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LITERARY PRIZES 
AND THEIR WINNERS 



LITERARY PRICES 
AND THEIR WINNERS 



1946 

R. R. BOWKER CO. 
New York 



Copyright 1935, 1939, 1946 
Revised and enlarged edition 1946 

By R. R. Bowker Co. 

Former title: "Famous Literary 

Prizes and Their Winners" 



PRINTED AND BOUND IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
BY THE NEWPORT PRINTING CORPORATION 



PREFACE 

A book that wins a prize wins readers. Awards given to books 
make people more ready to read those books, for the winning of a 
literary prize is a piece of news which helps lift that volume above 
the common level and catches the attention of a whole new public. 
Thus the selling power of a book is instantly increased when it 
becomes a prize winner. This distinction prolongs its sale and 
often stays by it into old age. Prizes help to sell "old" books as 
well as "new," and keep the books of yesterday still in demand 
today. 

Literary prizes have become so numerous that some guide is 
needed to their winners and this volume, now in its third revision, 
is intended to put into easily available forin the constantly sought 
records of the books and authors which have won distinction in 
this way. The established annual prizes of many countries are 
included, such as the Nobel, Goncourt, Pulitzer, Hawthornden, 
James Tait Black, Newbery, Caldecott, as well as many unique 
and unrepeated prizes. The information in regard to Continental 
prizes is not as complete as might be desired, but it is the latest 
word that could be obtained under the stress of the times. 

As literary prizes have developed in the United States, they 
fall into three general classifications annual awards, with mone- 
tary or honorary recognition (or both) ; fellowships for literary 
work in progress ; and prize contests, some of which are established 
on an annual or semi-annual basis. The list of publishers' prize 
contests is constantly expanding, as this method of rinding new 
talent has proved successful. Recently some of the large motion 
picture companies have adopted prize novel competitions with 
large money awards as a means of obtaining new film story 
material. 

Some drama awards are included in this volume, although it is 
not within its scope to be all-inclusive in this field. Journalism 
awards for the most part are omitted. Only the important short 
story competitions conducted in cooperation with book publishers 
have been covered. 



"" ; ; .' ' ' LITERARY PRIZES 

Every *^&&t! has been made to make the listings as inclusive 
as possible. However, because of necessary limitations of space, 
in some few cases winners of awards prior to 1939 are not in- 
cluded in this edition. In all such instances users of the volume 
are referred to the 1939 edition of Famous Literary Prices and 
Their Winners for the names of prize winners up to that date. 

It is not possible to devise a wholly satisfactory way of listing 
the dates of the awards. The best plan seems to be to give the 
year in which the award was announced. Most annual awards are 
for the books of the previous calendar year, although some prizes 
are offered in recognition of a life's work. Unless otherwise noted 
it may be assumed that the date of the inauguration of the various 
awards is that of the first prize winner given. 

No attempt has been made to ascertain whether or not the titles 
listed are now in print. They have been included with the name of 
the original publisher. In the case of awards made outside of the 
United States, the American publisher is given when known; 
otherwise, the original publisher's name appears. 

The first two editions of this book, which appeared in 1935 and 
1939, were edited by Miss Bessie Graham, of Philadelphia, com- 
piler of the well-known reference book, The Bookman's Manual 
(Bowker). However, with this third edition, the task of revision 
has been assumed by the publisher's staff. To all those who have 
assisted on this volume, the editor is most grateful, but particu- 
larly to Ruth Ellen Bains, who has seen the book through to its 
completion. We will be glad to receive word of corrections and 
omissions, and of new prizes which may 'be established. 

Anne J. Richter 

New York, N. Y. 
October 1946 



[vi] 



CONTENTS 

Page 

PREFACE V 

NOBEL PRIZE 3 

AMERICAN PRIZES 

General Prizes 9 

Publishers' Prizes 37 

Juvenile Prizes ' 57 

Poetry Prizes 65 

Drama Prizes 71 

Motion Picture Prizes 75 

Short Story Prizes 77 

BRITISH EMPIRE PRIZES 

Britain 81 

Australia 89 

Canada 90 

New Zealand 94 

CONTINENTAL PRIZES 

Czechoslovakia 97 

France 98 

Portugal 101 

Sweden 101 

U. S. S. R. 102 

LATIN AMERICAN PRIZES 103 

CONTESTS OPEN 

Prize Contests Open 109 

Fellowships Open 113 



[vii] 



NOBEL PRIZE 



Nobd Prise for Literature 

Of all the literary prizes, the Nobel Prize for Literature is tie 
highest in value and in honor 'bestowed. It is one of the five prizes 
founded by Alfred Bernhard Nobel (1833-1896), the other four 
awards being for Physics, Chemistry, Medicine and Peace. It 
consists of a medal in gold bearing an inscription suitable to the 
recipient, and a sum of money which originally amounted to 
$40,000. This sum has fluctuated over the years. In 1946 it 
amounted to $33,700. In 1946 the Swedish Parliament voted to 
exempt the Nobel Foundation from all taxation. Therefore, effec- 
tive in 1948, $10,000 will be added to each Nobel Prize. 

The Nobel Prize for Literature is awarded by the Swedish 
Academy in Stockholm, The official announcement is made on 
the tenth of December, the anniversary of Nobel's death. Because 
of the war, no awards were made 'between 1939 and 1944. 

Alfred Nobel was a Swede who amassed a fortune of seventy 
million dollars from the manufacture of dynamite, an invention 
which he had made and patented in Europe, England and Amer- 
ica. He began his career by manufacturing nitroglycerine in a 
factory in Sweden. An explosion caused the death of his brother, 
Oscar, and the crippling of his father. From this disaster came 
Nobel's determination to find a less dangerous substance and his 
efforts resulted in his discovery of dynamite. He maintained a 
factory in Sweden, another in California, and the largest dyna- 
mite factory in the world at Aberdeen, Scotland. 

By the terms of Nobel's will the prize for literature is to be 
given to "the person who shall have produced in the field of 
literature the most distinguished work of an idealistic tendency/' 

Although the prize would seem, from a reading of Nobel's will, 
to have been intended for the encouragement of the struggling 
author and as an incentive to future work rather than a reward 
for past work, the Academy has rarely so awarded it. The Nobel 
Prize is not awarded to any particular book, but rather to an 
author for the sum total of his works. No one may apply for the 
Nobel Prize ; it is not for competition. 

Three times an American has won the Nobel Prize for Litera- 
ture and in medicine, physics and peace, the honor has come to 
America repeatedly. During the war years there were no less than 
twenty-eight Nobel Prize winner living in the United States, in- 
cluding such distinguished literary figures as Sigrid Undset, 
Thomas Mann and Maurice Maeterlinck. 

[3] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS IN LITERATURE 

Although this prize is awarded on the basis of the author's 
complete work, his outstanding books are given herewith. 

1901 Sully Prudhomme. French poet A few of his poems translated by 
Dante Gabriel Rossetti. (Oxford.) 

1902 Theodor Mommsen. German historian. History of Rome. 4 vols. 
(Button.) 

1903 Bjornstjerne Bjornson. Norwegian dramatist, poet and novelist. 
Plays, First and Second Series. (Scribner.) 

1904 Fre'de'ric Mistral. Provengal poet and philologist Mireio f a pastoral 
epic, translated by Harriet W. Preston. (Roberts Brothers.) 

Jose" Echegaray. Spanish dramatist. Always Ridiculous, Madman or 
Saint. (Bruce Humphries.) 

1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz. Polish novelist. Quo Vadisf (Little.) 

1906 Giosue Carducci. Italian poet Selections and Translations by G. L. 
Bickersteth. (Longmans.) 

1907 Rudyard Kipling. English novelist and poet Complete Works. 
(Doubleday.) 

1908 Rudolf Eucken. German philosopher. The Meaning and Value of 
Life. (Macmillan.) 

1909 Selma Lagerlof. Swedish novelist and poet. The Wonderful Adven- 
tures of Nils; The Story of Gosta Berling; Mdrbacka. (Doubleday.) 

1910 Paul Heyse. German novelist, lyricist, and dramatist L'Arrabbiata. 
(Translation Publishing Co.) 

1911 Maurice Maeterlinck. Belgian dramatist Works. (Dodd.) 

1912 Gerhart Hauptmann. German dramatist and novelist Dramatic 
Works, 9 vols. (Viking.) 

1913 Rabindranath Tagore. East Indian essayist and poet Sadhana; 
Gitanjali, ( Macmillan. ) 

1914 No award. 

1915 Remain Rolland. French novelist Jean-Christ ophe. (Holt) 

1916 Verner von Heidenstam. Sweden's Poet Laureate. Sweden's Laure- 
ate: Selected Poems, translated by Charles Wharton Stork. (Yale.) 

1917 Karl Gjellerup. Danish novelist and poet 
Erik Pontoppidan. Danish novelist 

1918 No award. 

1919 Carl Spitteler. Swiss novelist and poet Selected Poems. (Putnam.) 
Prometheus and Epimetheus. (Scribner.) 

1920 Knut Hamsun. Norwegian novelist Growth of the Soil. ("*^nopf.) 
Hunger. (Knopf.) 

1921 Anatole France. French novelist. Works. (Dodd.) 

1922 Jacinto Benavente. Spanish dramatist. Plays. (Scribner.) 

1923 William Butler Yeats. Irish poet. Selected Poems. (Macmillan.) 

1924 Ladislaw Stanislaw Reymont Polish novelist The Peasants. 4 vols. 
(Knopf.) 

1925 George Bernard Shaw. Irish dramatist Works. (Dodd.) 

1926 Grazia Deledda. Italian novelist The Mother. (Macmillart) 

[4] 



NOBEL PRIZE 

1927 Henri Louis Bergson. French philosopher. Creative Evolution. 
(Holt.) 

1928 Sigrid Undset Norwegian novelist Kristin Lavransdatter (trilogy) ; 
The Master of Hestviken (tetralogy). (Knopf.) 

1929 Thomas Mann. German: novelist. Buddenbrooks; The Maffic Moun- 
tain; Joseph and His Brothers. (Knopf.) 

1930 Sinclair Lewis. American novelist Main Street; Babbitt; Arrow- 
smith. (Harcourt) 

1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt Swedish lyric poet (Awarded posthumously.) 
Karlfeldt had refused the award ten years before on the grounds 
that he was not read outside of Sweden. 

1932 John Galsworthy. English novelist and dramatist Works. (Scrihaer.) 

1933 Ivan Alexeyevich Bunin. Russian novelist and dramatist Thf Well 
of Days; The Village; The Gentleman from San Francisco. 
(Knopf.) * , 

1934 Luigi Pirandello. Italian novelist and dramatist As You Desire Me; 
The Outcast; Tonight We Improvise. (Button.) 

1935 No award. 

1936 Eugene O'Neill. American dramatist. Works. (Random.) 

1937 Roger Martin du Gard. French novelist. The Thibaults. (Viking.) 

1938 Pearl S. Buck. American novelist The Good Earth. (John Day.) 

1939 Frans Eemil Sillanpaa. Finnish novelist Meek Heritage. (Knopf.) 
The Maid SHja. (Macmillan.) 

1940 - 1943 No awards. 

1944 Johannes V. Jensen. Danish novelist and poet The Long Journey, 
(Knopf.) 

1945 Gabriela Mistral (Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga). Chilean poet. 
Desolation. (Institute de las Espanas en los Estados Unidos of 
Columbia University.) 

1946 Hermann Hesse. German-Swiss novelist, poet and essayist. Death 
and the Lover (Dodd) ; Steppenwolf (Holt) 



[5] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 



GENERAL PRIZES 

American Academy of Arts and Letters 
National Institute of Arts and Letters 

The National Institute of Arts and Letters, at 633 West 155th 
Street, New York 32, was organized at a meeting of the American 
Social Science Association in 1898. Membership was at first re- 
stricted to one hundred and fifty, but was later increased to two 
hundred and fifty. Eligibility for membership is conditioned upon 
distinguished attainment in literature or the fine arts. The Ameri- 
can Academy of Arts and Letters was organized in 1904. Its 
membership is limited to fifty. The American Academy is a 
smaller group within the National Institute of Arts and Letters 
In order to become eligible to the American Academy one must 
first be a member of the National Institute. In addition to the 
literary awards listed below, the American Academy and the 
National Institute award prizes in other branches of the arts. 

AWARD OF MERIT MEDAL 

The American Academy Award of Merit is a $1,000 prize 
accompanied ;by a medal. It is presented to an outstanding person 
in America representing one of the following arts: painting, 
sculpture, novel, poetry, drama. This award, established in 1942, 
is made in one of these fields each year, in the order given above, 
but is never made to any member of the Academy or of the 
National Institute. 

1942 Charles Burchfield (painting.) 

1943 Carl Wilhelm Milles (sculpture.) 

1944 Theodore Dreiser (novel.) 

1045 Wystan Hugh Auden (poetry.) 

1046 John van Dniten (drama.) 

AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ARTS AND LETTERS GOLD MEDAL 
The Gold Medal of the American Academy is conferred in 
recognition of special distinction in literature, art or music. It is 
given for the entire work of the recipient who must be a native 
or naturalized citizen of the United States. The Medal, which was 
designed by James Earle Fraser, is always given to non-members. 
The winners of the medal from 1915 to 1930 may be found in 
the 1939 edition of Famous Literary Prizes and Their Winners. 
No Medal was awarded between 1930 and 1942. 
1942 Ernest Bloch (Music) 



[9] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

WILLIAM DEAN HOWELLS MEDAL 

The Howells Medal of the American Academy is, as stated by 
the donor, "to commemorate the name of our great American 
novelist." It is awarded every fifth year in recognition of the most 
distinguished work of American fiction published during that 
period. The funds necessary to provide this gold medal, designed 
by Anna Hyatt Huntingdon, were accepted by the Academy in 
1921 on the eighty- fourth anniversary of the birth of William 
I>ean Howells. The first award was made in 1925. 
1925 Mary E. Wilkins Freeman, for her entire work. 
1930 Willa Gather, for Death Comes for the Archbishop. (Knopf.) 
1935 Pearl Buck, for The Good Earth. (John Day.) 
1040 Ellen Glasgow, for her entire work. 
1945 Booth Tarkmgton, for fiction. 

AWARD FOR DISTINGUISHED ACHIEVEMENT 

In 1945 the National Institute created the Xward for Distin- 
guished Achievement, providing* a prize of $1,000. It is to -be 
given to an eminent foreign artist, composer or writer living in 
America. 

1945 Richard Beer-Hofmann, Austrian. 
1046 Ralph Hodgson, English. 

NATIONAL INSTITUTE FELLOWSHIPS 

In 1945 two fellowships were established in memory of Edwin 
Arlington Robinson and Edward MacDowell. The first awards 
under this endowment were made in 1946. 
1046 Edwin Arlington Robinson Fellowship Edward Trask, writer. 

Edward MacDowell Fellowship Hans Sahl, writer, and Robert E. 

Strassburg", composer. (Divided award.) 

NATIONAL INSTITUTE GOLD MEDAL 

The Gold Medal of the Institute is awarded annually to any 
citizen of the United States for distinguished services to arts or 
letters in the creation of original work. Awards have been made 
for sculpture, history, poetry, architecture, drama, painting 1 , fic- 
tion, essays, biography, and music. Recipients of the Gold Medal 
for the years before 1935 mav be found in the 1939 edition of 
Famous Literary Prizes and Their Winners. 
1935 Agnes Repplier (essavs and belles-lettres.) 
1036 George Gray Barnard (sculpture.) 
1937 Charles McLean Andrews (history and biography.) 

