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( iii ) 




Annals of Mr. Bowyer*s Press, from 1732 to 1765, ... p. 1—461 
Essays and Illustrations. 

No. I. Memoirs of Mr. John Bagford 463 

IL '• Mr. George Ballard 466 

III. Rev. Thomas Carte> M. A 471 

■ Rev. Samuel Carte, M. A ibid, 

Samuel Carte, Esq. the Solicitor 481 

Rev. John Carte, LL. B ibid. 

rv. ■ Rev. John Jackson, M. A. . .* 519 

V. Rev. Zachary Grey, LL.D 5S« 

VI. Charles Compton, Esq 549 

VIL Rev. John Jortin, D. D. 550 

Samuel Johnson, LL D ibid. 

VIII. -*— — Martin Folkes, Esq 57S 

IX. Rev. Michael Lort, D.D. 594 

X. '' Nathanael Hooke, Esq 606 

XI. Rev. Richard Farmer, D. D 61S 

XII. Geoi^ Steevens, Esq 650 

XIII. Isaac Reed, Esq 664 

XIV. Additions to Dr. Lort 673 

XV. Memons of the Rev. Robert Markham, D. D 682 

XVL Letters ofRev.WilliamColetoDr.Ducarel,&c.685— 696 
XVII. Rev. Dr. Young and Rev. Mr. Jones of Weiwyn. . . . 697 
XVIII. Additions and Corrections 699—724 

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( 1 ) 




V/NE of the earliest publications from Mr. Bow- 
ya's press in the year 173 2 was,. 

^'ManDorum, Arundellianorum^ Seldenianoruin, 
•liorumque, AcademiaeOxoniensidonatorum*; unk 

* " Hie antient marbles that form the inost authentic hlstorv 
«f Greece, collected by lliomas Howard, evl of Arundei> auia 
given to this University by hb grandson Henry Duke of Norfolk, 
were first illustrated with a learned comment^ the year after they 
came over, by Selden. — ^Philip Earl of Arundel, father of the 
nolrfe collector, wa3 the greatest Antiquary in Europe, except 
Ftnlijiand de Medici. Persecuted by the intrigues of a jealous 
Court, to which hia owii father the great DuEe of Norfolk had 
£dlen a victim, he was preparhig to retire from England, an^ 
indulge his only ambition, the study of polite literature. Eliza- 
beth yeznanded him, and, not content with a heavy fine and im- 
priaonment, had him tried iBor treason. Beins imable to convict 
mm.of a^y thing but Popery, she left him to languisb nine years 
in prison, where he 9un)c under her displeasure and his own 
austerity. Amo^ the celebrated libraries of the age in this 
lungdofn his was the completest in the antiquarian way. Hii 
son Thomas inheiited his spirit and taste, with better fortuive. 
Too much of a patriot to be esteemed by James, too little of a 
parasite to cringe to his fkvouiite, too honest and disinterested 
to haye many Mends in tlieir parliament, he cQuld iiot attain to 
^ sea^ after the great Bacon, whp drew his last breath in his 
house at ifighg^te.' In Charles's first parliament he was instru* 
jnental %o the estabUshment of the fundamental priyik^ of the 
peerupe; and the King' seems to have observed his latner*s conr 
VotiU. B d}ict 

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cum variis Commentariis et Indice ; secunda Editio/* 

duct towards him, advancing him to employments unimportant 
in themselves or in which he was not left free to act. After pre- 
siding with imimpeached impartiality at the trial 6( the favourite 
minister, as the storm of ci%il distraction^ gathered round, he 
reti'eatod from a scene where modei*ation could not be heard, to 
pursue those studies to which he had always given the preference 
at home. The friend and patron of his late contemporaries, he 
introduced the elegance and aits of Greece and Rome into this 
angle of the world j superior to ambition, with abilities and re- 
venues equal to its largest views. Clarendon, without intending 
him so much honour, has drawn in hb character tlie picture of 
an independent English nobleman. — William Petty, afterwards 
knighted> whom the Earl sent into Asia in quest of antient mo- 
numents, bought these of a Turk, who took them from the agent 
of the famous Peircsk, w^ho had paid fifty pieces of gold for 
them, and was afterwards thi'own into (H'ison, and cheated of 
them. Petty lost one ship-load of his collex;tions, and narrowly 
saved himself. After the Earl retired to Italy; 1641, many of 
these curious monuments, which lay at Arundel house in tl^ 
Strand, were stolen, or ciit up by masons and worked into houses. 
Above 130, which was scai'ce haif, surviving this calamity, Hemy 
Howard, earl marshal, grandson to the noble collector, when he 
pulled down Arundel house, made a present of them to tliis Uni- 
versity, at the instigation of John Evelyn, esq. of BalioL Th&f 
were ranged in the wall surroimdin^ the court of the Theatre, 
marked with the initial letter of the donor's name, and a pillar 
erected with an inscription under his arms. Upon Selden*^ 
death, 1654, his executors added his collection of antiquities, 
JSir George Wheeler gave those he had collected, chieHy at Athens; 
and the University bought several other marbles of merchants 
who brought them over. Those parts of the Earl of Arimdcl's 
Collection which were not sent to Oxford were preserved at 
Tart hall, or Stafford house, near St. JamesVpark gate, by Buck- 
ingham house, where some of tlic statues were buried in the 
court-yard during Outes's j.«lot. (See an account of their disper- ' 
sion ill Ml*. Theobald's letter to Lord Willoughby, inserted in 
** Historical Anecdotes of the Howard family,. by Charles How- 
ard, 1769." 12)110.) Many very fine statues, &c. were removed to 
the bottom of the garden of i^xundel house, and placed imder a 
colonnade > in pulling down which, by the carelessness of the 
workmen emploj^ to build the new streets thereabouts, many 
received much damage. Sir William Fermor, however, purchased 
the best of them. Those that were too much injured to deserve & 
place at Oxford or Easton-Nestor, near Towcester, Nortliampton- 
ahire, the seat of theEarl of Pomfr^t, when the site of Aiiindel house 
was converted into a street, were begged by one Boyden Cuper, 
who had been servant in the &mily, and removed them to Cu})er*8 
gardens, where they were much abused. Here Aubrey lost sight 
of them 5 but when Dr. Rawlinson published bis History of 


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folio; which was b^un in l/^S, and contains 

Sorrey^ he inserted, vol. V. p. 283, eight plates of beautiful frag- 
ments of statues alid bas-relie& (all which were copied in the 
" Histoiy of Lambeth, 1786)." Mr. Waller of Beaconsfield, and 
Mr. Freeman of Fawely^ gave Cuper 752. for them 1717j and divided 
them between them. Dr. Stukeley says, the anticpie statues at 
Thorp, near Peterborough, came out of the Arundel Collection. 
(Itin. Cur. I. 79.) Th^ statue of a Roman senator, which in its 
mangjpid state shewed a fine drapery, and was lately in the gar- 
den at Someraet-house, is believed to have come out of this Col- 
loctionj— The rest having been removed by the Duke of Norfolk 
to a piece of ground on the opposite side of the river, were, upon 
that gproond being converted to a timber-yard and wharf, buried 
under the rubbish brought to raise it from the foundation of 
St I^ul's. Mr. Theobald's fether, who held the yard 1712> 
digging foundations, turned up many fragments, wluch his son 
gave to Lord Boiiii^on. A bas-relief stands under an obelisk 
atChiswick. The late LcnrdPetre digging there afterwards found 
six trunks, some colossal statues, with fine drapery, which are 
now at Wwksop. Mr. Theobald cut some blocks of grey marble^ 
which had pnAiaUiy contained inscriptions, into sfafas for his 
house, the Bdvidere, at Lambeth^ and made a piece of a column 
a roller for his tountiy-hoose at W&ltham, Berks. A colossus of 
ApdUo, whose head is at Oxford, is said to He under the houses 
in Arundd-street (Stukeley, Itin. 1. 30) ; and I think I have some-- 
where read that an entire small obelisk is covered by the houses 
of one side of that street. Mr. Aisbbie, who inhabited one of the 
new*built houses heie, found a broken statue in his cellar, which tie 
carried down to hb seat at StudleyP&rk in Yorkshire. TheSociety 
of Antiquaries have Dr. Milles's drawing of a sarcophagus, of white 
marble, beloi^ing to Mr. Rogers, apothecary, of Howwrd-street, 
1748. Theobald says this sarcopht^us was in the cellar of Mr. 
James Adamson, w1m> lived in the comer-house on the left hand 
going into tl^ lower part of Norfolk-street, 1757.— The Earl 
endeavoured to procure the obelisk since erected in the Piazza 
Navona, and would have removed several other statues had not the 
Pope opposed it (Evelyn's Numismata, p. 65.) Qaroddon says he 
paid for them, but was not allowed to fetch them away. ^ (I. 56.) 
The remaining curiosities lodged at Tart hall, afterwards Stafibrd 
house, were sold by auction about the year 1750; and there 
Dr. Mead bought his fine head of Homer, purchased at his sale 
for 1362. l^ Brownlow Earl of Exeter (uncle of the late Marquis)^ 
who r^osited it in the British Museum. 

I s. d. 

Pictures sold for 812 7 O 

Prints.../ 168 17 4 

Draughts 299 4 7 

Japan 698 11 O 

Gilt, &c. plate 462 1 11* 

Qystal vases 364 3 O 

b2 Ante 

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4 .UTEHAAV ANfiCDOtM OF [1732* 

175 rfieets. Thid bfeantifui vdtttM (of which only 
300 copies were printed on a crown paper, and 

Agale cups 108 19 O 

Jew^« and Mieft curiosities » . . Q46f 7 W 

Medab ....«) 10 « 

Odd plate 170 <f 7 

Cabioets and china w 1959 19 O 

HoushDld fuinitiiite >...ll99 A O 

CWdlote ..758 13 3 

8Sd^ O 114 
Soiety of j^h^iqnarm Mbmtes, 
Mr. Walpoie (AaeaA. ill. dS)> sa>« Mr. We^ had the printed 
Catak)g;ufe (which wan miflerablf dtocvm up) with the pHces^ and 
that the inde prodtibed 6536/. 

The fich cohectkm of medals •was gathered by DatiielNisiiin (Eve* 
lyn, Nunrismatai tp. 945) . The cameos and intagKos were by Maiy 
Duchfeas of NortUk bequeathed to her seoond husband Sir John Ger^ 
BQayne^ ^Mrase widow haxing t)fiered them to the British Museum 
for 10,000/. gave them to ttvefireMnt Duke of Marlborough. The 
Cupid ami F^cfae engra\'ed by Bartoloaisi^ its in the first edititm of 
BryaHt^s Atadent Mythology^ vol. I. The same gem ^vas also 
engraved bySh«rwin#[)r the secotid edition <3tf that work. Mr.Adani 
Mutin sliRwed the Society of Antiqnark^, 1769> two hundi«d wax 
impresBicms of gems and seids by tiie Eati of Arundel. Sir Andrew 
Fountain took an exact list and description of them all. <Sotietyof 
Antiquaries Minutes. )--in Lord Ondow*sgrorto, atWe^Clandon^ 
Surr^^ is an Arundelian maHifte rspreseifting a tall peftton holding 
asorc^, aM taking a shorter man by tiibhsand^bef^e a pillar sur- 
BKHftnted fay an imager hehind the tall figure ahorse's hcad^ and 
two boyfe beio^. faiscr^ition, O Afm<^ AtONYSfOK AlOXYSIOr 
Tor MHTt>OAnt>or : anppwed by Mr.^ence to be some jockey 
of Argos in Peioponnesus^ adndtted by a genius eft officer to the 
Ikeedom <tf tlie city. Mr. Webb gave Hie Society of Antiquaries 
a bad dn^ng Of it by JcAin Iltt0sel> 1759. litis fnarble was 
a%raved wkh Mr. S^pence's account of it in the Gentleman's 
Magaane» ikpoA a77^> p. 17^ <;oiKpare iPrid. Ix^ii. Mait. cxlii. 
Mar. Ox. cxW, Two rdiefe in <he tetter (exxrr . and-cx'xxviii.) 
have the horae's^hcall^ tvhidi ie a toieral embl^Yii^ and the in- 
seriirtion is fireqilent there N^lian Ae parties were buried or hon- 
oured with on epitaph at <he public expemm. Compare also u 
fiuieral knoMment in Count Oaylus, tom.'Vi. pi. Ijdii. 1.— The 
statues belonging to the Pomt^t Co^etiMi ^f&mg part of l^e 
inheritancfe of the eldest branch of the family, since dukes of 
Norfolk, fell into the hands of the Duchess ^^o was divorced 
1699, and being by her sold .to the last Earl of Pomftet's fether, 
were some time preser\ ed at his seat in Northan^onshire j but 
in 1755 given by tlie late Countess Dowager of Pbmftet to this 
University. Tliese, i\ith tlie antient inscriptions collected by 
Sir George VVheelBr, and Mesfiis. Dawkins, Bouvem, and Wood, 
^uaibg their tra^eLs some of which Dr. Rawlinsou bought out of 


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six copies 00 a large writing aie<iittiii*) ivuput^ished 
by subBcriptioo ^« 

The hisfaHy of tbi^ eleg&nt volume is thus given 
in a oontemporaiy Review ; and was piDbafaly written 
by our learned Printer: 

'^ The Marmpra Anmdellkma were first published 
by tibe great $eld?n in \S2^ %. In the year 1676^ 

I^rd 0](ford's or Kemp's G>lleetion, and v^irious ft^gments of 
our own autiquities^ have been aH united together, and ehgrjived 
by MIUbt, ait the Universkjr'ft'expeiice, in ^* UtimfRora Oxoniensia. 
CbL. 1763.** foL a wwH ^ 46rigi»V>f>vrhid» yn^ iovnoitali^ the 
Univeisi^^ the oatioa» ao^ t}^.a^ Tiie ipscrwtioiiB luce tinss* 
cribed \\ith great exactness, revised by Mr. RicWd Chandler of 
Magdalen college^ wiio prefixei) an historical pre&ce, an<[ a short 
accDunt of each vvkh jcriiical notes 5- and a copious mdeK by 
Mr, Loveday, g^ntleump epnm^oi^, 44 Mb^^s^H*' Gof^^'$ 
Anecdotes of British Tppograpbyy .vol. II. pp. l?7-f-13Ui. 

-* In a letter printed in yol. I. p. 191, Mr. Maittaire tells Lord 
Oxfoid .Hiat '* he repents of haiing printed so many copies as 
300, when dOO ni^ have nifficed; * * . 

t It«pfeaiBbyaaadvertiae^Qieo[)t,l^)50aheet9WQr^wraug^ 
offin Ai:igu^l729; ^;t4d thai^, thpugh tb>J^ worJI( cQz^t^n^ a^t leaat 
half as many more sheets as wipre at ^rst propose^, the j^ce to 
«ib6criben (whick was two guineas sm a half) was ngt in*> 
creased. TooOieif, it WBsx£ndio^tirie,9uija^as. 

{ '* My copy of Selden Iws, ' Typis et Impensis Guiliehni 
Stanesbeu, MDCXXVJIi; Others bave^ 'Apwd Joaanejftx Bil- 
fium, 1629." — lo this WorkJWr. SeJd*jn was assisted by E. James 
and Patrick Young, at the (jesii-e of Sir JS^pbert Cottpipi. Tliey 
began with the treaty between the M£|^P9M9J0s ^id Sowrneans 
to staod by Seleticus^ whoi^. ^H bis subj^t^^ f^cept the l^st, 
liad deserted} tiU bis ill fortAUie b^vm^ tb^a) r<>und agaia. 
Copies of this being soon ^qii^ $^d#n> tp )|reveat the in* 
accuracy of tno^cijfcers, .priAtedM with twpty-eii^t other Greek- 
and ten Rooian io^qrij^ns (some pf tb^ai his o\v^) under the 
title of '' Mflonnora Arunddiaaa> ^Ive sa^a Greece inoisa ex vene^ 
raodis priscss .4iri^ti^ $\-9X}» JudeT^ws, ay^piciis 3c impensis 
tierois Qlustrisisimi Thom^pooutis AmpdelU^e & Surrise, comitis 
jnarescalli Ax^DitRj pri4^iji vjpdicata & in ^dibvbs ejus hprtisque 
cqgnominibus^ ad Thamesis ripa^b di^poslta* Acoc^uixt inscrip* 
tiones aliquot vet^ X^Ui ^% lopupHetissixno ^usdcQi yetustatis 
thesanio sdectae; auctapplum itei^ aliupide sumptum : publica^ 
vit & Qoom^at^riQlps a^^it Joa^imes S^denus.- J. C. Lond. 
)629.*' 4to.-**-Tbat a jsiog^le j^tion pf suqh curious matters, 
which too were race tbep, should not be bought up greedily at 
Jiomeaod abroad, dotbOPgrn^thonovu' to the taste aadjearplng 
of tixDCs whicbi^ u^ apt to adxpir^. There is certainly another 
cdidooin the.thkd volume of tbe joagoificeiit edition of his Works 
in J7S6, perhaps without aay additions, which is extraordinary. 

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the Marmora Oxoniensia came out, which, besides 
the Arundel Marbles, cohtained such as. had been 
presented to the University by Mr. Selden and se- 
veral other munificent benefactors. The learned 
Mr. Maittaire has now publt^hed a second edition 
of that work, which will doubtless be very accept- 
able to all the learned world, particularly to all 
Jovers of antiquity ; that gentleman's great abilities 
for such an undertakings being universally known 
and acknowledged *. (n this edition the reader 
will find first of all the Greek inscriptions, together 
with the Appendix, then the Latin, and afterwards - 
four Hebrew, all in large capital letters. After this, 
there is the Greek text again in a less character, 
with a Latin translation by Selden, Prideaux, and 
Price, p. 1 to 99. In the next place, follow entire 
Dissertations or Comments of learned Men, all apart 
by themselves; as, 1. Selden's Commentaries, fit)m 

£. 99 to 197. 2. Price's Notes on the third Marble, 
om p. 197 to 200. 3. Palmerius's Notes and 
Supplements to the first Marble, from p. 200 to 
223. 4* Lydiat's^-I* Annotations upon the same, 

'as one should think the learned author would keep improving 
his copf. This quarto edition is a poor mean blind one in 184 
pages, including errata, &c. and by no means equal in typogra- 
phical execution to the merit of the subject. T. F.'* 

* ** This might be said by a complimenting Reviewer 5 but 
what can we t£mk of an Editor that would not pay one singly 
visit to them M together at Oxford ?*' T. F. 

t " The upper part of the Parian Chronicle, conjLaining forty- 
five lines, is supposed to be worked-up in repairing a chimney. 
Lydiat, while confined in the King's Bench for a debt of surety- 
ship for his brother, wrote annotations on this Chronicle, which 
were first published by Prideaux. Wood says, he criticized se- 
verely on Selden's remarks ; and, instead of calling him a most 
Ju(^iciaus author, only styled him an vndustriom one, which 
SekVn was weak enoiTgh to resent so highly, as to refuse to 
contribute towards his release. Athen. Ox. II. 89. ITiis seems to 
be a i)iece of mere tittli>-tattle ^ for in the printed notes, p. 13, 
he calls him indmtrha et eruditus amicus noster Seldenvfi. Th^s 
stone should have been engraved in the Marmora Oxoniensia, 
like the Marmor Sandvicense, This copy has some faults, be- 
sides not giving the true idea of the length of the gaps, or the 
%:uc position of the letters on the stone u(i more thux one single 

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from p. 2^2 to 395. 5.. Marsham's Comihentaries 
on the fifty-eight first Epooh'as of the same Marble, 
from p. 295 to 309. 6. Prideaux's perjjetual Com- 
mentary on the Marbles, from p, 309 to 509. 
7. Some Notes of Reinesius upon the Marbles^ 
from p. 509 to 524. S. Spontus's Notes on some 
of the Marbles, from p. 524 to 5^7- 9- Chishull's 
Notes on the third Marble, from p. 527 to 532. 

10. Conections from Smith's Epistle concerning 
the Seven Churches of Asia,, from p. 532 to 533. 

11. Other Corrections from Bentley's Dissertatioa 
on Phalaris's Epistles, from p. 533 to 540. 12. Maf- 
fei's Translation of the first and second Marbles into 
Italian, with Notes, from p. 540 to 549* Lastly, 
Dodwdl's Chronological Tables on the first Marble, 
from p. 549 to 553- 

" After such various comments by so many 
learned men, our Editor thinks he mignt very weU 
have put an end to the work here, and oeen excused 
from any farther trouble ; but, having engaged him- 
self by promise in his proposal, he has given us some 
conjectures and remarks of his own, as well upon the 
comments of those learned men before mentioned, 
as upon the Marbles themselves, from p. 553 to 605. 
Besides which, he has added a very copious Index*, 
both of Things and Words, with short notes fre- 
quently interspersed, from p. 605 to 667, 

" As to the order in which the Marbles are 
placed in this edition, our Editor has not thought 
It necessary to keep to the same that was observed 
in the Oxford edition, where they were placed 
according to the order in which they stood in 
their repository near the Theatre; but, since they 
have i)een removed from thence to a more com- 
modious place, he judges it best to come, as 
near as possible, to the method used by Selden, 
Grutcr, and others, who have shewed their skill 

line, which alone happens to be perfect, as Pklmerius com- 
plained long ago." Gough*s British Topography, vol. II. p. 129. 
* On Mr. Maittaire 8 talent at index-making see the " £sss\ra 
stfkd ninstrations" in vol. IV. N© XV, 


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8 LitfiftAUT AtcEcbBTfts 6f [i73*- 

land dexterity in recovering tod adjasting curioMtieft 
of this kind. Our Editor farther informis u», that 
both in the Greek and Latin Marbles, where thert 
arfe statues or figures-^ either with or without inscrip* 
tions, they are all placed last: and those atatuei 
and figures are engraved anew, with the addition of 
two that were before omitted *," 

In rttum for a copy of this work, Mr. Bowyer 
received the following letter from Mr. Clarke : 

" I thank you much for my copy of the Qjcfori 
Marbles ; 1 am pleased with it, and believe thei* 
IS no great danger of a nevV impression-f. Mr. Maii* 
taire ;}: has shewn a great deal of modesty ^nd dili- 
gence, as well as learning, in the vv^ork ; I do nol 
!Bee how feuch ^ heap of Commentaries can be other- 
wise disposed of than in the manner he has placed 
Ithem §. There is a note, at the bottom 6f the 
lirst page of his Preface, that 1 wafe a little in 
doubt about, tte tells you that Colojtofesius in 'th6 
j-ear I665 had heard of a larger [| Commentary of 

* iPreseiit State of Kepublick of Letters, Vol. I'X. p. 139. 

t '' Yet there has been a neti^ impressldn, though tivithout 
notes, by Dr. Chandler. • An anonymons writer (Gent. Mag, 
vol. LXIX. p. 2d7)> in a liberal epistle on the Arundel cor- 
lection, expresses a wish that the Univei-sity would give a fac- 
simile of the Parian marble 3 wliich was also the wish of that old 
soldier and good Grecian, Jac. Palmerhis k Gr^nfbnesnil, whd 
published an excellent philological work in 166B, containing^ 
potes and con^ctions on thirty capital Greek authors (reckoninff 
the Arundel Marbles $is one) in about 800 quarto pages; his firS 
Work, when he \\tis 80 years oldj and had been a soldier from 20, 
till disabled by.age arid the stone. His own short preface is woitk 
readlbg, and perhaps reprinting. I cannot help observiag^ that 
SO or 40 years ago this book sold for 4s. and that now it .gene^^ 
hJlj goes for ^. To be siue, later editions of Several bf th^e 
authors have, s6 far as they have gonte, lowei^d the vahie of ouf 
truly honest Critic ; but as, like the Sibyls* leaves, t!hereris eiiougl| 
in conscience still left fbr the money, 1 am apt to think that these 
studies are iallen one eighth in price : 1 wish they may ha\e takei^ 
a better tnm." T. F. 1785. 

X Of whom see the Essays and Ilhistrations in vol. IV. No. XV. 

§ They might have been disj^ed of -in the iiianner of th* 
Variorum edition of the ClAssicks. T.R 
■ .11 It is not impfobablci>ut that Selden himself might have %nt 
lai*g;ed Ids Commentary. T. K 


Digitized by VriOOQlC 


Seidell's*, and seen one of M. de Grentemea- 
nil^y &c. then adds at last, NtUla autem illius 
Cammentarii^ wliich is ambiguous ;{;, though to be 
sure he means Selden's. j^ery reader does not 
know immediately that M. de Grentemesnil is the 
gentleman that follows at No. 3 ^/' 

Among other books printed in this year were, 
** Apparatus ad Lii^am Gnsecam, ordine novo 
ac fecili digestus, &c. Auctore (ieorgio Thompson, 
JE. A. P. jl Scholeeque Grammaticae apud Tottenham 
Altae Crucis Magistro." 

" Sermons and Discourses on Practical Suligects, 
never before printed. By Robert Moss, D, D. late 
Dean of Ely, and Preacher to the Honourable So^ 

♦ " A person was employed to prepare a new edition of Sel- 
den*8 Commentary, which liad been ibund very incorrect, and to 
in^rt the lidcKtional marbles. This being delayed three yean, 
feshop Fell employed Prideaux j who published them under the 
title of ^ Marmora Oxoniensia, ex ArundeVianis, Seldenianis, 
jdiisqtie conflata ; recensuit, et jierpetuo commentario eipiicavk^ 
Hmxrpkridus Prideaux, cedis'Christi alunmtxs, apposdtis ad coram 
nonnuUa Seldeni et Lydiati annotaetionibus. Accessit Scrtoiii 
tirsati F^ovtni de notis Romanorum commentariis. Oxon. 
16716," folio. Many mscriptions in Selden's book, which nevej* 
cot to Oxfofd, were thrown with others into im appendix. Thfe 
book growing scaice, Mr. Veaive of Edmimd HaM luidertook in * 
lySl to reprint it, with leave of the author, now advanced in 
yektB } who recommended it to him to correct the manv errotA 
occasioned by his own youth and the hurry of the jweae ; Vmt, on 
Kis declining this. Dr. David Wilkins undertook ft in 1736, hi- 
tending to add the Pomfin^ and Pembroke collections. Mait- 
taitc perfbrmed the first part of the *^i^ in 1T32, inserting; 
the coi^ectures and connections of vaiious learned men 5 but 
mfer once consulted the marbles themselves, and totidly omitted 
3WTieter's monuments." British Topography, vol. II. p. 131.-^ 
'• l^orsini's excellent account of the Greek S^lse would noW make 
i much more suitable and interesting Supplement.'* T. F. 

-f Or, . as he is called in p. 8, PalmerniSy by which bame he is 
ttiost commonly known. T. R 

t Dr.lMlor had pointed out to me Maittaire*s ambiguous 
kngtttge. T. F. 

§ m, Owke to Mr. Bowyer, July 14, 1733. 

U i*. fecctesrtfe Angiicanae Presbytcro. He was assisted bf 
ffr. Morluid, Mister of St. RmVs, Mr. Thomas Pilgrim, Greek 
RrofeBsor at CHtnbri^ PSrd&ssor Ward, Dr. Patrick, and Dtp. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

10 . LITERARY ANECDOTES or [l732* 

ciety. of Gray's Innl Published from the Originals, 
at the Request of the Society, with a Preface, giving^ 
some Account of the Author, by a learned Hand f 
4 vols. 8vo. 

A variety of Miscellanies by Dean Swift * ; which 
involved Mr. Bowycr in a dispute with Mr. Pope^ 

* The copy-right of a considerable puinbcr of Dr. Swift's 
fugitive essays wove conveyctl to Mr. Bowycr, for valuable 
consideration, by the Rev. Mr. Pilkington, to who), they had 
been given by the Dean ; as appears by some of Mr. P.lkinglon's 
letters to Mr. Bowyer, in the collection of Swift's V/orks : ** I 
ha^'c sent you some of the pamphlets I promised^ in as large a 
pai'cel as I could venture," says Mr. Pilkington in one oi those 
letters, dated Aug. 28, 1732. — " The Dean has, with his own 
hands, made some alterations in some of them. I will, by next 
post^ or next but one, send you another pamphlet at least, and a 
new assignment from the Dean. He received a letter from Mr. 
Pope and Mr. Motte ; but neither have been of the least disad- 
vantage to, my request. I cannot say but I am proud of the 
firmness of his friendship to me." — Mr. Pope appears to have had 
an intention of publishing a second collection of Miscellanies by 
Dr. Swift ; who tells him, *' As to those papers of four or five 
years past, that you are pleased to require soon^ th^y consist of 
little accidental -things written in the country, family amuse* 
ments, never intended £arther than to divert ourselves, and some 
neighbours : or some eiects of anger on public grie\^anccs here, 
which would be insignificant out of this kingdom. Two or three 
of us had a fency, three years. ago, to write a weekly paper, and 
call it 9X1 Intelligencer. But it continued not long; for the 
tvhole volume (it was reprinted in London, and, I find, you have 
Been it) was the work only of two, myself and Dr. Sheridan. If 
we could have got some ingenious young man to have been the 
manager, who should have published all that might be sent to 
him, it might have continued longer, for there were hints 
enough. But the Printer here could not afibrd such a young 
man one farthing for his trouble, the sale being so small, and 
the price one half-penny 5 and so it dropt. In the volume you 
saw' (to answer your questions), the 1, 3, 5, 7, wei-e mine. Of 
the 8th I writ only the verses (very uncorrcct, but against a 
fellow we all hated) ; the 9th mine, the 10th only the vei^ses, 
and of those, not the fotir last slovenly Unes ^ the 15th is a 
pamphlet of mine, printed before with Dr. Sheridan's Prefiice, 
merely for laziness not to disappoint the Town ; and so was the 
1 9th, which contains only a parcel of facts relating purely to 
the miseries of Ireland, smd wholly useless and unentertaining. 
As to the other things of mine since I left you 5 there are in prose, 
^ View of the State of Ireland-, a Project for eating Children; 
and A Defence of Lord Carteret : in verse, A Libel on Dr. Delano 
and Lord Carteret 5 A Letter to Dr, Delany on the Libels writ • 


Digitized by 



that ultimately tended to his advantage, ' as it 
served to confirm that good opinion of his abilities 
and int^rity which Mr. Pope had long before en- 
tertained *. 

mgainst him ; The Barrack (a stolen copy) } The Lady's Journal ; 
The Ladjfi Dressing Room (a stolai copy) i The Plea of the 
Damned (a stokii copy) : all these have been printed in Lmdfm. 
(I forgot to tdl you that the Tale of Sir Ralph was sent from 
England) Besides these^ there are five or six (perhaps more) 
papers of verses writ in the North, but perfect fiunily-things, 
two or three of which may be tolerable ; the rest but indii&rent^ 
and the humour only local, and some that would give ofience to 
the times. Such as they are, I will bring them, tolerable or 
bad, if i recover this lameness, and live long enough to see you 
dther here or there." Dr, Swift to Mr, Pope, June 1% 1732. 

On the subject ci Swift's Miscellanies, the following letter to 
Mr. Motte, dated Aug. 16, 1739 (of which I have the OriginalJ 
was first printed in Gent. Mag. vol. LXXIV. p. 9 : " Sxr, Had I 
bad y« the least thought you wd have now desired what you be- 
fore so deliberately refiised, I wd certainly have preferred you to 
any other bookseller. All I cd now do was to speak to Mr, Gil- 
liver, as you requested, to give you the share you v^ have in yt 
property, and p} set aside my obligation and covenant with him 
so fur, to gratify the Dean and yourself. You caimot object, I 
think, wi£ any reason, to the terms which he pays, and which 
at the first wcord he agreed to. I am^ Sir, your friend and 
servant, A. Pope." 

« To this Mr.Oarke alludes, in a letter dated Dec. 18, 17383 
" I hone the great afibirs about property in Irish Wit are in a 
way of being amicably adjusted, and that Mr. Pope and you 
agree to divide the interest of it It is awkward dealing with a 
man who stands foremost in bis profession, and at such a distance 
from the rest of them, especially if he be a Wit or a Critick. He 
then imagines himself absolute in his own province, and that every 
thinff he meddles vrith belongs to it— ^disputing with him is 
touching his prerogative, and the way to fall under his resent- 
inent Have you come off safe from this dangerous ccmtroversy ? 
or is Mr. Pope less assuming since he has drawn-K>ff such a quan- 
tity of spleen into the Duneiad?' — May 5, 1733, Mr. Clarke thus 
again begins a letter : '' I wish you joy of the peaceful situation 
you seem to be in at present, and hope your di4>utes are finished 
to your sadfi&ctjpn. I have heard that Ladies of the first rank 
begin to espouse your side of the question, and fell upon your 
powerfol Advenary $ that Lady Betty Gennaine particularly has 
written a most severe satire upon him : I have not seen it, but 
wonder you should take no notice that the feir sex are not at all 
in his interest. For niy part, 1 generally prefer peace before 
victory ; and your letters confirm me in these sentiments. You 
talk of the dispute with more candour than either the victors 


Digitized by 



'' M. De la Motray^^s Letter to Voltaire.'' 
'^ Discourse of Architecture," by Mr. Gibbs ♦. 

er the vanqui&hed are used \a do. iBut^ whatever are the tenxi» 
of your accommodation, I like the issue of it extremely, as it 
gives you leisure to talk of it with your friends in the country." 

* This ingeiB0U8 Ardhitect was born at Abei:deen in 1683, tmd 
Kudied his art in Italy. Mr. Gwynne, in his ^ London and 
WestmiAiA^r improved,** p. 44«-^, gays ©C trim, that " no ar- 
dutiect siBce Sir Chrfetopher Wren €wep had a ijctter dppmtumty 
tf displaying his eenSas in the great style of Architecture. He 
vras employed in milAding aad nspair ing sefml of (he prin<^paf 
churches m London, and he has ao^tt^ hfhnseif npofi the 
whole tolerably well. St. Martin'0 in tlie tields i« esteemed one 
»f the tort in the city> though far from befrig so fine as it » 
UMiafly ]^)re8ented. The Nm Church in the Strand is an ex* 
pensive rich design, without the least appearance <if grandeur. 
He also dcMgned fiarthc^imew's liospital, and a great number 
of houaoB fer persons of distmctioaj but thei^ appears netlring 
uncommon or new in them, and he was nether a masnerist in 
things of that land. }fe made designs (iwr tln^ ndes of f he 
t^adrangle of King*s college, Ounbddge, in a mod^n st)4e^ 
without any regard to the part already buHt, though he coft-^ 
fosses the chapel is the finest Gothic pile he ever ^saw. This cus* 
torn of mixing Gothic abd modem architecture in <4ie same pile 
4>f building has also been practised in ^the University of Oxford 
^th gvedt success, amd serves to shew that very little attenftioii 
46 paid to taate and elegance in a plaoe where one ^woi^ expect 
to find bardly any thing else. It rather shews that modem Ar- 
K^itects do iicM: undeistond Gothic, or prdEer their owf) vagaries 
to it. Both these cbservattie'Bs are too tnie. Another itfistance 
^ this etroneous practice he has given at Dei4»y, Avbere he !has 
mdded to a fine rich Gothic steeple a church of the Tuscan order, 
which, in his account of the work* lie^pres^y says is suitetbk 
to the old sleepk/* — At the opening «f the Ratclifie library, 
tUsc. Qibbs was cximpHmenied W|r the University with ^w degree 
•idf M. A. He soon after pubiybed '' A Descnpttoii cif the fi- 
;fcrary.'* — Mr. Walpole observes, tha* ** "Oftrbs, like Vanbnigh, 
'had no avsrsion to ponderosity ^ but, not being endued wiHi 
much invention, was only r^darly lieavy. His praise was 
'fidelity to rules 5 his &iKng, ^awt ^ grace.*'— J"* About the year 
3790 (i now use the woitk «€ Mr. Walpok) be became the ar- 
chitect most in vcgiie, and Ae next year gave the ^design of 
St. Martin's church, which ms fimflfeed in^^ Tears, and -c^ist 
thirty-two thousand pounds, ffis likewise was 6t.lCary*s in ^ 
Strand, a monument of the piety, more thiin^'Ae taste of thQ 
natidh. l^e new church M f)<Hrby wi(s anoflwr of his wofks j 
00 was the tiew building at Kbig^s >coMege, Omibridge, and the 
.«eif)ate-hmue there, the latter olF wliich was not sobad as to justffy 
^rectiiig the midifle building m a style veiy dissonant. Hie Rat-* 
eliffe Lftbraiy is more eseeptionable> and seems to-have-suiik into 


Digitized by 



" IVoposak for printing by Subscription, Ebora- 
aim ; or, the History and Antiquities of the City 
of York, from its Original to the present Year, 
Tt^ether with the History of the Cathedral Churchy 
and the Lives of the Archbishops of that See, from 
the first IntiHxJuction of Christianity into the Northern 

die grmmd ^ «r» as Sorali Duchess of Marfborough said by an- 
olher bmhdiag, it looks as if it was Ritdung; a cuitsy. Gibbs, 
though he knov little of Gothic ardiitectufe> was more fortunate 
in the quadrangle of All Souls, which he has bluodered into a 
pictHresque scciwry, not void of grandeur, esped^ly if seen 
ckrough the gate that leads from the schools. The assemblage 
^ btaldiags m thai quarter, tboii^ no sii^k one is bemitlfulf 
always sitmck me with singular pleasure, as it conveys such n 
vision of large edifices^ unbroken by ])rivate houses^ as the mind 
is apt to entertain of reno>\nied cities that exist no longer. In 
17^ Gibbs published a large folio of his own designs, ^hich I 
think will eoaium the character I have given of his works, lib 
arched windows, hb rustic-laced windo>v>>, his barbarous build? 
ings for gardens, his cumbrous chimney-pieces, and vases with- 
<N]t grace, anc striking proofs of his want of taste. He got 1 f^OOl. 
by this pid>Iicatioi\, ami sold iht pdiEtes afterwards for 400^ more^ 
His reputation was however established -, wad the IbUowing com'* 
l^inient, preserved by Yertue, on his monument of Prior ta 
Westminster-abbey, shews that he did not want fond admirers : 
' mile GMm dbplBys \m elegant deragn. 
And Rysbrack's art does in the sculptuie shhie. 
With due cou^pofiure a«d proportion just;, 
Adding new lustre to the finished bust. 
Each artist here perpetuates his name^ 
ibid shams wilkFrior«ii immoital fame. T, Wf 

** There are Ihree prints oi Gibbs ; one from a picture of 
Hiiyrwing, aaofher from one of Sdnryder, a SwLjs, who >vas 
afiterwards |«ukiter to the King of dwed^, and the third [a mez- 
zotintohy Mac Ardelf] from Hogarth. Gibbs wa3 al&icted with 
the gravel and stone, «md r^'cnt to Spa in 1740, but did not die 
^ Atigust S, 1754. He bequeathed an hundred pounds to St. 
Boitholflttew'B Nospitiil, of whkh he was architect and gover* 
nor^ the same to the Fousdling Hospital, and his library and 
prints to the Ratclifle library at 0.\fbrd, beskies charities, and 
legacies to his relations tmd friends." Anecdotes of Painting, 
15W, vfoL IV. jp. 44— «7.—" The lines on Prior's monument 
fiknv -at ktst that this single specimen of ^bbs's^duU hud one 
admirer ; but who is T. W. and what is his weight on this occa- 
sion f it is certain thsct Gibbs was much eni]>loyQd ; and that is 
»» contemptible <!onim«idation for an artrsjt, and looks as if 
these were no better nt the time. He succeeded to a very bad 
period of ai-cliltccts." T. F, 

' Parts 

Digitized by 



Parts of this Island, to the present State and Condi- 
tion of this magnificent Fabrick. Collected fix)m 
authentic MSS. public Records, antient Chronicles, 
and Modern History. By Francis Drake, of the 
City of Vork, Gent." 

" A Report from the Committee appointed to view 
the Cottonian Library, and such of the Public Re- 
cords of this Kingdom as they think proper; and to 
report to the House the Conditions thereof, toge* 
ther with what they shall judge fit to be done for 
the better- Reception, Preservation, aud more con- 
venient Use of me same ;" folio. 

** A Report from the Committee, to whom all the 
Books, Instruments, and Papers, relative to the Sale 
of the Estate of James Earl of Derwentwater were 
referred;*' folio. 

'^ The several ^Reports, with the Appendix which 
is to one of them, from the Committee of the House 
of Commons, to whom the Petition of the Proprietors 
of the Charitable Corporation for Relief pf Industri- 
ous Poor, by assessing them with small Sums upon 
Pledges at Legal Interest, assembled in their General 
Court, was referred; and the Proceedings of the 
House thereupon ;** folio. 

Several editions of the ^' Case of the Charitable 

*^ A good Magistrate a Public Blessing; a Sermon 

S reached before the Right Honourable the Lord 
layor, and Court of Aldermen, and the several 
Livenr Companies of the City of London, at the 
Parish Church of St. Lawrence Jewry, on Friday 
the 29th of September 1732, being -the Day of 
Election of the Lord Mayor for the Year ensuing. 
By John Middleton*, D. D. Lecturer of St. Bride's, 
London, and Chaplain to the Lord Mayor;" 4to. 

" The State of Physick, Antient and Modem, 
briefly considered; with a Plan for the Improve- 
ment of it. By Francis Clifton, M.D. Physician to 
his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, Fellow of 
the College of Physicians, and of the Royal Society, 

* Of whom see vol I. p. 430. 


London ; printed by W. Bowyer, for John Nourse 
without Temple Bar.;" 8vo. 

** Proposals for printing by Subscription, all the 
Works of Hippocrates in G^eek and Latin, digested 
in a new and regular Manner, by Francis Clifton, 
M.D. being the first edition of Hippocrates that 
ever was published in England, and the first of the 
kind in Europe. The Doctor intends that this shall 
be tlie most correct edition that has yet been given; 
not excepting even Fo^sius's, which is by far the 
best, especially the German edition. The whole 
Work will make tliree large volumes in quarto, to 
be printed with a new letter, and upon very good 
paper, and that without delay, so as to have the first 
volume out by this time twelvemonth. The price 
to Subscribers will be two guineas, one guinea to 
be paid down ; the large paper three guineas, one 
guinea and a half to be paid down. Subscriptions 
taken in by W. Sharp *r 

*^ An Answer to all the Excuses and Pretences 
that Men ordinarily make for their not coming to 
the Holy Communion. To which is added, a 
brief Account of the End and Design of the Holy 
Communion; the Obligation to receive it; the Way 
to prepare for it ; and the Behaviour of Ourselves, 
both at and after it. By the most Reverend Edward 
Synge, Lord Archbishop of Tuam in Ireland," 1 2nio, 

" ITie Shepherd's Calendar, containing Twelve 
Eclogues, proportionable to the Twelve Months, 
by Edmund Spenser, Prince of English Poets. 
With a Latin Translation on the opposite Page ; 
by llieodore Bathurst. Published by John Ball. 
London, printed by W. Bowyer," 8vo. 

" Histoire du XVl°*« Siecle, et la Vie de M. De 
Thou ;" by Mr. Durand. 

* This iBtended pubUcation seems not to have met with suffi- 
cioit encouragement But Dr. Clifton published " Tabular 
Obsenradons for the Improvement of Physick, Lond. 1731/' Bvo ; 
and '* A IVanstotiofi of Hippocrates upon Air, Water, ^uid Situ- 
ation i Epidemick^^ &c. Lond. 1734/* Svo. ' 

A new 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Iff Lrr£aARY AN£CDOT£S OF [iTS^** 

A new Edition of Sir Roger L'Estrange's Trans- 
lation of the Works of Flavins Josephus. 

" The Life of William Cecil, Lord Burleigh,'* 
&c. published by Arthur Collins *. 

* Arthur Collins, the Hktoriographer of the '''Paronage" and 
*' Baronetage*' of England, was born in 168!2. He was the aon 
of William Collins, esq. gentleman-usher to (Queen Catharine in 
1609, by his w-ife Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Blyth, dauf>:h- 
ter of John Hoi-vvood, esq. of Okely, in the county of Southamp- 
ton. Having receivcnl a liberal education, and boingfrom his 
youth much inclined to the cultivation of letters, particidaily 
to the study of Antiquity, he conceived the arduous design of 
digesting a compendious account of the Nobility of these king? 
donis, whose genealogies had till tliat time lain mouldering in 
private cabinets. For the execution of tiiis task he was certainly 
entitled to the gratitude of tlie Nobility, if yfc consider the great 
pains he took to investigate, and the persjiicuous manner i^ 
which he has recorded, the illustrious deeds of their ancestors •, 
tracing with a faithful and interesting pen the stq» by which 
each fieanily had risen to eminence. Neither was a work oi this 
nature without a considerable claim upon his countrymen at 
large ; inasmuch as a faithful picture of the rewards attendant 
on meritorioas semces and heroic actions, must necessarily 
prove the strongest incitement to the staitesman, the soldier, and 
the citizen, to pujBue the glorious career of virtue and honour. 
The merit of the before-mentioned works is unquestionable -, and 
to the present day they have continued the great authorities to 
which all subsequent writers on the same subject have had re^ 
course. But the fruits of them were not in propoKtioa j nor did 
their author experience that lU>eral patronage to wbf ch the many 
midnight vigils he had passed in dry genealogical studies seemed 
to give him an indubitable claim. The other litei-ary productions 
which bear his name are, the " Sydney State Papers >** some 
" Historical Collections of theBoUe Families of Cavendish, HoUea*. 
Vere, H^ley, and Ogle^*' and a " Life of Edjward the Black 
Prince." I)el]ghted with raking in the dust of the closet, with 
poring over MSS. scarcely l^ible, and rescuing half-devoured 
sentences from the combined attacks of Time and the moth, hb 
lost many years which might have bee^ employ«*d m^ich more 
profitabiy to himself. WMe unfolding the pedjgrces oi other 
families^ .he lost sight of the provision which was necessary for 
his own. Such were the laborious productions of Arthur Col- 
lins, and so inadequate his rewards ! Whatever praise is due to 
biographical literature in general, certainly bdongs to one who 
4ipped even into the funereal urn to stamp his labours with au.- 
thentlcity ; and such is the credit they havex)btained, thM, whHs 
there remains a spade of veneration lor the ancastcy and actions 
of our Peei-age, the vcduifiea which xeoord t^iom, and bear CdU 
Ims's name, nviH ba consulted as the £uthM history of that 


Digitized by 



Mr. Whatlejr's translation of Rapin's Abridgement 
ofRymer; folio. 

A second edition <tf Dr. Richard Gre/s " Memoria 
Technica,'^ 8vo. 

^^ Oratio de novo Physiologjae explicandae munere^ 
C3C celebei¥imi Woodwardi Testamento institutb ♦ ; 
habita Cantabrigise in Scholis Piiblicis, k Conyers 
Middleton^ S.T.P. Academiae Cantabrigiensis Pro- 
tobibliethecaijo, et Lectori ibidem Woodwardiano.'* 

•^ Aw Aeeonnt of the Colony in Georgia;** and 
^^ An Essay on Plantations ; or. Tracts relating to 
the Colonies ;"* both of which were the producti<Hi 
of James-Edward Oglethorpe *f*, Esq. 

splendid and necessary part (which has been so happily termed 
the Corinthian column) of the British C(»stitution. Mr. Collins 
married about 17O83 died iii 1760; and was interred in tho 
parish-church of Battersea, in Surney. He had issue several 
children > of whom one son only survived him, viz. Arthur 
Tooker CoDins, esq. who died Jan. 4, 1793 (a major-general in 
the service, and commandant of the Plymouth division of ma* 
rines) ; closdng in London a life of honourable service, zea]> and 
integrity. David Collins, esq. who lately favoured ttie ptdilick 
with an ample and interesting '' Account of the English Settle- 
ment in New South Wales," is a son of Major-general Collins 
above mentioned. — ^I owe this note to my very accurate friend 
Mr. Stephen Jones. 

* " It is easy to suppose, that the reading of lectures ttpoii 
fossils was not an employment suited either to Dr. Middletoin*$ 
taste, or to the tiun of his studies ; and therefore we canoot 
wonder that he should resign it, as he dad, in 1734.*! T. F. 

t This truly respectable gentleman vpas the descendant of a 
BunOy very antiently situat^ at Oglethorpe, in the parish of 
Bramham, in the West Riding of the county of York ; one of 
whom was actually Reeve of the county (an office nearly thfe 
same, with that of the present high-sheriff) at the time c^ the 
Norman Conquest. The antient seat at Oglethorpe continued in 
the fiunily till the Civil Wars, when it vras lost for 0ieir loyalty ;. 
and several of the name died at once in the bed oi hooour^ in 
defence of Monarchy, in a battle near Oxford—WUliflm Ogle- 
thorpe (son of William, who died Nov. 84^ 1631) was bom ia 
1588; and married Susanna, daughter of Sir Wilham SutUm, knt. 
and sister to Lord Lexington. He died in November ld34; 
leaving two children, Sutton, bom ldl9, and Dor^hy (who 
afterwards married the S^orquis of Byron^ a fVench noMsman), 
bom 1090. Sutton Oglethorpe, beiQg fined ^fiOOi. by tlie 
Puliament, his estates at Oglethorpe, &c. were sei|i]e8tered» 
and afterwards given to General Faiisa, who sold them to Rb» 

VoL.D. C >ft 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


I'he second volume of a magnificent edition of 
" Cliutchiirs Collection of Voyages and Travels,'' 
with near 530 Copper Plates,'* in SixYolui^es folio. 

bcrt Benson,, of Bitinbftm, frtber of the linrd Bingi^ of that 
that name. Sutton Oglethorpe 1^ two soss, Sutton, and Sir 
Theophilus : 1. Sutton, '^'bh stud-master to King Charles II. and 
had three sons (1. Sutton, page to King Charles U.y S. John 
comet of the guards ; and 3. Joseph, who -died in India) ; fi. Sir 
Theophihis was bom in 1659, and bred to arms ;; he fought 
under the Duke of Monmouth in the afiair at Bothwell-bridge, 
where a tumultafy insurrection of the Scots was suppresbed, 
June 25, 1W9; commanded a party of horse at Scdgmobr-fight, 
where the said Puke was defimtod, July'6,'I6S5 ; and was lieu« 
tenant-colonel to the Duke of York's troop of his Majesty's horse- 
guards, and commisbioner for executing the office of Master of 
the HcTbc to King Cbarks II. He was afteiwards first equerry 
and major-geneial of the army of King James II.; and his at- 
tachment to the fiunily of Stuart continuing after t)ieir abdica- 
tion, tui'O difieirnt proclamations, July 12, 1690, and May 8, 1692, 
wei« issued for apprehending him, amongst other persons sus- 
pected of correspcoiding with them. Having seated himself by 
purchase at Westbrook-place near Godelming in Surrey*, he was 
appointed deputy-lieutenant, and put into the commission of the 
peace for that county. In 1698 he was elected M. P. for Haslc- 
niere $ and died April 10, 1702, as appears by a pedigree in the 
Collection of the late J. C. Brooke, esq, ; though the following 
inscription in the parish-church of St. James, Westminster, where 
he was buried, has it a year <«ilier : " Hie jacet Thbophilus 
OoLETHOBVB, Eques auratus, ab atavo Vicecomite Eborum, 
Normanno victore, duccns originem. Cujus armis, ad |)ontem 
Bothwellieasem, suc(*ubuit Scotus : Necnon Sedgmoriensi Pk- 
lude fiisi Rcbclles. Qui, per varios casus et rerum discrimina, 
niaghanimam erga Priiicipcm et Patiiam fidem, sed nee tcmerb, 
sustinuiL Obiit Londini, anno 170I, tttat. 50." He married 
Kicanora Wall, of a considerable fiamily in Ireland, by whom he 
had four sons and foiu- daughters j the five eldest of whom were 
bom in St. James's house j and two of the daughters were in the 
court of King James's |^een at St. Germain's, and married men 
of the first rank in France. — Lei^^is, the eldest son, was bom in 
February 1680-1 j and a4niitted of Corpus Christi coDege in 

' .Oxford in IC98-9, his matriculation bearing date March 16 in 
that year. He was equerry to gueen Anne j represented the 
borough of Ha.»ileniere in l^liament in 1702 > ana sened under 
the J>iike ()f Marlborough at the. attack of Sclidlenbui^h, 
where tl^e Bavaiians were routed, July ^, 1704 } on wliich occa- 

. 4on he received a wound, of which be shortly after died, in tlie 

* See Manning and Bray's ^l^•(ory of tW County, vol. I. p. 61 Q,, 


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^^ Dissertatioaes duae de viribus medicatis Olei 
Aninialis in Epilepsia aliisque afiectibus convul- 
sivis/' 8vo; two editions. 

94th * year of his age 5 and was interrei also in the church of 
8t. Jamoi aforesaid, with the following inscription to his niemoiy, 
on the same tablet with that of his &ther : " Hiyus claudit latus 
LuDovicus Oglbthorps, tarn paterns Virtutis quam Fortvuue 
heres : qui praeHo Schellenbergensi (victoris Hochstetensi prae- 
ludio) tempestlvum suis inclinantilnu ferens auxiliiun, vulniera 
honestisaDia recepit, et, praeclarse spe indolis fi*ustrat£l> obiit 
vicesimo secundo statis anno^ alque Domini 1704/' Under- 
neath . " ClarLssimo utjiusque clneri Marmor hoc amantissima 
Conjux et Mater posuit, Domina Eleanora Oglethorpe.** — 
Sutton, the third son, died an infismt. — James-Edwanl, tl^ 
fourth and youngest son, was bom in 169S -, was an ensign in 
the army when Peace was proclaimed in 1713 ^ aid-de-camp, to 
the £ai-l of Peterborough, %\ith whom Dr. Berkeley, his Lord- 
ship's chaplain, was fellow traveller in going express to the em- 
bfli^ador in Italy ; and admitted of Corpus Christi coU^e in Ox- 
ford ia 1714. Succeeding his brother Lewis in several estates in 
the parish of Godelming, lie was elected a burgess in Parliament 
for Haslemere in 17^9> and again in 17^7-8. In 1799 he en- 
gaged in the generous enquiry into the state of the Gaols, on 
finding a gentleman whom he went to visit in the Fleet loaded 
with irons, and used in the most barbarous manner. He was 
chairman of the Committee appointed by the House of Commons 
to make this enquiry -, on which such facts came out as were 
shocking to humanity. It seemed incredible that such in&mous 
0|]|«ts8ions should have so long remained unpunished, in a 
country whei« (happily) the law is superior to power. The 
good effects of this intei-position have been felt ever since by the 
imhappy prisoners. Jan. 19, 1730-1 , he was chosen a director of 
the Royal A&ican Company -, and Jan. 19, 1731-2, Deputy Go- 
vernor of the same. In 1732 he distinguished himself by several 
able speeches in the House of Commons, on the subject of the 
Address to the King (Gent. Mag. vol. II. p. 866) ; on the Su^ 
Colony Bill (ib. p. 938 5 vol. 111. p. 200) -, on Sir John Lombe*fl 
Potion for the Establishment of Silk Milb at Derby (vol. II. 
p. 940, 985) ; and on the Charitable Corporation (ib. p. 989.) 
June 30, 1732, he was appointed a Trustee for the establishment 
of tlie new Colony in Geoma ; on which service he eoiborked, 
in the Anne galley at Deptford, on the 30th of October follow- 
ing. His account of tlie |{idians is ij#the Ma^zine, vol. III. 
pp. 106, 483 ; and a poeticjil address 06 his settling the Colony 
of Ge<Nrgia,.}b. p. 209. £ngaging in the servjice >vith that ar- 

* In the 22d according to the inscription 6d his mopum^nt, Bat it wu ' 
proved by evidence on oatll, before the Hoase of CommoDS, ^ov. 10, 17QS» 
that he wa^ born in February i6S0i>l ) 10 that he must bas^e died ill ^S4tK 
yevofbha^ik Carew on EUetitnt, p. i&6. . t w 

c2 ^ •' 

Digitized by 



^^ A Critical Examination of the late new Text 
and Version of the New Testament in Greek and 

dourvtudi nsorked all his undeitakingi^, he succeeded, s^er en- 
ooimtmr^ innumerable ha]dstu{)6 and difficukies, and expending 
in the course of it large soma of his ptimte^tune, Mrhich, it is 
believ-edy vi-eie tiHcr le-pakL Juiie 13, 1734, he was elected a 
tiurd dnie for Haslnnere ; and, arrivixi^ in Kn^land ab6iit the 
same time from Geoigia> was, on the 19th of that month, groci* 
ouslj receit^ fay their Majesties at St Jameses, and afterwaivls 
fay the tnistees of the Cokxxy, who expressed their p^eat satis&c- 
tion in the eminent services he had performed on behalf of the 
MMtw settlement (See verses Id him on his return, Gent Mag. 
voL IV. p.505i and in that year his head was proposed by Mr. 
Uriban as a prize-medal.) On this ooca^on, he brought with 
lihn into England Tbmo-chi-chi, Micho of the Creek Indians, 
ISenauId his wifie, Micho John Tooanahowki their son, and 
ICUispilli the war captain^ witii other Indians, u-ho were intro- 
duoed to their Majesties at Kensii^on, Atig; 1 ; and, hanog 
been entertained here for some time at the expence of the Go- 
vernment, embaxi&ed at Gni\'esend on their return home on tha 
30th of October following. Oct. 14^ 1735, Mr. Oglethorpe him- 
adf set out for Giavesend, in order to embark a second time for 
Geoigia; and carried with him the tut) brothers John and Charles 
Wes&ejr, who went with the pious intention of instructing tlve 
Indians. He arrived tliere Feb. 5, 1735-6 (see accGtmts from 
him in Gent Mag. vol. VI. pp. 219, 357, 686) ; in the latter end 
of which year he made another voyage to England, and raised a 
regiment to carry over, permitting eveiy man to take a wife with 
him. In June 1737» he was constituted general of the forces in' 
South Carolina in Geoigia ; as also, on the ^th of August fol- 
lowing, colonel of a regiment raised for the service of the Colony, 
In 1737 he was oflficiaUy complained of by the Spaniards (Gent. 
Mag. voL VIL p. 500) > and in that year made an excellent speech 
in the House of Commons, on the Bill concerning the Riots at 
Edinburgh (ibid. p. 712.) July 1, 1738, he sailed from St 
Helenas, with the Hector and Blandford men of war, for Geoigia 
the third time, where he landed Sept. 19 ; but had great cfiiii- 
culties thrown in his way, as well from the Spanuirds, who 
watched him with a very jealous eye, as from the mismanagement 
of those he was obliged to intrust, and firom the want of supplier 
from home ; the latter occasioned an attempt to assassinate him. 
(Gent Mag. vol. IX. pp. 48, 215) and a mutiny, which he quelled 
by his personal courage and conduct. In 1740 he attacload tha 
Spaniards^ took two small forts, and becneged St. Augustine, but- 
without success (ib. pp. 803, 242, 959, 468.) in 1741 he was, 
in his absence^ elected the fourth time burgess for Haslemere. 
In 1^42 the Spaniards attacked the ^^ew settlement, but wera 
repubed by him. At length, after continuing about five yean 
in the service of the Colony fix>m the time of his last embarka* 
liont he arrived in England Sept 28^ 174^i having been ap- 

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<« '» 


Englisli ; Part the Third and last. Being a Defence 
of the Divine Authority of the Book of the Revela- - 

pointed Rigadier-genen] in Im Majesty's aerrke oo the %Sth of 
Fefanniy before. On bis retura Mr:Cook, liialieifltanHit-colQDd^ 
exhibited aevcnd cfauges i^aixist bini , urbicb b^n^ all fbund la 
be &ke, the acciuer Mras brake. In Bfarcb 17#4> bewas mp^ 
pointed one of tbe offik:eTS under Field IKIanhal tbe £url of Stair» 
to oppose tbe intended ittTasion firom-FVanee; and, bavin^ been 
ivamoted to tbe rank of Major-genend, March SO, 1745, seirved 
nnder his Rofal Hiffaness &e Duke of Cumbeiland in tbe Re- 
beOion tbot foUowed. In IT^T^h&^ivasdecledbuirgeiBibrHasfe- 
nKie the fifth time ; and Sept, ld> in tbe same fear, was made 
lieotenant-general. RnaUy^ Feb. 522, 1765, he was advanced 
to the rank of General ; and for many years belbas his death 
«B the oklcBt general on tbe staff— He married, ScpL 15, 1744, 
Bisabeth dau^ter and heir c^ 1^ Natban Wtig^tew but. of 
Oanhank-haHlp Essex (a coosin of tbe Lord Keeper) by Abigail 
bis fourth wife,^ dangbt^ of Samuel TVyste, ^. of Comcrdi in 
the eauDly <)f NoHbampti» (see some good Tcn^ to 1dm oo tUs 
oocMOil, by tbe Rev. Moses Brown, in Gent Mi^. voL XIV. 
p.55a.) HewasahnysverynnwUBngtotcIl hisaga; perfaqMi 
he was not certain about it. Tbe news-^papers, soon after his 
death, ftimisbed stories of his shooting snipes in Condolt-mead, 
ko£e Conduit-street, Bond-stteeft, &c. He was lamtvkabbr tall 
and tbin, and baud an eisLCcedingly shrill votce, wblch coold be 
beaid in the lobby, when be was spekkinp in the House. Re* 
marfcaMe for his afastemioiKness; be ei\|oyed good bealtb ; and 
soch was bis activi^i that to the last he would outwalk yom^ier 
persons. If he inihdged himsdf in a sort of garrolitjr, H was 
that of one who, having read and seen niuch^ with miieh^bBer* 
vation, was willing to communicate bis knowledge; and few 
who attended to him did so without receiving inforaiation. His 
private benevcdence was great. The fionilies of lu» tenants and 
dependents were isnve of bis assistance wbilst tiwy deserved it; 
and be has fiiequentfy suf^MJVted a tenant whose atuation was 
doubtfti], not merely by faxbeuing to ask for rent, but by tend- 
ing him money to go on with bis ftinn. He retained bis under- 
standing, hb eye-sight (reading without spectacles), bis hearii^ 
and tbe use of bis limbs, till witlun two or three days of bis death; 
vluch happened June 30> I7B5, in tbe 8Sth year of bB» i^. 
Having no issue, be devised bis estate at Haslemere ta> his w&, 
who bequeathed it on her decease Oct. %G» 1787> to. trustees, to 
be soM, for the benefit of the Marquis de Bellegsuide,. great 
nepbew of tbe General her husband. A monument baes been, 
elected in the church of Cranham to tbe memory of the General 
sad his' wife, with tbe following inscription, written fay Mr. 

*^ Near this place lie the remains of 
Jambs Edwakd OoLETHORPBy Esq. 
who sened under Fdnce £t]|giene» 
' anf 

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tions, against the Edition of the New Testament, and 
the AuUior of * The Discourse Historical and Cri- 

and In 1^14 was Captain-Iicutcnant 

in the first troop of Queen's Guards. 

In 1740 he was appointed Colonel of a regiment 

to be radsed for Geor^. 

In 1745 he was appointed Major-general ; 

in 1747 lieutenant-general ; 
in 1765 General of His Majesty'^ forces. 
In his isivil station he was very early conspicuous. 
He was chosen M. P. for Haslemere in Surrey 
in 17%> and continued to repi%sent it till 1754. 
In the Conunittee of Parliament for enquiring into 
the state of the Gaols, formed Feb. 25, 1728, 
and of which he was Chairman, 
the active and persevering zeal of his benevoknce 
found a truly suitable employment, 
by visiting, with his colleagues of that generous body, 
the daw and pe&tileutial dtmgeons of the prisons 
which at that time dishonoui;ed the Metropolis), 
<letecting the most enormous oppressions ; 
obtaining exemplary punishment on those 
who had been guilty of such outrages against Humanity and 
Justice, and restoring multitudes from extreme misery 
to light and freedom. 
Of these, about 700, rendered, 
by long confinement for ddbt, 
strangers and helpless in the country of their birth, and 
desirous of seeking an asylum in the wilds of America, 
were by him conducted thither in 1732. 
He willingly encountered in their behalf a variety 
erf fatigue and danger, and thus became the 
Foimder of the Colony of Georgia j 
a Colony which set the noble example 
of prohibiting the importation of Slaves. 
This new establishment he strenuously 
and successfully defended 
against a poweiful attack of the Spaniards. 
In the year in which he quitted England 
to found this Settlement* 
he nobly strove to restore our true 
national defence by Sea and Landj, 
a free Navy without impressing j 
a constitutional Militia. 
But his social afiection^ were niore enlarged than 
even the iciin Patiiotism can express. 
He was the friend of the oppressed Negro ; 
no part of the Globe was too i-ernqte, 

no interest too unconnected, 
pi too [much] opposed to his own. 

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tical on the Revelation ascribed to St. John ;' wherein 
particularly the Characters of many eminent Fathers 

to prevent bis immediate succour of mif&ring Humanity. * 
For such qualiticci he i-ecetved from the ever 
memorable [John] Duke of Argyfe, a full , 

testimony in Uie British Senate to 
his militaiY character, 
his natural generosity, 
his contempt of jdanger, 
and r^aid for the Pablick^« 
A similar encomium is perpetuated in a foreign language f j 
add^ by one X of ou^ most celebrated Poets^ his remembrapce 
is transmitted to PosDerky in lines jos^y fexpressive 
of the purify,' the aidour, the extent of bis famevoknce. 
He lived tiU the 1st of July 1735, 
a venerable instance to what a duration 
a life of temperance and arduous labour 
is capable of being protracted. 
His widow, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Nathan Wrighte, 
of Cranham-hall, hart, and only sister 
and heiress of Sir Samuel Wrighte, hart, of the same plao^ji 
surviving with regret 
(though with due submission to Dvvine Providence) 
an aflfectionate husband, 
after an union of more than 40 year3, 
hath inscribed to his memoiy 
these &int traces of his excellent character. 
*' Relieion watches o'er his urn. 
And aU the Virtues bending mourn. 
Humanity, with languid eye. 
Melting for others' miseiy. 
Prudence, whoae hands a measure hold. 
And Temperance with a rein of gold. 
Fidelity's transpai*ent vest. 
And Fortitude in armour drest 

« See the Dcdte^t %>e«ch in Genu Maff. 1141, vol. XI. p. 400. 

f <' Histoire PhilotophiqUe et PoiitSqHe.'' 

X It should have been two, Thonupo, in 19 animated Poem, says, 

*^ Lo ! swarming Southward on lejoiciog sons. 

Gay Cohmies extend ; the calm, retient 

OfundetervMdiftrest, the better home 

Of those whom Bigots chase from foreign lands. 

Not baik on Rapine, Servitude, and Woe, 

And in their tnm some petty tyrants prfey ; 

Bnt, bound by social Freedom, fiim they rise ; 

Sach as, of late, an Oglethorpe has IbrmM, 

And, crowdmg round, the charm'd Savannah sees.*' 

Uberty, Part V. v^. 63^— 64«, 
And Mr. P^: 

" One driven by strong benevolence of soul 

Shan Ay like Qglethoipe from Pole to Pole.'* 


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a^ vindicated against the Calumnies pf the Writers 
atore-'mentionea. By Leonard Twells, Vicar of 
St Mar/s in Marlborough r 8vo. 

A new edition of Dean Stanhope's ^' Paraphrase 
and Comment on the Epistles and Gospels." 

The eighth edition of a Translation of ** Tully*a 
Offices,** by Thomas Cockn^an*^ D.D. l2mo. 

" Bceoticorum Liber^ 4to.** 

^* Proposals for printing by Subscription, Fryar 
Bacon's Opus Majus to Pope Clement the Vlth ; 
from a Mo. in the Public Library at Dublin. By 
Dr. Jebb. In one volume in folio. The price is 
one guinea the small paper, and two the large^ . 
Subscriptions are taken in at Mr. Bowyer's in Whitfe 

*^ Proposals for printinf by Subscription, the 
Orations and Fra^ents of me famous Orator Lysias, 
in Greek and Latin. By John Taylor, A. M. Fellow 
of St. John's-coUege, Cambridge. This Work will 
be printed in quarto, with a very good letter, and 
on a very good paper ; andwill, by moderate com- 
putation, contain above 70 sheets. And the Editor 
does assure the Publick, that it shall be sent to the 
press, as soon as the Collections for a Second shall 
com^ to hand, which he is now expediting with al! 
im^inable dispatch. The price to Subscribers will 
be twelve shillings for the small, and eighteen for 
the large paper; one half to be paid down at the 
time of subscribing. Subscriptions taken in by 
W. Innys, &c.** 

Proposals for printing an edition of " Juvenal/" 
by the learned William Baxter. 

Wisdom*6 gre^ locks and Freedom join 

The moral Btrain to bless his shrine. 

And pensive all around his ashes holy. 

Their last sad honours pay in order melancholy/' 
'' IEb disconsolate widow died Oct. ^, 1787» in her 76th year^ 
and is buried with him in the vault in the centre of this chainceL 
Her fortitude of mind, and extensive charity, deserve to be re- 
membered, though her own modesty would desire them to be 

* Master of Univerntjr colle^. lie died Jan. 31, 1744. Mr. 
Bowycr printed a ninth edition in 1739. 

n 1733. 

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^^ A Second * Vindication of the Gospel of St 
Matthew; in Answer to the Second Defence of the 
Dissertation or Inquiry concerning St. Matthew's. 
Gospel. In which is shewn^ that instead of being 
what the Title-page calls it, a Full Answer to aU 
that has been oflfer^ in Three Tracts, in Vindica- 
tion of the said Gospel, it contains not a «inde Ar- 
gunient upon what is offered in one of those Tracts, 
and <^ften passes over what is most material in the 
other two ; that the Author neither justifies nor 
retracts the numerous Falsehoods chai^d on his' 
Dissertation and first Defence; and lastly, that what 
he has advanced on the Subject, more than before, • 
is either False or Impertinent. By Leonard Twells, 
M. A. Vicar of St Mary*s in Marlborough.'* 

^* The humble RemoDistrahce of the Pive-foot- 
highians against the Antichristian Practice of using 
a Standard in enlisting Soldiers. To which is added^ 
The Wounds o' th' l&rk of Scotland/' &c. 

Another Edition of Sir Roger L*£strange's Trans- 
lation of Jos^hus; and Proposals for a new Version 
by the Rev. WiUiam Whiston* 

Part of the very beautiful and accurate edition of 
" Jac. Augusti Tnuani -)^ Historiarum sui Temporii 

* The first part of this '' Viadicatioa*' was published in 1732^ 
iNit was iwi printed by Mr. Bowyer. 

t ^' Mr. Carte^ who under the borrowed name of PhilUpg, 
resided in France in the year 17^> having collected there ma- 
terials for an Ai^lish translation of the History of Thuanus» 
our learned Physician, Dr. Mead» quickly perceived that this 
plan might be ehlaiged. He looked on his country as too dis^ 
interested to desire to possess this foreign treasure alone, and 
was desirous Engkinii might do for Thuanus more than France 
itself j by proquing for all Eurojpe the first complete edition of 
this imsiiortal history. He therefore satisfied Mr. Carte for the 
pains he 1^ taken> and employed Mr. Buckley as an Editor 
equal to such a task ^ whose three letters^, written in English to 
the Doctor, contain many curious particulars concerning the 
I&toiy itoelP, and the plan of this new edition ; to the perfec- 
tion and beauty of which ]>r. Mead so Hberally colitributed. 


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ab Anno f)omini 1546, usque ad Annum 1607, 
Libri CXXXVIIL Accedunt Commenta^rium de 
.Vita sua Libri VI. &c.*' In Seven Volumes*, folio; 
a work which reflects a considerable degree of credit 
on the memory of Mr. Buckley -f-; and for which 

These letters were translated into Latin by Mr. Professor Ward, 
with an elegance worthy the place they hold in the front of the 
work/' Dr, Maty, Life of Mead, p. 39. — ^In Mr. Buckley's 
third letter to Dr. Mead the writer says, he has " the pleasure 
to acknowledge that Lord Carteret from time to time had favoured 
hjm with his directions and inibrniation couceming Thoanus, 
and among other things had- the goodness to put into las* hands 
a character of that Histodan ft/* ' 

* In the title-page of each volume, the name of the bookselkr 
only appears, " Excudi curavit Samuel Buckley, 1733." At the 
end of the fii-st, stands '^ Londini imprimebat Henricus Wood- 
fkll 5" of the second, *' Samuel Richardson;" of the third, " Ja- 
cobus Bettenham >" of the fouvtlr, " Jacobus Roberts i* of tho 
fifth, " Thomas Wood." No printer*s name occurs either in 
the sixth or seventh ; but the eight first books of vol. VII. were 
printed by Mr. Bowyer ; and the remainder, I believe, with the 
whole of the sixth volume, by Mr. Edward Owen.- These were 
all veiy excellent printei^. — An Act of Parliament wa^ obtained^ 
<' for granting to Samuel Buckley, Citizen and Stationer of 
London, the sole liberty of printing and reprinting the His- 
tories of Thuanus, with additions and improvements, during 
the term therein limited.** Whilst the Bill was depending 
in Parliament,, Mr. Buckley published " A Short State of the 
public Encouragement given to Printing and Bookselling in 
France, Holland, Germany, and London. With Reasons hum- 
bly offered to the Lords Spiritxial and Temporal in Parliament 
assembled, for granting to Samuel Buckley such Privilege for 
Thiianus in Latin, as is already gi-anted to every British Subject 
who is possessed of the copy of any book in English." 

f Mr. Samuel Buckley (who has been briefly noticed in vol. I. 
p. 290) is represented in TTie Tatler, No. 18, in the character of 
a NeT\^-writcr, as a literarv Drawcansir, '' who spares neither 
friend nor foe, but usually kills 9S many of his own side as 
the enemy's." — Seven volumes of the original Spectator in fblio 
wefe published by Samuel Buckley at the Dolphin in Little- 
Britain. The Spectator being discontinued at the tilose of the 
seventh volume, was succeeded by The Guardian 3 and Pope 
informs us, that Steele was engaged in artictes of penalty to 
Jacbb Tonson, for all the papci-s he published under this last 
name. The same airthor says, ** the due reason that Steele laid 
down The Guardian was a quarrel between him and the bookseller 
above mentioned j" he f^lds, " that Steele, by desisting two days^^ 
and altering the title of his paper to that of The Englishman^ 

§ Parked Bditioo of Royal and^'oble Anthon, vol. iV. 

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Froposals had been printed by Mr. Bowyer^ and 
circulated in tlie year 1730 *. 

'^ Appendix ad Marmora Oxoniensia; sive * 
Grace® trium Marmonim^ recens r^)ertorum In- 
scriptiones, &c. By the Editor of die Oxford 
Marbles. Sold by W. Bowyer." Price U. pi. folio* 

" Bishop Hare's Hebrew Psalter," 8vo. The 
celebrated Psalmanazar :{; had some years before 

got quit of his obligation." Additions to Pope's Works, 1776, 
vol. II. p. S4, et seq. In 1713 the periodical paper to which Steele 
gave the title of The EngUsbman, was in the course of publica- 
tion ; it wa3 printed by S. Buckley in Amen-corner, and an- 
nounced as The Sequel of the Guaordian. The title of Spectator 
was resumed some months after i number first of the Vlllth 
volume, printed by Buckley in Amen-comer, folio^ is dated on 
the 18th of the Jime following, in 1714. — He was afterwards 'ap- 
pointed writer of the Gazcttoeri and was pixt into the comnnssion 
of the peace for the county of Middlesex. He was a man of an > 
excellent undei^tanding and great learning, very sincere where 
he professed friendship; a pleasant companion, and greatly 
esteemed by all who knew him. 

In Hcnmsey-chui'ch, Middlesex^ on the North wall, aiid close 

to the pulpit, on the West side, a very neat ancl elegant mural 

monument of white marble is thus inscribed : 

" To the memory of 

Samuel Buckley 5 

who, having not only discharged 

all the duties of life 

with ability, industry, and tenderness to each relation ; 

but offices likewise of state and trust, 
with prudence, fidelity, and gnititude to his benefactors ; 

concluded his days in the study of letters, 
and the ei^Joyment of honest and honourable friendships^ 

Sept 8, 1741, in the 68th year of his age." *^ 

* See vol. I. p. 425. 

f Tliese additional monuments (see p. 1) were brought into 
Englaad in October 173^, from a town situated between Smyrna 
and Epbesus. The inscriptions were carefully and exactly taken 
off on paper by Mr. Joseph Ames, and presented to Sir Hans Sloane; 
and Mr. Maittaire imdertook to communicate them to the publick, 
inth a Latin translation and notes. The first of these, we are 
told in the P^face, receives considerable light from some of the 
monuments preserved in the Gallery at Oxford, and particularly 
from one of those published by Mr. ChishuU. 

J Author of the £abulous '^ History of Formosa;" and of a 
very considerable part of " The Universal Histcwy." Psalmana- 
zar*8 portion of that useful and laborious work is particularly 
pointed out in his ovm " Memoirs of Himself," published the year 
lifter his decease^ which happened May 3, 1763, at the age of 83. 

*^ prepared 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


^ prepared an edition of the Psalms^ with Leusden^ 
Latin Vemon in the opposite column, and critical 
Notes;" intending it should be printed by Mr.Palniery 
wha declined undertaking it, being in treaty with 
Dr. Washburn to print the edition of Bp. Hare, 
which parsed afterwards through the press of Mr. 

* ** Thill p er fb r uM nce did not appear m print till sercn or 
t%ht yeais alter, and mj great swprize> for Mr. Palmer 
Ikad asnnsed loe wHb the belief that the design was set aside, 
cither on account of its being found impracticable, or at lea^t 
too dUfieuH and dsttigeroii&. It appeared^ ho^veier, that Mr! 
I^ilmer imposed upon nae; and that he knew that the desi» 
was earned on in another printing-houfie, though with sam 
pxsvaey, that I never heard or dreamed of ift, though I had heeia 
Ini)^ acquainted with Mr. Bomyer, who was cmplayed in the 
pnnting of it. So far from it was I, that I hegaoi to tinah Mr. 
FiJnef had onl3r invented that story, to divert me from printiff^ 
my proposed editioB, in order to set me upon another work, iqC 
which he was more immediately coneemed^ and expected greater 
credit, a» well a» present profit from. This was his H'utewy ef 
Jhmiimgr whieh he had long promised to the world, hot for 
which he vras not at aU qualified. However, he designed to ha:ve 
added m second part, rehttmg to the pcactieal part, which vno 
mesc stated to his genius, and in which he designed to have 
giveft a lult aecount of all that relates to that branch, from the 
letler-fomding, te the most elegant ^20/ of printing, imposiDg» 
hindtng, &c. in which he had made censidcrahle hnpro^ements 
of his own, besides those he had taken from fbreig& authors^ 
BHt thi» second part, though but then as it were m cmbiyo, 
met with sncb early and strenuous oppositkm, from the respec- 
tive bodies of Ietter-fbunders> printers, and hook-binders, under 
ait ill-grounded apprehesifiion that the decfweiy of the mystery 
of those arts, especi^y the two first, would render them cheap 
and contemptible (whmas the very reverse wooM have been the 
case, ihey appearing indeed the more oirious and worthy our 
admiration, the better they are known) that he was forced to sef 
it aside. But as to the first p^, viz. the History d Printii^^ 
he met with the greatcbt eDcoura2:(*ment, not only from them, 
hut from a very great number of the Learned, who aB engaged 
to subfcciibe largely to it ; particularly the late Earls o£ Pembroke 
and Oxfcnxl, and the famous Doctor Mead, whose libraries were 
to furnish him with the noblest mateiiaL for the compifing otii, 
and did ^o accordiz^ly. The misfortune was, that Mr. Palmer, 
knowing himself unequal to the task, had turned it mer to one 
pEipiat, a broken Irish bookseller then in London, of whom he 
had a great opinion, though still more unqualified ftr it than he, 
and only umcd at getting money from him^ without ever ddn^ 


Digitized by 


*73S-J ^^* McirraEVTH cEvnjRT* its 

A Fwt only of ** Memoirs <rf the Twentiedi Ccn- 
tuiy: being origiual Letters of State under (leorge 

JBjr flung tDWRcds k, txefit «m«niig tnin with fur promlkeftTer 
star three quarters of a yor. He had m long dallied with him* 
that they were come wilhia tkree months of the dme ia wluch 
Mr. Fdmer had engaged to proditce a complete plan, and m 
wutabet ^r two of the first part by way of specimen of Uie 
woftk^ VIZ. the invention and improvement of it by John Fauk 
mi lioDtx. ' And these wehe to be shewn at a grand meeting of 
learned men, of which Br. ftfead was Fraiuleiit that year$ and* 
Mng has siagidar firiend and patron, was to have promoted a 
large subscription and pa}'ment, which Mr. Pahner stood hi 
great need of at that time; whereas Papiat had got nothing 
reaify but a few loose and imperfect extracts out of Chevalier, 
Le Cajlle, and some other French auUiore on the subject, but 
which could be of little or no use, becaiase he frequently mistook 
them^ and left blanks for the words which he did not under- 
stand. These, howet%r, such as they were, Mr. Pahner brought 
to ane; and earnestly pressed me that 1 would set aside all other 
Hungs I ought be then abeut> and try to produce the expected 
plan and specimen by the time promised, since he must be ruined 
boiii ia creefit and pocket if he 4£u5appointed his friends of it It 
was well te him and me that the^ubject lay within so small a 
compass as the constating of about twelve or fourteen principal 
audiarB ; so that i easily fell upon a proper plan of the work, 
which I divided into three paits 5 the first of which was, to give 
an account of the invention of the ail, and its fin>t ei»a}s by 
Faust at Mentz, and of its improvement by facile or metal types, . 
•arnish, ink, &c. by hisson-in-Uw, Fetei* Schociier. The second 
was toeontain Its propagation, and &rther improvement* through 
most parts of Europe* under the most cdebnited Printers ; and 
the tluitl, an account of its introduction and progress into Eng- 
land. This, together with above one half of the ftr^t part, were 
happily finished, and produced by the time appointed ; and met 
with nM»re approbation and encouragement trutn his friends than 
I fisared it would^ bein^ conscious how much better it might 
have turned out^ would time have permitted it. And this i 
chialiy mention, not so much to excuse the defects of so horrid 
a p er fo r m ance, as because it hath given me since frequent occa- 
rim to observe how many much more considerable, works have 
been spoUed, both at home and abroad, tlurough the impatience 
«f the Subscribers; though this is fiir enough fi«om being the 
only or even the greatest inconvenience that attends most of 
those kinds of sulMcrlptions. As to Mr. Palmer, his circum- 
stances were by this time ao unaccountably low and unfortunate, 
considering the laigeneas and success of his business, and that 
lie was hhnself a sober industrious man, and free from all ex- 
travagance, that he cohld not extricate himself by any'other way, 
hot by a Statute of Bankniptcy, which caused his History to go 
' on ; so. that, notwithsttinding all the care and kind 

a&!»istance t 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

30 LrreRARY AKECD0TE9 OF [l 733- 

the Si^th; relating to the most important Events 
in Great Britain and Europe, as to Church and 

ivsistance of liifl good friend Dr. Mead, a stubborn, distemper, 
nvhich his misfortunes brought upon him, carried him off be- 
fore the third part of it was finished. T)m defect^ however, 
was happily supplied by the late noble £arl of Pembroke^ who 
being informed by Mr. Pain the engraver, Mr. Palmer s brother- 
in-law, what condition the remainder was left in, and that I was 
the person who had wrote the former parts, sent for me, and, 
with his usual generosity, enjoined me to complete the work, 
according to the plan ; and not only defrayed all the charge^ of 
it, even of the paper and printing, but furnitihed me with all 
necessary materials out of his own library ; and, when the work 
was finished, his Lordship reserved only some £eiv copies to him- 
self, and gave the remainder of the impresHion to Mr. Palmer's 
widow, not without some .farther tokens of his libeiidity.** 

To return to the edition of the Hebrew Psalter — the cause of Mr. 
Falmer*8 delay is thus related by Psalmanazar : '* His Lordship had 
excepted agsunst Mr, Palmers Hebrew types, which were of Athias's 
Ibnt, and a little battered, and insisted u|K>n his having a new set 
from Mr. Caalon, which greatly exceeded them in b^uty. But 
Mr. Palmer was so deeply in debt to him, that he knew not how to 
procure it from him without ready money, which he was not able to 
gpate. The Bishop likewise insisted upon having some Roman and 
Italic types cast with some distinguishing direct his readers 
to the Hebrew letters they were designed to answer, and these 
i^uired a new set of punches and matrices before they could be 
cast; and that wouki have delayed the work, which Mr. Palmer 
waf in haste to go about, that he might the sooner finger some of his 
Lordship's money* This put him upon such an unfiadr stratacem, 
as, when discovered, quite disgusted hb Lordship against mm ; 
viz. representing Mr. Caslon as an idle, dilatory wonman, who 
would in all probability make them wait seveial years for those 
few types, if ever he finished them. That he was indeed the 
only Artist that could supply him with those types ; but that h» 
hated work, and was not to he depended upon ; and therefore 
advised his Lonkhip to makeshift with some sort which he could 
substitute, and would answer the same purpose, rather than run , 
the risk of staying so long, and being perhaps disappcnnted. 
The Bishop, however, being resolved, if possible, to have the 
desired types, sent forMr. Bowyer, and asked him whether htt 
knew a letter-founder that could cast him sucha set out of handj^ 
who immediately recommended Mr. Caslon ; and, being told 
what a sad and disadvantageous character he had heard of him, 
Mr. Bowser not onty assured his Lordship tliat it was a very 
fidse and unjust one, but engaged to get the above-mentioned 
types cast by him, and a new ibnt of his Hebrew ones, in as 
diort a time as the thing could possibly be done. Mr. Caslon 
was accordingly sent for by his Lordship ; and having made him 
sensible of the time the new ones would reqvUx'e to be made ready 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


State, Arts and Sciences, Trade, Taxes, ind Trea- 
ties, Peace, and War; and Characters of the greatest 
Persons of those Times ; from the Middle of the 
Eighteenth, to the end of the Twentieth Century, 
and the World ♦. Received and revealed in the 

for use> did produce them according to his promise, and the 
book was soon after put to the press. As soon as I had finished 
what I, and some of my friends as well as I, thought a sufficient 
confutation of the Bishop's performance, and in the same lan- 
guage, though not so florid and elegant Ladn« I sent to desire 
one of my booksellers to enquire of Mi*. Bowyer, whether the 
new types cast for his Loi-di^hip wex-e still in his possession ? and 
whether I might be permitted the use of them, in the answer i 
had prepared for the press ? I was answered in the affirmative ; 
but one bookseller took it into his head to ask at tlie same 
time, what number of copias his Lordsliip had caused to be 
printed of his Psalter ? and was answered only five hundred ; 
one half of which had been presented by his Lordship to his 
learned friends, both in and out of England, and most of tlie 
rest wene still unsold, there being but few among the learned* 
that were anions in such matters 5 the performance hanng been 
disapproved by all that had seen it. This news so cooled the 
booksellers' eagerness after my answer, that, upon my coming 
to town, and tlieir acquainting me with the state of the case» 
I was quite discouraged fi*om piinting it. For they concluded, 
from what Mr. Bowyer had said« that it would be dangerous to 
print above three hundred of mine, the charge of which being 
deducted, the profit, upon a supposition thiit they were all sold, 
ivould be so small, that they covdd not afTord mc above two or 
three guineas for my copy (which would have made about seven 
or eight sheets of a middling octavo) without being losers. This 
i¥as their way of computing the matter, against which having 
nothing to o^eet^ I locked up my papers in my cabinet, where 
they have lain ever since. They did indeed offer me better tenns« 
and to print a greater number of copies, if I would be at the 
trouble of printing it in English, which th^ thought would be 
more universally read, out of dislike to the Bishop -, but, be^ 
ffldee that I cared not to be at the pains of Englishing it, I 
thought it beneath the subject to print it in any other lauguaga 
but that in which his was wrote; and so wholly decluied it." 
Psalmaaazar*9 Memoirs, 

* There is something mvsterious in the history of these Me* 
moafs, which ace addressed, in an ironical dedication, to Fre-> 
derick Prince of Wales. Only one volume of the work appeared -, 
and whether any more were really intended is uncertain. One 
thousand copies of it were prmted> ^ith such very great .dis> 
patch, that three printers were employed on it (Bowyer, Wood- 
£iU, aad Roberts) ; and the names of an uncommon number of 
xqmfable bocjuellers appeared in the title-page. In less than a 


Digitizec /l^ 

32 tiTERARY ANECDOTES or [l 733- 

Year 1728 ; and now published, for the Instruction 
of all eminent Statesmen, Churchmen, Patriots^ 

fbrtnightj hmiever, pOO of the copies were delivered to Dr. Mad- 
den, and probably destroyed. The current report is, tliat th^ 
^iition was suppn^ssed on the day of publication ; and that it is 
now exceedingly scarce, is certain. Mark Cephas Tutet, esq. who 
had a copy of it, never heard but of one other, though he fire- 
qucutly enquired after it, A second copy of it (marked only at 
lOs. 6d.) appeared in the Catalogue of H. Chapman, in Januaiy 
1782 i and was bought by Mr. Bindley. 

Dr. Madden ('' a name," says Dr. Johnson, ^' which Ireland 
ought to honour,") received his education at Dublin } and had 
some good church preferment in Ireland. He appears, however, 
to have Ijeen in England in 1729 ; and, having written a tragedy 
called " Themlstocles, the Lover of his Countiy," was, as he him- 
self says, tempted to let it come out at the theatre in Lincoln's Inn 
Fields, by the offer of a noble study of books from the profits of it. 
An cpi:>tiie of about 200 lines by Mr. Samuel Madden, banning, 

t " Tho* past the bounds David to man as6ign*d," 
is prefixed to tlie second edition of Leland*s " life of PhOip of 
Macedon ;" and about 1743 or 4, he published a long Poem^ 
called " Boulter's Monument," from which the following very 
striking lines are quoted in Johnson's^ Dictionary, ait. Sport r . 
" Some gi*ave their wrongs on marble ; he, more just, 
Stoop'd down serene, and wrote them in the dust. 
Trod under foot, tlie s^^rt of ev'ry wind. 
Swept from the earth, and blotted from his mind | 
Theit: secret in the grave he bade them lie. 
And griev'd they could not *scape th' Almighty*s eye.** 
It is on Dr. Madden's authority also that Dr. Johnscm has tu« 
thenticated tlie marriage of Swift and Stella. — In 1781, we find 
Dr. Madden in his native country ; projecting a scheme Ibr pro- 
moting Learning in the College at Dublin by premiums % and in 
1740 he settled an annual sum of 100^ to be <iQstributed» by way 
of premium, tQ the inhabitants of Ireland onty % viz. 50f. to the 
author of the best invention for improving any useftil art or 
manufiicture) 25/. to the person who shoiud execute the best 
statue, or piece of sculpture j 'and 85{. to the penon wha shouki 
finish tlie best piece of painting, dther in History or Landscape \ 
the premiums to be decided by the Dublin Society ; of which tbk 
worthy man was the institutor, and which proved of infinite 
service to that kingdom, by extiting a laudable 8|nrit of emula- 
tion amongst the artists and manufiun.urerB. The ftdlowing 
premiums, given by Dr. Maddeii, were acQudged \t^ the Dublin 
Society before Nov. 14, 1751 : Best flowered silki, lOl.; best 
paduasoy, \0l,\ best velvet, 10<.; planting most hops in 1749, 35/.; 
Dest tapestry, 102, \ most fish ckught and cured in 1749, first 
premium, 15/. i second premium, 10/. ; total, 90f. Best imita- 
tion of Brussels and Mechlin lace, 8/. ; second best, 51. \ third 
best, 3/.i best Dresden, 7/.; second best^ M\ third best, 3/.; 

Digitized by 



Politicians, Projectors, Papists, and Protertants. 
In Six Volumes," 8vo. [By Dr. Samuel Madden.] 

best needle-work in shades^ 10/.; second best, 8/.; third best, 6/.>. 
fourth best» 4i. ; fifth best, 2/. ; total, 60/. The premiums of- 
fered for 1751 vfere these : Best tapestry, 10/. ; most salt of' 
salt-water only, S5/. ; best drawings by girls or boys under 16, 
15/. ; best sculpture in metal or stone, £5/. $ best inventioa in 
arts or husbandry, if really deserving it, 50/. -, total H5i. The 
good effects of those well-applied benefactions have not only beea 
felt to advantage in the kingdom where they originated, but have 
emended their influence to the sister country, having g^ven rise' 
to the Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manu&ctures, &c. 
in London. In an Oration spoken at Dublin, Dec. 6, 1757> by 
Mr, Sheridan, that gentleman todk occasion to mention Dr. Mad- 
den's bounty ; and intended to have pi-oceeded in the following 
manner, but was prevented by observing the Doctor to be then 
present Speaking of the admirable institutions of premiums, 
he went on : - '• \Vhose Author, had he never contributed any 
thing farther to the good of his Country, would have deserved 
immortal honour, and must have been held in reverence by 
latest posterity. But the imwearied and disinterested endeavours, 
during a long course of years, of tliis truly^good man, in a va- 
riety of branches, to promote industry, and consequently the 
welfare of this kingdom, and the mighty benefits which have 
thence resulted to the community, have^madc many of the good 
people of Ireland sorry that a long-talked-of scheme has not 
hitluerto been put in execution, that we might not appear in- 
ferior in point of gratitude to the citizens of London, with re- 
spect to a iellow-citizen [Sir John Barnard] (surely not with 
more reason) ; and that like tkem we might, be able to address 
OUT patriot, Pragenti tibi maturos largimur honor es'' 

*' Sitting one morning with Dr. Johnson alone, he asked me 
if I had known Dr. Madden. On my answering in the affirma- 
tive, and also that I had for some years lived in his neighbour- 
hood, &c. he begged of me, that when I returned to Ireland, I 
woaU endeavour to procure for him' a poem of Dr. Madden*s, 
called ' Boulter's Monument.' The reason (said he) why 1 wish 
for it is this : When Dr. Madden oame to London, he submitted 
that work Idrmy castigation 3 and I renusmber I blotted a great 
many lines, and might have blotted many more without raadun^ 
the poem worse. However, the Doctor was very thankful, and 
-veiy generous, for he gave me ten guineas $ which was to me at 
that time a great sum." Life of Johnson, vol. I. p. 881. 
, There is a fine mezzetinto of him, a whole length, by J. Brooke, 
inth this inscription : 

'* Samubl Maddev, D. D. 
fiuique sui meimoi^ alios feeere merendo. 
Omnibus his nive& dnguntur tonpora vitt&." 

ViKO. iSoi. vL 664, 

Voj..i D' ''C 

Digitized by 


34 utEitAiiY AinscDOTSi dt [i 7B3 . 

^^ Cmtimeniaiium Nosologicum, Morbo« Epide- 
micoK et ASris Yariationes in Urbe Eboracensi Lo- 
cisque vicinis per sedecim annos grassantes complec- 
tens; Atithofe Cliftone Wintringham *. Impensis 
J. Walthoe.^ 

" The Natural, Experimental, and Medicinal 
Histonr of the Mineral Waters of Derbyshire, 
Liilcomshire, and Yorkshire, Jiarticularly those of 
Scarborough. By Thomas Short -f-, M. D, of Shef- 

" An Account of the several Legacies, Benefac- 
tions, and Charities, belonging to the jCity of Co- 
ventry;** 8vo. 

An edition of the " Periegesis of Dionysius,** 8vo, 

♦ iTiifi learned physician died at York, March 12, 1748 ; and 
fais vridow Jan. 6, 1749. The earlier part of the Commentary 
abov'e noticed, extending to the year 1725, had been published by 
himself at York in 1726-7. The new edition in 1733 was edited by 
his son and nam^esake ; who became regularly fellow of the Royal ' 
Colleges of Physicians in London and Paris, Jfellow of the Royal 
Hociety, physician-extraordinary 1769, physician-general to the 
army ; was a^^inted chief physician to the Duke of Ciunberland 
1749> ^d pl^cian to his Majesty 1762. In him were united 
liH those amiable virtues which adorn and dignify human nature. 
Bv a liberal education, and an intimate acquaintance with some 
of the most admired classic writers, he had acquired an elegant 
taste; and, by a long and successful practice as a physician/ 
' great skill and judgment in his profession. This appears by his 
eifition of Dr. Mead*d ** Mbkiita et Praecepta Medica, permultis 
Annotationibus et Observationibus illustrata :'* by 'f An Experi- 
melitai Inquiry cdnceming some Parts of the Animal Structure^**! 
1740 } " An Inquirv into the Exility of the Vessels of the Human 
Body," 1743 s and his two volumes, published in 1789 and 1791, 
intituled, " De Morbis quibusdam Commentarii,** &c. He also 

Siblished, "The Works of the late Clifton Wintringham piii. 
flier], Physician at York, now collated and published entire, 
with lai^ Additions from the original Amendments,** in 2 vols. 
17^^. In domestic life he was ^obd-natured, affable, and en- 
dearing; in conversation polite, uvdy, and entertaining; in his' 
friendship steady and affectionate. With legaid to his political 
•COtime&tff, he was a true Englishman, upon principles of loyalty 
and rational liberty. With respect to religion, he was, witiiout 
bigotry or superstition^ a ainceie Christian. He died at Ham- 
mersmith, after a linaering illness, Jan. 9, 17^^ sit the age oC 
^4 } and, as be lived universally belovedj he died sincferely lar 
n^ted. €ent Mag, voL LX1\, p. 9^. 
t Of whom see vol 1. p. 451. 

P "^dative- 

Digitized by VjVJVJx 

" Relative Holiness, a Set-mon pteadtied by Wil- 
liam Richardson*, M. A. from Exod. liL 5. oh the 
Consecration of the new Parochial Church of St. 
John's South wark ;*' 4to. 

"The Duty of non-K^onfbttning Id the WoHd^; 
k Sermon pre^lched at Oxford, by Thomas CockJ- 
man-f-, D.D. Master of University College, oh 
jRoih. xii. 2.'" 8vo. . 

t)t. JebVs edition of the ^Opus Majus*' of FHar 
^acon; folio. 

Two hundred and flftr copies of the '* Nbtitia 
Pariiftmentaria,** so far only as relates to the Borough 
of Windsor; a single sheet ;f in folio. 

^ A Catalomie of Mr. Browne Willis's Gold 
Coins J,** by Mr. Vertne. 

*^ Milner's Journal of the Duke of Marlborough's 
Marches,'' for Colonel Montague, 8vo. 

Dr. Middleton^s Treatise " on the Power of the 

* Of whom an account \HU be given ia the'' SAsafSBodlfius- 
trations" in vol. V. No VL 

t I*. A. July B, 1697. He was installed Master, Dec. 14, 1722. 
Allerwapds tlUi Vice-chancelldr and Heads of HouE^, bein^supr 
posed Vbitors, declared the election null, and, Dec. 17, mlliam 
Denisoa wsd by a new election declared Master. Tliereupon 
eonmienced a ki^-fluit. After Ax years, the King being found 
to be Visitor, ordered the cause to be tried before three ^hops 
(Oxford, Bristol, and Peterborough) -, and it was at l^tdt defer- 
nuned in &vour of Mr. Cockman. Gutch's Halls and CoUegeSj, 
p. 54 ; Appendix^ p. 2M. He todk the degrees of B. and D. D. 
June 14, 1733 -, and died in 1744.—'' Select llieological Dis- 
eoiifses, by Ih*. Cockiiuai,** were published in 2 vols. 6vo. Itbo. 

X Tbia smgle sheet of '* The Notitia PariiamentBria" is now 
beooine a curiosity. See vol. I. p. 428. 

i Of this Catalogue I have seen two copies, one in the rol- 
ketiiHi dt Dr. Duoarel, the other in Mr. Tatefs: Both thei^ 
oopies vrdte in krge fo^io, on which site 100 were prints, ami 
100 in a smaller Mo. The title of it isj ''A Table of the Gold 
Cdns of the Kings df England. By B. W. Esq. a Member of the 
imatkf et Antiquaries.*' The tv^o engraved plates oF silver and 
0old coins had be^ published by the Society in 1732 ; and this 
Wid<tt;klea|ipear8til have bectt drawn up by Mr. Willie toilltbs- 
tiate & {date of gold coins, and was printed at the expenee of 
Bfr. Venue. An aeeoant of Mr. Willis's coins is supposed to exist 
amoDg his MS jwpeti be^u^thed to the Bodleiaiji Library. 

D« Dr. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

3(S tmiURY AK£CDOT£S OT [}73S 

Dr. Sjrkes's Answer to Whiston. 

Rosalinda^ a Novel. 

*' The Upper Gallery, a Poem." 

Mr. Bovryer had some share this year in estab- 
lishing a newspaper, called " The Weekly Miscel- 
lany.'* — Mr. Clarke, July 14, 1733, says, " I wish 
you much success in The Weekly Miscellany. I 
have taken it in, in hopes of meeting now and then 
with one of your Lucubrations. If it does succeed, 
you must enlarge the plan of it a little. The ma- 
nagers must remember the Proverb, that * one ounce 
of mother-wit is worth a pound of Clergy.' In an- 
other letter that year, Mr. Clarke asks, " How shall 
I see your Essays, or know who voted pro and con 
about the Test*?" — ^The professed Editor of the 
Miscellany was William Webster -f-, D. D. The 
first number was published Dec. 16, 1733 ; and it 
was continued till June 27, 1741. 

In 1733 Mr. Bowyer wrote the following epigram, 
intended to be placed under the head of dulliver: 

" Here learn, from moral Truth and Wit refin'd, 
How Vice and Folly have debas'd mankind ; 
Strong Sense and Humour arm in Virtue's cause ; 
Thus ner great Votary vindicates her laws : 
While bold and free the glowing colours strike ; 
Blame not the Painter, if the Picture's like." 

This year was rendered remarkable in the literary 
world by the brilliancy of the Public Act at Oxford.- 
Mr. Bowyer was highly pleased with the whole cere- 
mony, and printed several of the little productions 
which it occasioned. Among various others, I 
find mentioned a little Poem of his own, " The 
Beau and Academick, a Dialogue, in Imitation of 

* Ste some specimens of these Essays in the quarto edition of 
Mr. Bowyer*8 " Miscellaneous Tracts." 
t Of whom seethe *' Essays and Illustrations/* vol. V. No. VI I. 


Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


the Bellas Homo et Academicus spoken at \he late 
Public Act at Oxford ; addressed to the Ladies *.- 

* The Latin Poem is printed in Mr. Bowyer*s " Miflcellaneoiis 
Tnicti/' p. 80. A probe ti-anslation of the bc^nning of it waa 
inserted in a pamphlet called " The Oxfbrd Act, A.D. 1733 3* and 
the following slight attempt to imitate a part of it was an even- 
ing's task enjoined by Mr. Bowyer to his present Biographer^ 
then at the age of 16 : 

Dialogue hetween a Bb au amd a Scholar. 

"What ! still attach'd to Learning's dangerous lore ? 
You 're surely craz'd ! — Attend the dame no more ! 
Scholastic toils forsake^ and quit those rules 
Which bifid In chains the reasoning of the Schools. 

Heyday ! so warm ! who can this prattler be ? 
Is this discourse, kind sir, address'd to me ?— 
Good heavens ! my dear Philario, is it you ? 
Forgive me j for my fHend 1 scarcely lu^ew. 
But ten me, whence this change ? this mincing gait ? 
And why tliis garb, so studiously neat ? 
Say, from what clime these feshions have you brought? 
What foreign land this miracle has wnnight? 

A traveller's search, my dearest friend, explora 
Realms Cur remote from Britain's vulgar shores. 
Tho^ climes I *ve seen wbere Spring eternal reigns. 
And those where Sol ne'er glads the desert plains. 
Oft where the golden fruit of Tagus shines. 
Where mellowing grapes surchaige the blushing vines. 
With pleasure have I stray'd ; as often stood 
Where frosts eternal bind th* astonish'd flood 
In gelid channels ! Nor in vain my toil 3 
FiJl well I know each country's different soil -, 
My skill can trace each rivulet's secret course. 
Each current's spring, each mightier torrent's fbrce. 

Periiaps, if femaks were to judge the cause. 
Labours like these might meet with just applause j 
Their gentle judgments, innocently blind. 
Implicit frdth fbr ev'ry travelkr find : 
The hap{Mer lew, with penetration bk9t. 
The fool at onee discover and detest 

If sprighihr Nymphs and raj»tur*d Beaux applaud^ 
Let peevish Age declare the truth a frwid ; 
Let Schoolmen scoff, or sage Logicians frWn, 
A female smile shall weigh the balance down ! 


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The ori^nal Poem was published under the title 
of. ^^ Betlus Homo et Academicus. Becitarant in 
Theatro Sheldoniano ad Comitia Oxoniensia, 1733, 
Lodovicufi Langton et Thomas Barber^ Collegii 

' . * Scholar. 

But tell me (since you ve seen e^ch foreign coa^t) 
What precious stores can learned Gallia boast ? 
Or say what treasures Italy imparts. 
The mother and the nurse of aodal arts ? 
\¥hat brass or Parian statues noblest shine ? 
What anticnt toi)[d)> or conseprateci shrine ? 
What stately column^ scorning vaks below ? 
What animated scenes on canvas glow } 
Tell me what share of praise, or what of Uame, 
These venerable reliques jiisdy claim } 


A comfortably (^ ^9^ youthful Squire^-— 

To view the crest-falTn rcmnanta of their sires ; 

Our age, our affluenoe, and untutored ways^ 

Demand luxiuious nights, and social days ! 

I own, indeed, some modem portraits shine. 

Discovering gxBAdeur^ elegance, design; 

But (horrid thought !) can worn-out paintings ple^. 

Can mouldering fragments charm the sense uke these ^ 

Can proud antiques, those dear-boueht, trifling toys. 

Ramble happier youth's substantlaljdys ? 

Can time-worn statues such a vahie bear. 

Or musty coins preserv'd with studious care? 

'Tis strange that men of greatest learning prize 

A face adom'd with neither nose nor eyes ; 

Such I have often seen — a Monarch's head, 

1 think *twas ^ro's — 

No charms like these my soaring geniys nought } 

Far different scenes engag'd my ev'ry thought. 

What mighty reason prompted you to view 
The fair Italian regions, since on you 
Their greatest pride wbs lost, the grand remain^ 
The curious medics of Ro^oaan taste and psuns ? 


Mere empty trifles rather l^Dianks to Heaven> 
My time to more important ^axe& wf4 g^ven 1 
The tuneful chorus gladdened f very t\our j 
The mazy dance display*d its m^u^c powers- 
Love, wine, apd joy, n>Aiutain*a aUemate swav j 
Jx)ve crowned the night, and Pleasure bless'd the day. 

* * * ♦ ♦ ^» ' Qsieradinai, 


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1733-] THE ElGHTEENTtl CElOtmY. $9 

Div. Magd. Commensiites. By W. Hasledine *, of 
Magdalen Coll^. Accedit Oratio Fptri Francisci 
Courayer-}-, S.T.P. habita in iisdem C^witiis, 5 W. 

Dr. Courayer was' sneered at in a pamphlet of eight 
pges;}:, signed at tlie end " Peter Franci^ le Courayer, 
k^ular Canon and Book-keeper of St. Qenevieve at 
Pari^, and Doctor of 'Divinity at Oxford §." j 

♦ Who took the d^ree of M. A. Oct, 20, 173^," 
t A separate translatioh of Pr. Courayer s speecb.^as piipte<|> 
in 1734, under the title of " Ad Oration spokcMi in tl^e Tbeatnp 
at Oxfijfd, at the Public Act, 1733, by peter Fi-anci$ Cpm^yer^ 
D. D. Translated fi-pm tliie Latin, by ^ Cei)tl^ma|^ of the Unir 
versity of Oxford," 8vo. ^ . , 

^ This pamphlet contains two caricature portraits of Courayer, 
in a white di^, and a bell in his hand ; ^d jip fi copy of it 
which Mr. Bindley possesses it is inscribed to fM Duh of Mor^ 
tague. — Vhr. Courayer was. a Roman Catbo^i? Clergyman, re- 
markable for his moderation, charity, and temper, concerning 
religious affairs j and was presented by the University of Oxford 
with a Doctor*s degi-ee, on the ^8th of August, 1737> for hi^ 
masterly '* Defence of English Ordinations." As it is something 
uncommon for a Roman Catholic Clergyman to be admitted to 
degrees in Divinity by Protestant Universities, the curious may 
be gratified with a sight of the diploimi, by refeiTing to " The 
Prraent State of the Republick of Letters for June, 17^8," p. 45S j 
where they will also find (p. 487) the Doctor's answer, which is 
written with moderation, charity, and- temper In 172S wa^ 
published, " A Letter from the Reverend Father Courayer; D. D. to 
the Reverend William Whiston, in Answer to his Letter concern*- 
ing the holy Order of tlie Tertullyanites in Asia Minor, being 
Father Comayer's first Essay in the English Tongue. To whicl^ 
is prefixed, a sketch of the Habit of tl>e Tertuliyanites, whicl^ 
the curious will not be sorry to see. Printed for the Author : 
^d sold by the Booksellers of London and Westminster, 17^8. 

§ This very pious Divine was born at Vernon in Normandy in 
1^1. Whilst canon regular and librarian of the abbey of St. Gene- 
vieve at Paris, he applied to Abp. Wake for the resolution of some 
doubts, concerning the Episcopal Successions in England, an4 
the validity of our Ordinations ^ being encouraged thereto by the 
friendly correspondence which had passed between the Arch* 
bishop and the late Dr. Du Pin of the Sorbonne. The Arch* 
bi^op sent him exact copies of the proper records, attested by a 
Notaiy-public ; and on tliose he built his Defence of the EngUsh 
Ordinations, which was published in Holland in the year 1727. 
The original paperis, which the Archbishop sent over to Dr. Cou- 
rayer, togetjier \yith severa^ letters which passed concerning thb 
terms or 1^ projected re^9nciliatio^ between the Churches of 


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France aiu} Kn^fid, were in the pofisessiou of the late Rev. Os- 
mund Beauvoir, .piaster of th6 King' at Canterbury, whose 
father wa^ chapbtn to the English etnbassy at Paris, and througli 
his hands the* correspondence with Abp. Wake was carried on. 
Some of the letters are published in the " Biog:i-aphiaBritannica," 
article Wake. , The author of " The Confi^ional" attacks se- 
verely the .memory of the Arclibibhop, fiir charitably ti-eating- 
with the Dini^es of the Sorbonne,, as if he had funaieil a sclieme 
for yielding up the Protestant doctrfaies to the Church of Rome : 
though this ^|rly)Ie/aflair, on the'^^rt of the Archbishop, was' 
conducted with all possible fidelity and resolution -, such as will 
Ao him honouf' with the latest posterity. The reader may see 
him well vindicated by Dr. Maclau^e, in the third number of his 
Appendix to ^' Mosheim's Ecclesiastical Histoiy,*' where the ori- 
ginal correspondence with Mr. Beauvoir is printed ; which De- 
fence by Dr. MacUine was replied to, and answered by the wri- 
'ter of *' Occasional Remarks upon some late Strictures on the 
Confessional, Part II. 1769 ;*' in which Remarks it is pre^med 
{but this may be matter of opinion) the original charge against 
Abp. Wake is l^onfirm^ by his own letters, which' Dr. Maclaine 
has produced, " notwithstanding . they were furnished by Abp. 
Seeker with a contrary design. Tlie Cardinal De Noailles being 
highly offended with Dr. Courayei's book, the Marshal De No- 
ailles, his brother, endeavoured to pacify hirrt, and restore Cou- 
rayer to his fevour; but without success. Wlule the danger of a 
prosecution, or rather a j>ersecution, was dej>euding, it was 
thought mobt adviseable that he should take refuge in England j 
but he was in so little haste on this occitsioa, tliat he made a 
slow journey to Calais in a st.'\ge-coach ^ and was detained ther^ 
some time by a contrary wind, so that he might easily have been 
apprehended. However, he got safe to England, where he was 
well received -, but he complained to Abp. Wake, that it was a 
bad country for a religious man to reside in, because of the un- 
happy differences in Religion, by which mutual charity b de- 
stroyed) and the liberty which many take of speaking against the 
doctrines of Christianity, and conxipting the uiinds of the pfo^ 

Sle. " His upright fortitude in declaring hi» sentiments," Dr. 
laclaine says, ** obliged him to sc^ek an asylum in England y 
and, notwithstanding the persua^iion of the absurdities which 
abound in the Church of Rome, he never totally separated him-p 
self fi-om its communion." From a letter of Bp. Attcrbury, we 
learn that that Prelitte was exposed to some tiouble on account 
of Father Courayer's escape from Fi*ance, wliich he was supposed 
to have fiaicilitatcd j and that all the meth(xls taken by Couraycr 
in that respect, and towards defending the dispensations of the 
Chiu-ch of England, had been concerted ^ith Bp. Atterbury. The 
French King and Cardinal Fleury sent him a message on the 
subject, by^he Lieutenant de Police. He tells Mr. Morice, " I 
saJd what iius true on that head, without disguise ; and, after 
an hour's conversation, did, I think, satisfy the Lieutenant, 
that I hail done nothing but wliat became me. Jle owned afi 
much> and promls<.'d to ^nake his report accoitlingly, and to 


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^733] "niE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. ' 41 

juGtify nut, not ouly i la covr, bnt a la ville-y an^ he has bees 
as good as his word, and behaved lumself, on this occasion, 
i%ith ail honour> and ivlth all civility, towards me ; «o that i Look 
upon that matter as qai^ed." In a subsequent letter the Bishop 
adds> *< I did not minoe the matter to the Magistmte ; nor am I at 
all ashamed of what has happened, or concerned fbr it. 1 owned 
my friendship fbr Pere Couray/er ; told them frankly a great deal 
moie than they knew of that matter, as far as I wa9 concerned ) 
and thought there was no reason to wonder at, or blame my 
conduct 1 convinced them of thiat point, and I brieve there is 
an end of it. I shewed the lieutenant the picture of Pere Coa«- 
rayer hanging up in my room ; told him I Ivid visited him in his 
retreat at Hanment, while he was in disgrace there ; and that 
he came to take his leave of me the night before he left Paris ); 
and that in all this I thought I had done nothing that misbecame 
me." The Lieutenant, who behaved with great jrallteness, was 
perfectly satisfied with the Bishop*s explanation ; but this was not 
the case with the Cardinal, who was persuaded that Father Cou* 
layers escape was entirely owing to Atterbury; and displayed 
much i^esentmentton that account. — The Marquis of Blandford, 
soon after Courayer's arrival in £n^nd, made him a present of 
U)L by the hands of Nicholas Mann, esq. With some difficulty 
he obtained a pension of One hundred pounds a year from the 
Court; and, having translated Father Paul's History of the Council 
of Trent into French, in two volumes folio, 1736, he dedicated 
it to j^een Caroline, the munificent patroness of distressed 
merit, in the most elegant strains of gratitude : *' Exiled," he 
says, " into your Majesty's dominioas, by those enemies which 
the love of Truth alone procured me j antl die Defience of a Church 
which you have ever honoured with your esteem and protection j 
your goodness has been my asylum in diflgrace> sustained me 
under my afQictions, relieved my necessities, and supplied all my 
wants; oft-times preventing, and exceeding my occasions; while, 
to crown the grandeur of your beneficence, you liave scarce suf- 
fered me to tlmnk you for those favours you deemed inconsider- 
able, though the weight of them overwhelmed me. Delighted 
with the consciousness of well-doing, more than with aU the 
elogies that naturally attend your benevolence, you refuse to 
admit even the justest ackuowledgmentd ; and, to save those yoa 
succour, as £60* as possible, the publishing their misfortunes, by 
the recital of your grace and clemency, you seek only the divine 
satis&ction of solacing the unhappy, without bartering your li« 
berallty for applause." The Queen increased his pension to two 
hundred pounds ; and, by the sale of the work, he raised fifteen 
hundred pounds more. He gave 16002. to Lord Feversham, for 
an annuity of 100/. which he enjoyed for fifty years. Thus he 
rose, by degrees, to very easy circumstances ; which were made 
still more so by the reception which his agreeable and edifying 
conversation procured hun among great people, with many of 
whom it was his custom to live for sevei-al months at a time. 
He bad two;uster8^ who were nuns ; and in 1776 had a brother 


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4i WTER^iv ANECDOTES Of [l733- 

living at Pdiis in the profewion of the Law, to whom he gave g 
handsome gold snuff-box^ which had been praented to i^ by 
j^een Caroline. 

Coiirayer's works were many, and all in French. He tranelatcd 
^loidan's History of the Reformation } and wrote a second De- 
fence in support of his first, against the ar^ments of the Jesuits^ 
father Haixluin, Cardinal Tencin, &c. In discoursing about 
l^igknifi sulQectB, he was reserved and cautious, avoiding con- 
trovert as mucfai as possible. He never had any good opinion 
of Bower, who came over hither to write his Hutory of the 
Popes : • he accused him of poetending to cdUect from books 
whiph bo had never seen'^ and said he was a dark mysterious 
piap, of a very suspicious character. Soon after his retirement 
to EnglaAd (it is said) he went to a priest of the Romish Church 
for Confession, and told him who he was. The priest dared not 
t^ke his confession, because he was excommunicated : but advised 
him to consult his Superior of Genevieve. What was the issue of 
this application, we know nat$ but it is certain that, when in 
Ixmdon, he made it his practice to go to mass ^ and, when in 
the country at Ealing, whither he freiquently retired Ibr privacy, 
lie constantly attended tte service of the parish-churdi, declar- 
ing> at all times, that he had great satis&ction in the prayers of 
the Church of England^ The Jesuits were Yds wont enemies ; 
yet, when that Order was suppressed, his great humanity la« 
niented the fate of many poor men, who were thrown out of 
tbeir bread, and cast, in a helpless state, upon the wide world; 

He died October 17* 1776, after two days iHnees, at the great 
9ge of 96; and, at his own desiie, was'biuied in the South 
cloister of Westmii!ister-abbey; where, directly over the effigies 
9f abbot Vitalis, is the following inscription, the pixxluction of 
the bte Rev. Jphn Kynaston^ 3 by whose friendslup a more ac* 

♦ Son of Htimphry Kynaston, citizen of Chester (descended from a yoiiiiger 
branch of the Kynastons of Brong^iin, in the county of Montg^omery). Hp 
WM born at Chester, Dec. 5, \TiB; admitted a comttioner in Brazen Nose 
college, Oifonl, March 90, 1740 ; eleotcsd fcMar on tW fbiindatioii of Sarah 
puches^ Dav^ger of ^ompr^et, in the said college, Aug. I of ^he same year; 
took the degree of B. A. Oct 16, 1749; was elected fellow Juqe U, 1751 1 an^ 
took the degree of M. A. June 4, 1 752. He obtained no small reputation by 
an Oratiuncula, intituled, ** De Impi^tate J. Oomelio Tadto fiils6 objectatA : 
Oratio e« Institutp Viri cl. Prancuci Bridgman, Militia, habita in Sacello 
CoUegii JEneiNau Qyon. Fe^to Sanc^i Thpm^, ])epeqibnft 21, A. X>. 1761, 4 
J. K< A. M. Coll. fuufdem Socio;", in which he ei^deayottved to disprove the 
false allegations (for such he really thought tham) of Faiiiiauus Strada (that 
excellent critie, and n^ost elegant writer) against Tacitus, on that very hack- 
aied topick, his daring impiety, and sovereign contempt of the Suprei^e. — > 
la 1764 he pobli»hed " ACoUection of Papers reiatire to the Prosocutioo 
now carrying on in the Chancellor's Court in Oxfocd, agaipst Mr. Kynaston, 
by Matthew Maddock, Clerk, rector of Cotworth and Holywell, in the County 
of Himtingdon, and Chaplain to his Grace of Manchester, for the Charge of 
Adultery alledged against the said Matthew Maddock ;" 8vo. From the 
date of this publication (the cause of which operated too severely on his high 
sense of hqipour and ingeououtnew pf heart) he resided, in not the best stats 
of health, at Wig^n principally, loved and re8pecte4 by a few select friend* ; 
^oivgst whom the writer of this article is happy to place himself. Though 
^ , he 

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cnrate c<^y of it than tl^it upoz^ th^ rnQniupept (which was. put 
up too hastily befbi-e the ^uthpv s W revi3$il) H'aa first pr9scnte4 
to the publick in thie lii-st edition of tl^ese '' Anecdotes.:** 


aonis moruinque integritate juxt^ re\'erendus 


Copnohii de SancldL Genpvey^ dicti 

apud lu'bem Lutetiam Parisionua 

regulam olim Canonicus. 

Vir, 8iqt)isaUi}8y. 

de £cclesi£t atque Politift Anglican^ 

animo pariter ac scriptjs, optim^ meritus : 

quippe qui Episcopalivun jus adnuui#tFationum^ 

januii^ k Pontificiis a^nim^ ioipug^atum . 

huic eidem Ecclesis 

et Gallut} ipee, ^t Ppptificius^ 

iavicti a]:]|;iimentqrum vi i^sseruit et vmdicavk ; 

quique adeb, pb id viniUcanduiBj 

pulsus jam patri^, profugiis 

omnibusqu^ deipum eaaitus tbrtunis, 

b&c in urbe qusrebat assylum» et inveniebat ; 

ibique per anuos pfop^ quiaqu^ota - 

honesty mentis otio ^regius tj-uebatur exul« 

bononun omnium deUcia6. vi\i:)s> 

omdium commune desid@iriiun. 

