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Full text of "List of rare, threatened and endemic plants in Europe (1982 edition)"

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COUNCIL 
OF EUROPE 



CONSEIL 
DE L'EUROPE 



List of rare, threatened 
and endemic plants in Europe 



(1982 edition) 




NATURE AND ENVIHONMENT SERIES 
No. 27 




Strasbourg 
1983 



«■ 



* • 



Worid Conssnr-aiion Monitoring CerjS^ 



COUNCIL '; ; conseil 

OF EUROPE •^^ DE L'EUROPE 



List of rare, threatened 
and endemic plants in Europe 

(1982 edition) 



by the 

Threatened Plants Unit 

(lUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre) 

Kew, United Kingdom 



EUROPEAN COiVIIVIITTEE FOR THE CONSERVATION 
OF NATURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES 



STRASBOURG 
1983 



This work has been published in French under the title : 

Liste des plantes rares, menacdes et enddmiques en Europe (edition 1982) 

ISBN 92-871-0213-9 



Strasbourg, Council of Europe, Publications Section 
ISBN 92-871-0214-7 

(C) Copyright, Council of Europe, Strasbourg 1983 
Printed in France 



NATURE AND ENVIRONMENT SERIES 

1. Aspects of forest management, 1968 

2. Freshwater, 1968 

3. Animals in danger, 1969 

4. A handbool< for local authorities, 1971 

5. Soil conservation, 1972 

6. Endangered Alpine regions and disaster prevention measures, 1974 

7. Air pollution — manual of experiments, 1975 

8. Evolution and conservation of hedgerow landscapes in Europe, 1975 

9. The integrated management of the European wildlife heritage, 1975 

10. Threatened mammals in Europe, 1976 

11. The effects of recreation on the ecology of natural landscapes, 1976 

12. Heathlands of western Europe, 1976 

13. The degradation of the Mediterranean maquis, 1977 
(published jointly with UNESCO) 

14. List of rare, threatened and endemic plants in Europe, 1977 

15. Threatened amphibians and reptiles in Europe, 1978 

16. Vegetation map (scale 1 : 3 000 000) of the Council of Europe member states, 1979 

17. Model outline environmental impact statement from the standpoint of integrated management or 
planning of the natural environment, 1980 

18. Threatened freshwater fish in Europe, 1980 

19. European peatlands, 1980 

20. Behaviour of the public in protected areas, 1981 

21. Dry grasslands of Europe, 1981 

22. Alluvial forests of Europe, 1981 

23. Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) in Europe, 1981 

24. Birds in need of special protection in Europe, 1981 

25. Inventory and classification of marine benthic biocenoses of the Mediterranean, 1982 

26. Town Farms, 1982 

27. List of rare, threatened and endemic plants in Europe (1982 edition), 1983 



The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the 
Council of Europe. 



Digitized by tine Internet Archive 
in 2010 witii funding from 
UNEP-WCIVIC, Cambridge 



http://www.archive.org/details/listofrarethreat83iucn 



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CONTENTS 

page 

List of Contributors and Correspondents 5 

Acknowledgements 8 

1 . Introduction 9 

2. Geographical and Ecological Analysis and Discussion .. 15 

3. Digest of current Legislation 25 

4. Conclusions °' 

5. Definitions of the lUCN Red Data Categories 63 

6. Statistics on single country endemic species 64 

7. List of rare and threatened plants in Europe 65 

8. Country lists of endemic species (including non- 
threatened species) and non-endemic rare and threatened 
species ' ' *-* 

Albania 1 70 

Austria ' ^3 

Belgium ' ' ' 

Bulgaria '^S 

Czechoslovakia 1°3 

Denmark '86 

Faeroe Islands ' °7 

Finland 1^8 

France ' ^0 

Corsica '^6 

Federal Republic of Germany '98 

German Democratic Republic 200 

Greece 202 

Hungary 224 

Iceland 226 

Ireland 227 

Italy 228 

Sardinia 235 

Sicily 237 

Luxembourg 240 

Malta 241 

Netherlands 242 

Norway 243 

Poland 245 

Portugal 247 

Azores 251 

Madeira 254 

Romania 259 



4 - 



page 

Spain 264 

Balearic Islands 279 

Canary Islands 282 

Sweden 296 

Switzerland 298 

United Kingdom 300 

Channel Islands 302 

Gibraltar 303 

European USSR 304 

Yugoslavia 321 

9. Insufficiently known species still being considered .. 329 

10. Appendices 

Cyprus 334 

Turkey 338 



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Albania 
Austria 
Balearic Is . 

Belgium 
Bulgaria 
Czechoslovakia 
G.D.R . 

Denmark (incl. 
Faeroes ) 

F.R.G . 

Finland 

France 

France (Corsica) 



Greece 



Hungary 



Iceland 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS & CORRESPONDENTS 

Professor Dr. F. Markgraf, ZURICH 

Dr H. Niklfeld, VIENNA 

Dr J.E. Hernandez-Bermejo, CORDOBA 
Mrs L.F. Ferguson, KEW 

Dr A. Lawalree, MEISE 

Dr B. Kuzmanov, SOFIA 

Dr J. Holub PRUHONICE u PRAHA 

Professor H. Meusel, HALLE-WITTENBERG 
Dr S. Rauschert, HALLE 



Mr A. Hansen, COPENHAGEN 
Dr B. Lojtnant, RISSKOV 

Professor H. Sukopp, BERLJN 

Professor J. Jalas, HELSINKI 

M. G.G. Aymonin, PARIS 
Professor J.M. Gehu, BAILLEUL 

*tae M. Cbnrad, BASTIA 
Dr L. Olivier, HYERES 
M.R. de Vilmorin, ORSAY 

Dr J. Ackeroyd, READING 

Dr G. MavTommatis, ATHENS 
Dr. W. Greuter, GENEVA (Crete) 
Professor D. Phitos, PATRAS (Mainland) 
Professor H. Runemark, LUND (Islands) 
Dr S. Snogerup, LUND (Aegean) 
Professor W.T. Stearn, LONDON 
Professor A. Strid, COPENHAGEN (Mountains) 

Dr A. Borhidi, BUDAPEST 
Dr I. Csapody, SOPRON 

Dr E. Einarsson, REYKJAVIK 



Ireland 



Italy (incl. 
Sardinia 
and Sicily) 



Miss M. Scannell, DUBLIN 
Professor D.A. Webb, Dublin 



Professor S. Filipello, PAVIA (Coordinators, Gruppo 

di Lavaro per la Floristica, Societa Botanica Italiano) 

Mr G. Caniglia, PADOVA 

Professors B. Corrias and S. Diana-Corrias, SASSARI 

Professor F. Garbari, PISA 

Professor F. Peccenini Gardini, PAVIA 

Professor E. Martini, GENOVA 

Professor B. Peyronel, TORINO 

Professor M. Ricciardi, NAPLES 

Professor L. Poldini, TRIESTE 

Professor L. Veri, L'AQUILA 



6 - 



Luxembourg 
Malta 

Netherlands 
Norway 



Poland 



Portugal 



Romania 



Spaii 



Sweden 



Switzerland 



United Kingdom 



United Kingdom 
(Channel Islands) 



Dr Reichling, LUXEMBOURG 

Mr E. Lanfranco, MSIDA 

Dr J. Mennema, LEIDEN 

Dr R. Halvorsen, OSLO 

Dr M. Norderhaug, OSLO 

Professor R. Nordhagen, OSLO 

Dr J. Abrahamsen & Dr H.C. Gjerlaug, OSLO 

Dr A. Jasiewicz, KRAKOW 

Dr J. Malato-Beliz, ELVAS 

Dr G. Dihoru, BUCHAREST 

Professor C. Gomez-Campo, MADRID 
Dr J.E. Hernandez-Bermejo, CORDOBA 
Professor V.H. Heywood, READING 
Father M. Lainz, S.J., GIJON 
Professor S. Rivas-Martinez, MADRID 
Mr B.E. Smythies, MERSTHAM 

Dr B. Jonsell & Dr 0. Nilsson, UPPSALA (Project 

Linnaeus ) 

Professor Dr E. Landolt, ZURICH 

Miss L. Farrell, HUNTINGDON 
Dr F.H. Per ring, MONKSWOOD 

Dr D. McClintock, SEVENOAKS 



U.S.S.R. 



( European ) 



Yugoslavia 



Waterplants 



Dr E.E. Gogina, MOSCCM 

Professor A.L. Takhtajan, LENINGRAD 

Dr V.I. Chopik, KIEV 

Dr S.K. Czerepanov, LENINGRAD 

Professor P.L. Gorchakovski j , SVERDLOVSK 

Dr I. Kryukova, YALTA 

Professor N.A. Minyaev, LENINGRAD 

Dr V.N. Tikhomirov, MOSCOW 

Dr H. Trass, TARTU 

Professor Dr L. Godicl, MARIBOR 
Professor Dr E. Mayer, LJUBLJANA 
Dr S. Peterlin, LJUBLJANA 

Professor C.D.K. Cook, ZURICH 



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We would also like to thank the following for their constructive help: 



Mr B. Alden 

Sir Colville Barclay Bt. 
Professor Baudiere 
M. Blanchet 

Professor J. P.M. Brenan 
Mr CD. Brickell 
Broussalis 
K. Brummitt 

D. Chater 
Contre 

E. Coombe 
Cullen 
Da Unas 

H. Davis 
Deleuil 
Professor P. Dupont 
Mr L. Enstrand 
C. Grey Wilson 
L. Gustavsson 
S.M. Haslam 
R.B. Ivimey-Cook 



Mr P 
Dr R 
Mr A 
M.E. 
Dr D 
Dr J 
Mr R 
Dr P 
M«G • 



Mr 

Mr 
Dr 
Dr 



Mr K. Jones 



M. J.-Y. Lesouef 

Professor J.E. Loiseau 

Mr B. Mathew 

Mr D. McClintock 

Mr R.D. Meikle 

Mrs D. Persson 

Dr J. Persson 

Dr A.R. Pinto da Silva 

M.H. Poinsot 

Dr A. Polatschek 

Mr I.B.K. Richardson 

Dr E.M. Rix 

Dr H. Sainz-Ollero 

Miss D. Scott 

Mr P.D. Sell 

Dr 8. Snogerup 

Professor A. Strid 

Professor R. Tomaselli 

Professor T.G. Tutin 

Dr S.M. Walters 

Mrs L.M. Walters 

Mr Granel de Solignac 



The Threatened Plants Committee would like to express its warmest thanks to 
all the specialists who have contributed information towards this publication. 



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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

This second edition is the product of the TPC network of botanists and 
ecologists throughout Europe. However all this data has to be brought 
together, analysed and rechecked. This task was most meticulously done by 
Miss Christine Leon the co-ordinator of this project- The task was made 
possible and more easy by the methodical beginning she inherited from Mr 
Hugh Synge the compiler of the first edition. The meticulous typing and 
dedication of Mrs Margaret Beyer using the lUCN/WWF Conservation Monitoring 
Centre's Wang computer at Kew, has ensured the deceptively easy preparation of 
this report. To all members of the team and the correspondence network I 
offer my congratulations and thanks* 



G.Ll. L. 



9 - 



1. I NTRODUCTION 

In December 1974, the Council of Europe's European Committee for the 
Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources entrusted the compilation of a 
list of rare and threatened plants to the lUCN Threatened Plants Committee 
Secretariat at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. By 1976 an initial version of 
this list had been completed and in 1977 a more refined version was published 
by the Council of Europe. The report listed over 1500 native plant taxa 
threatened throughout their entire European range. Europe contains around 
11,000 plant species (Webb, 1978), so almost one in every seven plant species, 
at that time, was threatened throughout the continent. The report also 
included the Council of Europe's 'Resolution on the Conservation of Rare and 
Threatened Plants in Europe', the full text of which is also presented here. 
Soon after the publication of the 1977 List, a spate of national Red Data 
Books were published, suggesting a growing awareness and concern throughout 
the continent for the protection of Europe's dwindling flora. (Full citations 
are given in the references). Furthermore, the Berne Convention on the 
Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats was opened for 
signature in 1979; the lUCN list had provided a crucial input and formed the 
basis of Appendix 1. Since then, the Council of Europe has requested that the 
List be revised. This has been done by Miss Christine Leon working in the TPC 
which is now known as the Threatened Plants Unit of lUCN's Conservation 
Monitoring Centre has co-ordinated this task.. This report is the result. 

Only with the continued support and invaluable expertise of botanists from 
each country has it been possible to coordinate the huge task of revising this 
List. Their help has enabled Miss Leon to maintain and keep up-to-date all 
records, now computerised, relating to the status of each threatened plant 
species in Europe. More than five years has elapsed since the data for the 
1977 List were first collected, and changes since then in the status of many 
species in the flora are to be expected. To prevent the revision becoming an 
operation based only upon new but piecemeal information received over the last 
five years, it was decided to send the individual country lists of threatened 
plants to correspondents, asking them to re-consider the status of each taxon 
listed, based upon their own field knowledge of the species, and furthermore 
to add any other species that should now be included. All species threatened 
in only part of their European range were also re-examined in a similar way. 
Only thus could the accuracy of the revised data presented here be ensured. 
This task was undertaken during 1981-82, all comments and criticisms have been 
incorporated into the List. 

The response we have had from our botanical network has been very pleasing and 
we would like to thank all those botanists and institutions that have 
participated. In particular we would like to thank colleagues in the 
following countries for their detailed comments: Bulgaria, Denmark, Federal 
Republic of Germany, German Democratic Republic, Greece, Iceland, Netherlands, 
Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K., Yugoslavia and the 
U.S.S.R. (EXiropean ) . This revision has naturally resulted in a considerable 
number of changes in the form of additions, deletions and modifications to the 
conservation categories and in some instances to the taxonomy. It is clear 
that the populations of some species have indeed recovered, while others have 
continued to decline further, often as a result of continued habitat 
interference. The very small number of species which have been upgraded to a 



10 



less threatened category (e.g. 'E' to ' V , or 'V to 'R' ) is particularly 
worrying since this clearly indicates that conservation measures are not being 
sufficiently effective in the field. A quantitative analysis of these changes 
in conservation categories since 1977 has not been possible because of the 
many deletions and additions to the List from taxonomic changes. Two 
irrportant figures however that can be extrapolated are the considerable 
increase in numbers of 'Endangered' and 'Vulnerable' species at a continental 
level. The 1977 edition listed 107 species as 'Endangered', compared to 137 
in the present report and 216 if Macaronesia is included. As regards the 
'Vulnerable' species, 227 were recorded in 1977, while the figure in this 
report totals 344 excluding Macaronesia, and 400 including it. Furthermore no 
taxa have been excluded from this revision as a direct consequence of 
effective implementation of protective measures I This astounding fact does 
however overlook those protective measures only recently enforced since the 
time-lag between enforcement and recovery in the threatened populations is 
often considerable. The removal of an individual species from a threatened 
category to the 'Out of Danger' or '0' category occurs only when it is certain 
that the plant concerned is no longer under any threat whatsoever, and these 
situations are indeed uncommon. 

Although brief, these findings clearly indicate that the problems of plant 
species conservation in the habitat have yet to be overcome. The recent plant 
protection laws and the boom in national Red Data Book publications certainly 
bodes well for the future protection of the flora and provides the potential 
for constructive conservation thinking and action, but ultimately it is up to 
government and non-governmental organisations to ensure that follow-up action 
in the habitat is undertaken as speedily as possible. 

Compilation of the Data. 

The aim throughout this project has been to obtain up-to-date and revised 
information on the status of the populations in the field of the taxa 
concerned. 

As before, the project covers all of Europe with the exception of Cyprus and 
Turkey. Floristically Cyprus and Turkey as a whole are not considered part of 
Europe, but since both states are members of the Council of Europe, lists of 
endemic species are given as Appendices. For the former the list is taken 
from the 'Flora of Cyprus' Volume 1, by R.D. Meikle (Kew, 1977) and the 'List 
of the Vascular Plants of Cyprus' by B.F. Osorio-Tafall and 

G.M. Seraphim (Nicosia, 1973). Since 1977 data on the conservation status of 
individual species on the Cyprus list have been collected with the help of 
R.D. Meikle (Kew, 1977). For Turkey, including its extra-European area, the 
list is taken from Volumes 1-6 of the 'Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean 
Islands' by P.H. Davis (Edinburgh, 1965-1978); since 2 further volumes of 
this Flora are planned, the Turkish section is incomplete, only covering the 
ferns and dicotyledons up to the Scrophulariaceae. No data on the 
conservation status of individual species is yet available for Turkey, the 
list being particularly long, reflecting the exceptional richness of the 
flora; it is clear that determining which of these species are rare and 
threatened will be a very lengthy task. The only major geographical 
difference in the countries included in this edition is the inclusion of 
Macronesia (Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands), at the specific request 



- 11 - 



of the countries concerned and the Council of Europe's Ad-hoc Group. The 
floras consulted include 'Flora of Macaronesia ; Checklist of Vascular Plants' 
by O. Eriksson et al . and the 'Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the 
Archipelago of Madeira' by A. Hansen. 

It cannot be too strongly emphasised that this report, like the previous one, 
refers only to species rare or threatened on a continental (European) scale 
and not to species threatened only nationally. The list uses the Red Data 
Categories of lUCN as a base throughout. Some of these have been revised and 
clarified since 1977. They are defined on page (1). 



The aim of the project has been to cover all the ferns and flowering plants 
that are native to Europe, although for taxonomic reasons the genera 
Alchemilla , Hieracium , Rosa , Rubus , Sorbus and Taraxacum have been excluded, 
as has been the Ranunculus auricomus group. The botanical basis for the List 
is Flora Europaea (ed. V.H. Heywood and others, Cambridge University Press, 
1964-1980); a most welcome development has been the completion of this 
invaluable flora, with the publication in 1980 of the final and fifth volume 
covers the monocotyledons. Screening this final volume has enabled the Unit 
to present a more comprehensive list, since many of the national floras are 
still incomplete themselves and in some cases absent altogether. This is 
especially true for many_ of the countries bordering the Mediterranean. With 
the completion of Flora Europaea it has therefore been possible to screen all 
the taxa missing from the previous list, including the larger monocotyledonous 
genera such as Allium , Colchicum , Festuca and Ornithogalum . As a general rule 
subspecies have only been added to the list where they are of special 
interest, but this criterion has not been rigidly observed. 

All species that were considered likely to be threatened have been screened 
for inclusion, with the aim of making the List as comprehensive as possible. 
A total of around 6,000 species to date have been considered and found to be 
not threatened. The starting point for the project back in 1975 was the 
'Index to Rare Endemic Vascular Plants of Europe (IREP) ' initiated in 1971 by 
S.M. Walters (see Boissiera 19: 87-89). The scheme listed all species 
confined to Europe with a particularly restricted distribution, e.g. species 
endemic to one or two countries, or to a mountain range. In addition to the 
IREP species, all taxa only occurring in one European country but not confined 
to the continent have been screened; all the waterplants, since their habitats 
are particularly endangered; and country lists of nationally rare or 
threatened species have also been examined. The large fall in the number of 
'Insufficiently Known' species is particularly pleasing, from 1003 in the 
previous List to 620 in the present one. This has largely been attributable 
to the most helpful comments received from our botanical network, but also to 
the much improved availability of literature on European threatened plants 
especially national Red Data Books as mentioned above. Section 9 lists those 
species whose status is still uncertain. Some of them are difficult species 



(1) A revised explanatory booklet on their application, with examples, is 
available from the TPU, (lUCN) c/o Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, 
Surrey TW9 3AE. 



- 12 - 



whose exact delimination is uncertain and so it may not prove possible to 
apply conservation categories within the foreseeable future. However, this 
probably applies to only a small percentage. Comments about any of these 
plants will be particularly welcomed. 

The difficulties described in the 1977 report of obtaining an accurate list 
for Greece have been largely overcome in this revision thanks to the 
co-operation of many of our experts on the Greek flora. As a result, the 
Greek list has received perhaps the most thorough revision of all the 
countries in this volume. The problem, in obtaining any species information 
since 1939 for Albania, does however persist, but since the majority of the 
endemic species occur on mountains, it may be that few are likely to become 
greatly depleted. 

As in the first edition the 'Flora Europaea ' geographical divisions have been 
followed, except where political divisions have provided a further subdivision 
so clarifying the national responsibility for conservation measures. The 
present report continues to include the Aegean Islands in the section on 
Greece, this area not being covered by Flora Europaea. The records for 
mainland Italy and Sicily have now been separated. 

One problem not fully resolved is that of species rare or threatened in 
Europe, but not threatened elsewhere. The wish of the Council of Europe has 
been that the list be continentally rather than globally based. Thus a number 
of very widespread species that just reach Europe but are not threatened in 
the major part of their range are included. The two rather common tropical 
fern species Psllotum nudum and Pteris dentata , which occur in extremely few 
localities in Europe, are good examples. However, for many less widespread 
species that occur outside the continent, e.g. those confined to Spain and 
North Africa, or to the Aegean Islands and Turkey, their conservation status 
for the non-European part of their range is not known. On the other hand 
there are a number of wetland and aquatic species such as Trapa natans and 
Aldrovanda vesiculosa which are both widespread and severely threatened In 
Europe, but which cannot be considered threatened on a world scale. Applying 
Fed Data Categories on a continental scale to species such as these has not 
been easy and some species considered here as 'Vulnerable' may be on the 
borderline of 'not threatened' in one or two European countries, even thou^ 
they are obviously under severe threat In most of the others. This does not 
make their conservation any the less vital. 

The division of the List into 3 sections has been maintained. As before the 
first section gives the full list of rare and threatened plants of Europe. 
For each species is given the distribution by countries in Europe, together 
with both the continental and world Red Data Categories. For species in more 
than one European country the national categories, where known, are given in 
brackets after the name of each country. However, it must be borne in mind 
that the continental category is not solely based on the national categories 
given, but also takes into account the opinions of other specialists, in 
particular those who have studied certain genera or the plants of certain 
habitats. In other cases we have received national data using criteria far 
different from those of lUCN. 

Where only a single country-name is given the country category Is not included 
in brackets, but it can be assumed that it is the same as the European 
category unless otherwise stated. 



- 13 - 



Perhaps one of the more fundamental modifications to the List, at the request 
of the Council of Europe's Ad-hoc Group, has been the arrangement of all taxa 
alphabetically by family rather than by genus. Pteridophyta , Coniferae and 
Angiospermae are also separated. This is now in accordance with most other 
major lists of threatened plants. 

The second part of the list is the country sections, each of which consists of 
a list of species endemic to that country, whether or not rare or threatened, 
and a list of non-endemic rare and threatened species, with both the national 
and continental categories for each. The third section is the list of 
non-endemic species in the Insufficiently Known category; these are still 
being considered as candidates for the list. We hope that special attention 
will continue to be concentrated on them in the future. 

The lists are preceded by a brief text, of which the first part is an 
ecological and geographical analysis of the data. This can only be considered 
as subjective and provisional; however more detailed projects relating 
threatened species to their habitats and threats have recently begun as part 
of the Qjuncil of Europe's 'Ecological Action Plan for Conservation in Western 
Europe' (sxamnarised in TPC's Newsletter No. 8, 1981). It is hoped that the 
results of these projects will enable more meaningful analyses to be made in 
the near future for application in both conservation policy making and 
practical consei-vation activities throughout Europe. 

This section is followed by an analysis of the existing legislation as it 
affects plants. With an encouraging number of newly enacted plant protection 
laws and re-inf orcements in many countries, it was considered necessary to 
review once more in detail the present state of European plant legislation. 
Since 1977 new or strengthened plant protection laws have been enacted in the 
following countries: Federal Republic of Germany, France, Greece, Ireland and 
the United Kingdom. As a result a large proportion of the species listed in 
this report now enjoy some form of legal protection from picking and uprooting 
and this is a major step forward in the field of plant conservation. The next 
major step is to enforce these laws, which unfortunately is not easy. It is 
now up to governments to ensure that these regulations are brought into 
effect. Growing concern for species protection across the continent at a 
political level is however becoming increasingly apparent. This belief is 
reinforced in the recent ratifications of the Berne Convention which came into 
force on 1st June 1982. Of the 19 countries that signed the Convention in 
1979, eight have now ratified, and more are in the process of doing so. This 
recent action is particularly significant since this Convention has the 
potential to ensure at least some form of protection for the whole BSaropean 
flora including the habitats, in addition to ensuring complete protection for 
the 119 critically threatened plant species listed in Appendix 1. We look 
forward to the implementation of the relevant plant conservation clauses, in 
particular Articles 4 and 5 concerning the protection of both habitats and 
plant species, in the near future and in as many countries as possible. 

The last section, the Conclusions, is the Resolution adopted by the Committee 
of Ministers of the Council of Europe. In particular it emphasises the 
importance of legislation, of the need for nature reserves and of education. 
Botanic gardens, both state and local, private, university and public, have an 
important role to play in these tasks, in particular in stimulating 



- 14 - 



conservation in the wild and in educating the public. Their expertise in 
cultivation can and should be used to propagate, on a suitable scale. 
Endangered, Rare and other threatened species so that stocks are available for 
re -introductions and for increasing stocks in appropriate reserves. They 
should also be used to provide the material for research and as nuclear stocks 
for horticulture, so as to relieve the pressure on wild populations. 

In 1979, the TPC began a scheme known as the Botanic Gardens Conservation 
Coordinating Body (BGCCB), whose task it was to encourage such activities. 
The success of the scheme in encouraging gardens to participate in 
conservation activities has resulted in the membership of about 130 botanic 
gardens, of which over 50 are in Europe. Through their helpful collaboration, 
we have determined that at least 529 threatened E^lropean plant species are in 
cultivation. 

Once more we would like to take this opportunity to thank all departments and 
individual workers approached during both this revision and the original 
edition. Their continual and unselfish cooperation indicates that the further 
collaboration necessary for research into more fundamental studies of the 
habitat, autecology and population biology of each taxon is possible if 
appropriate encouragement and funds are forthcoming from government, to ensure 
at least those species indigenous to any particular country are safe-guarded. 
We have already seen some of the results of international cooperation at 
national level since 1977 in the form of published Red Data Books and species 
protection laws and we congratulate all countries involved. We hope that this 
revised volume strongly underlines the still urgent need for practical survey 
work and subsequent reserve establishment and that it will continue to 
stimulate further conservation awareness and practical activities throughout 
Europe. 

In conclusion may we point out that the credit for this project, if any is 
due, should lie not with ourselves but with the numerous correspondents who 
have replied with such thoroughness to our detailed and invariably lengthy 
enquiries. All are busy men and women and we are indeed most grateful for the 
time they have given up to the second phase of this project. We would like to 
express our warmest thanks and say what a great pleasure it has been to have 
their collaboration. 

G.Ll. Lucas 
Secretary TPU/IUCN 



- 15 - 



2. G EOGRAPHICAL AND ECOLOGICAL ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION 

The analysis given below has recieved only small modifications in this second 
edition, since it was felt that the changes made in the species content of the 
present report would have a negligible effect on the kind of geographical and 
ecological analysis needed. The text below therefore discusses the main 
ecological trends that can be extrapolated from the species data, and attempts 
to correlate these with the habitats of and the threates to the species 
concerned. An in depth analysis of habitats and threats would be premature 
here since a more complex and detailed programme to investigate these has 
recently begun as a further development of the Council of Europe's 
conservation activities. 

1. No sophisticated analysis is needed to make the most important 
generalisation that the narrowly endemic species are overwhelmingly 
concentrated in the countries of southern Europe bordering on the 
Mediterranean. Moreover, these countries also possess the richest floras 
judged by the total number of species, whether endemic or not. Since there is 
the obvious complication, when comparing the data compiled on a national 
basis, that the countries vary greatly in size, it is necessary to compare 
number of endemic taxa (or rare and threatened species as a whole) per unit 
area. The rough figures for 5 countries reveal the enormous contrast between 
northern and southern Europe in this respect. 

Country Size (sq. Number of Niomber per 

kms) endemic 10,000 sq. 

species kms 



Belgivim 


30,512 












United Kingdom 


244,754 






15 


1.6 


France 


549,619 






64 




Spain 


504,745 






500 




Greece (inc ludi ng 


131,955 






749 






(including 


Crete 








& Aegea 


n 


Is. ) 







Narrowly endemic species comprise the largest section of the list and must be 
the primary concern of any programme of floristic conservation. Single 
country endemics have been given some priority in this project as these 
comprise the largest proportion of species threatened on both a continental 
and a global scale. It is especially vital for each country to conserve the 
threatened species that are confined to within their boundaries and each 
country may be considered as responsible to the rest of the world for the 
continued wellbeing and survival of such plants. 

Thus it becomes clear that the greatest proportion of effort should go into 
safeguarding the habitats in the countries of southern Europe where the 
majority of species occur. The social, political and economic implications of 
this are, of course, considerable, and it is hoped that the data assembled 



- 16 



will be considered in this light by the countries concerned. The list should 
be used as an input to future planning and decisions over land use, so as to 
safeguard species against needless extinction due to lack of forethought or 
information. It is hoped also that the local botanists and the regional 
groupings to which they belong, such as OPTIMA, the Organisation for the 
Phyto-'axonomic Investigation of the Mediterraneanin Area, will be able to play 
an important role in these tasks. 

2. A most welcome advance that has recently taken place within the Council of 
Europe's conservation programme has been the consideration of a standard 
habitat classification to be applied to all habitats from the Arctic to the 
Mediterranean. A finalised system has not yet been decided upon but it is 
hoped in the near future that this will provide a useful framework for 
analysing plant speices and their habitats. It is however still possible to 
make a few general comments here. 

The majority of the extremely local, endemic species in southern Europe are 
chasmophytes (plants adapted to growing on cliffs or steep rocky surfaces) or 
mountain plants, if not both, whose habitats are not in general so urgently or 
widely threatened by destruction or by pollution as are the less specialised 
lowland habitats (Walters, 1976.) This applies to the endemics on both the 
larger islands of the Mediterranean, e.g. Crete and Corsica, and to the 
continent itself. When the population size of such a species is low and the 
area of distribution very small, 'Rare' is the category used in the report, 
provided the species is not in immediate danger or declining. It is simply at 
risk due to its low population which could be obliterated by a landslide or a 
rapacious collector. This is perhaps best illustrated by an exan^le : 
cyclamen mirabile is only known at present from the vilayet of Mugla and 
Isparta in southern Turkey and was not thought to be particularly in danger so 
would have been classified as 'Pare'. However, 50,000 corms were offered for 
sale, dug up by local collectors in error for C» neapolitanum , a widespread 
and much cultivated species. No one could have predicted this unlikely fate 
but it happened. The keynote of the 'Rare' species is that they may not need 
active protection but that they do need monitoring to ensure that no threats 
become imminent, and it is for this reason that they are included on the list. 

Saxifraga bitemata is typical of many 'Rare' species on the European list. 
It occurs on 2 mountainous localities in southern Spain. At one of these it 
is especially at risk from visitors who use the area as a picnic spot, but 
there are no reports of its population becoming greatly depleted at present. 
A similar case would be Silene viscariopsis which is known only from the locus 
classicus and two small adjacent areas in south Yugoslavia. Several Aegean 
species, e.g. Erysimum rechingeri from Limnos, only occur on a few coastal 
cliffs difficult of access on one island; those that are reasonably abundant 
in the locality are also typical examples of 'Rare' species. 

When a species has so low a population (e.g. less than 100 individuals) that a 
breeding collapse becomes possible, it is usually listed as 'Endangered'. The 
very interesting Romanian endemic, Andryala levitcmentosa , from the eastern 
Carpathians, is an example of such a species - it is only known from 3 
patches, each of 30 sg.m. , on a single mountain. Fortunately, relatively few 
species are listed as 'Endangered'. The total number is 178 species of which 
107 are single country endemics. 



- 17 - 



An example of a montane species under severe threat is Onosma tornensis 
('Vulnerable'), known from 4 localities in Czechoslovakia and Hungary. 
Previously it was threatened from intensive grazing by sheep and pigs, but a 
greater danger has arisen in the construction of a large cement works close to 
all the localities. One of the sites is definitely threatened by intensive 
quarrying of limestone and at another site the species has not been confirmed 
for about 40 years. A more unusual case is that of Silene diclinis , a 
dioecious annual known from one montane locality in Spain, where in 1974 it 
was reduced to about 500 individuals with little signs of regeneration. Its 
survival is due to its association with the agricultural system prevailing in 
the locality, a system which is very different from that of the surrounding 
neighbourhood and which may eventually be abandoned (Prentice, 1976.) Because 
of this dependence on man-made methods for survival, its low population size 
and its dioecious habit, it is classed as 'Vulnerable' rather than 'Rare'. 

Most of the Mediterranean coastal species are not narrowly endemic and many 
occur in N. Africa as well as in Europe. Thus the number of endemics in 
coastal or lowland communities (other than cliff plants ) is much less than 
those in montane communities. These species tend to fall into the 
'Vulnerable' rather than the 'Rare' category, and this reflects the extensive 
threats to the coastal region in the Mediterranean as opposed to the montane 
areas. The T.imonium species are examples. Species growing in maritime sands 
or on coastal rocks are particularly threatened. An example would be Myosotis 
ruscinonensis which grew in grass on coastal sands on the French coast. It is 
now believed extinct. It was never known from more than one coastal locality, 
in an area which has been greatly affected by the tourist trade and much of 
which is now covered by buildings. A rather unusual example is the Cretan 
endemic date palm. Phoenix theophrasti , which forms a palm grove on the beach 
at Vai in the east of the island and which also occurs as scattered 
individuals in a few other coastal localities. The site at Vai is a major 
tourist attraction and it is clear that the palms are suffering badly from 
interference, in particular by cancers and hikers. In cases such as these 
action is urgently needed to ensure the plant's wellbeing and survival. 

3^. In contrast the majority of species on the List for the northern and 
industrialised countries are more widespread. Endemics are few and often not 
very distinct taxonomically, e.g. the Euphrasia species. Thus they may not 
have received the attention they have deserved in national conservation 
programmes. Many are threatened, e.g. Limonium recurvum from cliffs in Dorset 
(UK) and Cochlearia polonica , known only from about 5 ha. in Poland and 
threatened by a lowering of the water table caused by explolitation of sand 
nearby. It is hoped that the production of the List may help to correct this 
lack of attention. Nevertheless, these cases are few and the majority of 
plants on lists of nationally rare and threatened species are widely spread 
throughout the continent. The threats in these industrialised countries are 
much more numerous and severe than in southern Europe. 

However only a small proportion of nationally threatened species in northern 
European countries occur on the List here presented since the majority are 
abundant and clearly not threatened elsewhere in Europe. For these species, 
not internationally threatened, two different situations exist:- a number of 



- If 



species are at the edge of their range in such countries and would be rare 
even if there was no large scale interference. Examples of this for the 
United Kingdom would be Orchis militaris and Veronica spicata , both of which 
are legally protected. Conversely a few northern species are rare in the 
south. For example, Linnaea borealis , common in Scandinavia, occurs as 
isolated populations in the Italian and Yugoslav Alps and is an important 
species on an Italian list. However, these species are relatively few, 
reflecting the intensified threats affecting the less rich floras of the 
northern countries. 

The other situation is where species have become greatly depleted due to man's 
activities. This applies particularly to ruderal and weedy species. Changes 
in arable farming, particularly the introduction of sprays to produce clean 
crops, have posed problems for a number of plants. "One of the most 
attractive weeds of British farmland, the cow-wheat, Melampyrum arvense , is on 
the verge of extinction (in Britain), surviving in a few hedgerows where it is 
always under threat from burning or clearance. Once reported from nearly 
fifty localities, it is now known from only five" (Perring & Walters, 1971). 
Similarly in the Netherlands it was once recorded from eighty localities; now 
it is )aiown from only one. It is, of course, abundant and not threatened in 
southern Europe. In addition it should be remembered that many cornfield 
species, such as Agrostemma githago , the Com Cockle, are introduced and not 
native in such countries. 

Other species such as bog or fen plants, e.g. Lathyrus palustris , have become 
rare because only fragments of their once widespread communities survive. 
Fens, heaths and chalk grassland are examples of such communities. 

4. It is difficult to generalise about the widespread species that are 
threatened on a continental scale and hence included in the List presented 
here. Most of them are confined to wetland habitats and several are 
aquatics. Details of the exact habitats of most of these species are given in 
Table 1. Analysis of individual country lists would support the view that 
wetlands and their characteristic species are under threat throughout much of 
Europe and especially in the more industrialised countries. In these habitats 
all species are coming under pressure, in many cases due to changes in 
agriculture. The rare species are now becoming endangered and the commoner 
ones much less abundant and widespread. Wetland areas often make good farming 
land and so many have been converted to agriculture in recent years. It is 
very important that representative samples of these habitats are maintained in 
order to prevent total loss. Nature reserves are especially needed for the 
vulnerable aquatic habitats to conserve species such as Aldrovanda vesiculosa 
and the Marsileaceae , all of whose members in Europe are on the List. 

A number of wetland species which are threatened throughout much of their 
extensive European range are still relatively abundant in Scandinavia, a fact 
which is easily understood in terms of the proportion of surviving habitats. 
In particular Utricularia minor and the Crucifer Subularia aquatica have not 
been included on the List because of their abundance and wellbeing in 
Scandinavia. 



- 19 



Of the few widespread species on the List not associated with wetlands, two 
examples may suffice: Dianthus gratianopolitanus , the Cheddar Pink, is 'Rare' 
in nearly all the European countries in which it occurs- Cypripedium 
calceolus , the well-known Lady's Slipper Orchid, has drastically declined 
throughout most of the continent due to picking of the flowers and uprooting 
of the plants for transfer to gardens (where they rarely survive). It may be 
relevant to point out here that when viewed on a continental scale most 
European orchids cannot be considered as threatened plants since they tend to 
have a wide distribution in the continent and are mostly common in southern 
Europe. In the northern part of their range, where they may be very rare, 
considerable efforts have been made to safeguard their remaining localities 
since they have tended to attract special interest and concern for their 
survival. Species may often be represented at the fringe of this range by 
genotypes not found elsewhere, so it is especially important to protect 
species at the edges of their range so as to maintain genetic diversity which 
is no less vital in wild species than in crop plants. 

It is also relevant to point out that, fortunately, very few of the narrowly 
endemic species in Europe occur in wetland habitats. However, nearly all of 
these plants are threatened or may be extinct. For example, Myosurus 
heldreichii , recorded from ground flooded in Spring on Dhilos in the Aegean 
has not been found to our knowledge for some years and may be extinct. 
Isoetes boryana from shallow lakes on the south-west coast of France and 
western Spain is threatened in both countries. 

5. It is not possible at present to analyse the species on the List in terms 
of threats, as explained above. Although we are expanding our knowledge about 
threats we have perhaps most accurate information from the northern countries 
at present. This is partly because the flora of southern Europe is so much 
richer as well as being less well-known. However, it should be remembered 
that the majority of southern species fall into the 'Rare' category, 
reflecting their low populations and small areas of distribution rather than 
any imminent threats, as opposed to the much more precarious status of the 
flora in parts of northern Europe. 

However, a few general comments can be made. For wetland and aquatic species, 
drainage, eutrophication and pollution are the main threats. In southern and 
central Europe over-grazing is an important factor though, in Greece at least, 
much of the damage done by grazing animals to the vegetation may well have 
occurred in classical or pre -classical times and the number of species whose 
survival is now directly threatened is few. An exampl]e of such a plant would 
be Nepeta sphaciotica from one locality in the White Mountains of Crete; only 
about 40-50 plants were found to be surviving in 1966, with no seedlings, and 
endangered due to over-grazing by sheep. A more unusual example is Silene 
holzmannii , an annual confined to very small islets in the eastern 
Mediterranean. The best known of these is only about 150 m. long. The flora 
of islets such as these can be totally obliterated by a few goats left there 
for a short time by local farmers and fishermen. This is believed to be one 
of the reasons why Silene holzmannii only occurs in so few of these small 
islets (Greuter, 1972). 



- 20 - 



On the other hand, there are undoubtedly cases where the present day- 
populations of rare endemics are favoured rather than menaced by a certain 
level of grazing. In the case of the Yugoslav endemic, Degenia velebitica , 
which occurs on open windswept scree slopes, Horvat and later Kusan conclude 
that the populations were decreasing as the grazing pressures by cattle and in 
earlier times sheep had largely decreased. In this case it seems likely that 
the original habitat of this very local endemic was on naturally open scree, a 
habitat much enlarged by excessive grazing in the 19th Century (Kusan, 1963). 

There is little detailed understanding of the dynamics of grazing and it is 
not often realised that different animals graze different components of the 
vegetation, with the result that the reaction of the various plant species is 
not the same. 

Collecting affects a number of species, in particular members of the genera 
Saxif raga , Sedum , Semper vivum and possibly some of the bulbous monocotyledons, 
though few of them have had to be included on the List. A good example of a 
species threatened in this way is Saxifraga florulenta from the Maritime Alps 
(France and Italy). It is a very desirable and spectacular plant which has 
diminished in the wild due to collecting. It is, however, legally protected 
in all or part of its range. It is particularly susceptible because it is 
very slow-growing, taking at least 10-12 years to flower, and because of its 
strictly monocarpic habit. Another example is Daphne arbuscula from limestone 
highlands in the centre of the West Carpathians (Czechoslovakia) which is now 
becoming threatened by removal of the plants for rock gardens. However, it is 
important to note that in many cases such plants have been utilised for many 
years by local people without the population greatly suffering. The steady 
removal of a few individuals does not usually have a detrimental effect as 
opposed to massive collecting at one time. Botanists, both professional and 
amateur, tend to be less scrupulous collecting abroad than in their own 
country. Many of the Mediterranean endemics, often treasured plants for 
rockeries, are particulary susceptible to depredations by collectors because 
of their low population size. It is hoped that the Council of Europe's 
efforts in conjunctions with that of local botanists may prove effective in 
stimulating the necessary national legislation where it is needed. 



- 21 - 



During the survey many types of threat were identified and examples of some of 
these have been given above. We hope to expand this in future work and relate 
it to particular species and groups. 

1. lland Drainage (resulting in a loss of the wetland habitat and a lowering 
of the water table in surrounding areas ) . 

2. Dam construction and flooding, destroying the vegetation over large areas. 

3. Changes in arable farming (particularly the use of chemical sprays and of 
increasingly heavy machinery moving over the land. ) 

4. Ploughing of old grassland. 

5. Over-grazing (by various animals including goats, sheep and rabbits.) 

6. Regeneration of scrub, usually through lack of grazing. 

7. Forestry (especially changes in silvicultural practices relating to 
plantation forestry involving a small number of exotic species.) 

8. Traditional rurual practices; in particular increasing numbers of urban 
people removing a local species formerly only used by village people; 
e.g. the production of Cowslip Wine (from Primula veris ) in the U.K. and 
of Gentian liqueur (from Gentiana lutea ) in Switzerland. 

9. Water pollution, particularly eutrophication. 

10. Air pollution. 

11. Soil pollution, particularly coastal damage from oil spillages. 

12. Industrialisation and Urbanisation. 

13. Tourism and Tourist Developments - coastal ("ribbon development" on 
particular. ) 

14. Tourism and Tourist Developments - inland; e.g. ski resorts on slopes 
with rare species of limited distribution. 

15. Road building and associated constructional processes, affecting large 
areas of hillsides, 

16. Mining and quarrying. 

17. Pressure from vigorous introduced plants, their success often being 
related to the lack of nature predators. 

18. Disease, often as catastrophic introductions. 



22 



19. Collectors for horticulture) 

) usually affecting species that 

20. Collectors for botany ) are already rare. 

21. Critically low populations, (say below 100 individuals - hence lUCN 
category Endangered), with subsequent risk of breeding collapse. 

22. Natural causes. 

23. Lac)c of pollinators (possible due to agricultural spraying, entomological 
collecting. ) 



23 - 



TABLE 1 



HABITATS OF SOME OF THE MORE WIDESPREAD* WETLAND 



Aldrovanda vesiculosa 

Betula humllis 

xColeanthus subtilis 

x Elatine alsinastrum ) 

) 
x Elatine hungarica 

Gentianella uliginosa 

Lindemia prociimbens 

Liparis loeselii 

x Marsilea quadrifolia ) 

) 
x Marsilea strigosa ) 

Pilularia globulifera 

x Pilularia minuta 

Salvinia natans 
Senecio congestus 

Trapa natans 



AND AQUATIC SPECIES ON THE LIST 

Rootless aquatic, usually in shallow, still, 
acidic water 

Bogs and fens 

Damp mud at the margins of oonds and reservoirs 

Shallow, usually still water, on wet 
mud or sand, or in seasonally flooded 
places 

Dune slacks and damp meadows 

Wet, muddy or sandy places 

Bogs, fens and other wet places 

Habitats subkect to periodic, shallow 
inundation, e.g. water meadows, rice- 
f ields 

Shallow water, marshy ground, wet heaths and 
rice-fields 

In seasonally wet hollows and at margins of 
ditches 

Aquatic floating on lakes, ponds and ditches 

Damp meadows and marshes, in acidic or neutral 
conditions . 

In nutrient-rich but not strongly calcareous 
water 



* Interpreted as occurring in more than 3 countries in Europe 

X Typically in habitats with standing water in winter but dry in summer. 

In nearly every case these plants are restricted to fresh water habitats and 
cannot tolerate saline conditions. 



Ik 



References 

1. Cerovsky, J., Holub, J. and Prochazka, F. (1979). 'Cerveny seznam flory 
CSR' (The Red List of the CSR Flora). Pamatky a Priroda , 6: 361-378. 

2. Delvosalle, L., Demaret, F. , Lambinon, J. S Lawalree, A. (1969). Plantes 
rares, disparues ou menacees de dlsparition en Belgique; 

1 'appauvrissement de la flore indigene. Ministere de 1 'Agriculture, 
Brussels. 

3. Eriksson, O. , Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1979). Flora of Macaronesia ; 
Checklist of Vascular Plants. 2. Revised edition by A. Hansen S 

P. Sunding. Part I & Part II (Synonym Index). Oslo. 

4. Greuter, W. (1971). L'ecueil a Silene holzmannii , en Crete, et son 
peuplement vegetal. Saussurea 3: 157-166. 

5. Hansen, A. (1969). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Archipelago of 
Madeira. Bol. Mus. Mtinicip. Funchal 24. 

6. Kusan, F. (1963). Ober die Lebensverhaltnisse der endemischen Art Degenia 
velebitica (Deg. ) Hay. auf dem Velebit in Kroatien. Inf ormationes (Editio 
Periodica Horti botanici facultatis pharmaceuticae Dniversitatis 
Zagrebensis (Yugoslavia ) 2: 21-26. 

7. Lojtnant, B. and Worsoe, E. (1977). Forelobig Status over den Danske 
Flora . Rep. Bot. Inst. Univ. Aarhus, 2. 341pp. 

8. Meikle, R.D. (1977). Flora of Cyprus Vol. 1. Kew. (C^nnnospenns and 
dicotyledons up to Rubiaceae and Theligonacece in the Bentham & Hooker 
sequence ) • 

9. Mennema, J., Quene-Boterenbrood, A.J. and Plate, C.L. (Eds.) (1980). Atlas 
of the Netherlands Flora 1; Extinct and very rare species . Junk , The 
Hague. 222pp. 

10. Osorio-Tafall, B.F. & Seraphim, G.M. (1973). List of the Vascular Plants 
of Cyprus . Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Nicosia. 

11. Perring, F.H. & Walters, S.M. (1971). Conserving Rare Plants in Britain. 
Nature 229 (5284): 275-7. 

12. Prentice, H.C. (1976). A Study in Endemism: Silene diclinis . Biol. 
Conserv . 10(1): 15-30. 

13. Rauschert, S., Benkert, D. , Hempfel, W. and Jeschke, L. (1979). Liste der 
in der DeutscheN Demokratischen Republik erloschenen und gefahrdeten Fam- 
und Blutenpf lanzen . Kulturband der DDR, Berlin. 56pp. 



25 - 



14. Sukopp, H., Trautmann, W. and Korneck, D. (1978). Auswertung der Roten 
Liste gefahrdeten Fam- und Blutenpf lanzen in der Bundesrepublik 
Deutschland fur den Arten- und Biotopschutz . Schriftenreihe fur 
Vegetationskunde. Heft 12, Bonn, 138pp. 

15. Takhtajan, A. (1981) (2nd Ed.) Rare and Vanishing Plants of the U.S.S.R. 
to be protected . Leningrad. 2 25pp. (in Russian). 

16. Traxler,G. (1978) 'Verschollene und gefahrdete Gefasspf lanzen im 
Burgenland. Rote Liste bedrohter gefasspf lanzen. ' (A red list of 
endangered plants in the Burgenland (Austria). Natur und Umwelt in 
Burgenland, Sonderheft 1. Eisenstadt. 

17. Tutin, T.G. et al. (eds) (1964-1980). Flora Europaea . Cambridge. 5 vols. 

18. Van Rompaey, E. s Delvosalle, L. (1972). Atlas de la Flore Beige et 
Luxembourgeoise : Pteridophytes et Spearmatophytes . Brussels. 

19. Walters, S.M. (1976). The Conservation of Threatened Vascular Plants in 
Europe. Biol. Conserv . 10(1): 31-41. 

20. Vfebb, D.A. (1978) Flora Europaea - A retrospect. Tax on 27: 3-14. 



- 26 - 



3. DIGEST OF CURRENT LEGISLATION 

The great diversity in the ways in which protection is afforded 
to plants, and how this protection is applied, reflects both the historical 
background and the different national approaches to the protection of the 
environment as a whole, as will be seen from the following summaries. 

AUSTRIA - Legislation giving protection to wild growing plants has been 
enacted in each of the nine Provinces (Ref : Plank, S (1975) Gesetzlich 
Geschiitzte Pflanzen in Osterreich . Graz) . The Protection Orders are 
summarised as follows : 

Burgenland : 26. Order of the Burgenland provincial government of 

6 December 1961 on the protection of wild plants and animals (1. Nature 

Protection Order) . 

Karnten : Order of the Karnten provincial government of 28 November 1972, 
n° RO-267/13/1972, on the protection of plants and animals. 

Niederosterreich : Order of the Niederosterreich provincial government of 
22 May 1951, N° L.A.III/2-50/65n - 1951, concerning the enforcement of the 
laws on the protection and the management of nature (Nature Protection Order). 

Oberosterreich : Order of the Oberosterreich provincial government of 

5 April 1965 concerning nature protection (0.6. Nature Protection Order). 

Salzburg : 61. Order of the Salzburg provincial government of 29 July 1957, 
on the protection of certain wild plants (Plant Protection Order). 

Steiermark : Order of 18 February 1936 on the protection of wild plants and 
animals, the latter also protected from hunting (Nature Protection Order). 

Tirol : 29. Order of the provincial government of 22 April 1975 on the pro- 
tection of wild plants and animals, the latter also protected from hunting 
(Nature Protection Order) . 

Vorarlberg : Order of the Vorarlberg provincial government on the protection 
of wild plants. (LGBl .Nr. 18/1960) in der Fassung LGBl .Nr. 9/1961 , 
Nr. 39/1962 and Nr. 24/1969). 

Wien : 5. Order of the Wien provincial Government of 8 February 1955, con- 
cerning the enforcement of the law on the protection and the management of 
nature (Nature Protection Order) . 

Within each Province four levels of protection exist : 

full protection - the protection order covers the whole plant. It is 
forbidden to remove these plants or any part of these plants. 

partial protection - the protection order is primarily concerned with 

the roots and root stock of these plants. It is forbidden to 
uproot plants thus protected. It is also prohibited to 
promote, acquire, or to offer them for sale, in either a fresh 
or dry condition. Picking of the above-ground parts (flowers, 
leaves, branches) for personal use, ie a bunch of flowers, is 
allowed. Moderate commercial exploitation of these parts is 
also allowed but permission for collection is only granted after 
taking into consideration the needs of apiculture. 



27 



Partial Protection/Trade Prohibited - the protection order is similar to 
the above, but for plants thus scheduled, no collection for 
the purposes of trade will be authorised. 

Trade Prohibited - applies only in the Province of Steiermark. The 
order states that permission for the collection of these 
species for trade or industrial purposes will not be freely 
given. 

The taxa listed below receive protection at one or more of 
these levels according to their provincial distribution : 



Aconitum spp. 
Adonis vernalis 
Alnus spp . 
Amelanchier oval is 
Anacamptis pyramidalis 
Andromeda polifolia 
Androsace spp. 
Anemone baldensis 
Anemone narcissif lora 
Anemone sylvestris 
Aquilegia spp. 
Armaria alpina 
Arnica montana 
Artemisia campestris 
Artemisia genipi 
Artemisia mutellina 
Arxm macula turn 
Aruncus dioicus 
Asparagus officinalis 
Asplenium cunei folium 



Aster alpinus 
Betula humilis 
Be tula nana 
Blechnum spicant 
Braya alpina 
Bulbocodium vemum 

Buxus sempervirens 

Calla palustris 

Campanula thyrsoides 

Campanula zoysii 

Carlina acaulis 
Centaurivim spp. 
Cephalanthera spp. 
Chimaphila umbellata 
Clematis alpina 
Convallaria majalis 
Cortusa matthioli 
Corylus a ve liana 
Cotoneaster spp. 
Cyclamen purpurascens 



- 28 - 



Cypripedium calceolus 
Daphne cneoruin 
Daphne laureola 
Daphne mezereum 
Daphne striata 
Delphinium elatum 
subsp . alpinum 
Dianthus alpinus 
Dianthus barbatus 
Dianthus carthusianorum 
Dianthus glacialis 
Dianthus gratianopolitanus 
Dianthus monspessulanus 

subsp . waldsteinii 
Dianthus plumarius 
Dianthus plumarius 

subsp . hoppei 
Dianthus superbus 
Dianthus sylvestris 
Dictainnus albus 

Digitalis grandiflora 

Digitalis lutea 

Doroncium cataractarum 

Dracocephalum ruyschiana 

Drossera spp« 

Eryngixun alpinvnn 

Eryngium maritimum 

Erythronium dens-canis 

Praxinus ornus 



Fritillaria meleagris 



Galanthus nivalis 


Genista radiata 


Gentiana 


acaulis 


Gentiana 


asclepiadea 


Gentiana 


clusii 


Gentiana 


f roehlichii 


Gentiana 


lutea 


Gentiana 


pannonica 


Gentiana 


pneumonantha 


Gentiana 


punctata 


Gentiana 


vema 


Gentianella ciliata 


Gentianella germanica 



Gexim reptans 
Gladiolus illyricus 
Gladiolus palustris 
Gymnadenia spp. 
Helleborus niger 
Helleborus viridis 
Hemerocallis lilio-asphodelus 
Hepatica nobilis 
Himantoglossum hircinum 
Hippophae rhamnoides 
Ilex aquifolium 
Iris pseudacorus 
Iris sibirica 
Juniperus communis 
Juniperus communis 

subsp. alpina 



- 29 - 



Juniperus sabina 

Ledijm pa lust re 

Leontopodium alpinum 

Leucojuin aestivum 

Leucojum vernum 

Liliijm bulbiferum 

Lilium carniolictiin 

Lilivun martagon 

Limodorum abortivum 

Lloydia serotina 

Lycopodium spp. 
Matteuccia struthiopteris 
Muscari spp. 
Myrica gale 
Narcissus poeticus 
Nigritella miniata 
Nigrltella nigra 
Nuphar lutea 
Nuphar pumila 
Nymphaea alba 
Ophrys spp. 
Orchis Efpp. 

Ornithogalum pyrenaicnjin 
Osmunda regalis 
Ostrya carpinifolia 
Paradisia liliastrum 
Phyllitis scolopendrium 
Physoplexis comosa 
Pinus cembra 



Pinus mugo 
Platanthera bifolia 



Primula 


auricula 


Primula 


elatior 


Primula 


farinosa 


Primula 


glutinosa 


Primula 


halleri 


Primula 


hirsuta 


Primula 


integrifolia 


Primula 


minima 


Primula 


veris 


Primula 


veris subsp. 


Primula 


vulgaris 


Prunus tenella 


Pulsatilla alpina 


Pulsatilla apiifolia 


Pulsatilla montana 


Pulsatilla pratensis 


Pulsatilla pratensis 



subsp. nigricans 
Pulsatilla vernalis 
Pulsatilla vulgaris 
Ranunculus glacialis 
Rhododendron ferrugineum 
Rhododendron hirsutum 
Rhodothamnus chamaecistus 
Salix alpina 
Salix breviserrata 
Salix helvetica 



- 30 



Salix herbacea 
Salix reticulata 
Sallx retusa 
Salix serpyllifolia 
Salix spp. 
Salix waldsteiniana 
Saxif raqa spp. 
Scilla bifolia 
Sempervivum spp. 
Silene acaulis 
Stipa capillata 
Stipa pennata 



Taxus baccata 
Trapa natans 
Trollius europaeus 
Typha spp. 
Vaccinium oxycoccus 
Valeriana celtica 
Viola zoysii 
Vitis vinifera 

subsp. sylvestris 
Waldsteinia ternata 
Wulfenia carinthiaca 



BELGIUM - National legislation was enacted in Belgium in 1976 (Arrete 
royal du 16 fevrier 1976 relatif aux mesures de protection en faveur de 
certaines especes vegetales croissant a I'etat sauvage) giving absolute 
protection to the following species of wild growing plants (Annex A) . 



Aconitum napellus 
Anacainptis pyramidalis 
Arnica montana 
Artemisia alba 
Artemisia campestris 
Calla palustris 

Calystegia soldanella 

Cephalanthera damasonium 

Cephalanthera longifolia 

Crypto gramma crispa 

Daphne mezereum 

Dianthus deltoides 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus 

Draba aizoides 



Drosera intermedia 
Drosera rotundifolia 
EryngixMi maritimum 
Gentiana cruciata 
Gentiana pneumonanthe 
Gymnadenia odoratissima 
Halimione pedunculata 
Hammarbya paludosa 
Helichrysum arenarium 
Himantoglossum hircinum 
Juniperus communis 
Limordorum abortivum 
Liparis loeselii 
Lobelia dortmanna 



- 31 - 



Lychnis viscaria 
Lycopodiaceae - all species 
Ophrys apifera 
Ophrys fuciflora 
Ophrys insectifera 
Ophrys sphegodes 
Orchis militaris 
Orchis morio 



Orchis simia 



Orchis ustulata 



Parnassia palustris 
Potentilla rupestris 
Sempervivum funckii var. 

aqualiense 
Sparganium anqustifolium 
Stratiotes aloides 
Vicia orobus 



Orchis palustris 
Orchis purpurea 

Two levels of partial protection have also been enacted ; one 
allows flowers to be picked but gives protection to the underground parts 
of the plants concerned including the base of the stem (Annex B) ; the 
other forbids the collection of certain specified plants for commercial 
or industrial purposes (Annex C) . 



Annex B species 
Actaea spicata 
Althaea officinalis 
Anemone Pulsatilla 
Anthericum liliago 
Armaria maritima 
Centaurea montana 
Erica cinerea 
Erica tetralix 
Leucojum aestivum 
L. vemum 



Lunaria rediviva 

Nymphaeaceae - all species 

Orchidaceae - all species 

Osmunda regalis 

Primula vulgaris 

Ranunculus platanifolius 

Rosa -all species except R. arvensis 

and R. canina 
Scilla bifolia 



Trientalis 



europae 



Limonium vulgare 



32 



Annex C species 



Centaurium erythraea 
C. littorale 



Menyanthes trifoliata 
Salicomia - all species 
Sphagnum - all species 



C. pulchellum 
Cladonia - the species of Tamus communis 
sub-genus Cladina 



CYPRUS - We have been notified that there is no legislation relating 
directly to the protection of wild growing plants in Cyprus, except for 
those plants which occur in State Forests where they are protected by 
the Forest Law (Law n" 14 of 1967). This law (Section 13 (2)) prohibits 
the cutting, uprooting, collecting, damage to or transportation of any 
of the forest produce contained therein unless a permit has been granted. 
"Forest produce" includes timber and branches and all parts of wild 
plants, mosses, fungi and lichens. 

Outside these Forests only four species of crop plants have been granted 
any form of protection. These are Rhus coriaria (Sumach) , used in the 
tanning of Moroccan leather, and three species of sage, Salvia cypria , 
S. triloba and S. grandiflora. 



DENMARK - The Minister of the Environment may, by the publication of a 
notice according to para. 59 of the Conservation of Nature Act, order 
the protection of any plant species, throughout the country or in specified 
areas. Species already present in nature reserves may also be protected 
against picking, digging, etc. as part of nature reserve legislation. 
Some species are protected administratively where they grow on land owned 
by the State and managed by the National Agency for Forests. 

It is forbidden to pick, dig up or harm in any other way, any of the 
following species : 



Totally protected: 
Asplenium ruta-muraria 



Ligusticum .scoticum 



Protected in their only known Danish localities: 
Ophrys insectifera Taxus baccata 



33 



Protected in one or more of their Danish localities : 



Anacamptis pyramidalis 
Anthericum liliago 
Cardaminopsis arenosa 
Carex buxbaumii 
Cephalanthera damasonium 
Cephalanthera njbra 
Corallorhlza trifida 
Cypripedium calceolus 
Epipactis atrorubens 
E^ipogium aphyllum 
Erysimum hieracifolium 
Festuca altissima 



Glaucium flavmn 

Ilex aquifolium 

Linxim austriacijm 

Orchis purpurea 

Orchis ustulata 

Orobanche major 

Potentilla tabernaemontani 

Primula farinosa 

Pulsatilla vernalis 

Seseli libanotis 

Silene maritima var. petraea 

Viscum album 



FINLAND - The 108 species listed below are fully protected in Finland 
under the Nature Conservation Act of 1952. This statute is understood 
to be currently under review. 



Aconitxim septentrionale 
Agrimonia odorata 



Agrimonia 


pilosa 


Agropyrum 


junceum 


Agrostis c 


lavata 


Alchemilla 


1 a Ipina 


Allium ursinum 


Allosorus 


crispus 


Antenna ria 


1 carpatica 


Antenna ria 


I porsildii 


Anthyllis 


vulneraria 


Arenaria ciliata 



Arenaria norvegica 
Arnica a Ipina 
Asperula tinctoria 
Asplenium adulterinum 
Asplenium ruta-muraria 
Aster sibiricus 
Botrychium virginianum 
Calypso bulbosa 
Campanula uniflora 
Cardamine parviflora 
Carex acutiformis 
Carex arctogena 



34 - 



Carex atrofusca 

Carex holostoma 

Carex jemtlandica 

Carex microglochin 

Carex misandra 

Cephalanthera rubra 

Cerastimn arcticiim 

Chameorchis alpina 

Cladium mariscus 

Clematis alpina 

Corydalis intermedia 

Crepis praemorsa 

Cypripedium calceolus 

Draba alpina 

Draba cinerea 

Draba fladnizensis 

Draba nivalis 

Draba wahlenbergii 

Dryopteris fragrans 

Erigeron borealis 

Erigeron unalaschkense 

Galium saxatile 

Gentiana aurea 
Gentiana tenella 
Geranium palustre 
Gypsophila fastigiata 
Helianthemum nummularivun 
Helleborine atropurpurea 
Helleborine palustris 



Herminium monorchis 
Hypericum montanum 
Jasione montana 
Juncus arcticus 
Kobresia simpliciuscula 
Koenigia islandica 
Lappula deflexa 
Lathraea squama ria 
Lathyrus niger 
Lepidium latifolium 
Leucorchis albida 
Liparis loeselii 
Melampryum arvense 
Melandrium affine 
Melandrium apetalum 
Melica ciliata 
Minuartia rubella 
Minuartia stricta 
Myosotis sparsiflora 
Myricaria germanica 
Nymphaea spp. 
Ononis arvensis 

Pedicularis hirsuta 
Phippsia algida 
Polystichum lonchitis 
Potamogeton crispus 
Potentilla anglica 
Potentilla nivea 
Puccinellia phyrganodes 



35 



Pulsatilla patens 

Pulsatilla vernalis 

Ranunculus glacialis 

Ranunculus sulphureus 

Rhododendron lapponicum 

Rubus humulifolius 

Sagina intermedia 

Salix arbuscula 

Salix pirolifolia 

Salix polaris 

Saxifraga adscendens 

Saxifraga caespitosa 

Saxifraga cernua 

Saxifraga nivalis var. tenuis 



Saxifraga oppositfolia 

Saxifraga rivularis 

Saxifraga stellaris var. 

foliolosa 

Sedum villosum 

Slum latifolium 

Stellaria hxjmifusa 

Thalictrum kemense 

Tristeum subalpestre 
Veronica fruticans 

Vicia cassubica 

Viola persicifolia 

Viola uliginosa 



Paragraph 2, part 1 of the Act prohibits the collecting of the following 
species for trade purposes : 



Daphne mezereum 
Hepatica triloba 
Lathyrus vernus 



Platanthera bifolia 
Primula veris 
Pulmonaria officinalis 



Breaking the branches of Hippophae rhamnoides for gathering berries or for 
trade is also forbidden. 



FRANCE - Under the "Protection de la nature" Law, n° 76-629 of 1976, general 
protection is granted to wild plants "where their conservation is considered 
justified". More recently (13 May 1982) a list of protected plant species 
was published in the "Journal Officiel de la Republique frangaise) in 
respect of this law, granting two levels of protection to 400 species of 
pteridophytes and angiosperms. Over 300 of these species have been given 
complete protection throughout the country from picking, collection, 
uprooting and sale (see list below). For the remaining species listed 
(Appendix 2 below), it is forbidden to destroy all or part of these wild 
plants, although the collecting, harvesting or transportation of these is 
subject to authorisation by the National Council for the Protection of Nature. 



- 36 - 



Dicotyledons 
Adonis pyrenaica 
Aldrovanda vesiculosa 
Alyssum arenarium 
Alyssum corsicum 
Angallis crassifolia 
Anchusa crispa 
Andromeda polifolia 
Androsace (all alpine species) 
Anemone coronaria 
Anemone hortensis 
Anemone palmata 
Anemone silvestris 
Anemone trifolia 
Angelica heterocarpa 
Anthyllis barba-jovis 
Aquilegia alpina 
Aquilegia viscosa 
Arenaria biflora 
Arenaria controversa 
Arenaria provincialis 
Armeria elongata 
Armeria filicaulis belgenciensis 



Armeria 


maritima micella 


Armeria 


pubinervis 


Armeria 


pungens 


Armeria 


ruscinonensis 


Armeria 


soleirolii 


Asperuli 


i hexaphylla 


Asperuli 


a occidentalis 



Asperula taurina 
Aster amellus 
Aster pyrenaeus 
Astragalus alopecuroides 
Astragalus bayonnensis 
Astragalus centralpinus 
Astragalus leontinus 
Astragalus massiliensis 
Atractylis cancellata 
Atragene alpina 
Bartsia spicata 
Berardia subacaulis 
Betula nana 



Brassica insularis 


Buffonia perennis 


Buglossoides gastonii 


Bupleurum 


frutiscescens 


Campanula 


allionii 


Campanula 


cervicaria 


Cardamine 


chelidonia 


Centaurea 


corymbosa 



Centaurea pseudocaerulescens 
Centarimn chloodes 
Centaurium scilloides 
Cephalaria syriaca 
Cerinthe glabra tenuiflora 
Chamaecytisus glaber 
Cirsium montanum 
Cistus populifolius 



- 37 



Cistus psilocephalus 

Cistus varius 

Cochlearia aestuaria 

Cortusa matthiolii 

Crambe maritima 

Crepis rhaetica 

Cytisus ardoini 

Daboecia cantabrica 

Daphne striata 

Daucus gadeceaui 

Delphinium requienii 

Delphinium verdunense 

Dianthus gallicus 

Dracocephalum austriacum 

Echinospartum horridum 

Elatine brochonii 

Erica erigena 

Erica lusitanica 

Erinacea anthyllis 

Eritichium nanum 

Erodium manescavii 

Erodium rodiei 

Eryngium alpinum 

Eryngium barrelieri 

Eryngium spina-alba 

Eryngium viviparum 

Euphorbia esula subsp thommasiniana 

Euphorbia valliniana 

Euphorbia variabilis 

Evax carpetana 



Evax rotundata 

Galium trifidum 

Garidella nigellastrum 

Gentiana utriculosa 

Gentianella amarella 

Gentianella uliginosa 

Geranium argenteum 

Geranium cinereum 

Geranium endressii 

Geum heterocarpum 

Halimiocistus sahucii 

Halimione pedunculata 

Hedysarum boutignyanum 

Helianthemum iavandulaef olium 

Helianthemum mariifolium 

Helichrysum bitterense 

Heracleum minimum 

Heteropogon contortus 

Hieracium eriophorum 

Hibiscus palustris 

Iberia aurosica 

Iberis prutii Tineo subsp candollea 

Inula bifrons 

Isatis allionii 

Jurinea humilis 

Laser trilobum 

Lavatera maritima 

Lathyrus maritimum 

Legousia castellana 

Leuzea rhapontica 



38 



Ligularia sibirica 
Limoniastrum monopetalum 



Limonium 


cordatum 


Limonium 


diffusum 


Limonium 


girardianum 


Limonium 


humile 


Limonium 


minutum 


Limonium 


oleifolium 


Limonium 


dictyocladum 


Limonium 


ramosissimum 



subsp provinciale 
Limonium salmonis 
Linaria commutata 
Linaria cirrhosa 
Linaria reflexa 
Linaria thymifolia 
Linaria toutonii 
Linnaea borealis 
Lithodora diffusa 
Lobelia dortmanna 
Leoflingia hispanica 
Lupinus varius 
Lysimachia ephemerum 
Lysimachia thyrsiflora 
Lythrtm] thesioides 
Lythrum thymifolia 
Lythrxim tribracteatum 
Mat thiol a oyensis 
Matthiola tricuspidata 
Minuartia striata 



Moehringia provincial is 

Moehringia le-brunii 

Moricandia arvensis 

Morisia monanthos 

Myosotis pusilla 

Myosotis ruscinonensis 

Nananthea perpusilla 

Nigella gallica 

Nonnea pulla 

Oenanthe foucaudi 

Odontites jaubertiana 

Omphalodes littoralis 

Pedicularis recutita 

Phyllodoce coerulea 

Phyteuma villarsii 

Pimpinella siifolia 

Pinus mugho 

Polygonum rayi 

Potentilla fruticosa 

Primula (all species, except P. elatior, 

P. officinalis , P. acaulis ) 
Prunus lusitanica 
Pseudorlaya pumila 
Ptilotrichum macrocarpum 
Ptilotrichum pyrenaicum 
PuLicaria vulgaris 
Pulsatilla halleri 
Pyrola maritima 
Quercus crenata 
Ranunculus canuti 



- 39 



Ranunculus lateriflorus 
Ranunculus lingua 
Ranunculus millef oliatus 
Ranunculus nodiflorus 
Ranunculus ophioglossifolius 
Ranunculus revelieri 
Reutera lutea 
Rhododendron hirsutum 
Rosa X aveyronensis 
Rosa serafini 
Rouya polygama 
Rumex rupestris 
Rumex tuberosus 
Salix crataegifolia 
Salix daphnoides 
Salix lapponum 
Salix myrsinites 
Salix repens subsp arenaria 
Saponaria bellidifolia 
Saponaria lutea 
Saxifraga florulenta 
Saxif raga hieraciifolia 
Saxifraga hirculus 
Saxifraga lantoscana 
Saxifraga muscoides 
Saxifraga mutata 
Saxifraga valdensis 
Scandicium stellatum 
Scrophularia pyrenaica 
Sedum andegavense 



Senecio bayonnensis 
Senecio congestus 
Senecio macrochaetus 
Serratula lycopiifolia 
Seseli boconii 



Silene salzmanii 




Silene velutina 




Soldanella villosa 




Sorbus latifolia 




Stachys brachyclada 




Stachys ( 


Dcymastrum 




Suckowia 


balearica 




Tamarix africana 




Teline 1: 


Lnifolia 




Teucrium 


asistatum 




Teucrium 


f ruticans 




Teucrium 


massiliense 




Teucrium 


pseudochamaepitys 


Thorella 


verticillinundata 



Trientalis europaea 
Trifolium cernuum 
Thymelaea tartonraira 
Thymelaea thomasii 
Thymelaea ruizii 
Vicia altissima 
Vicia argentea 
Vicia barbazitae 
Vicia elegantissima 
Viola arborescens 
Viola elatior 



40 



Viola pinnata 
Viola rothomagensis 

Allium chamaemoly 
Allium lineare 
Allium moly 
Allium scab err imum 
Althenia barrandonii 
Ambrosinia bassii 
Ampelodesmos mauretanica 
Barlia robertiana 
Bellevalia (all species) 
Borderea pyrenaica 
Bromus bromoideus 
Bromus grossus 
Caldesia parnassifolia 
Calla palustris 



Xatartia scabra 



Monocotyledons 



Carex 


atrofusca 


Carex 


bicolor 


Carex 


buxhaumii 


Carex 


chordorrhiza 


Carex 


costei 


Carex 


firma 


Carex 


fritschii 


Carex 


fuliginosa 


Carex 


grioletti 


Carex 


heleonastes 


Carex 


hordeistichos 


Carex 


irrigua 


Carex 


limosa 



Carex michelii 
Carex migroglochin 
Carex ornithopodioides 
Carex pseudobrizoides 
Carex vaginata 
Chamaeropa humilis 
Colchicum cupanii 
Colchicum neapolitanum 
Coleanthus subtilis 
Cymodocea nodosa 
Cypripedium calceolus 
Damasonium alisina 
Damasonium polyspermum 
Eljrmus arenarius 
Epipogon aphyllum 
Eriophorum gracile 
Fritillaria orientalis 
Gagea (all species) 
Gladiolus palustris 
Hammarbya paludosa 
Hermodactylus tuberosus 
Hierochloe odorata 
Iris perrieri 
Iris sibirica 
Iris sisyrhynchium 
Iris xiphium 
Juncus balticus 



- 41 



Juncus pyrenaeus 

Leucoium aestivum 

Leucoium longifolium 

Leucoium nicaeense 

Liparis loeselii 

Lolium parabolicum 

Merendera filifolia 

Narcissus triandrus subsp capax 

Nectar OS cor dum siculum 

Ophrys bertoloni 

Ophrys bombilif lora 

Ophrys mangini 

Ophrys speculum 

Ophrys tenthredinif era 



Orchis 


coriophora 


Orchis 


fragrans 


Orchis 


longicornu 


Orchis 


saccata 


Orchis 


spitzelli 


Peribalia minuta 



Piptatherum virescens 
Posidonia oceanica 
Ruscus hypophyllum 
Scheuchzeria palustris 
Scilla hyacinthoides 
Scirpus pumilus 
Schoenus ferrugineus 
Serapias neglecta 
Serapias parviflora 
Spiranthes aestivalis 
Stenbergia colchicif lora 
Tofieldia pusilla 



Triglochin laxiflorum 


Tulipa 


agenensis 


Tulipa 


gesneriana 


Tulipa 


praecox 


Tulipa 


silvestris 


Urginea fugax 


Urginea undulata 


Veratrum nigrum 



Pteridophytes 



Asplenium 


f issum 


Aspfenium 


jahandiezii 


Asplenium 


lepidum 


Asplenium 


seelosii 


Botrychium lanceolatum 


Botrychium matricariaef olium 



Botrychium multifidum 
Botrychium simplex 
Cheilanthes catanensis 



Cystopteris montana 
Diphasium (all species) 
Dryopteris aemula 
Dryopteris cristata 
Hymenophyllum tunbridgense 
H}mienophyllum wilsonii 
Isoetes (all species) 
Lycopodiella inundata 
Marsilea quadrifolia 



- 42 - 



Marsilea strigosa 
Ophioglossum azoricum 
Pilularia globulifera 
Pilularia minuta 
Polystichum braunii 



Scolopendritim hemionitis 
Stenogramma pozoi 
Trichomanes speciosum 
Woodsia ivensis 
Woodwardia radicans 



Adonis vernalis 



Appendix II 
Dicotyledons 



Campanula 


stenocaudon 


Centaurium capitatum 


Ceratonia 


siliqua 


Delphinium staphysagria 


Dianthus superbus 



Drosera (all species) 
Euphorbia peplis 
Gratiola officinalis 
Helichrysum arenarium 
Helleborus niger 
Myosotis soleirolii 

Alisma graminifolia 
Allium victorialis 
Asphodelus arrondeaui 
Iris florentina 



Nerium oleander 
Paeonia (all species) 
Polemonium coeruleum 
Pyrola rotundifolia 
Ranunculus macrophyllus 
Rosa gallica 
Salix helvetica 
Senecio rutheniensis 
Teucrium marum 
Valeriana celtica 
Viola curtisii 
Vitex agnus-castus 



Monocotyledons 



Potamogeton variifolius 
Typha elata 
Urginea maritima 



- A3 



FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY - The Federal Species Protection Order of 1980, 
in accordance with Article 22 of the Federal Nature Protection Act of 1976, 
provides special protection for over 160 plant species. These include : 



Achillea clavenae 
Aconitum spp« 
Adonis vemalis 
Aldrovanda vesiculosa 
Althaea officinalis 
Alyssum montanum subsp. 

gmelinii 
Alyssum montanum subsp. 

montanum 
Androsace spp. excluding: 

Androsace elongata 

Androsace maxima 

Androsace septentrional is 
Anemone narcisslf lora 
Anemone sylvestris 
Antennaria dioica 
Apium inundatum 
Apium repens 
Apium spp. 
Aquilegia spp. 
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 
Armeria elongata subsp. 

serpentini 
Armeria halleri 



Armeria purpurea 


Arnica 


montana 


Artemi; 


3ia mutellina 


Aster alpinus 


Be tula 


humilis 


Be tula 


nana 



Biscutella laevigata 
Botrychium matricariif olium 
Botrychium multifidum 
Botrychiijm spp. 
Botrychium virginianum 
Calla palustris 
Campanula thyrsoides 
Carlina acaulis * 

Chimaphila umbel lata 
Clematis alpina 
Cochlearia pyrenaica 
Cortusa matthioli 
Crambe maritima 
Cryptogramma crispa 
Cyclamen spp. 
Dactylorhiza sambucina 
Dactylorhiza sphagnicola 
Daphne spp. 



- 44 



Dianthus gratianopolitanus 
Dianthus superbus 
Dictainnus albus 
Digitalis grandiflora 
Digitalis lutea 
Prose race a e spp. 
Eryngium maritimum 
Euphorbia lucida 
Euphorbia palustris 
Fritillaria meleagris 
Fritillaria spp. 
Galanthus nivalis 
Gentiar.aceae spp. 

incl. Menyanthaceae 
Gladiolus palustris 
Globularia punctata 
Gratiola officinalis 
Hammarbya paludosa 
Helianthemum apenninum 
Helianthemum canum 
Helichrysiun arenarium 
Helleborus niger 
Hellehorus viridis 
Hottonia palustris 
Iris spp. 
Iris spuria 
Iris variegata excluding : 

Iris pseudacorus 
Isoetes echinospora 



Isoetes 


lacustris 


Jurinea 


cyanoides 


Laser 


trilobum 


LathyruE 


! maritimus 


Ledum 


_£a 


ilustre 



Leontopodium alpinum 

Leucojum aestiv\im 

Leucojxim vernum * 

Lilium spp. 

Limodorum abortivum 

Limonium vulgare 

Linnaea borealis 

Linum flavxim 

Linum leonii 

Linum perenne subsp. montanum 

Linum perenne subsp. perenne 

excluding : 

Linum catharticum 
Linum spp. 
Liparis loeselii 
Lobelia dortmanna 
Lycopodiales spp. 
Matteuccia struthiopteris 
Muscari spp. * 

Muscari tenuiflorum 
Narcissus radiflorus 
Narcissus spp. 
Narthecium ossifragum 
Nuphar pumila 



- 45 



Nymphaeaceae spp. 

Ophrys sphegodes 

Ophrys tommasinii 

Orchidaceae spp. 

Orchis coriophora 

Orchis palustris 

Orchis Simla 

Osinunda regalis 

Oxytropis pilosa 

Papaver sendtneri 
Pedicularis 

sceptrum-carolinuin 
Pedicularis spp. 
Petrocallis pyrenalca 
Phyllitis scolopendrium 
Pinguicula spp. 
Polemonium caeruleum 
Polystichum spp. 
Primula spp. excluding: 
Primula elatior 
Primula veris 
Pulsatilla patens 
Pulsatilla pratensls 
Pulsatilla spp. 
Pulsatilla vernalis 
P-anunculus lingua 
Rhododendron spp. 
Rhodothamnus chamaecistus 



Salvinia natans 

Saxifraga hirculus excluding: 

Saxifraga granulata 

Saxifraga tridactylites 
Saxifraga spp. 
Scheuchzeria palustris 
Scilla spp. including: 

Endymion 
Scorzonera purpurea 
Sempervivxjir spp. including: 

Jovibarba spp. 
Soldanella spp. 
Spiranthes aestivalis 
Staphylea pinnata 
Stipa bavarica 
Stipa spp. 
Stratiotes aloides 
Thalictrum simplex 
Trapa natans 

Trollius europaeus * 
Utricularia bremii 
Utricularia ochroleuca 
Utricularia spp. 
Viola calcarata 
Vitis vinifera subsp. 

sylvestris 
Wahlenbergia hederacea 
Woods i a spp. 



- 46 - 



It is forbidden to cut, pick, dig up, remove or otherwise 
damage any of the above-mentioned taxa or any part thereof. For the 
six species asterisked above together with Scilla bifolia and with all 
native Muscari spp, excluding Muscari tenuiflorum, the collection of small 
quantities of the above-ground parts of these plants is allowed where they 
occur outside "protected areas", "national parks" or "national monuments". 



GREECE - A Presidential Decree, n° 67 entitled "The Protection of Flora 
and Fauna and Regulations on Scientific Research", was published in 1979 
concerning the protection of endangered species and of nature in general. 
Over 750 plant species have been given statutory protection by this decree. 



ICELAND - The Nature Conservation Act 1956, amended 1971, provides for the 
protection of plant species in the following way : 

In Art. 23 : "The Nature Conservation Council can declare the protection of 
scientifically or culturally important plants or animals in order to 
prevent their disturbance, decrease or extinction. Protection can be 
applied locally or to the whole country". 

In Art. 24 and 25 respectively it says that nature reserves or 
national parks can be declared in areas which it is important to preserve 
because of unusual or exceptional landscape, plants or animals. 

At present the following 32 taxa of vascular plants are protected 
in the whole country. 



Ajuga pyramidali s 

Allium oleraceum 

Asplenium septentrlonale 

Asplenium trichomanes 

Asplenium viride 

Blechnum spicant var. fallax 

Botrychium simplex 

Callitriche brutia 

Carex flava 

Carex heleonastes 



Cryptogramma crispa 
Euphrasia calida 
Galium palustre 
Hymenophyllvnn wilsonnii 
Juncus gerardi 
Listera ovata 
Lycopodium clavatum 
Oxalis acetosella 
Papapaver radicatum subsp. 
stefanssonii 



Crassula aquatica 



Paris quadrifolia 



47 - 



Polygonum eimphibium 
Potentilla erecta 
Primula egaliksensis 
Rosa pimpinellif oli a 
Rosa vosagiaca 
Saxifraga folio losa 



Saxifraga paniculata 
Sieglingia decumbens 
Spergularia salina 

(= S. marina ) 
Stellaria calycantha 
Viola riviniana 



It is absolutely forbidden to pick the leaves or flowers, or to uproot 
or tread on any of the above-mentioned plants. 



IRELAND : The Flora (Protection) Order of 1980 in accordance with 
Article 21 of the Wildlife Act 1976, provides protection for 52 plant 
species throughout the State. 



