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Full text of "List of the specimens of birds in the collection of the British Museum"

List of Birds. 

Part III. 
Sects. III. and IV. 



1868. is. 6d. 




BIOLOGY 
RA 
G 



LIST 

OF THE 

SPECIMENS OF BIRDS 

IN 

THE COLLECTION 

OF THE 

BEITISH MUSEUM. 

BY G. R. GRAY, F.R.S., F.L.S., ETC. 

PART III. SECTIONS III. & IV. 
CAPITONID.E AND PICIDJE. 



FEINTED BY OKDER OF THE TRUSTEES. 
LONDON: 1868. 



PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS. 
RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 



PREFACE. 



THE object of the present List has been to give a complete 
Catalogue of the species of the Families Capitonidee, or 
Barbets, and Picidae, or Woodpeckers, exemplifying by 
letters a, b, c, &c. the specimens contained in the Col- 
lection of the British Museum, under the specific name 
and synonyms to which they belong, indicating also the 
locality and the source from whence each specimen has 
been derived. 



J. E. GEAY. 

January 1808. 



425640 



LIST OF BIEDS, 



Fam. III. CAPITONID^E. 

i. CAPITONINM. 

1. POGONORHYNCHUS. 

Pogonias, Ulig. Prod. (1811) p. 202. 

Pogonia, Vieill. Anal. (TOrn. (1816) p. 27. 

Pogonia ( Vieill. MS.) et Pogonius, Leach, Zool.Misc. (1815). 

Pogonorhynchus, V. d. Hoev. Handb. (1835) ii. p. 461. 

Laimodon, G. R. Or. List of Gen. of B. (1841) p. 69. 

Laemodon, Agass. 

Pogonoramphus, DesMurs, Encycl. Hist. Nat. ii. p. 14 (1851). 

Tricholamia, Verr. Cab. Journ. (1855) p. 102. 

Aves fictitise : 

Hyreus, Steph. Gen. Zool. (1815) ix. p. 337. 
Sparactes, Vieill. Anal. (1816) p. 40. 
Barbilanius, Desm. (1802). 

a. POGONORHYNCHUS, 
1. POGONOBHYNCHUS DUBius. The Groove-billed Barbican. 

Bucco dubius, Gmel S. N. i. p. 409; PI. Enl 602. 
Pogonia sulcirostris, Leach, Zool. Misc. pi. 76. 
Pogonia erythromelas, Vieill. N. Diet. d'Hist. Nat. iii. p. 230. 
Pogonias major, Cuv. Regn. An. (1817) i. p. 428. 
Pogonias sulcirostris, Wagl. Syst. Av. p. 
Pogonias dubius, Illig. Prod. Mam. 8f Av. p. 202. 
Laimodon dubius, G. It. Gr. List of Gen. of . (1841) p. 69. 
Pogonorhynchus dubius, V. d. Hoev. Handb. ii. p. 461. 
Levaill. Barb. 1. 19 ; Vieill. Gal. des Ois. t. 32. 

a. Africa. 

B 

3 



, , SCANSORES. 

''2, POGONORHYNCHUS RoLLETi. Rollet's Barbican. 

PogGnias "R-ollefci, Dejil. Rev. et Mag. de Zool. (1853) p. 290. 
Pogonorhynchus Rolleti, Heugl. Ibis (1861), p. 123, pi. 6. f. 1. 

a. East Africa. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 



3. POGONORHYNCHUS BiDENTATUS. The Smooth -billed 
Barbican. 

Bucco bidentatus, Shaw, Nat. Misc. pi. 393. 
Pogonia Isevirostris, Leach, Zool. Misc. pi. 77. 
Pogonius Levaillantii, Leach, Zool. Misc. pi. 117. 
Bucco leuconptus, Vieill. N. Diet. cPHist. Nat. iii* p. 242. 
Pogonias Isevirostris, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Bucco Levaillantii, Vieill. N. Diet. cPHist. Nat. iii. p. 243. 
Laimodon bidentatus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 428. 
Pogonias bidentatus, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 145. 
Pogonias minor, Cuv. Regn. An. (1817) i. p. 428. 
Pogonorhynchus bidentatus, Heugl. Ibis, 1861, p. 123. 
Laimodon Isevirostris, Heugl. Syst. Uebers. Vog. N. O. Afr. p. 47. 
Levaill. Barb. t. Suppl. A and t. Suppl. K. 

a, b. West Africa. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 



4. POGONOBHYNCHUS LEUCOCEPHALUS. The White-headed 
Barbican. 

Laimodon leucocephalus, Defil. Rev. etMag. deZool. (1853) p. 291. 
Pogonorhynchus leucocephalus, Heugl. Ibis (1861), p. 123, t. 5. f. 2. 

a. East Africa. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 



5. POGONORHYNCHTJS TORQUATUS. The Masked Barbican. 

Bucco torquatus, Dum. Diet. Sci. Nat. iv. p. 56. 
Bucco nigrothorax, Cuv. Regn. An. (1817) i. p. 428. 
Pogonias personatus, Temm. PL Col. 201. 
Pogonias personatus, Cuv. Regn. An. 1829, i. p. 457. 
Laimodon nigrothorax, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 428. 
Pogonorhynchus torquatus, Gojfin, Schleg. Mus. N. H. Pays-Bas, 
Bucc. p. 4. 

Levaill. Barb. t. 28. 

a, b. Cape of Good Hope. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 
c, d. Tette (variety). From Dr. Livingstone's Expedition. 
e. Cape of Good Hope. Presented by F. Campbell, Esq. 



CAPITONIDJE. 3 

6. POGONORHYNCHUS ABYSSiNicus. Salt's Barbican. 

Phytotoma abyssinica, Lath. Ind. Orn. Suppl. p. xlix. 
Bucco Saltii, Stanl. Salt's Trav. Abyss. App. p. 46. 
Pogonias rubrifrons, Swains. Zool. III. pi. 68. 
Pogonias hsematops, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Pogonias Brucei, Hupp. Fauna Abyss, t. 20. f. 1. 
PLoxia abyssinica, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 860. 
PHyreus abyssinicus, Steph. Gen. Zool. ix. p. 338. 
Phytotoma tridactyla, Daud. Tr. cTOrn. ii. p. 366. 
Pogonorhynchus Saltii, Heugl. Ibis (1861), p. 123. 
Laimodon Saltii, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 428. 
Pogonorhynchus abyssinicus, Goffin, Schleg. Mus. H. N. Pays- 
Bas, Bucc. p. 5. 

Lefebr. Voy. Abyss. 1. 10. f. 2. 

a. Abyssinia. Presented by Lord Mountnorris. 

b. Abyssinia. From the Frankfort Museum. 

c. Abyssinia. Presented by the Secretary of State for India. 

7. ? POGONORHYNCHUS UNDATUS. The Undulated Barbican. 

Pogonias undatus, Temm. 

Laimodon undatus, Eilpp. Fauna Abyss, t. 20. f. 2. 
Pogonorhynchus undatus, Heugl. Ibis (1861), p. 123. 
Laimodon Saltii, pt., Terr. 

a. Abyssinia. From the Frankfort Museum. 

8. POGONORHYNCHUS MELANOPTKRUS. The Black-winged 
Barbican. 

Pogonias melanopterus, Peter s,Bericht.Akad.Berl. (1854) p. 134. 
Laimodon albiventris, Verr. Proc. Z. S. (1859) p. 393, pi. 157. 
Pogonorhynchus melanopterus, Goffin,Schleg.Mm.d'H.N.Pays- 
Basj Bucc. p. 6. 

Hab. West Africa ; Mozambique. 

9. POGONORHYNCHUS LEUCOMELAS. The Black-throated 
Barbican. 

Bucco leucomelas, Bodd. Tabl. des PI. Enl. p. 43. 

Bucco niger, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 407. 

Pogonius Stephensii, Leach, Zool. Misc. pi. 116. 

Pogonias niger, Cuv. Regn. An. (1829) i. p. 457. 

Bucco rufifrons, Steph. Gen. Zool. ix. i. p. 31. 

Trogon luzonensis, Scop. Delic. PL et Faun. Insubr. p. 89. 

B2 



4 SCANSORES. 

Pogonias unidentatus, Licht. Verz. Vog. Kafferl. p. 17. 
Laimodon leucomelas, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. p. 429. 
Laimodon unidentatus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Pogonorhynchus leucomelas, Goffin, Schleg. Mm. H. N. Pays-Bas, 
Bucc. p. 7. 

Levaill. Barb. t. 29, 30, 31; PL Enl. 688. f. 1; Son. Voy. t. 34 ; 
Gal des Ois. t. 33. 

a. South Africa. 

b, c. South Africa. From the South African Museum. 

d. South Africa. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 

e. South Africa. From Mr. Turner's Collection. 



10. POGONORHYNCHUS DiADEMATUs. The Diadem Barbican. 

Laimodon diadematus, Heugl. Syst. Uebers. Vog. et Beitr. p. 47, 

t. 28. f. 1. 
Pogonorhynchus diadematus, Heugl. Ibis (1861), pi. 5. f. 3. 

Hob. North-east Africa. 



11. POGONORHYNCHUS MELANOCEPHALUS. The Bridled 

Barbican. 

Pogonias melanocephalus, Hupp. Atlas, t. 28. A. 
Pogonias bifrenatus, Ehrenb. Symb. Phys. Av. t. 8. f. 2. 
Pogonorhynchus bifrenatus, Heugl. Ibis (1861), p. 123. 
Laimodon bifrenatus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Pogonorhynchus melanocephalus, Goffin, Schleg. Mus. H. N. 
Pays-Bas, Bucc. p. 10. 

a. Abyssinia. From the Frankfort Museum. 

12. POGONORHYNCHUS VIEILLOTII. Vieillot's Barbican. 

Pogonius Vieilloti, Leach, Zool. Misc. pi. 97. 
Bucco fuscescens, Vieill. N. Diet. tfH. N. iii. p. 241. 
Pogonias rubescens, Temm. PL Col. (text). 
Pogonias senegalensis, Licht. Verz. Dupl. p. 9. 
Pogonias rubicon, Cuv. Regn. An. (1829) p. 457. 
Pogonias rufifrons, Swains. 

Laimodon Vieillotii, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Pogonorhynchus Vieilloti, Heugl. Ibis (1861), p. 123. 
Levaill. Barb. Suppl. D. 

a. Africa. 

b. Gambia. 



CAPITONID^E. 

b. TEICHOL^EMA. 
13. POGONORHYNCHUS HiRSUTUS. The Hairy Barbican. 

Pogonias hirsutus, Swains. Zool. III. pi. 72. 

Tricholaeina flavipunctata, Verr. Cab. Joum. 1855, p. 103 ; Rev. 

et Mag. de Zool (1855) p. 555, 1. 14. 

Pogonias (Tricholsema) hirsutus, Hartl. Syst. Orn. W.Afr. p. 172. 
Tricholsema hirsuta, Cab. Journ. (1860) p. 190. 
Laimodon hirsutus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Pogonorhynchus hirsutus, Goffin, Schleg. Mm. If. N. Pays- Has, 

Bucc. p. 11. 

a. West Africa. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

b, c. Gaboon. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 



2. MEGALAIMA. 

Bucco, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. of B. (1840) p. 53. 
Megalaima, G. R. Gr. List of B. App. (1842) p. 12. 
Megalsema, Ayass. 

Cyanops, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. (1854) p. 130. 
Xantholsema, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. (1854) p. 130. 
Bucco, III. Prod. Mam. et Av. (1811) p. 204. 
Chotorea, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. (1854) p. 130. 
Buccanodon, Verr. Rev. et Mag. de Zool. (1855) p. 218. 
Barbions, Less. Tr. cPOrn, p. 164 (1831). 
Barbatula, Less. Compl. Buff. ix. p. 292 (1837). 
Pogoniolus, Lafr. 

Xylobucco, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 141 (1850). 
Gymnobucco, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 141 (1850). 
Gymnocranus, Heine, Cab. Journ. (1860) p. 191. 



a. MEQALAIMA. 

1. MEGALAIMA VIRENS. The Grand Barbet. 

Bucco virens, Bodd. Tabl. des PI. Enl. de tfAubent. p. 53. 
Bucco grandis, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 408. 
Capito grandis, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. iv. p. 499. 
Megalaima virens, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalaima grandis, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. of B. App. (1842) p. 12. 
JR.JSW.871; Levaill.Barb.t.W', Gould, Cent, of Birds, pi. 46. 

a-h. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. 

B3 



6 SCANSORES. 

2. MEGALAIMA CHRYSOPOGON. The Golden-bearded Barbet, 

Bucco chrysopogon, Temm. PI. Col. 285. 
Megalaima chrysopogon, G. R. Or. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalaima (Cliotorea) chrysopogon, Bp. Ateneo Ital. ( 1854) p. 
Chotorea chrysopogon, Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii.'p. 640. 

a. Sumatra. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 

b. Sumatra. 

c. Singapore (?). From Mr. Turner's Collection. 

3. MEGALAIMA CHRYSOPSIS. The Golden-faced Barbet. 

Megalaima chrysopsis, Gqffin, Schl. Mus. H. N. Pays-Has, Bucc. 
p. 15. 

Hob. Borneo. 

4. MEGALAIMA VERSICOLOR. The Changeable Barbet. 

Bucco versicolor, Raffl. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 284. 
Megalaima versicolor, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Bucco Rafflesii, Less. Rev. de Zool. (1839) p. 309. 
Megalaema (Meg.) versicolor, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chotorea versicolor, Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 640. 
Temm. PI. Col. 309. 

a, b. Malacca. Presented by W. Harvey, Esq. 

c. Java. Presented by Dr. Prattinton. 

d. Indian archipelago. Presented by M. G. Hardwicke. 
e,f. Borneo. 

g. Java. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 
h. India. 
*. Sumatra. 

5. MEGALAIMA JAVENSIS. The Javan Barbet. 

Bucco iavensis, Horsf. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 181. 
Bucco Kotorea, Temm. PL Col. (text). 
Bucco mystacophanos, pt., Cuv. 
Bucco tristis, Drop. Diet. Class. d'H. N. ii. p. 195. 
Megalaima javensis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalsema (Chotorea) javensis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chotorea javensis, Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 640. 
Levaill. Barb. Suppl. C (?). 

a. Java. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 



CAPITONIDJE. / 

6. MEGALAIMA MYSTACOPHANOS. The Long-bearded Barbet. 

Bucco mystacophanos, Temm. PL Col. 315. 
Bucco quadricolor, Eyton, Proc. Z. S. (1839) p. 105. 
Megalaima mystacophanos, G. JR. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalaima quadricolor, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalaema (Meg.) mystacophanos, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chotorea mystacophanos, Horsf. 4* Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 641 . 
Megalsema (Meg.) quadricolor, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

a, b. Malacca. Presented by Rajah Brooke. 

c. Java. 

d, e. Malacca. Presented by W. Harvey, Esq. 
/, g. Sumatra. 

7. MEGALAIMA OOBTI. Oort's Barbet. 

Bucco Oorti, Mull. Tijdschr. Nat. Gesch. ii. p. 341, t. 8. f. 4. 
Megalaima Oorti, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalaema (Meg.) Oorti, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Hab. Sumatra. 

8. MEGALAIMA HENBICI. Henry's Barbet. 

Bucco Henrici, Boie, Temm. PI. Col. 524. 

Megalaima Oorti, pt., G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 

Bucco malaccensis, Hartl. Rev. cle Zool. (1842) p. 337. 

Megalaima malaccensis, G. R. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 

Megalaima quadricolor, pt.?, Bl. Cat. of B. p. 67. 

Megalaema (Meg.) malaccensis et Megalsema (Meg.) quadricolor, 

Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. . 

Cyanops Henrici, Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 643. 
Bucco rufitorques, Peale. 

a. Sumatra. Presented by E. Wilson, Esq. 

b. Sumatra. 

c. Sumatra. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

d. e. Sumatra. 

9. MEGALAIMA ABMILLABIS. The Orange -breasted Barbet. 

Bucco armillaris, Temm. PI. Col. 89. f. 1. 
Megalaima armillaris, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalsema (Meg.) armillaris, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

a. Java. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 

b. Java. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 



SCANSOEES. 

10. MEGALAIMA NUCHALIS, The Embroidered Barbet. 

Megalsema nuchalis, Gould, Proc. Z. S. (1862) p. 283. 
Megalsema chalcauclienia, Gould, MSS. 

Megalaima calauchenia, Goffin, Schl. Mm. H. N. Pays-Bas, Bucc. 
p. 94. 

a, b. Island of Formosa. From Mr. Swinhoe's Collection. 

b. CYAN OPS. 
11. MEGALAIMA FLAVIFRONS. The Yellow-fronted Barbet. 

Bucco flavifrons, Cuv. Regn. An. (1817) i. p. 428. 
Bucco aurifrons, Temm. PI. Col. (text). 
Megalaima flavifrons, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalsema (Cyanops) flavifrons, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. . 
Levaill. Barb. t. 55. 

a. Ceylon. Presented by Viscount Walden. 
b-d. Ceylon. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 

12. MEGALAIMA ASIATIC A. The Asiatic Barbet. 

Bucco asiaticus, Lath. Ind. Orn. i. p. 201. 

Bucco cseruleus, Dum. Diet. Sci. Nat. 1st edit. iv. p. 48. 

Capito cyanicollis, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H.N. iv. p. 498 ; Gal. des Ois. 

t.35. 

Bucco cyanops, Cuv. Regn. An. (1817) i. p. 428. 
Bucco cseruleigula, Hodgs. Gray's Zool. Misc. p. 85. 
Bucco cyanocollis, Temm. PI. Col. (text). 
Megalaima asiatica, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalsema (Cyanops) asiatica, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Cyanops asiatica, Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 641. 
Pogonias cyanogenius, Merr. 
Bucco Voigtii, V. Kreling. 
Levaill. Barb. i. 21, 22. 

a-d. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. 

13. MEGALAIMA FRANKLINII. Franklin's Barbet. 

Bucco Franklinii, Blyth,Journ. A. S. B. (1842) p. 167, 
Bucco igniceps, Hodgs. Gr. Zool. Misc. p. 85. 
Megalaima Franklinii, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 
Cyanops Franklinii, Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 643. 

a-e. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. 
f. Behar. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. 



CAPITONID^. 

c. XANTHOLSEMA. 

14. MEGALAIMA ROSEA. The Rose-necked Barbet. 

Bucco roseus, Dum. Diet. Sri. Nat. 1 edit. iv. p. 52. 
Capito rosaceicollis, Vieill. N. Diet. $H. N. iv. p. 500. 
Bucco reseicollis, Vigors, Mem. Raffi. p. 667. 
Bucco philippensis, Horsf. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 181. 
Megalaima rosea, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Bucco roseaceicollis, Temm. 
Pogonias pullarius, Merr. ? 

*Bucco barbiculus, Cuv. Rcgn. An. (1817) i. p. 428. 
*Bucco barbatula, Temm. 

Megalaema (Xantholsema) roseus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Xantholaama rosea, Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 646. 
Levaill. Barb. t. 33, 56. 

a. Java. Presented by J. Inskipp, Esq. 

b. Java. Presented by the Hon. East-India Company. 

15. MEGALAIMA MALABABICA. The Malabarian Barbet 

Bucco barbiculus, Blyth, Journ. A. S. B. (1846) p. 13. 
Bucco malabaricus, Blyth, Journ. A. S. B. (1847) pp. 386, 465. 
Megalaima malabarica, Blyth, Cat. of B. App. p. 336. 
Xantholsema malabarica, Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 647. 

Hab. Madras j Malabar. 

16. MEGALAIMA BUBKICAPILLA. The Rose-crowned Barbet. 

Bucco rubricapillus, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 408. 
Capito rubricapillus, Vieill. N. Diet. d*H. N. iy. p. 497. 
Megalaima rubricapilla, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalsema (Xantholaema) rubricapilla, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) 

p. 

Xantholsema rubricapilla, Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 646. 
Brown, El. of Zool. pi. 14. 

a. Ceylon, var. Presented by Viscount Walden. 
b-e. Ceylon. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 



17. ? MEGALAIMA LATHAMI. The Buff-faced Barbet. 

Bucco Lathami, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 408. 
Pogonias viridis, Merr. 



10 SCANSORES. 

Capito Lathami, Vieill N, Diet. d*H. N. iv. p. 499. 
Megalaima Lathami, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalaima rubricapilla, juv. ?, Goffin. 
Lath. Syn. ii. pi. 22. 

a. India? 



18. MEGALAIMA H^MACEPHALA. The Yellow-throated 
Barbet. 

Bucco haemaeephalus, Mull. Syst. Nat. Suppl. p. 88. 
Bucco flavigula, Bodd. Tabl. des PL Enl. de d'Aubent. p. 20. 
Bucco philippensis, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 407. 
Bucco indicus, Lath. Ind. Orn. i. p. 205. 
Bucco flavicollis, Vieill. Encyc. Meth. p. 1424. 
Bucco rubricollis, Cuv. Regn. An. (1817) p. 428. 
Megalaima philippensis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalsema (Xantholaema) flavigula, Bp.AteneoItal. (1854) p. 
MaDgalsema (Xantholaema) philippensis ; Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) 

p. 

XantholaDma indica, Horsf. Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 644. 
Capito indicus, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. iv. p. 497. 
Capito philippensis, Vieill. N. Diet. d>H. N. iv. p. 498. 

Juv. Bucco nanus, Bodd. Tabl. des PI. Enl. p. 47. 
Bucco parvus, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 407. 
Capito parvus, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. iv. p. 499. 
Megalaima parva, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 

Var. Bucco luteus, Less. Tr. d'Orn. p. 163. 
Megalaima lutea, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
PI. Enl. 331 ; Levaill. Barb. t. 35. 

Juv. PI Enl. 746. f. 2. 

Var. Des Murs, Icon. Ornith. t. 21. 

ttj b. India. 

c. India. Presented by Capt. Elliott. 

d-f. Madras. Presented by the Rev. H. H. Baber. 

g, h. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

i-k. .Tenasserim. Presented by J. D. C. Packman, Esq. 

/. Ceylon. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 

m. India, young. Presented by the Secretary of State for 

India. 
n. India. 



CAPITONID^:. 11 

19. ?MEGALAIMA RAFFLESIA. Raines's Barbel. 

Bucco Rafflesius, Boie, Brief e aus Ostindien, No. 15. 
Megalaima Rafflesia, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 144. 
Megalsema (Xantholcema) Rafflesia, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1 854) p. 
Xantholsema indica, pt., Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 644. 

Hob. Sumatra. 

20. ? MEGALAIMA RUBBIFRONS. The Red-fronted Barbet. 

Pogonias rubrifrons, Merr. 
Megalaima philippensis, pt., G. R. Gr. 

Megalsema (Xantholaema) rubrifrons, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) 
p. 

Hab. India. 

21. MEGALAIMA AUSTRALIS. The Black-breasted Barbet. 

Bucco australis, Horsf. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 181. 
Bucco gularis, Reinw., Temm. PI. Col. 89. f. 2. 
Megalaima australis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megaleema (Meg.) australis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854} p. 
Xantholsema australis, Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 648. 

a. Java. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

b. Java. Presented by E. Wilson, Esq. 

22. MEGALAIMA DUVAUCELII. The Black-fronted Barbet. 

Bucco Duvaucelii, Less. Tr. d? Orn. p. 164. 

Bucco trimaculatus, Gr. Zool. Misc. p. 3, pi. 3. 

Bucco australis, Raffl. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 285. 

Megalaima trimaculata, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 

Bucco frontalis, Temm. PL Col. 536. f. 1. 

Megalsema (Meg.) trimaculata, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Xantholeema Duvaucelii, Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 647. 

Var. Bucco cyanotis, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1847) p. 465. 

Bucco gutturalis, Boie, Brief e aus Ostindien, No. 15. 

a, b. Malacca. Presented by W. Harvey, Esq. 

c-e. Malacca. 

/, g. Malacca. Presented by the Secretary of State for 

India. 
h, i. India. 
/. Malacca. 
k. India. Presented by the Hon. East-India Company. 



12 SCANSOKES. 

d. CHOTOHEA. 

23. ME GAL AIM A CORVINA. The Black-billed Barbel. 

Bucco corvinus, Reinw., Temm. PL Col. 522. 
Megalaima corvina, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 
Megalaima lineata, pt, Bl. Cat. of B. p. 66. 
Megalaema (Chotorea) corvina, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

a. Sumatra. 

b. Java. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 

24. MEGALAIMA LINEATA. The Grey-headed Barbet. 

Capito lineatus, Vieill N. Diet. cTH. N. iv. p. 500. 

Bucco corvinus, Horsf. apud BL 

Bucco caniceps v. viridis, Hodgs., Gr. Zool. Misc, p. 85. 

Bucco fuscicapillus, Drap. Diet. Sci. Nat. ii. p. 195. 

Megalaima caniceps, Hodgs. Cat. B. of Nepal, p. 114. 

Megalaima lineata, Blyth, Cat. of B. p. 66. 

Megalaema (Chotorea) lineata, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

a. India. 

b. Bussein Pegu. Presented by W. T. Blandford, Esq. 
Cj d. Tenasserim. Presented by J. D. C. Packman, Esq. 

25. MEGALAIMA HODGSONI. Hodgson's Lineated Barbet. 

Bucco caniceps v. viridis, Hodgs., Gr. Zool. Misc. p. 85. 
Megalaima Hodgsoni, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 144. 

a-h. Nepal. Presented by B. II. Hodgson, Esq. 

26. MEGALAIMA CANICEPS. The Jungle Barbet. 

Bucco caniceps, Frank!. Proc. Z. S. (1830) p. 121. 
Bucco lineatus, Tick. Journ. A. S. B. (1833) p. 579. 
Bucco viridis, pt., Jerd. Madr. Journ. xi. 217. 
Bucco zeylanicus, Jerd. Madr. Journ. (1844) p. 140. 
Megalaima caniceps, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Megalsema (Chotorea) caniceps ; Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

a, b. India. 

27. MEGALAIMA MCCLELLANDI. McClelland's Barbet. 
Megalaima McClellandi, Horsf. Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 637. 
Hob. Bengal. 



CAPITONIDJE. 13 

28. MEGALAIMA ZEYLONICA. The Brown-headed Barbet. 

Bucco zeylanicus, Gmel. S. JV. i. p. 408. 

Capito zeilanicus, Veill. N. Diet. cTH. N. iv. p. 499. 

Megalaima viridis, pt. ?, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 

Megalaima zeylanica, Blyth, Journ. A. S. B. xx. p. 181. 

Megalaima caniceps, Blyth, Cat. of B. p. 67. 

Bucco caniceps, pt., Bl. 

Brown, III. of Zool. pi. 15 ; Levaill. Barb. t. 38. 

a. Ceylon. 

b, c. Ceylon. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 

29. MEGALAIMA VIBIDIS. The Green Barbet. 

Bucco viridis, Bodd. Tabl. des PI. Enl. p. 53. 
Bucco caniceps, Sykes, Proc. Z. S. (1832) p. 97. 
Megalaima viridis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 
Capito viridis, Vieill. N. Diet. d*H. N. iv. p. 500. 
Megalaema (Chotorea) viridis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
PI. Enl. 870. 

a-c. Malabar. Presented by Mr. Spinks. 

d. Madras. Presented by T. C. Jerdon, Esq. 

e, f. Madras. Presented by the Rev. H. H. Baber. 

30. MEGALAIMA PHAIOSTICTA. The Cochinchina Barbet. 

Bucco faiostrictus, Temm. PL Col. 527. 

Bucco faiostriatus, Temm. PI. Col. (text). 

Megalaima faiostriata, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 429. 

Megalaima phaiosticta, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 144. 

Megalsema (Chotorea) phaeosticta, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Hab. Cochinchina. 



e. BUCCANODON. 
31. MEGALAIMA DUCHAILLUI. Duchaillu's Barbet. 

Barbatula Duchaillui, Cass. Proc. Acad. Philad. (1855) p. 324. 
Buccanodon Duchaillui, Hartl. Syst. Orn. W. Afr. p. 171. 
Barbatula formosa, Verr. Rev. et Mag. de Zool. (1855) t. 5. 
Pogonias (Buccanodon) Duchaillui, Hartl. Syst. Orn. West Afr. 

p. 171. 
Megalaima Duchaillui, Goffin, Schleg. Mm. N. H. Pays-Bas, Bucc. 

p. 39. 

a. Gaboon. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 



14 SCANSORES. 

f. BARBATULA. 
32. MEGALAIMA PUSILLA. The Red-fronted Barbet. 

Bucco pusillus, Dum. Diet. Sci. Nat. (1 edit.) iv. p. 50. 
Bucco chrysoptera, Swains. Two Cent, and a Quart, p. 322. 
Bucco chrysozonicus, Hilpp. 
Bucco nanus, Vig. 

Oapito rubrifrons, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. iv. p. 497. 
Barbatula nana, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. of B. (1841) p. 69. 
Megalaima barbatula, G. R. Gr.^Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 
Bucco parvus, <$, Cuv. Regn. An. (1817) i. p. 428. 
Bucco minutus, Temm. 
Barbatula minuta, JBp. Consp. Av. i. p. 144. 
Barbatula pusilla, Terr. 
Bucco barbatula, Temm. PL Col. (text). 
Megalaima pumila, Licht. Nomencl. Av. p. 74. 
Megalaima pusilla, Goffin, Schleg. Mus. H. N. Pays-Bas, Bucc. 
p. 40. 

Levaill. Barb. t. 32. 

a. Port Natal, male. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

b. Africa, male. From Mr. Stevens's Collection. 

c. Port Natal, female ? From the South African Museum. 

33. MEGALAIMA CHBYSOCOMA. The Gold-banded Barbet. 

Bucco chrysocomus (chrysoconus ! et chrysozonus !), Temm. PL 

Col. 536. f. 2. 

Bucco parvus, var., Less. Tr. d'Orn. p. 165. 
Barbatula chrysocoma, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 145. 
Megalaima chrysocoma, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 

a. South Africa. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

34. MEGALAIMA UROPYGIALIS. The Orange-backed Barbet. 

Barbatula uropygialis, Heugl Cab. Journ.fiir Orn. (1862) p. 37. 
Megalaima uropygialis, Goffin, Schleg. Mus. H. N.Pays-Bas, Bucc. 
p. 42. 

Hab. L'Ain-Saba. 

35. MEGALAIMA ATROFLAVA. The Black-and- Yellow Barbet. 

Bucco atroflavus, Blum. Abb. not. Gegenst. t. 65. 
Bucco erythronotus, Cuv. Regn. An. (1817) i. p. 65. 
Barbatula atroflavus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 145. 



CAPITONID-S5. 15 

Barbatula erythronotus, Verr. 

Megalaima atroflava, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 
Levaill Barb. t. 57. 

Hab. West Africa! 

36. MEGALAIMA LEUCOLAIMA. The White-throated Barbet. 

Barbatula leucolaima, Verr. Rev. et Mag. de Zool. (1851) p. 263. 
Megalaima leucolaima, Goffin, Schkg. Mm. H. N. Pays-Bas, Bucc. 
p. 46. 

a, b. West Africa (Gaboon). From M. Verreaux's Col- 
lection. 
c. Ashanti. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

37. MEGALAIMA BILINEATA. The Double-lined Barbet. 

Megalaima \)i\mea,ta,,Sundev.Q?fvers. of Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akad. 

Forhandl. (1850) p. 109. 
Barbatula leucolaima, pt., Verr. 

Hab. South Africa. 

38. MEGALAIMA SUBSULPHUEEA. The Gaboon Barbet. 

Bucco subsulphureus, Pros. Proc. Zool. Soc. (1843) p. 3. 
Capito Psubsulfureus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 
Trachyphonus subsulphureus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 142. 
Barbatula flavimentum, Verr. Rev. etMag. de Zool. (1851) p. 262. 
Barbatula subsulphurea, Hartl. Syst. Orn. W.Afr. p. 172. 
Megalaima subsulphurea, Goffin, Schleg. Mus. ti. N. Pays-Bas, 
Bucc. p. 44. 

Fras. Zool. Typ. pi. 52. 

a. West Africa (Gaboon). From M. Verreaux's Collection. 



g. XYLOSUCCO. 

39. MEGALAIMA SCOLOPACEA. The Yellow-scollopped 
Barbet. 

Bucco scolopaceus, Temm. 

Xylobucco scolopaceus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 141. 

Barbatula flavisquamata, Verr. $ Desm. Cab. Journ.fiir Or-ttith. 

(1855) p. 101. 
Barbatula (Xylobucco) scolopacea, Hartl. Syst. Orn. W. Afr. 

p. 174. 

c2 



16 SCANSORES. 

Megalaima scolopacea, Goffin, Schleg.Mus.H.N.Pays-Bas, Bucc. 
p. 47. 

a. West Africa. From Mr. Eraser's Collection. 

b. West Africa. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

c. Gaboon. 

40. MEGALAIMA STELLATA. The Starry Barbet. 

Barbatula stellata, Jard. fy Fras. 

Bucco ?, Fras. Proc. Z. S. (1843) p. 4 (note). 

Barbatula (Xylobucco) scolopacea, pt v HartL Syst. Orn. W. Afr. 
p. 174. 

a. Ashanti. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

1. West Africa. From Capt. Sabine, R.A. 

41. MEGALAIMA LEUCOTIS. The White-eared Barbet. 

Megalsema leucotis, Sundev. Oefvers. (1850) p. 109. 
Laimodon unidentatus, pt., Verr. 

Hob. South Africa. 

h. GYMNOBUCCO. 
42. MEGALAIMA CALvus. The Bare-headed Barbet. 

Bucco calvus, Lafr. Rev. Zool (1841) p. 241. 
Gymnobucco calvus, HartL Syst. Orn. W. Afr. p. 174. 
Gymnocranus calvus, Heine, Cab. Journ. (1860) p. 191. 
Megalaima calva ; Goffin,Schleg.Mtis.H.N.Pays-]BaSyBiicc. p. 49. 

a, b. West Africa. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

43. MEGALAIMA PELI. Pel's Barbet. 

Bucco calvus, Temm. MSS. 
Gymnobucco calvus, Bp. Consp. An. i. p. 141. 
Gymnobucco Peli, HartL Syst. Orn. W. Afr. p. 173. 
Gymnocranus Peli, Heine, Cab. Journ. (1860) p. 191. 
Megalaima calvus, <$ , Goffin, Schley. Mm. H. N. Pays-Bas. Bucc. 
p. 49. 

a y b. West Africa. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

44. MEGALAIMA BONAP ARTEL Bonaparte's Barbet. 

Gymnobucco Bonapartei, Verr. Cab. Journ. f. Orn. (1855) p. 201. 
Gymnocranus Bonapartei, Heine, Cab. Journ. (1860) p. 191. 



CAPITONIDJE. 17 

Barbatula ftiliginosa, Cass. Proc. Acad. Philad. (1855) p. 324. 
Gymnocranus fuliginosus, Cab. Journ. (1860) p. 191. 
Megalaima Bonapartei, Goffin, Schleg. Mus. H. N.Pays-Bas,Bncc. 
p. 51. 

a, b. Gaboon. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 



3. TRACHYPHONUS. 

Titia, Herm. (1804?). 

Trachyphonus, Ranz. Elem. di Orn. (1823) p. 157. 

Cucupicus, Less. Man. d'Orn. (1828) ii. p. 116. 

Polysticte, Smith, S. Afr. Journ. (1835) p. 

Promepicus, Lafr. 

Lipormx, Wagl. 

1. TRACHYPHONUS CAFER. Levaillant's Barbet. 

Picus cafer, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 102. 
Trachyphonus Vaillantii, Ranz. Elem. di Zool. iii. p. 159. 
Trachyphonus cafer, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. of B. (1841) p. CO. 
Polysticte quopopa, A. Smith, Rep. xp. Expl. Int. Afr. p. 
Micropogon sulphuratus, Lafr. Mag. de Zool. (1836) t. 60. 
Picus Lathami, Wagl. 

Capito Vaillantii, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 
Cucupicus cafer, Less. Man. d'Orn. ii. p. 116. 
Capito cafer, Gqffin, Schleg. Mus. H. N. Pays-Bos, Bucc. p. 65. 
Levaill. Prom. t. 32. 

a. South Africa. Presented by H. Doubleday, Esq. 

b, c. Tette. From Dr. Livingstone's Expedition. 

d. South Africa. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

e. South Africa. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

2. TBACHYPHONUS MABGARITATUS. The Pearl-spotted Barbet, 

Bucco margaritatus, Rilpp. Zool. Atlas, t. 20. 
Micropogon margaritatus, Temm. PL Col. 490. 
Tamatia erythropygos, Ehrenb, Symbol. Phys. t. 7. 
Capito margaritatus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 
Micropogon margaritaceus, Temm. PI. Col. (text). 
Trachyphonus margaritatus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 142. 
Lypornix erythropyga, Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 658. 
Polysticte margaritata, A. Smith. 

a. Abyssinia. Presented by the Secretary of State for India. 

b. Abyssinia. 

c3 



18 SCANSORES. 

3. TRACHYPHONUS SQUAMICEPS. The Scaly-headed Barbel. 

Trachyphonus sq\iamice]>s,HeuyLI}eitr. t.28. f.2 ; id. Ibis (1861), 

pi. 5. f. 4. 

Trachyphonus cafer, pt., Terr. 
Capito squamiceps, Goffin, Schleg. Mus. H. N. Pays-Bas, Bucc. 

p. 70. 

a. East Africa. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

4. TRACHYPHONUS PURPURATUS. The Purple Barbet. 
Trachyphonus purpuratus, Verr. Rev. et Mag. de Zool. (1851) 

Capito purpuratus, Goffin, Schleg. Mus. N. H. Pays-Bas, Bucc. 
p. 71. 

a. Ashanti. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

b. Gaboon. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

5. TRACHYPHONUS GOFFINII. Goffin's Barbet. 
Capito Gomnii, Schl. Mus. H. N. des Pays-Bas, Bucc. p. 72. 
Hob. West Africa. 



4. PSILOPOGON. 

Psilopogon, Mull. Tijdsch. voor Natuurl. GescJiied. ii. p. 339 

(1835). 

Pseudobucco, DesMurs, Encycl. d'Hist. Nat. ii. p. 24 (1851). 
Buccotrogon, V. Kreling, Jahresberichte uber die Wirksamk. 

der naturforsch. Gesellschaft zu Emden, p. 20 (1852). 



1. PSILOPOGON PYROLOPHUS. The Fire-tufted Barbet, 

Bucco pyrolophus ; Temm. PL Col. 597. 

Psilopogon pyrolophus, Mull. Tijdschr. voor Nat. Gesch. ii. p. 339, 

t.8. f.3. 

Pseudobucco pyrolophus, Des Murs, Encycl. II. N. ii. p. 24. 
Buccotrogon torquatus, V. Krelingj Jahresb. naturf. Gesellsch. 

p. 20. 