Obiit quintadeeim£L die Octobris 

anno post natum Christum yiD(;^hii,J(^Yi -, 

post se natum xcv. 

Huic tali tantpque Viro 

mannor hoc^ amoris sui mo^imentum^ posulre Amici^ 

cui &n)ajn maimore pereoniorem pe^ierit 

defensa Veritas^ refiitatus error." 

In his last will, dated Feb. 3, 1774, prpved at Doctors Comi- 

mons Oct. 24, 1776, he declares, " th0.t he dies » member oif 

tlie Catholic Church, but withcHit fipprpving of Wfny of th^ 

opinions and superstitions which have beep introduced into' tl^ 

Homish Church, and taught i^ their schools and seminaries, 

and which they hav6 insisted on as articles of fdith> though to 

him they appear to be not only not founded in truth, ))ut 2so te 

be highly improbable.** He ]e£t 500/. to St. Martin's parish, and 

900/. to the parish of St. Margaret-s Westminster, in wtuch he 

died ; a h^dsom^ spm of money to the poor of Yemon in Nor? 

he never |ia4 th^ pleasiire of seeing Mr. Kynaston, he has often been de> 
lighted, and his own litei^ry labours facilitated, by his valuable copespon- 
deuce; paiticularly in the '* Select Collection of Miscellany Poems,'' where 
tome of the most valuable were communicated by Mr. Kynaston. His cha- 
fitaUe attejitioos to the upfQitunate Miss Blandy are noticed \n QenU Mag. 
Tol. LIU. p- 803 ; and the literary aid he j^ve at Oxford to K#Is, a learned 
fibyiicbn, in vol. LV. p. 846.— On the 27th of March 1783, Mc Kyuastoa 
had the misfortune to br^^k his left arm, near the shoulder. The b«nc8, 
however, having been properly replaced, h^ was thouglit out of danger j but 
died at Wican io the June klUpwlBg. 


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tiiandy, where he was born; and, after many legacies to his 
friends in England, the r^st and residue to two nephews of his 
name at Vernon. — The principal part of this article is taken 
from *' Observations in a Journey to Paris/* an entertaining" 
little work, in two volumes, small 8vo, 1777, by the Rev. W. 
Jones, B. A. then rector of Pluckley, in Kent 3 of whom- see 
Tol. IV. p. 161 J and the account of Dr. Courayer was communi- 
cated to this intelligent traveller by James Smyth, esq. of Upper 

The picture of Dr. Courayer, mentioned in p. 41, was given 
by Bp. Atterbury's will to the University of Oxford, and is now 
in the Bodleian Libraty. There is also a small oval portrait of 
him by Elizabeth Gukton, from a })a]nting of Hamilton, in-' 
scribed," Pieire Fi^ancis Courayer,' who was banished France for 
writing in defence of the English Ordination. He was bom at 
Rouen, Nov. 17, 1681, and is still living. Published June 1, 
1744." [Mrs. Gulston was the wife of Joseph Gulston, esq. of 
Ealing Grove, Bliddlesex, a celebrated collector of British por- 
traits. This Lady etched several other portiaits, as may be seen 
in Bromley*s Catalogue, which she gave away to her .husband's 

Mr. Markland, in a letter to Mr. Bowyer, Sept. 29, 1746, 
says, " Mr. Clai'ke has given me Father Courayer*s Translation of 
the Histoiy of the Council of Trent 3 with whose Preface I am 
so greatly pleased (having just now read it) that if he be no more 
a Papist in other tenets than he is in those he mentions (which 
are many, and of the most distinguished class) I dare say there 
are veiy few considerate Protestants who are not as good Ca- 
tholics as he is. If you have not read it, you have a great plea- 
eure to come," Bp. Hare had given that copy of Coura}'er to 
Mr. Clarke. Notwithstanding the excellence of Courayer*s work, 
there is reason to regiet that an English Translation, which was 
1>egun in 1738, and «ome sheets of it actually printied off, was 
not proceeded with. This assertion will be readily credited, when 
I add that it was undertaken by Dr. Johnson. The part that 
was printed has long since been converted into waste paper, and 
(unfortunately) not a single copy of it is known to have been 
preserved. An earlier Translation had been published by Sir N. 
ferent in 1616. See the article of Cave, in the Illustrations of 

Vol. y. No I. 

Soon after this article had appeared in the former edition, a 
curious little work was published, under the title of *' A Decla^ 
ration of my last Sentiments on the different Doctrines of Reli- 
gion. By the late Pierre Francois Le Coumyer, D. D. Author of 
the * Dissertation on the validity of English Ordinations,' and 
Translator of ' Thf History of the Council of Trent,' by Pra; 
Paolo Sarpi, and of * The History of the Reformation,' by John 
Sleidan. Faithfully translated from the original French, just 
published from the MS. of the Author. To which is prefixed^ 
'. An Account of Dr. Courayer." The MS. of this remarkable 
tract was given by M. Le Courayer himsdf to the late Princess 


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Among the other books printed by Mr. Bowyer 
in this, year were, 

"An Oration, in which an Enquiry is made, 
whether the Stage is, or can be made, a School 
for forming the Mind to Virtue. Spoke March 13, 
1733, in the Jesuits' College at Paris, by Charles 
Poree, of the Society of Jesus« Translated by John 
Lockman *." 

Amelia, who left it as a legacy to her chaplain, the Rev. William 
BcU, D. D. formerly Fellow of Magdalen college, Cambridge, 
and Prebendary of Westminster ; who published it as originally 
written in the French language.*— The Translator (now known 
10 be the Rev. Dr. John Cadder) says, " The publick un- 
doubtedly is much obliged to the very respectable Dignitary 
of the Church of England who has moured them with the 
original of the following Declaration, and who was induced to 
the publication by a liberality of sentiment, and upright views 
of usefulness, that do him great honour, and have dUtinguished 
him through the course of his public life. As this gentleman 
seems very desirous it should be known to the publick that he 
has no concern in the follo\ving translation, the Translator takes 
this earliest opportunity to meet his wishes, and second his ad- 
vertisement, by declaring, with the utmost sincerity, that, to the 
best of his knowledge, he never saw the £ditor of the oiiginal, 
nor ever liad any correspondence witli him on this or any otlier 

* Seeretary to the British Herrixig Fishery. His poetical 
laknts seem not very extensive, as the greatest part of what he 
has fovoured the world witli of that sort has been only a few 
songs, odes, &c. written on temporary subjects, and intended to 
receive the advantage of musical composition before they reached 
the pubKck. Mr. Reed, however, found two pieces of the dratv 
matic kind, both of them designed to be set to music, but only 
the second of them, he thinks, ever performed. Tliey are inti- 
tokd, 1. '' Rosalinda, a Musical Drama, 1740," 4to. *2. *' Da- 
Tid*8 Lamentations, an Oratorio.** Mr. Lockman had been con- 
cerned in several traaslations and compilements of very consi- 
derable works 5 particularly the "General Dictionary,*' and 
*' BiainviUe's Travels ;" but, what is more to his praise, he was 
a man of the most scrupulous integrity. He died Feb. 2, 1771. 
-^oswril mentions him as " remarkable for an extraordinary 
number of occasional verses, not of eminent merit ;" and notice:^ 
a fooeer of Johnson's, on his being nienti6n,ed in a foreign publi- 
cation as PUlustre Lockman, 


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46 * LITER AkY A^NECDOTES Oy [l734. 

" A Practical Gi-ammar of the English Tongue ; 
or, a rational or easy Introduction to sj>eaking and 
writing English correctly and properly, peculiarly 
ndaptcd to the Nature and Genius of the Language, 
and free from the hard and unnecessary Terms of 
the Latin Rudiments. The whole treated of in 
pressive Terms and familiar Style, and in the most 
natural and instructive Method ; viz. that of Quesr 
tion and Answer. Designed for the Use of Schools ; 
but, though calculated chiefly for such as require 
only an English Education, may yet be a useful 
Foundation to those who are designed for higher 
Studies. By W. Loughtoti, Schoolmaster at Ken- 
sington;** 8vo. 

^^ The Character of a Liberal Man ; a Spital 
Sermon, preached at St. Bride's, before the Lord 
Mayor, Aldermen, and Governors of the several 
Hospitals, on the Wednesday in Easter-week, 
April 17, 1734, on Prov. xi. 25. By Joseph Ro- 
per ♦, D. D/' 4to. 

^^ Six Dissertation/i : 1 . The Testimonies of Jo- 
sephus concerning Jesus Christ, John the Baptist^ 
and James the Just, vindicated ; 2. The Copy 01 
the Old Testament made Use of by Josephus, 
proved to be that which was collated by Nehemiah ; 
3. A Replv to Dr. Sykes's Defence of his Disser- 
tation on tfie Eclipse mentioived by Phlegon ; 4* The 
Chronology of the Sacted Scriptures, and their 
Predictions coiiflmied by Eclipses, and Astronomi- 
cal Observations ; 5. Remarks on Sii* Isaac Newton's 
Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel, and 
the Apocalypsie ; S. A Demonstration that oUr Sa- 

* Fellow of St. JoWs college, Cambridge; B.A. I7063 M.A. 
itiO J B.D. 17ir> D.D. 17^6. He was presented May 2, 1720, 
by' the Dean and Chapter of St. I^ul*8, to the united rectories of 
St. Nicholas Cole Abb^, and St. Nicholas OlaVe,' in the city of 
London ; and in 1737> as president of Sion-college, delivered the 
*' Concio ad Clerum> 1 Cor. ix. 16." which was printed in the 
same year. He published also two other single Sermons ; one 
before the Sons of the Clei^, 1 Cor. ix. 1 1, 1735, Ato-y the other, 
from John' vii. 17, a CoDomeficement Sennon at Cambridge* 
1728, 4to. He died March 13, 1746. 

Digitized by V^OOs. 


vioiir*^ Ministry continued at least l^ouf Years* 
occasioned by a late Dissertation oh ' that Subject. 
By William Whi8tx)n, M. A/* 8vo. 

" JBri/«iifim Ramdna; or, the Roman Ahtiquities 
of Britain ; in Three Books, The first contain? the 
tlistory of all the Roman Transactions in Britain^ 
with an Account of their Legionary and Auxiliary 
Forces employed here, and Detertninatioti of the 
Stations per iineafn valli; 'also a lafge Description 
<^ the Roman Walls, with Maps of the same laid 
down from a Geometrical Survey. The second, a 
complete Collection of the Roman Inscriptions and 
Sculptures which have hitherto been discovered in 
Britain, with the Letters engraved in their proper^ 
Shape and proportionate Size^ and the Reading 
placed under each; as also an Historical Account' 
of them, with Explanatory and Critical Observa-. 
dons. The third, the Roman Geography of Bri-« 
tftin ; in which are given the Originals of Ptolemy,' 
Antonini Itinerarium, the Notitia, the Anonymous 
Ravennas, and Peutinger's Table, so far as they- 
relate to this Island; with particular Essays ott 
each of these antient Authors, and the several 
Places in Great Britain mentioned l)y them. To 
which are added^ a Chronolc^cal Table, and 
Indexes to the Inscriptions aim Sculpttit^s, alsa 
Geographical Index^, both of the Latm dnd Eng- 
lish Names of the Roman Places in Britain, and w 
general Index to the Work. The whole illustrated 
with above an hundred Copper Plates. By John 
Horsfcy ♦, M. A. F, R. S. Printed foy T. Osborne, 
and T. Longman ;*' folio. 

* " Hie aixUkor of this iveU-writtfiii work t»to «dttcalted M th«' 
public gtamnar-ficbooi at Newcastle ; stiutted afterwards in on«f 
of Oie Scotch Colkge8> where lie took a d^pree 3 And died {^astoi^ 
of a DiflBCDtiag congregation at Moipeth, in NorthumbteiiaiUly 
1732^ a little before the pufalkatioa of fats book; w^ch fxiight 
faegicatfy enka^ed itoai sucoeeding ^iaoo^mckaiifsikesk no&ce of 
in the '' Anecdotes of Britiih Topography/') and stm bter tixk 
known to the mhlidc " From tf copy i^ertdafed ttid fikeSi 
with nota. by Prafessor Wardi now in the* Biitiali MuseuA,**' 
9ip Mr. Gough^ *< which notes were all copied and augmented 


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** Explanatory Notes and Remarks on Paradise 
Lost ; by Jonathan Richardson, Father and Son, 
With the Life of the Author, and a Discourse on tlie 
Poem, by Jonathan Richardson *, Senior ;" 8vo. 

With others from different quarters, as TPell as my own, I ha4 
thoughts of re-publishing the book ; but, having turned my 
thoughts to other modes of illustrating our National Antiquities, 
and observing how incorrect the copies of the inscriptions were, 
and how much more conectly later-discovered inscriptions liave 
been given to the publick, I leave the idea to some abler hand, 
if our National Antiquities in so remote a period ai-e not become 
unfaf^hionable." — The plates of Hoi-sley's Britannia Romana re- 
mained in the hands of Mr. £. Randall, who married one of his 
daughters, and was clerk to a merchant in the Old South Sea 
House. In 1763, they were offered to the Society of Antiquaiies. 
About the year 1769, when they were at Mr. Minor's, late en- 
graver, St. Martin*s-lane, he a&ked Mr. Goiigh 100/. for them, 
who offered twenty guineas as their utmost woilh. They were 
offered to Dr. Giftbiti, of the British Mubeum, for the latter 
sum, 17B0; at which time he kept a school at London Wall. 
Jan. do, 1791, Dr. Goiter had an idea of purchai>ing them at 
twenty guineas, the price ahked in 1769 ; " if he could ha%e 
acquired the copy-right of the book >** and would " have re-pub- 
lished it with additions, had he been sura of a return." In De- 
cember 1784, the Editor of these " Anecdotes" would have given 
more than double that sum for them ; but they were unluckily 
melted down about two houvs only before he had an opportunity 
of making the offer. 

* This was a joint publication of the two Richardsons, father 
. axid son ; the former a celebrated painter, the latter a con- 
noisseur. Both of them were, at the time of this publication, 
eminent for their skill in painting, and the books they had 
written on that subject (see vol. 1. p. 158) 5 and it is but justice 
to the memory Of Hogarth to add, that he destroyed the plate 
there mentioned ; and recalled the prints. The present work 
yns given as a specimen of their judgment in Poetry, and ability 
as Commentators. — Mr. Richardson, as Dr. Johnson says, " is 
now better known by his books than his pictures 3 though hia 
colouring is allowed to be masterly. — ^''Jonathan Richardson 
was undoubtedly one of the best £nglii»h painters of a head that 
had appeared in this country. There is strength, roundness, 
and boldness; in his colouring ; but his men want dignit}', and 
his women grace.. The good sense of the Nation is characterized 
in his portraits. . You see he lived in an age when neither en-> 
thttsiaon nor servility wad predominant ; yet, with a pencil so 
firn|» possessed of a nunieroiis and excellent collection of draw- 
iaga, fiill of the theory, and prcrfbund in reflections on his art, 
be diew nothing weU below the head, and was void of imag^ina« 
tkNib The |ttitudes> draperies, and back-grounds, are totally 


Digitized by 



^^ The History of Osman I. Emperor of the Tuirks, 
tind the Empress of Aphendina Ashada ; translated 
from the French by J. W illiams> Esq, 

insipid ahd unmeaning : so ill did he apply td his owh practicd 
the sagacious rules and hints he bestowed on others. Though he 
wrote with fire and judgment, his paintings owed little to either. 
No man dived deeper into the inexhaustible stores of Raphael, 
or was more smitten with the native lustre of Vandyck -, yet, 
though capable of tasting the elevation of the one^ and the ele- 
jgance of the other, he could never contrive to see with their 
eyes when he was to copy nature himself. One wonders that 
hie could comihent their works so wbll, and imitate thetai so little. 
He quitted business himself some years •before his death ; but his 
temperance and virtue contributed to protract his life to a great 
length, in the full ei\joyment of his understanding ; and in the 
felicity of domestic fiiendship. He had had a pdi-sJytic stroke 
that adSected his arm, yet never disabled him from his customary 
walks and exercise. He had been in St. James's P&rk, and died 
suddenly, at his house in Queen-square, on his return home. 
May 28, 1745, when he had |)assed the 80th year of his age. |ie 
left a son, and four daughtecs ; one of whom was married to his 
disciple, Mr. Hudson, and another to Mr. Gregson, an attorney. 
Hie taste and learning of the son, and the hannony in which he 
lived with his father, are visibte in the joint works they com- 
posed. The lather, in 1719, published two Discourses : 1. " An 
Essay on the whole Art of Criticism, as it relates to Painting ;'* 
9. ** An Argument in Behalf of the Science of a Connoisseur * f* 
bound in one volume octavo. In 172^ came forth *' An Account 
of some of the Statues, Bas-reliefe, Drawings, and Pictures, in 
Italy^ &c. with Remarks^ by Mr. Richardson sen. and jun.** 
The son made the journey; and fVom his notes, letters, and ob* , 
lervations, they both at his return compiled this valuable work. * 
As the &ther was a formal man, with a^low but loud and, son- 
orous voice, and, in truth, with some affectation in his manner 5 
and, to there is much singularity in his style and expression, 
those peculiarities, for they were sc^ce fbibles, struck superficial 
leaden, and, between the laughers and the enviotis, the book 
Ivas much ridiculed. Yet both this and the former are full of 
matter t, good'-sense, and instruction; and the very quaintness of 
some expressions, and their laboured novelty, shew the difficulty 
the author had to convey mere visible ideas through the medium 
of language. Those works remind one of Cibber's inimitable trea- 
tise on the stage. When an author writes on his own profession, 
feels it profoundly, and is sensible his readers do not, he is not 

* lite tellj HI,, that Wmg in leArch l»f a proper tMm for thii leience, Mr. 
Piior p ro po se d to name it Connoistanee ,* bift that word has not obtained, 
pa w e s sion, as Connaisstur has* 

f Their criticisms on the works of Raphael and Michael Angalo, at Rome, 
arc r^narinbly acute and judicious. 

Vot.lL E only 

Digitized by 



A coiiftiderabie number of single Plays^ ibr Mr. 
Tonson, in l2mow 

only excusable, but meritorious, for illuminating the subject bf 
new metaphon, or bolder figures than ordinary. He is the cox- 
comb that sneers, not he that instructs in appropriated diction^ 

'< If these authors were censured when conversant within their 
own circle, it was not to hf^ expected that they would be treated 
with milder indulgence when thev entered into a sister i-cgion. 
In 1734 they publSl>ed a very thick octavo, containing explana- 
tory Notes and Renurks on Milton s Paradise Lost, with the life 
of the author, and a discourse on the Poem. Agiun were tl^ 
good-sense, the judicious criticism, and the sentiments, that 
broke forth in this work, foigotten in the singularities that dis- 
tinguish it 'How forcibly Richardson entei-ed into the spirit of 
his author appears from lus comprehensive expression, that MUn 
ion toas an AfUieni bom two thousand years after his time. Rich- 
ardson, however, was as incapable of reaching the sublime or 
harmonious in poetry as he was in p^intii^, though so capable 
of illustrating both. Some specimens of verse, that he has given 
OS here and there in his works, excite no curiosity for more ; 
though he informs us in his >lilton, that if Painting was his 
. wife. Poetry had been his secret concubine. It is remarkable that 
anolJier Commentator oi Milton has made the same confession. 
— -«imi ei mihi carmvM, me quoque dicunt 
Vatem pustores — 
lays Dr. Bentky . Neither the Doctor nor the Painter adds, sed 
non ego creduUs UHs, thou^ all their readeis are ready to supply 
it for both. 

'' Besides his pictures and commentaries, we have a few etch* 
ings by his hand, particular^ two or three of Milton, and his 
own headu-^The side of 'his collection of drawings, in Februaiy 
I747> lasted eighteen days, and produced about 20602. his pic- 
tures about 700I, Hudson, his son«in-law, bought m«ay of the 
drawing After the death of the son, in 1771^ the remains of 
the fiather^s collection -were sold. There were faundi-eds of por--- 
trahs of both in dhattLs by the father, with the dates when exe- 
cuted ; for a£ter his YetiKment from business, the good old man 
seems to have amused himself with writing a short poem, and 
drawing his own or his son's portrait, every day. The son, 
equally tender, had>marked several with expressions ot affectioa 
on his dear father. There were a few .pictures and drawings by 
the son, for he painted a little too." 

LoEd Qrford's WoEltf, 4to, vol. III. p. 413. 

In June 1776 was published an octavo volume of Poeoks (and 
another promised) by Jonathan Richardson senior, with notes 
hy Us SOIL Tbey are chiefy moral and religious meditations. 
Now and then thera is a pictidwaque line or image ^ but in ge- 
neral the poetry is very careless and iadMTereiit : yet such a pic- 
ture of a good mind, serene in conscious innocence, b scax^y 
to be found* It is impossible not to love (he autborj or not to 

Digitized by 



'^ Letters and Remains of the Lord Oiancellor 
Bacon; coUected hy Robert Stephens "i^^ E^q^; 
late Historiographer Royal,** 4to. 

^nsh to be as sincocly and intenLtionally virtaous. The book it 
perhaps more capable of inspiring emulation of goodness than 
any professed book of devotion, tor the author perpetually de- 
scribes the peace of his mind, from the satisfoction of havii^ 
never deviated from what he thought right. 

* Fourth son of Richard Ste|4iens> esq. 3. of the elder house of 
that name at Eastington in Gloucestershire, by Anne the eldest 
daughter of Sir HughCholmley, of Whitby, in Yorkshire, baronet. 
His first educaticm was at Wotton school, whence he removed to 
Lincoln coU^e, Qdbrd, May 19> 1681. He was entered very 
young in the A!QddIe Tem]^, applied himself to the study of the 
common ]aw> and was caUed to the bar. As he was master of a 
niflScient fortune, it may be presumed that thetemper of his mind, 
which wias naturally modest, detained him firom the public ex- 
erciBe of his profession, and led him to the politer studies, and 
an acquaintance with the best authors, ^tient and modern; yet 
he was esteemed by all who knew him, to have made a great 
proficiency in the Law, though History and Antiquities seem to 
have been his favourite study. When he was about twenty years 
old, being at a relation's house, he accidentally met with some 
original letters of the Lord Chancellor Bacon ; and finding that 
they would greatly improve the collections then extant relating 
to King James's reign, he inunediately set himself to search for 
whatever might elucidate the obscure passages, and published a 
complete edition of them in 1702, with usdnil notes, and an ex* 
ceDent historical introduction. He intended to have presented 
his work to King WiUiam ^ but, that Monarch dying before it 
was published, Sie dedication was omitted. In the Fre&ce he 
requested the communication of unpublished pieces of his noble 
author, to make his collection more complete -, and obtained in 
consequence as many letters as formed the second collection pub- 
lished in 1T34, two years after his death. Being a relation of 
Robert Harky, Earl of Oxford (whose mother, Abigail, was 
daughter of Nathaniel Stephens of Eastington), he was preferred 
by him to be chief solicitor of the Customs, .in which employment 
hie continued with undiminished reputation till 1726, when he 
declined that troublesome office, and was appointed to succeed 
Ur. Madox in the place of Historiographei' Royal. He then 
formed a design of writing a History of King James the First, a 
reign which he thought to be more mbrepresented than almost 
any other since tl^ Conquest } and, if we may judge by the good 
impression which he seems to have had of these times, his exact* 
ness and care never to advance any thing but fi:om unquestion- 
able autfaoritier, besides his great candour and integrity, it 
could not but bare been a ju£cious and valuable performance. 
He married Mary, the daughter of Sir Hugh Cholmley, a lady of 
gnat ^rortbi dicxl at Gravesend, near Thonibuiy, CUtoucester« 

b2 Mxtj 

Digitized by 


52 LlTEllABY AKECDOTEd Of [1754- 

" A Sermon preached at St. Paul's, before the 
; Lord Mayor, Nov. 5, 1734, on Ezra ix. 13, 14. 
By William Crowe*, D.D." 4to. 

*' The Advantages of a National Observance of 
Divine and Human Laws; an Assize Sermon, at 
Maidstone in Kent, March 13, 1 733-4. By James 
Batef, M-A." 

shire, Nov. d, 1782 ; and was buried at Eastington, the seat of 

liis ancestors, where the following epitaph preserves his memory : 

" Robert Stephens, Esq. 

fourth son of Richard Stephens, Esq. Lord of this Manory 

died Nov. 13, 1733, aged 67. 

He was Barrister at Law of the Middle Temple* 

and Solicitor of the Customs to their late Majesties 

Queen Anne and King George the First. 

In his voluntary resignation of which, 

he was for a testimony of his' fidelity made Historiographer. 

A Gentleman for his skill in the Law, Antiquity, and Polite Learnings 

and for his justice and integrity in aU his actions^ worthy to he remembered* 

He married Mary, daughter of Sir Hugh Cholmley, Bart. 

of Whitby, in the County of York, 

and relict of Nath. Cholmley, of Leicestershire, Esq. 

who, surviving, erected this Monument." 

* Chaplain to Bp. Gibson, and in ordinary to King George II j 

rector of St. Botolph Bishopsgate, and of Finchley in Middlesex, 

in the church-yard of which parish he was interred, with a tomb«- 

stone over him to his memory. He published four other single 

Sermons : 1. " The Duty of securing the public Peace, Ps^alm 

cxxii. 6, preached before the Lord Mayor, Jan. 30, 1724 ;*' 

2. Before the House of Commons, Prov. xvii. 14, Jan. 30, 1735 ; 

3. " On the Death of Queen Caroline, 1737 5" " The Duty of 
Public Spirit recommended," from Phil. ii. 4. '* On the intended 
Settlement of a Colony at Georgia.*' — Eleven of his " Sermons on 
several Occasions" were also published in one volume Svo, 1744. 

t Son of Richard Bate, vicar of Chilham, in Kent; of Ben'et- 
college, Cambridge, B. A. 17^ 5 M. A. 1727* where he was pre- 
elected fellow, but removed to St. John's, where he became fellow 
on an immediate vacancy, and distinguished himself by his skill in 
the Hebrew language. He accompanied the Right Hon. Horatio 
Walpole^ in his Embassy to France, as his chaplain ; and was 
made the first rector of the new church of St. Piul Deptford, in 
1731. [Had he not also the vicarage of Houghton Parva in 
Northamptonshire in 17^9 ?] — In 1752 he published ''An Essa^ 
towards a Rationale of the literal Doctrine of Original Sin ; a 
Vindication of God's Wisdom, Goodness, and Justice, in permit- 
ting the Fall of Adam, and the subsequent Corruption of Nature ;** 
' which in 1767 he republished in a much larger octavo volume. 
Besides the Sermon noticed above, he published also six others ; 
1. " The Practice of Religion and Virtue, the only sure Founda- 
tion of Friendship," 2 Kings, x. 15, 1738 ; 2. " The Faith and 
Practice of a Christian the only true Foundation of rational liberty^ 


Digitized by 



'^ Remarks on Spenser's Poems, and on Milton's 
paradise Regained*;" 8vo. This little volume^ 
though published anonymously, was soon known 
to be the production of the learned Mr. Jortin, 
who very modestly thus closes his judicious and 
instructive Remarks :' ** What I have here offered 
on Spenser , may be called an Essay, or rough 
draught of a Commentary, deficient indeed in 
many points, yet, I hope, useful and entertaining 
to all lovers of this Poet. Much more might be 
done ; particularly towards settling the Text, by a 
careful collation of Editions, and by comparing the 
Author with himself; but that required more time 
and application than I wag willing, to bestow -|-/' 

Johiivlii. S^, 1740; 3. ^^ Human Learning useful to true Religion^ 
Acts vii. 2, 1740>" (these two were ** preached at St. Pkul's Dept-i 
ford, b^ore a select number of gentlemen who styled themselves 
the Order of UbiqtiUarians), 3. A Sermon on F^m cxii. 3, 4, 
1743. 4. " Human Learning highly useful to the Ckuse of true 
Beligion; preached at Canterbury, Sept. 13, 1753, at the Annual 
Meeting of the Gentlemen educated at Canterbury School;" Prov.ii, 
3 — 5. 6. The practical Use of public Judgments, a Fast Sermon 
at Deptford, Feb. 6, 1756. — ^He died in 1775 5 and a Funeral Ser- 
mon, preached at St. Paul*s Deptford, by the Rev. Colin Milne, 
LLD. w«is published under the title. of " The Boldness and Free- 
dom of Apostolical Eloquence recpminended to the Imitation of 

» The Author of '* The RepnbHck of Letters" says, " No 
one who takes any pleasure in reading Spenser or Milton will be 
dia>les^ed with perusing these Remarks 3 which indeed are es- 
sential to the understanding of the former, as they are very use- 
ful in illustrating the other,"— Mr. Jortin, who was then a young 
Author, was so gratified with what he tetmed a '* &yauraUe 
mention of his B^emarks," that be sent to ** The Republick of 
Letters" an additio^ial letter, containing fiuther Remarks on his 
own publication, which appeared in March 1735, vol. IX. p. 175 ; 
where we are told that the publiclc were obliged to the same 
kfliafld Writer fiar the '^ Remarks pn Seneca," which had beea 
printed in vol. VIII. p. 85^ and " the fevour of his continued, 
correspOQ4^o^' ^^^ requested. 

t Happily for the publick, both Spenser and Milton hav^ 
found in the Rev. John-Henry Todd a Commentator, who to 
a profound knovrk<lg« of the sul^ect-niatter of tjbe ordinals, haa 
fortunately united leisure and perseverance to perform the task 
recqpnoeoded by Dr. Jortin. 


Digitized by 



Montesquieu's '^ Reflections on the Causes of the 
Grandeur and Declension of the Romans ; translated 
from the French *." 

^' The Useftilness and Authority of the Christian 
Clergy's Instructions; a Sermon preached Feb. 21, 
1733 J before the Sons of the Clergy, on Mai. ii- 7. 
By the Rev. Dr. Mangey ;'^ being the last single 
Sermon which he publisl»sd. 

'^ Lettres ecrites de Londres sur les Anglois, et 
autres Sujets. Par M. Vdtaire.** 

A lai^ impression of the Second Volume of 
ArchbishopTillot8on*s Sermons. 

*^ Some Thoughts concerning a proper Method of 
studying Divinity. By William Wotton, D. D," 8vo, 

** Fables and Tales, from the celebrated La Fon-« 
taine, in French and English. To which is pre» 
fixed the Author s Life.** 

Colonel Montague's " Journal of the War.'* 

Dr. Barrow's ^ Mathematical Lectures." 

Dr. Wilkins's *^ Proposals for printing the Coun-- 
cils." — ^ As a complete Collection of the British and 
Irish Councils and Constitutions, and other pieces 
relating to the Ecclesiastical History of England, 
has long been very much wanted and desired, Dr, 
Wilkins, Archdeacon of Suffolk, has entered on, 
and completed that important and laborious work, 
under the following title : * Concilia Magnae Bri- 
tanniae et Hibemiae, k Synodo Verulamensi, A. D, 
446, ad Londinensem, A. D. 17 17. Accedunt 
Constitutiones, et alia ad Historiam Ecdesiae An- 
glicanae spectantia.' The Reverend Compiler ha» 
spent many years in this work, and made a proper 
*'use of all the advants^es in his power; which have 
been very considerable. A List of the Contents, 
published with the Proposals, and filling 42 columns 
m folio, give the publick an assurance Uiat the Doc-r 
tor has taken uncommon pains in the execution of 
his useful project. We are assured that the whole 

^ Of this work see xooie paiUcuIarly under the j^ear )759. 


Digitized by CjOOQ iC 


work is BOW ready for the press^ and will begin to 
be printed as soon as 250 books shall be subscribed 
for, and delivered within twelve months after that 
time. It will eonsist of about 900 sheets, in four 
volumes in folio. TTie price to Subscribes is six 
guineas ; three to be paid at the time of subscrib- 
ing ; the remainder on the delivery of a perfect 
b<>ok in sheets^ Such gentlemen as are willing to 
encQun^ the undertaking, are desired to subscribe 
before Lady^-day next ♦.** 

*^ Proposals for printing by Subscription, An 
History of the Life of James Duke of Ormonde, 
from his Birth in 1610 to his Death in 16^8. In 
which will be contained, an Account of the Affairs 
of Ireland under his Government ; and a very va- 
luable Collection of Letters, written by his Grace, 
the King, the Secretaries of State, and other great 
Men of his Time. In Three Volumes in folio. 
By lliomas Carte, M. A . The Conditions : l . This 
Work will consist of three volumes, amounting to 
upwards of 400 sheets, and will be printed on the 
same paper, and with the same letter as the speci-* 
men annexed. 2. The price to Subscribers is 
three guineas ; one to be paid down, and the other 
two upon the delivery of the three volumes in sheets. 
3. A number will be printed on royal paper, at the 
price of six guineas. 4. The work will be put to 
the press in July next (by which time the Author 
hopes to compute the number of his Subscribers), 
ana will be carried on with all possible expedition. 
Subscriptions are tak^n in by G. Strahan, at the 
Goklen Ball in Comhill ; F. Gyles, near Middle* 
TOW, Holborn ; R. Williamson, near GrayVinn 
Gate; T, Wooton, at the Xhree Daggers over- 
agsdnst St. Dunstan's Church in Fleet-street ; W. 
Lewis, under Tom's Colfee-house, in Russel-street, 
Covent-Garden; and Mr. Clements, Bookseller in 
Oxford f." 

* Present State of the Bepublick of Letter^ Feb. 1734, p. 157. 
t Ibii May 1734, p. 390. 


Digitized by VjOQQIC 



In this year Mr. Bowyer printed, 

" The tUsefiilness of Mathematical Learning ex-s 
plained and demonstrated. By Isaac Barrow^ D. D^ 
Translated by the Rev. Mr. John Kirkby *.*• 

The first edition of Mr. Maurice Shelton's Xrans-= 
lation of Wotton's " Conspectus/* &c. pf Dr. Hickes*i^ 
** Thesaurus ;*' of which a second edition was pub^ 
lished in 1737, where it will be folly noticed. 

Mr, William Whiston's new "Translation of Jo-? 
s^phus/' folio. 

Mr. John Whistop's '* Catftlog[ue pf Mr. Chishuir* 

"A Discourse of Fundamentals; b^ing the Sub-» 
stance of Two Charge? delivered to the Middlesex 
Clergy at the Visitations of 1734 and 1735. By 
Daniel Waterland, D.D." 

Bp. Bundle's^ " Sermon on the Anniversary of 
the Irish Bebellion, 1735;" 4tOt 

* Of St. John's coUegc, Cambridge, B.A. 1736; M.A. 1745. 
. t Thomas Runudle, of Exeter college, Oxford, B.A. 1710, was 
chaplain to Bp. Talbot, archdeacon of Wilts, and treasurer of 
Sarumj prebendaiy of Durham 1720; rector of Ledgeford 1722 ) 
]UL.D. 1723 3 master of Sherbum hosjHtal 1727. fie was re^ 
commended to the King, in November 1734, by Lord Chancellor 
Talbot for the bishoprick of Gloucester (on the death of Bp. Sy- 
dall) 'y but the appointment was strenuously opposed by Bp. Gib- 
son, from a notion of the Doctor's being a Deist, ibunded on 
some unguarded expressions which had been dropped by hin^ 
fiome years before in a private conversation, at which Mr. Venn 
(who 'was the informer). Dr. Stebbing, &c. were present. In 
consequence of this opposition, the Lord Chancellor was at 
length induced to withdraw hia recommendation. Dr. Benson 
was promoted to the English bishoprick ; and Dr. Bundle^ 11^ 
Feb. 1734-5, to the rich bishoprick of Derry in Ii^dand. He^ 
published three other single Sermons : 1. ''On the Fifth of No^ 
vember, 1718 j" 2. ''A Sermon preached at St.Geoi^*8, Hanover- 
square, Feb. 17, 1733*4, recommending the Charity for estab* 
lishing the new Colony of Georgia, 1734 i" 3. " BeSart the In-; 
corporatcd Society for English Protestant Schools, 1736."— The 
best accoimt of Bishop Bundle's principles is to Be seen in two 
of Lis ovn lett'^rs, which are printed by Mr. Duncombe; one, 
D.c. 9, 1734, \wiUcn immediately after his disappointment at 
r^juccbter; the other, Sept. 9, 1740. He died April 14, 1743, 
wi lU't 25^000/. the bulk of his fortune^ to Mr. John Talbot, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


*^ Nineteen Sermons on several Occasions ; pub- 
lished from the Originals, and never before printed. 
By John Rogers *, D. D. late Vicar of St. Giles's 
Cripplegate; Sub-dean and Canon of Windsor, 
and Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty. To 
which is prefixed the Author's Life ; with an Eu- 
logium written by John Burton^, D.D. Fellow of 
Eton Collie," Svo.- 

" The Cliace, a Poem^ by William Somerville j:, 
Esq." 8vo. 

third son to his patron the Lord Chancellor. An elegant com* 
pUment is paid to this Prelate in Lord Lyttelton's '' Persiaa 
Letters/* Lett. 29; and see the life of Whiston. A smsdl ooUec* 
lection of Bp. Rundle*8 Letters to Mrs. Barbara Sandys of Miser* 
den in Glocicestershire> with ** Introductory Memou^/* was pub- 
fished by Mr. Dallaway in 17B9 ; of which tee some particulars 
in Gent. Mag. vol. LIX. p. 629. 

» Author of " A Vindication of the Civil Establishment of 
{Idigion $ wherein some Positions of Mr. Chandler^ the Author 
of LUerdL Scheme, ^c. and an anonymous Letter on that sul^ec^ 
are occasioqally considered. With an Appendix^ containing a 
Letter from the Rev. Dr. Marshall^ and an Answer to the same,** 
8vo. Four Volupnes of his Sermons (as mentioned in vol. L 
p. 248) appeared at different times^ the titles of which are as 
follow. 1. " The Necessity of Divine Revelation^ and the Truth 
of the phristian Revelation asserted, in Eight Sermons. To 
which is prefixed, a Prefece, with some Remarks on a late 
Book, intituled The Scheme of Literal Prophecy, &c. 1727," 8vo; 
2. *' Twelve Sermons preached on several Occasions, 1730;'* 
$. " Nineteen Sermons, &c." as above printed y 4. '* Seventeen 
Sermons, 1736." 

t Of whom a masterly account appeared in 1771, in a Latin 
^pistkj intituled^ "DeVitA et Moribus Johannis Burtoni, S.T.P. 
Etonensis;" of which an epitome was given in Gent. Ma^« 
ToLXLI. p. 305j which I would have transcribed, had it not 
been already printed, with improvements, in the third volume of 
the " Biographia Britannica >** where it is properly followed by a 
well-written life of his intimate friend Dr. Edward Bentham. — 
It is very w^ observed by Dr. Kippis, that Dr. Burton, who was 
bom at WeoEdywprth in Devonshire in 179S, and died Feb. 11^ 
1771 9 was '' an able divine, a sound scholar^ and an excellent 
academick ; and set an useM example to University^men, whe- 
ther as feUows^ tutors, officers, or editors 3** and that Dr. Bent- 
ham, who was born in the college at Ely, July 23, 1707, and 
died Aug. 1, 1776> was *' a distinguished ornament of the Uni- 
veimty of 6xfoid^ of the Church of England^ and of the general 
fause of Religion and Literature." 

X Mr. Somerville, of whom some interesting particulars occur 
\fk tl^ Works ci Shenstone and in the Letters of Lady Luxborough, 

gitized by Vj^CwlC 


** Eloquentia Ciceronis, by Mr, Thomas Turner, 
of Wye in Kent,** 8vo. 

Captain Hall's ^ Account of the Settlement of 

** The Retributions of Charity;, a Sermon preached 
before the Lord Mayor, on April 7, 1735- By 
Richard [Reynolds] Lord Bishop of Lincoln •.** 

** Linguae Latinae Liber Dictionarius Quadripar* 
titus; a Latin Dictionary, in Four Parts. I. An 
English Latin ; IL A Latin classical ; IIL A Latin 

£rojper; IV. A Latin barbarous. Wherein the 
•tin and English are adjusted, with nviiat care might 
be, both as to Stock of Words, and Proprieties of 
Speech. Opera et Studio Adami Littleton, S.T. D. 
Capelkni Palatini f," The Sixth Edition, with 
large Additions and Improvements." 

was the author of several pleasing Poems 5 the three principal of 
which^ The Chace, Hobbinol, and Field Sports, have frequently' 
been re-printed ; and the whole of his writings form part of every 
elegant collection of English Poetry. The short but fadthful 
account of Mr. Somerville by Dr. Johnson renders it unnecessary 
to say more of him here, than that he was an accomplished gen- 
tleman, an active and skilful sportsman, and an useful justice of 
the peace j that he died July 29, 174^, in his 50th year j am| 
vrus buried at Wotton, near Henley on Arden. He was the inti« 
mate friend of Mr. Shenstone -, who placed a monumental ura 
at the Leasowes to his memory (engraved U^ Gent Mag. for Sep* 
4ember 1807) « inscribed : 

" Ingenip et amicitiee 
GuLisLMi Somerville^ 
Debita spargens lacryma &vi3Iam 
vatis amici.** 
« RichardReynoUs, LL.D. of Trinity-haB, Cambridge; chan- 
cellor of the diocese of Peterborough j and in 1718, dean of thai 
cathedral; Bishop of Bangor 17^1; of Lincoln 1723^ died Jan. 15^ 
1743. He was buried at Buckden, near liis wife, the Hon. Sarah 
Reynolds, who died April 7» 1740. — ^The Bishop published t^va 
other single Sermons ; one preached before the House of Lords* 
^an. SO, 1721 1 the other, for the Propagation of the Gospel^ 

t The first edition of this valuable Work appeared in 1675* 
^tb a dedication to King Charles the Second. This learned 
Lexicographer, descended from an antient funily, was bom 
Kov. 8^ 1627^ at Haks-Qwen^ of which place hi9 father was mi^ 


/ Digitiztd by VjOOQ IC 


Captain Ogilvie*s ^' Historie of the Troubles of 
Great Britain," 

nister. Educated under Dr. Busby at Westminster-school^ lie 
was chosen student of Christ Chur/ch^ Oxford, in 1647 : but 
gected by the Parliamentary visitors next year. He becamow 
usher of Westminsttr-school soon after ; and in 1658 was mad« 
second master, having for some time taught school in other 
pboes, and, after the Restoration, at Chelsea, of which church 
he was admitted rector in 1674. He was made prebendary of 
Westminster the same year; and had likewise a grant from 
Charles II. to succeed Dr. Busby in the mastership of that 
school^ for which he was highly qualified. He had been soma 
years before appointed king's chaplain; and in 1670 accumu- 
lated his degrees. in Divinity, convenred on him wiUiout taking 
any in arts, on account df his extraordinary merit ; in attesta- 
tioB 'whereof he brought letters from Henchman^ Bishop of 
handan, recommending him to the University as a man eminentlj 
leamed, of singular humanity, and sweetness of manners, blarney 
less aad religious life> and ako for his exquisite genius and I'eady 
fdcolty in preaching. He was for some time sub-dean of West- 
nnnster ^ suod in 16d7> licensed to the church of St. Botulph Al^ 
dengate, which he hdd about four yeara, and then resigned it, 
possibly on account of some decay in his constitution. He died 
June 30, 1694, aged 67 years ; and was buried in his chuj7<:h at 
-CMsea, where on a square white marble is inscribedj 
*' Hie prop^ situm est corpus 
doctissimi viri et de Uteris optim^ merit!, 


GapeDani Regii, Canonici Westmonasteriensbi 
faiVJus £ccle3i« 
(per spatium xxiv annorum) Rectoris ; 
^xmnibus hujus parochiie incolis unic^ chari : 
£ stirpe antiqua et venerabili oriundi, 
Obiit ultimo die Junii 1694, 
anno eeltatis suse 67." 
He was an excettent philologist and grammarian ; an inde&ti-p 
.gable restorer of the Latin tongue, as appears from his Latin 
pictionaiy ; and an excellent critic in the Greek, a Lexicon in 
which language he laboured much in compiling, but was pre- 
sented from mushing by death. He was also w^U skilled in tha 
Oriental languages, and in Rabbinical learning ; in prosecution 
ef which he ex£ftusted great part of his fortune, in purchasica^ 
books and manuscripts from all parts of Europe, Asia, and 
Africa. Some time before his death, he made a small essax* 
towards focilitating the knowledge of the Hebrew, ChaUee, and 
Arabic tongues ; which, if he had had time, he would have 
brought into a narrower compass. He was farther versed in the 
abstrae parts of the mathematics, and wrote a great many pieces 
concerning mystical numeration, which came into the hands of 
Us brother-in-law;, Dr, Hoskin. Ue was extremely charitable, 



Mr. Tvvells's * '^ Answer to the * Enquiry into the 
Learning of the Demoniacks." 

Mr. Thomas Carte's " Protest and Reasons." 

*^ Grammatical Treasure." Q. what was it ? 

" The Works of Hildebrand Jacob -f*, Esq. 
containing Poems on various Subjects and Occa- 
sions/' 8vo, 

easy of access, communicative, afiFable, fkcetioua in oonversation, 
free from passion, of a strong; constitution^ and a venerable 
countenance. Besides his Latin Dictionary, be published, 
1. *' Tragi-comoedia Oxoniensis, a Latin Poem on the mad Pro- 
ceedings of the Parliamentary Visitors, 1648," -a single sheet, 
4toy doubtful. «. " Pastor metricus, &c. 1658," 4to. Greek 
and Latin. 3. " Diatriba in octo Tractatus distributa," &c. 
printed with the former. 4. '' Ekmenta Religionis, sive quatuor 
Capita catecheticatotidem Ling^ils descripta, in Usum Scholarum, 
1658," Svo, to which is added, 5. '' Complieatio Radieum' in pri- 
msvii Hebraeorum lingu^." 6. << Solomon's Gate, or aa £b-p 
trance into the Church, &c. 1662," 8vo. Perhaps this title was 
taken from the North gate of Westminster Abbey, so called. 
7- !* Sixty-one Sermons, 1680," Svo. a " A Sermon at a so- 
lemn Meeting of the Natives of the City and County of Worces- 
ter, in Bow-church, London, June 24, 1680," 4to. 9. " Pre- 
fece to Cicero*s Works, Lond. 1681," 9 vols, fol. 10. "ATrana^ 
lation of Seldens *JKni Anglorum Fades altera,' with Notes, 
published under the name of Redman Westcote, 1683," fplio. 
With this were printed three other tracts of Selden, \'iz. his 
** Treatise of the Judicature of Parliaments, &c." " E^Iand'si 
Epinomis." "Ofthe Disposition of Imitates' Goods." 11. "llie 
Life of Themistocles, from the Greek," in the first vol. of Plu- 
tarch's Lives, by several hands, 1687, 8vo. He alsa published, 
** Bissertatio Epistolaris de Juramento MedicOrum qui 0?XO£ 
"innOKPATOYS dicitur, &c." as also " A I-fttin Inscription, in 
Ptose and Verse, intended for the Monument of the Fire of 
London, in Sept. 1666." This is printed at the end of his 
Dictionary > as is likewise an elegant epistle to Baldwin Ha^ 
mcy, M.i). 

* Of whom see before, vol. L p. 466. In a MS letter to Dr. Z. 
Grey, Mr. Twells saj's, " I have been here some time, printing a 
Second Vindication of St. Matthew, against a new performance of 
my old Adversary on that subject. He tells me, it shall not be 
In my power to proi^oke him to write any moone; but I have been 
fairly trying his patience in that respect? and next week my 
scribble will eome down to you, with anotfaei* for Dr. Waterland* 
which yon will excuse the trouble I siiall give you of conveying 
to him.*' 

t This gentleman was descended from Sir John Jacob, of 
Bromley, one of the iarmei's of the Customs, who was created a 
baronet June \U 1664. His &ther> Hiktebcand Jacobs esq. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

1735-] tllE EIGHTEENTH CEKTCRY. tfl 

" Epistle to a Person of Quality," and '' Epistle 
to Mother Lodge,*' both single Poems, in folio, by 
Mr. Hildebrand Jacob. 

Proposals for printing Mr. Bridges's '^ History 
tad Antiquities of Nortliamptonshire *." 

^ The Art of Dancing explained by Reading, and 
Figures ; whereby the Manner of performing the 
Steps is made easy by a new and familiar Method ; 
being the original Work -f- first designed in the Year 

died June 3, 1739 ; and his grandfather^ Sir John Jacob, 
March 31, 1740 ; when Hildebrand succeeded to the title of 
baronet.' He was a very extraordinary character. As a general 
Bcholar, he was exceeded by few -, in his knowledge of the He- 
brew language he scarcely had an equal. In the earlier part of 
his life, one custom which he coc^tantly followed was very 
remarkable. As soon as the roads became pretty good, and the 
fine weather b^an to set in, his man was ordered to pack up a 
few things in a portmanteau, and with these his master suid 
himself set ofif, without Itnowing whither they were going. 
When it drew towards evening, they enquii-ed at the first village 
they saw, whether the great man in it was a lover of books, and 
had a fine library. If the answer was in the negative, they went 
on ferther ; if in the affirmative. Sir Hildebrand sent his com- 
pliments, that he was come to see him; and there he used to stay 
tin time or curiosity induced him to move elsewhere. In this 
manner Sir Hildebrand had very early passed through the greatest 
part of England, without scarcely ever sleeping at an inn, unless 
where town or village did not afiford one person civilized enough 
to be glad to see a gentleman and a scholar. He died unmarrioi, 
at Maivem-Welb,' aged 76> Nov. 4, 1/90; and was buried at 
St Anne*s Soho. He was author of " The Fatal Constancy, a 
Tragedy, 1723 ;" of " The Nest of Plays, 1738;" consisting of 
three Comedies; 1. "The Prodigal Reformed;" 2. "The Happy 
Constancy ;" 3. '* The Tryal of Conjugal Love ;'* and of several 
Poems published angly in folio. 

* For a particular history of this work see under the year 1737. 
t '' It may seem a Httle strange," says Mr. Tomlinson» 
" that I should claim the honour of having first treated of the 
Art of Dancing; when a Book upon the same subject was pub- 
lished in France so long ago as 1725. But the following ac-> 
count will, I hope, dear up all doubt in relation to the justice 
of my pretensions. In Mist's Joiumal, Jan. 13, 1727-8, ap- 
peared this advertisement : ' Next week will be publibhed. The . 
Dancing Master, or the Art of Dancing explained> by Monsieur 
Kameau. This gave me some small siurpriz«, as I never before 
beard of either any such Book, or Author. Had it been my fortune 
to have known, either before or after I imdertook to write pn 
this Art, that such a book was extant, my curiosity would cer^ 
tunly have led me to have consulted it ; and had I approved it. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


1724. And now published by Kdlom Tomlin- 
8on*, Dancing-master. In Two Books — Tulit alter 
Honores. — Of this curious quarto volume, which is 
dedicated to Catherine Viscountess Fauconberg, I 

St is highly probable I should have given the world a traiialation 
of it, with some additional observations of my own. Tliis had 
been a much easier task than to compobe a work entirely new 
upon the same subject ; which I had actually finished ia 1724, 
ready for the press, as it is now published, without any material 
alteration, a mil year before the publication of Mons. Rameau*8 
Book, and near four years before this advertiBement appeared ; the 
iruth whereof several crediUe witnesses have testified under their 
own hands. 1 advertised this work of mine the first time, as ready 
for the press, and that it only waited for a suflicient number of 
subscribers to defray the expence, in Berington's Evening Post, 
Oct. 15, 1726; and again, in the same [)aper, Oct. 22. This 
advertisement was repeated in the Whitehall Evening Post^ 
Nov. 12 5 and in the London Journal, Dec. 3. In Mist's Jour- 
nal, March 4, 1726-7, I gave notice of the publication of my 
Proposals, together with some Plates by way of specimen \ and 
renewed that notice, on the 18th, in Berington's Evening Post ; 
«nd again, Oct. 28, in the same paper. From this particular 
account it appears, that I had published seven Advertisements 
concerning my* Work ; the first of which was two years and three 
months before ever the Translation of Monsieur Rameau's Book 
was advertised in Mist's Journal, Jan. 13, 1727-8. To secure 
jnysdf in some measure from the damage I might receive by this 
Advertisement, I thought it necessary to publish one myself, a 
few days after, in Misf s Journal, Jan. 27 ; to which I prefixed 
this motto from Virgil, TuUt alter Honores; intimating tkat 
another persdn had attempted to bear away the honour of my 
invention ; and, 1 may justly add, the profit of it too. To make 
his Book appear more perfect and complete, and mine less ne- 
cessary or useful, the Gentleman who published it was not satis* 
fied to present it to the world merely as a Translation of Mon- 
sieur Rameau's Work, approved by Monsieur Pecour, the greatest 
master in France ; but was prompted by his ingenuity and ge- 
nerosity to make such surprizing improvements in the figures as 
will be a lasting monument of his great abilities in the Art of 

An attestation b prefixed, from Joseph Sandys, gendemaii, 
mnd Henry Carey, master of music, that they had seen Mr. Tom- 
linson's Work, prepared for the press, in 1726 j and similar at- 
testations from Alexander Jackson and Joseph Jackson, dancing- 
mastere, that they had carefully perused the Work, and that the 
Second Part of it was composed long before a rival work intituled 
** The Dancing Master" had appeared. 

* Mr.Tomlinson says, " In April 1707 I was placed as an ap- 
prentice with Mr. Thomas Caveriey, now living in Queen-square, 
Bear StGeorge the Martyr^ mth whom I coutiwed till the year 

1714 i 

Digitized by 




iiave .never seen a copy of the first edition^ of which 
the aumber printed was only 375 ; and the number 

1714 ; during which time I had likewise the good fortune to be 
£uth^' instructed in the theatrical way by that gi'eat performer 
Mr. CSierreir, once contemporary with the inimitable Mr. L* Abb£« 
^vifli whom«]soI have had the happiness of a personal acquaintsmce, 
Ifr. Cberreir*8 great merit, after he had quitted the stage, was sup- 
ported along thoe bfthelate Mr. John Shaw, who wasjustly esteemed 
not only one of the finest theatrical dancei^, but one of the most 
tanitiftii performers in the gentlemanlike way; the acquisition 
of both which excellencies in practice must be chiefly owing to 
those admirable instructions in the theory, which he received 
from Mr. Cftverky, when he and I were fellow-apprentices to 
^Mt gnat master. — ^During the time of my apprenticeship I 
^rant genemliy by the name of Kellom, a corruption of Kenelm, 
my tme Christian name; as it is very common for young pei^sons 
to be called Mr. John, Mr. WUlican, and the like, without the 
addition of their snmame. At the expiration of my apprentice- 
ship, aeveral of my friends, out of respect, called me TomUtwm; 
bat, being unwilling to decline the advantage I migiit pro- 
^uMj receive firom the reputation of having Irairned the Ait of 
Hmcing under so great a master as Mr. Caverley, I chose rather 
to retain the name of Kellom, by which I had been so univer-* 
ailly known to be under his instruction. This duplicity of ap- 
pellation turned afterwards to my great disadvantage; many of 
the Nobflity and Gentry, who would hate had their children 
tanght by Mr. Kellom, refusing to' emjdoy Mr. Tomlinson^ 
though recommended to them 3 and many, who would have en>- 
jlofSd Mr. TomUmoH, rejecting Mr. Kellom. To prevent 
winch confusion for the ^ture, i shall acknowledge myself 
obliged to those, who, instead of either singly, shall be pleased 
#0 call me by both conjunctly, Kellom Tomlinson." 

'' Two of my schc^ars have af^ieared on the stage with no small 
applause. The one was Mr. John Topham, who danced upon both 
Tbeatres under the name of Mr. KeltonCs Scholar, when he had been 
with me no longer dian between 9 and 3 years. The other was 
KasFnffices, who, on the Theatre Royal in Lincoln's Inn Fields, 
p erfor m ed the Pktfsusdlle de Scilla, consisting of above a thousand 
measures or steps, without making the least mistakes ; but she left 
me in the midst Of her improvements." — ^Mr.Tomlinson*s principal 
musical productions were : Hie Passepied Round O, in 1715, de- 
dicated to Mr. Caveriey 3 the Shepherdess, in 1716 \ the Submis- 
aon, in 1717, which, by the name of Mr. Kellom*s New Dance, was. 
pefformed by Monsieur and Madem<nsel]e Salle, the two French 
diildren, at theTheatre in Lincoln's Inn Fields, to very considerable 
amfiaaces, for a whole we^ tugether ; the Prince Eugene, in 17^8 1 
the Address, 1799 ; the Gavot, 17%; and the Passacaille Diana^ 
1791, dedEkxted to Mr. L*Abb^ 5 all which he composed, wrote in 
i^Tram whatever cause it happened (certainly not from paying - 


Digitized by 


(54 LittRAftY Anecdotes Of [1735* 

of pages it contained, including the Preface and 
List of Subscribers, was 152. But I have been fa*- 
voured with the loan of a copy of the second edition^ 
possessed by Mr. Bindley, which is enlarged to 160 
pages*, exclusive of twelve introductory leaves; and 
IS dated 1744, having in the front a very fine en-^ 
graving of Mr* Tomhnson, by Morellon la Cave^ 
dated 1754, from a Painting by R. V. Bleeck, 17 16; 
Proposals for printing Dr. Drake's " History and 
Antiquities of x ork*" 

too much to his Printef , ail accusation I have more than once? 
heard from distressed Authors who have never paid their Printer 
a single farthing) is now neither known^ nor is it mateiial ; but 
Mr. Tomlinson*8 finances were so straitened in 1735 as to require 
fipom his creditors a Hcence of forbearance for seven years j at the 
end .of which period he resided at the Red and Gold Flower-pot, 
at the end of Great Ormond-street, Lamb^s Conduit-street. 

* The First Book treats of the beautiful attitudes or postures of 
Standing, the different positions from whence the Steps of Danc- 
ing are to be taken and peiformed ; and likewise of the mann«r 
of Walking gracefully. The several sorts of Bows and Curtesies 
are also fiilly described 5 and all or most of the Steps used in 
genteel Dancings as well as many of those properly belonging 
to the Stage : Illustrated with Sixteen Copper-plates, containing 
Twenty-nine Figures. The Second Book contains Fourteen Plates/ 
consisting of Twentyneight Figures of Gentlemen and Ladies, one 
of each in a Plate, as dancing a Minuetj beginning from the Reve- 
rence or Bow, and proceeding regularly en till the whole is finished, 
shewing the graceful deportinents of the Performers, in the 
different figures and circles of that celebrated dance j together 
with the instructions for understanding and keeping time 3 and 
directions for the elevation, movement, and graceful &11 of the 
arms in Dancing. To which are added, at the request of some 
Persons of Quality, some instructions concerning Country Dances. 
The whole Work is adorned with Thirty-seven Copper-plates ; con- 
sisting of Fifty-seven Figures, &c. TheCuts were originally designed 
not only for the better explanation and understanding of the Art of 
Dancing explained ; but likewise to be pix>per furniture for a room 
closet, being of themselves an intire and independent work; for^ 
if put in frames with glasses, they will not only shew the various 
' positions or postures at one view, but be very agreeable and instruc- 
tive furniture. Tlie Price of the Cuts, without the Printed Books, 
is Two Guineas) and those who are willing also to purchase the 
printed part may have it of the Author, at the Red and Gold Flower 
Pot, next door to the Widow £dwards*s Cofiee-house, over-against 
the BuU and Gate in Holborn, for half a guinea, pursuant to my 
printed Proposals, wherein I assured the PubUck, that the whole 
Work, except to Subscribers, should not be sold under Two Guineas 
and a Half, according to Act of Parliameut^ June ^Q, 1735. 

'' The 

Digitized by CjOOQ iC 


"The Mottoes of the Spectators, Tatlers, and 
Guardians, translated into English.'* 

" Columbarium ; or, the Pigeon-house ; being an 
Introduction to a Natural History of Tame Pigeons* 
By John Moore,** 8vo. 

In 1735 appeared a work of considerable conse- 
quence ♦ ; which it is proj^er to mention here, though 
not printed by Mr, Bowyer, for the particular in- 
terest which he took in promoting its success, both 
by his recommendation to the trade, and by the 
exertions of his j^en. The book alluded to, is a 
new edition of " Roberti Stephani Thesaurus Lin- 
guae Latinae, in Four Volumes, folio -f-; much augr 
mented and amended, by the Rev. £dmund Law :}:, 

* '* The old impressions of this great and valuable work, par- 
ticulaiiy that of Lyons 1573, being exceeding scarce, the pub- 
lick is faigbiy obliged to those learned gentlemen who have fur- 
ubhed us with a new edition, larger and more accurate than 
any of the preceding ones. We liave the more reason to gloiy 
in the success of tliis noble and magnificent undertaking, which 
does honour to our age and nation, as several attempts of this 
nature liave been heretofore made and unhappily miscarried ^ 
liarticularly by Charles and Heniy Stephens, by oiu* own cele- 
brated countrj-man Milton, by the Society of. Baliol college in 
Oxford, and by Dr. Kuster, the excellent Editor of Suidas and 
AristO{^ianes. This stately performance, after a very eloquent 
dedication to his present Majesty, is inti-odiiced by a large Epis- 
tolary Preface, iasciibed to the most ingenious Dr. John Hol- 
lings ; containing a distinct and exact account of the most con- 
siden[ble Latin Dictionaries which have appeared since the 
restoration of learning, together with some memoirs of the coni- 
inters of them. Oar readers will be pleaded to see them as they 
stand in succession, and observe their principal characters 5 and 
tJie rather, as this is a piece of literary histoiy, which has hither- 
to- Iain almost altogether uncultivated." Present /State of the 
MepubUck of Letters, for June 1735, vol. XV. p. 441. 

t The literary hislory of this work will be found in the " Essays 
and Illustrations*' of tliese Anecdotes, vol. V. N© VIII. 

X I readily omit an article which I had prepared respecting 
this excellent Prelate, to substitute in its stead the following 
account of him frcm the pen of ^r. Archdeacon Pal^^ which vrtjj^ 
first printed in Mr. HutchinsOn*s " Histoiy of Cumberland." 

'' Edmund Law, D. D. succeeded to the see of Carlisle in 176S. 
•^He was bom in the parish of Cartmel in Lancasliire, in the 
year 1703. Mis father, who was. a clergyman^ held a smaQ 
chapel in that neighbourhood) but the iamily had'been situated 
at Askham^ in the county of Westmorland. He wa3 fidueated for 

Vol. IL F «^^^^t^ 

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Fellow of Christ's College in Cambridge; Joha 

tome time at Cartmel school, afterwards at the free grammar- 
school at Kendal ; from which he went, very well instructed in 
the learning of grammar schools, to St. John's college in Cam- 
bridge. Soon &iter taking his fii'st degree, he was elected fellow 
of Christ's College in that Univci'sity. During his residence in 
which college, he hecame known to the public by a ti-anslation of 
Archbishop King's Essay upon the Origin of Evil, with copious 
notes J in which many metaphysical subjects, curious and interest- 
ing in their own nature, ai*e treated of with great ingenuity, learn- 
ing and novelty. To tliis Woik was prefixed, under the name of • 
ar Preliminary Dissertation, a very valuable piece, written by the 
Kev. Mr. Gay of Sidney college. Our Bishop always spoke of 
this gentleman in terms of the greatest respect. In the Bible> 
and in the writings of Mr. Jx)cke, no man, he used to say, wa» 
80 well versed. He also, while at Christ College, undertook and 
went through a very laborious part, in preparing for the press,, 
an edition of Stephens's Thesaurus. His acquaintance, during 
liis first residence at the University, wa3 principally with Dr. 
VVaterlaud, tlie learned master of Magdalen college ; Dr. Jortin,. 
a name known to every scholar ; and Dr. Taylcar, the editor of 
Demosthenes. In the ycai' 1737, he was presented by the Uni- 
versity to the living of Graystock, in the county of Cumberland,, 
a rectoiy of about 300/. a year. The advowson of this benefice^ 
belonged to Hie family of Howards of Gray stock, but devolved to 
the University for this turn, by virtue of an act of pai*liament> 
which ti*aiisfers to these two bodies the nomination to such be- 
nefices as appertain, at the time of the vacancy, to the patronage 
of a Roman Catholic. The right, however, of the University 
was contested j and it was not till after a law-suit of two years 
continuance, that Mr. Law was s^tled in his living. Soon after 
this, he married Mary , the daughter of John Christian, Esq. of 
Unerigg, in the county of Cumberland ; a lady, whose character 
is remembered \\ ith tondCn^ess and esteem by all who knew her. 
In 1743, he was promoted by Sir George Fleming, bishop of 
Carlisle, to the archdeacpniy of that diocese ; and in 1746, went 
from Gi-ay-itock to reside at Salkeld, a pleasant village upon the 
banks of the river Eden, the ixictory of which is annexed to the 
archdeaconiy. Mr. Law was not one of those who lose and fbr- 
get themselves in the country. During his residence at Salkeld, he 
published ** Considerations on the Theory of Religion:" to which 
were ^ubjoined^ '* Reflections on the life and Character of Christ ; 
^nd' an Appendix concerning the Use of the words Soul and 
Spirit in Holy Scripture, and the state of the dead there de- 
scribed.' Dr. Keene held at this time, with the bishoprick of 
Chester, the mastersliip of Peter-house in Cambridge. Desiring 
to leave tlie Univereily, he procured Dr. Law to be elected to 
succeed him in that station, lliis took place in the year 1754 ; 
in which y<?ar Dr. Law resigned his archdeaconry in fevour of 
Mr. Eyi-e, a. brother-in-law of Dr. Keene. Twof years before 

t He took his Doctor's Degree in 1749. See p. 69. 

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Taylor, M.A. Fellow of St. John's CoU^, and 

this, he had proceeded to his degree of Doctor in Divinity j in 
his public exercise for which, he defended the doctrine of what 
is usually called " the sleep of the soul.'* About the year 1760, 
he was appointed head librarian of the University ; a situation 
which, as it procived an easy and quick access to books, was 
peculiarly agreeable to his taste and habitt . Some time after 
this, he was ako appointed casuistical professor. In the year 
1762, he suffered an irreparable loss by the death of his wife ; 
a loss in itself every way ai!licting» and rendered more so by the 
situation of his family, which then consisted of eleven children, 
many of them very young. Some years afterwards he lecdved 
several prefeiments, which were rather honourable expressions 
of r^;ara from his friends, than of much advantage to his fortune. 
By Dr. Comwsdlis, tiien Bisltop of Litchfield, afterwards Arch- 
bishop of Canterbuiy, who had been his pupil at Christ's college, 
he was appointed to the archdeaconry of Staffordshire, and to a 
pi^bend in the church of Litchfield. By his old acquaintance. 
Dr. Green^ bishop of Lincoln, he was made a prebendary of that 
church. But in the year 1767* by the intervention of the Duke v 
of Newcastle, to whose interest, in the memorable contest for the 
high-stewardship of tlie University, he had adhered in opposition 
to some temptations, he obtained a stall in the church of Dur- 
ham. The year after this, the Duke of Grafton, who had a 
short time before been elected Chancellor of the University, re- 
commended the Master of Peter-howie to his Msgesty for the 
Lishoprick of Carlisle. This recommendation was made, not only 
without soficitation on his part or that of his Mends, but with- 
out his knowledge, until the Duke*s intention in his favour was 
signified to him by the Archbishop. In or about the year 1777, 
our Bishop gave to the publick a handsome edition, in three 
volumes quarto, of the Works of Mr. I^cke, with a life of the 
Author, and a Pre&ce. Mr. Locke's writings and character he 
held in the highest esteem, and seems to have diuwn from them 
many of his own principles : he was a disciple of that school 
About the same time he published a tract, which engaged some 
attention in the controversy concerning Subscription; and he 
published new editions of his two principal works, with consider- 
able additions, and some alterations. Besides the works already 
mentioned, he published in 1734, or 1735, a very ingenious 
" Inquiry into the Ideas of Space, TimQ, &c." in which he com-* 
bats the opinions of Dr. Clarke and his adherents on these sub- 
jects. Dr. Law held the sec of Cai'lisle almost nineteen years -, 
during which time he twice^ only^ omitted spendixig the summer 
months in his diocese at tlte Bishop's residence at Rose Castle; a 
situation with which he was much pleased, not only oil account 
of the natural beauty of the place^ but because it restored him to 
tbe country in which he had spent the best part of his life. In the 
year 1787> he paid this visit in a state of great weakness and ex^ 
lltostidn; and died at Rose^ about a mo^th after his arrival there, 

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Register of the Universitj^ ; - the Rer. Thomas 

on the 14th day of August, and in the 84th year of his age. The 
life of Dr. Law was a life of incessant i-eading and thought, al- 
most entu-cly directed to metaphysical and religious inquiries ^ 
but the tenet by which his name and writings are principally 
distinguished is, *' that Jesus Christ, at hia second coming, will, 
by an act of his power, restore to life and consciousness the dead 
of the human species ; who, by their own nature, and without 
this interposition, w ould remain in the state of insensibility, to 
which the death brought upon mankind by the sin of Adam had 
reduced them/* He intei-prcted literally that saying of St. Paul, 
1 Cor. XV. 21, "As by man came death, by man came also the 
resurrection of the dead.'* lliis opinion had no other effect 
upon his ow n mind than to increase his reverence for Christi- 
anity, and for its divine Founder. He retained it, as he did his 
othei* speculative opinions, without laying, as many are wont to 
do, an extravagant stress upon their importance, and without 
Iiretending to more certainty than the subject allowed of. N<> 
man foimed his own conclusions with more freedom, or treated 
those of others with greater candour and cquit>'. He never 
quarrelled with any person for difiering from him, or considci-ed 
that difference as a sufhcicnt reason for questjoning any man*s 
sincerity, or judging meanly of his understanding. He was zea- 
lously attached to religious liberty, becdiise he thought that it 
leads to truth j yet from his heart he loved i>eace. But he did 
not perceive any repugnancy in these two things, lliere was 
iu)thing in his elevation to his bishoprick which he spoke of with 
more jileasure, than its being a proof that decent freedom of 
inquii-y was not discouniged. He was a man of great softness of 
manners, and of the mildest and most tranquil disjxisition. His 
voice was never raised above its ordinary pitch. His comitenance 
seemed never to liave been ruffled ; it preser\'ed the same kind 
and comjxised aspect, ti*uly indicating tlie calmness and benignity 
of his temper. He had an utter dislike of laige and mixed com- 
panies. Next to his books, his chief satisfaction was in the se- 
rious conversation of a litciary companion, or in the company 
of a few friends. In this soi't of society he woidd open his mind 
with great unreserved ness, and with a peculiar turn and spright- 
liness of expression. His person was low, but well formed , his 
complexion fail* and delicate. Except occasional interruptions 
by the gout, he had for the greatest pait of his life enjoyed good 
health ; and when not confined by tliat distem])er, was full o£ 
motion and activity. About nine years before his death, he was 
greatly enfeebled by a severe attack of the gout in his stomach -, 
and a short time after that, lost the use of one of his legs. Not- 
withstanding his fondness for e\erci:>e, he resigned himself to this 
change, fK>t only without cx^mplaint, but without any sensible , 
diminution of his chearfulncss and good humour. His fault (for 
we are not wilting a panegvric) was the general fciult of retired 
and studious characters, too great a degroe of inaction and &- 


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1 735-1 tH£ EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. fig 

Johnson ♦, M, A, Fellow of Magdalen Cdilege ; 
and Sandys Hutchinson^ M, A. Library-keeper 

rility in his public station. Tlie modesty, or rather bashfulness 
of his nature, together with an extreme im\viltingnefls to give 
pain, rendered him sometimes less firm and etiicient in the ad- 
mtnistration of aiitliority than y^'BS requisite. But it is the con- 
dition of human mortality, lliere is an opposition between 
some i-iiixies which seldom perniits them to subsist together in 
perfection. The Bishop was interred with due solemnity in his 
cathedral church, in which a handsome monument is erected to 
his memory, bearing the following inscription : 

" Columnae hujus sftpultus est ad pedem 
Edmundus Law, S.T.P. 
per XIX ferfe annos hujusoe ecclesiee Episcopus. 
In e\'angelicA veritate exc^uirend^, 
et \indicand(k, 
ad extremiun usque senectutem 
operam navavit indefessam. 
j^o autnn studio et aifectu veritatem, - 
eodem et libertatem Christianam cohiit ; 
Religionem simplioem et inccHTuptam, 
nisi salv^l libertsUe, 
stare non ]M)sse arbitratus. 
ih>at. Lxxxiv." 
During the early part of Bp. I^w's residence in the Universi^, 
he enjoyed the friendship of the late cnunent Dr. Joi*tin > and for 
many years carried on a corres|X>ndence with Dr. Hartley, upon 
the subject of that Author's celebrated Woric. He preserved a 
long intimacy with Dr. Biackburne^ Archdeacon or Geveland, 
who died, at neai-ly the same age, only one weelc before him. 
With these excellent persons he was united as well in an anxious 
and diligent search after mural and evangelic titith, as in a cor- 
ral love of civil and religious liberty. 

From the MSS. of the Rev. John Jones of Welwyn, the follow- 
ing character has been furnished. *' Dr. Law, a gentleman of 
excellent parts, extensive learning, great integrity, and of a most 
sweet, benevolent, and Christian disposition ; very modest, free 
and open in conversation, devoid of ceremony 5 an honomr to his 
country, and to the Univerdty wherein he presides. His cha« 
racter is universally known, and approved by all ^vise and good 
men. I shall here minute down only a few particulars ; the rest 
tnajr be added afterwards. I heard him, with great pleasure, 
peHbrm his exercise for his Doctor's degree in the public schools 
at Cambridge, Jan« 1748^9. Dr. Pftme, the Moderator pro tem^ 

* M.A. of Magdalen college, Cambridge. He published, in 
1731, " Hhjp Insufficiency oi the Law of Nature, a Sermon oq 
J Cor. ill. 6/' 


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of Trinity College. Printed for Sanfluel Harding, 
bookseller, at the Bible and Anchor on tlie Pave- 

pore, WBs liis opponent, who (I believe) was foiled. The Mode- 
rator soon after grew mad, and died. One great Doctor (Head 
of a great College) refused to dgn hi3 testimonial 5 saying, " he 
did not like either his j^erson or his doctrine :" yet afterwards 
was reconciled, when Law became head of St. Peter's college^ 
and made him frequent visits, &c. Dr. Garnet (brother to the 
Bishop of Feme) diining, as I also did, with the former of these 
.two> told him he was going to pay a visit that afternoon, to 
Dr. Law. ' You do very well,* sfldd the entertainer ; ' I respect 
him, although I cannot approve of his opinions in some things, 
and opposed his degree. Dr. Garnet said, " Whatever his opi- 
nions hej this is very certain, and allowed by all, that he is a 
sweet-tempered man, an excellent scholar, and a true Christian.** 
The other assented. I waited on Law that evening, and told 
him what had passed. ' Yes,* said he, ' we begin now, though 
contrary to my expectation, and without my seeking, to be 
pretty thick ; and 1 thank God, who reconciles me to my adver* 
saries.* A certain great Author, who did not at all know him, 
nor his cha^^acter, said (veiy %ncharitably) that he must be a 
wicked man for proposing such an opinion. His wife an excel- 
lent woman ; a Christian in disposition as well as name. They 
have sustained, great afflictions with great resignation. Many 
children, and great charge. Their income not even yet answer- 
able. On Sundays, in the afternoon, he iastructed the young 
men of his College,* designed for orders, in the original laa- 
guage, sense, and design, of the New Testament, and of the 
Old in the Hebrew, &c. ; and has nothing moi-e at heart than 
teaching the Christian Religion in its native purity and simphcity^ 
of whioi he tvas a complete master. Abp. Potter, *h^ told me^ 
disliked his doctrine about inspiration, and reproved hiJEii. War- 
. burton told him, he disparage the Church, by which he'^got his 
bread. Abp. Herring, on hearing of his Thesis at Cambi^dge, 
said to him, ' I neither justify nor condemn you. If your doc- 
trine be right> 1 am no loser ; if wrong, I am but as I was : 1 
am in the hands of a just and merciful God, to whom I wholly 
commit myself. I believe his Gospels, and am pei^uaded you do 
60 as much as I, though we may have different sentiments aboat 
some particulars. We shall both of us, I hope, meet in Heaven.' 
When, in going his rounds to the Heads of Houses, presently 
after his keeping this act, he came to Dr. Castle (the worthy 
Master of Corpus Christi college), he said to him, in his blunt 
and honest manner, ' I know that this is reckoned a Socinian 
tenets but I believe you desen'e the degree^ and will readily sign 
your testimonial.' In his return from London and Cambridge, 
after this bout, he kindly called upon me at Alconbuiy, related 
to me many particulars, stayed a night, and would put me to no 
^pence. J. Jones/*, 

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ment, St. MartinVLane. N. B. To this edition is 
prefixed a large Preface, giving an Account of the 

In the lately-published Letters of Bishop Warburton Dr. Law 
is characterized as a man unhackneyed in the ways of the world. 
" Sept. 2^, 1751. Our ft*iend Browne is now on a visit (on 
invitation) at Mr. George Lyttclton s. It is about 250 miles 
from him, and he is accompanied by his friend, Dr. Law, as ^r 
as Litchfield ; who takes this opportunity to visit his friend, 
the Bishop of Litchfield and Coventry. Which will prove the 
better Patron, the Layman or the Archpriest, for an eyen 
wager ? And } ou shall ch(K)se your side* I think they mi^ht 
as well have gone to Hell (1 mean the Classical Hell) to consult 
Tiresias in the ways of thriving. God help them I for they are a 
couple of helpless creatures in the ways of tlds world ! and no- 
thini^ to bear their charges but a little honesty, which, like 
Don Quixote*6 Chivalry, will pass ciurent in never an Inn be- 
tween Carlisle and Tendon." — ^And again,, in April 1753,""'* Your 
reflections on poor Law please me for your own sake. They 
shew such a state of mind as puts youi* happine^ out Of Fortune's 
power; and would force me to love you for it, though you had 
no other claim to my ailection. But what are fifty years to a 
man whose studies Itave never been occupied upon man;, the . 
only study from whence true wisdom is to be got ? For, 
' Whether in Metaphy«es at a-loss. 
Or wandering in a wildei-ness of mo^s,* 
'tis pretty much the same, for all improvements in life. Hence^ 
in his speculations^ this poor man has been hurried from ex- 
treme to extreriie. One while persecuting Dr. Middleton, at an* 
other time writing Theses ten times more licentious and para- 
doxical than the Doctor's. — ^And now at fifty ! what a mMcrable 
thin^, to have his head turned about a'Mastership : of which, 
by the way, he is not half so fit as Sancho Pto^a was for his 

Bp.Xaw had a very numerous ikmily, and was singularly for- 
tunate in the different branches of it. Hi^ eldest son, Edmund, 
a very promising youth, went from the school to 
St. Peter's college^ Ceiznbridge ; where he died, in about a year 
after his admission. The next son, John, educated at the same 
school, on the fotmdatiun, was entered of Christ^s college, in 
(he same Unlveisity, where he waa a Tanered exhibitioner, and 
afterwards fellow. Having taken his degrees, and holy orders, 
he attended the Duke of rartlaad, lord lieutenant of Ireland, as 
one of his ehaplidns; where be was first promoted to the 
Irishoprick of Qcttfert, and thence translated to the see of £lphin ; 
which he now enjoys. Edward, the third son, went young to 
the Ea&t Indies, where be remained some years ; and having 
noade a handsome fbrtune, returned to Englsmd, and married a 
daughter of Archbishop "Markham. The fourth son, Edward, 
^ras likewise educated on the foundation of the Charter-house ; 
weBttoStPet)fr*scolkge,wherehel>ecame&lIow. Havinggreatly 


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several Latin Dictionaries and their Authors. jVlso 
a short Account of Robert Stephens's Irife, and a 
complete Catalogue of the Books he printed, by the 
"Author of the Lives of Stephens's, and of the chief 
Paris Printers *.•* 

The Proposals for this re-publication, which had 
been issued in 1732, provoked a discussion amongst 

distinguished himself in the Uni\*crsity, and. obtained many aca* 
deniical honoure, he removed to the Inner Temple, intending 
for the profession of the Law j and has risen by due gradations to 
the honours of King's Counsel, AttornjBy-general, the Knight- 
hood, and finally to that of Chief-justice pf England, the Peer- 
age by the title of Lord Ellenborough, and a rrivy-counsellor. 
It is worthy of notice, that his Lordship is the single instance 
since the establishment of the Charter-house, in 161 1, of any 
person's having risen^ from being a scholar on the foundation 
there, to the rank of a Governor thereof. The value of such a 
distinction cannot be better expressed tlian in the words of the 
late worthy and learned school-master Dr. Samuel Bcrdmore, in 
an anniversary oration spoken in the great hall there, by the 
senior scholar, Dec. 12, 1785. (See Lusus Poetici ex Ludo Li- 
terario apud Mdes Carthusianas, &c. &c. Londini 1791 » p. 147.) 

* A letter of business, from Dr. Taylor, on the subject of thi^ 
publication, may perhaps be worth prcseiving : 

" I have paid Dr. R[obinson] his demann against my judg- 
ment ; his demand was, that he paid for seven copies of Stephens, 
and received but six. I remember I was in a tj^aty with him, 
to be perfected through you, to deal with hiih for six copies of 
Stephens. Being at tliat time in town, and my copies at Cam- 
bridge, I would have had Harding advance the copies, or ratjier, 
upon reflection, the copies not being delivered to me, I drew 
upon him for six copies to be delivered to you, which he refused 5 
doubtless thdt he might have the selling of them himself; the 
reason given, beeause he presumed, as lie said, that j'ou were to 
receive them in part of payment for the printing of Ly^ias, and 
thei-efore could aftbrd to undersell them : so that I weU remem- 
ber I lost the sale of that set. All this ! perfectly remember j 
but then suppose tliat odd or seventh copy of mine sold and 
charged to Dr. Robinson, I was paid but once, thcuigh he may 
have paid twice. Nay, I could be but paid once if l)e had his ~ 
six sets from Harding, as i remember he had. How thb charge 
comes to be made upon me, I cannot <call to mind nor account 
for ; but he has used me ill in the maiiner of making his demand ; 
a demand I cannot satisfy myself of. Perhaps you may set this 
matter right by acquainting him \vith what you know of it. In 
his account, he made himself debtor to somebody unknovin for-, 
binding one set of Stephens. I think I heard you say, that in 
this negotiation you were out of pocket the binding a set. Pro« 
baUy this will help you to set it rights . J. Tatlok.** 


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1735.] THE EIGirrEENTil CENTURY. 73 

the Learned respecting the purity of some of the 
Latin phrases employed in it; which drew forth 
Mr. Bowyer as an advocate for his Cambridge 
friends ♦ ; who were also not a little gratified by the 
following elegant testimonial of approbation from 
so competent a judge as Mr. Maittaire: 

" Clarissimis Uob. Stephani Thesauri Editoribus, 

" Quis sim, sciri paulum interest ; non certfe 
niea, qui innotescere non percupio; minime om- 
nium, vestra, Viri clarissiipi, quibus notissirais 
quid ex usu fuerit ndsse ignobilem ? Q^id auten^ 
velim, breviter expediam. Non potui me continere, 
quin vobis, quas gratias nemo literatus non fatebitur 
se debere, ego quoque, particula quantulacunque 
literariae Reipubhcae perexigua, agei-em : et gratu- 
larer, quod opus illud grande^ consilio laudabiU 
susceptum, magna laboris pertinacia continuatum, 
ad exitum tandem omnium votis responsurum per- 
venerit. Ex quo Romanus senno desiit esse verna- 
cuius, iilius linguae cultores, qui puram*(lictionis 
el^antiam studuerunt (et pauci sKlmodum potuerunt, • 
et etiamnum possunt) assequi, coacti sunt cum 
mortuis versari, firequentemque cum Authorum 
veterum scriptis familiaritatem inire, et eorum imi- 
tationi paulatim assuescere. Cum autem id pensum 
requireret multum operae magndmque memoriae 
vim ; Dictionariorum usus introductus est, ut illam 
biiniieret, banc sublevaret Non long^ ab Artis 
Typographical ihitiis, primum Lexicon prodiit in 
lucem. Deinceps, literis incrementum capientibus, 
exorti sunt qui huic studionim generi excolendb 
manus feliciier admoverunt. Verum omnibus pal** 
mam praeripuit Kobertus St^hanus ; qui, postquain 
in perficiendo operis instituti, quod anno i5S9 pro* 
posuerat, tentaminje decennium exegisset, anno 1543 
ocbem litxiratum Thesauro suo donavit; in quern 

* £eeMr. iJo^ycr's '* NBapellaneouB Tracts," 4to. pp.65— 128. 


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Latinae linguae ojies undecunqiie conquisitas recon- 
didit ; novoque ordinis artificio tam commode dis- 
posuit, ut, cum nihil utilius posset excogitari, multi 
postea in Lexicis contexendis eandem rationem ser- 
. vare voluerint. Actum agerem, si Roberti Stephani 
laudes post Thuanum prosequerer. Annis deinde 
haud paucis elapsis, Thesaurum illius recudere et 
locupletare aggressi sunt Lugdunenses; quos sua 
lucri spes minimi fefellit. Eortim editioni defuit 
neque laus neque pretium- SI cui tamen libeat et 
vacet illam subacto judicio propius examinare, erit 
nonnunquam, ubi in mentem veniat proverbium. 
Thesaurus Carbones. Id vos non fugit, Viri doc- 
tissimi. Quum enim in animo haberetis Roberti 
Stephani Thesaurum luci redonare, et (ne quid in 
pe tanti momenti desideraretur) necesse esset evol- 
vere, quid alii praestiterint, praesertim Lugdunenses i 
tot in horum editione animadvertistis menda, ut in 
lis corrigendis poni oporteret operam, fer^ qualem 
Hercules in stabulo Augia repurgando insuinpserat. 
Post editionem k Rob. Stephano finitam, nihil pro- 
diit ad usus literarios magis necessarium ; nihil 
magis operosum attentiore diligentia, nihil grandius 
elegantiore cultu, elaboratum est. Ille nunc The- 
saurus preciosissimus novam s^que dignam induit 
formam ; et illius Author (si ad superos daretur de- 
functis reditus) optaverit reviviscere ; ut suum opus 
tanto cum honore, cum tanta bonae frugis accessione, 
redivivum contemplandi voluptate frueretur, Va- 
lete, 1735, 5 id. Aprilis." 

To advert to a subject of somewhat more levity. 
It happening to fell to the turn of Mr. Bowyer 
and Mr. Edward Cave to invite their brethren of 
the typographic profession to a social feast, the 
facetious person to whom the office of summoning 
them was delegated addressed them thus : 

" S«, Saturdaj/y Jan, 17, 1735. .. 

You are desir'd on Monday next to meet 
'At Salutation Tavern, Newgate -street. 


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Supper will be on table just at eight 
Stewards, One of St. JohrC$% t'other of Su John's Galef.^ 

lliis summons produced the following extempore 
a^wer, which I the rather transcribe, as the late 
Mr. Samuel Richardson's | poetical productions are 
not very numerous : 

*'^in. 17, 1735, 

To Steward Si. John, Steward St John's Gate, 
Who meet to sup on Monday night at eight 

Dear sons of Phoebus, darlings of the Nine ! ^ 

Henceforth, through you, how \nll the Printers shine, > 
Who ne'er without the Muse shall meet to sup or dine! j 
Blessings, say I, attend your rhyming pen. 
No King John's sure e'er equalled Saint John's men!- 

But, tell me, Friends, nor blush, nor be afraid 
To own the truth — ^haa you no third man's aid ? 
Speak out like men-^to make the verse run sweeter, 
Did not some mild-beer Bellman tag the metre i 
If so, I pray, invite the honest fellow. 
Let hxm paruike the praise, and make him mellow. 
Perpetual Stewards mtj you voted be ; 
No less such verse deserves — ^perpetual Poet he ! 

For me, I'm much concem'd I cannot meet 
* At Salutation Tavern, Newgate-street' 
Your notice, like yoiir verse (so sweet and short !) 
If longer, I M sincerely thank'd you for 't 
Howe'er, receive my wishes, sons of verse ! 
May every man who meets your praise rehearse ; 
May mirth, as plenty, crown your chearful boards 
And every one part — happy as a Lord ! 

* Mr. Bowyer. t Mr. Cave. 

X On these verses (printed in Gent. Mag. vol. VL p. 51) 
Mr. Cave thus remailts : " ConGeming this gentleman^ the com- 
pany observed^ that though the publick is often agreeably enter- 
ijbi]*^ with his elegant disquisitions in prose, not one imagined 
^Et^liis extensive butdnete would allow him the least leisure 
to inmuNbe Muses > without whose aid> the JoknianB insisted, 
lie could not have returned so poetical and so speedy an answer : 
"'' Their *6dlman, hence, shaB emulation fire, ' 
To raise, with gateful thanks> the metre higher. 
To him, whose ^Mus makes one Printer shine, 
Rkh^Son of Phoebus, darling of the Nine/* 


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That when at home (by such sweet verses fir'd) 

Your families may think you all inspirM ! 

So wishes he, who, -pre-engag'd, can't know 
The pleasures that would from your meeting ffow. 

S. R. 

The correspondence was thus continued : 
" To Mr. Richardson. 

Monday^ Jem, 19, 1735. 

Think not my Pegasus is jaded^ 
Or laurels are by winter faded. 
They a perpetual verdure share, 
And mock th' inclemencies of air. 
Blest be the bounties of the Nine ; 
I 've stores of verse, a Magazine. 
* A monthly course t these labours run 
Attendant on their Parent Sun, 
So regular, that rigid Time 
May take his measures ev'n from mine. 

First then, we thank you much in few words 
For compliments to us your Stewards, 
For that great post how much unfit ! . 
One tastes no wme J — and one no witf 
How in both characters you'd shine. 
At once the God of Wit and Wine ! 

From you we '11 not admit excuses, 
Though offer'd by our sister Muses. 
Lame as I am with gout, I 'II meet. 
Though brought upon poetic feet ; 
For oft I mount the Muses' steed 
And wing away with postboy speed 
To distant Berwick upon Tweed. 
Now, to supply you (no reproach). 
Say but the word, I '11 seod the coach ', 


* Other MSS. read thus : 

'* A coDfitaiit eourse these labours run, 

AtteBdftitt on their PRTcat Moon^ 

As mgtiktf as ciarner's horse 

Their bur<^M» bear with Hweic worse." W. B. 

t The GentleoMB^ Magatuie. 

X Mr. Cft»e» beii^ semretf aAioled with the gfmU found it 
prudent to live voiy afbdlemioiuly. 

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I '11 order John to put-to uEthoii — 

I run With distichs — toother's Phlegon ; 

For so in gratitude ^each horse 

Is nam'dy procured by God of Verse. 

Thus shall you ride in dignity. 

Beyond yourself— and woithy me ! 

While City crovvds shall wondering stare ye at^ 

And raise the envy of the Laureat. 

I Ul place two seats, whenever you come. 
This for your arms — and tliat your bum ; 
Or you shall take the elbow chair, 
And be for once the Peerless Peer. 

Bring, if you will, my brother Johnian *,- 
An honest merry simpletonian ; 
With student's face, but shallow pate, 
Ah ! what 's the College to the Gate\\ 
But for the little roan, V 11 tliis say. 
He 's sometliing siill for being an Kssay. 

Verse can, they say, bring down the Moong^ 
Exalted in her midnight noou. 
Oh ! could it gain your rosy £ace, ^ 

How the full orb the board would grace, f- 

When fiush'd with vrine, and plump with praise ! j 
Diminish'd stars shall hide their head, 
Twinkle awhile, then 'drop to bed. 
While you shine forth serenely brighl^ 'j 

Restore the day in midst of night, > 

And make us scorn e'en Phoebus light. J 

Tliou jovial Bard, might I transfuse 
The wit of thy harmonious Muse 
Into my comprehensive paper, 
I 'd add your titles — ^to my wrapper. 
For you, t think, print Journals Daily, 
By names unknown to Nathan Bailey l* 
I long to mix poetic rage, 
Companions like, add page to page. 
While from your springs vour streams shall run 
Through my canals to Helicon, 
How in its course will wit refine, 
Rais'd to Celestial from Sublime ! 

« Mr. Bowyer. f m. Oive*s abode. 

X Mr. RicbardsooL printed^ at that time, a iXiily Joumai : and 
m N. BaOev's Dictkmry Courant is gravely explained to moAp j 
" the Title of a Newspaper." 

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78 ' UTERARV ANECDOTES or [l7;j5- 

I'll say no more; the Muse invitea 
To sacred Friendship's social rites. 
Then come along, pretensions ware; 
Your humble sen-ant, Edward Cave- 

P. S. These lines, my friend, had sooner come, 
But we were both engaged at home ; 
He in Parltament Addresses, 
I in indulging ^[xnise-caresses. 
For Saturday at nig^t, you know. 
Though kings should want— .wives liave their diie. 

To Mr. Richardson : 

Feb. 2, 173*. 
I hope you *11 think it not a scoff is. 

That, 'though I now am out of office. 

Yet second thus my landlord's letter, 
. And sununon you again in metre, 

To meet upon th' accustomed plain, 

Bestrow'd with shields and heaps of slain ; 

There the little man* shall work ye. 

Or spend his wiser rage on turkey ; 

His doughty arm shall sheath within 

Its more than equal length of chine.. 

There ducks perhaps, a juicy, food. 

May sate his noble thirst for blood. 

Of which, digested into gra\y. 

May n't you partake for all Delanyt? 

Soft sfpple-pye at least, or tanzy. 

May knoUify the cruel frenzy. 

But I had somewhat more to tell you 

Besides liie mere concerns of belly ; 

There are to whom our hannless letter 

Appears than libel little better ; 

who see throughout some deep design, 

And Cave is read in every. line. 

To these I've drawn this formal answer. 
If proper, judge ;-^and so read on, sir. 

♦ Mr. Bowyer. 

, \ The celebrated Dean of Downe^ who had published in 1734 
•• The Doctrine of Abstinence from Blood defended, &c. ?" a 
tisct which, drew much irony on its very ingenious author. 


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This night we 've try'd to please by secret ways, \ 
Have bravely borne the birch to gain the bays ; > 
8uch is, it seems, the modem lust of praise ! j 
Conceal'd for once ourselves we satirize, "J 

As some put on a masquerade disguise, > 

Themselves to cuctold, and debauch their wives. } 
But now by what new arts will you commend ? 
Say, will you damn the poett— or the friend ? 
Or, if his picture 's with true judgment hit, "^ 

You '11 all, I hope, to the young Hogarth sit, > 
Nor fear the midnight vigils of his wit. } 

Impassive sages, free from love or hatred. 
Hold ridicule the test of all that's sacred. 
So gold by mercury 's refin'd, the ore 
With even face contemns the subtle power. 

Our verse we've thus explain'd, to shun offence; 
No second-sight can now find double sense, 
See tilting armies in the fields of air. 
The angry prelude of a liquid war. 
If such there are (indulge the gloomy vapour) 
1 fill my glass — " To the well-stainiug paper." 
So the fell lion with severe delight, 
Lashing his sides, provokes th' approaching fight« 
But hold, you cry, this ne'er can suit ^ 

Your dapper size — e'en drop a foot. 
Well then, proceed vve from the guest 
To th' humble waiters on your feast. 
Lo Puss, perhaps, when we are gone, 
May act the part that I have done. 
She may with furious leaps assail 
In airy rounds her sportive tail. 
In silent holes the mice survey. 
With trembling hearts, the monster's play, 
Her spotted sides, her grinning jaws. 
Her arch of back, extent of paws, 
By Nature taught this lesson sage, 
If such her spirit, how keen her rage 1" 


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Among the other books printed by Mr. Bowyer 
ia this year were, 

" The Charge of the Lord Bishop of Norwich 
|T)r. Robert Butts *] to the Clergy in his Diocese 
in the Year 1735; and printed at the unanimous 
Request of the Clergy who heard it.'* 

* Robert Butts, a descendant of Sir ^A'iUiam Butts, physician 
in ordinaiy to Henry VIII. by a younger branch of tlie family 
seated at Thornage in Norfolk^ was son of Williaip Butts^ rector 
of Heitcst in Suflblk. He received the fii-st part of his education 
at Bury-school in that county ; and from thence was admitted 
a student of Trinity college, Cambridge. After he had taken his 
degrees, he became one of the preacliers of Bury ; and was pre- 
sented in 1717> by the Earl of Bristol, to his own parish-church 
of Ickworth in Sufiblk. In 17 28 he was made one of the chap- 
lains in ordinary to King GcoTf^e II. who promoted him (then 
D.D.) to the dcanry of Norwich, in which he was installed 
April 10, 1731 ; and in the beginning of 1733 advanced him to 
the bishoprick of Norwich, to which he was consecrated Feb. 25. 
In 1734 he lost his first wife by a consumption ; and thus em- 
balmed her memory on a grey stone under the communion table^ 
in the chapel belonging to the Bishqp*s palace in Norwich;: 
** Infi^ conduntur cxuvite 


tabe incluclabili dilapsae 

Uxoris, non uno nomine charissimae, 

RoBti Butts, Episcopi Norvic', 

quae moiteux obiit xxii die Aug*, 

A.D. Moccxxxiv. setat. sua; xliv. 

Qualis erat, licctor, non nostrum est perfeire : 

EuGE venturi Judicis Autor erit fidi^simus. 

O chanim caput ! 

quando illucescet prsclarus iUe dies > 

Me> ita spero, in sternum tibi redditiuiis 

qu\mi Virtutes, quas curae fiiit tibi 

clam praestare, 
paQon &det remufierare Dominus.** 
In 1735 his Lordship married, secondly. Miss Reynolds ; and 
on the death of Bp. Greene, in 1738, he was translated to Kly^ 
in which see he was confirmed Bishop June 37, and inthroned 
by proxy July 4 following ; where having sat Bishop 9 years and 
6 months, he died at Ely-house, Holborn, Jan. 96, 1747-8 ; 
and was buried in the cathedral church at ELy, in a vault on the 
North side of the Presbytery, near the East end ; where a very 
handsome monument was soon after erected to his memory, 
with his bust thereon, and the following inscription : 

'*^ Intra 

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^^ The Hardships of the English Laws in relation 
to Wives; with an Explanation of the OriginalCurse 
of Subjection passed upon the Woman ; in an hum^- 
ble Address to the L^slature,'' 8vo. 

*^ An Enquiry into the Evidence of Archbishop 
Cranmer's Recantation; or. Reasons for a Suspicion 
that the pretended Copy of it is not genuine. By 
William Whiston, M. A." 

" The Duty and proper Conduct of the Clergy 
under the Treatment of their Enemies ; a Sermon 
preached at the Visitation at Towcester, July 2, 
173^, held by the Bishop of Peterborough. By 
Richard Grey ♦, D. D.** 8vo ; two editions. 

A third edition of Dr. Richard Grey's " Memoria 
Technica,** 8vo. 

" Sermons on several Occasions. By Benjamin 
Newton^, M. A. Vicar of Lantwit, Glamorganshire, 
^vols.** 8vo, 

** Intra hos sacros parietes, piu cineribus dicatds^ Rev. adino« 
dbm in Chnsto Pater ac Dominus Dominus Robertus Butts> 
Eliensis Episcopus^ situs est ^ mori^ ne£as esset iUum posse dix- 
eiim, cujus Doctriiia, Pietas> ac Candor^ vivere jubent mortuum. 
Neque ei dbfuit animi fervor Theologo dignus, zelo D. Petri 
siinilis, et sanct^, quoad licuit^ ffiipuLus ; quoties seu Ecclesise 
periclitantis hostes, seu ReipubL ponduelles sint debellandi. IS 
Ptincipibus probis, doctis> ac sapientibus placiiisse, in minima 
kiude ponendum non est, hoc pnesertim nomine hie venerandua 
Antistes, idem et multiun amandus Aulicus celebraretur; quippe 
wirnmiB sapientise, mirae comitatis opinione fretus et delectatus> 
cekissimus GeorgivsII. Rex Angliie ilium k Sacris cooptan« 
dum ma»wni^> voluisset \ deinde Eccles. Norvic. ex Decano, pos- 
tea ejuadcm Eccies. Norvic. InfuUl omandum juberet ; denu5 
iifldem r^pos ttuspiciis, tot& plaudente Au]lk> ad Episcopatum 
Eliensem meritb evectus erat. Tenui vico, at honesto genere 
Suffi[dcienfti> natus ad omne bonum Jan. \0, 1685 ; defunctus ad 
supremum Jan. 26, 1747.*' Bentham's History of Ely, p. Sll. 

Bp, Butts publidied '' A Sennon preached at the Cathedral of 
Norwich in 1719, on the Anniversary of the Accession of King 
George I. -," luad another, before the House of Lords, in 1737, 
on that oif Kiiig^>^Geoige II. He also published, in 1740, a 
to his Qelgy at the Primary Visitation of the Diocese 

* Of whom, see vol. I. p. 425. 

t Mr. Newton published a dOthof Januaxy Sermon, 1715. 

Vol. II. G *^ Concilia 

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^^ Concilia Magnae Britanniae et Hiberniai, k 
Sjmodo Verolamienst A. D. ccccxlvi, ad Londi- 
nensem A. D. cit>i.7ccxvii ; accedunt Comtitu- 
tiones et alia ad Histofiam Ecclenae Anglicanse 
spectantia, i Davidc Wilfcins ♦, S.T. P. Archidia- 
eono Suflfolciensi, et Cononico Cantuarknsi^ col- 
Jecta.** four Tolumes, foKo. 

" Baronia AngUca ; an Hifttoiy of Land-honors 
and Baroniefi^y and of Tenure in cofite ; verified 
by 'Records. B^ Thomas Madox^, Esq. late his 
Majesty's Historiographer/ folio (which was begun 
March 25, 1730). 

" Psalmonim Liber, in Versiculos metric^ divisus, 
et cam afiis Cntices subsidiis, turn prsecipu^ Me- 
trices Ope, multis in Locis Integritati suae resAitutua. 
Cum ISssertatione de anti<{ii& Hebraeorom Poesi^ 
aliisque Quaesitis« ad Psalmorum Librum pertmen- 
Jtibus. Ad Finem Operiis adjecta sunt Po^seos 
Hebraicae Specimina, ex iis quae ediderunt, Fran- 
ciscus Croniarus, Marcus Meibonrius, et Johannes 
Clericus. Edidit Franciscus Hare, S.T.P- Epis- 
copus Cicestrensis. London : Printed by W. Bow- 
yer, for S. Buckley, and T. Longmaii, 1736- In 
two Volumes;}:," 8vo; contaifning 403 and 449 
pages ; besides the Preface and Preliminary Dis-r 

* Of whom see vol. I. pp.a34» 480. 

t Of whom $ee vol. I. pp. e4d— ^246, S4€. 

X ** This work deserves fhe pceoliar vpprdbMdn of the^ 
Learned^ as it is an attempt to add to their treasure a aew ac*^ 
^uisitioD, in which they have not aafy been hitherto deficieitt, 
hut which, though very desirable^ they hate long since given xxf 
the very hope of. The noblest diseoveries have been accidental, 
and have risen from ineideBts which promised 00 such eonse* 
quences ; and this of oar learned Author is owing to an acci- 
dental discourse conceming the word SeM, and Meihomkaa's 
interpvetation of it. It was what occurred in that convetMitKMi 
which set hira on investigating the genin» and ruks of die He* 
blew poesy $ things that have been buried in oblivioa aho«<e two 
thousand years^ and their resurrection altogether despaired of.—* 
The specimens of Hebrew poetry at the end are selected ftom 
three celebrated writ«vs. I^ey are anani^pua of the jECist flstfai, 
by Fr. Goxoar; the muiid and xc\th psalms^ by Meibomius > and 


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^< Antiqtiae Inscriptionei Du^; Grteca altera^ 
altera Latina; cum brevi Notarum et Conjecture 
arum SpedmiQe,** by Mr. Maittaire; folio. 

^'The Alliance between Church and State; or^ 
the Necessity and Equity of an Established Reli-* 
gion, and a Test tkw demonstrated^ from the 
Essence and End of Civil Society^ upon the fun<- 
damental Principles of the Law of Nature and Na- 
tions*,'' 8vo, 

" Doctrine of Antiquity concemii^ the Eucharist 

" The Prude's Pargatory," « The Unequal 
Match," " Patriotick I^ve," and two editicMia of 
^' Donna Clara,*" all single Poems> by Hildebrand 
Jacob, Esq. 

A new edition of the celebrated Poem^ by James 
Sannassarius, " De Partu Virginis Libri tres^;** 
which has been allowed by Julius Scaliger^ Erasmui^ 
and others, to have in it all those qualities that go 
to the forming of a finished piece ; all that inven*- 
tion, judgment, el^^nce, and fine turn of senti«- 
ment, which is so much admired in the great 
masters of antiquity* 

die xxxiid of Dmiteronomy^ by M. Le Clerc. The Bishop sheivs 
thef are all mistaken in what they intended, and points out the 
grounds of their erroi's. He has reduced the xxxiid of tteut. to 
the true Hebrew measure, and given it us, on opposite columnd^ 
dong with that of M. LeCferc." RepMick qf Letters, yoL XVIL 
pp. \€0, 167. [See before, p. 270 

* This volume, which was published anonymously, was the 
first introduction of Mr. Bowyer to Mr. Warburton; its very 
Jearoed author. It was pronounced, in ** The present State of 
the Republick of Letters," vol XVII. p. 471, to be " the work of 
a gentleman, whose capacity, judgment, and leammg, desen*^ 
some eminent dignity in the Church, of Which,'* says the writer 
of the critique, " he is now an inferior Minister." 

f Sannazarius is said to have spent about 20 years in perfect- 
ing this Poem. There are two Itellan pieces oi his, ** Arcadia** 
aad "Rime^** the former, a composition in prose and verse; 
the latter, a poem. They have been often printed. Of this 
leanied writer it mav be sufficient to say, that he was descend 
firain an antient and noble femily, that he was bOm at Naples, 
Utf 2», 145Sj and died there in 1530. 

G 2 A hew 

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- A new edition of Mr. Charles Leslie's " Short and 
easy Method with the Jews */' 

" Les Amusements de Spa ; or, the Gallantries 
of the Spa in Germany ; consisting of an Account 
of the Nature and Use of the several Waters, and 
the Diversions of the Place ; intermixed with many 
entertaining Histories of the principal Persons re- 
sorting to the Spa. Translated from the French, 
byHansDeVeilf, M.A." 

" The Doctrinal Use of the Christian Sacrament 
considered, in a Charge delivered to the Middlesex 
Clergy, May 12, 1736. By Dr. Waterland." Two 

^* A Letter to the Hon. Society of Lincoln's Inn ; 
containing a Defence of the Doxology to be used at 
the Reading of the Holy Gospels." 

" Dissertationes et Conjecturae in Libtum Jobi ^ ; 
Tabulis Geographicis et Figuris seneis illustratie.'l 
AuctoreSamuele Wesley §, Rectore de Epworth, in 
DicBcesi Lincoln. In quibus, Textus Hebraeus con- 
fertur precipu^ cum LXX, etiamque cum Para- 
phrasi ChaldaicA, et Versionibus plurimis tam Grae- 
cis qu^m Latinis, et Vernaculis nostris J. Quae- 
ritur inter alia, an Historia sit vera, necne? quo 
Auctore, Tempore, Fine, Liber scriptus sit? quo 
seculo res gestae ? &c. &c. Londini, Typis Gulielmi 
Bowyer in White Fryars : Prostant venales apud 
C. Rivington, et S. Birt, Londinenses: R. Clements, 
et M. Fletcher, Oxonienses ; C. Crownfield, et W. 

* First printed in 16S9. 

f Of Euianiiel college, Cambridge, B. A. 1724. He was the 
sou of the ^Eunous Sir Thomas De Veil ; and hiw been noticed iis 
autlior of an epigram in vol. I. p. 2^5. 

J Mr. Wesley collated all the copies he could meet with of the 
.original, and the Greek and other versions and editions -, and 
•after hje labours and his libmiy had been burnt with his hou^e 
.(which it seems had suffered the like fate once befoixs, about the 
year ITOT) he resumed the task in the decline of life, oppressed 
^with gout and palsy through long habit of study. Among other 
^issistances, he particidjuiy acknowledges that of his three sons, 
*and his friend Maurice Johnson. 

h Of whom see the " E&says and Illustrations'' in vol. V. No IX. 


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Thurlboum, Cantabrigienses ; Bibliopolas; l/S^.** 
This is a very handsome folio volume, printed 
with a beautiful type, and supported by a respec- 
table list of subscribers ; and appears to have been 
the most laboured of its Author's numerous WorVr 

At the same j)eriod was printed, at anc*'":* 
press, " Poems on several Occasions." By I . -r '. 
Wesley the Your^r, A.M. Master of BI i.d ' s 
School at Tiverton, Devon; sometime Student vf 
Christ-church, Oxford ; and near Twenty Years 
Usher in Westminster-school," 4to. Printed for 
the Author by E. Say in Warwick-lane;, and sold by 
S. Birt, at the Bible in Ave-Mary-lane. 

" N. B. The Subscribers* Books vrill be deli- 
vered by the Printer of each ; and may be had at 
the Rev. Mr. Fitzgerald's, in Smith-street, West- 

Two editions of *^ A Vindication of the Right 
Rev. the Lord Bishop of Winchester [Dr. Benjamin 
Hoadly]^ against the malicious Aspersions of those 
who uncharitably ascribe the Book intituled, 'A 
plain Account of the Nature and End <rf the Sacra- 
ment of the Lord's Supper,* to his Lordship. By 
the Author of * Proposals for the Revival of Chris- 
tianity */ 

* Prho is this that darkeneth Counsel hy Words 
mthout Knowledge P Job, xxxviii. 2. 

^ Indignum ! scelerato profiiit ArA. 

Quo teneam vultus mutantem Protea nodo ?' 


* '' Dublin printed, London reprinted for T. Cooper, at the 
Globe in Patemoster-row; where may be had, just published. 
I. Some Proposals for the Revival of Christianity; price 6d. 
H. A Letter to a Lord, in Answer to his late Book, intituled, 
' A plain Account of the Nature and End of the Sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper J* price 6d/' Weekly Mkcellany, May ^9, 1736. 
The " Proposals for the Revival of Christianity'* were re-printed 
in Gent. Mag. vol. VI. p. 8^ 5 where they are said to be " by an 
^nunent Hand in Dublin" (meaning Dean Swift). But in the 
same volume, p. 669> an apology is made for tluit supposition, 
** which had been taken from the then common report, and pos- 
iibly might strengthen it But we are since credibly informed 

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« The Harveian Oration, by Dr. Edward WiK 
«ot *.^ 

" Rudiments of Latin Grammar explained/' printed 
for Mr. Betts. 

A new edition, beautiMIy printed, of Dean Moss's 
^^ Sermons,** 4 vols. 8vo. 

^* A complete History of Drugs, from tlie French 
of M. Poraet," 

Latham's ^^ View of Difficulties and Discourage- 
ments,** &C; 

Dr. Richard Grey*s *^ Miserable State of Religion 
in England.** 

that the eminent Dioine is not the Author a£ eitlier of these 
P^unphlets. The reflectioos cast on bun therefore from any thing 
they advance, are not justly founded." — There was something 
mysterious in these publications. They were printed for Mr, C 
Daois, but published in the name of T. Cooper, 

* This gentleman, ^e second son of Robert Wilmot, of Chad- 
desden> co. Derby, esq. was bom Oct. ^9, 1693 j and received his 
education at Cambridge, wliere he became M. D. He married 
Sarah, the eldest daughter of Dr. Mead; and was made physician 
to Queen Caroline, and to Frederick Prince of Wales. After the 
Queen's dei^th^ he was a|^inted one of the King's physicians 5 
in May 1740, physician-general to his Majesty's forces; and was 
ereated a baronet Feb. 17, 1759. Retiring from business on the 
accession of his present Majesty, he resided some years at Not* 
tingham ; where his house was much resorted to by multitudes 
of the poor of that p]ac^ as well as fi-om bb native county of 
Derby, to whom he gave advice gratis ; so that his quitting that 
town was greatly regretted. At the age of 77, however, find* 
ing the climate rather too cold for his years and constitution, he 
went, as he said, to spend the remainder of his days witli his 
daughter-in-law, Mrs. Williams, at Heningstonc near Dorches- 
ter; and continued to correspond with his wortliy relation, John 
Wiknot, esq. son of the Lord Chief Justice, with all the vigour 
and sprightUness of youth, till within u few months of his death, 
which happened Nov. SS, 17B6, when he had more than com* 
nkted his 93d year .--Sir Edwaitl left an only &on, Sir Robert- 
Mead Wilmot, bart. ; who manied Mary sole heh\ is of Williaoi 
Wollet, esq. by Mary his wife, daughter and cohf ir of William 
KobertB, of Harbkdoi^n, Kent, esq. by wh<»n he had two soua 
and three daughters; Maxy; Robert (wlio succeeded to ihe title) 
.bom July 6, 1765 ; Edward-Siicheverell, Harriet-Sidne}% and 
Charlotte-Sarah. Sir Robert-Mead Wilmot died, in a fit of apo« 
plexy, at his teat at Chaddesden, aged 63, Sept. 9, 17dS ; three 
days only after he bad been a very i^ve steward of the Derby 
musiGal festivaL 

*^ Reasons 

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173^0 ''^^ nCHTCCKTH CBHTU&Y. 8? 

^^ Reuoni for excepting Cambridge out of the 
Bill for alienating Lands ;** printed by order of the 

^' Eboracum; or, die History and Antiquities of 
the City of York, from its Original to the present 
Time ; together with the History of the Cathedral 
Church, and the Lives of tiie Archbishops of that 
See, &c. illustrated with CXVI Copper^plates^ drawn 
and engraved by the best Masters*. By Francis 
Drakef, ^f the City of York, Gent F. R. S. and 
Member of the Society of Antiquaries in London,** 
folio. Printed for the Subscribm. 

By die recommendation of Mr. Drake, in May 
1736, Mr. Bowyer was appointed Printer to the 
Society <tf Antiquaries ; and b^an his work for 
them by a single sheet, in folio, under thc^ title 
of ^^ Collectanea Antiquitatum ;** and by another, 

* *' Mr. Drake of York gives notice that his History and Anti- 
quitiefl of t^t antient City> and its Cathedral Churchy being now 
in the Preas^ aad the many Copper-pktes neoeasary to the Work 
being under the hands <^ the best Masten in that Aft, such ap 
are willing to subscribe to it, or have not yet paid in their Sub* 
•criptions, are desired to do it forthwith ; otherwise they wiQ be 
excluded the Beneit of the Subscription. Proposals, with a 
lull Account of the Work, may be had of, and Siibscrq>tioii8 
are taken in by, Messrs. Gyles and Wilkinson in Holbom; Mr. 
Gosling in Fleet-street, Mr. Strahan in ComhiU, London ; Mrs« 
Retchcr and Mr. Clements in Oxford ; Mr. Tburlbourn, Cam« 
bridge; Mr. Maacklin and Mr. HiMyard in York, and by Mr. 
Swaie in Leeds, Book^eUers;* Gent. Mag. tqI. V. p. ^80. 
- 1 Francis Drake^ F. R. and A. S. was a surgeon at York, an 
eminent Antiquary, and much esteemed by Dr. Meiid, Mr. Folkes^ 
the two Mr. Gaks, and all the principal members of the Royal 
and Antiqaaiian Societtei. A mezsotinto print of him, by Va«> 
lentine Greene, was published m 1771 1 from a picture by 
N. Drake, with this inscription : '* Franc. Drake, Anniger» 
EboFBcensIs^ Rec. Soc. necnon Antiqu. Socius.*' A copy of his 
" }&tory of York,*' with laxgs MS additions by the author, wa3 
in the hands of hk son, the late Rer. WiiUam Drake, F. A. S. 
sometime master of the firee-school at Feisted in Essex, and 
afterwards vicar of Isleworth, Middlesex, who disCingaished 
himself by several curious articles in the i^hseologia, IV. 143, 
V. 137, 379, and would have re-published his Other's book if the 
plates ooidd have been recovered, and even had thoughts of get-* 
ting them engraved anew -, but died without accomplishing this 
very desirable project. I have the copper-plates of the Monu* 
meats at Canterbury and York. 

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called ^^ A Table of English Gold Coins from the 
Eighteenth Ydar of King Edward IIL when Gold 
was first coined in England, with their several 
Weights, and present intrinsic Value, by Martin . 
Folkes, Esquire." 

Mr. Bowyer was elected into that respectable body- 
on the 7th of July following; and soon shewed him- 
self to be a very useful member. It appears from 
the Minute-books that he regularly attended their 
meetings * ; and frequently entertamed, them with 
v$iluable communications. 

Of the respectable Revivers of the Society in 1 7 1 7, 
a general account is given in the Introduction to 
the first volume of their Arch^eologia. Of those 
original Members there remained only the follow^ 
ing persons at the time of Mr. Bowyer's admission ; 
Mr. Alexander^ Mr. Becked, a gentleman of emi* 
nence in his profession as a surgeon ; the two learned 
brothers, Roger and Samuel Gale ; Mr. George 
Holmes, deputy keeper of the Records in the Tower; 
Mr. Maurice Johnson of Spalding ; Dr. Knight ; 
Mr. William Nicholas, store-keeper in the office of 
ordnance ; Dr. Rawlinson ; Mr. Robert Sanderson ; 
Dr. Stukeley; Mr. George Vertue ; and Mr. Browne 

From the above worthy Veterans Mr. Bowyer 
experien<;ed both patronage and friendship, as he 
also did from many others who may more properly 
be called his contemporaries. Of these I shall 
enumerate such of his mor€ immediate friends as 
were members of the Society, either at the time of 
his admission, or very soon after. 

Among th^se, he 'was particularly noticed by 
Mr. Ains worth, the industrious editor of the best 
Latin Dictionary this kingdom hath ever yet pro- 

♦ Which were then held at the Mitre tavern in Fleet-street j 
where <1 ey were continued till 1753, when the Society, aft«r 
beii».'^' iiicorponitcd^ removed to a house in Chancery-lane 5 till in 
17S0 they were bcated hy the bounty of their Royal Patron, ii^ 
magnificent and convenient apartments in Somerset House. 

duced ] 

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doced ; Mr. Ames^ Secretary to the Society of An- 
tiquaries ; Mr. Anstis and Mr. Leake, who succes- 
sively enjoyed the office of Garter king of arms ; 
Mr. Henry Baker; Mr. Beaupr^ Bell; Dr. Thomas 
Birch, with whom Mr. Bowyer was associated in a 
great variety of literary pursuits, and to whom I 
with gratitude acknowledge that I was early in life 
indebted for his friendly patronage ; Rev. Dr. Bor- 
lase, the Historian of Cornwall ; Dr. Samuel 
Chandler^ the celebrated Dissenting Divine ; Mr. 
CoUinson, the ingenious Botanist, whose researches 
in natural history have immortalized his name ; 
Mr. Charles Compton, Treasurer to the Society ; 
Dr. Cowper, a physician of eminence at Chester ; 
Mr. Drake, the Historian of York ; Mr. Edwards^ 
the celebrated omitholc^st; Mr. Fairfax; Mr. 
Folke8( Mr. Prank; Mr. Gordon; Mr. Hall; Mr. 
Hardinge, Clerk of the House of Commons, and 
one of the Secretaries of the Treasury ; Henry Hare^ 
baron of Colerane; Mr. Martin Leake; Mr.Lethieul- 
lier; Dr. Charles Lytteltoh, afterwards Bishop of 
Carlifile, and President of the Society of Antiquaries^ 
Mr. Locker, many years clerk to the Companies of 
Leatbersellers and Clockmakers; Mr. Maitland, the 
Historian of London ; Mr. Maittaire; Dr. Mangey ; 
honest Tom Martin of Palgrave, whose " History of 
Thetford" Mr. Bowyer lived to begin printing, but 
died before it was completed at the press ; Dr. Con- 
yers Middleton, the celebrated Librarian of -Cam- 
bridge ; Mr. Morant;, the Historian of Essex ; Mu 
Rowe-Mores ; Dr. Cromwell Mortimer ; Mr. Nick- 
oils ; Mr. George North, from whose researches we 
had great reason to have expected a History of the 
Society of Antiquaries ; Mr. David Papillon ; Dr. 
Parsons, to whose friendship I acknowledge re^ 
peated obligations ; Bishop Pococke ; Dr. Richardr* 
pen, Master of Emanuel college, Cambridge ; Dr. 
Tanner, Bishop of St. Asaph; ,Sir Peter Thompson; 
Mr. Tindal the Historian ; Mr, Warburton, Somer- 
set herald ; Professor Ward ; Mr. Philip Carteret 
Vfthl^ 5 ^Ir. Jaipes West, President of the Royal 

Socie^ i 

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Society; and Mr. Francis Wise. Of each of these 
gentlemen, some "Anecdotes" shall be given *. 

