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Full text of "List of Malay Plant Names"

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11 

342 223 




HARVARD UNIVERSITY 
LIBRARY 

OF THE 

GRAY HERBARIUM 






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[No. 


30. J 


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JOURNAL 




V , • 


OF 


THE 


1 . 


STRAITS 


BRANCH 


1 

1 

1 


OF 


THE 



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Royal Asiatic Society 






JULY, 1897. 



Agents of the Society : 

J London and Americ* ... ' TstiBKCt & Co. 

Paris ^ ... Ebkkst Leroux & Cib. 

I Gt>rmanj Otto Harbaksowiti, L«i|wig. 

1 ' • ■ 



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{ 

1 



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. TABIDS OF COfiTEfiTS. 

Rules of the Society •.. ... ... ... v. 

Council for 1897 .. ... ... ... ... iv. 

List of Members for 1897 ... ... ... ... x. 

Proceedings of Annual General Meeting ... ... xv. 

In Memoriara Reinhold Eknst Rost ... ... xix. 

UoN. H. O'Brien ... ... ... ... Jtix. 

IION. MaHTIN LISTEK ... ... ... XX. 

H. Vaughan Stevens ..." ... . xxi. 

Treasurers Cash accounts for 1896 ... . . ... xxii. 



A Vocabulary of the Dusun Dialect,-r- 

by the Rev. Dr, H. L. E, Luering ... ... 1 

List of Malay Plant Names ^ 

by H. N. Ridley. ... ... 31 

An account of the Cultivation of Rice in Malacca, by . 
Incbe Muhammad Jafar^ contributed by 
E. J/j^ Merewether^ with a translation by 
C. O. Blagden . . ... ... ... 285 

Occasional Notes — 

Protective Charm ... ... ... .. 999 

Earthquakes ... ... «.. ... .. 999 

The South ... ... ... ... ... 999 

.Names of Months ... .;. ... ... 999 

Benzoin ... ... ... 999 

Batera Guru ... ... * ... ... ... 999 

Calauthe vestita Lindl. in Selangor ... . ...'999 * 

Bbriah ... .^. ... ... 999 



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The Society is still in possession of a considerable stock 
of the back numbers of its Journal. 

Members can be supplied with them at the rate of 
fifty cents a number to complete their sets. Application 
should be made to the Honorary Secretary. 



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R U L IS 8 

OF THE 

STRAITS ASIATIC SOCIETY. 



I.— Name and Objects. 

1.— The uatue of the Society shall be '*TuE SXUAITS 
Asiatic Society.- 

2, — Tlie objects of the Society shall be — 

a. The investigation of subjects connected with the 
Straits of Malacca and the neighbouring Coun« 
tries. 
6. The publication of papers in a Journal, 
c. The formation of a Library of books bearing on 
the objects of the Society. 

n.— Memberahip. 

3. — Members shall be classed as Ordinary and Honorary. 

4. — Ordinary Members shall pay an annual subscription of 
$5, payable in advance on the 1st January of each year. Mem* 
bers shall be allowed to compound for life membership of the 
Society on payment of $50. 

jS. — Honorary Members shall pay no subscription. 

6. — On or about the SOth June of every year, the Honor- 
ary Treasurer shall prepare a list of those Members whose sub- 
scriptions for the current year remain unpaid, and such persons 
shall be deemed to have resigned their Membership. But the 
operation of this rule, in any particular case, may be suspended 
by a vote of the Council of the Society. Xo member shall 
receive a copy of the Journal or other publications of the 
Society until his subscription for the current year has been 
paid. 

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▼L 



RULES. 



7. — Candidates for admis^iioii as Members shall be propos- 
ed by oue and seconded by anotiier niember of the Society, and 
if ag^reed to by a majority of the Council shall be deemed to be 
duly elected. 

8. — Honorary Members must be proposed for election by 
the Council at a general meeting of the Society. 

III.— OfBceps. 

9.— llie Officers of the Society shall be:— 
A President ; 
Two Vice-Presidents, one of whom shall be selected 

from amongst the members resident in Penang ; 
An Ilonorary SecTetary and Librarian ; 
An Honorary Treasurer ; and 
Five Councillors. 
These Officers shall hold office until their successors are 
chosen. 

10. — Vacancies in the above offices shall be tilled for the 
current year by a vote of tlie remaining Officers. 

IV.— Council. 

11. — The Council of the Society shall be composed of the 
Officers for the current year, and its duties shall be : — 

ci« To administer the affairs, property and trusts 
of the Society. 

b. To elect ordmary members and recommend Hon- 

orary members for election by the Society. 

c. To decide on the eligibility of papers to be read 

before general meetings. 
iL To select papers for publication in the Journal, 

and to supervise the printing and distribution of 

the said Journal, 
e. To select and purchase books for the Library. 
/. To accept or decline donations on behalf of the 

Society. 
y. To present to the Annual Meeting at the expira- 

Uou of tlieir term of office a Report of the 

proceedings and condition of ilm^Sodety 

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RULES. Tii. 

12. — The Council shall meet for the trans«action of busi- 
ness once a month, or oftener if necessary. At Council meet- 
ings, three Officers shall constitute a quorum. 

13. — The Council shall have authority, subject to con- 
firmation by a general meeting, to make and enforce such 
by-laws and regulations for the proper conduct of the 
Society*s affairs as may, from time to time, be expedient 

v.— Meetings. 

14. — The Annual General Meeting shall be held in January 
of each year. 

1.5. — General Meetings shall he held, when practicable, 
once in every month, and oftener if expedient, at such hour as 
the Council may appoint. 

10.— At Ordinary General Meetings of the Society seven 
and at the Annual General Meeting eleven members shall form 
a quorum for the transaction of business* 

17. — At all Meetings, the Chairman shall, in case of an 
equality of votes, lie entitled to a casting vote in addition to 
his own. 

18. — At the Annual General Meeting, the Council shall pre- 
sent a Report for the preceding year, and the Treasurer shall 
render an account of the financial condition of the Society. 
Officers for the current year shall also be chosen. 

19. — The work of Ordinary General Meetings shall be the 
transaction of routine business, the reading of papers approv- 
ed by the Council, and the discussion of topics connected with 
the general objects of the Society. 

20. — Notice of the subjects intended to be introduced for 
discussion by any member of the Society should be handed in to 
the Secretary before the Meeting. 

Visitors may be admitted to the Meetings of the Society, 
but no one who is not a member shall be allowed to address 
the Meeting, except by invitation or permission of the Chair- 
roan. 

VI.— Publications of the Society. 

21. — A Journal shall be published, when practicable, every 
six months, under the supervision of the Council. It shall com- 
prise a selectaon of the papers read before the Sodety, the 

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Till RULES. 

Reix>rt of the Council aiid Treasurer, and sucli other matter as 
the Council may deem it expedient to publish. 

22. — Every member of the Society shall U) entitled to one 
copy of the Journal, deliverable at the place of the publication. 
The Council shall have power to i»resent copies to other Socie- 
ties and to distinguished individuals, and the remaining copieii 
shall be sold at such prices as the (/ounctl shall, from time to 
time, direct. 

23. — Twenty-four copies of each paper published in the 
%Fournal shall be placed at the disposal of the Author. 

24. — ^The Council shall have power to sanction the |)ub- 
lication, in a separate form, of papers or documents laid Itefore 
the Society, if in their opinion practicable and expedient. 

VII.— Popular Lectures. 

23. — Occasional Popular Ijectures upon literary or scienti- 
fic subjects may l)o delivered, under the sanction of the Council 
on evenings other than those appointed for General Meetings 
of the Society. 

VIII.— Amendments. 

2G. — Amendments to these Rules must he propoi«ed in 
writing to the Council, who shall, after notice given, lay them 
t)efore a Oeneral Meeting of the Society. A Connnittee of 
Resident Meml)ers shall thereupon be appointinl, in conjunction 
with the Council, to report on the proposed Amendment:^ to the 
General Meeting next ensuing, wlien a decision may l)e taken, 
provided that any amendment to the Rules which is to be pro- 
posed by such Committee to the (leneral nieeting shall l)e 
stated in the notice summoning the meeting. 



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THE 
STRAITS BRANCH 

OF THE 

Royal Asiatic Society 



Patron. 
H. E. Sir. Charles B. H. Mitchell, G. C. M. G, 

COUNCIL FOR 1896. 

Tho Right Kovd. Bishop (t. F. IIosE— AwWewr. 

The Ilon'blc \V. R. CoLLYRR,— FfCtf-Pir««/f/i^ybr Singapore. 

The IIon*bl6 l>. LOQKli,-^ Vice- President for Penang. 

II. N. RiDLKV, Esq.— //oiiorar^ Sfcretarg. 

J. 0. AntUONISZ, Esq.— //oiiorary Trtamrer. 

H. H. ESCHKE, EsKJ. 1 

The Hon'ble W. J. Napier, Esq. 

K. N. Bland, Esq. \ CouncHforn. 

Dr. R. Hanitsch. 

The Rev. \V. 0. Shellabear, 



/♦ ; 



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LIST OF MEMBERS. 



FOR 

1897 



ANTUONISZy J. 0., RA, 

Bampftlde, C. a. 
Barnes, W, D. 
Bartlett, R A. 
Belfield, P, 
Berrinqton, a. T. n. 

BiCKNELL, W. A. 

Birch, J. K. 
Blagden, C. 0^ M. A., 

(Life Member) 
Bland, R. N. 
BoTT, Dr.W. N. 
Braddon, Dr. W. L. 
Brandt, D. 

Brown, The Hon. Dr.W. C. 
Bryant, A. T. 
Brydges, E. H., M.A. 
Buckley, G. B. 
Campbell, A. 
Camus, M. de 
Clifford, H. C. 
COLLYER, The Honl>le W, R 
CONLAY, W. 

Dane, Dr. R. 



Singapore. 

K aching, Sarawak. 

Kinta, Perak. 

Sarawak. 

Selangor. 

Taiping, Perak. 

Audit Department, Penang. 

Penang. 

England. 

Province Wellesley. 

Singapore. 

Seremban, N. SemUlan. 

Stanmore, Singapore. 

Penang. 

Penang. 

Singapore. 

Orchard Road, Singapore. 

Kuala Kangsa, Perak. 

Singapore. 

The Residency, Pekan, Pahang. 

Singapore. 

Perak. 

Province Wellesley. 

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:-• I 



MEMBERS FOU ISdJ.— Continued. 



XI. 



Dent, Siu Alfiied, k.c.m.g. 


11 Old Bn>ad St, London, E. C. 


Dew, a. T. 


Matang, Perak. 


DUNKEKLEY, K^v. W. 11.. M.A. 


Malacca. 


DUXLOP, C. 


Powoll & Co., Singapore. 


Dunn, J. R. 


S. S. Il^e Leong^ Singapore. 


Egerton, Waltek 


Singapore. 


ESCIIKE, II. U. 


German Ck>nsu1ate, Suigapore. 


Everett, A. Uaut 


liabuan. 


Everett, II. IL 


Sarawak. 


Fielding, J. 


Scotland. 


Fort, U. 


Singapore. 


Freer, Dr. G. D. 


Malacca. 


Uestle, Alex. 


England. 


Gerini, Capt. G. S. 


Siam. 


Grauam, James 


(rlasgow, Scotland. 


Groom, S. R. 


Malacca. 


Uaffenden, John 


Singapore. . 


Uainks, F. W. 


BriUsh Nortli Borneo. 


Hale, A. 


Tampin, N. Senibilan. 


Hamilton, J. R. 


MaUng, Perak. 


Uanitsch, Dr. R. 


Singapore. 


Uare, G. T. 


Selangor. 


llAUGHTON, U. T. 


Singapore. 


IIAVILAND, Dr. 


England. 


Uawes, M. A. 


Selangoi. 


Uervky, D. F. a., cm.g. 


Buckbold Hill, 


(Iloa Member) 


Pangbounie, Berks. 


UiLL, ITie Hon. E. C. 


Singapore. 


Hose, The Rt Rev. Bishop G. P., 


M.A,,D.D. (Hon. Member) 


Singapore. 


Hose, C. 


Baram, Sarawak. 


HOYNCK VAN PAPENDRECHI 




p. c. 


Singapora 


UCDSON, U. H. 


Peoang. 


UULLETT, R. W., M.A., F.L.S. 


Singapora 


Irrauim bin Abdullah, 




Dato' Dalam 


JoborBaham. 


Jeffrey. S. 

JOAQVIM, J. p. F.B.G.S. 


Singapore. 

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MEMBERS FOB 1^97.— Contmued. 



J0UK8TON, L. A. M. Singapore 

Kegak, Paul, Trench, Trubuer & Ca, London. 

Knigut, Arthur Singapore. 

KOE, R. Kwala Pilab. 

KYKNEU6L£Y,Thellon.0.W.S. Singapore. 

LAWK8, Revd. W. G. 



(Uon. Member) 


Port Moresby, New Guinea. 


LEAtJK, Dr. J. T. 


Penang. 


Lemon, A. n. 


Alor Gajab, Malacca 


Lewis, J. E. A., b.a. 


Government Printing Office, 




Sarawak. 


Little, R. M. 


British North Borneo. 


Logan, The Ilou*b1e D. 


Penang. 


LUEUINO, Revd. l>r. 11. L. E. 


Singapore. 
Maliwun, Bunuah. 


Machado, a. D. 


MacLaren, J. W. H. • 


Singapore. 


Maxwell, Sir. W. E., 


Govenmient llouse, Accra, 


K.O.M.G. (Uon. Mem.) 


Gold Coast, Africa. 


McKiLLOP, J., P.as. 


England. • 


Meldrum, Dato J. 


Johor. 


Merewetuer, E. M. 


Malacca. 


MiCUELL, W. C, B.A. 


Dmdings 


Miller, James 


Sbgapore. 


MOOKE, Revd. D. D. 


China. 


MuNSON, Revd. R. W. 


America^ 


NaNSON, W., B.A., P.8.G. 


Singapore. 


Napier, The Hon'bleW. J., 




M.A. KO.U 


Paterson Road, Singapore. 


NORONHA, U. L. 


Singapore. 


Ormsby, 6. 


Labuan. 


(ySULLIVAN, A. W. S., B.A. 


Singapore. 


Owen, F. E. 


Kuala Pahang. 


Parr, C. W. a 


Negri Sembilan, 


Peruam, The Ven'Me Archdea- 



cou (Hon. Member.) 
RlCKETT, C. B. 

Ridley, H. N., m.a., p.l.s. 
Roberts, W. B. 



Singapore. 

Ilongkong and Shanghai 

Bank, Foochow. 
Botanic Gardens, Singapore. 



MEMBERS FOR lSd7.—Co9t(iinuiL 



Xlll 



KODGKR, J. p. 

kostados, e. 
Rowland, W. R. 
Sarawak, H. 11. The Raja of, 
G.c.M.G. (Iloiiorary 
Member.) 
Sarawak, II. H. The 

Ranee of 
Satow, Sir E. M., k.c.m.o. 

(Ilonorary Member.) 
Saunders, C. J. 
Schaalje, iVL 
r^coTT, Dr. DUKtAN. 
Seah Liang Beau. 
Sea II Song Seail 
SiiELFORD, The lIoii'bleT., 

C.M.G. 
SUELFORD, \V. 11. 

Shellarear, Revd. W. O. 
Skeat, \V. W. 
Skinner, A. M., c.m.g 
Smith, Sir Cecil C. g.o.m.g. 

(Ilonorary &[einber.) 
SoUbT, Theo. 
St. Clair, W. G. 
Stringer, C.-- 
Swettenham, The llou*ble 
J. A., o.m.g. 
Syers, 1L C. 
Talbot, A. P. 
Thomas, O. V. 
Van Benninoen van 

llELSDINGEN, Dr. R. 

Vermont, The Ilon'ble J.M.B. 
Walker, Lt.-Col. R. S. P., 

O.M.G. 

Watkins, M. J. M. 
Wilkinson, R. J. 



The Residency, Kuala Lumpur, 
Sehiiigor. 
Shi^apore. 
Rembau. 



Kuchin^, Sarawak. 

Sarawak. 

Tokyo, Japan. 
Penang. 
Medan, Deli. 
England. 

Chop "Chin llin,** Singapore. 
Chop «♦ Chin Uin," Sin^pore. 
Hroadfields, Patei*8ou Road, 
Singapore. 
Singapore. 
Singapore. 

Kuala Langat, Selangor. 
England. 
England. 

Singapore. 
Singapore. 
Singapore. 

England. 
Perak. 
Malacca. 
England. 

• 
Sindanglaia, Deli. 
Penang. 

Perak. 

Selangor. 

Singapore. 



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xiv MEMBERS FOR IS97. —CoHiinued. 

Wise, D. H. Siogapore. 

VVrat, L. Jr. Perak Museum, Perak. 



Meiiibers ai-e requested to inform the Secretary of anj 
change of addre^ or decease of members, iu order that the list 
may be as complete as possible* 

All communicatioDS concerning the publications of the 
Society should be addressed to the Secretary : all subscriptions 
to the Treasurer. 

Members may have, on application, forms authorimng their 
Bankers or Agents to pay tlieir subicriptious to the Society 
regularly each year. 



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PROCEEDINGS 

OP THE 

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETINQ 

OF THE 

STRAITS BRANCH 

OF THE 

ROYAL ASIATIC SOCIETY, 

HELD AT THE 

RAFFLES MUSEUM, SINGAPORE. 

OK 

FRIDAY, S\st JANUARY 1S9Ck 



PBESENT : 

The Right Revd. The BiSUOP OF SINGAPORE Prmdent; 
the Hon'ble W. R. CoLLYEB, H. U. EscHKE, Esq., Dr. W. N. 
BoTT, J. 0. Antuonisz, Esq., G. T. Hare, Esq., R. J. Wil- 
KiNSOK, Esq., H. N. Ridley, Esq., the Rey. \V. 0. Shell- 
ABEAR, the Rev. 0. M. Ueith, C. 0. Blaoden, Esq., C. J. 
Saunders, Esq., n. L. Xoronha, Esq., Dr. R. Hanitsch and 
E. Rostado, Esq. 

The Minutes of the last General Meeting were read and 
confirmed. 

The Annual Report of the Council was read and adopted ; 
and the Honorary Treasurer's accounts were passed. 

The Meeting then proceeded to the election of a Connal 
and officers for the ensuing year and the following were 
elected : — 

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xvi PROCEEDINGS. 



• ^ 



i 
* 



V \ 



rrf,^idfNt.— The Might Rev. the BlSITOP OF SiNOAPORE. 

Vice PrfMeut—Simjapore, The Ilon'ble \\\ R. COLLYER; 

Penomj^ DaNIKL LOGAN, Eaq. 

Ilonorarif S€Ctetarif.---C. 0. BLAG DEN, Esq. 

Jlomrartf Treasurer — J. 0. AXTllONlflZ, E«j. 

f G. T. Hare, Eaq., 
R. J. Wilkinson, Estj., 
CoMncWars. < Dr. W, N. Bott, 

I IL N. Ridley, Esq., 

1 Rev. W. 0. SlIELLAnEAR* 

The President then proposed a vote of thanks to the re- 
tiring officers and councillors, with special raference to Mr. 
11. J. Wilkinson and the Rev. 0. M. Reith. 

Mr. W. R. CoUyer seconded and tlie vote wan carried by 
acclamatioD. 

A sulvcoiumittee, consisting of Messrs. II. H. Esclike, and 
W. G. St. Glair, was appointed to confer with the new Council 
regarding the expediency of altering the results in the way 
proposed by (he late Council in their report. After some dis- 
cussion it was also resolved to refer to this committee the ques- 
tion of reducing the quorum necessary for the transaction of 
business at an ordinary General Meeting. 

The Meeting was then adjourned to February 4th. 



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PROCEEDINGS 
OF THE 

ADJOURNED ANNUAL GKNERAL MEETING, 

HFXD AT THE 

RAFFLES MUSEUM 

ON 

TUESDAY, 4th FEBRUARY, J 896. 



Present : 
The Uight Rev. The BlSllOP OF SlXGAroUE, the llou'ble 
\V. R. COLLYER, H. n. ESCHKK, Esq., W. O. St. CLAIR, Esq., 
the Rev. \V. G. Shkllauear, Dr. \V. N. BoTT, E. Ro^^TADOS, 
Esq., II. X. Ridley, Esii., 0. 0. JJlaodkn, Esq., R. J. Wii.- 
KiXiJOX, Esq., and l>r. R. Hanitsch. 

The Council and sub-comnnitee appointed to consider the 
proposed modifications of the Rules recoiuuiended by the late 
Council, reported favourably on them to the meeting and they 
were unanimously adopted. 

On the motion of Mr. W. R. Collyer seconded by Mr. J.-R. 
Wilkinson, it was decided to add to Rule 6 the words : 

'* No Member shall receive a copy of the Journal or other 
** publication of the Society until his substTipdon for the current 
year has been paid." 

On the motion of Mr. R. J. Wilkinson, seconded by Mr. 
W. 6. St Clair, it was decided to add to Rule 4 the words : 

*' Members shall be allowed to compound for Life-Member* 
'* ship of the Society on payment of §50. 

On the motion of Bishop Hose, seconded by Mr. H. H. 
E^chke it was decided to substitute for Rule IG the words: 

*' At ordinary General Meetings of the Society seven and 
" at the Annual General Meetings of the Society eleven Members ^ y 

** «hall form a quorum far the transaction of Imsiness.*" Digitized by V^OOglC 



xviu PROCEKDING& 

And to add to Role 20 the words : 

** Provided that any amendment to the Rules which in to 
** be proposed by sach Committee to the General Meeting shall 
«. ** be stated in the Notice summoning the Meeting.** 

^ The sense of the meeting was taken as to the eligiUlity of 

' ' tlie Ranee of Sarawak for Membership of the Society, and it 

was unanimously resolved that ladies were eligible, as is also 
the case in the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and 
Ireland. 

The meeting then adjourned. 



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IN MBMORIAM. 

Reinuold Eknst Rost. 

The Council of tbe Sti-aits Asiatic Society received with 
great regret the news of tbe death of I »r. Reinhold R08T, C. I. B.. 
which occurred at Canterbury, on February 7th, 1896. 

Dr. Kost, who was born at Eisenbcrg on February 2nd, 
1822, was Librarian to the India Office from 18G9 till 1894, and 
was well known as a distinguished orientalist and Malay scholar. 

lie edited for the Society the two series of Miscellaneoos 
Papers ivlating to Indo-China and the Indian Arcliipelago, which 
were published in 1886 and 1887, and in recognition of these 
and other sernces he was elected an llonorary Member on 
March 3rd, 1887. 

Oil Rost took the deepest interest in the work of the 
;^nety and many membei-a who knew him personally are 
indebted to him for his valuable assistance, al vvays given readily 
to all who were engaged in any of tlie various branches of 
research in which he himself took such a profound interest 



The Society has sustained a severe loss by the unexpected 
deaths, this year, of two valuable members^the Hoifble H. 
A. 0*Bui£K, and the IIon*ble Maktin Lister. 

Both gentlemen from time to time wrote papers for the 
Journal and contributed in no small degree to the information that 
has of recent years been obtained about t^e Malay Peninsula. 

Before the Society was founded in the year 1875 Mr. 
0*Bkikn accompanied the late Mr. Daly on an expedition across 
the Malay Peninsula, via the Muar and Pahang rivers. The results 
of their joint expedition were recorded in uie first Map of the 
Peninsula which was published by the Society in 1879. At that 
time the interior of the Peninsula was a ten-a incognita and 
the expedition was the first attempt to explore the interior and 
involved no small amount of danger and hardship. From an attack 



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XX IX MEMORIAM.— Con/f/iw«/. 

of dysentery contracted on that expedition Mr. 0*BiaEN never 
really recovered his health, .\fter a severe illness he was in- 
valided lioiue, and his name fn-st appears amongst the list of 
members of tlie Society in tlie December number of the Jounial 
for 1878. 

In the June number of the Journal for 1883 he published a 
most valuable paper on the oU^^ure nervous disease of I^tah, 
wbidi is universally admitted to be an excellent attempt to 
elucidate one of the most interesting mental anomalies ui the 
Malay character. 

In No. 14 of the Journal Mr. 0*Bkiex published some in- 
teresting notes on the History of the Constitution of Jelebu, accom- 
panied by a sketch survey of the Sungei Triang which was pub- 
lished with Journal No. 15. At this period Mr. 0*BrI£N wa< 
acting as Resident of Sungei Ujong and while so acting the 
agreement was concluded with Sir. F. A. Weld under which 
•lelebu was administered under the advice of Uie Resident in the 
same way as Sungei Ujong. 

A fall from an elephant, which bolted in the jungle with 
him, in Jelebu, led to a series of complications which teiininated 
iu an attack of abscess of the liver. From that time Mr.O'BRlEX 
was no longer capable of much physical exertion and though he 
took a keen interest in everything connected with the Society 
he was no longer able to contribute in the way he would have 
wished, namely by personal observation and exploration of the 
Peninsula. 

While acting as Col. Treasurer in 1891 some old documents 
had to be destroyed to make room for new ones and while 
investigating the blurred and motli-eaten records of 50 years 
before he came across the interesting minutes of Sir Stamford 
Raffles, which was published iu No. 24 of the Journal. This was 
his last contribution to the Journal. 

The lion'ble Mart IK Listeu, whose death took place m Egypt 
on his way home, in the spring, was also a well-known contributor, 
lie took a deep in terest in the Negri Sembilan States and what 
Mr. 0*BUIKN did for Jelebu and Sungei UjcHig and Mr. Hebvet 
for Rembau, Mr. LiSTEB did for the Sri Menanti and Johol group, 
with which he was for a long time intimately connected. Uu? 



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IN MEMORAAU— Cow/twfierf. xxi 

princi|>a1 contribution was his paper on the Negri Sembilan in 
Journal No. 19, which he further expanded in his paper on 
** Malay- Law in Negri Sembilan," in Journal No. 22. 

l^th Mr.O'BRiKN and Mr. LlSTf^K possessed to a prominent 
degree that sympathetic manner which renders Europeans 
popular with Malays, and their loss is equally mourned by 
Europeans and Natives. 

H.T. a 



We regret to have to record the deatk of Mr. Hn. Vaughan 
Stevkns, an ethnological collector in the Malay Peninsula, well 
known to Members of the Society. He spent many years in 
investigating the ethnology of the Sakais, visiting all parts of 
Malay Peninsula. His collections were chiefly sent to the 
museums of Herlin and St. Petersburg and accounts of them 
were published in the ** Veroffentlichungen ausdem ROniglichen 
Museum fur Vulkerkunde*' (Berlin), the ^'ZeitschriftfurEthuologie, 
and Archiv der Pharmacie." (1893). 

Many meml>ers will remember a very interesting exhibition 
of his Pahang collections, held at the RaflOes Library, in June 
18110, under the auspices of the President and Council of the 
Society. His illness, due to the hai'd>hips he had undergone in hia 
explorations was cf some months* duration, and he expired at 
Kuching, Sarawak, on April 29th, at the age of sixty-two. 

H. N. R. 



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». «-• 



A Vocabulary of the Dusun 
Language of Kimanis. 



Tlie Jounial of the Straits Brauch of the Royal ^^uatic 
Society No. 5 (June 1880) contained a list of Dusun wordSy 
collected by Mr. \V. H. Treac*her at the Tanipassuk riven 
The author then added the following note to his vocabulary : 
" I believe there are various dialects of Dusun, more distinct 
the more inland the tribes live. The Vocabulary is from 
Dusuns in the constant habit of seeing Inlnuns, Bajaus, and 
Brunei Malays.** 

The following lisst of words was collected in Kimanis, 
British North Borneo, in the year 1891. There is no doubt 
that the language to which these words belong, is spoken in 
various dialects by the so-ialled Dusuns of that region. They 
call themselves uhfu/i Kwhmnt and utterly deny the statement 
that they are descended from early Chinese settlers on the 
coast of Borneo which has often been made by European tra- 
vellers. Their 'language certainly does not permit the least 
doubt as to their genuine Boniean origin. In many particulars 
it is one of the oldest and purest in all Malaya. Philology 
proves in regard to its languages what botany and zoology 
has proved with regard to its flora and fauna, that Borneo 
was separated from the westeni portion of Malaya, ie.^ the 
Peninsula and Sumatra, at a very early period. This early 
separation has caused many primitive foiius of speech to bur* 
vive which have disappeared in the western territories. 

It is a cause of regret that suflicient material has not yet 
been collected or published by philologists and travellers, to 
enable us to fix beyond the possibility of doubt the position of 

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•i 

•t 

h 

I 



I:; 



J • 



2 VOCABLLAKV OF TIIK DUSCN LANGUAGE. 

the Borueaii languages in relation to the entire Malayan fam- 
ily. Yet tlie material which has U^en collected so far seems to 
indicate that such a classiilcation will not be a very diOicult 
task, llie languages of lk)rnoo proper and those of the mi- 
gratory Bajaui or Sea GipH>f and of the inhabitants of Butong 
(on the maps: Bouton) foim one distinct group, which b 
intimately related to two other distinct groups, that of the 
rhilippint and of the Sula-Amf^o'pui languages. These throe 
> groups are evidently derived from a connnon source to which 

I . the name Austro-Malayau language might have been applied, 

bad not this tern* lately Wen used to signify homething very 
different 1 propose therefore to call it the Eastern branch 
i ' of the Malayiui family* of languages. There is also a corre- 

l •. ^ponding Western branch, of which modern Malay may l»e 

: 9, regarded as type. From a comparison of these two branches 

} the Proto-Malayan language may lx» philologically recou" 

stiucted. Such a task will, in the end, prove very useful in the 
examination of the relation of the Malayan lan;;:uages to either 
the Indo-Chmese or the l*olyni»sian families of languages. 

No such conifKiri.son is [x>ssible now, and if attempted 
would only resemble the unsystematic researches of the past, 
when writers put the Hebrew or Turkish into juxta|:^sitioii to 
one or more of the Indo-Kuropean languages. 

In the following ptiges I have abstained from enteiing 
into the domain of compjiiative philology, and the ^^alay words 
have l;een given in the votabulary rather for the purpose of 
of showmg how far the Kadasan is separated from tlie fhtyiM 
franea of this archipelago. For those who are desirous of 
studying the connection between the Dusun language and the 
languages of the Philippine group I can recounnend a com- 
panson of the word:* I have given with those of the Sitiv^ 
Eng'.wh and J/ti/ay Vocabu/aiif published by J/r. 1\ If. J/aifnes 
in the N08. 16 and 18 of this Journal. 

In explanation of my statement a\>ovo, thiii>the Dusun 

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VOCAHrLAKV OF THE DUSUN LAXGUAGE. 3 

(Kndasan) la nji:nage contains some very old forma of \vord«^ 
I may l)e i^rmittod to give at least one example: 

The word for egg is: antnhhl\ which may be compared 
with Bajau Mi//f//oCbetter //w/f/o/) and Houtoii ontolo. The 
Southern Dayak form t-antcloh is augmented by a peculiar prefix 
not unconnnon in Bornean languages,* Here we see in 
Dusun the fullest form with the strongly sounded h before 
the 1, which all other I^Ialayan languages have discarded at an 
early period. Remains of it may yet l)e recognized in a* pecu- 
liar combination of sounds in some of the languages of the 
Sula-Amboyna group, expressed by Mr, A. K. Wallace by the 
letters rh. All these languages have not only preserved the 
first syllable, but have added a common prefix wi. Sula: metelo^ 
Lmxg tnuntmu Morella umntirhui, Batu-merah (Amlx)yna) //mn- 
utoiiy Lariki momaflro (Accorduig to A. R. Wallace.) 

On the other hand the I'hilippine group preserved the firnt 
syllable less carefully. Tagallo and Hisaya Ixtth have ttlog^ 

Sulu iHog, The final g coiresponds to the final k of antafilol-^ 

• • • 

while Sulu k represents only a local variation of the original t, 
as in /?/////• = /i//>j/, string, rope. In the Philippine languages 
the word can be traced back to a primitive form *it^iog. An 
explanation of the change in the first syllable may seem desir- 
able. The (HI- being short and unaccentuated gradually 
changed into en- which would be represented in Indo-Kuropean 
comparative philology asn=vowel-n. This sound always 



changed into a short vowel, mostly a, but it liecarae i in a 
good many instances. I need but to allude to Greek and IjStin 

* This prefix scciiih to have luid the character of an article. It is alw> 
found in that dialect of the Dtisun language of which Mr. W. H. Tlreacher 
has given a list of words: /u/kn . (uhUin) man, imii^A (onduk) wonuui, 
female, tinan (inan) body, tuU (ulu) head, tuntuh (antahlok) egg, Umau 

(oinau) oil, taHau (adau) sun, tUy, tainti (apoe) fire; etc. * ^^ ^ ^^T^ 

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t ^- 



r -* VOCABULAKY OF TIIK DUSUN LANGUAGE. 

i .. 

[ '; reduplications like gignodkd, to know, Latin gigno, to bring 

! forth, where gi* stands for go. 

From all the forms here given the original form can be 
derived, representing the Eastern branch of the Malayan Ian- 
guages, which in fact is the same as the Dusun (Kadasan) 
word. 

It cannot escape the readers of the following vocabulary 
^ L that the language described in this article, possesses a number 

J I of fuller forms than is found in most Malayan languages. Cf. 

: : fumuinpahf yisA suinpiih^ to swesiv; sutnakit, Mai. salrit, sick; 

r » wmduk^ Mai. fiuduk, spoon; etc., etc. 

I :' Another peculiarity needs to be mentioned, namely the 

prefix a— which before adjectives intensifies the meaning of 
the word, while in other ca^s the signification remains the 
•" same e.g.: — 

Afagut \iOS\des jhtjat (^Mal. bratf be rat) heavy. 
Apoilos „ yWoj« ('Mai. /x^</(i^^ pungunt. 
Aninel- ,, ninck small. 

• AM ., fttiok ( Trencher ) hair, etr., etr. 

Pronunciation. • 
The simple vowels have the Italian sound, only e is short 
as in Malay memmg^ or jmhtn^ v is English a in race. 

m o 

. .' a is the Swedish a, Danish aa, English aw (in law.) 

] . . over a vowel does not modify the sound, but simply denotes 

diteresis e.g. (ahoi pron. ta-ho-i. 

^ . The hyphens are to be absolutely disregarded in the pronun- 

ciation, they are only employed to separate the root from 
prefixes and suffixes, eg. m-iad must be read miad. 

The consonants have the sound now almost universally recog- 

• nized by philologists. I might add Uiat h is always 
i\ distinctly breathed, while h is much . stronger. It 

1 '. • Digitized 



YOCABrLARY OF THE DLSUX LAN(;UAGE. 5 

resembles Scotch or Swiss ch or Arabic a^' 
k is always audibly pronounced, final k is soft like Malay final 

t but somewhat more distinctly pronounced than is cus* 
tomary at Singapora 

Rkv. H. L. E. Lukuixc;, Ph. D. (SlrasslKir^.) 



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6 



VOCABULARY OP TIIK OUSUN LANT.ITAC.K. 



Kngiiith. 


Ihtfun. 


^faiay, 


One 


{.so 


esa 


Two 


lufo 


dua 


Throe 


talc 




Pour 


apnt 


ampat 


Five 


limo 


lima 


Six 


anam 


anam 


Seven 


turo 


tujoh 


Kight 


iNihlu 




Nine 


itejaui 




Ten 


liapod 




Eleven 


hapod-aiu-iso 




Twelve 


hapod-am-lufo 




Thirteen 


hapod-am-talo 




Fourteen 


hapod-am-apat 




Fifteen 


liapod-am-limo 




Sixteen 


hapod-am-auaiu 




Seventeen 


hapod-am-turo 




Eighteen 


hapod-am-bahlu 




Nineteen 


hipod-am-sejani 




Twenty 


lufo*hapod 




ITiirtj 


talo-hapod 




Forty 


apat-hapod 




Fifty 


liuK>-hapod 




Sixty 


anam-lmpod 




Seventy 


turo-hapod 




Eighty 


bahlu-hapod 




Ninety 


sejam-hapod 




Hundred 


hatut 


se-ratua 


Thousand 


sa-riba 


Digitiz??b^OOgle 



VOCAUULAUY OF THE DL'SL'X LAXliUAUE. 



10 



I'O 



Kuglifh, 


ihtitiirt. Malay. 


AUsh, to 


nialo main 


Abide, to 


ni-apiing 


Able 


Hioleli lx>leli 


AbolUli, lo 


taiuan 


Above 


safat 


Abuse, to 


inaki (.l/«i/.). (aleli 


Accept, to 


meng-ano 


Acid 


aiisoni :i!(aiM 


Acn»s« 


se-brong i>e-brang 


Add, to 


wangiin 


Afar 


sadtik 


Afraid 


nieg-auiik 


AfterwaniK 


tah«;i 


Again (Imck) 


iiie-nialik lialik 


A}:o 


*onior ( Mitl'A rah.) 


Air 


ibut libut (8tonn) 


Alike 


m-iad 


AH 


niating-ati 


Aloiie _ 


iM>-i;M) (.♦*€ : one) 


Aloud 


polkxl 


Alter, to 


uie-ohl«>n 


Aiwa}' 8 


^ major 


Am 


kemido 


1 aui 


jau kemitM) 


Auion^Ti^t 


patod 


Anchor 


s<«pok 


Anchor, to 


lemaboh berlalioli 


Angel 


malaikat(.l/if/.-.4rii^). 


Anger, angrj 


hodong 



/• 



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8 VUCAIJLLAKY OF TIIK 1)1 SUN LANGUAOK. 



:50 



10 



50 



'• \ 



Knyluk. 


Dnjimh, 


^fillay. 


Ankle 


anipanipl 




Aiiklct 


long-kaki 


vj\ kaki, (foot) 


AiMwer, to 


si^iinibAli 


vf\ senibah (to answer 


* 




ceremoniously.) 


Ant 


kililau 




Ape (oraii^-ulaii) 


•yungui 


• 


Are 


keniiao 




Aiim\ to 


kakat-on, nicn- 


kakat 


Arm 


longon 


lengan 


Anil-rill^ 


golong 


gelang, glaig 


Around 


luiueon 




Arrive, to 


kalkod 




Artful 


iHsa (J/ii/.) 




An 


iad-Olm ' 




As long vui 


almfai 




As UHicli as 


agonio, ognnio 




Atkvntl, to (h liill) niintakHil 


niendaki 


AsliHUied 


nialo 


nialu 


Allien 


aliu 


abu 


AblK»re 


liid-lindali(.vctf; 


land) 


Aside 


seiupaping 




Ask, to 


niobod 




Asleep 


niHHlols ni-odop 


At 


hid 




Aunt 


iiiai 




Axe 


pe-naliak 




liaby 


auak-uinek (sti 


; small) 


Hack 


ikud 


c/ ikut (to follow) 


Bad (wicked) 


yabad 


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VOCABULAKY OF THE DUSfN LANGrAt;K. 



9 



60 



70 



80 



English, 


Dtisun. 


Malay. 


Bag 


kalong 


karoug 


Bark (of a tree) 


kuljHt 


kiilit 


Bark, to — (to howl 






Rs n Daynk *k>g) 


nie-gugad, iue-«;'UMk 


Ba'^ket 


kapik 




Batbe, to 


me-pajo 




Battle 


memang 


perang, praig 


Be, to 


kemiso 




Beads 


nok, nuok 




Beak (bird's) 


Undok 




Beans 


kaibaug {Mai,) 




IWar 


baruaitg 


beruang, bniaig 


Beard 


janggut (J/d/.) 




I^ast 


binataug (.1/a/.> 




Beat, to 


me-mobog, bobog-on 


lk5coiue, to 


jadi {Maf.) 




Bed 


odop-on (^«<;: to sleep) 


1^ 


langau 




Beef _ 


sapi (Mai.'Jat\) 




Beetle, (rhiiioctnM- 


) kujung 




„ smaller sorts ansrkub-auffkub 


r/Vangkup-aunrkup. aiijr- 






kut-aiiRkut, the huiM- 






iiig w«»p. 


Beg, to 


nie-kianu 




Begin, to 


niula-uiula (Mai,) 




Behind 


hid-kudan 




Believe, to 


pichaya 


percliaya 


Bell 


ganding 




Belly 


tijan 


tiyan 


Belt (of wire) 


sinbing 





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10 



Vt>CABUI.ARY OF THE UUSUN LNSGUAGE. 



r 



Enylisk, 


Dusan, 


Mala^. 


Belt (otiier aort) 


ogod 




Reneafh 


hid-sibok 




Best 


wa^ik, fasik 




Better 


waslk-kapijau 




l^tweeu 


denga-tangah 


teugah-tengah 


Beyond 


se-brong 


se-brang 


90 Bid, to 


8uliu-on 


suroh 


Big 


gajau 




Bill (of biid) 


tindok 




BlDd, to 


kakut-ain, kakut- 


an ikat 


Bird 


ambolilok 


burong 


Bite, to 


meug-okot, uieng-okod 


Black 


nie-itam 


hitani 


Blind 


bohlad 


• 


Blood 


yahak 




Blow, to 


uie-uofAgi 




100 Blow-pi|)e 


. jilo, Aapok 




Blue 


otoniaiS 




Blunt 


amu-ataliuui=auiuk atabum«not sliaip 


Board 


papan (.l/n/.) 




l^t^ larjrt* 


parabu 


perahu, jntibu 


„ middle fizcd pa-karaug-un (trailed by the Biuuai Ma- 




lays pekerang-an; from karang, coral- 


• 


reef; because it 
navigation.) . 


is well suited for coast 


H (dug-out) 


gobang 




Bod/ 


ban 




Boil 


inipak 




Bone 


tuUng (J/a(.) 


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:-] 



VOCABULAUV OF THE DC6UN LANGUAGE. 



n 



English, 


Dusuiu 


Malay* 


no Borrow, to 


mohlos 




Bottle 


huak 




Bottle, 






(of eartlionwai^] 


1 gelul>ang 




Box 


kalmn, 


(cj: Uok>kieii Chi- 
nese kap-baln) 


1% 


hiangai-hlangai 


laki.laki 


BraiuH 


otok 


ot^ik 


Brass- wire 


sinsaTng, sinsing {aee : belt) 


Brave 


aslau 




Bread 


roti {MaL'ffind.) 




Break, to 


bahak 




120 Bridge 


jaiuliatan 


joniliatan 


Bright 


anafaii, hlanak 




Bring, to 


ofit-ou 




Broad 


ahlaub 




Broom 


• 
ungkaUb 




Buffalo 


sangahan 




Buffalo, male 


H. kusai 




Buffalo, female 


» 8. audnk 


i/. indok (female) 


Bug 


asil 




Butter 


mautilga (MaJ^-Port.j 


130 Butterfly 


kuli-mambaig 




Button (shirt.) 


bumban, ke-bamban* 


Buy, to 


me-mohlik 




Cake 


punganan 


penganan 


Call, to 


meng-odira 




Cane, thick 


sego 


saga 


Cane, thin 


ufal 


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'• . • 



'U 



Googk 



12 



VOCAIU'LAKV OF TIIK DlsrX LAXCJrAGK 



:■. 



f ■ 



I • 



■ ^' \\ 



Kitfftiiifi, 

Cap 

Care, to 

Carry, to 
140 Cat 

Catch, t/> 

Chain 

Chair 

Chalk, lime 

(■hanpre, to 

Cheap 

Cheek 

Child 

ChiD 
150 Claw 

Clean 

Clear 

Clever 

Climb, to 

Clot4i 

Cloud 

Coarse 

<\mt 

Cook 
16(» Cocoamit 

Cold 

Comb 

Come, to 

Come here, to 

Copper 



Dusun, Mafajf, 

tangkoluk 

paduli (^ fat, •Arab.) 

sanon 

ijoiig 

{2^ok6m-on 

rantai (^fat.) 

kursi (.\fiil'Arah.) 

apu 

me-ohlon 

imirah {Mai.) 

pingas 

anak {Mai.) 

yoivk 

send urn 

liungan 

anafaii (>?**#•: bright) 

pandai {Mai.) 

aniiu 

kain (Mai.) 

afan a wan 

kasar {Mai.) 

f*ia 

inanok-kusai 

piasau 

sogid sejuk 

siidaf 

kaikod 

raoei man 

tam\«ga (MaL) 



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f] ii !•;{: 



n)CAnrLAHY OK TIIK OrslN LANcaiAiiR 



13 



Knglifh. 


DtlSUH, 


Afahiff. 




Corn 


telus-on ^ 






Cough, to 


meg-ikod 






Cow 


sapi meg-anak 






Crab 


katam 


ketam 




170 Cry, to 


men-hlufap (cf. to 


roar) 




Cup 


inangkok (Afal) 






Dare, to 


asiau 






Dark 


niesKiian 






Da J 


adau 






Dead 


)mtai 


mati 




Deaf 


bongor 






Dear 


hogok 






Debt 


utang (Afaf.) 






Deer (rusa) 


tambang 






IHO Die, to 


patai 


mati 




Dig, to 


uie-mihuak 






Ditch 


papas 






Do, to -^ 


nie-nandak 






Dog 


asuk, asu (MaL-Jnr.) " 




Done 


udang 






Do not 


adaai 






Door 


binapangtin 






Down 


sibok 






Dream, to 


nipik 


niimpi 




IHO Dressto 


pakai (Mai.) 






Drink, to 


nu'nuni 


minuin 




Dry 


atott 






Duck 


utik 


itek 


Digitized by 


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14 



VOCABULAUY OF THE DUSUN LANGUAGK 



\ ., 






Engh'^. 


DuSUfK 


ifn/oy. 


Dust 


ansik 




Each 


tfufai-uufai 




Bar 


talingo 


telinga 


. Ear-plug 


sinibbng 




Ear-ring 


anting (AfaLJ 




200 Earth 


po-mogun-an 




Eat, to 


nmkan ( \faf.) 




Kre 


antahlok, tahlok 


telor 


Eight 


Uhlu 




Eighteen 


hapoi1-Am-bahlu 




Eighty 


liahlu-hapod 




Elbow 


siku (A/ai.J 




Eleven 


hapod-ain-iso 




Empty 


hoRon 


kosong 


End 


untok 




Enter, to 


semufaug 




Every 


s^ufai-sufai 




210 Eye 


mato 


inata 


Face 


puos 




Fall, to 


atok 




Fan 


kijup 


kirap(?) 


Far 


sadok 




Fast, swift 


sikapai 




Fast, to 


puasa (,}fal.'San9k.J 




Fat 


hlorabon 




Father 


amak 




Fault 


leka-salah 


salah < 


220 Fear, to 


"^^«^-^ Dig,t,zed.yG00Qle ' 



-.1 



VOCABULAKY OF THE DUSUX LANGUAGE. 



16 



English. 


Du9un. Maiaif. 


Fence 


ansar 


Fever 


segit-oii 


Few 


akudik 


Field 


raniiau 


Fill, to 


apanoh penoh, pnoh 


Find, to 


m-aiiu (vf. artvpt) 


Finger 


tuntoh 


Kre 


apo« a|)i 


Fish 


sadak 


230 Fish, to 


mou-jahio tnenjala 


Flag 


bandera (MuL-Poii,) 


Flame 


suuiikit 


Flat 


nioyad 


Flesh 


/ unsik, uusi 


Floor 


• 
sihiiu 


Flour 


dod6k dedak 


Flower 


bunga (MaL) 


FIj 


lAugAu (also bee) 


240 Fog 


- atufong 


Food 


lue-mukad 


Foot 


kakod (but M*e anklet) 


For 


laja iteb 


Pork 


sangkap 


Form 


iad-ku {$€€ alike) 


Foit 


kota (MaL) 


Four 


apat ampat 


FourleiMi 


bapod-am-apat 


Forty 


apat-hapod 


Fowl 


luanuk 






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VOCABULAKV OF THE DLSUX LAXGUAGK. 



/w-?: 



t .' 






; 13.' 



English. 


DusitH, 


Malay. 


Fresh 


pagok {ifee : new.) 




250 Friend 


kehuung 


kawan 


Frog 


ufak-ufak 




Pry, to 


me-randang 


rendtfng 


Full 


na-pauoh 


peuoh, piioh 


Gain 


kiuntong 


untong 


Gate 


biuapaugon, biuapaugiin 


Gem 


mauabok 




Get, to 


anu, ni-auu, {i^ee find) 


Ghosta, (various 






iSOTtB of) 


anibefo, sau joguu 




Girl 


budak -sumandakao 




260 Give, to 


ma-nahak 




Glad 


suka CMaL) 




Glai« 


kaclia p/<i/.) kai<sa 




Gnat 


naniuk 


nyaniok 


Go, to 


ni-ugad, lu-ogad 




ilo up bill, to 


uiintakad 


niendaki 


Goat 


auibiiig 


kanibtng 


Gold 


amas (MaiJ 




Gone 


na-g-ogad-na 




Good 


wasik, fasik 




270 Grass 


sakod 




Grave 


hlobuong 


lobang, (hol^) 


Great 


gajau 




Green 


ataumad 




Grow, to 


sumonih 




Gum 


katd 




Gun 


suapung (Ma).' Dutch) 






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VOCAHULAKY OF THE 1){:^{:S 


LAXiJUAGE. 1 


Eivglish, 


DusttH, 


J/o/oy. 


Hair 


abok 




Half 


!»-taiigali-taiigali. 






iiiaii-taiigah 


teiigab 


Hand 


loiigoii 


cf. lengau, (arm) 


280 Hang, to 


gipitj-on 




Halt) 


kodaii 




Hat, 8uii-liat 


tangkolok 




Hate, to 


iUuok-»agak 




He 


soii-obluii 


• 


Hear, to 


liongatt 




Heart 


aiigkautijau 




Heavy 


a-fagat 


berat, brat 


Hedge 


aiisir 




Help to 


uieii-uhluiig 


tolong 


290 Heu 


luanuk-aiiduk 




Here 


hid-te 




High 


safat 




Hill 


nohlu 




Hit, to ^ 


nesuat 




Hog 


bogok 




Hold, to 


pusus-on 




Hole 


boak 


goa (?) 


Home, at 


sahlom subUb 




Hope, to 


pichaya 


|icrcbaya, (lielieve) 


300 Horn 


sangau 




Horse 


kuda (Mai.) 




Hot (panas) 


hasok 

• 




Hot (pedas) 


a-podo6 


pedas 



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18 



VOCABULARY OF THE DUSrN LAXOTAGK. 



': M 



Kiff/litth. 


PUSUH, 




Maiaji. 


House 


»ulilab 




' 


Uow 


bengku 






lluiulred 


batus 




;H-ralU8 


Hurt, to, (wound) ne-ganil-aii 






I 


jau 






If 


jau-no-pob (?) 






310 III 


awau 






• In 


sahloni 






Ink 


dawat(.Va/.JniA,) 




Invulnerable 


kobol 




keUI 


Iron 


o 

wasi 




Wsi 


Jail 


iutup-6n 




tutopau 


Joint 


per-$aml)ong-an 


(Mai.) 


Jumb, to 


tumindak 






Keep, to 


tahu-ou 




taroh 


Key 


anak-kunclii (Mat.) 




320 Kick, to 


luengatad 






Kill, to 


pataj-on 






Kind, 8ort 


m-iad 






Kind, friendly 


kasihan (Mai.) 






King 


i*aja po-mogiin- 


An 






(see Earth) 




raja 


Knee 


otod 




lutut 


Knife 


pisau {Mai.) 






Knock, to 


dunsol 






Know, to 


apandaio 




cf. paudai, clever 


Lad 


lilangai-blaugai 




c/laki-Iaki 


330 Lake 


uapitaa 




• 






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VoCAUrLAHV OK TIIK Dl'SUX LAX(ii:A(5K. 



19 



Kniflisk 


Dtsun,. 


.}fahtf. 


Tiamb 
r^nie 


anak-ambing 
na-kimpok 


annk-kambing 


fiamp 
Land 


pelita {.yfat.'Pfrfi.) 
tindah 


tanah 


Large 
r.ate 

T^ugYi, to 
Law 

Lead (metal) 
340 Lead, to 
l.eaf 


;>ajau 

apagon 

meng-iak 

hnkum (MaK-Arah,) 

Hinampo 

potM-on 

iaun 


1 
daun 


r^arn, to 
r^ft (side) 
Leg (femur) 
T-end, to 


l>elajar ^^ral.) 
gadibang 
lx)4Sk 
m-ohloa 




Lie down, to 


hlum-uH 




Lie (untruth) 

Lime (for l)etel- 
nut) ^ 

„ vessel for 
same 


niamulud 
apu 

poan 


(luan 


350 Lip 
Live, lo 
Lock 
Ung 


numung 

mijau 

kunrhi(J/<i/..//fW.) 

hanAu 




Look, to 
l-ose, to 
Ix>iid 
Mad 


mug-ontong, meg-a 

no-hihang 

hluniufap(#y:toroar 

muhlani 

• 


ntang. 
hiYang 
) 



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VOOA«rLA«Y OK TIIK IH'SIX I.AXCl'AtJK. 



Eagfith. 


/hisun. 


Maiaif. 


Make, to 


me-nandak 




Male 


kusai ; (of men) hiangai-hlangai 


MO Man 


uhlun, ohhin, uhlu 


orang 


Manj 


ogumo 




Mast 


tihan^r 


tiang 


.^rat 


ikam 


tikar r 


Meat 


onsi 




Miglit 


kafasa 


kuasa 


Milk 


faig-do-.sii8U 


ayer-susu 


Mix, to 


ihlot-on 




Money 


wang (Mai.) 




Monkey, black 


sikok (Semnopithecus 




inaurus) 




370 Month, moon 


fuhlan 


bulan 


More 


hlabi 


lebeh 


Most 


kopijo 




Moth 


kuli-mainhang 




Mouse 


ikus 


tikus 


Mouth 


kabang 




Much 


ogumo 




Mild 


ohlommi 




Mustache 


• 
jengit 




Xail (iron) 


paku (MaL) 




:W0 (fingrer.) 


semluhia 




Xame 


ngsiin 


nania 


Xear 


semok 




Neck 


hiioiii 




Ne«t 


ynumn ^^^ - j 

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VOCAUl'LAKY OV TIIK ill'SUN LAXUITAUK, 21 



English. 


DuiUH. 


Mahx^. 


New 


fagu (c/: fresh) 


bham 


News 


habal 


khabar 


Xice 


fasik, ogingol 




Night 


9odob 




Nine 


sejam 




Nineteen 


hapod-aii]-9ejain 


» 


Ninety 


8ejatn-hapod 




:;im No 


amok 




Noise 


o jrossok- maiemang 




None 


okon 




Noon 


tangah-adau 




Nose 


■> 
adnng 


hidong 


Not 


amok 




I>o not 


adaai 




Now 


inn 




Oar 


^umajong 




Oath 


sumnmpah 


:)umpah 


Oliey 


semugud 




100 Oil - 


omau 




Old (tua) 


n)ohoTng 




Old (lama) 


abufai 


•■ 


On 


8afat 




Once 


insan 




One 


190 


4»«i 


Only 


nopok 




Open 


sebon 




• Or 


antawah 


ataii, atawa 


Other 


sufai 




410 Ouglit 


patut (Mai.) 


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22 



VOCABULARY OF THE DUSfX LAXiiCAGF. 



I .' 






>Mi 



Engligh. 


DufuiL 


Malay. 


Our 


-ja (as suffix) 




Path 


alun-alun (Jar.) 




Pay, to 


mem-lialai 


memlmlaa 


Pepper 


hlado 


lada 


Kece, one 


nopodi 




Pig, domestic 


bogok 




„ wild 


bakas 




i^geon, greoM 


punai ( J/ii/.) 




Place 


ijon-on 




420 Plain (open 






- ground) 


tindah-on (/tee : laud) 


Play, to (gamble] 


\ main, main pakau (Afa/.-Chin) 


Plough 


daduk 




Point 


untuk, untu 




Pole 


lumpo 




Poor 


misekin {Maf.-A 


rah.) 


Post 


teigi (cf: Hiaat) 


tiang 


Pot 


balanga yauptih- 


an liclan^a, blanga. 


Pour, to 


memubus 




Price 


horgo 


harga 


430 Prince 


anak-da-raja 


auak-mja 


Pull, to 


kodong-on 




Pull, a boat 


mibof«i 




Pure 


hinng-an 




Pure 




* 


(as clean water) 


aniting 




Push, to 


tukuhlon 




Put, to 


tahu-on 


taroh^^ J 

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. 



VOCABULAKY OF TIIK DUi^UX LANGUAGE. 



23 



EiujH^L 


Dusut^ 


Maiaif^ 


Queeu 


i»afo-da-raja 




Quick 


sikapai 




4 10 Quiet 


per-ingotH8 




Quit, to 


opung-ou 




Race, to 


me-loinba 


berloiiiba 


Rain 


yesam 




Raise, to 


tidong-on 




Rat 


ikus 


tikuK 


Read, to 


bassa 


bncha 


|{eady 


sedia (^fai.) 




Real 


benar (MiU.J 




Red 


oigang 




Reign, to 


prentah (Mai.) 




450 Rest, to 


sanang 


seuaug 


Rice, paddy 


pahi 


padi 


Rice, unhuskec 


1 faga« 


beras, bras 


Rice, cooked 


kauou 




Rich 


kaya (3faf.) 




Ride, to 


bo-kuda, be-kuda 


berkuda 


Right 


benar OMai.) 




Ring 


susuhlAn 




Ripe 


• na-ansak 


inasak 


Rise, to 


kakat-An 




4G0 Road 


jahlan 

• 


jalan 


Roar, to 


me-mangkis, 
blumufap 


me-mengkis 


Roast, to 


sahlih-OD 




Rob, to 


linampas 


rampaa 



l'» . 



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|t ..I t 



24 VOCABULAUV OF THE DUSUX LAXUUAGR 
\ 



Etigtwh, 
Rock . 
Rod 
Roe (fieh-) 

iioU, to 

Kooi 
Room 

170 Root 
Rope 



Dusmu 
pampaiig 
iiukud 
tahlok-^adak 

hlutid-on 

tailb 

hlauiin 

fakan 
tahli 



(iiindi* \ji rattan) kalat 



Round 
Rub, to 
Run, to 
Sack 

Sago-palui 
Sail 

Same 
480 Sand 
Save, to 

(money, (He.) 
Say, to 
School 
Scour, to 
Sci-eam, to 
Sea 
Seat 
See, to 
Seed 

490 Seek, to 



tondugu 

isu-on 

nieg*idu 

kalung 

umlHJau 

hlajak 

• • 

m-iad, wihaga 
ogis 



Malay. 



aiap 
halamin 

tali 



karong 

rumUya 

layar 



taroh 



tahu-on 

boos 

iskola (Eur.) 

i^A-on 

me-mangkis memengkis 

8afa ^ 

ikob-on 

atang-an, outoug-on 

hlinaan 

ihum-OQ ^ T 

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VOCABULAKY OF TIIK ni'SUN LANGUAGE 



25 



Rnglifh. 


Dustnu 


A}fa!aif. 


Self 


pusdson 




S5ell, to 


tan-on 




Send, to 


patod-on 




Sense 


•akal (MaL'Arah.) 


• 


Serve, to 


men-uhlong 


tolong 


Set, to 


pe-tahu-on 


taroh 


Sew, to 


tambi-on 




Shake, to 


guju-on 


goyang 


Shall 


andado 




500 Shame 


amalo 


malu 


Shave, to 


1)ngan 




Shelf 


papan (^faU) 




Shell 


tokoyon 


kuyong, tekuyong 
(a conch) 


Shew, to 


tolok-kan 




Shine, to 


anafau 




Ship 


kapal {Mat.) 




Shirt . 


kalung (r/ bag) 




Shoe 


kalus 


kans 


Shoot, to - 


me-madil 


fi-om bedil, gun 


510 Shop 


kadai 


kedei 


Shore 


tindah 


tanah 


Shot 


pilulu 


peluru, bullet 


Shout, to 


gumisak 




Shove, to 


tukuhlon 




Shrewd 


osikap 


• 


Shriek, to 


me-mangkis 


meroengkit 


Shrimp 


sesanggan 




Shut, to 


tambahlan 





r'.J 



4 



i' -iv^! 



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26 



VOCABULARY OF THE DUSUN LANGUAGE. 



.'.^i 



Ik.". :i 

I ■ 'm 



Knglitk 


Dusun. 


Mala^. 


Shj- 


amalo, amalu 


mala 


520 Sick 


sumakit ^ 


sakit 


Side 


sempaping 




Silk 


sutra (J/a/.> 




Sin 


dusa 


dosa 


Sing, to 


ber-paiitun (AfaL) 




Sink, to 


laina 




Sir 


tuan {Mai.) 




Sit, to 


mekan 




Six 


anam (MaL) 




Sixteen 


hapod-am^anam 




Sixty 


anam-hapod 




Sizfi 


gajaa 




530 Skill 


osikap 




Skin 


kuhlit 


kulit 


Sknll 


tampohong ohlu 


t/. tempurong 


, Sky 


afan 


awan, cloud 


\ Slap, to 
^\ Slay, to 


pap^n 




pataj-on 




Sleep, to 


m-odop 




'Slime 


ohloroik 




sow 


okugni 




S*all 


ninek, aninek 




540 Smart, clever 
SmarHP*^ 


osikap 




sumakit 


sakit 


SmaslC^ 


abalmk 




Smell, to\ 
Smoke 


simud-on 




klban 




\ 


Digitized b'yGoOQle 



-.1 

■I 



VOCABULAKY UK THE DUSUN LNNGUAGE> 



27 



English. 


Ditsun. 


Jfalajf. 


Smooth 


blamau 




Snake 


ubjanu, uhlanut 


ular 


Snare 


uugkasip 


cf. kacbip 


Snipe 


c 

am 




Snore, to 


tinggak 




550 So 


bengkaii 




Soft 


malua 




Soil 


tanab rMal.) 




Some 


okiidi 




Son 


auak, kusai 




Soon 


cbekapai 




Sore 


ganlt-an 




Sound 


jeobltt 


• 


Sour 


luonaom 




Sow 


bogok-onduk 




560 Spaoe 


ij6n-on 




Spade 


sangkol 


cj: cbangkol 


Spark 


lisiin 




Speak, to" 


boOs 




Spill, to 


obat 


^ 


Spoil, to 


be-karaja (lit meddle 




witb) 


be-kerja 


Spoon 


susuduk 


suduk 


Spring, to 


temindak 




Spy, to 


atablang 




Stab, to 


tebok-6n 




570 Sun 


adao 


• 


Swim, to 


kumailng 


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I '• 



28 



«VOCABULAUY OF TUB DU8UN LANGUAGE. 



? 



' l:;1 



EnglisL 

Ten 

Three 

Thirteen 

Thirty 
Two 

Twelve 

Twenty 
Very 
Water 
We 

Wear, to 
Weak 
580 Weep, to 
Weigh, to 
\Vell, of water 
WeU 
Wet 
When? 
Where? 
Which? 
Whip, to 
White 
590 WTio? 
WTiole 
Why? 
Wide 
.Wife 
Wild 
Will, to 



Dusun. 

hapod 

talo 

hapod-am-talo 

talo-hapod 

lufo 

hapod -am-lufo 

lufo-hapod 

kopijo 

faig, waig 

jioi 

pakai (Alal.J 

lamah 

mihad 

timbang-ou 

terbong 

fasik, afasik 

nagajad 

sengian 

hinombo 

jiisai 

funduk-on 

apoak 

jisai 

ngafi-ngafi 

nunu-sabab 

bajau 

andok 

ossijan 

saga 



Matatf, 



dua 



ayer 



lemah 



timbang 



c/. sebab 



endok 



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VOCABULAUY UF TIIB UUSUM LANGUAGE.. 



29 



■V- 



English. 


Dusun, 


Malatf. 


Wind 


ibut 


ribut 


Wing 


pahlapa 




Wire 


kafod, kafot 


kawat 


GOO Wise 


apandai 


pandai 


Wish 


suka(J/a/.) 




With 


kahuang 


cf. kawan 


Wood 


kaju 


kayu 


Wood (forest) 


tahluu 




Word 


pe-basa-an 


cj, bahasa 


Work 


pe-karaja-an 


pekerjaan 


* Worm 


gijok 




Worth 


horgo 


harga 


Wound 


ganit 




610 Wrong 


sahla 


salah 


Yard 


sa-tangah depo 


8-tengah depa 


Yell, to 


nieuiaugkis 


memengkis 


Yet, not- 


mopanak 




You, thou 


jiau 











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<•.,- : 



!i *' 



'.-* 



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Malay Plant Names. 

The Malay language is remarkably rich in names of plants, 
and hitherto these names have either been incorrectly determine 
ed or not determined at all in the few dictionaries in which one 
might expect to find them. This is the more regrettable since 
those names often possess a considerable amount of interest, as 
I hey often occur in Malay writings and a very large number of 
names of places are based on names of plants, such for instance 
are Malacca, Pekan, Setul, Penang, Changi, Cape Rumenia, 
Tanjong Ru, Gunong Pulai. The importance of correctly cor- . 
relating the native names of drugs, timbers and other economic 
products with the scientific ones needs no explanation. Dic- 
tionaries and Vocabularies, such as those of Marsden and Favre, 
contain indeed a number of plant names, many of which are 
derived from Pijnappel, Klinkert, and Horsfield, but a consider- 
able proportion of these appear to be Sumatran, and Javanese. 
Xor does Filet (Plantkundige Woordenboek) help much, for 
most of his Malay words are, as far as I have seen, not known 
in the Peninsula, or if they ai'e in use are applied to a totally 
different plant from that which he gives. Thus the well-known 
plant Ampalas, the leaves of which are used for polishing 
wood, is given as signifying one or other of about ten kinds of 
Hg trees, only one of which, as far as I know^ is found in the 
Malay Peninsula, while the name is generally used here for a 
climber TV^racera belonging to quite a different order, viz: Dt/- 
lemaceie. Curiously, Filet does not appear to have made much 
use, if any, of Rumph*s Herbarium Amboicense, a work con- 
taining a very large number of native namea Rumph gives a 
good many Malay names for his plants, and some c^ these are 
decidedly nearer those in use in the Peninsula than Filet's 

DigitizecyDy 



■ r- - 

. ) ■ . 
■1 ■ 



Googk 



32 



MALAY 



PLANT NAMES. 

• 



■ h. . 






Malay words. I have not incorporated these however as there 
is no reason to think that they belong to the Malay of the 
Peninsula. 

A list of Malay plant names from Maingay*s manuscripts 
at Kow was published in the Kew Bulletin 1890 p. 112-134, but 
in many cases these names were miscopied so as to be un- 
ideutiliable and in some are evidently wrongly identified with 
the plants. 

In Jack's descriptions of Malay plants (Malayan Miscellan* 
ics, Bencoolen 1820-22) reprinted in the miscellaneous papers 
of this Society, Series II. Vol. II. pp. 209-295, several native 
names are given and tliese where they are given for Penang 
plants I have incorporated, adding Jack as authority, some of 
these being otherwise quite unknown to me and perhaps erron- 
eously applied. 

From this list I have excluded some Persian and Hindu 
words, which have been included in some Malay Dictionaries 
and Vocabularies, as the plants intended either do not occur 
here at all or if they do are known under some other name. 
Javanese words usually in use here for cultivated plants, are 
excluded unless often employed, or used for well-knownp lanta. 
I have added a few words which are almost certainly Sakai, 
when I have been able to come across them. 

The list is very far from perfect, for not only have I been 
unable to procure many names from some of the Native States, 
but also a number of plants for which I have native names, 
are either as yet unidentified botanically or absolutely undes- 
cribed. Many of the timber trees and the rattans too have 
names only used for the trade product^ and it is by no means 
easy in our present state of knowledge to identify accurately 
the prepared timber with the tree from which it came, which 
often has in the jungle an entirely different native name. 

Most plants have more than one name, and many have a 

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MALAy PLANT NAMES. 33 

considerable miml»cr. This is soiuelimcs due to dia1c<'tic vari- 
ation : — thus the horse-iuango is called Bachang, Machaiig, ^ • 
llouiUachang, Meu)l»achau«^, etc., accoiiling' to locality. But- 
often Hie local names have no connection with each other, 
being" evidently derived from different roots. Again, a Malay 
may call a plant by different names according to the products 
or properties of it he may l»e thinking of: thus the Gelenggang, 
(\u<iciu alala^ is also known as Daun Kurap— the leaf for the cure 
of the disease Kurap. 

Again, sometimes one name is used for several trees with 
apparently no connection, as Kesak, which includes one species 
or more of Shoven {Dipfenwitrpetr), an oak, and one or two 
unidentifiiHl plants, the name really Iving applied to the timWr 
which in these trees is somewhat similar. It is proliable that 
in all these case^ the different Hesaks will be found to have ; ^ 

qualify hig words to distinguish them apart, but these are .' 1 

known to but few Malays. While many of the names are : I 

reuiarkably op|X)8ite others are either apparently meaning- *. * I 

lessly obscene, or their signification is quite ol»scure. I have ' i; I 

added translations of such as are translateable, but many of * * - I 

these are only tentative. • • •] 

In some cases the obscurity arises in the following way. 'I 
A plant originally receives a suitable name, .such as Ati-Ati * 

(hearts) for the garden coleus, because of its heart- shaped * • ; * 

le.aves, but some resemblance is noticed between this plant . < f 

and another {Sonen'ia) and though the leaves of this are not '. . * 

heart-shaped, it is called Ati-Ati hutan, that is to say really • / \ - 

jungle coleua The Malay has on the whole a very good eye ' * i t 

for resemblance in plants and some of his identilications are ' ; r -^i . • 

i*eally quite remarkable : thus Kerubut is applied to the liajffefin -^ 

and a shrub known as Tliottea, two utterly different looking :• . -{ 

plants to the eye of an ordinary oljserver, bu*^ which are con- ^' - ' * 't 
sidered in botany to be allied. Agab, he is seldom wrong when 

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34 MALAY PLANTI ?NAME8. 

spenkinfT of an orchid ( Anggrek) though I have more than on 
known educated Europeans sadly at fault. 

To all the names given in the list the word Pokot, tree 
shrub, must be added, unless the plant is a climber, when AL 
is used, or it is small and herbaceous when Rumput is addc 
There are several Malay words which appear to have spec 
meanings when applied to plant-names. Jantan (male) appei 
usually to mean that the fruit is less abundant or conspicuo 
in the species than it is ii) some other which is qualified by t 
name Betina. (lajab (elephant) conveys the idea of laq 
Tikus or Tupai, (mouse or squirrel) small. Uantu (gho 
corresponds to our word '* false ** as applied to plant nam* 
liutan signifies wild, as opposed to cultivated. Antan, a wc 
sometimes used, I have been unable to get any meaning f 
though tliere is a >vord spelt in the same way which signif 
a pestle : as applied to plants it seems to bear the same mei 
ing as ** false.** 
j Till we know more of the Malay and allied langua^ 

t it would be premature to form any deduction as to the ori| 

: of many of the plant-names, or their primitive meaning. So 

it is true, like Nyur (coooanut), Nanas (pineapple), Nona (ci 
tard apple), have evidently accompanied the plants from a 
and have been introduced with them, an^l in some cases no 
possibly throw light on the original home of some of the rati 
numerous cultivated plants not known to be wild anywhc 
and whose origin is not yet known. Other names have e 
dent reference to the various properties or the appearance 
the plant 

This list must be considered only a preliminary one whi 
it may l)e hoped, will be considerably augmented as our knc 
ledge of things Maiiyan increases. 




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MALAY PLANT NAMES, 36 

A PAL- A DA Ti. (Javanese) 

' The croton of gardena Codvvum rarifgaium Bl. (Ruphor- 
hiaceae.J 
ADAS CHINA. 
ADAS MANIS. 

Aniseed. Iliicium mnsatnm. (Magnoliaceae), Used in medi- 
cine. Imported. Also anise (Anethum ijraveoUM \u) 
according to ClifTord, who also gives the variant adis. 
ADAP-ADAP. 

Mnssanida variolosa Wall, and J/, glabra Vahl. (Rnbiaceae). 
Common climbing shrubs with yellow flowers and cons- 
picuous white bracts. ! 
AGALUMDT. (Pahang) 

Sphenodesma barbata Schauer. (Verbenaceae), A climbing / 

shrub. 
AGAR.AGAR 

Gracilaria lichenoides^ J. Ag. A seaweed ; collected and 
used for making jelly. 
AGAS-AGAS. 

Aporosa Maingayi* Ilook. fil. {Eupfwrbiaceae.) A fl^;rub. 
AnO-LUMUT. 