Ajuga pyramidalis 
Arenaria ciliata 
Arthrocnemum pei'enne 
Asparagus officinalis 
Asplenium billotii 
Asplenium septentrionale 
Astragalus danicus 
Cardaminopsis petraea 
Crambe maritima 
Deschampsia setacea 
Epilobium alsinifolium 
Epipactis phyllanthes 
Erica ciliaris 
Eriophorum gracile 
Geranium purpureum 
Groenlandia densa 
Gymnocarpium robertianum 
Helianthemum canum 



Helianthemum nummularium 
Hydrilla verticillata 
Hypercium cana dense 
Inula salicina 
Lathyrus japonicus 
Lathyrus palustris 

Limonium paradoxum 

Limonium transwallianum 

Lotus hispidus 

Malaxis paludosa 

Mentha pulegium 

Minuartla recurva 

Najas flexilis 

Orobanche rapum-genistae 

Otanthus maritimus 

Pilularia globulifera 

Poa alpina 

Polygonum maritimum 



Pyrola rotundifolia 
Ranunculus tripartitus 
Rorippa islandica 
Salix phylicifolia 
Salvia horminoides 
Saussurea alpina 
Saxifrage hartii 
Saxifraga hirculus 



- 48 - 

Saxifraga nivalis 
Simethis planifolia 
Spiranthes romanzoff iana 
Taraxacxan gotlandicum 
Trichomanes speciosum 

Trifolium glomeratiim 
Trifolium subterraneum 

Trollius europeaus 



Under this Order, it is an offence to cut, pick, uproot or 
otherwise take, purchase, sell or be in possession of any of the above 
plants whether whole or part, or wilfully to alter, damage, destroy or 
interfere with the habitat of such a species. 

For reasons of scientific or educational investigation or other 
specified purposes a licensing system may be operated. 

Under Sections 42 and 46 of the earlier 1965 Local Government 
(Planning and Development) Act, a planning authority may control "undesir- 
able developments" and is empowered to pass a conservation order in the 
interests of amenity, for the protection of rare species of flora. 
Proposed amendments to this Bill will enable a planning authority to 
declare an area to be of special amenity by reason of, inter alia, "a 
need for nature conservation" and then to make a conservation order 
relating to the wild flora. 



ITALY - There is no national legislation giving protection to wild growing 
plant species save those regulating the collection of truffles and plants 
registered under the official flora - plants of medicinal or traditional 
economic value. 



Achilea erba-rotta 
Achilea moschata 
Aconitum napellus 
Acorus calamus 
Adonis spp. 
Angelica archangelica 
Arnica montana 
Artemisia absinthiun 
Artemisia glacialis 
Artemisia mutellina 



Artemisia nana 
Artemisia pontica 
Artemisia spicata 
Artemisia vallesiaca 
Artemisia vulgaris 
Atropa bel la-dona 
Bryonia dioica 
Carbenia beneficta 
Citrullus colocynthii 
Colchicum autumnale 



49 - 



ConiiJin macula turn 
Datura stramonium 
Delphinium staphlsagrla 
Dictamnus albus 
Digitalis purpurea 
Erythraea centaurium 
Fraxinus spp. 
Gentiana lutea 
Glycyrrhiza glabra 
Hyoscyamus niger 
Hyssopus officinalis 
Inula heleniuin 
Juniperus sabina 
Lappa major 
Lavandula latifolia 
Lavandula officinalis 
Lycopodiuin clavatuin 
Matricaria chamomilla 



Melissa officinalis 
Oenanthe phellandrium 
Peucedanum ostruthium 
Pinus pumilio 
Plantago psyllium 
Rhamnus catharticus 
Rhamnus franyila 

Saponaria officinalis 
Solanum dulcamara 
Tanacetum vulgare 
Taraxacum officinalis 
Teucrium montanvun 
Thymas vulgaris 

Tilia spp. 
Tussilago farfara 
Urginea maritima 
Valeriana officinalis 
Veratrum album 



During recent years, however, several northern, regional and provincial 
administrations have introduced measures to promote nature conservation, 
and to protect certain wild growing plant species in particular. A 
summary of these often complex regulations is given below. 

Region of Valle-d ' Aosta - Within this territory. Law n° 6 of 8 November J 956 
and a special decree, n° 43, of 31 January 1957, provided for the protection 
of individual species and also defined areas of botanical value. A list 
of 19 species is given. Damage to, and removal of the rootstock and the 
picking of these for gain, collection and trading, are prohibited. 



50 



Anemone a 


Ipina 


Aquilegia 


alpina 


Aquilegia 


vulgaris 


Artemisia 


glacialis 


Artemisia 


mutellina 


Artemisia 


spicata 


Cyclamen < 


europaeum 


Cypripedii 


Lim calceolus 



Daphne cneorvun 
Nigritella nigra 



Daphne mezerevun 
Daphne striata 
Eryngium alpinum 
Gentiana lutea 
Gentiana punctata 
Gentiana purpurea 
Leontopodium alpinum 
Lilium bulbiferum 
Lilium martagon 



Twelve flowers of each of these species may, however, be picked for 
personal use. 



Friuli-Venezia Region - Legislation in this region (Law n° 44 of 
18 August 1972) provides for the absolute protection of the following 
species : 
Fritillaria montana Narcissus poeticus 



Gentiana froelichii 
Gentiana tergestiana 
Iris illyrica 



Pleurogyne carinthiaca 
Wulfenia carinthiaca 



More limited protection for another 32 species, 2 genera and the family 
Orchidaceae is given - not more than 5 flowers of each of these species 
may be taken for personal use only. Trade in these species of protected 
plants is prohibited unless they arise from certified cultivated stock. 



Province of Bolzano - Legislation was enacted in 1972 (Law n° 13 of 
13 July) by way of which all herbaceous and shrubby plants which grow 
wild in the province are protected. No more than 10 flowering spikes 
may be gathered per person per day ; however, there are no restrictions 
on landowners gathering, for their own use, cultivated plants or those 
invading cultivated land. In addition, complete protection is extended 
to the following taxa : 



51 - 



Anemone alpina 
Cypripedium calceolus 
Daphne (all species) 
Dictamnus albus 
Leontopodium alpinum 
Leucojum vernian 
Lilium bulbifertun 



Lilium martagon 



Narcissus poeticus 


Nuphar lutea 


Nymphaea 


1 alba 


Paeonia 


officinalis 


Phyteuma 


comosum 


Primula 


auricula 



^^VPha (all species) 



Province of Trento - All herbaceous and shrubby species, mosses and lichens 
which are indigenous and grow wild in the Province are protected (Law n° 17 
of 25 July 1973). Not more than 1 kg. of fresh mosses and lichens, and 5 
flowering spikes of each of the species of wild flora may be gathered by 
any person in any one day. 



The following list of taxa are, in addition, completely protected. 

Anemone alpina 
Cypripedium calceolus 
Daphne (all species) 
Dictamnus albus 



Eryt±[roni\im dens-canis 
Fritillaria (all species) 
Ilex aquifolium 
Leontopodium alpinum 
Lilium bulbiferum 



Lilium martagon 
Melandriiam elisabethae 



Nuphar lutea 
Nymphaea alba 
Phyteuma comosus 
Primula auricula 
Primula spectabilis 
Ruscus aculeatus 
Taxus baccata 
Typha (all species) 



Lombardy Region - There are two aspects to the relevant ordinance (Law 
n" 58 of 17 December 1973). The first relates to the establishment of 
nature reserves and also provides an instrument to allow plants growing 
on land belonging to public institutions, or on private land, to flower. 
The second aspect deals specifically with the protection of the wild flora. 
The Chairmen of the Provincial Administrations, using a basic list 



52 - 



provided by the Regional Council, are charged with compiling 2 lists. 
One is to comprise species of plants to be protected - not more than 
6 flowers of each species are to be picked per person per day, and only 
for purely personal use. The second list is to be made up of very rare 
species, the picking of which is to be completely prohibited. The 
Chairmen of the Provincial Administrations may also prohibit the gathering 
of wild growing plant species in any specific locality. 



Piedmont Region - Three levels of protection have been declared 
(Regional Law n° 24 of 13 August 1974) : 

1. Plants which have complete protection. 

2. Plants which have special protection - six flower-bearing 
stems only of each species may be picked per day. 

3. Plants which have limited protection. One may pick as 
many flower-bearing stems as may be held in the hand. 

The Chairman of the Regional Council may, on the advice of 
the regional technical commission for the protection of flora, forbid 
the gathering of species of wild plants in specific localities where 
there is a danger that these species may become extinct. Mowing and 
grazing may also be temporarily prohibited in these circumstances. 



Lazio Region - Three degres of protection are provided for (Law n° 61 of 
16 September 1974) : 

1 . This relates to 73 rare or particularly noteworthy 
species considered to exemplify adaptation to the 
soil and climate of this region. Removal of these 
is prohibited while not more than 5 flowering spikes 
may be picked per day. This does not apply to the 
landowner on whose land they grow. 

2. Picking or unjustifiable possession of another 11 
species which are very rare or are in danger of 
becoming extinct is prohibited. 

Asphodeline lutea Linaria purpurea 

Biarum tenuifolium Linaria rubrifolia 

Carex grioleti Narcissus poeticus 

Chamaerops humils Pancratium maritimum 

Daphne oleaefolia Vitex agnus-castus 
Ilex aquifolium 

3. Authorisation to pick plants belonging to another two 
species, Atropa belladonna and Urginea maritima , must 
be obtained from the Mayor. 

Trading in protected species is prohibited. Cultivated specimens are 
required to have a certificate of origin. 



- 53 



Venetia Region - Absolute protection is extended Co 45 species and two 
genera (Law n 53 of 15 November 1974). These may not be gathered. 
The protection order also covers all species of mosses, lichens, grasses 
and shrubs which grow naturally on land classified as mountainous. 
Limited exploitation of these plants is permitted along similar lines 
to those allowed in other regions. 



Marches Region - Under extant law (N° 6 of 22 February 1973) areas may be 
scheduled as and when required to protect rare species of flora or species 
which are in danger of extinction. There are also regulations which 
provide for specific limitations on the cutting of tall tree species 
characteristic of the Region, in particular, very old trees of value to 
the environment. 



LIECHTENSTEIN - An amendment to the Nature Protection Law of 1933 provides 
two levels of protection for over 50 wild plants (Articles 16 and 17). 
This amendment of 17 January 1967 lists these protected species under 
Articles 16 and 17 as follows : 

Article 16 (full protection), It is forbidden to pick, pull up or dig out 
any of the following wild plant species: 



Aquilegia alpina 
Artemisia laxa 
Campanula thyrsoides 
Cephalanthera alba 
Cephalanthera longifolla 
Cephalanthera rubra 
Cypripedium calceolus 
Dracocephalum ruyschiana 
Eryngium alpinum 
Gladiolus palustris 
Hieracium aurantiacum 
Ilex aquifolium 
Leon tope di urn alpinum 
Lilium bulbiferum 
Lillum martagon 
Llmodorum abortivum 
Liparis loeselii 



Menyanthes trifoliata 
Nigritella rubra 
Nuphar luteum 
Nymphaea alba 
Ophrys apifera 
Ophrys aranifera 
Cphrys fuciflora 
Ophrys muscifera 
Orchis pa liens 
Orchis palustris 
Orchis traunsteineri 
Pulsatilla sulphurea 
Pulsatilla vernalis 
Taxus baccata 
Typha latifolia 
Typha minima 
Typha shuttleworthii 



54 



Article 17 (partial protection). It is forbidden to take the roots, 
rootstocks, bulbs or rosettes of the following wild plant species : 



Anemona narcissif lora 
Centaurea rhapontica 
Cirsium eriphorum 
Convallaria majalls 
Daphne mezereum 
Daphne striata 
Delphinium elatum 
Dianthus Silvester 
Gentiana clusii 

svibsp< kochiana 



Iris pseudacorus 
Iris sibirica 
Leucojum vernum 
Orchidaceae (all species) 
Primula auricula 
Pulsatilla alpina 
Rhododendron ferrugineum 
Rhododendron hirsutum 
Senpervivum (all species) 



For those species listed in Article 17, the picking of up to 
5 flowers or flowering branches is permitted. This also applies to 
willows, hazel, birch and aspen during the flowering season. 

It is prohibited to promote, to acquire or to offer for sale, 
in either a fresh or dry condition, plants granted full or partial pro- 
tection. The collecting or digging out of protected plants can be 
allowed by the Government for scientific, didactic or medicinal reasons 
insofar as the continued existence of the protected plants is not 
endangered . 

The abuse of wild plants of any species or the destruction of 
their habitat is also prohibited (Article 20, 1933). 



LUXEMBOURG - Provision for the protection of wild plants is given by the 
Nature Protection Law 1965. The following species are accorded complete 
protection ; they must neither be picked nor removed from their habitat. 
Buying, transporting, peddling and selling of these species in either a 
fresh or a dry state is forbidden. 



Aceras anthropophorum 
Anacamptis pyramidalis 
Anemone sylvestris 
Arnica montana 
Cephalanthera rubra 



Cypripedium calceolus 
Dianthus gratianopolitanus 
B^pipogium aphyllum 
Gentiana (all species) 
Helichrysum arenarium 



I 



55 



Ophrys (all species) 
Orchis militaris 



Hymenophyllum tunbrigense 
Limodoiruin abortivum 
Loroglossujn hircinum 
Ltinaria rediviva 
Lycopodiuin (all species) 



A further 19 species and all indigenous members of the genus Anther icum 
are provided with more limited protection. The aerial parts of these 
plants may be picked but not collected for the purpose of making money 
(this does not apply to the aerial parts of Convallaria majalis). It is 
forbidden to remove, damage or destroy the underground parts of these 
plants . 



Orchis 


purpurea 


Orchis 


simia 


Osmunda regalis 


Silene 


armeria 



Aconitum lycoctonxan 

Anemone Pulsatilla 

Anthericum (all native species) 

Aquilegia vulgaris 

Blechnum spicant 

Convallaria majalis 

Dianthus carthusianorum 

Dianthus deltoides 

Digitalis grandi flora 

Digitalis lutea 

Narcissus pseudonarcissus 



Orchidaceae - all species 

not included above 
Phyllitis scolopendrium 
Polystichum aculeatum 
Polystichum lobatum 
Polystichum lonchitis 
Polystichum setiferum 
Potentilla rupestris 
Saxifraga sponhemica 
Scilla bifolia 
Viscaria vulgaris 



The shrubs enumerated in list 3 are similarly protected. They 
must neither be cut down nor caused to die. It is forbidden to collect 
the above-ground parts of these shrubs for gain ; buying, selling and 
peddling are forbidden. (These regulations do not apply to the berries of 
Juniper.) 



Buxus sempervirens 
Daphne mezereum 



Ilex aquifolium 
Juniperus communis 



Centaurium umbellatum is also a partially protected plant. 
It must not be harvested for industrial purposes ; buying, selling and 
peddling are forbidden. 



56 



The picking of the above-ground parts of the plants listed in 
the partly protected categories above, for purposes other than commercial, 
are subject to the following imposed limits : 

1 . Not more than two fronds per person per species of 
the listed ferns may be picked 

2. With respect to the orchids not included in the 
absolutely protected section, the stems of those 
picked must be cut in such a way as to leave at 
least two leaves with the undisturbed basal part 

of the plant. The number of stems which may be taken 
must not exceed five per person per species. 

3. Concerning all the other plant species assigned 
limited protection, the total size of the bunch 
of taken stems and branches must not exceed 2 cm 
in diameter. Not more than one bunch per person 
per species may be picked. 

MALTA - There is still no list of plants which are formally protected. 



THE NETHERLANDS - The Besluit of 6 August 1973 specifies 31 plant species 

absolutely protected. 



and 5 genera as being 
Allium ursinum 
Arnica montana 
Butomus nmhellatus 
Campanula (all species) 
Cirsium dissectmn 
Colchicvmi autumnale 
Dianthus deltoides 
Dipsacus fullontjn 
Pros era (all species) 
Epipactis palustris 
Eryngium maritimxim 
Fritillaria meleagris 
Gentiana (all species) 
Gentianella (all species) 
Gymnadenia conopsea 
Juniperus conmrunis 
Lathyrus tuberosus 
Leucojum aestlvum 



Menyanthes trifoliata 
Narthecium ossifragum 
Orchis incamata 
Orchis maculata 
Orchis majalis 
Orchis morio 
Orchis praetermissa 
Origanum vulgare 
Omithogalum nutans 
Omithogalum umbellatum 
Osmunda regalis 
Pamassia palustris 
Platanthera bifolia 
Primula (all species) 
Salvia pratensis 
Veronica longifolia 
Vinca minor 
Viola calaminaria 



- 57 



It is prohibited to uproot or take any part of these plants. 
In addition, it is forbidden to possess these plants, or to offer them 
for sale, unless they have originated from propagated stock in a nursery 
or garden. In some provinces there have for some time been local 
regulations forbidding the collection of certain plants, for example 
Eryngium mar it imum . 



NORWAY - Section 13 of the Nature Conservation Act 1970 states that 

The King may decide that wild-growing plant species or 
plant colonies, which are rare or are in danger of extinction, 
shall be protected in the whole country or in specified 
areas." 

Only one plant species, however, is nationally protected : 
Viscum album . 

Further legislation on the protection of wildlife is currently 
being considered by the Norwegian government. This will involve a 
revision of the Nature Conservation Act and the replacement of the 
current system, under which a separate resolution is required to protect 
each species . 



PORTUGAL - No list of protected plant species yet exists for Portugal, 



SPAIN - No legislation has yet been enacted in Spain for the protection 
of wild growing plants. 



SWEDEN - the Nature Conservancy Act 1964, amended in 1973, provides for 
the protection of plant species by means of a territorial protection 
order effected under Section 7 of the said Act - nature reserves, or 
alternatively section 13 - national monuments. Special regulations 
prohibiting removal of, or causing damage to, any plant if the survival 
of the species concerned is thought to be threatened, are also provided 
in Section 14 which may be implemented by any of the 24 provincial 
governments - the subsequent protection order however is only operative 
within the provincial jurisdiction. The list of taxa protected under 
Section 14 of the Act in the different provinces enumerate 134 species 
and varieties and all members of the family Orchidaceae. 



SWITZERLAND - The Inventory of federal and cantonal law relating 
to the protection of wild growing plants was first drawn up in 
November 1974 and revised in October 1975. The Federal law of 1966 
on the protection of nature and landscape accorded absolute protection 
to the taxa listed below : 



- 58 



Aceras anthropophorum 
Adiantum capillus-veneris 
Adonis vernal is 
Anacamptis pyramidalis 
Androsace (all species) 
Anemone sylvestris 
Aquilegia alpina 
Annex ia (all species) 
Artemisia genipi 
Artemisia glacialis 
Artemisia mutellina 
Artp"''' sia nivalis 
Asphodellus albus 
Calla palustris 
Caxiex baldensis 
Cephalanthera (all species) 
Chamorchis alpina 
Coeloglossum virlde 
Corallorhiza trifida 
Coronilla corona ta 
Cypripedium calceolus 
Daphne alpina 
Daphne cneonim 
Delphinium elatum 
Dianthus glacialis 
Dlanthus gratianopolitanus 
Dictamnus albus 
Dracocephalum (both species) 



Ephedra helvetica 
Epipactis (all species ) 
Epipogium aphyllum 
Eritrichium nanum 
Eryngium alpininn 
Erythronium dens-canis 
Fritillaria meleagris 
Gladiolus (all species) 
Gocdyera repens 
Gymnadenia albida 
Gymnadenia odoratissima 
Herminium monorchis 
Himantoglosstim hircinum 
Iris sibirica 
Leucojum aestivum 
Lllium bulbiferum (all the 

subsp. bulbifervm & croceum) 
Lilium martagon 
Limodorum abortivum 
Liparis loeselii 
Listera (both species) 
Lychnis coronaria 
Malaxis (both species) 
Matteuccia struthiopteris 
Neottia nidus-avis 
Nigritella miniata 
Nuphar (both species ) 
Nymphaea alba 
Qphrys (all species) 



- 59 - 



Orchis (all species x) 
Paeonia officinalis 
Papaver alpinum 
Papaver rhaeticum 
Phyllitis scolopendrium 
Platanthera (both species ) 
Polystich\3in braunii 



Polystichum setiferum 
Pulsatilla vulcraris 
Sempervivum grandif lorum 
Sempervivxim vmlferi 
Serapias vomeracea 
Spiranthes (both species ) 
Tulipa (all species) 



X = except 0. latifolia , 0. macnlata , 0. mascula 

A further 300 species and varieties have some degree of protected 
status in one or more of the Cantons. An excellent book has been produced 
by the "Ligue suisse pour la protection de la nature", giving details of 
plants protected in Switzerland. A national red list of plant species is 
now being drawn up. 

UNITED KINGDOM - The Wildlife and Countryside Act of 1981 strengthens 
the earlier Conservation of Wild Creatures and Wild Plants Act of 1975 
with regard to plant protection. The number of fully protected plants 
(Schedule 8 of the 1981 Act) has increased from 21 to 62. These may not 
be picked, uprooted or destroyed. It is also an offence to trade or 
advertise for trade in wild specimens, parts or derivatives of any of 
these species. The only exceptions to the provisions are where a licence 
is issued by the appropriate authority, for educational, conservation or 
other scientific purposes. 



Alisma qreuninexan 
Allium sphaerocephalon 
Althaea hirsuta 
Alyssum alyssoides 
Arenaria norvegica 
Artemisia campestris 
Bupleurum bal dense 
Bupleurum falcatum 
Calamintha sylvatica 
Carex depauperata 
Cephalanthera rubra 



Cicerbita alplna 
Cotoneaster integerrimus 
Cyperus fuscus 
Cypripediuin calceolus 
Cystopteris dickieana 
Damasonium alisma 
Dianthus gratianopolitanus 
Diapensia lapponica 
E^ipogium aphyllum 
Eryngium campestre 
BXiphorbia peplis 



60 - 



Gentiana nivalis 
Gentiana verna 
Gladiolus illyricus 
Gnaphaliuin luteoalbuin 
Himantoglossum hircinviin 
Lactuca saligna 
Limonium paradoxum 
Limonium recurvmn 
Liparis loeselii 

Lloydia serotina 
Lychnis alpina 
Melanyyrxun arvense 

Mlnuartia stricta 

Ophrys fuci flora 

Ophrys sphegodes 

Orchis militaris 

Orchis simia 

Orobanche caryophyllacea 

Orobanche loricata 

Orobanche reticulata 



Petrorhagia nanteuilii 

Phyllodoce caerulea 

Polygonatum verticillatum 

Polygonum maritimuin 

Potentllla rupestris 

Pyrus cordata 

Ranunculus ophioglossifolius 
Rhinanthus serotinus 
Saxifraga cernua 
Saxifraga cespitosa 
Scirpus triquetrus 
Scleranthus perennis 
Stachys alpina 
Stachys germanica 
Teucrium scordium 
Trichomanes specios mn 
Veronica spicata 
Viola persicifolia 
Woodsia alpina 
Woodsia ilvensis 



The Act also forbids the uprooting of any wild plant unless you 
are the owner or occupier of the land upon which it grows, or anyone 
acting with the owner's permission. 



61 - 



4. CONCLUSIONS Resolution (77) 6 

ON THE CONSERVATION OF RARE 

AND THREATENED PLANTS IN EUROPE 

(adopted by the Committee of Kinisters on 21 February 1977) 

The Committee of Ministers, 

Referring to Resolutions no 2 of the European Ministerial Conferences on 
the Environment (Vienna 1973, Brussels 1976) on the protection of wildlife; 

Having regard to the list of rare, threatened and endemic plants in Europe 
commissioned by the European Committee for the Conservation of Nature and 
Natural Resources; 

Recalling that man and all animals are dependent for their survival on the 
plant kingdom; 

Recognizing that plants (species, sub-species, varieties, etc.) form a 
genetic resource of immeasurable value to mankind and that the economic 
potential of the plant kingdom is as yet only partly realised; 

Recognising the scientific, educational, recreational, aesthetic, cultural 
and ethical value of plants to mankind; 

Noting that the list includes some 1,400 species as rare and/or threatened 
in Europe, of which more than 100 are in imminent danger of extinction and 
that the figure of 1,400 represents approximately one tenth of the total 
European flora ; 

Realising that once a species becomes extinct, it cannot be recreated by 
man, and hence that it is of the utmost in^jortance to ensure the conservation 
of as many species as possible for the economic, scientific and cultural 
benefit of mankind; 

Recommends that the governments of member States of the Council of Europe 
be guided in their policy in this matter by the principles set out below; 

1. ensure adequate legal protection for all plants identified as 
endangered in the above-mentioned list with provision for licences to 
be issued for approved collection purposes ; 

2. provide minimum legal protection for all plants against depredations 
not yet covered by law; 

3. institute or complete national surveys of plants that are rare or 
threatened within their boundaries for appropriate dissemination and 
publication. Such surveys should: 

a. include plants that are rare or threatened only in particular 
countries and therefore not included in the list; 



- 62 - 



b. identify the principal threats to the plants so listed; 

c. specify the action needed to ensure their survival; 

4. establish nature reserves and designate areas in which vegetation and 
flora are protected by law and stimulate the setting up of nature 
reserves by private bodies, with the long-term aim of ensuring that 
all species on the list can be found in such areas and in so doing 
contribute to the establishment of the European network of biogenetic 
reserves which was the subject of Resolution (76) 17; 

5. incorporate safeguards in future planning strategies to protect all 
species on the list, as the major threat to many plants is created by 
changing patterns of land use; 

6. stimulate, undertaJce and co-ordinate through competent organisations 
multidiscipl±nary researtdi at national or international level, with 
particular enphasis on bring^ing together information on plants fotmd 
in more tlian one country with a view to : 

a> extending and iuipi-uvl ng knowledge about the flora of those areas 

in Europe that are still insufficiently known botanically, so as 

to be able to make constructive proposals for conservation and 
planning purposes* 

b. promoting studies on the habitat, autoecology and population 
biologu of eacdi plant on the list to provide the information 
needed from ^^ich integrated conservation manag«nent plants can 
be foimnlated. 

c . promoting studies on the dynamics and ecology of the vegetation 
types in which the plants on the list occur. 



- 63 - 



DEFINITIONS OF THE lUCN RED DATA CATEGORIES 



Extinct (Ex) 



Possible or Presumed Extinct (? Ex) 



Endangered (E) 



Taxa in danger of extinction and whose survival is unlikely if the causal 
factors continue operating. 

Included are taxa whose numbers have been reduced to a critical level or 
whose habitats have been so drastically reduced that they are deemed to be 
in immediate danger of extinction. 



Vulnerable (V) 



Rare (R) 



Taxa believed likely to move into the Endangered category in the near 
future if the causal factors continue operating. 

Included are taxa of which most or all the populations are decreasing 
because of over-exploitation, extensive destruction of habitat or other 
environmental disturbance; taxa with populations that have been seriously 
depleted and whose ultimate security is not yet assured; and taxa with 
populations that are still abundant but are under threat from serious 
adverse factors throughout their range. 



Taxa with small world populations that are not at present Endangered or 
vulnerable but are at risk. 

These taxa are usually localized within restricted geographical areas or 
habitats or are thinly scattered over a more extensive range. 



Indeterminate (I) 



Taxa known to be Extinct, Endangered, Vulnerable or Rare but where there is 
not enough information to say which of the four categories is appropriate. 



Insufficiently Known (K) 



Taxa that are suspected but not definitely known to belong to any of the 
above categories because of the lack of information. 



Out of Danger (O) 



Taxa formerly included in one of the above categories, but which are now 
considered relatively secure because effective conservation measures have 
been taken or the previous threat to their survival has been removed. 

In practice. Endangered and Vulnerable categories may include, temporarily, 
taxa whose populations are beginning to recover as a result of remedial 
action, but whose recovery is insufficient to justify their transfer to 
another category. 

For species which are neither rare nor threatened, the symbol 'nt' is used. 



- 64 



6. STATISTICS ON SINGLE COUNTRY ENDEMIC SPECIES (amended 12 November 1982) 



COUNTRY 

Albania 

Austria 

Azores 

Balearic Is- 

Belgium 

Bulgaria 

Canary Islands 

Corsica 

Czechoslovakia 

Denmark 

Faeroe Is . 

Finland 

France 

F.R.G. 

G.D.R. 

Gibraltar 

Greece 

Hungary 

Iceland 

Ireland 

Italy 

Luxembourg 

Madeira 

Malta 

Netherlands 

Norway 

Poland 

Portugal 

Romania 

Sicily 

Sardinia 

Spain 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

U.K. 

Yugoslavia 
*****♦»*** 



ENDEMIC SPECIES 



Ix 


E 


V 


R 


I 


K 


nt 


TOTAL 




1 


2 


11 


6 


2 


2 


24 






1 


7 


8 


6 


20 


42 







5 


18 


6 


11 


14 


55 




4 


7 


18 






22 


52 








1 




4 


10 


18 


8 


2 


10 


53 




64 


124 


121 


9 


43 


152 


514 




1 


5 


8 


1 


1 


15 


31 




2 




2 
2 


2 




3 

1 


9 
2 
1 


4 


9 
2 


14 


24 


2 


16 


11 

1 


80 
3 


1 


1 




1 






1 


3 

1 


5 


26 


38 


357 


39 


60 


224 


749 




1 


8 


1 

1 
. 1 


1 


1 




11 
1 
2 




6 


17 


48 


5 


16 


50 


l,fl2 





17 

1 
2 


30 


39 

1 

1 





22 


23 

1 

1 


■1 

131 
2 

2 

3 


2 


11 


1 1 


26 


1 




9 


bO 


1 


6 


12 


17 




3 


7 


46 




5 


5 


12 


3 


3 


10 


38 




5 


3 


10 




1 


8 


27 


1 


13 


17 


150 

1 


3 


21 


292 
4 


497 
4 
1 


1 


1 


2 


7 






4 


15 


1 


1 


6 


85 


3 


21 


20 


137 








1 




1 


1 


3 



GRAND TOTALS 21 183 317 988 97 230 

TOTAL OF THREATENED ENDEMICS: 2742 



906 



2742 



Ex : EXTINCT 
I : INDETERMINATE 



E : ENDANGERED V: VULNERABLE R: RARE 
K : INSUFFICIENTLY KNOWN nt : NEITHER RARE NOR THREATENED 



7. 



65 - 



LIST OF RARE AND THREATENED PLANTS IN EUROPE 



REGIONAL WORLD 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 



ASPIDIACEAE 



Cystopteris sudetica A.Braun Austria (Ex) ; Czechoslovakia (E) 
& Milde F.R.G.(E); Norway(R) 

Poland (R); Romania (nt) 



Diplazium caudatum (Cav. ) 
Jenny 



Spain(E) 



Diplazium sibiricum (Turcz. Finland (R); Norway (R) 

ex Kunze ) Kurata 
Dryopteris aemula (Aiton)O.Kuntze France 
Dryopteris fragans (L. ) Finland(R) 

Schott 



V 
R 



Dryopteris fragrans (L. ) 
Schott 



Finland(R) 



ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium adulterinum Milde Austria(R); Czechoslovakia (R) 

Finland(R); F.R.G.(R) 
G.D.R.(R); Norvay(nt) 
Poland (R); Romania 
Sweden(R); Switzerland (R) 
Yugoslavia (R) 



Asplenium aegae\un Lovis & 



Greece ( R ) 



al. 










Asplenium 


bourgaei Milde Greece (R) 




R 




Asplenium 


creticum Lovis 


Greece 


R 


R 


Asplenium 


hemionitis L. Portugal ( R) ; 


Spain(V) 


V 




Asplenium 


jahandiezii (Litard. ) Rouy 


France 


V 


V 


Phyllitis 


hybrida (Milde) Christensen 


Yugoslavia 


R 


R 



HYMENOPHYLLACEAE 



Trichomanes speciosum Willd. France; Ireland(V) 

Italy (K); Portugal(V) 
Spain(E); U.K.(E) 



ISOETACEAE 

Isoetes boryana Durieu 



France (V) ; 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 66 - 



ISOETACEAE 

Isoetes brochonii Motelay France; Spain (V) 
Isoetes heldreichii Wettst. Greece 

Italy 
France 



Isoetes malinverniana Ces. S De Not. 



Isoetes tenuissima Bor. 



V V 

I I 

V V 

V V 



LYCOPODIACERE 

Diphasium issleri (Rouy) 
Holub 



HAKSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. 



Marsilea strigosa Willd. 



Pilularia globalifera L. 



Austria; Belgium (E) 
Cze chos lo vaki a ( R ) ; Denma rk ( R ) 
France(E); F.R.G. (V) 
G.D.R.(V); Hungary (V) 
Poland(R); Yugoslavia(R) 



Albania ; Austria ( R ) 
Bulgaria(V); Czechoslovakia (R) 
France(V); F.R.G. (Ex) 
Hang«Ty(R); Italy(V) 
Poland (Ex); Portugal (V) 
Bnwni«(V); Spain(I) 
Swit2erland(E); Yugoslavia(V) 

France ( E ) ; Italy 
Portugal (R); Sardinia (I) 
Spain(R) 

Belgiuia(V); Channel Is. (Ex) 
Corsica(E); Czechoslovakia (R) 
Denmark (R); Finland (R) 
France( V ); F.R.G. (E) 
G.D.R.(V); Ireland(V) 
Italy(E); Netherlands (R) 
Norway (E); Poland(K) 
Portugal(V); Spain(V) 
Sweden(V); Switzerland( E) 
U.K.(nt); Yugoslavia(E) 



V V 



OPHIOGIOSSACEAE 



Botrychium lanceolatum 

(S.G.Qnelin) Xngstrcm 



Austria (R); Finland (R) 
France (E); Iceland(nt) 
Italy (V); Norway 
Poland(R); Sweden (R) 
Switzerland(R) 



Botrychium matricariifolium 
A.Braun ex Kocdi 



Albania ; Austria ( I ) 
Belgium (Ex); Czechoslovakia (R) 
Denmark (V); Finland(R) 
France(E); F.R.G. (EJ 
G.D.R.(V); Hungary (V) 
Italy (V); Netherlands (Ex) 
Norway (R); Poland (R) 
Romania ; Sweden ( V ) 
Switzerland(R); Yugoslavia{R) 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 67 - 



OPHIOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium multifidum 

(S.G.Gmelin) Rupr. 



Botrychium simplex Hitchc. 



Botrychitun virginianijm (L. ) 
Swart z 



PSILOTACEAE 

Psilotiim nudvun (L. ) Beauv« 
PTERIDACEAE 



Austria(I); Czechoslovakia (R) 
Denmark ( V ) ; Finland ( nt ) 
France (E) ,- F.R.G. (E) 
G.D.R.(Ex); Hungary(V) 
Italy (V); Norway (K) 
Poland (R); Romania (R) 
Sweden(R); Switzerland (R) 
Yugoslavia (R) 

Austria (R); Corsica (E) 
Czechoslovakia ( Ex ) ; Denmark (E) 
Finland (R); France (E) 
F.R.G. (Ex); G.D.R.(Ex) 
Iceland(R); Italy(V) 
Norway (Ex); Poland(R) 
Sweden(E); Switzerland (E) 
Yugoslavia (R) 

Austria(I); Czechoslovakia (Ex) 
Finland(V); F.R.G. (E) 
Hungary(R); Italy(K) 
Poland(R); Romania (V) 
Sweden(V); Switzerland(R) 
Yugoslavia (R) 



Spain (E) 



nt 



Pteris cretica L. 



Pteris dentata Forssk. 



Pteris serrulata Forssk. 



THELYPTERIDACEAE 



Corsica ( R ) ; France ( I ) 
Italy (V); Sicily (V) 
Sardinia(R); Switzerland (R) 

Greece (E) 

Spain{E) 



E 
E 



nt 



Christella dentata (Forssk.) Greece(E); Italy{E) 
Brownsey S Jermy Spain(E) 

GYMNOSPERMAE 



nt 



CUPRESSACEAE 

Juniperus cedrus Webb S 
Berthel. 

Juniperus drupacea Labill. 

Tetrad inis articulata 
(Vahl) Mast. 



Canary Is.(E); Madeira (E) 

Greece (V) 
Malta(E); Spain(V) 



E E 

V nt 
V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 68 



PINACEAE 

Abies nebrodensis (Lojac. ) Mattel 
Abies pinsapo Boiss< Spain(V) 

Picea omorika (PanCiC) Purkyne 
ANGIOSPERMAE 

ACANTHACEAE 

Justicia hyssopifolia L. 

ALISMATACEAE 



Sicily 



Yugoslavia 



Canary Is • 



Alisma wahlenbergii 
(O.R.Holmberg) 
Juzepczuk 



Finland(R); Sweden(E) 



Caldesia pamassifolia (L. ) Austria(I); Bulgaria (Ex) 
Pari. France (V); F.R.G.(E) 

G.D.R. (Ejc) ; Hungary(E) 
Italy (V); Poland(R) 
Romania; Switzerland( E) 
Yugoslavia ( Ex ) 



Damasonium minimum Lange 

Echinodorus repens (Lam. ) 
Kern S Reichg. 

Liironium natans (L. ) Raf. 



ALTINGIACEAE 

Liquidambar orientalis 
Miller 

AMARYLL ID ACEAE 

Galanthus cilicicus Baker 



Spain (V) 

Belgium(I); Netherlands (V) 



Belgium(R); Bulgaria (nt) 
Czechoslovakia ( Ex ) ; Denmark (E) 
France ( V); F.R.G.(E) 
G.D.R. (E); Italy 
Netherlands (V); Norway (V) 
Poland (R); Romania (Ex) 
Spain (R); Sweden (E) 
O.K. (nt) ; Yugoslavia 



Greece (R) 



Greece ( R ) 



Galanthus ikariae Baker 

Galanthus plicatus H.Bieb. Rofflania(R) 

Galanthus reginae-olgae Orph. 



Greece 



Greece 



E E 

V V 

R R 



R R 



V V 



V 

V V 

V V 



R nt 

R 

R R 

R 

V V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



69 - 



AMARYLLIDACEAE 

Leucojmn longifolixmi (Gay ex Roemer) Gren. & Corsica 
Godron 



Leucojum nicaeense Ard. 

Leucojum roseum Martin 

Narcissus longispathus Pugsley 

Narcissus scaberulus Henriq. 

Narcissus viridiflorus 
Schousboe 



France (V); Italy (?) 
Corsica (R); Sardinia (R) 
Spain 
Portugal 
Spain (V) 



Pancratium canariense Ker-Gawl. 

ANACARDIACEAE 

Rhus pentaphylla (Jacq.) Sicily(R) 
Desf . 

Rhus tripartita (Ucria) Sicily(R) 
Grande 

APOCYNACEAE 

Rhazya orientalis (Decaisne) Greece (V) 
A. DC. 

AQUIFOLIACEAE 

Ilex perado Aiton ssp. per a do 

Ilex platyphylla Webb & Berthel. 
ARACEAE 

Biarum davisii Turrill 

Biarum spruneri Boiss. 

Dracunculus canariensis Kunth 
ARISTOLOCHIACEAE 

Aristolochia bodamae Dingier Greece (R) 



Canary Is . 



Madeira 
Canary Is. 

Greece 
Greece 
Canary Is . 



V 
R 
I 
V 
V 



V 
R 

I 
V 



R K 



R K 



R R 

E E 

R R 

R R 

V V 

R nt 



Aristolochia sicula Tineo 
ASCLEPIADACEAE 

Caralluma burchardii N.E.Brown 



Sicily 



Canary Is. 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 70 - 



Italy (E); Spain (R) 
Spain ( I ) 



ASCLEPIADACEAE 

Caralluma europaea (Guss>) 
N.E.Brown 

Carallurna munbyana 

(Decaisne) N.E.Brown 

Ceropeqia ceratophora Svent. 

Ceropegia chrysantha Svent. 

Ceropeqia dichotoma Haw. 

Ceropegia fusca Belle 

Ceropegia hians Svent. 

Ceropegia krainzii Svent. 

Vincetoxicuni creticum Browicz 

Vincetoxicum pannonicum (Borhidi) Holub 

BALANOPHORACE&E 



Canary Is . 


V 


V 


Canary Is. 


I 


I 


Canary Is . 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


V 


V 


Greece 


R 


R 


Hungary 


V 


V 



Cynomorium coccineum L. 

BE31BERIDACE&E 

Berberis maderensis Lowe 

Gymnospenpium altaicum 
(Pallas) Spach 

BETULACEAE 

Betula hvmilis Schrank 



Italy (I); Malta (E) 
Portugal (E); Sicily (I) 
Sardinia; Spain (R) 



Madeira 
Greece (E); Romania (K) 



Austria (R); Czechoslovakia (Ex) 
P.R.G.(V); G.D.R.(V) 
Poland; Romania (V) 
Switzerland(E) 



BORAGINACEAE 

Alkanna calliensis Heldr. ex Boiss< 
Alkanna methanaea Hausskn. 
Alkanna noneiformls Grlseb. 



Alkanna pelia (Halacsy) Rech.f. 

Alkanna primulifolia Griseb. Bulgaria(R); Greece(R) 



Greece 
Greece 
Yugoslavia 
Greece 



nt 



V V 

I I 



R R 

I I 

R R 

R R 

R R 



Bare and "nireatened Plants 



- 71 



BORAGINACEAE 

Alkanna pulmonaria Griseb. 
Alkanna sandwithii Rech.f. 
Alkanna sartoriana Boiss- & Heldr 



Alkanna sieberi DC. 

Alkanna stribrnyi Velen . 

Anchusa aggregata Lehm. 

Anchusa cespitosa Lam. 

Anchusa crispa Viv. 

Anchusa macrosyrinx Rech.f. 

Anchusa phocidica L.-A.Gustavsson 

Anchusa rechingeri Riedl 

Anchusa sartorii Heldr. ex Gusul. 



Yugoslavia 
Albania 
Greece 
Greece 

Bulgaria (R); Yugoslavia (R) 

Greece (R); Sicily(E) 

Greece 

Corsica(E); Sardinia (E) 
Greece 
Greece 
Greece 
Greece 



Anchusa serpentinicola 
Rech.f. 

Anchusa spruneri Bolss. 

Buglossoides gastonii 

(Benth. ) I.M.Johnston 

Buglossoides glandulosa 

(Velen. ) R.Fernandes 



Greece (R); Yugoslavia (R) 

Greece 
France (V) ; Spain 

Bulgaria ( V) ; Romania (I) 



Cynoglossum sphacioticum Boiss. & Heldr. Greece 

Echiijm acanthocarpum Svent. Canary Is. 

Echium auberianum Webb & Berthel. Canary Is. 

Echium bonnet! i Coincy Canary Is. 

Echium callithyrsum Webb ex Bolle Canary Is. 

Echium cantabricum (Lainz )Pernandez-Casas & Greece 
lainz 

Echium gentianoides Webb ex Coincy Canary Is. 

Echium giganteum L.f. Canary Is. 

Echium handiense Svent. Canary Is. 



R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 




R 


R 


E 


E 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


V 


V 



R 
V 
E 
R 
V 
V 

E 
V 
E 



R 
V 
E 
R 
V 
V 

E 
V 
E 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 11 - 



BORAGINACEAE 

Echium hierrense Webb ex Bolle 

Echiiim leucophaeum Webb ex Sprague & Hutch. 

Echium pininana Webb & Berthel • 

Echium simplex DC. 

Echlian sventenii D.Bramwell 

Echium virescens DC. 



Echium webbii Coincy 

Echium wildpretii H. H.W.Pearson ex Hook.f. 

Elizaldia calycina (Roemer & Spain(E) 
j.A.Schultes ) Maire 



Halacsya sendtneri (Boiss.) Albania; Yugoslavia(R) 
Doerf ler 



Canary Is . 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is . 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is . 

Canary Is. 



Lithodora nitida (H.Em) R.Femandes 
Ldt±iodora oleifolia (Lapeyr. ) Griseb. 
Lithodora zahnii (Heldr.) I.M.Johnston 
Lithospermum goulandriorum Rech.f. 



Spain 
Spain 
Greece 
Greece 



Macrotomia densiflora 

(Ledeb. ex Nordmann) 
Ma cb ride 



Mattiastrum 



Greece (E) 



Greece (R) 



lithospermifolium 
(Lam. ) A. Brand 

Moltkia doerfleri Wettst. 

Myosotis cunbigens (Beguinot) Grau 

Myosotis azorica H.C.Watson 

Myosotis gallica Vestergren 

Myosotis rehsteineri Wartm. 



Albania 
Italy 
Azores 
Prance 



Myosotis ruscinonensis Rouy 



Austria(E); F.R.G.(E) 
Italy (E); Switzerland( E) 

France 



R 
R 
E 
V 
R 
R 
R 
V 
E 



R 
V 
R 
R 
E 



I 
R 
R 
R 
E 



R 
R 
E 
V 
R 
R 
R 
V 



R 
V 
R 
R 
nt 

nt 

I 
R 
R 
R 
E 



Myosotis soleirolii Gren. & Corsica(R); Sardinia(R) 
Godron 



Ex Ex 

R R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



73 



BORAGINACEAE 

Myosotis stenophylla Knaf 

Omphalodes gallaecica 

Ctnphalodes littoral is Lehm. 

Omphalodes luciliae Boiss. 

Ctnphalodes pavoniana Boiss* 

Onosma bubanii Stroh 

Onosma elegantissima Rech.f . & Goulimy 

Onosma euboica Rech.f. 



Austria (R); Czechoslovakia (R) 
Hungary (V); Poland(E) 
Romania ( I ) 

Spain 

Prance 



Greece (V) 



Spain 

Spain 

Greece 

Greece 

Greece 

Greece 

Romania 



Onosma leptantha Heldr. 

Onosma psammophila Rech.f. & Riedl 

Onosma pseudarenaria Schur 

Onosma rhodopea Velen. Bulgaria (I); Greece (R) 

Onosma taygetea Boiss. S Heldr. Greece 

Onosma tornensis S.Javorka Czechoslovakia (V) ; Hungary (V) 

Paraskevia cesatiana (Fenzl & Friedr. ) W. & Greece 
G. Sauer 

Procopiania circinalis (Runemark) Pawl. Greece 

Procopiania insula ris Pawl. Greece 

Romania ( R ) 



Pulmonaria filarszkyana 
S . Javorka 



Rindera graeca (A.DC. ) Boiss. & Heldr. 



Greece 



Solenanthus albanicus (Degen Albania (R); Greece (E) 
et al) Degen & Baldacci 



Solenanthus pindicus Alden 



Greece 
Spain 



Solenanthus reverchonii Degen 

Solenanthus scardicus Bornm. Albania (R); Yugoslavia (R) 



V 


V 


E 


E 


V 


nt 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


E 


E 


R 


R 


I 


I 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 



Solenanthus stamineus 
(Desf . ) Wettst. 



Greece (E) 



nt 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



74 



BORAGINACEAE 

Symphytum cycladense Pawl . 

Symphytum davisli Wickens 

Symphytum gussonei F.W.Schultz 

Symphytum icaricum Pawl. 

Symphytum naxicola Pawl • 

CALLI TRICHACEAE 

Callitriche pulchra Greece (V) 

Schotsman 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Asyneuma comosiforme Hayek & Janchen 

Asyneuma giganteum (Boiss* ) Bomm. 

Azorina vidalii (H.C.Watson) Feer 

Campanula aizoides Zaffran 

Canpanula aizoon Boiss • S Spruner 

Campanula apennina (Podlech) Podlech 

Canpanula beckiana Hayek Austria ( I ) ; 

Campanula carpatha Halacsy 

Campanula columnaris Contandr. et al 

Campanula constantlni Beauverd & Topali 

Campanula creutzburgii Greuter 

Campanula cymaea Phitos 

Canganula delicatula Boiss. Greece (R) 

Campanula elatinoides Moretti 

Campanula euboica Phitos 

Campanula f enestrellata Feer 

Campanula forsythii (Arcang. ) Podlech 

Campanula gelida Kovanda 

Campanula goulimyi Turrill 



Greece 
Greece 
Sicily 
Greece 
Greece 



E E 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 



Albania 


R 


R 


Greece 


V 


V 


Azores 


V 


V 


Greece 


R 


R 


Greece 


V 


V 


Italy 


R 


R 


avia(R) 


I 


I 


Greece 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 




R 


nt 


Italy 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 


Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Sardinia 


V 


V 


Czechoslovakia 


E 


E 


Greece 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



75 - 



CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula hagielia Boiss . 
Campanula hercegovina Degen & Fiala 
Campanula heterophylla L. 
Campanula hierapetrae Rech.f. 
Campanula incurva Aucher ex A. DC. 
Campanula isophylla Moretti 



Campanula jaubertiana 
Timb.-Lagr. 



France(R); Spain(R) 



France(V); Italy{E) 



Canpanula justinlana Witasek 

Campanula lacinlata L. 

Cangaanula lavrensis (Tocl & Rohl.) Phitos 

Campanula longisepala Podlech 

Campanula merxmuelleri Phitos 

Campanula morettiana Reichenb. 

Cagganula nisyria Papatsou S Phitos 

Campanula papillosa Halacsy 

Campanula petraea L. 

Campanula pindicola Alden 

Campanula portenschlagiana J.A.Schultes 

Campanula poscharskyana Degen 

Campanula pseudostenocodon lacaita 

Campanula raineri Perp. 

Canganula rechingeri Phitos 

Ceunpanula reiseri Halacsy 

Campanula romanica Savul. 

Campanula rupestris Sibth. & Smith 

Canpanula rupicola Boiss • S Spruner 

Campanula sabatia De Not. 



Greece 


R 


R 


Yugoslavia 


V 


V 


Greece 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 


Italy 


R 


R 


^) 


R 


R 


Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Greece 


I 


I 


Greece 


R 


R 


France 


R 


R 


Greece 


I 


I 


Italy 


V 


V 


Greece 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 





V 


V 


Greece 


R 


R 


Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Italy 


R 


R 


Italy 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 


Romania 


V 


V 


Greece 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 


Italy 


E 


E 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



76 - 



CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula sartorii Boiss. S Heldr. 
Campanula saxatilis L. 
Cagpanula sciathia Phitos 
Campanula scopelia Phitos 
Campanula secundiflora Vis. & Panfiifi 
Campanula sporadum Feer 



Greece 

Greece 

Greece 

Greece 

Yugoslavia 

Greece 



Canpanula transsilvanica 
Sctiur ex Andrae 



Bulgaria (R); Romania (E) 



Canpanula willkommi i Witasek 
Campanula xylocarpa Kovanda 
Canarina canariensis (L. ) Vatke 
Edraianthus dalmaticus (A. DC. ) A. DC. 
Edraianthus dinaricus (A.Kemer) Wettst. 
adraianthus pumilio (Portenschlag) A. DC. 



Spain 

Czechoslovakia 

Canary Is. 

Yugoslavia 

Yugoslavia 

Yugoslavia 



Edraianthus wettsteinii 
Halacsy & Baldaccl 

Jasione penicillata Boiss* 

Musschia aurea (L.f . ) DC. 

Musschia wollastonii Lowe 

Physoplexis comosa (L. ) 
Schur 

Phyteiima gallicum R.Schulz 

Phyteuma humile Schleicher 
ex Gaudin 

Phyteiima pseudorbiculare 
Pantocsek 



Albania(R); Yugoslavia (R) 

Spain 

Madeira 

Madeira 

Austria (R); Italy (V) 
Yugoslavia ( R) 

Prance 

Prance ( ? ) ; Italy ( R ) 
Switzerland(R) 

Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 



Symphyandra cretica A. DC. 
Symphyandra hofmannii Pantocsek 
Symphyandra sajnothracica (Degen) Halacsy 
Symphyandra sporadum Halacsy 



R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


R 


R 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 



Greece 


R 


R 


Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Greece 


V 


V 


Greece 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



77 - 



CAMPANULACEAE 

Trachelium asperuloides Boiss . & Orph. 

Trachelium jacqruinii (Sieber) Boiss. 
CAPRIFOLIACEAE 



Greece 
Greece 



V V 
R R 



Lonicera bi flora Desf. 



Sambucus lanceolata R.Br. 



Spain (R) 



Sambucus palmensis Link 

Viburnum tinus L. ssp. rigidum (Vent. ) P 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Agrostemma gracilis Boiss. Greece (I) 

Arena ria capillipes Boiss. 

Arenaria cinerea DC. 

Arenaria conica Boiss. 

Arenaria controversa Boiss. France (V); 

Arenaria fragillima Rech.f. 

Arenaria gionae L.-A.Gustavsson 

Arenaria guicciardii Heldr. ex Boiss. 

Arenaria halacsyi Baldacci 

Arenaria hispida L. France (V); 

Arenaria humifusa Wahlenb. Norway (R); 

Arenaria huteri A.Kerner 

Arenaria lithops Heywood ex McNeill 

Arenaria litoralis Phitos 

Arenaria luschanii McNeill Greece (R) 

Arenaria nevadensis Boiss. S Reuter 

Arenaria oxypetala Sibth. & Greece (R) 
Smith 

Arenaria peloponnesiaca Rech.f. 



Madeira 
Canary Is. 
iSilva Canary Is. 



Spain 

France 

Spain 

Spain (R) 

Greece 
Greece 
Greece 
Yugoslavia 

Spain (I) 

Sweden (R) 

Italy 
Spain 
Greece 

Spain 
Greece 



R 

R R 

E E 

R R 



I 
R 
R 
R 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
V 
R 
R 

R 
I 
R 
R 
R 



K 

R 
R 
R 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
V 



R 

I 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 78 



CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria provincialis Chater & Halliday 

Arena ria pungens Clemente ex Spain (R) 
Lag. 

Arenaria rigida M»Bieb» Bulgaria (R); 

Arenaria saponarioides Greece ( I ) 
Boiss* & Balansa 

Arenaria tomentosa Willk. 

Bolanthus creutzburgii Greuter 

Bolanthus fruticulosus (Bory & Chatobard) 
Barkoudah 

Bolanthus laconicus (Boiss • ) Barkoudah 

Buf onia perennis Pourret 

Bufonia teneriffae Christ 

Bufonia tuberculata Loscos 

Cerastitan alslnlfolium Tausch 

Cerastium azoricum Hochst. 

Cerastium runemarkii Moschl & Rech.f . 

Cerastium smolikanum Hartvig 

Cerastium sventenii Jalas 

Cerastium theophrasti Menan. & Strid 

Cerastium transsilvanicum Schur 

Cerastiiim vagans Lowe 

Cerastium vourinense Moschl & Rech.f. 

Dianthus aciphyllus Sieber ex Ser. 

Dianthus anticarius Boiss. & Reuter 

Dianthus arpadianus Ade & Greece (R) 
Bo mm. 

Dianthus burgasensis Tutin 

Dianthus callizonus Schott & Kotschy 



France 



Romania 



Spain 

Greece 

Greece 

Greece 

France 

Canary Is. 

Spain 

Czechoslovakia 

Azores 

Greece 

Greece 

Canary Is . 

Greece 

Romania 

Madeira 

Greece 

Greece 

Spain 

Bulgaria 
Romania 



V 


V 


R 




R 


R 


I 




R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


E 


E 


R 


R 


I 


I 


I 


I 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 




I 


I 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



79 - 



CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus cinnamomeus Sibth. Greece (R) 
& Smith 

Dianthus costae Willk. 

Dianthus diutinus Kit. 



Spain 
Hungary 



Dianthus dobrogensis Prodan BulgariaCl ) ; Roinania(E) 
Dianthus freynii Vandas Bulgaria (I); Yugoslavia(R) 

Dianthus fruticosus L. Greece 



Dianthus gallicus Pers. 



Channel Is.(E); France fV) 
Spain (V) 



Dianthus glacialis Haenke ssp= gelidus (Schott, Romania 
Nyman S Ky ) Tutin 



Dianthus graniticus Jordan 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus 
Vill. 



Dianthus juniperinus Etaith 



France 

Belgium(R); Czechoslovakia (R) 
France(R); F.R.G.(R) 
G.D.R. (nt); Luxembourg(E) 
PDland(R); Switzerland (R) 
O.K.(V) 



Dianthus langeanus Willk. 
Dianthus marizii G.Scimp. 

Dianthus mercurii Heldr. 

Dianthus myrtinervius 
Griseb. 

Dianthus nardiformis Janka 



Bulgaria ( R) ; Romania (V) 
Yugoslavia ( 7) 



Czechoslovakia (R) ; Poland (Ex) 
Bulgaria (R) 



Dianthus nitidus Waldst. & 
Kit. 

Dianthus pallidif lorus Ser. 

Dianthus pulviniformis Greuter Greece 

Dianthus pungens L. France (R); Spain (V) 

Dianthus rhodius Rech.f. Greece 



Dianthus rupicola Biv. 



Balearic Is.(R); Italy (V) 
Sicily(V) 



R 
R 

I 
I 
R 
V 



R 
R 



R 
V 
V 
R 
V 



R 
R 

I 
I 
R 
V 



R 
R 



Greece 


R 


R 


Lschers. et al Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Spain (V) 


V 


V 


Portugal 


R 


R 


Greece 


I 


I 


Greece (R); Yugoslavia (R) 


R 


R 



K 

V 
V 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



80 



CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus sphacioticus Boiss. S Heldr. 

Dianthus stamatiadae Rech.f. 

Dianthus stribrnyi Velen. 

Dianthus urumoffii Stoy. & Acht. 

Dianthus xylorrizus Boiss. S Heldr. 

Dicheranthus plocamoides Webb 

Gypsophila achaia Bornm. 

Gypsophila macedonica Vandas 

Gypsophila papillosa P. Porta 

Herniaria algarvica Chaudri 

Herniaria baetica Boiss. S Reuter 

Herniaria berlengiana (Chaudhri) Franco 

Herniaria canariensis Chaudhri 

Herniaria maritima Link 

Herniaria micrantha Greece (R) 

A.K.Jackson & Turrill 

Loeflingia tavaresiana G.Samp. 

Lychnis nivalis Kit. 

Minuartia cataractarum Janka 

Minuartia grignensis (Reichenb.) Mattf. 

Minuartia handelii Mattf. 

Minuartia olonensis (Bonnier) P.Fourn. 



Greece 

Greece 

Bulgaria 

Bulgaria 

Greece 

Canary Is. 

Greece 

Yugoslavia 

Italy 

Portugal 

Spain 

Portugal 

Canary Is . 

Portugal 

Portugal 

Romania 

Romania 

Italy 

Yugoslavia 

France 

Greece 



Minuartia pichleri (Boiss.) Maire & Petitm. 

Minuartia platyphylla (Gay ex Christ) McNeill Canary Is 

Minuartia saxifraga Bulgaria(R) ; Greece(R) 

(Frivald.) Graebner 

Minuartia stojanovii (Kit.) Bulgaria(V); Greece(R) 
Kozuharov & Kuzmanov 



R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


I 


I 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


R 




K 


E 


V 


V 


E 


E 


I 


I 


R 


R 


Ex 


Ex 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 





Minuartia velenovskyi 
(Rohl. ) Hayek 



Albania ; Yugoslavia (R) 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



81 - 



CARYOPHY LLACEAE 

Minuartia webbii McNeill & D.Bramwell 

Minuartia wettsteinii Mattf . 

Hoehringia dielsiana Ma ttf . 

Moehringia fontqueri Pau 

Moehringia grisebachii Janka Bulgaria(R); Romania(V) 



Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 


Italy 


R 


R 


Spain 


R 


R 


ia(V) 


V 


V 



Moehringia jankae Griseb. ex Bulgaria(R) ; Romania(V) 
Janka 

Moehringia markgrafii Merxm. & Guterm. Italy 

Moehringia minutiflora Bornm* Yugoslavia 

Moehringia papulosa Bertol • France(R); Italy(V) 



Moehringia tommasinii 
Marches. 



Italy(E); Yugoslavia(R) 



Moehringia villosa (Wulfen) Italy; Yugoslavia (R) 
Fenzl 

Paronychia borninuelleri Chaudhri Greece 

Paronychia carica Chaudhri Greece (R) 

Paronychia gomerensis (Burchard) Svent. & Canary Is. 

D.Brainwell 

Petrorhagia alpina (Habl. ) Bulgaria(R) 

P. W. Ball & Heywood 

Petrorhagia dianthoides (S. s S. ) P. W. Ball & Greece 

Heywood 

Polycarpaea camosa C.Smith ex Buch Canary Is. 

Polycarpaea smithii Link Canary Is. 

Polycarpaea tenuis Webb ex Christ Canary Is. 

Pteranthus dichotomus Malta (Ex) 

Forssk. 

Saponaria chlorifolia Kunze Greece (V) 



R 
R 
V 
V 



R 
R 
R 



R 
V 
R 
Ex 



R 
R 
V 
V 



nt 



R 
V 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 82 



CARYOPHTLLACEAE 



Silene 


aegyptiaca (L. ) L.f. Greecei 


[Ex) 




Ex 




Sllene 


almolae Gay 




Spain 


R 


R 


Silene 


ammophila Boiss. & Heldr. 




Greece 


R 


R 


Silene 


barbeyana Heldr. ex Boiss. 




Greece 


R 


R 


Silene 


bergiana Lindman 




Portugal 


I 


I 


Silene 


berthelotiana Webb 




Canary Is* 


R 


R 


Silene 


bourjeaui Webb ex Christ 




Canary Is. 
France 


R 
R 


R 


Silene 


brachypoda Rouy 


R 


Silene 


campanula Per s . France ( R ) ; 


Italy(R) 


R 


R 


Silene 


cimariensls Willd. 




Canary Is. 


I 


I 


Silene 


cintrana Rothm. 




Portugal 


R 


R 


Silene 


cordifolia All. France (R); 


Italy(R) 


R 


R 


Silmc 


cythnia (Halacsy) Walters 




Greece 


R 


R 


SLljum 


damboldtiana Greater & Melzh. 




Greece 


R 


R 


Silene 


diclinis (Lag. ) M.Laxnz 




Spain 


V 


V 


Sil«m 


dictaea Rech.f. 




Greece 


R 


R 


Si lene 


dinarica Sprengel 




Romania 


R 


R 


Silene 


dionysii Stoy. & lordanov 




Greece 


R 


R 


Silene 


echinospenna Boiss. & Heldr. 




Greece 


R 


R 


Silene echinospennoides Greece (R) 
Baixr-MOT. 




R 


R 


Silene 


elegans Link ex Brot. 




Portugal 


R 


R 


Silene 


elisabetha Jein 




Italy 


R 


R 


Silene falcata Sibth. & Greece (R) 
SSiiith 




R 




Silene 


furcata Raf. Finland (R) 

Sweden (R) 


; Norway (I) 


R 




Silene 


gaditana Talavera & Bocquet 




Spain 


R 


R 


Silene 


giraldii Guss. Italy; 


Sardinia (R) 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 83 



CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Silene goulimyi Turrill 

Silene guicciardii Boiss. & Heldr. 

Silene haussknechtii Heldr. ex Hausskn. 



Greece 
Greece 
Greece 



Silene hifacensis Rouy ex Balearic Is.(E); Spain (I) 
Willk. 



Silene holzmannii Heldr. ex Boiss* 

Silene insularis Barbey 

Silene laconica Boiss. s Orph. 

Silene lagunensis C. Smith 

Silene leptoclada Boiss. Greece (R) 

Silene linicola C.C.Qnelin 



Greece 
Greece 
Greece 
Canary Is. 



Silene macrantha (PanCiC) 
Neumayer 

Silene macrodonta Boiss. 

Silene macrorhiza Gay & 
Durieu ex Lacaita 



Austria(E); France (E) 
F.R.G.(Ex); Italy(E) 

Albania (R); Yugoslavia (R) 



Greece (R) 

Portugal (R); Spain (R) 



Silene niederi Heldr. ex Boiss. 
Silene nocteolens Webb & Berthel. 
Silene oligantha Boiss. S Heldr. 
Silene orphanidis Boiss. 
Silene pentelica Boiss. 
Silene pindicola Hausskn. 
Silene pinetorum Boiss. S Heldr. 
Silene pogonocalyx (Svent. ) D.Bramwell 
Silene retzdorf f iana (K.Maly) Walters 
Silene rothmaleri Pinto da Silva 
Silene sabinosae Pitard 
Silene schmuckeri Wettst. 



Greece 

Canary Is. 

Greece 

Greece 

Greece 

Greece 

Greece 

Canary Is. 

Yugoslavia 

Portugal 

Canary Is. 

Yugoslavia 



R 

I 
V 

I 

V 
R 
R 
V 
R 
E 



R 
R 

R 
R 
R 
E 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
E 
R 
R 



R 

I 
V 

I 

V 
R 
R 
V 



nt 
R 

R 
R 
R 
E 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
E 
R 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



84 - 



CARYOPHYLLACEAE 



Silene schwa rzenbergeri Albania (K); Greece (R) R R 

Halacsy 

Silene spergulifolia Greece (R) R 

(Willd.) M.Bieb. 

Silene squamigera Boiss • Greece (R) R nt 



Silene stenocalycina Rech.f . 



Greece R R 



Silene stockenii Chater Spain R R 

Silene tempskyana Freyn S Sint. Greece R R 

Silene urvillei Schott Greece (R) R 

Silene velutina Pourret ex Corsica (E); Sardinia(7) E E 

loisel. 

Silene viscariopsis Bornm. Yugoslavia R R 

Silene vulgaris (Moench)Garcke 

ssp thore (Duf.) Chater & Walters France (R) V 

Silene zawadzkii Herbich Romania (R) r r 

Spergularia azorica (Kindb. ) Lebel Azores V V 

Spergularia fallax Lowe Canary Is.(R); Madeira (R) R r 

Spergularia fimbriata Boiss. Gibraltar; Spain (R) R 

Stella ria crassipes Hulten Norway (R); Sweden (R) R 

CELASTRACEAE 

Euonymus nanus M.Bieb. Romania(V) V 

Maytenus canariensis (Loes.) Kunkel & Sunding Canary Is. R R 

Maytenus dryandri (Lowe) Ixjes. Madeira V V 

CHEMOPODIACEAE 

Anabasis articulata Spain (R) r 

(Forssk. ) Moq. 

Bassia hirsuta (L. ) Aschers. Belgium ( Ex ) ; Bulgaria(R) V 

Corsica(E); Denmark (V) 
France(V); P.R.G.(R) 
G.D,R.(Ex); Italy 
Nether lands (Ex); Romania (V) 
Sardinia (nt); Sweden (Ex) 
Yugoslavia (V) 

Beta nana Boiss. & Heldr. Greece R r 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



85 



CHENOPODIACEAE 

Beta patula Alton 
Corispermum canescens Kit. 



Corispermum marschallii 
Steven 

Corisperitnim nitidum Kit. 



Madeira 

Czechoslovakia (R ) ; Hungary(R) 
Romania (E) 

Czechoslovakia ( R) ; F.R.G.(E) 
Poland(R); Romania (V) 



Austria (Ex); Bulgaria (R) 
Czechoslovakia (R ) ; Hungary (R) 
Romania (R); Yugoslavia 
Halimione pedunculata (L.) Aellen France (E) 

Italy (R); Portugal(R) 



Halopeplis amplexicaulis 
(Vahl) Ung.-Stemb. 



Kochia saxicola Guss. 

Microcnemum coralloides 

(Loscos & Pardo) Font 
Quer 

Noaea mucronata (Forssk.) 



Sicily(R); Sardinia(R) 
Spain (E) 



Italy 



Spain (V) 



Greece (R) 



Aschers. S Schweinf. 

Salicornia veneta Pignattl & Lausi Italy 

Salsola carpatha P.H.Davis Greece 

Salsola webbii Moq. Spain (R) 

CISTACEAE 

Cistus albanicus E.F.Warb. Albania ( I ) ; Greece (R) 
ex Heywood 

Cistus heterophyllus Desf. Spain (E) 

Cistus osbeckiifolius Webb ex Christ 



Cistus palhinhae Ingram 
Cistus varius Pourret 



Canary Is. 
Portugal 



France ( I ) 



Fumana paphlagonica Bornm. S Greece (R) 

Janchen 
Helianthemum almeriense Pau 

Helianthemum alypoides Losa S Rivas Goday 

Helianthemum bystropogophyllum Svent. 



Spain 
Spain 
Canary Is. 



R 
R 



nt 



E 
V 



E E 
V 



E E 
R R 
R R 



E 
R 



E 
E 
R 
I 
R 

R R 

V V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



86 



CISTACEAE 



Helianthenrnm stipulatum Greece (V) 




V 




(Forssk.) Christensen 




Helianthemum teneriffae Coss. 


Canary Is. 


V 


V 


Helianthemum tholiforme D.Bramwell & al. 


Canary Is. 
Canary Is. 


V 
R 


V 


Helianthemum thymiphyllum Svent. 


R 


Helianthemum viscarium Spain(R) 




R 




Boiss. & Reuter 




Tuberaria major (Willk. ) Pinto da Silva et al 


Portugal 


E 


E 



CNEORACEAE 

Neochanaelea pulvenilenta (Vent. ) Erdtman 

COMPOS ITAE 

Achillea absinthoides Halacsy 
Achillea barbeyaaa Heldr. & Heimerl 



Achillea biebersteinii 
Afanas. 

Achillea horanszkyi Ujhelyi 

Achllle* impatiens L. 

Achillea ochroleuca Hirh. 



Bulgaria (R) 



Romania (E) 



Canary Is. 

Greece 
Greece 

Hungary 



Czechoslovakia ( V) ; Hungary ( R) 
Romania (V); Yugoslavia (R) 



Achillea taygetea Boiss. & Heldr. 
Achillea thracica Velen. 



Greece 
Bulgaria 
Anacyclus alboranensis Esteve Chueca & Varo Spain 



Andryala crithmifolia Alton 
Andryala levitomentosa (Nyar. ) Sell 
Andryala webbii Schultz Bip. ex Christ 



Madeira 
Romania 
Canary Is. 



Antennaria nordhageniana 
Rune & Ronning 



Finland ( ? ) ; Norway ( V ) 



Anthemis abrotanifolia (Willd. ) Guss* Greece 

Anthemis argyrophylla (Halacsy & Georgieff ) Bulgaria 
Velen. 



R 


R 


R 


R 


R 




E 


E 


E 




V 




R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


V 


V 


E 


E 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


E 


E 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



87 - 



COMPOS ITAE 

Anthemis chrysantha Gay Spain (R) 

Anthemis filicaulis (Boiss. & Heldr. ) Greuter Greece 

Bulgaria 



Anthemis gaudium-solis Velen. 
Anthemis gerardiana Jordan 
Anthemis glaberrima (Rech.f.) Greuter 
Anthemis hydruntina Groves 
Anthemis ismelia Lojac. 



France 
Greece 

Italy 
Sicily 



Anthemis meteorica Hausskn. Greece(R); Yugoslavia(R) 



Anthemis orbelica PanCift 

Anthemis panachaica Halacsy 

Anthemis pindicola Heldr. ex Halacsy 

Anthemis rhodensis Boiss. 

Anthemis rumelica (Velen. ) Stoy. S Acht. 

Anthemis sancti-johannis Turrill 

Anthemis sibthorpli Griseb. 

Anthemis stribrnyi Velen. 

Anthemis tuberculata Boiss. Spain(R) 

Anthemis virescens Velen. 



Bulgaria 

Greece 

Greece 

Greece 

Bulgaria 

Bulgaria 

Greece 

Bulgaria 

Bulgaria 
Greece 



Anthemis werneri Stoy. S Acht. 

Argyranthemum broussonetii (Pers.) Humphries Canary Is. 

Argyranthemum callichrys^lm (Svent. ) Humphries Canary Is. 

Argyranthemum coronopifolium (Willd. ) Humphries Canary Is. 



Argyranthemum dissectum ( lowe ) IxDwe 

Argyranthemum escarrei (Svent.) Humphries 

Argyranthemum foeniculaceum (Willd. ) Webb ex 
Schultz Hip. 

Argyranthemum haemotomma ( Lowe ) Lowe 



Madeira 
Canary Is. 
Canary Is. 

Madeira 



R 

R 

I 

V 

E 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

I 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

I 

V 

V 

V 



R 
I 
V 
E 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
I 
R 
R 
R 
R 

R 

I 
V 
V 
V 



R R 
R R 
R R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



88 



COMPOS IT AE 

Argyranthemum hierrense Humphries Canary Is. 

Argyranthemum lemsii Humphries Canary Is. 

Argyranthemum lidii Humphries Canary Is. 

Argyranthemum maderense (D.Don) Humphries Canary Is. 

Argyranthemum pinnatifidum (L.f . ) Lowe ssp. Madeira 
succulentum (Lowe) Humphries 

Argyranthemum sventenii Humphries & Aldridge Canary Is. 

Argyranthemum webbii Schultz Bip. Canary Is. 

Argyranthemum winteri (Svent. ) Humphries Canary Is. 

Artemisia argentea L'Herit. Madeira 

Artemisia atrata Lam. France (R); Italy (R) 

Yugoslavia ( R ) 

Artemisia cantabrica (M.Lainz) M.Lainz 



Artemisia granatensis Boiss. 
Artemisia insipida Vill. 
Artemisia laciniata Willd. 
Artemisia legionensis 
Artemisia molinieri Quezel 
Artemisia nitida Bertol. 



Spain 

Spain 

France 

Austria(E); G.D.R.(Ex) 

Spain 

Fra nee 

Austria (R); Italy (R) 
Yugoslavia (R) 



Artemisia norvegica Fries Norway(R); U.K. (R) 



Artemisia pancicii ( Janka ) 
Ronn. 



Austria(V); Czechoslovakia (E) 
Yugoslavia (R) 



Artemisia ramosa C.Smith ex Link 



Canary Is. 



Asparagus umbel latus Link ssp. lowei (Kunth ) Madeira 
Valdes 

Aster albanicus Degen Albania (V); Yugoslavia (R) 

Aster pyrenaeus Desf . ex DC. France 

Aster sibiricus L. Norway (E) 

Asteriscus schultzii (Bolle) Pitard & Proust Canary Is. 



V 


V 


I 


I 


E 


E 


V 


V 


E 


E 


V 


V 


R 


R 


£ 


E 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


Ex 


Ex 


E 




R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


K 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


E 


E 


E 


nt 


E 


E 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 89 



COMPOS ITAE 

Atractylis arbuscula Svent. S Michaelis 
Atractylis preauxiana Schultz Bip. 
Atractylis tutinii Franco 
Bellis azorica Hochst. ex Seub. 



Bellis bernardii Boiss. & Reuter 



Canary Is. 
Canary Is. 
Spain 
Azores 
Corsica 



Berardia subacaulis Vill. 
Buphthalmum inuloides Moris 
Calendula maderensis DC. 



France (R); Italy (R) 

Sardinia 



Calendula suffruticosa Vahl ssp. maritima 
(Guss.) Meikle 

Carduus adpressus C.A.Meyer Bulgaria (R) 

Carduus aurosicus Vill. 

Carduus baeocephalus Webb 

Carduus bourgeaui Kazmi 

Carduus myriacanthus Salzm. Spain (E) 
ex DC. 

Carduus ramosissimus PanCifi Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 



Madeira 
Sicily 

France 
Canary Is. 
Canary Is . 



Carduus squarrosus (DC. ) Lowe 

Carduus thracicus (Velen. ) Hayek 

Carlina diae (Rech.f . ) Meusel & Kastner 

Carlina fivunensis Simonkai 

Carlina sitiensis Rech.f. 

Carlina xeranthemoides L.f . 

Centaurea achaia Boiss. & Heldr. 

Centaurea aegialophila Greece ( V ) 
Wagenitz 



Centaurea amplifolia Boiss. Albania ( 7 ) ; Bulgaria (I) 
S Heldr. Greece 



Madeira 

Bulgaria 

Greece 

Yugoslavia 

Greece 

Canary Is. 

Greece 



E 
E 
R 
I 
R 
R 
V 
V 
E 

R 

R 
V 
V 

E 

R 
V 
V 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
V 



E 

E 
R 
I 
R 
R 
V 
V 
E 



R 
V 

V 

E 

R 

V 
V 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 



Centaurea argecillensis Gredilla 



Spain 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



90 



COMPOS ITAE 

Centaurea baldaccii Degen ex Baldaccl 

Centaurea balearica J.D.Rodriguez 

Centaurea biokovensis Teyber 

Centaurea bombycina Boiss. ex DC. 

Centaurea bovina Velen. 

Centaurea candelabrum Hayek & Kosanin 

Centaurea carratracensis Lange 

Centaurea chalcidlcaea Hayek 

Centaurea chrysocephala Phitos s Georgiadis 

Centaurea corcubionensis M.Laine 

Centaurea corymbosa Pour ret 

Centaurea crithmifolia Vis. 

Centaurea cuspidata Vis. 

Centaurea cytherea Rech.f . 

Centaurea dalmatica A.Kemer 

Centaurea diluta Aiton Spain (R) 

Centaurea ebenoides Heldr. ex S.Moore 



Greece 

Balearic Is. 

Yugoslavia 

Spain 

Bulgaria 

Albania 

Spain 

Greece 

Greece 

Spain 

France 

Yugoslavia 

Yugoslavia 

Greece 

Yugoslavia 

Greece 



Centaurea exarata Boiss. ex Portugal ( R ) ; Spain (R) 
Coss. 



Centaurea fraylensis Schultz Bip. ex Nyman 
Centaurea friderici Vis. 



Centaurea glaberrima Tausch 

Centaurea grbavacensis 

(Rohl. ) Stoy. & Acht. 



Portugal 

Yugoslavia 

Yugoslavia 



Greece (R); Yugoslavia( R) 



Centaurea haenseleri (Boiss.) Boiss. 
Centaurea heldreichii Halacsy 
Centaurea horrida Badaro 
Centaurea huljakii Wagner 



Spain 
Greece 
Sardinia 
Greece 



V V 
E E 
R R 
R R 
I I 
R R 
R R 
R R 
R R 
R R 

V V 
R R 
R R 
R R 
R R 
R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

E E 

E E 

R R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 91 - 



COMPOS ITAE 

Centaurea innnanuelis-loewii Bulgaria (E) ; Greece ( I ) 
Degen 



Centaurea incompta Vis • 

Centaurea ipsaria Stoy. S Kit. 

Centaurea jankae Brandza 

Centaurea kalambakensis Freyn & Sint. 



Yugoslavia 
Greece 
Romania 
Greece 



Centaurea kartschiana Scop. Italy(V); Yugoslavia (R) 



Centaurea kemerana Janka 

Centaurea kosaninii Hayek 

Centaurea laconica Boiss. 

Centaurea lactiflora Halacsy 

Centaurea lactucifolia Boiss. 

Centaurea lainzii Fernandez Casas 

Centaurea laureotica Heldr. ex Halacsy 

Centaurea leucophaea Jordan ssp. 

pseudocoerulescens (Briq.) Dostal 

Centaurea linaresii Lazaro 

Centaurea lltochorea Georgiadis & Phitos 

Centaurea loscosii Willk. 

Centaurea macrorrhiza Willk. 

Centaurea mannagettae Podp. 

Centaurea marschalliana Romania 
Sprengel 

Centaurea megarensis Halacsy S Hayek 

Centaurea micracantha Dufour 

Centaurea monticola Boiss. ex DC. 

Centaurea murbeckii Hayek 

Centaurea musakii Georgiadis 

Centaurea musaruin Boiss. & Orph. 



Bulgaria 

Albania 

Greece 

Greece 

Greece 

Spain 

Greece 

France 

Spain 

Greece 

Spain 

Spain 

Bulgaria 

Greece 

Spain 

Spain 

Yugoslavia 

Greece 

Greece 



R R 

R R 

E E 

E E 

V V 
R R 

V V 
R R 
E E 
R R 
R R 
R R 

V V 

E E 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 
V 

E E 

R R 

R R 

R R 

I I 

R R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



92 - 



COMPOS ITAE 

Centaurea nicolai Baldacci Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 
Centaurea nicopolitana Bornm. Greece 

Centaurea niederi Heldr. Greece 

Greece 
Greece 
Greece 



Centaurea oliveriana DC. 



Centaurea ossaea Halacsy 

Centaurea pangaea Greuter & Papanic. 

Centaurea parlatoris Heldr. Italy(V); Sicily (V) 



Centaurea parnonia Halacsy Greece 

Centaurea pawlowskii Phitos S Damboldt Greece 

Centaurea paxorum Phitos 6 Georgiadis Greece 

Centaurea peucedanifolia Boiss. & Orph. Greece 
Centaurea pinnatifida Schur Romania (R) 

Centaurea poculatoris Greuter Greece 

Centaurea polymorpha Lag. Spain 

Centaurea pontica Prodan S Nyar. Romania 

Centaurea prespana Rech.f . Greece 

Centaurea princeps Boiss. S Heldr. Greece 
Centaurea procumbens Balb. France (R); Spain 

Centaurea pseudocadmea Hagenitz Greece 

Centaurea psilacantha Boiss. & Heldr. Greece 

Centaurea ptarmicifolia Halacsy ex Hayek Greece 
Centaurea pumilio L. Greece (V) 

Centaurea rechingeri Phitos Greece 

Centaurea redempta Heldr. Greece 

Centaurea rothmalerana (Arines) Dostal Portugal 

Centaurea rufidula Bornm. Yugoslavia 
Centaurea ruthenica Lam. Romania (E) 



R 
R 
E 
R 
I 
R 
V 
I 
R 
R 
E 
R 
V 
R 
E 
R 
E 
R 
I 
R 
R 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
V 



R 
R 
E 
R 

I 
R 

I 
R 
R 
E 

V 
R 

E 
R 
E 
R 
I 
R 
R 

R 
R 
R 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



93 



COMPOS IT AE 

Centaurea sadlerana Janka Austria(R); Czechoslovakia (R) 

Hungary (R) 

Centaurea schousboel Lange Portugal (R) ; Spain (R) 

Centaurea soskae Hayek ex Kosanin Yugoslavia 

Centaurea spinosociliata Seenus Yugoslavia 

Centaurea spruneri Boiss. & Albania (K ) ; Greece (R) 
Heldr. 



Centaurea subsericans Halacsy 
Centaurea tauromenitana Guss. 
Centaurea transiens Halacsy 
Centaurea triamularia Alden 
Centaurea tuntasia Heldr. ex HalScsy 



Greece 
Sicily 
Greece 
Greece 
Greece 



Centaurea varnensis Velen. 



Bulgaria (I); Romania (E) 



Centaurea wettsteinii Degen S Doerfler Yugoslavia 

Centaurea xylobasis Rech.f. Greece 

Centaurea zlatarskyana Urumoff & Wagner Bulgaria 

Cheirolophus arboreus (Webb) Holub Canary Is. 

Cheirolophus arbutifolius (Svent. ) Kunkel Canary Is. 

Cheirolophus argutus (Nees ) Holub Canary Is. 

Cheirolophus canariensis (Brouss. ex Willd. ) Canary Is. 
Holub 

Cheirolophus duranii (Burchard) Holub Canary Is. 

Cheirolophus ghomerythus (Svent.) Holub Canary Is. 

Cheirolophus junonianus (Svent. ) Holub Canary Is. 

Cheirolophus massonianus (Lowe) Hansen & Madeira 
Sunding 

Cheirolophus satarataensis (Svent. ) Holub Canary Is. 

Cheirolophus sventenii (Santos) Kunkel Canary Is. 

Cheirolophus tagananensis (Svent. ) Holub Canary Is. 



R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


E 


E 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


V 


V 


E 


E 


E 


E 


V 


V 


V 


V 


E 


E 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 94 - 

COMPOS IT AE 

Cheirolophus webblanus (Schultz Bip.) Holub 



Canary Is. 



Chlamydophora tridentata 
(Delile) Ehrenb. ex 
Less< 



Greece (R) 



Chondrilla pauciflora Ledeb. Bulgaria (R) 



Cirsivun bourgaeanum Willk. 

Cirsium brachycephalum 
Juratzka 



Cirsivun bulgaricum DC. 