I return from this digression, if it can properly be 
«o called, to the sublet which introduced it. 

It has been already observed, that Mr. Bowyer 
was a regular attendant at the meetings of die So- 
ciety of Antiquaries; and his communications ooi^ 
tributed to the general stock of entertainment. 

Among these was a letter to Roger Gale, esq. ^ 
occasioned by an inscription on Vitellius, found at 
Bath;{; in August 1736. It was preserved in MS. 
among the late Mr. Allan of Darlington's curiotis 
" Collections relating to the Antiquities of Great 
Britain, transcribed from the Manuscript Papers of 
Roger Gale, Esq.** 

Some inscriptions at the Earl of Exeter's seat at 
Burleigh, . communicated to the Society by Mr. 
Bowyer, and his Dissertation on the Gule or Yule 
of our Saxon ancestors ^, remained in MS. till tbey 
also were inserted in his Miscellaneous Tracts ||. 

In the b^iniung of the same year (1736) Mr. 
Bowyer was also an active promoter of the Society 
p for the Encouragement of Learning; and an oriri- 
nal letter from their Secretary, addressed to me 
Rev. Dr. Richardson, master of Emanudl coUege^^ 
Cambridge, will explain the nature of the InstitU'^^ 
tion, and the motives which suggested at : 

** REV. SIR, London, Dec. 8, 1736, 

" Not only your own character for promoting 
erudition, but the experience we lately have had of 

* Sec the " Essays and Illustrations" in the Fifth Volume, No X. 

t Which, with some notes on it by the ffreat Antiquary to 
whiDm it wfus addressed, is printed tunong the '^ Miscdkneotis 
Tracts, p. 133*^143. 

• ; Dec. 23, 1737> a l^er was read (firon Plr^essor Ward to 
Mr. Bowyer) on the subject of the Bath Inscription ; and Mr. 
Bowyer read afterwards some other critical remarks ; for which 
he Kodved the thanks of the Society. Minutes, vol. II. p. 854. 

I On which Dr. Pettingal has kaxnedly tieated in tbfr Archse^^ 
ologki, vol. II. p. 00. 

II P. 15^—160. 


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the generous and frank manner in which you sub^ 
bribed to the Society for the Encouragement of 
Learning) lately established^ make me presume to 
address you at present^ and to give some account of 
the progress and advancement of the said Society* 
We are every day increasing, both in number, and 
in members, eithter conspicuous for their quality 
and station, or learning and ingenuity. Next, as I 
have the honour of serving them in the quality of 
their Secretary, I ovm I never saw any Committee 
better attended, nor more unanimity among any set 
of men. They have already entirely paved the way 
for the reception of Authors ; appointed Booksellers 
for their service ; settled the r^ulations concerning 
printers and the printing part ; being determined to 
spare neither pains nor chai^ges in what they shall 
publish, so that it may be done in the most correct, 
elegant, and beautiful manner. In jRne, nothing is 
wanting but to set out with some Author of genius 
and note, in order to give the publick a specimen of 
their desire to serve them as well as the author* 
Several authors h^ve already applied, and some 
works are accepted ; but the Committee have laid 
it down as a rule, not to begin or set out but witli 
the work of some man of genius and merit in Eng- 
lish ; wherefore, as the learned and ingenious D^. 
Middleton, of Cambridge, we hear, is about the 
Life of Cicero, and greatly advanced therein, I 
should be obliged, if you would take an opportunity, 
or any of your friends who know him, to acquaint 
him, that if he does our Society the favour to let 
them publish it, I dare venture to assure him, that • 
it will be received with honour and the highest 
approbation, without the least formality : I shal^ 
add, that, in point of interest, it will be a little 
estate to the Author whose works they begin with, 
for every mortal will buy it. 

" You have no doubt heard in what a discourag- 
ing way Dr. Bentley has used our Society; for, 
thoueh his work of Manilius was ready to be printed, 
and he desired by several people to have it pub* 


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lished \yy the Society; he not only raised such ill- 
grounded objections against the institution itself, 
but chose to throw it into the hands of a common 
Bookseller, rather than in those of the Society, which 
has not only made several gentlemen of letters and 
high, life exclaim against the discouraging and un- 
generous act, but will be recorded to the learned 
world, perhaps, when he is dead and rotten. Such 
men deserve fleecing from Booksellers ; and I am 
mistaken if he, or his Editors, will not meet with 
it: I am sure none will regret them. But it 
is hoped, nay expected, from the excellent charac- 
ter Dr. Middleton bears in the world, that our 
Society will meet with other treatment from him ; 
for it is as much the duty of a great Author to lend 
a helping hand to encourage and countenance so 
laudable an institution as is that of this Society, as 
it is for the Society to assist and encourage the 
author. The favour of your answer from him I 
shall greatly esteem ; and the sooner you do me 
that honour the better, that it may be deposited, 
if favourable, at the next General Meeting, which 
is tlie 3d day of February. My direction is, at 
Slaughter 8 Coffee-house in St. Martin s-lane. . The 
works of any other ingenious friend or acquaintance, 
if recommended by you, will always be distinguish- 
ingly received, I dare say, by the Committee, as 
will your commands at all times by. Rev. Sir, 
^^ Your most humble and obedient servant, 

Alex. Gordon." 

On the few books undertaken by this Society, 
three Printers were employed (I suppose from each 
Author^s having had th^ privilege to nominate his 
own friend) ; mv. Bowyer, Mr. Bettenhamj and 
Mr. Richardson. 

The statutes of the Society w^ere dated May 27, 
1736. In June that year the number of the mem- 
bers amounted to 102. The Duke of Richmond 
vras their President, and Brian Fairfax, esq. Vice-, 
president : Sir Hugh Smithson (afterwards Duke of 


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Northumberland), and Sir Thomas Robinsqn, bart. 
Trustees for the year. — The first Committee of Ma- 
nagers were, Charles Seymour Earl of Hertford, 
James Hamilton Earl of Abercorn, Edward Harley 
Earl of Oxford, Earl Stanhope, Lord Percival, Sir 
Brownlow Sherard, bart, tne Hon. William Tal- 
bot, Dr. Ricliard Mead, Dr. Alexander Stuart, 
Dr. Robert Barker, Dr. Addison Hutton, the Rev. 
Dr. Thomas Birch, Charles Frederick, esq. Jame$ 
West, esq. Major Edwards, Benjamin Martyn, esq. 
George Lewis Scott, esq. Paul Whitehead, esq, 
Mr. John Ward, professor at Gresham College, 
James Thomson, esq. Samuel Strutt, esq. Daniel 
Mackercher, esq. George Sale, esq. the Rev. George 
Watts. — The Auditors were, the Hon. John Talbot, 
Henry Talbot, Henry Kelsall, Edward Stevenson, 
and William Newland, esqrs. 

It appears by Dr. Birch's MSS. that Mr. Gordon's 
salary as Secretary was 50/. a year. June 30, 1739, 
Mr. Alexander Blackwell ♦, " who had had a uni- 

* Son of Mr. Thomas Blackwell, who was one of the ministers 
of the town of Aberdeen, and principal of the Marischal College, 
in which office his son Thomas (the brother of this Alexander) 
succeeded him, being at the same time professor of the Greek 
language in the same university. After having received a liberal 
education, he studied physic under Boerhaave at Leyden, took 
the degree of M. D. and acquired a proficiency in the modem 
languages. He possessed a good natural genius, but was some- 
what flighty^ and a little conceited. His conversation, how- 
ever, was iacetious and agiceable -, and he might be considered 
on the whole as a well-bred accomplished gentleman. On his' 
return home, happening to stay some time at The Hague, he 
oonU^cted an intimacy with a Swedish nobleman. Marrying a 
gentleman's daughter in the neighbourhood of Abenleen, he 
proposed practising lys profession in that part of the kingdom ; 
but in two years, finding his expectations .disap|)ointed, he came 
to London, where he met with still less encouragement as a 
physician, and commenced corrector of the press for Mr.Wilkins 
a printer. After some years spent in this employment, he set 
up as a printer himself, and carried on several large works, till 
I734, when he became bankrupt. In what manner he subsisted 
from this event till the above-mentioned application we do not 
learn, unless it was by the ingenuity of his wife, who published 
"A curious Herbal, containing Five Hundred Cuts, of the most 
useful Plants, which are now used in the Practice of Physick, 


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▼ersity-edacation, understood some of the modern 
languages, and had practised the pfintiftg-busineBS 

wigraTcd on folio Cop{9er-}i!fttes, alter Drawings liken from tlie 
life, by Elizabeth Black^\'ell. To wbkh is adiled^ m short De^ 
flCription of the Plants, and their' common Uses in Riysick, 
1739," 2 vols, folio. To the first volume is prefixed a recom- 
ftiendation from the dktir.£:it!shed names of I>r. Mead, Dr. Tcid- 
ster, Df . Stuart, Df . Douglas, Dr. Sherard, Mr. Chesdden, Mr. 
Miller, Mr. Rand, and Mr. Nickolls, dated Oct. 1, 1735,- and 
another from the president and censors of the College of Ph^rsi* 
€ti|ns, dated July 1, 1737. In or about the year 1740 he went 
to Sweden, and, renewing his intimacy with the Noblonan be 
knew at The Hsigue, again assumed the medkal profession, and 
Was very weU received in that cafHicity j till, turning projector, 
he laid a scheme befoi^e his Swedish M^viesty for Jiaining the fena 
and marshes, which was well received, arid many thousands em- 
ployed in prosecutin{< it under the Doctor's direction, for which 
lie had some smaO allowance from the King. This scheme sue* 
ceeding so weU, he turned his thoughts to others of ereatec im- 
portance, which in the end proved fatal to him. He was sus- 
pected of being concerned in a plot with Coimt Tesain, and was 
tortured ; which not producing a confession, he was beheaded 
Aug. 9» 1748. The foitish ambassador was recalled from Swe* 
den in 1748, among other reasons, for the imputations thrown 
on his Bxitannic Majesty in the trial of Dr. Blackwcll. Soon 
after tliis event appeai'ed " A genuine copy of a Letter from a 
Merchant in Stockholm, to his Correspondent in liondon -, con- 
tainii^ an impartial Account of Dr. Alexander Black well> hia- 
Plot, Trial, Character, and Behaviour, both under Examination 
and at the Place of Execution, together with a Copy of a Paper 
delivered to a Friend upon the Scalibld; which may now perhaps 
be deemed a curiosity : '' Gentlemen Spectatoi^s, I came into your 
country as a strajiger, in order to earn an honest livelihood in 
the way of my profession as a phyilician. For some years that 
I have i*esided among you, 1 must acknowledge that I met with a 
reception and encoui*agement beyond any poor merit I can boast 
of, which in gi-atitude has begot in me a real and sincere affec- 
tion for tliis country, and its inliabitants. As I met with civility 
from all ranks, I could haxe no particular enmity at any pei^ion 
in the Idngdom. As my profession was all I minded (except so 
far as I was happily instrumental in draining the mai*shes of this 
kingdom), I had no ambition or capacity for mcildling in court* 
affain, and consequently could have ,no plot of supplanting any 
oi^ the ministry. As I had never sufiei-ed by the laws of Swedeit, 
and as the constitution nearly resembles that form under which I 
have been educated, I could have no biass upon me to seek a 
change in the constitution of this country ; where, whate\^ 
fprm it might assume, I could ec\|oy no greater liberty than I 
did before, nor could ever exjiect to l>e any thing else but a phy« 
Bician, Yet it has Seen my misfortune to como under the suspi- 

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for some years, was a candidate to succeed Mr. Gor- 
don." Mr. Daniel Lyon was afterwards Secretary. 

Dr. Birch's accompts as Treasurer are preserved 
among his MSS. Mr. Stephen Le Bas, who suc- 
ceeded hira in that office, received, Feb. 9, 1739, a 
balance of 59/. 3.V. 9^. 

However liberal tlie idea of such an institution 
might have been, the execution of it counteracted 
the intention of its Founders. It was in fact a 
direct attack on the Booksellers^ who after all are 
certainly no bad " rewarders of literary merit * ^ 
and their assistance having been found indispensably 
necessary to the undertakmg, a contract was entered 
into^ for tliree years, with A. Millar^ J. Gray, and 
J. Noufscf*. 

cum of acting a part inconsistent with my character^ ability^ or 
even such principles as should direct nie in the most tiifling as 
itell as the most important concerns of life^ for which I am now 
about to suffer; but^ as I am a dying man, and in those circum- 
stances where &lsehood is of the utmost bad consequence^ and 
can avail me nothing, I declare I never intended, plotted, or 
contrived any alteration or disturbance of the Swedish coastitu* 
tfon, nor ever rec^ved any encouragement whatsoever on that. 
head from any power whatever, as has been falsely surnused t. 
dfe in charity with all mankind, and for^ve from the bottom of. 
my heart all those who have injured, oppressed, or calumniated 
me in any shape, and in the same manner expect f<»*giveness 
ftom all such whom I may any ways have injiu:ed, espeeisdly 
cf all those who niay be any ways scandalized by the ignominious 
<feath which my fotly had brought me to, and that the reputation 
of the innocent may not sufier upon my account 


* ''^ I atippese this Soeiely for dncdaragii^ Learning »«..^ 
the Booksell«v8^ §&r it must be at last a downright Trading 
Societv, a moe Cen^m (fdif;»va me if I miSHspeil so noyi^rieus 
a wand). [See vol. I. p. 340,} I hope you will take cdre to be 
one of their Printers^, fat thtijr will certainly be a Society far 
encowagiBg Priattng ) Learaing perkapa may be too 6r gone, 
and past all private encoufagjemeot/' Mr. Clarke to Mr, Bawyer, 
tariff in 1737. 

f to this peHod no ttiore than four books were pfhited ; 
" OiBsertatio de StrucbnrA et Motu Musculari, Auctore AIex« 
andro 0tuart, W. D. Serenissimss Garolinse Ms^. Brit. &c. nuper 
Rigia Ma*. Ofd. Coll Reg. Med. Lond. ct R. S. 8." 4to, 1738 ; 
(printed by Mr. Rkhardson 5 for which the Author obtained a 
fffM medal from the Royal Academy of Sciences^ of which he 

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$6 tITERARV ANECDOTES or [173^* 

A new contract way afterwards entered into with 
six other booksellers (G. Straban, C. Rivington, 
P. Vaillant, J. Brindley, S. Baker, and J. Osbom, 
jun.) ; whose profits on the business were so injudi- 
ciously retrenched, that the avowed purposes of the 
Society were entirely frustrated *. 

In 1742, a third method was adopted, and 'the* 
Society chose to become their own booksellers. 
The experiment was tried with ^Han ^' De Anima- 
libus," 4to. in 1743. A few months, were sufficient 

was a member ; he died Sept. 15^ 1742) ; Sir William Keith's 
" History of Virginia," 8vo -, " A Collection of Original Letters 
and Papers concerning the Affairs of England firom the Year 
1641 to 1660 ; found among the Duke of Ormond's Papers. In 
two volumes. By Thomas Carte, M. A. 1739," Svo ; and Pro- 
fessor Stuart's " Necessity of Revelation," Svo, 1739. Neither 
of these works was large or expensive* 

* On this plan two books only were published ; "The Negoti- 
ations of Sir Thomas Roe, on his Embassy to the Ottoman Porte, 
from the year 1621 to 1628 inchisive, &c/* folio, 1740. Of this 
volume Mr. Richardson was ostensibly the editor as well as prin- 
ter. He inscribed it to the King in a short dedication, which 
does honour to the ingenious writer. Proposals for publishing^ 
five volumes of these Negotiations were circulated in 1730 ; but 
the undertaking failing of encouragement, only this one volume 
was published in 1740, so that the most ciuioiis and interesting^ 
part of his papers still remain in MS. See the Biographia Brt- 
tannica, art. Rob, note L. 

" Maximus T^us" was published in 4to in the same year > 
and Dr. Warburton, in a letter to Dr. Birch, says, " I am glad 
that the Society for the Encouragement of Learning is in so 
hopeful a condition ; though methinks it is a little ominous to 
set their press a-going with the arrantest sophist that ever wrote, 
prepared by so arrant a Critic 3" which probably alludes to Max- 
imus Tyrius; at least the following quotation from another letter 
shews Dr. Warbiuton*8 sentiments on that volume : " I have a 
poor opinion both of Markland*s and Taylor's critical abilities, 
between fiiends : I speak from what I have seen. Good sense is 
the foundation of criticism } this it is that has made Dr. Bentley 
and Bp. Hare the two greatest critics that ever were in the world. 
Not that good sense alone will be sufficient. For that consider- 
able part of it, emending a corrupt text, there must be a certain 
sagacity, which is so distinguishing a quality in Dr. Bentley. 
Dr. Clarke had all the requisites of a critic but this } and this he 
wanted. lipsius, Joseph Scaliger^ Faber, Isaac Vossius, Sal* 
roasius, had it in a great degree -, but these are fiew among the 
infinite tribe of Critics." MSS, in th€ British Museum. 


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iys6.] * tHK £IGHt££li|TH CENtURt^ gj 

to demonstrate the impracticability of the attempt ; 
and before the year was at an end, they again nad 
recourse to three Booksellers, on a plan in some 
degree enlai^d. Thus circurtistanced, they pub- 
lished Bp. Tanner's *'.Notitia Monastica*/' folio, 
in January 1743-4 ; and Professor Stuart's English 
translation of Sir Isaac Newton's " Quadrature^ of 
Curv^" in September 1745- But their finances 
were then become almost exhausted, after having 
expended a subscription of nearly two thousand 
pounds. The '* Bibliotheca Britannica" of Bishop 
Tanner was, however, completed under their patro-* 
nage in I748 ; but, by '^A Memorial of the present 
State of Affairs of the Society, April 17," in that 
year, it appears they had incurred so considerable a 
debt as to DC deterred at that time from proceeding 
farther in their project of printing. 


In this year, amongst other productions from 
Mr. Bowyer's press, were, 

" A Review of the Doctrine of the Eucharist, as 
laid down in Scripture and Antiquity. By Daniel 
Waterland, D.D." 

" Reflections Military and PoliticaL Translated 
from the Spanish of the Marquis d.e Santa Cruz. By 
Captain James Ogilvie." 

A new edition of Mr. Ellis Walker's Paraphrase 
of the ^* Enchiridion" of Epictetus -|*. 

'^ An Answer to the Enquiry into the Meaning 
of Demoniacs in the New Testament. By Leonard 
Twells, M.A.'* 8vo. 

" A Report, with the Appendix, from the Com- 
mittee of the House of Commons, to whom the 
Petition of the Courchwardtens, &c. ot* the Parishes 

* Of which 500 copies^ the whole impression, of an improved 
edition, with considerable additions, published by Mr« Nasmith 
inl/BT} were purchased by Mr. Nichols; and by hr the greatest 
part of them consumed by &vq in 1803. 

t An earlier edition has been particularly noticed in vol I. p. IQ^. 


VOL* II • A* ' Digitized by 



of St. Giles in the Fields, &c. were referred; and the 
Proceedings of the House thereupon ;" folio. 

A new edition of Mr. Whiston*s Translation of 
Josephus, 4 vols. 8vo. 

A Memorial, by Mr. Whiston, respecting^ the 
Longitude ; two editions. 

Two Sermons by the Rev. George Whitefield*, B ji. 
of Pembroke college, Oxford : 

* From the considerable figure which Mr. Whitefield for manjr 
years made as the founder of a very widely-spreading religious 
society^ a cursory memoir of his life cannot fail of giving general 
satis&ction; and the following particulars, selected from his own 
Jomnal by the judicious conipilei-s of " The Annual Register for 
1770," vol. XIII. are very much to the purpose. 

" I was bom," he says, " in Gloucestershire, in the month of 
December 1714, at the Bell-inn; and can ti-uly say I was froward 
from my mother's womb. I was so bnitish as to hate instruct 
tion, and used purposely to shun all op})ortunities of receiving 
it. I can date some very early acts of uncleanness. Lying, 
filthy talking, and foolish jesting, I was much addicted to. 
Sometimes I used to curse, if not swear. Stealing from my 
mother I thought no theft at all, and usod to make no scruple 
of taking money out of her pocket before she was up. I have 
frequently betrayed my trust ; and have more than once spent 
money I took in the house, in buying fruit, tarts, &c. to satisfy 
my sensual appetites. Numbers of Sabbaths have I broken, and 
generally used to behave myself very irreverently in God*8 Sane- 
tuaiy. Much money have I spent in Plays, and in the common 
entertainments of the age. C^ds, and reading Romances, were 
my heart's delight. Often have I joined with others in playing 
roguish tricks ; but was generally, if not always, hapi^y de- 
tected. For this I have often since, and do now, bless and praise 
God It would be endless to recount the sins and ofiences of my 
younger days — ^they ai'e more in number than the hairs of my 
head. My heart would fail me at the remembrance of them, 
was I not assured that my Redeemer liveth, ever to make inter- 
cession for me. However the young man in the Gospel might 
botbit how he had kept the Commandments from his youth, with 
shame and confusion of face I confess that I have broken them 
all from my youth. Whatever foreseen fitness for salvation others 
may talk of, and glory in, I dbclaim any such thing — ^if I trace 
myself from my cradle to my manhood, I can sec nothing in me 
but a fitness to be damned ; and if the Almighty had not pre- 
vented me by his grac^ and wrought most powerfully upon my 
80ul, quickening me by his free spirit when dead in trespasses 
and sins, I had now either been sitting in darkness, and in the 
shadow of death, or condenmed, as the due rewaiti of my crimes, 
to be for ever lifting up my e^^es in torments. But such was the 
free grace of God to me, that though corruption worked so 


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1. *^ The Nature and Necessity of Society in ge- 
neral^ and of Reli^ous Society in particular; which 

strongly in my soul, and produced such early and bitter fruiti^ 
yet I can recollect very early movings of the blessed Spirit upon 
my heart, sufficient to satisfy me that God loved me with au 
e\-erlasting love, and separated me, even from my mother s womb, 
for the work for which he afterwards was pleased to call me. 1 
had early some convictions of sin ; and once, I remember, when 
some persons (as they frequently did) made it their business to 
teaze me, I inunediately retired to my room, and, kneeling' down, 
with many tears, prayed over that ftalm wherein David so often 
repeats these words. But in the name of the Lord Iivill destroy them. 
I was al>vays fond of being a Clergjmaii, used frequently to imi- 
tate the Minister's reading prayei-s, &c. Part of the money I used 
to steal from my parent I g-ave to the poor ; and some books I 
privately took from others (for which I have since restored four- 
fold), 1 remember, were books of devotion. My mother was 
very careful of my education, and always kept me in my tender 
years from intermeddling in the least with the public business. 
About the 10th year of my age, it pleased God to peimit my 
mother to marry a second time, ft proved what the world 
call an unhappy match ; but God over-ruled it for good When 
I was about twelve, I was placed at a school called St. Mary de 
Crypt in Gloucester, the last grammar-school I ever went to. 
Having a good elocution and memory, I was remarked for mak- 
ing speeches before the Corporation at their annual visitation. 
But I cannot say I felt any dawnings of God upon my soul for a 
year or two, saving that I laid out some of the money that was 
given me ou one of the aforementioned occasions, in buying \ 
Ken's Manual for Winchester Scholai's, a book that had mucE 
afiected me when my brother used to read it in my mother's 
troubles, and which, for some time aftet' I bought it, was ot 
great benefit to my soul. During the time of my being at sclioo^ 
r was very fond of reading Plays j and have kept from school for 
days together, to prepare myself for acting them. My master, 
seeing how mine and my sclioolfellows vein run, composed some- 
thing of this kind for us himself, and caused me to dress myself 
in girl's cloaths (which I had often done) to act a part before 
the Corporation. The remembrance of this has often covered 
me with confusion of fece, and I hope will do so even to the en4 
of my life. Before I was 1^, ba\ing, as I thought, made a suf- 
ficient progress in the Clasbicks, and, at the bottom, longing to 
be set at liberty from the confinement of a school, 1 one day told 
my mother, ' since her circumstances would not permit her to 
give me an University education, more learning I thought would 
spoil noe for a tradesman, and therefore I judged it bSt not to 
learn Latin any longer.' She at tii-st refused to consent ; but 
my corruptions soon got the better of her good-nature. Here* 
upon, for some time, I went to learn to write only. But, my 
mother's circuzustances being much on the decline^ and being 

u 2 tractable 

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had been first preached at St. Nicholas' church, Bris- 
tol ; and again before the Religious Societies^ at 

tractable that way, I from time to time began to assist her occa^ 
sionally in the public-house, till at length I put on my blue 
apron and my snuffers, washed mops, cleaned rooms, and, in 
one word, became a professed and common drawer. Notwith- 
standing I was thus employed in a large inn, and had sometimes 
the care of the whole house upon my hands, yet I composed two 
or three Sermons, and dedicated one of them, in particular, to 
my elder brother. One time, I remember, 1 was very touch 
pressed to self-examination, and found myself very unwilling to 
look into my heart. Frequently I read the Bible when sitting 
up at night. Seeing the boys go by t^ school, has often cut me 
to the heart And a dear youth (nt)w with God) would oftcii 
come intreating me, when serving at the bar, to go to Oxfbrd. 
'My general answer was, / wish I could. After 1 had continued 
about a year in this ser\ lie employment, my mother was obliged 
to leave the inn. My brother, who had been bred up for the 
t)usiness, married, whereupon all Was made over to him ; and I 
being accustomed to the house, it x^-as judged best that I should 
continue there as an assistant. But it happened that my sister- 
' jbc^-law and I could by no means agree ; and therefore, after con- 
tinuing a long while under a great burden of mind, I at length 
resolved (thinking my absence would make all things easy) to go 
away* , Accordingly, by the advice of my brother, and consent 
of my mother, I went to see my elder brother, then settled at 
'Bristol. Here God was plea<ied to give me great sensible de^-o- 
jtion, and fill me with such unspeakable raptiures, particularly 
^nce in St. John's church, that I was carried out beyond myself. 
.1 felt great hungedng's cmd thirsthigs after the blesied Sacra^ 
^nent ^ and vyrote many letters to my mother, telling her I would 
1(kever g,o into the public employment again. Thomas k Kempis 
<was my great delight, and I was always impatient till the bell 
Xung to ^l me to tnoad the courts of the Lord's house. But in 
\he midst of these illuminations, something secretly whispered^ 
\This would not last. And indeed it so happened. For (oh that 
1 could write in tears of blood !) when I left Bristol (as I did 
In about two months), and returned to Gloucester, J changed 
my devotion with my place. Alas ! all my fervour went off; 
^d I had no inclination to go to chilrch, or draw nigh unto 
'God. However, I had so much Religion left as to persist in my 
y^olution not to live in the inn ; and therefore my mother gave 
me leave, though she had but a little income, to have a bed upon 
the ground, and live at her house, till Providence should point 
out a place for me. Having now, as I thought, nothing to do, 
it was a proper season for Satan to tempt me. Much of my 
'time I spent in reading Plays, and in sauntering from place to 
place. I was careful to adorn my body, but took little pains to 
deck and beautify my soul. Evil communications mth my 
old schoolfellov^-s soon corrupted my good-manners. By seeing 

^ T their 

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one of their Quarterly Meetings, in BowChun^h, 
London. " 

ibfiiT evil practices* all sense of Religion gradually wore off" i8y 
mind, and I at length fell into a secret sin, the dismal effects of 
which I have felt, and groaned under ever since. Having lived 
thus for some considerable time, a young student, who wsis once- 
my schoolfellow, and then a servitw of Pembroke college. Ox- 
ford, came to pay my mother a visit. Amongst other conversa- 
tion, he told her how he had discharged all College expences that 
qiiarter, and received a penny. Upon that my mother immedi* 
artely cried out, 'This will do for my son.' Then tiurning to me, 
<he said, ' Will you go to Oxford, George r I replied, fVith all 
my heart. Whereupon, having the same friends that this young 
student had, my mother, without delay, %vaited on them. They 
promised their interest, to get me a Servitor's place in the same 
College. She then applied to my old master, who much ap- 
proved of my coming to school again. In about a week I went 
and entered myself, and spared no pains to go forward in my 
book. God was pleased to give me his blessing, and I learned 
much fester than I did before. But all this while I continued m 
sin ; and at length got acquainted with such a set of debauched^ 
abandoned, atheistical youths, that if God, by his free, unmerited^ 
and especial ^ace, had not delivered me out of their hands, I 
•houldlong since have sat in the,scomer's chair. By keeping 
company with them, my thoughts of Religion grew more and 
more like theiis. I went to public service only to make sport, 
and walk about. 1 took pleasure in their lewd conversation.- I 
began to reason as they did, and was in a feir vraty of being as 
in&mous as the worst of them. But (oh stupendous k)ve !) God 
even here stopped me, when running on in a full caxeer to HelL 
For just as I was upon the brink of ruin, he gave me such a dis- 
taste of their principles and practices, that I discovered them to 
my master, who soon put a stop to their proceedings. Being 
thus delivered out of the snares of the Devil, I began to be more 
and more serious, and felt the spirit of God at diiferent times 
woridng powerfully and convincingly upon my soul. One day 
in particular, as J was coming down s^rs, and overheard my 
frioids speaking well of me, GoA so deef^y convicted me of hy- 
pocrisy, that t£>ugh I had formed frequent but ineflectual reso- 
lutions before, yet I had then power given me over my seci^et and 
darling sin. Notwithstanding, some time after being overtaken 
in liquor (as I have been twice or thrice in my life-time), Satan 
gained his usual advantage over me again ; an experimental proof 
to my poor soul, how tl^t wicked one makes use of intemperate 
men as machines to work them up to just what he pleases." — Thus 
fer in Mr. Whitefield's ovm woros. When.admitted a servitor at 
Pembroke college, |ie very soon distinguished himself by the au- 
sterities of his devotion, and acquired considerable eminence in 
some religious assemblies in Oxford; *' lying whole days and 
weeks prostrate on the graund in silent or voc^ prayer \ leaving 


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2. *' The Nature and Necessity of Self-denial ; a 
Sermon preached at St. Andrew'?, Holborn," 

off the eating of fruits ; ehoosing the worst sort of food> though 
his place furnished him i;nth variety, thinking it unbeconung a 
penitent to have his hair powdered -, wearing woollen gloves, a 
patched gown« and dirty shoes/* to contract a habit of humiUty. 
At the age of 21, the fame of Mr. Whitefidd's piety recommended 
him 80 much to Dr. Benson^ the then Bp. of Gloucester, that he 
made him a voluntary ofiei: of ordination^ which Mr. Whitefield 
at last thought proper to accept ; and was accordingly ordained^ 
June lOj 1736. On the following Sunday he preached his first 
Senxion, at Glou,cester, in the church where he had been bap- 
tized, " on the Necessity and Benefit of Religious Society ;*' and 
in the week following^ on his return to Oxford, took the degree 
of B. A. ; and, immediately after this regular admission into the 
ministry, applied himself to the most extraoitlinary, the most 
inde&tigable duties of his character -, and was invited to preach 
in most of the large churches in London ; till, in December 1737, 
having at length made himself universally known, he embarked 
fbr America, where the tenets of Methodism began to spread very 
fast under his friends the Wesleys; and first determined upon the 
institution of the Oiphan-house at Geoigia, which he afterwards 
effected. He returned to London, after visiting Ireland, in 
December 173S 3 and in January 1739 was ordained priest by 
Sp. Benson j after which time, the churches not being sufficiently 
capacious, he preached daily wherever he thought there would 
be a likelihood of making proselytes ; m prisons, fields, and open 
streets; in church-yards^ on Kennington Common, and in Moor- 
fields; and particularly to the colliers of Kingswood, on Hannam 
Mount, near Bristol. In August 1739 he went a second time to 
Georgia ; and preached incessantly in various parts of the Ame- 
rican Continent. On his return to England, in March 1741, 
he found that ^' the Moravians had made inroads upon the socie- 
ties ; and that Mr. John Wesley had been prevailed on to preach 
and print in favour of perfection and universal redemption.** 
He preached, however, once, but no more, at the Fauvkery, a 
place which his friend John Wesley had procured during his 
absence 3 and *' to have heard the weeping between him and Mr. 
Charles Wesley, after prayer, would have melted any heart." 
From this time a separation of these sectarian leaders took place; 
and a Tabernacle was erected by the friends of Mr. Whitefield, 
near the Foundery ; which " he disliked, as it looked like erect- 
ing altar against altar.** Af^er this he visited many parts of 
Efiisex; and preached, on a common near BraintsDe, to near 
10,000 persons. In this year he also visited Scotland-; and was 
particulariy noticed by many persons of considerable distinction. 
In October, he travelled from Edinbuigh to Abergavenny; 
where he married Mrs. Jones, a widow lady; and from tliat time 
till August 1744 continued in England. The next four years 
were p&s&ed in America; whence, after stopping at the Bermuda 


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Of these two Sermons, which were among the 
earliest of Mr. Whitefield's productions from the 

Islands, he returned to England, in July 1748^ after an absence 
of four years; but found his congregation of the Tabernacle sadfy 
scattered, and his own pecuniary affairs in a very deranged 
state. But his congregation was soon recruited; ajid a very un- 
expected incident occurred. The pious and benevolent Countess 
of Huntingdon, having expressed a desire to see him at her 
bouse at Chelsea as soon as he came on shore ; he went> and^ 
having preached twice, the Countess informed him, that several 
of the Nobility desired to see him. In a few days, the Earl of 
Chesterfield, and a whale circle of persons of fashion, attended ; 
and, having heard him once, they desired to hear him again* 
" I therefore preached again,** he says, " in the evening ; and 
went home never more surprized in my life. All behaved quite 
well, and were in some d^ree affected. The Earl of Chesteilield 
thanked me -, and said, ' Sir, I will not tell you, what I shaU tell 
others, how I approve of youj* or words to that purpose. At 
kst Lord Bolingbroke came to hear -, sat like an Archbishop ; 
and was pleased to say, I had ' done gi-eat justice to the Divine 
Attributes >n my discourse.* Soon afterwards her Ladyship re- 
moved to town ; where. I preached generally twice a week to 
veiy brilliant audiences.** In October that year he visited Scotland 
for the third time. In 1750 he went to Ashby-de-la-Zouch, 
to wait on the Countess of Himtingdon, who had been ill ; 
and, in his way thither, had '' a most comfortable interview, 
at Northampton, with Dr. Doddridge, Mr. Hervey, and two 
pious Clergymen of the Church of England, both known to the 
learned worid by their valuable writings.** After a long course of 
peregrination, his fortune increased, as his fame extended among 
his followers ; and, after preaching for a short time in Long 
Acre chapel, where " he met all sorts of opposition and difficul* 
ties,** he began. May 10, 1750, to build a new Chapel at Totten- 
hamcourt-road; which he opened on the 7th of November; and 
continued during that winter to preach conunonly in it about 
fifteen times in every week ; and here, and at the Tabernacle 
near Moorfields, with the help of some assistants, he continued 
for several years, attended by very crowded congregations, and 
quitting the kingdom only occasionally. Besides the Tabernacle 
and Chapel already mentioned, by being chaplain to the Countess 
of Huntingdon, he was connected with two other religious meet- 
ings, one the celebrated Chape] at Bath, which he opened in 
July 1765, and the other at Tunbiidge, chiefly erected under 
that I^uly*s patronage. America, however, which always en- 
gaged much of his attention, was destined to close his eyes ; and 
he died at Newberry, about 40 miles from Boston in New £ng« 
land, Sept. SO, 1769. His disorder was a violent asthma, which 
in a few hours put a period to lus life, in the 56th year of his 
ag^. For a fuller account of this very extraordinary Divine, the 


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press, repeated editions were called for, both in this 
and in the following year *. 

A Dissertation, " De Vita, Scriptis, et -SE^tate 
Hesiodj,** by Dr, Robinson, nrefixed to the Oxford 
edition of Hesiod, in 4to. Of thig work there were 
tliree diiFerent-sized papers ; and of the largest only 
ten copies were printed ; which accounts for their 
extreme scarcity, and the enqrmous price for which 
ft copy has been sometimes sold. 

A new edition of " A View of the Present State 
of Scotland -f-, in regard to the Tenures and Slavish 
Dependencies of the Subjects of th^t Part of North 
Britain. In a Memorial drawn up by William 
Logan, Esq. a Scotish Gentleman ;" 8vo. 

" Carmen Epinicium Augustissimae Russorum 
Imperatrici sacrum ;" a small poeii), by Mr. Mait-r 
taire, printed only for private use.. 

*^ Concio ad Clerum Londinensem, Maii 30, 
1737; Jt JosephoRoperJ." 

*^ An Enquiry into the Natural Right of Mankind 
to debate freely concerning Religion, wherein the 
Maxims advanced by several late Writers upon this 
Subject are examined, by a Gentleman of Lincoln*s 
Inn. Maxima quceque duhia sunt. 1737,"^ 8vo; 
beautifully printed ; is mentioned by Mr. Clarke in 
puch 4 manner ^ ^ to shew that Mr. Bowyer had 

reader ii referred to the Memoirs of him by the Rev. Dr. Gillies { 
and tpia coljection of his '' Sermons, Tracts, ^d Letters,** which 
were published after his death, in six volumes, 8vo. 

"^ I find but one 'printed Sermon of an earlier date ; *' The 
J^atoie and Necessity of a new Birth in Christ; a Sermon preache4 
at Bristol in September 1737;" ^^ l^C lUvington^ 8vo. 

t First printed ip 1733. 

X Seep. 46. 

§ «M did not apprehend, by your forager letter, that I was ta 
read this Essay ppon the Freedom of Debate either as Critick of 
Corrector \ and now I have pot leisure to set seriously to it till 
^er nea^ week. The Autjior, whoever he is, is master both of 
himself and the subject -, bpt general taste Is so uncertain a 
thing, who can judge of it ? I think he is sometimes too dif-r 
fuse, and soipetimes too methodieid ; here keeping to the striet^ 
pess of demonstration, and there leaving the argument fScir the 
. ^ake of Qiwmepts. Besides^ th^ good de^igp ^ it wSl be nq 


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]Nud a particular attention to it. The copy-right of 
this volume was regularly assigned over to him by 
the author (Mr. Henry Anderson*) with an express 
permission to alter it as he thought proper; a liberty 
which, I believe, he exercised very liberally. 
A new edition of Dr. Grey*s " Memoria Technica.** 
The first part (164 p^s in folio) of '^ The History 
and Antiquities of the County of Northampton ^,** 

adTsntage tp itg sale. On the right side of the question, a book • 

must be excellently well written in all respects to be generally 
read ; when one with half the sense or spirit*on the other shall 
succeed much better.* 1 wish it much success, and think it de* 
serves it. There are some little particularities in expression, 
which I do not so well like ; p. ^74, 1. 3, ' with some lnde% 
expurgatorius^* scarce English. Ibid. 1. 7^ 'a book not near so 
bold as the Grounds and Reasons and the Moderator.*— I do not 
understand that sentence clearly — I suppose it should be> or the 
Moderator; the comma b wantuog. P. ^76, ' The Heidlebergh's 
Catechismus,* — why not The Ueidlebergh Catechism 9 The Aus* 
burghs Confessio would sound odd. — ^Who is your author?'* 

Mr. Clarke to Mr. Bowyer, 1737, 
* Who died March 18, 1761. , 

f This valuable work was first projected, and begun in tlie 
year 1719, by John Bridges, esq. of Barton Segrave, near Ket« 
tering, a bencher of Lincoln's Inn, solicitor to the Customs 1695, 
and a commissioner in 17II ; cashier of Excise 1715, a governor 
of Bridewell and Bethlem hospitals^ and F.S.A. 1718 ; a man in 
the highest degree qualified to direct such an undertaking, of 
sound judgment, various and extensive learning, and equal skill 
'^nd diligence in the investigation of Antiquities ; who properly 
commenced his career by a personal visitation of every parish in 
'the County. We have it from the authority of a brother Anti- 
quary, Browne Willis, that he expended several thousand pounds 
on this pursuit; and the transcripts thus collected extended to 
wards of 30 volumes in folio. His practical attention to his 
profession was probably prevented by the prospect of a private 
fortune, and the lucrative places wluch he enjoyed ; but some 
eminent writers, and particularly Heame, have borne very hon* 
oorable testimony to his knowledge, and professed thepiselves 
indebted to his friendly communications. About 1665 he pur- 
chased the manor of Barton Segrave (History of Northampton- - 
shire, vol. II. p. S18) ; and died, at his chambers in Lincoln's 
Inn, March 16, 1723-4 ; after having, by his last will, dated 
Aug. 6, 1723, directed all his books and MSS. to be sold, and 
eut of the sale 500^ to bis brothers Nathaniel and Ralph. He 
excepted such MSS. as related to liis intended History of North- 
amptonshire, with an brass plates, prints, or draughts, relating 
to tl^ desiga j which were left as an heir-loom to his f^Mtv, 


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hy that able Antiquanr John Bridges^ Esq. of 
Barton Segrave, near, Kettering, who spent many 

tcr be committed to such person or persons as should be thought 

proper to canyon that design^ and to be kept locked up in a distinct 

firessand boxes. His eollection of books was so judicious^ that 

the catalogue of his library (sold after his death by Cock, during 

97 da^, each day in two jiorts, whicih produced 4000^.) is still 

vetained as valuable by every Collector. To the Catalogue was 

prefixed a print by A. Motte, of an oak felled^ and this motto, 

^pvoi wiffvani v»i wnp (vXivtrat -^an affecting memento to the 

collectors of great libraiies, who cannot or do not-leave them to 

iOme public accessible repository. The prints and books of 

prints, containing a fine collection of Hollar's Works, Nanteuil's, 

and Morin's heads, the antient and modem statues, buildings 

and ruins, &c. together with three famous MSS. mentioned in 

the last page of the printed Catalogue of books, were sold by 

Cock, March 24, 1725. To this latter sale, Humphrey Wanley 

alhides (see vol. I. p. 93.) A portrait of Mr. Bridges, taken by . 

Sir Godfrey Kneller in 1706, was engraved by Vertue in 1726 j 

and m the church of Barton Segrave he is thus recorded : 

" JoHANNEM Bridges, Armig. 

literarum et literatorum amantissimum, 

ingenti Librorum supellectili superbientem, 

et quaedam de patriis Anti(^uitatibu5 



in pulverem et terram diruere, 

ubi omnia ilia pereunt. 

Natus Binfieldise in agro Berk. 

Mortalitatb exuvias deposuit apud Hospit. Lincoln. 

anno Salutis 1724, aetatis 58. 

Hoc marmor sepulchrale 

Brook Bridges propriis sumptibus 

poni curavit, A.D. 1753." 

The Northamptonshire MSS. were (by his brother WiUiam, 
Secretary of the Stamp-office) put into the hands of Mr. Gibbons^ 
stationer and law-bookseller, at the Middle Temple-gate ; who 
circulated proposals for a subscription, and engaged Dr. Samuel 
Jebb, a learned physician at Stratford, ia Essex, to prepare it 
for publication in numbers. The fii"st number, printed in about 
foiu* years after, was succeeded by a second, making together 
160 pages, and containing the hundreds of Fawsley, Wardon, 
and Norton, with views of Daventry church and priory (now 
both pulled down), and Catesby monastery. Four pages more 
(containing the rectory of Green's Norton, alias Norton Davy, 
in the deanry of Brackley) were printed off as the beginning of a 
third niunbcr. These, with all the papers in Mt, Bowyer's 
hands, were delivered in 1742 to Mr. Gibbons > who afterwards 
becoming a bankrupt, the subscriptions could not be recovereil, 
and the work was discontinued. The greatest part of the plates, 


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years in collecting materials, and spared no expence 
in surveying every parish^ &c. Seven thousand 

•which had been engravetl (from accurate drawings made by the 
famousllllemansjwho was |>aidaguineaaday, and by other artists) 
were dispersed and sold, and few only were afterwards recovered. 
Toms the engraver had several ; and Mr. Rawlinson purchased 
ten^ now in the Bodleian library. Mr. New, F. S. A. had im« 
pressions of 20, and Dr. Ducarcl' of 16. Some views of Peter- 
borough minster, &c. were in the hands of Mr. Bathurst, book- 
seller^ as specimens. Many unengraved drawings, with the map 
of the county nearly finished by Thomas Eayre of Kettering, were 
in 1749 in the possession of Mr. Bridges*s executor, the Rev. 
Bnwke Bridges, of Sidney Sussex coUegd, Cambridge, rector of 
Orlingbury, Northamptonshire. In the MS library of the late 
Marquis cf Lansdown (No. 752) were, "Topographical Notes of 
Parishes in Northamptonshire, collected for the Use of John 
Bridges, Esq. of Barton Segrave, in that Coimty -," and also 
(No. 772, 773.) *' More particular Enquiries, containing an 
Account of 32 Parishes in Nortjiamptonshire, collected for John 
Bridges, Esq. 1719-20,*' 2 vols. 4to. (which are now in the llbraiy * 

of the British Musaitn). But the gresiter part of the collections 
remained with Dr. Jebb, who had received little or no compen- 
sation for his labour ; till, in 1755, the gentlemen of the Coun^ 
very spiritedly took up the business. The late excellent William 
Cartwright, of Aynho, esq. one of the County-members, advanced 
money to satisfy Dr. Jebb, and obtained possession of the M.SS. ; 
and a Committee was formed, of which Sir Thomas Cave was 
chairman, for the express purpose of conducting the publication. 
At an Assize-meeting, 1755, the Rev. Peter Whalley of Courteen« 
hall, and Mr. Benjamin Buckler, of All Souls (afterwai-ds D. D. 
and keeper of the archives at Oxford) a gentleman of abilities 
and general erudition, attended ; and Sir Thomas Cave recom- 
mended Dr. Ducarel. The general sense of the Committee was 
in favour of Mr. Buckler (who was to have had 600^ for his 
trouble) 3 and at the ballot Mr. Whalley had 5, Mr. Buckler had 4, 
and Dr. Ducarel 3 votes. The Committee were. Sir Edward Isham, 
and Sir Thomas Cave, harts. ; William Cartwright, Charles Comp- . 
ton, Ambrose Isted, and John Palmer, esqrs. ; Rev. Dr. Grey, 
Dr. Stonehouse, Rev. Messrs. Lockwood, Lye, Willes, and Wha- 
ley of Ecton. Mr. Buckler, after pei-usal, declined the work as 
too complicated. The materials were then entrusted to Mr. 
Whalley J by whom the compilation was formed, except what 
Dr. Jebb had drawn up, which wanted correction, as the whole 
did enlargement in biographical and other articles. The first 
164 pages wrere reprinted, and comprised in 150, exclusive of 
Sutton hundred, introduced before that of Norton. The fii^t 
volume appeared in 1762, and the first part of the second in 
1769 ; when a new delaj' arose, from the deaths of Sir Thomas 
Cave and most of the Committee, which became at last reduced 
to Sir TliQmas Cave (son of the former) and Sir William Dolben, 


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copies of his Proposals for printing the book 
(which were on a whole sheet, witli red letters in 

1)arts. The wOrk stopped at the University press at Oxford seven 
years > and Mr. Prince, being considerably out of pocket, applied 
to the gentlemen of the County at the Assizes, when it was re* 
sumed under a new Committee, and brought to a final issue. It was 
announced in January 1791 for delivery) as soon as Mr. Ayscough 
could prepare the index , which occasioned a delay of near nine 
months, during which it acquired several additional plates, and 
Mr. Faden*s general map, with the latest corrections -, and was 
delivered to the subscribers at the original price of four guineas. 
Vol. I. contains 12 plates, and a large map ; vol. II. 26 plates. 
In this number 38 are included five or six new ones, given just 
before publication. Those of Fotheringhay and Luffwick were . 
eontributed by J. Nichols ; who, jointly with Mr. Dash of Ket- 
tering, gave also the plate of Northamptonshire Tokens. A 
large collection of original drawings by Tillemans, Eayre, and 
Qthers, lay for some time at Mr. Payne's, at the Mews-gate, with 
a catalogue, for the inspection of tliose who might be disposed 
to contribute plates of their seats, or of any venerable remains 
of antiquity. Of all these a list is given in Gent. Mag. vol. LXI. 
p. 1129. — Mr.Whallcy deserves eveiy praise for arranging this 
mass of materials during the laborious engagement of superin- 
tending the grammar-school of Christ s Hospital. His retii«- 
ment to the living of Horley in Surrey, in the gift of the gover* 
nors of that Hospital, gave him. leisure to complete it j but an 
unfortunate derangement of his affairs, and the inattention of 
the gentlemen of the County, delayed it from 1779 (at the close 
of which year it was actually promised for publication) till 1791. 
Though we are left, however, to regret that a parochial visita* 
tion had not been repeated previous to the publication, as much 
information might certainly have been added ; yet, under all dis- 
advantages, Mr. Bridges's History of Northamptonshii^ is a 
notodel to all County Historians -, and it is heartily to be wished 
that some Native may be found, heir to his skill and public spirit, 
and meet with due encouragement to continue the labours of 
Mr. Bridges. I have many materials for the purpose ; which ghouU 
not be withheld from any one qualified for the task. 

William Bridges, esq. secretaiy to the Stamp-office, married 
Martha daughter of Robert Hart, of Brill, co. Berks, ^q. by 
whom he bad one son, John Bridges, esq. of Barton Segrave ; 
who married Maigaretta Horton of Gumky, and died in July 

Peter UliaUey was bom Sept. 2, 1722, at Rugby, in the county 
of Waru'ick, sdthough his &ther, Richard Whalley, was of an 
uitient Northamptonshire fruoaily. He was admitted at Merchant 
Taylors school, in London, January the loth, 1731 ^ whence, on 
June 11, 1740, he was elected scholar of St. John's college^ Ox« 
ford 5 and three years after admitted fellow. After quitting the 
tJniversity^ he became vicar of St Sepulchre, Northampton. In 


Digitized by 


17370 'nit EIGRTEEMTH CEMTURT. 109 

the title-page) were circulated in 1735, and sixteen 
hundred and fifty more in 1737 * ; the subscription 
four guineas. 

« Wotton's Short View 4- of Geoi^ Hickes's 
Grammatical; Critical^ and Archeological Treasury 

1766 he applied to the Corporation of London^ to succeed Dr. 
Krch in the rectoiy of St Margaret Pattens ; and in his addiess 
to them said^ ** I have neither curacy nor lectureship, but a small 
country vicarage, whose dear annual income is under seventy 
pounds, and which, if I merit your indulgence, will be necessarily 
void." He t>btained this rectory Feb. 5, that year ; and afterwards ^ 
added to it the vicarage of Horley in Surrey, He took the de- *" 
gree' of B. C. L. Jan. S9, 1768 -, aiid in the October following was 
chosen master of the grammar-school of Christs Hospital, which 
he resigned in 1776, but afterwards accepted that of St. Olave, 
and acted as a justice of the peace in the Borough. He was the 
author of, I.'* An Eflsay on the Manner of writing History, Lond 
1746," 8vo, contaiuing28 pages; 2. ''An Enquiry into the Learn^ 
ing dr Sbaluqpeare, with Remarks on several Passages of his Plays, 
174s," 8vo> 3. '^A Vindication of the Evidences and Authenticity 
of the Gospels from the Objections of the late Lord Bolingbroke^ 
in his Letters on tlie Study of History, 175S, ' 8vo ; 4. ''An Edition 
of the Works of Ben Jonson^ with Notes, 1756," 7 vols. 8vo ^ which 
he had long since revised, and prepared for a new edition (the 
xnateriak for which passed into the hands of Mr. Waldron, the 
ingenious continuator of " The Sad Shepherd, 1783.") '5. " A 
Sermon preached at St. Sepulchre s, Northampton, on the Fast- 
day, Feb. 17, 1758," 8¥0; 6. " The Institution of Public Chari- 
ties; a Seimon preached at Christ's Hospital, Sept. 21, 1763, 
before the Governors of the several Royal Hospitals, 1763," 4to ^ 
7. " Sermon before the Sons of the Clergy, at St. Paul's, May 17, 
1770," 4to. Mr. Whalley was also author of a Copy of Verses 
prefixed to Hervey's " Meditations >" and, before he went abroad, 
took in subscriptions, at a guinea each, for a quarto History of 
the several Royal Hcnpitals of London. 

* I mention the number of Pioposals that were printed, as at 
that period an extraordinary circumstance -, and the more so, as 
acarcely any of them are now to be ipet with. After repeated 
inquiries, I have never seen a single copy of them. 

f " Dr. Wotton's * Conspectus brevis' was translated into 
English by Mr. Sbelton for lus own improvement, and published 
to shew that one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace may hav« 
sense and a taste for learning. Farther Use of the publication wa 
know not $ for those who seek after this or any other sort of 
knowledge will have recourse to the originals." Mr. Rome Bfores. 
— ^Mr. Cktrke says, ^' I am so much surprized at tha atchievement 
of your friend in SujBTolk, tliat I know not what to say to it. He 
must surely have a. great love for translation, to think of under- 
taking such a work;- or perhaps he might imagine that it would. 

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110 LITERARY ANSCD0T£8 OF [1737- 

of the antient Northam Languages; ^with some 
Notes, by a Lover of the antient Northern Literature^ 

give liim a considerable figure among his Bitethren of the Quorum, 
and shew that he was acquainted with our laws in their first ori- 
ginal, and able to take them, as Ralpho did first matter, ail 
alone, before one rag of form was on, I believe Dr. Wotton never 
thought of making any improvements to this work, and might 
possibly believe that it wanted none. He made a present of it 
to Dr. Hlckes> as a compliment for the great psuns he had tkken 
in opening a way to the Northern Literature. I have some le^ 
ters of Dr. Hickes's by me j but I think none of them worth 
printing 5 besides, they have all of them some little private affairs 
not worth communicating to the publick. Dr. Hickes took care 
of the impression; and the notes (which I believe is. a secret) are 
all his, except those upon the Saxon coins by Mr. Thwaites. 
This Dr. Hickes had no mind to have known, that it might not 
look too much like pufiing ; and therefore they have been gene- 
rally quoted for Di% Wotton*s, as in Waterland*s ^ History of the 
Athanasian Creed/' p. 139, second edition. By this you will see, 
that Dr. Wotton could never think of any additions to this work ; 
it was carefully examined by the author of the Thesaurus, and made 
such as he would have it ; a little sketch of his design, to raise 
the cmiosity of the readei* to fiaiither inquiries, or (as you would 
say in the Trade) to call-in customei's. It would 1>e of no use to 
let your Mend in SufiPolk be acquainted with this secret, who 
perhaps would like the work never the better for thinking Dt, 
Hickes had such a hand in it As to the question about hmes. 
Dr. Hickes (as you know) had taken much pains to shew that 
compurgators and juries did (as he expresses it) toio cosh differre; 
and for no other reason that I can see, but because juries were 
antiently used in Scandinavia, and were in some respects dif- 
ferently modeled from the old. compurgators 5 but I still think, 
that the Welsh laws have a manifest agreement between them in 
so many particulars, that the original of juries must be accounted 
for in that manner. It is of no use to enquire, whether the cus- 
tom of using compurgators had its original firom the civil or the 
canon law. That, from the seventh century downwards, com- 
purgators were universally made use of wherever the feudal law 
prevailed, is very evident from those laws mentioned in Ina's laws 
693, and in Lothaire and £dric*8 673 ; [see Feud. lib. I. tit. iv. 
sect. S. and tit. x. and tit. xxvi. sect. 1.] And what is more 
oi>servable in these laws, the number of compurgators is ex- 
pressly fixed to twelve 3 DahUur ei drfensio cum duodecim sacra^ 
ynentalibus. And the same number was frequentiy intrbduced 
ampng all those nations whose laws were finrmed upon the feudal 
customs, as Lombards, Alemans, &c. But the Saxons, thinking 
it not so reasonable that the same number of compurgators 
should be necessary in all cases, ordered that the number 
should di&r accord^g to the natuiib and importancb of the 
question controverted. Si quis regis mini$trum homicidii incuset, 


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and an Appendix to the Notes, faithfully and intirdy 
translated into English from the Latin Original^ 

n se purgare audeat, fadat hoc xii minisiris regis. Si quk tmtem 

nimsirum ineuset, qui vUnoris cognationis {%,€. conditioiiisj «tf 

quam miniiOer regis, purgabit se per xi sui aquales, €t tmum r^it 

fidnistrum [i.e. duodecim sacramentalibus inferioris ordiais]. £f 

iia in qualibbt lite qvuB major, est qvMtuor mancuHs, fi. e. sofi* 

(lis 24.) L^. Sax. p. 47, sect. 3. If the thing in question, or 

the damage sustained, was valued at above four marks, th«i 

twelve compurgators were necessary; if not> a less number were 

sufficient. And, to guard more ^ectually against fraud and 

peijury, tlie Saxons introduced two sorts of compurgat(»B Co 

determine the same question, called the greatar and lesser oath* 

How this was, is indeed not fully explained in what remains <il 

the Saxon constitutions ; but among the Welsh, who had the 

same custom, it is very clear. The greater oath consisted of 

compurgators who were gentlemen; the lesser oath, of compur* 

gators of ordinary condition. Their number was genera% dw 

same, but the i&ture of their oath different; the gentlemen were 

to Bweac that the defendants oath appear to them most proba- 

bkj the common people, that they believed the defendant's tme; 

and with this mG»t remarkable difference, that the oath of the 

hsser compui^tors, unless all their number agreed in it, was d 

no force; but the oath of the greater compurgators was valid if a 

majority of their number agreed in it. There was therefore 

among these compurgators almost every custom that is reinark- 

able among our grand and petty juries. They were called so, 

not from the number of the jiirors, or the nature of jtheir office, 

but from the condition of the persons who served in them ; their 

verdict or oath was exactly correspondent to that of the juries 

now in use; for, in the velvet of & petty jury, all of them must 

be agreed ; but the grand jury can accuse or acquit the party* 

though all of them should not agree in their opinion. Why 

therefoi-e must the origin^ of juries be ascribed to William the 

Conqueror ? or what did he do that could entitle him to be tho 

author of them ? Why he fixed them to the number xii, and 

not less ; for grand juries are how (I bdBieve) always more than 

twelve. [Delatoria excedat duodecim quoties Judici placuertt ', 

noo autem deficiat, ut in quibusdam alils juratis inquisitwriis,} 

Was not twelve (or nvore than twelve) frequently, though not 

constantly, the number of compurgators in the Saxon times } 

and was it not the original ntunber in the old feudal laws ? But 

the Normans, though by no means the authcsns of this custoflB^ 

acted very politicly in the management of it. Compuigaton 

(for any thing that appears to the contrary) might be any per* 

sons of a proper rank, whom the defendant cotiid procure to 

appear and .iwear for him. This did not so well answer tho 

Norman purposes in their first settlements here; the Saxons 

would have succeeded much better in their civil disputes with 

them, than it was intended they should, if the old custom of tho 


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by Maurice Shelton^ of Bamingham hall in the 
County of Suffolk^ esq. one of his Majesty's Justices 

defendants finding his compurgators bad continued ; they were 
therefore from this period placed in the nomination of the Crown^ 
and by that means the Normans had a greater influence upon 
them. This I take to be the true state of the case with regard 
to juries. Juries and sacramentalea are not supposed to be ex- 
actly the same, but only as £Bither and son, of one orighnal -, and 
as to Welsh antiquities, they only help to clear some of our 
antient customs with relation to compurgators^ and make vA 
understand their office better; they prove nothing as to the 
point itself. Spelman's observations about the different extent 
of power in grand and petty juries, is a mistake 3 there is now 
no such difference, whatever there was in his time. As to the 
compurgators being provided, or summoned by the defendant, 
it is of no moment ; they tried the cause> just as^ our jiuies do, 
i. e. it was determined by their oath or verdict What Dr. Wood 
says may be very tioie, that he knows no law that obliges a grand 
juror to be a freeholder 5 yet 1 believe they are always gentlemen; 
though by no other law now, but antient and perpetual usage. 
[See p. 16'0.] Juries in an assize upon a Writ of Right were 
always liberi homines. [Gianr. 1. ii. c. 11. L ix. c. 7. vol. H. p.Jl.] 
But Dr. Hickes*s account of them is ceitainly very wrong : In ea 
maxime differunt [i.e. oompurgatores et juratores] quodnumerus 
co>npuv§aiQTum incertus erat, ut qui augeri sokbat pro rei vel 
caus<!: qtue agebatur momento ; et pro numero conioja-canenlaltttm 
quijurabaat compurgatio majus vel minus sacramenium dictum est. 
[IHss. Epist. p. 35.3 The first part of this account \a plainly 
confrited by the Saxon laws, and the latter by the Welsh. A^d 
it is ridiculous to look for our customs among the old planters 
of Scandinavia, where there is no sort of histoid before the tenth 
century, when we can so readily account for these customs from 
the feudal laws. [Hialmar. And Feudal Laws first written 
under Fred. I. A. D. 1158.] I think it is high time to dismiss 
the juries ; but, before 1 have done with Dr. Hickes, 1 think you 
might take notice that his fixing the Saxon pound always at lx 
shillings, and the shilling always at v pence, is undoubtedly a 
mistake. Silver in the Saxon times was not always of the same 
value : when it was the highest, v pence made a shilling, and 
XLViii shillings a pound ; when it was lower, iv ponce made a 
shilling, and lx shillings a pound. The weight of the penny 
was probably the same in both cases, butthfe value lessened in 
the latter ; and as the weight of their penny was not diminished, 
there was no other method of accommodating it to the value of 
silver, but by raising or lessening the value of the penny. Unless 
this (Uflferent proportion of the penny to the shilhifig be allowed 
of, the computations of money in the Saxon laws cannot be ac« 
counted for. Bishop Fleetwood [Chron. Pret. p. ^9], to remove 
this difficulty, was for altering the text of the laws 5 but, with* 
out taking 150 unwarrantable a liberty, altering the value of the 


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17370 '^^ EIGHTEENTH GENTUHy. 113 

of the Peace for the said County, &c* Author 
of the First Edition. To which are added, by 
the same Translator, other curious and proper 
Notes for 9, farther Illustration of the Text ; a short 
Appendix of Notes of Correction, &c. and a Dedi- 

peoBv clears all ihe difficulties. This might be another note 
upon p. 61^ of the Conspectus.'* 

Letter from Mr. Clarke to Mr. Bowyer, witkout date, 
'' Natli^r of the gentlemen (p. 159) write with tliat clearness 
and precision that they would have done^ if they had really been 
right. As to gentlemen, I have been told that the late Sir Gregory 
l%e had throe East India bonds of 100,000^ each. I suppose 
if beiiad had no title, nor an inch of fineehold, but lived in hired 
houses suited to bis fortune, nobody would have questioned his 
gentility, or doubDed bis fitness for being on a grand jiuy; and 
as to freemen, they may be totally dircrent firom freeholders, 
though the confusion of them is very common. The excellent 
Dr. Bum (Westm. p. 31), describing ' a set of tenants in pure 
viflenage, who were bound to the lord, as members of, and an- 
nexed to, the manor, and usually sold with the iarm to which 
they belonged* (cum eomm corporibus et eorum tequelis is the 
very term, now applied only to cattle, as a mare or cow with its 
follower, i. e. the young one), adds, ' It was in contradiction to 
these, tluit the others [tenants] tyere caUed/ree j which observa- 
tion oughtr especially to be noted, otherwise we shall fall into 
great confii^on in abundance of instances ; for wherever fre€ 
men, free tenants, or free holders are mentioned of old time, by 
these are not to be underqXood what we now call free holders, 
but only that they were not villans or bondmen. All our mili« 
tary ancestors within the sc^'eral customary manors are styled free 
tenants, but the lands \^ercjiot^ee hold [to them] accordii^ to 
the modem acceptation of the word.* The same leanied writer^ 
p. 15, transcribes from Littleton the form of performing homage, 
which was the most honourable [i. e. the least dishonourable] 
service, and most humble service of reverence, that 9, free tenant 
can do to his lord, ftc. &c. &c. Fealty was a much lower cere- 
mony, and yet done by a free tenant, &c. &c. See the form in 
tlie same place. It is probable, from the universality of these 
tenures fonnerly, that if these iinee tenants (who had sworn foalty 
to their lord) had been thereby disqualified from appearing on 
grand juries, that no fM^d j^iy could ever have been composed, 
as people of all ranks noid under one another. Witness the King 
of Scotland to our Khig for the earldom of Cumberland, and our 
King to France for Normancfy. We now, therefore, see that 
homiaes might be Uberi, thofugh they performed homage and fealty 
to ochefb for their lands,, and might not necessarily have an inch 
offireehold of their own; yet they were probably capable of being 
on juries of any kind. In general, the liberi hommet would possess 
thefieeholdland; but they might be free tenants without it" T.F. 

Vol. IL I cation 

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cation to thcf Right Honourable James R^molds^ esq. 
Lord Chief Baron of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer 
at Westminster. The second edition*, with emen- 
dations and large additions^ besides a Preface and 
a general Index, by the same Translator." This 
volume (" useful to Divines, Lawyers, Historians, 
Antiquaries, and all Lovers of Polite Learning'') was 
beautifully printed, in a laige quarto, on a fine Genoa 
mper, " adorned with Cuts, artfully engraven by 
Geoige Vertue -f-. Price bound 10*." 

* The first edition was in a single 8vo volume of only 179 page?, 
printed far C. Rlvington, at the Bihle and Crown in St. P^ul*s 
church-yard, 1718. Both editions are anonymous. — " If this se- 
cond edition takes better with the world than the first, so as to run 
off with a quick sale, the Author intends to offer in due time, 
in some of the best newspapers. Proposals for printing by sub- 
scription (and without one he will not undertake it) an English 
TVanslation of Dr. Hickes's Epistolary Dissertation to the late 
fiunous Lawyer Sir Bartholomew Shower; a piece that ought to 
be recommended to the perusal of all gentlemen and lawyers, 
antiquaries, and historians, in that there is to be found in it 
a great deal of good learning, on the antiquities of the laws of 
England, wrote on purpose for the honour of our laws, and for 
the use of the professors of it -, and if the Author should meet 
Witli proper encouragement for the undertaking of it, he pro- 
miseth to perform it with the utmost fidelity and acouracyV* 
St Jame^s Evening Post, Sept ««, 1737. 

I have now before me an autxigraph of Mr. Shdton, affixed to 
a formal discharge for ever to Mr. Bowyer, " for all manner of 
books, papers, and preparationsthereof, nowor lately in his custody." 

f An anonymous oi^vo print by Mr. Vander Gucht is su- 
perscribed, in the hand-writing of T. Martin, " Maurice Shcl- 
ton, of Bamingham, Suffolk. Arms in a circle. Azure, a crosg 
Or ; supporters, two talbots ; crest, a Saracen's head ; motto. 
Re badute, and Thoh, — ^This print was prefixed to the second 
edition of Mr. Shelton's ''Essay on Nobility, in^ vfa]s. Svo. Lon- 
don, printed for the Author, 17^." 

Baniingham hall was purchased by the Duke of Grafton, from 

Maurice Shelton (the last of a feonily which, by Blomefield's 

Mstoirv of Norfolk, appeiirs to have be^Mciany years oi eminence 

ill that county). His tomb in Shelton^mirch is tliua inscribed : 

" Here lies the body of Maurice Shelton, Esq. 

late of Bamii^ham-hall in Su£ft)lk $ 

the last Male Hdr of hb Fandly 5 

died the 31st of May, 1749 5 

aged 65 years." 

He had b^en twice married. The first wife was buried in Bam- 

mgham churchy the second (who survived him) in Coney 

Westqn chuich. 

Digitized by Google" ^" . 


^^ An Epistle to Mr. Pope, in Anti-lieroicJcs. [By 
Lord Paget*]," 

" A Practical Grammar of the English Tongue : 
or, a rational and easy Introduction to speaking and 
writing English correctly and properly ; peculiarly 
adapted to the Nature and Genius of toe Language^ 
and free from the liard and unnecessary Terms of 
the Latin Rudiments. The whole treated of in 
expressive Terms and familiar Style, and An the 
most natural and instructive Method, viz. that of 
Question and Answer. Designed for the Use erf 
Schools ; and, though calculated chiefly for the 
Use of the Fair Sex, and such as require only an 
English Education, may yet be an useful Foundation 
for those who are designed for higher Studies^ By 
William Loughton, Schoolmaster at Kensington. 
The second edition, with improvements, in a neat 
pocket volume, beautifully pnnted on a good foipex 
and large character -f-.** 

^ A new and accurate Method of delineating all 
the Parts of the different Orders in Architecture^ 

* Th<nDa9 Catesby^ lord Paget, son of Henry first Eail ot 
Uxbridge, by Mary, daughter and coheir to Thomas Gatesby, esq. 
of Whiston in Northamptonshire. He was M. P. for Stafford^ 
1714 and 17^ ; lord of the bed-chamber to the Prince of 
Wales ; andv on his accession to the throne as Geoigie II. was 
continued in the same post. He died at Drayton, near Uxbridge, 
in January 1743, about 18 months before his fiather , so that he 
Is to be Tegaiflctl as one of those presumptive Peers whom Lord 
Orford has " called up by writ.'* He wa.^ author of '' Ail Essay 
on human Ufe^" in verse, 17>'$4, 8vo. (of which t}fie third edition 
was published in 1786, 8vo. and 19mo.) ; of " SOme Beflections 
upon the Administiution of Government, 1740j" and of other 
poems and essays, ull which be collected into one volume, 8vo,* 
1741, but printed only a few copies to give away. Of this Col- 
lection, now become extremely rare, Mr. Bindley possesses » 
copy. See P^k's ^jkyon of tlie Royal and Noble Authors, 
vol. IV. p. 178. ^^ 

t Price U, 6d. bound, with allowances to school-masters, and 
those who buy a number : now read with universal approbation^ 
and is the best and cheapest of its kind. 

UniverMd Spectator, Feb. 26, 1736-7- 

See " The Progress of Language, a Poetical Essay j to Mr. Wil- 
liam London, School-master at Kensington, on his Practical 
Gnounar of the finglish Tongue ; ' Gent. Mag, vol. IX. p. 655. 

12 bv 

Digitized by 



by Means of a well-cpntrived, and most easily- 
managed Instrutifient; whereon the just Proportions 
of the pHncipal Members, and of their several Parts, 
are so disposed, as wholly to avoid the Difficulty of 
the Fractional Parts that .usually attend these Opera- 
tions. Englished from the original Italian of Ottavio 
Revesi Bruti, by Thomas Malie, Gent. In folio, 
illustrated with 51 Copper Plates, and dedicated to 
the Right Honourable the Earl of Burlington. 
Printed for Fletcher Gyles, over-against Gray's-Iiin, 
Holbom; and Thomas Heath, Mathematical-In- 
stniment Maker, next the Fountain-Tavern- in the 
Strand. — N. B. There are a few printed on large 
paper for the Curious.** 

" Bibliotheca Ratcliffiana/' a single sheet. 

On the 27th of December, 1737 *, Mr. Bowyer 
lost his fatl^r, at the age of 74 ; and it is evident, 
from his scattered papers -f-, that he severely fielt the 
affliction ; applying to himself the beautiful apo- 
trophe of ^Slneas to Anchises : 

'^ Hie me, pater optime, fessum 
Deseris, heu ! tantis nequicquam erepte perklis.** 
His friend Mr. Clarke, on this melancholy event, 
again addressed to him an excellent letter of sym- 
pathy and consolation : 

" DEAR SIR, Uckfield, 1738. 

" I SAW lately, by mere acicident, in the news- 
papers, that Mr. Bowyer was dead ;}: ; and am very 


* In the July of the same year, he had lost his aunt Dawks 
(widow of the weH-knot^n printer of Dawk$'s Newif-LetterJ, who 
made, him her executor. She was buried at Low Leyton, and 
left some small legacy to a nwnber of poor old women there -, 
and 51. to the poor of St. Andrew Wardrobe. 

t In one of these, endorsed " Cash lajti^ffat, 1737*B, after the 
death of my father, who left no will, but given by W. B. his son, 
ch'^fly at his own discretion/* it appears that Mr. Bowyer gave 
100/. to Mr. Wallis, whQ had married hb only sister ; and ^01. 
to Mr. BettenhaiUs who bad married his half-sister. He also paid 
Mr. Wallis 201. 4s. for mourning rings; and the funeral ex* 
pences were Sfl- lOt. at that time no small sum. 

t In a fbrmer letter, dated Dec. 14, 17S7, Mr. Clarke says, 
" Though I have ^d nothing to you since your lirst melancholy 


Digitized by 



sensible of the great concern that you are under 
U[)on that account. It is a natural, I believe I 
mi^ht say, a desirable infirmity ; they who feel no 
affliction at the loss of their friends, can have had 
no pleasure in the enjoyment of them. A person 
whom you have been so long used to look upon 
with love and reverence must, at bidding you fare* 
well for ever, raise some sorrowful sentiments, not 
to be easily suppressed. I wish it wa» my good 
fortune to have an opportunity of being with you 
upon this occasion. Not that I could be of the 
least use, or could say any thing which you have not 
heard and thought of in a much better manner a 
thousand times before. But I should like to find 
you so much alone, to see you planning out new 
scenes of life, or pleasing yourself with the prosuects 
of those that will succeed when life is over. — ^Pliny 
has observed upon the loss of one of his old friends 
(I do not remember whom), * That nothing that he 

account of Mr. Bowyer^s illness, yet I have been but too sensible 
of the coDcem and anxiety it must give you. My own fears have 
tauglit me, in a neiu^r relation, what yours must have Suggested 
upon such an occasion. Mr. Bowyer*9 oompUdnts are such as are 
most probaUy incurable ; and at his age the strongest of us must 
expect something that will place us among the incurables. Nor 
do I think that alone^ unless attended with great pain, to be 
one of the most afflicting circumstances : 

" '' For evils tliat are knovm, 
, There's certain remedy; for doubt, there's none." 
When we are taking leave' of our friends, we arc apt to look 
upon them in the tendertst light that our rclatiop to them can 
place us : we consider the value of our loss, without reflecting 
upon the miseries we have had in 9ot losing it much sooner. U 
is good-nature that makes us feel our aSlictions much sharper j 
and it must be good sense, or, what is much better, good prin- 
ciples of Religion, that must teach us how to bear them. Your 
frienda will be priinnf^ that you are already in the hands of 
the reij best comforters -, and 1 dare say; if we should wish that 
your son should not lose his £ither till he was as well prepared 
for it, you would think it a very friendly and affectionate wish ; 
and surely such an event as vou think your son ought not to 
make too great an affliction ox, should be looked upon with the 
ftamc evenness of mind by you. I wish all of you happy in one 
another while you stay here } and I think then we have nothing 
more to wish^ but to leave the rest to God/' 

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had ever heard or read upon such occasions could 
give him any relief; his sorrow was superior to all 
usual consolations.* — ^Though I am always a little 
apt to suspect the sentiments of such professed witsr, 
as not quite sincere, rather delicate than just ; vet, 
if the ohservation was true, it must be cart-ied no 
fitrther than the first natural impressions ; 'nothing 
new that could be said could have more weight with 
him than what had been said fen thousand times 
ever. I own there is something in the glitter of a 
new thought, like that of a new coin ; it of course 
catches our attention for some 'moments, and we 
view it perhaps in two or three different lights ; 
but, when that is over, we lay no more value upon 
it, or believe that it has really any more weight, 
than the coins of former princes : it is just so with 
our thoughts; they may lose something of their 
lustre, by being given and taken so often ujx)n 
common occasions, but their real value is the same. 
" I am writing this at Mr. Lloyd's ; a visit that 
of late always gives me some concern: he wears 
apace, declines visibly ; i. e. he is doin^ the vjery 
thing that we must all of us soon do after him. His 
distemper may perhaps let hin> live many years; but 
in sucn a manner as to be too sensibly affected with 
the pains of living. If such afflictions are made 
truly useful to the interests of another life, they are 
in that view desirable visitations ; but, when that is 
done, their friends should not shew any over-great 
impatience .at parting with them. I hope Tom * is 
with you ; he will be one of your best companions : 
I should be pleased to see him, as no doubt he is a 
much greater philosopher than his father ; and that 
you may not leave hiui till you cap do it with the 
same satisfaction that your father has now done, is 
what I truly wish, who am, with the greatest 

Your most affectionate, W. Clarke.'* 

* Mr. Bowycr's son, then only seven years oM. 

n I The 

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The Literary History of this period will be illustrated 
by the following advertisement : 

'^ The associates of the late Dr. Bray, as Trustees for 
founding Parochial Libraries, in pp^anly endowed Cures, 
haring last year advertized the publick of the usefulness 
and importance of that Trust (which had the sanction of 
an Act of Parliament in the reign of the late Queen Anne), 
and of the progress they had been enabled to make, dp 
hereby give notice; that, since July 175JO, they have; 
erected in Great Britain and the Plantations, twenty 
three libraries, larger and smallef ; ^t there aie<iTCr« 
quent and repeated demands for, many «i6re socli li- 
braries, from places where they^ are greatly 'waiited|. 
and where, the Trustees apprehend, much good 
might be done by those means ; but, that their, funds^ 
which depend entirely on charitable donationsi bein^ 
quite exhausted, they are at present disabled from mak- 
ing any farther advances, in what has ever been esteemed 
by wise and good men, to be an excellent and most 
necessary work. Such, therefore, as incline to cou-*^ 
tribute either money or books for promoting this good 
purpose, may lodge their benefactions with, or by 
letter signify their intentions to any of the* follow- 
ing Trustees; viz. the Right llonourable the Earl of 
Egmonty in Pall Mall ; the Hon. James Vernou, esq. in 
Grosvenor^street ; William Belitba, esq. at Ktngfton- 
upon-Thames; the Rev. Dr. Hales, at Teddington, neap 
Hampton Court ; the Rev. Mr. Burton, fellow of Eton* 
college, at Eton ; the Rev. Mr. Bedford, at Haber- 
dashers' Hospital at Hoxton ; the Rev. Mr. Smith, rec- 
tor of Allhallows on London-wall ; and Mr. Adam An- 
derson, on Clerkenwell Green.-^N. B. Donors may, as 
they please, limit their benefactions to any particular 
place or parish.'* 

1738. - 

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Among the books of this year stand foremost two 
editions of a work of no small consequence in the 
typographical annals of Mr. Bowyer; the first* v6-' 
lume of ^* The Divine Legation of Moses demon- 
strated^ on the Principles of a Religious Deist, 
from the Omission of the Doctrine of a Future 
State of Rewards and Punishments in the Jewish 
Dispensation. In Six Books. By William War- 
burton, A.M. Author of The Alliance between 
Church and State^^ 8vo. This volume contained 
the three first books :[;. 

'* Faith working by Charity to Christian Edifica- 
tion, a Sermon preached at the last Episcopal 
Visitation for Conhrmation in the Diocese of Lin- 

* Thb volume was first publish^ \n January 1737-8 5 and in 
March appeared *' A Vindication of- the Authcw of the Divine 
Lti^tioh of MooeSf &c. from the Aspersions of the Country Qer- 
gyznan'* Letter in the Weekly Miscellany of Feb.24> 1737-8." — ► 
Tlie second edition of *' The Divine Legation** was published in 
Noveml^, lf38, 

. t Of whipb ^ee before, p. 83. — Some farther account of this 
veiy eminent Divine will be ^iven in the *' Essays and Illustra- 
tions," in vol. V. No. XI. ' 

t I^ "Che interval between the first and second edition? of this 
'tk>lulno Mr. Bowyer received the following acknowledgment of 
a^hterary civility which he had shew^ to the Author: 

*^Z>£AR SIR,' Newark^, June 24, 1738. 

'' I AM extremely obliged to you for a sight of the inclosed, 
and esteem it for the most obliging act of friendship, for which 
I have the greatest acknowledgements. As to tli letter, the 
writer of it seems neither to luive an inclination to be pleased^ 
nor a knowledge of the subject. Of all the paiticulars he mea> 
tions I hold him mistaken, except in the quotation of Hiero* 
phanta, &c. -, and this was occasioned by dropping a quotation or 
two which were to foUow in that very note, that would have 
cleared up the passage, as you will see : for I was in a great 
hurry^ not having so much as composed half the book, when the 
other half was gone to the press. I repeat it again, that 1 hold 
my self extremely obliged to you for this fiaivour 5 and am, dear 
sir, your very aflcctionate, humble servant, W. W. 

'^The favour of heaiing from you, on this or any othef occa- 
sion, will be always very acceptable; and no one's thoughts 
will have a greater weight with me than your own, in whom 
Ihave experienced so much candour^ goodness, and learning.'* 


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coin ; with a Preface, shewing the Reasons of its 
Publication ; and a Postscript, occasioned by some 
Letters lately published in ^ The Weekly Miscel* 
lany/ By W. Warburton, A. M. Chaplain to his 
Royal Hi|fhnes9 the Prince of Wales." 

The third and fourth volume of Bp. Atterbury's ♦ 
Sermons, 8vo. 

The second edition, with large additions, of 
^^ The Civil Law in its natural Order. Together 
with the Public Law. Written in French by Mon-r 
sieur Domat, the late French Kings Advocate ia 
the Presidial Court of Clermont in France, and 
translated into EngHsh by William Strahan, LL.D. 
Advocate in Doctors Commons. With additional 
Remarks on some material Differences between the 
Civil Law and the Law of England." Beautifully 
printed in 2 vols, folio, upon a superfine paper. 

In August 1738, on his return from America, 
MnWbitefield published, complete -f, from tha 
Original, price Six-pence, with' a short Preface, 
shewing the reasons of its publication, *^ A Journal 
of a Voyage from London to Savannah in Georgia, 
In Two Parts. Part L from London to Gibraltar* 
Part IL from Gibraltar to Savannah. By George 
Whitefield, A. B. of Pembroke College, Oxford. 
Printed for James Hutton, at the Bible and Sun, 
next the Rose Tavern, without Temple Bar.'* 

*^ Thankfulness for Mercies received ; a Farewell 
Sermon, preached bn board the Wbitaker, at An- 
chor near Savannah in Georgia." 

Several editions of Mr. Whitefield's Sermons on 
'^ Religious Societies'* and '^ Self-denial.*' 

* See an admirable character of Bp. Atterbury as a Preacher 
in the Tatler ; as a Poet, Gent. M;^. vol. VIJI. p. 522 j and a . 
▼ery just one at large (from BosweirB Method of Study) in 
Gent. Mag. vol.L. p. 113. — Of his personal histoiy the Author 
of these volumes has given a full account^ in the tilth volume of 
the Bishop s Epistola^ Conespondence, edit. \7^S, 

t A spuriouB edition had been advertised by T. Cox, witli an 
assurance that ha edition was genuine See tlie Weekly Miscel- 
lany, Au^. 11, 1738^ and Londun Evening Post^ Aug. 10 and 
Aug.Slt 175^8. , 

; :. *^The 

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" ITie almofit Christian ; a Sermon preached by- 
Mr. Whitefield at the Parish^hurch of St. John 

)f Justification by Christ; a Sermon preached 
by Mr. Whitefield at the Parish Church of St. An^ 

** The heinous Sin of profane Cursing and Swear- 
ijig; or the common Suearer detestable in the Sight 
of God and Man*. By Mr. Whitefield." 

" The great Duty of Family Religion; or Joshua's 
Resolution wortliy the Imitation of every Master 

* Some memoirs of Mr. MTiitcfleld, principally on his own 
authority, have been given in p. 98 : but the number of his 
Sermons printed by Mr. Bowyer in 1738 may be an excuse for 
enlarging on the circumstance of the popularity which with the 
most astcmishing rapidity be attained. His iddmt as a preacher 
was at Gloucester in 1736; at Bristol in 1737; and by the begin- 
ning of 1739 he had displayed his talents in the pulpits of many 
of ti&e largest churches in the Metropolis and its neighbourhood; 
and in some particular parishes, -where his interest was not suf- 
ficient to obtain the use of the church> he held forth on tho 
tombostones in the church-yard. This 1 know to have been the 
case at Islington ; where the novelty was so attractive, that the 
then incumbent. Dr. Stoneh'ouse, had to kment the temporary 
desertion of the greater part, of his iibok^ a circumstance which 
he took so deeply to heart that it was thought to have hastened 
his deatlv — ^The Sermons which Mr, Whitefield printed were- 
purchased with the greatest avidity. His portrait was multi- 
plied by various c(Anpetijtors y andliis assistance was requested 
by the benevolent General Oglethorpe, whom he accordingly 
accompanied to Georgia; preaching constantly during the 
voyage, and in all places where be had the opportimity, till his 
return in 1738, when he published a Jomnal cf his Voyage (s^ 
p. 121), which, like his portrait, was eagerly contended for by 
rival publishen. — In the year 1739 a small volume of his 
Sermons was published by C. Davis, apparently by authority^ 
with the Head of the Author, under the title of " The Doc- 
trines of the Gospel a^jserted and vindicated, in Eighteen ge- 
nuine Sermons, upon the following Subjects j viz. 1. Of Jus&- 
cation by Christ. 2. The Almost Christian. 3. The Extent and 
Reasonableness of Self-Denial. 4. The Necessity and Benefits of 
Religious Societies. 5. intercession every Christian's Duty. 
6. The Great Duty of Family Religion. 7. The heinous Sin 6f 
profane Cursing and Swearing. 8. Thankfulness for Mercies 
received, a necessary Duty. 9. The Etemitv of Hell-Torments. 
10. Directions how to hear Sermons. 11. tVorldly Business no 
Plea for Neglect of ReKgion. 12. The Marks of the New Birth. 
13. The Bower of Christ's Resurrection. 14. The Duty of 


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of a Family; preached by Mr. Whitefield at the 
Parish Church of St Vedast, Foster-Lane/* 

searching the Scriptures. 15. Satan's Devicds. 16. Th^ Know, 
ledge of Jesus Chxist the best Knowledge. 17. The heinous Sin 
of Drunkenness. IS. The Holy Ghost the Privilege of all Be* 
lievera now, as well as formeriy." — " When Religion is attacked 
on all sides ; by the openly prophane, such as make a mock at 
sin, and set the Almighty at defiance 3 by professed Atheists, those 
fools tliat say there is no God j by the miserly Worldling, who 
makes hif Religion truckle to his avarice -, by the false Hyjio* 
crite, who assumes a shew of godliness, merely to sene some 
mean and selfish puqxise : since, I say. Religion is thus hardly 
beset j it is presumed that an attempt to vindicate her honour, 
to assert the purity of her doctrines, to illustrate her native beauty 
and lovehneas, and rec(Hnmend her as an object woithy the choice 
of every man, will appear at least pardonable. Many are the 
ways by which the God of this world endeavours to lead men 
blindfold to destruction^ and surely it will not be thought a work 
of supererogation to expose those deceits and delusions, and di^ 
perse those mists of error, that cloud the undei'standing, and 
bring the safety of our souls into the utmost perU. Whoever 
professes himself, or would be thought a Chiistian, must confess, 
that there is no other name given among men, whereby ^ye can 
be saved, but that of the blessed Jesus -, and that the doctrines 
and precepts contained in the Gospel are the only rules for his 
conduct and pi-actice, the objects of his faith, and the foundation 
of his hope and happiness. He whose persuasion is thus gi*ounded, 
will not be displeasied to see the way of his salvation made easy, 
and the things which he Is to believe and practise proved, ex;- 
plained. and enforced, from reason and irrefragable argument. 
The design then of the following Sermons is, to establish such 
truths as of late have been made the subjects of ridicule and 
banter by the pro&ne wits and scoffers of the age ^ to set*x*ight 
those who have been misled by sophistical arguments of men that 
design nothing less than the honour of God and the good of souls ; 
and to vindicate the honour of the.Gospd, to assert the truth and 
reasonableness of Its doctrines, and to defend its Author, the 
blessed Jesus, against the attacks of his professed enemies, and 
the base, cowai&y, or treacherous practices of his false or weak 
friends." Such was Mr, IVhiteJields first Preface. 

Another Collection vras published in the same year, " sold by the 
Booksellers in Town and Country," intituled, " The Christian's 
Companioa: or, Sennons on several Subjects : containing, 1. Di- 
rections how tohear Sermons ; a Sermon preached at Christ's Church 
in Spitalfields, London. 2. Worldly Business no Plea for the 
Neglect of religion; a Sermon preached at the Parish-Churcii of 
St Lawrence, Old Jewry, London. 3. The Marks of the New 
Birth; a Sennon preached at St. Mary, Whitechapel. 4. The 
tower of Christ's Resurrection j a Sermon preached at Wer- 
buigh's, in the Qty of Bristol. 5. The Duty of seai^ching the 
Scriptures ^ a Sermon preached at the P«urish-Church of St. Mi- 

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Mr. Whitefield's Sermon « on Early Vietyr 
Proofs of our Saviotir's Divinity; printed on a 
large sheet, to be framed, 

chael^ Comhill. 6. Satan's Devices; a Sermon preached at 
Great St. Helen's. 7. The Knowlcd^ of Jesus Christ, the best 
KnowIetT^ 3 a Sermon preached at Great St. Helen's. 8. The 
heinoiiB Sin of Dninkrnness ; a Semion preached on hoarrt the 
Whitakcr. $. The Etemity of Hell Torments ^ a Smjion 
preached at Savannah in Georgia. TO. Thankruluess for Mercies 
received a necessary Duty j a Farewell Sermon preached on hoard 
the \^'hititter, at Anchor near Savannah in Georgia. 1 1 . Pray- 
ere for se\eral Occasions, 'by Geort^e Whitefield, A. B. 12. The 
Indwelling of the Spirit, the comiDon Privilege of all B^lievens 5 
a Sermon preached at the Parish Church of Bexley in Kent, on 
M'liitsunday, 1739. 13. TJie Folly and Danger'of being not 
righteoxuj enough, as well as of being righteous Over-much ; a 
ISennon preaclicd at Kennington-Common, Moorfields, and 
Mack-Ifeathj from Ecclesiastes vii. 16 5 wherein Dr. Trapp*s 
Discourses from the same Words (as well as the polite Entertain- 
ments of the Age) are considered, and proved to be inconsistent 
with true Qiristianity. 14. The Rev. Mr. Wliitefield's Answer 
to the Bishop of Ijondon's last Pastoiul Letter > and a Supjjlcment 
to the Rev. Mr. Whitefteld's Answer to the Bishop of London's 
last Pastoral Letter; containing, 1, Notes on the Pastoral Let- 
ter; 2, A Remark on the Weekly Miscellany of August I8th, 1739 > 
with an ExtiTict of a Letter from Mr. Seward, relating to the 
^Vriter of the same/ By a Piosbyter of the (Imrch of England.- 
—The Ninth of these Discourse* Ls thiLs particularly addrc^psed to 
the Inhabitants of Savannah in Georgia: '' My dear Friends, 
Though the following Sennon has been pix'ached elsewhei-e, yet, 
as tlie occasion of my i)reaching it among you was particular, 
as you seemed to give an uncommon attention to it in publick, 
and afterwards expressed your satibfaction in it to me when I 
came to \ ihit you in your owti private houses ; 1 thought proper 
to offer it to you. And here I cimnot but bless God for the 
general dislike of heretical principles that I have found among 
you ; as also for your zeal and approbation of my conduct, when 
the gloiy of God and your ^^elfarc have obliged me to resent and 
publicly declare against the i^ntjchristian tenets of some lately 
under my charge. 1 need only exhort \<m to beg of God to give 
you a true fcuth, and to add 10 your faith viitue, that you may 
adorn the Gospel of our I-.ord Jesus Clui^t in all things. Your 
cons tint daily attendance upon public woi-bhip, the gladness 
wherewith you ha\e rccei>cd mi!^ into your houses, the mildness 
wherewith yoq have submitted to my reproofe, more esi)ecially 
ir'' great (though unmerited) concern you shewed W my depar- 
ture, induce me to hope this will be your endeavour. Hd\v long 
God of his good providence will keep me from you, I know not. 
However, you may assure yduisclves, 1 will return aceording to 
my promise, as soon sls I liave i*ccei\ed imposition of hands, and 
completed the other business that called me hither. In the mean 

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Rules and Prayers by Mr, Whitefield, composed 
for the vise of the Religiotts Societies; with Psalms 
and Hymns for the same purpose. 

Two volumes of Archbishop Sharpe's Sermons. 

The third volume of *' Sermons at Bovle's Lee- 
tures,* folio. 

A second edition of " Nineteen Sermons by 
Dr. John Rogers *,'• 8vo. 

A Sermon preached before the House of Com- 
mons, Jan. 30, 1738,, )jy John Wilcox 'f^, D.D. 

A Sermon by the Rev. W. G. Barnes ;};. 

vhile, accept of tkis, as a/p1edge of the yadissembled love of your 
aScctionate, though unworthy pastor, G. Whitefield.'* 

In 1742 a thiid Collection of Sermons was published, under 
the tide of " Nine Sermons upon the following Subjects : 1. Tlie 
Lord our Righteousness. ^. The Seed of the Woman, and the 
t)eed of the Serpent. 3. Persecution every Christianas Lot 
4. Abraham's o&ring up his son Isaac. 5. Saul's Convenion. 
£. The Pharisee and Publican, 7- Christ, the Believer's Wisdom, 
Righteoasness, Sanctification, and Redemption. 8. The Holy 
Spirit convincing the World of Sin, of Righteousness, and of 
Judgment. 9. The Conversion of Zaccheus/* Which were 
thus introduced : ** The following Sermons, I think I may a&y, 
were given me by the Loi*d Jesus Chiist ; and, according to my 
present*light, are agreeable to the form of sound words delivered 
to us by the lively Oracles of God. They contain the sum and 
substance, I will not say word for word, of what was delivered in 
the pulpit ; for, as I had occasion, in America, Scotland, and 
Cnglaud, to preach upon the same subjects, I was obliged, ac- 
cording to the freedom and assistance given me from above, to 
enlar^, or make excursions, agreeable to the people's circitm- 
stances amongst whom I was pi-eaehing the Kingdom of God. I 
had no leisure or freedom to commit any of them to writing, but 
during my last voyage fit)m America to England ; nor do 1 ex- 
pect to find leisure till it shall please God that I emfaoik again.*' 

* See vol. L p. 15« ; vol. II. p. 57. 

t John Wilcox, of Clare hall; B. A. 1711; M. A. 1715; D.D. 
Com. Reg. 17^8; and master of Clare hall 1736. He had ako the 
valuable rectory of Remington in Middlesex ; was subdeau of 
York ; and is noticed as " good, though gloomy Wilcox," in the 
" Capitade,** a poetical satire on the ruling Members gf the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge', the author of which was never satis&ctorily 
ascertained. It was first published in the ''London Evening 
Post," Nov. 1, 1750; and re-piinted in Gent. M;ig. 17S1, vol. LL 
p. 530, with notes by tlie Rev. JohnDunconibe, who paiticularly 
knew all the parties described in it. 

X William George Barnes, M. A. lecturer of St. Bride s ; who 
published, in 1752> "A select Number of Sermons and Discourses 
on morale theological, and practical subjects," 2 vols. 8vo. 

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" The present State of Bromley College,'' a single 
sheet, for Dr. Joseph Wilcocks, Bishop of Rochester, 

^^ Essay on Foolish Questions-** 

Political and Miscellaneous Tracts^ by the Author 
of Gulliver's Travels,** 8vo. 

'^ A complete System of Optics, in Four Books* 
By Robert Smith *, LL.D." 2 vols, 8vo. 

" Hydrostatical and Pneumatical Lectures, by 
Roger Cotes ^^ M. A. htte Professor of Astronomy 

* Robert Smith, LL.D. and D.D. master of Trinity college, 
Cambridge^ 1736, and Master of Mecbanicks to the King, wa4 
preceptor to William Duke of Cumberiand) and in that character 
is noticed, in the Poem just before cited> in p. 1^, as— < 

. '^ Smith supi^emely blest with every charm. 
In Virtue's cause ev*n Royal Youth to warm.*' 
He published at Cambridge, in 1744, *' Harmonies; or, the Phir 
losophy of Musical Sounds/* 8vo; of which a second edition was 
printed in 1761 j and a "Pdstscripf* to it in 1763, ocmtaining 
an account of an excellent impro\'ement of the harpsichord. 
(See Biog. Brit. vol. VII. p. 4130, note; Appendix, p. 229, text J 
Mr. Cunmerland, in the Memoirs of his own Life, p. 109, says, 
*' Dr. Smith was unquestionably one of the most learned men 
of his time, as his works, especially his System of Optics, effec* 
tnaUy demcmstrate. He led the life of a student, abstemioua 
and recluse, his family consisting of a sister, advanced in years^ 
and unmarried like himself, together with a niece, who in the 
course of her residence there was married to a fellow of the Col* 
lege. He was a man, of whom it might be s^-^Philotophy had 
marked him far her own. Of a thin spare habit, and a nose pro- 
minently aquiline, and an eye penetrating as that of the bird^ 
the semblance of whose beak marked the character of his &ce. 
The tone of his voice was shrill and nasal, and his manner of 
speaking such as denoted forethought and deliberation. How 
deep a theorist he was in harmony his Treadse will evince ; of 
mere melody he was indignantly neglectful ; and could not re- 
concile his ear to the harpsichord, till, by a construction of his 
own, he had divided the half tones into their proper flats and 
sharps. Those who figured to themselves a Diogenes in Mason, 
might have fancied they beheld an Aristotle in Smith, who, had 
he lived in the age and fallen within the eye of the great designer 
of .the School of Athens, might have left his image there without 
discrediting the groupe.** — ^He died Feb. 2, 1768} and bequeathed 
20002. towards tlie repairs of his College, and 2500^. to the 
University. . 

, t This excellent mathematician, philosopher, and astrono- 
mer, was bom July 10, 1682, at Burbach, in LeicesterBhire, 
where his &ther was rectCH*. He was tirst placed at Leicester 
school} where, when he was between 11 and 12 years of age. 

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ancLExperfanental Philosophy at Cambridge,'' 8vo; 
published by Roger Smith, D.D* Master of Trinity 

he ifiscoTared a strong incBnation to the mathematics. This 
being obserred by his uncle, the Rev. John Smith, -he gare him 
all imaginable eneouragement ^ and prevailed with his father to 
send him for some time to his houde in lincolnshii'e, that he 
might put him forward, and assfet him in those studies.- Heve he 
laid the foundation of that deep and extensive knowledge in Ma- 
thematics, for which he was afterwards so deservedly famous. 
He removed from thence to London, and was sent to St. Paul's 
school ; where, under the care of Dr. Gale and the succeeding 
master, he matle a great progi^ess in classical learning; yet 
found so much leisure as to keep a constant correspondence with 
his uncle, not only in mathematics, but also in metaphysics, 
philosophy, and divinity. This fact is said to have beai often 
mentioned by Professor Saunderson. His next remove was to 
Cambridge ; where, April 6, 1^99, he was admitted of Trinity 
college; and, at Micliaelmas 1705, chosen fellow. He was at 
the same time tutor to Anthony Earl of Harold, and the Lort! 
Henry de Grey, sons to the then Marquis, afterwards Duke of 
Kent; t6 which noble fiimily Mr. Cotes had/ the honour to be 
related. In January 1705-6, he was appointed professrjr of 
astronomy and exi)erimental philosophy, upon the foundation 
made by Dr. Plume archdeacon of Rochester, being the first tliut 
enjoyed that office ; to in^hich he was unanimously chosen, on 
account of his high reputation and merits. He took the degree 
of M. A. in 1706, and went into holy orders in 1713. The same 
year, at the desire of Dr. Bentley, he published at Cambridge 
the second edition of Sir Isaac Newton's •* Mathematica Principia 
JPhikMophis Naturalise" and inserted all the improvements which 
the author had made to that time. To this edition he prefixerl 
a most ac^rnirable prefoce, in which he expressed the true method 
of philo3f3;!iusing, shewed the foundation on which the Newtonian 
phjlosopli y was built, and refoted the objections of t}k6Cartc6iaiis 
and all other philosophers against it. This publication added 
greatly to the reputation Air. Cotes had acquired among the 
greatest men of the age for his profound knowledge in the ab- 
stiiiscst paj'ts of mathematiclcs: nor was the high -opinion the 
publick now conceived of him in tlie least diminished, but rather 
much increased, by sevcml productions of his own, which after- 
wards appeared. He gave a descripticni of the great fiery me- 
teor that was seen March 0, 1715-16, which was published in 
t)ie Philosophical Trinsactions a little after his death. He left 
behind him also some admirable and judicious tracts ; part of 
which, after his decease, were published by Dr. Robert Sinith, 
his cou«in, and succc^ssof in his pi-ofessorsliip, aftenvai'ds master 
of Trinity college in Cambridia;e. His " Harmonia Mensuraioim," 
&c. J that is "Harmony of Measures j or. Analysis and Synthesis 
ad^-anced by the Mea^ui*cs of Ratios and Angles,*' was published 
at Cunbridge in 17^2> in 4to, and dedicated to Dr. M^ by the 


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College, Cambtidge ;*• and dedicated Jo Willian^ 
Duke of Gumberlajid. 

learned editor; who, in an elegant and affectionate pre£ie0^ 
gives us a copious account of the perfonnance itself, the pieces 
annexed to it, and of such other of the author's works as are 
vet impublished. He tells us bo^/ much this work was admired 
by professor Saunderson, and h9w dear the author of it was to 
Dr. JBentley. The first treatite of the misoellaneous works 
annexed to the " Harmonia Mensurarum'* is, " Concerning the 
Estimation of Errors in mixed Mathematicks/* The second is, 
*' Concerning the difierential Method;'* which he handles in a 
manner somewhat different from Sir Isaac Newton*s treatise 
upon that whl^t, having written it before he Had seen that 
treatise. The name of the third piece is, '' Canonotechnia, or 
concerning the Construction of Tables by Differences." The 
book concludes with three small Tracts^ " Concerning the De- 
scent of Bodies, the Motion of Peiidtdums in the Cycloid, and 
the Motion of Frqjectiies ;" which ti'acts, the Editor hiforms us, 
were all composed by Cotes when be was very young. He wrote 
also " A Compendium of Arithmetic ; of the Resolutions of Equa- 
tions, of Dioptrics, and of the Nature of Curves." Besides these 
pieces, he drew up the course of " Hydrostatical and Pneumatical 
Lectures" noticed above, which are held in high repute. This 
uncommon Genius died, to the regret of the University, and all 
lovers of that science, June 5, 17 16, in the very prime of Yds. 
life; for he was advanced no ferther than to his 33d year. 
Newton had pronounced of him, Noto the world will know some" 
iking .t And Dr. Bentley never mentioned him but with the 
deepest regret: he had formed the highest expectations of new 
lights and discoveries in Philosophy from the penetratii^ forc9 
of his extraordinasy genius ; and on the tablet devoted to his 
memory in the chapel of Trinity college, has recorded hiB 
sorrows, and those of the whole learned world, in the follo\ving 
beautiful and pathetic epitaph : 


Rogerus Roberti filfus Cotes,. 

CoUegii hi^s S. Trinitatis Socius, 

Astronomise et Expenmentalts PhilosophUe 

Professor Plumianus : 


immature morte prsereptus, 

pauca quidem ingenii sui pignora reliquit> 

sed egregia, sed admiranda, 

ex inaccessis Matheseds penetralibus 

lelid solertiSl cum primum cruta. 

Post magnum ilium Newtonum 

Societatis hujus spes altera 

et decus gemellum. 

Cui ad summam doctrine laiidem 


Digitized by 



"A new and easy Method of learning Hebrew 
without Points. To which is annexed, by Way of 
Praxis, "the Book of Proverbs, divided according to 
the Metre , with the Masoretical Reading in Roman 
letters, the Interlinear Version of Sanies Pagninus^ ' 
a grammatical Analysis, and short Notes critical 
and explanatory ; the whole designed for the more 
speedy and perfect Attainment of the Hebrew 
Tongue, by Richard Grey, D. D, Rector of Hin- 
ton, in Northamptonshire,** 8vo, 

A part of the first edition of Mr. 2^chary Cham* 
bers's* " Cyclopedia, or Universal Dictionary of 
Arts and Sciences." 

" The Vocal Miscellany ;" third edition^ withr 
large additions, 2 vols. 1 2mo. 

A new edition of the Odes of Horace, published 
by George Wade f-, D.D* l2mo. 


In this year Mr. Bowyer printed *' The Earl of 
Strafforde's Letters and iJispatches, with an Essay 
towards his Life by Sir George Radcliiie. Prom 
the Originals in the Possession of his Great-grandson 
the Right HonourableThomas Earl of Malton, Koig^t 
of the Bath. By William Knowler J, LL.D. Rector 
of Irthlingborough." 

omnes morum virtutumque dotes 

in cumiilum accesserunt : \ 

V £0 magis s^iectabiles amabilesqu<t, 

quod in formoso corpore gratiores venirent. 
Nattis Burbagii^ in agro Leioestriensi, 
Jul. 10, 168« 5 obiit Jun.5, I7I6." 
* See the " Essavs and lllugtrationa" in vol. V. No. XII. 
t Of Christ's collegt, Cambridge, B.A. 1713 i M.A. 1717 j 
D.D. Com. Reg. 1758. 

; W^illiam Knovvler ^ma the third son of Qilb^rt Knowler, gent. 
1^ Stroud house, at Heme in Kent) baptised May 9> 1699. He 
was educated at St. John's college^ Cambridge; B.A. ITSO^ 
M. A. 1724 ; LL. D. Com. Reg. 1728. He was chaplain tp the 
first Mai-quis of Rockingham, who presented him first to the 
rectory of Irthlingborow Jcotxmioaly called Artleburrcpw), be^ 
tween Wellingborough and Higham Ferrers, and aftervcrards to 
the more valuable one of Boddin^ton, both in N<nthamptQn- . 
Vol. II. K*" •?W-oalf> 

Digitized byV5XjOQ IC 


^^ Jus Parliamentarium/' by that celebrated Anti- 
quarian Lawyer William Petyt*, esq. folio. 

fihire. He died in December 1773. Mr. Bowyer received 
soon after a polite letter from Mrs. Knowler, with an intima- 
tion that a legacy of twenty pounds was ready for lus accept- 
ance. I wish I had a copy of this letter and of his answer^ 
which I remember to have seen. The pui*port of the letter, 
however, was a proper acknowledgement of the lady's civility j 
a very suitable condolence on her loss -, and a request, " that, to 
save trtnible, she would keep the twenty pounds intended for 
him, which othci-wise she would liave to i-ecei^e back from his 
executOM at a period which he had reason to think would not be 
Jar distant." In J 766 Dr. Knowler had prepared for the press an 
English ti-anslation of Chr}SOatom's " Comment on St. Paul's 
Epistle to the Galatians j" and I ha\'e now before me a preface 
intended to have been prefixed to the translation 5 in which Dr. 
Knowler introduces this judicious obsei-vation on theFatiiers: 
" Some have thought nothing too much to be said in their 
praise 5 others have denied them a share of common sense. 
The present cry is agmnst them; and, if it continue a few 
years, they miist be a prey to moths and woitos, to tlie great 
detriment of young students in Divinity, not to say to tlie pub- 
lick in general, 1 think they have not had a fair trial. Their 
works are locked up in the learned limguages ^ many pieces 
have been ascribed to them, which, were they alive, they would 
di90\^ and be ashamed of. Hence they are swoln to an enor- 
mousbulk.. Then comes au enemy, and culls out of these spu- 
rious pieces exceptionable passages^ produces them before a 
packed jury 3 the laugh goes rounds and thffy are condemned in 
the lump." HL> o\\ n translation he re])resents to be " a plain and 
litercd one ;*' and acknowledges that the beauty of Chrysostom's 
original " must suffer greatly in the garb a Country. Divine^ haft 
given him, who has resided sLx-and-twenty years on his cui-e, 
and seldom been absent from his parish." He then proceeds to 
give a good account of his author j and also of Jei^om, who was 
contemporary with Chrysostom. — Gilbert Knowler, esq. a nephew 
of the Doctor, was the last of a family which Pliilipott mentions 
as being settled at Heme in the i-eign of (^ueen Elizabeth. 

* A student of tlie Middle Temple, afterwards a bencher and 
treasurer of the Inner Temple. He was some tiniQ> Keeper of the 
Records in thie Tower ) and published, 1 . /' Miscellanea Parlia* 
ihentaria, 1660,'' Svo^ 2. " T\\e antient Rights of the Cbm- 
mQq3 of England ^ssert^, 1680," 8vo (of which a Latin version 
w«> published in 1729, folio) ; 3. '' Jus Anglorum ab antiquo ; 
in 'Confutation of the Answer to Mr. Petyt, &c 1631,'' Svo/ 
He di(id*in 1707] and wa< buried in tlie West part of tlie Temple 
church, with the foUowirig epitaph, which illustrates liis histoi}': 
^ . " ^^ . • '* Heic juxta sitze sunt reliquiaj 
' . . WiLHEi. MI Petyt, annigeri, 

. . . . ■ qm olim M»^du. alumnus fuit. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



'' A Catalogue of the MSS. of Sir Joseph Jekyl^ 
Master of the Rolls." 

nupei' luteriom Templi Socius^ et Thesourarius. 
. Rotulorum ac Archivorum in Turri 
Londinensi remanentium 
Gustos fideliasimus ; 
quamplurimis tarn genere qu^ doctnxJL 
viris insignibus bene notUB^ 
et in magnl aestimatione habitus. 
Omnia sua 
cum amicis iiabuit communia: 
tieque sanb cuiquam literarum ^-etenim studioso^ 
vel operam suam, 
vel consilium unquam negabat $ 
quod in pluribus eruditonun scriptis apparet 
Municipalia P&truB jura^ 
Hktdriam, AntiqUitates, 
Monumenta, Actaque P&rliamentaria 
optim^ cdUdbat : 
Antiquss Constitutionis 
Legum ac libertatum AngHas 
strenuissimus assertor erat. 
£t ne operam et oleum perderet> 
. et evanescei-eht labores^ 
mundo valedicturus, omnia sua MSS. 
(quse varia implent volumina) 
cmk cum librn impressis, juridicis> historicis^ 
atque antiquitatum et processuum 
Parliamentorum monumentia 
(qusB inagno labore^ studio, et sumptibus • 
sibi comparavit) 
amicis quibusdam melions notse, 
in fidei commisso ad servanda int^ra et illibata, 
ultimo suo testamento 
I»ubiic6e utilitatis gratilL, 
legavit. ' 
Quapropter loctun certiun, 
qui illis visus fuerit maxima accommodatus> 
eos eligere voluit : 
et centum et quinquaginta libras 
Bibliothecse sedificandae 
Obiit 1707, BBtat. 73. 
" In Storithes prop^ Abbatiam de Bolton npn ita long^ Ik vico 
^Skipton in Craven in comitatuEborum natus fiiit. Ad plurca 
abiit apadChekeam in agro Middksexiie tertio dieOctobns anno 
l^omini Mpccvu> aetatis suae lxxi. Neque dun^ visit ipsiuft 
(^bdseee immemor erat, sed erigebat ibi ee<UftciuAi, quod eidem 
f^bi» alacri et VHoeik itianu dotit ; in ai& eom[)lectens (quodi 
^tiir) vestiarium in usum parochianorum, gymnasium ad 
il^icros enidiendos, et cameras pnea^tori satis coxnxaodas. 

Digitized bydiOOQlC 


A Latin- ^' Catalogue of the Antiquanan Society's 
Prints,** folio. 

A " Spanish and English Dictionaiy/' 
Another Portion of ^' Chambers's Lhfclopedia.*^ 
The First Number * of « The History and An- 
tiquities of Essex, from the Collections of Mr. Strange- 
man ; with Notes and Illustrations by Nathaniel Sal- 
mon -f-;" folio. 

*' Monumentum hoc Sylvester Petrt, 

de Hoepitio Bamardienm generosus, et igusdem olhn Priticipalis> 

in mcmoriam chariMimi sui Fratris posuit." 

On a grave-stone on the floor : 

" The body of WitnAM Pbtyt, Esqmre, 
buried here the 9th day of October, mdccvii ." 

* This was begun in November 1739 3 and the nineteenth 
number, with title-page and subsrribers names, appeared in 
Febi-uary 1740-1. The author's death put a stop to this work, 
when he had gone through abont ti%'o-thirds of the county, so 
that the hundrab of Chelmsfbrd, Hinkfbrd, Lexden, Tend'rin^, 
and Thurstable, are left unfinished. 

t Son of the £ev. Thomas Salmon, M. A. rector of Mepsall (a 
living of considerable value in Bedfordshire, and now in the 
patronage of St. John's college in Cambridge) was admitted of 
Bene't college, June 11, 1690, under the tuition of Mr. Beck, 
and took the degree of LL. B. 1695. Soon after which he went 
into orders, and was for some time curate of Westmill in Hert-' 
fordshire, but, although he had taken the oaths to King William, 
he would not do it to his succe^or Queen Anne i and when h« 
could officiate no longer as a priest, he applied himself to the 
study of physic^ which he practised first at St. Ives in Hunting* 
donshire, and afterwards at Bishop's Stortford, in the county oT 
Hertford. H6 did not, however, take this turn out of necessity, 
but by choice, since he had the ofier of a living of 1401. per annum 
from a friend in Sufiblk, if his conscience would have permitted 
him to qualify himself for it by taking the legsl oaths. He wii^ 
the elder brother of Mr. Thomas Sahnon the historiographer^ 
who, dying suddenly in London in April 1743, was buried in 
St. Dunstan's church. Nathaniel (who left three daughters) 
was the author of, 1. '' A Survey (^ the Roman Antiquities in 
the Midland Counties of England, 17«6V' Svo.— 2. "ASarvey of 
the Rofnioi Stations in Britain, according to the Roman Iti- 
nerary^ 17«8," avo*— 3. " The History of Hertfoidshire, de- 
acribii^ the County and its antient Monuments, particularly the 
Soman, with the Characters of those that have been the Chief 
Pofisessofs of the Lands, and an account of the most memorably 
Occurreneea. London, 172S/* folio. Hiis was designed as a 
pondiiuation of Henry Chauncey's History, and dedicated to the 
8arl ot Hertfoid^-4. '' The lives of the English Bishops from 

*f% the 

Digitized by 



*^ Queries relating to the County of Dorset,'* a 
single sheet, by the Rev. John Hutchins *, whose 
History of that County Mr, Bowyer printed in the 
year 1774, where some particulars of the Work 
and of its very worthy Author will be given. ' 

" Lysiae Onttiones et Fragmenta, Gr«c6 et Latin^, 
Ad fidem Codd. Manuscriptorum recensuit, Notis 
criticis, Interpretatione nova, cseteroque apparatu 
necessario donavit Joannes Taylor-J*, A. M. Coll. D. 
Joan. Cantab* Soc. Academic olim h. Bibliothecis, 
hodie a Commentariis. Accedunt cl. Jer. Marklandi^ 
Coll. D. Pet SocXlIonjectur®. Londini, ex Oilicina 
Gulielmi Bowyer, in aedibus olim Carmeliticis.'* 

Professor Stuart s " Necessity of a Divine Revelv 
tion," 8vo. 

Another edition of '^Dr. CockmatfsTuUy,** l2mo. 

*^ Tabula exhibens Paradigmata Verborum He- 
braicorum regularium et irregularium, per omnes 
conjugationes, modos, tempora, et personas, pie- 
nius et accuratius excusa," a very large single sheet, 
by Dr. Richard Grey; for whom he also printed, 

A new edition ^ of Cicero " De Omciis,'' by 
Thomas Cookman, D.D. 13mo. 

** Historia Josephi Patriarchae, Uteris tam Ro- 
nianis quam Hehraicis excusa, cum versione in- 

the Restoration to the Revolution, fit to be opposed to the As* 
persions of some late Writers of Secret History. London^ 1733," 
fivo. — 5. "A Survey of the Roman Stations in England, 1731," 
J (an impnn'ed edition probably of No. 1. and 3.) 58 vols. 8vo. — 
/ 6. *' The Antiquities of Surrey, collected from the most Antient 
Records, and dedicated to Sir John Evelyn, Bart with some 
Account of the. Present State and Natural History of the County. 
London, 1736," 8vo. — 7, ''The History and Antiquities of Essex 3*' 
as noticed above. 

* See the "Essays and Illustrations** in vol. V. No.XHI. 
- t Of this work, which is now become extremely scarce, no 
more than 300 copies were printed on demy piper, 75 on royal 
paper, and 25 on a fine writing royal. Th6 Doctor always en« 
tertained a fond hope, of reprinting it, like his Demosthenes, 
with an equal quantity of notes on lK)th pages. It was in part 
republisheil at Cambridge, in Svo, 17*10, under the title of 
" Lysiffi Athcniensis Orationes, Graecfe et Latin^, ex Interpretatione 
ct cum brcvibus Notis Joannis Taylori, in usum studiosjc Juven- 
tutis.** See the Essays and Illustrations in vol. IV. No. XIIL 

} First printed in 1706 ; and frequently re-published. 


Digitized by 



terlineari S. Pagnini, et vocum indice analytico; 

Eraemitdtur nova methodus Hehmici difecendi, di- 
gentiiis recognita, et ad usum Scholanim accom-» 
modata/ 8vo. 


The principal books of this year were, 
" Maximi Tyrii Dissertationes, ex recensione 
Joannis Davisii*, Coll. Regin. Cantab. Praesidis, 
Editio altera, ad duos Codices MSS. Locis quam- 
plurimis emendata, Notisque locupletioribus aucta; 
cui accesserunt Viri eruditissimi Jer. Marklandi 
Coll. D. Petri Cantabrig. Socii, Annotationesf* 4to, 
with a Dedication to Dr. Mead, by Dr. Ward. 

" Exatnen; or an Enquiry into the Credit and 
Veracity of a pretended Complete History [Dr. 
Kerinett's] ; shewing the perverse and wicked Design 
of it, and the many Falsities and Abuses of Truth 
contained in it ; together with some Memoirs occa- 
sionally inserted, all tending to vindicate the Hon- 
our of the late King Charles the Second, and his 
happy Reign, from tlie intended Aspersions of that 
foul Pm. By the Hon. Roger North -f-, 1740,'* 
4to. published by Mr. Mountagu North. 

* ''Mr.Marldand haviDg in the country, in the summer of 1739, 
written some notes on the late Dr. Davis's edition of Maximus 
lyrius. Cant. 1703, had a bight of the second before it was pub- 
lished, to add his own remarks upon it. He read it over with- 
out looking at the Doctor's corrcctioas, which proved materially 
different from his former ones, and found his own to agree with 
them in the main. His were therefore added to the f^cconcl edition, 
after it was printed. ' The variations between the King of Finance's 
and the Harleian MSS. arid the version of Pacrins are so great, 
that they can only have proceeded fi*ora the author himself. This 
note is from Mr. Gough'^ copy of the former edition of these Anec^ 

t Sixth son of Dudley fourth Lord North, and brother to 
Charles Lord North, and Francis Lord Guilford, witli whom, 
after having studied at the Middle Temple, he spent the gn»ater 
part of his life. In the leign of Charles II. he was a counsellor 
of note, and in that of James II. attorney-general. He has taken 
great pains in the '* Examen" to vilify Dr. Kennett*s '* Complete 
History of England 3" and has, Mr. Gi-anger says, *' in several 
instances contradicted facts founded upon (uitient records, and 


Digitized by 




A second edition of Maittaire!s ^^ Anacfeon ^'* of 
whicdnot more than 100 copies were ^jrinted^ and 
six only on writing paper, 4to. 

** Psalmorum' Davidis- Paraphrasis Poetica. Aiic^ 
tore Arturo Johnstono Scottp *, cum Iridice Voca- 

dfccr^ed or extolled the characters qf pei^pm whose merit or de- 
merit \a iis well establijihed a^ these facts.*^ He was also author 
of, .1. '' The Gentleman's Accemptant ; or, an Essay to unfold 
the Mystery of Accompts by way of Dkibtor and Creditor, 
commonly called Ailercftiants Accpmpts ^ and> applying the same 
to the Concf^ns of the Nolj^ility and Gentry of England, &c. done 
by a Person of Honour. 1714." 12mo. «. ''The life t)f -the 
Right Honourable Francis North, fiiuron of Guilford, Lonl 
Keeper of the Great Seal under King Cliarlea the Second and 
King James the Second 5 wherein are inserted the Characters 
of Sir Matthew Hale, Sii- George Jefferies, Sir Leoline Jenkins, 
Sidney Godolphin^ a)id other the moat eminent Lawyers and 
Statesmen of that tune. 1742." 4to. 3. " The Life of the Hon- 
oiurable Sir Dudley North, Knight, Commissioner of the Cus- 
toms, and afterwards of the Ti^asury, to his Majesty King 
Charles the Second. And of the Honourable and Reverend Dr'. 
John North, Master of Trinity College in Cambridge, and Greek 
Professor, Prebend of Westminster, and some Time Clerk of the 
Closet to the same King Charles the Second. By the Honour- 
able Roger North, esq. 1748." 4to. — ^These three very eminent 
^ persons were brothers to their Biogrftpher. 