Alsodeia echinocarpa, Korth. (Violaceae), A shrub with 
viosstf fruit, the seeds used as a purgative. 

AHTCHO. rJohor) 

Myristica^ IIooLeriana Wall. (Myristicaceae.) A large wild 
nutmeg. ^ • ' 

AKAR. 

Any climbing plant The word is always used before the 
name of a climber to distinguish •(( from a Pokok of the 
same name; e.g. Pokok asamjawa*, — ^the tamarind; Akar 
asam, — RoureaJulgens^V^BW, tha leaves of which suggest 
those of a tamarind. y ' 

The word also signifies tiie root ^^A^plant. 
AKIT. ^V V 

Rhizophora conjngata Tj. (Rhizop\*^^^if,) One of the Nfan- • 

grove trees (Bakau) used for firewood, and the bark for ' ' 

tanning neta. 

^ • "* ' Digitized by V:iOOQIC I.,' 

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36 



MALAV PLANT NAMES. 



.•'■i-! 









ALAI. 

Pi'/topfwrnM (itWfn'avH't Kur/ (Lei/ftminosae,) A handsome 
tree \vi(h yellow llowers. Also known as Hatai. 

ALAI^BATU. 

/ftfdnocarptt* castaueus Hook. fil. (Hixineae,) 

ALBAN alsoIlAI.BAX. 

VfVtf.f rcjitita. Wall. (Vevhauurae.) Perhaps a variant of 
Leban; which see. A common tree in secondary jun^jle 
which is used in native medicine. 

ALL (Akar) 

Smilax mtfoaotijloni Dec, {LUiareaf.) A climber in jungles. 
The word ah' means a slin^. The plant is used as an 
aphrodisiac 

ALIYA see Ualia. 

Zingiber oj/icina/is L. (Ziuijibacctae) The cultivated ginger. 

ALUMUT. 

Ficn9 Ribes Iteinwdt. ( Uvticaceae), 

ALWAH. (Persian) 

Aloes ; used in medicine 

AMBACUANO. 

The horse-mango. Mantjifera foetida. (Anacofi^diaceae) 
More commonly Bachang, also llambachang and Ma- 
chang. 
AMUARU. 

More commonly l^ru, which see. Hibiscus tiliaceus^ L' 

AMBELAN BUAU. 

PhiUanthiiA urinaria L. (Euphorbiaceae.) A common little 
weed in waste ground ; us«?d in native medicine. 

AMBELU.(Akar) ^ ' , 

I\i/chotria orouha NOH. (Rubiaceaei A climber with small 
greenish llowers ^ '* white fruits. 

AMBIN BUAIl. (Ruo^Jl,? ^ 

IVitfllanthus wmoW/* h« (Euphorbiaceae). Also Ambin 
bukong auak, see Dukong anak. Mengambini to carry 
something slung on the back ; alluding to the fruits being 



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MALAY PLANT KAMKS. 



37 



suspended at the back of the leaves. Tlie plant is a 
comuion little weoil ; u^ed in native medicine as a diuretic. 

AMBIN JANTAN. 

Kuphorbia piluhftra \u {Kiiphorbiaccae), A comuion little 
weed. 

AM HONG-AM BOXG. 

Scaevola Koenifjii Vahl. {Goodetionae). Also anibun-auibun. 
A sea i>horo shrub with white flowers, and fruit 

AMBOXG-AMBONG LAUT. 

Premna cordifolia Uoxb. (Verhtnaveae). A shrub or small 
tree, with small white flowers in corymbs, leaves stronjjlj 
scented. 

AMBOXG-AMBOXG PUTIU. 

C'jllwarpa arborca Boxb. (Vcrbcnaccac). A tree with vio- 
let flowera 
AMBOXG BUKIT. 

JCbenmnera Qrijjithiana Anders. (Acanthaceae,) A small 
herb with white tubular flowers. Common in many jungle 
ravinea 

AMBUN AKAR. 

Hecananthus embe^cens Jack. (RubiaccaeJ) An epiphytic 
plant with white flowers in heads of purple bracts. 

AMBUN-AMBUN. 

Saevola Kocniyii Vahl. (Goodawviae,) see Ambong-ambong. 

AMIX-AMIXT 

Sebintiana chamalea Muell. {Eupborbiaccae,) A small sea- 
side herb with narrow leaves and green flowers. Csed 
in native medicine for fever. 

AM PA DAL AY AM. 

Sitiacia graiiJi/fora Kurz. (Rhamneae.) A shrub with eatable 
fruit. Lit. fowl's gizzard. 

AMPALAM also AMPELAM. see MAMPELAM. 

Mangifcra imlica L. {Anncardiaceae,) The mango, 

AMPALAS also AMPELAS. see MEMPELAS. 
Tetracera assa L. {DHleniaceae.) 



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38 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

AMPALAS GAJAH. AM'^ALAS RIMAU. 

Tetracera timaophtflla Hook. fil. (Dtlieniaceae.) A climber 
with rough leavea 
AMPALAS UARI also MAMPELAS HARI & P0LASARI. 
Alifxia ste/lata Roem. and A, iticidj Wall (Apoct/naceae.) 
The stems of these climbers are strongly scented like new 
mown hay and are used in native medicine. 
AMPALAS PUTIH also AMPALAS llARI BETlNA and 
AMPALAS TIKUS. 

DeJinia sartnentosa Im {Dilleniaceae). A climber with small 
white flowers in large bunches. 
AMPALAS WANGI. (Selangor) 

A tffxta pilosa Miq. (Apocynaceae), A climbing herb oct-urr- 
ing on hills at an altitude of 8000 feet. 

AMPAS TEBt. 

Mtjristica Onffithii Hook. fil. (}fiirisHcaceae.) Lit. sugar 
cane refuse. A wild nutmeg. 
ANDONO. 

Tlie dracaena of gardens. {Cordylvie terunnaitX) Probably 
I Javanese, but often used by Malaya 

: 4 ANDONGHIJAU. 

r I ' (C. terminalis). The g^reen leaved form. 

* ANDONG MERAH. 

The red variety (var.ferrea). 

ANGA BESA. 

Htdyotu capitellaia Wall. (Jiubiaceae) A common climb- 
ing herb. 
ANGGOR. 

i The vine, Vitis vimfera^ but most commonly wine, the plant 

I being unknown here. A Persian word. 

^ ANGQREK. 

• 1 Any epiphytic orchid, really Javanese or Sundanese but 
: 3 I . often used by Malays. The word has been used in science 
;^ ;, to form the generic word Angraectnn^ but unfortunately 

aj^lied to a genus which does not occur in this region. 
ANGGREK MERPATL 

The pigeon orchid. Dtndrolnum crumenatw^vr. {Orchideae.) 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 39 ' 

AXGGU also INGGU. (Persian) 

Asafoettda the gum of Ferula Nttrthcc. Used in medeciue, 
imported. 

ANGKOP MERAH. (Malacca) 

Cf/athuia prostt'dta Bl. (Anmrantaceae). A common creeping 
weed, 

AN(iOS (Kayu.) (Kedah) 

ChaUUtia spi Kedah (Curlis 2579) (Chailktiactiu.) 

ANGSANA. 

Pterocarpus indicus VVilld. {Leffuminosoi), This is really a 
Javanese word but much used in the Straits. The real 
Malay word is Sena. 

ANIBONG. 

Oncoaperma tigillaria (Jack). {Pahntie), More commonly 
called Nibong which see. 

AXIS (BungaAnis) 

The oleander. Nenittn oleander L. (Apocynaceae). This is 
given by Favre. 

ANTOI HITAM. '\ .^ ! 

DrejHtnantltvs p^-uniferus Hook. fil. Tall straight trees never 
of any very large size. They^are uned for timber. 

ANTOI PUTIH. * ; . f| 

DrepauanthiiS caulijlorus Hook. til. (Anonaceae). 

AOU (Akar Rumput). 

AlternantTiera sessilis Br. (Anmrantaceae). A common little 
weed with white tufts of flowers in the axils of the leaves. 
It is eaten as a vegetable. 

API-APL 

A name often applied to mangrove trees especially Lunmit' 
zera coccinea and Avicennia probably from theur being 
used as firewood. And also to various species of mistle- 
toe Loranthua and Vi»cum because they destroy the bran- ' : 

ches of their host, so that they look as if burnt 
API- API (Akar). (Malacca) [; ; 

Henslowta lA)bh{ana A Dea (Santalaceae). A climber vague- 
ly suggesting one of the Viacwns (Api-api). 

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40 



MALAY PLANT NAMES, 



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APr-API HUTAN. 

Mciu€Cf/lon coetnt/evtn Jack. {MeUmtotnaceaeJ, This proba- 
bly means merely a fire wood tree, compare Medang api- 
api. A small 'tree or ^hrub with blue flowers. 

API-API JANTAN. ' 

Loranthus ampul Ulceus Roxb. {Lorantkaceae.) One of the 
commonest mistletoes with green and yellow flowers. 

API TELINGA GAJAH. 

Ficus diversifolia l>). f Urticaceae), An epiphytic fig tree 
resembling a Loranthus in habit. Lit. elephant's ear uiis- 
tletoe. 

ARA (Akar). - - 

Ariittohdna Roxhuryhiana Kl. (ArUtolochiaceaeJ, A curious 
climber with brown fiowera. 

ARA. 

A name applied to various species of Ficu$. ( Urticaceae.) 

ARA AKAR. 

Ficus Btnnendtfkii King. 

ARA BATU. 

Ficus Miquelii King. A common tree with green figs. 

ARA BULUU (Akar). ^ 

Fivus viiiosa Hlume. A climbing fig. 

ARA BURUTEH. 

Ficus acamptoph^Ha Miq. 

ARA DAUN LEBAR. (Johor) 
Fivus vylophifUa Wall. 

ARA GAJAH. 

Ficuh dubia Wall. A large tree. 

ARA JANGKANG. 

Conocepha/us anujenus King. (Urticaceof) A scandent epi- 
phyte. It is more commonly known as Tentawan. 

ARA JEJaWL 
Ficus retusa L. 

ARA JULUTBH, also JELOTEH. 

Ficus altissima Bl, and Ficus diversifolia BL^ j 

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MALAY PLANT NAHES 4l 

ARA KECHIL, 

Ficu8 microstoma WcUL '„ 

ARA KUAP. ;. ,1,1 

Ficusdubia WalL "' ' i- 

ARA KUBANO. 

Ficus dubia WalL 

ARA KELALAWAK. • 

Ftcus globosa Bl. 

ARA KUBANGAN ARA KUBUNQ. : ' 

Ficus annulata BK • ^ * 

ARA LAMPONO, ' 

See Kelampong. Ficus Miqueliu King. • 

ARA LIDAH RIMAU. 

Ficus pisifera Wall. A shrub with very rough leaves hence 
the name <' tiger^s tongue.** 

ARA LUMDT. 

Croton caudatus Geisel, (Euphorhiaceae). A climber with 
mossy looking flower spikes* 

ARA NASI. • 

Ficus glabella B\. A shrub or tree with small white (igs, 
supposed to look like rice. 

ARA PAYA^ 

Ficus globosa Blume. A shrub or small tree with green 
figs generally found in swampy jungle, ^ 

ARA PERAK. 

Ficus alba Beinwardt. " Silver Fig** from the silvery backs 
of the leaves. A common shrub in secondary jungle. 

ARA SUBURUTER 
Ficus pisifera WalL 

ARA SIPADEH. 

Ficus villosa Blume. Compare SQpideh. [ ' 

ARA SUPUDE. ARA SDPIDE PAYA. 

Ficus pisifera WM and F.urophffllaWM. orgitizedbyGoOgk ; 



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42 MALAY PLANT NAMEa 

'; ; AKA TAMPO PINANG. ARA TANDOK. 

Ficus indica Linn. 

: _! ARA TANAH. 

; - ; Euphorbia pilulifera D. {Euphorhiacece.) 

;r\ AKANO (Kayii). (Johor) 

Maba buxifoHa Pers. abo Diosptfros Inctda Wall. {Ebenaceae). 
^,- : . Ebony t^ees, the word meaus charcoal 

• - ARDANI. (Pahang) 

Alsodeiac chinocarpa Korth. (Viohceae,) 
^ . ARU we RU. 

, , « •; ^ Casuarina equtsetifolia Forst. (Casuarinece). Marsden gives 

iArau as does Filct who however marks the word as a Rhio 
one. 
i [ ARODA. 

; -» \', Rttta graveoUns Jj. Hue. (Favra) The plant is practicallj 

.5 . unknown here l)eing only cuhivatcd occasionally by the 

• S r Chinese. I find, however, in a list by Mr. Hervey a 

S * name ArOda hutan, but with no clue to what this i& 

I • ; ASAM AKAR. (Province Wellesley). 

i : Ronrea fulgens Wall. {Co/niaraceae,) So called from the 

: 1 resemblance of its leaves to those of the tamarind. It is 

f I more commonly known as Semilat 

^ ^ ASAM GELUGDR. 

1 Garcinia atrovirJts Gnff. (Guttifcnie.) A tree with large 

.2 ' orange acid fruits used in curriea 

J ' ASAM JAWA. 

'-f • . The tamarind. Tamarindus indicus L. {Leguminosae,) 

• - • ^ Fruit used in curries. 

ASAM JAWA ANTAN. 

Pithecohbiuni contortum Mart. {Leguminosae.) A common 
tree with twisted red po'ls. 
ASAM KELUBL 

Ziiiacca conjerta Ul. {Palmae). See Asam paya. 
ASAM LOKAN PUTIII. 

MediniUa llatf^cltii Hliiuio. {Mehu^toniaceae). An epiphytic 
plant wiUi coubpicuous branches of red lories. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 43 

ASAM PAYA 

Zalacca con/erta Bl. (Palmae), A thorny palm growing 
in jungle swamps the fruit of which is very acid. It is 
sold in the markets. In the centre of the Peninsula it is 
known as Kelubi. 

ASAM RIANG (Akar). 

Cissus hastatits ^liq. (Ampelidtae). A common wild vine 
with an acid taste. Riang, a name often applied to vines, 
means a Cicada. 

ASAM SUSOR. 

Hibiscus surattensis L. (Malvaceae). A herbaceous hibiscus 
with large yellow flowers with a maroon eye. Gomnoon 
in and round villages. 

ASAM TEBING DARAT. 

Anadendron montanum Schott (Aroideiu). A common aroid 
which climbs on trees. 

ASAM TEBING PAYA (Akar). 

Itaphidophora Lobbii Hook, fit (Aroideae). A climbing 
aroid. 

ASAM TIKDS. 

Chamaecladon Onjfithii Ilook. fil. {Aroideae). A small 
terrestrial aroid common in jungles. 

ATAP CnUCHUR. 

Calamus casianeus GrifF. (Palmeae). See Rotan chuchun 
One of the few rattans which make no climbing stem. Its 
leaves are used for ataps. 

ATI-ATL (Singapore) 

The gardon coleus. C. Blumei^ etc (Lahiaiae). From •' ! i 

its heart shaped leaves. .« : 

ATI-ATI GAJAH. ATI-ATI HUTAN. 

Sonerila heterostemon Naud. {Melastomace€u). Perhaps 
from its suggesting a coleu& A small herb, the leaves 
green witii white spots, and {Hnk flowers. 

ATI-ATI PAYA. 

The common water lily, Nymphea stellatap also Cryptoeoryn$ 
cordata Griff, an aquatic aroidf 

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44- MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

ATXJN LAUT. 

IJei-itiera iittoralis L- (SterculiaceaeJ. From atung — to float. 
The fruits float in the sea. A common sea shore tree, 
often known as Dungun. 

AUR. 

A name applied to many kinds of Bamboo. Filet gives 
Atci (as Sundanese) and Aule as Amboinese. Forbes 
gives Auas Timorese. 

Al^R OADING. 

"^ BofHbii^ vulgaris var. The large yellow bamboo with 
. J'\ • \ green stripes. 

• j AURURwmpnt). 

:\| I Q^mmeiina nudifiora L. {Commelinaceae). A common weed 

' I \ yith fugacious bright blue flowers. 

I •; AYAmVyAM. (Singapore) 

%'l '* Lasi^^^^^ JackianuM Hook. fiL (Rubiaceae). A small 

. $ ' ^ jungle shrub with bright blue berries. 

i ', ' AYER ANjlrI<>. (Johore) 

i : Ilomaittmfoetidum Bepth. {Samydaceae). 

: 1 * BIBI (Rumput) 

t j Blainriiiea fatifotta A. de C. (Compositae) A common weed in 

I : villages, with small white heads of flowers, (lit. Pigweed) 

I , BABI BUAa 

1:1 Crypteronia pubescens VA (Lythraceae), A medium sized-tree 

i ■-'. BABI KDRUS. 

^J ,\ Trif/onochlatnys Oriffithti UooV. 61. (Burseraceae). Lit The 

' 1 \ V thin pig. A fair sized tree. 

\\ B A BORA. (Penang) 

' . I ; : _ Linostana pauciflorum GrifiE. {Thymeleactae)* A climber. 

-' ■ . BABUTA. 

? : . - Contraction for Buta-Buta, which see. Cerbtra cdoUam L. 

(Apocynaceae). 

BACHANG also MEMBACHANO, etc. 
j . t Mangifera fottida Lour. (Andcardiacea^. A well-known 

\ pative fruit; the horse-mango; used in curries, etc. 






MALAY PLANT NAMES. 45 

BACHANG HUTAN. 

Mangifera species. A tree with bright yellow wood. 

BAGAN (Akar). (Singapore) 

A lyxia lucida, Wall. (Apocynaceae). A climber ; often culti* 
rated for its sweet-scented white flowers. 

BAGAS PUTIH. 

Memeci/hn ^idieyi^ Cogn. {^fela$tomaceae). A small tree with 
pink flowers, growing in dense jungle. The name Ba^aa 
is probably a variant of Mangas, a common name tor 
several of the Memecylona. 

BA6HA0. 

Xyns tndica L. (Xyrideae). A herb with grassy leaves and 
a cone-like head of yellow flo wera It grows in rice fields. 

BAUAR, also BEHAR. 

Which is given as a seaweed in Clifford's Dictionary is a 
marine animal 

BAIK SALAM (Bunga). Scoparia dulcis L, (ScrophularineaeX 

A common weed, with small white flowers. 
BAKARAS. (Pahang) 

Moesa ramentacea A. de. C. (Afyrsineae)^ A scandent shrub, 
with very small white flowers. 
BAKAU. 

A name applied to mangrove trees, chiefly Rhizophoreae. 
BAKAU PUTIH. 

Bruguiera caryophyUoides^ Blume. 

BAKEK. 

Piper Chaba, Hunter. (Piperaceae). A pepper ofton culti- 
vated ; the fruit spikes are long and red. 

BAKUNO. 

Crinum asiaticum^ L. (AmaryUideae). A large white flowered 
lily-like plant; common on sea shores. 

BAKUNGAYER. BAKUNG PANTAL BAKUNG SUASA. 
Susum anthehmnticuMf BL (FlageUatieaey A common Jungle 
plant with large leaves like those of a Crinum; the flowery 
small and green in a panicle^ /^ T 

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BAKDNG AVER. 

Is also applied sometimes to Chamcecladon angustifoUum. 
Sdioit (Aroideae). A small aroid. 

BALA. 

Memecylon Myrsinoides^ Bl. {J^felastomaceae). A small tree 
with a hard wood, used for posts. 
BALAI also TINGAL BALAI. 

AraUdium jnnnatifiduin, Miq. (Aralutceae). A large shrub. 

bXlam. 

Bassia BaUmi}l\q, (Sapotaceae). A Sumatran word only, 
I think. 
BALAM. 

Pouzohia pentandra. (Urttcaceae.) A common weed. 

BALAU also EMBALAU. 

A large tree producing a good timber much in use. The 
plant has never b^n identified. It has large strongly 
ribbed leaves, white beneath, and oblong woody fruita. 

BALAU BUNOA, BALAU BATU, BALAU TELOR have 
also not been identified. 

BALAU BETINA. 

Sicintonia Schivenkiif Teysm. {Anacardiaceae). (Maingay's 
list). A large tree with good timber. 
BALDU MERAH. 

Ilaemaria discolor^ Lindl. {Orchideae). A well-known foliage 
orchid, with deep brown purple leaves veined wiUi gold. 

BALIK ADAP, 

Aussaenda rartb/oMr, Wall and A/, glabra Vahl. {Ruhtaceae,) 
see Adap-Adap. 

BALIK ADAP (Akar). 

Rnbua glomerahis^ Bl. (Riuuiceae,) A raspberry, the backs of 
the leaves of which we buif-rioloured. 
BALIK ADAP BUKIT. 

litnmiemla variabilM Ilemsl. {Rubu^ceae). A superb climber 
with star-like rod flowers turning ^^range. This species 
does not possess the white bracts oi \f. variolosa from 
which the plant takes its native name^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MALAY PLANt NAMfiS- 4t 

BALIK ANGIN. 

Malhtus Cochinchinensis, (Euphorbiaceae). A common tree 
the leaves of which are white beneath so that when the 
wind blows tboy turn and show the white backs, whence, 
the name, literally *' turn in the wind.** 

BALIK AXGIN BUKIT. 

Croton suhlyratus^ Kurz. {Euphorbiaceae). A shrub, the 
backs of the leaves of which are silvery. 

BALIK ANGIN LAUT. 

Caliioarpa ianata Griff. ( Verbcnaceae), A shrub Uie leaves 
of which are white on the backa 

BALIK ANGIN PUTIH. 

Macitraiiga ^Htpuiijolia MuelL (EnphorMaceae). A large tree, 
with entirely green rather small leaves. 

BALIK KUNINO. 

Malhtus mucroslachijus^ ^luelL {Euphorbiaceat.) A shrub, 
the leaves of which have yellowish backs. 
BALISTUR (Akar). 

Trkhosimthes conlata^ RoxU {CHCurbitaccae). A wild pump- 
kin with white flowers and sliowy scarlet gourds. 
BALONG AYAM. 

AntUestna Ghoe.^cinbUhi^ Gaertn. {^Euphorbiaceat) in Pcnang. 

A slirub or small tree. 
Also XewspermuM WatUManunij King. {Saptndaceae) in 
Pahang. A tree with sweet yellow fruit, like those of 
the Rambutan Pachat 
BALONG AYAM BATD. 

Pcntaphragma bcgoniaefolium^ Wall. (Campanulaceae\ Lit. 
Rock -cockscomb, hx>m the ifhape of the flower spike. A 
herb with cream coloured flowers; common on rocks and 
banks in jungles. 
BALONG HIJAU. 

Epiprinus maUiyanns^ Griff. (Euphorbiaceat). A big trea 
BALUNDIJAU. . 

Dysoxyhn cauNJlorum Iliem. Also Agiaia minutiflora {Melta' 
ccae). This name is applied to a number of Meliaccous 
trees, some of which produce a good second-class timber. (^ OOqIc ' < • 



48 



MALAif PLANT NAMES. 



.• '> 



'*«»• 






;:ti 



BANA(Akar). (Selangor). 

Smiiojc Ileiferif A. de C. (Liliaceae)* A climbing shrub, with 
green flowers in head& 

BANAU HUTAN. 

Phyllagathis rotundifotia^ Blume {Melastomaceae), A low 
herb with large round green leaves and compact heads of 
magenta flowers ; occurs in thick jungle. 

BANGANG. (Singapore), 

Litsea ixylyantha^ Juss. (Laurintae), A large tree with tufts 
of small yellow flowers. 

BANGAS PUTia 

Parinanum nittdum Hook, fil.' (Rosaceae), A tree with small 
drupes, eaten by children. 

BANGKAWANG see Mengkuang. 

BANGKONG also Bakung, which see. 

SustitH anthehmnticum^ Bl. (Flagellarieae,) 

BANGKUDU see Mengkudu. 

Afonmla tinctoria L. (Rubiaceae). 

BANGUS JANTAN. 

Vitex vtstita Wall. ( Verhenaceae). A small tree with yellow 
flowers; common in junglea 

BaNIT KIJANO. 

Xytopia Malajfana Maingay (Anonaceae), A small tree. 

banFtan. 

GoniothalamuB Prainumus King. (Anonaceae), 

banItan merah. 

Schonfenia J/^w/erM* King. {TUiaceae). A big tree. 

BANGKa 

Ewjenia Maingayi Duthie. (Mtfrtaceae). A fairly large tree 
with white clove-like flowers. 
BANGKU. (Johor) 

Kojma probably an undescribed species near if. arhoreKen» 
(Apocynaceae), A shrub with rather large white flowers. 

BANK. (Johor) 

Macaratuja megaloi)hyUa MuelL (E^phorhiaceae)^^^\^ 

o 



MALAY TLAXT NAMES. 49 

BANG. (Akar) 

DisMdia Rajjlesiana Wall. (Asclepimlcae). A remarkable 

epipbytic climber easily distinguished by it3 curious coni- 
cal yellow pitcbera 
Also Sarcolobtis ghbosu^t Wall. {A^clepuideat). A climoer 
witb small yellow flowers and globose fruits. 

BANTUN. 

Symplocos rubiyinosa Wall. {Styraceat). A large shrub 
With bright green leaves and white flowers. Also a spe- 
cies of Coeloihpaa {Euphorbiaceae), 

BANTUN HITAM. 

Eplpnnus Malaceiisis (Eaphorbiaceae), 

BANTUNAN. * 

Aporosa nigricans Hook. lil. {Euphorbiaceae). A small tree 
with very dark green leaves. 

BAPULUT. 

Adenosma caeruUum Br. {Scrophularineae). An aromatic 
herb with pale lilac flowers. 
BAREK. 

Antidesina Uucoclades Hook. fil. (Euphorbiaceae.) A small 
tree or shrub. 

BARONG. (Johor) 

Eieocarpus robustus Roxb. (Wiaceae). A tree with white 
flowera. 

BARU also WARU and BARU LAUT. 

(Appears as Fan and Vau in Polynesiai and Varu and Baru 
in Malagasy. Guppy. Ic.) Hibiscus tiliaceus Linn. (Mai* 
vaceaeX A seashore tree, the wood used for various small 
articles, and the bast as fibre. The name is also some- 
times applied, perhaps by error, to Tbespesia populnea L. 
a seashore tree much resembling it 

BARU CHINA. 

Artemisia vulgaris L. (jCompositae). The common worm- 
wood which is often cultivated by tlie Chinese. * - 

BARULANDAK. 

Hibiscus mutabilis L. (Malvaceae). A well known ornamental >^ j j T' 

Digitized by VjOOQIC J.<u.- 



; * t . 
! r : . 






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:i ;;.: 


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50 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



shrub with white iiowers which turn red in the evening. 
BARU LAUT. 

This which is really Hibiscus tiliaccus is sometimes applied 
to Ouettarda speciosa L. {Rubiaceaey 

BARUS. (Malacca) 

Garcinia sp. (Guttiftrae). 

BATIL. 

Afangi/era /ottida Ix>ur. {Anacardiaceae). More common- 
ly known as Bachang. 

BATU. (Akar) 

Bifttneria Maingayij Hook. til. (Tihaceae). A large 
climber with curious white and pink flowers. 
BAWAL UUTAN. 

Phyllagathis t'otundi/olia Blume. (Melastomaceae). 
BAWANO. 

An onion or leek. 

BAVVANO BKN6GALA and BAWANG BUMBB 

Are large-sized onions imported. 
BAWANG CHINA. 

Garlic Allium sativum L. (Liliaceat). Also BAWANG 
PUTIH. 

BAWANG HUTAN. 

Crinum asiaticum L (Amaryllideae). Also BAWANG TEM- 
BAGA. See Bakung and Tembaga Suasa. 
BAWANG KUCHEI. 

Leeks. ii/Ztum^rniiM L. 

BAWANG MERAH. 

Onion. Allium Cepa L« 
BAWANG (Rumput) 

Fimbnst^lis osoerHma VahL {Cyptmetoi). A sedge, the 
leaves of which vaguely suggest those of an onion. 
BAYA ROASA (Runiput> 

Corchoms acutangulus Lam. (Tiliaceae). A weedy plant 
with yellow flowers. 

DigitizecLby V:iOOQIC 






MALAY PLANT NAMES. 51 

BAYAM. 

Several Amarantaceae used as spinach are IcDOwn by this 
nama 

BAYAM BADAK. . - ;, 

Psychotna Malayana Jack. {Ruhiaceae), - r * .^; 

'* Rhinoceros spinach.** (Jack is the authority for this : V', 

name). It is a low jungle shrub with large leaves. 

BAYAM BETUL. .' : . 

Amaranthm retrofiexm Linn, according to Favre. '■-^" * 

BAYAM DURI. BAYAM HUTAN. • ' 'v 

Amaranthus spinosus L. {Aitiarmitaceae). A good spinach. •* Ji 

BAYAM EKOR-KUCHINO. -,/:*. 

Celosia cristaia L. (Amarantaceae), f^it. Cat*s tail spinach. J 

The cockscomb of gardens. ' . • ]"*• 

BAYAM MERAH. 7 r I* 

Amaranthus gangeticut L. (Amarantaceae), The red leaved /^ v 

spinach. -^r's' 

BAYAM MUNYET. "Monkey-spinach.** BAYAM PUTIH. .1 

" White-spinach.** Amaranthug viridis L. (AmaranttweaeJ. : « ,' :! 

BAYAM PASIR. ' 'k ■; 

Alternanthera sessilis Br. (ilmaran/acenej. Lit. sand spinach. f -; 

BAYAM RUSA. . ' ' 

Cyathula prostraXa BL (iimaran^aceae). Lit. deer spinach. 

BAYAM SfiLASIH. . "; 

Amaranthus caudatus L. (Amarantaceae). 

BAYAS. /: 

Oncosperma horrida (Palmae). A common palm resembling ^- ' \ 

the Nibong 0. tigillariaOnB.^ but has not the droojrfng ' ' j 
leaflets of that species. It is useless as timber. . '^ 

BAYAS BETINA. ' ^! 

Pinanga Scortechinii Becc (Palmae), A small erect jungle 
palm. 
BAYUR. ;.' 

Pterospermvm Jackianum Wall. (Stercvliaeeae,) A medium ^-^ , ' v.» 

Digitized by V:iOOQIC t ' '• ' 






-y 



52 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



.»:■ 



.1 ii 






■i :f': 



-.1 






.il i: : 



or large tree with small leaves buff coloured beneath. 

BAYURBETINA. (Penang) 

Sterculia Jackiana Wall. (StercuHaceae). A small tree con* 
spicuous from its scarlet pods and black seeds, 

BAYUR JANTAN. 

Pterospertiium dit'ersifoltum Bl. {StercuHaceae.) A much larg- 
er tree than P, Jackianum with very large flowers, and 
broad leaves white beneath. 

BAYUR LAUT. 

Hentiera littoralU Dryand. (StercuHaceae.) A seashore tree 
with leaves silvered at the back. 

BEBUAS. see Buas-Buas. 

BEDARA. 

Used for many plum-like fruits. 

BEDARA CHINA. 

The jujube. Zizyphus jujuba Lam. {Rhamneae.) 

BEDARA HUTAN. 

Strychnos sp. near pubescetis Wall. (Loganiaceae.) A climb- 
ing shrub with small ovate leaves, and for astryohnos 
small fruits. 

BEDARA LAUT. 

Ximenia Americana L. {Ohcineae.) A seashore shrub with 
white flowers and small yellow plums. 

BEDARA LAUT. (Akar) 

Randia fasciculata Dec. {Rubiaceae), A common seashore 
thorny shrub with white flowers. 

BEDARA PAHIT. 

Eurycoma latifolia Jack. (Simarubeae). A shrub the bark 
of which is very bitter and used in medicine for fever. 

Also called, BEDARA PUTIH, BEDARA MERAH and PE- 
NAWAR PAHIT. 

BlDAT. 

Sonneratia acida Linn. fil. {Lythraceae). A seacoast tree. 
BEDL (Penang) 

Choetocarptu castanocarpus (EuphorUaceae)^ 

Digitized-by VjOOQIC 



\r: 



' •^;-' 



MALAY PLANT NAMEa 53 

BEDIL LALAT. 

Diospyros argentea Oriff. {Ebenaccae). Lit. flies* gunpow- 
der (or crackers). The leaves when burnt make a cradc* 
ling sound supposed to drive away mosquitoes. 

BEDURL 

Caloiropis gigantea Br. ( Asclepiadeae). The Mudar fibre 
plant, cultivated and used in medicine, and the plumes 
. of the seed to stuff pillows. 

BEGDNO. 

An Amorphophallus (Aroidcae). Used in making dart poi- 
son (see Likir). (Vaughan Stevens). 

BEKA. (Kelantan and Patani) 

Patkia Roxhurghii Don. (LegutninoMe). Commonly known 
as Petal. 

BEKA-BEKA. (Selangor) 

A big legummous tree with pale bark, flowers yellow, and 
fruit like a nutmeg. It gives a good timber. I have seen 
neither flowers nor fruit. 

BEKIL. (Perak) 

Lasia spinasa Thw. (Aroideae). A thorny plant growing in 
swamps. The common name for it is Oli-glL 

BEKWOI. (Penang) . ' J 

Cr^pteronia pubescens Blume, (Lythraceae). A common tree ' i *'( 

in Penang. '. ( | 

BELALAI OAJAH. f 

Uncaria sclerophylla Roxb. {Rttbiaceae). One of the finest . ■ I ^ 

wild gamblers, with large heads of silky white flowers. . • i . { *[ 

BELANGKAS. »^ ' * * 

Aglaia odorata Lour. {Meliaceae). A Chinese shrub with 
very small yellow flowers, sweetly scented in the even- 
ing. The Helangkas is the king-crab (Limulus). Applied 
to plants, it appears to be used for those which have very 
small round flowers suggestive of the little round eggs 
of the king-crab. 

BELANGKAS. (Rumput) ^ i 

Digitized by V:iOOQlC: 



^-"; !-• 






54 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

Afollugo stricta L. (Ficoideat). A very smi^ll weed with 
white flowers. 

BELANGKAS HUTAN. 

AUeoddphne umhtUiflora Hook. fil. (Laurineae). A small tree. 

BELANGKAS HUTAN. 

Labisia pothoina, lAndL (Afyrsineae), A small jungle-shrub 
about a foot tall, with little pink and white flowers and 
red berries. 

BELIAN. 

RuMeroxylon Scliwageri Tejsomm, (Laurineat). The well- 
known Borneo iron-wood, imported here as timber. 

BELIAN WANGI. 

Dichopsis obovata Clarke (Sapofaceae), Maingaj*s list. A 
. well-known timber. The tree also produces a good 
getah-percha. 

BELIMBINO. BELIMBINO BULUH. 

Averrhoa Bilimbi L. fOeraniaceae). A well-known fruit 
BELIMBINO. (Akar) 

Abrus precatorius L. ( Leguwinosat). A well-known climber 
with lilac flowers and scarlet and black peas. 

BELIMBINO BESL BELIMBINO BULAT. 

BELIMBINO HUTAN. BELIMBINO KERIS. 

BELIMBINO KRA. BELIMBINO PENJURU. BELIMBINO 
PIPIT. 

Connaropsis monophylla Planch. (Qeraniaceae). A tree 
with dark-red acid fruits. 

BELIMBINO KEMBOLA. BELIMBINO MANIS. BELIM- 

I BING BATU. 

*'* • Avtrrhoa Carambola L. {Oeraniaeeae). 

!j BELUKAP. 

\\ ' Rhizophora mucronata Lan. (Rhizophoreae). One of the 

'-'] mangroves. 

. ; BELUNTAS. BELUNTAS PAYA. 

: rL \\ Pluchea Indica L. (Compositae). A seashore shrub with lilac 

■ \\/!\ flowers. 

I' V r).l Digitized by V^iOOQ IC 



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. ; 


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■ i 




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^ 


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m 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 65 

BELUNTAS BUKIT. 

Ein/throxylon Burmnnicum Griff. (Lineat). A large tree with 
small deep green leaves. 

BELUNTAS PADI. (Malacca) 

CUtoria cajanaefolia Benth. (Leguunnosae). A small shrub 
with large pale violet or white flowers. Common iu 
waste country but probably introduced here. 

BBLURU (Akar) 

Entada scamUns L. {f^egumtno^ae). A very large climber 
with immense pod& 

BEMBAN. BEMBANOAJAH. 

Clvvogyne grandis Benth. (^Marantactac). 

BEMBAN AVER. fSelangor) 
Clinogyne dichotoma. Salisb. 

BEMBAN KELICHAP. (Selangor; 

CL A species with a very hard stem. 
These plants are stiff shrubby plants with white flowers. 
C grandis Benth. common in damp jungles, grows about 

12 feett all and the stems are used for making baskets* ^ ^ ' f 

C dichvtoma grows on the borders of streams and is a 
much smaller plant. The third mentioned by the Malays 
I have not met with. . 

BEMBARU. see BARU. 

BENAK. ^ ;v[ 

Kurrimia paniculata Wall. (Ce/custn'neae). A medium sized . | 

tree, see Biko-biko. . . ; i 

BENALU also • i 



! . * , 



I 



I. 



i 



BENDALU, BEXDALU-BENDALU, SANALU and BE- f ^ 

NELU. see Dalu-Dalu and Mendaln. 
Hensiowia Lobbiana A. De C. (Santalaceae). A common half 

climbing shrub with red berries, occurring usually on the 

seacoast 

BENALU API. 

Loranthus crassus. Hook, fit and L. ferrugineus ICq. (£o- 
ranihacetu). The word appears to be used for several of ' ' ' 

the broad-leaved mistletoes. ^ , '- : 

Digitized by V:iOOQIC: ^..j- 



\ ■ 



•.:f 



66 MALAY PLANT NAMEa 

BENGKAL. BENGKAL PAYA. 

CtHolophon par vif alius Oliv. {Olacineae). A large tree. 
BENGKAL BUKIT. 

Mastixia Junghuhniana Miq. (Cornaceae), A tree with 
greenish white flowers. 

BENGKAWAN6. 

Oleichenia linearis {Fiiices). (Clifford's Dictionary). The 
. I common fern known also as Resam. 

: , BBNGKUANG also SEN0KUAN6. 

.i PachyrrhizuB angulatus Rich. {Legumnasae), The yam 

ik; . - . bean, often cultivated. 

*' " BENDT PAYA. 

^ PUrnandi'a caerultscens^ Jack. (MelastotiKtceae). 

BERANQAS. 
*; Chestnut. {Castanopsis). 

BBRANGAN ANTAN. 

Quercus oidocarpa Korth. 

BERANGAN BABI. 

Oaks. Querctts spp. Commonly used for Quercus laniponga, 
Miq., Q. RassOf Miq., etc 

BERANGAN BABI HDTAN. 
Querela encleisocarpa Korth. 

BERANGAN DURl. 

Castanopsis Javanica Dec {Cupui\fera€). 

BERANGAN GAJAH. 

Castanopsis sp. A chestnut with a single very large 
oblong seed which is used in medicine as a purgative. 

BERANGAN PADL 

Qiurcus spicata L. An oak with large spikes of acorns. 

BERANGAN PAPAN, 

Castanopsii HulUtti King. 

BEREKSA. Also BIRAKSA and BREKSA. 
' ^\* Cassia Jistula L, (LeguMtnosas). 

BERINGIN. #ee WARINGIN. 

FicHS Be^famina L. (Urticaaas). ^ j 

Digitized b^V^OOQlC 






I 






MALAY PLANT NAMES. 57. 

BERIXGIN. (Akar^ 

F, pwfem Wall. 
BERTAM. 

Eugeissoiui tristis Griff. (Pnlmae). The 8plit leaf -stalks are 
used for making chicks. * « . 

BEKTIS. (Selangor) 

Pf'i/i'Itotria />oltfc<n'ihi Miij. ( Rubiaceae) . Climber with small 
white flowers, and conspicuous white berries. 

BERrBONG. 

Adina rubescetis Uemsl. ( RtibiaceaeJ, 

BERUMBONG BUKIT. 

Ditabioiga sonneratioults Ilam. {Li/thraceae). A laige tree. 

BERUXUS. (Akar) 

yEschymtnthm raiUcatuf Jack. *( Oesii4:vaceae). A climbing 
epiphyte with scarlet tubular flowers. 

BESrMBONG. (Malacca) 

Mallotus inacvostachjtts Mu^U. (Euphorbiactae). 

BETARI. BATARI. 

Sorijhum saccharatum lu {Gramnene), A grass cultivated 
sometimes for its grain. ^ 

BETI-BETl. 

Eugenia ztglanka L. {^fl/^'tac€ae) set Nasi-Nasi. 

BETI PAY A. • ^ : ; /. 

Eugenia species. ^ • ^ 

BETIK. "* * :\:' • 

The papaya. Cavica papaya h* (Papayactae). " i 

BETIK BELULAXG. . ^ ' 

A hard variety. * ! i 

BETIK BUBOR. 

A soft variety. ^ 

BETIK RAMBAI. 

The hermaphrodite form. 

BETUTU. (Malacca) 

Eurga acuminata L. (Ternstroemiaceae). A small tree* com* 
mon in secondary jungle. 



Digitized by V:iOOQIC ; -' ' ■ 



ft' 



p' 



68 MALAT PLANT NAMES. 

BEU. (Rumput) (Singapore) 

EcHpta alba L. {CompositaeJ. A small white-flowered 
weed. 

BHOI. 

KoHchtna Oiij/tMiVf/i^ Piancii. (Lineoe.) Probably a Sakai 
word; given me bj Professor Vaughan-Sterens. The 
plant is also known as Ipoh akar putih, which see. 

BIAK. (Perak) 

Mitt-agifHe sptcioM Korth. (Rubiaceae}. Leaves used as a 
substitute for opium in Perak, according to Mr. Wraj. 

BIAWAK RIMBA- 

Kugtnia sp. (Mjfrtaceaty 

BIDATA. 

Sofineratia aeida Linn fil* (Lyihraceae)* Favre and Filet 
both g^ve this. I have not met with it 

BIDIS. (Rumput) 

Panicum ittdicum L. {Oramineaey 

BIJAN. 

Sesatnum itidieum De CasiA. (Pedalineae), The cultivated 
plant which produces the Til-seed. 

BIJL (Akar) (Jobor) 

Rouehtria Qriffithii Planch. {Lineae). 

BIKO-BIKa 

Kurrimia panicukUa Wall (Celoitrineae). 

BILA. 

The BUel tree. AegU ilarmelos Corr. (Rutaceae), Some- 
times cultivated. 

BILIS JANTAN. (Rumput) 

Cifpenu haspan L. (CyperaceaiJ. 

filNASA. 

Plumbago roua L. (Plumbagineaek A cultivated plant with 
red flowers generallj called Cheraka. Favre gi^^ 
Binoitu 



Digitizecl'by 



Google 



La_ 






MALAY PLANT NAMES. 59 

BINCHE. (Daun) 

Lasiatithus sp. (Rxihiactae), A small roughly hairy shruh 
with blue berriea. 

BINGKIRING. (Johor) 

Oarcinia sp. {Outtiferae). An enormous tree of which I -'^ 

was only able to obtain a few fruits and leares. 

BINJAL 

Mangiftra coesia Jack. {Anacardiaceae)^ A common fruit- 
tree. 

BINTAN. 

Cerbera odollaiH Is. (ApocjfnaceaeJ also BINTARO. See 
BUTA-BUTA. 

BINTANQ MERAH. BINTANO. KUNINQ. 

Mussoenda variahUii Hemsl. (Ruhiaceaey A climber with 
red star-like flowers. 

BINTANGOR. Also MENTANGOR- 

Various species of CaiophyUum (Gutti/erae). Medium or large 

trees with bunches of white flowers. The timber of some 

kinds is used for buildmg houses and boats. 
The Calophyllums are called : Fetau (Samoa), Tetau (Fiji), 

Betau (Macassar^, and Viritanina (Malagasy). (Guppr, 

Polynesians and tneir plant names). All words evidently 

connected* •. . -x-. 

BINTANGOR BATU. BINTANGOR BESAR 
BINTANGOR BUKIT. ^ 

CaiophyUum pulchen*iiniim Wall. 

BINTANGOR BUNGA. 

CaiophyUum inophyllum L. also C. speeiaMe Willd. 

BINTANGOR BUNUT. 

CaiophyUum epectabile Willd. 

BINTANGOR MERAH. 

Calophullum \yallichianum Planch. From the red wool 
on we yonn'g leaves. 

BINTANGOR RIMBA. 

CaiophyUum maerocarpum Hook. fiL (Outtiferae.) 



jn 



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Digitized by 



Googk 



r . 

1 BIRAH AYER. 



.1 



-\ ■■■. '■ 



i.f 



. t 



eO MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

BIRAH. 

A name applied to varioua aroids chiefly wild Guppj, etc., 
gives Via (Fiji) Viha (Malagasy) Bia (Sundanese) a« 
allied words. 



Aglaonema marantifolinm Schott. {Aroideai). A large aroid 
growing in swampy jungle. 

BIRAH HUTAN. 

Cyrtosperma fasioides Griff. (ArouUae), A big aroid with 
sagittate leave:^ with prickly petioles; growing in swamps. 

BIRAH KECHIL. 

Tjfphonium iUvarkat urn Decne. (AiokUue), A common little 
aroid; growing as a weed in waste ground. 

BIRAH KELADI. 

Colocasia antiquorum Schott. (Avoidtae). The cultivated 
Keladi, widely used as food. 

BIRAH NEGRI. BIRAH NAG RI. (Favre) 
; J Alocasm viacvorrhiza Schott. {Aroideae), A large cultiva- 

^ ^ ' ted aroid. 

i \ BIRAKSA. 

I . ; * Cassia fistula L. {Leguminosae) (Favre). Evidently not a 

1 : . Malay word ; the tree is only cultivated here and that not 

:1 '. often* 

I .. BIRING. (Rumput) 

J ' Hedyoiis pinifolia Wall. (Rubiaceaf). A road-side weed with 

K«. j ; small white flowers. 

• i BIRURONG HITAM. 

'I ; , Mdastoina poiifanthum Bl. 

BIRURONG MERAH. . 

Melusioma asptrum Bl. These two words are given in 
I Cliftord^s Dictionary as Malay. Filet gives them as Rhio 

j words, I have never heard them used for the Melastomas. 

^' / which are here usually known as Senduduk, 

1 ] BISA (Akar.) 

■ ''- Sphwodesma trijfora Wight, . {Verbent^e). Lit. Poison- 

climber. Digitized by WiOOQ l€ 



1 . 



J.I 



MALAY PLANT NAMRa 61 

bitt6t. 

Camjera Rhtedit Walk, Ara {OlavtnMe). A slinib. 

BLAN. (Johor) 

Canarium sp. (Burseraceae). 

BLAY BESAR, ; /;' 

Strtfchnos pubesce)it Clarke. (Loganiaceae), A poisonous . * •! 

plant used in making dart-poison by the Sakais. ".-' ; [ . 

BLAY HITAM. ' "V 

Stiychnos Tieute Bl. {Logan iaceae). One of the poisonous •* ; v 

plants used in making Sakai dail-poison. Mr. Vaughan- * * * • 

Stevens is the authority for the name Blay. " > ' 

BLAY KECniL; BLAY MERAH. ; \ 

Outturn edule Bl. {Qnttaceat), A climl>er with rather large * :* 

brown fruits. It is used in making the dart-poison of [ 

the Sakais. (Vaughan-Stevens). • :^ . 4. 

BOBOKOR. (Selangor) ; '}, 

Litsea spi ~ {Laurintae). A tree with large ovate leaves ^ ^ *.[ • 

and round green fruits. ^* j : ! : 

BOBOREK. 

Xiinthophilhuii Kuimtkri King. {Poti/galaceae), A hand- 
some dark green tree with white flowers. 

BODI. BUDI. 

FicHs religiosa L. ( Vvticaceat). The Peepul tree. 

BOG AH. (Province Wellesley) 

CycM lUmphii Miq. {Cucadeae). 

BOILA HITAM. (Kemaman) M /i 

Zingiber Griffithii Bak. (Zin giber aceae). Vaughan-Steven • { 

gives this word. I imagine the first part is Sakai. ,; ^ 

BOKO-BOKO. * " ^" 

Knrrimia pulcherrimaWhW. {Cehstrineae)^ •'* 

BOLL . ''[' 

Parhia Roxburghiana Don. (Leguminasae). Accordbg to ^^ T "^* 

Clifford. Digitized by GOOgl^ ^ . 



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62 



MALAY PLANT NAMES 



BONDOK. 

Ouilandina bcnduc L. (Leguminosat). A thorny climber 
with yellow flowers, usually found near the sea. 
BONO.BONO« 

Caraliia integerrima Dec. {Rhitophoreae) 
BONQKAH AYER. 

Sarcocephaiiis Junghuhnii Miq. (Rubtaceae). A tree. 

BONGKONO. (Perak) 

The Chempedak, Artoearput Poigphema Persoon. 
{VrHcaceae) 
BONGOH. BONGOR. 

Lagerstroemiajloribunda Jack. {Lythraetae). 
BONGOH BALONO. 

L. hexaptera. Mq. 

BONGOH MALUKUT, 
L.wp. 

BONGOH RAYA. 

L. fio9-Rtgina€ Retx. 

BONGOH SUSOR. 
L. sp. 

The Bongohs — £a^€r#lro€mid— are fair sized trees with 
showy purple or pink flowers. They inhabit banks of 
rivers. The timber is used for boat Iniilding. 

BONGSOL 

Ooniothafamus tnaerophglluf Hook. fiL {Anonaceat) 

BONTO DARAT. (Rumpiit) 

Panicum indicum L. {Oraffiinea$y 
BOROMBONG. (Akar.) 

Taeniochloena Chriffithii Hook. fiL (Cwnaractae). A climb- 
ing^ plant 

BdTOR. $t€ KACHANO BOTOR. 

Psophoearpus tetragonolchut Dec (Legummosae), A cultivat- 
ed bean. The word is said to be a perrersion of '* bottle," 
but Rumpb gives it from die Arabic ^ofr, a lobe. 
BRAO. (Johor) 

Engtnia Sp. {Mgrtaceoi). • 

Digitized By C:iOOQIC 



MALAT PLANT NAME& 63 

BRAMBAN. 

Allium cepa L. (Pavre). " A white fragrant lilj,- (CIifford> 

BRAMBAN HUTAN, 

Pancratium ztylanicum h. {Amaryilideae). (Clifford.) Thii i« .^ j., 

really a Javanese word which corresponda to the Malay * * i 

Bawang, . . Vv 

BRAN6. see Buluh-brang. f\ 

BRANOAN. Me Berangan. «: *: 

BRAS-BRAS. . "-' . 1/ 

Aporosa Afaingoj/i Hook. fiL (Euphorhiacea€.) . .• / 

BRAS-BRAS HITAM. '% . ; "r 

Antidesma buni€U MuelL Arg. {Euphorbiaceae.) All thene .' - j^ 

plants (Bras- Bras) are small jungle trees. : ..; 

BRAS-BRAS HUTAN. - ; I 

Aporosa Praineana Hook fih {Eyphorbiaceae.) 

BRAS-BRAS MERAH. / - . ; 

Aporosa mcrocalyx Hook. fill. * } \ 

BREDIN.. (Province Wellesley) if 

Caryota Mitis hoxa. (Palmae.) .«ee Tukus. r.t •-; 

BREESA. see Bereksa. ^ '.' \ 

BRfiMl. 

Herpestes monniera L. (Scrophularineae.) A small scented 
herb used by the natives as an alterative. 

BREMI HUTAN. 

Limnophiia con/etia Benth. (Scrophularineae.) 
BRUAS. see Buas-bua& 

BRUNOIN. 
Ficus 
ary. 

BUA (Rumput) 

Salomonia cantomensis Lour. {Polygalaceae.) A little pink- 
flowered weed growbg in grass plots. 
BUAH. Fruit 

Appears as Vua in Malagasy. 

Digitized by 



r Be}\iamina L Variant of Beringiu (Clifford's Diction- 
f.) Filet gives it as a Rhio word. 



^ .- 



/Googk -^." 



i r* 



i ' 64 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

' ! . , • ■ 

i BUAH BRAS. (Province Wellesley) 

» , Chasalia cuntijiora Miq. {Rubiaceat,) 

! BUAH BUTANG. 

. t Morinda umbtlUUa L. {Rubtactae,) A shrub with orau«^e 

button-like heads of fruits. 

:: ;- BUAHKERA& 

, Y' AUnrites Moluccaniuf L. (EuphorbMCcut.) The caudle-uut. 

I 1; called here also Kamiri aud Singapore nuts. 

: > BUAH KERAS LAUT. 

* ** ffernandia sonora h. (Ldurinetie.) A large seashore tree. 

! . BUAH SUXGEI. (Selangor) 

,;• Ficus chartacea Wall (Urtkac^me.) A couiuiou little 

shrubby fig. 

BUAS rAkar.) 

Premna parasitica Bl. A climbing species. 

BUAS-BUAS. 

Contracted to Bebuas, and a variant is Bruas. Premna cor- 
difolia Roxb. and other species (Verbenactae.) Strong 
scented shrubs or trees witn corymbs of white flowers. 

BUAS-BUAS BUKIT. BUAS-BUAS PATA. 

I L Viburmim swnbueinum ^AnvrAU (Caprijoliaeeat), The plant 

. i somewhat resembles a Premna. 

1 1 BUAS-BUAS LAUT. 

Scatvola Kotnigii L ( Ooodenovitae.) A seashore shrub more 
commonly known as Ambong*Ambong. * 

. BUBONGKAL. 

Bndelia pMlahiia Hook. fil. (Euphorbiaeeae.) 
BUBULUS. (Malacca.) 

Also Bulu-Ulat Sonerila spi {Melastomactae.) A herb with 
tnnk flowers. 

bTjbGras PADI. 

Aporoia microcalux Hook. fil. {Euphorbiactae.) A contrac- 
tion for Bras-Bras. 

BUBURUS. 

Ahtonia tnacrophiflla Wall. {Apoeifnactae,) 

Digitized by C:iOOQIC 



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li 






i - 
1 . 



MALAY PLANT NAHE8 



66 



BUDI, also BODL 

Ficus religiosa L. {Urttcaceae.) 

BUJANG SAMALAM. 

Jtmieua auffnUicoaa L. (Onagraceae.) A herb with yellow 
flowers growing in swamps. Literal Ij, Bachelor for an 
evening. 

BUJANG SAMALAM BUKIT. 

Ardisia oxyphvUa G. B. Clarke. {Myrsineae.) A low. shrub 
with pink flowers. 

BUJANG SAMALAM (Rumput) 

Vtrnonia cinerea Less. (Compositae) A common pink flower- 
ed groundsel. 

BUKU BEMBAN. 

Morinda sarmentosa {Ruhiaceae.) The words also mean a . 
*< peculiar knot plaited with several strands" fClifiFoid's 
Dictionary.) Perhaps the knot-like head of fruits of the 
plant b referred to by the native name. 

BUKU BULOH (Rumput) 

Fuirena glomerata L. (Cgperaceae.) Buku is a joint or knot 

BULAL 

Oroxylon tndicum Vent {Bignonaceae.) A small tree easily 
known by its enormous sword shaped pods. 

BULANAYER. (Selangor) 

Cratoeva religiosa var. Narvala (Capparideae.) A shrub or 

small tree with cream coloured flowers and large oblong 

hanging brown fruits said to be poisonous. 
Another plant called Bulan betul appears to be a Cratoeva 

but the fruit is said to be red. 

BULAN MUDU (Akar.) 

Rubiis glomercUuM Lind. (Rosaceae.) The common wild rasp- 
berry. 

BULANG or BULANGAN. 
BULANGGAJAH. BULANG KECHIL. 

Omelina villosa ( Verbcnaceae) also Canthium horridum {RttUa* 

ceae.) Both of these are thorny shrubs, with yellow add 

bernes about an inch long. 

Digitized by 



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99 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



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BULANG PBLANDOK (Akar.) 

Canthium oliganthum Miq. (R^ibiaceae.) 

BLANG TIKUS. BULANG HITAM. 
V Canthium horridum Bl. {Ruhiaceae.) 

BULANGKAN. 

Cynonietra polyrmdra Roxb. {fjtgmninome.) 

BULONOOO. 

Dehaasia sp. (i^t«nn«ae.) 

BULU-BULU. 

Diospyroi arffentea Griff. {Ebenaceae,) See Bedil l^alat 
Bulu signifies far. The leaves of the plant are covered 
beneath with short hairs. 

BULUULAT. 

Sonerila sp. {Melastomaceae.) A small hairy herb with pink 
fiowera 

BULUH. BUIX)H. 

A bamboo. The word runs through much of the Archipel- 
ago and appears as Fafulu in Timor. 

BULUH (Akar.) 

A name applied to several of the scandent species such as 
Bamhusa Ridleyi Gamble. SchUostachyum chihanthvm 
Gamble. Oigantochfoa Kurtii OAmhIe. {Oramineae,) 

BULUH BALAI. 

Bambusa tuldoides Munro. 

BULUH BATU. 

Dtndrocalamui atrictus Nees. 
BULUH BERSUMPITAN. 

Bamhuaa Wrayi Stapf. Used in making blowpipes. 

BULUH BETONG PBRIH. 

Dtndrocaiamus llageHifer Munro. 
BULUH BRANG. 

The male bamboa Dendrocafamua atrictus. Ham. (see Clif- 
ford's Dictionary.) 

BULUH CHINA. 

BamhuM nana Roxb. The hedge bamboo. ^ j 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



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MALAY PLANT NAMKa 9? 

BULUH DURI. 

Bambitsa Blumeana Sch. The spiny bamboa 
BULUL JURON. 

Sdiizostachyum Bluinei Nees. 
BULUH KASAP. 

Ochlaudra Ridleyi Gamble . -'T' 

BULUH MATA RUSA. : ,'^ 

Oigantochloa Kurzii GdAvXA^ (Wray) 1- ' 

BULUH MIN YAK. ' ^^ 

Oxi/teuanthera sinmUii Gamble. • Vi' 

BULUH PADI. ;^:f 

Schizostachyum aciculai*e Gamble. ' f 

BULU PAN. : •. \i 

Bambusa vulgaris L (Wray) ! •; > 

BULUH PERINDU. - "; 1 

Bambitsa nana Roxb. Accordinc^ to Wray, but this I •* ' '• 

gather from a letter from Mr. Skeat is not the Buluh Pe- ' } 

rindu used in magic by the Malays, which is at present • 1 ^ \ '■ 

unknown. ;; 

BULU PLANG. T 

Oiyantochloa Wrayi Gamble. (Wray) *' 

BULUH RAYA. 

Oigantochloa Scortechinii Gamble. (Wray) 

BULUH TEBRAU. *e« TEBRAU. 

Almost any of the larger grasses, especially Thysanolaena \- 

aca$H/era Nees. 

BULUH TEMIAN6. ' | 

Bambusa Wrayi Hook. fil. The bamboo used for blow- • I 

pipes. '' 

BULUH TEMPAT. .'J 

Dendi'ovalatnus strictus Nees. The Male bamboo. '*' 
BULUH TILAN. 

Oigantochloa heterostachya Munro. 

BULUH TILAN MINYAK. ' 

Q. latispiculata Munra • C^r^r^r^Jr '■ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC [' . 



1 



J 



•l 



; 






68 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

buluh;tuloh. 

Schizostachyum ZoUingeri Kurz. 

BULUNTOH BURONG. 

Objcosnm sapindoidts Lindl. (Kutaceae.) A commoD shrub, 
with small white flowers. 

BUUBAN. see BEMBAN. 

i ;; BUMBOT. (Rumput) 

; . Mariscua albescefis Gaud. (Cyperaceae). 

j B0NAK. 

li : ' Kurrimia pwiicuiuta Wall. (Cetastrineae,) 

[ : B0NEH. (Favre) BUNI. (Clifford) 

j ' , Antidesma buniae. (Euj)horbiaceae). This is given by Pavre 

.! .; and Clifford as Malay. Filet ^ives it as Makasar. The 

'I plant, b a tree with small acid red fruits. 

BUNG A. A flower. 

: I BUNGA BIDADARI. BUNGA PUTRL 

T» j Orammatophjfllum speciasum (Marsden) {(hxhideae,) The 

words signify two kinds of fairie& I never heard either 
expression used. 

BUNGA BIRU. 
:'• ' . CUtorea tematea L. {Leguminoeaey Lit Blue flower. 

; BUNGA CHINA. 

I • , Icora^ cultivated varieties. It is also sometimes applied to 

} ; QardenioM. 

1 ; ' , ' BUNGA KASTURI. 

•< Renaitihera itioschi/era Lindl. (Orchideae). "Musk-flower." 

The scorpion orchid. 

BUNGA KASUT. 

Cypripediwn harhaium LindL (OrchideaeJ. " Shoe flower." 
I doubt this bein^ a genuine Malay name but it is often 
used by the orchid dealers. 

BUNGA MA& 

Aeclepioi curaseavica L. (Aaeiepiadeae), Lit. Gold flower. 
.: i' ) - An introduced weed with bright-yellow and red flowers. 

it 4,f| *• Digitized by V: 



H 






f i 






:'] 



MALAY PLNAT NAMES. 



69 



BUNGA PAGAR. 

Lantana camara L. (Vti^heiuweae). Pagar is a hedge. 
The common Lantatia. 
BUNGA PALA. 

Mace — the aril of the Nutmeg. 
BUNGA RAYA. 

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. {Malvaceae.) The cultivated Hi- 
biscus. 

BUNGA SAPONG. 

Pittosporum ferrugineum L. {Pittosporeae). A common sea* 
shore tree with white flowers and yellow fruits. 

BUNGA SUSU. 

Oardenia fiorida L. {Ruhiaceae) also Tabenioemontana core* 
naria Br. {Apocynaceae.) "Milk flower.** Well known 
cultivated plants. 

BUxXGATULIS. (Malacca) 

Anoectochilus Beintcardtii 81. (Orchideae.) One of the orna- 
mented foliage orchids, with deep maroon leaves viened 
with gold. 

BUNGKAL. 

Randia anisophylla Jack (Ruhiaceae.) A common jungle 
trea 

BUNGKUP. (Johor) 

Bruguiera species {Rhizophoreae.y 

BUNGLBI. 

Zingiber Cassumuiiaar {Zingiberaceae.) A ginger often to 
be seen near villages the rhizomes of which are used in 
medicine and as spioe. 

BUNGOR (Penang) BUNGUR. (Pavre) 

Lagerstroemia Reginae and allied species ; su BONGOB. 

BUNTAT BABONG. 

Lasianthus Wightianus Hook. fiL (Rubiaceae.) A very 
foetid shinib, one of the plants calleil Daun Sekuntut. 

BUNTAT ULAR. (Akar) 

Ficus urophglla Wall. {Urticaceae.) A common fig climb- 









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ing on other treea. 



Digitized by ViiOOQIC 



^''.'' 



70 



MALAY PLANT NAMES- 



'•■ '! 



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.\ \ ' 






BUNUT PAYA. 

Pternamlra coerutesctns Jack. (Metuiftomacate.J See Benut 
Paya. 

bCnuai. 

Kayea iframUs King. (GuttiJeiae.J 

Bl'UUMHONG JANTAX. 

Ifamlia thuKifloi-a Boutlu {h'uUaceai:.) 

BUKUIUU HIMBAU. (Malacca) 

Anthlesma velutinoituiu Bl. {/utphorbiacaw.) A cuiiiuioii 
jungle shrub. 

BURUNAI. 

AHtiikfiiM aiatum Hook, lil {Kupfwrbtavtae,) A small tree. 

BITRUTTA (Bunga.) 

Connarm ferrmjintu^ Jack. (Cvmuu'actat.J Jack is Ihe 
authority for this. 

BUSOK-BUSOK. 

Cojfsia noito,'*a 11am. {Lttjtiminoinu',) Also contracted to 
Sibusok. A large tree with pink lloweis. 

BUTA-BUTA also BABUTA. 

Cerhera odoUaui \u and C. lactaria ilanu (Ajtovt/naccucJ 
The milk produces blindness (Buta = blmd.J 

Bl TA-BUTA DARAT. ^ 

Aistonia iiMcrophi/tla^WvM CA^HyoptaccaeJ A tree allied to 
Cerbera, but the Uowers are much smaller. 

BUTANG (Rumput) 

Enocaulon neA-Qnyuiare L. {Enocauloueae) also Rhynchosjm'it 
W'aUkhima Korth. (Cyperaccae.) Butaug is a modi- 
fication of the English Button. Both plants have small 
heads of flowers more or less like buttons. 

BUTANG BUNGA (Akir.) 

Lettsomia Mainjuyi Clarke. {Convolculactac) A climber with 
large heads of purple flowers. 

BUTULANG. 

Cautkium lUthtmnm Roxb. (Rubiaceac)* Airmail tree. 

iitized by VT' 



: : 



''} 



MALAT PLANT NAMES. 



71 



' « •. 



(^HA PAPANG. 

Scofxtria tfufcis L, {ScrophiUirineae). A weed used for 
making a kind of tea. The name means field tea. It is 
also called Te macaa 

(HA BANG BAJU. (Buah) 

Lmiaulhus WaJlvhii Wight or a closely allied species 
( Ruhiaceae), A shrub with white flowers and blue berries. 

(ilABANG LIMA. (Akar) 

Sphniodcswa harhala Schauer. {Vevheimceat,) Literally 
Five branches. A climber with snmll violet flowera in a 
* head surrounded by bracts. 

CIIABANCJ LIMA. (Akar). 

ffrptapteurttm heierophijUum Seem. (Aratiaceae,) An epi- 
phytic plant with five leaflets to each leaf. 

ClIABANG TIGA. (Selangor) 

Tvichomnthes cekhwa Miq. (CucurhtUtceae), A 
kin with/r^ lohea to the leaf and red fruits, 
are used as a l>ait for the Kelawei fish. 

ClIABANG TUJOH. 

AmpefoaMu^ sp. {AmpeJuJene), 
leaves. 
CHABEI. 

I-K)ng pepper. Piper hnfjum L 
in some places for Capsicums. 

('IIABEI nUTAN. 

Piper caiiiuwH L. (Piperaceae). A wild pepper. 

CIIABEI PINTAL. (Penang) (^H. TALI. (Singapore) 

Ileticteres fsora L. (:Stfraifwcene,) The capsules used in 
native medicine. 

CHA-CHA. 

StereosperuiumJimhtiatyiH HeC. (Bignonaceae,) A handsome 
small tree with lilac tubular flowers the petals of which 
are beautifully fringed. 

CHACHANO LAYAR. 

}fono<horia hastae/olia Pres L. (Ponteihriaceae). An aquatic 
herb with blue flowers. 



w'ild pump- 
The leaves 



A vii>e with seven-lobed 



fPipernceue) Also used 






I:. 



Digitized by 



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72 MALAY PLANT NAMBa 

CHABKHANTU. (Penang). 

FUlosporum ferrugineum Ait (PittosporeaeJ. 

CHADAK. (Selangor) 

Zingiber spectabile Griff. (Zxngiheraceae). A verj hand- 
some wild ginger with brilliant yellow or red spikes and 
black flowers spotted with yellow. 

CHALANG PAYA. 

Croton oblongi/olius RoxU {Euphorbiaceae). A large shrub 
with spikes of green flowers. 

CHAMAU. CHEMAU. 

Dracaena Maingagi Bat D. angwfifoUa Wall., and other tree * 
Dracaenas (Liiiaceae). 

CHAMBAI BATU. 

- Pellionia Javanica Weii. (Urticaceae). A herb common on 
rocks. 

OHAMIN-CHAMIN. 

Cicca acidissima (Euphorbiaceae). A small tree with green 
acid fruits used in curries. 

CHAMPADANG. 

Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq. (Tiliaceae). A common weed 
witi^ yellow flowers and fruits like small burrs. 

GHANA. 

Parinarium Onffithianum Hook fiL {Sasaceae). A big tree 

with masses of white flowers. 
Also Cesalpinia pulckerrima Roxb. {Leguminosae) (according 

to Favre) (Legnminoseae.) An ornamental bush often 



<^ ^; cultivated. 

i •; , CH ANGEL see Chenoei. 

^, CHANGI ULAB. 



Bragantia corgnUxtsa {Aristolochiaceae.) ^A half climbing 
\ /. 1 '' shrub with small flowers and long twisted pods. 

CHANGKOI BAHANO. 

Ophiarita sp. (Rubiaceae.j 



:}\] CHANJAL. 



THstania Whitiana Griff. {Mgrtaceae.) A big tree more 
; ■ ^ . ji commonly known as Pelawan. ^ I 

■'-|k;'.|:| Digitizedby V:iOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT NAMES 



73 



CHAPA. CHAPU. 

Blumea balsami/era De. C. (Compositae.) A large half shrubbv 
weed common in waste grounds. It is strongly scented, 
and produces the Ngai camphor of the Chinese and is used 
in native medicine 

CHAPAH. CHAPANENG. 

CUrodtndivn viilosum Bl. (Verbenaceae,) A common large 
shrub with white flowers. 

CHAREK-CHAREK. (Akar) 

Vitia macrostachya Miq. {Ampeitdcae,) A large vine with 
long hanging spikes of flowers. 

CHATENG. (Buah) 

Microdtsmis caseariatfolia Planch. (Euphorbiaceae.) A small . 
tree. 

CHATO. 

Ardisia oxyphylla Wall (Myriineae,) » 

CHAWAT UDL 

Vitis adnata Wall. {Ampelideae.) A slender vine. 

CHEKOP MANI8. 

Sauropus albicans Bl. (Euphorbiaceae.) Favre gives Ghekoh. 
A small shrub cultivated as a spinach. 

CHEKOW. (Pahang) 

Garcinia Praineana King. {OuUiferae.) 

CHAMANTONG GAJAH. 

Aporosa Praineana Hook fll. (Euphorbiaceae). A small 
tree with round orange coloured fruits. 

CHEMANTON MERAH. 

Eloeocarpus MasUrst Hook fil. {Tiliaeeae). 

CHEMPEDAK. 

Artocarpus polifpkema Pers. ( Urticaceae), The wellknown 
native fruit 

CHEMPEDAK AYER, 

ArtocarpuM Maingayi King, (Urticaceae). 

CHEMPAKA. CHAMPAKA. 

The champak tree. Afichelia CJuunpaca L, (if ci^m>/iaceae)Digitized by CiOOQk 






!•:.■ 



j i 74 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

;l . CUEMPAKA BIRU. 

j Ptumiera acutifolia L. {Apocynaceae), The Frangipani. 

! . (Clifford's Dictionary). 

; CHEMPAKA BUKIT. (Malacca) 

'» ' Ctphaelia Orijithii Rook f\\. {Rubiaceae.) A small shrub 

I with a sweet scented flower. 

y CUEMPAKA HUTAN. 

I / Ganknia Gviffithxi llook fil. {Rvhiaceae.) ^ A shrub or tree 

*! i with sweet scented orange flowers. 

I CHEMPAKA JANGOI. 
»'!' . ' ' Stercntia laevis Jack. {Sterculiaceae.) A small tree or shrub 

M ; : with a scarlet fruit 

; ! / CUEMPAKA PUTIH HUTAN. 

; \ : liandia anisophylla Jack. (Ruhiaceae,) A small tree with 

.y ; small white flowers. 

CUEMPERAI. CHIMPERAL 

I ' ' ^ • Champerda Gnffithii Hook. fil. (Santalaceae.) 

* I \\^ Cansjera Uhcedii GmQWn. (Olacintae.) Seashore shrubs 

'^ i - with inconspicuous flowers* 

CUEMPERAI BATU. 

Gomphandra lanceolata King. {OlacineaeJ) 

CUEMPERAI DADIS. (Malacca) 

VrophjHum Blumtunnm Wight. {Ruhiaceat.) A common 
jungle shrub with white flowers, with yellow or orange 
berries. 
CUEXAMA. 

Clausena excavala Burm. (Penang), and Micromelumhirsuttm 
Oliv. m Pahang. {Rutactae.) 
CUENAXQ HUTAN. (Malacca) 

Unona da^ymaschala BL {Anonaceae) A low shrub. 
CUEXARA. 

CoiuMersonia tchinata Forst. (Tiiiaceae). A common tree io 
secondary jungle with while flower& 
CHENDANA. 

Sandalwood, Santalum album L. (Santalacraey Imported 
and sold in the sbopa. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



75 



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CIIBNDAWAN. 

A fungus. Chiefly applied to Agarici. 

CUENDAWAN BATANG. 

LtntinuB exiiis. A dry browD fungus giowmgr on old rot* 
ten tree stems. 

CHENDAWAN BORENa. CIIE\DA\VAN MBRAH. 