Cirsium epirotictan Petrak 

Cirsium furiens Griseb. & 
SchenV 

Cirsium lat-ifolium Lowe 

Cirsium mairei Halacsy 

Cirsium morinifolium Boiss* & Heldr* 



Spain 

Austria; Czechoslovakia (R) 
Hungary(R); Romania(V) 
Yugoslavia (R) 

Bulgaria (R) 

Greece 

Hungary (V); Romania 



Madeira 

Greece 

Greece 



Crepis albanica (S.Javorka) Albania (R); Yugoslavia (R) 
Babe. 

Crepis athoa Boiss* Greece 

Crepis auriculifolia Sieber ex Sprengel Greece 

Crepis baldaccii Halacsy Albania (R); Greece (R) 

Crepis bertiscea S.Javorka Albania 

Crepis canariensis ( Schultz Bip . ) Babe . Canary Is . 

Crepis crocifolia Boiss. & Heldr. Greece 

Crepis divaricata (Lowe) Madeira (R) 
P. W. Schultz 

Crepis guioliana Babe. Greece 

Crepis heldreichiana (Kuntze ) Greuter Greece 

Crepis macedonica Kitanoff Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 

Crepis multicaulis Ledeb. Norway (Ex) 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



V V 

R 



R R 

V V 



R 
R 
V 

V 

R 
R 
R 

R 
R 
R 
R 
V 
E 
R 

R 
R 
R 
Ex 



R 
V 

V 
R 

R 
R 

R 
R 
R 
R 
V 
E 
R 

R 
R 
R 



^ 



- 95 - 



COMPOS ITAE 

Crepis noronhaea Babe. 

Crepis pantocsekii (Vis. ) 
A.Latzel 

Crepis pawlowskii Strid 

Crepis pusilla (Sommier) 
Merxm. 



Madeira 
Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 



Greece 



Greece(R); Malta(R) 
Portugal (R) 



Crepis schachtii Babe. Bulgaria 

Crepis sibthorpiana Boiss . S Heldr. Greece 

Crepis stojanovii Georgieff Bulgaria (V) 

France (R); Italy (R) 



Crepis suffreniana (DC. ) 
Lloyd 

Crepis tingitana Ball 

Crepis tybakiensis Vierh. 

Daveaua anthemoides Mariz 

Doronictun cataractarum Widder 

Echinops spinosus L. 

Erigeron candidus Widder 

Erigeron major (Boiss.) Vierh. 

Erigeron nanus Schur 

Evacidium discolor (DC. ) 
Maire 

Evax rotundata Moris 

Filago duriaei Coss. ex 
Lange 



Spain (R) 



Portugal (R) 



Sicily(R) 



Greece 

Austria 

Austria 

Spain 

Czechoslovakia(R) ; Poland(R) 
Romania 

Sicily(V) 

Corsica (V); Sardinia (R) 
Spain(I) 



Filago eriosphaera (B. & H.) Greece (R) 
Chrtek & Holub 

Filago mareotica Delile Spain (R) 

Gonospermum elegans (Cass.) DC. 

Gonospermum gomerae Bolle 

Helichrysum amorginum Boiss. & Orph. 



R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


nt 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 




R 


R 


R 




R 


R 


R 




R 


R 


R 


K 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 



V 

I 





R 




Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


V 


V 


Greece 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 96 - 



COMPOSITAE 



Helichrysum doerfleri Rech.f. 


Greece 


R 


R 


Helichrysxim gossypinum Webb 


Canary Is. 


V 


V 


Helichrysum heldreichii Boiss • 


Greece 


R 


R 


Helichrysum monizii Lowe 


Madeira 


R 


R 


Helichrysum monogynum B.L.Burtt & Sunding 


Canary Is. 


E 


E 


Helichrysum sibthorpii Rouy 


Greece 


V 


V 


Hymenostemma pseudanthemis (Kunze ) Willd. 


Spain 


R 


R 


Hyoseris taurina (Pampan. ) Martinoli 


Sardinia 


R 


R 


Hypochoeris oligocephala (Svent. & D.Bramwell) 
Lack 


Canary Is. 


E 


E 


Hypochoeris tenuiflora (Boiss.) Boiss- 


Greece 


R 


R 


Ifloga obovata Belle 


Canary Is. 


I 


I 


Inula helvetica Weber France (I); F.R.G. 

Italy (R); Spain 
Switzerland(V) 


(E) 


V 


V 


Inula oxylepis Hausskn. 


Greece 


R 


R 


Inula pseudolimonella (Rech.f.) Rech.f. 


Greece 


R 


R 


Inula rotundifolia (Hal^csy) Greuter 


Greece 


R 


R 


Inula serpentinica Rech.f. S Goulinry 


Greece 


r" 


R 


Inula subfloccosa Rech.f. 


Greece 


R 


R 


Jurinea cyanoides (L. ) Czechoslovakia (E) 
Reichenb. 


; F.R.G. (V) 


V 


K 


Jurinea fontqueri Cuatrec. 


Spain 


R 


R 


Jurinea taygetea Halacsy Bulgaria( V) ; Greece(R) 


V 


V 


Jurinea tzar-ferdinandii Davidoff 


Bulgaria 


V 


V 


Kleinia mandraliscae Tineo Sicily(R) 




R 


K 


Lactuca herbanica Burchard 


Canary Is. 


I 


I 


Lactuca livida Boiss. & Reuter 


Spain 


R 


R 


Lactuca longidentata Moris ex DC. 


Sardinia 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



97 



COMPOS ITAE 

Lactuca palmensis Bo lie 
Lactuca watsoniana Trelease 



Canary Is. 
Azores 
Canary Is. 
Greece 

Sardinia 



Lactucosonchus webbii (Schultz Bip. ) Svent. 

Lamyropsis carpini Greuter 

lamyropsis cynaroides (Lam.) Greece (R) 
Dittrich 

Lamyropsis mlcrocephala (Moris) Dittrich & 
Greuter 

Lasiopogon muscoides (Desf.) Spa in (R) 
DC. 

Leontodon berinii (Bartl.) Italy; Yugoslavia (R) 
Roth 

Leontodon boryi Boiss- ex DC. Spain 

Leontodon microcephalus (Boiss. ex DC.) Boiss. Spain 

Leontodon siculus (Guss.) Italy(E); Sicily(E) 
Finch & Sell 

Leucanthemum arundanum Spain (R) 
(Boiss.) Cuatrec. 

Leucanthemiom chloroticum A.Kerner & Murb. 



Leucanthemum corsicum (Less. ) DC. 
Leuzea cynaroides (Link) Font Quer 
Leuzea longifolia Hoffmanns. S Link 



Yugoslavia 
Corsica 
Canary Is. 

Portugal 



Leuzea rhaponticoides 
Graells 

Ligularia glauca (L. ) 
O.Hoffman 

Ligularia sibirlca (L. ) 
Cass. 



Portugal (R) ; Spain (R) 



Bulgaria (R) ; Czechoslovakia (E) 
Romania (R) 

Austria (R); Bulgaria (R) 
Czechoslovakia (R) ; France (E) 
Hungary ( Ex ) ; Poland (R) 
Romania (R) 



Logfia neglecta (Soy. -Will.) Belgium(Ex); Corsica (R) 
Holub France (E) 



V 
R 
R 
R 
R 



V 
V 

E 



R 
R 

E 
R 
R 



V 
R 
R 
R 
K 



V 
V 

E 



R 
R 

E 
R 
R 



Lugoa revoluta DC. 



Canary Is. 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



98 



COMPOS IT AE 

Matricaria macrotis Rech.f . 

Microderis filii Hochst. 

Microderis rigens (Aiton) DC. 

Nananthea perpusilla 
(Loisel. ) DC. 

Nolletia chrysocomoides 

(Desf.) Cass, ex Less. 



Greece ( I ) 

Azores 
Azores 

Corsica(V); Sardinia(R) 

Spain (E) 



Onopordum carduelinum Bolle 

Onopordum ma j oris Beauverd 

Onopordum nogalesii Svent. 

Onopordum rhodense Boiss. ex Rech.f. 

Palaeocyanus crassifolius (Bertol.) Dostal 

Petasites doerfleri Hayek 

Phagnalon bennettii Lowe 

Phagnalon metlesicsii Pignatti 

Phagnalon umbel liforme DC. 



Phalacrocarpum 

hoff mannseggii 
(G.Sanp.) M.Lainz 



Canary Is. 
Greece 
Canary Is • 
Greece 
Malta 
Albania 
Madeira 
Sicily 
Canary Is. 
Portugal (R); Spain (R) 



Picris willkommii (Schultz Spain(I) 
Bip. ) Nyman 

Ptilostemon niveus (C.Presl) Italy(R); Sicily(R) 
Greuter 



Pulicaria burchardii Hutch. 

Pulicaria canariensis Bolle 

Reichardia crystallina (Schultz Bip.) 
D.Bramwell 

Reichardia famarae D.Breunwell & Kunkel 

Rothmaleria granatensis (Boiss. ex DC.) Font 
Quer 

Santolina elegans Boiss. ex DC. 



Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is . 
Spain 

Spain 



I 
R 
R 
V 



I 
I 
V 
I 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



R 
R 
V 



I 
I 
V 
I 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



I K 

R R 

E E 

E E 

R R 

V V 
R R 

V V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 99 



COMPOS ITAE 

Santolina oblongifolia Boiss . 

Santolina viscosa Lag. 

Saussurea porcii Degen Romania (E) 



Spain 
Spain 



Scorzonera doria Degen & 
Baldacci 



Albania; Greece (R) 
Yugoslavia (R) 



Scorzonera idaea (Gandoger) Lipsch. 

Scorzonera rhodantha Hausskn* 

Scorzonera scyria M.Gustafsson & Snogerup 

Scorzonera serpentinica Rech.f. 

Senecio alboranicus Maire 

Senecio appendiculatus (L.f . ) Schultz Hip. 

Senecio auricula Borgeau ex Spain (V) 
Coss. 

Senecio bollei Sunding & Kunkel 

Senecio camb re ns is Rosser 



Greece 
Greece 
Greece 
Greece 

Spain 
Canary Is. 



Canary Is. 
U.K. 



Senecio congestus (R.Br. ) 
DC. 



Belgium (V); Czechoslovakia (I ) 
Denmark ( R ) ; France (Ex) 
F.R.G.(nt); G.D.R.(V) 
Nether lands (nt); Poland (K) 
Romania (?); Sweden (E) 
U.K. (Ex) 



Senecio elodes Boiss. ex DC. 

Senecio eriopus Willk. 

Senecio eubaeus Boiss. S Heldr. 

Senecio fruticulosus Sibth. S Smith 

Senecio gnaphalodes Sieber 

Senecio hadrosomus Svent. 

Senecio hermosae Pitard 

Senecio integrifolius (L. ) Clairv. ssp. 
serpentini (G. Gayer) S.Javorka 



Spain 
Spain 
Greece 
Greece 
Greece 
Canary Is. 
Canary Is. 
Austria 



V 


V 


R 


R 


E 


E 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


V 


V 


V 




V 


V 


R 


R 


V 


nt 



R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
E 
E 
I 



R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
E 
E 
I 



Senecio lopezii Boiss. 



Portugal (V) ; Spain (R) 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



100 



COMPOS ITAE 

Senecio malvifolius (L'Herit. ) DC. 

Senecio multiflorus (L'Herit.) Schultz Bip. 

Senecio murrayi Bornm. 

Senecio palmensis (C.Smith ex Nees ) Link 

Senecio persoonii De Not. 

Senecio petraeus Boiss. & Reuter 

Senecio quinqueradiatus Boiss. ex DC. 

Senecio siculus All. Sicily(R) 

Senecio steetzii Bolle 



Serratula bulgarica Acht. & Bulgaria( I ) ; Romania (R) 
Stoy. 



Azores 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


V 


V 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Italy 


R 


R 


Spain 


R 


R 


Spain 


R 


R 




R 


R 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


ia(R) 


I 


I 



Serratula lycopifolia 
(Vill. ) A.Kerner 



Solidago macrorrhiza Lange 
Sonchus acaulis Dum. Cours . 
Sonchus bommuelleri Pitard 



Sonchus bourgeaui Schultz Bip. 

Sonchus brachylobus Webb S Berthel. 

Sonchus canariensis (Schultz Bip. ) Boulos 

Sonchus fauces -ore i Knoche 

Sonchus gandogeri Pitard 

Sonchus gonzalezpadronii Svent. 

Sonchus gummifer Link 

Sonchus imbricatus Svent. 

Sonchus ortunoi Svent. 

Sonchus pinnatus Alton 

Sonchus pustulatus Willk. Spain(R) 

Sonchus tectifolius Svent. 



Austria(R); Czechoslovakia (V) 

France (V); Hungary (V) 
Romania (V) ; Yugoslavia (R) 

France ( R) ; Spain ( I ) 

Canary Is . 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is . 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is . 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Madeira 



Canary Is. 



R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


V 


V 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 




V 


V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



101 - 



COMPOS IT AE 

Sonchus tuberifer Svent. 

Sonchus ustulatus Lowe ssp. ustulatus 



Canary Is . 
Madeira 



Sonchus ustulatus Lowe ssp. maderensis Aldr . , Madeira 
in press 



Staehelina fruticosa (L. ) L. 



Greece 



Streptorhamphus singularis (Wilmott) Femandes Spain 
Casas 

Sventenia bupleuroides Font Quer Canary Is. 

Taeckholmia arborea (DC. ) Boulos Canary Is. 

Taeckholmia canariensis Boulos Canary Is . 

Taeckholmia papillaris (Svent. ) Boulos Canary Is. 

Taeckholmia microcarpa Boulos Canary Is. 

Tanacetum ferulaceum (Webb) Schultz Bip. Canary Is. 

Tanacetum mucronulatum (Hoffmanns. S Link) Portugal 
Heywood 

Tanacetum ptannicif lorum (Webb) Schultz Bip. Canary Is. 

Telekia speciosissima (L. ) Less. Italy 

Tolpis azorica (Nutt. ) Pinto da Silva Azores 

Tolpis crassiuscula Svent. Canary Is. 

Tolpis glabrescens Kammer Canary Is. 

Tolpis macrorhiza (Lowe ex Hook.) DC. Madeira 

Tragopogon floccosus Waldst. Czechoslovakia (E) ; Hungary(R) 
S Kit. Poland(R); Roniania(V) 

Yugoslavia (R) 

Tragopogon lassithicus Rech.f. Greece 

Vieraea laevigata (Brouss. ex Willd. ) Webb Canary Is. 

Wagenitzia lancifolia (Sieber ex Sprengel ) Greece 
Dostal 

CONVOLVULACEAE 

Convolvulus argyrothamnos Greuter Greece 



R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


I 


I 


R 


R 


V 


V 



R R 

R R 

V V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



102 



CONVOLVULACEAE 

Convolvulus canariensis L. Canary Is. 

Convolvulus coelosyriacus Greece (R) 
Boiss. 

Convolvulus diversifolius Mendoza-Heuer Canary Is. 

Convolvulus fruticulosus Desr. Canary Is. 

Convolvulus libanoticus Greece (R) 
Boiss. 

Convolvulus lopez-socasl Svent. Canary Is. 

Convolvulus massonli A.Dietr. Madeira 

Convolvialus perraudieri Coss* Canary Is. 

Convolvulus subauriculatus (Burchard) Lindinger Canary Is. 



V V 
R 



V 
R 
R 

E 
E 
V 
R 



V 
R 



E 
E 
V 
R 



Cu scuta atrans Feinbrun 



Cuscuta triumvirati lange Spain (R) 



Greece 



Ipomoea stolonifera (Cyr.) Greece (V); Italy (E) 
J.F.Gtaelin 

CRASSUIACEAE 

Aeonium balsamiferum Webb & Berthel. Canary Is. 

Aeonium cuneatum Webb & Berthel. Canary Is. 

Aeonium gomeraense Praeger Canary Is. 

Aeonium haworthii Salm-Dyck ex Webb & Berthel. Canary Is. 



I 
R 
V 

V 
V 
V 
R 



V 
V 
V 
R 



Aeonium lancerottense (Praeger) Praeger Canary Is. 

Aeonium nobile Praeger Canary Is. 

Aeonium rubrolineatum Svent. Canary Is. 

Aeonium saundersii Bolle Canary Is. 

Aeonium sedifolium (Webb ex Bolle) Pit. & Canary Is. 
Proust 

Aeonium smithii (Sims) Webb & Berthel. Canary Is. 

Aeonium tabu li forme (Haw.) Webb. & Berthel. Canary Is. 



R 
V 
R 
E 
V 

V 
R 



R 

V 
R 

E 
V 

V 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



103 - 



CRASSULACEAE 

Aeonium vestitum Svent. 
Aeonium virglneum Webb ex Christ 
Aichryson bethencourtianum Bolle 
Aichryson bollei Webb ex Bolle 
Aichryson brevipetalum Praeger 
Aichryson dumosvun (Lowe) Praeger 
Aichryson pachycaulon Bolle 
Aichryson palmense Webb ex Bolle 
Aichryson porphyrogennetos Bolle 



Aichryson villosum (Aiton) 
Webb & Berthel. 

Crassula aquatica (L. ) 
Schonl. 



Greenovia aizoon Bolle 



Azores (R); Madeira (R) 



Austria (R); Czechoslovakia (R) 
Denmark (E); Finland (nt) 
F.R.G. (Ex); G.D.R.(Ex) 
Iceland(R); Norway 
Poland (R); Sweden (nt) 

Canary Is. 



Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


V 


V 


Madeira 


V 


V 


Canary Is . 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


(R) 


R 


R 



Greenovia dodrentalis (Willd. ) Webb & Berthel. Canary Is. 

Jovibarba allionii (Jordan & France (R); Italy (R) 
Fourr. ) D.A.Webb 

Monanthes adenoscepes Svent. Canary Is. 

Monanthes amydros Svent. Canary Is. 

Monanthes anagensis Praeger Canary Is. 

Monanthes dasyphylla Svent. Canary Is. 

Monanthes muralis (Webb ex Bolle) Christ Canary Is. 

Monanthes niphophila Svent. Canary Is. 

Monanthes pallens Webb ex Christ Canary Is. 

Monanthes polyp hyl la Haw. Canary Is. 

Monanthes silensis ( Praeger ) Svent . Canary Is . 



V 
V 
R 

E 
R 
V 



Rosularia globulariifolia 
(Fenzl) A.Berger 



Greece (R) 



V 
R 
R 
R 
R 



nt 



V 
V 
R 

E 
R 
V 



Ex Ex 
R R 



V 
R 
R 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



104 



CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum aetnense Tineo 



Albania (?); Bulgaria (R) 
Sicily (E); Spain (R) 
Yugoslavia 



Sedtim brissemoretii Raymond-Hamet 

Sedum farinosiim Lowe 

Sedum hierapetrae Rech.f. 

Sedum kostovii Stef . 

Sedum pruinatum Link ex Brot. 

Sedum serpentini Janchen 

Sedum stefco Stef. 



Madeira 

Madeira 

Greece 

Bulgaria 

Portugal 



Albania (R); Greece (R) 

Bulgaria (R) ; Yugoslavia (7 ) 

Sedum tymphaeum Quezel & Contandr. Greece 

Sedum willkommianum R. Fernandes Portugal 

Bulgaria 
Greece 



Sedum zollikoferi F.Hermann & Stef. 



Sempervivlun ballsii Wale 

Senpervivum calcareiim Jordan France (R); Italy(?) 

Sempervivum ciliosum Craib Bulgaria(R); Greece(R) 

Yugoslavia ( R) 

Sempervivum juvanii St r gar 

Sempervivum kindingeri Greece (R); Yugoslavia (R) 
Adamovic 

Senpervivum kosaninii Praeger 

Sempervivum macedonicum Praeger 

Sempervivum octopodes Turrill 

Sempervivum pittonii Schott 

Sempervivum thompsonianum Wale 

CRUCIFERAE 

Aethionema cordatum (Desf . ) Greece (V) 
Boiss. 

Aethionema orbiculatum (Boiss.) Hayek 



R 
R 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
V 
R 
R 



R 
R 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
V 
R 
R 



Yugoslavia 


V 


V 


ivia(R) 


R 


R 


Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Austria 


R 


R 


Yugoslavia 


R 


R 



nt 



Greece 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



105 



CKUCIFERAE 

Aethionema polygaloides DC. Greece (R) R 

Aethionema retsina Phitos & Snogerup Greece R R 

Aethionema thomasianum Gay Italy R R 

Alyssum borzaeanum Nyir. Bulgaria (R) ; Romania(E) I 

Alyssum densistellatum T.R.Dudley Greece R R 

Alyssum doerfleri Degen Greece (R); Yugoslavia (R) R R 

Alyssum euboeum Halacsy Greece R R 

Alyssum fallacinum Hausskn. Greece R R 

Alyssxim fastigiatum Heywood Spain E E 

Alyssum fragillimum (Baldacci) Rech.f. Greece R R 

Alyssum heldreichii Hausskn. Greece R R 

Alyssum idaeum Boiss. & Heldr. Greece R R 

Alyssum lassiticum Halacsy Greece R R 

Alyssum lesbiacum (Candargy) Rech.f. Greece R R 

Alyssum leucadeum Guss. Italy (V); Yugoslavia (R) V V 

Alyssum markgrafii Albania (R); Yugoslavia (R) R R 
O.E.Schulz 

Alyssum moellendorf ianum Aschers . ex Beck Yugoslavia R R 

Alyssum nebrodense Tineo Greece (R); Sicily (R) R R 

Alyssum robertianijm Bernard Corsica(V); Sardinia (V) V V 
ex Gren. & Godron 

Alyssum smolikanum Nyar. Albania (R); Greece (R) R R 

Alyssum sphacioticum Boiss. S Heldr. Greece R R 

Alyssum taygeteum Heldr. Greece R R 

Alyssum tenium Halacsy Greece R R 

Alyssum wulfenianum Bernh. Austria (R); Yugoslavia (R) R R 

Arabis cebennensis DC. France R R 

Arabis ferdinandi-coburgi Kellerer S Sunderm. Bulgaria R R 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



106 



CRUCIFEPAE 

Arabis lusitanica Boiss. 



Portugal 
Portugal 



Arabis sadina (G.Samp. ) Cout. 

Arabis subflava B. M.G.Jones Greece (R); Yugoslavia (R) 



Aubrieta erubescens Griseb. 
Aubrieta scyria Halacsy 
Aubrieta thessala Boissieu 
Barbarea bosniaca Murb. 
Barbarea conferta Boiss. & Heldr. 
Barbarea lepuznica Nyar. 
Barbarea sicula C.Presl 



Greece; Italy (V) 
Sicily(V) 



Berteroa gintlii Rohl. 
Biscutella brevicaulis Jordan 



Greece 

Greece 

Greece 

Yugoslavia 

Greece 

Romania 



Yugoslavia 
France 



Biscutella cuneata (F.Q.) Font Quer ex M.-Laur. Spain 

Biscutella divionensis Jordan France 

Biscutella foliosa Mach.-Laur. Spain 

Biscutella gredensis Guinea Spain 

Biscutella megacarpaea Boiss. S Reuter Spain 

Biscutella neustriaca Bonnet France 

Biscutella rotgesii Foucaud Corsica 

Biscutella sclerocarpa Revel France 

Biscutella variegata Boiss. S Reuter Spain 

Biscutella vincentina (G.Samp.) Rothm. ex Portugal 
Guinea 

Boleum asperum (Pers.) Desvaux Spain 

Bornmuellera dieckii Degen Yugoslavia 

Brassica balearica Pers. Balearic Is. 

Bras si ca bourgeaui (Webb ex Christ) Kuntze Canary Is. 



R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 107 



CRUCIFERAE 

Brassica cadmea Heldr. ex O.E.Schulz 



Greece 

Italy 



Brassica glabrescens Poldini 
Brassica gravinae Ten. Italy (R) 

Brassica insularis Moris Corsica(V); Sardinia(R) 

Sicily 



Brassica macrocarpa Guss. 



Brassica souliei {Battand. ) Sicily(V) 
Battand. 



Brassica villosa Biv. 

Braya linearis Rouy 

Braya purpurascens (R.Br.) 
Bunge 

Cakile edentula (Bigel.) 
Hook. 



Sicily 
Norway (E); Sweden (R) 
Iceland (?); Norway (E) 

Azores (R) 



Capsella thracica Velen . Bulgaria 

Cardamine caldeirar\jm H.J.Guthnik ex Seub. Azores 

Cardamine maritima Italy; Yugoslavia (R) 

Portenschlag ex DC. 

Cochlearia aragonensis Coste & Soulie Spain 

Cochlearia polonica Frohl. Poland 

Cochlearia tatrae Borbds Czechoslovakia (R) ; Poland 

Spain 

Canary Is . 

Madeira 



Coronopus navasii Pau 

Crambe arborea Webb ex Christ 



Crambe fruticosa L.f. 

Crambe gigantea (Ceball. & Ortuno ) D.Bramwell Canary Is. 

Crambe gomeraea Webb ex Christ Canary Is. 

Crambe laevigata DC. ex Christ Canary Is. 

Crambe pritzelii Bolle Canary Is. 

Crambe scaberrima Webb ex D.Bramwell Canary Is. 

Crambe scoparia Svent. Canary Is. 



R 
V 
R 
V 
E 
V 

R 
V 
E 



V 
R 
R 

R 
E 
I 
E 
E 
R 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
V 



R 
V 

V 
E 
K 

R 
K 
K 



V 
R 
R 

R 
E 
I 
E 
E 
R 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



108 - 



CRUCIFERAE 

Crambe sventenii B. Fetters, ex Bramw. & Sionding Canary Is. 



Crambe tataria Sebeok 



Austria(R); Bulgaria(E) 
Czechoslovakia (R) ; Hungary (V) 
Romania (V) ; Yugoslavia 



Degenia velebitica (Degen) Hayek 
Descurainia artemisioides Svent. 
Descurainia gilva Svent. 
Descurainia gonzalezii Svent. 



Yugoslavia 
Canary Is. 
Canary Is . 
Canary Is. 



Diplotaxis ibicensis (Pau) Balearic Is.(R); Spain(V) 
Gomez-Ccunpo 



Diplotaxis siettiana Ma ire 

Diplotaxis vicentina (Cout. ) Rothm. 

Draba bruniifolia Steven Greece (R) 

Draba cacuminum H.Ekman 

Draba cinerea Adams 

Draba crassifolia Graheun 

Draba domeri Heuffel 

Draba haynaldii Stur 

Draba ladina Braun-Blanquet 

Draba loiseleurii Boiss* 

Draba simonkaiana S.Jivorka 

Drabopsis nuda (Belanger ex Greece (R) 
Boiss. ) Stapf 

Enarthrocarpus pterocarpus Ma Ita ( E ) 
DC. 

Erucastrum pa lustre ( Pirona ) Vis • 

Erysimum arbuscula ( Lowe ) Snogerv^) 

Erysimum candicum Snogerup 



Spain 
Portugal 



Norway ( R ) ; Sweden ( R ) 

Finland ( R ) ; Norway ( R ) 

Norway ( R ) ; Sweden ( R ) 

Romania 

Romania 

Switzerland 

Corsica 

Romania 



Italy 

Madeira 

Greece 



E 
V 

V 
R 
R 
V 
V 

E 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
V 
V 
R 
R 
V 
R 



Erysimum hungaricvun Zapal. Austria (R); Czechoslovakia (V) 

Romania 



V 
V 
R 
V 



V 
R 
R 

V 
V 

E 
V 



V 

V 
R 
R 
V 



V 
V 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



109 



CRUCIFERAE 

Erysinnjiii naxense Snogerup 
Erysimum olympicum Boiss. 
Erysimxjm pallidif lorum Szepligeti 
Erysimmn pieninicum (Zapal.) Pawl. 
Erysimum rechingeri S . Javorka 
Erysimum rhodium Snogerup Greece (R) 
Eu zomodendron bourgaeanum Coss< 
Guiraoa arvensis Coss. 



Greece 

Greece 

Hungary 

Poland 

Greece 

Spain 
Spain 



Hesperis inodora L» France(?); Italy(V) 

Hesperis macedonica Adamovic Bulgaria (V) ; Yugoslavia 

Hesperis oblongifolia Schur Romania 

Hesperis rechingeri Dvorak Greece 

Hesperis theophrasti Borbas Greece (R); Yugoslavia 

Hesperis verroiana Dvorak Greece 

Hesperis vrabelyiana (Schur) Borbas Hungary 

Hormathophylla cadevalliana (Pau) T.R.Dudley Spain 

Hormathophylla pyrenaica (lapeyr. ) Cullen & Prance 
Dudley 

Hormathophylla reverchonii (D. s H. ) Cullen & Spain 
Dudley 



Hutera leptocarpa Gonz . -Albo 
Hutera rupestris P. Porta 



Spain 

Spain 



Hymenolobus prociimbens (L. ) Balearic Is.(K); France (R) 



Nutt. ex Torrey & 
A.Gray 



Iberis arbuscula Runemark 



Iberis fontqueri Pau 



G.D.R.(K); Greece (I) 
Italy(I); Portugal (E) 
Romania (V); Sicily (I) 
Sardinia (nt) ; Switzerland (Ex) 
Yugoslavia (I ) 

Greece 

Spain 



R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


E 


E 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


E 


E 



V 

E 

I 



V 
E 
K 



E E 

R R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



110 



CRUCIFEPAE 

Iberis hegelmaierei Willk. Spain 

Iberis sampaiana Franco & Pinto da Silva Portugal 

Iberis semperf lorens L. Italy(R); Sicily (R) 

lonopsidium acaule (Desf.) Reichenb. Portugal 

lonopsidium albiflorum Italy (V); Sicily (V) 
Durieu 

lonopsidium savianum (Camel) Ball ex Arcang. Italy 

Isatis athoa Boiss* Greece 

Isatis lusitanica L. Greece (V) 

Isatis platyloba Link ex Steudel Portugal 

Lepidium cardamines L. Spain 

Lepidotrichum uechtritzianum Bulgaria (V) 
(Bornm. ) Velen. 

Lunaria telekiana S.Javorka Albania 

Matthiola odoratissima Bulgaria (V) 
(M.Bieb. ) R.Br. 

Moricandia foetida Bourg. ex Coss. Spain 

Murbeckiella boryi (Boiss.) Portugal(R) ; Spain(R) 
Rothm. 

Murbeckiella sousae Rothm. Portugal 

Parolinia intermedia Svent. & D.Bramwell Canary Is. 

Parolinia schizogynoides Svent. Canary Is. 

Ptilotrichum macrocarpum (DC. ) Boiss. France 

Ptilotrichum purpureum (Lag. & J.D.Rodriguez) Spain 
Boiss. 

Rhizobotrya alpina Tausch Italy 

Rhynchosinapis granatensis (O.E.Schulz) Heywood Spain 

Rhynchosinapis johnstonii (G.Samp.) Heywood Portugal 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


E 


E 


V 




V 


V 


R 


R 


V 


nt 


V 


V 


E 


E 


V 




I 


I 


V 




R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 



Ill 



CRUCIFERAE 

Rhynchosinapis nivalis (Boiss. & Heldr.) 
Heywood 



Greece 



Rhynchosinapis wrightii (O.E.Schulz) Dandy ex U.K. 
Claphain 



Ricotia camosula Boiss . S 



Greece (R) 



Heldr. 
Ricotia isatoides (Barbey) B.L.Burtt 
Rorippa icarica Rech.f. 
Schivereckia doerfleri 



Greece 
Greece 



(Wettst. ) Bomm. 

Schivereckia podolica 
(Besser) Andrz. 



Yugoslavia (R) 



Romania (E) 



Sinapidendron angustifolium (DC. ) Lowe 
Sinapidendron frutescens ( Aiton ) Lowe 
Sinapidendron palmense (Kuntze ) O.E.Schulz 
Sinapidendron rupestre Lowe 
Sisymbri\]in matrltense P.W.Bali S Heywood 
Sisymbrium supinum L. 



Madeira 
Madeira 
Canary Is . 
Madeira 
Spain 



Belgium(Ex) ; France (E) 
Luxembourg ( Ex ) ; Netherlands ( Ex ) 
Spain (7); Sweden (nt) 
Switzerland (E) 



Thlaspi bulbosum Spruner ex Boiss. 
Thlaspi eplrotum Halacsy 
Thlaspi jankae A.Kemer 
Thlaspi schudichii ( Soo ) Soo 
Vella pseudocytisus L. 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex asturica Boiss. 



Greece 
Greece 

Czechoslovakia (E) ; Hungary (R) 
Hungary 

Spain (V) 



Carex baldensis L. 



Carex brevicollis DC. 



Portugal (R); 

Austria (I); F.R.G. (V) 
Italy(nt); SwitzerlandCR) 

Bulgaria (R) ; Czechoslovakia (R) 
France(R); Hungary(R) 
Romania ( I) ; 
Yugoslavia(I) 



R 
R 
R 



V 
R 

I 



R 
R 



V 
R 

I 



V V 

E E 



R R 

R R 

V V 

V V 

V K 

R R 

V V 

R nt 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



112 



CYPERACEAE 

Carex calderae A.Hansen 

Carex camposii Boiss- & 
Reuter 

Carex canariensis Kiikenthal 

Carex cretica Gradstein S Kern 



Canary Is. 
Portugal ( R) ; Spain (V) 

Canary Is. 
Greece 



Carex durieui Steudel 



Carex fimbriata Schkuhr 



Carex grioletii Roemer 



Carex holostoma Drejer 



Portugal ( R) ; Spain (V) 

France(R); Italy 
Switzerland (R) 

France (V); Italy (I) 
Sicily (I); Spain (Ex) 
Yugoslavia 

Finland(R); Norway(R) 
Sweden (R) 



Carex malato-belizii Raymond 
Carex perraudieriana Gay ex Bomm. 



Madeira 
Canary Is. 



Carex phyllostachys 
C.A.Meyer 

Carex recta F.Boott 



Carex scirpoidea Michaux 

Carex stylosa C.A.Meyer 

Carex trinervis Degl. ex 
Loisel. 

Cyperus teneriffae Poiret 
Eleocharis carniolica Koch 



Eriophorum gracile Koch 



Yugoslavia ( R ) 



Finland (K ) ; Norway ( R ) 
U.K.(R) 

Norway (R) 

Norway 

Belgiuni(R); Denmark (R) 
France; F.R.G.(R) 
Netherlands (R ) ; Portugal (V) 
Spain(?) 

Canary Is . 

Austria (I); Bulgaria (R) 
Czechoslovakia (R) ; Hungary(V) 
Italy ( E ) ; Romania 
Yugoslavia (V) 

Austria; Belgium (E) 

Bulgaria (R); Czechoslovakia (V) 

Denmark (V); Finland 

France (I); F.R.G.(E) 

G.D.R.(E); Ireland 

Italy(E); Netherlands ( E) 

Norway; Poland (R) 

Romania (R) ; Sweden (nt ) 

Switzerland(E); U.K.(V) 
Yugoslavia 



V V 

V V 

V V 
R R 

V V 
R R 



V 
V 
R 



V 
V 



R 

I 

V V 

R R 

V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



13 



DATISCACEAE 

Datisca cannabina L. 



Greece (V) 



DIPSACACEAE 

Cephalaria radlata Griseb. & Schenk Romania 

Knautia albanica Brig. Albania(R); YugDslavia(R) 
Knautia baldensis A.Kerner ex Borbas Italy 

France 



Knautia basaltica Chass. S Szabo 



Knautia byzantina Fritsch Bulgaria (R) 
Knautia carinthiaca Ehrendorfer Austria 

Knautia dalmatica Beck Yugoslavia 

Knautia foreziensis Chass. S Szabo France 

Knautia godetli Reuter France(R); Switzerland (V) 
Knautia lucana Lacaita S Szabo Italy 

PortugaKR) ; Spain(R) 



Knautia nevadensis 



(M.Winkler ex Szabo) 
Szabo 

Knautia norica Ehrendorfer 



Knautia pancicii Szabo 

Knautia persicina A.Kerner 

Knautia mpicola (Willk. ) Szabo 

Knautia sarajevensis (Beck) Szabo 

Knautia travnicensis (Beck) Szabo 

Knautia velutina Briq. Italyd); Switzerland(V) 

Pterocephalus brevis Coulter Greece (V) 



Austria 

Yugoslavia 

Italy 

Spain 

Yugoslavia 

Yugoslavia 



Pterocephalus pinardii 
Boiss. 



Greece (R) 



Pterocephalus porphyranthus Svent. 
Pterocephalus virens Berthel. 
Scabiosa albocincta Greuter 



Canary Is. 
Canary Is. 
Greece 



R 
R 

I 
I 
R 
R 
R 
R 
I 
R 
R 

R 
R 

I 
R 
R 
R 
V 
V 



V 
E 
R 



nt 

R 
R 

I 
I 

R 
R 
R 

I 
R 
R 

R 
R 

I 
R 
R 
R 
V 

nt 

V 
E 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



114 



DIPSACACEAE 

Scablosa cosmoides Boiss. 



Bulgaria (V) 



Scabiosa epirota Halacsy & Albania; Greece (R) 
Baldacci 

Scabiosa fvunarioides Vis. & PanCid 

Scabiosa limonifolia Vahl 

Scabiosa minoana (P.H.Davis) Greuter 

Scabiosa polykratis Rech.f . Greece (R) 

Scabiosa pulsatilloides Boiss . 

Scabiosa turolensis Pau ex Spain (R) 
Willk. 

Scabiosa variifolia Boiss. Greece (R) 

Succisella carvalhoana (Mariz) Baksay Portugal 

Succisella petteri (J.Kemer Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 
& Murb. ) Beck 



Yugoslavia 

Sicily 

Greece 

Spain 



DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. 



Drosera Corsica Ma ire 
ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. 



Elatine brochonii Clavaud 
Elatine hungarica Moesz 



Austria (Ex); Bulgaria (Ex) 
Czechoslovakia (V); France (Ex) 
F.R.G.(Ex); G.D.R.(V) 
Hungary (V); Italy (Ex) 
Poland (R); Romania (V) 
Switzerland(E) ; Yugoslavia( V) 

Corsica 



Austria (I); Bulgaria (V) 
Czechoslovakia (R) ; Denmark(Ex) 
Finland(E); France (I) 
F.R.G.(E); G.D.R. (V) 
Greece (K); Hungary (V) 
Italy; Poland(I) 
Portugal ( R ) ; Romania ( R ) 
Sicily (K); Sardinia 
Spain; Switzerland (Ex) 
Yugoslavia (E) 

France ( I ) 

Czechoslovakia (V) ; Hungary (V) 
Romania (V) 



V 

R 

R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 

R 

R 
R 



I 
V 



R 

R 

R 

nt 

R 



R 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



115 



ERICACEAE 

Arbutus canariensis Veillard ex Duhamel 

Daboecia azorica Tutin & E.F.Warb. 

Erica maderensis (DC. ) Bornin. 

Erica scoparia L. ssp. azorica (Hochst. ) 
D.A.Webb 



Canary Is. 
Azores 
Madeira 
Azores 



Erica sicula Guss. 



Rhododendron luteum Sweet 



Vaccinium arctostaphylos L. 
EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia azorica Seub. 
Euphorbia bivonae Steudel 
Euphorbia bourgeauana Gay ex Boiss* 
Euphorbia bravoana Svent. 



Sicily(I) 

Austria (R); Poland (R) 
Yugoslavia (R) 

Bulgaria (R) 



Azores 
Malta (I); Sicily (R) 

Canary Is. 
Canary Is. 



Euphorbia clementei Boiss . Portugal ( R) ; Spain (R) 
Euphorbia Corsica Req. Corsica 

Euphorbia duvalii Lecoq & Lamotte France 

Euphorbia gasparrinii Boiss. Italy(R); Sicily(R) 



Euphorbia gibelliana Peola 

Euphorbia gregersenii K.Maly ex Beck 

Euphorbia handiensis Burchard 

Euphorbia hierosolymitana Greece (E) 
Boiss. 

Euphorbia Iambi i Svent. 

Euphorbia maresii Knoche 



Italy 

Yugos lavia 
Canary Is . 

Canary Is. 
Balearic Is. 



Euphorbia medicaginea Boiss. Balearic Is.; Portugal (R) 

Spain (R) 

Euphorbia mellifera Aiton Canary Is.{E); Madeira (R) 

Euphorbia monchiquensis Franco & Pinto da Silva Portugal 



V 
R 
R 
V 

I 
V 



V 
R 
R 
V 

nt 
nt 



V 


V 


R 




V 


V 


V 


V 


R 




V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


E 




V 


V 


R 


R 


R 




V 


V 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



116 - 



EUPHORBIACEAE 

E^lphorbia nevadensis Boiss. & Reuter 
Euphorbia orphanidis Boiss. 
Euphorbia rechingeri Greuter 
Euphorbia ruscinonensis Boiss* 
Euphorbia stygiana H.C.Watson 
Euphorbia transtagana Boiss. 
Mercurialis reverchonii Rouy Spain (R) 



Spain 

Greece 

Greece 

France 

Azores 

Portugal 



R 
R 
R 
E 
R 
R 
R 



R 
R 
R 
E 
R 
R 



FAGACEAE 

Quercus sicula Borzi Sicily 

FRANKENIACEAE 

Frankenia ericifolia C.Smith Canary Is.(R) 
ex DC. 

GENTIANACEAE 

Ccn taurium chloodes (Brot.) France(R); Portugal(R) 
G.Sanp Spain (R) 



Centaurium enclusense O.Bolos et al. 



Centaurium limoniifonne Greuter 



Balearic Is. 
Greece 



Centaurium rigualii Esteve Chueca Spain 

Centaurium scilloides (L.fil.) Samp. France (E) 

Centaurium triphylliim (W. L.E.Schmidt) Melderis Spain 

Gentiana craciata L. ssp. phlogifolia (Schott & Rcmania 
Kotschy) Tutin 



Gentiana dinarica Beck 



Gentiana ligustica R. de 
Vilm. & Chopinet 

Gentianella uliginosa 
(Willd. ) Borner 



Ixanthus viscosus Griseb. 



Albania; Italy (I) 
Yugoslavia (R) 

France (R); Italy (V) 



Czechoslovakia (E) ; Denmark(R) 
Finland (V); France(E) 
F.R.G.(V); G.D.R.(E) 
Netherlands (R); Norway (R) 
Poland (R); Sweden (V) 
U.K.(V) 

Canary Is. 



I I 



R R 

R R 

R R 

E E 

I 

R R 

R R 

I I 

V V 

E E 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



117 - 



GENTIANACEAE 

Lomatogonium carinthiacum 
(Wulfen) Reichenb. 



GERANIACEAE 



Austria(nt); F.R.G. (R) 
Italy(V); Romania(R) 
Switzerland (R) 



Biebers' 
Bo: 


teinia orphanidis Greece (Ebc) 
iss. 




Erodium 


alpinum L'Herit. 


Italy 


Erodium 


astragaloides Boiss- S Reuter 


Spain 


Erodium 


boissieri Coss. 


Spain 


Erodium 


cazorlanum Heywood 


Spain 


Erodium 


chrysanthum L'Herit. ex DC. 


Greece 


Erodium 
ex 


guicciardii Heldr. Albania; Greece(R) 
Boiss. 


Erodium 


gussonii Ten. 


Italy 


Erodium guttatum (Desf . ) Spain(I) 
Willd. 




Erodium hi rtum (Porssk. ) Greece(R) 
Willd. 




Erodium 


rodiei (Braun-Blanquet) Poirion 


France 


Erodium 


rupicola Boiss. 


Spain 


Erodium 


sanguis-christi Sennen 


Spain 


Erodium 


sibthorpianum Boiss. Greece (R) 





Ex 

R 
R 
R 
R 
V 
R 

I 
I 



R 
R 
R 
R 



R 
R 
R 
R 
V 
R 



R 
R 
R 
R 



Geranium canariense Reuter 
Geranium cataractarum Coss. Spain (R) 
Geranium cazorlense Heywood 
Geranium humbertii Beauverd 
Geranium maderense Yeo 
Geranium rubescens Yeo 
GESNERIACEAE 

Jankaea heldreichii (Boiss.) Boiss. 



Canary Is. 

Spain 
Greece 
Madeira 
Madeira 

Greece 



R R 

R 

R R 

E E 

E E 

R R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



118 - 



GESNERIACEAE 

Ramonda nathaliae PanCic & Petrovid? Yugoslavia R R 

Ramonda serbica Pancic Albania (R); Bulgaria (R) R R 

Greece (V); Yugoslavia (R) 

GRAMINEAE 

Aegilops vunbellulata Zhuk. Greece (R) R 

Agropyron brandzae Pantu & Solac. Romcuiia V V 

Aira provincialis Jordan Corsica (E); France (R) V V 

Ammochloa palaestina Boiss. Spain (R) R 

Antinoria insularis Pari. Corsica(E); Greece(I) V 

Italy (V); Sicily (V) 

Arrhenatherupi calderae A.Hansen Canary Is. R R 

Avena canariensis Baum & al. Canary Is. R R 

Avena saxatilis (Lojac. ) Rocha Afonso Sicily R R 

Avenula crassifolia (Font Quer) Holub Balearic Is. R R 

Avenula delicatula Franco Portugal (R) ; Spain (?) R R 

Avenula hackelii (Henriq. ) Holub Portugal Ex Ex 

Brachypodium arbuscula Knoche Canary Is . R R 

Brachypodium boissieri Nyman Spain R R 

Bromus brachystachys Hornung G.D.R. Ex Ex 

Bromus bromoideus (Lej.) Crepin Belgium Ex Ex 

Bromus grossus Desf. ex DC. Belgi\im(E); Luxembourg(Ex) E E 

Bromus interruptus (Hackel) Druce U.K. Ex Ex 

Bromus moesiacus Velen. Bulgaria V V 

Calamagrostis obtusata Trin. Sweden (R) R K 



Calamagrostis scotica (Druce) Druce O.K. 



V V 



Cenchrus ciliaris L. Sicily (R) R K 

Cinna latifolia (Trev. ) Finland(R); Norway R 

Griseb. Sweden (R) 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



119 - 



GRAMINEAE 



Coleanthus subtilis (Tratt. ) Austria; Czachoslovakia (R) 



Seidl 



Cornucopiae cucullatum L. 



Corynephorus macrantherus 
Boiss. & Reuter 

Crithopsis delileana 

( J.A.Schultes ) Roshev. 

Cutandla stenostachya 
(Boiss. ) Stace 

Dac±ylis smithii Link 



France(E); F.R.G.(E) 
G.D.R. (R); Italy (Ex) 
Norway (Ex) 

Greece (R); Italy (V) 
Malta(Ex); Sicily (V) 

Portugal (R) ; Spain (R) 



Greece (R) 



Greece (R) 



Canary Is.(R); Madeira (R) 



Deschampsia argentea ( Lowe ) Lowe 

Deschampsia maderensis (Hackel S Bornm. ) 
Buschm. 



Madeira 
Madeira 



Deschampsia setacea (Huds.) 
Hackel 



Enneapogon persicus Boiss. 

Eragrostis papposa ( Duf our ) 
Steudel 

Festuca agustini Lindinger 

Festuca albida Lowe 

Festuca arenicola (Prodan) 
Soo 



Belgium(V) ; Denmark (R) 
France (V); F.R.G.(E) 
G.D.R. (R); Ireland(R) 
Netherlands (E); Norway (R) 
Poland(R); Spain(nt) 
Sweden(R); U.K.(nt) 

Spain(I) 

Spain (R) 



Canary Is • 
Madeira 
Bulgaria (V) ; Romania (R) 



Festuca brigantina (M.-D.) Markgraf -Dannenberg Portugal 

Festuca dementei Boiss. Spain 

Festuca donax Lowe Madeira 

Festuca grandiaristata Markgraf-Dannenberg Greece 

Festuca henriquesii Hackel Portugal 

Festuca jubata Lowe Azores(R); Madeira(V) 

Festuca macedonica Vetter Greece 



R 
V 
E 



R 
R 
V 

R 

R 

V 
R 



nt 



V 
E 



I 
R 

R R 

R R 

V K 



R 
R 
V 

R 

R 

V 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



120 - 



GRAMINEAE 

Festuca olyjipica Vetter 
Festuca oviniformis Vetter 



Greece 

Greece 



Festuca pirinica Horvat ex Markgraf -Dannenberg Bulgaria 
Festuca pseudoeskia Boiss. Spain 

Festuca pseudosupina Vetter Greece 

Festucopsis serpentini (C.E.Hubbard) Melderis Albania 

Helictotrichon desertorum Austria (R); Czechoslovakia ( R) 
(Less. ) Nevski 

Helictotrichon petzense 
Melzer 



Austria (R); Yugoslavia (R) 
Spain 



Holcus grandiflorus Boiss • & Reuter 

Lolium canariense Steudel Canary Is.(R) 

Canary Is.(V); Madeira(V) 

Canary Is. 



Lolixom lowei Menezes 



Melica teneriffae Hackel ex Christ 

Phalaris maderensis (Menezes) Menezes 

Poa feratiana Boiss. & France (R); 
Reuter 

Poa flaccidula Boiss. S 



Madeira 



Spain (R) 

Bulgaria(R); Greece (R) 
Romania (R) 



Reuter 

Poa pirinica Stoy. S Acht. 

Poa rehmannii (Asch. S, 
Graeb. ) Woloszczak 

Poa trichophylla Heldr. s Sart. ex Boiss. 

Pseudarrhenatherum pallens (Link) Holub 

Saccharum spontaneum L. Sicily(V) 

Sesleria alba Sibth. & Smith Bulgaria (R) 



Greece 
Portugal 



R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


R 





R 
R 

V 
R 

E 
R 



R 
R 

R 
R 
V 
R 



V 
R 
E 
R 



R 

R 

R 
R 
K 
nt 



Sesleria doerfleri Hayek 

Sesleria klasterskii Deyl 

Sesleria taygetea Hayek 

Stipa austroitalica 
Martinovsky 



Greece 
Bulgaria 
Greece 
Italy(E); Sicily(E) 



R 
R 
R 
E 



R 
R 
R 
E 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



:21 



GRAMINEAE 

Stipa bavarica Martinovsky S H.Scholz F.R.G. E E 

Stipa borysthenica Klokov ex Austria (R); Bulgaria (R) V K 
Prokudin Czechoslovakia (I ) ; G.D.R. (V) 

Hungary (R); Poland(?) 

Romania ( R ) ; Yugoslavia (R) 

Stipa danubialis Dihoru & Roman Romania V V 

Stipa dasyphylla (Lindem.) Czechoslovakia (R) ; G.D.R. (E) V 

Trautv. Hungary (V); Romania (R) 

Stipa mayeri Martinovsky Yugoslavia R R 

Stipa novakli Martinovsky Yugoslavia R R 

Stipa rechingeri Martinovsky Greece R R 

Stipa styriaca Martinovsky Austria V V 

Stipa ucrainica P.Smirnow Romania (R) R 

Stipa zalesskii Wilensky Czechoslovakia (R) R v 

Trisetum subalpestre Finland (R); Norway (E) V 

(Hartm. ) Neuman Sweden(V) 

Vulpia fontquerana M elderis & Stace Spain R R 

Zingeria pisidica (Boiss.) Romania (I) I 
Tutin 

GROSSULARIACEAE 

Ribes sardoum Martelli Sardinia E E 

HYDRANGEACEAE 

Philadelphus coronarius L. Austria (R); Italy (I) I 

HYPERICACEAE 

Hypericum aciferum (Greuter) N.K.B.Robson Greece E E 

Hypericum amblycalyx Coust . & Gandoger Greece R R 

Hypericum athoum Boiss. & Orph. Greece R R 

Hypericum cana dense L. Ireland (R); Netherlands ( I) R 

Hypericum caprifolium Boiss. Spain R R 

Hypericum delphicum Boiss. & Heldr. Greece R R 

Hypericum fragile Heldr. & Sart. ex Boiss. Greece R R 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



-122 - 



HYP ERICACEAE 

Hypericuin glandulosum Alton Canary Is.(r); Madeira(R) 

Hypericum haplophylloides Halaesy & Baldacci Albania 

Hypericum hirclnum L. ssp- cambessedesll (Mares Balearic Is. 
& Vigineix) Sauvage 



Hypericum jovis Greuter 

Hypericum kelleri Baldacci 

Hypericum taygeteum Quezel & Contandr. 

IRIDACEAE 

Crocus etruscus Pari. 

Crocus goulimyi Turrill 

Crocus imperati Ten. 

Crocus olivieri Gay ssp. Greece (R) 
balansae (Gay ex Baker) 
Mathew 

Crocus oreocreticus B.L.Burtt 

Crocus robertianus C.D.Brickell 



Greece 
Greece 
Greece 

Italy 

Greece 

Italy 



Greece 
Greece 



Iris hiimilis Georgi 



Iris marsica Ricci & Colasante 



Iris serotina Willk. 



Austria (V); Czechoslovakia (V) 
Hungary (V); Romania (I) 
YugoslaviaC?) 

Italy 

Spain 



Iris sintenisii Janka ssp. Romania (I) 
brandzae ( Prodan ) Webb 

Romulea colvimnae Sebast. S Mauri ssp. hartungii Canary Is. 
(Pari. ) Kunkel 



Romulea tempskyana Freyn 

JUNCACEAE 

Ebingeria elegans ( Lowe ) 
Chrtek S Kriza 

Juncus requienii Pari • 

Luzula canariensis Poiret 



Greece (R) 

Canary Is.(V); Madeira (R) 

Corsica 
Canary Is. 



R 
V 
V 

V 
R 
R 



R 
V 
V 

V 
R 
R 



R R 

R R 

I I 

R K 

R R 

V V 
V 

R R 

R R 

I K 



R R 

V V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 123 - 



JUNCACEAE 

Luzula seubertii Lowe 

LABIATAE 

Acinos corsicus (Pers.) Getliffe 

Ajuga bombycina Boiss. Greece(R) 

Ajuga piskoi Degen & Baldacci 



Madeira 



Corsica 



Albania 



Ajuga tenorii C.Presl 

Ballota frutescens (L. ) 
Woods 

Ballota glandulosissima 

Huber-Morath & Patzak 



Italy(R); Sicily(R) 
France (R); Italy (V) 

Greece (R) 



Bystropogon canariensis (L. ) Canary Is.(R); Madeira (V) 
L'Herit. 



Bystropogon maderensis Webb 
Bystropogon origanifolius L'Herit. 
Bystropogon piperitus Lowe 
Calainintha cretica (L.) lam. 



Madeira 
Canary Is. 
Madeira 
Greece 



Dracocephalum austriacum L. 



Lavandula rotundifolia 
Benth. 

Marrubium f riwaldskyanum 
Boiss • 



Austria (R); Czechoslovakia (V) 
France(E); Hungary (E) 
Italy (I); Romania (R) 
Swit2erland(E) 

Madeira (V) 



Bulgaria (R) 



Micromeria acropolitana Halicsy Greece 

Micromeria f rival dszkyana (Degen) Velen. Bulgaria 

Micromeria hispida Boiss. & Heldr. ex Benth. Greece 

Micromeria kerneri Murb. Yugoslavia 

Micromeria lasiophylla Webb S Berthel. Canary Is. 

Micromeria parviflora (Vis.) Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 
Reichenb. 



R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



R 
V 
R 
R 



R 
R 
R 



R 
V 
R 
R 



R 


R 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 



Micromeria pineolens Svent. 



Canary Is. 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 124 



LABIATAE 

Micromeria pulegium ( Roche 1) Benth. 
Micromeria rivas-martinezii Wildpret 
Micromeria tapeinantha Rech.f. 
Micromeria taygetea P.H.Davis 
Moluccella spinosa L. 



Romania 
Canary Is. 
Greece 
Greece 



Greece (E); Italy(R) 
Sicily; Spain (R) 



Nepeta agrestis Loisel. Corsica 

Nepeta beltranii Pau Spain 

Nepeta camphorata Boiss. & Heldr. Greece 

Nepeta dirphya (Boiss.) Heldr. ex Halacsy Greece 

Nepeta foliosa Moris Sardinia 

Nepeta heldreichii Halacsy Greece 

Nepeta multibracteata Desf . Portugal (R) 

Nepeta scordotis L. Greece 

Nepeta sphaciotica P.H.Davis Greece 

Nepeta teydea Webb & Berthel. Canary Is. 

Origanum calcaratum Juss . Greece 

Origanum compactum Benth. Spain (R) 

Origanum dictamnus L. Greece 

Origanum paui Martinez Spain 

Origanum scabrum Boiss. & Heldr. Greece 

Origanum vetteri Briq. & Barbey Greece 

Phlomls bourqael Boiss. Greece (R) 

Phlomis floccosa D.Don Greece (R) 

Phlomls pichleri Vierh. Greece 

Prunella cretensis Gandoger Greece 

Rosmarinus eriocallx Jordan Spain (I) 
& Fourr. 



R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


E 


E 


R 




R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 




R 


R 


E 


E 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 




V 


V 


I 


I 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 




R 




R 


R 


R 


R 


I 





Rare and Threatened Plants 



125 



LABIATAE 

Salvia blancoana Webb & 



Spain (R) 



Heldr. 










Salvia brachyodon Vandas 




Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Salvia broussonetii Benth. 




Canary Is. 


V 


V 


Salvia candelabrum Boiss. 




Spain 


R 


R 


Salvia jurisicii Kosanin 




Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Salvia scabiosifolia Lam. 


Bulgaria (R) 




R 


R 


Salvia transsylvanica (Schur 


ex Griseb. ) Schur 


Romania 


R 


R 


Satureja : 


rumelica Velen . 




Bulgaria 


I 


I 


Scutellaria balearica Bare. 




Balearic Is. 


R 


R 


Scutellaria naxensis Bothmer 




Greece 


R 


R 


Scutellaria rupestris Boiss. 


& Heldr. 


Greece 


R 


R 


Sideritis 


argosphacela (Webb 


& Berthel. ) Clos 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Sideritis 


bolleana Bormti. 




Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Sideritis 


cabrerae Ceball. & 


Ortuno 


Canary Is . 


V 


V 


Sideritis 


canariensis L. 




Canary Is . 


R 


R 


Sideritis 


candicans Aiton 




Madeira 


R 


R 


Sideritis 


cystosiphon Svent. 




Canary Is. 


E 


E 


Sideritis 


discolor (Webb ex de Noe ) Bolle 


Canary Is. 


E 


E 


Sideritis 


gomeraea de Noe ex 


Bolle 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Sideritis 


^randiflora Salzm. 


Spain ( I ) 




I 





ex Benth, 
Sideritis infernalis Bolle 
Sideritis javalambrensis Pau 
Sideritis kuegleriana Bornm. 
Sideritis macrostachya Poiret 
Sideritis marmorea Bolle 
Sideritis nervosa (Christ) Lid 



Canary Is. 
Spain 

Ccinary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 



E 
R 
V 
V 
V 
E 



E 
R 
V 
V 
V 
E 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 126 



LABIATAE 

Sideritis nutans Svent. Canary Is. 

Sideritis ovata Cav. Spain 

Sideritis penzTgii (Pitard) Bomm. Canary Is. 

Sideritis perfoliata L. Greece (R) 

Sideritis pumila (Christ) Mendoza-Heuer Canary Is. 

Sideritis reverchonii Willk. Spain 

Sideritis serrata Cav. ex Lag. Spain 

Sideritis stachydioides Willk. Spain 

Sideritis sventenii (Kunkel) Mendoza-Heuer Canary Is. 

Stachys beckeana Doerfler & Albania (R); Yugoslavia (R) 
Hayek 

Stachys brachyclada De Noe Balearic Is . ; France ( Ex ) 
ex Cos son Spain (R) 



Stachys Candi da Bory S Chaubard 
Stachys canescens Bory & Chaubard 
S tachys chrysantha Boiss. & Heldr. 



Stachys decumbens Pers. 

Stachys euboica Rech.f. 

Stachys ionica Halacsy 

Stachys macrotricha Rech.f. & Goulimy 

Stachys parolinii Vis. 

Stachys sericophylla Halacsy 

Stachys spreitzenhoferi Heldr. 

Stachys spruneri Boiss. 

Stachys swainsonii Benth. 

Stachys tetragona Boiss. & Heldr. 

Stachys toumefortii Poiret Greece (R) 

Stachys virgata Bory & Chaubard 

Teucrium abutiloides L'Herit. 



Albania; Greece (R) 



Greece 
Greece 
Greece 
) 

Greece 
Greece 
Greece 
Greece 
Albania 
Greece 
Greece 
Greece 
Greece 

Greece 
Madeira 



V 


V 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


nt 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 



R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R V 

R R 

V V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



127 



LABIATAE 

Teucrium arduini L. Albania(R),- Yugoslavia (R) 

Teucriujn aristatum Perez -Lara Spain 

Teucrium aroanium Orph . ex Boiss . Greece 

Teucrium betonicum L'Herit. Madeira 

Teucrium cuneifolium Sibth. & Smith Greece 

Teucr ium f rancisci-werneri Rech.f. Greece 

Portugal (R) ; Spain (R) 



Teucrium haenseleri Boiss. 



Teucrium halacsyanmn Heldr. 

Teucrium heterophyllum 
L'Herit. 

Teucrium hifacense Pau 

Teucrium intricatum Lange 

Teucrium lamifoljum Urv. 

Teucrium montbretii Benth. 

Teucrium salviastrum Schreber 



Greece 
Canary Is.{V); Madeira (E) 

Spain 
Spain 

Bulgaria (R) 

Greece (R) 



Teucrium turredanum Losa S Rivas Goday 

Thymbra calostachya (Rech.f.) Rech.f. 

Thymus bihoriensis Jalas 

Thymus camphoratus Hoffmanns . & Link 

Thymus capitellatus Hoffmanns. & Link 

Thymus carnosus Boiss. 

Thymus cephalotos L. 

Thymus nitens Lamotte 

Thymus oehmianus Ronn . & Soska 

Thymus origanoides Webb & Berthel. 

Thymus plasonii Adamovic 



Portugal 

Spain 

Greece 

Romania 

Portugal 

Portugal 

Portugal 

Portugal 

France 

Yugoslavia 

Canary Is. 

Greece 



R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


nt 


R 


nt 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


R 


R 


E 


E 


E 


E 


R 


R 


Ex 


Ex 


R 


R 


V 


V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



128 



Balearic Is.; Sicily(V) 
Yugoslavia (R) 

Spain 



Canary Is. 
Canary Is.(V); Madeira (R) 



LABIATAE 

Thymus richardii Pers. 

Ziziphora acinoides L. 

LAURACEAE 

Apollonias ceballosi Svent. 

Ocotea foetens (Alton) 
Benth. & Hook.f. 

Persea indica (L. ) Sprengel Canary Is.(V); Madeira (R) 

LEGUMINCSAE 

Alhagi graecorum Boiss. Greece (I) 

Anagyris latifolia Brouss. ex Willd. Canary Is. 

Anthyllis aegaea Turrill Greece 

Anthyllis henoniana Coss. ex Spain (R) 
Battand. 

Anthyllis lemanniana Lowe Madeira 

Anthyllis rupestris Coss. Spain 

Argyrolobium biebersteinii Yugoslavia (7) 
P.W.Bali 

Astragalus agraniotii Orph. ex Boiss. Greece 



Astragalus algarbiensis 
Coss. ex Bunge 

Astragalus aquilanus Anzalone 

Astragalus arenarius L. 



Portugal (E); Spain(E) 



Italy 

Czechoslovakia ( E) ; F.R.G.(E) 
G.D.R.(V); Poland(I) 
Sweden (R) 



V V 

V V 



I 
E 
R 
R 

E 
R 
R 

R 

E 

E 
V 



E 
R 

E 
R 

R 
E 

E 
V 



Astragalus arnacantha 
M.Bieb. 



Bulgaria (R) 



Astragalus austro-aegaeus Rech . f • 



Greece 



Astragalus autranii Baldacci Albania 

Astragalus haionensis Lois France 

Astragalus baldaccii "begen Albania(R); Greece(R) 



Astragalus centralpinus 
Braun-Blanguet 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



Bulgaria (nt) ,- France (V) 
Italy (R) 



I I 
R R 
R R 



129 - 



LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus dasyanthus Pallas Bulgaria (R); Hungary(V) 

Romania (R) ; Yugoslavia (R) 

Astragalus drupaceus Orph . ex Boiss. Greece 

Astragalus fialae Degen Albania; yugoslavia( R) 

Astragalus giennensis Heywood Spain 

Astragalus grossii Pau Spain 

Astragalus huetii Bunge Sicily 

Astragalus idaeus Bunge Greece 

Astragalus lacteus Heldr. S Sart. ex Boiss. Greece 

Astragalus longidentatus Spain (R) 
Chater 

Astragalus maritimus Moris Sardinia 

Astragalus muelleri Steudel Italy; Yugoslavia (R) 
& Hochst. 



Astragalus nuimnularius Lam. 

Astragalus peregrinus Vahl Greece (I) 

Astragalus peterfii S.Javorka 



Greece 



Romania 



Astragalus physocalyx 
Fischer 

Astragalus polyactinus 
Boiss. 



Bulgaria(I); Yugoslavia (I) 
Spain (R) 



Astragalus pseudopurpureus Gusul. 
Astragalus ptilodes Boiss. Greece (R) 
Astragalus roemeri Simonkai 
Astragalus sulcatus L. 



Romania 



Romania 



Austria(V); Czechoslovakia (Ex) 
Hungary(I); Romania (V) 



Astragalus tremolsianus Pau 
Astragalus verrucosus Moris 
Astragalus wilmottianus Stoy. 
Chamaecytisus kovacevii (Velen. ) Rothm. 



Spain 
Sardinia 
Bulgaria 
Bulgaria 



R 
R 
R 
R 
I 
R 
R 
R 

E 
R 

R 

I 
E 

I 



V 
R 
V 
V 

R 
E 
R 

V 



R 
R 
R 
R 

I 
R 
R 

E 
R 



E 

I 



V 
nt 
V 
nt 

R 
E 
R 
V 



Rare and Threarened Plants 



130 



LEGUMINOSAE 

Chamaecytisus nejceffii (Urumoff) Rothm 

Clcer graecum Orph. ex Boiss. 

Colutea insularis Browicz 

Cytisus aeolicus Guss. ex Lindl. 

Cytisus ardoini Fourn. 

Cytisus emeri floras Italy (K), • 

Reichenb. 

Cytisus sauzeanus Burnat & Briq. 

Dorycnium broussonetii (Choisy) Webb 

Dorycnivun eriophthalmum Webb & Berthel. 

Dorycnium spectabile Webb & Berthel. 

Ebenus sibthorpii DC. 

Genista dorycnif olia Font Quer 

Genista halacsyi Heldr. 

Genista holopetala Italy(E); 

(Fleischm. ex Koch) 
Baldacci 

Genista melia Boiss. 

Genista millii Heldr. ex Boiss. 

Genista nissana Petrovic 

Genista parnassica Halacsy 

Genista ramosissima (Desf.) Spain (R) 
Poiret 

Genista sakellariadis Boiss. & Orph. 

Genista tenera (Jacq. ex Murray) Kuntze 

Genista teretifolia Willk. 

Hammatolobium lotoides Fenzl Greece (R) 



Bulgaria 


E 


E 


Greece 


R 


R 


Greece 


I 


I 


Sicily 


E 


E 


France 


R 


R 


Switzerland(R) 


R 


R 


France 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


R 


R 


Canary Is. 


V 


V 


Greece 


R 


R 


Balearic Is. 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 


Yugoslavia (R) 


V 


V 



Greece 
Greece 
Yugoslavia 
Greece 

Greece 

Madeira 

Spain 



Ex Ex 
R R 



R 
R 
R 

R 
R 
R 



R 
R 

R 

R 
R 

nt 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



.31 



LEGUMINOSAE 

Hedysarxim boutignyanmn Alleiz. France 

Hedysarum macedonicum Bomm. Yugoslavia 

Hedysarum tauricxun Pallas ex Bulgaria (R) 
Willd. 

Hippocrepis salzmanii Boiss . Spain (P) 
& Reuter 

Lathyrus neurolobus Boiss. & Heldr. Greece 

Lathyrus pancicii (JuriSic) Bulgaria (I ) ; Yugoslavia (R) 
Adamovic 



Lathyrus transsilvanicus 
(Sprengel) Fritsch 

Lotus aduncus (Griseb. ) Nyman 

Lotus azoricus P. W. Ball 

Lotus berthelotii Masferrer 

Lotus callis-viridis D.Bramwell & D.H.Davis 

Lotus campylocladus Webb & Berthel. 

Lotus dumetorum Webb ex R.P.Murray 

Lotus genistoides Webb 

Lotus holosericeus Webb & Berthel. 

Lotus kunkelii (E.Chueca) D.Bramwell & al. 

Lotus leptophyllus (Lowe) K.Larsen 

Lotus macranthus Lowe 



Lotus macrotrichus Boiss. 

Lotus maculatus Breitfeld 

Lotus mascaensis Burchard 

Lyqos raetum (Forssk.) 
Heywood 

Medicago heyniana Greuter 

Medicago pironae Vis. 

Onobrychis aliacmonia Rech.f. 



Czechoslovakia (V) ; Hungary(V) 
Romania ( R ) 



Greece 
Azores 
Canary Is . 
Canary Is. 
Canary Is . 
Canary Is. 
Canary Is. 
Canary Is. 
Canary Is. 
Canary Is. 
tedeira 

Canary Is . 
Canary Is. 



Greece (R) 



Sicily(V) 



Greece 

Italy 

Greece 



R 
R 
R 



R 

R 



R 

R 



R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


E 


E 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


V 


V 


V 


K 


V 


V 


R 


R 


Ex 


Ex 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 132 - 



LEGUMINOSAE 

Onobrychis degenii Doerfler Yugoslavia 

Onobrychis sphaciotica Greuter Greece 

Ononis adenotricha Boiss- Bulgaria (R) 

Ononis christii Bolle Canary Is« 

Ononis cossoniana Boiss. S Portugal (Ex) ; Spain(R) 
Reuter 

Ononis filicaulis Salzm. ex Spain (I) 
Bois s . 



I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


nt 


V 


V 



Ononis masquillierii Bertol. Italy(V) 



Ononis maweana Ball 



Portugal (E) 



Ononis saxicola Boiss. & Reuter 

Ononis verae Sirj. Greece (I) 



Spain 



Oxytropis deflexa (Pallas) DC. ssp. norvegica Norway 
Nordh. 

Oxytropis prenja (Beck) Bec)c Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 



E 

I I 

I 

E E 

R R 



Oxytropis purpurea 

(Baldacci) Markgraf 



Albania; Greece (R) 



Pi sum fulwiin Sibth. & Smith Greece (R) 

Sophora jaubertii Spach Romania (V) 

Teline benehoavensis (Bolle ex Svent. ) Santos Canary Is. 

Teline linifolia (L. ) Webb & Berthel. ssp. Canary Is. 
gomerae P.E.Gibbs & Dingwall 

Teline linifolia (L. ) Webb & Berthel. ssp. Canary Is. 
pallida (Poiret) P.E.Gibbs & Dingwall 

Teline linifolia (L. ) Webb & Berthel. ssp. Canary Is. 
rosmarinifolia (Webb & Berth. ) Gibbs S 
Dingw. 

Teline linifolia (L. ) Webb & Berthel. ssp. Canary Is. 
teneriffae P.E.Gibbs & Dingwall 

Teline paivae (Lowe) P.E.Gibbs & Dingwall Madeira 

Tetragonolobus wiedemannii Boiss. Greece 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



R R 

R 

V 
E 



nt 
E 



V V 

V V 
R R 

E E 

R R 

Ex Ex 



133 - 



LEGUMINOSAE 

Trifolium affine C.Presl 
Tri folium bivonae Guss. 



Bulgaria (R) 



Trifolium dolopiuin Heldr. & Hausskn. 



Sicily 
Greece 



Trifolium lupinaster L. 



Trifolium saxatile All. 



Czechoslovakia(E) ; Poland(R) 
Romania ( E) 

Austria (R); France (R) 
Italy (E); Switzerland(R) 



Trifolium velebiticum Degen 

Trifolium wettsteinii Doerfler & Hayek 

Trigonella carica Greece (R) 

Huber-Mora th 

Trigonella rechingeri Sirj. 

Trigonella strangulata Greece (R) 

Boiss. 

Trigonella velutina Boiss. Greece (R) 

Ulex densus Welw. ex Webb 

Vicia aphylla C.Smith ex Link 

Vicia argentea Lapeyr. France; Spain (I) 

Vicia bif olio lata J.D.Rodriguez 

Vicia capreolata Lowe 

Vicia davisii Greuter 

Vicia dennesiana H.C.Watson 

Vicia filicaulis Webb S Berthel. 



Yugoslavia 
Albania 



Greece 



Portugal 
Canary Is. 

Balearic Is. 
Madeira 
Greece 
Azores 
Canary Is. 



Vicia montenegrina Rohl. Bulgaria(I); Yugoslavia (R) 

Vicia portosanctana Menezes Madeira 

Vicia scandens R.P.Murray Canary Is. 

Vicia serinica Uechtr. & Huter Italy 

Vicia sicula (Raf.) Guss. Italy(V); Sicily(V) 



Vicia sparsiflora Ten. 



Bulgaria ( R) ; Czechoslovakia (V) 
Hungary (V); Italy(R) 
Romania(E); Yugoslavia (R ) 



R 
R 

R 
R 



R 
R 
R 

R 
R 

R 
R 
R 
I 
R 
V 
I 



nt 
R 
R 
nt 



R 
R 



R 
R 
I 
R 
V 
I 



Ex Ex 
R R 



I 
V 
V 
R 
V 
V 



I 

V 
V 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



134 



LENT IBUL ARI ACEAE 

Pinguicula vallisnerilfolia Webb 
Utricularia subulata L. Portugal (R) 

LILIACEAE 

Alliuin circinnatum Sieber 

Allium frigidum Boiss. & Heldr. 

Allium grosii Font Quer 

Alli\jm heldreichil Boiss. 

Allium insubricum Boiss. & Reuter 

Allium jubatum MacBride Bulgaria (E) 



Spain 



Greece 
Greece 
Balearic Is. 
Greece 
Italy 



Allium junceum Sibth. & 
Smith 



Greece (R) 



Greece (R) 



Romania (R) 
Greece (V); Sicily 
Greece ( R ) 



Allium kermesinum Reichenb 

Allium longanum Pampan. 

Allium lutecium Halacsy 

Allium macedonicum Zahar. 

Allium obliq-uum L. 

Allium obtusif lorvim DC. 

Allium olympicum Boiss. 

Allium parnassiciim (Boiss.) Halacsy 

Allium phthioticum Boiss. & Heldr. ex Boiss 

Allium pilosum Sibth. & Smith 

Allivim pruinatum Link ex Sprengel 

Allium rouyi Gaut. 

Alliian schmitzii Cout. 

Alliijm sipyleum Boiss. GrBece(R) 

Allium stojanovii Kovatschev 



Yugoslavia 

Greece 
Greece 



Greece 

Greece 

Greece 

Portugal 

Spain 

Portugal 

Bulgaria 



Allium suaveolens Jacq. 



Albania; Austria (V) 
France; F.R.G.(V) 
Hungary (V); Italy(nt) 
Switzerland(E); Yugoslavia (R) 



R R 

R 



R 
R 
V 
R 
R 
E 
R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



R 
R 
V 
R 
R 
K 
nt 

R 
V 
R 
R 

V 
K 
R 
R 
R 
R 



Ex Ex 

R R 

R 

V V 

V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 135 



LILIACEAE 

Androcymbium psammophilum Svent. Canary Is. V V 

Androcymbium rechingeri Greuter Greece E E 

Asparagus arborescens Willd. ex J. A. & Canary Is. R R 
J.H.Schultes 

Asparagus fallax Svent. Canary Is. E E 

Asparagus nesiotes Svent. Canary Is.{V) V V 

Asparagus plocamoides Webb ex Svent. Canary Is. R R 

Asparagus scoparius Lowe Canary Is.(R); Madeira (R) R 

Asphodelus bento-rainhae Pinto da Silva Portugal V V 

Bellevalia brevipedicellata Turrill Greece I I 

Bellevalia hackelii Freyn Portugal V V 

Bellevalia sarmatica Bulgaria (?) ; Romania (E) V 
(Pallas) Woronow 

Colchicum arenarium Waldst. Czechoslovakia (E) ; Hungary (E) E E 
& Kit. Romania (E); Yugoslavia 

Colchicum corsicum Baker Corsica I I 

Colchicvun cousturieri Greuter Greece V V 

Colchiciim fominii Bordz. Romania (V) V V 

Colchicum macedonicum Kosanin Yugoslavia R R 

Colchicum stevenii Kunth Greece ( R ) R 

Dracaena draco (L. ) L. Canary Is.(V); Madeira (E) V V 

Fritillaria carica Rix Greece (R) R 

Fritillaria conica Boiss. Greece R R 

Fritillaria davisii Turrill Greece R R 

Fritillaria drenovskii Degen Bulgaria ( R) ; Greece (R) R R 
& Stoy. 

Fritillaria elwesii Boiss. Greece (R) R 

Fritillaria epirotica Turrill ex Rix Greece R R 

Fritillaria euboeica Rix Greece R R 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



136 



LILIACEAE 

Fritillaria gusslchiae Bulgaria (R); Greece (R) 

(Degen S Doerfler) Rix Yugoslavia (R) 

Fritillaria involucrata All. France(R); Italy(E) 



R R 



R R 



Fritillaria macedonica 
Bomm. 

Fritillaria meleagroides 

Patrin ex Schultes f. 



Fritillaria obliqua Ker-Gawl. 

Fritillaria pinardii Boiss. 

Fritillaria pineticola 
O.Schwarz 

Fritillaria rhodia Hansen 



Albania; Yugoslavia(R) 
Bulgaria (V) 



R R 



Greece 



Greece (R) 
Greece (R) 



Greece 
Greece 



Fritillaria rhodocanakis Orph. ex Baker 

Fritillaria stribmyi Velen. Bulgaria (R); Yugoslavia (? ) 



Fritillaria tuntasia Heldr. ex Halacsy 

Romania ( R ) 



Greece 



Gagea bulbifera (Pallas) 
J. A. & J. H. Schultes 

Gagea taurica Steven 



Romania (R) 



Hyacinthella atchleyi (A.K.Jackson et al) 
Feinbrun 

Hyacinthella dalmatlca (Baker) Chouard 

Lilium pomponium L. 



Greece 



Yugoslavia 



France (R); Italy (I) 
Spain ( 7 ) 



Lilitun rhodopaeum Delip. Bulgaria (R); Greece (K) 

Merendera androcymbioides Valdes Spain 

Muscari dionysicum Rech.f. Greece 

Muscari gussonei (Pari.) Italy (E); Sicily (E) 
Tod. 

Muscari macrocarpum Sweet Greece (R) 

Narthecium scardicum Kosanin Albania ( I ) ; Greece ( V ) 

Yugoslavia (R) 



R 


R 


R 




R 




R 


R 


R 


R 


R 




R 


R 


R 




R 




R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


R 


nt 


V 


V 



Rare and Threatened Plani-c 



137 - 



LILIACEAE 

Ornithogalum amphibolum Bulgaria (R) ; Romania (V) V K 

Zahar. 

Ornithogalum atticum Boiss. & Heldr. Greece R R 

Ornithogalum costatiMi Zahar. Greece R R 

Ornithogalum exaratmn Zahar. Greece R R 

Ornithogalum orthophyllum Romania (V) V K 

Ten. ssp. psammophilum 
(Zahar. ) Zahar. 

Ruscus streptophyllus Yeo Madeira 

Scilla cupanii Guss. Sicily 

Scilla dasyantha Webb & Berthel. Canary Is. 

Scilla haemorrhoidalis Webb & Berthel. Canary Is. 

Scilla hughii Tineo ex Guss. Italy 

Scilla latifolia Willd. Canary Is.(R) 

Scilla litardierei Breistr. Yugoslavia 

Scilla maderensis Menezes Madeira (E) 

Scilla messeniaca Boiss. Greece 

Scilla odorata Link Portuga 1 ( R ) ; Spa in ( R ) 

Semele androgyna (L. ) Kunth Canary Is.(V); Madeira(R) 

Semele gayae (Webb) Svent. & Kunkel Canary Is. 

Smilax divaricata Solander ex H.C.Watson Azores 

Tulipa doerfleri Gandoger Greece 

Tulipa goulimyi Sealy & Turrill Greece 

Tulipa undulatif olia Boiss. Greece (V) 

Tulipa urumoffii Hayek Bulgaria (R) ; Yugoslavia ( 7 ) 

LINACEAE 

Linum aroanium Boiss. & Greece (R) R nt 

Orph. 



V 


V 


R 


R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


V 


R 


R 


E 


V 


I 


I 


R 




V 


V 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


V 


K 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 138 - 



LINACEAE 

Linum caespitosum Sibth. & Smith 

Linum doerfleri Rech.f. 

Linum dolomiticum Borbas 

Lin\im goulimyi Rech.f. 

Linum gyaricum Vierh . 

Linum leonii F.W.Schultz 



Greece 
Greece 
Hungary- 
Greece 
Greece 



France(V); F.R.G.(E) 
G.D.R. (R) 



Lin\am uninerve ( Roche 1) S.Javorka 



LORANTHACEAE 



Romania 



Viscum cruciatum Sieber ex Portugal (E) ; Spain(R) 

Boiss. 



LYTHRACEAE 

Lythrum castellanum Gonz.-Albo ex Borja 
Lythrum flexuosum Lag. 
Lythrxjm thesioides Bieb. 



Spain 
Spain 



France (E); Hungary (Ex) 
ItalyC?) 



MALVACEAE 



Althaea longiflora Boiss. & Portugal (E) ; Spain (R) 
Reuter 



Hibiscus palustris L. 
Lavatera acerifolia Cav. 



France(V); Italy(I) 

Canary Is. 



Lavatera mauritanica Durieu Portugal (V) ; Spain (E) 

Lavatera oblongifolia Boiss. Spain 

Lavatera phoenicea Vent. Canary Is. 

MYRS INACEAE 

Heberdenia excelsa (Aiton) Canary Is.(V); Madeira (V) 
Banks ex DC. 



Pleiomeris canariensis (Willd. ) A. DC. 



Canary Is. 



NAJADACEAE 

Najas flexilis (Willd. ) 
Rostk. & al 



Denmark (E); Finland (R) 
F.R.G.(E); G.D.R. (V) 
Ireland(nt ) ; Norway (E) 
Poland (R); Sweden (E) 
Switzerland (Ex); U.K.(R) 



R 
R 
V 
R 
R 
V 



V 
R 
V 
R 
E 



V 



R 
R 
V 
R 
R 
V 



R R 

V V 
E V 



R 
E 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



139 



NAJADACEAE 

Najas tenulssima (A.Braun) 
Magnus 

NYCTAGINACEAE 

Commicarpus plumbagineus 
(Cav. ) Standley 

NYMPHAEACEAE 

Nymphaea lotus L. 

OLEACEAE 

Forsythia europaea Degen & 
Baldacci 

Jasminum azoricum L. 



Finland(V) 



Spain (R) 



Romania (R) 



Albania (R); Yugoslavia (R) 



Jasminum barrelierii Webb & Berthel. 
Olea europaea L. ssp. maderensis Lowe 
Picconia azorica (Tutin) Knobl. 



Madeira 
Canary Is. 
Madeira 
Azores 



Picconia excelsa (Alton) DC. Canary Is.(V); Madeira (V) 



V 
R 
R 

I 
V 



nt 



V 
R 
R 

I 
V 



ORCH IDACEAE 

Calypso bulbosa (L. ) Oakes Finland(E); Sweden(R) 

Cephalanthera cucullata Boiss. & Heldr. Greece 

Cephalanthera epipactoides Greece (R) 
Fischer & C.A.Meyer 

Comperia comperiana (Steven) Greece (E) 
Aschers. & Graebner 



Cypripedium calceolus L. 