♦ Artliur Johnston was bom at Caskieben, near Aberdeen, 
the seat of his ancestors, an antient fiunily, frequently honoured 
%vith knighthood; and probably was educated at Aberdeen, as he 
was afterwards advanced to the highest dignity in tliat University, 
which coukl hardly have happened had he not belonged in his youth 
to that learned body. The study he chiefly applied himself to ivas 
that of physick ; and, to improve himself in that science, he tra- 
velled into foreign parts. He was twice at Rome 5 but the chief 
place of his residence was Padua, in which University the degiai^ 
of Doctor of Physic w^ conferred oi> him in the year 1610, as^ 
appears by a manuscript copy of verses in the Advocates* library in 
J^nbiirgh. After leaving Pddua, he travelled through the rest of 
Italy, and overGermany, Denmark^ EpgLamd, and Holland, and other 
eountrias; and at last setUed in France, whei-e he met with great 
applause as a Latin poet He lived ^there twenty years, and l^ 
two Wives h^d thirteen children. At last, after twenty-four 
years absence, he Returned into Scotland in the yeaXt 1632. It 
appears by the Council-books fit Edinburgh,, that the Doctor had 
a. suit at law b^ore Chat court about that time. .In the year 
following, it is veiy^vell known that King Chaiies the. first went 
into Scotland^ and made Bishop Laud, then with him, a mem- 
of that Cbimcil; and by thik acoidblt,' it is -probable, that ''an 
acquaintaiice'begaa betwfeeik tb^TDbctar and iftat Pr^e," wWch 


Digitized by 


135 WTBJlAtY ANECDOTES O* [l740. 

bulorusn T accompanied with " The Psalms of 
David according to the Translation in the English 

oroduc^ the excdlent work which givee occasion to this note ; 
for we find that^ in the same year, the Doctor printed a specimen 
of his Psalms at London, anch dedicated them to his li)rdship, 
which is as plain a proof almost as can be desired that the 
Bishop orevaiM upon Dr. Johnston to remove to London from 
Scotlano, and then set him upon th]9 work ; neither can it be 
doubted but, alter seeing this sampk, he also engaged him to 
perfect the whole, which took him up four yean ; for the fint 
edition of all the Ptalms was puUished at Aberdeen in 1^7, and 
at London the same year. In 1641« Dr. Johnston bein^ at Ox- 
ford, on a visit to one of his daughters, who was mamed to a 
Divine of the Church of England in that place, was seized with 
a violent diarrhoea, of which )ie died in a few days, in the 54th 
year of his age> not without having seen the beginning of those 
troubles that proved so f&tal to his patron. He t^as buried in the 
|>kioe where he died, which gave occasion to the following 
lines of his learned fKend Wedderbum in his " Suspiria.*' 
^' Scotia moesta, dole, tanti viduata sepuYchro 
Vatis; is Angligenis contigit altus honos.'* 
In what year Dr. Johnston was made physician to the King^ 
does not appear ; it is roost likely that the Archbishop procur^ 
him that honour at his coming into England in 1683, at which 
time he translated Solomon's Song into Latin elegiac verse, and 
dedicated it to his Maiesty. His Psalms were reprinted at Mid- 
dleburg; 1642; London, 1657} Cambridge^ ....; Amsterdam, 
1706 5 Edinburgh, by William Lauder, 1789 ; and last, on the 
plan of the Ddphin Classic:*, at London, 1741, 8vo, at the ex- 
pence of Auditor Benson, who dedicated them to his present 
Majesty, and prefixed to this edition the memoirs of Dr. John- 
ston (whence I have extracted thb note), with the testimonies 
of various learned persons. A laboured comparison between 
the two translations of Buchanan and Johnston was printed the 
same year in English, in Svo, intituled, " A Prefetory Discourse 
to Pr. Johnston's P&^Jms, &c." and " A Cmtdusion to it" His 
translations of the I'e Deum, Creed, Decalogue, &c. were sub- 
joined to the Psahns. His other poetical works are his Epigrams, 
his FEorerga, and }as Musae Anglics, or commendatoiy Verses 
upon persons of rank in Church and State at that time. 

fi'iUiam Lauder (mentioned above) was a Scotchman educated 
at the Univenity of Edinburgh, where he finished his studies 
with great reputation, and acquired a considerate knowledge 
of the Latin tongue. He ;»^terwapds taught with success in 
the class of Humanity* students who were recommended to 
him by the Professor thereof. On May 89, 1734, he received a 
testimonial from the beads of the univeivityj certifying that 

* So the Lttin tongue i4 e»IM In Scodaa^, from the IaUo ^rase OKwrn 
kumtnfhrvitL JJt€r9ntm, tlM d«ss or ^inp whtfc tku (Mgna^ is tougbt 


Digitized by 



Bible, with an Index of the Words," in 4to, small 
SvQ, and 12mo. To this work was prefixed an 
ingenious " Prefatory Discourse/' by Mr. Auditor 
Benson *. - ^ 

be was a fit person to teach Humanity in any school or college 
whattever j and in 1742 was recommended by Mr. Patrick Cuming 
and Mr. Colin Maclaurin, iProfessoi's of Church History and 
Mathematicks, to the mastei*ship of the grammar-school at 
Dundee^ then vacant. Whetlier he succeeded in this applica* 
tion or not is uncertain ; but a few years afterwards we find 
bim in London, contriving to ruin the reputation of Milton, an 
attempt which ended in the destruction of his own. HLs reason 
for this attack probably sprung fiom the virulence of a violent 
party spirit^ which triimiphed over every principle of honour 
and honesty. He began fiist to retail part of his design in the 
Oentieman^s Magazine, 1747 5 and, finding that his forgeries 
were not detected, was encoui'aged in 1751 to collect them, 
with additions, into a volume, intituled *' An Essay on Milton's 
Use and Imitation of the Moderns in his Paradise Lost/' 8vo. 
The fidelity of his quotations had been doubted by several people, 
«nd the fiJsehood of them was soon after demonstrated by Mr. 
(afterwards Bp.) Douglas, in a pamphlet intituled " Milton vin- 
dicated firom the Charge of Plagiarism brought against him by 
Lauder ; and Lauder himself convicte<l of severaV Forgeries and 
gross Impositions on the Publick. In a Letter humbly addressed 
to the Right Honourable the Earl of Bath, 1751," 8vo. The ap- 
pearance of this detection ovei'whelmed Lauder with confusion. 
He subscribed a confession, dictated by his learned friend Dr. John- 
son; wherein he ingenuously acknowledged his ofience, which he 
professed to have been occasioned by the injury he had received 
from the disappointment of his expectations of profit from the 
publication of Johnston*s Psalms. '^This misfortune he ascribed 
to the couplet in Mr. Pope's Dunciad cited in the following })age, 
and from thence originated his ranccjur against Milton. He after- 
wards imputed his conduct to o^her motives, abused the few friends 
who continued to countenance him 3 and, finding that his cha- 
racter was not to be retrieved, quitted the kingriom, and went to 
Barbadoes, where he some time tauglit school. His behaviour 
there was mean and despicable ; and he passed the remainder of 
bis life in universal contempt. He died some time about the 
year 1771, as my late friend Isaac Reed was informed by the 
gentleman who read the funeral service over him. 

* Mr. Benson was the son of Sir William Benson, formerly 
sheriff of London. He was born in tlie year 1 f>89 -, and in tlie 
reign of Queen Anne made a tour abroad, during which he 
visited Hanover and some other (finnan courts, and Stockholm. 
In 1710 he was high sheriff of Wilts 5 and soon after wrote his 
fiunous letter to Sir Jacob Banks of Minehead, by birth a Swede, 
but naturalized 5 wherein he set forth tlic miseries of the Swedes, 


Digitized by 



'T\\e First Number of the " Magna Britannia ;*** 
which was afterwards extended to six volumes in 

after they luul made a surrender of their liberties to arbitrary 
power, which was then making great advances at home. Being 
summoned for this letter before the l^rds of the Privy Council, 
he owned himself to be the author of it, in deiiance of a prose- 
cution then ordered by the Queen's Auomey General, and pwt 
his name to all the subsequent editions, of which not less tluin 
100,000 were sold in our own and foreign languages. He was 
member for the borough of Shaftesbury in the first parliament 
of King George the First, who in the year 17 18 made him Surveyor 
General of his works, in the place of Sir Christopher Wren, by 
which he vacated his scat in parliament. He was a great admirer 
of Milton and Johnston ; on which account. Pope mentions him 
in the Dimciad, book 4.1.111: 

" On two unequal crutches propt he came, 
Milton's on this, on that one Johnston's name." 
To do honour to Milton, he erected a monument to his memory 
in A\'estminBter Abbey, employed Mr. Tanner to engrave a medal 
of him, and gave Mr. Dobson, of New college, Oxford, 1000/, 
for translating the Paradise Lost into Latin verse. He at- 
tended King George I. in a'\L>it which he made to his Crerman 
dominions ; and while there g-ave directions for that curious 
water- wOik in tlie gardens of Herenhausen, which is known to 
excel the faraoub fountain of St. Qoud in France. [Bishop Po- 
cocke, in his Tnnels, vol. 11. partii. p. S'26, says, "The gardens 
of Herenhausen ai'e deservedly admired ; the jet d*eau is the finest 
in tlie world, the water being forced to it by machines which ai'e 
McU known, and ai« the inventicm of Mr. Holland, &c."] If we 
may compare small tilings with great, the water was laid iiitp 
the town of Shaftsbury, fi*om a ftirm at a pmall distance, by an 
hoi-se engine erected at his expence j but, the yeai'ly profits not 
answering the fund and repairs, it foiled in about four years, 
and was renewed again 1714. llutchins's " History of Dorset," 
vol. II. p. 25. — The Commentator on the Dunciad, book III. 
verse 325, relates, that " Mr. Benson gave in a report to 
the Ix)rd.-«, that their House and the Painted Chamber adjoin- 
ing were in iaimediate danger of falling; whereupon they 
met in a Committee, to appoint some other ])lac« to sit iii 
while the House was taking down ; but, it being proposed to 
take the opinion of some other builders, they found it in \ery 
good condition : upon this the Lords were going to address the 
King against Benson for such a misrepresentation j but the 
Earl of Sunderland, then secretary of state, gave them assurance 
that his Maje.«^t\ would remove him, which was done accordingly. 
In favour of this man, proceeds the note, the famous Sir Chris- 
topher Wren, uho had been arcliitect to the Crown for above up 
years, built n:o-t of the Churches in London, laid the first stone 
*>t' St. Paul's, :u\d lived to finish it, had been displaced from his 


Digitized by 



" Miltoni Epi&tola ad Pollionem/' folio (by Dr. 
King, of St. Mary hall, Oxford). 

" Specimens of Paradisus Amissus,'' for Mr. 

*^ A Collection of State Papers *, relating to A ffiurs 
in the Reigns of King Henry VIII. KingEclvvard VL 

employment at tlie age of near 90 years." On the resignation of 
thu office, Mr. Benson received a short time after a^ assignment 
of a considerable debt due to the Crown in livland, and also the 
reversion of one of the two offices of Auditor of the Imprest, 
which he enjoyed after the death of Mr. K<l\vard Harley. About 
the year 1735 a Ipobk was published inlitxiled " The Cure of 
Deism. The Author, Mr. Eh'sha Smith* liad the misfortune to 
be ccmfined in the Fleot-prison for a debt of 200/. IMr. Beason 
ivas highly pleased with this work ; enquired ^vho the author 
was, and, having received the foregoing account, not only sent 
him a very handsome letter, but dischai^god the whole debt, foes, 
&c. and set him at liberty. Thb deserves to be recorded, as an 
uncommon instance of generosity and good nature ; though 
Mr. Benson, having been thrust into the Dimciad, will prob.ibly 
be known to posterity only as a bad critic and architect. The 
foUoiving anecdote was received fi'om a person well acquainted 
with him. Though a man who had spent the gieater part of his 
life among books, yet a short time bv'fore his death he acquired an 
aversion to them which was unconquerable. He could not even 
bear the sight of any, and I'emained stedf:i>.t* in his abhonx?nce of 
them as long as he lived. In the like manner, accordini^^ to 
Dr. Warton (Essay on Pope, vol. II. p. 109), Cowley latterly 
could not endure ^he company of women. — In the prime of his 
life few persons were more distinguished by the characters of 
the fine gentleman, the scholar, the statesman, and the patriot ; 
but in the latter part of it he lived very retired, chiefly at VVim- 
bleton in Surrey, where he died February 2, 1754. — Besides 
Mr. Benson's " Conclusion to his Prefator)' Discourse," &c. 
1741, he published, in the same yeai*, "A Supplement to it, in 
which is contained, a Comparison bctwi-\t Johnston and Bu- 
chanan.** On both of these some marginal notes by the llev. 
Mr. Samuel Say, one of Dr. Watts's fellow-pupils, and as such 
mentioned with 'due encomuims by Dr. Gibbons, are preserved 
in the Gent. Mag. 1780, p. 607. No one had a better taste, or 
a more thorough acquaintance witli the ('lassies, than Mr. fiay. 
It is no wonder tliercfore that he should prefer Buchanan to 
Johnston. Mr. Benson's other publications ('vhich possess some 
merit) were, " Vu'giVs Husbandly, or an Eisay on the (icorgics ; 
being the Second Book translated into Engli«h Verse : to which 
are added the Latin Text, and Mr. Dryden's Version, uith Notes 
Critical and Rustic. 17^4,** 8vo ; and " Letters concerning Poetical 
Translations,anaVirgir8and Milton's Arts ofVei'be,&c. 1739," ftvo. 
* In the Proposals for this Work it wa<i said, " The Collection 
will contain (exclusive of the papers reluint^ to the reigns of 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Queen Mary, and Queen Elizabeth, from the Year 
1542 to 1570. Transcribed from original Letters 
and other authentic Memorials, never before pub-* 
lished, left by William Cecil Lord Burleigh, and 
now remaining at Hatfield House, in the Library of 
the Right Honourable the present Earl of Salisbury* 
By Samuel Haynes*, A.M. Rector of Hatfield in 
Hertfordshire,*' folio. 

Henry VIII. Edward VI. and Queen Mary) ^ period of abore 50 
yearn, in which are comprised the several and successive minis* 
ti-ies of William Lord Burghley and his son Robert Earl of SaHs- 
buiy. The papers left by Lord Burghley will illustrate the 
history of the times, from his Lordship's establishment in the 
direction of public affairs, soon after j^een Elizabeth's accession 
to the throne, to the year of his death, 1598. Sir Robert Cecil 
(afterwards Eaii of Sahsbur)')* ^vho succeeded to a principal share 
In the administration, has left materials for continuing the pro* 
grcss of this Collection from the close of his father's ministry to 
that of his own, which determined byjiis death, in the year 1612. 
This Work, great part of which is liady for the press, will con- 
tain about four hundred sh^ts ; and will be printed on a super- 
fine Genoa paper, with the same character as the specimen an- 
nexed to the Proposals. Subscribers will be pleased to pay one 
guinea in advance, one guinea upon the delivery of the first two 
hundred sheets, and one guinea upon the delivery of the remain- 
der. Subscriptions are taken in for the Editor by Mr. Watson, 
at the China-shop in York-house, the comer of York-buildings 
in the Strand." London Evening Post, Feb. 24, lT?6-7. 

* Samuel Haynes, M.A. (son of Hopton Haynes, esq.) was tu- 
tor to the Earl of Salisbury, with whom he travelled, and who 
rewarded him, in June 1737» with the valuable rectory of Hat- 
field, Herts. In March 1743, on the death of Dr. Snape, he 
succeeded to a canonry at Windsor $ and in May 1747 he was 
presented also by his noble patron to the rectory of Qothall, 
,the parish in which the Earl of Salisbury's seat called jQuicks- 
wood is situated ; whcjie his pi-edeccssor. Dr. John Savage» had 
rebuilt the parsonage- house. Mr. Haynes, who died June 9, 
1752, was an amiable and chcarfiil companion. — His &ther (Hop- 
ton Haynes, esq.) was assay-master of the Mint, and principal 
Tally-w liter of tlie Exchequer ; in both which places he always 
beiiaved himself higlily worthy of the great trust reposed in him, 
being indefatigable and most feitbful in the execution of his 
offices. He was bom in 1672 -, and his first appointment was so 
early as 1696, to the place of weigher and teller in tliat depart- 
ment 3 and his services there, in X>ne or other capacity, ex- 
tended to a period of nioi"e tlian fifty years. Whethev he wrote 
any thing relating to the Mint, or money affkii-s in general, is 
not known ; but that he was anxious to maintain the independi- 


Digitized by 



" Acsldemiques de Ciceron, avec le Texte Latin 
de TEdition de Carnbrige, et des Reniarques nou- 

ence and prerogatives of bis office, is apparent, from a tract, in 
folio, which he printed, and privately dispersed, intituled, " A 
brief Enquiry rekiting to the Right of His Msjesty*s Royal Chapel, 
and the Privileges of his Servants within tlie Tower, in a Memorial 
addressed to the Right Hon. the I^rd Viscount l^nsdale. Con- 
stable of His Majesty's Tower of London," 1728, folio, signed 
H. Haynes ; and which is now become, from that circumstance, 
extremely scarce. We may conclucle, from his being in the 
Bfint at the time that Sir Isaac Newton presided there, and 
from his known piety, and love of learned conversation, that he 
had frequent intercourse, and ci\}oycd the good opinion of that 
excellent man 3 and, as a proof that the business of Manunon did 
not wholly engross his thoughts, or diveit his attention from 
better pursuits, he wrote, and left in the press at the time of his 
death, " The Scripture Account of the Attiibutes and Worship of 
God, and of the Character and Offices of Jesus Christ, by a candid 
inquirer after Truth/' 4to ; a curious and scarce book, which, 
from a religious regard to his &thcr*8 request, was published by 
his son after his death, and of which a second eflition appeareft 
in 1790. He was likewise the autiior of on excellent and well* 
written tract, intituled, " The Ten Commandments better tlian 
The Apostles* Creed." — ^He died at his house in Queen-square, 
Westminster, Nov. 19, 1749, at the age of 77. He was a most 
loyal subject, an affectionate husband, a tender fiither, a kind 
master, and a sincere friend 3 charitable and compassionate to 
the poor, a complete gentleman, and consequently a good Chris- 
tian. A portrait of him, 'engraved by Nugent, from a painting 
by Highmore, was published in Harding s '' Biographical Mirrour;" 
see Noble*s Continuation of Granger, vol. HI. p. ^56. The fol« 
lowing tribute was paid to his memory by Wells Eglesham, a 
worthy old journeyman printer, author of " A Short Sketch of 
English Grammar, 1779," 8vo \ a pleasant little volume of Songs, 
intituled, •' Mflnkey's Whims, 17(>9 j" and many fugitive essays 
m " The Public Advertiser ;" 

" Worthy the ablest Muse ! accept the lays. 
Accept my tribute, not thy due, of pi^e 1 
Mean tho' my verse, my theme shall be approT*d, 
Praising of thee — whom everj* good man iov*d. 
Who can repeat the virtues of Uiy mind ? "l 

Or who a virtue, thou possessed not, find ? f 

Great univei'sal friend of all mankind \ J 

O could my pen depict the glowing thought, 
"With which my warm, but heavy heart is draught, 
Pkas'd with th^ task, I 'd all diy virtues paint. 
But I desist, where Papers strong Muse mi^t faint." 
l)r. John Sixvage, the predecessor of Mr. Haynus at QotliaH 
(who had previously been rector of fiygrave, and was alsolecturer 
of St. George, Hanover-square) was' called the Aristippus of th« 
age. '♦ In his younger days," says Bishop Newton, " he had 

Digitize. ^~^*^le 


velles, outre les Conjectures de Davies & de Mons. 
Bentley, et le Commentaire Philosophique de Pierre 
Valentia, Jurisconsulte Espagnol; par un des Mem- 
bres de la Societe Royale," 12mo; and "Acade- 
mica, sive de Judicio erga Verum. Ex ipsis primid 
fontibus; opera Petri Valentiae Zafrensis, m ex- 
tremd Baetica Editio nova emendatior; Typis 
Bowyerianis," l2mo; both by Mr. (afterwards t)r.) 
David Durand *• 

travelled with ati Eaii of Salisbury, to whom he was indebted for 
a considerable living in Hertfordshire: and in his more advanced 
years wy a lively, j)leasant, facetious old man. One day at the 
levee George I. asked him, ' How long he hatl staid at Rome with 
Lord Salisbuiy ?* Upon his answering how longj * Why,* said 
the Kin^T> ' you staid long enough ; why did not you convert 
the Pope?' — ' Because, Sir,' replied he, * I had nothing better to 
otfer him !' Having been bred at Westminster, he had always a 
great fondness for the school, attended at all their plays and 
elections, a-siated in alt their public exercises, there grew young- 
again, and among boys was a'gi-eatboy himself. The King's 
scholars had so gtvat a regard for him, that, after his decease, 
which liappened March 24, 1747> they made a collection amon^ 
themselves, an^l at their own cliarge erected a moniunent to hia 
memory in the Cloysters." The monument the Bishop mentions 
is a small tablet of white marble on the right-hand side of the 
doQr leading into the Chapter-house, and is thus inscribed : 
" JoHANNi Savage, S.T. P. 
Alumni Scholae Westmonastcriensia 


Tu nastttc mcmor usque Scholae, dum vita manebat ; 

Musa nee immemores nos sinit esse Tui. 
Ipse loci Genius te moeret Amicus Amicum, 

Et luctu Pietas nos propiore ferit. 
Nobiscum assderas docto puerascere lusu^ 

Fudil et ingenitos cruda senecta sales. 
Chare Senex, Puer hoe te saltern carmine donat ; 

Ingratum Pueri nee tibi carmen erit.*' 

Dr. Savage used to attend the school, to furnish the lads with 
cxtempO)*e epigrams at the elections. — From -a similarity in their . 
character Im*. has bedn sometimes mistaken for Dr. IfiUiam 
Savage, rector of St. Anne Bjackfriars, who published a Seimon 
on the election' of a J^rd Mayor 1707> and one before the Sona 
of the Clei-gy 1/15 j wsDs elected master of Emanuel college 1719 j. 
and died Aug. ^;^17S^. 

* See voL I. p. 343.— In the title-pages of these books, in- 
stead of an ornament, a 6lank shield was printed, in which 
Mr. Dujand^ in many of the copies which he gaye away, wrote. 

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A new edition of Mr. Cheselden's Anatomy/' 8vo. 
In this year Mr. Bowyer purchased a monument *, 
which he intended should serve both for liis fetlier and 
himself. The stone was completed, except the in- 
scription ; and in that state 1 have frequently seen 
it on the outside of the mason's house at Hampstead, 
where it remained till, after having been exposed to 
the weather for 37 years, it was unfit for use. 

The following epigram . was written about this 
period by our learned printer : 

" In syllabaiii Ion gam in voce Vertiguwsus \ 
a D. Swift corrcptam. 
** Musaram antistes, Phoebi numerosus alumnus, 

Vix omries numeros Vertigiiwsits habct. 
Intentat charo capiti vertigo ruinam : 

Oh ! servet cerebro nata Minerva caput. 
Vertigo nimium hnga est, divine pocta ; 

Dent tibi Pierides, dbnet Apollo, brevem." ' 


In this year Mr. Bowyer corrected, and put into a 
convenient form, two very, useful little school-books, 
" Selectse k Veteri Testamento Ilistoriee," and " Se- 
lectae ex Profanis Scriptoribus Historiae." The 
prefaces to both these Volumes J were translited by 

in a remarkably neat hand^ some little compliment to ^he friend 
to whom he sent the book. And it is his picture (not Dr. John 
Savage's) which is in the chib-room at Rovston described by Mr. 
Gough in Gent. Mag. 1783, vol. LIIl. p. 814. 

* *' June 13, 1740. Received of Mr. William Bowyer icn 
pouiids, in part, for a monument to be erected at Low Lcyton. By 
me Rob. Scott." — ** Mem. Sept. 7, 1740. Paid him more rhrt'e 
pound*) one shilling j and agreed with him for twenty pounds 
when it is put up." Mu Bowyer, MS. 

t In the Dean's well-known epigram on his own deafncsis. 
Mr. Bowyer was of opinion, that the false quantity rendered the 
line more expressive of the malady under which Swift laboured. 
^ J Both these works were first published at Paris, in 1725 
and 1727, by Mons. Heuset, professor of Bcauv-ais college in 
Paris. The Author of the '* New Memou-s of Literature, 1727>** 
by the following account of these little books, tirst gave Mr. 
Bowyer the hint for re-printing them : " When childr-en liave 
made some proficiency in I^tin, 'tLs an usual thing to make 
them explain authors less easy, tlxat i«, ^ery diiHcult^ whom they 

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Mr. Bowyer ; and are-inserted in tlie quarto vplume 
of his " Miscellaneous Tracts.** 

From his press also ap})eared in this year the se- 
cond volume (in two parts *, containing the fourth, 
fi|TLh, and sixth books) of Mr. Warburton's Divine 
Lection -f-;" and a second edition also of "The 
Alliance between Church and State/' 8vo. 

tinderstaDd as well as they can, and who ai*e of no use to im* 
prove their mind, or their memory, because they i«ad them 
throughout, whereas they should only read select passages out 
of these authors, which might at the same time instruct and 
please them. Mr. Heusel, being sensible of this inconveniency, 
has compiled out of the best I^tin writers those passages that 
are .most instnictiye and agreeable, and placetl tbem metliodi- 
cally in a new collection, designed chiefly for the use of children, 
and yet useful to every body. He had two things in view, the 
clearness of thoughts and expressions, and the usefulness of 
the matters. With respect to clearness, he has frequently sup- 
pressed, in the maxims and histories collected by him, ' those 
thoughts that are either obscure, or too subtle ; he has changed 
those expressions that are too nice and .sublime, into others 
more simple ; he has contracted those that are too long, 
and preferred perspicuity and easiness to harmony. And because 
the* disposition of words in tlie Latin tongue is the greatest dif- 
ficulty for beginners, he thought it proper to place them in a 
more natural order, and more like that of the French and other 
ttiodeni languages. The author reduces to Prudence, Justice^ 
Fortitude, and Temperance, all themaxims and histories which 
^he has compiled, in oixier to compose a number of books equal 
to those moral virtues ; and he has prefixed to them a very short 
book concerning the Supreme Being, Religion, and the Nature 
of Man. llus work will be very useful to young scholars, and 
perhaps deserves to be re-printed in England." 

* To the end of Part II. was added, "An Appendix j contain* 
ing some Remarks on a late Book, intituled, ' Future Rewards 
and I\inishment8 believed by the Antients, particularly tlio 
Philosophers ; wherein some Objections of the Rev. Mr. Wai- 
burton, in his Divine Legation of Moses, are considered." 

t To the Letter fi-om this learned Author to Mr. Bowyer, p. 120 ; 
the follovving ones, dated March 3, 1739, and Nov. 24, 1740, will 
be proper companions. " Dear Sir, I esteem myself exceeding 
happy in such a learned printer, but much more in so candid a 
friend. To your very ingenious observations, which are, and 
always will be, an extreme pleasure to me, I liave only this to 
say: — ^You know I have endeavoured to shew, that the Antientf 
ai% ve^y confused in the nature of the ^Egyptian Hieroglyphics, 
and, by reason of the resembling nature of the several species, 
frequently confounded them with one another, and difiered 
much from one another. Thew tys^o Greek writers^ according 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


Dean Stanhope's translation of ^^ i^i(Ctetus*s 
florals/* a new edition, 8vo. 

to my sontiments, do so ^ it is certain Herodotus does from 
both. Now I appi'ehend, that, if this be tht case, whenever w^ 
find an instance of such cnnfuaion and contrariety, %ve are to 
take it for such, aaid not endeavour to reconcile them by emen- 
dations (as you liave veiy ingeniously done), on a supposition of 
the text's being coniipt. Otherwise, indeed, where the writer 
was perfect master of his subject, there, we must suppose, when 
we find confusion, and the writer's ideas clear, that tliere is 
corruption in the text. This I make a Canon in Criticism ; and 
I think it is one of the most useful as well as certdLin. But, if 
the Antients were confused in this matter, the Moderns are 
much more so, as you have given me an instance in the learned 
Baubuz. I sliould be much obliged to you to examine another 
thing. I find by yours, i! i\ a-Vfji'^o\ixi^, I have translated the 
other [i. e. 5d and 3d] SitmboU. Hie thing is now quite out of 
my head. But I think I make the UcaliKtiv to signify the sacer* 
dotal character by letters j and if so, according to my present 
ideas, the txi w^utuii ro*;csi4>» xu^*o>.oy*jc»^ should contain the two 
kinds. Epistolary and Sacerdotal. Piay, Sir, examine whether 
I have not conti-adictcd myself in this matter. If I have, it 
must be re-formed, and printed over again. If it be reconcileable 
with the rest, it must stand. Upon second thoughts, if i don't 
mis-remember, 1 make the Sacerdotal of two sorts, one by 
marks or images, and the other by letters. Perhaps I reconcile 
it in that manner ; but you will see (and I beg you would ex- 
amit\e carefully) and you will be best juilge. The great Mede 
had made an obseiTation, that he fancied thcRe^'elations, and 
other such writings of Scripture, might be greatly illustrated by 
the ^Igyptian Hieroglyphics. It was a noble thought ; and, I 
think, I shall much confirm it in this work. By what you 
quote from Daubuz, I fanc^ he took the hint. I have never 
seen it. I desire to know whether he says any thing consider- 
able on the subject. If he docs, I wisli Mr. G^les could lend me 
th(» book. You know best vhetlier he saj-s any thing 1 can 
make use of to my sulyect. — I have been very ill of an intermit- 
ting fevei', for which I have taken a great deal of the Bark. 
And this vexy instaat I am apprehensive of a relapse, being verj 
feverish, and having a good day and bad. I am, d^ Sir^ wita < 
much esteem and thanks. 

Your very aifectionate humble servant, W. W." 

*' Dear Sir, I jam extremely obliged to you for yoiu: cai^ 
with regard to the inclosed sheet, and your kind observatiom 
thereon. As to summatibus viris, that I took it to be. abL afasO'^ 
lute you may see by my translation in the 19 p.; and by the 
order in which I put the words p. 20 ; but you mislike the order 
of (he words with good reason : therefore I have altered it, and 
would have it Summatibus viris veri atcani consciis, sapientia in- 
terftrete: and this I think will do. The reason Tfhy I did not 
idd' their bdbog aU. absolute was« becausa-tb^t wa» not what mj 

VolM. ii advcmif 

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^* Artari Jonrtoni Psalmi Davidis, juxta editionem 
in usum Serenissimi Principis/ l2mo\ a neat edition. 

^* Epitres Morales, I^ettres Philosophiques^ et 
Traits Mathematiques/' par M. Silouette, 

adversary was mistaken in ; but only their being put in apposi- 
tion. .'ITic sheet won't beai' my ink. Pray take notice that I 
have scrawled out by mist^e part of the 31 and 32 lines in the 
20 p. — ^I think contenti usque ad venercUionem — or Flguris defen- 
dentihm secretum a vilitate usque ad venerationem, is scarce sense ; 
therefore I would have my interpretation stand, only altering the 
order of the words thus, contenti sint Reliqui Jiguris ad veneration 
nem excogUatis-^nor is there any thin^ here arbitrary; for Jigur is 
ad veneralia [venerationem] hsi figures jor veneralia [yenerationf.nijt 
as we say. I much like your id instead of vis, because it is 
xiearer the verb, though I think the sense is equally good ; and 
desire you would alter it, and the translation confo'i-mably to it, 
p. 25. As to indeed not so honest a wan, p. 96, if this &lse Pho 
cylides» whose work I have not seen, did endeavour to obtrude* 
his verses for the true Phocylidcs's, or wrote like a Heathen, 
then that censure must stand. But if he did not assume another 
personage, they must be struck out, for the good reason you gi^ e. 
- 1 leave thb therefore to you. Only, if the \\Titer was not to 
blame, tlie words Cheat p. 26, and Forgery p. 27* must be struck 
out too. P. 28. The voice of one crjing you very justly except 
to j therefore I desire it may be stmck out, and the words with 
his put in their room. I am sorry that my seemg the sheets 
proves an inconvenience to you -, but my obligation is great . 
You see here what advantage it is to me, by your judicicus re- ' 
marks. — I have a Postscript to be added to this appendix, which 
will make a good part of a sheet : It is in answer to two re- 
flexions Master Sykes thought fit to honour the Divine Legation 
with. Pray tell Mr. G}les, I shall send it up the latter end of 
this week. I am, with the best acknowledgements for this 
favour, dear Sir, your most alFe^^tionatc humble ser\ant, W. W. 
** The sending me the wicets before printed off is a great sen ice 
to me, because 1 \vTote this Ap^iendix in a great hurry and 
veiy negligently. 1 am- sorty it is inconvenient to you." 
Again, "March 9, 174 1. I am much obliged to you for send- 
ing me Morgan's book, for Morgan's it is ever}' line speaks; and 
f uch execrable stuff the sun never saw ^ and next to writing so 
bad, would be answering so bad a writer. On the oth^r side are 
two additions, which will occasion the reprinting two leaves in 
the second volume, and an addition of one leaf. The first is an 
addition at p. 591, with as much as \^t11 make a leaf. So it is 
only giving the number 591 to two leaves as if it was a mistake. 
The other is at p. 627- and only to blot out one scoundrel to put 
in another, which is all the revenge I sliall take. I hope you will 
make sliift in the reprinting the leaf to get in the little note ; in 
pixier to .whi(li there need be no new paragraphs, but the Mnes 
nontinuetl. And if you can find any unnecessary words that 
mAy be left out, you may dismiss them. 1 can find none." 

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1741.] THE £IGI1T££NTH CENTURY. 147 

The first volume of an edition in French of Mr. 
Samuel Richardson^s * celebrated "Pamela," in 12mo. 

On the 8th of November 1/41, died of an apo- 
plexy Mr. Fletcher Gyles, bookseller in Holbom> 
treasurer of the charity-school in Hatton Garden, 
and an intimate friend of Mr. Bowyer, in whose 
hand-writing I find the original of an undirected 
letter -f-, which, though written in the chartfctar of , 
Mr. Gyles's executor, is evidently Mr. Bowyer*s 
composition, and shews that he wished at least to 
return by his kindness ta the surviving daughters 
the good; offices he had constantly experienoed in 
business from their father : 
"Rev. Sir, 

" Mr. Bowyer having at my request acquainte4 
you of my brother (iyles's death, I think myself 
obliged to assure you of the same honourable deal- 
ings from his family:}:, that you might have ex- 
pected from him if livinfj: for I should be very 
sorry to lose from it so good a friend, and one for 
whom my brother had such a particular esteem. 
I cannot pretend to judge of the value of books or 
copies ; nor have 1 yet informed myself what profits 
have arose from j'ours, a marked sale coming on 
so close upon my brother*s death, that it has en- 
gaged the chief of my attention ; but, if you will 
be pleased to favour me with a line to let me know 
what your expectation^ are for the impressions of 
your books that have been already sold, and for 
the right of copy of those that are now in the press, 
1 have great reason to hope I shall comply with 
them. 1 wish this affair had been settled by my 
brother himself; but as it was not, I shall endea- . 
vour to represent him in every respect, and be an 
executor not only of his will, but of his intention 
as far as I can discover it. Collet Mawhood." 

* Of this eminent Printer and very excellent >{ovelli0t see tho. 
"Essays and Illustrations;* voLV. No. XIV. 

t Most probably intended for Mr. Warburton.—- Mr. Gyles was 
publisher of '' The Alliance/' and of *^ The Divine L^i^n.** 

X Mr. Gvles left two unmarried daughten. 

L« 1742» 

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1(1 this year Mr. Bowyer was the editor as well 
2^ the printer of "Lectures on Poetry, read in the 
Schools of Natural Philosophy at Oxford, hy Joseph 
Trapp, A.M. Fellow of Wadham College, and 
Rteder of Poetical Lectures lately founded in that 
University by Henry Birkhead*, LL.D. sometime 
Fellow of All Souls College ; translated from tlie 
Latin, with additional Notes.** 

This work appears, from various letters of Mr. 
Clarke ^f*, to have been a joint production with 

* Henry Birkhead, born in 1617 near St. Paul's cathedral in 
London, after having been educated under the famous Famabie^ 
1MUI entered a commoner of Trinity college, Oxford, in 1633 ; 

' admitted scholar thei-e May 2S, 1635, and soon after wbs seduced 
to become a member of the college of Jesiuts at St. Omer's. He 
soon, however, returned to the Church of £ng]and, and, by the 
patronage of Archbishop iiaud, w^as elected fellow of All Souls 
in 1638, being thea B. A. and esteemed a good philologist. He 
proceeded in that feculty, was made Senior of the Act celebrated 
in 1641> and eutei'ed on the law line. He kept his fellowship 
during the time of the Usurpation ; but resigned it after the 
Restoration, when he liecame registrar of the diocese of Nor- 
nfifih. This too he resigned in 1684 ; and resided first in the 
Middk Temple, and then in other places, in a retired and scho> 
lastic condition^ for many years. " He was accounted,** says 
Wood, ** an excellent Latin poet, a good Grecian, and well 
veiled in all human learning." His wonis are, 1. " Poematia in 
Bkgiaca, iwibica, Polvinetra, Antitechnemata et Metaphrases, 
membranatim ijuachipartita, 1656,*' Svo ; ^. " Otium literarum; 
siye Miscellanea quaedam Poemata, &c. 1656,** 8vo. He also 
published in 4to^ with a Preface, 165^, some of the philological 
ii^Orks of his intimate friend Henry Jacob, who had the honour 
of teachiog Selden the Hc'brew language, or at least of improving 
him iait. Dr. Birkhead also wrote several Latin elegies on the 
loyalists who had sufFei'ed in the cause of Charles the First, 
iChich are scattered in vaiious printed books, and many of them 
subscribed H: G. — ^Henry Birkhead, author of" Colon's Fury,'* a 
t^'Cdy on the Irish rebellion, was a different person. Seo 
Wood's Athena, vol. IL p. 1006. 

* " As to Tirapp, I own I have been very n^ligent in trans* 
lating3 both his matter andjny own interruptions have prevented 
10^ having any great taste*'or opportunity for it ; but I shall go 
through it time enough, I hope/ for you to coire^t before it is in 
the press« I would by no means have you drop it, but here and 
ihexe hespMilb a few notes, to ^ve it an advantage above th* 
Latin.** Mr, Clarke (o Mr^ Bwyer, in 1737. 


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that gentleman. Each of them translated particu- 
lar parts^ and it was l^ to Mr. Bowyer to adcjpt 
such passages from Mr. Clarke as he thought pro- 
per *. Lit his own account of this work speak 
for itself: 

* "I would fiun make thia packet look as big as pofisible^ 
that you might receive it with some pleasure^ thov^h you read 
it with indignation. lam ashamed indeed to send 'so small a 
part, when it has lain so long by me j but I must confess the 
truth ; As seme of your othei* joumeyinen can never work with 
JOL penny in their pockety it is my misfortune to be of thdr xtdtA, 
as long as I have time to spare. As to. the work^ I question 
much whether you will like this sample -, it may very probably 
not agree with yours ; but then you Imve full power to do what 
you please with it, and take here and there a line, where -you 
approve of it most 5 and this perhaps may give you as OQUch 
trouble as doing the whok. That logical way of sifting and 
canvassing definitions is not very pleasant to r^ or translate. 
I think I have kept too close to the original, though I hav^ 
sometimes taken the liberty to add a faiv words wheti I thoQgfat 
them neGes8ary> eidier to clear and cx]^n a thought, or to give 
a little more strength to it. I wish I had taken the same liberty 
in retrenching now and then ; for the same ideas are sometimes 
pursued too &r in different words, where our language will not 
bear the change, or fiimish us with a proper variety so well as 
the Latin. The connexion of his sentences is often extremely 
careless; but that is of no moment. As to poetry, 1 have ti^anr- 
lated, or altered, or barely transcribed, just as it pleased mv 
own humour. Some quotations were not, that I know c#, 
translated any where, and others were so done, that the words 
which the quotation turned upon were quite dropped. It wa^ 
necessary to make them speak in EnglLii\ to the same purpose 
they were produced i^pr in Latin, that the English reader might 
gu^ why they came there. But I shall tro«ible you no farther 
upon this business, but only to teU you, that I could not forbear 
adding three or four notes ; you have laughed at one of them 
already, but I cannot forbear thinking the author is mistaken in 
that point, till I see more reason to be of his opinion, and the rest 
are mere trifles, only they are not very long ones. I o%vn thait 1 
think you do nothing, unless you scatter a few notes up and down, 
something that is not in the original, whether right or wrong; *tis 
true taste in trade,* whatever you may think of it j but I am ill- 
fixmished for such an undertaking. I have neither Vossius not 
Scaliger, nothing in that way. Who is this Father Brumoy, that 
Theobald mentions ? would he not now and then give you pretty 
hints ? Enquire about him/' Letter from Mr. Clarke, Dec. 9, 
1737.— This gentleman, however, speaks very slightingly of the 
book in anoSier letter without date : " I now begin to think 
that your translation of Trapp*s Praelections will take; for it is 
really but a very superficial took. Though, for the future, I 

desire jlp 


*^ Whatever reasons have been given for translat- 
ing Virgil, *nd writing an English Comment on 
him, may be urged in behalf of these English Lec- 
tures; which, as they are an illustration of Poetry 
in general, so are they of Virgil in particular. The 
notes to this edition were chiefly added as it went 
through the preai ; in which, though I sometimes 
differ from my ingenious Author, yet I hope not 
with greater freedom than he has taten with others, 
and will pardon in me. I am well aware how easy 
it is to let some mistakes slip in the heat of com*^ 
position; and when these had once passed the press, 
the author, I suppose, was not very solicitous to re^ 
examine minutely the subsequent editions; satis* 
fied with the approbation he had received from that 
learned Body, before whom his Lectures were first 
delivered : an honour which I shall never wish to 
see diminished by any thing I can say, or any one 
else; and shall now therefore with much greater 
pleasure take this opportunity of repeating the tes- 
timony of them from Mr. ^elton *. The several 
passages cited from Virgil are printed in English 
from Dr. Trapp's Version. Tne other Poetical 
Translations without a name the Editor is to be 
accountable for; though he. wishes he hac( as good 
a title to the excellence of two or three of them, as 
he has to the imperfections of the rest.'* 

In this year Mr. Bowyer printed, among other 
books. Dr. Mangey*s -f- edition of " Philonis Judsei 

desire that we might always zay Lectures, in the modem style j 
PraUctions will never do in town. He has ofifended me very 
piuch by affecting to find fault with Vossiiis upon every little 
occasion; and therefore you musi excuse roe if I now and 
then speak peevishly of the Doctor. I have endeavoured to 
snake Aristotle's definition of Tragedy intelligible; and I tliink I 
liave taken the right sense of it^ ^^'hich perplexed )is a little last 
summer. Tlie Monita, Note, &c. which I have added to the 
translation you are to do just what you ple&se with. I wrote the 
notes in a ^eat hurry this morning j And if they are not sense, 
or too loxig, or too short, or too insignificant, alter them lo 
your taste, or destroy them, as you think best." 

* See these in the Preface to Frlton*s Dissertations^ p. xxi. 
' t To the account given of Dr. Mangey in vol. I. p. 134, may 
he added th^ foljpwing speech -, ,whiic,h^ in the name of the Dhsm 

^ , and 

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Opera quae reperiri potuerunt," two volumes, folio. 
Hody *, " De Graecis lUustribus/* published by 
Dr. Samuel Jebb, 8vo. 

and Chapter of Durham, he made to Bishop Crewe^ on his first 
arrival in their city, on Thursday July 12, 1722. 

" My Loi-d, 1 ani, in the name of my brethren, to bid you 
T^Tlcome into this your country, and to wish you the long pos- 
session and happy administration of this diocese and county- 
palatine. It is with satis&ctioa that we behold you vested with 
a double chai-acter, and <ian pay,respect and duty to you both as^ 
onr spiiitual and civil superior. His M^esty, with a good grace^ 
and great justice, bestows this branch of antient Regalia upon 
one, whose services to himself have been so many and eminent, 
and who by descent h-om noble bloody and an entail of nobl^ 
qualities, is so well qualified to manage the rights, and support 
the dignity, of so high a station. But, my Lord, your revenues 
and jurisdiction are not the only suliiject of our congratulations ; 
but we must likewise add to these, what must be much dearer 
to you in your spiritual capacity, the good order and regularity 
of your Diocese. We may venture to assure your Lordship (and 
to the steady vigilance of your two immediate Predecessors it is 
owing), that in this See there are as few defects to supply, «ui 
few tares of heresy and fadse doctrine to weed out, as few 
abuses deserving episcopal correction, as in any other of the 
kingdom. Yom* Lordship comes now to preside over a Laity 
weQ affected to our excellent Chxurch and your episcopal cha- 
racter J over a Clergy orthodox, and stiictly conformable with 
our Canons, Articles, and Kubricks ; and over a Chapter, wlio 
hath hitherto been so happy, as neither to feel the censure, nor 
incur the displeasure, of their Visitor. Since our erection, our 
Body hath never had any contests or disputes of right with their 
Diocesans : there have been no attempts for unbounded power 
on either side, nor any struggle for unstatuteable exemption and 
independency on ours 3 but we have all along lived in perfect 
amity and correspondence with them, as our Patrons and spiri- 
tual fathers at home, as our Guardians and protectors at Coiut. 
Such hath been our happiness, my Lord, for near ^o centuries ^ 
and we hope fur the continuance of it under your Lordship's 
gentle and wise admiiiisti-ation. We promise ourselves, that a 
double portion of that beneficent spirit, with which our ever 
honoureid patron Lord Crewe was blessed, and with which he 
made all about him happy, rests now upon your Lordship. And 
we have nothing ereater to wish you in this- world, than that 
you may meet with the same returns of affection and res})ect, 
from all i-anks of men, and the like measure of health, long 
Hfs, antl prosperity, fiom Divine Providence." ^ 

* Himiphi-ey Hody was descended fh)m an antient &Lmily in 
Somersetshire, and bom 1659, at Odcombe, in that county, of 
which his father was rector. He. was admitted s^t Wadham col- 
>ge 1676, and fellow there 1684 5 and, when he was barely 

, - turned 

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Heister'ft " Surgery," 2 vols. 4to, • 

The First and Fifth Volumes of Df. Birch*s edi-^ 
tion of " Thurloe's State Papers," folio. 

*^ Liber Jobi in Versiculos metrice divisus, cum 
Versionc Latin&- Alberti Schultens, Notisque ex 
ejus Commentario excefptis ; quotquot ad divinum 
plan^ Poema illustrandum (quoad vel argument! 
materiam et filum, vel sensuum pathos & sublimi- 
tatem, vel styli copiam et elegantiam) necessarise 
videbantur. Edidit, atque Annotationes suas ad 
metrum praecipu^ spectantes, adjecit Hicardus Grey, 
S,T. P. Accedit Canticum Mojrsis, Deut. xxxii, 
cum Notis Variorum," 8vo. 

A third edition of the Fir?t Volume of " The 
Divine Legation*," and a second edition of the 

turned of 20, wrote against Aristeas' history of the LXX Inter- 
preters. He publibhed several polemical tracts against the Non- 
juror's and about the Convocation, and in 1674 a learned Latin 
work on the Original text and Greek and Latin Vulgate veiBions 
of the Bible. Tlie piece above mentioned (contsuning an account 
of those learned Grecians who retired to Italy before and after the 
taking of Constantinople by the Turks, and i*estorcd the Greek 
tongue and learning in the West) remained in IMS. till 1742 
(see vol. r. p. 16 1 ) . Dr. Hody dird Jan. ^O, 1 706*, and was buried 
in the chapel of Ids coll<^, in which he founded ten scholarships 
of ten pounds each, five for the study of the (ireck, and five for 
that of the Hebrew languages. Dr. Jebb prefixed to this book 
memoirs of its author in Latin, from im English life by himself. 
* The correspondence of the learned Author with his Printer was 
thus continued : " March 31,1 74? . I hear nothing from you al>out 
the finishing the first volume of the Divine Legaticm. But perhaj^s 
there may be at this time some letter -from you lying at Ncw'arke. 
I hope you received n;y last letter, where were t\vo additions to 
be inserted in reprinted leaves. At the end of tliat note relating 
to Morg-an pray add: [ — he hath, I hear, lately wrote against the 
Divine Legation of Moses under the name of a Society of Free- 
thmkers, by the same kind of Fl^re that He in the Gospel called 
himself Legion, who only was the forwardent Devil in the Crcip.]-— 
1 suppose Mr. Knapton has put a new edition of my Commentarj- 
bn the Essay on Man into your hands. I beg it may be printci 
correctly. I make my corrections and additions as intelligible as 
I can to the compositor. Won't it be proper, when these new 
editions of the Divine Legation are published, when the second 
rolume is advertised, to say, to wliich is added a Letter to the Lord 
Bp. of Lichfield and Coventry 9 I have read over the second volume 
of the Divine Legation ; but f here wants the last sheet of the 
hodk, and the last leaves of the Appendix. There are but few 


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1743-] THE ElGIfTS^Km C?ENTURY. 153 

Second Volume*, the whole corrected and enlai^ed, 
and the work announced jn the title-page to be *^ In 
Nine Books/* 8vo. 

errata ; and if that cursed erratum in the long note of the Bp. of 
Salisbury's Letter to me about Abraham's offering Isaac i^'as but 
rectified by reprinting, I think there would be no occasion for a 
list of errata. My best respects to Mrs. Bill [who soon after was 
Mn. Bowyer], — Again, " Jipril 10. I am glad the Divine Lega^ 
tlon is in such forwardness. When the second volume is adver- 
tised;- I would have tlie Letter to the Bishop of Litchfield men- 
tioned. I hope you have gc^t the fit«t edition of the Alliance, 
£oc I have no.*: ono of them by -me. While 1 think of it, I deaijfe 
that the fli*st and ;>econd volumes, when printed, may be sent to 
Mr, Pope, Lord Orrery, Lord Chesterfield, stitched j Mr. Murray, 
handsomely bound; and the Alliance with it, bound in the same 
manaer. . The seccmd volume I wocdd hare leat to the Kshop of 
Salisbury, aud to Mr. Silouette inCo France, both stitched ^ the 
first volume to the honourable Charles Yorke^ esq. at Bene't col- 
1^, and to the Kcv. Mr. Goddard at Clare hall, stitched both. 
These are what I think of at present ; and I hope Mr. Gyles'is 
executor will take care to see aU this done. Pray, when yon 
fiee Mr. P6pe, ask him whether the first and second volume must 
not be sent to dxford j and follow his directions about it. Be so 
good to let me know when those to Lord Chesterfield and Mr. 
Murray are delivered; for I must write to them.— I de^re by 
ail means tkit p. 9 of the Preface may be reprinted, with the 
note on the other side added* It will make two leaves instead 
of one. The wrong marking of the pages will be nothing. I 
uiU excuse the reprinting the Bishop of Salisbury's mote, if it 
be not done. I think 1 did not mention in my last that the first 
and second volumes must be sent handsomely bound to Ralph 
Allen, esq. at Widcombe near Bath. I beg this may be taken 
care of. The provocation Law has given is intolerable. I saw 
it but by accident." — " May 8. I am amazed I have heard 
aothing from you of late, or of the publication of the new edi- 
tions of the Divine Legation 3 and am afi'aid you are or have beea 
ill. Mawhood uses both me and Mr. Gyles's daughters very ill 
in tfa]3 neglect. But he has not as yet so much as sent me my 
account, nor settled the balance in ordeV to pay me what is due 
to me according to agreement. I hope the present-books, which 
I ordered in two or three of my last to you, are by this time de» 
fiTCped ; particularly those to Mr. Murray and Lord Chesterfield, 
because I have sent them word tliat they were ordered Pray be 
so good to take care that the first voltmie stitched be immedi- 
ately sent to Mr. Lyttelton, the Prince's Secretary, in Pall Mall ; 
and the second volume, stitched, to my Lord Carteret, in my 
name. Pray tell the people concerned, that I am impatient for 
the publication of the Divine Legation. I see. notwithstanding 
all their pretences, now Mr. Gyles is gone, a strange neglect." 

* To this was also annexed a second edition of the Appendix 
already mentioned, mih a P. S. in answer to the " Principles and 

^ Connexioof dp 

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" A Critical and Philosophical Commentary on 
Mr. Pope's Essay on Man ; in which is contained 
a Vindication of the said Essay from the Misrepre- 
sentations of Mr. De Resnel, die French translator, 
and of Mr. X)e Crousaz, Professor of Philosophy 
and Mathematicks in the Academy of Lausanne, 
the Commentator," 8vo; and the additional Book 
of the Dunciad, in 4to, very highly to the satis- 
faction both of the Poet and of his learned Com- 
mentator. " I thank you for all your care,'' says 
Mr. Pope on this occasion.— And Mr. Warburton 
tells him, " I am glad you have been printing for 
Mr. Pope. Don^t mention to any, I beg of you, 
your suspicion about the Notes. Is it not a noble 
poem ? Mr. Knapton has sent me the specimen of 
the Commentary on the Essay, which I like ex- 
tremely well. . 1 thank you for your observation on 
the quotations fipom the Optics*. You are certainly 
Hght ; they should be in English. I don't know 
when I shall be in London again ; but I have never 
more pleasure there than when I loll and talk to you 

Connexions of Natural and Revealed Religion, by Arthur Ashley 
Sykea, D. D." and a Ijetter to Bishop Snialbrokc, on his neur 
pi-inted "Chai^ to the Clergy' 1741." — A short Advertis^^inent 
prefixed to this Appendix presen'es a curioiig anecdote : *' The 
Author of the Pamphlet here examined hath lately made a public 
confession of his authot-ship, sighed with his own name j and 
thereby saved himself from all farther correction of tliis kind. 
For he who is so lost to shame as a writer to own what he before 
wrote, and so lost to shame as a man to own what he hath 
vow iKiitten, must needs be past all amendment, the only rea- 
sonable view in correction. I shall therefbi-e but do, what in- 
deed (were it any more than repeating what he himself hath dis- 
covered to the publick) would be justly reckoned the crudest of 
all things, tell my reader the name of this Miserable, which we 
find to be J.TiHard." The gentleman so severely handled here 
had been bred in the mercantile profession, with a strong tinc- 
ture of literature. — John Tilllrd, esq. died at his house in Great 
James-street, Bedford-row, in December 1773. His son Richard, 
vicar of South Leverton, in the county of Nottingham, pub- 
lished *' Thoughts .concerning tlie Safety and Expediency of 
granting Relief to the Clergy in Matter of Subscription, occasi- 
oned by Mr. Wollaston's Address, 1773,** 8vo 5 and some Tract 
relative to H\une*s History, 8vo. 
« This wants an explanation, which 1 am not nhle. to gi% e. 

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at my e^se,'dequolib€t entey in your dining-room*. 
You don*t tell me how you like my improvements 
of the Commentary, lliank you for your care of 
commissions. — I am glad the Dunciaa has such a 
run. The Greek, 1 know, will be well printed in 
your edtion, notwithstanding the absence of ScniBn 


In this year he also printed the "Senilia" of his old 
friend Mr. M^ittaire; and was Editor of the seventh 
volume of " Dr. Swift's Miscellanies;" an Author 
with whose writings he had long been pecuharly 
conversant; many of the Dean's separate tracts 
having originally passed through his hands, and 
some of them having been illustrated by his notea. 
The seventh volume is thus introduced : ^* The fol- 
lowing sheets have been collected and published to 
gratify the vnshes of all jpeople of taste, who have 
not been famished with tne Dublin edition of 
Dean Swift's Works, That edition was corrected 
and revised, as his printer Mr. Faulkner intimates, 
by some of the Authors friends; or (in another 
place, perhaps more truly) by the Author himself; 
an advantage, as that Editor rightly remarks, which 
the London booksellers could not have. To that 
Dublin edition we are obliged for the following 
volume, some tracts excepted ; such as ^ A Proposal 
to Parliama[it for preventing the Growth of Popery;* 
—^ Free Thoughts on the State of Affairs,' 1714; — 
^ Apology to Lady Carteret, for not dining with her 
Ladyship, &c.' — ^AU which have been universally 

♦ This was neither the first nop the strongest expression of 
the regard enteitained for Mr. Bowyer by Mr. Warburton (see 
p. 120). It is not however |o be concealed, that a difierence 
al^erwards arose, in which, as is not uncommon, each party %vas 
confident that he was right Mr. Bowyer (who thought hiniself 
l^g|lted) iias not unfi«quently remarked, that, after the death of 
our Eru^fish Hbmer (which happened May 30, 1744), the letters 
^ his learned friend '^ wore a difierent complexion." But per- 
haps this may be one of the many instances, which occur through 
life, of the impropriety of judging for ourselves in cases which 
affect eur interest or our feelings. 


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Google j 


ascribed to our Author, though the Irish Editor has 
thought proper, or been commanded, to omit them » 
Many of the following tracts are political^ and once 
made what is called a noise in the ivorld; they were 
universally esteemed, even by those of the opposite 
party, particularly that of ' The Conduct of the 
Allies,' which will remain for ever a light into the 
affairs then transacting in Europe ; an aera not the 
least remarkable in history. It must be acceptable 
to the 'possessors of ^ Gulliver's Travels,' to have an 
opportunity to correct the text by our comparison 
of the Dublin edition with those of London, which 
is to be found at the end of this volume*. It is 
surprizing, that any one could have been so stupid 
as to interpolate any production of this inimitable 
writer. The papers written by our author in f The 
Examiner' (which commence at No. 13, and end at 
44 "f") gave, at the time of publication, a general 
pleasure or pain, satisfaction or disquiet, as people 
were inclined. A spirit of liberty diffuses itself 
through. all his writings^ and proves him, as the 
Dublin Editor has it, an enemy to tyranny and 
oppression in any shape whatever ^ 

** The Life of the Right Honourable Sir Francis 
North, Baron of Guilford, Lord Keeper of the Great 
Seal under King Charles the Second ; wherein are 
inserted the Characters of Sir Matthew Hale, Sir 
George Jeflferies, Sir Leoline Jenkins, Sidn^ Go- 
dolphin, and other the most eminent Lawyers and 
St^tesmien of that time.'* 4to. 

* Under the title of *' Some particular Passages in Gullivers 
Travels, compared with the Dublin Editions.'* Thifl compansojti^ 
I believe, is to be found only in t))^ edition here noticed. 

t lids is a alight mistuke. Swift's ExamineiB were wyoog 
numbered in all &e early editions of his Works. His iiFBt was 
published Nov. % 1710 ; and in the original edition is markod 
No. 14. His last, the first part of No. 46, dated #une 14, 171 1,. 
which had been omitted in foi-mer editions, 1 have since restored*' 
The wrong numbering arose from Mr. Barber's having omitted 
the original No. 13 (a paper on Non-resistance), when he first 
collect^ the Examiners into a rolume. 


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In tills year Mr. Bowyer printed the First Volume 
of ^' Dr. Pococke's * Travels through the East,'' 

The Greek Testament printed this year for the 
Company of Stationers is remarkably correct. At 

* Dr< Richard Pococke, who was distantly related to the learned 
Orientalist Dt. Edward Pococke (being son of Mr. Richard Po-i 
cocke, sequestrator of the church of All Saints in Southamp- 
ton, and head-master of the free-school there^ by the oidy 
daughter of the Rev. Mr. Isaac Milles, of whom see p. 159) re- 
ceived his school kaming at Southampton, and his academical 
education at Corpus Cli^isti college, Oxford} took his degree 
of UL B. May 5, 1731 ; and that of LL. D, (being then precen- 
tor of Lismoi-e) June 28, 1733 3 together with Dr. Seeker, then 
rector of St James*s, and afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury. 
He began lus Travels into the East in 1737* retunied in 1743 $ and 
published in 1743 tlie first part of his Travels, under the title of " A 
Description of the East, and of some other Countries. Vol. I. Ob- 
sen-ations on Eg}'pt." He was made precentor of Waterford in 
1744 5 and in 17-^5 he printed the second volume of bis Tiuveb,- 
under the title of " Observations on PaliBstine or the Holy Land, 
Syria, Mesopotamia, Cyprus, andCandia /' which he dedicated to tlie 
Earl of Chesterfield, then newly made lord-lieutenant of Ireland^ 
attended his Lordship thither as one of liis domestic chaplains ; 
and, was soon after appointed archdeacon of Dublin, (See an 
eiogium of liis Description of f^ypt in '* Papli Emesti Jabloaski. 
Pantheon ^ ! i^'ptioruia, Prsefat ad part, iii.'*) He peneti'ated 
no &rt]ier up the Nile than to Philse, now Gieiii^t £11 Hieretf ; 
whereas Mr. Nonlen, in 1737, went as for as Derri, between the 
two cataracts. The two travellers are supposed to liave met on 
the Nile, in the ^neighbourhood of Esnay, in January 1 73S. (Nvr^ 
den^i Travels, English Edition, 8vo. p. 188). But the fact, as 
Dr. Pococke t9ld some of his friends, was, that being on his return, 
not knowing that Mt. Norden was gone up, he passed by him 
in the night, without having the pleasure of seeing him. There 
was an admirable whole length of Dr. Pococke, in a Turkish 
dress, painted by Liotard, in the possession of the late Dr. Mille^^ 
Dean of Exeter, his first cousin. He was a great traveller, and 
visited other places besides the East. His description of a Rock 
on the West side of Dunbar harbour in Scotland, resembling 
the Giants Causeway, is in Phil. Traa9. vol. LI 1. art. 1 7 ; and in the 
Arehftologia, vol II. p. 32» his account of some antiquities found 
in Ireland.— '^ One quarto volume of his Letters, containing his 
Tnveb in England, Scotland, and the adjacent Islands, is lost i 
the rest were, in 1768, in the hands of the late Dean MiUes, 
and there, if any where, were his Remarks on the Isle of Man." 


Digitized by 



the end of the Gospels, in a copy of this volume, 
Mr. W. Clarke thus writes: "Inter varias Novi 
Testamenti editiones correctiorem vix xeperias.** 

{Lady HeltotCs Letter to Dr.Ducarel, 17^8.]—" When travelling 
through Scotland [where he preached several tmies to crowded 
eongrogations], he stopped at Dingwal, and said he was much 
struck and pl^ised with its appearance ; for the situation of 
it brought Jenisalem to his remexnbfance« and he pointed out 
the hill which resembled Calvary." fCordvner^s Letters on the 
- North of Scotland, p. 64.) The same similitude was observed by 
Win in regard to Dartmouth.— In March 1756 Dr. Pococke was 
promoted by the Duke of Devonshire to the bishoprick of Ossory, 
vacant by the death of Dr. Edward Maurice. He preachei 
a Sermon in 1761 for the benefit of the Magdalen charity in 
London j and one in 1762 before the Incorporated Socioty in 
Dublin, for promoting English Protestant Working Schools in 
Ireland j both which were printed. He was translated, by the 
King's letter, from Ossory to Elpliin, in June 1765, Bishop Gore 
of Elphin being then promoted to Mcath ; but Bishop Gore, 
finding a great sum was to be paid to his predecessor's executors 
, Ibr the house at Ardbracean. declined taking out his patent; and 
therefore Bishop Ptx:ocke, in July, was translated by the Duke 
Vif Northumberland directly to the see of Meath ; and died, in 
the month. of September the same year, suddenly, of an apo- 
plectic stroke, whilst in the comse of his visitation. His Colle<s 
tion of antiquities and fossils was sold, by Mess. Langford, June 5 
and 6, 1766. Among these was a singular petrified echinus, 
foiihd in a chalk-pit in Bovingdon parish, in Hertfordshire j 
which Sir Thomas Fludyer bought for three guineas 5 Mr. Sejr- 
mour oflfercd five guineas for it at his sale ; Mr. Foster six 
guineas; and it sold for ten. Among the MS treaiurea in the 
British Museum are several volumes (4811 — 4827) the gift of 
Bishop Pococke- viz. "Minutes and Registers of the Philosophi- 
cal Society at Dublin, from 16S3 to 1687, with a copy of the 
papers read before them 5" and " Register of the Pliilosophidai 
Society of Dublin, from Aug. 14, 1707, with coj^es of some of 
the papers read before them ;" also " Several Extracts taken o*it 
of the Records of Bermingham's Tower j" *' An Account of the 
tVanciscan Abbeys, Houses, and Frieries, in Ireland/' and many 
other curious articles of Irish History.— The Philosophical Society 
was founded, on the plan of the Royal Society of London, in 1683, 
by Mr. William Molyneux, the friend and correspondent of Mr, 
Locke, under the encouragement of Sir William Petty, who was 
the first president, as Mr. Mo1>ticux was the first secretary, in 
which post he was succeeded by Mr. Saint George Ashe, profes- 
sor of mathematicks in the university of Dublin. The Society 
met at first weekly ; and their minutes were from time to time 
communicated to the Royal Society. In the confusion of 1688 
they were dispersed, and never resumed their meetings. Gough's 
IBritish Topography, vol. II. p. 776. 


Digitized by 


1 743 •} THE £I6HT££MTn CBNTURY, i 5^ 

** Original Letters and Papers of State^ addressed 
to Oliver Cromwell, concerning the AiTairs of Gveat 
Britain, from the Year l6*49 to 1658, foimd among 
the Political Collections of Mr. John Milton ; now 
first published from the Originals */' folio ; pub- 
lished by Mr. JohnNickoUs-}-, F.R. and A, SS. and 
inscribed to Arthur Onslow, esq* 

Isaac Milles, mentioned in p. 157i was bom September 19, 163S» 
at Cockfield, near Buiy^ in SuiTulk ; and was the youngest of 
eleven children of Mr.Tliomas Milles, of that place 3 all of whom 
he bre<l up^ and, by Ids prudence and good management, placed 
mit consfortably in the world. After his education at Bury school 
he went to St. Jdhn*s college in Cambridge^ where he took his 
degrees in Aits , and, going into orders, he was, successively, 
curate of Barley, undi^i' the veiy learned Dr. Joseph Beaumont ^ 
vicar of Wiccomb; and lastly^, rector of Highclcar, a small village 
in Hampshire, whei*e he ever after constantly resided, in the 
most exemplary exercise of his function, for the long space of 
««ar forty years, till his death, in July 1720, at the age of 8^. 
He was buned in the chancel of his own church, under a black 
marble stone, on which is a hnig inscription to the memorj* of 
himself and wife, in the Register, also, ver}' fall and honour- 
able mention is made of him. This Divine |)ossessed such strength 
of mind, and goodness of heart, that Archbishop Tillotson de- 
elared, when he was introduced to him, by his friend. Sir IJd- 
wwd Atkyns, that he could discern, from the little convei'sation 
which had passed, there was an " openness and clearness, a 
civility and obligingness of deportment" in him, he had never 
found in any other man. He was father of several children. 
The clJofit, Thomas, was appointed Greek professor at Oxford, 
I7O6, and bishop of Waterford and Lssmore 1708, whew; he died 
1740, leaving his fortune to his nephew, the late Dean of Kvetcr- 
He published air account of his fathers life, in 8vo, 1721 ; and 
ako erected a handsome monument to his memory, with a suit- 
able iisscription, in the church at Highclear. ^Fhe second, Jere- 
miah, was Miow and tutor of Baliol college, which presented 
him, 1705, to the rectory of Dulnmar Loo, in Cornwall. The 
third, Isaac, was treasm-er of Waterford 1714, and trea&urer of ' 
Lismore cathedral 1717- 

* The originals of these letters were long treasured up by ^ 
MHton ; from whom they came into the possession of Thomaa 
Elwood, a i^erson who for many years was well acquainted with, 
and fsteemed by Milton. Fi-om Elwooil they came to Joseph 
Wyeth, citizen ami merchant of London ; and from Wyeth's 
widow they were obtained by Mr. Nickolls ; after whose decease 
ttey were presented by his hther to the Society of Antiqaariea* 
m appears by their minutes. 

t Tbis cm*ious Collector of Antiquities was a Quaker,, in part- 
aerfthip with his father of the same name, a capital mealm. a 
at Waire in Hertfordshire and of Trinity paiish near Queenhitiir 


Digitized by * 

16'0 LltERAKY. ANECDOTES OF [l743^ 

Mr.P(^e's "Dunciad," in 4to and 8vo. 

London. He was chosen F. A. S. Jan. 17^ 1740 ; and possessed 
the esteem of a respectable number of fiieiids, who were deprived 
of him by a fever at the age of 34, Jan. 1 1, 1745. His remains 
were deposited in the burial-grounci at Bunhill Fields, on the 
16th.-^Prince £ugene has been generally supposed to be the 
first collector of portraits in Europe, which on his death were 
dispersed. He collected in almost every other branch. Mr. 
Ashby, however, furnished Mr, Granger with some account of 
collections earlier than Prince Eugene, from Lister's " Joui^ey- 
tp Paris,'* Vigneul Marville, &r. \s\\\v\\ he does not ap))ear to 
Iwive made use of. — ^I'he Earl of Oxford began the first collection 
in England, which afterwards came in part to Mr. West, and on 
his death was dispersed by the nule hand of the auctioneer. — 
lAv. Nickolls was the next regular collector of English heads ; 
and his collection, which was formed from Moorfields and stalU, 
and consequently was not first-rate, consisted of about ^OOO 
beads, four volumes in folio, and six in quarto, neatly let-in ; 
which furnished Mr. Ames with his valuable catalogue $ and 
came soon after the death of Mr. NickoUs into the library of 
Dr. Fothergill, who purchased it for eighty guineas. IVk. Gran- 
ger, in his Prefece, had said Mr. West bought the ten % olmnes ; 
but, on the better infonnation of Dr. Ducaiel, corrected himself 
in his Supplement, p. 2. On Dr. Fothergill's death the en* 
tire collection of portraits was sold to Mr. John Tliane, print- 
seller and medahst, in KuiJert-street, boho, for one hundred 
and fifty pounds, who cut up the volumes and disponed of the 
contents to the principal collectoi-s of British portraits at that 
time ; v'u. Mr. Bull, Mr. Cracherode, Mr. GuL>tone, Sir James 
Lake, Mr. Blackburne of Lancashiiv, and Mr. Bindley. Dr. Fo- 
theigiU purchafsed hkewise a pi-eity laa'ge collection of tracts, 
which Mr. Nickolls had picked up in his pursuit of heads, 
wriUcn by those of his own persuasion from their first ap- 
pearance; which the benevolent possessor informed the Edi- 
tor of these Anecdotes, in 17^0, he then intended to leave to 
tlie Meeting to which he then belonged, in Peter*s-court, 
Westminster. Besides these collections, Mr. NickoUs luui several 
views by great masters ; some of which fell also into the hands 
of Dr. Fothei^. The Catalogue of ^Ir. Nickolls's Libiaiy, 
in his own hand-writing (inclucling 332 volumes of tracts in 
foliou quarto, and octavo), was in tlie pottession of Mr.Tutet,— 
For a considerahle part of the information respecting Mr. NickpUs 
I was indebted to Dr-Tothergill, who died (before the former 
edition was published) Dec. 5, 1780 ; and of whom some ac« 
oount shall be given in a fiiture page.— AnthcMiy Wood, in 
his account of- Elias Ashmole, teUs us, <' In his Ubnuy I 
saw a large thick paper hook, near a yard kxig, containing 
on every side of the leaf Vko, three, or nuwe pictures or 
fiauces of eminent persons of Englandj and ebewhere^ printed 
tern copper cuts pasted oik them, which Mt. Ashmole had 
wUl great curiosity collected i and I remember he has told 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

1 74^0 '^^^ EIGHTBKNTH CENTURY. iGl 

*^ ^lian dc Aniimtlibus," 4to ; one of the works 
printed for the Society fbr trie Encouragement i>f 
Learning ♦- 


In this year Mr. Bowyer printed ^* Notitia Mo- 
nastica ; or, ah Account of all the Abbay s, Priories, and 
Houses of Friers, heretofore in England and Wales; 
and also of all the Colleges and Hospitals founded 
before A. D. mdxi. By the Right Reverend Doctor 
Thomas Tanner -jf, late Lord Bishop of St. Asaph. 

me, that his mind ^vas so eager to obtain all faces^ that when 
he could not get a face by itself, he vrotdd buy the book> tear 
it out, paste it in his blank book, and write under it from 
whence he had taken it." An admirable portrait this of our 
modem Portrait-coUectors, who have sent fc^ck many a volume 
to the Bookseller's shop stript of its graven honours. A most 
noted Coll^or told a person at Cambridge, who now and then 
sells a head, '* That bis own colle9tion must needs be large and 
good, as it rested on six points : "1,1 buy -, S. I borrow ; 3. 1 
beg; 4. 1 exchange; 5. 1 steal; 6. 1 sell/' — Mr. Ashmole's book 
was consumed with the rest of his library .^-Seo the virulent 
censure of Mr. Rowe Mores on this species of coUeOlsors in his 
Dissertation on English Founders, p. 85. 

* See p. 96. 

t This excellent An;tiquary, son of a father of both his natnes, 
vicar of Market Lavingtoii in Wilts, was bom in 1074, became a- 
stiident in Queen^s coUege, Oxford, in Michaelmas term, 1689; 
admittedclerkin that house 1690; B. A. 1693; entered into holy 
orders at Christmas 1694; and became chaplain of All Souls col« 
lege in Januaiy following 5 chosen fellow of the same 1697; 
Chancellor of Norfolk, and rector of Thorpe, near that city> 
1701; installed prebendary of Ely, Sept. 10, 1713 (which he 
quitt^ 17^) ; Archdeacon of Norfolk, Dec. 7> 1721 ; c^on of 
Christ Church, Feb. 3, 1723-4 ; prokxnitor of the Lowet House 
of Convocation convened in 1797^ to which honour he wai 
unanimously elected on account of his great abilities, however 
contrary to his own inclinations. He was consecrated Bishop 
of St. Asaph, Jan. ^> 1731-^ $ died at Christ Church, Ox^rd^ 
Dec. 14, 1735 ; and was buritti in the nave of that Cathedral, 
near the pulpit 5 where a monument to his memoiy, afB&ed to 
one of the piUaiSj is ihvis inscribed i 


Thomje Tankxa> S. T. K 

Qui natiu Lavingtonis in Agro Wiltoniensi^ 

in Collegium Reginense admissus, 

deinde Qnmium Ammarum capeUanus^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Publuhed by John Tanner, A. M. Vicar of Lowe- 


mox socius cooptatus est. 

Optimarum ibi artium cultor, 

Antiquitatis praesertim studio ita trahebatQr, 

ut in patrise fastis^ moniunentisque eruendis* 

nemo illo diligentior^ 

nemo in explicandis peritior haberetor. 

Hinc maturfe avocatos 

•d mnnin Canoellarii diocesede Non1ovi(5eo^, 

auctus est insuper Prffibendft EliensL 

Academic denub restitutus, 

banc sedem Canonicus oniavit. 

A Clero interim Prolocutor reuunciatus, 

ad Episcopatum tandem evectus est Asavensem. 


ad omne offidwn summft fide et dil]g«iitili» 

TZ3A pietate> 

humanissinUi erga omnes voluntate> 

liberalitate in egenos e£^issini&. 

OInit 14 die Decembris, A. D. 173$, setatis estr 

Another inscription, and a translation of it, are here sul^oined^ 
from Gent. Mag. 1736, p. 692 : 

'' Vickne tandem morbus et senium grave 
^ Tannere, te patrum decus ; 

Biqgitque nullis territum Jaboribus 

Suprema sors mortalium ? 
Lu£trai e sacra suetus olim rudcra 
FaDBorum et antiquas demos. 
Nunc ipse vetenun pulveri admistus cinid 

Sub aede veneranda jaces, 
jQuBB tot capaci pnesules docto sinu 

Ipsamque ^idswidam f tenet ^ 

At tu sepulehri tion eges honoribus, 

Nostrive laude csorminU, 
Tu^ quem pcritWBi Antiquitatis ultimas 

. Ventura dicentssecuk} 
Nomenque Pterio scripta servabunt tua ^ 

Perenniorgt marmore." 

'' At length oppness'd by age and malaify> 
Must Tanner here a common victim lie ? 
Whose industry no trouble could allay. 
Must he submit to death's imperious sway ? 
PfSde of hk ancestors! Once wont to tread ; 
^ Where now with sacred dust his ashes spread 

Within these walls, whose bounds have close embrac*d 
So many Prdates, spoil of ages past ! 

f Fridswida, a Saxon queea, foundress Qt part of th< Colleft, aad buried 
is tbt Citiwdrai there. 

' ^ Frids^^ida't 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



stoft in Sufiblk, and Pr^eetitdr of th^ Cathedral 
Church of St. Asaph^** foha *. 

Fridswida's self lies here! — But you nor ileed 
The numercms hqdours for the dead decreed } * 
Nor the small tribute which my verse afibrda. 
The Hearald*^ blazon^ nor the pomp of words ; 
Whom late posterity shall justly praise, 
Skill'd in the momiments ef antient dAys > 
Whose works more truly shall consigiti thy hme. 
Than Parian marble could preserve thy name." 

Bp Tanner published, before he was 92 years old, '' Notitia 
Monasiica, or a short History of the Religious Houses in Eng- 
land and Wales/' 1695, 8vo. republished in folio, 1744, with 
great additions (which he began to collect in 1715), by his 
brotlier Mr. John Tanner. His '' Bibllotheta Britannlco-Hiber- 
nica," which employed him foi-ty years, was publLihed in 1748, 
fidio ; vi-ith a posthumous pi-eface by Dr.Wilkins (see vol. I. p. 384). 
His immense and valuable Collections, amongst which are ample 
materials for the county of Wilts, and large notes on Richard 
Hedge's Legend of St. Cuthbeit, 1663, aie now in the Bodleian 
Library -, and many interesting particulars concerning him may 
be found in his own Letters in Ballard's Collection ; amongst 
which (IV. 34 and 46) are his account aiid his character of both 
lu5 wives. He married a second wife in 1733, Miss Scottow 
of Tlioq) near Norwich, with a fortuhe of 15,000/. j whose 
death is thus recorded : *' May 1, 1771, in St. Giles's Broad- 
strcet, Norwich, Mrs. Elizabeth Britiflfe, in the 78th year of 
her age. The above gentlewoman was first the wife of Thomas 
Tanner, D. D. upwards of 30 yeai'S Chancellor of the diocese 
of Norwich, and Bishop of St. Asaph, who died December 15, 
1735 ; she afterwards married the late Robert Britiffe, esq. re- 
corder of Noiwicb, and one of its representatives in three suc- 
cessive parliaments." His only son (by his first wife) Thomas 
Tanner, D.D. (who manied a daughter of Archbishop Potter) 
was sometime prebendary of Canterbury, and successDi* to Dr. 
Wilkins in the rectories of Hadleigh aAd Monks Eleigh, SuffolK. 

* This volume was published by John Whiston, John Osborn, 
and Francis Ckanguion, the three booksellers with whom tbt 
last contract of the Society for the Encouragement of Learning 
\^as made. (See p. 96.) The Bishop's portrait, prefixed ta thS 
work, is inscribed, " Reverendus admodum Thomas Tanner, 
Asaphensis Episcopus, Prima viaR Antiquitatis Cultor. G. VertUfe 
sculp. 1745." This print was a copy of a larger, engraved i& 
173c by Vertue, at the expellee of the Society of AntiqUitriti, 
with some difference in the decoration, and this addition to the 
inscription : " Hoc ectypum fratris sui dignissimi antiquis moribXB 
croati posteris sacratum esse violuit Soc. Ant. Lond. 173C." 

" Mr. Thomas Evans, bookseller in the Stranrf, cu'calated pro- 
posals for a hew edition of Bp. Tanner's '* Notitia Monastica," 
but with what improvex&ents cjpes n6t appear. Our modem 

M S publishers 

Digitized by 



. Two Editions o£ *^ The Essay on Man,- with 
Mr. Warburton's Commentaty. • . . 

The Works of Mr. Pope *, in two volumes, 4to. 

publishers judge of the value of books by thebr arbitrary price, 
and have been misled; to their cost, to se-piint some books, whose 
whole merit istheir scarcity. This is by no means, however, tiie 
case with the '' Notitia j" which is as/valuable as it is scarce, 
and, if reprinted with such improvements as it is in the power of 
several gentlemen to bestow on it, would be an acceptable pre- 
sent to tlie publick." The latter part of the above note was 
written in 1781 by Mr, Goiigh, in whose rick Library were two 
interleaved copies of the *"' Notitia,'* with additions by Mr. Rowe 
Mores and Dr. Winchester. — Mr. Evans, though he did not live 
to put his intention into effect, joined with the Editor of these 
volumes in a contract with tlie late very learned Mr. Nasmith 
for the purchase of an improved edition of Bishop Tanner*s book; 
which, by the Hberality of the University of Cambridge, was 
permitted to pass gratuitously through their press, for Mr. Nas- 
inith's benefit. That conti*act, on the decease of Mr. Evans^ 
devolved on the present writer ; who accordmgly purchased the 
whole impression, on the idea that, from the long list of names 
which had been given-in as encouragers of the re-publication, 
there would be a great demand for the book ; but (strange to 
say) in the number of names set down, at least nine out of ten 
proved tnen of buckram ; and by far the greater part of the work, 
after continuing warehoused for twenty yeaw, wg^ consumed in the 
fatal conflagration of Feb. 8, 1808; an event by which the "No- 
titia** is again become scarce, and probably will ever so continue. 

* Whilst these volumes wei*e in the press, Mr. Bowyer received 
the following letters from tlie learned Commentator : 

" Jan. 29, 1743. Dear Mr. Bowyer, I have read over CoUot. 
He is all you say of him, and more. But I love the rogue when 
Jie reasons. He is then a delightful ass, indeed. In a word, 
is if possible there can be buyers for such a pampldet ? — Never 

fear but I will get the better of all my adversaries at last. 

4nd then — as Pjirhus said to his counsellor, we will sit down 
and drink your raisin wine. Do but decypher my MS. cleverly, 
and >ee if 1 don't make a rogue and an ass of Dr, Anommous, 
J should have told Jou, the reason why the inclosed came 
Sio 2H>oner was, beeause yoxir letter, which sent it, was put into 
a wrong bag, and went farther North, and came back again 
before I had it, either by the negligence or design of the clerki 
of the Fost-oflUce. I think the Dutch frugality never appeared 
in a more signal instance than what I liave just now 'seen iti 
the newspapers. They have appointed 9^ fast and^hanksgij^in^ 
in one, and to be observed together." Ever yours,* W* W\*' 

'*' March 9, 1743-4. Mr. Pope thinks that his Wbrks will be 
comprehended in two volumes of 60 sheets each. But lie is un- 
willing that the paper should be at air worse than the other. — 
No. 1000 of that paper, and 100 rOyal Ever yours, . W. W."; 

» , * ■: * '' jB. Brougkton, 

, Digitized by V^ 005^ 



'' A Critical Commentary upon the Book of the 
Wisdom of Solomon, being a Continuation of 
Bishop Patrick and Mr. Lowth ; by Richard Ar- 
naId*,B.D." foho. 

^^ Remarks on several Occasional Reflections, in 
Answer to the Rev. Dr. Middleton, Dr. Pococke-f-, 
the Master of the Charter-house :{:, Dr. Richard Grey, 

" B. BrougbioH, June 90, 1744. Dear Sir, I thank }'ou for 
both your last. You ^sUl oblige me with telling me that beast 
Iintot'9 steps. 1 would do him all reason while he acts with de« 
ccncy and justice, and shall never print any part of his property 
with my Notes sjnd Commentaiy without his leave -, but if he 
acts like a ro^e, I have but one word with him, the Chancery 
and Mr. Murray. This inter noi. — ^If the executors inquire c^T 
you, and when they do, about the state of Mr. Pope's Works in 
your hands yet unfinished (that is to say, of the Epistles), I then 
deare you would let Mr. Murray have a copy of all those Epibtles ; 
and you may tell him I desired you would do so: but say nothing 
till then. Pray presene all the Pi-ess Copy, to the least scrap. — 
I have looked over the corrected proof of the half-sheet, title, 
lie. and of the leaf that v^ ordered to be cancelled, and find 
i^xm right : so desire they may be printed off, and one sent me 
hy the first opportunity. My best respects to Mrs. Bill. I am, 
dear sir, y<iur very affectionate friend and servant, W. W.*' 

* Of whom, see tinder the year 1760. 

t The learned Prebte of whom some memoirs have been 
^ven in p. 157 > and whose account of Hieroglyphics, and the 
relation they had to language, given in his " Obsen'ations on 
E^t,'* diflered from what had been said about them in *' The 
Divine Legation." 
j I Nicholas Mann, esq. wardrobe-keeper at Windsor. '* By 

i the death of Dr. King, there was a vacancy in the mastership 
of the Charter-house, a place which some considerable persons 
at different periods have desired to fill. Bishop Benson and 
Dr. Jortin used' to say, that there was a certain time in their 
lives, when of all preferments they vnshed for it the most. And 
now the competitors to succeed Dr. King were Dr. Middleton and 
Mr. Mann. When Dr. Middleton applied to Sir Robert Walpole 
for his vote and interest. Sir Robert honestly told h,im,^that, 
talking with Bishop Sherlock, he found the Bishops were gene- 
saUy^gainst his being choaen master. Mr. Mann had been tutor 
to the Marquis of Blandford -, and it was through the interest of 
the Maiibotough fiunily that he gained the ascendant over Dr. 
MiridlrtOD. . ; . . Dr. Middleton was much hurt and provoked at 
the disappointment; and, thinking Bishop Sherlock to be the 
pmnaiy cause of it, he wreaked his malice in his ill-natured and 
ill-timed animadversidns upon the Bishop's Discourses on Pro- 
pbecy, pretending that he had never seen them before, though 
they had been pd^lished Several years, and had gone through 
' several 

Digitized by 


iild rth0f9; serving to explain and justify divers 
J^ssages in The Pivine Legation, objected to by 
those I^earne4 Writers. To which is added, A 
General Review of the Argument of The pivine 
legation, as ht a& it is yet advanced: wherein is 
considered the Relation the several Parts bear to 
^ch other an4 thp Whole. Together with an 
Appendix, in Answer to a late Pamphlet [by Dr. 
Stebbing] , intituled, An Exaniination of Mr. Wiar- 
burton s Second Proposition," 8vo. 

" Observations on the present Collection of 
Epistles between Cicero and' M- Brutus, repre^ 
sen ting several evident Marks of Forgery in those 
Epistles ; and the true State of many important 
Particulars in the Life and Writings of Cicero: 
{n Answer to the late Pretences of the Reverend 
Dr.Conyers Middleton. By James Tunstj^U*^, B,,J). 

^ver^ ^tions. Nor did be aftcrvsards spare tl^ Arol^bishogi 

and his chaplains, buif took every Qupqrtunity of maVing Lam^ 

beth-house the subject of his wit anq sativ^/* Bisfiop Ntwton.^-^. 

Mr. Mann wa.^ elected master of the Charier -^ouse A\^. 1 9, I7<57i 

Bnd ill 1747 he published " Critical Notes on some pa3si|gies in 

Scripture," as will be noticed under that year. Dyiqg Nov. ?4, 

1753, be was buried in the y'mxzib, at the Charter-hpi^, j whepe» 

over the chapel door, a tablet is thus inscrible^-: 

" Attende paululum, quisquis ^. 

Subtus jacet Nicolaus Mann, * 

olim Magister, nunc remistus pulvfie. 

JJuis iUe, yel quid egerit hf^h ^ut $eciis in -^ikj, 

oraiitc: quaerita^e: scitDeua. 

Monere maluit hoc qupc^ ^d te p^rtinet: 

Benfe universis tu %c e^ fieri y^f 

semper benigni Ps^tris o^pii^n xQe^^ 

Sic si pamtus hvip i^tr^, 

precibua tuis coe],ili9 patebit: 

ipse q^uum stasis i-eii^ di^ supr^]>i 

gnb trecciendo judice ratione vlx^i ije^^tsi ^i^dab^ps." 

t J^iD^ Tun»taU, D.D. feUow oi St John's college, €ka^ 

bridg^f and on^ of the two priadpal tutors of that Society, xvas 

'' % person h^hly eateemed not only ft>r his good learning^, 

but for the sweetness of hia dis}iosition. As a tutor, no 

one topk more pains for the improvement of such as weie 

place<;l under his case ; and his suocess was answerable to hia 

warmi^t wishes. As senior Dean of the Colie^ the mikbness 

of his reproofe wrought more upon the tempers of several x>ersona 

of ingenuous minds^ than tlie sharpest censuns, or the severest 


Digitized by 



THB £f«iiie£N'n(<:£VFUR|r. l^J 

Fellow of St. John's College, and Orfttor of the 
University of Cambridge* To which is addeci^ A 

disdpKne^ would have been able to efiect." Mosters't Life of 
Baker, p. 1 14. — Having refused tlic rectory of Saltwood, tliii iking* 
it not worth vacating his fellowship for, he was inslltjiteii to 
tbe rectory of Stunner, in Eascx, in D^emlicr 1/39; aiwl elected 
public orator (on the resignation of Dr. Wiilianas) in October 1741, 
after a smart opposition from Mr. i uiiipYonge, of Trinity college, 
afterwards Bishop of Norwich; and who was afterwards chosen> 
when Dr. Tunstall resigned upon beinp made chaplain to Abp, 
Potter. " I am pexBuaded by my friends/* he says, " to offer my- 
self for the Orator's place as soon as Dr. Wiliiams i^igns, and 
l»romise myself tbe continuance of your favour. The Doctor does 
uot resi|^ this year ; and. I am thus forward, lest yon should have 
applications from otlier hands. Mr. Yonge of tVinity is the only 
competitor who has yet declared." MS Letter of Dr. Tumtall to 
Dr. Z. Gre^, April 7, 1740. — Abp. Potter had only four chaplains 
whilst he held the see of Canterbury ; and of those Dr. Tunstatt 
viv the jusdor. He was created D. D. at tl^e Commencement at 
Cambridge, July 13, 1744 ; was collated by the Archbishop to 
the lectoty of Gx-eat Charte in Kent 5 and to the vicarage of 
Minster in tbe Isle of Thanet, on the death of Mr. Lewis, 1746. 
&ch of those livings was v/orih about 200L a year; and he 
had good houses at both ; but the I'oads round Chaite were so 
deep with dirt, that though »ear Ashford, and in a good neigh- 
boorliood, his friends could seldom get near him. He quitted 
his Kentiih livings in November 1757 for the valuable vicarage 
of Roehdale, in Laiicasliire, given him by Al^. Hutton, who 
iD3rried Mrs. Tunstall's aunt ; but the exchange, froip many 
untoward circumstances, di^ not ansswer his cx.p€ctation ; he 
wished for a prebend of Canterbury ; and ** his death, wiiich 
bappened March 98, 177^> was rather premature, occasioned 
either by family uneasinesses or disappointment of preferment ^ 
yet he was a person of such equal civility, if not humility of 
deportment, that it was said of him for some time after he had 
kft Lambeth, that many a man came there, as chaplain, humble; 
but that none ever went thence so except Dr. Tunstall,'* saya 
I*. P-i who *' was not his pupil, but, in the language of College, 
bdoi^ed to the other side or Uiiey yet willingly pays this mark 
of respect to a learned and virtuous character ."--*Mr. Dimeombe^ 
^8, *' The cause above assigned contributed, to his death. 
Hochdale was reputed worth at least 9fX)l, per anmtm, but fell 
greatly sliort of it. Dr. Tunstall left several daughters, some 
of them most unfortunately circumstanced in &ieir health, 
to whom thdr uncle, the Rev. Mr. Dodsworth, treasurer of Sa- 
lisbury' (who suj)erintended the publication of the " Lectures") 
W been a Mher. Mrs. Tunstall did not long survive her hus- 
bu&d/' — ^Dr. Tunstall (Ustinguishcd himself as one intimately 
^uainted with TuUy's Works and the history of those times, by 
a learned and spirited attack upon- that classical work of Dr. 
Middleton*s, so much admired in Italy, the " Life of Marcus 


Digitized by 



Letter from the Reverend Dr. Chapman on the 
antient Numeral Characters of the Roman Le- 

Tulliiu Cicerd," by questioning the g«nulTiene?s ' of Tully*s 
Epistled to Bruttis, in his " Epistola ad vinun eruditum Conycrs 
Middleton, Vitae M. T. Ciceronis Scjriptorem ; in qu;\, ex Incis 
ejus opens quamplurimis recensionem Ciceronis Epistolanim ad 
Atticum et ^intum Fratrera desiderari ostcnditur, &c. Canta- 
brigi2e^ 1741 /* — " As the Doctor had made great us^e of these ma- 
terials in his Life of 'fully, he would probably much ratlicr have 
seen the g-enuineness of the Four Gospels called in question. • 
Accordingly he had recourse to every expedient to save a sinking 
cause ; descended so low, as to say the Public Orator*s language 
was not intelligible, and would have been very glad to have 
proved it. I could name a well-known patriotic Duke, who 
has lately not only read over the whole controversy (which is 
neither short nor slight), but declares his astonishment that any 
body could have any doubts about the merits of the cause. Yet 
Dr. Middleton was much the more {bshionable man, and many 
superficial gentry would have taken the wrong side with such a, 
popular writer. I cannot help mentioning, that Mr. Cumberland 
informed me, that in the Library of the Escurial are 20 Greek 
Letters, from M. Brutus to the Greek Cities ; exacting contribu- 
tions from them. Such is the illiberality of Spain, that he could 
only procure one. They arc in Greek; which may occasion a 
speculation, how £ir it is likely that a Roman General could 
write in that language on a public business. From the only 
word I have heard, ii^. xMra^KA^oi, I presume that he threat- 
ened them, in case of non-compliance, with as severe a fate as 
he inflicted on the brave Xanthians. One may wonder too that 
fiO such detached Orders should any how be got together and 
preserved.** T. F. — It is more probable they are the manufacture 
of some Sophist. " This information from Mr. Cumberland is the 
more curious, because I gave a list of these veiy Greek Letters in 
my Spanish Letters, p. 134. The remark which fbllows is wrong, 
because the Greek language was then as fashidnable in the City of 
Rome and the Archipelago, asFrench is now among us. DukeFer* 
dinandsentall his orders in FVench (not German)eventothe£ngli6h 
part of the army/* Rev. E. Clarke to Mr. McAofa.— Dr. Tunstall't 
other publications were, 1. "Observations on the present Collec- 
tion or Epistles between Cicero and M. Brutus," Stc. (see p. 1 66) ; 
a. "A Sermon befbre the House of Commons, May 29, 1746.*' 
3. yA Vindication of the Power of the State to prohibit Clan- 
destine Marriages imder the Piin of ahsolute Nullity j particu- 
larly the Marriages of Minors, made without the Consent of their 
Parents and Guardians, &c. 1755, 8vo. 4. *' Marriage in Society 
^ated ; with some Considerations on Government, the different 
kinds of Civil Laws, and their distinct Obligations in Conscience, 
in a second Letter to the Rey. Dr. Stebbing, occasioned by his 
Review, &c. 1755," 8vo. 5. "Ac»demica: Part the first, con- 
taining several Discqurses on the Certainty, Distinction, an4 


Digitized by 


1744.] THE EIGimENrH CENTUET. I69 

gions/' 8vo, — Of Dr. John Chapman, who wa» 

Connection of Natural and Revealed Religion, 1759," 8vo. This 
contains *' Concio ad Ckrum habita in Templb beats Mariee in 
Academia Cant, pro gradu S.T. B. anno 1738 5" the Tliesis read 
when he took his Doctor's degree in 1744, and some Sermons. 
The second Part was to have consisted of Lectures, 1. On the 
Being, Perfection, and Pi-ovidence of God 3 2. On the I^ws of 
Universal Benevolence ; 3. On a State of futui-e Existence 5 and 
was, I suppose, the work published after his death, under the 
title of •* Lectures on Natural and Revealed Religion, read in 
the Chapel of St. John's Cambridge, 170*4 ;" 4to. These Lectures 
were b^un by the Author when a tutor in St. John*s, but he 
was prevented from finishing the compi-chensive plan laid down 
in the beginning of them, by being called from that employment 
in College to the service of Archbishop Potter. They were, 
however, so neai'ly completed, that the Author, had he lived, 
intended to have published them himself^ and they were &ith- 
fully printed from his MS. without the least addition or correc- 
tion- A very large and respectable list of subscribers is prefixed 
to these I..ectimis, ^of which 1500 copies were printed, and eight 
only on large paper. To the first edition of Mr. Dimcombe's 
Horace are annexed some critical annotations by Dr. Tunstall, 
who in 1740 obtained for Dr. Grey Mr. Warburton's remarks 
on Hudibras, as is publicly acknowledged in the Preface to that 
work, and is confirmed by the following quotation from an un- 
published letter of Dr. Tunstall to Dr. Grey: " Immediately after 
your fiivour came to hand, 1 applied to Mr. Wai-burton, who 
ausv(*ers in these words : ' I can deny you nothing. Lr. Grey 
shall have my Remarks on Hudiljras -, and I will depend upon 
his honour. I had thoughts (as I had considered tiiis author 
pretty much) to have given an edition of him, and had men- 
tioned it to an eminent bookseller. But I will think no more of 
it, as this matter will oblige you. But I cannot possibly set 
j|bout transcribing them for the Doctor till after Lady-day, be- 
cause of my second volume.' Thus far Mr. Warburton, whom I 
had tok) that he might depend upon your doin^ him justice in 
the notes he communicated > for 1 knew I coulu safely promise 
it" Yet Dr. Grey two years after rhot some arrows at this Co- 
lossus. From the readiness with which Warburton supplied 
Grey with his remarks on Hudibras, and the grated acknow- 
ledgement with which they were received (sec Preface to Hudi- 
bras, p. 35), the rudeness of that Author's mention of the edition 
to which he had contributed is difficult to be accounted for. 
Speaking of criticks in his preface to Shakspeaie, he inti-oduces 
Dr. Grey*s Hudibius in the following manner : " I hai^ly think 
there ev^ appeared, in any learned languiigc, so execrable a 
heap of nonsense under the name of Commentaries, as hath 
been lately given us on a certain satync poet of the last age by 
his Editor and Coactjutor." For this attack Dr. Grey took his 
i«venge in some pamphlets mentioned under his article, and in 
1754 agaia.nQfticed his antagonist in the following terms: 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

170 LrrERAHY ANECOOTSfl QW [}74i' 

AtehdiaMooT^ of Sudbury, some account will be given 
under the year 1747 ** 

'* The first to whom I am indebted is the Rev. Mr. Smith, of 
Narkston, in Norfolk, the nioet friendly and communicative 
Bian living, who was gieatly assistant to Sir Thomas Hanmer, 
in his edition of Shakspeare, as he was to me in Hudibras, for 
which he has been spitefully called my Coadjutor, but by a gen- ^ 
tleman whose slander stands for nothing with every candid and 
ii^nuous person/' Gi-ey's Commentai^ on Hudibras, notwith- 
standing Dr. Warburton*s censui-e, will, generally, be viewed 
with favour. Trifling and insignificant as th^ books he quotes 
were allowed to be, they were such as Butler himself saw, re- 
ferred, and alluHled to, and therefore. were the proper sources ta 
consult for materiab to explain him. As Mr. Warton has ob^ 
served of Shs^speare, "If Butler is worth reading, he is worth 
explaining 5 and the I'esearchcs used for so valuable and elegant 
a ptirpose merit the thanks of genius and candour, not the 
satire of prejudice and ignorance." It may be remarked that 
the multiplicity of authors quoted in the Commentary on Hudi- 
bras always impresses a super 6c ial reader in the same manner. 
Fielding, whose writings shew to what- an excellent pui*pose he» 
applied his reading, and who did not attempt to conceal what 
he obtained from books (little as it was, owing to buauess and 
dissipation), appears to have been struck in the same manner as 
many others of Dr. Grey's readers. " If we .should carry on the 
analogy between the Traveller and the Commentator, it is im- 
p€)ssible to keep one's eye a moment ofl;' from the laborious 
much-read Doctor Zacliary Grey, of whose redundant notes on 
Hudibras I shall only say, that it is, I am confident, the singles 
book extant in which above five hundred authors are quoted, 
not one of which could be found in the collection of the late 
Dr. Mead." Preface to Voyage to Lixbon. — ^Among Dr. Birch's 
JWSS. in the British Museum is a cdlection of MS letters from 
Dr. Tunstall to the Earl of Oxfoi-d, in 1738 and 1739, on Ducket'a 
Atheistical Letters, and the Proceedings thereon; there is also a 
fetter to Dr. Birch, dated *' Great Charte, Nov. 21, 1744," com- 
municating an original letter from MericCasaubon, a predecessor 
of his in the vicarage of Minster, whence it appears that Dc. 
Tunstall was then possessed of the livings of Minster and Chj^irte. 
* To the 65th page of Dr. Chapman's Letter the following ob- 
servations from Mr. Markland to Mr. Boviyer, dated June 30, 1? 43, 
have reference : " When I had read yours, I looked for the foul 
4!opy (which I had accidentally kept) of that letter which I had 
written to Dr. Chapman, concerning the fii-st epistle of Cicero to 
"Brutus. In my copy, instead of, which was the case of C. Octa- 
itius, whom we commonly call Augustus, I find, ushvck was Augits- 
fus's case. Whether I altered it myself in the transcribing, or 
Mr. T. has done it for me, 1 cannot say, and it is no great mat- 
ter; however it is more full and clear as it is printed. By your 
questions xl perceive that you have not a perfect and distinct 


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Mr. Edwards's *^ Letter ta the Author of a late 
Epistolary Dissertation addiessed to Dr. Warbur^ 

ton/ 8vo. 

notion of this matter ; aiid therefore, siiice you desire it, will 
endeavour to explain it to you -, though 1 did not imagine that 
it would want any explanation, for indeed there is no difficulty 
in it either way, if a man has but the necessary jyrcecognita, 
which I took for granted all scholars have. You know that the 
name of him whom we commonly call Augustus, was originally 
Caius Octavius fTiurinus. Tlie first was the pranomen; the 
second the nomen, or gentile, or name of the family ; the third, 
the cognomen, as was usual. Thus it stood till tOT\'ards the 19th 
year of his age; when his uncle C. Julius Caesar dying, appointed 
him his heir^ and at the same time ordered him to change his 
name, and to pass out of the Octavian into the Julian ftimily. 
Some of his friends (especially his father-iu-law L. Philippus, 
who had married the widow his mother) thinking that he had 
not interest and power enough to come at what Oesar had left 
him, which was i^en into the hands of M. Antony chiefly, ad- 
vised him to be quiet, and not to take upon him the name of 
Caesar. This deliberation took up (N. B.) .somr^ time ; but at 
last Octavius determined to strike a bold stroke, and to demand 
his inheritance, and to change his name, which he did with the 
accustomed legal fbnns 3 and then, iastead of C. Octavius Thuri- 
nua, his name was X!. Julius Csesar, with the usual addition of 
Bctavianus to shew that he came out of fhe fixniily of the Oc- 
tavii. Several years after, when he was settled in the possession 
of the empire, "and had done great service to the state, the se- 
nate resolved to compliment him with some new title of honour^ 
and after mueh consultation tliey agreed upop that of Augu^tus^ 
so that then he was C. Julius Ca»sar Octavianus Augustus. You 
now see that the title (for it was no moj^e) of Augustus had no- 
thing to do with the name of Octavius 3 and that if it be put as 
you woukl have it *, ' which was the case of Augustus whom we 
eommoniy call Octavius^' it would have been unintelligible, apd 
without argument. As to the several passages from Cicero, 
wherein you ss^ he ^ called Octavius, look at them, and you 
will find every one of them written in the intermediate time 
(which wa« the reason why I put in the N. B. above) between the 
death of Julius Caesar and Octavius's char.glng his name, which 
was some months; after which, you will iiud that Cicero from 
that time never calls him Octavius, but either C. Caesar, or 
Csesar, orO«tavianu«; which last word yo\i must understand is a 
noun adjective^ and signifies, belonmiig to the Octavii j tliat is, 
who was originally of the gens or femily of the Octavii. This 
was always fiie custom in adoptions, to add the gentile of their 
own femily to that into which tliey passed. So the £unous 

* It standi thus in Dv* Chapmaik'* «< Observations,'* p. 65. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

173 LITJEJlAliy ANECDOTES OF [l744. 

: Dr. Grey's '^Answer to Mr. Warburten's Reniarka 
en several Occasional Reflections^ so far as they 

L. Aemilius Paullus, who conquered Perses Kixig of Macedonia, 
gave one of his sons, P. Aonilius Paullus, to be adopted by one. 
of the Scipios, that is, into the Cornelian &nilly : after which, 
the yonng man, instead of P. Aemilius Panllus, wasr called P. 
Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus. This was he who afterwards, 
finally demolished Carthage in the third Punic war> in which 
you often meet with him by the name of Scipio Aemilianus. 
Thus if M. Tullius Cicero had adopted Cn. Pompeius Magnus,, 
this latter would have been called Cn. Tullius Cicero Pompeianus; 
as, on the other hand, if Pompey had adopted Cicero, Cicera 
would have been M. Pompeius Magnus TuUianus. This is the 
original of most of the proper nanieii that end in anus, which 
are almost as numerous as the family ones which end simply in 
ns; the i^eason of which i« evident, because there was scarce any 
fiEMnily which had not, some time or other, adoptions made out 
of it into some other ^imily ; and then he who before was by 
family tt Calpurnius, or Titius, or Sempronius, &c. became a 
Calpumianus, Titianu3, or Sempronianus. And now" you per- 
ceive why Lucilius Clodius cannot subsist in the same person,. 
viz. because both Lucilius t^A Cfodlus (or Claudius) are geutUiag^ 
or the names of (amilies ; fbr if this Lf, Clodius j^lai-cellus^ whom 
I was speaking of in that letter, had been adopted into the Lu-f 
cilian family, his name would have been from that time L. Luci- 
lius something (supposcji Longus, or any other cognoTnen be- 
longing to the Lucilii) Clodianus, not Clodius. You likewise 
perceive that you speak inaccurately (though I^- Middleton, I 
find> does it, and so do some of the modem antients, if one may 
so call them. Floras and Appian ; but none of the more skilful 
onei^) when you call Augustus, Octavius Augustus } which is a& 
if you should call Sir Robert Walpole, Sir Walpole Orford ; for 
while he was Octavius he was not Augustus, nor till several 
years afterwards} and when he was Augustus, it would have 
been more than an affront to have called him Octavius, and 
nobody ever did do it, because it would have been a kind of 
petty treason, and a verbal denial of his right to the name 
and inheritance of his uncle Julius Caesar ; and therefore the 
sophist who forged these letters under the name of Brutus 
to Cicero, in the Vinous Epistle, the 22d, never calls hiai 
any thing but' Octavius -, or if he calls him Ceesar (as he does 
once), he does it in a sneer, and adds the word tuus, your 
Caesar, p. 172. This is right, and consistent with the chaiacter 
of Brutus. Fut, alas ! he could not go through with it -, for, 
p. 76, he forgets himself, and calls him simply Caesar^ which 
the true Brutus would have lost his life sooner than have done> 
had he once taken it into his bead that it was wrong. But this 
by the bye. Now please to read over that part of the sheet, and 
ten me whether it be dear to you.** 


Digitized by CjOOQIC 


concern the Preface t6 a late edition of the Book of 
Job ; in which the Subject and Design of that Di*- 
vine Poem are set in a full and clear Light, and 
some particular Passages in it occasionally explained ; 
in a Letter to the Reverend Author of the Remarks/* 
Mr, Markland, in a Letter dated Uckfield, April 1 7, 
1 744, tells Mr. Bowyer, ^* I got hither on Wednesday, 
in three days from Twyford, without any danger or 
difficulty, except a little trouble which a hasty brook 
gave us by coming into the cliaise and getting into 
my portmanteau : by which accident the Cicero yoii 
gave me has suffered a little. Mr. Clarke was with 
me on Friday; and I had been there before this, had 
it not been for the almost perpetual rains and cold 
weather, which at present spoil a very beautiful walk 
between this place and Buxted ♦. He sent me jfour 
pampfUet, in which I think I clearly see several tilings 
that are certainly the Bishop's, and several that are 
certainly not so. He has sent me likewise Mr. War- 
burton's answer to his opponents, and Dr. Sykes's 
Examination, &c. ; the forriier of which seems to me 
to have been published chiefly with tlie design of 

* Mr. Clarke, in a letter written about the same time, says, " I 
tliank you for the answer to the Trial, &c. which 1 had not seen, 
and have given to Mr. Marldand according to your direction. He 
tells rae the pamphlet is Mr. Moss's : it is well done j he preserves, 
whit I thought was scarcely possible, the dignity of the subject 5n 
answering huch a ti-ifle. I see your friend Mr.'Warburton is still 
a herO) he makes nothing of attacking whole battalions alone: 
though he gives me the most pleasure of any body, I cannot but 
say 1 am in pain for him. Is there no keeping that tire and 
genius within proper limits ? Ue will £ill, as great men have 
done before him, oy the things he despised most — Dr. Sykes and 
the People. The Doctor has outdone himself, and I am per- 
suaded that he is right in his three first positions, the Exoteric 
Doctrines, the Sense of the old Legislation, and the Jewish 
Theoci-acy j and I long to see how the author of ' The Divine 
Legation' will disengage himself, though T expect he should 
beat up his quarters, and bear down all before Mm. I wond^ 
none of them twn his arguments from Arthur and William the 
Conqueror against him -, they are certainly decisive, and prove 
the actions ascribed to Oairis to be all imaginary ; for Arthur's 
are midoubtedly so, and his Historian (as in the case of Seaostris) 
had nothing so striking to ascribe to him as what was borrowed 
from the Conqueror." 



174 . XilTEftAET AKICDOTES OF [l744. 

giying the General Review of the Amurrient of the 
J)ivine Legation^ which is an useful thitig ; and the 
latter (Dr. Sykes's) seems to be a sly one. I shall 
be glad to see an Answer, a direct one, to some parts 
of it. — I hope it is true what I see repeated in the 
papers, that Dr. Taylor is. made Chancellor of Lin- 
coln. I shall be very glad to find myself mistaken 
in my opinion, which was, that Lord Carteret ^(for I 
suppose this comes from him) would never do any 
thmg for Taylor, or for any body else, merely as a 
scholar. If this does not come from him, I resume 
my old opinion." 

The pamphlet was probably Bishop Berkeley's 
*^ On Tar Water," which was originally printed 
at Dublin, and re-printed in England at the very 
time Mr. Markland dates his letter. It was published 
by Mrs. Mary Cooper ; but the scheme of reprint- 
ing it was Mr. Bowyer s, and consequently it was 
no unusual expression to call it his pamphlet. 
Mr. Markland's observation exactly suits Bisho{) 
Berkeley's pamphlet, and could not well apply to 
any original composition of Mr. Bowyer s. Ac- 
cordingly too we find Mr. Clarke a year after 
saying, upon Mr. Bowyer's publishing Juliian, 
'" that it Would not answer his purpose so well as 
Tar-water;" v.hich in fact he had frequently occasion 
to reprint. He is also supposed to have writtwi a 
small pamphlet this year on the " present State of 
Europe;" taken principally from Pufendorff. 

Mr. Thomas '' Carte's Account of the Collections 
he had made for his intended History of England." 


In this year. Mr. Bowyer printed 25 copies of 
"Acts and Observations of the Spalding Gentlemen's 
Society in Lincolnshire, illustrated with Sculptures 
from Models, Drawings, and Sketches, made by the 
Members, and engraved by George Vertue a Mem- 
ber. With an Allegorical Device designed by 


Digitized by 



Maurice Johnson ♦, esq, and engraved by Vertee, 
1746. London, printed by order of the Society, by 
William Bowyer a Member, 1745," folio. This 
was intended as a title-page to sucli of their minutes 
as might afterwards be printed. 

The second volume of " Dr. Pococke s Travels to 
the East," folio. 

^* A Table of English Silver Coins from the Nor- 
man Conquest to the present Time, with their 
AVeights, intrinsic Values, and some Remarks upoti 
the several pieces. By Martin Folkes -f-,** esq. 4to; 
and a new edition 6f the " Table of Gold Ck)ins," &ۥ 
(see p. 88). 

" Remarks on the Episfles of Cicero to Brutus, 
and of Brutus to Cicero : in a Letter to a Friend, 
With ^ Dissertation upon Four Orations ascribed to 
M. Tullius Cicero, viz. 1. Ad QuiritoB post redi- 
turn; 2. Post reditum in Senatu; 3. Pro Domo 
sua, ad Pontifices; 4. De Uaruspicum responsis. 
To which are added, some Extracts out of the 
Notes of learned Men upon those Orations ; «nd 
Observations on them. By Jeremiah Markland, 
Fellow of St. Peter's College, Cambridge." 

Mr. Squire's J" " Sermon at St. Bridget's ;" and 
his *^ Inquiry into theToundation of the English 
Government,^ Svo, 

Mr. Whaley's § " Original Poems aiad Transla- ^ 
tions," 8vo. 

" Remarks on several Occasional Reflections, in 
Answer to the Rev. Doctors Stebbing and Sykes, 
servinj^o explain and justify the Two Dissertations 
in the Divine- Legation, concerning the Command 

* Of whom, and of the ^nJdii^ Society, of which Mr. Bowyer 
was an active member, a f uU account shall be given in the Essays 
and lUusti-ations, vol. V. No. XV. 

t Of whom, see vol. V. No. X. 

} Afterwards Bishop of St. David's 3 of w^hom more hereafter. 

§ John Whaley^ M. A. fellow of King*s cc^ege, Cambridge, 
and an ingenious poet. He had published an earlier Collection 
of Poems, in one volume 8vo, 1732. To the labours of Mr. 
Whaley, I was indebted for several articles in the " Select Colfcc-s^ 
tion of Miscellany Poems, 1780." 

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to Abraham to offer up his Son,- iind the Nature of 
the Jewish Theocracy, olyectecl to by those learned 
Writers */' Part the second and lastf*, By Mr. 
Warburton. 8vo. 

'^Arcade£[ambo, . 

Et cahtare pares, et responderc parati." Vi»o. 
t " I have bid a final adieu to controversy, unless some veiy 
great provocation draw me back." Remarks, p. 242. — ^The 
whole condusion of this pamphlet is well wordi attending to. 
*' As to the numner in which 1 have answered some of my ad- 
vci-saiies/* says the learned writer, ** their insufferable abuse, 
and my own love of quiet, made it necessary. I had tried all 
ways to silence an iniquitous clamour; by neglect of it; by 
good words ; by an explanation of my meaning \ and all without 
cficct. The first volume of this obnoxious work had not been 
out many days, before I was fallen u[K)n by a furious ecclesiasti- 
cal news-writer, with the utmost brutality. All the return 1 
then made, or then ever intended to make, was a vindication of 
my moral character^ wrote with such temper and forbearance as 
seemed afibctation to those who di<l not know that I only wanted 
to be quiet. But I reckoned without my host. The angry man 
became ten timet mor^ outrageous. What wa*? now to be done ? 
1 tried another method with him. 1 drew his picture ; I exposed 
bim naked j and sliewed the publick of what parts and prin- 
ciples this tumour was made up. It had its effect j and I never 
heaixi more of him. On this occasion, let me tell the reader 
a story. ' As a Scotch bagpiper was traversing the mountains 
of Ulster^ he was one evening encountered by a hunger-starved 
Irish wolf. I n this 'distress, the poor man could think of nothing 
better than to open his wallet, and try the efTects of bis hospi- 
tality. He did hO, and the savage swallowed all that was thrown 
him with so impro\ ing a voracity, as if his appetite was but just 
coming to him. The whole stock of provision, you may be sure, 
was soon s|>ent. And now, his only recourse was to the virtue 
of the bagpipe ) which the monster no sooner heard, than he , 
took to the movmtains with the same precipitation that he had 
come down. The poor piper could nqt so perfectly ei:joy his 
deliverance, but thit^ with an angiy look at parting, he shook 
his head, and said, ' Ay ! ai-e these your tricks ? Had I known 
your humour, you should have bad your music before supper.* 
But though I had the caducetS'of Peace in my hands, yet it v/as 
only in cases of necessity that I made use of it. And tlierefore I 
chose to let pass, without any chastisement, such impotent 
raUers ajs Dr. Ricliard Grey, and one Bate, a zany to a mounte* 
bank. On the other hand« when I happened to be engaged with 
such very learned and ckndid writer? as Dr. Middleton and the 
Master of the Charter-house [Mr. Mannl, I gavesufficient proof how 
much I preferred a difierent manner of carrying on a controversy, 
would my answerers but ofiford me the occasion. But, alas ! as 
: J never should have such learned men long my adversaries, and 

^ never 

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Two edirions of Two single Sermons by Mr. War- 
burton : 1 . '* A feithful Portrait of Popery, by which 
it i» seen to be the Reverse of Christianity, as it is 
the Destruction of Morality, Piety, and Civil Li- 
berty ; a Sermon preached at St. James's Church, 
Westminster, 1745/' 8vo. 2. "A Sermon occa- 
sioned by the present unnatural Rebellion, &c» 
preached in Mr. Allen's Chapel at Prior Park, near 
Bath, and published at his Request, Nov. 1745,'* 8vo. 

In the sam^ year, 1745, to oblige Mr. George 
Faulkner * of Dublin, Mr. Bowyer wrote this 
short preface to a posthumous pamphlet of Dean 
Swift : " ITie following treatise of Directions to 
Servants was begun some years ago by the Author, 
who had not leisure to finish and put it into proper 
order, being engaged in many other works of greater 
use to his Country, as may be seen by most of his 
writings. But, as the Author's design was to ex- 
pose the villainies and frauds of Servants to their 
masters and mistresses, we will make no apology 
for its publication ; but give it our readers m the 
same manner as we find it in the original, which ' 
may be seen in the printer s custody. The few 
tautologies that occur in the characters left un- 
finished, will make the reader look upon the whole 
as a rough draught, with several outlines only 
drawn. However, that there may appear no daub- 
ing or patch-work by other hands, it is thought 

never would have these other my frienda, I found that, if I wrote 
at all, I must be condenmed to a manner^ which aiU who know 
me know to be most abhorrent to my natiuul temper. So, on 
the whole, I resolved to quit my hands of them at once, and 
tiim again to nobler game, more suitable, as Dr. Stebbing tella 
me, y<o my clerical function, that pestilent herd of libertine 
scribblers, with which the island i«j over-run j whom I would hunt 
down, as good King jEkigar did his wolves 5 from the mighty 
author of ' Christianity as old as the Creation,* to the drunken 
blaspheming Cobler, who wrote against Jesus and the Resurrec- 
tion. This was a pamphlet intituled '* The Resurrection of Jesus 
demonstrated to have no Proof.** 

^ '* Aa you are famous for writing Prefeces, pray help me to 
one for " Advice to Servants." Mr. Faulkner to Mr, Bowyer, 
Nov. 8/1746. 

Vol. IL N most 

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most advisable to give it in the Authors own 
words. It is imagined that he intended to make a 
large volume of this work ; but, as time and health 
would not permit him, the reader may draw, from 
what is here exhibited, means to detect the many- 
vices and faults to which people in that kind of 
low life are subject. If gentlemen would seriously 
consider this work, which is written for their in- 
struction (although ironically), it would make themi 
better oeconomists, and preserve their estates and 
families from ruin. It may be seen, from some 
scatter^ papers (wherein were given hints for a 
dedication and preface, and a list of all degrees 
of servants), that the Author intended to have gone 
through all their characters. This is all that need 
be said as to this treatise, which can only be looked 
upon as a fragment." 

In this year Mr. Bowyer projected (what during 
his whole life he had in view) a regular edition of 
Cicero's Letters *, in chronological order, on a 
plan which it is to be lamented that he did not 
complete; as an uniform series thus properly ar- 
ranged would have formed a real history of Tully's 
life, and those which cannot be dated might be 
thrown to the end without any inconvenience. 

In the same year he published " The Life of the 
Emperor Julian;" translated from the French of 
F. La Bleterie, and improved with twelvepages of 
mirious notes, and a genealogical table. The notes 
were not entirely Mr. Bowyer's, but were drawn 

* " Mr. Markland, Dec. 16, 1746, says, "Macte tui indmtrid, 
mto Cicero ; but 1 fear you wUl find reason to be tired of it 
upcm two accounts ; one, because such a work as this wiU 
require the whole man and his attention, at least for some con- 
siderable time^ and another, because such an Editor should either 
have of -his own, or have the command of, a library ki which are 
to be found all the lUeratores; not to mention a thurd, that when 
you have taken nil these pains, the book perhaps may hang upon 
jour hands." 


