft, but no mention is made of the cross in the description 
of the Token p. 441. This Token is also inserted under 
Burgh, Suffolk, where it is rightly described but wrongly 


No. 80, 

224 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

No. 80, Falkingham. In a fine specimen of the variety of 
the ^uiningborough Token — rich, qvencbrow., &c., no 
difference can be seen between the C in rich, and the fifth 
letter in the surname, but on the reverse the G in the Town 
name is unmistakeable. 

No. 84, Gainsborough. A fair " Barber ** Token reads 
** Halfepeny " in one word, not " Halfe^Peny," as in page 

No. 88, reads on a good specimen nathanell gray.... 
GAYNSBROVGH, and not " Nathaniel " and " Gaynsborough." 

No. 95 and 96, Grantham. Specimens of both these Tokens 
read half-peny and not " Halfe " peny. 

No. 144, Lincoln. A good specimen of the Aistrop variety 
with " Astrup" and date 1658, has only one L in samvel. 

No. 169. A variety of the Tomson farthing reads on the 
reverse, The . vale of . Lincoln. 

No. 235. Another variety of the Stamford Town piece has 
ten chequers. 

No. 262, Tattershall. A fine specimen of this token reads 
WILL. HVNTER. oF, &c., the word "of" is omitted in page 505. 

Thus, out of less than eighty examples of Lincolnshire 
Tokens, Ten exhibit differences in the inscriptions, quite 
enough to form as many distind varieties— of course some may 
be varieties, but it is to be feared that the majority of the 
differences between the book and a£luaj specimens of the 
Tokens are the result of carelessness. 

The copious Indexes, numbered up to xii, but lacking one (of 
values) for good reasons given, and extending to 156 pp., give 
Surnames, Christian Names, Places, Trades, Devices, &c., &c., 
and must alone have been a work of great industry, and it is 
no wonder here, that some slips occur, one or two of which 
may be pointed out. In Spilsby, a new example is given. 
No. 231 — lOHN gavle, &c. — in Index (ix) of Christian 
Names, this is entered John Gaule; in the Index {x) of 
Surnames it is Gaale, John ; is it possible that all these forms 
of the name are wrong, and should the name be Gayle, this 
name with the spelling Gale often occurs in Lincolnshire now, 
and in the X7th century also. William Birridge, Bourne, is 
not in Index ix, and is entered in x, as Berridge. In Index 
X, Joseph Hodkins should be page 451, not 461. Guisinge, 
Greorge, Horncastle, is not in Index x, but appears in No. ix. 

In conclusion we would suggest that when the List of 
Subscribers is printed the above errors, &c., could be added to 
the Errata. 




Notes & Queries. 

INCOLNSHIRE Town and Traders' 

Tokens. — At no period of History docs 

the County of Lincoln appear to have 

been left much behind the age in public 

works, or in private enterprise — Roman 

and Saxon remains are found in many 

parts. Our Cathedral and the numerous 

array of Ancient Churches, unsurpassed 

"y any other County in the Kingdom, attest the devotion and 

^eal of the old inha'bitants of the Fens, the Marshes, and the 

Wolds, and heroes of the sword and the pen are by no means 


Mints were established at a very early period both at Lincoln 
and Stamford, probably at Wainfleet also, and in the Seventeenth 
century the Traders of Lincolnshire were not behind-hand in 
showing the needs of the country for a coinage of copper, by 

Deiciiption of PtATi.— Numlxn i, i, ), and 4, are Stventeenlh Centuiy 
Toktni of Ciiilor, Coningiby, Kirton, tnd Mirlcel RiKn, dacribed on pp. 117-8. 
NumUn ;, 6, 7, and i. arc Eighlecnth Ccnlury Token) of Lincoln, Slaford, 
Spa1ding,Bnd Wainflnt,deicriUd on pp. 129-jo. Numbtrt 9 and 10, are Silver Tok«« 
of the prcMnt century, iiiued it Gainaborou^ and Lincoln and dncilbed on p. 13I. 

Vol. a.— Part 8. p the 

226 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

the issue from all parts of the county of the small Brass or 
Copper Tokens now so eagerly sought after by coUedors; 
these date from about 1648 to 1672, and are a most interesting 
series, recording the names of persons then in a flourishing way 
of business, in some cases the fore-fathers of the leading 
county families of the present day, but in many cases the 
names still remain amongst the farmers and tradesmen of the 
Nineteenth century. 

The great authority on this series is Boyne*s Trade ToJ^enSy 
new edition, in 2 vols., by Geo, C. Williamson, 1889-91 ; and 
for a very interesting account of them, our readers are also 
referred to Mr. Justin Simpson's work on Lincolnshire Trades^ 
merCs Tokens of the ijth Century [1872], in which 232 Tokens 
are fully described, many illustrated, and numerous hxnWy 
pedigrees are traced. Specimens previously unknown turn up 
now and again — as the "Ward" token described below, and 
many have doubtless disappeared entirely j including varieties, 
the new edition of Boyne describes 270 Tokens issued from 
52 towns and villages in Lincolnshire, for necessary change, 
chiefly by tradesmen, who thus, perhaps unintentionally, 
provided a very early example of trade advertisement. 

Years before these regular Tradesmen's Tokens, rude leaden 
pieces were issued for the purpose of providing small change 
all over the country, and stringent measures were taken to 
suppress them, without much avail. In 161 3, a patent was 
granted to the Harrington Family, of Rutlandshire, which 
resulted in the issue of the minute Copper farthings called 
Harrington Tokens, during the reigns of James I. and 
Charles I. After the execution of the latter monarch in 1649, 
the issue of Tokens by Towns and Traders in all parts of 
England became so wide spread and universal that it brought 
about the first Regal Copper Coinage of the Realm. "A 
Proclamation for making currant His Majestie's Farthings and 
and Half-pence of Copper, and forbidding all others to be 
used," is dated the i6th August, 1672. These large and 
useful Coins of Charles II. were of the size and chara£ber of 
the copper coins which continued in circulation, with the 
addition of a penny-piece (first issued in 1797), until the 
Bronze Coinage of Queen Victoria in i860. 

To give a full list or description of this series of Tokens 
would be far beyond the scope of this article ; Lincoln 
Traders issued 38, Boston 24, Louth 23, Stamford 22, 
Grantham 19, Spalding i4,Crowland 7, including one or 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 227 

more town pieces issued by the Mayor, Corporation, or Overseers 
of each place; Horncastle 13, Grains borough 12, Sleaford 7, 
Deeping, Epworth, and Tattershall 6 each. Bourne, Brigg, and 
Lon^ Sutton 5 each, Alford, Barton-on-Humber, Falkingham, 
and W'ainfleet 4 each, Caistor, Donington, Holbeach, and 
Spilsby 3 each, Ancaster, Aubourne, Grimsby, and Swineshead 
2 each. These pieces are mostly round, the Lincoln " Citty " 
Token is Ofbgonal, others are heart-shaped, lozenge-shaped 
and square; they are mostly of copper, some are of brass, and all 
are struck. The die-sinkers or engravers made sad attempts 
at spelling the names and places ; some are phonetic, some are 
shortened for want of space, and the spelling in some cases 
makes it doubtful to what Town or County certain pieces 
properly belong, but the Parish Registers help to clear up this 
difficulty in many cases. To show how useful the Parish 
Registers are for this and other purposes of identification, the 
writer having an unpublished Token not named in Boyne or in 
Simpson's work, viz. : — 

Olw, WILLIAM . WARD .=Thc Grocer** Arms. 

Rpu, IN . CASTER . i656.=W. W. [See plate No. i.] 

and having ascertained that the name of Ward does not 
appear in the Register of Castor, Northampts, between 1600 
and 1700 — upon writing to Caistor, Lines., the Rev. W. F. W. 
Westbrooke, says "William Ward was Churchwarden in 
1654 and 1658 at Caistor" — so this piece may be fairly 
assigned to the Lincolnshire series on the evidence of the 

The following examples of Tokens belong to twenty- three 
Towns and Villages from which a single piece only was issued, 
and include some good old names or are otherwise interesting, 
and show how widely the custom prevailed. They are 
described from specimens in the writer's colle£Hon, anci from 
the works above mentioned : — 


1. Obv, BRIAN . COVERDAILL . IN . =A Fishing Boat with Sail. 


2. Obv, JOHN.. GARTHWAIT . =Thc Grocer's Arms. 


3. Obv. THOMAS . CRACROFT . =A fleur-de-lis. 
Rev. MERCER . IN . BVRGH . 66.=A Cross Pate. 


4. Obv, THOMAS . LOWTHER . IN . =Three Tuns. 
Rev, BVRTON . VPON . STATHER.=i665. 



Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 































lOHN . LVI*TON . =The Baket's Arms. 
OF . CVNSBY . 1663.=!. A. L.* [Sec plate No. 1.] 

THOMAS . COLLINGWOOD . OF . =The Grocer'i Arms. 
CORBY . HIS . HALF . PENY . i667.=^T. K. C. 



THOMAS . lOHNSON . =The Baker's Arms. 

WILL . RISHWORTH . =Thc Grocer's Arms. 


HELPRINGHAM . MERCER . =The Grocer's Arms.t 

OF . KIRTON . =1665. [See plate No. 3.] 

AT . KIME . FERRY . i669.=HIS HALF PENY . G. H.C. 

WILLIAM . ROWETH . OF . =A Spade. 

OF . MARKETT . REASON.=W. C. 1668, [See plate No. 4.] 

ANN . PARKESON . =A Pair of Scales. 


THOMAS . BOOLE . =The Iromnonger's Arms. 

OF . RASTON . i67i,=E. H. M. 

* Where three initials are given that of the issuer's wife is included ; sometimes 
joined in a true lover's knot. Mr. John Lupton, of Pinchbeck West, is a well- 
known and respe^ed farmer of the present day. His daughter married 
T. A. Roberts, Esq., M.R.C.S., late of Coningsby. 

\ One Anthonie Newlove, of Helpringham, was a subscriber of £z$ to the Loan 
for the Defence of this Country at the time of the Spanish Armada in 1588. See 
page 13a of this volume. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 229 

20. OBv. EDWARD . SLEDMORE . HIS . =A Crown and Shuttle. 
iUv. HALF . PENY . OF . SCOTTER . i669.=E. M. S. 

ii. 06v, DANIEL . DRINKWATER *. =D. D. 

Riv. IN . SVRFLIT . HIS . HALF . PENY.=i666. 


22. Ohv. OF . SUTTON . IN=L M. S. 


23. Obv. lOHN . lONSON . =1666. 
Rev. IN . WRAGBY.=I. L 

Towards the close of the Eighteenth century the copper 
coinage became very much worn and debased, a vast quantity 
of counterfeits being in circulation — this led to a great revival 
of the Town and Traders Tokens, not so wide spread as in the 
seventeenth century but the pieces were much superior in size 
and execution and were chiefly half-pennies j their efFedi seems 
to have been the same in forcing the attention of the 
Government to the Poor Man's Penny, and with the aid of 
improved machinery, invented by Messrs. Boulton and Co., at 
the Soho Works, near Birmingham, resulted in the great issue 
of Pence, Half-pence, and Farthings of 1797-99. The Two- 
penny Piece was also issued at this time, and in large quantities, 
but it did not find much favour, on account of its weight — (2 
ounces) and was never in general circulation. 

Of these Eighteenth Century Tokens, only four examples 
seem to have been issued in Lincolnshire, viz.: Lincoln, 
Sleaford, Spalding, and Wainfleet, which may be thus 
described: — 


1. Okv. PAYABLE . AT . LINCOLN . OR . LONDON . i795.=The 

Arms of the City of Lincoln. 
Rev, PEACE . AND . PLENTY . H ALFPENNY.=A Sheaf of Corn. 
Edge plain. [See plate No. 5.] 



Head in profile. 
Rev. SUCCESS TO NAVIGATI0N.=0n a Shield a Lion rampant, 

Motto ** Sic Donec.- No date. 

No. 6.] 


3. Obv. SPALDING HALFPENNY I794=0n a Shield the letters T. J. 

Crest a Lion Rampant. 

* See page 223 of this Vol. No specimen of this Token is known by the 
writer. The British Museum authorities say the name is Daniel. 


230 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

with Spear and Shield, Olive Branch, &c., Ships, Men 
Ploughing, Sec. 

[See plate No. 7.] 


4, Obv, WAINFLEET HALFPENNy=Figure of Hope, Anchor, Ship 
Bale of Merchandise, &c. In exergue the date 1793. 

House with date 1459. 

S. PALMER. [See plate No. 8.] 

With our present regular supply of Coins of all denominations, 
we can hardly conceive the state of the currency when for 
nearly thirty years, from 1787 to 1816 no Regal Silver Coins 
were struck in England for circulation. This was towards the 
end of the long reign of George III. when the Silver Coins 
were very much defaced, counterfeited, filed and clipped, and 
though many designs were produced, the Government negledied 
to provide any adequate supply of Silver Coins for the use of 
the country. Spanish Dollars were made current, and the 
Bank of England issued various Silver Tokens of very unusual 
values — their Dollars passing for 5s. 6d., and other pieces for 
3s. and IS. 6d. \ all this was greatly to the loss and inconvenience 
of the trading classes, who at length following the example of 
the Bank, issued Silver Shilling and other Tokens from various 
Towns and Cities of the realm ; most of these pieces belong to 
the years 181 1 and 1812. Boyne, Sitper Tokens of Qreat 
Britain and Ireland^ 1866, describes sixteen which were issued 
from, or connected with our county, for in some cases 
tradesmen in different towns and counties associated together 
to provide a joint Token for their mutual convenience and the 
accommodation of their Customers. 

The Lincolnshire series of Silver Tokens are thus described 
in the above work: — 




Rev, INDUSTRY HAS ITS REWARD.=A Bee Hive and Bees. 





Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 231 

CHANGE.=A Wheat Sheaf. i8iz. 

4« Olfv. JOHN GAMSON . GAINSBRO.=The SUr, Garter, and 
Rev. ONE SHILLING . SILVER TOKEN . i8ii.=A female 
holding Scales and a Cornucopia, seated on a Bale. 

5. OSv. WILLIAM JERREMS . GAINSBRO.=A Three-masted Ship 

Rtv. ONE SHILLING . SILVER TOKEN . i8ii.=A Windmill 
This issuer's name appears on the following joint Token. 


H. MORGAN, LONDON, 181 2.» 
R^. SILVER TOKEN FOR XII PENC£.=The Arms of the City 
of Bristol within a Garter, inscribed DOLLAR SILVER. 
Crest above the Garter. 

7. Ohv, GAINSBRO TOKEN i8xi.=A Three-masted Ship Sailing. 
R^. FOR TWELVE PENC£=S. SANDERS. A Bridge of Three 


8. A variety of this Token was issued without the name on rev., and with 

a distant view of the bridge. [See phte No. 9.] 



Rev, ISSUED BY ROYAL LICENCE=Within an Oak Wreath, 


10. Ohv. LINCOLN SILVER TOKEN . i8i2.=The Arms of Lincoln 

within an Oak Wreath. 
THES£=DOLLAR SILVER on a Garter, within which is 
MILLSON AND PRESTON. [See plate No. 10.] 

11. A variety of this is without the Oak Wreath on obv., and the rev. has 

H. M. below the issuers' names. 

12. Ohv, LINCOLNSHIRE SILVER TOKEN.=A Fleece suspended. 
Rtv. Within an Oak Wreath, 12 PENCE. 181 1. 

13. Olw. LINCOLNSHIRE SILVER TOKEN i8i2=Arra8 5 Aaure, a 

Fleece suspended. 



TOKEN. 181 1. 
Rev. PAYABLE IN CASH NOT£S.=A Fleece suspended. 

* Henry Morgan struck or supplied many of these pieces. A London Token 
for sixpence has ** Morgan, maker, 12, Rathbone Place." His initials H. M. 
appear on some of the following. 


232 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

15. Oiw, STAMFORD.=A Lion reclined, holding a large Flag, above which 
is a Crown. 
z6. A variety similar, but with a diflerent obverse die; rays of light 
proceeding from the crown. 

Specimens of the above pieces are in the British Museum : 
in the Cabinet of Mr. Jas. W. Usher, of Lincoln, is a pattern 
token with the following: — 

Okf, LINCOLN SILVER TOK£N.=A SinguUr Shield of Arms 

somewhat resembling Lincoln. 

The circulation of these Silver Tokens, by private traders, 
like that of the Copper Tokens of the Seventeenth and 
Eighteenth centuries, forced the attention of the government to 
view the state of the coins of the realm, and led at length to 
the great re-coinage of silver in 1816-20. After this the 
Silver Tokens very speedily disappeared and from that time no 
Trader's Tokens have been issued, excepting a few pieces for 
checks or for the purposes of advertising. 

Horncastle. C. J. C. 

175. Lincoln Poor Freemen. — The following is from 
the Commons Journals, under date of 4 September, 1649. 

"The humble Petition of divers poor, aged, 
impotent and decayed Freemen of the City of 
Lincoln was this day read. 

" Whereas the Founder of Sutton's Hospital being 
possessed of a Lease for term of years, then in being 
of the Re dory of Glen tun in the County of Lincolne, 
then belonging to or Parcel of the Possessions of the 
late Dean and Chapter of Lyncolne, did grant and 
appoint the same Lease, and the Benefit thereof to 
the Mayor and Corporation of the City of Lincolne, 
for and to the use of Twenty poor Men, Freemen 
of the said City, to be nominated by the Mayor and 
Aldermen of tne said City, from time to time, who 
were to receive Twelvepence per week, weekly, out 
of the same J which Lease now is expired, or is near 
expiration. It is Ordered by the Commons assembled 
in Parliament, That the Trustees for Sale of the 
Lands of the late Dean and Chapter be, and are 
hereby authorized and required to renew the said 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 233 

former Lease ; or in case the same expired, to grant 
a new Lease of the said Reftory, for the Term of 
One-and-forty Years, unto the said Mayor and 
Corporation of Lyncolne, unto the Use and Uses 
direded and appointed by the said Founder, reserving 
upon the said Lease so to be renewed or granted, 
the former and ancient Rent reserved, with usual 
Clauses, Covenants, and Conditions." 

W. D. Pink. 

176. Barley Bread and Wheat Cake. — The Rev. 
W. C. Boulter writes to me from Malvern Link, as follows : — 
"We have in our parish a woman of about 50, from near 
Louth. In her grandfather's house they never had but barley 
bread. On the day of his funeral, however, they had a wheat 
cake. The children wished the old man had died long before, 
"then we should have had wheat cake." 

Bishop HatfielcTs Hall^ Durham. J. T. Fowler. 

177. MiD-LlNCOLNSHIRfi FoLK-LoRE. — The Witch of 

Tetford, — Thirty or forty years ago, a woman named E , 

the daughter of a man named F ^ of Woodhall, lived in a 

cottage near Tetford Church, which had a hole in it, called 
" the cat hole," through which she went in the form of a hare 
or cat \ she bewitched to death, her son and daughter, and also 
a sister living at Scamblesby, who had been warned, by the 

wiseman of Louth, named S , that provided she saw no 

strangers, she would recover, but if the person who had over- 
looked her, was able to do so again, she would die, which 
happened ; for when she was almost well enough to come down 

stairs, her sister Mrs. E called, having walked over from 

Tetford, and though all others had been prevented from seeing 

her, yet her sister Mrs. E was allowed, though of course 

she was the only person to be feared, and as soon as Mrs. E 

saw her sister, she got rapidly worse, and died soon after she 

left the cottage to return to Tetford. Mrs. E required 

to have some vi£lim, whom she bewitched to death gradually, 
or else tortured for years, thus, while she bewitched her son, 
daughter, and sister to death, she only succeeded in making a 

man, named U H , so ill that he could do no work, 

though he could walk about, and one day, he had a gun in his 

hand, and was walking with a friend, named T H y 

when a hare sat up in front of him, and T H said, 

" shoot 

2 34 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

"shoot it," but U H said, "I cannot," so T 

H took the gun from him and fired, knocking over the 

hare, but before he could get up to it, the hare struggled on to 
its legs, and got away, though badly wounded; the next day 

Mrs. E was found very ill, covered with breaders (very 

bad spreading boils), which nearly ended her, though she 

gradually recovered, and lived for several years. U H 

recovered his strength, and went to America, where he did well. 

A JVithcall Ghost, — E C , some years ago, when a 

waggoner at Withcall, wishing to improve the look of his 
master's horses, went to get a sack of corn from the granary, 
and on mounting the ladder, saw a man standing underneath 
it, so he carefully shut the granary door to keep him out, and 
went to look for a sack of corn, but on looking up, saw the 
same man standing beside him, whom he had never seen 
before, and to whom he did not feel inclined to speak, so he 
took up the sack, opened the door, and having shot the corn 
out of the sack into a bin, on turning round, saw the same man 
standing by, so he went up the ladder again and shut the door 
carefully, so that it could not be opened without his hearing or 
seeing it opened, and watched to see what would happen, but, 
as nothing did, he turned round to get another sack, when, to 
his amazement, the same man was standing by him, yet there 
was no way of getting into the granary except through the 
door at the top of the ladder, and it had never opened, nor had 
he heard a sound; this did not prevent his taking down a 
second sack of corn, and shooting it into the bin, when, on 
turning round, the man was standing by him. Whether he 
ever took corn again from the granarv, my informant did not 
know, but he never saw the man agam, and never heard any- 
thing about it, and his master did not find out he had taken 
the corn. 

The Qhost near Qirsby, — About lOO years ago, there was a 
page boy at Girsby Hall, who was met by some men, who took 
hold of him, and said if he did not swear to let them in to rob 
the Hall, or, if he ever split on them, they would skin him 
alive, so having sworn to let them in, and after being threatened 
again, they let him go, and he kept his promise to let the men 
into the Hall, but having split on them, they were all secured 
after they had entered the Hall, tried and punished, and it was 
supposed that nothing more would happen, though for a time 
the page boy was guarded, or at least he was not allowed to go 
anywhere, lest the men should get hold of him ; but at last 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 235 

they did, and skinned him alive, and for many years after a 
big ball of fire rushed scretting-screaming across the road, 
where his body was found completely skinned. 

The Dream of H of Farforth, — After his wife died, 

H of Farforth, near Tetford, became very depressed, and 

shutting himself up in one room at his house, drank heavily, 
and while doing so he dreamed he was in hell, and saw his wife 
sitting; in a magnificent arm chair, and near it some devils were 
very busy making another like it, and they told him that the 
chair was intended for him, and when it was finished they 
would come to fetch him and put him into it \ this so terrified 
him that. he gave up drinking and left Farforth, vowing he 
would never return, but soon after he died in London, and was 
brought back to be buried at Farforth by six black horses, 
about 35 vears ago. 

The Gnost ofOrgarth HilL — This hill, a few miles south of 
Louth, some 40 years ago was haunted by a man riding on a 
shag or shaggy horse, which suddenly appeared without any 
warning, and kept up with persons until they were terrified, 
but usually it appeared to people riding or driving, who did not 
notice the horse and its rider, until they looked to see what had 
terrified their horses, which stood trembling with fear, until 
they bolted down the hill. 

The *Big Stone at Slash Lane^ near Winceby. — This stone 
cannot be moved, at least all attempts have so far failed, 
especially on one occasion, when it was with much difficulty 
reared up by ropes pulled by men and dragged by horses, for on 
a man saying, "Let God or devil come now, we have it," the 
stone fell back, dragging over the men and horses who were 
hauling at the ropes, and something appeared standing on the 
stone, doubtless Samwell the Old Lad, that is the Devil, who 
had been so rashly defied. 

178. The Monasteries, Friaries, and Hospitals of 
Lincoln (Vol. IL, p. 210, continued). — A few details of more or 
less historical interest may now be given. As the Priory was 
just on the outskirts of the City, it became a fiivourite halting- 
place for Kings or persons of consideration. And this custom 
lasted into quite recent years for the Judges of Assize always 
stopped here for refreshment on their way to Lincoln. Also by 
the statutes, the Bishop eledl of Lincoln has to sleep at St. 
Katherine's Priory the night before his consecration, and on 
the day following to walk bare-foot to the Cathedral, the streets 


236 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

being spread with cloth, which was afterwards given to the 
poor. There has now been no Priory house for generations, 
and the ceremony has probably not taken place for some 
hundreds of years. 

In 1 216, the seal of William, Prior is attached to a Charter. 

In 1220, another Charter, whereof a fragment is in the 
British Museum (Harl. ch. 57, f. 50) in Latin. 

In 1285, ^^ ^^ ^ Royal Grant was made to the prior of 
St. Katharine at Lincoln, to ere£t a wind mill near the Priory 
(Quod prior S. Kath. Lincoln possit de novo construere unum 
molendinum ventriticum in viridi placea juxta partam ejusdem 
prioratus) Pat. roll, 13 E. I. m. 23. 

In 1290, the body of Queen Eleanor, who had died at 
Harby, just over the Nottmghamshire border, rested in the 
Priory for a night, to be remembered by the beautiful cross 
(the nrst of the series which ended at Charing) which stood on 
Swine Green. 

In 1392, the parish church of Mere, near Lincoln, was 
appropriated to the Priory. 

From Mr. Gibbons' valuable colle^on of Early Lincoln 
Willsy come the following extrafb : — 

" 1392. Agnes Hauberk, of Scaldeford, bequeaths to 

the Church of St. Katherine without the gate, 

Lincoln, xx^. p. 48. 

" 1395. Johan widow of Walter Lamson of Stoketh, to 

the Hospital of St. Katherine without Lincoln iji. 

p. 55. 
" 1392. Robect de Lottryngton, re<Elor of Gosberkyrk, 

to St. Katherine's Asylum, Lincoln iijj. \\\]d. p. 56. 

"1386. GeofFrey de Semt Quintyn, knight. To be 
buried in St. Katherine's Abbey Church, near 
Lincoln, before the altar of our Lady. (Proved at 
St. Katherine's Convent without Lincoln.) p. 73. 

"1391. John de Sutton, senr., citizen of Lincoln, to be 
buried in the Priory Church of Katherine without 
Lincoln, p. 76. He also makes the Prior of St. 
Katherine's a trustee for him. He also left ^^20 to 
make and complete the bell tower of St. Marv 
Magdalene's Church, Sutton in Ashfield, of whicn 
Church his relation William de Sutton was Priest in 
the 14th century, the latter likewise was buried in the 
Priory, to which he left Sio. His seal is engraved 
in the Associate Societies'^ Keports for 1874, p. 172. 

" 1392. 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 237 

"1392. William Wayte (mentioned before, under St. 
Giles') leaves to the Sisters of St. Katherine's without 
Lincoln iiji. iiijrf." p. 86. 
So we see that by this date at least there was a certain com- 
pletion of the Gilbertine scheme. 

"1397. Robert de Westburgh of Grantham, to the sick 

and diseased at St. Katherine's without Lincoln 

vjj. viijd. p. 87. 
" 1404. Henry Codyngton, parson of Batelesford, *Item 

lego fratribus et sororibus de Bedarno pertinent! 

prioratui S. Katrine extra Lincoln.' xxj. p. 95, 
" 1408. Johan, widow of Robert de Appulby, of Lincoln, 

bequest to St, Katherine's convent witnout Lincoln, 

and the poor widows and orphans dwelling there. 

p. 109. 
"141 2. Adam Ffriday of Multon. Bequest to St. 

Katherine without Lincoln, p. 120. 
"141 8. Robert Gybon, of Sutterton, bequests to the 

poor and orphans of St. Katherine's Hospital without 

Lincoln, p. 122. 
" 141 3. Robert de Sutton, merchant of Lincoln, bequests 

to St. Katherine's Convent, without Lincoln (p. 139) 

and to the poor at St. Catherine's without Lincoln 

vocat' Bede men xs. p. 140, 
" 1434. Walter Johanson of Pynchebek to the poor 

juxta sandbm Katrinam, Line' iiijd, p. 161. 
" 1459. John de Leek, Reftor of Houghton, to Isabella 

Chawelton, sister of St. Katrine's Lincoln, xIj. to 

pray for the soul of her sister Grace and my soul." 

p. 185. 
Also we find in 1454, an Indulgence was granted by the 
Bishop of Ely for the Hospital of St. Katherine's. 

In 1489, the chancel of St. Mary Magdalene's, Newark, 
was rebuilt at the cost of the Prior ot St. Katherine's. 

Mr. Walter de Gray Birch, of the British Museum, kindly 
supplies the following information : — 

"The seal attached to Eg. ch. 480, in English (A.D. 1529) 
bears the following inscription : — 

'...prior' et convent' sce... 
NE Lincoln' ad cavs ' 

The charter, dated the fourth day of February in the 
20th year of King Henry VIII,, is between John, 


238 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Prior of the house of St. Kateryn, and Robert 
Huse, esquire." 

The last Prior was William Griffith who with 15 monks 
joined in the surrender of his House to the King. It was 
valued in the 26th year of Henry the 8th, in the whole income 
at ^^270 I J. 3<j?. in the net /202 5/. o\d. The site was 
granted to Henry's brother-in-law, Charles Brandon, Duke of 
Suffolk, in the 30th year of his reign. The seal ad causas of 
this Priory represented St. Katherine with her wheel ; an 
impression of it is at the Tower of London, the legend 
imperfeft. In James the First's time, the Priory had passed 
into the possession of the well-known Lincoln &mily of 
Grantham, of whom are some monuments in the old tower of 
St. Martin's Church, In 161 7, James spent two nights here, 
and staying with the family at the time, as a schoolboy, was 
the afterwards stern republican and regicide, Hutchinson. The 
Mansion itself was called St. Katherine's Hall, and notes 
written at the close of the last century refer to it as follows : — 
^'A beautiful place, once standing on the left on entering 
Lincoln, and belonging to the Man by family, but pulled down 
a few years ago. And again — St. Katherine's near Lincoln, 
1763, afterwards was neglefted. — of this Priory, justly 
admired for its elegance and grandeur, now nothing remains 
but some barns, built from the materials." 

One of the Brothers Buck has left a sketch (about 1730) of 
a picturesque gable fragment, with window, then remaining. 
The foundations of the Church were dug up in 1 734, and 
many gravestones broken in pieces. In a stone coffin which 
was opened, was found a headless skeleton. 

Several years ago, when building was going on in the area 
of the Priory, foundations were discovered, and several 
archite£lural fragments, capitals, pillars, arches, and a finely 
carved boss, which have been preserved by Mr. Martin in 
Drury Lane. Early in October, 1890, some more relics of the 
Priory came to light, a stone coffin, 6ft. 6in. long, 21 in. broad 
at the head, and 7in. at the foot. It was laid due east and west 
about four feet deep. There was also an inscribed slab of the 
fifteenth century, and some fine mouldings. Early in November, 
a Papal Bulla was discovered, a flat leaden seal, i^in. in diameter, 
with on one side the heads of St. Peter and St. Paul (over St. 
Peter the letter "e" still remains). Between the two busts is 
a "crux ansata." On the other side is the name of the Pope 
Innoce[n]tivs VI. He occupied the Papal throne for 8 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 239 

years, from 1352 to 1362. A brass shield enclosed in a quatre- 
foil has also been found, it bears two crosses in chief, and a 
crescent in base, surmounted by a mullet ; as well as a lozenge 
shaped ivory seal, bearing a bird with expanded wings, and an 
inscription round the edge. 

Lincoln, £. Mansel Sympson. 

179. Monumental Inscriptions from other Counties 


Norwich jThe Cathedral. — M.S. | Thomas LittellS.T. P. | 
Qui Vult plura: Musarum Sedes adeat | Apud Cantabri^: Ubi 
in iEdibus Eman: | Bonis Literis Operam Sedulo navavit; | 
Philisophice et Humanitat' Semina feliciter | Excoluit : Cuneq 
Suae Commissis indidit I Quo diutius Privatus latere non 
potuit I Hunc enim ob rublica in luventutem merita; | £t 
Privatas in Filium Suum Natu maximum | Curas; ad Hujus 
Ecclesiae Praebendam evocavit | Vir Amplissimus, tum. Regi 
a Sigillo Magno | Amplum certe Hoc Summi Amoris Pignus 
erat: | Ne dicam amplius q^ et insperatum | At quantum 
quantum mentis tamen. | Impar esse judicavit, Qui dedit: 
adje£ta | Multos post Annos Re<9:orii de Tidd | In agro 
Lmcolniensi ; Ulterius Favoris | Testimonio | Obiit 20" 
Aprilis Anno JErx x°^ 1731^ ^tat : 66^ || Thomas Littell 
A.M. Filius Unicus | Coll: Eman: Socius De Quo magna 
Sperare I Omnes: Eodem Sepulchro fruitur | Obiit 27® Martij 
Anno Dni: 1731^ jEtat: 24^ || In Eodem Dormitorio 
reconduntur Exuvise Sar^ Predifli Tho: Littell S.T.P. 
Conju I gis, Dile6Kssim2e, Cujus Virtutibus, tam Privatis, 
QuamConjugalibus,non est q^.addani; | cum Vir Amplissimus, 
denjaminus Wrench Eques Illam Secundis Nuptiis | honestare 
dignatus est Obiit 6°" Julii, Anno Dni 1737^ iEtatis 
Suae 54®. I [Coat of Arms: Sable, in a pair of wings ereft 
conjoined or, a pillar of the same.] 

The Church of St. Aftchael^ Coslany. — Sacred to the memory 
of I Sarah, the wife of | John Day Junr. daughter of | Will™, 
and Christian Jackson of Carlton Scroop in Lincolnshire | She 
died June 7**^ 1737 | aged 33 years | also two of her children | 
viz. Sarah died an in^t in 1732 | and Bridget died July i"* 
1737 I aged 4 years | Also Elizabeth | his second wife, daughter 
of I John Lesingham Beer brewer | and Sarah his wife | who 
died January 27, 1769 | aged 58 years I Also the remains of 
Jn. Day Esq. | who served the office of Sheriff | and Mayor of 


240 Lincolnshire Notes & ^ueries^ 

this City | He died June 2nd 1777 aged 71 | John Day | died 
I December | 1745 in the 12 year of his | age | 

The Church of St. Michael at Tied. — Sacred | to the 
Memory of | Marshall Shaw | died Feby 2i"* 1855 | Aged 
29 Years | The deceased Was A Native of Barnoldby ) Le- 
Beck Lincohishire Highly esteemed by | All who Knew him | 
Sleep Brother Sleep Within thy narrow bed | till earth and sea 
shall both give up their dead | Up, seek the Saviour, lo, the Judge 
in sight I Wake Reader wake and Christ shall give thee light | 

The Church of St. John the Baptist^ Timberhill.— Here 
refteth the Body of | EHzabeth y* Wife of | Samuel Decele | 
Late of this Parish | and Daughter of | Rob*. Calthorpe of 
Holbeech | in the County Lincolne Gent | She died March y* 
3^* 1700 I Aged 36 Years | Here also | Resteth the Body of 
I Samuel the Son of | Samuel Decele | And Elizabeth his 
Wife I Who died Sep^. 4,^ 1748 | Aged 49 Years | 

The Church of St. Peter^ Per-Mountergate. — Near this stone 
Heth Eliz*^. | the wife of John Pitchford | of this Parish Gent. 
By whom She | had four Sons and four Daughters | (The three 
Eldest Sons dying in their Infancy) | She was the Youngest 
Daughter | of the late Thomas Peel of | Gosberton in the 
County of | Lincoln Gent. Born in 1700 | Married in 1729, 
and died on the | I2th of March 1766, in hopes of la happy 
Eternity. I Also the Remains of the above | John rritchard 
Gent. I Who departed this Life the 16**^ | of January 1768. 
Aged 65 Years, j 

The Church of St. Clement. — Sacred | to the Memory of | 
Jeremiah Ives Efq. | Born at Bourne in Lincolnshire | the 
26**^ day of March 1692 | He was elefled Mayor of this City 
in the Year 1733 | which important Truft He difcharged witn 

I peculiar greatnefs of Mind temper'd with Candor | Affability 
and unblemifh'd Integrity I He was a profefsed admirer of 
Virtue | and his general Conaud in Life | was flriSly conform- 
able to this profefsion | His Benevolence, Love of Truth, and 
the Liberties of Mankind | Universal | He was a moft Endearing 
Hufband | A tender and Beloved Father | A Kind Mafter, a 
Sincere and Cheerful Friend I Having for three Years endured 
the Torture of the Stone | With invincible Fortitude of Mind 

I PofTeff'd of the higheft Efleem and Reputation | He 
departed this Life the 20*^ day of March 1 741-2 I In the 50*** 
Year of his Age | Also Alice his Wife | Who aeparted this 
Life the 27*** day of Aug**. 1759 — In the 63* Year of her Age. | 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 241 

180. Lincolnshire Parish Registers : Col. Chester's 
Transcript. — Of rare and useful books for the genealogist, 
who is chiefly interested in the "gentlfe-folk" of the land, none 
is rarer or more useful than one that is privately printed this 
year by Dr. Marshall, Rouge Croix Tursuivant of Arms^ of the 
Heralds' College. The title of the book is : — 

"Parish Registers. | A list of those printed, or of which 
MS. I copies exist in Public Collections, I together 
with I References to £xtra£b therefrom. Printed & 
Manuscript. | By I George W, Marshall. | Privately 
Printed. | 1891 j .^' 

The importance of this book can hardly be exaggerated, as 
it concerns most of the counties of England. Lincolnshire 
however it concerns most, and we venture to reprint all that 
concerns our county, for the reason that we only deem it right 
that our fen, heath, and wold-folk should have some slight 
record of the labours and journeys of the late Mr. Arthur 
Staunton Larken, sometime Richmond-Herald^ in our great 
maritime county. This gentleman assisted his brother-in-law, 
the late Lord Monson, in collecting materials for a genealogical 
history of our famous shire. Both worked hard, and each 
exchanged notes. Mr. Larken held a letter from Archdeacon 
Kaye addressed to the beneficed clergy of Lincolnshire asking 
them to aUow the bearer free access to the Parish Registers in 
their care. The names of the principal fomilies were as a rule 
alone transcribed, and at times the Parish Registers were but 
hastily scanned. The extraCb were copied in pencil, and 
afterwards written over in ink, hence, here and there, grievous 
mistakes as to names have been made ; for example the name of 
"Brecknock" was written in pencil, and has been rewritten in 

These note-books were most freely lent to the late Colonel 
Chester, who transcribed the whole of the coUeCiion, and the 
following list, made by Dr. Marshall, refers to the volumes 
and pa^es in Colonel Chester's transcript. 

Mr. Larken's original notes, like Colonel Chester's transcript, 
are in the Library of the Heralds' College, and Viscount 
Oxenbridge, in his Library at Burton Park near Lincoln, has 
copies of most of these. 

Colonel Chester certainly visited Boston, Kirton, and 
Lincoln, and some few other places in our County, and 
most of these while the guest of Mr. Larken, at 
Balderton Hall, near Newark. 

Vol. z. q These 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

These forewords are written lest the memory and remem- 
brance of the life, worth, and work, of the late Mr. Larken be 
foreotten, and his many unselfish a£b of kindness and generosity 
to Colonel Chester, 

The numerals refer to the volume, and the numbers to the 
page of the MS. 

Aitthorpe, i., 207 

Aldford, iv^ 293 

Althorpe, ii^ 5 

Alvingham, i., 171 

Anderby, i., 344 

Appleby, i., 338 

Athby-cum-Fenby, iii^ 40a 

Aslackby, i., 312 

Authorpe, i., 351 

Aylesby, it., I 

Bardney, ii., I4I 

Barkttone, i^ 336 

Barlings, iv., 37 

Baraoldbv-le-Beck, iv., 5 

Barrow, 1., 201 

Barton St. Peter, i., 41 

Barton St Mary, i., 47 

Barton-on-Humber, v., 279 

BaMingthorpe-cum-Westby, i^ 26 



Baumber, ii., I34 
Beckingham, ii., 246 
Beelcby, iv., 9 

Becltby-in-the-Marah, ii., 30 
Belleau, i., 34 
Belton-in-Axholme, i., 30 
Billingborough, ii., 164 

Ditto v., 321 
Billinghay, ii., 294 

Ditto v., 337 
Bilcby, iii., 386 
Bishop Norton, ii., 17 
Blyborough, i., 66 
Blyton, i., 205 
Bolingbroke, i., 13 

Ditto ii., 123 
Boston, iii., 181, I98, 285 
Bottesford, ii., 9, 382 
Bourn, i., 370 
Braceborough, ii., 24 
Bracebirdge, i., 250 
Bradley, iv., 15 
Brigsl<^, iii., 395 
Burgh-m-the- Marsh, i., 156 

Ditto ii., 377 
Burton yicrM Lincoln, i., lo 

Ditto iv., 67 

Ditto, v., 183 
Burwell, i., 11 1 

Caistor, ii., 311 
Ditto v., I 
Calceby, i., 247 
Careby, ii., loo 
Carlby, i., 269, 395 
Carlton, Scroop, 188 
Castle B^tham, iu, I09 
Claxby, iv., 1 19 
CUxby-by-Normanby, ii., 354 
Clee, iii., 392 

Ditto iv., 155 
Coates, i., 38 
Coates, Great, iv., 31 
Coates, Little, iv., 1 17 
Coates, North, iv., 33 
Coleby, i., 19 
Colsterworthj ii., 367 

Ditto v„ 349 
Conisholm, i., 127 
Corby, ii., 104 
Corringham, i., 59 
Covenham St. Marv, i., 174 
Covenham St. Bartholomew, i., 175 
Croft, i., 79 
Croyland, i., 102 

Ditto v., 287 
Cumberworth, i., 352 
Deeping St. Tames, i., 378 
Dembleby, 11., 146 
Donington, ii., 93 
Dowsby, ti., 153 
Driby, i., 246 
Dunholm, ii., 3 
Dunsby, i., 324 
Eagle, ii., 205 
East Halton, iv., 35 
Edenham, ii., 55 . 
Evedon, ii., 81 
Faldingworth, i., 24 
Falkingham, i., 360 

Ditto iv., 299 
ftnton juxta Nevrark, ii., I 
Fiskerton, ii., 228, 317, 386, 400 

Ditto iv., 61 
Fleet, ii., 115, 267 

Ditto v., 365 
Fotherby, i., 1 67 
Friesthorpe, v., 199 
Fulstow, iv., 163 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


Gtiotborottgh, iii^ 159 
Gedney, ii., 96, 99, 268 

Ditto v., 313 
Gedney Hill^ ii., 95 
Gedney Hill, v., 311 
Glentwoitb, i., 392 
Goltho, il, 183 
Gozhiil, i., 105 

Ditto v^ 289 
Gnintby, i., 1 1 5 

Ditto IT., 23 
Gnntham, iii., II4 
Grayingham, L, 398 
Great Carlton, ii., 20 
Great Grimsby. TAe Rtguter Book of the 

Parish Ottaxh of St. Jama, Gnat 

Gr'msiy, Edited by G. S. Stephenson, 

M.D. Great Grimsby : 1889. 8vo. 
Great Hale, ii., 61 
Great Limber, ▼., 21 
Great Ponton, ii., 366 
Greet well, ii., 221 
Hainton, i., 286 
Hareby, i., 15 
Harmeston, i., 2X 
Harpswcll, i., 57 
Hatton, ii., 144 
Hawerby, iv., 41 
Haxey, li., 391 

Ditto v., 353 
Havdor, ii., I70 

Ditto v., 323 
Healing, iii., 405 
H^pham, i., 384 
Heckington, ii., 64 to 78 
Helpringham, ii., 57 
Hemswell, i., 387 
Hogsthorpe, ii., 38 
Holbeacb, i., 302 
Holton Beckering, ii., 136 
Horbling, ii., 150 
Horncastle, iii., 205 
Hough-on-the-Hili, i., 329 
Howell, ii., 79 
Huttoft, iii., 367 
Immingham, iv., 169 
Irhy on Humbtr, The Regiuers of, 1558- 
1783. Printed at the Private Press of 
F. A. Crisp. 1890. Fol. 
Imham, i., 322 
Keddington, i., 227 
Keelby, iv., 55 
Keistem, i., 292 
Kettlethorpe, i., 237 
Killingholme, iv., 79 
Kirkby Underwood, ii., 120 
Kirkby-cum-Osgodby, v., 17 

Kirton -in- Holland, ii., 161, 371 
Kirton-in-Lindsey, i., 61 

Ditto iv., 69 
Laceby. Nota & Sluer'usj 3, S. ii., 322 

Ditto iv., 385 
Langton-by-Wragby, ii., 186 
Laugh ton, i., 63 
Lavington, alias Lenton, i., 4 
Lea, i., 235 
Leadenham, i., 307 
Leake, ii., 201 
Leasingham, ii., 19 
Legsby, ii., 13 1 
Leverton, ii., 202 
Lincoln, St. Benedid, iii., 39 

Ditto St. Botolph, iii., 34 

Ditto St. Margaret-in-the-vUose, iii., 

Ditto St. Mark, iii, 9 

Ditto St. Martin, iii., i« 192 

Ditto St. Mary Magdalen, iii., 64, 

Ditto St. Mary-le-Wigford, iii., 67 

Ditto St. Michael -on-the-Mount, iii. 

Ditto St. Nicholas, Newport, iii., 74 
Ditto St. PauI'in-the-Bail, iii., 7, 197 
Ditto St. Peter-at-Arches, iii., 43, 

190, 233 
Ditto St. Peter-in-Eastgate, iii., 59 
Ditto St. Peter-at-Gowts, iii., 15, 

Ditto St. S within, iii., lo 

Linwood, v., 27 

Lissington, v., 201 

Little Grimsby, i., 74 

Long Sutton, or ) ii., 269 

Sutton St. Mary J v., 335 

Louth, i., 179 to 196 
Ditto ii., 376 

Ludborough, i., 177 

Mablethorpe, i., 1 70 

Maltby-le-Marsh, i., 347 

Manby, iii., 377 

Markby, ii., 28 

Market Deeping, i., 7 

Market Rasen, v., 49 

Marsh Chapel, i., 300 

Marton, i., 220 

Messingham, i., 241 

Middle Rasen, iv., I43 

Minting, ii., 142 

Morton juxta Bourn, ii., 117 

Moulton, ii., 44 
Ditto v., 307 

Mumby, iii., 394 
Ditto iv., 369 


244 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Nettleham, v., 331 

New Sleaford, ii., 191 to zoo 

Newton juxta Folkingham, i., 267 

Newton-by-Toft, ▼., 195 

Newton-on-Trent, ii., 190 

Normanby-by-Claxby, v., 35 

North Cockeringtoo, i., 120 

Northorpe, i., 281 

North Somercotes, lii., 379 

North Thorecby, i., 116 

North Thoretby, iv^ 93 

North Willingham, iv., 129 

North Witham, ii., I08 

Osboumby, i., 264 

Owersby, v., 41 

Owcton, i., 244 

Piclcworth, i., 260 

Pilham, i., 280 

Pinchbeck, 1 34 to I47 

Quadring, i., 365 

Ranby, ii., 138 

Rand, i., 290 

Reepham, ii., 22 

Riby, iv., 49 

Rig»by, iv., 359 

Rippingale, i., 6 

Ropaley, i., 271 

Salebv, i., 342 

Saxilby, i., 1 32 

Scampton, v., 303 

Scartho, iii., 408 

Scawby, i., 17 

Scotton, ii., 375 

Scotter, i., 308 

Ditto V. 83 
Sempringham, ii., 168 
Sizhillt, ii., 252 
SkegneM, i. 154 
SkeUingthorpe, i., 277 
Sleaford, ii., 19I 

Ditto v., 325 
Somerby, i., 265 
Sotbv, ii., 139 
South Carlton, i., 130 
South Elkington, i., 327 
South Hykeham, ii., 1 22 

South Kelfey, v., 205 
South Kyme, ii., 320 

Ditto v., 341 
South Ormtby, i., 51 
South Witham, ii., 107 
Spalding, i., 83 

Ditto v., 283 
Spanby, ii., 154 
Spilsby, i., x6o 
Springthorpe, i., 380 
Stallingborough, ▼., 93 
Stamford, St George, v., 153 

Ditto St Martin, u, 149 

Ditto St Marv, v., 169 

Ditto St Michael, v^ 243 
Stenigot, i., 165 
Strubby, i., 76 
Stuhton^ The Repstert of, 1 577 — 1628. 

Printed at the Private Press of F. A. 

Crisp. 1883. FoL 
Sudbrooke, ii., 36 
Sutterton, ii., 159 

Ditto v., 223 to 275 
Sutton St. James, ii., 87 
Swallow, u., 312 
Swarby, ii., 173 
Swaton, ii., 212 
Swinderby, ii., 203 
Swineshead, i., 149 

Ditto ii., 410 

Ditto v., 215 
Swinhope, i., 40 
Swinestead, i., 321 
Tallington, i., 397 
Tathwell, i., 325 
Tealby, iv., 133 
Thorganby, i., 248 
Thornton Curtis, i., 108 
Threckingham, ii., 156 
ThurlbyyiuTM Stamford, i., 316 
Toft juxta Newton, v., Ill 
Tothill, i., 339 
Trusthorpe, i., 346 
Tydd S. Mary, ii., 89 
Uffington, i., 317 
Ulceby, v., 113 

* In the ReRquary^ the registers of the parishes of Stamford are as follows » — 
St George, viii., 89, 151, 2x6 St. Mary's, x., 47 

St John, XX., i33 xi., 23, 173 

xxi., yj^ 157, 222 St Michael, xiv., 41, 74, 231 

xxii., 53, 113 XV., 39, 91, 170 

xxiv., 73 xvi., 45, 75, 225 

St Martin, xii., 51, 116 xvii., 88, 202. 

xiii., 165, 236 xviii., 95. I49, 212 

St. Mary's, ix., 113 xix., 46, 107, 166 

XX., 40, 117 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 245 

Upton, i., 204 
Usidby, iv., 125 
Waddington, ii., 233 
Waddingham, ii., 16 
Walcott, i., 1 
Walesby, v., 131 
Waltham, iii^ 388 
Ditto IT., 109 
Walton-le-Wold, i., 28 
Wathingborough, i>f 251 
Ditto ii., 374 

WelUngore, i«| 314 
West Barkwith, i^ 328 
Weston, ii^ 42 
Wett Rasen, iv^ 149 
West Theddlethorpe, i^ 295 
Whaplode, ii., 51 

Reform Cluby London. 

Wbaplode, v., 309 
Whaplode Drove, ii., 54 
Wickenby, ii., 175 
Wigtoft, i., 368 
Willoughby, i., 348 
Willoughton, i., 388 
Winterton, v., 373 
Winthorpe, ii., 344, 404 
Wicpington, ii., 135 
Witham-on-the-Hill, i., 9 
Withem, ii., 33, 406 
Wold Newton, iv., 45 
Wootton, \^ 197 
Wragby, ii., 180 
Wybeiton, v., 211 
Yarborottgh, i., 121 

EvERARD Green, F.S.A. 

181. The Drs. George Oliver. — Considerable mis- 
apprehension still existing as to the identity of the two 
Drs. George Oliver, it may interest our readers if we give a brief 
excerpt from the Bibliography of the R/p, Qeorge Olrvery D.D.y 
by Dr. Brushfield, published at Exeter, in 1885: — 

"The literary records of this century contain no more 

remarkable coincidence than there should be living as 

contemporaries two clergymen each of whom was 

known as the Rev. Dr. George Oliver, and both of 

them of eminent literary abilities, especially with 

regard to parochial antiquities. From this point, 

however, their opinion and habits diverged, one of 

them being a Roman Catholic pries^ and the other 

a clergyman of the Church of England and a 


Dr. George Oliver, the Roman Catholic, was born at 

Newington, Surrey, Feb. 9th, 1781, and died at Exeter, 

March 23rd, 1861, having lived 54 years in Exeter as Catholic 

Mission rriest. 

Dr. George Oliver, the Freemason, was born at Popplewick, 
Nov. 5th, 1782, and died 1867. He was Head Master of 
Gt. Grimsby Grammar School, and became successively Vicar 
of Clee, Vicar of Scopwick, Redtor of Wolverhampton, and 
Re£br of South Hykeham. 

It is stated by Dr. Brushfield in his Bibliography^ that "an 
intimate friend and frequent correspondent of Dr. George 
Oliver, of Exeter, said 'there was no relationship between him 
and the Protestant Dodor of the same name. They were of 


246 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

course often confounded with each other, and the Catholic 
Doctor has related amusing mistakes made, and that he often 
received letters intended for his namesake, as no doubt the 
other received some intended for him."* 

Eds., Lines. N. ^ ^ 

182. Glossary of North Lincolnshire Words. — 
The following additional words, and examples of words already 

Siven in my Qlossary of Words used in the Wapental^es of 
ianley and Corringham^ the last edition of which was published 
in 1889, may be interesting to your readers. I have to thank 
the Rev. J. T. Fowler, M.A., F.S.A., Mr. Alfred Atkinson, 
and my daughter Mabel for help therein. 

I have made several quotations from the Diary of Ralph 
Thoresby, the West Riding Antiquary. He was one of 
the most learned and accomplished historical students of his 
day. He was an inhabitant of Leeds, and brought up to 
trade, but connected by blood and friendship with some of the 
most noteworthy races of Yorkshire, he was familiar with a 
dialect, then uncorrupted with slang, which, though in some 
important respe£b different from our own, has still so many 
points in common, that the diale£Uc writings of Yorkshiremen 
must always have interest for the men of Lindsey, whose 
nearest neighbours they are. 

Southey's Common Place Books are a mine of information on 
almost every conceivable subjedl. He was before his time in 
realizing the value of folk-«peech, and the light it throws on 
the growth of that form of it, which has now become standard 

"'When I use a word,* Humpty Dumpty said 

'it means just what I choose it to mean — 
neither more nor less.'" Lewis Carroll, 
Thrmgh the Looting GlasSy 1872, p. 124. 
Acer. — Sept. 29, 1680. "This morning, before we left 
Wisbeach, I had the sight of an hygre or eager^ a most 
terrible flush of water, that came up the river with 
such violence that it sunk a coal vessel in the town, and 
such a terrible noise that all the dogs in it snarl and 
bite at the rolling waves as though they would swallow 
up the river; the sight of which (having never seen 
the like before) much afieded me, each wave 
surmounting the other with an extraordinary violence.'' 
Diary of Ralph Thoresby^ Vol. L, p. 63. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 247 

Cf. Murray Di£i.^ sub yoce " Eagre.'' 

Among-hands. — Jan. 21, i686, "I must, of necessity 
stay here till I can at least have my other book of 
Antiquities begun, which will be ereat charge to me, 
though I got some pra£Uce among hands." Nathaniel 
Johnson, M.D., in Tboresb/s Correspondence, Vol, I., p. 8 1 . 

Backside. — ^''The young Palatine of Florence carried 

by the enemy out of his quarters, as a chicken bv a 
kite, out of a backside." Sir John Suckling, ne 
Goblins, cd. 1874, Vol. II., p. 95. 
C/. Notes Gf Series, VII. Series, Vol. IX., p. 94. 

Blacksmith's Daughter. — A pad-lock. 

Breeze. — ^The dew on the noses of oxen. 

Brown Titus. — Bronchitis. 

Busk (2). — Dryden in The Maiden ^een. Aft IV., Sc. i, 
has "ware niv busk." To which in Sir Walter Scott's 
edition, 1808, there is the following note, "The now 
almost forgotten busk was a small slip of steel or wood, 
used to stiffen stays. Florimel threatens to employ it 
as a rod of chastisement." Vol. II., p. 437. 

Burgage. — ^The Highs and the Low. Two streets in 
Winteringham, the householders in which used to eleft 
a mayor. However it may have been in former days, 
in latter times this official had no authority or duties." 
J. T. F. 

Burr (2). — "You must be more prudent; for our old man 
will stick like a burr to you, now he's in a dispute." 
Dryden, An Evening^ s Lcve, Aft II., Sc. I., ed. 1808, 
vol. III., p. 262. 
Milton employs the word in Comus, 

"But O that hapless virgin, our lost sister. 
Where may she wander now, whether betake her 
From the chill dew, among rude burs and thistles ? " 

1. 352. 
Cf, Murray Di£f., sub voce, "Bur." 

C Hook. — ^An iron hook or link, shaped something like the 
letter C, used for repairing chains in a temporary 

Cat-jingles. — ^There is a popular belief that this disease 
may be cured by cutting off the tail of a living cat, and 
painting a zone of warm blood therewith around the 
waist of the sufferer. 


248 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Clinkers (i), — The small hard bricks used for paving 
streets and roads in the Netherlands, are called 
"Klinkerds." See Sewel's Woordenboek der Nederduitsche 
en Engelsche^ sub voce. 
Clock (3). — A writer in The Academy^ Sept. i, 1888, quotes 
the following from Browne's Shepheards Pipe^ 161 4: — 
"And on each silver stock 
Work such a clock 
With twisted coloured thread, as not a swaine, 
Of all the downes can show the like againe." 
When an angry person threatens another with severe 
justice, or vengeance, it is common to say "I'll let him 
knaw what a clock it is." 
Coach and Six. — "To drive a coach and six" is a 
figurative way of expressing that the person spoken of 
is very rich. "She's the cleverest woman in all 
creation. If she'd begun life, as I did, when I came 
back fra 'Merica, with nowt but a sow and a litter of 
pigs, she'd be able to drive her coach and six by now." 
Narcissa Srendon^ Vol. II., p. 233. 
Cob-hall. — Southey says, quoting the Li/e of Lord Keeper 

gmldford^ Vol. L, p. 228. That there is a place at 
yme called "The Cob." Common Place Book^ Vol. 
IV., p. 405. 

CouL-RAKE. — Coul-staff seems to have been used in a like 
sense, and from mud-scraper easily became a term of 
abuse. Otway makes one of his charaflers say "Why 
thou unconscionable hobnail, thou country coulstaf^ 
thou absolute piece of thy own dry'd dirt, wouldst 
thou have the impudence, with thy hideous beard, and 
grisly countenance, to make thy appearance before the 
footstool of a Bona Roba that I delight in." TheAtheist^ 
Aft I., Sc. I., ed. 1728, Vol. II., p. 20. 

Country Side. — 

"Suffice to say they reached the * country side ' 
From which they came to carry ofF the pride. 

Mischief of the MuseSy 1 847, p. 20. 
"They became the terror and scourge of the whole 
* country-side.' " Geo. F. X. Griffith, Trans, of Fouard^s 
Christ the Son of Qod^ Vol. I., p. 251. 

Craw. — "A league-square hover of crows darken air and 
earth." Blackwood* s Mag.y Aug., 1820, p. 255. The 
rook, not the carrion crow, is here meant, for the latter 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 249 

do not assemble in masses as is the custom with the 
Crib. — A manger, or feeding trough in a stable or cow -shed. 
There is a Danish proverb ^ Rest skal gaae til krybben, 
ikke krybbcn til hest." That is "The horse must go 
to the crib, not the crib to the horse.'* 

Crookled (i). — ^The following nursery rhyme is worth 
preserving in conne£lion with this word : — 

"There was a crookled woman, and she walkM a 

crookled mile, 
She fun a crookled sixpence, aeean a crookled stile; 
She bowt a crookled cat, an it catch'd a crookled 

An they all lev' togither i' a little crookled house." 