[10] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

1938 Walter Damrosch (music.) 

1939 Robert Frost (poetry.) 

1940 William Adams Delano (architecture.) 

1941 Robert E, Sherwood (drama.) 
1942. Cecilia Beaux (painting.) 

1943 Stephen Vincent Benet (literature.) 

1944 Willa Gather (fiction.) 

1945 Paul Manship (sculpture.) 

1946 Van Wyck Brooks (essays and criticism.) 

AMERICAN ACADEMY AND NATIONAL INSTITUTE GRANTS 

In 1940 the American Academy and the National Institute of 
Arts and Letters established Grants to be awarded to non-mem- 
bers. The Grants were $500 when first given in 1941 ; in 1942 
they were increased to $1,000. The awards are "to aid in further- 
ing creative work by American artists and to honor them for past 
achievement with a practical recognition/' The recipients for 
literature have been : 

1941 Mary M. Colum 1945 Kenneth Fearing 
Jesse Stuart Feike Feikema 

1942 Hermann Broch Alexander Greendale 
Norman Corwin Norman Rosten 
Edgar Lee Masters Jean Stafford 
Muriel Rukeyser Marguerite Young 

1943 Virgil Geddes 1946 Gwendolyn Brooks 
Carson McCullers Kenneth Burke 
Jose Garcia Villa Malcolm Cowley 
Joseph Wittlin Peter de Vries 

1944 Hugo Ignotus Langston Hughes 
Jeremy Ingalls Arthur Laurents 
Thomas Sancton Marianne Moore 
Karl Jay Shapiro Arthur Schlesmger, Jr. 
Eudora Welty Irwin Shaw 
Tennessee Williams 

RUSSELL LOINES MEMORIAL FUND 

In 1924 the friends of Russell Loines, desiring to perpetuate 
his memory, established, and asked the National Institute of 
Arts and Letters to administer, a fund to 'be known as the Russell 
Loines Memorial Fund, the income from which is to be 
given periodically to some American or English poet not as a 
prize, but as a recognition of value. The sum was approximately 
$9,000, and the council, believing that awards of $1,000 should 
be made, wait until the accumulated income reaches that sum. 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1931 Collected Poems of Robert Frost, by Robert Frost (Holt) 

1933 The Boar and the Shibboleth, by Edward Doro. (Knopf.) 

3939 Letter to a Comrade, by Joy Davidman. (Yale.) 

1942 Poems: 1930-1940, by Horace Gregory. (Harcourt.) 



The A. B. A. National Book Awards 

During the seven years from 1936 through 1942 the American 
Booksellers Association, 35 East 2Oth St., New York 3, gave 
National Book Awards at the time of their annual convention. 
The award took the form of an engraved bronze paperweight. 
The selections were made by a vote of 'booksellers throughout the 
the country from a list compiled by a special committee of the 
A. B. A. There were five possible awards the most distinguished 
novel of the year; the most distinguished non-fiction of the year; 
the most distinguished biography of the year; the most original 
book of the year; the forgotten book of the year but awards 
were not always made for each category. During the war years 
when no A. B. A. conventions were held, the awards were dis- 
continued and have not been resumed. 

1936 Time Out of MM, by Rachel Field. (Macmillan.) Fiction. 
North to the Orient, by Anne Lindbergh. (Harcourt) Non-fiction^ 
Personal History, by Vincent Sheean. (Doubleday.) Biography. 
Circus of Dr. Lao, by Charles G. Finney. (Viking.) Original book. 

1937 Gone with the Wind, by Margaret Mitchell. (Macmillan.) Fiction. 
The Flowering of New England, by Van Wyck Brooks. (Button.) 
Non-fiction. 

An American Doctor's Odyssey, by Victor Hciser. (Norton.) 

Biography. 

The Country Kitchen, by Delia T, Lutes. (little.) Original book 

I Met a Gypsy, by Nora Lofts. (Knopf.) Forgotten book. 

1938 The Citadel, by A. J. Croniri. (Little.) Fiction. 

Madame Curie, by Eve Curie. (Doubleday.) Non-fiction and 

Biography. 

400^000,000 Customers, by Carl Crow. (Harper.) Original book. 

On Borrowed Time, by Lawrence Watkins. (Knopf.) Forgotten 

book. 

[12] 



AMERICAN PRIZES . 

1939 Rebecca, by Daphne du Maurier. (Doubleday.) Fiction. 

Listen! the Wind, by Anne Morrow Lindbergh. (Harcourt) Non- 
fiction. 

With Malice Toward Some, by Margaret Halsey. (Simon & 
Schuster.) Original book. 

The World Was My Garden, by David Fairchild. (Scribner.) 
Forgotten book. 

1940 The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck. (Viking.) Fiction. 
Wind, Sand and Stars, by Antoine de Saint Exupery. (Reynal). 
Non-fiction. 

Johnny Got His Gun, by Dalton Trumbo, (Lippincott.) Original 
book. 

Ararat, by Elgin Groseclose. (Carrick.) Booksellers' discovery. 

1941 How Green Was My Valley, by Richard Llewellyn. (Macmillan.) 
Fiction. 

As I Remember Him, by Hans Zinsser. (Little.) Non-fiction. 
Who Walk Alone, by Perry Burgess. (Holt) Booksellers' discovery. 

1942 Hold Autumn in Your Hand, by George Sessions Perry. (Viking.) 
Booksellers' discovery. 



The American Historical Association Prises 

The American Historical Association awards are designed par- 
ticularly to encourage those who have not published previously 
any considerable work nor established a wide reputation. All 
works submitted in competition for these prizes must be in the 
hands of the prize committee on or before the first of June in 
the year in which the award is made. The date of publication of 
printed monographs submitted in competition must fall within a 
period of two and one-half years prior to June first of the year 
of the award. Further information concerning the prizes may be 
obtained from the American Historical Association, Library of 
Congress Annex, Washington 25, D. C 

HERBERT BAXTER ADAMS PRIZE 

The Herbert Baxter Adams Prize, without stipend, is awarded 
in even-numbered years for a monograph, in manuscript or in 
print, in the field of European history. 

1938 French Foreign Policy During the Administration of Cardinal 
Fleury, 1726-1743, by Arthur McCandless Wilson. (Harvard Univ. 
Press.) 

[133 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1940 Church and State in Russia, 1900-1917, by John Shelton Curtiss. 
(Columbia Univ. Press.) 

1942 Rival Ambassadors at the Court of Queen Mary, by E. Harris 
Harbison. (Princeton Univ. Press.) 

1944 The Russian Fur Trade, 1550-1700, by R. H. Fisher. (Univ. of 
Calif. Press.) 

GEORGE LOUIS BEER PRIZE 

The George Louis Beer Prize of about $200 is awarded annu- 
ally for the best work on any phase of European international 
history since 1895. Competition is limited to citizens of the United 
States and to works in the English language actually submitted. 
A work may be submitted either in manuscript or in print. Pre- 
vious winners of this award may be found in the 1939 edition of 
Famous Literary Prizes and Their Winners. 

1939 Background of Anti-English Feeling in Germany, 1890-1902, by 
Pauline Relyea Anderson. (American Univ. Press.) 

1940 The American Impact on Great Britain, 1898-1914, by Richard 
Heathcote Heindel. (Univ. o Pennsylvania Press.) 

1941 The Anatomy of British Sea Power, by Arthur J t Marder. (Knopf.) 

1942 No award. 

1943 British Enterprise in Nigeria, by Arthur Norton Cook. (Univ. of 
Pennsylvania Press.) 

1944 No award. 

1945 No award. 



ALBERT J. BEVERIDGE MEMORIAL PRIZE 

The Albert J. Beveridge Memorial Prize of $200 is awarded 
biennially in odd-numbered years for a monograph, in manuscript 
or in print, in the field of the history of the Western Hemisphere. 
(This award has taken the place of the Justin Winsor Prize, pre- 
viously awarded.) 

1939 James Kent: A Study in Conservatism, by John T. Horton. 

(Appleton.) 
1041 The Background of the Revolution in Maryland, by Charles A. 

Barker. (Yale Univ. Press.) 
1943 The American Frontier in Hawaii: The Pioneers, 1789-1843, by 

Harold Whitman Bradley. (Stanford Univ. Press.) 
1945 John Stuart and the Southern Colonial Frontier, by John Richard 

Alden. (Univ. of Mich.) 

[14] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 
JOHN H. DUNNING PRIZE 

The John H. Dunning Prize of about $100 is awarded bien- 
nially in even-numbered years for the best work, either in print 
or in manuscript, on any subject relating to American history. 
Competition is limited to members of the American Historical 
Association. Previous winners of this award can be found in the 

1939 edition of Famous Literary Prises and Their Winners. 

1940 Robert Dale Owen, by Richard W. Leopold (Harvard Univ. Press.) 
1942 Boston's Immigrants, by Oscar Handlin. (Harvard Univ. Press.) 

1944 Admiral Sims and the Modern American Navy, by Lt Elting E. 
Morison, USNR. (Hotighton.) 

THE WATUMULL FOUNDATION TRIENNIAL PRIZE 

The Watumull Foundation has established a prize of $500 to 
be awarded triennially by the American Historical Association to 
the author of the best book originally published in the United 
States on any phase of the history of India. The first award was 
announced at the annual meeting of the Association in December 
1945. Books which publishers wish to submit should be sent to 
the committee on the Watumull Prize, American Historical Asso- 
ciation, Room 614, Fayerweather Hall, Columbia University, 
New York 27, N. Y. 

1945 Chanhu-Daro Excavations, 1935-36, by Ernest J. H. Mackay. 
(American Oriental Society.) 

MEMORIAL FELLOWSHIP 

A memorial fellowship of $1,000 has been established by the 
American Historical Association in honor of Albert J. Beveridge. 
It is to be awarded annually for the best original manuscript, 
either complete or in progress, on the history of the United States, 
Latin America, or Canada. The first award will 'be made in De- 
cember of 1946. 

This new fellowship represents an extension of the earlier 
program for the use of the Albert J. Beveridge fund. 

Anisfield' Wolf Awards 

The Saturday Review of Literature announced in 1934 a prize 
established by Mrs. Edith Anisfield Wolf of Cleveland, Ohio, in 
memory of her father, to be called the John Anisfield Award. 
The award was originally $1,000, but was later increased to $2,000 
to provide for a second prize in the field of creative literature. 



LITERARY PRIZES 

The name was changed to the Anisfield-Wolf Awards. The prizes 
are awarded annually for sound and significant books published 
in the United States or abroad on the subject of racial relations 
in the contemporary world. The prize is administered by a com- 
mittee consisting of Henry Seidel Canby of the Saturday Review 
of Literature, Henry Pratt Fairchild of New York University, 
and Ralph Linton of Columbia University. 

1935 Negro Politicians: The Rise of Negro Politics in- Chicago, by 
Harold Foote Gosnell. (Univ. of Chicago Press.) 

1936 We Europeans: A Survey of Racial Problems, by A. M. Carr- 
Saunders, Julian Huxley and A. C. Haddon. (Harper.) 

1937 We Americans; A Study of Cleavage in an American Cit& by Elin 
L. Anderson. (Harvard Univ. Press.) 

1938 The Negro College Graduate, by Charles S. Johnson. (Univ. of 
N. C Press.) 

1940 The Negro Family in the United States, by E. Franklin Frazier. 
(Univ. of Chicago Press.) 

1941 From Many Lands, by Louis Adamic. (Harper.) 

1942 The Haitian People, by James G. Leyburn. (Yale Univ. Press.) 
Quest, by Leopold Infeld. (Doubleday.) 

1943 Negroes in Brasil f by Donald Pierson. (Univ. of Chicago Press.) 
Dust Tracks on a Road, by Zora Neale Hurston. (Lippincott.) 

1944 The World of Sholom Aleichem, by Maurice Samuel. (Knopf.) 
New World A-Coming } by Roi Ottley. (Houghton.) 

1945 An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democ- 
racy, by Gunnar Myrdal. (Harper.) 

Earth and High Heaven, by Gwethalyn Graham. (Lippincott.) 

1946 One Nation, by Wallace Stegner & the editors of Look. (Houghton.) 
Black Metropolis, by St. Clair Drake and Horace R, Clayton, 
(Harcourt) 

Bross Foundation Prise 

The trustees of Lake Forest College, Lake Forest, Illinois, offer 
a cash prize of $15,000 for the best book or manuscript, hereto- 
fore unpublished, on the connection, relation, and mutual bearing 
of the Humanities, the Social Sciences, the Biological Sciences, 
or any other branch of knowledge with and -upon the Christian 
religion. The award was made in 1940 and is scheduled to be 
made again in 1950. The Bross Foundation was planned by 
William Bross in the years following the death of his infant son, 
Nattie, in 1856. Further information may be had by addressing 
the President of Lake Forest College. 

1040 Christianity: An Inquiry Into Its Nature and Truth, by Harris 
Franklin Rajl. (Soribner.) 

[16] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

The John Burroughs Medal 

The bronze medal of the John Burroughs Association is 
awarded annually for "a foremost literary work in the field so 
eminently occupied during his lifetime by John Burroughs," who 
called himself a "literary naturalist." Books eligible for considera- 
tion should combine literary quality with accuracy of statement 
and should be based on originality of observations and conclu- 
sions. There is no restriction with regard to the place of publi- 
cation but the book should be in English and should have been 
published within three years prior to the date of the award. This 
is not an open competition ; the selection is made by the judges 
from books in print. Information concerning the award may be 
obtained from the John Burroughs Association, the American 
Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, 
New York 24, N. Y. 

1926 William Beebe 1937 No award 

1927 Ernest Thompson Seton 1938 Robert Cushman Murphy 

1928 John Russell McCarthy 1939 T. Gilbert Pearson 

1929 Frank M. Chapman 1940 Arthur Cleveland Bent 

1930 Archibald Rutledge 1941 Louis J. Halle, Jr. 

1931 No award 1942 Edward Allworthy 

1932 Frederick S. Dellenbaugh Armstrong 

1933 Oliver P. Medsger 1943 Edwin Way Teale 

1934 W. W. Christman 1944 No award 

1935 No award 1045 Rutherford Platt 

1936 Charles Crawford Gorst 1946 Francis Lee and Florence 

Page Jaques 

California Medals 

The Commonwealth Club of California annually awards two 
gold medals (one, the General Literature Gold Medal and the 
other, the Scholarship and Research Gold Medal) and several 
silver medals for the finest books by California authors pub- 
lished during the preceding year. Both fiction and non-fiction 
books on any subject are eligible for consideration. Entrants are 
not restricted to California themes. Further information may be 
obtained from the Literature Medal Award Jury, Commonwealth 
Club of California, Hotel St. Francis, San Francisco 19, Cali- 
fornia. Medal winners for the years 1931-1939 are listed in the 

1939 edition of Famous Literary Prizes and Their Winners. 

1940 Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck. (Viking.) General Literature 
Gold Medal. 

[17] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

Francisco's Literary Frontier, by Franklin Walker. (Knopf.) 
Scholarship and Research Gold Medal 

Flowering Earth f by Donald Culross Peattie. (Putnam.) Silver 
Medal. 

Land Below the Wind, by Agnes Newton Keith. (Little.) Silver 
Medal. 

The Time of Your Life, by William Saroyan. (Harcourt) Silver 
Medal. 

Death Loses a Pair of Wings ; by Robin Lampson. (Scnbner.) 
Poetry Silver Medal. 

Bright Heritage, by Mary Virginia Provines. (Longmans.) Juvenile 
Silver Medal. 

1041 Wild Geese Calling, by Stewart Edward White. (Doubleday.) 
General Literature Gold Medal. 

The Structure of Art, by Carl Thurston. (Univ. of Chicago Press.) 
Scholarship and Research Gold Medal. 

The March of the Barbarians, by Harold Lamb. (Doubleday.) 
Silver Medal. 

My Name Is Aram, by William Saroyan. (Harcourt.) Silver Medal. 
A Diplomatic History of the American People, by Thomas A. 
Bailey. (Crofts.) Silver Medal. 

In What Hour, by Kenneth Rexroth. (Macmillan.) Poetry Silver 
Medal 
Blue Willow, by Doris Gates. (Viking.) Juvenile Silver Medal. 