Austria (nt) ; Belgium (Ex) 
Bulgaria (V) ; Czechoslovakia (E) 
Denmark (V); Finland (V) 
France(R); F.R.G.(V) 
G . D . R . ( nt ) ; Hunga ry ( V ) 
Italy(V); Luxembourg( Ex) 
Norway(R); Poland(V) 
Romania (V); Spain 
Sweden (nt); Switzerland (V) 
U.K.(E); Yugoslavia (nt) 



Dactylorhiza kalopissii Erich Nelson 

Epipactis dunensis (T. S T.A.Stephenson) 
Godfrey 



Greece 
U.K. 



V 
E 
R 



E 
nt 



nt 



R R 
R R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



140 - 



ORCHIDACEAE 

Goodyera macrophylla Lowe 

Hammarbya paludosa (L. ) 
Kuntze 



Liparis loeselli (L. ) Rich. 



Neottianthe cucullata (L. ) 
Schlechter 

Opnrys aesculapii Renz 

Ophrys argolica Fleischm. 

Ophrys gottfriediana Renz 

Ophrys lunulata Pari. 



Madeira 

Austria (I); Belgiuin(E) 
Czechoslovakia ( E) ; Denmark (V) 
Faeroe Is.(V); Finland(V) 
France(E); F.R.G.(E) 
G.D.R.(E); Ireland(R) 
Netherlands(E) ; Norway 
Poland (R); Romania (E) 
Sweden (nt); Switzerland ( E) 
U.K.(nt); Yugoslavia (Ex) 

Austria (V); Belgium (E) 
Bulgaria { 7 ) ; Czechoslovakia ( E) 
Denmark (V); Finland (V) 
France (V); F.R.G.(E) 
G.D.R.(V); Hungary(V) 
Italy (E); Netherlands ( E) 
Norway (Ex); Poland (R) 
Romania (R); Sweden (V) 
Switzerland(V); U.K.(E) 
Yugoslavia (E) 

Poland (R) 



Greece 
Greece 
Greece 
Italy (I); Malta (R) 



Ophrys reinholdii Spruner ex Greece (I) 
Fleischm. 

Ophrys sphegodes Mill. ssp. helenae (Renz) 
D.M.Moore 

Orchis scopulorum Sxunmerh. 

Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex Koch ssp. 
nitidifolia (Teschner) Soo 

Platanthera micrantha (Hochst. ex Seub.) 
Schlechter 



Greece 

Madeira 
Greece 

Azores 



Platanthera obtusata (Pursh) Norway (R); Sweden(V) 

Lindl. 



E E 
V 



R I 

R R 

R R 

R R 

I I 

I K 

R R 

E E 

V V 

V V 



Spiranthes romanzoff iana 
Cham. 



Ireland(R); U.K.(R) 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



141 



OROBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche caesia Reichenb. 

Orobanche haenseleri Reuter 

Orobanche serbica Beck & 
Petrovic 



Austria (R); Czechoslovakia ( E) 
Hungary (R); Romania (R) 

Spain 

Bulgaria(R); Yugoslavia(R) 



Orobanche trichocalyx (Webb Portugal(R) ; Spain(R) 
& Berthel. ) Beck 

Phelypaea boissieri (Reuter) Yugoslavia (R) 
Stapf 



Balearic Is. 
Greece 

Greece 
Greece 



PAEONIACEAE 

Paeonia cainbessedesii (Willk. ) Willk. 

Paeonia clusii Stern ssp. rhodia (Steam) 
Tzanoudakis 

Paeonia parnassica Tzanoudakis 
PALMAE 

Phoenix theophrasti Greuter 

PAPAVERACEAE 

Ceratocapnos heterocarpa Spain (R) 
Durieu 

Corydalis acaulis (Wulfen) Pers. 

Corydalis integra Barbey & Greece (R) 
Major 

Corydalis rutifolia (Sibth. Greece (R) 
& Smith) DC. 

Corydalis thasia (Stoy. S Kit. ) Stoy. S Kit. Greece 

Fumaria coccinea Lowe ex Pugsley Canary Is. 

Fumaria occidentalis Pugsley U.K. 

Fumaria reuteri Boiss. Portugal (R); Spain (V) 

Hypecoum ponticum Velen. Bulgaria (V) 

Papaver cor-sancti-stephani Zapal. Romania 



Yugoslavia 



R 
R 



R 
R 



Papaver laestadianum 
(Nordh. ) Nordh. 



Norway (R); Sweden (R) 



R 
R 
V 
V 
V 
R 
R 



R 
R 



R nt 

V V 

V V 

V V 



R 

nt 

nt 

R 
R 
V 



R 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 142 - 



PAPAVERACEAE 

Papaver lapponicum (Tolm. ) Norway(V) 
Nordh. 

Papaver nigrotinctum Fedde 

Papaver rupifragum Boiss. & Spain(V) 
Reuter 

Papaver stipitatum Fedde 

Platycapnos saxicola Willk- Spain (R) 

Rupicapnos africana (Lam. ) Spain(E) 
Pomel 

Sarcocapnos integrifolia (Boiss.) Cuatrec. 

PIROLACEAE 

Pirola rotundifolia (L.) 

ssp. maritima (Kenyon) E.T. Warburg 
PITTOSPORACEAE 

Pittosporum coriaceum Dryander ex Alton 

PLANTAGINACEAE 

Plantago asphodeloides Svent. 

Plantago famarae Svent. 

Plantago leiopetala Lowe 

Plantago maderensis Decaisne 

Plantago malato-belizii lawalree 

Plantago notata Lag. Spain (r) 

Plantago reniformis Beck Albania (R); 

Plantago schwarzenbergiana Hungary (R); 
Schur. 

Plantago subspathulata Pilger 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria arcuata Welw. ex Boiss. & Reuter 

Aimeria berlengensis Daveau 

Armeria cariensis Boiss. Greece (R) 

Armeria colorata Pau 



Greece 



Greece 



Spain 

France 
Madeira 

Canary Is . 
Canary Is. 
Madeira 
Madeira 
Madeira 

Yugoslavia (R) 
Romania (I) 

Madeira 

Portugal 
Portugal 

Spain 



V K 

R R 

V K 

I I 

R 

E 

R R 

V V 



R 
V 
V 
V 
E 
R 
R 
I 



R 
V 
V 
V 

E 

R 

I 



Ex Ex 

R R 

R nt 

R R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



143 



PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria eriophylla Willk. 



Portugal(R); Spain(?) 



Armeria humilis (Link) J.A.Schultes 

Armeria maderensis Lowe 

Armeria pseudarmeria (Murray) Mansf. 

Armeria rouyana Daveau 

Armeria sancta Janka 

Armeria soleirolii (Duby) Godron 

Armeria vandasii Hayek 

Armeria welwitschii Boiss • 



Portugal 

Madeira 

Portugal 

Portugal 

Greece 

Corsica 

Yugoslavia 

Portugal 



Goniolimon dalmaticum 

(C.Presl) Reichenb.f. 

Goniolimon heldreichii Halacsy 

Goniolimon sartorii Boiss. 

Limonium albidum (Guss.) 
Pignatti 

Limonium alburn (Coincy) Sennen 

Limonium aragonense (Debeaux) Pignatti 

Limonium arborescens (Brouss.) Kuntze 



Albania; Bulgaria(R) 
Yugoslavia (R) 



Sicily(V) 



Greece 
Greece 

Spain 

Spain 
Canary Is. 



Limonium asterotrichum (C.E.Salmon) C.E.Salmon Bulgaria 

Limoni\im biflorvim (Pignatti) Pignatti Balearic Is. 

Limonium bourgeaui (Webb) Kuntze Canary Is. 

Limonium brassicifolium (Webb & Berthel. ) Canary Is. 
Kuntze 

Limonium calaminare Pignatti ex Pignatti Spain 

Limonium calcarae (Tod. ex Janka) Pignatti Sicily 

Limonium carpathum (Rech.f.) Rech.f. Greece 

Limonium coincyi Sennen Spain 

Limonium companyonis (Gren. & Billot) Kuntze France 



R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


E 


E 



Limonium cordatum (L. ) 
Miller 



France (I); Italy (V) 



V 


V 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


K 


R 


R 


V 


V 


E 


E 


I 


I 


R 


R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


V 


V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



144 



PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Liitionium cosyrense (Guss . ) Malta(R); Sicily (R) 
Kuntze 



Limonium dendroides Svent. 

Limonium densissimum (Pignatti) Pignatti 

Limonitim emarginatum (Willd. ) Kuntze 

Limonium eugeniae Sennen 

Limonium frederici (Barbey) Rech.f. 

Limonium fruticans (Webb) Kuntze 



Limonium giber tii (Sennen) Sennen 

Limonium hermaeum (Pignatti) Pignatti 

Limonium imbricatum (Webb S BerthdI.) Htibbard Canary Is 



Canary Is. 

Spain 

Gibraltar 

Spain 

Greece 

Canary Is. 

Spain 

Sardinia 



Limonium inarimense (Guss.) Itaiy(V); Sicily(V) 
Pignatti ssp. 
inarimense 

Miaonium japygicum (Groves) Pignatti Italy 

Limonium johannis Pignatti Italy (V); Sicily (V) 

Limonium laetum (Nyman) Pignatti Sardinia 

Limonium lausianum Pignatti Sardinia 

Limonium lucentinum Pignatti & Freitag Spain 

Limonitim macrophyllum (Brouss.) Kuntze Canary Is. 

Limonium macropterum (Webb & Berthel.) Kuntze Canary Is. 

Limonium majoricum Pignatti Balearic Is. 

Limonium oleifolium Miller ssp. Balearic Is. 

pseudodictyocladum (Pignatti) Pignatti 

Limonium ovalifolium (Poiret) Kuntze ssp. Canary Is. 
canariense Pignatti 

Limonium ovalifolium (Poiret) Kuntze ssp. Madeira 
py rami data (Lowe) A.Hansen & Sunding 

Limonivun panormitanum (Tod. ) Pignatti Sicily 

Limonium papillatum (Webb & Canary Is.(E) 
Berthel. ) Kuntze 



E 
R 
R 
R 
R 
E 
R 
R 
E 
V 

V 
V 
V 
R 
R 
E 
V 
R 
R 



E 
R 
R 
R 
R 
E 
R 
R 
E 
V 

V 
V 
V 
R 
R 
E 
V 
R 
R 



V V 

E I 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



145 



PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium paradoxum Pugsley Ireland(E); U.K.(E) E E 

Limonium pa rvi brae tea turn Pignatti Spain r r 

Limonium parvifoliuin (Tineo) Pignatti Italy V V 

Limonium perezii (Stapf) Hubbard Canary Is. V V 

Limonium preauxii (Webb S Berthel.) Kuntze Canary Is. E E 

Limonium puberulum (Webb & Berthel.) Kuntze Canary Is. V V 

Limonium ramosissimum Balearic Is. (7); France (I) I i 
(Poiret) Maire ssp. 
provinciale (Pignatti) 
Pignatti 

Limonium recurvum C.E.Salmon U.K. E E 

Limonium redivivum (Svent. ) Kunkel & Sunding Canary Is. V V 

Limonium remotispiculum (Lacaita ) Pignatti Italy V V 

Limonium rumicifolium (Svent.) Kunkel & Sunding Canary Is. R R 

Limonium sibthorpianum Sicily (V) V K 
(Guss. ) Kuntze 

Limonium spectabile (Svent.) Kunkel & Sunding Canary Is. E E 

Limonium tenoreanum (Guss. ) Pignatti Italy V V 



Limonium transwallianum Ireland(7); U.K.(R) 
(Pugsley) Pugsley 



R R 



Limonium vestitum (C.E.Salmon) C.E.Salmon Yugoslavia R R 
POLEMONIACEAE 

Polemonium boreale Adams Norway (V) V K 
POLYGALACEAE 

Polygala carueliana (A.W.Benn.) Burnat ex Italy R R 
Caruel 

Polygala doerfleri Hayek Albania R R 

Polygala helenae Greuter Greece V V 

Polygala sardoa Chodat Sardinia R R 

Polygala vayredae Costa Spain R R 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 146 



POLYGONACEAE 

Polygoniim icaricum Rech.f . 

Polygonum praelongimi Coode & Greece (V) 
Cullen 



Greece 



Rheum rhaponticum L. 
Rumex azoricus Pech.f. 
Rumex rupestris Le Gall 

Rumex vesicarius L. 
POTAMOGETONACEAE 

Potamogeton epihydrus Raf . 
Potamogeton rutilus Wolfg. 



Bulgaria (R) ; Norway (R) 

Azores 

Channel Is.(V); France (V) 
Spain (I); U.K.(V) 

Greece ( Ex ) 



U.K. (R) 

Denmark (V); Finland(R) 
France(V); F.R.G.(E) 
G.D.R.(E); Poland(R) 
Rcxnania(7 ) ; Sweden (V) 
U.K.(R) 



PRIMULACEAE 

Androsace brevis 



Italy(K); Switzerland (R) 



(Hegetschw. ) Ces. 
Androsace chaixii Gren. & Godron 



France 



Androsace ciliata DC. 
Androsace cylindrica DC. 
Androsace mathildae Levier 



Androsace pyrenaica Lam. 

Coris hispanica Lange 

Cyclamen rhodium R.Gorer 

Lysimachia minoricensis J.D.Rodriguez 



France (R); Spain (R) 

France (V); Spain(I) 

Italy 

France (R); Spain(I) 

Spain 
Greece 
Balearic Is. 



Primula allionii Loisel. 



Primula apennina Widmer 

Primula carniolica Jacq. 

Primula egaliksensis Wormsk. Iceland(E) 



France (V); Italy (R) 

Italy 
Yugoslavia 



R R 

V 

R R 

R R 

V 

Ex 

R nt 

V 



R 
R 

I 
V 
R 
V 

I 



R 
R 

I 
V 
R 
V 

I 



Ex Ex 

V V 

E E 

R R 
E 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 147 



PRIMULflCEAE 

Primula frondosa Janka Bulgaria R R 

Primula glaucescens Moretti Italy R R 

Primula kitaibeliana Schott Yugoslavia R R 

Primula palinuri Petagna Italy R R 

Primula spectabilis Tratt. Italy R r 

Primula vulgaris Huds. ssp. balearica (Willk.) Balearic Is. V V 
W.W. Smith & Forrest 

Primula wulfeniana Schott ssp. baumgarteniana Romania Ex Ex ^^ 
(Degen S Moesz) Ludi 

Soldanella pindicola Hausskn . Greece R R 

Soldanella villosa Darracq France (V); Spain (R) V V 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Aconitum angustifolium Bernh . Yugoslavia R R 

Aconitum corsicum Gayer Corsica V V 

Adonis cyllenea Boiss. Greece (V) V 

Adonis distorta Ten. Italy V V 

Aquilegia alpina L. Austria (R); France (R) V V 

Italy(I); Switzerland (V) 

Aquilegia amaliae Heldr. ex Albania (R); Greece (R) R R 
Boiss. Yugoslavia (? ) 

Aqxiilegia bernardii Gren. & Corsica (nt) ; Sardinia (V) R r 
Godron 

Aquilegia bertolonii Schott France; Italy(V) V V 

Aquilegia cazorlensis Heywood Spain E E 

Aquilegia dinarica Beck Albania (R); Yugoslavia (R) R R 

Aquilegia grata F.Maly ex Zimmeter Yugoslavia R R 

Aquilegia kitaibelii Schott Italy(E); Yugoslavia (R) R 

Aquilegia litardierei Briq. Corsica R R 

Aquilegia ottonis Orph. ex Greece (R); Italy (E) V V 
Boiss. 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



U8 



RANUNCULACEAE 

Aquilegia paui Font Quer Spain 

Aqruilegla thallctrifolia Schott S Kotschy Italy 
Callianthemum kerneranuin Freyn ex A.Kerner Italy 
Clematis elisabethae-carolae Greuter Greece 

Consolida samia P.H.Davis Greece 

Consolida tuntasiana (Halacsy) Soo Greece 

Delphiniiim albiflortim DC. Bulgaria (R) ; Greece (R) 
Delphinium hirschf eldianvim Heldr. & Holzm. Greece 
Delphinium montanum DC. France (R); Spain (R) 



Delphinium requienii DC. 

Delphinium simonkaianiim Pawl . 
Delphinium sordidum Cuatrec. 
Garidella nigellastrum L. 



Corsica (V); France (V) 
Sardinia ( I ) 



Romania 
Spain 



France (E); Greece (V) 
Spain (I) 



Garidella unguicularis Lam. Greece (V) 

Helleborus lividus Aiton 

Helleborus orientalis Lam. Greece (R) 

Nigella carpatha Strid 

Nigella fumariifolia Kotschy Greece (R) 

Nigella icarica Strid 
Nigella stricta Strid 



Balearic Is. 
Greece 

Greece 
Greece 



Pulsatilla halleri (All. ) Willd. ssp. styriaca Austria 
(Pritzel) Kamels 



Pulsatilla hungarica Soo 

Pulsatilla patens (L. ) 
Miller 



Hungary 

Bulgaria ( I ) ; Czechoslovakia (R) 
Finland(V); F.R.G.(E) 
G.D.R.(Ex); Hungary(V) 
Poland (I); Romania (R) 
Sweden (V) 



R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


E 


E 


I 


I 


R 


nt 


I 


I 


R 




I 




R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


K 


V 




V 


V 


R 


nt 


R 


R 


R 




R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


V 





Rare and Threatened Plants 



149 - 



RRNUNCULACEAE 

Pulsatilla zimmermannii Soo Hungary 

Ranunculus batrachioides Sardinia (K) 
Pomel 

Ranunculus bilobus Bertol. Italy 

Ranunculus cacuminis Strid S Greece (V); Yugoslavia (V) 
Papanic . 

Ranunculus creticus L. Greece 

Ranunculus cupreus Boiss. S Heldr. Greece 

Ranunculus cymbalarifolius Balb. ex Moris Sardinia 

Ranunculus ficarioides Bory Greece (R) 
& Chaubard 

Ranunculus fontanus C.Presl Albania (V); Corsica V 

Greece (R); Italy (I) 
Malta (E); Sicily (I) 
Yugos la vi a ( R ) 

Ranunculus hayekii Doerfler Albania R R 

Ranunculus miliarakesii Halacsy Greece R R 

Ranunculus millii Boiss. & Heldr. Greece R R 



Ranunculus polyphyllus Czechoslovakia ( E) ; Hungary(R) 

Waldst. & Kit. ex Romania (V) 

Willd. 

Ranunculus reuteranus Boiss. Greece (R) 



Ranunculus revelieri Bor. Corsica (V); France (R) 

Sardinia (R) 

Ranunculus subhomophyllus (Halacsy) Vierh. Greece 



V 


V 


R 




R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


nt 



V 



R 



Ranunculus sulphureus Phipps Finland (R); Norway R 

Sweden (R) 

Ranunculus thasius Halacsy Greece R R 

Ranunculus wettsteinii Doerfler Yugoslavia I I 

Ranunculus weyleri Mares Balearic Is. E E 

Thalictrum calabricum Italy(R); Sicily(R) R R 
Sprengel 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



15.0. 



RANUNCULACEAE 

Thalictrum orientale Boiss. 

RESEDACEAE 

Reseda complicata Bory 
Reseda decursiva Forssk. 



Reseda jacquinii Reichenb. 

Reseda scoparia Brouss. ex Willd. 

Reseda tymphaea Hausskn. 

Sesamoides minus (Lange) Kuntze 

Sesamoides spathulifolium ( Revel ex Bory ) 
Rothm. 

RHAMNACEAE 

Rhamnus crenulata Alton 



Greece (R) 

Spain 
Glbraltar(E); Spain (E) 

France 



nt 



Canary Is . 
Greece 
Spain 
Spain 



Rhamnus glandulosa Alton 
Rhpmnus Integrlfolla DC. 



Canary Is. 
Canary Is.(V); Madelra(V) 

Canary Is. 



Rhamnus Intermedlus Steudel Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 
S Hochst. 



Rhamnus persiclfollus Moris 

ROSACEAE 

Bencomia brachystachya Svent. 

Bencomia caudata (Alton) 
Webb & Berthel. 

Bencomia exstlpulata Svent. 

Bencomia sphaerocarpa Svent. 

Chamaemeles coriacea Llndl. 

Cotoneaster nummularia 

Fischer S C.A. Meyer 

Crataegus aegelca Pojark. 

Geum heterocarpum Boiss. 



Sardinia 

Canary Is. 
Canary Is.(V); Madeira (I) 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 
Madeira 
Greece (V) 



Greece 



R 
E 
R 
V 
R 
R 
R 



Albania ; France ( E ) 
Italy; Spain (R) 



E 
V 

E 
V 

E 
V 

R 
V 



R 
V 
R 
R 
R 



R R 

V V 

R R 

R R 

R R 



E 
V 

E 
V 
E 
nt 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- J51 



ROSACEAE 

Malus florentina (Zuccagni) Albania; Greece (R) 

C.K.Schneider Italy(R); Yugoslavia ( R) 



R R 



Malus triloba ta (Labill.) 



Greece (R) 



C .K . Schneider 
Marcetella maderensis (Bornm. ) Svent. 



Madeira 



Marcetella moquiniana (Webb & Berthel.) Svent. Canary Is. 

Potentilla carniolica A.Kerner Yugoslavia 

Potentilla delphinensis Gren. & Godron France 

Potentilla doerfleri Wettst. Yugoslavia 

Potentilla goulandrii Rech.f. Greece 

Potentilla grammopetala Italy (R); Switzerland (R) 
Moretti 

Potentilla hyparctica Malte Sweden (R) 



Potentilla multifida L. 



France (R); Italy 
Spain (I); Sweden (R) 
Switzerland (R) 



Potentilla visianii Pancic Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 

Prunus lusitanica L. ssp. azorica (Mouillef.) Azores 
Franco 

Prunus ramburii Boiss* Spain 

Pyrus magyarica Terpo Hungary 

Rosa mandonii Desegl. Madeira 

Rubus hochstetterorum Seub. Azores 

Sanguisorba albanica Andras. S S.Javorka Albania 

Sanguisorba cretica Hayek Greece 

Sanguisorba dodecandra Moretti Italy 

Sibbaldia parviflora Willd. Yugoslavia(R) 

Sibiraea altaiensis (Laxm. ) Yugoslavia(R) 
C.K.Schneider 

Sorbus maderensis Dode Madeira 

Spiraea cana Waldst. & Kit. Italy; Yugoslavia (R) 



E 
R 
R 
V 
R 
R 
R 

R 
R 

R 
R 

R 
I 
V 
R 
I 
R 
R 
R 
R 

E 
R 



E 
R 
R 
V 
R 
R 
R 



R 
R 

R 

I 
V 
R 
I 
R 
R 
nt 



E 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



152 - 



ROSACEAE 

Spiraea crenata L. Bulgaria (E); Czechoslovakia (E) 

Greece; Hungary (Ex) 
Romania(R); Yugoslavia (R) 

RUBIACEAE 

Asperula abbreviata (Halacsy) Rech.f. Greece 

Asperula baenitzii Heldr. ex Boiss. Greece 

Asperula baldaccii (Halacsy) Ehrendorfer Yugoslavia 

Asperula beckiana Degen Yugoslavia 

Asperula calabra (Fiori ) Ehrendorfer & Krendl Italy 

Asperula coa Rech.f. Greece 

Asperula crassifolia L. Italy; Sardinia (R) 

Asperula garganica Huter et al ex Ehrendorfer Italy 

Asperula gussonii Boiss. Italy (R); Sicily (R) 

Asperula hercegovina Degen Yugoslavia 

Asperula hexaphylla All. France (R); Italy (R) 

Asperula muscosa Boiss. & Heldr. Greece 

Asperula neglecta Guss. Italy 

Asperula oetaea (Boiss.) Heldr. ex Halacsy Greece 

Asperula ophiolithica Ehrendorfer Greece 

Asperula rupestris Tineo Sicily 

Asperula saxicola Ehrendorfer Greece 

Asperula setulosa Boiss. Bulgaria(V); Romania(V) 

Asperula staliana Vis. Yugoslavia 

Asperula suberosa Sibth. & Bulgaria(R); Greece(R) 
Smith 

Asperula suffruticosa Boiss. & Heldr. Greece 

Asperula taygetea Boiss. S Heldr. Greece 

Asperula tournefortii Sieber ex Sprengel Greece 

Asperula wettsteinii Adamovic Yugoslavia 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



nt 



R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


K 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 



- 153 



RUBIACEAE 

Crucianella macrostachya Greece (R) 
Boiss. 

Galium amorginum Halacsy 

Galium a spa ragi folium Boiss. Greece (I) 
& Heldr. 

Galium baillonii Brandza 

Galium balearicum Briq. 

Galixjm cracoviense Ehrendorfer 



Galium cyllenium Boiss. & Heldr. 



Greece 

Romania 
Balearic Is. 
Poland 
Greece 



Galium degenii Baldacci ex 
Degen 

Galium dumosum Boiss. 

Galium ephedroides Willk. 

Galium fleurotii Jordan 

Galium glaucophyllum Schmid 

Galium incrassatum Halacsy 

Galium kemeri Degen & 
Doerfler 

GalitM[i litorale Guss. 

Galium moldavicum (Dobrescu) Romania (V) 
Franco 

Galium montis-arerae Merxm. & Ehrendorfer 

Galium nevadense Boiss. & Spain (R) 
Reuter 

Galium palaeoitalicum Ehrendorfer 

Galium polonicum Blocki Poland (R) 

Galium productum Lowe 

Galium pulvinatum Boiss. 

Galium recurvum Req. ex DC. Greece (R) 



Albania (R); Greece (R) 
Yugoslavia 

Greece (R) 

Spain (R) 

France; U.K.(R) 

Sardinia 
Greece 

Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 

Sicily 

Italy 

Italy 

Madeira 

Spain 



R 

I 

R 
R 
R 
R 
R 

R 
R 
R 

I 
R 

E 
V 

R 
R 

R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



R 
R 

I 
R 

E 
V 



R 
K 

R 
R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



154 



RUBIACEAE 

Galium reiseri Halacsy 

Galium stojanovii Degen 

Galium thasium Stoy. & Kit. 

Galium viridiflorum Boiss- & Reuter 

Valantia calva Brullo 



Greece 

Bulgaria 

Greece 

Spain 
Sicily 



RUTACEAE 

Haplophyllum balcanicum 
Vandas 

Haplophyllum boissieranvim 
Vis. & Pant id 

Ruta Corsica DC. 

Ruta microcarpa Svent. 

Ruta oreojasme Webb 

Ruta pinnata L.f. 

SALICACEAE 

Salix bicolor Willd. 



Salix cantabrica Rech.f . 
Salix pyirolifolia Ledeb. 
Salix tarraconensis Pau 
SANTALACEAE 

Kunkeliella canariensis Stearn 
Kunkeliella psilotoclada ( Svent . ) Stearn 
Kunkeliella subsucculenta Kammer 



Bulgaria (R); Greece (R) 

Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 

Corsica (R); Sardinia (R) 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 



Czechoslovakia (R) ; France (R) 
G.D.R. (I); Poland(R) 
Romania (R); Spain(I) 
Yugoslavia (? ) 

Spain 

Finland(R) 



Spain 

Canary Is . 
Canary Is. 
Canary Is. 



R R 

R R 

R R 

V V 

I I 



R 


R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 



I I 

R nt 
R R 



Thesium auriculattun Vandas Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 
Thesium brachyphyllum Boiss. Bulgaria(7); Greece(R) 



E 
E 
V 
R 
R 



E 
E 
V 
R 



Thesium coarctif lorum Hendrych 



Greece 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



155 - 



SANTALACEAE 

Thesium ebracteatum Hayne 

Thesium kerneranum Simonkai 



Austria(E); Czechoslovakia (E) 
Denmark (E); F.R.G.(Ex) 
G.D.R.(E); Poland(I) 
Romania (E) 

Romania 



SAPOTACEAE 

Sideroxylon marmulano Banks Canary Is.(E); Madeira (E) 
ex Lowe 



SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga arachnoidea Stemb. 

Saxifraga berica (Beguinot) D.A.Webb 

Saxifraga biternata Boiss. 

Saxifraga blepharophylla A.Kerner ex Hayek 

Saxifraga boissieri Engl. 

Saxifraga cebennensis Rouy & Camus 

Saxifraga cintrana Kuzinsky ex Willk. 



Italy 

Italy 

Spain 

Austria 

Spain 

France 

Portugal 



Saxifraga cochlearis 
Reichenb. 



France; Italy(R) 



Saxifraga conifera Coss. S Durieu 



Spain 



Saxifraga diapensioides 
Bellardi 



France (R); Italy (R) 
Switzerland (R) 



Saxifraga facchinii Koch Italy 
Saxifraga florxilenta Moretti France(E); Italy(R) 

Saxifraga gemmulosa Boiss. Spain 

Saxifraga hartii D.A.Webb Ireland 

Saxifraga italica D.A.Webb Italy 

Saxifraga latepetiolata Willk. Spain 

Saxifraga moncayensis D.A.Webb Spain 

Saxifraga mutata L. ssp. demissa (Schott & Romania 
Kotschy) D.A.Webb 



R R 



R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



156 



SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga nervosa Lapeyr. France; Spain(I) R R 

Saxifraga nevadensis Boiss. Spain R R 

Saxifraga oppositifolia L. Austria (Ex); F.R.G. (Ex) Ex Ex 

ssp. amphibia Switzerland (Ex) 

(Sun derm. ) 
Braun-Blanquet 

Saxifraga paradoxa Sternb. Austria (R); Yugoslavia R R 

Saxifraga pickeringii C. Simon Madeira R R 

Saxifraga portosanctana Boiss. Madeira R R 

Saxifraga presolanensis Engl. Italy R R 

Saxifraga reuterana Boiss. Spain R R 

Saxifraga rigoi P. Porta Spain R R 

Saxifraga tombeanensis Boiss. ex EYigl. Italy V V 

Saxifraga valdensis DC. France (V); Italy V V 

Saxifraga vandellii Sternb. Italy R R 

Saxifraga vayredana Luizet Spain R R 

Saxifraga wahlenbergii Ball Czechoslovakia (R) ; Poland(R) R R 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Antirrhinum charidemi Lange 

Antirrhinum grosii Font Quer 

Antirrhinum microphyllum Rothm. 

Antirrhinum pertegasii Rothm. 

Antirrhinum pulverulentum lazaro 

Bartsia spicata Ramond France ( R ) ; Spain ( I ) 

Chaenorhinum glareosum (Boiss.) Willk. 

Chaenorhinum idaeum Rech.f. 

Chaenorhintim rubrifolium (Robill. et al. ) 
Fourr. ssp. f ormenterae (Gandoger) 
R.Fernandes 

Chaenorhinum tenellum (Cav. ) Lange Spain 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



Spain 


R 


R 


Spain 


R 


R 


Spain 


R 


R 


Spain 


R 


R 


Spain 


R 


R 


:) 


I 


I 


Spain 


R 


R 


Greece 


R 


R 


Balearic Is. 


R 


R 



157 - 



SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Cymbalaria aequitriloba (Viv. ) A.Chev. ssp. 
fragills (J.D.Rodriguez) D.A.Webb 

Cymbalaria muelleri (Moris) A.Chev. 

Digitalis dubia J.D.Rodriguez 

Digitalis leucophaea Smith ssp. leucophaea 



Balearic Is. 

Sardinia 
Balearic Is. 
Greece 



Euphrasia arctica Lange ex Rostrop ssp. minor Denmark 
Yeo 



Euphrasia azorica H.C.Watson 
Euphrasia call da Yeo 
Euphrasia canpbelliae Pugsley 
Euphrasia dunensis Wiinst. 
Euphrasia exaristata Smejkal 
Euphrasia grandiflora Hochst. ex Seub. 



Azores 

Iceland 

U.K. 

Denmark 

Czechoslovakia 

Azores 



Euphrasia marchesettii 

Wettst. ex Marches. 



Italy (E); Yugoslavia (R) 



Euphrasia rivularis Pugsley 

Euphrasia rotundifolia Pugsley 

Euphrasia stipitata Smejkal 

Euphrasia vigursii Davey 

Isoplexis canariensis (L. ) Don 

Isoplexis chalcantha Svent. & O'Shanahan 

Isoplexis isabelliana (Webb & Berthel.) 
Masferrer 



U.K. 

U.K. 

Czechoslovakia 

U.K. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is . 



Isoplexis sceptrum (L.f . ) Loudon Madeira 

Kickxia pendula (Kunkel) Kunkel Canary Is. 

Kickxia urbanii (Pitard) K.Larsen Canary Is. 

Lathraea rhodopea Dingier Bulgaria (R); Greece (R) 

Linaria algarviana Chav. Portugal 



R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


E 


E 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 158 



SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Linaria amoi Cairpo ex Amo Spain 

Linaria arenaria DC. France (R) ; Spain (R) 

Linaria clementei Haenseler ex Boiss« Spain 

Portugal 

Spain 

Portugal 



Linaria coutinhoi Vald^s 



Linaria faucicola Leresche & Levier 



Linaria ficalhoana Rouy 

Linaria flava (Poiret) Desf. Corsica(V); Sardinia(R) 



R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


E 


E 



Linaria glacialis Boiss. 

Linaria hellenica Turrill 

Linaria huteri Lange 

Linaria lamarckii Rouy 

Linaria loeselii Schweigger 

Li naria microsepala A.Kemer 

Linaria nigricans Lange 

Linaria platycalyx Boiss • 

Linaria pseudolaxif lora 
Lojac. 

Linaria ricardoi Cout. 

Linaria thymifolia (Vahl) DC. 

Linaria tonzigii Lona 

Lindernia procumbens 

(Krocker) Philcox 



Spain 


R 


R 


Greece 


E 


E 


Spain 


R 


R 


ftsrtugal 


V 


V 


Poland(R) 


R 


K 


Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Spain 


R 


R 


Spain 


R 


R 


Malta(R),- Sicily(R) 


R 




Portugal 


E 


E 


France 


V 


V 


Italy 


V 


V 


Austria(V); Bulgaria(K) 


V 





Czechoslovakia (R) ; France (V) 
F.R.G.(V); G.D.R.(E) 
Hungary (R); Italy (nt) 
Poland(R); Portugal (R) 
Romania (I); Spain (V) 
Switzerland ( Ex ) ; Yugoslavia 



Greece 



Melampyrum ciliatum Boiss. & Heldr. 

Melampyrum doerfleri Ronn. Albania (R); Yugoslavia (R) 



Melampyrum heracleoticum 
Boiss. S Orph. 



Albania (R); Greece (R) 
Yugoslavia (R) 



V V 
R R 
R R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 159 - 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Melampyrum trichocalycinum Vandas Yugoslavia R R 

Odontites granatensis Boiss. Spain R R 

Odontites holliana (Lowe) Benth. Madeira V V 

Odontites jaubertiana (Bor. ) D.Dietr. ex Walp. France I I 

Pedicularis asparagoides France (R); Spain (R) R R 
Lapeyr. 

Pedicularis baumgartenii Simonkai Romania R R 

Pedicularis exaltata Besser Czechoslovakia ( E) ; Poland(R) V V 

Romania (R) 

Pedicularis ferdinandi Borran. Yugoslavia R R 

Pedicularis heterodonta PanfiC Yugoslavia R R 

Pedicularis limnogena Greece (R); Romania (R) R R 
A.Kerner Yugoslavia (R) 

Pedicularis sudetica Willd. Czechoslovakia (E) ; Poland(R) V K 

Rhinanthus asperulus (Murb. ) Yugoslavia(R) R 
Soo 

Rhinanthus dinaricus Murb. Yugoslavia R R 

Rhinanthus halophilus Schneider G.D.R. E E 

Rhinanthus melampyroides (Borbas & Degen ) Soo Albania R R 

Rhinanthus pindicus (Sterneck) Soo Greece R R 

Scrophularia anagae Bolle. Canary Is. V V 

Scrophularia arguta Alton Spain (I) I 

Scrophularia bosniaca Beck Albania; Yugoslavia (R) R R 

Scrophularia calliantha Webb & Berthel. Canary Is. V V 

Scrophularia hirta Lowe Madeira R R 

Scrophularia langeana Bolle Canary Is. R R 

Scrophularia lowei Dalgaard Madeira R R 

Scrophularia myriophylla Greece ( R ) R 
Boiss. & Heldr. 

Scrophularia oblongifolia Merino Spain R R 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



160 



SCROPHULAKIACEAE 

Scrophularia pinardii Boiss • Greece (R) 



Scrophularia racemosa Lowe 

Scrophularia smithii Hornem. 

Scrophularia spinulescens Degen & Hausskn* 

Scrophularia taygetea Boiss. 

Sibthorpia peregrina L. 



Madeira 
Canary Is. 
Greece 
Greece 
Madeira 



Siphonostegia syriaca 
(Boiss. & Reuter) 
Boiss. 



Greece (R) 



Sutera canariensis (Webb S Berth.) Sund. & 



Canary Is. 



R 
V 
I 
R 
V 
R 



R 
V 

I 
R 
V 



Kunkel 












Verbascum acaule (Bory S Chaubard) Kuntze 


Greece 


R 


R 


Verbascum adeliae Heldr. ex 


Boiss. 




Greece 


R 


R 


Verbascum adenanthum Bornin. 


Bulgaria (R) ; Greece 
Yugoslavia (R) 


R 


R 


Verbascum adrianopolitanum 
Podp. 


Bulgaria (R) 




R 


R 


Verbascum anisophyllum Murb 


• 




Bulgaria 


K 


E 


Verbascum argenteum Ten. 






Italy 
Greece 


R 
R 


R 


Verbascum botuliforme Murb. 


R 


Verbascum cylindrocarpum Griseb. 




Greece 


I 


I 


Verbascum cylleneum (Boiss. 


& Heldr. ) 


Kuntze 


Greece 


£ 


E 


Verbascum davidoff ii Murb. 






Bulgaria 
Bulgaria 


V 
R 


V 


Verbascum decorum Velen. 


R 


Verbascum delphicum Boiss. . 


S, Heldr. 




Greece 


R 


R 


Verbascum durmitoreum Rohl. 






Yugoslavia 


R 


R 


Verbascum euboicum Murb. & : 


Rech.f . 




Greece 


R 


R 


Verbascum hervieri Degen 






Spain 


R 


R 


Verbascum herzogii Bomm. 






Yugoslavia 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



161 



SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Verbascum ikaricuni Murb. 

Verbascum jankaeanum Panfcid 

Verbasctim laciniatum (Poiret) Kuntze 

Verbascum lagurus Fischer & Bulgaria (R) 
C.A.Meyer 



Verbascum levanticum 



Greece (R) 



I.K.Ferguson 
Verbascum litigiosum G.Samp. 
Verbascum macedonicum Kosanin & Murb. 

Greece (R) 



Verbascum mykales Bornm. 
Verbascum nevadense Boiss 
Verbascum nicolai Rohl. 



Greece 

Bulgaria 
Spain 



Portugal 
Yugoslavia 



Verbascum pelium Halacsy 

Verbascum pentelicum Murb- 

Verbascum propontideum Murb. Greece (R) 



Spain 
Albania ; Yugoslavia ( R ) 

Greece 
Greece 



R 
E 
R 
R 



V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



R 
E 
R 

nt 



V 
R 

R 
R 
R 
R 



Verbascum purpureian (Janka) Bulgaria(R); Romania (E) 
Huber-Mor. 



Verbascum reiseri Halacsy 



Greece 



Verbascum siculum Tod. ex Italy (R); Sicily (R) 

Lojac. 

Verbascum spathulisepal\3m Greuter & Rech.f. Greece 



Verbascxim symes Murb. & 
Rech.f. 



Greece (R) 



Verbascum syriacum Schrader Greece 

Veronica aznavourii Doerfler Bulgaria(R); Greece(R) 



R 
R 



R 
R 

I I 
R 

V V 
R 



Veronica bornmuelleri 
Hausskn. 

Veronica dabneyi Hochst. 

Veronica euxina Turrill 



Greece (R) 



Azores 
Bulgaria 



I I 

Ex Ex 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 162 



SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Veronica oetaea L.-A.Gustavsson 



Greece 



Albania 

Canary Is. 
Balearic Is. 
Italy 

Canary Is. 
Greece 



Veronica rhodopaea (Velen.) Degen ex Stoy. et Bulgaria 
al 



Veronica rosea Desf. Spain (I) 

Veronica stamatiadae Greece ( V ) 

M.A.Fischer & Greuter 

Veronica turrilliana Stoy. S Bulgaria (R) 
Stef. 

Wulfenia baldaccii Degen 

SELAGINACEAE 

Globularia ascanii D.Bramwell & Kunkel 

Globularia cambessedesii Willk. 

Globularia incanescens Viv. 

Globularia sarcophylla Svent. 

Globularia stygia Orph. ex Boiss. 

SOLANACEAE 

Atropa baetica Willk. 

Mandragora officinarum L. 

Solanum lidii Sunding 

Solanum nava Webb & Berthel. 

Solanum trisectian Dunal 

Solanum vespertilio Alton 

TAMARICACEAE 

Reaumuria vermiculata L. 

Tamarix boveana Bunge 

THEACEAE 

Visnea mocanera L.f. 

THYMELAEACEAE 

Daphne arbuscula Celak. 



Spain (E) 

Italy (V); Yugoslavia (R) 

Canary Is. 

Canary Is. 

Madeira 

Canary Is . 

Sicily(R) 
Spain (V) 

Canary Is.(V); Madeira (R) 

Czechoslovakia 



E E 

R R 

I 
V 



I I 

E E 

R R 

R R 

E E 

E E 



E 
V 

E 
I 
E 
V 



V 
E 

I 
E 
V 



R K 

V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 163 - 



THYMELAEACEAE 



Daphne jasminea Sibth. & 
Smith 




Gree 


!ce 


(R) 




R 


R 


Daphne malyana Blecic 












Yugoslavia 


V 


V 


Daphne petraea Leybold 












Italy 


V 


V 


Daphne rodriguezii Texidor 












Balearic Is. 


E 


E 


Thymelaea broterana Cout. 












Portugal 


R 


R 


Thymelaea myrtifolia (Poire 


t) 


D, 


.A. 


Webb 


Balearic Is. 


R 


R 


Thymelaea thomasii Duby 












Corsica 


V 


V 



TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. 



TYPHACEAE 

Typha minima Funk 



Typha shuttleworthii Koch & 
Bonder 



Albania; Austria (R) 
Balearic Is.(E); Belgium (Ex) 
Bulgaria (V); Czechoslovakia ( V) 
France (nt); F.R.G.(V) 
G.D.R.(V); Greece(V) 
Hungary (R); Italy (V) 
Poland(V); Romania (nt) 
Spain (R); Sweden (Ex) 
Switzerland ( E) ; Yugoslavia (V) 



Austria(V); Czechoslovakia (Ex) 
France(V); F.R.G.(E) 
Hungary(E); Italy (I) 
Romania(nt); Switzerland ( E) 
Yugoslavia 

Albania; Austria 

Bulgaria (R); Czechoslovakia ( E) 

France(V); F.R.G. (V) 

Hungary (Ex); Italy (E) 

Romania(R); Switzerland( V) 

Yugoslavia 



ULMACEAE 

Celtis caucasica Willd. Bulgaria(R) 

Zelkova cretica (Smith) Spach 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Ammi huntii H.C.Watson 

Ammi procerum Lowe 



Greece 

Azores 
Madeira 



V nt 



R 

V V 

R R 

V V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



164 



UMBELLIFERAE 

Ammi trifoliatum (H.C.Watson) Trelease Azores 

Angelica angel icastrum (Hoffmanns. & Link) Portugal 
Cout. 

Angelica heterocarpa Lloyd France 

Angelica pachycarpa Lange Portugal (R) ; Spain(R) 

Angelica palustris (Besser) Austria (?); Bulgaria (K) 



Hoffman 



Api\]m repens (Jacq. ) Lag. 



Astrantia pauciflora Bertol. 

Athamanta cortiana Ferrarini 

Athamanta densa Boiss. & 
Orph. 



Czechoslovakia ( E) ; F.R.G.(Ex) 
G.D.R. (V); Hungary(E) 
Romania (V); Yugoslavia (V) 

Austria (I); Belgium (E) 
Bulgaria (K ) ; Czechoslovakia ( E) 
Denmark(E); France (nt) 
F.R.G.(E); G.D.R. (V) 
Hungary(E); Italy 
Netherlands (E); Poland(R) 
Spain(nt); Swit2erland(E) 
U.K.(E); Yugoslavia(?) 

Italy 

Italy 

Albania ; Greece ( R ) 



Athamanta turbith (L. ) Brot. ssp. hungarica Romania 
(Borbas) Tutin 



Bunium brevifolium Lowe 



Madeira 



R R 

R R 

£ E 

R R 
V 



R 
V 
R 



Bupleurum acutifolium Boiss. Portugal(R); Spain(R) 



E 
R 



R 
V 
R 



E 
R 



Bupleurum aira Snogerup 
Bupleurum barceloi Coss. ex Willk. 
Bupleurum bourgaei Boiss . & Reuter 
Bupleurum capillare Boiss. & Heldr. 
Bupleurum dianthifolium Guss. 
Bupleurum elatvim Guss. 



Greece 

Balearic Is. 

Spain 

Greece 

Sicily 

Sicily 



Bupleurum foliosum Salzm. ex Gibraltar; Spain (R) 
DC. 



R 
R 
V 

E 
V 
V 
R 



R 
R 
V 
E 
V 
V 



Bupleurum handiense (Belle ) Kunkel 



Canary Is . 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



165 - 



UMBELLIFERAE 

Bupleurum kakiskalae Greuter Greece 

Chaerophyllum azoricum Trelease Azores 

Chaerophyllum coloratum L. Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 

Chaerophyllum creticviin Boiss. & Heldr. Greece 

Chaerophyllxim heldreichii Orph. ex Boiss- Greece 

Caucus carota L. ssp. gadecaei (Rouy & Camus) France 
Heywood 



Caucus conchitae Greuter 



Eryngium alpinum L. 



Greece 

Austria(R); France(V) 
Italy(E); Switzerland (V) 
Yugoslavia 



Eryngium amorginum Rech.f. 

Eryngium barelieri Boiss. 

Eryngium falcatum Delaroche Greece (R) 



Greece 
France (V) 



Eryngium juresianum (M.Lainz) M.Lainz 
Eryngium serbicum Pancic 
Eryngium spinalba Vill. 
Eryngium ternatum Poiret 
Eryngium viviparum Gay 



Spain 

Yugoslavia 
France (R); Italy (V) 

Greece 



France ( E ) ; Portugal ( E ) 
Spain 

Italy (R) 

Czechoslovakia (V) ; Hungary (V) 
Romania (V) 

Greece (V) 



Ferula orientalis L. 
Ferula sadlerana Ledeb. 

Ferulago asparagifolia 
Boiss. 

Ferulago sartorii Boiss- Greece 

Ferulago serpentinica Rech.f. Greece 

Ferulago thyrsiflora (Sibth. S Smith) Koch Greece 

Geocaryum bommuelleri (Wolff) Engstr. Greece 

Geocaryum divaricatum (Boiss- & Orph.) Engstr. Greece 

Geocaryum euboicum (Rech.f.) Engstr. Greece 



E 
I 
R 
R 
R 
R 

R 
V 

R 
R 
R 

R 

R 

I 
R 
V 

R 
V 



E 
I 
R 
R 
R 
R 

R 
V 



R 
R 

I 
R 
V 

nt 



R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


Ex 


Ex 


Ex 


Ex 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 166 - 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Heptaptera angustifolla (Bertol.) Tutin 
Heptaptera macedonica (Bo mm.) Tutin 
Heracleum carpaticmn Porcius Romania (V) 

Heracleum minimum Lam. 

Hladnikia pastinacifolia Reichenb. 

Hohenackeria exscapa Spain (R) 

(Steven) Koso-Polj. 

Imperatoria lowei Coss . 

Laserpitium archangelica Bulgaria (V); Cz 

Wulfen Poland (R); Romania (R) 

Yugoslavia (R) 

laserpitium longiradium Boiss. Spain E 

Lereschia thomasii (Ten.) Boiss. Italy R 

Ligusticum albanicum S.Javorka Albania E 



Italy 


R 


R 


Yugoslavia 


I 


I 




V 


V 


France 


V 


V 


Yugoslavia 


R 
R 


R 


Madeira 


V 


V 


oslovakia(V) 


V 


V 



Ligusticum lucidum Miller ssp. huteri (P. Porta Balearic Is. 
& G. Rigo) O.Bolos 



E 
R 
E 
R R 



Ligusticum olympicum Novak Greece R R 

Melanoselinum decipiens Azores(R); Madeira(R) R r 
(Schrader & Wendl. ) 
Hoffmann 

Monizia edulis Lowe Madeira (E) E E 

Naufraga balearica Constance & Cannon Balearic Is. V V 

Oenanthe conioides Lange F.R.G. E E 

Oenanthe pteridifolia Lowe Madeira V V 

Oenanthe tenuifolia Boiss. & Albania; Bulgaria (R) r r 

Orph. Greece (R) 



Petagnia saniculifolia Guss. Sicily V 

Petroselinum segetxim (L. ) Belgium(E); Channel Is.(E) V 

Koch France(nt); Italy 

Netherlands (V); Portugal (R) 
Spain (R); U.K.(nt) 

Peucedanum achaicum Halacsy Greece R 

Rare and Threatened Plants 



V 
V 



- 167 



UMBELLIFEKAE 

Peucedanum alpinum Greece (R) 

(Schultes) B.L.Burtt & 
al 



nt 



Peucedanum coriaceum 
Reichenb. 

Pimpinella anagodendron Bolle 

Pimpinella bicknellii Briq. 

Pimpinella pretenderis (Heldr. ) Orph. ex 
Halacsy 

Pimpinella procumbens (Boiss.) H.Wolff 



Italy (E); Yugoslavia (R) 



Canary Is. 
Balearic Is. 
Greece 

Spain 



Rouya polygama (Desf . ) 
Coincy 



Corsica (V); Sardinia (R) 



Rutheopsis herbanica (Bolle) Hansen & Kunkel 

Sanicula azorica Guthnick ex Seub. 

Scaligeria halophila (Rech.f.) Rech.f. 

Scaligeria moreana Engstrand 

Seseli degenii Urumoff 

Seseli gummiferum Pallas ex Greece (R) 
Smith 

Seseli leucospermum Waldst. & Kit. 

Seseli malyi A.Kerner 

Seseli parnassicum Boiss. & Heldr. 

Seseli peixoteanum G.Samp. 

Seseli tomentosum Vis. 

Seseli webbii Coss . 



Canary Is. 

Azores 

Greece 

Greecs 

Bulgaria 

Hungary 

Yugoslavia 

Greece 

Portugal 

Yugoslavia 

Canary Is . 



Thorella verticillatinundata France (V); Portugal (R) 
(Thore) Briq. 



Tinguarra cervariaefolia Pari . 
Tordylium pestalozzae Boiss. Greece (R) 



Canary Is. 



V 


V 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 




R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 




V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



168 - 



UMBELLIFERAE 

Turgeniopsis foenlculacea Bulgaria (V) 
(Fenzl) Boiss. 

URTICACEAE 

Gesnouinia arborea (L.f . ) Gaudich. 

Parietaria filamentosa Webb & Berthel. 

Urtica rupestris Guss. 

Urtica stachyoides Webb & Berthel. 
VALERIANACEAE 



Canary Is. 
Canary Is. 
Sicily 
Canary Is. 



Centranthus trinervis (Viv.) Corsica (E); Sardinia (R) 
Beguinot 



Valeriana alliariifolia 
Adams 

Valeriana bertiscea Pandi(5 



''::^leriana celtica L. ssp. 
celtica 



Valeriana crinii Orph. ex 
Boiss. 



Greece (R) 



Albania (R); Greece (R) 
Yugoslavia (R) 

France (R); Italy (R) 
SwitzerlandCR) 

Albania (K); Greece (R) 



Valeriana olenaea Boiss. & Heldr. Greece 

Valeriana phitosiana Quezel & Contandr. Greece 

Valerianella divaricata Lange Spain 
Valerianella kotschyi Boiss. Bulgaria (R) 



V nt 

V V 
R R 
R R 
R R 



R 
R 
R 
R 



nt 



R 
R 
R 



Valerianella pontica Lipsky Bulgaria (R) 
VIOLACEAE 

Viola athois W.Becker Greece 

Albania ; Yugoslavia ( R ) 



Viola beckiana Fiala 



Viola brachyphylla W.Becker Greece(R); Yugoslavia (R) 
Viola cazorlensis Gandoger Spain 

Viola cheiranthifolia H.B. & K. Canary Is. 



V V 
R R 
R R 
R R 

V V 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



169 



VIOLACEAE 

Viola comollia Massara Italy 

Viola cretica Boiss. & Heldr. Greece 

Viola cryana Gillot France 

Viola delphinantha Boiss. Bulgaria (R) ; Greece (V) 
Viola dubyana Burnat ex Gremli Italy 

Viola elegantula Schott Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 
Viola eximia Formanek Greece{R); Yugoslavia (R) 

Greece (R) 

France 
Balearic Is. 
Romania 



Viola heldreichiana Boiss. 



Viola hispida Lam. 

Viola jaubertiana Mares S Vigineix 

Viola jooi Janka 



Viola kosaninii ( Degen ) 
Hayek 

Viola langeana Valentine 

Viola munbyana Boiss. & 
Reuter 

Viola palmensis Webb S Berthel 

Viola paradoxa Lowe 

Viola perinensis W.Becker 

Viola scorpiuroides Coss. 

Viola speciosa Pantocsek 

Viola stojanowii W.Becker 



Albania (R); Yugoslavia ( R) 

Portugal(R); Spain (R) 
Sicily(R) 

Canary Is. 

Madeira 
Bulgaria { R) ; Greece (R) 
Greece (R) 

Albania; Yugoslavia (R) 
Bulgaria (R); Greece (R) 



Viola stris-notata (J.Wagner) Merxm. & Lippert Greece 
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE 

Zygophyllum album L.f. Greece (R); Spain (I) 




R 


R 


R 


R 


Ex 


Ex 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


nt 


E 


E 


E 


E 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


K 


E 


E 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


nt 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 



Rare and Threatened Plants 



- 170 - 
COUNTRY LISTS OF THREATENED AND ENDEMIC SPECIES 



ALBANIA 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
BORAGINACEAE 

Alkanna sandwithii Rech.f. 

Moltkia doerfleri Wettst. 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Asyneuma comosiforme Hayek & Janchen 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria serpentini A. K. Jackson 
COMPOS ITAE 

Centaurea candelabrum Hayek & Kosanin 

Centaurea kosaninii Hayek 

Crepis bertiscea S.Javorka 

Petasites doerfleri Hayek 
CRUCIFERAE 

Lunaria telekiana S.JAvorka 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex markgrafii Kukenthal 
GRAMINEAE 

Festucopsis serpentini (C.E.Hubbard) 
Melderis 
HYPERICACEAE 

Hypericum haplophylloides Halicsy S 
Baldacci 
"sf^IATAE 

Ajuga piskoi Degen & Baldacci 

Stachys sericophylla Halacsy 
LBGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus autranii Baldacci 

Genista hassertiana (Baldacci) Baldacci 
ex Buch. 

Trifolium wettsteinii Doerfler & Hayek 
POLYGALACEAE 

Polygala doerfleri Hayek 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Ranunculus degenii Kiiiranerle & S.Javorka 

Ranunculus hayekii Doerfler 
ROSACEA E 

Sanguisorba albanica Andras. S S.Javorka 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Rhinanthus melampyroides (Borbas & 
Degen ) So6 

Wulfenia baldaccii Degen 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Ligusticum albanicum S.Javorka 



R 

I 

R 

K 

R 
V 
R 
R 

I 

K 



R 
R 



nt 
R 



nt 
R 



R 

I 



NON -ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifoJia L. 



X 



ALBANIA 



171 



OPHIOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychixom matricarii folium A.Braun ex 

Ko ch y" V 

ANGIOSPERMAE 
BORAGINACEAE 

Halacsya sendtneri (Boiss.) Doerfler \/ I 
Solenanthus albanicus (Degen et al) 

Degen & Baldacci R-. v 

Solenanthus scardicus Bomm. R R 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Edraianthus wettstelnii Halacsy S 

Baldacci R r 

Phyteuma pseudorbiculare Pantocsek R 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Minuartia velenovskyi (Rohl.) Hayek R 

Silene macrantha (PanCid!) Neumayer R R 

Silene schwarzenbergerl Halacsy Kv R 

CISTACEAE 

Cistus albanicus E.F.Warb. ex Heywood I R 

COMPOS ITAE 

Aster albanicus Degen V V 

Carduus ramosissimus PantiC R 

Centaurea amplifolia Boiss. & Heldr. 1^ I 

Centaurea nicolai Baldacci ~< R 

Centaurea spruneri Boiss. S Heldr. K •>' R 

Crepis albanica (S.Javorka) Babe. R R 

Crepis baldaccii Halacsy R- R 

Crepis macedonica Kitanoff n' r 

Crepis pantocsekii (Vis.) A.Latzel R 

Scorzonera doria Degen & Baldacci R 

CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum aetnense Tineo ? V 

Sedum serpentini Janchen R R 

CRUCI FERAE 

Alyssum markgrafii O.E.Schulz R R 

Alyssum smolikanum Nyar. R R 

DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia albanica Briq. R R 

Scabiosa epirota Halacsy & Baldacci R 
Succisella petteri (J.Kerner S Murb. ) 

Beck ■. R 

GENTIANACEAE 

Gentiana dinarica Beck I 

GERANIACEAE 

Erodium guicciardii Heldr. ex Boiss. R 

GESNERIACEAE 

Ramonda serbica PanCiC R R 

LABIATAE 

Micromeria parviflora (Vis.) Reichenb. R 

Stachys beckeana Doerfler S Hayek R R 

Stachys decumbens Pers. R 

Teucrium arduini L. R R 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus baldaccii Degen R R 

Astragalus fialae Degen R 

Oxytropis prenja (Beck) Beck R 



ALBANIA 



:72 



LEGUMINOSAE 

Oxytropis purpurea (BalcJacci) Mar):graf 
LILIACEAE 

Allium suaveolens Jacq. 
Fritillaria macedonica Bomiti. 

Narthecium scardicum Kosanin 
OLEACEAE 

Forsythia europaea Degen & Baldacci 
PLANTAGINACEAE 

Plantago reniformis Beck 
PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Goniolimon dalmaticum (C.Presl ) 
Reichenb.f . 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Aquilegia amaliae Heldr. ex Boiss- 

Aquilegia dinarica Beck 

Ranunculus fontanus C.Presl 
RHAMNACEAE 

Rhamnus intermedius Steudel & Hochst. 
ROSACEAE 

Geum heterocarpum Boiss. 

Malus florentina (Zuccagni) 
C.K.Schneider 

Potentilla visianii PanfiiC 
RUBIACEAE 

Galivim degenii Baldacci ex Degen 

Galium kemeri Degen & Doerfler 
RUTACEAE 

Haplophyllum boissieranum Vis. & Panffid! 
SANTALACEAE 

ThesiiMi auriculatum Vandas 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Melampyrum doer fieri Ronn. 

Melampyrum heracleoticum Boiss. & Orph. 

Scrophularia bosniaca Beck 

Verbascum nicolai Rohl. 
TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. 
TYPHACEAE 

Typha shuttleworthii Koch & Sender 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Athamanta densa Boiss. & Orph. 

Chaerophyllum coloratum L. 

Oenanthe tenui folia Boiss. & Orph. 
VALERIANACEAE 

Valeriana bertiscea Pantfie 

Valeriana crinii Orph. ex Boiss. 
VIOLACEAE 

Viola beckiana Fiala 

Viola elegantula Schott 

Viola kosaninii (Degen) Hayek 

Viola speciosa Pantocsek 





V 


v 


R 


IV^ 


V 


R- 


R 


R^ 


R 



R^ 
R-' 

V. 



Rv^ 



R<^ 



R« 
K 

r'- 
R' 



R 

R 

V 

R 

V 

R 
R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 
R 
R 
R 

V 

V 

R 
R 

R 

R 

R 

R 
R 

R 
R 



K 
V 



3 



:><XCJl~b 



ALBANIA 



173 



AUSTRIA 
ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

BORAGINACEAE 

Pulmonaria kerneri Wettst. nt 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula praes ignis Beck nt 

Campanula pulla L. nt 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus alpinus L. nt 

Moehringia diversifolia Dolliner ex Koch nt 

COMPOS ITAE 

Doronicum calcareuin Vierh. nt 

Doronicum cataractarum Widder R 

Erigeron candidus Widder R 

Leontodon montanif ormis Widder nt 

Senecio integrifolius (L. ) Clairv. ssp. 

serpentini (G. Gayer) S.Javorka I 

CRASSULACEAE 

Sempervivum pittonii Schott Nyman & 

Kotschy R 

CRUCIFERAE 

Draba stellata Jacq. nt 

Thlaspi alpiniim Crantz nt 

DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia carinthiaca Ehrendorfer R 

Knautia norica Ehrendorfer R 

EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia austriaca A.Kerner nt 

GRAMINEAE 

Festuca breviphila Tracey K 

Festuca carnuntina Tracey K 

Festuca eggleri Tracey K 

Festuca pallidula (Hackel) 

Markgraf-Dannenberg K 

Festuca xerorupicola Tracey K 

Stipa styriaca Martinovsky V 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Oxytropis triflora Hoppe nt 

PAPAVERACEAE 

Papaver burseri Crantz nt 

PRIMULACEAE 

Soldanella austriaca Vierh. nt 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Callianthemum anemonoides {Zahlbr. ) 

Endl. nt 

Delphinium elatum L. ssp. austriacum 

Paw*. K 

Pulsatilla halleri (All.) Willd. ssp. 

styriaca (Pritzel ) Kamels R 

RUBIACEAE 

Galium meliodorum (Beck ) Fritsch nt 



174 - 



SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga blepharophylla A.Kerner ex 
Hayek 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Euphrasia stiriaca Wettst. 

Melampyrum angustissimum Beck 

Pedicularis portenschlagii Sauter ex 
Reichenb. 

Rhinanthus carinthiacus Widder 
VALERIANACEAE 

Valeriana celtica L. ssp. norica Vierh. 



nt 
nt 



nt 
nt 



nt 



DOUBTFULLY ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia saxatilis Jacq. 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Melampyruin subalpinum (Juratzka) 
A.Kerner 



nt 



nt 



NCN-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPIDIACEAE 

Cystopteris sudetica A.Braun & Milde 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium adulterinum Milde 
LYCOPODIACEAE 

Diphasium issleri (Rouy) Holub 
MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. 
OPH lOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium lanceolatum (S.G.Qnelin) 
Angstrom 

Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 
Koch 

Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Qnelin) Rupr. 

Botrychiiam simplex Hitchc. 

Botrychium virginianum (L. ) Swartz 



Ex. 

Ri 

Rw 

I. 

Ry 

I., 



V 
R 
V 
V 



V 
V 
V 
V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Caldesia parnassifolia (L. ) Pari. 
BETULACEAE 

Be tula humilis Schrank 
BORAGINACEAE 

Myosotis rehsteineri Wartm. 

Myosotis stenophylla Knaf 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula beckiana Hayek 

Physoplexis comosa (L. ) Schur 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Silene linicola C.C.Qmelin 



R' 

Eu 
R V. 

I^ 

r' 



V 

V 

E 
V 

I 
V 



AUSTRIA 



175 



CHENOPODIACEAE 

Corispermum nitidum Kit. 
COMPOS ITAE 

Artemisia laciniata Willd. 

Artemisia nitida Bertol. 

Artemisia pancicii ( Janka ) Ronn . 

Centaurea sadlerana Janka 

Cirsimn brachycephalum Juratzka 

Ligularia sibirica (L. ) Cass. 

Serratula lycopifolia (Vill.) A.Kerner 
CRASSULACEAE 

Crassula aquatica (L. ) Schonl. 
CRUCIFERAE 

Alyssum wulf enianum Bernh. 

Crambe tataria Sebeok 

Erysimum hungaricimi Zapal. 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex baldensis L. 

Eleocharis carniolica Koch 

Eriophorum graci le Koch 
DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. 
ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. 
ERICACEAE 

Rhododendron luteum Sweet 
GENTIANACEAE 

LomatogonixMii carinthiacum (Wulf en) 
Reichenb. 
GRAMINEAE 

Coleanthus subtilis (Tratt. ) Seidl 

Helictotrichon desertorum (Less. ) Nevski 

Helictotrichon petzense Melzer 

Stipa borysthenica Klokov ex Prokudin 
HYDRANGEACEAE 

Philadelphus coronarius L. 
IRIDACEAE 

Iris humilis Georgi 
LABIATAE 

Dracocephalum austriacum L. 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus sulcatus L. 

Trifolium saxatile All. 
LILIACEAE 

Allium suaveolens Jacq. 
ORCH IDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. 

Hammarbya paludosa (L.) Kuntze 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 
OROBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche caesia Reichenb. 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Aquilegia alpina L. 
SANTALACEAE 

Thesium ebracteatum Hayne 



Ex 

E 
R 
V 
Rv. 

R 
R. 



R^ 
R- 

R 

I. 

Iv 



Ex 

I,- 

R 

nt . 

R 

R 
R 

R 

V, 

R 

V 
R 



E 
R 
V 
R 
V 
R 
V 



R 
V 

V 

V 
V 
V 

V 

I 

V 



V 
R 

R 

V 

I 

V 

V 

V 
V 



ntv 


V 


I«^ 


V 


V 


V 


R 


V 


R 


V 


E- 


E 



AUSTRIA 



.76 - 



SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga oppositifolia L. ssp. amphibia 

(Sunderm.) Braun-Blanquet Ex. Ex 

Saxifraga paradoxa Sternb. R.^ R 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Lindernia procumbens (Krocker ) Philcox V V 

TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. IK V 

TYPHACEAE 

Typha minima Funk 

Typha shuttleworthii Koch & Sonder 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Angelica palustris (Besser) Hoffman 

Apium repens ( Jacq. ) Lag. 

Eryngium alpinum L. 



v.- 


V 


. /^ 


V 


? ^ 


V 


I^ 


V 


S-v 


V 



--^ 



\ 






^ 



f\'c 



i. 



AUSTRIA 



,77 



BELGIUM 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ftNGIOSPERMAE 
GRAMINEAE 

Bromus bromoideus (Lej.) Crepin 

NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



Ex 



COUNTRY 
CATEGORY 



REGIONAL 
CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
LYCOPODIACEAE 

Diphasium issleri (Rouy) Holub E -^ 

MARSILEACEAE 

Pilularia globulifera L. Vv^ 

OPH lOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium matricariif olium A.Braun ex 

Koch Ex^ 



V 
V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Echinodorus repens (Lam. ) Kern & Reichg. 

Luronium natans (L. ) Raf . 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill. 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Bassia hirsuta (L. ) Aschers- 
COMPOS IT AE 

Logfia neglecta (Soy.-Will.) Holub 

Senecio congestus (R.Br. ) DC. 
CRUCIFERAE 

Sisymbrium supinum L. 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex trinervis Degl . ex Loisel. 

Eriophorum gracile Koch 
GRAMINEAE 

Bromus grossus Desf. ex DC. 

Deschampsia setacea (Huds. ) Hackel 
ORCHIDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. 

Hammarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 
TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Apium repens (Jacq.) Lag. 

Petroselinum segetum (L. ) Koch 



I . 


V 


R. 


V 


R V 


R 


Ex^- 


V 


Ex-' 


E 


V. 


V 



Ex, 

R 
E 

E 
V' 

Ex, 

E 

Ex 

E 
E 



V 
V 

E 
V 

V 
V 

V 



V 
V 



^-1 

f' ■ • ( 



178 



BULGARIA 
ENDEMIC TAXA 

ANGIOSPERMAE 
BORAGINACEAE 

Onosma thracica Velen. nt 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Jasione bulgarica Stoy. & Stef. nt 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus burgasensis Tutin I 

Dianthus stribrnyi Velen. V 

Dianthus urumoffii Stoy. S Acht. I 

Minuartia bulgarica (Velen.) Graebner nt 
COMPOS ITAE 

Achillea thracica Velen. R 
Anthemis argyrophylla (Halacsy & 

Georgieff) Velen. E 

Anthemis gaudium-solis Velen. I 

Anthemis orbelica Pancic R- 

Anthemis rumelica (Velen. ) Stoy. & Acht. R 

Anthemis sancti-johannis Turrill R 

Anthemis stribrnyi Velen. R 

Anthemis virescens Velen. R 

Carduus thracicus (Velen. ) Hayek V 

Centaurea bovina Velen. I 

Centaurea kernerana Janka r 

Centaurea mannagettae Podp. R 

Centaurea zlatarskyana Urumoff & Wagner I 

Crepis schachtii Babe. r 

Jurinea tzar-f erdinandii Davidoff V 
CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum kostovii Stef. r 

Sedtom zollikoferi F.Hermann & Stef. V 

Semper vivxim erythraeum Velen. nt 

Sempervivum leucanthum Pantfid! nt 
CRUCIFERAE 

Arabis ferdinandi-coburgi Kellerer & 

Sunderm. r 

Capsella thracica Velen. V 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex tricolor Velen. nt 
GRAMINEAE 

Bromus moesiacus Velen. V 
Festuca balcanica (Acht.) 

Markgraf-Dannenberg K 
Festuca pirinica Horvat ex 

Markgraf-Dannenberg V 

Sesleria klasterskii Deyl R 
LABIATAE 

Micromeria f rivaldszkyana (Degen) Velen. I 

Satureja rumelica Velen. I 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus wilmottianus Stoy. R 

Chamaecytisus kovacevii (Velen. ) Rothm. V 

Chamaecytisus nejceffii (Urumoff) Rothm. E 



BULGARIA 



179 



LILIACEAE 

Allium stojanovii Kovatschev 
PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limoniuin asterotrichum (C.E.Salmon) 
C.E.Salmon 
PRIMULACEAE 

Primula deorum Velen. 

Primula frondosa Janka 
RUBIACEAE 

Galium stojanovii Degen 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Verbascum anisophyllum Murb. 

Verbascum davidoffii Murb. 

Verbascum decorum Velen. 

Verbascum jankaeanum PanCiC 

Veronica euxina Turrill 

Veronica rhodopaea (Velen. ) Degen ex 
Stoy. et al 
UMBEtilFERAE 

Oenanthe millefolia Janka 

Seseli bulgaricum P.W.Bali 

Seseli degenii Urumoff 

Seseli rhodopeum Velen. 
VIOLACEAE 

Viola rhodopeia W.Becker 



nt 
R 



E 
V 
R 
E 
Ex 



nt 
K 

R 

nt 

nt 



DOUBTFULLY ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus microlepis Boiss. 
CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum stefco Stef. 
LABIATAE 

Satureja pilosa Velen. 
LILIACEAE 

Tulipa urumoffii Hayek 
RUBIACEAE 

Galium bulgaricum Velen. 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Verbascum adrianopolitanum Podp. 



nt 

R 

nt 

R 

nt 

R 



NON -ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Caldesia pamassifolia (L. ) Pari. 
Luronium natans (L. ) Raf . 
BORAGINACEAE 

Alkanna primulifolia Griseb. 
Alkanna stribmyi Velen. 
Buglossoides glandulosa (Velen.) 
R.Fernandes 



Ex 


V 


nt 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 



BULGARIA 



180 



BORAGINACEAE 

Onosma rhodopea Velen. 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula transsilvanica Schur ex Andrae 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria rigida M.Bieb. 

Dianthus dobrogensis Prodan 

Dianthus freynii Vandas 

Dianthus nardiformis Janka 

Dianthus pallidif lorus Ser. 

Minuartia saxifraga (Frivald. ) Graebner 

Minuartia stojanovii (Kit. ) Kozuharov & 

Kuzmanov 
Moehringia grisebachii Janka 
Moehringia jankae Griseb. ex Janka 
Petrorhagia alpina (Habl.) P. W. Ball & 
Heywood 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Bassia hirsuta (L. ) Aschers . 
Corisperrmim nitidum Kit. 
COMPOS IT AE 

Achillea biebersteinii Afanas. 
Carduus adpressus C.A.Meyer 
Centaurea amplifolia Boiss . & Heldr. 
Centaurea immanuelis-loewii Degen 
Centaurea varnensis Velen. 
Chondrilla pauciflora Ledeb. 
Cirsivun bulgaricum DC. 
Crepis stojanovii Georgieff 
Jurinea taygetea Halacsy 
Ligularia glauca (L. ) 0. Hoffman 
Ligularia sibirica (L. ) Cass. 
Serratula bulgarica Acht. & Stoy. 
CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum aetnense Tineo 
Sempervivum ciliosum Craib 
CRUCIFERAE 

Alyssum borzaeantim Nyar. 
Crambe tataria Sebeok 
Hesperis macedonica Adamovic 
Lepidotrichum uechtritzianum (Bornm.) 

Velen. 
Matthiola odoratissima (M.Bieb. ) R.Br. 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex brevicollis DC. 
Eleocharis carniolica Koch 
Eriophorum gracile Koch 
DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia byzantina Fritsch 
Scabiosa cosmoides Boiss. 
DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. 
EIATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L, 



R 

R 

I. 

I 

R- 

R' 

R 

V-- 

R 

R 



R 

I 
I 
V 
R 
R 

V 
V 
V 



R 


V 


R 


V 


R- 


R 


R 


R 


I. 


I 


Ev 


I 


I^ 


I 


R 


R 


R- 


R 


V. 


V 


V^ 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I 


I 


Rv 


V 


R. 


R 


R 


I 


E^ 


V 


V^ 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


R^ 


R 


R 


V 


R 


V 


R- 


R 


V^ 


V 


Ex. 


V 


Vi/ 


I 



BULGARIA 



- li 



ERICACEAE 

Vaccinium arctostaphylos L. R' 

GESNERIACEAE 

Ramonda serbica PanCit R" 

GRAMINEAE 

Festuca arenicola (Prodan) Sod" 

Poa pirinica Stoy. & Acht. 

Sesleria alba Sibth. & Smith 

Stipa borysthenica Klokov ex Prokudin 
LABIATAE 

Marrubimii f riwaldskyanum Boiss. 

Salvia scabiosif olia I^m. 

Teucrium lamifolium Urv. 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus arnacantha M.Bieb. 

Astragalus centralpinus Braun-Blanquet 

Astragalus dasyanthus Pallas 

Astragalus physocalyx Fischer 

Hedysarvun tauricum Pallas ex Willd. 

Lathyrus pancicii (Jurisic) Adamovic 

Ononis adenotricha Boiss. 

Trifolium affine C.Presl 

Vicia montenegrina Rohl . 

Vicia sparsiflora Ten. 
LILIACEAE 

Allium jubatum MacBride 

Bellevalia sarmatica (Pallas) Woronow 

Fritillaria drenovskii Degen & Stoy. 

Fritillaria gussichiae (Degen & 
Doerfler) Rix 

Fritillaria meleagroides Patrin ex 
Schultes f. 

Fritillaria stribrnyi Velen. 

Lilium rhodopaeum Delip. 

Omithogalum amphibolum Zahar. 
ORCHIDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 
OPOBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche serbica Beck & Petrovic 
PAPAVERACEAE 

Hypecoum ponticum Velen. 
PLUMBAG IN ACEAE 

Goniolimon dalmaticum (C.Presl) 
Reichenb.f . 
POLYGONACEAE 

Rheum rhaponticxun L. 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Delphinium albiflorum DC. 

Pulsatilla patens (L. ) Miller 
ROSACEAE 

Spiraea crenata L. E •■ V 

RUB I ACEAE 

Asperula setulosa Boiss. V-' V 

Asperula suberosa Sibth. & Smith R^ R 



V^ 


V 


R. 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


R^- 


R 


R- 


R 


R - 


R 


R 


R 


nf- 


V 


R-- 


V 


T-^ 


I 


■R^ 


R 


I-^ 


R 


R- 


R 


R._ 


R 

I 


R- 


V 


Ev^ 


E 


R.^ 


V 
R 



V^ 


V 


R'- 


R 


R. 


R 


R. 


V 


V. 


V 


? V 


V 


R 


R 


V^ 


V 


R' 


R 


R^' 


R 


R. 


R 


ly 


V 



BULGARIA 



- 182 



RUTACEAE 

Haplophyllum balcanicum Vandas R. R 

SANTALACEAE 

Thesium brachyphyllum Boiss . 7 R 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Lathraea rhodopea Dingier R R 

Lindernia procumbens (Krocker ) Philcox K^ v 

Verbascum adenanthum Bornm. R R 

Verbascum lagurus Fischer & C-A. Meyer R R 

Verbascum purpureum (Janka) Huber-Mor. R I 

Veronica aznavourii Doerfler R R 

Veronica turrilliana Stoy. & Stef. R R 

TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. V»^ V 

TYPHACEAE 

Typha shuttleworthii Koch & Sender R V 

ULMACEAE 

Celtis caucasica Willd. Rv R 

OMBELLIFERAE 

Angelica palustris (Besser) Hoffman 

Apiixm repens (Jacq. ) Lag. 

Laserpitiiim archangelica Wulfen 

Oenanthe tenuifolia Boiss. & Orph. 

Turgeniopsis foeniculacea (Fenzl) Boiss. 
VALERIANACEAE 

Valerianella kotschyi Boiss. 

Valerianella pontica Lipsky 
VIOLACEAE 

Viola delphinantha Boiss. 

Viola perinensis W.Becker 

Viola stojanowii W.Becker 






J > 


}^ 


t< 


' ^ 


(\^ 


:^ 


^ 


:f.h 


i 




i 




n 


, 



K 


V 


K 


V 


Vv 


V 


Ru 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R. 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 



BULGARIA 



183 



CZECHOSLOVAKIA 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula gelida Kovanda 
Campanula xylocarpa Kovanda 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Cerastium alsinifolium Tausch 

CRUCIFERAE 

Hesperis slovaca (Dvorak) Dvorak 

GRAMINEAE 

Koeleria tristis Domin 

S CROP HUL AR I ACEAE 

EXiphrasia exaristata Smejkal 
Euphrasia stipitata Smejkal 
Melampyrum bohemicum A.Kerner 

THYMELAEACEAE 

Daphne arbuscula Celak. 



E 
R 

E 

nt 

nt 

I 
I 
nt 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPIDIACEAE 

Cystopteris sudetica A.Braun & Milde E y/- 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium adulterinum Milde R"' 

LYCOPODI ACEAE 

Diphasimn issleri (Rouy) Holub R» 

MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. R- 

Pilularia globulifera L. R. 

OPHIOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 

Koch R- 

Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gtaelin) Rupr. R. 

Botrychium simplex Hitchc. Ex 

Botrychium virginianum (L. ) Swartz Ex 



V 
V 



V 
V 
V 
V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Luroniuin natans (L. ) Raf. 
BETULACEAE 

Betula humilis Schrank 
BO RAG IN ACEAE 

Myosotis stenophylla Knaf 

Onosma tornensis S.Javorka 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill. 

Dianthus nitidus Waldst. & Kit. 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Corispermum canescens Kit. 

Corispermum marschallii Steven 

Corispermum nitidum Kit. 



Ex 

Ex 

R 
V 

R- 
R . 

R 

R . 
R 



V 

V 

V 
V 

R 
V 

R 
V 
V 



CZECHOSLOVAKIA 



- J 84 



COMPOS ITAE 

Achillea ochroleuca Ehrh. 

Artemisia pancicii (Janka) Ronn. 

Centaurea sadlerana Janka 

CirsiviBi brachycephalum Juratzka 

Erigeron nanus Schur 

Jurinea cyanoides (L. ) Reichenb. 

Ligfularia glauca (L. ) O. Hoffman 

Ligularia sibirica (L. ) Cass. 

Senecio congestus (R.Br. ) DC. 

Serratula lycopifolia (Vill. ) A.Kerner 

Tragopogon floccosus Waldst. & Kit. 
CRASSULACEAE 

Crassula aguatica (L. ) Schonl. 
CRDCIFERAE 

Cochlearia tatrae Borbas 

Crambe tataria Sebeok 

Erysimum hungaricum Zapal. 

TMaspi jankae A.Kerner 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex brevicollis DC. 

Eleocharis camiolica Koch 

Eriophorum gracile Koch 
DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. 
ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. 

Elatine hungarica Moesz 
GHTTIANACEAE 

Gentianella uliginosa (Willd. ) Bomer 
GRAMINEAE 

Coleanthus subtilis (Tratt. ) Seidl 

Helictotrichon desertorum (Less.) Nevski 

Stipa borysthenica Klokov ex Prokudin 

Stipa dasyphylla (Lindem. ) Trautv. 

Stipa zalesskii Wilensky 
IRIDACEAE 

Iris humilis Georgi 
LABXAT&E 

DracocephalisD austriacum L. 
LEGDMINOSAE 

Astragalus arenarius L. 

Astragalus sulcatus L. 

Lathyrus transsilvanicus (Sprengel) 
Fritsch 

Tri folium lupinaster L. 

Vicia sparsiflora Ten. 
LILIACEAE 

Colchicum arenarium Waldst. 6 Kit. 
ORCH IDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. 

Hammarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 
OROBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche caesia Reichenb. 



E 
R 
R 
R 
E 
E 
R 

E 



R 
R 
V, 
E. 



R 
R 
V 



V 



R 
R 

I 
R 
R , 

V-' 

v^- 

E 
Ex 

E 
V 



E 
E 
E 



V 

V 
R 
V 
R 
V 
R 
R 
V 
V 
V 



I 

V 
V 
V 

R 
V 
V 



I 
V 



V 
R 
V 
V 
R 

V 

V 

V 

V 

V 
R 

V 



V 
V 
V 



CZECHOSLOVAKIA 



- 185 



RANUNCULACEAE 

Pulsatilla patens (L. ) Miller R V 

Ranunculus polyphyllus Waldst. & Kit. ex 

Willd. E, V 

ROSACEAE 

Spiraea crenata L. E V 

SALICACEAE 

Salix bicolor Willd. R' R 

SANTALACEAE 

Thesium ebracteatum Hayne E E 

SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga wahlenbergii Ball R R 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Lindernia procumbens (Krocker ) Philcox R V 
Pedicularis exaltata Besser E V 

Pedicularis sudetica Willd. E V 

TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. V V 

TYPHACEAE 

Typha minima Funk Ex V 

Typha shuttleworthii Koch & Sender E V 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Angelica palustris (Besser) Hoffman E' V 
Apium repens (Jacq.) Lag. E V 

Ferula sadlerana Ledeb. V V 

Laserpitium archangelica WUlfen V- V 



r-, 

" ' L 



CZECHOSLOVAKIA 



- 186 



DENMARK 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Euphrasia arctica Lange ex Rostrop ssp. 

minor Yeo 
Euphrasia dunensis Wiinst. 

NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
LYCOPODIACEAE 

Diphasium issleri (Rouy) Holub 
MARSILEACEAE 

Pilularia globulifera L. 
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 
Koch 

Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Qnelin) Rupr. 

Botrychium simplex Hitchc. 

ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Luronium natans (L. ) Raf . 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Bassia hirsuta (L. ) Aschers. 
COMPOS ITAE 

Senecio congestus (R.Br. ) DC. 
CRASSULACEAE 

Crassula aguatica (L. ) Schonl. 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex trinervis Degl . ex Loisel. 

Eriophorum gracile Koch 
ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. 
GENTIANACEAE 

Gentianella uliginosa (WiUd. ) Borner 
GRAMINEAE 

Deschampsia setacea (Huds. ) Hackel 
NAJADACEAE 

Najas flexilis (Willd. ) Rostk. & al 
ORCH IDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. 

Hammarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 
POTAMOGETONACEAE 

Potamogeton rutilus Wolfg. 
SANTALACEAE 

Thesium ebracteatum Hayne 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Apium repens (Jacq. ) lag. 