Dash. — This word, I am informed by a friend, signifies the 
" dash " of the old-fashioned upright churn, called the 
"dash" churn, and that it cannot properly be applied to 
the barrel-churn or other forms which have a revolving 

Dog Daisy. — This certainly means the common daisy at 
Willoughton, Kirton-in-Lindsey, Northorpe, Bottesford, 
and many other places. I am informed, however, that 
in some places in the more northern part of the Wapen- 
take of Manley it signifies the Ox-eye. Chrysanthemum 

Drill on. — May 28, 1712.^ "In our return we waited ou 

my Lord Archbishop of York Thence they drilled 

me on to the Physic-garden, at Chelsea, where their 
le£tures on the exotic plants were amusing. 7)iary of 
Ralph Thoresby^ Vol. II., p. 104. 

Eldin. — 1597. "That every householder doe sufficiently 
provide for theire eldinge for theire provision betwixt 
May day and Martinmasse, in paine of vii. viii^ 
Regulations of the tManor ofScawby. MS, 

Ess Hook. — An iron hook or link shaped something like 
the letter S used for repairing chains in a temporary 

Flash. — In Cheshire, from settlements of the land, caused 
by salt-works "in some places large lakes, called flashes 
are formed, some of them more than 200 acres in area, 
and gradually extending." Dublin R/>iev^ April, 1889, 


i^o Lincolnshire Notes S? Queries. 

Flit. — "Cakmity*s a roamer still abroad with restless 
flitting." Charles G. Prowett, Prometheus Bound^ 
1846, p. 15. 
Folly. — ^There are enclosures at Clifton Reynes, Bucking- 
hamshire, called Folly Closes, and there is a Hancombes 
Folly at Newport Pagnel. Records of Bucl^nghamshire^ 
Vol. VI., p. 413. 
A building called Barber's Folly stands in a field in the 
parish of Ashmore, co. Dorset. E. W. Watson's 
Ashmore^ A History of the Paris hy p. 19. 
Southey mentions a Carr's Folly, near Saint Helen's. 

Common Place Boo(y Vol. IV., p. 423. 
The term extends beyond the limits of Britain. In 
La Vendee "On the top of the Hoe's-back there stands 
a lofty solitary tower. This is called Graf&rt's Folly 
— La Folie de Grafikrt. It appeared that a certain 
M. Graflart was a lawyer of some small town, perhaps 
Les Herbiers. He made money, bought land on this 
Hog's-back, and being fond of fine scenery, built this 
tower. From its summit the whole circuit of Vendee 

is visible whenever I asked anyone about it, 

there was always a mocking tone in the reply 'Oh! 
that is Graffart's Folly ! ' " George T. Lowth, fVanderings 
in Western France^ 1863, p. 217. 
Footing (4). — "If my fortune 

Run such a crooked by-way as to wrest 
My steps to ruin, yet thy learned precepts 
Shall call me back and set my footings straight." 
Ford, The Broken Hearty Ad I., Sc. III. 
Fur (4). — ^James Grahame, one of Scotland's minor poets, 
speaks of fi'ost : — 

"Fixing the plough-share in the unfinished fiir." 
Birds of Scotland^ mth other ToemSy 1806, p. 129. 
Gablock, Gavelock. — ^Jocelin de Brakelonde, the Saint 
Edmundsbury Chronicler, used the word in 11 83, with 
him it meant a Scottish pike. In detailing; a conversation 
with the monks of Woolpet, he describes how on a 
journey to Rome during the time of the Anti-pope 
06bivian, called by his adherents Vidor IV., he escaped 
injury from the adherents of the Anti-pope, *'Ego vero 
simulavi me esse Scottum, et Scotti habitum induens, 
et gestum Scotti habens, saepe illis qui mihi illudebant 
baculum meum excussi, ad modum teli quod vocatur 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 45 1 

gaveloc, de mori Scottorum voces comminatorias 
proferens.'* MemariaU of St, Edmumfs Jbhey^ cd. 
Tho. Arnold, (Rolls Series) Vol. I., p. 252. 

Gruei.. — ^To feed with gruel. "I thowt she was sure to 
dee as soon as she'd lambed, but I ^gruellM ' her well, 
an' gev her sum lodlum to null th' paan an' noo she's 
cumM roond as niste as owt." Bottesford^ 14 March, 

Gyme. — Near the bank of the Trent between Morton and 
Walkerith, there are some ponds known as "gymes." 
They have probably been excavated by the rushing 
water some time when the bank of the river has 

Habftsd. — ^Accustomed. "He's habited his sen to tekkin' 
dodor's stuff while he's clear wore oot his i'side." 

Head, Queen's. — Penny postage-stamps are still frequently 
called "heads," the other kinds seem always to go by 
the name of stamps as a "an hap'ny stamp" a "sixpenny 
stamp." The stamps used for letters within the Postal 
Union, price 2^d. are called American stamps, because 
nearly all the foreign letters written by the poor go to 
that continent. 

Hobnail. — A loutish rustic. "He was sarvant chap to 
Dook's up of Blyton Car, an' a real hobnail as ivver 
onnybody seed." Vide ante sub voce^ "Coul-rake." 

Horse-laugh. — A loud, vulgar "ungenteel" laugh. Perhaps 
laughter like that of a Tatter-foal (q.v.) as I have 
heard that at Ruhla in Germany, the puck-like Goblin 
who annoys wayfarers, and makes merry at their 
discomfiture, known as the Bieresel, takes the form of 
an ass, and children are told when they laugh too loudly 
that "You laugh like a Bieresel." 
*' Whoever will look into the Eulogia Jesuitarum will find 
how these cursed spirits took all opportunities of treating 
the holy men with derision, scoffs, taunts, horselaughs \ 
and how all turned to a good account in raising the 
charader of the Jesuits." Bishop Lavington's Enthusiasm 
of tMethodists and Papists considered^ ed. 1820, p. 208. 

Hug. — At one of the ferries across the Trent, passengers 
had sometimes to be carried to the boat at low tide. 
The ferryman used to ask women, "Noo mum, will ta 
be hugged or pagged ? " That is will you be carried in 
the arms or on the back. 


452 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Illke. — Alike. "They're good to nowt, all illilce as 
rotten as pears,** said of potatoes. Sus^orth^ 1889. 

Jug, The. — A prison, more especially the now disused 
prison of Kirton-in-Lindsey. Cf. Notes i^ ^erieSy 
VII. Series, Vol. IX., p. 88. 

Bottesford Manor. Edward Peacock. 

{To be continued.) 

183. Grantham Whetstones. — Ralph Thoresby, the 
learned and pious Leeds Antiquary, notes in his Diary, under 
21 February, 1683, ^^^ Grantham "is chiefly noted by 
travellers for a peculiar sort of thin cake, called Grantham 
Whetstones." Diary, 1 677-1 724, Edited by Rev. Joseph 
Hunter, F.S.A,, vol. I., p. 155. Are Grantham Whetstones 
known at the present day ? 

N. M. & A. 

1 84. A Lost Lamb. — TAr (Swansea) Cambrian^ April, 1 808, 
observes: "A lamb, which had lost its dam, has been reared on 
a farm near Swansea in the following manner, which we 
imderstand is frequently pra£Used in Lincolnshire: — The skin 
of a lamb which had died soon after being yeaned, was taken 
oiF, and the other lamb carefully sewn up in it ; the ewe took 
to it immediately, and continues to suckle it with as much 
fondness as if it had been her own." Is this so ? 

Llanelly. Arthur Mee. 


1 85. Till-Bridge Lane (Vol. II.,p. 6 1 ). — The reason why 
the Roman Road via Littleborough starts four miles to the 
north, instead of direct from Lincoln is, I suppose, because it 
was in order to avoid as much as possible the low-lying ground 
which is fen land, and which in winter would formerly have 
been almost a lake. 

W. N. W. 

186. The Family of Eland (Ealand, Eyland) of 
Lincolnshire (Vol. II., pp. 117, 188). — In reference to 
G.M.'s note on the above, can it be shown that the Elands of 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 253 

Algarthorpe, Notts., ever became conneded with Lincolnshire ? 
They came from the same stock as the Elands of Lincolnshire, 
namely from the Elands of Eland, Yorkshire, the Algarthorpe 
branch originating with the Sir William de Eland mentioned 
by G.M., who was a younger son of Sir Hugh de Eland of 
Eland (some accounts say son-in-law, husband of Sir Hugh's 
daughter Margaret, and taking the name of his wife's family 
after his marriage) ; but this branch expired with Mary, daughter 
and heir of Thomas Eland, of Algarthorpe, who about 1500 
carried the Algarthorpe and Peverel estates to the Revells on 
her marriage with Rowland Revell, who died the 8th November, 

That the Elands held property in Lincolnshire at an early 

date we learn from the mention in pedigrees of the family of 

Thomas Eland, of Raithby, near Louth, who in 1362 inherited 

his paternal estates of Carlinghow and Brighouse, Yorkshire. 

And in the Will of Thomas Eland, of Carlinghow and 

Brighouse, the then head of the family, who died in 1444, he 

appoints John Eland, of Raithby, his executor. This John 

Eland may possibly have been the same who died in 1463, and 

whose slao is in Baumber Church. 

The Raithby property must at some subsequent period 
have reverted to the Elands of Carlinghow and Brighouse, 
and only passed out of the family on the death of Robert 
Eland, of Carlinghow and Brighouse, as we find by the 
following: — "Inquisition P.M. held at Spillesby, Lincolnshire, 
14 Henry VIIL, of Robert Eland, Esq. (Lands at Raithby, 
etc.) The Jury say that Robert Eland died 20th September, 
13th Henry VIIL, and that the lands held by the said Robert 
Eland were inherited by Elizabeth Sandon, wife of William 
Sandon, and Johanna Lyndsey, wife of Robert Lyndsey, as 
heirs of the aforesaid Robert, /.^., daughters of Elizabeth 
Fulnetby, formerly wife of John Fulnetby, aunte of the afore- 
said Robert Eland, Esq., and that William Tyrwhit, Miles j 
William Mirfield, Miles; John Savile, Miles; and John 
Fulnetby, were seized of land for the use the said Robert and 
Elizabeth his wife, remainder to the heirs of Robert Eland, 

Although it will thus be seen that the family for long held 
property in the County, it would not appear that any branch 
of importance settled permanently in Lincolnshire previous to 
the last of the Heralds' Visitations, as no mention is made of 
such in these records. Brian Eland, of Carlton-by-Snaith, 


254 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries^ 

Yorkshire, however, about 157-, after his marriage with the 
daughter and heir of Francis Calcraft (as mentioned in October 
issue), seems to have resided chiefly at Cawkwell, near Horn- 
castle, and from him are probably descended most of the 
present Lincolnshire Elands, regarding whom any further 
information will be gladly welcomed. r t F A>r 

187. Tom Otter (Vol II., p. 182). — ^There is a pamphlet, 
probably printed in 1806, containing a report of this man's 
trial. It was printed by John Drury, of Lincoln, and entitled : — 

"The Remarkable Trial of Thomas Otter other- 
wise called Thomas Temporell, Labourer. Who was 
executed on Lincoln Gallows, on Friday the 14th 
of March, 1806, and afterwards hung in Chains on 
Saxilby Moor, for the barbarous and cruel murder 
of Mary Kirkham, Late of North Hykeham, near 
Lincoln. Nineteen Witnesses appeared against the 
Prisoner: and he was traced from the Village of 
Hykeham, where he married the woman to verynear 
the Spot where he committed the dreadftil Deed. 
The wretched Sinner married the young Woman on 
Sundav Morning, November 3, 1805, and perpetrated 
the bloody Murder on the Evening of the same 
Day. Lincoln: Printed and Sold by John Drury, 
near the Stone-Bow." 34 pp., sm. 8vo. 

£• L. G* 

188. FosDYKE Bridge (Vol. II., p. 185). — Kinderley, in 
his Book on The Ancient and Vresent State of the Nctpigation 
of the Towns of Lyn^ Wisbeach^ Spalding^ and Boston, is^r., 
(Second Edition. London: 1751. Page 81) speaks of there 
being a road at low-water across the Wash at Fosdyke, and 
this was no doubt the only way for travellers to cross the 
Welland at this point, until the beginning of the present 
century. The Royal assent was given to an A £1 for ereding 
a Bridge over the Welland at Fosdyke, 14th May, i8n, and 
the Bridge and Approaches were completed in 1815; it was 
built of whole trees of English oak, fully 18 inches in diameter, 
and the centre span had a double draw-bridge for the passage 
of high masted vessels. See Saunder's History of the County of 
Lincoln^ 2 vok., 1833, ^^^ Marrat's Lincoln. 

C. J. c. 

J 89. 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 255 

189. Human Remains at Owston (Vol. II., p. 209). — 
The remains have obviously been deposited in an old charnel 
house, attached to Owston Church. A similar colle£Bon of 
Crania without long bones existed at Hythe, in Kent, and was 
described by the late Robert Knox, M.D., in the journal of 
the Ethnological Society, in i86i. I learn from the late 
assistant curator. Dr. Carter Blake, that some of these skulls 
are very abnormal. It is generally believed these skulk 
were coUeded in the Kentish Hills, and as so many of them 
are either fradured or pierced, they probably are those of 
persons killed in battle. 

Tom Robinson, M.D. 

190. The Wreck of the " Betsey " on the Lincoln- 
shire Coast in 1767 (Vol. IL, p. 218). — The following 
information as to this lamentable and memorable wreck, is 
taken from copies of the London Chronicle^ on the dates named 
of that year : — 

Monday^ "Jan 12. — ^''A letter from Thorp Hall, in Lincoln- 
shire, dated Jan 5, says: the Betsey of Leith was lost on 
Saturday the 3rd inst., near the Humber mouth, in a violent 
gale of wind, 26 passengers and crew are lost. Brigadier 
General John Hamilton and Lieut. Crawford of the navy, and 
one Mr. Lafsley, are among the dead. Only one seaman 
saved out of 14. There are three more vessels lost, but 
cannot get their names \ one from the Baltic foundered, and it 
is believed the whole crew perished, and many are drowned 
out of the other two.** 

Tuesday^ Jan, 27. — "The last accounts from Lincolnshire 
with respea to the loss of the ship Betsey of Leith, continue 
so general that the particulars of that loss are not yet known. 
They confirm that John Hamilton, Esq., late brigadier general 
in the service of Portugal, is among the number that perished, 
as is Lieut. Boyce of the Royal Navy, and the master and 
mate. We are told that a considerable sum of money in 
specie was on board, which it is to be feared will be lost to the 
owners, as great ravages have already been made by the country 
people in the neighbourhood, who it is said came down in 
numbers, broke open the chests and forcibly carried ofF the 
ef{e£b saved from the wreck." 

The reports in the newspapers show that bearing N.£. gales 
existed for some days early in January, also great flood tides 


256 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

being at stream, and that there were many wrecks and much 
damage done along the coast between the Firth of Forth and 
SufFoIk. The storms were followed or accompanied with great 
snowstorms, as the snow is recorded as being of great depth in 
certain neighbourhoods. Then on Sept. 24, nearlv nine 
months after the wreck, the ChronicU contains the following 
announcement : — 

"The magistrates of Edinburgh have presented Josiah 
Corthine, Esq., coUedor of the customs at Hull, with the 
freedom of that city, and it has been transmitted to him by 
the underwriters, there enclosed in a silver box with the City 
arms engraved thereon, as a public mark of their esteem and 
of their approbation of his conduA during his residence in 
Scotland, and in particular as a testimony of their gratitude for 
the efFedive assistance he oiFered in saving the cargo of the 
ship Betsey, capt. Thomson, which was stranded on the coast 
of Lincolnshire last January, and for his singular humanity to 
the ships crew and passengers on that melancholy occasion." 

87, Albany Street^ Hull. John Suddaby. 

The following extract, which I made three or four years ago, 
from the Bishop^s Transcripts of Parish Registers, supplies the 
part illegible in the North Cotes Register. 

"North Cotes. 1767. Burials. Crawford Boyce Esq. 
of Cowper in Fife Shire, North Britain, and a 
Lieutenant of his Majesties Navy. One of the 
unfortunate Persons who Perish'd (after great exertion 
to save other Peoples Lives) on the third Day of the 
Month of January, together with nine others, 1.^., 
seven Men and two Women, Names and places of 
above unknown, all buried January y* 7***. 
"The Honourable John Hamilton a Brigadier General of 
his Portugeeze Majesties Armies and Commander of 
the Royal Regiment of Braganza Cavalry, who was 
a Passenger in the Ship Betsey of Leith bound to 
London, but cast upon the North Cotes Sands the 
third of January, at which Time he perished with 
the afore mention 'd Persons, and was Buried January 
y® 8^, but his Body has, since, been taken up, and 
remov'd to Louth Church. 

John Searle, Curate of North Cotes.** 

Lincoln, A. Gibbons. 

End of Vol. II. 





Aaiok, the Jew, of Liocolo, 109 
Abbey Gni^E, George Sindenoii of, 74. 
AdaiD), William, Tjdd S. Muy, 7. 
Addlethorpe, RoodKreen at, {6, 91, 
Addington, Jolio Savile of; 134. 
"Ager," North Lima, word, 146. 
Alnby, Muor of, I6. 
Alford, Chriitopher Skegncu of, I06. 
„ John HopkiuoD of, 39. 
„ RoodKTCcn It, 91. 
„ Silver Token of, ijo. 
Algarkirli, Edward Hopkio* of; 39. 
„ Robert WorDit of, log. 

„ Williim Graivei 0^ jS. 

Allan, Earl, Ooiberton, 114. 
Allen, Timothy, Hundleby, 7. 
Alleya, Berkley, Wiltford, 7. 

„ Richard, Skillington, 7. 
AUiogtOD, John Martm of; iji. 
Alliaon, George, Corp., 14a. 
Altu- to S. Hugh of LlacolD, I79. 
Althorpe, Roodtcreen at, 91. 
AlTiDghaJn, Aothoay Palmer of, 73. 
„ Banuby Gooche of, jt. 

„ Stepbeo Walpole of, log. 

Ambler, William of Spaldiog, 109, 
Amcotti, Vincznt, Langton, 7. 
„ William, Ailrop, 7. 
" Among-handi." N. Lina. word, 147. 
Amwyke, Minor of, 141. 
Ancaiter, Henry Gedoey of, jg, 1 36. 

„ Inq. taken at, iia. 
Ancient Tombt at Wigtoft, 115, 
" Anden." Holdemeo word, igo. 
Andemn, Edmund, Broughton, 7. 
„ Robert, Caittaorpc, 7. 
„ Thomaa, Caitlethorpe, 6g. 
Auell, Ed., Gotberton, g. 
Anthropology of Liocolnibire, 103. 
Anwidc, William Tbompaon of, 106. 
Aply, John Creawell of, 10. 
„ WilliuD Luna 0^ 133. 

Appleyird, Jolin,Ulceby, 7. 
„ John, Lt., 140, 
„ Thonuu, £ait Hallon, 7, 
„ Thomai, Ulceby, 136. 

Appulby, Robert de Lincoln, 13 7, 

Archer, Alei., Welton, g. 

„ John, Great Ponton, 7. 

Armme. Sir Wm., Oigodby, 7. 

Armorial Carring at Coleby, g5. 

Armi of Welby, lUiai^ 193. 

„ anCrDHinTetfordChurchy«rd,iI9, 

Annited, Thoi., Obthorpe, g. 

Armttrong, Ed., Corby, 7, 

Armyn, Bartholomew, Oigardby, 13a. 

Aagarby, Manor of, 14^ 

Aihby-de-la-Launde Brau, 47, 

n Laund Rich., King of, 40, 

Aaht^ Hill, CoL Ed. King oi; 48. 

Aahby, next Partney and AdfowMn, Muur 

„ TTiuiam rarKyiv oi, 7; 
Aihe, Hearr, Wybertoa, 7. 
Aihfield, John, Caythorpe, 7. 
Aihton, George, Minting, 7. 

Jamei, Long Snti 


Adie, Robert, 196. 

Aaicrby, John, SalUleetby, 7. 

jtiudaiii jtrciittaiiral SoeM^ Hf^, 

1889, 158. 
Aatrop, William Amcom of, 7. 
Aawardby, Manor of, 141. 

„ Roodicreen at, 9a. 
'' Attramitei," Obulete Word, g6. 
Auboura, Nerile Family of, I J2. 
Auniby, John Colthunt of, lo. 
Auitin, Richard, Reflor of Weat Deeping, 


Aytcough, Anne, loi. 



Ayicottgh, Sir Francis of^ Sullingborough, 

' 102. 
AyAoughy John, Fulstow, 7. 
„ ^ ■ John, Thornton, 7. 
^ ^ Thot., South Thoretby, 8. 
„ ' Thoi., Towea, 8. 
Ayttrop^ Thof., Kirton, 8. 

" Baccsiob," N. Lines, word, 247. 
Bag Enderby, Andrew Gedney of, 132. 

„ Charles Newcomen of, 137. 

Bagshaw, Chas., Bourn, 8. 
Balder, James, Sutton, 133. 
Baldwer, James, Sutton, 8. 
Baldwin, Peter, Winterton, 8. 
Balgry, John, Stamford, 8. 
Ballad of Winceby Fight, 164.3, 115. 
Ballet, Wm., Woolsthorpe, 8. 
Bamburgh, Manor of, 142. 
Bandrick, Thos., Ens., 141. 
Barber, Robt., Ruskington, 8. 
„ Robert of Wellsforth, 132. 

„ Thomas, Dembleby, 134. 
Bardesly, Jas., Little Gonerby, 8. 
Barholm, Francis Fordham of, 38. 

„ Richnrd Burneby of, 9. 

„ William Bumabv of, 136. 
Barker, Edward, Tealby, 8. 

„ Thos., Steeping Great, 8. 

„ William, Uffington, 134. 
Barkston, Thomas Bunworth of^ 136. 

„ Remains of Screens at, 91. 
Barkworth, West Manor of, 78. 
Barley Bread and Wheat Cake, 233. 
Barlings Abbey, OUat^ 97. 

„ Thos. BetU of, 8. 
Bamaby, Anthony, Haxey, Token of, 228. 

„ on Witham, Manor of, 204. 
Bamack, Monumental Inscription at, 49. 
Barnard, John, Caistor, 8. 
Barnes, Robt., Grimsby, 8. 
Barnetby, Thomas Lenyng of, 71. 

„ William Kelk of, 40. 
Bamewell, Francis, Stamford, 136. 
Bamoldby-le-Beck, Marshall Shaw of, 240. 
Baron, Peter, Boston, 8. 
Barrow, John Jon of, 132. 
Barrow-on-Humber, Roodscreen at, 92. 

„ Token of, 227. 

Barrowby, George Wvatt of, 132. 
y, Thomas Hurst of, 137. 
„ William Hunt of, 39. 
Barton-on-Humber, Dymoke Family, 87. 
„ Edward Midlemore of^ 

Hy. Sandwith of, 74. 

JoweU HaU, 145. 

Koodscreen at, 92. 



Barton-on-Hnmber, S. Mary's Church, 85. 

Tennyson of, 86. 
Thos. Godsalve of, 38. 
Thos. Tripp of, 107. 
Basset, John, Keal, 8. 
Bassingthorpe, Thos. Coney of, 134. 
Baston, Epiuph of Mary Stanger, 70. 

„ Epitaph of Rbt Bonner, 70. 

„ John Harbottle of, 39. 
Bateman, Thomas, Raithby, 9. 
Battle Church, Inscription at, 69. 
Baude, Charles, Somerby, 136. 
Baumber Church, Eland Slab at, 188. 

„ Roodscreen at, 91. 
Bawde, Maurice, Somerby, 8. 
Bay ley, John, Normanby, 133. 
" Bed," North Lines. Word, 67. 
Beck, John, Lincoln, 1 36. 
Beckwith, Thos., Lincolnshire Pedigrees, 

Beecham Family, 85, 12 1. 
Beelsby, Thomas Moryson of, 72. 
Beetson, Thomas, Swarby, 1 32. 
Beevor, Robert, Longtoft, 134. 
Belch worth, Richard Leach of, 133. 
Beliston, near Moulton, 84. 
Bello&go, William de, of Lincoln, no. 
Bellwood, Henry Vavasour oi, 107. 
Belton, Nathaniel Brownlow o^ 9. 

„ Robert Riley of, 74. 
Bennington, John Field of, 132. 

„ Richard Friskney of« 38. 

„ Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 

„ Wm. Heneage of, 133. 

Benniworth, Roodscreen at, 90, 9 1. 
Benskin, John, Brough, 9. 
Benson, Clement, N. Kelsey, 8. 

„ Robert, Vicar of Heckington, 51. 
Beresford, Christopher, Leadenham, 8, 134. 
Berkeley, Laurence, 2. 
Berling Grange, Geo. Caldecot of, 9. 
Bernard, Richard, The Writings o^ by 

John I. Dredge, 62. 
Bestow, Nicholas, Holton-le-Moor, 8. 
Betts, Thos., Barlings, 8. 
Beverley, Ed., Cherry Willingham, 8. 
Bicker, Edward Jackson of, 137. 

„ John Jackson of, 40. 

„ Manor of^ 142. 
Billcliff, Jos., Usselbv, 8. 
Bilclyffe, Thomas, Thorganby, 136. 
Billingboroogh, Richard Toller of^ Z07. 
Billinghay, Manor of, 142. 

„ Roodscreens at, 56, 91. 
Bilsby, Philip Hastings of, 39. 

„ Robert Williamson of, 108. 
Binbrook, Thomas Micklethwaite of, 72. 
Bingham, Wm^ Market Stainton, 8. 




Birch, Thomas, Redor of S. Thoretby, 69. 
Birlchill, John, Garthorpe, 8. 
Biscathorpe, John Bolley of, 8. 
Bishop's Chair in Lincoln Cathedral 

///tftf., X29. 
Bishop, Thos., Hemswell, 8. 
Bitchfield, Anthony Groom of, 38. 
Black, Richard, Roppesly, 132. 
^ Blacksmith's Daughter," N. Lines, word, 

Blanchard, William, Tetford, 8. 
Blaancherde, John« Louth, 133. 
Bloxholm, Richard Thompson of, 106. 
Blozholme, Thomas Marshall of, 71. 
Blundeston, Wm., West Keal, 8. 
Blythe, Wm^ Strozton, 8. 
Blyton, John Columball of, 10. 
Bogg, Giles, Sutterton, 132. 
Bolingbroke, Richnrd Bryan of, 9. 
„ Robert Bryad of^ 9. 

„ Thomas Chamberlain of^ xo. 

„ Token of, 227. 

Bolle, Edward, Thorpe, 136. 
BoUes, $tr John, Scampton, 8. 
Bolley, Sir Charles, Haugh, 8. 

„ John Biscathorpe, 8. 
Bolls, iCichard, 57. 
Bolt, John, Edlington, 9. 
Bolyngton, House of Blessed Virgia Mary 

of, 141. 
Bonby, Anthony Meres of, 71. 

„ £d. Skeame of, 133. 
Bonner, Robert, Epitaph of, 70. 
Booky, Francis, Temple Brewer, 9. 
Boole, Thos., Navenby, Token of, 228. 
Booth, Henry, Goxhill, 8. 
„ Holcroft, Sleaford, 8. 
„ John, East Halton, 8. 
„ John, Wootton, 8. 
„ of Killingholme, 8, 116, 151. 
Boothby, James Ironmonger of, 40. 

„ Trancis Thompson of, 106, 131. 
„ Thomas Harrington of, 39. 
Boston, Adlard Stukeley of, 106. 
„ Alexander Harison of, 39. 
„ Christopher Hart o£^ 39. 
Francis Empsoa of, 37. 
Frances Vaughan of, 107. 
George Smith of, 106. 
George Thorold of, 107. 

}ohn Burton oi, 9. 
ohn Gawdrie of, 132. 


„ "Vohn Hobson of, 39. 
„ Militia at, 1690, 140. 

Peter Baron of^ 8. 

Peter Vaadeleur of, 107. 

Petition from, 202. 
I, Rftlph Markham of, 71, 



Boston, Remains of Screen at, 91. 

„ Richard Bowles of, 134. 

„ Richard Draper of, 37, 132. 

„ Richard Riley of, 74. 

„ Scrope Snoden of, 106. 

„ Thomas Houghton of, 39. 

„ Thomas Margery ot^ 132. 

„ Thomas Orsbie of, 132. 

„ Thos. Thory oi^ 107. 

„ William Lockton of, 71. 

„ William Medlicot of^ 71. 

„ William Tindall of; 132. 
Bottesford, Francis Bowyer oiy 9. 

„ Marmaduke Constable o( xo. 
Boucher Family, 25, 90. 
Bounde, Richard, Louth, 8. 
Bourn, Chas. Bagshaw of, 8. 

„ William Sharp of, 105. 

„ William Trollop of; 107, 
Bowks, Richard, Boston, 134. 
Bowyer, Francis, Bottesford, 9. 
Boyne, William, Work oh Trade Tokau, 

e£ted by G. C. ffnilianuoa, 222. 
Bradley, John, Louth, 9. 
Brandon, Eliz., Inq. P. M. on, 79. 

„ John Burdett of, 9. 
Brass at Ashby-de-la-Launde, 47. 
Braytoft, Leonard Ithell of, 40. 

„ Manor of, 142. 

„ Richard Ithell of, 40. 
Bratoft, Roodsereen at, 56, 91. 

„ William Loundes of, 71. 
** Breeze," N. Lines, word, 247. 
Brewes Pedigree, 17. 

„ Wm., Inq. P. M., 1490, 16. 
Brewster, Thomas, Burwell, 9, 
" Brief," N. Lines. Word, 67, 
Brigesley, Manor of, 16. 
Brigg, Edward Nelthorpe of, 72. 

„ Robert Hungate of, 39. 
Briggs, Thomas, Scremby, 9. 
Brigham, Wm., Market Stainton, 9. 
Brighouse, Wm., Cole by, 9. 
Brimston, Edmund, Moulton, it2. 
Brocklesby, Sir Wm. Pelham of, 73. 
Brough, John Benskin of, 9. 
Broughton, Edmund Anderson of; 7, 
„ William Garnon of, 38. 
Brown, Edmund, Stamford, 9, 

„ Leonard, Pinchbeck, 9. 

„ Nicholas, Holton-on-Bain, 9. 

„ Sir Valentme, Crof^ 9. 

„ William, Gainsborough, 9. 
Brownlow, Nathaniel, Belton, 9. 

„ Sir William, Great Humby, 
9, 136. 
" Brown Titus," N, Lines, word, 247. 
Broxholme, Edward, Lincoln, 9. 






Broxholzne, Edward, Nettleham, 9. 

Edward, Stixwold, 9. 

John, Lincoln, 9. 

John, Oxby, 134. 

Richard, North Kelsey and 
Grimsby, 9. 
Bnigh, WiUiam, Homcastle, 9. 
Bruyn, Sir Maurice, 79. 
Bryan, Richard, Bolingbrook, 9. 

„ Robert, Bolingbroke, 9. 
Buck, Peregrine, Sytton, 9. 
Bugle and Tityriea, Societies of the, 1623, 

Bullingham, Bishop Nicholas, Family 

Register of, 98. 
Bullington, Robert Metham of, 7 1. 
Burdett, John, Brandon, 9. 
^ Burgage," N. Lines, word, 247. 
Burgess, John, Creeton, 9. 
Bunwortn, Thomas, BarJceston, 136. 
Burgh, Adrian, Q.M., 140. 

George Craycroft of, 10. 

iohn, Kirton and Grimsby, 9. 
lanor of, 142. 
Peter, 49. 

Roodscreen at, 91, 92. 
Simon Wolbie of, 133. 
Token of, 227. 
Sir Thomas, 181, 205. 
Burgh-in-the-Marsh, Christopher Palmer 

of, 73. 
Richard Maxey of 

Wm. Mussenden of, 
Bnrkill, John, Garthorp, 9. 
Burleigh, John Wildbore of, 138. 
Bumaby, William Barholm, 9, 136. 
** Burr," N. Lines, word, 247. 
Burrell, John, Dowsby, 9. 
Burringham, George Healey of, 1 37. 

„ Thos. Healey of, 39. 

Burton, by Lincoln, Christopher Rands o^ 

Burton Coggles, Edward Heron of, 39. 

„ John Meredith of, 71. 

Burton, John, Boston, 9. 

„ Pedwardme, Wm. York of^ 138. 

„ Robert Cholmley of, 132. 
Burton upon Stather, Token of, 227. 
Burwell, Richard Reynald of, 74. 

„ Thos. Brewster of, 9. 
Bury Family, 84. 

Bury, William, Grantham, 9, 136. 
** Busk," N. Lines, word, 247. 
Bussi and Le Poer, 45. 
Bussy Psalter, MS., XV. Cent., Jllust^ I. 

^ FamUy of, 2, 3. 






Bussei, Ricardus de la, 45. 
Butler, Anthony, Coates by Stow, 9. 
Butterwick, Edmund Longbotham of, 7I« 
Byron, John, Capt., I4I. 

Cabornk, Thos., Saltfleetby, 9. 
Cadeby, Richard Clipsham o£^ lo. 
Cadney, Alexander Emerson o£^ 37. 
„ Robert Pye of^ 73. 
„ Roodscreen at, 91. 
Caistor, Edward Maddison of, 133. 
Francis Whetstone of, 108. 
Hustwayte Wright of, lo8. 
John Barnard of, 8. 
„ John Wyckham of, 108. 
„ Militia at, 1 697, 140. 
„ Ousteby Brass at, t8. 
„ Thomas Marshall of, 137. 
„ John, Market Rasen, 133. 
Caius, dollege, Camb., Inscription at, 69, 
Caldecot George, Berling Grange, 9. 
Callis, Wm., of Little Hall, 132. 
Calthorpe, Robert, Holbeach, 240. 
Calverley, John, Gosberton, 9. 
Cammock, Robert, of Sleaford, 132. 
Candlesby, Francis Law of, 40. 
Cannon, Robert, Dean of Lincoln, 69. 
Canterbury Cathedral, Inscription at, 69. 
Cantilupe Charter, 1360, Witnesses of, 75. 

„ Lady Joan de, 74. 
Capland, Robert, HatdifFe, 9. 
Careby, John Hatcher of, 39. 

„ Thomas Hatcher of, 39. 
Carlton, Great, Inq., P.M. at, 1490, 1 7. 
„ Little, Oliver Kennythorpe of, 1 3 3. 
„ Panell, Manor of, 79. 

Scroop, John Palmer of^ 73. 
Manor of, 1 13. 
Robert Palmer of, 73. 
Roodscreen at, 92. 
,, Wm. Jackson of, 239. 
South, Roodscreen at, 92. 
„ „ Sir John Monson of, 72. 

Carr Dyke, The, 61. 
„ Robert, Gedney, 132. 
„ Sir Robert, Sleaford, 9, 1 3 1. 
Carrington, Arthur, Ens., 14I. 
Carter, John, Coningsby, 10. 
Cartwright, Family of, 1 1 6. 
Casterton, Richard de, 216. 
Casthorpe, Robert Anderson of, 7. 
Castle Acre Priory, 28. 
Castle Bytham, Richard Stacy of, I06. 
Catalogue of Lincolnshire Wells, 209. 
Cater, John, Langton by Wragby, 10. 
*' Cat Jingles," N. Lines, word, 247. 
Cave, Norris, Grantham, lo. 
Cawdron, Richard, Sleaford, 136. 







Cawdron, Robert, Hale, 10. 
Cawthorpe, Wm., Lt, 140. 
Caythorpe, John Ashfield of, 7. 
Cecil, Davia, Stamford, 10. 

n William, Stamford, 10. 
Centenarian, A Lincolnshire, 135. 
Chair, Episcopal, in Lincoln Cathedral, 

//Art/., 129. 
Chamberlain, Ed., Pinchbeck, 10. 

„ Thos., Bolingbroke, lo. 

Chantry B.V.M., Gosberton, 114. 

„ of S. Peter, Lincoln Cathedral, 74. 
Chaplin, John, Tathwell, 136. 
Chapman, George, Kyme, Token of, 228. 
„ Thomas, Edlington, 10. 
„ Wm., Market Rasen, Token 

of, 228. 
Charter of Wainfleet, 1457, II. 
Charters at Gunby Hall, 74. 
Cheales, William, Hagworthingham, 136. 
Cherry Burton, Samuel Culverwell of, 10. 

„ Willingham, Ed. Beverley of, 8. 
Chesney, Robert de, 4th Bp. 01 Lincoln, 

Chester, Col., Transcripts of Lincolnshire 

Parish Registers, 241. 
Child, John, Harmston, 10. 
Children's Games, 145. 
Chippingdale, George and Sapcote Family, 

Cholmeley, John, Kirkby Underwood, 10. 
Cholmley, Robert, Burton, 132. 
** C Hook,* N. Lines, word, 247. 
Christmas Eve, Folk-Lore, 19. 
Christmastide, Folk-Lore, 19. 
Christopher, George, Heckington, 1 3 6. 

„ Thos., Lt., 141. 

Civil War in Lincolnshire, 201. 
Clarke, John, Searby, lo. 
Claxby, Isaac Johnson of, 40. 

„ John Wctherwick of, 133. 
Claxton, William, 113. 
Claypole, John Dickenson of, 1 36. 
„ Nathaniel Holt of, 1 37. 
„ Token of, 228. 
Clerke, Matthew, Creeton, 10. 
** Clinkers," N. Lines, word, 248. 
Clinton, Francis, Sturton-Parva, 10. 
Clipsham of Cad by. Pedigree of, 64. 
Clipsham, Richard, Cadeby, lo. 
Clizby, Wm. Fitzwilliam of, 37. 
" Clock," N. Lines, word, 248. 
*' Coach and Six," N. Lines, word, 248. 
Coates, Charles Dymock of, 132. 
Coates by Stow, Anthony Butler of, 9. 
„ Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 

" Cob-Hall," N. Lines, word, 248. 
Cockerington, Sir Gervas Scrope of, 74. 



Cockerington, Henry Scrope of, 74. 

„ (Sotttn), Roodscreen at, 56, 

Codyngton, Henry, Batelesford, 237. 
Coffins, Stone, Cockle Sheila in, 28. 
Cogdale, Richard, Flixborough, 10. 
Cogham, John, Haxey, L of Axholme, 10. 
Coke, Sir John, 57. 
Coldwe!l, William, Thorganby, lo. 
Cole by, John Fry of, 1 31, 
Coleby Hall, Armorial Carving at, 85. 
Coleby, Wm. Brighouse of, 9. 
„ William Kynde of, 40. 
„ William Lister of, 71. 
CoUingwood, Thos., Corby, Token of^ 228, 
Colthurst, John, Aunsby, 10. 
Columball, George, Gainsborough, 10. 

„ John, Blyton, lo. 

Compton, Surrey, Roodscreen at, 90. 
Coney Family, 1 536-1644, 118. 
Coney, Francis, Gedney, 10. 

Richard, Grantham, 10. 
Sir Sutton, North Stoke, 10. 
Thomas, Bassingthorpe, 134. 
William, Sturton-Parva, 10. 
William, Sutton S. Mary, 10. 
"Conger" — cucumber, 185. 
Coningsby, Clinton Whichcote of, 108. 
John Carter of, 10. 
Manor of, 14 1. 
Roodscreen at, 92. 
„ Token of, 228. 

"Conney-fogle," Obsolete word, 86, 121. 
Constable, Family of, West Rasen, 24. 
Marmaduke, Bottesford, 10. 
Sir Marmaduke^ 205. 
Michael, West Rasen, 23. 
„ Philip, West Rasen, 10. 
„ Sir Robert, West Rasen, 24, 
Conyers, Christopher, 17. 
Sir John, 15, 16. 
Richard, 16. 

William, Inq. P.M., 1490, 17. 
Cooke, Sir Anthony, Giddy Hall, 168. 

„ Robert, King at Arms, 167. 
Copledike, Francis, Harrington, 131. 

„ Thomas, Lusby, 133. 

Copledyke, Thomas, Harrington, xo. 
Copuldyke, John, 180. 
Corbet, Richard, Croft, 10. 
Corby, Ed. Armstrong of, 7. 

„ Token of, 228. 
Cordwaye, Thomas, Normanby, 10. 
Comwallis, Thomas, Lincoln, 10. 
Corringharo, remains of screen, 91. 
Cotes, John, Lincoln, 171. 

„ Manor of, 142. 
Cottam, George Skipworth of, 133. 









"Cotter," 87. 

" Coul-rak^" N. Lincf. word, 14S. 
** Country side," N. Lines, word, 24S. 
Coverdaill, Brian, Barrow-on-Humber, 

Token of, 227. 
Coze, Richard, Bp. of Ely, 103. 
"Craw," N. Lines, word, 148. 
Crayeroft, George, Burgh, 10. 
„ Robert, Westby, 10. 
Craeroft, Thos., Burgh, Token of, 227. 
Credlington, Rieh. Pell of, 132. 
Creeton, ]ohxi Burgess of, 9. 

„ Matthew Clerke of, 10. 
Cressy, Riehard, West Ravendale, 136. 
„ Thomas, Fulsby in Kirkby-on- 

Bain, 10. 
Cressy in Surfleet, Sir Edward Heron of, 39. 
Creswell, John, Apley, lo. 
" Crib," N. Lmes. word, 249. 
Croft, Manor of, 14.2. 

„ Riehard Corbet of, 10. 

„ Riehard Stevenson of, 106. 

„ Roodsereen at, 56, 9 1. 

„ Sir Valentine Browne of^ 9. 
** Croodle," N. Lines, word, 67. 
** Crookled,'* N. Lines, word, 249. 
•* Croup," N. Lines, word, 67. 
Crowland Abbey, 28. 

„ Ineised Slab at, 36. 

Croyland, William of, 36. 
Crozby, Vincent Sheffield of, I05. 
Crun, Maurice de, 193. 
** Cud," N. Lines, word, 67. 
Culverwell, Samuel, Cherry Burton, lo. 
Cumberland, Denison, 50. 
„ Richard, 49. 

Cumberworth, George, Vicar of Cottam, 2. 
„ John, 2. 

„ William Wooley of, 108. 

Curtis, Robert, Stamford, 50. 
Custom in the Isle of Axholme, 84. 
Cust, Sir Pury, Capt., I40. 

„ Riehard, Stamford, 1 36. 

„ Samuel, Haeconby, lo. 

D'Albini, Nigel de, 198. 
Dalderby, John Popple of, 1 33. 
„ Richard Kele of, 40. 
Dallyson, William, Greetwell, 37. 
Daniell, Harriet, 69. 
Darby, Thomas, Leake, 37. 
Darnell, John, Sutton, 37. 
Darrell, Marmaduke, Woodhouse and 

Gainsborough, 37. 
"Dash," N. Lines, word, 249. 
Davenport, George, Capt., 141. 
Davison, William, Weston, 132. 
Dawson, George, Temple Brewer, 37. 

Day, William, Gunby, 37. 
Dedication of a Church at Loath, 18 1. 
Deeping, Manor of, 113. 

„ West, remains of screen, 91. 
De Ligne, Sir Daniel, Harlaxton, 71. 
„ Erasmus, Harlaxton, 136. 
Dembleby, Sir Andrew Pell of, 73. 
„ Thomas Barber of, 134. 
Denton, Anthony Williams of, 138. 

„ Richard Williams of, I08. 

„ Roodsereen at, 92. 

n William Welby of, 108, 138. 
Dewick, Anthony, Winterton, 37. 
Dickenson, John, Claypole, 136. 
Digby, Roodsereen at, 56, 91. 
Dighton, Christopher, 103. 

„ Mrs. Joiee, of Gt. Sturton, xo2. 
Dinham, George, Stamford, 136. 
Disclaimers, 1634, 8, 9, lo, 37, 38, 39, 

4O1 7h 73^, 73» 74, 106, X07, 108. 
Disclaimers, 1666, 136, 137, 138. 
Disney, William, Norton Disney, 37, 
Dives, Sir Lewis, 35. 
Dobson, William of York, 50. 
Doddington, Manor of, 204. 
Doddington, Thos. Taylor of, 106. 
Doewood Grange, Francis Tooley of, 107. 
" Dog Daisy," N. Lines, word, 249. 
Dogdvke, Manor of, 142. 
" Doibles," Lines, word, 149. 
Dolby, William Llanden of, 71. 
Doleman, William, Uffingfon, 37. 
Donington, Wm. Harryman of, 132. 
Dorrington, Anthony Oldfield ot^ 137. 
„ Gilbert Standish of, X38. 

Doughty, Edmund, Worlaby, 37. 
Dowsby, John Burrell of, 9. 
Drake, John. Habrough on Humber, 37. 
Drant, John, Mawthorpe, 37. 
Draper, Riehard, Boston. 37, 132. 
" Drill on," N. Lines, word, 249. 
Drinkwater, Dan., Surfleet, Token of, 229. 
Dudley, John, Lord Lisle, 172. 
Dunham, Robert Grantham of^ 13Z. 
Dunholme, Sir Charles Hussey of, 39. 
Dunston, Sir Hamon Whichcote of^ 108. 
Dymoke, Charles, Capt., 141. 

„ Charles, Coates, 132. 

„ Charles, Col., 141. 

„ Charles, Scrivelsby, 37. 

„ Edward, Champion, Scrivelsby, 

„ Edward, Ens., 141. 

„ Edward, Kyme, 37. 

„ Edward, Lincoln, 37. 

„ Family, Barton-on-Humber, 87. 

„ John, Haltham-on-Bain, 37. 
Dyaart, Earl of Grantham, 14, 






Eablk, Sir Richard, Stragglethorpe, 37. 
Earrt HaU, Manor of, 86. 
Early Lincolnshire Imprints, 214. 
East Halton, Thos. Appleyard of, 7. 
Eastwood, Andrew, Roughton, 133. 
Eau, derivation of^ 188, 221. 

„ a Fen water course, 149. 
Edgson, John, of Stamford, 50. 
Edlington, John Bolt of^ 9. 
John Rolt of, 74. 
Thomas Chapman of^ lo. 
Thomas Tokyng of, 107. 
Edmond, Anthony, Sutton, 133. 
Edward II., Silver Groat of, 25. 
Eland, Family of, at Caloeby, 153. 

„ Family of, II7, 188, 252. 
**£ldin," N. Lines, word, 249. 
Elkington, Manor of, 142. 
Ellis, Edmund, Lincoln, 37. 
„ George, Wyham, 37. 
„ Thomas, Wyham, 133. 
Elmes, William, Sutton, 37. 
Elsham, Nicholas Smith of, 106. 
Elwes, Gervase, Gainsborough, 37. 
Ely, Thomas, Utterby, 37. 
Elys, Thomas, of Great Ponton, 61. 
Emerson, Alexander, Cadney, 37. 
Michael, Searby, 37. 
Michael, Lt., I41. 
Thomas, Grimsby, 136. 
„ Thos., Capt., 141. 
Empson, Francis, Boston, 37. 
Epworth, Manor of, 198. 

„ Richard Bernard of^ 6z. 
„ Screen at, 91. 
„ Silver Token of, 230. 
Eresby, John, Somcrcotes, 37. 
** Ess Hook," N. Lines, word, 149. 
Esterby, Leonard, Halton, 133. 
Estoft, John Estoft of, 37. 
Etheldreda, St., at West Halton 671, 1 7 6. 
Elton, Northants., Inscription at, 50. 
Eure, Ralph, Washingborough, 37. 
Evington, Maurice, Spalding, 37. 
Ewart, John, Bail in Lincoln, 37. 
Ewerby, Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 

Sir Richard Rothwell of, 1 38. 
Edward Rothwell of, 74. 




Faxrsclouch, John, Lincoln, 136. 
Faldingworth, Henry Lodington of, 7I. 

„ John Neville of, 72. 

„ Manor of, 142. 

^ Falling out," ranUnning, 186. 
Farforth, A Dream at, 235, 
Farlesthorpe, Leonard Purley of, 73. 
Farmery, George, Northorpe, 133. 
Farmery, John, Heapham, 37. 

Farthing, Henry, Q.M., 140. 
Faulding, John, 136. 
Fawne, Roger, Skendelby, 37. 
Fenton, Timothy Lucas of, 7 1. 
Field, John, Bennington, 132. 
„ Wm., Wilbcrton, 1 32. 
Filingham, Lawrence de, 193. 

„ Nicholas Saunderson of, 1 32. 
Fines for Assaults on Jews,! II. 
Fisher, Thomas, Gedney, 132. 
Fishtoft, Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 
Fiskerton, Francis Homsey of, 39. 
Fitche, Robert, Market Rasen, 37. 
Fitzwilliam, Charles, Capt., 141. 
Fit* WiUiam, Wm., Clixby, 37. 

„ Wm., Mablethorpe, 1 3 3. 

" Flash," N. Lines, word, 249. 
«* Flather," N. Lines, word, 68. 
Fleet, Richard Parke of, 73. 

„ William Palmer of, 73. 
Fletcher, Family of, 60. 
" Flit," N. Lines, word. 250. 
Flizborottgh, Richard Cogdale of, lO. 
Folkingham, Richard Wynne of, 27. 
„ Robert, Sleaford, 38. 

„ Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 

Folk-Lore, Christmas Eve, 19. 
Christmastide, 1 9. 
Goblins, Tatterfoals, 146. 
Lincolnshire, 41, 139. 
Marshland, 134, 214. 
Mid-Lincolnshire, I43, 233. 
Remedy for delirium tremeiU| 

"Folly," N. Lines, word, 280. 
Folneby, Vincent, Fonerby, 133. 
Fonerby, Vincent Folneby of, 1 3 3. 
*< Footing," N. Lines, word, 250. 
Fordham, Francis, Barholm, 38. 
Forthington, Manor of, 180. 
Fosdyke Bridge, 185, 220, 254. 
Foster, George, M.P. for Boston, 89. 
„ John, Holbeach, 38. 
„ W. E., Pariih Ckurch of ffTiafiode^ 

„ Thomas, Lincoln, 38. 
Frampton, Coin found at, 25. 
„ Manor of, 180. 
„ Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 
Francis, John, Capt., 14 1. 
Ffriday, Adam, ot Moulton, 237. 
Frieston, Anthony Sibsey of, 106. 

iohn Skinner of, 1 06. 
ianor of, 180. 
Robert, Thimbleby, 38. 
Friskney, Manor of, 142, loo. 

Richard, Bennington, 38. 
Roodscreen at, 91, 92. 









Friskney, Thomas Holland of, 39. 
Fry, John, of Coleby, 1 3 1. 
FoJnetby, Sir Ralph Maddyson of, 7 1. 
FuUby in Kirkby-on-Bain| Thot. CreMy 

of, 10. 
Fulstow, John Ayscoagh of, 7. 
" Fur," N. Lines, word, 150. 
Fylkyn, Richard, Langton, 38. 

*' Gablock, Gravelock," N. Lines, word, 

Gadburye, Margaret, 68. 
Gainsborough, Anthony Troute of, 138. 
Earls of, 147. 
Edmund Nicholson of, 72. 
Gervase Elwes of^ 37. 
John Columball of, lo. 
John Finder of, 73. 
Joseph Larke of, 40. 
Manor oi, 200. 
Richard Wynne of, 27. 
Robert Shadforth of, 133. 
Silver Token of, 231. 
Simon Patrick of, 73. 
Thos. Johnson of, 40. 
Wm. Browne of, 9. 
Sir Wm. Hickman of, 1 37. 
Wm. Lacy of, 40. 
Wi] lough by Hickman, 39. 
Galfridus of Wigtoft, 216. 
Gambling, John, Spalding, 132. 
Gamlyn, John, Spalding, 38. 
Gannock, Robert, Sibsey, 38. 
Garfield, Family of, 1 18. 
Gamon, William, Broughton, 38. 
Garthorpe, John Birkhill of, 8, 9. 
Garthwait, John, Bolingbroke, Token of, 

Gaul, John, Ens., I41. 
Gautby, Robert Sherard of, 1 05. 
Gawdrie, John, Boston, 1 32. 
Gayton-le-Wold, Sir Wm. Hansard, 39. 
Gedney of Ancaster, Pedigree of, 64. 
Gedney, Andrew, Bag Enderby, 132. 
Benjamin Hodson of, 39. 
Church, 28. 
Francis Coney of, lo. 
Henry, Ancaster, 38, 136. 
John, Swarby, 38. 
Partridge Reade of, 74. 
Robert Carr of, 132. 
Roodscreen at, 56. 
Thomas Fisher of, 132. 
Gentry of Lines, 1634, 6, 37, 71, 105. 

„ 1666, 135. 

Ghosts, Folk-Lore, 144. 
Gibbons, A., Nota on the Viatatmi of 
Idncobisiirt, 1 634, I27. 








Gibson, Lyon, Walmsgate, 38. 
Girlington, Nicholas, Normanby, 133. 
Girsby, Edward Marburie of, 1 32. 

„ A Ghost near, 234. 
Glandford Brigg, Inq. taken at, 204. 
Glentham, Roger James of, 40. 
„ Token of, 228. 

„ Watson of, 108. 

Glentwdrth, Sir John Wray of, 108. 
Glossary of N. Lines. Words, 246. 
Glotsary of JVoids in fVafeniaka of Manhf 
and Corrmghemy by £. Peacock, Review 
of, 31. 
Glover, Philips, of Wispington, 87, 150. 
Godfrey, Thomas, Grantham, 38. 

„ William, Thonock, 38, 136. 
Godsalve, Thos., Barton-on Humber, 38. 
Goltho, Manor of, 142. 

„ Thomas Grantham of, 38. 
Gonerby, Great, Roodscreen at, 92. 
„ Thomas Newton of, 72. 
„ Little, Jas. Bardesly of, 8. 
Gooche, Barnaby, Alvingham, 38. 
Goodhall, Robert, Holywell, 38, 137. 
Goodhand, William, Kirmond-le-Mire, 


Goodman, Lawrence, Threckingham, 38. 
Goodrick. Edward, East Kirkby, 132. 

„ John, Stickney, 38. 
Good wyn, Thomas, Sleaford, 38. 
Gosberton, Edward Ansell of, 8. 

John Calverley of^ 9. 

Records, 1 1 3. 
„ Thomas Peel of, 240. 
Gower, William, Grimsby, 38. 
Goxhill, Henry Booth of, 8. 

„ Richard Gylby of, 38. 
Graby in Aslackby, Thos. Herenden of^ 39. 
' Grains," N. Lines, word, 68. 
Grainsby, Roodscreen at, 9I. 
Grainthorpe, Screen at, 91. 
Graives, William, Algarkirk, 38. 
Grantchester, Vicarage of, 4. 
Grantham, Alexander Moore of, 72. 

Edward Skipwith of, 106. 

Falsification of History at, 1 4. 

Market Cross of, 15. 

Nathaniel Thorold of, I07. 

Norris Cave of, lo. 

Peter Ashton of, 7. 

Queen Eleanor at, 15. 

Richard Coney of^ 10. 

Robert of Dunham, 1 3 1. 

Supposed Chapel at, 82. 

Thomas Godfrey o^ 38. 

Thomas, Goltho, 38. 

Thomas, of Lincoln, 102. 

Thomas Sanderson of, 138. 








Granthanii Whetetones, 251. 

Wm. Bury of, 9, 136. 
William Parkjrns o(^ 73. 
Wm. Thornton of, 106. 
x^antkam Ckurek, Half-a»-Hour nr, by the 
Rev. Duncan Woodrofie, M.A«, Review 
of, 93. 
Grasby, William Greve of, 38. 
'* Graufs** Holdemeas word, 180. 
Gravenor, Godard, Messingbam, 38. 
Green, Dr., of Spalding, 206. 

„ William, Lt, 140. 
Greenfield, Herbert Thomedyke of, 107. 

„ Nich. Thomedike, of 131, 

Greetwell, Wm. Dallyson of, 37^ 
Gregory, Roger, Stockwith, 134. 

„ William, Mezborough, 38. 
Gretford, Edmond Hall of, 38, 134. 

„ John Wymerk of, 134. 
Greve, William, Gratby, 38. 
Grey, Sir John, Inq. P.M. on, 113. 
Grimoldby, Roodacreen at, 56, 91. 
Grimsby Charter, Witnetaes to, 66. 
Grimaby, George Keedham of^ 72. 
GervaK Hollis of, 39. 
Grant of, to Wm. de Hunting- 
field, mat., 65. 
John Kirton of, 40. 
John Topholme, of X07. 
Nuns of Priory of S. Leonard, 

Robt. Barnes of, 8. 
S. James, Register Book oi, 29. 
Thomas Emerson of, 136. 
„ Wm. Gower of, 38. 
„ William WesUd of, 138. 
Groome, Anthony, Bitchfield, 38. 
" GrueV* N. Lines, word, 251. 
Grymescroft, Robert of, 54, 55. 
Grymkel of Leake and Leverton, 53. 
Guavaro, Francis, Stenigot, 38. 
Guibon, John, Tealby, 38. 
Guillim, Robert, Swayfield, 38. 
Gunby Hall, Charters at, 74. 
Gunby, Thomas Massingberd of, 7 1. 

„ William Day of, 37. 
Gybon, Robert, Sutterton, 237. 
Gylby, Richard, Gozhill, 38. 
'* Gyle-holes," Holdemess word, 180. 
" Gyme," N. Lines, word, 251. 

** Habited," N. Lines, word, 68. 251. 
HabroQgh on Humber, John Drake of, 37. 
Hacconby, Samuel Cust of, lo. 
Haddington, George Neville of, 72. 
Hagnaby, Robert Newcomen of, 72. 
Hagwoithingham, Token of, 228. 

,, Wm. Cheales of, I36« 




Hainton, Sir George Heneage of, 39, 137. 
Hale (Great), Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 
Hale, Robert Cawdron of^ 10. 
Hall, Charles, K^ttlethorpe, 38. 
„ Edmond, Gretford, 38, 134. 
„ George, Sutton, 132. 
„ J. G., Noiica of LineobuJkiref 128. 
„ Reynald, Spalding and Boston, 38. 
„ WUliam, Winthorpe, 39. 
Haltham on Bain, John Dymock 0^ 37. 
Haltham, Screen at, 91. 
Halton, East, John Booth of; 8. 

East, Wm. Scopham of, 74. 
Leonard Esterby of, 133. 
„ West, S. Etheldreda, 176. 
Hamby, Francis, Tathwell, 38. 
„ John, Tathwell, 137. 
„ Wm., of Tathwell, 1 31. 
Hamerton, Father, Lincoln, 147. 
„ Nicholas, Walcot, 39. 
Hamilton, General, Shipwreck of; 2x8, 

255, 256. 
Hansard, Sir Wm., Gayton-le-Wold, 39. 

„ Wm., Humberstone, 39. 
Hansert, Thomas, Wickenby, 133. 
HarbottJe, John, Baston, 39, 
Hardv, Wm., Cor., 140. 
Hareby, Simon, Thurlby, 1 34. 
Harleston, John, 79. 
Harlaxton, Erasmus De Ligne of, 136, 

„ Sir Daniel de Ligne, 71, 
Harmston, John Child o^ 10. 
Harison, Alexander, Boston, 39. 
Hameys, Theophilus, Laceby, 137. 
Harrington, Francis Copledike of, 131. 
„ John, Wykeham in Spalding, 

„ Manor of, l8o, 

„ Thomas, Boothby, 39. 