Poty,^tictu^ fanguinea, A woody scarlet fungus common on 
wood, used in native meiUcine as an astringent 

CHENDAWAN IPOH. 

A white Agaric with dull violet fur on the top. 

CUEXDAWAN JOMPUT-JUMPUT. 

Daldinia vernicosa Cesati. A bun-shaped black polished 
fungus growing on wood. Jumput-jnmpat is a kind of 
bun. 

CUENDAWAN KARANG. 

Ctavaria various speciesi The branched fungi known in Eng- 
land as witches butter. Literally coral fungua Also appli- 
ed to a woody coral-like grey fungus Stereum nittdvlum* 

CHENDAWAN RAMBUT ALL 

Marasmus gordipes. A very common plant with hair like 
stems running over dead leaves and small yellow pileL 

CHENDAWAN SAMANGKOK. 

Cyathula sp. A small cup shaped fungus growing on 
wood. 

CHENDAWAN TELAKONO. 

Dictuophora campanulata Nees. The common stink-horn, a 
white fun&nis with a beautiful white lacework veil hang- 
ing from 3ie upper part 

CHENDAWAN TELINGA KRA. 

Potystictus xeramptlimiM Kaichhr, " Ape's ear fungus." A 
brown woody fungus which grows on wood. 

CHENDAWAN TELLNGA TIONG. 

Agarictts species. A bright orange red fungus suggesting 
the wattles on the ear of the Tiong bird. Mainatus jara» 
nieus, 

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76 MALAY PLANT NAMBS. 

CHENDAWAN TUMBONG KLAPA. 

Scierodenna favo-crocattim. Tumbong kelapa is the ball- 
shaped mass of kernel of the coconut when germinating. 
The fungus is a yellow puff-ball, with a black inside when 
ripe, common on paths in woods. 

CUENDERAI. CHENDERAI HUTAN. 

Grttria panimdaia Roxb. also 0. fihrocarpa Mast (Tiliaceat). 
Small trees with white flowera 

CUENDERAI. (Akar) 

Oretoia umhellata Roxb. {TUiaceae.) A climbing species. 

CUENDERAI GAJAR 

Crotan argyratus Bl. (Euphorbiaceae.) 

CUENDERAI PAYA. 

Gretcia Miqueliana Kurz. (TV/toceoe.) . 

CUENDERAI RIMBA. 

Oracia fihrocarpa Mast, also O. umbtUata L. {Tiliaceat.) 

cuendEru. 

Diplanthera hancana Scheff . (Bignonaccae.) Tree wjth gold- 
en yellow flowers. 
CUENDRA. CUENDUI. 

Epiprinus Malaganus Griff. (Euphot^taceae.) 

CUENGAI PETRI. 

Alstonia macrophylla Wall. {Apocgnaceae^ 
CUENGAI also CHENGAL. 

Baianocarpui maximus Kin^. (Dipterocarpeae.) One of the 
best native timbers. A gigantic tree, now gpttiqg scarce. 

CUENGAL BATU BUKIT. 

Melanochjla Maingayi Hook. fil. (Maingay's list) '* A tree 
yielding a black varnish, wood pale yellowish white with 
a small brown centre, grain fine, medium hard.** 

CUENGKRINO. 

Erythrina striata Roxb. E. indica L. (LeguminoMe.) GheNQ- 
KBINQ Abadq (Clifford and Swettenham) is probably . 
this species. A well-known tree with orange coloured ^ 
flowers which is grown as a shade tree or as a pepper ^ 
support 



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MALAY PLANT NAMB& 



77 



CnENGKRING (Rumput). 

IledyotU glahm Br. {Ruhiactae.) A common weodj herb 
with small white flk>wer& 
CHRREK EANTU. 

FJiylianthus frondosus Wall (Euphorbiaceae.) 
CnEREK UITAM. 

Clatuena excavata Burm. (Rutaceae), A small tree with 
strongly scented leaves used In carries. 
CHEREK JANTAN. 

Brucea Sumatrana Wall. (Simarubeae), A shrub with an 
aromatic scent 
CHEREK PDTIH. 

Micromelum pubescens BL {Rtitaceae,) 

CHERiy budXk. 

Croton <u*gifratu$ BL {Euphorbiaceae.) 

CUERIT HUTAN. 

Clerodemhon deflexum Wall. (Verbenaceae,) A common 
jungle shrub with heads of white flowers and red bracts. 

CUERIT MORAL 

Oltfcasmis sapindotdes LindL {RutaeeaeJ) 
CUERMEI also GHERMELA and CHAMIN. 

Phyllanthus distichus Muell. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae.) A fruit 
tree. 
CHERMEI ANTAN. 

Olochidion obsctirum Bl. {Euphorbiaceas.) 

CUERMELA HUTAN. (Sungei Ujong.) 

Sauropu9 albicans Bl. {Euphorbiaceae.) Also GlIEKOP 
MANI89 which see. 
CUERMIN AYER. 

Sarcocepkalus Junghuhnii Korth. {Rubiaceae.) A tree with 
balls of yellow flowers. 

CIIERMIN BATU. (Pahang) 

Pentasactne caudata Wall. {Agcleptadeae,) A slender herb 
with white flowers growing on rocks in streams. . 
CHIA KUBBT. 

Macaranga megalophyUa Muell. Arg. {Eupharbiactae.) 



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j; CniAREK MERAH. (Akar) 

j ' ,^ Vitis diffusa (AmpeUdeae.) A common wild vine. 

! i CUIAREK PUTin. (Akar) 

Mallotus repandus Muell. Arg. {Euphorbiace(u,) 
CniCHA. 

DaphniphtfUum laurinum BailL (Euphorbktceae.) A common 

shrub. 
Also MUleitia atropurpurea Benth. {Ltgummosae.) A largo 
tree with purple flowera 

; ^ ' CQIKU. 

The Sapodilla, Achraa sapota L. (Sapotaceat). 

CUIMPOH. see SiHPOH. 
CHINA PUTin. (Akar) 

Neuropeliis raceinosa Wall. (jConvolmilaceae.) A climbbr with 
small white 6ower8. 

CHINA. (Akar) 

Limacia oblonga Miers. {3fenisperfnaceae,) Also ToeniocMoena 
OHffithii Hook. fil. (Cfonnaraceae.) 

CHINA (Bunga). 

Ixora^ cultivated forms and Gardenias. 

CHINA BUKIT. (Akar) 
I - lodes vefutvuL King. {Oladneae.) 

CUINDARcVH. see Pbndaba. 

Various wild nutmeg& {Afyristica.) 

CHINDARAH HANTU. 

Ostodes wacrophyllus Benth. {Enphorbktceae,) 

CHINDARAH LAUT. 

Myristica giaucescens Hook. fit. 

CHINDARAH PADL 

Myristica Afissianis Wall. {Afyristicaceae.) 
CHINDURU. 

Diplospora sp. {RuUaceae.) A small tree with green flowera 

CHINGAL. 

Shorea hracteolata Djet. (Dipteroearpeae). A large timber 
tree. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



79 



CIlINGKEn. CIIINGKAU. CUENGKB. 

Cloves. Eugenia carifophyltus L. (Myrtaceae.) 

CUINGKEUING lUumput). Also CIIENKBRINO. 
Iledyotis glabr% Br. (Rubiaceiu.) 

CUINGUM. (Johor) 

Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea Gacrtn. (RuHaceae). A bush 
growing on tho sea-shore. 

CUINTA MULA. 

Erythroxulum buntumicnm GriCf. (Lineae.) A big tree with 
small dark green leaves and white flowers. 

CUINTA MULA. (Akar) 

Psychoiria polycariHi Miq. (Ruhiaceiu), see Bertis* 

CUINTA MULA UITAM. 

Cinnanioinum parihtnoxylam Meissn. (^LaurinecLe.) See KayU 
Gadis. 
CUINTA MULA PUTIH. 

Sideroxylon sp. (Sapot<iceae). 

CUUBON. 

Xanthophyllum ajine Korth. (Polygaiaceac.) A shrub or 
small tree with V^hite flowers. 

CUlJKAL (Malacca) 

Ifygrophiia salicifoHa Neea (Acanthactae.) A herb with 
violet flowers, growing by rivers. 

CUUKOR KERBAU (Rumput). 

Cyperus turgululua . (Cypcraceae.) Literally Buffalo-Razor 
grass. 

CHULAK, 

Callicarpa latiata L. {Verbenaceae,) 

CHULANv 

Aglaia odorata Lour. (Meliaceae.) Favre is the authority 
for this. 

CnUMA PADAN6. (Kedah) 

Breynia coronata Ilook. fil. (EuphorbiaceaeJ) 

CUUMANTONG. (Sungei Ujong) 

Ficus alba Heinwdt. ( Urtkaceat.) see ABA PJSBAK. , 

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80 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

CHUMBAI ULAR. (Akar) (Malacca) 

Bragantia cortftnbosa Gri£F. (Arislolochiaceae.) 

CHUMPAHONG. 

P^renaria acuminata Planch. (Temstroemiaceae.J A small 
tree with white flowers* 

CHUMPONG. 

Saprosma arboreum CRubtaceae.J A very foetid shmK 

CHUNGAH PUTIH. 

Ostodes macroph^Uus. Benth. (Euphorhiaceaa.) 

CHUPtf. 

Garcinia Praineana King. (Guitiferae,) 

GHUBOM. 

Matthota sancta BL (Monimtaceae.) A shrub with long pen- 
dent or straggling branches, small green flowera and 
deep steel-blue fruits. 

CHUROMA. (Akar) 

Mikania scandens Willd. (ComposiUu.) A climbing plant 
common in grass. 

' '. DADA KURA. (Selangor) 

4 ' Fagroea morindce/olia Bl. (Loganiaceae.) Literally Turtle's 

breast A large shrub with (nnkish flowers. The leaves 
are ground am smoked with Chinese tobacco for cases 
of cold m the head. 

1 DADARUAN. 

^ ^ Ostodes macropkylla Benth. {Euphorhiaceae) m Malacca. 

< I BoschiaGriffiihii^Q&i. {Malvaceae) in Johor. See D AUK 

2 • DUBIAK. 

V . DADAP. see Dedap. 

'\ t ' Erythfina spp. {Legumtnosae.) Large trees vnth scarlet 

; {! flowers, used as shade trees for cocoa, and asperaer sup- 

j " '-^ ports. JEL indica Lam. and E. stricta Roxb. are the usual 

•j }''• '^ ones cultivated* 

DADAUP. (Akar) (Pahang) 

AlsoDAU. Bauhinki integrifolia Roxb. (LegunUncsae.) A 
large climber with great masses of orange flowers. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES 



81 



DAGON. 

Onetu'ii fatnculare Bl. (Onetaceae.) A bi^ climber which 
produces a strong fibre. 

DAGUNPUTIH. (Alar) 
On, Bntnonianum Oriff. 

DALDARU. (Akar) 

Psf/chotria aaiinentosa Bl. {Rtihiaceae,) 

DALEK. DELEK. DELAK. 

A name applied to various species of Memectflon and the 
allied genus Pternwulra^ (MtUtstomaceae.) Small trees 
with pink or blue flowers ; tlie timber of which is used in 
house building. 

DALEK AYER. 

Memectflon Ridletfi Cogn. and J/, edule Roxb. 

DALEK JAMBU. 

M. coerulewH Jack. 

DALEK PUTIH. 

J/, myrsinoidu BL 

DALEK TEMBAOA. 
M. loevigatum Bl. 

DALEK LIMAU MANI3. 

Anisophifllea gramlifolia Ilenslow. (RhUophoreae.) A tree 
with very large oblong woody fruits. 

DALU-DALU. Also JENDALU. DAHU. 

Saiix tetrasperma Roxb. iStUtcineae.) Filet gives Dalu-Dalu 
as West coast Sumatran for Saiix Sumatrana Miq. The 
only willow in the peninsula. 

DAMAK-DAMAK ASAM. 

Greictajihrocarpa Mast (TUiaceae). 
Damak-Damak is often contracted to Dudaraak, 

DAMAK-DAMAK BULU. Also DAMAK MERAH. 
Greicia ghbul\fera 'M.tOL (Tiiiaceae). 

DAMAK-DAMAK PAYA. 

Aporosa atellifem Hook. fiL (fiuphorhiaceat). 









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DAMAR. 

The resin produced by trecd of the order Piptcrovarpeae and 
a few others. The Dannnars arc collected in the jungle 
where the tree lias diipped and most ate named accordinj/ 
to the colour ( f the Dammar and not according to tlie 
tree pit>dncing them. But some trees are called by the 
name of the resio they produce. 

DAMARUITAM. 

DalanocarpuM Penangiamu King. ( Dipiti'tK'ftrpeue), Black 
Damsjar. 

DAMARKEPONO. See Ketong. 

DAMARKIJAI. 

Produced by Trvjonoddainija GnffUhii Ilookfil. {BHrsemccae,) 
See Kijai. Also Cananum sccu*ulum, Benn. ( Duracraceae,) 

DAMAR LAUT NUMBER SATU. 

Shorea utiiis King. One of the most valuable timbers. 

DAMAR LAUT DAUN BESAR. 

Shorea glauca King. (Dipterocarptae). 

DAMAR MATA-KUCUINO. 

Jlopea globosa Brandis; in Perak. Pachijnocarpus Wallicini 
King. CDipterocarpeaeJ. The Cat's Eye dammar is a clear 
light coloured dammar and I believe comes from different 
trees but the above-mentioned trees are stated to produce 
it and are named from the Dammar. 

DAMAR MERANTI. See Mebantl 

DAMAR MINYAK. 

The resio of Dwnmava onentalts Lam. {ConifemeJ. Lit 

Oil-Dammar. It is a turpentine and does not get hard 

like the resins of the Dipterocarpeae. 
DAMAR SERAYA. See Seraya. 

DANDANGKING. (Johor) 

Potderia foetidaiM (Rubiactat). A climber with lilac 
flowers, very foetid. 

DANDIOUM. - 

Sarga$sum sp^ {Atgfte). A floating sea- weed. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 83 

DANGSA. (Penang) 

Ph(snU jHiludosa IJoxb. (Patmae), A date palm growings 
in tidal swamps. 

PARAH. (Akar) 

Unona discolor Vahl. (A nonaceae). A climbing shrub used 
in native medicine for dysentery, whence perhaps the 
native name, Blood-climber. 

DA RAH BLUT. (Akar). (Selangor). 

Afezoneiirttm Snmatranum Wall. (Legumtnome). A climber 
growing on rivcrbanks ; leaves reddish, flowers yellow 
and red. Lit Eel's blood. 

DARAIPAYA. (Akar) 

Lt/godtHtii piiiuafifidutn, (FUkcft), A common climbing fern. 

DARU-DARU. 

A high class timber is known by this name but the tree 
producing it has not been identified. It is probably 
belongs to the oi*der Sapotaceae. 

DARUMUN. (Malacca) 

Klatocarprut jwhiMachym Wall. {TiHaceae)^ and oUier j 

speciesL See also a variant Jurumong. Ti-ees with white ••; 

flowers. 

DARUMUN BABI. ' i, 

Rttocarpus jx>!gs(achgtui Wall. 

DARUMUN HITAM.- 

E. paniculalus WalL (Wiaceae), 

DARUMUN PAOr. 

Elaeocarpus mfict/olius King, and K, lytduncnlatm Wall. 

DARUMUN PELANDOK. 
Elaeocarpui stipularis Bl. 

DARUMUN PIPIT. 

Elaeocarpus Iluliettii King. {Titiaceae.) 

DATOH RAJA- (Johor) 

Lecananthus eruhescens Jack. (Rnbiaceat,) 

DAUN. A leaf. 



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84 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

DAUN KURAP. 

Cassia atata L. (Legnmimmaf.) Kurap is a skin disease 
for which the leaves of this plant are a well-known reme- 
dy, A large shrub with showy spikes of yellow flowers. 
It is also known as Oelenggang. 

DAUN LOW. 

Ilotiimria discolor Lindl. (OvihiiUae,) Sir Ilugh Low*8 leaf. 
A name used in Singapore by the orchid collectors. 

DAUN PAYONO. (Pahang) 

Trjffttiunnna aliifions Mi*]. Literally Umbrella leaf. A superb 
stemless palm with enormous paddle shaped leaves. 



p . as Bam. 

;! : DEDAWAI. 



Mufsoenda glabra Vahl. (Huhiareae.) Pavre is the authority 
for this. 

DAUN SAPENOH. 

KurgcUa amboinenm {Amargilidcae.) An ornamental plant 
often cultivated, and wild in sandy places in Pahang and 
elsewhere. 

DAUN SEGALOR. (Selangor) DAUN SELEBAR. 

Tegmannia ahifi^m Miq. {Palttwceae). See DaUN PaYONO. 

DAWAI-DAWAL 

Ziziiphus calophgllun W^all. (Rhamneae.) A large and strong 
thorny climber. 

DEDALU BUKIT. (Akar) (Malacca) . 
Ilipfage fiericea Hook. (11. (MaJinghiaciae,) 

DEDAP. ^et DADAP. 

Ergthrina indica L. and other speciea (LegtnmnoMK) 

DEDAP LAUT. 

Jlihiscitf tifiacfuit L. (Malraceat.) More commonly known 



i . '. < Contraction for Dawai-DawaL Zizgphin catophgliffif Wall 

; I * ■ j (Rltamfeae.J 

DELIMA. 

Pomegranate. PHnica granatutH L, (hgthraceae.) 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



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DKLIMA BURONO. 

Memeciflon Ridlfyi Co^. {^Melat*tomactae.) 

DELIMA UUTAN. 

Gardenia tulnfera Wall. (Rnhiaceae.) Because the fruit 
looks something^ like that of a pomeg^nate. A large 
shrub with orange-coloured flowers. 

DKNOENDONO. (Selangor) 

Pothos Curtifii Hook. fil. {AroitUae.) A climbing Aroid, 
the shoots of which are a favourite food of the Ix>tong 
{Stmnopithecufi). 

DENDURIAN. 

Contraction for Durian-Durian. ' Boachia Qriffithii Nees. 
(Afahaceae.) 

DERINOtJ. 

Acoruf caiatmts L. {Aroideae.) Cultivated as a medidnal 
' plant. It has apparently lieen introduced from China 
and never flowers nere, 

DERINGU LAUT. 

Enhalus acoroides Zoll. (//tfdi-odtarkleae.) A maiine flower- 
ing plant with long narrow leaves suggestive of those of 
AcoruA. More commonly known as SetuK 

niLAM. 

Jhmujraphis confim$ Auders. (Acanthaceae), A creeping 
weed on road sides, common in Malacca. 

DODOL. 

Ficus rhododendnfolia (Uriicaceae) Also called Ara Jejawel 
A big figtree with small leaves and {nnk figs. 

DOMUN. (Sngapore) 

Symplocoit. spi (Styiraceae). 

DONDONO. 

Canarium nitidum A. W. Bean. (Burstraceae). See also 
Kadondong. 

DOSONO. (Pahang) 

Di/soxyinm anguattijolium King. (AfeUaaae}, < 









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DRAS MALAM. 

Ruellia repens. L. {Acanthaceae.) A common little herb 
which creeps in grass. It has tubular violet flowers. 

DRINO. (Johor) 

Ciyptccarpa Oriffithima Wight. (Laurineae.) 

DRUM. (Penang) 

Cratoxyhn potyanthum Korth. (ITypenctntae)^ 

DUAK, Also JUAK. 

Htynea trijuga Roxb. {MtUactae). 

DUDALI PAYA. 

Xanthophyllum Qnffithn 

DUPALU. . - 

Perhaps ^ oontractiou for Dalu-Dalu. Loranthus ampuUacewt 
Roxb. (Loi^anthaceae.) Other forms are Menalu and Sanalu. 
One of the commonest mistletoes, parasitic on many 
kind of trees. 

DUDAMAK. 

Contraction for Damak-Damak, which see. 

DUDANAK HITAM. 

Sterculia rubiginoM Jack. {Sterculiaceae). * 

DUDAWO. (Akar) 

Mtfxopifrvm neiTosum Bl. {Oieaceae.) 

DUDOK KIJANO. (Akar) 

Stropanthtu dichotomus De G. (Apocgnaceae.) A scandent 
bush with curious white and purple flowera The name 
means the resting place of the Kijang ICervulus muutjac.) 

DUDDLANG. (Akar) 

Contraction for Dulang-Dulang. Embelia Lhnpani Scheff 
(Myrsintae). 

DUKONO ANAK. 

PhylUmthus nrinaria L. and Ph. nirun L. (Euphorbiaceae). 
See Ambin Buah. 

DULANG. 

Casfia javanica L. (Leguminosae), A medium sided tree 
with rose-pink flowers. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



87 



DULANG-DULANO. 

Aralta near Thomsoni Seeniann {Araliac€€Uiy A thorny 
shrub not rare in the central range of the Penin^sula, 
apparently as yet undescribed. 

DULEII MERAU. (Sungei Ujong) 

Mallotns macrostachtjus Muell- (Euphorbiaceae). Possibly 
this should be Dalek. 
DULIS. * 

Sco^Hina duicis L. (ScrophularitiMe)* A weedy plant of 
South American origin, common in waste grounds. 

DUMAUBUKIT. (Akar) 

Anplectmm ylaucum Triaua (Mtiastomaceae). 

DUNOUN. 

Jlei'itiera littomiis Drjand {Stercuiuiceae). See Atun laut. 
DURL 

A thorn. 
DURL (Akar) 

Randiajasciculala De C. {Ruhiaceaa). A climber with thorns 
and white flowers. 

nURIA (Rumput). 

EHocaulon truncatum Ham. (EnocauloneaeJ. A little herb 
with white heads of flowers, common in swamps. 

DDRIAN. 

Duno zibtthinm L. (Malvaceat). 

DDRIAN BLANDA. 

The sour sop. Amna muricata. {Anonaceaeh Literally 
Dutch durian, because it wa:^ introduced by the Dutch. 
DURIAN DADN. 

Durio oxleyanw Grifif. A wild durian. 

DURIAN-DURIAN. 

. Contracted to Dendurian, Boschia griffithii Nees. (Malva* 
ceae). Also DURIAN HAJL A small or medium-sized 
tree with white flowers and small scarlet durians. 

DURIAN TANAH also DURIAN BURONO. 

Durio teatitudinarum Bee. Lit. Ground durians, because 
the fruits are borne at the base of the tre#« 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 






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DURIAN TUPAL 

Commersonta echimUa. Forst (Tiiutceae.) Lit. Squirrel duriati. 
The small fruits resembling somewhat a duriau. A com- 
moD tree in secoudarj jungle with white flowers. 

EKOK ANOIN. 

Plantago asiatica L (Plantagineae.J Literally Wind-taiL 
The common plantain. 

EKOK BALAXOKAS. 

Gnetum Brumnianum Qnff. {Gnetaceae.) *' King-crab*s tail/* 
A small shrub with spikes of flower& 

EKOR CHARL (Rumput) 

Ischoemum muticntiu (Gramineae), Chari is a fish. One of 
the commonest grasses here. 

EKOR KUCEINO. 

Dysophyila auricularia Bl. (Labiatae.) Also Draria ciiiuta 
Deso. (Leguminosae) Literally *< Cat*s tail" Both are 
small plants with close spikes of flowers suggesting a 
cat^s tail. 

EKORKUCHINO. (Rumput) 

Pcrotia iati/oiia (Gramineae.) A brush-like grasSi common 
in sandy spots. 

EKORKUDA. 

Vernonia cinerm L. {Compositae.) ** Horse-taiL** A common 
weed with pink heads of flowers. 

BMBALAU. E. BETINA. B. PADAN6. 

Biticea fUiiuarana Wall. (Simai^ubcae.^ A shrub with spikes 
of small purple flowers and black berries, very coaise 
scented. 
EMPEDAL AYAM. see kUTADAL Atail 
Safacia grandifiom Kurz. (lOuuimeae.) 

BMPENAL (Pahang) 

Atalantia inonophyila Corr. (Rutaceae). A small wild lime 
tree. 
EMPBNING. Also PENING. see Mempenino. 

QuercMtf spicata^ etc. (CupuHfa^at.) A name applied to several 
of our oaks. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. « 89 

EMPOYAN. EMPOYAN UATCT. see Mempoyan. 

Rhodamnia trinervia B1. {Mtjitaceae). A cotumon tree with 
(lowers. 

EMPOYAN BUKIT. 

RJiOilamnia tnnerda var. A mountain form on Mt Ophir. 

EMPOYAN PADANO. 

Decaspermum jMniculatum Kurz. (MyrUweae). A large 
sbrub witli white flowers. 

ENAU. 

Arenga saccharifera L. (Palmene) This name appears to .*] 

be used for the wild form of the Kabong or sugar-palm, 
a somewhat different looking plant from the common 
cultivated one. ' 

ENDEBL :;; 

Allomorphia exigtia Bl. (Afelastomaceae,) A shrub with 
small green flowers, common in many woods. ^ . i 

ENGGANK, see Inggank. / \ 

Afyristica geminaJta {Afgristicaceae). \l^ 

EPOU. (Johor) - ;f 

Samadera indica Gaertn. (Smambeae) A shrub. ' i 

OADABU. • ! I j 

Sonneratia Oriffithii Kurz. (Lythraceac). A sea-shore tree. 
Much resemblimg Perupat 

GADINO. (Penang) 

Ilunteria corymbosa Roxb. (Apocynaceae.) Gading signifies 
ivory and is applied to several plants with white ivory- 
like wood. And also to a number of shrubs, usually 
rubiaceous, the leaves of which are made into a kind of tea. 

GADINO. 

Canthium species and Petunga venulosa Uook fil. {Rubia" 
ceae). 

GADING BBTINA. 

Aporoaa aurea Hook fil. (Euphorbiaced$). 



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90« MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

GADING GAJAU. (Anggrck) (Malacca) 

En'a peL'ipes Lindl {Ordnleae). A small epiphytic orchid, 
so named from the leaves l^eing shaped like tuska 

GADIXG GALOK. 

ChasaUa curviflora Thw. (Rithiaccae), A common jungle 
shrub two or three feet tall with tubular white or 
purplish flowers. 

GAPING UUTAN. 

Paretta indica L, (Rubiacca"). A shrub with white flowers. 

GADING JANTAN. 

XanthophijUain affine Korth, (Poft/galaceae). I^eaves used 
as tea. 

GADING TULANO. 

I , , Randia dcmiflora Bonth. (Rnbiaceae), A large shrub or 

} : >. small tree. 

'•: ! GADIS. Also KAYU GADIS. 

'* .• • Cinmiinomum ptnihenovi/lum Meii^n, (Laurineaey The specific 

'( ' L ' name is a translation of the Malay. It is medicinally used 

.. j for girla 

i i ; • GADONG. AlsoGADUNO. 

I / Diofcorea daemonum Roxb. {Dioscoreaceae). A climber with 

^ . -I large tubets, used in the manufacture of dart poison, and 

\ V ' also eaten after repeated washing to extract the nar- 

l :' cotic properties they contain. 

: 1 . GADUNG CHINA. 

3 ; Smiiax China L. (Liliaceae,) The tubers of which are sold 

J I in the drug-shops as medicine. China-root. 

I S ; : GADONG TIKUS. 

.1 * Smiiax Ilet/eri A DeO, {Liliaceae). A thorny climber. 



\ ' GADUGAJAH. 



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Trigonosiemoii indicus Muell. Arg. (Euporhiaceaty 
GAUARU. AlsoGAGAHRU. 

Aquilana malaccensis Lam. {Tht/melaceae). Produces the 
; ; well known incense wood lign-aloes. 

r ; OAJAH. 

:•;' ;| Dehaxma sp. (Laurineat), 

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MALAY PLNAT NAMBa 91 

GAJU& 

Anacardum occuhntafe Fj. (Atiacardiacene). The Cashew. 
The word is a medification of Cashew. 

GAJUS nUTAN. 

Dehaasia sp. {Ldtm'neae). The fruit suggests in form a 
cashew nut. - 

r.ALAl. 

Qoniothalamus Taptu Mi«]. {Anonaccae), A shrub with yel- 
lowish flowers. 

GALANO IIUTAN. 

Qoniothalamus ijtfjantens Hook fil. {Anonaccae). A small 
tree with large yellow flowers. 

GAMAT. (Akar) 

Pterisanthes caudigera Miq. (Afupeitdeae), A vino with 
the rachis developed into a flat red plate on which the 
flowers are borne. 

GAMBADAK. (Kedah) 

Acronycftia laurifolia BI {Rutaceae) 
WaUichii King. {Urticeae), 

GAMBAHPUTin. (Pahang) 

Cardioptens lobata Br. (Oladneae), A climbing plant 

GAMBIR. 

Uncana f/ambir {linbiaveae). The product is sometimes 
erroneously spoken of as Getah gambir. The word getah 
is without doubt an error for gatta, a form of katd which 
was originally the native word for cutch (the bark or 
product of Acacia catechu L). The product of Uncaria 
gambir was originally Katd Krarabu, lit. scented cutch, 
and it is so known to Tamils to this day. The Malays 
modifled this into (latta Gambir. 

GAMBIR-GAMBIR. see Gegamber. 

GAMf. Also GAMO. 

Antidesma atspidatum Muell. (Euphorbiaceae) A shmb or 
small tree. 



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92 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



• I ;. GANCHIL KECBIL. 

} • V S^mplocos fin uyinea Roxh. {Styraceae). A large shrub 

. |. ..* with white flowera 

.*!; - GANDARUSA. 

.. ,* * Insticia gandarttsa L. (Acanthaceae). Often cultivated and 

half wild. A shrub used in medicine. 

;.;.: GANDARUSA. (Akar) 

Psychotria sp, (Rubtaceae.) 

' ; I. ' CANDARUSA JANTAN. 

, ,' Chasalia curvifiora Thw. {Rubiaceat). 

}\\ i-^ GANJA. Also GUN JA. 

j ;f *t i •" Indian hemp. Cannabis mtiva L. (Vrticaceat). Only known 

.] '•; M here as an imported r>!ant see GoNJA. 

GAPIS. 

Saraca triandra Bak. (LtguminomeJ) A half scandenl 
\ Y / .; shrub with orange red flowers. 

GAPIS KUNYIT. 

Saraca canliflora Bak. {Lff/uminasae), A very fine tree 
with large bunches of yellow flowers and pink pods. 

GARAH. (Akar) 
"* Lenconotis eugeniifolius Pe C. (Apocynactae.) A climber pro- 

ducing a rubber. 

! GARUM-GARUM. (Akar) 

Roncheria Griffilhii Plauch. (Lineae). 



] GARING-GARING. (Akar) 

; :• 1 Cuestis ramifiora GrilT. (Connaraceae.) A climbing shrub 

[; } ,' ' with pink flowers and showy red pear-shaped capsules. 

GARONTONG TENGAH. (Johor) 

' . j ; . Chisocheton dirergens Bl. ( Afetiaeeae.) 

, \' ''^' J GASING-GASINO. ConUacted into Geqasino. 

') .'[ i "^ Cmatnpefos Parvra L. also Peticampylvn incanus Miers. 

) I ; (Menispermaceae.) Slender climbing plants much resembl- 

i r :' >ng ec^ other though of different genera. They are 

uwd nvedicinally. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES 93 

OATAL. (Paua) 

Saportea crenuhta Porst ( Urticaccae,) ** Stinging leaf." 
This plant, the giant nettle, is more often called Jela- 
TANG her^. Favre gives the above name. 

GAYAM. r'^! 

Inocarpns eJutis Forst. ( Legnminome.J The Otaheite chest- .. •', 
nut; only known here in cultivation. I am doubtful as ^;' 

to the origin of this word. It is probably not Malay. ;. t 

GEGAMBER. (Akar) *^• 

Combretuni sun (latcum Miq. (Conibretaceae.)' A contraction i.*- 

for gambir-gambir. A climbing shrub with small green .^ 

flowei"S in heads. " ^ 

GEGAMBER PA YA. GEGAMBER HUTAN. : [r 

Uncana hnosa Wall. (Rubiaceae.) A reduplication of ..:*. 

Ganibir. One of the wild gambirs. : .' ^* 

GEGAMBER JANTAN. - • f 

Motsa ramentaceae A de 0. (Mifrfnneae.J A climbing shrub. . ' I . 

GEGRIP. 7-' 

A contraction for Gerip-gcrip, also called Getah-gerip and l.^/ 
Singgaiip. Rubber- vines belonging to the order Apocy^ ;. t' 

naceae, 

GEGRIP HITAM. Also GEGRIP BESL 

WiUnglihfiafirma Bl. {Apocynaceae.) One of the best of the J . t ! 

rubber vines, a big climber with black bark, whence its 
name. 
GEGRIP MERAH. 

Urceoia hivida Beuth. Also Chonenwrpha macrophylla (Apo* 1 j 

cynaceae). ' * ;!. 

GEGRIP NASI. \ ' 

GEGRIP PUTIH. 

Urceoia brackysepala Hook fil {Apocynaceae») 

GEGRIP SUNDIK. 

Leuconotis eugeniaefoHus Bl. {Apocynticeae^ 

GEGRIP TEMBAGA. 

Urceoia elastica Roxh. {Apocynaceae.) * ;'.{ f 



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94 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

GlLAM. 

Melaleuca leucadendron L. (}ftfrtaceae.) The Cajeput oil 
tree, from the leaves of which an aromatic oil is extracted. 

Gl&LAM BDKIT. 

Leptospermum amboinense Bl. (Mijrtaceae.) An aromatic 
shrub with white flowers growing on hills at about three 
thousand feet elevation. The leaves are used as tea in 
fever. 

gIblam CUICHA. 

CoehiUscus montanus Muell. (Evphorbtaceae.) 

GELANO LAUT. 

SesHvitim jyortulacastt^m L {Ficoiileae.) A succulent herb 
4 :\ with pink flowers common on mud by the sea. 

] : .; GELANO FASIR. 

I j '^ Portulaca oieracea L. {Portulaccae.) A common weed in 

j ;, ' ; 1 waste places, with yellow floweia 

;l ;; ' GELANGSUSU. 

J ;, ; ' Euphorbia pihtliferax h. (Euphorbiaceae,) A little weed in 

i '! j . waste places. 

!j ' . GELAMTIKUS. 

Evyenia jntsluiala Duthie in Singapore ; and E. grata Wall. 
^ . , .' in Penang {Afyrtaceae.) 

■ : V \ GELENGGANG. Also GELUNGANG and 6ELINGGAN0. 

', i , . Cojisia alata L. (LeguminoMe.) Also often called Daun Ku- 

. • J ' j rep, which see, 

J ; J \l / GELENGGANG KECHIL. GELENGGANG PADANG. 

^ j ^ / / Cassia Tora L. (Leguminohae,) A common weedy shrub 

.; ' / ; / used in native medidne. 

^ ;. ^ / , GELINCHEK. 

; ,i , ' . Myvica nagi (Algricaceae.) A small tree or shrub, growing 

'/ ; \. ; s usually on die sea coast. 

! > ! " , GELUGUR. see Asam Gbluoub. 

6ELUGUR GAJAH, - 

Pgrenaria acuminata Planch. {Temstroemiaceae,) Gelugur 
means the pips of an orange. See ASAM Geluour. 

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Cratoxylon arborescens Bl. {Ifynericneat,) A tall tree with 
small deep red flowers, which gives a good timber. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 06 

GELUGUR SAL AH. ^ j] 

CjclostemoH hngtfofius Bl. (EuphorbtaceaeJ\ A tree with 
long pendent branches and large oblong leaves. 

OELUMAK SUSU. ;. nt 

Curanga amara Juss. (Scrophulariticae,) A small cieeping ' .^• 
wee ! used in native medicine. 

GELUMBl AH LUMBA. ; ; 

Spheerivithtis microcephalus De C. {Compositae,) * ' . 

GELUMPONG. (Akar) i.* 

Afodecca sinrjapot'cana Mast (Passtflorcae.) A climber with . . T 

green flowers and showy scarlet fruits which split and * >"^ 

disclose tbe seed enclosed in a white pulp hanging from ' : I'. 

the placentas. The fruits are said to ho poisonous. ! . 

oSmia. :[ 

A variant of Rumbia. (Uaughton. Journ. Soc. As. St Br. 

20 page 77.) .1 

GERONGGANO. Also GERONGGONG. \f^ 






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GERUSEH. GERESEU. GURUSEH. G. PDTIH. G.JANTAN. 

Randia denstjlora Benth. {Rubiacecte,) 

GERUSEH PUTIH. 

Antidesma Moritzii Muell. {fCttphorbiaceaeJ) 

GETAH. "" 

Latex or gum, usually containing Caoutchouc, produced by j 

trees belonging usually to the order Sapotaceae or by 
climbers of the order Apocynaceae. The latter ai-e gene- 
rally known as GtTAH Gerip or Oegrip. 

The rubber is collected by making cuts in the bark and 
catching the milk and is sold as rubber or gutta percha, 
or used as bird lime. 

GETAH GAHARU. 

WtUufjhbeia canacea Wall. {Apocynaceae^) A climber with 
white flowers, and large round fruita Also known as * \i 

Get AH u JOL. .1 • t f 

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06 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

GETAH GSRIP. Also GeRlP-GeRlP. 

Commonly contracted to Gegrip. Also SiNGGARip. The 
^ 'A name given to many Apocynaceous rubber producing 

'' climbers. See Gegbip. 

1 - ^ GETAH HUDANG. (Jobor) 

[ : Oarcinia sp. {Outttjerae,) Literally •' Prawn getab.** 

! ./ ; GETAH JELUTONG. 

I ., ! Dt/era costulata Hook 61. {Apocynaceae.) See Jelutonq. 

GETAH MENJAWA. (Malacca) 

Willughbeia cartacea Wall. (Apoofnaceae.) Also known as 
Get AH Ujol and Gaharu. 

GETAH PERCHA. 

Dickopsis Gutta Benth. {Saj)otaceae.) see Getau Taban 
Mebap* 
GETAH PERCHA BURONG. 

'Paifena Maingayi G. B. Clarke {Sapotaceae.) A tree. 
GETAH PDLAI. 

Alstonia scholaris Br. (Apoci/naceae.) see PULAL 



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! i • GETAH PUYUH. 



Leptaspis urceolata Br. (Orcunineae.) A grass with very 
adhesive spikelets which may adhere to quails^(Puyuh.) 

GETAH SUNDIK. 

Payena Leeni Oliv. (Sapotaceae) A large tree which gives 
a good second quality gutta perdia. 
GETAH SUSU. 

A trade name for Getah Jelutong. Dyera costulata 
(ApocynaceaeJ) 
GETAH TABAN CHAIU. (Perak) 
k ; - j DichopU pustlatau C. B. Clarke {Sapotaceae.) Gives a gutta 

percha. A tree. 
GETAH TABAN MERAH also GETAH PERCHA- 

Dickopsis Gutta Benth. {Sapotaceae). The best gutta per- 
cha tree. 
GETAH TABAN PUTIH. 

Dickopsis obovata C. B. Clarke {Sapotaceae). A good gutta 
peraiatreQi 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 97 



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GETAU TERAP. 

ArtocarpM KunstUri Kiug (Urttcaceae). see TerAP, 

GETAH UJOL. 

Willughheia coriacea Wall, also MelwUnus orientalis Bl 
(Apoi'i/naceae), The rubber* from these sets very slowlj 
and it is only used for bird lime and for mixing with other 
rubbers. They are both climbers. 

GIGELING. GIGELING JANTAN. 

Crotalaria verrucosa L. {LeguMinosae), A tall herb with 
blue flowers. 

GIGIT BUNTAI. 

Cahanum Kcuhmlon Berm. {Burserttceae). 

GILAN. rJohor) 

Lorantkus formosus BI. (Loranthaceae). A fine mistletoe 
with large pink flowers. 

GINGIN. (Malacca) 

Aipinia involucrata Griff. {Scitamineaey, 

GIRAH. (Rumput) \.\ 

J* imbristiflis pauciflora ( Cyperaceae). 

GIRAU PAYA. 

NuUeUa atropurnurea Benth. {Leguminosae), A very fine 
large tree with purple flowers. 

GIRAMONG. (Johor) 

Pittosporum Jerrugineum Ait (Pittosporeaey 

GIRENG. 

Leea gigantea Griff. (A wpetuUae). A shrub with heads of 
green and white flowers and blacV berries. 

GIRESEH PADI. 

Macarauga Lowii {Euphorbiaceae). 

GIRING ANTAN. 

Pithtcolohium bubalinum Benth {Legumittosae)* A small tree 

GIRIXG-GIRING also GDRING-GURINO. 

Crotafaria striata De C. ( Leguminosae). A weed in waste 
ground with yellow flowera Wlien the seed is ripe it 
rattles in the pod whence the name. 





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98 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



GIRING-GIRINO. (Uumput) 

Mapania hanama {Cffperaceae). Literally " rattles.** 

6IRING LANDAK. 

Crotalarta setusa L. (Lcguminos(ie). *' Porcupine-rattles." 
A sea-shore herb with fine yellow flowers. 

GISING. 

I .1 Eugenia fiti/ovmis Wall. (Myrtactae), A small tree. 

; ' 1 GLI-GLI. 

' ' • ' Cyrtosperma lusioides Griff, and Lasta spinosa Th w. (^4 roitUae), 

' Two aquatic aroids with arrow -shaped prickly leaves. 

( The former is much the larger of the twa 

'! GOLANGPAYA. 

llelicia attenuata Bl. (Proteaceae), 

GOMBANia. 

^ i; Dipterocarpys crinitus Dyer. (Dintcrocarpeae). A lofty 

' , ' tree producing a good timber for bridges. 

' ; GONG. (Johor) 

,!. Ifeltcia petiolaris Henth. (Proteaceae). A tree. 

; GRISEK. (Kayu) 

I Crijptocarya coesia Bl. ( lAiurineae). A large tree. 

GROBO. (Malacca) . 

J ;i ' niottea grandijlora Ro\h. {Aristolochiaccae). A small shrub 

about a foot or two high with bell-shaped flowers, purple 
inside, as large as a tumbler. Used in native medicine. 

GRONGGANG. see Gebonooanq. 

GUAH niTAM. 

Casma siamea Lam. {Lcgumtnosae), More commonly called 
JUAL. A small tree with yellow flowers and long nar- 
row pods. 

GUATAK. 

Dysoxylum caulifiornm Hiem. (Meltaceae). A small tree with 
spikes of white sweet-scented flowers borne on the trunk, 
and bright red fruit 



[ . ! 6UCUEGAJAH. (Pahang) 

V * ' ; ' Antidesma veiutinosum hi. {Euphorbiaceae)^ 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES 09 

GUDABONG. 

Phragmitts Roxhurgliii (Onutniieae), Tlio common reed. 

GUDAYANG. Also KEDAWDNG. 
ParL'ia Roxhunjhxana {Legnminosae). 

GDGATINO. 

Bassta sp. . {SaifOtaceae). 

GUGIRINO. 

Quercus hijstrix Korth. (Cuptili/crae), An oak with a spiny 
acorn cup. 

GULA. (Kayu) (Penang) 

Adinandra dumosa Jack. (Tcrmtfrotmiaceae), A common 
tree usually known as TiAP-TlAP. 

GULAWAI. 

Buchanama acuminata Turcz. {Auacardiaceae). A small 
tree. 

GULUMBON HANTU. 

Croton GnJ/ifhii Hook fil. (Euphorbiaceae), 

GULUNO. (Akar) 

Dioscorca pyri/oHa Kurth. {Dioscorcaceae). A climber with 
small green flowers in spikes. 

GUMAPoko. 
. Aporosa. 

OUMBOTr 

Adenosma caern/eum Br. (Serophularineae), An aromatic 
herb with blue flowers. I 1 

GUMPAI. (Johor) 

Panicum auntam. (Gramineae). A common g^rass in wet 
spots. 

OUMpd 

Xephelvtm eriopetalum Miq. (Sapindaceae). A handsome 
wild rambutan. 

GUNCHAK. CPenang) ^ ^r] 

Anttdesma Ohocsaubilla Gaerth. {Euphorbiaceae). A large 
bush. .; 

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100 MALAY PLANT NAMES 

GUNCniAN GAJAH. (Kedah) 

Antiifesma fallax Muell. (Eitphorbiaceae). 

GUNJA also GANJA. 

Indian hemp. Cannabis mtim \u (Urticaceae), Also Clero' 
dendi-on jnphonanthus ( Verbenaceae)^ the leaves of which 
are used for the same purpose. 

GUXUM- 

Cliitocarpus Maingatji Hook fil. (Apocifnaceae). A climber 
producing India-rubber. 

GUUAH. 

SapiuM indicutn L. {Enphorbiaceae). 

GURAU BUKIT. 

Erantheniiun malracenae Clarke. (Acanthaceae). A handsome 
hhrub with violet flowers. 

GURANO. 

TabernotiHOataiM tna'accensU. {Apoctfnaceae), A shrub with 
white flowers. 

GURANG liUKIT. 

//eticm attenusta Bl. {ProUaceae). See GOLANG PaYA. 

gOraxg JANTAN. 

Gomphandra ianceolata King. (Olacineae). 

GURCHKNG. 

Lictia/a pusiUa Beca {Palmeae). A small fan palm. 

GURIAM. (Sungei Ujong) 

Cleroilendi'on dispariJoUum Bl. {Verbenaceae), A small tree 
with yellow flowers. 

GORING also GURAH. 

SapiwH indicum \u {Euphorbiaceae), 

\ r - 1 GURUGA LAUT more commonly JERUJU. 

* ' Acanthus eiraciiatus Wall. {Acanthaceat). 

GURDGUN. 

Celastvns monosiHrma {Celastniieae). A climbing shrub. 

GURUMONG JANTAN and G. BETINA. 

Glochidion supa*bum Baill. (Euphorbiaceae). A common tree 
in tfecondary jungle. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 101 



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aURUSEH. see Geruseh. 

GUTANG. 

Sptlanthes accuetla L. (ComposiUte). The tooth-ache plant. 

A shrub with small heads of flowers very pungent, rubbed '\ i.it. ' 

on the jaw for tooth-ache. 

HAHA. 

Coelostegia Onjithii Masters. (Afalvaceue). More commonly 
known as PUNGAI, which see. This name I am told is 
due to a story to the effect that a man once hung the 
fruity which resembles a durian, above his door, and a 
demon passing by mistaking it for that fruit attempted 
to seize it, but on finding out his error left it and fled, 
exclaiming Ha-Ha. 

HALIYA. 

Ginger. Zingiber oj/ictnatu* U, {Zingiberaceae), 

IIALIYA UDTAN. 

Globba spp. {Scitamineae.) These plants are elegant herbs 
with terminal ^tpikes or panicles of yellow orwhite flowers. 
The rhizomes which are aromatic are used in medicina 

UALOO. (Akar) 

Ficus apiscarjxi Miq. {Urticaceae). A climbing fig. 

HAMBACHANG. ' ifi 

Variant of Bachanq. 

UAxMBALAU. 

Variant of Balau. 

ICAMPELAM. 

Variant of Mampblam. 

HAMPELAS. 

Variant of MAMPBLA8. 

IIAMPEDU BRUANO. (Pavre) 

Driicea sumatrana Wall. (Svuarubeae)* Lit "bear*s bile.** 
Also Ejibalau. 
HANTU. (Bunga) 

Strophanthus JackianuB Wall. (Apocynactaey *' Ghost 
flower.** 

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102 MALAY PLANT NAMEa 

HATI-HATI. see Ati-Ati. 

HEEYAH. 

Artemisia vulgiwis L, (Compositae), The wormwood, culti- 
vated by the Chinese and occurring here and there as an 
escape. The word is probably not Malay, 

niJAU. (Rumput) 

Paspalum scrobiculatum L. (Gramineae). Literally "green 
grass.** A very common grass. 

niLAN, 

Pleopeltis angustata {Fiiices). A common epiphytic fern. 

HINA. niNAI. Also INAI, which see. 

The henna. Lawnonia alba Lam. (LtfthraceatS. The use of 
this plant for dyeing the nails and hair red is well-known. 

UlTAM. (Akar) 

VentHago Uiocarpa Benth (Rhamneae), Lit. " black climber.** 

HITAM MATL 

Diosptfros lucida Wall. (Ebenaceae), One of the ebony pro- 
ducing trees. 

HUJAN PANAS. 

Dreynia coronafa Hook fil. and B. reclinata Hook fil. {Euphor- 
btaceae). Literally '* warm raia** 

HUJAN PANAS PUTIH. 

Glodndion feHceum (Euphorbiaceae). 

lANG-IANO. 

A variant of RiANG-RlANO. Xrchi/tea Vahlii Chois. (Tern- 
Btroemiaceae). See also Akar Rianq-Riano, Cis^s 
hastatuB, 

IBUL. 

Orania wacrocladM Mast. {Pafmaceae), A very fine tall 
palm. 

IGA-IQA. 

Favre gives this as a form of Aqar-Aoar. 
INA-KEOHIL. 

Alsodeia lanceolata Wall ( Violaceae)* A shmb.' 

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MALAY PLANT NAME& 103 

INAI. • ^'V 

See also IIiMAl. Henna. Lawsoniaalba Lam. 

iNAI BATU. V. i 

InijHtticus OrtJ/ithii Hook fil. (Dahamweae). A pink balsam "> ril ' I 

growing on Mount Ophir and other hills. It is said to be .V-f ^ I 

used for dyeing like the henna. \v.i J , 

INAI PAYA. /r^ ( 

The water balsam, llydroctra triflora W. A. {Balsawineae), 

INCUONO. (Penang) 

Macaranga tariarius L. {Euphorbiacew). 

INGAN. (Province Welleslej) 
Dtsmodium sp. (Ltguminosae)* 

INOANK. • 

^fynstica gemnaUu (Myi*i8ticaccae)» -I 

IXGOU also ANGGD. ' : " 

Asafoetida^ the gum of Ferula Naithcx. Used in native * l 

medicine. (Persian) • . \j, 

INJAU. (Rumput) '] 

Oldentandia dijfusa {Rubiacene)* A small weed witli little '.,[ 

white flowers, common in grass* 

LNJAD BELUKAR. 

Webera mollis (Riibutceue). A large sburb with softlj f I 

hair J leaves ana corymbs of white lowers. * I j 

IPOIL IPOn BATANO. | i 

Antiarts toxicaria \M. (Urticaceat), The well known upas 
tree. 
IPOH AKAR. 

Strychnos Txtnte Bl. (Loganiaceae}, A decotion of the bark 
is mixed with the true Ipoh (AntiarisL It contains much 
Brucine. The plant is a large climber with round grey 
fruits and small white flowers. 
IPOU PUTia (Akar) • 

Rancheria griffithit Plauch (LineaeJ, This is also used in 
the prepartion of Ipoh but its chemical properties are not 
known. It is a common climber with white stems of 
yellow flowers followed by small red berries. . 



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104 MALAY PLANT NAME& 

ISTONG PARAa * 

Tabernaemontana corymhfsa (Apoctinaceae), A variant of 
Uestong (i.e. syphilis"* for which this plant is used. 

ITAUTEMBAGA. (Perak) 

Smitax calophylia (Liliactae). Authority of Wray. 

ITAH VISL 

Smilax myosotiflora De C. Mr. Wray is the authority for 
these namea 

JABBET. (Ubi) 

Dhscorea pentapyila L, (Dioscereaceaey A wild yam much 
sought by the Sakais for food. Professor Vaughan 
StQvens is the anthority for this, It may be a Sakai 
word, or perhaps a perversion of Chiabet. 

JAGONG. 

Indian corn. Zea Mays L. (Grwmntat). 

JALI. 

A rattan according to Favre. 

JALI BATU, 

Viiex cariacea Clarke. ( Verbttiaeeae). 

JAMBAU SURAL (Akar) 

Anpltctrum polyanthnm C. B. Clarke. (Melastotmiaeae), A 
climber with violet flowers. The roots used for fever. 

JAMBELAN. 

Eugtnia Jamboiana L. More commonly known as JlWYT. 
Favre g^ves this word. 

JAMBOL MERAR. 

Selaginella atroviridis (LycopoiUaceae). The name signifies 
the tuft on a peacock's head, which the plant is supposed 
to resemble. 



JAMBOL SIOL. 
5 ' "^ Ixora opaca Br. (Rubiaceae). A shrub. 



JAMBOL SIOL. (Akar) 

Erycibe princei Wall. Convolvulaceae. A climber with 
small white flowers. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMKS. 105 

JAMBU AYRR. 

Eugenia aquea Burm. (.%i7<ae<ic). Oiio of the rosc^ -apples. 

JAMBU AVER CHILI PUTIH. ; f 

Eiifjema car yoph;i Ilea Wight. (Mifrtaccae), A medium sized /i-ij "^ 

tree with small white eatable fruits. ' -' J I 

JAMBU AYER UUTAN. 

Eufjema microcarjHi- Roxb. and E. ilamjiora De C. (Myrta* 
ceac), 

JAMBU AYER LAUT. 

Eugenia grandia Wi[^ht (Myrtaceae), A large tree usually 
growing near the coast, often used as a sliade tree in v(- [^ i 

Singapore. V •' f 

JAMBU BANING. "\\ 

Memecijhn heteropleurum Bl. {Melnstomaceae). A shtub, with .1 

fruits somewhat resembling a very small rose-apple. > > 

Literally, the tortoise rose-apple. , j 

JAMBU BATU HUTAN. . : 

Gardenia tubif era W^W. (Rubiaceae). A wild tree -gardenia '1. 

The fruits, which are hard and stony, resemble rose-apples • : \*\ 

in shape, whence the name *• Wild stone-rose-apple.** »' ; 

JAMBU BUI. ' \-> 

The guava. Psidiunt guava L. (Myrtaceae). Also JAMBU 
MELUKAT, (Johor;and JAMBU BELA WAS. 

JAMBU BDL. 

Eugenia ntataccensis Linn. (Myrtaceae), 

JAMBU BUKIT. 

Eugenia macrocarjxi Roxb. (Myrtaceae). 

JAMBU DULEK. 

Mesua lepidota (Guttiferae), 

JAMBU KELAT LA WAR PUTIH. 

Eioeocarpus jmrvi/olius Wall. (J'diaceat), Perhaps a per- 
version of Jambu Kelawar. 

JAMBU KELAWAR. 

Eloeocarpu^ parn/olimt Wall ( 7 iViciccfie). Bat*8 rose -apple. 
Fruit bats are very fond of this fruit 



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106 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

JAMBU KELAWAR. (Akar; 
. I Ztzjiphuf calophifHus Wall. (Uhamntuf:), A climl^er wilh 

: y sFweet eatable f ruita 

^ JAMBUMAWAR. 

; Eufjenia Jwnbo9 L. {M'pfaccae). The lose-apple, a well 

known fruit. 

JAMBUMUNYET. 

• • The cashew. AmwanUum occidentale L. Literally, monkey *s 

;: Jambu. Also JAMBU TRONG and JAMBU OULA. 

(Sugar rose-apple). 

^ , JAMBU SUSU also JAMBU BOL 

. .- . V Eugenia malaccensis Linn. (MyrhicMe). A large rose apple, 

• / white or pink, the flowers deep crimson 

JANGAT (Akar) also SEJAN6AT. 
' - Spathoiobm gtfrocavpus ]ienih, {Leg uininosae), A very large 

climber with small purple flowers. It is one of the water 
.' i vines. The stem when cut produces excellent water. 

JANGEL. 
! Ilopea Mengaraican ^\, {Dipterocarpeae), Possibly a variant 

"I of CUENGAL. A very large tree producing a good timber. 

I JANGGU& 

The cashew. Anactwdium occidentale L. (Anacardiaceae). 

JANGGUT ALL (Rumput) 

* Pauivum sarmentosum Roxb. (Gmmineae), A large grass 

with elegant panicles of flowers, common on the hedges of 
jungles. Literally Ali*s beard. 

JAXGGUT BAOXG (Rumput) 

Mariscus umhellatus C. B. Clarke. {Ct/peraceae), A common 
sedge in waste ground. 

JANGGUT KELL 

Ggnotroches axillaris Miq. {Rhizophoreat). A very common 
' ^: tree in secondary jungle. 

' 'i " Also Carallia iniegernma De C. (Rhisophoreae)^ and in 

• [ • • Penang applied to Gomphia Sumatrana Jack. (Ochnaceae). 

[,; V JANGGUT KULONAK. 

'1 ; ,1; . JJiofcvrea glabra Ro\h,( Dioworeaceaek A wild yanL • * 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



107 



JANGGUT RIMAU (Rumput). 

Polygonum paluncnlare Wall. (Polt/gonaceae). Lit. tiger's 
beard. A little plant growing in ditches with hez/& of 
pink flowers. 

JANGKA. (Johor) 

iMsianthus spcciejs {RuhiaceafJ, A shrub. 

JANGKANG, JANGKANG PAYA. JANGKANG BETINA 
or MERAH. 

Xylopiaferrmjinca Ilook. fil. {Anonaceae), A tall slender 
tree used in house buiHing. In Penang the name is 
applied to Jlopea inter meili {Dipterocarpeae). One of the 
Meranti trees. 

JANGKANG. (Akar) 

Melodorvm manuhriatum Hook. fil. (Anonactae), 

JANGKANG BUKIT. 

MuriHica pohfKphaernla Hook. fil. (yfyristicactat), A wild 
nutmeg with small fruits. 

JANGKANG HUTAN. 

Polyalthia Scovtechinh King. (Anotiaceae), A small tree with 
large green flowers like those of the Cananga. 

JANGKANG PAYA. 

Vernonia arbor ea L. (Compositae). A large tree with laven- 
der coloured flowers. Also Myristica paludicola King. 
(Myristicoccae) and Xylopia ferruginea Hook. fil. {Ano» 
nacme). 
JANGKAT. 

Norrisia tnalaccensis Hook fil. {Loganiaceae), A small or 
medium sized tree with numerous small white flowera 
JANTANTIOH. rKedah) 

Antidesma species (Euphorbiuceae), Apparently undescribed. 

JANTONG BADAK. 

Tabernceniontana corymbosa Roxb. (Apocynaceae). A small tree 
with white flowers. 

JAPUN. (Bunga) 

Neiitm oleander L. {Apocynaceae), Favre gives this name 
' for 'the oleander. 









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108 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

JARAK. 

Castor oil. Kictnua vommuuif L. (Euphoi'biac$ae), 

JARAK BLANDA. 

The purging nut Jatropha curcas L. {Eujyhorbinceae), 
[iiterally, the Dutch castor oil. It is also called Jarak 
Kafri — African castor oil. Often cultivated in villages. 
The seed is sometimes used in medicine. 

JARAK GAJAH. 

MnUotus subpeltatufi, Muell. {Euphorbiaceae). 

JARAK nUTAN. 

i '• ^ J Mailotus subpeltatus Muell. {Euphorbiaceae), A small tree. 

JARAK LAUT. 

i Leeti mmbucvia W'lWd. {Ampetideae), A bush. 

JARAK PIPIT. 
[ ' * CUiatanthus licvis Ilook. lil, (Euphorbiaceae). 

J i J A RANG. (Rumput) 

:, JsOphatherum gracile Beau v. (Oramineae). Jaraug means 

1 separated, or spread apart, perhaps referring to the 

V . branches of the panicle. 

JARAXG-JARANO. (Rumput) 

CyathuJa proMrata BL {Ainarantaceae), 

JARI AYAM. 

Cnoua Ion 4fi flora Roxb. (Anonaceae). 

JARI BIAWAK. (Akar) 

Vitia cinnamomea Wall. (Ampclideae). A slender vine, with the 
leaves red lieneath. laterallj, toes of the monitor lizard. 

JARKA- 

LasianthM fptcies (Rubiaceae). 

JARUM HITAM, 

Chasalia curvi flora Thw. (littbiaceae). 

JARUM-JARUM Also JEJARUM and MJUNJARUM. 

Paretta imUca L, (fiubiaceae). A shrub with white 
flowers. Favre gives also Jarung-iarung. Jarum is a 
needle, the conspicuously prolongea styles looking like 
needles is doubtless alluded to in the name. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



109 



.TAHUM-JARUM BATU. 

Pavetta humiiis Hook. fiL {Rubiaceae). 

JARUM-JARUM BETINA. 

Psychotna an gu lata Korth. (Ruhiactat). 

JARUM-JARUM JANTAN. 

Randia anisophi/lfa Jack. (Ruhiaceae), 

JARUM-JARUM MERAH. 

Ixora coHcinna Br. {Rnhinceac). A handsome red flowered 
Ixora. 

JARUM-JARUM PA YA. 

Pavetta inih'ca Var. {Rubiaceae), Jaruni-jarum padang, ifl 
also a variety of the same very variable plant. 

JATEK-JATEK. Also JENTEK-JENTEK. 

EIoeQt'arpiif Javk'ianus Wall (Tiliaceae), A tree. 

JATI/'' 

Teak. Tectona grandis\Ann,(Verbenaceae). Commonly used 
here for the timlier. It is however really a Javanese word. 

JAWA. (Bunga) 

Ipomea quamoclii L. (Conrolvulaceae). A little scarlet 
convolvulus with finely cut leares, often cultivated. 
Favre gives this word. 

JAWI-JAWl. Contracted to JEJAWl also ARA JEJAWI. 
Ficus rhodotlemhifoUa Miq. ( Urtkaceae), A large ?\g ti«e 
witli small leaves. 

JEJAWI. See Jawi-jawl 

JEJUANO. (Singapore) 

Cordyltne terminalis Korth. (LHiaceae), 

JEJUH. 

St/mploco8 fasciculaia Zoll. (Styraceae). 
secondary jungle. 

JEJUWAI. 

Orewia laurifolia Hook fil. (Tifiaceae). 
JELATANO. 

TMportiea crenulata Forst. ( Urticaceae.j 



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The tree nettlow 



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110 MALAY PLANT NAMEa * 

JELATANG AYAM. 

Fleurya viierrupia Gaud. {Urtictueae). A conimoii little 
nettle in waste ground. 

JELATANG BADAK. 

Cnesmoiie jttvankit Bl. {Euphorbiaccac), Literally rhinoceros 

nettle. 
Also JELATANG KUSA. Deer nettle. A stin-ing climber. 

JELUTONG. 

Difem Maiiifjwfi Hook fit and />. co.stufatii Hook fil. A bij^ 
tree which gives a very inferior india rubber, and a tim- 
ber used for clogs, boxes and such things. 

JELUTONG BADAK. 

Tubcniaewoutana cort/mbosa Roxb. (Af)ocifnaceae.) 

JELUTONG LAUT. (Singapore) 

Euphorbia atoto Forst, {Kuphorbiacctte). A small milky plant 
growuig on the seashore. 

JELUTONG PIPIT. 

Dtfcra cofttitata Hook fil. (Ajtocifnacfae). 

JENDALU. see Dalu-Dalu. 

Sallr tt'trasperma Miq. {SaUotctae). 

JENTA-JENTA. 

Alsodcia cvhinocavpa Korth. (Violaceae). 

JENTEK-JENTEK. See Jatek-Jatek. 
Eloeocarpits Jacl'ianus Wall. (Titiaceae). 

JERENANG. 

Diumonorops draco L. {Pa i mac). The Dragon's blood. See 
ROTANG JERENANG, 

JERINO. 

Pilhevoiobium lobatum Bentb. (Lejuviinosae). A medium- 
sized tiee with brown curlini pods, which are eaten by 
the Malays, and which exhale and cause their eaters to 
exhale a very nauseous odour. 

JERING BALAL 

Pithecohbium Jasviculatum Benth. {LegMmiiiome), 



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JKKIXGTUPAl. 

Pilhecvlohium ittnrocurjtum Heiitli. {F.fjHminosae). 

,IKUlX(i MUNYKT. 

Pithecolohium cffffHuria Jack. {L^jumnomt), 

JEKINGU. AlsoDKKINGU. 

Aiorun Cutamua Ij. (Arohhae). 

.IKinXGU LAUT. 

Knhahu* acoroiikf (//^drochantUve). 

JKKINGU PADANG. 

A'/yn> imlicii L. {Xt^riihae), 

JKHKASING. 

Pivicampt/luit inauius Miers. {M^uiitpenttavcae), 

JKRMAL. (Kayu) 

MijrMcii Coilddam King. (.1/yrjVic<a<r<ie). A big tiee. 

JEUOK FUTIU. (Selaiigor) 

AriUsut cvlorata Uoxb, {Aftfrsineae). A shrub with small 
phik flowers. 

JERUJUU. 

Acantlnis cbracteahts Vahl (Avanthaccac). A shrub with white 
or blue (lowers and holly-like leaves, gowing oominonly 
in tidal mud. The seeds pounded up are used as a blood 
purifler iu cases of boila 

.IILAWEI. 

Tei'iuuHtiia n. spt uear T. LiuUtta. A large tree. 

JlLEl BATU. 

Couv hchryma Jobi L. {Gramiuciwy •' Job*8 tears." 

JlLEI PULUT, 

A dark coloured variety. Favre gives Jeley. 
JIXJAGONG. 

h'onanthes reticulata Jack. {Lineae). (Maingay*8 list). 
JIXJARONO JANTAN. 

Daphniphffliutn laurinum Baill. (Eiiphorhiareae), (Maiugay's 
list). 
JIXJINTA. 

Aporosa nervosa llook. fil. {Euphorbiaccae). (Maiugay*s list). 



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MALAY PLANT NAMEa 



JINTAN. 

Caraway seed. Carum Carui L. {Umbelii/erae). Imported. 

JINTAN HITAM. 

The seeds of Nigella sativa L. (lianuncnhiceae) often kuown 
as black cnmin. They are imported and sold, being used 
in medecine. 

JINTAN MANia 

Anise seed. Pimpinella auisum L. ( UmheUiJerae). Imported 
into Singapore and sold. See also Adas manis. 

JINTAN PUTIH. 

Cumin-seed. Cumiuum Cyminum L. ( Ufnbtlliftrae). Impor- 
ted. Both of these spices are used in curry. 

JINTEH (Akar). 

Mefoiloi-um pisocarpum Hook. fil. {Anonaceat)* 

JINTEH MERAH. 

Baccaurea Wallichii Hook fit and B. OHffithii Hook, fil 
Trees with spikes of green or white flowers and eatable 
fruits. 

JINTEH PUTIH. 

VrophyUum sp. (Ruhiactat). 
JIRAK. 

Eurya acuminata De C. {Tenistivemiaceae). A common little 
tree in secondary jungle. 

JIWAT. 

Eugenia jambolana Iauu {Myrtaceae), 

JIWAT PADL 

Eugenia caryophyllea Wight. {Myrtaceae). 

JOHOR, (Kayu) 

Pellacalyx $accardiantt$ Scortech. (Rhizophoreae). A small 
straight tree with greenish white flowers. 

JOLOK HANTU. 

Arthrophyilum iliversifoHum BL also A.pinnatum C. B. Clarke 
(Araliaceae.) The first is a very common small tree in 
secondary jungle. The second only grows in the hillit 
at an elevation of 2000 feet 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



113 



JOLOK-JOLOK. 

Leea sambucina Willd and Laa aefjiuita De C {Awite'idt'ae,) 

JUA. JUAL. Also G UAH, which see. 
Cassia Stamea Iawu (Legutninosae). 

JUAKalsoOUAK. 

I/etjnea (njuf/a Roxb. (Meliaceae). Eurycoma lomjifoHa Jack 
{Simvubeae) in Province \Velle«ley. 

JUALA (Rnmput) 

Bideus pifosa L. {Compositae), A. weed with white and jeU 
low fiowera. 

JUAXG-JUANG BUKIT. 

Dravaemt couffesta Ridl. (/.iiiaccat), A dwarf Dracaena.- 

JUJAMO. 

Aporosu mvi'ocahjx llassk. (Euphoibiuceae). 

JULLAH. (Akar) 

Gnttum neglfxtum Bl. (Ouelaceae,) 

JULONG BUKIT. (Akar) 

Bragantia conjmbosa. Griff. (Aristolochutceae), 

J i: LONG. (Rumput) 

Paspulutn scrobwu latum L. (Gramineaey One of the com- 
monest grasses. 

JU[.ONG HITAM. (Akar) 

Andstrociadus Penangianus WalL A climber with woody 
black stems. 

JULOXG JANTAN and JULONG PUTIH. 

Ostodes viat:rophyltus Benth. (Euphorbiiweae). 

JULONG-JULONO. 

Agrostosiachys /ongi/oiia Benth. (Enphorbiactae), A shrub 
about a foot tall the leaves of which were used formerly 
for wrapping opium. 

JULONG-JULONG. (Rumput) 

Setaria glauca Beau v. {Orainineae). 

JCLONG-JULONG BUKIT. 

Psychotria stipulacca Wall. {Rubiaceae). A shrub with 
white flowers 



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114 MALAY PLANT NAMES 

JULONG-JLLUNG JANTAX. 

Webera ijramUjulia Hook. 111. (Rubiactat). \ buuill slirub 
. .-1 : ^ witb large leaves and white flowers. 

' / JUNKAU (Bunga) 

' . Xeuivpeitis racemoM Wall. {Cvnvu!vuliiL\ae). A cliuiber 

with small white flowers. 

JURUMONG. See Darumong. 
Etaeocarpi species. 

: •'. .: JURUNANG. 

Alpinia com:hvjera Griff. (Scitamineae), 

: % I JUWAT. SeeJiWAT 

! . . ; KAATI. (Johor) 

i I * ChaMaecladon ant/Uittifofium SiAioii. {ArviiUae), 

I \] [ - KABAL AYAM. 

I* ; . Pentace triptera Masters. {Tiliaceae). A gigantic tree with 

'" i , white flowers. 

'; KABOK. 

f . • The cottou ti'ee. EriotUndron anfrwtitosum {Malcacettt), 

KABOK BASSU. 
; ^ Goniothalainus sp. {Anonactae), 

, KABU-KABU also KAKA3U. 

Tt-evtJ'Ui sitmlaica Miq. (Araliaceae), A slirub with a thomy 
/ . stem and lobed leaves, the lobes connected by a wing. 

y-\] KABU-KABU HUTAN. 

J Zanthoxyhnii myrUtcanthum Wall. (Rutaceae). A shrub with 

I ^ *: ; > a thorny straight stem. 

j . KABUNG. 

L I .^, The sugar palm. Aren*ja mccharijera L. {Palmae). 

KA0UAN6. 
A bean. 

• ' . KACUANG BENPl also KACUANG LUNDIR. 

• » ..; ' Hibiscus tsculentw L. (Malvaceae). The okra or beui fruit. 

•; KACUANG BUTOL. KACUANG BOTOR. * 

. ; ! Psophocarpus tetragonolobus De C. {Legaimnosae). A culti- 

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MALAY PLANT NAMR^ 



115 



vated bean with winged pods. The word lk>tor and Botol 
is said to be a modification of " Iwttle," which the bean is 
said to resemble, but Kumph gives the derivation from 
Hatr, an Arabic word signifying a lobe. 

KACIIAXG BULUH. 

Tephro-^in llookeiiana W. and A. (J^eginiiinoMte), 

KACHANG BUXOIIE. 

Kidney beans. rha.<eolHs vulgarU L. A black variety. 
Evidently derived from the Dutch word Boontje. 

KACUAXG CUINA. 

PhdJieolns lunattif* L. {Tjenuminosae)* The cultivated hari- 
cot bean according to Favre, but in Singapore the peanut. 
(Arachis) is known by this name. 

KACHANG CllIXA. KACHANG GOHENG. KACHANG 
TANAH. 

The pea-nut. Aravhia htjpo</oca L (LeguminomeJ, 

KACHANG CHINDAI. 

Phaseolm Muuqo L. (Leffumtuosae). A commonly cultivated 

bean with yellow flowers and narrow usually hairy poda. 

There are a numlx^r of cultivated kinds with green, black 

or yellow seeds. 
Favre gives also Kaciiang Hijau, and Kachang Kechil 

for the variety rndmtiix^ and Keddi for the variety max. 

KACHANG UANTD. 

Canaralia ensifonms Var. rirofta {fAgtnninome), A large 
pink flowered bean growing on trees by the sea. The 
beans are said to be poisonous. 

KACHANG HANTU DARAT. 

Crotalaria alaUt Hamilt. (Legut/ttnouie), A herb with yellow 
flowers and wing^ed stems. 

KACHANG JAPUN. 

Soifa hifpida {Ldfjinitinoaae), The soy l)ean. Favre gives 
thi& I do not know of the plant as cultivated here.- 

KACHANG JARIJI. 

Dolichos lah'/ah. Accoi-ding toPavre. 












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116 MALAY PLANT NAMEa 

KACHAxXG-KACUANG. 