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up in part by Mr; Clarke and other learned men^ 
This translation (by Miss Anna Williams ♦, a blind 

* Daughter of a surgeon and ph^vician in South Wales, whefe 
she was bom in 1706. Her &ther/ Zachariah Williams, during 
his residence in Wales, imagined that he had discovered, by a 
kind of intuitive penetration, what had escaped the rest of 
mankind. He &ncied> that he had been fortunate enough to 
ascertain the Longitude by magnetism, and that the variationJs of 
the needle w^re equal, at equal distances. East and West. The 
idea fired his imagination; and, prompted by ambition, and the 
hopes of splendid recompence, he determined to leate his bu- 
siness and habitation for the Metropolis. Miss Williams accom-* 
panied him, and they arrived in London about 1730 5 but the 
bright views which had allured him from his profession soon 
vanished. The rewards which he had promised himself end^ 
in disappointment} and the ill success of his schemes may be 
inferred from the only recompence which his joiuney and ima- 
gined discovery procured — ^he viras admitted a pensioner at the 
Charter-house. — ^When Miss Williams iirst resided in Londonii 
she devoted no inconsiderable portion of her time to its various 
amusements. She visited every object that merited the inspect 
tion of a polished and laudably-inquisitive mind, or could attract 
the attention of a stranger. At a later peiiod of life, 'she spoke 
femiliarly of these scenes of which the impression was never 
erased, though they must, however, have soon lost their allure- 
ments. — Mr. Williams did not long continue a member of the 
Charter-house. An iniringoment of rules, or some other miscon- 
duct, obliged him to remove from that comfortable asylum of age 
and poverty. He was*now exposed to severe trials, and every suc- 
ceeding day increased the gloominess of his prospects.*— In 1740 ^ 
Miss Williams lost her sight by a cataract, which prevented her, 
in a great measure, from assisting his distresses, and alleviating 
his sorrows. She still, however, felt her passion for literature 
equally predominant. She continued the same attention to 
the neatness of her dress ; and, wliat is more extraordinary, 
continued still the exercise of her needle ; a branch of ieraale 
accomplishment in which she had before displayed great excel- 
lence. During the lowness of her fortune, she worked for her^^ 
self with nearly as much dexterity and readiness as if she had 
not sufiered a loss so irreparable. 'Her powers of conversation 
retained their former vigour. Her mind did not sink .under 
these calamities ; and the natural activity of her disposition ani^ 
mated her to uncommon exertions : 

" Though l^en on evil days ; 
On evil days though fallen 9 
In darkness, and with dangers compass'd rounds 
And solitude !** 

In 1746> notwithstanding her blindness^ she published th« 
♦' Lafe of the Emperor Julian, from the French of F. La Bleterie." 
It does not appear what pecuniary advantages MLw Williams 

N 2 mi^t 


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lady^ assisted by two sisters of the name of Wilkin- 

might derive from this publication. They were probably not 
very considerable, and afforded only a temporary relief to the 
misfortunes of her fether. About this time, Mr. Williams, who 
imparted his afflictions to all from whom he hoped consolation 
or assistance, told his story to Dr. Johnson ; and, among other 
a^ravations of distress, mentioned his daughter's blindness. 
He spoke of her acquirements in such high terms, that Mi's. 
Johnson, who was then living, expressed a desire of seeing her ; 
and accordingly she was soon afterwards brought to the Doctor's 
house by her fkther -, and Mrs. Johnson found her possessed of 
such qualities as recommended her strongly for a friend. As 
her own state of health, therefore, was weaJc, and her husband 
was engaged during the greater part of the day in his studies, 
she gave Miss WiUiams a general invitation. A strict intimacj 
soon took place ; but the enjoyment of their friendship did not 
continue long. Soon after its commencement, Mrs. Johnson 
was attended by her new companion in an illness which termi- 
nated Vitally. Dr. Johnson still retained his regard for her 5 and 
in 1753, by his recommendation, Mr. Sharp, the celebrated sur- 
geon> undertook to perform the operation on Miss WUliams's 
eyes which is usual in such cases, in hopes of restoring her siffht. 
Her own habitation was not judged convenient for the occasion. 
She was, therefore, invited to the Doctor's. ^The surgeon's skill, 
however, proved fiiiitless, as the crystalline humour was not 
sufficiently inspissated for the needle to take effect. The recovery 
of her sight was pronounced impossible. After this dreadfiil sen- 
tence, she for a long time never left the roof which had received 
her during the operation. Dr. Johnson*s kindness and conversa- 
tion soothed her melancholy situation > and her society seemed 
to alleviate tlie sorrows which his late loss had occasioned. When 
the Doctor, however, changed his i^idence, she returned to 
iodgine;s ; and, in 1755 her father published a book, in Italian 
and English, intituled, " An Account of an Attempt to ascertain 
the Longitude at Sea, by an exact Theory of the magnetical Needle. 
With aTable of Variations at the most memorable Cities in Europe, 
from the year 1660 to I860,'* 4to. The English part of this book 
was written by Dr. Johnson, the Italian by Mr. Baretti f. In that 
year, Mrs. Williams's circumstances were rendered more easy by 
the profits of a benefit-play, granted her by the kindness of Mr. 
Garrick, from which she received 200/. which was placed in the 
public funds. While Mrs. Williams enjoyed so comfortablean asylum, 
her life passed in one even tenor. It was chequered by none of those 
scenes which enliven biography by their variety. The next event of 
any consequence, in the history of Mrs. Williams, was the public 
cation of a volume of " Miscellanies in Prose and Verse," in 
1766. Her fronds assisted her, in the completion of this book, 
by several voluntary contributions -, and lOOZ. (which was laid 
out in a Bridge-bond) was added to her little stock by the liber- 

f Several interesting Letters of Mr. Williams concerning the Longitude, 
Ac. may be seen in Gent, Mag. voL LVII. pp. 757, 104 LI 157. 

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son) was made under his immediate inspection^ and 
was revised by Mr. Markland and Mr. Clarke *. 

ality of her subscribers. About 1766 Dr. Johnson removed from 
the Temple, where he had lived for some time in chambers, to 
Johnson'a-court, Fleet-street, and a^in invited to his house the 
worthy friend of Mrs. Johnson. The latter days of Mrs. Williams 
were now rendered easy and comfortable. Her wants were few ; 
and, to supply them, she made her income sufficient. She still 
possessed an unalterable friend in Dr. Johnson. Her acquaint- 
ance was select, rather than numerous. Their society made the 
infirmities of age less intolerable, and communicated^ (as I have 
fiiequently witnessed) a cheerfulness to her sftuation, which soli- 
tary blindness would otherwise have rendered truly deplorable. 
I have frequently taken tea with Dr. Johnson, made by Mi-s. Wil- 
liams. She could discriminate the colour of a gown or a coat by 
feeling it ; and was continually borrowing books to read, as she 
called it, hut which her friends read to her. She died, at the 
house of her friend, in Bolt-court, Fleet street (whither they re^ 
moved ebont the year 1775), Sept. 6, 1783, aged 77 i and 
bequeathed all her little efibcts to a charity, which had been in- 
stituted, in the parish of St. Sepulchre, for the education of 
poor deserted giris, and supported by the contributions of ladies. 
* " I like your specimen of Jiilian very well, and fancy it will 
answer your purpose; not so well indeed as Tar-water, but 
better than any other holy water you could give us. I suppose 
you don't finish your sheets off, till Mr. Mu-kland has read them. ^ 
It is worth while to stay for their return ; for he sweeps all at a 
single reading, and can tell by memory, whether Ablarius or 
Ablavius is the true name of a Consul that scarce any body ever 
heard of. You must take care that your fair translators don*t 
keep rather too close to the French -, it is pardonable in their 
sex, but will not pass so well in yours ; though 1 saw little to 
complain of. The French spelling of the proper names they 
must always follow. They have too. Master of Julian, for what 
is easier with us, Julian's MasHr: and in another place, to em- 
ploy in doing good that liberty; more expressive, both the liberty, 
&c. But these are trifles. I fancy that most of the difficulties 
you find in medals are of the Antiquaries' own making, in lay- 
ing down general rules, which ai-c precarious. Caesars were 
sometimes sent into provinces, as Julian was, with full powers ; 
and the mints in those provinces might compliment them with 
the diadem, as knowing it would not displease the Emperor. 
In others, the same person might go without it. F. Jobert 
•eems to be clear in tlds : ' On feroit voir de simples Cesars cou- 
ronnez de laurier, ou parez du diademe — on montreroit avec la 
mtme Bacilit^ plusieurs medailks d'Empereurs — ou leur tete se 
tnmve toute nuC* - What will you think then of Valesius*s asser- 
tion of never appearing with a coronet ? This must be for the 
take of an hypothesis ; unless he had seen all the medals of 
Julian^ there is no asserting it" Mr. Clarke to Mr. Bowyer. 


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His advertisement is here exhibited : 
** The ^bllowing piece was recommended to me 
by an eminent Writer *, who has had the good 
ifortune to please the world ; and is therefore best 
entitled to judge of its taste. I found it, in many 
jrespects, agreeable to my own. By authority, there- 
fore, and inclination, I was led to communicate it to 
the publick. It appears, perhaps, under some dis- 
advantage, because the Author has not thought 
proper to put his name to it ; which has precluded 
the Editor likewise from the pleasure of adding his, 
being obliged not to come behind his French origi-r 
nal in point of delicacy. I (rust it to make its way 
in the world by its own merit, without any other re* 
commendation. That the English edition, however, 
might receive some advantage, I have added a plate 
of coitus, and same notes^y to illustrate the history, 
sometimes perhaps to bring in fresh matter to it. 
- Those who have no relish for the knowledge of 
medals, will find themselves interested enough in 
the narrative, and may leave the showy part of the 
entertainment to other readers. The motives which 
led Julian to quit the Christian Religion will be al- 
ways matter of encjuiry ; for one Apostate upon 
principle raises our speculation more than tl\gusands 
without principle, or against principle. Among 
other reasons which arise from a view of his life, I 
' would suggest, the early prejudices he must have 
conceived against the cruelty of Constantius; the 
reigning vice, I may say, of that family. We 
^njbibe in our youth the principles of our guardians 
in proportion only to our veneration for them. 
iPernaps our own Queen Maiy's attachment to 
Popery might be accounted for from a like cause; a 
short reign, like Julian's — and Christianity, as the 

* Supposed tQ b^ Mr. Warburton^ whose masterly Discaane, 
under the title of ''Julian/' Mr. JBo\^er bad printed in 1750. 
Mr. Waiburton afterwards called in the impreasion of this Dis- 
fOUTse. Why is not now known. But the &ct is curious. 

t Which may be seen in the quarto volume of Mr. £owyer*« 
Miscellaneous Tracts. 


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Befonnation, first established by a long reign, re- 
covered the fester for a little opposition to it. But ^ 
I wiU detain the Reader no longer from the History, 
and his own reflections." 

The following letter was sent by Mr. Bowyer on 
this occasion to the London Courant: 

" It is one of the hardest things in nature to give 
an enemy the praise which is due to him. I was 
led into this reflection on a double account, from 
reading a most entertaining piece, ^ The Life of the 
Emperor JuUan ;' the author of it a Frenchman ; 
die subject, an Apostate from the Christian Reli^ 
gion. A writer of our own had heretofore attempted 
somewhat of the same kind, the celebrated Mr. John- 
son*, a man of wit, and a sprightly controversialist. 
But very difierent talents are requisite to make a 
good historian : an extensive view of the times he 
writes of; a methodical disposition of his work; 
a dear narration of &cts, varied according to the 
difierent scenes that occur in it, and carried on 
throughout with a politeness becoming an attendant 
on a prince ; and, above all, a true knowledge of 
human nature, which traces out the springs of 
action, whether actuated by prejudice, passion, or 
policy, are qualities which the English writer 
wanted, and so remarkably distinguish the French, 
that a man would scarce think he was reading the 
same period of time in both. Then for the subject, 
the very name of an Apostate carries with it so 
frightful an idea, that we think it is inconsistent with 
every virtue, and presently conclude, that the man 
who has deserted Christianity, has abandoned hu- 
manity likewise. Others take a contrary turn : and, 
having found a prince of distinguished sense, whose 
mind was not open to the convictiojx of revelation, 

* Chaplain to Lord Rnssel in the time of Charles II. — His 
inflexible patriotism involved him in fi'equent dangers ; particu- 
larly, in 169^^ his life was attempted by seven assassins, who 
beat him in bed, and one of them cut his head with a sword. 
He lived till May 1703. AH his treatises were collected in 1713> 
in one folio volume, with some memorials of his life. 


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magnify every excellence in hiniy to the discourage-- 
rnent of that^ Both extremes this Author hath hap^ 
pily avoided. The Reader will find here an agree- 
.able contrast of very different properties; anEnfi- 
pcrror and a Philosopher, intrepid in war, and yet 
superstitiously fearful of omens; credulous, and yet 
an infidel, persuaded of the truth of miracles, and 
yet rejecting the evidence of them ; a hero, and yet 
a bigot in Religion ; and in that too of forbearing 
principles, and yet intent upon establishing his 
own ; a rational enquirer, and yet devoted to priests 
and sophists ; a satirist, and yet good-natured ; in 
short, an assemblage (as tlie Author expresses it) of 
eminent qualities ill sorted, which, with the variety 
of incidents and advantages that attended him, give 
th^ history of his life, founded on the strictest truth, 
all the surprise of fiction *." 

It was suggested to me, in 1780, that Mr, Bowyer 
was the autnor of " A J)issertation ; in which the 
Objections of a late Pamphlet -f' to tlie Writings of 

* Mr. A. V. Desvoeux, a clergyman in Ireland, and chaplaiu 
to his msyesty's regiment of cal^bineers, not knowing of Mr. 
Bowyer's intention, had published proposals at Dublin for print- 
ing a translation of the same work, with " An Appendix, con- 
taining several Dissertations on Points relating to Julian's His- 
tory." I have the titles of these Dissertations in the Author's 
hand-writing; but ha^e never seen a printed copy of his transla- 
tion. — Mr. Desvoeux published " A ]>hiivsophioal and critical 
Essay on Ecdesiastes. London, 17(>0,*' 4to. dedicated to the 
primate of Ireland. This work is well spoken of by Bishop 
Lowth, in Jiis 24th Prelection, " De Sacr& Poesi Hebraeorum." 
See the author's preface ; and in p. 501 of the work : " 1 ha%e 
shewn in another work," says he, on which words his note is -, 
•' See our Julianas life and character illnst. DJ.«??. VII." 

t **The late Pamph letwdiswriiien by Mr. John Ross, of St. John's 
college; B.A. 1740; MA. 1744; B.D. 1751; andD.D. 1756; who 
thus early declai ed that esteem which he ever afterwards professed 
for Dr. Middleton's elegant taste in literary accomplishment, by 
hazarding this elegant bijou against one of the Doctor's most for- 
midable anta*J:onists.-— *' In this Pamphlet, however, he had the 
assistaLce of the late Mr. Gray and others, Uiough Mr. Ross always 
took the credit of it to himself.'^ Mr. E. Clarke, in a Letter to 
Mr, Nichols. — ^To Mr. Ross the publick was soon after indebted 
for a valuable edition of Cicero's ** Epistolae ad Familiares, 1749," 
Svo. (on which see the Remarks of Mr. Markland, in vol. IV. 
pp.28;. SI7. 319). A MS. of tliese Letters, written in a iair and 


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the Antients, after the Manner of Mr. Markland, 
are clearly answered : those passages in TuUy cor- 

legible hand, on vellum, was lent by Dr. Mead to Mr. Ross; who 
added English notes, preferring the English language to bar- 
barous Latin and hackneyod phrases of criticisTn, and. imitating 
Mongault's excellent edition of the Epistles to Atticus^ with a 
French translation and notes. This edition was dt^icated to the 
late Lord Gower ; and the letters are arranged according to the 
order of time and persons, and as it is probable they were fi st 
phoed by the tirst publishers of them. — Dp. Ross was appointed 
King's chaplain, and preacher at the Rolls, 1757 5 presented in 
1760 to the vicarage of Frome Zelwood, co. Somerset, by Lord 
Weymouth; who, when lord-lieutenant of Ireland, ngminated 
Dr. Ross to be his cha la'n. He was advanced to the see of Exe- 
ter 1778, on the deain of Bp. Keppel ; died at Exeter, Aug. 14, 
1792 ; and^ by his last will, made the following liberal pro\ision 
for his domesticks : to his man 300/. and his wardrobe ; to his 
housekeeper, cook, footman, and groom, 100/. each ; besides a 
year's wages and mourning to each of them, and an additional sum 
of lOl. for every year they had been respectively in his service. 
As some had been with him near 30 years, and none less than 14, 
the whole bequest to servants alone amounted to ^000/. He also 
left to the Exeter infirmary 200 guineas ; to the chapter of Exeter 
great part of his library ; and, aftei* a few legacies to distant 
relations and friemls, bequeathed the residue of his property 
to his kinswoman. Miss Garway, daughter-in-law of Samuel 
CoUett, esq. of Worcester. — Bishop Ross printed five sermons, 
viz. 1. At the Cambridge Commencement, 1/56; 2. On the 
Fast, 1756 j 3. On January 30, before the House of Commons, 
1759 ; 4. On January 30, before the House of Lords, 1779 ; 
6. On the Fast, before the House of I^rds, 1779. — In the former 
edition of these Anecdotes, the Editor, speaking of Mr. R<)ss*s 
publications in 1744 and 1749, took occasion to add, " Who- 
ever considers, ths^t these were both very early pnxluctions, 
and knows that th^ Bishop has confined himself, through SO 
years of the prime of a life uncommonly abstemious, to an 
unceasing reading of the vei-y best books only on the most im- 
portant subject, will find that his admiration of them increases 
his regret, that any reasons .should have prevented his re- 
ceiving more ample fruits of this Prelate's learning and judg- 
ment. How much cause of regret would tho republick of 
letters have had, if any consideration had in luced Bi^hop Lowth 
to withhold a late work from them, that, for th**. multiplicity 
and importance of its discoveries, has perhaps not been equalled 
since the publication of the Sacred Audiors themselves ! Happy 
indeed it is for the Christian world, when men of these gigantic 
abilities condescend to instruct us, and thereby lessen our sorrow 
for the loss of a Sherlock, or a still greater Seeker.*' 

The greatest part of the preceding note vras furnished by tjie 
late Rev. George Ashby, to whom tjfie Bishop of Exeter had just 
given a small preferment ; a circumstance which occasioned the 
fiiUowing Letters from that leained and benevolent Prelate. t 

" DEQPgle 


rected, on which some of the Objections are founded* 
With Amendments of a few Pieces of Criticism ia 

" DEAR MH. A8HBY, Exet&T, Sept 23, 1780. 

'' As soon as Johnson f informed me of his being in possession 
of Stansneld I, I wrote to the Lord Chancellor, to desire him to 
give directions for your presentation -, having some suspicion^ 
that the directions in the office, to which you refer, belong to a 
living in Cornwall, which I had begged to have the disposal of 
^ when it should become vacant. I have written also to Mr. Gell 
to expedite your business, so far as he is concerned in it, as fiist 
as possible; and I hope there will be no delay. 

" I was much surprized at the printed note §, which you en- 
closed. I am much obliged to the writer of it ; bujt could not 
have suspected that either of the Pamphlets would have been 
worth remembering at so great a distance of time.. I did not 
know the author of the one, till I read it this last winter in the 
BiogT-aphia.— Excuse the hurry in which I write : I am in the 
mickt of the preparatory business of an ordination. J. Exeter.*' 

" DEAR SIR, Erome, Oct, 4, 1780. 

" The Pamphlet in the manner of Mr, Markland, as, I thinks 
was expressed in the title-page, was undoubtedly mine. It was 
known to be mine at the time y and you must have knoven it to 
be mine as well as others. You treat it very severely ; but I am 
not much disturbed at it. It was intended to laugh at Mr. Mark- 
land; and not, as you write, to serve him. The aiguinents, 
though flimsy aiid puerile, were his ; and applied to writings un- 
doubtedly genuine, in order to shew theu: insufficiency for the 
purpose to which he had applied them : and 1 never knew who 
was the defender of Mr. Markland till I read the article Bowyer 
in the New Biographia last winter. The note which you sent 
me, from the civility of it, I thought to be your own. But, 
whoever writ it, I could not be offended at it, though the sub- 
ject of it might as well have been forgotten : or, if it was neces- 
saiy in the execution, of Nicholses plan to mention it, it might 
have been drawn up in a different manner. — I thank you for 
your communication from Fddlas ; but. I own, I seldom employ 
myself in speculations below the surfoce of the Earth; and think 
I have little concern with any thing more than the small por- 
tion which I am some time or other to occU|.y. J. £." 

f "SimucUohnson, late perpetual cnrate of Cirencester, presented by th« 
Bitbop of Exet' r to one of the ihree perpetaal curacietf of Bampton. Oxford- 
Ihirp, wunh 200/. a year, vacant by the death of Dr. Amphlet" T, F. 

X What here follows is in the words of Mr. Ashby : *' In October 1730 he 
[Mr. A.} was uiducied into the living of Stansfield in Suffulk, owing to the 
fiivour of Dr. Ross. Bishop of Exeter; who, entirely unsolicited, gave him a 
valuable portion of the vicarage of Hampton' in Oxfordshire ; but which, 
being out of distance from his College living [Barrow] he procured an ex* 
change of it for Stansfleld.— Dr. Ross's friendship for him began early, in 
College i and continued anifbrmly steady through all following changes of 
pitce and situation." 

§ This was a proof sheet of the note as originally written ; in which s«. 
▼eral aUerations were afterwards made at the suggestion of Mr. Ashby. 

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Mr. Markiand's Epistola Critica. 1746." Svo. It 
was certainly printed by him ; and if he did not 

f* MY DBAR MB. ASHBY, Frome, Oct 14, 1780. 

" I am much concerned that my last letter has given you 
any uneasiness. It was far from my intention of doing it. I 
had not taken the least offence at what you had written, nor 
entertained any suspicion of your want of esteem for me ; and, 
now you have explained the whole transaction with Nichols, 
which you had not done hefoi-e, I think myself particularly 
obliged to you for clearing me from tlie guilt of writing so silly 
a pamphlet, as it seems to be from the specimen which you have 
sent me. I had entirely forgot the matter of it, as I have 
almost that of my own 3 and probably^ if I wei'e to read this last 
now, I should form the same judgment of it as I thought you 
had done, and joined with you in disowning it. 

'* I hope, before you receive tliis, that you will be in full pos- 
session of Stansfieid. The opportunity which I have had of 
doing you this little favour has been one of the greatest pleasures 
which I have had from my advancement 5 and if it were not for 
such opportunities as 'these sometimes happening, there is nothing 
belonging to it which could make it of any value to me. J. £.'* 

'* MY DEAE MR. ASHBY, Frome, [1783 t]. 

" Though I mentioned the nmnber of letters of business which 
I am obliged to answer, as a reason for the slowness of my cor- 
Tespondence, yet { never intended to use it as a plea for not 
answering at all the letters of particular friends ; and, whatever 
my busuiess may be, I shall be glad to hear from them, and 
always find time to acknowledge their favours, and to thank 
them for them. I am greatly obliged to you for yours j and had 
great pleasure to be informed, tluit, in tliesc times of general 
necessity, you arc so much at ease in your own circumstances, 
and that I have been in some small d^ree a contributor to them. 
I wish it were in my power to add something more, and to tempt 
you, by something of value, to spend a part of your time at 
Exeter. But I have no prospect of ever having that in my 
power. The dignities in my church, which are in my disposal, 
and of considerable value, are few, and in possession of younger 
men than either of us } and my prebends have no corps, with 
only an annual stipend of twenty pounds, and have no other 
value in them than as a quaUiication for a canonry, which is in 
the choice of the chapter -, to one of which, if there should be a 
vacancy, I may perhaps have interest enough to procure the 
election of my Chaplain 5 and therefore, if ever it should be 
agreeable to you to make an excursion to the West, I can only 
assure you of a hearty welcome id my own house, and a residence 
there as long as you please! 

t Thit letter was most probably written towards the latter end of the 
jear 1783, or early in the following: ; as Dr. Bagot succeeded Bishop 
VoBse \a May, aiid coafirxned »t Buiy sg early afterwards as September. 

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write it himself (which is extremely probable), he 
was at least an assistant in it/"*. 

" I had no doubt of your Bishop's acquitting himself well in 
his Visitation. He is a very worthy man, and will endeavour to 
do all the good he can. fic complained much to me of the state 
of his Diocese in many respects^ owing to the easiness and inac- 
tivity of his predecessor ; and was under some apprehension of 
meeting with difficulties, which would be above his strength to 
contend with. But, indeed, the situation of a Bishop is in no 
diocese a situation of ease and pleasure. I certainly do not find 
it such in mine. My velvet cushion, which without appears to 
be so soft and easy, is within fiill of briars and thorns ; and> 
when I change my seat, they stick to me, wherever I am, and 
even pursue me in my present retirement at Fropae. But, whether 
I am at ease or not, whether I am at Frome or Exeter, or at 
any other place, I shall ever remember our friendship with plea- 
sure, and continue most sincerely yours, J. Exeter." 

" MY DEAR MR. ASHBY, South AudXey-street , Dec, lO. 

*' At the sight of your letter I received the greatest pleasure ; 
for, though neither distance of time or place can ever make me 
foiget the many happy days we passed together in Cambridge ; 
yet it instantly excited the remembrance of them, and I &ncied 
myself in company with you and Rutherforth, and many of our 
old friends -, but the deception lasted but a shoit time. It was^ 
as it were, a dream, which ended in disappointment, and left 
me alone to recollect, that most of them were no more, and 
that you and I are at such a distance, that, as we had not seen 
each other for many years, we might most probably never see 
one another again; but, however, I still rejoiced to observe, 
by your letter, that you seem to retain the same good spirits and 
activity of mind wluch you used to have 5 and, as long as you 
can retain that, by amusing yourself with that variety of literary 
enquiries of which you have laid in a great stock, and in which 
I avn told you continue to employ yourself, life will be a happy 
enjoyment to you. Employment, I am certain, is the great secret 
of happiness j and I hope you will experience the truth of it in a 
laj^ degree. " Dr. Kebei-den this moment called in upon me, 
whilst 1 was writing; and I read him the paragraph of your letter 
relating to him. He was much pleased with it. He seems to be 
in perfect health, and almost free from all the infirmities of age. 
Such are the good eflfects of temperance and virtue ! 

" I thank God, I enjoy a tolerable share of health myself, 
though I find an abatement in my strength, and cannot read 
without the assistance of Argcns* lamp : but I do not want em- 
ployment. Sometimes I have too much ; and I fear that 1 want 
the fortitude, and firmness of mind, which your Diocesan is dis- 

* After the declaration in p. 187 the Readei* will be surprized 
to hear that Mr. Bowyer has written on the title-page of the se* 
cond pamphlet^ " By John RosSf the Autlior of the Objections" 


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Two other single sermons by Mr. Warburton 
were printed by him in 1746 *. i^ " The Nature 

tmgttished for. He has, I believe, a great deal of business ; and 
if YOU will come next summer, and spend two or three months 
with me at Exeter, which will give nie the greatest pleasure, 
you will find that I cannot be idle. 
" I am, most sincerely, your aifectionate and faithful friend, 

J. £XET£K. 

** Mrs. Rutherforth died a day or two ago.'* 

" MY DEAR MR. ASHBY, ExetCT, Auq. 1^, 1790. 

" I received youi* very fiiendly letter of the 16th of July in due 
time; and it gave me great plca^jure, not only to be remembered 
by you, but to be remembered in such a manner as to convince 
Hie of your afiection to me, and of the full enjoyment of your 
usual health and good spirits 5 and it is with great truth 1 assure 
you, that none of your friends can rejoice in it more than I do, 
or more sincerely wish you a long continuance of it. 

** As to the state of my own health, your account of it before 
I left town was in part true. 1 recovered my strength and 
spirits during the mild winter much more than I could have 
expected ; and have been free from any particular disorder for 
the last four or five months of my residence at Frome and Exe- 
ter; but, notwithstanding aU this, l perceive a great alteration, 
every week, in my general habit, and am aware that the infir- 
mities of age are advancing rapidly upon me. Though I retain 
my love for Cambridge, and was pleased at reading your history 
of the improvements which have lately been made in its streets 
and buildings, and recollected the many happy moments you and 
[ have passed there ; ye{ the impression which was made on me 
seemed to be much sHghter than it used to be ; and I could not 
help considering thatl had little or no interest in any events. of 
that kind. As to the new library, the arrangement and form 
of the classes always offended me ; and it would l*e well if the 
whole building could be removed or reformed; but that is impos- 
sible. I purpose to continue here my usual time ; and, after 
holding an ordination in September, to remove to Frome, in my 
way to London, and tliere to take up my winter-quarters. But 
this b a language which is full of pi^uraplion, and does not 
belong to me. My plan will most probably be intenxipted, and 
I ought not to murmur or complain. I have passed the age 
of seventy-one ; I have enjoyed a great share of the blessings of 
Providence ; and am, I hope, neither unthankful for them, nor 
unwilling to resign them ; and, as long as I live, shall be glad 
•ometimes to hear from yuu; and beg that you will believe me 
to be to mv last moment, 

'* Your affectionate and feithful friend, J. Exbter J." 

♦ In a letter to Mr. Bowjer, dated Jan. «0, 1745-6, Mr. War- 
burton, after giving some little commissions, ** in confidence that 
his friend had survived and got the better of the alarms for the 

X The Bishop lived two vears and two days after the date of this letter. 


of National OiFences truly stated ;" preached on the 
general Fast-Kiay, Dec. 18, 1745; and 2. "A Ser- 
mon preached at the Thanksi^^iving appointed to be 
observed the gth of October, for the Suppression of 
ihe late unnatural Rebellion." Of these, and of the 
two single Sermons mentioned in p. I77, there 
were several editions in 8vo. 

In this year Mr. Bowyer printed also Mr. War- 
burton's " Apologetical Dedication to the Rev* 
Dr. Henry Stebbing, in answer to his Censure and 
Misrepresentations of the Sermon preached on the 
General Fast-day appointed to be observed Dec. 18, 
1745," 8vo. 

The first volume of " A new Method of learnings 
with greater Facility the Greek -Tongue * ; con- 
constitution^ and frights from the Highlanders, that lately nlled 
the country with concision," tells him, " I have subscribed SOL 
to the Linoolnshire Association (which is more tlian any of the 
Clergymen in the county) ; and I have published three sermons. 
Have not I Bairly contributed my quota both in temporals and 
spirituals ? I will neither be a civil nor an ecclesiastical slave ', 
but don't be surpriz^ if I soon submit to the vinc'lajugalia* 
To offer up my freedom to one of the finest women in England^ 
is being more than free. In the mean time, whether bond or 
free, depend upon my being always yours.'* — Mr. Warburton wa» 
married to Miss Tucker on the fifth of September 1746. 

* In ar copy of this book Mr. Bowyer has left the following 
memorandum : " When the first edition of this Grammar wa» 
translated into English, as I printed one volume and Mr. Bet- 
tenham the other, I thought it would be a means of recommend^ 
ing myself to the proprietors, Messrs. Nourse and Hawkins, if I 
suggested to them to add Lowe's Collection of Ligatures new en- 
graved and improved. The engraver executed his part very ill, 
as the reader will see ; but for the first edition it was to pass* 
"When a second edition was going to the press, I renewed my 
application to print one of the volumes, as I had done before^ 
and* reminded the proprietors that the plate should be new en- 
graved. I was rejected with scorn ; and Mr. Hawkins told me, 
1 should not print a letter of it: that my brother Bettenhamf 
should print the whole. The faidts in the plate are monstrous > 
and two ligatures are omitted, which I had introduced into it 
from H. Stephens's Epistola ad quosdam amicos, ^c. printed in 
Theodorus Janssonius ab Atmeloveen, p. 192, 193, in which he 
complains of the people's want of ability even to read Greek in some 
of Aldufi's editions, particularly the aJbbreviations for In and x«K 
It is very remarkable^ that when Maittaire reprinted this epistla 

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tabling Rules for the Declensions, Conjugations^ 
Resolution of Verbs, Syntax, Quantity, Accents^ 
Dialects, and Poetic Licence. Digested in the 
clearest and concisest Order. With Variety of 
useful Remarks, proper to the attaining a complete 
Knowledge of that Language, and a perfect Under- 
standing of the Authors who have writ in it. Trans- 
lated from the French of the Messieurs De Port 
Royal. In two Volumes." 8vo. 


On tlie 21st of August, 1747, Mr. Bowyer en- 
tered a second time into the matrimonial state, with 
a most benevolent and worthy woman, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Bill, who had for some years before been his 

In that year he printed "A General History of 
England, volume l!* containing an Account of the 

in his '* Stephanorum Historia/' p. 331, 332, ed. J^nd. 1709, he 
has omitted to exemplify these two ligatures. By H. Stephens 
{ArH$ Typographic^ Querimonia^ " The Art of Printing" com- 
plains of being a sufferer 5 now a Printer, W. Bowyer." 

That Mr. Bowyer not only frequently experienced this speciet 
of mortification, but too severely felt it, is apparent from %'ari- 
ous testimonies of his own. In tlie margin of a copy of Homer, 
in whi^h are many of his corrections and observations, is the 
following memorandum: ''The copy-right of piinting the Odys- 
sey was bought at Mr. Knapton's sale by Mr. Millar, who, upon 
its being knocked down to him, said publicly, / bought it wilh a 
view to your printing it, Mr, Bowyer 5 therefore wish you would 
buy a copy in 4to, of Mr. Knapton, from which you may print. I 
did so, and acquainted Mr. Millar of it. He then told me, he 
had altered he mind, and intended Mr. Bettenham should print 
the first volume, and i should print the second volume, ^er- 
wards, he said, Mr. Bettenham having urged that he had a care* 
ful corrector, he should print both vtdumes, and bade me deliver 
them to him ; he would make me amends in somewhat else. I 
never printed a line of Homer since. I would have given him 
these M& additions, if he had kept to his promise $ but I have 
been, ' by Mr. Bettenham and other booksellers, treated many 
times in the same manner, particulaily in the Greek Grammar, 
by Mess, de Port-Royal, for Nourse and Hawkins, printed a 
second time by Bettenham ; . and in the book of Surgery [Heister*s] 
printed lately by me the first edition > afterwards oi3y one volume." 
* Of the fiiBt volume of this History, 150 copies were printed 
on royal paper^ 850 on a second size, and 2000 on small paper. 


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first Inhabitants of the Country, and the Transac- 
tions in it from the earliest Times to the Death of 
King John, A.D. 12l6, by Thomas Carte*, an 
Engflishman,'* foKo. 

Mr. Chishuirs " Travels in Turkey, and back to 
England," foHo; which has been already noticed. 

*' Bibliotheca Radcliviana ; or, a short Descrip- 
tion of the Radcliffe Library at Oxford, &c. con- 
taining its several Plans, Uprights, Sections, and 
Ornaments, on Twenty-three Copper-plates, neatly 
engraved, with the Explanation of each Plate, folio, 
by James Gibbs, Architect, F. R.S." 

" The Evangelical History and Harmony. By 
Matthew Pilkingtbn, LL. B. Vicar of Stanton in 
the County of Derby, and Chaplain to his Grace 
the Duke of Cleveland," folio. 

" Demosthenis Selectae Orationes: ad Codices 
MSS. recensuit, Textum, Scholiasten, et Versionem 

Slurimis in locis castigavit, Notis insuper illustravit 
licardus Mounteney '|*, Coll. Regal, apud Canta- 
brigienses baud ita pridem Socius. Praefiguntur 
Observationes J in Commentarios vulgo Ulpianeos, ' 

Of the succeeding volumes^ 100 only were printed on niyal paper, 
and 650 on small paper. * 

* Of whom see the Essays and Illustrations in toI. V. No. XVI. 

t This gentleman, who in 1725 went from Eton to Kings 
college, where he became a fellow, published the first edition of 
his Demosthenes in 1731. He was a barrister of the Inner 
Temple; and became in 1737 one of the barons of the Exchequer 
in Ii'eland; when, in 1743, there came on in that court the 
jkmous trial between James Anuesley, esq. and Richard Eaii of 
Anglesey ; in which this Judge made a most respectable figure. 
He was the author of " Observations on the probable Issue of 
the Congress;," printed by Mr. Bowyer in 1748, 8vo. His inti- 
macy with Sir Edward Walpole at college, and his excellent de« 
dication of pait of Demosthenes to Sir Robert, together with 
his honesty and great abilities, raised him to the honours he 
so well deserved. In September 1759 Baron Mounteney mar-- 
ried the Countess Dowager of Mount Alexander 3 and died in 

X These were by Dr. John Chapman, archdeacon of Sud« 
bury, son of William Chapman, curate and school-master of 
Wareham, then rector of Stratdeld Say. He was a fellow of 
King's college, Cambridge 5 B.A.17W; M.A. 1731. He was 
afterwards D. D. 5 chaplain to Abp. Potter ; rector of Mersham, 


Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


et Tabula antiquae Graeciae Demostheni accommo- 
data," 8vo. lliis work was inscribed, in a veiy 
excellent Dedication, to Sir Robert Walpole. 

" Letters on various Subjects, by the late Sir 
Thomas Fitzosborne, Bart." 8vo. [by William Mel- 
moth*, esq.] 

Kent 5 and also (in 1739) of Aldington^ with the chapdi of 
Smeeth. He was also treasurer of Chichester, which, with the 
archdeaconry of Sudbury, he received as options. Being edu- 
cated at Eton, and elected to King*9, he was a: candidate for 
the provostship of that collie, with the late Dr. George, and 
lost it but by a sma]! majority. A Charge to the Clergy of his 
Archdeaconry, which he published in 1745, incurred the lash of 
Dr. Middleton (see his Works). — ** What you say of Chapman's 
Charge is pleasant enough. The Bishop of London told me of it^ 
and i own I could not forbear laughing while he mentioned it ; 
as Qbber, when he told his Patron of an Ode he made at school, 
said he was sure he could not forbear laughing at the sound.*' 
Bp, WarhurtorCs Correspondence. — ^As executor and surviving trus- 
tee of Abp. Potter, Dr. Chapman's conduct in that trust, particu- 
larly his presenting liimself to the Precentorship of Lincoln, on 
the death of Dr. Trimnell (an option) was brought into Chancery 
by Dr. Richardson; when Lord Keeper Henlej, in 1760, made a 
decree in Mr. Chapman's favour ^ but, on an appeal to the House 
of Lords, the decree was reversed, and Dr. Richardson ordered to 
be presented. (See the case reported in Burn's Ecclesiastical Law^ 
art. Option.) On this occasion Bp. Warburtoh tells Mr. Hurd, 
** Dr. Richardson is come off victorious in the appeal. The pre- 
centorship of Lincoln is decreed for him — the Keeper's decree 
reversed, with costs of suit. Lord Mansfield spoke admirably. It 
has been three days in trying." — ^And his Friend replies, '* Your 
early intelligence of the success of Dr. Richardson was very oblig- 
ing. I am glad of it, b<^ause I know it will make him very 
happy ; and because a piece of ju>tice is done at last upon a 
man who had no regard to the decency of his own character." — 
He died ^t Mersham, in his 80th year, Oct. 14, 17B4. His 
publications were, " Eusebius, or the Christian's Defence 
against the Moral Philosopher, 1739," 2 vols. 8vo; "DeiEtate 
Ciceronis Libii de Legibus, Camb. 1741," 8vo; "Of the Mi- 
raculous Towers among the Primitive Christians, 1752," 8vo; 
" Observationes in Conunentarios vulgb Ulpianeos," prefixed to 
Mounteney's Demosthenes, 1747 (as noticed ..bove/.— His library 
was sold by Leigh, in 1785. He estimated it at 3500^ ; and 
used to say he had got a thousand pounds worth of knowledge 
out of it. He left his picture and his library to his brother, a 
draper (partner with Sheppard) near Somerset-house in the 
Strand, who was then a widower, with two daughters. 

* The excellent Translator of " Letters of Pliny the Consul, 
with occasional Remarks^ 1746," 2 vols. 8vo; of which a second 


A third edition of "The Alliance between Church 
and State,** 8vo. 

" A Letter from an Author to a Member of Par- 
liament, concerning Literary Property" [by Mr. 
Warburton], 8vo. 

"Critical Notes on some Passages of Scripture/' 
[by Mr. Nicholas Mann], 8vo. 

i^ Objections to a Pamphlet lately published in- 
tituled, ^ Critical Notes, &c. in a letter to the Au- 
thor." By Emanuel Langforcj *. 

" A Critical Enquiry into the Opinions and Prac- 
tice of the antient Philosophers, concerning the 
nature of the Soul and a Future State [by Mr. 
To\vne-f-] ; with a Preface by the Author of ^ The 
Divine Legation," two editions, 8vo. 

Mrs. Cockburne's J ^* Remarks upon the Prin- 

edition, corrected, appeared in 1747 ; and also of '' Letters of 
Marcus TuUius Cicero to several of his Friends, with Remarks, 
1753," 3 vols. 8vo ; and of Cicero's " Essays on Old Age and 
Friendship,** ^ vols. 8vo, 1773 and 1778. 

* Of Christ Church, Oxford; M.A. 1728. 

t Who will be further noticed under the year 1756. 

X This remarkable instance of an exti-aordinary genius for 
literature in the female sex was a daughter of Capt. David Trotter, 
a native of Scotland, and a sea commander in the reign of King 
Charles 11. She was born in London, Aug. 16, 167% and bap- 
tized in the Protestant church,^ according to which she was bred 
up in, her infancy a Protestant; but, being a sprightly, ingeni- 
ous, and beajitiful child, she^was particuLirly caressed by some 
considerable families among the Papists. Tliis favour natui-ally 
wTOUght a good opinion of such friends ; and entering into an 
intimacy with them as she grew up, she became an easy con- 
quest to their faith, in which she continued many years. In the 
mean time her genius ripened apace, and shot forth prooi^ of 
her talents for poetry, even before she had passed her childhood. 
In her seventeenth year she produced a tragedy called " Agnes 
de Castro," which was acted in 1695. Tliis performance, and 
some vei-ses addressed to INIr. Congreve upon his "Mourning 
Bride'* in 1697^ brought her into the acquain4:ance of that gen- 
tlenxan. Thus encouraged in her first attempt, her Muse 
broii^,ht \ipon the stage three plays jnore before the death: of 
Mr. Diyden in 1701, to whose memoiy she joined witli several 
other ladies in paying a tribute of verse. However, poetry and 
dramatic writing were not the most distinguished of Miss Tmt- 
ter's talents ; she had a remarkable philosophical txu'n, and capa- 
city equal to i-uch researches. Mr. Locke's " Essay on Human 
UxKlei'standing" can^e out diviiig this interval: t^aX famous Phi- 

gitizedbyG00<^ loSOphCP 

1747-] THE EIGHTEENTli CfeNTURY. 195 

ciples and Reasoning of Dr. Rutherforth's Essay 

losoph^r bad dressed out logick and metaphysicks in such a new 
mode as was very agreeable to the taste of the sex in general, 
and particularly engaged the attention and admiration of our 
young authoress, who had begun to project a defence of the 
Essay against some remai'ks of Dr. Burnet of the Chaiter-house, 
which was finished so early as the beginning of December 1701. 
She had but lately passed the 22d year of her age ; and the 
masterly way in which the piece was drawn must needs have 
^ven singular pleasm*e to her great Champion, who accoixiingly 
expressed his satisfax;tion by a present of books to his fair de- 
fendress. Philosophy sojourns in the neighbourhood of Reli- 
gion J these philosophic reveries would naturally lead a thought- 
fid mind toTthat subject ; and, taking into her consideration the 
tenets of her present &ith, she began to discover their indefen- 
sible grounds } she therefore resolved to renounce it, and pub- 
lished a vindication of her change, in 1707 j and, returning to the , 
Established Church of Scotland, she changed her condition like- 
wise the next year, 1708, and was mariied to Mr. Cockbume, a 
learned Divine of that Church. Tlie duties of a wife a^d mother 
called Mrs. Cockbume from her books and pen many years ; and 
domestic cares engaging her attention, we hear nothing of her 
as a writer till 1726, when her zeal for Mr. Locke's opinions 
drew her again into public light. She exercised her pen after- 
wards as occasion offered ; and in 1739 she entered into the con- 
troversy concerning the foundation of moral duty and obligation. 
" Dr. Rutherforth's Essay, which was published in May 1744, 
soon engaged her thoijghts ; and, notwithstanding an asthmatic 
disorder, which had seized her many years before, and now left 
her small intervals of ease, she applied herself to the confutation 
of that elaborate discourse ; and having finished it with a i^pirit, 
elegance, and perspicuity, equal, if not superior, to all her 
former writings, transmitted her manuscript lo VIr. Wai'burton, ^ 
who published it with a prefece of his own." Dr. Birrh. — ^^^s. 
Cockburne sur\4ved this publication two years only. She 
died in 1749 j and was interred at Long Horsley, near her 
husband, who died the year before her, with this short sen- 
tence upon the tomb, " Let their works praise them in the 
gates," Prov. xxx. 31. Her Works were collected and pub- 
lished in 1751, in two volumes, Svo, with an accoimt of her 
life prefixf d, to which I am obliged for the substance of this 
note. " This collection is an incontestible proof of the author's 
genius. But her abilities as a writer will not' be seen without 
attending to the peculiar trircumstances in which her writings 
were produced t her early youth, for instance, when she wrote 
some 'j her very advanced age, and ill state of health, when slie drew 
up others ; the uneasy situation of her fortune during the whole 
course of her life ; and an interval of neai' twenty years, in the 
vigour of it, spent in the cares of a family, without the least 
lelsiue for reading or contemplation ;" after which, with a mind 
no long diverted an^ encumbered, resuming her studies, she in- 

o 2 stantly j 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


on the Nature and Obligations of Virtue*, in Vindi- . 
cation of the contrary Principles and Reasonings 

stantly recovered its entire powers -, and, in the hours of relax- 
ation from domestic employments, pursued to the utmost limits 
some of the deepest researches the human understanding is capa- . 
ble of.** Dr. Birch, — Her character is that of a most uncomnaon 
lady, no less celebrated for her beauty in her younger years, than 
for her genius and accomplblunents. She was small of stature, 
but had a remarkable liveliness in her eyes, and a delicacy of 
complexion which continued to her death. 

* Thomas Rutherfbrth, of St. John*s college, Cambridge ; 
B.A. 17^93 M. A. 17335 B.D. 1740; D.D. 1745. He was son 
of the Rev. Thomas Rutherforth, rector of Papworth Everard 
in the county of Cambridge, who had made large collections 
for an History of that County. He was born October 13, 1712 ; 
appointed Regius Professor of Divinity, rector of Shenfield 
in Essex, and of Barley in Hertfordshire, and archdeacon of 
Essex. He communicated a curious correction of Plutarch's 
description of the instrument used to renew the Vestal fire (vit. 
Num.) <nHvoif%i ai iv KiiP^of, as relating to the triangle with which 
the instrument was formed, and not to the instrument, as mis- 
taken by Lipsius de Vestalibus (c. 8.) and Catrou ; so that the 
triangle which hollowed the instrument will be isosceles, whose 
two equal legs converged from a circumftrence to a centre, 
i. e. a quadrant with the cun'e side h, g, avo 
•orXrupaff of this mixt triangle ; for Plutarch g ' 
does not say it was a plain one. It was no- 
thing but a concave speculum, whose princi- 
pal focus which collected the rays is not in the 
centre of the concavity, but at the distance of 
half a diameter from its surface : but some of 
the antients thought otherwise, as appears from Prop. 31 of 
EiicUd's Catoptrics^ and though this piece has been thought 
spurious, and this error a proof thereof, the Sophist and Plu- 
tarch might each know as little of mathematicks. He pub- 
lished " Two Sermons preached at Qimbridge 1747,'* 8VO3 '* A 
System of Natural Pliilosophy, Cambridge, 1748,** 2 vols. 4to ; 
"A Letter to Dr. Middleton in Defence of Bishop Sherlock on 
Prophecy, 1750," 8vo (see p. 198) ; "A Discourse on Miracles, 
1751," 8voj " Institutes of Natural Law, 1764," 2 vols. 8vo j 
" A Charge to the Clergy of Essex," 1753, 4to, reprijited, 
with three others, in 1763, 8vo ; " Two Letters to Dr. Ken- 
nicott, 1761 and 1762 3" " A Vindication of the Right of 
Protestant Churches to require the Clergy to subscribe to an 
established Confession of Failh and Doctrines, in a Charge deli- 
vered at a Vi'^itation, July 1766. Cambr. 1766," 8vo ; a second 
the same year ; '* A Letter to Archdeacon Blackburn, 1767," Sro, 
on the same subject. He died Oct. 5, 1771, aged 59, having 
married a sister of the late Sir Thomas Anthony Abdy, hart, 
of Albins in Essex; by whom he had two sons, Thomas^ who 

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inforced in the Writings of the late Dr. Samuel 
Clarke ; with a Preface by Mr. Warburton ;** 8vo. 

■died an infant, and Tliomas-Abdy, now in orders, rector in his 
own right of Theydon Gernon, in the same county, who suc- 
ceeded to the estate and title of his maternal uncle, and mar- 
ried Jan. 13, 1778, a daughter of James Hayes, esq. of Helliport, 
and bencher of the Middle Temple, by whom he has issue. 
The following mural epitaph is erected in his church at Barley : 


to the memory of the Revd 

Tho5 Rutherforth, S.T.P. 

formerly fellow of, and one of the public 

tutors in S^ John's college, Cambridge -, and ' 

at the time of his death King's Professor of 

Divinity in that university 3 archdeacon of £ssex, 

rector of Shenfield in the same county, and also 

of this parish. He married Charlotte Elizabeth, 

one of the daughters of Sir William Abdy, baronet, 

of Cobham, in the county of Surrey, by whom he left 

one son, Thomas-Abdy Rutherforth. He was 

bom on the 13th of October, 1712, and died on the 5th 

of that ibooth, 1771> in the 59th year of his age. 

He was eminent no less for his piet)r and integrity 

than his extensive learning ; and filled every 

public station in which he was placed with 

general approbation. In private life, his behaviour 

was truly amiable. He was esteemed, beloved^ 

and honoured by his family and fHends ; 

and his death was sincerely lamented 

by all who had ever heard of his 

well-deserved character." ' 

Underneath, on a marble slab^ is the following inscription : 

*' Hie . Christum . Expect . 
Breves . Parentum . Delicise . 

Thomas . Rutherforth . 
Qui . Natus . Tert . Id . Mai . 


Dies . Lxxiv . Vixit . 

Thomas . Rutherforth . 

In . Acad . Cantab. S.T.P. Regius . 

Qui . Annum . agens . lx. 

Mortuus Est iii . Non . Oct. 


Of Dr. Rutherforth's '* Essay on the Nature and Obligations 
«f Virtue" the following character was given by a competent 
judge : " The 10th of last month I had the honour to read to 
the company, at a meeting of our Society, an abstract I with 
much pl^ure drew up, of a quarto book, intituled, ' An Essay 
on the Nature and Obligations of Virtue ;* when I carried in 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 


^^ Answer to Dr. Rutherforth's Determinatio 
Quaestionis Theologicae, by Joseph Edwards *, 
M. A. Vice-principal of Magdalen Hall, Oxford," 8vo. 

. Two editions of " A Supplement to Mr. War- 
burton's edition of Shakespeare -J-," 8vo. 

that useful^ ingenious, and learned piece, as a present from the 
authof, one of our worthy members, the Rev. Mr. Thomas 
Rutherford, B, D. fellow of St. John's college, Cambridge, and 
R. S. wherein the noble author of the Charj\^teristicks, and all 
Other authoi'S antient and modem, are, as to their notions and 
dogmata, duly, candidly, and in a gentleman-like manner, con* 
sidered, and fully, to my satisfaction, as best answered as be- 
comes a Christian diyine. If you have not yet read that amiable 
work, I must (notwithstanding as we have been told some, 
whom he answers in his xith and last chapters, do not so much 
approve it) not forbear recommending it to your pemsal j and 
this I can with the better grace, as my brother secretary, Dr. 
Gfe^n, an old acquaintance and contemporary of the Author's, 
and the Rev. Mr.. Neve, late our treasurer, since founder and 
secretary of the Gentlemen's Society at Peterborough, have, 
with some other of our members, given it the same recomitien- 
dations, upon their perusals." Mr. Maurice Johnson to Mr. Birch, 
The following remarks are from the pen of an acute Critic : 
" If Rutherforth's book against Middleton be in mere gratitude 
to the Bishop of London, I sincerely honour him for it. If there 
be any thing of gratitude, though it be with other impure mix- 
ture, I cannot but give him some share of my esteeip. But, if it 
be only a sordid view of interest, an itch for controversy, or the 
vanity of shining, which sets him upon scribbling, he is to be 
laughed alt ; and, if he attempts to hide those motives by the 
pretence of gratitude, he is then tmly contemptible. I will 
only venture to say this, if he knows no more of Theology than 
he does of Moi-als, he is the meanest pedant of the age. The 
affectation of being singular ha^ made him a bad Moralist. Will 
the affectation of being orthodox make him a good Divine ? Of 
the two, 1 think Stebbing the more tolei-able, who labours to 
support othei" people's nonsense rather than his own'. And I 
can pardon the joke in hit> preface, that he pretends to no new 
discoveriesy for the sake of hi.s being in serious sadness as good 
as his word." Bp. Har bur ton's Letters to Bp, Hurd, p. 49. 

* Joseph Edwards, of Miigdalen hall, M. A. IT'M'y published 
four siiii;lc Sermons ; 1. " Of public Prayer," 1731. — ^. From 
1 Cor. xi. K;, 1736.— 3. " Of Forgiveness of Enemies," 1743.— 
4. "Christ (iod-Man; before the University of Oxford, 1749." 

t By Thomas Edwards, esq. re-printed in 17^ under the 
title of *' Canons of Criticism. * — Mr. Edwards j)asses8ed a small 
paternal estate at Pitzhanger in ISliddlesex; where he resided 
till his purchase of Turrick in Bucks ; and was the last of his 
family, as apjiears by his fifth sonnet in Dodsley's Collection of 
Poems, voL II. p. 39,6, where he pathetically laments the loss of 

gitized by Google P^ 




Bp.Tanner's "Bibliotheca Britannico-Hibernica," 

four brothers and as many sistei's. His education was at a pri-r 
i-ate school ; nor was he ever a member of either of the Universi- 
ties. He studied the law at Lincoln's Inn, and was called to the 
bar (his father and grandfather were of that profession). He 
spent the latter part of his life at l\irrick j died on a visit to his 
friend Mr. Richardson at Parson's Green, unmarried ; and was 
buried in the church-yard of Ellesboroug^h in Buckinghamshire^ 
witl^ the following inscription ; 

" Under this stone are deposited the remains of 

Thomas Edwards, esq. of Turrick in this parish : 

where he spent the last seventeen years 

of a studious^ useful life. 

He was sincere and constant in the profession and 

practice of Christianity, without narrowness or superstition 3 

steadily attached to the cause of liberty, 

nor less an enemy to licentiousness and faction ; 

in his poetry simple, elegant, pathetic 3 \ 

in his criticism exact, acute, temperate j 

affectionate to his relations, cordial to his firiends, 

in the general conmierce of life obliging and entertaining. 

He bore a tedious and painftil distemper with a patience 

which could only arise from a habit of virtue and piety j 

and quitted this life with the decent unconcern 

of one whose hopes are firmly fixed on a better. 

He died on the third day of January, mdcclvii, aged lvixi j 

and this stone is inscribed to his memory, 

with the truest concern and gi-atitude, 

by his two nephews and heirs, Josepb Paice and Nathaniel Mason." 

Mr. Edwards was equally distinguished for his genius and the 
goodness of his heart. His *• Ginons of Criticism*' did him great 
credit, both as a critic and as a scholar ; and drew on him 
the vengeance of Di\ Warburton, who took occasion, in illus- 
trating the names of Blackmore and Milbourne, in a note on the 
" Essay on Criticism,'* ver. 463, to observe, " These men are of all 
tihies, and rise up on all. occasions. Sir Walter Raleigh had 
Alexander Ross; Chillingworth had Cheynel^ Milton a first 
Edwards ; and Locke a second ; neither of tliem related to the 
third Edwards of LincolnVinn. They were Divines of parts and 
learning : this a Critic without one or the otlier. Yet (as ' Mr. 
Pope says of Luke Milboum) the fairest of all Critics ; for, hav- 
ing wiitten against the Editor's Remarks on Shaksi)eare, he 
did him justice in printing, at the same time, some of his own.'* 
—"AH impartial critics,'* however, as Dr. WArton well obBenes, 
allow these Remarks to ha^e been ilecisive an^i jndicicu^j and 
his Caaons of Criticism remain unrcfuted and uuaniswerable." 

Digitized by 



Mr. Bowyer endeavoured to relieve himself from 
the fatigues of business, by an occasional retire- 

Agstin, in the Notes on the Dunciad^ book IV. ver. 565, where 
Mr. Pope has a fling at those ^ 

*' V^^ho study Shakspeare at the Inns of Court," 

the learned Commentator adds, " 111 would the Scholiast dis- 
charge his duty, who should neglect to honour those whom 
Dulness has distinguished^ or suffer them to lie forgotten, when 
their rare modesty would have left them nameless. Let us not, 
therefore, overlook the services which have been done her cause, 
by one Mr. Thomas Edwards, a gentleman, as he is pleased to call 
himself, of Lincoln's-inn ; but, in realitj', a gentleman only of 
the Dunciad ; or, to speak him better, in the plain language of 
our honest ancestors to such mushrooms, a gentleman of the 
last edition: who, nobly eluding the solicitude of his careful 
father, very early retained himself in the cause of Dulness against 
Shakspeare j and, with the wit and learning of his ancestor Tom 
Thimble in the Rehearsal, and with the air of good-nature and 
politeness of Caliban 'in the Tempest, hath now happily finished 
the Dunce's Progress, in personal abuse. For a libeller is no- 
thing but a Grub-street critic run to seed." — Here again 
Dr..VV!arton observes, '^ This attack on Mr. Edwards is not of 
weight suflicient to weaken the effects of his excellent Canons 
of Oiticism." — But Mr. Bannister subjoins, '' Dr. Johnson knew 
best how to appreciate the Canons of Criticism. After bestow- 
ing on it the applause it deserved, as an efiusion of wit, on some 
person's observing that the author had shewn himself to be a 
better critic than Warburton, 'ITiat,* replied the Doctor, 'is 
going rather too far: a fly may sting and tease a horsey but yet 
the horse is the nobler animal.'* See Bowles's edition of Pope, 
vol. I. p. 254; vol. V. p. 322. — Mr. Edwards was more susceptible 
of the alt tack than the circumstance required, deeming his rank 
in life im|>eached by the words " a gentleman, as he is |ileased 
to call himself, of Lincoln's-inn, but, in reality, a gentleman 
pnly of the Dunciad," &c. — The gentleman whose assist- 
ance Mr. Edwards acknowledges in the preface, was Mr. Ro- 
derick, fellow of Magdalen college in Cambridge, and of the 
Royal and Antiquarian Societies. He died July 20, 1756, not 
long before his friend, bequeathing to him such of his papers as 
related to the " Canons of Criticism." — ^Thirteen of his Sonnets 
are priiited in Dodsley's Collection, eight in Pearch's, and four 
in Nichols's ^f Select Collection," 1780. Forty-nine appear in 
the last e<?ition of his " Canons of Criticism, 1765." — He wa^ 
also author of a pretty jeu d'espiit, called *' The Trial of the 
Letter V, alias Y," which is printed with his "Canons of Criti-: 
dsni ;" and of a j^amphlet called " Free and candid Thoughts on 
the Doctrine of Predestination." ITiis little piece appeared very 
improperly after his death, having never been intended for pub- 

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ment to Knightsbridge, where he appears to liave 
promised himself the satisfaction of prevailing on 
Mr. Markland to accompany him *. 

The principal books printed by him this year 
were, " The History^ and Antiquities of Colchester, 
in. three Books, collected chiefly from MSS. with 
an Appendix of Records and original Papers," folio, 
by the Rev. Philip Morant -f- ; reprinted with im- 
provements in his " History of Essex, 1768." 

lication by Mr. Edwards. A beautiful Ode was addressed to him 
by Miss Mulso, afterwards Mrs. Chapone ; to which he replied in 
as elegant a Sonnet. Dr. Akenside also addressed an Ode to him. 

* *' I approve of your Knightsbridge scheme very much, not 
upon my own account (tliough perhaps your kindness to me 
looks upon that as an article in the purchase), but as a good 
bargain. If you were about to leave off business, I think there 
would be some differcnce in the case, for then I unagine you 
would get a little ferther from I^ndon. Tor my own part, I 
must get somewhere near the sea side, for the sake of bathing 
and riding, which is commonly good upon the coast ; for of all 
places in the world, London is the worst for an infirm person, 
who has nothing to do in the business of it, and very little in 
the pleasures." Mr. Markland to Mr. Bowyerj Oct. 23, 1748. 

t Philip Morant, M. A. and F. S. A. a learned and indefati- 
gable Antiquary and Biographer, son of Ste]}hen Morant, was 
bom at St. Saviour's, in the Isle of Jersey, Oct. ^, 1700j and, 
after finishing his education, at Abingdon school, Dec. 16, I717, 
was entered at Pembroke college, Oxford, where he took the 
degree of B. A. June 10, 1721, and continued till Midsummer 
1722 ; when he was preferred to the office of preacher of the 
English church at Amsterdam, but never went to take posses- 
sion. He took the degree of M.A. in 1724. In the Preface 
to Rapin's History of England by Tindal, 1728, " Mr. Philip 
Morant, minister of the English church at Amsterdam," is 
mentioned as an assistant in the work. He was pi-esented 
to the rectory of Shellow Bowells, April 20, 1733 5 to the vicar- 
age of Bromfield, Jan. 17> 1733-4; to the rectory of Chicknal 
Smdey, Sept. 19, 1735 ; to that of St. Mary in Colchester, 
Maich 9, 1737; to that of Wickham-Bishop's, Jan. 21, 1742-3 j 
and to that of Akiham, Sept. 14, 1745. All these benefices are 
in the county of Essex. In 1748 he published his '* Huitory of 
Colchester," of which only 200 copies were printed, at the joint 
expence of himself and Mr. Bovvyer, wbo consequently interested 
himself vciy much in the embellishment of the book, as well as 
in earnestly recommending it to subscribers. " I have applied 
to Mr. Brovnae Willis," Mr. Bowyer says, in a letter to Mr. 
Morant, May 3, 1748, *' for leave to dedicate a plate to him. 
|fe says, he has ^ust married his children 3 and, in acting the 

Digitized by VjOO^IC 


A Second Edition of " Fitzosbome's Letters," 8vo, 

part df a father, he has reduced himself so low that he knows not 
how to be a patron. What think you of Dr. Mead ? Mr. Vertue 
is better ;' and will expedite your plates, he says, with care. I 
did not see the sheet G before it was sent to you ; if I had, I 
should have proposed one or two alterations. I have presumed 
to add a woi-d or two to note H. Spanheim has so fully proved 
the law tli»t laid open the citizenship of Rome to belong tb 
Caracajla, that it would be unpardonable to let the mistake, 
though heretofore supported by great names, be perpetuated. 
Strange, that the Bishop of London [Gibson] should not take 
notice of so material a point of learning ! Spanheim 's book was 
printed first in Loqdon, and afterwards taken into Graevius's 
Thesaurus. — P. 25, a complete province, not governed by pro- 
consular deputies, but accounted praesidial, apd appropriate to 
the emperors, as being annexed to the empire, after the division 
f){ the provinces by Augustus, &^. This is expressed, as if South 
Britain was annexed to the empire by Augustus, which you do 
not mean. What then do you mean ? lliat pra^sidial provinces, 
in distinction to the proconsular, were annexed to the empire ? 
Rather the contrary is tnie. In the fii-st division under Angus- 
tm, ten praetorian and two consular province* were allotted to 
the [)eople's share, i. e. to the empire ; the rest the Emperor kept 
imder his own government. The governors of the people's pro- 
duces were called generally Provincials 4 thqse of the Emperor 
never so; but either legal i consulare^, or propratores, or legati 
^ prtEtorii, or legati imperatoris pro pratore, whether they had 
' gone through the office qf praetor or consul, or not. See 
JSahnasii Hist. Aug. Script, vol. I. p. 200. 374. \oL. II. p. 346, &c, 
But the Antiquaries will not regard this branch of learning, be- 
cause it looks too classical ; they are more critical about things 
that are more Gothic, or more Monastical." — ^The engravings 
were by Vertue and Mynde. The Ichnogi*aphy, inscribed to 
Mr. Yoi'ke, cost five guineas ; the plate gi> en by Mr. Folkea 
three guineas -, and one was given by the Society of Antiquaries. 
In 1751 Mr. Monmt was elected a member of that respectable 
Body j on which occasion, Mr. Bowycr tells him, " I don't 
know much of the steps which the Society of Antiquaries have 
lately t^en. If you are chosen, you woidd have been called 
on for the money, a guinea at entrance, and a shilling a month 
afterwaixis. But they have lately been much engaged in plan- 
ning schemes fbr a charter, wiiich may cost a good deal of 
money, and I doubt whether it will be of great . benefit. I 
Imagine some pei'sons want some new })laces to be made, and 
salaries annexed to them. In all societies, the advantages 
of the publick are most talked of when there are the greatest 
private views. As to Essex, I think, to speak sincei*ely, you 
had better begin again with it. If you undertake it, I doubt 
the success of it. Tindal began it in 4 to, and was forced to 
ixQ^ it. You do me much hpnoui* in ascribing ' Pompey the 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


A new edition of Mr. Edwards's " Supplement to 
Shakespeare ; under the new title of " Canons of 
Criticism," 8vo, 

little* to me. I am obliged to you ; and shall be glad never to 
be suspected of a worse thing." [This was written by the inge^ 
nious Mr. Coventry, minister of the donative of Edgware, Mid- 
dlesex, and author of Penshurst, &c. in Dodsley's Coliec- 
tion. He died, of the small-pox, about the year 1759.] — From 
1751 till his death Mr. Morant continued a regular correspon'- 
dence with Mr. Bowyer. " My intention for some months past 
was, to have been in London either this week or the next ; but 
an afilicthig loss that has happened in my family the beginning 
of this year hinders me fi'om coming at present. Within the 
• compass of three days I was so unliappy as to lose my only bro- 
ther and sister-in-law; the former on the 9th, iad the latter on 
the 11th of January. My good brother indeed died at a dibt- 
ance, and I could but seldom have the pleasure of seeing him ; 
but my sister-in-law lived with us, and had been a constant and 
inseparable companion to my good wife for above 50 years, and 
was withal a person of the most amiable qualities, and the most 
feithfiil friend, so that her loss is irreparable.' It affected 
my good wife, that my absence even for a day sinks her spirits 
to that degree, that I find I cannot leave her at present j but I 
hope time, and the cheerful weather that is coming, will recruit 
her spirits. In the mean time, I should be obliged to you, if 
you would be so kind as to dispose of the copy of my History of 
Colchester, and the plates ; you have yourself the best right to 
it, if you will be pleased to allow me something for it that is 
reasonable 5 and I include therewith such corrections and addi- 
tions as I have made to the woik since publication. If it should 
no way puit you. Dr. R. Rawlinson is a great collector, and will 
very probably like it beyond any body else. Or, if you know 
any other person whom it woul4 suit, be pleased to do for me 
as you would do for yourself. I shall come to town as soon as 
the inconveniences above mentioned are a little worn out hy 
time ; and possibly we may come together, my good wife and 1 ; 
for motion, and change of place, are some cure to melancholy ; 
though it is full as bad when you return to your wonted habita- 
tion, and miss your friend." Mr. Morant to Mr. Bowyer, May 1, 
1752. — " I proposed to Dr. Rawlinson your offer on Thursday 
last, and shall see him again next Thursday.' He desires to 
know what you ask for the plates, and the copy of vour book» 
i. 6. as I apprehend, a fair copy corrected by your own hand, with 
a liberty of reprinting it if he will ; but of this there is no pro- 
bability, since we have several still remaining. We will say 

then, a copy corrected, and the several plates, you sell for 

I am sorry for the melancholy situation of your family ; but ob- 
jects, I hope, wUl be lessened to the memory by the distance of 
time, as they are to the eye by the distance of space." Mr. Bowyer 
fo Mr. Morant, May 9j 1753.-r-'^ I had the favoui* of your letter. 

Digitized by 



A Fourth Edition of Pope's '^ Essay on Man/* 

and am obliged to you for what you have done to serve me. 
The plates cost above thirty guineas^ besides the copy; and 
therefoi'e I should have been obliged to you^ if you had been so 
kind as to make the best bargain with Dr. Rawlinson^ or any 
body else, as if it had been for yourself. However, as you seem 
to expect that I should set a price, I think fifteen pounds is very 
moderate, for a copy corrected, and the several plates." Mr. Mo^ 
rant to Mr. Bowyer, May 12, 1752. — The treaty with Dr .Rawlinson 
broke ofiT, and the book was afterwaixls judiciously incorporated 
with the " History' of Essex." — In February 176S Mr. Morant was 
appointed by the Lords sub-committees of the House of Peers to 
succeed Mr. Blyke (of whom see under the year 1774) in pre- 
paring for the press a copy of the Rolls of Parliament ; a ser- 
vice, to which, from my own knowledge, I can say he diligently 
attended till his death, which happened Nov. 25, 1770, in con- 
sequence of a cold caught in returning by water from the Temple 
to Vauxhall, in his way to South Lambeth, where he resided, 
for the convenience of attending to his parliamentary labours ; 
a work for which, as a native of Jersey, and excellently skilled 
in the old Norman French, he was particularly well qualified ; 
and which, after his death, devolved on Thomas Astle, esq. F. R. 
and A. SS. who had married his only daughter^ and by whose 
fevour I am able to lay before the reader an exact accoimt of 
Mr. Morant's writings, from a list of them drawn up by him- 
self. 1. "An Introduction to the Reading of the New Testa- 
ment, being a Translation of that of Mess, de Beausobre and 
Lenfknt, prefixed to their edition of the New Testament. Printed 
for S. Chandler and J. Batley,'* 1725, 1726, 4to.—^. "The Trans- 
lation of the Notes of Mess, de Beausobre and Lenfant on St. 
Matthew's Gospel. Lond. 1727," 4to. N.Tindal translated the 
text printed therewith. — ^3. " The Cruelties and Persecutions of 
the Romish Church displayed, &c. Lond. printed for J. Knapton, 
1728," Svo. [translated into Welsh by Thomas Richanls, curate 
of Coychurch in Glamorganshire, 1746, with the approbation 
of Dr. Gilbert, then Bishop of Landaif.]— 4. '' I epitomised those 
Speeches, Declarations, &c. which Rapin had conti'acted out of 
Rushworth in the Life of King James I. King Charles I. &cj* 
1729, 1730. — 5. " Remarks on the 19th chapter of the second 
book of Mr. Selden's Mare Clausiun. Printed at the end of 
Mr. Falle's Account of Jersey," 1734. — 6. " I compared Rapin*s 
History with the 20 volumes of Rymer's Foedera, and Acta Pub- 
lica, and all the antient and modem Historians, and added 
most of the Notes that were in the folio edition," 1728. 1734. 
This is acknowledged at the end of the preface in the first 
volume of Rapines History. — 7- " Translation of the Notes in 
the second Part of the ^Othman History, by Prince Cantemir," 
folio, 1735. — 8. Revised and corrected " The History of England, 
by way of Question and Answer, for Thomas Astley," 1737, 
12mo. — ^9. Revised and corrected " Heame's Ductor Historicus," 
and made large Additions thereto^ for J» Knapton. — 10. " Ac- 
Digitized by Googl^™^ 


^^ A Critical Commentary upon the Book of the 
Wisdom of Jesus, the son of Sirach, being a con- 
tinuation of Bp. Patrick and Mr. Lowth, by Richard 
Amald, B. D/' folio *. 

*' A Voyage round the World in the Years 1740, 

15 ^9 3s 4, by George Anson, Esq. compiled from 
his Papers and Materials, by Richard Walter -f-, M. A. 

count of the Spanish Invasion in 1588, by way of IHiistration to 
the Tapestry Hangings in the House of Lords and in the King s 
Wardrobe ; engraved and published by J. Pine," 1739, folio.-— 
11. " Geographia Antiqua et Novaj taken partly JFrom Dufres- 
noy*s Methode pour dtudier la Geographie ^ with Cellarius's 
Maps. Printed for J. and P. Knapton,*' 1742, 4to.— 12. '' A 
Summary of the History of England," foUo ; and " Lists at the 
End of Mr. TindaFs Continuation of Rapines History, in vol. HI, 
being 55 sheets^ reprinted in three volumes," 8vo. — 13. '* The 
History and Antiquities of Colchester," folio, London, 1748 ; 
second edition 1768. — " All the Lives in the Biographia Britan-> 
nica marked C." 7 vols, folio, 1739 — 1760. I also composed 
Stillingfleet, which hath no mark at the end. — 15. "The Histonr 
of Essex," 2 vols, folio, 1760—1768. In the Preface, dated 
Jan. 2, 1768, Mr. Morant says, " All that remains for me to do 
is, to express my heartiest acknowledgments and gratitude to 
the great Author of my life and happiness, who hath enabled mc 
to go through this and other laborious employments. I can look 
back with inexpressible satisfaction upon a life not spent in idle- 
ness or indolence, or in fiiiitless amusements ; but in a constant 
endeavour to do all the good in my power. I must b<^g leave to 
add, that if the world is benefited by my labours, the praise is due 
to my only Patron good Bishop Gibson." — 16. " I prepared the 
Rolls of Parliament for the Press." [He prepared them as far as 

16 Hen. IV.] — Other works in MS. 1. " An Answer to the first • 
Part of the Discourse of the Grounds and Reasons of the Chris- 
tian Religion, in a Letter to a Friend, 1724 ; presented in MS to 
Edmund Gibson, Bishop of London ;" never printed. N. B. This 
was the beginning of Mr. Morant's acquaintance with the 
Bbhop, who gave him several livings in the county of Essex. — 

2. " The Life of King Edward the Confessor." — 3. About 150 

* In this volume is " A Discourse concerning the Two Sira- 
chides, one the Author, the other the Greek Translator, of the 
Book of Ecclesiasticus." 

t This volimie, though commonly ascribed to Mr. Walter, 
whose name appeared in the title-page, and who had taken-in 
subscriptions, was the production of Benjamin Robins, esq. The 
publick had, for some time, been in ex[)ectation of seeing an 
account of the Voyage, cbmpo^ed under his Lordship's own in- 
spection : for which purpose Mr. Walter was employed, as hav- 
ing been chaplain to the Centuiion during the greatest part of 

igitized byC^OlfifilC 

♦off LtTERA^V ANECDOTES OF [1748* 

Chaplain of his Majesty's Ship the Centurion in 
that Expedition/' 4to. 

the expedition. Walter had accordingly almost finished hb task, 
having brought it dof\'n to hid own departure from xMacao for 
England J when he proposed to print his work by subscription. 
It was thought proper, however, that an able judge should first 
review and correct it, and Robins was ap|X)inted3 when, upon 
examination, it was i-esolved that the whole should be written 
entird} by Robins; ami tbat what Walter had done, bemgahnost 
all taken verbatim from the journals, should serve as material 
only Hence the mtroduction entiie, and many disseitations iri 
the body of the book, were comiwscd by Robins, without receiv- 
ing the least hint from Walter's manuscript; and what he had 
thence transcribed regarded chiefly the wind and the weather, 
the currents, courses, bearings, distances, offings, soundings, 
moorings, the qualities of the ground they anchored on, and such 
particulars as generally fiU up a sailor's account. No production 
of this kind ever met with a mow favourable reception, four large 
impi'essions being sold off within a twelvemonth : it has been trans- 
lated into most of the European languages ; and it still supports 
its reputation, having been repeatedly reprinted in vaiious sizes. 
The French affect to call this chefd'etuvre in its way a Romance j 
and we must certainly gi> e the writer credit for some of the things, 
to the honour of his Hero, which he would have us beheve ; as he 
would almost persuade us that the abiUties of the Commander were 
such that we might fancy he planned the taking the Acapulco 
ship 'before he left England. However, the account, from its 
erand divisions, &c. is a master-piece of composition, ahd certainly 
has not been equalled (except by Dr. Robei t^^on's Histories) in these 
enchanting particulars. A list of the oiiginal writers on the sub- 
ject of this Voyage raav be seen in Gent. Mag. 1780, vol. L. p. 322. 
Tiie fifth edition of the " Voyiige," in 1749, was rerised by Mr. 
. Robins himself, who designed, if he had remained in England, to 
have written a second part of it; as appears by a letter from Lord 
Anson to him, dated " Bath, October 22, 17-19. Dc^Sir, Wlien 
1 last saw vou in town, I forgot to ask you, whether you in- 
tended to pubhbh the second volume of my ' Voyage' l^ore 
vou leave us; which, 1 confess, I am very sorry for. If you 
should have laid aside aU thoughts of favouring the worU 
with more of your works, it will be much disappomted, 
and no one in it more than your very much obliged hum- 
ble servant, Anson." -Having been appointed Engineer Ge- 
neral to the East India Company, Mr. Robms left England at 
Christmas 1749; and, after a voyage in which thQ slup was 
near being cast away, arrived at the Indies, July 13, 1.50. 
There he immediately set about his proper busmcss ^ith un- 
wearied diligence, and formed complete plans for I'ort St.I^vid 
and Madi-aS. But he ;ived not to put them into execution : 
for, the great diflerence of the climate bemg beyond his consti- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



** Poems on several Occasions, by Edward Coo- 
den *, D. D." 8vo [published for the benefit of nis 
Curate's Widow]. 

tution to support^ he was attacked by a fever in Sc|)teinbei^ ; 
and, though he recovered out of this, yet, about eight months 
after, he fell into a languialiing condition, in which he continued 
till his death, which happened July ^9, 1751, at the early age 
of 44. By his last ^iil, he left the publishing of his mathelDati* 
cal works to his hondured and intimate friend Martin Folkes, escj, 
president of the Royal Society, and to James Wilson, M. D. doc- 
tor of physic 5 but, the former of these gentlemen being incapa- 
dtated by a paralytic disorder for some time befoi-e his death, they 
were afterv^ards published by the latter, in 2 vols. 8vo, 1T6'1. — 
Mr. Walter, in March 1745, was apix)intetl chaplain of Ports- 
mouth dock-yanl ; which office (worth about 300/. a year) he 
held till his death, March 10, 1785. 

* Dr. Cobden was early in life chaplain to Bp. Gibson, to whose 
patronage he was indebted for the following preferments ; viz. the 
united rectories of St. Austin and St. Faith in London 1730, with 
that of Acton in Middlesex ; a prebend in St. Paul's -, of Eq>inghain> 
in the cathecb'al of Lincoln, 1721, and of Buckden 1726 (resigned 
1727) ; and the archdeaconry of London, in which last he suc- 
ceeded Dr. Robert Tyi-whit in July 1742. His earliest publi- 
cation was, " A J-.etter from a Minister to his Parishioner^ upon 
his building a Meeting-house," 8vo. *' A short Chaiacter of 
Mrs. Jessop, widow of the late Rev. Mr. Jesbop, of Temsford, ia 
Bedfordshire, and Mother of Mi-s. Cobden," is printed in his 
Works. He published nine single Sermons: 1. ''The seversJ 
Methods of God's judging the World ; an Assize Sermon, 1725. " 
— ^2. '* The Duty and Reward of turning others to Righteousness; 
preached before the Sio'ciety for Refoiination of Maimers, 1736." 
— ^3. "The lubii-uction afforded by the Clmrch of England j 
preached at Mr. Hutchins's Lecture, 1739."— 4. "The Biebsednoss 
of the Merciful, 1743.*' — 5. *'The Duty of a People going out to 
War J a Fast .-Sermon, before the 1-ordMayoi*, 1745." — 6. "The 
Parable of the Talents j preached before the Governors of the Mid- 
dlesex. Hospital, 1748." — 7- " Persuasive to Chastity," fi'om Gen. 
X3LxLx. 9; preached before the King at St. James's, Dec. 11, 1748, 
and published in 1749. — In an advertisement to this Discourse the 
Doctor observes,.'' that, it having given occasion to some unjust 
censures, he thought proper to pubhbh it, hoping that nothing iu 
the sentiment or expression w^ill be found unworthy of the sacred 
function of a Preacher of the Gospel, or of the serious attentioa 
of a Christian Assembly." — 8. " A Dissuasive against Popery," 
1753. — 9. The Religious Education of Children 5" preached at 
the Anniversary of the Charity-schools, 1754. — XXV HI of his 
" Discourses on v^ous Subjects and Occasions" were published 
in one quarto volume, 1757. " A Charge to the Clergy of London, 
April 22, 174(5, with a short Character of Dr. Roper," was printed 
by Mr. Bowy^ in 1747. In 1751 he was President of Sion Col- 

Digitized by VjOXSvIC 


^^Lusus Poetici, Editio tertia^ emendatior,** hy 
Mr. Jortin, 4to. 

^^Bath, a Poem;' 4to. 

The following extract from a letter which Mr* 
Bowyer sent this year to a very near Relation 
demonstrates that gratitude to his Father's Bene- 
factors was always a leading feature of his mind: 

" You have heard all the circumstances of the 
late dreadful fire* which I can tell you; and I shall 
be glad if you have prevented me in all the reflec- 
tions upon it which I can suggest to you. Your 
grandfather, you know, suffered a like calamity. 
We, therefore, from experience, ought more parti- 
cularly to have a fellow-feeling with the sufferers in 

'^ Non ignara mali, miseris succurrere disco. 

lege. In 1755 he published "An Essay tending to promote Re- 
ligion/* Svo ; in the title-page to which he styles himself 
" lately Chaplain above twenty-two years to his Majesty 5" and 
in 1756 " A Poem sacred to the Memory of Queen Anne, for 
her Bounty to the Clergy," 4to. The following letter firom 
Dr. Cobden to his parishioners of St. Faith*s, on the subject of a 
matter in dispute between them and the Dean and Chapter of 
St. Paul's, b extracted from Malcolm's " Londinium Redivivum>" 
vol. II. p. 103 : 

" To the Gentlemen of the Committee of St. Faith's Parish. 


"I THINK myself much obliged to you for having such 
regard to my interest, as to refer the affairs contained in your mi- 
nutes to my opinion; but, indeed, my various infirmities have so 
unqualified me for judging properly of them, that I am at a loss 
to resolve even about common matters ^ and must therefore leave 
it to you, to consider and act as you shall judge reasonable, sup- 
posing me out of the question. If I am deprived of privil^es of 
no greater conseqiience than these, I hope in God it will not 
much trouble me for the short stay I am like to make in this 
world ', I only desire to be excused from being instrumental in 
giving away my own rights, and the rights of those who shall 
succeed me. Tliat the blessings of this world and the next may 
attend you, and all my paiishioners, is the sincere daily prayers 
of, my good neighbours, your affectionate pastor and humble 
servant, Edward Cobdbn. 

*' Acton, Jan. 13, 1757." 

His whole Works were collected by himself^ in 1757* in two 
volmnes, 4to. He died April 22, 1764, aged more than 80. 
Mrs. Cobden died Jan. 8, 1762. 

* Which happened in Comhill^ March 25, 174S. 

Digitized by G00^Y<>11 

1/48.] THE EIGttrtfiNTH CENTURY, »09 

You are not capable of contributing to their relief; 
but, when you reflect upon the kind support he then 
met with (the effects of which you now enjoy), 
what humility. should it excite in you, what zeal 
and resolution, to repay by a useful life the obliga- 
tions you lie under, and to become a helpful mem- 
ber to society, to which you are so much indebted I 
Many are entitled to the favours of the world from 
the merit of their ancestors. Vn the contrary, the 
world has a right to^ demand good actions from 
iis, for the very subsistence we owe to it, who arc 
but the children of Providence and human bene- 
ficence.~-J/ay 28, 1748." 

The following is a specimen of his more familiar 
letters ; and was addressed to Mr. Matthews, a re- 
spectable attorney, who was the agent of an estate 
cSP his in Yorkshire : 

^sm, June 28, 1748. 

" Inclosed I send you the accounts signed 
by me. I hope we shall now go on regularly with- 
out any more repairs for many years. I am sensible 
they must have given you a good deal of trouble, 
as well as exj^ence to me. How much the former 
is, I cannot judge; but beg you would take put 
of the next rent such a consiae]:ation for yourself 
as you shall think reasonable. — I have ventured on 
matrimony again r but without any view to children; 
more with a desire to have a nurse than to make 
Que. We have been married near a twelvemonth^ 
and have a fair title to the Dunmow bacon. Yoa 
will naturally want to know if I have married a 
fortune. Believe me, I am too much a philosopher 
for that : I have married a good woman, who had 
lived with me fourteen years^ a reasonable time of 
probation, in whom I doubt not but I shall meet 
with every comfort. ' 

'^ I am, niTj with hearty wishes of happiness to 

you and yours, ^ 

^^ Your obliged friend^ and humble servant, 

W. BowYWi.- 

Vol, II. P Digitiif)^oogIe 



In this year Mr. Bowyer printed the first edition 
of '^ Odes of Pindar, with several other Pieces iri 
Prose and Verse, translated from the Greek. To 
which is prefixed a Dissertation on the Olympic 
Games. By^ Gilbert West, esq. LL. D. *'' 4to. 

* Gilbert West, esq. son of the r^erend Dr. West, and of a 
•ister of Sii* Richard Temple, afteiwards lord Cobham, was 
educated at Eton and at Oxford, with a view to the Church ; but 
obtaining from his uncle a commission, either in a regiment of 
dragoons or dragoon guards, entered into the army ; where he 
continued till his appointment into the office of Lord Townshend^ 
secretary of state, with whom he attended the King to HanoveE. 
He was nominated clerk -extraonEnary of the privy council in 
iJlay 1729 ; soon after which he married, and settled at Wick- 
Kam in Kent, where he devoted himself to learning, and to 
piety. For his " Observations on the Resurrection,** which ap- 
peared in 1747, he received from Oxford, by diploma, the de- 
gree of LL. D. March 30, 1748. He was very often visited by 
Lytteltott and Pitt ; who, when they were weary of faction and 
debates, used at Wickliam to find books and quiet, a decent 
table, and literary conversation. Mr. Upton's '" Letter concern- 
4ng a new edition of Spenser's Fairie Queen, 1751," 4to, was in- 
ficribed to Mr. West. There is at Wickham a walk made by 
JHtt; and, what is of far more importance, at Wickham Lyttel- 
ton received that conviction which produced his " Dissertation on 
^t. Paul.** — " Lord Chatham, to the sublimer qualities of a great 
minister of state, joined in an extraordinary degree the rare and 
pleasing talent of dres.siQg or ornamenting a country, which, 
though slightingly spoken of by Dr. Johnson in his account of 
Shenstone, will probably be inore esteemed for ages to come, 
than the Pindarics, &c. of many of the writers he holds out to 
public notice. Unluckily tor many of this order, Mr. Granger 
has justly observed, that their iiead prefixed sells now for as 
mucli as the whole work, or lather that the latter would not 
sell at all but for the former. It w-^s at one of the lodges on 
Enfield Chace that Mr. Pitt early in life displayed his great taste 
this way. ITie spot was only fifty acres, given by Goveml^ent. 
It still subsists, and is admired, though Mr. Pitt sold it, and 
afterwards exeixused his genius at Hayes. The slightest parti- 
culars of so great a personage deserve to be recoiled. When 
he saw the astonishing spot at Ham in Derbyshire, belonging to 
Jlr. Pbrt, he said„ The ground rolls and tumbles finely here." 
Dr.T£ty!'Or*s Friend, — Mr. West's income was not laige; and 
his friends endeavoured, but without success, to obtain an aug- 
mentation. It w reported, that the education of the young 
' Prince, our present exceHeat Soverei^. was ofiered to him, 


•/ ' ''^ Digitized toy GcrOgle 


"Liberty, a Poem," by J.Brown*, M.A. folio. 

imt that he required a more extensive power of superin* 
tendance than it wa» thought proper to allow him. la 
timc^ however, his revenue was improved ^ he lived to have . ^ 

one of the lucrative derkships of the Privy Council in 1752 ; 
and Mr. Pitt at last had it in his power to make him trea- 
surer of Chelsea Hospital. He was now sufficiently rich ; 
but wealth came too late to he long enjoyed ^ nor could it se- 
cure him from the calamities of life : he lost his only son in 
1755) and on the ^6th of March> 1756^ a stroke of the palsy 
(to use the words of the incomparable Writer from whom I have 
borrowed the greater part of this note) " brought to the grave 
one of the few Poets to whom the grave might be without its 
tenors." > 

* This elegant^ ingenious^ and unhappy author (who at the 
time of printing this poem, and long after, lived in habits of 
intimate friendship with Mr. Bowyer, fi'om whose press such 
part of his writings as made their first appearance in London * 
wore produced), was born at Rothbury, in ^ county of North- 
umberland, November 5, 1715. The &mily from which he was 
descended were the Browns of Colstown, near Haddington in " 
Scotland. His &ther, John Brown, was a native of Scotland ; 
and, at the time of his son's biith, was cui-ate to Dr. Thomlinson, 
rector of Rothbury. He afterwards was collated to the vicarage 
of Wigton in Cumberland. To this place he carried his son, 
who there received the first part of his education. Thence he 
Has removed to the University of Cambridge, 173^» and en- 
tered of St. John's college, under the tuition of Dr. Tunstall* 
After taking the degree of bachelor of arts, in 1735, with great 
reputation, he returned to Wigton, and was ordained by Dr. 
Fleming, bishop of Carlisle. His fii*st preferment was to a minor 
canonry and lectiweship of tliat cathedral. In 1739 he took the 
degree of M. A. ; and some time after was presented to the living 
of Morland, in the county of Westmoreland. HeVesigned hLs 
preferment in the cathedral of Carlisle in disgust ; and remained 
in obscurity at that city several years, till the Rebellion of 1745, 
when he acted as a volunteer at the siege of the castle, and behaved 
with great intrepidity. Having applied himself to poetry, and 
composed "An Essay on Satire" (which he published), occasioned 
by the death of Mr. Pope $ that production made him known to 
Mr.Warburton^ who introduc^ him to many of his friends > 
and, among the rest, to Mr.ChaiiesYorke^ by whose means he 
obtained of the Lord Viscount Roy&ton the rectory of Horksley, 
near Colchester, worth SQOl. a year. This living he soon after 
kft, on a quarrel with his patron's family 3 and accepted the 
vicarage of Newcastle from the Bishop of Carlisle (Dt. Osb^* 
deston), whose chaplain he was. On several other occasions he 
ako experienced the friendship of Dr. Warburton ; who, in a 
letter to Mr. Hurd, Jan* .10, 1749-60, says, *' Mr. Brown has fine 
parts : he has a genius Ibr poetry, and has acquired a force of 
verriScatioa very uncoiitaion. Poor Mr. Pope liad a httle before 

'^ Digitized bySoOgle 


The Eighteenth Edition of his old friend Mr. 
Nelson's work on the ^* Feasts and Fasts of the 
Church of England/* 

his death planned out an epic poein> which he began to be veiy 
intent upon. The subject was Brute. I nve thii plan to Mr. 
Brown. He has wrote the first book, and in a surprising way^ 
though an unfinished essay. I told him this 'was to be the work 
of years, and mature age, if ever it was done; that, in the mean 
time, he should think of something in prose that might be useful 
to his character in his own profession. I recommended to him 
a thing I once thought of myself— it had been reconmiended to' 
me by Mr. Pope — an examination of all Lord Shaftesbury says 
M;ain8t Religion. Mr. Pope told me, that, to his knowledge, 
the daracteristics had done more harm to Revealed Religion in 
England than all the works of Infidelity put together. Mr. Brown 
now is busy upon this work." A few days after, Feb. 10, he adds, 
• • . • ''All you say of Mr. Brown*s poetical scheme is exactly true: 
and, to speak in the classical language, it must be committed to 
the Gods. Time will shew whether they wiU mature it** — ^Again^ 
Dec. 23, 1750, *' It is generous and right in you, to take notice 
in an advantageous manner of two such promising young men 
as Mr. Brown and Mr. Mason, who prevent us from despairing 
of the quick revival of the poetic ^nius. Mr. Brown is print- 
ing his Remarks on the Characteristics. It will be much better 
than you could conceive from the specimen you saw of it. Mr. 
Yorke and I advised him to give it a different form. We said, 
that if we were to answer a grave, formal, methodical work, we 
should choose to do it in the loose way of dialogue and raillery : 
as, on the other hand, if we wrote against a rambling discourse 
of wit and humour, the best way of exposing it would be by logi- 
cal argumentation. The truth is ("inter nos) his talents do not 
seem so much to lie towards fine and easy railleiy, as to a vivacity, 
an elegance, and a correctness of obs^-ation in the reasoning 
way." — June 30, 1753, Dr. Warburton says, " Our friend, little 
Brovm, seems to have been n&uch pleased with the observation 
I communicated to him on poor Law's folly. ' Mr. Hurd*s re- 
mark was like the man it came from ; like a man who sees by 
an early penetration that whic|i the generality never find out till 
they have drudged on to the end of life. I assure you, you can- 
not love and esteem him more than I do. I think him amongst 
the first rank of men on every account.* Brown never said or 
writ any thing that gave me a better opinion of his sense^**— • 
Oct 14, 1754, Our honest little friend Brawn is fertUe in pro- 
jects. He has a scheme to erect a chaplain and chapel in the 
castle of Carlisle, and to be himself the man. Iwternos, Ibelieve 
bie might as well think of erecting a third archbishoprick. He 
wrote to me for Sir John Ligonier's interest with the Didce $ whose 
application there would be enough to blast the prcgect, eould he 
ever bring it to blossom. I was sorry ^ ' a necessity to te.ll 
him this, because it was a thing not to be spoke of. And now I 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


A very large impression of Lord Bolingbroke*s 
*' Three Letters ; on the Spirit of Patriotism; on 
the Idea of a Patriot King^ and on the State of 

have done so, I question whether he will credit it/*— Nov. IS, 
1754, '' Pray make my beat compliments to our good friend 
Master Doctor Brown (to address him in the old style, while I 
am uncertain of his new), and greet him on his fresh honours : 
I thank him for his letter; which, as we shall see him so soon, I 
forbear to trouble him with the further acknowledgment of. He 
knows he is always welcome to Prior-park."-— The Doctor's de* 
gree was obtained in 1755 ; and on ttds occasion Mr. Huni thus 
aiddressed Mr. Bowyer : " Brown, the antagonist of Lord Shal^ 
tesbury, is now in College, and has taken his Dector's de* 
gree. He preached a Sermon here, which many people com** 
mended; it was to prove that l^ranny was productive of 
Superstition, and Superstition of Tyranny; that Debauchery 
was the cause of Free-thinking, and Free-thinking of Debau-> 
cheiy. His conclusion was, ^t the only way of keeping 
us from being a French province, was to preserve our constU 
tutional liberties, and the purity of our manners.'* About this 
period he wrote the Tragedy of "Barbarossa;** on which Dr. 
Warburton observes, Jan. 31, 1755-6, " Brown has told me the 
grand secret; and I whh it had been a secret still to me, when it 
was none to every body else. I am grieved that either these fm-* 
rewarding times, or his love of poetry, or his love of money, should 
have made him oveilook the duty of a Cleigyman in these tiipes, 
and the dignity of a Cki^gyman in all times, to make connexions 
with Players. Mr. Allen is grieved. You are sufficiently grieved^ 
as I saw by your postscript in a letter to him, where you reprove 
him for an advertisement. We told him, that we should both 
have dissuaded him fr'om his project had he communicated it to 
us. As it was, we had only to kment the state of these timesj 
that forosd a learned and ingenious Clergyman into these mea- 
sures, to put himself at ease." — In 1757, he published his cele- 
brated *' Estimate of the Manners and Principles of the Times,*' 
a work which was run down by popular chunour, but not an- 
swered. In this work, after having endeavoured to depreciate 
the literary spirit of the age. Dr. Brown thus characterizes his 
friend Dr. Warburton, '' True it is, amidst this general defect of 
taste and learning, there is a Writer, whose force of genius, and 
extent of knowle(%e, might almost redeem the character of the 
times. But that superiority, T^ch attracts the reverence of 
the few, excites the envy and hatred of the many: and while 
his works are translated and admired abroad, and patronised at 
home, by those who are most ^tinguished in genius, taste, and 
learning, himself is abused, and his fiaends insulted for his sake^ 
by those who never r^ his writings, c^, if they did, could nei- 
ther taste nor comprehend them : while every little aspiring 
or despairing scribbler eyes him as Cassius did Ceesar, and whis- 
pexB to his fellow^ 



Parties oh the Accession of King George the First ;" 

" Why, man, he d(fth bestride the narrow world 
Iiike a Colossus; and we petty men 
Walk under his hu^ legs ; and peep about 
To find ourselves ^honourable gfaves !" 

No wonder then if the malice of the Lilliputian tribe be bent 
against this dreaded Gulliver 3 if they attack him with poisoned 
arrows, whom they cannot subdue by strength." — Sept. 19, 1757, 
Di-. Warburton says, *' Brown is here j 1 tlunk rather perter thaii 
ordinary, but no wiser. You cannot imagine the tenderness they 
all have of his tender places : and with how unfeeling a hand I 
probe them. — It seems he said something to them of another 
Estimate, My wife told him, he must take care of carrying the 
joke too feir. To me he has mentioned nothing of it, nor hav« 
I given him an opportunity." — Obtaining the vicarage of St Ni- 
cholas, Newcastle, he resigned hb living in Essex to Lord Hard- 
wicke^ between whom, as well as Dr. Warburton and him> there 
bad some time before been a coolness. — June 17, 1760, " Th& 
Vicar of Newcastle has, at length, ceded hie place to xind Estimator: 
who, I suppose, will now gratify his resentment against his former 
patrons, for their turning their back upon him. " — Oct. 9. " Brown 
is just got here. His visits are always surprises. He is going shortly 
\ to London, for institution to Newcastle. Your candour was mis- 

placed. By his own confession, his purpose in the proposal to 
B. D. [the Bishop of Durham] was to keep Horksley. Nor does 
he seem sensible of any inconsistency between his pretensions 
and his conduct : so happily is he framed to satisfy himself.*' — 
March 18, I76I. '' I am sorry for Dr. Brown. — It is veiy painr 
fill, as I have heard Mr. Allen say with his usual tenderness and 
bimianity, to hear these things of one whom one has known and 
esteemed. But whatever inclination his spite to the family, 
rather than the value of the thing itself, might ^ive him to hold 
the living, he must needs think himself obliged by the good ad- 
' vice of his friends. When he comes to cool a little, he cannot 
but perceive that both his ease and his honour required him to 
resign Horksley, after what had passed between him and h is patron. 
But why is this deduction at Newcastie ? It is impossible he should 
have disgusted the Corporation already." — Dr. Brown received 
no higher prcferm«(it, which to a person of his spirit must have 
iseen a great mortification. In thd latter part of life, he havi 
an invitation from the £mpress of Russia to superintend a grand 
design which she had formed, of extending the advantages of 
civilization over that great Empire. He accepted the ofifer, and 
actually prepared for his journeys but, finding his health in too 
precarious a state to admit of his fulfilling his intention, he was 
. obliged to relinquish it. This and other disappointments were 
followed by a dejection of spirits, which he had often been sub- 
ject to. In an interval of deprivation of reason. Sept, 23, 1766, 
be unfortunately destroyed himself, in the 51st year of his age. 

Digitized by Google '^^^ 


" Isoci atis Opera, quaa quidem nunc extant om* 
nia. Vainas Lectiones, Versionem novam, ,.ac 
Notas adjunxitGulielmusBattie ♦, M.D. Coll. Med. 
JLiond. et Soc. Regiae Socius," 2 vols, Svo. 

** A Description of the Machine for tlie Fire\vorks> 
with all its Ornaments^ apd a Detail of the Manner 
in which they are to be exhibited in St. James's 
Park, Thursday, April 27, 1749, on account of the 
General Peace -f-,^ 4to. 

" The last Words of David, divided according to 
the Metre, with Notes critical and explanat(My, by 
KichardGrey:}:, D.D." 4to. 

A Second Volume of ^^Fitzosborne's Letters/' 8vo; 
with a new edition of both volumes in one, 8vo. 

" The Songs in Jack the Giant (^ueller/' a Comic , 
Opera, by Henry Brooke ^, 

" What you predicted of poor Brqwn," says Bishop Waiburton, 
** you hear is come to pass.'*-T-On which Bishop Hurd observes, 
*' He was a man of honour and probity 3 but his judgment^ iying 
too much at the mercy of a suspicious temper, betrayed him, on 
ibme occasions, into a conduct, which looked like unsteadiness, 
and ^en ingratitude towards his best friends. But^ wliatever 
there was^ or seemed to be, of this complexion in his life ox. 
writings, must be impMted to the latent constitutional disorder, 
which ended so fsitally." — Such oi liis writings as were piinted 
hy Mr. Bowyer wiU be mentioned under theii* several yea^. 

* Of whom see under the year 1752. 

t This was printed under the inspection of Gaetano Ru^geri 
and Giuseppe Sarti, who superintended Uus business oy mrec- 
tion of the Board of Ordnance. 

{ Of whom see vol. I. p. 425 ; to which may be ad4ed that, in a 
letter dated 1733, Dr. Richard Grey mentions his being far ad- 
Tanced in '' a Work upon the Downfall of Monarchy and Episco- 
pacy. Something of this kind,'* he adds, " would be of sei*vice, 
to discourage thinking men, and all who have any regard for 
fieligion, from playing the same game over again." In 1740 he 
was soliciting subscriptions for " a work where the expence was 
to be extraordinary, and the readers compai'atively but few ; 
vet he received much encoiu-agemcnt from his superiors. The 
Master of St. John's [in Oxford] subscribed for seven copies." 

§ '' A native of Ireland, whei-e he possessed a paternal estate^ 
in the county of Cavan, and was also baiTack-master of Mullingar, 
in the county of Westmeath. He gained gi^eat reputatijon as a 
>mter by ' The Farmer's Letters/ publislied in Ireland in the 
time of the rebellion, and written after the xnanner of * The 
Drapter's Letters.* His greatest application, however, seems 
to have been to the dmrna^ for^ in 173^, he li^ ):as tragedy 

Digitized by VjDOQIC 



In this year a pre&tory dissertation^ and some 
valuable notes ♦, were annexed by Mr. Bowyer to 

of ' Gustavus Vasa' rehearsed at Dniry-Iane. The actors were 
all r^bdy in their parts> and no bar seemed in the way to its 
public appearance, when an order cane from the lord chamber- 
lain to prohibit it. He met with the same ill micceas in Dublia 
with regard to his opera of 'Jack the Giant jQueller/ brought on 
soon after the close of the rebellion, which after the first night*s 
representation was forbidden by the Government to be continued. 
As to his first play, however, the prohibition did him no kind of 
injury, as he was immediately encouraged to publish it by a sub* 
scription, which has been said to have amounted to 8002. In 1741» 
bis ' Betrayer of his Country* was brought on the stage in Dub- 
lin, and met with success $ and about 17&9, at the same theatre^ 
his ' Earl of Essex.* This last play, however, being the property 
of Mr. Sheridan, manager of Smock-alley theati-e, when that 
gentleman acted at Drury-lane theatre, in the winter of 1761^ 
nis em(>lument8 being to arise from a certain proportion of the 
profits of the house on those nights in which he performed, he 
was allowed a right of reviving, or getting up, su€fa plays as he 
imaginc-d would turn out the most to his and the manager*a 
joint advantages. Among those which he fished on as his choice^ 
was Mr. Brooke's * Earl c? Essex j* which, being Ucensed by the 
Lord Chamberlain, was now brought out at Drury Lane, and 
met with good success. Through the viiiole of Mr. Brooke*6 
wi-itings there breathes a strong spirit of liberty, and patriotic 
zeal, which, though the natural and inborn ))rinciples of every 
subject of these realms, may have subjected them to misrepre- 
sentation y and, what is far from an uncommon ease, rendered 
general sentin;ent 6us])ecced as particular reflection ^ yet those 
who have the pleasure of knowing this gentleman personally 
must be ^o well assured of the integrity ot his heart, and bis 
fiim attachment to the present happy succession, as will entirely 
clear him from tlie slightest supposition of any intent to excite 
corruption, or awaken discontent, by any of hb writings. His 
dramatic pieces in thomselves, independent of these kinds of 
conniderations, though not 10 be ranked in the first class, have 
undoubtedly a conbiderable share of merit. His plots are inge- 
niously laid and well conducted, bis charaeters not ill-drawn, 
and his lang^ aff e bold and nervous j though it must be acknow- 
ledged in tie last particolar the author at times seems to pay 
too little regard to the correctness of measure, and to that po- 
fish which the language of tragedy ought to receive from har- 
mony of nuriibera.*' His dramatie pieces (of* whkli there are 
fifteen) are aU included in the general collections of his Works, 
which were |;rilited in 1776, in 4 volumes^ 8vo» Mr. Brooke 
died at Dublin, Oct. 10, 1783. 

« Mr. Markland, in a letter dated Oct. 91, 1749, says, ''The 
specimen of Knster I like very well^ and yoor Annotationa. — 


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" Lud, Rusteras de vera Usu Verborum Medioruniy 
eoramque Differentia & Verbis Activis et Passivia*,** 
About the same time Mr. Bowyer wrote a Latin 
Preface to the " Veteres Poetae citati ad Patris Phi- 
lippi Labbei de ancipitum Grascarutn Vocalium in 
prioribus Syllabts Mensuri (ubi confirmanda esset) 
confirmandam sententiam. Necnon ad indicandum 
qaibus Vocibus licet corripere^ Vocalem longam 
ante alteram in eadem dictione. Opera et Cura 

Before this little 'volume was pubbdbed^ a cop^of it was sent for 
the inspection of Mr. Markland> who, Feb. 97> 1749-50, says, 
** The reason why you have not heard from me is, because I 
maUy have not hid time so much as to look into the Kiister 
as yet, another part of the parcel you seat having taken up ail 
the time I could >6|/ tre, and given me more trouble and per- 
plexity than 1 think 1 ever yet experienced in the literary way. 
If you know, or can guess, what I mean, I need not say any 
more; but it is probable you will know more af it hereafter, 
which perhaps b as enigmatical as the former sentence ^ how- 
aver, I made an end of it, to my great .)oy, yesterday, and then 
intended to read Kuster j but last night about one o'clock I 
waked in great disorder, and, putting ihy watch to .my ear, I 
found I could not hear This dis<nrder and deafness still con« 
tinoes, but not in so great a d^;ree as it was at first, which 
makes me hope that it is nothing but a cold, or some temporary 
malady which will soon go off; but at. present 1 am no more 
iUe %o read any thing with attention than I am to command an 
army; so that if you are in haste for Kuster, or the loose 
leaves^ let me know by the next post, and I will send them 
forthwith** What the literary communication was with which 
Mr. Markland was so perplexed does not appear. His remarks 
on ** the loose leaves'' may be seen in vol. IV. p. 385. 

* Mr. Clarke, who communicated such remarks on Kuster as 
had oceurred to him, says on this occasion, '' I am always re- 
joiced when the press gives you the pleasure, as well as the 
tronble, f>f attention ; and it would always do that, if you would 
keep some scheme of your own on foot. This book will cer- 
tainly do; and the more liberties you take with it, I shaU like 
it the better." — A new edition of this work, with further 
improvements, appeared in 1773. The Dissertation was like- 
wise adopted by Mr. Holwell, in 1766, in his curious edition of 
" Selecti Dionysii Halicamassensis. de Priscis Scriptoribus Trac- 
tatus Gnecfe et Latini^,*' with this polite acknowledgement: 
" Mane IMssertationem sus L. Kuster! de vero Usu Verborum 
Medlorum, &c. edit. 1750, prsfixit Guil. Bowyer, Typographup. 
landem, auctior qukJem, ut banc nostram Select. Dion. K L 
IVactat editionem omaret, impetravi: quo nomine, Viro o^* 
tim^ de repoUicft Mterari^ merito, gratias ago.** 

c Edwardi jle 

«l8 LlTirRARY ANECDOTES OF [}7&0. 

Edvardi Leedes, in Schola Bnriensi ad aeuendos 
tdolescei¥tiuin animos, er^ Poeseais studium (cum 
ipse Pofita non sit) cotis vice fiingentis." 

In 1750 he printed Mr, George Vertue^s *^Cata--» 
logue of King Charles the First's Pictures,*' 4to. 

" Officia Religionis Christianas^ metric^ enume- 
rata k Ben, Culm *, S.T. B," 4to. 

^^Epistola'f' ad Edw. Bentham, S.T.P, k Johanne 
Burton t, S.T.B, Coll. Eton. Soe." 

*^ Julian, or a Discourse concerning the Earth- 

Suake and Fiery Eruption which defeated that 
Imperor's Attempt to rebuild the Temple at Jeni-r 
salem ; in which the Reality of a Divine Interposi- 
tion is shewn ; the Objections to it are answered ; 
and the Nature of that Evidence which demands 
tlie Assent of every reasonable Man to a miraculous 

* Of St. John*s College, Cambridge; B. A. 1719 ; M. A. an^i 
feUow 17235 B.D. 1731 ; and in 1745 (see Gent. Mag. 1779, 
Tol. XLIX. p. 249) he succeeded old Broom as rector of Freeh- 
water, in the Isle of Wight; where, on a flat stone in the nay^ 
^ the churchy his histoiy is thus recorded : 

** Infra sepiiltae jacent 

exuviae Ben. Culm, S.T.B. 

Con. Div. Joan. Evang. Cantab, quondam 

prsesidis ; higus ecclesiae per annos circiter 

viginti et tres rectoris. Natus est in 

civitate Cestriae, A. D. 1696-7, et erectus ad 

% hanc i-ectoriam cal. Octob. 1745, 

nbi -inter aniicos parochianos suot 

post plurimam annorom continuam 

eommorationem amicam animam eiSavit 

secundo die mensis Januarii, 

A. D. i7(>sr 

One of his predecessors is also thus recorded on a flat &toiie 
near the altar : 

*' Hie jacet Josephus Crefleild, S.T. P. 
hujus £cclesia3 per annos ^ rector, 

Radulphi Crefleild annigcri de 
oppido Colcestris in agro Essexiensi 
filius natu secundas. Obiit \S die 
. Augusti, A. D. 17^, a^t. 65." 

f Anne^xed to his " Epistola Critica ad Joh. Gul. Thompso^^ 
Dialogi Platonis, qui Parmenides inscribitur, editoyem. Accedit 
Etogiura memoriae sacrum Johan. Jlogeiis.** 

^ Of whom see before, p. 57^ 


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Fact is considered and explained. By the Rev. Mr* 
War|>urton, Preacher to the Hon. Society of Lin* 
coln's-inn," 8vo. 

The First' Volume of " Remarks on Ecclesiastical 
Histoty/' by the Rev. John Jortin *, M. A.*' 8vo. 

A new edition of Mr. Chesel den's -f *^ Anatomy of 
the Human Body," 8vo. 

^^ An Account of the Doctrine, Manners, Liturgy, 
and Idiom of the Unitas Fratrum, &c. by the Rev, 

* See the ^'Essays and Illustrations" in vol V. No. XVII. 

t Of this celebrated Anatomist see some account in the *' Es-* 
«ays and Illustrations/* vol.V. No. XVIII. — ^The first edition of hi3 
excellent work on Anatomy appeared so early as 1713, and was 
inscribed to Dr. Mead, to whom IVlr.Cheselden acknowledges lum« 
^If entirely indebted for the kind reception his industiy had met 
- with» " particularly in that seat of learning [Oxford] which with 
distinguished honours rewarded the merit of Dr. M^ -,* and in 
the I^«£ace acknowledges his obligations to Dr. Douglas, to 
** his honoured friend Mr. Green, surgeon to the Hospital of 
Christ Church and that of St. Bartholomew 5*' and to his late 
worthy master Mr. Feme, surgeon to St. Thomas's hospital*' To 
this volume was added, '' Syllabus, sive Index Humani Corpods 
partium Anatomicus, in xxxv Pi*selectiones distinctus. In usum 
Theatri Anatomici WillieUm Cheselden Chirurgi, S. R. S. Editio 
secunda.*' Mr. Higbmore, the celebrated painter, who liad 
attended the lectures of Mr. Cheselden to improve himself in 
Anatomy, made afterwards several (li*awings from the real sub- 
jects at the time of dissection, two of wliieh were engraved for 
Mr. Cheselden*s '^Anatomy," and appear, but without his name, 
in Tables Xil. and XUI. 

X This truly primitive Chiistian, to whose memory I am 
happy in having this opportunity of gi'atefully acknowledging 
my regard, was bQm near. Haverford West, in South Wales, 
and became a member of Christ Church at Oxford, where be 
took the degree of M. A. May 30, 1734 3 and was afterwax^s 
vicar of Stanton Harcourt§, in Oxfordshire, where, in 1740, he 

§ The following particulars tvcrc communicated to the Author of these 
** Anecdotes" by a friend who knew him in the early part of ^fe : ** Mr. 
Gambold was a singular, ov«r-zealous, but innocent enthusiast, lie bad 
not quite fire enough in him to form a second Simeon Stylitcs. He was pr^ 
sentfid to Stanton Harcourt by Bishop Seeker, I think in 1739, but eamipt 
be certain. • He had been only chaplain of Christ Church, not ^ student (the 
, term given to the fellows), of that royal foundation. He deserted bis flock 
ijk 1742, without giving any notice to his worthy diocesan and patron, to 
associate with the Moravians. When he was young, he had nearly 
perished through disregard to his person. At this time he was kindly re- 
lieved by his brother collegian in the same deptirUnent; Dr. Free, a peraoa 
frell knowf^ in London ; but the tale is not worth giving/* 


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Two Editions of Mr. Edwards's. '^ Canons of Cri- 
ticism,'' 8vo. 

wrote 'MTie Martyrdom of Ignatius, a Tragedy," published after 
his death by the Rev. Benjamin La Trobe, with the life of Ig- 
natius, drawn from authentic accounts, and from the Epistles . 
written by him from Smyina and Troas, on his way to Rome, 
1773, 8vo. A Sermon, which he preached before the University 
of ChLford, was pubhshed under the title of '' (Christianity^ 
Tidings of Joy, 1741/' 8vo. In 1742 he published at Oxford, 
from the University press, a neat edition of the Greek Testa- 
ment, but without hiis name, '^Textu per omnia Milliano, cum 
divisione pericoparum et interpuncturdi A. Bengelii," 12mo. 
Joining afterwards the Church of the Brethren, established by 
an Act of Parliament § of the year 1749, and known by the name 
of Unitas Eratrum, or, the United Brethren, he was, for many 
years, the regular minister of the congregation settled at Lon- 
don, and resided in Neville*8-court, Fetter-lane, where be 
preached at the Chapel of the Brethren. In the year 1754, he 
was consecrated a Bishop of the Brethren*6 Church. Soon after 
he had joined the Brethren, he published a treatise, which he 
had wiitten whilst at Stanton Harcourt j and which proves his 
steady attachment to the Church of England, entirely consistent 
with his connexion with, and ministry in, the Church of the 
Brethren. The title of it is, ''A short Summary of Christian 
Doctrine, in the Way Of Question and Answer; the Answers 
being all made in the soimd and venerable Words of the Common- 
prayer-book of the Church of England. To which ai*e added. 
Some Extracts out of the HomiLes. Collected for the Service of 
a few Persons, Members of the Established Church ; but ima- 
gined not to be unuseftil to others." I know not the exact date 
of this treatise ; but a second edition of it was printed in 17^> 
19mo. Mr. Gambold also published, in 1751, 8vo, ''Maxims^ 
Theological Ideas, and Sentenees, collected out of several Dis- 
sertations and Discourses of Count Zinzendorf, from 1738 till 
1747." His " Hymns for the Use of Brethren*' were printed by 
Mr. Bowyer in the years 1743, 1749, and 1752 ; some Hymns, 
and' a small H^mn-book for the children belonging to the 
Biethren*s congregations, were printed entiiely by Mr. Gam- 
hold's own hand,' in Lindsey-house at Chelsea. A Letter from 
Mr. Gambold to Mr. Spangenberg, June 4, 1750, containing a 
concise ^d well-written character of the Count of Zinzendorf [|, 
was inserted in Mr. James Hutton's '' Essay towards giving some 
just Ideas of the personal Character of Count Zinzendorf, the 
^piesent Advocate and Ordinary of the Brethren's ChurcheSj 

$ The '* Petition of the Brethren" on this occasion, mMt probably drawn 
' up by Mr. (Jaiubold, was printed by Mr. Bowyer. It is preserved in the 
*f Journals of the House of Commons," vol. XXV. p. '787. 

II The Compiicr of this Noble Bisbop*s Life in the "Brographia Britannica^ 
1766)" acknowledges his obligation to Mr. Oamboldi for some personal in- 
formation on that subject. 


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In 1750 also^ having been employed to print an 

1755/' 8vo. In 1752 he was editor of ''Sixteen* Discourses on 
the Second Article of the Creeds preached at Berlin by the 
Ordinaiy of the Brethren/* ISmo. In June 1753 appeared 
" The Ordinary of the Brethren's Churches his short and per- 
emptory Remarks on the Way and Maimer wherein he has 
beoft hitherto treated in Controversies, &c. Translated from 
the High Dutch, with a Pre&ce, by John Gambold, Minister of 
the Chapel in Fetter-lane." In the same year he published, from 
Mr. Bowyer*9 press, " Twenty-one Discourses, or IMssertations, 
upon the Augsliui;^ Confession, which is also the Bretlu^n's 
Confession of Faith ; delivered by the Ordinary of the Brethren's 
Churches befbre the Seminary. To which is prefixed a Synodi- 
cal Writing relating to the same subject. Translated from the 
High Dutch, by F. Okeley, B. A." In 1754 he was editor of "A 
modest Plea for the Church of the Brethren, &c.** 8vo ; with a 
Pre&ee by himself. In the^same year, in conjunction with Mr. 
James Hutton, secretary to the Brethren, he also drew .up ''The 
Bepresentation of the Committee of the English Congregations 
in union with the Moravian Church," addressed to the Arch- 
bishop of York; and also, '' The plain Case of the Representatives 
of the People known by the Name of the Vnitas Fratrum, from 
the Year 1787 till these Times, with regard to their Conduct in 
this Country under Misrepresentation." And in 1755 he assisted 
m the publication of ''A Letter from a Minister of the Moravian 
Branch of the Unitas Fratrum ; together with some additional 
Notes by the English Editor, to the Author of the Moravians 
compared and detected;" and also of ''An Exposition, or true 
State of the Matters objected in England to the People known 
by the Name of Unitas Fratrum; by the Ordinary of the Bretliren> 
line Notes and Additions by the Editor." In the year 1756 he 
preached at Fetter-lane chapel, and printed afterwards, a Sermon 
upon a Public Fast and Humiliation, setting forth " The Reason- ' 
ableness and Extent of religious Reverence." He was not only 
a good scholar but a man of gi^at parts, and of singular mechar ^ 
nical ingenuity. It was late in both their lives before Mr. Bowyer 
was acquainted with his merits ; but he no sooner knew them, 
than he was happy in his acquaintance; and very fi'equently 
applied to him as an occasional assistant in correcting the press ; 
in which capacity Mr. Gambold superintended (amongst many 
other valuable publications) the beautiful and very accurate 
editioa of Lord Chancellor Bacon*s Works in 1765; and in 1767 
he was professedly the editor, and took an active part in the 
translation from the High Dutch, of " The History of Greenland } 
containing a Description of the Country and its Inhabitants ; 
and particularly a Relation of the Mission, carried on for above 
these Tliirty Years by the UnUas Fratrum at New Herrnhut and 
lichtenfels in that Country, by David Crantz ; illustrated with 
Maps and other Copper Plates : printed for the Brethren*s So* 
d/e/tf for tbe Furtherance of the Gospel among the Heathen," 
%yQi$. 6to. In the autumn of 176S he retired to his native 

country, jlc 


edition of Biaden^s * translation of Caesar's Commen- 
taries,* that work received considerable improve- 
ments from his hands -f*, and the addition of such 

country, where he died, at Haverford West, universally respected, 
Sept. 13, 1771. A good print of him is thus inscribed : 

** The Rev. John Gambold, M . A. foi-nicrly minister of Stantoa 
Harcourt, late one of the Bishops of the Uniias Fro, A. L. Brandt 
pinx. J. Spilsbury scuL Published as the act directs, Dec. 10, 
1771, by J. West, No. 10, Nevil's-couit, Fetter-lane.*' 

* Martin Bladen, esq. of Abury Hatch, in the county of Essex^ 
ii'as an officer in the anuy, bearing the commission of aHeutenant-. 
colonel in Queen Anne's reign, under the Duke of Marlborough,^ 
to whom in 1705 he dedicated this translation. .Bladen dedi- 
cates to the Duke of Marlborough, who was his school-fellow at 
a little school in the countiy ; neither of them great scholars j 
though the Duke, from a polished behaviour, rose to the greatest 
dignities, from the station of page of the back stairs, \o the post 
of the first general in the world. — In 1714 Mr. Bladen was madp 
comptroller of the Mint 3 and, in 1717, one of the lords commis- 
{doners of ti'ade atid plantations. In the same yeai* he was appointed , 
envoy extraordinary to the court of Spain, in tlie room of ■ 
Brett, esq. 5 but declined it, choosing rather to keep the post he 
already had, which was worth 1000/. per annuju, and which he 
never parted with till Iiis death, which happened Fcbruaiy 14, 
1746. He was a repi:esentative in parliament successively for 
the borouglifi of Stockbridge, Maiden, and Portsmouth. Coxe- 
ter hints that he was secretary of state in Ireland, but in this he 
seems not absolutely certain, making a queiy in regard to the 
time when, which however must, if at all, have been in Q^een 
Anne's reign; for from the third yeai* of George I. to the time of 
his death, he held his place at the board of trade, and probably 
was not out of England. He wrote two dramatic pieces, both 
of which (for the one is oidy a masque introduced in the third 
act of the other) were printed in the year 1705, without the 
^uthor*s consent. Their names are, 1. /'Orpheus and Eur}'dice,'* 
a masque ; 2. /' Solon," a tragedy. 

f Mr. Markland, whom he consulted on a particular passage 
in this translation, replies, " I think ^in all my life I never saw 
such a translation as that you have sent me of these lines. If X 
were in your place, I would leave it just as it is. You will have 
an infinite deal of trouble, without any reward, or so much as 
thanks from those whose affair it is : perhaps, just the conti-ary. 
I repeat it again, do not meddle with it." — Bladen translates 
Britannia by England; and as he affects to modernize the names 
of the several people, he renders the Morini by the Terruetmois, a 
country hardly heard of in England since the reign of Hemy VIII. 
who took that city in 1515. Dr, Pegge, 


. Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

Ij 50-3 THE filOHTEBNTH CEN*rURt. S2J 

notes * HI it as are signed Typogh. In the subse- 
quent editions of this work, though printed by an- 
other person, and in Mr. Bowyer s life-time, the same 
signature, contrary to decorum, and even justice, 
was still retained ; a circumstance which he always 
mentioned with no small degree of dissatisfaction* 

In the dispute between Dr. Burto^ of Eaton and 
Dr, King of St. Mary haU (occasioned by the " Re- 
marks -J-" of the former on the Latinity of a well- 
known "Oration J'* of the latter) he had the honour 
of sharing with Dr. Burton in the invectives most 
liberally bestowed by Dr. King," in his " Elogiura 
famae inserviens Jacci Etoniensis, sive Gigantis; 
or, the Praises of Jack of Eaton, commonly called 
Jack the Giant § ; collected into English Metre, • 
after the Manner of Thomas Sternhold, John Hop- 
kins, Jolm Burton, and others. To which is added, 
a Dissertation on the Burtonian Style. By a Master 
of Arts, 1750.'' ' 

Tlie illiberality which generally attends a con- 
troversy of this kind, and of which, from tlie ^ 
stanza quoted below, it will be seen the present 
had its full share, is certain (after tlie warmth which 
produced it ceases) to sink, and very properly, the 
whole into oblivion. Let any reader peruse the 
following stanza, which is here given only to in- 
troduce Mr. Bowyer s defence, and afterwards de- 
termine whether Dr. King was defensible in suf^ 
fering such lines as the following to fall from his 

* These^ with several additional ones from his interleaved 
copies of Bladen*s and Duncan's translations^ are presented in 
the quarto volume of Mr. Bowyer s '' Miscellaneous Tracts." 

t *' Remarks on Dr. King's Speech before the Univeratj of 
Oxford^ at the Dedication of Dr. Radcliffes Library^ on the 
ISth of April, 1749. By Phileleuthems Londinensis." Sea the 
Monthly Review, vol. 11. pp. 69, 219, 235. 