R 
R 

COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



R 
R 



V 
V 
E 



E 

V 

R- 

Ev-' 

R 

Vv 

R 
R 

E-. 

V. 

V 

V 

V 

E 
E 



V 

V 



V 

V 
V 



V 

V 

V 

V 

V 
V 

I 

V 

V 

V 

V 
V 
V 

V 

E 

V 



57 - 



DENMARK - FAEROE ISLANDS 

ENDEMIC TAXA 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Euphrasia atropurpurea (Rostrup) Ostenf. nt 

NON-ENDEMIC TAXA COUNTRY REGIONAL 

CATEGORY CATEGORY 

ANGIOSPERMAE 
ORCH IDACEAE 

Hammarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze V V 



a/vaajO( 1^ - rOuz/fOe Is, 



(^ V ! ^r t. s^i 



> 'i 



FAEROES 



FINLAND 

NON-ENDIMIC TAXA COUNTRY REGIONAL 

CATEGORY CATEGORY 

PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPIDIACEAE 

Diplazimn sibiricum (Turcz. ex Kunze ) 

Kurata r, r 

Dryopterls fragans (L. ) Schott R r 

Dryqpteris f ragrans (L. ) Schott R v 

ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium adulterinum Milde R^ r 

MARSILEACEAE 

Pilularia globulifera L. R V 

OPH lOGLDS S ACEAE 

Botrychium lanceolatvnn (S.G.Qnelin) 

Angstrom r v 

Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 

Koch R V 

Botrychium multifidum (S.G.aielin) Rupr. nt V 
Botrychium simplex Hitchc. r v 

Botrychium virginianum (L. ) Swartz V^ V 

ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Alisma wahlenbergii (O.R.Holmberg) 

Juzepczuk R V 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Silene furcata Raf. r r 

COMPOSITAE 

Antennaria nordhageniana Rune & Ronning ? v 
CRASSULACEAE 

Crassula aguatica (L. ) Schonl. nt V 

CROCIFERAE 

Draba cinerea Adams r ,y^ r 

CYPERACEAE 

Carex holostoma Drejer r^ r 

Carex recta F.Boott K R 

Eriophorum gracile Koch 
ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. Bv^ I 

GENTIANACEAE 

Gentianella uliginosa (Willd. ) B6mer V V 
GRAMIMEAE 

Cinna latifolia (Trev. ) Griseb. R^ r 

Trisetian subalpestre (Hartm. ) Neuman R v 
NAJADACEAE 

Najas flexilis (Willd.) Rostk. s al R 

Najas tenuissima (A.Braun) Magnus V 

ORCHIDACEAE 

Calypso bulbosa (L. ) Oakes E 

Cypripedixnn calceolus L. V 



A 



V 



V 
V 



V 
V 



Hairanarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze v v 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. V V 



FINLAND 



- 189 - 



POTAMOGETONACEAE 

Potamogeton rutilus Wolfg. Rv^ V 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Pulsatilla patens (L. ) Miller Vv.- V 

Ranunculus sulphureus Phipps R^ R 

SALICACEAE 

Salix pyrolifolia Ledeb. R^ R 



I -I 



i 5f 



Ol.(^jZ. 



FINLAND 



- 190 - 

FRANCE 
ENDEMIC TAXA 

PTERIDOPHYTA 



ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium jahandiezii (Litard.) Rouy V 
ISOETACEAE 

Isoetes tenuissima Bor. V 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

BORAGINACEAE 

Myosotis gallica Vestergren R 

Myosotis ruscinonensis Itouy Ex 

Omphalodes littoralis Lehm. E 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula fritschii Witasek K 

Campanula longisepala Podlech R 

Phyteuma gallicum R.Schulz R 

Phyteuma rupicola Braun-Blanquet K 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria cinerea DC. R 

Arena ria provincialis Chater & Halliday V 

Bufonia perennis Pour ret R 

Dianthus graniticus Jordan R 

Minuartia olonensis (Bonnier) P.Fourn. Ex 

Silene brachypoda Rouy R 

COMPOS ITAE 

Anthemis gerardiana Jordan V 

Artemisia insipida Vill. Ex 
Artemisia molinieri Quezel Barbero & 

Loisel R 

Aster pyrenaeus Desf . ex DC. E 

Carduus aurosicus Vill. R 

Centaurea corymbosa Pourret V 
Centaurea leucophaea Jordan ssp. 

pseudocoerulescens (Briq. ) Dostal V 

Hieracium eriophorum St. Amans V 

Hieracium prostratum gioup V 

Leucanthanum burnatii Briq. & Cavill. nt 

Leucanthemum graminifolium (L. ) leim. nt 

CRUCIFERAE 

Alyssum arenarium Lois. E 

Arabis cebennensis DC. R 

Biscutella apricorum Jordan K 

Biscutella arvernensis Jordan nt 

Biscutella brevicaulis Jordan R 

Biscutella controversa Bor. nt 

Biscutella divionensis Jordan V 

Biscutella guillonii Jordan nt 

Biscutella intricata Jordan nt 

Biscutella lamottii Jordan nt 

Biscutella neustriaca Bonnet E 

Biscutella pinnatifida Jordan K 

Biscutella polyclada Jordan K 

Biscutella sclerocarpa Revel R 
Hormathophylla pyrenaica (Lapeyr.) 

Cullen & Dudley E 

Ptilotrichum macrocarpum (DC.) Boiss. R 



FRANCE 



R 



191 



DIPS AC ACE AE 

Knautia basaltica Chass • & Szabo I 

Knautia foreziensis Chass. & Szabo R 

EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia duvalii Lecoq S Lamotte 

Euphorbia ruscinonensis Boiss. E 

GERANIACEAE 

Erodium rodiei (Braun-Blanquet ) Poirion R 

GRAMINEAE 

Festuca arvernensis Markgraf-Dannenberg K 
Festuca degenii (St. -Yves) 

Markgraf-Dannenberg K 

Festuca glauca Vill. K 

Festuca huonii Auquier K 

Festuca niphobia (St. -Yves) Kerguelen K 

Festuca occitanica (Litard.) Auquier & 

Kerguelen K 

Festuca ochroleuca Timb.-Lagr. K 

Festuca ophioliticola Kerguelen K 

Festuca vasconsensis R 

JUNCACEAE 

Juncus pyrenaeus Timb.-Lagr. S Jeanb. K 

LABIATAE 

Thymus nitens Lamotte R 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Cytisus ardoini Fourn. R 

Cytisus sauzeanus Burnat & Briq. R 

Hedysarum boutignyanum Alleiz. R 

Jtedicago hybrida (Pourret) Trautv. nt 

LILIACEAE 

Allium scaberrimum Serres K 

PAPAVERACEAE 

Fumaria caroliana Pugsley K 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria girardii (Bernis ) I^itard. nt 

Limonium companyonis (Gren. S Billot) 

Kuntze E 

Limonium minutvmi (L. ) Fourr. nt 

PRIMULACEAE 

Androsace chaixii Gren. & Godron R 

RESEDACEAE 

Reseda jacquinii Reichenb. R 

ROSACEAE 

Potentilla delphinensis Gren. & Godron V 

RUBIACEAE 

Galium timeroyi Jordan nt 

SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga cebennensis Rouy S Camus P 

S CROPHUL ARI ACEAE 

Linaria thymifolia (Vahl) DC. V 

Odontites jaubertiana (Bor.) D.Dietr. ex 

Wa Ip . I 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Angelica heterocarpa Lloyd E 

Daucus carota L. ssp. gadecaei (Rouy & 

Camus ) Heywood V 

Heracleum minimum Lam. V 

Oenanthe foucoudii Tesseron V 



FRANCE 



192 - 



VIOLACEAE 

Viola cryana Gil lot Ex 

Viola hispida Lam. E 

DOUBTFULLY ENDEMIC TAXA 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

AMARYLLIDACEAE 

Leucojum nicaeense Ard. V 

CRASSULACEAE 

Semperviwim calcareum Jordan R 

DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia subcanescens Jordan K 

NON-ENDmiC TAXA COUNTRY REGIONAL 

CATEGORY CATEGORY 

PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPIDIACEAE 

Dryopteris aemula (Alton) O.Kuntze V, V 

HYMENOPHYLLACEAE 

Trichomanes speciosum Willd. /^ V 

ISOETACEAE 

Isoetes bcryana Durieu V v V 

Isoetes brochonii Motelay y y 

LYCOPODIACEAE ^ 

Diphasium issleri (Rouy) Holub E ^ V 

MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea cjuadrifolia L. V-' V 

Marsilea strigosa Willd. E v 

Pilularia globulifera L. V. v 

OPH lOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium lanceolatxim (S.G.Qnelin) 

Angstrom E V 

Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 

Koch E y 

Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Ghielin ) Rupr. E v 

Botrychium simplex Hitchc. E v 

PTERIDACEAE 

Pteris cretica L. IV 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

ALISMATACEAE 

Caldesia pamassifolia (L. ) Pari. 

Luronium natans (L. ) Raf . V 

BOPAGINACEAE 

Buglossoides gastonii (Benth.) 

I.M.Johnston V V 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula jaubertiana Timb.-Lagr. R r 

Campanula petraea L. V v 

Phyteuma humile Schleicher ex Gaudin 7^ R 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria controversa Boiss. V v 

Arena ria hispida L. 

Dianthus gallicus Pers. R 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill. r r 

Dianthus pungens L. R V 

Moehringia papulosa Bertol. r y 



V V 

V 



V V 

V 



FRANCE 



193 



CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Silene campanula Pers. R ' R 

Silene cordifolia All. R R 

Silene linicola C.C.Ginelin E E 

Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcek 

ssp. thorei (Duf . ) Chaters & Walters R V 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Bassia hirsute (L. ) Aschers- V^ V 

Halimione pedunculata (L.) Aellen E^ E 

CISTACEAE 

Cistus varius Pourret Z^ I 

COMPOS IT AE 

Artemisia atrata Lam. 

Berardia subacaulis Vill. 

Centaurea procumbens Balb. 

Crepis suffreniana (DC.) Lloyd 

Inula helvetica Weber 

Ligularia sibirica (L. ) Cass. 

Logfia neglecta (Soy. -Will.) Holub 

Senecio congestus (R.Br. ) DC. 

Serratula lycopifolia (Vill.) A.Kerner 

Solidago macrorrhiza Lange 
CRASSULACEAE 

Jovibarba allionii (Jordan & Fourr. ) 
D.A.Webb 
CRUCIFERAE 

Hesperis inodora L. 

Hymenolobus procxambens (L. ) Nutt. ex 
Torrey S A.Gray 

Sisymbrium supinum L. 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex brevicollis DC. 

Carex fimbriate Schkuhr 

Carex grioletii Roemer 

Carex trinervis Degl. ex Lolsel. 

Eriophorum gracile Koch 
DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia godetii Reuter R, 

DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. E>^ 

ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. 

Elatine brochonii Clavaud 
GENTIANACEAE 

Centaurium chloodes (Brot. ) G.Samp 

Centaurium scilloides (L.fil.) Samp 

Gentiana ligustica R. de Vilm. & 
Chopinet 

Gentianella uliginosa (Willd. ) Borner 
GRAMINEAE 

Aira provincialis Jordan 

Coleanthus subtilis (Tratt.) Seidl 

Deschampsia setacea (Huds. ) Hackel 

Poa feratiana Boiss. & Reuter 
LABIATAE 

Ballota frutescens (L. ) Woods 

Dracocephalum austriacum L. 

Stachys brachyclada De Noe ex Cosson 



R. 


R 


R . 


R 


R 
R 


R 
R 


I ■ 


V 


E 


R 
E 


Ex 


V 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R. 


R 


?. 


V 


R-- 


I 


Ev 


V 


R-. 

R 


R 
R 


v., 

R 


V 
V 


I 


V 



Iv 


I 


I 


I 


R., 


R 


E^ 


I 


R 


V 


E 


E 


R- 


V 


E. 


V 


Vv 


V 


R. 


R 


R 


R 


Ev 


V 


Ex. 


V 



FRANCE 



- 194 



LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus baionensis Lois 
Astragalus centralpinus Braim-Blanquet 
Trifolium saxatile All. 
Vicia argentea Lapeyr. 
LILIACEAE 

Allium suaveolens Jacq. 
Fritillaria involucrata All. 
Lilium pomponium L. 
LINACEAE 

Linum leonii F.W.Schultz 
LYTHRACEAE 

Lythrum thesioides Bieb. 
MALVACEAE 

Hibiscus palustris L. 
ORCH IDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. 
Hanunarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze 
Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 
PIROLACEAE 

Pirola rotundifolia (L)ssp Maritima 
(Kenyon) E.T. Warburg 
PLDMBAGINACEAE 

Limonlum cordatum (L. ) Miller 
Limonium ramosissimum (Poiret) Maire 
ssp. provinciale (Pignatti) Pignatti 
POLYGONACEAE 

Rumex rupestris Le Gall 
POTAMOGETCfNACEAE 

Potamogeton rutilus Wolfg. 
PRIMULACEAE 

Androsace ciliata DC. 
Androsace cylindrica DC. 
Androsace pyrenaica Lam. 
Primula allionii Loisel. 
Soldanella villosa Darracq 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Aquilegia alpina L. 
Aquilegia bertolonii Schott 
Delphinium montanum DC. 
Delphinium requienii DC. 
Garidella nigellastrum L. 
Ranunculus revelieri Bor. 
ROSACEAE 

Geum heterocarpum Boiss. 
Potentilla multifida L. 
RUBIACEAE 

Asperula hexaphylla All. 
Galium fleurotii Jordan 
SALICACEAE 

Salix bicolor Willd. 
SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga cochlearis Reichenb. 
Saxifraga diapensioides Bellardi 
Saxifraga florulenta Moretti 
Saxifraga nervosa Lapeyr. 
Saxifraga valdensis DC. 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Bartsia spicata Ramond 

Linaria arenaria IX. 

Ldndernia proctombens (Krocker) Philcox 



R^ 


R 
V 


R^; 


V 

I 




V 


R. 


R 


R V 


V 


Vw 


V 


Ev- 


E 


V,. 


V 


R/ 

Ev^ 


V 
V 


V 


V 



I^ 


V 


I. 


I 


v. 


V 


V, 


V 


R.' 


R 


V. 


I 


R. 


R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


R^ 


V 
V 
R 


V- 


I 


Ev 


V 


R- 


R 


E_ 
R 


V 
R 


R 


R 
R 





R 


R 


R 


E 


V 




R 


V 


V 


R.. 


, I 


R. 


R 


V 


V 



FRANCE 



195 - 



SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Pedicularis asparagoides Lapeyr. R^ R 

TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. nt V 

TYPHACEAE 

Typha minima Funk V^ V 

Typha shuttleworthii Koch & Sender V V 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Apium repens (Jacq.) Lag. nt V 

Eryngium alpiniom L. V V 

Eryngium barrelieri Boiss V R 

Eryngium spinalba Vill. R^, I 

Eryngium viviparum Gay E V 

Petroselinum segetum (L. ) Koch nt V 
Ihorella verticiHatinundata (Thore) 

Briq. V. V 
VALERIANACEAE 

Valeriana celtica L. ssp. celtica R R 



iv- 






■7 



% S^'C*.CJ2,5 



FRANCE 



- 196 - 

CORSICA 

ENDEMIC TAXA 

flNGIOSPERMAE 

IMRRYLL IDACEAE 

Leucojum longifolium (Gay ex Roemer ) 

Gren. S Godron R 

BETULACEAE 

Alnus viridis (Chaix) DC. ssp. 

suaveolens (Req.) P.W.Bali nt 

BORAGINACEAE 

Myosotis corsicana (Fiori) Grau nt 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Phyteuma serratum Viv. nt 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Cerastium soleirolii Ser. ex Duby nt 

COMPOS IT AE 

Bellis bernardii Boiss. S Reuter R 

Doronicum corsicum (Loisel.) Poiret nt 

Leucanthemum corsicxun (Less.) DC. R 

CRUCIFERAE 

Biscutella rotgesii Foucaud V 

Draba loiseleurii Boiss. R 

DROSERACEAE 

Drosera Corsica Maire E 

EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia Corsica Req. V 

GRAMINEAE 

Trisetum bumoufii Req. ex Pari. K 

IRIDACEAE 

Crocus corsicus Vanucci ex Maw nt 

JUNCACEAE 

Juncus requienii Pari. R 

LABIATAE 

Acinos corsicus (Pars.) Getliffe R 

Nepeta agrestis Loisel. R 

L EHT ZBULARIACEAE 

Pinguicula Corsica Bernard & Gren. nt 

LILIACEAE 

Colchicum corsiciom Baker I 

Narthecium reverchonii Celak. nt 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria leucocephala Salzm. ex Koch nt 

Anneria multiceps Wallr. nt 

Armeria soleirolii (Duby) Godron V 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Aconitum corsiciam Gayer V 

Aquilegia litardierei Briq. R 

Ranunculus marschlinsii Steudel nt 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Anarrhinum corsicum Jordan & Fourr. nt 

Cymbalaria hepaticifolia (Poiret) 

Wettst. nt 



CORSICA 



e J ^ 



197 



1 



"v. ,-; C< <J2^ 



THYMELAEACEAE 

Thymelaea thomasii Duby 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Ligusticum corsicum Gay 
Pastinaca latifolia (Duby) DC. 



nt 
nt 



DOUBTFULLY ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 
Silene velutina 



Pourret ex lioisel. 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
MARSILEACEAE 

Pilularia globulifera L. 
OPH lOGLDS SACEAE 

Botrychium simplex Hitchc. 
PTERIDACEAE 

Pteris cretica L. 



Ev 

E,. 

Rv- 



V 
V 
V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

AMARYLL IDACEAE 

Leucojum roseiam Martin 
BORAGINACEAE 

Anchusa crispa Viv. 

Myosotis soleirolii Gren- & Godron 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Bassia hirsuta (L. ) Aschers. 
COMPOS ITAE 

Evax rotunda ta Moris 

Logfia neglecta (Soy. -Will.) Holub 

Nananthea perpusilla (Loisel.) DC. 
CRUCIFERAE 

Alyssum robertianum Bernard ex Gren. S 
Godron 

Brassica insularis Moris 
GRAMINEAE 

Aira provincialis Jordan 

Antinoria insularis Pari. 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Aquilegia bernardii Gren. S Godron 

Delphinium requienii DC. 

Ranunculus fontanus C.Presl 

Ranunculus revelieri Bor. 
RUTACEAE 

Ruta Corsica DC. 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Linaria flava (Poiret) Desf . 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Rouya polygaitia (Desf.) Coincy 
VALERIANACEAE 

Centranthus trinervis (Viv. ) Beguinot 



E . 
R 



E 
R 



v-y 


V 


R 


E 


v» 


V 


V. 


V 


V. 


V 


E 


V 


E . 


V 


nt 


R 


V 


I 




V 


V 


R 


R 


R 


Vv 


V 


V^ 


V 


E, 


V 



CORSICA 



198 - 



FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GEPMANY 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
GRAMINEAE 

Deschampsia wibeliana (Sonder) Pari. 

Stipa bavarica Martinovsky & H.Scholz 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Oenanthe conioides Lange 



nt 
E 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY 
CATEGORY 



REGIONAL 
CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 

ASP IDIACEAE 

Cystopteris sudetica A.Braun & Milde E„ V 

ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium adulterinum Milde Rv' R 

LYCOPODIACEAE 
- Diphasium issleri (Rouy) Holub V V 

MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. Ex.. V 

Pilularia globulifera L. E V 

OPHIOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 

Koch E V 

Botrychium multifidvun (S.G.Gtaelin) Rupr. E V 
Botrychium simplex Hitchc. Ex V 

Botrychivim virginianum (L. ) Swartz E V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Caldesia pamassifolia (L. ) Pari. 

Luronium natans (L. ) Raf . 
BETULACEAE 

Be tula humilis Schrank 
BORAGINACEAE 

Myosotis rehsteineri Wartm. 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill. 

Silene linicola C.C.Ginelin 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Bassia hirsuta (L. ) Aschers. 

Corispermum marschallii Steven 
COMPOS IT AE 

Inula helvetica Weber 

Jurinea cyanoides (L. ) Reichenb. 

Senecio congestus (R.Br. ) DC. 
CRASSULACEAE 

Crassula aguatica (L. ) Schonl. 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex baldensis L. 

Carex trinervis Degl. ex Loisel. 

Eriophorum gracile Koch 



E 
E 

V, 

E 

R 
Ex 

R 
E 

E 
V 

nt 

Ex 

V 
R 
E 



V 
V 

V 

E 

R 
E 

V 
V 

V 
V 
V 



V 
V 
V 



F.R.G. 



*■ 



Kf 



- 199 



DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. Ex V 

ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. EI 

GENTIANACEAE 

Gentianella uliginosa (Willd. ) Borner V^ V 

Lomatogonium carinthiacum (Wulfen) 

Reichenb. R^ R 

GRAMINEAE 

Coleanthus subtilis (Tratt. ) Seidl E V 

Deschampsia setacea (Huds. ) Hackel E V 

LEGtIMINOSAE 

Astragalus arenarius L. E^ V 

LILIACEAE 

Allium suaveolens Jacq. V»^ V 

LINACEAE 

Linum leonii F.W.Schultz E V 

NAJADACEAE 

Najas flexilis (Willd.) Rostk. S al E V 

ORCH IDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. V-' V 

Hairanarbya paludosa (L.) Kuntze E^ V 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. E V 

POTAMOGETONACEAE 

Potamogeton rutilus Wolfg. E V 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Pulsatilla patens (L. ) Miller E V 

SANTALACEAE 

Tbesium ebracteatum Hayne Ex E 

SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga oppositifolia L. ssp. amphibia 

(Sunderm. ) Braun-Blanquet Ex Ex 

SCROPHULARI ACEAE 

Lindernia procumbens (Krocker ) Philcox V V 

TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. V V 

TYPHACEAE 

Typha minima Funk 

Typha shuttleworthii Koch & Sonder 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Angelica palustris (Besser) Hoffman 

Apium repens (Jacq. ) Lag. 



■J^ 



R'. 5 

V MO 

of: I 



E-' 


V 


V^ 


V 


Ex 


V 


E 


V 



F.R.G. 



200 



GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
GRAMINEAE 

Bromus brachystachys Hornung 
Calamagrostis pseudopurpurea Gerstlauer 
ex Heine 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Rhinanthus halophilus Schneider 



Ex 
nt 
E 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Aspleniiom adulterinum Milde 
LYCOPODIACEAE 

Diphasium issleri (Rouy) Holub 
MARSILEACEAE 

Pilularia globulifera L. 
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 
Koch 

Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Qnelin) Rupr. 

Botrychium simplex Hitchc. 



R- 


R 


V, 


V 


V- 


V 


V' 


V 


Ex^- 


V 


Ex,, 


V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Caldesia pamassifolia (L. } Pari* 

Luronium natans (L. ) Raf . 
BETUIACEAE 

Betula humilis Schrank 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill. 
CHINOPODIACEAE 

Bassia hirsuta (L. ) Aschers* 
COMPOS IT AE 

Artemisia laciniata Willd. 

Senecio congestus (R.Br. ) DC. 
CRASSULACEAE 

Crassula aguatica (L. ) Schonl. 
CRUCIFERAE 

Hymenolobus procumbens (L. ) Nutt. ex 
Torrey & A.Gray 
CYPERACEAE 

Eriophoriom gracile Koch 
DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. 
ELATTNACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. 
GENTIANACEAE 

Gentianella uliginosa (Willd. ) Borner 



EXv' 


V 


^V^ 


V 


v^ 


V 


ntw 


R 


^.' 


V 


Exv 


E 


V 


V 



Ex. 
K 



I 

V 
V 

I 

V 



G.D.R. 



^1^- ewolU.vu.ic^ 


C . LO"--^ , 


e:^ 




V ;}L^ 




(^y: 7 




t : % 




at :p_ 




k : ! 




T ; 1 





R^' 


V 


R>^ 


V 


V- 


V 


E 


V 



201 - 



GRAMINEAE 

Coleanthus subtilis (Tratt. ) Seidl 

Deschampsia setacea (Huds. ) Hackel 

Stipa borysthenica Klokov ex Prokudin 

Stipa dasyphylla (Lindem. ) Trautv. 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus arenarius L. V^ 

LINACEAE 

Linum leonii F.W.Schultz R"^ 

NAJADACEAE 

Najas flexilis (Willd. ) Rostk. & al Vv 
ORCH IDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. 

Hammarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 
POTAMOGETONACEAE 

Potamogeton rutilus Wolfg. E '- V 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Pulsatilla patens (L. ) Miller Ex, V 

SALICACEAE 

Salix bicolor Willd. I - R 

* SANTALACEAE 

Thesium ebracteatum Hayne E .^ E 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Lindernia procumbens (Krocker ) Philcox E V 
TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. V^ V 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Angelica palustris (Besser) Hoffman Vv- V 

Apium repens (Jacq.) Lag. V" V 



nt- 


V 


E,.- 


V 


Vv.- 


V 



G.D.P. 



- 202 - 

GREECE 
ENDEMIC TAXA 

PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium creticum Lovis Reichst. & 

Zaffran R 
ISOETACEAE 

Isoetes heldreichii Wettst. I 

GYMNOSPERMAE 
PINACEAE 

Abies cephalonica Loudon nt 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

AMARYIilDACEAE 

Galanthus ikariae Baker R 

Galanthus reginae-olgae Orph. V 

ARACEAE 

hrum creticum Boiss- & Heldr. nt 

Biarum davisii Turrill R 

Biarum spruneri Boiss. R 

ARI STOLOCH I ACEAE 

Aristolochia cretica Lam. nt 

Aristolochia microstoma Boiss. & Spruner nt 

ASCLEP lADACEAE 

Vincetoxictim creticum Browicz R 

BO RAG IN ACEAE 

Alkanna calliensis Heldr. ex Boiss. R 

Alkanna corcyrensis Hayek nt 

Alkanna methanaea Hausskn. I 

Alkanna pelia (Halacsy) Rech.f. R 

Alkanna sartoriana Boiss. S Heldr. I 

Alkanna sieberi DC. R 

Anchusa cespitosa Lam. R 

Anchusa macrosyrinx Rech.f. R 

Anchusa phocidica L.-A.Gustavsson R 

Anchusa rechingeri Riedl R 

Anchusa sartorii Heldr. ex Gusul. R 

Anchusa spruneri Boiss. I 

Cynoglossum sphacioticum Boiss. S Heldr. R 
Echium cantabricum 

(Lainz )Fernandez-Casas & Lainz V 

Heliotropivmi halacsyi Riedl nt 

Lithodora zahnii (Heldr.) I.M.Johnston R 

Lithospermum goulandriorum Rech.f. R 

Onosma elegantissima Rech.f. & Goulimy R 

Onosma erecta Sibth. & Smith nt 

Onosma euboica Rech.f. R 

Onosma leptantha Heldr. R 

Onosma psammophila Rech.f. & Riedl V 

Onosma spruneri Boiss. nt 

Onosma taygetea Boiss. S Heldr. I 
Paraskevia cesatiana (Fenzl & Friedr. ) 

W. & G.Sauer R 

Procopiania circinalis (Runemark) Paw 3k. R 



GREECE 



- 203 



BORAGINACEAE 

Procopiania cretica (Willd. ) Gusul. nt 

Procopiania insularis Pawlr. R 

Rindera graeca (A.DC. ) Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Solenanthus pindicus Alden R 

Symphytum circinale Runemark K 

Symphytum cycladense Pawi. E 

Symphytum davisii Wickens R 

Symphytum icaricum Pawl. R 

Symphytum naxicola Pawl. R 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Asyneuma giganteum (Boiss.) Bornm. V 

Campanula aizoides Zaffran R 

Campanula aizoon Boiss. S Spruner V 

Campanula anchusiflora Sibth. & Smith nt 

Campanula andrewsii A.DC. nt 

Campanula calaminthifol ia lam. nt 

Campanula carpatha Halacsy R 

Campanula celsii A.DC. nt 

Campanula columnaris Contandr. et al R 

Campanula constantini Beauverd & Topali R 

Campanula creutzburgii Greuter R 

Campanula cymaea Phitos R 

Campanula drabifolia Sibth. & Smith nt 

Campanula euboica Phitos R 

Campanula goulimyi Turrill R 

Campanula hagielia Boiss. R 

Campanula heterophylld L. R 

Campanula hierapetrae Rech.f. R 

Campanula incurva Aucher ex A.DC. R 

Campanula laciniata L. I 
Campanula lavrensis (Tocl & Rohl.) 

Phitos R 
Campanula lyrata Lam. ssp. icarica 

Runemark ex Phitos K 

Campanula merxmuelleri Phitos I 

Campanula nisyria Papatsou & Phitos R 

Campanula oreadum Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Campanula papillosa Halacsy R 

Campanula patenticalyx Bocquet K 

Campanula pelviformis lam. nt 

Campanula pinatzii Greuter & Phitos nt 

Campanula pindicola Alden R 

Campanula radicosa Bory & Chaubard nt 

Campanula rechingeri Phitos R 

Campanula reiseri Halacsy R 

Campanula rhodensis A.DC. nt 

Campanula rupestris Sibth. & Smith R 

Campanula rupicola Boiss. & Spruner R 

Campanula sartorii Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Campanula saxatilis L. R 

Campanula sciathia Phitos R 

Campanula scopelia Phitos R 

Campanula sporadum Peer R 

Campanula stenosiphon Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Campanula thessala Ma ire nt 

Campanula topa liana Beauverd nt 



GREECE 



- 20A - 



CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula tubulosa Lam. nt 

Petromarula pinnata (L. ) A. DC. nt 

Symphyandra cretica A. DC. R 

Symphyandra samothracica (Degen) Halacsy V 

Symphyandra sporadiim Halacsy R 

Trachelium asperuloides Boiss. & Orph. V 

Trachelium jacquinii (Sieber) Boiss. R 

CAPRIFOLIACEAE 

Lonicera hellenica Orph. ex Boiss. K 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria aegaea Rech.f. nt 

Arenaria fragillima Rech.f. R 

Arenaria gionae L.-A.Gustavsson R 

Arenaria graveolens Schreber nt 

Arenaria guicciardii Heldr. ex Boiss. R 

Arenaria litoralis Phitos I 

Arenaria peloponnesiaca Rech.f. R 

Bolanthus chelmiAis Phitos K 

Bolanthus creutzburgii Greuter R 
Bolanthus fruticulosus (Bory & Chaubard) 

Barkoudah R 

Bolanthus intermedius Phitos K 

Bolanthus laconicus (Boiss.) Barkoudah R 
Bolanthus thessalus (Jaub. S Spach) 

Barkoudah nt 

Bolanthus thymifolius (Sm. ) Phitos K 

Bufonia stricta (Sibth. S Smith) Gurke nt 

Cerastivun candidissimum Correns nt 

Cerastium runemarkii Moschl & Rech.f. I 

Cerastium scaposum Boiss. S Heldr. nt 

Cerastiviin smolikanum Hartvig I 

Cerastium theophrasti Merxm. & Strid R 

Cerastium vourinense Moschl S Rech.f. R 

Dianthus aciphyllus Sieber ex Ser. R 

Dianthus biflorus Sibth. S Smith nt 

Dianthus creticus Tausch nt 

Dianthus fruticosus L. R 

Dianthus juniperinus Smith R 

Dianthus mercurii Heldr. I 

Dianthus pulviniformis Greuter V 

Dianthus rhodius Rech.f. R 

Dianthus serratifolius Sibth. & Smith nt 

Dianthus sphacioticus Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Dianthus stamatiadae Rech.f. R 

Dianthus stefanoffii Eig nt 

Dianthus xylorrizus Boiss. & Heldr. I 

Gypsophila achaia Bornm. R 

C^psophila nana Bory & Chaubard nt 
Minuartia eurytanica (Boiss. S Heldr.) 

Hand.-Mazz. nt 
Minuartia pichleri (Boiss.) Maire & 

Petitm. R 

Minuartia wettsteinii Mattf. R 

Paronychia bornmuelleri Chaudhri R 

Paronychia rechingeri Chaudhri nt 
Petrorhagia armerioides (Ser.) P.W.Bali 

& Heywood nt 



GREECE 



.Ball & Heywood 


nt 


(S. & S.) 






R 


(M. & R. ) 






nt 


. & S. ) P.W.Bali 






nt 


(S. S S. ) 






nt 


(B. S H. ) 





- 205 



CAEYOPHYLLACEAE 

Petrorhagia candica 
Petrorhagia dianthoides (S. 

P.W.Bali & Heywood 
Petrorhagia fasciculata 

P. W. Ball & Heywood 
Petrorhagia graminea (S. 

& Heywood 
Petrorhagia ochroleuca 

P. W. Ball & Heywood 
Petrorhagia phthiotica 

P.W.Bali S Heywood nt 

Silene ammophila Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Silene barbeyana Heldr. ex Boiss. R 

Silene congesta Sibth. & Smith nt 

Silene cythnia (Halacsy) Walters R 

Silene damboldtiana Greuter & Melzh. R 

Silene dictaea Rech.f. R 

Silene dionysii Stoy. & lordanov R 

Silene echinosperma Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Silene goulimyi Turrill R 

Silene guicciardii Boiss. & Heldr. I 

Silene haussknechtii Heldr. ex Hausskn. V 

Silene holzmannii Heldr. ex Boiss. V 

Silene insularis Barbey R 

Silene integripetala Bory & Chaubard nt 

Silene laconica Boiss. & Orph. R 

Silene linifolia Sibth. S Smith nt 

Silene niederi Heldr. ex Boiss. R 

Silene oligantha Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Silene orphanidis Boiss. E 

Silene pentelica Boiss. R 

Silene pindicola Hausskn. R 

Silene pinetorum Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Silene sartorii Boiss. S Heldr. nt 

Silene spinescens Sibth. S Smith nt 

Silene stenocalycina Rech.f. R 

Silene tempskyana Freyn S Sint. R 

Silene variegata (Desf.) Boiss. & Heldr. nt 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Atriplex recurva Urv. nt 

Beta nana Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Salsola aegaea Rech.f. nt 

Salsola carpatha P.H.Davis R 
CISTACEAE 

Helianthemum hymettium Boiss. S Heldr. nt 
COMPOS ITAE 

Achillea absinthoides Halacsy R 

Achillea aegyptiaca L. nt 
Achillea ambrosiaca (Boiss. & Heldr.) 

Boiss. nt 

Achillea barbeyana Heldr. & Heimerl R 

Achillea taygetea Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Anthemis abrotanifolia (Willd. ) Guss. R 

Anthemis ammanthus Greuter nt 

Anthemis brachmannii Boiss. & Heldr. K 
Anthemis filicaulis {Boiss. & Heldr.) 

Greuter R 



GREECE 



- 206 - 



COMPOS ITAE 

Anthemis flexicaulis Rech.f. nt 

Anthemis glaberrima (Rech.f.) Greater E 

Anthemis panachaica Halacsy R 

Anthemis pindicola Heldr. ex Halacsy R 

Anthemis rhodensis Boiss. I 

Anthemis scopulorum Rech.f. nt 

Anthemis sibthorpii Griseb. R 

Anthemis spruneri Boiss. S Heldr. K 

Anthemis tomentella Greuter nt 

Anthemis werneri Stoy. S Acht. I 

Aster creticus (Gandoger) Rech.f. nt 

Bellis longifolia Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Carduus thessalus Boiss. S Heldr. K 

Carlina diae (Rech.f.) Meusel & Kastner V 
Carlina sitiensis Rech.f. r 

Carlina tragacanthifolia Klatt nt 

Carthamus leucocaulos Sibth. & Smith nt 

Centaurea achaia Boiss- & Heldr. R 

Centaurea aetolica Phitos S Georg. K 

Centaurea albanica Halacsy nt 

Centaurea argentea L. nt 

Centaurea attica Nyman nt 

Centaurea baldaccii Degen ex Baldacci V 

Centaurea chalcidicaea Hayek r 

Centaurea charrelii Halacsy S. Doerfler K 
Centaurea chrysocephala Phitos & 

Georgiadis r 

Centaurea cytherea Rech.f. r 

Centaurea ebenoides Heldr. ex S.Moore R 

Centaurea graeca Griseb. nt 

Centaurea heldreichii Halacsy E 

Centaurea huljakii Wagner r 

Centaurea idaea Boiss. S Heldr. nt 

Centaurea ipsaria Stoy. & Kit. R 

Centaurea kalambakensis Freyn & Sint. E 

Centaurea laconica Boiss. R 

Centaurea lactiflora Halacsy E 

Centaurea lactucifolia Boiss. R 

Centaurea laureotica Heldr. ex Halacsy R 

Centaurea litochorea Georgiadis & Phitos R 

Centaurea megarensis Halacsy & Hayek E 

Centaurea musakii Georgiadis I 

Centaurea musarum Boiss. S Orph. R 

Centaurea nicopolitana Bomm. R 

Centaurea niederi Heldr. E 

Centaurea oliveriana DC. r 
Centaurea orphanidea Heldr. s Sart. ex 

Boiss. nt 

Centaurea ossaea Halacsy I 

Centaurea pangaea Greuter & Papanic. R 

Centaurea parnonia Halacsy I 

Centaurea pawlowskii Phitos & Damboldt R 

Centaurea paxorum Phitos & Georgiadis R 

Centaurea pelia DC. nt 

Centaurea peucedanifolia Boiss. & Orph. E 

Centaurea poculatoris Greuter V 



GREECE 



- 207 - 



COMPOS IT AE 

Centaurea prespana Rech.f. R 

Centaurea princeps Boiss. & Heldr. E 

Centaurea pseudocadmea Wagenitz I 

Centaurea psilacantha Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Centaurea ptarmicifolia Halacsy ex Hayek R 

Centaurea raphanina Sibth. & Smith nt 

Centaurea rechingeri Phitos R 

Centaurea redempta Heldr. R 

Centaurea sibthorpii Halacsy K 

Centaurea subciliaris Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Centaurea subsericans Halacsy I 

Centaurea transiens Halacsy R 

Centaurea triamularia Alden R 

Centaurea tuntasia Heldr. ex Halacsy R 

Centaurea vlachorum Hartvig K 

Centaurea xylobasis Rech.f. R 

Chondrilla ramosissima Sibth. & Smith nt 

Cirsium epiroticum Petrak R 

Cirsium heldreichii Halacsy K 

Cirsium hypopsilxim Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Cirsium mairei Halacsy R 

Cirsium morinifolium Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Crepis athoa Boiss. R 

Crepis auriculifolia Sieber ex Sprengel R 

Crepis cretica Boiss. nt 

Crepis crocifolia Boiss. & Heldr. E 

Crepis guioliana Babe. R 

Crepis heldreichiana (Kuntze) Greuter R 

Crepis hellenica Kamari nt 

Crepis incana Sibth. S Smith nt 

Crepis pawlowskii Strid R 

Crepis sibthorpiana Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Crepis tybakiensis Vierh . R 

Echinops graecus Miller nt 

Evax perpusilla Boiss. S Heldr. K 

Filago cretensis Gandoger nt 

Helichrysum amorginum Boiss. & Orph. R 

Helichrysum doerfleri Rech.f. R 

Helichrysum heldreichii Boiss. R 

Helichrysum sibthorpii Rouy V 

Hymenonema graecum (L. ) DC. nt 

Hymenonema laconicum Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Hypochoeris tenuiflora (Boiss.) Boiss. R 

Inula Candida (L. ) Cass. nt 

Inula oxylepis Hausskn. R 

Inula pseudolimonella (Rech.f.) Rech.f. R 

Inula rotundifolia (Halacsy) Greuter R 

Inula serpentinica Rech.f. & Goulimy R 

Inula subfloccosa Rech.f. R 

Lamyropsis carpini Greuter R 

Leontodon hellenicus Phitos K 
Matricaria tempskyana (Freyn & Sint. ) 

Rauschert nt 
Onopordum laconicum Heldr. & Sart. ex 

Rouy nt 

Onopordum majoris Beauverd I 



GREECE 



- 208 - 



COMPOS ITAE 

Onopordum messeniacum Halacsy K 

Onopordum rhodense Boiss. ex Rech.f. I 

Phagnalon pygmaeum (Sieber) Greuter nt 

Scorzonera cretica Willd. nt 

Scorzonera crocifolia Sibth. S Smith nt 

Scorzonera idaea (Gandoger) Lipsch. R 

Scorzonera rhodantha Hausskn. R 
Scorzonera scyria M.Gustafsson & 

Snogerup R 

Scorzonera serpentinica Rech.f. R 

Senecio eubaeus Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Senecio fruticulosus Sibth. S Smith R 

Senecio gnaphalodes Sieber R 

Staehelina fruticosa (L. ) L. R 
Staehelina petiolata (L.) Hilliard & 

B.L.Burtt nt 

Tragopogon lassithicus Rech.f. R 
Wagenitzia laijcifolia (Sieber ex 

Sprengel ) Dostal V 

CONVOLVULACEAE 

Convolvulus argyrothamnos Greuter E 

Cuscuta atrans Feinbrun I 

CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum creticum Boiss. nt 

Sedvun hierapetrae Rech.f. V 

Sedum tristriatum Boiss. nt 

Sedum tymphaeum Quezel & Contandr. R 

Sempervivum ballsii Wale R 

CRUCIFERAE 

Aethionema orbiculatum (Boiss. ) Hayek R 

Aethionema retsina Phitos & Snogerup R 

Alyssoides cretica (L. ) Medik. nt 

Alyssum densistellatum T.R.Dudley R 

Alyssum euboeum Halacsy R 

Alyssum fallacinum Hausskn. R 

Alyssum fragillimum (Baldacci) Rech.f. R 

Alyssum handelii Hayek nt 

Alyssum heldreichii Hausskn. R 

Alyssum idaeum Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Alyssum lassiticum Halacsy R 

Alyssum lesbiacum (Candargy) Rech.f. R 

Alyssum sphacioticum Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Alyssum taygeteum Heldr. R 

Alyssum tenium Halacsy R 

Arabis cretica Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Arabis olympica Stoy. & lordanov nt 

Aubrieta erubescens Griseb. R 

Aubrieta scyria Halacsy R 

Aubrieta thessala Boissieu R 

Barbarea conferta Boiss. & Heldr. R 
Bornmuellera tymphaea (Hausskn.) 

Hausskn . nt 

Brassica cadmea Heldr. ex O.E.Schulz R 

Draba cretica Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Draba lacaitae Boiss. nt 

Erysimum calycinum Griseb. K 



GREECE 



- 209 - 



CRUCIFERAE 

Erysimum candicum Snogerup R 

Erysimum corinthium (Boiss.) Wettst. nt 

Erysimum creticum Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Erysimum mutabile Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Erysimum naxense Snogerup R 

Erysimum olympicum Boiss. R 

Erysimum pectinatum Bory & Chaubard nt 

Erysimum raulinii Boiss. nt 

Erysimum rechingeri S.Javorka I 
Erysimum senoneri (Heldr. & Sart. ) 

Wettst. nt 
Fibigia lunarioides (Willd. ) Sibth. & 

Smith K 

Hesperis rechingeri Dvorak R 

Hesperis verroiana Dvorak R 

Iberis arbuscula Runemark E 

Isatis athoa Boiss. R 

Malcolmia macrocalyx (Halacsy) Rech.f. nt 

Peltaria emarginata (Boiss.) Hausskn. nt 
Rhynchosinapis nivalis (Boiss. & Heldr.) 

Heywood R 

Ricotia cretica Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Ricotia isatoides (Barbey) B.L.Burtt R 

Rorippa icarica Rech.f. R 

Thlaspi bulbosum Spruner ex Boiss. R 

Thlaspi epirotum Halacsy R 

Thlaspi graecum Jordan nt 

CYPERACEAE 

Carex cretica Gradstein & Kern R 

DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia magnifica Boiss. S Orph. nt 

Scabiosa allDocincta Greuter R 

Scabiosa hymettia Boiss. S Spruner nt 

Scabiosa minoana (P.H.Davis) Greuter R 
Scabiosa sphaciotica Roemer & 

J.A.Schultes nt 

EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia anthula Lavrentiades S 

Papani c . K 

Euphorbia deflexa Sibth. & Smith nt 

Euphorbia orphan idis Boiss. R 

Euphorbia rechingeri Greuter R 

FAGACEAE 

Quercus euboica Papocioannou R 

GENTIANACEAE 

Centaurium limoniiforme Greuter R 

GERANIACEAE 

Erodium chrysanthxim L'Herit. ex DC. V 

Geranium humbertii Beauverd E 

GESNERIACEAE 

Jankaea heldreichii (Boiss.) Boiss. V 

GRAMINEAE 

Avenula aetolica (Rech.f.) Holub K 
Avenula cycladum (Rech.f. S J.Scheffer) 

Greuter nt 

Avenula peloponnesiaca Holub K 

Bromus pindicus Hausskn. K 
Festuca grandiaristata 

Markgraf-Dannenberg R 



GREECE 



- 210 - 



GRAMINEAE 

Festuca macedonica Vetter R 

Festuca olympica Vetter R 

Festuca oviniformis Vetter R 
Festuca pindica (M.-D. ) 

Markgraf-Dannenberg nt 

Festuca polita (Halacsy) Tzvelev nt 

Festuca pseudosupina Vetter R 

Melica rectiflora Boiss. & Heldr. nt 
Poa trichophylla Heldr. & Sart. ex 

Boiss. R 

Sesleria doerfleri Hayek R 

Sesleria taygetea Hayek R 

Sesleria vaginalis Boiss. & Orph. K 

Stipa endotricha Martinovsky K 

Stipa rechingeri Martinovsky R 

Trisetvun laconicuin Boiss. S Orph. K 
HYPER ICACEAE 

Hypericum aciferum (Greuter) 

N.K.B.Robson E 

Hypericvun amblycalyx Coust. S Gandoger R 

Hypericum athoum Boiss. & Orph. R 

Hypericum cuisinii Barbey nt 

Hypericum delphicum Boiss. & Heldr. R 
Hypericiun fragile Heldr. & Sart. ex 

Boiss. R 

Hypericum jovis Greuter V 

Hypericum kelleri Baldacci R 

Hypericiom taygeteum Quezel & Contandr. R 

Hypericum trichocaulon Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Hypericum vesiculosum Griseb. nt 
IRIDACEAE 

Crocus boryi Gay nt 

Crocus cartwrightianus Herbert nt 

Crocus goulimyi Turrill R 

Crocus hadriaticus Herbert nt 

Crocus laevigatus Bory & Chaubard nt 

Crocus niveus Bowles nt 

Crocus oreocreticus B.L.Burtt R 

Crocus robertianus C.D.Brickell V 

Crocus tournefortii Gay nt 
LABIATAE 

Calamintha cretica (L. ) Lam. R 

Marrubium thessalum Boiss. S Heldr. nt 

Marrubium velutinum Sibth. & Smith nt 

Micromeria acropolitana Halacsy R 
Micromeria hispida Boiss. & Heldr. ex 

Benth. R 
Micromeria sphaciotica Boiss. & Heldr. 

ex Benth. nt 

Micromeria tapeinantha Rech.f. R 

Micromeria taygetea P.H.Davis E 

Nepeta camphorata Boiss. S Heldr. R 
Nepeta dirphya (Boiss.) Heldr. ex 

Halacsy V 

Nepeta heldreichii Halacsy R 

Nepeta melissifolia Lam. nt 



GREECE 



211 



LABIATAE 

Nepeta scordotis L. R 

Nepeta sibthorpii Benth. nt 

Nepeta sphaciotica P.H.Davis E 

Origanum calcaratum Juss. R 

Origanum dictamnus L. V 

Origanum microphyllum (Benth. ) Boiss. nt 

Origanum scabrum Boiss. & Heldr. V 

Origanum vetteri Briq. & Barbey R 

Phlomis cretica C.Presl nt 

Phlomis lanata Willd. nt 

Phlomis pichleri Vierh. R 

Prunella cretensis Gandoger R 

Salvia eichlerana Heldr. ex Halacsy K 

Salvia teddii Turrill K 

Satureja athoa K.Maly K 
Satureja parnassica Heldr. & Sart. ex 

Boiss. nt 

Satureja spinosa L. nt 
Scutellaria geraniana (Tuntas ex 

Halacsy) Rech.f. nt 

Scutellaria hirta Sibth. S Smith nt 

Scutellaria naxensis Bothmer R 

Scutellaria rupestris Boiss. S. Heldr. R' 

Scutellaria sieberi Benth. nt 
Sideritis clandestina (Bory & Chaubard) 

Hayek nt 

Sideritis syriaca L. nt 

Stachys Candida Bory & Chaubard R 

Stachys canescens Bory & Chaubard R 

Stachys chrysantha Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Stachys euboica Rech.f. R 

Stachys ionica Halacsy R 

Stachys macrotricha Rech.f. & Goulimy R 

Stachys mucronata Sieber ex Sprengel nt 

Stachys pangaea Phitos K 

Stachys parolinii Vis. R 

Stachys spinosa L. nt 

Stachys spreitzenhof eri Heldr. R 

Stachys spruneri Boiss. R 

Stachys swainsonii Benth. R 

Stachys tetragona Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Stachys virgata Bory & Chaubard R 

Teucrium alpestre Sibth. & Smith nt 

Teucrium aroanium Orph . ex Boiss. R 

Teucrium cuneifolium Sibth. St Smith R 

Teucrium f rancisci-wemeri Rech.f. V 

Teucrium gracile Barbey S Major nt 

Teucrium halacsyanum Heldr. R 

Teucrium microphyllum Desf . nt 

Thymbra calostachya (Rech.f.) Rech.f. R 

Thymus dolopicus Formanek K 

Thymus holosericeus Celak. nt 

Thymus laconicus Jalas K 

Thymus plasonii Adamovic V 



GREECE 



- 212 



LEGUMINOSAE 

Anthyllis aegaea Turrill R 

Astragalus agraniotii Orph. ex Boiss- R 

Astragalus apollineus Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Astragalus austro-aegaeus Rech.f. R 

Astragalus drupaceus Orph. ex Boiss. R 

Astragalus idaeus Bunge R 
Astragalus lacteus Heldr. & Sart. ex 

Boiss. R 

Astragalus nuimnularius Lam. R 
Chamaecytisus creticus (Boiss. & Heldr.) 

Rothm. nt 
Chamaecytisus dorycnioides (Davidoff) 

Frodin & Haywood K 

Cicer graecum Orph. ex Boiss. R 

Colutea insularis Browicz I 

Coronilla globosa Lam. nt 

Ebenus creticl L. nt 

Ebenus sibthorpii DC. R 

Genista halacsyi Heldr. R 

Genista melia Boiss. Ex 

Genista millii Heldr. ex Boiss. R 

Genista pamassica Halacsy R 

Genista sakellariadis Boiss. S Orph. R 

Lathyrus neurolobus Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Lotus aduncus (Griseb. ) Nyman R 

Medicago heyniana Greuter V 

Onobrychis aliacmonia Rech.f. Ex 

Onobrychis ebenoides Boiss. & Spruner nt 

Onobrychis sphaciotica Greuter R 

Tetragonolobus wiedemannii Boiss. Ex 

Tri folium aurantiacum Boiss. & Spruner nt 

Trifolium barbeyi Gibelli & Belli K 

Trifolium dolopivim Heldr. S Hausskn. R 

Trifolium ottonis Spruner ex Boiss. nt 

Trifolium parnassi Boiss. & Spruner nt 
Trigonella graeca (Boiss. S Spruner) 

Boiss. nt 

Trigonella rechingeri Sirj. R 

Vicia davisii Greuter I 

Vicia pinetorum Boiss. S Spruner K 
LILIACEAE 

Allium bourgeaui Rech.f. nt 

Allium calamarophilon Phitos S Tzan. K 

Allivim callimischon Link nt 

Allium circinnatum Sieber R 

Allium dilatatum Zahar. K 

Allium favosum Zahar. nt 

Allium frigidvun Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Allium gomphrenoides Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Allium heldreichii Boiss. R 

Allium hirtovaginum Candargy K 

Alliian hymettium Boiss. & Heldr. K 

Allitxm integer rimum Zahar. K 

Allium lutecium Halacsy R 

Allium macedonicum Zahar. R 

Allium pamasslcum (Boiss.) Halacsy R 



GREECE 



213 



LILIACEAE 

Allium phthioticum Boiss . & Heldr. ex 

Boiss. R 

Allium pilosiim Sibth . & Smith R 

Allium rubrovittatum Boiss. & Heldr- nt 

Allium staticiforme Sibth. & Smith nt 

Allium tardans Greuter & Zahar. nt 

Androcymbium rechingeri Greuter E 

Bellevalia brevipedicellata Turrill I 

Chionodoxa cretica Boiss. S Heldr. nt 

Chionodoxa nana J. A. & J.H. Schultes nt 

Colchicuir boissieri Orph. nt 

Colchicum cousturieri Greuter V 

Colchicum cretense Greuter nt 

Colchicum parlatoris Orph. nt 
Colchicum parnassicum Sart. Orph. S 

Heldr. ex Boiss. nt 

Colchicum psaridis Heldr. ex Halacsy nt 

Fritillaria conica Boiss. R 

Fritillaria davisii Turrill R 

Fritillaria ehrhartii Boiss. & Orph. nt 

Fritillaria epirotica Turrill ex Rix R 

Fritillaria euboeica Rix R 

Fritillaria obliqua Ker-Gawl. R 

Fritillaria rhodia Hansen R 

Fritillaria rhodocanakis Orph. ex Baker R 

Fritillaria tuntasia HelJr. ex Halacsy R 
Hyacinthella atchleyi (A.K.Jackson et 

al) Feinbrun R 

Muscari cycladicum P.H.Davis i Stuart nt 

Muscari dionysicum Rech.f. R 

Muscari spreitzenhoferi (Heldr.) Vierh. nt 

Ornithogalum atticum Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Ornithogalum brachystylmn Zahar. K 

Ornithogalum costatum Zahar. R 

Ornithogalum creticum Zahar. nt 

Ornithogalum exaratum Zahar. R 

Ornithogalum prasinantherum Zahar. nt 

Ornithogalum sphaerolobum Zahar. K 

Scilla messeniaca Boiss. I 
Strangweia spicata (Sibth. & Smith) 

Boiss. nt 

Tulipa cretica Boiss- & Heldr. nt 

Tulipa doerfleri Gandoger R 

Tulipa goulimyi Sealy S Turrill V 

Tulipa saxatilis Sieber ex Sprengel nt 

LINACEAE 

Linxom caespitosum Sibth. & Smith R 

Linum doerfleri Rech-f- R 

Linum goulimyi Rech-f- R 

Linum gyaricum Vierh- R 

Linxim leucanthum Boiss. & Spruner nt 

ORCH IDACEAE 

Cephalanthera cucullata Boiss. & Heldr. E 

Dactylorhiza kalopissii Erich Nelson R 

Ophrys aesculapii Renz R 

Ophrys argolica Fleischm. R 



GREECE 



- 2J4 - 



ORCH IDACEAE 

Ophrys cretica (Vierh.) E.Nelson nt 

Ophrys gottf riediana Renz R 
Ophrys sphegodes Mill. ssp. helenae 

(Renz) D.M.Moore R 

Orchis boryi Reichenb.f. K 
Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex Koch ssp. 

nitidifolia (Teschner) Soo V 
OROBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche rechingeri Gilli K 
PAEONIACEAE 

Paeonia clusii Stern ssp. clusii nt 
Paeonia clusii Stern ssp. rhodia 

(Stearn) Tzanoudakis V 
Paeonia mascula (L. ) Miller ssp. 

hellenica Tzanoudakis K 
Paeonia mascula (L. ) Miller ssp. icarica 

Tzanoudakis K 

Paeonia parna^sica Tzanoudakis V 
PALMAE 

Phoenix theophrasti Greuter V 
PAPAVERACEAE 

Corydalis thasia (Stoy. S Kit.) Stoy. & 

Kit. R 

Papaver nigrotinctum Fedde R 

Papaver stipitatum Fedde I 
PLUMBA GIN ACEAE 

Armeria sancta Janka R 

Goniolimon heldreichii Halacsy R 

Goniolimon sartorii Boiss. R 

Limonium carpathum (Rech.f.) Rech.f. R 

Limonium damboldtianum Phitos & Artelari K 

Limonium frederici (Barbey) Rech.f. R 
POLYGALACEAE 

Polygala crista-galli Chodat nt 

Polygala helenae Greuter V 

Polygala subuniflora Boiss. & Heldr. K 
POLYGONACEAE 

Polygonum icaricum Rech.f. R 

Polygonum idaeum Hayek nt 
PRIMULACEAE 

Cyclamen creticum Hildebr. nt 

Cyclamen rhodium R.Gorer I 

Lysimachia serpyllifolia Schreber nt 

Soldanella pindicola Hausskn. R 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Clematis elisabethae-carolae Greuter V 

Consolida samia P.H.Davis E 
Consolida tenuissima (Sibth. & Smith) 

Soo nt 

Consolida tuntasiana (Halacsy) Soo I 

Delphinivim hellenicum Pawl. K 
Delphinium hirschfeldianum Heldr. & 

Holzm. I 

Nigella carpatha Strid R 

Nigella degenii Vierh. nt 

Nigella doerfleri Vierh. nt 



GREECE 



215 



RANUNCULACEAE 

Nigella icarica Strid R 

Nigella striata Strid R 

Ranunculus creticus L. R 

Ranunculus cupreus Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Ranunculus miliarakesii Halacsy R 

Ranunculus millii Boiss. & Heldr. R 
Ranunculus subhomophyllus (Halacsy) 

Vierh. R 

Ranunculus thasius Halacsy R 
RESEDACEAE 

Reseda tymphaea Hausskn. R 
PJIAMNACEAE 

Rhamnus prunifolius Sibth. & Smith nt 
Rhamnus sibthorpianus Roemer & 

J.A.Schultes nt 
ROSACEAE 

Crataegus aegeica Pojark. R 

Crataegus pycnoloba Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Potentilla deorum Boiss. S Heldr. nt 

Potentilla goulandrii Rech.f. R 

Potentilla kionaea Halacsy nt 

Sanguisorba cretica Hayek R 
RUBIACEAE 

Asperula abbreviata (Halacsy) Rech.f. R 

Asperula arcadiensis Sims nt 

Asperula baenitzii Heldr. ex Boiss. R 

Asperula boissieri Heldr. ex Boiss. nt 

Asperula boryana (Walp.) Ehrendorfer nt 

Asperula coa Rech.f. I 

Asperula idaea Halacsy nt 

Asperula incana Sibth. & Smith nt 

Asperula lutea Sibth. S Smith K 

Asperula muscosa Boiss. S Heldr. R 
Asperula oetaea (Boiss.) Heldr. ex 

Halacsy R 

Asperula ophiolithica Ehrendorfer I 
Asperula pulvinaris (Boiss. ) Heldr. ex 

Boiss. K 

Asperula rigida Sibth. & Smith nt 

Asperula saxicola Ehrendorfer R 

Asperula suffruticosa Boiss. & Heldr. I 

Asperula taygetea Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Asperula tournefortii Sieber ex Sprengel R 

Galium amorginum Halacsy R 

Galium capitatum Bory S Chaubard K 

Galium cyllenium Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Galium fruticosum Willd. nt 

Galium incrassatiim Halacsy I 

Galium incur vum Sibth. & Shiith nt 

Galium melanantherum Boiss. nt 

Galium monachinii Boiss. & Heldr. nt 
Galium peloponnesiacum Ehrendorfer & 

Krendl nt 

Galium reiseri Halacsy R 

Galium thasium Stoy. & Kit. R 

Galium thymifolivun Boiss- S Heldr. nt 



GREECE 



216 



SANTALACEAE 

Thesium coarctif lorum Hendrych R 

Thesiuin vlachorum Alden K 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Chaenorhinum idaeum Rech.f. R 
Digitalis leucophaea Smith ssp. 

leucophaea R 
Digitalis leucophaea Smith ssp. ikarica 

P.H.Davis K 

Linaria hellenica Turrill E 

Melampyrian ciliatum Boiss. S Heldr. V 
Odontites linkii Heldr. & Sart. ex 

Boiss. nt 

Rhinanthus pindicus (Sterneck) Soo R 
Rhinanthus pubescens (Sterneck) Boiss. 

et al ex Soo nt 
Scrophularia spinulescens Degen & 

Hausskn. f 1 

Scrophularia taygetea Boiss . R 
Verbascxjm acaule (Bory & Chaubard) 

Kuntze R 

Verbascum adeliae Heldr. ex Boiss. R 

Verbascum arcturus L. nt 
Verbascum boissieri (Heldr. et al) 

Kuntze nt 

Verbascum botuliforme Murb. R 

Verbasciom cylindrocarpum Griseb. I 
Verbascum cylleneum (Boiss. & Heldr.) 

Kuntze E 
Verbascum daenzeri (Fauche & Chaubard) 

Kuntze nt 

Verbascum delphicum Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Verbascum epixanthinum Boiss. & Heldr. nt 

Verbascum euboicvim Murb. & Rech.f. R 
Verbascum halacsyanum Sint. S Borran. ex 

Halacsy K 

Verbascum ikaricum Murb. R 

Verbascum pelium Halacsy R 

Verbascum pentelicvim Murb. R 

Verbascum reiseri Halacsy R 
Verbasciom spathulisepaliim Greuter & 

Rech.f. I 

Verbascxjm spinosum L. nt 

Verbascum syriacum Schrader V 
Verbascum zuccarinii (Boiss.) 

I.K.Ferguson K 

Veronica erinoides Boiss. S Spruner nt 

Veronica oetaea L.-A.Gustavsson E 

Veronica thymifolia Sibth. & Smith nt 
SELAGINACEAE 

Globularia stygia Orph. ex Boiss. E 
ULMACEAE 

Zelkova cretica (Smith) Spach V 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Bupleurum aira Snogerup R 

Bupleurum capillare Boiss. & Heldr. E 

Bupleurum kakiskalae Greuter E 



GREEcr: 



- 217 - 



UMBELLIFERAE 

Chaerophyllum creticum Boiss. & Heldr. R 
Chaerophyllum heldreichii Orph. ex 

Boiss. R 

Daucus conchitae Greuter R 

Eryngium amorginum Rech.f. R 

Eryngium ternatum Poiret R 

Ferulago sartorii Boiss. R 

Ferulago serpentinica Rech.f. R 
Ferulago thyrsiflora (Sibth. & Smith) 

Koch R 

Geocaryum bornmuelleri (Wolff) Engstr. Be 
Geocaryum creticum (Boiss. & Heldr.) 

Engstr. nt 
Geocaryum divaricatum (Boiss. & Orph.) 

Engstr. Ex 

Geocaryum euboicxan (Rech.f.) Engstr. R 
Geocaryum parnassicum (Boiss. S Heldr.) 

Engstr. nt 

Geocaryum peloponesiacum Engstr. nt 

Geocaryum pindicola (Hausskn. ) Engstr. nt 

Geocaryvmj pumilum (Sibth. S Smith) Nyman nt 
Heptaptera colladonioides Margot & 

Reuter nt 

Johrenia distans (Griseb. ) Halacsy K 
Laserpitium pseudomeum Orph. et al ex 

Boiss. nt 

Ligusticum olympicum Novak R 

Peucedanum achaicum Halacsy R 
Pimpinella pretenderis (Heldr.) Orph. ex 

Halacsy R 
Pimpinella rigidula (Boiss. & Orph.) 

H.Wolff K 

Scaligeria halophila (Rech.f.) Rech.f. R 

Scaligeria moreana Engstrand R 
Sclerochorton junceum (Sibth. S Smith) 

Boiss. nt 

Seseli parnassicum Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Tordylium hirtocarpum Candargy K 
Trinia guicciardii (Boiss. & Heldr.) 

Drude nt 
VRLERIANACEAE 

Valeriana asarifolia Dufr. nt 

Valeriana olenaea Boiss. & Heldr. R 

Valeriana phitosiana Quezel & Contandr. R 
VIOLACEAE 

Viola athois W.Becker V 

Viola cretica Boiss. S Heldr. R 

Viola fragrans Sieber nt 

Viola mercurii Orph. ex Halacsy nt 

Viola poetica Boiss. & Spruner nt 
Viola stris-notata (J.Wagner) Merxm. & 

Lippert R 



GREECE 



218 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium aegaeum Lovis & al. 
Asplenium bourgaei Milde 
PT ERICACEAE 

Pteris dentata Forssk. 
THELYPTERIDACEAE 

Christella dentata (Forssk.) Brovmsey & 
Jermy 



R- 

Rv. 



R 
R 



GYMNOSPERMAE 
CUPRESSACEAE 

Juniperus drupacea Labill. 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALTINGIACEAE 

Liquidambar orientalis Miller 
AMARYLL IDACEAE 

Galanthus cilicicus Baker 
APOCYNACEAE 

Rhazya orientalis (Decaisne) AtDC. 
ARI STOLOCHI ACEAE 

Aristolochia bodamae Dingier 
BERBERIDACEAE 

Gymnospennium altaicum (Pallas) Spach 
BORAGINACEAE 

Alkanna primulifolia Griseb. 

Anchusa aggregata Lehm. 

Anchusa serpentinicola Rech.f. 

fbcrotomia densi flora (Ledeb. ex 
Nordmann) Macbride 

Mattiastrum lithospermifolium (Lam.) 
A. Brand 

Qnphalodes luciliae Boiss. 

Onosma rhodopea Velen. 

Solenanthus albanicus (Degen et al) 
Degen & Baldacci 

Solenanthus stamineus (Desf.) Wettst. 
CALLITRICHACEAE 

Callitriche pulchra Schotsman 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula delicatula Boiss. 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Agrostemma gracilis Boiss. 

Arena ria luschanii McNeill 

Arenaria oxypetala Sibth. & Smith 

Arenaria saponarioides Boiss. & Balansa 

Dianthus arpadianus Ade & Bornm. 

Dianthus cinnamomeus Sibth. & Smith 

Dianthus myrtinervius Griseb. 

Herniaria micrantha A.K.Jackson & 
Turrill 

Minuartia saxifraga (Frivald.) Graebner 



R 

E 



R 

R 
V 
R 

I 

R 
V 
R 



R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


E 


V 


E 


E 


V 


V 


R 


R 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


I' 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 



GREECE 



219 - 



CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Minuartia stojanovii (Kit. ) Kozuharov & 

Kuzmanov Rv V 

Paronychia carica Chaudhri R^- R 

Saponaria chlorifolia Kunze V V 

Silene aegyptiaca (L. ) L.f . Ex •.»" Ex 

Silene echinospermoides Huber-Mor. R. • R 

Silene falcata Sibth. & Smith R'- R 

Silene leptoclada Boiss. R. R 

Silene macrodonta Boiss- R- R 

Silene schwarzenbergeri Halacsy R R 

Silene spergulifolia (Willd. ) M.Bieb. R R 
Silene squamigera Boiss. R R 

Silene urvillei Schott R- R 

CHENOPODIACEAE 

Noaea mucronata (Forssk.) Aschers. S 

Schweinf. R- R 

CISTACEAE 

Cistus albanicus E.F.Warb. ex Heywood R R 
Fumana paphlagonica Bornm. & Janchen R^ R 
Helianthemiun stipulatum (Forssk. ) 

Christensen V^ V 

COMPOS ITAE 

Anthemis meteorica Hausskn. 
Centaurea aegialophila Wagenitz 
Centaurea amplifolia Boiss. S Heldr. 
Centaurea grbavacensis (Rohl.) Stoy. & 

Acht. 
Centaurea iniinanuelis-loewii Degen 
Centaurea pumilio L. 
Centaurea spruneri Boiss. & Heldr. 
Chlamydophora tridentata (Delile) 

Ehrenb. ex Less. 
Crepis baldaccii Halacsy 
Crepis pusilla (Sommier) Merxm. 
Filago eriosphaera (B. & H. ) Chrtek & 

Holub 
Jurinea taygetea Halacsy 
Lamyropsis cynaroides (Lam. ) Dittrich 
Matricaria macrotis Rech.f. 
Scorzonera doria Degen S Baldacci 
CONVOLVULACEAE 

Convolvulus coelosyriacus Boiss. 
Convolvulus libanoticus Boiss. 
Ipomoea stolonifera (Cyr.) J.F.Gmelin 
CRASSULACEAE 

Rosularia globulariifolia (Fenzl) 

A.Berger 
Sedum serpentini Janchen 
Semper vivum ciliosum Craib 
Sempervivum kindingeri Adamovic 
CRUCIFERAE 

Aethionema cordatum (Desf.) Boiss. 
Aethionema polygaloides DC. 
Alyssum doerfleri Degen 
Alyssum nebrodense Tineo 
Alyssum smolikanum Nyar. 



R- R 

V V 

I 

R R 

I I 

V V 
R- R 

Rv R 

R- R 

R R 

R- R 

R V 

R R 

I^ I 

R. R 

Rv R 

R R 

V V 

R^ R 

R R 

R> R 

R R 

Vu V 

R R 

R R 

R R 

R' R 



GREECE 



110 - 



CRUCIFERAE 

Arabis subflava B.M. G.Jones R " R 

Barbarea sicula C.Presl ^^ V 

Draba bruniifolia Steven R'' R 
Drabopsis nuda (Belanger ex Boiss. ) 

Stapf R - R 

Erysimum rhodium Snogerup R... R 

Hesperis theophrasti Borbas R, R 
Hymenolobus procumbens (L. ) Nutt. ex 

Torrey & A.Gray I- I 

Isatis lusitanica L. V ^ V 

Ricotia camosula Boiss. S Heldr. R^ R 

DATISCACEAE 

Datisca cannabina L. ^ l,- V 

DIPSACACEAE 

Pterocephalus brevis Coulter V^. V 

Pterocephalu^ pinardii Boiss. R-^ R 

Scabiosa epirota Halacsy & Baldacci R^ R 

Scabiosa polykratis Rech.f. R^ R 

Scabiosa variifolia Boiss. R^ R 

ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. K i^ I 

EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia hierosolymitana Boiss. £•" E 

GERANIACEAE 

Biebersteinia orphanidis" Boiss. ISc v Ex 

Erodium guicciardii Heldr. ex Boiss. R R 

Erodium hirtum (Forssk. ) Willd. R^. R 

Erodium sibthorpianum Boiss. R,, R 

GB5NERIACEAE 

Ramonda serbica Panfiifi V>. R 

GRAMINEAE 

Aegilops umbellulata Zhuk. R R 

Antinoria insularis Pari. I ^ V 

Cornucopiae cucullatiom L. R V 
Crithopsis delileana ( J.A.Schultes) 

Roshev. R^ R 

Cutandia stenostachya (Boiss.) Stace R- R 

Poa pirinica Stoy. & Acht. R' R 

IRIDACEAE 

Crocus olivieri Gay ssp. balansae (Gay 

ex Baker) Mathew R R 

Romulea tempskyana Freyn R - R 

LABIATAE 

Ajuga bombycina Boiss. R R 
Ballota glandulosissima Huber-Morath & 

Patzak R R 

Moluccella spinosa L. E^, R 

Phlomis bourgaei Boiss. R R 

Phlomis floccosa D.Don R R 

Sideritis perfoliata L. R R 

Stachys decumbens Pers. R- R 

Stachys tournefortii Poiret R R 

Teucrium montbretii Benth. R R 



GREECE 



221 - 



LEGUMINOSAE 

Alhagi graecorum Boiss • 

Jtetragalus baldaccii Degen 

Astragalus peregrinus Vahl 

Astragalus ptilodes Boiss. 

Hammatolobium lotoides Fenzl 

Lotus macrotrichus Boiss. 

Ononis verae Sir j . 

Oxytropis purpurea (Baldacci) Markgraf 

Pisum fulvTiin Sibth. & Smith 

Trigonella carica Huber-Morath 

Trigonella strangulata Boiss. 

Trigonella velutina Boiss. 
LILIACEAE 

Allium junceum Sibth. & Smith 

Allium longanum Pampan. 

Allium obtusiflorum DC. 

Allium olympicum Boiss. 

Allium sipyleum Boiss- 

Colchicum stevenii Kunth 

Fritillaria carica Rix 

Fritillaria drenovskii Degen & Stoy. 

Fritillaria elwesii Boiss. 

Fritillaria gussichiae (Degen & 
Doerfler) Rix 

Fritillaria pinardii Boiss. 

Fritillaria pineticola O.Schwarz 

Lilium rhodopaeum Delip. 

Muscari macrocarpum Sweet 

Narthecium scardicum Kosanin 

Tulipa undulatifolia Boiss. 
LINACEAE 

Linum aroanium Boiss. & Orph. 
ORCHID ACE AE 

Cephalanthera epipactoides Fischer s 
C.A.Meyer 

Comperia comperiana (Steven) Aschers. S 
Graebner 

Qphrys reinholdii Spruner ex Fleischm. 
PAPAVERACEAE 

Corydalis integra Barbey & Major 

Corydalis rutifolia (Sibth. & Smith) DC. 
PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria cariensis Boiss. 
POLYGONACEAE 

Polygonum praelongum Coode & Cullen 

Rumex vesicarius L. 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Adonis cyllenea Boiss. Heldr. & Orph. 

Aquilegia amaliae Heldr. ex Boiss. 

Aquilegia ottonis Orph. ex Boiss. 

Delphinixim albiflorum DC. 

Garidella nigellastrum L. 
Garidella unguicularis lam. 

Helleborus orientalis Lam. 

Nigella fumariif olia Kotschy 
Ranunculus cacuminis Strid & PapaSiC 



I . 


I 


R. 


R 


I^ 


I 


R-' 


R 


R, 


R 


R, 


R 


I 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R- 


R 


R-^ 


R 


R' 


R 


R- 


R 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


R< 


R 


R 


R 


R- 


R 


R'' 


R 


R- 


R 


R- 


R 


R- 


R 


R- 


R 


K 


R 


R 


R 


V, 


V 


V. 


V 



R- 



E 
I, 

R 
R 



V 
Ex 

V 
R 
R 
R 
V 
V 
R 
R 
V 



V 

I 



R 

R 



V 
Ex 

V 
R 
V 
R 
V 
V 
R 
R 
V 



GREECE 



- 222 - 



RANUNCULACEAE 

Ranunculus ficarioides Bory & Chaubard 

Ranunculus fontanus C.Presl 

Ranunculus reuteranus Boiss. 

Thalictrum orientale Boiss. 
ROSACEAE 

Cotoneaster nummularia Fischer S C.A. 
Meyer 

Malus florentina (Zuccagni) 
C.K.Schneider 

Malus trilobata (Labill.) C.K.Schneider 

Spiraea crenata L. 
RUBIACEAE 

Asperula suberosa Sibth . & Smith 

Crucianella macrostachya Boiss. 

Galium asparagifolium Boiss. S Heldr. 

Galium degenii Baldacci ex Degen 

Galium di:^osum Boiss. 

Galium recurvum Req. ex DC. 
RUTACEAE 

Haplophyllum balcanicum Vandas 
SANTALACEAE 

Thesivun brachyphyllum Boiss. 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

lathraea rhodopea Dingier 

Melampyrum heracleoticum Boiss. S Orph. 

Pedicularis limnogena A.Kerner 

Scrophularia myriophylla Boiss. & Heldr. 

Scrophularia pinardii Boiss. 

Siphonostegia syriaca (Boiss. S Reuter) 
Boiss. 

Verbascvim adenanthum Bornm. 

Verbascum levanticum I.K.Ferguson 

Verbascum mykales Bornm. 

Verbascum propontideum Murb. 

Verbascum symes Murb. & Rech.f. 

Veronica aznavourii Doerfler 

Veronica bommuelleri Hausskn. 

Veronica stamatiadae M.A.Fischer & 
Greuter 
THYMELAEACEAE 

Daphne jasminea Sibth. & Smith 
TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Athamanta densa Boiss. S Orph. 

Eryngium falcatum Delaroche 

Ferulago asparagifolia Boiss. 

Oenanthe tenuifolia Boiss. & Orph. 

Peucedanum alpinum (Schultes) B.L.Burtt 
S al 

Seseli gviimniferum Pallas ex Smith 

Tordylium pestalozzae Boiss. 
VALERIANACEAE 

Valeriana alliarlifolia Adams 

Valeriana bertiscea PanfiiC 

Valeriana crinii Orph. ex Boiss. 



R 
R 
R 
R 



R 
R 



R 
R 
I 
R 
R 
R 

R 

R 

R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



R 
R 
V 
R 

R 
R 
R 

R 
R 
R 



R 
V 
R 
R 



R 
R 
V 

R 
R 

I 
R 
R 
R 

R 

R 

R 
R 
R 
R 

R 

R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



R 

V 

R 
R 
V 
R 

R 
R 
R 

R 
R 
R 



GREECE 



- 223 - 



VIOLACEAE 

Viola brachyphylla W.Becker 
Viola delphinantha Boiss. 
Viola eximia Formanek 
Viola heldreichiana Boiss. 
Viola perinensis W.Becker 
Viola scorpiuroides Coss. 
Viola stojanowii W.Becker 

ZYGOPHYLLACEAE 

Zygophyllum album L.f. 



R 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



R 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



^Chr\ ' ^v-ic^vv-w c C . C oJS" . 



1/ 



6A- 
0^ 



P..o9i 



3- 



GREECE 



22A - 

HUNGARY 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 



V 



ASCLEPIADACEAE 

Vincetoxiciom pannonicum (Borhidi ) Holub 
CARYOP HYLLACEAE 

Dianthus diutinus Kit. 
COMPOS IT AE 

Achillea horanszkyi Ujhelyi 
CRUCIFEPAE 

Erysimum pallidiflorum Szepligeti 

Hesperis vrabelyiana (Schur) Borbas V 

Thlaspi schudichii (So6) Soo V 

LINACEAE 

Linum dolomiticviin Borbas V 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Pulsatilla hungarica Soo V 

Pulsatilla zimmermannii Soo V 

ROSACEAE 

Pyrus magyarica Terpo I 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Seseli leucospermum Waldst. & Kit. V 

NON -ENDEMIC TAXA COUNTRY REGIONAL 

CATEGORY CATEGORY 

PTERIDOPHYTA 
LYCOPODIACEAE 

Diphasium issleri (Rouy) Holub V^ V 

MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. R*' V 

OPH lOGLOS S ACEAE 

Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 

Koch V. V 

Botrychiiim multifid\jm (S.G.Gtaelin ) Rupr. V^ V 

Botrychium virginianum (L. ) Swartz R^ V 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

ALISMATACEAE 

Caldesia pamassifolia (L. ) Pari. E- V 

BORAGINACEAE 

Myosotis stenophylla Knaf V.. V 

Onosma tornensis S.Javorka V^ V 

CHENOPODIACEAE 

Corispermum canescens Kit. Rv R 

Corispermum nitidum Kit. R\. V 

COMPOS ITAE 

Achillea ochroleuca Ehrh. Rv ^ 

Centaurea sadlerana Janka R^. R 

Cirsitiin brachycephalxun Juratzka R^ V 

Cirsium furiens Griseb. & Schenk V^' V 

Ligularia sibirica (L. ) Cass. Ex v, R 

Serratula lycopifolia (Vill.) A.Kerner Vv V 

Tragopogon floccosus Waldst. & Kit. R~^ V 



HUNGARY 



- 225 



V^ 


V 


R- 


V 


«■- 


R 


V, 


V 



CRUCI FERAE 

Crambe tataria Sebeok 

Thlaspi jankae A.Kerner 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex brevicollis DC. 

Eleocharis carniolica Koch 
DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. V V 

ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. V- I 

Elatine hungarica Moesz V. V 

GRAMINEAE 

Stipa borysthenica Klokov ex Prokudin R V 

Stipa dasyphylla (Linden.) Trautv. V- V 

IRIDACEAE 

Iris hiunilis Georgi V^ V 

LAB lATAE 

Dracocephalum austriacum L. E- V 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus dasyanthus Pallas V' V 

Astragalus sulcatus L. I\^ V 

Lathyrus transsilvanicus (Sprengel) 

Fritsch V. V 

Vicia sparsiflora Ten. V-^ V 

LILIACEAE 

Allium suaveolens Jacq. V V 

Colchicum arenarium Waldst. S Kit. Ej, E 

LYTHRACEAE 

Lythrum thesioides Bieb. Ex E 

ORCH IDACEAE 

Cypripediuiti calceolus L. 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 
OROBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche caesia Reichenb. 
PLANTAGINACEAE 

Plantago schwarzenbergiana Schur. 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Pulsatilla patens (L. ) Miller 

Ranunculus polyphyllus Waldst. & Kit. ex 
Willd. 
ROSACEAE 

Spiraea crenata L. 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Lindernia procumbens (Krocker ) Philcox 
TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. 
TYPHACEAE 

Typha minima Funk 

Typha shuttleworthii Koch & Sender 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Angelica palustris (Besser) Hoffman 

Apium repens (Jacq. ) Lag. 

Ferula sadlerana Ledeb. 



V- 


V 


V, 


V 


R 


V 


R 


I 


V 


V 


R 


V 


• Ex 


V 


R. 


V 


R 


V 


E 


V 


Ex 


V 


E 


V 


E-^ 


V 


V, 


V 



HUNGARY ^ 1 ^ b ( 



- 226 - 

ICELAND 
ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Euphrasia calida Yeo R 

NON -ENDEMIC TAXA COUNTRY REGIONAL 

CATEGORY CATEGORY 

PTERIDOPHYTA 

OPH lOGLOS S ACEAE 

Botrychium lanceolatum (S.G.Qnelin) 

AngstrSm nt V 

Botrychium simplex Hitchc. R, V 

ANGIOSPERMAE ' 
CRASSULACEAE 

Crassula aguatica (L. ) Schonl. R V 

CRUCIFERAE 

Braya purpurascens (R.Br.) Bunge ? E 

PRIMUXACEAE 

Primula egaliksensis Wormsk. E E 



f ■ So V . - 1 Q c c^i 



'1 



ICELAND 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



227 - 



IRELAND 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
CRUCIFERAE 

Arabis brownii Jordan 
SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga hartii D.A.Webb 



K 

R 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 

HYMENOPHYLLACEAE 

Trichoiranes speciosum Willd. 
MARSILEACEAE 

Pilularia globulifera L. 



V , 
V 



V 
V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
CYPERACEAE 

Eriophorum gracile Koch 
GRAMINEAE 

Deschampsia setacea (Huds.) Hackel 
HYPERICACEAE 

Hypericum canadense L. 
NAJADACEAE 

Najas flexilis (Willd.) Rostk. S al 
ORCH IDACEAE 

Hammarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze 

Spiranthes romanzof fiana Cham. 
PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium paradoxum Pugsley 

Limonium transwallianum (Pugsley) 
Pugsley 



IvSosA - A/v ^..^i,-. ^ C- C j)J>' 






V 


V 


R 


V 


R 


R 


nt 


V 


R 


V 


R. 


R 


E 


E 


7 


R 



1 



' \ 



IRELAND 



- 228 



ITALY 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



PTERIDOPHYTA 



ISOETACEAE 

Isoetes malinverniana Ces- S De Not. 



I.M.Johnston 



.Brand 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ACERACEAE 

Acer lobelii Ten. 
BORAGINACEAE 

Buglossoides calabra (Ten. ) 

Cynoglossuiti magellense Ten. 

Moltkla suff ruticosa (L. ) A. 

Myosotis ambigens (Beguinot) Grau 

Onosma lucana Lacaita 

Pulmonaijia vallarsae A.Kemer 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula apennina (Podlech) Podlech 

Campanula bertolae Col la 

Campanula elatines L. 

Campanula elatinoides Moretti 

Campanula fragilis Cyr. 

Campanula isophylla Moretti 

Campanula morettiana Reichenb. 

Campanula pseudostenocodon Lacaita 

Campanula raineri Perp. 

Campanula sabatia De Not. 

Campanula tanfanii Podlech 
CAKYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria huteri A.Kemer 

(^psophila papulosa P. Porta 

Minuartia grignensis (Reichenb.) Mattf. 