„ Thos. Copledyke of, 10. 

Harrison, James, Sutton, 39. 

„ Robert, Mareham, 39. 
Harrjrman, Thomas, Quadring, 132. 

„ Wm., Donington, 132. 
Hart, Christopher, Boston, 39. 
Hartgrave, Paganell, Wilksby, 39. 
Harvey, Thomas, Kirton, 132. 
Hastings, Philip, Bilsby, 39. 
Hatcher, John, Careby, 39. 

„ Thomas, Careby, 39. 
Hatdiffe, Robt. Capknd of, 9. 
Hather Family, 145. 
Haugh, Sir Chas. Bolley of, 8. 
Haverholme, Joshua Whichcote of, 108. 
Hawerby, Nathaniel Pilkington of, 73. 
Hawstead, Vincent Welby of, 133. 
Hazey, Isle of Axholme, Firmary Lindley 
of; 71. 





Haxey, John Coghan of, lo. 

y, Token 0^ 228. 
Haydor, Butieys of, 2. 
** Head, Queen's,** N. Lines, word, 251. 
Healey, George, Burringham, 137. 
„ Thomas, Burringham, 39. 
Heapham, John Farmerv of, 37. 
,, Wilfrid Smitn of^ 106, 
Heath, Richard, 61. 
Heckington, George Christopher of, 136. 

J, Vicar of, 51. 

Heighington, James Prescott of^ 73. 
Helprington, Anthony Kewlove o(^ 1 32. 
Helpringham, Joseph Thorold of, 138. 
Manor of, 142. 
Roodscreen at, 56, 91, 
„ Token of, 228. 

Hemingbv, Ambrose Shepard of, 105, 106. 
Hemsweli, Thos. Bishop of, 8. 
Heneage, Sir George, Hainton, 39, 134, 

„ William, Benington, 133. 
Henry 11^ Charter of, to Canons of 

Sempringham, 211. 
Henry VIIL, Insurre^on in Lincs^ 

1536, 197. 
Herenden, Thomas, Graby in Aslackby, 

Heron, Edward, Burton Coggles, 39. 

„ Sir Edward, Cressy in Surfleet, 39. 

„ Edward Stamford, 134. 

Herricks on the ♦* Tityries," 23. 

Herenyngham, Sir John, 80. 

Hewitt, John, Ingoldsby, 39. 

Hickman, Sir Wm., Gainsborough, 137. 

„ Willoughby, Gainsborough, 39. 

** Hob-nail,*' N. Lines, word, 251. 

Hobson, John, Boston, 39. 

John, Spalding, 133. 

John, Syston, 137. 

Richard, Spalding, 39. 

Hodgson, Richard, Raithby, 39. 

Hodson, Benjamin, Gedney, 39. 

Holbeach Church, North Porch of; 177. 

MUteklPsriU, Historieal TJotka of, 95. 

Holbeach, John Foster of, 38. 

Robert Calthorne of, 140. 

Silver Token of, 131. 

Wm. Kay of, 40. 

„ William Stow of; 132. 

Holbeck, Thomas, of Stowe, 165. 

Holiwell, Rev. W. C, PariU Rtgisttr of 

Irhy^OM-Humhir, 12^. 

Holland, Thomas, Friskney, 39. 

Holies. Genrase, and Sir Lewis Dives* 

Regiment, 35. 

HoUet' Notes of S. James', Grimsby, 31. 

HoUit, Oervase, Grimsby, 39. 





Hollingworth, Michael, Lmcoln, 39. 
Holme, Edmund Morley of, 72. 
Holt, Nathaniel, Claypok, 137. 

„ Nath., Claypole, Token of, 228. 
Holton-le-Moor, Nich. Bestow of, 8. 
Holton on Bain, Nicholas Browne, 9. 
Holywell, Robert Goodhall of, 38, 137. 
Honeywood, Michael, Lincoln, X37. 
Honington, Sir Edward HusMy 0^ 39. 
Hook, Samuel, Ens., 140. 
Hooker, Eustace, Kirton, Token of, 228. 
Hopkins, Edward, Algarkirk, 39, 
Hopkinson, John, Alford, 39. 
Homcastle, Inq. taken at, 79. 
M John Neale of; 133. 

Rutland Snoden oi, 106. 
Screen at, 91. 
Wm. Brugh of, 9. 
William Lister of; 71. 
Homsey, Francis, Fiskerton, 39. 
^ Horse-laugh," N. Lines, word, 251. 
Horsington, Robert Smith of; 133. 

Hough, Tredway of, 107. 

Hough-on-the-Hill, Thos. ThoroU of, 

Hougbam, Benjamin Nelson of; 72. 
„ Church, Bussy Arms in, 3. 
„ Richard Pickering of; 73. 
Houghton, Thomas, Boston, 39. 
How, George, Sud broke-Holme, 39. 
Howell, Rei^r of; 5. 
Howson, John, Scunthorpe, 137. 
„ Roger, Wigtoft, 39. 
„ Thomas, Wigtoft, 132. 
•* Hug," N. Lines, word, 251. 
Hugh of Lincoln, The Will of, 171. 
Huguenot Refugees in Linca., 25. 
Human Remains at Owston, 209. 
Humberstone, Wm. Hansard o^ 39. 

„ William Upton, 39. 

Humby, Great, Sir William Brownlow of, 

9, 136. 
Hundleby, Sir Philip Llanden, 71. 

„ Timothy Allen of, 7. 
Hundon, John Trouesdale of; 107. 

„ William Tronetdale of; 107. 
Hungate, Robert, Brigg, 39. 
Huntingfield, William de, Gntit of 

Grimsby, 65. 
Hunston, Edward, Leake, 39. 
Hurst, Thomas, Barrowby, 137. 
„ William, Barrowby, 39. 
Husbandmen and Yeoman, 48. 
Hussey, Sir Charles, Dunholme, 39, 
„ Charles, Linwood, 1 34. 
„ Sir Edward, Honington, 39. 
Hutchinson, Charles, Lt, 141. 

„ Thomas, Theddkthorpc, 39. 





Hykeham, S., Thomu Randi of, 137. 

*' Illike/' N. Lines, word, 252. 
Ingham, Manor ot, 142. 
Ingoldmella, Screen at, 91. 

„ William Thory of, 107. 

Ingoldsby, John Hewitt of, 39. 
Ingram, Sir Arthur, of Barrowby, 116. 
Inqt. P.M. Lmcs., temp, Henry VII^ 15, 

78, 112, 141, z8o, 204. 
Inscription at Thornton Curtis Ch., 1 1 5. 
Insurre^ion in Lines., 1 536, 196. 
Interment, Ancient British, 17. 
Jmuatory 9ft ht Ckwrch PUuof LikesitriMrt^ 

by Rer. Andrew Trollope, 189. 
Ithell, Leonard, Braytoft, 40. 

„ Richard, Braytoft, 40. 
Irby, Sir Anthony, Whaplode, 40, 134. 
Irby-on-Humber, Beecham Family at, 

85, 121. 
Irby, John, Sutterton, 40. 

„ Manor of, 79. 
Irby-m-Himiber^ Parisk Register of, Reriew, 

Irby, Sir William Quadring of, 73. 
Ironmonger, James, Boothby, 40. 
Ives, Jeremian, Bourne, 240. 
Iwardoy, Manor of, 141. 

Jackson, Edward, Bicker, 137. 
„ John, Bicker, 40. 
„ John, Langworth, 40. 
„ Wm., Carlton Scroop, 239. 

James I. at Lincoln, 1617, 238. 
ames, Roger, Glentham, 40. 
Iay, Wm., Ens., 140. 
eans. Rev. G., Murray's Handbook fir 
U/KS,^ 122. 
Jenkinson, Robert, Wickham, 40. 

„ Wm., Southrey in Bardney, 40. 

Jessopp, John, Revesby, 40. 
ews, Assaults on, by Lincoln Citizens, 

Jon, John, Barrow, 132. 
ohnson, Isaac, Clazby, 40. 

„ J., Wragbv, Token of, 229. 

Maurice, tlie Antiquary, Life of, 

Morris, Capt., 140. 
Philip, Sumford, 137. 
Richard, Raithby, 40. 
Robert, Lea, 40. 
Thomas, Gainsborough, 40. 
Thos., Glentham, Token of, 

Walter, Pinchbeck, 237. 
*« Tug, The," N. Lines, word, 252. 
Julyan, John, Lincoln, 40, 







Kat, William, Holbcach, 40. 
Keadby, Christopher Young of, 108. 

„ I. of Axholme, John Lan^on, 40. 
Keal, John Basset of, 8. 
Keal, West, Henry Pigge o(f 73. 

Roodscreen at,^56, 91. 
Thomas Pigge of, 73. 
„ Wm. Blundeston of, 8. 

Keelby, Richard Scriven of, 1 38. 
** Keeler," 62, 92. 
Kelby, John South of, 131. 
Kele, Richard, Dalderby, 40. 
Kelke, William, Barnetby, 40. 
Kelsey, Sir Ed. Ayscough of, 7. 
„ North, Clement Benson o(, 8. 
„ „ Rich. Brozholme of, 9. 
Kelstem, John South of, 106. 

„ Manor of, 16. 
Kennythorpe, Oliver, Little Carlton, 133. 
Kent, George, Kirton, 40. 

Andrew, Langton by Homcastle, 40. 
of Langton by Horncastle, Pedigree 
of^ 64. 

Ketby, Arthur Young of, 138. 
Kettlebv, William Tyrwhit of, 107. 
Kettlethorpe, Chas. Hall of, 38. 
Killingholme, Booth of, 8, 1 16, 151. 

„ Manor of, 79. 

Kilnaei, Sepulchral relic at, 17. 
Kilsby Manor, Northants, 118. 
*' Kimnelles," 62. 

King, CoL Edward, of Ashby Hall, 48. 
„ Richard, Ashby-de la-Laund, 40. 
Kingerby, Bryan Wade of, 107. 
„ Thos. Wade of, 107. 
Kirk, Matthew, Lt., 141. 
Kirkby, East, Ed. Goodrick of, 132. 
„ „ Ed. Skepper of, 106. 

„ „ Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 

Kirkby Laythorpe, Roodscreen at, 56,91. 
Kirkby Underwood,John Cholmeley of, 10. 
Kirkstead Chapel, Roodscreen at, 90, 92. 

„ River Witham at, 27. 
Kirkton, John, Grimsby, 40. 
Kirmond^e-Mire, Wm. Goodhand of, 38. 
Kirton, Adlard Pury of, 73. 
„ George Kent of, 40. 
„ John Burgh of, 9. 
„ Thos. Aystrop of, 8. 
„ Thomas Harvey of, 132. 
„ Token of, 228. 
Kirton-in*Holland, Christoper Rossiter 

of, 74. 
„ Robert Meres of, 71. 

Kirton-in-Lindsey, Inquisition, 1490, 15. 

„ Roodscreen at, 121. 

Knaith, Manor of, 1 5. 
Knight, Sir Gervase Scrope, 203. 






Knight, William, Lincoln, 134. 
Kyme, Edward Dymock of^ 37. 

North, Manor of, 141. 

Sir Simon de, 55. 

South, Manor of, 141. 

Token of, 228. 

Sir Wm. de, 75. 
Kynde, William, Coleby, 40. 





Lacsbt, Theophilus Harneys of, 137. 
Lacon, John, Tetney, 40. 
Lacy, Henry,, Stamford, 137. 

„ William, Gainsborough, 40. 
Lake, Sir Edward, Lincoln, 137. 
Lambert, Samuel, Pinchbeck, 40. 
Llanden, Sir Philips Hundleby, 71. 

„ William, Dolby, 71. 
Langton, George, Mareham, 40. 

^ by Homcaatle, Andrew Kent 

of, 40, 64. 
by Homcattle Patronage of, 60. 
John, Keadby, Isle of Axholme, 

Richard Fylkyn of; 38. 
Steohen, Primate, 173. 
Token of, 228. 
Vincent Amcotts of, 7 
William Langton, 40. 
„ by Wragby, John Cater of^ lo. 
Langworth, Inq. taken at, 1495, "3* 

„ John Jackson, of, 40. 

"• Lapping up," N. Lines, word, 68. 
Larke, Joseph, Gainsborough, 40. 
Laud, Archbishop, 3. 
Law, Francis, Candlesby, 40. 
Lawson, Peter, Rcvesby, 40. 

„ Thomas, Scremby, 7 1. 
Lea, Robert Johnson of, 40. 
Leach, Robert, Belchworth, 133. 

„ William, Ranby, 71. 
Leadenham, Chris. Beresford of, 8. 134. 

„ John Palmer of, 137. 

Leake, Edward Hunston of^ 39. 

„ Thomas Darby of, 37. 
Lee, Jno., Ens., 140. 
Leefe, Thos., Moulton, Token ofj 228. 
Leek, Andrew de, 56. 
„ John de, ReSor of Houghton, 237. 
„ Matthew de, 56. 
M Sir Nicholas de, 56. 
„ Robert de, 55. 
Legard Family and Pedigree, 80. 

„ Robert, 57. 
Legbourne, Ed. Skipwith of, 106. 
Legboum, Rood Screen at, 91. 
Legsby, William Underwood of, I07. 
Lenyng, Thomas, Barnetby, 71. 
Le Peor, Henry and Bartholomew, 45. 


Leverett Family, The, 61. 
Leverton, Alward de, 54. 

„ Boucher Family, 25. 
„ Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 
Llewellyn Martin, Marriage of, zi8. 
Lichfield Cathedral, Inscription at, 69. 
Lightfote, Cuthbert, 16. 
Liley, William, Willingham, 71. 
Lincoln, Andrew Ponte of; 73. 

Bail, John Ewart of, 37. 
Castle, Inq. taken at, 78. 
Cathedral, Bishop's Chair, Blutt^ 

Citixens, Fines of; for Assault on 

the Jews, 109. 
Edwara Broxholme of, 9. 
Edward Dymock of, 37. 
Sir Ed. Lake, 1 37. 
Edmund Ellis o^ 37 
Edmund Yar borough of, 134. 
XVIII. Century, Tokens of, 229. 
Francis Tooley of, 138. 
Henry Rands of, 74. 
Henry Smith of, 106. 
Hospital, S. Giles, Ubut^ 169. 
„ S. Mary's, 172, 
„ of S, Sepulchre, 213. 
„ The Holy Innocents, 
John Beck of; 1 36. 
bhn Broxholme of, 9. 
\ ohn Fairclough of, 136. 
I bhn Julyan o^ 40. 
' bhn Robinson of, 74. 
Lawrence Styroppe of; 106. 
Michael HoUingworth of; 39. 
Michael Honeywood of; 137, 
Minster, Desecration of S. Hugh's 
Tomb, 84. 
„ Roodscreen, 9I, 92. 
Mint at, 25, 62, 225. 
Monasteries and Hospitals, 169, 

Poor Freemen, 232. 
Priory, Foundation of, 238. 
„ Queen Eleanor's body at, 
and the Revolution of 1 68 8, 146. 
Richard Milner of, 137. 
Richard Wetherall o^ 138. 
Richard Winstanley of, 138. 
Robert Mapletoft of, 137. 
Robert Marshall of, 1 37. 
S. Katherine's Priory, 2X0, 236. 
Silver Token of, 231. 
Thomas, Bp. of, 1690, 214. 
Thomas Comwallis o^ lo. 
Thomas Foster of, 38. 


















Lincoln, Thos. Tailor of, T3I. 

William Knight of, 134. 
Wills in Court of D. &C. of, 128. 
Lincolnshire, Ancient Population of, 103. 
Ballad, 184, 219. 

„ Music and Words 

of, 220. 

Coast, Wreck of the ' BeUey ' 

on, 1767, 218, 255, 256. 

Early Imprints, 214. 

Folk-Lore, 4.x, 90, 139, 146, 

X84, 214, 233. 
Gentry, 1634, 6, 37,71, 105. 

„ in 1666, 135. 
M.P.*s in 1541, 60. 

i553» 89. 
1660, 116. 

1680, 151. 

„ Sir T. Meres, 187. 

Militia, 1697, 139. 

Par. Regs., Transcript of, 


Pedigrees by Thos. Beckwith 


The Spanish Armada, 1 30. 

Town and Traders' Tokens, 

///ut/., 225. 

„ Tradesmen's Tokens of 

XVn. Cent., 226. 

Lindley Firmary, Hazey, Isle of Axholme, 

Linwood, Charles Htissey of, 134. 

Litter, Matthew, Capt., 140. 

„ Thomas, M.P. for Lincoln, 1649, 

„ Thomas, Sudbrooke, 132. 

„ William, Coleby, 71. 

„ William, Homcastle, 71. 
LituU, Thomas, S.T.P., ReOor of Tydd, 

Littlebury, John, Stainsby, yz, 133. 

„ Thomas, Stainsby, 133. 

Little Hall, Mrs. Callis of, 132. 

'' Lobbing," N. Lines, word, 68. 

Loral Words used on the Holdemest 

Coast, 180. 
Lockton, Francu, Swineshead, 71. 
„ John, Swineshead, 71, 132. 
„ William, Boston, 71. 
Lodington, Henry, Faldingworth, 71. 
Longbotham, Edmund, Butterwick, 71. 
Long) Miles, Kew Sleaford, 137. 
Long Sutton, James Ashton of, 136. 
Longtoft, Robert Beevor of, 134. 
Lords of Manors and their Arms, 86. 
Lost Lamb, 252. 
Lost Towns of the Bumbv^ by J. R. Boyle, 






Louis, son of Philip IL of France, 65, 66. 
Loundes, William, Bratoft, 71. 
'* Louth Clock, As false as," 217. 
„ Dedication of Church at, 18 1. 
„ Duel at, 57, 80. 
„ Edward Massingber of, 7 1. 
Insurredion at, 1 536, 196. 
John Blancherd of, 1 3 3. 
John Bradley of, 9. 
„ John Tonnerawe oC^ 1 38. 
„ Militia at, 1 697, 140. 
Rich. Bounde of, 8. 
Richard Osney of, 72. 
Robert Osney of, 72. 
Silver Token of, 231. 
Wm. Symcotts of, Z06. 
Lowther, Thomas, Burton-upon-Stather, 

Token of, 227. 
Lucas, Timothy, Fenton, 71. 
Ludburgh, Manor of, 17. 
" Lunch," N. Lines, word, 68. 
Lunn, William, Apley, 133. 
Lupton, John, Coningsby, Token of, 228. 
Lusby, Edward Palfryman of, 73. 
„ Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 
„ Thomas Copledike of; 133. 
Lyon, Henry, Warton, 133. 

Mabletiioepe, Wm. FitzwiUiam of, 133. 
Mackarell, Abbot, 97. 
Maddison, Edward, Caistor, 133. 
Maddyson, Sir Ralph, Fulnetby, 71. 
„ William, Trusthorpe, 7 1. 
Malverthorp, Manor of, 16. 
^ Man, To be one's own," N.Lmos. word, 

Manby, Francis, Riby, 137. 

„ Robert, Walmsgate, 71. 
Manthorpe, Wellyfound Willsonof, 108. 
Map, Walter de, 210. 
Mapletoft, Robert, Lincoln, 137. 
Marburie, Edward, Girsby, 132. 
Mareham-on-the-Hill, Edward Marthe 

of, 71. 
Mareham, George Langton of, 40. 
„ Robert Harrison of, 39. 
„ Robert Thomhill of, 106. 
Margery, Thomas, Boston, 132. 
Markby, Richard White of, 108. 
Market Rasen, John Caiter of, 133. 
John Wright of, I08. 
Robert Fitche of, 37. 
Token of, 228. 
Market Stainton, John Welcome of, 108. 
„ Wm. Bingham of; 8. 

„ Wm. Brigham of, 9. 

Markham, Abraham, Newbold Abbey, 71. 
„ Ralph, Boston, 71. 







Markham, Robert, Sedgebrook, 71. 
Marthall, Robert, Lincoln, 137. 
„ Thomas, Blozholme, 71. 
,, Thomat, Caistor, 137. 
Marshchapel, Rood Screen at, 9 1. 
Marshe, Edward, Mareham-on-the-HiU 

and Heckington, 71. 
Marsh Folk-Lore, 134, 2I4. 
Marston, Robert Thorold oi^ 107. 
„ Token of, 228. 
„ Sir Wm. Tnorold of, 107. 
Martin, Eiias, Reston, Token of, 228. 

„ John, Allington, 132. 
Massingberd-Burrill, Wm., of South 

Ormsby, 50. 
Massingberd, Edward, Louth, 71. 
„ Thomas, Gunby, 71. 

Maudit, Richard, Sturton Magna, 71. 
Mawthorpe, John Drant of, 37. 
Maxey, Inscription at, 50. 

„ Richard, Burgh-in-the -Marsh, 71. 
Medlicot, William, Boston, 71. 
Meek, Thomas, Wain fleet, 72. 
Meldritch Earl, Colonel, 34. 
Melwood, Monastery of, I. of Axholmc, 


Meredith, John, Burton Goggles, 71. 
Meers, Anthony, of Aubourn, 153. 
Meres, Anthony, Bonby, 71. 

Family of, 185, 2x5. 

Robt, D.D.,Chancellor of Lincoln, 

Robert, Kirton in Holland, yt, 
„ Sir Thomas, M.P., 1 1 6, 151, 187. 
Merham, Captain, 35. 
Messingham, Godard Gravenor of, 38. 
Metcalfe, Michael, Revesby, 71. 
Metham, Robert, Bullington, 71. 
Metheringham, Fire at, 150. 

„ Ranulph de, 55. 

„ Wm, Pistor of, 73. 

Metringham, Manor of, 142. 
Mexborough, Wm. Gregory of, 38. 
Michell, Thomas, South Witham, 72. 
Micklethwaite, Thomas, Binbrook, 72. 
Middle Rasen, Panell Fee, Manor of, 214. 

„ Rood Screen at, 91. 

Midlemore, Edward, Barton-on-Humber, 

Mid-Lincolnshire Folk-Lore, 143, 233. 
Militia in Lincolnshire, 1 697, 139. 
Millington, Timothy, Ens., 141. 
Milner, Henry, Wickenby, 72. 
„ Richard, Lincoln, 137. 
Mint at Lincoln, 25, 62, 225. 

„ at Stamford, 225. 
Mintmg, George Ashton of, 7. 
MitcheU, Katherine and Rene, 49. 




Monasteries, Friaries, and Hospitals of 

Lincoln, 169, 210, 235. 
Monson, Sir John, South Carlton, 72, 134. 
„ Jomi, Northorpe, 72. 
„ Robert, Northorpe, 72. 
Monumental Inscriptions in Lines., 1662, 

Monumental Inscriptions from other 
Counties relating to Lines., 49, 68, 239. 
Moore, Alexander, Grantham, 72. 
„ John, Stubton, 72. 
„ Thomas, Stubton, 1 37. 
** Moi^n Rattler," Obs. word, 86. 
„ Thomas, Scrivelsby, 72. 
Morley, Edmund Holme, 72. 
Morton, Edmund Syleur of, 138. 
„ Remains of Screens, 91. 
„ WillUm Ward of, 108. 
Moryson, Thomas, Beelsby, 72. 
Moulton, Castle of, X78. 
Church, 28. 

Edmund Brimstonof, 1 32. 
Jonathan, Q.M., 140. 
Token of, 228. 
WiUiam Welby of, 108. 
Mowbray, Roger, 198. 
Multon Hall, Manor of, 86. 

„ Sir John de, 177. 
Murray's liaidbookjfor LincolnsAtre, Review 

of, 122. 
Mussenden, William, Burgh-in-the- 

Marsh, 72. 
Myssenden, Anthony, M.P. for Lincoln, 

Navxnbt, Token of, 228. 
Neale, John, Homcastle, 133. 
„ Noah, of Sumford, 50. 
Needham, G^eorge, Grimsby, 72. 
Nelson, Benjamin, Hougham, 72. 
Nelthorpe, Edward, Brigg, 72. 
Nethercotes, Walter, Nettleham, 72. 
Nettleham, Edward Broxholme of, 9. 

Thomas Yorke of^ I08. 

Walter Nethercotes of^ 72. 
„ Wm. Beecham of, 86. 

Neve, Rev. Timothy, Burg S. Peter's, 207. 
Nevile, Sir Christopher, M.P. for Lincoln, 

Neville, George, Haddmgton, 72. 
Newbold Abbev, Abraham Newbold of, 7 1. 
Newcomen, Charles, Bag Enderby, 137. 

Charles, SaltBeetby, 72. 

Henry, Saltfleetby, 137. 

John, Saltfleetby, 72. 

Robot, Hagnaby, 72. 

Thomas, Withem, 72. 
New Holland, Origin of name, 120. 








Newlove, Anthony, Helpringhim, Token 
of; 228, 
>, Anthony, Helpringham, 131. 
Newport, William de, Lincoln, 1 70. 
Newftead, Herbert, Somercotea, 72. 

„ Robert, Somercotet, 72. 
Newton, Isaac, Wooltthorpe, 157. 
John Stow of, 106, 138. 
Thomas, Gonerby, 72. 
Thomas Savile of, 74. 
Nerill, Sir Christopher, M.P. for Lincoln, 

1689, 116. 
Neville, John, Faldingworth, 72. 
KichoUs, Anthony, Swayfield, 137. 
Nicholson, Edmund. Gainsborough, 72. 
No^on, Charles Townley of, 107. 
„ Richard Townley of, 1 07. 
Normanby, John Bayly of, 133. 

„ Nicholas Girlington of, 133. 

„ Thos. Cordwaye of, 10. 

Northan, William, Whitton, 72. 
Northolme, Ambrose Upton of^ 107. 

„ Hamyn Upton of, 107. 

Northorpe, George Farmery of, 133. 
„ }ohn Monson of, 72. 
,. Robert Monson 0^ 72. 
Norton Disney, Wm. Disney o^ 37. 

„ Walter, Sibsey, 72. 
Norwood, Nichobs, Wykeham in Spalding, 

Noiet OH Holbeaeh Ckurchj by H. Peet, 154, 

„ on the House of Mowbray, 198. 

f^ an tkt Vmtation of LineoImJtire, by 
A. Gibbons, Part L, 63. 
Notka of LincolmMre, Review of, 128. 
Nuns of Priory of S. Leonard of Grimsby, 


Nutt, Edward, Yarborough, 133. 

OnoLiTB Words in Cony Estate Book, 62. 

„ Words of Lincolnshire, 86. 
Obthorpe, Thos. Armsted of, 8. 
Officers' Pay, ttmf, Charles L, 203. 
Ogle, Thomas, Pinchbeck, 72. 

„ Valentine, Pinchbeck, 72. 
Oldfield, Anthony, Dorrington, 137. 

„ John, 72, 203. 
Oliver, the Drs. George, 245. 
Orby, George Pigott of, 73. 
f, John Whelpdale of, I08. 
„ Thomas Phillips of, 73. 
Orgarth Hill, The Ghost of, 235, 
Ormsby, Andrew, Partney, 72. 

„ S. Rich. Ehmd of, 117. 
Ormshead, Richard, Quadring, 132. 
Orsbie, Thomas, Boston, 132. 
Osboumby, Manor of, 142. 

Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 






Osgarby, William, Osgarby, 72. 

Osgardoy, Bartholomew Armyn of, 132* 

Osgodby, Sir Wm. Armine of, 7. 

Osgot, Family of, 53. 

Osney, Richard, Louth, 72. 
„ Robert, Lt, 141. 
„ Robert, Louth, 72. 

Otter, Tom, Gibbet of, 182, 254. 

Ousteby Brass at Caistor, 18. 

Overy, Edward, Tointon, 133. 

Owston, Anthony Portington of, 73. 
„ Castle at, 199^ 
„ Human Remains at, 209, 255, 
„ Richard Thomhill of, 107. 

Oxby, John Brozholme of, 134. 

Pakit, John, Lt., 141. 
Palfryman, Edward, Lusbv, 73. 
Palmer, Anthony, Alvingham, 73. 


Humphrey, Toynton, 73. 

John, Carlton Scroop^ 73. 

John, Long Leadenham, 137, 

John, Winthorpe, 73. 

Robert, Carlton Scroop, 73. 

„ William, Fleet, 73. 

"Panchins," 120. 

**Pant," Holdemess Word, 180. 

Panton, B. Smyth, Re^or of, 25. 

M John Yarborough of, 1 38. 

„ Manor of, 78. 

ParisA CJtttrch of S. Afary^ Wkapkdit^ by 

W. £. Foster, Review, 28. 

It Rtpiterfor Irby-OH-Hnmher^ 1 25. 

,, Regs. Lines., List of, 241. 

Parke, Richard, Fleet, 73. 

Parkeson, Ann, Marston, Token of, 228. 

Parks, Reuben, Major, 140. 

Parkyns, William, Grantham, 73. 

„ William, Ashby, 73. 

Partney, Andrew Ormsby of, 72. 

„ Inq. taken at [1495], 180. 

„ Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 

Paslew, Hugh, Welton, 73. 

Patey, Henry, of Kettleby, 2, 3. 

Patrick, Simon, Gainsborough, 73. 

„ William, East Rasen, 133. 

Payne, Thomas, Cor., 140. 

Peacock, Mabel, Taala fra Unlaihetrey 126. 

Peacock's Glossary ofLmolnsiirefyords^ 31. 

Peakirk, Inscription at, 49. 

Pedigree of Welby Family, 162. 

Peel, Thomas, Gosberton, 240. 

Pelhiun, Sir Wm., Brocklesby, 73. 

Pell, Sir Andrew, Dembleby, 73. 

„ Richard, Credlington, 132. 

„ William, Tattershall, 73. 




Pepper, Henry, Thorley, 73. 
Peterborough, St. John BapC Inicription 

•t, so. 
Philips, Thomts, Orby, 73. 
Phillippt, Robert, Wiipington, 73, 133. 
Pickering, Richard, Hougham, 73. 
Pickworth, Roodscreen at, 91. 
Pidtaey, John, Clerk of Haydor, 3. 
Pigge, rienry, West Kcal, 73. 

„ Thomas, West Keal, 73. 
Pigott, George, Orby, 73. 
Pikrvng, Sir John, 16. 
Pilkington, Nathaniel, Hawerby, 73. 
Pinchbeck, Bevile Wymberley of, 108. 

„ Dymock Walpole of, 108. 

„ (£ut), Roodscreen at, 56, 91. 

„ £d. Chamberlain of, 10, 

„ Edward Stevens of, 106. 

„ Leonard Browne of, 9. 

„ Samuel Lambert of^ 40. ' ' 

„ Thomas Ogle of, 72. 

„ Valentine Ogle of, 72. 

Pinder, John, Gainsborough, 73. 
Pistor, William, Metheringham, 73. 
Place Names, 120. 

„ in Wellingore, 59. 

" Plait," N. Lines. Word, 68. 
Plough Jags, 88. 
PoeticaiJFriringt of John Brown, Ed, Rev. 

J. Conway Walter, 156. 
Pond, John, 73. 
Ponte, Andrew, Lincoln, 73. 
Pontifez, Joseph, 149. 
Ponton, Great, John Archer of^ 7. 
Pool, Thos., Capt., I41. 
Poole, George, 131. 
^ Poor Jeanie " and Kirton Jail, 59. 
Popple, John, Dalderby, 133. 
Portington, Anthony, Owston, 73. 
Portyngton, George, 15. 
Presscott, James, Heighington,73. 
Priory, Lincoln, Qwen Eleanor's body at, 

Provincial Words, North Lincolnshire, 67. 
Purley, Leonard, Farlesthorpe, 73. 
Pury, Adlard, Kirton and Walcot, 73. 
Pye, Robert, Cadney, 73. 

QuAORiNG, Richard Ormshead of, 1 32. 

„ Roodscreen at, 91. 

„ Thos. Harryman o£^ 132. 

„ Sir Wm., Irby, 73. 

«' Quidder," N. Lmcs. word, 68. 
«* guitter," N. Lines, word, 68. 

Radlkt, Sir Henry, Yarborough, 73. 
Raithby, Richard Hodgson of, 39. 
„ Richard Johnson o£^ 40. 



Raithby, Thos. Bateman o^ 9. 
'< Rake," N. Lines, word, 68. 
Ramsey^ohn de, Lincoln, 171. 
Ranby, William Leach of, 71. 
Rands, Christopher, Burton by Lincoln, 74. 
„ Henry, Lincoln, 74. 
„ Thomas, S. Hykeham, 137. 
Rasen, East, Wm. Patrick of, 133. 
„ West, Michael Consuble of, 13. 
„ „ Philip Constable of, 10. 

Ravendale, West, Richard Cressy of; Z36. 
Reade, Francis, Wrangle, 132. 
„ Thomas, Wrangle, 74. 
Redbome, Anthonie SultiU o^ 132. 
Refugees, Huguenot, in Lines., 25. 
Registtr Book of S. Jamet^ Gt, Gnmsiy, by 

O. S. Stephenson, Review o^ 29. 
Reston, Token of, 228. 
Revesby Abbey, List of Pedigrees, 164. 

„ Muster Roll of Lines. 
Militia, 139. 
John Jessopp of, 40. 
Michael Metcalfe of; 7 1. 
„ Nicholas Saunderson of, 133. 
„ Peter Lawson of, 40. 
Revitt, William, Rowleston, 134. 
Reynald, Richard, Burwell, 74. 
Ribv, Francis Manby of, 1 37. 
Ricnard L, Assault on Jews, 109. 
Ridgley, Ralph, Lt., 14 1. 
Rigdon, Partridge, Gedney, 74. 
Riggetbi, Family of, 55, 

„ John de, 55. 
Riley, Richard, Boston, 74, 

„ William, Welboume, 1 38. 
Roodscreens in Lincolnshire, 56, 90, 121. 
Rippingale, Roodscreen at, 91. 
Rishworth, Wm., Hagworthingham, 

Token of, 228. 
Rither, Robert, Belton, 74. 
Rivett, Jsmes, Rowston, 74. 

„ William, Rowston, 138. 
Robinson, John, Lincoln, 74. 
Rolt, John, Edlington, 74. 
Ronoan Bank, Welland Cottage, 148. 
Romans at Wainfleet, 14. 
Ropsley Church, Suined Glass Window, 

Jl/ust,, i6x, 195. 
Ropsley, Screen at, 91. 
Roppesley, Richard Black of, 1 32. 
Rosseter, John, Major, 141. 

Richard, Somerb^, 133. 
of Somerby, Pedigree of, 64. 
Christopher, Kirton in Holland, 

„ Thomas, Somerby, 74. 

Rothwell, Edward, Ewerby, 74. 

Sir Richard, Ewerby, 138. 








RoughtoQ, Andrew Eastwood of, 1 33. 
Rowe, Nicholas, Welbourn, 74. 
Roweth, Wm., Langton, Token o^ 228. 
Rowleston, Wm. Revitt of, 134. 
Rowtton, tames Rivett of, 74. 

„ William Rivet o£^ 138. 
Roxholme, Matthew Thompson of, 1 38. 
„ William Thompson of, 138. 
Ruskmgton, Robt. Barber of, 8. 
Ryby, Manor of, 16. 

St. Hugh Bp. of Lincoln, Altar to, 179. 
Salter, George, Stamford, 106. 
Saltfleetby (AU SainU), Roodscreen at, 56, 

H Chas. Newcomen of, 7 a. 
Henry Newcomen o^ 137, 
John Asserby of^ 7. 
John Newcomen of, 72. 
Thos. Cabome of, 9. 
Saltmarsh, Anthony, Wragby, 74. 
„ William, Stnibby, 74. 
„ William, Wragby, 74. 
** Sam up," N. Lines, word, 68. 
Sanderson, George, Abbey Grange, 74. 

„ Thomas, Grantham, 138. 
Sandon, William, Inq. P.M. of, 78. 
Sands, John, Thornton College, 74. 
Sandwtth, Henry, Barton-on-Humber, 74, 
Sapcote Family, 26. 

„ Henry, Mayor of Lincola,ia6. 
Sapperton, John Saunders of, 138. 
Saunders, John, Sapperton, 138. 
Saunderson, Nicholas, Fillingham, X32, 

„ Nicholas, Revesby, 133. 

Savile, John, Addington, 134. 
„^ Thomas, Ne%irton, 74. 
Saxilby, Roodscreen at, 56. 
Scamblesby, Francis Thomedyke of| 107. 
Scampton, Sir J. BoUes of; 8. 
Scopham, William, East Halton, 74. 
Scott, Francis, Duke of Bucdcuch, 106. 
Scotter, Henry Smith ot, 138. 

„ Marmadoke Tyrwhit of, 1 33. 
„ Roodscreen at, 92. 
„ Token of, 229. 
Scotton, Busseys of, 2. 
Scremby, Thos. Briggs of, 9. 

^ Thomas Lawson of, 7 1. 
Scrivelsby, Charles Dymock o^ 37. 
n Roodscreen at, 57. 
„ Thos. Morgan of, 7a. 
Scriven, Richard, Keelbv, I3g. 
Scrope, Sir Gervas, Cockeringtoa, 74. 
,, Hc°|[y* Cockerington, 74. 
;, Sir Thomas, iia. 
Scunthorpe, John Howson o^ 137. 
Searby, John Clarke qU 10. 



Searby, Michael Emerson of, 37. 
Sedgebrook, Robert Markham of, 7 1. 
Sempringham, S. Gilbert of, 210. 
Shadforth, Robert, Gainsborough, 133. 
Shakleton, Thomas, Skendleby, 106. 
Sharpe, William, Bourn, 105. 
Shaw, Marshall, Barnoldby-le-Beck, 240. 
Sheep Shearing Numbers, 5 1. 
Sheepwash, Charles Wilson o^ 1 08* 
Sheffield, Vincent, Croxby, 105. 
Shepard, Ambrose, Hemingby, X05, lo6« 
Sherard, John, 105. 

„ Robert, Gautby, 105. 
Sibsey, Anthony, Frieston, lo6« 
Boucher Family, 25. 
Richard, Sutterbv, 106. 
Robert Gammock of; 38. 
Walter Norton of; 72. 
«< Sileing dish," 62, 93. 
Silk:^nioughby, Roodscreen at, 57, 9 X. 
Silver Tokens of Lincolnshire, 230. 
Skeame, Ed., Bonby, 133. 
Skegness, Christopher, Alford, 106. 
„ Moses, Trusthorpe, 106. 
„ Thomas, Trusthorpe, xo6. 
Skellingthorpe, Manor of, 142. 
Skendleby, Roger Fawne of; 37. 

„ Thos, Shakleton of, X06. 
Skepper, Edward, East Kirkbv, 106. 
Skillington, Richard AUeyn of, 7. 
Skinner, John, Frieston, 106. 
Skipwith, Ed., Grantham, 106. 
Ed., Legboume, 106. 
George Cottam, 133. 
Samuel, Utterby, 106. 
„ Sir William, i8x. 
Sleaford, XVIII. Cent. Tokens of, 229. 
Holcrof^ Booth of, 8. 
New, Miles Long of, 137. 
Richard Cawdron of, 136. 
Robert Cammock of, 132. 
Sir Robert Carr, 9, 13X. 
Robert Folkingham 0^ 38. 
Roodscreen at, 57, 9X, 
Thomas Goodwyn of, 38. 
Sledmore, Ed., Scotter, Token of, 229. 
Sleeford, William, Woolsthorpe, io6. 
Smith, Christopher, 106. 
„ George, Boston, 106. 

George, of Willoughby, 33. 

Henry, The Close, Lincoln, X06. 

Henry, Scotter, X38. 

John, X06. 

Captain John, of Virginia, /Z/Sw/., 

John, Chancellor of Lincoln, 69. 
John, Lt., X40. 
Nicholas, Klsham, xo6. 










Smith, Nicholas, Theddlethorpe, 106. 
Richard, Walcot, 138. 
Robert, Hortington, 133. 
Wilfrid, Heapham, 106. 
Smuggling at Kew Holland, 12b. 
Smyth, Family of, 186. 
„ Samuel, Wroot, 25. 
„ and Whitelamb Brass, 25. 
SneUand, John Wytherwyck of, 108. 

n William Stow of, 106. 
Snoden, Scrope, Boston, 106. 

„ Rutland, Homcastle, 106. 
Sokbum, William Conyers of, 17. 
Somerby, Charles Baude of, 136. 
„ Maurice Bawde of, 8. 
„ Richard Rosseter of, 133. 
„ Thos. Rossiter of, 74. 
Somerby-by-Grantham, Screen at, 91. 
Somercotes, Herbert Newstead of, 72. 
M John Eresby of, 37. 

„ Robert Newstead of, 72. 

„ East, John South of, 106. 

„ South, Roodscreen at, 91. 

Sotherton, Family o£^ 147. 
Sotteby, Manor of, 141. 
South, John, of Kelby, 131. 
n John, East Somercotes, 106. 
„ John, Kelstem, 106. 
Southrey in Bardney, Wm. Jenklnson of, 

Southwell, Henry, of Wisbech, 50. 

„ Sir John, West Rasen, 24. 
Spalding, XVIII. Cent. Tokens of, 229. 
„ '* The Gentleman's Society," 206. 
„ John Gamlyn of, 33, 132. 
John Hobson of, 133. 
John Oldfield of, 72. 
Maurice Evington of, 37. 
Militia at, 1697, X40. 
Priory, 28. 
Reynald Hall of, 38. 
Richard Hobson oi^ 39. 
„ Roodscreen at, 92. 
Spilman, Edward, Walcot, 138; 
Spridlington, John Wray of, 108. 
Springthorpe Ch., Stone Coffin at, 28. 
Spurn Point, British Interment at, 1 7. 
Stacy, Richard, Castle Bytham, 106. 
Suinfield, Ed. Tyrwhit of, 133. 

„ Sir Philip Tyrwhit of; I07. 
Stainsby, John Littlebury of, 133. 
„ Thos. Littlebury of, 133. 
Stamford, Assault on Jews at, 109. 

Brown's Bedehouses, Screen at, 

Christopher Weaver of, 108. 
„ Daniel Wigmore of, 138. 
„ David Cecil of^ 10. 









Stamford, Edmund Browne of, 9. 
Edward Heron of, 134. 
Francis Bamewell of, 136. 
George Dinham of^ 136. 
George Salter of, 106. 
Henry Lacy of, 137. 
„ John Balgny of, 8. 

Militia at, 1 697, 140. 
Mint at, 225. 
Noah Neale of, 50. 
Philip Johnson of, 137. 
Richard Cust of, 136. 
Richard Whatton of, 108. 
Robert Stubbs of^ 138. 
Sir Robert Wyniield of, 108. 
„ (S. John's) Roodscreen at, 57, 9 1 . 
„ Silver Token of^ 232. 
„ William Cecil of, xo. 
Stand ish, Gilbert, Dorrington, 138. 
Stanger, Mary, Epitaph of, 70. 
Sunley. John, Stickford, 133. 
Steeping, Great, Thos. Barker of, 8. 
Stenigot, Francis Guavaro of, 38. 
Stephenson's Register Book of S. James, 

Grimsby, 29. 
Stevens, Edward, Pinchbeck, 106. 
Stevenson, Richard, Croft, 106. 
Stickford, John Stanley of, 133. 
Stickney, John Goodrick of, 38. 
Stiff, Family of, Grimsby, 217. 
" Stinch," N. Lines, word, 68. 
Stixwold, Edward Broxholme of, 9. 
Stizwould, Roodscreen at, 92. 
Stockwith, Roger Gregory of^ 1 34. 
Stockworth Mill, 61. 
Stoke, North, Sir Sutton Coney of, 10. 
Stone Coffins for other purposes, 28, 1 20. 
Stone Hall, Manor of, 86. 
Story of the Domus D^of Stamford^ by H. P. 

Wright, 190. 
Stourton, Erasmus, Walesby, I06, I49. 
Stowe, Robert Torpy of, 107. 
Stow Green Fair, 1 50. 

„ John, Newton, 106, 138. 
„ John Tathwell of, 138. 
„ William, Holbeach, 132. 
„ William, Snelland, 106. 
Stngglethorpe, Sir Richard Earle of, 37. 
Stroxton, Wm. Blythe of, 8. 
Strubby, William Saltmarsh of, 74. 
Stubbs, Robert, Stamford, 138. 
Stubton, John Moore of, 72. 
„ Manor of, 204. 
„ Thomas Moore of, 1 37. 
Stukeley, Adlard, Boston, 106. 
„ John, Lt., 140. 
„ John, Uffington, 1 38. 
„ Dr. William, Spaldmg, 206. 





Sturton Magna, Richard Maudit of, 7 1. 
„ Parva, Wm. Coney of, lo. 
„ „ Francis Clinton of, lo. 

Styroppe, Lawrence, Lincoln, 106. 
SudbroJce-Holme, Geo. How of, 39. 
Sudbrooke, Thot. Litter of, 132. 
Sudley, Lord, Wainfleet, 1 1. 
SttltiU, Anthonle, Redbome, 1 32. 
Surfleet, Token of, 229, 
Surgeons and the Episcopal Visitation of 

Bp. Williams, 1 641, 24. 
Suthill, John, 204. 
Suthorp, Manor of, 1 5. 
Sutterby, Richard Sifaisey of, 106. 
Sutterton, Giles Bagg of, 132. 
„ John Irbv of, 40. 
„ Wm. Wnittingham of^ Z32. 
Sutton, Anthony Edmond of, 133. 
George Hall of, 132. 
^ ames Balder of, 8, 133. 
' ames Harrison of, 39. 
' ohn Darnell of, 37. 

Iohn de, Lincoln, 236. 
.ong, Church, 28. 
Robert de, Lincoln, 237. 
S. Mary, William Coney of, lo. 
Token of, 229. 
William Ehnes of, 37. 
Swalowe, Manor of, 16. 
Swaton, Roodscreen at, 579 9I. 
Swarby, John Gedney o^ 38. 
„ Manor of, 142. 
„ Maurice Williams of, 108. 
„ Thomas Beetson of, 132. 
'^ Swarm," N. Lines, v^ord, 68. 
Swaton, Simon Walcot of, 134. 
Swayfield, Anthony NichoUs of, 1 37. 

„ Robert Guillim of^ 38. 
Swaynyng, Family of, 53. 
Swineshead, Francis Lockton of, 71. 

John Lockton of, 71, 132. 
Manor of^ 141. 
. Robert Woolmer of, 108. 
Roodscreen at, 91, 92. 
William Woolmer of, 108. 
Syleur, Edmund, Morton, 138. 
Symcotts, William, Louth, 106. 
Syston, John Hobson of, 137. 
Peregrine Buck of, 9. 




Taaiafra Unkukure^ Review of^ 126. 
Tallboys, Sir Robert, 141, 142. 

„ Sir Walter, 219. 
Tailor, Thomas, of Lincoln, 131. 
Tallington, Roodscreeen at, 57, 91. 
Tathwell, I Francis Hall of, 38. 


John Chaplin of, 136. 

[ohn Hamby of^ 137. 



Tathwell, John, Stow, 1 38. 

„ Wm. Hamby of, 1 3 1. 
Tattarehall, Roodscreen at, 57, 91. 

„ William PeU of, 73. 

Taylor, Thomas, Doddington, 106. 
Tealby, Ed. Barker of, 8. 

„ John Guibon of, 38. 
Temple Brewer, Francis Booky of, 9. 
„ „ Geo. Dawson of, 37. 

Tetford, Wm. Blanchard of; 8. 

„ The Witch of, 233. 
Tetney, John Lacon oi^ 40. 
Theddlethorpe, Nicholas Sn^ith of, I06. 
„ Roodscreen at, 57, 91. 

„ Thos. Hutchinson o^ 39* 

Thimbleby, Robert Frieston of, 38. 
„ William, Tetford, 219. 

Thompson, Francis, Boothby, 106. 

Gregory, Wellingore, lo6. 
Matthew, Brozholme, 138. 
Richard, Blozholm, lo6. 
William, Anwich, 106. 
William, Roxholme, 138. 
Thonock, William Godfrey of, 38, 136. 
Thoresby, S., Manor of, 113. 

„ Thos. Ayscough of, 8. 

Thorganby, Thomas BilclyfFe of^ 136. 
„ William Coldwell of, 10. 
Thorley, Henry Pepper of, 73. 
Thomedyke, Francis, Scamblesby, 107. 
„ Herbert, Greenfield, 107. 

Thomedike, Nicholas, Greenfield, 1 3 1. 
Thomhill, Richard, Owston, 107. 
„ Robert, Mareham, 1 06. 
Thornton College, John Sands of; 74. 
,, Curtis Cn., Inscription at, 1x5. 
„ „ Roodscreen at, 92. 

„ John Ayscough o(| 7. 
„ John, WtUottghby, 138. 
„ William, Grantham, 106. 
Thorold, George, Boston, 107. 

Joseph, Helpringham, 138. 
Nathaniel, Grantham, I07. 
Robert, Maraton, 107. 
Thomas,Hough-on- the-Hill,i07 
„ Sir Wm., Marston, 107, 
Thorpe, Edward BoUe of, 136. 

„ S. Peter's, Roodscreen at, 57, 91* 
„ Vincent Welby of, 133. 
Thory, Thomas, Boston, 107. 

„ William, Ingoldmells, 107. 
Threckingham, Lawrence Goodman of,38. 
Thurlby, by Newark, Roodscreen at, 9 1. 

„ Smion Hareby of, 134. 
Till Bridge Lane, 6 1, 252. 
Tindall, Wm., Boston, 132. 
Tityriea and Bugle, Societies of the, 1623, 





Todd, Thory, Lt, I41. 
Tointon. Edward Overy of, 1 3 3. 
Tovnton, Humphrey Palmer of, 73. 
Tokens (SiWcr) of Linc«^ 230. 
Tokyng, Thomas, Edlington, 107. 
Toller, Richard, Billingborough, 107. 
Tompsoa, Francis, of Boothby, 131. 
Tomson, John, 36. 
Tonnard, Gregory, of Frampton, it 8. 
„ Robert, Redior of Driby, 118. 
ft Wm., Priest of Tattershall, 1 19. 
Toonerawe, John, Louth, 138. 
Tooley, Francis, Doewood Grange, 107. 

,, Francis, Lincoln, 138. 
Topholme, John, Grimsby, I07. 
Torp^, Robert, Stowe, 107. 
Torrmgton (West), Roodscreen at, 57, 91. 
Touthby, Richard, Touthlw, 107. 
Towes, Thos. Ayscough of, 8. 
Townley, Charles, Nodon, 107. 
„ Richard, Nodon, I07. 
Townraw, Ralfe, Ashby, I07. 
Traders' Tokens, Lines., 225, 230. 
Tr^e Tokau issued in tie XVIL Cmi, m 
Eng^ Ed. by G. C. Williamson, Review 
0^ 222. 

Tredway Hough, 107. 

Tripp, Thomas, Barton-on-Humber, 107. 
Trollop, William, Bourn, 107. 
Trouesdale. John, Hundon, 107. 

„ William, Hundon, I07. 

Trottte, Anthony, Gainsborough, 138. 
Trunnion Ch., Isle of Man, 119. 
Trusthorpe, Moses Skegness of, 106. 
„ Thos. Skegness of, 106. 

„ Wm. Maddyson 0^ 71. 

Tunstall, Thomas, 16. 
„ William, 16. 
Turswell, Matthew, Wadingham, 107. 
Tydd, Redor o^ 239. 

„ S. Mary, Wm. Adams o^ 7. 
Tyndale, Thomas, 78. 
Tyrwhit^ Edward, Stainfield, 1 33. 
Marmaduke, Scotter, 133. 
Sir Philip, Stainfield, I07. 
Sir Robert, of Kettleby, 103. 
William, Kettleby, 107. 
„ Sir William, 204. 
Tyryell, Thomas, 79. 
I'ytton, Manor o£| 180. 

UrfiNOTON, John Stukelev of, 138. 
„ William Barlcer of, 134. 

„ Wm. Doleman of, 37. 

Ukeby, John Appleyard of^ 7. 
„ screen at, 91. 
„ Thomas Appleyard of, 136. 
Underwood, William, Legsby, 107. 


Upton, Ambrose, Northolme, 107. 

Hamyn, Northolme, 1 07. 

of Northolme, Pedigree o^ 64. 

Wm. Humberstone of, 39. 
Usselby, Jos. BiUdiff of, 8. 
Utterby, Samuel Skipwith of, I06. 
Thomas Ely o^ 37. 





Vainxna, Wainfleet, 14. 

Vaudaleur, Peter, Boston, I07. 

Vaudey, Abbey of Grimesthorpe Park, 

Vaughan, Francis, Boston, 107. 
Vavasour, Henry, Bellwood, I07. 
Fisitatatim of IJncs^ 1634, NeUs as, 

Review o{ 1 27. 
Visitation Questions, Bp. Sanderson's, 

1662, 26. 

Wadx, Bryan, Kingerby, I07. 

„ Thonus, Kingerby, 107. 
Wadingham, Matthew Turswell o^ 1 07. 
Wainfleet, Charter of Witnesses, 14. 
Charter of, X457, ii. 
XVin. Cent Tokens of, 229. 
Manor o( 142. 
Markets and Fairs, 13. 
Ronuns at, 14. 
Thonus Meek of, 72. 
Vainena, I4. 
„ William 0^ II. 
Wake, Edward, Prebend Line, 69. 
Walcot, Edward Spilman of, 138. 

Humphrey, Walcot, I08, 13^. 
Manor of, 142. 
Nicholas Hamerton of, 39. 
Richard Smith oi; 1 38. 
Simon, Swaton, 134. 
„ William, Walcot, 108. 
Watesby, Erasmus Stourton of, I06. 
Wallet, Thomas, Weston, 108. 
Walmsgate, Lyon Gibson of, 38. 
„ Robert, Manby, 71. 

Walpole, Dymock. Pinchbeck, 108. 
„ Stephen, Alvingham, 1 08. 
Ward, Wm., Caistor, Token of, 227. 

„ William, Morton, 108. 
Warren, William son o^ no. 
Warton, Henry Lyon of, 133. 
Washingborough, Ralph Eure o(^ 37. 
Wathe, Manor o( 16, 

Watson, Glentham, 108. 

Wayte, William, Lincoln, 17 1. 
Weaver, Christopher, Stamford, 108. 
Webster, Thos., Ens., 141. 
Welby, Johannes de, 161, 195, 
„ Pedigree of, 162. 
„ RoodKreen at, 57, 91. 





Welby, Vinoent, Hawitnd, 1 33. 
„ Vtncent, Thorpe, 133. 
„ William, Denton, 108, 138. 
„ William, MoultoD, 108. 
WeUeby of Welleby, 193. 

„ „ iZ&ttf., 161, 193, 

Welboum, Nicholas Rowe of, 74. 
Welbourne, William Riley of, 138. 
Welcome, John, Market Stainton, 108. 
Wellea, Walter de, Lincoln, 170. 
Wellingore, Gregory Thompson oi^ I06. 

„ Place Names, 59. 

„ Roodscreen at, 57. 
Wellsforth, Rbt. Barber of; 132. 
Wells in Lines., Catalogue of, ft09. 
WeltOB, Alex. Archer o^ 8. 

„ Hugh Paslew of, 73. 
Wesley, John, 25. 
Weslid, William, Ortmsby, 138. 
Westborough, Roodscreen at, 91. 
Westbargh, Manor of, 204. 

„ Robert de, Grantham, 237. 
Westby, Robt. Craycroft of, Xo, 
West, Family Arms oi, 60. 
Westlayngton, Manor of; 113. 
Westminster Abbey, Inscription at, 69. 
Weston, Thomas Wallet of; 1 08. 

„ William Davison of; 132. 
West Rasen, Manor of, 204. 
Wetheral, Richard, Lincoln, 138. 
Wetherwick, John, Clazby, 1 3 3. 
Whaplode, Sir Anthonv Irby o^ 40, 

„ Anthony Irby of; 134. 
Whatton, — , Vic. of Granchester, 5. 

„ Richard, Stamford, 108. 
Whelpdale, John, Orby, 108. 
Whetstone, Francis, Caistor, 108. 
Whichcote, Clinton, Coningsby, 108. 

„ Sir Hamon, Dunston, 108. 

„ Joshua, Haverholme, 108. 
Whichcot, Thomas, M.P., 1741, 188. 
White, Richard, Markby, 108. 
Whitelamb, Mary, Wroot, 25. 
Whitshed, Name of; 90. 
Whittingham, Wm., Sutterton, 132. 
Whittoo, William Northan of, 72. 
Wickenby, Henry Milner of, 72. 

„ Tbos. Hansert of, 133. 
Wickham, Daniel, Ens., X41. 

„ Robert Jenkinson of, 40. 
Wigmore, Daniel, Stamford, 138. 
Wigtoft, Ancient Tombs at, 215. 
Roger Howson of, 39. 
Roodscreen at, 57, 91. 
„ Thomas Howson of, 132. 
Wilberton, Wm. Field of, 132. 
Wilksby, Paganell Hartgrave of, 39. 
Will of Hugh of Wells, Bp. of Lincoln, 172. 





Williams, Anthony, Denton, 138. 
Bp. of Lincoln, 3. 
Maurice, Swarby, 108. 
Richard, Denton, 108. 
Thomas, 61. 
Williamson, Robert, Bilsby, 108. 
Willingham, William LUey of, 7 1. 
Willis, Cecil, Vipir of Hofbeach, 69. 
Willoughby, Lord de Eresby, 35. 
„ George Smith of, 33. 

„ John Thornton of, 1 38. 

Wilsford, Berlceley AUeyn of, 7. 
Wilson, Charles, Sheepwash, 108. 
Willson, Wellyfound, Manthorpe, Z08. 
Wimbush Family, I45. 
Winceby, Big Stones in Slash Lane, 235. 

„ Fig^t, 1643, Ballad of, 115. 
Winkky Family, 89. 
Winlow, Family of, 1x7. 
WinstanJey, Richard, Lincoln, 138, 
Winterton, Anthony Dewick o( 37. 

„ Peter Baldwin of, 8. 
Winthorpe, John Palmer of, 73. 
„ Manor of, I42. 
„ Roodscreen at, 91, 92. 
„ Wm. Hall of, 39. 
Wispmgton, Phillips Glover of, 87, 1 50. 
„ Robert Phillipps of, 73, 133. 
Witham River, Outfall of, 27. 

M South, Martin Llwellyn of, II8. 
„ „ Thos. Mitchell o^ 72. 

Withcall, A Ghost of, 234. 
Withem, Thos. Newcomen of, 72. 
Wizards and Witches, Folk-Lore, I43. 
Wolbie, Simon, Burgh, 132. 
Wollev, Robert, 108. 
Woodhouse and Gainsborough, Marma- 

duke Darrel of, 37. 
Wooley, Charles, Ens., 14 1. 

y, William, Cumberworth, lo8. 
Woolmer, Robert, Swineshead, 108. 

„ William, Swineshead, 108.1 
Woolsthorpe, Isaac Newton of, 1 37. 
„ Wm. Ballet of; 8. 

„ Willm. Sleeford o^ 106. 