X ** Oratio in Theatro Sheldoniano habita idibus AprlGss 
MDCCXLix, die dedicationis Bibliothecae Radclivianae/' 

§ In size and bulk he exceeded the common standard. 

" Some 

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" Some, loudly as the nightbird*s screechy 
Profess dislike ; some hint it ; . ^ 

And little VMsa^tt damns the Speech^ 
Because he did not print it.** 

^ Be it known (says Mr, Bowyer) that, for hav- 
ing hesitated in private cmiversation^ and with the 
freatest deference, some doubt concerning the 
atinity of an eminent Orator and Poet, I have 
feh the efiects of his double talent of fiction and 
colouring, and have been thus figured and disfigured 
by his magisterial hand; A little man, hut of great 
siifficiencv; — as soon as Dr. King's Speech was 
published, took all occasions to abuse t/ie Doctor — 
Is it not in the power, he goes on, of a scavenger 
or chimney-sweeper, as you pass by him in the 
streets, to spoil your cloaths ♦ ? Yes, against the 
laws of decency and good manners. But, within 
these bounds, in the republic of letters we are all 
CAPrrs censi, and need no other qualification to 
give a vote. I say, within the laws of decency ^^ 
for he has shewn, that barbarity is not confined to 
bad Latin, and, I h6pe, not annexed to any particular 
profession. I will still then presume to be an ad- 
vocate for freedom, while he is restless for dominion^ 
crying out. 

Quid dominijaciant, 4iudent si taliajvres ? 

In English thus, 

Gods I such enormity Jor vengeance calls, 
/jT Printers dare to censure Principals !** 

The above-cited rcmarks of Mr. Bowyer were 
intended for the conclusion of his preface to Moik 
tesquieu*s *^ Reflexions -f*, &c.** but were omitted in 
consequence of this hint from Mr. Clarke : 

" DEAR SIR, Aug. 29, 1761. 

*^ You seem to ask what is the rule of prudence 
to a man of business in points of fesentment. Re- 

* These words are literallj <pioted from Dr. Kisg*8 notes, 
t See p. 225. 


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tlvaes ar^ |io casuists in such cases : your men of 
business are the best judges : for my part, I think> 
very few things are worth resenting; either the per- 
son or the insult makes theni contemptible; and yet 
every person who offers a pubHc outrage deserves 
correction ; and it is necessary to make some ex- 
amples for the sake of the publick, and treat them 
as you do other criminals. I should probably think 
Dr. King a person that deserved no quarter; though 
I am not v^ry much pleased with the last leaf of 
your pi-eface : I should either suppress or alter it. 
The terms hesitate^ private conversation, greatesi 
deference, look as if you set about this business of 
Self-defence with some sort of diffidence; Make no 
apologies, and enter into no patticulard. I should 
be for new casting the whole from the middle of 
page xxxivi and drtiw the Baron's character for hu- 
manity and learning to as much advantage as I 
could; and then contrast it with Dr. King's — as the 
very reverse — without mentioning your case at all." 

In ttiis year he printed Baron Montesquieu*s 
^^ Reflexions on the Causes of the Rise and Fall of the 
Roman Empire ;" translated the Dialogue between 
Sylla and Socrates ; made several corrections to the 
AVork, from the Baron's " Esprit des Loix;" and im- 
proved it with his own notes *. 

In the saitie year he introduced to the publick 
the first translation that was made of Rousseau's 
paradoxical Pri^e Oration, which announced that 
singular genius to the attention and admiration pf 
Europe. It was printed under the title of " The 
Discourse which carried the Premium at thd Aca- 
demy at Dijon in 1/50. On tliis Question pro- 
posed by the said Academy^ Whether the re-estab- 
lishment of arts and sciences has Contributed to the 

♦ A new edition of Mr. feowy^f s work, with many alterations, 
^fms printed in 1759> and the prefiice. with some additional note;^ 
may be seen in hU '' Miscellaneous Tractd/' 4io, p. 231. 

VoL.IL Q jrer , 

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refinement of manners ? By a Citizen of Geneva *.•* 
The preface to this pamphlet was Mr. Bowjrer*s, 
and snail be' given below -f. 

* This tnuislatian was made under Mr, Bovryefs immediate 
diroetioD. A second txaoBlation of it was printed^ by W. Eicb* 
aixlsoo^ 1779> 12mo. 

f '' Tlie follo>ving' 1Mscour5e has made such a noise in 
France, that I thought it> for its singularity, well worth the 
translating : it mui^ be owned to be one of the finest modem 
pieces of oratory^ and of so dangerous a persuasion^ that if 
the author, instep of giving it in writing, had pronounced it 
Avith all the force which the fluency of tongue and the graces of 
action usually add to such orations in publick, I should tremble 
for all the Libraries of Europe, and dr^id his elocution almost i« 
much as the Are and swords of Goths, Vandals, and Mussulmen. 
" All I can learn of the author is, that his name is Rousseau, 
and that he is, as he saj-s, of Geneva, or of some place in the neigh* 
bourhood of Switzerland. I also have been assured, that when 
the President of the Academy acquainted Mm with the success of 
his piece it was in these or the like words : ' Sir, the Academy 
have crowned your Discourse, for its elegance and purity of lan- 
guage 'y and have overlooked your sentiments, because of your 

*' We may see by these words, that the Academy judged, as 
mankind must, that he undertook the wrong side of the ques- 
tion, and, like the scholar at the Jesuit's, deserved the piize and 
' the rod. I was really at a loss, for a time, to find hs sincere 
opinion; but his preface and notes, in support of his thesis, 
convinced me that he spoke his opinion. I was therefore once 
resolved to superadd a few critical remarks upon him, to shew 
how absurd his tenets were, and detect the art with which he 
would defeat art} but, upon a more mature deliberation, I feaied 
I might be laughed at, like the Prelate who gravely undertook 
to prove that there was no Pope Joan 3 or one who should seri* 
ously argue against the raving of Hobbes, Agrippa, Spinosa, or 
Nostradamus ; and, desisting from the undertaking, thought at 
' sufficient to say two words by way of advertisement to the reader, 
*' This gentleman would have us believe that the arts and 
sciences have injiu*ed our morals and manners, and therefoM 
would have them and their profisssors banished. But has he for- 
got that man, in all climates bom naked and defisnceless, cannot 
at all subsist without arts, nor, with any comfort, without sci* 
ences ? His situation and capacity prove, beyond doubt, that 
they were by Providence intended to be improved by hiin. h 
not art necessary for his feeding, clothing, lodging, and de- 
fence i and is not his daring mSid a proof, that some science 
was ordered for his recreation, and some for cultivating the land 
in proper seasons for his provisions ? 

« Was it not 'by art tliat Hannibal raised a reputation ? and 
were Xenophon, Epaminondas^ Csesar^ and all the fiunous Gre- 


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1751-] )*R£ BIGHTBEMTH C£mURY« SUtTt 

Among the other books of I751 were* 
^' Observations on the past Growth and present 
State of the City ef Lcmdon^ &c. By the Author ot 
a Letter from a By-Stander [Corbyn Morris*, esq,], 
folio. ' 

'' The History of the Church of St Peter, West- 
minster, commonly called Westminster Abbey t 
chiefly from Manuscrmt Authorities. By Richard 
Widmore-f-, M.A. Librarian to the JJean and 
Chapter of Westminster ;** 4to. 

cianB and Romans^ imorant of arts and aciencea ? And since ^ 
this num woukl raise War into a Divinity belonging to Ignorance^ 
how came it that the Barbarians could not stand before them } 
And if ignorance increased strength and valour, surely aU our 
common soldifirs, nay, and a vast minority of our officers, ought 
to be heroes. He frets at the European or French politeness; 
but upon his own system; and allowing his hypotheses, that it is 
all counterfeit, is it not yet better that the rude, harsh, and 
dififerent characters of men should be veiled under even a false ^^ 
urbanity and affected mild manners, than that an eternity of 
broils should disturb society, by each savage mind's being vist^ 
ble in all its uncouth and unpolished behaviour ? Is it not a 
happiness that I shall be, even outwardly, welh used by those 
finom whom I expect na more ? or would he prefer travelling 
among the banditti of Arabia, or his own savages of America, 
before a tour through £urope ? and if the lattei* must be pro- 
nounced the most agreeable, and that the aits and sciences are 
the cause of the difference, what becomes of his goddess Ig-» 
nonmoe ? In short, he had taken a laudable subject, if he had 
only lashed the abuses, which are ever the unfortunate attendants . 
on all great systtms : but to run down the sim because ike some- 
times scorbhcs, or the rain because it sometimes fells to excess, 
contains hardly any thing more delirious than what this orator 
has seriously undertaken. Like Jack in the Tale of a Tub, he 
tears the coat to pieces because of a few useless embroideries ; 
and yet, it must be confessed, his argument is worthy of admira- 
tion for its composition and elegance, and may be considered by 
those of his own opinion (if any) as a proof of the danger of arts 
and sciences, since, by their help, so much could be made of the 
worst of causes. 

.«« 1 have endeavoured to keep up to his spirit in the transla- 
tion *f and if the English reader finds any thing striking in it, I 
shall put him in mind of the unsuccessfiil Grecian orator, when 
he h^ird his adversary's oration pi-aised on the i^eading, and cry 
out, almost in his words, ** What would it be, if you understood 
the original r 

* Who was appointed a commissioner of the Customs March 15, 
176d ; and died Dec. 94, 1779. 

t Of St John> College, Cambridge; B. A. 1701; M.A. 1708. 
He was appointed librarian in 1734 1 and published, in 1743, "An 

a 3 Imjuixy 


" The Works of Alexander Pope, Esq, in Nine 
Volumes complete *. With his last Corrections, 

Inquiry into the Time of the first Foundation of Westminsteif 
Aboey, as discoverable from the best Authorities now remain- 
ing, both printed and MS. To which is added, an Ac- 
count of the Writers of the History of the Church/' 4to. — " A 
syllabus of the Dean and Chapter's Library/ made about the reign 
of Charles II. by whom uncertain, with an alphabetical catalogue 
of the loose charters in that Libraiy by the late Mr. Widmore, 
finnexeil by Mr. Astle, has been long expected/* British Topo- 
graphy, vol. I. p. 666, 

* " The Publick has here a complete Edition of his Works j 
executed in such a manner as, I am persuaded, would have been 
to his satisfaction. The £ditor hath not, for the sake of profit^ 
suffered the Author's name to be made cheap by a subscription ; 
nor his Works to be defrauded of their due honours by a vulgar 
or inelegant impression; nor his memory to be disgraced by any 
pieces unworthy of his talents or virtue. On the contrary, he 
hath, at a very great expence, oiiiamented this edition with all 
the advantages which the best artists in paper, printing, and 
sculpture, could bestow u|ion it/' WarburtonsAdvertisemeriti p.iv. 
The extreme care which was taken of this edition, with its 
progress through the press, will appear from the following curious 
and expostulatory letters of the learned Editor to his Printer : 

Dec. 12, 17^8. " Dear Sir, I have examined the Volume 
printed off, as to the press-work; and I nnist needs tell you it is 
miserable work, and I cannot bear to have an edition appear so 
badly done. Look into the books printed at Cambridge and 
Oxford, and you will see other sort of work. Look particularly 
into a very foolish book of Wood's, just printed at Oxford, on 
Stonehenge. But your rascals, what between knavery and vil- 
lainous newspapers^ do their work never fit to be read, and some- 
times incapable of being read." — " Mr. Knapton tells me he hat 
given Mr. Bowyer Brown's Poem on Satire. Why is it not yet 
printed ? It is to be put at the head of that volume in which 
the Essay on Man is. Why is not the Index to the Dunciad ynt 
printed ? Send it to me by the bearer.''-— Ocf. 14, 1749. "As to 
that letter of Dr. Arbuthnot to Mr. Pope in Curlls Edition, if 
you are sure it be genuine, I would have it in y and what else 
there is there that is genuine and modest." — March 9, 1749-50. 
'^ The inclosed is the conclusion of the Introduction corrected. 
I would have it worked off. To fasten the conclutUng loose leafr 
r liave sent the title-page, for there will be no advertisement to 
make another leaf to that I once proposed. — And to make these 
two leaves half a sheet, I have sent two leaves to be reprinted. 
I am surprized I have not yet had.a proof of the first sheet, wlueh 
I delivered when I was in I^ondon. to be re-printed ; and think 
myself veiy ill used by the neglect. — I expect what I order 
done, to be done out of hand." — March 1^, 1749r50. " I have 
sent the inclosed, that the work may go on with all expedition. 
What is yet to print will make about four sheets. This (and the 

gitized by Google ^^^^ 



Additions^ and Improvements, as thw were deli- 
i^ered to the Editor a little before his death ; toge* 
gether with the Commentaries and Notes of Mr. 
Warburton," large 8vo. 

** De Principiis Animalibus Exercitationes *, in 
CoUegio Reg. Medicorum Lond. habitae k Gulielmo 
Battie, M.D. ejusdem Coll. et Societat. Regiae Socio.** 
in three parts, 4to. 

*^ The Works of Mrs. Catharine Cockbume -f*, 
Theological, Moral, Dramatic, and Poetical ; some 
of them now first printed ; revised and published, 
with an Account of the Life of the Author, b/ 
Thomas Birch, M. A." 2 vols. 8vo. 

Dr. Stanhope*s ** Paraphrase on the Four Gos- 
•J>els,'' 8vo. 

Mr. Brown's *^Essay on the Characteristics;^,*' Svo. 

little copy you had before) is part. I shall insist on having two 
sheets composed, and sent me to correct ; for I am resolved U> 
have the book out before the end of the month. Had you con- 
descended to do -what I de8ired> which was> to have the first sheet 
re-composed with speedy the compositor would now have had 
norhing to do but fall to work on this. You need not fear 
wai* >g for the rest of the copy." — AJfarch 23, 1749-50. *' I 
hav • sent the conclusion of the book, with^i leaf to be-reprinted, 
whtcb ^ the last I shall cancel. I expected more proof this day. 
Sur vr . .oiow the post comes «*very day," — May 6, 17^1 . '' I am 
resoK^.u ic have Pbpe finished before I go out of town. Thet^- 
for*: 1 dtoiro you to proceed with all expedition on the cancelled 
lea\ es, contents^ title-pages, &c. And let them be done out Of 
hand, have Mr. Kaapton's fin^d direction abpujt the title- 
pages directly, and without any more put-ofis." — Junes, 1/5 1. 
" MLr. Bowyer, I take it extremely ill of you for not sending me 
two copies of all the reprinted leaves, pre&ces, title-pages, &c. 
before I left town, as 1 ordered. If I thought what I said would 
be any way regarded by you, I would have sent them by Leiike's 
parcS. W.W." 

* Delivered as part of the Lumleian Lecture. 

f Of whom see p. 194. 

X " It pleases me that Mi*. Brown kpows that Mr. Balguy and 
you, as well as I, think his second £s8ay inferior to the first, 
because it will do a young author^ vvho appeared to me too ob- 
stinate in this matter, some good. I thought the method he 
took in considering the defects of Lord Sha3^esbury*s moi-ality, 
a wrong one. You will conclude too, I must . needs think, his 
account of moral obligation, a wrong one. ^but as to this, I 
told him, he must think for hiiitiself. And I never liked a .friend 
tba worse for being in a difiereut system. In answer to this« he 

said, jle 


^\Q. Horatii Flacci Epistola ad Augustum, with 
an English Commentary on the Epistle to Piso ;" by 
the. Reverend Richard Hurd ♦, jM, A. Fellow of 
Emanuel College, Cambridge, 8vo. 

^* The Opinioa of an eminent Lawyer [Lord Hard- 
wicke] oonoeniing the right of Appeal from theVice- 
chancellor of Cambridge to the Senate ; supported 
\>y a short historical Account of the Jurisdiction of 
the University -f*. By a Fellow of a College" [the 
Editor of the preceding Article] |. 

fiid, that I mistook him ; and that when he speaks of happiBess 
pbtigbig, he used obligation only in the sense of motive. This 
^ye me an opportunity to write to him 5 and so, with the olcl 
Casiust8> liberaoi animam meant.** — ''I agree with you that his 
first Essay is a very fine one. It is entirely his own. The se- 
cond ("vBter no$J he is not master of. And I find him much « 
atranger to the subject of the third. It was from what I had 
aeen him capable of in the firsts that 1 put liim upon this work^ 
as what was in his profession, would be acceptable to the Qeigy, 
' «nd useful to the publick. I now hnd it would have been betterj 
had the project been laid, to publish the first Essay alone ; to 
have taken more time for the oiher two ; to liave studied the 
Mitgects well ; and above all to have taken the best assistance of 
W friends. Instead of this, he has hurried through the work 
With great precipitation ; which, though it shews the quickness 
<»f his parts, will not answer the end 1 proposed, his honour 
^d service. Though in this I may bo mistaken, and it may 
take better with the world, than if it had been what we three 
would liave had it." Dr. Warhurion to Mr. Hurd, Feb. 1 5, 1750-1 . 

* Of this leai'iied and excellent Divine see the '< Essays and 
lUustnitions," vol. V. No XIX. 

t See an account of it in British Topography, vol. I. p. ^6. 

% The following letter to Mr. Bowyer is dated Cambridge^ 
ffeb. 14, 1763. 

" Ybu must endeavour, irJ>ossible, to get me Mr. Warburtim's 
yMaJtlon Sermon at Lincoln, and the pamphlet against Dr. fVeb^ 
fter. I want them exceedingly, to complete my coUectkm of his 
smaller tracts. Dr Chipman, you see, has published an answer 
to the Opinion, of which I shall scarce think it worth my whBe tQ 
take any notice. But would it not be pivper to take the oppor- 
tunity o! advertising again the Opinion, that you may try to get 
pff the remainder of the thircl edition. *-*l have considered 
your proposal about Horace, and cannot bate a fiMrthing of 
tvhat I mentioned in xnj last. We Authors, you kfi&w, have 
always some excuse to comfort ourselves for our books not 
selling. One reason at least for the Epistle to Augustus not 
foing off was, t think, Thurlboum's neglect to advertise it pro-* 
jpi^y when it was puUisbed. I happeiied to be abroad at that 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

1751-] THJB £X6HT££NTH CENTURY. ijgl 

A short Description of a Print of Sir Watkin 
Williams Wynne. 

The Bishop of Clogher's " Essay on Spirit*," 8vo. 

I cannot but take notice under this year how 
sacred the copy-right of books was then esteemed. 
Mr. Bowyer^« ideas on that subject will appear from 
his claim to a share in tlie Works of Dr. Barrow^ 
in consequence of his iather^s having been possessed 
of an assignment to a single Sermon ^. 

tirae^ and he is apt to be very cardess. I have lately met with 
some of my own friends who nevo- observed it in the papers 
dn the other day^ when it was advertised more carefully. You 
say, if you purchased the edition^ you should expect to have the 
right of the copy absolute, I suppose you only mean the right of 
the copy c^ 750 ; that is, of this edition. Pray let me have your 
final answer as soon as possible. What I propose is to have the 
new edition printed off directly, so as to be finished at the ferthest 
this smnrner; though I would not publish it till the edition of 
the Ep&Btle to Augustus be sold off. And, as I am sensible, as 
you say, of the di&rence betwixt a piece of dry criticism and a 
novels I should not insist on the payment of the 40^ till a year 
after the time of publication, if that ^ould make any difierence. 
But, if i part witi^ the copy for less than this stmi, I think myself 
obl%ed in honour to let Mr.Thurlboume have it, against whom 
I have no complaint, but that as he grows old he grows lazy.*— 
I have not yet had leisure to look into the new edition of IVIon* 
tesquieu's Book [see p. 295], which is well spoken of here. 
*' 1 am. Sir, your humble servant, R, Hurd." 

* On this subject Dr. Warburton observes, '* The Bishop of 
Clogher, or some such heathenish name, in Ireland, has just pub- 
lished a book. It is made up out of the rubbish of old heresies ; 
of a much ranker cast than common Aiiantsm. Jesus Christ it 
Bifichael ; and the Holy Ghost, Gabriel, &c. This might be heresy 
in an English Bishop j but in an Irish, 'tis only a blunder. But, 
thank God, our bishops are all iar ftt)m making or vending 
lieresies ; though, for the good of the church, tliey have excel- 
lent eyes at spying it out whenever it skulks or lies hid** Letter to 
Jdr,Hurdy Nov. 18, 1751. 

t I shall give this claim in his own words, firom a letter to a 
respectable bookseller, dated Dec. 3, 1751 : " I am quite con- 
cerned to imderstand that you have forgot ever seeing BrabazoA 
Aylmer*s assignment of BaiTow*s 'Sermon on the Trinity}* and 
the more so, because, as spirits have grown warmer since, I ha^« 
been told 1 was to blame for acquiescing so tamely in not halv- 
ing a share in the last edition of Barrow*s Works. Ptrhaji* 
Mr. Hitch, when he is well, may help you to remember sone 
circumstance relnting* to it, who told me (and I think from yoi r 
researches) that my ass^nment was good fi>r nothing, bee<iU'e 


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* On the publication of the third edition * ,of Lord 
Orrery's Remarks on the Life and Writings of 

the Sermon was asdgned over before. He added, ' That 1 need 
not doubt the honour and veracity of the reporters.' I had be- 
fpre been told> that the Sermon was left out in the edition pre-: 
ceding yours, and would be so again. The more you have forgot 
the assignment, the more desirous am I of recovering it. I wish 
you would look among your papers, though 1 own it is not 
likely you should be solicitous to preserve a olaim >vh]ch inter* 
fBi-ed with yQur*9. 1 would advertise for Aylmer*s executors tq 
help me -, but | think Mr. Hitch said he died poor. You wiU 
please to observe, it is not a matter of indifference even now. 
My father printed the Sermon, and it is now to be ^n. If he 
had not a right to do so from Aylmer, he invaded somd one's 
property. Lay your hand on your heart, and tell VOfi whether, 
you would so quietly give up your property first, find secondly 
your reputation (if such a thing there be) by letting the assign-* 
ment be foigot, forgot by the very persQiis whose interest it is^ • 
tofoigetit." * ; 

^ " Learn to write like Lord Qrrery (whose impression of 

Letters concerning Swift was all sold in a day*s time), and you 

^ill have leadei-s enouglL It is full of beauties of all kinds. 

His character^ of men is not the least. Ramn^i, Thomas Aquinas^^ 

and Descartes, were thought by Hooker, Grotius, and Locke, tQ 

be three great oi»final geniuses; but his Lordship has discovered 

they were a set of asses. Nor should his great improvements ii; 

Astronomy be overlooked. He <^culates the return of comets 

to the greatest minuteness. But the imperial Aower of speech, 

the sovereign of this grove of delights, is what the French call 

GalinuUias,'r-But seripusly, what would this noble Lord say of 

his eqemies, when he draws so charming a picture of diabUrie 

from his friend ? Yet he himself told me he pursued that friend- 

i^hip so sedulously, that he suffered numberless indignities from 

Swift, before he could be admitted to any degree of familiarity. 

perhaps then he but takes his revenge in this representation y 

which> however, I believe a true pne. But it seems a strange 

office in a friend to acquaint the publick with such truths." 

Dr. Warburion to JUr- Hurd, Novj 18, 1751.—" As great a critic 

as you are, I believe your patience would not suffer you to read 

those detestable Letters on poor Swift in such a manner as to 

discover the hundredth part of the offences against common 

aense and science, that may be met with ^i them." Ibid. Dec, ^9. 

'' Don't you think that age in want of a little; truth and sense, which 

gave credit to the Bottte-man, and applauses to Orrery's Letters, of 

which the bookseller told me he has sold twelve thousand ?*' Ibijbd. 

Dec, 10, 1754. — [A copy of these Letters, with Mr. Warburtoh's 

free animadyeiKions upon them, entered on the margiuj. in hia 

pym hand> may be seen in Hartlebury Library. H.] ' 

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Dr, Swift," in 1752, he wrote and printed, but 
never published, " Two Letters from Dr. Bentley in 
the Shades below, to Lord Orrery in a Land of 
Thick Darkness."* The notes signed J5, in the 
iwith quarto volume of Swift's Works ^re extracted 
from these letters; which are re-printed at large 
among his '^ Miscellaneous Tracts.** 

*^ A Critical Comifnentary upon the Books of 
Tobit, Judith, Baruch, the History- of Susannah, 
and Bel and the Dragon ; to which are added, 
Two Dissertations on the Books of Maccabees and 
Esdras * ; being a Continuation of Bishop Patrick 
and Mr, Lowth, by B. Arnald, B. D." folio. 

A considerable part of Ains worth's -f* " Latin Dic- 
tionary,'* 4to. 

" Antonii Alsopi ^dis Christi Olim Alumni 
pdaruni Libri duo J,** 4tQ.— rThis little volume was 

* In this volume there is also " A Dissertation on the Dsemon 
Asmodseiis, translateil from Calmet.*' 

t " Wben Patriok republished Ainsworth's Dictionaiy^ he 
Bffinned to Dr. Mead he had found a new sense for gerue, eye- 
lashes, in the XII Tables, " Mulieres genas ne radunto." The 
Doctor m-^intained it must be imderstood of «4iot tearing their 
cheeks for grief 3 but Patrick wo\dd have radere signify to shave^ 
and then geiue must be eyelashes. So he mistook projicere ses^ 
qmpedalia verba in Horace for throwing, uttering, spouting, out; 
whereas in that, and all other instances, it means rejecting, 
as seven times in Statins translated by Pope. Both these new 
senses were left in his edition. Mr. West had a MS. of Ains- 
worth's, which he proposed printing.** Mr, Gojigh, MS. 

t July ^, 1748, Plroposals were published for printing by 
subficriptionj ''Antonii Alsopi Odaruni Libri duo, alter continens 
Epistolares, alter Miscellanea;" and the following particulars 
were then first given : '' The Author of these Odes was educated 
in Westminster College, and thence elected to Christ Church in 
Oxford* Of this learned body he had the honour to be a princi- 
pal ornament at a time when it was in its highest repute. For, 
being soon distinguished by that universal master of human 
^ science D]ean Aldrich, he passed through the usual ofRces to that 
of Censor of the house ; and had, for some years, committed to 
him the chief care of die young noblemen and gentlemen, with 
which that Society abounded. In this useful and eminent em- 
ployment he continued, till his merits recommended him to 
Sir Jonathan Trelawny, Bishop of Winchester, who appointed 
bim his chaplain; and soon after, by preferment, made ah 
ample provision for the learned retirement, in which, when 
|Ace eatexed, he continued to the end of his days. This was so 

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dedicated by Mr. Francis Bernard, the ingenious 
editor, in an elegant copy of Verses, to Thomas 
Duke of Newcastle* 

suited to his genius and incTination^ that, for a course of yeais, 
he would not be drawn &om it by the repeated solicitations of 
those who thought him due to a nlore pubhc life and Ughfir 
station. Among the various branches of pkUological karxun^ 
for which he was eminent, his singularly delicate taste of the 
Classic Poets was the chief; Tlys induced him to make use of 
the Sapphic numbers in his familiar correspondence with his 
most intimate friends; in which he abewed a fiacility so un-^ 
common, and a style so natural and easy, that he has been not 
ui\justly esteemed inferior only to his master Horace. These are 
to be the chief contents of the proposed volume -, and a singular 
instance they are of the great power which the merit of a work 
has in its preservation. We have seen, in many examples, that 
all the advantages of print and paper cannot give duration to a 

Suny and sickly ofi^ring, nor add one day to the months of its 
fe ; but these Odes, deserted by their parent, and left exposed 
to the wide world, have, by the strength of thdr constitution^ 
without the assistance of the press, lived some to forty, and most 
above thirty years. As the Author, whose modesty (the con- 
stant companion of merit) made him disregardful of his own 
works, never kept any regular copies of his compositions, the 
manuscript collections of them have been chiefly made from the 
original epistles. But as no collector, however industrious, caa 
expect to have got together all the Author's Odes of this kind $ 
as there are many others, besides the Epistolary, that well de<- 
serve to be collected and preserved ; and as the whole merit 
the best dress the press can give them is a kind of public due 
to the literary world; this publication has been often wished for. 
But probably this work would have still been neglected, if there 
he^l not intervened an unhappy occasion for the present under* 
taking it ; this is, a very near relation of the Author's being, ia 
an ai^^anced age, by unexpected losses, greatly reduced; for 
whose benefit the profits of the publication are intended. Greaifr 
care will be taken to make this collection as complete and cor- 
rect as possible, and to keep out of it all spurious things falsely 
attributed to the same Author. The size of the volume at pre- 
sent cannot be exactly known ; but it is believed it will amount 
to twenty sheets. As the works of the Author are unconunonly 
dispersed, it is desired that they who have any Poems of hia 
would send an account of the same, with the first line of each 
poem, and a direction where a copy thereof may be had» if it 
should not be already in the £ditor*» Collection, directed to 
Mr. Bowyer, printer, in White Friers, London ; end the favour 
^hall be thankfully acknowledged." This is foUowed by a list of 
cuch Poems as the Editor at that time possessed; toad I have 
now befoie me some curious specimens of Mr. Bowyelr's free<« 
dom in correcting tlie preu. On iiffi third $keet of Ajbop-s Odea 

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Mr. Jackson's '^Chronological Antiquities; or, 
the Antiquities and Chronology of the most antient 

is written^ *' Ift the last sheet I made it ohstr^at against your 
authority, and will give you leave to advertise me if it is wrong. 
—1 fear you have bad copies of these Poems; — and I \i4)l be 
bold to say, there is much bad Latin, and sometimes false quan- 
tity." In p. 2^, for •tr'idant, Mr. Bowyer writes, " Mridenl, 
agunflt the world and your copy, because it follows, et tnoneanC" 
P. ^, Ni cetet.'] " The printed copes N«c vetot. Either may 
do, but I like Nee vetoi bett^iv The xnecr is the same either 
way $ but the compluneni heightened by Nee vetat,** 

Mr. Alsop was elected from Westminster to Christ Church, 
where he took the degree of M. A. March 23, 1696 ; and B.l). 
I>ec. 12, I7O6. On coming to the University, he was very muc)i 
distinguished by Dean Aldrichj and published " Fabularum JEso^ 
picarum Delectus, Oxon. lG9S," Bvo. with a poetical dedication to 
liord Scudamore, and a preface, in whidi he took i)art s^^ainst 
Bentley, in the famous dispute with Boyle. *' This book," Dr. 
Warton observes (Essay on Pope, vol. II. p. 393), *' is not suflj- 
ciently known.*' And Dr. Warburton obsenes, that "a pow^^ 
lul cabal gave it a surprizing run." Letter to Mr. Hurd, Aug, 19* 
1749. Mr. Al9op passed through the usual offices in his Col- 
lege, tu that of Censor, with considerable reputation j and 
tor some years had the principal Noblemen and Geatkmen bo- 
longing to the Society committed to his care. In this lise&l 
employment he continued till his merit recommended him to 
Bishop Trelawny, who soon after gave him a prebend of Wiiir 
chester, with the rectoiy of Brightwell in Berks ; from which he 
could not be drawu by tiie re^f^ated solicitations of those wlio 
thought him qualitied for a more public character and a higher 
station. He attended the Convocation, however, as Proctor for 
the Clergy of Winchester. — In 1717 (sw appeara by several of 
Bishop Atterbury's letters) aix action w;\s bmught against hiih> 
by Mrs. Elizabeth Astrey of Oxfonl, for breach of a marriage 
pontract j in which a verdict was given against him for 20002. 
which unfortunately compelled him to quit the kingdom. The 
last time his name occurs in those kcters is Dec 2, 1719 5 and he 
aoon ai^er was enabled to retmn to England, His death, which 
happened June 1(), 172G, was occasioned by the falling-in of the 
bank, as he was walking by the 1 1\ i;!--side in his own garden, in 
a pLice where the path was nan^ow. — Several of his poems are'to 
be found in the early volumes of the Gentleman's Magazine 3 par- 
ticularly in vol. Vlll. p. A9!T, an ek^-rint poetical epistle to Sir John 
Dolben, dated Brightwell, March 8, 1725; aLatinOdc to thesame 
friend, March 1724,, vol. V. p. 384; the TeDeiun in Latin verse, 
p. 609; and an Ode, occasioned by his own Exile, addressed to Dr. 
Keill, tiien Professor of Astronomy at Oxford, vol. IX. pp.324, 378^ 
Mr. Francis Bernaixi was nl^o educated at Westminster school 5 
where, in 1726, he was elected into the College j and> in 1729, 
^pecame a student of Christ Church, Oxford; whence he removed 
to t|»^ Middle Temple, of which society he was afterwards a 



Kinedoms, from the Creation of the World, for 
the bpace of 500O Years, &c. To which are added 
proper Indexes," three volumes, 4to. — Of Mr. Jack- 
sou, see the " Essays and Illustrations" in vol. V, 
No. XX. 

bencher. He practised at the bar some years $ and> going the 
Midland circuit, was elected steward of the city of Lbicoln, and 
also ofl3dated as recorder at Boston in that circuit. In February 
1758 he was appointed governor of New Jersey, and in January 
1760 of M96sachusetts Bay; of which last province he continued, 
jgovemor ten years, receiving, diuing that time, the repeated 
and imiform approbation of the Crown, amid many successive 
changes of the ministry at home 5 and likewise preserving the 
confidence and good opinion of all ranks in the Province, till 
the differences arising between the two countries, and the oppo^ 
sition given to the orders sent from Great Britain, made it a 
part of his official duty to take decisive measures for supporting 
the authority of Government -, which, however approved by mi- 
nisters here, could not fail, on the spot, to weaken and gradually 
undermine the degree of popularity he before enjoyed. His con* 
duct in that difficult and trying situation gave such entire satis- 
faction to his Majesty, that he was advanced while abroad, and 
without solicitation, to the dignity of a baronet, and was deno- 
minated of Nettleham, from an estate near Lincoln, which is 
still in the family; but his chief residence latterly was at Nether 
Winchendon and Aylesbury, in the county of Bucks. The fe- 
vourabie sentiments which the Province entertained for Sir 
Francis before the controversy took place between Great Britaii^ 
and the Colonies, are shewn by the expressions of acknowledge- 
ment and affection in their several addresses to him up to that 
period ; but more particularly by the following unanimous vote 
of the House of Assembly, which was agreed to by the Council, 
and afterwards confirmed by his* Majesty : " Resolved, That in 
consideration of the extraordinary services of his Excellency 
Governor Bernard, there be granted to him, his heirs and as- 
signs, the Island of Mount Desert, lying on the North-eastward 
of Penobscot Bay > and that a grant thereof, to be laid before 
His Majesty for his approbation, be signed by the Secretary and 
Speaker on behalf of the two Houses." The constant approba- 
tion with which he was honoured by his Majesty, appears from 
the dispatches of the different Secretaries of State laid before the 
House of Commons, and prmted by their order. The late Field- 
Marshal Conway, when Secretaiy, thus concludes his dbpatch, 
31 March, 1765 : " I have only to add, which 1 do with great 
pleasure, that every pait of your conduct has had the entire and 
hearty approbation of your Sovereign, and that the judicious 
representations in favour of your Province, which appear in your 
letters laid before both Houses of Parliament, seem to have their 
full weight in all those parts of the American interest to which * 
fhey relate 3 and as I£s Majesty honours you with his fiilkst ap- 

• .gitized by G. probation 

1752-] Tll£ EIGHTEENTH CENTURt. 237 

"A Paraphrase, with Critical Annotations, ori 
the Epistles of St. Paul to the Romans and Gala-* 
tians ; to which is prefixed, an analytical scheme of 
the whole. By Timothy Edwards ^, A. M." 4to. 

The Fourth Part of Dr. Battie's Lectures '' De 
Principiis Animalibus^ Exercitationes in Coll. Reg, 

probation tx>th for the firmness and temperance of your conduct, 
so I hope your Province will be sensible of their obligations to^ 
you, and will cordially feel what they owe to a Governor whom 
no outrage could provoke to resentment, nor any insult induce to 
relax in his endeavours to persuade HisMsyesty to shew indulgence 
and favour even to the ofifending part of his people." Lord Shel- 
bumcj the succeeding secretary of state, in a dispatch 31st of Sep- 
tember following^ adds similar expressions of approbation. " It 
is with great pleasure," says he, " that I have observed the manner 
in which you have conducted yourself during the disputes of the 
last year, which I cannot do without highly approving your at-> 
tention and watchfulness, on the one hand, to support the au-* 
thority of Government, and on the other, the tenderness and 
afiection which appeared in all your letters towards the people 
tmder your government." Sir Francis alludes, in his official 
correspondence, to the sacrifice which he was obliged to make 
to his public duty. '' Such," says he, in his dispatch of the 
25th of November, 1765, " I reckon my losing the general good 
will and good opinion of the people, not by any act of my own, 
but by the unavoidable obligations of my office, in a business in 
whichl had no concern but as an executive officer." — SirFmnci* 
Bernard s "Case before the PrivyCouncil" was* printed by Mr. Bowyer 
in 1770; and two editions of'his " Select Letters" in 1774. 

In the year 1741 he married Amelia, daughter of Stephen 
Offley, of Norton-hall, Derby, esq, (by Mary his wife, sister to 
John lord viscount Barrington), by whom he had six sons and 
four daughters. Amelia Lady Bernard died on the 26th of May 
1778, and Sir Francis the 16th of June, in the year following. 
Of the sons, Francis, the eldest, died unmarried ; John, the 
second, succeeded to the title ; and Thomas, the third, of Lin- 
coln's Inn, l)arrister at law, and chancellor of the diocese of 
Durham, is well known as a scholar and a philanthropist. 

§ This Paraphrase was published, after the death of the Au- 
thor, by Manister Barnard, A. M. rector of Whitestone, Devon. 
Of Mr. Edwards I know no more than what his Editor informs 
Us 5 that he was vicar of Okehampton in Devonshire j was 
Esteemed a person of great learning and sound judgment, and 
perfectly understood the oiiginal text ; that he for many years 
made Divinity his chief study, and particularly applied himself 
to the explanation of these Eiiistles, on which he b^towed great 
part of his time, and, if he had lived, intended to have gone 
through all St. VmV^ Epistles. 


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Medicorum Lend, habitee a Gulielmo Battle, M. A. 
ejusdem Coll. et Societat. RegisB Socio," 4to. 

Two Editions of Mr. Mason's * " Elfrida, a dra- 
matic Poem, written on the Model of the antient 
Greek Tragedy," 4to and 8vo» 

* This excellent Poet was the son of a dei^gyman^ who had the 
living of HuU; and was bom there in 1725. He was admitted 
of St. Juhn's-college^ Cambridge j where he proceeded B. A, 
1745 ; whence he removed to Pembroke>ha11, of which society 
he was elected a fellow 1747 ; and took the degree of M. A. 1749. 
In 1754 1k! entered into holy orders^ and was patronized by the 
then Earl of Holdernebse> who obtained for him the appointnient 
of cliaplain to his Majesty, and gave him the valuable rectify of 
Aston in Yorkshire. He was also precentor and one of the 
resident iaries of York cathedral, and prebendary of Driffield. 
Mr. Mason was an acknowledged scholar, and possessed high 
claims to a considerable degree of poetical reputation. All 
that could be gathered from the Greek and Roman stores cer- 
tainly contributed to embellish his mind ; but it may be reason'^ 
ably questioned whether it was enriched by any great share of 
original fi^enius ; though it must be admitted that his ''Caracta- 
cus" and *' £lMda'* abound in passages marked by energy and 
spirit. He was also the author of " The English Garden/' 
" TraniJation of Fresnoy's Art of Painting/' and several other 
cekbrated poems, the Life of Gray, &c. TTie memorable " He- 
tv:c Epistle to Sir William Chambei's" has been often attributed 
to this gentleman -, and, if he were the author of it (of which 
thei'e is scarcely any doubt, as he wrote many satirical things, 
and ^o ''lid Giay too), he certainly possessed ne small portion of 
sati: iv.ul humc m* as well as poetical strength : but the work Is 
cei'tumly different from the genei^ character of his productions. 
It is certain, hoviever, that he never acknowledged it. In private 
life his character, though with something in his manners beyond 
the mere dignity of conscious talents and literature, was distin- 
guished by plnlanthi-opy and fervid friendship. For the latter 
quality we have only to observe his conduct in relation to Gray, 
whose genius he estimated with a zeal of enthusiasm, to bor- 
row an expression of old ^fheobald, *' aaiounting to idolatry." 
Upon the whole, he is to be viewed as a man who may be ranked 
with the^upporters of Biitish literature and morals, — Mr. Mason 
is fi-equently mentioned with great respect in the Con-espon- 
dance of Up. Warburton. " Piay niiake my best complim^i^ts to 
Mr. Mason," says that learned Divine to Mr. Hurd> Dec, 23, 
1750, " I shall receive him as a gift from your hands, and 
shall cheiish him accordingly : that is, he may be' assured of 
always findinj^ a servant and a friend in me. He had my 
esteem before, and I thought myself much his debtor on dear 
Mr. Pope*s account ; but, after the knowledge of your value 
for him, nothing can be wanting to tie him very dose to-me. I 


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1752«] . THfi EIGHTEBKTH CEKTURT. ^$9 

Iter Surriense et Sussexiense. Praemittitur^ De 

thiiik the model he writes his Poem [Elfrida] upon> not only right 
in itself, but that his trial of the success of it is very com- 
mendable;* and, one should think, piomising; as it laiites 
an that b admired, or afifected to be admired, in dramatic per* 
Ibnnances, music and poetry/* — Dec, ^9, 1751. ** I think Mr. 
Mason has in all respects judged right, to give his poem [ElMda] 
to the pubiick as a classical performance; and it is not im- 
poadMe b«t that those who had been most averse to hove seen 
k brought an the stage the ordinary \vay, may be clamorous 
for its appearance there, some time or other, in their o^vn 
way." — May 9 J 1752, " A kind letter I received from you this 
moiTiing reminded me that I should have wrote to you before, 
to convey a word or two, by you, to Mr. Mason. You know 
how the thing stands with bis Northern Lord, and you know 
my sentiments on it. A little after Mr. Mason had left us, Mr« 
Cnarles Yorke, who is willing to do all obliging offices to mj 
friends, as well as ready to do justice to merit, chanced to men« 
tion that affair. He said he had met the Earl of Rockingham 
at some public place, and complimented him on his disposition 
to Mr. Mason, and thence took an opportunity of saying what 
he thought most advantageous of him. What passed of this 
kind is of little moment ) only I could find by it^ that all who 
had spoken of Mr. Mason to Lord Rockingham had neither been 
so candid nor so generous as Mr. Yorke. The tlung most mate- 
rial is, to let I^Ir. Mason know Mr. Yorke's opinion of the invi* 
tation i and I am tiie rather obliged to it, as Mr. Yorke*s is dif- 
ferent from mine. He thiiiks Mr. Mason is likely to attach that 
Lord's liking to him, as he is a young Nobleman of elegance^ 
and loves music and painting. His interest too, he sa^'s, is as 
weighty as any great man's can be who is not likely to' turn to 
business : and, in a word, thinks Mr. Mason should not refuse the 
ofier. I said to him all on the other side I had said to Mr. Ma- 
son, and we parted like two of Tull/s disputants. He seemed 
willing I should tell you, to acquaint your friend with what 
passed.*'— Oc*. ^4, 1754. " Mr. Mason has called upon me. i 
found him yet unresolved whether he should take the living. I 
said, was the question about a mere secular employment, I 
should blame him without reserve if he refused the otier. fiut 
as I regarded going into orders in another light, I frankly 
owned to him, he ought not to go, unless he had a call .- by 
which I meant, I told him, nothing &natical or superstitious $ 
but an. inctination, and, on tliat, a resolution, to dedicate all 
his studies to the service of religion, and totally to abandon his 
poetry. This sagrilice, I said, I thought was required at axqr 
time, but morq indispensibly so in this, when we are fighting 
t with Infidelity pro aris et focls. This was what I said ; and I 
will do him the justice to say, that he entirely agreed with me 
in think faigi that decency, reputatioob and religipn, all required 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

940 litflSRARY ANECDOtBS OF [175^; 

Lin^ae Graecae institutionibus quibusdath Eptstob 
Critica*" By Dr, Burton; 


In 1 753, when the Nattion was in si ferment at 
the indulgence proposed to be granted to the Jews, 
Mr. Bowyer published, in 4to, *' Remarks on a 
Speech made in Common Council, on the Bill for 
permitting Persons professing the Jewish Religion 
to be naturalized, so far as Prophecies afe supposed 

this sacrifice of him ; and that, if he went into orders, he in- 
tended to give it.'* — ^The late Mr. Stee\-ehs, in aM article which he 
burnished for the ^'BiographiaDramatica," thus ably characterizes 
Mr. Mason : '•'This gentleman is one of the few authors who arc 
intitled to the applause of the world, as well for the virtues of his 
heart as for the excellence of his writings. He married a young 
lady of good family and amiable character, but of a consumptive 
constitution, which soon deprived him of her at Bristol Wells, a^ 
appears by her elegant epitaph in that cathedral. Mr. Mason af 
present exerts himself as a politician in the county where he ro' 
sides, and seems to have been very active in farming tlic associa- 
tion establuhed there.— -The commendations bestowed on £lfnda 
and Caractacus in their original fdrm^ have been seconded by an 
equal decree of applause since they weit; ada]itcd to the stage'. 
The first is perhaps the most finished, the second the most strik- 
ing performance.** — ^After some masterly observations oft these 
two celebrated ditimatic works, Mr* Steevens candidly adds, " The 
real beauties, however, of both these performances so succcss- 
^Uy predominate over every seeming imperfection they may 
i>etray, that, on a review of what we have written, we scarcely 
.think our remarks to the disadvantage of either deserve consi- 
ideration.** Mr. Mason man-ied Maiy, daughter of William 
Shermon, of Kingston-upon-HuU, esq. who died March 24, 1767> 
in her 28th year, at Bristol ; in the North aile of which cathedral 
he erected to her memoiy a neat monument 6f white marble/ 
with the following inscription : 

" Mary, the daughter of William Shermon, ^ 
of Kingston-upon-HuU, and wife of the llev. Wilfiam Mason, 
died March 24, 1707, aged 28. 
Whoe*et, Kke me, with trembling anguish brin^gs 
His heart*8 whole treasure to these h^ing springs ; 
Whoe*er, like me, to soothe disease and pain. 
These healihg sprii^ has visited in vain 5 
Condemn*d like me to hestt the faint reply. 
To mark the fading cheek, the sinking eye/ ^ • 

Prom the chill brows to wipe the damps of death,! 
And watch in dumb despair the shoiteaing breath ; 


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to be afTected by it.~ The design of this sensible 
Uttle tract, which was written with spirit, and well 
received by those who were superior to narrow pre- 
judices, was to shew, that, whatever poUtical rea- 
sons might be adduced against the Bill, Christianity 
would in no degree be prejudiced by the indulgence 
proposed to be granted to the Jews*. It is printed 
with Mr. Bowyer's " Miscellaneous Tracts.'' 

In the same year some of his notes were annexed 
to "A Journal from Grand Cairo to Mount Sinai, 
and back again^, translated from a Manuscript 

If chance direct him to thi^ artless line. 

Let the sad mourner know — ^his pangs were mine.*' 

Mr. Mason's death happened at Aston, of a mortification, 
occasioned by breaking his shin, in steppiSng out of his car^ 
liage. " He hurt his shin on FViday, officiated in his church 
at Aston on Sunday, and died on the Wednesday following. He 
was lord of a valuable manor in the East Riding of the county 
of York ; and his income was about 1500Z. per annum" Mr. 
Gaugh, MS. — ^The appointment of the four canon-residentiaries 
of York cathedral is in the gift of the Dean ; who is obliged, by 
statute, to give the ^-acant canonry to the first man he sees, after 
the vacancy, capable of taking it. Mr. Markham was his first 
»ght on the death of Mr. Mason, 

* *' The Jew Bill is one of those things that characterize the 
present age. The Bishops saw no harm, nor even indecency in 
it, to Religion. The people thought they saw, what (it is be- 
yond all question) they did not see. So that between the not 
aeeiDg at all,' and the seeing ftlse^,* I never met with so much 
wickedness of a persecuting spirit on one side, and so much 
nonsense on both, as in this pamphlet comtroversy." 

Dr, Warburton to Mr, Hurd, Dec. 6, 1753, 

t To the Society of Antiquaries, to wliom this book was in- 
scribed, Bishop Clayton observed, *' that as the Jom^nal particu- 
larly describes many places in the wilderness, where great num- 
bers of antient characters are hewn in tlie rocks j if a person 
was sent to live some time among the Arabs, he might get copies 
of the characters, and some helps, by which the antient Hebrew 
characters, now lost, may be recovered." He added, " I don't 
know whom to apply to, more properly to look out for a suitable 
person. As to tlie expence, I am willing to bear any proportion 
you shall think proper, in order to have this design etfected.'* 
[The Bishop proposed to have given 100/. per annum for five 
years.] The Prefetto of Egypt hsud with him persons acquainted 
with the Arabic, Greek, Hebrew, Syriac, Coptic, Latin, Aip:ni- 
iiian, Turkish, English, lUyrican, German, and Bohemian lan« 
guages, yet none of them had any knowledge of the characters. 

Vol. II. R which 

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written by the Prefetto of Egypt, in company with 
some Missionaries de propagandd Jide at Grand 

which were cut in the solid rock, 12 and 14 feet high, with great 
industry. The Bishop declared, that he did not make this pro- 
posal as a matter of curiosity, but as it might be of great ser- 
vice to the Christian revelation, by corroborating the history of 

From the learned Body to whom the Bishop of Clogher ad- 
dressed his Journal, he received the following acknowledg- 
ment : 

*' UY LORD, Noi\^, 1753. . 

" The regard which your Lordship was pleased to shew to this 
Society, by addressing to them the Journal to Mount Sinai,, with 
your Lordship's learned and curious remarks on the ori^n of 
Hierogl^-phicks, has long since called for our thankful acknow- 
ledgment. And we assure your Lordship, that this delay hsB 
been no ways owing to our not being duly sensible of the hon- 
our done us by that address. But the Society being yet in the in- 
fancy of its present establishment, we have been chiefly employed 
in settling and adjusting such matters as more immediately re- 
' late* to its future management and regulation; which«has hither- 
to prevented our attention to several other things, though of 
importance, that have come before us. And we now find our- 
selves obliged to acquaint your Lordship, that, as well from the 
natwe of our constitution, which principally respects British 
antiquities, as from our annual contributions, which at present 
are our only revenue, we are wholly incapable, as a body, of 
contributing to the support of your Lordship's truly generous 
and laudable scheme, proposed in the above-mentioned treatise. 
Whatever, therefore, can be hoped for of that kind, must be 
done by particular persons of Jarf;? fortunes, who are willing to 
encourage such curious and useful researches into the earliest 
times. And for this purpose we have not been wanting to re- 
commend it, both at our meetings and elsewhere, as occasion 
has offered ; nor shall we, for the future, cease to do so, though 
hitherto it has not had the desired success. That your Lordship 
may long live to see the happy effects, both of this and any oth6r 
good designs your Lordship may have in view, for promoting 
the interest of learning, and our holy religion, is the sincere and 
hearty desire of, my Lord, your Lordships most obliged, hum- 
ble servants. The Society of Antiquaries of London." 

An excellent Antiquary, in a letter on this subject (Gent. Mag. 
1753, p. 331) says, " I hope thft gentlemen addi^ssed wfll jwiy a 
proper legard to the proposal of the Bishop of Clogher, and will 
send some qualified person to take an exact copy of that very 
antique inscription on the rock at Moiint Sinai. It may seem 
\ cry daring in any one, while we have so few data, and while 
little more is known relating to this inscription but that it 
exists, to adventuie any conjecture concerning it^ and yet I 


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Cairo: To which are added, Remarks on the Origin 
of Hieroglyphics, and the Mythology of the antient 

think one may guess something, from analogy, about the sub* 
ject-matter of it. I believe it will prove to be historical, since 
I have observed that such antient memorials have been preserved 
in that manner. * That the most antient people/ says Mr. Wise, 
' before' the invention of books, and before the use of sculpture 
upon stones, and other smaller fragments, were wont'to repre- 
sent things great and noble upon entire rocks and mountains, 
teems so natural, that it is easily imagined, and assented to by 
all. And that the custom was not laid aside for many ages after, 
is plain from History. Semii-amis, to perpetuate her memory, is 
reported to have cut a whole rock into the form of herself. 
Hannibal, long after the invention of books, engraved characters 
upon the Alpine rocks, as a testimony of his passage over them j 
which characters were remaining about two centuries ago, if we 
may believe Paulus Jovius. But, what is most to our piupose, 
it appears to have been particularly the custom of the Nortiiem 
nations, fix)m that remarkable inscription mentioned by Saxo, 
and several ages after him delineated and published by Olaus 
Woi-mius. liiis was inscribed by Harold Hyldetand to the me- 
mory of his father -, it was cut on the side of a rock, in Runic 
characters, each letter of the inscription being a quarter of an 
ell long, and the length of the whole 34 ells.' (Mr. Wise's Letter 
to Dr. Mead.) — ^These Northern examples are indeed the most 
Ibr this learned Author's purpose, who contends that the White 
Horse, in the Yale of that name in Berkshire, is a monument of 
this sort, and was intended to perpetuate the remembrance of a 
signal victory obtained by the Saxons at Ashdown, under the 
conduct of King i^Ufred, over the Danes. But the custom was 
Eastern as well as Northern, as appears from that very remark^ 
able instance which we have in Captain Hamilton's Account of the 
East Indies. The author, after giving a short history of that 
tuccessful attack which the Dutch made upon the Island of 
Amoy, in China, A. D. 1645, adds, ' This history is written in 
large China characters, on the face of a smooth rock that fhces 
the entnmce of the harbour, and may be ^rly seen as we pass 
out and into the harbour.' This is but of late date, compared 
with the monument at Mount Sinai ; but, as the Eastern people 
in general are extremely tenacious of their antient customs, as 
appears from the travels both of Dr. Pococke and Dr. Shaw, the 
conjecture is not the less prol>able, that this Arabian inscription 
will be found to afibrd us some historical feet." 

*' It w^uld have been a sensible disappointment to our worthy 
Prebtc^ had he lived to see that, after an attentive examination 
by the late Mr. Woitley Montagu, in 1765, these characters ap- 
pear to be nothing more than the work of Christian converts, 
pilgiims to Mount Sinai. They approach nearest to the Hebrew 
of auychairactet',and are intermixed with figures of men and beasts. 
Ilr. Monta^'s description of the holes in the rocks struck hf 

a 2 Moses 

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Heathens. By the Right Rev. Robert Lord Bishop 
of Clogher *.'* This benevolent and very learned 

Moses bears ample testii!bODy to the Scnpture Histoiy. See Phil. 
Trans, vol. LVI. article 8j attd Gent. Mag. 1767, pp.374, 401. 
The last account which we have of these written monu- 
ments is by Mr. Nieubuhr. " The inscriptions/' says he, '^ on 
the road from Suez to Mount Sinai, do not answer the idea 
formed of them. I saw no rocks covered with characters for 
half a league together each; but very different inscriptions, 
which Pococke copied before, and Mr. Montagu after me. As 
they are all engraved on very unequal and rough sur&ces, my 
copies of them could not be more distinct than those taken by 
the travellers before mentioned. They appeared to me nothing 
more than the names of persons who have passed that way. Yet, 
as they are unknown in Europe, I shaU give some of them in 
the account of my travels, with divers well-written hieroglyphics 
which I found in these deserts." Description de VArehie, Copenh. 
1773, p. 86. — ^Those who reflect on the fatigue of caravan-travel- 
ling in these parched countries, so feelingly detailed in Mr. Ir- 
win's late journey over land from Suez to Cairo, may perhaps 
think it very extraordinary that Pilgrims should consume the 
little leisure such journeys afford in attaching themselves to a 
rock (even the shady side) at the height of 12 or 14 feet, to 
carve ktters, which, while they are described to approach nearest 
to the Hebrew of any known character, are intended to be repre^ 
rented as having no moi'e meaning than the scrawls of children 
with chalk on a wall." This note is Mr, Gougfis, 

* Dr. Herbert Clayton, advanced to the Biahoprick of KiUala, 
Jan. 33, 1729,. was translated to the see of Cork, Dec. 19, 1735, 
and to that of Clogher, Aug. 2(3, 1745. He was Fellow of the 
Royal and Antiquarian Societies j was always considered as a 
prelate of great learning, and of distinguished worth and pro- 
bity } and died, much lamented, Feb. 25, 1758. His publica* 
tions arc, 1. A Letter in the Philosophical Trapsactions, No. 461, 
p. 813, giving an account of a Frenchman, 70 years old (at 
Inislianan, in his diocese of Cork), who said he gave suck to a 
child. — 2. "The Chronology of the Hebrew Bible vindicated; 
the Facts compared with other antient Histories, and the diffi- 
culties explained, froui the Flood to the Death of Moses ; toge- 
ther 'vn it ii some Conjectures in reliUion to Eg)pt, during that 
Pciicxl of Time J also two Maps, in which are attempted to be 
settled the Joiirneyin^s of the Ciiildien of Israel, 1751," 4to. — , 
S. *' All impartial Ji)nquiiy into the Time of the Coming of the 
RIessiali ; to^^rt'ier with an Abstract of the Evidence on which 
the Belief of lUe Chri^^tian Religion is founded ; in two liStteri 
to iiu eminent Jiw, 1751," 8vo. — 4. *' An Essay on Spirit; 
wherein the Doctrine of the Tiinity is considered in the Light ' 
of Nature and Retison ; as well as in the Li^ht in which it 
was held by the antient Hebrews; compared also with the 
Doctrine of the Old and New Testament; together with soma 
Remarks on tlie Atlianasian and Nicene Creeds, 1751," 8vo. 


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Palate highly esteemed the friendship of Mr. Bow- 
yer ; honoured him with a regular and hot unfre- 

On tlus subject Dr. Warburton observes, " The Bishop of Clogher, 
or some such heathenish name, in Ireland, has just published 
a book. It is made up out of the rubbish of old heresies ; of a 
much ranker cast than common Arianism. Jesus Christ is 
Michael; and the Holy Ghost, Gabriel, &c. This might be heresy 
in an English Bishop^ but in an Irish, *ti5 only a blunder. But, 
thank God, our Bishops are all hr from making or vending 
heresies; though for the good of the Church, they have exlcellent 
eyes at spying it out whenver it skulks or lies hid." Nov. 18, 173 1 . 
— 5. ''A Vindication of the Histories of the Old and New 
Testament, in answer to the Objections of the late Lf)rd Roling- 
broke; in Two Letters to a young Nobleman, 1752," Svoj re- 
printed in 1753. — 6. "A Defence of the Essay on Spirit, with Re* 
marks on the several pretended Answers 3 and which may serve as 
an Antidote against aU that shall evier appear against it, 1753,*' 
Sro. — 7. *' A Journal from Grand Cairo to Mount Sinai, and back 
again, &c. 1753," as above j two editions, 4to and 8vo. It was 
soon after this publication that his Lordship became (in March 
1754) aFellow of the Society of Antiquaries. — 8. "Some Thoughts 
on Self-love, Innate Ideas, Free-will, Taste, Sentiments. Liberty 
and Necessity, &c. occasioned by reading Mr. Hume's Works, and 
the short Treatise written in French by Lord Bolingbroke on 
Compassion, 1754," 8vc. — 9. '* A Vindication of the Histories of 
the Old and New Testament, Part II. Wherein the Mosaical 
History of the Creation and Deluge is philosophically explained ; . 
the Errors of the present Theory of the Tides detected and recti- 
fied ; together with some Remarks on the Plurality of Worlds. 
In a Series of Letters to a young Nobleman. Adorned with se- 
veral Explanatory Cuts, 1754," $vo. — lO. " Letters between the 
Bishop of Clogher and Mr. William Penn, concerning Baptism, 
1755,'* 8vo. " Having some years ago^ been indulged with a 
copy of the following Letters, after some importunity I have at 
length obtained a permission for their publication ; which I 
was the more desirous of, as I apprehend it may be of service to 
have a friendly debate on one of the Sacraments of the Church 
of England made known j where the Reader, whatever he shall • 
determine, will receive a pleasure at least in seeing a dispute, 
concerning so important an article of Religion, carried on with- 
out a breach of its essential characteristics, Cliarity and Can- 
dour." Advertisement of Mr. Bowyer, prefixed to the Letters. — 
11. "A Speech made in the House of Lords in Iitland, on Mon* 
day, Feb. 2, 1756> for omitting the Xicene and Athanasian 
Creeds out of the Liturgy, &c. Taken in short-hand at the 
Time when it was spoken, by D. S. 1756," 8vo ; third etlition, 
1774. — IS. "A Vindication, Part HI. Containing some Obser- 
vations on the Nature of Angels, and the Spiritual Account of 
the Fall and Redemption of Mankind. In a Series of Letters to 
a young Nobleman, 1758," 8vo. The three parts of the " Vin- 
dication/' with the " Enii&Y on Spirit,*' were reprinted by Mr. 


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quent correspondence*; and presented him with the 
copy-right of all his valuable writings. 

In. 1753 also he printed " Medals, Coins, Great 
Ideals, impressions from the elaborate Works of 
Thomas ISimon, Chief Engraver of the Mint to 
King Charles the First, to the Commonwealth, the 
Lord Protector Cromwell, ^nd in the Reign of King 
Charles the Second, to mdclxv. By George Ver- 
tue-|-," 4to. A new and improved edition of this 

Bowyer^ in one volume^ 8to, 1759 ,* with some additional notesj 
and an Index of. Texts of Scripture illustrated or explained. 

A good Life of Bishop Clayton has (since this note was first 
compiled) been given in the Biographia Britahnica^ vol. III. To 
which may be added the following paragraph fh)m an unpub- 
lished Letter of John Earl of Cork to the Rev. Mr. Duncombe^ 
dated March 11, 1758 : " The Bishop of Cloghcr died in a lucky 
tinie for hfe earthly welfare. The people were enraged against 
him to a sanguinary degree. He might have fallen a victim tp 
the impious rabble, whose piety never is so high as when it tends 
to do mischief.'* 

* That Bishop Clayton's confidence was not misplaced, will 
appear by the following Letter, which was ^ent by Mr. Bowyet 
to Dr. Bradley, the celebrated Astronomer Royal : 

** REV. SIB, Nov. 9, 1758. 

" Before the Bishop of Clogher died, he fell under the censure 
of some Astronomers, for having asserted § that the Moon kept 
the same face to the Earth, without turning on its own centre. 
In vindication of himself, he sent me the inclosed letter to print^ 
if I thought proper. As I would not publish any thing now 
under his name vvhich should be thought a manifest absurdity 5 
and as I am not^ proper judge how far what hp has here ad- 
vanced is so, I would humbly beg the fevour of you to let mc 
know if you think it barely plausible. I do not presume to ask 
your decision on the question j but only to say whether w'hat he 
hath produced hath the appearance of probability, which is the 
chief object of the press, and in general the utmost attainment 
of human inquiries. 1 have fiirther to ask pardon, if my regard 
to his character hath made me exceed ray own, when I subscribe 
mpelf, Reverend Sir, your most humble servant, W. Bowyer." 

l know not what answer was returned by Dr. Bradley, or whcr 
ther his advancing infirmities prevented his returning any;, the 
Bishop's letter, however, did 220^ appear in jirint. Dr. Bradl^ 
died July 15, 1762, in his 70th year. See an account of him in 
the "Biographia Britannica," vol. II. p. 556. 

f George Vertue, an eminent engraver and diligent collector 
of Antiquities relative both to his Art and the History of England, 
and no less disting:uished by the amiable sincerity and integrity 
pf his heart, was born in the parL>h of St. Martin in the Fields, 

§ In his " Vindication of the Old M N^w Testament/* Part II. 

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Work, with a valuable Appendix by Mr. Gough, 

1684. His parents, he says himself^ were more honest than opu- 
lent. After serving three or four years as part of an apprentice- 
ship with a master who engraved arms on plate, and had the 
chief business in London j but who, being unfortunate, retired 
to France, his native country j Vertue entered into a seven years' 
engagement ^^ith Michael Vandergucht § ; engraving copper-plates 
for him ; till, in 1709, having received instructions and advice 
from several Painters, he began business for himself, and passed 
the first year in drawing and engraving for booksellei-s. He 
was early in life distinguished by Mr. Prior; who, in his lines on 
Tom Britton^ joins Vertue with Sir Godfrey Kneller. He was 
also introduced to many persons of taste and eminence ; which 
gave a shining appearance to the morning of his fortune. His 
mother was left a widow, with several children. " I was the 
eldest/' he says, "and then the only child that could help them j 
which added circumspection to my affairs then, as veil as in- 
dustry to the end of my life." At intervals he practised drawing 
and music; and studied the French, Italian, and Dutch languages. 
lord Somers employed him to engrave a plate of Abp. Tillotson; 
which he performed admirably, and was nobly rewarded. In 
171 1 he was one of the first members of the Academy of Painting 
then established, of which Sir Godfrey Kndler was at the head ; 
tmd he continued till the end of that year to engrave portituts from 
Kneller, Dahl, Richardson, Jervase, Gibson, and othen. On the 
accession of the present Royal Family, he engraved an admir- 
able likeness of the new King, from a painting by Kneller, of 
^vhich many thousands were sold. It was shewn at Court ; and 
followed by portraits of the Prince and Princess. He commenced 
his researches after the lives of British Artists so early as 1713 j 
aad soon found a Mecenas in that munificent collector Robert 
Harley, the second earl of Oxford ; and another patron in He- 
neage Finch, pari of Winchelsea; who, having been elected 
President of the Society of Antiquaries on their revival in 1717, 
appointed Mr. Vertue, who was a member, to be their Engmver. 
He continued to execute the Society's prints till his death ; and 
the prices of some of his earliest performances for them were : 

1718. Richard II. in Westminster Abbey, coppers-plate in- 
cluded 21 i.; 

1719. Ulphus's Horn 2/. 5 

1721. Shrine of Edwaid the Confessor (the Society found 

the plate) 15/. 15s.; 
Waltham Cross, including paper and working-o£P 5/. 

} Michael Vandergucht died Oct. 16, 1725, et. 65. He left two sonst 
1, John, an engraver of some eminence^ whose only son Benjamin, one 
of the earliest students in the Royal Academy, was drowned, in returning 
from Chiswick, Sept. 16, 1794. 2, Gerard, a well-known dealer in ,mc- 
. tures in Great Brook-street; who died March 18, 1776; and his pictures 
and bronzes were sold by Christie in 1777- The widow of Gerard ^by 
whom he had 30 cbildreA) died at Paddington, March 18, 1790, in her 
Sdtb year, 

^ He 

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and two additional plates finely engraved by Basire^ 

He also engraved the Oxford. Almanacks from 1723 to his death; 
and embellished thenl by views of public buildings and historic 
events. The visits he paid to most of the galleries of the 
Nobility, and to the Universities, in search of English por- 
traits, suggested a design of engraving a gi-^t variety of them, 
as well as of historic prints. With Lord Colerane, one of his 
noble patrons, he visited Salisbury, Winchester, and Stonehenge^ 
with Mr. Stephens the Historiographer, St. Albans, Verulam, 
and Gorhambury -, with the Earl of Oxford, after passing a 
week at Wimpole, to Stamford, Burleigh, Grantham, Lincoln, 
and Welbeck ; and in 1728 he accompanied the Duke of Doi^set 
to Knowle and Penshurst.' 

In 1730 appeared his twelve heads ol celebrated Poets -, and 
that he had taken some considerable pains respecting the authen- 
ticity of them, appears from the following letter : 

" Mr. Christiak, Pray inform my Lord Harley that I have 
on Thursday last seen the daughter of Milton the Poet. I car- 
ried with me two or three different prints of Milton's picture, 
which she immediately knew to be like her father -, and told me 
her mother-in-law (if living in Cheshire) had two pictures of 
him, one when he was a school-boy, and the other when he was 
about twenty. She knows of no other picture of him, becaiise 
she was several years in Ireland, both before and after his de^th. 
She was the yoimgest of Milton's daughters by his first wife, and 
was taught to read to her father sevei-al languages. Mr. Addison 
was desirous to see her once, and desired she would bring with 
her testimonials of being Miltop's daughter ; but, as soon as she 
came into the room, he told her she needed none, her fece hav- 
ing much of the likeness of the pictures he had seen of him. 
For my part, 1 find the features of her fece very much like the 
prints. I showed her the painting I have to engrave, which she 
believes not to be her father's picture, it being of a brown com- 
plexion, and black hah-, and curled loclis. On the contrary, he 
was of a fair complexion, a little red in his cheeks, and light 
brown lank hair. Geo. Vertue." 

After this, he again visited Oxford, Gloucester, Burford, Ditch- 
ley, Blenheim, and Cambridge; and soon after published the 
portraits of King Charles I. and his loyal adherents ; and was 
employed three years by the Knaptons in illustrating Rapin. 

The name of Mr.Veitue is enrolled in the list of the Gen- 
tlemen's Society at Spalding ; and that he was an attentive cor- 
responding member the following letter, addressed to Maurice 
Johnson, junior, esq. the Secretary' of that Society, will testify. 
" DEAR sir, London, July 29, 173i?. 

'* Your kind and obliging letter has much more than repaid 
the courtesy you intendecl me of a visit, which I could no ways 
expect but with your conveniency, when you had spare time on 
your hands. Though that may not happen so soon as I desire it, f 
still your kind and friendly sentiments on those few things I 
have heretofore shewn you, encouraged me then to wi^i for aa 


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was printed, by the Compiler of these "Anecdotes,** 

opportunity of hearing your opinion about some others lately come 
into my hands, and that I Icpow nut how long they may continue 
with me, they being marbles, Roinan, with inscriptions, and two 
antique brass statuos. Our Society has adjourned. Mr. West is gone 
to France. Messrs. Gale are out of town. But, in relation to your 
request, 1 wish this sketch [of Roger Bacon] may be of any use. 
The original, from which I drew that I have, is painted in oil- 
colours ', upon a thick board ; the ground blue, the habit of a 
dark or black j the whole picture not quite so big as tlie life. It 
is now at Knowle, the sciit of the Duke of Dorset, in Kent. 
With this picture of Bacon is also, in the same gallery, many 
other learned men of early time in Europe : all probably col- 
lected early in jgiieen Elizabeth's time, by Thomas Sackville, 
afterwards Earl of Dorset, and Lord Treasurer before he died 5 
a Dobleman excellent for his great learning and other noble en- 
dowments. His picture I am now about to engrave -, and that 
of his great-grandson, the right noble Duke of Dorset, now 
Lord-lieutenant of Ireland. — I have lately made a tour for a few 
days, and have seen Mr. Willis's Collection of English Coins ; 
which are very perfect, and in great number j especially . 
amongst his silver, he has a great many scarce pieces. And in 
my ramble have seen those admirable remains of the Arundel 
Collection of marbles, statues, busts, altars, bas-relievos, &c. 
now in the possession of the Lord Pomfret ; with many other 
fine paintings, there and other places. — Mr. Folkes is in Norfolk. 
For his use I borrowed a sitiall piece of gold, a coin of King James 
the First, from Mr. Willis j but still want one small piece more, 
to complete a plate of that King's coin that I am about, (that 
is) a quaiter-piece of gold of King James, with jacob. d. g. 
AKG. SCOT. FR. HiB. REX. Thesc piccps wcrc coined in the very 
bsgmning of his reign. The whole and the half-piece, we have ; 
but want the quarter. The other sceptre pieces have mag. brit. 
Fa. &c. which were struck the succeeding years of his reign. — 
Sir, wishing you all the pleasure of seeing daily improvement in 
your young Academists, that they may cultivate so fine and rare 
an opportunity, and distinguish themselves to the world in a 
nrtuous and eminent degree, that we may both live to see it, 
that you may ha^T the felicity of their grateful acknowledgments, 
is, dear Sir, the hearty wishes of your affectionate and obliged 
humble servant to command, Geo. Vertue.** 

In 1733 Mr. Beaupre Bell mentions Mr. Vertue as " having 
mart business upon his hands than he could dispatch ; and, being 
unacquainted with the abbreviations, &c. found on coins, not 
caring to engage in a work where he may probably err, though 
a greater price was proposed to him than any other engraver 
wodd demand.** (Reliquiae Galeanae, p. 490.) — In 1734 he re- 
newed his journeys through England, and accompanied Roger 
Gale to St Alban*s, Northampton, and Warwick 5 and in 1737 
the Earl of Leicester carried him to Penshurst. His prices for 
portraits at that period may be partly learnt from his answer to a 


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in 1780 ; and a copy of the Work, with Notes by 

question from Dr. Z. Grey, July 19, 1737: '' Mr. West is a gentle- 
man so much my fiiend, that I can't forget easily any recommen- 
dation from him, and on his account (if it was not my own incli- 
nation) I should use every one civily. What you propose to have 
done I can't justly be certain as to the expence of engraving ; 
because for octavo plates, the head only of any person, I have had 
different prices, as the difficulty or labour is more or less. The 
general prices I have had for such works, has been 10 guineas^ 
8 guineas, and 6 the lowest, from pictures, paintings being 
done — ^indeed, when from a pi int bigger or lesser than is already 
engraved, - it may cost a fourth or fifth part less, or near there- 
abouts. In respect to a print, if it be any noted one, I can soon 
send you a certain answer, if you please to let me know your 
intention ) and shall think it no trouble, if you please to direct 
a line as before to. Sir, your respectful servant, G. Vertue." 
At the end of this year he again visited Oxford ; and thence 
went to Compton Vemey, Warwick, Coventry, Birmingham, aiui 
Coleshill, to Mr. Sheldon^s at Weston, to Blenheim, Beacons- 
field, Windsor, and Eton. In 1738 he made a tour through 
Kent, Sussex, and«Hampshii*e, visiting Rochester, Canterbury, 
Cliichester, Portsmouth, Southampton, and Winchester} and 
thence to Petworth, Goodwood, Stansted, and Cowdray, of which 
he made various sketches and notes. He next engaged with Mr. 
Knapton in engi-aving the Illustrious Heads -, and in 1739 ac- 
companied Lord Colerane to Walpdle in Norfolk, who carried him 
toWansted, Moulsham, Gosfield, St. Edmund's Bury, Sir Andrew 
Fountaine's, Houghton, and Lynn. — In 1 740 he published Propo- 
sals for a very \'aluable series of historic prints ; and copied, for the 
Eail of Oxford, Queen Elizabeth's Progress to Hunsdon, most ex- 
actly, in water-colours; and received for it a handsome present in 
plate. He was now at the summit of his humble wishes ; but his 
happiness was suddenly dashed, by the loss of his noble friend 
the Earl, June 16, 1741. " Death," says he emphatically, " put 
an end to that life that had been the support, cherisher, and 
comfort of many, many others, who are left to lament — but 
none more heartily than Vertue !" So struck was the |)oor man 
with this signal misfortune, that for two years there is an hiatus 
in his history — he had not spirits ever to be minute. He re- 
vived in 1743, by the fiivour of the Duke of Norfolk; for whom 
he engraved the laige plate of the Earl of Arundel and his family, 
and collected two volumes of the Works of Hollar. The Countess 
Dowager of Oxford alleviated to hhn the loss of her lord ; their 
daughter the Duch>ss of Portland befriended him ; as did the 
Duke of Portland and the Earl of Burlington; and he, for a very 
short time, found a Royid Patron in Frederick Prince of Wales ; 
who died March 20, 175 i, and whom Vertue most pathetically 
laments. He lost his friends ; but his piety, mildness, and in- 
genuity, never forsook him. He laboured almost to the last, 
solicitous to leave a decent competence to a wife with whom he 
had lived many years in tender hannon^. 

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Mr. Gough, has been transmitted to the Bodleian 

The three following letters to the late Dr. Ducare], now first 
printed from tlie ori^nals, are highly characteristic of the man : 
1. " DEAR SIR, Tuesday, Sept. 4, 1750. 

Some day last week I called at your house in Doctors Com- 
mons^ and was told you were expected in town at the end of the 
week. 1 doubt not Mr. Gale wiih you made your tour to Cam- 
bridge very agreeable 3 and you saw Mr. Burroughs and Dr. 
Taylor } who 1 did write to, and sent a sketch, as. you advised 
(but not a word of answer). The strangest thing is that from 
Clocester, after so long time and i*epeated letters on the account 
of the Cross., That yet (although you have advanced the two 
guineas) after all this, and positive notice of having sent up 
the drawing, that you cannot yet get the sight of it, is surely Iks 
yond all companison of tilings of this nature. To be sure, your 
trouble of writing again, as you intend soon, is absolutely neces* 
sary. I am very much obliged to you fur the particulars of the 
Font at Luton church. I do not remember any thing of that 
kind ; but in Norfolk in some churches stone fonts, with very 
high pinnacle wooden spires, mighty richly adorned and carved ; 
but I do not remember any seats in them that 1 have seen ; there- 
fore a draught of it, with a scale of the dimensions, would be 
very proper, to exhibit its form and manner of structure. In my 
visit to Oxford I met with several friends. The first day there I 
saw Dr. Browne Willis, and parted. He went to the Bishop of 
Oxford*s that day. I was with the President of St. John's ; saw 
Mr. Wise ; and went, with him and another gentleman or two, 
to obsen^e some old buildings, part of the old Christ Church ; 
now said to be remains of the Sa^on structure, by Dean Lyttel- 
ton. Mr. Lethieullter and Mr. Wise are conle into that notion, 
that all such sort of buildings are Saxon, and by them erected, 
before the Gothic order was in use or fashion in these kingdoms ; 
whereas it has long been thought, that there is very little or no 
remains of stone buildings before the Conquest. However, if 
this thought takes pliice, and they can confirm their opinions 
by necessary undeniable proofs, we beyond expectation find ' 
many and multitudes of those sort of buildings mde and unpro* 
portionable in their gates, pillars, and windows, in many parts. 
Some such exactly that the oiher'^day passing by Smithfield, in 
old St. Bartholomew's chiurh, founded it is said by Raherus, 
says John Stow, about 1 10^, near one hundred years after the 
Norman Conquest, in Heniy the Flint's time j jnucb like some 
part of the White Tower, London ; but very diiferent from the 
Temple church, and St. Cuthbert's church, Durham, founded 
soon after the Conquest, and finished about 1 100.- How will it 
be possible to reconcile these tliree sorts of structure ? thos^ (if 
Saxon) before the Normans, — ^the manner of stone buildings they 
brought in use, and continued the first five or six Norman kings' 
reigns, till King Job n or Heniy the Third, — when it is mostly agreed 
that the stately Gothic manner took plape in most parts of these 
Western kingdoms ? Buttime^ and just dimensions and compa- ^i 

risons y 


A new Edition of Mr. JHurd's Commentar}'^ on 
Horace's " Epistola ad Augustum," &c. 8vo. 

lisons by curious Antiquaries, will most likely ascertain these 
yet unfixed discoveries. It is something strange that, after so 
strict enquiries, so many ways, and by friends acquainted with 
books, that this small book gives an account of a most antient 
structure of large stones, elevated in a huge circle, mortized and 
tenanted overthwart each other as those at Stonehen^, still 
remaining in Frizeland, and described in a printed account, 
with the figure thereof, by . . . ftcart, a Cleigyman living there, 
by .this pamphlet, quarto, dated 1601. In this book he says, 
from the best inquuies he could make are said to have been 
erected by the Heathen Saxons, who came through that country 
Conquerors, in their way to England, where he heard they had 
erected such another monument on S^disbury plain. I had 
almost, being in haste, forgot to mention that ]Vfr. Wife's brother 
is dead, and was, not long before I came to Oxfoixl, buried. I 
dined one day with Dr. Gregory, canon of Christ Church, when it 
was resolved to fit up and finish the library in Christ Church. 
Also the same workmen had orders from the Vice-chancellor to 
finish the middle of the Picture gallery, where the statue of the 
Earl of Pembroke is, to place there Mr. Willis's cabinet of coins. 
I should have had more pleasure, and of news to tell you, but I 
was detained several days waiting for the Vice-chancellor ; who 
was not at Oxford when I came -, which prevented my intention 
of sparing two or thi'ee days to wait on SirQement at Rousham, 
and once more to have seen that pleasant seat and fine collection. 

Geo. Vertue.'* 

2. '' DEAR SIR, ■ August thefirst, 1754. 

I mentioned to you, when last I had the pleasure of seeing you 
at my house, tliat I had a pictui-e of King Edward the Sixth ; 
which having found, and cleaned up with the frame, I have sent 
to you* if you like it. I think it may be worth half a guinea. At 
least I \vill take half a ci'ovvn less, of you, if you please. Your 
obliged humble servant and friend to command, Geo. Vbbtue. 

" Mrs. Duplessis sent to me, to pay me Lord Colerane's le- 
gacy \9,0l. for mourning] ; which I liave received of her." 

3. ** DEAR SIR, VrBdwesday , Sept. 4, 1754. 
'*This, I hope, will find you well, wishing some opportimity 

at your leisure of seeing you this vacation ; and to shew you 
a paper relating to the History of the Savoy House and Hos- 
pital in the Strand -, and concerning its dissolution, in the 
year 1702, by a process of the Lord Chancellor, with the several 
boctora of the Commons 3 which is the reason I offer it to your 
perusal, if itbe agreeable to you ; if not, it may be considered 
whether a copy of it will be useful for the explanatory note to 
those prints of the Society's done of the Savoy ; more especially 
if it will engage your curiosity to see it, and what therein ig 
mentioned of the Doctors in Commons that personally attended 
tliat Commission. 1 am yet so lame^ by weakness in my legs, that 

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" The Principles of Natural and Revealed Reli- 
gion occasionally opened and explained; in a course 

I cannot go abroad. Mr. North was in town ; and last week ke 
was with me, and returned my MS. concerning the former Anti- 
quary Society. This, with hearty respects and best wishes, is 
presented from. Sir, your obliged friend, &c. Geo. Vertue." 
Tlie death of his last patron, Frederick Prince of Wales, 
and a declining state of health, put a period, in 1756, to a life 
of unremitted industry and zeal for tracing out and preserving 
British Antiquities. He was buried in the Cloisters of Westmin- 
ster Abbey, where a marble monument is thus inscribed : 

'' Here lies the body of Gborge Vertue, 

late Engraver, 
and Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. ' 

He was bom in London, 1684 ; 
and departed this life on the 24th of July, 1756. 
With manners gentle, and a grateful heart. 
And all the genius of the graphic art } 
His fame will^ach succee^ng artist own, 
Longer by far than monuments of stone.'* 

Vertue applied himself so much to Portrait-engraving that we 
have upwards of 500 portraits by him. Yet Mr. Gilpin, in his 
" Essay upon Prints," says, that " he was an excellent Antiquarian, 
but no Artist ; he copied, with painful exactness, in a dry, dis- 
agreeable manner, without force or freedom : in his whole col- 
lection of heads we can scarce pick out half a dozen which are 
good." The foregoing remark (which appeared in my former 
edition) produced soon after the following letter from an inge- 
nious friend : 

" SIR, Jugust 1, 178^, 

Mr. Gilpin asserts, that 'Vertue the Portrait-engraver was no 
Artbt ; that he copied with painful exactness, in a dry disagiee- 
ahle mannei*, without force or freedom/ ^r. The knowledge 
(I think) I have of the Arts, and the respect I possess for the 
memory of Mr. Vertue, forces me to think, that Mr. Gilpin has 
'stretched the bow-string with too tense a hand. *Tis true, that 
his Engravings from the pictures of the Holbeins want force and 
retief J but this cannot reflect discredit on the Artist, the origi- 
nals being singularly defective in those particulars. *Tjs not 
from the Artist's worst performance that judicious critics frame 
a criterion : (to speak with the Poet) they 

" eaU our merits forth. 
And give each deed th' exact intrinsic worth." 
1 believe, if the reverend gentleman haii attended more closely^ 
to those engravings of Mr. Vertue copied from Kneller, and 
others more modem, he would acknowledge Vertue to possess 
inerit as an Artist in the graphic line. I send herewith a speci- 
ifien, which I beg of you^to accept 5 and hope I ^0 not presume 

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of Sermons preached before the Honourable Society 
of Lincoln's Inn, by the Rev. Mr. Warburton, 

in saying the head you receive of Lord Someisf has equal merit 
with that of him engraved by the justly celebrated Houbracken, 
in Birch's Lives. Many more instances I can produce^ but 
wishing not to be tedious, subscribe myself, &c. Tho. Nicholls/* 

Mr.\^ertue would have had more admirei*s as an engraver, if 
his style had been more spiiited. But the Antiquary and the 
Historian, who prefer truth to elegance of design, and correct- 
ness to bold execution, have properly appreciate liis works, and 
have placed that ingenious artist, in point of professional indus- 
try at least, next to his predecessor Hollar, The late Earl of 
Orford (better known as Horace Walpole) was well acquainted 
>vith, and has done justice to his modesty, his industry, his good 
sense, and his piety. After the death of Mr. Vertue, he pur- 
chased his notes and sketches; digested the valuable materi- 
als, which the Artist had got together with great labour and 
expence ; formed them into an interesting '• Historical Cata- 
logue of Engravers -,*" and closed the whole with a copious 
List of Mr. Vertue's Works. , By this means he has offered up a 
grateful tribute to an ingenious countryman, who had done the 
same for that invaluable artist Winceslaus Hollar. — A portrait 
of Mr. Vertue, engraved by T. C'hambers, from a painting taken 
by Mr. Richardson in 1738, is given in LordOrford's fourth quarto 
volume, p. 1 13. Mr. Stevenson of Norwich possesses a spirited head, 
merely a profile, of Mr. Vertue, in chalk, also by Richardson, 1735, 
demy quarto size; also a half-length, octavo size, by himself, 1741, 
slight, but well touched in chalk, holding a miniature of the £arl 
of Oxford, sitting in a library, before a table, on which are prints, 
coins, and medals, palate and pencils, engraving tools, &c. Charles 
the First*s bust over the chimney-piece, and in a little ornamental 
compartment " Honor alit artes ;" face three-quarters j which, 
with tlie before-mentioned sketch of Friar Bacon (p. 249), may 
probably hereafter be given to the publick. 

Mr. Vertue's books, prints, and drawings, were sold by auc- 
tion in March 17^7 ; as were his pictures, models, plaster and 
wax impressions, limnings, coins, and medals, in May the same 
year. Among the MSS. which were purchased by Mr. Walpole 
was one entire volume on English Coins. His widow Margaret 
presented the Society of Antiquaries with a number of his plates 
of English Antiquities ; and they purchased of her his large his- 
toric plates, all which they have republished. Mrs. Vertue died 
March 17, 1770', in her 76th year ; and the remainder of his 
plates and prints were sold by Mr. I^angford in 1776 and 1777. 
Mr. Ford in the Haymarket sold by auction, in 1776, the draw- 
ings of his brother James, who had followed the profession of a 
painter at Bath, where he then died, about 1763. 

f Thii ind Abp. Tillotson are certainly admirable portraits. J. N. 


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Preacher to the Society *. Volume the First -|-," 8vo. 
The second was printed in 1754 (when tfaese Ser- 
mons will be furtner noticed). 

In this year, as an answer to a commission which 
Mr.^Bowyer had undertaken for his friend the Rev. 
Samuel Pegge, he wrote the following Letter ^ : 

* " This reputable piece of preferment/* as Dr. Warburton 
styles it in a letter to Mr. Hurd, March 24, 1763, he had the sa- 
tislaction of obtaining for his friend in a manner highly reputable 
to all parties. ''The salary," says Dr. Warburton, " is only 31^ 
a term, that is, 1^41,-, and the chambers, which let for. 30^. 
Perfaape you would keep the chambers in your own hands. So 
that it reduces it to the 1242. out of which your assistant is to be 
paid, which may amount to 242. or 30/. a year, at half-a-guinea 
a sermon. But it is not the money, which now you do not 
want I but the station, which is the thing. You have commons 
in the hall with the benchers in term-time, which is the only 
time of your residence.'* — " I hope the Preachership may be made 
easy to you by the means I propose. You need not doubt of 
your being liked — as for your liking, when I consider how easily 
you accommodate yourself, I do not doubt of that neither." 
Oct. 9, 1765.— Again, Oct. 31. "What you suspect, Mr.Yorke 
intends to request of you. I received a letter from him by this 
post, in which are these words : It will be an election unanimous ; 
hut as little attentions please, I shall endeavour to prevail upon 
him^ when I have the pleasure of seeing him, to mount timber 
on Sunday, as a compliment to them. — I believe I may be more 
prevalent with you than this great man, though so much yoyr 
friend, when I tell you, that in the very self-same circumstances, 
1 was prevailed upon by Loi^d Mansfield, to mount timber the 
Sunday before the election, as a compliment to them,'* — Again, 
Nov. 14. " I think you are quite right to use your own cham* 
bers. The Benchers, I am sure, will be ver\' ready to make any 
improvements for your acconunodation ; the last lecturer who 
condescended to use them being an Archbishop. Mr. Yorke may 
be right in your not being too punctilious about sermons, at first. 
But take care not to accustom them to works of supererogation; 
for, as puritanical as they are, they have a great hankering 
after that Popish doctrine." 

t In a prefetory inscription to the worshipful Masters of the 
]Bench, Mr. Warburton very handsomely acknowledges his obli- 
gations for the honour done him, at the last vacancy, on the 
generous oflfer of the Preachership of the Society. 

X The Work to which this Letter alludes was afterwards en- 
larged, and published in 1756, in 4to, under the title of " A 
Series of Dissertations on some elegant and very valuable Anglo- 
Saxon Remains. 1. A Gold Coin in the Pembi*ochian Cabinet, 
in a Letter to Martin Folkes, Esq. late President of the Royal 
Society and Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries [dated God* 


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REV. SIR, March 10, 1753. 

You w^it with impatience to hear the result of 
the Society's dehberations concerning your book. 
Dr. Ducarel moved for its being printed ; but was 
soon over-ruled, it being observed, that if they 
printed any one book, many would be soon offered 
them, and they should be under a necessity of dis- 
obliging some by a partial refusal. They came, 
therefore, to a noble resolution to print none. Dr. 
Squire *, who was present, said handsome things of 
you, that he doubted not but your Work would be 
a credit to the Society ; but he was strong against 
opening the door for solicitors for the press. I sup- 
pose they will confine themsekes to their own 
works ; viz. some piictures, and a list of names ; a 
copy of somewhat dug out of the earth, any where 
but from the closet of the brain. 

I have corrected in your MS. the passage you 
speak of. You had penned your compliment to 
Mr. Casley' \i\ other words ; viz. hy the favour of 
my much esteemed friend Mr. Cdsley. But, that 
no punctilio might be lost, 1 have added, of the 
LEARNED and my muchy &c. 

I have desired Bathurst-j* to send you tlie Causes of 
the Declension of tlie Roman Empire ; , to which 
I wrote a Preface, which may serve for any book, 
and was at first only designed to lengthen this* But 
1 had no concern in the Translation, and no property 
in the Book. However, if you see any mistakes in 

mersham, 1751]. 2. A Silver Coin in the Possession of Mr. 
John White [dated Whittington, 1751]. 3. A Gold Coin in the 
Possession of Mr. Simpson, of liucoln, in a Letter to Mr. Ver- 
tuc [dated Godmei-shiun, '1751]. 4. A Jetvel in the Bodleian- 
Library [no place or date]. 5. Second Thonglits on LordPem* 
broke's Coin, in a Letter to Mr. Ames, Secret aiy to the Society 
of Antiquftries [dated Whittini^on, 1755]." — ^lliese Dissertations 
are prefaced by a question, candidly debated witli the Rev. George 
North, *' Whether the Saxons c(4iied any Gold ?*' 

* Afterwards Bishop of St. David's. 

t Mr, Charles Bathiirst, succc S5f)r to Benjamin Motte, and 
many years an eminent booksolkr in Fleet-street, opposite 
St. Dunstan's church. He died July'21, 178G, aged 77. 


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J rssO tttB ztGtentmti cestvm. 557 

thePrefece, I should be glad to be informed of them, 
only for Truth's sake. Nay, you shall see I will 
provoke you to it. 

I think then in your copy, p. 16, you are a ttttle 
confused in your ideas ; or, as Mr. Warburton would 
say, you write with less precision than you ought: 
^'The coin Nova Cohnia^f^erolatnium, &c. [some 
corrections are then freely pointed out ; ana Mr. 

To return to our subject. All that I propose to • 
be altered is, that when you have proved these sup- 
posed Saxon coins to be struck in a Roman colony, 
you will not call them British, or look on them as 
any marks of British Poicer, though they may 
have the head of one who was sometime an inde- 
pendent British king. They brought them over, 
and had instrumenta servituiis etiam et reges. 
You have restored the true reading, I doubt not, 
to several of the Saxon coins ; and, when your work 
\^ printed, we shall soon have many more. But I 
will answer for it, you will never have any light 
from the Society as a Corporate Body. Some of 
you are distracted with Fellowships and a Feather ; 
and others have designs which are impenetrable to 
me. I am. Sir, &c. w . Bowter. 

A short time after, a second letter runs thus : 

" DEAR SIR, May 16, 175S. 

'^ Mr. Vertue is got abroad again ; but, if I may 
speak my own mind privately, has so many different 
prsuits to go through in the latter part of life, that 
It will be some time before he will accomplish your 
plate, even when he goes about it. Vou have 
opened your plan too fast, to too many persons at 
once. The undertaker of the work only should 
have directed the engraver. If you are so, you are 
itill right, and only direct Mr. Vertue what he is to 
do. Time will be lost in goin^ to Dr. Mead, Dr. 
Ducarel, &c. The expence of it, he says, he can- 
not tell, before he has engraved the whole. The 
cheapest way will be, undoubtedly, to make all the 

VcMu II. S coi^s 

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S58 LITERARY AK£CPOT£S or [l753» 

coins in one plate, as you have drawn them ; and 
let it come as an ornament in the first page. So 
much for workmanship. I have a word or two still 
on the whole design. ^ A View of the antient and 
present state of the Anglo-Saxon Coins in the Cotton 
Library/ is too narrow a scheme, A very little 
trouble will enlarge it. Make it ^ A Catalogue of 
all the Saxon Coins which havQ hitherto been disco^ 
vered, now first placed in the order of time ; shew- 
ing the Errors of Camden, Speed, Selden, and Sir 
Andrew Fontaine *, and othei;s, who have ascribed 
many of them to wrong Kings. In which is laid 
ii»pen a general View of the antient and present 
State of the Anglo-Saxon Coins in the Cotton Li- 
brary ; and a Plan for a more enlarged Treatise on 
this Subject.* 

"You say, * A Plan is interwoven for re-engraving 
Sir Andrew Fontaine's Tables." His. plan is .so bad, 
that it. does not deserve that honour: (l) because he 
ranges them alphabetically, not according to the 
order of time ; (2) because, except the last plate, 1 
think, he makes them all of one size. Now, you 
might give one general Catalogue in order of iime,> 
ana prefix in it an asterisk to those now remaining 
in the Cotton Library ; or you may refer to each 
'coin, where it is to be seen, tj/pe or original; as, 
Cotf. SirA.F. 8^c. Doubts and disputes will arise 
about the true reusing; but follow others where 
you have not grounds for correction. Your express- 
ing the difierent weight is .quite right, and will da 
more to getting at the true knowledge of the Saxon 
money, than any thing. Mr. Clarke's Work -f* (which 
he-will never publish in his life-time) will shew all 
hitherto have writ like diildren on this subject. 
His business is, to trace the pn^ress of the weights 
and pounds into our Nation, and to distinguish the 
several species of coins ; yours is chiefly with the 
legends. He mentioned, however, his conjecture of 

* Of whom. Bee vol. V. p. 253. 
t On Coins 5 see vol. IV. p. 367. 


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Audulfus, which he reads thus, ADVLFIVS PRIw- 
ceps Slgeberti ^epos. Sigebert was a man of that 
consequence whom Aduljius might be proud to 
own his relation to, as the Roman Emperors did to 
Augustus. He was Nepos just as Suetonius says 
Julius Caesar was Avunculus to Augustus. This I 
submit to you, as a reading not yet Iiit on ; though 
you offer some reasons inconsistent with it. 

*' I find some of our worthy Society have got it in 
their heads that your Plan is wrong. I do not find 
they can tell me in what. But this is the eflfect of 
maioncr a thing too common in MS. 

" The summer is the time for gettin^your^book 
through, so as to publish it in winter. To forward 
it, since you have applied to Mr. Vertue, I would 
advise you to direct him to engrave a plate as a 
head-piece to a quarto page, only to place the coins 
closer than you have drawn them. You will direct 
him to take them from the books you refer to. I 
don't apprehend this need cost above three guineas *. 
And that expence, I believe, you will venture, what- 
ever comes of the work, printed or not. If you can 
draw up one general Catalogue^ as I have proposed,^ 
which need not increase the book above two sheets, 
I should like it much better, and think the publick 
would likewise. I am. Sir, your most obliged 
friend and servant, W. Bowver." 

" " P.S. I refer to you to giye in writing at once fall 
and plain directions about engraving to Vertue, to 
save myself the trouble of going to and fro ; which, 
in my wretched business, I have very little time fov : 
and I find engravers in general blunder infinitely 
worse than printers. I have added to your copy the 
citations from Smith's Life of Sir Robert Cotton ; 
but they are too long to come on the back of the 
title. 1 ou must add a leaf of preface or introduc- 

* Mr. Vertue was extremely moderate in has prices j tee pp. 247* 

8 2 1754. 

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With a view to exonerate himself from fatigue *, 
he entered into a treaty for a partnershio with 
Mr. James Emonson (a near relation) and Mr. C. 
Spens^ at that time a corrector of the press^ and 
afterwards editor of Lloyd's Evening Post-f. In 
consequence, however, of some disagreements not 
material to mention, this connexion was not of long 
subsistence:};; and I shall, therefore, pursue the 
History of Mr. Bowyer*s press. 

The Second Volume of " The Works of Virgil, in 
Latin and English; the original Text correctly 
printed from the most authentic Editions, collated 
for this purpose; the ^neid, translated by the 
Rev. Mr. Christopher Pitt§; the Eclogues and 

* Having taken on this occasion a house in Great Kirby* 
street, Hatton Garden -, Mr. Garke says, '^ I wish Mrs. Bowyer 
joy of escaping into a freer and sweeter air. She must read 
Cowley's Poem on Gardening with ten times the pleasure, when 
8h« sees her own works blooming round her. I wish I could 
send lier a rood or two that here lies almost neglected. How it 
would flourish in hex hands !'* 

t Tripartite articles of partnership were drawn up, and printed } 

Sthe proposals went off as &r as Mr. Spens was interested, 
: with Mr. Emonson the engagement took place. 

X On their separation, in July 1757« Mr. Emonson opened H 
printing-office in St. John's square, with a new evening paper, 
under the title of *' Lloyd's Evening Post." After carrying on 
business with reputation more than twenty years, having sur«- 
vived an only son (see Gent Mag« 1809, vol. LXXIX. p. 917), he 
retired with an easy competence, and died June 6, 1780. 

§ Christopher Pitt (son of Robert Pitt, M.D.) was born at Bland- 
foni, in Dorsetshire, in 1699^ educated at Winchester school, 1714; 
removed to New college, 1719; chosen Poetry Professor in 1729; 
M. A. 1724. He was one of the most eminent poets of his time, and 
published a volume of Juvenile Poems on sevei-al Occasions, 1727» 
8vo 5 a Translation of Vida's Art of Poetry, 12mo ; and of Viigil's 
Mmds, 2 vols, 1740, 8vo and 12mo. On his removal to New cdL* 
lege, he pnesented to the electors a complete Version of Lucan's 
Poem, which he did not know had been translated by Rowe. 
The suppression of such a work of early diligence is to be re- 
gretted* If we compare his translation of the ^neid with that 
of Dryden, perhaps the result would be that Dryden leads the 
rea4^ forward by his great vigour ;md sprightAQeas, and Htt 


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1754.] THE £I6IlTB£lfTH CENTURT. »6l 

GeoTgicSf with Notes on the whole^ hy the Rev. Mn 
Josepti Warton * ; with several new Dissertations, 
by Mr. Holdisworth^, Mr. Spence;}:, and others. 
Also a Dissertation on the Sixth Book of the iEneid, 

often stops to contemplate the excellence of a single couplet } 
that Dryden*s faults are foi^tten in the hurry of delight, and 
that PStt*s beauties ai^e neglected in the huny of a cold and listless 
perusal; that Pitt pleases the critics^ and Dryden the people; 
tbat Pitt IS quoted, and Dryden read. 

On a monument at Blandford, Mr. Pitt has thus preserve the 
memory of his parents, and of an, elder brother : 

" Sub hoc marmore requiescit 

ElizabethaHtt, Christophori Pitt, M.D. 

Conjux dilectissima ac pientissima; 

Ob t^cesimo %^o die Octobris, 1743, ^t, ann. 69. 


conduntur exuviae Christophori fttt, M.D. 

quem mlra in arte mectidi sagacitas, 

minis animi candor 

summis mentis, summ^ modesti^L cop^uncta^ 

cunctis, quibus aut opitulatus est, aut innotui^ 

charum ac desideratum reddidere. 
Ob. Aug, die S^o, A.D. 1728, aetat. anno ^1. 
Juxta etiam conditus est Robertus Pitt, A.M. 

iilius eorum natu maximus, 

parochise de Ower Moigne in hoc comitatu 

roctor dignissimus, 

ob Ap. die vicesimo sexto, 1730, »t. anno 37* 

Ye sacred spirits, while your friends distrest 

Weep o*er your ashes, and lament the blest. 

Oh ! let the pensive Muse vMcrihe your stone. 

And with the general sorrows mix her own || ; 

The pensive Muse, who, from this mournAd hour. 

Shall raise the voice, and wake the string, no more. 

Of love, of duty, this last pledge receive ^ 

*T)s alia brother, all a son, can gwe"' 

On a very small tohib his own death is thus recordsd : 

'*Inmemory ofCHR. Pitt, derk, M.A* 

very eminent for his talents in Pbetiy, > 

and yet more for the candour of his mind, 

and the primitive simplicity of his manners. 

He lived innocent, and died beloved, 

April 16, 1748, aged 48.*' 

* See the " Essays and Illustrations'* in vol. VI. No. ip. 
t See under the year 1768. $ See under the year 1761. 

U The hro fines hi Italkt are a very cloto imitati<m of Pope's epitaph on 
the Hmu Sinon Harcourt ; and the ooncludisg line^ of that on the Hon. Robeit 
IKgby and bis sister Mary. 

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S62 ' LltERART ANECDOTES OF [l 754. 

by Mr. Walrbwton * ; on the Shield of -3Eneag, by 
Mr. W. Whitehead -f-; on the Character of lapis, by 
the late Dr. Atterbuiy, Bishop of Rochester f; and 
three Essays, on Pastoral, Didactic^ and Epic Foetiy,* 
by the Editor." This original production of a bright 
galaxy of genius was handsomely printed in four 
octavo volumes. 

. '' The Life of Pope Sixtus the Fifth ^ (one of the 
most remarkable and entertaining Lives that is to 
be met with in Antient or Modern History); iu 
which is included tlie State of England, trance, 
Spain, Italy, the Swiss Cantons, Germany, Poland, 
Russia, Sweden, and the Low Countries, at that 
time ; with an Account of St. Peter'?, the Conclave, 
and Marnier of choosing a^Pope: the Vatican Li- 
brary, the many grand Obelisks, Aqueducts, Bridges, 
Hospitals, Palaces, Streets, Towns, and other noble 
Edifices, begun or finished by him. The whole 
interspersed with several curious Incidents and 
Anecdotes, not to ]je njet with in any other Author, 
Translated from the Italian of Gregorio Leti, with 
a Preface, Prolegomena, Notes, and Appendix, by 
Ellis Farneworth j], MA. some time of Jesus College, 

* ''Dodsley*s Editors intended to fritter my Discourse on 
Virgils Sixth Book into Notes, which I could not hinder but by 
allowing them to transcribe it entire. But I have done like 
common offenders when tlicy are taken, impeached my friends 
and accomplices. 1 have diseovertd to them where two exceDent 
notes are liid, on a passage in the third G«>rgic ; which they 
have sei/ed upon with gi'eat eagerness. Tlie truth of the matter 
IB, 1 suppose this edition of Vii-gil will be but a galliinaufry 
(from one concerned in the direction of it, Spence, who is an 
extreme poor creature, atid ha&met hi^ reward, as all such do) ; 
and I was wilUiig to have you in with me. to keep me in coun-> 
tenance/* Dr. Harburton to Mr. Hard, May W, 1752. 

t See under the year 1774. 

$ See Bp. Atterbuiy'* '• Epistokry Correspoodenoe, 1790/' 
vol. 11. p. 428. 

§ An anomTnous translation of this valuable work had been 
printed in 8vo, 1704. 

II " It would be un^tefid in me here to omit my thanks to 
the Printer, to whom I am much obliged for many useful hints 
in the prosecution of this work> and for the care he has taken 
in the typo^^phical part of it." Auihor^s Pre/oee.— See an ac- 
Ciii^nt of JVlr. Farneworth under the year 176?. 

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Cambridge, and Chaplain to several of his Majesty's 
» Ships during the late War/* folio. 

A new Edition of " Ecton*s Thesaurus,** improved 
by Browne Willis, esc[. 4to. 

" The Dignity of Human Nature *, or, the 
Means to attain the true End of our Existence,'^ 
hy Mr. Burgli -f-, 4to. 

* Of tLk Tolume, 35 copies were printed on fine paper. 

t 'I^ifi ingenious Moral and Political Writer was bom in 
Pfertbshire^ in 1714. His father was minister of the pariifU} 
and his mother was aunt to the famous Dr. Robertson. He was 
educated in his native vilbge -, and| being a lad of sprightlj 
parts, was removed to the University of SL Andrew with a view 
to tlie Seottisli Church ; but^ being obliged to leave college from 
iU healthy and having liad some money bequeathed to him, he en-* 
gaged in the linen tirade ; in which he proved unfortunate. I have 
good grounds for asserting, that> on his coming to LondcHi^ ond 
of his first employments .was, to correct the press for Mr. Bow- 
yer, and occasionally to compile indexes. This paiticukr cir- 
cumstance Dr. Kippis glosses over, as if the employment hatf 
been degrading. '* He was engaged In this way/* we are told, 
'^ about a year.'* llie connexion was of longer duration : but 
the exact time is of little consequence ; and 1 only mention it aa 
a circumstance not in any way disreputable or disadvantageous to 
Mr. Buj-e^b. On the contrary, he was introduced by it to some 
respectable friends, who were highly semceable to him in his 
future planb of life j particularly to Mr. Onflow, then Speaker 
of the House of Common:^, whom he not unfrequently attended 
with the proof-sheet of the Votes. On quitting Mr, Bowyer, he 
became an assistant in the Free Grammai* School at Mariow ; 
where he was the author, at the beginning of 1746, of'' Britain's 
Remembrancer.** Of this pami)hlet, in less tlian two years, fi\iB 
large editions were sc^d in England ; and it was reprinted in 
Scotland, Ireland, and America. It was ascribed to sundi*]^ 
Bishops } quoted both by the Cler^ and Dissenting Ministers in 
their pulpits^ and universally allowed to be a seasonable and, 
useful tract. Mr. Barker, an eminent Dissenting minister, spoke 
highly of it in one of his Sermons, and publicly thanked the.a,uthor^ 
though unknown, for so seasoifiablo and useful a publication. A. 
sixth edition was published in 1766, for Gwrge Freer, in Bell- 
Yard, Temple Bai-. In the pre&ce to "Youth's Friendly Moni* 
tor,** Mr. Bui^h sayi, '* that a series of misfortunes in the early 
part of life had determined him to bring his uiind to retirement 
and a very moderate income.** He veiy soon exchanged Mariow 
for a similar situation with Mr. Kinross of Enfield; and in 1747", 
opened an academyJximself at Stoke JVewington ; and published, 
in that year " Thoughts on Education.** His next work was '* An 
Hymn to the Creator of the Woiid>*' to which was added> in prose,,, 
" An Idea of the Q:cator, from lijs Works /* a second edition of 

which . 

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/^ Ab; Bn^yiify into Patriarchal and Druidical 
Religion^ Temples^ &c. being the Substance of some 

which appeared in 1750. The boiiae at Newington not bdnr 
laiee enough for the number of his scholars, Mr. Bui^h r^noved 
to Newinffton Green, in 1750 5 where for many years he con- 
ducted his school with great reputation and sucoeis^ In 1751 
he married Mrs. Harding, a widow lady, an excellent waman^ 
and an able manager in his domestic arrangements. In that 
year, at the request of Bp. Hayter and Dr. Hales, he published 
" A Warning to Dram Drinkers." By his next production, 
" The Dignity of Human Nature," (published in April 1754, 
and inscribed to the Princess Dowager of Wales, whose " gra* 
cious condescension voluntarily shewn to the author on vari* 
ous occasions'* is gratefully acknowledged) he acquired much 
reputation as a writer. He printed likewise, for the use of his 
pupils, "DirAjtions, prudential, moral, religious, and scientific;" 
which were piiated by a book^Uer, and sold under the title of ^ 
*' Youth's Friendly Monitor." In 1756 this work was publ^hed by 
himself in 12mo; and in the conchision of an address to the reader, 
p.xii, he says, " The character of an author is not what 1 aim at j 
that of a fidthful educator of youth is my utmost ambition. I 
have never taken the pen in hand but when I have been desired or 
prompted to it 3 and if I have got ten pounds by all I have pub- 
lished, 1 have got a thousand. 1 have given an account above of 
aome of the writings which have been drawn firom me ; and how 
I came to trouble the publick with them j and the case is the 
very same with the others ; as, one or two small tracts on the . 
destructive gricA'ance of low-priced spirituous liquors, published 
at the time when that afK'air was imder consideration in par- 
liament ; a sort of Paraphi'ase in verse on the civth Psalm, to 
which were added a few papers in prose, intituled, * An Idea of 
the Creator from his Works,* which v^as printed for the benefit 
of an orphan, and raised him a very pretty sum ; and some pe- 
riodical moral essays in the papers, of which I did not, when I 
projected the design, imagine that any considerable weight 
would be left upon me. lam sorry it is so necessary for me to 
declare, in this public manner, that my own employment is my 
supreme pursuit, and that it is not an itch of scribbling that has 
occasioned my being so often in the press ; but that I have been 
partly drawn and partly dragged into it ; and that now I have 
reason to hope I have nearly done with that most irksome and 
unprofitable labour.'* The full title of this edition was? " Youth's 
Friendly Monitor^ being a set of Directions, prudential, moral, 
religious, and scientific -, firet drawn up for a Farewell Present by 
tlie Master of an Academy near London, to his Pupils on their 
removing from under his Care. To which 2s prefixed, an Account 
of the extraordinary Proceedtegs of some Persons, which occasi- 
oned the Publication of this Tract, contrary to the Author's ori- 
ginal Intentions 3 together with llieophilus, a Character worthy 
of Imitation." A thousand copies had been printed abcmt t lie 


Digitized by 



lietters to Sir Hildebrand Jacob, Bart, wherein the 
Primaeval Institution and Universality of the Chris- 
year 1753>,for the purpose of distributing them among his pupils > 
and some of them, by ttve desire of Dr. Hales, were presentai to 
Dr. Hayter, then Bishop of Norwich, for the use of the younger 
part of the ohildi-en of the Princess Dowager of Wales ; which, 
aays Mr. Burgh, " was what gave occasion firet to my being taken 
notice of by that most amiable and illustrious Piincess, in a 
manner far enough above wiial I could have thought of or ex- 
pected." In 17'>8 he printed a pamphlet under the title of 
*' Political Speculations ;" and the same year " The Ratio- 
nale of Chri::tianity/* though he did not publbh this last till 
1760 ; when he printed a kind of Utopian Romance, intituled^ 
•* An Account of the First Settlement, Laws, Form of Govern- 
ment, and Pohce, of the Cessarcs, a People of South Amenca j 
hi Nine Letters, fix>m Mr. Vander Neck, one of the Senators of 
the Nation, to his Friend in Holland, with Notes by the Edi* 
tor," Svo. In 17 (#2 he published **The Art of Siieakingj*' a 
very useful book in schools, which has passed through several 
editions ^ and in 1766 appeared an excellent volume in ISmo, 
under the title of Crito j or Essays on various Subjects, dedi« 
cated " To the Right Rev. Father in God (of three years old) hisi 
Royal Highness Freikrick Biahop of Osnaburgh ,'* and a second 
Tolume of the same work in 1767 ; in which year a new edition 
of " Tlie Dignity of Human Nature" appeared, in 2 vols, 8vo, 
Mr. Burgh wrote " Proposals (humbly offered to the publick) for 
an Association against the iniquitous Practices of Engrossers^ 
Forestallers, Jobbers, &c. and for reducing the Price of Provi* 
dons, especially Butchers Meat, 1/66," 8vo. Having for many 
years led a very laborious life, and having acquired a competent 
though not a large fortune, Mr. Burgh, determined to retire 
from business. In embracing this resolution it was by no means 
ids intention to be unemployed. What he hail particularly in 
eontemplation was, to complete a woiii, for which he had during 
ten years been collecting suitable materials. On quitting hiB 
school at Newington Green, which was in 1771, he settled in 
Colebrook Row, Ishngton ; where he continued till his decease. 
He had not been long in his new hov^se, before he became con- 
vinced (of what was only suspected before) that he had a dread- 
ful malady, the stone, which afflicted him for the last four years 
of his life. Yet, to the astonishment of his friends, he went on 
with his literary labours, and in January 1773 aimounced, as 
''shortly to be published, in Svo, the number of volumes expected 
not to exceed 8ix> ' Political Disqubitions, or, an .\ttempt to decide 
the most interestingPolitical Points agitatedin these Times, in order 
to apea the eyes of the People, and enable them to guard against 
their mo6t dangeroas Enemies, viz. Tyrannical Princes, Designing* 
l^GuusterSy Connipt Parliaments^ and False Patriots ; by (ktermin- 
ing, from authentic History, and the Opinions of many of the 
be^t Politicians of various Ages and Nations^ the true Principleg 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


tian Scheme is manifested ; the Principles of the 
Patriarchs and Druids are laid ojien and shewn to 

according to which the Biitlsh Empire ought to be governed, 
and the Deviations from those Principles comimitted by Kings, 
Ministers, or Parliaments ; and by exhibiting Instances of Impo- 
sitions on the People by their pretended Friends, and pointing 
out the disting-uisliing Marks of tine Patriotism/ The work, 
he added, will treat of the following, among other subjects, 
some more, others less copiously, according to their respective 
importance -, viz. Army, Aristocracy, Arts, Associations, Balance 
of Europe, Commons, Cities, Colonies, Corruption, Commerce, 
Com, Continental Connexions, Customs, Coiu*ts-martial, Demo- 
cracy, Duties, Duels, Debts, Dii^afFection, Excise, Education, 
Favourites, Finances, Free Ports, Government, Grievances, 
Histoiy, Hospitals, Heroism, Health, Juries, Juntos, Industry, 
Instructions, Kings, Law, Liberty, Lords, Mannei^, Monarchy,, 
Ministers, Militia, Monopolies, Navy, Nati(inal Prejudices, Pai'Iia- 
ments, Par|y, Politics, Prerog-ative, Privilege, Property, People, 
Poor, Placemen, Pensioners, Priest -craft. Population, Provisions, 
Police, Patriots, Republics, Responsibility, Riot-act, Treaties, 
Union, War, &c. And the Author humbly requests the assist- 
ance of gentlemen who have read extensively on |)olitipks, for 
directing him to any other books, besides the following (from 
which the materials of the work will be extracted) in which he 
may find useful hints for the improvement of his plan. Genuine 
Pp.rliararntaiy Speeches will be very acceptable." [Then follow 
a long list of Authors which he had studied for that express pur- 
pose.] The two first volumes of this work wf re published in 1 774, 
and a third in 177J5, under the shortened title of " Political Dis- 
quisitions j or, An Enquiry into Public Errors, Defects, and 
Abuses, lllustjatcd by, iind ctlablii-hcd upon. Facts and Re- 
marks, extracted from a vaiiely of Authore anti'^nt and modern. 
Calculated to draw the timely Attention of Government and 
People to a due Consideration of the Necessity, and the Means, 
of reforming those Eitoi-s, Defects, and Abuses -, of restoring 
the Constitution, and serving the State." The first volume re- 
lates to Govemn>ent in genei-al 3 the second treats of Places and 
Pensions, the Taxation of the Colonicji, and the Armyj and the 
third considers Manner's." He was prevented ptirsuing the sub- 
ject fiirthcr by the violence of his disease j which carried him off, 
Aug.^G, 1775, in his 61st year. Besides the publications already 
mentioned, and a great variety of manuscripts which he left be- 
hind him, he wrote, in 1753 and 1754, some letters in the 
'"' General Evening Post," called *' The Free Enquirer;" and, in 
1770, a number of papei*s, intituled *'The Constitutionalist,* 
in *' The Gazetteer." About the same time he also published' 
another periodical paper in " The Gazetteer," called '' The 
Colonist^s Advocate." — From a long personal knowledge of Mr. . 
Burgh, I can confirm Dr. Kippis*s assertion — *' that he was a 
man of great piety, integrity, 'and benevolence." He had a 


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Correspond entirely with each other, and both with 
the Doctrines of Christianity ; the earhest Antiqui- 
ties of the British Islands are explained ; and an 
Account given of the Sacred Structures of the 
Druids * particularly the stupendous Works of 
i^hury, Stonehenge, &c. in Wiltshire, are minutely 
described. By William Cooke *, JS/l. A. Rector of 
Oldbury and Didmarton in Gloucestershire, Vicar 
of Enford in Wiltshire, and Chaplain to thu Right 
Honourable the Earl of Suffolk, illustrated with 
Copper Plates ; the Second Edition, with Addi- 
tions;** 4to. 