, b. Sumatra. From Mr. S. Stevens's Collection. 
c, d. Sumatra. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 



CAPITONIDJE. 19 



5. CALORAMPHUS. 

Caloramphus, Less. Rev. Zool (1839) p. 139. 
Megalorhynchus, Eyton, Proc. Z. S. (1839) p. 106. 
Xylopogon, Temm. 
Psilopus, Temm. 
Callirhamphus, Agass. 

1. CALORAMPHUS HAYII. Tlie Red-breasted Barbet. 

Bucco Lathami, Raffl. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 284. 
Bucco Hayi, Gr. Zool. Misc. p. 33. 
Micropogon fuliginosus, Temm. PL Col. (text). 
Caloramphus sanguinolentus, Less. Rev. Zool. (1839) p. 139. 
Megalorhynchus spinosus, Eyton, Proc. Z. S. (1839) p. 106. 
Caloramphus Lathami, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. ofB. (1841) p. 69. 
Psilopus Hayi, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 141. 
Megalorhynchus Hayii, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 431. 
Megalorhynchus Lathami, Bl. 

a-b. Malacca. 

c. Malacca. Presented by W. Harvey, Esq. 

d. Malacca. Presented by Rajah Brooke. 
e-g. Malacca. 

h. Borneo. From Mr. Cuniing's Collection. 



6. TETRAGONOPS. 

Tetragonops, Jard. Edinb. N. Phil. Journ. (1855) p. 404. 

1. TETRAGONOPS RAMPHASTINUS. The Toucan-like Barbet. 

Tetragonops ramphastinus, Jard. Edinb. N. Phil. Journ. (18*55) 
p. 404 et (1856) p. 92. 

Edinb. N. Phil. Journ. 1856, pi. 4 ; Ibis, 1861, pi. 6. 

, b. Quito. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

2. TETRAGONOFS FRANTZII. Frantz's Barbet. 
Tetragonops Frantzii, Sdat. Ibis (1864), p. 371, pi. 10. 
Hob. Costa Rica. 



20 SCANSORES. 



7. CAPITO. 

Capito, Vieill. Anal. d'Orn. p. 27 (1816). 

Nystactes, Glog. Observ. sur les noms cFOis. p. (1827). 

Micropogon, Temm. PL Col text (1830). 

Nyctades !, G. R. Gr. 

Psilopogon, Boie, MS. ; Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 142. 

Eubucco, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 142 (1850). 



a. CAPITO. 

1. CAPITO ERYTHROCEPHALUS. The Cayenne Barbet. 

Bucco niger, Mull. Syst. Nat. Suppl. p. 89. 

Buceo erythrocephalus, Bodd. Tabl. desPl. Enl. de d'Atibent. p. 12. 

Bucco cayanensis, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 405. 

Capito cayanensis, Vieill. N. Diet. d^H. N. iv. p. 500. 

Micropogon cayanensis, Temm. PI. Col. (text). 

Capito erythrocephalus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 

Capito rubricollis, Vieill. Encycl. Meth. p. 1426. 

Bucco maculatus, Mull. Syst. Nat. Suppl. p. 89. 

Micropogon naevius, Temm. PL Col. (text). 

Capito naevius, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 

PI. Enl. 206. f. 1 ; Levaill tiarb. t. 23, 24, 26. 

PL Enl. 206. f. 2 5 Levaill. Barb. t. 25. 

a. South America. 

b. Cayenne. 

c. South America. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

d. South America. 



2. CAPITO AURATUS. The Peruvian Barbet. 

Bucco auratus, Dumont, Diet. Sci. Nat. 1st edit. iv. p. 54. 

Bucco peruvianus, Cuv. Regn. An. (1817) i. p. 428. 

Micropogon aureus, Temm. PL Col. (text). 

Capito aurifrons, Vigors, Proc. Z. 8. (1832) p. 3. 

Micropogon flavicolle, Bp. Proc. Z. S. (1837) p. 120. 

Capito punctatus, Less. Tr. d'Orn. p. 65. 

Capito peruvianus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 

Micropogon peruvianus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 142. 

Micropogon aurifrons, Bp. 

Eubucco aurifrons, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 142. 

Capito flavicollis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 



CAPITONID^E. 21 

Capito aureus, Goffin, Schleg. Mm. H. N. Pays-Bas, Bucc. p. 55. 
Levaill. Barb. t. 27. 
Des Murs, Iconogr. Ornith. t. 20. 

a. Rio Napo, male. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

b, c. Chamicuros, male and female. From Mr. Gould's Col- 

lection. 
d, e. New Granada, male and female. From Mr. Stevens' s 

Collection. 
fj g. Lima. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 

3. CAPITO AMAZONICUS. The Amazonian Barbet. 

Micropogon amazonicus. Des M. &- Dev. Rev. et Mag. de Zool. 

(1849) p. 174. 

Capito amazonicus, Sclat. Ibis (1861), p. 186. 
Voy. de la Castcln. Ois. t. 3. f. 2. 

a. Ega. From Mr. Stevens's Collection. 

b. British Guiana. From Chev. Schomburgk's Collection. 

c. Upper Amazon. From Mr. Stevens's Collection. 

4. CAPITO AUROVIRENS. The Golden-green Barbet. 

Bucco aurovirens, Cuv. Reg. An. (1829) i. p. 458. 
Capito aurovirens, G. R. Gr. Gen. of^B. ii. p. 430. 
Eubucco aurovirens, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 142. 
Micropogon aurovirens, Bp. Proc. Z. S. (1837) p. 120. 
Levaill. Barb. Suppl. t. E. 

a-c. Ucayali, male. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

d. Nauta, female (young). From Mr. Bartlett's Collection. 



b. jEusucco. 

5. CAPITO VERSICOLOB. The Beautiful Barbet. 

Bucco versicolor, Mull. Syst. Nat. Suppl. 88. 
Bucco pictus, Bodd. Tabl des PI. Enl. p. 20. 
Bucco elegans, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 406. 
Capito mayanensis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 
Eubucco elegans, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 142. 
Eubucco pictus, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1857) p. 268. 
Capito (Eubucco) pictus, Sclat. 

PL Enl. 330 ; Levaill. Barb. t. 34. 

a. Peru. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 



22 



SCANSOBES. 



6. CAPITO TSCHUDII. Tschudi's Barbet. 

Capito erythrocephalus, Tschudi, Fauna Per. p. 260. 
Eubucco erythrocephalus, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1857) p. 268. 
Capito (Eubucco) erythrocephalus, Sclat. 
Capito Tschudii, Sclat. Ibis (1861), p. 188. 

Hob. Peru. 

7. CAPITO BOUBCIEBI. Bourcier's Barbet. 

Micropogon Bourcieri, Lafr. Rev. de Zool, (1B45) p. 179. 
Capito Bourcieri, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 430. 
Eubucco Bourcieri, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 142. 
Capito (Eubucco) Bourcieri, Sclat. 
Rev. et Mag. de Zool. 1849, t. 4. 

a. Bogota. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

b. Bogota. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

c. Quito. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

d. Rio Napo, variety. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

e. New Granada. 

/. New Granada. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 
g. Bogota. From Mr. Stevens's Collection. 

8. CAPITO RICHABDSONI. Richardson's Barbet. 

Capito Richardsoni, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 430. 
Eubucco Richardsoni, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 142. 
Capito sulphurous, Eyton, Contr. Orn. (1849) p. 130. 
Capito (Eubucco) Richardsoni, Sclat. 

G. R. Gr. $ Mitch. Gen. of B. ii. pi. 106. 

a. New Granada. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

b. Rio Napo. 

c. New Granada. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

9. CAPITO AUBANTIICOLLIS. The Orange-necked Barbet. 

Eubucco aurantiicollis, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1857) p. 267. 
Capito aurantiicollis, Sclat. Ibis (1861), p. 189. 
Capito (Eubucco) aurantiicollis, Sclat. 

a. Upper Amazon. From Mr. Stevens's Collection. 

b, c. Ucayali, male. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

10. CAPITO HABTLAUBI. Hartlaub's Barbet. 

Micropogon Hartlaubii, Lafr. Rev. de Zool. (1845) p. 180. 
Capito Hartlaubii, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p, 430. 
Eubucco Hartlaubi, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 142. 



PICID^J. 23 

Capito capistratus, Eyton, Contr. Orn. (1849) p. 131. 
Megalaima capistratus, Eyton, Contr. Orn. (1850) p. 29. 
Capito (Eubucco) Hartlaubi, Sclat. 

Rev. et Mag. de Zool. (1849) t. 6. 

Contr. Orn. (1850) pi. 45. 

a. New Granada. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

b. Bogota. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

c. Quito. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

d. Sta. Fe de Bogota. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 

11. ? CAPITO MELANOTIS. The Black-eared Barbet. 

Eubucco Hartlaubi, $ aut juv., Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1857) p. 267. 
Capito melanotis, Hartl. $ Sclat. Ibis (1861), p. 190. 
Capito (Eubucco) melanotis, Sclat. 

a. New Granada. From Mr. Stevens's Collection. 

b. Bogota. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

c. d. Ucayali ; e. Rio Napo. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 
/. Rio Javari. From Mr. Stevens's Collection. 

12. CAPITO GLAUCOGULAKIS. The Glaucous-necked Barbet. 

Capito glaucogularis, Tschudi, Wiegm. Archiv (1844), p. 301. 
Micropogon glaucogularis, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 142. 
Eubucco glaucogularis, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1857) p. 268. 
Capito (Eubucco) glaucogularis, Sclat. 
Fauna Per. t. 24. f. 2. 

Hab. Peru. 



Fam. IV. PICIDjE. 

i. PICUMNIN^E. 
1. PICUMNUS. 

Picumnus, Temm. Planches Coloriees, with pi. 371 (182?). 
Yunx, p., Temm. Man. d'Orn. j). Ixxx (1820). 
Asthenurus, Sw. Zool. Journ. iii. p. 353 (1827). 
Piculus, 1. Geoffr. Nouv. Ann. du Mus. (1832) p. 396. 
Microcolaptes, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. (1854) p. 129. 
Craugiscus, Cab. fy II. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 10 (1863). 
Vivia, Hodgs. Journ. As. S. Beng. (1837) p. 107. 
Piculus, Hodgs. Journ. As. S. Beng. (1841) p. 29. 
Pipiscus, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 9 (1863). 



24 SCANSORES. 

a. PICUMNUS. 

1. PICUMNUS MINUTISSIMUS. The Minute Picumnus. 

Yunx minutissima, Gmel. 8. N. i. p. 423. 
Picus minutus, Lath. Ind. Orn. i. p. 243. 
Yunx minutissima, Less. Tr. d'Orn. p. 232. 
Picumnus cayanensis, Lafr. Rev. de Zool. (1845) p. 6. 
Piculus minutus, I. Geoffr. N. Ann. du Mus. (1832) p. 397. 
PL Enl. 786. f. 1. 

Hob. Cayenne. 

2. PICUMNUS BUFICOLLIS. The Rufous-necked Picumnus. 

Picumnus minutus, Licht. Verz. p. 11. 

Picumnus exilis, Temm. PI. Col. 371. f. 2 Malh. Monogr. des Pic. 

ii. p. 295, 1. 116. f. 34, 1. 120. f. 3. 
Picumnus ruficollis, Wagl., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 97. 
Picumnus squamiger, Lafresn. ? 
Yunx exilis, Less. Tr. d Orn. p. 232. 
Piculus exilis, J. Geoffr. N. Ann. du Mus. (1832) p. 397. 
Asthenurus exilis, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 311. 
Picumnus Ternminckii, p., Cab. fy H. 

Hob. Brazil. 

3. PICUMNUS CIRRATUS. The Fringed Picumnus. 

Picumnus cirratus, Temm. PI. Col. 371. f. 1. 

Picumnus Temminckii, Lafr. 

Picumnus cayanensis, Lafresn. Rev. Zool. (1845) p. 6 ; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 280, 1. 120. f. 1, 2, 3. 
Picumnus minutissimus, Max. Eeitr. iv. p. 378. 
Picumnus minutus, Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 645. 
Piculus cirratus, /. Geoffr. N. Ann. du Mus. (1832) p. 397. 
Asthenurus cirratus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 310. 
Yunx cirrhatus, Less. Tr. d* Orn. p. 232. 

a. Brazil, female. Presented by M. Olaussen. 
b-d. Brazil, males and female. From Mr. Gould's Col- 
lection. 
e. Brazil. Presented by Lord Stuart de Rothsay. 

4. PICUMNUS AZAIL&:. Azara's Picumnus. 

Picumnus Azarse, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iy. p. 20. 
Yunx minuta, Vieill. N. Diet. $H. N. xxxiv. p. 230. 
Picumnus Temminckii, Hartl. Ind. Azar. p. 17. 

a. Brazil, female. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 



25 



5. PICUMNUS MINUTUS. The Small Picumims. 

Motacilla minuta, Linn. S. N. (ed. 10) i. p. 189. 

Pipra minuta, Linn. S. N. (ed. 12) i. p. 340. 

Picus exilis, Licht. Verz. DouU. p. 11. 

Picumnus cirratus, Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 645. 

Picumnus Lichtensteinii, Lafr. Rev. de Zool. (1845) p. 6. 

Picumnus hypoxanthus, Reichb. Handb. Orn. p. 344; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 294, 1. 119. f. 1, 2. 
Picumnus guttatus, Reich. Handb. Orn. p. 344 ; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. ii. p. 295, t. 119. f. 3. 
Asthenurus minutus, Sw. Zool. Journ. iii. p. 353. 
Yunx cayanensis, Steph. Gen. Zool. xiv. p. 172. 

a. Brazil, female. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

b. Brazil, male. 

c. d. Brazil, male and female. 

6. PICUMNUS BUFFONI. Buffon's Picumnus. 

Yunx minutissimus, p., Gm. 

Picumnus Butfonii, Lafresn. Rev. de Zool. (1845) p. 6; Malh. 
Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 284, 1. 116*. f. 5, 6. 
PL Enl. 785. f. 1. 

a. Brazil, female. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

7. PICUMNUS LAFRESNAYI. Lafresnay's Picumnus. 

Picumnus Lafresnayi, Terr. ; Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 282, 
t. 118. f. 4, 5. 

Hab. Ecuador. 

8. PICUMNUS PUMILUS. The Pigmy Picumnus. 
Picumnus pumilus, Cab. Sf H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 16, 
Hab. - ? 

9. PICUMNUS OBBIGNYANUS. Orbigny's Picumnus. 

? Picus minimus, Shaw, Nat. Misc. pi. 44. 

Picumnus d'Orbignyanus, Lafresn. JRev. Zool. (1845) pp. 7 & 111 ; 

Malh. Monogr. des Pic.il p. 283. 
Microcolaptes Orbignyanus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Hab. Brazil. 

B 



26 SCANSORES. 

10. PICUMNUS SPILOGASTER. The Spotted-bellied Picumnua. 

Picumnus spilogaster, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 100. 
Picumnus minutus, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 17. 

Hab. Guiana. 



b. 



11. PICUMNUS GUTTIFER. The Spotted Picuinnus. 
Picumnus guttifer, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 101. 

a. Brazil, male. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

12. PICUMNUS LEPIDOTUS. The Brazilian Scaly Picumnus. 
Picumnus lepidotus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 14. 
a. North Brazil. 

13. PICUMNUS SQUAMIFEB. The Scaly Picumnus. 
Picumnus squamifer, Sundev. Consp. Pie. p. 102. 
Hab. Surinam. 

14. PICUMNUS SQUAMULATUS. The Small-scaled Picumnus. 

Picumnus squamulatus, Lafresn. Rev. Zool. (1854) p. 208 ; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 282, 1. 117. f. 3, 4. 
Microcolaptes squarmilosus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

a. Caraccas, female (young). From Mr. Dyson's Collection. 

b. New Granada, female. From Mr. Stevens 's Collection. 

c. New Granada, male. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

d. Bogota, male. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

e. ?, male (young). Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

15. PICUMNUS ALBOSQUAMATUS. The White-scaled Picumnus. 

Picumnus albosquamatus, D'Orb. fy Lafr. Voy. Amer. Mer. t. 64. 

f. 2 ; Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 283. 
Picumnus squamiger, Lafr. Rev. de Zool. (1845) p. 7. 
Microcolaptes albisquamatus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

a. Bolivia, male. From Mr. Brydges's Collection. 

b. ?, male. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

16. PICUMNUS SAGITTATUS. The Arrow-marked Picumnus. 
Picumnus sagittatus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 103. 
Hab. Brazil. 



27 



17. PicrMNUS NEBULOSUS. The Cloudy Picumnus. 
Picumnus nebulosus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 103. 
Hob. South America. 

18. PICUMNUS OLIVACEUS. The Olivaceous Picumnus. 

Picumnus olivaceus, Lafresn. Rev. de Zool. (1845) p. 7 ; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 295, 1. 120. f. 4, 5, 6. 
Microcolaptes olivaceus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

a. Bogota, male. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

b. New Granada, male. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

19. PICUMNUS GBANADENSIS. The New Granada Picumnus. 

Picumnus granadensis, Lafr. Rev. de Zool. (1847) p. 78; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. t. 118. f. 3. 
Microcolaptes granadensis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Hob. New Granada ; Ecuador. 

20. PICUMNUS CASTELNEAUI. Castelneau's Picumnus. 
Picumnus Castelneau, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. 1. 117. f. 1, 2. 
Hob. Sarayacou. 

d. CRAUGISCUS. 
21. PICUMNUS RUFIVENTBIS. The Rufous-bellied Picumnus. 

Asthenurus rufiventris, Bp. Proc. Z. S. (1837) p. 120. 
Picumnus rufiventris, Lafr. Rev. de Zool. (1845) p. 366; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 283, 1. 118*. f. 2. 
Picumnus rufiventer, Reich. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 345. 
Craugiscus rufiventer, Cab. fy If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 11. 

Hob. West Brazil. 

22. PICUMNUS CINNAMOMEUS. The Cinnamon Picumnus. 

Picumnus cmnamomeus, JF#<7/./ses(1829),p.646; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. ii. p. 277. 
Craugiscus cinnamomeus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 10. 

a, 6. Sta. Martha. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

D2 



28 SCANSORES. 



23. PICUMNUS OCELI>ATUS. The Ocellated Picumnus. 

Picumnus pygmaeus, Licht. Verz. Doubl. pp. 11, 12. 

Picumnus ocellatus, Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 646 ; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. ii. p. 280. 

Piculus pygmseus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
G. R. Gr. $ Mitch. Gen. of B. ii. pi. 107. 

a. Brazil, female. Presented by M. Claussen. 

b. Brazil, male. 

c. Brazil, male. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

24. PICUMNUS ASTERIAS. The Starry Picumnus, 
Picumnus asterias, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 97. 
Hob. Brazil. 

f. ? 

25. PICUMNUS MICROMEGAS. The Large Picumnus. 
Picumnus micromegas, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 95. 
Hab. Brazil. 

g. VIVIA. 

26. PICUMNUS INNOMINATUS. The Wee Wee Picumnus. 

Picumnus innominatus, Burt. P. Z. S. (1835) p. 154 ; Malk* 

Monog. des Pic. ii. p. 278, 1. 117. f. 5, 6. 
Vivia nipalensis, Hodgs. Journ. A. S. B. (1837) p. 107. 
Piculus nipalensis, Hodgs. Journ. A. S. B. (1841) p. 29. 
Piculus rufifrons, Hodgs. Gray's Zool. Misc. p. 85. 
Vivia innominata, Bp. 
Pipiscus innominatus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 9. 

a-f. Nepal. Presented by Brian H. Hodgson, Esq. 

2. SASIA. 

Sasia, Hodgs. Journ. As. S. Beng. (1836) p. 778. 
Comeris, Hodgs. Journ. As. S. Beng. (1841) p. 27. 
Picumnus, /. Geoffr. N. Ann. du Mus. (1832) p. 397? 
Microcolaptes, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. (1840) p. 54. 
Dryaltes, Glog. (1842). 
Picumnoides, Malh. (185-?). 

Verreauxia, Haiti. Syst. Orn.WestAfr. p. 218 (1857). 
Nannopipo, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 9 (1863). 



PICIDJB. 29 

a. SASIA. 

1. SASIA OCHBACEA. The Ochraceous Picumnus. 

Sasia ochracea, Hodgs. Journ. As. S. Beng. (1836) p. 778. 
Comeris ochracea, Hodgs. Journ. As. S. Beng. (1841) p. 27. 
Microcolaptes ochracea, Bl. Journ. As. 8. Beng. (1855) p. 191. 
Picumnoides ochraceus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 287. 

a-e. Nepal. Presented by Brian II. Hodgson, Esq. 
/. India. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

2. ? SASIA LACBYMOSA. The Weeping Picumnus. 

Sasia lacrymosa, Lafresn. Rev. et Mag. de ZooL (1854) p. 208. 
Picumnoides lacrymosa, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 287. 
Picumnus ochracea, p., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 106. 

Hob. Nepal, Assam. 

3. SASIA ABNORMIS. The Abnormal Picumnus. 

Picumnus abnormis, Temm. PL Col. 371. f. 3, 
Microcolaptes abnormis, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. (1840) p. 54. 
Sasia abnormis, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. 1849, p. 65. 
Picumnoides abnormis, Malh. Monogr. desPic.ii. p. 286, t.115. f. 1. 

a, b. Malacca. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 
c, d. Malacca. Presented by W. Harvey, Esq. 
e. Malacca. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 

b. VEEREAUXIA. 
4. SASIA AFBICANA. The West African Picumnus. 

Sasia africana, Verr. Rev. et Mag. de Zool. (1855) p. 217. 
Verreauxia africana, Hartl. Syst. der Orn. W. Afr. p. 17(5. 
Picumnus Verreauxii, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 284, 1. 1 1 8. f. 1 . 

a. West Africa. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 



iii. PICINM. 
1. PICOIDES. 

Picoides, Lacep. Mem. de Vlnstit. (1801) p. 509. 
Tridactylia, Shaw, Gen. Zool ix. p. 218 (1815). 
Apternus, Sw. Faun. Bor. Amer. ii. p. 302 (1831). 
Pipodes, Glog. Hand-u. Hilfsb. der Naturg. p. 198 (1842). 
Dinopium, Rafinesque (1815). 

D3 



30 SCANSOKES. 

1. PICOIDES TRIDACTYLTJS. The Northern Three-toed 
Woodpecker. 

Picus tridactylus, Linn. Fauna Suec. p. 103. 

Dryobates tridactylus, Boie, Isis (1828), p. 326. 

Dendrocopus tridactylus, Koch, Baier. Zool. p. 74. 

Tridactylia hirsuta, *Steph. Gen. Zool. ix. p. 219. 

Picoides tridactylus, Lacep. Mem. de TInstit. 

Picoides (Apternus) tridactylus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Picus hirsutus, Vieill. Ois. d'Amer. Sept. i. 124. 

Picoides variegatus, Valenc. Diet. Sci. Nat. xl. p. 191. 

Picoides europseus, Less. Tr. d'Orn. p. 217; Malh. Monogr. des 

Pic. p. 170, t. 38. f. 1, 2, 3. 
Apternus tridactylus, Sw. Class, of B. ii. p. 306. 
Picoides longirostris, septentrionalis, montanus et alpinus, 

Brehm. 

a, b. Russia, male and female. From the Moscow Museum. 
Cj d. North Bothnia, male and female. 

2. PICOIDES CRISSOLEUCTJS. The White-thighed Woodpecker. 

Picus crissoleucus, Brandt, MS. 

Apternus Kamtschatkensis, Bp. MS. 

Picus tridactylus, Pall. Zoogr. i. p. 415. 

Picoides (Apternus) crissoleucos, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Apternus crissoleucus, Rchb. Syn. p. 362. 

Picoides crissoleucus, Malh. Monogr. desPic. p. 180, t.40. f. 1, 2, 5. 

Picus tridactylus, var. orientalis, Sundev. 

Hob. Kamtschatka, Siberia, Ural Mountains, Amur. 

3. PICOIDES AMERICANTJS. The Banded Three-toed 
Woodpecker. 

Picus (Apternus) tridactylus, Sw. Fauna B.A. ii. p. 311, pi. 56. 

Picus (Apternus) americanus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 306. 

Picus tridactylus, Bp. Syn. of B. U. S. p. 46. 

Picus hirsutus, Vieill., Wagl. Syst. Av. ; Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 139. 

Picoides hirsutus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 434. 

Picus arcticus, Dekay, Nat. Hist. New York, p. 190, pi. 17. f. 36. 

Picoides (Apternus) hirsutus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Picoides americanus, Brehm, Vollst. Vogelf. p. 71; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. p. 176, t. 39. f. 1, 2. 

Picus undulatus, Vieill. Ois. Amer. Sept. ii. p. 69. 
Tridactylia undulata, Steph. Gen. Zool. ix. p. 220. 
Picus undosus, Cuv. Eegn. An. (1829) p. 451 ; PL Enl 553. 



31 

a-c. Fort Simpson, males and females. Presented by Ber- 
nard R. Ross, Esq. 

J, e. Arctic Expedition. Presented by Dr. J. Rae. 

/. Northern Land Expedition, male. Presented by Capt. 
Sir G. Back, R.N. 

4. PICOIDES DORSALIS. The Striped Three-toed Woodpecker. 

Picoides dorsalis, Baird, B. of N. Am. p. 100, pi. 85. f. 1 ; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 179. 
Picoides americanus, p.?, Cass. Journ.Ac. Phil. (1863) p. 203. 

a. West side of Rocky Mountains, male. Presented by 
J. K. Lord, Esq. 

5. PICOIDES ARCTICUS. The Black-backed Three-toed 
Woodpecker. 

Picus tridactylus, Wils. Amer. Orn. iii. p. 243, pi. 14. f. 2. 

Picus (Apternus) arcticus, Sw. Fauna B.A. p. 313. 

Picus arcticus, Sw. fy Rich. 

Picoides arcticus, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 434 ; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. p. 174, t. 39. f. 5, 6. 

Picoides (Apternus) arcticus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus Kochii, Naum. MS. 

a. Fort Simpson. Presented by Bernard R. Ross, Esq. 
b-d. West side of Rocky Mountains, males and female. 
Presented by J. K. Lord, Esq. 



2. PICUS. 

Picus, p., L. S. N. (1735). 
Picus, Brehm, Isis (1828), p. 1274. 
Dendrocopos, Koch, Baier. Zool. i. p. 72 (1816). 
Dendrocopus, Kaup, Naturl. Sijst. p. 160 (1829). 
Dryocolaptes, p., Glof/. 
Leuconotopicus, Malh. (1845). 
Dendrodromas, Kaup, Naturl. Syst. p. 136 (1829). 
Pipripicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. (1854) p. 129. 
Dendrocoptes, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. 1863, p. 41. 
Piculus, Brehm, Vollst. Vogelf. (1855) p. 
Xylocopus, Cab. Sf H. Mus. Hein. (1854) p. 51. 
Dendrotypes, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. (1854) p. 46. 
Leippicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. 1854, p. 129. 
Liopicus, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. (1854) p. 44. 



32 SCANSOBES. 

Hypopicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. 1854, p. 129. 
Xylurgus, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hem. (1863) p. 50. 
Yungipicus, Bp. Ann. des Set. Nat. 1854, p. 129. 
Baeopipo, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. (1863) p. 54. 
Dryobates, Boie, Isis (1826), p. 326. 
Dendrocopus, Sw. Faun. Bor.Amer. ii. p. 305 (1831). 
Trichopicus, p., Bp. Ateneo Ital. 1854, p. 
Trichopico, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. (1863) p. 62. 
Tridactylia, Bp. Ann, des Sci. Nat. (1854) p. 129. 
Dyctiopicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. (1854) p. 129. 
Dictyopipo, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. (1863) p. 74. 
Hyloscopus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. (1863) p. 75. 
Phrenopicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. (1854) p. 129. 
Pyronpicus, Bp., Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii (1854 ?). 
Threnopipo, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. (1863) p. 70. 
Trichopicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. (1854) p. 129. 
Cactocraugus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. (1863) p. 72. 
Pilumnus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. (1854) p. 129. 
Sphyrapicus, Baird, Rep. Expl. et own?. Miss. Railr. Rout. ix. 

2. B. p. 103 (1858). 

Sphyropicus, Scktt. fy Salv. Ibis (1859), p. 136. 
Cladoscopus, Cab. fy H. Mtis. Hein. (1863) p. 80. 



a. Pious. 

1. Picus MAJOR. The Great Spotted Woodpecker. 

Picus major, Linn. S. N. i. p. 176 ; PL Enl 196 <$ , 595 $ ; Malh . 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 56, t. 16. f. 8, 9. 
Picus discolor, Frisch, t. 36. 
Picus cissa, Pall. Zoogr. i. p. 412 ? 
Dendrobates major, Boie, Isis (1828), p. 326. 
Picus pipra, Macgill. Hist. Brit. B. iii. p. 80. 
Dendrocopus major, Koch, Baier. Zool. i. p. 72. 
Picus (Dendrocopus) major, Siv. Classif. of B. ii. p. 307. 
Picus oashiriensis, Ferr., Bp. Consp. Vol. Zygod. p. 8. 
Picus brevirostris, alpestris et mesospilus, Rchb. 
Picus pityopicus, montanus, pinetorum, frondium, lucorum et 

sordidus, Brehm. 

a, b. Essex, male and female. From Mr. Baker's Collection. 

c. Essex, female. Presented by H. Frith, Esq. 

d. Wiltshire. 

e. Norfolk, young. Presented by Lady Hanniford. 

f-h. Russia, male and females. From the Moscow Museum. 
t. Alexandria, male. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 



33 

2. Picus MANDARINUS. The Madarin Woodpecker. 

Picus Mandarinus, Malh. Bull Soc. d'Hist. Nat. Mosc. (1856) 

p. 17 ; id. Monogr. des Pic. p. 61, 1. 17. f. 8, 9. 
Picus Cabanisi, Rchb. Handb. Spec. Orn. pp. 365 & 843. 
Dendrocopus mandarinus, Cab. fy If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 34. 

a. China, male. From Mr. Cuirdng's Collection. 

3. Picus LUCIANI. Lucian's Woodpecker. 

Picus Luciani, Malh. Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Mos. (1857) p. 2 j id. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 63, 1. 17. f. 4, 5. 
Dendrocopus Luciani, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 36. 
Picus mandarinus, p., Sicinh. Proc. Z. S. (1863) p. 268. 

Hob. Hindustan. 

4. Picus GOULDII. Gould's Woodpecker. 

Picus Cabanisi, Gould, S. of Asia, pi. 
Picus Gouldii, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 62, t. 17. f. 6, 7. 
Dendrocopus Gouldi, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 35. 
Picus mandarinus, p., Sunnh. Proc. Z. S. (1863) p. 268. 

a. Japan, male. From Mr. Stevens's Collection. 
6, c. Japan, male and female. From Mr. Whitely's Col- 
lection. 

5. Picus CABANISI. Cabanis's Woodpecker. 

Picus Cabanisi, Malh. Journ. fur Ornith. (1854) p. 172; id. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 60, t. 17. f. 1, 2. 
Dendrocopus Cabanisi, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 34. 
Picus mandarinus, p., Swinh. Proc. Z. S. (1863) p. 268. 

a. Shanghai, female. Presented by the Secretary of State 
for India. 

6. Picus HIMALAYENSIS. The Himalayan Woodpecker. 

Picus himalayensis, Jard. Illustr. of Orn. p . 116; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. p. 67, 1. 19. f. 3, 4. 

Dendrocopus himalayanus, Vigne, Proc. Z. S. (1841) p. 6. 
Picus (Dendrocopus) himalayanus, juv., Bl. Journ. A. S.B. (1842) 

p. 165. 

Picus himalayanus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 435. 
Dendrocopus himalayensis, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 36. 

a, b. Himalaya Mountains, males. Presented by J. Gould, 

Esq. 
c. Himalaya Mountains, female. 



34 SCANSORES. 

7. Pious ASSIMILIS. The Allied Woodpecker. 

Picus assimilis, Natt., Bl. Journ. A. 8. B. (1849) p. 803 ; Malh. 
Monogr. des Pic. p. 69, 1. 19. f. 1, 2. 

a, b. Cashmere. Presented by Dr. Horsfield. 

8. Picus NUMIDICUS. The Algierian Woodpecker. 

Picus numidus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Roy. Metz, ii. p. 242 ; id. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 65, 1. 18. f. 1, 2, 3. 
Picus (Leuconotopicus) numidicus, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1845) 

p. 375. 

Picus jaballa, Levaill. 

Picus Jugurtha, Malh. Monogr. Pic. i. p. 65. 
Picus mauritanus s. P. lunatus, Brehm, Vollst. Vogelf. p. 69. 
Dendrocopus numidicus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 34. 

a. Algiers, male. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

b. Algiers, female. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 

c. Algiers, young male. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

9. Picus FELICIAS. The Syrian Woodpecker. 

Picus Felicise, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 127, t. 28. f. 8, 9. 

Picus major, StricU. Proc. Z. S. (1835) p. 79. 

Picus syriacus, Verr. MS. 

Picus nuniidicus, Reich. Handb. Spec. Orn. t. 633, 4213. 

Dendrocopus Felicise, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 30. 

a. Bamur Hermon. From the Rev. H. B. Tristram's Col- 

lection. 

b. Lebanon. From the Rev. H. B. Tristram's Collection. 

10. Picus MAJOROIDES. The Darjeeling Woodpecker. 

Dendrocopus maj oroides, Hodgs., Gray, Zool. Misc. p. 82. 
Picus Hodgsonii, Malh., Horsf. fy Moore, Cat. of B. ii. p. 671. 
Dendrocopus Himalayanus, BL Journ. A. S. B. (1842) p. 165. 
Picus (Dendrocopus) Darjellensis, Bl. Journ. A. S.B. (1845) p. 196. 
Picus Darjellensis, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1847) p. 466. 
Picus Pearsoni, Malh. Monogr. Pic. i. p. 70. 
Picus (Hypopicus) Darjellensis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus maj oroides, Hodgs. Cat. of Nepal B. p. 115 ; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. y. 70, t.16. f. 1,2. 

Picus dargellensis !, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 21. 
Dendrocopus dargeelensis, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 36. 

a, h. Nepal. Presented by Brian H. Hodgson, Esq. 

i. Himalaya Mountains. Presented by the Secretary of 
State for India. 



35 

11. Picus KHAN. The Persian Woodpecker. 
Picus Khan, Defil. Viagg. in Persia, p. 348. 

a, b. Persia. Presented by C. Darwin, Esq. 

b. DENDRODROMAS. 
12. Picus LEUCONOTUS. The White-backed Woodpecker. 

Picus leuconotus, Bechst. Nat. Deut. ii. p. 1034, t. 25. f. 1, 2 ; 

Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 89, t. 23. f. 1, 2. 
Picus leuconothus, Vieill N. Diet. ffH. N. xxvi. p. 73. 
Dryobates leuconotus, Boie, Isis (1828), p. 326. 
Dendrodromas leuconotus, Kaup, Natiirl. Syst. p. 136. 
Picus (Pipripicus) leuconotus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus polonicus, Brehm. 
Picus syriacus, Taczanoivski. 

a. Europe, female. From the Zoological Society's Col- 
lection. 

6, c. Europe, male and female. From M. Verreaux's Col- 
lection. 

13. Picus URALENSIS. The Siberian Woodpecker. 

Picus cirris, Pall. Zoogr. i. p. 410 ? 

Picus (Pipripicus) uralensis, Pr. B. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus uralensis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 92, t. 23. f. 4, 5. 
Dendrodromas cirris, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 39. 

a, b. Japan, females. From Mr. Whitely's Collection. 

14. Picus INSULARIS. The Formosan Woodpecker. 

Picus insularis, Gould, Proc. Z. S. (1862) p. 283. 
Dendrodromas insularis, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 38. 

a, b. Island of Formosa. From Mr. Swinhoe's Collection. 

c. DENDROCOPTES. 
15. Picus MEDIUS. The Middle-spotted Woodpecker. 

Picus medius, Linn. S. N. i. p. 176 ; PL Enl. 611 : Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. p. 83, t. 20. f. 6, 7. 
Dryobates medius, Boie, Isis (1828), p. 326. 
Dendrocopus medius, Koch, Syst. Baier. i. p. 73. 
Picus cynaedus, Pall. Zool. i. p. 413. 



36 SCANSORES. 

Picus (Pipripicus) medius, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus roseiventris, meridionalis et quercum, Brehm. 
Dendrocoptes medius, Cab. 4* H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 41, 

a. Europe. 

16. Picus SYBIACUS. The Xanthusian Woodpecker. 

Picus syriacus, Hempr. fy Ehrenb. Synib. Phys. ; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. p. 95, t. 20. f. 4. 
Picus fuliginosus, Licht. 

Campethera syriaca, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 21. 
Picus damascenus, Antinori. 

Picus cruentatus, Antinori. Naumannia (1856), p. 411, t. 4. f. 1-3. 
Dendrocoptes syriacus, Cab. 8? H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 42. 

a. Xanthus. Presented by Sir 0. Fellowes. 

17. Picus SCINDIANUS. The Scinde Pied Woodpecker. 

Picus scindeanus, Gould, Horsf. fy M. Cat. of B. ii. p. 671, 981. 
Picus scindianus, Jerd. B. of 2nd. i. p. 273. 
Dendrocoptes scindeanus, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 42. 
Picus assimilis ?, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 23. 

a. Scindh. Presented by the Secretary of State for India. 

b, c. Shikarpore, male an'd female. Presented by the Secre- 

tary of State for India. 



d. XYLOCOPUS. 
18. Picus MINOR. The Lesser Spotted Woodpecker. 

Picus minor, Linn. S. N. i. p. 176; PL Enl. 598. f. 1, 2; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 113, t. 26. f. 4, 5, 6, 7. 
Dendrocopus minor, Koch, Baier. Zool. i. p. 73. 
Dryobates minor, Boie, Isis (1828), p. 326. 
" Picus striolatus, Meyer, Tasch. Vog." Malh. 
Picus Ledouci, Malh. Fauna Orn. Alger. p. 22. 
Picus (Dendrocopus) minor, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 307. 
Picus (Pipripicus) minor, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Piculus pusillus, hortorum, minor, herbarum et crassirostris, 

Brehm. 

Picus striatus, Macgill. Hist. Brit. B. iii. p. 86. 
Xylocopus minor, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 51. 

a. Wiltshire, male. From Col. Montagu's Collection. 
6, c. Combe Wood, Surrey, male and female. 



PICIDJE. 37 

d, e. Cambridgeshire, male and female. From Mr. Baker's 

Collection. 
/. Russia, male. 

9- ? 

h, i. Algiers, male and female. From M. Parzudald's Col- 
lection. 

19. Picus KAMTSCHATKENSIS. The Kamtschatka 
Woodpecker. 

Picus (Trichopicus) kamtschatkensis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) 

p. 

Picus kamtschatschensis, Bp. 

Picus kamtschatkensis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 115, t. 26. f. 1, 2. 
Xylocopus kamtschatcensis, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 53. 

Hab. Kamtschatka. 