1942 Anybody's Gold, by Joseph Henry Jackson. (Appleton.) General 
Literature Gold Medal 

Many Mexicos, by Lesley Byrd Simpson. (Putnam.) Scholarship 
and Research Gold Medal. 

When the Living Strive, by Richard T. LaPiere. (Harper.) Silver 
Medal 

Thackeray, by John W. Dodds. (Oxford Univ. Press.) Silver Medal 
The Morning of America, by Frank J. Klingberg. (Appleton.) 
Silver Medal 

1943 / Remember Christine, by Oscar Lewis. (Knopf.) General Literature 
Gold Medal 

History of Historical Writing, by James Westfall Thompson. 

(Macmillan.) Scholarship and Research Gold Medal. 

Lord of Alaska, by Hector Chevigny. (Viking.) Silver Medal. 

Man Who Killed the Deer, by Frank Waters. (Farrar & Rinehart) 

Silver Medal 

The Stranger, by Lillian Bos Ross. (Morrow.) Silver Medal. 

Proud Riders, by H. L. Davis. (Harper.) Poetry Silver Medal 

Long Adventure, by Hildegarde Hawthorne, (Appleton.) Juvenile 

Silver Medal 

1944 Trio, by Dorothy Baker. (Houghton.) General Literature Gold 
Medal, 

The Legacy of Nazism, by Frank Munk. (Macmillan.) Scholarship 
and Research Gold Medal 

[18] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

Wide Is the Gate, by Upton Sinclair. (Viking.) Silver Medal 
The Day of Reckoning, by Max Radin. (Knopf.) Silver Medal. 
Brothers Under the Skin, by Carey McWilliams, (Little.) Silver 
Medal. 

Spurs far Antonla, by Katherine Wigmore Eyre, (Oxford.) Juve- 
nile Silver Medal. 

Napoleon HI, by Albert Guerard. (Harvard.) Special award of 
distinguished merit Silver Medal. 

1945 One Day on Beetle Rock, by Sally Carrighar. (Knopf.) Gold Medal, 
Woodrow Wilson and the Lost Peace, by Thomas Bailey. (Macmil- 
lan.) Gold Medal. 

Forward Observer, by Edwin V. Westrate. (Dutton.) Silver Medal. 

Captain Retread, by Donald Hough. (Norton.) Silver Medal 

Caesar and Christ, by Will Durant (Simon & Schuster.) Silver 

Medal. 

Phoenix and the Tortoise, by Kenneth Rexroth. (New Directions.) 

Poetry Silver Medal. 

Thunderbolt House, by Howard Pease. (Doubleday.) Juvenile Silver 

Medal. 

1946 A Lion Is in the Streets, by Adria Locke Langley. (Whittlesey.) 
General Literature Gold Medal 

Charlotte and Emily, by Laura L. Hinkley. (Hastings.) Scholarship 

and Research Gold Medal 

Minor Heresies, by John J. Espey. (Knopf.) Silver Medal 

High Bonnet, by Idwal Jones. (Prentice-Hall) Silver Medal. 

South America Called Them, by Victor Wolfgang von Hagen. 

(Knopf.) Silver Medal 

The Singing Cave, by Margaret Leighton. (Houghton.) Juvenile 

Silver Medal 

Catholic Literary Award 

This award has been 'given annually since 1941 for the most 
outstanding book published by a member of the Gallery of Living 
Catholic Authors, The award is usually made on the last Sunday 
in October, the Feast of Christ the King, and takes the form of 
an honorary scroll bearing the name of the author and the date 
of the award. Further details may be obtained from the Gallery 
of Living Catholic Authors, Webster Groves, Missouri. 

1941 Autobiography, by Eric Gill. (Devin-Adair.) 

1942 A Companion to the Summa, by Father Walter Farrell (Sheed & 
Ward.) 

1943 Pageant of the Popes, by John Farrow. (Sheed & Ward.) 

1944 St. Teresa of Avila, by William Thomas Walsh. (Bruce.) 

1945 New Testament in English, by Monsignor Ronald Knox. (Sheed 
& Ward.) 

1946 Brideshead Revisited, by Evelyn Waugh. (Little.) 

[19] 



LITERARY PRIZES 
Friends of American Writers Award 

The Friends of American Writers Foundation is a group of 
400 Chicago women who award a cash prize every year to an 
author who is either a resident of the Middle West or who has 
written a book, fiction or non-fiction, concerning the Middle West. 

Between 1928 and 1938 prizes were offered by this group rang- 
ing between $100 and $500 and were awarded to nineteen authors, 
among whom were Carl Sandburg, Harriet Monroe, Vincent 
Sheean, Donald Culross Peattie, and John Gunther. The prize 
now amounts to $750. 

Details concerning the award may be obtained from Mrs. W. J. 
Bargen, 922 North Sheridan Rd., Waukegan, Illinois. 

1938 They Came Like Swallows, by William Maxwell. (Harper.) 

1939 Wind Without Rain, by Herbert Krause, (Bobbs.) 

1940 Ararat , by Elgin Groseclose. (Carrick.) 

1941 Delilah, by Marcus Goodrich. (Farrar & Rinehart) 
Special award to Poetry: A Magazine of Verse 

1942 West of Midnight, by Paul Engle. (Random.) 

1943 In the Forests of the Night, by Kennth S. Davis. (Houghton.) 

1944 Retreat from Rostov, by Paul Hughes. (Random.) 

1945 Final Score, by Warren Beck. (Knopf.) 

1946 Dark Medallion, by Dorothy Langley. (Simon & Schuster.) 

John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowships 

In order to improve the quality of education, and the practice 
of arts and professions in the United States, to foster research, 
and to provide for the cause of better international understanding, 
the late United States Senator, Simon Guggenheim, and his wife 
established in 1925 the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial 
Foundation in memory of a son who died in 1922. 

Four million dollars were devoted to the establishment of this 
foundation which provides fellowships for research in any field 
of knowledge and for creative work in any of the fine arts. The 
endowment of the Foundation now totals $28,000,000. 

All the income is devoted to providing opportunities for men 
and women of high ability to further their work. The Founda- 
tion's assistance is given to scholars and artists in the form of 
fellowships. The funds granted each fellow are designed to be 
adequate to his needs for the period of the fellowship, depending 
upon the needs of the work at hand. Men and women, married 

[20] 



PRIZES 

or unmarried, without distinction of race, color or creed, are 
eligible on equal terms. The fellows are allowed to carry on their 
work anywhere in the world. Under one o the fellowship plans, 
grants are made to citizens and permanent residents of the United 
States ; under another plan, grants are made to citizens of thirteen 
Latin American countries. 

In 1944, in addition to the usual awards, the Foundation appro- 
priated $200,000 for Post-Service Fellowships to be awarded to 
young scholars and artists who have served the war effort in the 
Armed Forces or other governmental services. 

The Guggenheim Fellowships are awarded in the fields of art, 
music, history, science, creative writing, philosophy, etc. However, 
the list below includes only those in creative writing and biog- 
raphy. Fellowship winners in these fields for the years from 1928 
through 1939 may be found in the 1939 edition of Famous Liter- 
ary Prizes and Their Winners. In normal cases the stipend will 
not exceed $2,500 a year. Further details may be obtained from 
the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, 551 Fifth Avenue, 
New York 17, N. Y. 

GUGGENHEIM FELLOWS 

R. Fernando Alegria (1946) Jean Stafford Lowell (1945) 

(Chile) Andrew Nelson Lytle (1940 and 
Wystan Hugh Auden (1942) 1941) 

Dorothy Baker (1942) Hugh MacLennan (1943) 

Howard Baker (1944) Carson McCullers (1942 and 1946) 

Jacques Barzun (1945) Gustavus Meyers (1942) 

Hermann J. Broch (1940 and Marianne Moore (1945) 

1941) Wigherto Jimenez Moreno (1942) 
Gwendolyn Brooks (1946) (Mexico) 

Henrietta Buckmaster (1944) Wright Morris (1942) 

Marie Campbell (1944) Vladimir Nabokov (1943) 

Wilbur J. Cash (1941) Justin O'Brien (1942) 

Brainard Cheney (1941) Octavio Paz (1943) 

Edwin Corle (1941) Robert Pick (1945) 

Reuel N. Denney (1941) Frederick Pottle (1945) 

Ward Allison Dorrance (1940) Vladimir Pozner (1943) 

John Dos Passes (1940 and 1942) Gordon Morton Ray (I94 2 ) 

Charles Warren Everett (1944) Jay Saunders Redding (1944) 

Lloyd Frankenberg (1940) Theodore Roethke (1945) 

Arturo Arnaiz y Freg (1942) Kathleen Romoli (1943) 

(Mexico) Norman Rosten (1941) 

Lewis Galanti^re (1940) Muriel Rukeyser (1943) 

Maxwell David Gesimar (1942) Ralph Leslie Rusk (1945) 

Alexander Greendale (1942) Mark Schorer (1941 and 1942) 



LITERARY PRIZES 



Alfred Whitney Griswold (1942) 
Alrkk Gustafson (1945) 
Jeremy Ingalls (1943) 
Randall Jarrell (1946) 
Israel James Kapstein (1944) 
Alfred Kazin (1940) 
Marie Kimball (1945) 
Oliver La Farge (1941) 
Edwin Lanham (1940) 
Gabriel Fernandez Ledesma 

(1942) (Mexico) 
Roger Lemelin (1946) 
Antonio Hernandez Travieso 

(1942 and 1943) (Cuba) 
Jose Garcia Villa (1943) 
Hugh Mason Wade (1943 and 

1944) 

Dixon Wecter (1942) 
Edward Weismiller (1943) 



Delmore Schwartz (1940 and 

1941) 
Ramon J. Sender (1941) 

(Mexico) 
Madeleine B. Stern (1043 and 

^1944) 
Virginia Eggertsen Sorenson 

(1946) 

Randall Stewart (1943) 
James Still (1941 and 1946) 
Laurence Thompson (1945) 
Signe Kirstine Toksvig (1943) 
Eudora Welty (1942) 
Christine W r eston (1940) 
David Willson (1943) 
Arthur Ramous Wilmurt (1946) 
Howard Wolf (1940) 
Morton Dauwen Zabel (1944) 
George Zabriskie (1042 and 1946) 



POST-SERVICE FELLOWSHIPS 



"Herbert Aptheker (1945) 
John Bakeless (1945) 
Ben Belitt (1945) 
Sam Byrd (1946) 
Hodding Carter (1945) 
Paul G. Horgan (1945) 
Everette Howard Hunt, Jr. (1946) 
Adrienne Koch (1945) 
Stanley Kunitz (1945) 



Oliver La Farge (1945) 
Jerre Mangione (1945) 
Caroline Bache McMahon (1945) 
Dale Morgan (1945) 
James R. Newman (1946) 
Karl Shapiro (1944) 
Bradford Smith (1946) 
William E. Wilson (1945) 



The Avery Hopwood and Jule Hopwood Prises 

Since 1931 prizes for student writing have been awarded at the 
University of Michigan. These awards were made possible by 
Avery Hopwood, the dramatist, an alumnus of the university, 
who provided that prizes be given each year "to students who 
perform the best creative work in the fields of dramatic writing, 
fiction, poetry and the essay." Major and minor awards are made 
in each field and have varied from $75 to $2,500. Only regularly 
enrolled students in the University of Michigan may enter the 
competition. The list below includes only those winners whose 
books have -been published since 1939. A partial list of winners 
from 1933 through 1938 appears in the earlier edition of Famous 
Literary Prizes and Their Winners. For further information, 
write to the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

[22] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

1939 Homeward to America, by John Anthony Ciardi. (Holt) 
The Loon Feather, by lola Fuller. (Harcourt) 

1940 Whistle Stop, by Maritta Wolff. (Random.) 

Lincoln Lyrics, by John Malcolm Brinnin. (New Directions.) 

1941 Nearer the Earth, by Beatrice Borst (Random.) 

1942 November Storm, by Jay McCormick. (Dotibleday.) 

Golden Apples of the Sun, by Rosemary Obermeyer. (Dutton.) 

Dancing Saints, by Ann George Leslie. (Doubleday.) 

Rising Wind, by Sister Mary Edwardine. (Bruce Humphries.) 

1943 The Broken Pitcher, by Naomi Gilpatrkk. (Dial.) 
Delay is the Song, by Rosamond Haas. (Dutton.) 

1944 A Sweep of Dusk, by William Kehoe. (Dutton.) 

Years Before the Flood, by Marianne Roane. (Scribner.) 
34 Charlton Street, by Rene Kuhn. (Appleton.) 
Family Tree, by Florence Maple. (Knopf.) 

1945 The Gifts of Love, by Adrina Iverson. (Farrar, Straus, with Duell, 
Sloan & Pearce.) 

Rip Van IV inkle's Dream, by Jeannette Haien. (Doubleday.) 

Clementine, by Peggy Goodin. (Dutton.) 

By Their Fruits, by Julia Neal. (Univ. of N. C. Press.) 

1946 The Practicing of Christopher, by Josephine Eckert. (Dial.) 
No More With Me, by Russell M. LaDue, Jr. (Doubleday.) 
The Grass Divides, by Kathleen Hughes Thumitu (Doubleday.) 

Laetare Medal 

The Laetare Medal has been awarded annually since 1883 by 
the Academic Council of the University of Notre Dame, Notre 
Dame, Indiana, as a recognition of merit and an incentive to 
greater achievement. The faith of the winner is not mentioned 
in the terms of the award, -but the prize has always been given 
to a distinguished member of the Catholic laity. The name of the 
recipient is announced on Laetare Sunday, the fourth Sunday 
in Lent. 

The list below includes only those winners since 1937 who have 
received the award for literary work. 

1941 William Thomas Walsh, journalist and author. 

1042 ,Helen Constance White, author and teacher. 

1943 Thomas Francis Woodlock, editor. 

1944 Anne O'Hare McCormick, journalist 

1946 Dr. Carlton J. H. Hayes, historian, author and diplomat. 

[23] 



IJTERARY PRIZES 

Limited Editions Club Gold Medal 

This medal is awarded periodically to "the American author 
of that book, published in the three years previous to the making 
of the award, which 5s considered most nearly to attain the stature 
of a classic." 

1935 An Almanac for Moderns, by Donald Culross Peattie. (Putnam.) 

1938 The Flowering of New England, by Van Wyck Brooks. (Button.) 
1941 For Whom the Bell Tolls, by Ernest Hemingway. (Scribner.) 

1945 One Man's Meat, by E. B. White. (Harper.) 

The Loubat Prises 

The Loubat Prizes were instituted in 1893 by a grant of Joseph 
Horimond, Due de Loubat. They consist of a first prize of $1,000 
and a second prize of $400, offered every five years for the best 
work printed and published in the English language, on the his- 
tory, geography, archaeology, ethnology, philology, or numis- 
matics of North America. The fund is administered by Columbia 
University, New York, and the jury of awards is chosen from 
eminent men of learning. The competition for the prizes is open 
to all persons, whether connected with Columbia or not, and 
whether residents of the United States or not Details of the 
award may be obtained from the Secretary of Columbia Univer- 
sity, New York, N. Y. Previous winners may be found in the 

1939 edition of Famotts Literary Prizes and Their Winners. 

1943 The Inscriptions of Peten, by Sylvanus Griswold Morley. (Carnegie 
Institution of Washington.) 
The Continental Congress, by Edmund Cody Burnett. (Macmillan.) 

Mystery Novel Award 

The Mystery Writers of America, Inc., 220 East 42nd Street, 
New York, N. Y., present an annual "Edgar Allan Poe" award 
for the best first mystery novel. The "Edgars" are copies of a 
special edition of The Portable Poe bound in red leather and are 
awarded in honor of the father of the detective story, Edgar 
Allan Poe. 