Moehringia dielsiana Mattf. 

Moehringia glaucovirens Bertol. 

Moehringia markgrafii Merxm. S Guterm. 

Silene echinata Otth 

Silene elisabetha Jan 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Kochia saxicola Guss. 

Salicornia veneta Pignatti & Lausi 
CISTACEAE 

Helianthemum lunulatum (All. ) DC. 
COMPOS IT AE 

Achillea barrelieri (Ten. ) Schultz Bip. 

Anthemis hydruntina Groves 

Carduus af finis Guss. 

Centaurea centaurium L. 

Centaurea centauroides L. 

Centaurea subtilis Bertol. 

Cirsium lacaitae Petrak 

Cirsium lobelii Ten. 

Cirsimn tenoreanum Petrak 

Crepis lacera Ten. 

Senecio persoonii De Not. 

Telekia speciosissima (L. ) Less. 



nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 

R 

V 

R 

R 

E 

nt 

R 

E 

I 

R 

nt 

R 

K 

R 

E 
E 

nt 

nt 

R 

K 

K 

nt 

K 

K 

nt 

nt 

nt 

R 

R 



ITALY 



- 229 - 



CRASSULACEAE 

Sempervivxun dolomiticxim Faccini nt 

CRUCIFERAE 

Aethionema thomasianum Gay R 

Alyssum argenteum All. nt 

Arabis pedemontana Boiss . nt 

Brassica glabrescens Poldini V 

Erucastrum palustre {Pirona ) Vis. V 
lonopsidium savianum (Caruel) Ball ex 

Arcang. V 

Murbeckiella zanonii (Ball) Rothm. nt 

Rhizobotrya alpina Tausch R 

Thlaspi stylosum (Ten. ) Mutel nt 

DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia baldensis A.Kerner ex Borbas I 

Knautia gussonei Szabo K 

Knautia lucana Lacaita & Szabo R 

Knautia persicina A.Kerner I 

Scabiosa vestina Faccini ex Koch nt 

EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia gibelliana Peola R 

GENTIANACEAE 

Gentianella columnae (Ten.) Holub nt 

GERANIACEAE 

Erodium alpinum L'Herit. R 

Erodium gussonii Ten. I 

GRAMINEAE 

Festuca apuanica Markgraf-Dannenberg K 

Festuca calabrica Huter et al ex Hackel K 

Festuca inops De Not. K 

Holcus notarisii Nyman K 

Trisetum bertolonii Jonsell, in press K 

IRIDACEAE 

Crocus etruscus Pari. R 

Crocus imperati Ten. I 

Iris marsica Ricci & Colasante R 

LABIATAE 

Phlomis f erruginea Ten . K 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus aquilanus Anzalone E 

Medicago pironae Vis. R 

Tri folium brutium Ten. nt 

Vicia serinica Uechtr. & Huter R 

LILIACEAE 

Allium insubricum Boiss. & Reuter R 

Bellevalia webbiana Pari. K 

Scilla hughii Tineo ex Guss. R 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria denticulata (Bertol.) DC. nt 

Armeria macropoda Boiss. nt 

Limonium aegusae Brullo K 

Limonium calabrum Brullo K 

Limonium japygicum (Groves) Pignatti V 

Limonium multiforme (Martelli) Pignatti nt 

Limonium parvifolium (Tineo) Pignatti V 

Limonium pontium Pignatti nt 
Limonium remotispiculum (Lacaita) 

Pignatti V 



ITALY 



- 230 



PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium tenoreanum (Guss.) Pignatti 
POLYGALACEAE 

Polygala carueliana (A.W.Benn.) Burnat 

ex Camel 
Polygala flavescens DC. 
PRIMULACEAE 

Androsace mathildae Levier 
Primula apennina Widmer 
Primula glaucescens Moretti 
Primula palinuri Petagna 
Primula spectabilis Tratt. 
Primula tyrolensis Schott 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Adonis distorta Ten. 

Aquilegia thalictrif olia Schott & 

Kotschy 
Callianthemum kemeranum Freyn ex 

A.Kerner 
Ranunculus bilobus Bertol. 
Ranunculus venetus Huter ex landolt 
ROSACEAE 

Sanguisorba dodecandra Moretti 
RUBIACEAE 

Asperula calabra (Fiori ) Ehrendorfer & 

Krendl 
Asperula garganica Huter et al ex 

Ehrendorfer 
Asperula neglecta Guss . 
Galium baldense Sprengel 
Galium magellense Ten. 
Galium margaritaceum A.Kerner 
Galium montis-arerae Merxm. S 

Ehi-endorf er 
Galium palaeoitalicum Ehrendorfer 
SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga arachnoidea Sternb. 
Saxifraga berica (Beguinot) D.A.Webb 
Saxifraga depressa Sternb. 
Saxifraga facchinii Koch 
Saxifraga italica D.A.Webb 
Saxifraga porophylla Bertol. 
Saxifraga presolanensis Engl. 
Saxifraga tombeanensis Boiss. ex Engl. 
Saxifraga vandellii Sternb. 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Cymbalaria pallida (Ten.) Wettst. 

Euphrasia portae Wettst. 

Euphrasia tricuspidata L. 

Ldnaria capraria Moris & De Not. 

Linaria tonzigii Lona 

Melampyrrom italicum Soo 

Melampyrum variegatum Huter P. Porta & 

G.Rigo 
Pedicularis elegans Ten. 
Rhinanthus pampaninii Chabert 
Rhinanthus wettsteinii (Sterneck) Soo 



R 

nt 

V 
E 
R 
R 
R 
nt 

V 

R 

V 
R 
nt 



R 
R 

nt 
nt 
nt 

R 
R 

R 

V 

nt 

R 

R 

nt 

R 

V 

R 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

V 

nt 

nt 
nt 
nt 
nt 



ITALY 



231 - 



SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Verbascum argenteum Ten. 
SELAGINACEAE 

Globularia incanescens Viv. 

Globularla neapolitana O.Schwarz 
THYMELAEACEAE 

Daphne petraea Leybold 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Astrantia pauciflora Bertol. 

Athamanta cortiana Ferrarini 

Heptaptera angustifolia (Bertol. ) Tutin 

Laserpitiuin nitidum G.Zanted. 

Lereschia thomasii (Ten.) Boiss. 
VIOLACEAE 

Viola comollia Massara 

Viola duhyana Burnat ex Gremli 

Viola eugeniae Pari. 

Viola pseudogracilis Strobl 

Viola splendida W.Becker 



R 
K 



R 
V 

R 

nt 

R 

R 

R 
nt 
nt 
nt 



DOUBTFULLY ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
BORAGINACEAE 

Onosma tridentina Wettst. 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Cerastiiim lineare All. 
CRUCIFERAE 

Hesperis inodora L. 
SALICACEAE 

Salix crataegif olia Bertol. 



nt 
K 

V 

nt 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 

HYMENOPHYLLACEAE 

Trichomanes speciosum Willd. K ■. 

MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. V. 

Marsilea strigosa Willd. 

Pilularia globulifera L. E _ 

OPHIOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium lanceolatum (S.G.Qnelin) 

Angstrom V 

Botrychium matricariifolimn A.Braun ex 

Koch V. 

Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Ginelin ) Rupr. V 

Botrychium simplex Hitchc. V, 

Botrychium virginianum (L. ) Swartz K<^ 

PTERIDACEAE 

Pteris cretica L. V 

THELYPTERIDACEAE 

Christella dentata (Forssk.) Brownsey S 

Jermy E 



V 
V 
V 



V 
V 
V 
V 



ITALY 



- 232 - 





V 
V 


'k- 


V 


E 


V 


Iv 


I 


E .. 


E 


E 


V 


V, 


V 


Rv 


R 


Vt 


V 


v>. 


V 


Eu 


V 


< 


R 


' R- 


R 


R- 


R 




R 

E 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

ALISMATACEAE 

Caldesia parnassifolia (L. ) Pari. 
Luronium natans (L. ) Raf. 

AMARYLLIDACEAE 

Leucojum nicaeense Ard. 

ASCLEPIADACEAE 

Caralluma europaea (Guss. ) N.E.Brown 

BALANOPHORACEAE 

Cynomorium coccineum L. 

BORAGINACEAE 

Myosotis rehsteineri Hartm. 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula petraea L. 
Physoplexis comosa (L. ) Schur 
Phyteuma hymile Schleicher ex Gaudin 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus rupicola Biv. 
Moehringia papulosa Bertol. 
Moehringia tommasinii Marches. 
Moehringia villosa (Wulfen) Fenzl 
Silene campanula Pers. 
Silene cordifolia All. 
Silene giraldii Guss . 
Silene linicola C.C.Qnelin 

CHENOPODIACEAE , 

Bassia hirsuta (L. ) Aschers. ^•' V 

Halopeplis amplexicaulis (Vahl) 

Ung . -Stemb . R , V 

COMPOS ITAE 

Artemisia atrata Lam. R R 

Artemisia nitida Bertol. R R 

Berardia subacaulis Vill. R R 

Centaurea kartschiana Scop. V- V 

Centaurea parlatoris Heldr. V V 

Crepis suf f reniana (DC. ) Lloyd R, I 

Inula helvetica Weber R, V 

Leontodon berinii (Bartl. ) Roth "y^ R 

Leontodon siculus (Guss.) Finch & Sell E E 
Ptilostemon niveus (C.Presl) Greuter R^ R 

CONVOLVULACEAE 

Ipomoea stolonifera (Cyr.) J.F.Qnelin E V 

CRASSULACEAE 

Jovibarba allionii (Jordan & Fourr. ) 

D.A.Webb R , R 

Sempervivtim calcareum Jordan ?v R 

CRUCIFERAE 

Alyssum leucadeum Guss . V. V 

Barbarea sicula C.Presl V' V 

Brassica gravinae Ten. R^ R 

Cardamine maritima Portenschlag ex DC. R 

Hymenolobus procumbens (L. ) Nutt. ex 

Torrey & A.Gray Iv I 

Iberis semperflorens L. R R 

lonopsidium albiflorum Durieu V V 



ITALY 



233 - 



CYPERRCEAE 

Carex baldensis L. 

Carex fimbriate Schkuhr 

Carex grioletii Roemer 

Eleocharis carniolica Koch 

Eriophorum gracile Koch 
DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia velutina Briq. 
DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. 
ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. 
EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia gasparrinii Boiss. 
GENTIANACEAE 

Gentiana dinarica Beck 

Gentiana ligustica R. de Vilm. S 
Chopinet 

Lomatogonium carinthiacum (Wulfen) 
Reichenb. 
GRAMINEAE 

Antinoria insularis Pari. 

Coleanthus subtilis (Tratt. ) Seidl 

Cornucopiae cucullatum L. 

Stipa austroitalica Martinovsky 
HYDRANGEACEAE 

Philadelphxis coronarius L. 
LAB lATAE 

Ajuga tenorii C.Presl 

Ballota frutescens (L. ) Woods 

Dracocephalum austriacum L. 

Moluccella spinosa L. 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus centralpinus Braun-Blanquet 

Astragalus muelleri Steudel & Hochst. 

Cytisus emeriflorus Reichenb. 

Genista holopetala (Fleischm. ex Koch) 
Baldacci 

Ononis masguillierii Bertol. 

Tri folium saxatile All. 

Vicia sicula (Raf.) Guss. 

Vicia sparsiflora Ten. 
LILIACEAE 

Allium suaveolens Jacq. 

Fritillaria involucrata All. 

Lilium pompon i urn L. 

Muscari gussonei (Pari.) Tod. 
LYTHRACEAE 

Lythrum thesioides Bieb. 
MALVACEAE 

Hibiscus palustris L. 
ORCHIDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 

Ophrys lunulata Pari. 



nt ., 


V 




R 


I . 


V 


Ev 


V 


E 


V 


I - 


V 


Ex^ 


V 




I 


R,^ 


R 


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V 
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Rv^ 

R 

K 

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E 
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R 
V 
R 

V 
R 
R 

V 
V 
V 
V 
V 

V 
R 
V 
E 



V 
V 

I 



ITALY 



- 234 - 



PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium cordatum (L. ) Miller 

Limonixim inarimense (Guss. ) Pignatti 
ssp. inarimense 

Limonium johannis Pignatti 
PRIMULACEAE 

Androsace brevis (Hegetschw. ) Ces. 

Primula allionii Loisel. 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Aquilegia alpina L. 

Aquilegia bertolonii Schott 

Aquilegia kitaibelii Schott 

Aquilegia ottonis Orph . ex Boiss. 

Ranunculus fontanus C.Presl 

Thalictrum calabricum Sprengel 
ROSACEAE 

Geum hetertjcarpiim Boiss . 

Malus florentina (Zuccagni) 
C.K.Schneider 

Potentilla grammopetala Moretti 

Potentilla multifida L. 

Spiraea cana Waldst. & Kit. 
RUBIACEAE 

Asperula crassifolia L. 

Asperula gussonii Boiss. 

Asperula hexaphylla All. 
SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga cochlearis Reichenb. 

Saxifraga diapensioides Bellardi 

Saxifraga florulenta Moretti 

Saxifraga valdensis DC. 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Euphrasia marchesettii Wettst. ex 
Marches . 

Lindemia procumbens (Krocker) Philcox 

Verbascum siculum Tod. ex Lojac. 
SOLANACEAE 

Mandragora officinarum L. 
TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. 
TYPHACEAE 

Typha minima Funk 

lypha shuttleworthii Koch & Sonder 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Apirnn repens (Jacq.) Lag« 

Eryngium alpinum L. 

Eryngivun spinalba Vill. 

Ferula orientalis L. 

Petroselinum segetum (L. ) Koch 

Peucedanuin coriaceum Reichenb. 
VALERIANACEAE 

Valeriana celtica L. ssp. celtica 



V. 



V 


V 


V 


V 


K- 


R 


Rv, 


V 


Iv- 


V 


V- 


V 


E^ 


R 


E 


V 


I- 


V 


R. 


R 



>r 



K, 


R 


Rv 


R 


Y 


R 


y 

V 


R 
R 


R, 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


Rv 


R 


Rv 


V 


•y 


V 


Ev 


R 


nt ^ 


V 


R 


R 



Iv 
E. 

E 

V 
R 



/; 



V 
V 

V 
V 

I 

R 
V 
V 



Uo^' 



pr -. 



Afe ; a <c : I 












;^ 



ITALY 



- 235 - 

ITALY - SARDINIA 
ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula forsythii (Arcang. ) Podlech V 

COMPOS IT AE 

Bellium crassif olium Moris nt 

Buphthalmum inuloides Moris V 

Centaurea ferulacea Martelli nt 

Centaurea filiformis Viv. nt 

Centaurea horrida Badaro E 

Hyoseris taurina (Pampan.) Martinoli R 

Lactuca longidentata Moris ex DC. R 

I^myropsis microcephala (Moris) Dittrich 

& Greuter E 

GRAMINEAE 

Festuca morisiana Pari- K 

GROS SULARIACEAE 

Ribes sardoiim Martelli E 

LABIATAE 

Nepeta foliosa Moris R 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus maritimus Moris E 

Astragalus verrucosus Moris E 

Genista morisii Colla nt 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria sardoa Sprengel nt 

Arweria sulcitana Arrigoni nt 

Limonium hermaeum (Pignatti) Pignatti R 

Limonium laetuir (Nyman) Pignatti V 

Limoniiim lausianum Pignatti R 

POLYGALACEAE 

Polygala sardoa Chodat R 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Ranunculus cymbalarifolius Balb. ex 

Moris R 

RHAMNACEAE 

Rhamnus persicifolius Moris R 

RUBIACEAE 

Asperula pumila Moris nt 

Galium glaucophyllum Schmid R 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Cymbalaria muelleri (Moris) A.Chev. R 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Oenanthe lisae Moris nt 

NON-ENDEMIC TAXA COUNTRY REGIONAL 

CATEGORY CATEGORY 

PTERIDOPHYTA 
MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea strigosa Willd. I v^ V 



SARDINIA 



I\ 



- 236 - 



PTERIDACEAE 

Pteris cretica L. Rv' v 

ANGIOSPEJMAE 

AMARYLLIDACEAE 

Leucojum roseuin Martin R^ R 

BALANOPHORACEAE \ 

Cynomorixun coccineum L. I 

BORAGINACEAE 

Anchusa crispa Viv. Ew E 

Myosotis soleirolii Gren. & Godron R-^' R 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Silene giraldii Guss . R>^ R 

Silene velutina Pourret ex Loisel> ?>^' E 

CHENOPODIACEAE 

Bassia hirsuta (L. ) Aschers . nt ^ V 

Halopeplis amplexicaulls (Vahl) 

Ung . -s€ernb . R^ V 

COMPOS ITAE 

Evax rotundata Moris 

Nananthea perpusilla (Loisel. ) DC. 
CRDCIFERAE 

Alyssvun robertianum Bernard ex Gren . & 
Godron 

Brassica insularis Moris 

Hymenolobus procumbens (L.) Nutt. ex 

Torrey & A.Gray ntv I 

ELATHIACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. I 

ranunojuicem: 

Aqioilegia bernardii Gren- S Godron Vv R 

Delphinium requienii DC. !• I 

Ranunculus batrachioides Pomel Rv. R 

Ranunculus revelieri Bor. R»-- R 

ROB I ACE AE 

Asperula crassifolia L. R,.. R 

RUTACEAE 

Ruta Corsica DC. R- R 

SCROPHOLARIACEAE 

Linaria flava (Poiret) Desf. R' V 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Rouya polygama (Desf.) Coincy R' V 

VALERIANACEAE 

Centranthus trinervis (Viv.) Beguinot Ri.- V 



v.: v.a *-" 



X 


■3l 


e ' 


>\i 


d : 


\ 


7 


> 1 



R^' 


V 


Rw 


V 


v^ 


V 


R.. 


V 



SARDINIA 






- 237 - 

ITALY - SICILY 

ENDEMIC TAXA 

GYMNOSPERMAE 
PINACEAE 

Abies nebrodensis (Lojac.) Mattel E 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

ARI S TOLOCH I ACEAE 

Aristolochia sicula Tineo R 

BORAGINACEAE 

Symphytum gussonei F.W.Schultz R 

COMPOS ITAE 

Anthemis aetnensis Schouw nt 

Anthemis ismelia Lojac. R 

Anthemis muricata Guss • K 

Calendula suffruticosa Vahl ssp. 

maritima (Guss.) Meikle E 

Centaurea tauromenitana Guss. R 

Phagnalon metlesicsii Pignatti R 

Senecio aethnensis Jan ex DC. nt 

CRUCI FERAE 

Brassica macrocarpa Guss. E 

Brassica villosa Biv. R 

DIPSACACEAE 

Scabiosa limonifolia Vahl R 

Scabiosa parviflora Desf. K 

FAGACEAE 

Quercus sicula Borzi I 

GRAMINEAE 

Avena saxa tills (Lojac.) Rocha Afonso R 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus huetii Bunge I 

Cytisus aeolicus Guss. ex Lindl. E 

Genista aristata C.Presl nt 

Genista cupanii Guss. nt 

Trifolium bivonae Guss. R 

LILIACEAE 

Scilla cupanii Guss. R 

OROBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche chironii Lojac. nt 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium bocconei (Lojac.) Litard. nt 

Limonium calcarae (Tod. ex Janka ) 

Pignatti V 

Limonium panormitanum (Tod.) Pignatti V 

Limonium tenuiculum (Tineo ex Guss.) 

Pignatti nt 

RUB I ACEAE 

Asperula rupestris Tineo R 

Galium litorale Guss. E 

Valantia calva Brullo I 

Valantia deltoidea Brullo K 



SICILY 



23S 



SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Odontites bocconei (Guss. ) Walp. 
U4BE1LIFERAE 

Bupleurum dianthifolium Guss. 

Bupleurum elatum Guss. 

Petagnia saniculifolia Guss. 
URTICACEAE 

Urtica rupestris Guss. 
VIOLACEAE 

Viola aethnensis Pari. 

Viola nebrodensis C. Pre si 



nt 

V 
V 
V 



nt 
nt 



DOUBTFULLY ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
COMPOS I TAE 

Senecio siculus All. 
POLYGALACEAEf 

Polygala preslii Sprengel 



R 

nt 



NON -ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
PTERIDACEAE 

Pteris cretica L. 



V^ 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ANACARDIACEAE 

Rhus pentaphylla (Jacq.) Desf . 

Rhus tripartita (Ucria) Grande 
BALANOPHORACEAE 

Cynomorium coccineum L. 
BORAGINACEAE 

Anchusa aggregata Lehm. 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus rupicola Biv. 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Halopeplis amplexicaulis (Vahl) 
Ung.-Stemb. 
COMPOS ITAE 

Centaurea parlatoris Heldr. 

Echinops spinosus L. 

Evacidium discolor (DC. ) Maire 

Kleinia mandraliscae Tineo 

Leontodon siculus (Guss.) Finch & Sell 

Ptilostemon niveus (C.Presl) Greuter 
CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum aetnense Tineo 
CRUCIFERAE 

Alyssum nebrodense Tineo 

Barbarea sicula C.Presl 

Brassica souliei (Battand. ) Battand. 

Hymenolobus procumbens (L. ) Nutt. ex 
Torrey & A.Gray 

Iberis semperf lorens L. 

lonopsidium albiflorum Durieu 



R - 


R 


R . 


R 


!>- 


I 


E 


V 


V 


V 



V 
R 
V 
R 
E 
R 



R 
V 
V^ 



V 
R 
V 
R 
E 
R 



R 
V 
V 

I 
R 
V 



SICILY 



- 239 



CYPERACEAE 

Carex grioletii Roemer 
ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. 
ERICACEAE 

Erica sicula Guss . 
EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia bivonae Steudel 

Euphorbia gasparrinii Boiss. 
GRAMINEAE 

Antinoria insularis Pari. 

Cenchrus ciliaris L. 

Cornucopias cucullatum L. 

Saccharum spontaneum L. 

Stipa austroitalica Martinovsky 
LABIATAE 

Ajuga tenor ii C.Presl 

Moluccella spinosa L. 

Thymus richardii Pers . 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Lygos raetum (Forssk.) Heywood 

Vicia sicula ( Raf . ) Guss. 
LILIACEAE 

Allium obtusif lorvun DC. 

Muscari gussonei (Pari.) Tbd. 
PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium albidum (Guss.) Pignatti 

Limonium cosyrense (Guss. ) Kuntze 

Limonium inarimense (Guss.) Pignatti 
ssp. inarimense 

Limoniiom johannis Pignatti 

Limonium sibthorpianum (Guss.) Kuntze 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Ranunculus fontanus C.Presl 

Thalictrum calabricum Sprengel 
RUBIACEAE 

Asperula gussonii Boiss. 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Linaria pseudolaxif lora Lojac. 

Verba scum siculum Tod. ex Lojac. 
TAMARICACEAE 

Reaumuria vermiculata L. 
VIOLACEAE 

Viola munbyana Boiss. S Reuter 



I'- 


V 


K -^ 


I 


I 


I 


R. 


R 


R. 


R 


V 


V 


R 


R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


E 


E 


R, 


R 


^ 


R 


V 


V 


V. 


V 


v.. 


V 


•s 


V 


E 


E 


V 


V 


R. 


R 


V 


V 


Vv- 


V 


V- 


V 


I.. 


V 


R, 


R 



R 

R, 

Rv 
R 



R 

R 

R 
R 



JS-v 



ri •: 



K« 



v; 


:n 


e : 


;ii 


Xi 


5 


Si 


S 


K .' 


\ 


SICILY 



240 - 



LUXEMBOURG 

NON-ENDEMIC TAXA COUNTRY REGIONAL 

CATEGORY CATEGORY 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill. 
CRUCIFERAE 

Sisymbrium supirnjm L. 
GRAMINEAE 

Bromus grossus Desf. ex DC. 
ORCHIDACEAE 

Cypripediinn calceolus L. 



E 


R 


Ex 


V 


Ex 


E 


Ex 


V 



2k \ 3 



LUXEMBOURG 



241 - 



MALTA 



ENDEMIC TAXA 

ANGIOSPERMAE 
COMPOS ITAE 

Palaeocyanus crassifolius (Bertol. ) 
Dostal 
IRIDACEAE 

Romulea melitensis Beguinot 

NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



R 

nt 

COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



GYMNOSPERMAE 
CUPRESSACEAE 

Tetraclinis articulata (Vahl) Mast. 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

BALANOPHORACEAE 

Cynomorium coccineum L. 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Pteranthus dichotomus Forssk . 

comIjositae 

Crepis pusilla (Soinmier) Merxm. 
CRUCIFERAE 

Enarthrocarpus pterocarpus DC. 
EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia bivonae Steudel 
GRAMINEAE 

Cornucopiae cucullatuin L. 
ORCH IDACEAE 

Ophrys lunulata Pari. 
PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium cosyrense (Guss.) Kuntze 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Ranunculus fontanus C.Presl 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Linaria pseudolaxif lora Lojac. 



Exv 
R<.- 

Ev 

I ■. 
Ex , 
R 
R 
E 
R . 



I 

Ex 

R 

E 

R 

V 

I 

R 

V 

R 






MALTA 



242 



NETHERLANDS 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
MARSILEACEAE 

Pilularia globulifera L. 
OPHIOGDOSSACEAE 

Botrychixim matricariifolium A.Braun ex 
Koch 



Rv 



Ex'- 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Echinodorus repens (Lam.) Kern & Reichg. 

Luronium natans (L. ) Raf . 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Bassia hir^uta (L. ) Aschers . 
COMPOS IT AE 

Senecio congestus (R.Br. ) DC. 
CRUCIFERAE 

Sisymbrium supinum L. 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex trinervis Degl . ex Loisel. 

Eriophorum gracile Koch 
GENTIANACEAE 

Gentianella uliginosa (Willd. ) Borner 
GRAMINEAE 

Deschampsia setacea (Huds.) Hackel 
HYPERICACEAE 

Hypericum canadense L. 
ORCHIDACEAE 

Hamnarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Apium repens ( Jacq. ) Lag. 

Petroselinum segetum (L. ) Koch 



Vi. 


V 


V 


V 


c 




Ex- 


V 


nt.^ 


V 


Ex. 


V 


nt. 


V 


Eu 


V 


Rw 


V 


Et 


V 


I •^ 


R 


E«- 


V 


E . 


V 


E ^ 


V 


V^ 


V 



K^AiAtSx t r- r fi^ft- 



?:0 

3 
^ 5 5 

r ; I 



NETHERLANDS 



- 243 



NORWAY 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
CRUCIFERAE 

Draba dovrensis Fries 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Oxytropis deflexa (Pallas) DC. 
norvegica Nordh. 



ssp. 



nt 



DOUBTFULLY ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
COMPOS ITAE 

Antennaria nordhageniana Rune & Ronning 

NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPIDIACEAE 

Cystopteris sudetica A.Braun & Milde 
Diplazium sibiricum (Turcz. ex Kunze ) 
Kurata 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium adulterinum Milde 
MARSILEACEAE 

Pilularia globulifera L. 
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium lanceolatum (S.G.Gitielin ) 

Angstrom 
Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 

Koch 
Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Qnelin) Rupr. 
Botrychium simplex Hitchc. 



R 


V 


Rv 


R 


nt>^ 


R 


Eu 


V 



R, 


V 


K 


V 


Exi- 


V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Luronium natans (L. ) Raf. 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria humifusa Wahlenb. 

Silene furcata Raf. 

Stellaria crassipes Hulten 
COMPOS ITAE 

Artemisia norvegica Fries 

Aster sibiricus L. 

Crepis multicaulis Ledeb. 
CRASSULACEAE 

Crassula aquatica (L.) Schonl . 
CRUCIFERAE 

Braya linearis Rouy 

Braya purpura scens (R.Br. ) Bunge 

Draba cacuminum H.Ekman 

Draba cinerea Adams 

Draba crassifolia Graham 



R^ 


R 


I u^ 


R 


R. 


R 


R 


R 


E^ 


E 


EXi^' 


Ex 



E 

E 

R' 

R 

R. 



V 
E 
R 
R 
R 



NORWAY 



244 



CYPERACEAE 

Carex holostoma Drejer R" R 

Carex recta F.Boott R>. R 

Carex scirpoidea Michaux R. R 

Carex stylosa C.A.Meyer \' I 

Eriophorum gracile Koch V 

GENTIANACEAE 

Gentianella uliginosa (Willd. ) Borner R- V 
GRAMINEAE 

Cinna latifolia (Trev. ) Griseb. 

Coleanthus subtilis (Tratt. ) Seidl 

Deschampsia setacea (Huds.) Hackel 

Trisetum subalpestre (Hartm. ) Neuman 
NAJADACEAE 

Najas flexilis (Willd.) Rostk. & al Ev- 
ORCHIDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. 

Haminarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 

Platanthera obtusata (Pursh) Lindl. 
PAPAVERACEAE 

Papaver laestadianum (Nordh.) Nordh. 

Papaver lapponicum (Tolm. ) Nordh. 
POLEMONIACEAE 

Polemonivam boreale Adams 
POLYGONACEAE 

Rheiam rhaponticum L. R. 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Ranunculus sulphureus Phipps 7^ 



V M 






I 



- ^ '-. r r<.^ 



I «5^(xu^: 



'"^ 


R 


Ex> 


V 


R. 


V 


E. 


V 



R, 


V 




V 


Ex 


V 


R.. 


V 


R. 


R 


Vu 


V 


V' 


V 



NORWAY 



- 245 - 



POLAND 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
CKUCIFERAE 

Cochlearia polonica Frohl. 
Erysimuin pieninicijin (Zapal.) Pawi. 
RUBIACEAE 

Galium cracoviense Ehrendorfer 



E 
E 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPIDIACEAE 

Cystopteris sudetica A.Braun S Milde 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium adulterinmn Milde 
LYCOPODIACEAE 

Diphasixim issleri (Rouy) Holub 
MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea guadrifolia L. 

Pilularia globulifera L. 
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium lanceolatum (S.G.Gmelin) 
Angstrom 

Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 
Koch 

Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gnelin) Rupr. 

Botrychium simplex Hitchc. 

Botrychium virginianum (L. ) Swartz 



R 


V 


R 


R 


R 


V 


Ex 


V 


K 


V 



R 


V 


R 


V 


R 


V 


R 


V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Caldesia parnassifolia (L. ) Pari. 

Luronium natans (L. ) Raf. 
BETULACEAE 

Betula humilis Schrank 
BORAGINACEAE 

Myosotis stenophylla Knaf 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill. 

Dianthus nitidus Waldst. S Kit. 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Corispermum marschallii Steven 
COMPOS IT AE 

Erigeron nanus Schur 

Ligularia sibirica (L. ) Cass. 

Senecio congestus (R.Br. ) DC. 

Tragopogon floccosus Waldst. & Kit. 
CRASSULACEAE 

Crassula aquatica (L. ) Schonl. 
CRUCIFERAE 

Cochlearia tatrae Borbas 



R 
R 

E 

R 
Ex 



R 
R 
K 
R 

R 



V 
V 



V 
V 



R 
V 



R 

R 
V 
V 

V 

I 



POLAND 



246 - 



CYPERACEAE 

Eriophorum gracile Koch R v V 

DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. Rv-' V 

ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. I •^ I 

ERICACEAE 

Rhododendron luteum Sweet R< V 

GENTIANACEAE 

Gentianella uliginosa (Willd. ) Borner R. V 

GRAMINEAE 

Deschampsia setacea (Huds.) Hackel R V 

Stipa borysthenica Klokov ex Prokudin 7^ V 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus arenarius L. I rf- V 

Trif olium lupinaster L. R • R 

NAJADACEAE 

Najas flexilis (Willd.) Rostk. & al R V 

ORCH IDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. V, V 

Hammarbya paludosa (L.) Kuntze R V 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. R V 

Neottianthe cucullata (L. ) Schlechter R R 

POTAMOGETONACEAE 

Potamogeton rutilus Wolfg. R V 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Pulsatilla patens (L. ) Miller !• V 

RUBIACEAE 

Galium polonicum Blocki R R 

SALICACEAE 

Salix bicolor Willd. R' R 

SANTALACEAE 

Thesium ebracteatum Hayne I ; E 

SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga wahlenbergii Ball R- R 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Linaria loeselii Schweigger R R 

Lindernia procumbens (Krocker ) Philcox R V 
Pedicularis exaltata Besser R V 

Pedicularis sudetica Willd. R V 

TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. V V 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Apium repens (Jacq. ) Lag. R V 

laserpitium archangelica Wulfen R V 



? 



■ 1 



POLAND 



3 



- 247 - 

PORTUGAL 
ENDEMIC TAXA 

flNGIOSPERMAE 

AMARYLLIDACEAE 

Narcissus scaberulus Henriq. V 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Jasione lusitanica A. DC. nt 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Hernia ria algarvica Chaudri V 

Herniaria berlengiana (Chaudhri) Franco R 

Herniaria maritima Link V 

Loeflingia tavaresiana G.Samp. E 

Silene bergiana LincJman I 

Silene cintrana Rothm. r 

Silene rothmaleri Pinto da Silva E 

CISTACEAE 

Cistus palhinhae Ingram R 

Halimium verticillatum (Brot. ) Sennen nt 
Tuberaria major (Willk.) Pinto da Silva 

et al E 

COMPOS ITAE 

Centaurea fraylensis Schultz Bip. ex 

Nyman R 

Centaurea rothmalerana (Arenes ) Dostal R 

Cynara algarbiensis Coss. ex Mariz nt 

Leuzea longi folia Hoffmanns. & Link R 

Picris spinifera Franco nt 
Tanacetum mucronulatum (Hoffmanns, s 

Link ) Heywood R 

CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum pruinatiim Link ex Brot. R 

CRUCI FERAE 

Arabis lusitanica Boiss. R 

Arabis sadina (G.Samp.) Cout. R 
Biscutella vincentina (G.Samp.) Rothm. 

ex Guinea V 

Diplotaxis vicentina (Cout.) Rothm. V 

Iberis sampaiana Franco & Pinto da Silva V 

lonopsidium acaule (Desf.) Reichenb. E 

Murbeckiella sousae Rothm. R 
Rhynchosinapis johnstonii (G.Samp.) 

Heywood E 
DIPSACACEAE 

Succisella carvalhoana (Mariz) Baksay R 
EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia monchiquensis Franco & Pinto 

da Silva R 

Euphorbia transtagana Boiss. R 



PORTUGAL 



R 

R 



248 



GRAMINEAE 

Avenula hackelii (Henriq. ) Holub Ex 

Avenula occidentalis (Gervais) Holub nt 
Festuca brigantina (M.-D.) 

Markgraf-Dannenberg R 
Festuca henriquesii Hackel 
Pseudarrhenatherum pallens (Link) Holub 

LABIATAE 

Teucriuin salviastrum Schreber R 

Thymus camphoratus Hoffmanns- & Link E 

Thymus capitellatus Hoffmanns. & Link R 

Thymus cepha lotos L. E 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Ulex densus Welw. ex Webb R 

LILIACEAE 

Allium pruinatum Link ex Sprengel R 

Allium schmitzii Cout. R 

Asphodelus bento-rainhae Pinto da Silva V 

Bellevalia hackelii Freyn V 

Scilla beirana G.Samp. nt 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria arcuata Welw. ex Boiss. & Reuter Ex 

Armeria berlengensis Daveau R 

Armeria humilis (Link) J.A.Schultes R 
Armeria pinifolia (Brot. ) Hoffmanns. & 

Link nt 

Armeria pseudarmeria (Murray) Mansf. V 

Armeria rouyana Daveau E 

Armeria welwitschii Boiss. V 

SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga cintrana Kuzinsky ex Willk. R 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Anarrhinum longipedicellat\im R. Fernandas nt 

Linaria algarviana Chav. E 

Linaria coutinhoi Valdes R 

Linaria ficalhoana Rouy E 

Linaria lamarckii Rouy V 

Linaria ricardoi Cout. E 

Verbascinn litigiosum G.Samp. V 

Veronica micrantha Hoffmanns. & Link nt 

DOUBTFDLLY ENDEMIC TAXA 

ANGIOSPERMAE 
GRAMINEAE 

Avenula delicatula Franco R 

Koeleria caudata (Link) Steudel nt 



PORTUGAL 



249 



PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria eriophylla Willk. 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium hemionitis L. 
HYMENOPHYLLACEAE 

Trichomanes speciosum Willd. 
MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. 

Marsilea strigosa Willd. 

Pilularia globulifera L. 



R - 


V 


v.. 


V 


V 


V 


R 


V 


V 


V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

BALANOPHORACEAE 

Cynomorium coccineum L. 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Silene macrorhiza Gay & Durieu ex 
lacaita 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Halopeplis amplexicaulis (Vahl) 
Ung.-Sternb. 
COMPOS ITAE 

Centaurea exarata Boiss- ex Coss. 

Centaurea schousboei Lange 

Crepis pusilla (Sommier) Merxm. 

Daveaua anthemoides Mariz 

Leuzea rhaponticoides Graells 

Phalacrocarpum hoffmannseggii (G.Samp.) 
M.Lainz 

Senecio lopezii Boiss. 
CRUCIFERAE 

Hymenolobus procmnbens (L. ) Nutt. ex 
Torrey & A.Gray 

Murbeckiella boryi (Boiss.) Rothm. 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex asturica Boiss. 

Carex camposii Boiss. & Reuter 

Carex durieui Steudel 

Carex trinervis Degl. ex Loisel. 
DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia nevadensis (M.Winkler ex Szabo ) 
Szabo 
ELATXNACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. 
EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia clementei Boiss. 

Euphorbia medicaginea Boiss. 
GENTIANACEAE 

Centaurium chloodes (Brot.) G.Samp 
GRAMINEAE 

Corynephorus macrantherus Boiss . & 
Reuter 



R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V, 


V 


E 


I 


R- 


R 


R 


R 


R 


V 


R 


V 


V. 


V 


R 


R 


Rv 


I 


R 


R 


R 


R 



PORTUGAL 



1- *-- 



R ^ R 



250 



LABIATAE 

Nepeta multibracteata Desf . 

Iteucriiiin haenseleri Boiss. R ^ R 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus algarbiensis Coss . ex Bunge E- E 

Ononis cossoniana Boiss. & Reuter Ex'- R 

Ononis maweana Ball E,^ E 

LENTIBULARIACEAE 

Utricularia subulata L. R. R 

LILIACEAE 

Scilla odorata Link R R 

LORANTHACEAE 

Viscum cruciatuiti Sieber ex Boiss. E. I 

MALVACEAE 

Althaea longiflora Boiss. & Reuter E- R 

Lavatera mauritanica Durieu Vv^ V 

OROBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche txichocalyx (Webb & Berthel.) 

Beck R ' R 

PAPAVERACEAE 

Fumaria reuteri Boiss. R' V 

SCKOPHULARIACEAE 

Lindernia procumbens (Krocker ) Philcox R V 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Angelica pachycarpa Lange R, R 

Bupleurum acutifolium Boiss. R R 

Eryngivun viviparum Gay E _ V 

Petroselinum segetum (L. ) Koch R. V 

Thorella verticillatinundata (Thore) 

Briq. R'- V 

VIOLACEAE 

Viola langeana Valentine R '- R 









PORTUGAL 



- 251 



PORTUGAL - AZORES 
ENDEMIC TAXA 

PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPIDIACEAE 

Dryopteris azorica (Christ) Alston K 

Dryopteris crispifolia Rasbach & al- K 

ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenixom azoricum Lovis et al. nt 

ISOETACEAE 

Isoetes azorica Durieu ex Milde K 

GYMNOSPERMAE 
CUPRESSACEAE 

Juniperus brevifolia (Seub- ) Antoine nt 

AMGIOSPERMAE 

AQUIFOLIACEAE 

Ilex perado Aiton ssp. azorica Tutin nt 

BORAGINACEAE 

Myosotis azorica H.C.Watson R 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Azorina vidalii (H.C.Watson) Feer V 

CAPRIFOLIACEAE 

Viburnum trealeasii Gandoger nt 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Cerastium azoricum Hochst. R 

Spergularia azorica (Kindb. ) Lebel V 

COMPOS IT A E 

Bellis azorica Hochst. ex Seub. I 

Lactuca watsoniana Trelease R 

Microderis filii Hochst. R 

Microderis rigens (Aiton) DC. R 

Senecio malvifolius (L'Herit.) DC. R 

Tolpis azorica (Nutt. ) Pinto da Silva R 

CRUCI FERAE 

Cardamine caldeirarum H.J.Guthnik ex 

Seub. R 

CYPERACEAE 

Carex hochstetterana Gay ex Seub. nt 

Carex pilulifera L. ssp. azorica (Gay) 

Franco S Rocha Afonso K 

Carex vulcani Hochst. ex Seub. nt 

DIPSACACEAE 

Scabiosa nitens Roemer S J.A.Schultes nt 

EMPETRACEAE 

Corema album (L. ) D.Don ssp. azoricum 

P. Silva K 

ERICACEAE 

Daboecia azorica Tutin & E.F.Warb. R 

Erica scoparia L. ssp. azorica (Hochst.) 

D.A.Webb V 

Vaccinium cylindraceum Smith nt 



AZORES 



252 - 



EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia azorica Seub. V 

Euphorbia stygiana H.C.Watson R 

GRAMINEAE 

Agrostis congestif lora Tutin & E.F.Warb. K 
Agrostis gracililaxa Franco K 

Festuca petraea Guthnick ex Seub. nt 

Gaudinia coarctata (Link) Th. Dur. S 

Schinz nt 

Holcus rigidus Hochst. ex Seub. nt 

Lophochloa azorica Hansen K 

HYPERICACEAE 

Hypericum foliosum Aiton nt 

JUNCACEAE 

Luzula purpureo-splendens Seub. nt 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Lotus azoricus P.W.Bali R 

Vicia dennesiana H.C.Watson Ex 

LILIACEAE 

Smilax divaricata Solander ex H.C.Watson R 

LORANTHACEAE 

Arceuthobium azoricum Wiens & Hawksw. K 

OLEACEAE 

Picconia azorica (Tutin) Knobl. I 

ORCHIDACEAE 

Platanthera micrantha (Hochst. ex Seub.) 

Schlechter V 

POLYGONACEAE 

Rumex azoricus Rech.f. R 

PRIMULACEAE 

Lysimachia nemorum L. ssp. azorica 

(Hornem. ex Hook.) Palhinha K 

ROSACEAE 

Prunus lusitanica L. ssp. azorica 

(Mouillef.) Franco R 

Rubus hochstetterorum Seub. R 

RUBIACEAE 

Rubia agostinhoi Dansereau & Pinto da 

Silva nt 

S CRCPHULARI ACEAE 

Euphrasia azorica H.C.Watson I 

E^iphrasia grandiflora Hochst. ex Seub* I 

Veronica dabneyi Hochst. I 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Aimni huntii H.C.Watson R 

Ammi trifoliatum (H.C.Watson) Trelease R 

Chaerophyllum azoricum Trelease I 

Daucus carota L. ssp. azoricus Franco K 

Sanicula azorica Guthnick ex Seub. R 



AZORES 



253 



DOUBTFULLY ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
GRAMINEAE 

Deschampsia foliosa Hackel 



nt 



NON -ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
CRASSULACEAE 

Aichryson villosum (Alton) Webb & 
Berthel. 
CRUCIFERAE 

Cakile edentula (Bigel.) Hook. 
GRAMINEAE 

Festuca jubata Lowe 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Melanoselinum decipiens (Schrader & 
Wendl. ) Hoffmann 



R 
R 
R 



R 
R 
V 



h-' 



I' » I 



e ; ^ 



AZORES 



254 



PORTUGAL 



MADEIRA 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPIDIACEAE 

Dryopteris aitoniana Pichi-Serm. 
Dryopteris maderensis Alston 
Polystichvun drepanuro (Swartz) C.Presl 
Polystichum falcinellum (Swartz) C.Presl 
Polystichum webbianurti (A. Brown) 
Christensen 
LYCOPODIACEAE 

Lycopodiella veigae (Vase.) A.Hansen S 
Sunding 



K 
K 
K 

K 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
AQUIFOLIACEAE 

Ilex perado Alton ssp. perado 
BERBERIDACEAE 

Berberis maderensis Lowe 
BORAGINACEAE 

Echiuin candicans L.f. 

Echium nervosum Dryander 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Musschia aurea (L.f.) DC. 

Musschia wollastonii Lowe 
CAPRIFOLIACEAE 

Sambucus lanceolata R.Br. 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Cerastiuw vagans Lowe 
CELASTRACEAE 

Maytenus dryandri (Lowe) Loes. 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Beta patula Alton 
CLETHRACEAE 

Clethra arborea Alton 
COMPOS IT AE 

Andryala crlthmlfolla Alton 

Argyranthemum dissectum (Lowe) Lowe 

Argyranthemum haemotomma (Lowe) Lowe 

Argyranthemiam plnnatlfldum (L.f. ) Lowe 
ssp. plnnatlfldum 

Argyranthemum plnnatlfldum (L.f.) Lowe 
ssp. succulentum (Lowe) Humphries 

Artemisia argentea L'Herlt. 

Asparagus umbellatus Idnk ssp. lowel 
(Kunth) Valdes 

Calendula maderensis DC. 

Carduus squarrosus (DC. ) Lowe 

Chelrolophus massonianus (Lowe) Hansen & 
Sunding 

Cirsiiom latifolium Lowe 

Crepis noronhaea Babe. 

Crepis vesicarla L. ssp. andryaloides 
(Lowe) Babe. 

Helichrysum devium F.Y.Johnson 



R 

V 

nt 
nt 

R 
E 

R 

R 

V 

R 

nt 

V 
R 
V 

nt 

E 
V 

R 
V 
V 

E 
V 
R 

K 
K 



MADEIRA 



255 



COMPOS ITAE 

Helichrysum melaleucum Reichenb. ex Holl nt 

Helichrysvun monizii Lowe R 

Helichrysum obconiciim DC. nt 

Phagnalon bermettii Lowe R 

Senecio auritus (L'Herit. ) Lowe nt 

Sonchus fruticosus L.f. nt 

Sonchus pinnatus Alton R 

Sonchus ustulatus Lowe ssp. ustulatus R 
Sonchus ustulatus Lowe ssp. maderensis 

Aldr. , in press V 

Tolpis macrorhiza (Lowe ex Hook. ) DC. R 

CONVOLVULACEAE 

Convolvulus massonii A.Dietr. E 

CRASSULACEAE 

Aeonium glandulosum (Alton) Webb S 

Berthel. nt 
Aeonium glutlnosian (Alton) Webb & 

Be rthe 1 . nt 

Aichryson dlvaricatum (Alton) Praeger nt 

Aichryson dumosum (Lowe) Praeger V 

Sedum brissemoretii Raymond-Hamet R 

Sedum farinosum Lowe R 

Sedum fusiforme Lowe nt 

Sedum nudum Alton nt 

CRUCIFERAE 

Crambe fruticosa L.f. R 

Erysimum arbuscula (Lowe) Snogerup V 

Erysimum maderense Polatschek nt 

Matthiola maderensis Lowe nt 

Slnapldendron angustlfolium (DC. ) Lowe V 

Sinapldendron frutescens (Alton) Lowe R 

Slnapldendron rupestre Lowe V 

Sinapldendron sempervlvlfollum Menezes K 

CYPERACEAE 

Carex lowei Becherer K 

Carex malato-belizil Raymond V 

ERICACEAE 

Erica maderensis (DC.) Bormn. R 

Vacclnium padifollum Smith ex Rees nt 

EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia piscatoria Alton nt 

GEPANIACEAE 

Geranium maderense Yeo E 

Geranixim palmatum Cav. nt 

Geranium rubescens Yeo R 

GRAMINEAE 

Deschampsia argentea (Lowe) Lowe V 
Deschampsia maderensis (Hackel & Bornm. ) 

Buschm. E 

Festuca alblda Lowe R 

Festuca donax Lowe V 

Hellctotrichon sulcatum (Gay) Henrard K 

Phalarls maderensis (Menezes) Menezes E 



MADEIRA 



R 
R 



R 
K 



- 256 



JUNCACEAE 

Luzula seubertii Lowe R 

LAB I AT AE 

Bystropogon maderensis Webb R 

Bystropogon piperitus Lowe 
Sideritis candicans Aiton 
Teucrium abutiloides L'Herit. V 

Teucriuni betonicvun L'Herit. R 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Anthyllis lemanniana Lowe E 

Genista tenera (Jacq. ex Murray) Kuntze 
Lotus argyrodes R.P.Murray 
lotus loweanus Webb nt 

Lotus macranthus Lowe R 

Ononis costae Menezes K 

Teline maderensis Webb S Berthel. nt 

Teline paivae (Lowe) P.E.Gibbs & 

Dingwall ^ 

Vicia capreolata Lowe V 

Vicia costae A.Hansen K 

Vicia pectinata Lowe K 

Vicia portosanctana Menezes V 

Vicia sativa L. ssp. devia Costa K 

LILIACEAE 

Ruscus streptophyllus Yeo V 

OLEACEAE 

Jasminum azoricxun L. V 

Jasminum odoratissinmin L. nt 

Olea europaea L. ssp. maderensis Lowe R 

ORCHIDACEAE 

Dactylorhiza foliosa (Verm. ) Soo nt 

Goodyera macrophylla Lowe E 

Orchis scopulorum Summerh. E 

PITTOSPORACEAE 

Pittosporum coriaceum Dryander ex Aiton E 
PLANTAGINACEAE 

Plantago leiopetala Lowe V 

Plantago maderensis Decaisne V 

Plantago malato-belizii Lawalree E 

Plantago subspathulata Pilger R 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria maderensis Lowe R 

Limonium ovalifolium (Poiret) Kuntze 
ssp. pyramidata (Lowe) A.Hansen & 
Sanding ^ 

POLYGONACEAE 

Rumex bucephalophorus L. ssp. 

fruticescens Bomm. K 

ROSACEAE 

Chamaemeles coriacea Lindl. E 

Marcetella maderensis (Bornm. ) Svent. E 

Rosa mandonii Desegl. 
Rubus canariensis W.O.Focke K 

Riibus concolor Lowe K 

Rubus grandifolius Lowe K 

Rubus vahlii Friderichsen K 

Sorbus maderensis Dode E 



V 



MADEIRA 



- 257 



RUBIACEAE 

Galium productum Lowe 

SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga maderensis Don 
Saxifraga pickeringii C.Simon 
Saxifraga portosanctana Boiss. 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Isoplexis sceptrxom (L.f • ) Loudon 
Odontites holliana (Lowe) Benth. 
Scrophularia hirta Lowe 
Scrophularia lowei Dalgaard 
Scrophularia racemosa Lowe 
Sibthorpia peregrina L. 

SOLANACEAE 

Solanum patens Lowe 
Solanum trisectum Dunal 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Amini proceriini Lowe 
Bunium brevif olium Lowe 
Imperatoria lowei Coss • 
Oenanthe pteridifolia Lowe 

VIOLACEAE 

Viola paradoxa Lowe 



nt 

R 

R 

R 
V 
R 
R 
R 
V 

K 

E 

V 
E 
V 
V 



NON -ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY 
CATEGORY 



REGIONAL 
CATEGORY 



GYMNOSPERMAE 
CUPRESSACEAE 

Juniperus cedrus Webb & Berthel. 



t.^ 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Spergularia fallax Lowe 
COMPOS IT AE 

Crepis divaricata (Lowe) F.W.Schultz 
CRASSULACEAE 

Aichryson villosum (Alton) Webb & 
Berthel. 
EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia mellifera Alton 
GRAMINEAE 

Dactylis smithii Link 

Festuca jubata Lowe 

Loliuin lowei Menezes 
HYPERICACEAE 

Hypericiom glandulosum Alton 
JUNCACEAE 

Ebingeria elegans (Lowe) Chrtek S Kriza 
LABIATAE 

Bystropogon canariensis (L. ) L'Herit. 

lavandula rotundifolia Benth. 

Teucrium heterophyllum L'Herit. 
LAURACEAE 

Ocotea foetens (Alton) Benth. S Hook.f. 

Persea indica (L. ) Sprengel 



Rv 


R 


Rv^ 


R 


R. 


R 


R, 


V 


Rv 


R 


vy 


V 


Vv- 


V 


Rv 


R 


R 


V 


v.. 


V 


Vv 


V 


E^ 


V 


R. 


V 


R ^ 


V 



MADEIRA 



258 



LILIACEAE 

Asparagus scoparius Lowe R^ R 

Dracaena draco (L. ) L. E^. V 

Scilla maderensis Menezes E V 

Semele androgyna (L. ) Kunth R,- V 

Smilax canariensis Willd. R ^^ V 

MYRSINACEAE 

Heberdenia excelsa (Alton) Banks ex DC. V V 
OLEACEAE 

Picconia excelsa (Alton) DC. V, V 

RHAMNACEAE 

Rhamnus glandulosa Alton Vv V 

ROSACEAE 

Bencomla caudata (Alton) Webb S Berthel. 1 '^ V 

SAPOTACEAE 

Slderoxylon marmulano Banks ex Lowe E _^ E 
THEACEAE 

Vlsnea mocanera L.f. Ri^ V 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Melanoselinum declplens (Schrader S 

Wendl.) Hoffmann R^ R 

Monlzla edulls Lowe 'E" E 



MADEIRA 



- 259 - 

ROMANIA 

ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

BORAGINACEAE 

Onosma pseudarenaria Schur E 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula romanica Savul. V 

C7VRY0PHYLLACEAE 

Cerastium transsilvanicum Schur R 

Dianthus callizonus Schott S Kotschy R 
Dianthus glacialis Haenke ssp. gelidus 

(Schott, Nyman & Ky) Tutin R 
Dianthus henteri Heuffel ex Griseb. & 

Schenk nt 

Dianthus tenuifolius Schur nt 

Lychnis nivalis Kit. V 

Minuartia cataractarum Janka E 

Silene dinarica Sprengel R 

COMPOS ITAE 

Andryala levitomentosa (Nyar. ) Sell E 

Centaurea jankae Brandza E 

Centaurea pontica Prodan & Nyar. E 

CRUCIFERAE 

Barbarea lepuznica Nyar. V 

Draba domeri Heuffel V 

Draba haynaldii Stur V 

Draba kotschyi Stur nt 

Draba simonkaiana S.Javorka V 

Hesperis oblongifolia Schur V 

DIPSACACEAE 

Cephalaria radiata Griseb. & Schenk R 

GENTIANACEAE 

Gentiana cruciata L. ssp. phlogifolia 

(Schott & Kotschy) Tutin R 

GRAMINEAE 

Agropyron brandzae Pantu S So lac. V 

Festuca bucegiensis Markgraf-Dannenberg K 

Festuca pachyphylla Degen ex Nyar. K 

Helictotrichon decorum (Janka) Henrard nt 

Stipa danubialis Dihoru & Roman V 

LABIATAE 

Micromeria pulegium (Rochel) Benth. R 
Salvia transsylvanica (Schur ex Griseb. ) 

Schur R 

Thymus bihoriensis Jalas R 

Thymus comosus Heuffel ex Griseb. nt 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus peterfii S.Javorka E 

Astragalus pseudopurpureus Gusul. V 

Astragalus roemeri Simonkai V 

LINACEAE 

Linum uninerve (Rochel) S.Javorka V 



ROMANIA 



260 



PAPAVERACEAE 

Fumaria jankae Hausskn- 

Papaver cor-sancti-stephani Zapal. 
PRIMULACEAE 

Primula elatior (L. ) Hill ssp. 

leucophylla (Pax) H-H. ex Smith S 
Fletch. 

Primula wulfeniana Schott ssp. 

baumgarteniana (Degen & Moesz) Ludi 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Delphinium simonkaianum Pawl . 

Hepatica transsilvanica Fuss 
RUBIACEAE 

Galium baillonii Brandza 
SANTALACEAE 

Thesimn kerneranum Simonkai 
SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga mutata L. ssp. demissa (Schott 
& Kotschy) D.A.Webb 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Pedicularis baumgartenii Simonkai 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Athamanta turbith (L. ) Brot. ssp. 
hungarica (Borbas) Tutin 
VIOLACEAE 

Viola jooi Janka 



K 
R 



nt 
Ex 

R 

nt 

R 
R 

R 
R 

R 
R 



DOUBTFULLY ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 



GRAMINEAE 

Trisetmn macrotrichum Hackel 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPIDIACEAE 

Cystopteris sudetica A.Braun S Milde 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium adulterinum Milde 
MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. 
OPH lOGLOS SACEAE 

Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 
Koch 

Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gtaelin ) Rupr. 

Botrychium virginianum (L. ) Swartz 



nt^ 


V 


\ 


R 


V^ 


V 




V 


R 


V 


V 


V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Caldesia parnassifolia (L. ) Pari. 

Luronium natans (L. ) Raf . 
AMARYLLIDACEAE 

Galanthus plicatus M.Bieb. 



Ex ' 



V 

V 



ROMANIA 



K 


I 


Vv^ 


V 


1/ 


V 


I 


V 


R 


V 



\' 


R 


E 


I 


V.' 


V 


v-^ 


V 


v^- 


V 


R 


R 



261 - 



BERBERIDACEAE 

Gymnospermium altaicum (Pallas) Spach 

BETULACEAE 

Betula humilis Schrank 

BORAGINACEAE 

Buglossoides glandulosa (Velen.) 

R. Fernandas 
Myosotis stenophylla Knaf 
Pulmonaria filarszkyana S.Javorka 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula transsilvanica Schur ex Andrae 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria rigida M.Bieb. 
Dianthus dobrogensis Prodan 
Dianthus nardiformis Janka 
Moehringia grisebachii Janka 
Moehringia jankae Griseb. ex Janka 
Silene zawadzkii Herbich 

CELASTRACEAE 

Euonymus nanus M.Bieb. V V 

CHENOPODIACEAE 

Bassia hirsuta (L. ) Aschers. V, V 

Corispermum canescens Kit. E i/^ R 

Corispermum marschallii Steven V-' V 

Corispermum nitidum Kit. R V 

COMPOS ITAE 

Achillea impatiens L. E E 

Achillea ochroleuca Ehrh. V V 

Centaurea marschalliana Sprengel V 

Centaurea pinnatifida Schur R R 

Centaurea ruthenica Lam. E V 

Centaurea varnensis Velen. E I 

Cirsium brachycephalum Juratzka V^ V 

Cirsium furiens Griseb. & Schenk V 

Erigeron nanus Schur R 

Ligularia glauca (L. ) O.Hoffman R R 

Ligularia sibirica (L. ) Cass. R R 

Saussurea porcii Degen E E 

Senecio congestus (R.Br. ) DC. 7 , v 

Serratula bulgarica Acht. & Stoy. R I 

Serratula lycopifolia (Vill.) A.Kerner V V 
Tragopogon floccosus Waldst. & Kit. V- V 

CRUCIFERAE 

Alyssum borzaeanum Nyar. E u I 

Crambe tataria Sebeok Vv' V 

Erysimum hungaricum Zapal. V 

Hymenolobus procuinbens (L. ) Nutt. ex 

Torrey & A.Gray V I 

Schivereckia podolica (Besser) Andrz. E V 

CYPERACEAE 

Carex brevicollis DC. I R 

Eleocharis carniolica Koch V 

Eriophorum gracile Koch R>-' V 

DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. V V 



ROMANIA 



- 262 



ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. Rv- i 

Elatine hungarica Moesz Vv v 

GENTIANACEAE 

Lomatogonium carinthiacum (Wulfen) 

Reichenb. R- R 

GRAMINEAE 

Festuca arenicola (Prodan) Soo R v 

Poa rehmannii (Asch. S Graeb. ) 

Woloszczak R^ R 

Stipa borysthenica Klokov ex Prokudin R V 
Stipa dasyphylla (Lindem. ) Trautv. R. v 

Stipa ucrainica P.Smirnow R R 

Zingeria pisidica (Boiss.) Tutin I. I 

IRIDACEAE 

Iris humilis Georgi I ^ V 

Iris sintenisii Janka ssp. brandzae 

(Prodan) Webb I I 

LABIATAE "^ 

Dracocephalvun austriacum L. R- V 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus dasyanthus Pallas R, V 

Astragalus sulcatus L. V*^ V 

Lathyrus transsilvanicus (Sprengel) 

Frits ch R^ V 

Sophora jaubertii Spach Vy/ V 

Trifolium lupinaster L. E i^ R 

Vicia sparsiflora Ten. E ^ V 

LILIACEAE 

Allivun obliquum L. R- R 

Bellevalia sarmatica (Pallas) Woronow E, V 
Colchicum arenarium Waldst. S Kit. E ■_ E 

Colchicum fominii Bordz. V«^ V 

Gagea bulbifera (Pallas) J. A. & 

J.H.Schultes R^ ' R 

Gagea taurica Steven R R 

Omithogalum amphibolum Zahar. Vv V 

OrnithogaluDi orthophyllum Ten. ssp. 

psaminophilum (Zahar. ) Zahar. V V 

NYMPHAEACEAE 

Nymphaea lotus L. R^ R 

ORCHIDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. V^ V 

Hammarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze E . V 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. R. v 

OROBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche caesia Reichenb. R v 

PLANTAGINACEAE 

PI an ta go schwarzenbergiana Schur. I I 

PCTAMOGETONACEAE "^ 

Potamogeton rutilus Wolfg. ? v 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Pulsatilla patens (L. ) Miller R v 

Ranunculus polyphyllus Waldst. & Kit. ex 

Willd. V V 



ROMANIA 



- 263 - 



ROSACEAE 

Spiraea crenata L. R V 

RUBIACEAE 

Asperula setulosa Boiss. V-. V 

Galium moldavicum (Dobrescu) Franco V V 
SALICACEAE 

Salix bicolor Willd. R R 

SANTALACEAE 

Thesium ebracteatum Hayne E ^ E 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Lindernia procumbens (Krocker ) Philcox I V 

Pedicularis exaltata Besser R V 

Pedicularis limnogena A.Kerner R R 

Verbascum purpureum (Janka) Huber-Mor. E I 
TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. nt'. V 

TYPHACEAE 

Typha minima Funk 

Typha shuttleworthii Koch & Sonder 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Angelica palustris (Besser) Hoffman 

Ferula sadlerana Ledeb. 

Heracleum carpaticum Porcius 

I«iserpitium archangelica Wulfen 



nt ■ 


V 


R 


V 


Vv, 


V 


Vv 


V 


V 


V 


R 


V 



IV-v- 



nt ; 3 



ROMANIA 



- 26A 



SPAIN 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

AMAEYLL IDACEAE 

Narcissus cuatrecasasii Casas et al. 

Narcissus hedraeanthus (Webb & Heldr. 
Colin. 

Narcissus longispathus Pugsley 

Narcissus nevadensis Pugsley 
BORAGINACEAE 

Echium albicans Lag. & J.D.Rodriguez 

Lithodora nitida (H.Ern) R.Fernandes 

Lithodora oleifolia (Lapeyr. ) Griseb. 

Qmphalodes gallaecica 

Omphalodes pavoniana Boiss. 

Onosma bubanii Stroh 

Onosma tricerosperma Lag. 

Solenanthus reverchonii Degen 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula affinis J.A.Schultes 

Campanula arvatica Lag. 

Campanula cantabrica Feer 

Campanula decumbens A. DC. 

Campanula specularioides Coss. 

Campanula willkommii Witasek 

Jasione foliosa Cav. 

Jasione mariana Willk. 

Jasione penicillata Boiss. 
CAPRIFOLIACEAE 

Lonicera splendida Boiss. 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria capillipes Boiss. 

Arenaria conica Boiss. 

Arenaria fontqueri Cardona & Marti 

Arenaria lithops Heywood ex McNeill 

Arenaria nevadensis Boiss. & Reuter 

Arenaria obtusiflora Kunze 

Arenaria retusa Boiss. 

Arenaria tomentosa Willk. 

Arenaria valentina Boiss. 

Bufonia macropetala Willk. 

Bufonia tuberculata Loscos 

Dianthus anticarius Boiss. & Reuter 

Dianthus charidemii Pau 

Dianthus costae Willk. 

Dianthus crassipes R. de Roemer 

Dianthus hispanicus Asso 

Dianthus langeanus Willk. 

Dianthus merinoi M.Laxnz 

Dianthus planellae Willk. 

Gypsophila hispanica Willk. 

Gypsophila struthium Loefl. 

Gypsophila tomentosa L. 

Herniaria baetica Boiss. & Reuter 

Herniaria fruticosa L. 



nt 

nt 

I 

nt 

nt 

R 

V 

V 

R 

R 

nt 

R 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 

R 
R 
K 

R 

R 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 

nt 

R 

R 

nt 

R 

nt 

nt 

V 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 



SPAIN 



265 



CAPYOPHYLLACEAE 

Moehringia fontqueri Pau R 

Moehringia intricata Willk. nt 

Paronychia aretioides DC. nt 

Paronychia rouyana Coincy nt 

Petrocoptis crassifolia Rouy nt 

Petrocoptis glaucifolia (Lag. ) Boiss. nt 

Petrocoptis grandiflora Rothm. nt 

Petrocoptis guarensis Fernandez Casas nt 

Petrocoptis hispanica (Willk. ) Pau nt 

Petrocoptis lagascae (Willk. ) Willk. nt 
Petrocoptis montsicciana O.Bolos & Rivas 

Martinez nt 

Petrocoptis pardoi Pau nt 
Petrocoptis pseudoviscosa Fernandez 

Casas nt 

Petrocoptis viscosa Rothm. nt 

Petrocoptis wiedmannii Merxm. S Grau nt 

Sagina nevadensis Boiss. & Reuter nt 

Silene almolae Gay R 

Silene boissieri Gay nt 

Silene diclinis (Lag.) M.Lainz V 

Silene gaditana Talavera & Bocquet R 

Silene stockenii Chater R 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Salsola genistoides Juss. ex Poiret nt 

Salsola papillosa (Coss. ) Willk. nt 
CISTACEAE 

Fumana paradoxa Heywood R 

Helianthemum almeriense Pau nt 
Helianthemum alypoides Losa & Rivas 

Goday V 

Helianthemum asperum Lag. ex Dunal nt 

Helianthemum pannosxim Boiss. nt 

Helianthemum rossmaessleri Willk. nt 

Helianthemum viscidulum Boiss. nt 
COMPOS ITAE 

Anacyclus alboranensis Esteve Chueca S 

Varo E 

Andryala agardhii Haenseler ex DC. nt 

Artemisia barrelieri Besser nt 

Artemisia cantabrica (M.Lainz) M.Lainz R 

Artemisia granatensis Boiss. E 

Artemisia legionensis R 

Aster willkommii Schultz Bip. nt 

Atractylis tutinii Franco R 

Carduncellus araneosus Boiss. & Reuter nt 

Carduus granatensis Willk. nt 

Centaurea amblensis Grael Is nt 

Centaurea antennata Dufour nt 

Centaurea argecillensis Gredilla R 

Centaurea bombycina Boiss. ex DC. R 

Centaurea carratracensis Lange R 

Centaurea cephalariifolia Willk. nt 

Centaurea clementei Boiss. ex DC. nt 

Centaurea corcubionensis M.Lafnz R 

Centaurea granatensis Boiss. ex DC. nt 



SPAIN 



- 266 



COMPOS ITAE 

Centaurea haenseleri (Boiss.) Boiss. 

Centaurea hyssopifolia Vahl 

Centaurea janeri Graells 

Centaurea lagascae Nyman 

Centaurea lagascana Graells 

Centaurea lainzii Fernandez Casas 

Centaurea linaresii Lazaro 

Centaurea linifolia L. 

Centaurea loscosii Willk. 

Centaurea macrorrhiza Willk. 

Centaurea micracantha Dufour 

Centaurea monticola Boiss* ex DC. 

Centaurea polymorpha Lag. 

Centaurea seridis L. 

Centaurea toletana Boiss. & Reuter 

Cirsium bourgaeanum Willk. 

Cirsium costae (Sennen & Pau ) Petrak 

Cirsium giraudiasii Sennen S Pau 

Cirsium valentinum P. Porta S G.Rigo 

Crepis oporinoides Boiss. ex Froel. 

Cyanopsis muricata (L. ) Dostal 

Cynara alba Boiss. ex DC. 

Erigeron frigidus Boiss. ex DC. 

Erigeron major (Boiss. ) Vierh. 
Evax nevadensis Boiss. 
Hymenostemma pseudanthemis (Kunze ) 

Willd. 
Jurinea fontqueri Cuatrec. 
Lactuca livida Boiss. & Reuter 
launaea pumila (Cav. ) Kuntze 
Leontodon boryi Boiss. ex DC. 
Leontodon carpetanus Lange 
Leontodon merinoi 
leontodon microcephalus (Boiss. ex DC.) 

Boiss . 
Leucanthemopsis pallida (Miller) Heywood 
Leucanthemopsis radicans (Cav.) Heywood 
Leucanthemum gracilicaule (Dufour) Alavi 

& Heywood 
Prolongoa pectinata (L. ) Boiss. 
Ptilostemon hispanicus (Lam.) Greuter 
Rothmaleria granatensis (Boiss. ex DC.) 

Font Quer 
Santolina elegans Boiss. ex DC. 
Santolina oblongifolia Boiss. 
Santolina viscosa Lag. 
Scorzonera albicans Coss. 
Senecio alboranicus Maire 
Senecio boissieri DC. 
Senecio carpetanus Boiss . & Reuter 
Senecio elodes Boiss. ex DC. 
Senecio eriopus Willk. 
Senecio minutus (Cav.) DC. 
Senecio nebrodensis L. 
Senecio nevadensis Boiss. S Reuter 
Senecio petraeus Boiss. S Reuter 



R 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

R 

E 

nt 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 

R 

R 

R 

nt 

V 

nt 

nt 

V 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 
nt 

R 

V 

V 

R 

nt 

E 

nt 

nt 

R 

R 

nt 

nt 

nt 

R 



SPAIN 



- 267 



COMPOS ITAE 

Senecio quinqueradiatus Boiss. ex DC. R 

Serratula leucantha (Cav. ) DC. nt 

Serratula pauana Iljin nt 

Sonchus crassifolius Pourret ex Willd. nt 

Staehelina baetica DC. nt 
Streptorhamphus singularis (Wilmott) 

Fernandes Casas R 
CRASSULACEAE 

Sempervi vum nevadense Wale nt 

Sempervivum vicentei Pau nt 
CRUCIFERAE 

Alyssum fastigiatum Heywood E 
Biscutella cuneata (F.Q. ) Font Quer ex 

M.-Laur. R 

Biscutella foliosa Mach.-Laur. R 
Biscutella glacialis (Boiss. & Reuter ) 

Jordan nt 

Biscutella gredensis Guinea R 

Biscutella megacarpaea Boiss. & Reuter R 

Biscutella valentina (L. ) Heywood nt 

Biscutella variegata Boiss. & Reuter R 

Boleum asperum (Pers.) Desvaux V 

Clypeola eriocarpa Cav. K 

Cochlearia aragonensis Coste & Soulie R 

Coronopus navasii Pau E 

Diplotaxis siettiana Maire E 

Draba cantabrica Willk. nt 

Draba dedeana Boiss. & Reuter nt 

Draba hispanica Boiss. nt 

Erucastrum laevigatum (L. ) O.E.Schulz nt 

Erysimum myriophyllum Lange nt 

Euzomodendron bourgaeanum Coss. R 

Guiraoa arvensis Coss. V 
Hormathophylla cadevalliana (Pau) 

T.R.Dudley R 
Hormathophylla longicaulis (Boiss.) 

Cullen & Dudley nt 
Hormathophylla reverchonii (D. s H.) 

Cullen & Dudley R 
Hornungia aragonensis (Loscos & Pardo ) 

Heywood nt 

Hutera leptocarpa Gonz.-Albo V 

Hutera longirostra (Boiss.) Gomez-Campo nt 

Hutera rupestris P. Porta E 

Iberis crenata Lam. nt 

Iberis fontqueri Pau R 

Iberis hegelmaierei Willk. R 

Lepidium cardamines L. E 

Lycocarpus fugax (Lag.) O.E.Schulz nt 

Moricandia foetida Bourg. ex Coss. R 
Moricandia moricandioides (Boiss.) 

Heywood nt 
Ptilotrichum purpureum (Lag. & 

J.D.Rodriguez) Boiss. R 
Rhynchosinapis granatensis (O.E.Schulz) 

Heywood R 



SPAIN 



268 



CRUCIFERAE 

Sisymbrium arundanuiti Boiss • 

Sisymbrium assoanum Loscos & Pardo 

Sisymbrium laxiflorum Boiss. 

Sisymbrium matri tense P. W. Ball & Heywood 

Thlaspi nevadense Boiss. S Reuter 

Thlaspi stenopterum Boiss. S Reuter 

Vella spinosa Boiss. 
DIOSCOREACEAE 

Borderea chouardii (Gaussen) Heslot 
DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia rupicola (Willk.) Szabo 

Pterocephalus spathulatus (Lag.) Coulter 

Scabiosa pulsatilloides Boiss. 

Succisella microcephala (Willk.) Beck 
EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia clavigera Lacaita 

Euphorbia isatidifolia lam. 

Euphorbia minuta Loscos S Pardo 

Euphorbia nevadensis Boiss. & Reuter 

Euphorbia polygalifolia Boiss. & Reuter 
GENTIANACEAE 

Centaurium rigualii Esteve Chueca 

Centaurium triphyllum (W.L. E.Schmidt) 
Melderis 

Gentiana boryi Boiss. 
GERANIACEAE 

Erodium astragaloides Boiss. & Reuter 

ErodiuDi boissieri Coss. 

Erodium carvifolium Boiss. & Reuter 

Erodium cazorlanum Heywood 

Erodium rupestre (Pourret ex Cav. ) 
Guittonn. 

Erodium rupicola Boiss. 

Erodium sanguis-christi Sennen 

Geranium cazorlense Heywood 
GRAMINEAE 

Avenula gervaisii Holub 

Avenula gonzaloi ( Sennen ) Holub 

Avenula levis (Hackel) Holub 

Brachypodium boissieri Nyman 

Elymus curvifolius (Lange) Melderis 

Festuca burnatii St-Yves 

Festuca clementei Boiss. 

Festuca frigida (Hackel) K. Richter 

Festuca pseudeskia Boiss. 

Festuca querana Litard. 

Festuca reverchonii Hackel 

Festuca valentina (St-Yves) 
Markgraf -Dannenberg 

Gaudinia hispanica Stace S Tutin in 
press 

Helictotrichon murcicum Holub 

Helictotrichon sarracenorum (Gandoger) 
Holub 

Holcus caespitosus Boiss. 

Holcus grandiflorus Boiss. & Reuter 



nt 
nt 

nt 

E 

nt 

nt 

nt 



R 
nt 
R 
nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 



R 

nt 

R 
R 
nt 
R 

nt 
R 
R 
R 

K 

K 

K 

R 

nt 

nt 

R 

K 

R 

K 

K 

nt 

K 
K 

K 

nt 
R 



SPAIN 



269 - 



GRAMINEAE 

Koeleria castellana Boiss. & Reuter nt 

Oreochloa confusa (Coincy) Rouy nt 

Stipa apertifolia Martinovsky K 

Stipa celakovskyi Martinovsky K 

Trisetum glaciale (Bory) Boiss. nt 

Trisetum velutinum Boiss. nt 

Vulpia fontquerana Melderis & Stace R 
HYPERICACEAE 

Hypericum caprifolium Boiss. R 
IRIDACEAE 

Iris serotina Willk. R 
LABIATAE 

Lavandula lanata Boiss. nt 

Nepeta beltranii Pau r 

Origanum paui Martinez I 

Salvia candelabrum Boiss. R 

■Salvia valentina Vahl nt 

Satureja obovata Lag. nt 

Sideritis angustifolia Lag. nt 

Sideritis foetens elements ex Lag. nt 

Sideritis glacialis Boiss. nt 

Sideritis ilicifolia Willd. nt 

Sideritis javalambrensis Pau R 

Sideritis lacaitae Font Quer nt 

Sideritis leucantha Cav. nt 

Sideritis ovata Cav. R 

Sideritis reverchonii Willk. R 

Sideritis serrata Cav. ex Lag. R 

Sideritis spinulosa Barnades ex Asso nt 

Sideritis stachydioides Willk. R 

Teucrium aragonense Loscos & Pardo nt 

Teucrium aristatum Perez-Lara R 

Teucrium baeticum Boiss. & Reuter nt 

Teucrium buxifolium Schreber nt 

Teucrium carolipaui C.Viciosa ex Pau nt 

Teucrium carthaginense Lange nt 

Teucrium charidemi Sandwith nt 

Teucrium eriocephalum Willk. nt 

Teucrium fragile Boiss. nt 

Teucrium f ranchetianum (Rouy) Coincy nt 

Teucrium freynii Reverchon ex Willk. nt 

Teucrium gnaphalodes L' Merit. nt 

Teucrium hervieri Briq. & Debeaux nt 

Teucrium hifacense Pau R 

Teucrium intricatum Lange R 

Teucrium libanitis Schreber nt 

Teucrium oxylepis Font Quer nt 

Teucrium pumilum L. nt 

Teucrium thymifolium Schreber nt 

Teucrium turredanum Losa & Rivas Goday R 

Teucrium webbianum Boiss. nt 

Thymus aranjuezii Jalas nt 

Thymus baeticus Boiss. ex Lacaita nt 

Thymus bracteatus Lange ex Cutanda nt 

Thymus granatensis Boiss. nt 

Thymus leptophyllus Lange nt 



SPAIN 



270 - 



LABIATAE 

Thymus longiflorus Boiss . nt 

Thymus loscosii Willk. nt 

Thymus mastigophorus Lacaita nt 

Thymus membranaceus Boiss. nt 

Thymus piperella L. nt 

Thymus serpylloides Bory nt 

Thymus willkommii Ronn. nt 

Ziziphora acinoides L. R 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Adenocarpus argyrophyllus (Rivas Goday ) 

Rivas Martinez nt 

Antliyllis onobrychoides Cav. nt 

Anthyllis ramburii Boiss. nt 

Anthyllis rupestris Coss. R 

Astragalus bourgaeanus Coss. nt 

Astragalus clusii Boiss. lit 

Astragalus giennensis Heywood R 

Astragalus grossii Pau R 

Astragalus hispanicus Coss. ex Bunge nt 

Astragalus tremolsianus Pau R 

Cytisus commutatus (Willk. ) Briq. nt 

Cytisus ingramii Blakelock nt 

Cytisus patens L. nt 
Cytisus reverchonii (Degen & Hervier) 

Bean nt 

Cytisus tribracteolatus Webb nt 

Echinospartum boissieri (Spach) Rothm. nt 

Genista baetica Spach nt 

Genista carpetana Leresche ex Lange nt 

Genista haenseleri Boiss. nt 

Genista pseudopilosa Coss. nt 

Genista pumila (Debeaux et al ) Vierh. nt 

Genista teretifolia Willk. R 
Genista valentina (Willd. ex Sprengel ) 

Steudel 

Hippocrepis squamata (Cav.) Coss. nt 

Hippocrepis valentina Boiss. nt 

Lathyrus tremolsianus Pau nt 

Lotus glareosus Boiss. & Reuter nt 

Onobrychis reuteri Leresche nt 

Onobrychis stenorhiza DC. nt 

Ononis reuteri Boiss. nt 

Ononis saxicola Boiss. & Reuter I 

Ulex canescens Lange nt 

LENTIBULARIACEAE 

Pinguicula nevadensis (Lindb. ) Casper K 

Pinguicula vallisneriifolia Webb R 

LILIACEAE 

Allium chrysonemum Steam in press K 

Allium melananthum Coincy K 

Allium palentintum Losa & Montserrat n^t 

Allium pyrenaicum Costa & Vayr. K 

Allium rouyi Gaut. Ex 

Androcymbium europaeum (Lange) K.Richter K 

Anthericum baeticum (Boiss.) Boiss. nt 

Merendera androcymbioides Valdes R 



nt 



SPAIN 



271 - 



LINACEAE 

Linum ortegae Planchon nt 

LYTHRACEAE 

Lythrum castellanum Gonz.-Albo ex Borja R 

Lythrum flexuosum Lag. V 

MALVACEAE 

Lavatera oblongifolia Boiss. nt 

Malva stipulacea Cav. nt 

OROBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche haenseleri Reuter R 

PAPAVERACEAE 

Papaver suaveolens Lapeyr. nt 
Sarcocapnos baetica (Boiss. & Reuter) 

Nyman nt 
Sarcocapnos integrifolia (Boiss.) 

Cuatrec. R 

PL ANT AG IN AC EAE 

Plantago asperriira (Gandoger) Hervier nt 

Plantago nivalis Boiss. nt 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria colorata Pau R 

Armeria hirta Willd. nt 
Armeria juniperifolia (Vahl) Hof fmanns ♦ 

& Link nt 
Armeria splendens (lag. & J.D.Rodriguez) 

Webb nt 

Armeria trachyphylla Lange nt 

Armeria vestita Willk. nt 

Armeria villosa Girard nt 

Limonium album (Coincy) Sennen R 

Limonium aragonense (Debeaux) Pignatti V 

Limonium caesium (Girard) Kuntze nt 

Limonium calaminare Pignatti ex Pignatti R 
Limonium catalaunicum (Willk. & Costa) 

Pignatti nt 

Limonium coincyi Sennen R 

Limonium costae (Willk.) Pignatti nt 

Limonium densissimum (Pignatti) Pignatti R 

Limonium dichotom\ani (Cav.) Kuntze nt 

Limonium dufourei (Girard) Kuntze nt 

Limonium eugeniae Sennen R 

Limonium furfuraceum (Lag. ) Kuntze nt 

Limonium gibertii (Sennen) Sennen R 

Limonium insigne (Coss. ) Kuntze nt 

Limonium lucentinum Pignatti & Freitag R 

Limonium parvibracteatum Pignatti R 

Limonium supiniam (Girard) Pignatti nt 

POLYGALACEAE 

Polygala edmundii Chodat nt 

Polygala vayredae Costa R 

POLYGONACEAE 

Rumex cantabricus Rech.f. nt 

PRIMULACEAE 

Coris hispanica Lange V 



SPAIN 



272 



RANUNCULACEAE 

Anemone pavoniana Bolss* 

Aquilegia cazorlensis Heywood 

Aquilegia nevadensis Boiss. & Reuter 

Aquilegia paui Font Quer 

Delphinium sordidum Cuatrec. 

Ranunculus acetosellifolius Boiss. 
RESEDACEAE 

Reseda complicata Bory 

Reseda gredensis (Cutanda & Willk.) 
Muell. Arg. 

Sesamoides minus (Lange) Kuntze 

Sesamoides spathulifolium (Revel ex 
Bory) Rothm. 
ROSACEAE 

Cotoneaster granatensis Boiss . 

Potentilla nevadensis Boiss. 

Pminus ramburii Boiss. 
RUBIACEAE 

Asperula asperrima Boiss. 

Asperula pendula Boiss. 

Galium asturiocantabricum Ehrendorfer 

Galium boissieranum Ehrendorfer & Krendl 

Galium brockmannii Briq. 

Galium erythrorrhizon Boiss. & Reuter 

Galivun idubedae (Pau) Pau ex Ehrendorfer 

Galium murcicum Boiss. S Reuter 

Galium pruinosum Boiss. 

Galium pulvinatum Boiss. 

Galium rosellum (Boiss.) Boiss. S Reuter 

Galium valentinum Lange 

Galiiom viridiflorum Boiss. S Reuter 
SALICACEAE 

Salix cantabrica Rech.f. 

Salix tarraconensis Pau 
SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga biternata Boiss. 

Saxifraga boissieri Engl. 

Saxifraga camposii Boiss. S Reuter 

Saxifraga canaliculata Boiss. & Reuter 
ex Engl. 