Agetoea restita Wall. {Connaraceae), A large climbing shrub 
with small pink flowers and red capsules. 

KACHAXG KARKAUA& KARKARA. 

DofithoA iab'lab L. (Leguminosae), A common cultivated 
bean. Favre gives also Kachang MuNYlT. 

KACHANG KARKARA GATAL 

Mucviiaprunens DeG, (Legumimsae). The Cowhage. Ac- 
cording to Favre. 

KACHANG KAYU. 

CajanuB imlictis L. {Legtamuofiae), The dall of India ; only 
V cultivated here. 

KACHANG KAYU BETINA. 

DesiHodium polycarpum De« C. (Legum'twfae). A small 
shrubby vetch with pink and purple flowers. 

KACHANG KAYU LAUT. 
t. Pongamia glabra Vent. (Legmnvwsae), A shrub or small 

tree with pink flowers growing near the sea. 

KACHANG KELOR. 

1 1- Moriuga plerifgospertua Gaertn (Monugeae). The horse 

radish U'ee. 

KACHANG KOTA, 

Cassia occUhntalis L. {Legutitinosaf). A common weed with 
v., ' yellow flowera 

KACHANG LAUT. (Pahang) 

DiocUa reflexa Hook fil. (Leguminosae). 

KACHANG MANILA. 

Voamheia sttbttrranealhoM. (Legnminosat), A yellow flower- 
ed bean which ripens its fruit under ground like the 
pea-nnt 

KACHANG MERAH, 

Vigna catiang Endl. (LeguminosaeJ, A red seeded variety. 

; . . KACHANG PARANG. 

^ i- •;'» CamvaitatfmformisDeO.fLegtiminosae). A cultivated form 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



117 



KACHANG PKNDEK. 
The French bean. 



Phaseolus rufffari:* L. (Legnminosae)^ ac- 



cording to Favre under tlie name Plu comprtssw, 

KACIIAXi; PKKUT AVAM; KACUAXll PUIIU IIAVAM, 
according to Favre. Vvjua vatiang \u {f^rgfumno^tte), lAL 
** hen's intestine l)ean," also known as 

KACHANG PANJANO. 
Tilt " long bean," and 

KACUANTi PUTIE. 

** White l)ean.'' This latter name is also given to Peas 
Piaum SiUivvm L. . 

KACUANG PrRAI, 

Toemorhlafiui Grifflthii, Hook fil. (Connarticeaey 

KACHANG SKRINDINO. 

Lima beans. Phaseolinf htnatvM L 

KACUANG TOWCHEW. 

A black seeded variety of Vigna catiang. 
KACHANG SENKl'AXG. Also BENGKUANO. 

Par/igrrhizus anf/fiftittiA Rich. (Lcgunmioftae), The yam- 
l)ean, cultivated for its tuliorous root. 
KACHANG TELANG. 

Clitoria Ternatea \a^ (Ltgumviosae). 
KACHANG TDPAL 

Pitheco/obiHUi /(micnindtiH Benth. (Legtimiuoaae). See under 
Jering. 
KACHU. 

Areca catechu L Tlie betel nut (Palmae), The word is 
rarely used, Pinang l)eing the common name. 

KACHUBONG. 

Datura tnetet L. and I), fatyosa L. (Sofanaceae). Well 
known poisonous plants with white or purple flowers, 
the leaves of whirh are used as an anodyne for bruises 
and sprains. 
KACHUBONG. (Akar) 

Dgttneria Maiugagi Mast. (StercuHaceae). The prickly fruit 
resembles slightly that of Datura. 



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"lis MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

KACnUBONO PAYA. 

Oarthitia ffutanifata Hook fil. (Ruhinceae), 

KACnUBONO HIMBAH. 

HauiUa macruj»/ttflh Br. (Riihiaveae). So called on account 
of the n^semblance of the llowers to those of Datura, 

KAUAMPANU. 

Stervuiia iHtvviJfora l^oxb. (Stetuith'aceae). A big tree. 

KADANCJA UUTAN IlITAM. 

Mi/ristica fjtohulariu Hook. fil. {Mifrhticaceae). 

KADAT. 

Ciatim-a mtaocar^M King, (Capjxmdeoey 

KADOK. Also KADAWAK and SIRIU KADOK. 

I jOng pepper. Ptpn'' hmi/nnt L. {Pipentceaeu Favre jfives 
Keduk. 

KADOK HUTAX. 

Pipei- ittiftosiim Miq. {Pipenueae). A wild jungle pepper. 

KA1)KNIX)N<J. Also KONDONDONG and DONDONG. 

Various spoi-ies of the genera Cauaniwi Mtitirm and Tritfo- 
fiovftfamif^ {Jhivftcraieae). All are fairly large tmes. In 
Penang the name is applied to the cultivated hog-plin», 
Sjwttdiay ttHiufji/era Willd. 

KArK)Nl)ON<J BITLAN. 

Cintaiium nifuni Benn. Also Hiutiiiu Uira King, 

KADONDONG liuLAN PUTIH. 
Sautiria faacioilata Benn. 

KAI)0ND0N<J KRUT. 

r<f«ciriii?« y>'/oj<»/iM A. W. Benn. Also C Kmlondon A. \V. 
Benn. 
KAlX)NDON<i KHUT MERAIL 

Canavimii sp. 

KADONDONtJ MATA-HARI. 

Canarium kadomhn A. W. Benn. Also Trigonochhuitii* 
QviJfithH Hook fiL 

KODONDON HUTAN. 

Canan'tiw nitithnn A. W. BeJin. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMKS. 



119 



KAiniMjK. KKDrnrK. 

Variant of SKNhUUOK, whicli set^ 

KADriH)K GAJAII. (Peiiaiig). 

Attoniorphiit eivjua \\\, {MehvttwmwcaeJ. 

KAUWAH. 

Coffee, Coj/hi /tfnricit Iliern. {Ifuhiaceue.) 'C\\U word is not 
used in Sing^apore and only rarely in the Peninsula. 

KAIT-KAIT. (Akar) 

The name of many climlx^rs with hooks (kait sit^fnifyin*^ a 
hook); especially applied to the wild gamliiers ilncniia sppt 
and Rottt'hcrta Grijlithmna Planch. 
KAIT-KAIT BUKIT. 

rnciu'M J errea l^ei^. fl{ubi<iceae). 

KAIT-KAIT DARAT. (Malacca) 
riwaria pterojHxIa Miq. 

KAIT-KAIT MERAH. 
Uncariaferr^a De C. 

KAIT FUTIII (Akar) 

See IpOH Akar Putih. Uouchaia GnJjithU Planch. (i^iMca). 

KAJU. 

The cashew -nut. AnacanUum occuUntaie L. (AiMCiu^dUiccae). 
Given by Favre, not often used. 
KAKABU. 

Trev€*iia Sundaka Miq. {Arnlinctue) Shortened form of 
KAiJU-KAnu. 

KAKARAS. 

A'ornWd »/«t/citrt'/*.<w. Hook fil. {/jO*janiac€aeJ, Also AquUaria 
inalacceims Lam. see under Kauas. 

KAKOP. (Akar) 

Dioscorea glabra Roxb. (Dioscoreaceae). 

KALAMBAK. 

Tlie best kind of Gaharu Wood. 

KALAYO HITAM. 

Ariftera Httoralu Miq. {Sapimlaveae), A tree with white 
flowers. 



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120 MALAY PLANT NAMES 

KALUMI5ER. (Pahang). 

De.^iiiodiiim i>o/t/aa'pum De C. {Le*/uminosnt). A i>niall 
shinibby plant with purple Howera. 

KALAPA. 

Coconut, Cocos uuajera L. (Paimae). 

DaUN KALAPA. 

Bai'clai/u iHOtUytnuL Hook. fil. ( Xyinpheacea^). The junj^le 
waterlily a plant with small round leaves and dull 
brownish pink and yellow flowers. 

KALAPA PUYUK. 

CurcuHfjo fiumatnma Koxb. ( llypoxideae), Ja<;k is the 
authority for this name, which means quaiPs coconut, 
probably from the i<hape of the leaves resembling of a 
young coconut, and from the quaiPs hiding beneath theui. 

KALENTIL PADANG. 

Dtcasperma paniculatum Kurtz. (Myrtaceae). 

K ALIA a TOAH. 

Ptychopyxis costata Miq. (Kphorbiaceae). A medium-sized 
tree. 

KALINIA PAYA. 

Polygonum flaccidum Meissn. (Poiygoiuiceae), A commou 
weed in ditches. 

KALINO Lir.lN. (Johor) 

Euhphia yraminea Lindl. (OrMdeae). A ground orchid 
with a panicle of small pink and green flowera 

KALINTEK JAMPK. 

Arytera lit f oralis (Sapindaceae). 

KALONG. (Akar) 

Piper caninum Ij. (Pinentceae). A common wild pepper, 
probably from Kalung, a necklace, referring to the 
strings of fmit. 

KALONG ULAR. KALONG GAJAH. (Aki^r) 

Pipar ribe^ioides Miq. (Piperaceae). A large climbing wild 
pepper used medecinally. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



121 



A climlier with 



KAMAGAN ANTAN. fPahang). 

Vtnlilago Matngw/i I<»aw8. (Jiliwuneaey 
small green flowers 

KAMAUANO (Akar), 

Dioscoren hmrifolia WalL {Dtofcorcaceae). 

KAMANI BABI. 

DesmoiUuin lafifoliina Wall. (Lcijuminimui)^ \ shrubby 
weed with yellow flowers. 

K AM AN JONG (Pahang). 

Djltioj'ifluiii tingugti/oiiuiu Kiii^. {Meiiaceae). 

KAMARAUAN. 

MgriMica lauriiia Bl. (Myrhticaveae). Cotnpaie ClIKKDEU- 
AIIAK. 
KAMBAI HUTAN. 

Wormia ohlonga Wall. {DiHemaceat), A tree with large 
goldeu-yellow flowerti. 

KAMBIANG. Also KIAMBAN. 

Phtia fftratiofes L. The water lettuce {Aroulcae). A float- 
ing herb, often cultivated by the Chinese to feed pigs. 

K.\MBON(; LOBO. 

AbutUon ifulicmu li. A shrubby weed with yellow flowers 
common in waste ground. 

KAMIRI. 

AUurites moluccunnts \u Tlie candle -nut. (Enphorhutceae). 
A name only u<od in trade. Bitah Kekas is more com- 
monly used here. Kaunri is proWbly a Moluccan word and 
is connected witli Ampiri, a Buginese word for the plant. 

KAMPOR. 

Moesa ratnatUtcea A De C. {^Myrnntat), 

KAMPUNING. 

Variant of MempuninG see also Empening. QuercM hystrix 
Rorth, (^Ctijwliferat). 

KAMOYAN. 

Erunthemum Malacceittfe <ylarke. (Acanthaveite). A hand- 
some jungle bhrub with violet flowen*. 






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^ 122 MALAY PLANT NAME& 

KAMUNING. 

Alurrw/a txotica L. fJMac€(u). A small tree, tbe wood of 
. " 1 • • whic^ is used for tlie sheatlis and bandies of krises. 

' .' KAMUNING JANTAN HUTAN. 

Cunlhium confertwn Korth. (Hubiacmte). A small tree. 

: KAMUNING BATU. 

• ' .. Deca^permum pnuicidntam Kurz. {Jilffrtaceae), 

KAMUNTING. 

• • The Rose- Myrtle. RhodoMyrtus iomentosa Bl, (Afifiiaceat:), 
t . , A common shrub on the sea-shore with pink or white 
, . .'^^ [ flowers and purplish eatable fruits. 

1 ; ;' • KAMUNTING (AkarJ. KAMUNTING BUKIT. 

J , i Anplectmm divaricatnm Triana. [Ji/efastomacfae), 

! '■: ' KANANGA. see Kenanga. 

'! KANCHIL (Kayu) 

•, • i A nisophyllea ilisticha Hook. fiL {Rhizophortae). The Kanchil 

\ ' • } is a small mouse deer, ( Tragnlus kanchil). The plant is 

I . , a common shrub with elegant foliage. 

• . " KANCUING BAJU. (Rumput; 

Trtd(tx procumbensh, (Com^)08ita€). Literally coat buttons. 
: . ' ' A small daisy-like weed growing in sandy spota 

KANCUING BAJU JANTAN. (Runiput) 

KifUinga brtvifoHa Rottb. (jCifptraceae). A small sedge with 
theflowers clustered in a little green head, common in 
grassy spots. 

KANCUONG KERAH. (Selangor) 
\ .• Neptnthu yrtwilis Korth. {Nepenthaceae). The small pitcher 

plant, often called Priok Kebab. 

[ . KANDIS. 

Garcinia uii/roiituata Planch. {Quttifcrae). A tree with an 
I .. < eatable fruit. 

1 : , . • KANDIS GAJAH. 

;' ; Qarcinia AmUrtioui Ilook. fil. An allied plant with much 

/ -. ' '! larger leaves and add fruit resembling an apple In size 

• -? and form. ^^-> < 

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MALAY PLANT NAMEa 



123 



KANDURI BATANO. 

Adenanthera jHtronimi \$. (lAtjttnnnoMe). A common tree with 
scat let flattened seedn. 
KANG KACUANO. 

Contraction for KACHANQ-KArilANG. Ageioea restita Wal! 
(Connaraceae), 

KANKANO KATOK. (Selangor) 

BaMma iiiteyn/o/ia Roxb. ( Lej/utHtnosae). A large climlier 
with great masses of red liowers. 

KANGKOxVG. 

fpomea wjnafica Foist. (Conrohulaceae). A white or pink 
floweied convolvulus cultivated and commonly used as a 
spinach. 

KANtiKONG AYEK. 

Ftosco^Hi jfcatulcHs Lour. (Commeltuaccatj, A marsh plant 
with close panicles of pinkish flowen^ 

KAXGKONG BUKIT. 

fpoiftea peitata Mi<|. (ConrolvaUtceae). A very largfe climlier 
with beautiful yellow flowera 

KANGKONG GAJAIL (Akar) 

VittB lanceohu'ia Roxb. (Ampe/idtae). 

KAXGKONG LAUT. 

Ipomea dvjUata L (Conrolvuhceae). A large pink flowered 
convolvulus with digitate leaves. 

KANGKONG PASIR. 

Ipomea antjvxtifolia Jacq. (Conroint Parent). A small yellow 
convolvulus with a purple eye. 

KANKA BONA. 

PhyUantkus pnU'her ^Vall. {Ruphorhiaceae), A low shrub. 
KAXRIAN. 

Preiuna coripnlomt Roth. {Verbenot-eae). A large climbing 
shrub with small white flowers. 
KANTAN. 

Xtcolaia imperialh Iloran. (Scittjuuineae). A large wild ginger 
with cone-shaped heads of pink and white flowers and 
bracts. The buds are used in curries. 












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l24 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

KANTAN nUTAN. 

1 :. KAPALA BERUK. 

^\ . ■ llydnoiihtitum foimicwium Jack. (Rubiaceae). The Ant- 

. '""i plant; literally A|^*s head. A curious epiphyte, the stem 

^ .^ of which swollen into a tuber is channelled and forms a 

' i nest for ants. 

' : : , KAPANG. (Akar) 

' ' Liiiofffotna fcandtM Griff. (Thi/meleaceaejk A long slender 

shrubby climber with greenish white tubular flowers. 
KAPA5. 
'". I . : Cotton. The various cultivated forms chiefly, Gossj/ptnm herba* 

* ' *- renin L. (Mafvucene). The word is derived from the 

t Sanskrit Kilrpasa. Favre gives Kapas Taun, Kapas 

UUMA, Kapas Muri, as names for various forms of 0. 
'. ' herbitceum L.; KaPas BkngGALA, G. herboceMiu, var nti- 

' J ' \ folium Kapas Besar for O. arboreum L. 

KAPAS-KAPAS. (Malacca) 

Jlibtscus floccosHS Mast. (Malvaceae). A big tree Hibiscus, 
the flbre of which is used as bast. 

KAPAS HANTU also KAPAS HUTAN. 

/HbtfvM abeliiioschM L, (Malvaceae) The seeds are ground 
and used as a powder for the face. A common weedin vil- 
lages, the flowers are large and yellow with a marooneye. 

KAPAS (Buah). 

Xanthophyllum obscurum Benn. ( Polygalaceae), A tree with 
large globular brown fruits. 

\ KAPAS BULAN. 

Xanthophyllum i*ufum King. (Po'ygalaceae). 

KAPAYUNG Also PAYDNQ. 

Paiujium edule Miq. {Bixineat), A tree from the seeds of 
which oil is made. 

KAPAYUNG. (Akar) (Pahang) 
' . ; Jlotlfffonin heterochta Hook. fil. (Ciicurbttaceae). A large 

] .- ; !| woody ground with big seeds like those of the PoKO 

. • ' ,^1 Kapayuno. (Pangium edule^ Bl.^ from which oil is made. 

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MALAT PLANT NAMES. 125 

KAPAYDNO AVER. 

Oardema tenfaculata Hook. fiL (RuhuiceaeJ. A shrub with 
green flowers spotted with \vd. 

KAPAYUNO IPAS. 

Oardema tubifera Wall. (Rubiaceae.J 

KAPIALU. (Akar) 

Grewia unibeliaia Roxb. (TtiiaceaeU 

KAPIALU PAJAN. (Malacca) 

Pittosjwrum ftvrugineinu Ait (Pi11o*poreae)* 

K A PONG, see Kkpong. 

KAPOK. 

Eriodendron anfractuosuin Dec. (Malvaceae), The cotton 
tree. TLis is I believe Javanese, but is sometimes used 
here, though Kauok is more common in use. Filet gives 
Kaboh as Javanese and Malay. 

KAPOK. (Akar) 

Acacia intsia Willd. (Legumina^ae). A climbing shrubby 
plant- 

KAPO-KAPO. (Malacca) ' 

A Uomorphia Grijffilhii Hook. fil. (Afe!astomaceae). 

KAPUR. 

Camphor. 

KAPURBARUS. 

Sumatran camphor. Dryobalanop^ aromatica Gaertn. fDip* 'J . 

tei'ocarpeaej from Barus a place in Sumatra. -; | 

KAPUR TOHORI. jlj. 

Japan camphor. The product of Cinnamomm camphora Fa 1 ^ . 

(Lauraceae). ; > . 

KARANCHONG. (Pahang) fj 

Bryophiflluia calycinum Salisb. (Cra^ttulaceae). A large fleshy 'f / 

leav^ herb common on the coant ^1 | 

KARANG. (Bunga^ V' 

Dent ell a repens Forst (Rubiaceae). lAL coral flower. An in 
conspicuous little weed with white flowers. 



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MALAY PLANT NAM^S. 



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KARAS. KARASGAHARU- KAKARAS. 

See also Tui Kaka8. The lign aloes, or Galiaru Wood. 
AquUaria ina!acc€nsi3 Lam. {Thymeltactae). 

KAREU HITAM. 

LinoBtoma scandens Griff, (Thymtleaceae). 

KASAI. 

Aporom Benthauiiana Hook. fil. {Euphorhiaceae). A small 

trea 
Also more commonly Pometia pinnata (Sapimlaceae), A 

large tree common on river banka The timber is good 

but rarely straight. 
KASAP. 

CUroiUndron nilasitm HI. ( Verbeiiaceae), A rough (kasap) 

hairy shrub with white flowers cotiimoii^in waste ground. 
See also Bui.UH Kasap. 

KASASUS. 

The cashew nut A nacanlium occidtntah L, (A uavm^diaceae), 

KASI. (Johore) 

Gomphia l/ooken Planch. (Oclinaceae). A small tree with 
deep claret-coloured flowera 

KASIDANG. (Malaaa) 

Canangium Svorfecimm King. (A iionareae). A tree. 

KASIU HUTAN. 

MocM Tmhca F*. (Myrnneae). 

KASIP BUKIT. 

Agfaia cordata Hiern. (MeltaceaeJ, 

KASIP HUTAN. 

Dysoxyhn macrofhyr^nm King. (Meliacene), 

KASIR. 

Trigonochlamyn Gnjifhii Hook (il. ( Burnet aceae). 
KASTURl. 

Mu^k. See Bunqa Kaatitrl 

KASTUUl HUTAN. 

Gomphandra ianceoiata King. (Olacineae), i^U wood-musk. 

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MALAY PLANT NAME^ 127 

• * .* • ■ 

KASUM. '.'-.v 
Polygonum fldcciduut Meissn. {Poti/gouaceae). Sec K A LIU A 

Paya. r 

KASDMBA, ;,^1J 

The Amotto. BUa orellaiia h. (Rxxinuie). \\:X> Epiprmns -// i 

Matayahus GnU. (Euphorbiaceae), / '• 

K ASUMBA or KASAMBEK. , .:: T * 

Cananum Bet-undum Benn. {Durseracea€\ Also Autidesma ' j *. 

Ghacifembtfia L. (Euphorhiaceat). (Maiiigay's list). , ' *".. 

K ASUMBA BUKIT. J^ 

Trichospermum Kurzii King. ( TV/iocf fie ). So called from -C ^' * 

the resemblance of the p^s to those of Amotto. v.. : 

KASUMBA JANTAN. -f ;■ 

Ostodes macrophyllH9 Benth. { Eaphorhiaceae). ';,' 

KATAHHUDANG. KATAWA HUOANG. (in Maingay's list) > 



Buchanania acuminata Turcz. (Anacardiaceae). See Otak 



Acrofiychia Porteri Wall, {Rutaceae), 



Cynotnelra potyandra Roxlx {Ceguminogaey 



J- 



HUDAKQ. 

KATA BILEH. V 4 , 

Castanopsis hystrix A. De C. {Cupufi/trae). A large wild | 

chestnut. ; 

KATAH. 

Dtsmodium iatifoHuiH Wall. (Leyuminosae), Y I 

KATCHAM. (Johore) ; 

Eugenia tineata Bl. {Myrtaceac). A common tree more 
often known as Kelat .]■ 

KATIAK. * 



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KATIMBONO. (Kedah) ^; 

Salacia favescem KurA {Wtamneaey A large shrub with ^ T* 

small yellowish flowers and globose orange fruits. *; v ' 



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KATOMINON. (Penang) [ 

Tnchosanthes cordata Roxb. {Cucurbitaceae), Probably a. ;r |i ^ 

variant of TiMUN, which see '}• 

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KATONG. •[ 



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128 MALAY PLANT NAMES 

KATU (Kayu). 

Oatodes microphyllus Benth. (Euphorbiaceae\ 

KATDMBAR 

Destnodium ^wlycarpum I)e 0. ( Leguminosae), Also Coiian- 
drum mtivum. The coriander seed. (Uttibefiiferae). 

KATUMBAU UUTAN. (Malacca) 

Sida carpimfolia L. {Malvaceae). A common little sbrub 
with buff flowers, growing in wasto ground. 

^^ . KATUMBET. 

•' ;: Leticas zeylanka Br. (Labiatae). A common white floweied 

. ^j. herb used in skin diseases by the Malays. 

KATUMBET JANTAN. 

Emilia sotivJiifolia De 0. (Com^fositae). A kind of groundsel 
with pink flowers. 

KATUMBET PADANG. 

Blainvillea iati/olia De C. {ComjHMitaeJ. A common little 
weed. 

KATUP-KATUP. 

' Bauhinia hidenkda Jack. (LegnmiMmu), A handsome climb- 

j ing shrub with orange flowers. 

KAYAP (Akar). (Selangor) 
] Acacia intsia Willd. {Leguminosae). A climbing thorny 

shmb. 

KAYTENG. 

Myrica Sagi L. (Mgricaceae). A sea-shore tree. 

KAYU- 
Wood. 

i KAYU MANI& 

Cinnamon. CinnanwiHum z eg hone urn L. (LauriM<u). The 
name is also used for the wild cinnamon, C. iners BI. 

KAYU MANIS (Akar), 

Acacitt pinnata Willd. (Leguminasae). ' 

KAYU PUTIH- 

The Cajeput oil tree. Melaleuca Uucadendroii L. (Mgrtaceae). 
This word has been perverted through the Dutch npelling 



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MALAY PLANT NAME& 



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Katjoe POETlH, into Cajeput. It merely means white 
wood. It is given by Favre as Malay, but the plant is 
always called Gklam hei*e, 

KKCIIAPI. 

S(Mtloncnm vaduituin King. {Mtiuivcat). A fruit tree oc<:ur- 
ring wild and in cultivation. The fruit much resembles 
the allied Sen to! , 5. tmticuM. 

KKCUAPI HIJTAN. • 

Sufuforicum th.^itnemoii Bail I. (Mtlittceae). 

KKUANGSA. 

The pumelo (Citrui* decHwanuf) according to Favre. 

LIMAU KEDANGSA. 

A cultivated form of the lime, Cilnntucida Roxb. {liuUiceae). 

KEDAWANG. Also KEKAYANG and GUDAVVAXG. 

Parl'ia Roxburghii {Lcf/umhtostte). A big tree with feathery 
foliage and large woody pods the seeds of which are used 
as peppermint by the Natives in cases of stomach ache. 

KEDELI. 

Phaseolitti mumjv L. See under Kacuang. 

KEDUDUK. 

More commonly Senduduk, which see. Meliuslowa ^fofy an 
thuui HI. and other r<pecies. {MelaMomiiceuey 

KELABU. 

Webera moUis VVall ( Uubiaccite). ** The grey plant** A 
shrub with white Howers the leaves of which are softly 
hairy and give it a greyish appearance from which per 
haps it takes its name. 

KELADEK INGAN. 

Vitis cinnamomea VVall. (Ampelidtac), A common wild vine. 
KELADEK TANA. 

Vitis yrai:{lis Wall. (AfHpeiideae). 

KELADl RIMAU. KELADI ULAR. 
Alocnsia hnffHobii Miq. {ArouUut). 

dium,** so called from the mottled leaf stalk, 
wild aroid. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



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KELADI PARI. 

Cifvtosfitrma hmoidei* (J riff. (Aroidcae). A tlioniy stem- 
med aroid growing in swamps. Also called Gli-Gm. 

KELADI MOYIANG. 

Ilomahmeita cotmlescenn Jungh. This is often contiactud to 
Kelamoyiang and this to Kemoyanq. 

KELADI SEBARIXa 

Aiocaftia ntacrorrhua Schott. (Avoideae) A very large 
aroid very commonly cultivaled for its eatable stum. 

KELADI TELOR. 

Cotocana antitjuot-hm fj. (Aroidtue), The common small 

keladi cultivated everywhere. 
Keladi China, Keladi IIudang are other cultivated 

forms. 

KELAMA HIJAU. 

Afternan(hf.ra semlis Br. {Atnarantaceae), 

KELAMOYIANG. Also KEMO YANG. 

Ilomahmena coentlescens Jungh. //. rotftrata Griff, and other 
species {A roideae). Common plants in wet jungle. Hiis 
word appears to be a contraction for Keladi MoYlANG 
signifying ancestral keladi. 

KELAMOYIANG. (Rumput) 

A/pihia conckigera Griff. (Scttaimneae). A grassy leaved 
ginger more commonly known as LANKUA8 RANTING. 

KELAMOYIANG. (Akar) 

Ritphidonhora minor Ilook. fil {AioideaeyX climbing aixiid 
growmg upon trees. 

KELAMOYIANG PADL 

Chaimuctadon GnJfiUni Schott (Arotdtae), A small aroid 
growing on banks in jungla 

KELANTING. (Bunga) 

Eurya acumnaJla De C. (Ttrmtroemiaceaty A common little 
tree in secondary jungla 

KELAT. 

A name applied to many species of Euatfiia of ^tbe sec- 
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MALAT PLANT NAMES. 



131 



fion StfttfQtnm and other trees somewhat rooe^nbling 
them. (Aftfrtaceae) 

KELAT AMPEDU JAVVA. 

Gomphia Snmatrana Jack. (Ochnncfae), A medium-sized 
tree with yellow flowers. 

KELAT API. 

Kugeuia fiUformiit Wall L. R, acuwinatiMnta Kurz. 

KELAT ASAM. 

Kuffcnia <kcuss{i(a and K. acuminatimma Kurz. Also Gar- 
ilonia txceha BL (TcvnMroemiaceat), (Malacca) 

KELAT BESAR. 

Kufjcuia pemtens Duthie. A straggling tree with large 
white flowers growing in densely wocded ravines. 
KELAT UELIAN. 

Kngenia filiJonnU Wall. K. acmmnaiifMma Kurz. and R, tub' 
(Ucussata Wall. 
KELAT BIRD. 

Ptervandra coeruUsceus Jack. {Melastomaccne). A medium- 
sized tree with small blue (lowers* 
KELAT BISING. 

Rugenia Grifitkii Duthie. 

KELAT BURONG. 

Rugenia macrocarpa Roxb. 

KELAT HITAM. 

Cttndlophon pai^vtfolim Oliv. (Otactueae). A large tree. 

KELAT JAMBU. 

Rugenia macrocarpa Roxb, 

KELAT JAMBU AYER. 
Rugenia venulosa Wall. 

KELAT JANTAN. 

Rugenia cgmosa Lam. 

KELAT JDLONG PUTIH. 

Aphania paucijuga King (Sapimlacfae). 

KELAT KOBU. 

Rugenia subdecusmta Wall. 









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132 MALAY PLANT NAMB& 

KELAT LAPIS. 

Kufffnio f/fformh Wall, also E, annmtiofifi^mn Kurz. E, 
iineafa BI. and E. pff^-ifcfia Wall. 

KELAT LAYU HUTAN. 

Parinanum nitithtM Hook, fil. (Rosaceas), A medium sized 
tree the small fruits of which are eaten. 

KELAT LAYU LADT. (Singapore) 

Eriog/ofwtm edult BI. (»Sapvulaveae). Also c*alled KELAT 
Jantan. a medium sized tree with very small eatable 
fruits. It is called Mertajam in many pla(*e8. 

KELAT MENAUN. Also SIAL MENAUN. 

Kibema simplex Korth. (}f elaiitomaceae\ A small useless 
tree with blue flowers. 

KELAT MERAH. 

Eugenia lineata BI. and /?. pynfolia Wall. 

KELAT PASIK. 

Parastemon Hrophyllunt A. De (?. (Rowceae). A good sized 
tree growing in sandj spots. 

KELAT PAYA. 

Decn,^pernmm f)ani<ttfatum Kurz. (Vt/rtacrae). 

KELAT PEXAOA. 

Eugenia cgmom Ijim. 

KELAT PUTIH. 

Eygenia litieata BI. and E. ji^n/oiia Wall. 

KELAT PUTIH BUKIT. 
Eugenia den$iJ!ora He 0. 

KELAT PDTRA. 

Eugenia renulosa Wall. 

KELAT TAXDOK. 

Ixora j)an*i/!ora Vahl. (Rubiaceae). 

KELAT TULANO. 

Aphania jHiucyuga King. {Sa^/indareaeJ^ 

KKLAPIT NYAMOK. (Singapore). 

DeaiSf}erMum jMuicuiatmn. Kurz., also Eugenia lineata BI. ' 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 133 

KKLAWAT. 

Torema pednnculann Bcnth. (Scroplittfanncae). A small herb 
with conspicuous blue flowers growing in swampy Oelds. 
KELEBOK. (Selangor). 

Ficuit Roxhurghii Wall. ( UrUcaceae). A large fig tree, with 
clusters of big figs on the stem. 
KELKDAXO. 

ArfocarpitM tanceae folia Roxb. { Cvficaceae), A large tree, 
which supplies one of the first cla.ss timbers. 
KELEDAXG BERUK. 

Artocarpus l^loocha Uoxb. ( Urtu-actae), 
KELEMBAI. (Malacca) 

Craefaeva macrocarpa King. (Capparideae). 

KELEMBANANO. (Selangor) 

Aiocwtiaup, (Aroideae). A wild species with rounded leaves 
probably undescribed. 

KELEMOYIANG AYER. (Selangor) 

Tacca cvistata Jack. (Taccaceae\ The leaves somewhv.t re- 
semble those of some of the Ilomalomenas. 

KELEMPADANO. 

Vaccimum tuahcvense Wight, ( Vacdniacerif), A shrub with 
i<weet scented pink flowers and black eatable berries. 
KKLEMPENING. (Unkawi) 

Quercus Kututiei-t King. {CnpuHferae). An oak-tree. The 
word is an variant of Empcning and Mempening. 
KELEMPETI. (Malacca) j 

Aporosa Benthamiana Hook fil. (Kftfthovhiaveae), . J 

KELUMPAYANG. (Akar) ji 

Scindapsus sp. (AroUleae) 'J' 

KELIMPAYAN. ;; 

Anthocephalu^ cailamha Miq. (Rubiactae), - '» 

KELIPOH. 1 

The water lily, ytptiphoea utellafa Wild. {Ni/mpheaceat). 

KELIPOH PADANG. 

Lophiocai^puM fpiffmien^'A Rich. (A fi^titaceae). An aquatic plant 
growing in rice fields, with round leaves and white flowers. 









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MALAY PLANT NAMKC^. 



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KELOMPANG KRAS. (Kedah) 

Biichanania luckla Turcz, {Anaca^'tUaceae), 

KELUMPUNG MATA PUNAT. 

FicuB ckartarra Wall ( Urticaceae). 

KELUMPUNG. K. GAJAU. K. BUKIT. 

Ficus Mv/uelti King. {Urticaceae). The word Kelumpnng 
signifies a mass and |^>robably refers to the mass of figs 
bonie on the branches of the tree. 
KELUMPUNG BURONG/ K. JANTAN. K. AVER. 
FicHB alba Reinw. /(Urtiacceae). 

KELUMPUNG AGAS^ 

Ficits suhuhita 
KELUPOS (Akar). 

Leitsonna l/irrtV^a^t Clarke. {Conro/vuhceae). 

KELURAT. r^Lumput) 

Lophathetvum gracife (Gratnineae). 

KELESU PliNANG. 

Pet-icaynpifltts incanhs Miera (MemBpe^^tnaceae). 

KELILAYAN PUTIH. 

Cvp^niia paiiiduia Hiero. (Sapimlaceae). 

KELIIC;GKINO. 

h^ephefiuM Litchi Caroh. (Sapindaceae). Favre is the autbo- 
/ ritj for this name. The tree never fruits here, but I he 
/ fruit is imported .from China. 

XvELINTAT NYAMOK. Also KSLINTAT KRING. 
Decaspenmim panictUalum Kxiva. {M^rtaceae). 

KELINTATKRA. (Akar) 

Rourea ruga$a Bentb. (Conuaraceae). 

KELOR. Also KELU. 

Monnga pterygoBperma Gaertn. (.)foringeae). The horse- 
radish tree. See also KrLUtt. 

KELULUT MERAH. 

Cgathuia ptvstrata Bl. {A atarantaceae). 

KELULUT PUTIH. (Malacca^; 

Shla cordi/olia L {Mairarntr), The Kelulut is a small bee 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



135 



A very largo tree 
This is given by 



{Tntjona) which may often be seen at the flowers. 
The plant b a common little shrub with buff flower& 

KELULUT. (Poko) 

IJrtna hlxila \», (MiUraceati). A common little shrub with 
pink flower?. Commonly known as Peupulut. 
KELULUT GAJAU. 

Artanema sesamoidts Wall. (Scropltuiarvteae.) 

KELULUT. (llumput) 

Fuirena 'jhmtrata {Ctf/ftraceat). 

KELUXTING. 

Stei'culta ntbv/iiioj^i Vent, (S(ercHiiac€<t^). 
KEMAXGA. 

Mawjiftra kemanga Bl. {Ancuxinliaceaey 

KEMBANG BANGKEL 

Amorphoi^hallus vavuthUi* Bl. {Avoideae). 
Clifl'ord and Swettenham as Malay, by Filet as Malay and 
Sundanese, but the plant has not yet been found in the 
Malay Peninsula. It is a native of Java. 

KEMBANG SAMANGKO. 

Stercniia scaphi/cra Wall. (StetcuHacent). The name means 
that which Alls a cup, alluding to the peculiar property 
of the seeds which if placed in a cup of water appear to 
swell so as to All a small cup. The outer coat of tliese 
seed contains much mucilage, which swells in water so as 
to form a large soft gummy mass, which is supposed to be 
very wholesome to eat. The plant is an enormous tree. 

KEMBAJA. 

Plumiera acutijoiia {AjHfjtiiiceae). The FrangipannL Pavre 
gives this as Malay. 

KEMINGU. 

Cadolropis giganteii. (AjfcfepiwUtui). 

KEMINIYAN. Also KDMIAX, KAMINAN and KUMKYAN. 

Gum benjamin. Stgrac benzoin L. {Sttfrnceae), A medium 

tfized tall tree with sweet scented white flowers. The 

gum is obtained by cutting the bark, whence after 

some days it exudes. 



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KEMINIYAN PAYA, (Akar) 

Diwcoreu pffitjblia Ruiith. (DiiK^cortaccae) 

KKMINIYAN UA>TU. 

Jfedi/otM capitelfata Wall. {lUbiaccae). A cliuibiii«^' plant 
Also Dio/tcorea opftosttifo/ia L. {Diofcoretweaey, 

K EM PAS. 

CuMfHwia niafucccnitis Maingay {Lef/unnMOifue). A vast tree, 
with very hard wood which is only used for charcoal. 

KEMPAS KOMAX. 

Santiria Oriffiihii (Bnrstractat). 
KEMUNTING. 

lihoilomyrtn^ tomcntvsiu (Mifrtactat). 

KENANGA. Also KAXAXUA. 

Canon ga otlorata L. {Anonaccac). A tree with scented green 
flowers used for luaking perfume. 

KENANGA UUTAN. 

Pobialthia Scortechinii King {Anonwcae), A tree the 
Howers of which resemble those of the Cananga very 
closely. 

KENANGA UUTAN (Akar). 

Vnona discolor Vahl. (Anonaceue). 

KENANGA PAYA. 

Vnona hnt/ijfom KoxU {Anonactiu), A shrub. 

KExN'ARI. 

CananitM cunimune L. (Burserticeae), Filel gives Kanarie 



as Malay and Sundanese. 
here not being indigenous. 



The plant is hardly known 



KENARl WOLANDA. 

The Almond (Anii/gdaluf fptrsica) (lioi^ceat). This is given 
by Filet and others as a Malay word. I have never met 
with it 

KENCUING KAMBING. 

Jasmiuum stniiactfoliunt (OUacaie). A rather rare wild 
Jasmine. The name means goafs urine. 

digitized by Google 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



137 



KENCHING KERBAU. (Akar) 

Fibt'aurea chhrolettca Miers. {Menifpermaceat). Lit. Buffalo- 
urine. Probably from its yellow Juice, It is often called 
Akar Kunixg. The plant is a common woody climl)er 
formerly used to supply a yellow dye. 

KENCIllNU FELANDOK. 

Apostasia muta Wall. (Apo^Umaceae), A small plant with 
white flowers. 

KEXCHONG. 

RUipeia ntivoMi Uook. til (Anoiuiccad). A tree. 

KEXCHONG. (Akar) 

Melodoram Manubriatum Hook. fil. {Anoiutceaey A largd 
woody climber. 

KENCUOXG JOUU. (Akar) 

Unona dumosa Koxb. (Anonaceae). 

KEXIDEI. KEXIDEI JANTAN. 

Britleiia tomenlosa Bl. (EtiphorOiacate). Also more rarely 
NlDKl. A shrub or small tree. 

KEXIDEI BADAK. 

^ficrodcsit^i8 cascan'ae/olia Planch. ( Euphovhiaccat), 

KEXIhEI BABI. 

Brideiia sttpiiiarts Uook iiL ( Euphoihiaceac). 

KEXIDEI BUKIT. 

Oiovhitlion senceuiH Uook. HI {Euphorhiaceae), 

KEXIDEI UUTAX. K. GAJAR ^ 

Brideiia pmluhita Uook. fil. {EujthorbiaceaeJ. 

KEXIDEI PAYA. 

Olochidion Onnmeum Uook. 111. (Kuphorbiaocaey 

KENIDEI PUXAI. 

A ntidesma ctispidatu/u MuelL {Eujfhorbt€u:eae)* 
KENIKAH BATU. 

Hedifolis Auncularia L. {Jittbiaceiu). 

kentang. 

The potata Sotanum tuberosum L. {Solanaceac)» 






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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



KBP. 



Mdodoruin Julgem Ilook. fil. {Anoiuweae). A climber. 



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Phiiifdrum lanuginosum Br. (Phiii/draceae), An a(|uatic plant 
with tall spikes of yellow flowers. 

KEPAU. (Selangor) 

Livistofia Kingii Ilook. HI. {Pahnae). A very fine large 
fan palm. 

KEPING. (Akar) (Johor) 

Luvunga fcandtns Ham. (Ruiaceae). A strong climber with 
white orange blossoms. 

KEPONG. KEPONG HUTAN. KEPONG UANTD. 

Shorea macroptera Dyer. (Dipierocarpeae). Hark uwsd for 
making houses. 

KERAKAP AYER. 

Sonenla heterosUtnon Naud. (MelastomaceaeJ. A herb with 
pink flowers and green leaves spotted with white. 

KEUAK KIMBAH. 

Ebermaiera anfjustifolia T. Anders. (Accuithaceae), A little 
herb with white flowers growing in rocky ravinea 

KERAK-KERAK PAYA. 

Alternanthtra semlis Br. (Amarantkaceae.) 

KERAK NASI. 

VandtUia cmMacca Benth. {Scrophulai'tneae), Literally 
the rice which remains at the bottom of the pot. 

KERAK-NASI PUTIH. 

Liinnophila villosa Benth. (Scrophularineae). 

KERAK-KERAK JANTAN MERAH. 

Bonnaya veronicae/olia Spr. (Scrophularineae.) 
KERAK MERAa 

Torenia polyffonoides Benth. (Serophuiarineae,) 
KERANDANO. 

Carissa Ketwidas L. {Apocfnaceae\ A shrub with white 
flowers and dark red beines cultivated for its fruit. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



130 



KERANJI rAkar). 

Uytlnocarpun Sp. (Bixintae.) 
KERANJI SEKXlXT. (Tdalacca;. Also 

KERANJI TEMBAG A. (Solangor; 

Dialium platysepafutH Baker. (Lcguimnowe^ 

KERANJI UMBUT. 

Dtalium patent! Baker ( LeguminoMe,) 

KERANJI BURONG. 

Dialium Maingaiji Baker. (LeguttiinoMti.J 

KERANJI PAPAN. 

Dialium Uvninum Baker and Z>. plafgsepalum Baker. (Legn^ 
minoMi.) 
KKRANTEI. Also KERATEI. KERANTEI MERAH. 

Santina loevigata Bl. (Bur^eraceae,) Also S» ntHld/fom 
A. W. Benn. 

KERANTEI BATU. 

Sandria apiculafa A. W. Benn. (BuvHraceae,) 

KERANTU. 

MifHstica laurina Bl. {*^fyn9ficac€ae,) 

KERTAK HUDANO. 

Tetractomia iaurtfofia Bl. (Rutaceae.) Lit. prawn's spines. 

KERAS. (Buah) 

AleuritM mohiccauus Willd. (Euphorbiaceae.) The candle 
nut See also KxiflRL 

KERAT TELAMPOK also KERAT TULUNJOK. 
Cananum rujum A. \V. Benn. {Burseraceae). 

KERAXONO. (Selangor) 

Parhiajioxhnrghii Don. (Legvminasae), 

KERBAD JALANG. (Selangor) 

Oluia sp. (Anacardiaceaey One of the Reng^ trees. A 
large tree with fruit like a betel nut but green. I hare 
seen neither fruit nor flowers. The name, meaning Buf- 
falo on the loose, seems to be a humorous one given on 
account of the poisonous properties of the tree. . 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



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KERBAU DRAPAH. rRumput) 

DtfiinotUum iwhjcarpum De C. (Leguminosae.) 
KERCHUT. (Ruraput) 

Sctrpujt wucronatM L. (Ctjperaceae). A common sedge in wet 
places. The stems are used for makiniP mats. 
KERUBUT. 

Rafflesia Anwldi Br. (Jiaffleaiaceat). Compare KURUBUT 
TJiottea gramliflwa, 

KERUBUT FATA. 

Piper nmricattim Miq. (Pipetaceae): 
KBRUKAP RIMAU. (Malacca) 

Allomorphia exigua Blume. (Afelasfomaceae). 
KERUING also KORINO. 

Wood oil. Applied to the product and th«* tree. 
MINYAK KERUINO. 

DipterocarpuscornutufDyersLnd D. JloMtmi (Dipterocarnfat) 
KERUINO CHAIA. 

Dipterocarpus Kerni King. (Dtpferocarpeae). 
KERUING BULUn. (Minjrak) 

Dipterocarpus crinitvs Dyer. ( Dip(erocarpeae). 
KERUING DADEK. Also KERUING BUKU, 

DipiaH>carpus pterygocatgx Scheff. ( Dipferocarneaei 
KERUKOH BATU. 

Heilyotis amicufmia L. (RnbiaceaeJ. 
KBTAPANO. 

Terminaiia Catappa L (Comhretaceae). The Indian almond. 
KETOLA or PETOLA. 

Various pumpkins. 
KETOLA HUTAN. rAkar). 

Anatoiochta Rovburghiana Bl. (Aristohchiaceae). 
KETOLA MANI& 

Luffa cglindnca Roem (CucvrhitaceaeJ. A cultivated ffourd. 
KETOLA ULAR. 

TrichaswitheM anguina h. {CucurHtaeeae). The Serpent 
gourd. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMRR 



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KIAMBAN. KITAMBANO (Pavre). Also KAMBIANO. 
The water lettuce. Pisfia stratioUs k (Arohlene), An aquatic 
plant often cultivated by the Chinese to feed the pigs. 

KIANDONO. 

Evodia Roxhurghtana Benth. {Rutaceae). A common shrub 
in open country. 

KICUER-KICHER. 

Afytsine capitellata Wall. (Myrnineaf), A shrub with very 
small flowers and white drupes. 
KICHIE. 

Crt/ptocarya iMpre.^sa Miq. (Latfnneae), A tree. 

KILICni. (Akar) 

Omlamlina homlnc L. {Lequminome), A very thorny creep- 
er with yellow flowers forming bushes on the sea coast 

KILICHI RIMBAH. (Akar) 

Mezonem^tm sumatranum W. and A. (Leguminosae), A 
thorny climber with spikes of flame coloured flowers. 

KIPAS. 

Phifydrum tanuginoftum (Phihjdmceat). This word means 
a fan or fanned, probably alluding to the waving about 
of the plant in the wind. It is an aquatic plant with 
yellow flowers. 

See Also Rot an Kipas. 

KIRAI. fAkar) 

fliptage sericea Hook. 6L (Afafpighiaeeae). 

KiSAR. (Bunga) (Malacca) 

AhutUon indicwn L. (Malvaceae). " AVheel flower.** Per- 
haps in allusion to the circular flowers or the shape of 
the fruit 

KISI-KISI. rSelangor; 

Justicta Oendarussa L. (Acanthaceae), More commonly 
known as Oendamsa. 

KIJAI. 

Afangi/era Sp. {Anacardiaceae) Tngonochiamye Qriffithii 
Hook fli. ( Burseraceae) Produces an expensive Dam- 
mar (Maingay*8 list) 






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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



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KI.TIL (Sakai of Selaiigor). 

. Smiiax IJelJeri A. D. C. (LUiaceaf). See Bana. 

KLANA. (Akar) 

Dioscorea opjwititifoiia Linn. (Dioscoreaceae) 

KLASAK. 

Iguannra pohfmorpha Hecc. (Pahnae). A small palm. 

KLURT. 

Sterculia camjxinulata Wall. (Stevculiaceae). 

KLUNA. 

5/wi7aa: megacar^Hi. (Liiiaceae). A climber with large fn^'^^" 
berries. 

KOGUEL. 

Piospgroif hicida Uiern. (Kbenaceae). Also KaYU ARANG. 

KOMHEL. (Malacca). 

DtfsoxtfioH macrothyrsum Miq. {Afeliaceae). 

KONDONDONG. Also Kadondono, which see, and DONDONG 
Cttnarhtm Spp. 

KOPIE. 

Coffee. Coffea libenca Iliem. and C. arahica L. The com- 
monly used word in towns where Kaiiwah, the AraWc 
one, is not known. 

KOPINO ATER. (Johore) 

Qanhnia tuhtfera Hook. 111. (Ruhiaceae). 

KORMA. 

Phoenix paludosa. {Pahnae). The wild date palm growing 
in muddy tidal swamps. 

KORNUM. 

Glochidion hirsutum Muell. {Euphorbtaceae.J 

KOWOn. (Rumput) 

Polygonum pedunculare (Polygonaceae). A small plant with 
h^s of pink flowers, growing in ditches. 

KOYAH. (Akar) AlsoKUAYA. 

MiUettta enantha Benth. (Leguminome), A lofty climber with 
purple flowers covered in part with a golden pubescenca 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



143 



KOYAU ASAM, (Akar) 

Vitis spi (Amf}eiideae). Al80 called AkaU OlIAUANU TUJOH. 

KlUBU, 

XatithophtfUuiH rn/uiit lionii. ( I^olif*jafat'eae), Main^ay*8 list. 
Lophopttaluin fiinhriutum Wight. {Celastrineae) iu Si|i[fa- 
pore. A gigantic tree. 

K RAM AT IIUJAN. 

Ixora fill genu (liubiiwcae). The large orange Ixora com- 
mon in junglea. 

KUEAN BATU. (Penang) 

Eugenia grandia Wight {MgrUweac), A large ti*ee. See 
JAMHU AYEU LaUT. 

KRKAN LADA. 

Eugenia hrachiata Roxb. 
KROIE. 

Lophopciatum jHtUidiuH I^W8. (CchuiU'incae) This was given 
to me by Professor Vaughau-Stevens who says the plant 
is poisonous. 

KUAYAU. (Akar) 

MiUettia eriantha Bcnth. (Lcguminome). Also KOYAH. 

KUBANGAN. 

Fiats annulata Bl. ( Urticaceae\ 

KUBIN. (Malacca) Also KUBAXG. 

Afacaranga megalophylla Muell. (Enphorhiaceae), A soft 
wooded tree used for making whirligigs to frighten birds. 
KUBIS. 

A cabbage. Brassica oleraceu L. {Crnci/erae)* 

KUCUING-KUCUING. 

Aihnosma capitatum Benth. {Scrophularineaey lAt cats. 

KUDADA. 

Duahanga sonneratioides Ham. (Lifthraceae), 

KUDAGA UDTAN. 

Xglopta magna Maingay. (A nunaceae). 



KUDAK. (Penang) 

Piper iongum L. {Piperaceae), 



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144 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

KUDUMAK. 

Ophiorrkiza sfx {Rnbiaceoe), A small herb growing on 
rocks in jungle. 

KUGIT-KUGIT BABI. 

Cosciniwn feuestratum Colebr. {Meiiufj)cnnaceae)» A large 
: H i climber. 

KDKU. (Jobor) 
' ' i[ Mtfrsine capitellata Wall. {Mtfrsineae), 

• ,ll KUKUBALAM. (Akar) 

1^: Zizyphvs Oenopiia Mill (HhaiMieae). Also KUKU TurAI, L 

.>> ^ f [•. KuKULANG. A common thorny scandent bush. 

; ;J KUKU BALING. 

i '5 ;; Memecffion heteropleurum Bl and J/, wifrsinoidcs Bl. (Melmto- 

•.' , *4 ;; Dtoceoe). 

• ^ ' KUKU BANING. (Akar) 

. k > Canthium sp. (Ruhiaceae). Apparently an undescribed 

' , ^ t k ' species. It is a climbing thorny shrub with soft leaves 

3 '[ and small green dowers. 

• \>| KUKULANG. (Akar) 

I ' Bandia fascicufata De C. {Rubiaceaey *' Eagle's claws" from 

its hooked thorns, a shrub sometimes climbing, with white 
flowers common near the sea. 

KUKULANG PAYA. - 

The wild Jasmin^ JitsiHinum hifarum Wall. (Oieaceae), 
This is probably so named from its resemblance to the 
RaHdia/asciciiidUa Dee, as it is quite unarmed. 

KUKULANG RIUBAH. K. BETINA. 

Zizyphut caiophjfUus Wall. (RhatHHeaeJ. A very thorny 
^ 1^ clumber. 

KUKUPO. 

Commeiina nudifiora L. {Commelinaceae). A little herb with 
bright blue flowers, common in waste ground. 

KUL (Akar) 

Discludia RaJUstoHa Wall. {Asclepiadeae). A climbing epi- 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES 



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KULALAWAT. 

Torenta asiafica L (Scrophnlanneae). A blue flowered berb 
often cultivated. 

KULALAYO HITAM. 

Ariftera Httoralis Bl. (Sapindaceae). A tree. 

KULAPI. See Kechapi. 

Satidoricum radiatum King. (Mehaceae), 
KULAT. 

A fungus, usually an agaricua 

KULAWAI. (Akar) 

Mijxopyrum nervoi*uM Bl. fOieaceae), 

KULEUN. 

Dijso.ryhint cauiiflovunt Hiern. (J/e/tacea«). 

KULIM. 

Sorodocarpiis hornenms (Olacineae). A large tree every 
part of which smells strongly of onions. The timber 
which is dark red is of high class quality. 

KULIPCNANG. (Sungei Ujong) 

Modecca singaporeana Mast. {Pamjloreae)* 

KULIT LA YD. 

EriogUissum cduie Bl. according to Jack. See Kelat Layu. 

KULIT LAWA. 

Cinnamamomum parthenoxiflum Meissn. {^Laurhuae)^ But 
the name properly belongs to C. cuHt lairwi Nees. and 
C. camphoratum Bl. of Java and Sumatra. The word is 
generally used for the aromatic bark imported from Su- 
matra. 
KULIT NIPIS. (Penang) 

Pternandra capitellata Jack. {MsUtstomaceae), A tree. 

KULO. 

Dolichandrone Rheedii Seem. (Bignoniaceae). A shrub or 
small tree growing in tidal spots, with large white tubular 
flowers very fugacious. ' 
KULU BABI. 

Webera hng\foiia Hook. flL (Rvhiaceaey, 



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MALAT PLANT NAMES 



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KULUMBAR. 

Erynginmfoetidum L. {UiiiheUiferae), A tbistle-like weed 
with a nauseous odour common in villages. It is used in 
native medidne. 

KDLUMBAL 

Cratatva macrocarpa King. {Capparideae). 

KULUBONG. (Rumput) 

Pantcum sartnentasum Roxb. 

KULUNOT. 

StercuHa campanulaia Wall (Sierculiaceae), 

KULUPUS. fAkar) 

Hiptage seiicea Uook. 61. (Malpighiaceae). 

KULUR. Also KELUR. 

Artocarpus incisa Var. A cultivated vaiiety of the bread 
fruit. 

KULUSOM. V 

Euphorbia pilulif era L, (Euphorbiaceae). 

KUMANI. 

Panicum myosuroideB Br. {Gramineae). 

KUMAN JOLOH. 

Phytianthus urinaria L. {Euphorbiacetu). 

KUMATAN. 

Randia macrophylla Br. (Rubiaceat). 

KUMAYANG. See KELAMOYANG. 

Chamaecladon Oriffithii Schott and other aroids. 
KUMBAH. 

Sdrpus mucronatus L. (Cjfperaceae) 

KUMBAK. 

Zalacca WaUichiana Mart. (Palmae). A large almost stem- 
less palm with large thorny leaves. 

KUMBAR (Rumput). 

ScUna swHotrensis Retz. (Cyperaceae)* A common sedga 
KUMILI HDTAN (UW). 

Stetiwna tuberosa Lour. {Roxburghiaceae), A climbing plant 

•"Digitized by V:iOO^lC 



MALAY PLANT NA3IBS 



147 



resembling a yam but with curious brown purple flowers. 

KUMINIYAN. See Keminitan. 

KUMIS KUCHING. 

Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. (Lahiatae). \At, Cafs whiskers. 
A herb cultivated for its flowers, which are white or pale 
violet with long projecting stamens like a cafs whiskers. 

KUMKUMAH. 

Saffron (Pollen of Crocus Sativus L.) Imported and much 
used by natives. 
KUMKUMA HDTAN. 

Jasmvium Oriffithii C. B. C. {OUaceae). 
KUMOI. (Penang) 

DiospyroB ohloinja Wall. {Ehenaceae). 
KUMOJA BATU. 

Ebermaitra angusttfoHa Nees. {Acanthacea^. A small herb 
with white flowers. 
KUMOJA HUTAN. 

Eranthemum album Nees. (Acanthaceae). A tall half shrubby 
plant with a raceme of white flowers, common in jungles. 
KUMPAS DADEH. 

AnisophyUda Qnffithii Oliv. {Rhizophareae). 
KUMPA MANANO. 

Aporosa Prainiana King. {Euphorhiaceae). 
KUxMPAl. (Rumput) 

Panicum ntyurus H. B. K. also P. auritum Presl. {Oramtneae). 
Swamp-grasses the pith of which is used for making 
candles. 
KUMPAI BUNANG. 

Eriocaulon sexangulare L. {Eriocauloneae)^ 
KUMPAI TIKUS. 

Floscopa scandens Lour. {Commeiinace<uy 
KUMDKUS (Singapore). 

Cubebs, Piper cubeba L. {Piperaceae), 
KUMUS (Selangor). 

Irvingia malayana Hook. fil. (Simaruheat). This tree was 
pointed out to me as KUHUS, a timber of great reputation. 

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^IjiP^AY PLAirr NAMES 



The tree ip commonly called Pauii Kuang elsewheiv^ 
If n MUTING r-'^^^r) (Johore). 

i//iiiiwiia ''^'•'*"<^*« ^^>^- ^^^«/<«'o'"«c««')- ^^ ra*®r rare 
climly^r with rosy flowers. The word may be allied, with 
j^^-jiUNTlNQ, the rose myrtle (Rhoitomt/rtusJ^ the flowers 
^ whicb resemble tiiose of the Mariimia. 
ir^jj^ANGAN. 

Bouea macrophylla Griff. 



{Anacardiaceaey A fruit tree. 
{Enphorbiaceae). 



I^iJNDO. 

Macaranga tanarius Muell. 

KUNDOR. 

The wax gourd. Benincasa ceriftra Savi. {Cucurbitaceae.) 
Two varieties of this are recognised; KuNDOR China, 
with large fruit glabrous and covered with a waxy bloom 
when ripe; and KUNDOR Jaw A, in which the fruit i« 
covered with hair when ripa 
KUNING (Akar). 

Fibranrea chloro'euca Miers {Menis^HrMaceae). 
KUNKUNAN JANTAN. 

Elaeocarpus rqltff^^l^ Roxb. {Tiiiaceae). 
KUNP& Al*'^ V S.U jf^^ANO. 

Jfencr^r^ ""^^o^i^^H {Olacvieae). 

KU>^/IT^4^'"'?'*^/^^^^ 

Arnottd, . i -ft^ ^ L. {BMneae). 

KUNYET-KUNYET. {^^^r) 

Limacia tt-iamlra M'Jsrs. I^AfenisperMaceae)* 
KDNYET-KDNYET, 

Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric). {ScitoMtneae). 
KUNYIT. (Kayu) 

Cryptocarjfa impressa Miq. (Launneae). ** Yellow- wood.** 

KUNTUT (Daun). See Sekuntut. 
KUPAYIANO AYBR. 

Ixora parHflora Vahl. (Rubiaceae). Compare KapatuNG 
ATEB. 

KUPOI. See PUPOI. 

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MALAY PLANT NAME& 



149 



KUPOH. 

Acacia pinnata Willd. {Leguminosae), Aldo KapOH. 

KUPOR. (Akar) 

Rubus moluccanus L. {RoMceae). The common wild rasp- 
berrj, ^ 

KURANTING JANTAN. 

Smiiax UucophyHa Bl. {Ltliaceae), 

KURUP. (Daun) 

Cassia afata L. (Leguminosae), See GrLENQQAMG. 

KURAYONO. See Kedawunq. 

Parkia Roxhurghi Benth. (Leguminosae). 

KURIPAl.. (Johor) 

Durio Oxie/fanus Mast. (Malvaceae). 

K URN AN. 

Micromeiuvi pubescens Bl. (Rufaceae). 

KURUBUT, KERUBUT. 

ThoUea grandiflora Rottb. (AHstolochiaceae). 

KURUBONG PADI. (Rumput) 

Panicum trigonum Retz (Oramineae\ 

KURUDAS. KERUDAS. K. AYAM. K. API. 

Pithecolobium microcarpum Benth. (Leguminosae). 

KURUDAS BUKIT. 

Ciiestanthus hirsutuhts Hook. fil. (Euphorbiaeeae). 

KURUKAP RIMAU. 

AUomorphia Oriffithii Hook« fiL (yfehstomaceae), 

KURUMAK HUTAN. 

Cleistanthus laevis Uook. fil. (Euphorbiactae). 

KURUMAK BUKIT PAYA. 

Alternanthera sessilis Br. (Amarantaceae). 

KURUMAK (Akar). 

Ruellia repens L. (Acanthaceae). A little violet and white 
flowered weed common in grass. Also Ipomea augusti/oiia 
Jaoq. (Convolvuiaceae), A small yellow convolvulus. 



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I :. KURUMAK RUSA. 

1 i Jli/g^vphiia salicifoiia Nees. (^Ccan/AocM^). 

I KURUMAK SUSU. 

I , Euphorbia piiuli/era L. (Euphorbiaceae). 

i^ KURUMAK JANTAN, 

-. 5 i £c/i>/a a/6a Qassk. {Compositae). 

3' KURUNIT. 

j; AneiUma nudiflorum Br. (Con«c/mac«a«> 

KURUPOH BUKIT. 

CkaiUetia Griffithii Hook, fiK (ChailUtiaceat). 

KURUSEH PUTIH. ^ ^ 

Wtbera stellata Hook. fil. (7?ttWac<atf)- , Compare Geruseh. 

KERURUT. (Rumput) 

-.;.};; Lophatherum gracife Bingn (GroMineae). 

'J\ KURUTOT. 

. ^ • J : ChaiUetia Griffithii Hoot fil. (ChailUtiactae). 

'}!' KUSA-KUSA. (Rumput) v r. • *u *i •♦ 

Pa/.ictim colonum L. (Giviwimw^). Favre w the autbonty 

for this. 

KUSAMI. 

Mynca Naffi U (MyHcactae). 

I KUSEP KULUnU. • 

EHsmanthus obliquus Wall. {Euphorbiaceae). 

KUSIN (Akar). 

Limacia triandra Miers {Menispermaceae). 

KUSINOA. , ■ 

Carallia integerrima De C. (Rhnophoreaey 

KUS-KUS 

Andropogon muricatus Rate (Gra/Mtiieatf). The Vetiver, or 

^1. Cuscus grass. 

KUSIMBO. 

Sc^rosma arbareuM Ret*. (Mubiactae). 



.* ' KUTAKHUDANO. (Johor) Usually OTAK IIU DANG, 

: ] i s M,j, Buchanania acuminata Turcz i^^e^^^'^^QQ]^ 



MALAY PLANT NAMKS 



151 



KUTANG TAXDOK. 

Kibara cortacen End I. (}fonmiactiteh 
KUTAPET. 

Ventilago Mainyayi I^ws. (Rhamneae), 

KUTEPENG (Malacca). 

Cleomt viscosa \u {Capj^rideae). A weed with yellow 
flowers common in waste ground. 
KUTONA BETINA. 

Smiiax Ilelfen A. De C. (LUiaceae). 

KUTUM (Pahang). 

StepJiegyne speciosa Miq. {Rnbiaceae). 

KUTUNT RIMBAH, 

Lepulatjathis hyalina Nees (Acanthaccat,) A lierb with' 
with white Howers. The leavo8 are che'wed for cougha 

KUTONG PULUT. (Rumput) 

Alternanthera fotsitis Br. {AtHorantaceae), 

KUWINI. 

Mantjifera odorata Griff. (Anacardiaceae), A wild mango. 
According to Maingay the KUWIKI is J/, obfongifolia 
Uook. ill. 

LABANG. 

Curanga amara Juss. (Sa^ophulamuae). A little creeping 
herb used in native medicine. 

LABU AYER. 

A pumpkin. Cucurbita pepo L. {Cncurbttaceae). 

LABD AYER UUTAN. 

Trichosanthts cordata Roxb. A small wild pumpkin with 
bright red fruits. 

LABU JANTONG, 

The bottle gourd. lAtgenana vulgaris Ser. (Cucnrbitaeeae). 

LABU AYER PUTIH. 

Is another form in the shape of a club and Labu Eendi 
one in the shape of a bottle. 

LABU MANIS. LABU PRINGGL 

Are varieties of the gourd Cucurbita pepo L. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



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LABU MERAa 

The gourd, Cucurbita maxima Duchesne. ( Cncurbttaceae). 
LADA ANTAN. 

Piper lo)ickttes R. and Sch. (Piperaceat), A wild climbing 
pepper. 

LADA BURONG BESAR. 

Greenia Jaclii W. and A. (Uubiaceae). A shrub with small 
white flowers and fruits like pepper-corns. 

LADA CHINA. 

Piper chaba Hunter. (Piperaceae). 
LADA EKOR. LADA BEREKOR 

Cubeba Piper ctiheha Miq. (Piperaceae), Lit tailed pepper, 
on account of the pedicels of the fruit 

LADA UANTU. 

Piper canium Bl. (Piperaceae). Marsden gives also Lada 
anjing. A wild jungle pepper. 

LADA HITAM. 

Black pepper. Piper nit/rum L (Piperaceae). 

LADA MERAH. 

Capsicum annuim L. (Solanaceae). The red pepper or 
chilies. The word CUABAI is more often used. 

LADA RIMBA. 

Piper nbesioides Wall {Piperaceae). A large wild «:limbbg 
pepper. 

LALADA or LELADA. A contraction for Lada-LADA. 

Alsodeia echinocarpa Korth. {Violaceae). Also Tahei^naemon' 
tana malaccensie Hook, fit (Apocifnaceae), 

LADA-LADA JANTAN. PADI. HUTAN. 

Tahemaemontana malaeceneit Hook. fil. (Apoctfnaceaey Coo- 
traction LELADA. 

LADA-LADA. (Akar) 

Strtfchous Sp. (Loganiaceae). A climbing shrub. 

LAGA EOAN. (Johor) 

S^mplocci rigida C. B. C. (Styraceae) ~ 

-[>igitized by V:iOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT NAMBS. 



153 



LAGAN. 

Pimelamlra WaUkhii A Dec. (Mifr$vieae)» A small tree 
with small pinkish white Howers and white fruits spotted 
with gray. 

LAGIS HUTAN PUKOA. (Johore) 

Kibesm gaieaUi Cogn. (}fela»tomac€(u)* 

LAGUNDI. Also LEGUNDI. LEXGGUXDI. LANGGUX- 
DI. LANGGUDI. 
Vitex trifotia Linn til. (Vcrbenaceae). A small tree with 
violet flowers and atx>matic leaves used in native 
medicine. 

LAGUNDI LAUT. (Kedah) 

Homaiium sp, (Samydactae). . 

LAIANO. 

Crt/plocat f/a Grijfithiitna Wight (LaanHe€ie), 

LAKALAKA. MALAKA. 

Phijllanthm embfica L. and P, pect'tncUns Uook. fil. (KHphor* 
biaceae). From this plant Malacca is said to bo named. 
The two species mentioned ai-e hardly distinct, but the 
latter is the commoner form. The timber is of good qual- 
ity and the fruits are eaten. 

LAKALAKA JANTAN. 

Walsura multijuga King (Meliaceae), 

LAKOM. - 

Vitis sp. A name applied to several wild vines, the leaves 
of whidi are used to make a kind of tea. 

LAKOM BULAN. 

Also LAKOM LAUT, L. lANG-IANQ ffAJAU and L- 
UMRON. 
A common wild vine. 
Vitis diffusa Miq. {Ampelitkae)* 

LAKOM AYER. 

Jumtua sufruticasa. L. 

LAKOM GAJAH. 

Vitis moUimma Wall {AMptlideae), 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



LAKOM TBBRAU. 

Vitia novem/olia Wa!I. (Ampelideae). 

LALANO. 

Imperata cylindrka Beauv (Grainincae). 

LALANG JAWA. 

Imperata exaUata Brngn. 

LALANTAR. (Malacca) 

Ostodea viacvophjUtta Bentii. {Euphorbiaceae). 

LAMBAL 

Petunga renulosa Ilook. fil. (Rubiaceae). 

LAMBAS. 

Qomphaiulra lanceolata King. (Olacineae). 

LAMBEOA. 

CaloiropU procera Br. (Asclepiaileae), 

LAMBUSU. 

Fagrota Maintjayi Clarke. (LoganiaceaeJ. 

LAMBUSU PA YA. 

F. marindae/oiia Bl. A derivative from Tembusu. 
LAMIDINO. Also MIDINO. 

Stenocliioena paiusttis (Filices). A commoo climbiug fern 
the shoots of which are eaten. 
LAMPAI. 

AporoM Alaingagi Hook. fil. (Euphorhiaceat). 

LAMPAN BUKIT. (Akar) 

Smilax megacarpaue G. (Liliaceae). 

LAMPAI HITAM. (Akar). (Malacca) 

Ognodithodes sublanceolata Miq. (Rubiactae). A climber 
with small white flowers and lead colored berrie& 
LAMPANG BADAK. LELAMPING BADAK. 

Clerodendron disparijolium BL ( Verbenaceae), A small tree 
with yellow flowers. 

LAMPAYANG. Also LEMPOYANG. 

Zingiber Casiumunaar L. {SdtaMineat). A ginger often 
cultivated and used as a splpeoigtized by GoOgTc 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES 



155 



LAMPUN HITAM. 

Gefonium bi/anam Roxb. (Euphorbtaceae). 

LANA. (Akar) (Penang) 

If)omea digitaia L. (ConvoivulaceaeJ. A large oonvolmlus 
wiUi lobed leaves and pink flowerai 

LAXDAK. (Bunga) 

BarletHa prionitis L. {AcanOiaceae). Lit Porcupine flower. 
A bush with spiny bracts and leaves and orange-yellow 
flowers. 
LANDAP. Also SILANDAP. 

Crinnin asiatictim L. (AmaryUiihat)* 
LANDAS BUKIT 

Afacaranga tnloba MuelL (Eupfiorbtacfae), 

LANDAS PAYA. 

Or tenia Jackiana Wall (Rulxactae). Also Macaranga tri- 
loha Muell. (Eupfiorbiaceae), 

LANDONG PADL 

Conocephalus subtrinervius Miq. ( Urticaceae). A shrub with 
violet balls of flowers. 
LASGGADL 

Diospt/ros iucida Wall. (Ebenaceae). 

LANGGUNDI, See Lagundl 

LANGGUNDI BULAN. 

Tabernaemontana Malaccensts Uook. fil. (Apocpiaceae). 
LANGGUNDI BUNGA. 

Ixonanthes icosandra Jack. (Lineae), 

LANGUNDI PASIR. 

Jlemigraphia affinis Nees (Acanthactat). A creeping herb 
on sandy banks. 

LANGIRTAN KWAS. 

Cryptocaryaferrea Bl. (Laurineaejf 

LANGKAP. • 

Arenga obtusifolia Mart (Palmae). 
LANGKAP. (Akar) 

Tinomiscium petioiareMlers. (Afemsperma eetu). 



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LANEAM. 

fxtsiantlnis sp. (Ruhiaceae). 

LANKfiTlNG. 

Mytica nagi Thunb. {Mtpicaccat). 

LANGKUANG. 

Ostodes Moci'ophyUys Kenth. (RHphorhiaceae). 

LANKWAS. 

Alpinia Galanga L. (ScitamtHeae). An aromatic plant uf^ 
in making curries. 

LANKWAS RANTING. 

Alpinia conchi'jera Griff. (Scitamineae), A small wild ffinpfer. 

LANGSAT. LANGSAD. LANSAT. LANSAH. 

Lansium doviesticum Jack. {Meliaceae), A well known fruit. 

LANGSIT. (Penang) 

Pmniatomeris albidifiova Thw. (Pubiaceae), A shrub with 
sweet white flowers. 

LARA BATANG. (Pahang) 
Polyosma sp. (Saxifragactat). 

LARAH. (Akar) 

Mtlodorum fulgens Hook. fil. (ilfiOMacfoe). 

LARAK. LARAT. Also LEREK and LERIT. 

Phrynium pat*viJloruM Roxb. (ScitamineaeJ and Phr. Griff thii 
Bak. 

LARAK BETINA. 

Phrynium near pa%*viJlonun^ but apparently undescribed. 

LARAK MERAH. 