Wooton, John Booth of, 8. 
Worlaby, Edmund Doughty of, 37. 
Worme, Robert, Algarkirk, 108. 
Wngby, Anthony Saltmarsh of, 74. 
Manor of, 78. 
Token of, 229. 
William Saltmarsh of, 74. 
Wrangle, Francis Reade of, 132. 
„ Thomas Reade of; 74. 
Wny, Sir John, Glentworth, 108. 

„ John, Spridlington, 108. 
Wreck of the ** Betsey " on Lines. Coast, 
1767, 218, 25s, 256. 






Wren, Bp. of Ely, 5. 
Wright, HuBtwayte, Caiator, 108. 
„ John, Market Rasen, io8. 
Wroot Church, 25. 
Wyatt, George, Barrowby, 13ft. 
Wyberton, Hy. Aihe of, 7. 
Wyckham, John, Caiitor, 108. 
Wyham, George Ellis of, 37. 

„ Thomas Ellis of, 133. 
Wykeham in Spalding, John Harrington 

of, 39. 
Wykeham in Spalding, Nicholas Norwood 

of, 72. 
Wyldbore, John, 50. 

„ John, Burleigh, 138. 
„ Matthew, 50. 
Wymberley, Bevile, Pinchbeck, 108. 
Wymerk, John, Gretford, x 34. 

Wyncapp ...,138. 

Wynfield, Sir Robert, Stamford, 108. 
Wynne, Richard, of Folkingham, 27. 
Wytherwych, John, Snelland, 108. 

Yabboiouch, Edmund, Lincoln, 134. 

„ Ed. Nutt of, 133. 

„ Sir Henry Radley of, 73. 

„ Henry, Yarborough, 1 08. 

„ John, Panton, 138. 

Yorke, Thomas, Nettleham, 108. 
York, S. Martin-le-Grand, Inscription at, 

„ S. Martin-cum-Gregory,Inscription 

at, SI. 

„ Wm., Burton Pedwardine, 138. 

Young, Arthur, Ketby, 138. 



Christopher Keadby, 108. 




Ni,B, — The anmben nfcr [o 

of liw coDlribatian. 

Atkikuh, A1&c4 a 1 9. 

B^ H. W^ 86, 87, 145. 

B^ I. T., 148, 149, ISO, lis, iSfi. 


B, W., gj. 

BtthiiD, Act. C. J., I$o. 

Blenkioiopp, Ret. E. Lcaton, sg, 91. 

Boyd, W., 15,78, III, 141, ito, 104. 

Brovm, Rob^, F.Sj^, ill. 

•C B. L. R., 1S4. 
CJ-CSi, iiS,MS-»S+- 
C R. £., I5>, iSa. 
Campbell, A. £., ^^. 
Conitibl^ J. Goulton, 16, icl, 
Conleigx, John, 17, iSo, alS. 

D., M., a7, fit. 

Dmcan, Edmrd, lj[, 185, 115. 
Deeds, RcT. Cecil, ]. 
Dyion, T. A, I47. 

E., K. P. D., F.SA., 109. 

Edkon, Uki, N.9 St^ 171, 1I5, 145. 

Eddleiton, Rer. R. H., 49, Ajg. 

F., 1. E, a;. 

Fiber, R. S., 1;, 

Ftne. W. D, j?. 

Pumer, A., 109. 

Fenie, Rev. J., 59. 

Fletcher, I. Cirr, 60, It. 

FoMcr, W. E., F.S.A1, %<), 90, 177, 

Fowler, Rer. J, T., 176, Ijj, 

OiuoKi, AUnd, I, ifi, 78, ijfi. 

Gonlding, R. W., Sa, iSi. 

Gnnge, EmeM L., LL.H., 3J, jj, 97, 

130, IJ9, 134, 
Oreen, ETCnrd, F.5.A., 6, 36, 71, to, 

IJS, i64.»'>S. HI. 

H. O., ij, iSS. 

M., O. W., 4t. 

M., H. J. £., 151. 

M., W, JJ, 74, 15J. 

Micdould, RtT. O. W., 90, 150. 

Middiun, Ret. A R^ iS?, 10 J. 

Mvillier, Hontio, II7. 

M«k, W. L. P, 117. 

Martin, Henry, 85. 

Miagbui, RcT. O., lit. 

Mee, Artbur, a5a. 

Moor, RcT. C So, 85, 91, II6, lae. 



Last of Contributors. 

Moore, Col. C. T. J., F.S.A., 15, 60, 

86, 118, 147, ai5, aio. 
Mtutert, L. C., 90. 

N., Z16, 145. 
N., A. £., 153. 
N. M. 8e A^ ^52, 
Nicholson, J., 117. 

P., C. H. S., 219. 

P., M. O. W., 67, 145, 146, 184. 

Page, W. O. B., 120. 

Peacock, Edward, F.S.A^ 146, I79, 198, 

214, 246. 
Pamington, Rev. Canon, 196. 
Penny, Rev. T. A«, 143, 233, 
Perry, Dr. Marten, 62, 84. 
Pbillimore, W. P. W., 118, 217. 
Pink, W, D., 60, X16, 202, 213, 232. 

R., 188. 

Rhodes, S. J., 68. 

Robinson, T., M.D., 103, 121, 255. 

SiALET, S. B., 113. 

Simpson, Justin, 61, 89, 145. 

Streatfeilfj, Rev. G. S., 221. 

Suddaby, John, 255. 

Sympson, £. Mansd, 56, 92, 169, 2icv 

T., T. £•• 59* 
Tempest, Mrs. £. B., 85. 

ViMABUts, Rev. Precentor, 82, 98, 109,, 

W., O. O., 51. 

W., N. W., 252. 

Walker, Josh., 62. 

Walter, Rev. J. Conway, 60, 86. 

Ward, Rev. J. Heald, 23, 115. 

Webbi W. T., 47. 

Welby, A. £., 161, 193. 

Westbrooke, Rev. W. F. W., 18. 

Wood, £. Bentley, 70, 84, 88, 1x9, I20> 







&I(X^>iTA & CO^l(^QSND«,£. 

Pife 13, line i^fir luiap rmd kaiaginm, U^ wharfige. 
^ 13, line If fir tenage rudttm§t, 
M 28, line 7, fir tymptniutn rtad tympuum. 
„ 44, line itffir spring rtsd springs. 
>• 53v Ui^ I5t column if fir uzoratnm rw^ uzontum. 
„ 53, line 15, column l^fir personam rud ptrsonum. 
„ 53, line 37, colttom i,fir eoelesic rM^ecclcsia. 
,, 53, line 47, column Iffir fiiit ron/fvit. 
ff 6z, line $ffir capse rsft/ lapse. 
„ 61, line 27, /^ Harrington mu/ Hemingby. 
,. 61, line i^tfir Ordinance read Ordnance. 
„ 69, line %9,fir Cains rtad Caius. 
„ 7», line I4,>' 634 hmJ 1634. 
„ 73, line 32,>&r 1624 rW 1634. 
„ 74, line l^ffir 634 read 1634. 
M 75, line 4, eolunm l^fir poerdid^o rtsd prcdid^o. 
,1 104, line l$ffi>r mearcephalic read meancephalic 
„ 1x5, line lo^readwuM found on the front of a Pew on the South side of the 

„ 143, line 7ffir 1394.5 read I494-5. 
y, 181, line %^fir ponunt read ponunt'. 
,, 185, line \^ffir Edmund Deacon f«n/ Edward Deacon. 
„ 224, line 2,>' QVENCBROW read QVINCBROW. 


This weU-known and very important brass is the earliest in the 
county and perhaps the second earliest in the kingdom, though 
its date is somewhat variously assi&;ned: ^ c, 1280, *Bishop 
TroUope; "r. 1280-90,** Sww/ (probably corred); "r. 1300, 
Arch. Inst. Vjp.; "r. 1310, earlier?** Haines. The oldest 
existing brass, that of Sir John d' Aubernoun at Stoke d* 
Abernon, is dated 1277, and that of Sir Roger de Trumpington 
at Trumpington, usually deemed the second, is of 1289. This 
brass should be compared with the one at Croft, which is 
perhaps about 10 years later. The scales on the gauntlets 
*are represented in one other instance only, on the hands 
of Sir John de Northwode at Minster, in Kent' [Line, tdreh. 
Soe. Vjp')i and also *on the feet of Sir William Cheyne, 
1375, at Drayton Beauchamp, Bucks' [Haines), 

Caistor. Chancel pavement. 
John Ousteby, 1461, and wife Joan. 

Inscribed plate on slab, with evangelistic symbols at corners 
of slab. 

*^ Orate pro animabus Johannis Ousteby qui obiit — decimo 
odbvo die Novembris anno d'ni mill'mo — cccclx 
primo et Johanne uxoris sue que obiit.** 
Haines^ ii., p. 122; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii. p. 226 (called 
" Dusteby *'); Gent. Mag.^ 1829, vol. xcix. p. 223. 

The wife*s death is not inserted, as she was not buried at 
Caistor. (Vide Lines. N. £s^ ^., pt. ix.) 

Carlton-le-Moorland. I. On N. wall of chantry 

Disney &mily, 1556-1595. 

Square tablet with inscription: — 

**In hac capella iacent Johannes Disney secundus filius 
Johannis Disney de Norton Disney armig. et pater 
Gulielmi Disney de Norton praeaid. qui uxorem 
duxit Elizabetham filiam Walcott de Walcott armig. 
ex qua tres filios Thomam scilicet Jacobum et 
Anthonium genuit et obiit circiter anno d'ni 1556, ac 
etiam praedi^us Thomas Disney armig. filius et heres 
. . Johannis praedi£ti qui uxore' duxit Katherinam 
filiam Augustini Porter de Belton armig. ex qua 
filios 4 viz. Edwardum Johan'em Henricum et 
Thomam genuit obiitq. 17 Aprilis 1568, necnon 
Edwardus Disney praedi6l. armig. cui nupta fuit Jana 



filia Willhelmi Thorold de Harmston armig. ex qua 
5 filios suscepit vizt. Thomam Henricum Gulielmum 
Johannem et Richardum totidemq. Alias Katherinam 
scilicet Janam Mariam An'am & Elizabethan! atq. 
obiit 7 Septembris anno D'ni 1595 aetatis suae . . .•** 

2. On N. wall of chancel. 

Robert Peterson and family, 1 608-1 61 2. 

Square tablet with inscription: — 

''Memoriae sacr'. | Roberti Peterson, filii Gulielmi 
Peterson armig. et Ursulae uxoris eius filiae Benjamin! 
Gonson armig. et questoris regiae classis qui post 
hanc vita' cum laude et virtute pera£bim multu' 
desiderati hinc ad meliorem feliciter com'igrarunt ille 
scilicet 20 die Martii anno D'ni 1608 aetat. suae 67, 
haec vero 20 die Maii 161 1 aetatis suae 57, quibus 
unica tantum suscepta proles Ursula, Thomae Disney 
Alio et heredi Edwardi Disney armig. matrimonio 
sociataeaq. binos filios eidem peperit vizt. Edwardum 
qui Jan. 15, 1610, menses natus undece', necnon 
Thomam qui Apr. 25, 161 2, unum natus annu' & 
5 dies e vita sublati hie etiam depositi iacent: iidem 
Thomas & Ursula uxor eius officii amoris & doloris 
eorum monumentum maestissimi consecrarunt." 

*CoTESt (Great), i. Pavement, central passage of nave. 
Isabella Barnardiston, c. 1420. 

On a large marble slab; a lady in square head-dress and 
long robe; hands joined; probably of provincial work; shields 

Inscription below: — ''Hie iacet Isabella quond'm uxor 
Roger! de Bar | nardiston armig' cuius a'i'e p'picietur 
de' Amen." 
HaineSy i., p. 28; Line, Arch. Soc. Rep.y 1878, p. 165; Arch. 
Inst Rep.y 1848, p. liii. 

2. Pavemen^ chancel, partly covered by the altar, and much 

Sir Thomas Barnardiston and family, 1503. 
Husband and wife, eight sons and seven daughters, all 
kneeling; over the husband, "Ihu miserere mihi"; over the 

* This figure is obliterated by a nail. 

f The spelling ** Coates " is erroneous, ^^cote" or *'cot*' having always retained 
the sense of ^'enclosure* or **fold"; **coat,*' lit. a covering, originally the same 
word, has the specialised seoK of clothing. 


wife, ^Fiat voluntas tua.** The second son is a priest, and 
has a rosette on his shoulder, similar to that of Richard Bethell, 
at Shorwell, I.W. (which is figured in Haines) \ the third 
daughter apparently a nun ; above, a representation of the 
Resurre£tion, Christ rising from among the soldiers; two 
shields ; peculiar marginal inscription (mutilated*) : — 

*' Orate pro animabus Thonue de Bamardiston miUtis filil 

Thomae de Barnardiston defun6H du' vixit de Mikkyl 

Cotes in com' Lincol' et EHxabetha uxoris praedini 

Thoma nuperfitie Georgii Nestpert dum vixit de Pelham 

in com' Merford armig." 

Below: — "In the Worsdiippe of y* Resurreco' of o' 

lord & the blessed sepul | cur & for the soule of 

S' Thomas Barnardiston knight & dame Eliza | beth 

hjrs Wyfe & of yo' charitie say a pr'noster ave & cred 

& ye schall have lac days of p'don to yo' med f 

which S' Thomas deceese | d the xxix dav I of lune 

of y* yere of o' lord mdiii on whose Soull Ihu' have 


HaineSy i., pp., 103, 226; ii., p. 262 (corredHons) ; Line, 

Arch. Soc. Rep.y 1870, p. 165; Arch, Inst. Rep^ 1848, p. liii. 

The Barnardiston family, of Kedin^ton, Suffolk, acquired 

the estate in the reign of Edward 11^ by marriage with 

Margaret Willoughby. The moat of the hall may still be 

traced S.W. of the cnurch. The church formerly possessed at 

least two other brasses of the &mily — ^John Barnardiston, Re£tor, 

1406, and Joanna Barnardiston, 1453 (recorded in Holies* 

Notes; Harleian MSS., No. 6829); ^^^ ^'^^ ^^ ^^^ former is 

now the step to the S. door. 

Cotes-by-Stow. All on wall of chancel. 

Butler &mily. 

I. William Butler, in armour, and a lady (wife Elizabeth) 
— between them an infant, with this inscription: — "Priscilla 
unica eorum proles obijt infans." Above, the arms of Butler 
and Yorke empaled, with crests. Above that, " Non habemus 
hie manentem civitatem sed futuram inauirimus." Beneath, 
"Hie subtus requiescit Gulielmus Butler filius Anthonij Butler 
de Cotes in Comitatu Lincoln' armigeri natu secundus qui duxit 
in uxorem Elizabetham, Georgii Yorke de Ashby in Kesteven 
eiusdem Comitatus armigeri, hliam, qui quidem Gulielmus 

* The words in italics are supplied from Hoila, 
f Some read 'ned ' or 'need.' 


(immatura morte praereptus) obijt vicesimo odavo die Aprilis 
anno domini 1590 et suaeaetatis 26." 

2. Charles Butler, in armour, and wife Douglas, kneeling. 
Above, the arms of Butler and Tyrwhit. Beneath, five sons, 
superscribed Joannes, Gulielmus, Carolus, Antonius, Thomas; 
and three daughters, Helena, Martha, Helena. Beneath, 
*' Carolus primogenitus Antonii Butler de Cotes juxta Stowe 
beatae Mariae armigeri duxit Douglissam, Marmaduci Tirrwhit 
de Scotter armigeri terciam filiam. Obijt Aprilis xvii., mdcii, 
annum agens xlii." Quadrangular plate. 

3. A shield in brass, c, 150O) Butler impaling Quarterly 
I and 4 Wogan, 2 and 3 Paly of 6, on a fesse 3 muUets. 

4. On another brass, surmounted by the Butler arms, with 
helmet, crest, and mantling: — 

"Here lyeth the body of Mr. Anthony Butler (son of 
Anthony Butler) of Coates in the County of 
Lincolne, Esq*^. who dyed the Ninth day of .Aprill 
in the veare of our Lord 1673, being the last heire 
male of this femily.'* 

CoNiSHOLME. Nave pavement. 

John Langholme and family, 151 5. 

Effigies of husband and wife kneeling; behind, five sons and 
nine daughters ; marginal inscription : — 

" + Hie sub lapide marmoreo tumulantur corpora Johannis 
Langholme de Conisholme in comitatu Lincoln' 
armigeri et Anne uxoris eius qui quidem Johannes 
obiit primo die mens' 0£tobris Anno Christ! 
millesimo quingentesimo quinto decimo quorum 
animabus propicietur Deus. Amen. Ihu mercy, 
Lady helpe.** 

Jrch, Inst. Rep.y 1848, p. liii. 

CoRRiNGHAM. I. Wall of chancel. 

Henry ClilFord, 1628. 

2. On oak frame affixed to N. wall of sanctuary. 

Robert and Thomas Broxholme, 1631. 

Shields of arms below, boar's head in each corner, and 

inscription partly in capitals, (some words obliterated by nails) : — 

" Anno dni mdcxxxi. | To the Glorie of God and for 

the pious Remem | brance of their dear Brethren, 

Robert and Thomas I Broxholme, Gent, late of 

Corringham in this | County of Lincolne deceased 


and here interred, | Henry and Mary Broxholme 
(yet living) er«fted | this Memorial who with their 
deceased brethren | aforenamed living together above 
60 years, and for the most J parte of the time in 
one Famely in | most Brotnerly Concord, Com- 
passionate to each other | Beloved of their Neighbours 
Charitablei to the Poor | and Constant in the 

Profession of the true Rehgion | one 

(by the power of God) to dye in the | same Faith, 
and here to rest together with them in | one and 
the same Hope of a glorious Resurre6lion. 

** Thou^ to few in pert on they were known. 
Yet bom in Will and Minde they were but one. 
One Father and one Mother them begot. 
And they made up one forefold Tnie-Love-Knot. 
They kept one Famely, and (which is rare) 
They had no Jarringi neither Discord e there. 
None of them were agrieved or discontent 
That either of the other Gave or Spent. 
On one plaine Path they walked all their Days, 
Nor Judging nor Invieng others waies. 
Nor so much caring for the World's esteeme 
As to be truly That which they did seeme. 
One Faith, one Hope, one Love they (living] had, 
Which them the Members of one Body made. 
Though none of them had Husband, Child, or Wife, 
They mist no blessings of the married life $ 
For to the Poore they ever vrere united * 
Of Husband, Wife, and Parent at their need, 

Though they who knew them and Beleive 

That their Immortal Bodies these 

They shall make up the train of those 

That waite upon the Lamb where'er he goes." 

Line, t/trch, Soc. Rep.j 1866, p. 2365 Allen, Lincolnshire^ 
ii.,p. 31. 

CovENHAM St. Bartholomew. Chancel pavement. 
John Skypwythe, 141 5. 

On a ^ray slab, a knight in armour, 2ft. lOin. long; in 
bascinet, plate armour, camail, close-fitting j upon, and transverse 
sword-belt j with large cuffed gauntlets adorned with "gadlets ** 
or '^^dlings" (knobs or spikes on the knuckles), and very long 
" soUerets or plates on the upper part of the feet, which rest 
upon a lion. Inscription : — 

"Hie iacet Joh'es Skypwyth' armiger qui obiit xv* die 
Mensis lulii Anno D'ni mill'imo cccc® xv* cui* a*i'e 
p'piciet' Deus. Amen." 

* This must be a mis-cutting for ** insted.'* 


Hainesy i, p. 28; Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.^ 1873, p. 10 5 Arch. 
Inst. Rep.^ 1848, p. liii. Given by Haines as ^ peculiar," and 
probably the work of a provincial engraver. 

Croft. Nave pavement. 

A knight, c. 1300. 

Set on a fiiU-sized slab of Purbeck, now mudi broken, 
surrounded with a border legend, partly de&ced, and evangelistic 
symbols at the corners : in coif de mailUs^ hauberk of banded 
mail, with the sleeves contmued over the raised hands, 
and plain ^cyclas" (a sleeveless tunic shorter in front than 
behind) \ no plate-armour at all is represented. Below this 
demi-figure are two smaU beds, apparently cut for the insertion 
of some other details, but from their shape and position it is 
difficult even to suggest what they could have been intended 
for. The border legend is similar in charader to that of Sir 
John D'Aubemoun at Stoke d' Abernon, and runs: — 

" Ici gist Sir by, pur Deu pr[iez pur lui ke Deu 

de] sa alme eyt merci." 

Haines y i, pp. 146, 149; Boutell, Brasses^ pp. 28, 114; 
Boutell, Christian Afonuments^ p. 147 (brass without the slab 
figured) } Line. Arch. Soc.Rep.^ '875, p. 71 i Arch. Inst. Rep.^ 
1848, p. liii. 

This is an important brass, the earliest in the county after 
that of Buslingthorpe, which it somewhat resembles. The name 
is unfortunately lost, and the termination *^by" which remains 
of the title is too common in the neighbourhood to give any 
clue. Banded mail is supposed to be of rings set edgeways and 
sewed on, but may be only a conventional form of representing 
interlaced chain mail. Haines^ i, p. 149. 

Two other slabs in the nave pavement originally had brasses ; 
one a large Purbeck slab of a civilian and his wire from whose 
mouths issued labels flowing upwards to a small half-figure of 
the Virgin and Child : the other, smaller, of a civilian, with 
beds at the corners either for shields or the evangelistic symbols. 

Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.^ 1875, p. 71. 

DowsBY. Six small brass plates with inscriptions, now in 
the vestry, formerly in the chancel pavement. 

1. Redmayne 6urrell, 1682; in large capitals. 

"Here lyes ye Body of Redmain Burrel Esq. Who 
departed this life the 7th day of February, 1682." 

2. Judith Clerk, 1 706 \ in round text. 

" Here lyeth the Body of Judeth, wife of Humfrey Hyde 
Clerk, who departed this life Novemb'. the 9**, 
1 706." 

3. Thomas Burrell, 1 733 ; in capitals. 

"Here lyeth the Body of Th. Burrell Esq. who departed 
this life. Decern. 22**', 1733, aged 60. 

4. William Burrell, 1742; in capitals. 

"Here lyeth ye Body of Willm Burrell, obijt April 27th, 
1 742, iEtat. 6?.*' 

5. Redmayne Burrell, 1760 ; in capitals. 

"Here lyeth the Body of Redmayne Burrell Gent, died 
June 21 1760, aged 84. 

6. Thomas Burrell, 1 763 ; in capitals and small round text, 

much worn. 
"Thomas Burrell Esq. died i6th Dec', 1763, aged 47.** 

Driby. On N. wall of nave. 

James Prescot and wife Alice, 158 1-2. 

Two small effigies, kneeling, with clasped hands, each at a 
desk with open bookj head of the husband lost; five sons, 
one daughter. Inscription below: — 

" Here lyeth the bodyes of James Prescot, gent.. Lord of 
the Manor of Drybie, and of Alice his wife daughter 
of S' Richard MoUyneux of Scefton in ye Countye 
of Lancaster knight, who had issue betwene them 
5 sonnes and one daughter^ which Alice deceased ye 
xi*^ of May, 1581, & the sayd James deceased tne 
first of March, 1583." Above, a shield with crest, 
Prescot} on dexter side, MoHneux; on sinister, 
Prescot impaling MoUneux (partly lost). 

Arch. Inst. Rep. 1848, p. liv. ; Oldfield, Wainfleet^ p. 160. 

Edenham. In a shallow panel in the outer face of the W. 
wall of tower, 40 ft. from the ground. 

An Archbishop, c. 1500. 

Effigy of an Archbishop, i8in. long, having long pufFed- 
out hair and marked features; in a jewelled and crocketed 
mitre with acorns on top ; albe, with appareb, stole, dalmatic, 
chasuble, maniple, amice, with apparels, and archbishop's 
pallium bearing the 7 crosses ; archiepiscopal crozier in left hand, 
right hand with three fingers raised in benedidlion ; standing on 
a mound ; feet hidden. 

Lime. Arch, Sac. Rep. 1887, p. 98 (paper by Bp. Trollope), 
figured; Limes. N. far ^ vol. i., p. 177. 

This brass b of great interest, fix>m the extraordinary 
position it occupies. It is ahnost inaccessibly but the panel 
in the tower was apparently made for it. It is mentioned 
in CoL Holies' Notes (Harleian MSS., Brit. Mus. 6829) as 
^effigies aerea Episcopi, ut autumo, super Campanile ex parte 
occidentali," but he evidently did not know who was 
represented. Since then its existence has been almost 
fixgotten. It is most probably not a sepulchral brass, but an 
effigy of St. Thomas of Canterbury, the patron saint of the 
donor of the tower, the rivets of whose brass, kneeling, can be 
seen lower down on the other side of the W. window. This 
brass was doubtless saved from destruction by its inaccessible 

2. Inscription on brass plate on the monument of the third 
and fourth Dukes of Ancaster, S. side of chancel, to appear in 
the Addendum. 

EvEDON. On the front of W. gallery. 
Daniel Hardeby and family, 161 0. 

On one plate husband and wife, Ann, kneeling at a double 
desk with books; curtain above, chequered pavement below; 
5 sons, 8 daughters. On separate plate the legend, 

^Danieli Hardeby de Evedon in Com. Lincoln' Armigero, 
Uni Justiciar' D'ni Regis ad pacem in Com. praed. 

Juit did this Justice liene, and dyinge just 
At all good mortals ought, sleeps here in dntt \ 
Blest skepe ! where dying ashes do receive. 
An Heavenly body from an earthly grave." 

{John. Bryan. ^Elizabeth. Mary. Katharine. 

WiUiam. Filiae-c Mary, dusan. 

Charles. Edward. (^ Ann. Susan. Judith. 

On a third plate is a shield bearing Hardeby impaling a 
fesse charged with three fleurs de lis. 

Trollope, Sleaford^ p. 241. 

The Hardeby or Harby family, from Harby in Notts, the 
place where Queen Eleanor died, became tenants of the 
Bishop of Lincoln at Evedon in the 14th cent. The font here 
was probably presented by one of the family, as it bears their 
arms. Ann Hardeby, tne daughter, married Sir Peregrine 
Bertie, who is buried in the church« 


FisKERTOK. Pavement, S. 

A Priest, c 1490^ perhaps the restorer of the church. 

Small effigy, in cope, apparently of provincial workmanship^ 
and probably by an engraver of incised slabs. 

Haimsj ii^ p. 118; •^rch. Inst. Rjp. 1848^ p. liv.; Allen, 
Lincolnshire^ ii«, p. 52. 
[This brass was discovered in a dealer's shop at Lincoln by the 

present Bishop of Nottingham in or about the year 1803.] 

Frieston. Wall of N. aisle. 
Simon Clarke, 1607. 

The original brass is lost. A new brass has been put up, 
stating that he was the Donor of the BedcL and that the brass 
was renewed by the Trustees in the Jubilee Year of Queen 
Victoria, 1887. 

The brass had effigies of Simon Clarke and Mary his wife^ 
with this inscription: — 

^ Ecce necis speculum celeri venit aspera gressu j Mors 
quoscunq. rapit fake rapace sua. | Hie iacet in tumulo 
Symon cognomine Clarcus, | Providus eternas alli- 
minavit opes. | Charus erat cuniSis, multos ditavit 
amicos, | Pauperibus miseris maxima dona dedit. | 
Terra tenet corpus, superis animumq. rdinquo, | Ast 
sua nobiscum munera multa manent. 1 Funde Deo 
laudes, ^restonia, caeliferentL | Qui tibi tale dedit 
(teq. parente) bonum. | Siq. diem queris, annum, seu 
tempora mortis, | Quae sequitur liquido linea scripta 
^Predidus Symon Clarke obiit 10^ die Feb. Anno 1607. 
Maria nuper Vxor eius obiit 5^ die April proximo 
sequent! Anno Domini 1608." 
HoUes^ Notes (c. 1640) in Harleian MSS., British Museum, 
6829, P* ^^» quoted in Thompson, Hist. Boston^ p. 518. 

^ Simon Clarke in 1595 gave a rent-charge of /8 per annum, 
payable out of the Re^ry of Fishtoft, to be divided equally 
among four impotent and unmarried poor people of the parish 
of Freiston." 
Thompson, Hist. Boston^ p. 522. 


I. Pavement, E. end of N. aisle (Tourney Chantry). 

Elizabeth Tourney, 1452. 



Small half-length figure, the engraving quite eflfaced ; above, 
matrices of two shields -, on a brass band below the inscription 
(only attached to the stone by a single rivet) : 

"Hie jacet Elizabeth Tournay quondam s' c' d' a vxor Johis 
Tournay armigeri et ffiiia Joh'is Andrewse Armigeri 
que obiit xx^ die me'sis Nouembris A'o d'ni 
M°cccc*>Lii®. cui* a'i*e p*piciet* deus Ame," 
2. N. wall of N. Aisle. 
Anne Tourney, 1647. 
Brass plate with inscription: 

"Hie sunt ossa Annx Tourney vidvae (Nup* vx'is Joh*is 
Tourney Armigeri defuncti) tempore vitse suae 
servitio dei diligentis, indigentib' charativae adminis- 
tricis libero' educac'one p'seMulae viduam vix it triginta 
quinq' Annos et amplius et ablinc migravit 19 die 
Aprilis A'o D'ni 1647, aetatis suae 65. Abiit non 
Obiit: Preiit non Periit." 
The Tourney arms were: arg. a chevron between three bulls 
sa. attired or. 

Peacock, Church Furniture^ p. 215. 

Grainthorpe. Pavement, chancel. 

A foliated cross, 1 380-1400. 

7 ft. high when entire; the stem, one of the finials, and 
marginal legend, lost ; the head has external cusps like a canopy ; 
in centre of head a rich quatrefoiled circle enclosing a cross ; 
base resting on a rock in the sea, in which are five fishes of 
different kinds, accurately shown. 

Haines^ i., p. 135; Boutell, 3Honumental Brasses^ p. 26, 
and plate; ditto. Christian Monuments j p. 43, figured; t^rch. 
Inst. Rep. 1848, p. liv. 

This, if perfect, would be perhaps the most beautiful cross 
now extant. 

Great Grimsby, St. James. 

No brasses now exist here, but there are matrices of several at 
the W. end. HoUes* Notes (Harleian MSS. No. 6829} mention : 

William Wele and wife, with SS. collar, [first half of 
fifteenth century] in N. aisle ; and Galfridus Pedde, 1408. The 
latter, according to Gough^s CoUeifions for Lincolnshire in the 
Bodleian (No. 11, p. 8), had a scroll over the head inscribed, 
^In God is all quoth Pedde." Mottoes are rare; there is 
another in All Saints', Stamford* 

Haines^ ii., p. 118, 


GuNBY St. Peter. 

I. On slab in pavement, nave. 

r Thomas [?] Massingberd and wife Johanna, [?] e. 1400. 

\ Thomas Massingberd and wife Johanna, 1552. 

Length 5ft. 6in.; under double canopy, much injured; the 
knight in pointed bascinet, camail, SS. collar, jupon, broad 
bawdric or hip-belt, plated epaulieres, pointed poleyns (knee- 
pieces), and cuffed gauntlets; feet on lion. The lady in 
crespine (head-dress of network), veil hanging down on either 
side, SS. collar, tight-fitting dress with cufis covering half the 
hands, and mantle; feet on two little dogs. The original 
inscription was in incised letters. Five shields, of which two 
remain, one bearing the older Massingberd arms. 

This fine brass was used in 1552 with discreditable economy 
to serve as the memorial of two descendants, curiously bearing 
it seems, the same names, Thomas and Johanna Massingberd. 
The new inscription was in raised letters, over the incised one 
beaten out, a few letters of which are visible. 

^ Sr Thomas Massyngberde knight and dame Johan his 
wyfe specyale desyres all resnabuU creaturs of yowr 

charvte to eyfe lawde and prays unto queen of 

everlastyng lyfe with '* 

Boutell, Monumental Srasses^ p. 35 (two plates) ; Haines^ i., 
pp. 149, 185 (fringe of camail) ; Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.j 1865, 
p. 86 : /Irch. Inst. Kep. 1 848, p. liv. ; Burke, Commoners^ vol. iii. ; 
Oldfield, IVainfleetj p. 194; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 145. 

^'The character of the inscription which in part remains 
indicates a lurking desire to offer up an invocation to the 
Virgin Mary, although it stops short of this, and expends 
itself simply in terms of high laudation.** (It is in the last 
year of Edward VI). 

^^Of the five shields that at one time adorned this slab, two 
only now remain, one charged with the older Massingberd 
bearings, viz.: 3 quatrefoils, a boar passant in chief, with a 
cross patonce on its shoulders, and the same impaling a coat 
now destroved. According to Holies the other bore ermine 
a fess, for '^Bernak **; three elmets within a bordure engrailed, 
for ^Halliday"; on a cross humette,5 escallops between 4 lions 
rampant for ^' Massingberd," as granted to Sir Thomas 
Massingberd by Thomas Wriotheslev, Garter, and the then 
Clarencieux, 6 Henry VIII., and still borne quarterly by the 
family. Whether all of these were inserted at the second 
dedication of this slab must remain doubtful, but the last was 


certainly then added, and is an interesting reminhcence of Sir 
Thomas' connexion with the Hospitallers, as there is reason to 
think that its bearinss, being those of Villars diflerenced, were 
allowed him bjr Viuus de V Isle Adam, the Grand Master of 
the Order, when he visited England after the fall of Rhodes, 
and took with him to Malta Sir Thomas* second son. Sir 
Oswald, as an assistant in the defence of that then outwork of 

Bp. TroUope, in Line. Arch. Soc. Rip.^ 1865, P- ^7- 
It is certain, from the costume, that the brass must have 
been engraved c. 1400-1405. Thomas Massingberd, of 
Ounby, married Johanna, daughter of Thomas Bernak, of 
Burgh, and then lived at Burgh; he died about 1435. The 
Line. ^rcL S§c. Rep. says 1405, but Dale in his History of 
the Massingberds gives a deed of his executed in 1434. Either 
therefore the brass must have been engraved in his lifetime, or 
It represents his father. 

• Sir Thomas Massineberd of the inscription married Johanna 
daughter of Thomas Dra)rtoft, through which marriage the 
manor of Bratoft passed to the Massingberd family. He was 
a Knight of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. 

The Rev. W. O. Massingberd, of South Ormsby, has in his 
possession an interesting engraving with a diamond on glass 
which was formerly thought to be a copy of the brass in its 
original state. It represents a knight and ladv, with the older 
Mmingberd arms above, and on the reverse tne inscription: 
^Tumuli de Thomae Massingberd et Margarite uxor ejus 

Ex* 1764 by 
Lincoln. John Eales. 


of your charytie pray for | y* soules Of said Sir Thom : 

I and Marfi;arita hys wifi^ wh: | sayd Syr Thomas 

decessed in | 12 daye Nov* in the year of | our Lord 

God a thousand I three hundreth and nynte | four on 

whose soule ana I all Chrysten soules Jesu I have 

mercy. Amen." 

But (i) the effigies do not correspond, the SS. collar and the 

belt being absent in the engraving; (2) the inscription was 

beaten out in 1552, and cannot have been copied in 1764; (3) 

from the small portions of the incised inscription visible it seems 

certain that it was in Latin, not English. Either therefore the 

engraving is purely an invention of John Eales, or it refers to 

some other Sir Tliomas Massingberd of whom there is no record 

in the pedigrees. 


2. On a slab in nave, formerly on an altar-tomb. 

William Lodyngton, Justice of the Common Pleas, 141 9. 

Under an elegant canopy, 4 feet long; in judicial robes, 
mantle and coif (of which it is an important example), anelace 
(dagger) in girdle; feet on a leopard; two shields, the dexter 
one Tost, the remaining one bearing '^3 pallets, on a chief a 
lion passant gardant for Lodington impaling Um/raville,** 
Inscription below: 

Loodyngton Willum strido tumulo requtetcens. 
Justus erat quonuim sit celestis dape vescens. 

** Hie iacet WilPs de Lodvngton, quonda Vnus Justicia | 
rior' illustrissimi dn i Kegis Henrici quinti de ca'i* 
I Banco, qui obiit nono die mensis Januar' Anno | 
d ni M<>cccc®xixo cuius aie ppiciet' De\ Amen.** 
Haines J i., p. 90; Boutell, 3ionumental Brasses^ p. 45; 
Cambridge Camden Soc. (figured) vi., p. 199; Line. Arch, Soc, 
Rep.j 1865, p. 87; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 145; Oldfield, 
Wainfleet^ p. 194. William Lodington was made a judge, 
June 16, 1 41 6. {Lines. Notes &r ^erieSy i., p. 211. Pat. 3 
Hen. V. Dugdale, Orig. Judic.) 


No brasses are to be found in this church now, but Holies' 
U^tes (Harleian MSS. Brit. Mus.. 6829), quoted in Allen's 
Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 173, give the following: "On a gravestone 
of blue marble in y* body of y* church is portrayed in brasse one 
in compleate armour, bearing upon y^ manches of his coat of 
arms on either side 2 crescents. Between his feet a right hand 
couped. The rest is defaced." 

Hainton. I . On slab in pavement, N. chantry. 
John Heneage and wife Alice, 1435. 

Husband in short gown, with full sleeves and hood ; wife in 
long-sleeved gown, horned head-dress, and veil; feet on a 
mound. Inscription below: — 

"Hie iacet Johes Henej^e et Alicia uxor eius qui obiit 
xxxv* die Mensis Septembris Anno D'ni mill'mo 
cccc* xxxv*^ cui' aie p'piciet' de'. Amen." 
2. Wall of N. chantry, formerly in pavement. 
John Heneage and wife, 1530. 

Small narrow plate, with inscription partly mutilated by 
large nails : 

• Communi (the Court of Common Pleas.) 


" Hie iacet Johes Hennage armig et Katerina uxor eius | 
q* quide Johes obiit ult * ie mens marcii A^ diii 
m* I ccccxxx quor aiabs ppicietur de' amen.'* 
3. On altar-tomb in chancel. 

Sir Thomas Heneage (son of No. 2), wife, and daughter, 1553. 
Small altar-tomb of Purbeck, with reredos, having 3 effigies 
and shields in brass, but filled in with enamel, so that they do not 
admit of a rubbing. Sir Thomas (head replaced or renewed) 
kneeling at a faldstool, the daughter behind wife; scrolls 
coming from the mouth of husband and wife; the knight 
(head lost) in armour, wearing a tabard or heraldic coat 
displaying his family bearings, Heneage and Reston^ impaling 
Skip^ith; gauntlets on ground; wife and daughter wearing 
mantles adorned with similar bearing. On the knight's label, 
" Pater de ccelis Deus miserere nobis j" on the lady's, " Filf 
Redemptor mundi miserere nobis." Two scutcheons of arms, 
and on a shield cut in the marble below, '^ S. T. H. K." (Sir 
Thomas Heneage, Knight). Inscription on tomb : — 

^' Here under lieth Sir Thomas Henneage Knight Chief 
Gentilma of the Prevey Chamber to y* kinge of 
flamous memorye King Henry the Eight Sonne and 
heyre of John Henneage Esquier who maried 
Kateryne daughter of Sir John Skypwyth Knyght 
which Sir Thomas and Kateryne had Isshu Elizabeth 
now being wyfle to the right honorable the lorde 
Willoughbye of Parh'm. the said Sir Thomas 
Henneage departed this lifie xxj^ day of August in 
the yere of our Lorde God m^ccccclij uppon whose 
soul I'hu have mercy. Amen." 
Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.j 1862, p. 168 j Arch. Inst. Rep.^ 1848, 
p. Liv. (omits No. 2) ; Allen, Lincolnshirej ii., p. 68. 

Hale. i. On wall, E. end of N. aisle. 
Anne Cawdron, 1625. Small plate, with shields of arms 
above, and inscription, in capitals : 

" Here lyeth interred the bodie of Anne I Cawdron wife 
of Robt Cawdron of | Create Hale £)sq' one of the 
davghters | of Edward King Esq' who was bvried y* 
xviij^'^of Ivly 1625. W [j/V] sayd Robert | Cawdron 
had by the sayd Anne his wife | x sonnes and vi 
2. Below the preceding. 

Francis Cawdron, 1 650. Redangular plate, with inscription, 
in capitals: 


^Hic reqviescit in Domino Franciscvs Cawdron | filivs 
Roberti Cawdron Armigeri qvi ob faeli | cissimam 
indolem moresq svavissimos magnu' | svi apvd omnes 
desiderivm relinqvens corp' I humo dolorem amicis 
cxlo animam comendavit. | Hoc monumentu' amoris 
et maeroris perpetvvm testem charissim' eivs frater 
Antonivs | Cawdron posvit | obijt an* 1650 setatis 
svae 3I^'' 
3. Robert Cawdron, 1665. 

Gray marble slab of an ecclesiastic, fourteenth century, 
adorned with stemmed cross springing from a lion, half effigy, 
and border legend, all now lost ; small plate with ^'R. C, 1665 
Trollope, SUmford^ p. 374. 

Halton Holgate. S. wall of nave. 
Bridget Rugeley, 1658. 

Kneeling, three-quarters effigy, well designed for date; 
prayer book in hand. Inscription: — 

^ Here lies buried the body of Bridgett the wife of John 

Rugeley daughter and heire of Thomas Thorey who 

Deceased the 15*** day of May in y* yeare of our 

Lord, 1658. ^tatis suae 21. 

Liru. Jrchu Soc, Rep,j 1865, p. 65} Arch. Inst. Rep.^ 1848, 

p. LIV. 

Harlaxton. N. Chantry chapel. 

William Strood and wife Agnes, 1498. 

Small plate with inscription: 

"Hie iacent Willm' Strood et Agnes uxor eius qui 
obieriit xix die mensis | fFebruarij Ao dni millmo 
cccc Lxxxviij^ quoru afabus ppicietur deus amen." 

Haines^ ii., p. 122. 

Harpswell. N. wall of chancel, formerly in pavement. 

Knight and Lady, c. 1480. 

Kneeling effigies; on a modern black marble slab; knight 
in armour of the date. "We may fairly suggest that it 
commemorated John Whichcote and his wife Margaret 
(Tyrwhit, of Ketilby), who was living in 1478, but died soon 

Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.^ 1866, p. 240. 
[In this Report the brass of Marmaduke Tyrwhit, 1599, ^^ 

Scotter, is assigned by a mistake to Harpswell church, but 

correded in corrigenda prefixed to the vol.] 


Hailrington. I. WaU of chancel. 

Margaret Copledike, 1480. 

Removed from a slab in chancel pavement, which once had 
effigies of John Copledike and his wife Imrgaret (Tilney), 
and inscription. This, according to Holies' JNotes (Harleian 
MSS., British Museum, No. 6029), was, ^ Orate pro ani" 
Joh" Copledike et Margarette ux' eius que ob* an. 1480/' 
The lady in mantle, workmanship peculiar. 

2. Wall of chancel, formerly in pavement. 

Sir John Copledike and wife Elizabeth, 1552, 1557. 

Effigies lost; inscription only remains. 
"Here lyeth S' John Copledike Knight late of Harring- 
ton, Deceased, who dyed the vii^ day of December 
1557 and Elizabeth Littlebury his wyfe who dyed 
the vii*^ day of July 1552." 

3. On altar^omb, chancel. 

John Copledike and wife Ann, 1582, 1585. 
Husband in armour. Inscription: — 
/"Here lieth John Copledike Esquier sonne & ayre to 
S' John Copledike late of Harrington deceased who 
dyed the iiii^ of Aprill 1585 and Ane Etton his 
wyfe who dyed the v*^ of June 1582. 
Haines^ Addenda, ii., p. 262; Line, Arch. Soc. Rep^^ ^^f>Sy 
p. 49. 

Alexander de Cubbledyk (from Coppledike, near Boston) 
held a knight's fee here early in the fourteenth century, and 
died 1335- A panel of the Perp. font bears a shield charged 
Coppledike impaling Tilney^ and was probably the gift of John 
and Margaret Coppledike (No. i.) (Line, Arch. Soc. Rep,) 

Hatcliffe. Floor of vestry, formerly in chancel. Plate 
with inscription, now almost entirely illegible, belonging to a 
stone with effigies of a knight, lady, and several children : the 
knight in plate armour with collar of SS. (ist half of fifteenth 
century.) The knight's shield bears. Quarterly i and 4, three 
quatrefoils ; 2 and 3, two bars ; over alia lion rampant. 

Gent. Alag,^ Oct., 1829 (letter by Dr. Oliver ); Arch. Imt. 
Vjp.y 1 848, p. Ivii., note. 

H AWERBY. Wall of Nave. 
Elizabeth Humfray, 1639. 

Rectangular plate with inscription (in capitals, except the 
first line, roughly executed): 


'^Memoriae Sacrum. Post Mortem Vita. | Here lieth 
the Body of Elizabeth | Humfray wife to Nathaniel 
Humfray | leaving behinde her only two sonns | 
Thomas and Nathaniel shee was eldest daughter to 
Nathaniell Pilkington | Parson of Northcotes and 
Parson of Ha | werby cum Beasby of the ancient 
family | of the Pilkingtons of Rivineton in Lanca | 
shire expecting a ioyfull Resurrection | at the later day 
whose posterity lived | sometime in the Bishoprick of 
Duresme her brother Bishop of that Sea [sic] 
vnmarried | the second broter [sic,"] Archdeacon of 
Duresme I the third brother M' of St. John's CoUedge 
in I Cambridge and Prebend of that Church of 
Duresme | and Parson of Whithorn. Who departed 
this life I the 1 2th of May Anno D° | 1 639." 

Heckington. Pavement of nave, eastern bay. 

1. John Cawdron, 1488. 
Small plate with inscription : 

*' Here lyeth John Ca[w]dron ye which deceased 20 Nov., 

For Goddet love pray for me. 

Thou knowett not what nede I have to thee. 

For charitie say a Pater noiter and an Ave." 

Above this was a Virgin and Child, now lost. 
TroUope, Sleafordj p. 395. 

2. William Cawdron, 1544. 

Small plate with inscription, mutilated : — 

"Here lyeth Will" Cawdron sotime BaylifF of Heckington, 

dept^ this world the last daye of A prill in the yeare 

of the Lord God mdxliii^ upon whose sowUe God 

have mercy. Amen." 

Haines^ ii., p. 122; Trollope, SUajord^^. 395. 

Holies' Notes (Harleian MSS., British Museum, No. 6829) 

record brass inscriptions of other members of the same family. 

Helpringham. N. wall of chancel. 

Anthony Newlove, 1597. 

Small brass plate, with inscription : — 

" Here lieth the boddie of Anthonie Newlove the elder 
patron of the Vicaridge of this churche of Helpring- 
ham, whoe departed this world ye fift daye of 
Oflober, 1597." 

Trollope, SUafardy p. 402." 


^ It appears that he was a mercer of Helpringham, from the 
evidence of his tokens [figured], but he was lay-reftor of 
Helpringham, 1 560, when he was called upon to show how he 
had become possessed of this, fi*om the following unclassical 
entry in the Exchequer Originalia: "De Antonio Newlove 
occasianato ad ostendum quo titulo tenet Re£boriam de 
Helpryngham in Com. Line." (TroUope, Sleafcrd,) 

HoLBEACH. I W. end of N. aisle. 

A Knight, c, 1400. 

In armour of the date ; head, canopy, and marginal inscrip- 
tion lost. 

Haines^ ii., p. 118; Arch. Inst. Rep.j 1848, p. liv.. Line. 
Arch. Soc. Rep.j ^872, p. 210; Macdonald, Account 0/ Holbeach^ 
p. 35 5 Scothard, Monumental Effigies (figured). 

2. Close to the preceding, formerly in central passage of 

Johanna Welbv, 1488. Effigy of a widow, and brass plate, 

apparently belongmg to it, inserted in a slab, with inscription : — 

"Orate p. ala dne Johanne Welby quodam ffilie Ricardi 

Leyke milit' | Nup uxoris Thome Welby armig' 

obiit XVIII. die mensis | Decembri anno dni 

M**ccccLXxxviii. cuj' ale ppi'ci'etur De' ame." 

Haines^ ii., p. 118; Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.^ 1872, p. 210; 
Macdonald, Account oj Holbeach^ p. 35. 

This plate seems to have undergone some restoration. There 
is also an interesting matrix of a small figure in Episcopal 
vestments under a canopy; formerly in chancel, now at W. 

HoNiNGTON. Pavement, chancel. 

John Hussey and wife Elizabeth, 1587. 

On a 14^ cent, slab of a priest, part of whose incised effigy 
remains, has been set a small brass plate, with inscription: 
"Here lieth John Hussey Esquier and Eliz. his wife, some- 
tyme Lord of this JMLanor, who in his lyfe tyme was a 
professor of the Ghospell, a counsellor for the poore, a 
fiather of the fetherless & faithfuU & constant to his 
friends, who died the 29th of August Anno Dom. 1587." 

Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.y 1867, p. 26. 

John Hussey was nephew of the Lord Hussey, beheaded 



HoRNCASTLE. Wall, near £. end of N. aisle. 

Sir Lionel Dymoke and children, 151 9 (twice represented). 

Small Purbeck slab, in which is inserted a small plate, 
"evidently by a goldsmith or engraver of copper-plate for 
books '^ (Haines) \ Sir Leo (Lionel) Dymoke kneeling on a 
cushion, with bare head and long hair; in armour, with 
a collar of mail round his neck, skirt of faces (overlapping 
plates) with a faM of mail pendent from it ; issuing from effigy 
a label inscribed S^cta trinitas unus Deus miserere noo. 
Below, inscription in black letter ; " In honore Scte et individue 
trinitatis Orate p' ala | Leonis Dymoke milit' q' obiit xvii die 
mes' augusti a** | Dni m**cccccxix. cui' ale ppiciet' de* Amen ;" 
then a trumpet with "Alleluia" issuing therefrom. On a small 
separate plate, now lost, two civilian sons, one wearing a gown 
with hanging sleeves, on reverse, part of 15th cent. Flemish 
marginal inscription; on the other, three daughters. Three 
shields of arms, on reverse of one a figure playing a violin, 
Flemish. The shields are charged with: "i. Sable two 
lions passant in pale, di)cally crowned or, Dymoke^ impaling 
Barry of 6, ermine and gules, 3 crescents sable, Waterton^ a 
crescent for difference. 2. Dymoke impaling Vaire on a fess 

fules frette or, Marmyon^ in chief ermine 5 fusils in fess, 
lebderiy a crescent for difference. 3. (Painted only in a 
cavity of the brass) argent a sword ere£l azure, hilt and pomel 
gules. (This matrix is quadrangular, and probably originally 
held a representation of the Holy Trinity.) 4. Dymoke 
impaling Quarterly gules and argent, a cross engrailed counter- 
changed, riaydon^ a crescent for difference." (tf^eir,) 

2. In the pavement below a second effigy of Sir Lionel in 
his shroud; two scrolls, much de&ced, issuing from head) 
below, 6 (literally) leonine vv., in black letter, nearly 

**' Leonit fona nunc hacc Dymoke capit ossa. 
Milei erat Regis cui parce Deus prece Matrit. 
Es testis Christe quod non iacet nic lapis iste 
Corpus at ometur sed spiritus ut memoretur. 
Hinc tu qui transis senex medius paer an sis 
Pro me funde precea quia sic mihi fit Tenie spes." 

Haines^ 1., pp. 30, 47, 56; Line. Arch. Sec. Rep.^ 1876, p. 
155; jfrch. Inst. Rep.^ 1848, p. liv.; Weir, Horncastle^ p. 30 
(figured, and with full account) ; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 94. 

i. On a brass plate in chancel. Size lo^in. by 7 in. 
)eath's Head with wings, and inscription, in Roman 
capitals : — 


^ Here lyes the body of | lohn Shelly Gen^ who | departed 
this life Oa^ I the 25*^ 1707 ^tat: 75.'' 
4* On a wing-shaped label near east end of nave. Size 
S^in. by 5in, 

A sicull and cross bones, and inscription, in cursive 
chara£lers : — 

" Here lyeth the | Body of M' | Rob* Lawrence | Sen' 
obiit I 0€t the 14 1721 | Etatis sus | 86. 

Ingoldmells. Pavement, S. aisle. 
William Palmer, 1520. 

Civilian, in gown with long sleeves ; hands joined in prayer ; 
beside him a stilt or long crutch. Inscription below: — 

"Pray for ye sowle of Willm Palmer wyth ye Stylt, 

whiche decessid on holy rode day In y* yere of our lord 

god A. M^ccccc.xx. on whose sowle ihu have mercy.'* 

Haines i., pp. 29, 123; ii., p. 118; Boutell, Monumental 

Brasses J p. 141 j Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.^ 1865, p. 78; Arch. 

Inst. Rep.y 1848, p. liv ; Archaol. Journal^ ii., p. 248 ; Oldfield, 

Wainfieet^ p. 215; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 138. 

A very rare example of bodily disease, not being the cause 
of death, commemorated. 

Irnham. I. Pavement, N. chantry; formerly "in the 
body of the church " (Allen). 

Sir Andrew Luttrell, 1390. 

On a eray slab; under fine polished and cusped ogee canopy, 
supported by slender shafts of which the dexter one is nearly 
gone; trefoiled openings in the cusps. Knight in helmet, 
camail, plated epaulieres, brassarts, and vambraces; cuffed 
gauntlets with gadlings, surcoat with scalloped edge, cuisses, 
genouillieres, jambarts, and soUerets; very rich hip-belt and 
ornamented sword; hands in prayer; feet on lion. Below, 
inscription : 

"Hie iacet Andreas Louttrell miles d'ns de Irnhm qui 
obiit vi*** die Septebr a d'ni mill** ccc** nonagesimo cui* 
ai'e p'piciet' deus. Amen.** 

Haines i., p. 160; ii., p. 118; Boutell, Brasses and Slabs 
p. 179; Arch. Inst. Rep,^ 1848, p. Iv. (figured); Cambridge 
Camden Society^ iv., p. 143, (figured); Line, tdrch. Soc. Rep.^ 
1875, p. 8; Allen, Lincolnshire ii., p. 297. 

This is one of the finest examples of complete military 
costume in the country. 


2, Pavement, N. chantry, near the preceding. 

A Knight, c. 1430. 

On slab; in plate armour, with plain helmet, gorget or plate 
collar over the camail, taces or plated skirts, large cuffed and 
plated gauntlets, sword on left thigh, and miser icorde or dagger 
on right. A shield and inscription lost. 

Haines J ii., p. 1 1 8 ; Line, t4!rch. Soc. Rep.y 1 875, p. 8 ; Arch, 
Inst. Rep.j 1 848, p. Iv. 

Kyme. N. wall of nave (there is no chancel). 
Lord Taylboys, 1530. 

A fragment from the destroyed monument, consisting of part 
of a Purbeck slab, on which is brass plate with legend ; effigies 
of lord and lady, shields with armorial bearings, and two short 
legends, lost. Inscription: 

" Here lieth Gylbert Taylboys lorde of | Kyme, which 

maried Elizabeth Blount, one of the | dowghters of Ser 

John Blount of Kynlet in the counte | of Shropshier, 

kniht, wych lord Taylboys departed | fourth of this 

world the xv day of Aprill 2? Dni | M®ccccc®xxx% 

whose soUe god pardon, amen. 

"Gervase Holies {Harlelan JI4SS. British Museum, No. 

6829) tells us ''that the now wanting armorial bearings were 

Arg, a saltires Gu, on a chief Gu, 3 escallops of the nrst, for 

TaylboySy impaling Nebuly of 6 pieces Or and Sa for Blount^ 

surmounted by the Taylboys' crest — 3. bull's head couped. 

The effigy of Lord Taylboys represented him in a tabard 

(heraldic coat) over his armour, on the body and sleeves of 

which appeared his heraldic bearings, as did those of his lady on 

her mantle. When the present N. wall was built, the vault 

containing the remains of Lord Taylboys and three children in 

leaden coffins was accidentally disclosed, and one of the latter 

was found to have been filled with a liquid serving to preserve 

the body in a wonderful way ^ the coffin of Lord Taylboys was 

not opened." 

TroUope, SUaford^ p. 260. 

Lady Taylboys was a mistress of Henry VIIL, and mother 
of Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond. She re-married 
Edward, Lord Clinton, afterwards Earl of Lincoln and Lord 
Admiral. Machyn in his diary {Camden Soc) says: "The iiii. 
day of September [155 1] ded my lade Admerell' wyfFe in 
Lynkolne-shire and ther bered }" but, it would appear, not at 


Laughton (by Gainsborough). On altar tomb, E. end of 
S. aisle. 

f A Knight, c. 1400. 

1 William and George Dalison, 1546, 1549. 
Under a triple canopy, very fine but badly restored (probably 
by the two Dalisons), a knight, in plain helmet, camail, 
epaulieres with wavy lines, vambraces, cuffed gauntlets with 
gadlings, jupon, rich horizontal bawdric or belt, and a trans- 
verse sword-belt also, cuisses, genouillieres, jambarts, and 
soUerets; sword left, misericorde, right ; hands in prayer; feet 
on lion, at his sword-belt, on a scutcheon, a flamboyant star of 
six points -, two flamboyant stars in the canopy. 

Below this, 150 years later, was inserted the inscription: — 

" Hie iacent Williamus Dalison Armig'quonda Vicecomes 

& escheator Comitat* Lincoln, ac un' Justiciar' pacis 

& quor in eodem Com. £t Georgius Dalison [ filius 

et heres Mus de Willim Qui quide Willims obiit decimo 

o<£bvo die mesis I DeceKris Anno dni m**ccccc®xlvj^ 

& A® regni nup regis Henrici odfavi xxxviij. | et 

didus Georgius obiit xx° die mensis Junii Anno diii 

M**ccccc**xLix & Anno | regni nup' regis Edwardi 

sexti tertio. Quar' aniar' p'pi'ci'etur deus amen." 

Haines^ i., pp. 53, 138, 139, 161 (figured); ii., 119; Boutell, 

Brasses and Slabs^ p. 152; do., Man, Brasses^ p. 34, and two 

plates ; Arch. Inst, Rep.^ 1 848, p. Iv. ; Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.j 

1866, p. 221 (inscription very incorred, and date given as 

1 543) ; Archaol. yourn,^ ii., p. 1 89 ; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 33. 

The name of the knight is unknown, but he is probably a 

Dalison, as they came into possession of the manor at an early 

period. The name (D'Alencon) is Norman, but the land 

here was given at the Conquest to Wido de Credon and 

Roger de Poitou, and when it passed to the Dalisons is 

uncertain. Sir Nicholas Dalison was lord of the manor in 

1406. The costume on this fine brass resembles that of Sir 

Andrew Luttrell, 1390, at Irnham (supra)j but is much 

richer, and in a difrerent style of engraving; the two belts 

occur in the brass of Lord Willoughby, 1410, at Spilsby. A 

similar appropriation of an old brass occurs in the Massingberd 

brass at Gunby (supra,). 


I. In pavement,. on S. side of chancel, just outside the 
altar rails. 


Square brass plate with small female figure standing looking 
to her right, about i8in. bv 6in. 

"Here lyeth the Rt. Honourable the Ladie Elizb***. 
daughter to y* Right Hon. Thomas Earell of Lincolne, 
Lord Clynton and Saye, wife of John Beresforde Gent, 
to whom she left living 3 children, Thomas, Marye, and 
Fynes, Shee departed this life 26 of July Anno Dni 
' 1024, Etatis sue 32." 