1945 Watchful at Night, by Julius Fast (Rindiart) 

[24] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

New York University Literature Prize 

The Gold Medal Award of the Society for the Libraries of 
New York University is offered for American authors "revealing 
new and distinctive talent in the field of imaginative literature." 
The first award was made in 1940. In March, 1943, it was an- 
nounced that the award would be discontinued for the duration 
of the war. However, plans are being considered for resuming 
the award. It is expected that an award will be made in 1947. 
Further information may be obtained from the Society for the 
Libraries of New York University, New York University, Wash- 
ington Square, New York. 

1940 Pale Horse, Pale Rider, by Katherine Anne Porter. (Harcourt) 

1941 Who Walk Alone, by Perry Burgess. (Holt) 

1942 The Trees, by Conrad Ricnter. (Knopf.) 

Ohioana Awards 

In recent years there has been much interest in regional writers 
and groups in various states and sectors have offered prizes for 
regional material. However, among the most widely known and 
firmly established of these are the Ohioana Awards and the Cali- 
fornia Medals. 

The Martha Kinney Cooper Ohioana Library was founded to 
honor Ohio writers, to acquaint the public with their books, to 
collect these books in one place and thereby preserve the culture 
and traditions of the state. In 1941 the Executive Board inaugu- 
rated a plan providing awards to a number of outstanding books. 
The prizes, which take the form of ceramic medals designed by 
Paul Bogataya, are awarded annually in the fall. 

The Ohioana Library is the only one of its kind that has been 
developed wholly by private subscription and is unique in its wide 
promotion for Ohio authors. Further information concerning the 
awards may be obtained from Mrs. Depew Head, Ohioana 
Library, 1109 State Office Building, Columbus 15, Ohio. 

1942 Prelude to Victory, by James B. Reston. (Knopf.) 

1943 Fiction: Bitter Honey, by Martin Joseph Freeman. (Macmillan.) 
Non-fiction: Climate Makes the Man, by Clarence A. Mills. 

(Harper.) 

Juvenile: Bibi: The Baker's Horse, by Anna Bird Stewart 

(Lippincott.) 

1944 Fiction: Take Nothing for Your Jowrney, by Ann Steward. 
(Macmillan.) 

[25] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

Biography: The Wright Brothers, by Fred C Kelly. (Harcourt) 
Juvenile: Bayou Susette, by Lois Lenski, (Lippincott) 
Poetry: Cloth of Tempest, by Kenneth Patchen. (Harper.) 
War Book: Burma Surgeon, by Gordon S. Seagrave. (Norton.) 
1945 Fiction: Deep River, by Henrietta Buckmaster. (Harcourt.) 

Non-fiction: The Road to Teheran, by Foster Rhea Dulles. (Prince- 
ton Univ. Press.) 

Juvenile: One God: The Ways We Worship Him, by Florence 
Mary Fitch. (Lothrop, Lee & Shepard.) 

Humor: The Queen Was in the Kitchen, by Daphne Alloway 
McVicker. (Whittlesey House.) 
/ Never Left Home, by Bob Hope. (Simon Schuster.) 

Pulitzer Prizes in Letters 

The Pulitzer Prizes in Letters date from 1917. They were 
established by the terms of the will of Joseph Pulitzer (1847- 
1911) Mr. Pulitzer is remembered as the newspaper genius of 
the New York World and for his gift of a School of Journalism 
to Columbia University, as well as for his prizes to American 
literature. 

Usually five prizes of $500 each (prior to 1942 these prizes 
were $1,000 each) are awarded in the field of letters. However, 
in 1941 and 1946 no award was given for a novel; in 1946 no 
poetry prize was given ; in 1942 and 1944 no drama prize could 
be decided upon, although in the latter year a special award of 
$500 was given to Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II 
for the operetta, Oklahoma. Since 1917 only two authors have 
refused the Pulitzer prizes: Sinclair Lewis in 1926 for Arrouf- 
smith and William Saroyan in 1940 for his play, The Time of 
Your Life. A rather complete outline of the discussions centering 
around early Pulitzer prize winners will be found in the 1939 
edition of Famous Literary Prises and Their Winners. 

In addition to prizes in letters, there are Pulitzer prizes in 
journalism, music, and traveling scholarships for graduates of the 
School of Journalism and students of the National Academy of 
Design. The terms of the awards, revised to May 1946, are as 
follows : 

1. The award of prizes and traveling scholarships is made by 
the Trustees of Columbia University on the recommendation of 
the Advisory Board of the Graduate School of Journalism, and 
is usually announced during the month of May. 

2. Nominations of candidates for any one of the Pulitzer Prizes 

[26] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

should be made in writing on or before February I of each year, 
addressed to the Secretary of Columbia University, New York, 
on forms which may be obtained on application to the Secretary 
of the University. 

3. Each nomination must be accompanied by three copies of 
any book, or one copy of any editorial, article, or other material 
submitted by any competitor, or on his behalf. Books submitted 
in competition for the Prizes become the property of the Univer- 
sity. In the case of a musical composition, performing organiza- 
tions (orchestras, theaters, etc.) are requested to send nominatfo&s 
accompanied by one copy of the score. The Advisory Board, at 
its descretion, may waive the requirement of submission of the 
score of a musical work if warranted by special circumstances, 
for example, if there is only one existing score, indispensable 
for performance. Nomination of a play, opera, or ballet, should 
be made while it is being performed. 

4. Competition for a prize will be limited, except in the case of 
the drama and music, to work done during the calendar year 
ending December 31 next preceding; consideration for the prizes 
in music and drama will be of works produced during the twelve 
months April I to March 31 inclusive. 

5. The Advisory Board shall be under no obligation to pass 
upon the merits of any book, musical score, manuscript, editorial, 
article, or other literary material unless the same shall have been 
submitted in accordance with Paragraphs 2 and 3, preceding, but 
may do so at the request of any of its members. 

6. If in any one year no book, play, or musical composition 
written for a prize offered shall be of sufficient excellence in the 
opinion of the Advisory Board, or if in any other subject of com- 
petition all the competitors shall fall below the standard of ex- 
cellence fixed by the Advisory Board, then in that case the amount 
of such prize or prizes may be withheld in such year. 

7. Nothing in this plan relating to the preliminary selection or 
nomination of candidates for the several "prizes and traveling 
scholarships shall be deemed to limit in any way the authority and 
control of the Advisory Board, who may, at their discretion, 
modify any of the provisions relating to the preliminary selection 
or nomination of candidates. 

8. Any author, composer, or journalist is eligible for considera- 
tion each year for any award, irrespective of the fact that he may 
have received a prize in any previous year. 



LITERARY PRIZES 

Prizes in Letters are made annually as follows: 

1. For a distinguished novel published during the year by an 
American author, preferably dealing with American life, $500. 

2. For the original American play, performed in New York, 
which shall represent in marked fashion the educational value and 
power of the stage, preferably dealing with American life, $500. 

3. For a distinguished book of the year upon the history of the 
United States, $500. 

4. For a distinguished American biography teaching patriotic 
and unselfish services to the people, illustrated by an eminent 
example, excluding, as too obvious, the names of George Wash- 
ington and Abraham Lincoln, $500. 

5. For a distinguished volume of verse published during the 
year by an American author, $500. 

PULITZER PRIZE-WINNING NOVELS 

1917 No award. 

1918 His Family, by Ernest Poole. (Macmillan.) 

1919 The Magnificent Amber sons, by Booth Tarkington. (Doubleday.) 

1920 No award. 

1921 The Age of Innocence, by Edith Wharton. (Appleton.) 

1922 Alice Adams, by Booth Tarkington. (Doubleday.) 

1923 One of Ours, by Willa Gather. (Knopf.) 

1924 The Able McLaughlins, by Margaret Wilson. (Harper.) 

1925 So Big, by Edna Ferber. (Doubleday.) 

1926 Arrowsmith, by Sinclair Lewis. (Harcourt.) 

1927 Early Autumn, by Louis Bromfield. (Stokes.) 

1928 The Bridge of San Luis Rey, by Thornton Wilder. (Boni.) 

1929 Scarlet Sister Mary, by Julia Peterkin. (Bobbs.) 

1930 Laughing Boy, by Oliver La Farge. (Houghton.) 

1931 Years of Grace, by Margaret Ayer Barnes, (Houghton.) 

1932 The Good Earth, by Pearl S. Buck. (John Day.) 

1933 The Store, by Thomas S. Stribling. (Doubleday.) 

1934 Lamb in His Bosom, by Caroline Miller. (Harper.) 

1935 Now in November, by Josephine W. Johnson. (Simon & Schuster.) 

1936 Honey in the Horn, by Harold L. Davis. (Harper.) 

1937 Gone with the Wind, by Margaret Mitchell. (Macmillan.) 

1938 The Late George Apley, by John P. Marquand. (Little.) 

1939 The Yearling, by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings. (Scribner.) 

1940 The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck (Viking.) 

1941 No award. 

1942 In This Our Life, by Ellen Glasgow. (Harcourt.) 

1943 Dragon's Teeth, by Upton Sinclair. (Viking.) 

1944 Journey in the Dark, by Martin Flavin. (Harper.) 

1945 A Bell for Adano, ,by John Hersey. (Knopf.) 

1946 No award. 

[28] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 
PULITZER PRIZE-WINNING DRAMAS 

1917 No award. 

1918 Why Marry f by Jesse Lynch Williams. (Scribner.) 

1919 No award, 

1920 Beyond the Horizon, by Eugene O'Neill (Random.) 

1921 Miss Lulu Beit, by Zona Gale. (Appleton.) 

1922 Anna Christie, by Eugene O'Neill. (Random.) 

1923 Icebound, by Owen Davis. (Little.) 

1024 Hell-Bent for Heaven, by Hatcher Hughes. (Harper.) 

1925 They Knew What They Wanted, by Sidney Howard. (Dotibleday.) 

1926 Craig's Wife, by George Kelly. (Little.) 

1927 In Abraham's Bosom, by Paul Green. (McBride.) 

1928 Strange Interlude, by Eugene O'Neill. (Random.) 

1929 Street Scene, by Elmer Rice. (French.) 

1930 The Green Pastures, by Marc Connelly. (Farrar & Rinehart) 

1931 Alison's House, by Susan Glaspell. (French.) 

1932 Of Thee I Sing, by George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind and Ira 
Gershwin. (Knopf.) 

1933 Both Your Houses, by Maxwell Anderson. (French.) 

1934 Men m White, by Sidney Kingsley. (Covici-Friede.) 

*935 The Old Maid, by Zoe Akins. A dramatization of the novel by 
Edith Wharton. (Appleton.) 

1936 Idiot's Delight, by Robert E. Sherwood. (Scribner.) 

1937 You Can't Take It With You, by Moss Hart and George S. Kauf- 
man. (Farrar & Rinehart) 

1938 Our Town, by Thornton Wilder. (Coward.) 

1939 Abe Lincoln in Illinois, by Robert E. Sherwood, (Scribner.) 

1940 The Time of Your Life, by William Saroyan. (Harcourt) 

1941 There Shall Be No Night, by Robert E. Sherwood. (Scribner,) 
1042 No award. 

1943 The Skin of Our Teeth, by Thorton Wilder. (Harper.) 

1944 No drama award. Special award to Oklahoma, by Richard Rodgers 
and Oscar Hammer stein 2nd. (Random.) 

1045 Harvey, by Mary Chase. 

1946 State of the Union, by Howard Lindsay and Russel Grouse. 
(Random.) 

PULITZER PRIZE- WINNING HISTORIES 

1917 With Americans of Past and Present Days, by Jean Jules Jus- 
serand. (Scribner.) 

1918 A History of the Civil War 9 by James Ford Rhodes. (Mactnillan.) 

1919 No award. 

1920 The War with Mexico, by Justin H. Smith. (Macmillan.) 

1921 The Victory at Sea, by Rear Admiral William Snowden Sims, with 
the assistance of Burton J. Hendrick. (Doubleday.) 

1922 The Founding of New England, by James Truslow Adams. (Little.) 

1923 The Supreme Court in United States History, by Charles Warren. 
(Little.) 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1924 The American Revolution: A Constitutional Interpretation, by 
Charles Howard Mcllwain. (Macmillan.) 

1925 A History of the American Frontier, 1763-1893, by Frederic Logan 
Paxson. (Houghton.) 

1926 The History of the United States, by Edward Charming. 
(Macmillan.) 

1927 Pinckney's Treaty: A Study of America's Advantage from Europe's 
Distress, by Samuel Flagg Bemis. (John Hopkins Press.) 

1928 Main Currents in American Thought, by Vernon Louis Parrington. 
(Har court.) 

1929 Organizati&n and Administration of the Union Army 1861-1865, 
by Fred Albert Shannon. (A. H. Gark.) 

1930 The War of Independence, by Claude H. Van Tyne. (Houghton.) 

1931 The Coming of the War: 1914, by Bernadotte Everly Schmitt. 
(Scribner.) 

1932 My Experiences in the World War, by General John J. Pershing. 
(Stokes.) ^ 

1933 The Significance of Sections in American History, by Frederick 
Jackson Turner. (Holt.) 

1934 The People's Choice, by Herbert Agar. (Houghton.) 

1935 The Colonial Period of American History, by Charles McLean 
Andrews. (Yale.) 

1936 The Constitutional History of the United States, by Andrew Cun- 
ningham McLaughlm. (Appleton.) 

1937 The Flowering of Neiv England, by Van Wyck Brooks. (Dutton.) 

1938 The Road to Reunion, 1863-1900, by Paul Herman Buck. (Little.) 

1939 A History of American Magazines, by Frank Luther Mott. 
(Harvard.) 

1940 Abraham Lincoln: The War Years, by Carl Sandburg. (Harcourt) 

1941 The Atlantic Migration, i6o7~i86o t by Marcus Lee Hansen. 
(Harvard.) 

1942 Reveille in Washington, by Margaret Leech. (Harper.) 

1943 Paid Revere and the World He Lived In, by Esther Forbes. 
(Houghton.) 

1944 The Growth of American Thought, by Merle Curti. (Harper.) 

1945 Unfinished Business, by Stephen Bonsai. (Doubleday.) 

1946 The Age of Jackson, by Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. (Little.) 

PULITZER PRIZE-WINNING BIOGRAPHIES 

1917 Julia Ward Howe, 1819-1910, by Laura E. Richards and Maud 

r Howe Elliott, assisted by Florence Howe Hall. (Houghton.) 
19*8 Benjamin Franklin, Self -Revealed, by William Cabell Bruce. 
(Putnam.) 

1919 The Education of Henry Adams, by Henry Adarns. (Houghton.) 

1920 The Life of John Marshall, by Albert J. Beveridge. (Houghton.) 

1921 The Americanization of Edward Bok, by Edward Bok. (Scribner.) 

1922 A Daughter of the Middle Border, by Hamlin Garland. 
(Macmillan.) 

1923 Life and Letters of Walter Hines Page, edited by Burton J. Hen- 
<lrick. (Houghton; abridged ed., Doubleday.) 

[30] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

1924 From Immigrant to Inventor, by Michael Idvorsky Pupin. 
(Scribner.) 

1925 Barrett Wendell and His Letters, by M. A. DeWolfe Howe. 
(Little.) 

1926 Life of Sir William Osier , by Harvey Gushing. (Oxford.) 

1927 Whitman, an Interpretation in Narrative, by Emory Holloway. 
(Knopf.) 

1928 The American Orchestra and Theodore Thomas, by Charles Edward 
Russell. (Doubleday.) 

1929 The Training of an American; The Earlier Life and Letters of 
Walter Hines Page, by Burton J. Hendrick. (Houghton.) 

1930 The Raven: A Biography of Sam Houston, by Marquis James. 
(Bobbs.) 

1931 Charles W. Eliot, by Henry James. (Houghton.) 

1932 Theodore Roosevelt, by Henry Pringle. (Harcourt) 

1933 Graver Cleveland, by Allan Nevins. (Dodd.) 

1934 John Hay: From Poetry to Politics, by Tyler Dennett. (Dodd.) 

1935 R. E. Lee: A Biography, by Douglas Southall Freeman. (Sribner.) 

1936 The Thought and Character of William James, by Ralph Barton 
Perry. (Little.) 

1937 Hamilton Fish: The Inner History of the Grant Administration, 
by Allan Nevins. (Dodd.) 

1938 Pedlar's Progress; The Life of Bronson Alcott, by Odell Shepard. 
(Little.) 

Andrew Jackson, by Marquis James. (Bobbs.) 