Polyalthia Ttysmanni King. (i4y}o;mcme). A small tree with 
orange flowers. 

LARAK MERAH. (Akar) 

Meiodorum hypoglaucum (Anonaceae). ^ - 

LARAT. (Selangor) 

AcrostichuiH auretim L. (Filices}, A very common large 
tidal-river fern. The shoots are eaten as a vegetable. 
The name PoKO Labat means the spreading plant. 

' "Digitized by V:iOOQIC 



I 



MALAY PLANT NAMES 



157 



LARI-LARI. (Rumput) 

Spmifex sfjuanosus IjaIx (Oramineae). Literally, the running 
grass, because of the way the heads of flowers run along 
the sands blown by the wind. 
LASANA. 

Acacia Farnesiatia Willd. (Legnminome). A shrub with yellow 
sweet scented balls of flowers. Common on seacoasts. 
LAWANG. 

Cloves, according to Favre. See KuUT La WANG. Ct«wrt- 
momum cuhtfawan Nees. 

LEBAN. LEBAN HITAM. LEBAN TANDOK. 

ViU.v jntbescens Vahl. {Verhenaceae), A tree with light 
blue flowers common in secondary jungla 

LEBAN BUNGA. LEBAN NASI-NASI. 

Vitex vestita Wall. (Verhenaceae), A tree with yellow flow- 
ers common in the jungle. 

LEBAN KUNYIT. 

Vitex sp. Allied to the last but apparently undescribed. 

LEBAN PELANDOK Also LEBAN NASI and LEBAN JAN- 
TAN. 
Evodia laiifolia De C. (Rtifaceae). A tree with white 
flowers. 
LEGUNDL See Lagundl 
LELADA. See Lalada. 
LEMPOYANG. See LampotaNG. 
LERfiK. See Larak. 

LELANO. 

Cinnamomuin nitidum BL (Laurineae). A wild cinnamon. 

LELEONG MERAH. 

Myristica Farquhanana Wall (Mifvisticaceae). 
LEMPAYAN. 

Stereospenimm glandufosum Miq. {Bignoniaceae), A small 
tree, with fair-sized lilac flowers. 
LEMPEDA BUAYA. 

Aralidium pinnatifidum Miq. {Araiiaceae.) 

Digitized by 



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158 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



LEMPEDU BURONO. 

Eloeocarpus Mastersi King. (TUiact(u\ 
: i ' LEMPEDU BURONG. (Akar) 

j t Canf/itum sp. (Rubiaceae). It is also called KULUR A I and 

' ' " ;'^ SURUMAT. 

LEMPEDU GAJAH. (Akar) 

Modecca Singa^wreana Mast. (Passifloreae). 

- >fU LEfiPlDU JAVA. 

Sarcocepfialus Junghuhnii Miq. (Rubiaceae). Also G^owi- 
-■ ;' r phandra Penangiana Wall. (OlacineaeX 

LEMPEDU PAUIT. Also BIDARA PAHIT. 

Eurycoma longifoHa Jack. {Simarubcae), 

, LEMPEDU TANAH. (Akar) 

. \\'\ Oiffiochthodea conacea Miq. (Rubiaceae), A climber. 

; i*; LEMPOYAN PAYA. 

; t.> M^Hstica Irya Gaertn. (AfyiisticaceaeJ. A tall wild nutmeg 

^ i . ^ g^erally found in wet places. 

;. I LEMPOYANG. (Akar) (Sungd Ujong) 

I .\ Tinomiscium petiolare Miers. (AlenispermaceaeJ. 

1 LENGA. 

Sesamum imlicum De C. (Pedalineae). More commonly 
known as BlJAN. 

LBNGGADl. 

Bruguiera pavviflora W. and A. (Rhizophoreae). 

LENJUANG MERAH. 

The common red Dracaena. Conlyline temninalis var. ferrea. 
{Liliaceaey 

LERIT PADL (Selangar) 

Phrynium new species \Sa«nnineae), Compare Larak. 

LETOP-LETOP. (Malacca) 

Passifiora foetida L. (Pa»s\fioreae). A common creeper 
near cultivated places. 

LISA. 

, . j. ;: : 1. . O^'^'i^'^ iu^mtrana {OchnaceaeJ. ^^.^.^^^ by GoOglc 

it' -;.-^-i.> 



MALyY PLANT NAMES 159 

LICHI. 

Nephelitim Litchi Carnb. (Sapindacnae). Imported fruits. 

LIDAI API. 

Civton OnJ/ithii llook. 61. (Eiiphorhiaceae). * ^ 

LIDAH BADAK. 

Pothus lati/olius Uook. fil. (AroiiUae). Lit. Khiuooerod* 
tongue. A climbing aroid. 

LIDAH BUAYA. 

Aloe ferox Hfivr. (Liitaceae). *' Crocodile's tongue/* from the 
spines on the edge of the leaf. Cultivated, the leaves are 
used as a hair wash. 

LIDAUGAJAH. (Daun) 

At/laonema obtongt folium SchoiL (A rouleae), *' Elephant's 
tongue leaf.** A large broad leaved aroid growing in 
wet jungles. 

LIDAH JIN. 

Iledyotia congesta Br. {Kubiiweae). A common herb in jungles. 

LIDAH JIN. (Akar) 

U. capitellata Wall. * j 

LIDAH JIN. (Rumput) i 

Pa*istrophe acuminata Nees. (Acanthaceac). A common lierb r 

with pink flowers. - ^ 

LIDAH KERBAU. LIDAH KERBaU BETINA. . f| 

Cleroihmlron dedexus Wall. (Vtrhenaceae). • ^ 1 

LIDAH KERBAD PUTia Also LIDAH-LIDAH KAYU. " 7 

MarUa ehenacea C. B. C. {Coniaceae). A large tree with ^ • ; 

white flowers. . \. . \' 

LIDAH LUMBU. ' ! ■.' 

Aneifema nudiflovum Br. (C- nmdinaceae). "Ox tongue.^ ^ ,.- 

A little weed with pink flowers. ■ . 

LIDAH KUCHINO. * J^ . 

Turnera ubnifoUa (Tuvneraceae)^ Lit cat's tongue. An a- 
troduced we^ with j^ettovf flowers. 
LIDAH MENKERANG. (ftumput) /: ^ .p^ 

Fuirena glomeraia Vahl. (CjfperaceaeJ. 



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I ?^ * Fagroea racemosa Jack. (Loganiacme). " Deer's tongue." 















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I60 MALAY PLANT NAMES 

LIDAH PATONO. 

Ipomea uniflora R & S. (Concohulaceae), 



\ small tree with pinkish flowers. 

LIKIR. Also LOKIE. 

AnwrphophalluB Prainiana Ilook. fil. and allied species 
(Aroidcae). The tubers are used in making arrow poison. 

LIKU. (Rumput) 

PiUfpalum scrohicu latum L. (Gramtneae)* 

V, LIKUDAUN, (Rumput) 

ScUria orgzoides Presl. (Ci/peraceae). 

LILAN. 

Xglopia eliiptica Maingay. (Anonaceae), 

LILAN UITAM. 
\ . t Gomphandra penangiwuwi Wall. (Otacineae). 

LILIMBO. 

Sphenodenma biirbaUi Schau. ( Verbcnaccac). 

LIMAD BERUK. 

A name applied to many species of XanthophgUum, There 
are also the variants Lamau and LUMAU. Some of the 
larger species give ggod timber* 

LIMAU BERUK JANTAN. 

Xanthophgllum aj/ine Korth. {Polggaiaceae), 

J ; LlMAU BERUK BETINA. 

i \ X* Maingagi Ilook fil. 

LIMAU BERUK PUTIH. 
X. Kutisteeri King. 

UMAH KBTAM. **^ 

^ Melochia corchortfulia L. '{StetxuUaccat). A common weed. 

RMAU ABONO, 

The Pumela CUru4 decumuia L. Also LlMAU Batawi. 
** Batavia Lime,** according to Favre, and LiMAU BESAIl 

LIMAU ABONG HANTU. (Selangor) and r- T 

\ • . .Digitized by V^OOgle 



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MALAY PLANT NAMK8. 



161 



LIMAU UANTC. (Paluuijr. Malacca) 

The wild punielo. Citntif tloumaHu \u var {liataccae). A 
tree with a lar^e [j^reen fruit witli the rind an inch thick 
or more and very little extremely acid (Ie»h inside. 

LIMAU BALI. 

Hie citron. Citrus ttialica L. From the island Bali. Favre 
gives this. The plant is very rarely cultivated. 

LIMAU GKDK. 

The bitter orange. CitvN.^ anrauthtw var Bigaradia, accoitl- 
ing to Favra 

LIMAU UUTAN. 

Acroniichia Porhri llook. til. {Hntacvat). A small tree witli 
green aromatic fruits as big as peas. 

LIMAU KAPA8. LIMAU KASTURI. LIMAU KKDAXG- 
SA. LIMAU KERBAU. LIMAU XIPIS. LIMAU 
FERUT. LIMAU SUSU. 
And a number of other names are given to varieties of the 
sour lime, Citrus acida L. 

LIMAU KEAH. 

Tnphdsia irijbfwiatu De C. The lime berr}'. 

LIMAU LELANG. 

Pavannyn^ja longispina Hook. Bl. (Rntaceae). A shrub; Uie 
fruits of which are used in native medicine. 

LIMAU LELANOANTAN. 

Biihmostrehlus ilicifoliuii Kurz. (Crticuccae). A shrub with 
holly-like leaves. 

LIMAU-LIMAU. 

Gelonium hifaiium Roxb. (Knjphorbtaceae), The foliage of 
this shrub has somewhat the appearance of a lime. 

LIMAU MAXIS. 

Orange. Citrtis aurantium L. 

LIMAU NIPIS. 

The common lime. Citrus aciihi Roxb. ** Thin-skinned lime.** 

LIMAU PAGAR. 

Atalantia Roxhuryhiaiva Ilook. fil. {Rutaatfu). 



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162 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



LIMAU WANGKANG. 

Chiuese orange. Citrus anmiitium var. 

LIMGUGAT. 

IMifotis vcatUa Br. (Rnbiactae). A coinmou weed. 

LIMPOXG JANTAN. 

Ewjenia Sp. (Myrtaceac). A tree. 

LIMPUTIH PAYAH. 

Urophi/Uum Onjiithianum AVt. (Rubiaceae). 
LING6UNI. 

Ardisia aenata Iloxb. CMtfnintaeJ, A shrub with pink 
Howers and red berries. More coiumuuly known, as 
Mata pelandok. 
LISGKEAN. 

Oxymitra sjx {Amnmtae). 

LINSUBAIL (Pahang) See LUMBAU. 

Curcuiif/o 8nm(Umna Roxb. (IlypaviiUat). 

LINTAXGRUAS. (Akai) 

Sphaenoilesma pentandra Jack. ( Verbenaceae). 

LIS-LIS. (Ruuiput) 

Acahjpha vnUca Ij. (Eupfiorbiacttiey, A little weed couiuon 
in Tillages. 
LOBAK. 

The Chinese radish, Raphanus caiuUUua {Crucifci-at). 

LOBAK-LOBAR. Also Lobak Jantan. 
Stuum aniheimintictiM Bl. (Fiagellaritae). 

LOBAK HUTAN. 

Lotoia tongiflora Scort {Scitamineae). 

LOKAN. (Akar) 

Trichosanthes nervi/olia Lmn. (CucurbitaceaeX 

WKAN PUTia LOKAX ASAM. 

Medinilla hasaeltii Bl. {^Melastoimctac): An epiphytic plant 
conspicuous from its red berries* 

LOKIEDLAR. 

Amorphopliallus Fiuinii Uook fil. (Aroideaei^ See LlilKIK. 



^luinii Uoot fil. (Aroideaey. See Leki 

^-Digitized by VjOOQIC 






MALAY PLANT NAME8 163 

Borasfiuii finftfUiJer L. (Palmae). The palmyra palm. 

LOW. (Daun) 

Various species of Anofctochih» orchtdeae, (See under DauN 
Low). 

LOW. (Kayu) (Lankawi) 

Vamla gtgantea LindL (OrcJndeae). 

LFBAN JAWL 

Gum benjamin, the product of S(t/ra> benzoin, . 

LUBAXGALAH. (Akar) 

ScimhtpsttA hcderaceuf Schott. (Aroideae). 

LUDAI. LUHAl PELANDOK. 

SapiuM haccatujn Roxb. {Eit^yfiorbiaceae), The leaves are 
are used to entice the mouse deer (Pelandok) into a trap. 

LrDAlJAXTAN. 

Daphniphyllum laurinum Baill. and yfallotns lancifoKxm Hook, 
fil. (Eitpkorhiaceae), 

LUDAI PADI. ' 

Uomahmthuf lyopulifoltm Gray. (EuphoMaceae), 

LUHAI BULAN. • J 

Cupania Ltt^i^eriiana Camb. {Sapindaceae), A small tree, 

LUIS. i 

Gomphia mmatrana Ilook. fil. (Ochnaceae). 

LUKEH. ^ I 

Tacca pinnafifida L. (Taccaceae). J I 

LCKAT. !' j . 

Aporosa Maingayi Hook. fil. {EupItoMaceae). ^; [ . ; ; 

LFKOT. ,! 

SifMpiocos faftciciilata Zoll. {Sfifinceae). 

LULANGRING BUDAN. . . 

Clerodendron disparifoNwMYM, (Verhenaceae), y'\ 

LULOR APIJANTAN. 

Loranthwf penfandnif I4, {Loranthaceae). 



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164 



MALAY PLANT NAMES 



LULUMBAH PAYA. 

Corytiilmxhh reiutrifolia Thouars. (Orchuhae), A tall largfe- 
leaved ground orchid with deliriously scented white 
flowers. 

LIJWAI UITAAL 

Bluutea Utcera De C. {Comiwaitae). A herb with jellowiRli 
flowers, 

LUMBAH. 

Stnctly applied to Cmcuiigo but olher plants with similar 
looking leave* such as Cahulhe and Siutthoghlfif^ ai-e al«o 
called by the same name. 
LUMBAH MERAH. 

Curculiyo recurvata Dryand. (//vyJonWf /?<»). 

LDMBAIi IIIMBAH. 
C sumatrana Roxb. 

LUMBAH BUKIT. 

Peliofianthes Hjpp, (Uiiaceae). Small jungle plants wilh 
broad leaves and green or purple flowers. 

LUMBAH PAYA. 

IIomaloMfna rostratutn Griff. {Arouleae). 

LUMBOH. (Akar) (Malacca) 

Vf mania scamffns Pe C. (Coitijxutifaf). 

LUMSU. 

^f at then sancfa Bl. (Monitniaceae), 

lum6s. 

Bifpof-in fascicyiata King. {BMneae). 

LUMPANG. 

CiftMMptlo^ Pareiva L. (yfem»)yeriiMceat\ 

LUMPOYAN. 

SfereofperMviH fimhnatmn De C. (Bignoniaceae), 

LUMPOYAN PAYA. See LkmpoyanI 
MifHfttca Irtfa Gaertn. ( J/yri>/fcwcwf), 

LUMUT, 

Moss, also applied to any mossy looking plant. 

Digitized by ViiOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT NAMRS. 



165 



LUMUT RUMPUT. 

Blt/xa malaecenm HidL (Ilndrocharhhae). A common 
a4]uatic plant with a tuft of narrow grassy leaves. 

LITMUT. (Akar) 

Jasiiiiimiin Hmilnnjoiwut Oriff. {Oleaceaf), 

IXMUT EKOH KUNIXG. 

rtvictihmaflfxuosa VahL (Lentthularieae). Lit Yellow tail 
ni088. A waterweed with yellow flowers. 

LrN'CHUL (Penang) 

Cratoxyhii polyanthum Kortli. ^ {/fifprnvtiiraf). 

LUXOAS PAYA. 

Gneiiia Jach'i Wall. {Rnhiavtue), 

LUNDO. 

Anti(hfinm liunitfx Spr. (Euphorhiaceae). 

LrNURANOP. 

GlochiiUon ieiofthflum Kur/.. {Kuphovbiaceof), A small tree. 

LITAXO. (Akar) 

.yfikania scHntteufi Willd. {Coinpo,^ifae). 
lAiPOK. (Akar) 

Moilvccit Sinffaporeaiin Mast. {Pamfforeae). 

LrPOXG MKRAH. • 

Ficus mhuhia HI. {Urtu^tuent'), Perhaps a variant of 
Kelampong. 

LFPOXG JANTAN. 

AntuUiima reiutinosum HI. (Kiiphorhiaceae), 

LUSAL 

Pitt ofipor urn femtifincNm Ait. {Piffoxporeae), 

LtlTlfS. 

A rdisia /tumilijt Vahl. (Afi/mneae). 

MADANG. See Medang. 

MAGAU AIsoMarkel. 

SarcocepJtalus jtuMitnj^ Miq. (Unhiarear), A tree with a 
good yellow timber suitable for liou.se building. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES 



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M4GUN JANTAN. 

Ailenastna coemUum Br. (Scrophulartneae), 

MAQANG. 

• Macaranga spp. A genus of trees, usually small, of little 
use except as fire wood. 
Pahang, the name of state is said to be a variant of 
Mahang. 

MAHANG RAYAN. (Malacca) MAHANG API. 

Macaraiiffa jaranica MuelL (Euphorbiaceae), The coranion- 
est Mahang, abundant in secondary jungle. It is usttl 
for fire wood whence its second name. 

MAHANG BULAN. 

Macaranga IluUettii King. {EuphwhiaceaeJ. 

MAHANG KUKUR. 

Macaranga triloba Muell. (Euphorbtaceae), A common 
tree. The KUKUB (Turtur tigrinus) is often to be seen 
about liiis tree feeding on the seed. 

MAHANG MAKAN PELANDOK. 

Ifatnalauthns popu/neus Grah. (Enphorbiaceae\ Lit The 
Macaranga that the mouse deer eats. 

MAHANG PUTIH. 

Macaranga hypolunca Muell. (Euphorbiactae). A tree with 
grejrish white stems and white underside to the leavea 

MAHANG SERINDIT. 

Macaranga IMUtiii King. (Eupkorbioceae). The SebiN- 
DIT is the common little loTobird. 

MAHUBI. 

KibesM simplex Korth. (Melastonmceae). 

MAIANG. 

Bama Motleyana Clarke. (Sapotaceae), A big tree. 

MAKACHANG HITAM. (Akar) 

Variant of KachaKG-KachaNG. Ageloea reatita Hook. fil. 
{Connaractae), 

MALABU. (Johore) 

Orewia miqueliana Kurs. (Tiiiaceae). 

' Digitized by V:iOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT NAMES 



\ei 



MALAKA. 

PhjiUmithtut pcctinaius Hook. til. {Eiiphorbiaccae) Also 
Laka-Laka. 

MALANKAN. 

Variant of BULANKAN. Ctftwrnttra injlifandia Koxlx (Leg- 
nmitwme), 

MALATI. AlsoMELATI. 

Jasminum S<unbac Ait (Oituveae). A cultivated jessamine. 

MALATI TOXKIXG. 

The Tongkin creeper. Pcn/niaria o^hratimma. {Aifciqnadcae). 

MAIiAUT. (Penang) 

Baianocarpus anonwius King. ( UipUrocnvpcat\ 

5L\LBAR. 

A bitfiion indicum L. (Malvaceae). 

MALBAR HUTAN. 

I I If pits smveoUm Poir. (Lahiatae). 

MALEBEHA. (Selangor) MALBEIRA. (Malacca) 

Fagroea faMiyiata Bl. (Loganiaccae). A small tree with a 
few spreading branches, and very large cabbage-like 
leaves. It occurs in tidal swamps, and the timlier is 
valuable for piles as it lesists tJie action of the Teredo. 

MALI. (Akar) 

Oynoctliodes coriacea Miq. (Rubiaceae). 

MALI-MALI. 

Contracted to Memalli. Leea Swubucina \Mld. (Ampeii- 
deae). A shrub common in open country. 

MALI BEDURL 

Leea horrida Miq. A thorny species. 

MALI-MALI BUKIT. 

CUivdendron nutans L. ( Vfrbtnaceae). A shrub with white 
flowers. 

MAL0N6. 

CoptoBH})elia Qrijjithii Ilook. til. (Rubiaceae), A climber 
with white flowers. 



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168 



MALAY I'LANT NAMES. 



MAIAJKUT. (Akar) 

Embdia twtentacea C B. C. (Mynintae), 

MALUKUT. (Kayu) 

ChrtisophyUuiii JiOA'buryhii Dou, (Sapotaccae), From Mtiiii- 
gay's list 

MALUKUT JANTAN. MEUANG MALUKUT JAxNTAN. 
Enrija acuminata De C. (Tcrnstroemaccae). A small Irce cx>m- 
mon in secondary jungles. 

MALUKUT PAYA. 

AschpUts curasikicica L. (AifvlcpiaUeae). A showy red and 
yellow flowered weed introduced from America. . 

MALUR. 

JatfiinnuM mmbac Ait. and other cultivated jasmines. See 
Meloh. 

MAMAN BABI. 

IJtftjrophila 6alicijutia Nees. (Acanihactat)* A common herb 
with violet flowers occurring in ditches and by streams. 

MAMBU JANTAN. (Akar) 

MUUitia strkea W. and A. {Lojumnoseae). A lofty climber. 

MAMPELAM. Also AMPELAM and UAMPELAM. 
Tlie manga Mangijera itulica L. (Anacardiaceae), 

MAMPELAM BABL 

Tenninalia affenitiis {Combrttaceat). A big tree with fruits 
like mangoes. 

MANAMAK. 

Cryptocarya sp. (Laurineae). * 

MANCHONG. 

}fyrintica tomeiUosa Ilook. fil. (Myristictweae)* Also Oh- 
chidion leio6tylum Ilook. ill. (Kuphorbiaccae)* 

MANGABONG. 

Vernonia arhorca Ham. {CompoBitae). A large tree with 
lavender coloured flowers. 



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MALAT PLAXT NAMRS 169 

MAXOAJ^ 

Afemecifhn acumwafnm Sin. and similar speciea (Melaatoma* 
teae), Sniall trees with sniall hluo or pink Howers. Tlie 
The timlier thon^h small is ^ood for posts and otlu^r 
house work. 

MAXGGIS. 

Qarciunia mmigofitami L. (Gullifemf), 

MAXGGIS HUTAX. 

Otininia llnuthrntmnta Piorre. {Outfiffvaf). A wild man- 
ff osteon. 

MAXIXGO. " [W 

Gnfffnn gvr.itwn \u {Gnetaceae\ A ti*eo Homotimos cnltirat- { 

ed for Its frnit Xot native. 

MAXTADU. (Akar) •' 

Gnelnm fiinicuUwe HI. {Onftaeeae), ;••? 

MAXTKGA. (Buah) ( 
The butter fruit. Diospt/rojt ih'Acohr Willd. (Ebenaceae). A 

native of the Philippine islands, sometimes cultivated . .; 

From the Portuguese word .V/?w/rt///i butter. i 

MAXTLTA PELANDOK. [ f 

MAXTUA PKLAXDOK JANTAN. ! 

Trif/ouottteuiON sp. (Ruphorhineeai). A shrub. 

MAXTULONO. } 

Ardifita cofo)*afa Uoxb. (.\f^r»ineae). « » 

MAPAT. (Malacca) - ; i 

lAigerfitroeMin hf.rapU>rn Miq. (Ltfthracfa^), . i; : 

MARABATU. 
See Mbrbatu. 

MARABULOU. 

Aporosa Benthamiana Hook. fil. (Ruphorhiaceat). 

MARABULOH PAYA. I 

SapvMma arbortum {Rvhiaceae). ^ , i. 

, Digitized by VjOOQIC' ' 

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170 



MALAT PLAVT NAMES. 



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MARAI. 

Croton Oriffithii Hook. fiL (Efijrltorhinceae). A common 
jungle shruh 

MAHARAJALI. (Johore) 

Ti'igomaHnfm hifpoleticuM Mi(j, {PoUjgahne). 

MARAJAN MINKO. (Pahang). 

Afso4km KunstUriann King. (Viohceae). 

MARA LA K. 

Afifristtcit Fanjuhantvm Uook. fil. (Mi/nfitiencae), 
MARANBI. (Johore) 

Ifoftea intenuedia (DipterocarjHat). 
MA RANTING. 

Ardma coforata Roxb. (M^mtneat)* 
MARBUrX)a Also MARAHULOH, MUMBUmn, and MU- 
BC)IX)H. 

Gtfiiotrochfj» o^vil/iinA'Slv]. (RhKophorene). see MAT A Kkli 

MARIBDT. (Kedah) 

0/<?x imhrivata Roxh. (OlacineaeJ, A sea shore Hhruh. 
M ARIBUT DA DN BESA R. (Penang) 

Afilref^iora Maingaifi Uook. fil. (Atwnacea^), A tree. 

MARILILIN. 

Symplocoa racemom RoxK (Stifraceae), 

MARKEL. (Pahang) 

Sm*cocej}haihA SHbditus Miq. (Rubiaceae). See MagAL. 

MARPOH. Also Merpoh. 

Maiiotus Griffithianuti Hook. fit. and JA Penangrnw Mue\l 
( Evftliorbiaceae). 

MAS. (Bunga) 

Asclepiaf curwimvica L. (Aficfepiadette), See BUNGA MAS. 
MASALAK. 

Miftnstica Far^yhariana Wall. {Aftfriftkaceae) 

MATA AYAM. 

Baccaurea hreripe* Uook. fil. (Kuphorhiaceae). Also ^n/t- 
jna crenata Roxb. in Province Uelleslej. The latter plant 
Is more comroonlj known as Mata P£I>andoK| 

-■Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT XAMEt>. 171 

•« * . 
MATA BISOL, . ' .'V ! 

A t/laonema commutafa ^hoit, {ArvitUac). . ' ,. 

MATA BUKOXO PUIUXO. (Uumput). ' . VV 

PJnttgmUs Karha Triu. fGramineae), ** Variegated bird*8 > *- :/ ■' 

eyes."^ A tall reed connnoii near streams. ' '. : ■ 

MATA HUDAXG. (Buab) •' /. | 

Aglaonema mnus Uook. fil. (Avonltae). A little lierlNiceous ' •'• /." 

aroid growing in water, witli red fruits. Lit. Prawu*« : * . 

MATA KAOK. {:'\\ 

Ileficia e.rceim Bl. (Pruttavait), A small tree. . * *.* 

MATA KELAT. / " 

Cfenolophon jMrn/o/ius OMw fOfavincae). ' « • 

MATA KlfeLI. • '. '■^: 

Gffnoh'ochtif tU'Ufarif Mm|. (Hhhophoitat). The KELIisa *' ' 

fish. The tree is common in woody places ; it has small - •[•* 

white Howers and black or i*ed berries collected in the f; ' 

axils of the leaves. • , ! - 

MATA KELI JANTAX. . .jV 

Cauthitim con/erf UM Korih. (Jinbiacatf), A small tree. . '* 

MATA KELI PARA. ; . . 

(Jropht/Uuin sp. {Jtnbiitceae) . • . • .• 

MATA KETAM BATU. ./ 

Gomphia sumatrana Jack. (Ovhmtvafe), A small to medium 

tree with yellow flowers. Literally, Rock crab*s eye*. ;^ , . 

MATA KUCHING. 

j\epheiiHm mafaienst iirid. (Sapimiaceac). A well knowu • ' . 

fruit tree. The smitll round seeds enclosed in aemi-tians- 

parent white pulp are Uiought to resemble " cats eyes.** r -^ • 
MATA PASSEH. 

Tvigonirtiftrum /ttfjHjitHcuiH Mi<|. (Po/ifgalaceaeJ, (Maiugay*s 

list). -; :. 

MATA PELAXDOK. i I -I 

ArdisiacrenutalXoxh, (MtfrtfineaeJ. Lit, mouse deer's eyes. J"; : -I 

A shrub with pink flowers aud round red berries. '}: ! .'r. i ' 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



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MATA PELANDOK GAJAH. 

Aniista viUosa Koxb. (Mtfrnnene). 

MATA PKLANOOK KIMBA. 

Lahisia jHttftoina Lindl. (A/tfitfineae), A stuall sbrubby 
plant with red berries resumbjing Unnie of AtiUmicrcMuta. 

MATA PUNAI. 

.-I utuUfMu JJuHMti Muell. (EMpfiorbiaccat). ** Pigeon's eyes," 
from llie small red fruits 

MATA ULAR. , 

liatuHa ilent'i/fuia Ik^ntli. (Hubiuixae). ** Snake's eyes,'* A 
tree with orange red berries and white flowers. 

xMATOPUS. (Peiiang) 

Mt»u'Afene<i \u {GuttifonK'). Tlie Iron wood of Ceylon. 

MAURA. (Kayu) 

Ma^ttjcia JinighnhuMmi C. J J. 0. {Covnaceae). 

MAWAR. 

. ,.The Robe. (!{imi ctHlifolia Ly 

MA WES. (Akar) 

Dioifvvrea tjtabia Roxk ( IHoscvmiceae). 

MAYIAM. 

Commefina beHijha!eimf l<. {CoMtitclinaneae), A weed in ctil- 
ti\ ated grounds. 

MED.xXO. 

Usually applied to trees of the order Laarineat^ and to otiieiii 
wliicu have a timber similar in appearance. Filet giveb 
Madang, but Mkdang appears to be the commoner 
form. Hie name is often confused with Medong (Mrk- 
DONG) Elaeoixupm {Wiaceae). 

MEDAXG AMPAS TEBU and AMAS TEBU. 

Oiioimicnt NerroMi Planch and 6r.yiart*t7c//i(r Planch. (Urtkn- 
ceaej. Trees of fairly large size with small hard yelloir 
uuta. 

MED.\NO API. 

Elatocai'imt poi'vifQlittt WalL {TiliaccaejH 



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MALAY PLAXT XAME8 173 

MEDAXG API-API. ..;• - 

' AfUitamtra dumosa Jack. (TtruMroemiacait), A coqiiuuq r.V 
tree in secondary jungle used as firewood. 

MEDANG ASAM. .^■'':, 

Klaeocar/itts ,\htfttersi Kiug. (TUiaccm). Also Lophvpttalnm ' V - 
finibriatiim Wight {Celiv^tniieue). A %ery larj^ tree. And -; - . 

Phoebe muUifloi'a, Bl. (fMHiineae). t. '• /*,. ; 
MKDANO BEKWOI. (Penang) 

Schiirta Xoi'onhue Reinwdt. (TernfffivemMcoie). • • . v 

MEDAXG BEIIHULU. ^ ' ' , [ 

Mefiostua sp. * ' .' ^ 

MEDAXG BUAYA. f 

Crifptocartfa GnJ/iUnaua Wight. ( Aciw ri MC<ee). "Cixxxjdile- '. , • | 

laurel.** Also Kurrima MiitHtptifi l^aws. (VelaaUiHtae). .ul. 

MEDAXG BtBtJLA. :'V 

Aghiia conlata Uiem. (Melioiceae). . . ..V* . 

MEDAXG BULAXAK. fr ' 

GiwHiuera fuhaequalu l^\9xn:\\, ( Crticticeae)* Also M ED A KG .[ ,* 

BULAPO. • 

MEDAXG BCLUKO. .i 

Litsea ainant K\. (rAiurineae). A small tree. *' . ! 

MEDAXG BUXG A. ' .\. i 

Litsea mjfristicae/olM Wall. {LuHiineae). I 

MEDAXaBDNDT. | 

Auifiophtfileia sp. (Hhizophoreat). / ) 

MEDAXG BUROXG. (Johore) V i 

Phoebe isp. (Laurineae), ' ' ! 

MEDANG BUSUK. f * ' 

Litsea po'yantha Juss. (Luurineae). The wood has a foetid . "^; ' 

smell whence the name Busuk — stinking. . ' 

MEDAXG CUAXG KAUXO and MEDAXG CUUPOXA. 

Pifi/eum sp. {Romceae). A small tree common in Singapore i ." 

but probably undescribed. T^ } . ' 

MEDAXG GAJAa . ,^ j . ^ 

Ratidia aniifoith^iia Jack. (RuUaceaej^ '...''. 



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174 



MALiVY PLANT NAMES 



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MEDANG GELUGUR. 

Pi/renana acuminata Planch. (Tcitatroemiaceae). , 
MEDANG GIDAP, 

KurriMta pakheirma Wall. {Cefoiftrineae), 
MEDANG COM BANG. 

Vernoma avborea Uam. (Conipositae), 
xMEDAXG UlTAM. . 

Gironnera nervosa Planch. ( Uvtkaccae). Also LiUea myrh- 
licae folia Wall (Lanrineat). 
MEDANG HUDAXG. 

Tetractoinia faunjolia. {Rufaveae), 
MEDANG JARAK. 

MaUofu» ianciJolinf Hook. lil. {Euphorhiaceae), 
MEDANG JUMU& 

Mallotus Caput Meduaat Hook. fil. (Euphovbiaccat). 

MEDANG KAKl LIONG.' 

J/ici'o/>oi*« Cm I'/iViV Hook. 111. {iMunMcae). 

MEDANG KAMANGl. 

CinnaMouium jnirthenoxifloH (Laurintat), A strongly scented 
tree used in natire medicine. 

MEDANG KASAP. 

Gironniera ntioom IManch. and G. panifvtia Planch. ( Vrti^ 
cacea€\. 
MEDANG KASIRI. Also KUSIRAI. 

Phoebe Sp. {f^iurineae). 

MEDANG KASUNGKO. 

Cfiisodteton penduliflorm Planch. {Meliaceae). 

MED.\NG KATANAHAN. 

Xantho^tfiffNum rufum A. W. \Uii\u. {Polytpdeae). 

MEDANG KATUKO. ' - 

Litsea near panwnotya Ham. (fMurineae). Also Ixora parvi- 
Jfof'a Vahl. (Rubiaceae). 

MEDANG KAWAN. 

Eiaeacarpiis obttisus Bl. (Tiliaceae). Also Parinarinm mtidnm 
Book. fil. {Rosaceae). 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 175 

MEDANG KECHAWI. .j -V ^ 

fAffea iand/oiia Roxb. (fAturweae). .: v. 

MEDAXG KELADI. ; '; ! 

ffeltcia robu^a Wall. {Profeacea^J, Also fjfitfa myrinticat" * 'f . ; 

folia Wall, (fxtunneae). .- ; .' - • 

MEDANG KELAWAR. Also MEPAXG COAXG KADNO. \--' A: \ 

Pygeum Sp. (Romceat). ■ . 

MEDANG KELAYAR. .; / . 

/Ih/^ea yfift'Uticaefolia Wall. (Lnurineaf). -t - .. i 

MEDANG KELELAWAK. (Malacca) 

' Pittoftporum fen'ufjinenm Ait {Pittosporeae). 

MEDANG KELOR. 

/^fV^ffi nitvJa Roxb. {I^uriiiene). 

MEDANG KETANAH. 

Piinehtmha Wallivhii A De C. {}fyritnfa^). Alao Phoebe 
iiiuUiJfora Bl. {LftuHiieae), ^ 

MEDANG KETANAHAN. 

AUeotlaphne umheUi flora Hook. 111. (Lavnneae), 

MEDANG KIRISA. 

Casearia Lohbitiua Turcz. (Snm/fffaceae). 

MEDANG KLABU. 

KndospennuM maUwcenat Muell. Argf. (Euphorbiacfae) 
Maingay's list 

MEDAXG KDNING. M. KCNYIT. 

AcHnoilaphnt sp. Also Crtfpfofarffa voma Bl. {Lmirineae), 

MEDANG LAGUNDI. 

Erifthroxt/ion birMantcuM Griff. (/Jtteae). 
MEDANG LANSOR. 

Elatcarpus Masierm Kin^. {Tiliaceae). 

MEDANG LAIANG. 

Helicm rt^nsta WalL {Proteacfae). 

MEDANG LASA. 

* Crt/p(ocarya coena Bl. (Laurineae). 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES 



MBPAXO f.EBAR DAUN. 

Aheoduphne «eiH<carjn/olia Hook. fil. (fMurinfae). 

MBDANGLOR. 

Macaranga jaraiika Muell. (F.uphorhiactat). 

MEDANG LOSO. 

Aheodaplitte uuihelli flora Hook. ill. (fMHrintaf). 

MEPANO LUSA. 

Pentact erimia King. ( Tiliaeeae). 

MEDANQ MALUKUT JANTAN. 

Eiirjia ucumiaata (Ttvitftroeiuiacfaf). 

MEDANG MANTU: 

Ctjiptocarifa GnJfittiMiia Wight. {Lmiriiifae). 

.MEDANG MBKAH. (Malacca). 
Photbe multifiora Bl. {Laurineat). 

MEDANG MIYANG. 

Lit$ea aimtra Bl. {Lowintae). 

MEDANG NAU. 

Cryptoearya imprei>*a Miq. (Lauriiiraf). 

MEDANG OBlt. 

f/elicia etrelM Bl. {Proteactat). 

MEDANG PANJANG. 

Pimelamlra Wallichii K Pe C. (.Vyr»'»Mf), 

MED.\NG PASIR. 

Phoebe tmHifiora BL {Laurineae). Aim applied to Valiea 
RuVeyana Brandis. {Dipterocarpeae) and Pittogpormn 
ferrugiiieum Ait. {Pilttitporeae). 

MEDANG PAYA. 

Limlera malaecenfi* Hook. fil. {LaHriueae). .\l80 Myrieiica 
intermedia Bl. {Myrinticaeeae). Alsa Etaeocnrpu* obtusu* 
Bl. {Tihaceae) but this probably is an error for MENDOKG. 

MEDANG PEPILAKAN. 

Eloeocarput integra Wall. {Tiliactat). 

MEDANG PBRAWAS. 

Limlera sp. {Laurineaey, A tree the bark of which it uaed 



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MALAY PLANT NAMR8 

in natire medicine. Filet gives Madanq 
lyadeuia lucida Nees. 

MEDANO PETUTU. 

Adinandra dumosa Jack. (Termtroemiaceat). 

MEDASG PIPIT. 

Elcocarptu parvifoHus Wall. ( Tiiiaceae)* 

MEOAXG PUPOL (Malacca) 

Vitex coriacea Clarke. ( Verbenaceae). 

MEDAXG RASAP. See Medano Rasap. 
Qtronniera nervosa Planch, {Urticaceae\ 

MEDANG SALUANG. 

Litsea Zeijlanica Nees. {Txiurineae), 

MEDAXG SALAN. (Pahang) 
MEDANG SELAYUN. (Malacca) 

Mieropova Curtini Hook. (11. {Laurineae). 

MEDANG SALUSUL. 

Oreicia lauH/ofia Hook. (11. {Tiliaceae). 

MEDANG SERAI. (Johore) 

Pentace triptera Hook. fil. {TiHaceae). A 
white flowers. 

MEDANG SERIL 

Cupania lessertiana Camb. {Sapindaceae), 

MEDANG SIRI. 

Meliosma nitida BI (Scdnaceae)* 

MEDANG SUG6UEH. 

Elaeocarptis,Afa8tersi Ring. (Tiliaceae), 

MEDANG SURUPO. 

Xanihophifllum Wraffii Ring. (Polygaleae), 

MEDAXG TAHI AYAM. 

Litsea myristlcaefolia Wall (Laurineae). 

MEDANG TAHI RERBAU. 

Alstonia maerophyUa Wall. {Apocj/naceaey 

MEDANO TAMPO. 

Litsea lancijotia Roxb. {Laurineae). 





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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



MEDANO TANAH. 

Eleocarpus obtusus BL {Wiaceae). 

MEDANG TANDOK. (Pahang) 

Micropora Curiisii Hook. 111. {Laurineae). 

MEDANG TANJONG- 

Eiaeocarpus inttgra Wall. (Tiliaceaek Also Ktngstoma ner- 
vosa King. (Afwnacae). 

MEDANG TARAH. 

Gironniera netTOsa Planch. ( Uritcaceae). 

MEDANG TELOR. 

Eugenia Oriffilhii Duth. (Myrtaceae). Also applied to 
AcHnodaphne sp. Medang KuninO. 

MEDANG TERUTAU. 

Aisodeia echinocarpa Korth. {Vioiaceae). 

MEDANG TUG. 

Eiaeocarpus sttpnlariM Bl. {T{l\aceae\ 

MEDANG TULOH. 

Mtcrojwra Curttsi Hook. liL {LaiirineaeJ, 

MEDANG TULOK. (Penang) 

J lex macrophylla Wall. (llicineae), A common tree. 

MEDANG WANGI. 

Erythroxylon burmanicum Griff. {Ltneae), 

MEDANGKOK. 

An unidentiGed tree with a yellow timber often used; a 
very similar wood was g:iven me as Mdachang Hutak 
in Selangor. 

MEDARAH. 

Ptychopyxis costata Miq. {Euphorbiaceae). 

MELADA. (Penang) 

Sarcocephalus Junghuhnii Miq. {Rubiaeeae). 

MEf^AMAN. 

Acronychia Porteri Wall. {Rutaeeae). 

MELATI. AlaoMELOR. 
Jasmines, (Jasminum). 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 179 

MELOR ANGIN, 

Ahodeia membranacea King. (Violaceae). A shrub. 

MELOR IIUTAN. (Akar) 

Jastninum lifarium Wall. {Ol€iu:me). The common wild 
jessamine. 

MELOR UUTAN. (Poko) 

Eranlhcmum maiaccense 0. B. Clarke {Acant/taceae). A shrub 
with conspicuous violet flowers. 

BUNGA MELOR HDTAN. (Akar) 

Coptosapetta OnJ/ithii Ilook. fil. (Huhiaccat). A climber 
with white flowers like jessamine. 

MEMALI. See Mali-Mall 

MEMALI. (Akar) 

SphenoiUsma trifiora Wight. (Vtrhenaceae). 

MEMANIRAN PUTIH. 

Portnlaca auailrtfida L {Portulacacae), A little weed with 
yellow flowers. Favre is the authority for this. 

MEMBACHANO. See BACUANG. 

MEMBALIK PADANG. 

Leea. 
MEMBATU LAIANG. 

Ftciis rhododendnfoiia Miq. ( Urticaceae,) 

MEMBULAH. 

Zaathoxylum mifriacanthum Wall. (Ruiactae), 

MEMBULUH. (Akar) 

Gynotroches axillaris Mi(|. (Hubiitc^ae). 

MEMPAS JANTAN. 

Petunga venulosa Hook. tlL {Rubiaceaey 

MEMPAT-MEMPAT HUTAN. 

Cratoxt/lonformosum Benth. also C polifanthum Korth. (//y- 
pendneae). See also Mempitis. (k>mmon and beautiful 
trees with good timber, and pink flowers* 

MEMPAT PADANG. 

Daphniphyllum launnum Baill. (Euporbiactait)* 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES 



MEMPATU. 

Syniplocos racemosa Wall. {Sftfraceae). A small tree with 
racemes of white flowers. 

AlEM PEDAL A YAM. See Ampedal A yam. 

MEMPOYAX. See Empoyan. 

MEMPEUU TANAtt 

Ifarmandia KunstUn King. (Oladneae). 

MEMPELU TANAH. 

Scu'cocephtUiis Junghuhnu Miq. (Rubiaceae). Compare Lem- 
PEDU TANAH. 

MEMPENINQ. MEMPUNING. 

Qiiercus HysUix Korth. (Cupnliftrae). Also KampuninG. 

MEMPENIXG BAOAN. 

Quercut sundaica BL (CnpuHferae). 

MEMPENING BUNGKUa 

Qutrcus spicata Sm. {Cupuit/erae\ 

MEMPENING JANTAN. MEMPENING PUTIU. 

Qutfxus Eichteri Wenss. MEMPENING PUTIH is also the name 
of Quercus endeisocarpa Korth. and Q. onuUkas Korth. 

MEMPITI& (Johore) 

Cratoxi/fonformasum Benth. {Ilyptricineat), 

MEMPUNAI BUKIT. 

Antiilesma veiutinasum Muell (Euphorhiac€ae\ A large shrub. 
Also Arthrophifllum divemjofium Bl. (Araiiactae). 

MEMPUNING. See Mempeninq. 

MENARONG GAJAH. 

Tt-idioapermum Kurzii King. (TUiaceaey 

MENDALU. AlsoDEDALU. SANALU. JINALU. 
Various species of Loranthus ( Loranthaceae). 

MENDALU AFL 

Loranthus pentapetafus Roxb. L. peiitandms L« 

MENDALU BESAR. 

L. ginndifivnB King. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMB8 



181 



MEXDALU API BATANG. 

Ilenshwia hbhiana A, De C. (Santa'fticeae), The name means 
the mistletoe which forms a stem. The Htnshma is 
usually a climber but sometimes forms a bush. 
MEXDAROXG. Also Menerong. 

Scirpus grofsy$ VM. (Cyperateae). A sedge used for mat 
making. 

MEXDAROXG EKOR TUPAl. 

^fariAclts umbe flatus C, B. C. {Cyperaceae), Lit. Squirrel -tail 
sedge. The flower spikelets are ai ranged in brush-shaped 
spikes suggesting a squirrefs tail. 

MEXDONG-MEXDOXG. 

ElaeocarpuM, A genus of trees of no very great size, with 
white flowers and oblong or globose green or blue drupes. 
See under Medang. 

MEXDOXG KELAWAR. 

Elaeocarpw parrifoiius Wall. (TUiactae). " Bat's Elaeo- 
carpu&*' A very popular fruit with fruit bats. 

MEXDOXG MUSAXO. 

Eheocarptis paniailatus Wall. (Tilittccae). ** Civet cat's 
Ealeocsrpus." 

MEXDOXG PEPILAKAN. 

Efaeocarptts integra Wall. fTiUaceae). 
MEXGADIXG. 

Meliosma sp. 
MEXGKUAN6. 

Pandanus atrmxirpiis Griff. ( PandatiaceaeJ, The common 
screw-pine. The leaves much used for making roofs and 
covering for carts, etc. 
MEXGKUANG HUTAN. 

P. Houlletianus Carr. 

MEXGKUAXG AYER. (Selangor) 

Pandanus sp. apparently undescribed. It has a prostrate 
stem with large leaves like those of P. airocarpus Griff, 
but with a long point The head of fruits is solitary 
one foot long and three inches through. , 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



MEXOKUANG LaUT. 

Pandwiuft fascicularis Lam. The common sea-coast species 
often cultivated for the leaves which are used to make mats. 
It is more commonly known as Pandan Durl 

MEXGKUANG LOBO. MENGKUANG TEDONG. 

Maimnia paluMris {Ci/penweae). A broad leaved sedge, 
resembling a screw pine. 

MENGKUDANG. 

Mezzettia Ihrvryaim Oil v. (Anoiutcmt), A large tree. 

MENGKUDU. Also MANGKUDU. BANGKUDU. CllAXi;. 
KUDU. 

Morintla tinctoria Roxb. {Jiubiaceae). A common tree of 
which the bark is used for dyeing. 

MEXGKUDU BADAK. 

Fitgroea Moritulae/olia Bl. (Loganiacecu). 

MENGKUDU KEOHIL. 

Monnda umbetlata L. The climbing Morinda. 

MENGKUDU JANTAN. MENGKUDU RIMBAH. 

Morimla cUri/olia L. The wild form of J/, tinvtona Roxb, 

MENGKUNYIT. (Akar) 

Coscinum Blumeanum Miers. (Menispermaceae}, 

MENSARAH PUTIU. (Johore) 

Homatium fottiihim Benth. (Sainydauae). 

MENTADA. 

LtHcoixxjon malayantut Jack. (Epacridtae). A heath-Hke 
shrub with small white flowers. 

MENTANGOR. See Bintangor. 

MENTIMUN. See TiMDN- 
Pumpkins. (CucurbitaceaeJ. 

MENTUBA. (Malacca) 

Diospyi-os sp. near Eittbryopteris (Ebenaceae). A tree with 
round fruit which are said to be poisonous. 

MENUMPANG. (Daun) 
Any epephytic plant 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 183 

MEUAU KELUASG. 

M ehworrh ea Curtim OMv. (Anacardiaceae). A large tree, 
with red winged fruits. It is one of the plants included 
under the name Rengas. 

MEKAMBONTi BUKIT BESAR, 

Vafka pallvhi Dyer. (Dipterocai'fkatJ. 

MERANTl. 

A name given to many of tlie Shoreas. { Pipterocarpeae) 
the timber of which is in great ro<]uest for building, and 
planking. 

MERANTl DAUN KECHIL. 
Shorea fxirvifoiia Dyer. 

MERANTl PAYA. 

Shorea acuminata Dyer. 

MERANTl PUTIU, /';. 

Jlopea OriJiUiiana Dyer. ... .1 

MERANTl TAHL ' 

Shorea Curtisii Dyer. ' . \ 

MERAPIT. (Malacca) • < 

Pifgeum fanceofatttm Hook, (il (Rosaceae). ^ . i 

MERAPOIL (Akar)^ .' 

^fo(fecca Stnf/aponana 'hlfi^t, (Pamfloraceae). ' .' i 

MERAWAN. MERAWAN KUNYIT. j 

ffopea menfjarawan Bl. ( Dipierocarpeae). The name Mera- 
wan is also aplied to //. pierrei liance and //. inierme'lia 

King. These trees supplj' a very good timber resembling \ : 

Mebantl 

MERBATU KECHIL. I^L MERAB. M. PUTIBL .; ' 

Parinanum nitidum Uook. fil. {Itosaceae). There are also » *^ • ' ! , ' 

the variants Morabatu, Makaratd, Mumbatu, Tkm- | 

BATU. 
MERBATU LOYANO. i 

Parinaritim Griffifhianum Benth. {Rosaceae). '\ -.. 

MERBATU PASIR. ■ i '• 

Pachynocarpun WaUtchii King. {Dipterocarpeae), i ' 

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184 



MALAY PLANT NAMES 



MERBAYU. 

Tarrictia nmplicifolia Mast. (Stercufkweae). A gigantic 
tree. 

MERBONG JANTAN. 

Turpinia pomijtra De C. (Sapindaceae). 

MERBULOH. MERBUIX)H JANTAN. 

Oynotroches axiHarU Miq. {Rhizophoreae) see Marruloh. 

MERBULU KECeiL. 

Myt-Utica missions Ham. (Myristicaceae). 

MERABAU AVER. Also MERABAU KUNYIT and MERA- 
BAU TANDOK. 
Afzdia coriacea Bak. (Leguminosae), 

MEREBAU PUTIH. MERBAU. 

Afzelia palembamca Bak. (Leguminosae). One of the finest 
timbers in the peninsula. 

MERELA NG. (Selangor) 

Ptet*ospeiinum diversijoiiu/n BL (Stercuhaceae). A large tree 

MERJAGONG. 

Ix<manthe$ ohorata Hook, fit (Lineae). 

MERKASIH. 

Eugenia zeylanka Wt. (A\fyrtaceae), 

MERLIMAU. (Akar) 

Paramignya moHophylla Wight. (Rutaceae), A scandent 
thorny wild orange. 

MEROMBONG. (Malacca) 

Timonius jwnbosella Thw. {Rubtaceae). A small tree com- 
mon in open country. 
Also Adina polycephaia Benth. (Rubtaceae). 

MEROMBONG BUKIT. 

Vernonia arborea. Ham. {Cotnpoeitaey 

MEROYAN BATU. 

Lafianthus sfx (RubiaeeaeJ* A shmlx 

MEROYAN BUNGKE. 

Dianella €ns\folia Red. (Liliaceae). 

Digitized by V:iOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT NAMES 186 • ;-; 

MEROYAX BUSUK. ' . 

Dmochoeta pnnctutata Ilook. fiL ( Mclnstomaceae). . . y 

MEROYAN JAXTAN. MEROYAN PAYA. T ^ 

Dissochoeta ccUbiat Bl. (MeittMotHOceae). : - " . 

MEROYAN KABUT. :' /^ 

CterodendroH nutans L. (Verbenaceae}, . "' 

MEROYAN NIBUT. . •, 

Diih/Mocarpus atrosunguineus Rid!. (Cyrtaadracetie). A -'* * 

small plant with beautiful deep red flowers. .- ;• 

MEROYAN PAPAN. ; i 

Aspidunn Singa^wrianttm {Filivtn*). Medicine for fever ' 7 

MEROYAN SEJUK. (Akar) . * J 

IXmochoeta bract eat a BL (Mehtgtomaceae). ^ : j '/' 

MEROYAN SUMBONG. ^ ' ^.v 

A naden dm m mon tan urn Schot t (A roideaej. 
MEROYAN TINGAL. . ' 

Olobba sp. (Scxtamineaey 

MERPADI PAYA. . . 

Sf/inpfocos fasciculata ZoH. (Styraccae). 

MERPOU See Makpoh. 

MERPOIN. . " ' 

Carailta integevrma Dec. ( Rhizophortiu). 

mersawah. 

Amsoptera spp. (Diptei'ocarptae). Tall trees giving a good 
timber. V 

MERSAWA MERAa , . 

Anisoptera gfabra Kurz. ' ' 

MERTAJAM. . . * ;. 

Erioglassum edule Bl. {Sapindaceae). 

MERUAN. (Kayu) •; 

Croton Grtffithti (Enphoi-biaceat). : .' j- 

MERUAN. (Akar) ' • ;/: : 

Sphenod^sma barbata Scht^uer. (Verbenaceae). , .1 -rj, 

MESERAU JANTAN. . [. 

Et-odia Roxbnrghiana Benth. i^Rutaceae). ^.^^^^^ ^^ GoOgk -' ! | 






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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



MIDIXG BETIXA. Also LAMIDIXG. 

Stenocfiioena jxiiusUu (Fiiiceif). A climbing fern. 

MIKU. 

ArtocarpuB ZrOict i King. (Urtimctae), 

MILIAX. 

Stercuiia mitvrophyUa Vent (StercnUactaeJ. A tree with 
large red capsules. 

MILOR. (Perak) 

Alifj:ia steilata var acuMviata (Apovynaceae), Wray is the 
authority for this. 

MIXTA AXAK. (Kedah) 

Arthrophtfltnm pinnatum C. B. Clarke. {Arafiaceae), A 
(Grubby araliad growing on the higher bills. 

MIXTAGU. 

Pemphis acidula Fordt (Ltfthmrieae). A shrub growing oo 
the sea coast, with small white flowera 

MIXYAK. 

Oil. Wood-oils, the chief of which are MlNYAK KkkuKX 
(see Keuuen) and MlNYAK Damar. (see Damar). 

MIXYAK. (Akar) 

LiiMOcia cugpidata Hook. 111. (Menispermaceue), A slender 
climber. 

MINYAK BERUK. 

A name applied to many species of XanthophifUum (Poln- 
ipilttceae) e. g. A', pdietitbanicum Miq. A\ KuiuUen King. 
Some of them produce valuable timber, and nearly ali 
are trees. 

MIXYAK BERUK JAXTAN. 

XanthopliifHum rvfam A. W. Benn. {Polffg(tiaceae) 

MIRLANG. 

Irvtiigia imdatfaHa Oliv. {Siniarubeae). Maingay*8 list 
Maingay says the wood is pale yellowish buff and used 
for kn.H handles. . It is a vast tree and is more commouljr 
known as Pauu KlJANG.. ^ r 

Digitized by V:iOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 187 

MISKAM. 

Baccaurea sp. {Rnphorhiaceaa) sp. A. Flor. Brit InA An 
undesoribed species. 

MODU. 

Aglaia argentea King, (Meliaceae). 
MONTEK. (Akar) 

Urceola toruloM Hook. fil. (Apocifnaceae). 

MORABATU. 

Parinarium nifuhim Hook. fiL (RoMceae). A variant of 

Merbatu. 
MOYIA. (Sungei Ujong:) 

Jfomahn th »m populifoh'n/t ray. (EHpJtorhtaceae), 

MUBAGON. 

Aiwrosa aurea Hook, fit (Kuphorhiaceae). 
MUJAGON. 

ParinanuM Qriffithianum Benth. (Rosnceae). 

MURANANG. 

Alpinia Galanga L. (Scttamineae)* Commonly known as 
Lankwas. 

MULAI TIKU3. 

Coix fachrifim-Jobi L. (Gramtneae). " Job*s tearV ^ J . . I 

MULAR FADANG. (Akar) . • ^ 

Premna conacca C. B. Clarke. ( Verhenaceae), I 

MULUMUT, 

Campnospertna axyrrhachin EngL (Avacardiaceaey 

MUMBAJD. 

Tarrietia simpltctfolia Mast. (Surcutiaceae). A very large 
tree. 

MDMBATD. ;\ 

Parinarium nitidum Hook. fil. (JtoMceae). See Mekbatu. j 

MUMBOL. (Akar) (Johore) 

MiUettia sericea W. & Am. {Legumino9ae). ; ' * i 

MUMBULOH. (Akar) ';. 

Afoem ramentacea A. De G. {Myrnneae). A common large . *! 

half climbing shrub with very small white flowers. '[ j ' 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES 



MUMBULOH RIMBA. 

PeUacalifx saccanUannn Scort (Rhtzophoreae\ A medium 
sissed tree. 

MUMBULO. (Akar) 

TitWMVtcvm ptiiolare Miera. (M enispermaceae), A stout 
woody climber, with panicles of small white flowers from 
the old wood. 

MUMJILAI. 

Aphania paucyuga Radlk. {Sapindaceae), 

MUMJILAI EUTAN. 

Ixora opaca Br. (Ruhtaceae). 

MUMPADANG. 

Parinanum nitiduM Hook. fil. {Jlwaceae), 

MCMPANANO. (Akar) 

CissaMpeloM Pareira L (Metmjtennaceaey Also LUMPANANG. 

MUMPANJOR 

Dialium Matni/atfii Bak. (Leguminowe). 

MUMPAT JANTAN. 

Crgptocartfa f err fa Bl. {Laurineae). 

MUMPAYIAN. 

Anthocephafu^ Cadamha Miq. (Ruhiaceae). 

MUMPAYANO. (Akar) 

Vttis diffusa Miq. {Ampeitdeae). A common wild vine with 
black grapes. 

MUMPIANO. 

Mtlanochtfia auriculata Hook. fil. (Anacardiaceae) 

MUMPISANG. 

Potgalthia Jenhnm Benth. (Anonaceaf) (Mamgaj*8 list). 
Probably a variant of Pisakg-Pisano. A commonly 
applied to anonaceous planta 

MUMPISANG BULU. 

J/ym/tca laurina Bl. (Mifristicaceae), 

MUMPOYAN. 

Anthocephalvi Cadamha. Miq. (jRuhiaeeae), 



Digitized by 



Google 



MALAY PLANT NAMES 



189 



MUMPULU RIMBAU. 

RantUa anisophyUa Jack. {Ruhtaceae). A common small 
tree in forests. 

MUNAIION. Also MANAON, SIAL MUNAHON. and NAUX. 
Ktbema fimplex Koi'th. {Mtlanfomaceae). 

MUNDARONG. 

Trenia amhoinenm Bl. ( Urttcaceaey A common shnilx See 
Nabono. 

MUNDU. 

Oarcinia iMci$ (Outtiferae). 

MUSGILANG API. 

Oomphandrn lanceolata King. (Oladneae), 

MUXGKB. 

Crofon argffrafiiA Bl. {Etiphorhtaceaf). See SiMMnNGKR. 

MUNGKAL. 

SarcocepfiahiP Junghuhnii (Ruhfaceae). Compare Maqal. 

MUXGKOl. 

Canthiinn glahrtiin Bl. (Ruhtaceae). A small tree. 

MUXGKOYAN. (Penangr) 

Rhoilaimna tritiet-ria Bl. {Jlftfrfaceae), 

MUXGLUT, 

Payena cofiafa King. (Sapotoceae), A small "or medium 
sized hre€^ 

MONGOL. 

Adinandra sp. (Ternstroemiaceae), 

MDXJUAT. 

Cryptocarya inipre^a Miq. {Laurineat), 

munjulong bukit. 

Oomphoftf.nma cnmUim Wall {Lahiafae). A herb with 
yellow flowers, resembling a yellow-dead nettle. 
MDNOT. 

Rpiprinun Malayanvs Griff. (Enpharbiacfae). 

MUXSAGA. 

Eheocarpvtt pan\folvttt Wall (7Y/wirM«). 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



MUNSIAL. 

Aritifia colorata Roxb. {^fyrsitteae). 

MUNSIANO. (Rumput) MANSIYANO. 

Cif perns proceinu^ Kottb. (Cifperaceae). A common sedge 
which is used for making mats. Compare M USIANG. 

MUNSIRAH. SeeMusiRAH. 

MUNDBONG. 

Aporosa aurea Hook. fiU (Euphorhiaceae). 

MUNUJAN. (Akar) 

Diascotea glabra Roxhc ( Dio^oreaceae). 

MUPISANG. 

GomothaioMui Afalatfaiw^ Hook. HI. {Anonacear). Compare 
MUMPISANG. 

MUPISANG. (Akar) 

Cyathoatemma Scortecltinii King. {Anonaceae). 

MUPISANG BATU. 

Papoma nervifolia Maingay (anonaceae). 

MUPISANG HITAM, (Akar) 

Oxymitra IvjlandnloM Scheff. CAnonoceaeJ. 

MUPOYAN PAYA, 

Dwtochoeia ceiehica Bl« (3fetastomaceaeJ. 

MUPUS. (Penang) 

Sfcintonia spiet/era Teysm. {Anacardiaceae), A large tree. 

MUBAI BATU. 

Prwnanthwi obliqua Wall {Euphorbiaceae). 

MURAMBONG. 

Ardisia crassa Clarke. {Afyrnneae). 

MURMAQONG. 

Oofuphia sumatrana Jack. {Ochnaceae), 

MUROMBONG. 

Adina rubtfcens Hemsl. {Rubiaceae\ A small tree. 

MURONO. (Romput) 

Scirpus groMHS L. {Cifperaceae). ^ j 

^ Digitized by VjOOQ I'C 



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MALAY PLANT NAMH^S. 191 

MURUBONG jantan. ::• 

RaniUa dtimflora Benth. (Ruhiaceae). 

MURUSEH HITAM. 

Gomphandva ianceolata King, {Oladntae). 'T . 

MUSIANG. (Rumput) 

Scirjms grossus L. {Cffiferaceae). See MUKSIANG. .:;' 

MUSIAXG. (Akar) 

Roucheria Grijfithiana Planch. ' (Ltneae), . ". 

MUSlRAIi BUKIT. MUSIRAU PUTIH. 

//«r cifiNom Bl. {/twineae). A ooiuinoii small tree with 
white stem, small white Howens and red berries. 

MUSIUAH MATA KERBAU. 

Ranflia densi/fova Benth. {Rnbiaceat), 

MUSTAH. (Legeh) / • 

Garctnia inangostana L, (Guitifeiae), A northern name for ..;- . 

the Mangosteen. .•^' - 

MUSUKAXG PUTIH. 

Rt/partafasdculata King. {Bixineae). 

MUTUBONG. (Rumput) ' •< 

Panicum trvjonum L. (Gramineae). -/ . 

NAH SEPAT. (Pahang) . - 

A ntidesma cu»indatuiii HLmgW. (Eujdtorbmctnu). 

XAM-NAM. 

Ctfnometra cauUfiora U ( Leguminimu). 

^AMO. 

ConharumjibbiMstus WtiXX. {Cvnnaraveae), A shrub with light 
pink flowers. 

NANA. (Akar) I ;. 

Dioscorea sp. * 

NANAS- 

The pine-apple. Atiatuuufu stUmt L. {Bromelutcetu^. '- ■' ' \- 

N ANCUONG BESIU. (Penang) • ^ : I i 

Fretfcinetia ninjuntijolia BL {Pandaiutcene). A climlilng • v , 

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NANGKA. 

The Jack. A vtoixirpus inteyrifolia L. 

NANGKA PIPIT. 

AriocarpHs lunceaufolia Roxb. ( Urticaceae), 

NANGKA WOLANDA. 

The Sour-sop. Ationa muricala L. (Anomiceiu), 
commonly called in the Straits DUKIAN Blanda. 

NARONG JANTAN. NARONG PAYA. 

Trcma amhoinenst$ Bl. {Urtkaceae). A common shrub in 
waste ground. 

NASl-NASI. AlsoKELATNASI-NASI. 

Eugenia zeijtamca L (MifrUtceae). A small tree with white 
fruits which suggest rice in appearance. 

NASI-NASI. (Akar) 

Psf/cliotria polijcarpa Mi<j. {Ruhiaceaey 



A climber with 



white fruits. 

NASl-NASI BUKIT. 

AdenoMcme longifolia Wall. (Ruhiactae). A small shrub 
with white fruits. 

NASI RIMBA. 

Vitex restita Wall. ( VerbenaceaeJ. 

NASISEJUK. (Kedah) 

Stilacia sp. (Ehawneae). A shrub with fruit resembling ao 
orange but with seeds wrapped in sweet pulp inside. 

NAULl-NAUFJ. (Malacca) 

Anlisia coloraia Roxb. (.VyrAiiefie). 

NERRUM. (Pahang) 

Dipterocarpm oh'ongifoliM Bl. 2). pulcherrimus Ridl. 
(Dipttrocarptae), A large and beautiful tree. 

NAUN. See Manaun. 

NI.\TO. NIATO TEMBAGA. N. BAL.VU, N. PUTIU. 
N. UITABf. 
Paitena castiita King. {Sai9otaceaey A timber tree of 
80merepat». -- Digitized by GoOglc 



MALAY PLANT NAMES 193 

NIBONO. ' v'v 

Oncosperma tigWana Griff. {Palmeae). A well known palm . -^ • 

used in house-building. ; . .'V ' 

NIBONGPADL NIBONG LENAU. : ;' 

Onco^peftna sp. perhaps only varieties of the preceding, ; ^ . - • \ 

XIBONG PALIR. (Johor) : /; j 

Oheronia StnophjUa Ridl, ^J^Otxhideae), '" 

NILA. 'v. 

liAxgo. Indigofera tinctorid h. (Leguminosae). * *. ' 

NIDEL See Kenidei. * 1 

Various species of Bridefia, * ' * . ; 

NiLAM. • * ; • ! 

Pogostemon Patchouli Pell. (Labiafae). The Patchouli plant, . < 

NILAM BUKIT. - .'• ' j 

P.heyneanum. Hook, and Thorns. 
NILAM JANTAN. . .' . : , 5 

Hemigraphis conHnis Nees. {Acanthactae). A weed grow- 
ing on dry banks. . ! 

NILAU. ' * . •< ; 

Cupania pallidula Hiern. {Sapindaceae). \' . \ 

NILAU PAYA. .' . 

Commersimia echinaia Forst {Tiliaceae). 

NIPAH.^ 

Nipajruticans lu (Palmeae). 

NIPIS KULIT. 

Memecylon myrnnoides Bl. {Melastomaceat). The name is 
often applied to other AfemecyloM. \ 

NIPIS KULIT BETINA. 

Aporosa Maingayi Hook. fil. (Ruphorhiacea^ 

NIPIS KULIT PUTIH. 

Apwom steltifera Hook. fil. (Eunhorbtaceae) Probablj short- 
i ened from Sebasah NiPiS KULIT. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMBS. 



NOJA. 

Peristrophe monfana Nees. {Acanthaceae), A herb used for 
dyeing pink. 

NONA. 

The Custard apple. Amna fqumnosa L. (Anonaceae), 

NONA KAPRI. 

Avona reticulata L. The ''Bullock-heart.** 

NUBAL. (Akar) (Sungei Ujong) 

Mediniila Ilafseifii BL (Melantomaceae). 

NIYUR. 

Coconut. C0CO8 nucifera L. (Palmeae). 
OBAH. 

Eloeocaa^HS robustus Roxb. ( Tiliaeeae). 
OBL 

Parinarium castatum Hook. fil. (Ro$aceat). 

OLEIL (Rumput) 

IJeliotropium indicum L. (Bora^in^of). A common weed. 

OMBA-OMBA. (Singapore) 

Desmodium heterophifUum De C. {Ltguminosae). A creeping 
herb common in grass. 

ONAK. (Malacca) 

Zizyphus cahphyllus Wall. (Rhainneae). A strong climber 
with hooked thorns. 

GRAN MERAH. (Akar). (Malacca) 

Neuropeltis racemom Wall. (ComH>tvu1aceai). 

ORAWARI RUNOKDP. 

Clerodendron fallax L. ( Fer^/toccae). 

OTAK HUDANG. 

Buchahania acuminata (Anacardiaceae). Lit Prawn*s braini, 
A tree so called on account of the redness of the wood. 

PADAL ITER. 

Jfydnopfiytum farmicarium Jack. (Rubiaceae). A remark- 
able epiphyte, the Ant^s nest plant. Perhaps a modi6ca- 
tion of AlCPfiDAL Itek, DucVs gizzard, refering to the 
curious tuberous stem. ^ ^ 

" Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 196 

PADANG. (Akar) :'•-; 

Cntstis rwmjlora GnS. (CoHnaraceae). Lit. Field-climber. v. 

PADANG. (Buiiga) % 

yfeloctiia corvhonfolia L. (Sterculiaceaej and Sida rhofnbi* ^ ' ,* 

Joliah, (Malvaceae). Lit. Field-flower. Common shrubs • ^V* • 

growing in open fields. / :' . 

PADANG. (Bua) (Pahang) ' ;' '/ 

WUlnyhheia dulci$ Ridl. (Apocynaceae.) ' - 

PADL - .;. 

Rice. Oryzamtiva L. (Ontimneae)* 
PADIBURONG. (Rumput) . *: 1^ 

Panicum cohnum li. (Oramineae). Lit Bird-rice. A com- •• ' i 

mon grass. \ .• y 

PADIJAN6. ;y 

Ixora parvifiora VV^all. (lUhHictae). A tree. ..-■ '. 

PAGAR. (Bunga) ..:• / 

The common Lantana. Lantana camara h* {Verhenaceat). -v' . ^ 

Literally Fence flower. 
PAGAR ANAK. Also P. ANAK MERAH. P. ANAK HI- 

TAM. P. ANAK BKTINA. • < 

h'onanthes obovata Hook. fll. (Lineae). There is also a va- 
riant Pag U ANAK. A tree of moderate size, giving a 
good timber. ; - r i 

PAGAR ANAK JANTAN. . ! 

Gordonia excelsa Bl. fTertutroetnaceae). A moderate sized 

tree I 

PAH KUDAH. (Akar). ^ . 

Chailietta deftexifoHa Turz. (ChaiUetiaceae}. 

PAHKEDAH. (Akar) | 

Deiris Maingayana Benth. (Leguunnoaae). '^ :• ^ . I 

PAJUJARDM. I 

Schizoea dkhotoma (Filices). Paju is a spur, and jamm •. | 

a needle. The name probably has reference to the long .. '. ' \ 

slender needle-like branches of the frond. I 

PAK AN PAY A. (Akar) '^ ' ' I 

VitU adnata WM. (Ampelideat). •':■/ '; 

Digitized by VjOOQ to . . '* 



.,':•■• 



, i //} : \Q6 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

.•!;-. PAKAN JANTAN. 
; ^v!*; Ktbara coriacta Endl. (Monimiaceae). 

'i\ii^' PAKAN RIMBAH, (Malacca) 
\ H-^jr^ AUotnorphia txigua ^\. (Mefasiomaceae) 

. I \\ PAKAN PAYA, 

^ ^;-\t*„ Fagroea racemosa JtLck. (Loganiaceae) 









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PAKAN UUTAN. Also PUKAN. P. BETINA. P. JANTAN. 
Jatminum bifafittM Wall. {Oleaceae). The common wild 



.: i'. rr? jitsmine. 

' PAKU. Also PARIS. 



A fern, probably because the young fronds are rolled up 
V.'ff.; like nails. 

j -f: PAKUAJI. 

.■;•>. I- Cjfcas Rumphii [^Cycadeae). Also called Pakd LauT. This 

plant has the young leaves rolled up like those of ferns. 
PAKUBALU, 
* U'^{^ Taenites blechnoidet Sw, 



' «! PAKO BBNAR. 



AuisoffOttium escnientum PresL 

PAKU BIAWAK. 

■'■ i, ji ; AtpidiuM Sinffaporianum Wall. Biawak is the monitor* 



lizard. Hydrotaurtu talvator, 

PAKU BINBT. 

Dipleuium tomentosum Hook. 

PAKU CHIAI. 

PleopeUit nigrescent Bl. 

PAKU DUDOK BUKIT. 
Ltndtaya tcandent Hook.. 

PAKU OADINO. 

Aspidium Leuxeanum Hook. 

PAKU GAJAH PAYA. 

Cifothea BrunonU .Wall. ... 