2. N. side of sanctuary. 
Small quadrangular brass plate. 

"Here lyeth buryed Elizabeth late wife of Xpofer 
Beresforde of Ledenam in the County of Lincoln Esq', 
one of the daughters of William Cartwright of Ossington 
in y* coun. of Notts Esq. by Grace Dabridgcourt his 
wife. Shee brought forth 9 sonns and 6 daughters, and 
left 6 sons and six daughters lyveing, and dyed in y^ 
42*** (sic.) yeare of her age, y* 24** of Dec. 1635.** 

** Wife, mother^ freind, to kyn, to poore the beit. 
In veitues seate, in heaven, her soull is blest." 

** Posuit hoc mcestissimus ejus vir. C.B." 

** I was thy husbands kyn Se soe was thyne 
I have noe need to idolize thy shryne. 
Wee lyveing for thy vertues loved, all vice 
Thy soull abhorred, and's blest in Paradise." 

By the side of the last four lines is inscribed vertically 
«C. H. R. Beresford of Fulbeck, Esq." 

3. S. side of sanctuary, within the altar rails. 
Small quadrangular brass plate. 

"Here lyeth Margaret late wife of William Beresforde 
of Ledenham in the Countie of Lincolne Esq', second 
daughter of Sir William Thorold of Marston in the 
Countie aforesaid, Kt and Baronet who left livenge 
fower children, Ann, Elizabeth, Christopher and 
William, and Dep** this life in the thirtie seaventh yeere 
of her age, the 20*^ day of November 1655." 

" Heere lies interred, heere lies one 
Ah, aske not who without a groane. 
Prudence, meekness, all the graces 
Which with our losse, have lost their places ; 
If a chast wife a virgin may be sayd 
who lived a woman but which died a nuiyd. 
Reader who so ere thou bee 
Tell the world what I tell thee." 

Lincoln Minster. In a case in the Library. 
A mitre and shield, i494* 


This is from the tomb of Bishop John Russell, 1 480-1 494, 
whose chantry opens from the second bay of the N. choir- 
aisle. Its chief interest lies in the fa£t that it is now the sole 
remnant of the vast number of brasses in which Lincoln 
Minster was once, perhaps, the richest church in England. 
Browne Willis, in his Surrey of Lincoln^ '7^8, p. 31, states 
that he counted about 207 slabs from which the brasses had 
been torn ! The inspection made by Sir William Dugdale 
and Robert Sanderson (afterwards Bishop), in 1641, records all 
then existing inscriptions. A copy of this was siven by 
Archdeacon Bonney to the Minster Library, and it was 
printed at Lincoln m 1851. No. 120 (p. 31) is the brass of 
John Marshall, Canon of the Cathedral, 1446, with a rose and 
the inscription: — 

** Ut rosa pallescit cum solem sentit abetse 
Sic homo vanescit, nunc est, nunc desinit cue.*' 

Haines^ i., pp. no, 255; ii., p. 122. 

There was a brass to Bp. Richard of Gravesend, 1 258-1 279, 
in the transept. 

Boutell, brasses and Slabs^ p. 6. 

The brass of Bishop William Smyth (or Smith), founder of 
Brasenose College, Oxford, 1495-1514 (figured by Stukeley), 
was near the W. door. The later tablet to him on the wall of 
the W. Porch states that it was destroyed by the "Cromwellii 
flagitiosus grex." 

Stukeley, Itinerarium Curiosum^ pi. 16 j Murray's Cathedrals^ 
Lincoln^ p. 275; Arch, Inst. Rep,^ 1848, p. Ivii. 

Lincoln, St. Mary-le-Wigford. 

1. On N. pier of tower-arch. 
William Horn, 1469. 

A stepped cross, 7^ in. high, of rather peculiar design ; on 
the base "ame", below, inscription: 

"Hie jacet Wills Horn quonda maior cTtat lincoln | q. 
obiit XII marcii a** dni m**cccc**lxix** cui' aie ppi'et'd's. | 

2. W. wall of S. aisle. 
John Jobson, 1525. 

Oblong tablet with knife and cleaver rudely figured after 
the inscription : 

"Hie jacet Johes Jobson ffychmonger olim I vicecomes 
civitat' lincolnie qui obiit iiii® | die Julij A° dni 
M**ccccc**xxv** cui' I aie ppiciet' de' amen, 


Lincoln, St. Peter at Arches. W. wall of vestry. 

John Becke, wife, and family, 1620. 

Husband and wife kneeling at a desk with books ; husband 
in civic robes, wife in hat, rufF, and stiff robe; behind, 7 sons 
and 2 daughters ; above, a shield ; below, inscription, in capitals : 

"Here lyeth intered neare this place y* bodies | of John 
Becke citizen & Allderman and twice | Maior of this 
citie of Lincolne and Marie his | wife who had by her 
issve 10 children 7 sonnes | Robert lohn Thomas 
Edward Roger Augustine | and George and 3 davghters 
Marie Martha and Marie hee departed this lire the 
23^* day of I March in anno Dni 1620 and Mary 
his wife | departed the 9 of December 161 7." 

Haines^ ii., pp. 118, 262 (he wrongly says one daughter ; as 
two of the three are named "Marie," probably one died in 
infancy and is not represented); Allen, Lincolnshire^ i., p. 187. 

This brass was formerly on the N. wall of nave of 
St. Benedict's Church, which is now closed. 

Long Sutton. Pavement, central passage of nave. 

Alice Thomas, 1495. 

On a slab is incised a large stepped cross of peculiar design, 
having the ends of the limbs bevilled, or not at right angles to 
the sides ; above the arms of the cross, incised, " Ihs mcy" | 
and below them, " Lady help "; on the stem of cross, a small 
oblong brass with inscription in black letter : — 

" Pray for y* soule of Alys Thomas late wyfe to John Thos 
the which decessed vii day of Janur^ the yer of our 
Lord MCCCCLXxxxv." 

Morton's Churches of Holland^ Sutton, p. 10. 

Low ToYNTON. N. wall of nave. 

Edward RoUeston, 1687. 

Oval plate of copper, size I5in. by I2in., with inscription: 

"Here lyeth the | Body of Edward RoUeston Esquir 
who departed this | life the twenty-third of luly I in the 
thirtey-fourth year of | his age interr'd underneath | this 
place the fourth of August | Anno Dommini 1687." 

Weir, Homcastle^ p. 45 ; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 99. 
The twelve days interval between death and burial is 


LusBY. Pavement, S.£. corner of nave. 
A dialogue between wife and husband, 1555 (?) 
Slab with marginal inscription nearly obliterated; the name 
undecipherable, the date apparently 1555 ; on it an oblong brass 
plate, i6in. by iiin., with this inscription in black letter, and 
scroll-work after the lines : — 

'* My fleshe in hope doth rett and slepe 
In earth here to remayne 
My spirit to Christ I gyve to kepe 
Till I do rise agayne. 

And I wyth you in hope agre 

Though I yet here abyde, 
In full purpose if Goddes will be 

To ly downe by your syde/* 

Line, Arch, Soc. ^l{fp*y 1876, p. 172. 

Lynwode (or Linwood). • 

W. end of N. aisle; originally in S. chantry-chapel, and 
afterwards at W. end of nave. 

1. John Lyndewode and wife Alice, 1419. 

A merchant in loose gown with feet on a woolsack, and wife 
in mantle, each under a beautifully executed canopy with 
crested entablature; below, 4 sons and 3 daughters, under 
small separate canopies, of which this is an early instance. 
One shield remains, a chevron between three lime or " lynde " 

Under the seven children, inscription : 

^'Hos I septem | natos | he alme | deus | tibi | gratos." 

Below, Latin verses finely engraved in relief with scrolls and 
linden leaves between words under male effigy : 

Qui contemplaris lapidem modicu' rogo siste 
£t precibus caris die salui sint tibi xp'e 
Spiritus in requie lyndewode sine labe Johan*is 
£ius et alicie consortis pluribus annis 
* Anno milleno c quater nono quoq' deno. 

Under the lady's effigy : 

Mense virum Jani mors . . . luce (?) Johani' 
X quater atq' tribus annis hii corde jocundi 
Coniu'xere qui bus nati fuerant oriundi 
Septem qui pedibus tot gaudent pulver* fundi 
Vermibus ecce cibus sic transit gloria mundi. 

Maine f J i, p. 172; ii., 119; Arch, Inst, Rep,^ 1848, p. Iv. 

These were the parents of John Lyndewode, whose brass is 
adjoining \ and also of William Lyndewode, Bp. of St. David's, 
1442-1446, a famous canonist, and the author of PrcfpinciaU. 

2, John Lyndewode, 1421, 


Under fine single canopy, over which was perhaps a 
re£iangular one ; large fine figure of a merchant in loose gown, 
with Hill sleeves close at the wrists, and girdle with anelace 
hanging from it ; feet on woolsack bearing a merchant's mark. 
Below, inscription, partly mutilated by a clumsy iron clamp: 
"Hunc lapide cernens lyndewode memorare Johls I Que 
mors p sternens p . | • . . . chu t . . . | . . . | M C 
quater bis uno; Julii quoq' mense fiesto praxedis * 
mortis quo | . . . it . . . Sic q' patris tumulo nati 
tumulus sociatur Quo velut in speculo mortis . . . 
necio(?) . . . Ergo qui transis magno medio puer an 
sis Puras funde preces nobis, ... sic v ... ." 
Haines^ i., p. 202; ii., pp. 119, 262; Arch. Inst. ^Rjp.^ 1848, 
p. Iv. 

There is also the matrix of a cross-legged effigy of knight, 
28 inches long, in armour with ailettes, on a bracket. 
Haines J i., p. 146; Jrch. Inst, %jp»^ 1848, p. Iv., note. 

Mablethorpe. I. Pavement, N. aisle. 
Thomas Fitzwilliam, 1403. 

Slab with matrices of two shields, and inscription, partly 
covered (1882) by a pew: — 

"... Thomas ffitz William Armiger | ... it 
primo die Nouembr' Anno dni M® | . . . iij** 
cuius anime ppiciet de' amen." 
Allen, Lincolnshire^ li., p. 154. 

2. Pavement, S. aisle. 
Elizabeth FitzwiUiam, 1403. 

Slab with matrices of three shields, one shield in lower left 
hand corner, and inscription : — 

"Hie iacet Elizabeth nup vxor Thome ffitz William | Et 
filia JohTs Askt que obiit nono die Junii | Anno dni 
M^Cccc^iij® cui' ale ppiciet' de' amen." 
Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 154. 
She was the wife of No. i. 

3. Chancel pavement, in front of altar steps. 
Elizabeth Fitzwilliam, 1522. 

Slab with peculiar effigy of lady having long flowing hair 

* St. Praxedis, whoK commemoration day ia July 21, is supposed to have been the 
sister of St. Pudentiana (May I9)) and daughter of St. Pudens (May 19), who was 
either the friend of Timothy (2 Tim. iv., 21) or his grandson, as Papebroch, the 
Bollandist Editor of the " Acta Sanctorum " gives it ; her church at Rome is on the 
Esquiline. (DiS, Bible^ art, Pudens ; Di&, Ckrist, Biog,^ art, Pnizedis \ Hare, fyalh in 
Bmt^ i,y p. 469 ) ii. p. 65.) 


(as having died unmarried) ; hands in prayer. Below, inscrip- 
tion: — 

" Here lieth Elisabeth dowghter of George ffitz William 
of I Malberthorp Esquier wich George maried 
Elisabeth dowght' | of s' thomas barneston of 
great Coot' Knyght the said Elisabeth | the yovnger 
decessed the iii day of May the yere of o' lord god I 
M^cccccxxii On whose Soule ihu' haue mcy amen. 
Haines^ i., p. 214, ii., p. 119; Arch, Inst, Rep,^ 184S) P* 1^*9 
Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 154. 

4. Pavement, N. side of sanduary. 
George Fitzwilliam, 1533. 

Slab with matrices of three shields, and inscription, finely 
engraved by a local artist: — 

" Here lieth George ffitz William Knight son of Thomas 
ffitz Willm I of Malberthorpe Knight wiche george 
dyed y* xix*** day of y* monethe of | September in y* 
yere of owr lorde god a mvcccccxxxvi [sic"] on 
whos sowle I Jhesu have mercy Amen.** 
This inscription is slightly mutilated at two of the corners, 
and may possibly be a palimpsest. 
Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 154. 

On a recess at the back of a canopied Perp. altar-tomb of 
the Fitzwilliams, c. 1500, on N. side of chancel there were 
formerly effigies of a husband and wife kneeling at a desk, 
with two shields and inscription, all now lost. 
Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 153. 

Messingham. E. end of S. wall of nave; high up on waU. 

Martin Gravy ner and wife^ 16 16. 

Oblong tablet with inscription in capitals : — 

"In spe resvrreftionis | Here lyeth interred the bodies of 
Martin Gravyner | Gent and Eflam his wife who 
lived in y* consecrated | estate of matrimonye 36 
yeares and had issve | eight children viz. 2 sonnes 
and 6 davghters which | Martin died y* 2 of Ivne 
1 6 16 and the said Eilam y^ 3 of Sept. 161 6. | 

Below this is a figure of a crowned head with "veni vidi 
vici," in small text on right. Below the head : — 

**Thui death tryvmphs and tells vs all mvst die 
Thus we tryvmph to Christ by death to flye 
To live to die is not to die bvt live 
To die to bliss is blessed life to give 
Aske how they liv'd and thov shalt know their ends 
They died Saints to God to poore trve friends.** 

£• Peacock, jfn tdccount of Messingham^ p. 22« 


MouLTON. Pavement, E. end of S. Aisle. 

John Cocke, 1680. 

Small oblong plate with inscription : — 

" Heare . Lyeth . •Inte'ed .The . Body | of. John . Cocke. 
Whoe . Departed . this | Life . March . the . 8** 1666 
Aged . 63 fAnd . Thomasin . Hisi . WiflFe . who* | 
Departed . This . Life . November I The . i® 1680 . 

Below, incised in white marble, is the inscription: — 
" Here lyeth the Body of John I Cocke late of Moulton 
son I of John Cocke and Thomasin | his wife who 
Departed this | Lyfe the 9th Day of May 1680 | 
Age 59 I Here lyeth allso the Bodys of | John and 
Ann Cocke Gran- | Children to this John Cocke | 
And Son and Daughter to | John Cocke of Moulton 
and I Ann his wife who Departed | This Lyfe being 

North Carlton. Wall of Chancel. 
Edward Monson, 1 7 14. 

Shield, bearing arms of Monson ^ below inscription in 

'*Here lieth the Body of Edward Monson | Esq. the 
eleventh son of S' John Monson | Ivn' late of Bvrton 
Barr* who departed! this life Sep* 7*^ Anno Dom 
17 14 aged 46 yeares (the last word in small text). 

NoRTHORPE. I. Pavement of chancel. 

Francis Yerburgh, two wives and two children, 1595. 

A civilian with pointed beard; in furred gown and ruiF; 
hands in prayer; on either side effigy of his two wives; one 
child behind each wife; the child on his right, inscription 
below, and a shield of arms above, are lost. The effigies of 
the husband and the child on his left, and the lower half of the 
wife on his right are at present loose, and preserved in the 
church chest. 

HaineSy ii., p. 119; Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.^ 1865, p. 233; 
jfrch. Inst. Rep.^ 1848, p. Ivi.; Allen, Lincolmhire^ ii., p. 33. 

His second wife was Ellen (born Farmery) widow of 
George Monson, of South Carlton, Prebendary of Lincoln. 
{Line. Arch. Soc. Rep,) 

2. At present affixed to a pew in the chancel. 

William Monson, 1638. 


Brass plate, with inscription in capitals: — 

" Here lyeth y* body of William Monson | eldest Sonne 
of lohn Monson of North | orpe in y* covnty of 
Lincolne Esq. & | of Mary his 2^ wife davghter to 
Willia I Fitzwilliams of Ciaxby in the said | covnty 
Esq. who died y* xxviii of | Febrvary A® Dni 


Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.^ 1865, P- ^34 (date wrongly given); 
Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 33. 
3. Within the sacrarium. 
Anthony Monson, 1648. 

An altar-slab, still bearing the seven crosses, set E. and W., 
used as a gravestone, and brass plate inserted below, with 
inscription in capitals, and shield charged with Monson arms: 
"Here lyeth bvried the body of Anthony \ Monson of 
Northorpe in the covnty of J Lincolne Esq. fovrth 
Sonne of S' lohn | Monson of Sovth Carlton Knight | 
who departed this life the 17^ I day of November, 
Line. Arch. Soe. Rep.^ 1865, p. 234; Allen, Lincolnshire^ 

"•> P- 33- 

North Scarle. On chancel floor, within altar rails. 
Thomas Squire, 1729. 

Brass plate, gin. by I2in. Shield of arms: Chevron 
engrailed between 3 swans' heads and necks, erased. 
Crest: an elephants' head, erased. Inscription, in 
capitals : — 
"M.S. I Thomae Sqvire A.M. | Hvivs Ecclesiae Quondam 
Rectoris | Ob. xxvii Nov. mdccxxix." 
Rev. Thomas Squire was reftor of North Scarle from 1691 
to 1729, and Vicar of Eagle nearly as Ion?. He is called D.D. 
on his widow's tombstone, 1732, which Ties by the side of the 

North With am. 
I. Pavement, chancel. * 
William Misterton, 1425. 

Small effigv, originally 10 or 12 inches long, the upper half 
lost; below, mscription: 

"Hie iacet Willielmus Misterton de North Witham 
armiger et dominus de Swafelde qui obiit xxf die 
mensis lanuarii anno millesimo cccc vicesimo quarto 
cui' aie ppiciet' deus." 


2. Chancel wall, S.E. corner. 

Robert Sherard, 1592. 

Square brass plate, bearing 26 Latin verses, supposed to be 
written by Robert Sherard, of North Witham Hall, on his 
deathbed : 

'* Ouod potuit dare terra dedit, nunc debita poacit. 

Cedo libens, cceli nunc mihi rettat iter. 
Quid dare terra potest homini ? bona corporis atque 

Fortume et tobolis pignora chara luae. 
Haec habui, et long;ae placid issima tempora vitae, 

QueiB pax Angligenis aurea semper erat.* 
Nunc nihil hie video restare quod amplius optem ; 

Deliciae vitae praeteriere mese. 
Nee manus officium nee pes nunc praestat ut olim. 

Nee solito clarent lumina more mihi. 
Musica nee solita dulcedine verberat aures, 

Nee favet ad cantum debile vocis iter. 
Bracchia quae validos curabant fortiter arcus 

Debita nunc ori vix alimenta ferunt. 
Comipedisque alacer quondam qui terga premebam, 

Nunc iaceo le^i triste senilis onus. 
Nee tamen ista queror nee torquent membra dolore, 

Matura at senii tempora cemo mei. 
Hoc solum mihi dulce manet, mens conscia re£ti, 

Atque fides mentem concomitata bonam. 
Christe Deus, qui multa dabas, maiora daturus, 

Qua sperem grates posse rtfferre tibi ? 
Nil mihi nunc restat nisi ut Alleluia cantem, 

Immixtus sandis coelitibusque choris. 
Et cum plenus erit numenis ccetusque tuorum 

Cum proprio rursus corpore iun^us ero." 

Norton Disney. N. wall of chancel , fastened in frame 
on hinges, to show the reverse. 

William Disney and family, and Robert Disney and family, 

On reverse, a dedication inscription, in Dutch, 151 8. 

A square brass with architedtural border divided into four 
compartments; above a triangular pediment with the Disney 
arms on shield ; crests on either side, a lion gardant, left, and 
hart couchant under a tree, right. 

First compartment. William Disney and wife kneeling at a 
prie dieu^ with books; under them the names "W" Disney 
Esquire & Marg^ Joiner ;" behind, four sons with labels from 
their mouths : I^ ranees, Thomas, William, Richard ; and five 
daughters, Ann, Mary, Margaret, Kateren, Briget. 

Second compartment. Three shields, bearing Disney , 
Hussey^ and Ayscoughe. 

* This statement is remarkable, considering that Robert Sherard died four years 
after the invasion of the Armada. Perhaps the verKS were written before. 


Third compartment. Richard Disney in armour, with 
helmet, of which this is a very late example, and two wives, 
Nele (Husy), the first wife, on his right, and behind her 
seven sons and 5 daughters ; on his left, the second wife, Jaune 
( Ayscoughe), with no children, all half effigies ; names of the 
children above ; those of sons, lost ; those of daughters, Sara, 
Ester, Judeth, Judeth, Susan. 

Fourth compartment. Inscription : 

"The life, conversacion, and Seruice, of the first above 
named Will™ Disney and of Richard Disney his 
Sonne were comendable amongest their neigbours, 
trewe and fathefulle to ther prince and entree, 
acceptable to Th'allmighty of whom me we trust they 
are receved to Saluation accordinge to the stedfast 
feythe Which they had in him throughe the mercy 
and merit of Christ o' savior. Thes truthes are 
thus sett forthe that in all ages God may be thank- 
fully Glorified for thes and suche lyke his gracius 
About the year 1780, with the consent of the patron. Sir 
Thomas Clarges, this brass was sent up to London to be engraved 
for Gough's Sepulchral Monuments. It was then discovered 
that on the back was a long inscription in Dutch, referring to 
the founding of a chantry in Holland. In consequence of a 
portion being cut out and some words defaced the inscription 
is partly defective. 

Translation of the Dutch inscription. 

"In the year MDXVIII on the XXIX day of September, 
we, Adrian Ardenses and the voung Lady Josephine 
van de Steine have founded within this church 
[name not given] on the altar of St. Cornelius a mass 
to be said daily which the churchmasters or directors 
have accepted, and will cause to be performed and 
continued. The said daily mass is to begin always 
after the clock has struck the hour of X, for which 
the priest celebrant is to have VII lbs (?) Flemish a 
year in four terms ; the Sexton who at the aforesaid 
mass shall toll the large bell V gr. a year on St. Agatha's 
day, when both are to be yearly paid, or on the following 
day if this falls on a Sunday, and on no other day : then 
the churchmasters or directors, shall cause the celebrants 
of the service, the priest or his deputy (?), the choir- 
master, the choristers, and the sexton, to bring to the 


altar in the evening at Vespers, and in the morning 
at Dailv Mass, the grave cloths and serge, and there- 
on shall they cause to be put VIII burning torches of 
wax, and the four .'...., and they shall come and 

sit at the grave at Vespers, at the foot of the 

Altar of St. Cornelius; and the Church-masters, 
shall at the Requiem Mass cause the celebrating 
priest, the choir master, and the choristers in full 
choir to chant sequences, the Dies Irae, and the Dies 
Ilia, and the conductors of the service shall be careful 
abo to furnish the oblation-lights ; and the aforesaid 
church- masters shall be obliged to pay on St. Agatha's 
Day or the day following to the priest celebrant .... 

lbs, to each of the gr (?), and to 

the sexton V gr (?) for tolling the bell and for lighting 

the oblation-lights -, and let it be well understood that 

not one of them shall profit therefi'om, unless they 

shall be present from the beginning of the service to 

the end.** 

Gough, Sepulchral Monuments^ i., p. 1 22, engraved ; Haines^ 

i., pp. 47, 21 8, 236; ii., p. 119; Jrch. Inst. Rep.y 1848, p. Iv.; 

Archaologia^ 1784; Allen, Lincolnshire^ "•> P- 266. A separate 

engraving of the brass has also been published at Lincoln or 

Newark. A rubbing of it was shown at the Lincolnshire 

Fine Arts Exhibition, 1887 ; but the Catalogue (p. 43) makes 

Nele Disney daughter instead of grand-daughter of Lord Hussey. 

William Disney was Sheriff of Lincolnshire, 1532. Richard 

Disney was Sheriff in 1555 and 1566. His first wife, Nele, 

was daughter of Sir W". Husy, or Hussey, son of the Lord 

Hussey beheaded at Lincoln 1537; his second wife Jaune 

(Jane) was daughter of Sir W". Ayscoughe, of Stallingborough, 

whose brass is in Stallingborough Church, and sister of Anne 

Ayscoughe, "the Lincolnshire martyr," who was burnt at 

Smithfield for heresy, 1546. On the Hussey family see 

Thompson, Hist. Boston^ p. 4005 TroUope, rlist. SUafora^ 

p. 123; and on the Ayscoughe family, see a paper by Bp. 

TroUope in Line. Arch. Soc. Kep.^ 1862, p. 117. 

Pinchbeck. On. N. wall of N. chantry-chapel at E. end of 
N. aisle, but formerly affixed to a pillar of nave. 

Margaret Lambert, died 1608, aged 84. 

A very curious and valuable armorial gilt brass plate, 
3ft. high by 2ft. 6in. wide, on which is engraved and painted 


26 coats of arms in three columns linked together by a thread 
upheld by a hand in the dexter chief of the brass, which 
forms an heraldic pedigree of the ^milies of Lambert of Craven, 
Lambert of Pinchbeck, and Carr of Thornton. In 179 1 
Mr, Robert Taylor sent to the Gen. Mag, (vol. 61, pt. ii., 
p. 916) a verv fuU account of the heraldry on this brass, and 
his letter is illustrated by a careful plate, on which aU the 
shields are tricked, and to which readers are referred. 

Margaret Lambert was daughter of Emory Carr of the More 
in Thornton, Yorkshire, and became the wife of John Lambert 
of Winterwell Hall in Skipton, Yorkshire. Their son. 
Sir Thomas Lambert of Pinchbeck, who was knighted at 
Whitehall, 23rd July, 1603, on the coronation of King James L, 
married Susan daughter of Sir Edward Dymock of Scrivelsby, 
Knight,. and widow of Arthur Walpole of Pinchbeck and 
Gray's Inn, Esquire. Sir Thomas Lambert was buried at 
Pinchbeck 26th July, 16 13, so he must have ere£ted this brass, 
in memory of his mother, sometime between the years 1608 
and 1 61 3, and his own arms impaling the arms of his wife, 
Susan Dymoke, Lady Lambert, surmounted by the crests of 
the femilies of Lambert and Dymock, and surrounded with a 
somewhat stiff mantling, adorn the great achievement at the 
foot of this remarkable heraldic brass. 

Margaret Lambert is represented in the black dress and hood 
of a widow, and around her throat is a small ruff. She is 
kneeling with her hands raised in prayer, on a red cushion with 
gold tassels placed on a raised tessellated floor, before a paneled 
wooden prie dieu on which is an open book with two clasps. 
On her mantle is a shield charged with the arms: i and 4, 
Lambert of Pinchbeck; 2 and 3, Lambert of Craven; impaling 
Carr. At the foot of the brass in the sinister corner is the 
legend : — 

Quid tumuli ttni^n micat post funera virtus, 

TtStA licet saxo corpora nostra jacent. 
Lambarti conjux fuit hsc Margareta Johannis 

Carra, suo Celebris sanguine, clara vivo. 
£x quibus hie genitus proavis insignia monstrant. 

Ad quos ilia genus stemmati quoque refert. 
Post decies octo vivebat quatuor annos, 

Mori bus, ingenio Candida, prima fide. 
Seculajexque decem cum Christus pleveret, anni' 

Junius Octavi fervidus inde rapit. 

In the first column are 9 shields forming an heraldic pedigree 
of the femily of Lambert of Craven, and 3 shields showing 
their royal lineage from William the Conqueror. 

I. Lambert impaling Roos, 


11. Lambert impaling Warren, 

III. Warren. 

IV. Warren impaling Normandy, 
V. Normandy impaling Flanders, 

VI. Lambert impaling Mandt^tUe, 
VII. Lambert, 
VIII. Lambert. 
IX. Lambert^ with an annulet for cadency impaling 

X. Lambert. 
XI. Lambert with an annulet for cadency impaling Cresey. 

XII. Quarterly of four, i and 4, Lambert of Pinchbeck ; 
2 and 3, Cresey. Impaling. Quarterly of four, i and 4, 
Lambert of Craven; 2 and 3, Ptcl^ering. 

In the second column are 9 shields, forming an heraldic 
pedigree of the family of Lambert of Pinchbeck; — 

XIII. Quarterly of four, i, Lambert^ of Pinchbeck; 
2, L^OT^/r/ of Craven ; 3^ Cresey; ^Picl^ering: impaling ^«r/. 

XIV. Quarterly of four, i, Lambert of Pinchbeck; 2, 
Lambert of Craven; 3, Cresey; 4, Pickering, 

XV. Quarterly of four, i, Lambert of Pinchbeck; 
2, Lambert of Craven; 2^ Cresey -y 4, Pickering; impaling 

XVI. Quarterly of four, i, Lambert of Pinchbeck; 
2, Lambert of Craven; j, Cresey 'y 4, Picl{ering\ impaling. 
Quarterly of four; i, Whitacre\ 2, Danby\ 3, Lambert of 
Craven ; 4, Pickering, 

XVII. Quarterly of six. i, Lambert of Pinchbeck; 

2, Lambert of Craven ; 3, Cr«^ ; 4, PicJ(ering ; 5, Whitacre ; 
6, 7)anby'y impaling. Quarterly of six ; i, Wykes'y 2, Whitacre \ 

3, Danby ; 4, Lambert of Craven ; 5, Pickering ; 6, Wykes. 

XV III. Quarterly of four, i and 4, Lambert of Pinchbeck ; 
2 and 3, Lambert of Craven ; impaling Bukok, 

XIX. Quarterly of four, i and 4, Lambert of Pinckbeck ; 
2 and 3, Lambert of Craven ; impaling Carr. 

XX. Quarterly of four, i and 4, Lambert of Pinchbeck ; 
2 and 3, Lamkert of Craven ; impaling Dymocl(, 

XXI. Quarterly of sixteen: i, Lambert of Pinchbeck; 
2, Lambert of Craven; 3, Cresey; 4, Lambert of Craven; 
Sj Pickering; 6^ Whitacre; Jy Danby; S^ Pickering; <),Wyi(es; 
10, Auncell'y 11, Gobaud\ 12, CotpiUe\ 13, Whitacre; 
14, Danby; 15, Huddles ton \ 16, Lambert of Pinchbeck; 
impaling Quarterly of fifteen: i, 2>ym^fi^; 2, Kilpei(i 


3, Ludlow \ 4, Marmion\ 5, Ebden\ 6, -Ry^; 7, WiUiS\ 
o, fVaterton\ 9, Engayne\ 10, Talboysi it, Burdon\ 12, 
Fitzwythe\ 13, Umfraville\ 14, Aymey 15, Sparrow. 

In the third column are five shields, forming an heraldic 
pedigree of the &mily of Carr. 
XXII. Gzrr. 

XXIII. G7rr, with a crescent for cadency, impaling Qf/^. 

XXIV. Carr impaling Medhope, 
XXV. G7rr impaling Alalham, 

XXVI. Carr impaling Holt. 

Vide Morton's Churches of Holland^ ^843, art. Pinchbeck; 
Haines x.^^.'^'j ii., p. 119; G/»/..M7^., vol. lxi.,pt.ii. 179 1, plate 
iii., p. 916 (27 shields figured); Arch. Inst. Rep.y 1848, p. Ivi. ; 
Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.^ 1 881, p. xciv.; Allen, Lincolnshire^ i, 



In this church there are portions of no less than six brasses, 
which until lately were loose in the vestry, and are almost 
unknown to collectors. This year (1890) a grant was made 
by the Line. Arch. Soc. for preserving them. They have been 
re- fixed on a slab under the direction of Mr. W. Scorer, 

architect, of Lincoln, in the position of this plan, 
together with a plate recording the fact. They 
are as foUows : 

1. Lower part, from knees, of the effigy of a 
knight in plate armour with spurs: feet on 
a lion recumbent on a flowering bank, c. 1450 

2. A lady in cap or bonnet with veil felling 
behind, ruff; girdle with pendent ends; close-fitting long 
jacket and sleeves, and skirt with brocaded front; hands joined 
in prayer. 

3. Upper part, to waist, of effigy of lady, similar to No. 2, 
but with scolloped fringe at the shoulders. 

4. Oblong brass plate, 27in. by 7in., with inscription 
in capitals: 

"Here lyeth Willyam Metham of Bolington Esqvier who 
was I the sonne of Robarte Metham second sonne of 
Sir Thomas | Metham of Cave Knight he had 4 wyves 
the first was the widdow | of one Good the second 
was Ellen the davghter of Mr. Wh)rtting | ton and he 
had by hir issve Charles Svsan and Anne the I thrid 
Fravncs davehter of Edmovnd Lord Shefeild the 
fovrth Mary | davghter to Willyam Lord WiUovghby 











of Parham and by her | had issve Catheren and 
Doritie he dyed the 12 of Janvary | 1590. and the 
66 yeare of his age." 

5. Three shields of arms, with inscriptions above on a 
small oblong plate gin. x 4in. to three children of the William 
Metham named in No. 4; viz.: 

(a) Arg. on a cross between 4 doves gu. 3 bezants for 

" Ann maryied | to Willm | Welcum of | Lincolne." 
{b) Arg. on a bend gu. between 2 cotises az. 3 pair of 

wings of the first for fVingfield, 
"Susan mar | ried Henri | Winfeilde | of Nocton." 
{c) Sa. 2 lions passant gardant ar. crowned or. for 

"Charles maried I to An daughter | of Robert Dimock | 

of Skrelsbye. 

6. A shield, with mantling, crests, and quarterings of 

7. New plate. "Refixed | July, 1890." 

None of the above have hitherto been recorded in any book, 
except a brief notice of No. 4, in Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 65. 
The large shield (No. 6) has traces of enamel, and curious 
cross-hatchings, probably meant to indicate the tinctures, 
appear in Nos. 5 and 6. 

R AUCEBY. On wall of vestry j formerly on slab in chancel 

William Styrlay, Vicar, 1536. 

Small effigy of a priest in vestments, viz., albe with apparels, 
amice, tunicle, stole, and cope; in his hands chalice with 
wafer; feet on a chequered pavement. Below, inscription in 
black letter: — 

"Hie iacet dns Willm" Styrlay quondam vicari" | istius 
ecclesie et canonic' de ShefFord qui obiit mi® | die 
Mensis Decebris Anno dni m^ccccc^xxxvi® | cui" 
aie ppicietur deus Amen (a leaf-ornament after the 
TroUope, Sleafordy p. 283 (figured) ; Haines^ ii., p. 119 (given 
as Stvrlar). 

The slab on which this brass was set was unhappily broken 
in the rebuilding of the chancel. William Styrlay built the 
chancel which preceded, but in debased style, and also the 
present clerestory and flat roof; his arms — raly of 6 arg. and 


az. in chief a cinquefbil gu. — and the inscription ^ Orate pro 
aia Willi Styrlay vicarii qui hanc fenestram fieri fecit** formerly 
appeared in stained glass in the N. clerestory, as noted by 
Holies {Harleian MSS. Brit. Mus., No. 6829). He was a 
canon of Shelford Priory, near Nottingham, to which one 
mediety of the living belonged. His will is given in Trollope, 
Skaford^ p. 279. 

Salmonby. Nave. 
A civilian, c. 1445. 

Small effigy of man in civilian dress, much worn. 
Haines ii., p. 262 ; t4rch. Inst. ?? ^.,1848, p. Ivi. 
Existing in 1 860, but now lost ; the church was restored in 


1 . Pavement of chancel, S. side. 
' Frances Fitzwilliam, 1581. 

Several shields bearing the arms of Fitzwilliam — lozengy 
arg. and gu. — with 11 other coats, impaling Foljambe with 
3 others ; and inscription : 

" Here lyeth the bodey of Srances ffitzwilliam Wife unto 
Henry ffitzwilliam of Scampton^ daughter to Sir 
James fFoljamb of Walton Knyght; who departed 
this lyfe the xvij*** daye of December in the xxiiii*** 
yere of Quene Elizaoethe Raigne. Anno Domini 
The date in Arabic numerals. 

Illingworth, Hist, Scampton^ p. 20 (where the arms are given 
in full); Allen, Lincolnshirey ii., p. 59. 

2. N. wall of chancel, over the &mily vault of BoUes. 
Lady Bolles, 1644. 

Shield of arms, Bolles impaling Conyers, and inscription in 
capitals : — 

" Here lies the Body of Dame | Katherine Bolles the | 
only wife of S' John Bolles | of Scampton Baronet, 
eldest I daughter of Thomas Conyers | of Brodham 
in the County | of Nottingham Esquire | She depar- 
ted this life the 20th day of September at | the age of 
55, and was buried | September the 21 | 1644.'' 
Illingworth, History of Scampton^ p. 21 > Allen, Lincolnshire^ 

ii., p. 59. 

3. Close to the preceding. 


Sir John BoUes, Baronet, 1648. 

Small plate bearing the arms and crest, without motto, of 
Sir John Bolles, and, above, the inscription, in capitals of 
different sizes ; Arabic numerals : — 

" Here lies the Body of S' | John Bolles of Scampton | 

Baronet who departed j This Life the 8 day of 

March I At the age of 07 and was | Buried March 

the I 9 1648." 

lUingworth, Hist. Scampton^ p. 22 (figured) ; Allen, Lincoln- 

shiriy ii., p. 59. Sir John Bolles, of the preceding brass, was 

created a Baronet, 1648. He represents the younger branch 

of this family, which was originally settled at Swineshead; the 

elder branch settled at Haugh, near Alford, and afterwards at 

Thorpe Hall, near Louth, and to it belong Richard BoUe, 

whose brass is in Boston Church, and the famous Elizabethan 

captain. Sir John Bolle ; the younger branch was at Gosberton 

and afterwards at Scampton. This branch seems always to 

have preferj-ed the spelling Bolles, The title became extindl in 


ScoTTER. I. S. wall of nave. 

Marmaduke Tyrwhit, 1599. 

Husband and wife kneeling on each side of a monument, 
with a death's head above it ; five sons and 6 daughters ; two 
shields of arms above ; above, in capitals : — " Cupio dissolvi ut 
essem cum Christo"; below, inscription, in capitals, with 
Arabic numerals: — 

" Hie iacet Marmadukus Tirwhit | Armiger quart' filius 
Guillelmi | Tirwhit Militis qui in uxorem cepit 
EUenam Reresby unam | filiar' Lionel Reresby 
Armig. | quos undecim liberis bea vit deus | & qui 
post quadraginta fere | annos foelici coniugio elapsos 
I 21 die Januarij anno oetatis suoe | sexagesimo 
sexto foeliciter mor | tem obijt ano Dni 1599. 

Haines, li., p. 120; Line. Arch. Soc. Rep., 1866, p. 240 
(assigned there to Harpswell Church, but corre£led in corrigenda 
prefixed to vol.); Jrch. Inst. Rep., 1848, p. Ivi.; Allen, 
Lincolnshire, li., p. 34; Peacock, Le^ure on Scatter (Austin, 
Hertford, 1878), p. 32 j R. P. Tyrwhit, Notices and Remains of 
the Family of Tyrwhit, 1872. 

Sir William Tyrwhit, of Ketilby, obtained the lease of the 
manor of Scotter in 1538 [printed in Proceedings of Soc. 
Antiquaries, June 17, 1875, p. 417 (Peacock)]. 


2. S. side of chancel arch. 

Sarah Ashton, 1739. 

Plate of copper, with shield of arms above and inscription 
below: — 

"Here lieth interred — Mrs Sarah Ashton RtliSt of 
Rob^ Ashton Esq. | Descended fi-om the Ashtons of 
Broadway in Derbyshire. | Who was daughter of 
Thomas Williamson Esq. By Sarah his wife. | 
Daughter of Dr Salmon Physician in Ordinary to 
King Charles the First. | She was religious without 
moroseness. | Charitable without ostentation. | Cheer- 
fully obedient to her husband | Tender with discretion 
to her children | Courteous and aflable to all man- 
kind. I Go female reader and Imitate. | Ob. Mar. 26. 
i739,iEt. 75." 

Peacock, Le£fure on Scatter^ p. 32. Robert Ashton succeeded 
the Williamsons in the lease of the manor of Scotter, 1696. 

ScREDiNGTON. W. end of nave, formerly under aisle 

William Pylet, 1403. 

On altar-tomb, small brass plate, with inscription : — 

" Hie lacet Willu's Pylet de Scredington qui' obiit xxviii® 
die lunii Anno diii Millo cccc tcio cui' aie ppiciet ds. 

Haines J ii., p. 122; Trollope, Hist, Slea/ordy p. 436. 

ScRiVELSBY. I. Under E. arch of nave aisle arcade. 

Sir Robert Dymoke, 1545. 

On altar tomb; effigy in brass of knight with very long 
beard, in full armour, recumbent ; helmet under head ; feet on 
lion; below, inscription: — 

" Here liethe the Body of Sir Robert Dimoke of 
Screuelsby knight baronet who departed owt of this 
present lyfe the xv day of April in ye yere of our 
lord god M**D**xLV upon whose sowle almyghte god 
haue m'ci Amen." 

Aboue, a shield charged with : — 

1. Sa. 2 lions passant in pale arg. ducally crowned or. 

2. Vaire a fesse gu. fretty or. Afarmion. 


3* Erm. 5 fusils in fesse gu. Hebden, 

4. Gu. on a bend arg. 3 ears of rye proper, Rye, 

5. Or. a lion rampant double tailed sa. fVelles. 

6. Gu. a fesse dancettee, between 6 crosslets or. Engaine, 

7. Barry of 6 erm. and gu. 3 crescents sa. fVaterton, 

8. Or. a maunche gu. Hastings, 

9. Arg. 3 lions passant gardant in pale arg. Ludlow. 

10. Arg. 6 mantlets sa. 3, 2 and i, on a chief indented gu. 
2 swords in Salt ire, points upward, proper between 2 
lions heads erased, Sparrcrw, On each end of the tomb 
was a shield, and on each side three, now lost. 

Haines'y i., p. 233, ii., p. 120; Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.y 1876, 
p. 170; t/frch, Inst. Rep.^ 1848, p. hyi\ Weir, Hist. Horn- 
castUy p. 63 i Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 85 ; Illustrated London 
Ney^Sy July 20th, 1888 (by Canon Lodge, Rector of Scrivelsby). 
Unfortunately Weir, 1820, transposed the x and l of the date, 
and the mistake has been copied by Allen, Bp. Trollope {Line. 
Arch, Soc. Rep.\ and Canon Lodge. 

Sir Robert Dymoke exercised his hereditary office of 
Champion of England at the Coronations of Richard IIL, 1483, 
Henry VIL, 1485, and Henry VIIL, 1509. As he could not 
officiate while yet a minor, he must therefore have been at the 
least 83 at the time of his death. He was made a knight 
banneret by Henry VIIL 

The extraordinary blunder, "knight baronet" for "knight 
banneret," raises a difficulty of date, the order of baronets having 
been instituted in 161 1. The explanation given by Bp. 
Trollope and Canon Lodge is that the brass was not cut till 
after 161 1, when the term baronet was ^miliar, and "banneret" 
obsolete. But an interval of at least 77 years before putting up 
this memorial is surely improbable, and moreover the effigy is 
far too well cut for the 1 7th century. It seems more probable 
therefore that it was "restored" after some injury, received 
possibly in the civil war, and that the "restorer imagined 
himself to be correcting a blunder in the original inscription. 

2. On wall W. end of N. aisle, originally in pavement of 
Sacrarium, S. side. 

Sir Charles Dymoke and family, c. 1700. 
Copper plate, with inscription: 

"Under this Stone lyes Sir Charles Dymoke, Knight, 
who was Champion at the Coronation of King James 
2°^. On his left hand lies the Lady Dymoke i next 
to her the Honourable Lewis Dymoke their youngest 



son ; next to him lies Captain Dymoke the eldest son 
of Sir Charles, who died in France; next to him, 
Mrs. Dymoke Daughter of Sir Charles ; at the head 
of Sir Charles lies Mrs. Eliz. Dymoke, the youngest 
daughter of Sir Charles Dymoke." 
Line. Arch. Soc. Rep., '876, p. 170; Allen^ Lincolnshire^ ii., 

p. 85.. 

This was in the Sacrarium when Allen's Lincolnshire was 
compiled, 1832, but was found about 20 years ago in a cupboard 
at Scrivelsby Court, and restored to the church, but to an 
unmeaning position. 

Haines three times (i., pp. 189, 208, ii., p. 120) mentions a 
brass of "a Knight in armour, and lady, c. 1430, under much 
mutilated canopies, the knight's head lost." This brass is not 
named in Weir's HorncastUy 1820, or Allen's Lincolnshire^ li'^^* 
It was rubbed by the Rev. C. G. R. Birch in i860, when it 
was in front of the altar rails, but I am informed by Canon 
Lodge that it has not been in the church since 1867. 


1. Attached to tower staircase, W. end of S. aisle; formerly 
in pavement of S. aisle. 

Inscription on a priest, r. 1400. 

A brass plate (formerly on a slab in the pavement on which 
is the matrix of effigy of ecclesiastic) with inscription in 
Lombardic letters, apparently early 15th century: — 

" Quisquis eris qui transieres sta p lege plora 
Su q* eris fuera q* es pro me precor ora 
Disce q* es et quid eris memor esto quod morieris." 

Haines^ i., p. 140, ii., p. 120; TroUope, Hist. Sleaford^ 

p. 155. 

The first two lines are common, and occur again at 
Algarkirk ; the 3rd is uncommon. The 2nd line fails to scan 
from the omission of "^«^" after ^^fueram^ the 3rd by the 
insertion of "^/" after "«." 

2. Chancel pavement; formerly on altar tomb in nave. 
George Carre and wife Anne and family, 1521. 

Gray marble slab, 8ft. i>^\n. long by 4ft. 2in. wide, formerly 
the top of an altar tomb; at the angles 4 shields, of which 3 
remain, charged with the Carre bearings, the enamel colour- 
ing lost ; on the upper part two effigies ; husband in merchant's 
gown, at present lost (see below), wife in pointed and lappeted 
cap, long gown with large furred cufis, long girdle pendent; 


hands joined in prayer; below, a narrow brass plate with 
inscription, lost ; under this 4 sons, 3 daughters. 

Line, Arch, Soc, Rep.y 1863, p. 4; TroTlope, Hist, SUaford^ 
p. 156. 

The inscription on the tomb according to Holies' Notes^ 
1640 {Harleian MSS,^ Brit. Mus., No. 6829), was : — 

'^Hic lacet Georgius Carre et Anna uxor eius, qui quidem 
Georgius obiit Ano Dni 1521." 

George Carre was the first of the fiimily who settled at 
Sleaford. There are fine monuments of his son Robert and 
his grandson, Sir Edward, ist Baronet, on either side of chancel- 
arch. On the history of the Carre family, see TroUope, Hist, 
Sleaford^ p. 127. 

The effigy of George Carre having become loose was formerly 
kept at the Vicarage, and most unhappily not having been 
replaced on the removal of the late Vicar, the Rev. R. 
Yerburgh, to High Bickington, Devon, 1882, is now lost. 

3. North aisle. 
Richard Pikeworth, 1557. 

Slab, bearing brass plate with inscription: — 

"Here lyeth ye bodie of Richard Pikeworth, mercer, y« 
which depted this world y* xxiii daie of Julie in y® 
year of our Lord God mccccclvii of whose soull God 
have mercie Amen." 

Below, his trade mark between the initials R.P. 

Trollope, Hist, Sleaford.^ p. 156; HaineSy ii., p. 120. 

4. Chancel pavement, near vestry door. 
Richard Warsope, 1609. 

Slab, bearing brass plate with inscription in capitals: — 
"Robert Camock his remembrace of his freind | Here 
vnder lyeth the body of Richard | Warsope, woollen 
draper, who departed | this life the 21 of September 
1609. I iEtatis svse 52." 
Trollope, Hist, Sleaford^ p. 162. 

This form of commemoration by a friend is singular if not 

5. Wall of tower stairs. 
Theophilus Brittaine, 1696. 
Small brass plate with legend: — 

"Theophili Brittaine | Cantabridgiensis allum' | ffidelis 
Evangelii prasconis | reliquiae hie depositae | Sunt 
decimo secundo die | Septembris, Anno Dom. | 
1696. iEtatis sue lxiii." 


Trollope, Hist. Sleaford^ p. 162. 

''He was an extruded minister, chaplain of Col. King 
of Ashby-deJa-Launde, minister of Brocklesby during the 
Commonwealth, but being ejected at the Restoration he turned 
farmer at Roxholm ; subsequently he took part in Monmouth's 
rebellion, and with Nathan Drake, the then disloyal rector of 
Leasingham, and some others, was imprisoned at Grantham." 
{Hist. SUaford^ P- 144-) 

Snarford. I. Pavement, N. chantry-chapel. 
Joan Torney, 1521. 

Gray slab with brass plate inserted, bearing inscription in 
black letter: — 

" Hie . Jacet . Johana , Tor nay . uxor . Johis . tornay . de . 
caynby . armiger . filie . Johls . saytpoU . de . Snarford 
. Armiger . que . obiit . ix . die . aprlis . A^. dni . m®. 
ccccc** . vicessimo . pmo . cui' . aie . ppiciet' . de' . ame." 
Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.^ 1862, p. 164; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., 
p. 55. The use of capitals here is eccentric. 
2. S. wall of chancel. 
Mattathia St. Poll, 1597. 

Brass plate with moulded border ; at top two small matrices, 
one of kneeling effigy of a lady, the other of a shield of arms ; 
below, inscription:^ — 

Biz sex nupU annos steriiis foecunda sequent! est 

Francisca, et Thermis incipit esse parens. 
Thermopoli'* gravida est ; Louthae connixa femella* 

Natam edit-}- et proles digna ea matre fuit. 
Indole quae crevit mira plusq* puerili 

(Crescendo baud possunt magna manere dio), 
Cu' subito ante duos vite prosternitur annos, 

Dum peregre Thermas appetit unde fuit. 
Coventry tristis struitur Libitina, sed huius 

Snarfordum decuit funeris omnis honos. 
Nobile Snarfordum hidt hoc matrisq. patrisq. 

Pignus sed matris cura dolorq. suae. 
Cuius nulla graves solant sedamina questus 

Liberal aut salsis fletibus ulla dies. 
Quid fles ? Mors omnes manet aequa, beatior illos 

Qui facere infantes non potuere male. 
Hos tibi jam posui versus, Mattathia S'ct Poll, 

Qui primum in Sacro nomina fonte AtAu 
Quam vellem (at frustra), te nempe superstite, scriptor 

Essem funerei carminis ipse mihi. 

Johannes Chadvicvs posvit 

Anno 1597. Mens. Sept. Die 90. 

♦ Bath. 

f It is more probable that the Rev. J. Chadwick was guilty of a filse quantity 
than that Lady St. Poll was guilty of devouring her own offspring. 


Line, Arch. Soc, Rep,, 1862, p. 164. 

3. At present loose ; to be fixed on wall of N. chantry. 

George Brownlow Doughty, 1743. 

Small square plate with inscription : — 

Armiger | Ob. xxi. Sep. 
Requiescat in pace." 

" Geo. Brownlow Doughty 


This gentleman united the well-known families of Doughty 
and Tichborne by marrying the co-heiress of Sir Henry 
Tichborne, Bart., of Tichborne, Hants. 

SoMERBY (by Grantham), i. S. wall of chancel. 

Robert Bawde, 1509. 

Small brass plate, with inscription in black letter: — 

"hie jacet Robertus bawde de soinby | Armiger et 

justiciarius paQs ac chor.* | dni regs in ptibs de 

kestewyn in cdmtatuf | lincoln qui obiit v^ die 

mensis februarii | A** dni M**ccccc**ix cui' aie ppicietur 

I deus amen Ihu mcy lady helpe." 

This brass, never hitherto noticed in any book, has several 

minor peculiarities: (i) the eccentric use of capitals; (2) the 

use ofj for the consonantal /, sometimes found, but commonly 

mis-copied by transcribers; (3) the spelling ^^^estewyn^^ for the 

unexplained name " Kesteven ;" (4) the combination of Latin 

and English in the same plate. 

2. S. side of chancel, within altar rails. 
Peregrine and Susanna Bradshaw, 1 669-1673. 
Shield of arms, with crest, a hart couchant : below, inscription 
in Roman lettering: — 

"Here lyes Peregrine Bradshaw Esq"^ who departed | this 

life the 17*** of August 1669. he was youngest sonne 

I to Anthony Bradshaw of DufFeild in the County 

of I Derby Esq' and was Page to Queen Ann and 

Esq"^ I to the bodv of Kinge Charles the first. — . 

Here | alsoe lyes M" Susanna Bradshaw his wife, 

who depart | ed this life May y* i^ 1673. She was 

Daughter to | William Bradford of HoUum in the 

County of | Somersett Esq^" 

Peregrine is said to have been brother of John Bradshaw, 

President of the Court of Commissioners which condemned 

Charles I. 

* Cora (or chora)=quorum, *' Cora=€ommunia , . . item caetus ipse Coratonim, 
teu judicum juxta has leges judicantium." (Ducange, Lex. s. v., Cora.) 

-fThe mark of omission is over the \ but it may^ by a mis-cutting, be comtatu for 


SoMERSBY. On N. wall of chancel. 
George Littlebury, 1612. 

Small effigy, kneeling at a faldstool ; in the left hand upper 
corner a shield of arms ; below, inscription : — 

" Here lyeth George Littlebury of Somersby seventh sonne 

of Thomas Littlebury of Stainsbie Esq. who died 

the 13 daye of Octob. in y* yeare of our Lord 161 2 

being about the age of 73 yeares.*' 

Haines J ii., p. 120; Line. Arch, Soc. Rep.^ 1865, p. 5?; 

Weir, Hist, HorncastUy p. 61 ; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 178; 

Arch, Inst, Rep.y 1848, p. LVi. 

Stainsby is in the parish of Ashby Puerorum, and there are 
two brasses of the Littlebury family in Ashby Church. 

South Kelsey. Pavement, nave. 

Knight and Lady, c, 1410. 

Length 4ft. 8in., on a slab ; very remarkable effigies, probably 
by a Yorkshire (or Lincolnshire) artist {Haines^ i., pp. 20, 
186) i the knight in full armour with several peculiarities, 
'^ especially in the defences of plate for the face and throat, the 
singular recurved plates (roundels) protecting the arm-holes, 
the mitten-like gauntlets, and rich flexible cingulum" (Arch, 
Inst, Rep.) "The roundels resemble small shields with the 
upper and lower edees curved forwards into a &n-like shape" 
{Haines); the camail is entirely covered. The lady in a short- 
waisted gown with large sleeves, and the earliest form of the 
mitred head-dress, resembling a pillow (of which both ends 
are visible, out of perspective) with tassels or ornaments. 

Haines^ i., pp. 28, 186, 188, 208, ii., p. 119; Boutell, 
Monumental Srasses^ p. 36, and plate; Arch, Inst. Rep.y 1848, 
p. LV. ; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 208. 

There is no inscription, but the knight is probably of the 
family of Hansard, from Northumberland, who lived at South 
Kelsey HaU. 

South Ormsby. 

I. Pavement, chantry chapel, formerly in chancel. 

A Lady, c. 1410 (1420, Haines). 

On slab, without any canopy or border; a curious female 
figure, probably of provincial work 5 hair in crespine (network) 
with jewelled bordure, and veil over it ; mantle, fastened with 
large buttons of ornamented work \ robe closely buttoned up to 
chin \ necklace round neck. 


Haines^ i., p. 28, ii., p. 119; Arch. Inst, Rep,^ 1848, p. Ivi. 
2. Pavement, chantry chapel, formerly in chancel. 
Sir William and Agnes Skipworth, 1402. 
A slab, under a double canopy, partly mutilated; the knight 
in full armour ; the lady in coverchief and barbe, or wimple, 
under her chin , below, 3 children, a son, facing spectator, and 
2 daughters, in profile \ under them inscription (the last word, 
lost) i four shields lost : — 

"Orate p' aiabs diii Will"* Skypwyth militis J et Annetis 

ux'is ei' q. inferi iacent qui quidem | Willm' obiit 

vicesimo septimo die Nov"^ anno diii | mill'mo 

ccccLXXXii quorum animabus propiciet' [deus]." 

HaineSy i., p. 198, ii., p. 119; Arch. Inst. Rep.^ 1848, p. LVI. ; 

Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 176. 

South Witham. 

1. On E. wall of nave (there is no chancel). 
Margery Harington, 1577. 

Small plate with inscription. : — 

"Margery seconde wyflfe of Francys Harington Esquier | 
dyed 16 Aug. 1577. 19 Eliz. and left Issue between 
them I two sonnes Edward and Francys, and one 
daughter Lucy." 

2. E. wall of nave, JM, corner. 
Elizabeth Harington, 1597. 

Above, shield of arms bearing Harington quartered with 
Skipworth; below, inscription: — 

"Here lyeth buryed Elizabeth, wife to Thomas Harington 
of South Witham Esq. and one of the daughters of 
Henry Skipworth of Kethorpe in the county of 
Leicester Esq. who dyed the X of Februarye 1597." 

Spalding. Hung up in Board-room of the Johnson 

Thomas Lovell and family, 1597 (wife's death). 

Effigies of a civilian ana wife kneeling at a faldstool ; the 
husband with moustache and beard, in robe with rufF; wife in 
tight dress, with hood, veil, and rufF; behind them four sons 
and five daughters; hands in prayer; over the faldstool a 
shield of arms ; under it the words 
below, inscription in black letter: — 

" Here underneath in this Chauncell on y* north side 
doth lye y^ Corpeses | of Thomas Lovell Esquier & 


Margaret Pyckeringe his wyfe who | was to hfin full 
dear they lyved together in y* state of holy 
matrimonye [ 33 yeares and 21 dayes and had alive 
betwene them ix children I iiii sones and v daughters 
viz Thomas William John & Dudley | Elisabeth 
Elisabeth Margaret Ellenor and Jane whose mother j 
deceased in y* fay the of Christe y® vi*** of July 
Anno Domini 1597 | Being of y* age of Ixi yeares." 

Spilsbv. This church, among the fine monuments of the 
Willoughby d' Eresby family has two important brasses. 

I. Pavement of N. chantry or Willoughby Chapel. 

Margery, Lady Willoughby, 1391. 