1939 Benjamin Franklin, by Carl Van Doren. (Viking.) 

1940 Woodrow Wilson, Life and Letters, Vol. VII and VIII, by Ray 
Stannard Baker. (Doubleday.) 

1941 Jonathan Edwards, by Ola Elizabeth Winslow. (Macmillan.) 

1942 Crusader in Crinoline, by Forrest Wilson. (Lippincott) 

1943 Admiral of the Ocean Sea, by Samuel Eliot Morison. (Little.) 

1944 The American Leonardo: The Life of Samuel F. B. Morse, by 
Carleton Mabee. (Knopf.) 

1945 George Bancroft: Brahmin Rebel, by Russel Blaine Nye, (Knopf.) 

1946 Son of the Wilderness, by Linnie Marsh Wolfe. (Knopf.) 

PULITZER PRIZE-WINNING POETRY 

The Pulitzer Prizes in Letters were only four in number until 
1922, when a fifth prize was added for Poetry. Before this prize 
was established, awards in poetry were made from gifts provided 
by the Poetry Society to Sara Teasdale in 1918; to Margaret 
Widdemer and Carl Sandburg in 1919. 

1922 Collected Poems, by Edwin Arlington Robinson. (Macmillan.) 

1923 The Ballad of the Harp-Weaver; A Few Figs from Thistles, by 
Edna St. Vincent Millay. (Harper.) 

1924 New Hampshire, by Robert Frost (Holt.) 

[31] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1925 The Man Who Died Twice, by Edwin Arlington Robinson, 
(Macmillan.) 

1926 Who? s O'Clock, by Amy Lowell. (Houghton.) 

1927 Fiddler's Farewell by Leonora Speyer. (Knopf.) 

1928 Tristram, by Edwin Arlington Robinson. (Macmillan.) 

1929 John Brown's Body, by Stephen Vincent Benet (Farrar & 
Rinehart) 

1930 Selected Poems, by Conrad Aiken. (Scribner.) 

1931 Collected Poems, by Robert Frost (Holt.) 

1932 The Flowering Stone, by George Dillon. (Viking.) 

1933 Conquistador, by Archibald MacLeish. (Houghton,) 

1934 Collected Verse, by Robert Hillyer. (Knopf.) 

1935 Bright Ambush, by Audrey Wurdemann. (John Day.) 

1936 Strange Holiness, by Robert P. T. Coffin. (Macmillan.) 

1937 A Further Range, by Robert Frost (Holt.) 

1938 Cold Mornmg Sky, by Marya Zaturenska. (Macmillan.) 

1939 Selected Poems, by John Gould Fletcher. (Farrar & Rinehart) 

1940 Collected Poems, by Mark Van Doren. (Holt) 

1941 Sunderland Capture, by Leonard Bacon. (Harper.) 

1942 The Dust Which Is God, by William Rose Benet. (Dodd) 

1943 A Witness Tree, by Robert Frost (Holt.) 

1944 Western Star, by Stephen Vincent Benet (Farrar & Rinehart) 

1945 V-Letter and Other Poems, by Karl Shapiro. (Reynal.) 

1946 No award. 

An Anthology of Pulitzer Prize Poems 1922-1941, (Random.) 
contains important selections from every book of poetry that won 
the Pulitzer Prize to 1941. 

Roosevelt Medal 

The Roosevelt Awards, established by the Roosevelt Memorial 
Association in 1923, are given annually in certain fields associated 
with Theodore Roosevelt's career: public and international law, 
industrial peace, science, historical literature, conservation of 
natural resources, leadership of youth, etc. 

Following is a list of recipients in the literary field who have 
received the award since 1938. Previous winners in this field can 
be found in the 1939 edition of Famous Literary Prizes and 
Their Winners. 

1939 Carl Sandburg, poet 

1942 Booth Tarkington, novelist 

Constance Lindsay Skinner Award 

This award, a bronze plaque given by the Women's National 
Book Association, was established in 1940 in honor of the late 

[32] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

Constance Lindsay Skinner, distinguished author and editor. The 
medal is presented each year to a woman in the book world, in 
recognition of outstanding work in her field. Although this is not 
specifically a literary prize, it is a book trade award and has been 
awarded to authors. 

1940 Anne Carroll Moore, librarian. 

1941 Blair Niles, author. 

1942 Irita Van Doren, editor. 

1943 Mary Graham Bonner, author. 

1944 Mildred C Smith, editor. 

1945 Lillian Smith, author. 

1946 Amy Loveman, editor. 

Southern Authors' Award 

The Southern Women's National Democratic Organization in 
New York, Inc. offers an annual award of $150 for the most 
distinguished book by a Southern author on some phase of South- 
ern life. The organization sponsors an annual luncheon, held in 
January at a New York hotel, at which time the award is made. 

In 1940 The Web ctnd the Rock received "premier recognition 
of merit" but, as the purpose of the award is to encourage living 
writers, the prize went to Mr. Basso whose book was rated by 
the judges as second In merit. 

Details concerning the award may be obtained from Mrs. Wini- 
fred Kittredge, 88 Morningside Drive, New York, N. Y. 

1938 The Old South; Struggles for Democracy, by William E. Dodd. 
(Macmillan.) 

1939 Blow for a Landing, by Ben Lucien Burman. (John Day.) 

1940 Days Before Lent, by Hamilton Basso. (Scribner.) 
The Web and the Rock, by Thomas Wolfe. (Harper.) 

1941 The River of Earth, by James Still. (Viking.) 

1942 In This Our Life, by Ellen Glasgow. (Harcourt.) 

1943 Lee's Lieutenants, by Douglas Southall Freeman. (Scribner.) 

1944 Judah P. Benjamin, Confederate Statesman, by Robert Douthat 
Meade. (Oxford.) 

1945 The Winds of Fear, by Hodding Carter. (Farrar & Rinehart) 

1946 Three O'Clock Dinner, by Josephine Pinckney. (Viking.) 

The Spingarn Medal 

This gold medal, presented annually to an American Negro for 
the highest and noblest achievement of the year was instituted 
by Joel E. Spingarn in 1914 and is awarded by the National 

[33] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

Association for the Advancement of Colored People, 20 West 
40th Street, New York 18, N. Y. After Mr. Spingarn's death in 
1939 the award was continued from a fund set up by his will. 
The medal has been awarded to outstanding Negroes in the fields 
of music, education, science, medicine, politics, literature, etc. 
The list of winners below includes only those who received the 
award for achievement in literature. 

1918 William S. Braithwaite, poet, critic, editor. 

1920 William E. B. DuRois, editor of "The Crisis." 

1925 James \VeIdon Johnson, poet 

1926 Carter Godwin Woodson, author and editor. 
1928 Charles W. Chestnutt, novelist. 

1941 Richard Wright, author. 

James Terry White Medal 

The James Terry White Medal was first offered in 1938, to be 
awarded to a member of the American Library Association for 
"notable published professional writing." The award was made 
annually at the convention of the American Library Association, 
but was discontinued in 1941. 

1938 Government of the American Public Library, by Carleton B. Joeckel. 
(Univ. of Chicago Press.) 

1939 The Geography of Reading, by Louis R. Wilson. (Univ. of Chicago 
Press and A. L. A.) 

1940 No award. 

1941 Reading With Children, by Anne T. Eaton. (Viking.) 

Writers'* Conferences 

Every year at the various summer writers' conferences, prizes 
are offered for manuscripts submitted by the attending students. 
The prizes are too numerous and too varied from year to year 
to be listed in a book of this scope. However, the importance of 
these conferences should not be overlooked. In the past few years 
the important conferences have been: Bread Loaf Writers' Con- 
ference, Middlebury, Vermont; University of New Hampshire 
Writers' Conference, Durham, New Hampshire; Midwestern 
Writers' Conference, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois ; 
Indiana University Writers' Conference ; University of Wisconsin 
Writers' Conference; Olivet Writers' Conference, Michigan; 
University of Colorado Writers' Conference, Boulder, Colorado ; 
Writers' Conference of the West, Oakland, California; Pacific 
Northwest Writers' Conference, University of Washington, 

[34] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

The seriousness and breadth of the work involved may be 
judged by the recognized merit of the teachers and lecturers em- 
ployed at the conferences. The following is but a brief list of 
important figures in American literature who have participated: 
Robert Frost, Louis Untermeyer, James T. Parrel!, Robert E. 
Sherwood, Paul Green, Robert P. Tristram Coffin, Louis Adamic, 
Carl Sandburg, Katharine Anne Porter, Sherwood Anderson. 

The prizes offered each year range in value from $25 prizes 
for a sonnet to the $250 novel awards offered by the Thomas Y. 
Crowell Company and Farrar and Rinehart at the Midwestern 
Writers' Conference. The following publications and organizations 
have, in the past few years, sponsored awards of varying amounts 
at the Writers' Conferences: American Weave; Chicago Daily 
News; Chicago Sun; Coronet Magazine; Thomas Y. Crowell 
Company ; Dodd, Mead and Company ; Doubleday - Curtis Brown ; 
Farrar and Rinehart; National Broadcasting Company; Quarrie 
Corporation; Rewrite; A. A. Wyn. 



us] 



PUBLISHERS* PRIZES 

Abingdon'Gokesbury Award 

In 1944 the Abingdon-Cokesbury Press offered a prize of $500 
for the best book by a new writer. There 'was no stipulation as 
to the character of the text except that it should be over 40,000 
words and that the writer should have in mind the fact that 
Abingdon-Cokesbury publishes religious books. 
1944 The Crisis of Faith, by Dr. Stanley R. Hopper, 

All-Nations Prise Novel Contest 

In 1936 and in 1939 this international prize novel competition 
was conducted by Farrar and Rinehart in cooperation with the 
Literary Guild and eleven publishers in as many countries. The 
prize in the first contest was $20,000; in the second, $15,000. 
In both cases the American entry received a prize of $1,000. 

1936 Street of the Fishing Cat, by Jolan Foldes, Hungarian. 

Steps Going Down, by John T. Mclntyre. American entry. 

1939 No Arms, No Armour, by Robert D. Q. Henriques, English. 
Sam, by John Selby. American entry. 

Atlantic Monthly Prizes 

NOVEL PRIZE 

This prize, inaugurated in 1927 by the Atlantic Monthly and 
Little, Brown & Company, offers a prize of $10,000. The object 
of the award is "to secure a distinctive and interesting novel and 
make it one of the outstanding books of the year." No contest 
has been held since 1942, at which time no award was made. 

The 1947 competition, which closes January 15, 1947, will 
admit, for the first time in the history of this award, manuscripts 
written in foreign languages as well as in English. There are no 
restrictions as to author or subject. Details concerning the award 
may -be obtained from the Atlantic Monthly Press, 8 Arlington 
Street, Boston 8, Mass. 

1927 Jalna, by Mazo de la Roche, 

1930 Contest held, but no prize awarded. 

1932 Peking Picnic, by Ann Bridge. 

1934 Dusk at the Grove, by Samuel Rogers. 

1936 I Am the Fox, -by Winifred Mayne Van Etten. 

1938 Contest held, but no prize awarded. 

1940 The Family, by Nina Fedorova. 
1942 Contest held, no awards made. 

[37] 



HTERARY PRIZES 

"ATLANTIC FIRST" STORY AWARD 

In 1946 the Atlantic Monthly announced an annual award for 
"Atlantic Firsts", stories by new writers, in a competition designed 
to encourage new writers. The editors of the Atlantic have reserved 
space in each issue for "Atlantic Firsts". The most promising 
story published in each six-month period (January - June ; July - 
December) will be awarded $1500 by the Atlantic, in cooperation 
with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. A second prize of $750 will be 
given. The stories submitted should be from 2,000 to 20,000 words 
in length ; neither one-act plays nor scenarios are eligible. If any 
of the winners have film possibilities, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer will 
have option to buy any of them at $5,000 each. 
January - June 1946 Waves of Darkness, by Cord Meyer, Jr. First prize. 

Night Watch, by Thomas Heggen. Second Prize. 

(Published by Houghton as Mister Roberts.) 

ATLANTIC MONTHLY LITTLE, BROWN 
NON-FICTION CONTEST 

Beginning in 1929 this contest was held every two years with 
a prize of $5,000. In 1943 a Victory Contest replaced this award, 
but no prize was given. After 1943 the contest was discontinued. 

1929 Grandmother Brown's Hundred Years, by Harriet Connor Brown, 

1931 Forty-Niners, by Archer Butler Hulbert. 

1933 Poor Splendid Wings; The Rossettis and Their Circle, by Frances 

Winwar. 

1935 Old Jules, by Mari Sandoz. 

1937 Contest omitted because of Little, Brown Centenary Contest. 

1939 The Land Below the Wind, by Agnes Keith. 

1941 Tomorrow Will Come, by E. M. Almedingen. 

1943 No award, 

A. S. Barnes Servicemen's Poetry Contest 

In 1943 A. S. Barnes and Company sponsored a poetry contest 
for members of the armed forces. The awards ranged from $250 
to $5. The one hundred and twenty-five winning poems were 
published in book form under the title Reveille. 

I0 43 John Ackerson first prize. 

Harold Applebaum second prize. 
Charles E. Butler third prize. 
Arthur Gordon fourth prize. 
Neal A. Harper fifth prize. 

[38] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

Bruce Publishing Company Prizes 

BRUCE EXTENSIO AT NOVEL PRIZE 

In 1943 the Bruce Publishing Company of Milwaukee, in coop- 
eration with Extension Magazine of Chicago sponsored a $500 
prize novel competition. The contest was open to citizens of the 
United States and residents of Canada who were over twenty 
years ,of age for a novel "of high literary quality, and handled 
in the light of Catholic understanding and teaching." 
1944 The Scarlet Lily, by Edward F. Murphy. 

BRUCE FELLOWSHIPS 

The Bruce Publishing Company has established four annual 
author fellowships, one in biography and three in fiction. These 
fellowships are open to any Catholic lay person and are offered 
"in an effort to meet more adequately the need for good novels 
and biographies among a growing number of Catholic readers, 
and to encourage potential lay Catholic authors to write." Each 
fellowship pays the holder $1,200, payable in twelve monthly in- 
stallments. Complete rules of the offer may be obtained from 
The Bruce Publishing Company, 540 North Michigan Street, 
Milwaukee I, Wisconsin. 
1946 The Flight of the Swan, by Margaret Ann Hubbard. Fiction. 

Carey-Thomas Award 

The Carey-Thomas Award was established in 1942 by The 
Publishers? Weekly, the American book trade journal, as a means 
of honoring publishing firms for carefully planned enterprises 
not credit for editorial judgment alone, or production and promo- 
tion alone, but for all the elements that make for good publishing: 
the creative idea, cooperation with the author, careful production 
and imagination, and successful marketing. "The conception of 
just what constitutes good publishing can be studied only from 
examples/' state the donors, "and if over the years competent 
judges point out where excellence lies, the accumulating record 
will help visualize what good publishing is and will encourage 
more enterprises of equal standard/' 

A jury composed of two critics, a bookseller, an author and a 
librarian is appointed annually by The Publishers' Weekly and 
its decision is announced in January to cover publication of the 
preceding year. The award, which takes the form of a printed 

[39] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

certificate, bears the names of two early American publishers 
who had the special qualities which must be brought together if 
the best of publishing is to be achieved Mathew Carey of Phila- 
delphia and Isaiah Thomas of Worcester. 