PAKU GALA HANTU LAUT. ; 

SelKgueaFeei Hook. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 197 

PAKU niTAM PATA. ; -V \ 

Ctjathea Brmwnia WalL \ ' -: 

PAKU IKAN. .":. '■ 

Blechnum onentcUe L. f ' -." • 

PAKU KIJANO. ; ." ■ ' 

Diplazium sorzogonense Presl. The Kijang is the muntjac. ',/- 

{Cervulus muntjac). / ' •" . 

PAKU KIKIR. ■ • \ 

Aspidiuin polymorphum WalL .* •' ' • j 

PAKU KILAT. ••.••; i 

N ephr odium dissectum Forst. * * r' I 

PAKU LANGSUIR. (Selangor) Also RUMAU LANGSUIR. ;. .. 1 

ThamnopUris nidus-avis L. (Filicts). The bird*s nest fern. * | 

The Langsuir is a remarkable kind of Goblin which is / ?•• ' j 

' supposed to make its home in this fern. 7 . . | 

PAKU LUMUT BATU. "!y_[ J 

Leucostegia parvula Wall. ' ! 

PAKU MESIN, PAKIS MERABL I 

St€ttochla€na palustris L. ' :i. 

PAKU MURAK. ' ' ;. , 

Aftpidiinn ^iitgnporianum WM. ** Peacock-fern.** .V 

PAKU PAHAT, ■' 

C^atAea Brnnonii Wall. 
PAKU PANDAR 

Thamnopteris mdHs-avis L. Because the leaves are like those 
of a pandaiu * ' 

PAKO PIJAL (Pahang) 

Tfttnites bitchnoides Sw. .^ : ) 

PAKU PINANG. 

Ntphwtepis txaltaJta L. 
PAKU NINGEH. ' '; 

NtphrohpiB voiubilis Sm. 
PAKU RAMU. • -^S; 

SUnochlaetia palustrii h. 



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198 



MALAY PLANT KAME& 



PAKU RESAM. 

Oteichenia linearis Burm. See Resam. 

PAKU RESAM PADL P. R. LUMOT. 
Chafauthts tenv\folia Sw. 

PAKU RUSA. 

Diptazium Sorxogonense Presl. 
PAKU SELAMAH, 

Cyathea Brunonia Wall. 

PAKUTANJONO. 

Anisogonium escuientHm PresL 

PAKU TEMBAGA. 

Aspidium cicutariuiH. Sw. 

PAKU TOMBAK. 

Syn gramme aUsmaefolia Uook. Because its fronds are like 
leaves of tobacco (tombak). 

PAKU TUMBAR. 

Schizata dichotoma Sw. 

PAKU TUNJOK SANGET. 

Syngramme alismaefoHa Uook. 

PAKU UBAN. 

N^.phroUpis exaltata L. 

PAKU UBIL. 

Bltchnum orientaU L. 

PAKU ULAR. 

BlechnwH orientalt L* 



' Snake fern.*** 



PAKU WANGI. 

PltoptUiB phymatodtB L. '' Scented fern.** 

PALA. 

Nutmeg. Myristica fragrans L. (Jilyrisiiceae), This word 
with adjuncts is used also for some of the wild nutmes^ 
espedallj the large fruited ones which resemble the tree 
plant. The smaller fruited ones with some of the larger 
fruited ones are called, Pendaba, or the variants Peka- 

RA, MENABAf PENDERHAK, OT CHENDEBAHAK. 



Digitized by 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 199 

PALA HUTAN BULU. ;:* .. 

Aftfristica Lotciana King. 

PALABUKIT. 

Myristka crassa King, and ^f• KuMthri King. f ' 

PALA HUTAN. . ; 

Myristica elliptica Wall ; . ' ^ 

PALA JANTAN PAYA. 

Myrisdca crassi/olia Hook. fil. ^ 

PALA.PALA. (Akar) 

Ficnif aurantiaca Griff. {Urticacfne\ A climbing fig, the 
^%9 of which are as large as a very large wild nutmeg 
and orange-red. 
PALAS. *\ 

Lintala pafudom Griff. (Palmeae) and other species. The / ' 

Licualas are fan palms, the leaves of which are cut into 
segments. ''^ • 

PALAS TIKUS- """' 

Lien at a acutifida Mart (Paimae) and L. jnmlla Becc The 
name Js also applied to Iguanura geonomoeformis Mart. 
PALAS BATU. . •< 

Liaiata hngipes GrifiF. 
PALAS REWANO. 

Lk'uala pusiiia Becc. (Pahnae), 

PALAS PADI. 

Lkuala glabra Griff. Also Palas GuNONQ according to 
Griffith (Palms of British India). A small dwarf species 
occurring on hills at about 2000 feet altitude. 

PALIMUNYIT. (Pahang) 

Anaxagorea Scortechinn King. {Anonaceae). A small tree, ;c : ) 

PALUNO. 

Eugenia nitida Dnthle. (MyHaeeae). Maingaj*s list. 

PANASAN. '; 

Ilomaltum longifolium Benth. {Samjfdaceae)* 

PANCHAN. (Malacca) -': 

UrophyUum hirsutum Wight {BuUceas). 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



PANDAN. 

A uamo given to tho smaller screw pines (Panilmuiceae). 
The leaves of which are used in making mats. 
PANDAN HIRU. 

MafHtnia hyiH>tytrouleB C. B. C. {Cyperaceae). A broad leaved 
sedge re^nubling a pandan. 

PANDAN DUKI. PANDAN DARAT. PANDAN LADT, 

Pundanus /ttsdculaiis LauL The common sea-shore screw- 
pine« 

PANDAN JKLINKER 

Pundaniis faevis Rumph. The leaves are used to flavor rice, 
for which purpose t4ie plant is often cultivated. 
PANDAN KARA, 

Pandanus sp. A dwarf species (No. 15 FL Brit. Ind. p^ 487) 
This plant appears as yet to bo unnamed. 
PANDAN RKSAU, 

Panditnus Ktihow Mi«]. A pandan which forms dense lofty 
tliickets along the edges of rivers in Johore and elsewhere. 

PANDAN TKTONGKAT. (Selangor) 

Pandanna s(x near P. Russow Mi(|. but apparently un- 
described, 

PANDAN TIKUS. PANDAN BEDURL 

Pandanu$ ot\itus Kurz. A small prostrate kind. 

PANOnONO. 

Aitomorphia exigua Bl. {MelastOMoceae). 

PANTAT BERUK. (Akor) 

Oeophiia reniformis Tk>n* (Ruliaceae). A small creeping herb. 

PANTAT ULAT. (Malacca* 

MemecifloH cotruhuin Jack (MelastOMiteeae). 

PANTAT ULAT. (Akoi) 

Qnetum Bruiionianum Griff. {Qnetaeeaey, 

PANTAT ULAT PUTIH. 
Ratonia sp. 

PAPINA. (Akar) 

Iliptage tericeu Ilook. fil. {Malpighiaceae). 

Digitized by C:iOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT NAMRS. 201 

PAHA. (Johore) * •* 

Mangifenu »p, ( A nacanliacfaf). .•••.' 

PARA-PARA. (Rumput) (Malacca) , .; .. 

Ciipertis piiofus RottU (Cifpfraceae). ; 

PARAII HKTIXA. (Rumput) . . ' 

CtfperHs poliftttachyun li. {Ctfperaceae), •' / \, 

PAROU. 

Etofocarpus ^Hirvi/oiiits Wall. (Tiliaceae). 

PAUOII UNGANK. . y j 

PARONO. I 

Dji$o.vyton caiiNfloruni lliera (MeHaceae). -^ r j 

PASAK ACllOXO. / • ' i 

Po)H)ina iiernfolia UooV, M, (Anonaceaf). 

PASAK LINOGAU. /* j 

Pifsortfion acittwiffufuin King, also A glaia ghtbri/lora lliem, 

(Melutceae), Tins name appears to Us applied to seireral ( 

kinds of Meliacions trees, which produce a fairly good ! 

timber. • * I 

PASAK LIXOGA JANTAN. P. LINOOAMKRAIL ;. . ' 

Wahuni multiiuga (Metiaceae), ' • ., 

PASAK BRAS-HRAS. Also PASAK MERAH. 

Aglaia ghhriflora Iliem. 

PASAL. 

Arttimt oilontophiflfa WM. (Mymneae), 

PASIR. (Rumput) 

Adenostenviia tiscosum Porst (CompositaeJ, A common weed 
in villages especially in sandy spots. Lit Sand-herU • ' 

PASIR LINOGA, 

Tnstania Maingayi Duthie. (Myrtaceae). "? 

PAUn KIJANO, 

Irringia *\fatayana Oliv. {Simaruheae). A gigantic tree, ^': 

1 wellknown as giving a high class timber. li)e fmit re- 

I sembles that of a Mango. ^ j 



: J' 






1 



.^;^ 202 MALAY PLANT NAMES 

/j >^ PAUII KUAXG JANTAN. (Malacca) 

'j ■ llowahiiH tongi/otvim lien til. (Samifihiveae). 

.: I PAUll.PAUIl. PAUOPAUU PRAYA. 

••'•• Kvotlia Roxhurfjhiana Boiith. (Ihttaceae). A shrub with 

'f'\ white flowers common in open country. 

i ;^; * PAUIl.PAUU HETINA. 

' -^ •.. EroiUa lati/olia De C. (Rutaceae). A fairly large tree. 

;; ;i\, PAUU-PAUn PASIR. 

jj''.\- Crofon Ciiutf at us Geiseh {Eitphorbiaceae), 

PAWAN. 

CUroiUmlron t ii eriii« Gaer In. (Verbrnaceae). 

|:;; PA WANG. (Bnnga) 

j'. I r Stertospermum hy^wstivtum Miq. (Biyiioniaceae}, 

t^\[' PAYONG ALL 

Jh'ophifttim aiUantoiiUh Wt (Oeramaceae), All's Umbrella. 
A small herb the leaves of which spread out so as to Hug- 
V ; • gest an umbrella. 

PAYUNG. Also KAPAYUNG. 
1 1 . ( PatigiuiH edute Bl. (Bixineae). 

j J' PERUPAT. 

*.. j • 5oNiif nf /ici 4/c'if/<i (i riff. {Lgthraceae), A big tree growing 

. ' >t iu luud on the coast, used for making the knees of Itoats. 

PECIIA PINGAN. 

RmuUa mwwpfiglhi Br. {Rubiaceae). Literally •* The broken 
plate,- . 

PECUA PIUING UITAM, 

- r [. . ChaMtia curvijiora Th w. {Rubiaceae). •* Black broken plate.'* 

On account of the dark purple coloring of the stem and 
leaves. 

PECHA PRIOK. 

Jjrora fn/gens Roxb. and otlier species (Rubiaceae), Literallji 
** Broken pof,** the petals hemg supposed to resemble a 
red pot broken. Possibly it was originally Patjar, a 
word used in Javanese and Sundanese, for several plants, 
'specially the Henna. r^ ] 

Digitized by V:iOOQIC 



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MALAY PLANT NAME8. 203 

PKCHA PRIOK UITAM. 

Clerodemlron defle^vnm WalL ( Verhenaccaty A small shrub 
somewhat resembling an Ixora. 

TKCUA PRIOK PUTIH. 

Paretta indtva L. Also Chamtia vurvifloru Thw. (Hnbiacetu), - " 

Common shrubs with whit43 llowers. ' ' • 

. * ' 

PECIIA PRIOK BIRU, 

Kranlheiimm malacceme C. B. Clarke. A shrub with violet ' . 

ilowers. . ' * • 

PKCUA PRIOK BABI. 7 

CUroihmlron viltwutH Bl. ( Vevbemtceae), ' : - 

PKOAOA. 

Ihnhocotyle tmatka L. {V inhelUfenuK A creeping herb 
much sought for meilicine. 

PKIJAGA ULAR. PECSAGA TEKU. ^ . 

Geophila remformis Hon. (Jiubiaccat). A creeping plant witli 
the habit of the Uydrocotyle. '1 

PKKAN. 

Dehaasia sp. {Lanrincue). 
P'LAS. (Akar) (Johore) -^ 

Vitis etegans Kurz. (Aitipetideae), 

PELER MIJSANO. >• 

Fagt-oea auricutattt (fjoganiacme). A large shrub with enor- 
mous white flowers. 
PELER KAMBINO. • 

Jferttiera littoralis Prjan. {Stercuiiaceae), 
TELUK llANTU. 

Petunga veituiw^a Hook. fil. Also PULAS IlANTU. 
PELAWAa (Akar). . . : > 

Catgcopteris floribumla Lara. (Combretaceae^ 

PELAWAN. • 

Tntttania tvhitiam Griff., T. Maingagi Duthie, and T. burmtH" 
Mica Griff. (Mgrtavcat), Large trees with bunches of 
small white flowers, and the stems red and covered with y; . 

bark which flakes off and remains in piles at the base of 
the tree. The timber is hard and good. t ^^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC. *'* • 



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204 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



; 5 PELAWAN BERUK, 

j 'i ,' Ethcnies Uucocarpa Jack. (Oc/iwac^of). A small shrub with 

' \: , > ^ white, rose, or red berries. Jack is the authority for this. 

'^y'y} PELAWEL (Selangor) 

} I' \ TenninaHa foetidissma Griff. {Comhretaccae). A big tree 

j;'- • '^: common in wet places, flowers small white in spik&s, fruit 

like a small green mango. It gives a good timber. 
PELANDOK BESAR. 

Trigonostemon tndicus MuelL {Euphorhiaceae). 

jr/r:. PELANGL 

J )r;.i\' AporoM microcalyx Hassk. {Euphorhiaceae). 

I i.-f!:*) PENAGA. 

I i; '^ *! Calophtflium inophyllum L. (Gutti/erae). More commonly 

•' t. : called BiNTAKGOa 

; f ' PENAGA BATU. 
. ' V ! : CaiophuUum Wallichtanum. King. 

■ » V *^l PENAGA HITAM. 

s^.V* Cratoxif Ion arbor escens IM. (Hyperivineae). 

; * - PENAGA KUNYIT. Also PENAGA LILIN. PENAGA PU- 

i: • ., TIH. P. SUGA. 

; ''^ Meaua ferrea L. (Outtiferae). 

.;:;, : PENAGALILIN. (Malacca) 

V . MyrxBtica sp. 

; ^ ]' PENAGA NASI. 

j i ; ] Liftfea myristicae/ofia Wall. {Laurineae). 

.]] PENAGA PATA. 

' !;." Aoyra ^ra/iclts King. ((rti<ft/erae). 

' j ■ ' PENAUPENAH HUTAN. (Akar) 

*. ;| ..' Pt^ychotna spi {RubiaceaeJ. It is also called Akar Ganda- 

RU8A, and is used in native medicine, . 
PEN A WAR BILLAH. 

Psycfiotria angulata Korth. (Ruhiaceat). A shrub the leaves 
of which ate used for large sores. 
PENAWAR HITAM. 

QonioUudamui gigantcus Hook. fil. Lit. ** Black medicine.** 
':'ih '^ A diug of great repute 4 mong the Malays. t 

,-'/!,;, If ;- Digitized by V:iOOQlC- 



MALAY PLANT NABtES. 205 

PEXAWAR PAHIT. --; 

Euri/coma latijolia Jack. (Smarvheae). " Bitter medicine ** 

\ small tree ,with very bitter bark and wood used for \'- 

fever by the natives. • ! • 

PENDARAH. Also PEN A RA and MENARA. • ; ' 

Gomphia sumutiana JacV. (Ochnaceae).. / /., 
Also commonly applied to the wild Nutmegs ^f^li^<^ica m- - ' 

perba Hook. fil. and other species (MyrUticaceat). [ . 

FENARA BATU. - \ ' : 

Mtftistica ScorteMnii King. ..7 

PENARA BDKIT. '.'(- 

Myristica conjetin Bl. ' . . 

PEXDARA HIJAU. : i: 

MyvMcfi pofysphaenila Ilodk. fil. -•' 

PENDARA HITAM. 

J/. ohloHififolia King. -W ' 

PENDARA KIKEH. 
M, intentmlta Bl. 

PENDARA LAUT. * 

Mynstka glaucescens Ilook. fil. 

PENDARA PADl. r 

Myiistica missionis Ham. 

PENDARA FAYA, 

Myristica Collettiana King. 

PENDERAHAN. Also CIIENDERAUAN. * 

Myristica Maingayi Hook. fil. J/, tomentosa Hook. fil. and - -;. 

other species. .... 

PENDARAHAN TANDOK. ' ' 

Myristtca Curtisii King. 

PENGURAK. (Johor) '- * 

AsysUuia intrum Nees. (Acunthaceae), A herb with violet 

fiowers common in hedgea ''*• ; 

PeNING-PENING. See Mempening. . ; •*.; 



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206 MALAY PLANT NAMEa 



>] .5 PENKILAI. 
;-jv'i Cierodendi'OH panicitiatuM L, {Verhenaceae), 

i - FENLUROH, 
It y;r Lepidwjathis lonfjifolia Wight (AcanthaceaeJ, 

.J^ I J PENATON. 

5y!i;J CltrodtHiHi'on siphonanthuts Br. ( Ftr^enaccae). Favre is the 

•' i • ^i" •> authority for tiiis. 



PENGGEHB. 

Aglaonenui angtistifolium N. E. Br. {Aroideae), 



:!?[;• PBNURUN LUTONG. (Johore) 

(ii'"^;'!- G«/eari« <ut«/a/a Muell. ( Eaphorbiaceae). A shrub. 

. j . -^ : Polfiidthia Hp^. (Anonactat). 



PEPISANG. ContractioD for Pisang-Pisang. 



f : ;; PEPITAM- 

\\ 'J / catena ciijanaefolia Benth. (Leguminosae). A low shrub 

''^'l\. j; with large pale violet flowers. 

PEPULUT. A contraction for POLUT-PuLUT, which see 
Urena lobaia L. (Malvaceae), 

i.;v. PERAWA& 

I ;* ^' Randia ilensijiora Benth. (Rtd)iaceat), See also Medakg 

i'-i; : . ' pebawas. 



i II i\ : kin. 



PERIA LAUT. 

Momordica charantta L. ( CucurbttaceaeJ, A cultivated pump- 



PERIA HUTAN. 

Vitis moiiissima Wall. (AmpeliiUae), A wild vine. 
PERIA BULAN. ' 

CattUosptrmum Ilalicacabumh. (S<ipiMUti:ea€), The balloon- 
vine. 

PERINOAT. 

Brrynia rectinata Hook. fil. (Eupfwrbiaceae). 

PERINGAT KATING. 

CrotOH cattdatHs Geisel. {EuphorlnactaeX 

\'^%[^ . ' " Digitized'by GoOglC 



MALAY PLANT NAMK8. 207 

PERACHET. 

Tafpernoemontana malaeeen^M Ilook. fil. (Apoct/naeeas). A 
shrub used in luitive roedictne. 
PEKAH. 

.Ve::eU{a leptopoifa OVwer. (A nonaceae), A tall straight tree 
with good timber. 

PERAH. (Rumput) 

FitHbrhtifits dtpht/lla Rottb, {Ci/pfraceae). A common sedge, 
PERAH PAY A. 

Elaeocarpw M astern King. (Tiitaceae). A tree with white .- /; 

flowers. 

PERCHA. 

DichopM^ ffvtta Benth. (Sapotaceae). See Gbtah Percha, .*, 

PERUPOH. /'' 

neimgtfi*09a longifolia Hiem. (Snpindaeeae)* 

PERJEP. (Akar) f; : 

Cnestts ramifiora Grift, {Oonnaraceae). 
PEREPAT BUKIT. 

Cupania LeMerttana Camb. {Sapindaceae). A tree. \ 

PEROPONG. (Malacca) Also BERUBONG. 

Adina rnbesceim Uemsl, {Rubiaceae), 

PERUTGAGAK. (Akar^ Also PERIJT KECHAU. 

Bi/ttneria Maingatfi Mast. (Sttrcnliaceae). A large climber. 
The first name meaps Crow*s intestine. 

PERUT KERBAU. PEROT KIJANO. 

Krifcibe Princei Hook. fil. {Convotmiaceaf). Literally Buf- 
falo intestine or Muntjac*s intestine. 
PERUT TEMBU. (Akar) 

Onetum neglecium Bl. (Gnetaceae), - .: ' 

PERUT TIKUS. (Rumput) 

. Sctrpui sunintis L, (Ctfperaceae). A slender sedge common 
in rice fields. TJt. Mouse intestine grass. 

PERUTAK. ;.. 

Afyrmecordia echinata Gaud. (Rubtaceae), One of the ant- 
plants. Favre is the authority for this. ^ T ^ • ' 

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208 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



Parkin higlmululosa W. & A. (Leguminosae). A tree, the 
pods of which are eaten by Malayii. 

PETAI BELALANO. 
^[*j \^ Pithecofobium microcarpum Benth. and A angti latum Benth. 

r *1 (Leguminosae). Trees with red curled pods. 

PETAI LAUT. 

Desmoilium umbel fatum Dec. (Leguminosae). 

PETALING. 

Ochanostach/fs amentacea Mast. (Olacineae), One of the best 
i, : -J i J; timbers, a fair sized tree. 

•':) PETALING AYER. 

PachynocarpuB WaHivhii YAng. ( Diptet'ocarpeae), 

PETALING TANDOK. 

A})orosa Praiueana King. (Ruphorhiaceae). A shrub or small 
tree. 

PETALING tUGO. 

A ntidesma cuspidatum MuelL (Euphorbiaceae). 



. It ;:. . PETUTU. 

! * ,»•, ^ Ifibiscvs floceosus Mast (Malvaceae). A fair sized tree with 

I i " v* jellow flowers, with a purple eye, the bast used for 

string. 



j 1, PETOLA MANia. 

^i;! The loophar. Sufa oegyptiaca L (Cuairbitaeeae). 



PIALU. (Malacca) 

Orophea $etosa King. (Anonaeeae\ Cinnamomum moHissimum 
♦ /J..5 , . Bl. (/^uniteae) in Johore. 

PIALU. (Akar) 

Zizyi>lm$ calophyllus Wall. (Rhamneae). 

t: piANoa 

Clerodendron nutans. Wall. (Verbenaceae.) 
PIANGO nUTAN. (Akar). (Pahaiig) 



. ■ rj| o». Ficus consodata Bl. XJJrticaceae). ^ j 

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MALAT PLANT NAMES. '209 

PIANQO JANTAN. 

PfUacahjx Sac4:anUanm Oliv. ( Rhizophoreae). Also. MtfrUti^ 
ca RtdUyana King. (Myristicaceae), 

PINA.PINA. 

Piukenetia comicuiata sm. {Euphorbiaceae). 

PINANO. 

The betel-nut Areca catechu L. {Paftiuu). 

PINANO BAIK. (Penang) 

Vafica Curttm King. (Dtpterocarpeae). 

PINANO BORENO, 

Pinanga mahyana Scbeft (Palmae). 

PINANO BORENO PADI. 
P. disticha Bluibe. 

PINANO LDMBAH. 

Peliosanthes albida Hook. fil. and other species (OpMopoao* '•*. - 

neat). Herbs with broad green leaves like those of a « -f : 

young betel nut {Pinang Ourcultgo or Luif BAR). 

PINANO. (Rumput) 

MariscuB unibeliaius C. R G. (Cyperaceae). :< 

PINANO RAJAH. 

The red-stemmed palm. Cgrtostachya tacca SchefiP. (Pabnae). 

PINANO UMU. • 

Nenga Wendiandiana Scheff. {Palmae)* A palm with 
purplish leaf sheatha 

PINANO LEOOKQ. (Fahang) 

Pinanga disticha {Palmeae), " 

PINANO DAMPONO. 

Pinanga maiaiana Scheff. (Palmae), - :' 

FINANO KAKI PELANDOK. 

Pinanga polymorpha Becc. {Pedmae), 
PIPIT. (Rumput) 

Andropogon intermedius Br. (QramineaeJ. *< Sparrow grasa'* ;-. 

PISANO. 

The banana. Musa sapientum L. (ScitamineaeJ. There ii a /-^ T ' 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



very large number of cultivated kinds which have all 
distinct namea Ouppj in ** Polynesian Plant Names** 
gives Saing as the Philippine name, and Soanga as Fiji ; 
words possibly connected with Pisang. 

The different rows of bananas on the bunch have different 
names. The first row nearest the stalk Is called Tadah 
Ambun (lit the Dew-tray^ as it is supposed to catch the 
dew ; the second is Tengkok ; the terminal one Chichit 

PISANG KAROK. 

The wild plantain, Musa mahccenns Ridl. (Sdtamintae). 
The commonest wild species. It is probably the origin 
of some of our cultivated bananas. 

PISANG K'LING. 

A name applied to Vanda gigantea Lindl. {Orchideae) in 
Lanka wL 
PISANG SEBIAK. 

Canna edulis; C, indica L. (Seitamineae), Sebiak means a 
beftd. The name refers to the seeds of the canna. 

PISANG.PiSANG. 

Any wild anonaceous plants especially climbing ones e. g. 
Umria purpurea Bl. The bunches of fruit are supposed 
to suggest those of a plantain. Contraction forms of the 
word are Pepisang and MUPISANQ, or MUMPISAKG. 
PISANG.PISANG BESAR. 

Popowiafoetida Maingay. (AnonactaeJ, 

PISANG-PISANG BUKIT. Also PISANG-PISANG KECHIL 
and PATA. 
Phaeanthui nutans Hook. fil. (Anonaceae). A shrub with 
green flowers. 
PISANG-PISANG BUKIT. (Akar) 
Meiodarum prUmaticum Hook. fil. 

PISANG-PISANG BULDO. (Akar) 
Afelodomm latifoHvm Hook. fil. 

PISANG-PISANG BULUa (Akar) 

Phftocrene palmata Wall fOiacineaeJ. A climber with the 
fmits forming a large globose h^uL ^ r . 

Digitized by VjrOOQlC 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 211 

PISANG.PISANG BUKU. ' .- 

Unona fUscolor Vahl. (AnonacefieJ^ j '*'--] 

PISANO-PISANO JANTAN. And PISAXG-PISANO KU- 

NINO. . .; - 

Uvana purpurea Bl. fAmnaceae}, A half climbing shrub * * * 

with showy red flowers. ^ .- ^e, 

PISANG-PISANG HITAM. / ' i 

Uvaria dulcis Dunal. (A nouaceae). ' . • ■ j 

PISANG-PISANG PADL PISANG-PISANG PIPIT, ' v ! 

Unena dumosa Roxb. {Anonaceae). •"..» : 

PISANG-PISANG TANDOK. V '| 

Uvaria purpurea BL (Jno/iocfoe). .* - 

PONG-PONG. (Selaogor) , ?/ ' 

Cerbera iactaria Uam. (^/H>cy/iac«ae). A bij^ shrub with 
large white flowers. .'• . i 

POUH. f . ! 

Sonerila moluccana Jack. (Afelastomaceae). Jack Is the 'I 

authority for this. | 

PONTIANAK. (Akar) • •* i 

Quutqiialis indica L. (Combretaceae\ . . . • 

PRICK KRA. .• 

Any species of Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae). Lit " Ape*8 cup.** 
The pitcher plants. 

PRICK HANTU. 

Mijrmecodia echvmta Gaud. (Ruhiaceae). Lit. ''Ghost's cup.** 
PRUSAT. 

Mitrephora macrophijUa direr. {Anonaceat)* A tree. 

PUA. • .: > 

A name applied to many wild gingers {SdtaiHineae). Filet 
gives the word POEAS. 

PUA. (Akar) 

MUlettta eriantJia Benth. (LegwmnoMe). 

PUABUKIT. •■./: 

Homalomena veluiina Ilook. fiL (AroideaeJ. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



PUA HITAM. 

Stenochasma convolutum Griff. (Scitamineae). 

PUA PUTIH. 

Alpinia involucrata Griff. {Scitamineae). 

PUA ACORAGING. (Johor) 

Uvarta mnita Desv. (Leguminome). A small shrubby plant 
with a dense spike of \iolet flowers. 

PUA MUNKANO. 

Alpinia Raffleaiaaia Wall. (Scitaniineat). 

PUCHOT KUNIANO. 

Afarlea ebenacea C. B. Clarke (Cornaceae). A big tree. 

PUDAK. 

Pandamts inermis according to Favre. Filet gives it as Ma- 
lay and Sundanese for P. moschattu Ramph^ 

PUDIH. (Malacca) 

Calophyllum inophyllum L. (Guiti/erae). See BlNTANQOB. 

PUDING. 

Codiaeum variegatum L. The garden Croton, the word mean 
variegated. Filet gives the word for Graptophyllum 
hortense Nees. {Acanthaceae). A common cultivated 
plant with variegated leavesi 

Also Clerodendron diaparifofium ( Verhenaceae). 

PUDING HUTAN. 

Tahemaemontana malaccensis GrifF. (Apocynaceae). 

PUDINRIMBAH. (Akar) 

Ampelocissui cinnoinomea fAmpelideae). 

PUKAN. (Akar). (Sungei Ujong) 
Jastninum bifarium Wall. (Olaceae). 

PUJONG MALAM. See Bujang Sahalah. 
Jussieua sujruticosa L. {Onagraceae), .. 

PUKl ANJINO. 

Cynometra caul\ftora L. ( Legutninosae) 

PULAL 

AUtonia scholaria Br. (Apocynaceae). A large tree.. 

Digitized by VjOOO IC 



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MALAY PLANT NAM£a 2l3 

PULAI PIPIT. 

ElaeocarpuB attpularU Bl. (TUiaceM). 

PULAMPAS BUDAK. 

Apostasia niula Br. {Apos(asiacMe)» A herb with narrow 
leaves and small white flowersi 

PULANGGA PAYA. 

Aporosa ficifo'ia Hook. fil. {Euphorhiaceae). 

PULASARI. 

Axli/ia lucida Wall. (AixKifnaceae), A drug used. io medidne^ ^ 

PULAS HANTU. Also PELUK HANTU. 
Petnnga venuiom Hook. fil. (Ruhiaceae). 

PULASAN. 

Xephelium mutabile BI. (Sapindaceae). A well-known fruit. 

PULASAN HUTAN. (Bunga). (Selangor) 

Anthocephaius Cadanba Miq. {Rubiaceae). A tree. The f\ 

flower heads are globular and suggest the form of the ^ 

PULASAN. ' 

PULAU HANTU. (Akar). (Malacca) 

Connatiis fnrugineus Jhck. {^Connaraceae). 

PULAU PIPL [ 

Macaranga popuiifolia IVf uelL {Euphorbiaceae)* 

PULEY. ■■ 

AUtonia scoiana {Apocgnaceae). Favre gives this spelling. 
It is usually Pulai. 

PULIS HUTAN. 

Connarus ferrugineua Jack. (ConnaraceaeJ, 

PULO BIJOH. 

Ficus globasa Bl. (Urticaeeae). : 

PULUT. 

Soft Rice. Orgza saliva L. var {Oraminea€). 

PULEH KAMBING. (Akar). Also PULEH ANOIN, 
Chaiiletia Or\ffithii Hook. fll. {ChailUtiaceae). 

PULUT-PULUT. Contracted to Pepulut. 

Urena lobata L. {AfalvaceaeJ. ^^ 

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MALAY FLAirr NAMBS 



PDLUT-PDLDT POKO. 

ChrysophyUum Roxburghii Don. (Sapotaceae) also Mallotus 
penatiffensis Muell. (Euphorbiaceae), 

PDLUT.PULUT BOKIT. 

Mallotus GriffUhianus Hook. fil. (Euphorbiaceae). 

PDLUT.PULUT HUTAN. 
M. Pcrtenantu MuelL 

PULUT. (Rumput). 

Fimbiiaiylis ospetTtma VahL {Cyperaceae). 

PUNGGAL 

Coelostegia Gnffithii Mast (Malvaceae). A big tree of 
which the bark is used for tanniDg. 
PULU0N6. 

Olycostnia sapindoidea Liudl. {Ruiaceae}. 

PUMATON. (Selangor). 

DixKoena brevifiora RidL (Liliaceae). 

PUNAl MExNGANTOK. (Buah). (Penang) 

Gelomum tnHli\florum, A Juss. (Euphorbiaceae). 

PUNUBAL, (Akar) 

Vanilla GHffithit Rchb. fiL {Orchidea^). The wUd Vanilla. 
PUPOL 

Connaropsis sp. A tree, the fruit of which is eaten. 

PUPULAT HUTAN. 

fephaelis Griffitkii Hook. fil. {Rubiaceae). 

PURUJOL (Sungei Ujong) 

Tabernaemontana ntalaccensis. Gf. PebaCHIT. 

PURUAN HITAM. 

Antidesma alatum Eook. fil. {Euphorbiaeeae). 

PURUNBATU. (Rumput) 
.. FiMbristylii diphylla VahL (Cyperaceae). A oommon sedge. 

PURUT PKLANDOK. 

Payetia costaia King. (Sapotaceae).' 

PUSATBUOAK. (Akar) 

HeptapleHrnm venuloeum Seem. (/Iro/tdceoA^ ., 

Digitized by CjOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT NAMRS. 216 

PUTATDARAT. '\ 

Barringtonia macrostachtfa Wall {^hftfrtaceae). -'' • ^ 

PDTAT OAJAH. ;V .. 

Barringtonia pterocarpa Kurx. (Myrtaeeae), -. ; 

PUTATPADI. ; ;V, 

Barringtonia racemosa Thw. {3fifrtaceae). -' ',. 

PDTAT BUKIT. 

Barringtonia sp. ^ . \\-\ • 

PDTAT PAYA. PDTAT TEPI. ; ;. : ; 

Ifelicia robusta WM, (Proteaceat)* .\'Lr- • 

PDTAT. (Akar) V i 

Onetum funiculare BL {Onetaceae). * ' J 

PDTRL (Bun^) X: ^ 

Orammntophylluin scriptum according to Favre. (?. sptdo^ 

mm is probably intended. '". * 

PDTRI(DADN). ' ^ 

MusBoenda/romlosa Vahl. According to Favre. j 

RABAND. :^ 

Smiiax megacarpa A. De C. (fMiaceae). See also Bano, { 

a name applied to several kinds of S^nilax. 

RABDKDMBANO. :r 

Cierodendron /ragrans YenU (Verhenaceae). A\bo Atchaf*nea 
rngosa MuelL {Euphorbiaceae). 
RAGIN. 

Vemonia spi {Componiao). 

RAJA SARI. (Rumput) 

DendrMum conostaiix RchU fil. (OrMdeae). A slender . j 

terrestrial orchid, common in wet ^>ot8. J ' . i 

RAJANA. ' j 

Alstonia spaihulata BL (Apocynaceaey A tree with small '•• | 

spathulate leaves common in wet jungle. 

RAMBAHAN BDKIT. 

Alchomea villoma MoelL {Eupfiorhiaeeae), Also Cryptocartta -. ' '• 

Or(j^MiaMa Wight. (Z^atirtiteoe). • 

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216 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



RAMBAI. RAMBEH. 

Baccaurea motleyana Hook. fiL {Euphorbiaceae). A oommon 
fruit tree. 
RAMBAl PONTIANAK. 

Oaiearia afflnis BL {Euphorhiaceae), 

RAMBAl BUKIT. 

Baccaurea brevipes Hook. fiL {EuphorUaceae), 

RAMBAl AYAM. 

Baccaurea Waliichn (Euphorbiaceae). Also Ryparia /asci- 
culata King. (Bixineae). Also Anisophyllea disticha, 

RAMBAl HUTAN. 

Baccaurea bracteata Muell. B. brevtpes Hook. fil. B. parvijlora 
Muell, and other species. Also Ostodes macrophylta Hook 
fil. (Euphorbiaceae). 

RAMBAl CHUCHUT. (Malacca) 

Aporosa aurea Hook. fil. {Euphorbiaceae). 

RAMBAl DAUN. 

Qaleaiia phlebocarpa Br. (Euphorbiaceae). 

RAMBEH DAUN. (Akar) 

Aeschynanthus radicane Jack. (Cyrtandraceae). An epiphy- 
tic climber with tubular scarlet flowers, the hanging 
stems with their round leaves suggest the hanging spikes 
of Rambeh fruits (Baccaurea motleyana Hook. fil). 

RAMBEH DAUN. 

Shorea acumnata Djer. (Dipterocarpeae). 

RAMBUT GBAMBAI. (Akar) 

Cynanchum sp. (Asciepiadeae)* A monstrosity of some 
qpecies of this genus, with abortive flower& 

RAMBUTAN. 

Nephelium lappaeum L. (Sapindaceae). The well known 
fruit tree. 

RAMBUTAN PASSBH. 

Nepheliwn costatum Hiem. {Sapindaceae) (Mainga/s list) 
RAMBUTAN PACHAT. 

Xerospermum noronhianum Bl* {Sapindaceaei, Pachai In a 

Digitized by V3OC 






MALAY PLANT NAMES. 217 

jungle leech. A wild Rambutan, with yellow eatable 
fruit 

RAMBUTAN HUTAN. 

Enogloisum editU BI. (Saptndaceae), This common tree ii 
more often called Mertajah. 

RAMI-RAMI. Also RAMIN. 

Boehmeria nivea Hook. ( Urticaceae). The Rhea or China 
grass, a well known fibre plant. 

RAMI BETINA. 

Macaranga Lotcii King. (Eyphorbiaceae). A small tree. 
RAMI HUTAN. 

/VcMA chartacea Wall. ( Urticaceae). The bark of which is 
used as string Also. Commersonia echinafa BI. (Titiaceae). 

KAMI HUTAN. RAMI BUKIT. 

Alchornea vitlosaM^ueW. (Euphorbiaceae). A large common . :j 

shrub, from which a fibre IS obtained. ;- ' '^ 

RAMUN6GAL /: .1 

^foringa pterggo^perma L. {Moringeae). The ** Horse . ' ' 

radish tree.** 

RANANG. [i . 

Glochidion brunnevm Hook. fil. {Euphorbiaceat), A Wg 

shrub or small tree. ' 

RANOAN. :- 

Cryptocarya caena (Lanfineae). A big tree. 

RANG-RANO. 

Crofafaria stnata De C. (Tjegumhomt), A common yellow 
flowered herb. 
RANG-RANG (Kachang). 

Canavdfia obtxmfolia De C. (Leguminosae). The large pink- 
flowered sea-shore bean. i '' 
RANEKDAUN. 

Eurya acuminata Pe C. {Terntitromiaceae). A small tree 
common in secondary jungle. 
RAPAT BUKIT. : 

Melanochyia angu8tifolia'ELo6k,^\. {Anaeardiaceae). . {jAnxa" •- 

gay*8list). 

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218 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



RAU. 

Canarium h.rvM A. VV. Itenn. {Bumrncene). A fair-aized 
tree. 

RASOW. 

Pfifutantis Ritssow Mm}. {Pamhtwtceae). This screw- pine 
forms dense lofty tliickets along the banks of tidal rivers 
forming a most conspicuous part of the scenery. 

RAY A. (Bunga). 

The cultivated Hibiscus or shoe-flower, Ihln^ctis roM-si' 
itetm^ \u (Afalraceae), 

RE.FANG. 

AcronjiMa iauri folia BI. (Rutacette). A small tree with 
little dark green aromatic fruits. 

RE.rANG. (Malacca) 

A Istonia scliolatis Hook, ^L (Afwcjfnacearj More commonly 
called PULAI which see. 

REMPENANG. (Akar). (Solangor) 

Cyclea arnotti Miers. ( Sfem^permaceae), 

REN6AS. 

Mdanorhota Curtisii Oliv. M. Waliiclm Hook. fil. Also. 
Olufa RenffaA Miq. (Anacanliaceae). The " Mahogany" 
of the Straitii. All of these have a fine red timber but are 
impregnated with a very poisonous black varnish. 

RENGAS MANAU. 

Afeianorhea Wallichii Hook. fil. fAtuwardiaceae). 

RENGAS DAUN BESAR. 

Mytiativa Jlookenwia Wall. {Mjin^tieacene), A very lar^<» 
leaved wild nutmeg. 

RENGUT. 

EpipremiHui */iganteuM Schott. (A rifideae). A large creep- 
ing*Aroid, with huge leathery leaves. It is one of the 
herbs used in making the poison for darts, by the Sakais. 

RENKONG. (Penang) 

Aninoptera CvWtVtt King. (fHptei'ocarpeae). A fine large 
timber tree. 

Digitized by V:iOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT NAMSS. 210 

RESAK 

A name applied to a variety of trees producing similar tim* 
ber including Shorea fnufrnfa Krandis, ih'pteroearpette Cas" 
tanojtsis nepheliouhs (Cupuliferat), 

RESAK PICOA. (Penang) 

Macarunga T^mi Hook, fil, (Kiiphorbiaceae). 

RESAM. 

OUtchenta IhttarU (FiliiXH), A common fern, ^ 

RESTONG. (Poko) 

Tahernaetiioalana malacccim» Hook. 111. and. T, corginbova 
Roxb. (Apocf/naceae). The word signifies venereal disease, [ 

for which the plant is a native remedj* ^ 

RIDAN. . , 

NephclituH Afaiiif/affi lliern. {Snpindaceac). A tree with 4 

rather sour fruits itisembling those of a rambutan but . ' ^ 

almost perfectly smooth and bright rcML : ' j 

RIUNG. (Prov. Wellesley) '• ! 

Anthitttinagtfjitntea Cuv. {Qvamiiieiu). A very tall showy . 

grass forming dense tufts of leaves and throwing up 4 ' 

stems about eight feet tall. * j 

RIANG-RIANO. 

\rchytM Vdklii Chois. ( Ttnastrocmuweae). The name Riang- ! ' * 

Riang is applied to Uie Cicada. 

RIBU.RIBU. 

Lggodtum BcamUnM (FUicti). 

RIBU.RIBU OAJAH. 

L. pinnatifidum (Ft/icex). Two common climbing fenis. 

RIXGEI JERENANG. .: '\ 

}fitrephova retictdata llooV. ^l (Anonaceae). A tree. 

RINGGIN. (Rumput) 

Carer eryptostachys Ilance. (Cyperaceae). 

HID. (Johcnre) ; ; : 

Timonius JainboHetla (Ituhiaceatj. A small tree or large ':. ' 

shrub with yellow Howers common in secondary jungle. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



RONOOA. 

Dysoxylon sp. • 

R0N66A JANTAN. 

Sterculta parvifiora KoxU {Sterculiaceae), A large tree with 
showy pink pods. 
ROSOK. 

Glochidion superbum Baill. (EupftorbiaceiteJ. A cotniuoD tree 
in secondary jungle 

ROTA. (Johore) 

Canarium sp. (Burneraceae). 

ROTAN. 

A rattan or climbing palm. Generally applied to the plants 
belonging to the genera CcUanms and Daemoiwiops. There 
are a large number of different kinds and still more names, 
and owing the incompleteness of the descriptions of many 
species, it is not easy to identify the Malay names. 
Besides there are a number of trade names applied to the 
rattans as brought into the market, which apply to the 
form of the rattan rather than to the kind. 

Griffith (Palms of British India) describes and figures a 
number obtained in Malacca ; to these he gives in many 
cases Malay names, but I cannot find that these names 
are now at least applied to the species he describes even 
in Malacca. 
ROTAN BAKAU 

Daemonarops propiiiqaus Becc. A rattan which is often to 
. be seen on edges of mangrove swamps. 

ROTAN BATU. 

CalatHtis itisignia Griff. {^Palmae). 

ROTAN BINNI. Also ROTAN TIKUS. 

Flatjellaria indica Ij. {F/ageliariaceae), Lit. the Wife's Rat- 
tan or the Mouse-Rattan. A common climber, the leaves 
of which have prehensile tips. It grows on the edges of 
mangrove swamps. Baskets are made of the stems. 

ROTAN BUAH. 

Daemonoropi Hytirix (Palnuu), More^ commonly called 

Digitized by V^ 



, MALAY PLANT NAMES. 221 

ROTAN Sabut which see. It produces very large qprays 
of fruit whence the name. 

ROTAN CHICHE. 

Daemonorops obtongus Mart {Palmae). 

ROTAN CHUCUUR Also ATAP CUUCHUR. 

Cafamus cofitaneus Gnffith. {PalnmeJ. lliis rattan does not 
produce ch'mbing stems, so the Malays usually call it simply 
Atap Chuchur. It forms large dense thorny tufts the 
leaves are used for thatching and making Ataps. 

ROTAN CHUCHUR MINYAK. 
Daemonoropf calicmpwt Griffith. 

ROTAN DAHAN. 

PUctocotnm Griffithii Hook. HI. (Pal mat). A gigantic rattan 
common every where. The stems are used for making 
baskets, chiefly used in tin mining and for legs of long 
chairs. They also produce much water when cut, and thus 
are classed among the water vines by the Malays. 

ROTAN GAJAU. 

MyriaUpiB Scortechimi Hook. til. Also RotaN Kkrtokg, 
which see. 

ROTAN GETAH. ROTAN HUDANG. 

Calainita didt/mophifUus Becc. (Palmeae). One of the species 
in which the skin of the fruit produces a red coloring 
matter known as Dragon*s blood. The stem is full of a 
white latex whence its name Rotan Getah. The shoots 
are eaten by Matay& 

ROTAN GUN0N6. 

Calamus exilis Griff, according to Griffith. ** Mountain- 
rattan.** 

ROTAN JERENANG. 

Daemonorops Draco L. (Palmae). The true Dragon*8 blood 
rattan. It is very doubtful whether this ' plant occurs 
in the Peninsula. Griffith*8 plant describea under the 
name of RoTANG JRRNANG from Malacca has been sepa- 
rated under the name of Z>. propinquui by BeccarL 

Digitized by 



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222 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



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ROTAN KERAI. 

DaemonorofM ijenicuUUua Mart (Palmae), 
Alt$0 called ROTAN KAMANTING, Rotan Ouin-Chin, Ru- 
TAN GULANG and RoTAN TuNauu 

ROTAN KERTONG. 

Mynalepia scorttchinii Uook. fiL (Palmae). A curious rattan 
of large size, resembling PUctocomta^ but tbe fruits are 
round and green, covered with minute scales like shagreen. 

ROTAN KIPAS 

Ceratohbtis kini/kmug Becc. {Palinae). A very long Rotau 
with fan-shaped leaflets. 

ROTAN KDMBONG. 

CalcuHMs ornatns Griff. (Palmae). 

ROTAN LILIN. 

Calwmis JavtiuiH Bl. (Paltnae). A verv slender rattan with 

a few broad leaflets on each leaf. It is considered one 

of the most valuable kinds* 
See also Rotan Sindek, Rotan Tunqul. 

ROTAN MACHAP. 

Doemonoropa iont/ipuf. Also ROTAN Sepah, Rotan Cuo- 
CUOR. 

ROTAN MANANA. 

Calamm conirostrts liecc (Ptdmae\ A very beautiful rattan 
the leaflets close set together, deep green above and white 
beneath. Tbe fruit is prolonged into a beak and black. 

ROTAN MUSANO. 

Frtifcinttta (wgustijolia Bl. {Pamlatieae), A climbing screw 
pine, common in woods. 
ROTAN SABUT. 

Daemonorops hystiHx, An exceedingly thorny rattan, one 
of the oommonAst spedes. 

ROTAN SEGA BADAK. 

Catawus ornatus Griff. (At/imie). 

ROTAN SEMAMBU. 

CalwHUM •cipionum Lour. The Malacca canu. The name it 

-- Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



MALAY PLANT NAMRS. 223 

also applied to Doeinotwrops grantltM, 

KOTAN SEMUT. 

KorthaMa scaphtgera Mart (Palnuie). A slender climbing 
ratan, with an enlarged ligule in which anta make their 
nests, whence its native name. 

ROTAN SINDEK. (Perak) 

Culamus javemis Bl. {Pal mm). See also ROTAN TUNODL 
and RoTAN LiLlN. 

RF. RULAUT. Also ARU. 

Casuarvm et^uisettfofia Forst. ( Caitiiannae). A common tree 
often planted and wild along the sea coasts. 

RU BUKIT. 

Dacri/dtHm elatum Wall. {Comfime), Prom the resembUuice 
of the plant to the Caanarina, It is a Cypressjike plant 
growing on the hills at two thousand feet altitude and 
upwards. 

RUAIGAJAH. 

Ooniocaryfim lontfernvemf^um King. {Ofnrineae). A large 
shrub. 

RUAS-RUAa •* } 

Qehnium bi/arium Roxb. {KuphoMaciae). A tree. . { 

RUAS-ROAS JANTAN. • , 

Daphniphiflhim latirtnutii Baill. {Ruphorhiaceae}, A big shrub. 

RUDOMO. 

EiHHlia Roxhurghiana Benth. {RnUwene), More often called 
Pauh-Paith which see. 

RUKAM. 

Flaconrtia mtaphracta Roxb. and other species {Bixintaey ^' - - ^ 

Trees usually armed at the base with strong tliorns. They : ^ . i 

produce an excellent little fruit, dark -red in color as big I 

as a cherry, with a taste of a goosberry. ; •.. jl 

RUKAM HUTAM. 

Scolopia rhinanthtra C\o^.^(Bix{neae), A shrub resembling 
the true Rukam (Fiacotirlia) to which indeed it is closely 
allied. 



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MALAY I'LANT NAMKH. 



IMIK IJ (;AJAH. (SiinKei Hjong) 

Vt.rnonia vhiunrnt* I^»hh. ( CniHjmfiitnf), A ooiiiiunii villa^i' 
wood. 
ItllKlJ IllJTAN. (PtMiaiiff) 

AtleiuMwn cajtihifHm Hon III. (Lahtatae), 

KrKiJ-iaiKU. 

HoMil. OciiHum iMisilieuM li. and O, uihuin (hihuiUir), A 
kind of niint-liorU niiuh UNod in niodidno. 

UrKlMANTAN. 

lieinv/vaphis confmin Noi^h. (Avaulhavftit), A low liorh wliiitli 
vftj^uoly HUf^fVentN tlio ItUKU-RuKU. (Basil) 

HULANU IIUTAN. 

Toveuia ptuliinculariH Bontli. {Serophutannear), A Hnmll 
lii^rh Willi hliio llowoiH wliirli ^rowH in damp liiddfi. 
UlTLUS. 

SapiuiH iHtccatum L. (^iCuphorhutcrue), A Iroo, 

iniMAlI LANiJSUlR. 

'niuMuopfiriM Hiilus arii* (/»7/f<r^). Tlio lurdH-nasf forii. StM» 
PAKU LANOBITIIi. 

HUMAN^J PANAa 

Jhi'ifuia eoiatuita llook« lil, (I*lup/torltiatrar), Also IIlUAK 
Panah which see. 

KrMIUA. Also UKMBIA 

Sa4/iiH Ineriit Koxb, (Palmae) This is a common name for 
the Baf{o-palin in many |)iirtH, but hi o(hc*rs it is common- 
ly callcMl Sagn. 
RUMININIYA. Also UIJMIA. 

Hon fit uncrophiflla fiiifT. (Amicimltaceae), A common fruit 
truti l)earin[( Hiiiall yellow vory acid mangos. 

RUMPKI. 

Jstiimtta vrtHulata Forst. (Urtkavtue). The tree-nettle, 
the leaves uf which usually sting violently. It is oim* 
of the^ingredients in the S^akaifl dart poison. 
HUMrOKUMlU 

Fagraea racemom Jack. {Logantaceae\ A largo sliurb uion* 
rarely a tree. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES 226 

KIM PUT. 

IImHi i?H|ioi4ially ^(niMH. Tlio (lifTuriMii plaiiU culled Uumpui 
aro to Im3 found uiidi*r iluw NpiH^ific luimeii 
KI:NI)A. (Proviiicft WolleMloy). 

Otu'tUMin rarhtHta Tliw. (iMnaceae), A very fiiie tree 
gardoiiiA wiili \hw orange Howotu 

KlIPAH. 

Ihtphn9phi/tlum huirtMMtM Haill. {Kttjtharbi^tcctif), 

KUSA-HABI. (Joliore) 

WtotUtHma Irinervia HI. (M^rtacMr), A coiuiiioii tree ill ilie 
low-rountry* 

UrSA-KUSA. (Akar) 

Atjelutii rrsHta llf)ok. til. (Cottuaracrue). A larj^e juiiKle 
rliiiilx*r with Miiall vclvol y wriiiklt^ Hcarlot podii. 

PohfiiUhut Jhccitrii King. (A noiturttiej, A tuiiall tree with 
orange flowem in tuftM on the Mtein. 

SAHA. 

Ctfetai Rninphn Mii|. (Cifcaihtif), Favre \h the aiitliority for 
this. 

S A HAL AT. (Malacca) 

Aralidiuiu inntialtfidum Miq. {Arafuicea), 

SAHASAH. AIho SKHASAII. 

A name applii'd to Hoveral aimall (nioa or Hlirulm, diieAy of 
the order Kuphurlmvcae hucIi au (ihchvHun demnocarpum 
Hook. III. AIho Scifphiidiora InjdvophtfUacea Ciiertn. {Hu» 
bwcefte). A Hoasliore tdirub. 

8AHASAU BATU. 

CletHtmithii/i ttitidu^t Hook. fil. {Kupfwrbtacetu:). A Hniall tree. 

SAHASAH IIITAM. SAHASAU MINVAK. SAUASAIl NI- 
IMS KUUT. 

Ajtvrom utirta Hook. III. (Kuphotifiaceae), 

SAHASAH JANTAN. 

Aporom ficijulta Hook. 61. {KMjdturinaceae). 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



SABERNAS. (Akar) 

Discltidta albida Griff. (AsclipiaiUae). A small creeping 
epiphyte with succulent leaves and very small white 
flowers. 

SABIAK. AlsoSEBIAK. 

Tacca cristata Jack. (Taccaceae), A herb common in jungles 
with large broad leaves, and curious purple flowers, with 
large purple and white bracts. 

SABIAK. (Akar) 

Oynura aarmentosa De G. (CompositaeJ, A climber with 
yellow flowers and a purple involucre. 

SABIAK GAJAH. 

Cephaelis GHJfUhii Hook. fil. (Rnbtaceae). 

SABUEH BATU. 

lAmnophia viilosa Benth. {Scrojfhularineaey A little blue 
flowered herb* 

SABUREnPAYA. (Akar) 

Onelum/uniculare BI. (Gnttaceae). A strong climber. 

SABUREU PUTIH. (Akar) (Malacca) 
Paychoiria sp. {Rubiactae), 

SABURU. 

Sterculia rubiginosa Vent (Steixultaceae). A small tree, 
with pink flowers, and scarlet capsules with black 8eed& 

SABUROa (Akar) See also SABUREH. 
Qnetum fumciilart BI. (OMiaceae). 

SABURUTEH. 

FicuB pisi/era Wall ( Urticaceae). 

SABUSUH. (Akar) 

CoptosapeltaflavaceiM Korth. {Rubiactae). A climber with 
white flowers. 

SABUSUn BETINA. 

Caiitliium glabrum BL {Rubiaceae). A shrub or small tree. 
SABUSUK. (Rumput) 

ClUoria cqfantfbita Benth. (Legtiminoaae). A small shrub 
with large pale violet or white flowers, common in open 

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MALAY PLANT KAMEa 227 

country. Prol)ably introduced from South America. 
SABUT. (Akar) 

TMifotis capitcUata Wall. {Riihtaceae). A climbing herb 
with tufts of white flowers. 

SABUT-SABUT. 

Oretria tfhbuNfera Hook. fit. (Ttttaceae). A small tree. 

SACUEUITTIITAM. rAkar) (Malacca) 
Onclum neglectum Bl. (Gneiaceae). 

SADAPU. 

Chisochtton &p, {3fel{ace(ie). * * \ 

SADA TURI. 

Sida carpinifotia L. {Malvaceae). A small shrub with buff 
flowers common in waste ground. 

SADAVVI. (Akar) 

Smitax cahphylla Wall. {Liliaceae). 

SADINGIN. (Malacca) 

BryophtfUum cahcinum Salish {Crassulaceae). A common 
succulent herb on seacoasts, often cultivated as a curio- 
sity, on account of the ease with which it grows from 
portions of leaves. 
SAGA. 

Aihnanthera pavonina L, {Leffumtnosae). A well-known tree 
with small scarlet seeds. 

SAGABETINA. 

Abru$ precatoritis L. (Legumtnome). The CcabVeye plant, 
or Weather-plant A small climbing herb with round 
scarlet and black seeds. 

SAGA PA YA. 

Datbergta Junghuhnii Benih, (Legumtnosae). A climber with :• 

greenish white flowers. 

SAGA OAJAH. 

Pithecolohium fasciculatum Benth. (Legumtnosae), A large ^ 

tree with twisted red pods and black seeds. - " 

SAGA KAYU. , . 

Micromelum pubescens OH v. {Rutaceae). 

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MALAT PLANT NAMES. 



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SA6AM0LEH. (Akar) 

LetUomia rubicunda Clarke. (Convolvulaceae). 

SAGADING. 

Qironniera pai'vifolia Planch. ( UrticaceaeJ, 

SAGU. 

Meiroxylon aagus Rottbi and M. Rumphii Mart The sago 
palms. But the word is more often applied to the flower, 
the trees being more usually called Rbmbia. 

SAGUT. 

Agtaonema angustifoNum N. E. Br. {Arohleae), A common 
herb with narrow deep g^reen leaves. 

SAJA. (Akar) 

Ahrus precatorius L. (Ltguminosae). This word is perhaps 
a variant of Saga, which see. 

SAJUR VVAH. 

QomoihalamuB maci^ophyllun Hook. fit. (Anonaceae), A small 
tree. 

SAKARIOT. (Akar) 

Vitis mact'ostachys Miq. (Ampelidtae). A vine with long 
hanging spikes of green flowers. 

SAKAL 

Dracontowelum tiuingiferum B1. {AnacardiaceaeX A tree 
with large plum-like fruits. 

SAKACHA LIMA. 

Clerodendron deficxum Wall ( Verhenaceae). 

SAKARITO. (Akar) (Pahang) 
. Emhelia coriacea Var. (MyrstneaeJ. A climber with small 
white flowers. 

SAKAT. 

A name applied to many epiphytes especially Aroids and 
fema. 

SAKAT BAWANG. Also SAKAT UBAT KAPIALU. 

AcrioMtg jat^anica Reinwdt (Orchideae)^ A small epiphytic 
orchidi with pink flowers. Lit. Otiion-orchid, from the 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 229 

sh&pe of its Dsend bulbs, and Head-ache orchid, the de- 
coction of it being used for ferer. 

SAKAT BILIMBI. 

ThecosteU maculosa Ridl. {Orchtileae). A little orchid often 
to be found on Bilimbing trees (Bilimbi). 

SAKAT. (Bunga) 

AgrostophtfliuM giianaceum llook. lit. (Orchideae), An epi* 
phytic orchid with small white flowers in heads. 

SAKAT GA JAtt 

Anadendrum medium Schott {Aroideae). A climbing epi- 
phytic aroid. 

SAKAT RIBU-RIBU. 

Drymoglossum pilonelioides (Fiffces). A common fern creep- 
ing on trees. 

SAKAT KALUMBAl. 

Dendrchium pumilum Roxb. {Orchideae). A small orchid 
common on trees. 

SAKAT LIDAH BUAYA. (Malacca) 

Obefvnia anceps Lindl. (Orchideae). A small epiphytic 
orchid. 

SAKAT TULONG ULAR. 

Coelogyne Rochussenii De Vr. {Oixhtdeae). An epiphytic 
orchid with long hanging racemes of flowers. 

SAKAT ULAR. 

Sarcanthus secundus Gri£F. (Orchideae)* 

SAKATILIMABL (Pahang) 

Aganostna marginata Don. (Apocynacme). A climber with 
white flowers. 
SAKBLAT. 

Sterculia rubiginosa Vent fStetvutiaceae). A tree with scar- 
let fruits. Sakelat is said to be a modiflcation of the 
English scarlet 
SARELAT. (Akar) Also AKAR MERAH. 

ConnaruM /errugineHS Jack. (Connaraceaf), A climber with 
red fruits and shoots. 



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SAKELLET. (Pahang) 

AntiiUsma leucoctadon Hook. fiL (Euphorhiaceae). A shrub 
or small tree. 
SAKIJANO. (Akar) 

Krycihe malaccensM Clarke and E, Pnncei Wall. (Convohu- 
iaceae). Comraon climbers with small white flowers. 

SAKIRDAMAK. (Johore) 

Sarcocephalus snbilitus Miq. (RuUaceae). 

SAKIT HUDANG. (Malacca) 

Ixonanthes reticulata Jack. (Lineae), A tree often called 
also Paoar Anak. 
SAKULAN. (Johore) 

Octhockaris bomeensis Miq. (Melastomaceae). A sea-shore 
shrub with pink flowers. 
SALAH NAMA. 

A name often given by Malays to plants of which the pro- 
per name is obscena Such /ts DecasperrnHm paniculatum 
Kurz. " Kelintek Nyamok." 
SALAH LAKD. 

ViitB quadrangularii Wall. (A mpelideae). Favre is the au- 
thority for this. 
SALAK. 

Zaiacca etlulis Bl. (Palinae). Also called Salak kumhar ac- 
cording to Griffith. A stemless thorny palm, the brown 
scaly fruits of which are eaten by natives. 

SALAK BETUL. 

Zaiacca a finis Griff. (Paltnae). 

SALAK RUNGUM. 

Z. macrostachm Griff. (Palnwe). Grifiith (Palms of, British 
India) is the authority for these names. The flrst is, 1 
think, doubtfully identified, as the real Salak is Z. edulis, 
SALAM. 

Eugenia cymosa Ijam. {Mtfrtaceae). Favre is the authority 
for this. 

SALAMANL 

Blainvillea'jrhouhoidea Dea {Compositae). A common little 



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MALAY PLANT NAME& 231 

weed with white flowers. 

SALAN HUTAN. (Akar) 

Marumia verrucosa (Meiatftomaceae). 

SALEMBAT. 

Eugenia conglomerata Duthie. {Myrtaceae), A lari^e tree. 

SALEMPAR. (Alcar) 

AntropJtt/uni reticuiatum {Filicem), A fern with broad eutire 
fronds, found on rocks. 

SALIMPAT. 

Piptofpaiha Ridleyi Ilook. fil. {Aroiileae). A small aroid 
with the leaves either green with yellowish spots or plain. 
It grows on rocks in Johore. 

SALIMPAT AYER. 

Aglaonema vtinus Hook. fil. {Aroide<te). A small arotd 
common in wet jungles. 

SALUNTAS ORANG TINGGI. 

Ardisia villosa Roxh. (Mijrfineae), A shiall shrubby plant 
with pink flowers. 
SAMAK. 

A name given to a variety of trees the bark of which is 
used for tannmg. 

SAMAK BUKIT. 

Eugenia papillosa Duthie. {Myriaceae). 

SAMAK DARAT. 

Eugenia pyrifolia Wall. (Mgrtaceo/e). 

SAMAK JANTAN. 

Pijrenaria acumviata Planch. (TernshveMiaceas), 

SAMAM FAYA. 

Eugenia inophylla RoxU (Afgtiaceae). 

SAMAK FULUT. 

Eugenia subdecussata Wall. (Afgrtaceae). 

SAMAK SERAI. 

Olochidion nanoggnum Ilook. fil. {Euphorbiaceae). 



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MALAY PLANT NAMBS. 



The sensitive plant 
A large timber tree, 



SAMAK TEBRAU. Also SAMAK UBAR. 

Eugenia itpidoctirpa Wall. (Mtfttaceae), The most common- 
\y used of the Samaks. 

SAMAF.n. (Singapore) 

Minkosa pudica L. {Leguminosae). 

SAMARUM. 

Pagena Leeni OH v. ' (Sapotaccae). 

SAMBARAN ANOIN. 

Psgdiotria sp. {Rubiaceat). 

SAMBAN. 

Eteusine coriicana fj. ( Onwiintae), A grass the grain of 
which is used though rarely as food. 

SAMBOKO. 

MlfrnitcoiUa echimUa Gaud. {Rnbiaceae). One of the Ant*s 
nest plants. An epiphyte \vith a large tuberous stem 
covered with thorns. 

SAM BON PAYA. 

Chhranthus officinalis Bl. {ChioriuUhaceae), A herb with 
white flowers and fruits used in native medicina 

SAMBD BADAK. 

Ophiorrhiza 9^ {Rubiacetu). A small herb. 

SAMBUKAN. (Singapore) 

Ttftophora asthwatica Wight. (AwUpiadeae). A climbing 
plant with small yellowish flower. 

SAMPAT. (Akar; 

WiUughhtia firwa BL {AjwcyiMceae). One of the rubber 
vines (Getab Grip). 

SAMPOPAYA. (Akar) 

Aspiiloptergs concava Juss. (Afalpighiaceae). 

SAMPU CHACHING. 

E(,onna^a vtronicaefolia Spr. (Scrojihularinetu). A little creep- 
ing herb with pale blue flowers. 

SAMPU KELADA. (Akar) 

Jhdgoiia capiteiiata Wall ( Rubiaceae). 



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MALAY PLANT NAMB8. 233 

SAMPU PUCHUT. (Malacca) 

Ifedifotis congesta Br. (Ruhiaceae). A tall herb growings 
in the jungle, used in native medicine. 

SAMPU TIKUS. 

/.cora'gttimlijofia Zoll. (Rttbiaeeat). 

SAMUBCT. 

ThoHea graniliflora Itotlb. {Avistolochiactae). 

SANA. AI«o SENA. And AXGSANA. 
Plerociii'ims imUvus L (LegumnoMt). 

SAN ALU API. See Bkndalu. 

Loraiithns pentamhun L. ( rA}ranthaceae). 

SANDAXG. (Ruinput). 

Fmbn'jttglis gtobufom l^nth. (C^pet'aeeae), 

SANDAXG PADI. (Akar) 

Cohorep/tafuf ftubtrinernM^f Miq. ( Urticfcrac), 

SANDEUAP. (Akar) 

Connaruif ferrugitituf Jack. (CunMu^tceae/. 
SAXGGOL IXTONG. 

yepheHum trhiHlahtm Mi<i. {Sapvuhtceae), ^ A wild rambu* i 

id 

SANGGUL LUTOXG UITaM. 

Chii^oi'heloH penduiiflorm* Plancli. (Me/hcfaf)^ 

SAXGKAP JAXTAN. 

Kibema f implex Kortli. {Afehv*foinaceney 

SAX(;KAP. (Akar) 

y^/Hfr sp. {PiiHi'nctat). A wild pepper. 

SAXJUAXG. SeeSBNJUAN. V ^ 

SAXGKANG BUAYA. (Akkr) ''] 

SANKAU MBRAH. . u 

Ixonanthes obovata Hook. fil. (Lineae), ' \ '' 

SANGKUANG. Also CUANGKUANO. : ;! 

Dt^acontomeluM niangiferum Bl. (Anacanliaceae). 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



SAPADAN. 

Iguannra iwlymorpha Becc (Patmue), A ^mall palm. 

SAFAGL (Rumput) 

Vernonia cinerea Bl. {Com^wsifae). A common weed with 
purple flower heads. 

SAPKDAS. 

Mac'iranga megnlophylla Muell. (Euphorbuweae), 

SAPONG. 

PittOitporum ferrut/ineum Ait {Pitiosporeae). 

SAPULUT. (Singapore) 

llypiis suaveltM Poit fLdbiatae) A strongly scented mint- 
like herb. 

SAPARU KRAS. 

Aspaiagus. A, officinale L. fLi.iaceiu). This which means 
'* half-hard " is a native perversion of the word Asparagus. 

SAPUTTUNOAL. Akar 

7 y/oyi/<ora /e/iKur Wall {AsclepiaUae). A climber with small 
pink flowers. 

SAPULl.. Pahang 

Fagtaea racetHosti Jack. (Loganinceat). 

SAPDTI. 

Sindora siaMensis Teysm. {LeguminoMt). 

SAPUTI SINDO. 

iS. Wailichii Bentb. Lofty trees producing a valuable tim- 
ber. They can be easily recognized by uie prickly round 
flat poda. 

SAPUTI MINY^K. 

Sindora sp. A species with no prickles on the pods. It pro- 
duces an oil. 

SARAUJANTAN. (Buab) (Penang) 

KuHsllei-ia Kingii Praia (LegHnnnome). A lofty climber. 

SARANG PIPIT. (Rumput) 

^nthistiria arguew (GnunineaeJ. A rough grass common 
on road-sides. Literally Spkrrow*s nest grass. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 235 

SARAXG PUXAI. (Akar) 

CftattUtia tlejfe.n'/oiia TiircA. {ChaUlftiacfae), \s\U Pigeon's 
nests. .\ climbing shruti. 

SARANO BUAYA. (Rumput) 

Pamcum noih»um (Qraimnene\ '* Crocodile grass,** ^ 

SARANG TUPAI. 

AneiUma muliflorum Br. {Commtlinaceae). Literally " Squir- 
rel's nest** A common little herb with pink flowers. 
SARANOAN. 

A variant of BBRANCf AN according to Pavre. 

SARANI. (Rumput) ;' 

Lifcoj}0(Utim cemuum (Lifcopodiaeeae). The common clubmoss. 

SAROJA. See Seboja. 

Kelumltum speciomim Willd. {Xymj}h€aceae). The lotos. , ri 

SARAPAPAT. (Akar) 

Streptocauton WalHvhn W. and A. {AwUpiadeae). A verj 
milky climber. 

SARAPAT. (Akar) 

Jhya direisifolia Bl. (Apocytiaceae). A pink wax-flower. 

SARAPAT JANTAN. (Akar) ! 

Gnetum negtectum Bl. {Gnetactae), 
SARAPOK. 

Xon-isia mataceenMn Oliv. {fjogafifaeeney A tree with 
white flowers. 

SARAPOH JANTAN. 

Erodia latifotia Dec (Rutaceae). A tree with large masses 
of small white flowers. ^ \ ; 

SARATONG. (Johore) ^ ; . ; 

Tahtrnaemontana corymhom Roxb. (Apocifnaeeae). A small * 'V .^ 

tree with showy white flowers. * ' ' 

SARATONG PADI. (Johore) . ;| 

Ixorapendula Jack. (Ruhiaceae). A shrub with bunches of ' , - 

pink and white flowers on long hanging stalks. ' ' i 

SARIBUML 

Ifefiotropium mdicum L (Boraginetu:). The little wild hello 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



trope with small white flowers. 

SAUI lUTLAN. (Sungei Ujong) 

Erigeron (tHifolius Willd. (CoMfH).<itaeK A tiill weed com- 
mon in waste ground. 

SARI INOANK. SARI IIUTAN. 

J/tfphs brenpeit Poit. {Labiatae). A wiH?dy hoib the leaves 
of which are eaten as a vegetable. 

SAi:PAXt.\ (Malaaa) 

Knrnwia spi (WnwutfueX 

;:;ARri>ANt; BOTINA. ♦ 

fombrrtuth exteamm Roxli. (Combvrtavntr), \ rliinU*r wilh 
pV4»n flowei**. 

SARrXK. 

nWf/iii bijUtra l>e ('. (ContfH>sitnrJ. A sea-shore shrub with 
vellow flowers. See Skrknah. 

SARIISCIIR (Johore) 

lliptatje itfvicra Hook. lit. (Maipiglnmrae), 

SASARAN. (Akar) 

CoHOffphahif aitbtrinrrrtin Mm- (i^'fuuifnir), A small herb 
with violet l>alls of flowers. 
SAT AG IT. 

Dianella em^biia Red. (Liiiaceue). A comuion herb in 
wood^ with blue or white flowers and berries. 

SATDBAL. (Akar) 

Ucnfiloma fjobbkina A. D. C. {Santa faceae). • 

SAUH. SAWA. 

MiiHufOfjit laidi L. (Sajiotavtae). A fruit tree. 
SAUIl HUTAN. 

PjannariuM GnjUtltiauuM Book. fli. (Ifofiuceae). A large 
tree with deep green leaven, white flowers and yellow 
plum-like fruits. 

SAU MANILLA. SAWA MANILLA. 

The Cbiku or Sapoti. Achras Sapoia L. {Sapotaceae), This 
may be a Malaicised form of Sapodilla, the West Indian 
name for the fruit 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 237 : . ; 

>\VT. (Akir) . ; 

Mmlecva fiinffajwiraiui Mast. (I\t.<*(/forttte), A cliniliiiig 

plant with small jjfroen flowei-a and scarlet fruits contain- - *' ' f 

ing black seeds in a white fleshy aril. It is said to be -''^ [ 

poisonous. 

SAWL AlsoSl^ISAWL - [ 

Mustard. lirasm'a ni*jra It, (CrHciferaf). ''- " i 

SAYDR. 