20. Picus CATHPHABIUS. The Lesser Black Woodpecker. 

Dendrocopus cathphorius, Hodgs., Gray, Zool. Misc. p. 85. 
Dendrocopus cathpharius, Hodgs. Journ. A. S. B. (1843) p. 1006. 
Picus cathpharius, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1845) p. 196 ; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 104, t. 23. f. 7, 8. 
Picus (Hypopicus) cathphorius, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus cataphoricus, Reichenb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 377. 
Xylocopus cathpharius, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 51. 

a. Nepal. Presented by Brian H. Hodgson, Esq. 

b. Bootan. Presented by the Secretary of State for India. 

21. Picus STRICKLANDI. Strickland's Woodpecker. 

Picus (Leuconotopicus) Stricklandi, Malh. Rev. de Zool. 1845, 

p. 373. 
Picus Stricklandi, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 21; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 108, t. 28. f. 4, 5. 

Picus (Phrenopicus) Stricklandi, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Threnopico Stricklandi, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 71. 
Xylocopus Stricklandi, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 71. 

a. Mexico. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

e. DENDEO TYPES. 
22. Picus MACEI. Mace's Woodpecker. 

Picus Macei, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 80; Cuv., Temm. 
PL Col. 59. f. 2 ; Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 96, t. 24. f. 1, 2. 

E 



38 SCANSORES. 

Picus (Dendrocopus) Macei, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 307. 
Dendrocopus Wagleri, Hartl. Cat. Brem. Mm. p. 91. 
Dendrocopus pyriceps, Hodgs. Zool. Misc. p. 85. 
Picus Wagleri, Reich. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 368. 
Picus (Yungipicus) Macei, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dendrotypes Macei, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 46. 

a-f. Nepal, males and females. Presented by Brian H. 

Hodgson, Esq. 
(/. Himalaya Mountains, male. 

23. Picus ATRATUS. The Dark Woodpecker. 

Picus atratus, Bl. Cat. of B. p. 313. 

Dendrotypes ? atratus, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 49. 

Hob. Tenasserim. 

24. Picus ANALIS. The Sundan Woodpecker. 

Picus analis, Horsf. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 177; Malh. Monogr 

des Pic. p. 99, t. 24. f. 5, 6. 
Picus minor, Raffi. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 290. 
Picus Macei, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Dendrocopus Macei, Hartl Cat. Mm. Brem. p. 91. 
Picus pectoralis, Bl. Journ. A. 8. B. (1846) p. 15. 
Picus (Yungipicus) analis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus moluccensis, Rchb. Handb. Spec. p. 371. 
Picus Wagnerii, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1849) p. 804. 
Dendrotypes analis, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 47. 

a, b. Java. Presented by the Secretary of State for India. 
c. Lombock. From Mr. Wallace's Collection. 
dj e. Java, male and female. Presented by the Hon. East- 
India Company. 

25. Picus ANDAMANENSIS. The Andaman Woodpecker. 

Picus andamensis, BL Journ. A. S. B. (1859) p. 412. 
Picus andamanensis, Jerd. B. of Ind. i. p. 275. 
Dendrotypes andamanensis, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 48. 

Hob. Andaman Islands. 

26. Picus KALEENSIS. The Kalean Woodpecker. 

Picus kaleensis, Swinhoe, Ibis (1863), p. 390. 

Dendrotypes nesiotis, Heine, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 49. 

#, b. Island of Formosa. From Mr. Swinhoe's Collection. 
c. Island of Formosa, male. From M.Verreaux's Collection. 



PICIDJE. 3i) 

27. Picus CANIFBONS. The Hoary-fronted Woodpecker. 
Picus canifrons, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 26. 
Hab. Pekin. 

f. LEIOPICUS. 

28. Picus BBUNNEIFBONS. The Brown-fronted Woodpecker. 

Picus brunnifrons, Vig. Proc. Z. S. (1831) p. 176 5 Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. p. 107, 1. 18. f. 5, 6. 

Picus (Dendrocopus) brunnifrons, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 307. 
Picus auriceps, Vig. Proc. Z. S. (1831) p. 44. 
Picus (Leiopicus) brunnifrons, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus brunifrons, Rchb. 

Picus aurifrons !, G. It. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 435. 
Picus brunneifrons, Jerd. B. of Ind. i. p. 273. 
Liopico auriceps, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 45. 

a-f. Nepal, males and females. Presented by Brian H. 

Hodgson, Esq. 
g, h. Himalaya Mountains, males. 

29. Picus MAHRATTENSIS. The Mahratta Woodpecker. 

Picus mahrattensis, Lath. Ind. Orn. Suppl. p. xxxi ; Malh. Monoyr. 

des Pic. p. 109, t. 28. f. 1, 2. 

Picus (Dendrocopus) maratensis, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 307. 
Picus haemasoma, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Picus aurocristatus, Tick. Journ. A. S. B. (1833) p. 579. 
Picus (Leiopicus) mahrattensis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Liopico mahrattensis, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 44. 

a, b. Behar, male and female. Presented by Brian II. 

Hodgson, Esq. 

c. India, female. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. 
d-f. Madras, males. Presented by the Rev. H. H. Baber. 
g. India, female. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 
h. India, female. Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 

30. Picus BLANDFOKDI. Blandford's Woodpecker. 

Picus Blanfordi, BL, Jerd. B. of Ind. i. p. 275. 
Liopico Blandfordi, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 45. 

Hab. Upper Burmah. 

E2 



40 SCANSORES. 

g. HTPOPICUS. 

31. Picus HYPERYTHRUS. The Rufous-bellied Pied 
Woodpecker. 

Picus hyperythrus, Vig. Proc. Z. S. (1831) p. 23 ; Gould, Cent. 

ofB. pi. 50 ; Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 130, t. 30. f. 4, 5. 
Dendrocopus hyperythrus, Hodgs., Gr. Zool. Misc. p. 85. 
Picus (Hypopicus) hyperythrus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus obscurus, Horsf., Malh. Monogr. Pic. i. p. 131. 
Xylurgus hyperythrus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 50. 

a-f. Nepal, male and females. Presented by Brian H. 

Hodgson, Esq. 
g. Himalaya Mountains. 

32. Picus POLIOPSIS. The Chinese Woodpecker. 

Picus hyperythrus, Swinhoe, Proc. Z. S. (1862) p. 319. 

Picus hyperythrus, var. poliopsis, Swinh.Proc.Z. S. (1863) p. 268. 

Picus subrufinus, Cab. 8f H. 

Xylurgus subrufinus, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 50. 

Hab. Tientsin, Pekin. 

h. YUNGIPICUS. 

33. Picus SEMICORONATUS. The Darjeeling Pigmy 
Woodpecker. 

Picus semicoronatus, Malh. Bull. Soc. d'H. N. Metz (1848), p. 21 ; 

id. Monogr. des Pic. p. 148, t. 34. f. 8. 
Picus pygmseus (senior), BL Journ. A. S. B. (1845) p. 197. 
Picus rubricatus, BL Cat. of B. p. 63. 

Picus (Yungipicus) semicoronatus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Yungipicus rubricatus, Jerd. B. of Ind. i. p. 276. 
Baeopico semicoronata, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 54. 

Hab. Nepal. 

34. Picus MITCHELLI. Mitchell's Woodpecker. 

Picus Mitchell!, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 530 ; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. p. 142, t. 32. f. 1, 2. 
Picus trisulensis, Licht. MS. 
Picus (Yungipicus) Mitchelli, trisulensis, et scintilla, Bp. Ateneo 

Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus scintilla, Natt. 
Dendrocopus moluccensis, Hodgs., Gr. Zool. Misc. p. 85. 



PICIDJE. 41 

Picus pygmaeus, SI. Journ. A. S. B. (1845) p. 197. 
Picus zizuki, Hodgs. Cat. of Coll. Nep. B. M. p. 116. 
Baeopico Mitchelli, Cab. fy If. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 55. 

a-e. Nepal. Presented by Brian H. Hodgson, Esq. 

35. Picus AURITUS. The Ked-eared Woodpecker. 

Tripsurus auritus, Eyton, Ann. N. H. (1845) p. 229. 
Picus auritus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 150, t. 35. f. 1. 
Picus (Yungipicus) auritus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Baeopico aurita, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 59. 

a. Malacca, male. Presented by A. Charlton, Esq. 

36. Picus PYGM2BUS. The Dwarfish Woodpecker. 

Picus pygmseus, Vig. Proc. Z. S. (1831) p. 44 j Malh. Mono</r. 

des Pic. p. 147, t. 34. f. 5, 6, 7. 

Picus (Yungipicus) pygmseus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Baeopico pygmaea, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 56. 

a. Himalaya Mountains, female. From the Zoological 
Society's Collection. 

37. Picus SCINTILLICEPS. The Spark-headed Woodpecker. 

Picus scintilliceps, Swinhoe, Ibis (1863), p. 96. 
Baeopico scintilliceps, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 55. 
Picus trisulensis, Licht. MS. 

a. North China, male. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 

38. Picus KIZUKI. The Japan Woodpecker. 

Picus kizuki, Sieb. 9 Temm. PI. Col. (text). 

Picus kisuki, Temm. fy Schleg. Fauna Jap. p. 74, t. 37 ; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 154, t. 36. f. 1, 2. 
Picus zizuki !, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 435. 
Picus (Yungipicus) kisuki, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus kogera (Mus. Z. &), Malh. Motigr. Pic. i. p. 154. 
Baeopico kisuki, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hem. iv. p. 60. 

Hab. Japan. 

39. Picus MENISCUS. The Crescented Woodpecker. 

Picus meniscus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 151, t. 35. f. 2. 
Baeopico menisca, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 55. 

Hab. Bengal. 

E3 



42 SCANSORES. 

40. Picus GYMNOPHTHALMUS. The Naked-eyed Woodpecker. 

Picus gymnophthalmos, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1849) p. 804 ; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 153. 
Picus (Yungipicus) gymnophthalmus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) 

p. 

Yungipicus gymnophthalmos, Jerd. B. of Ind. i. p. 279. 
Baeopico gymnophthalma, Cab. H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 59. 

a. Ceylon, female. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 

b. Ceylon, male. Presented by J. P. Green, Esq. 

41. Picus NANUS. The Southern Pigmy Woodpecker. 

Picus nanus, Vig. Proc. Z. S. (1831) p. 172 ; Malh. Monogr. des 

Pic. p. 143, t. 33. f. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. 

Picus moluccensis, Gr. Illustr. Ind. Zood. pi. 1. f. , b. 
Picus cinereigula, Malh. Rev. et Mag. Zool. (1849) p. 531. 
Picus (Yungipicus) Hardwickii et nanus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) 

p. 

Picus variegatus, p., Malh. Monogr. Pic. p. 139. 
Picus Hardwickii, Jerd. Madr. Journ. xiii. p. 138. 
Picus variegatus, Bl. Cat. of B. p. 64. 
? Picus freniger, Reichenb. 

Yungipicus variegatus, Horsf. M. Cat. of B. ii. p. 675. 
Baeopico nana, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 57. 

a. - ?, female. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

b. Behar, male. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. 

c. Madras, male. Presented by the Rev. B. B. Baber. 

42. ? Picus OTARIUS. The Eared Woodpecker. 

Picus otarius, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. i. p. 152, t. 35. f. 5, 7. 

Picus freniger, Reich. 

Picus nanus, p., Sundev. 

Baeopico gymnophthalma, p., Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 59. 

Hab. Moluccas or Sunda Islands or Ceylon ? 

43. Picus MOLLUCCENSIS. The Brown Woodpecker. 

Picus molluccensis, Gmel. 8. N. i. p. 439; PI. Enl. 748. f. 2; 

Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 143, t. 32. f. 4, 5, 6 ; Cab. $ H. Mus. 

Hein. iv. p. 61. 
Picus pygmaeus, Wagl. 
Picus (Yungipicus) nioluccensis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Hab. Moluccas. 



PICIDJE. 43 

44. Pic us VARIES ATUS. The Variegated Woodpecker. 

Picus variegatus, Wagl. Syst. Av. ; Malh. Monogr. Pic. p. 139. 

t.33. f. 8,9. 

Picus moluccensis, Temm. Tail. Meth. p. 68. 
Picus (Yungipicus) moluccensis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Baeopico variegata, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 54. 

a. Java, female. Presented by the Secretary of State for 

India. 

b. Sumatra, female. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

c. Borneo, male. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

d. ? Malacca, female. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

e. ? Pulopenang, male. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

45. Picus CANICAPILLUS. The Hoary-headed Woodpecker. 

Picus canicapillus,.Z7/.7bMrtt. A.S.B. (1845) p. 97; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. p. 141. 
Picus Mitchell! , Malh. 

? Picus (Yungij)icus^) trisulensis, p., Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Yungipicus canicapillus, Horsf. fy M. Cat. of B. ii. p. 677. 
Baeopico canicapilla, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 58. 

a, b. India, male and female. Presented by the Secretary 

of State for India, 
c. Tenasserim, male. Presented by J. D. C. Packman, Esq. 

46. Picus VALIDIROSTRIS. The Stout-billed Woodpecker. 

Picus minor, var., Lath. 

Picus moluccensis, Less. Tr. (TOrnith. p. 221. 

Picus nanus, BL Journ. A. S. B. (1845) p. 197. 

Picus validirostris, Bl. Cat. of B. p. 64. 

Picus flavinotus, Malh. Monogr. Pic. i. p. 144. 

Picus maculatus, Jierd. B. of Ind. i. p. 279. 

Baeopico validirostris, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 60. 

a, b. Philippine Islands, male and female. From Mr. 
Cuming's Collection. 

47. Picus TEMMINCKII. Temminck's Woodpecker. 

Picus Temminckii, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 529 ; id. Monogr 

des Pic. p. 155, t.36. f. 3. 

Picus (Yungipicus) Temmincki, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Baeopico Teniminckii, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 60. 

a. Celebes, male. From Mr. Wallace's Collection. 



44 SCANSORES. 



i. DRYOBATES. 

48. Pious PUBESCENS. The Little Woodpecker. 

Picus pubescens, Linn. 8. N. i. p. 175 ; Wils. Amer. Orn. pi. 9 j 

Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 119, t. 29. f. 8, 9. 
Dryobates pubescens, Boie, Isis (1826), p. 977. 
Picus (Dendrocopus) pubescens, Sw. Fauna B.-A. p. 307. 
Picus Audubonii, Sw. Fauna B.-A. p. 306. 
Picus (Trichopicus) pubescens, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus Lecontei, Jones, Ann. Lye. N. H. New York (1848), p. 489, 

pi. 17. 

Picoides (Tridactylia) Lecontei, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picoides Lecontei, Malh. Monogr. Pic. i. p. 182, t. 40. f. 7. 
Picus pubescens, p., Baird, B. of N. Am. p. 89. 
Dryobates pubescens, p., Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 64. 
Picus pubescens (accid. var.?), C ass. Jour n. Ac. Phil. (1863) p. 201. 

a. North America. 

b. North America. Presented by Dr. Ridgeway. 

c. North America. Presented by Capt. Sir G. Back, R.N. 

49. ? Pic us MEDIANUS. The New- Jersey Woodpecker. 
Picus (Dendrocopus) medianus, SID. Fauna B.-A. p. 308. 
Picus medianus, Nutt. Man. Ornith. ii. p. 601 j Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. p. 122. 

Picus (Trichopicus) medianus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus pubescens, pt. ?, Baird, B. of N. Am. p. 89. 
Dryobates pubescens, p., Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 63. 
Picus pubescens, p. ?, Cass.Journ.Ac.Phil. (1863) p. 201; Sundev. 

Consp. Pic. p. 17. 

Hab. New Jersey. 

50. ? Pic us MEBIDIONALIS. The Georgian Woodpecker. 

Dendrocopus meridionalis, Sw. Fauna B.-A. ii. p. 308. 

Picus meridionalis, G. E. Gr. ; Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 124. 

Picus (Trichopicus) meridionalis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Picus Gairdinerii, (Audub.) Rchb. 

Picus pubescens, p., Baird, B. of N. Am. p. 89. 

Dryobates pubescens, p., Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 63. 

Hab. Georgia. 

51. Picus GAIKDNEBI. Gairdner's Woodpecker. 

Picus Gairdneri, Audub. Syn. N. Amer. p. 180 ; Baird, B. N. Am. 
p. 91, pi. 85. f. 2, 3 5 Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 123. 



PICIDJE. 45 

Picus meridionalis, Nutt. Man. Orn. i. p. 690. 
Picus Gardner!!, G. It. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 435. 
Picus (Trichopicus) Gairdneri, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus Gairdneri, var. septentrionalis, Baird, Rep. Expl. fy Surv. 
Mississ. Pad/. Railr. Route, ix. p. 91. 

a-e. West side of Rocky Mountains. Presented by J. K. 

Lord, Esq. 
f-g. Vancouver's Island. 

52. ? Pic us HOMOHUS. The Oregon Woodpecker. 

Picus Gardineri !, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1857) p. 127. 

Picus Gairdneri, var. meridionalis, Bairdj B. N. Am. p. 92. 

Picus meridionalis, Heerm. 

Picus homorus, Cab. 8f H. 

Dryobates homorus, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 65. 

Picus Gairdneri, p., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 18. 

Hob. Oregon. 

53. ? Picus TURATI. Turat's Woodpecker. 

Picus Turati !, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 125, t. 29. f. 5, 6. 
Picus meridionalis ?, Gamb. Journ. Acad. N. S. Philad. (1847) 

p. 105. 

Dryobates Turatii, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 65. 
Picus Gairdneri, p., Sumlev. Consp. Pic. p. 18. 

Hob. California. 

54. ? Picus LEUCURUS. The White-tailed Woodpecker. 

" Picus leucurus, Wurt." Hartl. Naumannia (1852), p. 55 ; 

Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 122. 

Picus (Trichopicus) leucurus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dryobates leucurus, Cab. fy If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 65. 
Picus Gairdneri, p., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 18. 

Hob. Rocky Mountains. 

55. Picus VILLOSUS. The Hairy Woodpecker. 

Picus villosus, Linn. S. N. i. p. 175 ; Audub. B. of Am. iv. pi. 244 ; 

Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 75, t. 21. f. 1, 2. 
Picus (Trichopicus) villosus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dryobates villosus, Boie, Isis (1828), p. 326. 
Picus (Dendrocopus) villosus, Sw. Fauna B.-A. p. 305. 



46 SCANSORES. 

Picus villosus, var. medius, Baird, B. of N". Am. p. 84. 
Wils. Amer. Orn. pi. 9. f. 1 ; PI. Enl. 754. 

a. Fort Simpson. Presented by Bernard R. Ross, Esq. 
6, c. North America. 

e-h. West side of the Rocky Mountains. Presented by 
J. K. Lord, Esq. 

56. ? Picus LEUCOMELAS. The Canada Spotted Woodpecker. 

Picus leucomelas, Bodd. Tail, des PI Enl. p. 21 ; PL Enl. 345. 

f. 1, $ ; Cass. Journ. Ac. Phil. (1863) p. 199. 
Picus canadensis, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 437; Audub. B. of Am. iv. 

pi. 258 ; Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 78, t. 21. f. 4. 
Picus (Dendrocopus) villosus, Sw. $ Rich. Faun. B.-A. ii. p. 305 ? 
Picus septentrionalis, Nutt. Man. Orn. 2nd edit. i. p. 684. 
Dryobates canadensis, Boie, Isis (1828), p. 326. 
Picus villosus, var. major, Baird, B.of N. Am. p. 84. 
Dryobates leucomelas, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 67. 
Picus villosus, var., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 16. 
Picus villosus, Forst. Phil. Tram. (1772) p. 383. 

Hob. North America. 

57. ? Picus MARTINA. Martin's Woodpecker. 

Picus leucomelanus, Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Picus Martinso, Audub. Orn. Biogr. v. p. 181 ; id. B. of Am. iv. 

pi. 260. 

Picus Martini, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 82, t. 22. f. 1, 2. 
Picus rubricapillus, Nutt. Man. i. p. 685. 
Picus canadensis, (J, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 137. 
Picus (Trichopicus) Martinse, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus villosus, var. medius, p., Bairdj Rep. Expl. fy Surv. Mississ. 

Railr. Route, ix. p. 84. 

Dryobates leucomelas, p., Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 67. 
Picus villosus, var., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 16. 
Picus canadensis, juv., Cass. Journ. Ac. Phil. (1863) p. 199. 

Hob. Upper Canada. 

58. ? Picus PHILLIPSII. Phillips's Woodpecker. 

Picus Phillipsii, Audub. Orn. Biogr. v. p. 186 ; id. B. of Am. iv. 

pi. 259 ; Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 84, t. 21. f. 5. 
Picus Philips!! !, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 435. 
Picus (Trichopicus) Philips!, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus villosus, var. major, pt., Baird. Rep. Expl. fy Surv. Mississ. 

Railr. Route, ix. p. 84. 



47 

Dryobates leucomelas, p., Cab. fy If. Mm. Hem. iv. p. 67. 

Picus villosus, var., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 16. 

Picus canadensis, juv., Cass. Journ. Ac. Phil. (1863) p. 199. 

Hob. Massachusetts. 

59. ? Picus AUDUBONI. Audubon's "Woodpecker. 

Picus Audubonii, Sw. Fauna B.-A. ii. p. 306. 

Picus Auduboni, Trud. Journ. Ac. Phil. (1837) p. 404 ; Audub. B. 

of Am. iv. pi. 265 ; Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 87, t. 22. f. 4. 
Picus (Trichopicus) Auduboni, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus villosus, var. minor, Baird, B. of N. Am. p. 85. 
Dryobates villosus, p., Cab. 8f H. Mm. Hem. iv. p. 66. 
Picus villosus, var., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 16. 
Picus villosus, juv. <5 , Cass. Journ. Ac. Phil. (1863) p. 99. 

Hob. Louisiana. 

60. ? Picus CUVIEBI. Cuvier's Woodpecker. * 

Picus leucomelas, Wagl. 

Picus Cuvieri, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 85, t. 22. f. 3. 

Dryobates villosus, p., Cab. fy H. Mtts. Hein. iv. p. 67. 

Picus villosus, var., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 17. 

Picus villosus, juv. J, Cass. Journ. Ac. Phil. (1863) p. 199. 

Hab. North America. 

61. ? Picus HYPOSCOPTJS. Cabanis's Woodpecker. 

Picus hyposcopus, Cab. 8f H. 

Dryobates hyposcopus, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 69. 

Picus villosus, var., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 17. 

Hab. California. 

62. Picus HARRISII. Harris's Woodpecker. 

Picus Harrisii, Audub. B. of Amer. iv. p. 242, pi. 261 Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 74, t. 20. f. 1, 2. 

"Picus incarnatus, Licht." G. It. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 435. 
? " Picus inornatus, Licht." Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 268. 
Picus (Trichopicus) Harrisi, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Trichopipo Harrisi, Cab. fy H. 
Dryobates Harrisi, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 68. 

a, b. California, males. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 
c. West side of Rocky Mountains, male. Presented by 
J. K. Lord, Esq. 



48 SCANSOKES. 

d. North-west America, young. From Mr. Argent's Col- 

lection. 

e. British Columbia, male. Presented by J. K. Lord, Esq. 
/. Orcas Island, male. Presented by Dr. Lyall, K.N. 

V/. ?, young. Presented by Dr. Lyall, K.N. 

X. North-west America, female. Presented by Capt. Sir 
E. Belcher, C.B., RN. 



j. DYCTIOPICUS. 

63. Pious MIXTTJS. The Encenada Woodpecker. 

Picus mixtus, Bodd. TaU. des PI. Enl p. 47 ; PI Enl. 748. f. 1. 
Picus bicolor, Gmel. 8. N. i. p. 438 ; Math. Monogr. des Pic. p. 137, 

t. 34. f. 1,2, 3. 

Picus variegatus, Lath. Ind. Orn. i. p. 233. 
Picus maculatus, Vieill. N. Diet. d"H. N. xxvi. p. 91. 
Picus cS-ncellatus, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Chloronerpes maculatus, Hartl. Ind. Azarce, p. 17. 
Picus (Dyctiopicus) bicolor, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dictyopico mixta, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 76. 

Hob. Monte Video, Paraguay. 

64. Picus SCALARIS. The Barred Woodpecker. 

Picus scalaris, Licht., Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 511; Baird, B.N.Am. 
p. 94, pi. 41. f. 1; Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 116, t. 27. f.l, 2, 3, 4. 
Picus gracilis, Less. Rev. de Zool. (1839) p. 41. 
Picus parvus, Cabot, Boston Journ. N. H. (1845) p. 92. 
Picus (Dyctiopicus) scalaris, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dictyopipo scalaris, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 74. 

a. Mexico, female. 

Var. Picus Orizabse, Cass. Journ. N. S. Phil. (1863) p. 196. 
Picus scalaris, var. d'Orizaba, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. t. 27. f. 6. 

a. Mexico, female. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

65. Picus BAIBDI. Baird's Woodpecker. 

Picus Bairdi, Sclat. MS.] Malh. Monogr. des Pic. i. p. 118, t. 27. 

f. 7, 8. 

Dictyopipo Bairdi, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 76. 
Picus scalaris, p., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 18. 

Hob. North Mexico. 



PICIDJE. 49 

66. Pious VAGATUS. The Wandering Woodpecker. 

Picus vagatus, Cass. Proc. Acad. Phil. (1863) p. 196 ; id. Journ. 

Ac. Phil. (1863) pi. 52. 1. 
Picus scalaris, p., Simdev. Consp. Pic. p. 19. 

Hob. Mexico. 

67. Picus CANCELLATUS. The Cancellated Woodpecker. 

Picus cancellatus, Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 510. 
Picus Waglerii, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 112, t. 29. f. 1, 2, 3. 
Dendrobates maculatus, Burm. Syst. Uebers. Th. Bras. ii. p. 224. 
Picus (Dyctiopicus) Wagleri, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dictyopipo cancellata, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 78. 

Hob* South Brazil. 

68. Picus LIGNABIUS. The Chili Woodpecker. 

Picus lignarius, Mol. Stor. Nat. Chili, p. 209 ; Malh. Monogr. dcs 

Pic. p. 109, t. 26. f. 9, 10, 11. 
Picus albivittatus, Natt. 
Picus puncticeps, Lafr. 8f D'Orb. Voy. dans I' Am. Mer. p. 379, 

t. 64. f. 1. 

Picus melanocephalus, King, Proc. Z. S. (1830) p. 14. 
Picus Kingii, G. R. Gr. Voy. of Beagk, p. 113. 
Picus gradatus, Licht. 

Picus Kaupii, Hartl. Rev. et Mag. de Zool. (1852) p. 6. 
Picus (Dyctiopicus) lignarius, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus (Dyctiopicus) Kaupi, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Centurus gradatus et Colaptes lignarius, Rchb.Handb.Spec.Orn. 

p. 340. 
Dictyopipo lignaria, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 78. 

a. Bolivia, male. F^om Mr. Brydges's Collection. 

b. Chili, male. From Mr. Brydgeg's Collection. 

c. Valparaiso, male. Presented by Sir W. Burnett and 

Capt. Fitzroy, RN. 

d. Island of Chiloe, male. From the Zoological Society's 

Collection. 

ejf. Chili ?, m^le and female, young ? From the Zoological 
Society's Collection. 

69. Picus NUTTALLI. Nuttall's Woodpecker. 

Picus Nuttalli, Gamb. Proc. Acad. Sc. Philad. (1843) p. 259. 
Picus Wilsonii, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 529. 



50 SCANSORES. 

Picus scalaris, (nee Wagl.) Gamb. Journ. Acad. Philad. (1847) 

p. 55, pi. 19. f. 2, 3. 

Picus (Trichopicus) Wilsoni, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 8. 
Picus Nuttalli, JBaird, B. of N. Am. p. 93, pi. 41. f. 2; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 100, t. 24. f. 8, 9. 
Hyloscopus Nuttalli, Cab. fy H. MS. 
Dictyopipo Nuttalli, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 75. 

a. California, male. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 
6, c. California, male and female. From Mr. Gruber's 
Collection. 

70. Picus LUCASANUS. Xantus's Woodpecker. 

Picus lucasanus, Xantus, Proc. Acad. N. S. Philad. (1859) p. 302. 
Dictyopipo lucasana, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 75. 
Picus Nuttallii, p., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 20. 

Hob. Lower California. 

k. PHRENOPICUS. 

71. Picus BOREALIS. The Slit Woodpecker. 

Picus borealis, Vieill. Ois. d'Amer. Sept. ii. p. 66, 1. 122 j Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 136. 
Picus Vieillotii, Waql. Syst. Av. 
Picus querulus, Wils. Am. Orn. ii. p. 103, pi. 15. f. 1 5 Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 134, t. 31. f. 4, 5, 6. 
Dendrocopus querulus, Kaup. 

Picus (Phrenopicus) querulus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Threnopipo borealis, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 70. 

a. North America, female. Presented by A. Audubon, Esq. 

72. Picus JABDINII. Jardine's Woodpecker. 

Picus (Leuconotopicus) Jardinii,7)!fd7z. Rev.deZool. (1845) p. 374 
Picus (Phrenopicus) Jardinii, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus Jardinii, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 103, t. 25. f. 4, 5. 

a. Mexico. From Mr. Mann's Collection. 



1. TBICHOPICUS. 
73. Picus CACTORUM. The Cactus Woodpecker. 

Picus. cactorum, TfOrb. 8f Lafr. Voy. dans TAm. Mer. iv. p. 378, 
t. 62. f. 2 5 Malh. Monogr. 'des Pic. p. 102. t. 25. f. 1, 2. 



51 

Picus (Gecinus) cactorum, Tschudi, Consp. Av. Per. p. 43. 
Picus (Trichopicus) cactorum, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Colaptes cactorum, Rchb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 417. 
Gecinus cactorum, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. i. p. 102. 
Cactocraugus cactorum, Cab. $ H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 72. 

a, b. Bolivia, male and female. From Mr. Brydges's Col- 
lection. 



m. SPHYRAPICUS. 

74. Picus BUBEB. The Ked-breasted Woodpecker. 

Picus ruber, Gmel S. N. i. p. 429: Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 132, 

t.31. 1,2. 

Picus flaviventris, Vieill. Ois. Am. Sept. ii. p. 67. 
Picus niger, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 90. 
Melanerpes ruber, Bp. Geogr. Comp. List, p. 39. 
Pilumnus ruber, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Sphyrapicus ruber, Baird, B. of N. Am. p. 104. 
Cladoscopus ruber, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 82. 

a. British North America. Presented by J. K. Lord, Esq. 

b, c. British Columbia. Presented by J. K. Lord, Esq. 

d. California. From M. Parzudaki's Collection. 

e. Vancouver's Island. Presented by Dr. Lyall, R.N. 
/. St. Juan. Presented by Dr. Lyall, E.N. 

g. Behring's Straits. Presented by Capt. Kellett, R.N., and 

Commander Wood, R.N. 
h. Rio Sacramento. Presented by Capt. Sir E. Belcher, 

R.N. 

75. Picus VABIUS. The Yellow-bellied Woodpecker. 

Picus varius, Linn. 8. N. i. p. 176 ; PI. Enl 785. 

Picus (Dendrocopus) varius, Sw. Fauna B.-A. ii. p. 309. 

Picus atrothorax, Less. Tr. d'Orn. p. 229? 

Picus galbula, Temm. 

Pilumnus varius, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Sphyrapicus varius, Baird, B. of N. Am. p. 103 j Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. p. 157, t. 37. f. 2, 3, 4. 

Sphyropicus varius, Sclat. fy Salv. Ibis (1859), p. 136. 
Cladoscopus varius, Cab. 4* H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 80. 

a, b. Fort Simpson, male and female. Presented by Ber- 
nard R. Ross, Esq. 
c. ? 

F2 



52 SCANSOEES. 

d-g. North America. 

h. Northern Land Expedition. Presented by Sir G. Back, 

RN. 
Var. : 
Picus varius, var. nuchalis, Baird, Rep. Expl. Sf Surv. Mississ. 

Pacif. Railr. Rout. ix. 2B. p. 103. 

Sphyrapicus nuchalis, Baird, B. of N. Am. pp. 103 & 921. 
Sphyropicus nuchalis, Baird, B. of N. Am. pi. 35. f. 1, 2. 
Cladoscojms nuchalis, Cab. fy If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 82. 
Picus varius occidentals, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 34. 

a. "West side of Rocky Mountains. Presented by J. K. 
Lord, Esq. 

76, Picus THYROIDEUS. The Natalia Woodpecker. 

Picus thyroideus, Cass. Prac. Acad. N. S. Philad. (1851) p,439. 
Picus natalise, Malh. Journ. fur Ornith. (1854) p. 171. 
Melanerpes thyroideus, Cass. Illustr. B. Calif. Tex. fye. i. p. 201, 

pi. 32. 

Pilumnus thyroideus, Bp. Ateneo Itcd. (1854) p. 
Centurus nataliae et Colaptes thyroideus, Rckb.Handb. Spec.Orn. 

pp. 411, 416. 

Sphyrapicus thyroideus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 162, t. 37. f. 1. 
Cladoscopus thyroideus, Cab. H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 84. 

Hab. New Mexico ; California. 

3. CAMPEPHILUS. 

Campephilus, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. of B. (1840) p. 54. 
Picus, Wagl. Syst.Av. (1827). 

Dendrocopus, Bp. Consp. List B. Eur. fy Amer. p. 39 (1838). 
Campophilus, Aaass. 

Megapicos, Malh. Mem. Ac. Metz (1849), p. 317. 
Megapicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. (1854) p. 129. 
Megalopipo, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 4 (1866). 
Ipocrantor, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 99 (1863). 
Scapaneus, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 90 (1863). 
Dryotomus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. Nat. (1854) p. 129. 
Phloeoceastes, p., Cab. Journ. Orn. (1862) p. 175. 
Phlceoceastes, Cab. fy H. Journ. Orn. (1862) p. 176 ; Mus. 

Hein. iv. p. 95. 

Campephilus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 
Picus, Sw. Class. Birds, ii. p. 306 (1837). 
Reinwardtipicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 
Xyloleptes, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 108 (1863). 



53 

Venilia, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 128 (1850). 
Blythipicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 
Hemicircus, p., Sw. B. of W. Afr. ii. p. 150 (1837). 
Celeopicos (div. 3), Math. Mem. Ac. Metz (1849), p. 334. 
Celeopicus (div. 3), Malh. Monogr. des Pic. i. p. Ixiv (1859). 
Pyrrhopicus, Bp., Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii (1854). 
Plinthopicus, Bp. 9 Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii (1854). 
Lepocestes, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hem. iv. p. 110 (1863). 

a. CAMPEPKILUS. 

1. CAMPEPHILUS PRINCIPALIS. The White-billed 

Woodpecker. 

Picus principalis, Linn. S. N. i. p. 173 ; PI. Enl. 690. 
Dendrocopus principalis, Bp. Comp. List B. Eur. 8f Am. p. 39. 
Campephilus principalis, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. (1840) p. 54. 
Megapicos principalis, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 318. 
Dryocopus principals, Boie, Isis (1828), p. 326. 
Dryotomus (Megapicus) principalis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Megapicus principalis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 4, 1. 1. f. 4, 5. 
Canipophilus principalis, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 100. 

a. North America, male. Presented by M.-Gen.Hardwicke. 

2. ? CAMPEPHILUS BAIEDII. Baird's White-billed 

Woodpecker. 

Campephilus Bairdii, Cass. Proc. Acad. Phil (1863) p. 322. 
Picus principalis, var., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 5. 

Hob. Cuba. 

3. CAMPEPHILUS IMPERIALIS. The Imperial Woodpecker. 

Picus imperialis, GW^, Proc. Z. S. (1832) p. 140. 
Campephilus imperialis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 
Dryocopus imperialis, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 132. 
Megapicos imperialis, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 318. 
Megapicus imperialis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 2, t. 1. f. 1, 2. 
Dryotomus imperialis, Cass. Illustr. B. Calif. Tex. fyc. pi. 49. 
Dryotomus (Megapicus) imperialis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Campophilus imperialis, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 101. 

a. California, male. From Mr. J. Grould's Collection. 

b. California, male. 

c. California, female. From the Zoological Society's Col- 

lection. 

F3 



54 SCANSORES. 



b. IPOCRANTOK. 

4. CAMPEPHILUS MAGELLANICUS. The Magellanic 
Woodpecker. 

Picus magellanicus, King, Zool. Journ. iii. p. 430 ; Jard. fy Selby, 

III. of Om.pl. 105. 
Picus jubatus, Lafr. Rev. de Zool (1841) p. 242 ; id. (1843) p. 3, 

t.31. 

Campephilus magellanicus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 
Dryocopus magellanicus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dryotomus (Megapicus) magellanicus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) 

p. 

Megapicus magellanicus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 8, t. 2. f. 1, 2. 
Ipocrantor magellanicus, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 99. 

a-c. Straits of Magellan, male and females. Presented by 
the Admiralty. 

c. SCAPANEUS. 

5. CAMPEPHILUS MALHERBII. Malherbe's Woodpecker. 

Campephilus Malherbii, G. R. Gr. 
Picus anais, Less. Descr. Mam. fy Ois. p. 203. 
Dryocopus pollens, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 133. 
Megapicos Malherbii, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1848), p. 319. 
Megapicus Malherbii, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 15, t. 6. f. 1, 2. 
Dryotomus Verreauxi, Bp. Compt. Rend. (1853) p. 85. 
Dryotomus Malherbi, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Scapaneus Malherbei, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 93. 
Picus Malherbei, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 5. 
G. R. Gr. 8f Mitch. Gen. of B. ii. pi. 108. 

a. Mexico ? From Mr. Turner's Collection. 

6, c. Chiriqui, male and young. Presented by Capt. Kellett, 

R.N., and Commander Wood, R.N. 
d. Mexico, young. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 
e,f. Bogota, male and female. From Mr. Leadbeater's 

Collection. 

6. CAMPEPHILUS SCLATERI. Sclater's Woodpecker. 

Megapicus Sclateri, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. pp. 22, 165, t. 8. f. 1, 

$,t.25.f.8, ^. 

Dryocopus albirostris, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1858) p. 460. 
Dryocopus Sclateri, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1860) p. 71. 



55 

Scapaneus Sclateri, Cab. 8f H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 92. 
Picus Sclateri, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 5. 
Hob. Ecuador. 

7. CAMPEPHILUS POLLENS. Tlie Powerful "Woodpecker. 

Picus Grayii, Malh. 

Megapicus Grayii, Malh. Bull. Soc. H. N. Metz (1849), p. 17; id. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 13, t. 5. f. 1, 3, 4. 
Picus frenatus, Natt. MS. 
Picus mesoleucus, Licht. MS. 

Picus pollens, Bp. Atti Sest. Riun. Sci. Ital. (1845) p. 406. 
Drytomus pollens, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dryocopus Grayii, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1855) p. 161. 
Campephilus mesoleucus et C. albifrenatus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. 

Orn. iv. p. 39:}. 

Campephilus Grayii, Sclat. Cat. of Am. B. p. 331. 
Scapaneus pollens, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 94. 

a. New Granada, male. From M. Parzudaki's Collection. 

b. New Granada, male. 

c. New Granada, young. From Mr. Stevens's Collection. 

d. Bogota, young. Presented by M. Malherbe. 

e. New Granada, young. From the Zoological Society's 

Collection. 