1943 Farrar & Rinehart for The Rivers of America Series. 

1944 University of Chicago Press for A Dictionary of American English 
on Historical Principles. 

1945 E, P. Dutton & Company for The World of Washington Irving, 
by Van Wyck Brooks. 

1946 Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. for The American Language, by H. L. 
Mencken. 

Thomas Y. Crowell Fiction Fellowships 

The Thomas Y. Crowell Company, in cooperation with the 
University of Kansas City Review, the Prairie Schooner, and the 
School of Letters of University of Iowa, sponsored a series of 
six Fiction Fellowships of $500 each. The competition, judged 
on the basfe of four chapters and outline of a proposed novel, 
was open to authors whose work had appeared in either of the 
magazines and to past, present. and future members of the School 
of Letters. 

1046 The Color of Blood, by Ralph Rtindell. 

Cut Down Out of Time, by Ruth Schellin. 

Dial Press Awards 

TEACHERS' AWARD 

In 1939 the Dial Press offered a prize of $1,000 for the best 
original novel with a scholastic background in which the pro- 
tagonist is a public school teacher. The contest was open only to 
persons teaching in the public school system. 

1940 Miss Munday, by Sophia Engstrand. 

NOVEL CONTEST 

The Dial Press Novel Contest of 1942 was open to writers 
under thirty-five years of age who had not had a novel published. 
The prize of $1,000 was offered for "an outstanding novel of 
high literary quality that concerned itself realistically with the 
problems of adjustment facing the young men and women of 
America today/' 

The Gates of Aulis, by Gladys Schmitt. 
[40] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 
NOVELETTE CONTEST 

In 1944 the Dial Press, in cooperation with the Partisan Rewew, 
sponsored a novelette contest. The winning entries were published 
in the Partisan Review. The first prize was $500, the second $250, 
Two third prizes of $100 each were given. 

1945 The Colony, by Isaac Rosenfeld. First prize. 

The Home Front, by Jean Stafford. Second prize. 
The Red-Headed Girl, by Barbara Gibbs. Third prize, 
The Scoutmaster, by Peter Taylor. Third prize. 

Dodd, Mead and Company Awards 

NON-FICTION FELLOWSHIPS 

An award o $1,500 was offered by Dodd, Mead to graduate 
students in American and Canadian colleges and universities for 
an outstanding piece of non-fiction. A $2,000 prize was offered 
to members of the regular teaching staff, research associates or 
professors emeriti in American and Canadian universities. This 
award was also open to college teachers on sabbatical leave or 
leave for special research. The contest closed October i t 1946. 
Complete details may be obtained from Dodd, Mead and Com- 
pany, 432 Fourth Ave., New York 16, N. Y. 

DODD, UEAD-REDBOOK NOVEL AWARD 

Dodd, Mead Publishing' Company, in conjunction with Redback 
magazine offers $10,000 for a winning novel. The competition is 
open to any American or Canadian author who has not published 
more than two novels in book form or serially. The 1946 com- 
petition closed August i, 1946. Information can be obtained from 
Redbook Magazine, 230 Park Avenue, New York 17, N. Y. 

1925 Wild Geese, by Martha Ostenso. (In cooperation with Pictorial 

Review & Famous Players-Lasky Corp.) 
1927 Rebellion, by Mateel Howe Farnham. (In cooperation with Pictorial 

Review & First National Pictures.) 

1933 Candy, by L. M. Alexander. (In cooperation with Pictorial Review.) 
1935 The Old Ashburn Place, by Margaret Flint. (In cooperation with 

Pictorial Review.) 
1937 Young Doctor Galahad, by Elizabeth Seifert. (In cooperation with 

Redbook.) 

1940 Hildreth, by Harlow Estes. 
1942 Turning Leaves, by Ellen Proctor. 
1944 They Dare Not Go A'Hunting, by Dorothea Cornwell. 

[41] 



LITERARY PRIZES 
RED BADGE CONTEST 

A prize of $1,000 plus royalties is offered for the best mystery 
detective novel by an American or Canadian author. In 1941 the 
contest, which had been held annually, was changed to a semi- 
annual competition. 

1936 The Affair of the Scarlet Crab, by Clifford Knight. 

1937 Fast Company, by Marco Page. 

1938 Cancelled in Red, by Hugh Pentecost. 

1939 A Matter of lodme, by David Keith. 

1941 Spring. Lady in Lilac, by Susannah Shane.. 

Fall Murder A La Mode, by Eleanore Kelly Sellars. 

1942 Spring. Heads You Lose, by Christianna Brand. 

Fall. The Snake in the Grass, by James Howard Wellard. 

1943 Spring. Too Many Bones, by Ruth Sawtell Wallis. 
Fall. No award. 

1944 Spring. The Man with the Lumpy Nose, by Lawrence Larier. 
Fall. No award. 

1945 Spring. Appointment in Manila, by Elinor Chamberlain. 
Fall. Hangman's Hill, by Franklyn Pell. 

1946 Spring. This Deadly Dark, by Lee Wilson. 

INTERCOLLEGIATE LITERARY FELLOWSHIP 

The Dodd, Mead Intercollegiate Fellowship has been established 
for men and women students In American colleges and universi- 
ties who wish to become professional authors. The amount of the 
fellowship is $1,200, given annually. It includes students in both 
the United States and Canada. Terms of the award may be ob- 
tained from Dodd. Mead and Company, 432 Fourth Avenue, 
New York 16, N. Y. 

1941 Seventeenth Summer, by Maureen Daly, Rosary College, Illinois. 

1942 Hedge Against the Sun, by Barbara Bentley, Pomona College, 
California. 

1943 The Narrowing Wind, by Catherine Lawrence, Wellesley College, 
Massachusetts. 

1944 The Heart and the Shuttle, by Mary Vardoulakis, Wellesley College, 
Massachusetts. 

1945 City in the Sun, by Karon Kehoe, Hunter College, New York. 
The Unreasoning Heart, by Constance Beresford-Howe, McGill 
University, Montreal. 

1946 Field o Old Bhod f by Hilda Osterhout, Va?sar College, New York. 

[42] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 
Doubleday and Company Prises 

DOUBLEDAY PRIZE NOVEL AWARD 

An award of $20,000, of which $10,000 is a cash award and 
$10,000 an advance against royalties, was announced in 1944 by 
Doubleday and Company. The competition, not limited to first 
novels is open to new or established writers of any nationality. 
There are no restrictions as to theme, but the book must be 
written in English. The award is given to the novel which best 
combines literary distinction and popular appeal. The publishers 
reserve the right to withhold the award if no manuscript of suffi- 
cient merit is received. 

1945 Before the Sun Goes Down, by Elizabeth Metzger Howard, 

1946 Black Fountains, by Oswald Wynd. 

THE GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER MEMORIAL AWARD 

The George Washington Carver Award, first announced in 
December of 1943, is offered by Doubleday and Company for 
"any work of fiction, non-fiction or poetry which seems to the 
judges (the editors of Doubleday and Company) to make an 
effective contribution to the Negro's place in American life." The 
prize is $2,500 ($1,500 outright and $1,000 as an advance against 
royalties) and will remain open indefinitely at the discretion of 
the publishers. 
1945 Mrs. Palmer's Honey, by Fannie Cook. 

DOU'BLEDA'Y-KENYON REVIEW SHORT STORY CONTEST 

The short story competition sponsored by Doubleday and Com- 
pany in cooperation with the Kenyan Review offers a first prize 
of $500 and a second prize of $250 for a short story by an author 
who has never published a book of fiction. Inquiries concerning 
the competition should be addressed to the Kenyan Review, 
Gambier, Ohio. 

In 1946 the prize money was divided equally into two first prizes 
of $375 each. 

1944 The Snowfall, by Jean Garrique. First Prize. 

A Piece of Bread, by Frances Gray Patton. Second Prize. 

1945 The Imaginary Jew, by John Berryman. First Prize. 
The Bell, by Mona Van Duym. Second Prize. 

1946 You Can Wreck It, by Walter Elder. 

You Never Go Back to Sleep, by Arthur Mizener. 

[43] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

DOUBLEDAY TWENTIETH CENTURY-FOX 

NEW WRITERS CONTEST 

This competition, which ran from October I, 1944 to Febru- 
ary I, 1945, was designed to encourage those who had neither 
the time nor the money to complete novels on which they had 
begun work. The total prize amounted to $4,000. 

1945 But We Had Fun, by Charles Andrews Fenton. 

E. P. Dutton and Company Prises 

THE THOMAS JEFFERSON SOUTHERN AWARD 

An annual literary award of $2,500, known as the Thomas 
Jefferson Southern Award, is offered by E. P. Dutton and Com- 
pany for the best book manuscript submitted by a Southern 
author. The winner receives with the award, $1,500 of which is 
an advance against royalties, the Thomas Jefferson Gold Medal. 
The contest is open to authors born in the South, regardless of 
present residence, and to those who have lived in the South for 
at least five years, regardless of place of birth. The offer is open 
to new and established writers and includes fiction and non-fiction. 
The setting and subject-matter need not be Southern. Inquiries 
concerning the contest should be sent to The Thomas Jefferson 
Southern Award Contest, E. P. Dutton and Company, Inc., 
300 Fourth Avenue, New York 10. 

1942 Mr. George's Joint, by Elizabeth Lee Wheaton. 

Special Silver Medal given to Eloise Liddon for Some Lose Their 
Way. 

1943 No award given. 

1944 Taps for Private Tussie, -by Jesse Stuart 

1945 Rooster Crows for Day, by Ben Lucien Burman. 

THE LEWIS AND CLARK NORTHWEST CONTEST 

E. P. Dutton and Company offers annually a cash award of 
$2,500 against royalties for the best book manuscript submitted 
by an author from Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana or 
Alaska. $1,250 of the award will be paid on acceptance, and 
$1,250 on publication. The competition is open to all persons born 
in this area regardless of present residence, to persons who have 
lived there for at least five years, regardless of place of birth, 
ami to any present student or graduate of a recognized college 

[44] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

or university in the Northwest. It is also open to anyone who tas 
completed a recognized course in English Literature or Creative 
Writing in this region, regardless of place of birth or residence. 
In 1946 the prize was increased to $3,000. 
No award has been made in this competition since 1943. 

1943 The Glittering Hill, by Clyde F. Murphy. 

BUTTON SPORTS STORY AWARD 

A prize of $500 is offered by E. P. Button & Co. for the best 
sports story of the year and a $100 award is offered for the best 
sports photograph. Sports editors of newspapers and magazines 
are invited to compete in the contest which covers feature articles, 
human interest items, and straight sports coverage stories. This 
contest is an annual event and an anthology, The Fifty Best 
Sports Stones of 19 , is published each year. Details may be 
secured from E. P. Dutton & Co., 300 Fourth Ave., New York 
10, N. Y. 

1944 Story : Al Laney, New York Herald Tribune. 

1945 Story award split three ways. 
Jerry Nason, Boston Globe. 

Jimmy Powers, New York Daily News. 

Carol Hughes, Coronet 

Photograph: Carmen Reporto, Chicago Sun. 

Mary Roberts Rinehart Mystery Prise Contest 

In 1939, in celebration of the thirtieth anniversary of Mary 
Roberts Rineharfs first mystery story, Farrar and Rinehart 
offered an award of $1,000 for the best mystery novel submitted. 
It was open to writers who had never before had a mystery story 
published in book form. In 1942 the contest was conducted in 
cooperation with Collier's Weekly and offered a prize of $2,000. 
The competition has been discontinued. 

1940 / Wanted to Murder, by 'Clarissa Fairchild Cushman. 

1941 Justice be Damned, by A. R. Halliard. 

1942 The Rat Began to Gnaw the Rope, by C W. Grafton. 

Frederick Fell Prise Novel Contest 

The Frederick Fell Prize Novel Contest offers $3,000 as an 
immediate advance against royalties and guarantees a minimum 
$10,000 advertising campaign. The competition places no restric- 
tions on setting or theme and is not limited to first novels. Details 

[45] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

may be obtained from Frederick Fell, Inc., 386 Fourth Ave., 
New York 16, N. Y. 

1944 Winds, Blow Gently, by Ronald Kirkbride. 

1945 No award. 

Harper and Brothers Prices 

HARPER PRIZE NOVEL CONTEST 

The Harper Prize Novel Competitions have been conducted in 
the uneven numbered years since 1923. The competition is de- 
signed to give recognition to a work of outstanding merit in the 
field of fiction. In 1939 a prize of $7,500 was offered for the best 
novel submitted by an American author who had not published 
a novel before January I, 1924. In 1941 the amount of the award 
was increased to $10,000. Of this, $2,000 is an outright prize. 
In 1945 the rules of the contest were amended so as not to exclude 
authors of previously published work. 

1923 The Able McLaughlins, by Margaret Wilson. 

1925 The Perennial Bachelor, by Anne Parrish. 

1927 The Grandmothers, by Glenway Westcott 

1929 The Dark Journey, by Julian Green. 

1931 Brother in the West, by Robert Raynolds. 

1933 The Fault of Angels, by Paul Horgan. 

1935 Honey in the Horn, by H. L. Davis. 

1937 The Seven Who Fled f by Frederic Prokosch. 

1939 Children of God, by Vardis Fisher 

1941 Marriage Is a Private Affair, by Judith Kelly. 

1943 Journey in the Dark, by Martin Flavin. 

1945 Wasteland, by Jo Sinclair. 

HARPER'S I25th ANNIVERSARY NON-FICTION AWARD 

In 1942 Harper and Brothers offered a prize of $12,500 to any 
author, new or unknown, regardless of age or nationality, for a 
work of non-fiction. The contest was part of the celebration of 
the I25th anniversary of the founding of Harper and Brothers. 
The award was divided between two books. 
1943 Memories of Happy Days, by Julian Green 

/ Came Out of the Eighteenth Century f by John Andrew Rice. 

EUGENE SAXTON MEMORIAL FELLOWSHIPS 

The Eugene F. Saxton Memorial Trust has been established 
by Harper and Brothers in memory of the late Eugene F. Saxton, 
for many years head editor of Harper, The purpose of the 

[46] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

memorial trust, which was founded in 1944, is to offer fellow- 
ships with substantial grants of money to creative writers, espe- 
cially new ones who lack publishing connections and financial 
means. Authors who receive these fellowships will be free to 
arrange for publication of their books with any publishing house 
they may choose. The fellowships have no fixed value, and may 
be contributed to from time to time. The entire administration 
of the funds and other matters concerning the fellowship are in 
the hands of a board of three trustees : Martha P. Saxton, widow 
of Eugene F. Saxton; Amy Loveman, associate editor of the 
Saturday Review of Literature and head of the editorial depart- 
ment of the Book-of-the-Month Club; and Edward C. Aswell, 
editor of general publications for Harper. 

The general rule, except for unusual circumstances, is that the 
fellowship in each case will not exceed $2,500 in any one year, 
and this amount will be an outright grant and in no part return- 
able. All applications will be considered as soon as possible and 
may be filed at any time. These may be secured from the Eugene 
F. Saxton Memorial Trust, Harper and Brothers, 49 East 33rd 
Street, New York 16, N. Y. 

1945 Richard Plant. 

1946 James A. Baldwin; Celia Chao; Charles H. Miller. 

Houghton Mifflin Prises 

LIFE IN AMERICA AWARDS 

Houghton Mifflin offers a prize of $2,500 for manuscripts to 
be published in a series of books called Life in America. "A prize- 
winning manuscript may be the life story of a man or woman of 
any profession, business or occupation. It may 'be written in the 
first person by the subject of the book, it may be the biography 
of someone of this or an earlier generation, or it may deal with 
some important aspect of America as expressed in the lives of its 
people. The only qualification is that it shall definitely contribute 
to the understanding of our country by presenting a true and 
vivid account of life in America." 

Writers intending to submit manuscripts may send in an appli- 
cation blank signifying their intention. Further details may be 
obtained from the Life in America Editor, Houghton Miffiin 
Company, 2 Park Street, Boston 7, Massachusetts. 
1941 No Life for a Lady, by Agnes Morley Cleaveland. 