Saxifraga conifera Coss. & Durieu 

Saxifraga erioblasta Boiss . S Reuter 

Saxifraga gemmulosa Boiss. 

Saxifraga haenseleri Boiss. & Reuter 

Saxifraga latepetiolata Willk. 

Saxifraga moncayensis D.A.Webb 

Saxifraga nevadensis Boiss. 

Saxifraga reuterana Boiss. 

Saxifraga rigoi P. Porta 

Saxifraga trifurcata Schrader 

Saxifraga vayredana Luizet 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Antirrhinum ambiguum Lange 

Antirrhinum australe Rothm. 

Antirrhinum charidemi Lange 

Antirrhinum grosii Font Quer 



nt 

E 

nt 

R 

R 

nt 



nt 
R 



nt 

K 

R 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 

nt 

V 

nt 
R 

R 
R 
nt 

nt 

R 

K 

R 

nt 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

nt 

R 

nt 
nt 
R 
R 



SPAIN 



273 



SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Antirrhinum hispanicum Chav. nt 

Antirrhinum microphyllum Rothm. R 

Antirrhinum pertegasii Rothm. R 

Antirrhinum pulverulentum Lazaro R 

Antirrhinum valentinmn Font Quer nt 

Chaenorhinum degenii Lacaita nt 

Chaenorhinum glareosum (Boiss.) Willk. R 

Chaenorhinum grandiflorum (Coss. ) Willk. nt 
Chaenorhinum macropodum (Boiss. & 

Reuter ) Lange nt 

Chaenorhinum robustum Loscos nt 

Chaenorhinum tenellum (Cav. ) Lange R 

Digitalis parviflora Jacq. nt 

Euphrasia willkommii Freyn nt 

Lafuentea rotundifolia Lag. nt 

Linaria amoi Campo ex Amo r 

Linaria anticaria Boiss. & Reuter nt 

Linaria badalii Willk. nt 

Linaria cavanillesii Chav. nt 

Linaria clementei Haenseler ex Boiss. R 

Linaria depauperata Leresche ex Lange nt 

Linaria faucicola Leresche & Levier R 

Linaria glacialis Boiss* r 

Linaria glauca (L. ) Chaz. nt 

Linaria huteri Lange r 

Linaria lilacina Lange nt 

Linaria nigricans Lange r 

Linaria nivea Boiss. & Reuter nt 

Linaria oligantha Lange nt 

Linaria platycalyx Boiss. R 

Linaria propinqua Boiss. & Reuter nt 

Linaria verticillata Boiss. nt 

Melampyrum catalaunicum Freyn nt 

Odontites granatensis Boiss. R 

Odontites kaliformis (Pourret) Pau nt 
Pedicularis schizocalyx (I^nge) 

Steininger nt 

Scrophularia oblongifolia Merino R 

Scrophularia sciophila Willk. nt 

Verbascum hervieri Degen R 

Vsrbascum laciniatum (Poiret) Kuntze R 

Verbascum nevadense Boiss. R 

Veronica aragonensis Stroh nt 

Veronica chamaepithyoides Lam. nt 

Veronica mampodrensis Losa & Montserrat nt 

Veronica tenuifolia Asso nt 
SELAGINACEAE 

Globularia spinosa L. nt 

Globularia valentina Willk. nt 
THYMELAEACEAE 

Thymelaea coridifolia (Lam.) Endl. nt 

Thymelaea elliptica (Boiss. ) Endl. nt 

Thymelaea ruizii Loscos ex Casav. nt 

Thymelaea subrepens Lange nt 

Thymelaea thesioides (lam. ) Endl. nt 



SPAIN 



274 



UMBELLIFERAE 

Bupleurum bourgaei Boiss. & Reuter 

Conopodium bunioides (Boiss.) Calest. 

Conopodium thalictrifolium (Boiss.) 
Calest. 

Endressia castellana Coincy 

Eryngium juresianum (M.Lainz) M.Lainz 

Ferulago granatensis Boiss. 

Guillonea scabra (Cav. ) Coss. 

Laserpitium eliasii Sennen & Pau 

Laserpitium longiradium Boiss. 

Pimpinella gracilis (Boiss.) H.Wolff 

Pimpinella procumbens (Boiss. ) H.Wolff 

Seseli cantabricum Lange 

Seseli granatense Willk. 

Seseli intricatum Boiss. 

Seseli vayredanum Font Quer 
VALERIANACEAE 

Valeriana longiflora Willk. 

Valerianella divaricata Lange 

Valerianella martinii Loscos 
VIOLACEAE 

Viola cazorlensis Gandoger 

Viola crassiuscula Bory 

Viola willkommii R.de Roemer 



V 
nt 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 

nt 

nt 

E 

nt 

R 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

nt 

R 

nt 

R 

nt 

nt 



DOUBTFULLY ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
GENTIANACEAE 

Centaurivmi linariifolium (Lam. ) Beck 
GRAMINEAE 

Avenula pungens (Sennen ex St. -Yves) 
Holub 
THYMELAEACEAE 

Thymelaea pubescens (L. ) Meissner 



nt 

K 

nt 



NON-ENDIMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPIDIACEAE 

Diplazium caudatum (Cav. ) Jenny 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium hemionitis L. 
HYMENOPHYLLACEAE 

Trichomanes speciosum Willd. 
ISOETACEAE 

Isoetes brochonii Motelay 
MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. 
Marsilea strigosa Willd. 
Pilularia globulifera L. 



Vv^ 

Ev 
V 

I 
R' 



E 
V 
V 

V 

V 
V 
V 



SPAIN 



- 275 - 



PSILOTACEAE 

Psilotum nudum (L. ) Beauv. 
PTERIDACEAE 

Pteris serrulata Forssk. 
THELYPTERIDACEAE 

Christella dentata (Forssk.) Brownsey & 
Jenny 



E 
E 



GYMNOSPERMAE 
CUPRESSACEAE 

Tetraclinis articulata (Vahl) Mast. 
PINACEAE 

Abies pinsapo Boiss . 



V 
R 



V 
R 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

ALISMATACEAE 

Damasonium minimum Lange V V 

Luronium natans (L. ) Raf . R v 

AMARYLLIDACEAE 

Narcissus viridiflorus Schousboe V^ V 

ASCLEPIADACEAE 

Caralluma europaea (Guss.) N.E.Brown R v 
Caralluma munbyana (Decaisne) N.E.Brown I^ I 

BALANOPHORACEAE 

Cynomorium coccineum L. R I 

BORAGINACEAE 

Buglossoides gastonii (Benth.) 

I.M.Johnston V 

Elizaldia calycina (Roemer & 

J.A.Schultes ) Maire E E 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula jaubertiana Timb.-Lagr. R r 

CAPRIFOLIACEAE 

Lonicera biflora Desf. r r 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria controversa Boiss . R V 

Arenaria hispida L. IV 

Arenaria pungens Clemente ex Lag. R r 

Dianthus gallicus Pers. V- V 

Dianthus pungens L. V v 

Silene hifacensis Rouy ex Willk. I ,, i 

Silene macrorhiza Gay S Durieu ex 

I^caita R R 

Spergularia fimbriate Boiss. R. r 

CHENOPODIACEAE 

Anabasis articulata (Forssk.) Moq. R r 

Halopeplis amplexicaulis (Vahl) 

Ung.-Sternb. E^ V 

Microcnemum coralloides (Loscos & Pardo) 

Font Quer V V 

Salsola webbii Moq. R R 

CISTACEAE 

Cistus heterophyllus Desf. E e 

Helianthemum viscarium Boiss. & Reuter R- r 



SPAIN 



276 - 



COMPOS ITAE 

Anthemis chrysantha Gay R ' R 

Anthemis tuberculata Boiss. R R 

Carduus myriacanthus Salzm. ex DC. E E 

Centaurea diluta Alton R R 

Centaurea exarata Boiss. ex Coss. R R 

Centaurea procumbens Balb. VC R 

Centaurea schousboei lange R - R 

Crepis tingitana Ball R R 

Filago duriaei Coss. ex Lange I^ I 

Filago mareotica Delile R . R 

Inula helvetica Weber '^ V 

Lasiopogon muscoides (Desf . ) DC. R R 

Leucanthemum arundanum (Boiss.) Cuatrec. R R 

Leuzea rhaponticoides Graells R R 
Nolletia chrysocomoides (Desf.) Cass, ex 

Less. £■"' E 
Phalacrocarpum hoffmannseggii (G.San^.) 

M.Lainz R R 

Picris willkonmii (Schultz Hip.) Nyman I I 

Senecio auricula Borgeau ex Coss. Vs V 

Senecio lopezii Boiss. R V 

Solidago macrorrhiza Lange I, I 

Sonchus pustulatus Willk. R R 

CONVOLVULACEAE 

Cuscuta triumvirati Lange R . R 

CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum aetnense Tineo R , V 

CRUCIFERAE 

Diplotaxis ibicensis (Pau) Gomez-Can^)© V V 

Murbeclciella boryi (Boiss.) Rothm. R R 

Sisymbrixun supinxnn L. ?^ V 

Vella pseudocytisus L. V^ V 

CyPERACEAE 

Carex camposii Boiss. S Reuter V^ V 

Carex durieui Steudel V V 

Carex grioletii Roemer Ex^ V 

Carex trinervis Degl. ex Loisel. 7^ V 

DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia nevadensis (M.Winkler ex Szabo) 

Szabo R R 

Scabiosa turolensis Pau ex Willk. ^> ^ 

ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. I 

EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia clementei Boiss. Rv R 

Euphorbia medicaginea Boiss. R ^ R 

Mercurialis reverchonii Rouy R , R 

GENTIANACEAE 

Centaurium chloodes (Brot. ) G.Samp R R 

GERANIACEAE 

Erodium guttatum (Desf.) Willd. Iv I 

Geranium cataractarum Coss. R. R 



SPAIN 



277 



GRAMINEAE 

Ammochloa palaestina Boiss. 

Avenula delicatula Franco 

Corynephorus macrantherus Boiss. & 
Reuter 

Deschampsia setacea (Huds.) Hackel 

Ermeapogon persicus Boiss. 

Eragrostis papposa (Dufour) Steudel 

Poa flaccidula Boiss. & Reuter 
LAB I AT AE 

Moluccella spinosa L. 

Origanum compactum Benth. 

Rosmarinus eriocalix Jordan & Fourr. 

Salvia blancoana Webb & Heldr. 

Sideritis grandiflora Sal23n. ex Benth. 

Stachys brachyclada De Noe ex Cosson 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Anthyllis henoniana Coss. ex Battand. 

Astragalus algarbiensis Coss. ex Bunge 

Astragalus longidentatus Chater 

Astragalus polyactinus Boiss. 

Genista ramosissima (Desf.) Poiret 

Hippocrepis salzmanii Boiss. s Reuter 

Ononis cossoniana Boiss. & Reuter 

Ononis filicaulis Salzm. ex Boiss. 

Vicia argentea Lapeyr. 
LILIACEAE 

Lilium pomponiuin L. 

Scilla odorata Link ^ 

LORANTHACEAE 

Viscum cruciatum Sieber ex Boiss. R I 

MALVACEAE 

Althaea longiflora Boiss. & Reuter R R 

Lavatera mauritanica Durieu E V 

NYCTAGINACEAE 

Commi carpus plvimbagineus (Cav. ) Standley R R 
ORCH IDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. \^ V 

OROBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche trichocalyx (Webb & Berthel.) 

Beck R R 

PAPAVERACEAE 

Ceratocapnos heterocarpa Durieu R R 

Fumaria reuteri Boiss. V V 

Papaver rupifragum Boiss. S Reuter V V 

Platycapnos saxicola Willk. R R 

Rupicapnos af ricana (Lam. ) Pomel Eu E 

PLANTAGINACEAE 

Plantago notata Lag. R R 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria eriophylla Willk. ?». R 

POLYGONACEAE 

Rumex rupestris Le Gall IV V 



R ^ 


R 


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R 


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V 
R 



SPAIN 



- 278 



PRIMULACEAE 

ftndrosace ciliata DC. 

Androsace cylindrica DC. 

Androsace pyrenaica Lam. 

Soldanella villosa Darracq 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Delphinium montanum DC . 

Garidella nigellastrum L. 
RESEDACEAE 

Reseda decursiva Forssk. 
ROSACEAE 

Geum heterocarpum Boiss . 

Potentilla multifida L. 
RUBIACEAE 

Galium ephedroides Willk. 

Galiiim nevadense Boiss. & Reuter 
SALICACEAE 

Salix bicolor Willd. 
SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga nervosa lapeyr. 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Bartsia spicata Ramond 

Linaria arenaria DC. 

Lindernia procumbens (Krocker ) Philcox 

Pedicularis asparagoides Lapeyr. 

Scrophularia arguta Aiton 

Veronica rosea Desf. 
SOLANACEAE 

Atropa baetica Willk. 
TAMARICACEAE 

Tamarix boveana Bunge 
TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Angelica pachycarpa Lange 

Apivim repens ( Jacq. ) Lag. 

Bupleurum acutifolium Boiss . 

Bupleunim foliosum Salzm. ex DC. 

Eryngivim vivipartun Gay 

Hohenackeria exscapa (Steven) Koso-Polj. 

Petroselinum segetum (L. ) Koch 
VIOLACEAE 

Viola langeana Valentine 
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE 

Zygophyllvun album L.f . 



R ' 
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C 



SPAIN 



279 



SPAIN - BALEARIC ISLANDS 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 



ARISTOLOCHIACEAE 

Aristolochia bianorii Sennen & Pau nt 

COMPOS ITAE 

Centaurea balearica J.D.Rodriguez E 

Crepis triasii (Cambess. ) Nyman nt 

Helichrysioin ambiguum ( Pers . ) C.Presl nt 

launaea cervicornis (Boiss.) Font Quer S 

Rothm. nt 

Senecio rodriguezii Willk. ex 

J.D.Rodriguez nt 

CRUCIFERAE 

Brassica balearica Pers. R 

CYPERACEAE 

Carex rorulenta P. Porta nt 

EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia maresii Knoche R 

GENTIANACEAE 

Centaurium enclusense O.Bolos et al. R 

GERANIACEAE 

Erodium reichardii (Murray) DC. nt 

GRAMINEAE 

Avenula crassifolia (Font Quer) Holub R 

HYPERICACEAE 

Hypericum balearicum L. nt 

Hypericum hircinum L. ssp. cambessedesii 

(Mares S Vigineix ) Sauvage V 

IRIDACEAE 

Crocus cambessedesii Gay nt 

LABIATAE 

Phlomis italica L. nt 

Scutellaria balearica Bare. R 

Teucrium asiaticum L. nt 

Teucriiom cossonii D.Wood nt 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus balearicus Chater nt 

Genista dorycnifolia Font Quer R 

Genista lucida Cambess. nt 

Hippocrepis balearica Jacq. nt 

Lotus tetraphyllus L. nt 

Vicia bifoliolata J.D.Rodriguez R 

LILIACEAE 

Allium grosii Font Quer V 

PAEONIACEAE 

Paeonia cambessedesii (Willk.) Willk. V 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium biflorum (Pignatti) Pignatti R 

Limonium caprariense (Font Quer & 

Marcos ) Pignatti nt 

Limonium inarimense (Guss.) Pignatti 

ssp. ebusitanum (Font Quer) Pignatti nt 
Limonium majoricum Pignatti R 

Limonium minutiflorum (Guss.) Kuntze 

ssp. balearicum Pignatti nt 

BALEARIC ISLANDS 



280 - 



PLUMBAG IN ACEAE 

Limonium oleifolium Miller ssp. 
pseudodictyocladum (Pignatti) 

Pignatti r 

PRIMULACEAE 

Lysimachia minoricensis J.D.Rodrignez Ex 

Primula vulgaris Huds. ssp. balearica 

(Willk.) W.W.Smith & Forrest V 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Helleborus lividus Alton V 

Ranunculus weyleri Mares E 

RUB I ACEAE 

Galium balearicum Briq. R 

Galium crespianum Rodriguez nt 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Chaenorhinum rubrifolium (Robill. et 
al. ) Fourr. ssp. fonnenterae 

(Gandoger) R.Femandes R 

Cymbalaria aequitriloba (Viv. ) A.Chev. 
ssp. fragilis (J.D.Rodriguez) 

D.A.Webb r 

Digitalis dubia J.D.Rodriguez R 

Sibthorpia africana L. nt 

SELAGINACEAE 

Globularia Ccunbessedesii Willk. R 

THYMELAEACEAE 

Daphne rodriguezii Texidor E 

Thymelaea myrtifolia (Poiret) D.A.Webb R 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Bupleurum barceloi Coss. ex Willk. R 

Ligusticum lucidum Miller ssp. huteri 

(P. Porta & G.Rigo) O.Bolos R 

Naufraga balearica Constance & Cannon V 

Pastinaca lucida L. nt 

Pimpinella bicknellii Briq. V 

VIOLACEAE 

Viola jaubertiana Mares & Vigineix E 

NON-ENDEMIC TAXA COUNTRY REGIONAL 

CATEGORY CATEGORY 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus rupicola Biv. r- v 

Silene hifacensis Rouy ex Willk. E. I 

CRUCIFERAE 

Diplotaxis ibicensis (Pau) Gomez-Campo R v 

Hymenolobus procumbens (L. ) Nutt. ex 

Torrey & A.Gray K i 

EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia medicaginea Boiss. r 

LABIATAE 

Stachys brachyclada De Noe ex Cosson V 

Thymus richardii Pers. V 



BALEARIC ISLANDS 



281 



PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium ramosissimum (Poiret) Maire 
ssp. provinciale (Pignatti) Pignatti 
TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. 






BALEARIC ISLANDS 



- 282 - 

SPAIN - CANARY ISLANDS 
ENDEMIC TAXA 

PTERIDOPHYTA 



ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium terorense Kunkel K 

GYMNOSPERMAE 
PINACEAE 

Pinus canariensis C.Smith ex DC. nt 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

ACANTHACEAE 

Justicia hyssopifolia L. R 

AMARANTHACEAE 

Bosea yervamora L. nt 

AMARYLLIDACEAE 

Pancratium canariense Ker-Gawl. R 

AQUIFOLIACEAE 

Ilex perado Aiton ssp. lopezlilloi 

(Kunkel) Hansen & Sunding K 

Ilex platyphylla Webb S Berthel. E 

ARACEAE 

Dracunculus canariensis Kunth V 

ASCLEPIADACEAE 

Caralluma burchardii N.E.Brown V 

Ceropegia ceratophora Svent. V 

Ceropegia chrysantha Svent. I 

Ceropegia dichotoma Haw. R 

Ceropegia fusca Bolle R 

Ceropegia hians Svent. R 

Ceropegia krainzii Svent. V 

BORAGINACEAE 

Echium acanthocarpum Svent. V 

Echium aculeatum Poiret nt 

Echium auberianum Webb & Berthel. E 

Echium bonnetii Coincy R 

Echium brevirame Sprague & Hutch. nt 

Echium callithyrsum Webb ex Bolle V 

Echium decaisnei Webb nt 

Echium gentianoides Webb ex Coincy E 

Echium giganteum L.f. V 

Echium handiense Svent. E 

Echium hierrense Webb ex Bolle R 
Echium leucophaeum Webb ex Sprague S 

Hutch. R 

Echium onosmifolium Webb nt 

Echium pininana Webb & Berthel. E 

Echium pitardii A.Chev. ex D.Bramwell nt 

Echium simplex DC. V 

Echium strictum L.f. nt 

Echium sventenii D.Bramwell R 

Echium triste Svent. nt 

Echium virescens DC. r 

Echium webbii Coincy R 
Echium wildpretii H. H.W.Pearson ex 

Hook . f . V 



CANARY ISLANDS 



2b3 - 



BORAGINACEAE 

Messerschmidia fruticosa L.f. nt 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Canarina canariensis (L. ) Vatke V 
CAPRIFOLIACEAE 

Sambucus palmensis Link E 
Viburnum tinus L. ssp. rigiduiti (Vent.) 

P.Silva R 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Bufonia teneriffae Christ V 

Cerastium sventenii Jalas V 

Dicheranthus plocamoides Webb R 

Herniaria canariensis Chaudhri V 

Herniaria hartungi Pari. K 
Minuartia platyphylla (Gay ex Christ) 

McNeill R 

Minuartia webbii McNeill & D.Bramwell R 

Paronychia canariensis (L.f.) Juss. nt 
Paronychia capitata (L. ) Lam. ssp. 

canariensis (Chaudhri) Sunding nt 
Paronychia gomerensis (Burchard) Svent. 

& D.Bramwell r 

Polycarpaea arista ta C.Smith nt 

Polycarpaea carnosa C.Smith ex Buch R 

Polycarpaea divaricata (Aiton) Poiret nt 

Polycarpaea latifolia Willd. K 

Polycarpaea robusta (Pitard) Kunkel K 

Polycarpaea smithii Link V 

Polycarpaea tenuis Webb ex Christ R 

Silene berthelotiana Webb R 

Silene bourgeaui Webb ex Christ R 

Silene canariensis Willd. I 

Silene lagunensis C.Smith V 

Silene nocteolens Webb & Berthel. R 
Silene pogonocalyx (Svent. ) D.Bramwell 

in press R 

Silene sabinosae Pitard R 

Spergularia bourgeaui Lebel K 
CELASTRACEAE 

Maytenus canariensis (Loes.) Kunkel S 

Sunding R 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Chenopodium coronopus Moq. nt 
Patellifolia webbiana (Moq.) S. F.-L. & 

W. K 
CISTACEAE 

Cistus osbeckiifolius Webb ex Christ E 

Cistus symphytifolius Lam. nt 

Helianthemum bystropogophyllum Svent. E 

Helianthemum teneriffae Coss. V 

Helianthemum tholiforme D.Bramwell & al. V 

Helianthemum thymiphyllum Svent. R 
CNEORACEAE 

Neochamaelea pulverulenta (Vent.) 

Erdtman V 



CANARY ISLANDS 



284 



COMPOS ITAE 

Allagopappus dichotomus (L.f . ) Cass. 
Allagopappus viscosissimus Bolle 
Andryala cheiranthifolia L'Herit. 
Andryala pinnatifida Alton 
Andryala webbii Schultz Bip. ex Christ 
Argyranthemum adauctum (Link) Humphries 
Argyranthemum broussonetii (Pers.) 

Humphries 
Argyranthemum callichrysum (Svent. ) 

Humphries 
Argyranthemum coronopifolium (Willd. ) 

Humphries 
Argyranthemum escarrei (Svent. ) 

Humphries 
Argyranthemum filifolium (Schultz Bip.) 

Humphries 
Argyranthemum foeniculaceum (Willd. ) 

Webb ex Schultz Bip. 
Argyranthemum frutescens (L. ) Schultz 

Bip. 
Argyranthemum gracile Schultz Bip. 
Argyranthemum haouarytheum Humphries & 

D.Bramwell 
Argyranthemum hierrense Humphries 
Argyranthemum lemsii Humphries 
Argyranthemvim lidii Humphries 
Argyranthemum maderense (D.Don) 

Humphries 
Argyranthemum sventenii Humphries S 

Aldridge 
Argyranthemxim tenerlfae Humphries 
Argyranthemum webbii Schultz Bip. 
Argyranthemum winteri (Svent. ) Humphries 
Artemisia ramosa C.Smith ex Link 
Artemisia thuscula Cav. 
Asteriscus intermedius (DC. ) Pitard & 

Proust 
Asteriscus schultzii (Bolle) Pitard & 

Proust 
Asteriscus sericeus (L.f. ) DC. 
Asteriscus stenophyllus (Link) Kuntze 
Atractylis arbuscula Svent. & Michaelis 
Atractylis preauxiana Schultz Bip. 
Babcockia platylepis (Webb) Boulos 
Carduus baeocephalus Webb 
Carduus bourgeaui Kazmi 
Carduus clavulatus Link 
Carlina canariensis Pitard 
Carlina falcata Svent. 
Carlina xeranthemoides L.f. 
Cheirolophus arboreus (Webb ) Holub 
Cheirolophus arbutifolius (Svent.) 

Kunkel 
Cheirolophus argutus (Nees) Holub 
Cheirolophus canariensis (Brouss. ex 

Willd. ) Holub 



nt 
nt 
K 

nt 

R 

nt 

V 

V 

V 

R 

nt 

R 

nt 
nt 

nt 
V 

I 
E 



V 

nt 

R 

E 

R 

nt 

nt 

E 

nt 

nt 

E 

E 

nt 

V 

V 

nt 

nt 

K 

R 



V 
R 



CANARY ISLANDS 



- 285 - 



COMPOS IT AE 

Cheirolophus duranii (Burchard) Holub E 

Cheirolophus ghomerythus (Svent. ) Holub V 

Cheirolophus junonianus (Svent. ) Holub E 
Cheirolophus satarataensis (Svent.) 

Holub V 

Cheirolophus sventenii (Santos) Kunkel V 

Cheirolophus tagananensis (Svent. ) Holub E 
Cheirolophus webbianus (Schultz Bip. ) 

Holub V 

Crepis canariensis (Schultz Bip.) Babe. V 

Gnaphalium teydeum Knapp K 

Gonospermum canariense Less. nt 

Gonospermum elegans (Cass.) DC. R 

Gonospermum fruticosum (Buch) Less. nt 

Gonospermum gomerae Bolle V 

Helichrysum gossypinum Webb V 
Helichrysum monogynum B.L.Burtt a 

Sunding E 
Hypochoeris oligocephala (Svent. & 

D.Bramwell) Lack E 

Ifloga obovata Bolle I 

Kleinia neriifolia Haw. nt 

Lactuca herbanica Burchard I 

Lactuca palmensis Bolle V 
lactucosonchus webbii (Schultz Bip.) 

Svent. R 

Leuzea cynaroides (Link) Font Quer E 

Lugoa revoluta DC. E 

Onopordum carduelinvun Bolle I 

Onopordum nogalesii Svent. V 

Phagnalon mnbelliforme DC. R 

Prenanthes pendula Schultz Bip. nt 

Pulicaria burchardii Hutch. E 

Pulicaria canariensis Bolle E 
Reichardia crystallina (Schultz Bip.) 

D.Bramwell r 

Reichardia famarae D.Bramwell & Kunkel V 

Schizogyne glaberrima DC. nt 
Senecio appendiculatus (L.f.) Schultz 

Bip. V 

Senecio bollei Sunding & Kunkel V 
Senecio cruentus (Masson ex L'Herit. ) 

DC. nt 

Senecio echinatus (L.f.) DC. nt 

Senecio hadrosomus Svent. E 

Senecio hansenii Kunkel K 

Senecio heritieri DC. nt 

Senecio hermosae Pitard E 

Senecio hillebrandii Christ K 
Senecio multiflorus (L'Herit. ) Schultz 

Bip. V 

Senecio murrayi Bornm. R 

Senecio palmensis (C.Smith ex Nees ) Link R 

Senecio papyraceus DC. nt 

Senecio steetzii Bolle R 

Senecio tussilaginis (L'Herit. ) Less. nt 



CANARY ISLANDS 



286 



COMPOS IT AE 

Senecio webbii (Schultz Bip. ) Christ 

Sonchus acaulis Dun. Cours. 

Sonchus bornnruelleri Pitard 

Sonchus bourgeaui Schultz Bip. 

Sonchus brachylobus Webb & Berthel. 

Sonchus canariensis (Schultz Bip. ) 
Boulos 

Sonchus congestus Willd. 

Sonchus fauces -ore i Knoche 

Sonchus gandogeri Pitard 

Sonchus gonzalezpadronii Svent. 

Sonchus guitimifer Link 

Sonchus hierrensis (Pitard) Boulos 

Sonchus imbricatus Svent. 

Sonchus ortunoi Svent. 

Sonchus palmensis (Schultz Bip.) Boulos 

Sonchus pitardii Boulos 

Sonchus radicatus Alton 

Sonchus tectifolius Svent. 

Sonchus tuberifer Svent. 

Sventenia bupleuroides Font Quer 

Taeckholmia arborea (DC. ) Boulos 

Taeckholmia canariensis Boulos 

Taeckholmia capillaris (Svent. ) Boulos 

Taeckholmia microcarpa Boulos 

Taeckholmia pinnata (L.f.) Boulos 

Taeckholmia regis- jubae (Pitard) Boulos 

Tanacetum ferulaceum (Webb) Schultz Bip. 

Tanacetum ptarmiciflorum (Webb) Schultz 

Bip. 

Tolpis coronopifolia (Desf . ) Biv. 

Tolpis crassiuscula Svent. 

Tolpis glabrescens Kammer 

Tolpis laciniata Webb 

Tolpis lagopoda C.Smith 

Tolpis webbii Schultz Bip. 

Vieraea laevigata (Brouss. ex Willd.) 

Webb 

Volutaria bollei (S.B. ex Bolle ) Hans. & 

Kunk. 

CONVOLVULACEAE 

Convolvulus canariensis L. 

Convolvulus diversifolius Mendoza-Heuer 

Convolvulus floridus L.f. 

Convolvulus fruticulosus Desr. 

Convolvulus glandulosus (Webb) Hallier 

Convolvulus lopez-socasi Svent. 

Convolvulus perraudieri Coss . 

Convolvulus scoparius L.f. 

Convolvulus subauriculatus (Burchard) 

Lindinger 

CRASSULACEAE 

Aeonium balsamiferum Webb S Berthel. 

Aeonium canariense (L. ) Webb & Berthel. 

Aeonium castello-paivae Bolle 

Aeonium ciliatum (Willd.) Webb S 
Berthel. 



nt 

R 

E 

V 

R 

V 

nt 

R 

V 

R 

V 

nt 

V 

R 

nt 

K 

nt 

V 

R 

V 

R 

R 

R 

V 

nt 

nt 

R 

E 

nt 

V 

I 

nt 

nt 

nt 



K 

V 
V 
K 

R 

nt 

E 

V 

nt 



V 

nt 

nt 

nt 



CANARY ISLANDS 



- 2C7 



CRASSULACEAE 

Aeoniuiii cuneatum Webb & Berthel. V 

Aeonium decorum Webb ex Bolle nt 

Aeonium gomeraense Praeger V 

Aeonium goochiae Webb & Berthel. nt 
Aeonium haworthii Salm-Ciyck ex Webb & 

Berthel. R 
Aeonium hierrense (R.P.Murray) Pitard & 

Proust nt 

Aeonixim holochrysum Webb & Berthel. nt 

Aeonium lancerottense (Praeger) Praeger R 

Aeonium lindleyi Webb & Berthel. nt 

Aeonium longithyrsum (Burchard) Svent. nt 

Aeonium manriqueorxjm Bolle nt 

Aeonium nobile Praeger V 

Aeonium palmense Webb ex Christ nt 

Aeonium percameum (R. P. Murray) Pitard nt 

Aeonium rubrolineatum Svent. R 

Aeonium saundersii Bolle E 
Aeonium sedifolium (Webb ex Bolle) Pit. 

5 Proust V 
Aeonium simsii (Sweet) Stearn nt 
Aeonium smithii (Sims) Webb & Berthel. V 
Aeonium spathulatum (Homem. ) Praeger nt 
Aeonium subplanum Praeger nt 
Aeonium tabuliforme (Haw.) Webb. S 

Berthel. R 

Aeonium undulatum Webb S Berthel. nt 
Aeonium urbicum (C.Sm. ex Buch ) Webb & 

Berth . nt 

Aeonium valverdense Praeger nt 

Aeonium vestitum Svent. R 

Aeonium virgineum Webb ex Christ R 

Aeoniiim viscatum Webb ex Bolle nt 

Aichryson bethencourtianum Bolle R 

Aichryson bollei Webb ex Bolle R 

Aichryson brevipetalum Praeger V 

Aichryson gonzalezhernandezii Kunkel K 

Aichryson laxum (Haw. ) D.Brainwell nt 

Aichryson pachycaulon Bolle R 

Aichryson palmense Webb ex Bolle R 

Aichryson parlatorei Bolle nt 

Aichryson porphyrogennetos Bolle R 
Aichryson punctatum (C.Sm. ex Buch) Webb 

6 Berth. nt 
Aichryson tortuosum (Alton) Webb & 

Berthel. nt 

Greenovia aizoon Bolle V 
Greenovia aurea (C.Sm. ex Horn.) Webb & 

Berth . nt 

Greenovia diplocycla Webb ex Bolle nt 
Greenovia dodrentalis (Willd. ) Webb & 

Berthel. V 

Monanthes adenoscepes Svent. E 

Monanthes amydros Svent. R 

Monanthes anagensis Praeger V 
Monanthes brachycaulon (Webb & Berthel. ) 

Lowe nt 



CANARY ISLANDS 



- 288 



CRASSULACEAE 

Monanthes dasyphylla Svent. 
Monanthes icterica (Webb ex Bolle) 

Praeger 
Monanthes laxiflora (DC. ) Bolle 
Monanthes minima Bolle 

Monanthes muralis (Webb ex Bolle ) Christ 
Monanthes niphophila Svent. 
Monanthes pa liens Webb ex Christ 
Monanthes polyphylla Haw. 
Monanthes praegeri D.Bramwell 
Monanthes purpurascens (Bolle & Webb) 

Christ 
Monanthes silensis (Praeger) Svent. 
Monanthes subcrassicaulis (Kuntze) 

Praeger 
Sedum lancerottense R. P.Murray 
CRUCIFERAE 

Brassica bourgeaui (Webb ex Christ) 

Kuntze 
Crambe arborea Webb ex Christ 
Crambe gigantea (Ceball. S Ortuno) 

D.Bramwell 
Crambe gomeraea Webb ex Christ 
Crambe laevigata DC. ex Christ 
Crambe pritzelii Bolle 
Crambe scaberrima Webb ex D.Bramwell 
Crcunbe scoparia Svent. 
Crambe strigosa L'Herit. 
Crambe sventenii B.Petters. ex Bramw. S 

Sunding 
Descurainia artemisioides Svent. 
Descurainia bourgeauana (Fourn.) 

O.E.Schulz 
Descurainia galianoi D.Bramwell 
Descurainia gilva Svent. 
Descurainia gonzalezii Svent. 
Descurainia lemsii D.Bramwell 
Descurainia millefolia ( Jacq. ) Webb & 

Berthel. 
Descurainia preauxiana (Webb) O.E.Schulz 
Erucastrum canariense Webb & Berthel. 
Erysimum scoparium (Brouss. ex Willd. ) 

Wettst. 
Lobularia palmensis Webb ex Christ 
Parolinia filifolia Kunkel 
Parolinia intermedia Svent. & D.Bramwell 
Parolinia ornata Webb 
Parolinia platypetala Kunkel 
Parolinia schizogynoides Svent. 
Sinapidendron palmense (Kuntze ) 

O.E.Schulz 
CUCURBITACEAE 

Bryonia verrucosa Dryander 



Ex 

nt 
nt 
K 

R 
V 
R 
R 
nt 

K 

R 

nt 
nt 



E 
E 

V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
V 
nt 

E 
R 

nt 

K 

R 

V 

nt 

nt 
nt 
nt 

K 

nt 

K 

V 

nt 

K 

R 

I 

nt 



CANARY ISLANDS 



289 - 



CYPERACEAE 

Carex calderae A.Hansen V 

Carex canariensis Kukenthal V 

Carex perraudieriana Gay ex Bornm. V 

Cyperus teneriffae Poiret R 

DIPSACACEAE 

Pterocephalus dumetorum (Brouss. ex 

Willd. ) Coulter nt 

Pterocephalus lasiospermus Link ex Buch nt 

Pterocephalus porphyranthus Svent. V 

Pterocephalus virens Berthel. E 

ERICACEAE 

Arbutus canariensis Veillard ex Duhamel V 

EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia aphylla Brouss. ex Willd. nt 
Euphorbia atropurpurea (Brouss.) Webb & 

Berthel . nt 

Euphorbia berthelotii Bolle nt 

Euphorbia bourgeauana Gay ex Boiss . V 

Euphorbia bravoana Svent. V 

Euphorbia canariensis L. nt 

Euphorbia handiensis Burchard E 

Euphorbia lambii Svent. V 

GENTIANACEAE 

Ixanthus viscosus Griseb. V 

GERANIACEAE 

Geranium canariense Reuter R 

GRAMINEAE 

Arrhenatherum calderae A.Hansen R 

Avena canariensis Baum & al. R 

Brachypodium arbuscula Knoche R 

Festuca agustini Lindinger R 

Melica teneriffae Hackel ex Christ R 

HYPERICACEAE 

Hypericum reflexum L.f. nt 

IRIDACEAE 

Romulea columnae Sebast. S Mauri ssp. 

hartungii (Pari. ) Kunkel R 

JUNCACEAE 

Luzula canariensis Poiret V 

LABIATAE 

Bystropogon origanifolius L'Herit. V 

Bystropogon plumosus (L.f.) L'Herit. nt 

Lavandula foliosa Christ K 

Lavandula minutolii Bolle nt 

Micromeria benthamii Webb & Berthel. nt 

Micromeria glomerata P.Perez K 
Micromeria helianthemifolia Webb S 

Berthel. nt 
Micromeria herpyllomorpha Webb & 

Berthel. K 

Micromeria hyssopifolia Webb Sr Berthel. nt 

Micromeria lachnophylla Webb & Berthel. K 
Micromeria lanata (C.Smith ex Link) 

Benth. nt 

Micromeria lasiophylla Webb & Berthel. R 

Micromeria lepida Webb & Berthel. nt 

CANARY ISLANDS 



- 290 



LABIATAE 

Micromeria leucantha Svent. ex P.Perez K 

Micromeria pineolens Svent. V 

Micromeria rivas-martinezii Wildpret V 

Micromeria teneriffae (Poir. ) Benth. nt 

Micromeria tenuis (Link) Webb & Berthel. nt 

Nepeta teydea Webb S Berthel. R 

Salvia broussonetii Benth. V 

Salvia canariensis L. nt 
Sideritis argosphacela (Webb & Berthel.) 

Clos R 

Sideritis barbellata Mendoza-Heuer K 

Sideritis bolleana Bomm. R 

Sideritis brevicaulis Mendoza-Heuer K 

Sideritis cabrerae Ceball. & Ortuno V 

Sideritis canariensis L. R 

Sideritis cystosiphon Svent. E 
Sideritis dasygnaphala (Webb & Berthel.) 

Clos nt 

Sideritis dendro-chahorra Bolle nt 
Sideritis discolor (Webb ex de Noe) 

Bolle E 

Sideritis gomeraea de Noe ex Bolle R 

Sideritis infernalis Bolle E 

Sideritis kuegleriana Bornm. V 

Sideritis lotsyi (Pitard) Bornm. nt 

Sideritis macrostachya Poiret V 

Sideritis marmorea Bolle V 

Sideritis neirvosa (Christ) Lid E 

Sideritis nutans Svent. V 

Sideritis penzigii (Pitard) Bomm. V 

Sideritis pumila (Christ) Mendoza-Heuer V 
Sideritis sventenii (Kunkel) 

Mendoza-Heuer R 

Thymus origanoides Webb & Berthel. R 
LAURACEAE 

Apollonias ceballosi Svent. V 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Adenocarpus foliolosus (Aiton) DC. nt 

Adenocarpus ombriosus Ceball. & Ortuno K 
Adenocarpus viscosus (Willd. ) Webb & 

Berthel. nt 

Anagyris latifolia Brouss. ex Willd. E 

Chamaecytisus palmensis (Christ) Hutch. nt 

Chamaecytisus proliferus (L.f . ) Link nt 

Dorycnium broussonetii (Choisy) Webb R 

Dorycnium eriophthalmum Webb & Berthel. R 

Dorycnium spectabile Webb & Berthel. V 

Lotus berthelotii Masferrer E 
Lotus callis-viridis D.Bramwell S 

D.H.Davis E 

Lotus campylocladus Webb & Berthel. R 

Lotus dumetorum Webb ex R.P.Murray R 

Lotus emeroides R.P.Murray nt 

Lotus genistoides Webb R 

Lotus hillebrandii Christ nt 

Lotus holosericeus Webb s Berthel. R 



CANARY ISLANDS 



- 291 - 



LEGUMINOSAE 

Lotus kunkelii (E.Chueca) D.Bramwell & 

al. E 

Lotus lancerottensis Webb & Berthel. nt 

Lotus leptophyllus (Lowe) K.Lars en V 

Lotus maculatus Breitfeld E 

Lotus mascaensis Burchard V 

Lotus sessilifolius DC. nt 

Lotus spartioides Webb & Berthel. nt 

Ononis christii Bolle V 

Ononis hebecarpa Webb S Berthel. nt 

Spartocytisus filipes Webb & Berthel. nt 
Spartocytisus superanubius (L.f . ) Webb & 

Berthel . nt 
Teline benehoavensis (BoUe ex Svent. ) 

Santos E 

Teline canariensis (L. ) Webb & Berthel. nt 

Teline hillebrandtii (Christ) Kunkel K 
Teline linifolia (L. ) Webb & Berthel. 

ssp. gomerae P.E.Gibbs S Dingwall V 
Teline linifolia (L. ) Webb & Berthel. 
ssp. pallida (Poiret) P.E.Gibbs & 

Dingwall V 
Teline linifolia (L. ) Webb & Berthel. 
ssp. rosmarinifolia (Webb & Berth.) 

Gibbs & Dingw. r 
Teline linifolia (L. ) Webb & Berthel. 

ssp. teneriffae P.E.Gibbs S Dingwall E 
Teline microphylla (DC.) P.E. Gibbs & 

Dingwall nt 
Teline osyroides (Svent.) P.E. Gibbs & 

Dingwall K 
Teline stenopetala (Webb & Berth.) Webb 

& Berth. nt 

Vicia aphylla C. Smith ex Link R 

Vicia chaetocalyx Webb & Berthel. K 

Vicia filicaulis Webb & Berthel. R 

Vicia scandens R.P.Murray V 
LILIACEAE ' 
Allium subhirsutum L. ssp. obtusitepalum 

(Svent. ) Kunkel K 

Androcymbium psammophilum Svent. V 
Asparagus arborescens Willd. ex J. A. & 

J.H.Schultes R 

Asparagus fallax Svent. E 

Asparagus plocamoides Webb ex Svent. R 
Asparagus umbellatus Link ssp. 

umbellatus nt 

Scilla berthelotii Webb K 

Scilla dasyantha Webb & Berthel. V 

Scilla haemorrhoidalis Webb & Berthel. V 

Semele gayae (Webb) Svent. & Kunkel V 
MALVACEAE 

Idvatera acerifolia Cav. R 

lavatera brachyfolia Walp. K 

Lavatera phoenicea Vent. E 



CANARY ISLANDS 



- 292 



MYRSINACEAE 

Pleiomeris canariensis (Willd. ) A. DC. V 

OLEACEAE 

Jasminum barrelierii Webb & Berthel. R 

Olea europaea L. ssp. cerasiformis (Webb 

& Berth.) Kunkel S Sund. K 

ORCH IDACEAE 

Habenaria tridactylites Lindl. nt 

Orchis canariensis Lindl. nt 

OROBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche berthelotii Webb & Berthel. K 

Orobanche gratiosa (Webb & Berthel. ) 

Beck K 

PALMAE 

Phoenix canariensis Chabaud nt 

PAPAVERACEAE 

Fumaria coccinea Lowe ex Pugsley R 

PLANTAGINACEAE 

Plantago arborescens Poiret nt 

Plantago asphodeloides Svent. R 

Plantago famarae Svent. V 

Plantago webbii Bameoud nt 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium arborescens (Brouss.) Kuntze E 

Limonixnn bourgeaui (Webb) Kuntze V 

Limoniuin brassicifolium (Webb S 

Berthe 1 . ) Kuntze V 

Limoniuin dendroides Svent. E 

Limonium fruticans (Webb) Kuntze E 

Limonium imbricatum (Webb & Berthel. ) 

Hubbard E 

Limoniuin macrophyllum (Brouss.) Kuntze E 

Limonium macropterum (Webb & Berthel. ) 

Kuntze V 

Limonium ovalifolium (Poiret) Kuntze 

ssp. canariense Pignatti R 

Limoniiam perezii (Stapf ) Hubbard V 

Limonium preauxii (Webb S Berthel.) 

Kuntze E 

Limonium puberulum (Webb & Berthel. ) 

Kuntze V 

Limonium redivivum (Svent. ) Kunkel & 

Sunding V 

Limonium rumicifolium (Svent.) Kunkel & 

Sunding R 

Limonium spectabile (Svent. ) Kunkel & 

Sunding E 

POLYGONACEAE 

Rvunex lunaria L. nt 

RESEDACEAE 

Reseda crystallina Webb & Berthel. nt 

Reseda scoparia Brouss. ex Willd. V 

RHAMNACEAE 

Rhamnus crenulata Alton R 

Rhamnus integrifolia DC. R 



CANARY ISLANDS 



- 293 



ROSACEAE 

Bencomia brachystachya Svent. E 

Bencomia exstipulata Svent. E 

Bencomia sphaerocarpa Svent. V 

Dendriopoterium menendezii Svent. nt 

Marcetella moquiniana (Webb & Berthel.) 

Svent. R 

Rubus palmensis Hansen K 
RUBIACEAE 

Phyllis viscosa Webb ex Christ nt 

Plocama pendula Aiton nt 
RUTACEAE 

Ruta microcarpa Svent. V 

Ruta oreojasme Webb V 

Ruta pinnata L.f. V 
SANTALACEAE 

Kunkeliella canariensis Stearn E 

Kunkeliella psilotoclada (Svent. ) Steam E 

Kunkeliella subsucculenta Kammer V 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Isoplexis canariensis (L. ) Don R 

Isoplexis chalcantha Svent. & O'Shanahan E 
Isoplexis isabelliana (Webb & Berthel. ) 

Masferrer V 

Kickxia pendula (Kunkel ) Kunkel R 
Kickxia scoparia (Spreng. ) Kunkel & 

Sunding nt 

Kickxia urbanii (Pitard) K.Larsen V 

Scrophularia anagae Bolle V 

Scrophularia berthelotii Bolle K 

Scrophularia calliantha Webb & Berthel. V 

Scrophularia glabrata Aiton nt 

Scrophularia langeana Bolle R 

Scrophularia smithii Homem. V 

Scrophularia teucrium Christ K 
Sutera canariensis (Webb & Berth. ) Sund. 

& Kunkel R 
SELAGINACEAE 

Globularia ascanii D.Bramwell & Kunkel E 

Globularia sarcophylla Svent. E 
SOLAN ACEAE 

Solanum lidii Sunding E 

Solanum nava Webb & Berthel. I 

Solanum vespertilio Aiton V 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Bupleurum handiense (Bolle) Kunkel V 

Cryptotaenia elegans Webb ex Bolle nt 

Ferula lancerottensis Pari. nt 

Ferula linkii Webb nt 

Pimpinella anagodendron Bolle V 

Pimpinella cumbrae Link nt 

Pimpinella dendrotragium Webb nt 

Pimpinella junoniae Ceball. & Ortuno nt 
Rutheopsis herbanica (Bolle) Hansen S 

Kunkel R 

Seseli webbii Coss . R 

Tinguarra cervariaefolia Pari. R 



CANARY ISLANDS 



294 



UMBELLIFERAE 

Tinguarra montana (Christ) Hansen S 

Kunkel nt 

Todaroa aurea Pari. nt 

URTICACEAE 

Forsskaolea angustifolia Retz nt 

Gesnouinia arborea (L.f.) Gaudich. V 

Parietaria filamentosa Webb S Berthel. R 

Urtica stachyoides Webb S Berthel. R 

VIOLACEAE 

Viola cheiranthifolia H.B. & K. V 

Viola palmensis Webb & Berthel. E 

Viola plantaginea Webb ex Christ K 

NON-ENDEMIC TAXA COUNTRY REGIONAL 

CATEGORY CATEGORY 

GYMNOSPERMAE 
CUPRISSACEAE 

Juniperus cedrus Webb & Berthel. E, E 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Spergularia fallax Lowe R R 

EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia mellif era Alton E ^-- V 

FRANKENIACEAE 

Frankenia ericifolia C.Smith ex DC. R R 
GRAMINEAE 

Dactylis smithii Link R R 

Lolium canariense Steudel R R 

Lolium lowei Menezes V V 

HYPERICACEAE 

Hypericum glandulostnn Alton R R 

JUNCACEAE 

Ebingeria elegans (Lowe) Chrtek S Kriza V V 
LABIATAE 

Bystropogon canariensis (L. ) L'Herit. 

Teucrimn heterophyllum L'Herit. 
LAURACEAE 

Ocotea foetens (Alton) Benth. S Hook.f. 

Persea indica (L.) Sprengel 
LILIACEAE 

Asparagus nesiotes Svent. 

Asparagus scoparius Lowe 

Dracaena draco (L.) L. 

Scilla latifolia Willd. 

Semele androgyna (L. ) Kunth 

Smilax canariensis Willd. 
MYRSINACEAE 

Heberdenia excelsa (Alton) Banks ex DC. 
OLEACEAE 

Picconia excelsa (Alton) DC. 
PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium papilla turn (Webb & Berthel. ) 
Kuntze 



R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


R 


R 


V 


V 


R 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 



CANARY ISLANDS 



295 



RHAMNACEAE 

Rhamnus glandulosa Alton V V 

ROSACEAE 

Bencomia caudata (Aiton) Webb & Berthel. V V 
SAPOTACEAE 

Sideroxylon marmulano Banks ex Lowe E E 
THEACEAE 

Visnea mocanera L.f. V V 



CANARY ISLANDS 



296 



SWEDEN 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
CISTACEAE 

Helianthemum oelandicioin (L. ) DC. ssp. 
oelandicum 
COMPOS ITAE 

Artemisia oelandica (Besser) Komarov 
GRAMINEAE 

Festuca oelandica (Hackel) K.Richter 
RUBIACEAE 

Galivun oelandicum (Sterner et al ) 
Ehrendorf er 



nt 
nt 
nt 

nt 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium adulterinum Milde R 

MARSILEACEAE 

Pilularia globulifera L. V 

OPHIOGDOSSACEAE 

Botrychium lanceolatum (S.G.CSnelin ) 

Angstrom r 

Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 

Koch V 

Botrychium multifidvun (S.G.Qnelin) Rupr. R 
Botrychium simplex Hitchc. E 

° Botrychium virginianum (L. ) Swartz V. 



R 
V 



V 
V 

V 
V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 
^ Alisma wahlenbergii (O.R.Holmberg) 



\ 



Juzepczuk 
Luronium natans (L. ) Raf . 



CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria humifusa Wahlenb. 

Silene furcata Raf. 

Stellaria crassipes Hulten 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Bassia hirsuta (L.) Aschers . 
COMPOS ITAE 

Senecio congestus (R.Br.) DC. 
CRASSULACEAE 

Crassula aquatica (L. ) Schonl. 
CRUCIFERAE 

Braya linearis Rouy 

Draba cacuminum H.Ekman 

Draba crassifolia Graham 

Sisymbrium supinum L. 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex holostoma Drejer 

Eriophorum gracile Koch 



E- 


V 


E 


V 


R 


R 


R. 


R 


R 


R 


Ex 


V 


E. 


V 


nt 


V 


R. 


V 


R 


R 


R 


R 


nt 


V 


R 


R 


nt 


V 



SWEDEN 



' - 297 



GENTIANACEAE 

Gentianella uliginosa (Willd. ) Borner V V 
GRAMINEAE 

Calamagrostis obtusata Trin. R R 

Cinna latifolia (Trev.) Griseb. R r 

Deschampsia setacea (Huds.) Hackel R v 

Trisetum subalpestre (Hartin. ) Neuman V V 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus arenarius L. R V 

NAJADACEAE 

Najas flexilis (Willd.) Rostk. S al E V 
ORCHIDACEAE 

" Calypso bulbosa (L. ) Oakes 
o Cypripedium calceolus L. 

Hatranarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 

Platanthera obtusata (Pursh) Lindl. 
PAPAVERACEAE 

Papaver laestadianum (Nordh. ) Nordh. R R 
POTAMOGETONACEAE 

Potamogeton rutilus Wolfg. V V 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Pulsatilla patens (L. ) Miller V V 

Ranunculus sulphureus Phipps R R 

ROSACEAE 

Potentilla hyparctica Malte R r 

Potentilla multifida L. R R 

TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. Ex - V 



r\L' 



R 


V 


ntv 


V 


nt^ 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 



SWEDEN 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 



CRUCIFERAE 

Draba ladina Braun-Blanquet 



298 



SWITZERLAND 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium adulterinum Milde R. 

MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. E 

Pilularia globulifera L. E 

OPHIOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium lanceolatuin (S.G.Qnelin) 

Angstrcm R- 

Botrychiiun matricariifolium A.Braun ex 

Koch R . 

Botrychium multifidvun (S.G.Gtaelin ) Rupr. R. 

Botrychium simplex Hitchc. Ev^ 

Botrychium virginianum (L. ) Swartz R 

PTERIDACEAE 

Pteris cretica L. R 



V 
V 



V 
V 
V 
V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Caldesia pamassifolia (L.) Pari. 
BETULACEAE 

Betula humilis Schrank 
BORAGINACEAE 

Myosotis rehsteineri Wartm. 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Phyteuma humile Schleicher ex Gaudin 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill. 
COMPOSITAE 

Inula helvetica Weber 
CRUCIFERAE 

Hymenolobus procumbens (L. ) Nutt. ex 
Torrey & A.Gray 

Sisymbrium supinum L. 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex baldensis L. 

Carex fimbriata Schkuhr 

Eriophorum gracile Koch 
DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia godetii Reuter 

Knautia velutina Briq. 
DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. 



E 

E 

E 

R^ 

R 

V 



Ex i^' 
E 

R 
R 
E 

V, 
V 



V 
V 
E 
R 
R 
V 



I 
V 

V 
R 
V 

I 
V 



SWITZERLAND 



'i^ 



299 - 



ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastnam L. Ex 

GENTIANACEAE 

Lomatogonium carinthiacum (Wulfen) 

Reichenb. R --'' r 

LABIATAE 

Dracocephalum austriacum L. e''' v 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Cytisus emeriflorus Reichenb. R, r 

Trifolixom saxatile All. r _ y 

LILIACEAE 

Allium suaveolens Jacq. £■ V 

NAJADACEAE 

Najas flexilis (Willd. ) Rostk. S al Ex^ V 
ORCH IDACEAE ^ 

Cypripedium calceolus L. V v 

Haminarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze E v 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. v s,- V 

PRIMULACEAE 

Androsace brevis (Hegetschw.) Ces. R,, R 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Aquilegia alpina L. V V 

ROSACEAE 

Potentilla grammopetala Moretti R r 

Potentilla multifida L. R R 

SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga diapensioides Bellardi R r 

Saxifraga oppositif olia L. ssp. amphibia 

(Sunderm.) Braun-Blanquet Ex Ex 

SCROPHULARIACEAE '' 

Lindernia procximbens (Krocker) Philcox Ex V 
TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. E ■ v 

TYPHACEAE 

Typha minima Funk E v, v 

Typha shuttleworthii Koch & Sender V ^„ V 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Apium repens (Jacq.) Lag. E v 

Eryngium alpinum L. V v 

VALERIANACEAE 

Valeriana celtica L. ssp. celtica R. r 



SWITZERIAND 



- 300 



UNITED KINGDOM 



ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
COMPOS IT AE 

Senecio cambrensis Rosser 
CRUCIFERAE 

Rhynchosinapis monensis (L. ) Dandy ex 
Clapham 

Rhynchosinapis wrightii (O.E.Schulz) 
Dandy ex Clapham 
GENTIANACEAE 

Gentianella anglica (Pugsley) E.F.Warb. 
GRAMINEAE 

Bromus interruptus (Hackel) Druce 

Calamagrostis scotica (Druce) Druce 
ORCHIDACEAE 

Epipactis dunensis (T. s T.A.Stephenson) 
Godfrey 
PAPAVERACEAE 

Fumaria occidentalis Pugsley 
PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium recurvum C.E. Salmon 
PRIMULACEAE 

Primula scotica Hook. 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Euphrasia campbelliae Pugsley 

Euphrasia marshallii Pugsley 

Euphrasia rivularis Pugsley 

Et:gphrasia rotundifolia Pugsley 

Euphrasia vigursii Davey 



nt 

R 

nt 

Ex 

V 

R 

V 

E 

nt 

R 

nt 

R 

R 

R 



NON-ENDEMIC TAXA 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



PTERIDOPHYTA 

HYMENOPHYLLACEAE 

Trichomanes speciositm Willd. 
MARSILEACEAE 

Pilularia globulifera L. 



nt 



V 

V 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Luroniisn natans (L.) Raf. 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill. 
COMPOS IT AE 

Artemisia norvegica Fries 

Senecio congestus (R.Br. ) DC. 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex recta F.Boott 

Eriophorum gracile Koch 
GENTIANACEAE 

Gentianella ullginosa (Willd. ) Bomer 



nt 


V 


Vl. 


R 


R 


R 


Ex 


V 


R./ 


R 


V^ 


V 



UNITED KINGDOM 



301 - 



■u- 



GRAMINEAE 

Deschampsia setacea (Huds.) Hackel nt 

NAJADACEAE 

Najas flexilis (Willd. ) Rostk. & al R, 

ORCHIDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. E v 

Hamitiarbya paludosa (L. ) Kuntze nt V 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. E v 

Spiranthes romanzoff iana Cham. R r 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium paradoxum Pugsley E E 

Limonium transwallianum (Pugsley) 

Pugsley r r 

POLYGONACEAE 

Rumex rupestris Le Gall V,. V 

POTAMOGE TONAC EAE 

Potamogeton epihydrus Raf. R^, r 

Potamogeton rutilus Wolf g. R v V 

RUBIACEAE 

Galium fleurotii Jordan d r 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Apium repens ( Jacq. ) lag. E v 

Petroselinum segetxam (L. ) Koch nt V 



^ -H \ - S" 



^ 



A K • ^ 



UNITED KINGDOM 



- 302 - 

U.K. - CHANNEL ISLANDS 



NCN-ENDEMIC TAXA 



PTERIDOPHYTA 
MARSILEACEAE 

Pilularia globulifera L. 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus gallicus Pers. 
POLYGONACEAE 

Rumex rupestris Le Gall 
UMBELLIFERAE 

Petroselinum segetum (L. ) Koch 



COUNTRY REGIONAL 
CATEGORY CATEGORY 



Ex 



E 
V 
E 



V 
V 
V 



^^ 



CHANNEL ISLANDS 



303 



U.K. - GIBRALTAR 
ENDEMIC TAXA 



ANGIOSPERMAE 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Limonium emarginatum (Willd. ) Kiintze R 

NON-ENDEMIC TAXA COUNTRY REGIONAL 

CATEGORY CATEGORY 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Spergularia fimbriata Boiss. R 

RESEDACEAE 

Reseda decursiva Forssk. E E 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Bupleurum foliosum Salzm. ex DC. \ R 



\ 



GIBRALTAR 



- 304 - 

European U.S.S.R. 

ENDEMIC SPECIES 
GYMNOSPERMAE 
PINACEAE 

Pinus stankewiczii (Sukacz.) Fomin R 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

ACERACEAE 

Acer stevenii Pojark. nt 

APOCYNACEAE 

Trachomituiti tauricvnn (Pobed. ) Pobed. R 

ASCLEPIADACEAE 

Vincetoxicum juzepczukii (Pobed.) Priv. nt 

Vincetoxicum rossicum (Kleopow) Barbarich R 

BORAGINACEAE 

Lappula echinophora (Pallas) Kuntze R 

CAMPANULACEAE 

Adenophora taurica (W.N.Sukatschew) Juzepczuk R 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria cephalotes M.Bieb. R 

Cerastivun biebersteinii DC. nt 

Cerastium krylovii Schischkin & Gortschak. R 

Cerastium nemorale M.Bieb. R 

Dianthus fischeri Sprengel nt 

Dianthus humilis Willd. ex Ledeb. nt 

Dianthus hypanicus Andrz. R 

Dianthus lanceolatus Steven ex Reichenb. R 

Dianthus marschallii Schischkin nt 

Dianthus platyodon Klokov nt 

Dianthus pseudoversicolor Klokov nt 

Dianthus rigidus M.Bieb. R 

Dianthus uralensis Korsh. R 

Gypsophila uralensis Less. R 

Minuartia adenotricha Schischkin nt 

Minuartia bilykiana Klokov I 

Minuartia helmii (Ser. ) Schischkin R 

Minuartia krascheninnikovii Schischkin V 

Minuartia taurica (Steven) Graebner R 

Silene astrachanicum (Pacz.) Takht. R 

Silene cretacea Fischer ex Sprengel V 

Silene hellmannii Claus V 

Silene jailensis Rubtzov R 

CHENOPODIACEAE 

Corispermum algidum Iljin R 

COMPOS ITAE 

Achillea glaberrima Klokov E 

Antheaiis dubia Steven nt 

Anthemis jailensis Zefirov nt 

Anthemis lithuanica (DC. ) Besser ex Trautv. R 

Anthemis monantha Willd. nt 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



- 305 



Anthemis sterilis Steven V 

Anthemis trotzkiana Claus ex Bunge V 

Artemisia hololeuca M.Bieb. ex Besser R 

Centaurea aemulans Klokov nt 

Centaurea carbonata Klokov nt 

Centaurea dubjanskyi Iljin R 

Centaurea margaritacea Ten. V 

Centaurea pseudoleucolepis Kleopow R 

Centaurea sterilis Steven nt 

Centaurea sumensis Kalenicz. nt 

Centaurea traliewii Kleopow nt 

Jurinea polyclonos (L. ) DC. nt 

Phalacrachena inuloides (Fischer ex Janka ) Iljin nt 

Tanacetum paczoskii (Zefirov) Tzvelev R 

Taraxacum turiense Orlova R 

Tragopogon cretaceus S.Nikitin V 

CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum borissovae Balk. V 

CRUCIFERAE 

Alyssum calycocarpum Rupr. R 

Cardamine trifida (Lam. ex Poiret) B.M.G. Jones R 

Chrysochamela draboides Woronow V 

Crambe aspera M.Bieb. nt 

Crambe koktebelica (P.Junge) N.Busch R 

Crambe steveniana Rupr. V 

Diplotaxis cretacea Kotov nt 

Draba cuspidata M.Bieb. R 

Erysimum leptostyluin DC. R 

Lepidium meyeri Claus V 

Lepidium turczaninovi Lipsky R 

Sisymbrium volgense M.Bieb. ex Fourn. nt 

Sobolewskia sibirica (Willd. ) P. W. Ball R 

CRUCIFERAE 

Elytrigia stipifolia (Nevski ) Nevski V 

Syrenia talijevii Klokov V 

DIPSACACEAE 

Cephalaria litvinovii Bobrov Ex 

Knautia tatarica (L. ) Szabo E 

GERANIACEAE 

Erodium beketowii Schmalh. E 

GRAMINAEAE 

Agropyron cimmericum Nevski I 

Agropyron dasyanthvim Ledeb. R 

Agropyron tanaicum Nevski R 

Elymus stipifolius (Czern. ex Nevski) Melderis V 

Eragrostis diarrhena (J. A. s J.H.Schules) Steudel R 

Festuca cretacea (Lavrenko) Pop. & Pros. nt 

Festuca igoschiniae Tzvelev nt 

Festuca pohleana Alekseev nt 

Festuca wolgensis P.Smirnow nt 

Stipa anomala P.Smirnow V 

Stipa cretacea P.Smirnow R 

Stipa lithophila R 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



306 



Stipa syreistschikovii P.Smimow R 

Zingeria biebersteiniana (Claus) P.Smirnov R 

IRIDACEAE 

Crocus angustifollus Weston V 

LABIATAE 

Lamium glaberrimum Taliev R 

Thymus borysthenicus Klokov & Schost. R 

Thymus binervulatus Klokov S Desjat.-Shost. R 

Thymus talijevii Klokov & Schost. V 

LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus clerceanus Iljin & Kraschen. V 

Astragalus helmii Fischer ex DC. R 

Astragalus henningii (Steven) A.Boriss. R 

Astragalus karelinianus Popov R 

Astragalus kungurensis Boriss. R 

Astragalus pallescens M.Bieb. R 

Astragalus reduncus Pallas R 

Astragalus setosulus Gontsch. E 

Astragalus similis Boriss. R 

Astragalus tanaiticus C.Koch V 

Calophaca wolgarica (L.f.) Fischer E 

Caragana scythica (Kcanovov) Pojark.) V 

Chamaecytisus blockianus (Pawl.) Klaskova R 

Chamaecytisus paczoskii (Krecz. ) Klaskova R 

Chamaecytisus podolicus (Blocki ) Klaskova R 

Chamaecytisus skrobiszewskii (Pacz.) Klaskova R 

Chamaecytisus wulfii (V.Krecz.) R 

Glycyrrhiza korshinskyi Grigoriev V 

Hedysarum cretaceum Fischer ex DC. V 

Hedysarum ucrainicum Kaschm. V 

Medicago rupestris Bieb. R 

Onobrychis pallasii (Willd. ) M.Bieb. R 

Oxytropis hippolyti A. Boriss. R 

Qxytropis spicata (Pallas) O.C.B.Fedtsch. R 

Oxytropis uralensis (L. ) DC. r 

LILIACEAE 

Allium albiflorum Omelczuk nt 

Allium decipiens Fischer ex J. A. & J.H.Schultes nt 

Allium pervestitum Klokov R 

Allium regelianum A.Becker R 

Allium talijevii Klokov K 

Asparagus litoralis Steven R 

Bellevalia lipskyi (Miscz.) Wulf r 

Eremurus tauricus Steven R 

Eremurus thiodanthus Juz. R 

Hiacinthella pallasiana (Stev. ) Losinsk R 

PAPAVERACEAE 

Corydalis paczoskii B.Busch nt 

Papaver maeoticxim Klokov r 

PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Goniolimon elatum (Fischer ex Sprengel ) Boiss. nt 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



- 307 



Goniolimon graminifolium (Alton) Boiss. V 
POLYGONACEAE 

Polygonum aschersonianum H. Gross K 
PRIMULACEAE 

* Cyclamen kuznetzovii Kotov & Czernova R 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Anemone uralensis Fischer ex DC. R 

Thalictrum uncinatum Rehmann R 

ROSACEAE 

Cotoneaster cinnabarinus Juzepczuk V 

Crataegus karadaghensis Pojark. R 

Crataegus sphaenophylla Pojark. K 

Crataegus ucrainica Pojark. R 

Malus praecox (Pallas) Borkh . nt 

Potentilla eversmanniana Fischer ex Ledb. R 

Potentilla umbrosa nt 

RUBIACEAE 

Asperula exasperata Krecz . ex Klokov nt 

Asperula graveolens M.Bieb. ex J. A. & J.H.Schultes nt 

Asperula leiograveolens Popov S Chrshan. nt 

Asperula savranica Klokov nt 

Asperula supina M.Bieb. nt 

Asperula tephrocarpa Czernj. ex Popov & Chrshan. R 

SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga irrigua M.Bieb. nt 

S CROP HUL ARI ACEAE 

Castilleja schrenkii Rebrist. R 

Cymbaria borysthenica Pallas ex Schlechtendal R 

Euphrasia taurica Ganeschin nt 

* Lagotis uralensis Schischkin R 
Linaria biebersteinii Besser I 
Linaria cretacea Fischer ex Sprengel V 
Linaria macroura (M.Bieb. ) M.Bieb. nt 
Scrophularia cretacea Fischer ex Sprengel V 

THYMELAEACEAE 

Daphen sophia Kalenicz V 
TILIACEAE 

Tilia dasystyla Stekjven nt 
UMBELLIFERAE 

* Aulacospermum isetense (Sprengel) Schischkin R 
Heracleum ligusticifolium M.Bieb. R 
Heracleum pubescens (Hoffman) M.Bieb. I 
Seseli lehmannii Degen R 
Trinia crithmifolia (Willd. ) H.Wolff R 
Trinia kitaibelii M.Bieb. R 

VIOLACEAE 

Viola tanaitica Grosset nt 

DOUBTFULLY ENDEMIC SPECIES 
ANGIOSPERMAE 
CRUCIFERAE 

Schivereckia berteroides Fischer ex Alexe j . R 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



- 308 



Non-Endemic Rare and Threatened Species 



Category for Europe 
V 



Achillea ochroleuca Ehrh. 

Achnatherum splendens (Trin.) Nevski R 

Adonis sibirica Patrin ex Ledeb. R 

Agriophyllum squarrosum (L.) Moq. R 

* Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. V 

Allium obliquum L. V 

Alopecurus alpinus Smith R 

Althaea armeniaca Ten. R 

Alyssum dasycarpum Stephan ex Willd. R 

Alyssum lenense Adams V 

Amberboa turanica Iljin R 

Ammannia baccifera L. R 

Ammannia verticillata (Ard.) Lam. R 

Anabasis aphylla L. R 

Anabasis cretacea Pallas V 

Anabasis salsa (C.A. Meyer) Paulsen R 

Anchusa pusilla Gusul. V 

Anemone altaica Fischer ex C.A. Meyer R 

Anemone dichotoma L. R 

Anemone reflexa Stephan R 

Anthemis cretacea Zef irov R 

Anthemis trotzkiana Claus ex Bunge V 

Arabidopsis parvula (Schrenk) O.E. Schulz R 

Arabidopsis pumila (Stephan) N. Busch R 

Arabis borealis Andrz . ex Ledeb . R 

Arabis pendula L. R 

Arenaria hvaiifusa Wahlenb. R 

Arenaria longifolia M. Bieb. R 

Argyrolobium biebersteinii P.W. Ball R 

Arnebia decumbens (Vent.) Coss. & J.L. Kralik R 

Artemisia armeniaca Lam. V 

Artemisia bargusinensis Sprengel R 

Artemisia commutata Besser R 

Artemisia frigida Willd. R 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



309 - 



* Artemisia laciniata Willd. V 

Artemisia latifolia Ledeb. R 

Artemisia lessingiana Besser R 

Artemisia macrantha Ledeb. R 

Artemisia salsoloides Willd. V 

Artemisia sericea Weber V 

Asparagus bresleranus J. A. Schultes R 

Asparagus kasakstanicus Iljin R 

Asparagus persicus Baker V 

Asperula setulosa Boiss. V 

Asperula taurica Pacz. R 

Aster kirghisorum (Fischer ex M. Bieb.) Korsh. R 

Aster tarbagatensis (C. Koch) Merxm. R 

Astragalus albicaulis DC. V 

Astragalus alopecurus Pallas R 

Astragalus amarus Pallas V 

Astragalus ankylotus Fischer & C.A. Meyer V 

Astragalus arcuatus Karelin & Kiril. V 

Astragalus arenarius L. V 

Astragalus arnacantha M. Bieb. V 

Astragalus arpilobus Karelin & Kiril. V 

Astragalus brachylobus DC. V 

Astragalus dasyanthus Pallas V 

Astragalus falcatus Lam. V 

Astragalus helmii Fischer ex DC. V 

Astragalus longipetalus Chater V 

Astragalus macropus Bunge V 

Astragalus medius Schrenk V 

Astragalus oxyglottis Steven ex M. Bieb. V 

Astragalus physodes L. V 

Astragalus reticulatus M. Bieb. V 

Astragalus stalinskyi Sirj. V 

Astragalus striatellus Pallas ex M. Bieb. V 

Astragalus tenuifolius L. V 

Astragalus testiculatus Pallas V 

Astragalus tribuloides Delile V 

U.S.S.R. (European) 



310 



Astragalus umbellatus Bunge V 

Astragalus utrigcr Pallas V 

Astragalus vulpinus Willd. V 

Astragalus zingeri Korsh. V 

Atraphaxis frutescens (L. ) C. Koch R 

Atraphaxis replicata Lam. R 

Atraphaxis spinosa L. R 

Atriplex sphaeromorpha Iljin R 

Aulacospermum isetense (Sprengel) Schischkin V 

* Bassia hirsuta (L.) Aschers. V 

Beckmannia syzigachne (Steudel) Fernald R 

Be tula humilis Schrank V 

Bienertia cycloptera Bunge ex Boiss. R 

Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schlectendal) 

B. Fedtsch. R 

* Botrychium lanceolatum (S.G. Gmelin) AngstrSm V 

* Botrychium matricariifolium A. Braun ex Koch V 
Botrychium multifidum (S.G. Gmelin) Rupr. V 

* Botrychium simplex Hitchc. V 
Botrychium virginianum (L.) Swartz V 
Bulbocodium versicolor (Ker-Gawl.) Sprengel V 
Bunias cochlearioides Murray R 
Bupleurum brachiatum C. Koch ex Boiss. R 
Bupleurum multinerve DC. R 

Cachrys odontalgica Pallas V 

Calligonum aphyllum (Pallas) Gurke R 

Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes R 

Caragana grandiflora (M. Bieb.) DC. R 

Cardamine macrophylla Willd. R 

Cardamine tenera Gmelin ex C.A. Meyer R 
Cardamine trifida (Lam. ex Poiret) B. M.G.Jones R 
Carex amgunensis F. Schmidt 
Carex fuscidula Krecz. ex Egorova 
Carex ledebourana C .A.Meyer ex Trev. 
Carex melanocarpa Cham, ex Trautv. 
Carex mollissima Christ 



Carex physodes M. Bieb. 
Carex ursina Dewey 



R 
R 
R 
R 
E 
E 
R 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



311 - 



Carthamus glaucus M. 3ieb. R 

Castilleja lapponica (Gandoger) Rebrist. R 

Castilleja pallida (L.) Sprengel R 

Centaurea kasakorum Iljin V 

Centaurea margaritacea Ten. V 

Centaurea reichenbachii DC. V 

Centaurea ruthenica Lam. V 

Centaurea sibirica L. R 

Centaurea taliewii Kleopow V 

Cerastium nemorale M. Bieb. R 

Cerastium pauciflorum Steven ex Ser . R 

Cerastiuin regelii Ostenf . R 

Ceratophyllum tanaiticum Sap j . V 

Chamaecytisus lindemannii (Krecz.) Klaskova R 
Chamaecytisus zingeri (F.S. Nenukow ex Litw.) Klaskova R 

Chartolepis glastifolia (L.) Cass. R 

Cheilanthes persica (Bory) Mettenius ex Kuhn R 

Chenopodium aristatimi L. R 

Chrysosplenium alpinum Schur R 

Cirsium cilia turn Moench R 

Cistanche salsa (C.A. Meyer) Beck V 

Clausia aprica (Stephan ex Willd.) Trotzky V 

Cleistogenes squarrosa (Trin.) Keng R 

Clematis pseudoflammula Schmalh . ex Lipsky V 

Colchicum fominii Bordz. V 

Coleantiius sub til is (Tratt.) Seidl V 

Comperia comperiana (Steven) Aschers. & Graebner T 

Convolvulus calvertii Boiss. T 

Convolvulus scammonia L. R 

Corispermum aralocaspicum Iljin R 

Corispermum filifolium C.A. Meyer R 

Corispermum orientale Lam. R 

Corispermum uralense (Iljin) Aellen R 

Cotoneaster tauricus Pojark. R 

Cousinia astxacanica (Sprengel) Tamamschjan R 

Crambe grandiflora DC. V 

Crambe koktebelica (P. Junge) N. Busch V 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



312 



Crambe steveniana Rupr. V 

Crambe tataria Sebeok V 

Crataegus pallasii Griseb. R 

Crataegus taurica Pojark. r 

Crepis alpina L. r 

Crepis chrysantha (Ledeb.) Turcz. r 

Crocus speciosus M. Bieb. V 

Crypsis acuminata Trin. r 

Crypsis turkestanica Eig r 

Cryptogranmia stelleri (S.G. Gmelin) Prantl V 

Cuscuta pedicellata Ledeb . r 

Cuscuta pellucida Butkov r 

Cypripedium calceolus L. V 

Cypripedium guttatum Swartz E 

Cypripedium macranthos Swartz E 

* Cystopteris sudetica A. Braun & Milde V 

Delphinium cuneatum Steven ex DC. v 

Delphinium dictyocarpum DC. V 

Delphinium puniceum Pallas V 

Delphinium rossicum Litw. r 

Delphinium schmalhausenii Albov R 

Dendranthema arcticum (L.) Tzvelev R 

Dendranthema zawadskii (Herbich) Tzvelev V 

Dianthus acicularis Fischer ex Ledeb- R 

* Dianthus gratianopolitanus Vill . r 
Dianthus repens Willd. r 
Dianthus rigidus M. Bieb. r 
Dianthus squarrosus M. Bieb. r 
Dianthus uralensis Korsh. r 
Dianthus versicolor Fischer ex Link v 
Diptychocarpus strictus (Fischer) Trautv. R 
Draba kjellmanii Lid ex H. Ekman r 
Draba subcapitata Simmons r 
Dracocephalum austriacum L. V 
Dupontia fisheri R.Br. r 
Dupontia psilosantha (Rupr.) Griseb. r 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



- 313 - 



* Elatine alsinastxum L. V 

* Elatine hungarica Moesz V 
Epilobium tundrarum G. Samuelsson R 
Eragrostis aegyptiaca (Willd.) Delile V 
Eragrostis collina Trin. R 
Eremopyrum distans (C. Koch) Nevski R 
Eremosparton aphyllum (Pallas) Fischer & C.A. Meyer V 
Eremostachys tuberosa (Pallas) Bunge V 
Erigeron silenifolius (Turcz. ex DC.) Botsch. R 
Eriosynaphe longifolia (Fischer ex Sprengel) DC. V 
Eritrichium aretioides (Cham.) DC. .V 
Eritrichium pectinatum (Pallas) DC. • V 
Eritrichium villosum (Ledeb.) Bunge T 
Erysimum aureum M. Bieb. R 

? * Erysimum hungaricum Zapal. V 

Erysimum leucanthemum (Stephan) B. Fedtsch. R 

Erysimum ucranicum Gay R 

Euonymus nanus M. Bieb. V 

Euphorbia bessarabica Klokov R 

Euphorbia ledebourii Boiss. R 

Euphorbia soongarica Boiss. R 

Euphorbia squamosa Willd. R 

Euphorbia undulata M. Bieb. R 

Eutrema edwardsii R.Br. R 
Eversmannia subspinosa (Fischer ex DC.) B. Fedtsch. . V 

Ferula caspica M. Bieb. R 

Ferula nuda Sprengel V 

Ferula tatarica Fischer ex Sprengel R 

Filago filaginoides (Karelin & Kiril.) Wagenitz R 

Fritillaria ruthenica Wikstr. V 

Fumaria microcarpa (Hausskn.) Pugsley R 

Gagea bulbifera (Pallas) J. A. & J.H. Sch\iltes R 

Gagea taurica Steven R 

Galanthus plicatus M. Bieb. V 

Galium paradoxum Maxim. R 

Galium sature jifolium Trev. R 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



314 - 



Gentiana decumbens L.f . 

Gentianella uliginosa (Willd.) Borner 

Geranium linearilobuin DC. 

Girgensohnia oppositifolia (Pallas) Fenzl 

Glyceria triflora (Korsh.) Komarov 

Glycyrrhiza aspera Pallas 

Glycyrrhiza korshinskyi Grigoriev 

Goldbachia laevigata DC. 

Goniolimon speciosum (L.) Boiss. 

Gypsophila elegans M. Bleb. 

Gypsophila globulosa Steven ex Boiss. 

Gypsophila linearifolia (Fischer a C.A. Meyer) 
Boiss . 

Gypsophila patrinii Ser. 

Gypsophila scorzonerifolia Ser. 

Gypsophila uralensis Less. 