8. CAMPEPHILUS MELANOLEUCUS. The White-billed 
Woodpecker. 

Picus melanoleucus, Gm. S. N. i. p. 426. 

Picus albirostris, Vieill. Encyc. Meth. p. 1304. 

Picus comatus, ///. MS. 

Dryocopus albirostris, Boie, Isis (1828), p. 326. 

Megapicos albirostris, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1848), p. 319. 

Megapicus albirostris, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 17, t. 4. f. 1, 3. 

Dryotomtis albirostris, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Campephilus albirostris, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 392. 

Phloeoceastes albirostris, Cab. Journ.fdr Orn. (1862) p. 176. 

Scapaneus melanoleucus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 90. 

a. Cayenne, female. From Mr. Isaacson's Collection. 

b. Trinidad, male. From the Zoological Society's Col- 

lection. 

c. New Granada, female. From Mr. Stevens's Collection. 

d. British Guiana, female (variety). From the Zoological 

Society's Collection. 

e-g. New Granada, males and female. From M. Verreaux's 
Collection. 



56 SCANSOBES. 

d. PHLCEOCEASTES. 
9. CAMPEPHILUS BOBUSTUS. The Robust Woodpecker. 

Picus robustus, 111.^ Licht. Verz. Doubl. p. 10. 
Campephilus robustus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 
Dryocopus robustus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 133. 
Dryocopus precoccineus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 134. 
Megapicus robustus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 23, t. 3. f. 4, 5. 
Campephilus precoccineus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. iv. p. 394. 
Dryotomus (Campephilus) robustus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. . 
Phloeoceastes robustus, Cab. Journ.fur Orn. (1862) p. 176. 

a. Brazil, male. 

b. Brazil, male. Presented by Lord Stuart de Rothsay. 

10. CAMPEPHILUS BUBBICOLLIS. The Red-necked 
Woodpecker. 

Picus nibricollis, Bodd. Tabl. des PL Enl. p. 37 ; PI Enl. 612. 

Campephilus nibricollis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 

Dryocopus nibricollis, Boie, Isis (1828), p. 326. 

Megapicus nibricollis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 25, t. 8. f. 6, 7. 

Dryotomus (Campephilus) robustus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. . 

Phloeoceastes rubricollis, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hem. iv. p. 95. 

Hab. Guiana, Brazil. 

Var. : 

Megapicus trachelopyrus, Malh. Mem. Soc. H. N. Mos. (1857) 

p. 1 ; id. Monogr. des Pic. p. 26, t. 8. f. 2, 3. 
Campephilus trachelopyrus, Sclat. Cat. Am. B. p. 332. 
Phloeoceastes trachelopyrus, Cab. fy If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 98. 
Picus rubricollis, p., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 6. 

a. Bolivia, male. From Mr. Brydges's Collection. 

b. Para, female. Presented by R. Graham, Esq. 

11. CAMPEPHILUS BOIEI. Boie's Woodpecker. 

Picus Boiei, Wagl. Syst. Av. ; Temm. PI. Col. 473. 

Picus leucopogon, Valenc. Diet, des Sc. N. p. 178. 

Picus atriventris, D'Orb. Voy. Am. Mer. t. 63. 1. 

Picus corrientes, Mus. Par. ; Malh. Monogr. des Pic. i. p. 10. 

Picus melanogaster, Natt. 

Picus Boieri, Less. Tr. d'Orn. p. 225. 

Campephilus Boiei, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 

Dryotomus (Campephilus) Boiei, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Dryocopus Boiei, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 134. 

Picus caniventer, D'Orb. 



PICIDJE. 57 

Megapicus Boiei, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 10, t. 3. f. 1, 2. 
Dryocopus atriventris, Burm. Journ.fur Orn. (I860) p. 244. 
Phlceoceastes Boiei, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hem. iv. p. 97. 

a. Bolivia, female. From Mr. Brydges's Collection. 

b. Brazil, male. Presented by E. Wilson, Esq. 

12. CAMPEPHILUS GUATEMALENSIS. The Guatemalan 
Woodpecker. 

Picus regius, Liclit. MS. 

Picus leucorhynchus, Natt. MS. 

Picus guatemalensis, Hartl. Rev. de Zool. (1844) p. 214. 

Picus Lessonii, Less., et P. guayaquilensis, Less. Ech. Monde Sav. 

(1845) pp. 920, 921. 

Campephilus guatemalensis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 
Dryocopus guatemalensis, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 133. 
Dryotomus odoardus, Bp. Compt. Rend, xxxviii. p. 86. 
Dryotomus guatemalensis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dryocopus (Driopicus) regius, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Campephilus regius, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 393. 
Megapicus guatemalensis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 19, t. 7. f. 1, 

2, 3, 4. 

Phlceoceastes guatemalensis, Cab. Journ.fur Orn. (1862) p. 175. 
Scapaneus guatimalensis, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 92. 

a. Honduras, female. From Mr. Dyson's Collection.. 

b. Mexico, female. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

c. d. Caraccas, male and female. From Mr. Cuming's Col- 

lection. 

e. REINWAEDTIPICUS. 
13. CAMPEPHILUS VALIDUS. The Strong-billed Woodpecker. 

Picus validus, Reinw., Temm. PL Col. 378, 402. 
Picus hsemorrhous, Licht. 

Campephilus validus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 
Megapicos validus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849) p. 319. 
Megapicus validus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 28, t. 9. f. 4, 5, 6. 
Hemilophus validus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 131. 
Reinwardtipicus validus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Xylolepes validus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 108. 

a, b. Malacca. Presented by William Harvey, Esq. 

c, d. Borneo. 

e. Sumatra, 

/, g. Malacca. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 



58 SCANSOBES. 



f. VENILIA. 

14. CAMPEPHILUS BUBIGINOSUS. The Rubiginous 
Woodpecker. 

Picus melanogaster, A. Hay, Madr. Journ. (1844) p. 153. 
Picus (Heinicercus) rubiginosus, Sw. B. of W. Afr. ii. p. 150. 
Hemicercus rubiginosus, G. R. Or. Gen. of B. ii. p. 437. 
Hemicercus melanogaster, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. App. iii. p. 21. 
Picus rubiginosus, Eyton, Ann. N. H. (1845) p. 229. 
Gecinus rubiginosus, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1846) p. 52. 
Celeopicos rubiginosus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 335. 
Picus porphyromelas, Boie, Sundev. Consp. Av. p. 47. 
Dendrobates rubiginosus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 126. 
Venilia porphyromelas, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 128. 
Venilia melanogaster, Horsf. fy M. Cat. of B. ii. p. 665. 
Blythipicus rubiginosus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Celeopicus porphyromelas, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 39, t. 49. 

f. 1, 2. 

Scolecotheres rubiginosus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 428. 
Venilia rubiginosa, Jerd. B. of Ind. i. p. 292. 
Lepocestes rubiginosus, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 111. 

a. Malacca. 

b. Malacca. Presented by Major Charlton. 

c. Singapore ? Presented by the Earl of Ellenborough. 

d. e. Malacca. Presented by William Harvey, Esq. 

15. CAMPEPHILUS PYBBHOTIS. The Fiery-eared 
Woodpecker. 

Picus ? pyrrhotis, Hodgs. Journ. A. 8. B. (1837) p. 108. 

Chloropernes pyrrhotis, Hodgs. Gr. Zool. Misc. p. 85. 

Meiglyptes? pyrrhotis, Hodgs. Cat. of B. p. 117. 

Gecinus pyrrhotis, BL Cat. of B. p. 59. 

Picus flavorostris, Horsf. MS. 

Celeopicos pyrrhotis, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 335. 

Blythipicus pyrrhotis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Meiglyptes (Micropternus) pyrrhotis, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. 

p. 

Venilia pyrrhotis, Horsf. fy M. Cat. of B. ii. p. 666. 
Celeopicus pyrrhotis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 37, t. 49. f. 4, 5. 
Lepocestes pyrrhotis, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 110. 

a-f. Nepal. Presented by Brian H. Hodgson, Esq. 



59 

4. DEYOCOPUS. 

Picus, L. (1735). 

Dryocopus, Boie, Isis (1826), p. 977. 

Dryotomus, Sw. Faun. Bor.-Amer. p. 304 (1831). 

Carbonarius, Kaup, Naturl. Syst. p. 131 (1829). 

Dryopicos (div. 1), Math. Mem. Ac. Metz (1849), p. 320. 

Dryopicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 

Hylatomus, Baird (1858). 

Drocopus, p., Boie, Isis (1826), p. 326. 

Dryocopus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 

Hylotomufl, Sclat. (1862). 

Phlceotomus, Cab. $ H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 102 (1863). 

Cniparchus, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 98 (1863). 

Ceophlceus, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 85 (1863). 

a. DEYOCOPUS. 

1. DBYOCOPUS MARTIUS. The Great Black Woodpecker. 

Picus martius, Linn. S. N. i. p. 173 ; PL Enl 596. 

Dryocopus martins, Boie, Isis (1826), p. 977. 

Carbonarius martins, Kaup, Nat. Syst. p. 131. 

Picus (Dryotomus) martius, Sw. Fauna B.- Am. p. 301. 

Dryopicos martius, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 322. 

Dryopicus (Dryotomus) martius, Malh, Monogr. des Pic. p. 31, 

1. 10. f. 5, 6, 7. 
Dendrocopus martius, pinetorum, alpinus et niger, Brehm. 

a, b. Great Britain. From Mr. Baker's Collection. 

c. Russia. 

d. Europe. 

b. HYLATOMUS. 

2. DRYOCOPUS PILEATUS. The Pileated Woodpecker. 

Picus pileatus, Linn. S. N. i. p. 173 ; PI. Enl. 718. 
Picus (Dryotomus) pileatus, Sw. Fauna B.-Am. p. 304. 
Dryocopus pileatus, Boie, Isis (1828), p. 326. 
Dryopicus pileatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 34, 1. 11. f. 5, 6. 
Campephilus pileatns, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 391. 
Hylatomus pileatus, Baird, B. of N. Am. p. 107. 
Dryotomus (Driopicus) pileatus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Hylotomus pileatus, Sclat. Cat. of Am. B. p. 332. 
Phlceotomus pileatus, Cab. * H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 102. 



60 SCANSORES. 

i 

a -c. West side of Rocky Mountains, male, female, and 

young. Presented by J. K. Lord, Esq. 
d, e. North America. From Mr. Audubon's Collection. 
/. North America. 
g. North America. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

c. CNIPARCHUS. 

3. DRYOCOPTJS HJEMATOGASTER. The Red-bellied 
Woodpecker. 

Picus haematogaster, Tschudi, Consp. Av. Per. p. 42. 
Dryocopus hsematogaster, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 
Megapicus hsematogaster, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1852) p. 552 ; id. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 27, t. 9. f. 1, 2, 3. 

Campephilus hsernatogaster, JReichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 395. 
Dryotomus hgematogaster, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Cniparchus hsematogaster, Cab. 8f H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 98. 

a. Columbia. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

d. CEOPHLCEUS. 

4. DRYOCOPUS LINEATUS. The Lineated Woodpecker. 

Picus lineatus, Linn. S. N. i. p. 174; PL Enl. 717. 

Dryocopus lineatus, Boie, Isis (1826), p. 326. 

Dryopicus lineatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 39, t.12. f. 4, 6, 5, 7. 

Dryotomus lineatus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 308. 

Campephilus lineatus et C. leucopterylus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. 

Orn. pp. 391 & 339. 

Megapicus lineatus, Hartl. Journ.fur Orn. (1857) p. 42. 
Ceophloeus lineatus, Cab. Journ.fur Orn. (1862) p. 176. 

a, b. South America. 

c. Brazil. Presented by Lord Stuart de Rothsay. 

d. Brazil. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 

e. Trinidad. From the Zoological Society's Collection. 
/. ?, male (young). From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

5. DBYOCOPUS MESOBHYNCHUS. The Costa-Rican 
Woodpecker. 

Dryocopus scapularis, Sclat. fy Salv. Ibis (1859), p. 135. 
Ceophlceus scapularis, Cab. Journ.fur Orn. (1862) p. 176. 
Dryocopus mesorhynchus, Cab. fy H. 
Ceophloeus mesorhynchus, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 86. 
Picus lineatus, var., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 8. 

Hob. Caraccas, Costa Rica. 



PICIDJE. 61 

6. DRYOCOPUS SCAPULARIS. The White-shouldered 
Woodpecker. 

Picus scapularis, Vig. Zool. Joiirn. iv. p. 354. 

Picus leucoramphus, Licht. 

Picus similis, Less. Descr. Mam. et Ois. p. 204. 

Dryocopus scapularis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 

Dryotomus Delattrii, Bp. Compt. Rend. (1853) p. 656. 

Dryopicus scapularis, Bp. Not. Orn. Coll. Delator, p. 85; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 44, t. 10. f. 1, 2, 3. 
Campephilus leucoramphus et scapularis, Reichb. Handb. Spec. 

Orn. p. 393. 

Dryotomus (Driopicus) scapularis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Ceophlceus scapularis, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 85. 

a. Mexico. Presented by J. Murray, Esq. 

b, c. Mexico, male and female. From M. Yerreaux's Col- 

lection. 



7. DRYOCOPUS FUSCIPENNIS. The Brown- winged 
Woodpecker. 

Dryocopus fuscipennis, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1860) p. 16. 
Dryopicus fuscipennis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. pp. 165 & 186, 

t. 61. f. 8. 

Ceophloeus fuscipennis, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 87. 
Picus fuscipennis, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 8. 

Hab. Ecuador. 



8. DRYOCOPUS ERYTHROPS. The Red-faced Woodpecker. 

Picus erythrops, Cuv., Valenc. Diet. Sc. N. xl. p. 178 ; Des Murs f 

Iconogr. Orn. t. 27. 

Dryocopus erythrops, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 
Picus lineatus, Max. Bcitr. iv. p. 389. 
Picus sernitorquatus, Licht. 
Picus melanotis, Natt., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 8. 
Dryopicos (Dryotomus) eryikroips, Malh. Mem. Acad.Metz (1849), 

p. 322. 

Dryopicus erythrops, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 42, t. 12. f. 1, 2. 
Campephilus erythrops, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 394. 
Dryocopus (Driopicus) erythrops, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Ceophloeus erythrops, Cab. Journ.fiir Orn. (1862) p. 176. 

a. Brazil, female. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

b. New Granada, female. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

G 



62 SCANSORES. 

9. DRYOCOPUS GALEATUS. The Helmeted Woodpecker. 

Picus galeatus, Natt., Temm. PL Col. 171. 

Dryocopus galeatus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 

Dryopicos (Dryotomus) galeatus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), 

p. 322. 

Dryopicus galeatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 38, 1. 11. f. 1, 2, 3. 
Campephilus galeatus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 394. 
Dryotomus (Driopicus) galeatus, JBp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Ceophloeus galeatus, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 89. 

a. Brazil. Presented by E. Wilson, Esq. 

b. Brazil. 

c. d. Brazil. From the Zoological Society's Collection. 

5. CHRYSOCOLAPTES. 

Chrysocolaptes, Bl. Journ. As. S. Beng. (1843) p. 1004. 

Brachypternus, p., Strickl. (1841). 

Indopicus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 342. 

1. CHRYSOCOLAPTES SULTANEUS. The Royal Indian 
Woodpecker. 

Picus sultaneus, Hodgs. Journ. A. S. B. (1837) p. 105. 
Picus strictus, Jerd. Madr. Journ. ii. p. 210. 
Picus strenuus, (Gould) McClell. Proc. Z. S. (1839) p. 165. 
Picus orientalis, Horsf. 

Picus guttacristatus, Tick. Journ. A. 8. B. (1833) p. 578. 
Chrysocolaptes sultaneus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 
Chrysocolaptes strictus, p., Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1843) p. 1004. 
Indopicus sidtaneus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 343 ; id 
Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 77, t. 64. f. 1, 2. 

a-g. Nepal, males and females. Presented by Brian H. 

Hodgson, Esq. 
h, i. Pegu, male and female. Presented by W. T. Blanford, 

Esq. 

j. Gangoutri. 
k. Himalaya Mountains, Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 

2. ? CHRYSOCOLAPTES DELESSERTI. Delessert's Woodpecker. 

Indopicus Delesserti, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 343 ; 

id. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 79, t. 64. f. 4, 5. 
Chrysocolaptes Delesserti, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Picus Delesserti, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 79. 

a. India, male. 



PICIDJE. 63 

3. CHBYSOCOLAPTES STBICTUS. The Strict Woodpecker. 

Picus strictus, Horsf. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 176. 
Chrysocolaptes strictus, 1. Journ. A. S. B. (1843) p. 1004. 
Indopicus strictus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 343 j id. 

Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 80, t. 65. f. 1, 2, 3. 
Picus peralaimus, p., Waff I. Syst. Av. 
Chrysocolaptes Baccha, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 399. 

a. Java, male. Presented by the Hon. East-India Company. 

4. CHBYSOCOLAPTES PHILIPPINABUM. The Philippine 

Woodpecker. 

Picus aurantius, Bodd. Tall, des PL Enl fyc. p. 43 j PI. Enl 691. 
Picus bengalensis, var. y, Gmel. S. N. p. 433. 
Picus philippinarum, Lath. Ind. Orn. p. 236. 
Picus palalaca, Cuv., Wagl Syst. Av. 
Picus squamosus, Less. Tr. a" Orn. p. 230. 
Brachypternus philippinarum, Strickl Proc. Z. S. (1841) p. 31. 
Chrysocolaptes philippinarum, G. JR. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 
Chrysocolaptes aurantius, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 21. 
Chrysocolaptes palalaca, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 121. 
Indopicus philippinarum, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 85, t. 66. 
f.3,4. 

Hab. Philippine Islands. 

5. CHBYSOCOLAPTES H^EMATBIBON. The Red-cloaked 

Woodpecker. 

Picus hfematribon, Waol Syst. Av. 
Picus philippinarum, Less. Tr. tfOrn. p. 222. 
Picus spilolophus, Vigors, Proc. Z. S. (1832) p. 98. 
Brachylophus hsematribon, Sw. 

Brachypternus hsematiibon, Strickl. Proc. Z. S. (1841) p. 31. 
Chrysocolaptes hrematribon, Bl Journ. A. S. B. (1843) p. 1004. 
Indopicus hrematribon, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 84, t. 68. 
f. 1, 2, 3. 

a-d. Philippine Islands, males and females. From Mr. 
Cuming's Collection. 

6. CHBYSOCOLAPTES FESTIVUS. The Goa Woodpecker. 

Picus festivus, Bodd. Tabl des PL Enl. $c. p. 43 ; PL Enl. 696. 
Picus goensis, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 434. 
Picus humeralis, Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Dendrocopus Elliotti, Jerd. Madr. Journ. (1840) p. 212. 

G 2 ' 



64 SCANSOBES. 

Picus (Chrysocolaptes) melanotis, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1843) 

p. 1005. 

Chrysocolaptes goensis, G. _R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 436. 
Chrysocolaptes festivus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 21. 
Brachypternus goensis, StricM. Proc. Z. S. (1841) p. 31. 
Indopicus goensis, Malli. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 343 ; id. 

Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 82, t. 66. f. 1, 2. 

a-e. Behar, males and female. Presented by Brian H. 

Hodgson, Esq. 
/, g. India, male and female. Presented "by Dr. Burns. 



6. DENDKOPICUS. 

Deribrobates, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 306 (1837 nee 1831), 
Dendropicos, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 338. 
Dendropicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 
Ipoctonus, Hein. Cab. Journ. fur Orn. (I860) p. 191. 
Mesopicos, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 341. 
Mesopicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 
Scolecotheres, Reich. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 428 (1854). 
Camponomus, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 137 (1863). 
Ipophilus, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 113. 
Thripias, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 121 (1863). 

a. DENDEOPICUS. 

1. DENDROPICUS CARDINALIS. The Gold-shafted 
Woodpecker. 

Picus guineensis, Scop. Del. Fl. et Faun. Insubr. iii. p. 89. 

Picus cardinalis, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 438. 

Picus fulviscapus, ///. Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Picus fuscescens, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 86. 

Picus chrysopterus, Cuv., Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Picus capensis, Forst. Descr. Anim. p. 43. 

Colaptes ? capensis, Steph. Gen. Zool. xiv. 1. p. 171. 

Picus (Dendrobates) fulviscapus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 306. 

Chrysocolaptes cardinalis, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 122. 

Dendropicus fuscescens et D. cardinalis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) 

P- 

Dendrobates fuscescens, StriM.fySclat.Contr. Orn. (1852) p. 155. 
Campethera fulviscapa, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 424. 
Dendropicus fulviscapus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 196, t. xlii. & 

xliii*. f. 1, 2, 3. 
Ipoctonus cardinalis, Cab. Sf H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 119. 



PICIDJE. 65 

a. Cape of Good Hope, male. Presented by F. Campbell, 

Esq. 

b. South Africa, male. Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 

c. South Africa, female. 

2. DENDROPICUS HEMPBICHII. Hemprich's Woodpecker. 

Picus Hemprichii, Hempr. fy Ehrerib. Symb. Phys. dec. i. fol. v. 

p. 2. 

Dendrobates Hemprichii, Riipp. Vog. N. O. Afr. p. 88, t. 35. 
Picus abyssinicus, Hempr. fy Ehrenb. 
Picus fuscescens, Riipp. 
Picus arkikanus, Hemp, fy Ehrenb. 
Dendrobates abyssinicus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 437. 
Dendropicus abyssinicus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 124. 
Dendropicus Hemprichi, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 124; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. p. 199, t. xliii. f. 5, 6. 

Picus flaviscapus, Temm., Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 200. 
Campethera Hemprichii et C. abyssinica, Reichb. Handb. Spec. 

Orn. p. 424. 
Ipoctonus Hemprichi, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hem. iv. p. 114. 

a, b. Abyssinia, male and female. From the Frankfort 
Museum. 

3. DENDROPICUS HARTLAUBII. Hartlaub's African 
Woodpecker. 

Dendropicos Hartlaubii, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 532. 
Dendrobates Hartlaubii, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 124. 
Dendrobates Hemprichi, Bp. 
Dendropicus Hartlaubi, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. ; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 201, t. 44. f. 1, 2. 

Campethera Hartlaubii, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 426. 
Dendropicus zanzabari, Malh. 

Ipoctonus Hartlaubi, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 115. 
Picus Hartlaubi, Stmdev. Consp. Pie. p. 43. 

aj b. Shupanga. 

4. DENDROPICUS DEsMuRSii. DesMurs's Woodpecker. 

Picus abyssinicus, StanL Salt's Voy. Abyss, ii. App. p. 361. 
Mesopicos Desmursi, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 537. 
Chloronerpes Desmursi, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 118. 
Capnopicus Mursii, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chloronerpes (Erythronerpes) Desmursii, Reichb. Handb. Spec. 
Orn. p. 337. 

G3 



66 SCANSORES. 

Meropicus Desmursii, Malh. Re : chl). Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 356. 
Dendropicus Desmursi, Malh. Monogr. desPic. p. 202, t.42. f.5,6. 
Dendromus abyssinicus, Heugl. Sys't. Uebers, p. 47. 
Ipoctonus abyssinicus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. p. 116. 

Hob. North-east Africa. 

5. DEXDROPICUS LEPIDUS. The Charming Woodpecker. 

Picus lepidus, Cab. $ H. 

Ipoctonus lepidus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 118. 

Hob. Abyssinia. 

6. DENDROPICUS LAFRESNAYI. Lafresnay's Woodpecker. 

Dendropicos Lafresnayi, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 533. 

Dendrobates Lafresnayi, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 125. 

Dendropicus Lafresnayi, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. ; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 204, t. 44. f. 4. 

Campethera Lafresnayi, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 426. 
Ipoctonus Lafresnayi, Cab. Sf If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 116. 
Picus Lafresnayi, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 43. 

Hab. Senegal, Gaboon. 

7. DENDROPICUS AFRICANUS. The African Woodpecker. 

Picus africanus, Gr. Zool. Misc. i. p. 18. 
Dendrobates africanus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 437. 
Dendropicus (Mesopicus) africanus, Hartl. Syst. Orn. West Afr. 

p. 180. 
Dendropicus africanus, Malh. Monogr. dies Pw?. p. 205; Cass.Journ. 

Ac. Phil (1863) p. 322. 
Ipoctonus africanus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 117. 

Hab. Sierra Leone. 

8. DENDROPICUS MINUTUS. The Small African Woodpecker. 

Picus minutus, Temm. PI. Col. 197. f. 2. 
Asthenurus minutus, Less. Compl. Buff. ix. p. 302. 
Dendropicos minutus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 339. 
Dendrobates minutus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 125. 
Campethera minuta, ReicJib. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 425. 
Dendropicus minutus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. j Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 208, t. 45. f. 4, 5. 
Ipoctonus minutus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 112. 

Hab. West Africa. 



PICIDJE. 67 

b. SCOLECOTHERES. 

9. DENDROPICUS MENSTRUUS. The Cape Woodpecker. 

Picus menstruus, Scol. Del. Fl. et Faun. Insubr. ii. p. 89. 

Picus griseocephalus, Bodd. Tabl. des PI. Enl. p. 49. 

Picus capensis, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 430 ; PI Enl. 786. f. 2. 

Picus manillensis, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 434. 

Picus caniceps, Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Picus obscurus, Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Dendrobates griseocephalus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 437. 

Dendrobates capensis, Sw. B. of W. Afr. ii. p. 154. 

Mesopicus capensis, lip. Ateneo Ital. 1854, p. ; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. ii. p. 42, t. 62. f. 7, 8. 

Chrysocolaptes menstruus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 21. 
Scolecotheres capensis, Reichb. 
Scolecotheres menstruus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 134. 

a-c. Cape of Good Hope, males and female. 

d. Cape of Good Hope, female. Presented by M.-Gen. 

Hardwicke. 

e. Cape of Good Hope. From the South African Museum. 
/. South Africa. Presented by the Hon. East-India Com- 
pany. 

10. DENDROPICUS IMMACULATUS. The Unspotted Woodpecker. 

Dendrobates immaculatus, Sw. B. of W. Afr. ii. p. 152. 
Mesopicus goertan, J , Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Scolecotheres immaculatus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 428. 
Dendropicus (Mesopicus) immaculatus, Hartl. Syst. Orn. West 

Afr. p. 180. 

Mesopicus immaculatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 47. 
? Scolecotheres immaculatus, Cab. fy II. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 135. 
Picus menstruus, p. ?, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 45. 
Mesopicus griseocephalus (juv. $ ), Cass. Journ. Ac. Phil. (1863) 

p. 324. 

Hab. West Africa. 

11. DENDROPICUSGOERTJE. The Crimson-rumped Woodpecker. 

Picus goertse, Mull. Syst. Nat. Suppl. p. 91. 
Picus goertan, Gmel S. N. i. p. 434 ; PI. Enl. 320. 
Picus poliocephalus, Cuv., Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Dendrobates poicephalus, Sw. B. of W. Afr. ii. p. 154. 
Dendrobates poliocephalus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 437. 



SCANSOEES. 



Mesopicos goertan, M alh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 340. 
Dendrobates goertans, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 437. 
Gecinus goertan, Bl. Cat. of B. p. 57. 
Scolecotheres goertan, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 428. 
Mesopicus goertan, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. ; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. ii. p. 45, t. 63. f. 1, 2. 
Dendropicus (Mesopicus) goertan, Hartl. Syst. Orn. W. Afr. 

p. 179. 
Dendropicus (Mesopicus) poliocephalus, Hartl. Syst. Orn. W. 

Afr. p. 179. 

Dendrobates poicephalus, Sw. B. of W. Afr. ii. p. 154. 
Mesopicos goertan (le vieux), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849). 

p. 341. 

Dendrobates poliocephalus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 125. 
Dendropicus (Mesopicus) poliocephalus, Hartl. Syst. Orn. West 

Afr. p. 179. 

Mesopicus goertan, $ , Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Scolecotheres poliocephalus, Reichb. 
Mesopicus poicephalus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 48. 

, b. Gambia, male and female. 

12. DENDROPICTJS SPODOCEPHALTJS. The Dross-headed 
Woodpecker. 

Dendrobates poicephalus, Rupp. Vog. N. O. Afr. p. 86, t. 34. 
Mesopicos goertan, p., Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 341. 
Dendrobates spodocephalus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 125. 
Mesopicus spodocephalus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 5 Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 49, t. 63. f. 4, 5. 
Scolecotheres spodocephalus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. iv. 

p. 137. 
Picus goertans, var. a, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 45. 

Hob. Abyssinia. 

c. CAMPONOMUS. 

13. DENDROPICUS PYBRHOG ASTER. The Crimson-bellied 
Woodpecker. 

Chloropicus pyrrhogaster, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1845) p. 399. 
Dendrobates pyrrhogaster, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 21. 
Mesopicus pyrrhogaster, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. ; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 41, t. 58. f. 9, 10. 
Dsndropicus (Mesopicus) pyrrhogaster, Hartl. Syst. Orn. West 

Afr. p. 180. 



69 



Scolecotheres pyrrhogaster, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 428. 
Cainponomus pyrrhogaster, Cab. $ II. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 137. 
Picus pyrrhogaster, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 45. 

a. Ashanti. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 



d. IPOPHILUS. 

14. DENDROPICUS OBSOLETUS. The Obsolete Woodpecker. 

Picus obsoletus, Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 510. 

Dendromus obsoletus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Dendropicus obsoletus, Hartl. St/st. Orn. W. Afr. p. 178; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 205, t. 45.' f. 1, 2. 
Ipophilus obsoletus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 113. 

a, b. Gambia, male and female. 

15. DENDBOPICUS MURINUS. Hedenborge's Woodpecker. 

Picus murinus, Sundev. (Efvers. Kongl. Vetensk. Akad. Forhandl. 

(1850) p. 131. 

Picus Hedenborgii, Sundev., Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 205. 
Dendropicus obsoletus, p., Malh. 
Ipophilus murinus, Cab. <^ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 113. 

Hob. Kordofan, Sennaar. 

e. TSRIPIAS. 

16. DENDROPICUS NAMAQUUS. The Bearded Woodpecker. 

Picus biarmicus, Cuv., Valenc. Diet. Sc. N. xl. p. 176. 

Picus namaquus, Licht. Cat. Hamb. p. 17. 

Picus mystaceus, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 73. 

Picus punctatus, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 89. 

Picus diophrys, Steph. Gen. Zool. xiv. 1. p. 161. 

Dendrobates namaquus, G. E. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 437. 

Dendropicus mystaceus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 339. 

Dendropicus namaquus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854), p. 

Campethera namaqua et punctata, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. 

p. 422. 
Dendropicus biarmicus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 193, t. xlii. 

Thripias namaquus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 121. 

a, b. Tette, male and female. Presented by Earl Russell. 
c. South Africa, 



70 SCANSOBES. 

17. DENDBOPICUS SCHOENSIS. The Slioa Woodpecker. 
Picus (Dendrobates) schoensis, Rilpp. Mus. Senchenberg. iii. 

p. 124. 

Dendrobates schoensis, Hupp. Vog. N. O. Afr. p. 88, t. 33. 
Dendropicos schoensis, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 339. 
Campethera schoensis, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 422. 
Dendropicus schoensis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 195 ; t. xlii. f. 8. 
Thripias schoensis, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 121. 

Hob. South Abyssinia. 

7. HEMICIRCUS. 

Picus (Hemicircus), Su>. Classif. ofB. ii. p. 306 (1837). 
Hemicercus, StricH. Ann. fy Mag.' Nat. Hist. (1841) p. 35. 
Micropicos, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 330. 
Micropicus, Bp. Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii. (1854). 

1. HEMICIBCTJS SOBDIDTJS. The Squalid Woodpecker. 

Pendrocopus sordidus, Eyton, Ann. fy Mag. Nat. Hist. (1845) 

p. 229. 

Hemicircus coccometopus, Reichenb. Spec. Orn. p. 401. 
Hemicircus concretus, p., Horsf. fy M. Cat. ofB. ii. p. 650. 
Hemicircus sordidus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 177. 
Picus sordidus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 10. 

, b. Malacca. Presented by Major Charlton. 

2. HEMICIBCUS CONCBETUS. The Bornean Squalid 
Woodpecker. 

Picus concretus, Reinw. Temm. PI. Col. 90. f. 1. 
Picus (Hemicircus) concretus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 306. 
Hemicercus concretus, G. R. Or. List of Gen. (1840) p. 54. 
Micropicos concretus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 331. 
Micropicus concretus. Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 187. t. 41. 

1,2,8. 

Picus sordidus, p., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 11. 
a, b. Borneo. 

3. HEMICIBCUS HABTLAUBII. Hartlaub's Woodpecker. 

Micropicus Hartlaubii. Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 189, t. 41. 

f. 5, 6. 

Hemicircus concretus, p., Horsf. fy M. Cat. of B. ii. p. 650. 
Hemicircus sordidus, p., Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 177. 
Picus sordidus, p., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 10. 



71 

a, b. Malacca, male and female. Presented by Wm. Har- 
vey, Esq. 

c. Malacca, male. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

d, e. Borneo, male and female (variety). 

f. Malacca ? Presented by the Secretary of State for India. 

g. Malacca? 

h. Indian archipelago, male. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

4. HEMICIRCUS CANENTE. The Ornament-headed 
Woodpecker. 

Picus canente, Less. Cent, de Zool. t. 73. 

Hemicercus canente, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 437. 

Hemicercus caneus !, Up. Camp. Av. i. p. 129.^ 

Micropicus canente, J , Malli. Monogr. des Pic. i. p. 190, t. 42. f. 2. 

Hemicercus canente, p., Jerd. B. of Ind. i. p. 280. 

Picus canente, var. orientalis, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 11. 

a. Bassein Pegu. Presented by W. T. Blandford, Esq. 

b. Tenasserim. Presented by the Secretary of State for 

India. 

c. Tenasserim. Presented by J. D. C. Packman, Esq. 

5. HEMICIRCUS CORDATUS. The Heart-spotted Woodpecker. 

Picus cordatus, Jerd. Madr. Journ. (1840) p. 21 1; id. III. Ind. 

Orn. pi. 40. 

Hemicercus cordatus, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 437. 
Micropicus canente, <^, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. i. p. 190, t. 42. 

f. 1, 3. 

Hemicercus canente, Jerd. B. of Ind. i. p. 280. 
Picus canente, p., Sundev., Consp. Pic. p. 11. 
Picus canente, var. occidentalis, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 11. 

a. India, male. Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 
6, c. India, females. 

d. Malacca, male. Presented by the Secretary of State for 

India. 

6. HEMICIRCUS JUGULARIS. The Tenasserim Woodpecker. 

Merglyptes jugularis, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1845) p. 195. 
Phaiopicus jugularis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 11. 

a. Tenasserim. Presented by the Secretary of State for 
India. 



72 SCANSORES. 



iv. GECININJE. 

1. GECINUS. 

Gecinus, Boie, Isis (1831), p. 542. 

Malacolophus (Brachylophus), Sw. Classif. of B. ii.p. 308. 

Picus, Briss. (1760). 

Colaptes, Brehm, Isis (1828), p. 1274. 

Chloropicus (1845), Malh. 

Chloropicos (div. 2), Malh. Mem, Acad. Metz (1849), p. 351. 

Picus (Epichthonii), Glog. (1841). 

Chrysophlegma, Gould, B. of Asia (1849). 

Chloropicos (div. 1), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849) p. 350. 

Calopicus, Up., Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii. 

Venilia (div. 1), Bp. Consp. Av. p. 128 (1850). 

Brachylophus, p., Sw. 

a. GECINUS. 
1. GECINUS VIRIDIS. The Green Woodpecker. 

Picus viridis, Linn. S. N. i. p. 175; PL EnL 879, 371. 
Gecinus viridis, Boie, Isis (1831), p. 542. 

Malacolophus (Brachylophus ) viridis, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 308. 
Chloropicos viridis, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 351. 
Colaptes pinetorum, frondium, virescens et viridis, Brehm, Isis 

(1828), p. 1274. 
Gecinus pinetorum, frondium, virescens et viridis, Brehm, Vog. 

Deuts. pp. 197, 199. 
Chloropicus viridis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 118, t. 79. f. 1. 

2,3,4. 

a. Devonshire, female. From Col. Montagu's Collection. 

b. Kent, male. 

c. Great Britain, male. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

d f e. Cambridgeshire, male and female. From Mr. Baker's 
Collection. 

2. GECINUS AWOKEBA. The Japan Green Woodpecker. 

Picus awokera, Temm. PL Col. 585 (P. kizuki) j Temm. 8f Schl 

Fauna Jap. t. 36. 

Gecinus awokera, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 438. 
Chloropicos awokera, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 351. 
Chloropicus awokera, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 128, t. 80. 

f. 1, 2. 



PICID2E. 73 

a, Japan. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection., 

b, c. Japan, male and female. From Mr. Whitely's Col-* 

lection. 

8. GECINUS VAILLANTII. Vaillant's Woodpecker. 

Chloropicos Vaillantii, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1847), p. 130. 
Picus algirus, Levaill. ExpL de VAlg. Ois. t. 8. 
Gecinus algirus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. Hi. App. p. 21. 
Gecinus Vaillanti, Bp. Consp. Au. i. p. 126. 
Chloropicus Vaillantii, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 122, t. 82. 
f. 1, 2, 3. 

a. North Africa, male. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

b. North Africa. From M. Parzudaki's Collection. 

4. GECINUS OCCIPITALIS. The Occipital Woodpecker. 

Picus occipitalis. Vigors. Proc. Z. S. (1831) p. 8 : Gould. Cent. 

o/^.pl.47. 

Picus barbatus, Gr. Illmtr. 2nd. Zool. pi. 31. f. 2. 
Picus caniceps, Vigors. 
Malacoloplms (Brachylophus) occipitalis, Siv. Classif. of B. ii. 

p. 308. 

Gecinus occipitalis, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 438. 
Chloropicos occipitalis, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 351. 
Chloropicus occipitalis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 129, t. 78. 

f. 4, 5. 

a. Nepal, males and females. Presented by Brian H. 

Hodgson, Esq. 

b. Gangoutri. 

5. GECINUS TANCOLA. The Formosan Green Woodpecker. 

Gecinus tancola, Gould, Proc. Z. S. (1862) p. 283 ; id. B. of 

Asia, pi. 
Picus tancola, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 61. 

a, b. Island of Formosa, male and female. From Mr. 
Swinhoe's Collection. 

6. GECINUS GUERINI. Guerin's Woodpecker. 

Chloropicos Guerini, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 539. 
Gecinus Guerini, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 127. 

Chloropicus Guerini, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 127, t. 80. f. 4, 5. 
Picus Guerini, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 61. 

a. North China, male. From Mr. Fortune's Collection. 

b. Nanking, female. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

H 



74 SCANSORES. 

7. GECINUS CANUS. The Grey-headed Woodpecker. 

Picus viridis, Scop. Ann. 1. H. N. descr. Av. p. 47. 