The Road of a Naturalist, by Donald Culross Peattie. 

[47] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

2942 Small Town South, by Sam Byrd. 

Safe Deliverance, by Dr. Frederick C. Irving, 

1943 New World A-Commg, by Roi Ottley. 

When Johnny Comes Marching Home, by Dixon Wecter. 

1944 No awards made. 

1945 No Time for Tears, by Lora Wood Hughes. 

1946 First Flowers of Our Wilderness, by James Thomas Flexner. 
The Wallaces of Iowa, by Russell Lord. 

HOUGHTON MIFFLIN LITERARY FELLOWSHIPS 

In the hope of encouraging writers of promise and of helping 
them to secure the financial independence essential to their de- 
velopment, the Houghton Mifflin Company offers two literary 
fellowships. These Fellowships, which may be given for any type 
of literature, are intended for men and women of creative ability 
and of high intellectual and personal qualifications. The Fellow- 
ships were originally $1,000; were later increased to $1,500 and, 
in 1944, to $2,400, in addition to subsequent royalties. In special 
cases a Fellowship may be extended for a second year. 

The candidates must submit samples of past work, published or 
unpublished, as well as definite plans for their projects and the 
names of three responsible persons who can vouch for their char- 
acter and qualifications. 

In 1944, in commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the 
Fellowship Awards, a special Poetry Prize Fellowship of $1,000 
was offered. 

1935 Green Margins, by E. P. O'Doniiell, 
Spanish Prelude, by Jenny Ballou. 

1936 Night Rider, by Robert Penn Warren. 
Point Noir, Clelie Huggins. 

1937 Old Haven, by David Cornel Dejong. 
Young Man With a Horn, by Dorothy Baker. 

1938 The Giant Joshua, by Maurine Whipple. 
Second fellowship not awarded. 

*939 Quincie Bolliver, by Mary King. 

A Man Named Grant, by Helen Todd. 

1940 Cone of Silence, by A. Fleming McLiesh. 
Old Bullion, by Mary Benton. 

1941 No Fellowships awarded. 

1942 Dwight Craig: A Success Story, by Donald MacRae. 

1943 No Fellowships awarded. 

1944 Day of Vision, by Edward Kimbrotigh. 
Looking for a Bluebird, by Joseph Wechsberg. 

Special Poetry Award to North and South, by Elizabeth Bishop. 

[48] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

1945 The Street, by Ann Petry. 

Beatrice Griffith (Title not yet announced.) 

1946 The House of Jacob, by Jacquiline Margoiiask 
Common Sense About Japan, by Helen Hears. 

The John Day Foreign Service Prise 

In honor of the twentieth anniversary of the American Foreign 
Service, John Day Co., Inc. announced in December 1944 a 
Foreign Service Book Contest. The competition was open only to 
members of the American Foreign Service consuls, ministers 
and other civilian diplomatic personnel under the supervision of 
the State Department, or to the wife or husband of any of the 
foregoing. The award was $1,000, an outright prize of $500, the 
remainder to apply against took royalties. The contest, which 
closed on September 30, 1946, was open to fiction or non-fiction, 
on any subject of interest to the general reader. Other details 
may be obtained from the John Day Co., Inc., 40 East 49th Street, 
New York 17, N. Y. 

The Alfred A. Knopf Literary Fellowships 

To celebrate its twenty-fifth anniversary in 1939, Alfred A. 
Knopf, Inc., offered three annual awards of $1,200 for the pur- 
pose of assisting talented writers in completing planned, unfinished 
books. 

The sums received under each fellowship are advances against 
royalties to be earned by the book and are payable in monthly 
installments. In all cases, American topics or themes are preferred. 

In 1946 the fellowship program was revised to provide for four 
awards in three fields of literary achievement: (r) American his- 
tory or biography; (2) Physical or biological science; (3) Fiction. 
Two awards are available in the first category one of $5,000 
and one of $2,500. The awards for science and fiction are $2,500 
each. 

Further details may be obtained from Alfred A. Knopf., Inc., 
501 Madison Ave., New York 22, N. Y. 

1940 Biography: Commodore Vanderbilt: An Epic of the Steam Age t by 

Dr. Wheaton J. Lane. 

Fiction : Days Are As Grass, by Wallace Kelly. 
History: Airways: The History of Commercial Aviation in the 
United States, by Henry Ladd Smith. 

[49] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1941 Fiction: Reunion at Strawberry Hill, by Berenice Du Rae 

Thorpe. 

History: A History of American Political Parties, by Wilfred 
Binkiey. 

1942 Biography: George Bancroft: Brahmin Rebel, by Russell Blame 

Nye. 

Fiction: Bright Is the Morning, by Robert Faucett Gibbons. 
History: Prairie City, by Dr. Angle Deboe. 

1943 Biography: No Man Knows My History, by Fawn McKay Brodie. 
History: History of the Modern American Navy, by Donald W. 

Mitchell. 

1944 Biography: The Yankee Spirit, by Stearns Morse. 

History: A Hfatwy of Country Life in America, by Edward 
Townsend Booth, 

1945 Biography: No award. 
Fiction: No award: 

History: Men and Ideas in American Politics, by Dr. Richard 

Hofstadter. 

The Old Northwest, 1815-1840, by Dr. R. Carlyle Buley. 

(Divided award.) 
Science: No award. 

McGraw-Hill Nursing Award 

In 1945 the McGraw-Hill Book Company announced a contest 
for three outstanding manuscripts on nursing subjects. First prize, 
$1,000 ; second, $400 ; third, $100. The contest was open to any 
nurse in any country and to persons in other professional fields 
for a manuscript written in the English language concerning some 
aspect of nursing. The contest closed September 20, 1946. Com- 
plete details may be secured from John S. Crossman, manager 
and editor of the Health Education Department of the McGraw- 
Hill Book Company, 330 West 42nd Street, New York 18, N. Y. 

The Macmillan Centenary Awards for the Armed Forces 

In 1943 the Macmillan Company in England, Canada and the 
United States celebrated its centenary by offering a number of 
literary awards available to men and women under thirty-five 
years of age, serving in any branch of the armed forces of the 
United Nations. The principal awards consisted of $2,500 for 
the best novel, $2,500 for the best work of non-fiction, and smaller 
awards totalling $5,000 for other manuscripts. Prizes of similar 
value were offered in England. 

[50] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

1945 Fiction : Not in Our Stars t by Josiah E, Greene. American winner. 
Desert Episode, by George C Greenfield. British winner. 
Non-fiction: Democracy Needs the Negro, by Spencer Logan. 
American winner. 
Lower Deck, by John Davies, British winner. 

The Julian Messner Award 

In 1945 Julian Messner, Inc., offered a total prize of $6,500, 
including royalties, for the best book combatting racial or reli- 
gious intolerance in America. The prize was offered for an un- 
published novel, biography, history, play, poem, essay, pictorial 
presentation, or scientific work effectively combatting growing 
prejudices in America. 

The contest closed August 15, 1946 and the winning manu- 
script will be published in the spring of 1947 by Julian Messner, 
Inc., 8 West 40th Street, New York 18, N. Y. 

Norton Medical Award 

An annual prize of $3,500 is offered by W. W. Norton and 
Company to encourage the writing of books on medicine and the 
medical profession for the layman. The competition is open to 
professional workers in the field of medicine or to writers col- 
laborating with professional workers. The subject matter may be 
autobiography, biography, history, or exposition of medical 
science, research or theory. The manuscript must be written for 
the layman. Of the $3,500 award, $1,000 is an outright grant, 
the remainder is an advance against royalties. Details of the con- 
test may be obtained from W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 
70 Fifth Ave., New York n, N. Y. 

1945 The Doctors Job, by Dr. Carl Binger. 

1946 Doctors East, Doctors West, by Edward H. Hume. 

Parents Magazine Medal 

The Parent^ Magazine Medal is awarded annually to the 
author of the year's most outstanding book for parents. The win- 
ning book is selected by a committee of distinguished authorities 
in the field of parent education. 

1927 The Problem of Childhood, by Angelo Patri. (Appleton-Century.) 

1928 Everyday Problems of the Everyday Child, by Douglas A. Thorn. 
( Appleton-Century. ) 

1929 Infancy and Human Growth, by Arnold Gesell. (Macmillan.) 

[51] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1930 Parents and the Preschool Child, by William E. Blatz and Helen 
Bott. (Morrow.) 

1931 The Management of Young Children , by William E. Blatz and 
Helen Bott (Morrow.) 

1932 Home Guidance for Young Children, by Grace Langdoti. (John 

Day.) 

1933 Our Children, by Sidonie Matsner Gruenberg and Dorothy Canfield 

Fisher. (Viking.) 

1934 Motion Pictures and Youth, by the Payne Fund and the Motion 
Picture Research Council. (Macmillan.) 

1935 New Patterns in Sex Teaching, by Frances Bruce Strain. (Appleton- 
Century.) 

1936 Parents Look at Modern Education, by Winifred E, Bain. (Apple- 
ton- Century.) 

1937 Family Behavior, by Bess V. Cunningham. (Saunders.) 

1938 The Nursery Years, by Susan Isaacs. (Vanguard.) 

1939 We, The Parents, by Sidonie M. Gruenberg. (Harper.) 

1940 Children in the Family, by Florence Powdermaker and Louise 
Ireland Grimes. (Farrar & Rinehart) 

Your Child's Development and Guidance, by Lois Hayden Meek. 
(Lippincott.) 

1941 The Parents' Manual, by Anna W. M. Wolf. (Simon & Schuster.) 

1942 Our Children Face War, by Anna W. M. Wolf. (Houghton MifHin.) 
You, Your Children and the War, by Dorothy W. Baruch. 
( Appleton-Century. ) 

1943 Our Young Folks, by Dorothy Canfield Fisher. (Harcourt, Brace.) 
Infant and Child in the Culture of Today, by Arnold Gesell and 
Frances L. Ilg. (Harper.) 

1944 Soldier to Civilian, by Dr. George K. Pratt. (Whittlesey House.) 

1945 No award. 

Prentice-Hall and Sewanee Review Contest 

Prentice-Hall and The Sewanee Review sponsored, in 1945, a 
$1,500 literary prize contest in memory of John Peale Bishop. 
Awards were made for the best essay, the best poem and the best 
piece of short fiction. The poetry and fiction divisions of the con- 
test were open to Southern authors only. The essay division was 
open to any American citizen, but only essays dealing with South- 
ern topics were eligible for consideration. The awards were : $200 
for the winning essay; $200 for the winning piece of short fiction; 
$100 for the best poem. The sum of $1,000 was set aside as an 
advance against royalties and was divided equally among the 
winners. 

Essay: William Faulkner's Legend of the South, by Malcolm Cowley. 
Short Story: The Guide, by Andrew Lytle. 
Poem : Marchen, by Randall Jarrell. 

[52] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 
Reynal and Hitchcock Prises 

REYNAL AND HITCHCOCK NON-FICTION PRIZE 
In 1940 Reynal and Hitchcock offered a prize of $2,500 for 
a book-length manuscript by a member of an American college 
or university staff. The award was offered for a book written for 
the general reader, not a textbook or professional book "a really 
original and distinguished piece of work covering a field of serious 
interest." 

1941 The Destiny of Western Man, by W. T, Stace, (Reynal & 
Hitchcock.) 

"YOUTH TODAY" CONTEST 

The new children's book department of Reynal and Hitchcock, 
Inc., sponsored a $3,500 "Youth Today" contest in 1945. The 
competition accepted manuscripts from new or established authors 
dealing in a sensitive, realistic manner with "some aspect of con- 
temporary American life and youth problems, either fiction, or 
non-fiction." The award was offered for "a story intimately re- 
lated to our modern world, of interest to young readers, and 
vitalized by the author's genuine concern with an important prob- 
lem of young people today/* Reynal and Hitchcock, Inc., offered 
the prize to "stimulate the writing of books that add to the under- 
standing, sympathy and wisdom with which young people look at 
the age in which we live/' 
1946 Willow Hill, by Phyllis Whitney. 

Rinehart and Company Scholarships 

In 1945 Farrar and Rinehart awarded two scholarships designed 
to enable young writers to devote full time to study and writing 
under skilled supervision. The scholarships, which provided an 
outright prize of $1,000 each, were given in honor of Du Bose 
Heyward and Stephen Vincent Benet. The scholarship program 
was taken over by Rinehart and Company in 1946. 
1945 Narrow the Heart, by Margaret Anne Morgan. 
The Changeling, by Roy Flynn. 

Saturday Review of Literature Special Award 

The editors of the Saturday Review of Literature have, from 
time to time, conferred a special Award for Distinguished Service 
to American Literature. The award consists of a plaque bearing 

[S3] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

an inscription and a hand-carved depiction of a rooster, the mast- 
head design of the Saturday Review of Literature. The award is 
made only when, in the opinion of the editors, someone or some- 
thing really contributes to the development of the culture of 
America. 

1940 "Information Please", radio program. 

1941 Ellen Glasgow, novelist 

1944 Yank, the Army Weekly. 

1945 The Council on Books in Wartime for its Armed Services Editions. 
Duplicate award to Philip Van Doren Stern, manager of the 
Armed Services Editions. 

1946 Irving Berlin for This is the Army. 

Scribner Prise in American History 

In commemoration of the zooth anniversary of the firm,, 
Charles Scribner's Sons offered a prize of $10,000 for a manu- 
script of major importance in the field of American history. 
Of the $10,000 prize, $S,ooo was an outright prize, and $5,000 
an advance on account of royalties. The competition was held 
under the auspices of The Society of American Historians, which 
selected the judges. In considering the manuscripts, the judges 
looked for the obvious qualities of literary and historical merit, 
but also for its interest to the general reader. The purpose of 
the prize, in the words of the sponsor, was "to make history- 
readable." The contest closed February I, 1946 and the winner 
was announced on November 7, 1946. 

1046 Ordeal of the Union, by Allan Nevm's. 

Simon and Schuster Fellowship Fund 

In 1945 the editors of Simon and Schuster set aside a fund of 
$50,000 for the purpose of aiding young novelists. Any writer 
under thirty-eight is eligible, providing he has no previous com- 
mitment for novels to another publisher and providing he submits 
material of talent arid promise to the editors. The sums paid to 
individuals vary and are dependent upon the circumstances under 
which the books are being written. There is no limit to the number 
of applicants in any one year, and no blanket formula is to be 
used in judging. The plan of assistance will be worked out on 
the basis of material and information supplied by the candidates. 
Simon and Schuster reserves the right to decide whether or not 

[54] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

the completed book will be published. 

The fund will be kept revolving with the aid of profits accruing 
to Simon and Schuster from the books published. The plan will 
be given a three years' trial, then reviewed; if it is found suc- 
cessful, it will be continued, 

1945 Aurora Dawn, by Herman Wouk. 
Time Is My Enemy, by Marian Minus. 
The Phantom Year, by Jane Albrecht 
The House in the Barrel, by Eli Waldron. 

1946 When the Treetops Sing, by Genevieve Lowry, 

Westminster Annual Award For Fiction 

In 1945 the Westminster Press announced an annual prize for 
fiction, with a $5,000 award for the best novel emphasizing the 
influence of Christian faith in contemporary life or history. No 
restriction is placed upon setting, situation, or characters; every 
manuscript submitted will be judged solely on the basis of literary 
merit. Because no award was made in 1946, the prize in 1947 
will amount to $8,000. Full information is available upon request 
to the Westminster Annual Award, 952 Witherspoon Building, 
Philadelphia 7, Pennsylvania. 