" An Account of a Spiritual Court Prosecution of 
a certain Bishop against a Clei-gyman of his Dio- 
cese^" gvo. 

warmth of hearty which engaged him to enter heartily into the 
prosecution of any valuable de: i^nj mid his temper was coiumu«s 
nicative and chearfui. Whilst his i*eaith }>erniitU'J, he had great 
pleasure in attending a weekly society o^' some frionds f.o know- 
ledge, virtue, and liberty, among nhiau >veie boveiai persons of 
no small note in the philasophi('ai aud iilcraiy world. He had 
once tlie honour or being iiiuoduced to his present l^iajcity, 
when Prince of Wales, and to the late Piince&s I>t> wager of 
Whales, from whom he met with a most. ^ .xioud r.iception, and 
.with whom he had much dibcomse, on the .<;nbicL-t of cduc'iTion, 
and other topics. — A pa£>:>age in the sercond vbiimie of " Crito," 
p. ^07, illustrates, in soine Je^'ee, the nature of Mr. Burgh'* 
interview witJi the Piincchs Duwagei* of Wale^. 

■* Mr. Cooke dietl at Euford, Feb 25, 17^0, after liavhig en- 
joyed tliat vicarage moro than 40 years. II: published an 
Abridgement of Dr. Stukeley's iitonchcnge and Abury^ Uncturcd 
with Hutcliinsonianism ; and also cii culaied Pi opoo^ls for a work 
which^ having been left in the piiesb at his decease, \*a.^ com- 
pleted by hiS 8on, and publMied in I7H1, under the title of 
" The Mcdallie History of ImwiTaJ Uomt; fm.a the lirst Tri- 
tmivirate, under Pompey, Craasus, and Caxsar, io the »Tnioval t)f 
the Imperial Sent by Con.stantine the Gj e.:t. With -o.vf^ al Mo.ials 
and Coins, accurately copied aiid curiouijly enj^idvoa To wiiich 
is preli.\ed an Introduction, containinj>- a Gfiuenil lI)>itoiy o^^the- 
Roman* Medals, in two volumes. By » V ill iam Cooke, i\i.A. vicar 
of Enford m Wihbhire, and rector of Oldb iiy anu Didmarton in 
Gloucestershire," ^ vols. 4to. ISlr. Cooke viudicavfs Gohzius 
from the cliarge bi-ought ajainst him by Puthi, that no man 
bad seen one-third of the coins exhibited by him j but the merit 
of the work is greatly lessened by the want of new and correct 
engravings of the coins, which are for the most part taken from 
tbe Pembroke collection. . 

Digitized by 



Dr, Richard Gre3^s * Translation of Mr. Hawkins 
Browne's poem " Dc Animi Immortalitate/ 4to. 

" Queries to the Gentlemen of Great Britain,*' by 
the Society of Antiquaries *|*. 

A Second t Volume of Mr. Warburton's " Sermons 
at Lincoln's inn § ;** with "An Appendix, contain- 

* Of whom see some account in vol. I. p. 425 ; towhichtha 
fbUowing particulars may be added. He was matriculated June 
90, 1712 J son of John Grey of Newcastle (fil. pleb.) aetat. 16 j 
•rdained deacon May 1, 1719. Mr. Richard Grey became B. A« 
Qfay 15^ 1716. Kilncote rectory was given him by Lord WUi^ 
loughby de Brooke. In Sept. 1746 he was appointed commissaiy 
of the archdeaconry of Leicester, having bd%>re that time been 
sfficial of the same. The copy of his Sermon for the Northamp- 
ton Infirmary he gave to the Society ; and it was sold^ by direc« 
tion of the Committee, for the benefit of the charity. April 13» 
1742, Dr. Rawlinson received an account of Dr. Grey from him* 
self, for his proposed continuation of the Athene. Raxrl. Ath. 
Ox. 611. — Dr. Bawlinson also mentions '* Tabula exhibens para* 
digmata verborum Hebraicorum,*' &c. (see vol. II. p. 133) in one 
broad sheet, which was published June 20, 1738. 

t See these, enlarged, in the first number of " Bibliotbeca 
Topographica Britannica," printed in the year 1780. 

t A third volume was printed in 1767> but not hy Mr, Bawyer, 
under the title of " Sermons and Discourses on various Skib- 
jects and Occasions, Volume the TWrd, by Dr. William War- 
burton, Lord Bishop of Gloucester.** 

§ See some notice of the fbrmer volume in p. 255. Whilst 
Mr. Bowyer was printing these Sermons, he was also employed 
m a new edition of the first volume of " ITie Divine Legation,** 
and was favoured by the learned Atithor with the following ob- 
jurgatory notes : " May 23, 1752. Sir, I never now-a-<iayB 
send any message that ever I have what I desire complied with« 
The other day I sent for another proof sheet of the Divine Lega«- 
tion, and they sent me a proof of the Sermon. I sent to-day to 
let you know this mistake 5 and my man was told none was com- 
mitted, for a proof of the Divine Legation was sent — In the 
same paper to-day I desired (as plain as I could write) to send 
me all the sheets that were print«l off of the Sermon, and sheet 
H was given to my ser\*ant : and when he said he wanted ali^ 
they told him this was all. In short, they pretend to know 
what I want better than I do myself; and because I have the 
other sheets before, they won*t let me have them again. In 
short, I am tired of sending any message to you 5 for it is sure 
never to be observed. W. W.- Saturday noon, — [No date] " I 
don*t send y<^u the following unmarked gross blunders cf the 
press to upbraid your carelessness, for that I have often done 
without effect j but to shew you what reason I have to take it ill 
of you when I desired you to examine those sheets you never 
sent me : 3 of these 4 blunders are in those sheets. P. xli. L 13, 

gitized by GOO^*^** 



ing Three Sermons preached on the Occasion of the 
late Rebellion jui 1745 ^'y and a Discourse on the 
Nature of the Marriage Union -^j** 8vo J, 

** A View of Lord Bolingbroke's Philosophy §, in 
Two Letters to a Friend,** [by Mr. Warburton] % 
(completed in the following year by two more 
Letters^ and a new edition of these) ; all in 8vo. 

should, far, we ihauldr^to the violation of the sense and grani» 
mar j p. 99» 1. 1^, story, fov, irue ^tory— which likewise obscures 
the whc^ period; p. 262> 1. 6, Br&mus's^ fbr Brenrtus', a Sacrilege 
is here used for Sacrilegus, not SacrUegiumi p. 281, 1.3, offereA^ 
§at, q^oni— hurts the whole sentence/'—'' I desire Mr. Bowyer 
would let me see him. W. M(^ 9, 1754." 

* Lfiige impressions of these were printed separately, by Mr. 
Bowyer, at the time they were preached. See before, pp. 177. 190« 

t At Mr. Allen's chapel, printed also separately. • See p. 190.. 

^ «' I hope to have ^ second volume of Sermons out by the 
middle of next month, and the first volume of Divine Legation soon 
after; so you seel am winding up my bottoms — a ravelled business, 
if my answerers are to be believed* But (to use the expression <^ 
an old faraal Divine of my acquaintance^ who did not, I tnSk 
you, apply it to me, but to a very prudent man. of his 

ttoqiiaintance), I haoe all my ends before me. WaxburtoftCs 
Letters to Hwrd, Sept. 30, 1754. — '' 1 hope to send you the 
second vc^bume of my Sennona vecy soon. There is t>ne, as 
1 told you, on the influence of Learning on Reeelatim. You 
won't much like it ^ for I do not It by no means pleases me. 
I could say nothing to the purpose 3 and when it was too late, 
1 found it was a subject for a volume. 1 like the other Sermon 
on the Marriage union better. It is more simile. But the na« 
ture of the subject gave it this advantage. In my last I hinted 
that you had never laid your thumb oa the Discourse I liked 
best. As I said before, I will give you no directions to guess at 
my meaning j not so mu^h as teU you whether it be in this 
volume." Rid. Oct. 14. — '' I need not tell you how proud I 
am of your approbation ; or, to speak more propjerly, of your 
partiality for me. To tell you the truth, I did mean the Tkanks'' 
gknng Sermon, Though I shall readily own myself mistaken, 
now 3rott are of another opinion." Ibid. Oct. 24. — ''You disap-> 
pointed me in reading thi^ imperfect first edition of the Thanks- 
giving Sermon. However, you are right, the other is to be 
piefened for the happy disposition of the subject." Ibid. Oct. 28. 
—See also several other letters on the subject of the Sermons. 

} '' I shall l(Hig to hear that you have put the last hand to the 
View of Bdingbroke. If ever you write above yourself, it is 
when your zeal for Truth and Religion animates you to expose 
the ignoranoe of foolish men." Mr. Hurd to Dr. Warburton, 
Jvily 2, 1754.—'' As to my ' View of Bolingfaroke,' it is divided 
into four Letters. The first on hi^ Temper, the secoQ4 on his 


Digitized by 



An unpublished Criticism on this performance 
was written by Mr. Bowyer, with an intention of 

E reserving it in the pages of Mr. Urban, which sh^l 
e given below*. 

Principles, the third and fourth on his Talents. The two first, 
which will make about twelve sheets octavo, 1 propose publish- 
ing alone as soon as printed, which will be in three weeks or a 
month. 1 tfU it you in confi(^ence, I am apprehensive of dii- 
|»leafling some by it whom I most honour, and at a critical time. 
Sd that, I solemnly a^^sure you, nothing but the sense of indis- 
pensp^ble duty as a Christian and a Clergyman couki have in- 
dited me to run the hazaixl of doing myself so much ix^jui^'. 
But> jadafuit alea. Ail other considerations are now past with 
me. And let Providence take its course, without any solicitude 
on my part. I keep the thing a ^eeret. But I suppose, amongst 
the perpetual guesses at an anommous author^ my name wiB 
come into the list. You know «o much of my love for first parts, 
that perhaps you will think the two last letters won't appear, or 
that I wait to try how the first will fare. No such matter. I 
go on with the two last, and they will be published c^tit six 
weeks after." Dr, fVarhurton io Mr, Hurd, Sept, 7.—*' Ere thii 
you will see the two first letters of the View published. The 
truth is, I grew a little tired of such a wri(|pr. You will see 
there is a continued apology for the Clergy : yet they will ndther 
love me the more, nor forgive me the sooner, for all I can say 
in their behalf. This I have experienced in a former apology 
for them. I won't tell you where, but kave you to guess, as a 
punishment for the mortification you gave mp for never mention- 
ing once to me a Discourse that 1 most value myself upon. Be- 
fore Botingbroke's Works were published, I but guessed con^ 
oeming his system of the moral attributes from what he dropped 
in one of his published things. For though the first and second 
Essay had been shewn me by Mr. Pope, and afterwards by Mr. 
Yorke, as neither of them put them into my hands, I hayd no 
{furiosity of reading more of them in their's than particular pas- 
sages of another kind whi<?h they shewed me : yet I guessed 
wdl, as you will see by tlie use I make of three quotations from 
the Sermon on God's moral Government." Sept. 80. 

* " When persons cf elevated stations vouchsafe to become 
writers, they must be content to submit themselves to the judg- 
ment of the pubhck. Every reader is thar peer, to condemn or 
acquit them. But it has been the h%i>pines6 of the late Lord Bo- 
Ihogbroke to be tried by a person or eminence ; who, though by 
his function exempt from sitting on him in a cause of blooa> yet 
is, on that account, best entitled ta pass judgment on him in a 
cause of divinity. He has done it in so clear, convincing, and 
candid a manner, that I will venture to lay befoie you, Mr. 
Urban, and the world, some extracts from Lord Bolingbroke's 
lettors, from viiieace you mfiy judge of the equity of t^ Bishop 



?ed by Google 


A neat edition of ^^Anacreon/' in 12mo^ with 
notes which Mr. Bowyer himself collected. 

of Qoglier's sentence. Letter V. p. 18^, first edition. Lord Bo- 
lingbroke, out of pure zeal for Christianity, raises scruples 
against it^ and at the same time declares it as his opinion^ 
Letter V. p.^04, that ' Ciiristianity has been on<#ie decay ever 
since the Resurrection of Letters.' P. 1S5. A new way, on& 
would think* of expressing his zeal for it. But how does he 
prove that Christianity has been on the decay ever since the Re- 
surrection of Letters ? Why by artfully substituting in his proof. 
Popery instead of Christianity. ' The demolition/ says 1^, 'of 
the Pkpal Throne was not attepipted with success, till the begin- 
ning of the sixteenth century.' Bishop of Clogher's Vindication^ 
. p. 2 — 6. — Letter i. p. 6, he declares ' a thorough contempt for 
the whole business of the learned lives of Bochart, Petavius, and 
Usher. Because [forsooth] they made use of such materials as 
they had $ which, it seems, are few, and there is a moi-al impos- 
aibUity they should ever have more.' Thus he recommends an 
enquiiy into antient history, and then declares a contempt of 
those who have already piu^ued such enquiry. Vind. p. 7. — 
Now then let us see what wonders will be discovered under such 
a guide ! He begins (Letter i. p. 8), ' The dynasties of Manetho 
are broken to pieces by Eusebius, and such fragments of them 
'83 suited his dcvsign are stuck into his works. We have, we 
know, no more of them." But, (1) otliers know that there are 
more than what occur in Eusebius ; and, (!2) that Eusebius pro- 
bably never saw Manetho. Vindic. p. 9. — Letter i. p. 10, the 
Chronican> which we owe to Syncellua, he calls the Codex Alex- 
andrinus, a title which the learned liad appropriated to a MS. of 
the Old and Ne^v Testament. This Chi-onicon has been paitly 
followed, and paidy rejected, by Six* John ?vlasnam; a liberty 
which Lord Boliiigbroke thinks not allowable, who itdinits or 
reprobates by wholtjhale. Ibid. — ^The story of the beasts running 
to that part of the Circus where their native soil was laid, and 
the &ble of the letters between Abgai^as and Jesus Christ, ar^ 
twice ciied by Lord Bolingbroke [Letter ii. p. 31 ; and Refiectioufl 
on Exile, p. 240] as from Josephiis, instead of Eusebius. This, 
with others of the like sort, are pardonable errors, no doubt ^ 
but it is to be obser^ed^ tliat Lord Bolingbroke's fbrn* first Let- 
teis were printed in his life-time, and distributed to his learned 
friends for their correction, though he still professes to cite 
by memory, to give them the air of a slight cursory peiiorm- 
ance. Vindic. p. 1% 13. — i would farther observe, in ;i?i extem- 
porary Speech before the House of Lords, those txpi^ Uvcs; If 
I remember rights If I am not mistaken, &c. tui«3 i.avo. their 
grace, because they express an unwUlingnes.s in tne spei'ker to 
deceive the audience ; but in writing, wliere books oan be come 
at, and every particular ascertained, tliat seeming difhdence is 
no longer a beauty, but a mark of self-co\nplacency, and an air 
gf being cap^rior to the reader, 1 mention thi^ the rather^ be- 

Digitized by 



<^ Poll for the County of Hertford;* 8vo. 

cause I see this flower of speech coming into Sermons preached 
before one of the Honourable House3.---Letter lii. p. &Z, Lord Bo* 
lingbroke tells us> from Pliny^ that Berosus pretended to give a 
History of 480 years before his time; whereas Berosus wrote a 
History of abd^e 1700 years. What then is the case? Why Pliny 
■ays^ Berosus informs us, that the Babylonians were in possession 
of astronomical observations above 4S0 years. And what is this 
to his pretending to ^ve a history of that period ? Vind. p. 14.-— 
But Lord Bolingbroke, to lessen the value of an antient history 
which contained 480 years, says, ' if it was so, these years were 
probably years of Nabonassar.* Arch enough ! He took years of 
Nabonassar to be shorter years than common ; and knew not 
that the Babylonians introduced an aera from the commencement 
of that King's reign, about seven years later than the building 
of Rome ; but in which the years were of the same length with 
other years. Vindic. p. 15. — ^Letter iii. p. 8S, Berosus aiS Mane- 
tho are put on a footing by Lord Boliu^roke, and represented 
as equally admitted, altered, and contradicted by Josephus, Jul. 
Africanus, and Eusebius ; whereas Berosus is appealed to with 
the greatest regard by Josephus, and literally copied by £use« 
bius. Vindic. p. 16. — He next draws a most ctmvincing argu- 
ment against the authority of the Old Testament, because a great 
King thought it worth while to get it translated, land wonders 
have been since related concerning that Translation. Vindic. p. IT. 
—-Letter iii. p. 89, he poaches in Suidas {6t game against a book 
which is somewhat more than licensed, but starts an old woman for 
Moses. Vindic. p. 19. — Letter iii. p. 107, he represents it as ridi- 
culous ' that the sons of God are said to lie with the daughters of 
men, and beget giants.* But he knew enough of the world, if 
not of the Hebrew idiom, to guess, that the sons of God might 
be the men of pow^ ; who, forcibly taking away the daughters 
of the poorer sort, begat legitimate children. These being 
ft^quently men of 8trei^;th, are called giants. Any thing high 
or great, it is well known, is said to belong to God. Thus 
Rachel's disputes with Leah are termed ' the wrestlings of God/ 
Gen. XXX.. 8. Vindic. p. 37- — If I mistake not, Sekien says os $a^ 
erum is called so to this day, from the lai^geness of it. — But the 
most masterly objection is Letter iii. p. 109, against Gen. ix. 92, 
where, though Ham alone oifended, Canaan alone is cursed. 
An objection founded on an error in the MS. to which all MSS. 
are subject; viz. an omission of two or three words in the latter 
sentence, which are expressly inserted in the former. Verse 22 
runs; 'And Ham, the fiither of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his 
fiither.' Accordingly, verse 25 should run, < cursed be [Ham the 
father of] Canaan ; and verse 26, ' And [Ham the fathnr of] 
Canaan shall be his servant.' Allow but this error corrected by 
1}ke very text, as we see, and all the objectidn vamsheth. Not 
$0, says Lord Bolingbroke, for the cune fell on the posterity of 
Ctaiaaoj excliiaivdy oi the rest of tbe posteri^ of Ham> in the 

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Another edition of " Demosthenis Selectae Ora- 
tiones," by Baron Mounteney^ 8vo. 

expulsion of the Canaanites. True^ in that particular case it did; 
but as the curse was general on the posterity of Hain, as we 
may now be allowed to say, we must not look for the accomplish- 
ment of it in Canaan alone. Where then shall we find it ? Now 
History will inform us, that Egy{)t, or the Land of Ham^ wa« 
made tributary to the ofispring of Sliem in the person of Cam- 
byses and his successors j who reduced Egypt, as well as Canaan, 
to the Persian yoke ; under which it continued till the reign of 
Darius Nothus ; when the Egyptians recovered their liberty, till ^ 
they were again reduced by Ochus king of Persia 3 from which 
time they remained in subjection to ths^t empire, till Darius 
Codomannus was defeated by Alexander the Great. Thus tha 
posterity of Ham were first in subjection to the Persians, who 
were of the line of Shem ; and were again subdued by the Greeks, 
who were the descendants of Japhet. The reason why the name 
of Canaan alone, of all the children of Ham, was particularly 
mentioned by -Moses as included in the curse, was because' the 
Israelites, the oflspring of Shem, were then going to fulfill tliat 
part of the curse, and to take possession of the land of Canaan 
for the first time. Vindic. 39 — 4^.— Letter iii. 1 14, 115, to shew 
what little knowledge in the history of mankind is to be learnt 
fW>m the Sacred Writings, Lord Bolingbroke observes, tliat 
" Though the Assyrians were neighbuiu-s of the Jews, yet we 
hear nothing of that kingdom till just before Prophane History 
makes that kingdom to end. Then we hear of Salmanasar^ 
who took Samaria in the 12th year of the ajra of Nabonassar; 
that is, 19 years after the Assyrian Empii-e was no more." 
!Now, (1) the afikirs of Assyria and of Egypt are taken notice of 
no fkrther in the Sacred Writings than as they had relation to 
the Israelites) sometimes as enemies, raised up by God for their 
punishment 3 sometimes as ft-iends, for their protection. (9) Lord 
Bolingbroke takes it for granted that the kingdom of A^yria was 
at end when Nabonassai* began to reign in Babylon; which is 
just the same as to say, there was an end of the kingdom of S\r&m 
when the kingdom of Portugal was separated fiom it ; for the 
Kings of Assyria were Kings of Babylon, as well as Niniveh and 
the rest of Assyrisi, till Nabonassar arose, and separated the 
kingdom of Babylon fi-om that of iXssjiia j and then the King of 
Assyria still lived at Niniveh, but the King of Babylon at Baby- 
lon. Wiere then is the absurdity in 9 Kings, xviii. 9, when it 
•aid, '' In the fourth of Hezekiah, King of Judah, Shalmaneser, 
King of Assyria, came up against Samaria, and besieged it," 
though this event happened in the 12th of Nabonassar's reign at 
Babylon ? This may serve for a >specimen of Lord Bolingbroke's 
accuracy shall I say, or learning ? The Bishop's positive proofe 
for the authenticity of the Old and New Testaments 1 may possi- 
bly lay before you on another occasion. 1 am^ youra^ &c. J. O." 

vo^.n. T j)i> , 

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Dr. Gally's * ^^ Dissertation on proncHincing the 
Greek Language," 8vo. 

" The principal Charters which have been granted 
to the Corporation of Ipswich in Suffolk translated*!*','' 

*^ Barbarossa, a Tragedy," by Mr. Brown J, 8vo< 

* Dr. Henry GdJUy ^^'^ ^ Beckeiihaxn, in Kent^ in August 
1606 J was admitted pensioner of Ben'et college, under the tui- 
tion of Mr. Fawcett, May 8^ 17X4j andj became scholar of the 
house in July following. He took the degree of M. A. in 1721 ; 
^d was upon the King's List for that of D.D. (to which he was 
admitted April 2^, 172S) when his Majesty honoured the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge with his presence. In the year 17^1 he was 
chosen lecturer of St. Paul*s> Covent Garden^ and instituted th€ 
same year to the rectoiy of Wavenden, or Wanden^ in Buckii^- 
hamshire. The Lord Chancellor King appointed him his do- 
mestic chaplain in 172o^ preferred him to a prebend in the 
church of Gloucester in 1728> and to another in that of Nor- 
wich about three years after. He presented him like^vise to the 
rectory of Ashney, alias Ashton, in Northamptonshire, in 1730 ; 
Apd to that of St. Giles in the Eields, in 17S<a ; his M^esty 
made him also one of his chaplains in ordinary^ in €>ctober 1735. 
Dr. Gaily died August 7, 1769. He was the author <tf, 1. " Two 
Sermons on the Misery of Man, preached at St. Paul's, Covent 
Garden, 1723/' 8vo.-*2. " The Moral Characters of Theophras- 
tus, translated from the Greek, with Notes, ajod a Cridcal Essay 
on Characteristic Writing, 1725," 8vo. — 3. '^ The Reasonable- 
ness of Church and College Fines asserted, and the Rights which 
Churches and Colleges have in their Rstates defended, 1731/* 
Svo. This was an answer to a pamphlet called ''An £nquii7 
into the Customary Estates and Tenants of those who hold Laudff 
of Chiuch and other Foundations by the Tenure of three Lives 
^d twenty^one Years, by Everard Fleetwood, esq.*' Svo. [Be« 
sides the answer to this pamphlet by Dr. Gaily, 4^ere weie two 
others, by Dr. Roger Long and Dr. William Derham.]— -4. '' Ser- 
mon l^ore the House of Commons upon the Accession, June 11^ 
1739/' 4to. — 5. " Some Considei*ations upon Clandestine Mair- 
riages, 1750," Svo. This was much enlarged in a second edi- 
tion the year following. — 6. The pamphlet on Greejc Acceoti^ 
taken notice of above. 

t By Mr. Canning, minister of St. Laurence ^ who had pub- 
lished in 1747> " An Account c£ the Gifts and Legacies that bad 
been given and bequeathed to charitable Uses in the Town pf 
Ipswich, with some account of the present $tate and Maniage- 
ment, and some Proposals for the {utiure Regulation of them/* 
8vo. In 1755 Mr. Bowyer printed for him ''An A^Uress to thtft 
Freemen of Ipswich," half a sheet, folio. 

J Of whom see before, pp. 211—215. 228, «29, ?30.-- In tfm 
" Biographia Britannica/' it is said that this tragej^ was pro- 

^ 1 doced 

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1 754.] tHE EIGHTEENTH CENtURy, 275 

Dr. Armstrong's * ^^ Art of preserving Health, a 
didactic Poem," 8vo. 


, This year Mr. JBowyer sent a literary present (I 
know not of what value) to the Cathedral Library 
at Chichester -f-. 

The principal books printed by him tliis year were, 

" The History and Antiquities of the Town, 
Hundred, and Deanry of Buckingham, by Browne 
Willis:!:, esq. LL.D.*' 4to. 

The fourth (and last) Volume of Mr. Carte's 
*^ General History of England." 

^^A Letter to a Friend in Italy; and Verses occa- 
sioned on reading Montfaucon," [by the Rev. Ed-* 
i^vard Clarke §], 4to. 

Three Volumes of Mr. Whiston s Translation of 
Josephus, 8vo. 

"Oeconomia Naturae inMorbis acutis et chronicis 
dandularum. Auctore R.Russell, M.D. F.R.S."8vo. 

An English Translation of Dr. RusselPs " Oeco- 
nomy," 8vo. 

duced on, the stage in the beginning of 1755. It was acted 
Dec. 17, 1754, and published the same month. It first intro- 
duced its author to the acquaintance and friendship of Mr. Gar^ 
rick, who wrote both the prologue and epilogue to it, and spoke 
himself the prologue in the character of a country boy. With 
the following passage in the epilogue, 

' •* Let the poor devil eat, allow him that, &c.** 
the author was much disgi.i&Lod, as it represented him in the 
light of an indigent person. Vanity was undoubtedly one of 
the most promuient features in the character of Dr. Brown. 

* Of whom, see under tlie year 1758. 

f " In your generous disposition, I hear that you are inclined 
to think of our library. Poverty is importunate. 1 ask every 
body that 1 decentiy can, and should be proud of your name 
among our beneiactui's. But come and see it 5 and then yoa 
vill say, that so fine a room will excuse this liberty." Mt. ClaTke 
to Mr. Bowyer, Aug, lb, 1755. 

J Of whom, see the ** Essays andllluatrationf," vol. VI. No. IV. 

§ Of whom, see vol. IV. p. S8«. 

T2 ASe- 

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*^ A Second Dissertation against pronouncing the 
Greek Language according to Accents ; in Answer 
to Mr, Foster's Essay *." 

*^ Boerhaave's Aphorisms," 8vo.. 

Dr. Maty's "Authentic Memoirs of the Life-f- of 
Richard Mead :|:, M.D.'^ 8vo. ' 

*^ Museum Meadianum, sive Catalogus Nummo- 
nim, veteris sevi Monumentorum, ac Gemmarum, 
cum aUis quibusdam Artis recentioris et Naturae 
operibus, quae vir clarissimus Ricardus Mead, M. D. 
nuper defunctus compai-averat," 8vo. 

" Musei Meadiani pars altera, &c." 8vo. 

**An Essay towards a new English Version of the 
Book of Job, from the original Hebrew, with some 
Account of his Life, by Thomas Heath ^, Esq. of 
Exeter," 4to. 

* This was, "An Essay on the different Nature of Accent and 
Quantity^ with their Use andApplication in the English, Latin^ and 
Greek languages: containing Remarks on the Metre of the Eng- 
lish ; on the Origin and iBolibui of the Roman -, on the genend 
. Ifistory of the Greek, with an account of its antient Tones, and 
a Defence of the present Accentual Marks, against the Objections 
of Isaac Yossius, Henninius, Sarpedonius, Dr. Gaily, and others. 
To which is subjoined the Greek Elegiac Poem of M. Musurus, 
addressed to Leo X. with a I-atin Version and Notes. The Se- 
cond Edition, corrected and much enlarged^ containing some 
Additions from the Papers of Dr. Taylor and Mr. Markland j 
also, a Reply to Dr. Gally's Second Dissertation, ia Answer to 
the First Edition of this Essay. By J. Foster, M. A. late Fellow 
of King's College, Cambridge. Eton. Cal. Junii, 1763." 8vo. 

t Another, but far less interesting, life of Dr. Mead^ by Sir 
Tanfield Leman, bait. M.D. appeared in 1749, 8vo. 

X See the " Essays and Illustrations," vol. VI. No. V. 

§ This gentleman was an alderman of Exeter, and father of 
John Heath, esq. one of the judges of the Common Pleas. His 
. brother Benjamin was a lawyer of eminence, and town clerk of 
Exeter. Benjamin was likewise an author, and wrote, 1. "An 
Essay towards a demonstrative Proof of the Divine Existence^ 
U^ity, and Attributes > to which is premised, a shoit Defence of 
the Argument commonly called d Priori, 1740/* This pamph« 
let was dedicated to Dr. Oliver of Bath, and is to be raided 
amongst the ablest defences of Dr. Clark's, or rather Mr. Howe's, 
hypothesis; for Dr. Clarke appears to have taken it ftom Howe'a 
'' living Temple." * 2. " The Case of the County of Devon with 
respect to the Consequences of the new Excise Duty on Cyder 
and Peny. Published by the Direction of tbt Coinmittee ap^ 


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" Six Dissertations on different Subjects, by John 
Jortin, b. D;' Bvo. 

" Remarks on Si^ Charles Grandison,*' by Dr. 
Free (8o copies only printed). 

" Remarks on the same Book, by Mr. Plumer/* 
(«6 only printed). 

A neat and correct Edition' of the Works of 
Pindar, 12mo, (of which Mr. Bowyer was himself 
the Editor,) with a Latin Vei-sion from the Oxford 
Edition in folio of 1697. 

The following letter, on a subject of peculiar deli- 
cacy,^ will perhaps be thought worth preserving, 
ihough it does not appear to whom it was ad- 
dressed *. 

pointed at a General Meeting of tliat County to superintend the 
Application for the Repeal of that Duty, 1763;* 4to. To this 
representation of the circumstances peculiar to Devonshire the 
repeal of the act is greatly to be ascribed. The piece indeed was 
considered as so well-timed a service to the publick, that Mr. 
Heath received some honpurable notice on account of it at a . 
general meeting of the county. 3. *' Notse sive Lectiones ad 
Traeicorum Graeconim veterum, .fechyli, &c. J752," 4to. A 
vnirk which places the author^s learning and critical skill in a 
very conspicuous light. A principal object of this publication 
was, to restore the metre of the Grecian Tragic Poets. It i^ 
much to be regretted that the distaste for antient learning, which 
for some years past hath prevailed in this country, should have 
leik it for Foreignera to appreciate this work according to its 
intrinsic value. The same solidity of judgment apparent in the 
precedJiing, distinguished the Author's last production : 4. " A 
Revisal of Shak^j)ear's Text, wherein the Alterations intro- 
duced into it by the more modern Editors and Critics are parti- 
cularly considei"ed, 1765," 8vo. It ap^iears froni the list of 
Oxford graduates, that Mr, Benjamin Heath was created Doctor 
of Qvil Law by diploma, March 31, 1762. 

* 1 preserve this article as it originally stood, with the mora 
pleasure, as the mystery is gatLsfactorily explained , to the great 
credit of all the parties, in the following Letter from Dr. War- 
burton to Mr. Hard, Sept. 24, 1755. '^A veiy disagreeable 
affair has brought me to town a month before my usual time, 
Mr. Knapton, whon^ every body, and I particularly, tliought the 
richest bookseller in town, has failed. Hw debts are 20,000r 
and his stock is valued at 30,000/. 3 but this value is subject to 
naany abating contingencies, and you never at first hear the 
^ole debt. It is hoped there will be enough to pay every one t 
I don't know what to say to it. It is a busings of years. He 


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Sept. flO, 1755. 
^^ I was last night informed that it was reported 
I had advised taking out a statute against you. As 
no one, I am persuaded, hath a deeper sense of ob- 
ligations to you, or feels more for your present 
troubles, I was shocked at this charge of ingratitude 
and inhumanity. I knew, with the rest of the 
world, that your good-nature only had brought you 
into your present difficulties, and that your afflic- 
tion under them arose more from the inconveniencies 
you brought on others than on yourself. It must 
add not a little to your disquiet, to think you have 
a monster among your creditors : but I owe it both 
to you and them to testify that you can have but 
one ; for I never heard any of them propose taking 
a step which might ill suit your inclijiations ; or, 
what was more tender, your credit. If a statute 
was ever mentioned, it was feared only from the 
intricacy of your affairs, not sugges. (i from the 
malevolence of any heart. I say, this, to clear others, 
not myself; for it is too much for me to think that 
such an imputation should live, and be carried to 
your ear. My heart, Sir, will ever wish you hap- 

owea me a great sum. I am his principal creditor 5 and as sach 
I hare had it in my power, at a meeting of his creditors, to dis-, 

Cthem favourably to him, and to get him treated with great 
lanity and compassion. I have brought them to agree una- 
nimously to take a resignation of his edects, to be managed by 
trustees , and in the mean time, till the efifects can be dis* 
ixised of to the best advantage, which will be some years in 
doing, to allow him a very liandsome subsistence -, for I think bim 
an honest m^n (though he has done extreme ill by me), and, as 
such, love him. He falls with the pity and compassion of eyeiy 
body. His fault was extreme indolence. — 1 was never more sa- 
tisfied in any action of my life than in my service of Mi*. Knap* 
ton on this occasion, and the preventing (which I hope I have 
done) his bang torn in pieces. Yet you must not be surprised, 
I am sure [should not, if you hear (so great is the world's love 
of truth and of me) that my severity to him destroyed his credit, 
and would have pushed him to extrenuty. I will assure you you 
have heard many things of me full as true -, which, though at 
|)resent apocryphal, may, by my never contradicting them, in 
i\iaQ' become holy-writj^ as the Poet ^ys. God bless yoUj an^ 
believe me to be, &c/' 

Digitized by CjOOJT ■ *' 

1755r] ■ THE ElGtttElftNtH CENTURY. ^79 

piness ; but for fear it should fall under any mis- 
coastruction of it after so bad a representation of it, 
I must beg you will give me leave to renounce the 
oflSce of being one of your trustees, in which, it will 
be impossible for me after this to act with freedom, 
though I intend ever so uprightly. I ki^^ow not 
whether another trusted must be chosen in my 
place ; but, if there inust, whatever additional ex- 
pence that may occasion^ I will thankfully defray, 
I would further beg, that no enquiry may be m^de 
who propagated the story of me ; for as I suspect 
• no one person, so I would continue to harbour no 
ill thoughts of apy particular ; and I will rest satis- 
fied in the persuasion you will ever retain your good 
ones, of. Sir, 
Your sincere friend and most humble servant, W. B» 

^^ I Would have waited on you with the inclosed 
renunciation, but that I am hastening into the 


This year produced from Mr. Bowyer*s press two 
valuable tracts in the Antiquarian line, by Philip 
Carteret Webb *, esq. which prov^ a prelude to 

* This distinguished Antiquary; bom in 1700, was regularly 
bred to th^ jn-ofession of the law : and wat admitted an attor- 
ney, before Mr. Justice Price, June 30, 1794 : he lived then in, 
the Old Jewry 5 afterwards removed to Budge Row; and thence 
to Great Queen-street, Lincoln'a-Inn Fields. He was peculiarly 
learned In the records of this kingdom, and particularly able as 
a parliamentary and constitutional lawyer. In 1747j he pub- 
lished '^ Observations on the Course of Proceedings in the Admi- 
ralty Courts," 8vo. In 1751, he assisted materially in obtaining 
the charter of incorporation for the Society of Antiquaries, re- 
putting in that business the customary fees which were due to 
him as a solicitor -, and on many other occasions proved himself 
a very useful member of that learned body. Purchasing a house 
and estate at Busbridge, Surrey, where he resided in the summer^ 
it gave him an influence in the borough of Haslemere, for 
which he was chosen member in 1754, and again in 1761. He 
becanfe^ under the patronage of Lord Chancellor Hardwicke, 
kcretary of bankrupts in the Court of Chancery^ and was ap^ 
poiated ope df the joint solicitors of the trcasui^ in Xf 56. In 

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the publication of the ^' Archaeologia.** They were 
both read at the public meetings of the Society of 
Antiquaries, and were printed by their order. 

July, 1758, he obtained, a iilver raedal ftrom the Society of Arts 
for having planted a large quantity of acorns for timber. In 
1760, he had the honour of presenting the Yimous Heraclean 
table to the King of Spain, by the hands of the Neapolitan Mi- 
nister, from whom he received in return (in November that 
year) a diamond ring, worth SOOl. In April 1763, the period 
of Mr. Wilkes's being apprehended for writing " The North Bri- 
ton," No. 45, Mr. Webb became officially a principal actor ia 
that memorable prosecution, but did not altogether approve of 
the severity with which it was carried on ; and printed, on that 
occasion, *' A Collection of Hecords about General Warrants /* 
and also '' Observations upon discharging Mr. Wilkes fi-om the 
Tower.*' [Mr. Webb particularly supported the issuing of the 
general warrant by the Secretaries of State, instead of a special 
one ; for which the opinion of the Attorney and Solicitor Gleneral 
reported there was sufficient ground; and which was recom- 
mended by the Right Hon. Ed^yard Weston, then imddr secre- 
taiy of state, to the Eaii of Halifax. (^S Note by Dr, Charles, 
Weston. /\ — He held the office of solicitor to the Treasury till 
June 1765, and continued secretary of bankmjt*^* ^ Lxix^ Nor- 
thington quitted the Seals, Sn 1766. He died at Busbridge^ 
June 22, 1770, aged 70 j and his library (including that of John 
Godfrey, esq. which he had purchased entire) was sold, with his 
MSS. on velJum, Feb. 25, and tlie sixteen following days, 1771. 
A little before his death he sold to the House of Peers thirty 
MS volumes of the Rolls of Parliament. His MSS. on paper were 
sold, by his widow and executrix, to the Earl of Sheibume ; 
since bought by Parliament for the British Museum. The 
coins and medals were sold by auction the same year, three 
days sale 3 in which were all the coins and medals found in his 
collection at the time of his decease, but he had disposed of the 
most valuable part to different persons. The series of lara.^ brass 
had been picked by a nobleman. The noble series of Roman 
gold (among which were Pompey, I^pidus, &c.) and the col- 
lection of Greek kings and towns had been sold to Mr. Duane, 
and afteiwards formed pait of the valuable museum collected 
by the late Dr. Hunter. The antient marble busts, bronzes, 
lloman earthen-ware, gems, seals, &c. (of which there were 96 
lots) were sold in the above year. On the death of Mrs. Webb* 
the iicmainder of the curiosities was sold by Mr. I^ngford. — Mr, 
Webb's publications were, 1. "A Letter to the Rev. Mr. William 
Warbuj-ton, M. A. occasioned by some Passaiix> in his Book, in-^ 
tituled, * The Divi^ie Legation of Moses demonstrated.* By a 
Gentleman of Lincoln's Inn, 1742," 8vo. 2. *' Remarks on the 
Pretender's Declaration and Commission, 1745," 8vo. 3. '' Re-. 
marks on the Pretender's eldest Son's second Declaration, date() 
tjie l^Oth of October 1745^ by the Author of the R^maark? on hit 

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1. ^^A short Account of some Particulars concern- 
ing Domesday Book, with a View to promote its 
being published/' 4to. 

first Declaration^ 1745/' 8vo. Of these " Remarks" a second 
edition was published the same year. 4. " Excerpta ex Instru- 
mentis publicis de Judseis/* consisting of seven pages small 4to. 
5. " Short, but true. State of Facts relative to the Jew-Bill, sub- 
mitted to the Consideration of the Publick," three pages small 
4to. 6. " Five Plates of Records relating to the Jews, engraven, 
at the Expence of Philip Carteret Webb, Esq." 7. " The Quesr 
tion whether a Jew born within the British Dominions was, 
before the making the late Act of Parliament, a Person capable 
by Law to pm'chase and hold Lands to him and his Heirs, 
fidrly stated and considered. (To which is annexed an Appendix, 
containing Copies of Public Records relating to tlie Jews, and 
to the Plates of Records.) By a Gentleman of Lincoln's Inn, 
1753," 4to. Printed for Roberts, price 2j. Sd. "A Reply" to 
this, in the same size, and at the same price, written, as it is 
supposed, by Mr. Grove, author of the Life of G\rdinal Wolsey, 
was printed for Robinson, Woodyer, and Swan. S. '' A short 
Account of some Paiticulars concerning Doaiesflay-Dook, with 
a View to promfite its being published, 1756," 4to. 9. **^ A short 
Account of Danegeld, with some farther Paiticulars relating to 
l^lfliam the Conqueror's Survey, 1758," 4 to. 10. '* A State of 
Facts, in Defence of hb Majesty's Right to certain Fee- Farm 
Rents in the County of Norfolk, 1758," 4to. U. *« An Account 
of a Copper Table, containing two Inscriptions in the Greek 
and Latin Tongues, discovered in the year 1732, near Heraclea, 
in the Bay of Tarentum, in Magna Grecia. By Philip Carteret 
Webb, Esq. Read at a Meeting of the Society of Antiquai'ics, 
the 13th of December, 1759, and oi'dered to be printed 1760,"* 
4to. 12. "Some Obsen'ations on the late Determination for 
discharging* Mr. Wilkes from his Commitment to the Tower of 
London, for being the Author and Publisher of a seditious Libel 
called ' The North Briton, No. 45.* By a Member of the House 
of Commons, 1763, 4to." He also printed a quarto pamphlet 
(supposed to have been collated by Frederick Montague, esq.) 
containing a number of Geneitd Warrants issued from the time 
of the Revolution ; and some other political Ti-acts, particularly 
at the time of the Rebellion \n 1745 ; at the close of which hi* 
abilities, as solicitor on the trials in Scotland, proved of eminent 
service to the publick. — Mr. Webb was twice manicd -, and by 
his first lady (who died in March 1^, 1756) left one son of 
his own name, admitted of Bene't college, Cambridge, 1755, 
under the private tuition of the Rev. John Hodgson j removed 
to the Temple, 1757; married to Miss Smith, of Milford, Surrey, 
1763, by whom he had a ijon, born in 1764, and a daughter, 
since deaA, liis second wife was Rhoda, daughter of John 
Co^^ es^. of Dodington in Cheslure, b^ Rhoda^ one of the 


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2. ^^A short Account of Danegeld; with some 
further Particulars relating to Williani the Con- 
queror's Survey," 4to. 

daughters and coheirs of Sir John ETiibom/ bart of Warwick* 
fhire ; bat by her he had no issue. 

John Godfrey, esq. (p. 2S0) was the son of Benjamin Godhey, 
eq. of Norton Court, near Feversham, in Kent, whom he suc- 
ceeded in that estate. He waff very corpulent, thr )ugh indolence 
or inactivity, and a great epicure, which shortened his life. Mr. 
Godfrey (who was related to Sir Edmondbury) was a person of 
loaming, and had a good collection of antiquities ; and also of 
eoiiis and medalis, which, after his death, were sold by auction. 
Hifl library (containing about 1^00 valuable volumes) was bought 
for 100/. by T. Osborne, who sold the whole again to Mr. Webb 
before it was unpacked. Mr. Godfrey contributed the plate of 
, Homan antiquities in p. S48 of Dr. Harris's Hktory of Kent, and' 
was a good friend and benefactor to Dr. Hams, who used to spun^ 
Upon him ; and, though a prebendary of Rochester, ^th good 
preferments, died insolvent, at Norton Ck)urt, and vras buried in 
the parish church, at Mrs. Godfrey's expence. After Mv. Godfrey's 
death (about 1741) his widow retired to her native county (Staf- 
ibrdshire, it is supposed) and carried with her the valuable MSS. 
which Dr. Harris had collected for the second volume of his 
History of Kent, which he never published. The late Dr. Thorpe 
«nd other gentlemen made what enquiries they could how she 
disposed of them, or what became of them' after her death, but 
could never get the least intelligence. Mrs. Anne Godfrey (who 
died about 1746, and was buried with her husband at Norton) 
was a vain talkative woman, and would often, when her husband 
was chatting with at friend on antiquarian matters, interrupt 
1dm on the subject, and expose her ignorance. Her maiden 
name was Gougli j her father was an exchange-broker in Lon- 
don J her brother, who was boimd apprentice to an apothecary, 
but did not serve out his time, married, shortly after, Catharine, 
daughter of George Mason, esq, and great grand-daughter of John 
Oneby, esq. (whose epitaph see in Gent. Mag. 1777, p. 316.) 
This lady had a handsome fortune, which young Gough lost in 
the South Sea^ bubble, and was aiterwax-ds in some degree de- 
pendent on Mr. Godfrey, after whose death Mrs. Godfi-ey impo-^ 
verished herself in the assistance of her brother, so as to be 
unable to pay her own debts. Mr. Gough died at Cambcrwell, 
about 1753 ; and his widow in May 1771. On the death of the 
latter, her efiect^ were sold by auction j and the Editor of this 
work purchased the original portraits of Mr. and Mi-^. Godfreys 
a curious old plan of Norton Court (mentioned in British Topo- 
graphy, vol. I. p. 497*^ and which he presented to Sir Joseph 
Banks) ; two miniature paintings of persons \mknown > and 
some other curiosities. Norton Court was aflerwaids partly 
iebuilt> by John Cockayne Sole^ esq. 


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Dr. Patrick Brown s *^ Natural History of Ja«- 
maica,'' folio. 

^^ A Series of Dissertations on some ele^nt and 
very valuable Anglo-Saxon Remains (see p. 256). 
By Samuel Pegge *, A. M." 4to. 

'Dr. Kennedy's ^ ^^ Further Observations on Ca- 
rausius, Emperor of Britain, and Oriun?, supjposed 
by some to be a real Person. With Answers to 
those trifling Objectio*.^ made to the former Dis- 
course. Together with some new Thoughts con- 
cerning his Successor, AUectus, Emperor also of 
Britain ; and particularly on that Gold Coin of 
AUectus, sent to France from the same Hand. 
Illustrated with twelve extraordinary Coins of Ca- 
rausius, not hitherto publishedj;," 4to. 

The Rev. John Wesley's Translation of, and 
Notes on, the New Testament, 4to* 

*^ Free and Candid Examination of the Bishop of 
London's Sermons, wherein the commonly received 
System concerning the Jewish and Christian Dis- 
pensations is particularly considered^ ; by the Rev. 
John Towne II,** 8vo. 

♦ See the " Essays and Illustrations," vol. VI. No IV. 

+ See some account of Dr. Kennedy under the article of 
George North, in vol. V. p. 4^6. 

X This H-as soon follovved by a plate, neatly engraved by 
Perry, intituled, " Numismata selectiora Allecti et Cai-ausit 
Britanniae Imperatorum, h Musseo Kennediano/' and a single 
leaf of " Explanatory Notes on the Plate of Allectus, Emperor 
of Britain, ^vith those of Carausius j" and soon afterwai-ds by 
'' A Letter to the Rev. Dr. Stukeley, on the liret Part of his 
Medallic History of Carausius, Emperor of Britain, his ill- 
grounded Opinions and most extraordinary Assertions therein 
^ontaned ;** 4t0 3 price 6d, 

§ The design of this piece is to shew' that the common system 
which makes riedemption and a future state a popular doctrine 
among the antient Jews, abounds \Vith absurdities and inconsis- 
tcncies. The Author warmly espouses Dr. Warbuiton's schefme 
upon the subject, and his principal view seems to be to get the 
question thoroughly examined, and the Jewish law freed from 
the many perplexitica in which those who plead for the received 
^ydtem have involved it. 

II JohnTowne, of Clare hall, Cambridge. B. A. 1732; M.A. 
J736: vicar of ITiorpe-Eniald^ Leicestershire^, 1740j archdea- 

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^^ A short History of the Israelites ; with an 
Account of their Manners, Customs, Laws, Pohty, 
and Religion ; being an useful Introduction to the 
Reading of the Old Testament *. Translated irom 
the French of Abb^ Fleury, by Ellis Fameworth +, 
M.A;' 8vo. 

*^ Collateral Bee-boxes, or a new, easy, and ad- 
vantageous Method of managing Bees,* in which 
Part of the Honey is taken away in an easy and 
pleasant Manner, without destroying or much dis- 
turbing the Bees ; early Swarms if desired are en- 
con of Stowe, a prebendary of LincolD^^nd rector of Little P^Un- 
ton, CO. Lincoln; where he died, March 15, 1791, and was buried. 
He was an eminent scholar, an affectionate paitint, a sincere 
iriend, and an exemplary parish priest. From Bp. Kurd's life of 
Warbnrton I am able to subjoin the following elegant testmiony 
to the respectability of Mr. Townc. ** The private friendahi|)s of 
Bishop Warburton were with men of learning and genius, chiefly 
with Clergj'men of the Establibhed Church, and those the most 
considerable of his time. It would be invidious to give a list of 
these : I shall only mention, by way of specimen, the learned 
archdeacons of Stowe and Winchester. The former of tliese^ 
Mr. Towne, was of his early acquaintance, when he lived iu 
Lincolnshire, and much respected by him at his death. He was 
an ingenious and learned man, and so conversant in the Bishop'^ 
writings, that he used to say of him, ' he understood them better 
than himself.' He published some defences of the Divine LegSL- 
tion, in which, with a glow of zeal for his fiieud, he shewed 
much logical precision and acuteness. The following is, I be* 
E^ve, an exact list of tl^cjn : 1. " Critical Inquiry into the Prac- 
tice and Opinions of the antient Philosophers concerning the 
Smd, &c. London, 1748," 8vo.*— ^. *' Exposition of the Ortho- 
dox System of Civil liights, and Church Power ; addressed to 
Br. Stcbbing." — 3. "Argument of tlie' Divine Legation fairly 
stated. London, 1751.- — 4. " Free and Candid Examination of 
Bishop Sherlock's Sermons, and Discourses on Prophecy, I^n- 
don, 1756." — 5. " Dissertation on the antient Mysteries. London^ 
1766. — 6. " Remarks on Ik*. LowtVs Letter to Bishop Warbur-. 
ton. London, 1766." — Mr. Towne left three daughters ; and 
one son, who was bred to the profession of a ^lainter, but died 

* ' * This little piece of the learned Abb^ had been before traas- 
lated by^ R. G. 1750, Svo." When the preceding line was abided 
by Mr. Gough to my former edition, I had not the most distant 
idea that R. G. meant himself. See, however, the '^ Essays and 
Illustrations'* in vol. VL No. VII. 

-|- Of whomji see under the year 1762. 

' couraged, 

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eouraged, and late ones prevented; by Stephen 
White*, M. A, recfor of Holton in Suffolk," 8vo, 

* This gentleman, who was a member of St. John's college, 
Cambridge, was founder of a charity-school at Holton in Sutfblk, 
OB which he expended a considerabb sum of his own, besides 
what he collected by subscription from his friends. He pub- 
lished, for the benefit of this school, a senmoni under the title 
of "A Dissuasive from Stealing, 1747/' and 1769, l^moj and a 
collection of '* P^^alms^ set to Music by Mr. Riley," l2mo, 1769. 
His Treatise on Bees was re-printed by Mr. Bow)'er in 17o8» 
and again in 1764. — " Mr. White had the singular faculty of 
being a ruminant. He masticated a second time liis supper 
at chapel the next morning. I kept my bees by his books ; but 
1 beUcve his scheme ncTcr made it^s fortune. See the Practical 
Bee-master by John Keys. ^ London ; no date, but probably 
1780, 8vo, where he talks of inconveniencifes, which I never 
ibiind when I practised the methods, but his own was to be re- 
commended at the expence of others.'- T. F. — A dispensatioa 
passed ifi 1733, to enable Stephen White, M. A. (chaplain to th« 
Earl of Morton) to hold Swaffham Bulbeck V. co. Cambridge, 
^th Helton, co. Suffiilk.— He died Oct. ?4, 1755, aged 71. 

He was contemporaiy with John Wlute, B.D. fellowof St. John's 
college, Cambridge, and vicar of Cfepringe, Kent, and of Nayland,' 
Suffolk. \^'e mention this because tliese two writers have been some- 
times mistaken for each other. The publications of Mr . John White 
were, 1. "A Letter to a Gentleman of the Dissenting Persuasion 
concerning the Lives of Churdimen and Dissentei-s, 1743," 8vo; 
2. "A Second I^ctter to a Dissenting Gentleman, 1745,** 8vo; 
which was the saniC year ibllowed by, 5. *' A Third l-ictter/" 
These Letters were so well receive<l, that they were several times 
reprinted, in 1745, 1746, and 1747, and agnin (collected into 
one volume) in 1748. Mr. J. White was aUo author of, 4. " A 
Sermon on the Fast, Dec. 18, 1745," printed in 1746, Svo ; 
5. "A Defence of the I-icttcrs to a Dissenting Gentleman, 1746,** 
8vo, re-printed in 174S and 1740 ) 6. ** /V Second Detence, 
1748 and 1749," 8vo ; 7- " A Letter to Mr. Chandler, 1749," 
Svo 5 8. "A Discourse against the Dissentere, 1750," l^mo; 
9. " Appendix to the Controversy between the Rev. Mr. Whit« 
and the Dissenting Gentleman, 1750," 8VO5 10. " llie Protestant 
Dissenter guided to theClmrch of England, 1750," Svo j 11. ''An- 
.^wer to the Free and Candid Disquisitions, 1751," 8vOj 
l9: "The Protestant Englishman «ruarded against the Arts and 
Arguments of Romish PapL«ts and Emissaries, 1753," Svo ; and 
?omc other controversial Treatises, in 1755. — He died in 1755 ^ 
and was buried at Nayland, as api>ears by the following epitaphi 
" Here lieth the body of 
the Rev. John AVhite, B. D. minister 

of this parish 15 years. 
He departed this life Oct. 24, 1755, 
aged 71.'* 



*^ Athelstan *,** a tragedy, by Dr. Brawn, 8vo. 

Mr. Palairef s -f- Notes on the New Testament^ 
and Specimen of a Dutch Concordance. 

Catalogues of the Libraries of Martin Polices, esq. 
and Dr. Rawhnson. 

** Certificates and Receipts, in Latin and English, 
for the superannuated Scholars of Merchant Tay- 
lors School," drawn up Mr. Edward-Rowe Mores:};. 

New Editions & of Dr. Warburton's "View of Lord 
Bolingbroke's Philosophy;'* and of the first two 
volumes of the " Divnie Legation.'' 

* Mr.Garrick performed a principal part in this play, and 
wrote the Epilogue. Dr. Brown did not give his name to the 
world, either with Barbarossa or Athelstan. 

i Preacher in the Dutch chapel at St. James's, and author of 
several treasises on the learned languages. He published, at 
Leyden, in 1752, " Observationes insacros Novi Foederis libroe/' 
£Vnd at.London, in 1754, *' Eliae Palairet, £cclesi» Gallicse Tor- 
naccnsis Pastoris, Specimen Thesauri Critici Linguae Graecae; 
in quo s])eciales vocabulorum significationes indicantur, ellipses 
kupplentur^ pl^onasmi evolvuntur, et ex Scholiis antiquis illus- 
trantur, cum indicibus necessariis,** 4to. In 1756 he coirected 
for Mr. Bowyer the Ajax and Electra of Sophocles, for an edi- 
tion which will be noticed under 1758 ; and died Jan. 2, 1765. 
, X Of this eccentric genius, see vol. V. p. 389. 

4 Whiht these volumes were in the press, the learned Writer 
indulged his printer with the following characteristic notes : 
' '^ July 12, 1755. I am wonderfully obliged to Mr. Bowj'er's 

care in his reprinting the enclosed leaf, where his critical care 
in letting Rome pass for home lays me under great obligations to 
him : but I have been long sensible of my gieat obligations of 
this kind — However, let the fool, the Compositor, mend it, if he 
can, before publication, by once more reprinting it." — "Dec, 31, 
1755. Mtt. BowYER, I thought fit. to give myself this trouble 
^ to tell you, that the Large-Paper Books of the small edition of 

the k'iew is most vilely printed; particulai'ly the luies are awry 
and uneven (at in proof sheets) from one end of the Book to the 
other. Yoiu" humble Sen-ant, W. W." — " Sir, If in correct- 
ing the small edition of the View of Bolingbroke you had paid 
the least attention to the reasoning (which, by the way, would 
have done you no harm) you would not have suffered this ab^ur- 
4ity to pass you at p. 230. And wlien they did so, that consider- 
ation which under an extraordinary Providence ca^ne strv?igly in 
aid of the moral argument for another life, fiad no tendency under 
the common one to open to them the prospects of futurity. Now 
'£^^jlSiu»%cloes not a little common sense shew you that common and extra* 
ordinary are got into each other's place ? if the subject had been 
some important criticism about an ac or an et, I suppose you 

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Under this year I find the following memoran-' 
dum on the back of a note for 50/. (lent April 8, 
1755) : " If I die before this note of hand is dis- 
diarged, I order it to be released, and given up to 
my friend who signed it. Witness my hand^ 
Feb, 3, 1757. W. BowYER." — ^He had a consider- 
able number' of such notes for smaller sums, many 
of them in like manner released, and some of more 
than 50 years date. ' 

The principal books of this year were, 

" Memoirs of the Marquis of Clanricarde, Lorcl 
Lieutenant of Ireland, and Commander in Chief 
of the Forces of Charles I, in that Kingdom during 
the RebeUion;' folio. 

*^ Travels or Observations relating to several Parts 
of Barbary and the Levant. Illustrated with Cuts, 
The Second Edition, with great Improvements* 
By Thomas Shaw*, D.D. F.R.S. Regius Professor 
of Greek, and Principal of St. EJdmund Hall, in the 
University of Oxford,'' 4to. 

would have been more attentive. In short, tlie leaf must be 
xe-prihted ; and let the passage be leformed thus : [And wiien 
they did so, that consider ai ion, which under an ordinary Providenqt 
tame strongly in aid of the moral argument for another life, had 
no tendency, under the extraordinary, to open to them the prospect 
of futurity^ Your very humble servant, W. W. P. P. Feb, 9,S, 
1756." — '^ pEiTata, in View of Lord Bolingbroke's Philosophy, 
€d. 1756.] P. 205. 1. — for, he believes tJiem too 9 read. Did he 
htliece them too ? 248. 1. 25. dele the second so. [W. B. thinks 
it shoidd be the fii-st so. Another pai tide in which he shines, 
besides an ac and e^/'] P. 273. 1. 7. for, one of which things, 
read, one or both of which things, P. 275. 1. 20. for, on their, 
read, to their. P. 32 1. 1. 17. dele in. 

* This learned traveller, son of Mr. Gabriel Shaw, was born 
at Kendal in Westmoreland, about the year 1692. He received 
his education at the grammar-school of that place; Wits admitted 
bachelor at Queen's college, Oxford, Oct. 5, 1711; where he took 
the degree of B. A. July 5, 1716; M. A. Jan. 16, 1719; went into 
holy orders, and was appointed chaplain to the English factory 
at Algiers. In this station he continued several years, and 
from thence took opportunities of travelling into several parts. 
During his absence he was chosen fellow of his College, March 16, 
1727 J and at his return, in 1733^ took the degree of doctor in 


«88 LITERARY AN£CDOt£S OF [}757^ 

^^ Discourses and Essays, in Prose and Verse, 
by Edward Cobden, D. D. Archdeacon of London, 
and lately Chaplain to his Majesty King George ll. 

divinity, Juh' 5, 1784 5 and in the same year was elected F. R. S. 
He published the first edition of his Traveb at Oxford, in 1738 ; 
bestowed on the University soipe natui*al curiosities, and some 
antient coins arid busts, which he had collected in his travels ; 
and three of which are engraved among the Mamiora Oxonien- 
flia, 17C3, No. Ixxiv. Ixxvi. Ixxviii. On the death of Dr. Felton, 
1740^ he was nominated by his College Principal of St. Edmund 
hall, which he luised from a ruinous condition by his munifi- 
cence; and was presented at the saine time tor' the vicarage of 
Bramley in Hants. ' He was also R^us Professor of Greek at 
Oxford till his death, which happened on the 15th of August^ 
1751. — His 'fimels were translated into French, and printed 
in quarto, 1743, with several notes and emendations, commu- 
nicated hy the author. Dr. Pocockc, afterwards Bishop of Os- 
«ory, having attacked those Travels in his " Description of the 
East," our Author published a Supplement, by way of vindi- 
cation, in 1746. In the Pieface to the ** Supplement" he saya 
the indent and design of it is partly to vindicate the Book of , 
Travels from some objections that have been nused against it by 
the Author of '* The Description of the East, &c." He published 
" A further Vindication of the Book of Travels, and the Supple* 
nient to it, in a Letter to the Right Rev. Robert Clayton, D. D. 
Lord Bishop of Clogher/* This letter consists of six fcjlio pages, 
and beare date in 1747. After the Doctor's death, the above-men- 
tioned second edition of his Travels came out, in 1757. The 
contents of the Supplement are intei*woven in this edition 1 and 
improvements were made, and the edition prepared for the press^ 
by the Author himself, who .expressly prepared the Work, with 
these additions, alterations, and improvements, lo the publick, 
as an essay towards restoring the antient geography, and placing 
'in a proper light the natural and sometimes ciTil history, of 
those countries where he travelled. 

For a more particular account of his character. I shall sub- 
join the epitaph on his monument in Bramlw church, written 
by hw friend Dr. Joseph Browne, provost 01 Queen's college^ 
Oxford, and professor of Natural History : 

" Peregrinationibus variia 

per Europam, Africam, Asiamque^ 

feliciter absolutis, 

et exuviis mortalibus hie loci 

tandem depositis, » 

coelestem in Patriam remigravit 

Thomas Shaw, S.T.P. et R.S.S.. 

Gabrielis fil. Kendalien^is : 


€0n8ulibus Anglicis apud Algerenses 


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above Twenty-two Years, in which Time moist of 
these Discourses were preached before him. Pub- 
lished chiefly for the use of his Parishioners," one 
large 4to volume, divided into two parts *. 

primtim erat It sacris j 

mox CcSi. Reginse inter Socios ascriptus ; 

Aulse dein Sancti Edmundi Princi}Milis> 

ac ejusdem munificus instaurator ; 

Linguse demum Grsecse apud Oxonienses 

Professor Regius. 

De literiB quantum meruit auctor celebratus> 

edita usque testkbuntur opera^ 

pyramidibus ipsis, quas penititis inapexerat, 

perenniora forsan extitunu 

tUc, studiis etsi severioribus indifes occupatus, 

horis tamen subsecivis emicuit 

cruditus idem et facetus conviva ^ 

opdma quanquam mentis indole 

et multiplici scientia instnictm, 

literatorum omniutn, domi forisque^ 

fiufiragiis comprobatus ; 

magnatum, proeerumque popukrium^ 

foniliari insignitus notiti& ; 

nee aummis in ecclesiil dignitatibus impar ; 

faXo tamen iniquo evenit^ 

ut Biamleyensis obiret paroecis 

Yicaiius penb sexagenarius 

xviii. cal. Sept. A,D. 175K 

Uxor Joanna, £d. Holden arm. consulis 

Algerensis olim conjux, bis vidiia> M. P." 

"As the circumstances of Bramley vicarage are not explsdned.. . 
one doth not readily see the mifforturie of dying vicar of it. 
If it had been called a moderate or small College-living, we should 
have known at once, that a man of his well-known good cha- 
racter got only very trifling pi-eferment, and that too from his 
College, who perhaps must have given it to him had he had no 
character at all." T. F. 

* Of Uiis volume 250 copies only were printed, 50 of which 
were appropriated to a charitable use. The first part of it con- 
tains Twenty-eight Discourses preached on various occasions be« 
tween the years 1720 and 1754 ; inscribed to the parishioners 
of Acton, and of the united parishes of St. Austin and St. Faith> 
for whose service they were chiefly composed. Among these is 
his " Concio ad Clerum, xi. cal. Maii> 1752/' and three Sermons 
preached after the noted one mentioned in p. 207. The last 
time he preached before the King was Dec. 8, 1751. He resigned 
bis warrant for chaplain Nov. 23, 1752 ; after having delivered 
into his Majesty's hands his reasons in vn*iting for so d<nng.-— 
'' As age axiud infirmities," he tells them, '^ have even almost dis* 

Digitized by 



In this year Mr. Bowyer having undertaken^ at 
the request of Dr. Warburton, to correct the proof- 
sheets of the Tliird Volume of the Divine Legation, 
then printing at another press ; took the liberty of 

ahlcd me from instructing you in the pulpit (after fifty years 
constant dipchar^e of that duty) ; it is my desire to preach to you 
somewhat longer fix)m the press; that those things you have 
formerly heard, may be fixed deeper in your memories, and 
copied out in your conduct. I am in hopes, the interesting re- 
lation we bear to each other will engage you to read them with 
candour, and consider them with attention. I can truly afiBrm 
that I have given you no other directions than what I have my- 
self wished, and endeavoured to follow." The second part of 
the volume is a re-publication (with additions) of the Poems 
ahx^ady mentioned in p., 207- It contains also ''An Essay sacred 
to the Memor}' of Queen Anne, for her Bounty to the Cler^- j" 
and " An Essay tending to promote Religion ; inscribed to Sir 
John Barnard, in token of respect for his integrity in a corrupted 
age." This Essay, the Author says, " Is of a miscellaneous na- 
ture, consisting partly of verse and partly of prose, and contains 
some queer antiquated notions concerning the disposal of eccle- 
siastical prcfcnnents." The immediate cause of it was, the Au- 
thor's bcin^ disajjpointed of a canonry of St. Paul's, to which 
he had " nd other pretensions but Duty, Justice, and Reason, 
unless it ^^cI•e the exceeding convenience** of that preferment, 
a-s he had most of Pater Noster-row already under his care. 
" Another reason,*' he says, " is, that as it is attended with riches, 
it wouhi at this time be very agreeable to let into my barren 
pa>tures a small rivulet from the stream of plenty j and, as my 
little prebend in that church affords me some money for Bread, 
This would auiply supply me with Butter. The last I shall men- 
' tion is, that, a-. Archdeacon of Ixindou, my place in the Choir 
is next to that of our worthy Dean j and when Stiiplings art 
made Residentiaries, I hey ai-e still pushing for precedence, which 
thef think they have a right to (and I never contested) as most 
Money includes most Honour. Now the uniting a Canonry with 
the Archdeaconry would prevent all disputes, and make matters 
quite easy, which would be an excellent tiling in a Cathedral : 
ror Clergymen, as well as others, have a spice of ambition." — 
'^ His income, he says, was but moderate (all his preferments 
tosTcthor not exceeding 350 ^ per annum clear, which he would 
often say was as much as he desired, and more than he deserved. 
This income, frugality and moderation cwiverted into plenty, 
and contentment into haj>pincss.) And about this time be met 
Willi lo^^cs amounting to above '-ZOOOl, which reduced his sub- 
stance \eiy low." 

* A Letter which Mr. Bowyer sent to the learned Author on 
this occasion cannot nowl)c recovered) but the answer was in th^se 
words: "Matj Id, 1757. Sir, 1 ara mych obliged to you for the 
farotir of youi-s," It has slicwa rac some little explanation vns 


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proposing some alteration in the Preface, where he 
is answering Dr. Taylm^ ; (and also in the Book it- 
self, as appears below). 

necessaiy in one place, and the change of a word In another,-, 
[p. xxxviii.] As for convicti, I really think the critics changed 
it into conjunctly for not truly apprehending the nature of the 
Pagan charge of hatred. I am your vei^ humble servant, W. W. 
Pray let Mr. know that I desire he would be more ex- 
peditious. I have j-eceived but two sheets in one month. 1 
don't undei'stand convicti to signify convicted in a judicial pro- 
cess, but it appeai-ing evident to all men in their confession." — 
In the progi'Cfis of the volume the two following letters were writ- 
ten: " Oct. 7» 1757. Rev. Sir, You say, p. 109, 'The Jews 
hat! lost the sovereign administmtiou of justice [or the judicial 
power of life and death] from the time of Pompey.* Tliis id 
*urely a mistake. Poiupcy, by conquering Jerusalem, n)ade the 
Kings of Judea tributary ; but those Kings (as I believe all other 
tributary Kings) retained the power of Life and Death, till the 
countiy was reduced to a province after the banishment of ,Ar- 
chdu^is, A. D. 7. 1 need not inquire into the usual state of tri- 
butary Kings : Josephus is express in the very point beifore us. 
Wars, ii. c. 8. § 1. as in Whistou's version : And now Archdawf's 
part of Judea ivas reduced to a province; tend. Coponius, one of the 
Equestrian ordt^r anton^ the Romans, was sent Procurator, having 
the power of Life and Death put into his hands by Cdsar. A ^ 
power therefore which Archelaus exercised before. ^Vhat tlie 
JILstorian relates, Facts recorded in Sacred History confirm.^ 
Did not Herod the Great think he had the power of Life and 
Death when he slew the infants ? A. D. 37. Caligula gave the 
Tetrarchy of Philip to Herod Agi-ippa; and Claudius, A. D. 41, 
added Judea and Samaiia to it, Jos. Ant. xviii. c. 6. § 10. Dur- 
ing this deputed kingship, he exercised the power of the sword; 
and as Herod Antipas had before beheaded John, so he [Agrip- 
{»] put James to death, Acts xii. 2, &c. ^Vhich, if I remember, 
right, Mr. Lardner in his Credibility, &c. obsenes b a proof of 
the verity of the Scripture History, which fixes facts so agreeably 
to the Constitution of the Roman Government, and places the 
death of James under a King vvlio had not above three yeai-s to 
exercise tliat power over hun. P. 104, 'Ax tuis time toponiusy 
a Roaian Knight, was named Procurator of Judea,' i. e. during 
the three or four yeai*s of Christ's ministry. 1 tliiuk he was not. 
— Coj>onius was so A. D. 7, as we see above in the passage from 
Josephus. Next to him Marcus Ambivius. Then Annius Rufus. 
After tlie deatJi of AugiistU!>, Gratm was procurator for eleven 
years; and Pontius Pilate next for ten, Jos. Ant. xviii. c. 5, C. 
In A. D. 35, Pilate was sent back to Rome j and A. 0. 3G, they 
were without any procurator. A. D. 37* Tiberius died. — I need 
go no further. I write tins from such memorandums as 1 Ixadt 
cursorily made, without now re-examining theni. Where you 
are attacking great men, you should write warily 3 and though 

u» - you- 

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*' A Natural History of Fossils, by Emanuel 
Mendez Da Costa *, Fellow of the Royal and Anti- 
quarian Societies of London, and Member of the 
Imperial Academy Naturae Curiosorum of Germany, 
Vol.1. Part L" 4to. 

you are a Lion in controversy, do not refuse the assistance of a 
Mouse to disentangle you j even, Sir, your most humble scr- 
vaht, W. B.— P.S. Since I had written the above, I see in the 
Papers you have a new acquisition of Preferment [the Deanry 
of Bristol.] — I know not in what light I stand with you 3 but I 
shall always rejoice in the rise of learned men, and in whatever 
will add to your happiness in particular." — 2. " Sir, In answer to 
what you have favoured me with, I reply, ' That a power precari- 
ously enjoyed, and i-eady to be abolished at the Nod of a Conqueror, 
can never be called sovereign, which implies the being free and 
independent, without the worst abuse of words, which is the 
quibbling with them.' I am obliged to you for your congratu- 
lation. — ^Your adding, that you know not in what light you stand 
with me surprizes me, since I have given you no occasion to make 
it a doubt) unites Mr. continuing to print this volume 

has afforded the occasion. But, had I taken it from him, I know 
in what light I must have stood with honest and candid men. 
Last year, after having done so much woek for me, and 
while you had copy in your hands to do more, you surprized 
me with a message, that you could not print the second Volume 
of the D. L. for me, because you and your Partner had squabbled 
ai>out the types. On this occasion I was/orced to put it into the 

hands of Mr. . Could I in decency and common honbstt 

take it out, because, before he had finished it, you was become 
disengagecC and ready recei\^ the work? However, on the 
receipt of your letter at Durham, acquainting me with Mr. Mil- 
bur's readiness to let you have the remainder of the . Volume 
to print, I wrote to him, to tell him, that if Mr. was so dis- 
posed, you might have it } but that I would leave the matter to 
himself. — You talk of my attacking great men : I hope you 
don't reckon Taylor in the number. I am your faithful friend 
and sen'ant, W.*' 

* Librarian to the Royal Society, and member of the Botanic 
Society in Florence. He published, in J77^> ''Elements of 
Gonchology, or an Introduction to the Knowledge of Shells, 
with some Plates, containing Figures of every Genus of Shells," 
8vo ; and in 1778 "British Conchology, &c." in 4to. Proposals 
fbr printing his "Fossils'* by subscription were circulated in 
1752 ; and in the Pre&ce, Mr. Da Costa declares, that " he then 
published so much of the work as the assistance he had received 
would enable him to do ; and that the rest was ready for the 
press, and would be published with speed proportion^ to the 
generosity of those who think such researches worthy of encou- 


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Mr. Parneworth*s Translation of ** Davila's His- 
tory of France,'' 2 vols. 4to. 

" Of the Vices incident to an Academical Life; a 
Commencement Sermon, at Cambridge. By the 
Rev. Dr, W. S. Powel *;" two Editions. 

A Second Edition of Dr. Brown's " Estimate of 
the Manners and Principles of the Times,** 8vo. 

Bishop Hoadly's " Sixteen Sermons," 8vo ; and 
his " Letter to Clement Chevallier -f-, Esq." 8vo. 

* Of whoip, see umier the year 1776. 

t This Letter was occasioned by the nefarious attempt of one 
Bernard Fournier, by a forged note over a fnxik of Bishop Hoadly, 
to defraud him of no less a sum than S,6O0l. The Bishop^ it is 
well known^ was obliged to call Foumier and his note into 
Chanceryv where he obtained a judgment in his favour. A fiill 
account of this iniquitous transaction may be seen, in Chancellor 
Hoedly^B life of his Father, p. xxiii. The Letter to Mr. Che- 
vallier was an astonishing performance of a Divine turned of 
eighty-one years of age ; and he received many compliments on 
that account from some of the greatest lawyers of the age. Mr. 
Walpok humorously said, '* The Bishop had not only got the 
better of his adversary (Foumier), but of old age." — 1 may add, 
as a typographical anecdote, that this small pamphlet appears to 
have undergone so many revisals and corrections, that the mere 
typographical alterations cost the Bishop 40L — In the Preface 
to this Letter the Bishop says, " As Foumier*s affair has given 
occasion to many to make, very particular enquiries about an- 
other convert from Popery [I mean Mr. Pilloniere], who once 
lived with me, with regsird to his character and whole behaviour, 
it may not be improper to speak a word or two about him } by 
which I may satisfy the curiosity of some, and rectify the mis- 
takes of others, who, I find, have confounded them. Mr. Pillo- 
niere was of the Society of Jesus, and a priest. He came to 
England at the end of the year 1714; but not in such haste as 
to forget his instruments of orders, or as if he was fiying fi'om 
justice. He was recommended by. sevei^ learned and great 
men abroad, to their friends here^ and to me, by the most un- 
exceptionable persons at home -, as a man of parts and learnings 
and good character. What greatly confirmed the first good 
opinion of him was, that his own account of his leaving that 
Society, and their Church, was confirmed by every one, both 
friends and enemies, at iWis -, where the whole was so public, 
that it was known and attested by many Travellers, who hap- 
pened to be there at that time. In this Account, every step by 
which he was gradually led to take his resolution was laid be- 
fore the woild, with so many minute particuhws, that the deceit 
must have been discovered, if there had been any. And in his 
private conversation^ he was^ from the beginning, always re^idy, 


Digitized by 



f^ Letters concerning Taste*, by [Mr. Cooper], 
the Author of the Life of Socrates -f ," 8vo ; (the 
i;hird editioo, with additions). 

.without resene, to name every pla'co in which he had livoci, 
through his whole education, and residence, among the Jesuits. 
How different a procedure from that of the other, whose pre<;i- 
pitate flight, in the greatest hurry, is hardly yet explained. 1 
will not conceal from the Reader, that Mr. Pilloniere did not, 
for some part of his time, behave towards me agreeably to his 
obligations. This, I soon found, was occasioned by my not 
judging it proper for me to interest myself at all, by any solici- 
tations of mine, for promoting and increasing a collection of 
"money, set on foot by some wr>rthy gentlemen, in his lavour, 
without the least motion from me. And this by degrees put aa 
end to all direct coiTCspondence between us. After this, he was 
very profuse in giving away to ©there, in appearance of want, 
that competency which had been most kindly provided for him 
by his friends. By this weakness he soon found himself reduced 
to great necessities 5 and then accepted froin me, through a 
friend s hands, a small yearly a11o>»'ance 3 but without any at- 
tempt, or suspicion of attempt, to su{iply his wants by forging 
inoney-notes, over the names of othere. At length, from the 
study of the mathematical and other useful branches of learn- 
ing, he Fuddenly departed into the golden dreams of the lowest 
chemical prqjectoi's. This chancre was succeeded by a sort of 
religious madness, in which he was not content with his usual 
great temperance -, but brought himself to believe that, * by the 
promises of God in Scripture, a good man might, by degrees, 
come to live without taking any sustenance at all. In this 
attempt, he went to such excess, that his condition at last coald 
not receive any benefit from a contrary regimen. And by this 
rnanageraent he brought himself to death, in the mkist of imagi- 
nary visions and nightly conversations with Heaven. But enough 
of Mr. Pilloniere. — In 1726 was published, " La Republiquede 
Platon 5 ou de Juste et de I'lnjuste. Traduit par M. De la IHllon- 
niere; imprim^ ^Londres, aux frais, et sur les yeux duTraduc- 
teur 3" a handsome quarto volume of 319 pages, and 20 of Pre- 
l^ce, dedicated to King George I. 

' * On the first appearance of the *' Jitters on Taste" it was 
observed, that Mr. Cooper's '' /genius seemed to shine more ia 
descnption than in definition 5 that he had moie of imagery than 
of speculation 3 that his imagination was the strongest talent of 
his mind 3 and that, if he had not attempted to offer any thing 
*iew oii the subject of .Taste, he was always so entertainin|r, 
spirited, and splendid in his diction, that the reader who" is not 
instnicted by him, cannot fiiil of being pleased and diverted/* 
Literary Ma;4'R7,ine, 1757, p. 134. 

t John Gilbert Cooper, esq. of Thurgarton in Nottingham- 
shire, was tlie son of a gentleman of ffirtune and fiimily. After 
passing through Westminster school, imder Dr. Nichols, along 
Mith the late Lord Albemarle, Lord Buckinghamshire, Major 

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1757-] 'I'HE EioHrastnrH cemtu&t. 395 

A Fourth Edition of Dr. Hichard Grey's ^' Me- 
moria Technical' 8vo. 

Jdiii90ii» and the late Mr. Geot^ Aahhj, he became feliow*- 
commoner of Tiinity college, Cambridge^ and resided there two 
or three years. Soon afterwards he mairied Miss Wright, daugh- 
ter to the recorder of Leicester, and settled at his family seat. 
He died in April 17^9, after suifering a long and excruciating 
illness arising from the stone. " The Life of Socrates** may be 
ooBsidered as his magnum opus: and in compiling it he was sup* 
phed with authorities by his learned friend Mr. Jackson of Lei- 
cester. This publication was honoured by the following notice 
from Dr. Warburton : *' As Ignorance^ when joined with hu- 
mility, produces stupid admiration, on which account it is so 
commonly observed to be the mother of Devotion and blind 
homage 3 so, when joined with vanity (as it always is in bad 
Critics) it gives birth to every inicjui^ oF impudent abuse and 
slander. See an example (/or want o ktter) in a late toorth* 
las and now forgotten thing, callel ' The Life of Socrates/ 
where the head of the Author (as a man of wit ob-:erved on 
reading the book) has just made a sliift to do the ofRce of a 
camtra obscura, and represent things in an inverted order, him* 
self above, and Sprat, UoUin, Voltaire, and every other author 
of reputation below.'* This sarcasm produced from Mr. Cooper 
" Cursory Remarks on Mr. Warburton's new edition of Mr. 
Popes Works ; occasioned by that modern Commentator's in* 
jurious Treatment, in one of his Notes upon the Essay on Cri- 
ticism, of the Author of the Life of Soci*ates 3 in a Letter to a 
Friend^ 1751," 8vo; from which an exti-act shall here be given: 
** J have undei^iie," says he, "young as 1 am, too many dis- 
appointments in hfe, to wonder much at many tilings which 
the mob pf mankind call extraordinary 5 otherwise I mi^ht be 
surprised that almost a total retirement from tlie world would 
not shelter me from the injuries of it, especially too at an age 
when few have liad any concerns with it. 1 thought I might 
have enjoyed an imenvied obscurity in the most undisturbed 
peace and tranquillity, and that Calumny was too busy about the 
names of those who were candidates for fame, to tind time to 
visit the recess of one, whose contempt of every advantage of 
liie^ but what conduced to quiet, should^ it was hoped, prutei t 
him frxim the poisonous breath of that daughter of £nv\ . But 
I was greatly mistaken, it seems, in my humble expectations « 
for I had scarcely begun to teel the calm comforts which the 
absence of contention \ields to a thinking creature, befoie I was 
informed by letters from some friemls in town, tl\at Mr. Wur- 
iMirton had, wit-h his usual humanity and good manners* very 
compendiously answered the ' Life of SocnUe^' ui the tail of one 
note, by the free use of those appellations he has indiscHininately 
thrown out upon, not only all those who liave ever had any con- 
troversy with him, but upon all others too whom he e\ cr sus- 
pected to have the rashness tp contradict auv oi hJ-> opinions. 


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$g€ I^CTEEAaY A2«BCDOTB8 OF [i757« 

" Travels in Egypt and Nuliia, by Frederick Lewis 
Norden," folio and 8yo; with the ori^nal plates. 

Howsoever this would hstye alarmed me heretoibre^ a« an au- 
thor, from the pen of any other peraoa, it had no effect upon 
me then from the writer it came from, and I sat down contemp- 
tuously contented^ ivithout so much as being solicitous to know 
what abuse he had conferred upon my writings. I say ahtse, 
for he never speaks of an opponent without it. But as indif- 
lerent as I was about my character as a writer, I can't say I was 
quite so easy when 1 was afterwards told that he had attacked it 
as a man. Upon this I wrote to him, that I thought he bad 
used me very ill, and should take a proper notice of hun for it in 
public ; in answer to which he tells a friend of mine, ' That he 
was surprised I should think myself ilUnsed, for that he had 
never mentioned, my name or writings in public, or in conver- 
sation, but with )ionour, till I had wrote a book wherein I had 
treated him through the whole with a scurrility worse than Bil- 
lingsgate ', and that he had now taken no other revenge than the 
casual mention of the Author of the ' Life of Socrates* (without 
the mention of my name) with a slight joke.* I will ask any 
impartial reader, if there is the least reflection through the whole 
' life of Socrates/ or the notes, upon Mr. Warburton's morals ? 
whether I have not confined my criticism to his practice as an 
author ? and whether every thing therein advanced H:annot be 
proved over and over again by citations from the ' Divine Lega- 
tion,* and his other tracts ? At the same time I desire one part 
of the dispute betwixt us may be finished by an answer to these 
questions : Is not calling a guiltless mai> an impudent slanderer, 
<alumny, and quite a different revenge than a slight joke ? and 
lias not Mr. Warburton done that in the note in question ?** 

Mr. Cooper wrote some numbers of the periodical p^per called 
'* The World ;" was author of " Ver Vert, or the Nunnery Par- 
rot, 'an Heroic Poem in Four Cantos, inscribed to the Abbess of 
J)***** . translated from the French of Monsieur Gresset >\* 
re-printed in the first volume of ^' The Repository, 1777 ;" and 
published a volume of " Poems on several Subjects^ 1764," 8vo| 
in which many of his little poems, originally printed in " The 
Museum/' and in " Dodsley*s Collection,*' are collected. *' These 
poems,** says Mr. Dodsley, '^ having been very &vouribly received 
by the publick when they first appeared, at difierent times^ in 
detached pieces, the author has been previdled upon to permit 
me to collect them into this small volume. When I requested 
him to give me a pre£iee, he replied, "That to those whom such 
trifles aflbrtl&d pleasure, a formal introduction wouki be unneces- 
sary ; that he wrote most of them when he was very young, for 
his own auiascnient, and published them afterwaids for my 
profir J and, as they had once answered both those ends, was 
very little solicitous wliat would be the fate of them for the 
future.** " A Father's Advice to his Son,'* by Mr. Cooper, is in 
the third volume of Pearch's Collection. He was author also 


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1757-] ^"M smtmBMrm ceoturt. 997 

pTocared by Mr. Lockyer Davis ; oriemally written 
m French, and translated by Dr. PeterTempleman*. 

of '^ A Fftject for raising an Hospital for decayed Authors/' re- 
printed in the second volume of Dodaley*B Fugitive Pieces.*' His 
el^ant Latin epitaph on an infant son^ who died thp day afUr 
he waa bom, 1749, is printed in Gent Mag. 1778, p. 486, \nth 
a whimsical poetical translation. 

t Mr: Nordenwasbom at Gluck8tadtinHolstein,Ck;t. 2^,1706. 
His &ther was a lieutenant-colonel of artillery, and himself waa 
bred to anus. Being intended for the sea service, he entered, in 
1722, into the corps of cadets, a Royal establishment^ in which 
young men are instructed in such arts and sciences as are ne- 
cessary to form good sea-officers. Here he is said to have made 
a great progress in the mathematicks, ship-building, and draw- 
ing, especially in the last. He copied the works of the greatest 
masters in the art, to form his taste, and acquire their manner ; 
but he felt a particular pleasure in drawing fh>m Nature. The 
first person who took notice of this rising genius was M. De 
Lerche, knight of the order of the Elephant, and grand m^ter 
of the ceremonies. This gentleman put into his hands a colleo* 
tion of charts and topographical plans belonging to the King» 
to be re-touched and amended, in which Mr. Norden shewed 
great skill and care $ but, considering his present employment 
as foreign to his profession, M. De Lerche, in 1732, presented 
him to the King, and procured him, not only leave, knit a pen- 
sion to enable him to travel ; the King likewise made him, at 
the same time, second lieutenant. It was particularly recom* 
mended to him to study the construction of ships, especially 
such gaUeys and rowing vessels as are used in the Mediterranean. 
Accordingly he set out for Holland, where he soon became ac- 
quainted with the admirers of antiquities and the polite aits, 
uid with several distinguished artists, particularly De Reyter, 
who took great pleasure in teaching him to engrave. JPVom 
Holland he went to Marseilles, and thence to Leghorn, staying 
in each place so long as to inform himself in every thing the 
place fiiniished relating to the design of his voyage. At this 
hst port he got models made of the different kinds of rowing 
vessels, which are still to be seen at the Chamber of Models at 
the (Md Holm. In Italy he spent near three years in perfecting 
his taste, and enlai^ing his knowledge. Here his great talents 
drew the attention of persons of distinction, and procured him 
an opportunity of seeing the cabinets of the curious both in 
antiquities and medals, and of making his advantage of the 
great works of painting and sculpture, especially at Rome and 
Florence. At the latter city he was made a member of the 
Drawing Academy, and in this city he received an order from 
the King to go into E^ypt. Christian VI. was desirous of having 
a circumstantial account of a country so distant and so famous 
from an intelligent man, and one whose fidelity could not be 
'questioned; ami no one was thought more proper tlian Mr. 


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The following Letter, printed bv Mr. Bowyer, 
was this year sent officially to all the Members of 
the Society of Antiquaries : 

" SIR, Dec. 8, 1757. 

^^ It is now near two years, since the Society of 
Antiquaries of London printed, at the request, and 

Norden. He was then in the flower of his age, possessed of 
great abilities^ of a fine taste, and a courage equal to every 
danger or Baitigue^ and> to crown all, a strong desire of examin- 
ing upon the spot the wonders 9f £gypt> before he received 
the order of hb master. How he acquitted himself in this bu- 
siness appears in his " Travels." He stayed in these countries 
about a year, during which the King further promoted him ; 
and at his return, when the Count of Danneskiold-Samsoe, who 
was at the head of the Marine, presented him to his Majesty, 
the King expressed .himself greatly pleased with the masterly 
designs he had made in his travels, and desired h€ would draw 
up an account of them. At this time he was made captain- 
lieutenant, and soon after captain of the Royal navy, and one of 
the conmiissioners for building ships. When the war broke out 
between England and Spain, Count Danneskiold-Samsoe proposed 
to the King, that several of the officers of his Majesty*s navy 
should go as vohmteers into the sei^ice of the powers at war ; 
and chose Mr. Norden, in particular, to accompany his own 
nephew. Count Ulric Adolphus, then a captain of a man of war, 
in such expeditions as the English should happen to undertake. 
On their arrival in London, Mr. Norden^ whose fame had pre- 
ceded him, was received with distinguished favour ; several of 
the most considerable men at Court, and even the Prince of 
Wales, hearing of the drawings he had made in Egypt, were 
curious to see them, and shewed him great kindness. The fol- 
lowing summer he accompanied the Count on an cx^jedition 
under Sir John Norris ; and in 1740, he again went on board 
the fleet destined to America, under the command of Sir Cha« 
loner Ogle, with a design to. reinforce Admiral Vernon. After 
this, Mr. Norden spent about one year in London in great esteem, 
and was admitted a member of the Royal Society. On this oc- 
casion he gave the publick, under the patronage of Mr.Folkes, 
an idea of some niins and colossal statues, intituled, " Drawings 
of some Ruins and Colossal Statues at Tliebes in Egypt ; with 
an Account of the same, in a Letter to the Royal Society, 174*2." 
This Essay, with the plates belonging to it, gain^ him new 
applause, and heightened the desire that the publick had beibre 
conceived of seeing that work entire, of which this made only 
a small part. About this time he found his health declining, 
and proposed to the Count to take a tour to France, and to 
visit the coasts and ports of that kingdom, *in hopes that a 
change of climate might have been a means of estaUishing his 
health; but he died at Paris^ in 1742^ mufih regretted by h^ 


Digitized by 



for the use of its Members, ' A short Account of 
some Particulars concerning Domesday Book^ with 

ikcqindntance, as a person who had done honour to his country, 
aad from whom the world had great expectations. 

* Dr. Templeman was the son of an eminent attorney at Dor- 
chester, in the county of Dorset (by Mary, daughter of Robert 
Haynes, a gentleman who was bred at Wadham college, 0.\fbrd,^ 
and becmne a merchant at Bristol, but, when advanced in years, 
quitted business, and retired to Yeovil in Somersetshire), who 
died 1/49, and his widow 19 years after him, aged 93. Dr. 
Templeman was bom March 17> 171 1> and was educated at the 
Chaiter-house (not on die foimdation), from whence he pro* 
cecded to Trinity college, Cambridge ; where he took his degree 
pf Bachelor of Arts with distiaguishetl reputation. During 
his rebideuce at (^iibridge, by his own inclination, in confor- 
mity with that of his parents, he applied himself to the study of 
Divinity, with a design to enter into holy oniers j but after some 
^ime, from what cause we know not, he altered his plan, and 
applied himself to the study of physic. In the year 1736 be went 
to Leyden, where he attended the lectures of Dr. Boerhaave, 
and the Professors of the other branches of medicine in that 
celebrated Univei-sity, for the space of two yeai's or more. 
About the b^Ljinning of 1739 he retamed to London, with a 
view to enter on the practice of his profession, supported by a 
handsome allowance from his &ther. Why he did not succeed 
in that line, was easy to be accounted for by those who knew 
him. He was a man of a very Uberal turn of mind, of general 
erudition, with a large acciuaintance amongst the learned of dif- 
ferent professions, but of an indolent, inactive disposition ; he 
could not enter into juntos with people that were not to his 
liking ; he could not culti\'atc the acquaintance to be met -with 
at tea-tables ; he could not intrigue with nursCs, nor associate 
with the various knots of pert, insipid, well-bred, impertinent, 
good-humoured, malicious ga<^ii;s, that are often foiuid so use- 
Ril to introduce a yo:mg physician into practice: but rather^ 
chose to employ hU time at home in the perusal of an ingenious 
author, or to spend an Attic evening in a select company of men 
of sense and learning. In this he rebcuibled his brother Ann- 
strong, whose limited practice in his profession was owing to 
the same cause. In the latter end of the yeai' 1750 he was intro- 
duced to Dr. Fothergill (by Dr. Cuming, the fnend to whom I was 
indebted for the information in this note) with a view of instituting 
a Medical Society, in order to procure tlie earliest intelligence rf 
eveiy improvement in phj'sick from every part of Europe. An 
extract from one of his letters will give some idea of tliis plan, 
which never took effect. " 1 sjient the whole afternoon yester- 
day with Dr. Fothergill in settling the plan of our design, which 
in shoit is this : By a settled regular correspondence in the prin- 
cipal cities of Europe, to have the most early intelligence of the 
pnprovements in chemistry, anatomy, botany, chirurgery, with 

• account^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


a View to promote its being published/ In this 
account, besides many interestmg and curious par- 
accounts of epidemical diseases^ state of the weacther, remaikable 
cases^ observations, and useftd medicines. A Society to be fonned 
bere in town, to meet regularly once a week> at which meeting 
all papers transmitted to be read, and such as are approved of 
to be published in the English language, in the manner of our 
Philosophical Transactions; a pamphlet of 2^. or 2$, 6d. once in 
three months. In a dearth of new things on each of those 
heads, to extract out of the French Memoirs, German Epheme- 
lides, &c. such things as shall appear to the Society to be useful 
difcoveries or observations, and not sufficiently known or at- 
tended to. The greatest difficulty lying on us in the choice of 
proper persons to execute this design ; some being too much 
taken up in business, and others justly exceptionable as being 
untractable, presumptuous, and overbearing, llie men of busi- 
ness, however, will be of some use to us in communicating re- 
markable cases and occurrences, ^uch a work will require a 
great number of hands 5 and besides good abilities, it will be 
necessary they should be good sort of men too.'* MS Letter to 
Dr.Cuming. — ^At the same period he tells his friend, " Dr. Mead 
has very generously offered to assist me with all his interest for 
succeeding Dr. Hall at the Charter-house, whose death has been 
for soine time expected. Inspired with gi-atitude, I have ven- 
tured out of my element (as you will plainly perceive)^ and sent 
bim the following Ode : 

"Ad virum celeberrimum, Ricardum Mead, M. D. &c. 

Horrenda scribant prselia cseteri, 
Martisque lauros sanguine roscidas ; 
En civicam nectit coronam 
Teque cupit celebrare Musa ! 

Seu tu Patronus nobilis artium 
Audb, benignus sive salutifer 
Morbos levare -, idemque clarus 
Artibus excoluisse vitam. 

Ritu Herculis prima est tibi gloria 
Angues domare et liirida toxica ; 
Tu fraudibus lethi retectis 
Expedies per acuta corpus. 

Cum peste languet Gallia livida, 
Tc quisque poscit soUicitfiL prece 3 
Et te docente artes fugandi. 
Diva Salus tua dicta firmat. 

Monstrare leges, queis mare turgidiun, 
. Newtonus audet 5 fortiter adjuvans 
Monstias ei^em nos regentes 
Corporibus peperisse morbos : 


Digitized by 



ticulars^ which well deserve the attention of the 
Antiquary, the learned Author has^ with great 

O corda fratrum ! lucida sidera ! 
Ut V06 amicfe lumina jungitis ! 
Externa Newtonus retexit ; 
Ipse hoxnini interiora pandis. 

Non mille prosunt^ quels tua pectora 
Impkntur, artes ; heu rapit omnia 
Sors dura ! Divinum' Senemque 
Postera te cdebrabit setas. 

Tecum Vetustas marmora condidit^ 
Vultusque fictos undique colligis ; 
£t mox tua infixi nepotes 
Ora magis pretiosa ducent. 

Jam faita semper vincere pertinax, 
Praecepta tradis fida medentibus -, 
Sic tu brevi vitse superstes 
Esto Opifer^enientis aevi.'* 

Dr. Templeman*s epitaph on Lady Lucy Meyrick (the only Eng- 
lish copy of verses of his writing that we know of) is printed in 
the Eighth volume of the '* Select Collection of Miscellany Poems, 
1781." In 1753 he published the first volume of '* Curous Re- 
marks and Observations in Physick, Anatomy, Chirurgery, Che- 
mistry, Botany, and Medicine, extiacted from the History and 
Memoirs of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris;" and the 
second volume in the succeeding year. A third was promised, 
but I believe never printed. It appears indeed that, if he had met 
with proper encouragement from the publick, it was his inten- 
tion to have extended the work to twelve volumes, with an ad- 
ditional one of Index, and that he was prepai'ed to publish two 
volumes every year. This circumstance is taken from one of his 
own letters, in which he adds, " All my golden dream is at an 
end } for though I have the satisfaction to have the applause of 
those whose judgment I value, yet the generality of the world 
do not give me such encouragement as even to pay my expences. 
I could mil heartily ; but it signifies nothing for poor Bayes to 
fume, when the upper gallery is disposed to hiss and pelt." MS 
Letter. — Dr: Templeman's translation of Norden appeared in 
the beginning of the year 1757; and in that year he was edi- 
tor of" Select Cases and Consultations in Physick, by Dr. Wood- 
ward," 8vo. On the establLshraent of the British Museum, in 
1753, he was appointed to the office of Keeper of the Reading- 
room, which he resigned on being chosen, in 1760, Secretary to 
the then newly instituted Society of Arts, Manufactures, and 
Commerce. In the year 1762 he was elected a corresponding 
member of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Paris, and also of 
the Oeconomical Society at Berne. Veiy early in life Dr. Tem- 
pleman was afBicted with severe paroxysms of an asthma, which 


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industry, collected and pointed out several helps 
and assistances from transcripts and printed copies 
of sundry parts of that venerable Record come to 
his knowledge, which will greatly contribute to 
lessen the expence of, and facilitate the completing 
that laudable undertaking; hoping, from the ex- 
tended and collective enquiries of other worthy 

eluded the force of aU that either liis own skill, or that of tlie 
most eminent physicians then living, could suggest to him ; 
and it continued to harEiss him till hia deaths which happened 
Sept. 23, 176*9. In 1745 he mentioned this disorder to a medi- 
cal friend as returning more violently and frequently than ever, 
and in regular attacks, like an ague. His fii^nds thought him 
in a galloping consumption ; and by their advice he went to 
Hampbtead, to drink asses milk. " After lodging there," he 
says, " to no manner of puq^ose more than a month, I returned 
to town, and now began to think 1 had nothing ebe to do but 
to apply to quac^kery, and hesitated a little betwixt Ward and 
the Bishop of Cloyne. I concluded, hotlever, that the firat 
place was due to the Church, and accordingly entered upon 
Tar-water." MS Letter. — He was esteemed a person of great 
learning, particularly with res]^)ect to languages, spoke French 
with great fluency, and left the chai*acter of a humaiie, generous, 
and polite member of society. Of his two brothers, Giles is now 
rector of Winborn St. Giles, and of Chessilbom in the county of 
Dorset, to which he was presented by the Earl of Shaftesbury 
and Lord Rivere. Nathaniel, solicitor of Lincoln's Inn* one of 
the sixty clerks in Chancery, and one of the conunlssioners of 
hackney-coaches, died Dec. 21, 1774, — Dr. Templeman*s ujacle 
William was also an attorney, and was clerk of the peace for 
the county of Dorset from the accession of George H. to the 
time of his death, in 1754. He maiTied Elizabeth, daughter of 
Andi-ew Purchase, alderman of Dorchester, and great grand- 
daughter to Bishop Ironside, jby whom he had four sons, all living 
in 17b'2 : William, steward to the late Prince of Wales forDoi^set 
and Somerset, for seveial years, to the time of the Princc*s death, 
and one of tlie commissioners of the Lolteiyj Nathaniel, rec- 
tor of Aimer and Lodei-s 1753-4, and of the Holy Trinity and 
St Peter in Dorchester, 1781 ; Richard, rector of St. James, 
Shaftesbury, and of Compton Abbas or West Compton ; and 
John, an attorney-at-law in Dorchester. — It may not be improper 
to disting-uish Dr. Peter Templeman from Mr, Thomas Temple- 
man, tlie author of "Engiaved Tables, containing; Calculations of 
the number of squaie Feet and Peeple in the several Kingdoms 
of the Wor'ld ;" who, was a HTiting-masler in the town of St. 
Edmund's Bury. Both are often confounded, and the latter 
occasionally appears in quotations with the Doctor's degree of 
the foi-mer. TTiere was no consanguinity betWijU the Doctor 
and Ml'. Thomas Templcman's femily. 


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Members, whose opportunities and* meafis of. in- 
formation might be greater, to supply and reform 
what was therein wanting. The kind assistance of 
its Members in a measure so conducive to thisgneat 
design, and which had received the sanction of their 
approbation, the Society could not doubt of; and 
therefore, having allowed sufficient time, they ap- 
prehend, for finishing all necessary enquiries on 
that head, they now think of collecting, and bring-^ 
ing into the common stock, the issues of their joint 
labours and researches. For this purpose I am di- 
rected, by an order of this day, to acquaint you, 
that it is their request, that you will be pleased to 
communicate to them, by the first Thursday in f'eb- 
ruary next, an account of such transcripts, printed 
copies of, or extracts frpm any parts of Domesday 
Book as are come to your knowledge ; expressing 
therein where, or in whose hands, the same are 
now deposited *; with such further particulars as you 
shall judge material towards promoting and^accoqpi- 
plishing the publication of that noble Record, which 
the Society have mtich at heart, and from which 
they hope to reap no less emolument than honoiir. 
I am, with great respect and esteem, Sir, 
Your most obedient humble servant. 

From the House of the WiLL. NoRRIS, Secretary. 

Society of Antiquaries, 
in Chancery-lane. 

■ 1758. 

" A Report from the Committee appointed to 
enquire into the Original Standard of Weights and 
Measures in this Kingdom, and the Laws relating 
thereto; with the Proceedings of the House of 
Commons thereupon -|^; published by their Order,** 
folio. [This was one of thejirst fVorhs on which I 
was employed as a Compositor^ 

* These enquiries produced but few returns. The object of 
them, however, was afterwards effectually obtained by the muni- 
<^nce of the Legislature, in presenting. the whole work to the 
publick, as will be noticed in the proper place. 

t '• This Report deserves to be more kaown. Though it pro- 
duieed no effect> yet it displayed such a spirit of en<][uir>% and 


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'^ The Roman Antiquities of Dionysius Halicar- 
nassensis, translated intoEnglish, with Notes and 
Dissertations *, by Edward Spelraan-f-, Esq.** 4 vob. 
4to ; a work of considerable merit 

si^ch a thorough knowledge of so ntoe and uaportsnt a sulject, 
that it would have done honour to the Royal Society* with 
Sir Isaac Newton at their head. The late Lord Caiysrort was 
Chairman of the Committee. 1 think I have seen an article in 
the Encjclopedie, that Alfred (or some other monarch) obliged 
all £ngland to use the same weights and measures, which they 
gravely observe to be a very proper and desirable practice. But 
Englishmen often like belter to sufier the inconveniences of fbl* 
lowing their own fencies than submit to beneficial restraints/* T, F, 

* Name^, '* A Dissertation concerning the Arrival of /£neas 
in Italy;*' and " A Fragment out of the Sixth Book of Polybius j 
containing a Dissertation upon Government in general^ particu- 
larly applied to that of the Romans 3 with a D^rlption of the 
several Powers of the Consub, Senate, and People ot Rome, 
translated from the Greel^ with Notes } to which is prefixed a 
FJce^ej wherein the System of Polybius is applied to the Go- 
vernment of England ; and to the above-mentioned Fragment 
concerning the Powers of the Senate is annexed a Dissertation 
upon the Constitution of it/* This Dissertation had been ori- 
ginally published in 1743^ without a name. '' I bad my rea- 
sons/' says Mr. Spelman, '^ for not putting my name to tiie 
book ', though my bookseller thought fit to annex my name^ or 
something like my name, to what he called a second edition, 
without my knowledge, and to add to it a most impertinent 
thing of his own/' What the '^ most impertinent thing*' added 
by the bookseller was, or whether there really was a second edition, 
I have not been able to discover. It seems to imply that the book- 
seller added a new title,and perhaps a pretece, to the unsold cc^iies.'* 
—Mr. Bowyer afterwards printed for Mr. Spelman a few copies of 
" A Dissertation on the Presence of the Patricians in the Tributa 
Comitia," 4to ; which were given giatuitous)y to liis friends. 

f Mr. Spelman, whose residence was at High House, near 
Koogham, Norfolk, was tlur great-great-grandson of the £unous 
&• Henry Spelman. He was also the translator of Xenophon's 
'* Expedition of Cyrus, 1740,'* 3 vols. 8vo; which he dedicated 
to Lord Lovell, a descendant from Sir Edward Coke, chief 
justice, after\%'ards Viscount Coke and Earl of Leicester, whom 
be celebrates for his learning and great taste. The original 
publisher was R. Wellington ; and it was reprinted in one 
volume, 1776. — Mr. Spehnan died March 12, 1767. In 1776 
were published, "TwoTracts on the following Subjects: L "Ad- 
ditional Observations on the Greek Accents i intended as a Sup- 
plement to what has been already said on that Subject, in the 
PrefiBu:e to the Roman Antiquities of Dionysius HaUcamassen- 
fiis^ hj the late Edward Spehnan, Esq. Published by the Rev. 


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''A State of Facts in Defence of his Majesty^s « 
Right to certain Fee Farm Rents in the County 
of Norfolk,'' 4to. by Philip Carteret Webb *, esq. . 
(only 100 copies). 

" A Letter to Dr. Stukeley /* Q. what ? 

Mr. Vertue*s *• Catalogue of King James the 
SecoQcf s Collection of Pictures, Busts, Statues, &c.** 
4toK ♦ 

" Kymber-f-, a Monody, to Sir Armine Wode- 
house, Bart by Mr. Potter iji^" 4to. 

Mr. Umom Master of the Free-sehoq^ in Norwich.** IL ^' Th6 
Voyage o£ jEneas from Troy to Italy. By the Rev. Mr. Lemon." 
—la a Dec&iicatton to Dr. Philip Yonge, Kshop of Norwich^ Mr. 
Lemon iqpokgtzes for having delayed publishing the Observatious 
of Mr. Spelman for five yeara» by their liaving been put into the 
bands of Dr. Gregory Sharpe ; " whose close attention to his own 
publications occasioned his postponing his proouse till Death: 
deprived him of an opportunity of completing it."-^''The abili- 
ties of Mr. Spdman as an author/* he add^ ** are sufficiently 
establisbed i the Literary World having, ' in sevend instanee^ 
eij^retted their regard for bas Works ; and his Translation!) froot 
the Greek language have acquired hiai a lasting name.** — " I 
happened is» &U in with him once for a short time at Dr. Tay** 
Wi, in Amen Corner. When 1 saw the Doctor next, he told 
me diat Spdman asked him who I was ^ and being told that I 
wai a Fellow of a College, he said, ' Good God ! doth any Fd«> 
low of a College know any thing of Greek Y It happened that 
I had attempted to set him right in a passage that he had totally 
mislaken. His speech was certainly a curious one, as Dr. Taylor 
had been of the order reprobated almost all his life. I shouki 
have thought it rude to have said the same of country gent]emen> 
though they are not obliged to understand Greek, which can 
hardly be said of gownsmen without affiront : yet I understand 
the speech was intended as a compliment to me.** 7. F. 

* Of whom see before, p. 979. 

t A panegyric on Sir Armine Wodehouse and his ancestors. 

X Robert Potter was educated at Emanud college, Cambridge; 
B. A. 1741 } M. A. 1788 5 and prebcndaiy of Norwich. His fii^t 
preferment was the vicarage of Scarning, Norfolk. He u-as a clia- 
inacter of the highest distinction as a classical scholar ; the literary 
worid havii;^ been most intrinsically indebted to him for excels 
Hit poeticid versions of tlie three Greek Tragedians. He pub* 
l»hed, 1774, an octavo volume of Poems, most of which had before 
appeared separately, many very pretty compositions^ particularly 
a beantiful Farewell Hymn to the Country, in imitation of Spen- 
ser. Thi'ee years after this, his translation of ^schylus made 
its appearance in a quarto volume, and has since been re-printed, 
with the addition of notes, in two volumes octavo. Of the ex- 


^^ Imitations of Horace, by Thomas Nevile *, 
M* A. Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge,** 8vo. 

cellence of this translation it is hai'dly possible to say too much ; 
many of the parts are so exquisitely beautiful a» to leave us in 
doubt whether any Poet could have accomplished the task with 
g^reater success. In I7S1 he published the first volume of hia 
translation of Euripides, in quarto; in t!ie following year, the 
second ; and> 178S> that of Sophocles, in the same size. These 
last-mentioned versions are> on the whole, infSerior to his first 
production, yet they are each of them excellent performances, and 
equal, if not superior, to those of Mr. Wodhull and Dr. Franklin. 
Besides these very laborious works, Mr. Potter published, in quarto, 
1783, **An Enqmry into some passages in Dr. J6hnson's lives rf 
the Poets;" and, in 1785. in quarto, '^ATranslation of the Oracle 
conceiiiing Babylon » and the Song of Exultation, irorn Isaiah, 
chap. XIII. and XIV." and "A Sermon on the Thanksgiving for 
the Peace, 1802." — ** In bis Weightiest chai*acier, as translator 
of the Greek Tragedians, we must complinient ]\lr. Potter on the 
very singular service which he has done to the liteitiiy world. 
It was an undertaking which to many would hare ap]Xiaxed toc^ 
great for the lite of man; and, considering the success witb 
which so much labour has been accomplished, and the amiable 
character Mr. Potter bears as a member of society, we may well 
i>e surprized he had not eai'ly attracted the hotice of those who 
are able and willing to confer honours and prefemients when 
they meet with peculiar desert." Memoirs of Living Auihon, 
Vol. II. p. 153. — By his death the republick of letters lost one cf its 
best and most unassuming ornaments. His manners were sim- 
ple, and his lifiB exemplary. He was a scholar of the Old School f 
ancl nothing tempted him to relinquish dif ine and polite litera- 
ture. It was not till after he liad completed his last translation, 
that of Sophocles, that Mr. Potter obtr.ined any preferment ia 
the church higlier than that of vicar of Lowestoft. He had been 
a schoolfellow of LoidThurlow, and had constantly sent his 
publications to that gi'eat man, without ever soliciting a single 
favour from him. On receiving a copy of the?* Sophocles, how- 
ever, his Lordship wrote a short note to Mr. Potter, acknow- 
ledging the receipt of his books from time to time, and the 
pleasure they had afforded him, and requesting Mr. Potter's ac- 
ceptance of aprebendal stall in the catlt^ral of Nwwicft, which* 
with his vicarage, rendered him eomfortaUe for the remainder 
of a life devoted to those pui-suits which best become a profound 
scholar and a true Christian. He was found dead i^ his bed, at 
Lowestoft, Aug. 9, 1804, at the advanced age of 83. He is sup- 
posed to ha%e completed a work, not yet published, but which 
would be a desii-able aci^uisltion to the literary world, consisting 
of i)ibg]aphical notices of Norfolk literati, from the time of 
Queen Elizabeth to the present day. 

* First of Emanuel, tlien n^movcd to Jesus college. Cambridge; 
B.A. 17455 M.A. 1749. In 1-767 he published a tra»slation 
of " The Georgics of Virgil," from tjic Cambridge press j and in^ 

- 176» 


Two editions of " Sketches, or Essays on various 
Subjects, by Launcelot Temple, Esq." [Dr. John 

1769 completed ^' his design of familiarising to the young Reader 
the Roman Satire consistently with the more immediate aim of 
delineating pi-esent manners/* by }m Imitations of Juvenal and 
Persius. " I received a very obliging letter from Mr.Nevile, in 
mnswer to one acknowledging the receipt of Ins book. I will not 
trouble him with, my thanks ; but leave it to you to assure him 
of my sincere thoughts of his performance^ and of my constant 
esteem and affection. Jf it was in my power to make hun Master 
of Jesus, I would offer him my friendship too y for this being the 
polite tenn which the honester part of the great' use, when they 
mean favours, it would be worth offering. As it is, it is of no 
worth but to such disinterested men as you." Dr, WarbuTton to 
Mr. Hard, April 2, 1758. — " Pray let Mr. Nevile know how 
much I am pleased with his approbation." Ibid. Sept. 3.-^ Mr. 
Nevile died Sept. 17, 1781. 

* This gentleman, wlio was born in Castleton parish, Rox- 
burghshire, where his &ther and brother were ministers, com- 
pleted his education in the university of Edinbuigh, where he 
took his degree in physick, Feb. 4, 1732, with^much reputation ^ 
and publisl^d his Thesis, as the forms of that University require $ 
the subject was " De Tabe purulent^." In 1735 he published a 
little humorous fugitive pamphlet, in 8vo, printed for J. Wil- 
ford, intituled, '* An Essay for abridging the Study of Physick ; 
to which is added a Dialogue betwixt Hygeia, Mercury, and 
Pluto, relating to the Practice of Physick, as It is managed by a 
certadn illustrious Society. As also an £pist]e from Usbek, the 
Persian, to Joshua Ward, Esq." The Dedication runs thus : 
'' To the Antacademic Philosophers, to the generous Despisers 
of the Schools, to the deservedly^celebi-ated Joshua Ward, John 
Moor, and the rest of the numerous sect of inspired Physicians) 
this little work is huLnbly inscribed, by their most devoted ser- 
vant and zealous admirer." This piece contains much fim and 
droUeiT j in the dialogue, he has caught the very spirit of Lu^ 
cian. It is not mark^ with his name, but I can, on the best 
authority, asseit tliat he was the author of it. In 1737 he pub^ 
lished, with his name to it, "A Synopsis of the History and Cure 
of Venereal Diseases," 8vo, inscribed, in an ingenious dedication, 
to Dr. Alexander Stuart, as to "a person whp had an indisput- 
able right to judge severely of the performance presented to 
him." In an adveitisement in " The Ci-aftsman," No. 561, 
April ^, 1737, Dr. Annstrong says, " This Book contains an 
Abridgment of the several Wiiters, upon these Diseases, in the 
Venetian Collection, and of Dr. Astruc's late Book upon the 
same Subject j with Notes upon the whole Collection. To 
which is prefixed a new Translation of Dr. Boerhaave's Preface to 
the I^yden Edition of those Authors, and a complete Index 61 
the Contents sulyoined." This was soon followed by the '* 0ec6* 

Digitized by Vju^vlC 


An Edition of " Cicero's Tu«culan Disputations/* 

tiomy of Love,*** a poem wliieh* Has much merits but, it must be 
confessed, is too strongly tinctured with the Hcentiousoess of 
Ovid. Let me add, howevey, that his maturer judgment ex-* 
punged many of the luxuriances of youthful fancy, in an edition 
<^ revised and corrected by the author*' in 1768. It appears by 
one of the Cases on literary Property that Mr. Miliar paid fifty 
guineas for the copy-right of ikas poem, which was intended as 
a burlesi|ue upon some didactic writers. It has been observed 
of Dr. Armstrong, that his works have great inequalities, some 
of them being possessed of every requisite to be sought after m 
the most perfect composition, while others can hardly be consi- 
dered as superior to the productions of mediocrity. The *' Art 
of preserving Health/' his best pei'&^nnance, which was publbhed 
in 1744, and which will ti^ansiuit his name to posterity a9 one of 
the first English writers, has been honoured with the following 
testimony of a respectable Ciitic : "To describe so difficult a 
thing gracefully and pocticaUy, as the ejects of a dtstem})er on 
the human body, was reserved f«r Dr. Annstiong ; who accord- 
ingly bath nobly executed it at the end of the third book of his 
Ai|t of pieserving Health, where he hath given us that pathetic 
account of the sweating sickness. There is a dassieal correct* 
Bess and closeness of style in this Poem that are truly admirable^ 
smd the subject is raised and adorned fay numberless poetical 
images.'^ Dr. Warton*s " Reflections on Didactic Poetry," an- 
nexed to his edition of Virgil, vol. I. p. 329. — On tliis'work I 
flhall also transcribe a beautiful elogium from an eminent phy* 
sician (Dr. James Mackenzie's " History of Health, &c.** third 
edition, £dinb«i]gh, I76O, pp.2S7> 228) : " Of all the poeUcai 
performances on this su]:igect, that have come to my hands^ Dr. 
Armstrong's Art of preserving Health is by hr the best. To 
fuote every channing description and beautiful passage of thi» 
poem, one must transcribe the Mhi)le. We cannot, however, 
expect new rulea, where the principal design was lo raise and 
warm the heart into a compliance with the solid precepts of the 
Antients, which he has enforced with groat strangth and ele- 
gance. And, upon the whoie, he lias convinced us, by his own 
example, that we ought not to blame Antiquity lor acknow^^ 

" One power of physick, melody, and song.'* 

In 1746 Dr. Armstrong was a^jpointcd one of the physicians to 
the Hospital for Lame and Sick Soldiers behind Buckingham 
House. In 1751 he published his Poem *' on Benevolence," in 
folio J and in 1753, "Taste, an Epistle to a young Critic." In 
1/58 appeared, " l^etches, or Es^says on vftrious Subjects, by 
Launcciot Temple, Esq. in Two Parts," In this production, 
above mentioned, which possej=«es much hutnour and knowledge 
or '\ /.orld, and which had a remarkably rapid sale, he is sup- 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


Two Sermons of Bishop Sherlock's, printed in 
12mo, 1758, for his friend the Rev- William 
Clarke, by the Bishop's express permission. 

posed to have been assisted by Mi*. Wilkes. In 1760 he bad the 
iiononr of being appointed physician to the army in Germany.; 
•where, in 1761, be wrote a poem called " Day, an Epistle t© 
John Wilkes, of Aylesbury, esq.*' In this poem, which is not 
<;ollected fai bis Works [it is preserved in Almon's " New Found- 
Sing Hospitisd for Wit> 177^," vol. V. p. 110], he wantonly 
hazarded a reiectioa on Cbuvohill, which drcw on him the 
serpent-toothed vengeance of that severest of satirists, whose 
•embalming or coiTOsive pen coidd deify or lampoon any man* 
according as be acquiesced with, or dissented from, his political 

'' £scap*d Iran London now four moons, and more^ 
i greet gay Willoes from Fulda*s wasted ^ore. 
Where clothM with woods a hundred b3ls aaoend. 
Where NatuK many a paradise has plfiMf d : 
A knd dut, e*en amid contendiDg arms^ 
Late 5mil*d with culture, and luxuriant charms ; 
But now the hostile scythe has bared her soil. 
And her sad peasants starve for aU their toil. 
What news to-day ?— I ask you not what rogue* 
What paltry imp of fortune ^s R0W in vogue; 
What forward bluadering fool was last preferred. 
By mere pretence distinguished from the herd 4 
With what new cheat the gaping town is smit ; 
What cracy Scribler rcngns the present Wit ; 
What stuff for winter the Two Booihi have mixt ; 
Whdt bouncing Mimick grows a Roscius next.^' 

la almost the last lines of poetry which Churchill lived to 
f^nte, after referring those Who hinted that he would " run his 
«tock of genius out** to some writers who had obtained what he 
thought unmerited celebrity, he thus pointecQy concludes the 
catalogue with Jh. Armstrong : 

'5 Let them, with Armstrong, taking leave of Sense, 
Bead musty lectures on Benevolence, 
Or con the pages of his gaping Day, 
Where all his former fame was thrown away. 
Where all but barren laboiu* was forgot. 
And the vain stiffness of a Lettered Scot ; » 

Let them with Armstrong i^ass the tern) of lights 
But not one hour of darikness ; when the night 
Suspends this mortal coil, when Memory wakes. 
When for our past misdoings Conscience takes 
A deep revenge, when, by Reflection led. 
She draws his curtains, and looks Comfort dead» 
Let every Muse be gone ; in vain he turns 
Aad tries to pra^ for sleep ; an Mian burns> 

A more 

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A more than ^^tna, in his coward breast. 
And GuOty with vengeance arm'd, forbidis him rest. 
Tho* soft as plumage from young Zephyr's wing. 
His couch seems hard, and no relief can bring. 
, . Ingratitude hath planted dagg;ers there. 