Picus norvegicus, Nozem. Nederl. Vog. iv. p. 389. pi. 198. 

Picus viridicanus, Meyer fy Wolf, Tasch. i. p. 120. 

Picus caniceps, Nils. Orn. Suec. i. p. 105. 

Picus canus, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 434. 

Picus chlorio, Pall. Zoogr. i. p. 408. 

Gecinus canus, Boie, Isis (1831), p. 542. 

Malacolophus (Brachylophus) canus, Sw. Classif. ofB.ii. p. 308. 

Colaptes canus, yiridicanus et caniceps, Hrehnij Isis (1828), 

p. 1274. 
Gecinus canus, viridicanus et caniceps, JBrehm, Vog. Deuts. 

p. 199. 
Chloropicus canus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 124, t. 81. 

f. 1, 2. 

a, b. Europe. 

c, d. Europe, male and female. From M. Verreaux's Col- 
lection. 

8. GECINUS KABELINI. Karelin's Woodpecker. 

Picus Karelini, Brandt, Bull. Petersb. x. p. 12. 
Gecinus Karelini, G. It. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 438. 
Cliloropicus Karelini, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 126. 

Hab. Persia. 

b. CHEYSOPSLEGMA. 

9. GECINUS FLAVINUCHA. The Yellow-naped Woodpecker. 

Picus flavinucha, Gould, Proc. Z. S. (18&3) p. 120. 
Dryotomus flavigula, Hodgs. Journ. A. S.B. (1837) p. 100. 
Gecinus flavinucha, G.R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 438, pi. 109. 
Chloropicos flavinucha, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 350. 
Chloropicus flavinucha, Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 106, t. 73. f. 1, 

2,3. 

Chrysophlegma flavinucha, Gould, B. of Asia, pi. 
Calopicus flavinucha, Bp., Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii. 

a-f. Nepal, male and female. Presented by Brian H. Hodg- 
son, Esq. 

10. GECINUS CHLOROLOPHUS. The Yellow-crested 
Woodpecker. 

Picus chlorolophus, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 78. 



75 

Picus nipalensis, Gr. III. Ind. ZooL pi. 31. f. 1. 
Picus chloropus, Drap. Diet. Class. cTH. N. xiii. p. 500. 
Picus chlorolophos, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Brachylophus seriocollis, Hodgs., Gr. Zool. Misc. p. 85. 
Gecinus nipalensis, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1843) p. 1003. 
Gecinus xanthoderus, Hodgs. Cat. of Ncp. B. p. 116. 
Gecinus chloropus, Bl. Cat. ofB. p. 58. 

Chloropicos chlorolophus, Malh. Mem. Acad.Metz (1849), p. 350. 
Chrysophlegma nepalensis, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 128. 
Chrysophlegma chlorolophus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 128. 
Chrysophlegma chlorolophum, Reichb. Syn. p. 357. 
Chloropicus chlorolophus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 108. t. 74. 
f. 1, 2. 

a-i. Nepal, males and females. Presented by Brian H. 

Hodgson, Esq. 
j. Nepal. Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 

11. GECINUS XANTHODEBUS. The Yellow-necked 
Woodpecker. 

Chloropicos xanthoderus, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1845) p. 402. 
Picus mentalis, Jerd. Madr. Journ. (1845) p. 214. 
Picus chlorigaster, Jerd. Madr. Journ. (1845) p. 138. 
Gecinus chlorigaster, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1846) j). 16. 
Gecinus chlorophaus, (F.) G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. lii. App. p. 21. 
Chloropicus xanthoderus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 114, t. 

75.11,2. 

Gecinus chlorophanes (!), Bl. Cat. of B. p. 59. 
Gecinus chlorolophus, p. ?, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 128. 
Chrysophlegma xanthoderus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Venilia chlorophanes (!), Reichb. Syn. p. 359. 

a-b. Madras. Presented by H. H. Baber, Esq. 

c. Ceylon, variety. From Mr. Cumiiig's Collection. 

d, e. India. 



12. GECIXUS MINIATUS. The Red Woodpecker. 

Picus miniatus, Forst. Ind. ZooL pi. 4. 
Picus malaccensis, Lath. Ind. Orn. i. p. 241. 
Chrysonotus miniatus, Eyton, Proc. Z. S. (1839) p. 106. 
Malacolophus (Brachylophus) miniatus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. 

p. 308. 

Gecinus miniatus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 439. 
Gecinus malaccensis, Bl. Journ. A, S. B. (1846) p. 192. 

H 2 



76 SCANSOKES. 

Chloropicos miniatus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 350. 
Venilia (Brachylophus) miniatus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 128. 
Chloropicus miniatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 116, t. 76. 
f.1,2. 

a. Tenasserim. Presented by J. D. C. Packman, Esq. 

b. Borneo. 

e, d. Malacca. Presented by W. Harvey, Esq. 
e. Java. Presented by J. Inskipp, Esq. 
/. Indian archipelago. Presented by J . Gould, Esq. 
g. India. 
X. Indian archipelago. Presented by J. Nightingale, Esq. 

13. GECINUS VITTATTJS. The Half-spotted Woodpecker. 

Picus vittatus, Vieill N. Diet. d>H. N. xxvi. p. 91. 

Picus affinis, p., (Raffl.) Vig. Mem. Rqffl. App. p. 668. 

Picus bengalensis, Horsf. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 176. 

Picus dimidiatus, Temm. PL Col. text. 

Gecinus dimidiatus, Boie, Isis (1831), p. 542. 

Malacolophus (Brachylophus) dimidiatus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. 

p. 308. 

Picus viridanus, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. xii. . 1000. 
Gecinus viridanus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 438. 
Chloropicus dimidiatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 132, t 76. 

f. 4, 5, 6. 

a, b. Tenasserim, male and female. Presented by J. D. C. 
Packman, Esq. 

c. d. Tenasserim, male and female. Presented by the Se- 

cretary of State for India. 

e. Pegu, male. Presented by W. T. Blandford, Esq. 

f, g. Nepal ? Presented by the East-India Company. 
h. India. Presented by J. Inskipp, Esq. 

i. Java, female. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

14. GECINUS SQUAMATUS. The Scaly-breasted Woodpecker, 

Picus squamatus, Vigors, Proc. Z. S. (1830) p. 8 ; Gould, Cent 

ofB. pi. 48. 

Picus dimidiatus, Gr. Illustr. Ind. Zool. pi. 29. f. 1. 
Malacolophus (Brachylophus) squamatus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. 

p. 308. 

Chrysoptilus squamatus, Vigne, Proc. Z. S. (1841) p. 6. 
Gecinus squamatus, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 438. 
Chloropicus squamatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 131, t. 78. 

f. 1, 2, 3. 



PICID^E. 77 

a. Himalaya Mountains, male. Presented by M.-Gen. 

Hardwicke. 

b, c. Himalaya Mountains, male and young. 

15. GECINUS STRIOLATUS. The Striolated Woodpecker. 

Picus striolatus, HI Journ. A. S. B. (1843) p. 1000. 
Picus lepidotus, Natt. MS. 

Picus squamatus, Jerd. Madr. Journ. (1840) p. 213. 
Brachylophus xanthopygseus, Hodys., Gray, Zool. Misc. p. 85. 
Gecinus striolatus, G. JR. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 439. 
Gecinus xanthopygius, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 127. 
Chloropicus striolatus, Malh. Monoyr. des Pic. ii. p. 134, t. 77. 
1,2. 

a. Nepal, males and females. Presented by Brian H. 

Hodgson, Esq. 

b. Pegu, female. Presented by W. T. Blandford, Esq. 

c. d. India, male and female. From Mr. Jerdon's Collection. 

16. GECINUS MENTALIS. The Spotted- throated Woodpecker. 

Picus gularis, Temm., Wayl. Syst. Av. 
Picus mentalis, Temm. PL Col. 384. 
Picus squamicollis, Less. Tr. d'Orn. p. 229. 
Gecinus mentalis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 439. 
Venilia (Brachylophus) mentalis, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 128. 
Brachylophus mentalis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Venilia gularis, Reichb. Syn. p. 358. 

Chloropicus mentalis, Malh. Monoyr. des Pic. ii. p. 112, t. 75. 
f. 4, 5. 

a, b. Malacca. Presented by W, Harvey, Esq. 

c, d. Malacca. 

e, f. Indian archipelago. Presented by J. Nightingale, 
Esq. 

g. Java. Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 

h. Indian archipelago. 

17. GECINUS PUNICEUS. The Purple-coloured Woodpecker. 

Picus puniceus, Horsf. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 176. 
Gecinus puniceus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 439. 
Venilia (Brachylophus) puniceus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 128. 
Brachylophus puniceus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chloropicus puniceus, Malh. Monoyr. des Pic. ii. p. Ill, t, 84. 
f. 5, 6. 

a-c. Borneo. 

H3 



78 SCANSORES. 

d. Malacca. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 

e-g. Malacca. 

h. Java. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 



2. CAMPETHEKA. 

Campethera, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. of B. (1841) p. 70. 

Chrysoptilus (Dendromus), Sw. Classif.ofB.u. p. 307(1837), 

Campothera, Agass. 

Chrysoptilopicus (1845) et 

Chrysopicos (div. 1), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 352, 

Pardipicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 

Ipopatis, Cab. 8f H. Mm. Hem. iv. p. 129 (1863). 

Chrysopicus (div. 1), Malli. 1862. 

Cnipotheres, Cab. # H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 131 (1863). 

Stictocrangus, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 130 (1863). 

Ipagrus, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 123 (1863). 

Stictopicus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii. (1861). 

Polipicus, Cass. Pr. Ac. 'Phil. (1863) p. 196. 

a. CAMPETRERA. 

1. CAMPETHERA BRACHYRHYNCHTJS. The Short-billed 
Woodpecker. 

Dendromus brachyrhynchus, Sw. B. of W. Afr. ii. p. 160. 
Campethera brachyrhynchus, G. JR. Gr. List of Gen. of B. (1841) 

p. 70. 

Dendrobates brachyrhynchus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 123. 
Chrysopicus brachyrhynchus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 152. 

t. 91. f. 6, 7. 

Campothera brachyrhynchus, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 132. 
Picus brachyrhynchus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 62. 

Hob. Gaboon. 

2. CAMPETHEBA MACULOSA. The Spotted African 
Woodpecker. 

Picus maculosus, Valenc. Diet. Sc. Nat. xl. p. 173. 

Picus chloronotus, Cuv., Pucker. Rev. et Mag. de Zool (1852) 

p. 479. 

Picus olivaceus, Gr. Zool. Misc. p. 18. 
Dendrobates variolosus, p., Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 123. 
Chloropicos rufoviridis, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1845) p. 401. 
Dendrobates olivaceus, G, R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 437, 



PICUX&, 79 

Chloronerpes rufoviridis, G. J?. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 443. 
? Campethera maculosa, G. It. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 21. 
Dendromus rufoviridis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dendropicus olivaceus, Hartl. Syst. Orn. West Afr. p. 117. 
Chrysopicus maculosus aut chloronotus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. 

ii. p. 156, t. 92. f. 3. 

Campothera maculosa, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hem. iv. p. 133. 
Campethera vestita, Cass. Pr. Ac. Phil. (1863) p. 197 j id. Journ. 

Ac. Phil. (1863) pi. 51. f. 2. 

a, b. West Africa, females. 

b. IPOPATIS. 
3. CAMPETHERA GABONENSIS. The Gaboon Woodpecker. 

Dendrobates gabonensis, Verr. Rev. de Zool. (1851) p. 513. 
Dendrodromus nigriguttatus, Verr., Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. 

p. 149. 
Dendropicus gabonensis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. ; Hartl. 

Syst. Orn. West Afr. p. 178. 

Pardipicus nigriguttatus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Scolecotheres uigriguttatus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 429. 
Dendropicus lugubris, Hartl. Syst. Orn. West Afr. p. 178. 
Dendromus (Pardipicus) nigriguttatus, Hartl. 1. c. p. 182. 
Chrysopicus gabonensis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 149, t. 91. 

f. 1, 2. 

Ipopatis gabonensis, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 129. 
Picus gabonensis, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 63. 

a. Gaboon, male, From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

C. CNIPO THEBES. 

4. CAMPETHERA CAROLI. Charles's Woodpecker. 

Chloropicus Caroli, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1852) p. 550. 
Dendrooates Caroli, Hartl. Journ.filr Orn. (1854) p. 198. 
Pardipicus Caroli, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Scolecotheres Caroli, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 429. 
Dendromus (Pardipicus) Caroli, Hartl. Syst. Orn. West Afr. 

p. 182. 

Dendromus Caroli, Cass. Proc. Ac. Phil (1859) p. 141. 
Chrysopicus Caroli, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 157, t. 91. f. 4. 
Cnipotheres Caroli, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 131. 
Picus Caroli, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 56. 

a. Gaboon, male. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 



80 SCANSORES. 

d. STICTOCR ANGUS. 
5. CAMPETHERA NIVOSA. The White-spotted Woodpecker. 

Dendromus nivosus, Sw. B. of W. Afr. ii. p. 162. 

Picus pardinus, Temm., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 56. 

Campethera nivosa, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 439. 

Chloropicos nivosus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 352. 

Dendrobates nivosus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 126. 

Pardipicus nivosus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Dendromus (Pardipicus) nivosus, Hartl. Syst. Orn. West Afr. 

p. 183. 

Scolecotheres nivosus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 428. 
Chrysopicus nivosus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 151, t. 92. 

f. 1, 2. 
Stictocrangus pardinus, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 130. 

a. West Africa. From the Zoological Society's Collection. 

b. West Africa. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

c. West Africa, young. From Mr. Cunaing's Collection. 

e. IPAGEUS. 
6. CAMPETHERA VARIOLOSA. The South African Woodpecker. 

Picus variolosus, Licht. 

Picus guttatus, Licht. Verz. Sdugeth. u. Vb'g. Kqfernl.(18&2) p. 18. 
Picus Abingtoni, A. Smith, Rep. Exp. Cent. Afr. (1836) p. 53. 
Chrysoptilus Bennettii, A. Smith, Rep. Exp. Cent. Afr. (1836) 

p. 53. 

tl Picus nubicoides, Smith" Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 169. 
Campethera variolosa, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 439. 
Chrysopicos Bennettii, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 354. 
Dendrobates variolosus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 123. 
Dendrobates Abingtoni, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 124. 
Dendromus variolosus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dendromus Bennetti, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dendromus guttatus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dendromus Abingoni, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Campethera Abingtoni, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 21. 
Campethera Abingoni, Strickl. fy Sclat. Contr. Orn. (1852) p. 156. 
Chrysopicus variolosus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 165, t. 95. 

f. 1, 2. 

Ipagrus Bennetti, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 123. 
Picus Bennetti, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 63. 

a, b. South Africa, male and female. From the South 
African Museum. 



PICIDJE. 81 

7. CAMPETHERA CAPRICORNI. The Capricorn Woodpecker. 

Campethera capricorni, Strickl. fy Sclat. Contr. Ornith. (1852) 

p. 155. 

Dendromus capricorni, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chrysopicus capricorni, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 169. 
Ipagrus capricornis, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 123. 
Picas capricorni, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 64. 

Hab. Daniaraland. 

8. CAMPETHERA CIIRYSURUS. The Golden-tailed 
Woodpecker. 

Dendromus chrysurus, Sw. B. of W. Afr. ii. p. 158. 
Campethera chrysura, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 439. 
Dendrobates chrysurus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 123. 
Chrysopicus chrysurus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 152, t. 94. 

f. 4, 5. 

Ipagrus chrysurus, Cab. 8f H. Mtts. Hein. iv. p. 128. 
Picus chrysurus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 64. 

a. South Africa, female. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

b. Africa. 

c. South Africa, female. 

Var. Campethera chrysura, var. lineata. Cass. Journ. Ac. Phil. 
(1863) p. 327. 

d. Port Natal, female. 

9. CAMPETHERA CAILLIAUTI. Cailliaut's Woodpecker. 

Chrysopicos Cailliauti, Malh. Rev.de Zool. (1849) p. 540. 
Dendromus Caillauti, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chrysopicus Cailliaudi, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 167, 
Ipagrus Cailliaudi, Cab. # If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 127. 

Hab, Port Natal. 

10. ? CAMPETHERA SMITHII. Smith's Woodpecker. 

Picus (Chrysoptilopicus) Smithii, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1845) 

p. 403. 
Campethera Smithii, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 21. 

a. ? South Africa, male. From the South African Museum, 

11. CAMPETHERA BRUCEI. Bruce 's Woodpecker. 
Chrysopicus Brucei, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 170, t, 93. f. 1. 



82 SCANSOBES. 

Ipagrus Brucei, Cab. fy If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 125. 

a. South Africa, male. From Mr. Turner's Collection. 

12. CAMPETHERA NOTATA. The Marked Woodpecker. 

Picus notatus, Licht. Verz. Doubl. Zool. Mus. p. 11 ; Levaill. Ois. 

tfAfr. t. 250. 

Chrysopicos notatus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 162. 
Dendrooates notatus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 123. 
Campethera nubica, G. R. Or. Gen. ofB. ii. p, 439. 
Campethera notata, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 423. 
Dendromus notatus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chrysopicus notatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 162, t. 95. 

f. 4,5. 
Ipagrus notatus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 127. 

a. South Africa, male. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

13. CAMPETHEBA NUBICA. The Ethiopian Woodpecker. 

Picus nubicus, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 439 ; PL Enl. 667. 
Picus sethiopicus, Hempr. $ Ehrenb. Symb. Phys. Av. p. 2. 
Campethera nubica, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 439. 
Dendrobates notatus, p., Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 123. 
Dendromus sethiopicus, R'dpp. Syst. Uebers. Ost-Afr. t, 36. 
Dendrobates sethiopicus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 123. 
Chrysopicos nubicus, p., Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p, 354. 
Campethera eethiopica, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 439. 
Chrysopicus nubicus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 159, t. 93. 

f. 2, 3,4,5. 
Ipagrus nubicus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 125. 

a. South Africa, female. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

b. 'Abyssinia, male. Presented by the Secretary of State 

for India. 

14. CAMPETHERA PUNCTATA. The Nubian Woodpecker. 

Picus nubicus, Licht, Verz. Doubl. Zool. Mus. p. 11. 
Picus punctatus, Cuv., Valenc. Diet. Sci. Nat. xl. p. 171. 
Picus punctuligerus, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Picus punctulatus, Drap. Diet. Class. d'H. N. xiii. p. 505. 
Chrysopicos nubicus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 354. 
Dendromus punctatus, Sw. B. of W. Afr. ii. p. 163. 
Campethera punctuligera, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 439. 
Dendromus punctuligerus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Dendrobates punctuligerus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 123. 



83 

Chrvsopicus punctuligerus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 164, 

t."92. f. 4, 5, 6. 
Ipagrus punctatus, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hem. iv. p. 124. 

a, b. West Africa, male. Presented by Capt. Sabine, R.N. 

c. Africa, female. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

d. Africa, female. From the South African Museum. 

15. CAMPETHEBA MALHEBBEI. Malherbe's African 
Woodpecker. 

Chrysopicus Malherbei, Cass. Proc. Ac. Phil. (1863) p. 198 ; 

Journ. Ac. Phil. (1863) pi. 51. f. 3. 
Picus iinberbis, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 68. 

Hab. Zanzibar. 

f. POLIPICUS. 

16. CAMPETHEBA ELLIOTI. Elliot's Woodpecker. 

Polipicus Ellioti, Cass. Pr. Ac. Phil. (1863) p. 196 5 Journ. Ac. 

Phil (1863) pi. 51. f. 1. 
Picus Ellioti, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 63. 

Hab. West Africa, River Muni. 



3. BEMILOPHUS. 

Malacolophus (Hemilophus), Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 309 

(1837). 

Mulleripicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 
Macropicus, Bp. (1854), Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii. 
Diyopicos (2nd div.), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849),p. 322. 
Alophonerpes, Reichb. (1854). 
Lichtensteinipicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 
Alophonerpes, p., Reichb. 
Alophus, Malh. (1861). 
Thriponax, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hem. iv. p. 105 (1863). 

a. HEMILOPHUS. 
1. HEMILOPHUS GUTTUBALIS. The Dusky Woodpecker. 

Picus gutturalis, Valenc. Diet, des Sci. N. xl. p. 178. 
Picus javensis, 5 , Horsf. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 176. 



84 SCANSORES. 

Picus Horsfieldii, , Wagl Syst. Av. 

Picus Mackloti, Wagl Isis (1829), p. 508. 

Picus pulverulentus, Temm. PI Col. 389. 

Malacoloplius (Hemilophus) pulverulentus, Sw. Classif. ofB. ii. 

p. 308. 

Hemilophus Mackloti, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 439. 
Hemiloplius Mulleri, Bp. 
Hemilophus (Mulleripicus) pulverulentus, Bp. Ateneoltal (1854) 

p. 
Dryopicus gutturalus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 51, t. 15. f. 4, 

5,6. . 

Mulleri, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 384. 
Hemilophus (Alophonerpes) Maclotii, et 
Mulleripicus pulverulentus, Horsf. fy M. Cat. ofB. p. 651. 
Alophonerpes gutturalis, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 106. 

a. Sumatra. 

b. Malacca. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

2. HEMILOPHUS FULVUS. The Celebesian Woodpecker. 

Picus fulvus, Quoy 8f Gaim. Voy. Astrol. t. 17. f. 2. 
Picus fulvigaster, Drap. Diet. Class. d'H. N. xiii. p. 503. 
Hemilophus fulvus, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 439. 
Hemilophus (Alophonerpes) fulvus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. 

p. 385. 
Dryopicos (Hemilophus) fulvus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), 

p. 323. 

Dryopicus fulvus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 53, t. 14. f. 1, 2. 
Alophonerpes fulvus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 107. 

a-d. Celebes, males and females. From Mr. Leadbeater's 

Collection. 
e. Celebes, male. Presented by E. Wilson, Esq. 

b. LlCHTENSTEINIPICUS. 

3. HEMILOPHUS FUNEBRIS. The Funereal Woodpecker. 

Picus funebris, Valenc. Diet. Sc. Nat. xl. p. 179. 
Picus Lichtensteini, Wagl Syst. Av. 
Picus modestus, Vig. Proc. Z. S. (1831) p, 98. 
Picus punctatus, Less. Tr. d'Orn. p. 230. 
Hemilophus Lichtensteini, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 439. 
Hemilophus funebris, Bl Cat. of B. p. 55. 
Hemilophus (Lichtensteinipicus) modestus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. 
(1854) p. . 



85 

Lichtensteinipicus Lichtensteini !, G. JR. Gr, List of Gen. 1855, 

p. 93. 

Dryopicus funebris, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 54, t. 15. f. 1, 2. 
Hemilophus (Alophonerpes) Lichtensteini, Reichb. Handb. Spec. 

Orn. p. 386. 
Alophonerpes funebris, Cab. fy If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 107. 

a-c. Philippine Islands, male and females. From Mr. 

Cuming's Collection. 
d. Manilla, male. From the Zoological Society's Collection. 



c. THRIPONAX. 

4. HEMILOPHUS JAVENSIS. The White-bellied Woodpecker. 

Picus javensis, <$ , Horsf. Linn. Trans, xiii. p, 175. 

Picus Horsfieldii, $ , Wagl Syst. Av. 

Picus Crawfordii, Gr. Griff. An. Kingd. ii. pi. p. 513. 

Picus leucogaster, Reimv. Temm. PL Col. 501. 

Dryocopus javensis et leucogaster, Boie, Isis (1828), p. 326. 

Hemilophus leucogaster, G. R. Gr. Gen. of It. ii. p. 439. 

Macropicus leucogaster, Malh, 

Dryopicos (Hemilophus) leucogaster, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz 

(1849), p. 322. 

Dryopicus leucogaster, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 47, 1. 13. f. 4, 5. 
Hemilophus javensis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. jp. 439. 
Mulleripicus javensis, Horsf. <^ M. Cat. ofB. ii. p. 652. 
Thriponax javensis, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 105. 

a. Borneo, male. 

b. Indian archipelago, male. Presented by J. R. Reeves, 

Esq. 

c. Malacca, female. Presented by the Earl of Ellenborough. 

d. Java, male. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

5. HEMILOPHUS HODQSONI. White-backed Woodpecker. 

Picus Hodgsonii, Jerd. III. Ind. Orn. pi. 5. 

Dryotomus albicinctus, Gould. 

Hemilophus Hodgsoni, Jerd. Madr. Journ. x. p. 215. 

Dryopicus (Hemilophus) Hodgsoni, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz 

(1849), p 322. 

Dryopicus Hodgsoni, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 49, t. 13. f. 1, 2. 
Mulleripicus Hodgsoni, Jerd. B. of Ind. i. p. 284. 
Thriponax Hodgsoni, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 105. 

a. India. Presented by W. Elliott, Esq. 



86 SCANSORES. 

5. Burmali Empire (?). From the Zoological Society's 
Collection. 

6. HEMILOPHUS FEDDENI. Fedden's Woodpecker. 

Mulleripicus Feddeni, Blanf. Journ. A. S. B. (1863) p. 75. 
Mulleripicus Heddeni, Bl. ? 

Thriponax Jerdoni, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 105. 
Picus Plodgsoni, p., Sundev. Consp. Av. p. 9. 

a. Bassein Pegu, male. Presented by T. W. Blanford 

Esq. 

7. HEMILOPHUS HODGEI. Hodge's Woodpecker. 

Mulleripicus Hodgei, Bl Journ. A. S. B. (1860) p. 105. 
Thriponax Hodgei, Cab. 4- H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 106. 
Picus Hodgei, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 9. 

Hob. Andaman Islands. 

4. CELEUS. 

Celeus, Boie, Isis (1831), p. 542. 

Malacolophus, Sw. Faun. Bor. Amer. p. 300 (1831). 

Celeopicos (div. 1), Math. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 332. 

Celeopicus, Malh. (1859). 

Xanthopicus, Bp. (1854), Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii. 

Cerchneipicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 

Celeopicos (div. 2), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849). p. 334. 

Celeopicus (div. 1), Malh. (1859). 

a. CELEUS. 

1. CELEUS FLAVESCENS. The Yellow-crested Woodpecker. 

Picus flavescens, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 427. 
Celeus flavescens, Boie, Isis (1831), p. 542. 
Malacolophus flavescens, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 309. 
Celeopicos flavescens, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 334. 
Celeopicus flavescens, Malh. Monoqr. des Pic. ii. p. 21, t. 53. 
f. 1,2, 3, 4. 

a. Brazil, female, variety. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collec- 
tion. 
6, c. Brazil, male and female. Presented by M. Claussen. 

d. Brazil. Presented by Lord Stuart de Rothsay. 

e. Brazil. Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 



PICID.SJ. 87 

2. CELEUS LUGUBRIS. The Mourning Woodpecker. 

Picus lugubris, Natt., Malh. Mem. Soc. cCH. N. Metz (1851), 

p. 77. 

Celeus lugubris, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. . 
Celeopicus lugubris, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 19, t. 54. f. 1, 

2, 3, 4. 

Hob. Brazil, Paraguay. 

3. CELEUS OCHRACEUS. The Ochraceous-crested Woodpecker. 

Picus ochraceus, SpLr, Av. Bras. t. 51. f. 1. 
Malacolophus ochraceus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 309. 
Celeus ochraceus, Boie, Isis (1831), p. 542. 
Celeopicus ochraceus. Malh. Mvnogr. des Pic. ii. p. 23, t. 54. 
f. 5, 6. 

Hab. Brazil. 

4. CELEUS ELEGANS. The Ferruginous Woodpecker. 

Picus elegans, Mull. Syst. Nat. Suppl. p. 92. 
Picus fusco-fulvus, Bodd. Tabl. des PI. Enl p. 30. 
Picus cinnamomeus, Gmel. S. N.\. p. 428 ; Pi. Enl. 524. 
Malacolophus cinnamomeus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 309. 
Celeus cinnamomeus, Boie, Isis (1831), p. 542. 
Celeopicos cinnamomeus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 334. 
Celeopicus cinnamomeus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 32, t. 56. 
f. 1, 2. 

a. Guiana. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

5. CELEUS REICHENBACHII. Reichenbach's Woodpecker. 

Picus cinnamomeus, Vieill. Ois. cFAmer. Sept. ii. t. 3. 
Celeopicos cinnamomeus, p., Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), 

p. 334. 

Celeus cinnamomeus, p., Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 130. 
Celeopicus Reichenbachii, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ft. p. 28, t. 56. 

f. 4, 5. 
Picus Reichenbachii, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 85. 

a. Brazil. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

6. CELEUS JUMANA. The Jumana Woodpecker. 

Picus jumana, Spix, Av. Bras. t. 47. f. 1. 
Malacolophus castaneus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 309. 

i2 



88 SCANSORES. 

Celeus jumana, G. JR. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 440. 
Celeus cinnamomeus, p., Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

a. Para. Presented by B,. Graham, Esq. 

7. CELEUS CITBEOPYGIUS. The Peruvian Yellow-hacked 
Woodpecker. 

Celeus citreopygius, Bp. MS. 

Celeopicus jumana, Malh. Bull. Soc. d'Hist. (1851) p. 73 5 id. 
Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 27, t. 55. f. 1, 2. 

Hob. Peruvian Amazon. 

8. CELEUS FLAVUS. The Yellow Woodpecker. 

Picus flavus, Mull. Syst. Nat. Suppl. p. 91. 
Picus citrinus, Bodd. Tall, des PL Enl p. 30. 
Picus exalbidus, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 428 ; PI. Enl. 509. 
Picus flavicans, Lath. 2nd. Orn. i. p. 240. 
Malacolophus flavicans, Sw. Classif. ofB. ii. p. 309. 
Celeus citrinus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 440. 
Celeus flavicans et exalbidus, Boie, Isis (1831), p. 542. 
Celeus flavicans et exalbidus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. . 
Celeopicus exalbidus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 30 ; t. 55. 
f.4,5, 6. 

a. Brazil. 

b. Cayenne, male. 

c. Cayenne, female. From the Zoological Society's Col- 

lection. 

9. CELEUS SEMICINNAMOMEUS. The Half-cinnamon 
Woodpecker. 

Celeus semicinnamomeus, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Orn. p. 407. 
Celeopicus exalbidus, var., Malh. 

Celeopicus semicinnamomeus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 26. 
Picus exalbidus, p., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 85. 

Hob. Guiana. 

10. CELEUS CASTANEUS. The Castaneous Woodpecker. 

Picus castaneus, Licht., Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 515. 

Picus badioides, Less. Cent, de Zool. t. 14. 

Celeus badioides, Boie, Isis (1831), p. 542. 

Celeopicos badioides, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 334. 



PICIDJE. 89 

Meiglyptes castaneus, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Oni. p. 405. 
Celeopicus castaneus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 25, t. 50. 
f. 1, 2. 

a. Guatemala; female. From Mr. Salvin's Collection. 

b, c. Honduras, male and female. From Mr. Dyson's Col- 

lection. 

b. CERCHNEIPICUS. 

11. CELEUS TINNUNCULUS. The Black-breasted Woodpecker. 

Picus tinnunculus, Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 516. 
Celeopicos tinnunculus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 334. 
Celeus tinnunculus, Boie, Isis (1831), p. 542. 
Cerchneipicus tinnunculus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Celeopicus tinnunculus. Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 36, t. 52. 
f. 4, 5. 

a. Brazil. From the Zoological Society's Collection. 
12. CELEUS TOBQUATUS. The Black-chested Woodpecker. 






Picus torquatus, J?ofM. Tabl. des PL Enl. p. 52; PI. Enl. 863. 
Picus multicolor, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 429. 
Picus thoracicus, Less. Tr. d'Orn. p. 223. 
Picus scutatus, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Celeus torquatus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 440. 
Celeopicos multicolor, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 335. 
Celeus multicolor, Sp. Consp. Av. i. p. 130. 
Cerchneipicus multicolor, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Celeopicus multicolor, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 34, t. 52. 
f. 1, 2. 

Hab. Guiana, Brazil. 

13. CELEUS VERREAUXI. Verreaux's Woodpecker. 

Celeopicus Verreauxii, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1858) p. 8 ; id. 

Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 14, t. 51. f. 1, 2. 
Picus Verreauxii, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 86. 

Hab. Ecuador. 

14. CELEUS GRAMMICUS. The Geometrical-marked 

Woodpecker. 

Picus grammicus, Natt., Malh. Mem. Soc. Roy. Liege (1845 ), 
p. 69. 

i3 



90 SCANSORES. 

Cerchneipicus grammicus, Bp. Ateneo ItaL (1854) p. 
Celeus fasciolatus, Sclat. MS. 

Celeopicus grammicus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 18, t. 51. 
f. 4, 5. 

Hob. Brazil. 

15. CELEUS RUFUS. The Rufous Woodpecker. 

Picus rufus, Gmel S. N. i. p. 432 ; PI Enl. 694. f. 1. 
Celeus rufus, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 440. 
Cerchneipicus undatus, ? Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Meiglyptes rufus, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Orn. p. 404. 
Celeopicus rufus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 13, t. 50. f. 6, 7. 

a. Brazil. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

b. Cayenne, male. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

16. CELEUS FLAVICOLLIS. The Yellow-necked Woodpecker. 

Picus flavicollis, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 71. 
Chloronerpes flavicollis, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 443. 
Celeopicus flavicollis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 24. 

Hob. Brazil. 

17. CELEUS UNDATUS. The Red-cheeked Woodpecker. 

Picus undatus, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 432 ; Edw. B. pi. 332. 

Picus multifasciatus, Natt., Malh. Mem. Soc. Roy. Liege (1845), 

p. 69. 

Malacolophus undatus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 309. 
Celeus undatus, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 440. 
Cerchneipicus multifasciatus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Meiglyptes undatus, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Orn. p. 404. 
Coleopicus multifasciatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 16, t. 50. 

f. 4, 5. 

Hab. Guiana, Brazil. 

18. CELEUS LOBICATUS. Fraser's Woodpecker. 

Picus loricatus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 405. 

Celeopicus multifasciatus, var. minor, Malh. 

Celeopicus Fraseri, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 16, t. 43 bis. fig. 5. 

Hab. Ecuador. 

19. CELEUS MENTALIS. The Panama Scaly Woodpecker. 

Celeus mentalis, Cass. Proc. Ac. Philad. (1860) p. 13 ; id. Journ. 
Ac. Phil. (1863) pi. 52. figs. 2, 3. 



PICIDJE. 91 

Celeus squamatus, Lawr. Ibis (1863), p. 184. 
Picus pholidotus, Sundev. Consp. Av. Pic. p. 87. 

Hob. Panama. 

20. ? CELEUS SMARAGDINICOLLIS. The Doubtful Woodpecker. 

Celeopicos smaragdinicollis, Malh. Rev. de Zool. 1849, p. 534. 
Celeus smaragdinicollis, Bp. Comp. Av. i. p. 130. 
Celeopicus smaragdinicollis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 30. 

Hab. ? 

5. CHRYSOPTILUS. 

Chrysoptilus, Sw. Faun. Bor.-Amer. p. 300 (1831). 

Chrysopicos (div. 2), Malh. Mem.Acad. Metz (1849), p. 352. 

Chrysopicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 

Soroplex, Gloc/. Hand- it. Hilfs. der Naturg. p. 198 (1842). 

Malherbipicu's, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 

Theiopicus, Bp. (1854), Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii. (1861). 

a. CHRYSOPTILUS. 

1. CHRYSOPTILUS PUNCTIGULA. The Cayenne Woodpecker. 

Picus punctigula, Bodd. Tabl. des PL Enl. p. 37 ; PL Enl. 613. 

Picus cayennensis, Gm. S. N. i. p. 428. 

Picus cayanensis, Lath. 2nd. Orn. i. p. 239. 

Picus guttatus, SpiXj Av. Bras. t. 53. f. 1. 

Picus guttulatus, Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Chrysoptilus cayennensis, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 308. 

Chrysoptilus guttatus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 308. 

Chrysoptilus punctigula, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 440. 

Chrysoptilus cayanensis, G. JR. Gr. List of Gen. (1840) p. 54. 

Chrysopicos cayennensis, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 354. 

Colaptes cayennensis, Bl. Cat. ofB. p. 62. 

Chrvsopicus cayennensis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 179, t. 87. 

f."4, 5,6. 

Chrysoptilus punctigularis, Sclat. Cat. ofB. p. 340. 
Picus punctigularis, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 73. 

a. Brazil, male. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

b. Brazil, male. From Mr. Baker's Collection. 

2. CHRYSOPTILUS SPECIOSUS. The Showy Woodpecker. 

Chrysoptilus speciosus, Sclat.. Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 181, 

t. 87. f. 6. 



92 SCANSORES. 

Picus punctigularis, b., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 74. 
Hob. East Peru. 

3. CHRYSOPTILUS PUNCTIPECTUS. The Spotted-breasted 
Woodpecker. 

Picus punctipectus, Cab. fy H. 

Chrysoptilus punctipectus, Cab. fy If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 163. 

a, b. Trinidad, male. From the Zoological Society's Col- 
lection. 

4. QHRYSOPTILUS GUTTIFER. The Spotted Mexican 
Woodpecker. 

Chrysoptilus guttifer, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 420. 

Picus guttifer, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 74. 

Chrysopicus guttifer, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 181. 

Hob. Mexico. 

5. CHRYSOPTILUS ICTEROMELAS. The Yellow-and-Black 
Woodpecker. 

Picus icteromelas, Vieill. N. Diet. $H. N. xxxi. p. 81. 
Picus Nattereri, Malh. Mem. Soc. Roy. Liege (1845), p. 66. 
Chrysoptilus icteromelas, JBp. Consp. Av. i. p. 122. 
Dendromus Meriana, Hartl. Syst. Orn. W. Afr. p. 181. 
Chrysopicus icteromelas, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 182, t. 88. 
f. 1, 2, 3. 

a. Brazil, female. From the Zoological Society's Collection. 

6. CHRYSOPTILUS FLAVILUMBIS. The Yellow-sided 

Woodpecker. 

Picus navilumbis, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 74. 
Hob. Bahia. 

7. CHRYSOPTILUS CHRYSOMELAS. The Golden-and- 

Black Woodpecker. 

Chrysopicus chrysomelas, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 189, t. 89. 

f. 1, 2, 8. 

Chrysoptilus chrysomelas, Cab. fy If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 163. 
Picus chrysomelas, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 75. 

a. Chili. From the Zoological Society's Collection. 



93 



8. CHBYSOPTILUS MELANOCHLORUS. The Crimson-crested 
Woodpecker. 

Picus melanochloros, Gin. S. N. i. p. 427 ; PL Enl 719. 

Picus melanochlorus, Licht. 

Picus Buffonii, Kulil. 

Chrysoptilus melanochloris !, G. R. Gr. Gen. of S. ii. p. 440. 

Ghrysoptilus melanochlorus, Hartl. Syst. Ind. Azara, p. 16. 

Chrysoptilus Buffoni, Bp. Consp. Ac. i. p. 122. 

Chrysopicos melanochlorus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849) p. 