Mustard. Dnvtsica nujm L, {Cruciffrae). .Mso a common . • ; 

word for vegetable. * 

SAYUK PAKIS. • ' 

StfiHU'hIoeiia i>itttiHtrh (Fificfjt), A common climbing fern '• I ' * 

found in swanqis the s*hoot<< of which are commonly . j ' 

eatiMi. 1 I ' 

SKHASAII. ^ ': i 

S«yj}hiphoni fiififrujtftiffhii'tti tia«*rtn. (IMiocfae), See Sa- •, 

lUSAH. ' * i 

SKBKH 

'^ Cainut pitfr/int"* according to Favre. ProWWy Canua '.t 

tiiitiiti L. (Scitamnrar) the Indian shot is meant. ^ 

SKIilAK. SeeSABlAK. j 

SKIilLKK. . ' 

Ca.*Utuopsis htfstnx Dec. (CupHlifente). A wild chestinit. 

SEBONG nUTAN. 

Lasianfhiis appressHs Hook. fil. {Rubiaceae). A hairy shrub 
with small white flowers and blue berries. 

SEHUOa 

Laf/erfttro€Mia FtiM-rej/mte Ret 7.. (Sythnua^t), More com- 
menly known as BUNOOH, which see. 

SKBITNUKAH. fAkar). 

Vitin cinnuinomea \Vall. {Ainpeluhae). A wild vIna 

SKJiUNKAK. (Akar). 

PteriMHthefhelerantha Miq. {A mpeUtt^ae), 

SEBURAS. 

Pollia Aclisia IToMk. (Commelimceae) A herb with white 



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MALAY PLANT NAMRS. 



' flowers and blue berries. 

SEBURAT. 

Variauts SaburuT and SuritUT. Thottfa gtatuliftora Rottb. 
(Anstoiochiaceae). 

SEBUSOK. SIBUSUK. Also BUSOK-BUSOK. 

Cassia nodosa L. (Leijuminosae). A common tree with pink 
flowers. 

SEBUTA. 

Sarcocephalus Junghuhnii Miq« (Rubxaceae), 

SEDANG. 

Saiaciajfavescens Kurz* (Rhamneae). A scandent shrub. 

SEDANG. (Akar) 

Parameria polynenra Hook. fli. {Apocynaceae). A climbing 
shrub with pink flowers which produces a rubber. 

SEOAPAT. rAkar) 

Aspidopetr^s concava Jusa (Malpxyhiaceae). 

SEDOMANG. (Malacca) 

Rhodamnia trtnertna BL ( Xfyrtaceae), 

SEGADING JANTAN. 

Ixora yratuU/olia Zoll. (RuUaceae). 

SEGAN BEDAHAN. 

Arthroj^tyilutH dirersifoliiim (Araiiactae), A common small 
tree in open country. 

SBGAN JANTAN. Penang 

Portulaca oUraceae U (Portulacaceae), Purslana A com- 
mon weed with yellow flowers. 

SEGAN PADANG. 

Euphorbia thymifolta \u (Euphorbiactae), A small weed. 

SEGAN PAYA, 

Jaekia omata Wall. {Rubtaceaej* 

SBGOREH. 

Mussaenda glabra Vahl. {Rnhtaceae). ArdUia riltosa Roxb. 
(Afyrsineae), 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



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MALAY PLANT NAMK8. 239 

SEGUMPA BETINA. Malacca 

AhotUia echinocarpa Korth. (Viohweae). 

SEJANOAT. (Akar) 

Sixitholobm (jifrocavpus Henth. ( Legnminosae)* A big climb- 
er with small purple flowers. One of the water vines. 

SEJARANG. 

Tabernaenionttum iteduncularis Wall. (Apoc^nacMe). 

SEKAM BULAN. 

Qreenia Jachii W. and A. (Hiibiaceae). A shrub with green 
flowers. 

SEKAPU. (Akar) 

Oreicia umbtUata Roxb. (Tiliaceae). 
SEKOYI. 

Italian millet. Panicnm iUilicum L. ( Gramintae). 

SEKOET. (Akar) 

Spidholobm t/tfrocarjni8 Henth. {LeytttMinos'je). 

SEKUBING AVER. 

Maltottis Joribuniluit MuelL (EnphorbiiWfae). 

SEKUNTUT. (Akar) 

Paederia joetiila L. (Kubuweae). A climber with a very un* 
pleasant scent 

SEKUNTUT. 

Saprosma sp. and Lamanthits spi (Rubiaceae), Shrubs with 
white flowers exhaling a very foeUd odour when broken* 

SELARU. 

Macaranga javanica Muell. {Euphorbtaceae). 

selasih antan. 

Oc^mum banlicam L. (Labxattie). Basil. A kind of mint 
often to be found in villages. 

SELASIH DENDE. Also SELASIH UUTAN. 

Stachjftarpheta indica L (Verbenace€u), A common little 
shrub wiUi blue flowers. 
SELASIH UUTAN. 

ff^ptis 8Haveolen8 Poit. {lAibiatae). Also Stavktftarpfieia 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



indica L. ( Fer^eiiac^oe). 

SETAVVO. (Rumput) 

Sfitvmacoce hispida L. f Rubiaceae), A couiinon prostrate 
weed in waste ground with small pink flowers. 

SKLKMBAn. (Akar) 

Seliuibar according to Favre. Uncaria sclerojth*flla Roxb. 
{liitbiaceae). A large wild ganibier. 

SELEMPAII. (Selangor) . • 

.GnetHM negledum Bl. (Onetaceae). 

SELENDAP. 

Cnnum asiaftcum L. (AnuivifUidtat\ Favre is the authority 
for this. 

SELENDAP BUKIT. 

Trij/onoiftemon iiuUcuin Muell. {Euphorbtaceae). A small tree. 

SELIGURL (Akar) 

DesmoiHum jHU'vtJotiuui Bak. (Leguminome). A little creep- 
ing plant with very small pink llowers, connuon in grass. 

SELIOCRl and SELWURI BETINA. 

CterOiUndron diMfHtH/ulium Bl. {Vtrboiactiu). A shrul> or 
small tree wstJi yellow flowers. 

SELIGURI PADANG. 

Sida rhottibi/otia l>. (Maituwtue), A common small slinil> 
in open country. 

SBLIMPAS. 

QuhqualU demiflora Wall. {Combrttaceae). A climber in 
pink flowers. 

SELINSINO 

Scirpoilendron costatitm Thw. (Cgperaceae). A narrow 
leaved sedge forming close thickets by river banks espe- 
cially near the sea. ' 

SBLOWUNG 

Miquelia caudala King. {Olacineae). A rather rare climber 
witih small ^reen flowers and curious red flattened ovate 
fruits in a head. It is used in making the poison for 
darts by the Sakais. According to Vaugban-Stevens. 

Digitized by V:iOOQIC 



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MALAY PLANT NAME8. 



241 



SELUANO MUDIK, 

A rtanemm »e$wmtdes Benfh. (Scrophuiai'iacetuJ. A herb with 
violet flowers g^rowing in swAtups, the narrow leaves are 
suppobed to be of the shape of the Seluang fish. 

SKLUBAT. 

A raluhum pinnatifidum Miq. (A raliaceae). 

SELUMAR. 

Mufsaendomis Beccanana Baill. (Rubiacaie). A tree with 
yellow flowera with one lobe of the caljx produced into a 
large white petaloid limb. 

SEMBARAXG. 

Ardifiia lanceohtUt Koxb. (Mjii^tvitae). A shrub with pink 
flowers. 

SEMBANO. 

Clerqdendi^H ditf^Hnifoitum BI. ( Va-benactiie). 

SEMBONG. AlsoSUMBONG. 

Blumea halmmifera De 0. (CoinjxMtae). A strongly scented 
herb producing the Ngai camphor of the Chinese, and 
used by the Malays in native mediciue. 

:f EM BONG HUTAN. 

Vernonia cimrea BI. (Cotu^Hmtae). 

SEMBONG GAJAa 

Adenostemma viscosum Forst. (Comj)Oifitae). A common village 
weed with mauve flowers. 

SEMBONG HUTAN JANTAN. 

CUrodendvon defiexum Wall. ( Verhtnactae). 

8EM1J0. (Akar) 

Strychnos laurmi Wall. {Logaiiiac€ite\ A shrub with small 
green flowers. 
SEMILAT. Also SEMBILAT and SEMELIT. 

Rourea fulgens Planch, also R. rugosa Planch. (Co/tiianiceoe) 
The former is also called Semilat Darat and S. PuriH. 
Climbing shrubs with small leaves often red when young, 
and pink or white flowers. Used for stomach-ache by 
natives. 






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242 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

SEMILAT MERAIL Also SKMILAT PAPAN. 

CnestU ramiflora Griff. {Connaraceae). A common large 
climber with red shoots and pink flowers, fruits I'ed, pear- 
shaped. 

SEMPELAS LIDAU KUCHING. (Akar) (Malacca) 
Gretcia laevigata Vahl. ( Ti/iaceae). 

SEMPEDU PADIT. 

Rurifcotna l,angifoHa Jack. (Simarubeae). Variant of Lkm- 
PEDU. See BiDARA Pahit. 

SEMPIAN PETRI. 

CUrodtiiilron dispanfolium Bl. ( Verbenaceae). 

SEHUOUM. 

Sifmplocoi adenophylla Wall. {Sljraceae). A small tree. 

SENA. 

A variant of SANA L e. ANQSANA Peirocarptu intUctts L . 
Chiefly used bj Europeans in error for SANA. 

SENA. SENA MAKL 

The Senna. Cassia angiu*iiJolia Vahl. {Leguminoaae)^ the 
leaves of which are imported from Arabia whence the 
plant derives its name of Mecca Senna. 

SENAIAN API. 

Xanthophyllum rufitm A. W. Benn. (Polggalaceae). A tree. 

SENALA API LAUT. 

liydnophyium formicarium Jack. (Ruliaceae), The ant*s nest 
plant. 

SENAMBON. 

A variant for SbtamboN; Baccaurea parvifl^ra Muell. 
(Euphorbiaceae). 

SENANCHONO. 

Croton arggritea BL (Euphorbiaceaej. A shrub. 

SENDAGURL 

Variant of SlSLIQUBI. Sida rkofMjolia L. f Malvaceae). 

SENDERAL 

Variant for CUENDBBAI. Orewia spp^ (THiaceae). 

Digitized by V:iOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



243 



SENDEREIAN. (Rurapat; 

A name for several kinds of Sedges, chiefly ScUria (Cypera- 
ceae), 

SENDOK-SENDOK. 

Emhsptrmum mafaccense Muell. (Euphorhiaceae), lit. 
" Spoons ** on account of the spoon -shaped leares. A Hg 
tiee with rather soft wood used for making clogs. 

SENOUDOK. Also SENDUDU. 

MelMtoma pohfanthttm Bl. (Meltutatnaceae) and allied spedes. 
Shrubs with sliowy pink flowers, commonly called 
" Singapore Rhododendrons.** 

SENDUDOK. (Akar) 

^farumta muscosa Vahl, and other climbing Melastomaceae 
such as AnpUctntM glaucnm Trtana and Disfochaeta punc* 
tulata Hook. fli. 
SEXDUDOK GAJAII. SENDUDOK OUTAN. 

Attomorphia exigua BL (Mefa^tomaceae). A shrub with 
greenish flowers. 

SENDUDOK PUTIH. 

^ftloBtoma sanguineum Sims. {Mela^tomactat). A shrub with 
showy pinkish flowers. 

SANJUAN BUKIT. 

Dracaena ternifiora Roxb. {Liliaceae). A dwarf Dracaena. 

SENJUANG HUTAN. Also SANJUAN. 

Aglaoneiua minus Uook. fil. {Aroideae), Also ApoitoHa 
nuda R. Br. {Apoftofiaceae). 

SENGKAWA& 

Diottpijron hictda Wall. (Ebenaceae), An Ebony tree. 

SEXGKUANO. Also BENGKUaNO. 

Pachifrrlnzus angulatus Rich. {LegnminoMe). The Yam-beao. 
A bean with a tuberous root like a turnip, eaten by 
natives. 

SENTADA. AlsoSKTADA. 

Podocarpui neglectus Bl. (Conifemey A tree like yeW, Com* 
mon near the sea. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 






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SENTOL. 

Sandoncum indicvm L. {Melinceat). 
tree. 

SEPADAS BDNGA. 

Cratoxylon forMOSum Benth. (lliipericiiifae). According^ to 
Jack. 

SEPAPUTRI. SEPA PETRI. 

Pentace inptera Mast. (THiaceae), A big timber tree, with 
white flowers. Also Qowjntjfhut Maingoyi Uook. HI. in 
Malacca. 

S^PAN. (Malacca) 

THatum imttn$ Bak. (LeguwiiiOMe). A word used in Malacca 
for Kranji. 

SEPANO. 

Sappan wood. Amf^nnia Sappan L. {LeguminomeJ. A 
thorny tree with yellow flowers. The wood gives a red 
dye. 
SEPIT. 

Vitex vestita Wall ( yfrbenaceiu). A tree with yellow 
flowers. 

SEPUIL 

ArthrophtfluM lUvern/otiuM Bl. (Araiiaceaey 
SEPUKU. 

IhptapltHrum vtnnlwHti^ Seem. {A%*nli€u:eae\ An epiphytic 
shrub. 
SEPUBL 

ManyUwa Mainyaifi Hook. fit. (AnacanUactae), A large 
wild mango with eatable fruits. 
SERA FAT. (Akar) 

Piitameria fw/yneura Hook. fit. (Apoeynactae). A climbing 
rubber- vine with | ink flowers, the bark used in native 
medicine. SCRAPAT or Sebapit is a name applied to 
several climbers chiefly Apocynactae some of which are 
used in medidne. 

SKRAPAT JANTAN. (Akar) 

Urceoia mataccenm Hook. fll. {Apocynaeeae). • 



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MALAY PLANT NAMRS. 



245 



SERAPAT KUNISO. 

Optnwna acnminaUim Wall {AschpmUae). A climber. 

SERAPOH. 

DaphniphyUuM Imiriniim {Enphorhiaceaf), A shrub or tree. 
SERAPOH, (Akar) 

Cela^tnif Mouosipevuia Roxb. (CehiMrineaf), A climbing^ 
shruK 
.SERAPD. 

Gironmera juirvi/o/ia Planch. ( Urticacene). A shruK 

SERAPUPUTIU. 

Ltndera Malaccennn Hook. (il. (Launneae). A common 
shrub or small tree. 

SERAU. (Akar) 

Parameria ghnduUfera Hook. fil. {Apoeynaceae). 

SERAU LIPI8. 

Pavetta indica L. (Riibiacfae). A shrub with white flowera. 

SERA WAN. 

Erycibe Sp. (Convolvulaeeae). 

SERA WAN. (Akar) Also SURAWAN. 
Rottcheria Oriffithii Planch. (Lineae), • 

SERA\yAN KUBANO. 

Ehtrmacim setigera Nees. (Acanthacfae), A little white 
flowered herb, common in woods. 

SERA WAS. SERAWAS PAYA. Also SURUAS. 

Fagraea raceinam Jack, (f^ogamaceo^y, Often known as 
Sapuli. . 
SERAYAR 

A name given to timber of several trees belonging to the 
genera Shorea^ and ffopea (Dipterocarpea4\ 

SERDANO. 

Livistona cochinchinensU {Pafmae). A tall fan palm. 

SEROA. 

Lepidagathis hngi/olia Wight. {AcanthaceaeJ, A tall herb 
with dull purple flowers mhabiting dense jungles, used as 
an abortient bj natives. 



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246 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



SgRgNAH LADT. 

' ^t ; • V I Sarunej according to Pavre. WeiMia h\flora De C. (Compo' 

\ ^ i A'/oe). A jellow flowered composite common near the 

X: 'Tv sea. 

' i v:; SERERAS. (Malacca) 

{J. >y\ Pittosporum ferrugineum >it. {Pittospareaey 

; /:.^ SEREY. 

[' ) , \ < CItronella grass. AiufroixH/on Schoeiianthtis L. (GrafninMe). 

! i •* •;• • SEREY BUKIT. 

\' rf I ,* Oahnia javanica Zoll. {CyjHraeeae). A tall sedge with black* 

'^ [ . ' ' ! flower and spikes growing on mountains. 

':V:l:l SERIENGGANO. 

IfyptU Wevtp€9 PoiU (Lahiatae). 

SERENGAN. 

Dtsmodium tatiJoHum Dec. (Leguminaae). Also KaMANI 



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;K- ; SERINGAN. 

[ !) Vr Uraria crinita Desv. (LfgummoMey The Malay Lupine. 

.*^ ( ; A small shrub with tiiick spikes of violet flowers. 

! ;* . } SERINGAN JANTAN. 

* « .' / FUmingia congtata Koxb. (LeguminoBae). 

•;i !•• SER6JA. 

The lotus. NelumUum speciastim Bt. (Symphiaciaty 

SERTONG. (Malacca) 

Kopsia pauciAwa Hook. fil. {Apocynaceae). A shrut) with 



> • white flowers. 

SERDNTU. 



V y \ C LtpidagaihU lotigijolia Wight. (Aeanthaceae). • 

lit ;• SERDPAH BtJKIT. 

Xorrisia maiaecenm Gardn. {lA>ganiaceae). Also SaraPOK. 

SESAWL 



I ! ! "-^[X Mustard. Braasica nigra L (jCrueiferae). 

' ^i* SESAWl PA8IR. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 247 

SESENDOK. .>: 

Contraction for Sendok-Sekdok. EHdospermHm maiaccetue '\ 

Muell. {Euphorbiaceae). 

SESEPIT. (Singapore) 

Sefuvium iwrtulacoBtrum L. (Ficoideae). A creeping succu- i, 

lent plant with pink flowers common on tidal mud. 

SETAMBON. Also SEN AM BUN. ' ' . 

Baccaurea paixi/olia MuelL (Euphorbiaceae). A small tree 
the wood of which is used for making sticks It is verj 
hard and jeWow. 

SETAMBON BETINA. .[f. 

Baccaurea ira//icAtt Muell. {Euphorbiaceae). i 

SETAWBON LILIN. , |. 

Baccaurea brevijjes Muell. (Euphorbiaceae). 

SETAMPIN. (Selangor) 

Mallotm Oriffithkinus Hook, fil. 

SETAWA. Also SATAWA. 

Cosius 8peciosu9 L. (Sdtamitieat) also Forrestia spp. (Coin- 
melitiaceae). Herbs, the creeping stem of which are used 
in medicine. Variants are Tawa-Tawa and Tawaoa. 

SETAWA OAJAH. SETAWA BETINA. 
Forrestia mollis Clarke. 

SETAWA JANTAN. SETAWA IIUTAN. 
Forrestia QrijffUhii CUrka 

SgTgBAU 

Fagrae racemosa Jack. ( Logamaceat). A variant of SiltubaL ' } 

SETEBAL. (Akar) | 

Horn coronaria Bl. (Apocgnaceae). A wax flower with V . ,; 

downy leaves and large waxy white star shaped flowers. '-'!'! 

SET© or SETUL. ... ij 

Enhalus acoroides ZolL {Hydrocharideae), A marine plant, -! 

the fruits of which are eaten by children. j. 

SETUL (Lankawi) ; •- 

A local variant, for Sentol {Sandoricwm indiam). }* 



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SETUBAL. (Akar) Also SATDBAL. 
A /letuloicia Lobhiana De C. {Sautalaceae)* 

i .; SETUBAL PAYA- 

Kibara coriacea EndK {Monmiaceat). 

SETULANG. (Johore) 
|r->'^ iVo<«i ranuntacea A. De C. {Xfifrsineaty 

SHINGHE, 

MicivstemoH relu'itta Kngler. (Awivariliaceiu). A big tree 
said to produce a dammar. 

; ; ; J SIAK: (Akar) 

jr.:*.] Phtfsogtehna Wtitltchii Wight ( AscUptadeae). A slender 

I . f . :• .^ climber with white flowers. The roots are sweetly scent* 

ed and are used in native medicine. 

SIAK-SIAK JANTAN. 

Dianella ensi/olia Red. Liiiaceae). 

SIAK-SIAK RIMBAH. 

MajMHia hutnitts Naves. (Ctfperactae). 

SIALMUNAUOX. See Manaon. 

Pteniandtn coerulacem Jack. {Melastoniaceae), A tree. 

SIALMUNAHON. (Akar) 

I ..V JasMvium sMilaciJoiium Qrifi. {Oieactae). The three nerv- 

^ /, ^ . ; ed leaves suggest those of Pternandva whence the name. 

r ; SIAMfiT (Rumput) 

\\'\ .[ .: Fimbfiftifiut asperrwia Vahl. {Cifperactae), A common sedge. 

:,- SIANGGIT. (SungdUjonff) 

* I [[ . i Ageratwn conyzoide9 L (Comjiositae). The white weed. 

'. \ i\ . > r SIANGAN JANTAK 

'^ \; DioipifroB tsp. (Ebenaceae). 

' SIANGUS. 

|; .[. ^<.r: Ci-o/on Onjitkii Uook. fiL {Euphorbiactae). A common 

jl ,;/]%: shruU 

'[ = : i't. SIANTAN JANTAN. Also SIANTAN UUTAN. 

\'t : \\ Ixoi^ amotfui Wall. {Hubiaceae). An orange ved Ixora. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 249 

SIANTAN HUTAN- 

Tiandia iongijfora hhwu (RHbiac€ae). \\ 

SIBILEK. :*' 

Alsodein echinocarpa Korth. {Viohceae), A shrub with 
mossy fruit of which the seed is used in medicine m a -'\ 

purgative. Compare Srbilbk. 

SIBONOKOK BUKIT. 

Sarcocephaius Junghiihnu iiiq, {Rnbiaceae). 

SIBU. (Rumput) 

OUUnlandia corymhom L. (Ritfnaceae), A weed with small -. ^ 

white flowers. / i; 

SIBUEHAPL (Akar) [ 

Gymuma aatminahnu Wall. (A^ciepiadeae)* . . i-. 

SIBUKH BATD. ^rj 

Limnophila villofu Benth. (Scrophularvieue), A little herlx 

SIBUEU JAXTAN. (Rumput) ; 

lltdyotis glabra Br. {Ruhiactae), A common weed. '- 

SIBUEU. (Akar) 

Gouania mtcvocarjta l)e C. (Rhamneae). A climber. 
SIBURU. 

Oomphia SunHitrana ^^qV, (Ochnaceae). According to Jack. 

SIDIN. (Akar) 

LygodiwK dichotomum (Filices). A common climbing fern. ' 

8IAGN0S BETINA. 

ParasteMon urophylluM E. (Rosttceae), A tree. j 

SIBIAK. (Malacca) .. j 

Juiticta 8p. {AcatUhacetiey .' [ 

SIOAM, - . . j 

Goniocaryum hngeravtmo^uin King. (Olainceae), A half scan- ' ! . f 

dent shrub with long hanging racemes of purplish green ' 1 

flowers. • • '1 

SIGOH. Also SIGONIAH. ., J 

Alsodeia KunstUriana King. (Viqhiceae). Also MictodeamU I 

caaeanfoiia (Euphorlnaceae). Shrubs or the colter some- ' 'I 

times a small tree. * -3 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



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SIGRAN. (Akar) 

WiUughheiaJirma Bl. (Af)ocifnacea€)» 

SIGUMBONO PAYA. 

Kihara coriacta Endl. (Monimtaceae)* 
SIGUMBOR DRAT. 

Pothomorpht subpeltaia Miq. (Pijpei-aceat). . A large leaved 
pef^per common in the hill districts. 
SIGDN. 

Cryptocarifu Griffithiana Wight. (Laurintat), A large tree. 

SIGDNDOL. 

Microatylis congesta LindL (OrcJtuleae). A small ground 
orchid. 
SIGURAL 

Webera hngifolia Uook. fil. (RtUfiitctae). A sbrub ^itb 
white flowers. 

SIKAP DADA. 

Oxalis corniculata L. {Gtraniaceue). A little yellow-flowered 
weed common in gardena 

SIKU-SIKD. 

Stnga lutea Lour. (Scrophularineae) A small herb with 
yellow or pink flowers growing in grass. The name is 
also applied to Oldetilandii cortfiitbosa (Rahiaceae), 

SIKU KELDANO. 

Tarrietia nmplicijoHa Mast (StercaHactae)! Lit. ''Bat's 
elbow,** on account of the winged fruita A vast tree. 
SILAMKULD. 

Psychotria polycarpa Miq. {Rttbiaceae), A climbing plant 
common m hedges. 
SILANOSANa 

Pamlanui n sp. A dwarf species allied to P. ovatw with 
globose heads of fruit It also called Sindayen Masing. 
SILAYER. (Selangor) 

Sterctilia Bcaphigera Wall. (SterctUiaceae). More commonly 
known as KUHBANQ Sahangko. 
SILINOHA. (Johore) 

Phoebe sp. (Laurineae), 

Digitized by V:iOOQIC 



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MALAY PLANT NAMRft. 251 

SILATKAIN. (Rumput) 

Centotheca lapimcea Beau. {Ornumneae), A grass the heads 
of which are very adhesive to cloth whence the name. 

snX)KAN. (Singapore) 

Octhochaus javamcu Bl. Qfeltt^tomaceM), A seashore shrub 
with pink flowers, 

SIMAMBA HUTAN. (Langkawi) 

G/j/cosmif fapimloiihf Lindl. (Jfutaceae). 

SIMPAYAN ULAR. (Malacca) 

Cupania plturopteHs Hiem. (S<tpm<hteeaeJ. A common tree 

SIMPOH. f I 

Favre gives also SiMPUil and there is a variant CHfMPOH. 
Difieniii tniUca L (Diiteniaceae). A large tree with verj 
large white flowers. Also Ramlia anisophifila Jack, 
which is also called SiMPOH Oajah. 

SIMPOH AYER, 

CUistanthuB himuiulus Hock. fll. {Euphofbiaceae\ 

SIMPOH BDKIT. 

Cryptocartfa Griffithiana AVight. {Tjaurineat\ 

SIMPOH JANTAN. SIMPOH BUKIT. SIMPOH HUTAN. 
Wonnia meliosmaefolia King. {Dilleniaceae). A yellow 
flowered tree common in hill woods. 

SIMPOH PAYA. 

Wormia ptifchella JticV. (Diiieniaeeaey 

SIMPOR. (Perak) 

Dichopm sp (Sapotaceae). A Gutta-percha producing tree. 

SIMINJOH. (Akar) (Pahang) 

Smifax Flei/eri A, De C. (Liltaceae). A climbing shrub. 

SIMMUNOKE. AlsoMDNGKB. 

Croton argyrafn^ Bl. {Euphorbiaceae), 

SINDARONG. 

Olochidion sericenm Hook. ill. (Euphorhiaeiae). \ trea 

SINGGA. 

Antidepna cusptdafnm Muell. (EuphorUaceaeJ, 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



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SINGGA BETINA. 

Cinnamonuw inerM Bl. {Laurtneae). A common wild cin- 
nftmoQ. 

SINGGA PUTin. 

Myristica glaucescew Hook. fli. {^fyns*ticaceae), 

SININTOT. (Jobore) 
Evodia sp. 

SINJARANG. (Akar) See also Jarang-Jakanq. 
Cyathtila pi^ostrala BL {Amm^antaceae). 

SINONIA. 

Mtinecylon cotrnUum Jack. {Mehftomaceae), A shrub with 
blue flowers. 

SINTENG. 

Cassia tomtntosa L. (Leifuminomt). A hairy weed with 
yellow flowers introduced from South America. 

SINTDLAN6. 

Jaclia wnata Wall. (Ruhiaceae). 

SIPBT. 

Viiex vesttta Bl. ( Verbenaceae). 

SIPITDM. (Pahang) 

Jltihiotis glalfra Br. (RuUaetae). 

SIRIH. 

Betle pepper. Piper beile L. {Piperaceae). There are two 
cultivated yarieties, SiRBH Mat atu and Sirih China. 

SIRIH AYBR. 

Piper miniatum Bl. (Piptmceat), A wild pepper with red 
spikes of fmit. 

SIRIH KADOK. 

• Piper longum L. {Pipei-actae), See also Kadok. 

SIRI GHICHEWL (Province Welleslej) 

Scindapsus nictMS Hassk. {Aroideaty A climbing aroid with 
Tarigatea leaves like those of a peppw. 

SIRITBUDAE. (Johore) 

Oarcinia sp. {Chtttiferaey - ^ i 

Digitized by V:iOOQlC 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 253 

SISIKNAGA. 

Bnrmannia cotlestis Ikm. \Biiriiiannuiceae). Lit, "Dragon's .:- 

scales.** A little herb with violet urn-shaped flowers 
growing in grass. .' 

SISIKNAGA. (Akar) '' 

Dernnoilium htterophifUnm Bak. {Let/umviontte), A small 
creeping plant with pink flowern. 

SISIK NAG A. (Akar) 

Pf.Hionia Dumnam N.E.Br. (iJrticace*te). A creeping 
plant with green or purple variegated leaves often cul- 
tivated. I ' 
SITAKA. } 
Plumbago rcitra L. (PlumbngtHtae), According to Pavre; in j. . 
Singapore it is called Ohebaka. ..• • [ 

SITOESOPIE. - *; 

Elaeocarpui t'obustuM KoxK (IViaceae). 

SITULANG. (Pahang) 

Ccptosapeila Ovijithii Rook. fil. {RnbiacMi). 

SRIANPUTIH. 

Kibai^a cot^iacta Y4w6\. ( Mommiactaey 

SRIGALA. 

tledifoUM glabra Br. (Rnbiav€ae). A common herb. 

SRI KAYA. 

The " Bullock's heart** Anona squatnasa L. {Aiufnaceae). 

SRI KAYA BLANDA. Also NONA BLANDA, 

The " Sour-sop." Anona muHcain h. (Ananacfae), 

STANDANG. (Rumput) 

Spermacoce hispula Br. (Rubutceae). A little pink flowered 
creei»ng herK 

SUA PAH. (Akar) 

Urceola toruioM Hook. fli. {Apoctfme^ae). 

SUASA. (Rumput) 

EfiocauioH sexangufare Ij. {En'oraufofteae), A herb with 
the 'flowers in white balls on the end of the peduncles, 
common In and near water. r^^^r^Jy 

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SUBANO. (Akar) 

tSphenodesfna p^ntandra Jack. (F>r&f/mc«ae). 
SUBIDAI. (Akar) 

Tylopfiom WaliicJiii Uook. fil. (AficUpiadeae). 
SUBURUS. (Akar) 

Randia rugulasa Thw. {Ihthiaceae). A thorny clinil)er with 
white flowers. 
SUBURUS HITAM. 

IHplospora 8{>. (Huhiaceat}. A small tree with green 
flowers. 
SUBURUTEH. See Aba Suburutbh. 

Ftcu8 pmfera WvA\. (Urticaceae). 
SUBURUTEU PUTIH. (Akar) 

Psychotria sp. (Ridtiaceae). A climbing species. 
SUBUTA. 

SariH>cej}IifUuM HnhHtw Korth. {Ruhiaceae), 
SUOA. 

(hnmma venom Bak. (TAguminoMe). A tree with white 
flowers. 

SUOAO PETALING. 

DiploMiwrn spi {Ruinaceae). 

SUGl. 

Cnpwiia pubescenM Radlk. {Sapindaceae) in ti[aingay*s list. 
SUQI JANTAN. 

Bifttnet^ia uncinata Mast. (Sterctiliacfae). (Maingay's list) 
Maingay hays this has dull i*ed wood and is used for the 
^ sides of Ghurries.l;j|ne is the only person who has col- 
lected the plant 
SUOI.SUGI. 

Onetvm Bf-unonioHnm GrifF. (Onetaceae), Also Aporota 
Microeaiifx Hook. flL (Euphwhiaeeae). 
SUGU-SUOU. 

Jfacaratiffa javanica Bl. {Ehphorbiaeeae), 
SUGUNJA. 

Anoilendron tMmtanum Schott {Aroidtae), An aroid cltmlv 
ing on trees. 

Digitized by V:iOOQIC 



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MALAY PLANT THAMES. 2BS 

SUJARONG. 

TabernetetnontoHa ptihtncnUiiif Wall. {AixK^hooeat). 

SUKAM BULAN. 

Orecnta Jackii Wight (Rybtnceae), 

SUKAM MERAtt 

Apot*osa microMphneia Hook. fil. (Euphorbuwta^). 

SUKUN. 

The bread fruit. Artocm^piiA incisa L. {UrticacMe). 

SULIMBAT. 

Eugenia comjhmerata Duthie. {M^frlaceae}, 
SULENOSEN, (Ruinput) 

yfa^Hscus ptnnatw G. B, G. (Cyptraceae). 

SULOH. (Akar) 

QnisQualis indka L. ( Combretaeeae), A climber with red 
flowers often cultivated. 

SULOU BELALANO. (Ruinput) 

Cf/perns Iria L. {Ctiptractae). A common sedge. 

SULOH HUTAN. (Akar) 

Urciofa toiiifom Hook. fli. {Apocynac€(te}, 

SULONG. (Akar) 

Psychotria poUicarim Miq. Also Gynochthodea sublanceoiata. 
Miq. (Rtibtaceae). 

SULOR API JANTAN. 

Loranthus pentandrus h, { rjoranthactae). 

SULUANG MUDEH. 

Eranthemum malttccetise A. B. G. (Xcanthaceae), 

SOLUBAT JANTAN. 

Agfaia odoraJfimma L. (3fetiaceae). 

SULUDANG PINANG. . 

Petiosantltes aibida Hook. HI. (Ophiopoyotieae). 

SULD KRANG. 

Embtlia Ribts L. (Myrfinetu). A common woody climber 
with small white flowers and black berries. SULU is a 
long shoot and Krano is coral 



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I ^4 'I 256 MALAT PLANT NAMES. 

M/.;^ SULUMSAI. 

'; i ^ Aporwta Mainyatfi ilook. (11. {Kuphorbiactae). 

i^;C^^ SULUFUT. (Akar) 

' .*'. ;V:'j /oJetf veiutina King. {Olacineae). A climber with green 

. f V-<i flowers. 

\y fl SULURO. 

IKe^ra 6ttllata Ilook. fil. (RtibutcMc), A shrub with 
white flowersL 



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; '* . ; 'j' QtUsqualts densifiora Wall. Jack is the authority for this. 

: V I SUMANGSO. 

. * f I ^ ^ CroioH argift'Uea Bl. ( Euphorbiaceae). 

f 3 ;.;?; ' SUMBAN PAYA. 

* .' ' ij ChloroHthus ojicinaiut Bl. (ChloranthttctaeY 

I ;/,:] SUMBAWANG. (Johore) 

. [;. . i Ka^tafertmginea Pierre. (GuUtferae), 

,; ; V SUMBO. (Rumput) 

i y V J SUMBONG. See SEMBONO. 

i . f 1 SDMBONG MERAH. 

!,' DitJUfiHocarpus crinUns Jtkck. fCtfrtandraceae). 

I; ) j SUMBOR. 

Bvtjfnki reclinata Uook. HI. (EaphorbuLceae). 

SCMINJANTAN. 
;I L ; Alchorhea villoma Muell. (Eupharbiaeeae)* 

SUMPAYAN ULAR. 

Oftodts macivphtflliu Benth. (Eupltorhiactae). 

SUMPELAS LIDAH KUGUING. (Sungei UjoDg) 
j'i OrtwiawHbdUUa^xh. (TiiiaeeaeJ. 

|jf :|. SUMPUH, (Akar) 

L'i'l JasiHifutm HfariwK Wall. {Oleaceat). The wild Jasoiine. 

;! r 1 . SUMPUH BADAK. 



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>fALAT PLANT NAMES. 257 



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SLMPUU Bl-LAX. Also SUMPUH KRING. ! 

AglaonehHi angusti/ofium X. E. Br. {Aroidtae). 

SUMPUH KKLADA. X" 

Hedtjotis capitellata Wall. {Rnbiaceae). « . i 

SUxMPUU KRING. *. • 

ArgostetHMu elaliMtemma liock. ^\. (Rulnaixae). " • ; 

SUMPCKCHAO. (Malacca) - - 

CUi-odefulron deflexum Wall. ( Vet-bttMc^aty 

SUMPUH LANDAK. '. ', 

Fonestia Qtiffilhii Clarke. (Cosuinelinaeeae). • • i 

SUMPUH LUMP6. C i 

Ardisia odontopfiiflUi Wall. (MtfiviHta), i 

SUMPUH MUN AH AN. f 

Cgiiandromea mtgaphifUa Hemsl. {C^rtaHdraceaeJ. .1 

SUMPU PUCUOT. • 

Coptositpelta OHJithii Hook* fit {Ruhittceaey . , t 

SUMPU TILIN6A BADAK, ; 

Ci'f/pteivnin Orifithii ijlMke, {Lythraceat). A fairlj large f 

tree. !^ 

SUMPUH SEMUT. :i 

Chastdia curviflora var lUigtidifolia (Rubiaceae). L 

SUMPUH ULAT, (Akar) r 

HmBloicia Lobbiana A. Do 0. {Santaiaceae). . I 

SUMULUT. <Akar) \ 

Lettsatnia Maiuyagi Clarke. {ConvolcHtaceae), 

SUMDNLAT. (Akar) 
!i LttUomia Maingagii C. B. Clarke. {Conrolvulaceae). 

if SUNAI LAUT. See Sebenau Laut. 
h Wedttia bifiora De C. {Compositae). 

1 SUNARONG BETINA, 

CorckoTHs capsHlari$ L. {Tilinceae). A herb with yellow 
flowers. '^ 

SUXDAL MALAM. 

Polianthts tubBi-om L. (Amar^Uidtae). The tuberoee. 



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SUNDIK. OETAH SUNDIK. 

PwjetM Letni Oliv. (Sapotaceae). A tree producing a good 
Outta percha. 

SgPAH. (Akar) 

Hoya caudata Uook. fil. {Apocynactae). 

SUNGOL UDTAN. SANGAL HUTAN. 

CapianuM ru/uM A. VV. Benn. ( Burseraceae) (Maingay's list). 

SUNGOL LUT0N6. Also SANGGOL LUTONG. 

Nephe'iutn eriopetalum Miq. (Sapitulaceaey A wild Ilambu- 
tan with pendent spkes of flowers and fruits. 

SUNG-SUNO HARUS. (Akar) 

Combretum trifoliaium Vent. ( Conibretaceae). The fruits are 
sold in the shops as an anthelmintic. 

SUNKIT. 

Myriatica eliiptka Wall (Myristicaceae), A large wild 
nutmeg. 

SUNKO RIMAU. 

Parinarium Griffithianum Hook. fil. (Rosaceae). 

SUNTANOPUTItt 

Cedrela fshrifuga Bl. (Afefiaceae). 

SUNTO BUKIT. 

IluiUttia dumosa King. ( Urttcaceae). 

SUPATL 

Ixora nigric€m8 Br. {Hubiaceae). A white-flowered Ixora.*' 

SUPIDAN6. (Rumput) 

Mapania hancana Miq. ( Cyperaceae). A sedge , 

SUPUCHA. 

Phyliochlamys spinosa Bureau. {Urticaceae). A compact 
thomj shrub. 

SUPUDEa AlsoSUPIDEH. See under Aba. 
Ficus urophylla Wall. (Urticaeeae). 

SUPIDEH JANTAN- 

Ficu3 alba W$]L {UrtkacMt)* 

.*\ • "' Digitized by V:iOOQIC 



MALAY PLANT NAMB& . 259 . 

SDPUJlT BUKIT. 

Cyrtandromoea megaphylla Hemsl. (Cyriandractaey A large 
herb with white flowers and a red caljx. 

SURAL (Rumpot) 

MariscM pennatui (Cyperactae). 

SURAL (Akar) (Sungei Ujong) 

Bragantia corymbosa Griff. (Aristolochiaceae). 

SURANGKINO. 

CleUtanthuB sp. {Euphorbiaceae). 

SURORAS. (Malacca) 

Pifto^fwrum ferrugineuni Ait. {Pittosporeae). 

SURUAS. SUKUAS PAV'A. See SERA WAS- 
Fwjvaea racemosa Jack. ( Loganiaceae). 

SURUMAT. (Akar) 

Canthium sp. {Rubiaceae). 

SURUNDANG. (Akar) 

Anadetidfvn montanum Wall Also Scindapsua Perakensis 
Hook. fil. (Araideae). 

SURUNGKO. 

Pavetta indica L {Rubtaceae), A shrub with white flowers* 

SURUNKOP. 

Ryparia fasctculata King. (Bixineae). A small tree with 
flowers in slender spikes. 

SURUNTING. (Akar) 

Dioscorea laurifolia Wall. (Dioscoreaceae). One of the wild 
jams with spikes of green flowers. 

SURUYIAN. 

Breynia rhanmoidtB Muell. {EuphorbiaceaeJ. A large shrab* 

SURAT BELUKAR. (Rumput) 
Afapania bancana {Cyperaceae). 

SUSAWAT. 

FtVtV einncuiiomea Wall {Ampelideae). 

SUSOR. (Rumpat) 

Spennacoce hispida L. {Rubiaceae). 

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260 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

SUSORDAUN. (Rumput) 

Vemonia cinerea Bl. (Compositae). 

SUSORPAYA. (Akar) (Malacca) 

Lecananthwf ervbescem Jack. (Rnbtaceae), 

SUSU. (Bunga) 

Tabernamontana coi*onaria Br. (Apccynaceae). Lit. milk 
flower a commoD cultivated plant Favre gives SusuNO. 

SUSU RIMAN. 

The Sclerotium or resting stage of a fungua Lentinus sp. 
.{Tuber regium) of Rymplt. (Herb. Aniboin VI.) Used in na- 
tive medicine. 

SUSU PUTRI. (Akar) 
Jtmsp. {Uiiicaceae/, 

SUSUDU BUKIT. (Akar) 

Hoifa diversifolia BL {Asclejnwleae), A climbing plant with 
pink flowers, one of the wax planta. 

SUSUDU HUTAN. 

Syiiademum sp. (Euphorbiaceae). A milky succulent herb 
growing on rocks at Penang. 

SUSUN KELAPA. 

Tahet*naeMont<ma malacceimf Oliv. {Apovynaceat). 

SUTAPO. 

Aporow P9*aineaHa King. (Euphorbiaceae). A large shrub. 

SUTAPO BUKIT. 

Antidesma vehitinosum Muell. (Euphorbiaceae). 

SUTNIBUT. 

liedyoth capiteUata Wall. (Rubiaeeae). 

!»?i sutubalT 

^ far lea nobiiis C. B. . A. (Corfiaceae) Also Fagrea racemoea 
{Loganiactae}, (Compare Setbbal. 

TABAH. (Sungei Ujong) 

Timonhis JamboHlla Thw. (Rubiactae). A small tree. 

TABAN. TABANMERAH. 

JXchopfia gutta Benth. (Sapotneeae), The Outta pereha. 

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MALAY PLAKT NAMEA. 261 

TABOXO^BUNGA. 

Ij-ftra penduta Jack. (Rfthiacfae), A shrub with pink and -1 ., .! 

white flowers. - ! 

TAH. (KetanUn) / - 

Borasffis flabellijonni^ L. (Pahnae). Th<* Palinjra palm. * . r 

Compare LONTAB. : 

TAHI AYAM. ^ | 

TMntana mixta L. ( Verhtnaceae), Also called Tahi A YAM ! 

BUSUK. The name is also applied to Vtnca rofta and 

Ageratum coryzmles \u These are all weeds which sprine 

up near houses and so are supposed to be connected wiin f ' 

chicken's dung which the naoie means. T 

TAlil BABI. I ^ 

Vemonia cinerea Bl. {CompoAttae), Literally Pig's dung. | 1 

A common weed. ^ : * ■ 

TAHIKERBAU. (Rumput) 

Fimbri8titi8 miiiacea Renth. (Cifperaceae). •• Buffaloe dung.** , . |i 

The buffaloes eat the plant and the seeds passed often ' | 

germinate. ■ i 

TAJAM BALAT. I 

Rtfparoia Jasciculata King. (BMneae). 

TAJAM MOLEH, • | 

Uaccaurea hrevipf* MuelL (Euphorbiaceae). A tree with ! 

eatable fruits. j 

TALAN. 

Saraca tnamlra Bak. {Legummome). A half srandent shrub 
or a small tree with red flowers. 
TALAN KUNYIT. (Malacca) 

Samca eaul\flofa Bak. (Leguminosae). A tree with large 
masses of yellow flowers, and long pink poda. 
n TALAN. (Rumput) 
fl AdtnMma capitatum Benth. (Scropftulanneae) 

■' TAMAN. (Rumput) 

Cjfp€%^9 pumilun Vahl. {Cyperaceaf). A small sedge. 

TAMBAK. 

More usually TOUBAK which see. Tobacco. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMRS. 



TAMBAK BUKIT. 

VetJionia cinerea BL (Compositae), 

TAMBANG SISIR. 

Ptmelandra WalHchii A. De C. {Afyrsineae), A small tree. 

TAMBO. 

EtithremU tettcocarpa (Ochnaceae), A little shrub with 
terminal spikes of pink flowers, and red or white berries. 

TAMBON CUUCHUT. 

Aporosa aurea Hook. flL (Eupltorbiaceae). 

TAMPANG. 

Artocarpus Oomeziana Wall. (Urticaceae). Also called 
Tampano Tdlong and Tampang Nasi and Tampang 
BUBONG. A large tree with soft eatable fruits green 
outside and pink within. 

TAMPANG BURONG. 

Ficm vasculosa Wall. {Urticaceae). This name is also 
applied to Artocarpus Oomeziana^ Wall, which is the 
true Tampang. 

TAMPANG BULAT. 

Artocarpus Ooinetiofia Wall var OHJUhii (Urticaceae). 

TAMPANG MANIS. TAMPANG AMBONG. 
Artocarpus Lakoocha Roxb. {Urticaceae), 

TAMPAN PUTRI. 

ErantkettiutH malaccense Clarke. (Acanthaceae), A shrub 
with violet flowers. 

TAMPONG BESIH. Also TAMPOH BESIH. 
CaHicarfHi longifoUa Lam. (Ve$'heanceae\ 

TAMPONG BESIH PUTItt 

Caliicarpa cana LanL There are shrubs with violet flowers 
and small black or white fruits. The latter has the backs 
of the leaves white. 

TAMPONG ARI. (Akar) 

Also RUHPUT Ulae Ari. (Olififord and Swettenham). 
Erj/cibe angulata King. (Convoh^aceae). Ari is a poison- 
ous snake. A climbing isbrub. 

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MALAY PLANT NAUBS; 26ar- 

TAMPINAH. J 

n^drocera tnffora W. and A. {Geraniactae). The water- \ i 

balsam. "'} 

TAMPINBS. ; : 

Sfoetia fideroxylon Teysm. ( Ur(tcactae). A well kiiowd tim- * • ^ 

ber. Slight variations or states of the plant are known * I, 

as T. Merah, T. Kehong, T. Putih, T. Uitam. ( 

TAMPO KALIN. I 

Pollta forzogonetms End I. (CoiHtnelimweae). A herb occur- • P 

ring in hill jungles. 

TAMPO KULANO. Also GULANG and GLANO, ; *; 

Leptaspis urceolaia Br. (Gramifieae). A broad leaved grass \^ j 

growing in jungles. Also called Gbtah Puyuh. i ^ 

TAMPO.V TULONG. y\ \ 

Aralidium piniwtifidHm Miq. (Aratiaceae). i' 

TAMPOI. I 

Baccaurea malatfotia Hook. fil. {Euphorbiaceae). A well . j; 

known fruit ^ ' ,- 

TAMPOI PA YA. (Johore) * | 

Gomphia ITooken Hoo\l fil. (OcJinaceae}, A tree with red 
flowers. 

TAMPOI TONGA. TAMFOI TUNGNAU. 

Baccaurea macrophyUa Hook. fil. {Euphorbiacea$), A tree 
with brown fruito. 

TAMPOI DADA. 

Pffrenaria acuminata Planch. {Tenuftroemiaceat). 

TAMPOI PACHAT. 

AporoM AMainga^ Hook. fil. (Euphorhiaceae). ' 

TAMPUNEH. 

Artocarptts rigida Bl. (Urticaceae). The Monkey-jack; A 
big tree with an excellent fruits 

TANAK RIMAU. (Akar> 

Sphenodesma pentandra JtLcV. (Verbenaceae). 
TANDOK-TANDOK. (Akar) 

Strophanthns dichotomut De C. C^poc^naecae). Lit " Horns'* 



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*: ■' 4' ' 264 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

•' A^v«* ^11 accouut of the boni-Hhaped fruits, A climber with 

: '• : ;'. curiously shaped tailed flowers purple and white. The 

f. The name is also applied to some other kinds of Apocy- 

uaceous climbers with similar fruits. 

TANJONO. (Bunga) 

MimuaopB Eltngi L. fSiijwtaceiie), A commonly planted 
tree. 

TANTAN. rBunga) 

AtHomum xanthophlebium Baker. (Ziugibei'oceae). A wild 
ginger the flowers of which are used iu curries. 

TAFAK BURONG. 

AnetletMa nndifiorum L. (Commelhiaceae). Also Mollugo 
gtiicta L. (Ficoidme). Lit. " Bird's feet" Little strag- 
gling weeds common in waste ground. ^ 

TAFAK BTIB. 

Fiascopa scamUns (Comtuelinceae), Lit. '* Duck's feef A 
herb with pink flowers growing in wet places. 

TiVPAK KERBAU. 

Cierodendt^on villoisain Bl. ( Verbeniiceae). " Buffalo's feet" 
•j. A common shrub whith white flowers. 

TAPAKKUDA. 

Ipotnea pes-capnu: Roth. (Convolvulaceae) Lit '* llorse 
feet" from the shape of the leaves The Goat's foot con- 
volvulus, a pink convolvulus common on sea coasts. 

TAPAK RIMAU 

Trevesia eundaica Mi<j. {Ai^iaoeae). *' Tiger's feet " A shrub ; 
curious palmate leaves suggestiug the paw marks of a 
tiger 

TAPAK RUSA. (Akar^ 

Lettsomia peyuensis Clarke. (Convolvulaceae). lit Deer's feet 

TAPIS. (Johore) 

Meauafeirea L. {QHittferae). The Ceylon Iron wood. 

TARASAY MANIS. 

GlocMdion visulare Muell. (Eupliof-biaveae). A sea shore 
shrobi 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 268 > 

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TARING PKLANDOK, , ! 

/)i<w/>yriw AtVujrfrt var /wciV/rt Wall. (Ebemweae), (M«Dgay*8 *- -v 

list). . 

TAROK MANIS. ;• ' 

More commouly Cjiekop Manis. SiwropM albicans B1. • [ 

(Euphorbiaceae). i 

TARUM. S 

lnA\go, Indiffofora (iuctona L {LeyutHViosae). . . j- 

TARUM. (Akai) [i 

Marnlenia tinvtovia Br. (AifcUpiadene). A climber 8ome* ^ ^; 

times but seldom cultivated for indigo. C '\ 

TARUMBa (Pahang) ]. J 

yfarsdenia sp. I ■ ^i 

TASAl. (Malacca) j 

Cupania LeMertiana Camb. (Sapvuhweae). A tree. j; 

TASEH-TASEK. - ' i 

Adenosma capttatum Bentb. (Scrophutarineae). * [ 

TAWAK, |; 

Siderovtflon fernigineum Hook. (5ai>o/aceae). A small tree I' 

witb coppery leaves common on the sea coast 

TAWAGA. (Penang^ 

Forrestia mollis Hassk. (CommtHnncettt). See SetAWA. 

TAWA-TAWA ANTAR See Seta WA. 

Castas spedosa L. (ScifoHnneae) A tall plant with large 
white flowers and red calyces. The name Tawa*Tawa is 
most commonly modified into Setawa and is applied to 
this plant and various species of Fon^estia (Commelynaceae) 
The creeping stems of both being used in medicine. 

TKBRAU. 

A name applied to several of the larger grasses chiefly &• 
charnm arnmlinaceum L. S, Ridletfi Hook. (Pahang) and 
Tliysanolaena acarifera Nee* 

TK. 

Thea chintHsis (TernHrotmiuceae), The tea plant (^ r^r^^Ar 

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MALAT PLANT NAMES. 



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T£ (Poko) 

Panax frHticosutH L. (Araliaceae). A oommonlj cultivated 
ornamental shrub* 

TB MACAO. (Malacca) 

Scoparia dulcis {Scrophuiarineae). An introduced weed 
with small white flowers. Leaves used to make a medi- 
cinal tea. 

TEBAN. 

Variaut of Taban. Dichopsis gaWi Benth. (Sapotaceat). 

TEBING AGA. 

LtonuruB stbirtHs L. (Labiatae), A pink flowered weed 
sometimes cultivated by the Chinese. 

t£bu. 

Sugar-cane. Saccharum oficinai*»m L. {Graifnneae)* 

TEBUANG B'LANO. 

Myristica sp. near polyiphoerula llook. fli. One of the wild 
nutmegs. 

TBJEH. 

CiniM^nomum mollissmum Hook. fil. (lAiurineae), Favre 
gives Tsja. A wild cinnamon with downy leaves. 

TELINAH KBRBAU BUKIT. 

VanUia Oriffithu Kchb fiL (OrMtleae). A climbing orchid. 

TELINGA T1KU8. (Akarj 

Destnodium heterophi/UuM De C. (LeyumnoMe), Lit. ipouse- 
ear ; a little creeping plant probably so oUled from the 
shap^ of its leaves. 

TELINGIN KBA. (Kedah) 

IhMlwoia L0bhiatM A. Ue C. (SoHtaiaeeae). ** Ape ears.*" 

TELOR BELANOKAS. 

Siila carpinifolia L. (Malvaceae)^ ** King-crab*s eggs.** Also 
Maua ra9nentacea A De 0. (AfyniHeae) from the resembl- 
ance of the small round fruits to tiie eggs. 

TELOR BUJAK. (Akar) 

Ageloea veiiita Hook. fiL iConjuxraceae). C^qqqIq 



MALAY PLANT NAMSa 267 

TErX)RlKAN. (Rumput) ; | 

Pankum radiccaut h. (Oramineae). A gnas with a very fine i,- , 

panicle of small black spikeleta. Literally "Fish-eg^gr -. ' I 

grass.- - i .. 

TELUTA JANTAN. •! r 

I{ej}tapleui^m renulosum Seem, {AvaJiaceaeJ, i 

TEMAH. (Lankawi) - | 

A species of Shorea (DipUrocarpeae) I have seen no flowers. 

TEMAH BATU. '. f 

Pentacme ^fatatf(tna King. {Dipterocarpeae), A straggling 
tree on lime-stone rocks. .. . ;< 

TEMAGNU. (Singapore) j | 

Qlovhidion superbum Mnell. ( Ruphorlnaceae), A small tree j. r 

common in open country. ^ • \ 

TEMBAOA. (Rumput) ^ ,\ 

Ischaetnum muticum Vabl. (GramineaeJ. One of the com* 
monest grasses. f : 

TEMBAGA SDA8A. (Bonga) ■ 

Crinum asiaticum L. CA maryllideae). " The Pinch-beck onion." ! 

A common sea-shore plant, with white flowers. The 
coppery sheaths of the oulb are alluded to in the native 
name. 

TEMBATU. 

ParinanutH nitidum Hook. fll. {RoMceae). See also MerBA- 
TU. A big tree with a good timber. Also applied to 
ScoHechtnia Kingii Hook. fll. (EuphorNaceae), 

TEMBUSU. Also TEMU8U. 

Fagraea fragrans Roxb. {Leguminoaaey A very comnxm 
large tree giving a first class timber. 

TEMBUSU JANTAN. 

Pol^oMma mutaUU BI. (Saxifragaetoi^ A tree with good 
timber whence the oonfasion with Fagraea fragrwu Roxb.^ 
the real TEMBUSU. ^ 

TEMBUSU PA YA. 



Ahtonia macrophylla Wall. (ApoeynacHUl 

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t;;-l>^^ TEMIN. (Prov. Wellesley) 

,(;••*: )j Balanasfrehiys i/ici/oliy^ Kuiz. {Urticacene), A thorny 

*. \ ^^f shrub. 

:: T{C TEMOHONO. 

* ?v!y BttcAonania act/ wjtwa/a Turcz. {AnacanUaceae). A tree with 

white flowers. 

TEMPAH RAGAT. (Pahang). TEMPU RANAK. ^Malacca) 
^r Rubns molnvcanus L. (Romceae). The wild raspberry. 

O! TEMU. 

A name given to many wild gingers. {Scitamineae), 

TEMU KDNCHI. 
• ^l , ; 4;^ Koempftria paiuUirata Rose. .\ small cultivated ginger. 

f; ;, ie TEMU KUNYIT. 

; '•• 'f'j .^ Turmeria Cutvttma longa L, 

TEMU LA WAS. 

Curcuma zedoana Rose. The Ze<loary. A white turmeric 
used in curries. 

TEMURUS. 

Ardista oxifphtflln Wall. (Afifrsmeae). A shrub with pink 
flowem. 

TENGAH. 

^ f- '• ' Cenops caiidoUeana Am. (Hhitophoreae). A mangrove of 

*' which the bark if extensively used for tanning and 

dyeing. 

;.i TENGAH HUTAN. 

TeinnBtroeima ptnangiana Chois. (TernstraeiHiaceae), A tree 
with deep green leaves, white flowers, and very conspicu- 
I j '^ \ ous plum-shaped red fruits which split and let the seeds 

- *^ ^* which are scarlet hang out. 

TEN06EH BURONO. Also STENOAH BURONO. 

Evodia Roxburghiana Benth. E, latifolia De 0. and other 
• species.. Shrubs or trees with corymbs of white flowers. 

TENGKAWANG. (Minyak) 

The fat of Dwlocnemia ^hi/era Pierre. It is imported into 
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TEXGKOK BIAWAK. 

Fagraea racemoaa Jack. (TA>ganiac€4ff). Also Alhmorpbia -. .J; 

exigua Bl. (MeloBtomaceat). Lit Lizard*B neck. t 

TENGKOK BIAWAK HITAM. (Akar) ; |^ 

FicHti aurantiaca Oriff. ( Urticaceae). A climbing fig with . f 

large orange figa fjiterally, the black lizard's neck. I' 

TENOL. .[ 

MyHffttca tawina Hook. fil. (Sftirhticaceae), A small tree. . . I 

TENTAWAN. (Akar) ' . f 

ConocephaluM nuareoleuM Bl. ( (Trticar^at). One of the wifter r ^\ 

prodocing vines, with large leaves and balls of pinkish 
flowers. 

TENTULANG MERAH. 

Oarcinia eugeniaefolia Wall. ( Onftifn^ae). Contraction for 
TULANG-TUl ANO ? 

TENTARONG. (Akar) 

fMtwmta Mmngatfi C. B. Clarke. {Conrolrnfaceae). 

TEPU& 

Wild gingers, chiefly of the genus Stenachnitma etc. {Sdta* 
mineae). 

TEPUS DAN^ 

Stenochasma urceolare GrifiP. A large plant witJi the red 
flowers borne in heads, on the under ground portion of 
the stem just appearing above ground. 

TEPUS KIJOI. 

Alpinm Raffltsimm Wall. A pretty ginger with a terminal 
spike of orange and red flowers. 

TEPUS MERAH. 

Amomnm ontUatHm Roxb. 

TERAP. 

Ar(ocarpu$ Kuastferi Hook. fil. ( Uittcaceae). A tree pro- 
ducing a kind of rubber used for catching birds and a 
bark cloth used by the Sakais. 
TERATEL 

NMlumbiwn Mpecionnm Willd. ( Nttiaphiwiat). Hie Lotos 



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270 MALAY PLAKt !^AMKS. 

TERATEI KECHIL. 

The common Water lily. N^n^phaea i*teUa(n WaII. 



.^^ Campnottptrmaaiirmilata'RooV. €\\. (AnacariUaceae). A big 

': ^v^i! tree with large leaves and small green flowers. The 

* ^ ^ .r 'pj wood though soft is good as it is of a beautiful silvery 



white. 

TERENTANO BDKIT. 

AihphifliuJt cobbe L, fSapindactae), A common shrub. 

TERMAL. 



V i: Mifristtea colletiana VLook. fi\, (M^risticaceae). 



TERONO. 

A name given to various species of Solanum (Sohnaceae). 

; : i? TERONO A8AM nUTAN. TEKONG BLANDA. TEROXG 

•:'j PURAT. 

~ t,; ':-A J^olanum acuUatissitnum Jacq. A small species verjr thorny 

I ' r ; , } , with globose orange fmits. 

; / . .! . TERONO KUMAN. (Unkawi) 

1 '\ :..j. Cifclea amoifi Miers. {MentsperMoceaej. A climbing plant. 

TERONO MERANTI. (Kedah) TERONO PA RACHICO IT. 
SoianuM nigrum L. A common weedy plant growing all 
- i . over the world. It is eaten as a spinach. 

I ; ; j; TERONO PIPIT. 

* ^\ ; I Sotanum forvum Swariz also S, verbascifoliwn L Oommon 

\\ '; i > shrubs in waste grounds. 

I . i- TERONO RAYA. Also T. BULAH and TERONO PIPIT, 

j I ? ] TERONO RIMBANO. 

J 'I .\ ^ Solamum rerha^cifolinm L. A shrub with white dowefH. 

I V V 1 TERONO TIKDSw 

U\i 'I.;! S. Mtrinentowm Nees. (Sofanaceae). 

TERONO-TERONO. (Akar> 

LetUomia Mmngajfi C. B. Clarke {Canv^lvulaeeaf). 

TERDNTUM. 

Aigicira$ mqfus Oaertn. (sityrttneai). A SeandioM shmbi 



•I 



MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



271 



TERUTAP BATU. 

Torenia polygotioidsH Ueuth. {Sa'ophttlanneai\ A small 
creeper common in gi'ass, flowers brown and white. 

TERUTUS. (Rumput) 

Itfchoemum mutwtm (^Grnwineas). 

TIGA CHABANG. (Akar) 

Trichosanth&f ^l^awraei Cogn. (CucHrbitaceae). A wild 
pumpkin with trifoliate leaves. 

TIGA SARI. (Rumput) 

Cyptrus compressus L. (Cyp^ractfte), A common s^ge. lilt 
three-angled grass. 

TIMAH BANGAN. 

OloMdion supet'hiiM MuelL (Euphovbiaceae). 

TIMAU-TIMAH. Oontrated to TlTlMAH. 

I/ex cymosa (Ificineae). A small tree with a verj white 
. stem flowers very small greenish white. 

TIMAH-TIMAH BULAN. T. OADING. 
Ilex macrophylla Wall (Iticinenei. 

TIMAH KETAM. (Akar) 

Streptocauion Wallickii W. jand A. (AscUpiadeas)* A very 
milky climber. 

TIMBAH TASBK. Also TASBK-TASBK. 

Adeno9macoentleum Benth. {Scrophor/artJUiae). 

TIMBANG DAYONG. (Sungei Ujong) 

Anthocephalus Cadatnba Miq. {Rttbiaaae), 

TIMUN. Also MBNTIMUJf, KUTIMUS, and TIMUN- 
TIMUN. 
Any small pumpkins (Cucurbitaceae) and passion-flowers 

TIMUN CUINA. 

The cucumber. Cucumif sativus. L. 



TIMUN DENDANG. 
PoBsiflora foetida 
{Passi/hreae). 



Fi. Alsa Modecca Sinffoporeaua 



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MALAT FLANT NAMES. 



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TIMUN DKNDANG LUNJUNG. 

TnchoscuHhtt ceUbtca Cogtu (Cucurbitaceae). A wild pump- 
kin with white flowers and scarlet fruits. 

TIMUN GAJAH. 

Ttickosanthes WalHchianum Cogo. {Cucurbitaaae). 

TIMUN GAJAH MERAH. 

Modecca singaporeana Mast. (Pamjl€rea$). 

TIMUN HUTAN. 

Pasnfiora fpuulrangiilfii'is L. (Ptissifioreae), The grenadilla. 

TIMUN PADANG. 

Passiflora foeliila L. {Piisjnfforeae). A passion flower with 
small white flowers and red fruit enclosed in a viscid ca- 
lyx, common in waste ground but not indigenous. 

TIMUN PATA. 

Modecca singaporeana Mast. (Pamftoreat), 

TIMUN TIKUa 

J/mXiVi Vj^ {Cucurbitacete). A small wild pumpkin with fruits 
no bigger than peas. 

TINGAL BALAI. 

Araiidinm pinmUifidum Miq. {Araliaceae). 

TINGAO. 

Leptoagcliia ylabia Turcz. (Stetvnliace^e). ^ A shrub with 
small green flowers. 

TINGAB BELUKAR 

Eiaeocai'jmf paniculatus WalL (Tiliaceaey 

TIRAK. 

Kur^a acHmtHota De G. {Tevmstroemiaceae). A small tree. 

TITIMAIL 

Gontractiou for TlMAH-TlMAU. Hex cgmosa Bl. (Iliciueae). 

TITIMAU BETINA. (Malacca) 

Micromelum pubescene Bl. (Eutmceae), 

TIUP-TIUP. 

. . Adinandt'a dumoM Jack. {Tertu/iroetmaceac). A small tree 
common in iiecondary jungle ; flowers white. 






MALAY PLANT NAME& 273 

TIYDNG. 

Cycas Rumnhii (Cycadeoi) according to Favre* It is more 
• commonly known here as Paku Laut. 

TOl. 

Leea sp. {Ampelidmi). 

TOIOBL (Singapore) ii 

Qoniocarynm longiracemosutH King. (OiaeinetuJ. A large ,' [ 

shrulx ; 

TOKONOBULU. : 
Hedijotis vatita Br. {Rithinceae). A weed with small lilac 
flowers. 

TOL. ^ , 

Coscvita/H fenestratuM Golebr. ( Menispermaceae)* On the T > 

authority of Prof. Vaughan-Stephena Probably a Sakai '^ v .^ 

word. A large climber used in native medicine. t • i| 

TOMBAK-TOMBAK. TOMBAK BUKIT. J 

Vernonia cinerea Bh ( Compositae). The name is also applied ': 

to several other composites found in waste ground. See ; ' ^ 

Tambak. ji 

TOMBAK-TOMBAK JANTAN. j 

Ageratum conyzoidu L. {Compositae). \ 

TONGKATALI. (Poko) . i 

Greioia umhellata Rox\x {Tiiiaceae), j 

TONOKAT ALL (Rumput) 

Panicuni sarmentoaum Roxb. (Gramineaey A large grass 
common in woods. 
TONGKAT BAGINDA. (Penang) 

Eurycoma longi/oiia Jack. (Simaruceae), See BiDARA 
Pahit. 
TONGKAT SKTAU. 

Clinogyne grandia Benth. (Soitatnineae). 

TONGKING. (Bnnga) 

Pergularia minor Andr. (Asclepiadeae). The well-known 
lV>ngkin Creeper. 
TONOMOGU. n \ ' 

Cieistanfhus hirsufulue Book, ^l (Euphorbiaceae). Digitized by V^OOglC ', 






t". - t '.-. 



'\ ; 274 MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

• V^U TRALING. 

'x Tarrietia simplicifolia Mast. {Stercttiiitceae). A gigautic 

;!; tree. (Maingay's list). Traliug is a very good timber 

, - - ;- f^ much in request 

: ;_X| TRANGNOK. 

'/•Yy Pittosporum ferrugiiuum Alt. (Fittosj)oreae). 

]\[ 'v; TUAK-TUAK. Also TAVVAK. 

• ;: Sideroxylon ferrugineum Hook. (Sapoiaceae). 

(^X\ TUBA. 

^' :i| Den'is elliptica Benth. {Leguminosae). A climber with pink 

^ , vl . flowers. The roots used a fish poison. 

: '; ; • tuba-tuba. (Akar) 

f / *^ ; DerrU maingnufana Uook. fil. (Ltgwmnoeat). 

• : U TUBANG. 

[ ' ; Chamlia curvifiora Thvr. (Rubiaceae). 

;V TUBO. 

Adinandra sp. (TerHstroemiaceae). 

TUBOBUAH. 

Cryptocarya Grijfiilnana Wight. {Laurineae). 

, . J TUBO KELOL 

' , . I Pallia aorzogoiwms EndL {CommtHnactaey 

: :rj TUDONG RUMAN. 

Cltrodendron dupwifolium Wall. ( Verhtnaceae). 

A TUGOR PONTIANAK. (Akar) 

Chailletia dejlexyblia Turcs. (jChaillttiaceae). 
TUL (Buah) 

Ixonanthes ifXMandra Jack. (Lineae). 

TUI KARAS. 

Aqutlaria Molacceum Lam. (Thumeleaceae). See also Ga- 
HABU. This name is applied to the young plants of 
(Jaham. 
;? TUKAS. (Akar) 

;• Ventilago leiocarpa Benth. (RIiofHueae). 

I; TUKI. (Rumpat) 

Kyllinga womctphala VahL {Cjfptraceae). 









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MALAY PLANT NAMR8. 276 



TOKOTAKAL. (Akar) • 

Cretan candafuM OeiseL {Euphorhiaeeae). A bush or climber -.' . j 

with yellowish globular fruits. / 

TUKO TAKAL. (Poko) p 

Baccaurea vraUieJiii Hook. (IL (Evphorhinceae), A tree. . r 

TUKUU I 

Artocarpu8 n. sp. ( Urticaceae). An undescribed species of 
AriocarpuM with pinnate leaves common in Singapore. I 

TDKUS. '-'[• 

Cartfofa mitts rx>ur. (PahHtat). A common palm. 

TUKUS TIKUS. : j^ 

PeltoMnthes aibida Hook. fiK (Ophiopogoneae}. A herb with |'^ 

broad leaves and white flowers found in wooda }! 

TULANG BETINA. . ji 

Petunga sp. (i?ti^tace(ie). A small tree. - | 

TULANG BUKIT. , I 

DerrU thtfrsiflot^ Benth. {LeguminoMe). A scandent shrub |j 

with white flowers. j. 

TULANG DAENG. j 

Miilettia abupurpurea Benth. {Leguminosae). A Ug tree .; 

with deep puq;)le flowers. • : 

TULANG HUTAN. 

Moesa ramentacta Vahl. (Mifrsintat). A scandent shrub. 

TULANG PADANG. fAkar) 

Connarms gibbous Vvall. and C. grandis Jack. (Connaraeeae) 
Climbing shrubs. 

TULANG^TULANG. 

Oarcinia nigrolineaia Planch. {Outtiferae). Common) j 

known as Kandis. 
Also Phifchotna tnaiaifana Jack. (Bubiaeeae). Tulang-Tulang, 

literally Bones, seems to refer to the wood of the plants 

which is white and bony. I do not however see why it . 

is a^^lied^to^the^second.of^these, which is a small shrub. 

TULO BBLALANG. (Rumput) * 

Sporaboiusdiander L. (OramineaeJ, A common roadside grass. 



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TDLO BELANGKAS. 

Oldenlandia cor^mhoBa Heyne. (Rubiaceae). A common little 

WBGCL 

TULOH BIJO. 

FtcuB globcsa BL (Urticaceae). A shrub with green figs. 

TULO BUJAK. (Akar) 

Agetaea vesUta Hook. fil. {Conncuraceae). A scandent shrub. 

TULO PUTIH. 

Callicarpa lanata Benth. ( Vtrhtncictfuy 

TULO SINTADOK. (Rumput) 

Paspalum scrobicHlatum L. {Orattiineae). A very common 
grass. SiNTADOK is a caterpillar. The name refers to the 
spikes^ which resemble them 

TUMBAH UTAN. 

Hetaeria obliqua Bl. (Orchideiie). A little ground orchid. 

TUMBBTKAYU. 

Allophgllui cobbe BL (Sapindaceae), A common shrub. 

TUMBO DAUN. 

Bryophyllum calgcinum Salisb. {Arassuiaceae). 

TUMBO DAUN BUKIT. 

ikea tambucina Willd. (AmptHdeae). 

TUMIANO. (Akar) 

LetUonna p€guensi$ C. B. Clarke. {Conrohu!aeeae). 

TUBIILANO. 

Aglaia odoratimma {Meliacea€\ 

TUMMU. 

Didgmocarpus crinUus Jack. (Agfiandraceae). 

TUMMU KECHIL. 

D. rtptam Jack. Jack is the authority for these two. I 
never heard the name. 

TUMPANG. 

Craton Orifithii Hook. fil. {Eupkorbiaeeaey * 

TUMU. 