On a large gray slab; length of brass, 5ft. J^in.; length of 
effigy, 4ft. ; within a border legend, at the corners of which 
are the evangelistic emblems, the lower right hand one, St. Luke 
[Boutell says St. Matthew], lost. Head repojing on two 
diapered cushions ; in a rich crespine or head-dress, with raised 
front adorned with jeweller's work, and a jewelled bandeau 
over forehead, with veil falling behind; in a sideless cote- 
hardie, or tight dress, over her kirtle, with large roundels or 
buttons down the front, and two more fastening the cords of a 
loose mantle across the breast ; tight sleeves, edged with small 
buttons; cuflFs from wrist to knuckles; hands raised in prayer; 
feet on two little dogs with belled collars. Within the border 
eight shields, one lost; bearing, on dexter side, (i) Mortimer -y 
(2) Ufford and B^f, quarterly; (3) RoSy (4) ff^elles; sinister, 
(l) Bohun\ (2) Louch; (3) 'Beaumont; (4) Ufford and Bec^ 
impaling Louch. Round the verge, inscription, in black 
letter: — 

" Hie iacet Margeria que | fiiit uxor Roberti de Wylughbv 
dni de Eresby | que obiit xviii® die mensis \ 
[Oftobris ano dni Mill'imo ccc] nonagesimo pmo 
cui' aie ppiciet' deus." 
(The words in brackets are lost, and are supplied from 
Gough's Sepulchral Monument^,) 

Iiaines^ i., p. 169; Boutell, Monumental Brasses^ p. 47 and 
plate; Simpson, Brasses^ plate (frontispiece); Gough, Sepulchral 
Monuments^ 1786-96; Line, Arch, Soc. Rep,y 1865, p. 8; 
Arch, Inst. Rep.^ 1848, p. Ivi.; Shaw's Topographer^ i., p. 349. 
This Lady Willoughby was the daughter of William, Lord 
Louch, and the third wife of Robert, the third Baron 
(erroneously called by Boutell the second wife). His first wife 


was Alice, daughter of Sir William Skipwith of Ormsby ; and 
his secona Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Latimer, and widow of 
Lord Nevile of Raby. He died in 1396. {Line. Arch. Soc. 
Rep.) His effigy, together with that of his second wife (as is 
shown by the shields bearing N^ile impaling Latimer^ existing 
in Holies' time) appears on an altar-tomb in this chapel. 
Hence it is probable that the tomb was erected immediately 
after her death, and in the lifetime of the Baron. 

2. Pavement, N. chantry or Willouehby Chapel. 

William, fourth Lord Willoughby d Eresby, and his first 
wife, 141 o. 

On a gray slab; 4ft. long; within a border legend, lost; 
under two triple canopies conjoined, of which the supporting 
shafts are lost ; effigy of knight, in bascinet, round which is an 
orle or coronal, set with large circles, each with beaded edging 
and a rose in centre; plate gorget; hawberk chiefly of plate 
with skirt of five taces; hands upraised in prayer, with gauntlets 
having gadlings or knuckle-spikes; very rich horizontal belt 
round the waist, as well as a transverse one with hanging ends 
for the sword (as on the Laughton brass); rich sheath, having 
a small scutcheon bearing lion rampant, and misericorde with 
ornamented handle; feet on lion. 

The lady, on dexter side, in high gown slightly opened at 
the neck, with collar turned back, over it a full mantle; 
ornamental girdle round waist ; long cufis hanging from wrists ; 
hands raised and slightly apart (a sign of provincial work, 
Haines^ i-j P« 171)1 h^ir in a crespine with rich jewelled 
bandeau ; feet hidden. 

Both on an architectural base, adorned with shields in 
quatrefoils ; below the knight, mutilated, the bearings Ufford and, 
presumably, Bec\ below the lady two lions passant. Strange. 

Border legend lost; according to Gough it was: 

"Gulielmum qui fuerat apud Ersby nunc tumulat' vermib* 
esca dat' hie s's veniam modo sperat mors caro cara 
cinis Cristi nono ruit anno Celi quem scanno D'ne 

Christe medecinis anno bene respice nonum 

eius cognomen satis invenies ibi nudum." 
"This is evidently badly transcribed; it plainly shows traces 
of verse. According to Gough, there was also a shield between 
the effigies bearing three lions impaling a cross engrailed, 
quartering a plain cross; but most probably there were but 
two lions, and the plain cross was a cross sarcely/' {Line, 
Arch. Soc. Rep.) 



Hainesy i^ pp. 28, 160, 171, 185, 187, 188, 208; ii., p. 120; 
BovLtdlj Monumifital Brasses^ p. 35, and two plates; Line. Arch. 
Soe. Rep.y 1865, p.^9; Arch. Inst. Rep.^ '1848, p. Ivi.j Gough, 
Sepulchral Monuments \ Shaw's Topographer^ i., p. 349 ; 
Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 107; Holies' Notes^ Harleian MSS., 
Brit. Mus., No. 6829. 

^The shields . . assure us beyond all doubt that these ef&gies 
represent William, 4th Baron willoughby de Eresby and his 
first wife, Lucy, daughter of Roger, Lord Strange of Knocking 
(whence it was placed on the dexter side); his second wife 
having been Joan, second daughter of Thomas Holland, Earl of 
Kent. Sir Roeer Strange, temp. Edw. U., bore, Gu. within a 
bordure engrailed or. two lions passant arg. ; no such bordure 
however ever appeared upon Lady Willoughby's shield, and her 
bearings were formerly represented without this in one of the 
windows of Spilsby Church, as well as at Friskney, according 
to Holies; but indeed such differences were most usual as 
marks of cadency. William, Lord Willoughby, died in 1410, 
and we may reasonably suppose that his son and heir, Robert 
the 5th Baron, caused this memorial to be placed over his 
father's grave soon after his death, and before the death of the 
second wife, which did not occur until 1434.'' [Line. Arch. 
Soc. Rep.) 

The brass is equally splendid and interesting (Boutell), and 
all the more so as being probably of Lincolnshire work. 

There are many other slabs in the pavement bearing matrices 
of brasses; (i) an ecclesiastic, with small legend plate below; 
(2) a civilian, wife, and family; (3) 5 small shields; (4) a small 
legend-plate. {Line. tArch. Soe. Rep.) 

Stallingborough. I. Pavement of chancel; at present 
partly covered by the organ. 

Sir William Ayscough and his second wife, 1541. 

On a slab which was formerly the top of an altar tomb, now 
destroyed, standing at the E. end of N. aisle, are two small 
effigies, with heraldic dresses, probably of provincial work. The 
lady only is now visible; in a pedimental head-dress with 
lappets, a girdle clasped by a rose, with a long pendent ; rich 
heraldic ornaments on dexter side only of dress ; above, a label, 
"Vxor. Libera nos famulos tuos O beata Trinitas." The 
knight is described as in armour with heraldic coat, and having 
the label '^Maritus. Sea Trinitas, unus Deus, miserere nobis* 


Some shields of arms have been lost. Below, the inscription 
(as given in Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.): 

*^ Osta sub hoc gelido Wilhelmi militis Ayacosh 
Marmore no' pvo muneri presn iacent 
Cui coniuncta iacent tua Margeria pudica| 
Fila Roberti Militis hec Hylyarde." 

Haines^ ii., pp. 120, 26^2; Line. Areh. Soc. Rep.^ 1878, p. 
162; Arch. Inst. Rep.y 1848, p. Ivi.; Hall, Notices of Ltneobt- 
shire^ p. 73. 

2. Under the altar. 

Katherine Ayscugh and 4 children, c. 1600. 
A slab, apparently the top of an altar tomb, on which is the 
lower part of the effigy of a lady and one hand ; feet on a 
greyhound. Below are two infants in swaddling-clothes, part 
of their names, iam and am, remains on scrolls ; two 
daughters in rufi^ tight bodice, and flowing dress ; names on 
scrolls, HESTER and katherine. There is no effigy of the 
husband, but he is supposed to be the William Ayscugh of a 
brass plate at present lying loose on the tomb of Sir Edward 
Ayscugh, with the inscription in capitals: — 

"[H]ere lyeth buried William Ayscugh I [Es]quier sonne 
and heire of S' Edward | Ayscugh, Knight, who died 
on y* fowrth | day of Februarie m the yeare of our | 
Lord God 161 o. Katherine his wife was J one of the 
daughters of William | Hennage of Hainton 
Esquier. | *' 
HaineSy ii., p. 263; Line. Arch. Soc. Rep.^ ^^7^j P* i(>^9 
Hall, Notices of Lincolnshire^ P- 73- 

These brasses at present occupy the unenviable position of 
being the worst treated in the county. 

Another brass, about 20in. by loin., and inscribed on both 
sides to members of the Ayscugh family, is mentioned by a 
correspondent in Lines. N. &r ^., L, p. 181, as lying in 1074 
loose in its matrix on the chancel floor. It has now disappeared. 


This town has been very rich in brasses, as was to be expeded 
from its importance in the middle ages. All Saints church 
still possesses the only considerable colle£Hon in the county, 
except those at Boston and Tattershall \ but its brasses have 
hitherto been much negledled by writers. None are even 
mentioned in the Line. Arch. Soc. Reports^ and the list in the 
Arch. Inst. Rep^ 1848, is more meagre and inaccurate than in 
any other part of the county. 


All Saints, i. On wall, £. end of N. aisle, formerly in 
pavement. (This end of the aisle was formerly the chapel 
of St. Thomas.) 

John Browne, 1442, and wife Margery, 1460. 
Large effigies ; the merchant in gown with fiill sleeves and 
mantle, standing upon two wool-packs. 

Inscription, bearing two merchants' marks, in black letter, 
formerly below their feet, now affixed to wall under adjoining 
(N.E.) window: 

"Orate pro a'i'abs Johi's Browne Marcatoris Stapule Calicie 

et I Margerie uxor is eius qui quidem Joh'es obiit xxvi 

die mensis Julii A® J d'ni m^ccccxlii®. Etquequede' 

Margeria obiit xxii aie Novembris ( A® d'ni m**cccc®lx^ 

Quor' animabus p'picietur Deus. Amen. | ** 

HaineSy ii., p. 120; Nevinson, Hist, Stamford^ p. 68; 

Walcott, Memorials of Stamford^ p. 39 ; Wright, Domus Dei 

of Stamford^ p. 6 j Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 326. 

The wool staple of Calais was of great importance in 
Stamford, and is the origin of the curious local name of 
^ Callises " for " Almshouses," these having been freely built 
for decayed members of the Staple. (Nevinson, Hist. Stamford^ 
p. 1 13 ; Walcott, Memorials of Stamfordy p. 31 j Wright, Domus 
Dei of Stamford^ p. 2.) John Browne was Alderman (=sMayor) 
of Stamford in 1414, 1422, and 1427. 

2. Pavement, S. chantry or Lady Chapel, near No, 3. 
Margaret Elmes. 1471. 

SmaU effigy of lady in lunar head-dress ; below, inscription 
in black letter: 

"Hie iacet Margareta q'onda' filia Joh'is Elmes et 

Elizabeth' uxoris eius de Hendole sup' Temesia' * q' 

obiit p'mo die Augusti a® d'ni m*^cccc®lxxxi** cui' 

a'i'e p'piciet' deus." 

HaineSy ii., p. 120; Nevinson, Hist. Stamford^ p. 71; 

Walcott, Aiemorials of Stamford^ p. 39; Wright, Domus Dei 

of Stamford^ p. 12 ; Peck, Annals of Stamford^ pi. c. (figured) ; 

Arch. Inst. Rep.y 1848, p. Ivii. 

William Brown's only child Elizabeth married John Elmes 
of Henley, by whom she had a large family. Margaret, this 
daughter, must have died young. 

3. E. wall of N. aisle (St. Thomas' Chapel); formerly in 
pavement. (In 1837 this brass was kept at the Vicarage; 
Arch. Inst. Rep.y 1848.) 

^ Henley-on-Thames. 


John Browne, the younger, 1475, and wife Agnes. 

The merchant in Alderman's mantle, with girdle having a 
curious pendent, and a good example of a gypciere or 
aulmoniere (pouch). Below, inscription in black letter: 

" Te precor O Christe matrisque * patris miaerere 
Non sim deie^s nos omnes claudito celis 
Est mihi nomen idemque patri labor unus otrique 
Milleno C quat texageno simul xiffX 
Vitam mutavi Februar mensisque trideno 
Hue ades o coniux Agnes mihi cara fuitti 
Dum mundo vixi post me sis sponsaque Christ! 
Amio milleno C quat % mensis 

Mundum liquisti celestia regna petisti'" 

HaineSy i., p. 203; ii., p. I20j Nevinson, Stamford^ p. 68; 
Walcott, Memorials of Stamford^ p. 39; Wright, Domus Dei of 
Stamford^ p. 9; Arch. Inst, Rep.y 1848, p. Ivii. 

4. S. wall, S. chantry or Lady Chapel. 
Alice Bredmeydew, 1481. 

Brass plate, with inscription in black letter : 

"Orate pro a'i'a Alicie Bredmeydew quonda' sororis 
^Will'mi Brown q' obiit et sepeliebat' sub isto lapide 
x*> die mensis Februarii a® d'ni m®cccc®lxxxi** cui' 
a'i'e p'piciet' Deus Amen." 
Nevinson, Hist, Stamfordy p. 71; Wright, Domus Dei of 
Stam/ordy p. 9; jfrch. Inst. Rep.y 1848, p. Ivii. 

This brass, like No. 4, is said to have been formerly in the 
possession of the Rev. C. Nevinson. Alice Bredmeydew 
was sister of William and John Browne (Nos. 3 and 5), but 
William only is mentioned, John being dead in 1481. 

5. Pavement, S. Chantry or Lady Chapel, in front of altar. 
William Brown and wife Margaret, 1489. (Perhaps 

engraved earlier.) 

On slab ; under two rich canopies, that over the husband, 
lost *, on the pediments a stork on nest in a circle ; the merchant 
in long robe and mantle, feet on two wool-packs ; the wife in 
flowing robes, feet on a dog ; over his head the label, + nt€ 
0p0tl0 f over hers j S)0t€ Hfidbp ^0lp ftt n€tl€ ; over the canopies 

* ** Que " is curiously used four times preceding instead of following the word it 

j* Evidently pronounced '* exve/' 

X ^ These unes show that John Browne was not dead in 1470, as Blore in the 
Pedigree states, but lived till 1475 ; and the blanks in the eighth line dearly imply 
that his wife Agnes survived him, and that the date given for her will, 1470, must 
be an error." (Nevinson.) — ^This John Brown was son of No. I, and younger brother 
of William, No. 3. He was Alderman (f.<., Mayor) of the borough in 1448, 1453, 
and 1462. 


five blank shields ; below, inscription in black letter, half under 
each effigy: 

** Rex regam, dn's dn'antium, tu quia 8oluS| 

\relle tuo suberit om'e quod est vel erit. 
Intrauit terrain corput, s* spr'ts ad te 

Currere feitioat : tu, Deus, accipe me 
In te spenntem : fill Deut, et pater alme^ 

Altitonansque Deus spr'ts, accipe me. 

Peccaui, mala multa tuli, me penitet huiua, 

Ad te clamantem tu, Deus, accipe me. 
Non intres, dn'e, iudicare midii nisi primo 

Digneris venie reddere quod satis est 
£t qui prp nostris ai'abus suscipiendis 

Rex terrenus eras tu, Deus, accipe me." 

Haines i, pp. 115 (motto), 201, ii, p. 120; t/frch. Inst. 
Rep^ 1848, p. Ivii ; Nevinson, Hist. Stamford^ p. 69 ; Walcott, 
Memorials of Stamford^ p. 39 ; Wright, Domus 7)ei of Stamfird^ 
p. 10 (figured] \ Peck, Annals of Stamford^ pi. d. ; Northampton 
Arch, Soc. Rep.j 1850, p. 57 ; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii, p. 326. 

William Browne died 1489, and by his will appointed Mar- 
garet his wife his sole executrix. She was the daughter of 
John Stokke, of Warmington, Northants ; hence the canting 
device of a stork (not a pelican, as tArch. Inst. Rep.) in the 
canopies, which also appears in several windows of Browne's 
Hospital. The brass is perhaps earlier than the date of his 
death (r. 1460, Haines [certainly too early] ; c. 1480, 
tArch. Inst. Rep.) ; and may have been engraved after the 
restoration of All Saints Church from the damage done by the 
Lancastrians in 1461, and the building of the spire, prooably 
by the two brothers John (No. 3) and William in conjun(%on. 

The following not unsatisfectory rendering of the epitaph is 
given by Peck : 

'* O King of kings and Lord of lords, thy wiU 
In yielding to the grave must all fulfil. 
But as my flesh to earth my spirit to thee, 
On whom my hope depends miakes haste to flee. 
Thou gracious Father, Son, and Holy Ohost 
Receive my Soul, or I'm for ever lost. 
A many sins I've done, and much am griev'd j 
Then let my cries for mercy be receiVd. 
Enter not into judgement with me, Lord : 
Mercy I beg, thy mercy first aflford. 
Thou who in pity didst our nature take, 
Hear and O save me for thy mercies' sake." 

" A comparison of the verses on William and John Browne*s 
monuments with certain others to be found in the cloister of 
the Hospital [see Wright, Domus Dei of Stamford^ p. 67] will 
probably suggest that they came from the same pen ; and we shall 


not perhaps be fiir wrong in attributing them to Margaret 
Browne's brother, Thomas Stokke, who, as her executor, was 
charged with the usk of carrying out the foundation of her 
husband's Almshouse." (Nevinson, Stamford.) 

William Browne was one of the most remarkable merchants 
in England. He is described by Leland {apud B\or^) as ''a 
Marchant of a very wonderful richenesse." Besides carrying 
out the restoration of All Saints Church, begun by his father 
(No. I ), and building the fine late Perp. steeple at the W. end 
of the new N. aisle, probably in conjunction with his 
brother, he founded in 1485 the noble hospital which 
bears his name, for a Warden and Confrater, both secular 
priests, ten poor brethren, and two nurses. His house stood 
close to the Hospital, and part of it remains. He was Alderman 
(/.^., Mayor)of the borough six times, and Sheriff of Rutland 
three times. (See Domus Dei of Stamford^ by the Rev. H. P. 
Wright, 1 890 ; a fine monograph on the Hospital.) 

6. E. Wall of N. aisle (St. Thomas' Chapel], formerly 
in pavement. 

Christopher Browne and wife (?), c. 1500. 

Two small effigies ; inscription lost. 

Haines J ii., p. 120; Nevinson, Stamford^ p. 69. 

This brass was formerly in the possession of the Rev. C. 
Nevinson, Warden of Browne's Hospital, who restored it to 
the church. Christopher was son of John Browne (No. 3] and 
nephew of William (No. 5.) 

7. On S. wall of S. chantry or Lady Chapel, formerly in 
pavement of chancel, but removed at the restoration in 1857. 

Henry Wykys, Vicar, 1508. 

Small effigy of priest in cope, head lost ^ below, inscription 
in black letter: 

"Orate pro a'i'a Henrici Wykys quondam Vicarii ist* 
eccl'ie qui obiit ix^ die mensis Maii, a^ d'ni 
M®ccccc**viii<» Cui' a'i'e p'picietur Deus Amen." 
Haines^ i., p. 79; ii., p. 120; Nevinson, Hist. Stamford^ 
p. 7 1 i Peck, Desiderata Curiosa (plate). 

"Henry Wykys became possessed of both the old and the 
new manors of Burghley, and from him they passed to 
Margaret Chambers, daughter of his cousin John, by whom 
they were sold to Richard Cecil, father of the Lord Treasurer." 
{Nevinson from Peci.) 

8. Pavement of S. Chantry or Lady Chapel. 
John Saunders, 1693. 


Brass plate bearing shield of arms and inscription : 

"Here lyeth the Bodv of John Saunders of Sapperton in 
the County of Lincoln, Esq', who departed this life 
December the 12, 1693, in the 50 yeare of his 

St. John's, i. E. wall of S. chantry; formerly on a large 
blue slab near the pulpit (Dra^ard), 

William Gregory and wife, Agnes, c. 1460. 

Brass plate with inscription in black letter: 

Hie iacent Will'm's Gregory qu'da' ma'r isti' ville et 
Agnes uxor eius, quor' a'i'ab'us p*picietur deus 

Haines J ii., p. 121; Nevinson, Hist. Stamford^ p. 31 (stated 
there to be lost but corrected in Corrigenda to vol.) ; Walcott, 
Memorials of Stamford^ p. 42; Peck, Annals of Stamford 
(figured) pll. A., B.; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 325. 

The title ma'r (mayor) is remarkable; it should be "Alder- 
man." See the next brass. 

Peck, Hist. Stamford^ gives a portion of an inscription 
in one of the windows: — "Orate pro animabus Willelmi . . . 
et Agnetis consortis sue qui istam fenestram vitream fecerunt 
an. dni. mcccc^l® primo." The brass enables us to supply this 
hiatus. St. John's Church was then newly rebuilt, and 
William and Agnes Gregory were among the first to be buried 
in it. 

2. £• wall of S. chantry, formerly in pavement. 

Nicholas Byldesdon and wife Katherine, 1489. 

A rather peculiar brass, perhaps provincial; standing, with 
hands joined in prayer; under the husband, 4 sons; under the 
wife, 5 daughters; evangelistic emblems at corners of slab; 
below, inscription in black letter: 

"Pray for ye souU of Nicholas Byldysdon sumtyme 
Alderma' of thys' town and Kateryn hys wyff ye 
whych Kateryn decessyd y* viii. day of Septe'b' i' 3^ 
yere of our Lord mcccclxxxix on whos' souU I'hu 
nave mercy." 
Haines^ ii., p. 121 ; Nevinson, Hist. Stamford^ p. 30; 
Walcott, 34emorials of Stamford^ p. 42; Peck, Annals of 
Stamford (figured), pi. a ; Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 325. 

"Alderman," as in the case of the Brownes,=Mayor. The 
title was not changed till the new charter of 1663. (Nevinson, 
Hist. Stamford^ p. 108.) 


3* Wall of S. chantry; formerly in S. aisle. 
Henry Sargeaunt, Rector, 1497. 

Small effigy of priest in Eucharistic vestments, much worn; 
below, inscription in black letter: — 

''Hie iacet maeister Henricus Sargeaunt, quondam rector 

istius eccPe qui obijt xiv^ die mensis iunii an® d'ni 

MCCCCLxxxxvii cuius anime p'picietur deus amen." 

Haines^ ii,, p. 121 ; Nevinson, Hist* Stamford^ p. 30; 

Walcott, Memorials of Stamford^ p. 42 ; Peck, Stamford 

(engraved), pi. B. 

Stamford, St. Mary's. 

No brasses now exist here; but in the pavement of the N. 
chantry chapel or "Golden Choir," is the matrix of the brass 
of William Hicl(ham^ Alderman («Mayor) in 1467, who gave 
the richly-ornamented roof of the chapel; the following 
inscription runs along the base of it: 

''Orate pro aiaro. Willi Hickham et Alicie uxoris eius qrii. 
aiabs. p'picietur Deus Amen." 

Nevinson, Hist. Stamford^ p. 25; Walcott, Memorials of 
Stamford^ p. 49; Northampton Arch. Soc. %jp.^ 1850, p. 57. 

Stamford, St. George's. Wall of N. aisle. 

Tobie Norris, 1626. 

Small plate with inscription in very rude capitals : 

"Here lieth the Bo f dy of Tobie Norris Belfoun. Who 
dec I ea. the 2 of No. 1626." 
North, Church Bells of Lincolnshire^ p. 52 (figured). 
The execution is of the rudest kind ; the letter N and the 
figure 2 are upside down. 

Stamford, All Saints. 

Over the apex of the chancel arch is a shield-shaped stone, 
on which is a heart-shaped brass plate, bearing the letter B and 
the merchants' mark of the Brownes. It is probably not a 
heart-shrine, but a mere decoration, to signalise the restoration 
of the church by the great merchant femily. A somewhat 
similar device occurs on the tower. 

Stoke Rochford. i. Pavement, chancel. 

Henry Rochforth, wife, and familv, 1470. 

On a slab; effigies of Jcnight and wife, five sons and three 
daughters ; at corners, the evangelistic symbols in roundels, of 
which only St. Luke's remains; below, mscription: 



"Hie lacct Henricus Rochfbrth armig' qui obijt xxv. 

die mesis | Oftobris a® dni m** cccc^xx^ cuius a'l'e 

p'picietur deus amen." 

HaineSy ii., p. 1 2 1 ; Arch. Inst, Rep.^ 1 848, p. Ivii. (erroneously 

described); Line. Arch, Soc. Rep, 1875, p. 19; Turnor, 

Grantham^ p. 136; engraved hy Wm. Fowler in his fine series 

of county plates, 18 12. 

His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Scrope of Bdton, 
lord of the manor of Easton, in this parish. 

2. Pavement, chancel. 

Oliver St. John, and wife Elizabeth, 1503. 
On a slab ; effigies of husband and wife, and two shields of 
arms, lost ; inscription still remaining : 

" Pray for the soil of Mastyr Olyv Sentjohn squire sonne 
unto ye right excellent hye and mighty prynces duchess 
of Som'sete grdame unto ou sovey'n Lord Kynge 
Herre the VII and for the soil of Dame Elizabeth 
Bygod his wifFe whoo dep'ted frome this t*nsitore 
line ye xii day of June i ye yeer of ou Lord 
Mccccc and in. 
HaineSy ii., p. 121 ; Line, Arch, Soc. Rep.^ 1875, p. 19; 
Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 317. 

Elizabeth St. John was widow of Sir John Bigod, who was 
killed with his father, on Towton field, 1461. The Duchess 
of Somerset, whose son and esquire St. John was, was the wife 
of John Beaufort, the younger of that name, and mother of 
Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond, mother of 
Henry VII. Oliver St. John, by this marriage, acquired the 
manor of Stoke. He is described by Leland as a ^^ big, black 
fellow." He died at Fontarabia, in Spain, but was buried 
"before the quire of St. Andrew," in this church. {Line. 
Arch. Soc. Rep,) 

3. Pavement, chancel. 
Sibella St. John, 1493. 

On a slab, plate with inscription : 

"Hie iacet Sibella Seyntjohn quodam filia Olivcri 
Sentjohn que obiit primo die mensis Julii A® Dni Millimo 
ccccLXXxxiii cuius aie ppiciet de." 
Line. tArch, Soc. Rep.y 1875, p. 19. 

She was daughter of No. 2. It is curious that the name 
St. John should be spelt differently on the same brass for the 
father and daughter. 


Stow. Pavement, under the central tower; formerly 
affixed to one of its eastern piers. 

Richard Burgh, 1627. 

Plate with inscription : 

*^ Aspice, respice, prospice. 
In this chauncel lyth buried ye bodies of Richard Burgh 
of Stow Hal), Esq., and Anne his wife, descended 
P™ the anc* and noble familie of the Lord Burgh, 
Baron of Gainesborough and next heyr male of that 
familie, and the said Anne was the eldest daughter of 
Anthony Dillington of Knighton, in y* Isle of 
Wight Esq. had 4 sons, viz. that noble and valiant 
soldyer Sir John Burgh, CoUonel GenVall of his 
Maj'" forces to the Isle of Rhe in France where he 
was slain a.d. 1627." 

Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 45. 

SwiNDERBY. Under S. window of chancel. 

Various members of Disney family, from 161 3 to 1747. 

Two brass plates with long inscription : 

"A memorial of such part of the family of Disney as are 

buried in the Church and Chancel of Swinderby. 
" Eleanor Disney, daughter of Thomas Grey of Langley, 

in the county of Leicester, and 2nd lady of Sir Henry 

Disney of Norton Disney, Knt., to whom she was 

married at Norton Disney, on Jan. 29, 1593, and 

was buried March lo, 161 3. 
" Henry Disney, 2nd son of Sir Henry Disney, Knt. (was 

Baptized April 5, 1602), was buried Feb. 7, 161 8, 

aged 15 years. 
"Mary Disney, eldest daughter of Sir Henry Disney, Knt. 

(who was Baptized Dec. 3, 1595) was buried Oct, 

18, 1625, aged 29 years. 
"John Disney, 3rd son of John Disney of Swinderby, 

Esq', (who was the eldest surviving son of Sir Henry 

Disney, Knt., and Eleanor his 2nd lady) and Barbara 

his wife, who was born May 27, 1647, ^^^ buried 

March 21, 1644, aged 16 years. 
"Henry Disney, 4th son of Daniel Disney of Kirkstead, 

Esq'., and Catherine his wife, who was born Jan. 20, 

i68|, died April 27, 1683. 
"Catherine Disney, 3rd daughter, and at length co-heiress 

of Henry Fynes alias Clinton of Kirkstead, Esq'., 




and wife of Daniel Disney of Kirkstead, Esq^, was 

born April nth, 1655, and died May 16, 1690, aged 

35 years. 
"Gcrvase Disney, of Lincoln, Esq', (the 2nd and eldest 

surviving son of Jno. Disney of Swinderby, Esq'., 

and Barbara his wife] was born April 8, 1641, and 

died April 3, 1691, aged 49 years. 
'^Catherine Disney, eldest daughter of Dan^ Disney, Esq'., 

and Catherine his wife, was born Nov. 6, 1076, and 

died June 10, 1696, aged 19 years. 
"Sam*. Disney, sth son of Dan*. Disney, Esq., and 

Catherine his wife, was born Feb. 18, 1686, Died 

March 16, 1696, aged 10 years. 
"Barbara Disnev, 3rd daughter of Dan*. Disney, Esq., 

and Catherine his wife, was born Dec. 2, 1684, and 

buried Nov. 2, 1698, aged 13 years. 
Barbara Disney, daughter of Gervace Lee of Wormell 

Hall in the county of Nottingham, Esq., and Relid 

of John Disney, of Swinderby, Esq., died June 18, 

William Disney, 4th son of John Disney of Lincoln, 

Esq. (afterwards of Nottingham) and Mary his wife, 

was born July 6, 1702, and was buried Sept. 6, 17 13, 

aged II years. 
"Danl. Disney of Lincoln, Esq', (eldest surviving son of 

John Disney of Swinderby, Esq'., and Barbara his 

Wife) was tx)rn May 10, 1656, and died Aug. 29, 

1734-aged 78 years. 
"Martha Disney, daughter of Danet Forth, Esq., Citizen 

and Alderman of London, and Reli£fc of Dan^. Disnev 

of Lincoln, Esq'., died Jan. 27, 1747, aged 92 years. ' 

Tattershall. The fine series of brasses here will be 
described in the next number. 

Theddlethorpe All Saints. 

I. Pavement, S. chantry. 

Robert Hay ton, 1424. 

On slab, effigy 22^ inches long; knight in bascinet, the 
apex lost; camail of mail (of which it is the latest known 
instance) ; plate hawberk with taces, epaulieres, coudieres, 
jambarts, genouillieres, soUerets, and spurs; cuffed gauntlets; 
bands joined in prayer; transverse sword-belt with sword and 



misericorde ; feet on a lion : above, two shields of arms, bearing 
vert, a lion passant or. within a bordure billettee, difierented by 
4 billets in base arranged cruciform: below, inscription in 
raised letter, the date much worn: — 

"Hie iacet Robertus Hayton Armiger cmi obijt 

die Mensis fFebruarij Anno dni MillinM) 

vicesimo quarto cui' aie p*piciet' deus ame." 

Haines i., pp. 28, 188; ii., p. 121 ; Boutell, Mcnumental 

Brasses^ P* 37 ^^^ plate; do., Brasses and Slabs y p. 60 (date 

5iven as 1425); Line. Arch. Soc. Rep., ^873, p. 15; Arch* 
nst. Rep., 1848, p. LVii.; Allen, Lincolnshire, ii., p. 160 (date 
given as 1429): arms on shield. Hall, Notices of Lincoln- 
shire, p. 168 (figured); Boutell, Manual of Heraldry, Plate 
XL VIII., fig. 411. 

This brass is very important as the latest instance of mail 
camail, the plate gorget being fully in use in 1424; it is 
undoubtedly of provincial work, but nne. 

2. Pavement, S. chantrv. 

Shield of Angevine family, c. 1400? 

Slab, on which were effigies of a knight and lady with border 
legend, lost: one shield or arms remains, bearing — arg. 2 bars 
gu. on a chief vert 3 bezants, for Anguine. 

Line. Arch. Soc. Rep., 1873, P- ^6; Hall, Notices of Lincoln- 
shire, p. 168. 

If this slab commemorated the founder of the Perp. Chantry 
in which it is placed, the date must be about 1400, but this 
cannot be fixed with precision. The Angevine arms, with 
quarterings, appear on a shield on nave roof, on the W. screen of 
the N. chantry, and on the W. screen and roof of the S. 

There is also another slab having matrices of a shield and 
border legend, probably of the same family, 

Uffington. Small brass plate on an upright stone at the 
W. end of the churchyard, with inscription, very rudely 
executed in capital letters : 

"Clary Lowe, 1690. 

To thiB place they bequeathed theire clay 

In hopes to rice another day 

Death seiz*d him first, he went away 

To the blest mansions to provide 

Eternal rest for his bride. 

Such mighty force haeth union's tye 

Who truly loves can never dve. 

Clary Lowe, Dy'd July the 24th, 1690." 


This remarkable inscription has never hitherto, as far as I 
know, been recorded. The position of the brass, on a tomb- 
stone in the churchyard, is, as far as I am aware, absolutely 
unique. The only other brass outside a church in the county, 
that of an Archbishop on the tower of Edenham, is almost 
certainly votive, not sepulchral. 


1 . In sill of chancel window opening into vestry, on an oak 
frame; formerly in N. aisle. 

John and Margaret Waltham, c. 1400. 

Brass plate with inscription : — 

''Hie iacent Johannes et Margarete uxor eius quondam 
pater et mater Johannis Waltham Sarum Episcopi 
quorum animabus p'picietur Deus. Amen.** 
HaineSy ii., p. 121; Line. Arch. Soc, Rep.^ ^^1% P* 'S^ 
('Mary' given for 'Margaret'). 

This interesting brass was found in 1849, under a pew in 
the N. aisle, cracked in half, but is now carefully treated. It 
was probably laid down in accordance with the directions of 
the Bishop's will, of which an abstract is given in Kite, Brasses 
ofWiltshirey p. 97. Haines gives the date as c. 1420, but as 
Bishop Waltham died 1395 this is probably too late. 

John Waltham was Master of the Rolls, 1382; Lord High 
Treasurer of England ; and Bp. of Salisbury, 1391-1395. By 
direction of the young King, Richard Ii., who mart em eius 
graviter tulitj he was interred in amoris testimonium^ "but not," 
says Walsingham, "without much general disatisfaction," near 
the tomb of Edward I. in Westminster Abbey, where his 
brass still remains. The Abbey authorities were pacified with 
a present of two splendid copes, and a large sum of money. 
Nothing was known of his origin or birthplace before the 
discovery of this brass. See Murray's Cathedrals^ Satisbury^ 
p. 1 23 ; Popular Guide to Westminster tAhhey^ p. 70. 

2. In sill of chancel window; formerly in pavement of 
N. aisle. 

Johanna Waltham, son, and daughter, 1420. 

Three small half-effigies ; the daughter bears a good example 
of the wreath of young unmarried women. 

HaineSy i., p. 205 (the daughter figured); ii., p. 121 ; Arch. 
Inst. Rep.y 1848, p. Ivii. ('John' for 'Johanna') ; Line. Arch. 
Soc.Rep.^ 1878, p. 158. 


These were formerly on a slab, which was unhappily broken 
in the restoration of the church, 1867, Haines gives the date 
as c. 1 41 5, but Johanna Waltham died, 1420. 


Haines^ i., p. 122 (with mark of doubt *) mentions a brass 
of Nicholas Baylye, 1557. No such brass now exists here, 
nor can I find any other record of it. 

Welton-le-Wold. On wall of chancel. 

John Dyon. 

Shield of arms with inscription : 

'* Hie iacet corpus | JohTs Dyon Armig." 
Allen, Lincolnshiriy ii., p. 198. 

WicKENBY. On E. wall of S. aisle. 

Henry Millner, 1635. 

Brass plate with shield of arms \ on either side an urn with 
death's head ^ below inscription within ornamental border, the 
verse part in church text, the rest in capitals : 

'* Behold thyielf by me, 
Such one was I as thou. 
And thou in time shall be 
Euen dust as I am now. 

Here lyeth y* body of Henry Millner ( Gent, who 
departed this life the | 31th [sic] day of luly Anno 
Nativitatis 65 | Anno Domini 1635." 
Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 65 (given as " Henry Milns.") 

WiNTERTON. Pavement, chancel; partly under a wooden 

John Rudd and two wives and children, 1504. 

On a gray marble slab ; effigies of a merchant and his two 
wives, the husband's effigy lost, the others much worn; 
effigy of one child under first (dexter) wife, under the other a 
matrix apparently of a group of three children ; two shields of 
arms, lost ; border legend much mutilated. 

Haines^ ii., p. 121 ; Arch. Inst, Rep,^ 1848, p. Ivii.; Allen, 
Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 223 ; De la Pry me, Hist, of Winter ton^ in 
Archaologioy vol. XL. ; Hall, Notices of Lincolnshire^ p. 29. 

John Rudd was a merchant of the Staple of Calais, and is 
said to have founded a chantry in the church. 

Allen's Lincolnshire (1834) says: "In the S. wall is a small 
niche in which is part of an effigy in brass ; the inscription and 
arjns formerly attached to it destroyed," 


WiNTHORPE, !• Pavement, central passage of nave. 
Richard Barowe, wife, and family, 1505. 
On slab; effij^es of a civilian, wife, and three children; 
shield of arms, ^ure of an angel, and evangelistic symbols at 
the corners, lost; below, on separate plate, inscription: 

''Here lyeth Richard Barowe sumtyme marchant of the 
Stapyll of Calys and Batarick hys wyfe, the whiche 
Richard decissyd the xx day of Apryle the yere of 
owre Lord a.m. ccccc and fyve on whose sowUys 
Ihu have mercv amen for charitie." 
HaineSy ii., p, 121 ; Ltnc. Arch, Soc, Rep,j 1865, p. 76 ; jfrch. 
Inst. Rip.y 1848, p. Ivii. ; Oldfield, Wainfleet^ p. 288. 

The Barrow family, deriving their name from Barrow-on- 
Humber, were established here m the 14th century. Thomas 
Barowe, elder brother of Richard, was Master of the Rolls, 
and Prebend of St. Stephen's Chapel, Westminster, and Keeper 
of the Great Seal, 1485. A grant of arms was made to 
Thomas and Richard Barowe, 1496: "Quarterly, y^ first 
quarter sabul two swords (y* poyntes upwards) crossed^ pomelled, 
hylted, and fretty sylver, betweene foure flowre de lyse golde, 
a bordure sylver and purple. The second quarter sabul, ye 
base parte a roo (roe) passante in his own kynde sylver; a bar 
in ye chefe two floure delyse golde, to theyre & ych* of theim 
timber upon ye holmes, a roo heede sylver sette in wrethe lyke 
to ye border above named." (Harl.MSS., 1820, 71.) Richard 
in his will desired to be buried at Winthorpe, and that "a 
mannerly stone otherwise called through " should be set upon 
his grave. Isaac Barrow, Bishop of St. Asaph, 1 670-1 680, 
and his nephew, Isaac Barrow, the celebrated divine. Master 
of Trinity College, Cambridge, 167 2-1 67 7, were of this 
fiimily. {Line, Arch, Soc, Rep!) 

2. Pavement, central passage of nave. 
Robert Palmer, 1515. 

On a slab, now broken ; small effigy of a civilian in prayer; 
below, inscription, on separate plate : 

"Pray for y* sowle of Robert Palmer y* whiche decsd 
y* X day of may in y* yere of our Lord god 
A.M.v*xv. on whose sowle Ihii have mcy." 
Haines^ ii., p. 121 ; Line, Arch, Soc, Rep,y 1865, p. 76; Arch, 
Inst. Rep., 1848, p. Ivii.; Oldfield, JVainfeet, p. 288. 
The figuring of the date in this brass is unusual. 
The family of Palmer was established here before the end of 
the 15th century. Elizabeth Palmer of Winthorpe married 


George Sharpc, afterwards Archbishop of York, 1676. There 
is a brass of William Palmer in the neighbouring church of 
Ingoldmells. On the walls of the fine Perpendicular porch is 
the inscription : 

*' Robert Langaay and Wylly' Palm' that payd for thyi. 
God for hys mercy bryng nam to hyt blys." 


£• wall of chancel, N. of £• window. 
Robert Harington, 1558. 

Small brass plate, with inscription, in capital letters : 

^'Hic iacent Robertus Harington Armiger et | Alicia uxor 
eius qui quidem Robertus obiit | Quarto die Januarii 
anno dni 1558 et anno | regni Iblizabeth Dei gra 
AngliaeFranciaeet | HiberniaeReginaeFideiDefensoris 
etc. primo : | eademq. Alicia obiit 23 die Novembris 
anno | dni 1565 et anno dictae Reginae octavo." 
Line, t^rcb. Soc. Rip^ 1889, p. xiii. 

There are brasses of two other members of the Harington 
family in South Witham church. 

Wrangle, i. Pavement, chancel. 
John Reed, and wife Margaret, 1503-4. 

Large slab, formerly bearing shield of arms and merchant's 
mark, lost, also the following marginal inscription, much 
mutilated : 

** Here liethe y* bodies of | John Reed sutyme marchant of 
of y* Stapyll of Calys & | Margaret his wyfe y* 
whiche John decessyd y* xxiiii day of October y* 
yere of o' Lord a.m. ccccc and iii. y* said 
Margaret decessyd y* xxiiii day of March yere of 
o* Lord A.M. ccccc & iv." 

** They for man when ye [winde blowt 

Make the mill grinde j 
And ev. on thy owne loale 

Hare thow [a minde. 
That thou givett wly^ thy hande 

That shalt thou ttnde, 
And yt thou lerys thy execatort 

Comys hr be hynde 
Do for youre slefe [nV.] 

WhiU y* have space 
To pray Ihu of mcy ft grace 

I heuen to hare a place." 


On the slab : 

** Hinc vos qui tumulu' mortit spe6hitis et urntm 

Credite qai iacet hie om'ibus aequut erat : 
£t bonus et iuttus, populut gratuaque, benignui, 

Vt nulli nocuit nee quoque damna dedit. 
Innocuot coluit mores, vicinus amabat 

Vicinos, coluit maxime templa Dei. 
Senrator fidei fiierat, furomissa tenefaat, 

Donabat miseris plurima pauperibus. 
Sic meritus semper dum vixit nu'c et humati 

Quot merito Uudes hec notat uma viri. 
Fondite iamque precea, cundi banc qui cemitis uma' 

Spirittts in celos scandat ut usque suus." 

HaineSyi^p. i8o; ii., p. I2i ; Line, Jrch. Soc. Rep ^ iSyOjp- 
2i6i Morton, Churches of Holland^ IVrangle^ ?• ^9 • Thompsoni 
Hist. Boston^ p. 602 ; Allen, Lincolnshire^ i., p. 276. (The 
part of the verses in brackets is lost, but is to some extent 
supplied from Marratt's LincolnshirCy 18 16.] 

Somewhat similar verses occur on the brass of Richard Adane, 
1535, in Kelshall church, Herts. 

2. S. side of chancel, on altar-tomb. 

Sir John Read, 1626. 

Tomb, having alabaster recumbent effigies of knight in 
armour and a lady on a base below, with smaller ones of 
children in front, one an in&nt in cradle with death's head 
intruding; incised shield of arms bearing gu. on a bend arg. 
3 shovellers sa. Read^ impaling arg. a bend between 3 griffins' 
heads erased or. quartering barry of 6, arg. and sa. alton and 
Gerrard{^)'^ inscriptions, on separate plates: 

^'Johannes Read, eques aureus vereque Xrianus,Eirenarcha 
prudens pacisq. amator, dux militaris manus in hisce 
partibus multum dile<Eius multumque desideratus 
abiit non obiit 12^ die Novembris annoque virginei 
partus 1626. Postquam summacum laude sexaginta 
et quinque complesset annos." 

Dame Ann Read, daughter of Sir John Garret, knight, 
Lord Mayor of London, ereded this monument to 
the pious memory of her most beloved loving 
husband. Sir John Read, knight.*' 

** A worthy gentleman, of such good parts 
As had of rich and poore the love and hearts 
Hath here his corps, the case and outward side 
His soule in heaven with Christ who for him dyde. 
Fowle-mouth'd base envie say it what it can, 
He was a worthy, honest, right good man. 



** Whom love did linke and nought but death detsever 
Well mvf they be conjoined and ly together, 
Like turtle-doves they liv'd ; chast, pure in mind ; 
Fewe, O too fewe, such couples we shall find, 
Example they have left for after times 
To shun of marriage state the common crimes." 

^Lo children are an heritage of the Lord, and the fruit of 
the womb is his reward." — Tsabn 127, 3 v. 

"Thy wife shall be as a fruitful vine by the side of thine 
house ; thy children like olive-branches round about thy table." 
— Psalm 128, 3 V. 

Line. Arch, Soc. %^ep.y '5?^' P- 3^7> Morton, Churches of 
Hollandy Wrangle^ p. 17$ Thompson, Hist. SostoHy p. 602 ; 
Allen, Lincolnshirfy i., p. 276. 

The name "Eirenarcha," for "Justice of the Peace," is 

The Rede, Reed, Read, or Reade family (for the name is 
spelt in all these ways] was settled at Wrangle from about the 
middle of the 14th to the middle of the 1 7th century. Richard, 
son of John and Margaret Reed (brass No. 1} apparently 
re-roofed the chancel in memory of his father and mother; on 
one of the beams is the inscription: "Orate pro bono statu 
Ricardi Reed mercatoris et pro aiabus JohTs Rede et Margarite 
parentum istius Rid qui hoc opus fecit ano. diii 1528." Masses 
were said at Waltham Abbey (to which this church belonged] 
in 1503 for Robert Rede, probably another brother. (Tanner's 
Notitioy Waltham Abbey). Sir Robert Rede was Chief Justice 
of the King's Bench, c. 1520. Sir John Read (brass No. 2) 
was apparently great-grandson of John and Margaret Reed. 
His widow. Lady Anne, lived till 1652, she was the last of 
the family at Wrangle. A portion of Wrangle Hall, much 
modernised, still remains as a farm house. (Thompson, Hist. 
Bostofiy p. 604; and Line. Arch. Soc. Rep,) 

Wroot. I. N. wall, chancel. 

Sarah Clifford, 1714. 

Small brass plate with inscription : 

" Sarah late Wife of | Hen. Clifford. M. A. Procb. of | Line : 
and Redor of this Church | Dyed the i*^ of September 
1 7 14 in I the year of her age 68 | Acts, 9th chap : 
36th V." 

"This woman was full of good works and Alms-deeds which 
she did." 


2. Wall, S. transept. 

Samuel Smyth, 1 765, and Mary Whitelamb. 

Small brass plate with inscription: 

''Near this place Lies y* Remains of Sam^ | Smyth son of 
Barn* and Fran* Smyth late | Redor, Panton 
Lin*^. \ Departed y* 4 of Odo' 1765, Ag** 55. | 
Also Mary Whitelamb, wife of y* late Re^r of 

Mary Whitelamb was the 2nd sister of John Wesley. 


The Alphabetical List of Brasses, excluding those of 
Tattershall (which will follow in next part), conclude with 
Wroot. Those which, for various reasons, have been postponed 
will appear in the order given below ; and any reader of Lincs^ 
N. ^ ^ who may know of a brass hitherto overlooked are 
urgently entreated to send me particulars of it before the list 
is finished. 

Addlethorpe (Susan Lowson and Mary Andrews), Algarkirk 
(Basil Beridge), Barholm (Francis Fordham), Barnetby-le-Wold 
(Robert Kelk), Bigby (John Lee and William Gary), Broughton 
(Katharine Anderson), Burgh (Leonard Palmer), Corringham 
(Henry Clifford), Edenham (Ancaster Family), Friskney (Piers 
Jonson and Robert and Mary Bagley), Gedney (a lady), Keelby 
(John South and Alice South), Metheringham (five inscriptions ), 
Silk Willoughby (Frances Sarson, John Leigh, and Elizabeth 
Wyche), Tattershall (seven brasses). 

I have seen a rubbing of a brass of Nicholas Sanderson, 1619^ 
marked on the back *' Stainton," but have been unable to get 
any information about it. 

Shorwell Vicarage^ hie of Wight. G. E. Jeans. 

Lincolnshire Topographical Books. 25 

Stark, Adam. History of the Bishopric of Lincoln^ from 
its commencement at Sidnacester or Lindisse; — its conne£tion 
with Lichfield and Leicester; — its junfUon with Dorchester ; — 
until the seat of the See was fixed at Lincoln, immediately 
after the Conquest. By Adam Stark, author of the History of 
Gainsburgh, etc. [Motto.] London: Longman, Brown, 
Green, and Longmans; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; J. R. 
Smith. 8^. n.d. 

Title — Dedication — Introdudion— Contents, zviii. pp. — Text and 
Appendix, 5Z9 pp. 

History fff Antiquities of Lincoln, Lincoln: Brookes and 
Vibert. 1864. 8^^ 

Frontispiece — Engraved Title — ^Text, 1 12 pp. — Additions, viii. pp. 
6 plates, besides numerous woodcuts in text. The pagination is very 

Walcott, Mackenzie E. C. Memorials of Lincoln 
& the Cathedral; by Mackenzie E. C. Walcott, B.D., &c., &c. 
[Motto.] Lincoln: Chas AkriU. MDCCCLXV. 8^^ 

73 pp. 

CousANS, E. R. Civitas Lincolnia from its Municipal and 
other Records. Lincoln: Printed by Edward Ralph Cousans. 
1870. 8^. 

Title — ^Text, liS pp. 

Willis, Brown. Survey of the Cathedrals. London. 
1727-30. 4*®. 3 vols. 

Vol. III. contains the Survey of Lincoln, with 3 illustrations. 

De Foe, Daniel. A Comparison between Torl( and Lincoln 
Minsters. York. 1800. 8^°. 

Storer, J. History and t^ntiquities of the Cathedral 
Churches of Great Britain. Illustrated with a Series of highly 
finished Engravings. London. 1814-19. 8^. 4 vols. 

The account of Lincoln Cathedral is illustrated with lo plates. 

Winkles, B. ArchiteSfural and Picturesque Illustrations of 
the Cathedral Churches of England and Wales : with descriptions 
by Thomas Maule. London. 1 838. 8^° and 4***. 2 vols. 

VoL II. contains the account of Lincoln Cathedral, with 10 illustrations. 

[Anon.] Statuta Eccksioe Cathedralis Lincolniensis 
Londini: 1873. 8^ 

Pp. ZTl., Z12. 


Maddison, a. R. a Short Account of the Vicars Choral^ 
Poor CUri^Sy Organists^ and Choristors of Lincoln Cathedral from 
the 1 2th Century to the Accession of Edward 6th. By 
A. R. Maddison, M.A., F.S.A., Priest-Vicar. London. 
1878. 8^ 

Pp. 95. 

Venablbs^ Edmund. A WaU( through the Streets of 
Lincoln: A Lefhire delivered by the Rev. Edmund Venables, 
M.A., Precentor of Lincohi, To the Young Men's Christian 
Association, on the Evening of December nth, 1883. 
[Motto.] Chas. Ackrill, Printer, Lincohi. 8^. 

3*. pp. 

V ENABLES, Edmund. A Walk through Lincoln ACnster: 
A Le£hire delivered by the Rev. Edmund Venables, M.A., 
Precentor of Lincoln, To the Young Men's Christian 
Association, on the Evening of December 12th, 1884. 
[Motto.] Ackrill, Ruddock, and Keyworth, Printers, Lincoln. 

46 pp. 

Venables, Edmund. A Second ^^Zi^ through the Streets 
of Lincoln: A Le£lure delivered by the Rev. Edmund 
Venables, M.A., Precentor of Lincoln, To the Young Men's 
Christian Association, on the Evening of December nth, 
1885. [Motto.] Ackrill, Ruddock, and Keyworth, Printers, 
Lincoki. 8^. 

3* pp. 


[Anon.] Some Account of Sticl^ney and its endowed 
Grammar School. Boston. n.d, 12™^. 


Peacock, Edward. Scotter and the Neighbourhood. A 
Ledure. Hertford. 1878. 8^. 


Stark, A. An Account of the Parish of Lea^ with Lea 
Woody in the Hundred of Corringham, Lincohishire. London. 
1 841. 8^. 




Vbrmuidbn, Sir C. A Discourse touching the Drayning of 
the Great Fennes lying within the several Counties of Lincolne, 
Northampton, Huntingdon, Norfolke, Sufiblke, Cambridge, 
and the Isle of Ely, as it was presented to his Majestie. ay 
Sir Cornelius Vermuiden, Knight. Published by Authority. 
London. Printed by Thomas Pawcet, dweUing in Grub-street 
neere the lower Pumpe. 1642. Sm. 4**^. 

31 pp. Map. Ptgiaation irregular. 

Exceptions against Sir C. Vermuiden's "Discourse, &c.'' Ej 
Andrews Burrell. London: 1642. 4^. 

A Brief Relation discovering plainly the true Causes why 
the great Levell of the Fennes, &c., have been drowned. By 
Andrews Burrell. London: 1642. 4^. 

A Discovery of a desperate and dangerous ^esigne against 
all the Towns in and Countries round about the ^nns. 
London: 1642. 4^. 

[Anon.] The Drayner confirmed and the Obstinate Fen- 
Man confuted, in a Discourse concerning the Drayning of the 
Fennes. London: 1647. 4^. 

The State of the Case concerning the late Earl of Lindsey's 
Drayning the Fennes between Borne, Boston, and Lincolne; 
and the Case concerning the Earl of Lindsey, &c., more truly 
stated. n.d. 4^. 

Sir William Killegrew his Answer to the Fenne Men's 
Objections against the Earle of Lindsey his Drayning in 
Lincolnshire. London: 1649. 4^. 

The Pic](lock of the Old Fenne Project: or. Heads of 
Sir John Maynard his severall Speeches, Taken In Short-hand, 
at the Committee for Lincolnshire Fens, in the Exchequer 
Chamber. Consisting of Matter of Fad, Matter of Law, 
Precedents, Quaeries and Answers. London, Printed by J. B. 

9 leaves. 

The Case and Proceedings of at least sixty Gentlemen, 
Participants and Purchasers of Lands in the Levell of Hatfield 
Chase &c. London: 1656. Fol. 

28 Lincolnshire Topographical Books. 

The long and tedious decree in the Exchequer of the 
Participants within the level of Hatfield Chase, made in the 
1 2th year of the late King upon the award of Sir John 
Banks, Kt. then attorney general against some of the tenants 
of Epworth in the isle of Axholme, with the recitals therein 
contained, in Mr. Gibbon's fourteen skins of parchment, and 
the means used by Sir Cornelius Vermuiden, the Dutchman, 
with the help of Mr. Gibbon, then secretary to the Lord 
Treasurer Weston, to obtaine the same; and the proceedings 
thereunto truly and briefly stated, whereupon several quaeries 
are raised, and humbly submitted to the grave wisdom and 
judgment of the honourable Parliament, whether the Tjo 
persons therein named to have submitted, are, or ought by law 
or equity to be bound, and exempted from their antient right 
of Common in the 740O acres of ground now in question by 
that decree, and why it ought to be wholly reversed and of no 
force, having already little or no strength, as appears from the 
Parliament's own lost decree or decretal order of the loth Feb. 
1650. Published to inform the truth, and to prevent the 
misinformation of Mr. John Gibbon, and to redifie his 
breviate formerly given in to the hon. committee, tending to 
the subversion of truth. London: 1657. 4^. 

DuGDALE, Sir Wm. The History of Imbanking and 
Drayning of divers Fenns and Marshes both in foreign Parts, 
and in this Kingdom, and of Improvements thereby. £xtra£^ 
from Records, Manuscripts and other authentick Testimonies, 
London 1662. Fol. 

Title, to the Kings most excellent Majesty and To the Reader, 4 leaves 
— the History, pp. i to 424 — Index and Errata, 2 pp. — Maps : I, Rommcy 
Marsh, p. 16; 2, Sedgmoore, p. Ill; 3, Hadfeild Chase, p. 142; 
4, River Ankolme, p. 150; 5, Deeping Fenne, p. 194; 6, Soath 
Holland, p. 219; 7, Marshland, p. 244; 8, The Great Levell, p. 375; 
9, The great Levell drayned, p. 416; lo, Lindesey Levell, p. 419; 
II, The East and West Fenne, p. 423. A copy {ex dom jiiaJkais) in the 
College of Arms has five additional leaves, containing **A Note of the 
Contents of the 1 surrounding Grounds in every particular Lordship in the 
Levell of Ancolme," &c 

Second Edition. Revised and Correded by Charles Nelson 
Cole. London 1772. Fol. 

Pp^ zii., 469, and ii maps. 

The Property of all English^Men asserted in the History 
of Lindsey Levell, by William Killigrew. London: 1705. 

Lincolnshire Topographical Books. 29 

The present State of the Navigation of the Towns of Lyn, 
Wisbeech, Spalding, and Boston. Bury St. Edmunds: 
1 721. 4*°. 

znd Edition. London: 17 5 1. 8^. 

The Report of Messrs. John Grundy, Langley Edwards, 
and John Smeaton, Engineers, concerning The present ruinous 
State and Condition of the Riyer fFithaniy and the Navigation 
thereof, from the City of Lincohi, thro' Boston, to it's Outfall 
into the Sea; And of the Fen Lands on both Sides of the 
said River. Together with Proposals and Schemes for 
Restoring, Improving, and Preserving the said River and 
Navigation, And also for efFeding the Drainage of the said 
Fen Lands. To which is annexed A Plan and proper 
Estimates of the Expenses in performing the several Works 
recommended for those purposes. Lincoln: Printed by 
W.Wood. n.d. 4*». 

26 pp. Published in 176 1. The Plan wu not issued with the Report^ 
but appeared separately afterwards. 

A Letter on the Drainage of the East^ West^ and fVildmore 
Fensy &c., by Thomas Stone. London: 1800. 8vo. 

Report concerning the ^Drainage of Wildmore Fen^ and of the 
East and IVest Fens^ by John Rennie. London: iSoo. FoL 

A Remonstrance against the Postscript to the Report of 
Mr, John Rennie. London: 1800. Fol. 

Facts and Remarks relative to the fVitham^ and the fVellandy 
&c., by William Chapman. Boston: 1800. 8vo. 

An Address^ &c., on the Drainage of the East^ West^ and 
fflldmore FenSy by the Rev. Edward Walls, London: i8oo, 

A Second Address by the Rev. Edward WaUs. London: 
1 807. 8vo. 


e//n Act of Parliament Passed in the Reign of Kine Charles 
the Second, for restoring and improving The !}{^tgation of 
the Fosdil^e and Witham. To which is added a short Historical 
Sketch. Lincoln: Printed by J. W. Drury, Post Office, 
Cornhill. 1 826. 8vo. 


30 Lincolnshire Topographical Books, 

fpltham Drainage Reports (Printed by the direction of the 
General Commissioners for Drainage by the River Witham) 
5th May, 1877. Witham Office, Boston. London: Printed 
by G. Maclaran, 22, Chancery Lane. 8vo. 

136 pp. Folding Plan to £ice p. 132 — Folding Table to face page 1 36. 

Clarke, John A. Fen Sketches; being a description of the 
alluvial district known as the Great Level of the Fens. 
London. 1800. 4to. 

Wheeler, W. H. History of the Fens of South Lincolnshire^ 
being a description of the Rivers Witham and Welland and 
their Estuary \ and an account of the Reclamation and Drainage 
of the Fens adjacent thereto. By W. H. Wheeler, Civil 
Engineer. Boston: J. M. Newcomb. London: Simpkin, 
Marshall, and Co., 1 868. 8vo. 

Pp. vi.y 188. 3 plates and folding (Jan. 