354. 
Chrysopicus melanochlorus. Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 187, 

t. 84 Ms. f. 4, 5, 6. 
Chrysoptilus chlorozostus, Sdat. Cat. of S. p. 340. 

a. Brazil. Presented by Lord Stuart de Rothsay. 

b. Brazil. Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 

c. Brazil. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

9. CHBYSOPTILUS CRISTATUS. The Crested Brazilian 
Woodpecker. 

Picus cristatus, VwU, N. Diet. cTH. N. xxxi. p. 98. 

Picus melanochlorus, Licht. Verz. Doubl. p. 10. 

Picus melanochlorus, p., Wac/L Syst. Av. 

Picus chlorozostus, Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 513. 

Chrysoptilus melanochlorus, Hartl. Ind. Azara, p. 17. 

Chrysoptilus chlorozostus, G. JR. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 22. 

Chrysopicus chlorosostos, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 183. t. 86 

bis. 1, 2, 3. 
Chrysoptilus cristatus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 165. 

Hab. Brazil. 



10. CHRYSOPTILUS MELANOLAIMUS. The Black -throated 
Woodpecker. 

Picus chlorigaster, Malh. 

Chrysopicus melanolaimus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 185, 

t. 89. f. 7, 8, 9. 

Chrysoptilus melanolaemus, Sdat. Cat. of B. p. 340. 
Picus melanolsemus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 76. 

a, b. Bolivia, male and female. From Mr. Brydges's Col- 
lection. 
c. Bolivia, young. From M. Verreaux's Collection, 



94 SCANSORES. 

11. CHRYSOPTILUS ATRICOLLIS. The Black-necked 
Woodpecker. 

Chrysopicos atricolli, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 355. 
Chrysoptilus peruvianus et atricollis, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. 

pp. 419, 430 

Chrysopicus atricollis, Bp. 

Chrysopicus atricolli, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 178, t. 88. f. 4. 
Picus atricollis, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 76. 

Hob. Peru. 

b. SOROPLEX. 

12. CHRYSOPTILUS CAMPESTRIS. Tlie Field- Woodpecker. 

Picus campestris, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 101. 
Chrysoptilos campestris, Siv. Classif. of B. ii. p. 308. 
Picus chrysosternus, Sw. Mem. Wern. Soc. iii. p. 288. 
Geopicos campestris, Malh. N. Class. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), 

p. 358. 

Malherbipicus campestris, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Geopicus campestris, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 251, t. 108. 

f. 1, 2. 
Soroplex campestris, Glog. Hand- u. Hilfs. der Naturf. p. 198. 

#, b. Brazil, male and female. Presented by Lord Stuart de 
Rothsay. 

13. CHRYSOPTILUS CAMPESTROIDES. The La Plata 
Woodpecker. 

Geopicos campestroides, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 541. 
Geopicos agricola, Malh. N. Class. Mem. Sc. Metz (1849), p. 359. 
Chrysoptilus campestroides, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 123. 
Malherbipicus campestroides, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chrysoptilus subcampestris, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 419. 
Geopicus agricola, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 254, 1. 108. f. 4, 5. 
Picus agricola, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 77. 

a. La Plata. From M. Bravard's Collection. 



6. BRACHYPTERNUS. 

Brachypternus, Strickl. Ann. fy Mag. of Nat. Hist. (1841) 

p. 35. 

Brachypternopicus (1845), Malh. 
Brahmapicus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 344. 



PICUXZE. 95 

1. BRACHYPTERNUS AURANTIUS. The Orange Woodpecker, 

Picus aurantius, Linn. S. N. i. p. 174, <$ . 

Picus bengalensis, Linn. S. N. i. p. 175, J . 

Picus pharodes, Licht. Cat. Hamb. p. 18. 

Picas nuchalis, Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Malacolophus (Brachylophus) hemipodius, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. 

p. 308. 

Picus chrysonotus, Less. Tr. cPOrn. p. 220. 
Maiacolophus melanochrysos, Hodys. Journ. A. S. B. (1837) 

p. 109. 

Picus thibetanus, Natt. 

Brachypternus igniceps, Hodgs. Gr. Zool. Misc. p. 85. 
Brachypternus aurantius, Strickl. Proc. Z. S. (1841) p. 31. 
Brahmapicus aurantius, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 345. 
Brahmapicus bengalensis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 93, t. 69. 
f. 5, 6. 

a, b. Nepal, male and female. Presented by Brian H. 

Hodgson, Esq. 

c-e. Behar, males and female. Presented by Brian H. Hodg- 
son, Esq. 

f-g. India, males. 

h. India, male. Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 
i. India, female. 

2. ? BRACHYPTERNUS DILUTUS. The Scindian Orange 
Woodpecker. 

Brachypternus dilutus, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1845) p. 550. 
Picus beugalensis, var., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 81. 

Hob. Scinde. 

3. BRACHYPTERNUS CHRYSOXOTUS. The Golden-backed 

Woodpecker. 

Picus chrysonotus, Less. Tr. $ Orn. p. 220. 
Brachypternus chrysonotus, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 121. 
Brachypternus micropus, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1845) p. 194. 
Brahmapicus puncticolli, p., Malh. Monogr. Pic. t. 70. f. 2. 
a. Malabar, male. Presented by Mrs. Spink. 

4. BRACHYPTERNUS PUNCTICOLLIS. The Madras 

Woodpecker. 

Brachypternopicus puncticollis, Malh. 
Brahmapicus puncticolli, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 92, t. 70. 






96 SCANSOEES. 

Brachypternopicus chrysonotus, Malh. Rev. deZool. (1845) p. 404. 
Picus puncticollis, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 82. 

aj b. Madras, females. Presented by the Rev. H. H. Baber. 

5. BRACHYPTERNUS ERYTHRONOTUS. The Bed-backed 
Woodpecker. 

Picus erythronotus, Vieill. N. Diet. d>H. N. xxvi. p. 73. 
Picus ceylonus, Forst. Nat. Forsch. t. 4. 
Picus beiigalensis, var. /3, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 433. 
Picus Sonneratii, Less. Tr. d'Orn. p. 221. 
Picus neglectus, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Picus mutilatus, Temm., Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 121. 
Brachypternus erythronotus, Strickl. Proc. Z. S. (1841) p. 31. 
Brachypternus ceylonus, Bl. Journ. A. 8. S. (1846) p. 282. 
Brahmapicus erythronotus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), 
p. 345 ; id. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 90, t. 69. f. 1, 2, 3. 

a. Ceylon. 

6. BRACHYPTERNUS CARLOTTA. Charlotte's Woodpecker. 

Indopicus Carlotta, Malh. Eev. de Zool. (1854) p. 379 ; id. Mo- 
nogr. des Pic. ii. p. 87, t. 67. f. 1, 2, 3, 4. 

Picus ceylonus, Jerd. III. Ind. Orn. pi. 47. 

Brachypternus Stricklandi, Layard, Ann. fy Mag. Nat. Hist. 
(1854) p. 449. 

Brachypternus erythronotus, p., Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. 
p. 398. 

Brachypternus ceylonus, Jerd. B. of Ind. i. p. 298. 

Chrysocolaptes ceylonus, Cab. fy H. 

Chrysocolaptes Stricklandi, Cab. fy H. Mus. Ilein. iv. p. 169. 

Picus Carlotta, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 80. 

a ; b. Ceylon, male and female. From Mr. Cuniing's Col- 
lection. 

7. TIGA. 

Tiga, Kaup, Thierreich, $c. (1836). 
Chrysonotus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 309 (1837). 
Chloropicoides fdiv. I), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 345. 
Gauropicoides, Bp. (1854), Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii. (1861). 
Chrysonotus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 
Chloropicoides (div. 2), Malh. Mem. Acad, Metz (1849), p. 347. 
Gecinulus, Bl. Journ. As. Soc. Beng. (1845) p. 192. 
Chloropicoides (div. 3), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 347. 



97 

Spaniopicoides, Bp. (1854) ; Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii 

(1861). 
Geciniscus, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. p. 174 (1863). 

a. TIQA. 
1. TIGA JAVANENSIS. The Tiga Woodpecker. 

Picus javanensis, Ljung, Mem. Acad. Roy. Stockh. (1797) p. 134, 

t. 6. 

Picus tiga, Horsf. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 177. 
Malacolophus (Chrysonotus) tridactylus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. 

p. 309. 

Chrysonotus tiga, Eyton. 
Tiga tridactyla, Kemp. 
Chloropicoid.es tiga, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 347 ; 

id. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 97, t. 71. f. 5, 6. 
Tiga javensis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

0, b. Java, male and female. Presented by the Secretary 
of State for India. 

c. Java, female. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

d, e. Java, male and female. Presented by the Hon. East- 

India Company. 
/. Java, young. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

2. ? TIGA INTERMEDIA. The Malacca Tiga Woodpecker. 

Picus tiga, Or., III. Ind. Zool. i. pi. 30. 
Tiga intermedia, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1845) p. 193. 
Chrysonotus intermedius, Horsf. fy M. Cat. of B. ii. p. 657. 
Chloropicoides intermedia, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 99. 
Picus javanensis, var. b, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 83. 

a. ?, female. Presented by the Secretary of State for 

India. 
6 ; c. Pegu, male and female. Presented by W. T. Blan- 

ford, Esq. 
dj e. Tenasserim, males. Presented by J. D. C. Packman, 

Esq. 
/. Malacca, female. Presented by J. Inskipp, Esq. 

3. TIGA RUBBOPYGIALIS. The Red-backed Woodpecker. 

Brachypternopicus rubropygialis, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1845) 

p. 400. 

Tiga rubropygialis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 22. 
Chrysonotus intermedius, p., ^ Horsf . fy M. Cat. of B. ii. p. 657. 



98 SCANSOBES. 

Cliloropicoides rubropygialis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 100, 

t. 70. f. 3. 

Chrysonotus rubropygialis, Jerd. B. of Ind. i. p. 299. 
Chrysonotus erythropygus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv, p. 173. 
Picus javanensis, var. c, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 83, 

a. India, female. 

4. TIGA SHOBII. Shore's Woodpecker. 

Picus Shorii, Vigors, Proc. Z. S. (1831) p. 175. 

Picus abnormis, Hodgs. . 

Brachypternus Shorii, Hodgs. Zool. Misc. p. 85. 

Tiga Shorei, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 441. 

Cliloropicoides Shorii, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 347 : 

id. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 101, t. 71. f. 1, 2. 
Tiga Shorii, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 120. 

Brachypternus striaticeps, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 398. 
Chrysonotus Shorei, Horsf. fy M. Cat. of B. ii. p. 658. 

a-c. Nepal, male and females. Presented by Brian H. 
Hodgson, Esq. 

5. TIGA BAFFLE sn. Baffles's Woodpecker. 

Picus Bafflesii, Vig. Raffl. Mem. App. p. 669. 

Picus amictus, Gr. 

Tiga Bafflesii et amictus, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 441. 

Picus (Tiga) labrum, Less. Descr. Ois. rec. decouv. (1847) p. 199. 

Cliloropicoides Bafflesii, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 347 ; 

id. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 102, t. 72. f. 1, 2, 3. 
Chrysonotus Bafflesii, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

, b. Sumatra, male and female. From the Zoological So- 
ciety's Collection. 

c. Indian archipelago, male. From Mr. Cuming's Collec- 

tion. 

d. Indian archipelago, male. From Mr. Gould's Collec- 

tion. 

e. Sumatra, female. From the Zoological Society's Col- 

lection. 

/, g. Malacca, male and female. Presented by the Secre- 
tary of State for India. 

7>, i. Malacca, males. Presented by W. Harvey, Esq. 

j. Indian archipelago, female. From Mr. Baker's Collec- 
tion. 



PICID^!. 99 



b. GECINULUS. 

6. TIGA GRANTIA. Grants Three-toed Woodpecker. 

Picus (Chrysonotus) Grantia, M'Clell. Proc. Z. S. (1839) p. 169. 

Picoides Grantii, 1. 

Gecinulus Grantia, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1845) p. 192. 

Tiga Grantia, G. R. Or. Gen. of B. ii. p. 441. 

Chloropicoides Grantia, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849) t>. 34* 

id. Mvnogr. des Pic. ii. p. 104, t. 72. t. 5, 6. 
Geciniscus Grantia, Cab. Sf H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 174. 

a. Assam, female. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

b. Assam, male. Presented by Dr. Horsfield. 

c. d. Assam ?, male and female. Presented by Brian H. 

Hodgson, Esq. 

7. TIGA VIBIDIS. The Green Three-toed Woodpecker. 

Gecinulus viridis, BL Joimi. A. S. B. (1862) p. 341. 
Geciniscus viridis, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 1 74. 
Picus scotochlorus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 48. 

Hab. Tounghoo. 



v. MELANERPINM. 



1. CENTUKUS. 

Centurus, Sw. Classif. ofB. ii. p. 310 (1837). 
Zebrapicus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 360. 
Zebripicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 

1. CENTURUS CAROLINUS. The Caroline Woodpecker. 

Picus carolinus, Linn. S. N. i. p. 174 : Wils. Amer. Orn. pi. 7. 

f. 2. 

Picus zebra, Bodd. Tabl. des PI. Enl. p. 43 ; PI. Enl. 692. 
Colaptes carolinus, Sw. 

Picus griseus, Vieill Ois. Am. Sept. ii. p. 116. 
Picus erythrauchen, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Centurus carolinensis, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 310. 
Centurus carolinus, Bp. Geogr. Comp. List } p. 40. 
Zebrapicus carolinus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 361 ; 

id. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 234, t. 103. f. 7, 8. 

K2 



100 SCANSORE8. 

a. North America, male. 

b. Mexico ?, female. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

c. North America, male. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

2. CENTURUS KAUPII. Kaup's Woodpecker. 

Zebrapicus Kaupii, Malh. Rev. et Mag. de ZooL (1853) p. 162 ; 

Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 245, t. 106. f. 4, 5. 
Centurus uropygialis, Baird, Proc. Philad. vii. p. 120. 
Centurus sulfuriventer, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Orn. p. 430. 
Centurus hypopolius, (Bp.) Packer. 
Picus uropygialis, Sundev. Camp. Pic. p. 54. 

a, b. Mexico, male and female. From Mr. Leadbeater's 

Collection. 
c. Mexico, male. Presented by Capt. Kellett, R.N. 

3. CENTURUS HOFFMANNII. Hoffmann's Woodpecker. 
Picus Hoffmannii, Cab. Journ. (1862) p. 322. 

#, b. Panama. Presented by G. Barclay, Esq. 

4. CENTURUS TRICOLOR. The Tricoloured Woodpecker. 

Picus tricolor, Wagl Isis (1829), p. 512. 
Centurus tricolor, Licht. Nomencl. p. 76. 
Centurus subelegans, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Orn. p. 411. 
Zebrapicus tricolor, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 247, t. 106. 
f. 1, 2. 

, b. Cayenne ? From Mr. Isaacson's Collection, 
c, d. New Granada, male and female. From M. Verreaux's 
Collection. 

5. ? CENTURUS RUBRIVENTRIS. The Red-bellied Woodpecker. 

Picus rubriventris, Sw. Tivo Cent, fy Quart, p. 335. 

Zebrapicus Swainsonii, Malh. 

Picus aurifrons, Sp. Proc. Z. 8. (1837) p. 116. 

Zebrapicus rubriventris. Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 248, 

1. 107. f. 1. 
Picus tricolor, p., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 55. 

, b. Venezuela, male and female. From M. Verreaux's 
Collection. 

6. CENTURUS HYPOPOLIUS. Wagler's Woodpecker. 
Picus hypopolius, Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 514. 



10 r 

Zebrapicus hypopolius, Malh. Mem. Acart.'Metz rl849), : ]^ :$rl ': 

id. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 228, t. 103. f. 8, 4. 5 
Centiirus hypopolius, Licht. Nomencl. p. 76. 

Hab. Mexico. 

7. CENTUBUS ELEGANS. The Elegant Woodpecker. 

Picus elegans, Sw. Phil. Mag. i. p. 439. 
Centiirus elegans, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 442. 
Zebrapicus elegans, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 301 ; id. 
Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 225, t. 102. f. 5, 6. 

a. Mexico, female. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

b. Mexico, male. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

c. Mexico, male. 

8. CENTUBUS SUPEBCILIABIS. The Cuba Woodpecker. 

Picus superciliaris, Temm. PL Col. 433. 
Colaptes superciliaris, Vig. Zool. Journ. iii. p. 445. 
Colaptes superciliosus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 446. 
Zebrapicus superciliaris, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 301 : 

id. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 223, t. 102. f. 1, 2. 
Centurus superciliaris, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 118. 
Picus subocularis, Less. Descr. des Ois. rec. decouv. (1847) p. 205. 

a. Cuba, male. From the Zoological Society's Collection. 

9. CENTUBUS GEBINII. Gerin's Woodpecker. 

Picus carolinus, var. D, Lath. 2nd. Orn. i. p. 231. 
Picus Gerinii, Temm. PL Col. text (P. superciliaris). 
Zebrapicus Gerinii, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 231. 
Centurus Pucherani, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 120. 
Picus aurifrons, Less. Rev. de Zool. (1839) p. 102. 
Zebrapicus Pucherani, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 542 ; id. 
Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 227, 1. 103. f. 1, 2, 3. 

a. Honduras? From Mr. Dyson's Collection. 

10. ? CENTUBUS AUBOCAPILLUS. The Golden-hooded 
Woodpecker. 

Picus aurocapillus, Vig. Proc. Z. S. (1832) p. 4. 
Picus aureocapillus, Gay, Hist. fa. de Chile, i. p. 375. 
Zebrapicus aurocapillus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 250. 

Hab. Mexico, 



SCANSORES. 

n.\;Cj<:xririiu.s STTUASUS. The Rayed Woodpecker. 

Picus striatus, Mull. Syst. Nat. Suppl. p. 91; Gmel. S. N. i. 

p. 427. 

Centurus striatus, G. E. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 442. 
Zebrapicus striatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 231, t. 107. 

f. 3, 4; Pl.Enl.2Sl. 

a-d. St. Domingo, males and females. From Mr. Cuming's 
Collection. 

e. St. Domingo, male. From the Zoological Society's Col- 
lection. 

12. CENTURUS RADIOLATUS. The Jamaica Woodpecker. 

Picus carolinus, p., Gmel. S. N. i. p. 431. 
Picus radiolatus, Wagl. Syst. Ac. 
Picus carolinus, var., Kuhl, PL Enl. 597. 
Picus larvatus, Temm. PI. Col. text (P. superciliaris). 
Centurus radiolatus, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 118. 
Zebrapicus radiolatus (variolosus!), Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. 
p. 238, t. 104. f. 5, 6. 

a. Jamaica, male. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 

b) c. Jamaica, male and female. From Mr. Gosse's Collection. 

13. CENTURUS ALBIFRONS. The White-fronted Woodpecker. 

Picus albifrons, 8w. Phil. Mag. 1827, p. 439. 
Picus capistratus, Licht. MS. 
Picus erythrophthalmus, Licht. Nomencl. p. 76. 
Picus carolinus, Cabot, App. of Steph. Trav. ii. p. 475. 
Picus dubius, Cabot, Bost. N. H. Journ. v. p. 91. 
Zebrapicus erythrophthalmus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 243, 
1. 105. f. 1, 2. 

, b. Honduras, male and female. From Mr. Dyson's Col- 
lection. 

14. ? CENTURUS SANTA CRUZI. The Santa Cruz Woodpecker. 

Centurus Santa Cruzi, Bp. Proc. Z. S. (1837) p. 116. 
Centurus flaviventris, Sw. Two Cent, fy Quart, p. 354. 
Picus gratelooipensis. Less. Rev. de Zool. (1839) p. 41. 
Picus chrysogenys, Vig. Zool. of Beechey's Voy. p. 24. 
Picus subelegans, Less. Descr.' d'Ois. rec. dec. (1847) p. 206. 
Centurus grateloupensis, Bp. Ateneo ltd. (1854) p. 



. PICIM2. 103 

Zebrapicus santa-cruzi, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 241, 1. 105. 
f. 4, 5. , 

a. Mexico, male. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

15. CENTURUS AURIFRONS. The Golden-fronted Woodpecker. 
Picus aurifrons, Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 512. 
Centurus subelegans, Up. Proc. Z. S. (1837) p. 109. 
Picus ornatus. Less. Rev. de Zool. (1839) p. 102. 
Centurus aurifrons, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 119. 
Centurus ornatus, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Orn. p. 410. 
Zebrapicus aurifrons, Malh. Monoqr. des Pic. ii. p. 240. t. 104. 
f.1,2,3. 

a. Mexico, male. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

16. CENTURUS POLYGRAMMUS. The Many-barred 
Woodpecker. 

Centurus polygrammus, Cab. Journ. (1863) p. 326. 
Picus polygrammus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 53. 

Hab. Mexico. 

2. CHLORONERPES. 

Chloronerpes, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 307 (1837). 

Chloropicos (div. 3), Malh. Mem. Acad, Metz (1849), p. 352. 

Lampropicus, Bp.^Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii (1861). 

Craugasus, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 157 (1863). 

Xiphidiopicus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. 1854, p. 

Dendrobates, Sw. Faun. Bor. Amer. p. 300 (1831). 

Eleopicus, p., Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. . 

Dendropicos, G. R. Or. List of Gen. B. (1855) p. 92. 

Campias, Cab. # //. Mus. Hem. iv. p. 145 (1863). 

Eleopicus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Crypturonerpes, Reichb. ? 

Phseonerpes, Cab. $ H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 139 (1863). 

Capnopicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 

Phseonerpes, p., Cab. fy H. 

Venilia, p., Bp. Consp. Av. p. 129 (1850). 

Venilia, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Erythronerpes, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. (1854). 

Callipicus, Bp. Ann. des Set. (1854) p. 129. 

a. CHLORONERPES. 

1. CHLORONERPES RUBIGINOSUS. The Rusty Woodpecker. 
Picus rubiginosus, Sw. Zool. Illustr. pi. 14. 



104 SCANSORES. 

Picus poliocephalus, Licht. 

Picus discolor, Hartl. 

Chrysoptilus (Chloronerpes) rubiginosus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. 

p. 308. 

Picus plumbiceps, Temm. 
Chrysopicus rubiginosus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 175, t. 89. 

f. 4, 5. 
Chloronerpes rubiginosus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 161, 

a, b. Cayenne, females. 

c. Brazil, female. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 
dj e. Trinidad, males. From the Zoological Society's Col- 
lection. 

2, CHLORONERPES -ERUGINOSUS. The Eruginous Woodpecker. 

Picus seruginosus, Licht. 

Chloronerpes rubiginosus !,6r. R. Gr. 8f M. Gen. of B. ii. pi. 110. 
Chloronerpes seruginosus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 22. 
Chrysopicus seruginosus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 171, t. 90. 

f. 1, 2. 

Chloronerpes yucatanensis, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1856) p. 307. 
Chrysopicus perspicillatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. t. 114. 

f.1,2? 

a. Mexico, male. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 
6, c. Cordova, male and female. From M. Salle's Collec- 
tion. 

3. CHLORONERPES YUCATANENSIS. The Yucatan Woodpecker. 

Picus yucatanensis, Cabot, Boston Journ. (1845) p. 91. 
Chloronerpes uropygialis, Cab. Journ. (1862) p. 321. 

Hob. Costa Hica, Mexico. 

4. CHLORONERPES CANIPILEUS. The Hoary-hooded 
Woodpecker. 

Picus canipileus, D'Orb. Voy. Amer. Merid. iv. p. 326, t. 63. f. 2. 
Picus perspicillatus, Licht. 

Picus (Gecinus) canipileus, Tsch. Consp. Av. Faun. Per. p. 43. 
Picus (Gecinus) rubiginosus, Tsch. Faun. Per. p. 43 & p. 268. 
Chrysoptilus cani|)ileu8, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p, 22. 
Chrysopicus canipileus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Colaptes canipileus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 415. 
Chloronerpes canipileus, Sclat. Cat. ofB.p. 339. 

a. Bogota, male. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

b. Bogota, female. From Mr. Argent's Collection, 



105 

c. Bogota, male. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

d. Caraccas ?, female. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 

e. New Granada, female. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

b. CEAUOASUS. 

5. CHLORONERPES FLAVTGITLA. The Yellow-headed 
Woodpecker. 

Picus flavigula, Bodd. TaU. des PL Enl. $c. p. 49; PL Enl. 784. 
Picus chlorocephalus, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 432. 
Picus icterocephalus, Lath. Ind. Orn. i. p. 241. 
Picus icterocephalus J , Spiv, Av. t. 54. f. 2. 
Chloronerpes icterocephalus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 144. 
Chloronerpes flavigula, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. iii. App. p. 22. 
Chloronerpes chlorocephalus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 116. 
Chrysopicus chlorocephalus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chloropicus chlorocephalus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 144, 

t. 86. f. 4, 5, 6. 

Chloronerpes flavigularis, Sclat. Cat. of B. p. 339. 
Craugasus flavigula, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 157. 

a. Rio Janeiro, male. Presented by K. H. W r ood, Esq. 

6. CHLORONERPES LEUCOL^MUS. The White-throated 
Woodpecker. 

Picus leucolsemus, Natt., Malh. Mem. Soc. Roy. Litge (1845), 

p. 68. 

Chloropicus Isidori, Malh. Rev. et Mag. de Zool. (1854) p. 154. 
Chrysopicus leucolaernus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chrysopicus Isidori, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chloropicus leucolsemus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 145, t. 85. 

f. 3, 4. 
Craugasus leucolaemus, Cab. fy II. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 160. 

Hab. Brazil, Bolivia. 

7. CHLORONERPES AURULENTUS. Azara's Woodpecker. 

Picus aurulentus. III., Temm. PI. Col. 59. f. 1. 

Picus maculipennis, Licht. 

Picus auratus, Vieill. N. Diet. d"H. N. xxvi. p. 70. 

Picus xanthotaenia, Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Picus subauratus, Drop. Diet. Class. d?H. N. xiii. p. 496. 

Chloronerpes aurulentus, C. xanthotsenia et C. maculipennis, 

G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 443. 
Chloropicos aurulentus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 352. 



106 SCANSORES. 

Chrysopicus aurulentus et C. maculipennis. Bp. Ateneo Ital. 

(1854) p. . 
Chloropicus aurulentus. Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 137, t. 84. 

f. 4, 5. 
Craugasus auratus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 158. 

a, b. Brazil, males. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 
Cj d. Brazil, male and female. From. M. Verreaux's Col- 
lection. 

8. CHLORONERPES ERYTHROPIS. The Red-throated 
Woodpecker. 

Picus icterocephalus, var., Lath. Ind. Orn. Suppl. p. xxxi. 
Picus icterocephalus c?, 8pix, Av. Bras. t. 54. f. 1, J. 
Picus erythropis, Vieill N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 98. 
Picus erythrops, Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Chloronerpes erythrops, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 443. 
Chrysopicus erythropsis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chloronerpes icterocephalus, Burm. Syst. Uebers. ii. p. 228. 
Chloropicus erythropsis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 143, t. 87. 

f. 1, 2, 

Chloronerpes erythropis, Sclat. Cat. of B. p. 338. 
Craugasus erythropes, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 158. 
Picus erythropes, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 12. 

a. Brazil, male. 

b. Brazil, female. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

c-d. PernambucOj male and female. From M. Verreaux's 
Collection. 

9. CHLORONERPES CALLOPTERUS. The Beautiful-winged 

Woodpecker. 

Chloronerpes callopterus, Lawr. Ann. Lye. N. Y. vii. p. 22. 
Craugasus callopterus, Cab. fy If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 159. 
Picus callopterus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 12. 

Hab. Panama. 

10. CHLORONERPES CHRYSOCHLORUS. The Golden-Green 

Woodpecker. 

Picus chrysochlorus, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 98. 
Picus brasiliensis, $w. Zool. Illustr. pi. 20. 
Picus macrocephalus, Spix, Av. Bras. t. 53. f. 2. 
Picus aurulentus, p., Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Chrysoptilus (Chloronerpes) macrocephalus, Sw. Classif. of B, 
ii. p. 308, 



PICIDJE. 107 

Chloronerpes aurulentus, p., G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 443. 
Chloropicus aurulentus, p,, Malh. Mem, Acad. Metz (1849), 

p. 352. 

Chrysopicus brasiliensis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chloronerpes brasiliensis, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 351. 
Chloropicus chrysochlorus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. 141, t, 84. 

f. 1, 2. 
Craugasus chrysochlorus, Cab. fy. H. Mus. Hem. iv. p. 159. 

a. Bogota, male. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

11. CHLORONERPES CAPISTRATUS. The Hooded 
Woodpecker. 

Picus polyzonus, Ternm., Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Picus capistratus, Natt. 

Chloronerpes potyzonus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 443. 

Chloropicus capistratus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 140, t. 83. 

f. 4. 5. 

Chrysopicus capistratus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Craugasus capistratus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 160. 

a. Brazil, female. From. Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

12. CHLORONERPES POLYZONUS. The Many-striped 
Woodpecker. 

Picus polyzonus, Temm., Vaknc. Diet. Sci. N. xl. p. 170. 
Chloronerpes polyzonus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 443. 
Chrysopicus polyzonus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chloropicus polyzonus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 136. t. 83. 

f. 1, 2. 
Craugasus polyzonus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 159. 

a. Brazil, female. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 



c. XIPHIDIOPICUS. 

13. CHLORONERPES PERCUSSUS. The Striking Woodpecker. 

Picus percussus, Temm. PI Col 390, 424. 

Picus Ruppellii, Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Dendrobates percussus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 437. 

Chloropicos percussus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 352. 

Chloronerpes percussus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 118. 

Xiphidiopicus percussus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 



108 SCANSORES. 

Chloropicus percussus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 147, t. 84. 

f 1 9 
1. 1, J. 

Hub. Cuba. 

d. DENDROBATES. 

14. CHLORONERPES MACULIFRONS. The Spotted-fronted 
Woodpecker. 

Picusaffinis, Sw. Zool. III. p. 78 (nee pi.). 

Mesopicus affinis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. t. 61. f. 6, 7. 

Picus (Dendrobates) affinis, Sw. Faun. B.-Am. p. 301. 

Picus maculifrons, Spix, Av. Br. t. 56. 1. 

Veniliornis (Eleopicus) affinis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Dendrobates maculifrons, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 437. 

Chloronerpes affinis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 443. 

Campias maculifrons, Cab. fy If. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 148.^ 

Dendropicus affinis, G. E. Gr. List of Gen. (1855) p. 92. 

a-c. Brazil. Presented by M. Claussen. 
d-f. Brazil. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 
e. Brazil. 



15. CHLORONERPES ALBIPES. The White-footed Woodpecker. 
Picus albipes, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 37. 
Hob. Rio Janeiro. 

16. CHLORONERPES AFFINIS. The Allied Brazilian 

Woodpecker. 

Picus affinis J , Sw. HI Zool. ii. pi. 78 ; Wagl. Sysi. Av. 
Chloronerpes affinis, p., G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 443. 
? Dendrobates passerinus, Hartl. Ind. Azarce, p. 17. 
Veniliornis (Eleopicus) affinis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Campias affinis, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 151. 

Hob. Brazil. 

17. CHLORONERPES SELYSII. Selys's Woodpecker. 

Mesopicus Selysii, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. t. 62. f. 1, 2. 
Chloronerpes Selysii, Sclat. Cat. of B. p. 337. 
Picus Selysii, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 38. 
Campias affinis, p., Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. p. 151. 

a } b. Brazil, females. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 



PICIDJE. 109 

18. CHLOBONEBPES H^EMATOSTIGMA. The Blood-marked 

Woodpecker. 

Picus hsematostigma, Natt., Cab. Fauna Per. p. 226. 
Mesopicus hsematostigma, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 72, t. 61. 

f. 2, 3, 4, 5. 

Chloronerpes hsematostigma, Sclat. Cat. of B. p. 338. 
Campias ruficeps, p., Cab. fy H. Mus. Hem. p. 153. 

a. Rio Napo. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

I 

19. CHLOBONEBPES HILABIS. The Cheerful Woodpecker. 

Picus passerinus, Tsch. Consp. Av. Faun. Per. p. 43. 

Picus hilaris et 

Chloronerpes hilaris, Cab. 8f H. 

Campias hilaris, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 154. 

Hab. Peru. 

20. CHLOBONEBPES BUFICEPS. The Brazilian Red-headed 

Woodpecker. 

Picus ruficeps, Spix, Av. JBras. t. 63. f. 2, 3. 
Campias runceps, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 153. 

Hab. North Brazil. 

21. CHLOBONEBPES SEDULUS. The Sedulous Woodpecker. 

? Picus passerinus, Vieill. Ois. Am. Sept. ii. p. 51, 1. 115. 

Picus sedulus et 

Chloronerpes sedulus, Cab. fy H. 

Campias sedulus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. p. 153. 

a. Cayenne. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

22. CHLOBONEBPES CASSINI. Cassin's Woodpecker. 

Mesopicus Cassini, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 55, t. 58. f. 2, 3. 
Campias Cassini, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 149, 
Picus Cassinii, Sundev. Consp. Av. p. 39. 

a. Brazil. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

23. CHLOBONEBPES KIBTLANDII. Kirtland's Woodpecker. 

Mesopicus Kirtlandi, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 54 r t.58. f. 1. 
Campias Kirtlandi, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 150. 
Picus Kirtlandi, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 39. 

Hab. Brazil. 



110 SCANSORES. 

24. CHLORONERPES TEPHRODOPS. The Ashy-faced 

Woodpecker. 
Picus senegalensis, Mull. Syst. Nat. Suppl. p. 91 ; Gmel. S. N. 

i.-p. 430; PL Enl. 345. f. 2. 
Picus tephrodops, Wagl. Syst, Av. 
Picus striolatus, Less. Tr. d* Orn. p. 226. 
Dendrobates senegalensis, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 437. 
Mesopicos passerinus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 341. 
Veniliornis (Eleopicus) tephrodops. Pr. B. Ateneo Ital. (1854) 

P- ./ 
Mesopicus passerinus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 59. t. 62. 

f. 4, 5. 
Campias tephrodops, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 145. 

a. Brazil, male. From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

b. Berbice, male. Presented by Mrs. Atkins. 

c. Cayenne, male. From M. Yerreaux's Collection. 

25. CHLORONERPES T^ENIONOTUS. The Brazilian-banded 

Woodpecker. 
Picus et Chloronerpes taenionotus, JReichb. Handb. Spec. Orn 

pp. 337, 345. 

Mesopicus teenionotus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 59. 
Campias taenionotus, Cab. Sf H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 150. 

Hob. Brazil. 

26. CHLORONERPES AGILIS. The Active Woodpecker. 
Picus agilis et 

Chloronerpes agilis, Cab. fy H. 
Campias agilis, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 147. 

Hob. RioNapo. 

27. CHLORONERPES SPILOOASTER. The Scaly-bellied 

Woodpecker. 

? Picus squamosus, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 74. 
Picus spilogaster, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Chloronerpes spilogaster et squamosus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. 

ii. p. 443. 

? Picus passerinus, Licht. Verz. Doubl. M. B. p. 10. 
Mesopicus spilogaster, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 62. 
Picus adspersuSj Natt. 

Veniliornis (Eleopicus) adspersus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. . 
Chloronerpes ruficeps, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 353. 
Mesopicus adspersus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 64, t. 60. 

Chloronerpes adspersus, Sclat. Cat. of B. p. 337. 



Ill 

Campias spilogaster, Cab. Sf H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 156. 
Hob. South Brazil. 

28. CHLORONERPES MUBINUS. The Marine Woodpecker. 

Picus murinus, Natt., Malh. Mem. Soc. Roy. Liege (1845), p. 67. 
Veniliornis (Eleopicus) murinus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Mesopicus murinus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 62. t. 58. 

f. 5,6, 7. 
Campias murinus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein.iv. p, 151. 

Hob. Brazil. 

29. CHLORONERPES NIGRICEPS. Malherb's Green 

Woodpecker. 

Picus nigriceps, D'Orb. 8f Lafr. Voy. dam VAm. M. t. 65. f. 2. 
Veniliornis (Eleopicus) nigriceps, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. . 
Colaptes nigriceps, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 417. 
Mesopicus nigriceps, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 68, t. 59. 

f. 1, 2. 

Chloronerpes Malherbei, Sclat. Cat. of B. p. 338. 
Campias Malherbei, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 155. 

Hab. Bolivia. 

30. CHLORONERPES PASSERINUS. The Passerine 

Woodpecker. 

Picus passerinus, Linn. S. N.i. p. 174. 

Dendrobates passerinus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 437. 

Chloronerpes passerinus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 117. 

Veniliornis (Eleopicus) passerinus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. . 

? Campias passerinus, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 147, 

Hab. St. Domingo or Island of Dominica. 



e. ELEOPICUS. 

31. CHLORONERPES OLIVINUS. The Brazilian Olive 
Woodpecker. 

Picus olivinus, Natt., Malh. Mem. Soc. Roy. Liege (1845), p. 67. 
Veniliornis (Eleopicus) olivinus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. . 
Eleopicus olivinus, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. (1855) p. 92. 
Mesopicus olivinus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 65, t. 60. f. 4 ; 5. 
Phaeonerpes olivinus, Cab. H. Mus. Hein. iv, p. 140, 

Hab. Brazil. 

L2 



112 SCANSOBES. 

32. CHLOBONEBPES REICHENBACHI. Reichenbach's 
Woodpecker. 

Crypturonerpes, sp., Reichb. 

Picus Reichenbachi, Cab. 8f H. 

Phaeonerpes Reichenbachi, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 141. 

Picus rubidus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 35. 

Hob. Caraccas. 

33. CHLOBONEBPES SANGUINOLENTUS. The Honduras 
Red Woodpecker. 

Chloronerpes sanguinolentus, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1860) p. 61, 

pi. 151. 
Mesopicus sanguinolentus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 76. 

t. 43 bis. f. 6. 

? Phaeonerpes sanguinolentus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 141. 
Picus sanguinolentus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 35. 

Hab. Honduras. 

f. CAPNOPICUS. 
34. CHLOBONEBPES FUMIGATUS. The Smoky Woodpecker. 

Picus fumigatus, Lafr. $ d'Orb. Voy. dans V Am. M. t. 65. f. 1. 
Mesopicos fumigatus, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 341. 
Dendrobates fumigatus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of S. iii. App. p. 21. 
Chloronerpes fumigatus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 118. 
Capnopicus fumigatus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Chloronerpes (Phaionerpes) funrigatus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. 

Orn. p. 356. 
Mesopicus fumigatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 51, t. 57. 

I. o, 4, . 

Phaeonerpes fumigatus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 139. 

a. Bogota. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 

b. Quito ! From Mr. Gould's Collection. 

c. South America, male. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

35. CHLOBONEBPES OLEAGINUS. The Olive-coloured 
Woodpecker. 

Picus oleaginus, Licht. Preisverz. Mex. Thier. ges. v. Deppe und 
Schiede (1830), p. 1; id. Journ.fur Orn. (1863) p. 55. 