No good man can deserve, no brave man bear.'* 
I make no apology for this citation -, as it will never obscure the 
character of a humane, benevolent, kindly affectioned, man of 
genius, who was incapable of the crime with which he is chai^ged. 
— It may be here observed, that notliing appears so i^tal to the 
. intercourse of friends as attentions to politicks. The cordiality 
which had subsisted between Dr. Armstrong and Mr. Wilkes was 
certainly interrupted, if not dissolved, by these means. In 1770 
Dr. Armstrong published a collection of *' Miscellanies," in two 
volumes; containing, 1. "The Art of preserving Healtli^" 
2. " Of Benevolence, an Epistle to £umenes ;'* 3. " Taste, an 
Epistle to a young Critic, 1753 j" 4. " Imitations of Shakespeare 
and Spenser 5 " 5. " llie Universal Almanack, by NoUTeddin 
AU3" 6. "The Forced Marriage, a Tragedy j" 7. "Sketches." 
In an advertisement to these volumes. Dr. Armstrong says, he 
*' has at last taken the trouble upon him to collect them, and to 
have them printed under his own inspection; a task that he had 
long avoid^l; and to which he wpuld hahlly have submitted 
himself then, but for the sake of preventing their being, some 
time hereafter, exposed in a ragged mahgl^ condition, and 
loaded with more ikults than they ori^nally had : while £vihen} 
it might be impossible fbr him," by the change perhaps of one 
letter, to recover a whole peridd from the most contemptible 
nonsense. Along with such pieces ks he had formerly ofiered to 
the publick, he takes this opportunity of presenting it with se- 
veral others; some of which had lain by him many years. Wliat 
he has lost, and especially what he has destroyed, would pro^ 
bajbly enough have been better received by the great msgority 
of readers, than any thing he has published. But he never 
courted the publick. He wrote chiefly for his own amusement ; 
and because he foxmd it an agreeable and innocent way of some- 
times passing an idle hour. He has always most heailily despised 
the opinion of the viohilitij, from the lowest to the highest : and 
if it is true, what he has sometimes been told, that the best 
judges are on his side, he desires no more in the article of ^no 
and rehown as a writer. If the best judges of tlds age honour 
him with their approbation, all the worst too of the next wiH 
favour him with theira ; when by Heaven's grace he'll be too far 
beyond the roach of their unmeaning praises to receive any dis- 
gust from them.*' In 1771 he published "A short Ramble 
through spmp parts of Fi-ancc and Italy, by Launpelot Temple;** 
and in 1773, in his own name, a quarto pamphlet, under the 
title of '* Medical Essays ;'* towards the conclusion of which, he 
accounts for his not having such extensive practice as some of 
his bi*ethren, from his not being qualified to eniploy the usual 
means, from a ticklish state of spirits, and a distempered excess 
pf sensibility. He complains much of the beha\iour of some of 

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1 758.] TilE EIGHTEENTH CENTURT. 3 1 1 

Mr. George Walker's * ^^ Narrative of the Si^ of 
liondondeny," republished by Dr. BrowiX'f', who did 
all he could to reform and revive us, " as a useful 
Lesson to the present Times, with a prefatory 
Address to tlie Publick/' 8vo. 

" Lectures concerning Oratory, delivered at Tri^ 
nity College, Dublin, by John Lawsoii |, D. D.^ 

bis Brethren, of the herd of Criticks, and pasticularly of the Re- 
Tiewers. He died in September 1779; and, to the no small 
fiiirprise of his friends, left behind him more than 3000/. saved 
out of a very moderate income, arising principally from his half- 
pay. — The late worthy Dr. Cxuning, a most resijectable physi- 
cian at Dorchester, has enabled me to add some further traits to 
the character of this Ingenious writer : " I was early acquainted 
"With Dr. Armstrongs have visited him at his lodgings, knew 
many of his intimates, have met him in company, but, frosp 
my having visited the metropolis so seldom since my residence 
in Doi-setshire, I was not so well acquainted with him as I 
should othemise have been, or \vi5hed to be. He al^vays ap- 
peared to me (and I was confirmed in this opinion by that of Ins 
most intimate friends) a man of learning and genius, of consi- 
derable abilities in his profession^ of great bencvcQence and 
goodness of heart, fond of associating with men of parts and 
genius, but indolent and inactive, and therefore totally unqua- 
lified to employ the means that usually lead to medical employ- 
ments or to elbow his way through a crowd of competitors. An 
intimate friendship alwap subsisted between the Doctor and the 
Author of the Seasons, as well as with other gentlemen of learn- 
ing and genius; he was intimate with, and respected by. Sir 
John Pringle, to the time of his death.** On the authority also 
of a letter to Mr. Wilkes, in 1795, from the widow of Mr. 
George Armstrong, who was the brother of Dr. John Arm- 
strong, I can assert that " Dr. Armstrong had always in his 
heart a very great ifgai'd for Mr. Wilkes, as a very pleasant 
companion, who had always been kind to him. In his last ill- 
ness he said that Mr. Wilkes had got him into the Army ^ and 
that, though he had been rash and hasty, he still retained a due 
sense of gratitude.** 

* " Rector of Donaghmoorc, in the' county of Tirone. Th« 
work was originally published in 1689 ; and occasioned a consi- 
derable controversy. Mr. Walker acquij*ed such a military taste 
by this gallant atchievement, that he sacri6ced his life at the 
battle of the Boyne. It was thought, had he lived, he would 
have been presented to the sec of Deixy, vacant by the death of 
Dr. Hopkins, three days before.'* GougJis British Topography, 
vol. II. p. 80S. 

t See the full title, vol. I. p. 19^. 

i Dr. Lawson died January 9^ 1759. 


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" Sophoclis Tragoediae Septem, Scholiis Veteribus 
illustratae : cuoi Versione et Notis Thomffi John- 
soni. Accedunt Vari« Lectiones, et Emendationes 
Virorum ^docto^um'undecunque collatae. Duobus 
Voluminibus/' Four * only of these Plays were 
printed by Mr. Bowyer ; but in those the publick 
are indebted to him for more than barely the manual 
operation, as is evident from the introduction ex- 
tmeted below ;;|-. I have his copy of the Seven 

* Ajax FTagellifer; Electra; Antigone; Trachiniap. The 
. other three, which were printed by Mr. Pote at Eton, are Oedi- 
pus Tyrannus^ pr rather Rex Oedipys^ Philoctetes^ and Oedipivi 

f <' Typographus Lectori S. Ex Septem Sophoclis TragoBdiis 
Ajaeem et Electram edidit Johnsonus, A. D. 170^ quibus versi- 
onem, notas, et varia^tes leetionfes adjiecit : Dein Antigonen, e| 
Trachinias cum notis, sed absque v^is lectiof^ibus, A. D. i70S. 
Hae quatuor &bul«e jimctim reeusae sunt A. D. 1746, quibus tres 
csetcrss accessere cum versione itidem Johnsoni, et scnoIii|6te in 
Oedipo non ante vulgato. Neve in hltc quasi pqsth^InSL editlone 
tribus febulis sua deessent notarum ad^umenta, vir quidam in? 
genio et doctrine solertissimus pkirimas congessit^ unde John- 
son! operam jIn h^c parte lenitis desidcai-aremus, £& yerd edi? 
tione jam divendit^, et novd, flagitat^ me xogat Blbiioppl^^ tit 
aliquem commendarem, qui talem moliretur. Cumque ncsao 
inveniretur, nisi qui esset aut impar oneri, aut mercedi plus.- 
quam par, me tandem hortatur, ut ipse pro officio aliquem panr 
num attexerem, . ne liber giuti^ novitatis penitiis destitueretur. 
Bum sched^ igitur sub prelo properantur, imb sub duobus prer 
lis, variantes leetiones, quas Johnsonus ad finem duaixim ^bu- 
larum apposuerat, suis paginis subjeci, quo iacilitts oculos aUir 
perent, et essent ad usum promptiores. Tres fabulas, duos sci- 
licet Oedipos et Antigonen, vir doctissimus Joannes Burtonus 
Etonensis, S.T. P. edidit, dicam, an editurus est, aut alius quis- 
piam sub ejus auspiciis. Inde leetiones in Antigonen transtuli j 
in aliis utvisque idem facturus, nisi quod, cum sub alio prelo 
essent elabonitsc, nollem axroganter ninus faleem in alLenas se- 
getes immittere. Veisionem in quibus plerisque locis Johasonus 
refingendum admon^it, refinxi ; quod non in omnibus, faten- 
dum est non bene provisLs consiliis id debeii. In h&c parte sper 
rabam aliquid auxUii e3^ editipne J^ndinensi, A.D. 1722, in 12». 
pujus dcdipationi subscribuntur literee initiates A. B. Sed in 
Ajace et Electi^ yersionem Johnsoni, quafe in hicem turn prodi- 
prat, arripuit, in qateris Winseniii. Hanc xxrot 'sro^o^ sequitur 
^tio Glasguensis, A.D 1745, nisi quod Johnsoni notulas in 
quatuor ti-agoedias ad finem adjunxent j ^t taineu collectanea, 
quce ad caetenip accessere, omisit. Emendationes in textum et 
scholia undecunque potui, Karot xr^crtv tS x«i^«, com*asi, et mes- 
^m^ quam vir doctus ad duos Oedipos et Plulucteten contulerat^ 

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Plays, improved throughout with marginal observa- 
tions; the Ajax, in particular, is accurately corrected 
in the hand- writing of Mr. Markland *. In revis- 
ing the Ajax and Electra, Mr. Bowyer had the as- . 
sistance of Mr. Palairet -f-. The pains, however, • 
bestowed on this Edition were most ungraciously 
acknowledged by a subsequent Editor :}:, in I7.75. 

manipulo au!d. In cstpiis Tragoediis nptse, quae T. J. nomine 
non sunt insigntt®, nunc prim^m accessere. Inter has quae- 
dam loca in scholiis ad Ajaceni videbis feliciter re^tituta k viro 
docto anonymo; unde facilfe senties quam multa restant restitu* 
enda. Dudum conquestus est Henricus Stephanus in Schedias- 
xaate 11. c. 13, errores quaiuj)lurimos ex conipendiari^ MSStonun 
scriptura esse ortos. Quales quidem non nisi eodem fonte, ex 
quo proftuxere, sunt diKiendi. Ex utroque prelo novi errores ac- 
crerere^ quos petimus nt aequo animo feras, niemor nos aliquam 
materiam futuro editori suffecissc, et paululiUn incuria; tumul* 
tuari^ qo^ara diligenti^ compen^^ilssa" 

* lu a letter to Mr. Bowyer, dated March 6, 1758, Mr. Mark- 
land sayB, •* I see you have altered the order of tlie Plays in So- 
phoclcg, and put Antigone in the third place, instead of Oedi- 
pus Tyraunus. I suppose this was done by the command of my 
lords the booksellers ; and the l^racliiuiac I should jud^e to h^ 
the last in your edition, by the Finis, and the Adden£i out of 
Sam Petit, who, though an excellent schokir, had just as much 
taste of the Poets as a cow has of a leg of mutton. I would 
send you a gallant coiTection of that place in the Trachiniae, 
V. 1176. n^oj Twv 'srvtotTuf, &c. which puzzled Johnson so much, 
and so justly ; but it is troublesome to me to write, hanng the 
gout in both hands and both feet, and not able to stii' out of my ^ 
chair to get at any book." 

t I shall pi*esent the retlder with a short coiTespondence on 
this subject: '*June^9, 1756. " Doleo to, vir doctissime, adverse 
yaletudine uti ; et vehcnicnter vercor ne aliquis accedat morbi 
tui fomes ex schedis Sophoclis perlegendis : Impresentiarum ut 
percas tibi rogo et obt&^tor, et ut niihi rcmittas schedam, quam 
babes, inemendatLun. Ipse cam relegam, et tuas opis, quantum 
potero, vicem pncs^abo. Vt Deus salutem tibi restituat, omt ex 
ammo G. Bowyer." — '* Carissimc vir, melius me liabeo; cor- 
rexi schedam, et h(xiie postmeiidiem i)er pennipostam tibi rc- 
misi. Ut prosper^ valetudine utaris ex animo apprecor. Vale, 
meque tui studiosum amare pcr^e. Palaibet." 

I '' In textu Grsco exhibendo, editionem Johnsonianam se- 
puti sumfus. . . . VLx dici potest quam infinita Scholiorum &r- 
rago in postrcm£t cdiiionc, qui£ prodiit I^nd. 1758, in duobus 
Yokuninibus, 8vo. a[)i)aruit. Omnia ita vitiata et transposita 
erant, ut rudis indigestaque |)Otii)u vocum moles, quam Sopho- 
clis expositio, viderentur. ' Haec jam sub incudem rcvocata, et 
piaxjmo cum labore recensita^ nunc primtun ad suam paginam 

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A Seventh Edition of Dr. Brown's *^ Estimate *r 
and a very large impression of a Second Part of^ 
that popular Publication ; which was followed by 

" An Explanatory Defence'' of it. 

Towards the close of the year a report was cir- 
culated that Mr. Bowyer was about to retire from 
business ; a report which gave rise to the following 
correspondence with the celebrated English Roscius. 
The letters, I believe, will not be thought a dis- 
credit to the memory of either of them. 

1. To David Garrick-f*, esq. Soutliampton-street» 

" SIR, Nov 1758. 

^^ The last time I saw you, I had the honour 
of your hand. I am since surprised to understand 
that you have carried to the Speaker the interest of 

proprio magis justoque ordine disponuntur. In reliquis ex* 
purgandis longiti3 quidem elaboravissenius, si temporis angustis 
aliaeque curae non impedivissent," J. T. — This quotation needs 
no comment. If this editor had taken the text of Bow}'er for his 
copy instead of that of Johnson, he would have saved himself 
the trouble of weeding-out manrj of the typographical blunders 
he complains of. 

* " You think so justly and generously of the foolish Estimator 
and his mean rascally railcrs, that I shall tell him what you say. 
I am glad you have done the discoui-se on Chivalry j for tliis looks 
as if you was got fonvard with the Dialogues." Dr. IVarburton 
to Mr, Hard, Sept, 3, 1758. ^ 

t This excellent Actor, whose name will ever be held in re- 
spect by the admirers of theatrical representations, was the son 
of Peter Garrick, a captain in the army, who genei-ally resided 
at Litchfield. He was born at Hereford, where his lather \^'as 
on a recruiting part}', and baptized Feb. 20, 1716, as appears by. 
the church register of the parish of All Souls in that city. His 
mother's maiden name was Clough, daughter to one of the vicars 
in Litchfield cathechral. At the age of ten years he was put 
under the care of Mr. Hunter, master of the grammar-school at 
Litchfield ; and very early shewed his attachment to dramatic 
entertainments, having in the year 1727 represented the charac- 
ter of Serjeant Kite in the Recruiting Officer with great ap- 
plause. From school he went to Lisbon, to visit his uncle 5 but 
stayed only a short time there before he returned to England ; 
on which he went again to Mr. Hunter ; and in 1735 became 
the pupil of Mr Samuel Johnson, who about that time under- 
took to teach the<*lassics to a ceitain number of young gentle- 
men. But even under this most able tutor, the vivacity of his 
character unfitted him for serious pursuits^ and his attachment 


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your hearty in behalf of another, to print the Pbtes 
for him. You did so, I doubt not, on a report 

to the Drama prevailed over every other object. After a time, 
Mr. Johnson grew tired of teaching ; and Mr. Garrick being 
desirous of a more active Me, the tutor and pupil took the reso- 
lution to quit Litchfield, and try their fortunes in the Metro- 
polis. They accordingly set out together, on the 2d of March, 
1736 3 and on the 9th of the same month, Mr. Garrick was en- 
tered of Lincoln's Inn, it being then intended that the Laiv 
should be his profession. Having had a recommendation from 
Mr. Walmsley to Mr. CoLson, master of the school at Rochester, 
he, on the death of his imcle, about 1737, went directly thither, 
with a \'iew to iinish his education. In the company of so ra* 
tional a philosopher as Mr. Colson, he was imperceptibly and 
gradually improved in the talent of tliinking and I'easoning $ 
nor were the example and precepts of so wise a man vainly bc» 
stowed on a mind so acute as that of Garrick. His Either died 
soon after, and was not long survived by his mother. He then 
engaged in the wine trade, in partner:ihip with his brother, 
Peter Garrick ; but this Connexion lasting but a short time, he 
r^olved to try liis talents on the stage > and in the summer of 
1741 went down to Ipswich, where he acted with great applause, 
under the name of LycUlal. The part which he firat performed 
was that of Aboan, in tlte tragedy of Oroonoko. After a sum- 
mer spent in the countiy, he determined to venture on the 
London "stage. He had now essayed his powers, and considered 
himself as worthy to apjiear in 4 liigh form on nny theatre ; but 
it is generally said, that the then director of Drui y Lane and 
Covent Garden could not be induced to entertain the same sen- 
timents. He was therefore obliged to accept the offtp of Mr. 
Gifiard, master of Goodman^s Fields play-house, who engaged 
him ; and he made his first appearance there on the Idth of 
October, 1741, with great success, in the character of Richard 
the Tliird. [It appeals by Davies's " Life of Garrick," that the 
audience at fin>t were totally at a loss whether to clap or hiss," 
&c.] This desei'ves to be insisted on, as it shews how little qua- 
lified people are to judge of any thing at first. AfterwarSs, 
when half a dozen people had thou«;ht proper to declare their 
approbation, then servility, faahioB, &c. followed of course, and 
joined the cry. I know nothing of music ; but it is certain that 
the merit of the Italian music, which, like their painting, is 
undoubtedly the best in the world, was not only not perceived 
in England at first (and in France not yet), but such people as 
Addison endeavoured puidich to decry it as bad. 3' F. 

The seeing a young roan, in no more than his twenty-fourth 
year, reaching at one single step to that heia;ht of perfection which 
maturity of years and long practical exp- rienoe liad not been 
able to bestow on the then capital pei-fcrnere of the Engljsh 
stage, was a phaenomenon which could not hut become the ob- 
ject of universal speculatiouj and a$ umvcr>«d admiration. The 

tl^tpes , 

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that I was to print them no more ; a report raised 
without the least foundation, and propagated by 

theatres towards the court-end of the tofwn were pn this occa- 
aion deserted^ persons of all ranks flocking to Cioodnuin^s Fields, 
where Mr. Garrick continued to act till the close of the season, 
when, having very advantageous teims offered him for perform- 
ing in Dublin during some part of the sununer, he went over 
thither, where he found the same just homage paid to his merit, 
which he had reoeived from his own coimtrjmen. In the ensu- 
ing winter, however, he engaged himself to Mr. Fleetwood, 
manager of Drury L,'me playlKMise -, in which theatre he con- 
tinued tiU the year 1745, in the winter of which he again went 
over to Ireland, and continued there through the whole of that 
eeason, being joint manager with: Mr. Sheridan in the direction 
and profits of the theatre royal in Smock Alley. From thence 
he returned to England, and was engaged for the season of 
1746 with the late Mr. Rich, patentee of Covent Garden. This 
was his last perfonnanc*e as an hired actor $ for in the close of 
that season, Mr. Fleetwood's patent for the management of 
Drury Lane being expired, and that gentleman having no incli- 
nation farther to pursue a design by which, from his waot of 
acquaintance with the proper conduct of it, or some other rea- 
sons, he had already considerably impaired his fortune, Mr. 
Garrick, in conjunction with Mi*. Lacy, purchased the property 
of that theatre, together with the renewal of the patent; and in 
the winter of 1747* opened it with the best part of Mtar. Fleet- 
wood's former company, and the great additional atra^h of 
Mr. Barry, Mrs. Pritchard, and Mn. Gibber, from Coveot Gar- 
den. In this station Mr. Garrick continued until the year 177<»f 
with an interval of two years, from 1763 to 1765, which h^ 
devoted to travelling abaiMMl ; attd> both by his oooidact as a 
manager, and his unequalled merit as an actor, from year to 
year, added to the entertainment of the pubhck, which with 
an indefatigable assiduity he consulted. Nor were the publick 
by any means ungrateful in returns for that assiduity. By the 
warm and desen^ed encouragement which they gave him he \^-as 
raised to that state of ease and affluence, to which it must be 
the wiah of every bonest heart to see superior excellence exalted. 
After his return from his travels, Mr. Garrick declined the per- 
formance of any new character ; but continued to appear every 
season in some of his favourite parts until the year 1776 } when, 
satisfied with the wealth he had acquired, and the hme which 
he had established, in familiarity with many of the most re- 
spectable persons of the kingdom, he retired to the enjoyment 
of repose from the fiitigues of his profession, and quitted the 
stage on the 10th day of June, 1776, after performing the cha- 
racter of Don Felix, in Mrs. Centlivre's comedy of The Wonder. 
At this period the stone, a disorder to which he had been long 
subject, began to make such inroads on hb constitution, that 
the happiness which he ex|)ected froip retirement was often in^ 


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many who wish it true. But might not I have 
expected from your humai^ity^ from your knowledge 

temqpted^ and somedmes destroyed^ by the violeiice of the pain 
be endured. He had been used to try the effects of quack niedU 
cinea, to relieve him finom the torments which he sufi'ered, and 
it has been thought that his health received much injury from 
this injudicious mode of tampering with his malady. At Christ- 
mas 1778 he visited Earl Spencer at Althorpe, where he was 
taken ill^ but recovered sufficiently to return to London, and 
died at his house in the Addphi, after a few days illness, on the 
SOth of January, 1779. His body was interred with great fiine* 
ral pomp, in Westminster Abbey, on the 1st of February follow- 
ing. Mr. Garrick in his pei-son was low, yet well-shaped, and 
neatly proportioned; and, having added the qualifications of 
dancing* and fencing to that natiwal gentility or manner which 
no art could bestow, but with which our great mother Nature 
endows many even from in&ncy, his deportment was constantly 
easy, natural, and engaging. His complexion was dark, and 
the features of his> face, which were pleasingly regular, were 
animated by a full black eye, brilliant and penetrating. His 
voice was clear, melodious, and commanding 5 and, although 
it might not possess the strong overbearing powers of Mr. Mos- 
8op*s, or the musical sweetness of Mr. Barry's, yet it appeared to 
have a much greater compass of variety than either -, and, from 
Mr. Garrick*s judicious manner of conducting it, enjoyed that 
articulation and piercing distinctness, which rendered it equally 
intelligible, even to the most distant parts of an audience, in the 
gentle whispers of murmuring love, the half-smothered accents 
of inlclt passion, or the professed and sometimes awkward coiu 
cealments of an aside speech in comedy, as in the rants of rage, the 
darings of despair, or all the open violence of ti-agical enthusii am. 
'' Were it our office to record the failings of Mr. Garrick, we 
could only persuade oui^lves to observe, that they were chiefly 
such as are overlooked in characters of less distinguished <^u- 
knee and celebrity. We forbear therefore to violate his fame 
by a safe but ungenerous recapitulation of petty errors 5 adding 
only, in excuse for his well-known vanity, that perhaps no roan 
who had been fed with such excess of praise, would have ex> 
hibited fewer marks of self-approbation. We hope, indeed, we 
may be foigiven, if we dwell longer on a singular inconsistence 
in his character, which has been often mentioned, but never 
fairly stated. He has been loudly praised for liberality, and as 
loudly censured on the score of avarice. Perhaps the alternate 
predominance of qualitiet, ao opposite in their natures, may be 
thus aecounted for. In any ^gence that presented itself on ^ 
sudden, he was readily generous, because he knew benevolent 
was the most popular of virtues, and that the exertion of it would 

• I am told that he bad ao «ar for music, though he observed peifecc 
time In dandns^, 7*. F. . 

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of the world, may I add, from the knowledge you 
were pleased to express of me, that you would have 

be expected from the possessor of a fortune esctensive as his qwn. 
But this hasty impulse was occasionally blasted by intermediate 
reflection. During the interval that sometimes necess^ily passed 
between the promise and the actual disbursement^ the tedious 
proce,ss by which he had acquired a smn equal to that \ie was 
expected to part with, impressed itself forcibly on his imagioa^ 
tion. It ^^'as not till then that his disposition inclined to paxsL- 
mony*. This ungraceful narrowness, this inglorious i«|>ent- 
ance, is often detected among those ^i whose thoughts their 
own gradual advance towards wealth is always uppermost ; and 
. the frequent occurrence of an idea, like this^ to Mr. Garrick, will 
assist us in reconciling the contradictory tales of his deficiency 
and excess of bounty ; for to deny that he was sometimes mag- 
nificent in his donations, would be to refuse liis memory a tri* 
bute that can only be withheld at the expence of notoriety and 
tnith. Such, however, was the late of his pecuniary fiivours, 
that he often forfeited the gratitude due to them, through big 
backwardness in yielding what he had pledged himself to bestow, 
and did bestow at last. By some, indeed, he has been charged 
with raising hopes of relief, and finally disappointing them. 
This chai*ge however, if true, can be imputed only to a iftronger 
and less resistible operation of the cause already mentioned. In 
the mean time, his example serves to shew us how resolutely we 
ought to seize the ihoment that disposes our wavering natures to 
benevolence, as second thoughts are not always propitious to 
the interests of humanity. We may conclude by adding, that 
deliberation, so useful on many occasions, in itespcct to poetry 
and charity, exerted a fat^ influence over Akeusicie and Garrick. 
It vtistnmg the lyre of the one, and contracted the heart of the 
other. Need I say that this paragraph was written by Mr. Steeveus ? 
To Mr. Garrick's reputation as an actor, the conoem of the 
pubUck at having lost him, bt^ars a stronger te^itimony than 
panegyrick, in any other form, could supply. As to hia p;u*ticu- 
IsiT forte or superior cast in acting, it would be perhaps as difii> 
cult lo detei^minc it, as it would be to describe minutely his 
several excellences in the very different parts in which he at dif- 

* ** There can be tittle doubt of his avarice, from the general charge ; 
at least it in up-Viill work to prove sugh a one's generosity. Generosity is 
of %oo great notoriety to be questioned. The ^Iar(|uis of Granby might 
be unjust in the cxereisti of it, preferably to paying his debts; but nobody 
makes a doubt whether he was avaricious. The lOuke of Marlborough 
' paid bis debts, yet it is not a que&tioii«w hither he was "generuus or no. 
The fact is, Garrick died worth 140,000/. all of his own getting, ia less 
than 40 years. iSappo^e he had died worth only 130,000/. would not that 
have been enough to have hfi behind him? and no doubt 10,000/. pro- 
•pcrly bestowed must have established his or Marlborough's fame. 1 
don't say Garrick was obliged to do thi^. But neither is the world ob- , 
ligedf- %o admiftf his generosity, if he had it not-: it is plain they were 
iritU^ entfii^ ta applaud tl^e merit he undoubtodiy pos9i»Bed«" 7*.. F« 

nr\r\c fcrent 

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1758.] THE £IGHTSE>rrH CBNTUHY. ^ 1 § 

inquired into the truth of the report, even at the 
shop where 1 had the pleasure of seeing you, before 

ferent times thought proper to appear. Particular superiority 
was swallowed up in his universality ; and shoidd it even be eon- 
tended^ that there liave been performers equal to him in their 
respective casta of playing, yet even their paitizans must ac- 
knowledge, that there never existed any one performei* that 
came near liis excellence in so great a variety of parts. Every 
passion of the human breast seemed subjected to his powers of 
expression ; even Time itself appeared to stand still, or advance, 
as he would have it. Of this no one can be ignorant who ever 
saw him in the sevei-al characters of Lear or Hamlet, Richard, 
Dorilas, Romeo, or Lusigpan ; in his Ranger, Bays, Drugger, 
Kitdy, Brute, or Benedict. During the course of his manage^ 
xnent, the publick were much obliged to him for his inde&ti- « 
gable labour in the conduct of the theatre, and the pains he took 
to discover and gratify their taste: and, though the situation of 
a manager will perpetually he liable to attacks from disappointed 
authors and undeserving performers ^ yet, it is apparent, from 
the barrenness both of plays and players of merit for some years 
at the opposite theatre, that Mr. Garrick cannot have refused 
acceptance to many of either kind, that were any way deserving 
of the town*s regard. In short, notwithstanding this is not the 
age of either dramatic or theatrical genius, the pains he took hi 
rearing many tender plants, added several valuable peiformers 
to the English stage, whose first blossoms were far from promis- 
ing so fair a fruit as they have since produced: — and among 
the several dramatic pieces which made their first appearance on 
the theatre in Drury Lane, there are very few, whose authors 
have not acknowledged themselves greatly indebted to Mr. Gar> 
rick for useful hints or advantageous alterations, to which their 
success has in great measure been o\rinff. Add to this the revi- 
val of many pieces of the more early wnters 5 pieces possessed of 
great merit, but which had, either through the n^lect or igno- 
rance of other managers, lain for a long time unemployed and 
unregarded. But there is one part of theatrical conduct which 
ought unquestionably to be recorded to Mr. Garrick's honoi^, 
since the cause of virtue and moi'allty, and th(^ formation of 
public manners, aie very considerably dependent on it 5 and that 
is, the zeal with whicli he ever aimai to bani:jh-from the stage 
all those plays which cany with them an immoral tendency, and 
to prune from those which .do not absolutely on tlie whole 
promote the inteiiests of vice such scenes of licexxtiousncss and 
libertinism as a redundancy of wit and too great liveliness 
of imagination have induced some of our comic writers to in- 
dulge themselves in, and to which the sympathetic disposition 
of an age of gallantly and intrigue had given a sanction. The 
purity of the English stage was certainly much more fully estab-* 
fished during the administration of thin theatrical minister than 
it had ever bean during preceding managements ; for what the 

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you took such a step, howwer undesignedly, against 

" As you did not design me an injury, so it will 
be said ytiu have done me none. Sir, I have heard 

pnblick taste had itself in some measure begun, he, by keeping 
that taste within its proper channel, and feeding it with a pure 
and untainted stream, seemed to hsLve completed : and to have 
cndeavoui-ed as much as possible to adhere fo the promise made 
in the prolog:ue which was spoken at the first opening of that 
theatre under his direction, 

^' Bade scenic virtue fbrm the rising age. 
And Truth diffuse her radiance from the stage." 
His superiority to all others in one branch of excellence, how- 
ever, must not make us overlook the rank in which he is en- 
titled to stand as to another ; nor our remembrance of his hav-* 
ing been the first actor living, induce us to forget that he wjis 
ikr from beixig the last writer. 'Notwithstanding the numberless 
and laborious avocations attending on his profession as an actor, 
and his station as a manager, yet still his active genius was per- 
petually bursting forth in various little productions both dra- 
matic and poetical, whose merit cannot but make us regret his 
want of tune for more extensive and imjionant works. Of these 
he has publicly avowed himself the author of thiity-nve §> some 
of ^hich are originals, and the rest translations or alterations 
from other authors, with a design to adapt them to the present 
taste of the publick. Besides these, Mr. Garrick was the author 
of an Ode on the death of Mr. Pdham, which, in less than six 
weeks, ran through four editions, llie Prologues, Epilogues, 
and Songs, which he wrote, are almost innumerable, and pos- 
sess a considei-able degree of happy conception and execution. 
It would be in vain to attempt any enumeration of them ; and 
it is less necessary, as we cannot doubt but some one of hb sur- 
viving friends will take caie to give a complete edition of his 
works, in such a manner as will do honour to his memory. 

The portraits of Mr. Garrick, in his principal dramatic charac- 
eters, are numerous j and there remains, at his house in the 
Adelphi, a whole-length, by Hogarth, of Mr. Giurick, sitting at 
a table, with his wife behind him taking the pen out of his hand j 
wljch having never been engraved, though it has been somei^^hat 
hastily censured by Mr. Steevens, would on every consideration 
be a valuable present to the publick ; and this is the rather to be 
wi-shed, as ** Mrs. Ganick, at a period of life when infirmities 
might naturally be expected, still possesses the power of delight- 
ing by the brilliancy of her convei-sation, which unites the expe- 
rience of a^ with the liveliest sallies of youth." See the *' An- 
ecdotes of Hogarth," 1809," pp.20. 258. 

% See these enam^TAted in the ** Bio^raphia Dnimatica, 1791 ;** in 
firbicU the p«after part cf this note was originally printed. 


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1758.] TftE EtGHtEENTH CENTtRlir. 321 

of a person who was blinded while he was blooded^ 
whicn has been pretty tnueh my case. The standers- 
by cried out in concern for him. He is faintin^^ 
he is dying ; till at length the poor man died in 
reality. This remains to be my case. If it should 
be so, I submit it to you, whether you would not be 
accessary to the legal death of. Sir, 
Your most obedient humble servant, W.^BowVer/ 

2. Mr. Garrick's answer, without date, but received 
Nov. «9, 1758. 
'^ Sir, I have been in the country, and did not 
receive your letter till last night. I was much sur- 
prised at it indeed ; and thmk you have not well 
considered the matter, or you would not have been 
BO warm in your expolstulations. The feet is this 
— I was told by a man whom I regard and would 
serve with justice, that the person who printed the 
Votes had resigned it. Upon which, I wrote to 
Mr. George Onslow, the Speaker's son, to recom- 
mend a person, ?/* the fact ivas true. Now, Sir, 
tipbn my honour, I did not know that you were 
the Printer of the Votes ; and moreover, if you had 
been my brother, I could not have acted with more . 
justice ot dfelicacy towards you. If the feet had 
been true, I should have been willing to serve a 
person I riegarded ; as it was not, there was no harm 
done, and you have not in the least been injured. 
Though I am always desirous to assist the man 1 
like, and do it zealously ; yet I would not know- 
ingly do the least injury, I own, to one who had 
injured me, and much less to Mr. Bowyer. This, 
I flatter myself, is my real character among those 
who know me ; and you are really mistaken if you 
think otherwise of me. I cannot possibly answer 
the last paragraph of your letter, because I don't 
understand it * ; but, if you think my letter to Mr. 
Onslow has in the least affected your interest, let 

* Mr* GarrieK's dbflcrration requires aooije apology tp be made 
ior Mr. Bowyer > who evidently wrote in hn^te; finr wUcb> how* 
€9^, Yasi reply Otilei ampie amends. 

t^oL.!!. Y me 

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me know^ and I shall as readily repair the mischief^ 
a» I have most ignorantly done it. I am, Sir, 
Your most obedient humble sei-vant, D, Garrick« 
'^ P. S. I write in great hurry, and you must ex* 
cuse it." 

3. "To David Garrick, esq. 
"Sir, Dec. 7, 1768. 

"As I before acquitted you of any intention to do 
me an injury; so I acknowledge your kind readiness 
to repair one, if you had unwittingly done me any. 
1 do so heartily, and tlie rather, because you have 
heightened my obligations with that personage to 
whom you applied, where I would most wish to 
have them placed. 

" On the other hand, you will excuse me, I hope, 
for remonstrating closely perhaps, but not warmly y 
against suffering your weight and consequence to be 
made use of, without having a true state of circum- 
stances laid before you. But I find my sentiments 
were too cold, whatever my expressions were; and 
that your heart, in the cause of friendship, will not 
stay to weigh minute considerations. Convinced, 
I humbly bow to that virtue which in your breast 
scarce knows excess; and if it has any weakness, is, 
like a complexion from fairness, the more amiable 
for it. I trust then to the influence of it, as it 
believeth all things^ that you will now place me in 
the number of your most obliged humble servants, 



In this year Mr. Bowjrer printed, 

*^ Chronographiae Asiaticae et Egyptiacae Speci- 
men; iii quo, 1. Origo Chronologic LXX Inter- 
pretum investigatur ; 2. Consnectus totius operis 
exhibetnr," 8vo, [by Charles Hay^s *, Esq.] 

* This industrious and learned gentleman, who was known 89 
an author only to hii intimate f riends^ and whose remarkable 
•modesty guavded his great erudition from the too commoii 
foible of ostentation^ was bom is the year 1676 j and in 1704 


Digitized by 



An Edition of ** Theocritus,** 8vo. 

became distinguished by his much esteemed '' Treatise of 
Fluxions," printed that year, in folio, with his name> the only, 
ptiblicatioB to which he ever suffered it to appear. - In 17 10 
came' out a small pamphlet of his, of nineteen pages in quarto, 
intituled, " A New arid Easy Method to find out the Longitude, 
from the Observation o^ the Altitudes of the Co^lestial Bodies j" 
and in 1723 he published, in English, in octavo, " The Moon, a 
Philosophical Dialogue;" written in the most genteel and polite 
l&nguage, and tending tb shew that the Moon is not a mere 
dark and opake body, but is mistress of no inconsiderable share 
of light of her own. Diuing a long course of years the manage-^ 
ment of the late Royal African Company lay in a manner wholly 
oir Mr. Hayes (he being chosen annually either Sub-governor, 
or Deputy-governor) -, yet, in the midst of these important avo- • 
• cations, he spent much time and labour in making philosophical 
experiments, and in gratifying his thh^t after general knowledge. 
To his skill in antient and modem languages he added the know- 
ledge of the Hebrew j and applied himsetf assiduously to the an- 
tient Historians, and with more particular attention to the Sacred 
Writings. Endeavouring' to solve the difficulties which had per- 
plexed the learned, he laid a plan to reduce all into chronological 
form, according to what he thought to be the true oi-der of time. 
He much admii'ed that translation of the Scriptures into Greek, 
which bears the name of the Septuagint: and critically examined 
the history of that version composed by Aristeas, which had been 
looked upon by many persons of great worth and learning as no 
better than a forged story ; and when he had completed his en- 
quiries on this h^, in 1736, he published, in 8vo, '^ A Vindica- 
tion of the History of the Septuagint" from the misrepresenta- 
tions of its opponents. . His next work was a learned piece of 
criticism, intituled, "A critical Examination of the Holy Gospels 
according to St. Matthew and St. Luke, with regard to the His- 
tory of &e Birth and Infancy of our Lord Jesus Christ, 1738," 
8vo. He now returned to his favourite study, the settling of 
times ; and in 1741 came out his " Dissertation on the Chronology 
of the Septuagint ; With an Appendix, shewing, that the Clud- 
dean and Egyptian Antiquities, hitherto esteemed &buloUs, are 
perfectly consistent with the Computations of that most antient 
Version of the Holy Scriptiues," 8vo 3 a work of great labour 
and sagacity, in which the ages of the Patriarchs, and the varia- 
tion there is in this particular between the Hebrew, Septuagint> 
and Josephus, are largely considered -, a pious regard is always 
retsdned both for the Hebrew and Greek text, and some conjee* 
tures modestly offered for the integrity of them both 5 and thost 
who read this tract will in the Appendix find matter sufficient to 
satisfy a learned curiosity, and to make them view the Chaldean 
and Egyptian histories in another light than that in which they 
have hitherto appeared. Not contented with going thus fax, in 
1757 he printed, in the same size, "A Supplement" to the last- 

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" The Norfolk Dumplm- eater,'* [by th* Rev, 
Mr. St6na], 8vo. 

tikentioned Dis«ei'tation ; in which he grvep a complete series of 
the kings of Ar^os and Athens from Inachus, to the iim year of 
the first OlyiDpiad -, and likewise of the old emperors of China, 
iVom Pohi to the birth of Christ -, and at the same time bhews 
tlmt the cluronology of all these nations perfectly agrees with 
the Septuaffint. Tiiese, excepting some occasional tracts ia 
defence of the Royal Afncan Company) are all the English works 
of this learned and indefatigable author. A period being put to 
the affairs and existence of the Old Afiican Company in 1752, Mr. 
Hayes found himsdf happily exonerated from that burden, which, 
though he had long supported it, yet was not aItofi;ether suitable 
to his inclinations. He had .just before this purchased a pretty 
retirement at Down in Kent, and, withdrawing thither, gave 
himself up wh(^y to his beloved studies. He had now leisure to 
look over his papers, and revise them ; and to consider wh^* 
materials he had already provided for his grand design > and, as 
apnears by the date on the manuscript, which he, did not live to 
publish, he began in May 1753 to compile, in Latin, his *'Chro- 
nographia Asiatica et iEgyptiaca." This was a laborious under- 
taking for a person of 75 years of age ; but it pleased God, not- 
withstanding his recluse aiul sedentary life, to bless him with 
tolerable h^th, and to presene his intellects clear and strong 
tin within a few days of his death. The last date annexed to 
this I^tin manuscript is 1756 } so that probably he finished it 
in that year or soon after. In August 1758, he left his house 
in Kent, and, for the sake of his health and of some more agree* 
able conversation than that retired place could afford him, being 
now about SO year^ of age, took chambers in Gray's Inn 5 and 
there, in 1759, he shewed, as he said, that he had not led an in- 
dolent life in the country, by acquainting the learned world with 
what he had done, in his ''Chronographia," Under the first part 
he shews, that both the Seventy Interpreters and Joseph\is took their 
^stem of chronology from several antlent writings (distinct from 
tne sacred books ofthe Old Testament), which had for many ages 
been carefully preserved by the priests, in the library belonging 
to the Temple of Jerusalem. ['' Josephus, who wrote to the 
Heathens, might take his authority from whence he wouM ; but 
the Scf)tuag^nt, who were only translators of a sacred Book, how 
l^onld they dare to substitute difierent numbers than their ori^* 
iSial ? Aad Why would Jewish priests preserve with care in Ukt 
Temple writings which clash with the Bible, when tliey hardljf 
preserved that ? The Mahometan General said better, that the 
jKSS. in the Alexandrian Museum either agreed with, or contra- 
dicted, the Coran j in the first case they were useless, in the 
last hurtful, and therefore in either case to be burnt. T, K]"— 
The second is a summary view of the whole great work, which 
he left behind him in maniucript, in a large folio size, all writ- 
ten with his own band, and that a surprisingly fair and ^*"^" 

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^^ Ad f^saay ou Taste, by Alexander G^rar4^ M. A* 
Frofesaor of MojraJ Piyilospphy at Aberdeen^ with 

one, which neither disoovefs a^y weakness of nervee, nor any of 
thote tremorq ^iddeiit lo advajoc^d t^. This, work, in the pre- 
face to hi$ s^cimeAf b^ s^js he h^h happily fioished ; aiui fpvm 
the title of it in the following manner : '* Novum aggresd smniis 
opus ; quod jam, auxiliante Deo, feliciter absolvimus Bub hoc 
«ulo : — ChronograpKla Aslatiea ft .£gyptiaca ab orbe eondito 
ad Christum natura per aninos 5500, ad fidem soriptorum vetus* 
tbsiiKionuii restituta et 41kistTata." The kartied author did not 
long survive the publicmion of this specimen, dying at his cham* 
bers in Gray's Inn, Dec. 18, 1769, ki his 9^ year. I owe this 
aecoant of Afr, Hayes to a letter from an anonymous firiend of 
bis, who had been indulged with a perusal of most of his writings 
befbre they were sent to the press, with the Kberty of hnpartin^ 
his sentiments on them. *' If I dillered in any thing from bin| 
(says this fnend), as I could not espouse all his opinions, aiul 
never made him a cot^apHment of my own^ be would reply in sp 
mild a manner, that I never left him without admiring his great 
fund of learning, the clear method in which he explained his 
mind, and his sedate and serene temper."' — '* When he presente4 
me with the printed specimen,** says the anonymous Letter* 
writer, " I was thereby fiu-nished with a proper opportunity of 
pressing him to begin the publication of fhe hirge work, telun^ 
him it could never come out- with equal advantage firom aojF 
CHher hands, but those who composed and wi-ote it. It b no 
wonder if the weighty kbour of attending the press did, at his 
time of life, deter him from undertaking it : but he was so flit 
firom n^lecting this valuable peiformance, that he eiyoined his 
worthy executor to put all his papers on this subject into tho 
hands of one who should either usher them into the world, or 
collect them together, revise them, and put the book into such a 
condition as it might not be thought an insignificant present to 
a publie library in one of the universities. In short, alter the 
death ci my friend, the papers were recommended to niy care, 
however unequal to the task, and were carefully read over by 
me : but, as they consisted mostly of loose quires, and partly of 
loose sheets, and some of these were by him copied over more 
than once, it was no little trouble to collate them, and required 
aome judgment to distinguish which of those copies (which were 
not complete duplicates, for they varied from each other) should 
stand as a part of the work : and this I was to determine, some* 
times firom the date, where there was one annexed, which dis- 
covered which was his last thought ; and sometimes from other 
intrinsie considerations. I often met with connections and addi- 
tions on the back of a sheet, which I thought would be much 
more authentic and satislhctory if they were left standing thera 
m the author's own hand-writing, than to transcribe and insert 
ihem in their proper places. And I was very cautious of letting 
ttiy hand appear in the work, except where correcting a mihtakei^ 
letter or w^, transcribing of somo slip of paper, or adding a 

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3«tf trrERARY ANECDOTES OF [l759* 

three I)issertaiions on the same Subject, fubm thy 
French of M. De Voltaire, M- D'Alembert, F. ft. S. 
pnd M. De Montesquieu *,'- 8vo. 
- " Moral and Political Dialogues ; being the Sub- 
stance of several Conversations between divers emit 
f * -^ . 

^w lines by \yay of correction, required it. This elaborate 
svork consists of two parts ; the former^ which is much the 
largest^ is a Ifind of Introduction or Prol^omena. The fiecond 
is styled^ Canon Chronicus G€}ieralis, These chronological tablesi 
^1 coliateial colupons^ shew in one view the several contemperaiy 
monarchs, and the times in which they.lived. The first part of 
it begins with the creation of the worlds and ends at tlie founding 
of the Temple of Jerusalem by Solomon. The second extend* 
from thence to the seventh year of Artaxerxes Longimanusj 
King of Persia, And here the Author's manuscr^)t leaves off; 
pnd the chronology of 455 years is wanting to cofpplete the 
design^ which, was to have been brought down to the year of the 
ivorld 5500; in which he fixes the birth of Christ. This defi-- 
ciency 1 have endeavoured to supply, as well as I could* accord- 
ing to the AjUthor's system, and have boimd it up at the end of 
the manuscript. In diat part of the chronology in the Author's 
writing, are several valuable notes, for explainuig difficulties 
which occurred. Having thus discovered tlie true Author of the 
l^bov^-named treatises, and made it known that th& original 
poanuscript copy of this daboiate work, of neai* three hundred 
pages in a large folio, is now in beiiig, and in safe bands, in the 
pondition above related, I think it time to conclude my long 
. letter with one observation concerning the usefulness of it to 
the curious searchers after the txue doctrine qi times. The 
yariation in the two computations is very great, and learned 
inen have taken diiferent sides in determining the important 
question. What my sentiments are in this point is not mater]al« 
nor need I say which of the sides is now more generally espoused : 
but as both of them are attended with no inconsiderable diffi-* 
eulties, those who take part with the Greek chronolqgists will 
here meet with the objections of their opponents coolly sifted 
into, and all the afgunients in fevour of the Septuagint account 
set in a strong and plear light : and those who receive the Hebrew 
computation will perhaps find something, before i^ew to then^ 
iuged against their opinion, which they will think worthy of 
fbeir consideration, if not of an answer. A third soil, who ar^ 
imwiHlng to enter into i^ controversy of this nature, will her^ 
pieet with a greater store of Ecistern and Egyptian history and 
antiquities, laid dpwp in a concise ax)d uiiU)tcrly way, and 
founded on substantial ^uthoritv,' than any other book of thi^ 
bulk will afford then?." Gent, Mag, 17(>1, vol. XXXI. p. 543. 

* This ^ssay was corixscted through the press by the celebrated 
David Hume > who at that time had a temporaiy residence ii^ 
fi^le-street, Leicester-fields^ where I frequently v^ed hjm^ 

' Vnfflt 

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nent Persons of the past and present Age ; digested 
by the Parties themselves, and now first published 
from the original Manuscripts; with critical and 
explanatory Notes bytheEaitorT 8vo.— This in- 
genious volume was the production of Mr. Hurd ; 
and contains four Dialogues, on Sincerity, Retire- 
ment, the Golden Age of Elizabeth, and the Con- 
stitution of tlie English Goverliment *. 

A " Treatise on Fluxions, by Israel Lyons-f-, jun." 

* W this Work, Dr. W arburton says, " Dec. 14, 1758. " I 
took down with me [to Prior P^rk], as I told you, all that 
you had printed, to the 90Sth page. If the Work does not take, 
1 shall think the times abandoned to their evil genius. I have resui 
to the 1 16th page, and find not a word to alter." Just after this 
penod one of those distressing (but not uncommon) accidents hap- 
-pened — ^the loss of a parcel containing a pait of the unpriuted MS. 
To this Dr. Warbi^on alludes, when he observes, Jan. 30, 1759, 
" I am sorry your papers are not yet found j" and, FeK 17> *' I was 
in hopes that, on coming to Leicester, you would have had in^ 
telligence of your papers. As that is not the case, you ought 
immediately to advertise them^ with a slight rewanl, as things of 
no use but to the owner. I can say this, after twenty yeats' exist- 
ence, of the sheets of Vhe Diving Legation ; and sure you may 
say it of things not in esse, but in posse. However, we will both 
hc^ they may be of use to posterity. Seriously, Dr. Birch tells 
me (for your loss makes much noise, so nMch does the malignity 
of men delight in mischance) that 'tis very probable the packet 
will be presently brought to you by such an advertisement .**'-« 
Vhit Printer received a few days after the following billet: 
*' Dr. W. has received a letter from Dr. H. who desires that 
Ifr. Millac or Mr. Bowyer would put into the papers an adver- 
tisement for lost papers, with a reasonable reward, as of nq use 
but to the person to whom they were directed. Tuesday tnom^ 
ing, Feb. ^9 1759. — Mr. Bowyer, I would have this put in 
directly. A. Millar. 23 Feb.** — iV. B. The papers, which had 
been mislaid in the country, were soon after sent to Mr. Bowyer 
by an unknown hand. 

t Mr. Lyons was son of ^ Pohsh Jew silversmith, and teacher 
of Hebrew, at Cambridge -, where he was born, 1739. In his 
cariiest youth he shew^ a wonderful inclination to learning, 
particularly to mathematicks^ but though Dr. Smith, late master 
of Trinity college, ofifered to put him to school at his own ex- . 
pence, he would go only a day or two, saying, he could leam 
Ifnore by himself in an hoiir than in a day with his master. He 
b^;an his study of Botany in 1755, which he continued to his 
death -, ^nd could remember not only the Liunscan names of 
^imost all the English pl^ts, but even the synonyma of the old 


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' * ^ . ■> 

*^ A Review of a Free Enquiry into the Origin of 
EviV [by the Rev. Richard Shejpherd*, M.A.J 8vo. 

Botanists, which form a strange and barbarous farrago of great 
hvlk ; and bad large materials for a Flora Cantebrigiemis> de^crib* 
ing fiilly every part of each plant from the Ufe, without being oh* 
liged to coDAilt, or being liable to be misled by, former authors. 
In ^758 he published the above treatise on Fhixions, dedicated 
to his' patron. Dr. Smith j and in 1763 " Fasciculus RantaruBH 
circa Cantabrigiam nascentium qux post Raium observatm ftiepp,** 
&V0. Mr. £anks (now Sir Joseph Banks, bart. and president of 
the Royal Society), whom he first instructed in this science, 
sent for him to Oxford, about 176^ or 1763, to read lectures ; 
which he did with great applause, to at least sixty pupils ; but 
could not be prevailed upon to ms^ko a long absence from Cam- 
bridge. He had a salary of 100/. per annum fbr calculating the 
^ Nautical Almanack," and frequently received presents frani 
the Board of Longitude for liis own inventions. He could read 
Latin and French with ease, but wrote the former ill ; had stu- 
died the English history, and could quote whole passages from 
the monkish writers cerbaiim. He was appointed by the Board 
of Longitude to go with Capt. Phipps (now Lord Mulgrave) to 
the North Pole, in 1773, and dischai^ged that office to the satis- 
fitction of his employers. After his return, he married^ and 
settled in London, where he died of the meazks, in about a . 
year. He was then engaged in publishing some papers of 
Dr. Halley. His " Calculations in Spherical TrigDnometi-y 
abridged," wei^ printed in Phil. Trans, vol. LXI. art 46. 

* Of Corpus Christ! college, Oxford $ where be proceeded 
M.A. 1757; B.D. 1765 j and D. D. 1788. He viras F.R. S: arch; 
deacon of Bedford, and rector of V(^etherden and Helmingbam, 
both in Suffolk, and given hhn by Lord Chancellor Thur- 
low. He was an instance of very considerable erudition united 
with rare condescension ; and, though he filled an ofllce ^df 
dignity in the Church, he was not the less attentive to the 
humbler but equally important duties of a parish-priest. Has 
publications, which were various, all breathe the spiint of a 
tnild benevolence, and evince the liberal and e'nli<^htencd Divine, 
added to the pious and rational Philosopher. His first publication 
wa«, an excellent "(Xle to Love,** which appeared in 1756, and 
was republished under the title of ** The Philologist.*' He wai 
also author of the " Review of a Free Enquiry into the Nature 
and Oi-igin of Evil, 1759,** 6vb. " Odes Descriptive and Allego- 
rical," 1761, 4to. " 'VhQ Nuptials, a Didactic Poem, in ITiree 
Books, 1762," 4to. Letters to the Author of "A ftee Enquiry 
into the Nature and Origin of Evil. To which are added. Three 
Discourses: 1. On Conscience ; 2. On Inspiration; 3. On a 
Faradtsaical State; I768," 12mo. "Hector, a Dramatic Pbem, 
1710,- 4to. " Requisition of Subscription to the XXXIX Ar- 
tides and Litui-py," a Sermon, Gal. v. i, 1771. 4to: " Dianca^ 
aTrag'^tly, 1772,'* 8vo. A Sermon on Conscience, 177 6> Roni. 


Digitized by 




Mr. Murdin'8 « CjoHection of State Papers/ folio. 
— ^The publicatiou of tlxis Work, which had beeii 
long delayed through the pecuniary diiEculties of 
the Editor ^^ was at lei^^gth completed in cpnser 
tjuence of the following agreement : '^ Mr. Boviyer 

ii. 14, 15, 8vo. A Sermon on Inspiration, preached on Wlilt- 
Sunday, 1776| 6vo. "Conciq de Statu Paradut," at Oxford, 
1776, Eccles. vii. 30. " MisceUames," 2 vols. 8vo, 177C. " The 
J>ymg Hero, 1779," 4to. " Free Examination of the Socinian 
Exposition of the prefatory Verses of St. John's Gospel, 1783,** 
8vo. ''An Essay on Education, in a Letter to WLiliam Jones» 
^. 1784,** 4to. <' The Ground and Cre(m>iUty of the Chris^m 
Region, in a Course of Sermoijs pre^hed before the Uipiversite 
of Oxford, at the Bampton Lecture, 1788/' 4to. " Polyienu? 
Stratagems of War, translated from the ori^nal Greek, 1793," 
4tD. f Two Sermooa on a Future State, 1797/* Bvo ; re-printed^ 
with a Third Sermon, 1799. '' A Charge <q the B^veqcnd t)iQ 
Clergy of the Archdeaconry of Bedford, delivenecl at the Ea^teip 
Visitation, 1801,** 4to. " Notes, Critical and Explanatory, o^ 
the Gospel and Epistles of St. John, l8ot,** 4toj the -rnagnufii 
vptuoi this learned and original aiithor. A volume of " Sermonsp 
180$,** 8vo. '' The New BoeOnius ; or, of the Consolations of 
Christianity, IBQ^,' 8vo; in3cribed to hi^ brother, the Rey, 
llenry Shepherd, BD. rector of Bra^burton, "in memory of 
an excellent Father, who formed their nnhds an those principles 
frhich onfy can sustain the ahodis of Adversity with fortitude 9 
as a pledge of fraternal afiection ; and a tribute to a studious life 
passed in prirate j and to those niti^es with which he has adorned 
the shades of obscurity/* " ftdigious Union perfective, and the 
Support of Civil Union, 1807,'* Svo. His late5t publication waa 
'' No F^lse Alarm ; pr, a Seqiie} to Eeligioua Union* &c.; beii)g 
the Result of a Parochial Visitatioi^ thn)ugh the /Vrchdcaconr>' of 
Bed6)rd," 8vo. He pu^^Iished also, scvci-al years ago, a Latin 
Pocni, in quarto, printed for Flcxney, the title of which I do' 
not reccdlect, but believe it was on the Immortality of the SouL 
He Is also said (and I believe on gpod authority) to be thp aiuhoc 
of " Canons of Criticism, extracted li'om the Beauties of |i(l^tv'^ 
Review^" published in 1784, Svo. He died Jan. 3, 1809, at the 
parsonage at Wethcrden, co. Suffolk, in his 78th year, after an 
Illness of three days. 

* ♦' Sia, I am a subscriber to the 2d volume of the Burley 
Papers, by Murdin. 1 paid a guinea to Dr. Birch. I desire 
you would pay the ^d payment for me, and send the Book in 
boards to my house in Grosvenor-square. I hope we Sihall soon 
have the 2d volume of Dr. Joilin's Life of Erasmi». It is.h^d 
to know what the £xntastic publick would have : hut this I know, 
Che first volume gives us the far best account we have yet of Eras- 
mus [see p. 334]. I am. Sir, your veiy humble servant, W. W/* 
Bp, M'arburtou to Mr. Bowyer, Jan.27, 1759. 

under- , , 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


undertakes to finish Mr. Murdin's State Papers, 
and to deliver them when printed, on receiving the 
snbscription-money which shall remain unpaid when 
the book is finished, and on being paid for printing 
the last 5Q sheets, exclusive of the said snbscription-i 
money *.'' 


In this year Mr, Bowyer superintended a second 
edition of Mr. Arnald's ^' Critical Commentary upcm 
the Book of the Wisdom of Solomon," and enriched 
It with the remarks of Mr. Markland ; of which let 
US take his own accoimt: '^ In this edition, the Rea-i 
der will observe that the many additions communi- 
cated to the Author by a very learned Friend ar^ 
included in hooks, whicji he designed to have melted 
down into the body of his wor^, and to have aon 
knowledged, no doubt, his obligations to. the person 
that sent them. But he had executed this design 
in part only, the observations being transcribed no 
further than Chap. IX. and the original copy of 
them not found among his ps^rs. This loss has^ 
by good fortune, been supplied by another Friend -f-^i 
through whose hands the observations were trans- 
mitted to him, and who was indulged the liberty 
of taking a copy of them for himself; from whence 
they are now given to the pubHck. They correct 
pften mistakes of the Author; which it was thought 
proper to continue as he left them, that the Reader 
might the better judge of the force of the remarks, 
and that a liberty might not be taken after his death, 
^hich himself only, while alive, had a right to mak^ 
use of." 

" The Actor,** a poem l^ Robert Lloyd J, M- A, 

* From the original. 

f Mr. Bow}^^er. 

{ Son of Dr. Pierson Lloyd ,(who was second masterof Wcstmin* 
stcr school^ aftcrwaitls Chancellor of York, and portionist of Wad- 
desdon, Bucks; and whose learning, judgment, and moderation, 
endeared him to aH who partook of hi:j instru^tiQ||;« during a 

• course 

Digitized by 




*'The Cerenjonkl of the Funeral of King George ' 
the Second," folio. 

course of ahnost 50 years spent In the servica of the publick ail 
Westminster school. He had a pension from his Ms\jesty o( 
4001. a year for his own life; and died Jan. 5, 1781. The pcn«t 
Sion ceased on his death; but 100^. a year, I am told, was aftcrwarik 
granted to his widow^ xmd 50/. a yqar to each of his two daughters. 
Put I am not certain of the sura j as others say it was only 50/^ 
to the widow). — Robert was educated, under his father, at W^U 
minster; and was thence adjnitted of Trinity eollc^'e, Cambrid^, 
andtookthedegree'ofB.A. 1755; and M.A. 1758. At the Uni- 
▼ersity, as at Westminster,. he distingaishcd himself by hispaeti<^) 
genius and (sorry I am to add) by his iiTegiilarities. He was foQ 
some time employed as one of the ushei-s of ^Veslminster school^ 
where he wrote the Poem which gave occasion tp this note, vyhieh 
not only gave proofs of ^eat judt^ment in the subject he was treait-' " 
ing of, but had also^the merit of smooth versiiicatiun and gv^ 
strength of poetry. In the beginning of the Poetical War^ 
which for some time raged among the Wits of that age, ajid to 
which the celebrated Rosciad sounded the first chaigc, Mr. Lloy<( 
was suspected to be the author of tliat poem. . But this he ^Of 
nestly disowned, by an advertisement in the public papers ^ oii 
which occasion the real author, Mr.' Churchill, boldly steppe^ 
finth, and ui the same public manner declared himself; and 
drew on that torrent of Anti-Rosciads, Apolc^ies, Murphiads^ 
ChurchiQiads, Examiners, &c. which for a long time kept up 
the attention, and employed the geniuses, of the .greatest part 
of the critical world. After Mr. Lloyd quitted hii pla^^e p£ 
usher of Westminster school, he relied entirely on his pen for 
subsistence j btit, being of a thoughtless and extravagant dispa- 
sition, he soon made himself liable to debts which )ie was unable 
to answer. In consequence of this situation, he was coniii^ed in 
the Fleet Prison, where he depended for suppoil almost wholly 
on the bounty and generosity of his friend Churchill, whobo 
kindness to him continued undiminished during all hib neces* 
sities. On tiie death of this liberal benefactor, Mr. Lloyd sunk 
into a state of despondency, which put an end to his existence, 
on the 15th of December, 17^4, in less than a month after he 
was informed of the loss of Mr. Churchill. Mr. Wilkes says, 
that "Mr. Llpyd >vas mild and affable in private hfe^ of gentle 
manners, and veiy engaging in convcreation. He was an excel- 
lent scholar, and an easy natural poet. His peculiar excellence was, 
the dressing up an old thought in a new, neat, and trim manner* 
He was contented to scamper f-ound the foot of Parnassus on his 
little Welsh pojiey, which seems n^yer to haw tilled. He left 
the fiuy of the winged steed, and the daring heights of the 
aacred mountain, to the sublime genius of his friend C hurchill.*' 
A partial collection of his poetical works was made by Dr. Ken- 
rick, in two volumes, 8vo, 1774; and a good imitation by him, 
|rom *' The Spectator," may be seen in the Seventh Volume of 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


^ '^ Antient and AJoderH Rome, a poem, yrittpa at 
Rome in 1755j by George Keate*, Esq." 4to. 

the " Select Collection of MisceVancous Tqcsw, 1781," p.3Q3« 
He was ^Isb'the Author of "The Capricious levers," a comlQ 
4fpex2L, 1764, %0; and of four other dramatic works. His imw 
totibQ of Tbcocritus, on the King's going to t^ic Hou$^, deserven 
much praise. 

• This gentleman was descended from Sir George tIm;igjerfopd, 
his great-gi-andfather, by Lady Frances Duchc, only daughter q£ 
Rancis Lord Seymour, and born at Trowbridge, s^buut 1729 oaf 
1730 5 educated at Kingston-school, under Mr.Woodi^on, whence 
he went to Geneva, and stayed there some years ; and at bia re- 
turn was articled as a clerk to the late Mr. Palxuer, steward to 
the Duke of Bedford ; whence he removed, as a student, to th^ 
Innei* Temple, and was called to the bar. He was elected F.R. S;. 
17 . . , and F. A. S. 1766. Soon after his return from his travel^ 
he published, 1. "Antientand Modern Home, 1760; a Poenci 
written at Rome, 1755." 2. "An Account of the Gpyepupent, 
History, and Laws, of Geneva, 1761," 8vo. S. " Epistle frc^ 
Lady Jane Grey to Lord Giuildford Dudley, 1762." 4. " The 
Alps, a Poem, 1763." 5. " Netlcy Abbey, 1764 ;" enlarge4 
1769. 6. ''The Temple Student, an EpisUe to a Friend, 
1765," 4to. Whether the history of the Author, prefixed, 
f>e his own life (allowing for his death, there n^entioned to 
sustain the disguise), cannot be ascertained. J. A Poem qq t^ 
death of Mrs. Cibbcr, 1766." 8. " Ferney, an fepistle tq 
M. de Voltaire, 1769," 4to. 9. " The Monument in Arc^ia. ^ 
I^ramatic Poem, in Two Acts, 1773," 4to, foimded on a pie^un; 
of Poussin, representing some Arcadian sl^epherds ^d sbep^ 
herdesses contemplating a monument, iascnl^ Et in Jra^ 
did ego, 10.' *' Sketches from Nature, taken ^x>d coloured ii^ 
a Journey to Mai^te. Published from the origi^ Designs. Iq 
Two Volumes, 1779," 12mo. 11." Obseryatipna on the Boma^ 
Earthen-ware found in the Sea on the Kentish Coast, between 
Whitstable and Reculver, on the Bordei-s of the Isle of Thanet,'' 
1780, printed in ''ArchaDologia," vol. VI. p. 125. 12. *'Epist)a 
to Angelica Kauflxnan, 178I." 13. In tliis year he collected hi§ 
Poetical VV7>rks, in' two volumes, 12mo, with a dedication t^ 
Dr. Heberden, and an excellent likeness of himself, by Pott an^- 
Sherwin ; and with additions, the principal of which was *' Thi^ 
Helvetiad, a Fi*agment, written at Geneva, 1756." 14. "The 
Distressed Poet, a serio-comic Poem, in Three Cantos, 1787>*' 
stating the principal circumstances of his case in the long a|id 
vexatious law-suit which he was engaged i^ with an Architect 
who professed himself his friend. — He ^rQte several Prologue 
and Epilc^es for Mr. Ne\vcomc*s scholars at Hackney. Some 
complimentary Verses by him aie to be found in the European 
Magazine 5 and he had adapted Voltau'e's Semiramis to the 
stage, which was superseded at Drury Lane^ 1777> by Capt 
Ayscough.— Perhaps, however, the "Account of th© Pelew 


Digitized by 



" I5e Solfe AC Lilnffi Defectibus, Libri V; P/fto- 
gerii Boscovich* Societatis Jesu, ad Regiam Socie- 
tateinr Londinetisem. Ibidem autem et Astronomia 
Synopsis et Theorema Luminis Newtoniana, et aliai 
multk ad Kiysicam pertinentia, Versibus pertractan* 
tuT ; cum ejusdem Auctoris Annotationibus/* 4to. 

" An Account of a Copper Table, &c. by Philip 
Carteret Webb f, Esq." 4to^ 

*'Th€ Latin Inscription on the Copper Table, 
discovered in the Year 173 2, near Heraclea, in the 
Bay of Tarentum, in Magna Graecia, and published 
by Mazochiuft at Naples, in the Year 1758, more 
particularly considered and illustrated; by John 
Pbttingall j:> D. D, read at the Meeting of the Society 

tslandfi/* wl^ch be drew up and published, 1788, 4to, is a more 
lasting monument to his fame than all the preceding volumes^ 
Mr. Keate married, in 1769> a sister of Sir Charles Grave Hud- 
son, of W^lip, CO. Leicester, bart ; and died June 28, 179f , 
leaving one daughter, Chaiiotte, who was married, June 9, 
lt9B, to John Henderson, esq. of the Adelphi-terrace. 

* This work was written at various periods ; a jjart of it hav- 
ing been publicly recited at Rome in 1735. The judicious Au- 
thor's learning and genius (to use an expression of Dr. Jolmson) 
have " laboured Science into Poetry, and liave shewn, by ex- 
plaining Astronomy, that Verse did not refuse the ideas of Phi- 
losophy.** Father Boscovich was afterwards professor oi astro- 
nomy at Milan. 

t See an account of Mr. Webb in p. 279. — Mr. Hodgson, 
notleed in p.S8l, as tutor to Mr. Webb's son, came on this 
occasion from (Queen's collie, Oxford -, and took his degree of 
M. A. at Ouubridge, 175d. He was also F. S. A. and private tutor, 
while of Bene't college, to the late Earl of Massareene. The 
dissertation on an antient Cornelian, in the possession of Jolin 
Lawson. esq. in the Archaeologia, vol. II. p. 42, was written by 
him. He wad presented, by Mr. Webb*s interest, to a living in 
fiarbadoes, where he died, 1761. The author of this short note 
is sorry he cannot do greater justice to the character of this mild, 
unaffected^ excellent scholar. 

t Of Bene't college, Cambridge, M. A. 1740. He was minbter 
cf the chafel in Duke-street, Westminster ; and prebendary of 
8nf>ftting in St. Paul's cathedral. He was dected F. S. A. 1752 ; 
and published, in 1757, " A DissertaUon on the Origin of the 
Emiestiian Figure of St. George and of the Garter, Ensigns of 
tlie meet noble Order of that Name -, illustrated with Copper- 
dates,** 4to ; the substance of which may be found in Browne's* 
f ' Yidgar £r«om»" where the learned Author supposes it to be all 
^^wthhapatirat" (Dr. P^ge, Anonymiana, 'ul 61.) — The same 


Digitized by 



of Airtiquaries the first of May^ 17^0, and ordered 
to be printed," 4to. 

The Second Volume * of Dr* Jortin^s ^^ Life of 
firasmus •f','' 4to. 

intelligent Antiquary remarks (iii. HJ), thmt Dr. Pettingall (in hii 
Dissertation) lias these words, " of which (that is, of lYyphon^s 
being a serpent) more may be seen in the Mythology of Natalu 
ComeSt and Noel de Comte ;" as if these were two different per- 
sons, \v1k reas the former is the Latin name, and the latter thi^ 
French name of the same person. In the Archssologia also 
(vol. V. p. 3) Dr. Pcg^r takes considerable pains to overturn the 
hypothesis of Dr. Ft^ttiiigall on the subjoct of St. George. — In 
17<>0 Di Pcttin:27ill communicated to the Society of Antiquaries 
the Rcinruks on the Latin Inscription noticed above; and a 
" Disser'aiion on the Courts of Pypowder" which is printed in 
the Arclia^ologia, vol. I. p. 190; in 170'2 "A Dissertation on the 
Giilo ot Argust," ibid. vol. II. p. GO. In 1764 lie published /'A 
Dissertation upon the Tascia, or Legend, on the British Coins 
of Cimobeiin and others," 4to. See a critique on it in the 
Anonymmna (vi* 5*i). In 17G6 he communicated to the Society 
of Antiquaries ** Observations on an Altar with a Greek Inscrip- 
tion at Corbridge in Cumberl-dnd" (Archaeologia, vol. IL p. 92). 
He pubiisheci also " An Enquiry into the Use and Practice of 
Juries among the Greeks and Komans ; fi*om whence thfc Origin 
of th€^ Englibh Juiy may possibly be deduced ; in Three Parts^" 
1769, 4to.— He died in July 178I, aged about 66. 

* Mr. BoT^yer made an Index to this volume as it passed 
through the press, which is printed at lai^ in his " Miscellane- 
ous Tracts ;" 4to. 

t To the first volume of this Work (which was not printed by 
Mr.Bowyer, but by Mr. Edward Say) the following remarks al- 
lude : '^ Poor Erasmus, after all his undeser\'ed abuse, has just 
now found two Historians to record those abuses ; Burigny in 
French, and your old fiiend Joitin (I call him youra, for you 
took him off my hands, when services could not mend him, to 
try if just and delicate reproof could) j I would have you read 
these performances : 1 dare say they will amuse you. Burigny's 
is well written, which I have read; and so I dare say wHl Jortin's 
be, which I have not read. Though from the rancour of his 
heart, I predict It will be full of oblique reflections, and, if you 
judge from his motto, full of self-importance." Dr, fVarburton 
to Dr, Hurd, Sept. 18, 1758 (see p. 329).—" Your last letter sets 
the poor man's criticism in a very ridiculous light, but certainly 
not a false one. How doubly ridiculous must it be, if it be ground- ' 
less ; which it certainly is ; and which you partly hint at. It 
stands on this grammatical principle, that if one Latin adjective 
cannot be used adverbially, no other, of what are called the 
synonymous adjectives, can ; which is false in almost every lan- 
guage. I told you he was ashamed of himself. I made him 
so by writing a letter to his bookseller . to be communicated to 
\nm, to shew him a true picture of himself, by setting together 





I ^'An£hiquiry into the Beauties of Paintiug; uid 

j iuto the Merits of the most celebrated Painters, 
antientand modem*, by Daniel Webb -j-, Esq," 8vo* 

onr difierent conduct to one another. I said, this required no 
answer. However, 1 had one, which shewed how glad ne was to 
get out of the scrape. When I come home^ I will send them to 
jaa, as I can then do, franked. However, I must not at pre- 
sent omit one particular in mine, to VVliiston. Speaking of his 
paltiy joke of est genus hom'mum, $(C. which, I say, ' after it had 
been so much worn by frequent application to many of my bet- 
tersj might as well have been omitted/ I add, ' I will requite 
lib kindness ofprinceps Plato, but in a more secret way, by ob- 
serving to him only, that where at p. U4 he translates the words. 
^ fiembus, apud inferos pcma, by the pains of hell, he should 
have said, the pains of purgatory, as Indulgences were from the 
pains of purgatory, and not of hell; and on Betubus's apud inferos 
contained both a hell and a purgatory.* I did tliis to intimate 
to him that his Translations were full of mUtakes, and that this 
was a gross one, for a man to undei-take a Life of Erasmus, 
while he was ignorant of the nature and application of the Bulls. 
of Indulgences. I own I was well entertained with this Life,, 
and so I told Wlii^ton : bnt the publick think otherwise of it. 
The want of a plan and method in tlie composition has given a 
general disgust. They say, if you take away his ti-anslation of 
Le Clerc, and his numerous quotations, you leave him nothing 
but his notes. This seems to be the general voice. The conse- 
quence is, it does not sell. What has increased tlie public ill- 
humour is, its being only one volume of a work, which, in.the 
public advertisements, was denounced as complete. — But^ too 
much on so ridiculous a subject." Ibid. Oct. 23. 

* Remarks on some passages in this work, by the late Mr. 
Highmore, are in the Gentleman's Magazine, 1765, p. 353. 

t Mr. VVebb, one of the sons of Capt. Daniel Webb, was bom 
at Maidstown, in the county of Limeiick, and his brother 
Thomas was Dean of Kilmore. *' His Dissertation on the Beau- 
ties of Painting," first published in 1760, was followed, in 1762,. 
by "Remarks on the Beauties of Poeti-yj" and in 1763 by a 
litde tract on the Poem of Ossian, called " Fingal Reclaimed/* 
by "Observations on the Correspondence between Poetry and 
Musick, 1769," 8vo j and of " Liiei-ary Amusements, in Verse 
and Pix>se, 1787," Svo. This little volume was not originaUy 
printed for sade ; but a selection was made from it in a complete^ 
edition of Mr. Webb's Works, which he had himself intended to 
have publislied, and for which a beautiful frontispiece was de- 
ttgned by his friend Daniel Lock, esq. of Norbury, to whom Mr. 
Webb had prepared the following inscription : " To the ingeni- 
ous designer of the frontispiece are these Tracts dedicated. To 
whom more properly than to one from whose hand Drawings 
come out Pictures, and single Figures tell tlie story of a Drama? 
D. W."— The death of Mr. Webb, wliich happened Aug. 2, 1798, 
lielayed the intended publication; but it was completed in 1803, 


Digitized by 


S$S ZirjeHART ANECDOTES Ojr [1760* 

^^ The Hbmmr and Dishonour of Agriculture, 
translated from the Spanish [of Father Feijoo *, 
Disc. 13. vol VIII.], by a. Farmer in Cheshire -f-/* 

in one handsome quarto volume^ under the superintendance of 
the Author's valuable friend the Rev. Thomas Winstanley, D- 1>. 
Camden Professor of Hlstoiy in the University of OxfoM ; who 
Itindly corrected the press, and added to the volume '* Some 
Keasons for thinking that the Greek Language wna derived firom 
the Cliinese; in Notes on the Grammatica Sinica of Mons. Four- 
inont (part of the ' Literary Amusements* of 1787) corrected and 
enlarged from the Author's Manuscript" Of this volume but a 
ttmlli impression was printed, and a very few copies on lai^ 
paper } and of those few hy fiir the greater part, 1 am sorry to 
add, were destroyed by the melancholy fire in 1808. Mr. Webb 
published also, " Selections from Les Rechcrches Philosophiqucii 
iur les Americains, par M. Pauw, 1/89," 8vo. Fifty copies only 
cf this were first printed^ but it has since been published and sold. 
^-It may not be improper to distinguish this ingenious wiitcr 
from another worthy character of the same name, for whom he 
hdB been sometimes mistaken ; and who is thus recorded on a 
tablet against the East wall of the cloister of Chnst's Hospital^ 
tbndoii : " Here lyes Daniel Webb, esq. who was Treasurer of 
tills Hospital twelve years. He died August 31, 1770, aged 71/* 

* See Flughes's Letters, vol. III. p. 49. 

f Of this little volume the ingenious Mr. Benjamin Stilling- 
Ifeet was the editor, if not the translator. He was grandson to 
the Bishop of Worcester, and equally distinguished as a Natu- 
lalist and a Poet, the rare utiion so much ciesired by the inge- 
nious ter. Aikin. Both the Bishop and our Author's father were 
ftllov^ of St. John's college in Cambridge. The latter, w^hosc 
liame was Edward, took the degi-ee of B. A, 1681; M. A. 
ie65 i and M. D. 1692. He was also F. II. S. and Grcsham pio- 
fessor of physick; but, marrying in 1692, lost his lucrative 
0tHces, and the Bishop's favour j a misfortune that afiected both 
IJim ahd his posterity. He took orders, however, and obtained 
by his fother'spatrdnage, the rector^' of Newington Butts, which 
He iminediately exchanged for those of Wood-Norton and Swan- 
tori in Norfolk. He died in 1708, leaving one son, Benjamin, 
find three daughters. Beryamin was educated at Norwich school, 
lOhich he Idt in 1720, with the character of an excellent scholar. 
Hfe then went to Trinity college, CambHdge, at the i-equest of 
W.B^ntley, the master, who had been private tutor to his &ther, 
dtnn^tic diaplain to his grandfather, and was much indebted to 
t&ri fiunily. Here he Was admitted April 14, 1720} took the de- 
Afee of B. A. ahd became a candidate for a fellowship ; but wa» 
Sheeted, hf the master's influence. I'his was a severe abd un- 
ej(pected disappointment •, and but little alleviated aftenvards by 
t6e lioetor's apology, that it was a pit)^ that a gentleman of 
Mt.SftiiUngfleot'8 parts should be buried witbSn the w-ails of a 


Digitized by 


1750-] THK WGrtTElENTH CBNTURY. 337 

*^ Observations on Miscellanea Analytica^^ by 
the Rev. Dr. W. S. Powell, 8vo.— This was the 

college. Perhaps, however, this ingratituc'e of Dr. Bentlcjr was 
aot of any real disservice to Mr. StjllingfLiet. He travelled into 
Italy; and, by being thrown into the world, formed many 
honourable and valuable connexions. The late Lord Barring ton 
ga?e him, in a very polite manner, the place of master of the 
barracks at Kensington ; a favour to which Mr. Stillingfleet, in 
the dedication of his *' Calendar of Flora'* to that nobleman, 1761, • 
alludes with great politeness, as well as the wannest gratitude. 
His "Calendar" was formed at Stratton in Norfolk, in J 755, at 
the hospitable seat of Mr. Marsham, who had made several re- 
marks of that kind, and had communicated to the publick his 
carious " Observations on the Growth of Trees." But it was to 
Mr. Windham, of Felbrig in Norfolk, that he appears to have 
bad the greatest obligations. He travelled abroad with him; 
spent much of his time at his house $ and was appointed one of 
his executors ^ with a considerable addition to an annuity which 
I that gentleman had settled upon him in his life-time. Mr. Stil- 
I lingfleefs genius led him principally to the study of natural his- 
tory, which he prosecuted as an ing^ious philosopher, an use- 
1 fill citiasen, and a good man. Mr. Gray makes the following 
I fiivourable mention of him, in one of his letters, dated from 
I Lcmdon in 1761 : ''I have lately made an acquaintance with this 
I philosopher, who lives in a garret in the winter, that he may 
support some near relations who depend upon Mm. He is 
always employed, consequently (according to my old maxim) 
always happy, always cheerful, and seems to me a worthy honest 
I man. His present scheme is, to send some persons, properly 
quahfied, to reside a year or two in Attica, to make themselves 
acquainted with the climate, productions, and nat^iral history of 
i the country, that we may understand Aristotle, Theophrastus, 
I &c. who. have been Heathen Greek to us for so many ages ; and 
this he has got proposed to Lord Bate, no unlikely person to put 
I it in execution, as he himself is a botanL^ ." An Epistle 1)y Mr. 
Stillingfleet, in 17^, is printed in the " Poetical M.^j^zine, 
1764," p. 294. ' He published, about 1733, an anonymous 
pamphlet, intituled, '*^ Some Thoughts concerning Happiness;" 
I and in 1759 appeared a volume of *' Miscellaneous Tracts," 
chiefly translated from essays in the '* AmoBnitates Academicae," 
published by Linnaeus, interspersed with some oViservations and 
additions of bis own. In this volume he shews a taste for clas^ 
Bjcal learning, and entertains us with some elegant poetical efiu* 
sions. He annexed to it some valuable " Observations on Grasses," 
>^ dedicated the whole to Geoi^ Lord Lyttelton. A second 
edition of it appeared in 176^5 a third in 1775. Mr. Stilling- 
fleet likewise published " Some Thoughts occasion ?fl by the 
late Earthquakes, 1750,'* a poem, in4to$ '' Paradise Lost/' an 
ontorio, set to music by Stanley, 1760, 4to ; and "The Princi- 

feaBd Powers of Harmony, 1771/* 4to, a very learned work, 
on Tartiui's " Trattato di Musica secondo la vera scienza , 

VoL.n, z deu'oogle 


beginning of a controversy that produced many 
pamphlets relating to the Lucasian Professorship 

dell' Armonia." These, and liLs *' Essay on Conversation, 1757," 
in the first volume of Dodsley^s Collection of Poems, entitle faim 
to no small degree of rank among our English Poets. The 
'^ Essay" is addressed to Mr. Windham, with all that warmth of 
friendship which distinguishes the Author. As it is chiefly di- 
dactic, it does not admit of so many ornaments as some compo- 
sitions of other kinds. However, it contains much' good sens*, 
shews a considerable knowledge of mankind, and has several 
passages that, in point of harmony and easy versification, would 
not disgrace the writings of our most admired Poets. Here 
more than once Mr. Stillingfleet shews himself still sore from 
Dr. Bentley s cruel treatment of him ; and towards the beautiful 
and moral close of this poem (where he gives us a sketch of him- 
self) seems to hint at a mortification of a more delicate nature, 
which he is said to have suffered from the other sex. This too 
may perhaps account for the asperity with which he treats the 
ladies in the " Verses** printed in the sixth volume of the *' Select 
Collection of Poems, 1781.'* To these disappointments it was 
perhaps owing that Mr. Stillingfleet neither married, nor went 
into ordera. His London resicfence was at a Sadler*s in Picca-* 
dilly, where he died a bachelor, Dec. 15, 1771* aged 69, leav- 
ing several valuable papers behind him. To these Mr. Pennant 
alludes in a beautiful elogium on him, prefixed to the fourth 
volume of the *' British TMlogy" when he says, " I received the 
unfinished tokens of his regard by viitue of his promise ; the 
only papers that weiv rescued from the flames to which his 
modesty had devoted all the rest." — Mr. Stillingfleet's eldest 
sister, Elizabeth, of a most amiable disposition, married John 
Locker, esq. a gentleman much esteemed by all who knew him, 
and particularly for his knowledge in polite Ht^rature, who died 
May 29, 1760, about nine months after his valuable wife, whose 
loss, it is thought, accderated his own death (see voL V. p. 372). 
The Mo other sisters married two brothers, gentleman of the 
name of Saboum ; one in the Church and the other in the Law; 
the former, the Rev. Mr. Bartholomew Saboum, a, very worthy 
Divine, died Oct. S5, 1752, leaving one daughter. — Mr. Stilling* 
fleet YfBS buried in St. Jameses church, without any monument at 
the time ; but a tablet is about to be placed there by a worthy 
son of the late excellent Lieutenant-Governor Locker. 

A good portrfldt of him was engraved by Valentiiie Green, from 
an original by J. Zoffiuijrj inscribed, 

'' Bei^amin Stillingfleet, esq. 

To revive in their memories the image of so worthy a man* 

many of these prints have been distributed among his friendly 

Multis ille bonis flebilis occidit.*' 

The original plate having been purposely destroyed, th^ 
impressions from it are very rare. But it is now copying, iii 
a smaller size, for a Selection from the Works of Mr. Stffling- 
fleet; whichj with Memoirs of tbe Author^ apd several original 

.gitized by GOO^-I^^W 


-^<^' / /4 ff^^/Zi^i- 

Jigitized by 

^ INicheU kScn JKy i :*/&#. 


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of Mathematicks at Cambridge when Mr, Waring 
was elected. 

"An additional Dialogue of the Dead,** [between 
Aristides and Pericles,! by Dr. Brown *, ovo. 

" Emendationes in Suidam ^ ; in quibus plurima 
loca veterum Graecorum, Sophoclis et Aristophanis 

Letters and Poems, and hitherto unpublished Portraits of some 
•f his illustrious Friends, will be given to the publick (probably 
before this notice of them appears) by a gentleman of distin- 
guL>hed eminence in Literature. 

* Tills Pamphlet i^ said to have been occasioned by an unin- 
tentional affront given to Dr. Brown by Lord Lyttelton. That 
Nobleman in a numerous and mixed company neglected to take 
notice cf our author in so respectful a manner as he thought he 
deser\-ed, and in resentment of it he composed the above- 
mentioned Dialogue. 

t Jonathan Toup was descended from a family formerly settled 
in Dorsetshire. His grand&ther, Onesiphoius Toup, had beea 
a man of good property, and patron, as well as incumbent^ of 
Bridport in that county ; but he appears to have been embar- 
rassed in his circumstances before his death, as he parted with 
the advowson, and left a numeroua iamily very slenderly provided 
for. His second son, Jonathan, was bred to the church, and 
>vas curate and lecturer of St. Ives in Cornwall. He m^uried 
Prudence, daughter of John Busvargus, esq. of Busvargus in 
Cornwall, and by her had issue Jonathan, the sul^ect of thii 
memoir, and one daughter. Mr. Toup was born at St. Ives in 
1713. After receiving the first rudiments of his education at a 
grammar-school in that town. He w&s placed under the oare 
of Mr. Gumey, at a private school in the parish of St. Merrin, 
Thence he was removed to Exeter college, Oxford ; where he 
took his degree of B. A. His master*s degree he took at Cam- 
bridge, in 1756; and obtained the rectory of St. Martin in 1750 j 
was installed prebendaiy of Exeter in 1774 ; and instituted to 
the vicai^age of St. Merrin in 1776- The two last prefermente 
he owed to the patronage of Bp. Keppel of Exeter. — He had 
lost his &ther whilst he was a child ; and his mother some time 
after inairying Mr. Keigwj'n, vicar of Landrake in Cornwall, his 
uncle Busvargus (the last male of that family) took him und^ 
his care ; considered him as his own child ; and bore the whole 
charge of his education both at school and at college. By the 
death of this excellent man, without issue, in 1751, Mrs. Keig- 
wyn succeeded, as heir-at-law, to his estate and effects. A wiU 
was found, supposed to have been signed by old Mr. Busvargus 
two days before Ids deaths but there were so many suspicious 
circumstances attending it, that the persons who would have 
been benefited by it never ventured to prave it.. Mrs. Keigwyn 
died in 1773, and left a will, bequeathing the whole of her 
tttates to her son Jonathan. In I76O Mr. Toup published the 
fot Part of his Emendations in Suidam, and in 1764 the second t 

% 2 PartOOgle 


inprimis^ cum explicantur turn emendantur^ scrip- 
sit Jo. Toup, A. M, Ecclesiae de Martin^ cum 

Part of the same work (on both which the Author of these 
Anecdotes wste the Compositor). These Books procured him 
the notipe of Bp. Warburton, who, from the time of their pub-, 
lication, honoured him with his correspondence and patronage. 
The Bishops in one of his letters, laments his having a see with- 
out any preferment on it 5 *' had it been otherwise, he should 
have been too selfish to invite any of his brethren to share with 
him in the honour of properly distinguishing such merit as 
Mr. Toup's." All, however, that the Bishop could do^ he did 
with the warmth and earnestness of sincere friendship. He re- 
peatedly recommended Mr. Toup to Abp. Seeker, to the Trustees 
for disposing of his Options, to Lord ^helbume, and to Bp. Kep- 
pel ; and the favours that Prelate bestowed on Mr. Toup were 
owing to th" solicitations of Bp. Warburton. The third Part of 
the Emendationes in Suida,m was published in 1766. In the fbl- 
lowing year Abp. Seeker expressed a desire that Mr. Toup would 
lend his assistance towards a new edition of Polybius, which was 
then in contemplation. Bp. Warbmton strongly pressed his con^- 
phance with this wish, and that he would lay by ibr a while the 
Notes he was preparing for Mr. Warton's edition of Theocritus. 
Whether this edition of Polybius was ever completed, is not cer- 
tain. In 1767 Mr. Toup*s Epistola Critica ad vinim celeherrimum 
GvL Episcop. Gloc, made its appearance. In 1770, Mr. Warton's 
edition of Theocritus was printed at the University press in Ox- 
ford. Mr. Toup was a large contributor towards the corrections 
andannotations of this edition ; in the title-page of which is noticed, 
*' Epistola Jo. Toupii de Syracusis, ejusdemque Addenda in Theo- 
critum, necnon Collationes quindecim Codicum." A note of 
his on IdyU. xiv. 37 {. gave such offence to some persons, that the 
Vice-chancellor of Oxford prevailed on the Editor to cancel the leaf 
on which it was printed, and substitute Kaother in its room. In 
vindication of Mr. Toup, it is sufficient to say, that Mr. Warton had 
not stopped this note from going to the press, and that a respectable 
friend, in a letter on this subject, declares his persuasion of Mr. 
Toup*s sincere veneration for Religion; and adds, that " no ma- 
lignant censures could abate his regard for his merit, or friend- 
siup for his perscto." This matter is before the publick, who 
may form their own judgment upon it. The race of Critics are 
well known to be no less irritable than that of Poets. The words 
here quoted were found in a copy of a letter, without any signa- 
ture, out dated April 1770. This cepy is immediately followed, 
on the same half sheet of paper, by the copy of another letter^ 
in Mr. Toup's hand-writing, which was addressed by him to 
Dr. ComwaUis, Archbishop of Canterbury, and was plainly occa- 
sioned by the foregoing letter. In 1772 Mr. Toup published his 
" Cune posteriores, sivfe Appendicula Notarum atque Emenda- 

X *vm9moMnotf oompAred with John ziii. 29. «yax»f4<roif7« koAvm. 

C^n^n^i tionum 

Digitized by V^VjVJk 


Capellis de Loo, in Agro Cornubiense, Rectore,'* 
8vo ; — the first public specimen of this labmnous 
scholar^s profound critical sagacity. 

tioDum in Theocrituin> Oxonii nupeniin^ pubiicatum/* 4to ; in 
which the substance of the canceled note was inserted — not ini* 
probably, aU of that note which was omitted in the substituted leaf. 
He concludes his pre&ce to this work with these words: '' ^uod 
ver5 scripsimus ad xiv. 37- verum est et honbstum. Sed rem pro 
fiingulari suA sagacitate minils ceperunt nonnulli Oxonienses -, qui 
et XDe sugillare baud erubuerunt; homunculi eruditione mediocri, 
ingeiuo nullo ; qui in Hebraids per omnem fer^ vitam turpiter 
Wlutatiy in Uteris elegantioribus plan^ hospites sunt/' By the 
severity of his critiques, Mr. Toup seems to have given grievous 
offence to. the learned Reiske; who, in complimenting Mr. Tho- 
mas Warton for his urbanity, styles him " dissimillimus hie in 
re Toupto, homioi truculento et maledico, CHJus literas msjoris 
Sim facturus, si humanit^s alios tractare, et ipse sibi parcere, suae* 
que feme consulere meliils didicisset." See Mant s Life of War- 
ton, vol. L p. xlvi — ^Mr. Toup's next work was the Appendiculum 
Notarum Ui Suidam, printed in 1775. In 177d« *' Longini om^ 
nia quse extant, Graec^ et Latin^: Recensuit, Notasque suas 
atque Animadversiones adjecit, Jo. Toupius. Accedunt £men- 
dationes Davidis Ruynkenii/' wi^ published from the Oxford pross^ 
in quarto. A second edition has since been printed in octavo. — ^As 
a writtf of great learnings and of .singular critical sagacity, Mr. 
Toup needs po encomiast. The testimonies of Mr. Warton, 
of Bp. Warburtoui and of every person in any way distin- 
guished for classical learning at home; of Emestus, Hem- 
sterhusiusj Ruynkheniui^ Val^enaer, Brunck, Klqit, d'Ansc de 
Villoison, TArcher, &c. &c. in all parts of Europe, suffici- 
eatly establish. his reputation as an author. To most or all 
of these he was assisting in the several works they published. 
As his life was passed in literary retirement, his character 
as a man was known but to few. It will appear from his 
works that he was not wholly untinctured with that self-com- 
placency, which is the almost inseparable companion of too 
much solitude. But this tiilling intirmity was amply compen- 
sated by many virtues. He was a kind neighbour, an indu%ent 
master, an affectionate and tender relation. Among his virtues 
niay be" enumemted his distinguished humanity to the inferior 
animals. The children of his tenants were restrained from 
taking birds* nests on his extensive glebe of St. Maitin, or 
from confining birds in cages ^ the cow that had long supplied 
h]s fiunily was preserved fi-om being killed, and was supported 
in her old Bgd ; the dog, who was the guard of his court*yard, or 
bis companion in the parlour, was an object of his care and at- 
tention. His theological studies were well-directed : he sought 
for the trutlis of Rel%ion^ where pnly they can be found, in the 
Scriptures, i^ot in the glos8e3 and comments of men: it will 
b^ nfiedksa to add^ that he was a liberal and tolerant Divine. 

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*^ De Ratione Interpun^endi, Auctore J. Ward, 
P.P.C.G." 8vo. — Of this very learned Gresham 

He WEUB punctual and serious in the discharge of the duties of 
his profession; and in his pi'eaching singularly plain and forci^ 
ble. He died on the 19th of January, 17B5, just entering into 
the 72d year of his age, and was buried under the communion- 
table in his church of St. Martin. Mr. Toup never was mar- 
ried. For the latter years of his life a half-sister of his, by tlie 
tame mother, a widow gentlewoman, with her three daughters, 
lived in the house with him ; and they inherited, by his will, 
what he left. It is remarkable, that though his name was 
Jonathan, in his later writing he always calls himself in Latin 
Joatines Tovp. In some of the books he had when young, he 
has written £ Libris Jona, Toup. He was a Christian from 
conviction ; not merely from the accident of having been bom 
in a counrry where Chrihtianity was professed. He fulfilled the 
duties cf life conscientiously, and from principle j without 
pamde or ostentation. In his pursuit of learning he was actu* 
ated by the most hon(»urable motives; by the desire of improving 
his own vnvid, and of amusing hiknself and others. If in Bishop 
Wai burton he found a patron capable of distinguishing merit, 
and zealous to rewai (i it, let it be remembered, to the honour of 
both parties, that the liishop's patronage was offered, not *o/j- 
died In ihe year 1764 he was repeatedly pressed by another 
Prelate, well known in the li'orary world, to quit his retirement 
at St. Martin's, and to settle either in London or in Oxford, 
wh-^rc he mi'jrUt have access to books, and might place himself in 
the udtf of notfce and jmferment. He was assured, at the same 
time, that the Bishop of his Diocese would himself make a tender 
of his connivance at his non-residence, without any application 
from Mr. Toup on the subject. But every proposal of thfe na- 
ture he constantly rejected. What his sentiments on the subject 
of residence were will appear from the following letter, sent by 
him to the London Chronicle, at the time of the controversy 
occasioned by Bp. Sherlock's last Charge to his Clei^. 

" Sir, The Bishop of London's late Charge against Non- 
residence is such a masterly, sensible, and seasonable piece, 
that it deserves the attention of every Clerj^^man j nay I could 
wish that every Pariah would get a copy of it to be kept in the 
▼estry-room, Ibr the service and iniipection of future IncUtnbents, 
For I am of the same opinion with the Author of a late spirited 

Letter tp the Bishop of E , that the residence of the Cleigy 

is absolutely necessary to the well-being of Christianity. The 

apology which Dr. has lately ptsblishtd in answer to the 

Bbhop of London, is not properly an apoUr .y for the clergy, but 
an apology for a set of worthless insignilicant Ecclesiastics, who 
scarce desen-e the name of Clergymen; who, instead of residing 
upon their proper cures, where they are in duty and conscience 
boiuid to reside, and living decently and hospitably in their 
several parishes, are idling away their time in Borough town8> 


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THE £I€»T]l£l>mi e^NTURT. 345 

Professor some biographical particulars shall be given 
in a future page. 

and busying themselves there about matters which do not con- 
cern them. These are the men that Dr. has set himself up 

as an apologist for. And a pretty apologist truly he is. Fov I 
will venture to say, a more shallow and frothy performance has- 
not made its appearance this great while ; in which the good 
man^ for nasons best known to himself, has laid out a great 
deal of pains to wash a blackmbor white. I will only mention 
one argument of his, from which a judgment may be formed of 
all the rest, viz. ' that the learning and abilities of a Rector should 
not be thrown away upon aCountiy parish, which might be 
more usefully employed in a large and learned congregation.* 
Where, by the by, the Doctor takes one thing for granted, which, 
I- believe, will scarce be allowed him» that the Rector of a parish 
has always more sense than his Curate 3 a point which I leave to 
Dr. ■ and his Curate to settle between themselves. I am. Sir, 
your most humble servant, A West-country Clergyman.*' 

Perhaps in a passage towards the conclusion of Mr. Toup's 
Epistola Criiica, he might intend some reference to his own 
voluntary retirement at St. Martin's, where he lived in the pur* 
suit of literary amusement, and in the unnoticed exercise of the 
duties of his profession. Having, on the authority of Eusebius, 
restored Hebr. xi. 37« to its proper order, he adds, " Notandus 
Exitus Orationis, et acumen pervenustum : they wandered about, 
and livtd in dens and caves of the earth, of whom the 
WORLD was not worthy, magnanimi heroes. 

" Sit anima mea vobiscum !*' [Gent. Mag. LV. 185.] 

''About the year 1750, or somewhat earlier, Mr. Toup offered 
Mr. Fletcher, the femous Oxford bookseller, to publish Longinus, 
if Mr. Fletcher would undeilake to print it on his own account, 
which the cautious old gentleman declined, as Mr. Toup's saga^ 
city was not at that time known even to the University. The 
reftisal was a fortunate one ^ and the pubUck, no doubt, has 
gained greatly by five-and-thirty years reading. When Mr: Toup 
returned from Cambridge, where he took his master's degree, 
he paid a visit to his friend in the Turl, and bought an unpub- 
lished Greek Dictionary in MS. for two guineas, which, by the 
use the gi:eat Critic appears to imve made of it in his works, 
must have been a pennyworth. I know no very great peculia- 
rities in the life of this corrector of Suidas ; the liie of a recluse 
seldom affords any that are worth relating. Mr. Toup censured 
freely^ and prais^ sparingly -, and he seems to have thought, as 
the generality of great men in his line are too apt to think, that 
after themselves, since the world is for the most part dull and 
undeserving, the Hewer they praise the better. There is not 
much entertainment in the courtships, if I may so call them, of 
great Scholars; they are like all others, helium' pax rurmm; they 
%htj and sbake bands; teold^ and are friends again; but whe. 


Digitized by 



*^ A Letter from Baron Montesquieu to Dr. War- 

ther they deal in abuse or panegyrick, whether they call god or 
dunce, it is clarissimiu, it is illustrissimus, it is o vufv, like 
Homer's hero. 

Seu Stat sen currit semper w6^»^ uwq 'A^'^wj- 
Mr. Reiske indeed complained bitterly, it should seem, to Dr. 
Askew of Mr. Toup's usage of him, which made the Doctor 
ofler to get any thing printed in London against Toup. Reiske, 
however, died without retaliation or apology, before or since, 
though the case of Erasmus and Scaliger inight have shewn that 
great men can relinit, and still maintain their dignity. But no 
injured Scholar on the Continent can want a champion while 
Mr. Schneider can hold a pen. Judge, O ye Muses ! of the 
provocation, how slight ! Mr. Warton, one of the most ingeni- 
ous men we are possedsed ot with great pretensions to a critical 
taste in Greek, mate-n a few innocent blunders in re-publishing 
an edition of the AiithoI(i>3ia j upon which Schneider says, with 
a sneer, ' Qunlia decent .Iv/vm.^ I wi^h Mr. Schneider coiild 
read Mr. Warton's notes \iu^\\ iMllton, or any of his numerous 
works, which arc so hig^ily prized by his countrymen. When 
Mr. Toup republished the suljstance of the canceled sheet In hia 
jippendiculum Notarum ad Thvocriiu^, he spoke very indecently 
of the Oxfcr.1 Hebrsans, and treated them with the most con- 
summate coriiempt. Upon which a late eminent Professor fired 
an epigraixi in Greek at the Critic's head, and paid him in his 
own coin. The turn of the epigram was, if I remember, an 
allusion to Toup's dedication of the Stratonics to the Arch- 
bishop, 'that he had hung up the ensigns of Friapus in the 
chapel at Lambeth.' I once saw a tra}»slation of this jeu cT esprit, 
the uork of a late eminent Chancellor, who was himself more 
than equal to the writing of the original. If I were asked to 
give an opinioji of Mr. Toup's critical performances, I think I 
should be founded in sajing, that he was less happy in conjeo- 
turing, than in defending his conjecturesj and in this he resem- 
bled his great master Bendey, whose very errors were instruc- 
tive. No one ever went away from the. Emendations of Suidas, 
without having been assured of something besides the vanity of 
the Annotator j and though he could by no means subscribe to 
one half of the alterations proposed by the Note-writer, yet 
would he think himself happy to command the same respect 
from others that they had extorted fix)m him. Mr. Toup is <^en 
ingenious, and always learned ; and by a peculiar felicity in disco- 
' vering the places to which his author alludes, or quotes, has 
explained difficulties, and illustrated obscurities, with greater 
plausibility, and more* undoubted success, than any of his prede- 
cessors. This learned gentleman, though he enjoyed bat little 
protection from the Heads of the Church, is said to have died 
worth 12,000/. no part of which he can ever be suspected to 
have got by his publications." Gent. Mag. vol. LV. p. 340. — 
The preceding Memoir, produced in the Magazine fi»r 17S6 
(v<^. LVl. p. 652) some severe remarks on the personal foibles 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


burton,** prefixed to the Letter on Bolingbroke, 8vo. 

of Mr. Toup ; ifvhich were ably refuted by the original eulogist^ 
in p. 860 ; and candidly noticed in p. 1030 by an impartial Cor- 
respondent^ who says, " That Mr. Toup waa an eminent man, is 
denied by no person, and therefore any anecdotes relating to him 
cannot be uninteresting. The only public meetings he used to 
attend were visiutions, and the Mayor s feasts at East and West 
Looe, the former of which boroughs was within the parish of 
St Martin. His gen^ul behaviour at these meetings was in no 
respect singular (except perhaps in manner, and that peculiar 
character which a life of solitude always contracts) ; he had the 
common cheerfulness of the rest of the company. He was at 
such times very anxious to hear the public news, and was rather 
credulous in what was related to him, as to the politics of the 
day. But if any pert young fellow thought he could play upon 
the old Grecian^ and raise a laugh at his expence, he was sure 
to meet with the greatest mor^cation in the end; for Mr. 
Toup's keenness and ability to expose such characters, when 
roused, were indeed very severe and drcadftil. He has been pro- 
voked too with persons, who, compansd with him, were mere 
dabblers inGi-eek, when they forced a lueraiy conversation upon 
him. But can we wonder that his irriiable temper should vent 
itself, when thus provoked ? would it not have been marvellous 
if he could always have ohecke<l it ?" — In a sul^sequent volume 
(LXVIf. p. 2Ui) another friend observes, " That Mr. Toup had 
his fbibies who can doubt ? for he was a man ; but one remark 
may be made with truth i-^ that be was most beloved and 
esteemed by those who saw him the nearest, and knew him 
the most intimately. If it be said, that all these were under 
obligations to him, what better testimony of goodness can be 
desired, than that, for upwards of thirty years, a man was 
continually conferring obligations on his parishioners, his ser- 
vants, and his relations ? This account, therefore, shall be 
closed with the following inscriptions to his memory (the one 
engraved on a mural tablet of statuary marble, the other on a 
medallion of gilt brass, inclosed in black marble appendant to it) 
pn the South wall of the church of St. Martin : 

*' Near this place lie the remaips 

of Jonathan Toup, A. M. 

Rector of this parish 34 years. 

Vicar of St. Merrin, 

and Prebendary of Exeter. f 

His abilities, and critical sagacity, 

^are known to the Learned throughout Europe : 

His virtues, 

^091 the retired privacy of his life^ 

were known but to few. ^ 

To those few they have endeared his memory. 
J. T. WBS born December 1713 : 
• died Jan. J9, 1785.'* 


' Digitized by VjOOQIC 


" Letters from Juliet Lady Catesby to her Friend 
Lady Henrietta Campley ; translated from the French, 
by Mrs. Frances Brooke*,'' 12mo, 

^Underneath is this inscripHon.'] 

" The Tablet above 

was inscribed to the memory of her uncle, 

by Phillis Blake : 
The chargip of it was afiterwards defrayed 
by the Delegates of the Oxford Press» 
as a small testimony 
of their respect for the character of Mr. Taup^ 
and of their gratitude 
for his many valuable contributions." 
* This very excellent kdy^ whose maiden name was Moore, 
was the daughter of a clergyman, and the wife of the Rev. John 
Brooke, rector of Colney in Norfolk, of St. Augustine, in the 
city of Noi-wich, and chaplain to the garrison of Quebec. Sfao 
was as remarkable for the gentleness smd suavity of her manneis 
as for her literary talentsv The finst literary pecformance we 
know of her writing was ^' The Old Maid/' a periodical work, 
begun November 15, 1755, and continued every Saturday till 
about the end of July 1756. These papers have since been coUected 
into one volume, l^mo. In the same yeai* (1756) she published 
** Virginia, a Tragedy, with Odes, Pastorals, and TVanslsftions,*' 
8vo. In the preface to this publication she assigns as a reason, 
for its appearance, " that she was precluded from aU liepes of 
ever seeing the Tragedy brought upon the stage, by there having^ 
been two J so latdy on the same subject." — " If bars," she adds, 
'' should be found to have any greater resemblance to the two 
represented, than the sameness of the story made tmovoidable, 
of whi(;h she is not conscious, it must have been accidental on 
her side, as there are many persons of very distinguished rank, 
and unquesticMiable veracity, who saw hens in manuscript before 
the others appeared, and will vntness for her, that she has taken 
no advantage of having seen them. She must here do Mr. Crisp 
the justice to say, that any resemblance must have been ecfialfy^ 
accidental on his part, as he neither did, nor could see her 
*' Virginia" before his own was played ; Mr. Garrick having 
declined reading hers till Mr. Crisp's was published." Pi-efixed 
to this publication were proposals for printing by subscription a 
poetical translation, with notes, of " II I^tor Fido," a work 
which probably was never completed. In 1760 she published 
" Lady Catcsby's Letters j" and in 1763 " Tlie Hi^toiy of I^y 
Julia Mandeville," concerning the plan of which there were 
various opinions, though of the execution there seems to have 
been but one. It was read with much avidity and general ap* 
probation. It has been often, however, wished that the cata^ 

J "Virginia," by Mr. Crisp, acted at DnsiyLane, Febroary 1754; 
and ** Appius/' by Mr. Moacrief, t^ed at Coveat GarUeDj March 17^. 


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It was a peculiarity, if it might be so calledj^ ia 
the character of Mr. Bowyer, that his engagements 

strophe had been less melancholy j and of the propriety of this 
opinion the Authoress herself is said to have been satis Aed, but 
dkl not choose to make the alteration. She soon aftcrwanis went 
to Canada with her husband, who was chaplain to the garu^on 
at Quebec j and there saw those romantic scenes so admirably 
painted in *' The History of Emily Montague, 4 vols. 19mo« 
1769." The next year she published *' Memoirs of the IV^ix^uis 
of St. Forlaix/' in 4 vols. 12mo. On her return to England 
accident broug^ht her acquainted with Mrs. Yates, and an inti- 
macy was formed between them which lasted as long as> that 
lady lived ; and when she died-, Mrs. Brooke did lionour to her 
memory by an elegant and affectionate eulogium, printed in the 
Gentleman's Magazine, voL LVII. p. 585. Mi-s. Brooke had 
with Mi^. Yates, for a time, some share in the Opera-house ^ 
and partook in the libellous abuse which the mamigemcnt of that 
theatre during the above period gave birth to. It has been ah (^y 
stated that her first play had been refused by Mr. GaiTick. After 
the lapse of several years she was willing once uiore to tr>' her 
fortime at the theati-e ; and, probably, relying on the influence 
of Mrs. Yates to obtain- its representation, produced a Tragedy, 
which had not the good fortune to please the Manager. He 
tberefonB rejected it ; and by that means excited the resentment 
of the Authoress so much that she took a severe re\ enge on him. 
In a novel published in 1777, intituled "The Excursion," ^Z vols, 
12mo. It is not certainly known whether this rejected Tragedy 
is or is not the same as was afterwards acted at Covent Gai'dcn. 
If it was, it vnll furnish no unpeachment of Mr. Garrick's judg- 
ment. It ought, however, to be repeated, that Mrs. Brooke 
thought her invective too severe; lamented and retracted it. In 
1771 she translated " Elements of the History of England, from 
the Invasion of the Romans to the Reign of Geoigc II. from the 
Abb^ Millot." 4 vols. 12mo. In January I78I, "The Siege of 
Sinope, a Tragedy," was acted at Covent Garden. This piece 
added but little to her reputation, though the principal chaise- 
ters were well supported by Mr. Henderson and Mrs. Yates. It 
went nine nights, but never became popular ; it wanted energy, 
and had not much originality ; t^erc was little to disapprove, 
bat not much to admire, Her next and most popular peri'orm- 
ance was *' Rosina,** acted at Covent Garden in Deceiuber 17S2, 
This she presented to Mr. HaiTis; and few pieces iiave been 
equally successful. The simplicity of the story, the elegance of 
the words, and the excellence of the music, promise a long 
duration to this drama. Her concluduag work was " Marian,'* 
acted 1788, at Covent Garden, with some success, but very much 
inferior to " Rosina.*' Her husband died on the 21bt of January 
1789, and she herself expired on the 26th of the same montli, 
$t Sleaford, where she had retired tQ the house of her son, who 


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as a man of business never were sufficient to divest 
him of those sensibilities, which men conscious of 
their superiority in respect to Hterary abilities some- 
times experience not to be among the blessings of a 
learned education. As he knew himself the first in 
his profession, he disdained the serviKty of soUcita- 
tion ; but, when he saw himself neglected, or an-r 
other preferred where friendship gave him a claim, 
he could not suppress the impulses of resentment, 
which he felt on such occasions. Many instances 
of this might be produced. They did not, how- 
ever, arise from avarice; nor was tlie article of 
profit that which acted with the greatest force upon 
him. The most trifling consideration would pro- 
duce as warm an expostulation as one of the greatest. 
The following shall be produced as an instance to 
shew how sensibly he felt himself hurt on such an 

His friend Dr. Samuel Squire *, then Dean of 
Bristol, having preached before the House of Com- 

bas preferment in that country. Her disorder was a spasmodic 

* This learned Divine, the son of an apothecary, was T)om at 
Warminster in Wiltshii-e in 1714 5 and was educated at St Johns 
college, Cambridge, of which he became a fellow j B. A. 1733 j 
M.A. 1737. Dr. John Wynne, bishop of Bath and Wells, appointed 
him his chaplain, and in 1739 gave him the chancellorship and a 
canoniy of Wells j and soon after collated him to the archdeaconry 
of Bath^ In 1748, he was presented by the King to tlie rectory 
of Topsfield in Esbsx j and in 1749, when the Duke of Newcastle 
(to whom he was chaplain, and private secretary f as chancellor 
of the University) was installed Chancellor of Cambridge, he took 
the degree of D. D. In 1750 he was presented by Abp. Herring to 
the rectory of St. Anne, Westmiiftter (then vacant by the death of 
Dr. Felling), being his Grace's option on the see of London, and 
for which he resigned his living of Topsfield in favour of a relation 
of the Archbishop. Soon after. Dr. Squire was presented by the 
King to the vicarage of Greenwich in Kent ; and on the estab- 
lishment of the houshold of the Prince of Walts (his present 
Majesty) he was appointed his Royal Highness's~ Clerk of the 

•f* In this character, from an unlucky similitude of names, he was ridi- 
culed in the famous Fragment by the appellation of ** Dr. Squirt, apothe- 
cary to Alma Mater*! (or the old lady's) Steward." Hia dark complexion 
procured him in collej^e conversation, v^d in the iquibs pf tha time, the 
pucknameof<<TbeManof AD^ola/' J. D, 

^ Closet, 

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mons, on the General Fast-day, Feb. 13, lj6l ; 
Mr. Bowyer of course expected to print the Ser- 

Qeeet. In 1760, he wts presented id the Deanry of Bristol ; 
and in 1761 (on the death of Dr. EUys) was advanced to the 
BishopridL of St David's, the revenues of which were consider* 
ably advanced by him. [^' These improvements of the estates of 
bishopricks, colleges, and other ecclesiastical revenues happen- 
ing by fits and starts, make them the more noticed 3 but in the 
main they are not more extraordinary than those held in lay 
hands." r. jP.]-— He died, after a short illness, occasioned by 
his anxiety concerning the health of one of his sons. May 7« 
1766. As a parish minister, even after his advancement to the 
mitre, he was most conscientiously diligent in the duties of his 
function 3 and as a prelate, in his frequent visits to his see 
(though he held it but five years), he sought out and promoted 
the fi-iendless and desci-ving, in preference, frequently, to powers 
fill recommendations, and exercised the hospitality of a Chiistian 
Bishop. In private life, as a parent, husband, friend, and master^ 
no man was more beloved, or more lamented. He was a fellovr 
oi the Royal and Antiquarian Societies, and a constant attendant 
upon both. He married one of the daughters of Mrs. Aitlesoif, 
a widow lady of fortune (his parisliioner) in Soho-square. Mrs. 
Ardesoif had als6 a son, who, afuT being apprenticed to a mer- 
chant in the city, went into the aruiy, and died young. Some verses 
to her ''on making a pin-basket,'* by Dr. (afterwajxls Sir James) 
Marriott, are in the fourth volume of Dodsley's Coliectioo. 
Isaac Akerman, esq. and Matthew Howaid, esq. married her two 
other daughters. Mrs. Squire, an excellent woman, by whom 
the Bishop left two sons and a daughter, did not long survive 
him. A Sermon, entituled " Mutual Knowledge in a future 
State," was dedicated to her, in 1766, with a juat eulogiuni on 
Bp. Squire, by Dr. Dodd j in which the occasion of the Bishop's 
death, already mentioned, Ls thus alluded to : '' Ahi^ i Madam« 
we think with anxious concern of the exquisite sensibiiity of his 
affectionate heart.** Di: Dodd had been chaplain to the Bishop, 
from whom he received a prebend of Brecon. In Dodd*s Works 
is, *'A Sonnet, occasioned by rca^iing the Tiiith and InTportance 
of Natural and Revealed Religioji/' '^ Gmtitude and Merit/* an 
epigram on Bishop Sqi^ire ; and " An Ode written in the Walks 
at Brecknock," expressive of gratitude to his friendly patron; 
whom, in his ''Thoughts in Prison," Week IV. he thus notices: 

— ■ — "And still more, when urg*d, appro v'd. 

And bless*d by thee, St. David's, honour d friend. 

Alike in Wisdom*s and in Learning's school 

Adv-anc'd and sage, &c." 

Bp. Squire published the following pieces : 1. ''An Enquiry into 

the Nature of the English Constitiuicjn ; or, an Historical Essay 

on the Anglo-Saxon Government, both in Germany and England." 

2. '•The antient History of the Hebrews vindicated j or. Remarks 


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mon. Tlie profit attending such a small article, it 
will be easily supposed, could be no material object. 

oh the Tliird VolttTtte of the Moral Philosopher. Cambridge. 
1741." 3. "Two i:ssay8. I. A Defence of the antient Greek 
Chronology. If. An Enquiry into the Origin of the Gi^eek Lan- 
guage. Cambridge. 1741." 4. " Plutarchi de Islde et Osiride 
liberj' Graicb et Anglic^ ; Graeca recensuit, emendavit, Commen- 
tariis auxit, Verstonem novatn Anglicanam adjecit Samuel 
Squire, A.M. ra-chidiaconus Bathonieiisis; accesserunt Xylandri, 
Baxteri, Bentleii, Marklandi> Conjecturae ct Emendationes. 
Cantab. 1744." 5. "An Essay on the Balance of Civil Power in 
England, 174. . Svo ;" which was added to the second edition of 
the Enquiry, Sue. in 1753. 6. '' Indifference for Religion inex- 
cusable, or a serious, impartial, and practical Review of the 
certainty, importance, and harmony, of natural and refvealed 
Religion, 1748," again in l^mo, 1759. Of this work Mr. Sack, 
junior, a jia-tor at Magdebourg (son of the late Rev. Mr. Sack*, 
.first chaplain to the King of Prussia), thus expressed himself in a 
MS letter to the Rev. John Duncombe : '^Bishop Squire*s ' Indif- 
ference for Religion inexcusable,* is extremely well translated, 
and very much esteemed by every one who loves his Religion 
more than his Party opinions. You know that it is not the case 
with evei-y Divine. My Father in jjarticular is extremely pleased 
with the Niethod the Bishop empleys in defending the Christian 
religion, it being so- much the same with that he madt use of in 
bis ' Defence of the Christian Faith,* that one would think the 
two works had but one author. I am sorry I had but once the 
honour to vibit him." 7. " Remarks upon Mr. Carte's Specimen 
of hifl General Histor)' of England, very proper to be read by all 
mich as are Continbutoi-s to that great Work, 1749," Svo. 
8. " The Principles of Religion made easy to young Persons, in 
a short and familiar Catechism. Dedicated to (the late) Prince 
Frederick. London, 17G3." 9. " A Ixjtter to the Right Hon. 
the Earl of Hallifax on the Peace, 1763," Svo, by Dr. Dodd, 
received great assistance from Bishop Squire. Nine of his Ser- 
mons on public occasions were separately printed : 1. On Spital 
Tuesday, 1745? John xiii. 45. — 2. At the Annual Meeting of 
the Charity Schools, 1749 5 Matth. vi. 19, 20.— 3. Before .the 
Duke of Newcastle, Chancellor, and the University of Cam- 
bridge, on Commencement Sunday, June 1, 1749 5 Matth. xiii. 
54. — 4. Before the House of Commons, June II, 1751, being 
the Anniversary of his Majesty's Accfession to the llm>he; 
1. Pet. ii. IS. — 5. A speedy Repentance, the most efiectual 
Means to aveil God's Judgments, preached at vSt. Anne's West- 
minster, on the Fast-day, Feb. 6, 1756 5 Rev. ii. 5. — 6. At St. 
Andiew, Holborn, befoie the Governors of the Small-Pox Hos- 

• This passa«:e produced the following billet : '< The Rev. Mr. Sack 
writes to me from Berlin, that in a note to Mr. Bowyer's Life, you put 
his father and himself amongst the dead, tfaey being both aliv«. Your 
moet obtdient, and most humble servant, C. G. Woms* Au^, i4» 1784.** 

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1760.3 THB EIGMTUKni CENTURY. 35 1 

But he felt himself n^lected; which drew from 
him the following expostulatory epistle : 

*^ REV, SIR, 

" I understand I am not to have the favour of 
printing your Sermon ; which gives me reason to 
fear that I have behaved in such a manner as to 

pital, Mandi 97, 1760 j John xlvii. 1. — 7. Before the House of 
Commons, on the Fast-day, Feb. 13, 1761 ; Psalm xviii. 9.— 

8. Before the House of Lords, Jan. 30, 1762; 1 Cor. x. 11.— 

9. Before the Governors of the Jjondon Hospital, 1765 ; Luke x. 
28. — He also left, in MS. a Saxon Grammar compiled by himself* 
The following just character of one of his Patrons, prefixed to his 
Grace's Nine Sermons, was written by this Prelate: "Archbishop 
Herring's person was tall and comely; his constitution, ft'om hia 
tenderest youth, weak and delicate ; his address easy, engaging, and 
pdite. He was generous without prodigality, magnificent without 
profusion> and humble without meanness. His distinguished ap-» 
plication to tlie business of his function, his learning, his warm 
attachment to the Constitution in Church and State, and his 
pathetic eloquence in the pulpit, having recommended him to 
the eaily notice of the gpeat, he ever afterwards maintained him* 
self in the possession of their &vour, esteem, and affection, bj 
his ingenuous conversation, and by his singular candour, temper, 
and moderation. Every new preferment, by rendering both his 
public and private nrtnes more known and conspicuous, con- 
vinced the world that he was still wor