Parker, Wm. A Letter addressed to the Proprietors of 
keeping Fen containing an area of Thirty Thousand Acres, 
showing the bearings of the respective interests, together with 
the liabilities of The Adventurers, or Owners of the one-third 
part thereof. The narrative embraces an epitome of six Acts 
of Parliament, and twelve reports \ also the opinions of eminent 
counsel, touching the various responsibilities and duties of the 
several trusts. Sy Wm. Parker, Esq., one of the Trustees of 
the general works of Drainage. Bourne: Printed by J. Morris 
Jones, Bookseller, Market rlace. [1853.] ^^^* 

66 pp., with folding plan. 

Parker, Wm. A Narrative of the Unhofy Alliance^ 
purporting to show the monstrous injustice of uniting the 
ff^tham drainage and the Black Sluice ^Drainage in one 
Common Trust, and on terms of equal Taxation. By William 
Parker, Esq.; originally published in letters in the Spalding 
Free Press, iSSo-iSSi. Spalding : Watkinson and Crust. 8^. 
60 pp. 

Miller, S. H. and S. B. J. Skertchley. The Fenland, Past 
and Present bv Samuel H. Miller, F.R.A.S., F.M.S., and 
Sydney B. J. Slcertchley, F.G.S., Illustrated with Engravings, 
Maps, and Diagrams. Wisbeach: Leach and Son. Lrondon: 
Longmans, Green, and Co. 1878. 8vo. 

Coloured Frontispiece — Title — Dedication — Prefiice — Correction* — 
Table of Contents — ^List of Illustrations — List of Subscribers, xxxii. pp.^ 
Text, Appendices, and Index, 649 pp. There are large paper copies. 

Lincolnshire Topographical Books. 31 

Miller, S. H. The Handbook to the Fenlandi being a 
brief account of all the Towns, Villages, and Parishes in the 
Fen District \ embracing portions of the Counties of Cambridge, 
Huntingdon, Northampton, and Western Norfolk, and Sufiolk. 
By Samuel H. Miller. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. 
Wisbeach : Leach & Son. 1 2~^. nj. [ 1 889.] 

175 pp. 


[Anon.] A description of the New Church of Su Hilary^ 
at Spridlington^ built in memory of the late Rev. Henry 
Frederick Hutton, M.A. \ for thirty-two years Rector of the 
Parish. Lincoln: James Williamson, Printer, High Street. 
1875. i2mo. 

15 pp- 


Foster, W. E. The Tarish Church of Saint Mary^ 
tVhaphde^ in the County of Lincoln. With an Appendix, 
containing Notes on Whaplode. By W. E. Foster, F.S.A., 
Lond., and Hon. Member of the Spalding Gentlemen's Society, 
&c. London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.C. 
1889. 8vo. 

Title — Dedication — List of Illuttntiont (8), viii. pp. — Text and Index 
1 20 pp. 



[Cox, Thos.] Magna Britannia et Hibernia^ Antiqua et 
Neva. [London.] 1720-31. 6 vols. 4to. 

Vol. II. Lincolnshire. 

Brayley, E. W. and J. Britton. The Beauties of 
Bngland and ff^ales; or, original delineations, topographical, 
historical, and descriptive of each County. By E. W. Brayley 
and J. Britton. London. 1807. 8vo. 

Vol. ix. LincolnaHire. 

32 Lincolnshire Topographical Books. 

Marrat, W. The History of Lincolnshire^ Topographical^ 
Historical, and Descriptive. By W. Marrat. Boston: Printed 
and sold by the Author. 1814. Foolscap 8vo. 4 vols. 


Vol. I. Title I p. — Contents I p. — Introduction, pp. I-380 — AdditiooB. 
and Corrections, 4 pp. 4 Plates : Interior of St. Botolph's Church, 
Boston, fiicing page 39 — ^View of Church and Bridge, Boston, facing 
page 67 — ^Kirton Old Church, £icing page 36— Algar's Tomb, £idng 
page 150 — ^Wykeham Chapel, &cing page 300. 

VoL II. Title, I p. — Contents, 2 pp. — ^Text, pp. I-405 — pp. 360, 
390-396 are wrongly paged — Additions and Corrections 7 pp. 6 Plates : 
View of Lutton, facing page 67 — Abbots Manor House, N.W. view, facing 
page 74 — ^Abbot's Manor House, S.E. view, facing page 75 — Gedney 
Church, facing p. jy — ^Vicar of Fleet, facing page 86 — ^Vicar of Moulton, 
£icing page lii. 

VoL III. (18 16). Title, I p. — Contents, 2 pp. — ^Tezt, pp. I-362 — 
pp. 25, 34, 63, 64, 140 wrongly numbered — Additions and Corrections^ 
38 pp. unnumbered. 

Vol. IV. No Title — pp. 1-84 — ^p. 50 wrongly numbered. 

VoL V. No Title — pp. I-I44. 2 Plates of CoaU of Arms (usually- 
very rudely coloured.) 

The above collation comprises all that was ever printed of Marrat'a 
work, which was published in numbers, and never completed. There are 
large paper copies. The incomplete portions of vols iv. and v. are usually 
found bound together. 

[Weir, Geo.] An Historical and Descriptiye t^ccount of 
Lincolnshire^ collected from the best authorities and illustrated 
by numerous Engravings. Vol I. containing the City of 
Lincoln and Division of Lindsey. London: Published for the 
proprietors by Sherwood, Gilbert, and Piper, Paternoster Row. 
1828. i2mo. 

View of Cathedral and Exchequer Gate, Lincoln (to face Title Page)— 
Advertisement, 2 pp. — General View of the County, pp. I to 27 — the City 
of Lincoln and its Liberty, pp. 29 to 93 — ^The Division of Lindsey, pp. 95, 
96— The Wapentake of Lawress, pp. 97 to ill — ^The Wapentake of Well, 
pp. 113 to 122 — ^The Wapentake of Aslacoe, pp. 123 to 133 — 
The Wapentake of Corringham, pp. 135 to 153 — ^The Wapentake of 
Manley, pp. 155 to 18 1 — The Wapentake of Yarborough, pp. 183 to 212 
*-The Borough of Great Grimsby and its Liberty, pp. 213 to 224 — ^The 
Wapentake of Bradley Haverstoe, pp. 225 to 237 — ^The Wapentake of 
Ludborough, pp. 239 to 241 — The Wapentake of Walshcroft, pp. 243 to 
255 f after p. 253 the two following pages are both 245)— The Hundred of 
Louth Eske, pp. 255 to 279 — ^The Wapentake of Wraggoe, pp. 281 to 296 — 
The Wapentake of Gartree, pp. 297 to 320— The Soke of Horncastle, pp. ytt 
to 338 — The Hundred of Hill, pp. 339 to 352 — ^The Wapentake of 
Calceworth, pp. 353 to 377 — The Wappentake of Candleshoe, pp. 379 t» 
391 — ^The Soke ofBolingbroke, pp. 393 to 415 — Index, pp. 417 to 425 — 
7 Steel Illustrations and 15 Woodcuts in the Letter-press. 

This work was issued in monthly parts and printed by Joseph Pannell^ 
Horncastle. VoL I. only was published. There are large paper copies. 


Notes and ^eries for Somerset and Dorset. 

Edited by HUGH NORRIS, South Petherton, Somcnet, Local Secretary for Somerset 
to the Society of Antiquaries of London, and CHARLES HERBERT MAYO, M.A.,. 
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The 6ast ^Anglian; 

Or, NoTxs and Queries on Subjedls conneded with the Counties of Svtpolk, 
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F.S.A., &c.. Vicar of Christ Church, Chesham, Hon. Member, late Hon. Sec of 
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Ipswich : pAwsEY & Hayes, Ancient House. London : George Redway. 

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The Western ^Antiquary ; 

Or, Note Book for Devon, Cornwall, and Somerset, being a medium of inter- 
communication for Antiquaries and others interested in the History, Literature, znd 
Legendary Lore of the Western Counties. Edited by W. H. K. WRIGHT, F.R. 
Hist. Soc, Borough Librarian, Plymouth. London: George Redway; Plymouth; 
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Edited by the Rev. B. H. BLACKER, M.A., and published quarterly. 

Price If., or bv post it. iJ, Annual Subscription (including the April double 
number), 5^., or by post 5^. $d. Subscribers' names and payments received by thk 
Editor, 26, Meridian Place, Clifton, Bristol. The publication supplied dire^ 
by him ; or through any Bookseller, by 

Kent tc Co., 23, Paternoster Row, London, W.C. 

■ — ^ 

S^rthamptonshire 3^tes and ^eries. 

An Illustrated Quarterly Journal, devoted to the Antiquities, Family History, County- 
Records, Folk Lore, Quaint Customs, kc^ of Northamptonshire. 

Demy 8vo., printed in antique style, in the best manner, on toned paper. 

Price If. 6d. Subscription 5;. per annum (prepaid), postage 4^. 

Northampton : Taylor Sc Son, The Dryden Press. London : Elliot Stock. 

NOTES AND QUERIES reUting to the past history of Wales and the Border 
Counties, reprinted half-yearly, with Additions and Corrections, from the Cardiff 
fFukly Mall, Subscription 51. per annum, post free. Edited by Geo. H. Brierlsy.. 

Subscribers' names received by the Editor **Cymru Fu," H^etkfy Mail^ Cardiff. 


Fenland Notes and Queries. 

Edited by W. H. BERNARD SAUNDERS, F.R.Hut.S. 

A (2^'^ci'ly Journal, devoted to the Antiquities, Geology, Natural Features, 
Parochial Records, Family History, Legends and Traditions, Folk-Lore, Curious 
Customs, etc., of the Fenland, in the Counties of Huntingdon, Cambridge, Lincoln, 
Northampton, and Norfolk. Price Is. 6d. per Quarter, by Post is. 8d. 

Peterborough : Geo. C. Castor, Market Place. 

London : Simpkin, Marshall, & Co., Stationers* Hall Court ; Elliot Stock, 62, 
Paternoster Row ; and may be ordered through any Bookseller. 

Bedfordshire Notes and ^eries. 

Reprinted, with additions and corrections, from the SeJ/erJsAire Imes and 
Jndifauient^ and edited by F. A. BLAYDES. Published quarterly. Price to 
Subscribers, 4a. 4d. per annum, post free. 

The parts published contain Extrads from Public Records and Parish Registers, 
Heraldic Notes, Genealogical Notices of County Families, Monumental Inscriptions, 
Abstradb of Wills, original Articles, etc. Subscribers' Names received by the 
Editor, Shenstone Lodge, Bedford. 

Carmarthenshire Notes. 


Edited by ARTHUR MEE, F.R.A.S. 

intended for the reception of contributions, original or select, relating to Carmar- 
thenshire, its Topography, History, Literature, Bibliography, Celebrities, Genealogies, 
Manners, Customs, Folk-Lore, Superstitions, anything and everything that falls 
4inder these or similar departments. Quarterly Parts, 6d. ; Annual Subscription, is. 

Address : — Editoil, CAaMARTHCNSHiac Noti^s, South fyaUt Preu, Llanelly. 

Now ready. One Hundred and Twenty Pages. Demy Svo., elegantly printed on 

toned paper. Part I. of 

The I^ntish Note SooX. 

A Magazine of Notes, Queries, and Replies relating to the Antiquities, Remarkable 
Events, Local History, Family Records, Nomenclature, Quaint Customs, Folk-Lore, 
Poetry, Song, and other Subjects connected with the County of Kent. Edited by 
G. O. HowzLL. Reprinted with additions and corrections from The Grof/amd and 
Dartford Reporter ^ and published half-yearly, in January and July. Four parts (with 
exhaustive Index) will complete a volume. 

The edition is strictly limited to two hundred copies, intending Subscribers, 
therefore, should send in their names at once to G. O. Howell, 3, Ripon Villas, 
Ripon Road, Plumstead, Kent. 

Increased to 48 Pages, with Illustrations. Price is. 

^he Scottish Antiquary j or Northern Notes & ^eries 

A Magaxme of Archaeology, Etymology, Folk-Lore, Genealogy, Heraldry, &c. 
Edited by the Rev. A. W. Cornxlius Hallxn, M.A., F.S.A. Scot., Mem. Coun. 
Hist. Soc. Issued Quarterly. Annual Subscription (payable in advance) 41. 

Sold by the following Booksellers : Edinburgh, G. P. Johnston, George Street ; 
R. Camzron, St. David Street London, Elliot Stock, Paternoster Row, E.C. 
Aberdeen, J. Rax Smith, Union Street. Dundee, G. Pxtrie, Nethergate. 
Olasgow, Hugh Hopkins, Renfield Street 

All letters and Subscribers' names to be sent to the Editor, the Rev. A. W. 
Cornxlius Hallxn, Parsonage, Alloa. 


Maine Historical and (genealogical ^B^corder. 

A Quarterly Magazine, the prime obje^ of which it the publication of whatever 
may be secured of historical interest pertaining to our own State, and whatever of 
&mily history may be gathered from different sources, that interest the sons and 
daughters of Maine, wherever located. Original Records, Documents, or other 
papers suitable for a publication of this kind, solicited. Published in Portland, 
Maine, at Three Dollars per annum, in advance. 

S. Watson, Editor and Publisher. 

Yorkshire 3^tes and Queries. 

Illustrated Quarterly, 54. perann. in advance. 

Edited by J. Horsfall Turner, Idel., Bradford. 

Comprising Four Yorkshire Magazines in one, viz.: — YorksMrt I^ota and ^lurm 
Yorktkire Folk-La^ Journal^ TorksMire Blbliographery and Yorhhire GenuUopst, with 
distindl pagination. 320 pages, with 50 illustrations. 

Quarterly. Five Shillings per annum. 

The Diary and Letters of 


Late 6overnor-in-Chief of the Province of Massachusets Bay (descended from 
William and Anne Hutchinson, of Alford, co. Line, who removed to America in 
1634). Edited by PxTza Oblando Hutchxkson, one of his great-grandsons. 
Two Vols. 8vo. Portraits. Vol. I., 1883, nearly all sold ; Vol. II., 1886. 

Sampson Low, Marston, Sc Co., Loudon. 


Gainsborough Parish Registers, 

The Rev. J. GuaNHiLL, B.A., Vicar of East Stockwith, Gainsborough, is 
prepared to print, in book form, an amount of material of a considerable historic and 
antiquarian interest conneded with the Gainsborough parish registers, together with 
a corrected list of the Vicars of Gainsborough, and brief notices of the trades, 
names, and places mentioned therein. This monograph will be based on a report 
drawn up by him at the request of Canon Williams, late Vicar of Gainsborough. 
He seeks to obtain a hundred subscribers at half>a-crown each. 

Lincoln Record Series. 

I.— -Eiar/y Lanadn fTtlls: An Abstra^ of all the Wills and Administrationa 

recorded in the Episcopal Registers at Lincoln, 1 280-1 547. 8vo., 15s. 
II. — U^ Aitimau de Ordinationibus Vicarianim temp. Hugonis Wells, Line. 
Episcopi, 1209-123 5, with a Historical Introdudion by Canon Perry. 
8vo., I Of. td. 
III. — Lincoln Marriage Ueaica: An Abstradl of the Allegation Books between 1598 

and 1628. 8vo., 158. 
IV. — Epiuopal Fisitatiens of the Monasteries in the Diocese of Lincoln in the 15th 
and 1 6th centuries. 8vo., lit. 

Each 'volume is complete in itself ^ and may he sahscrihedfor separately. Vols, Z, //. 
and III, are already issued, Suhtcrwers* names to be sent to Mr, Gtbhons, 4, ACnster Tard, 


Day 4/0. Tomd paper, Abmtt 500 /^. 

^n Inventory of the Qhurch TPlate 



By the Rev. Andrew Trollope, B.A., 

Redor of Edith Wetton. 

Published by Mestrt. Clarkx & Hodgson, 5, Gallowtree Gate, Leicester. 

Frkt to Suhserihers, £t los, oJ, 

This work will be Illustrated profusely by means of Woodcuts and Typographs. 
Of the more interesting vessels, a certain number of larger sised Illustrations will be 
given $ in all more than 200 pieces of plate, drawn accurately to scale, will be 
portrayed by either one process or the other. 

The Communion Plate belonging to each Church in Leicestershire will be 
accurately described, the measurements, weight, and hall marks of each piece will be 
given, and every coat of arms and inscription corredly recorded. In order to ensure 

r;rfe^ accuracy, the Author has himself examined every service of Communion 

The owners of the Private Chapels in the County have kindly allowed the 
Communion Plate in use in their Chapels to be included in this description. 

The origin of every piece of Plate will be traced if possible. 

It is proposed to give an account of each donor, which will include as far as 
possible his parentage, date of his birth, marriage, and death, his connexion with the 
Church to which the gift was made, all offices held by him, his coat of arms, bis 
present representative, tec, 

A short introduction will precede the inventory. 

Classified tables of hall marks and copious indexes will be added. 

English DialeEi Society. 

A Glossary of Words used in the Wapentakes of Manley and Corringham, 
Lincolnshire. Second edition. Revised and considerably enlarged. By Eowakd 
PxACocK, F.S.A. Two vols., with sketch map, paper covers. Pp. xvi. and 656. 
Demy 8vo. Price, 251. 1889. 

A Glossary of Words used in South-west Lincolnshire (Wapenuke of Graffbe). 
By the Rev. R. £. G. Colx, M.A., rector of Doddington, Lincolnshire. Pp. 1 74. 
With sketch map, paper covers. Price, "ji, 61/. 1886. 

London : Published for the English Dialect Society by Trubner & Co., Ludgate Kill. 

1889. 121. 6df. each vol. 

Ninth List of Subscribers, 

The Spalding Gentlemen's Society, Spalding. 


Notes and ^eries for Somerset and Dorset. 

Edited by HUGH NORRIS, South Petherton, Somenet, Local Secretary for Somerset 
to the Society of Antiquaries of London, and CHARLES HERBERT MAYO, M.A.> 
Vicar of Long Burton, near Sherborne, Rural Dean, author of B'tb&otkeca Dorutienth, 
The first number of this Quarterly Magasine was issued in March, 1 888. 
Subscription 5^. per annum, payable in advance. Apply to either of the Editors, to 
whom all literary and business communications should be addressed. 

The Bast ^Anglian; 

Or, >roTxs and Quxaiss on Subjects connected with the Counties of Sutpolk, 
Cambridgk, Essex, and Norfolk. Edited by the Rev. C. H. Evelyn Whits, 
F.S.A., &c.. Vicar of Christ Church, Chesham, Hon. Member, late Hon. Sec. of 
the SuflTolk Institute of Archsrology and Natural History. 

Part I., commencing an entirely New Series of this well-known Serial was 
issued January ist, 1 88 5, and is published Monthly. Vol. 11. commenced 
January, 1 887. Annual Subscription, 5 j., post free. 

Ipswich: Pawsey 8c Hayes, Ancient House. London: George Rzdway. 

The Western ^Antiquary ; 

Or, Note Book for Devon, Cornwall, and Somerset, being a medium of inter- 
communication for Antiquaries and others interested in the History, Literature, and 
Legendary Lore of the Western Counties. Edited by W. H. K. WRIGHT, F.R. 
Hist. Soc., Borough Librarian, Plymouth. London: George Redwayj Plymouth: 
W. H LuKEj Exeter: J. G. Commin. Published Monthly. Illustrated. Annual 
Subscription, post free, i8x. A superior edition, lis. Eighth Series commenced July, 
x888. Some back Volumes still to be had. SPECIAL ARMADA NUMBER, 
price IS. 

Qloucestershire i^(otes and S^ueries. 

Edited by the Rev. B. H. BLACKER, M.A., and published quarterly. 

Price If., or by post it. id. Annual Subscription (including the April double 
number), 51., or by post $s. $d. Subscribers' names and payments received by thk 
Editor, 26, Meridian Place, Clifton, Bristol. The pubhcation is supplied dire^ 
by him ; or through any Bookseller, by 

Kent Sc Co., 23, Paternoster Row, London, W.C. 

3^rthamptonshire S^tes and S^ueries. 

An Illustrated Quarterly Journal, devoted to the Antiquities, Family History, County 
Records, Folk Lore, Quaint Customs, &c., of Northamptonshire. 

Demy 8vo., printed in antique style, in the best manner, on toned paper. 

Price II. 6^. Subscription 5;. per annum (prepaid), postage 4^. 

Northampton : Taylor & Son, The Dryden Press. London : Elliot Stock. 

^* Cymru Fur 

NOTES AND QUERIES relating to the pist history of Wales tnd the Border 
Counties, reprinted half-yearly, with Additions and Corrections, frjm the Cardiff 
fVukly Mail. Subscription 5*. per annum, post free. Edited by Gio. H. Brierley. 

Subscribers' names received by the Editor "Cymru Fu," IVttkly MaU^ Cardiff. 


Fenland Notes and Qjieries. 


A (2^i^''^y Journal, devoted to the Antiquities, Geology, Natural Feature 
Parochial Records, Family History, Legends and Traditions, Folk-Lore, Curious 
Customs, etc., of the Fenland, in the Counties of Huntingdon, Cambridge, Lincoln, 
Northampton, Norfolk and Suffolk. Price Is. 6d. per Quarter, by Post is. 8d. A 
year's Subscription if paid in advance, 6i., post free. 

Peterborough : Geo. C. Castor, Market Place. 

London : Simpkin, Marshall, Sc Co., Ld., Stationers* Hall Court ; Elliot Stock, 
6z, Paternoster Row ; and inay be had of any Bookseller. 

Bedfordshire Notes and ^eries. 

Reprinted, with additions aud corrections, from the BedfirdsMre Times and 
LukpetuUnt^ and edited by F. A. BLAYDES. Published quarterly. Price to 
Subscribers, 4a. 4d. per annum, post free. 

The parts published contain Extrads from Public Records and Parish Registers, 
Heraldic Notes, Genealogical Notices of County Families, Monumental Inscriptions, 
Abstradls of Wills, original Articles, etc. Subscribers* Names received by the 
Editor, Shenstone Lodge, Bedford. 

Carmarthenshire Notes. 


Edited by ARTHUR MEE, F.R.A.S. 

Intended for the reception of contributions, original or select, relating to Carmar- 
thenshire, ita Topography, History, Literature, Bibliography, Celebrities, Genealogies, 
Manners, Customs, Folk-Lore, Superstitions, anything and everything that falls 
under these or similar departmenU. Quarterly Parts, 6d. ; Annual Subscription, zs. 

Address : — Editor, Carmakthinshike Notes, South H^ala Prest, LlancUy. 

Now ready. One Hundred and Twenty Pages. Demy 8vo., elegantly printed on 

toned paper. Part I. of 

The J^ntish Note SooX, 

A Magazine of Notes, Queries, and Replies relating to the Antiquities, Remarkable 
Events, Local History, Family Records, Nomenclature, Quaint Customs, Folk-Lore, 
Poetry, Song, and other Subjects connected with the County of Kent. Edited by 
G. O. HowiLL. Reprinted with additions and corrections from Tke Graveumd aiU 
Dartford Reporter^ and published half-yearly, in January and July. Four parta (with 
exhaustive index) will complete a volume. 

The edition is strictly limited to two hundred copies, intending Subscribers, 
therefore, should send in their names at once to G. O. Howell, 3, Ripon Villas, 
Ripon Road, Plumstead, Kent.. 

r — 

Increased to 48 Pages, with Illustrations. Price is. 

The Scottish Antiquary y or Northern Notes & ^eries 

A Magazine of Archaeology, Etymology, Folk-Lore, Genealogy, Heraldry, Sec 
Edited by the Rev. A. W. Cornclius Hallen, M.A., F.S.A. Scot., Mem. Coun. 
Hist. Soc. Issued Quarterly. Aimual Subscription (payable in advance) 41. 

Sold by the following Booksellers: Edinburgh, G. P. Johnston, George Street; 
R. Cameron, St. David Street. London, Elliot Stock, Paternoster Row, B.C. 
Aberdeen, J. Rae Smith, Union Street. Dundee, G. Pxtrie, Nethergate. 
Glasgow, Hugh Hopkins, Renfield Street. 

All letters and Subscribers' names to be sent to the Editor, the Rev. A. W. 
Cornelius Hallen, Parsonage, Alloa. 


Maine Historical and (genealogical Reorder. 

A Quarterly Magazine, the prime objed of which it the publication of whatever 
may be secured of historical interest pertaining to our own State, and whatever of 
family history may be gathered from different sources, that interest the sons and 
daughters of Maine, wherever located. Original Records, Documents, or other 
papers suitable for a publication of this kind, solicited. Published in Portland, 
Maine, at Three Dollars per annum, in advance. 

S. Watson, Editor and Publisher. 

Torkshire 3^tes and ^ueri^s. 

Illustrated Quarterly, 5«. per ann. in advance. 

Edited by J. Horsfall Turner, Idel., Bradford. 

Comprising Four Yorkshire Magazines in one, viz.: — Torhl^rt ^aus and ^utria^ 
TorkMre FoUt-Lart Joiayuily TorisMre BihRographery and Yorkshire Getuak^a, with 
distin^i pagination. 320 pages, with 50 illustrations. 

Quarterly. Five Shillings per annum. 

Leicestershire and Rutland Notes and ^eries. 

And ANTIQUARIAN GLEANER, an Illustrated Quarterly Journal, devoted to 
the Antiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial Records, Dialects, Folk-lore, 
Genealogies, Guaint Customs, icc^ of these Counties. Edited by John and Thomas 
Sfxncir. Published Quarterly. Parts I. to IV., being the parts for 1889, now 
ready 5 Part V. in April, 1890. 

A Tea/t Subscription 4i. 6d, prepaid. S^uarterly parU if. 61/. 
Leicester : J. & T. Spknckr, Market Place. London : Elliot Stock. 

The Diary and Letters of 


Late Govemor-in-Chief of the Province of Massachusets Bay (descended Irom 
William and Anne Hutchinson, of Alford, co. Line, who removed to America in 
1634). Edited by Piter Orlando Hutchinson, one of his great-grandsons. 
Two Vols. 8vo. PortraiU. Vol. I., 1883, nearly all sold 5 Vol. II., 1886. 

Sampson Low, Marston, & Co., London. 


Gainsborough T^arish Registers, 

By the Rev. J. Gurnhill, B.A., Vicar of East Stockwith, Gainsborough. 

As the cost of this proposed Monograph will exceed the amount advertised in the 
last number of lines, N,&Sl^ihc Rev. J. Gurnhill is compelled to raise the price 
of subscription from 2/6 to 5/-. The list of one Hundred subscribers is now nearly 
filled up. 


The 'British *^cord Society, 

Tux Council (pr9 temj 

C. I. ELTON, £t^^ Q.Cn M.P^ F.S.A^ Cluinnan. 

C. H. ATHILL, £i^., Richmond Herald^ Hon. Treasurer. 

G. £. COKAYNE, Es^., M. A., F.S JV., Norray Khv of jtmu. 





C. T. MARTIN, Esq.., B.A., F.S.A. 

W. P. W. PHILLIMORE, Esq.., M.A., B.C.Ln Hon. Secretary. 


H. F. WATERS, Esq.., UJl. 

This Societv has been founded for the purpose of printing Indexes and Calendars 
to such Britisn Records as are of most value and utility to the historian, the 
genealogist, and the topographer. It has similar aims to the Indsx LisaAtr, 
which was established two years ago, but now merged in the new Society. 

Sntnmee Fit, Half-a-Gtimea ; Amuai Suhtcnftion, Oiu Gmma, 

N.B. — The Entrance Fee will not be required from the first «5o members. 

Applications for membership should be addressed to the Hon. Secretary, 
W. P. W. Phillimoex, Esq., 124, Chancery Lane, W.C. 

English DialeSf Society, 

A Glossary of Words used in the Wapentakes of Manky and Corringfaam, 
Lincolnshire. Second edition. Revised and considerably enlarged. By £dwa«d 
Peacock, F.S.A. Two vols., with sketch map, paper covers. Pp. xvi. and 636. 
Demy 8vo. Price, 251. 1 8 89. 

A Glossary of Words used in South-west Lincolnshire (Wapentake of Grafibe). 
By the Rev. R. E. G. Cole, M.A., rector of Doddington, Lincolnshire. Pp. 174. 
With sketch map, paper covers. Price, 71. 6^. 1886. 

London : Published for the English Dialect Society by Triibner it Co., Ludgate HiU. 

1889. ia«. 6^. each vol. 

j^^ ^^^ ^v^ ^v^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^v^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^A& ^A& ^1^ ^A& ^A& ^A& ^A& ^A& ^A& ^1^ ^A& ^^^ ^^^ ^A& ^^^ ^ft^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^1^ ^^^ ^^^ 1^^ 

Tenth List of Subscribers, 

Cooke, P. B. Davies-, Esq., Eagle's Nest, Bournemouth. 
Lewis, Rev. L. Elwryn-, Hemswell Vicarage, Kirton-in-Lindsey. 
Upton, Wm. H., Esq., Walla Walla, Washington, U.SJI. 


Notes and ^eries for Somerset and T)orset. 

Edited by HUGH NORRIS, South Pctherton, Somerset, Local Secretary for Someraet 
to the Society of Antiquaries of London, and CHARLES HERBERT MAYO, M.A., 
Vicar of Long Burton, near Sherborne, Rural Dean, author of Bibtiotheca Dorsetienus, 
The first number of this Quarterly Magazine was issued in March, 1888. 
Subscription 5^. per annum, payable in advance. Apply to either of the Editors, to 
whom all literary and business communications should be addressed. 

The Sast Anglian; 

Or, NoTKS and Queries on Subjeds connected with the Counties of Supfole, 
Cambridge, Essex, and Norfolk. Edited by the Rev. C. H. Evelyn Whits, 
F.S.A., tec^ Vicar of Christ Church, Chesham, Hon. Member, late Hon. Sec. of 
the Suffolk Institute of Archeology and Natural History. 

Part I., commencing an entirely New Series of this well-known Serial vrat 
issued January 1st, 1885, and is published Monthly. Vol. II. commenced 
January, 1887. Annual Subscription, 51., post free. 

Ipswich : Pawsey tc Hayes, Ancient House. London : George Rsdway. 


The Western Antiquary ; 

Or, Note Book for Devon, Cornwall, and Somerset, being a medium of inter- 
communication for Antiquaries and others interested in the History, Literature, and 
Legendary Lore of the Western Counties. Edited by W, H. K. WRIGHT, F.R. 
Hist. Soc, Borough Librarian, Plymouth. London: George Rsdway; Plymouth: 
W. H Luke; Exeter: J. G. Commin. Published Monthly. Illustrated. Annual 
Subscription, post free, l8i. A superior edition, ili. Eighth Series commenced July, 
1888. Some back Volumes still to be had. SPECIAL ARMADA NUMBER, 
price IS. 

Gloucestershire SN^tes and ^eries. 

Edited by the Rev. B. H. BLACKER, M.A., and published quarterly. 

Price ij., or by post 11. \d. Annual Subscription (including the April double 
number), 51., or by post 5s. 5//. Subscribers' names and payments received by the 
Editor, 26, Meridian Place, Clifton, Bristol. The publication is supplied direct 
by him \ or through any Bookseller, by 

Kent & Co., 23, Paternoster Row, London, W.C. 

Now ready. One Hundred and Twenty Pages. Demy 8vo., elegantly printed on 

toned paper. Part I. of 

T^he ^ntish Note "Book. 

A Magazine of Notes, Queries, and Replies relating to the Antiquities, Remarkable 
Events, Local History, Family Records, Nomenclature, Quaint Customs, Folk-Lore, 
Poetry, Song, and other Subjects connected with the County of Kent. Edited by 
G. O. Howell. Reprinted with additions and corrections from TA« Gravesend and 
Dartford Reporter^ and published half-yearly, in January and July. Four parts (with 
exhaustive Index) will complete a volume. 

The edition is strictly limited to two hundred copies, intending Subscribers, 
therefore, should send in their names at once to G. O. Howell, 3, Ripon Villas, 
Ripon Road, Plumstead, Kent. 


Fenland Notes and Queries. 

Edited by W. H. BERNARD SAUNDERS, F.R.Hi8t.S. 

A Quarterly Journal, devoted to the Antiquities, Geology, Natural Features, 
Parochial Records, Family History, Legends and Traditions, Folk-Lore, Curious 
Customs, etc., of the Fenland, in the Counties of Huntingdon, Cambridge, Lincoln, 
Northampton, Norfolk and Suffolk. Price is. 6d. per Quarter, by Post is. 8d. A 
year's Subscription if paid in advance, 6j., post free. 

Peterborough : Geo. C. Castor, Market Place. 

London : Simpkin, Marshall, Sc Co., Ld., Stationers' Hall Court ; Elliot Stock, 
62, Paternoster Row ; and may be had of any Bookseller. 

Carmarthenshire Notes. 


Edited by ARTHUR MEE, F.R.A.S. 

Intended for the reception of contributions, original or select, relating to Carmar- 
thenshire, its Topography, History, Literature, Bibliography, Celebrities, Genealogies, 
Manners, Customs, Folk-Lore, Superstitions, anything and everything that falls 
under these or similar departments. Quarterly Parts, 6d. ; Annual Subscription, 2s. 

Address : — Editor, Caemarthenshies Notes, South fVala Pros, Llanelly. 

Commencement or a New Volume. 

^^^thamptonshire 3^tes and Queries. 

An Illustrated Quarterly Journal, devoted to the Antiquities, Family History, 
Traditions, Parochial Records, Folk Lore, Quaint Customs, &c., of the County. 

Edited by Christopher A. Markham, F.S.A., Hon. Sec. of the Architedural Society 
of the Archdeaconries of Northampton and Oakham. 

Demy 8vo., printed in antique style, in the best manner, on toned paper. 

Price Is, bd. Subscription 51. per annum (prepaid), postage 6d, 

Northampton i Taylor & Son, The Dryden Press, 9, College Street. 
London : Elliot Stock, Paternoster Row. 

Bedfordshire Notes and ^eries. 

Commencement of a New Series, Part I. now ready. A Quarterly Journal devoted 
to the Antiquities, Parochial Records, Family History, Folk-Lore, Ct^aint Customs, 
etc., of the County. 

Edited by Frederick A. Blaydes, Shenstone Lodge, Bedford. 

The Editor having made fresh arrangements for Printing and Publishing, can now 
ensure punctual delivery of the parts. Annual Subscription, 6x. 6//. 

Bedford : F. Hocklifi«, 88, High Street. 

Yorkshire 3^tes and Queries. 

Illustrated Quarterly, 51. perann. in advance. 

Edited by J. Horsfall Turner, Idel, Bradford. 

Comprising Four Yorkshire Magazines in one, viz.: — Yorkshire Uotts and SfuerUs^ 
Yorkshire Folk-Lore Journal^ Torhshire Bibliographer^ and Torkshire Genealogist^ with 
distind pagination. 320 pages, with 50 illustrations. 

Quarterly. Five Shillings per annum. 


Leicestershire and Rutland Notes and ^eries^ 

And ANTIQUARIAN GLEANER, an Illustrated Quarterly Journal, devoted to 
the Antiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial Records, Dialects, Folk-lore, 
Genealogies, Quaint Customs, &c., of these Counties. Edited by John and Thomas 
Spenckr. Published Quarterly. Parts I. to IV., being the parts for 1889, now 
ready ; Part V. in April, 1890. 

A Year*t Subscription 41. dd. prepaid, Sluarterly parts is, 6d. 
Leicester : J. & T. Spsnckr, Market Place. London : Elliot Stock. 

" Cymru Fur 

NOTES AND QUERIES relating to the past history of Wales and the Border 
Counties, reprinted half-yearly, with Additions and Corrections, from the Cardiff 
Wukly Mail. Subscription 5^ per annum, post free. Edited by Gko. H. Briseley. 

Subscribers' names received by the Editor "Cymru Fu," tVakly MaU^ Cardiff. 

^er\shire Notes and Queries. 

A Quarterly Journal devoted to the Family History, Antiquities, and Topography of 

the Royal County. 

Part I., VoL I., published June, 1890. Subscription, $t, per annum, post free, 

payable in advance. 

Contributions and Subscribers' Names received by the Editor, 
Gso. F. TvDOR Sherwood, 6, Fulham Park Road, London, S.W. 

Increased to 48 Pages, with Illustrations. Price is. 

I'he Scottish Antiquary y or Northern Notes & ^eries. 

A Magazine of Archaeology, Etymology, Folk-Lore, Genealogy, Heraldry, Sec. 
Edited by the Rev. A. W. Cornslius Hallkn, M.A., F.S.A. Scot., Mem. Coun. 
Hist. Soc. Issued Quarterly. Aimual Subscription (payable in advance) 4^. 

Sold by the following Booksellers : Edinburgh, G. P. Johnston, George Street ; 
R. Cameron, St. David Street. London, Elliot Stock, Paternoster Row, E.C. 
Aberdeen, J. Rae Smith, Union Street. Dundee, G. Petrie, Nethergate. 
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The Diary and Letters of 


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Instituted for printing Indexes and Calendars to British Records. 

• Already completed or in progress : Northampton and Rutland Wills, 1508-1651 
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Canon of Lincoln and Re^or of Epworth ; and 


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Liter a Laureate ; 

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HoaNCASTLx t W. K. Morton. 


The Diary and Letters of 


Late^ Oovemor-in-Chief of the Province of Massachusets Bay (descended from 
William and Anne Hutchinson, of Alford, co. Line, who removed to America b 
1634]. Edited by Pxtxr Orlando Hutchinson, one of his great-grandsons. 
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Notes and §iueries for Somerset and Dorset. 

Edited by Frederic William Weaver, M.A., Milton Clevedon, Evercreech^ 
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Vol. II. commenced March, 1890. Parts issued Quarterly. Subscriptions, 51. 
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Part I., commencing an entirely New Series of this well-known Serial wa* 
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Kent & Co., 23, Paternoster Row, London, W.C. 

Now ready. One Hundred and Twenty Pages. Demy 8vo., elegantly printed on 

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The F^ntish Note "Booi. 

A Magazine of Notes, Queries, and Replies relating to the Antiquities, Remarkable 
Events, Local History, Family Records, Nomenclature, Quaint Customs, Folk-Lore, 
Poetry, Song, and other Subjects connected with the County of Kent. Edited by 
G. 0. Howell. Reprinted with additions and corrections from TJie Gravestnd and 
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Fenland Notes and Queries. 

Edited by W. H. BERNARD SAUNDERS, F.R.Hi8tS. 

A Ouarterly founul, devoted to the Antiquities Oeology, Natural Features, 
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Edited by ARTHUR MEE, F.R.A.S. 
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NOTES AND QUERIES relating to the past history of Wales and the Border 
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All letters and Subscribers' names to be sent to the Editor, the Rev. A. W. 
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. ^.— — < 

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The ^erJ^s Archaological and Architectural Society. 

Edited by the Rev. P. H. DITCHFIELD, MA., Redor of Barkham. 

Subacr'tption^ 2i. dd, per amrnm, 
Reading : Rivers & Slaughtee. London : Elliot Stock. 

Maine Historical and genealogical Reorder. 

A Quarterly Magazine, the prime objed of which is the publication of whatever 
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family history may be gathered from different sources, that interest the sons and 
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Maine, at Three Dollars per annum, in advance. 

S. Watson, Editor and Publisher. 


The 'British 'Record Society^ 

InBtituted for printing Indexes and Calendars to British Records. 

Already completed or in progress : Northampton and Rutland Wills, 1 508-1652 
^-Chancery proceedings tem^ Charles I. — Royalist Composition papers — Signet Bills, 
1 584-1 624— Berkshire Wills, 1 508-1 652— Lichfield Wills, 1 5 10-16 5 2— Sussex 
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n 1 - - - - I - 11 - • ■ — —^-^ 


Liters L,aureata ; 

Or, a Selection from the Poetical Writings of John Brown, commonly styled the 
^ Horncastle Laureate/' with Pre^ce, Life, and Explanatory Notes, 

By J. CONWAY WALTER, Re^or of Langton, by Horncastle. 

To be published by subscription, 200 copies, demy 8vo., half mor., gilt top, los. 6d. 
Application should be made to the Publisher, or Rev. J. Conway Walter, Langtoa 
Rectory, Horncastle. 

HoaNCASTLx : W. K. Morton. 

The Diary and Letters of 


Late Govcmor-in-Chief of the Province of Massachusets Bay (descended from 
William and Anne Hutchinson, of Alford, co. Line, who removed to America in 
1634). Edited by Petxr Orlando Hutchinson, one of his great-grandsons. 
Two Vols. 8vo. Portraits. Vol. I., 1883, nearly all sold j Vol. II., 1886. 

Sampson Low, Marston, U Co., London. 

Pamphlets, Engravings, Manuscripts, Inclosure and 
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"Thirteenth List of Subscribers. 

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Notes and ^eries for Somerset and Dorset. 

Edited by Fkibckic William Weavxr, M.A., Milton Clevedon, Evercreech, 
Somerset, editor of Vtutattom of the Count'ut of Somerut md Hereford, and Somerset 
Imcumhentii and Charlss Hxrbbrt Mayo, M.A., Vicar of Long Barton, near 
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Vol. II. commenced March, 1890. Parts issued Quarterly. Subscriptions, 51. 
per annum, payable in advance to either of the Editors, to whom all literary anci 
business communications should be addressed. 

The Sast ^Anglian; 

Or, NoTss and Qusrixs on Subjeds connected with the Counties of Suffolk^ 
Cambridge, Essex, and Norfolk. Edited by the Rev. C. H. Evelyn White,. 
F.S.A., &c.. Vicar of Christ Church, Chesham, Hon. Member, late Hon. Sec. of 
the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and Natural History. 

Part I., commencing an entirely New Series of this well-known Serial wa» 
issued January 1st, 1 88 5, and is published Monthly. Vol. 11. commenceti 
January, 1 887. Annual Subscription, 51., post free. 

Ipswich : Pawsxy & Hayes, Ancient House. London : George Rxowat. 

The Western ^Antiquary ; 

Or, Devon and Cornwall Note Book being a medium of intercommunication 
for Antiquaries and others interested in the History, Literature, and Legendary Lore 
of the Western Counties, with which is incorporated " The Book Plate Colledor's 
Miscellany." Edited by W. H. K. WRIGHT, F.R. Hist. Soc. London: Elliot 
Stock ; Plymouth : W. H. Luke. Published Monthly. Illustrated. Annual 
Subscription, post free, 8i. A superior edition, iii. Tenth Scries commenced July 
1890. Some back Volumes still to be had. 

Address : 8, Bedford Street, Plymouth. 

Gloucestershire ST^tes and ^eries. 

Founded by the late Rev. Beaver H. Blacker, M.A., in 1878. 

Edited by W. P. W. PHILLIMORE, M.A., B.C.L. 

New Series, Illustrated, commenced with the number for January, 1 891. Publishei) 
Quarterly, price each part, is. 6d. To annual prepaid subscribers, 5s. 6d., post free. 
Subscribers' names and payments received by the Editor, 124, Chancery Lane^ 
London. The work supplied dire^ by him, or through any Bookseller, by 

SiMPKiN Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., Ltd., 23, Paternoster Row, E.C. 

Now ready. One Hundred and Twenty Pages. Demy 8vo., elegantly printed on 

toned paper. Part I. of 

The ^ntish Note 'Book, 

A Magazine of Notes, Queries, and Replies relating to the Antiquities, Remarkable 
Events, Local History, Family Records, Nomenclature, Quaint Customs, Folk-Lore, 
Poetry, Song, and other Subjects connected with the County of Kent. Edited by 
G. O. Howell. Reprinted with additions and corrections from The Gravciend and 
Dartford Reporter, and published half-yearly, in January and July. Four parts (with 
exhaustive Index) will complete a volume. 

The edition is strictly limited to two hundred co|Mes, intending Subscribers, 
therefore, should send in their names at once to G. O. Howell, 3, Ripon Villas, 
Ripon Road, Plumstead, Kent. 


Fen land Notes and Queries. 

Edited by W. H. BERNARD SAUNDERS, F.R.Hut.S. 

A Quarterly Toumal, devoted to the Antiquities, Geology, Natural Featnitt, 
Parochial Records, Family History, Legends and Traditions, Folk-Lore, Curious 
Customs, etc., of the Fenland, in the Counties of Huntingdon, Cambridge, Lincoln, 
Northampton, Norfolk and Suffolk. Price is. 6d. per Quarter, by Post is. 8d. A 
^fear's Subscription if paid in advance, 6i., post free. 

Peterborough : Geo. C. Castor, Market Place. 

London : Simpkin, Marshall, & Co., Ld., Sutloners' Hall Court } Elliot Stock, 
62, Paternoster Row ; and may be had of any Bookseller. 

Carmarthenshire Notes. 

Edited by ARTHUR MEE, F.R.A.S. 
intended for the reception of contributions, original or select, relating to Carmar- 
thenshire, its Topography, History, Literature, Bibliography, Celebrities, Genealogies, 
Manners, Customs, Folk-Lore, Superstitions, anything and everything that £alls 
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Address : — Editor, CAaMAiTHXNSHiix Notes, South WaUs Prtss^ Llanelly. 


S^rthamp tons hire 3^tes and Queries. 

An Illustrated Quarterly Journal, devoted to the Antiquities, Family History, 
Traditions Parochial Records, Folk-Lore, Quaint Customs, ftc, of the County. 

Edited by Christophsi A. Markham, F.S.A., Hon. Sec. of the Archite^ral Society 
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Demy 8vo., printed in antique style, in the best manner, on toned paper. 

Price li. fid. Subscription 51. per annum (prepaid), postage 6^. 

Northampton : Taylor & Son, The Dryden Press, 9, College Street. 

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Bedfordshire Notes and ^eries. 

Commencement of a New Series, Part I. now ready. A Quarterly Journal devoted 
to the Antiquities, Parochial Records, Family History, Folk-Lore, Quaint Customs, 
«tc, of the County. 

Edited by Frxosrick A. Blaydxs, Shenstone Lodge, Bedford. 

The Editor having made fresh arrangements for Printing and Publishing, can now 
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Torkshire S^tes and ^eries. 

Illustrate Quarterly, 5s. per ann. in advance. 

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Leicestershire and Rutland Notes and ^eries. 

And ANTIQUARIAN GLEANER, an lllottnted Quarterly Journal, devoted to 
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Genealogies, Quaint Customs, tec^ of these Counties. Edited by John and Thomas 
Spincxr. Published Quarterly. Parts I. to IV., being the parts for 1889, now 
ready ; Part V. in April, 1890. 

A Tear^s SuburifHm 41. 6^. frtfmd, Slunttrhf parti u, 6d, 

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" Cy^nru Fu:' 

NOTES AND QUERIES relating to the put history of Wales and the Border 
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Subscribers' names received by the Editor **Cymru Fu," WtiUy Mml^ Cardiff. 

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payable in advance. 

Contributions and Subscribers* Names received by the Editor, 
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A Magasine of Archaeology, Etymology, Folk-Lore, Genealogy, Heraldry, &c. 
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All letters and Subscribers* names to be sent to the Editor, the Rev. A. W. 
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The Qiiarterly Journal of 

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Edited by the Rev. P. H. DITCHFIELD, M.A., ReAor of Barkham. 

Suhteripnon^ k. (td, per amam, 
Reading : Rnrxas ic Slaughtxr. London 1 Elliot Stock. 

Maine Historical and genealogical Reorder. 

A Quarterly Magasine, the prime objed of which is the publication of whatever 
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The 'British *I(ecord Society^ 

Initituted for priating Indexes and Calendars to British Records. 

Already completed or in progress : Northampton and Rutland Wills, i5o8-l6$2 
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For Prospedhis, etc., address the Hon. Sec, W. P. W. Phillxmorb, Es<^., M.A., 
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Liter^e Laureate ; 

Or, a Sele^ion firom the Poetical Writings of John Brown, commonly styled the 
*' Homcastle Laureate," with Preftce, Life, and Explanatory Notes, 

By J. CONWAY WALTER, Redor of Langton, by Homcastle. 

To be published by subscription, zoo copies, demy 8vo., half mor., gilt top, xos. 6d. 
Application should be made to the Publisher, or Rev. J. Conway Walter, Langton 
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The Diary and Letters of 


Late Governor-in-Chief of the Province of Massachusets Bay (descended from 
William and Anne Hutchinson, of Alford, co. Line, who removed to America in 
1634). Edited by Pktsr Orlando Hutchinson, one of his great-grandsons. 
Two Vols. 8vo. Portraits. Vol. I., 1883, nearly all sold; Vol. II., 1886. 

Sampson Low, Marston, k, Co., London. 

Pamphlets, Engravings, Manuscripts, Inclosure and 
other Acts. i8 pages. Now ready » Free for id. stamp. 
HY. WM. BALL, Bookseller, Barton-on-Humber. 

ia\ i9i. xfti i<i j^i ^♦1 t#> .tfc .tfc ^i. ^i. ^i. ife i<i jfe jfe jfe i<i t^ t^ f#a x9i. ifc. i!t> J#i tfti f^i i*^ t#> r». t^ i^ ^fc A. 

Fourteenth List of Subscribers, 

Llewellyn, Col., 27, Lowndes Street, London, S.W. 


Notes and Queries for Somerset and Dorset. 

Edited by Frbdsric William Wbavxr, M.A., Milton Clevedon, EYercreedi^ 
Somenet, editor of yttttatwrn of /ir Coimtus of Smtrut mid Herefirdy and Smtrtet 
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VoL II. commenced March, 1890. Parts iuued Quarterly. Subtcriptlont, 51. 

Eer annum, payable in advance to either of the Editors, to whom all literary and 
osinett communications should be addressed. 

The Sast ^AHglian; 

Or, Notes and Quzaixs on Subjeds conne^d with the Counties of SurroLK, 
CAMBaiDGx, Essex, and NotroLK. Edited by the Rev. C. H. Evxltk Whits » 
F.SJL, &c.. Vicar of Christ Church, Chesham, Hon. Member, late Hon. Sec. of 
the Suffolk Institute of Archeology and Natural History. 

Part I., commencing an entirely New Series of this well>known Serial was 
issued January 1st, 1 885, and is published Monthly. Vol. U. comfloeooed 
January, 1887. Annual Subscription, 51., post free. 

Ipswich: Pawsxy k Hayss, Ancient House. London: Qxoegx Rkdway. 

The Western Antiquary ; 

Or, DsYON and Cornwall Notx Book being a medium of intercommunication 
for Antiquaries and othert interested in the History, Literature, and Legendary Lore 
of the Western Counties, with which is incorporated " The Book Plate Colledor's 
Miscellany." Edited by W. H. K. WRIGHT, F.R. Hist Soc. London: Elliot 
Stock ; Plymouth : W. H. Lvkx. Published Monthly. Illustrated. Annual 
Sabacription, post free, 8j. A superior edition, X is. Tenth Series comm enc ed July, 
1890. Some back Volumes still to be had. 

Address : 8, Bedford Street, Plymouth. 

Gloucestershire S^tes and ^iferies. 

Founded by the late Rev. Beaver H. Blacker, M.A., in 1878. 

Edited by W. P. W. PHILLIMORE, M.A., B.C.L. 

New Series, Illustrated, commenced with the number for January, 1891. Published 
Qjoarterly, price each part, is. 6d. To annual prepaid subscribers, 5s. 6d., post free, 
Sabscribers* names and pavmente received by the Editor, 124, Chancery Lane, 
London. The work supplied dired by him, or through any Bookseller, by 

SiMTKiN Marshall, Hamilton, Ksnt k Co., Ltd., 23, Paternoster Row, E.C. 

Now ready. One Hundred and Twenty Pages. Demy 8vo., elegantly printed on 

toned paper. Part I. of 

The I^ntwh Note 'SooX, 

A Magacine of Notes, Queries, and Replies relating to the Antiquities, Remarkable 
Events, Local History, Familv Records, Nomenclature, Quaint Customs, Folk-Lore, 
Poetry, Song, and other Subjecte connected with the County of Kent. Edited by 
G. O. Howxll. Reprinted with additions tnd corrections from Tii Grmmmd and 
Dtrtford RtforttTy and published half-yearly, in January and July. Four parte (with 
exhaustive Index) will complete a volume. 

The edition is strictly limited to two hundred copies, intending Snbscriben, 
therefore, should send in their names at once to O. O. Howell, 3, Ripon Villas^ 
&ipon Road, Plnmstead, Kent, 


Fen land Notes and Queries. 


A Q^^^rly Tournal, devoted to the Antiquities, Geology, Natunl Feitmet, 
Ptrockial Recordt, Family Hiitory, Legends and Traditions, Folk-Lore, Cttriouf 
Customs, etc^ of the Fenland, in the Counties of Huntingdon, Cambridge, Lincoln, 
Northampton, Norfolk and Suffolk. Price is. 6d. per Quarter, by Post is. 8d. A 
yearns Subscription if paid in advance, 61., post free. 

Peterborough : Geo. C. Castor, Market Place. 

London : Simpkin, Marshall, tc Co., Ld., Stationers* Hall Court ; Elliot Stock, 
62, Paternoster Row ; and may be had of any Bookseller. 

Carmarthenshire Notes. 


Edited by ARTHUR MEE, F.R.A.S. 

Intended for the reception of contributions, original or select, relating to Carmur- 
thenshire, its Topography, History, Literature, Bibliography, Celebrities, Genealogies, 
Manners, Customs, Folk-Lore, Superstitions, anything and everything that fidls 
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Address : — ^Editoi, CAaMAatHiNsnimft NoTfts, Semk fFaia Prtu^ Llatielly. 


^Northamptonshire S^tes and ^ueries^ 

An Illustrated Quarterly Journal, devoted to the Antiquities, Family Htstocy, 
Traditions Parochial Records, Folk-Lore| Quaint Customs, Ac, of the County. 

Edited by Crristophke A. MAaKHAM, F.S»A., Hen. Sec. of the Archite€hiral Society 
of the Archdeaconries of Northampton and Oakham* 

Demy 8vo., printed Ita antique style, in the best manner, on toned paper. 

Price K. 6d. Subscription 51. per annum (prepaid), postage 6d, 

Northampton t Tatlok Se Son, The Dryden Press, 9, College Street. 

London : Eluot Stock, Paternoster Row. 

Bedfordshire Notes and S^ueries. 

Commencement of a New Series. Part I. now ready. A Quarterlyjoumal devoleJ 
to the Antiquities, Parochial Records, Family History, Folk-Lore, (^int Customs^ 
etc, of the County. 

Edited by FasDiaiCK A. Blaydss, Shenstone Lodge, Bedford. 

The Editor having made fresh arrangements for Prioting and Publishing, can now 
ensure punctual delivery of the parts. Annual Subscription, 61. 6dL 

Bedford : F. Hocklifie, 88, High Street 

, J ■ . _L -I ■ ■ ^ - 

Yorkshire S^tes and Queries. 

Illustrated Quarterly, 5s. per amu in advance. 

Edited by J. Horsfall Turner, Idel., Bradford. 

Comprising Four Yorkshire Magasines in one, vis.t — Torksiin Uttumid ^wrao* 
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dittinA pagination. 3»o pages, with 50 illustrations. 

Quarterly. Five Shillings per aiuwm* 


Leicestershire and Rutland Notes and ^eries. 

And ANTIQUARIAN GLEANER, an Illustrated Quarterly Journal, devoted to 
the Antiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial Records, Dialects, Folk-lore, 
Genealogies, Quaint Customs, &c., of these Counties. Edited by John and Thomas 
Spbncbr. Published Quarterly. Parts I. to IV., being the parts for 1889, now 
ready ; Part V. in April, 1890. 

ji Tear's SuStaiptim 41. 64. prepaid, S^uarterly parts is, hd, 

Leicester : J. & T. Spknckr, Market Place. London : Elliot Stock. 

" Cymru Fu" 

NOTES AND QU£RIES relating to the put history of Wales and the Border 
Counties, reprinted half-yearly, with Additions and Corrections, from the CareBff 
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Subscribers' names received by the Editor ** Cymru Fu," fFeekly Mailj Cardiff. 

, ^erXshire Notes and Queries. 

A Qujsrterly Journal devoted to the Family History, Antiquities, and Topography of 

the Royal County. 

Part I., Vol I., published June, 1890. Subscription, 51. per annum, post free, 

payable in advance. 

Contributions and Subscribers' Names received by the Editor, 
Gso. F. Tudor Shsrwood, 6, Fulham Park Road, London, S.W. 

Increased to 48 Pages, with Illustrations. Price is. 

The Scottish Antiquary ^ or Northern Notes & ^eries. 

A Magazine of. Archaeology, Etymology, Folk-Lore, Genealogy, Heraldry, te. 
Edited by the Rev. A. W. Cornslius Hallin, M.A., F.S.A. Scot., Mem. Cooiw 
Hist. Soc. Issued Quarterly. Annual Subscription (payable in advance] 41. 

Sold by the following Bookselleh : Edinburgh, G. P. Johnston, George Street j 
R. Camsron, St. David Street. London, Elliot Stock, Paternoster Row, E.C 
Aberdeen, J. Rax Shith, Union Street Dundee G. Pstrix, Nethergate. 
Glasgow, Hugh Hofkins, llenfield Street. 

All letteH and Subscribers' names to be tent tb th^ Editor, the ReV. A. W. 
CoRNftLius Hallsn, Parsonage, Alloa. 

The Quarterly Jdurnal of 

The ^erhj Archaological and Architectural Society. 

Edited by the Rev. P. H. DITCHFIELD, M.A., Re^or of Barkham. 

Suhscripeion^ %s, 6d. per amttm^ 
Reading : Rnrias Se Slaughter. London : Elliot Stock. 

Maine Historical and Qenealogical Reorder. 

A Quarterly Magazine, the prime objed of which is the publication of whatevte* 
may be secured of historical interest pertaining to our own State, and whatever of 
fiunily history may be gathered from different sources, that interest the sons and 
daughters of Maine, wherever located. Original Records, Documents, or other 
papers suitable for a publication of this kind, solicited. Published in Portland, 
Maine, at Thite Dollan per annum, in advance. 

S. WAtaoift Editor and Publisher. 


The "British "Record Society^ 

Instituted for printing Indexes and Calendars to British Records. 

Already completed or in p ro g rew : Northampton and Rutland Wills, 1508-1652. 
^-Chancery proceedings tmp^ Charles I. — Royalist Compositionipapers — Signet Bills,. 
15S4-1 624— Berkshire Wills, l5o8-i652^Lichfield Wills, 1510-1652— Sussex 
Wills, 1530-1653 — Prerogative Wills of Canterbury, 1383-1558. 

Emramt Fee, lOf. 64, Amual SiihcriftktL, £1 u. 

For Prospers, etc., address the Hon. Sec., W. P. W. PRiuiMoas, Esq^., M.A., 
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Liter^e Laureate ; 

Or, a Scledion from the Poetical Writings of Torn BaowN, commonly styled the 
** Homcastle Laureate," with Preface, Life, and Explanatory Notes. 

By J. CONWAY WALTER, Redor of Langton, by Homcastle. 

To be published by subscription, 200 copies, demy 8vo., half mor., gilt top, los, 6d. 
Application should be made to the Publisher, or Rev. J. Conway Walter, Langton 
Redory, Homcastle. 

HoiNCASTLx : W. K. MoaTON. 