Capnopicus oleaginus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Chloronerpes (Phaionerpes) oleagineus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. 
Orn. p. 356. 

Chloronerpes oleagineus, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1856) p. 307. 



113 

Mesopicus oleaginus, Malh. Monogr, des Pic. ii. p. 53, t. 57. 

f. 6, 7. 
Phaeonerpes oleagineus, Cab. 8f H. Mus. Hein. p. 140. 

a, b. Orizaba, male and female. From M. Sally's Collection. 

36. CHLOBONEBPES CABOTI. Cabot's Woodpecker. 

? Chloronerpes oleagineus, Sclat. fy Salv. Ibis (I860), p. 400. 
Mesopicus Caboti, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 53, t. 57. f. 1. 
? Chloronerpes Caboti, Sclat. Cat. ofB. p. 337. 
Phaeonerpes Caboti, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 139. 
Picus Caboti, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 35. 

a. Guatemala, male. From Mr. Salvin's Collection. 



g. ERYTRRONERPES. 

37. CHLOBONEBPES SANGUINEUS. The Sanguineous 
Woodpecker. 

Picus sanguineus, Lickt. Cat. Hamb. p. 17. 

Picus rubescens, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxvi. p. 90 ? 

Chloronerpes sanguineus, Hartl. Verz. Mus. Brem. p. 92. 

Mesopicos sanguineus, Malh. Mem.Acad. Metz (1849), p. 

Dendrobates sanguineus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 21. 

Venilia Albertuli, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 129. 

Veniliornis (Venilia) sanguineus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Chloronerpes (Erythronerpes) sanguineus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. 

Orn. p. 337. 
Mesopicus sanguineus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 74, t. tX). 

f. 4, 5. 
Erythronerpes sanguineus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. p. 143. 

a. Honduras? 

38. CHLOBONEBPES KIBZII. Kirk's Woodpecker. 

Chloropicos Kirkii, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1845) p. 400. 
Chloronerpes Kirkii, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 443. 
Mesopicos Kirkii, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849) p. 341. 
Chrysoptilus Kirkii, Jard. Ann. Nat. Hist. xx. p. 333. 
Veniliornis (Venilia) Kirkii, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Mesopicus Kirkii, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 70, t. 59. f. 7, 8. 
Erythronerpes Kirki, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 144. 
Picus Kirkii, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 36. 

a. Tobago ?, male. From Mr. Isaacson's Collection. 

L3 



114 SCANSORES. 

39. CHLORONERPES CECILII. Cecil's Woodpecker. 

Mesopicos Cecilii, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 538. 

Chloronerpes Cecilii, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 117. 

Yeniliornis (Venilia) Cecili, Bp.-Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Chloronerpes Cecilise, Sclat. Cat. ofB. p. 338. 

Mesopicus Cecilise, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 71, t. 60. f. 1, 2. 

Erythronerpes Cecilise, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hem. p. 143. 

Picus Cecilise, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 36. 

a. New Granada, female. From Mr. Steven's Collection. 



h. CALLIPICUS. 

40. CHLORONERPES CALLONOTUS. The Eed-and- White 
Woodpecker. 

Picus callonotus, Waterh. Proc. Z. S. (1840) p. 182; Malh. 

Monogr. des Pic. p. 129, t. 30. f. 1, 2. 
Picus (Chloronerpes) cardinalis, Less. Echo (1849), p. 920. 
Dendrobates callonotus, G. It. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 437. 
Venilia callonota, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 129. 
Callipicus callonotus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Erythronerpes callonotus, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 430. 
Chloronerpes callonotus, Sclat. Pr. Z. S. (I860) p. 286. 
Erythronerpes callonotus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 142. 

a, b. Puna. Presented by G. Barclay, Esq. 

c. Guayaquil. Presented by G. Barclay, Esq. 

d. ? From the Zoological Society's Collection. 



3. MELANEEPES. 

Melanerpes, Sw. Classif. ofB. ii. p. 310 (1837). 

Melampicos (div. 3), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 363. 

Melanopicos, Malh. 

Asyndesmus, Coues. 

Cladoscopus, Cab. $ H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 82 (1863). 

Xenopicus, Baird, Hep. ExpL fy Surv. Mississ. Pacif. Railr. 

Rout. ix. 2. B. p. 96. 

Xenocrangus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hem. iv. p. 74 (1863). 
Linnseipicus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. xlviii. 
Linneipicus, Bp.^ Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii. 
Linnseipicus, Bp< Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 
Melampicos (div. 2), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 365. 
Tripsurus, Sw. Classif. ofB. ii. p. 311 (1837). 



PICIDJE. 115 

Melampicos (div.l), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 364. 
Meropicus, Bp.j Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii (1854). 



a. MELANERPES. 

1. MELANERPES ERYTHROCEPHALTJS. The Red-headed 
Woodpecker. 

Picus erythrocephalus, Linn. S. N. i. p. 174. 

Picus obscurus, Gmel. S. N. i. p. 429. 

Melanerpes erythrocephalus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 310. 

Melampicos erythrocephalus, Malh. N. CL Mem. Acad. Metz 

(1849), p. 365. 
Melampicus erythrocephalus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 210, 

t.97. f. 1,2, 3. 

a. North America. Presented by Odo Russell, Esq. 
6, c. North America. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

d. North America. Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 

e, /. North America, males. From M. Verreaux's Col- 

lection. 

2. MELANERPES PORTORICENSIS. The Porto Rica 

Woodpecker. 

Picus portoricensis, Daud. Ann. Mus. ii. p. 285, t. 61. 
Picus rubidicollis, Vieitt. Ois. Amer. Sept. t. 117. 
Melanerpes rubidicollis, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 444. 
Melampicus portoricensis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 205, t. 97. 
f. 5, 6. 

Hob. Porto Rica. 

3. MELANERPES FLAVIGULA. The Yellow-necked 

Woodpecker. 
Picus flavigula, Natt. 

Melampicos flavigula, Malh. Eev. et Mag. de Zool. (1849) p. 542. 
Melanerpes forrnicivorus, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 115. 
Melanerpes flavigula, Sclat. 

Melanerpes flavi^ularis, Sclat. Pr. Z. S. (1856) p. 307. 
Melanerpes formicivorus ?, pt., Baird. 

Melampicus flavigula, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 202, t. 99. 
f. 5,6. 

a, b. Bogota, male and female. From Mr. Argent's Col- 
lection. 
c. Bogota. 



116 SCANSORES. 

4. MELANERPES FORMICIVORUS. The Ant-eating 
Woodpecker. 

Picus formicivorus, Sw. Phil. Mag. i. p. 439. 
Picus melanopogon, Licht. PL Col. 451. 
Melanerpes formicivorus, Bp. Pr. Z. S. (1837) p. 109. 
Melampicos melanopogon, Malh. Rev. et Mag. (1849) p. 542. 
Melanerpes melanopogon, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 115. 
Melampicus formicivorus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 199. 
t. 99. f. 1, 2, 3. 

a. Mexico, female. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

b, c. Mexico, male and female. Presented by J. Taylor, 

Esq. 

d. Mexico, male. From Mr. Cuming's Collection. 

5. MELANERPES XANTHOLARYNX. The Yellow-throated 
Woodpecker. 

Melanerpes xantholarynx, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Orn. p. 384. 
Melampicus xantholarynx, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 204, 
t. 100. f. 6. 

Hob. ? 

b. ASYNDESMUS. 

6. MELANERPES TORQUATUS. Lewis's Woodpecker. 

Picus torquatus, Wils. Amer. Orn. pi. 20. f. 3. 

Picus montanus, Ord, in Guthrie's Geogr. ii. p. 316. 

Picus Lewisii, Drap. 

Melanerpes torquatus, Siv. Classif. of B. ii. p. 310. 

Melampicos torquatus, Malh. N. Cl. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), 

p. 365. 
Melampicus torquatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p, 214, t. 96. 

f. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. 
Asyndesmus torquatus, Coues. 

a-d. West side of Rocky Mountains, male and female. 
Presented by J. K. Lord, Esq. 

e. Columbia River. Presented by Mr. Barclay. 

/. San Sacramento. Presented by Capt. Sir E. Belcher, 
R.N. 

c. CLADOSCOPUS. 

7. MELANERPES WILLIAMSONI. Williamson's Woodpecker. 

Picus Williamsonii, Newb. Z. Calif orn. fy Or eg. Rout. p. 89. 
Melanerpes rubrigularis, Sclat. Proc. Z. S. (1858) p. 2, pi. 131. 



117 

Sphyrapicus Williamsonii, Baird, B. of N. Am. p. 105, pi. 34. 

f. 1 ; Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. 163, t. 36. f. 4. 
Cladoscopus Williainsoni, Cab. fy H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 82. 

a. California, male. From Mr. Cuniing's Collection. 



d. XENOCKANGUS. 

3. MELANEBPES ALBOLABVATUS. The White-masked 
Woodpecker. 

Leuconerpes albolarvatus, Cass. Proc. Ac. Phil. (1850) p. 106. 
Melanerpes albolarvatus, Cass. Journ. Ac. Phil. (1853) p. 257. 

pi. 22. 
Picus albolarvatus, Baird, Rep. Expl. fy Surv. Mississ. Pacific 

Railr. p. 96. 
Picus (Xenopicus) albolarvatus, Baird, Rep. Expl. fy Surv. 

Mississ. Pacif. Railr. Rout ix. 2. B. p. 96. 
Xenopicus albolarvatus, Malh. Monor/r. des Pic. ii. p. 221. 
Melampicus albolarvatus, Malh. Monoar. des Pic. t. 101. f. 1, 4. 
Xenocrangus albolarvatus, Cab. fy H. Mus. Hein. iv. p. 74. 

a-d. West side of Rocky Mountains, males and females. 

Presented by J. K. Lord, Esq. 
e, f. California, male and female. From Mr. Cuming's 

Collection. 

e. LINNEIPICUS. 

9. MELANEBPES HEBMTNTEBI. Herminier's Woodpecker. 

Picus Herminieri, Less. Tr. cFOrn. p. 228. 

Melanerpes Herminieri, Bp. Comp. Av. p. 515. 

Melainpicos Herminieri, Malh. N. Cl. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), 

p. 365. 

Linneipicus Herminieri, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii. 
Melampicus Herminieri, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 198. 

t. 100. f. 1. 

Hob. Guadeloupe. 

f. TBIPSURUS. 

10. MELANEBPES PLAVIFBONS. The Yellow-fronted 
Woodpecker. 

Picus coronatus, Licht. Verz. Doubt, p. 10. 

Picus flavifrons, Vieill. N. Diet. d'H. N. xxii. p. 75. 

Picus rubriventris, Vieill. Gal. des Ois. t. 27. 



118 SCANSOBES, 

Picas rufiventris, Drap. Class, d'If. N. xiiL p. 507. 

Picus erythrogaster^ Beckl. N. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. (1829) 

p. 377. 

Tripsurus flavifrons, Sw. Classif. ofB. ii. p, 311. 
Centurus flavifrons, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 442. 
Centurus coronatus, Hartl. Syst. Ind. Azara's Apunt. p. 16. 
Melampicos flavifrons, Malh. N. Cl. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849). 

p. 364. 

Melanerpes flavifrons, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 116. 
Phymatoblepharus flavifrons, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Ofn. p. 380. 
Melampicus flavifrons, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 207, t. 100. 

f.2,3,4. 

, b. Brazil* Presented by Lord Stuart de Rothsay. 
c, d. Brazil, male and female. From M. Verreaux's Col- 
lection. 



1L MELANEBPES BtTBBiFiioNS, The Red-fronted 
Woodpecker. 

]?icus rubrifrons, Spix, Av. Bras. t. 55. f. 1, 2. 

Picus hirundinaceus, Valenc. Diet. Sc. Nat. xl. p. 172. 

Picus hirundinaceus, J 9 Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Centurus rubrifrons, G. R. Gr. Gen. ofB. ii. p. 442. 

Melanerpes rubrifrons, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 116. 

Tripsurus rubrifrons, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Phymatoblepharus rubrifrons, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Orn. p. 380. 

Melampicus rubrifrons^ Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 196, t. 98. 

f.1,2,3. 

Picus melanocephalus, Natt. MS. 
Melampicos melanocephalus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 196. 

a. Brazil. 

by c. New Granada, male and female. From M. Verreaux's 
Collection. 

12. MELANERPES CRUENTATUS. The Red-crowned 
Woodpecker. 

Picus cruentatus, Bodd. Tabl. des PI Enl. p. 43; PI. Enl, 694.2. 
Picus hirundinaceus, Gm. S. N. i. p. 426. 
Picus occipitalis, Cuv., Valenc. Diet. Sc. Nat. xl. p. 172. 
Picus saucius, III. MS. 
Picus ischnorhynchos, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Centurus hirundinaceus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 442. 
Melampicos hirundinaceus, Malh. N. Cl. Mem. Acad. Metz 
(1849), p. 364. 



119 

Melanerpes hirundinaceus, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 116. 

Tripsurus hirundinaceus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Melanerpes cruentatus, Sclat. 

Phymatoblepharus hirundinaceus, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Orn. 

p. 379. 
Phymatoblepharus ischnorhynchos, Reichb. Handb. &p. Orn. 

p. 379. 
Melampicus hirundinaceus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii, p. 192, 

t. 98. f. 4, 5, 6, 7. 

a. Brazil. 

b, c. New Granada. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

13. ? MELANERPES MEROPIROSTRIS. The Long-Slender-billed 
Woodpecker. 

Picus meropirostris, Wagl. Syst. Av. 

Melanerpes meropirostris, Bp. Proc. Z. S. (1837) p. 120. 

Tripsurus meropirostris, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 

Melampicus meropirostris, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 197. 

Picus hirundinaceus, p., Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 50, 

Hob. S ta Fe de Bogota. 

4. LEUCONERPES. 

Leuconerpes, Siv. Classif. of B. ii. p. 310 (1837). 
Columbpicos, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii (1849). 
Colombipicus, StricU. (1851). 
Phymatoblepharus, Reich. 

1. LEUCONERPES DO^IINICANUS. The Black-and- White 
Woodpecker. 

Picus dominicanus, Vieill. N. Diet. (PH. N. xxvi. p. 72. 

Picus candidus. Otto, in Buff, ilbers. xii. t. 23. 

Picus bicolor, Sw. Zool. Illmtr. pi. 38. 

Picus melanopterus, Max. Besch. Reise nach Bras. i. p. 165. 

Leuconerpes candidus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 310. 

Leuconerpes dominicanus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 444. 

Melampicos dominicanus, Malh. N. Cl. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), 

p. 366. 

Phymatoblepharus candidus, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Orn. p. 379. 
Melampicus dominicanus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 217. 

t. 101. f. 1,2. 

a. Brazil. 

b, c. Brazil. Presented by Lord Stuart de Rothsay. 
d. Bolivia, female. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 



120 SCANSORES. 

vi. COLAPTINM. 

1. COLAPTES. 

Colaptes, Sw. Zool. Journ. (1827) iii. p. 353. 
Geopicos, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 358. 
Cucupicus, Less. Man. tfOrn. ii. p. 116 (1828). 
Pituipicus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 
Hypoxanthus, Bp. Ann. des Sci. (1854) p. 129. 
Geocolaptes, JBurch. (1831) Trav. S. Afr. p. 
Geopicos (div. 2), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 359. 
Agripicus, Malh. 

a. COLAPTES. 

1. COLAPTES AUBATUS. The Golden-winged Woodpecker. 
Picus auratus, Linn. S. N. i. p. 174 (xiii. edit.). 
Cuculus auratus, Linn. S. N. (x. edit.). 
Cucupicus auratus, Less. Man. tfOrn. ii. p. 116. 
Colaptes auratus, Sw. fy Rich. Faun. Bor.-Amer. ii. p. 314. 
Geopicos auratus, Malh. N. Class. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), 

p. 359. 

Geopicus auratus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 256, t. 109. 
f. 5, 6. 

a. Arctic America. Presented by J. Rae, Esq. 
6, c. North America. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

d. Arctic Land Expedition. Presented by Capt. Sir G. 

Back, R.N. 

e. North America. 

2. COLAPTES AYBESII. Ayres's Woodpecker. 
Colaptes Ayresii, Audub. B. of Amer. pi. 494. 
Picus Ayresi, Dekay, N. H. of New York, p. 194. 
Centurus Ayresii, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 413. 
Geopicus Ayresii, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 260. 
Colaptes hybridus, Baird. 

Picus hybridus, aurato-mexicanus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 72. 
a. British Columbia. Presented by the Secretary of State 
for the Colonies. 

3. COLAPTES CHBYSOIDES. The Californian Golden-winged 
Woodpecker. 

Geopicus chrysoides, Malh. Rev. et Mag. de Zool. (1852) p. 553 ; 

id. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 261, t. 109. f . 4, $ . 
Colaptes chrysoides, Bp. Ateneo Ital, (1854) p. 



121 

Centurus chrysoides, Reichb. Hanclb. Spec. Orn. p, 413. 

Colaptes hybridus ?, pt., Baird. 

? Picus chrysoides, Sunaev. Consp. Pic. p. 72. 

Hob. Mexico. 

4. COLAPTES MEXICANUS. The Mexican Woodpecker. 

Colaptes mexicanus, Sw. Phil. Mag. (1827) p. 440, 
Picus Lathami, Wagl. Syst. Av. 
Colaptes collaris, Vig. Zool. Joujn. iv, p. 354. 
Picus rubricatus, Licht. 

Colaptes rubricatus, Bp. Proc. Z. 8. (1837) p. 109. 
Picus rubricatus, Wayl. Isis (1829), p. 516. 
Picus mexicanus, Aud. B. of Amer. pi. 4J.6, f, 5, 
Picus cafer, Gmel S. N. i. p. 431. 

Geopicus mexicanus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ij. p. 263, t. 110. 
f. 4, 5. 

a. Mexico ?, female. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

b. Mexico ?, male. From Mr. Mann's Collection. 

c. Mexico, male. Presented by the Hon. Mrs. Denham. 

dj e, West side of Rocky Mountains, male and female. Pre- 
sented by J. K. Lord, Esq. 

/, g. Vancouver's Island, males. Presented by Dr. Lyall, 
R.N. 

h. Vancouver's Island, male. Presented by J. K. Lord, Esq. 

e,,/. St. Juan, male and female. Presented by Dr. Lyall, R.N. 

k. Orcas Island, male. Presented by Dr. Lyall, R.N, 

/, 772. Behring's Straits, male and young. Presented by 
Capt. Kellett, R.N., and Commander Wood, R.N. 

n. San Francisco., Presented by Capt. Sir E. Belcher, R.N. 

5. COLAPTES MEXICANOIDES. The Bay-headed Woodpecker. 

Picus rubricatus, $, Wagl. Isis (1829), p. 516. 

Colaptes mexicanoides, Lafr. Rev. de Zool. (1844) p. 42. 

Colaptes rubricatus, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 446, pi. 111. 

Colaptes collaris, Bp. Consp. Av. p. 114. 

Geopicus mexicanoides, Malh. N. Class. Mem. Acad. Jtfete(1849), 

p. 359. 
Geopicus rubricatus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 265, t. 110. 

f. 1, 2. 
Picus submexicanus, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 72. 

a. Mexico, male. From Mr. Leadbeater's Collection. 

b. Mexico. 



122 SCANSORES. 

6. COLAPTES RTTPICOLA. The Eock Woodpecker. 

Colaptes rupicola, Lafr. fy D'Orb. Voy. Amer. Mer. t. 62. f. 1. 
Picus puna, Licht. MS. 

Colaptes cinereicapillus, Reichb. Handb. Sp. Orn. p. 416. 
Geopicus rupicola, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 270, 1. 113. f. 1, 2. 
Picus rupicola, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 78. 

a, b. Bolivia, male and female. From Mr. Brydges's Col- 
lection. 

7. COLAPTES FERNANDIN^:. The Cuban Woodpecker. 

Colaptes Fernandinse, Vig. Zool. Journ. (1827) p. 445. 
Colaptes Fernandina, Denny, Proc. Z. S. (1847) . 39. 
Picus Fernandinse, Waal. Isis (1829), p. 517. 
Gepjricos FernandiniB, Malh. N. Class. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849). 

p. 359. 

Colaptes Fernandise, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 415. 
Geopicus Fernandinse, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 273. t. 113. 

f. 4, 6. 
Picus Fernandi, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 78. 

a. Cuba. From the Zoological Society's Collection. 

b. PITUIPICUS. 
8. COLAPTES CHILENSIS. The Chilian Woodpecker. 

Picus pitui, Gmel S. N. i. p. 432. 
Picus chilensis, Garn. fy Less. Voy. Coqu. t. 32. 
Picus cuculinus et cuculoides, Licht. 
Colaptes pitiguus, Bridges, Proc. Z. S. (1843) p. 114. 
Colaptespituius, J3p. Consp. Av. p. 114. 
Colaptes chilensis ; Vig. Proc. Z. S. (1841) p. 94. 
Picus pituis, Mol H. N. Chili, p. 322 ? 
Pituipicus chilensis, Up. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. . 
Pituipicus pitiguus, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. (1855) p. 94. 
Geopicus chilensis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 269, t. 111. 
f. 4, 5. 

a. Chili. 

b. Chili, female. From M. Verreaux's Collection. 

c. HTPOXANTHUS. 

9. COLAPTES KIVOLII. Eivoli's Woodpecker. 
Picus Kivolii, Boiss. Rev. de Zool. (1840) p. 36. 



PICIDJE. 123 

Picus elegans, Pros. Proc. Z. S. (1840) p. 60. 
Colaptes elegans, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 446. 
Colaptes hypoxanthus, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1845) p. 198. 
Geopicos Rivolii, Malh. N. Class. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), 

p. 359. 

Colaptes Rivolii, J?/. Cat. of B. p. 61. 
Hypoxantlius Rivolii, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Geopicus Rivolii, Malh.Monogr. desPic. ii. p. 267, 1. 112. f. 1,2,3. 

a-c. S ta Fe de Bogota, male and females. From Mr. Lead- 
beater's Collection. 

d. New Granada. Presented by E. Wilson, Esq. 

d. GEOCOLAPTES. 
10. COLAPTES OLIVACEUS. The Crimson-breasted Woodpecker. 

Picus olivaceus, Lath. Ind. Orn. i. p. 242. 
Picus arator, Cuv. Reg. Anim. i. p. 452. 
Geocolaptes terrestris, Burch. Trav. S. Afr. 
Geocolaptes olivaceus, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. (1840) p. 55. 
Colaptes olivaceus, Steph. Gen. Zool. xiv. p. 171. 
Geopicos arator, Malh. N. Class. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849),p. 359. 
Geocolaptes arator, Bp. Comp. Av. p. 113. 
Geopicus arator, Malh. Monogr. desPic. ii. p. 274, t. 111. f. 1,2. 
, b. Cape of Good Hope. From Mr. Argent's Collection. 

c. Cape of Good Hope. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

d. Cape of Good Hope, male. From M. Verreaux's Col- 

lection. 

2. MEIGLYPTES. 

Meiglyptes, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. p. 309 (1837). 
Miglyptes, StricU. (1851). 

Phaiopicos (div. 2), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 338. 
Stugnopicus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. p. liii (1863). 
Micropternus, Bl. Journ. As. Soc. Beng. (1845) p. 194. 
Phaiopicos (div. 1), Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 3:37. 
PhsBopicus, StricU. (1851). 
Meiglyptes, p., G. R. Gr. 
Phaiopicus, Bp. (1850). 

a. MEIGLYPTES. 

1. MEIGLYPTES TRISTIS. The Streaked-crowned 
Woodpecker. 

Picus tristis, Horsf. Linn. Trans, xiii. pp. 177, 290. 



124 SCANSORES. 

Picus poicilophus, Temm. PI. Col. 197. f. 1. 

Picus poicilolophus, Wdgl. Syst. Av. 

Malacoloplms (Meiglyptes) poicilophus, Sw. Classif. of B. ii. 

p. 309. 

Meiglyptes tristis, G. R. Gr. List of Gen. ofB. (1840) p. 55. 
Phaiopicos tristis, Malh. Mem. Acdd. Metz 1849), p. 338. 
Phaiopicus tristis, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 10, t. 48. f. 1, 2. 

a. Java. Presented by tlie Secretary of State for India. 

2. MEIGLYPTES GHAMMITHORAX. The Streaked-breasted 
Woodpecker. 

Phaiopicus grammithorax, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 12, 

t.48. f. 4,5. 
Picus tristis, var. 5, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 92. 

a. Java. Presented by Dr. Prattinton. 

b. Java ? Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

d Java? Presented by J. Nightingale, Esq. 

d. Java ? Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 

e,f. Malacca. Presented by Wm. Harvey, Esq. 

g. Singapore. Presented by Rajah Brooke. 

hj i. Borneo. 

/. ? Presented by the Secretary of State for India. 



b. MlCEOPTEENUS. 

3. MEIGLYPTES PHAIOCEPS. The Indian Rufous 
Woodpecker. 

Picus rufus, Gr. Illustr. 2nd. Zool. pi. 29. f. 2. 
Picus rufmotus, Malh. MS. ; Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 88. 
Meiglyptes badius, Hodgs. Zool. Misc. p. 85. 
Meiglyptes brachyurus, Hodgs. Cat. of B. p. 117. 
Micropternus phaioceps, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1845) pp. 195, 551. 
Meiglyptes phaioceps, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. iii. App. p. 22. 
Phaiopicos Blythii, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 534. 
Meiglyptes (Phaiopicus) rufinotus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 113. 
Phaiopicus rufinotus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 1, t. 46. f. 1, 2. 

a-g. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. 

h. Behar. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. 

i. Kumaon. Presented by the Secretary of State for 

India. 
j-l. Bassein, Pegu. Presented by W. T. Blanford, Esq. 



125 

m-n. Tenasserim. Presented by J. D. C. Packman, Esq. 
o. India. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

4. MEIGLYPTES GULARIS. The Madras Rufous Woodpecker. 

Picus phaiopicus, Malh. MS. 

Meiglyptes gularis, Jerd. Madr. Journ. no. xxxi. p. 191. 
Micropternus gularis, Bl. Journ. A. S. B. (1846) p. 17. 
Phaiopicos Jerdonii, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 535. 
Meiglyptes (Phaiopicus) gularis, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 113. 
Phaiopicus Jerdoni, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii p. 3, t. 47. 

f. 1, 2, 3. 
Picus gularis, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 88. 

a, b. Madras. Presented by the Rev. H. H. Baber. 
c, d. Madras. Presented by W. Elliott, Esq. 
e. India. Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 



5. MEIGLYPTES BRUNNEUS. The Black-collared Woodpecker. 

Picus marginatus, Reimv. MS. 
Picus luridus, Nitzsch. Pteryl. p. 137. 
Picus collaris, Horsf. MS. 
Meiglyptes pectoralis, BL Cat. of B. p. 60. 
Hemicircus brunneus, Eyton, Proc. Z. S. (1839) p. 106. 
Picus tukki, Less. Rev. de Zool. (1839) p. 167. 
Picus fasciolatus, Licht. MS. 

Meiglyptes brunneus, Hartl. Verz. Mm. Brem. p. 93. 
Meiglyptes fuscus, Peale, U. S. Expl. Exped. viii. p. 131. 
Phaiopicos pectoralis, Malh. Mem. Acad. Metz (1849), p. 338. 
Meiglyptes pectoralis, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Phaiopicus pectoralis, Malh. Monoyr. des Pic. ii. p. 8, t. 47. 
f. 5, 6. 

a, b. Malacca. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

c. Malacca. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

d. Malacca. Presented by M.-Gen. Hardwicke. 
e-i. Malacca. 

j, k. Malacca. Presented by the Secretary of State for 
India. 

6. MEIGLYPTES BRACHYUBUS. The Short- tailed Rufous 
Woodpecker, 

Picus brachyurus, Vieill. N. Diet. $H. N. xxvi. p. 103. 
Phaiopicos brachyurus, Malh. Rev. de Zool. (1849) p. 536. 

M 3 



126 SCANSOEES. 

Meiglyptes (Phaiopicus) brachyurus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 113. 
Micropternus brachyurus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Phaiopicus brachyurus, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii, p. 5, t. 47. 
f. 4, 5. 

a. Malacca. Presented by J. Nightingale, Esq. 

b. Malacca. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

c. Malacca. Presented by the Secretary of State for India. 

7. MEIGLYPTES SQUAMIGULARIS. The Scaly-throated 
Woodpecker. 

Picus squamigularis, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 89. 

a. Malacca. Presented by the Secretary of State for India. 
b-d. Malacca. 

8. MEIGLYPTES BADIUS. The Bay Woodpecker. 

Picus badius, Raffi. Linn. Trans, xiii. p. 289. 
Hemicircus badius, Eyton, Proc. Z. S. (1839) p. 106. 
Micropternus badius, Bl. Cat. of B. p. 61. 
Meiglyptes badius, G. JR. Gr. 
Phaiopicus brachyurus, p., Malh. 

Hob. Sumatra. 

9. MEIGLYPTES BADIOSUS. The Allied Woodpecker. 

Picus badiosus, Temm. 

Meiglyptes (Phaiopicus) badiosus, Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 113. 
? Micropternus badiosus, Bp. Ateneo Ital. (1854) p. 
Phaiopicus badius, Malh. Monogr. des Pic. ii. p. 6. 

Hob. Borneo. 

10. MEIGLYPTES FOKIENSIS. The Fokien Woodpecker. 

Brachypternus fokiensis, Swinhoe, Proc. Z. S. (1863) p. 87. 
Picus (Micropternus) fokiensis, Sundev. Consp. Pic. p. 91. 

Hab. Foochow. 

vii. YUNCINM. 
1. YUNX. 

Cuculus, p., Linn. (1735). 

lynx, Linn. Faun. Suec. p. 34 (1746). 

Yunx, Linn. S. N. i. p. 172 (1766). 



127 

Torquilla, Briss. Om.iv.p.3. (1760). 

Junx sen lynx, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 432 (1854). 

liinx seu lynx, Gloff. (1856). 

lunx, Cab. $ H. Mm. Hein. iv. p. 4 (1863). 

1. YUNX TORQUILLA. The Wryneck. 

Yunx torquilla, Linn. S. N. i. p. 172 ; PL Enl. 698; MM. Mo- 

nogr. des Pic. ii. p. 289, 1. 121. f. 4. 
lynx torquilla, Linn. Faun. Suec. p. 34. 
Cuculus subgrisea, Linn. Faun. Suec. p. 26. 
Picus i'ynx, Pall. Zoogr. i. p. 416. 

lynx punctata, major et arborea, JBrehm, Vog. Deutschl. p. 203. 
Gould, B. of Eur. pi. 233. 

a. Wiltshire, male. From Col. Montagu's Collection. 

b. England. Presented by Mr. Scott. 

c. d. Cambridgeshire, young. From Mr. Baker's Collection. 
e. Athens. Presented by C. L. W. Merlin, Esq. 

/. India. 

g. Behar. Presented by Brian H. Hodgson, Esq. 

hj i. Nepal. Presented' by Brian H. Hodgson, Esq. 

2. YUNX JAPONICA. The Japan Wryneck. 

lynx torquilla, Temm. fy Schl. Faun. Jap. p. 75. 

f unx japonica, Temm., Bp. Consp. Av. i. p. 112 ; Malh. Monogr. 

des Pic. ii. p. 290. 
lunx japonica, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 232. 

a. Japan, From Mr. Whitely's Collection. 

3. YUNX INDICA. The Chesnut-throated Wryneck. 

Yunx indica, Gould, Proc. Z. S. (1849) p. 112; id. B. of Asia, 

pi. ; Malh. Mwiogr. des Pic. ii. p. 292, t. 121. f. 3. 
lunx indica, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 432. 

Hab. Afghanistan, Tibet. 

4. YUNX ^IQUATORIALIS. The North- African Wryneck. 

lynx sequatorialis, Rilpp. Mus. Senckenb. iii.p. 121; Malh. Mo- 
" nogr. des Pic. ii. p. 291, t. 121. f. 2. 
Yunx sequatorialis, G. R. Gr. Gen. of B. ii. p. 448. 
lunx sequatorialis, Reichb. Handb. Spec. Orn. p. 433. 

Hab. North-east Africa. 



128 SCANSORES. 

5. YUNX PECTORALIS. The Rufous-breasted Wryneck. 

Yunx pectoralis, Vigors, Proc. Z. S. (1831) p. 93 ; Malh. Mo- 

nogr. des Pic. ii. p. 291, t. 121. f. 1. 
Yunx ruficollis, Licht. MS. 
Yunx punctata, Brehm. 

lunx pectoralis, ReicJib, Handb. SJMC. Orn. p. 433. 
lynx pectoralis, Hupp. Vog. N. O. Afr. p. 93. 

a. South Africa. 

b. Natal. From Mr. Warwick's Collection. 

c. Natal. From Mr. Ayres's Collection. 



129 



INDEX. 



A. 


armillaris, 7. 




asiatica, 8. 


Abingoni, 80. 


assimilis, 34, 36. 


Abingtoni, 80. 


asterias, 28. 


abnormis, 29, 98. 


Astb.enui'us, 23. 


abyssinica, 3, 65. 


Asyndesmus, 114, 116. 


abyssinicus, 3, 65, 66. 


atratus, 38. 


adspersus, 110. 


atricolli, 94, 


aequatorialis, 127. 
ffithiopiea, 82. 


atricollis, 94. 
atriventris, 56, 57, 


aethiopicus, 82. 


atroflava, 14, 15. 


SBruginosus, 104. 


atroflavus, 14. 


affinis, 76, 108. 


atrothorax, 51. 


africana, 29. 


atrovirens, 21. 


africanus, 66. 


Auduboni, 47. 


agilis, 110. 


Audubonii, 44, 47. 


agricola, 94. 


auranticollis, 22. 


Agripicus, 120. 
Albertuli, 113. 


aurantius, 63, 95. 
aurato-mexicanus, 120. 


albicinctus, 85. 


auratus, 20, 105, 106, 120. 


albifrenatus, 55. 


aureus, 20, 21. 


albifrons, 102. 


auriceps, 39. 


albipes. 108. 


aurifrons, 8, 21, 39, 100, 


albirostris, 54, 55. 


101, 103. 


albisquamatus, 26. 


aurita, 41. 


albiventris, 3. 


aurocapillus, 101. 


albivittatus, 49. 


aurocristatus, 30. 


albolarvatus, 117. 


aurulentus, 105, 106, 107. 


albosquamatus, 26. 


australis, 11. 


algirus, 73. 


awokera, 72. 


Alophonerpes, 83. 


Ayresi, 120. 


Alophus, 83. 


Ayresii, 120. 


alpestris, 32. 


Azarae, 24. 


alpinus, 30, 59. 
amazonicus, 21. 




ainericanus, 30, 31. 


B. 


amictus, 98. 




anais, 54. 


Baccha, 63. 


analis, 38. 


badioides, 88. 


andamanensis, 38. 


badiosus, 126. 


andamensis, 38. 


badius, 124, 126. 


Apternus, 29. 


Baeopipo, 32, 


arator, 123. 


Bairdi, 48. 


arborea, 127. 


Bairdii, 53. 


arctus, 30, 31. 


Barbatula, 5, 9, 14. 


arkikanus, 65. 


barbatus, 73. 



Barbet, Amaaoniafl, 21* 

* , Asiatic, 8. 

, Bare-headed, 16j 

- -, Beautiful, 21. 
, Black-and- Yellow, 

14. 
, Black-billed, 12, 

, Black-breasted, 11. 

>-, Black-eared, 23, 

, Black -fronted, 11, 

, Bonaparte's, 16. 

, Bourcier's, 22. 

, Brown-headed, 13. 

, Buff-faced, 9. 

, Cayenne, 20. 

, Changeable, 6. 

, Cochmchina, 13. 

, Double-lined, 15. 

, Duchaillu's, 13. 

, Embroidered, 8. 

, Fire-tufted, 18. 

, Franklin's, 8. 

, Frantz's, 19. 

, Gaboon, 15. 

, Glaucous-necked, 

23. 

, Goffin's, 18. 

, Gold-banded, 14. 

, Golden-bearded, 6. 

, Golden-faced, 6. 

, Golden-green, 21. 

, Grand, 5. 

, Green, 13. 

, Grey-headed, 12. 

, Hartlaub's, 22. 

, Henry's, 7. 

, Hodgson's Lineated, 

12. 

, Javan, 6. 

, Jungle, 12. 

, Levaillant'a, 17. 

, Long-bearded, 7. 

, Malabar, 9. 

, M'Clelland's, 12. 

, Oort's, 7. 

, Orange-backed, 14. 



130 



INDEX. 



Barbet, Orange-breasted, 


Brucei, 3, 81. 


Caroli, 79. 


7. 


brunneifrons, 39. 


carolinensis, 99. 


, Orange-necked, 22. 


brunneus, 125. 


carolinus, 99, 101, 102. 


. Pearl-spotted, 17. 


Buccanodon, 5, 13. 


Cassini, 109. 


, Pel's, 16. 


Bucco, 5. 


Cassinii, 109. 


, Peruvian, 20. 


Buccotrogon, 18. 


castaneus, 87, 88, 89. 


, Purple, 18. 


Buffoni, 25, 93. 


Castelneaui, 27. 


, Raffles's, 11. 


Buffonii, 93. 


cataphoricus, 37. 


, Eed-breasted, 19. 




cathpharius, 37. 


, Red-f rented, 11. 




cathphorius, 37. 


, Red-fronted, 14. 


. 


cayanensis, 20, 24, 25, 9 


, Richardson's, 22. 


Cabanisi, 33. 


cayennensis, 91. 


, Rose-crowned, 9. 


Caboti, 113. 


Cecili, 114. 


, Rose-necked, 9. 


Cactocraugus, 32. 


Cecilia, 114. 


, Scaly-headed, 18. 


cactorum, 50, 51. 


Cecilii, 113, 114. 


, Starry, 16. 


caeruleigula, 8. 


Celeopicos, 53, 86. 


, Toucan-like, 19. 


ceeruleus, 8. 


Celeopicus, 53, 86. 


, Tschudi's, 22. 


cafer, 17, 121. 


Celeus, 86. 


u-, Yellow-fronted, 8. 


Caillauti, 81. 


Centurus, 99. 


, Yellow - scollopped, 


Cailliaudi, 81. 


Ceophloeus, 59, 60. 


15. 


Cailliauti, 81. 


Cerchneipicus, 86, 89. 


, Yellow-throated,10. 


calauchenia, 8. 


ceylonus, 96. 


, White-eared, 16. 


Callipicus, 103, 114. 


chalcauchenia, 8. 


, White-throated, 15. 


Callirhamphus, 19. 


chilensis, 122. 


B arbica n, Black-throated, 


callonota, 114. 


chlorigaster, 75. 


3. 


callonotus, 114. 


chlorio, 74. 


, Black-winged, 3. 


callopterus, 106. 


chlorocephalus, 105. 


, Bridled, 4. 


Calopicus, 72. 


chlorogaster, 93. 


, Groove-billed, 1. 


Caloramphus, 19. 


chlorolophos, 75. 