Bruguiera ggmncrhiza Lam. One of the mangrove trees, 

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MALAY PLANT NAMR& 277 



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the wood used for firing, the bark for tAniUQii^* :, |] 

fUMURUANO. [ 

Maba cordata Hiem. (Ebenactae). ' '* ji 

T0MURU8. I. 

Ardisia oxyphtflla Wall. (Mtfrsineae). 

TDPAL (Poko) 

Pofyosma mutahili* Rl. {Sarifragaceae). fit. Squirrel trea 

TUPOI. (Penang) 

Zingiber apectahiie Oriff. {Sdtamineae). ' F< 

TORI. * P 

Agati grandiflora Desv. (Legumnaaae). An ornamental tree j 

with large white or pink flowera ... f 

TORI. rRumpnt) 

Clitoria cajamfolia Benth. {Leguminoioe). 

TURUBOL. Jl 

Ixora grandi/olia Zoll and Mor. {Rubitictae).,. 

TURUKOP BUMI. -J 

Cassia nodosa Ham. (Legvminosae). j! 

TDTOK. 

Hibiscus maa^ophglius Roxlx (Malvaceae), A tn^ of which 
the bark is used for fibre. 

TUTOea (Akar) ' 

Onetumjunicniare Bl. (Chetaceae), 

TUTDMBA MERAH. 

Emilia sonchifolia De C. {Compositae). The pink groundsel 

A common weed. 
TUTUMBA is perhaps a contraction for TOMBAK-TOMBAK. 

TDTUP BUML 

Elephantopus scaber \u (Compositae). Lit. Cover the ground 
a pink flowered weed common in grass plota 
TUTUP BUMI PAYA. 

BlainviUea latifoiia De C. (Compositae). A small white 
flowered weed. 
TUTUP BUMI RIMBAH. - 

AHomorphia Griffithii Hook. fil. {Meiwtfomaceae). A herb m 

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woods with large round leaves red beneath, and white 
flowers. 
UBAH. 

Various spedes of Olochidion (Euphorhiaceae). Some of 
which supply a first class timber. 

UBAH HITAM. 

Gl. destnocarpum Hook. fil. 

UBAH KECHIL. 

Qlochtdion leiostiflum Hook. fil. 

UBAH MERAa 

Qlochtdion brunneum Hook. fil. Also called Ubah PATA. 

UBAH PA YA. 

Olochidion microbotrifs Hook. fil. also O. bn$nneunu 

UBAI-UBAI. 

PoutoUia pentandra Berm. (Urticaceae). A common weed. 
UBAK. 

Oalearia phlebocarpa Br. {Euphorbiaceae). 

UBANKAYU. (Akar) 

Cardiospermum Halicacabum L. (SapindaceaeJ, The balloon- 
vine. A slender climber. 
UBAT. 

Drujf or medicine. 
UBAT CHACHING. 

Iled^chium longicormUum Hook. fiL (Scitamineae). Lit " An- 
thelmintic.** One of the verj few Epphytic Gingers, the 
roots used in medicine for worma 
UBAT HALAN. 

Psychotria Jackiana {HuhiaceaeJ. A shrub the roots of which 
are used in cases of snake-Ute. 
UBAT RAJA. 

Smilax china L. (Liliaceat). A well-known Chinese drug. 
The tubers are sold in the* markets. It is called Uni 
Rajah in Java* 
UBl. 

Anj yam or tuberous root Most are classified under their 
special namee. • 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES 279 

UBI BENG6ALA. 

The potato {Sofannm tnberotfHtN), See also under Kentang. 

UBBI KAYU. 

Tapioca. Manthat utiltssima (Euphorbiaceae). 

UBI NASL 

Dioscorea alata Roxb. The commonest cultiTated jam* 

UBI PASIR. 

Dioscorea pentaphtfiia L. ( Dioscoreaetat), Abo Ubi Jabbbt 
see under Jabbbt. 

ujol: 

Willughhtia coriacta Wall (Anocynaceae). A lofW jungle 
climber supplies an Indian rubber; see Get AH UJOt. 

ULAN. (Akar) 

Thunbergia atala Roxb. (AcatithaceaeJ. Also Ipomea cymoM 
(Convolviiiaceae) and Aspidopterys co9icava (Maipigkiaceaej 

ULAN BUKIT. 

Ltltsomia peguensis C. B. Clarke. CConvohulaceae). 

UI.AM OAJAH. 

Ipomea peliata lliq, (Convohuitweae). 

ULAN JANTAN. (Akar; 

Ergcibe Pnncei Hook. iil. {Convoivuiaceae). A clin^ber 
with small white flowers. 

ULAN PUTIH. 

Tpomea unifiora Roem. (Concolvuiaceae). A white convol* 
▼ttlui. 

ULAN RAJAH. 

Cosmos caudaius (Oomposiiae), Leaves used as a vegetable. 
A heth common around villages. 

ULAM TIKUS. (Akar) (Malacca) 
JUikania scandens Wahl. {Compositasy 

ULAR. (Akar) 

Fregcinetia angustifoiia (Pandaiutceae). Lit. Snake climber; 
iEt common climber in the junglea. 

ULAR ARL (RumputJ 

Ergcibe angulata King. {Convolvulaceae). 

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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



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ULAS. (Kayu) 

Ilelicteres Isora Ij. (Sterculiaceae). A shrub the fruits of 
which imported from Itidia, are much used by Malays in 
medidne. 
DLOH-ULOH. 

Diphsporasp, {Rubiaceae)* 

UMBAL 

Mapania hfpolytroides Benth. (CifperaceaeJ. A sedge used 
for making mats. 
UMPAONO PUTia 

Petunga venuhsa Roxb, (Rulnaceae). 

DMU. (Akar). (Johore) 

Chnocephatus scortechimi Hook. fiL ( Uriicaceae), " Purple 
climber,** from its violet flower heada 

UNAK. Also spelt ONAK, and DNAR. 

PUctocomia Griffithii (Palmae). A common climbing rattan 
more commonly known as ROTAN Da HAN. 

UNAK. (Akar) 

Ziztfj^us calophflius Wall. (Celastrineae), A climber with 
strong short hooks. 

UNCHONG. (Province Wellesley) 

Hibiscus floccasus Mast {Afalvaceae). A tree ; Hibiscus with 
yellow flowers with a narrow eye. 

UNTINO-UNTING. 

Cicrodendron nutans (Verbenaceae). 

UNTINO-UNTINO BBSAR. 

Sterculia rtibigiw>sa Jack. (Sterculiaceas). Acoordmg to 
Jack* • 

UPAS. 

Antiaris toxicaria {Urticactae), Given by Favre as Malay, 
but rarely if ever used in ttie Peninsula. See Ipoh. 
UPAT. 

Panicum radioans (Oramnsas.) 
WA-WA, 

Dipodium pictum {Orckidtot). Authority of Prof. Vaughan- 
Dtarens. Probably a Sakai word. 

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MALAY PLANT NAMB8. 281 

WAMPANU, (Johore) 

Antidestna snlici/oh'a Hook, fit {EphorbiacMe). A shrub with 
long narrow leaves. 

WANGI. rAltar) 

Andropogon muricatu^ L. {Oratnineut), The Vetiver or Kos- 
kus grass; literally scented root It is a native of India 
and sometimes though rarely cultivated here. 

WANOL (Rumput) 

CypertiB diatans L. (Cyperaceae), A common sedge. 

WARANOAN. 

Variant of Rerangan, which see. 

WARINOIN. 

Ficus benJoiHtna L. ( Urticaceae). Also BarinQIN. A large 
fig tree often cultivated. Probably a Javiinese word. 

WARU. 

Variant of Baru. lUbincus tiliaceus U 

YD. 

Ryparia sp. (BMtteae), 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 

ADDENDA. 



BALAU. 

This proves to be Parinannta obhngifoHmn Hook. HI. 
(Romceae). 
CHICHIT. 

Popowia fXunoAtssima King. (Anonaceae)* A small tree. 
GKRITTA. 

Turpinia pomifera De. C. (Sapimlaceae,) A tree. 
HALITA ENGGANG. (f^ankawi) 

Calanthe rubens JlidL Literally " Qorn-biirs ginger.'* 
A handsome orchid; the pseudobullis used in native 
medicine. 
KATA KRAN. 

Callicarpa arborea Roxb. (Verhtnaceae). A tree with pink 
flowers. 
KELIPONG. 

A variant for Relumpung. 
LOW KAYU. (Unkawi). 

Vanda yigantea LindL {Orchtdeae). Compare Da UN Low. 
LUMBU JAWA. 

Morinda rigida Miq. (Huhiactae). A climber used for bird- 
lime. 
MARALAPIT. 

TUtgera appendiculata Bl. {Combrelweae.) A climber used in 
native medicine for rheumatism. 

MALAS. 

ParastemoH urophtflium A. De. G. (Romceae). A big tree 
with a useful timber. 
PEPARU. 

Cyperus venvstus Br. (Cyperaceae). , A large and handsome 
sedge. 
RAMBEH PADAN6. (Akar) 

Psgchotria sarmentasa. BL (Ruhiaceae). 
ROTAN TUKU& 

Plecticomia GriffUkii Hook. fiL 
SEMANTAH. 

Vitex timplicifoHa. Clarke. ( Verbenaceae). A tree. 



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MALAY PLANT NAMES. 



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CORRIGENDA. 



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40 
46 
93 
96 

ft 

07 
98 
99 

100 

101 

99 

108 

99 
99 ' 

104 
152 
198 
208 
249 



line 25 vylophyUa, 
„ 27 AtuMtndau 
„ 2 Saportea. 
„ 10 cariacea. 
„ 29 Dichopts pinftialiiH 
„ 21 NuiUtia. 

„ 4 feiuM 

12 TlAP-TlAF 
33 Ghaemuhiila 

13 matvaeense 
30 • A canditts ebracttatus 

3 accuella 
21 apiscarpa 

4 Im^xUtcus 
10 iananu^ 
33 Handiena 
24 JlWYT 
15 canium 

7 StnophifUa 

24 5ii/a 

. 29 Ohnnceae 



read xylophylla. 

„ Laportta. 

„ coriacea. 

„ Dickopsis pHstulatuf. 

., MilUttia. 

„ rettua* 

„ TlUP-TIUP 

,, GhaesetHbilla,' 

„ maiaccense, 

„ i4 canthuM ebracUatuf. 

„ acMeila. 

„ apiocarpa, * 

,1 Lupatienf. 

„ Roucheria. 

„ JlWAT. 

„ st$nophifll€u 

,, Olacineae* 



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An account of 

THE CULTIVATION OF RICE 

IN MALACCA. 

The followiu^ account of the method of rice cultivation 
in the territory of Malacca was written in 1893, by Indie Mu* 
hammad Ja'far, Malay Writer in the Resident Gouncillor^i 
Office, at the request of Mr. E. M. Merewether, who has contri- 
buted it to this Journal 

For the translation the sole rcsponsiUlity rests with me, 
but I am indebted for the interpretation of certain words and 
phrases to the kind assistance of Mr. II. T. Haughton and the 
author. 

The Notes (except such as are enclosed iu square brackets) 
are part of the original, but to tlieir English renderings the same 
remarks apply. 

C. 0. BLAGDEN. 



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Derihal Pkerja'an bersawah 
di Malaka. 

Bahwa telah di-adatkaii didalam negri Malaka pada tiap-tiap 
tahun sakali bertanam padi, maka kerap-kerap kali jatoh musim- 
Dya itu di antara bulan Zilkaidah dengan Zilhijah ; tetapi apabila 
handak memulai pekerja'an menanarn padi itu jikalaa buleb 
di-sukai uleh orang bersama'an dengau katika musim angin barat 
bertiup, karana terkadang-kadang katika itu kerap kali hujan 
turuD, jadilah lembut tanah sawah itu dan senanglah di-bajak, 
lagi-puQ samemang-nya 'adat bertanam padi itu salalu mahu ber- 
ayer di-dalam sawah itu, sepaya baik tumboh-nya padi itu ; 
tetapi jikalau terlampau dalam ayer-nya Itu neschaya matilah 
padi Itu. Maka kerap kali di-perhatikau orang akan musim barat 
itu bersatujuan waktu-nya itu dengan bulan yang ka'ampat deri- 
pada bilangan bulan China, dan terkadang-kadang berbetulan juga 
dengan bulan Zilkaidah atau Zilhijah. 

2. Ada pun peraturan pekerja'an bersawah pada zaman 
orang tua-tua itu adalah saperti tersebut di-bawah ini : — 

a. Maliulah bermuafakat orang tua-tua dengan Pawang. 

b. Mahulah di-tetapkan waktu-nya 

c. Mahulah di-mauludkan^ ibu beneh itu serta membakar 
kenienyan yang di-beri uleh pawang. 

d. Mahulah di-lengkapkan segala 'alat' pekerja'an bersawah 
itu saperti tersebut di-bawan ini. 

(1) Kerbau vang kuat (akan penarek bajak). 

(2) Bajak dengan perkakas-nya (akan pembalekkan 
tanah dan rumput yang pendek). 

(3) Sikat dengan perkakas-nya (akan meratakan dan 

1 J/cm/tM/— Suatn kltab cherita derihal Nabi Mnliaminad di-peninak- 
kau di-bacha dengan ber-lagu-lagu nvanyi ramai-raiuai di mesjid. 

An aucount m tbo birth of tho rro^iet Muhammad which is intoned 
by a number of people in the Moeqae. 

% ^/af-^Materialt, appliance*. 



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DERIHAL PKERJA'AN BERSAWAIl DI MALAKA 287 

menghaluskan kahanchuran tanah). 
(4^ Oiling* dengan perkakas-nya (akan merebahkan ram- 

i>at jang panjanf jikalau ada menderung di*8awah jang 
ama-lama tinggal). 

(5) Parang (akan raembaiki apa-apa perkakas jang rosak 
katika membajak). 

(G) Changkul (akan membaiki Ivitas-batas ataa tanah 
tinggi akan di ratakan). 

(7) Tajak^ (akan niemutuskan akar-akar rumput yang 
panjang). 

(8) Peniechut'^ (akan penhalaukan kerbau jane inalasV 
S, — Apabila sampailah musim-nya yan^ patut di-mulakan 

pekerja'an tiirun ka sawah ita dan telah safakat Fawang deng^ 
orang tua-tua-nya, maka pada suatu hari Jema'at lapas deriptda 
sem^hyang di-dalam me:^jid, maka Penghulu pun berserolah 
kapada sakalian oran^-orang yang hathir di-sita mengatakan 
pada hari anu, sakian nan bulan mahulah tiap-Uap orang yang 
ada bersawah itu membawakan satengah chupak padi (iba beneh) 
kadalam mesjid, sepaya di-bachakan maulud (katika itu di-per- 
bualkan, makanan, ketupat*, lepat', bag! orang-orang' yang 
membacha maulud itu). 

8 Giiin^ — A roller. 

4 TVrjfilr— Machain pamng tetapi bengkok hujong-nya dan hiiln-nya 
«1i-beri bcTtangkai panjfing Icbeli kaning Mitcngah clepa. 

A kind oiwoou ctitter*^ knife, but ciirrctl At the end and furnished with 
« luindle about a yard long. 

5 Ptmeehut-^A whip. 

6 KetujMt — Di-rajut (iinyiiin->to braid) dua hcUi pnchok kalapa daa 
di-perbuatkan Ampat penmru, dHieri berlubang kosong, (U-idkan benw 
separoh kadalam-nya kcindian di-robua liingga nuinak pcnohlah ia. 

Two strips of cocoiinut leaf arc braided into a sqaare bag, holtow inside, 
which is half filled with rice and then boiled ao that when cooked the liea 
fills the bag. 

7 i^^f— Tepong yang di-gaul dengan gula dan santan kalapa dan 
di-masokxan kadalam dahun pisang sabesar dua iari lebeh knrang, lain 
di-lipat, maka di-kuktis (arti-nya di-masokkan kadalam suatu tong naina* 
nyakukusan) dan di-letakkan dalam kuali yang berayer, dl-jadikan apt 
di-bawah-nja, maka masaklah ia dengan wap ajer itu aahaja. 

Flour iff mixed with sugar and with the expressed jnioe of the pulp of 
the cocoanut, and put into a piece of pUutain lenf about two fingers long, 
which is then folded and the whole is steamed, that Is put Into a jMiIl known 



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288 DRRIHAL PKEHJA'AN BRRSAWAH DI MALAKA 



Satelah selesai deripada maulud itu, maka masing-masing 
*' <I ' ~>4 P^" taranlah ka sawah {jikalau sempat pada ban itu atau esok* 

*.^ 'l- nja) memulakan membajak petak semaian (suatu petak jang 

:1.v hampir nimab-nya atau jang sudah di-biasakan tabun-tahun 

) menyemaikan beneb di-situ). Tetapi jikalau terlalu banjak 

I petak-petak itu, maka di-dabulukanlab membajak saparob petak 

^ itu ; maka di akbir-akbir bulan Zilhijab mabulab di-perbaiki akan 

petak semaian itu dengan semporna-uya didalam sapulob bari 
lebeb kurang siaplab. 



Dexihal Menyemai atu Menabmr. 

4. — Adapun perbuatan menyemai itu, mula-mula di-jemurkan 
padi-padi beneb itu dan ibu beneb pun, tetapi di-asingkan sepaya 
kering, kemdian direndamkan pada suatu bekas (tong atau pasu) 
lama-nya dua bari dua malam babarn di-angkat dan di-tinskan* 
serta di-bamparkan rata-rata di^atas tikar sama-sama tebal-nya, 
maka di-tutup-nya dengan dabun-dabun yang bidup (yang ter- 
lebebbaik dengan dabun pinang), maka pada tiap-tiap petang 
di-renjiskan ayer rata-rata di-atas beneb itu, sepaya segera 
kaluar (pecbi^) mata-nya, barangkali didalam dua malam lebeb 
iC kurang. 

5. — Didalam masa merendamkan beueb-beneb itu mahula 
di-sediakan baik-baik akan petak semaian itu, ia itu 

(1) di-bajak balik, 

(2) di-sikat, 
(8) di-ratakan, 

(4) di.balur», 

(5) di-dudokkan^* tanah itu, 

(6) di-baiki batas-nya, 

(7) di-lecbok" licbin-liclmi. 

M kukusan wbicb is placed in a large pan containing water, baring a tit 
ligbted under it so that contentt of the XnrlriMafi are cooked by means of 
steam only. 

8 7Vmi»»— To strain. 

9 jBa/Kf— Fd/nr (f;-— Di-perbnatkan parit di-dalam petak itu jarak 
sadepa di-tinggikain tanah-nja sapanjsng petak itn, sepaya tumn ayer ka 
patit-i^a itu. 



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DEUIIIAL PKERJA'AX BRRSAWAII DI MALAKA 289 

Maka apabila bertambohlah mata beneh itu lala di-bawalah 
kapada tompat petak semaian itu dan di-hakarkan kemanyan yang 
di-beri Pawang itu, scrfa di-renjis petak itu dengan tepong ta- 
war^*, maka Itaharulah di-taburkan dahulu akan kapala l^neh 
itu pada suatu penjuru petak semaian yang telah di-sediakan 
sabesar sadepa ampat persogi, keindinn baharulah di-taburkan 
beneh jang banyak itu |)ada savata petak semaiau itu (baik 
menabur katika petak berayer, sepaya sauiua-nya mata beneh 
itu torka*atas dan akar-nya kelak tiada pan jang dan senanglah 
menf'habut-nya) tctapi maluilah katika menyemai itu didalam 
masa bulan gelap, sepaya teiplibem tauaman itu deiipada di-ma- 
kau hulat-hulat. Shahadan lepas tiga hari beneh itu tersemai 
naiklah menjarum^'^ tumboli-nya; maka katika itu di-keringkan 
siikali ayer deripada petak petak itu; dan lepaa tujoh hari 
inongekoi pipit'^ ; dan sampai sapulob Uma-blas hari memechah 
dabun ; maka katika ini di-masokkau kembali ayer itu sedikit- 
sedikit kadalam petak semaian itu sepaya gemok batang-nja 
benoh itu. 

nmins Are made in the plot at interrals ol a fathom, andtiieear^ 
between them !» raiMod throughout the length of the plot, so that the water 
may run into the drains. 

10 Di-dudolkan tanak t/ii— Apabila seleMii <1eripada di-bajakdan di- 
sikat yang berHch sakali, maica di-<Hamkanlah tanah ita terduook barang 
(hia tiga malam, sepaya sejuk, dan baiklah keUk jadi-nya beneh itu. 

Wlien one lias finished ploughing and made a thoroaghly clean harrow- 
ing, the soil is alloweil to remain undisturbed for two or three nighta, §o 
that it may be cool and the seed nuiy thriTC. 

11 />t-/ecAoi:— Di-sapu atau di-go9ok-gotH»k dengan tangan, sepaya 
lichin. 

To sweep or rub with the hands in order to make it smooth. 

12 Teponff laicar— (1) Tepong chayer, (2) dahan ribn-ribn (roelataX 
(8) gandarusa (pokok kechil), (4)senjuang, (5)Bambardara(rumput), (6)d- 
puleh (pokok kechil), (7) Sitawar (ookok kechil), dan (8) chakarMwk 
(pokok kechil), di-ikat serba sedikit dahnn-dahun ita, maka di-chdnpkaii 
hujang-nya kadalam tepong chaver ita. 

Tepong tawar consists of (1; floor mixed with water. 

A bundle is made of the following leaves : (2) A creeper known at 
dahun rihu-ribu ; (8) oandarusa^ a small shrnb ; (4; tenjuang ; (5) JomAor 
Hara, a weed; Ttf) ttpuleh, a small shrub ; (7) «tfaMHir,a small shnib 
and (S) ehahar behek^ a small shrab. 

The end of this bundle is dipped Into the tipang tawar, whSdi is tiien 
sprinkled aboat 



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290 DERIHAL PKERJA'AX BKHSAWAH 1)1 MALAKA 

Maka lama-nya beneh itu terseinai sa-kurang-kui*ang ampat 
l*ulob-ampat^* had chukuplab tiiiggi tuinlx>h-uya itu, toUpi yang 
sabaik baik umor-nya didalani petak^ ' seinaian itu hingga tujoh 
puloh hari lebeb kmrang, 

G. — Maka sainantara beneh itu tersemai berpindahlab raem- 
l)ajak kapada petak-petak yang lain, lepas suatti kapada suatu 
saberapa banyak petak-petak itu bin^galah babis ; inilah di nama- 
kan bajak bungaran'^ maka di-perbaikilah akan Imtas-batas itu 
ili-pupok*^ samula dengan tanah, sepaya jangan torkaluar ayer 
yang didalaui sawah itu dan jangan kakeringan. Satelab di-per- 
baiki batas-bataa itu Imharulab disikat di-niulai deripada p^tak 
yang inula-innla dilmjak (lain deripada pofak semaian) itn, karana 
disitu tanahnya sudah lenibuf dan iiiinput-nya sudah busok, 
lieberapa haii sudah terendam, ia'itu saperti suatu baja juga, 
demikianlah di-perbuat satu-persatu-nya. Keiudian di-l)ajak lagt 
(bajak balaa) sakali, dan di-sikat pun, karana sikat yang inula- 
mula itu memechahkan tanah sahaja, dan yang kadua kalinya 
itulah menghaluskan hanchur tanah itu dan mematikan ruinput 
tetapi kabanyakkan apabila sudah di-sikat dengan pengfikat besi 
itu di-balas lag! dengan pencrikat kayu, sepaya lagi-lagi halus, 
dan suborlah kelak padi-nya itu lebeh baik deripada Iain-Iain 
sawah orang yang kurang rajin; karana pekerja*an liersawah itu 
di-kata orang **tunang harapan** (aiiinya akan pengisi prut). 
Maka pada tiap-tiap hari bekerja didalain petak-petak itu sama 
saperti aturan pekeria*an pada petak semaian yang tersebut di- 
dalam fasal yang kalima itu. 

IS Menjarum — ^Tumboh-nya ita saperti iiabatJing iaram. 

Tlie tcnn denotes the stage when a single neodle-liVe shoot appears. 

U Mtngekcr pipit — Berdahan doa helaL 

The stage wlien the shoot dirides into two blades. 

15 Memechak (/oAim—Berdahan ampat lima helal. 

When four or five hlades hare appeared. 

IB Kurang kuat akar-nya, barangkali musim hajan lebat atau angin 
kendang lekas la rehah. 

The roots are not verr strung and in the case ol heary rain or strong 
wind the sccilUngs are liable to be beaten down. 

17 Knat akar-nya. 

At this fitage the roots are strong. 

18 Bungarau-^Ywng mala, perma1a*an. . 

The beginning ; thelfarst. ^ j 

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DEKIHAL PKRIUAAX BKUSAWAII DI MALAKA. 291 



Derihal Mengubah. 
7. — Apabila cbukuplah masa-nya beneh itu tersemai dan 
sawah pun sudah siap bei-seh akan meu^uliah^® (lebeh kurang 
di-dalani Safar, ia*itii Augusl), maka di-cbabutlah beneh itu dan 
di-ikat-ikat dengan tali yatig di-perbuat deripada dahun palat 
yang di-keringkau, sacliekak'^ besarnya (di-kata sa'uuting) kem- 
dian jikalan panjang akar-nya dan dahun-nya buleblah di-kerai 
tiedikit-sedikit lalu di-chelupkan akar-nya itu kadalam baja (habu 
tulang keibau yang sudab di-bakar dengan aekaui, hangus- 
bangus, dan di-tumbok balus-halus dan di-ayak dan di-gaul pula 
dengan lumpor, ini-lah baja yang terlebeh baik bagi menanam 
padi, di-namakan *'baja pangkal**; danadajuga di-pakai baja 
itu di-taburkan sahnja, saperti fatakala bandak di-ubab itu di- 
kei-atlab bujong dahun beneh itu lahi di-tanamkan, kemdiau apa 
kala di-)ihat puleh ^' nampak-nya puchok-nya itu baharulah di- 
taburkan baja itu pada sa-rata-rata sawah itu, tetapi ada juga 
tempat-tempat yang tiada sakali-kali memakai baia itu, karana 
tempat itu inemang geuiok). Kemidian di-anginkan akan dia 
kira-kira dua nialam ; satelah itu di-bawalah kadalam sawah dan 
ditanamkan pada tiap-tiap 8a*unting itu di-pechah-pechabkan 
sedikit-sedikit anipat lima batang sakali di-cbucbokkan, lebeh 
kurang jarak-jamk sajengkal, sapanjang-panjans^ petak itu sa- 
biugga jfiabis ; barangkali banyak petak yang akan di-ubah itu 
buleh-lah di-panggilkan sapuloh lima-belas kuli-kuli perampuan 
menulong tanamkan (di-kata orang *' berkuli mengubah **) dan 
demikian juga tatkala men-chabut beneh pun, mtS» upah-nya 
itu tiap-tiap saratus unting ampat cent. 

Derihal padi yang sudah di-ubah. 

8. — Satelab siap terubah sakalian Ijeneh itu, didalam sapuloh 
liari lagi nanipaklah pul»;h padi itu ; dan dalam tiga puloh ban 

VJ PftfHfl: — 1)i-taiiibah atau di-tampftl densao lumpor. 

To build up and repair an embankment with mud. 

iO Meui/uhaA — ^Tukar tciii]mt ; pindahkan bertanam. 

To transplant. • - 

21 CA<f^rXr— Di-pertcumkan Imjung telunjuk dengan lihjong iba jari 
W yang di-daUm-r^a itu-lah mtckelak. 

The »nac« endiined by tlic thumb and tin? Index finger, when tlielr ends 
"leet, is calkMl Chtihik, 



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292 DEKIUAL TKEIU A*AX BEKSAWAU DI MALAKA. 

kaloarlah anak-nja ; dan masok dua bulan raerepaklali^; dan 
masok katiga bulan rata-lah^^; maka di dalam tiga bulan 
satengah umor-nya itu termenunglah^^; dan masok ka'ainpat 
bulan-nya bunting kechil^® maka katika ini batang-nya itu baharu 
Hma ruas, dan deripada masa padi bunting kechil itu mahulah di- 
rabun'^ sa-hari-hari padi itu hingga terbit buat-nja. 

Maka sa-kira-kira hampir menjadi anam ruas bataug-uya itu 
jadi-lah bunting besar; maka di-dalam auipat puloh hari lagi 
terbit-lah buah-nya tinjan-meninjau^", dan daUm dua puloh 
hari lagi nienghampar^'; maka pada katika ini mahulah di*kering- 
kau sakali ayer di- dalam sawah itu, sepaya segera masak- 
nya ; dan didalam lima anam hari menghampar itu mendaporlah ; 
kemdian sedikit hari sahaja lagi ratalah masak-nya padi itu ; 
maka telah di-kira-kirakan lama-nya semeujak hari di-ubah itu 
hingga rata ma^'ak-nya itu adalah anam bula**, lain deri-pada 
beberapa hari membajak dan menyemai itu, barangkali sabulau 
atu dua bulan, atan pun jikalau banyak-banyak petak-uya itu 
sampai tiga bulan baharulah aelesai denpada membajak itu. 

22. PvJeh — Gcmok, sabor, segar. 
Great, not faded. 

28. Merepak — Anak ber-anak lagi. 
To increase and multiply. 

24. i2r(/ci— Sainalah tinggi-nya samoa-nya. 
The Mine height all over. 

25. YerfittfiiNft^— Terdiamlah buliaja; tiada lagi bcrtambah tinggi dan 
nierepak. 

To renuiin just an it is, without growing taller or increasing. 

26. Bunting Kechil — Nampak-nya geniok mas vang di atas sakali. 
Lit * * The les»er pregnancy : " the topmost joint beoincs thick. [ Sinii • 

liarly bunting henar litcmlly means the greater ** pregnancy."] 

27 /^o6nii— Di-asap-asap. ^ 
To fumigate. 

28 TSnjtm meniujau — Tvngok menvngok — terbit buah-nya sa-batang sa- 
batang. 

I1ie grain appearing on a stalk here and tbers. 

29 Mengkampar^l^U terbit buah nya (di-kata orang tengah meng- 
liampar). 

The grain appearing all over the field. 



30 Mendanur — Masak sa-tompok sa-tuinpok. 
lUpening in patches. 

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DERIHAL PKERJA*AN BERSAWAH DI MALAKA 293 



Derihal menuai dan mengambil semangat padi. 

9. — ApaUla handak memulai meuuai buah padi it a inahulah 
deiigan ; ithin pawang dan meinbakar kemenyan yaog dl-beri-nya 
itu di sawah sorta di-»ediakaii perkakas-nya saperti yang teraebut 
di-bawah ini : — 

(1). Bakul kechil akaii tenipal padi yang luula-iinila di- 
timi, ia itu semangaf padL 

(2). Jari lipan** akan di-letakkan di-keliling bakul kechil. 

(3). Tali terap akau pengikat padi yang mula-mula di-tuai. 

(4). Sabatang pendek buloh kasap kecbil akau dibuboh 
baudera di-chachakkan dalaiu Imkul kechil itu akan jadi tanda 
(temangat padi yang mula-mula di-tuai. 

(5). Kaiu puteh sedikit akan pembungkus aemaiigat padi. 
Anchak^ akan tempat melotakkan tempat bank. 
Tempat liara akan membakar kemenyan yang di-beri 



(6). 
pawang. 



(8). 



y. Paku, buah k.^ras^ akan diletak-kan didalam anchak 
sama-sama tempat bara. 

Tatkala buah padi itu sudah masak rata, handaklah di-ambil 
semangat-nya dahulu, di-pileh pada sai-ata, petak sawah sendiri 
itu dimana yang terlebeh baik padi-nya itu, dan dimana yang 
betina-nya (rumpun-nya yang besar) dan dimana yang tujob ruas 
batang-nya; maka pada rumpun yang demikiau it ulah mula-mula 
di-tuai tujoh tangkai akan menjadi semangat padi, maka di-tuai 
)agi satu gemaP^ akan men jadi ibu beneh pada tabun hadapan 
kelak. 

31 SemuH^at — ^The sool, good spirit 

8*i Jari lifHtn — Puchok kabjia yang iH-imyaiu sapcrti ganiYmr lipan 
Ixfr-jari. 

A coconut frond braidud into the semblance of a* ci*ntiixKk**ii feet. 

:i:i ^ficA<iik— Bilah-bilah biiloli ataa polepah-pelcpah yang di-rajut (any- 
ani) ampat per^ogi tcrbampar dan cM-bcri bertali patla ka*an]pat )icnjttra-nya 
<1un Hakalian puncba tali itu di-hatiikan di-tengab sqiaya bulib ili-gantong 
ataa di-jenjct 

Strips of bamboo or fronds braided into an open square shape with cord* 
attached to tbe four comers, tlie ends of tlie cords lK*ing Joined so diat It can 
be hung up. 

31 Ailm— A nail. Buah Ktru§^ a candle nut 

35 CreMd/— Dl-dirikan jari hantu dan ibu jaripun, teUpi tiada bertema tized byV^OOQlC . 







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204 DEKIHAL PKfilUAAN BEHSAWAU Dl MALAR A 

Maka seiuaiigat padi itu dibungkus deugan kain puteh dap 

di-ikat dengau tali terap, di-perbuatkan saperti rupa budak kecbil 

// didalam bedong^^ inaka di-iunsokkan kadalaui bakul kccliil itu; 

: • V tnaka ibu beneb itu pula di-iuabokkan kadalaiu bakul lain, lalu 

: \ .j[ di-asapkan kadua-uya deiigan kemonyan, ketudian di-suifunkanlah 

' :^^*.. kadua bakul itu di-bawablah pulaug baui[>ai karumab di-masok- 

, '/i; I kaalah kadalaui kepuk (tem|)at luenyimpan padi). 

' 'S, 10 Di belakan tiga ban (di-kata .oiaug **pantaug tuai") 

' •;. babarulab buleb di-tuai atau di-potong akau padi yaug lain-uya 

' ,1 i .* V itu, tetapi di-tuai dahulu sakedar sabakul dua sabaja, maka di- 

.,/ i}-\ jemur, di-kisar^' dan di-kipas'**, lalu di-tunibok di-jadikau beras, 

' . V jj maka di-masakkan nasi, lalu di-pangg^ilkan orang di-kbandurikaii 

11 Salelab itu di-perbuatkanlah tong akan tempat membau 
tiug^ padi dan suatu balubur^ akan tempat menyim|ian padi 
sementara di-sawab itu juga; kemdian di-panggilkan lima anam 
oi*ang kuli akan mcnyabit dan membanting padi itu ; adapun waktu- 
nya berkerja itu dcri pukul anam pagi bingga sebelas satengab, 
s»aberapadapatpadiyangdi-lianting-nya itu di-masokkan kadalam 
balubur itu. 






^ 3<> iSf^cAiN^— SwRilclle, to swathe. 

; lAJnnik ampat jori lebeli kurang, maka fMiUrek-terck itd pegangan di-i1alaiii 

nyaitulali Motmd, 

\ Tlie mickfle fiuger antl thumb arc ntrutchcd out not so a» to meet but 

'\ with tlie tips about four Angers* bivadth apart and tlic amount that can be 

^ heW )ietwven tiKfin, |Kickot1 ai» tightly as possible, is called a gemaL 

j 37 ATnar— To rcer, to turn ruand. 

< 5W KijMiM — A fan to winnow. 

\ iKtMir is to winnow. KimmiH i» an arrangiMiient of two babkets, of 

:; winch tlie lom-er is fixed wliife tlie upper one spins round and winnows tlie 

J grain m> tlutt tlie chaflf flics out. A'i;kw iti a winnowing machine with an 

J open moutli, out of which llic clmff is iWvcn by a fan turned bv a liandk*.— 

;} do.B.] 

i oO Mih^lMitdiHg -Di-auibil »abitan iiadi itu mirkekul btsttr (di-pertemu- 

'^ kan kadua huj^mg jari liantu dan kadua iba jari pun) diimkulkan ka tepi 

e ^^8 itu sepaya gugor buah padi itu masok kadalam tong, itaUb memban- 

^. /lay uaih. 

You take of the rice that lias been cut with the sickle (Mbit) a hirge 

j chekiik (as much as can he held between tlie en<ls of the thumbs and midtBe 

fingers of both hands) ami beat it against the (inner) edge of the backet 

•o tliat Uie gimiu falb into Uie backet : this process is called membtmting iw#tf 

:^ [here rendea'd by ^thivshinf*]. 

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DRRIIIAL FKRRJA*AX RRUSAWAII 1)1 MALAKA. 295 



12 Jikalau baik jadi-nya pad! itu, didalam sagantang bnleh- 
iah di-da|)at buafa-nya itu saratus gantang ; dan pada tiap-ljap 
sapetak sawah itu adalah sagautang beneh-nja itu. 

13. — Safelah liabiH di-potong pad! itu l)aharu1ab di-angiu^' 
akan membnangkan Imropa-nya, lalu di-jemurkan kering-kering, 
sepaya jangaii l>erlapuk tatkala di-simpaii bertahun ; kemdian 
deripada itu di-kaluarkanlah upah kuli itu tiap-tiap sapuloh 
gantang dua gantang. A|iabila selesai deripada itu jikalati 
tiada di-jualkan padi itu, di-angkatlah pulang di-masakkan kada- 
l.ini kepuk. Maka Imrangbila handak di-makan di-ambillah saba- 
kuUsabakul di-jemurkan, di-kisar dan di-kipas, lalu di-tumbok 
inenjadilah boias, Italmrulah di-bul>oh sakedar-nya kadalam priok, 
ili-basoldali, dan di-buboh ayer .<akira-kira tinggclam lioras itu 
lalu di-jerangkan ka*atas dapur sahingga masak menjadi nam 
iMilehlali di-makan. 

14. — Adapun pekerja*an metiyabit (di*|X>tongdengan saUt) 
dan memt)anting padi sapertiyang tei*sebut pada fasal 1 1 jadilah 
saperti adat baliaru, maka yang terlebeh gcmar berbuat deuiikiaii 
itusakarang iniorang-orangyang tinggaldiham|)ir bandar Malaka, 
sepaya segera habis pekerja'an-nya ; tetapi dahulu-dahuln tiada 
buleh demikian, hingga sakarang pun orang-orang yang tinggal di 
sebolab daratdarat Malaka itu suka roengetam padi-nya dengan 
di-tuai sagemal-sagemal di-masokkan ka-dalam bakul (jikalao 
di-kulikan, upah-nya itu sapuloh satu) beberapa hari baharulah 
habis, maka pekerja*an yang demikian itu kunun berkat^^, tiada 
terperanjat semangat padi ; dan ada juga satengah-ny a orang yang 
perchaya saperti yang tersebut itu, berkata, *' semenjak sudah 
jadi adat membanting oadi itu banyaklah susut buah padi itu 
deripada tahun yang dubulu-dahulu katika biasa dengan di-tuai 
itu.*^ 

15. — Baraig siapa yang bers^awah lebar, jika tiada terdaya- 
kan uleh sendtri-nya bekerja menanam padi itu, maka kerap kali 
di-berikan-nya kapada orang lain mengerjakan sawah-nya itu 
dengan perjanjian berbahagi dua (.sama-sama kena belanja 



41 Di-anofn—'To fentUate. 

jTliiii is the Uteml sense of the word : 
to winnow with a winnowing fsn. — C. O. 

42 Btfribaf— Blessed, to bless. 



it seems to be used here for Urai^ 



B] 



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296 DKRIIIAL PKERJA'AX BERSAWAll DI MALAKA. 

menyewa kerbau dan sama-sama keiia di-atas sabarang belanja 
didalani hal bei-tanam padi itu) atau berbahagi tiga (umpama-nja, 
fuan-nya mengaluarkan sabarang a| a l)elauja-njra dan orang yang 
Ix^kerja itu buleh inendapat sapertiga ; atan oi*ang jang bekerja 
itu, buleh meugaluarkan sabarang belanja itu, maka tuan-nya 
buleh inendapat sapertiga sahaja) atau pun di-sewakan-nya 
sahaja, sa'uuipaina sawah-nya itu lazim buleh naik sakoyan padi- 
nya tahun-tahun, maka sewa-nya itu buiehlah di-dapat-nya lebeh 
kurang dua-ratus gantang padi. 

Ki »Sabarang orang yang bet^sawa yang tiada uiempcrbuat 
saperti aturan yang tersebut didalani fasal 9 dan 10 itu, maka 
jadilah saperti tiada ia memakai sakalian pantang^^ berladang padi 
karana jikalar tiada di-bawahkan sagala tertib-nya^* itu tentulah 
kachewa*^ kasudahan-nyadan sia-sia sahaja pekerja'an-nya dengan 
tiada semporna akan bajat-nya itu, karana sakaltan aturan dan 
pantang itu guna-nya, sepaya menjauhkan dan melindungkan deri- 
pada sakalian musoh padi itu, saperti benah*^, tikus, dan liabi, 
atau sabagai-nya. 

48 Puntany—K prohibition. 

44 7>r/i6 —DiHixmition [i. e. arningeiDent, onk^r: the siinie as af Mmnl 

C. <>. B. 

45 KackeuHi — ^To initM, to faiL 

4rt Htmtk — A worm or grub. mA^rgiit or siimll gmBuhopper. 



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An Account of 
The Cultivation of Rice in Malacca. 

It is tlie established custom io Malacca territory to plaut 
rice once a year and the season for doine so genemlly falls 
about the month of Zilkaidah or Zilhijah*. In starting planting 
operations, however, the object is if possible to coincide with the 
season when the West wind blows, lxK*ause at that time there 
are frequent rains and accordingly the earth of the nce-field 
becomes soft and easy to plough. Moreover in planting rice it 
is an invariable rule that there must be water in the field, in ord^ 
that the rice may sprout properly ; though on the other hand if 
there is too great a depth of water the rice is sure to die. It 
has also been ol)served that as a rule the season of the West 
wind coincides with the fourth monthf of the Chinese calendar, 
and sometimes also with the month of Zilkaidah or Zilhijah. 

2. — In olden time the order of planting operations was as 
follows : — First the eldei^ had to hold a consultation with the 
Pawaug ; then the date was fixed ; tlien Maulud prayers were read 
over the '* mother seed ** and benzoin, supplied by the pawang; 
was burned ; then all the requisites for rice planting were got 
ready, viz: — 

(1) A strong buffalo (to pull the plough) ; 

(2) A plough with its appurtenances (to turn over the 
earth and the short weeds) ; * 

(3) A harrow with its appurtenances (to level and break 

up small the clods of earth left by the plough) ; | 

r*In 1S98 the«e iiionth» extended froin the 17th Mar to th« 14th Jul?. , 

c. o. B.] r^ T ' 

[fin 1898 from the ICth M«y to the imii June.r-C. O. B.] Digitized by V^OOglC ; 



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298 CULTIVATION OF KICK IN MALACCA. 



(4) A roller witb iU appurteuaiices (to knock down tbu 
long weeds, such as sedges, in Aelds that have lain fallow for a 
long while) ; 

(5) A wood cutter's kin'fe to mend any of the implements 
; ; : t fc^'^t may get out of order at the time of ploughing ; 

[ -*.][*] (6) A hue to repair the embankments and level the higher 

ground. 

(7) A scythe to cut the long weeds; 

(8) And a whip to rrge ihe buffalo on if he is lazy. 
3. — When the proper season has arrived for begiiming the 

work of planting and the eldeis have come to an agreement with 
the Pawang, then on some Friday after the service in the 
Mosque tlie Penghulu addresses all the people there present, 
saying Uiat on such a day of the month, every one who is to 
'; Zr r- take part iu rice-cultivation must bring to the Mosque half a 

■■'• v. quart of graiu (for ••motlier se.d**) in order that that MaulmJ 

ji /*'^, \. prayers may be read over it. (At that lime Ketuputs awH 

LeptUs are prepared for the men who are to read those prayei*s). 

When the Muaiud prayei's are over, every man goes down 
to the rice* fields if possible on tlie same day or the next one, in 
order to begin ploughing the nursery plot, that is the plot wliieh 
is near his house or in which he has been iu the habit of sowing 
the seed every year. 

But if a man has a great number of plots, he will begin by 
ploughing half of them and then at the end of the month of Zil- 
hijah he must diligently prepare the nursery plot, so as to be 
ready iu about ten days' time. 



Of Sowing. 



4. — Before sowing one must first of all lay out the grain, 
both the seed-grain and the '* mother-seed,** each separately, to 
dry. It must then be soaked in a vessel (a bucket or pot) for 
two days and two nights, after which it is taken out, strained 
• . 'I':!. and spread quite evenly on a mat witb fresh leaves (areca-nut 

fronds are best) and every afternoon one must sprinkle water 
on it, iu order Uiat the germ may ([uickly break through, which 
! i ^ will happen f^obably in two days' time or thereabouts. 

5. — While the seed is soaking, the nursery plot must b^ 



CULTIVATIOX OF HICK IN MALACCA. 



299 



rarefully prej>ared : that i« to sajr, it must be ploughed ove ; 
again, harrowed, levelled, ditched, and the soil allowed to settler 
the embankments must l)e mended and the surface made smooth. 
When the germJ« have sprouted the seed is taken to the nursery 
plot. I^n/.oin supplied by the Uawang is burnt and the plot 
<iprinkled with tefwm/ fatrar. Then a beginning is made by sowing 
the " chief of the i^eed" ['.7." mother-seed"] m one comer of the 
nursery, prepared for the purpose and about two yards square ; 
afterwards the rest of the seed is sown all over the plot It is 
well to sow when the plot c ontains plenty of water, so that 
all the germs of the i<eed may 1)h uppermost and the roota may 
not grow long but may be pulled up easily. The time for sow- 
ing must 1h3 during the dark half of the month, so that the 
soodlings may l)e preserved from being eaten by insects. 

Three days after the seed is sown the young shoota begin 
to rise like needles and at that time all the water should be 
drawn off the plot; after seven days they are likened to a 
sparrow's tail, and about the tenth or fifteenth day they break 
out into blades. At that period the water is again let into the 
plot, little by little, in order that the stalks of the seedlings may 
git)w thick. 

The seedlings have to remain in the nursery for at least 
forty or forty-four days from the time of sowing, befoi:e they 
are sufficiently grown : it is best to let them remain till they 
are about seventy days old. 

6. — While the seedlings are in the nursery, the other plots 
are beirjg^ ploughed, one after another : and this is called the 
first ploughing. Then the embankments are mended and reformed 
with earth, so that the water in the field may not escape and 
leave it dry. After the embankments have been mended the 
harrowing begins : a start is made with the plot that was first 
ploughed (other than the nursery plot) for there the earth will 
have become soft and the weeds being rotten after many days of 
soaking in the water will form a sort of manure. Each plot ia so j 

dealt with in its turn. Then all have to be ploughed once more 
which is called the second ploughing) and harrowed again; for 
the fii-st harrowing merely breaks up the clods of earS and a C^r\r\n]c 

second is required to reduce them to a fine stote and to kill the ^'^^^ by VjOOglt 
»ed8. Most people, having first used an iron harrow, use a 



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CULTIVATION OF RICE IX MALACCA. 



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wooden one for the second harrowing in order that the earth 
may he broken up quite Hue. Their rice is sure to thrive better 
than that of people who are less careful : for in nce-pianting, 
as the saying goes there is ** the plighted hope of good that is 
to come," in the way of bodily sustenance 1 mean. So day by 
day the different plots are treated in the way that has been des- 
cril»ftd in connection with the nursery plot in paragraph 5 above. 

Of Planting. 

7. — When the seedling rice has lieen in the nursery long 
euough and the fields are clean and ready for planting (which will 
be about the u:onth of Safar or August) the seedinga are pulled 
up and tied together with strips of dried jmhts leaves into 
bundles of the size known as sachekal. If the roots and blade;) 
are long, the ends can be clipped a little, and the roots are then 
steeped in manure. This manure is made of buffalo bones burnt 
with chaff till they are tlioroughly calcined, and then pounded 
fine, passed through a sieve and mixed with mud : that is the 
best kind of manure for rice-plan tiig and is known as 
stock ** nianura** (It can also be applied by merely scattering it 
in U)e fields. In that case, after cuttiig off the ends of the blades, 
the seedlings are planted and ^afterwards, when they are green 
again and appear to be thiiving, the manure is scattered over the 
whole field. There are some places too where no manure at all 
is used, because of the perannial richness of the soil.) 

Afterwards the seedlings are allowed to remain exposed to 
the air for about two nights and then taken to the field to be 
planted. The bundles are broken up and bunches of four or 
five plants together are planted at intervals of a span all over 
the different plots till all are filled up. If there are very many 
plotfl, ten or nfteen female labourers can lie engaged to a.<^i8t 
in planting, and likewise in pulling up the seedlings, at a wage 
of four cents for every hunored bundles. 

Of the Bioe after it has been Transplanted. 

8. — Ten days after the young rice has been transplanted it 
recovers its fresh green colour ; in thirty days the young shoots 
come out ; in the seoond month it increases more and more, and 



CULTIVATION OF HICE IX MALACCA 



301 



in the third it becomes even all over. After three months and a 
half its growth is stayed and in the fourth month it is styled 
bunting ktchil. 

At that stage the stalk has only five joints, and from that 
period it must be fumigated daily till the grain appears. 

About the time v^en the stalk has six joints, it la called 
hhutimj besar; in forty days more the ^rain is visible here and 
there, and twenty days later it spread;^ everywhere. At this 
time all the water in the field must be drawn ofF so that the 
grain may ripen quickly. After five or six days it ripens in 
patches and a few days later the vice is altogether ripe. 

From the lime of transplanting to the time when it Is line 
is reckoned six months, not counting the days spent in plough- 
ing and in growing it in the nursery, which may be a month or 
two, or even (if there are many plots) as much as three months 
to the end of the ploughing. 

Of Reaping and Taking the Sonl of the Bice. 

9. — When one wishes to begin reaping the grain one most 
first have the Pawang's permission, and burn benzoin supplied 
by him in the field. 

The following implements must also be got ready, vis. 

(1) A 8ma1l basket to hold the rice cut first known as 
the «• Soul of the Rice." 

(2) A jari ii/ian to put round the small basket : 

( 3) A string of terap bark to tie up the rice that is cut first. 

(4) A small stem of bamboo, of the variety known as 
buhh kasap^ with a flag attached, which is to lie planted In 
the small basket as a sign of the *' soul of the n<*e ** that haa 
been cut first; 

(5) A small white cloth to wrap np the " soul of the rioe **; ' , 

(6) An anchak to hold the brasier ; 

(7) A brasier, in which to burn the incense provided by j 
the rawang; 

(8) A nail and a kind of nut, known as buah keras^ to be ! 
put into the auchnk together with the brasier. 

when the rice is ripe all over, one must first take the r-^ ii 

" Soul- out of all the plots of one's field. Vou choose the spot ti^ed by V^OOglC 






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CULTIVATION OF RICE IN MALACCA 






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where the rice i« l^estand where it is " female*" (that is to say 
where the hunch of stalks is l»ig) and where there are Keren 
joints in the stalk. You begfin with a bunch of this kind and 
clip seven stems to be the " soul of the rice **; and then jou clip 
yet another handful to be the " mother seed " for the following 
year. The " Soul " is wrapped in a white cloth tied with a cord 
of teixtp bark and made into the shape of a little child in swad- 
dling clothes, and put into the small basket. The ** mother 
seed *' is put into another basket and both are fumigated with 
lienzoin and then the two Ixiskets are piled the one on the other 
and taken home and put into the kepuk (the receptacle in which 
rice is stored). 

10. — One must wait three days (called the pantang tuai) 
Ixjfore one may clip or cut any more of the rice. At first only 
one or two basketfuls of rice are cut : the rice is dried in the sun, 
winnowed in a winnowing basket and cleaned in a fanning ma- 
chine, pounded to free it from the husk so that it becomes liraii 
and then boiled so that it becomes mm^ and people are invited to 
feast on it. 

11. — Then a bucket is made for the purpose of threshing 
the i*est of the rice, and a granary built to keep it in while it re- 
mains in the field, and five or six labourers are engaged to reap 
and thresh it. Their hours of working are from 6 to 11.30 a.m. 
and all the rice they thresh they put into the gi-anary. 

12. — If the cit)p is a good one, a gallon of seed will pro- 
duce a hundred fold. Each plot in a field takes about a gallon 
of seed. 

18. — When the rice has all been ent, it is winnowed in or- 
der to get rid of the chaff and then laid out in the sun till quite 
dry so that it may not get mouldy if kept for a year. 

Then the wages of the labourers are taken out of it at the 
rate of two gallons out of every ten. WHien that is settled, if 
the rice is not to be sold, it is taken home and put into the rice- 
chest 

Whenever you want to eat of it, you take out a basketful at 
a time and dry it in the sua Then you turn it in the winnowing 
basket and clean it in the fanning machine, pound it to convert 
it into beras (husked rice) and put a sufficiency of it in a pot and 
wash it Enough water is then poured over iH» ooyer it and it 

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CULTIVATION OF KICE IN MALACCA. 303 



is put ou the kitchen fire till it is boiled and becomes iion*, when 
it can be eaten. 

1 4. — The custom of reaping \vith a sickle and tbreshibg 
the rice as described in |)ai agraph 11 is a modern method and is 
at present mainly practiced by the people living in the neighbour- 
hood of the town of Malacca, in order (o get the work done 
<juickly ; but in olden times it was not allowed and even to this 
day, the people who live in the inland parts of the territory of 
Malacca prefer to clip their rice with a tnaij an t put it into 
tJieir ba:fkets a han>lful at a time [t. e. without Uireshiug itl. 
(If labourers are employed to do this, their wage is one teuUi 
of the rice cut). It takes ever so many days to get the work 
dune, but the idea is that this method is the pious one, the 
** soul of the rice" not being disturl)ed thereby. A good part 
of the people hold this br3]ief and assert that since the custom 
of threshing the rice has been introduced, Uie crops have been 
much less abundant than in years of o'deu time when it was 
the custom to use tlie Imi only. 

15. — If a man has broad Kelds so that he is unable to plant 
them all by his own labour, he will often allow another to work 
them on an agreement, cither of etjual division of the produce 
(each lieariiig an equal share of the hire of a buffalo and all 
other expenses incidental to rice-planting) or of three-fold divi- 
Mon (that is, for example, the owner bears all expenses, in 
which case the man who does the work can ^et a third of the 
produce ; or the latter bears all expenses, m which case the 
owner only gets a third of the produce). Or again, the land 
<«n be let: for instance a field which ordinarily produces a 
Koyan^ of rice a year will fetch a rent of about two hundred 
gallons, more or less. 

10. — Every cultivator who does not act in accordance with 
the ordinance laid down in paragraphs 9 and 10 alx>ve will be 
in the same case as if he disregarded all the prohibitbus laid 
down in connection with planting. If a man does not carry 
out this procedure he is sure to fail in the end ; his labour will 
be in vain and will not fulfil his desires, for the \irtue of all 






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304 CULTIVATION OF UICE IN MALACCA. 

Uicse ordinances and prohibitions lies in the fact that they ptx>- 
tect the rice and drive away all its enemies, such as grubs, rats, 
bwine and tlie like.. 

r* A Kojfan, as a measure of vreiglit, contains 40 pikuh » 5333^ Ibn. 

Rather over 20 galloiM (yahtang) uf licc (pmli) go to apt in/. 

The term Kojfon is also used ns a measure of capacity, in which ttcnse 
It contain 800 gantarngg. 

The term gnHtwtg has been remlereil here by ••gallon" of which it is at 
present the 1^1 equivalent, bat the native guHtang Iwd a standanl varying 
aoconling ta locality. 

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NOTES AND aUERIES. 

Protective Charm 

If a child bas to lie taken out late in tlie afternoon so that 
it \vill probably be out at nightfall it i^ usual among Malays ia 
Malacca to put on the top of its head and just under and behind 
the two ear-lobes a little red betel -juice, to ward off evil spirits. 

With this custom cf. Crooke, *' An Introduction to the Pop- 
ular Religion and Folklore of Northern India," p. 201. 
''Colours are scarers of evil spirits. They particularly dread 
*• yellow, black, red and white. • . The parting of the bride's hair 
** is stained with vermilion, though here, perhaps, the practice is 
"based on the symbolical belief in the blood covenant,** and 
ibid p. 197, where betel is mentioned as a scarer of evil spirits^ 

It would be interesting to learn whether this charm is used 
in other parts of the Peninsula ? 

Earthquakes. 

According to some Malays the earth rests between the 
hours of a gigantic bull ; when he shakes himsself, either through / 

lassitude or for some other reason, the result is an earthquake 

Cf. Crooke, op cit. p. 10. ** The common explanation of these 
" o«currences in India is that Vi&hnu in his Varaha or boar iu- 
*' carnation is changing the burden of the world fix»m one tusk [ 

** to another. 13y another account this is done by the great IhjII 
•* or elephant which supports the world.** 

The South. 

Crooke, op cit. p. 2 1 9, states ** The South is the realm of death, 
"and no one will sleep or have their house door opening toward 
"that ill-omened quarter of the sky.** 

Compare with this the following extract from a Malay 
treatise on these matters: C^nkn^ri]^ 

Beriiiula jika pintu rumah mengadap ka-mashrik UiliJ is ti^ed by ^OO^ It 









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306 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

alatuat beruleb aiiak chuchu banyak lagi sentosa : jika nicngadap 
ka-utai-a baik alainat l)eruleh mas perak 1ag:i seaiperua: jika 
uiengadap ka-inaghrib bertambah-tambah alamat baik atau orang 
alim datan^ kapada-iiya lagi salamat ; jika meiigadap ka-selataii 
malang pada baraiig kerja-uya ; tiada seioperiia inaksud-nya. 



' / ;:i: Names of Months. 

^ ^ * ;r In the inland villages of Malacca the name^ of the Muliatn* 

:, V luadan months are as follows : — 

r']': x: !• Biilan Muharram 

./4 ^ 2. „ Safar 

^ • 1^ 3. „ Sulong Maulud 

.<'; 4. „ Piidua (or Sengah) Maulud 

^v!/'* 5. „ Pcruga (or Alang) Maulud 

. .. - '* . 6, „ Bongsu Maulud 

' '^', ., ' 7. „ Amah 

*•* 8, „ Khenduri 

.]' y\ S- 9) Puasa 

10. „ Raja 

11. „ Berapit 

12. „ Uaji 
but for the 7th month Hojah is the more general name and 
Sha*aban is perhaps more commonly used for the 8th. 

Are the above terms usual in other districts? 



Benzoin. 

Mr. <>roene veldt in the Appendix to his ** Xotes on the 
Malay Archipelago and Malacca,** (Ks:$ayi relating to Indo-China, 
series 11. vol 1. pi 201) remarks under this head: 

Ben^^OIN, golil ami stfver inctHse, It is described as follows 
in the '* Tung Usi Yang K*a u ** Book 3 p. 23 : •< Inside this in- 
'* cense are white spots as clods of white wax ;*^the*best8ort has 
*' much of this white, and the inferior sorts but little. When 
"burnt it is very fragrant." We think this description cannot 
. but apply to the gum benzoin. t 

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NOTES AND QUEmRS. 



307 



Mr. Oroeneveldt does not point out that the name given to 
it in the Chinese text alTords a strong ooiroborat4on to ^is 
identification. It may be questioned indeed whether the Chines 
nomenclator meant the words here rendered ffohl and i^iher to be 
read phoneticallv, or whether he hiniself assumed this ingenious 
transcription to be a tme etymological rendering of the Malay 
name, which is Kemfnifinn. Either way, the Chinese name* is 
phonetically near enough to the .Nfalay name to make it cortain 
that ben/.oin is meant 

•Cant. — Ketii iiicim. 

Ilak. — Kim ngyin. 

Ilok.— Kiingun. 

llaU. — Kinm nidcti. 

Batara Guru. 

In a Mayang Invocation published in the SeJangor Journal 
of the 7th Sept, 1H94, the following interesting passage occurs: 

•* H. C.** translates this : 

'' Peace be unto thee ! I am about to remove from thee, 
my Grandsire, who art styled Petera Guru, the original teacher, 
who art from the beginning, and who art incarnate from thy 
birth.- 

I am inclined to read the adverbial Arabic \J\ with the 

following word JL. rather than with the preceding Mvotdy^ 

This, however, does not alter the general sense of the passage 
beyond bringing out more clearly the fact that " Guru* is used 
as a proper name. 

In the Seiangor Journal of the 22nd February, 1895, the 
following passage occurs in an article on the invocaticMi of the' 
Padi Spirits, over the signature of " W. &** 

" ^Vhen the jungle is first cleared for the forming of a 
'* new Padi swamp, importance is attached to the invocatl<»i of 
"certain mythical personages who may have probably been tl^e GoOqIc 



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XOTKS AXl) QUERIES. 









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*' deities of the Malay in tlie prc-Mohanimedan epoch. These 
*Hhe Pawang should invoke by name as follows: 

'* ' Toh Mentala Garu ! 

" ' Sarajah (? Si Raja) Guru ! 

" * Gempitar AMam ! 

" • Sarajah (? Si Raja) Malek T 

" All that I can find out about Toh Mentala (here called Toh 
*' Petala Guru) is that he was the all-powerful Spirit who took 
" the place of Allah before the advent of Mohammedanism ; a 
** spirit so powerful that he could restore the dead to life and to 
" whom all prayers were addressd. This name is said to be still 

** preserved among the geniune Orang Laut The old 

^ customs are fast dying out, and very few Malays I have met 
** now know the names of the four deities Tor demons) given 
" above." 

A note is appended to the word : " Toh Mentala guru :** 
** These four titles are said to refer to four different deities but 
" I see no reason why the next two should not be merely epi- 
" theta of Toh Mentala."* 

" Batara Guru,** or " Sang-yang Guru " is the name by 
which Siva is known to his worshippers who constitute the vast 
majority of the Balinese, and who probably constituted the bulk 
of the old Javanese. About his identity with the " P^tSra Gu- 
ru ** of the Mayong invocation, and with the ** Petala Guru " or 
** Mentala Guru '* of the Pawang*s appeal, there can be very 
Uttle doubt. I would suggest the following version of the 
latter: 

** To • Batara Guru ! 

"Sang-raja Guru! 

*' QSmjMtar alam I 

'* Sang-raja malik ! . 
The four lines refer to the same deity ; '* Malik ** being merely 
the Arabic for '* King ** and not a proper name. 

Malay theatrical performances and dances owe so much to 
Javanese influence that it would be dangerous to infer from a 
Mayong invocation that Batara Guru was necessarily known to 
the pre-Mohammedan Malays. Nevertheless it is possible enough 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



309 



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that they were of the same religion as their neighbours the Ja- *, 

vanese. The formula uttered by the Pawang goes far to show \fi 

this ; and I concur with Mr. Skeat in expressing a hope that ij 

something will be done to rescue these fragments of old Malav !^ 

folklore from the desti-uciion with which they are threatened. f 

Batara Guru plays a considerable part in Malay literature, > 

but as that literature is so often merely translated from the Ja- ^ 

vanese, no conclusion ran i<afely be drawn from it regarding the | 

ancient religion of the c*ountry. In the Hikayat Sang Samba § 

(the Malay version of the Hliaumakavya) Batara (luru appears as h 

a supreme God with Brahma and V^ishnu as subordinate |i 

deities. It is Batara Guru who alone has the water of life (ayer 
utama (atama) jiwa) which brings the slaughtered heroes to life. 
TblK attribute corresponds closely with the account of " Mentala 
Guru** given by the pawang to Mr. Skeat 

The following pantuns given me by a comparatively illiterate 
Malay are of some interest in connection with this question of 
Batara Guru. I give the text as I received it, but it bears signs 
of being corrupt in parts: 

Anibil golok kupas kelapa, 

Pi^rah santan ambil pati ; 
Xaik ka gunong pi^rgi bertapa 

Menghadap Bcrahmana, maharaja SaktL 

PSrah santan ambil pati 

Rasih makan Dato* P^nghula ; 
lU^rapa di tanya ta-biar bSrmimpi 

Kapada Bi^rahmana Sang Raja Guru ! 

Bersanding di g^tft Raja Miflayn 

Bcrukir bunga tampok pSrada 
Berkata uleh Sang Raja Guru - j } 

'*Galoh mcnjelma di manjapada !** 

The story goes on to relate how the Galoh (princess) whose 
name is given as Galoh Chandra Kirana is transformed by 
Batara Kala into a man and how her lietrothed, Panji Misa 
KSlana wandeni distractedly in search of her with the poor - 
consolation. . /^^ " T ' 

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'^;^ V/v 310 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

; :^\ :'- 'i V Raut raut daun kSlapa 

Hendak dibuat lidi pcnyapu; 
i y'/' Tujoh tahun sudah bertapa, 

^. - '^-\*'.. KdmQdian chari buleh bCrti'nui. - 

' - '- * t * 

'': *./ -v Ultimately the lovers ai-o I'eunited. The references in these 

*- ' ;;•• pantuns will easily be understood by those acquainted wiih the 

:* - * '^ V. leading incident"^ in the "Panji Cyclus" of tales-(v. Essays relat- 

] *;C ing to Indo-China, Second Series, Vol. ii. p. 40) It is note- 

Vr'^ V^ worthy however that Hatara Guru is identiOed in the pantuns 

; "\.;Vi> with '^Berhmana.*" "Brahma" is usually "UCrma** or "Berma 

^ ><- Sakti ; " and the author of the pantun appears to have been a 

compaititively modem Malay who attempted to improve on the 

old legend which did not explicitly state who Batara Guru was. 

Another point of interest is the expression "Batara" or 

** Sang-yang** which is prefixed to " Guru. " " Yang,** of course, 

is not ** yang," who, — but *' Yang," a deity (compare Sembah- 

yang, ka-yang-an.) " Sang-yang" is never (in Malay literature, 

so far as I am acquainted with it) applied to any demi-god or 

inferior deity. Thus we have " Sang-yang Guru,'* " Sang-yang 

Bisnu/* but never " Sangyang Hanuman,** or " Sang-yang 

Derraadewa." These inferior divinities are merely "Sang,** 

. • ' . (e. g. Sang Derraadewa, Sang Samba, Sang Sn nanuman)---a 

\ • honorific also applied to niortals, e. ^., Sang Sapurba, Sang Ran- 

> ; . .' juna Tapa ; and even to animals in fables, e.g., San^ Kancbil, Sang 

Tikus. ITie expression " l!atara * is also iimitea to the greater 

Hindu divinities (except when used as a royal title), «. ^., 

Batara Guru, Batara Kala, Batara Indra, Batara Bisnu, etc. 

Thus the expressions '.' Sang-yang " and " Batara, are fairly coin- 

^ -^ "-^ . cident in their application. Hut there are a few deities of whom 



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the honorific "Sang-yang" is used but not "Batara," e.^., 
" Sang-yang Tunggal," the only God, " Sang-yang Sokma," etc. 
Thus "Batara" would seem to be limited in use to the actual 
names of Hindu deities as distinct from epithets descriUng those 
deities. " Batara Guru " would seem to be an exception — the 
:;;.•..' only one — to this rule and to point to the fact the original 

I i/ :' [•■ meaning of " Guru " had been lost sight of and that the expression 

\ '{ ;' \ had come to be regarded only as a proper name 

i ^ \ .. ; In the " Sila-dilah Raja-raja di tanah^ .^l^w^^ (v. Indo-China 

['^ '". 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



311 



Kssa>'8, Series II, vol. ii. p. 20) an extraordiuary geiiealog-y is 
jriven representing Adam as the father of Seth, Seth of ** Nur- 
chaya," Niirchaya of Sang-yang Wcnang Sang-yang VV^ang 
of ."^ang-yang Tunggal, Sang-yaiig Tun^gal of Guru, and Guru 
of Sangyang Sambu, Bci-ahma, Mahadewa, Hisnu, and Dewi S^ri 
It is impos^iible to do much with this genealogy except to notice 
that " Guru *' is treated as distinct from the ** Mahadewa,** another 
name for Siva. Thus Guru is represented as the father of the 
llindu Trinity, and also of Sambu (whom I cannot identify) and 
Scri, who is the Hindu Sri, the goddess of grain and Uierefore 
a deity of immense importance to the old Javanese and Malays' 
^'Sri** is the goddess invoked in another invocation in the 
Selangor Journal article of the 22nd February, 1805; where 
the Pawang addresses the padi : 

** Lagi di dalam Shurga 
'* lieniama buah khaldi (?) 
'* Sanipai ka-dunya bemaroa 
" Buah Seri, tcnyang Scri.** 

** Janu^an rosak jangan binasakau 
" Huah S5ri, U^nyang Srri.- 

To this passage Mr. Skeat adds a note: "The Stlri fruit 
** may mean the blessed fruit (in the ordinary sense of Scri or Sri) 
'*ana be given as a euphonious title to padi, but it reminds one 
" strangely of * Ceres,' the goddess of grain* " 

A J. IK. 

Calanthe vestita Lindl. in Selangor. 

This well-known and popular orrjiid has rather a rcmark- 
al»le distribution, Inking found in Tenasserim and l^rneo, and it 
might well be expt'cted to occur somewhere in the intermediate 
region, especially in limestone districts. It does not occur, so j 

far as is known in the Tjankawi islands, where it might have | 

been expected, being replaced there by the pretty C, rtUtttu j 

Rid]., but I found a single plant in a crevice in a tree on the 
top df die limestone rocks at the Kuala Lumpur caves (Goa 
batu). It was in perfect flower in December, and was a very , 

fine form. The upper part of tliese ix>cks is in many places ^ r 

quite inaccessible, and indeed it is in but few places one can gettized by V^OOQlC 



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, >:'; 312 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

•-••;.. to the top. The flora there is very different from aoythiog we 

;/, have eveu at the lower part of the cliffs, and iu many respects 

'v-* \ i^ Hinilar to that of the limestone rocks of the liankawi islands. 

// In recording this dis<*overy of a connecting link between 

_'■*- : " two regions so far apart as Tenasserim and Borneo, I may men- 

:'. 'r^ tion another, viz. that of Dtndtobium keterocarpum Wall, 

: V : (^ €iureum Lhidl.) which was known to occur in India (Nepal, 

. ''^ Assam, Malabar and Ceylon), in Java, and the Philippine islands, 

;,; ri; *nd which has recently been found by Mr. A. B.Stephens in 
Perak, on the Thaiping hills. 

;V >•] - . H. N. R. 

ji |l Boriah. 

y I. !% In part II. of Cliffoitl and SwettenhamV Malay-Eng- 

.•'* ,' lish Dictionary, under the head of BOHIAH, I find Boriah^ 

•'. * K ' A,j^ A top«ca] song. Bdcha horiah ^ 4*^ To sing a 

topical song. 



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;'. I No derivation of the word is given. The use of the word 

.1 ;i^ ' is chiefly confined to the pantomimes or mimic plays which are 

\ j acted by Malays in Penang Town during the month of Muharam. 

It is of Persian origin, according to Forl)es, and means a " mat** 

.V •'. in Hindustani. The following account of the word which I have 

received from an Indian in Penang will tlu-ow some light on the 

subject, as I believe, fanciful derivations of the word have been 

suggested. 

' . I' • ** The plain meaning of the word Boriah in the Hindustani 

' > *' and Peccan language is a place of prayer (praying carpet), atid 

\ [ '• '* hi Malay they call it 7VZ-cfr(a mat). Formerly hi the year 1845, 

. r, 1 I *' the 2l8t Regiment was transferred from Madras to Penang. Tlie 

'ij «* Muhammedans of the Regiment used to be given ten dayr leave 

. I' •* in the month of Muharram for the pui-pose of mourning for 

■'^' '* the grandsons of tlie prophet. These military men us^ to 

<*form parties and sing songs of mourning. For instance, 

<* representing four persons, Nanak Shah, Jogi Mainun, Balva 

^ «* Ghaghri, and. Boria, they used to drens up in clothes made of 

«< mats and mourn for Uusain, and used to recite the following 

ji "peoeo poetry— Digitized by GoOqIc 



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N0TE8 AND QURRISa 



313 



" Bona the best of its kind ; 
*' Boria everywhere in the world ; 
** Bona the beautiful (was) seen ; 
*< Sacred and pure Boria. 

*' In the countries of Madras 
" The Boria b made of grass ; 
'< Fences are made with bamboo ; 
" Bona is green in colour, etc., etc. 

"But in Penang the name of Boria is from the 21st 
"Regiment, and has become celebrated. Now-a-dajs the 
" Malays have given their own different names to it, but they 
" call all of them Boria for the purpose of asking charity for 
** them. In Madras wherever the Regiment is the Boria play 
•• is performed. " 

H. T. Houghton. 



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