The Diary and Letters of 


Late 6overnor-in-Chief of the Province of Massachuscts Bay (descended from 
William and Anne Hutchinson, of Alford, co. Line, who removed to America ia 
1634), Edited by PsTxa Oxlando Hutchinson, one of his great-grandsons. 
Two Vols. 8vo. Portraits. Vol. I., 1883, nearly all sold ; Vol. II., 1886. 

Sampson Low, Makiton, U, Co., London. 

Pamphlets, Engravings, Manuscripts, Iiiclosurb and 
other Acts. i8 p&ges. Now ready. Free for \i. stamp. 
HY. WM. BALL, Bookseller, Barton-on-Humber. 

Fifteenth List of Subscribers. 

Brookes, Miss, East Cottage, WiUingham Road, Market Rasen. 


Notes and Wineries for Somerset and T)orset. 

Edited by Fkbdkkic William Wkavkk, M.A., Milton Cleyedon, Evercreech, 
Somenet, editor of Vrnttaioiu of tki Cewtties of Somerset md Hereford, and Somerut 
Jmumheittt; and CHARLxa Hkrbbrt Mayo, M.A., Vicar of Long Burton, near 
Sherborne, Rural Dean, Author of BibUotheea Dorsetiensis. 

Vol. II. commenced March, 1 890. Parts issued Quarterly. Subscriptions, $i, 
per annum, payable in advance to either of the Editors, to whom all literary and 
business communications should be addressed. 

The Sast ^4nglian; 

Or, Notes and Quxsixs on Subjects connefted with the Counties of SirrroLK, 
Cambridgk, Essex, and NoaroLK. Edited by the Rev. C. H. Evxlyn Whitb, 
F.S.A., &c., Vicar of Christ Church, Cheaham, Hon. Member, late Hon. Sec. of 
the Suffolk Institute of Archeology and Natural History. 

Part I., commencing an entirely New Series of this well-known Serial was 
issued January ist, 1885, and is published Monthly. Vol. II. commenced 
January, 1 887. Aimual Subscription, 51., post free. 

Ipswich: Pawsxy ic Haybs, Ancient House. London: Gborgb Rxdway. 

The Western (^Antiquary ; 

Or, Dbvon and Cornwall Notb Book being a medium of intercommunication 
for Antiquaries and others interested in the Hist6ry, Literature, and Legendary Lore 
of the Western Counties, with which is incorporated " The Book Plate Colledor's 
Miscellany." Edited by W. H. K. WRIGHT, F.R. Hist Soc. London: Elliot 
Stock ; Plymouth : W. H. Luke. Published Monthly. Illustrated. Annual 
Subscription, post free, 8x. A superior edition, iii. Tenth Series commenced July,. 
1890. Some back Volumes still to be had. 

Address : 8, Bedford Street, Plymouth. 

Gloucestershire S^tes and ^j^ries. 

Founded by the late Rev. Beaver H. Blacker, M.A., in 1878. 

Edited by W. P. W. PHILLIMORE, M.A., B.C.L. 

New Series, Illustrated, commenced with the number for January, 1891. Published 
Quarterly, price each part, is. 6d. To annual prepaid sutacribers, 5s. 6d., post free. 
Subscribers' names and payments received by the Editor, 124, Chancery Lane^ 
London. The work supplied direct by him, or through any Bookseller, by 

SiMFKiN Marshall, Hamilton, Kent k, Co., Ltd., 13, Paternoster Row, E.C. 

Now ready. One Hundred and Twenty Pages. Demy 8vo., elegantly printed on 

toned paper. Part I. of 

The ^ntish Note ^oo\, 

A Magazine of Notes, Queries, and Replies relating to the Antiquities, Remarkable 
Events, Local History, Family Records, Nomenclature, Quaint Customs, Folk-Lore, 
Poetry, Song, and other Subjects connected with the County of Kent. Edited by 
G. O. Howell. Reprinted with additions and corrections from Tke Graveund and 
Dartfird Reporter, and published half-yearly, in January and July. Four parts (with 
exhaustive Index] will complete a volume. 

The edition is strictly limited to two hundred copies, intending Subscribers, 
therefore, should send in their names at once to G. O. Howell, 3, Ripon Villas, 
Ripon Road, Plumstead, Kent. 


Fen land Notes and Queries. 

Edited by W. H. BERNARD SAUNDERS, F.R.Hitt.S. 

A Quarterly Joamal, devoted to the Antiquitiet, Geology, Natural Features, 
Parochial Records, Family History, Legends and Traditions, Folk-Lore, Curious 
Customs, etc^ of the Fenland, in the Counties of Huntingdon, Cambridge, Lincoln, 
Northampton, Norfolk and Suffolk. Price is. 6d. per Quarter, by Post is. 8d. A 
yearns Subscription if paid in advance, 6f., post free. 

Peterborough : Geo. C. Castor, Market Place. 

London : Simjpkin, Marshall, ic Co., Ld., Stationers' Hall Court ; Elliot Stock, 
6z, Paternoster Row ; and may be had of any Bookseller. 

Carmarthenshire Notes. 

Edited by ARTHUR MEE, F.R.A.S. 
Intended for the reception of contributions, oviginal or select, relating to Carmar- 
thenshire, its Topography, History, Literature, Bibliography, Celebrities, Genealogies, 
Manners, Customs, Follc-Lore, Superstitions, anything and everything that falls 
under these or similar departmenu. Quarterly Parts, 6d. ; Annual Subscription, 2a. 
Address : — EniToa, CAaMAaTMKNSHiaE Notes, South Wala Preu^ Llanelly. 


SsQrthamptonshire 3^tes and Queries. 

An Illustrated Quarterly Journal, devoted to the Antiquities, Family History, 

Traditions Parochial Records, Folk-Lore, Quaint Customs, &C., of the County. 

Edited by CHRiSTOPHia A. Markham, F.S.A., Hon. Sec. of the Arehitedural Society 

of the Archdeaconries of Northampton and Oakham. 

Demy 8vo,, printed in antique style, in the best manner, on toned paper. 

Price II. W. Subscription 51. per annum (prepaid), postage 6^ 

Northampton : Tayloe & Son, The Dryden Press, 9, College Street 

London : Elliot Stock, Paternoster Row. 

Bedfordshire Notes and ^eries. 

Commencement of a New Series. Part I. now ready. A Quarterly Journal devoted 
to the Antiquities, Parochial Records, Family History, Folk-Lore, Quaint Customs, 
etc, of the County. 

Edited by Fesdskick A. Blaydxs, Shenstone Lodge, Bedford. 
The Editor having made fresh arrangements for Printing and Publishing, can now 
ensure punctual delivery of the parU. Annual Subscription, 6*. W. 

Bedford : F. Hocklifie, 88, High Street. 

Yorkshire S^tes and ^ries. 

Illustrated Quarterly, 5s. per ann. in advance. 

Edited by J. Horsfall Turner, Idel., Bradford. 

Comprising Four Yorkshire Magazines in one, via.:— TorfcArre l^ota and ^Mrwx, 
VorMrt Folk-Lore Jwmal, Yorhkirt Bibtwgrafhtr, and TorkMrt Genfolopst^ with 
distina pagination. 310 pages, with 50 illustrations. 

Quarterly. Five Shillings per annum. 


Leicestershire and Rutland Notes and S^ueries^ 

And ANTIQUARIAN GLEANER, an lUuftrated Quarterly Journal, devoted to 
the Antiquitiet, Family History, Traditions, Parochial Recordt, Dialects, Folk-lore, 
Genealogies, Quaint Customs, 9k^ of these Counties. Edited by John and Thomas 
Spincxr. Published Quarterly. Parts I. to IV., being the parts for 1889, now 
ready ; Part V. in April, 1890. 

A Ttat't Suburtpuon 41. hd, frtpmd, ^uarterfy pent 11. 6^. 

Leicester : J. & T. Spsncxb, Market Place. London ; Elliot Stock. 

" Cymru Fu:' 

NOTES AND QUERIES relating to the past history of Wales and the Border 
Counties, reprinted half-yearly, with Additions and Corrections, from the Car&jf 
iVttkly MmI. Subscription 51. per annum, post free. Edited by Gso. H. BaisRLzy. 

Subscribers' names received by the Editor '* Cymru Fu," H^eekfy Mad^ Cardiff. 

^er^shire Notes and Queries. 

A Quarterly Journal devoted to the Family History, Antiquities, and Topography of 

the Royal County. 

Part I., Vol I., published June, 1890. Subscription, $t, per annum, post free, 

payable in advance. 

Contributions and Subscribers' Names received by the Editor, 
Gso. F. Tudor Shsrwooo, 6, Fulham Park Road, London, S.W. 

Increased to 48 Pages, with Illustrations. Price is. 

I'he Scottish Antiquary ^ or Northern Notes & ^eries. 

A Magazine of Archeology, Etymology, Folk-Lore, Genealogy, Heraldry, &c. 
Edited *by the Rev. A. W. Cornslius Hallxn, M.A., F.S.A. Scot., Mem. Coun. 
Hist. Soc. Issued Quarterly. Annual Subscription (payable in advance) 41. 

Sold by the following Booksellers : Edinburgh, G. P. Johnston, George Street ; 
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Glasgow, Hugh Hopkins, RenBeld Street. 

All letters and Subscribers' names to be sent to the Editor, the Rev. A. W, 
CoRNXLius Hallxn, Parsoiugc, Alloa. 

The Qjiarterly Journal of 

^he ^erhj Archaological and ArchiteSiural Society. 

Edited by the Rev. P. H. DITCHFIELD, MJV., Re^or of Barkham. 

Subscriftum^ 2t, 6d, per amtum, 
Reading : Rivxrs & Slavghtxx. London : Elliot Stock. 


Maine Historical and Qeneahgical Reorder. 

A Quarterly Magaxine, the prime oh]t€t of which is the publication of whatever 
may be secured of historical interest pertaining to our own State, and whatever of 
£imily history may be gathered from different sources, that interest the sons and 
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papers suitable for a publication of this kind, solicited. Published in Portland, 
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S. Watson, Editor and Publisher. 


The 'British 'Hecord Society^ 

Instituted for printing Indexes and Calendars to British Records. 


Already completed or in progress : Northampton and Rutland Wills, 1 508-1652 
—Chancery proceedings temf^ Charles I. — Royalist Composition papers— Signet BiUs^ 
1 5 84-1 624— Berkshire Wills, 1 508-1 65 2— Lichfield Wills, 1 5 10-16 52— Sussex 
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Liter^e Laureate ; 

Or, a Seledion from the Poetical Writings of John Baowir, commonly styled the 
**" Horncastle Laureate," with Pre&ce, Life, and Explanatory Notes. 

By J. CONWAY WALTER, Redor of Langton, by Horncastle. 

To be published by subscription, 200 copies, demy 8vo., half mor., gilt top, los. 6d. 
Application should be made to the Publisher, or Rev. J. Conway Walter, Langton 
Rectory, Horncastle. 

HoKNCASTLE : W. K. Morton. 

Louth Old Corporation Records. 


Extrads from the Accounts, Minutes and other Memoranda of the Warden ancf 
Six Assistants of the Town of Louth and Free School of King Edward VI. in 
Louth (1551-1835]. 

Compiled by R. W. Goulding. 

Price upon publication, "ju 6</. ; to Subscribers, 51. 
Prospe^us and Application Form from J. W. Goulding, Bookseller, Louth. 

Vot II. Parti. JANUARY, 1 890. Price is. 6d. 


Notes & Oueries 



T^he Antiquities^ Parochial ^cords^ Family History^ I'raditions^ 
Folkrlore^ Quaint Customs^ &c. of the County. 

Edited by 


Gnat Grimsby^ 



Vicar of Thornton^ Horncastle. 


I The Busty Pialter (JUiatJ .... i 
a Archbishop Laud and Bishop Williams 

of Lincoln 3 

3 The Gentry of Lincolnshire of 1634 6 

4 Wainfleet : Charter of Incorporation 1 1 

5 Falsification of History at Grantham 14 

6 Inquisitions, P.M., Line 15 

7 Ancient British Interment .... 17 

8 The Ousteby Brass, Caistor ... 18 

9 Christmastide • '9 

10 Societies of the Tityries and Bugle • 23 


11 Sargeont and the Episcopal Visita- 

tion' of Bishop Williams, 1641 . 14 

NO. FAGt. 

12 Wroot Church : Smyth and White- 

lamb Brass 25 

13 Huguenot Refugees ...... 25 

14 Boucher Family 25 

15 The Lincoln Mint 25 

16 Henry Sapcote ....... 26 

17 Monumental Inscriptions in 1662, co. 

Lincoln 26 

18 Richard Wynne of FoUungham • . 27 


19 The River Witham 27 

20 Stone Coffins for other Purposes . • 28 

Rsfiswi •28 

Printed by W. K. Morton, 27, High Street. 

London i Cbas. J. Cukis, 4, Lingoui's Inn Fiblm, W.C. 


Lincolnshire V^tes ^ Slueries, 


ScALi or CHAmoBi roi AorxtTUBMSNTi. Each iniertion: — Wrapper, tpedal 
termi $ One Page, lii. 6^. | Half Page, 71. 6^. ; Third Page, 51. ; Quarter Page, 41. j 
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To SuBscaiBsts. LuKolmMrt Neta aiui ^mria is published quarterly (January, 
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To CoaRBSFON&BNTS. All Communications should be accompanied by the name 
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paper only, and not to use contradions except where such occur in the originals, and 
to forward their communications to the Editors for tkt next mmbar mt iater Mm 
February 14/i, otherwise insertion cannot be promised in our next issue. 

To AnvKKTisBts. Lmcolmiire Notet and ^utnu will be found a good medium 
for advertisements of a suitable litskary ^radler, which can be well displayed, 
and inserted at a reuonable rate. Particulars to be had of the PobGsfaer. 

To AuTMoas, Editors, and PusLXSHsas. Books, &c. bearing on Lincolnahiie, or 
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BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS only (including subscriptions) should be sent 
dired to the Publisher (W. K. Morton, Homcastlel All Edxtoblal Communi- 
cations, &c. should be addressed to Thx Editors, c/o Thx Rxt. J. Clare Hudson, 
Thornton Vicaragx, Horncastlx. 

Tnx Editors have been unable to issue with this number the Supplement containing 
Materials fir a list ^ TefografJtical Books relatb^ to LmobisJkire, It vriU, however, be 
continued in our next. 

Thx Editors venture to call the attention of their Subscribers to the h€t that very 
few RefHes are received by them in answer to the somewhat numerous ^(ueria. 
They cannot help thinking that there are many of their Subscribers who can oblige 
them with answers to these Queries, and, if they would only do so, they would 
greatly enhance the value of Lbscs. iV. fif ^., as well as gratify those whose Queries 
are inserted. 


Page 2»7, line a, fir Rempton read Rempston. 
„ »55, line 2$% fir Somerset read Somerset-House. 

Lincolnshire and the Danes, 



'^This brightly written volume Mr. Streatfeild may be congratulated on 

having produced the most readable and interesting of the many booka written on 

the local nomenclature of particular English districts The chapter on the 

Lincolnshire dialed and the etymological glossary deserve almost unqualified praise 
and also deserves a hearty welcome not only from the people of Lincolnshire, but 
from all who are interested in English philology and history/* — Review by Henry 
Bradley in tht Acadtmy^ March 15, 1884. 

"Cordially echoing Mr. Bradley's praises of Mr. Streatfeild*s book."— Canon 
Isaac Taylor to Tht jicaJany, 

** The book altogether is a very pleasant, readable and interesting, as well as an 
accurate and scientific contribution to the history of the prehistoric age of England.** 
— TAe Spectaior, 

**A lK>ok which is in great measure satisfactory The chapter on the language 

of Lincolnshire and the glossary of Scandinavian words found in the county are 
particularly good." — The jithautum, 

London : Kigan Paul, Trxnch 8c Co. 1884. Price, y%, 6d. 
Priparing roR Early Publication. 


in english, 

Illustrative of the History of Lincolnshire 

Anterior to A.D. 1400. 

Translated and Edited by 


VoL I., Seledions from Lincoln Assise Roll, A.D. 1218-1219. Fcap. 4to. 
iff tki Pros. 250 copies printed for subscribers at 8j. 6d. each. 

Subscribers' names to be sent to W. K. Morton, Homcastle, Lines, j or 
W. Boyd, 4, Cowper Mansions, Cadogan Gardens, London, S.W. 

The Lincolnshire "Record Society. 






Rev. Precentor VENABLES. 

Rev. Canon PERRY. 

The Council are now prepared to print, as the first volume, TA« Ckrenklt of LoutJk 
Par A Abbty^ a fif^nth century MS., edited bv the Rev. Precentor Venables. 
Considerable progress has been made with the MS. of the volume containing a 
Gemral Aceouu of iMcoAuJUrt Recordi in the Public Record Office, British Museum, 
&C., &c. 

Subscriptions for Original Members, los. 6d. per annum, are now due. 

Prospethas and Rules on application to the Hon. Secretary, Mr. Gibbons, 4, 
Minster Yard, Lincoln; or to the Hon. Treasurer, Rev. J. Clarb Humon, 
Thornton Vicarage, Homcastle. 

In crown octavo, tastefully printed and bound, with illuttntioot, 

price 4i. 6^ pott free. 

The Parish Church of St. 34ary^ 


JVith an AppenHxy containing Notes on Whapbdi. 
By W. E. Foster, F.S.A., Lond., 

Hm, Mtmher of the Spal£tig Gmtlemafs SocHtf^ etc. 
London : Elliot Stock, 61, Paternoeter Row, E.C. 1889. 

Shortly will be ittued, price 51. each (to Subscribers only), yt. 6J, each after publication. 


The Parish of Holbeach^ 


With Memoriab of its Clergy /rom A.D, 1 225 to the present time. 
By Grant W. Macdonald, M.A., 

Vicar of S. Mark's, Holbeach. 

The above work is the result of much labour and research by one who hastily 
wrote, in 1878, ^ Brief Accemi ofHolttack, Much information has been got together 
from untrodden paths which neither trouble nor expense has been spared to obtain. 
Reliable fiicts from Domesday Book, TesU de NeviU, the Hundred Rolls, the 
Proceedings De Quo Warranto, the Subsidy Rolls, and the Inquisitions Poet- 
Mortem will here be found. The work will also contain particulars of the Manor 
in 1252, 1293, and 1321, and other facts; Names of Inhabitants in I327-I332,and 
other dates} Rectors of Holbeche 1225 to 1332, when Bishop of Lincoln acquired 
the Patronage and Vicarage ordained ; List of Vicars complete from A.n. 133c; 
Chantries and Chantry Priests j Grammar School Masters ; Curates of Holboch } 
Memorials of Vicars, etc. ; and Transcripts from Lincoln of some of the missing 
portions of Holbeach Register, etc, etc 


C/W ^ar TraSls and Broadsides 

Relating to the County of Lincoln. 

4to. Seventy-five copies, privately printed, of which 25 only are for sale. Price, 5s. 

Homcastle: W. K. MoaTON. 

. _ — — ■ ■ ■ ■ * 

^he Register Book 



For Marriages, Christenings, and Burials, beginning in 1538 and ending in 18 is. 


Great Grimsby : ALuar Gait. 

Pp. xvn 43^ royal 8vo. Eighty copies only printed, of which a few are idU 

unsubscribed for. Price £% ss. od. 

Vol IL Part 2. 

APRIL, 1890. 

Price is. 6d. 


Notes & Queries 



TChe Antiquities^ Parochial ^cords^ Family History^ Traditions^ 
FoO^-lore^ Quaint Customs^ &c. of the County. 

Edited by 


Gnat Grimsby^ 


The rev. J. CLARE HUDSON, M.A., 

Vicar of Thornton^ Horncastle. 



NO. iVC/'iiSa PAGI. 

21 Capt. John Smith, of Virginia ^///i(ff.^ 33 

22 Gcrvatc Holies and Sir Lewis Dives' 

Regiment, 1642 35 

23 Incised Slab at Crowland .... 36 

24 The Gentry of Lincolnshire of 1634 37 

25 Lincolnshire Folk-Lore 41 

26 Bussi and Le Poer 45 

27 The Ashby-de-la-Laonde Brass . • 47 

28 Husbandman and Yeoman • • • 48 

29 Monumental Inscriptions from other 

Counties relating to Lincolnshire 49 

30 Sheep Shearing Numbers. .... 51 

31 Leake and Leverton Advowson • . 53 

32 Roodscreens in Lincolnshire • • • 56 

33 A Louth Duel, Legard v. Bolls • • 57 


34 " Poor Jeanie^ and Kirton Jail . 

35 Place Names 




36 Family and Arms of West .... 60 

37 Lincolnshire M.P.'s 60 

38 Family of Fletcher 60 

39 Patronage of the Benefice of Langton- 

by-Homcastle 60 

40 The Carr Dyke 61 

41 Till-bridge Lane 61 

42 Stockworth Mill 61 


43 Lererett Family 61 

44 Lincoln Mint 62 

45 Obsolete Words m Cony EsUte Book 62 

Rsviswi 62 


(aj Lines. Topographical Books %$^~zS 
(b) Lines. Monumental Brasses 25—32 

Printed by W. K. Morton, 27, High Street. 

London : Chas. J. Clabk, 4, Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C. 

Lincolnshire t^(otes ^ S^ueries, 


Scale op Chargxs roi ADvxKTisiMXNTt, Each inaertion :^-Wrapper, Bpectal 
terms ; One Page, 121. td. \ Half Page, js. 6d. ; Third Page, 5*. ; Quarter Pige, 41. ; 
Minimum charge for any Advertiiement, not to exceed four lines, %t, 6iLi and for 
every additional line, 6d. 

To SuBSCiiBXfts. Lhcohtthire Nota and Sfuerits is published quarterly (January, 
April, July, and Odober], at the annual subscription (prepaid) of 51. j post free 5* . 4^. 
Price of single quarterly number. If. 6d, 

To CoftftXSPONDXNTS. All Communications should be accompanied by the name 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good 
faith. Correspondents are requested to write as plainly as possible, on one side of the 
paper only, and not to use contradions except where such occur in the originals, and 
to forward their communications to the Editors fir tke next manher not later tkwi 
May 14/i, otherwise insertion cannot be promised in our next issue. 

To AnviiTisxftS. UncolmJkire I^ota and Shuria will be found a good medium 
for advertisements of a suitable litkr^ry charadier, which can be well displayed, 
and inserted at a reasonable rate. Particulars to be had of the Publisher. 

To Authors, Editors, and Publishers. Books, &c. bearing on Lincolnshiie, or 
subje^ conneded therewith, will if sent to the Editors for review receive careful 

BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS only (including subscriptions) should be sent 
diredl to the Publisher (W. K. Morton, Horncastle\ All Editorial Communi- 
cations, &c. should be addressed to Thx Editors, c/o The Rev. J. Clare Hudson, 
Thornton Vicarage, Horncastle. 

The Title Page, Contents, &c., and the Index for Vol. I. will shortly be 
forwarded to Subscribers. 

The Lettered Half Roxburgh Cases for Vol. I. are now ready, and can be had of 
the publisher, W. K. Morton, Horncastle, for 21. These cases will admit of the 
preservation of the covers and advertisements at the end of the volume. 

The Editors venture to call the attention of their Subscribers to the fa^ that very 
few Ref^ are received by them in answer to the somewhat numerous S^neria, 
They cannot help thinking that there are many of their Subscribers who can oblige 
them with answers to these Queries, and, if they would only do so, they would 
greatly enhance the value of Linn, N, & ^., as well as gratify those whose Queries 
are inserted. 


Page 13, line ijfir kaiap read kaiagium, /.e., wharfage. 
„ 28, line Jtjor tympanium read tympanum. 


„ 17, line liyfir pater read frater. 

Lincolnshire and the Danes, 



"This brightly written volume Mr. Streatfeild may be congratulated on 

having produced the most readable and interesting of the many books written on 

the local nomenclature of particular English dutricts The chapter on the 

Lincolnshire dialed and the etymological glossary deserve almost unqualified praise 
and also deserves a hearty welcome not only from the people of Lincolnshire, but 
from all who are interested in English philology and history." — Review by Henry 
Bradley in Tlu Academyy March 15, 1884. 

** Cordially echoing Mr. Bradley's praises of Mr. Streatfeild's book." — Canon 
Isaac Taylor to Tke Academy, 

** The book altogether is a very pleasant, readable and interesting, as well as an 
accurate and Kientific contribution to the history of the prehistoric age of England." 
— Tke Spectator, 

**A 000k which is in great measure satisfaAory The chapter on the language 

of Lincolnshire and the glossary of Scandinavian words found in the county are 
particularly good." — Tie Atheneeum, 

London : Kcgan Paul, Teikch & Co. 1 884. Paicx, 7s. 6d. 

- - ■ - ■- - — -_ — - 

PaxPAKiNG poa Eaklt Publication. 


in english, 

Illustrative of the History of Lincolnshire 

Anterior to A.D. 1400. 

TransUted and Edited by 


Vol. I., Seledions from Lincoln Assize Roll, A.D. 1218-1219. Fcap. 4to. 
In the Press. 250 copies printed for subscribers at 8f. 6d, each. 

Subscribers' names to be sent to W. K. Mokton, Homcastle, Lines. ; or 
W. Boyd, 4, Cowper Mansions, Cadogan Gardens, London, S.W. 

The hincolnshire ^cord Society. 






Rev. Precentor VENABLES. 

Rev. Canon PERRY. 

The Council have now in the press, as the first volume, The ChromcU of Louth 
Park Ahbey^ a fifteenth century MS., edited by the Rev. Precentor Venables. 
Considerable progress has been made with the MS. of the proposed second volume 
for 1890, viz. : AbstraSsfrom the Bishops RoUsof the Thirteenth Century^ relating to the 
County of Uncobt^ edited by the Rev. Canon Harvey, F.S.A. 

Subscriptions for Original Members, los. 6d. per annum, are now due. 

Prospeaus and Rules on application to the Hon. Secretary, Mr. Gibbons, 4, 
Minster Yard, Lincoln; or to the Hon. Treasurer, Rev. J. Clabs Hudson, 
Thornton Vicarage, Horncastle. 

Id crown octavo, tastefully printed and bound, with illuttntions, 

price 41. 6d^ pott free. 

The Parish Church of St. 31ary^ 


fyith an Appendix^ containing Notes on Whaphde. 
By W. E. Foster, F.S.A., Lond., 

Hm, Member oftke SpaliSng Gemtlemafs Soday, etc, 
London: Elliot Stock, 6s, Patemoiter Row, E.C. xS89. 

Price 7«. 6dL Printed for Sobacribers at 51. Will be ready early in ApriL 

Historical Notices of Holbeach^ 


By Grant W. Macdonald, M.A., 

Vicar of S. Mark's, Holbeach. 

CoNTtHTS. Dknuons L-iy,, Etymology, and History through the different 
Periods of En^sh Reigns. Dknsm V^ The Parish Church. Diwam yi^ Advowson 
— ^Appropriation to Bishopric — Ordination of the Vicarage. DivUim f^IL^ Memorials 
of the Redory, A.D, 1225-1335. Dnriuen VIIL^ Memorials of Vicars, 1335- 
1S90. Divmatt /JT., Notices of Vicarage, the Free School, its Masters, and Public 
Buildings. Divwan X,^ Biographies of Dr. Stukeley and others — Notices of the 
Curates of the Parish. Dtwwm A7., Monumental Inscriptions — Communion Plate 
— Parish Registers — ^Transcripts Briefs. Divman Xll^ Cnantries, Chantry Prietta— 
Some account of the Modern Churches of Holbeach. 


Ch>il JVar TraBs and Broadsides 

Relating to the County of Lincoln. 
Compiled by ERNEST L. GRANGE^ M.A.^ LLM. 

Foolscap 4to. Seventy-five copies, privately printed, of which 25 only are for sale. 

Price, 5s. 

Horncastle: W. K. Mobton. 



Writings of Richard 'Bernard^ 

Of Efworthj fTorhop^ and Baitmhe, 

By John Ingle Dredge, Vicar of Buckland Brewer, Devon. 

Horncastle: W. K. Morton. 1890. 
Foolscap. 4to. Seventy-five copies privately printed. Price i< SJ, 

Vol II. Part 3. 

JULY, 1890. 

Price is. 6d. 


Notes & Queries 



T^he Antiquities y Parochial ^cords^ Family History ^ Traditions y 
Folkrlorey Quaint Customs y &c. of the County. 

Edited by 


Great Grimsbyy 


The rev. J. CLARE HUDSON, M.A., 

Vicar of Thornton^ HorncastU, 


46 Grant of Grimsby to William de 

Huntingfield, A.D. 1216 . . . 65 

4.7 North Lines. Provincial Words . . 67 

48 Monumental Inscriptions from other 

Counties relating to Lincolnshire 68 

49 Bonner and Stanger Epitaphs, Baston 70 

50 The Gentry of Lincolnshire of 1634 71 

51 Charters at Gunby Hall .... 74 

52 St. Leonard's Nunnery, Grimsby . . 78 

53 Inquisitions, p.m., Line 78 

54 A Louth Duel 80 

55 The Supposed Chapel at Grantham . 8ft 

56 Lincoln Minster : Saint Hugh . . 84 


57 A Strange Custom : ^^ Falling Out '* . 84 

58 The Bury Family 84 

59 "Bdiston" 84 

bo Armorial Carving at Coleby ... 85 

61 Barton-on-Humber St. Mary's Church 85 

62 Beecham Family 85 


63 Barton-on-Humber ; Tennyson Family 86 

64 Obsolete Words 86 

65 Lords of Manors and their Arms . 86 

66 Barton-on-Humber: Dvmoke Family 87 

67 Wispington : Phillips Glover, Esq. . 87 


68 "Cotter" 87 

69 Plough Jags 88 

70 Winkley Family 89 

71 Lincolnshire M.P.'s 89 

7ft Name of Whitsed 90 

73 Boucher Family ....... 90 

74 Lincolnshire Folk-Lore .... 90 

75 Rood Screens in Lincolnshire ... 90 

76 Obsolete Words in Cony Estate Book 92 

Reviews 93 


fa) Lines. Topographical Books 29—32 
(hj Lines. Monumental Brasses 33 — 40 

Printed by W. K. Morton, 27, High Street. 

London : Chas. J. Clakk, 4, Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C. 

Lincolnshire U^tes ^ Slueries. 


ScALS OP Chaigks pok Advxrtiskmknts. Each insertion: — ^Wrapper, special 
terms ; One Page, 121. 6^. j Half Page, js, 6d, 5 Third Page, 5*. ; Quarter Page, 41. ; 
Minimum charge for any Advertisement, not to exceed four lines, 21. 6^.j and for 
every additional line, 6d. 

To SuBSCaiBXRS. LmcolnsMire Notes and Queries is published quarterly (January, 
April, July, and O^ober), at the annual subscription (prepaid) of 51. ; post free 55. 4^. 
Price of single quarterly number, if. 6d. 

To CoRRXSpoNDXNTs. All Communications should be accompanied by the name 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good 
faith. Correspondents are requested to write as plainly as possible, on one side of the 
paper only, and not to use contraAions except where such occur in the originals, and 
to forward their communications to the Editors for the next number not later tkan 
September 14M, otherwise insertion cannot be promised in our next issue. 

To Advxrtisxrs. Limolmkire Ntaes and Queries will be found a good medium 
for advertisements of a suitable litxrary chara^er, which can be well displayed, 
and inserted at a reasonable rate. Particulars to be had of the Publisher. 

To Authors, Editors, and Publishxrs. Books, &c. bearing on Lincolnshire, or 
sttbje^ connc^d therewith, will if sent to the Editors for review receive careful 

BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS only (including subscriptions) should be sent 
diredl to the Publisher (W. K. Morton, Homcastle). All Editorial Communi- 
cations, &c. should be addressed to Thk Editors, c/o Thx Rev. J. Clarx Hudson, 
Thornton Vicaragx, Horncastlx. 

Subscribers are reminded that neat Lettered Half Roxburgh Cases for binding 
Vol. I. of Lanes, N, & ^ can be obtained from the publisher, W. K. Morton, 
Homcastle, for 2s. Anyone sending the eight parts of Vol. I. to W. K. Morton 
can have them bound, top edges gilt, rest uncut, for the sum of 3^. 6d. (including the 
price of the Case). 

Many Queries have been uiuivoidably held over to our next issue. 

Wx have received the sheets (but, unfortunately, too late for review in our present 
number) of Murray's Handbook /or IJncolnshire^ written by our valued correspondent 
the Rev. G. E. Jeans, Shorwell Rectory, Isle of Wight. We purpose having a 
Notice in our October issue worthy of this excellent Handbook. Meanwhile, vire 
take this opportunity of calling our Subscribers' attention to its early publication. A 
Notice will also appear in our next issue of Miss Mabel Peacock's Lincolnshire Tales 
(North Lines. Dialect), which has just been received from the Publishers. 

Holy Wills op Lincolnshire. Mr. R. C. Hope, F.S.A., F.R.S.L., enumerates 
in the June number of The Aitiquary (Elliot Stock) the following Lincolnshire Holy 
Wells: — Great Cotes, Winterton — Holywell Dale j North Kelsey — Bye Well; 
Tetney — Blow Wells ; Glcntham— Newell Well. 

C 2? xf e/2 A e/2 . 


Vol. II., Part I., page 13, line l^for tenage rea^/terrage. 
„ Part II., „ 44t » 12, /or spring rM</ springs. 
»» M 61, „ 5,yor capse retf</ lapse. 
„ „ 61, „ 27,y0r Harrington read Hemingby. 
„ „ 61, „ 28,yar Ordinance rW Ordnance, 



Lincolnshire and the Danes, 



**This brightly written volume Mr. Streatfeild may be congratulated on 

having produced the most readable and interesting of the many books written on 
the local nomenclature of particular English districts.. ..... .The chapter on the 

Lincolnshire dialedt and the etymological glossary deserve almost unqualified praise 
and also deserves a hearty welcome not only from the people of Lincolnshire, but 
from all who are interested in English philology and history." — Review by Henry 
Bradley in The Academy^ March 15, 1884. 

*' Cordially echoing Mr. Bradley's praises of Mr. Strcatfeild's book." — Canon 
Isaac Taylor to 7%« Academy, 

^ The book altogether is a very pleasant, readable and interesting, as well as an 
accurate and scientific contribution to the history of the prehistoric age of England." 
— tk€ Speaator, 

"A fa«ok which is in great measure satisfadlory The chapter on the language 

of Lincolnshire and the glossary of Scandinavian words found in the county are 
particularly good."— TAr AtJketueum, 

London : Kxgan Paul, Tkbnch & Co. 1 884. Paicx, 7s. 6d. 
Prxpaking for Early Publication. 


in english, 

Illustrative of the History of Lincolnshire 

Anterior to A.D. 1400. 

Translated and Edited by 


Vol. I., Sele^ions from Lincoln Assize Roll, A.D. 1218-1219. Fcap. 4to. 
In the Preu, 250 copies printed for subscribers at is, bd, each. 

Subscribers' names to be sent to W. K. Morton, Horncastle, Lines. ; or 
W. Boyd, 4, Cowper Mansions, Cadogan Gardens, London, S.W. 

The Lincolnshire ^cord Society. 


Vici-pRisi dents : 
Rev. Precentor VENABLES. 
Rev. Canon PERRY. 

The Council have now in the press, as the first volume, ^he Chrcmcle of Louth 
Park Abbey^ a fifteenth century MS., edited by the Rev. Precentor Venables. 
Considerable progress has been made with the MS. of the proposed second volume 
for 1890, viz. : AbitraSit from the Bishops Rolls of the Thirteenth Century^ relating to the 
County of Lincolny edited by the Rev. Canon Harvey, F.S.A. 

Subscriptions for Original Members, los. 6d. per annum, are liow due, 
Prospeaus and Rules on application to the Hon. Secretary, Mr. Gibbons, 4, 
Minster Yard, Lincoln; or to the Hon. Treasurer, Rev. J. Clare Hudson, 
Thornton Vicarage, Horncastle. 

In crown octtvo, UiUfuUy printed and bound, with illustr«tiont, 

price 4J. 64^ post free. 

The Parish Church of St. ^a. y^ 


With an Appendix^ containing Notes on WhapUde, 
By W. E. Foster, F.S.A., Lond., 

Hm, Member of the Spal£i^ Gentlemeift Society^ etc, 
London : Elliot Stock, 6i, Paternoster Row, E.C. 1S89. 

The hincolnshire ^cord Society. 


Vici-PaxsiDKNTs : 
Rev. Precentor VENABLES. 
Rev. Canon PERRY. 

The Council have now in the press, as the first volume, Tlr Ckrmade ^ Letak 
Park Abbey^ a fifteenth century MS^ edited by the Rev. Precentor Venables. 
Considerable progress has been made with the MS. of the proposed second vc^ume 
for 1S90, viz. : Abstrafft from tke Bhkopi Rolls of tie TbtrteetitA Century^ relatmg to the 
Coitnty of Ltticdn^ edited by the Rev. Canon Harvey, F.S.A. 

Subscriptions for Original Members, los. 6d. per annum, are now due. 

Prospeuus and Rules on application to the Hon. Secretary, Mr. Gibbons, 4, 
Minster Yard, Lincoln; or to the Hon. Treasurer, Rev. J. Clabk Hucson, 
Thornton Vicarage, Homcutle. 

Ready, with Map and Plans, Post 8vo. Price yx. bd. 

Handbook — Lincolnshire^ 

Grantham, Lincoln, Stamford, Sleaford, Spalding, 
Gainsborough, Grimsby, Boston, &c. 

London ; John Mubbay, Albemarle Street. 

Notices of Lincolnshire. 

Being an Historical and Topographical Account of 
SOME Villages in the Division of Lindsby, 

Demy Octavo. Cloth, 200 pp., with nine hand-coloured illustrations. May be 
obtained of W. H. Ball, Barton; Gio, Jackson & Son, Brigg; and from the 
Author, J. G. Hall, 36, Gt. Union Street, Hull. Price 51. 

Vol II. Parts. JANUARY, 1 89 1. Price is. 6d. 


Notes & Queries 



T^he Antiquities^ Parochial %ecordsy Family History^ Traditions, 
Folkrlare, Quaint Customs, &c. of the County. 

Edited by 


Great Grttmby, 


The rev. J. CLARE HUDSON, M.A., 

Vicar of Thornton, HorncastU. 





J 03 Ancient Chair in Lincoln Ctthedral 129 

104 Lincolnshire and the Spanish 

Armada 130 

105 Marshland Folk-Lore 134 

106 A Lincolnshire Centenarian . . • 135 

107 A List of Lincohuhire Gentry in 


108 Lincolnshire Folk-Lore . . • , 

109 Lincolnshire Militia, 1697 . . . 

110 Inquisitions, p.m.^ Line. . . « 

111 Mid-Lincolnshire Folk-Lore . , 







11% Children's Games 145 

113 Barton-on-Humber : Jowell Hall. 145 

114 Hather Family 145 

115 Wimbush ........ 145 

116 Folk-Lore 146 

1 17 Lincoln and the Revolution of 1 688 146 

Printed by W. K. Morton, 27, High Street. 

LoNPoif s Chai. J. Clakk, 4, Likcolm'i Inn Fielpi, W.C. 

118 Family of Sotherton 147 

119 Gainsborough 147 

120 Roman Bank 148 

ifti Doibles 149 

122 Joseph Pontiiez ...... 149 

123 Erasmus Stourton of Walesby • • 149 

124 Eau 149 


125 Stow Green Fair 150 

126 Fire at Metheringham . . . . I50 

127 Phillips Glover, Esq., of Wispington 150 

128 Booth of KiUingholme • . • . 151 

129 Lincolnshire M.P.'s 151 

130 The Family of Eland 153 

Rivixws ....•.•. 154 


Lines. Monumental Brasses 57-— 64 

Lincolnshire V^tes ^ ^eries. 


ScALx or Chargxs tor ADVMrriUMENTS. Each insertion 9»— Wrapper, specnl 
tenni ; One Page, lis.Sd,^ Half Page, 7<. 6J. } Third Page, 51. ; Quarter Page, 4s. ; 
Minimum charge for any Advertitement, not to exceed foui^ lines, ai. 6iLi and for 
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To SuBScaiBzas. Lhuo&uMre Nota and Slueria is published quarterly (January, 
April, July, and Odlober), at the annual subscription (prepaid) of 5<. ; post free 51. 4A 
Price of single quarterly number, is, 6d, 

To CoaRUpoNDENTS. All communications should be accompanied by the name 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good 
6uth. Correspondents are requested to write as plainly as possible, on one side of the 
paper only, and not to use contractions except where such occur in the originals, and 
to forward their communications to the Editors fir tie next number not later than 
Febnuoj I4/>I, otherwise insertion cannot be promised in our next issue. 

To AoYEKTisERS. LuKoinsMre Nota and Shieries will be found a good medium 
for advertisements of a suitable litxxary chara^er, which can be well displayed, 
and inserted at a reasonable rate. Particulars to be had of the Publisher. 

To Authors, Editors, and Publishers. Books, &c bearing on Lincolnshire, or 
subjedh conneded therewith, will if sent to the Editors for review receive careful 

BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS only (including subscriptions) should be sent 
diredl to the Publisher (W. K. Morton, Homcastle). All Editorial Communi- 
cations, &c. should be addressed to The Editors, c/o The Rev. J. Clare Hudson, 
Thornton Vicarage, Horncastle. 

Many Queries and Replies have been unavoidably held over to our next issue. 

The usual Supplement of Lincolnshire Topographical Books is held over to the 
next issue. 

The Editors have to thank their Correspondents for many acceptable contributions. 
Over six pages of interesting matter have to be held over until the next issue. 
These include Reviews of Lincolnshire Books lately published, and other subjects. 


Page 115, line 10, read wu found on the front of a Pew on the South side of 
the Chancel. 

la crown octavo, taitefiilly printed and bound, with illuitntioni, 

price 41. 64^ pott free. 

Tbe Parish Church of St. ^ary^ 


With an Appendix^ containing Notes on Whapkde, 
By W. E. Foster, F.S.A., Lond., 

Hm, Mtmber of tit SpalSng GtMtUmaii Sodety^ etc, 
London : Elliot Stock, 6a, Paternoiter Row, E.C. 1 889. 

Now ready, hellhound. Demy octavo. 260 piget, with illiutrationt. Price 71. 6^ 

Historical Notices of Holbeach^ 


By Grant W. Macdonald, M.A., 

Vicar of S. Mark's, Holbeach. 


" A perfect list of the successive incumbents is given, with interesting notes u to 
the great majority of them — ^notes, the labour of which can onlv be appreciated by 
those who have endeavoured to do likewise for their own Parish. . . . After 
all, the blemishes of this book are very few, and its good features obvious and many." 
— the Antimiay, Sept., 1890. 

**Mr. Macdooald's book is one of great merit, and thoroughly deserves the 
support of the county." — The Stamford Mercury ^ June aoth, 1890. 

" Exhibits a very large amount of carefully collected information from a consider- 
able variety of sources." — LincoItuAire Notet (Sf Slueria, Julv, 1 890. 

** Almost every page is full of interest of the widest kmd."— ^i^Afing^ Free Pretty 
June 17th, 1890. 

Lincoln : Mr. Williamson, Bookseller, High Street. Spalding : Mr. Appleby. 
Holbeach : of the Author, or Mr. Merry, Bookseller, High Street 



Writings of Richard 'Bernard^ 

Of Epworth^ JFbrho^ and Batcomhe, 

By John Ingle Dredge, Vicar of Buckland Brewer, Devon. 

Homcastlet W. K. Morton. 1890. 
Foolscap 4to. Serenty-five copies privately printed. Price 11, 6d, 

Now retdy, m wmpperSi tSBtefixUy printed, with five autotype illuttntions, various 

wood engravings, plans, elevations, &c« 

Architectural and Ecclesiological 

Notes on Holbeach Parish Church 


(Member of the Historic Society — ^Lancashire and Cheshire). 
A Smiied immbtr only fhr sak, price zs, 6dL, fottfree, 

H. A. Merry, Bcx)ics£ller, High Street, Holbeach. 

The Lincolnshire ^cord Society. 






Rev. Precentor VENABLES. 

Rev. Canon PERRY. 

The Council have now in the press, u the first volume, Hie CJinmcle of LoutA 
Park Abbey^ a fifteenth century MS., edited by the Rev. Precentor Venables. 
Considerable progress has been made with the MS. of the proposed second volume 
for 1890, vb. : AbttraBi from the BUhopi RolU of tht fkirteemtA Caitwjy relath^ to tie 
County of Lincoln^ edited by the Rev. Canon Harvey, F.S.A. 

Subscriptions for Original Members, los. 6d. per annum. 

Prospeous and Rules on application to the Hon. Secretary, Mr. Gibbons, 4, 
Minster Yard, Lincoln j or to the Hon. Treasurer, Rev. J. Clakb Hudson, 
Thornton Vicarage, Homcastle. 

Ready, with Map and Pkns, Post 8vo. Price 7X. 6d. 

Handbook — Lincolnshire^ 

Grantham, Lincoln, Stamford, Sleaford, Spalding, 
Gainsborough, Grimsby, Boston, &c. 

London : John Mubkay, Albemarle Street. 

Notices of Lincolnshire. 

Being an Historical and Topographical Account of 
SOME Villages in the Division of Lindsey. 

Demy Octavo. Cloth, 200 pp., with nine hand-coloured illustrations. May be 
obtained of W. H. Ball, Barton ; Gko. Jackson 8c Son, Brigg; and from the 
Author, J. G. Hall, 36, Gt« Union Street, HulL Price 51. 

Vol II. Part 6. 

APRIL, 1891. 

Price is. 6d. 


Notes & Queries 



T^he Antiquities y Parochial ^cards^ Family History ^ Traditions ^ 
Folkrlore^ Quaint Customs ^ &c. of the County. 

Edited by 


Great Grimsby^ 


The rev. J. CLARE HUDSON, M.A., 

Vicar of Thornton^ HorncastU. 



1 3 1 WeUcby of Welleby mat,) . . 161 

132 Some Account of the Pedigree Book 

of the Lincolnshire Gentry . . 164 

133 The Monasteries, Friaries, and 

Hospitals of Lincoln {Bbat.) , 169 

1 34 The Will of Hugh of Wells, Bishop 

of Lincoln, A.D. 1212 . . . . 172 

135 St. Etheldreda at West Halton, 

c. A.D. 671 176 

136 North Porch of Holbeach Church 177 
T37 Altar to St. Hugh of Lincoln . . 179 

138 Local Words used on the Holder- 

ness Coast 180 

139 Inquisitions, p.m., Line 1 80 

140 Dedication ot a Church at Louth . 181 

141 Tom Otter's Gibbet 182 

142 Folk-Lore 184 

No. ^ERIES. PAG». 

143 Lincolnshire Ballad 184 

144 Conger 185 

145 Fosdyke Bridge 185 

146 The Family of Meres . . . . 185 

147 Family of Smyth 186 


148 FaUingOut 186 

149 Lincolnshire M.P.'s 187 

150 The Family of Eland 188 

151 £au 188 




Lines. Monumental Brasses 65-72 

Printed by W. K. Morton, 27, High Strbbt. 

London i Chas. J. CLAaK, 4, Lincoln's Inn Fiklos, W.C« 

Lincolnshire !I^tes ^ S^ueries, 


Scale or CMAJtGU fok AlyvysTisiiaMTt. Each lOierdons — ^Wrapper, special 
tcrnu J One Page, I2«. 6</. ; Half Page, 7*. W, j Third Page, 5*. 5 Quarter Page, 41. 5 
Minimum charge for any Advertisement, not to exceed four lines, 2«. td,\ and for 
every additional line, 6d. 

To SuBSCBiBxas. UmoAttMre Nota and Sfuerks is published quarterly (January, 
April, July, and Od^ober^ at the annual subscription (prepaid) of 51. j pott free 51. ^, 
Price of single quarterly number, i«. 6d, 

To CoaaxsroNOXNTS. All communications should be accompanied by the name 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good 
faith. Correspondents are requested to v^ite as plainly as possible, on one side of the 
paper only, and not to use contradlions except where such occur in the originals, and 
to forward their communications to the Editors fir the next mimSer nei Isttr tkan 
Mtrf 14/i, otherwise insertion cannot be promised in our next issue. 

To AoYxxTisxas. linahtdirt JNota and Shieria will be found a good medium 
for advertisements of a suitable LXTxxAaY chara^r, which can be well displayed, 
and inserted at a reasonable rate. Particulars to be had of the Publisher. 

To AuTHoas, Editoxs, and Pvblxshxxs. Books, &c. bearing on Lincolnshire, or 
sabje£b connedled therewith, will if sent to the Editors for review receive careful 

BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS only (including subscriptions) should be sent 
diredl to the Publisher (W. K.. Morton, Homcastle). All Editorial Communi- 
cations, &c should be addressed to Thx Editoxs, c/o Thx Rxy. J. Clakx Hudson, 
Thoxnton Vicaxagx, Hoxncastlk. 

Thx usual SufpUmtnt of Lincolnshire Topographical Books is held over to the 
next issue. 

Wx are indebted to the courtesy of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln for per- 
mission to reproduce the sketch of the Hospital of St. GileS| Lincoln, to &ce p. 170, 
which was bought by them from the Willson colleAion. The paper mark is dated 
182X. There is a pencil note on the margin, stating that it was supposed to have 
been painted by Mr. Sugden, of Lincoln. George Sugden, the younger, was a house 
painter about 1780-85. The Spires on the Western Towers of the Cathedral show 
that the original pidure was painted previous to 1807. 

Page 143, line 7, fir I394-S» rtad l494-5« 

In crown octavo, tastefully printed and bound, with iUostntionSy 

price 41. 6d^ pott free. 

The Parish Church of St. ^ary^ 


With an Appendix^ containing Notes on tVhaplode. 
By W. E. Foster, F.S.A,, Lond., 

Hm, Member of the Spal£i^ Gentlemeilt Society^ eu, 

London: Elliot Stock, 6s, Paternoster Row, E.C. 1889. 


Now ready, hellhound. Demy octavo. 160 pages, with illuitrationi. Price 71. 6^ 

Historical Notices of Holbeach^ 


By Grant W. Macdonald, M.A., 

Vicar of S. Mark's, Holbeach. 


*' A perfect list of the successive incumbents is given, with interesting notes as to 
the great majority of them — notes, the labour of which can only be appreciated by 
those who have endeavoured to do likewise for their own Parish. . . . After 
all, the blemishes of this book are very few, and its good features obvious and many." 
— TA* jintifuwyy Sept, 1890. 

^ Mr. Macdonald*s book is one of great merit, and thoroughly deserves the 
support of the county." — The Stamford Mercury^ June loth, 1890. 

" Exhibits a very large amount of carefiiUy collected information from a consider- 
able variety of sources." — LineoInsMrt Notes & ^mriety July, 1 890. 

** Almost every page is full of interest of the widest lunA»"^-S^hRrig Free Preu^ 
June 17th, 1890. 

Lincoln : Mr. Williamson, Bookseller, High Street. Spalding ; Mr. Appleby. 
Holbeach : of the Author, or Mr. Merry, Bookseller, High Street. 

Ready, with Map and Plans, Post 8vo. Price ^s, 6d. 

Handbook — Lincolnshire^ 

Grantham, Lincoln, Stamford, Sleaford, Spalding, 
Gainsborough, Grimsby, Boston, &c. 

London s John Mukray, Albemarle Street. 

Now retdy, in wrappers, tastefully printed, with five autotype illustrations, various 

wood engravings, plans, elevations, Uc 

Architectural and Ecclesiological 

Notes on Holbeach Parish Church 


(Member of the Historic Society — ^Lancashire and Cheshire). 
A Bnuted number only fhr saJe^ price 2i. 6</., pott free, 

H. A. Merry, Bookseller, High Street, Holbeach. 

The Lincolnshire "Record Society. 

PusiDXNT : the dean OF LINCOLN. 

Vici-PaESiDXNTS : 
Rev. Precentor VENABLES. 
Rev. Canon PERRY. 

The Council have now in the press, as the first volume, The Cknmcle of Louth 
Parh jSbbn^ a fifteenth century MS., edited by the Rev. Precentor Venables. 
Considerable progress has been made with the MS. of the proposed second volume 
for 1890, viz. : Ah$traffs from the Bishops* Roils of the Thirteenth Centwy, relating to the 
County of Lincoln^ edited by the Rev. Canon Harvey, F.S.A. 

Subscriptions for Original Members, los. 6d. per annum. 

Prospeous and Rules on application to the Hon. Secretary, Mr. Gibbons, 4, 
Minster Yard, Lincoln; or to the Hon. Treasurer, Rev. J. Clabx Hudson, 
Thornton Vicarage, Homcutle. 


M^ou/ton Endowed Schools^ 

co. lincoln. 
By the Vicar of the Parish. 

8vo. 64 pp. Spalding, 1890. Post free, if. "^d. Apply to the Rev. J. R. Jackson, 

Moulton Vicarage, Spaldmg. 

Notices of Lincolnshire. 

Being an Historical and Topographical Account of 
SOME Villages in the Division of Lindsey. 

Demy Octavo. Cloth, 200 pp., with nine hand-coloured illustrations. May be 
obtained of W. H. Ball, Barton j Gbo. Jackson & Son, Briggj and from the 
Author, J. G. Hall, 36, Gt. Union Street, Hull. Price 51. 

Vol II. Part 7. JULY, 1 8 9 1 . Price is. 6d. 

V "» ' 

J, p/- .. . 

Jk4 is» Alt' A ^ ^ 

Lincolnshire " 

Notes & Queries 



T^he Antiquities^ Parochial ^cords^ Family History^ Traditions^ 
FoU^^-lore^ Quaint Customs^ &c. of the County. 

Edited by 


Gnat Grimsby^ 


The rev. J. CLARE HUDSON, M.A., 

Vicar ofThorntm^ Horncastle. 

^ ^ ^ C0t C0t ^ ^ ^ C0t Ca ^ ^ C0t^C0t^^^^^to« ^ C0t ^ ^ ^ C0t ^ ^ ^ Ca ^ 



151 WcUeby ofWclleby 193 

153 Robert Aske, or the Inturre^ion in 

Lincolnshire and Yorkshire in 

1536-1537 196 

154 Notes on the Hoase of Mowbray . 198 

155 The Civil War in Lincohishire . 202 

156 Officers' Pay, rrni^. Charles L . . 203 

157 Inquisitions, p.m^ Line. . . . X04. 

158 The Life, Worth, and Work of 

Maurice Johnson the Antiquary 205 

1 59 Catalogue of Lincolnshire Wells . 209 

160 Human Remains at Owston . . 209 
z6l The Monasteries, Friaries, and 

Hospitals of Lincoln {cmtmued) . 210 

162 Thomas Lbter, M.P. for Lincoln in 

the Long Parliament . . . . 21 3 

163 Marsh FoUc-Lore 214. 

164. Early Lincolnshire Imprints . .214 

Printed by W. K. Morton, 27, High Street. 



165 The Meres Family 215 

166 Ancient Tombs found at Wigtoft . 215 

167 The Family of Stiff 217 

168 ** As False as Louth Clock" . . 217 

169 The Wreck of the "Betsey" on 

the Lincolnshire Coast in X767 218 


170 Anns on Base of Cross in Tetford 

Churchvard • 219 

171 Lincolnshire Ballad 219 

172 Fosdyke Bridge 220 

173 Eau 221 

Reviews 222 


Lines. Monumental Brasses 73-80 

Lincolnshire V^tes ^ ^eries. 


ScALi OF Cmargis FOR Advirti8««nt8. Each inacrtion: — ^Wrapper, tpccial 
terms j One Page, izs. 6d, j Half Page, 7*. 6d, j Third Page, 5*. 5 Quarter Page, +f. j 
Minimum charge for any Advcrtijcmcnt, not to exceed four lines, 1*. 6^j and for 
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To SuBSCRiBXRS. LitKobtt/ure Nota and Queries is published quarterly (January, 
April, July, and Oaober), at the annual subscription (prepaid) of 51. 5 post free 5*. 4^/. 
Price of single quarterly number, ix. 6d, 

To CoRRXSPONDXNTS. \ All Communications should be accompanied by the name 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good 
faith. Correspondents are requested to write as plainly as possible, on one side of the 
paper only, and not to use contra^ions except where such occur in the originals, and 
to forward their communications to the Editors fir the next number not Utter tAan 
August 14/i, otherwise insertion cannot be promised in our next issue. 

To Adyzrtiszrs. Lincdmhire Notes and S^ueries will be found a good medium 
for advertisements of a suitable litkrart character, which can be well displayed^ 
and inserted at a reasonable rate. Particulars to be had of the Publisher. 

To Authors, Editors, and Publishers. Books, &c. bearing on Lincolnshire, or 
subje^s conne^ed therewith, will if sent to the Editors for review receive careful 

BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS only (including subscriptions] should be sent 
dirt€t to the Publisher (W. K. Morton, Horncastle). All Editorial Communi- 
cations, &c. should be addressed to Thx Editors, c/o Tkb Rxv. J. Clabx Hvocon, 
Thornton Vicaragx, Horncastlz. 

Thb usual Sttf^ement of Lincolnshire Topographical Books is held over to the 
next issue. 

Thx Report on the Manuscripts of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln, and on the 
Records of the Lincoln District Registry of the Court of Probate, appears in the 
lately issued Part ix. of the Twelfth Report of the HistoricaJ Aianuscrifts Camnunm, 

pp. 553-579, and form a useful Index-Guide to the contents of these two 


In crown octavo, tastefully printed and bound, with illustntioni, 

price 4i. 6d^ post free. 

The Parish Church of St. ^ary^ 


With an Appendix^ containing Notes on JVhaplodi, 
By W. E. Foster, F.S.A., Lond., 

Hon, Mtmber of the SfaURng Gentltmaii Society^ etc, 
London : Elliot Stock, 6i, Paternoster Row, E.C. 1889. 


Qainsborough Parish Agisters. 

By the Rev. J. Gurnhill. 

7s. 6d. London : Elliot Stock. Lincoln : 6xo. Galx. 


** The Monograph contains a very large amount of interesting information • . • • 
and we can thoroughly recommend it as possessing many features of far more than 
local interest." — JJnco/n Diocesan Magazine, 

^ This is a piece of good work. Mr. Gurnhill's book is of considerable interest 
to Lincolnshire archzologists, and it will be well to remind them that only 260 copies 
have been printed." — Academy, 

*' This is no transcript, but a careful, and at the same time interesting, account of 
the voluminous Register-Books of the Parish of Gainsborough. Those who are 
specially interested in Parish Register lore would do well to purchase this book." — 

"A great debt of gratitude is due to Mr. Gurnhill for his labour of love, which is 
marked by accuracy of detail, and antiquarian erudition." — Church Times, 

**We recommend all students of history or folk-lore to secure a copy of this book, 
wherein they will find much out-of-the-way and curious information." — Hull Critic, 

Ready, with Map and Plans, Post 8vo. Price 7X. 6d. 

Handbook — Lincolnshire^ 

Grantham, Lincoln, Stamford, Sleaford, Spalding, 
Gainsborough, Grimsby, Boston, &c. 

London ; Jorm Muuat, Albemarle Street.