, Hairy, 5. 


calva, 16. 


chlorolophum, 75. 


, Masked, 2. 


calvus, 16. 


chlorolophus, 74, 75. 


, Rollet's, 2. 


Campephilus, 52, 53. 


Chloronerpes, 103. 


, Salt's, 3. 


campestris, 94. 


chloronotus, 78. 


, Smooth-billed, 2. 


campestroides, 94. 


chlorophanes, 75. 


, Undulated, 3. 


Campethera, 78. 


chlorophaus, 75. 


, Vieillot's, 4. 


Campias, 103. 


Chloropicoides, 96. 


, White-headed, 2. 


Camponomus, 64, 68. 


Chloropicos, 72. 


barbiculus, 9. 


Campophilus, 52. 


Chloropicus, 72, 103. 


Barbilanius, 1. 


Campothera, 78. 


chloropus, 75. 


Barbions, 5. 


canadensis, 46, 47. 


chlorosostos, 93. 


bashiriensis, 32. 


cancellata, 49. 


chlorozostus, 93. 


bengalensis, 63, 76, 95, 96. 
Bennettii, 80. 


cancellatus, 48, 49. 
candidus, 119. 


Chotorea, 5, 12. 
chrysochlorus, 106, 107. 


biarmicus, 69. 


canente, 71. 


Chrysocolaptes, 62. 


bicolor, 48, 119. 


caneus, 71. 


chrysocoma, 14. 


bidentatus, 2. 


canicapilla, 43. 


chrysoconus, 14. 


bifrenatus, 4. 


canicapillus, 43. 


chrysogenys, 102. 


bilineata, 15. 


caniceps, 12, 13, 67, 73, 


chrysoides, 120, 121. 


Blanfordi, 39.| 


74. 


chrysomelas, 92. 


Blythii, 124. 


canifrons, 39. 


Chrysonotus, 95, 96. 


Blythipicus, 53. 
Boiei,56^57. 


canipileus, 104. 
caniventer, 56. 


Chrysophlegma, 72, 74. 
Chrysopicos, 78, 91. 


Boieri, 56. 


canus, 74. 


Chrysopicus, 78, 91. 


Bonapartei, 16, 17. 


capensis, 64, 67. 


chrysopogon, 6. 


borealis, 50. 


capistratus, 23, 102, 107. 


chrysopsis, 6. 


Bourcieri, 22. 


Capito, 20. 


chrysoptera, 14. 


Brachylophus, 72. 
Brachypternopicus, 94. 
Brachypternus, 62, 94. 


Capitonidse, 1. 
Capito ninse, 1. 
Capnopicus, 103, 112. 


chrysopterus, 64. 
Chrysoptilopicus, 78. 
Chrysoptilus, 78, 91. 


brachyrhynchus, 78. 


capricorni, 81. 


chrysosternus, 94. 


brachyurus, 124, 125, 126. 
Brahmapicus, 94. 


capricornis, 81. 
Carbonarius, 59. 


chrysozonicus, 14. 
chrysozonus, 14. 


brasiliensis, 106, 107. 


cardinalis, 64, 114. 


chrysura, 81. 


brevirostris, 32. 


Carlotta, 96. 


chrysurus, 81. 



INDEX. 



131 



cinereicapillus, 122. 
cinereigula, 42. 


Dictyopipo, 32. 
dilutus, 95. 


flavigula, 10, 74, 105, 115. 
flavigularis, 105, 115. 


cinnamomeus, 27, 87, 88. 


dimidiatus, 76. 


flavilumbis, 92. 


cirratus, 24, 25. 


Dinopium, 29. 


flavimentum, 15. 


cirris, 35. 


diophrys, 69. 


flavinotus, 43. 


cissa, 32. 


discolor, 32, 104. 


flavinucha, 74. 


citreopygius, 88. 


dominicanus, 119. 


flavipunctata, 5. 


citrinus, 88. 
Cladoscopus, 32, 114, 116. 


d'Orbignyanus, 25. 
dorsalis, 31. 


flaviscapus, 65. 
flavisquamata, 15. 


Cniparchus, 59, 60. 


Dryaltes, 28. 


flaviventris, 51, 102. 


Cnipotheres, 78, 79. 


Dryobates, 32, 44. 


flavorostris, 58. 


coccorietopus, 70. 
Colaptes, 72, 120. 


Dryocolaptes, 31. 
Dryocopos, 59, 83. 


flavus, 88. 
fokiensis, 126. 


Colaptinee, 120. 


Dryocopus, 59. 


formicivorus, 115, 116. 


collaris, 121, 125. 


Dryotomus, 52, 59. 


formosa, 13. 


Colombipicus, 119. 


dubius, 1, 102. 


Franklinii, 8. 


Colombpicos, 119. 


Duchaillui, 13. 


Frantzii, 19. 


comatus, 55. 


Duvaucelii, 11. 


frenatus, 55. 


Comeris, 28. 


Dyctiopicus, 32, 48. 


freniger, 42. 


concretus, 70. 




frondium, 32, 72. 


cordatus, 71. 


E 


frontalis, 11. 


coronatus, 117, 118. 




fuliginosa, 17. 


corrientes, 56. 


elegans, 21, 87, 101, 123. 


fuliginosus, 17, 19, 36. 


corvina, 12. 


Eleopicus, 103, 111. 


fulvigaster, 84. 


corvinus, 12. 


Ellioti, **. 


fulviscapa, 64. 


crassirostris, 36. 


Elliotti, 63. 


fuh-iscapus, 64. 


Craugasus, 103, 105. 


Epichthonii, 72. 


fulvus, 84. 


Craugiscus, 23, 27. 


erythrauchen, 99. 


fumigatus, 112. 


Crawtbrdii, 85. 


erythrocephalua, 20, 22, 


funebris, 84, 85. 


crissoleucos, 30. 


115. 


fuscescens, 4, 64, 65. 


crissoleucus, 30. 


erythrogaster, 118. 


fuscicapillus, 12. 


eristatus, 93. 


erythroiuelas, 1. 


fuscipennis, 61. 


cruentatus, 36, 118, 119. 


Erythronerpes, 103, 113. 


fusco-fulvus, 87. 


Crypturonerpes, 103, 111. 


erythronotus, 14, 15, 96. 


fuscus, 125. 


cuculinus, 122. 


eryth ropes, 106. 




Cuculus, 126. 


erythrophthalmus, 102. 


G. 


Cucupicus, 17. 


erythropis, 106. 




Cuvieri, 47. 


erythrops, 61, 106. 


gabonensis, 79. 


cyanicollis, 3. 


erpthropsis, 106. 


Grairdinerii, 44. 


eyanogenius, 8. 
Cyanops, 5, 8. 


erythropyga, 17. 
erythropygos, 17. 


Grardneri, 45. 
galbula, 51. 


cyanotis, 11. 


erythropvgus, 98. 


galeatus, 62. 


cynaedus, 35. 


Eabuoco, 20, 21. 


Crairdneri, 44, 45. 




europseus, 30. 


Gecininae, 72. 


j) 


exalbidus, 88. 


Geciniscus, 97. 




exilis, 24, 25. 


Gecinulus, 96, 99. 


damascensis, 36. 




Gecinus, 72. 


dargeelensis, 34. 


F 


Geocolaptes, 120, 123. 


dargellensis, 34. 




Geopicos, 120. 


darjellensis, 34. 
Delattrii, 61. 


faiostriata, 13. 
faiostriatus, 13. 


Gerinii, 101. 
glaucogularis, 23. 


Delesserti, 62. 


faio,>trictus, 13. 


goensis, 63, 64. 


Dendrobates, 64, 103, 108. 


fasciolatus, 90, 125. 


goertae, 67. 


Dendrocopos, 31. 


Peddeni, 86. 


goertan, 67, 68. 


Dendropicos, 64, 103. 


Felicia, 34. 


goertans, 63. 


Dendrocoptes, 31, 35. 


Fernandi, 122. 


Goffinii, 18. 


Dendrocopus, 31, 32, 52. 


Fernandina, 122. 


Gouldi, 33. 


Dendrodromas, 31, 35. 


Fernandinee, 122. 


Gouldii, 33. 


Dendromus, 78. 


festivus, 63, 64. 


gracilis, 48. 


Dendropicus, 64. 


flavescens, 86. 


gradatus, 49. 


Dendrotypes, 31, 37. 
DesMursi, 65, 63. 


flavicans, 88. 
flavieolle, 20. 


grammicus, 89, 90. 
grammithorax, 124. 


DesMursii, 65, 66. 


flavicollis, 10, 20, 90. 


granadensis, 27. 


diadematus, 4. 


flavifrons, 8, 117, 118. 


grandis, 5. 



132 



INDEX. 



Grantia, 99. 


humeralis, 63. 


kamtschatkensis, 30, 37. 


Grantii, 99. 


hybridus, 120, 121. 


3arelini, 74. 


grateloupenBis, 102. 


Hylatomus, 59. 


Kaupi, 49. 


Grayii, 55. 


Hyloscopus, 32. 


Kaupii, 49, 100. 


griseocephalus, 67. 
griseus, 99. 
guatemalensis, 57. 
guayaquilensis, 57. 
Guerini, 73. 


Hylotomus, 59. 
hyperythrus, 40. 
Hypopicus, 32, 40. 
hypopolius, 100. 
hyposcopua, 47. 


Khan, 35. 
Kingii, 49. 
Kirki, 113. 
Kirkii, 113. 
Kirtlandi, 109. 


guineensis, 64. 
gularis, 11, 77, 125. 


hypoxanthus, 25, 120, 122, 
123. 


Kirtlandii, 109. 
kisuki, 41. 


guttacristatus, 62. 
guttatus, 25, 80, 91. 


Hyreus, 1. 


Kochii, 31. 
kogera, 41. 


guttifer, 26,.92. 




kotorea, 6. 


guttulatus, 91. 


I. 




gutturalis, 11, 83, 84. 






Gymnobucco, 5, 16. 


icterocephalus, 105, 106. 


L. 


Gymnocranus, 5. 


icteromelas, 92. 




gymnophthalma, 42. 


igniceps, 8, 95. 


labrum, 98. 


gynmophthalmoa, 42. 
gymnophthalnius, 42. 


imberbis, 83. 
immaculatus, 67. 


lacrymosa, 29. 
Leemodon, 1. 




imperialis, 53, 


leevirostris, 2. 




incarnatus, 47. 


Lafresnayi, 25, 66. 




indica, 10, 11, 127. 


Laimodon, 1. 


H. 


indicus, 10. 


Lampropicus, 103. 




Indopicus, 62. 


larvatus, 102. 


haemacephalus, 10. 


innominatus, 28. 


Lathami, 9, 10, 17, 19, 


hsemasoma, 39. 


inornatus, 47. 


121. 


haematogaster, 60. 


insularis, 35. 


Lecontei, 44. 


haematops, 8. 


intermedia, 97. 


Ledouci, 36, 


haematosfcygma, 109. 
hsematribon, 63. 


internaedius, 97. 
Ipagrus, 78, 80. 


Leiopicus, 31. 
lepidotus, 26, 77. 


haemorrhous, 57. 


Ipocrantor, 52, 54. 


lepidus, 66. 


Hardwickii, 42. 


Ipoctonus, 64. 


Lepocestes, 53. 


Harris!, 47. 


Ipopatis, 78, 79. 


Lessonii, 57. 


Harrisii, 47. 


Ipophilus, 64, 69. 


leucocephalus, 2. 


Hartlaubi, 65. 


ischnorhynchos, 118, 119. 


leucogaster, 85. 


Hartlaubii, 22, 23, 65, 70. 


Isidori, 105. 


leucolaemus, 105. 


Hayi, 19. 


liinx, 127. 


leucolsemus, 105. 


Hayii, 19. 


lynx, 126, 127. 


leucolaima, 15. 


Heddeni, 86. 




leucomelanus, 46. 


Hedenborgii, 69. 




leucomelas, 3, 4, 46, 47. 


Hemicercus, 70, 




Leuconerpes, 119. 


Hemicircus, 53. 





leuconothus, 35. 


Hemilophus, 83, 
hemipodius, 95. 


jaballa, 34. 


Leuconotopicus, 31. 
leuconotus, 2, 35. 


Hemprichi, 65. 
Hemprichii, 65, 
Henrici, 7. 
herbarum, 36. 
Herminieri, 117. 
hilaris, 109. 


japonica, 127. 
Jardinii, 50. 
javanensis, 97, 98. 
javensis, 6, 83, 85, 97, 
Jerdoni, 86. 
Jerdonii, 125. 


leucopogon, 56. 
leucopterylus, 60. 
leucoramphus, 61. 
leucorhynchus, 57. 
leucotis, 16. 
leucurus, 45. 


himalayanus, 33, 34, 
himalayensis, 33, 34. 
hirsuta, 5, 30. 


jubatus, 54, 
jugularis, 71. 
Jugurtha, 34. 


Levaillantii, 2. 
Lewisii, 116. 
Lichtensteini, 84, 85. 


hirsutus, 5, 30. 


jumana, 87, 88, 


.Lichtensteinii, 25. 


hirundinaceus, 118, 119, 


Junx, 127. 


Lichtensteinipicus, 83, 84. 


Hodgei, 86. 




lignaria, 49. 


Hodgsoni, 12,85 L 86. 




lignarius, 49. 


Hodgsonii, 34, 85. 


K. 


lineata, 12. 


Hoffmannii, 100. 




lineatua, 12, 60, 61. 


homorus, 45. 


Kaleensis, 38. 


Limueipicus, 114. 


Horsfieldii 9,84,85. 


kamtschatcensis, 37. 


Linneipicus, 114, 117. 


hortorum, 36. 


kamtschatschensis, 37. 


Liopicus, 31, 39. 



133 



Lipornix, 17. 


melanochloris , 93. 


Nannopipo, 28. 


longirostris, 30. 
loricatus, 90. 


melanochloros, 93. 
melanochlorus, 93. 


nanus, 10, 14, 42. 
Natalia, 52. 


lucasana, 50. 


melanochrysos, 95. 


Nattereri, 92. 


lucasanus, 50. 


melanogaster, 56, 58. 


nebulosus, 27. 


Luciana, 33. 


melanolaemus, 93. 


neglectus, 96. 


lucorum, 32. 


melanolaimus, 93. 


nesiotis, 38. 


lugubris, 79, 87. 


melanoleucus, 55. 


niger, 3, 20, 51, 59. 


lunatus, 34. 


Melanopicua, 114. 


nigriceps, 111. 


luridus, 125. 


melanopogon, 116. 


nigriguttatus, 79. 


lutea, 10. 


melanopterus, 3, 119. 


nigrothorax, 2. 


luteus, 10. 


melanotis, 23, 61, 64. 


nipalensis, 28, 74, 75. 


luzonensis, 3. 


meniaca, 41. 


nivosa, 80. 




meniscus, 41. 


nivosus, 80. 


M. 


menstruus, 67. 


norvegicus, 74. 




mentalis, 75, 77, 90. 


notata, 82. 


M'Clellandi, 12. 


Meriana, 92. 


notatus, 82. 


Macei, 37, 38. 


meridionalis, 36, 44, 45. 


nubica, 82. 


Mackloti, 84. 


Meropicus, 114. 


nubicoides, 80. 


Maclotii, 84. 


meropirostris, 119. 


nubicua, 82. 


macrocephalus, 106. 


mesoleucus, 55. 


nuchalia, 8, 52, 95. 


Macropicus, 83. 


Mesopicos, 64. 


numidicus, 34. 


maculatus, 20, 43, 48, 49. 


Mesopicus, 64. 


numidus, 34. 


maculifrons, 108. 


mesorhynchus, 60. 


Nuttalli, 49, 50. 


maculipennis, 105, 106, 


meaospilus, 32. 


Nyctades, 20. 


maculosa, 78, 79. 


mexicanoides, 121. 


Nystactes, 20. 


maculosus, 78, 79. 


mexicanus, 121. 




magellanicus, 54. 


Microcolaptes, 23, 28. 


O. 


manrattensis, 39. 


micromegas, 28. 




major, 1, 32, 34. 46, 127. 


Micropicos, 70. 


obscurus, 40, 67, 115. 


mai oroides, 34. 


Micropicus, 70. 


obaoletus, 69. 


malabarica, 9. 


Micropogon, 20. 


occidentalis, 52. 


malabaricus, 9. 


Micropternus, 123, 124. 


occipitalis, 73. 


malaccensis, 7, 75. 


micropus, 95. 


ocellatus, 28. 


Malacolophus, 72, 83, 86. 
Malherbei, 83, 111. 


Miglyptes, 123. 
miniatus, 75, 76. 


ochracea, 29. 
ochraceus, 29, 87. 


Malherbii, 54. 


minimus, 25. 


odoardus, 57. 


Malherbipicus, 91. 


minor, 2, 36, 38, 47, 90. 


oleagineus, 112, 113. 


mandarinus, 33. 


minuta, 14, 24, 25, 66. 


oleaginua, 112. 


manillensis, 67. 


minutissimus, 24, 25. 


olivaceus, 27, 78, 79, 123. 


maratensis, 39. 


minutus, 14, 24, 25, 26, 66. 


olivinus, 111. 


margaritaceus, 17. 


Mitchell!, 40, 41, 43. 


Oorti, 7, 


margaritata, 17. 


mixta, 48. 


Orbignyanus, 25. 


margaritatus, 17. 


mixtus, 48. 


orientalis, 30, 62, 71. 


marginatus, 125. 


modestus, 84. 


Orizabae, 48. 


Martin, 46. 


moluccensis, 38, 40, 42, 


ornatus, 103. 


Martini, 46. 


43. 


otarius, 42. 


martius, 59. 


montanus, 30, 32, 116. 




mauritanus, 34. 


Mullen, 84. 




mayanensis, 21. 


Mulleripicus, 83. 


. 


medianus, 44. 


multicolor, 89. 


paiosticta, 13. 


medius, 35, 36, 46. 


multifasciatus, 90. 


palalaca, 63. 


Megalaema, 5. 


murinus, 69, 111. 


pardinus, 80. 


Megalaima, 5. 


Mursii, 65. 


Pardipicus, 78. 


Megalopipo, 52. 


mutilatus, 96. 


parvus, 10, 14, 48. 


Megalorhynchus, 19. 


mystaceus, 69. 


passerinus, 108, 109, 110, 


Megapicos, 52. 


mystacophanoa, 6, 7. 


111. 


Megapicus, 52. 




Pearsoni, 34. 


Meiglyptes, 123. 


"NT 


pectoralis, 38, 125. 128. 


Melampicos, 114. 


JM . 


Peli, 16. 


Melanerpes, 114, 115. 


naevius, 20. 


peralaimus, 63. 


Melanerpinae, 99. 


namaqua, 69. 


percuasua, 107, 108. 


melanocephalus, 4, 49, 


namaquu?, 69. 


peraonatus, 2. 


118. 


nana, 14, 42. 


perspicillatus, 104. 



134 



INDEX. 



peruvianus, 20, 94. 


Pipripicus, 31. 


Q. 


Phaeonerpes, 103. 


pitiguus, 122. 




Phseopicus, 123. 
phaeosticta, 13. 


pitui, 122. 
Pituipicus, 120, 122. 


quadricolor, 7. 
quercum, 36. 


phaioceps, 124. 
Phaiopicos, 123. 


pituis, 122. 
pituius, 122. 


querulus, 50. 
quopopa, 17. 


Phaiopicus, 125. 


pityopicus, 32. 




phaiosticta, 13. 


Plintliopicus, 53. 


E. 


pharodes, 95. 


plumbiceps, 104. 




philippensis, 9, 10, 11. 


Pogonia, 1. 


radiolatus, 102. 


philippinarum, 63. 


Pogonias, 1. 


Eafflesia, 11. 


Philipsi, 46. 


Pogoniolus, 5. 


Eafflesii, 6, 98. 


Philipsii, 46. 


Pogonius, 1. 


Eafflesius, 11. 


Phillipsii, 46. 


Pogonoramphus, 1. 


ramphastinus, 19. 


Phlceoceastes, 52, 56. 


Pogonorhynchus, 1. 


regius, 57. 


Phloeotomus, 59. 


poicephalus, 67, 68. 


Eeichenbachi, 111, 112, 


pholidotus, 91. 


poicilolophus, 124. 


Eeichenbachii, 87. 


Phrenopicus, 32, 50. 
Phymatoblepliarus, 119. 
Picidffi, 23. 


poliocephalus, 67, 68, 104. 
poliopsis, 40. 
Polipicua, 78, 83. 


Eeinwardtipicus, 52, 57. 
Bichardsoni, 22. 
Eivolii, 122, 123. 


Picinae, 29. 


pollens, 54, 55. 


robustus, 56. 


Picoides, 29. 


polonicus, 35. 


Eolleti, 2. 


? Ictus, 21. 


polygrammus, 103. 


rosaceicollis, 9. 


iculus, 23, 31. 


Polysticte, 17. 


rosea, 9. 


Picumninae, 23. 


polyzonus, 107. 


roseicollis, 9. 


Picumnoides, 28. 


porphyromelas, 58. 


roseiventris, 36. 


Picumnus, 23, 24, 28. 


portoricensis, 115. 


roseus, 9. 


Picumnus, Abnormal, 29. 


precoccineus, 56. 


ruber, 51. 


, Arrow-marked, 26. 


principalis, 53. 


rubescens, 4, 113. 


, Azara's, 24. 


Promepicus, 17. 


rubicon, 4. 


, Brazilian Scaly, 26. 


Pseudobucco, 18. 


rubidicollis, 115. 


, Buffon's, 25. 


Psilopogon, 18, 20. 


rubidus, 112. 


, Castelneau's, 27. 


Psilopus, 19. 


rubiginosa, 58. 


, Cinnamon, 27. 


pubescens, 44. 


rubiginosus, 58, 103, 104. 


, Cloudy, 27. 


Pucherani, 101. 


rubricapilla, 9, 10. 


, Fringed, 24. 


pullarius, 9. 


rubricapillus, 9, 46. 


, Lafresnaye's, 25. 


pulverulentus, 84. 


rubricatus, 40, 121. 


, Large, 28. 


pumila, 14. 


rubricollis, 10, 20, 56. 


, Minute, 24. 


pumilus, 25. 


rubrifrons, 3, 11, 14, 118. 


, New Granada, 27. 


puna, 122. 


rubrigularis, 116. 


, Ocellated, 28. 


punctata, 82, 127, 128. 


rubriventris, 100, 117. 


, Ochraceous, 29. 


punctatus, 20, 69, 82, 83, 


rubropygialis, 97. 


, Olivaceous, 27. 


84. _ 


ruficeps,109, 110. 


, Orbigny's, 25. 


puncticeps, 49. 


ruficollis, 24, 128. 


, Pigmy, 25. 
, Eufous-bellied, 27. 


puncticolli, 95. 
puncticollis, 95, 96. 


rufifrons, 3, 4, 28. 
ruflnotus, 124. 


, Eufous-necked, 24. 


punctigula, 91. 


rufi torque s, 7. 


, Scaly, 26. 
, Small, 25. 
, Small- scaled, 26. 


punctigularis, 91, 92. 
punctipectus, 92. 
punctulatus, 82. 


ruflventer, 27. 
ruflventris, 27, 118. 
rufoviridis, 78, 79. 


, Spotted, 26. 


punctuligera, 82. 


rufus, 90, 124. 


, Spotted-bellied, 26. 


punctuligerus, 82, 83. 


rupicola, 122. 


, Starry, 28. 


puniceus, 77. 


Euppellii, 107. 


, Weeping, 29. 


purpuratus, 18. 




, Wee Wee, 28. 


pusilla, 14. 


S. 


, West African, 29. 


pusillus, 36. 




, White-scaled, 26. 


pygmaea, 41. 


sagittatus, 26. 


Picus, 31, 32, 52, 59, 72. 


pygmaeus, 28, 40, 41. 


Saltii, 3. 


pileatus, 59. 
Pilumnus, 32. 


pyriceps, 38. 
pyrolophus, 18. 


sanguineus, 113. 
sanguinolentus, 19, 112. 


pinetorum, 32, 59, 72. 
Pipiscus, 23. 
Pipodes, 29. 
pipra, 32. 


Pyronpicus, 32. 
pyrrhogaster, 68, 69. 
Pyrrhopicus, 53. 
pyrrhotis, 58. 


Santa Cruzi, 102, 103. 
Sasia, 28, 29. 
saucius, 118. 
scalaris, 48, 49, 50. 



INDEX. 



135 



Scapaneus, 52, 54. 


subruflnus, 40. 


V. 


scapularis, 60, 61. 


subsulfureus, 15. 




schoensis, 70. 


subsulphurea, 15. 


vagatus, 49. 


scindeanus, 36. 


subsulphureus, 15. 


Vaillanti, 73. 


scindianus, 36. 


sulcirostris, 1. 


Vaillantii, 17, 73. 


scintilla, 40. 


sulfuriventris, 100. 


validirostris, 43. 


scintilliceps, 41. 


sulphuratus, 17. 


validus, 57. 


Sclateri, 54, 55. 


sulphureus, 22. 


variegata, 43. 


Scolecotheres, 64, 67. 


sultaneus, 62. 


variegatus, 30, 42, 43, 48. 


scolopacea, 15, 16. 


superciliaris, 101. 


variolosa, 80. 


scolopaceus, 15*. 


superciliosus, 101. 


variolosus, 78. 


scotochlorus, 99. 


Swainsonii, 100. 


varius,51. 


scutatus, 89. 


syriacus, 34, 35, 37. 


Yenilia, 53, 58, 72, 103. 


aedulus, 109. 




Verreauxi, 54, 59. 


Selysii, 108. 




Verreauxia, 28, 26. 


semicinnamomeus, 88. 





Verreauxii, 29, 89. 


semicoronatus, 40. 
semitorquatus, 61. 
senegalensis, 4, 110. 
septentrionalis, 30, 45. 
seriocollis. 75. 
Shorei, 98. 
Shorii, 98. 
similis, 61. 
smaragdinicollis, 91. 


tsenionotus, 110. 
tancola, 73. 
Temmincki, 43. 
Temminckii, 24, 43. 
tephrodops, 110. 
terrestris, 123. 
Tetragonops, 19. 
Theiopicus, 91. 
thibetanus, 95. 


versicolor, 6, 21. 
vestita, 79. 
Vieillotii, 4, 50. 
villosus, 45, 46, 47. 
virens, 5. 
virescens, 72. 
viridanus, 74, 76. 
viridicanus, 74. 
viridis, 9, 12, 13, 72, 71, 


Smithii, 81. 
Sonneratii, 96. 
sordidus, 32, 70. 
Soroplex, 91, 94. 
Spaniopicoides, 97. 
Sparactes, 1. 
speciosus, 91. 
Sphyrapicus, 32, 51. 
Sphyropicus. 32. 
epilogaster, 26, 110. 
spilolophus, 63. 
spinosus, 19. 
spodocephalus, 68. 
squamatus, 76, 77> 91. 
squamiceps, 18. 
squamicollis, 77. 
squamifer, 26. 
squamiger, 24, 26. 
squamigularis, 126. 
squamosus, 63, 110. 
squamulatus, 26. 
squamulosus, 26. 
stellata, 16. 
Stephensii, 3. 
Stictocrangus, 78, 80. 
Stictopicus, 78. 


thoracinus, 89. 
Threnopipo, 32. 
Thripias, 64, 69. 
Thriponax, 83, 85. 
thyroideus, 52. 
Tiga, 96, 97. 
tinnunculus, 89. 
Titia, 17. 
torquatus, 2, 18,^9, 116. 
torquilla, 127. 
trachelopyrus, 56. 
Trachyphonus, 17. 
Tricholsema, 1, 5. 
Trichopico, 32. 
Trichopicus, 32, 50. 
tricolor, 100. 
tridactyla, 3, 29. 
Tridactvlia, 32. 
tridactylus, 30, 31, 97. 
trimaculata, 11. 
trimaculatus, 11. 
Tripsurus, 114, 117. 
tristis, 6, 123, 124. 
trisulensis, 40, 41, 43. 
Tschudii, 22. 
tukki 125 


99. 
vittatus, 76. 
Vivia, 23, 28. 
Voigtii, 8. 

W. 

Wagleri, 38, 49. 
Waglerii, 49. 
Wagnerii, 38. 
Williamsoni, 116, 117. 
Williamsonii, 116, 117. 
Wilsoni, 50. 
Wilsonii, 49. 
Woodpecker, Active, 110. 
, African, 66. 
, Algerian, 34. 
, Allied, 34, 126. 
, Allied Brazilian, 108. 
, Andaman, 38. 
, Ant- eating, 115. 
, Ashy-faced, 1 10. 
, Audubon's, 47. 
, Ayres's, 120. 
, Azara's, 105. 


strenuus, 62. 


Turati 45 


, Baird's, 48. 


striaticeps, 98. 
striatus, 36, 102. 


Turatii, 45. 


, Baird's White - 
billed, 53. 


Strickland!, 37, 96. 




, Banded Three-toed, 


strictus, 62, 63. 


U. 


30. 


striolatus, 36, 77, 110. 




, Barred, 48. 


Stugnopicus, 123. 


undatus, , 


, Bay, 126. 


subauratus, 105. 


undosus, 30. 


, Bay-headed, 121. 


subcampestris, 94. 


undulata, 30. 


, Bearded, 60. 


subelegans, 100, 102, 103. 


undulatus, 30. 


, Beautiful-winged, 


subgrisea, 127. 


unidentatus, 4, 16. 


106. 


submexicanus, 121. 


uralensis, 35. 


,Black-backed Three 


subocularis, 101. 


uropygialis, 14, 100, 104. 


toed, 31. 



136 



INDEX. 



Woodpecker, Black- 
breasted, 89. 

, Black-collared, 125. 

, Black-necked, 94. 

, Black-throated, 93. 

, Blanford's, 39. 

, Blood-marked, 109. 

, Bole's, 56. 

, Bornean Squalid, 70. 

, Brazilian Banded, 

110. 

, Brazilian Olive, 111. 

, Brazilian Eed- 

headed,-109. 

, Brown-fronted, 39. 

, Brown-winged, 61. 

, Bruce's, 81, 82. 

, Cabanis's, 33, 47. 

, Cabot's, 113. 

, Cactus, 50. 

, Cailliaut's, 81. 

, Californian Golden- 
winged, 120. 

, Canada Spotted, 46. 

, Cancellated, 49. 

, Cape, 67. 

, Capricorn, 81. 

, Caroline, 99. 

, Cassin's, 47, 109. 

, Cayenne, 91. 

, Cecil's, 113. 

, Celebesian, 84. 

, Charles's, 79. 

, Charlotte's, 96. 

, Charming, 66. 

, Cheerful, 109. 

, Chili, 49. 

, Chilian, 122. 

, Costa- Eican, 60. 

, Crescented, 41. 

, CrestedBrazilian,93. 

-, Crimson-bellied, 58. 

, Crimson - breasted, 

123. 

, Crimson-crested, 93. 

, Crimsoli-rumped, 
67. . 

, Cuba, 122. 

, Darjeeling, 34. 

,Darj eelingPigmy,40. 

, Dark, 38. 

, Delessert's, 62. 

, Des Murs's, 65. 

, Doubtful, 91. 

-, Dross-headed, 68. 

, Dusky, 83. 

, Dwarfish, 41. 

, Eared, 42. 

, Elegant, 101. 

, Elliot's, 83. 

, Encenada, 48. 

, Eruginous, 104. 

, Ethiopian, 82. 

, Fedden's, 86. 



Woodpecker, Ferrugi- 
nous, 87. 

, Field, 94. 

, Fiery-eared, 58. 

, Fokien, 126. 

, Formosan, 35. 

, Formosan Green, 

73. 

, Eraser's, 90. 

, Funereal, 84. 

, Gaboon, 79. 

, Gairdner's, 44. 

, Geometrical- 
marked, 89. 

, Georgian, 44. 

, Gerin's, 101. 

, Goa, 63. 

, Gold-shafted, 64. 

, Golden-and-black, 

92. 

, Golden-backed, 95. 

, Golden-fronted, 103. 

, Golden-green, 106. 

, Golden-hooded, 101. 

, Golden-tailed, 81. 

, Golden-winged, 120. 

, Gould's, 33. 

, Grant's Three-toed, 

99. 

, Great Spotted, 32. 

, Green, 72. 

- , Green Three-toed, 
99. 

, Grey-headed, 74. 

, Guatemalan, 57. 

, Guerin's, 73. 

, Hairy, 45. 

, Half-cinnamon, 88. 

, Half-spotted, 76. 

, Harris's, 47. 

, Hartlaub's, 70. 

, Hartlaub's African, 

75. 

, Heart-spotted, 71. 

, Hedenborge's, 69. 

, Helmeted, 62. 

, Hemprich's, 65. 

, Herminier's, 117. 

, Himalayan, 33. 

, Hoary-fronted, 39. 

, Hoary-headed, 43. 

, Hoary-hooded, 104. 

, Hodges's, 86. 

, Hoffmann's, 100. 

, Honduras Bed, 112. 

, Hooded, 107. 

, Imperial, 53. 

, Indian Eufous, 124. 

, Jamaica, 102. 

, Japan, 41. 

, Japan Green, 72. 

, Jardine's, 50. 

, Jumana, 87, 88. 

,Kalean, 38. 



Woodpecker, Kamtschat- 
ka, 37. 

, Karelin's, 74. 

, Kaup's, 100. 

, Kirk's, 113. 

, Kirtland's, 109. 

, Lafresnaye's, 66. 

, La Plata, 94. 

, Lesser Black, 37. 

, Lesser Spotted, 36. 

, Littte, 44. 

-,Long Slender-billed, 

119. 

, Lucian's, 33. 

, Mace's, 37. 

, Madras, 95. 

, Madras Eufous, 125. 

, Magellanic, 54. 

, Mahratta, 39. 

, Malacca Tiga, 97. 

, Malherbe's, 54. 

, Malherbe's African, 

83. 

, Malherbe's Green, 

111, 

, Mandarin, 33. 

, Many-barred, 103. 

, Many-striped, 107. 

, Marked, 82. 

, Martin's, 46. 

, Mexican, 121. 

, Middle Spotted, 35. 

, Mitchell's, 40. 

, Mourning, 87. 

, Murine, 111. 

, Naked-eyed, 42. 

, Natalia, 52. 

, New Jersey, 44. 

, Northern Three- 
toed, 30. 

, Nubian, 82. 

, Nuttall's, 49. 

, Obsolete, 69. 

, Occipital, 73. 

, Ochraceous, 87. 

, Olive-coloured, 112. 

, Orange, 95. 

, Oregon, 45. 

, Ornament - headed, 

71. 

, Panama Scaly, 90. 

, Passerine, 111. 

, Persian, 35. 

, Philippine, 63. 

,Phillips's,46. 

, Pileated, 59. 

, Porto Eico, 115. 

, Purple- coloured, 77. 

, Eaffles's, 98. 

, Eayed, 102. 

, Bed, 75. 

,Eed-backed,96,97,98. 

, Eed-bellied, 60, 100. 

, Eed-cheeked, 90. 



INDEX. 



137 



Woodpecker, Red-cloak- 
ed, 63. 

, Red-crowned, 118. 

, Red-eared, 41. 

, Red-faced, 61. 

1 Red-fronted, 118. 

, Red-headed, 115. 

, Red-necked, 56. 

, Red-throated, 106. 

, Reichenbach's, 87, 

111. 

, Rivoli's, 122. 

, Robust, 56. 

, Rock, 122. 

, Royal Indian, 62. 

, Rubiginous, 58. 

, Rufous, 90. 

, Rusty, 103. 

, Sanguineous, 113. 

, Santa Cruz, 102. 

, Scaly-bellied, 110. 

, Scaly-breasted, 76. 

, Scaly-throated, 126. 

1 Scinde Pied, 36. 

, Scindian Orange, 95. 

, Sedulous, 109. 

, Selys's, 108. 

, Shoa, 70. 

, Shore's, 98. 

, Short-billed, 78. 

, Short-tailed Rufous, 

125. 

, Showy, 91. 

, Siberian, 35. 

, Slit, 50. 

, Small African, 66. 

, Smith's, 81. 

, Smoky, 112. 

, South African, 80. 

, Southern Pigmy, 42. 

, Spark-headed, 41. 

, Spotted African, 78. 

,Spotted-breasted,92. 

, Spotted-fronted,108. 

, Spotted Mexican,92. 

,Spotted-throated,77 . 

, Squalid, 70. 

, Stout-billed, 43. 



Woodpecker, Streaked- 
breasted, 124. 


Woodpecker, Yellow- 
necked. 75, 90, 115. 


, Streaked-crowned, 
123. 


, Yellow-sided, 92, 
, Yellow-throated, 


, Strickland's, 37. 


116. 


, Strict, 63. 


, Yucatan, 104. 


, Striking Striolated, 

77. 


Wryneck, 127. 
, Chestnut-throated, 


, Striped Three-toed, 
31. 


127. 
, Japan, 127. 


, Strong-billed, 57. 
, Sundan, 38. 


, North African, 127. 
, Rufous-breasted, 


, Syrian, 34. 
, Temminck's, 43. 


128. 


, Tenasserim, 71. 


X. 


, Tiga, 97. 


xanthoderus, 75. 


, Tncoloured, 100. 


Xantholsema, 5, 8. 


, Turat's,45. 
, Unspotted, 67. 
, Vaillant's, 73. 
-, Variegated, 43. 
, Verreaux's, 89. 
, Wagler's, 100, 101. 
, Wandering, 49. 
, White-backed,3o,85. 
, White-bellied, 85. 
, White-billed, 53. 
, White-footed, 108. 
, White-fronted, 102. 
, White-masked, 117. 
, White-shouldered, 


Xantholarynx, 116. 
XanthopicuB, 86. 
xanthopygaeus, 77. 
xanthopygius, 77. 
xanthoteenia, 105. 
Xenocraugus, 114, 117. 
Xenopicus, 114. 
Xiphidiopicus, 107. 
Xylobucco, 5, 15. 
Xylocopus, 31, 36. 
Xyloleptes, 52. 
Xylopogon, 19. 
Xylurgus, 32. 


61. 




, White-spotted, 80. 


Y. 


, White-tailed, 45. 


yucatanensis, 104. 


, White-thighed, 30. 


Yuncinae, 126. 


, White-throated,105. 
, Williamson's, 116. 


Yungipicus, 32, 40, 
Yunx, 23, 126. 


, Xanthusian, 36. 




, Xantus's, 50. 




, Yellow, 88. 


Z, 


, Yellow-and-Blaok, 


zanzabari, 65. 


92. 


zebra, 99. 


, Yellow-bellied, 51. 


zebrapicus, 99. 


, Yellow-crested, 74, 


zebripicus, 99. 


86. 


zeylanicus, 12, 13. 


, Yellow-fronted, 117. 


zeylonica, 13. 


, Yellow-headed, 105. 


zeylonicus, 13. 


, Yellow-naped, 74. 


zizuki, 41. 



Printed by TAYLOR and FRANCIS, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street. 



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