Halenia corniculata (L.) Cornaz 



V 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
V 
V 
V 

V 
V 
V 
V 

R 
R 
R 



Haliraocnemis sclerosperma (Pallas) C.A. Meyer 
Halimodendron halodendron (Pallas) Voss 
Halopeplis pygmaea (Pallas) Bunge ex Ung.-Stemb. R 

Halostachys belangerana (Moq.) Botsch. R 

Hammarbya paludosa (L.) Kuntze V 

Hedysarum alpinum L. V 

Hedysarum biebersteinii Zertova V 

Hedysarum candidum M. Bleb. T 

Hedysarvim gmelinii Ledeb . V 

Hedysarum razoumowianum Helm & Fischer ex DC . V 

Helichrysum graveolens (M. Bieb.) Sweet V 

Heliotropium arguzioides Karelin & Kiril. R 

Heliotropium lasiocarpum Fischer & C.A. Meyer R 

Heliotropium micranthos (Pallas) Bunge R 

Heracleum carpaticum Porcius V 

Hesperis elata Hornem. V 

Hesperis pycnotricha Borbas & Degen V 

Hesperis steveniana DC. V 

Heteracia szovitsii Fischer & C.A. Meyer V 

Hierochloe pauciflora R.Br. T 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



315 



Hyoscyamus pusillus L. R 

Inula caspica Blume R 

Inula thapsoides Sprengel R 

Iris humilis Georgi V 

Iris pontica Zapal . T 

Iris tenuifolia Pallas V 

Isatis costata C.A. Meyer • R 

Isatis laevigata Trautv. R 

Isatis sabulosa Steven ex Ledeb. R 

Jurinea ewersmanii Bunge V 

Jurinea kirghisorum D.E. Janischewsky V 

Kalidium caspicum (L.) Ung.-Sternb. R 

Kalidium fol latum (Pallas) Moq. R 

Karelinia caspia (Pallas) Less. R 

Kosteletzkya pentacarpos (L.) Ledeb. V 

Lactuca altaica Fischer & C.A. Meyer R 

Lagotis minor (Willd.) Standley R 

Lagotis uralensis Schischkin R 

Lappula spinocarpos (Forssk.) Aschers. ex Kuntze R 

Lathyrus gmelinii Fritsch V 

Lathy rus humilis (Ser.) Sprengel R 

Lathyrus incurvus (Roth) Willd. R 

Lepidium pinna tifidum Ledeb . V 

Leptaleum filifolium (Willd.) DC. R 

Leymus akmolinensis (Drobov) Tzvelev R 

Leymus karelinii (Turcz.) Tzvelev R 

Ligularia glauca (L.) 0. Hoffman R 

Limonium bungei (Claus) Gamajun. R 

Limonium meyeri (Boiss.) Kuntze T 

Limonium sareptanum (A. Becker) Gams R 

Limonium suffruticosum (L.) Kuntze R 

Lindernia procumbens (Krocker) Philcox V 

Linum ucranicum Czern j . V 

Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich. V 

Litwinowia tenuissiraa (Pallas) Woronow ex Pavlov R 

Lotus krylovii Schischkin & Sergievsk. R 

Lychnis chalcedonica L. V 
U.S.S.R. (European) 



316 



Lychnis sibirica L. V 

Lycium ruthenicum Murray R 

Lythrum volgense D.A. Webb V 

Malcolmia taraxacifolia Balb. R 

Marrubium leonuroides Desr. T 

Marsilea aegyptiaca Willd. Ex 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. V 

Marsilea strigosa Willd. V 

Matricaria parviflorum (Willd.) Poiret R 

Matthiola fragrans (Fischer) Bunge V 

Matthiola tatarica (Pallas) DC. V 

Hedicago cancellata M. Bleb. R 

Medicago rupestris M. Bleb. V 

Melilotus polonica (L.) Pallas R 

Minuartia arctica (Ser.) Graebner R 

Minuartia macrocarpa (Pursh) Ostenf. R 
Minuartia regeliana (Trautv . ) Mattf . • V 

Muretia lutea (Hoffman) Boiss. R 

Myosotis ucrainica Czem j . R 

Nanophyton erinacexjm (Pallas) Bunge R 

Nonea caspica (Willd.) G. Don R 

Nonea lutea (Desr.) IDC. R 

Ofaiston monandrum (Pallas) Moq. R 

Onobrychis inermis Steven V 

Onosma setosa Ledeb. R 

Onosma simplicissima L. V • 

Onosma tinctoria M. Bieb. R 

Orobanche amoena C.A. Meyer V 

Orostachys spinosa (L.) Sweet R 
Orostachys thyrsiflora (DC.) Fischer ex Sweet R 

Oxytropis floribunda (Pallas) DC. V 

Oxytrcpis songorica (Pallas) DC. V 

Oxytropis uralensis (L.) DC. V 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



- 317 



Paeonia anomala L. V 

Papaver arenarium M. Bieb. R 

Parrya nudicaulis (L.) Boiss. R 

Patrinia sibirica (L.) Juss. R 

Pedicularis amoena Adaias ex Steven R 

Pedicularis compacta Stephan ex Willd. R 

Pedicularis dasystachys Schrenk V 

Pedicularis exaltata Besser V 

Pedicularis labradorica Wirsing R 

Pedicularis physocalyx Bunge V 

Pedicularis uralensis Vved. R 

Petasites radiatus (J.F. Gmelin) Toman R 

Petasites sibiricus (J.F. Gmelin) Dingwall R 

Petrosimonia brachyphylla (Bunge) Iljin R 

Petxosimonia glaucescens (Bunge) Iljin R 

Petrosimonia litwinowii Korsh. R 

Phelypaea coccinea Poiret R 

Pinus sibirica Du Tour R 

Plantago minuta Pallas R 

Pleuropogon sabinei R.Br. R 

Pleurospermum uralense Hoffman R 

Poa rehmannii (Aschers. & Graebner) Woloszczak V 

Polemonium boreale Adams V 

Polygonum acetosum M. Bieb. R 

Potentilla longipes Ledeb. R 

Potentilla pimpinelloides L. E 

Potentilla pulchella R.Br. R 

Potentilla stipularis L. R 

Primula longiscapa Ledeb. R 

Psylliostachys spicata (Willd.) Nevski R 

Ptilostemon echinocephalus (Willd.) Greater R 

Puccinellia angustata (R.Br.) Rand & Redfield R 

Puccinellia tenella (Lange) O.R. Holmberg R 

Pulmonaria filarszkyana S . Javorka V 

Ranunculus gmelinii DC. R 

Ranunculus platyspermus Fischer ex DC. V 

Ranunculus polyphyllus Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd. V 

U.S.S.R. (European) 



318 - 



Ranunculus polyrhizos Stephan ex Willd. R 

Rheum tataricurn L.f. S 

Rhodiola quadrifida (Pallas) Fischer & R 
C.A. Meyer 

Rhododendron luteum Sweet V 

Rindera tetraspis Pallas V 

Rumex arcticus Trautv. R 

Salix arctica Pallas T 

Salix reptans Rupr. R 

Salix rotundifolia Trautv. R 

Salix wilhelmsiana M. Bieb. R 

Salsola acutifolia (Bunge) Botsch. R 

Salsola affinis C.A. Meyer R 

Salsola arbuscula Pallas R 

Salsola dendroides Pallas R 

Salsola lanata Pallas R 

Salsola nitraria Pallas R 

Salsola paulsenii Litw. R 

Salsola pellucida Litw. R 

Salsola turcomanica Litw. R 

Salvia scabiosifolia Lam. R 

Salvinia natans (L.) All. V 

Saussurea amara (L.) DC. R 

Saussurea porcii Degen V 

Saussurea salsa (Pallas) Sprengel R 

Saussurea turgaiensis B. Fedtsch. V 

Saxifraga bronchialis L. R 

Saxifraga flagellaris Stemb. & Willd. R 

Scabiosa isetensis L. V 

Schivereckia kuznezovii Alexej. V 

Schivereckia podolica (Besser) Andrz. V 

Schizachne callosa (Turcz. ex Griseb.) Ohwi R 

Scirpus melanospennus C.A. Meyer R 

Scorzonera ensifolia M. Bieb. V 

Scorzonera tuberosa Pallas V 

* Sedum aetnense Tineo V 

Sedum subulatum (C.A. Meyer) Boiss. V 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



319 



Senecio congestus (R. Br.) DC. V 

Senecio resedifolius Less. R 

Serratula cardunculus (Pallas) Schischkin R 

Serratula lycopifolia (Vill.) A. Kerner V 

Seseli condensaturr. (L.) Reichenb.f. R 

Seseli gumTiif erum Pallas ex Smith R 

Seseli strictum Ledeb. R 

Silene altaica Pers. V 

Silene graminifolia Otth -R 

Silene paucifolia Ledeb. R 

Silene procumbens Murray R 

Silene repens Patrin R 

Silene sibirica (L.) Pers. V 

Silene suf frutescens M. Bieb. V 

Silene zawadzkii Herbich R 

Sisymbrium confertijm Steven ex Turcz. R 

Solenanthus biebersteinii DC. T 

Sophora jaubertii Spach V 

Spiraea crenata L. V 

Sterigmostemun tomentosum (Willd.) M. Bieb. R 

Steveniella satyrioides (Steven) Schlechter T 

Stipa arabica Trin. & Rupr. R 

Stipa cretacea P. Smimow E 

Stipa korshinskyi Roshev. V 

Stipa orientalis Trin. V 

Stipa syreistschikovii P. Smirnow T 



Stipa ucrainica P. Smimow V 

Stipa zalesskii Wilensky 



V 



Stipagrostis karelinii (Trin. & Rupr.) Tzvelev R 

Stipagrostis pennata (Trin.) de Winter R 

Symphytum orientale L. R 

Syrenia siliculosa (M. Bieb.) Andrz. ex C.A. Meyer R 

Tamarix gracilis Willd. R 

Tamarix hispida VJilld. R 

Tamarix laxa Willd. R 

Tamarix meyeri Boiss. R 

Tanacetum santolina C. VJinkler R 



U.S.S.R. (European) 



320 - 



Tauscheria lasiocarpa Fischer ex DC. 
Tetracme quadricornis (Willd.) Bunge 
Tetradiclis tenella (Ehrenb.) Litw. 
Thermopsis lanceolata R. 3r. 

* Thesixim brachyphyllum Boiss. 
Thesium ebracteatum Hayne 
Thesium procumbens C.A. Meyer 
Thymus guberlinensis Iljin 

■ Thymus kirgisorum Dubj. 

Torularia contortuplicata (Stephan ex Willd. ) 
O.E. Schulz 

Tragopogon dasyrhynchus Artemczuk 

Tragopogon floccosus Waldst. & Kit. 

Tragopogon r\jber S.G. Gmelin 

Tragopogon ruthenicus Besser ex Kraschen & 

S. Nikitin 

* Trap a n a tans L. 

Trigonella fischerana Ser. 

Trigonella orthoceras Karelin & Kiril. 

Trigonotis peduncularis (Trev.) Benth. ex 
Baker & S. Moore 

Tulipa biflora Pallas 

Valeriana capita ta Idnk 
Valerianella uncinata (M. Bieb.) Dufr. 
Ventenata macra (M. Bieb.) Boiss. 
Verbascum gnaphalodes M. Bieb. 
Vicia multicaulis Ledeb. 

Ziziphora taurica M. Bieb. . 
Ziziphora tenuior L. 



V 
R 
R 
R 
V 
R 
V 
R 
R 

R 
V 
R 
R 

V 
T 
R, 
V 



R 
R 
R 
T 
V 

R 
R 



U.S.S.R, (European) 



- 321 



YUGOSLAVIA 
ENDEMIC TAXA 

PTERIDOPHYTA 
ASPLENIACEAE 

Phyllitis hybrida (Milde) Christensen 

GYMNOSPERMAE 
PINACEAE 

Picea omorika (Pancic) Purkyne 



ANGIOSPERMAE 
BORAGINACEAE 

Alkanna noneiformis Griseb. 

Alkanna pulmonaria Griseb. 
CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula fenestra llata Peer 

Campanula hercegovina Degen & Fiala 

Campanula justiniana Witasek 

Campanula portenschlagiana J.A.Schultes 

Campanula poscharskyana Degen 

Campanula secundi flora Vis. & Pancic 

Campanula tommasiniana Koch 

Campanula waldsteiniana J.A.Schultes 

Edraianthus dalmaticus (A. DC. ) A. DC. 

Edraianthus dinaricus (A.Kemer) Wettst. 

Edraianthus pumilio (Portenschlag) A. DC. 

Symphyandra hofmannii Pantocsek 
CAPRIFOLIACEAE 

Lonicera glutinosa Vis. 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria halacsyi Baldacci 

Dianthus knappii (Pantocsek) Aschers. et 
al 

Dianthus scardicus Wettst. 

Gypsophila macedonica Vandas 

Minuartia handelii Mattf. 

Moehringia minutiflora Boimm. 

Silene reichenbachii Vis. 

Silene retzdorf f iana (K.Maly) Walters 

Silene schmuckeri Wettst. 

Silene viscariopsis Bornm. 
COMPOS ITAE 

Carlina fiumensis Simonkai 

Centaurea biokovensis Teyber 

Centaurea crithmifolia Vis. 

Centaurea cuspidata Vis. 

Centaurea dalmatica A.Kerner 

Centaurea friderici Vis. 

Centaurea glaberrima Tausch 

Centaurea incompta Vis. 

Centaurea murbeckii Hayek 

Centaurea ragusina L. 

Centaurea rufidula Bornm. 

Centaurea soskae Hayek ex Kosanin 

Centaurea spinosociliata Seenus 



R 
R 

R 

V 

R 

R 

R 

E 

nt 

nt 

R 

R 

V 

R 

nt 

R 

R 

nt 

R 

R 

R 

nt 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

nt 

R 

V 

R 



YUGOSLAVIA 



322 - 



C»MPOSITAE 

Centaurea wettsteinii Degen S Doerfler R 
Leucanthemum chloroticum A.Kerner & 

Murb . R 

Tragopogon kindingeri Adamovic K 
CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum flexuosum Wettst. K 

Sempervivxun juvanii Strgar V 

Semperviwmi kosaninii Praeger R 

Sempervivxun macedonicum Praeger R 

Sempervivum octopodes Turrill R 

Sempervivum thompsonianum Wale R 
CRUCIFERAE 

Alyssum moellendorf iantun Aschers. ex 

Beck R 

Barbarea bosniaca Murb. R 

Berteroa gintlii Rohl. R 

Bornmuellera dieckii Degen R 
C&rdaminopsis croatica (Schott et al) 

S . Javorka nt 

Degenia velebitica (Degen) Hayek V 

Fibigia triquetra (DC.) Bolss • ex Prantl nt 
DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia adriatica Ehrendorfer K 

Knautia clementii (Beck) Ehrendorfer K 

Knautia dalmatica Beck R 
Knautia fleischmannii (Hladnik ex 

Reichenb. ) Pacher nt 

Knautia pancicii Szabo R 

Knautia pectinata Ehrendorfer K 

Knautia sarajevensis (Beck) Szabo R 

Knautia travnicensis (Beck) Szabo R 

Knautia velebitica Szabo K 

Scabiosa fumarioides Vis. & Panftift R 
EUPHORBIACEAE 

Eluphorbia gregersenii K.Maly ex Beck R 
Euphorbia montenegrina (Baldacci) K.Maly 

ex Rohl. nt 
Euphorbia triflora Schott Nyman & 

Kotschy nt 
GERANIACEAE 

Geranium dalmaticum (Beck) Rech.f. nt 
GESNERIACEAE 

Ramonda nathaliae Panfiid & Petrovic R 
GRAMINEAE 

Air a scoparia Adamovic K 

Anthoxanthum pauciflorum Adamovic K 
Bromus moellendorff ianus (Aschers. & 

Graebner ) Hayek K 

Festuca galicicae Markgraf-Dannenberg K 

Festuca illyrica Markgr. K 
Festuca lapidosa (Degen) 

Markgraf-Dannenberg K 

Stipa mayeri Martinovsky R 

Stipa novakii Martinovsky R 



YUGOSLAVIA 



323 - 



IRIDACEAE 

Crocus kosaninii Pulevic K 

Crocus malyi Vis- nt 

Crocus pelistericus Pulevic K 

Crocus scardicus Kosanin nt 
LABIATAE 

Micromeria croatica (Pers.) Schott nt 

Micromeria kemeri Murb. r 

Salvia brachyodon Vandas R 

Salvia jurlsicii Kosanin r 

Thymus bracteosus Vis. ex Benth. nt 

Thymus oehmianus Ronn. & Soska Kx 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Genista nissana Petrovic R 

Hedysarum macedonicum Bornm. R 

Onobrychis degenii Doerfler I 

Trifolium velebiticum Degen R 
LILIACEAE 

Allium horvatii Lovric K 

Allium kermesinum Reichenb. R 

Colchicum macedonicum Kosanin R 

Hyacinthella dalmatica (Baker) Chouard R 

Ornithogalum visianicum Tommasini K 

Scilla litardierei Breistr. r 
MALVACEAE 

Kitaibela vitifolia Willd. nt 
PAPAVERACEAE 

Corydalis acaulis (Wulfen) Pers. R 
PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Armeria vandasii Hayek r 
Limonium vestitum (C.E.Salmon) 

C.E.Salmon r 
POLYGONACEAE 

Rumex balcanicus Rech.f. nt 
PRIMULACEAE 

Primula carniolica Jacq. r 

Primula kitaibeliana Schott R 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Aconitum angustifolium Bernh. R 

Aquilegia grata F.Maly ex Zimmeter R 

Aquilegia pancicii Degen K 

Ranunculus wettsteinii Doerfler I 
ROSACEAE 

Potentilla carniolica A.Kerner R 

Potentilla doerfleri Wettst. R 
RUBIACEAE 

Asperula baldaccii (Halacsy) Ehrendorfer R 

Asperula beckiana Degen R 

Asperula hercegovina Degen R 

Asperula staliana Vis. R 

Asperula wettsteinii Adamovic R 

Cruciata balcanica Ehrendorfer K 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Linaria microsepala A.Kerner R 

Melampyrum hoermannianum K.Maly nt 

Melampyrum trichocalycinum Vandas R 

Pedicularis ferdinandi Bornm. R 



YUGOSLAVIA 



- 324 



SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Pedicularis heterodonta Panfiif^ R 

Rhinanthus dinaricus Murb. R 

Verbascum durtnitoreum Rohl . R 

Verbascum herzogii Bomm. R 

Verbascum macedonicum Kosanin & Murb. R 

THYMELAEACEAE 

Daphne malyana Blecic V 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Eryngiuiii serbicum Pancic R 

Heptaptera macedonica (Bornm. ) Tutin I 

Hladnikia pastinacifolia Reichenb. R 

Seseli globifervnn Vis- nt 

Seseli malyi A.Kerner R 

Seseli tomentosum Vis. R 

VIOLACEAE 

Viola arsenica Beck K 
Viola doerfleri Degen 



K 



Viola frondosa (Velen. ) Hayek K 

DOUBTFULLY ENDEMIC TAXA 

ANGIOSPERMAE 
GRAMINEAE 

Avenula blavii (A. & J.) W.Sauer & al K 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Heracleum orphanidis Boiss. K 

NON-ENDEMIC TAXA COUNTRY REGIONAL 

CATEGORY CATEGORY 

PTERIDOPHYTA 

ASPLENIACEAE 

Asplenium adulterinum Milde R R 

LYCOPODIACEAE 

Diphasium issleri (Rouy) Holub R V 

MARSILEACEAE 

Marsilea quadrifolia L. V. V 

Pilularia globulifera L. E>»^ V 

OPHIOGLOSSACEAE 

Botrychium matricariifolium A.Braun ex 

Koch R V 

Botrychium multifidum (S.G.Gmelin) Rupr. R V 
Botrychium simplex Hitchc. R V 

Botrychium virginianum (L. ) Swartz R V 

ANGIOSPERMAE 
ALISMATACEAE 

Caldesia parnassifolia (L. ) Pari. Ex,, V 

Luronium natans (L. ) Raf. ^ V 
BORAGINACEAE 

Alkanna stribrnyi Velen. R R 

Anchusa serpentinicola Rech.f. R R 

Halacsya sendtneri (Boiss.) Doerfler R I 

Solenanthus scardicus Bornm. R R 



YUGOSLAVIA 



325 



CAMPANULACEAE 

Campanula beckiana Hayek 
EdraiantJius wettsteinii Halacsy & 
Baldacci 

Physoplexis comosa (L. ) Schur 

Phyteuina pseudorbiculare Pantocsek 
CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Dianthus freynii Vandas 

Dianthus myrtinervius Griseb. 

Dianthus nardiformis Janka 

Minuartia velenovskyi (Rohl.) Hayek 

Moehringia toinmasinii Marches. 

Moehringia villosa (Wulfen) Fenzl 

Silene macrantha (Pan&ic) Neumayer 
CHENOPODIACEAE 

Bassia hirsuta (L. ) Aschers. 

Corispermum nitidum Kit. 
COMPOS IT AE 

Achillea ochroleuca Ehrh. 

Anthemis meteorica Hausskn. 

Artemisia atrata Lam. 

Artemisia nitida Bertol. 

Artemisia pancicii (Janka) Ronn. 

Aster albanicus Degen 

Carduus ramosissimus Pancic 

Centaurea grbavacensis (Rohl. ) Stoy. & 
Acht. 

Centaurea kartschiana Scop. 

Centaurea nicolai Baldacci 

Cirsium brachycephalum Juratzka 

Crepis albanica (S.Javorka) Babe. 

Crepis macedonica Kitanoff 

Crepis pantocsekii (Vis.) A.Latzel 

Leontodon berinii (Bartl. ) Roth 

Scorzonera doria Degen & Baldacci 

Serratula lycopifolia (Vill. ) A.Kerner 

Tragopogon floccosus Waldst. & Kit. 
CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum aetnense Tineo 

Sedum stefco Stef. 

Semperviviam ciliosum Craib 

Sempervivum kindingeri Adamcvic 
CRUCIFERAE 

Alyssum doerfleri Degen 

Alyssum leucadeum Guss. 

Alyssum markgrafii O.E.Schulz 

Alyssum wulfenianum Bemh. 

Arabis subflava B. M.G.Jones 

Cardamine maritima Portenschlag ex DC. 

Crambe tataria Sebeok 

Hesperis macedonica Adamovic 

Hesperis theophrasti Borbas 

Hymenolobus procumbens (L. ) Nutt. ex 
Torrey S A.Gray 

Schivereckia doerfleri (Wettst. ) Bornm. 



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YUGOSLAVIA 



326 - 



CYPERACEAE 

Carex brevicollis DC. 
Carex grioletii Roemer 
Carex phyllostachys C.A.Meyer 
Eleocharis carniolica Koch 
Eriophorum gracile Koch 
DIPSACACEAE 

Knautia albanica Briq. 

Succisella petteri (J.Kerner S Murb.) 
Beck 
DROSERACEAE 

Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. 
ELATINACEAE 

Elatine alsinastrum L. 
ERICACEAE 

Rhododendron luteuin Sweet 
GENTIANACEAE 

Gentiana dinarica Beck 
GESNERIACEAE 

Ramonda serbica Panftitf 
GRAMINEAE 

Helictotrichon petzense Melzer 

Stipa borysthenica Klokov ex Prokudin 
IRIDACEAE 

Iris humilis Georgi 
LABIATAE 

Micromeria parviflora (Vis.) Reichenb. 

Stachys beckeana Doerfler S Hayek 

Teucriian arduini L. 

Thymus richardii Pers. 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Argyrolobium biebersteinii P.W.Ball 

Astragalus dasyanthus Pallas 

Astragalus fialae Degen 

Astragalus muelleri Steudel & Hochst. 

Astragalus physocalyx Fischer 

Genista holopetala (Fleischm. ex Koch) 
Baldacci 

lathyrus pancicii (Jurisic) Adatnovic 

Qxytropis prenja (Beck) Beck 

Vicia montenegrina Rohl. 

Vicia sparsiflora Ten. 
LILIACEAE 

Allium suaveolens Jacq. 

Colchicum arenarium Waldst. & Kit. 

Fritillaria gussichiae (Degen & 
Doerfler) Rix 

Fritillaria macedonica Bornm. 

Fritillaria stribrnyi Velen. 

Narthecium scardicum Kosanin 

Tulipa urumoffii Hayek 
OLEACEAE 

Forsythia europaea Degen & Baldacci 
ORCH IDACEAE 

Cypripedium calceolus L. 

Hammarbya paludosa (L.) Kuntze 

Liparis loeselii (L. ) Rich. 



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YUGOSLAVIA 



327 - 



OROBANCHACEAE 

Orobanche serbica Beck & Petrovic 
Phelypaea boissieri (Reuter) Stapf 
PLANTAGINACEAE 

Plantago reniformis Beck 
PLUMBAGINACEAE 

Goniolimon dalmaticum (C.Presl) 
Reichenb.f . 
RANUNCULACEAE 

Aquilegia amaliae Heldr. ex Boiss- 
Aquilegia dinarica Beck 
Aquilegia kitaibelii Schott 
Ranunculus cacuminis Strid & Papaflifi. 
Ranunculus fontanus C.Presl 
RHAMNACEAE 

Rhamnus intermedius Steudel & Hochst. 
ROSACEAE 

Malus florentina (Zuccagni) 

C.K.Schneider 
Potentilla visianii Pancic 
Sibbaldia parviflora Willd. 
Sibiraea altaiensis (Laxm. ) 

C.K.Schneider 
Spiraea cana Waldst. & Kit. 
Spiraea crenata L. 
RUBIACEAE 

Galium degenii Baldacci ex Degen 
Galium kerneri Degen & Doerfler 
RUT ACE A E 

Haplophyllum boissieranum Vis. s Pancic 
SALICACEAE 

Salix bicolor Willd. 
SANTALACEAE 

Thesium auriculatum Vandas 
SAXIFRAGACEAE 

Saxifraga paradoxa Sternb. 
SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Euphrasia marchesettii Wettst. ex 

Marches. 
Lindernia procumbens (Krocker ) Philcox 
Melampyrum doerfler i Ronn. 
Melampyrum heracleoticum Boiss. & Orph. 
Pedicularis limnogena A.Kerner 
Rhinanthus asperulus (Murb. ) Soo 
Scrophularia bosniaca Beck 
Verbascum adenanthum Bornm. 
Verbascum nicolai Rohl. 
SOLANACEAE 

Mandragora officinarum L. 
TRAPACEAE 

Trapa natans L. 
TYPHACEAE 

Typha minima Funk 

Typha shuttleworthii Koch & Bonder 



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YUGOSLAVIA 



- 328 - 



UMBELLIFERAE 

Angelica palustris (Besser) Hoffman 
Apium repens ( Jacq. ) Lag. 
• Chaerophyllum coloratura L. 
Eryngium alpinmn L. 
Laserpitlum archangelica Wulfen 
Peucedanura coriaceum Reichenb. 

VALERIANACEAE 

Valeriana bertiscea Panfiifi R R 

VIOLACEAE 

Viola beckiana Fiala R R 

Viola brachyphylla W.Becker R R 

Viola elegantula Schott R R 

Viola eximia Formanek R R 

Viola kosaninii (Degen) Hayek R R 

Viola speciosa Pantocsek R R 



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YUGOSLAVIA 



- 329 - 

9 . Insufficiently Known Species 
(excluding species on endemic lists) 



Achillea abrotanoides 
Achillea aspleniifolia 
Achillea cartilaginea 
Achillea erba-rotta 
Achillea laptop hyl la 
Achillea virescens 
Aconitum lasiostomum 
Aeon i turn moldavicum 
Adenophora lilifolia 
Adonis volgensis 
Aegialina salzmannii 
Aegilops dichasians 
Aeluropus lagopoides 
Agrostis clavata 
Agrostis durieui 
Agrostis mertensii 
Aizoon hispanicum 
Allium acutiflorum 
Allium albidum 
Allium bornmuelleri 
Allium breviradium 
Allium cyrilei 
Allium orientale 
Allium pardoi 
Alliiffii podoliciim 
Allium scorzonerifolium 
Allium stamineum 
Alliiom subvillosTim 
Alopecurus setarioides 
Ammi crinitum 
Anchusa gmelinii 
Anchusa leptophylla 
Anchusa macedonica 
Androsace wulfeniana 
Andrzeiowskia cardamine 
Anthemis melanolepis 
Anthemis wi edema nniana 
*Anthriscus tenerrima 
Aphyllanthes monspeliensis 
Aquilegia kitaibelii 
Aquilegia transsilvanica 
Arctagrostis latifolia 
Arctophila fulva 
Arenaria deflexa 
Arenaria ligericina 
Arenaria pomelii 
Argusia sibirica 
Aristolochia incisa 
Aristolochia pontica 
*Armeria daveaui 
Armoracia macrocarpa 



Artemisia lerchiana 
Artemisia umbelliformis 
Artemisia tschernieviana 
Arum elongatum 
Asperula rupicola 
Astragalus corniculatus 
Astragalus dolichophyllus 
Astragalus galegiformis 
Astragalus glaucus 
Astragalus mesopterus 
Astrodaucus littoralis 
Avena eriantha 
Avena longiglumis 
Ave n a mu rphy i 
Avena prostrata 
Avenula cincinnata 
Avenula mirandana 
Avenula murcica 
Avenula pruinosa 
Avenula requienii 
*Barbarea longirostris 
Bassia sedoides 
Bidens radiata 
Biscutella brevifolia 
Biscutella nicaeensis 
Biscutella radicata 
Brassica toumefortii 
Bromus alopecuros 
Bromus pannonicus 
Bromus pseudosecalinus 
Bromus tomentellus 
Bulbocodium versicolor 
Bunium pachypodum 
Cachrys pungens 
Calamagrostis chalybaea 
*Calainintha incana 
Calendula stellata 
Camelina macrocarpa 
Campanula baumgartenii 
Campanula gelida 
*Campanula velebitica 
Capnophyllum peregrinum 
Caragana frutex 
Cardamine quinquefolia 
Carduus micropterus 
Carduus sandwithii 
Carduus uncinatus 
Carex intricata 
Carex lyngbyei 
Carex pyrenaica 
Carex rhynchophysa 



Insufficiently Known Species 



- 330 



Carex secalina 
Carthamus tenuis 
Castellia tuberculosa 
Caucalis bischoffii 
Centaurea brachtii 
Centaurea dracunculifolia 
Centaurea gracilenta 
Centaurea leucophaea 
Centaurea marschalliana 
Centaurea ovina 
Centaurea polyclada 
Centaurea sphaerocephala 
Centaurea tenuiflora 
Centaurea tragacanthoides 
Centaurea trichocephala 
Centaurea trinervis 
Centaurea urgellensis 
Centaurium microcalyx 
Centaurium suff ruticosum 
Cephalaria squamiflora 
Ceratocarpus arenarius 
Chaerophyllum euboeum 
Chamaecytisus danubialis 
Chamaecytisus tommasinii 
Cirsium alatmn 
Cirsium grecescui 
Cirsium morisianum 
Cirsium richteranum 
Cirsium serrulatvim 
Cirsium spathulatum 
Clematis orientalis 
Colchicum callicymbium 
Colutea cilicica 
Conioselinum tataricum 
Consolida hellespontica 
Consolida uechtritziana 
Convolvulus boissieri 
Corispermum hyssopi folium 
Crataegus nigra 
Crataegus schraderana 
Crepis bourgeaui 
Crepis micrantha 
Crepis spathulata 
Crucianella imbricata 
Cruciata taurica 
Ctenopsis delicatula 
Ctenopsis gypsophila 
Cutandia divaricata 
Cutandia memphitica 
Cymbalaria longipes 
Cyperus mundtii 
Dactylorhiza russowii 



* Damasonium polyspermum 
Delphinium emarginatum 
Desmazeria sicula 
Dianthus arenarius 
Dianthus bessarabicus 
Dianthus campestris 
Dianthus guttatus 
Dianthus pavonius 
Dianthus pratensis 
Dianthus viridescens 
Dichanthium insculptum 
Dioscorea balcanica 
Dipsacus gmelinii 
Draba aspera 

Draba heterocoma 
Draba pacheri 
Echinophora spinosa 
Echinops fontqueri 
Echinops oxyodontus 
Elymus alaskanus 
Elymus flaccidifolius 
Elymus nodosus 
Elymus pungens 
Epilobium atlanticum 
Epipactis muelleri 
Eremopyrum orientale 
Eremopyrum triticeum 
Erigeron epiroticus 
Erodium alnifolium 
Erodium hofftianum 

* Erodium manescavi 
Erodium ruthenicum 
Erophila minima 
Eryngium barrelieri 
Eryngium glaciale 
Erysimum suff ruticosum 
Euphorbia arguta 
Euphorbia dracunculoides 
Euphorbia gayi 
Euphorbia petrophila 

* Euphorbia sojakii 
Euphorbia valliniana 
Euphrasia cisalpina 
Euphrasia saamica 
Filago desertorum 
Filago hispanica 
Fimbristylis ferruginea 
Fontanesia philliraeoides 
Fritillaria pontica 
B\miaria martinii 
Fumaria mirabilis 
Fumaria purpurea 



Insufficiently Known Species 



- 331 



Fumaria rupestris 
Gagea dubia 
Gagea granatelli 
Gagea nevadensis 
Gagea polymorpha 
Gagea szovitzii 
Gagea trinervia 
Galium abaujense 

* Galium baeticum 
Galium bernardii 
Galium demissum 
Galium longifolium 
Galium procurrens 
Galium protopycnotrichum 
Galium pseudohelveticum 
Galium saxosum 

Galium sudeticum 
Genna ria dip hyl la 
Gentiana rostanii 

* Gentianella albanica 

* Gentianella crispata 
Gentianella detonsa 

* Geocaryum cynapioides 
Geranium collinum 
Geranium endressii 
Gladiolus dubius 
Globularia gracilis 
Glyceria lithuanica 
Goniolimon besseranum 
Gypsophila collina 
Gypsophila glomerata 
Gypsophila perfoliata 
Gypsophila spergulifolia 
Halimione verrucifera 
Halocnemum strobilaceum 
Helichrysum rupestre 
Helictotrichon cantabricum 
Helictotrichon filifolium 
Helictotrichon planifolium 
Helictotrichon setaceum 
Herniaria polygama 
Hohenackeria polyodon 
Hydrilla verticillata 
Hypericum atomarium 
Hypericum australe 
Hypericum gentianoides 
Iberis stricta 

Iris juncea 
Iris pontica 
Juncus sorrentini 
Jurinea linearifolia 
Kalidium foliatum 



Kleinia mandraliscae 
Knautia calycina 
Knautia dinarica 
Knautia mollis 
Knautia salvadoris 
Knautia transalpina 
Kochia laniflora 
Koeleria besseri 
Koeleria cenisia 
Koeleria crassipes 
Keolpinia linearis 
Lathyrus bauhinii 
Lathyrus cirrhosus 
Lathyrus pisiformis 
Lathyrus triloba 
Launaea lanifera 
Launaea resedifolia 
Lens orientalis 
Leontodon schischkinii 
Leuzea altaica 
Ligusticum ferulaceum 
Lilium candidum 
Lilium carniolicum 
Limonium anfractum 
Limonium bonduellei 
Limonium tomentellum 
Linum deciimbens 
Linum pallasianum 
Linum virgultorum 
Logfia clementei 
Lomatogonium rota turn 
Lophochloa pumila 
lophochloa salzmannii 
Lotus strictus 
Marrubium alternidens 
Matthiola longipetala 
Matthiola lunata 
Medicago soleirolii 
Melampyrum saxosum 
Melilotus infesta 
Melilotus taurica 
Microstylis monphyllos 
Minuartia geniculata 
Moehringia lateriflora 
Moehringia sedifolia 
Moehringia tejedensis 
Myosotis litoralis 
Narcissus elegans 
Narduroides salzmannii 
Nepeta pa rvi flora 
Nepeta ucranica 
Nitraria schoberi 



Insufficiently Known Species 



332 



Ononis euphrasiifolia 
Ononis hispida 

* Ononis laxiflora 
Onopordimi caulescens 
Ophyrs ferruip-equinuin 
Ophrys pallida 
Ophrys spruneri 
Orchis patens 
Oreochloa seslerioides 
Origanum majoricum 
Ornithogalxom armeniaciim 
Ornithogalvun oreoides 
Ornithogalvun reverchonii 
Omithogalum wiedemannii 
Orobanche clausonis 

* Orobanche densiflora 

* Orobanche maritima 
Orobanche schultzii 
Paeonia daurica 
Palinbia rediviva 
Panicum maximum 
Papaver dahlianum 
Parapholis pycnantha 

* Paronychia macrosepala 
Paronychia taurica 
Pedicularis dasyantha 
Petrosimonia brachiata 
Petrosimonia triandra 
Peucedanum tauricura 
Phyteuma cordatum 
Picris scaberrima 

* Pilularia minuta 
Pistacia atlantica 
Plantago maxima 
Poa versciolor 
Polycnemum verrucosum 
Polygala sibirica 

* Polygonxom gramini folium 
Portenschagiella 

ramosissima 

Potentilla bifurca 
Potentilla petrophila 
Primula nutans 
Psoralea americana 
Pycnocomon rutifolium 
Pyrus caucasica 
Ranunculus isthmicus 
Ranunculus sphaerospennus 
Reseda orientalis 
Rumex pseudonatronatus 
Rumex ucranicus 
Ruscus hypophyllum 
Salix aegyptiaca 



Salix pyrolifolia 
Salix stipulifera 

* Salvia candidissima 
Saponaria lutea 
Satureja salzmannii 
Saxifraga hirculus 
Saxifraga luteoviridis 
Scirpus pseudosetaceus 
Scirpus pumilus 
Scirpus radicans 
Scolochloa festucacea 
Scorzonera brevicaulis 
Scrophularia grandiflora 
Secale sylvestre 
Senecio flavus 
Senecio halleri 
Senecio helenitis 
Serratula wolfii 
Sesleria wettsteinii 
Silene cephallenia 
Silene discolor 

Silene multiflora 
Sisymbrella dentata 
Spergularia australis 
Stachys arenaria 
Stachys marrubiifolia 
Stellaria humifusa 
Stellaria longipes 
Stipa dasyvaginata 
Stipa pontica 

* Symphyandra wanneri 
Symphytxmi tauricum 
Tetragonolubus conjugatus 

* Thalictrum morisonii 
Thesium dollineri 
Trifolium spumosum 
Torilis tenella 
Trachomitum venetum 
Tragopogon elatior 
Tragopogon hayekii 
Tricholaena teneriffae 
Trifolium congestum 

* Trifolium nervulosum 
Trigonella cariensis 
Trigonella coerulescens 
Trigonella comiculata 
Trigonella maritima 
Trigonella smyrnaea 
Trinia multicaulis 
Triplachne nitens 

* Tripleurospermum rosellum 
Trisetaria dufourei 



Insufficiently Known Species 



332 



Trisetum baregense 
Trisetum macrochaetmn 
Trisetum scabriusculum 
Trisetum sibiricum 
Trisetum tenui forme 
Tuberaria villosissima 
Tulipa orphanidea 
Urginea undulata 
Utricularia bremii 
Valerianella puberula 
Verbascum pinnatifidum 
Verba scum rupestre 



Veronica bachofenii 
Veronica baumgartenii 
Vicia biennis 
Vicia durandii 
Viola bertolonii 
Viola Corsica 
Viola demetria 
Viola parvula 
Viola selkirkii 
Viola uliginosa 
Wahlenbergia nutabunda 
Wangenheimia lima 



For species marked by an asterisk, a departure from Flora Europaea is 
involved, either in nomenclature, taxonomy or distributional data. 
Further information on individual cases can be given by the 
Secretariat on request. 



Insufficiently Known Species 



- 334 - 
Appendix 1 

CYPRUS 

BJDEMIC TAXA 

GYMNOSPERMAE 
PINACEAE 

Cedrus libani A.Rich, ssp. brevifolia 

(Hook.f . ) Meikle R 

ANGIOSPERMAE 

AMARANTHACEAE 

Bosea cypria Boiss. nt 

AMARYLLIDACEAE 

Narcissus tazetta L. ssp. cypria (Haw.) 

Boiss. nt 

BORAGINACEAE 

Cynoglossmn troodi Lindb.f. V 

Onosma caespitosum Kotschy R 

Onosma fruticosvun Sibth. S Smith nt 

Onosma troodi Kotschy R 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE 

Arenaria rhodia Boiss. ssp. cypria 

(Holmboe) McNeill nt 

Dianthus cyprius A.K.Jackson S Turrill V 

Minuartia sintenisii (Lindb.f.) Rech.f. nt 
Minuartia subtilis (Fenzl) Hand.-Mazz. 

ssp. filicaulis (Lindb.f.) McNeill nt 
Petrohagia kennedyae (A.K.Jackson & 

Turrill) Meikle nt 

Saponaria cypria Boiss* R 

Silene fraudatrix Meikle R 

Silene galataea Boiss. nt 

Silene gemma ta Meikle nt 

Silene laevigata Sibth. & Smith nt 

CHENOPODIACEAE 

Bassia pulverulenta Lindb.f. K 

CISTACEAE 

Helianthemum obtusifolium Dunal nt 

COMPOS IT AE 

Anthemis cypria Boiss. K 

Anthemis cypricola Lindb.f. K 

Anthemis melanolepis Boiss. K 

Anthemis tricolor Boiss. nt 

Carlina pygmaea (Post) Holmboe nt 

Centaurea angusticeps Lindb.f. K 

Centaurea veneris B.L.Burtt S P.H.Davis nt 
Cephalorrhynchus cypricus (Beauverd) 

Rech.f. nt 

Jurinea cypria Boiss. V 

Lactuca tetrantha B.L.Burtt & P.H.Davis V 

Onopordum cyprium Eig K 

Scorzonera troodea Boiss. nt 

CRASSDLACEAE 

Rosularia cypria (Holmboe) Meikle nt 

Rosularia pallidiflora (Holmboe) Meikle nt 

Sedum cyprium A.K.Jackson & Turrill R 

Sedum lampusae (Kotschy) Boiss. R 

CYPRUS 



335 - 



CRASSULACEAE 

Sedum microstachyum (Kotschy) Boiss. R 

Sedum porphyreum Kotschy nt 
CRUCIFERAE 

Alyssum akamasicura B.L.Burtt E 

Alyssum chondrogynmn B.L.Burtt R 

Alyssiom troodi Boiss. nt 

Arabis cypria Holmboe nt 

Arabis kennedyae Meikle E 

Arabis purpurea Sibth. S Smith nt 

Brassica hilarionis Post V 

Thlaspi cyprium Bomm. nt 
CYPERACEAE 

Carex distans L. ssp. binerviformis 

Holmboe K 

Carex troodi Turrill K 

Cyperus cyprius Post K 
DIPSACACEAE 

Pterocephalus multiflorus Poech nt 

Scabiosa cyprica Boiss. R 
EUPHORBIACEAE 

Euphorbia cypria Boiss. I 

Euphorbia veneris Khan R 
FAGACEAE 

Quercus alnifolia Poech nt 
Quercus infectoria Olivier ssp. veneris 

Kermer K 
GRAMINEAE 

Agrostis cypricola Lindb.f. K 

Brachypodium firmifolium Lindb.f. K 

Lindbergia sintenisii (Lindb.f. ) Bor K 
HYPERICACEAE 

Hypericum repens L. nt 
IRIDACEAE 

Crocus cyprius Boiss. & Kotschy E 

Crocus hartmannianus Holmboe E 

Crocus veneris Tappeiner nt 

Gladiolus triphyllus Sibth. & Smith nt 

Iris cypriana Foster & Baker nt 
LABIATAE 

Amaracus cordifolius Mont. & Aucher-Eley 

ex Benth. E 

Ballota integrifolia Benth. nt 

Ballota wettsteinii Rech. R 

Calamintha troodi Post R 

Mentha cyprica H.Braun K 

Micromeria cypria Kotschy nt 

Nepeta troodi Holmboe nt 

Origanum pseudo-onites Lindb.f. K 

Phlcffliis brevibracteata Turrill R 

Phlomis cypria Post R 

Salvia crassifolia Sibth. S Smith R 

Salvia cypria Kotschy K 
Salvia grandiflora Etlinger ssp. 

willeana Holmboe K 

Scutellaria cypria Rech.f. K 

Sideritis cypria Post R 



CYPRUS 



- 336 



LABIATAE 

Teucrium cyprium Boiss • nt 
Teucriiim divaricatum Sieber ssp. 

canescens Holmboe nt 

Teucrium kotschyanum Poech nt 

Thymus integer Griseb. nt 
LEGUMINOSAE 

Astragalus cyprius Boiss* nt 
Astragalus macrocarpus DC. ssp. 

lefkarensis Agerer-Kirchoff & Meikle E 

Hedysarum cyprium Boiss. nt 

Onobrychis venosa (Desf.) Desvaux nt 
Trifolium campestre Schreber ssp. 

paphium Meikle K 

LILIACEAE 

Allium autumnale P.H.Davis I 

Allium troodi Lindb.f. I 

Allium willeanum Holmboe I 

Chionodoxa lochiae Meikle E 

Colchicum troodi Kotschy nt 

Gagea juliae Pascher K 

Ornithogalum chionophilum Holmboe nt 
Omithogalum pedicellare Boiss. S 

Kotschy K 

Scilla morrisii Meikle E 

Tulipa cypria Stapf V 

Tulipa veneris A.D.Hall I 

ORCHIDACEAE 

Epipactis troodi Lindb.f. V 
Ophrys argolica Fleischm. ssp. elegans 

(Renz) Erich Nelson V 

Ophrys kotschyi Fleischm. & Soo V 

PLHMBAGINACEAE 

Limonixom sp. (=Statice mucronulata K 

PRIMULACEAE 

Cyclamen cyprium Kotschy nt 

RANUNCULACEAE 

Delphinium caseyi B.L.Burtt E 

Ranunculus kykkoensis Meikle E 
Ranunculus millefoliatus Vahl ssp. 

leptaleus (DC. ) Meikle nt 

ROSACEAE 

Rosa chionistrae Lindb.f. R 

RUBIACEAE 

Asperula cypria Ehrendorfer nt 

Rubia laurae (Holmboe) Airy Shaw nt 

SCROPHULARIACEAE 

Odontites cypria Boiss. R 

UMBELLIFERAE 

Bupleurum sintenisii Aschers . & Urban ex 

Huter nt 

Ferula cypria Post r 

Ferulago cypria H.Wolff r 

Pimpinella cypria Boiss. r 



CYPRUS 



337 - 



URTICACEAE 

Urtica dioica L. ssp. cypria Lindb.f. K 

NON-ENDEMIC TAXA COUNTRY REGIONAL 

CATEGORY CATEGORY 

ANGIOSPERMAE 
LILIACEAE 

Allium junceum Sibth. & Smith nt nt 



CYPRUS 



- 338 -: 



TURKEY. 



Endemic Species 



Abies cilicica ssp. isaurica 

Abies nordmanniana ssp. bommuellericina 

Abies nordmanniana ssp. equi-trojani 

Acer divergens 

Acer hyrcamum ssp. sphaerocaryim 

Acer monspessulanum ssp. oksalianum 

Achillea aleppica ssp. zederbaueri 

Achillea armenorum 

Achillea boissieri 

Achillea brachyphylla 

Achillea cappadocica 

Ac^iillea cucullata 

Achillea goniocephala 

Achillea gypsicola 

Achillea kotschyi ssp. canescens 

Achillea lycaonica 

Achillea magnifica 

Achillea aonocephctla 

Achillea ntultifida 

Achillea nobilis ssp. denslssima 

Achillea nobilis ssp. Icurdica 

Achillea nobilis ssp. sipylea 

Achillea phrygia 

Achillea pseudoaleppica 

Achillea scdiisch)u.rLil 

Achillea sieheetna 

Achillea sintenisii 

Achillea sipilcorensis 

Achillea spinul i folia 

Ac^iillea teretifolia 

Aethionema caespitosum 

Aethionema capitatum 

Aethionema eunomioides 

Aethionema froedinii 

Aethionema thesiifolium 



Aethionema glaucascens 
Aethionema lepidioides 
Aethionema schistosun 
Aethionema sintenisii 
Aethionema subulatum 
Alcea apterocarpa 
Alcea calvertii 
Alcea fasciculiflora 
Alcea pisidica 
Alyssum aizoides 
Alyssum anatolicum 
Alyssum argyrophyllum 
Alyssum artvinense 
Alyssum aurantiacimi 
Alyssum blepharocarpum 
Alyssim bornmuelleri 
Alyssum bulbotrichum 
Alyssum caespitosxim 
Alyssum callichroxjm 
Alyssum caricum 
Alyssum cephalotes 
Alyssum cilicicum 
Alyssum comingii 
Alyssum crenulatum 
Alyssum davisianum 
Alyssum discolor 
Alyssum dubertretii 
Alyssum eriophyllimi 
Alyssum erosulum 
Alyssum filiforme 
Alyssum floribundum 
Alyssum giosnanum 
Alyssum harputician 
Alyssum haussknechtii 
Alyssum huber-morathii 



TURKEY 



- 339 



Alyssura huetii 

Alyssiom lepidoto-stellatum 

Alyssum lepidotum 

Alyssum lycaonicuni 

Alyssum macropodum 

Alyssiom masmenaeum 

Alyssum niveum 

Alyssum ochroleucum 

Alyssum oxycarpum 

Alyssiim paphlagonicum 

Alyssum pateri 

Alyssum peltarioides 

Alyssum pinifolium 

Alyssum praecox 

Alyssum propinquum 

Alyssum pseudo-mo uradicum 

Alyssum pterocarpum 

Alyssum stylare 

Alyssum tetrastemon 

Alyssum thymops 

Alyssum trapeziforme 

Alyssum trichocarpum 

Alyssum virgatum 

Amelanchier parvif lora 

Amphoricazpos exsul 

AnQrgdalus carduchorum ssp. serrata 

Anacyclus latealatus 

Anchoniimi elicharysifolium ssp. 

canescens 

Anchonium elichrysifolium ssp. 

glandulosum 

Anchonium elichrysifolium ssp. 

villosum 

Ankyropetaliim arsusianum 

Ankyropetalum reuteri 

Anthemis adonidifolia 

Anthemis ammophila 

Anthemis anthemiformis 

Anthemis antitaurica 



Ant±iemis arenicola 

Anthemis armeniaca 

Anthemis cretica ssp. argaea 

Anthemis cuneata 

Anthemis davisii 

Anthemis dipsacea 

Anthemis fimbriata 

Anthemis fulvida 

Anthemis fumariifolia 

Anthemis halophila 

Anthemis melanoloma ssp. trapezuntica 

Anthemis oxylepis 

Anthemis pauciloba 

Anthemis pestalozzae 

Anthemis pungens 

Anthenis sintenisii 

Anthemis tricornis 

Anthemis wallii 

Anthemis xylopoda 

Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. variegata 

Arabis abietina 

Arabis androsacea 

Arabis aubrietioides 

Arabis carduchorum 

Arabis drabiformis 

Arabis graellsiiformis 

Arenaria acerosa 

Arenaria acutisepala 

Arenciria angustifolia 

Arenaria angustisepala 

Arenaria antitaurica 

Arenaria armeniaca 

Arenaria davisii 

Arenaria deflexa ssp. microsepala 

Arenaria drvpidea 

Arenaria isaurica 

Arenaria kotschyana 

Arenaria ledebouriana 



TURKEY 



340 - 



Arenaria luschanii 

Arenaria macrosepala 

Arenaria pamphylica ssp. alpestxis 

Arenaria pamphylica ssp. pamphylica 

Arenaria pseudacantiiolimon 

Arenaria saponarioides ssp. 

s aponario ides 

Arenaria scariosa 

Arenaria sipylea 

Arenaria speluncaxum 

Arenaria tmolea 

Aren£u:ia uninervia 

Asplenium reuteri 

Astragalus acicularis 

Astragalus acmonotrichus 

Astragalus acmophylloides 

Astragalus acnopihyllus 

Astragalus adunciformis 

Astragalus odustus 

Astragalus aintabicus 

Astragalus albicalycinos 

Astrageulus albifolius 

Astragalus alindanus 

Astxageilus amasiensls 

Astragalus amoenus 

Astragalus andxasovszkyi 

Astragalus angustiflorus ssp. 

amanus 

Astragalus angustiflorus ssp. 

anatolicus 

Astragalus anthylloides 

Astragalus antiochianus 

As tragaliis argaeus 

Astragalus armeniacus 

Astragalus asciocalyx 

Astragalus atrocarpus 

Astreigalus aucheri 

Astrageilus baibutensis 



Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astreigalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astreigalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalxis 
TkStragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
As tragalxis 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 



balansae 

balkisensis 

barba-jovis 

barbarae 

barbeyanus 

bashkalensis 

bay topi anus 

berytius 

bicolor 

bomby calyx 

brachypterus 

bracteosus 

cadmicus 

campy losema 

canescens 

cariensis 

caudi culos us 

celakovskyanus 

chamaephaca 

chrysochlorus 

chthonocephcLLus 

cicerellus 

cinerexis 

clavatus 

coadunatus 

coarctatus 

columnaris 

commagenicus 

comosoides 

compactus 

condensatus 

consimilis 

coodei 

crassinervius 

crinitus 

cxispis tipulatus 

cylindraceus 



TURKEY 



3A1 



Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
As tragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragal VIS 
Astragalus 
As tragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
As tragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
As tragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
As tragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 



cymbibracteatus 

cyrabos tegius 

czorochensis 

dasycarpus 

davisii 

dccurrens 

delanensis 

delbesii 

densifolius 

diphtherolobus 

dipodurus 

dipsaceus 

dirmilensis 

dis tinctiss imus 

edmondii 

elatus 

elbistanicus 

elongatus 

eriocephalus 

eriophyllus 

ermineus 

erythrotaeniiis 

eubrychioides 

flavescens 

fodinarum 

fumosus 

gaeobotrys 

gevcishensis 

gilvus 

globosus 

goeznensis 

gymnalopecias 

gymnolobus 

hakkiaricus 

halicabus 

hareftae 

haussknechtii 



Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
As tragalus 
Astragalus 

Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 



heldreichii 

hilaris 

hirsutus 

humillimus 

icmadophilus 

idae 

imbricatus 

isauricus 

karamasicus 

karputanus 

kastamonuensis 

kirshehiricus 

lagowskii 

lamarckii 

latistipulatus 

leporinus 

leptothamnus 

leucothrix 

listoniae 

longifolius 

lycius 

lydius 

macrocephalus ssp. 

macrocephalus 

macros cepus 

mardinensis 

melanocarpus 

melanocephalus 

aielanophrurius 

melitenensis 

mesogitanus 

micropterus 

microrchis 

mitchelianus 

nukusiensis 

nabelekii 

nervulosxis 



TURKEY 



- 342 



Astragalus nitens 

Astragalus noeanus 

Astragalus oltensis 

Astragalus oocephalios ssp. 

s tachyophorus 

Astragalus oreites 

Astragalus ovalis 

Astragalus ovatus 

Astragalus ovinus 

Astragalus oxytropifoLius 

Astragalus paecilcmthus 

Astr2igalus pemduratus 

Astragalus papasianus 

Astragalus patnosicus 

Astrageilus pelUger 

AstragaU.us peiuiatulus 

Astragcilus peimatus 

AstxagcLlus phcmothrlx 

Astrag2U.us phrygius 

Astragalus pinetorum 

Astragalus pisidlqus 

Astragalus plumosus 

Astragalus podpezae 

Astragalus polpnrmiactas 

Astragalus prusianus 

Astragalus pseudocaspius 

AstragzLlus pseudocyllndraceus 

Astragalus psllaooos 

Astragalus psoraloides 

AstragcU.us ramicaudex 

Astrageilus rechingeri 

AstragzLlus renzli 

AstragsLlus roseocalycinus 

Astragalus sachanewli 

Astragalus scabrlfolius 

Astragalus schizopterus 

Astragalus scholerianus 

Astragalus sciiottlanus 



Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Ttetragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 

Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 
Astragalus 



sen cans 

setulosus 

shepardii 

sibthorpianus 

sigmoideus 

sonamerensis 

sorgerae 

sparsipills 

spectabilis 

squalidus 

stenosemioldes 

stenosemius 

stereocalyx 

stojanii 

strictispinis 

strigillosus 

suberosus ssp. ancyleus 

suberosus ssp. 

mersinensxs 

subuliferus 

syringus 

talasseus 

taochius 

tauricolus 

thiebautii 

tmoleus 

tokatensis 

tournefortii 

trachytrichus 

trichostigma 

trifoliastrum 

uhlwormianus 

ulaschensis 

vaginans 

velenowskyi 

venulosus 

vestitus 

vexillaris 



TURKEY 



343 - 



Astragalus viridissimus 
Astragalus voronovianus 
Astragalus vulnerariae 
Astragalus warackensis 
Astragalus warburgii 
Astragalxis wartoensis 
Astragalus wiedemannianus 
Astragalus xerophilus 
Astragalus xylobasis 
Astragalus yueksekovae 
Astragalus zahlbruckneri 
Astragalus zederbaueri 
Astrantia maxima ssp. haradjianii 
Atraphaxis grandiflora 
Aubrieta canescens ssp. canescens 
Aubrieta canescens ssp. cilicica 
Aubrieta olympica 
Aubrieta pinardii 
AutDrieta vulcanica 
Aurinia rupestris 

Barbarea auriculata 
Barbarea integrifolia 
Barbarea lutea 
Barbarea platycarpa 
Barbarea trichopoda 
Beta adanensis 
Beta trojana 
Bolanthus cherlerioides 
Bolanthus minuartioides 
Bolanthus spergulifolius 
Bolanthus thymoides 
Bommuellera angusti folia 
Bommuellera cappadocica 
Bommuellera glabrescens 
Bufonia calyculata 
Bunium brachyactis 



BuniuiTi microcarpum ssp. 

longiradiatum 

Bupleurum anatolicum 

Bupleurum davisii 

Bupleurum eginense 

Bupleurum erubescens 

Bupleurum heldreichii 

Bupleurum koechelii 

Bupleurum lophocarpimi 

Bupleurum lycaonicum 

Bupleurum papillosum 

Bupleurum pauciradiatum 

Bupleurum pendikum 

Bupleurum polyactis 

Bupleurum pulchellvmi 

Bupleurum schistosum 

Bupleurum setaceum 

Bupleurum subuniflorum 

Bupleurum sulphuretim 

Bupleurum turcicum 

Bupleurum zoharii 

Canelina anomala 

Carduus acanthoides ssp. 

sintenisii 

Carduus amanus 

Carduus lanuginosus 

Carduus nutans ssp. trojanus 

Carduus olympicus 

Carduus onopordioides ssp. turcicus 

Carduus rechingeranus 

Carlina oligocephala ssp. 

pallescens 

Centaurea aladaghensis 

Centaurea amaena 

Centaurea amanicola 

Centaurea amasiensis 

Centaurea anthemi folia 



TURKEY 



J44 ^ 



Centaurea antiochia 

Centaurea antitauri 

Centaurea aphrodisea 

Centaurea append! cigera 

Centaurea armena 

Centaurea aucherana 

Centaurea austro-cinatolica 

Centaurea bommuelleri 

Centaiirea bourgaei 

Centaurea brevifi mbriata 

Centaurea cadmea 

Centaurea calcitrapa ssp. clllcica 

Centaurea calolepis 

Centaurea cariensis 

Centaurea cataonlca 

Centaurea cheirolepidoides 

Centaurea chrysantha 

Centaiirea consanguinea 

Centaurea davisii 

Centaurea deflexa . 

Centaurea demirlzli. 

Centaurea derderlxfoLla 

Centaurea dicdiroa 

Centaurea doddsii 

Centaurea drablfolia 

Centaurea drablfolloides 

Centaurea ensifozmis 

Centaurea eugenii 

Centaurea fenzlii 

Centaurea follosa 

Centaurea germanioopolltana 

Centaurea gracllllma 

Centaurea heOekariensis 

Centaurea halophila 

Centaurea haradjicinil 

Centaurea haussknechtii 

Centaurea hedge! 



Centaurea helenioides 

Centaurea hermann!! 

Centaurea hierapolitana 

Centaurea holtzii 

Centaurea huber-morath!! 

Centaurea inexpectata 

Centaurea karduchoriim 

Centaurea kotschyi 

Centaurea kurd!ca 

Centaurea lan!gera 

Centaxirea leptophylla 

Centaurea long! £ i mh riata 

Centaurea luschan!ana 

Centaurea lycaonica 

Centaurea lycia 

Centaurea lycop!folia 

Centaurea lydia 

Centaurea math!olifolia 

Centaurea iiiucron!£era 

Centaurea nivea 

Centaurea obtus!£olla 

Centaurea odysse! 

Centaurea alyii9!ca 

Centaurea panphylica 

Centaurea paphlagon!ca 

Centaurea pecho 

Centaurea pergamacea 

Centaurea pestalozzae 

Centaurea pichler! ssp. extrarosularis 

Centaurea p!netoruDi 

Centaurea polun!n!i 

Centaurea psephello!des 

Centaurea pseudokotschyi 

Centaurea pseudoreflexa 

Centaurea ptos!iaopappa 

Centaurea ptosimopappo!des 

Centaurea pyrrhoblephara 



TURKEY 



345 - 



Centaurea reuterana 

Centaurea rhizocaiathium 

Centaurea saligna 

Centaurea schischkinii 

Centaurea sclerolepis 

Centaurea scopulorum 

Centaurea sericea 

Centaurea sessilis 

Centaurea sieheana 

Centaurea sipylea 

Centaurea sivasica 

Centaurea solstitialis ssp. cameola 

Centaurea solstitialis ssp. 

pyracantha 

Centaurea stapfiana 

Centaurea straminicephala 

Centaurea taochia 

Centaxirea tardiflora 

Centaxirea tchihatcheffii 

Centaurea tomentella 

Centaurea tossiensis 

Centaurea vermiculigera 

Centaurea wagenitzii 

Centaurea wiedemanniana 

Centaurea woronowii 

Centaurea zeybekii 

Cephalaria amana 

Cephalaria anatolica 

Cephalaria cilicica 

Cephalciria elma liens is 

Cephalaria haklciarica 

Cephalaria isaurica 

Cephalaria lycica 

Cephalaria paphlagonica 

Cephalaria salicifolia 

Cephalaria sparsipilosa 

Cephalaria speciosa 

Cephalaria szaboi 



Cephalaria taurica 

Cerastiun: arr.eniacuni 

Cerastiuia gnaphalodes 

Cerastium haussknechtii 

Cerastiua lazicuin 

Cerastium macranthiom 

Cerastium saccardoanua; 

Cerasus hippophaeoides 

Chaerophyllum hakkiaricum 

Chaerophyllun leucolaenum 

Chamaecytisus cassius 

Chamaecytisus drepanolobus 

Chesneya elegans 

Chondrilla spinosa 

Chronanthus orientalis 

Chrysocanela elliptica 

Chrysocamela noeana- 

Chrysophthalmum dichotomun 

Cicer echinospenaum 

Cicer floribundum 

Cicer isauricum 

Cicerbita boissieri 

Cicerbita brevirostris 

Cicerbita variabilis 

Cirsium alatum ssp. pseudocreticum 

Cirsium boluense 

Cirsium cassium 

Cirsium cilicicum 

Cirsium ellenbergii 

Cirsium hakkiaricxm 

Cirsium lappaceim ssp. tenuilobum 

Cirsium leucopsis 

Cirsium libanoticum ssp. lycaonicum 

Cirsixom poluninii 

Cirsium polycephalum 

Cirsium pseudopersonata ssp. 

pseudopersonata 

Cirsium simplex ssp. satdaghense 



TURKEY 



346 



Cirsium sintenisii 

Cirsium sipyleum 

Cirsium soramieri 

Cirsium steirolepis 

Cirsiiim trachylepis 

Clypeola ciliata 

Clypeola raddeana 

Cochlearia aucheri 

Cochlearia sempervivum 

Cochlearia sintenisii 

Conringia grandi flora 

Consolida aconiti 

Consolida armeniaca 

Consolida comuta 

Consolida cruciata 

Consolida glandulosa 

Consolida raveyi 

vjansolida stenocaxpa 

Consolida thirkeana 

Coronilla grandiflora 

Corydalls rutifolia ssp. kurdica 

Corydalis solida ssp. 

tauricola 

Cousinia aucheri 

Cousinia bicolor 

Cousinia birandiana 

Cousinia birecikensis 

Cousinia caesarea 

Cousinia cataonica 

Cousinia cirsioides 

Cousinia davisiana 

Cousinia decolorans 

Cousinia eleonorae 

Cousinia eriocephala 

Cousinia ermenekensis 

Cousinia euphratica 

Cousinia foliosa 



Cousinia hakkarica 

Cousinia halysensis 

Cousinia humilis 

Cousinia iconica 

Cousinia intertexta 

Cousinia nabelekii 

Cousinia satdagensis 

Cousinia sintenisii 

Cousinia sivasica 

Cousinia stapfiana 

Cousinia vanensis 

Cousinia woronowii 

Crataegus davisii 

Crataegus dikmensis 

Crataegus tanacetifolia 

Crenosciadium siifolium 

Crepis amanica 

Crepis armena 

Crepis aurea ssp. olympica 

Crepis bupleurifolia 

Crepis dioritica 

Crepis hakkarica 

Crepis macropus 

Cyathobasis fruticulosa 

Cymbocarpim amanun 

Cytisopsis dorycniifolia ssp. 

reeseana 

Cytisus acutangulus 

Delphinixim bithynicum 
Delphinium carduchorum 
Delphinium cinereum 
Delphinium dasystachyum 
Delphinium dolichostachyum 
Delphinium fissum 
Delphinium formosum 
Delphinium ilgazense 



TURKEY 



347 



Delphinixjm venulosum 
Dianthus acrochlorus 
Dianthus anatolicus 
Dianthus ancyrensis 
Dianthus andronakii 
Dianthus artwinensis 
Dianthus bal ansae 
Dianthus brevicaulis 
Dianthus carmelitarum 
Dianthus cibrarius 
Dianthus eldivenus 
Dianthus engleri 
Dianthus eretmopetalus 
Dianthus erinaceus 
Dianthus erythrocoleus 
Dianthus ingoldbyi 
Dianthus kastembeluensis 
Dianthus lactiflorus 
Dianthus leucophaeus 
Dianthus lydus 
Dianthus masmenaeus 
Dianthus muschianiis 
Dianthus plnmheus 
Dianthus recognitus 
Dianthus robustus 
Dianthus sessilif lorus 
Dianthus setisquameus 
Dianthus straminetis 
Dianthus zeberbaueri 
Dipsacus cephalarioides 
Doronicum balansae 
Doronicum bithynicum 
Doronicum cacaliifolium 
Doronicum haussknechtii 
Doronicum macrolepis 
Doronicum reticulatum 
Doroniciam tobeyi 



Dorycniun amani 

Dorycnium axilliflorun 

Dorycniun pentaphyllum ssp. 

haussknechtii 

Draba acaulis 

Draba bruniifolia ssp. armeniaca 

Draba cappadocica 

Draba elegans 

Draba haradjianii 

Draba rosularis 

Draba thylacocarpa 

Ebenus argentea 
Ebenus barbigera 
Ebenus boissieri 
Ebenus bourgaei 
Ebenus cappadocica 
Ebenus depressa 
Ebenus haussknechtii 
Ebenus hirsuta 
Ebenus laguroides 
Ebenus longipes 
Ebenus macrophylla 
Ebenus pisidica 
Ebenus plumosa 
Ebenus reesei 
Echinophora carvifolia 
Echinophora chrysantha 
Echinophora trichophylla 
Echinops emiliae 
Echinops melitensis 
Echinops onopordum 
Echinops pannosus 
Echinops phaeocephalus 
Echinops sintenisii 
Echinops vaginatus 
Erigeron cilicicus 



TURKEY 



348 



Erigeron zederbaueri 

Erodium absinthoides ssp. 

absinthoides 

Erodium absinthoides ssp. 

haradjianii 

Erodium absinthoides ssp. 

latifolium 

Erodium cedrorum 

Erodixm hakkiaricum 

Erodium leucanthun 

Erodium nicropetalum 

Erodium pelargoniiflorum 

Eryngium bithynicum 

Eryngium bommuelleri 

Eryngium ilex 

Eryngium kotschyi 

Eryngium pal mi to 

Eryngium thorifolium 

Erysimum alpestre 

Erysimum amasianum 

Erysimum Cciricum 

Erysimum deflexum 

Erysimum echinellum 

Erysimum eginense 

Erysimum kotschyemum 

Erysimum leptocarpum 

Erysimum lycaonicum 

Erysifflvsn pallidum 

Erysimum thyrsoideum 

Erysimum torulosum 

Erysimum uncinatifolium 

Ferula amanicola 
Ferula anatolica 
Ferula drudeana 
Ferula halophila 
Ferula huber-morathii 
Ferula longipedunculata 



Ferula lycia 
Ferula tenuissima 
Ferulago aucheri 
Ferulago blancheana 
Ferulago bracteata 
Ferulago isaurica 
Ferulago latiloba 
Ferulago longistylis 
Ferulago macros ciadia 
Ferulago mughlae 
Ferulago pachyloba 
Ferulago pauciradiata 
Ferulacgo platycarpa 
Ferulago sandrasica 
Ferulago silaifolia 
Ferulago thirkeana 
Frangula alnus ssp. pontica 
Froriepia gracill ima 
Fumana grandiflora 
Fumana trisperma 

Galatella amani 
Genista aucheri 
Genista burdurensis 
Genista involucrata . 
Geranium eginense 
Geranium glaberrimum 
Geremium ibericum ssp. jubatum 
Geranium lasiopus 
Glaucium acutidentatum 
Glaucium cappadocicum 
Glycyrrhiza asymmetrica 
Glycyrrhiza flavescens 
Glycyrrhiza iconica 
Gnaphalium leucopilinum 
Gonocytisus dimiilensis 
Graellsia davisiana 



TURKEY 



349 



Grammosciadium confcrtum 

Gypsophila adenophylla 

Gypsophila aucheri 

Gypsophila bitlisensis 

Gypsophila brachypetala 

Gypsophila briquetiana 

Gypsophila confertifolia 

Gypsophila curvifolia 

Gypsophila davisii 

Gypsophila eriocalyx 

Gypsophila festucifolia 

Gypsophila germanicopolitana 

Gypsophila glandulosa 

Gypsophila graminifolia 

Gypsophila heteropoda ssp. 

minutiflora 

Gypsophila lepidioides 

Gypsophila leucochlaena 

Gypsophila nodiflora 

Gypsophila oblanceolata 

Gypsophila olympica 

Gypsophila parva 

Gypsophila pilulifera 

Gypsophila pinifolia 

Gypsophila serpylloides 

Gypsophila simonii 

Gypsophila simulatrix 

Gypsophila tuberculosa 

Gypsophila tubulosa 

Haplophyllum armenxom 
Haplophyllum cappadocicum 
Haplophyllum megalanthum 
Haplophyllum myrtifolium 
Haplophyllum pumiliforme 
Haplophyllum telephioides 
Haplophyllum vulcanicum 
Hedysarum aucheri 



Hedysarum candidissimum 

Hedysarum cappadocicum 

Hedysarum erythroleucum 

Hedysarum laxum 

Hedysarum nitidum 

Hedysarum pestalozzae 

Hedysarum pogonocarpum 

Hedysarum pycnostachyum 

Hedysarum rotundi folium 

Hedysarum vanense 

Heldreichia bourgaei 

Heldreichia rotundifolia 

Helianthemxjm antitauricum 

Helianthemum germanicopolitcLnum 

Heliciiithemum nummularium ssp. 

lycaonicum 

Helianthemum strickeri 

Helichrysum arenarium ssp. 

erzincanicvun 

Helichrysum artvinense 

Helichrysum chasmolycicum 

Helichrysum chionophilum 

Helichrysum compactum 

Helichrysum heywoodianum 

Helichrysian noeanum 

Helichrysum pamphylicum 

Helleborus vesicarius 

Heptaptera cilicica 

Heracleum argaeum 

Heracleum crenatifolium 

Heracleum paphlogonicum 

Heracleum pastinaca 

Heracleum pastinacifoliim ssp. 

incanum 

Heracleum platytaenium 

Heracleum sphondylium ssp. 

artvinense 

Herniaria argaea 

Herniaria pisidica 



TURKEY 



- 350 - 



Herniaria saxatilis 

Hesperis aintabica 

Hesperis bottae 

Hesperis breviscapa 

Hesperis buschiana 

Hesperis campicarpa 

Hesperis cappadocica 

Hesperis kotschyi 

Hesperis matronalis ssp. cilicica 

Hesperis pisidica 

Hesperis schischkinii 

Hypericum adenotrichum 

Hypericum aviculariifolium 

Hypericum crenulatum 

Hypericiim fissurale 

Hypericxim huber-morathii 

Hypericum imbricatum 

Hypericum kotschyanum 

Hypericum marginatum 

Hypericum ninutum 

Hypericum monadenum 

Hypericum neurocalycinum 

Hypericiim olympicum ssp. 

auricula turn 

Hypericum polyphyllum 

Hypericum pseudolaeve 

Hypericum pumilio 

Hypericum rupestre 

Hypericum salsolifoliian 

Hypericum salsugineum 

Hypericum saxifragum 

Hypericum scabroides 

Hypericum spectabile 

Hypericum ternatum 

Hypericum thymbri folium 

Hypericum thymopsis 

Hypericum uniglandulosum 

Hypericum vacciniifolium 



Iberis carica 

Inula anatolica 

Inula fragilis 

Inula helenium ssp. orgyalis 

Inula macrocephala 

Inula sarana 

Isatis amani 

Isatis arenaria 

Isatis aucheri 

Isatis bitlisica 

Isatis callifera 

Isatis candolleana 

Isatis cappadocica ssp. alyssifolia 

Isatis cappadocica ssp. 

nurihaJcensis 

Isatis constricta 

Isatis erzurumica 

Isatis floribunda 

Isatis frigida 

Isatis glauca ssp. iconia 

Isatis huber-morathii 

Isatis lockmanniana 

Isatis pinnatiloba 

Isatis sivasica 

Isatis spatella 

Isatis spectabilis 

Isatis undulata 

Johrenia alpina 

Johrenia berytea 

Johrenia dichotoma ssp. sintenisii 

Johrenia polyscias 

Johrenia silenoides 

Jurinea ancyrensis 

Jurinea brevicaulis 

Jurinea cadmea 

Jurinea cataonica 

Jurinea pontica 



TURKEY 



351 - 



Kalidiopsis wagenitzii 
Kitaibelia balansae 
Knautia byzantina 
Knautia degenii 
Kxandmannia syriaca 

Lamyropsis lycia 

Laserpitium carduchorum 

Laserpitium petrophilum 

Lathyrus armenus 

Lathyrus brachypterus 

Lathyrus cilicicus 

Lathyrus czeczottianus 

Lathyrus elongatus 

Lathyrus karsianus 

Lathyrus laxiflorus ssp. 

angustifolius 

Lathyrus layardii 

Lathyrus lycicus 

Lathyrus phaselitanus 

Lathyrus satdaghensis 

Lathyrus tauricola 

Lathyrus trachycarpxis 

Lathyrus tukhtensis 

Lathyriis undulatus 

Lathyrus woronowii 

Lepidium caespitosum 

Leucocyclus fonnosus 

Linum anisocalyx 

Linum aretioides 

Linum boissieri 

Linum cariense 

Linum ciliatum 

Linum empetrifolium 

Linum flavum ssp. scabrinerve 

Linum hirsutum ssp. oreocaricum 

Linum hirsutum ssp. 

pseudoanatolicum 



Linum mucronatum ssp. gypsicola 

Linum obtusatum 

Linum olympicura 

Linum painphylicun 

Linum pycnophyllum ssp. kurdicum 

Linum tauricum ssp. bosphori 

Linum tmoleum 

Linum triflorum 

Linum unguiculatum 

Lonicera caucasica ssp. orientalis 

Lonicera nummulariifolia ssp. 

glcindulifera 

Malctbaila lasiocarpa 

Malabaila pastinacifolia 

Halope anatolica 

Matthiola anchoniifolia 

Matthiola montana 

Medicago shepardii 

Me 3j. lotus bi CXI lor 

Minuartia corymbulosa 

Minuaxtia dianthifolia 

Minucirtia glandulosa 

Minuartia gracilis 

Minuartia leucocephala 

Minuartia leucocephaloides 

Minuartia raesogitana ssp. brachycarpa 

Minuartia mesogitana ssp. flaccida 

Minuartia mesogitana ssp. lydia 

Minuartia mesogitana ssp. macrocarpa 

Minuartia pestalozzae 

Minuartia recurva ssp. ceu:ica 

Minuartia rimarvmi 

Minuartia saxifraga ssp. tmolea 

Minuartia tchihatchewii 

Minuartia umbellulifera 

Morina subinermis 

Muretia aurea 



TURKEY 



- 352 



Olymposciadium caespitosum 
Onobrychis araxina 
Onobrychis argaea 
Onobrychis argyrea 
Onobrychis beata 
Onobrychis bornmuelleri 
Onobrychis cappadocica 
Onobrychis densijuga 
Onobrychis elata 
Onobrychis fallax 
Onobrychis halysensis 
Onobrychis huetiana 
Onobrychis lasistanica 
Onobrychis nitida 
Onobrychis occulta 
Onobrychis omata 
Onobrychis paucijuga 
Onobrychis pisidica 
Onobrychis podperae 
Onobrychis quadrijuga 
Onobrychis stenostachya 
Onobrychis siilphurea 
Onobrychis toumefortii 
Ononis basiadnata 
Ononis macrosperma 
Ononis sessilifolia 
Onopordum anatolicum 
Onopordum boissieri 
Onopordvun caricum 
Onopordum davisii 
Onopordum polycephalum 
Oxytropis argyroleuca 
Oxytropis fominii 

Paeonia turcica 
Papaver apokrinomenon 
Papaver clavatum 
Papaver lateritium 



Papaver pilosum 

Papaver polychaetum 

Papaver spicatum 

Papaver strictum 

Papaver triniifolium 

Paronychia adalia 

Paronychia amani 

Paronychia ainatolica 

Paironychia angorensis 

Paronychia arabica ssp. euphratica 

Paronychia argyroloba 

Paronychia beauverdii 

Paironychia cataonica 

Paronychia chionaea 

Paronychia condensata 

Paronychia davisii 

Paronychia dudleyi 

Paronychia galatica 

Paronychia inbricata 

Paronychia kemaliya 

Paronychia lycica 

Paronychia mughlaei 

Paronychia paphlagonica 

Paronychia turcica 

Pastinaca armena ssp. dentata 

Pastinaca zozimioides 

Petrorhagia hispidula 

Petrorhagia lycica 

Petrorhagia pamphylica 

Petrorhagia peroninii 

Petrosimonia nigdeensis 

Peucedanum arenarixmi ssp. urbanii 

Peucedanum chryseum 

Peucedanum graminifolium 

Peucedanum palimbioides 

Phryna ortegioides 

Physoptychis haussknechtii 

Picris campylocarpa 



TURKEY 



553 



Picris olympica 

Pilosella hoppeana ssp. isaurica 

Pilosella hoppeana ssp. lydia 

Pimpinella anisetum 

Pimpinella f labellifolia 

Pimpinella isaurica 

Polygala pruinosa ssp. megaptera 

Polygonum cappadocicum 

Polygonum praelongum 

Polygonum salebrosum 

Potentilla anatolica 

Potentilla armeniaca 

Potentilla balansae 

Potentilla buccoana 

Potentilla calycina 

Potentilla cappadocica 

Potentilla discipulonmi 

Potentilla doddsii 

Potentilla isaurica 

Potentilla pulvinaris 

Potentilla sawalensis 

Potentilla sublaevis 

Potentilla subpalmata 

Prangos denticulata 

Prangos platychlaena 

Prenanthes glareosa 

Prunus kurdica 

Ptilostemon afer ssp. eburneus 

Pyrus anatolica 

Pyrus boissieriana ssp. crenulata 

Pyrus hakkiarica 

Ranunculus crateris 

Ranunculus dissectus ssp. 

rigidulus 

Ranunculus fenzlii 

Ranunculus fibrillosus 

Ranunculus heterorhizus 



Ranunculus isthmicus ssp. tenuifolius 

Ranunculus pedatus ssp. trojanus 

Ranunculus i»Iiininii 

Ranunculus sintenisii 

Ranunculus tempskyanus 

Ranunculus unguis-cati 

Reseda armena 

Reseda balansae 

Reseda germanicopolitana 

Reseda tomentosa 

Rhabdosciadium microcalycinum 

Rhamnus hirtellus 

Rhamnus kayacikii 

Rhamnus nitidus 

Rhamnus pichleri 

Rhamnus pyrellus 

Rhamnus thymifolius 

Ricotia carnosula 

Ricotia davisiana 

Ricotia sinuata 

Ricotia tenuifolia 

Ricotia varians 

Rorippa aurea 

Rosa pisiformis 

Rosularia chrysantha 

Rosularia davisii 

Rosularia globularii folia 

Rosularia haussknechtii 

Rosularia serpentinica 

Rumex amanus 

Rumex gracilescens 

Rumex olympicus 

Rumex ponticus 

Rumex tmoleus 

Salsola anatolica 
Salsola stenoptera 
Sanguisorba armena 



TURKEY 



- 354 



Saponaria chlorifolia 

Saponaria dalmasii 

Saponaria halophila 

Saponaria kotschyi 

Saponaria pamphylica 

Saponaria pi eta 

Saponaria pine to rum 

Saponaria prostrata ssp. anatolica 

Saponaria prostrata ssp. prostrata 

Sartoria hedysaroides 

Saxifraga artvinensis 

Scabiosa balianii 

Scabiosa coliimharia ssp. 

paphlagonica 

Scabiosa hololeuca 

Scabiosa kxirdica 

Scabiosa lycia 

Scabiosa paucidentata 

Scabiosa pseudograminifolia 

Scabiosa reuteriana 

Scabiosa rufescens- 

Scabiosa sulphurea 

Scaligeria capillifolia 

Scaligeria lazica 

Scandix balansae 

Scorzonera acantholimon 

Scorzonera acuminata 

Scorzonera amasiana 

Scorzonera argyria 

Scorzonera aucherana 

Scorzonera boissieri 

Scorzonera davisii 

Scorzonera eriophora 

Scorzonera hieraciifolia 

Scorzonera inaequiscapa 

Scorzonera lacera 

Scorzonera lasiocarpa 

Scorzonera mirabilis 



Scorzonera pygmaea 

Scorzonera sericea 

Scorzonera suberosa ssp. cariensis 

Scorzonera tomentosa 

Scorzonera violacea 

Sedum hewittii 

Sedum inconspicuum 

Sedum lydium 

Sedum polystriatum 

Sempervivum armenum 

Sempervivum brevipilum 

Sempervivum furseorum 

Sempervivum gillianii 

Sempervivum glabrifolium 

Sempervivimi ispartae 

Sempervivum minus 

Sempervivum staintonii 

Senecio cariensis 

Senecio castagneanus 

Senecio cilicius 

Senecio davisii 

Senecio farfcirifolius 

Senecio hypochionaeus 

Senecio inops 

Senecio integrifolius ssp. 

karsianus 

Senecio jurineifolius 

Senecio lazicus 

Senecio olympicus 

Senecio ovatifolius 

Senecio sandrasicus 

Senecio tauricolus 

Senecio trapezuntinus 

Serratula aznavouriana 

Serratula bornmuelleri 

Serratula lasiocephala 

Serratula oligocephala 

Seseli andronakii 



TURKEY 



355 



Seseli gummiferum ssp. corymbosum 

Seseli resinosum 

Silene amana 

Silene araratica 

Silene argaea 

Silene armena 

Silene azirensis 

Silene balansae 

Silene brevicaulis 

Silene c.aesarea 

Silene capillipes 

Silene capitellata 

Silene caramanica 

Silene cariensis 

Silene cartilaginea 

Silene caryophylloides ssp. echinus 

Silene caryophylloides ssp. 

masmenaea 

Silene caryophylloides ssp. 

stentoria 

Silene cryptoneura 

Silene cserei ssp. aeoniopsis 

Silene delicatula 

Silene fenzlii 

Silene haradjianii 

Silene inclinata 

Silene lazica 

Silene leptoclada 

Silene lucida 

Silene lycaonica 

Silene muradica 

Silene noncupanda 

Silene oligotricha 

Silene olympica 

Silene oreades 

Silene paphlagonica 

Silene phrygia 

Silene pompeiopolitana 



Silene ruscifolia 

Silene salsuginea 

Silene sangaria 

Silene sclerophylla 

Silene scythicina 

Silene sipylea 

Silene sordida 

Silene splendens 

Silene squamigera ssp. vesiculifera 

Silene surculosa 

Silene tunicoides 

Sonchus erzincanicus 

Sphaerophysa kotschyana 

Sterigmostemum sulphureum ssp. 

glandulosum 

Suaeda cucullata 

Suaeda prostrata ssp. anatolica 

Tanacetxim albipannosum 

Tanacetum alyssifolium 

Tanacetum argenteum ssp. 

flabellifolium 

Tanacetiam cappadocicum 

Tanacetum densum 

Tanacetum depauperatum 

Tanacetum eginense 

Tanacetiom germanicopolitanum 

Tanacetum haradjanii 

Tanacetum haussknechtii 

Tanacetum heterotomum 

Tanacetum nitens 

Tanacetum oltense 

Tanacetum oxystegium 

Tanacetum praeteritum ssp. 

massicyticum 

Tanacetum zahlbruckneri 

Tchihatchewia isatidea 

Thlaspi bornmuelleri 



TURKEY 



- 356 



Thlaspi cataonicum 

Thlaspi cilicicum 

Thlaspi densiflorum 

Thlaspi elegans 

Thlaspi jaubertii 

Thlaspi lilacinum 

Thlaspi papillosum 

Thlaspi rosulare 

Thlaspi sintenisii 

Thlaspi valerianoides 

Ttilaspi violascens 

Thurya capitata 

Tordylium brachytaenium 

Tordylium cappadoci cxim 

TDrdylium elegans 

Tordylixom lematum 

Tordylium macropetalum 

Ttordylium pustulosum 

Torilis triradiata 

Tragopogon albinervis 

Tragopogon aureus 

Tragopogon fibrosus 

Tragopogon olympicus 

Tragopogon subacaulis 

Trifolium aintabense 

Trifolium bariaulatijm 

Trifolium ca.udatum 

Trifolium chlorotrichum 

Trifolium davisii 

Trifolium euxinum 

Trifolium longidentatum 

Trifolivmi pachycalyx 

Trifolium pannonicum ssp. elongatum 

Trifolium roussaeanum 

Trigone 11a arenicola 

Trigonella carica 

Trigonella cassia 

Trigonella cephalotes 



Trigonella cilicica 
Trigonella halophila 
Trigonella isthmocarpa 
Trigonella kotschyi 
Trigonella lycica 
Trigonella macrorrhyncha 
Trigonella pamphylica 
Trigonella plicata 
Trigonella polycarpa 
Trigonella raphanina 
Trigonella rhytidocarpa 
Trigonella rigida 
Trigonella rostrata 
Trigonella sirjaevii 
Trigonosciadium inteonnedium 
Tripleurospermum baytopianum 
Tripleurospermum callosum 
Tripleurospermum conoclinium 
Tripleurospermum corymbosum 
Tripleurospermum fissurale 
Tripleiorospermum heterolepis 
Tripleurospermum hygrophilum 
Tripleurospermum kotschyi 
Tripleurospenmaa monticolum 
Tripleurospermum pichleri 
Tripleurospermum repens 

Uechtritzia armena 

Valeriana oligantha 

Valeriana speluncaria 

Valerianella glomerata 

Velezia hispida 

Velezia pseudorigida 

Velezia tunicoides 

Vicia caesarea 

Vicia canescens ssp. argaea 

Vicia canescens ssp. leucomalla 



TURKEY 



- 357 - 



Vicia freyniana Viola crassifolia 

Vicia glareosa Viola dichroa 

Vicia quadrijuga Viola odontocalycina 

Vicia splendens Viola sandrasea 



TURKEY 



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