1946 No award. 

Whittlesey House Fifteenth Anniversary 
Fellowship Awards 

In celebration of their fifteenth anniversary, Whittlesey House, 
a division of the McGraw-Hill Book Company, and Science Illus- 
trated established in 1945 a program of fellowship awards In 
science to encourage competent authors to write on scientific 
subjects for the layman. In addition to the first prize of $10,000, 
$1,000 was offered to the author of each project accepted for 
publication, in order to enable the author to complete his project 
and to do research otherwise impossible. Information concerning 
the competition, which closed November i, 1946, may be obtained 
from Whittlesey House, 330 West 42nd Street, New York 18, 
N. Y. 



[55] 



JUVENILE PRIZES 
The Caldecott Medal 

The Caldecott Medal, first awarded in 1938, is presented annu- 
ally by the same committee awarding the John Newbery Medal. 
The donor is Frederic G, Melcher, editor of Publisher/ Weekly* 
The winning book must be first published in America, but the 
artist need not be an American citizen. This was the first award 
given in recognition of the illustrator of a book 

The award was named for Randolph Caldecott, the famous 
English illustrator, who died in St. Augustine in 1886. He, to- 
gether with Kate Greenaway and Walter Crane, began a new 
era of picture books for children. On the face of the medal is a 
reproduction of Caldecott's original illustration of John Gilpin 
on his famous ride. The reverse side carries an illustration of 
"four and twenty blackbirds baked in a pie". Around the central 
engraving is the inscription, "For the most distinguished Ameri- 
can Picture Book for Children", with space for the name of the 
recipient and the date. The sculptor was Rene Chambellan, who 
designed the Newbery Medal. 

1938 Animals of the Bible, illustrated by Dorothy Lathrop. Text selected 
by Helen Dean Fish from the King James Bible. (Stokes.) 

1939 Mei Li, written and illustrated by Thomas Handforth. (Doubleday.) 

1940 Abraham Lincoln, written and illustrated by Ingri and Edgar 
d'Aulaire. (Doubleday.) 

1941 They Were Strong and Good, written and illustrated by Robert 
Lawson. (Doubleday.) 

1942 Make Way for Ducklings, written and illustrated by Robert 
McCloskey. (Viking.) 

1943 The Little House, written and illustrated by Virginia Lee Burton. 
(Houghton.) . . 

1944 Many Moons, illustrated by Louis Slobodkin, written by James 
Thurber. (Harcourt) 

1945 Prayer for a Child t illustrated by Elizabeth Orton Jones, written 
by Rachel Field. (Macmillan.) 

1946 The Rooster Crows, written and illustrated by Maud and Miska 
Petersham. (Macmillan.) 

Child Study Association Award 

The Children's Book Committee of the Child Study Associa- 
tion of America offers an annual honorary award to a book for 
children dealing in a realistic manner with contemporary problems. 
The winner is selected from among the year's publications by the 
Children's Book Committee. The award has been made annually 
in the Fall since 1943. 

[571 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1943 Keystone Kids, by John R. Tunis. (Harcourt) 

1944 The House, by Marjorie Hill Alee. (Houghtoit) 

1945 The Moved Outers, by Florence Crannell Means. (Houghton.) 

Downey Award 

Pro Parvulis Book Club, the national book club for Catholic 
children, inaugurated in 1942 an annual award of a silver medal, 
the Dov/ney Award, for "the finest American children's book 
written in the Catholic tradition." It was established in memory 
of the late Father Francis X. Downey, founder of the Pro Par- 
vulis Book Club. 

194- The Red Hat, by Covelle Newcomb. (Longmans, Green.) 

1943 Rathina, by Marin Cregan. (Macmillan.) 

1944 The Secret of Pooduck Island, by Alfred Noyes. (Lippincott- 
Stokes.) 

1945 No award. 

Julia Ellsworth Ford Foundation Prise 

This Foundation was established by Julia Ellsworth Ford in 
1934 for the purpose of "encouraging originality and imagination 
in children's literature in the United States/' The prize is awarded 
annually for a juvenile manuscript. Originally the amount of 
$1,450 was divided into several awards. Since that time the 
amount of the prize has varied ; in 1945 it was a single prize of 
$1,250. The several winners for the years 1935 and 1936 can be 
found in the 1939 edition of Famous Literary Prizes and Their 
Winners. The contest is open to all authors and the prize-winning 
manuscript is selected by a board of well-known authorities on 
children's books. Further information may be obtained from the 
Julia Ellsworth Ford Foundation, in care of Julian Messner, Inc., 
8 West 40th Street, New York 18, N. Y. 

1937 My Brother Was Mozart, by Benson Wheeler and Claire Lee Purdy. 
Illustrated by Theodore Nadejen. (Holt.) 

The Stage-Struck Seal, by James Hull. Illustrated by the author. 
(Holt.) 

1938 "Hello, the Boat!", by Phyllis Crawford. Illustrated by Edward 
Laning. (Holt) 

1939 Falcon, Fly Back, by Elinore BlaisdelL Illustrated by the author. 
(Messner.) 

1940 The Listening Man, by Lucy Embury. Illustrated by Russel Hamil- 
ton. (Messner.) 

1941 Walt Whitman, Builder for America, by Babette Deutsch. Illustrated 
by Rafaello Busoni. (Messner.) 

[58] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

1942 Journey Cake, by Isabel McLennan McMeekin. Illustrated by 
Nicholas Panesis. (Messner.) 

1943 Valiant Minstrel: The Story of Harry Lauder, by Gladys Malvern. 
Illustrated by Corinne Malvern. (Messner.) 

1944 Raymond L. Ditmars: His Exciting Career with Reptiles, Insects 
and Animals, by Laura Newbold Wood. (Messner.) 

1945 The Wonderful Year, by Nancy Barnes. Illustrated by Kate Seredy. 
(Messner.) 

1946 A Horse to Remember, by Genevieve Torrey Eames. (Messner.) 

Junior Scholastic Magazine Gold Seal Award 

The Junior Scholastic Gold Seal Award is given at irregular 
intervals to those juvenile books "that are considered to be an 
enriching experience in the lives of young Americans." The seal 
is of stiff gold paper, designed to be pasted on the prize- winning 
book; it is about an inch and a half in diameter and carries the 
inscription : "Awarded Junior Scholastic Magazine Gold Seal". 
The first Gold Seal Awards were made in 1942. 

1942 Paul Bunyan, by Esther Shephard, illustrated by Rockwell Kent. 
(Harcourt.) 

Indian Captive, by Lois Lenski. (Stokes.) 

Citadel of a Hundred Stairways, by Alida Sims Malkus. (Winston.) 

The May os, by Adolph Regli. (Messner.) 

Shooting Star, by William E. Wilson. (Farrar & Rinehart) 

/ Have Just Begun to Fight, by Edward Ellsberg. (Dodd.) 

Adam of the Road, by Elizabeth Janet Gray. (Viking.) 

Goethals of the Panama Canal, by Howard Fast (Messner.) 

Snow Treasure, by Marie McSwigan. (Button.) 

Dragon Ship, by William S. Resnick. (Coward-McCann.) 

1943 Tom Whipple, by Walter D. Edmonds. (Dodd.) 

Gift of the Forest, by Reginald Lai Singh and Eloise Lownsbery. 

(Longmans.) 

Struggle Is Our Brother, by Gregor Felsen. (Button.) 

Walter Reed, by Laura Newbold Wood. (Messner.) 

We'll Meet in England, by Kitty Barne. (Bodd.) 

Submarine Sailor, by Gregor Felsen. (Button.) 

Hosh-Ki the Navajo, by Florence Hayes. (Random.) 

1944 Yankee Thunder, by Irwin Shapiro. (Messner,) x . 

The Good Ship Red Lily, by Constance Savery. (Longmans.) 

Giants of China, by Helena Kuo. (Button.) 
IQ45 Nathan Hale, Patriot, by Martha Mann, (Bodd.) 

The Land of the Chinese People, by Corrielia Spencer. (Lippincott.) 

Sentinel of the Snow Peaks, by Harold McCracken. (Lippincott.) 
1946 Justin Morgan Had a Horse, by Marguerite Henry. (Wilcox & 

Follett.) 

[59] 



LITERARY PRIZES 
The John Newbery Medal 

The John Newbery Medal has been awarded annually since 
1922 by the Children's Library Association of the Division of 
Libraries for Children and Young People of the American Library 
Association for the most distinguished contribution to literature 
for American children* Books by authors of foreign birth are 
eligible if the books are first published in America. Compilations 
are not eligible. 

The announcement of this award, which is for a book of the 
previous year, is made at the Annual Conference of the American 
Library Association, usually held in June. The Committee which 
makes the award now consists of twenty- three members the 
Chairman, the four officers of the Children's Library Association, 
the chairman of the previous year, the chairman and four mem- 
bers of the Book Evaluation Committee, the chairman of the 
other four standing committees, three members-at-large, and the 
chairman and four members of the School Library Section. The 
bronze medal is the gift of Frederic G. Melcher, editor of the 
Publishers? Weekly. The design for the medal was made by the 
American sculptor, Rene Chambellan. 

. This prize for the best juvenile is most appropriately named 
for John Newbery (1713-1767), a London bookseller, who first 
conceived the idea of publishing books expressly for children. 
Newbery's famous Juvenile Library was made up of tiny volumes, 
four inches tall, bound in "flowery and gilt" Dutch paper. 

A more detailed description of Newbery's publishing activities 
may be found in the 1939 edition of Famous Literary Prizes and 
Their Winners. 

1922 The Story of Mankind, by Hendrik WiUem van Loon. Illustrated by 
the author. ( Liver ight ; Garden City.) 

1923 The Voyages of Doctor Dolittle, by Hugh Lofting. Illustrated by 
the author. (Stokes.) 

1924 The Dark Frigate, by Charles Boardman Hawes. (Little,) 

1925 Tales From Silver Lands, by Charles Joseph Finger. Illustrated by 
Paul Honore. (Doubleday.) 

1926 Shen of the Sea, by Arthur Bowie Chrisman. Illustrated by Else 
Hasselriis. (Dutton.) 

1927 Smoky; the Cowhorse, by Will James. Illustrated by the author. 
(Scribner.) 

1928 Gay Neck, by Dhan Gopal Mukerji. Illustrated by Boris Artzy- 
basheff. (Dutton.) 

[60] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

1929 The Trumpeter of Krakow, by Eric P. Kelly. Illustrated by Angela 
Pruszynska. (Macmillan.) 

1930 Hitty, by Rachel Field. Illustrated by Dorothy Lathrop. (Macniillan.) 

1931 The Cat Who Went to Heaven, by Elizabeth Coatsworth. Illustrated 
by Lynd Ward. (Macmillan.) 

1932 Waterless Mountain, by Laura Adams Armer. Illustrated by the 
the author, and her husband, Sidney Armer. (Longmans,) 

19.33 Young Fu of the Upper Yangtze, by Elizabeth Foreman Lewis. Illus- 
trated by Kurt Wiese. (Winston.) 

1934 Invincible Louisa, by Cornelia Meigs. (Little.) 

1935 Dobry, by Monica Shannon. Illustrated by Atanas Katchamakoff. 
(Viking.) 

1936 Caddie Woodlawn, by Carol Ryrie Brink. Illustrated by Kate Seredy. 
(Macmillan). 

1937 Roller Skates, by Ruth Sawyer. Illustrated by Valenti Angelo. 
(Viking.) 

1938 The White Stag, by Kate Seredy. Illustrated by the author. (Viking.) 

1939 Thimble Summer, by Elizabeth Enright. Illustrated by the author. 
(Farrar & Rinehart.) 

1940 Daniel Boone, by James Daugherty. Illustrated by the author. 
(Viking.) 

1941 Call It Courage, by Armstrong Sperry. Illustrated by the author. 
(Macmillan,) 

1942 The Matchlock Own, by Walter D. Edmonds. Illustrated by Paul 
Lantz. (Dodd.) 

I $43 Adam of the Road, by Elizabeth Janet Gray. Illustrated by Robert 
Lawson. (Viking.) 

1944 Johnny T remain, by Esther Forbes. Illustrated by Lynd Ward. 
(Houghton.) 

1945 Rabbit Hill, by Robert Lawson. Illustrated by the author. (Viking.) 

1946 Strawberry Girl, by Lois Lenski. Illustrated by the author. 
(Lippincott.) 

For complete descriptions of the first twelve Newbery books 
see The Newbery Medal Books 1922-1933: Their Authors, Illus- 
trators and Publishers, by Muriel E, Cann. Published by the 

Public Library, Boston. 

New York Herald'Tribune Children's Spring Book 

Festival Awards 

In 1937 two awards of $250 each were established by the New 
York Herald-Tribune for the best books for youngeir children 
and for older children published between January and June. In 
1941 the system of awards was revised. Three awards, of $200 
each, are given to the best books in the following three classes: 
young children, middle-age children, and other children. Each year 

[61] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

a jury, composed of distinguished experts in the field of juvenile 
literature, is chosen to make the selections. 

1937 Seven Simeons, by Boris Artzybasheff. For younger children. Illus- 
trated by the author. (Viking.) 

The Smuggler's Sloop, by Robb White III. For older children. 
Illustrated by Andrew Wyeth. (Little.) 

1938 The Hobbit, by J. R. Tolkien. For younger children. Illustrated by 
the author. (Houghton.) 

The Iron Duke, by John R. Tunis. For older children. Illustrated 
by Johari Bull. (Har court) 

1939 The Story of Horace, by Alice M. Coats. For younger children. 
Illustrated by the author. (Coward.) 

The Hired Man's Elephant, by Phil Stong. For older children. 
Illustrated by Doris Lee. (Dodd.) 

1940 That Mario, by Lucy Herndon Crockett. For younger children. 
Illustrated by the author. (Holt) 

Cap'n Ezra, Privateer, by James D. Adams. For older children. 
Illustrated by I. B. Hazelton. (Harcourt.) 

1941 In My Mother's House, by Ann Nolan Clark. For younger children. 
Illustrated by Velino Herrera. (Viking.) 

Pete, by Tom Robinson. For middle-age children. Illustrated by 

Morgan Dennis. (Viking.) 

Clara Barton, by Mildren Mastin Pace. For older children. 

(Scribner.) 

1942 Mr. Tootwhistle's Invention, by Peter Wells. For younger children. 
Illustrated by the author. (Winston.) 

/ Have Just Begun to Fight: The Story of John Paul Jones, by 
Commander Edward Ellsberg. For middle-age children. Illustrated 
by Gerald Foster. (Dodd.) 

None But the Brave, by Rosamond Van der Zee Marshall. For 
older children. Illustrated by Gregor Duncan. (Houghton.) 

1943 Five Golden Wrens, by Hugh Troy. For younger children. Illus- 
trated by the author. (Oxford.) 

These Happy Golden Years, by Laura Ingalls Wilder. For middle- 
age children. Illustrated by Helen Sewell and Mildred Boyle. 
(Harper-.) 

Patterns on the Wall, by Elizabeth Yates. For older children. 
(Knopf.) 

1944 A Ring and a Riddle, by M. Ilm and E. Segal. For younger children. 
Illustrated by Vera Bock. (Lippincott) 

They Put Out to Sea, by Roger Duvoisln. For middle-age children. 
Illustrated by the author. (Knopf.) 

Storm Canvas, by Armstrong Sperry, For older children. Illustrated 
by the author. (Winston.) 

1945 Little People in a Big Country, by Norma Cohn. For younger chil- 
dren. Illustrated by Tashkent Children's Art Training Center in 
Soviet Uzbekistan. (Oxford.) 

Gulf Stream, by Ruth Brindze. Illustrated by Helene Carter. For 
middle-age children., (Vanguard.) 

Sandy, by Elizabeth Janet Gray. For older children. (Viking.) 
[62! 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

1946 Farm Stories. Award divided between Gustaf Tenggren, illustrator, 
and Kathryn and Byron Jackson, authors. For younger children. 
(Simon & Schuster.) 

The Thirteenth Stone, by Jean Bothwell, illustrated by Margaret 
Ayer. For middle-age children. (Harcourt) 

The Quest of the Golden Condor, by Clayton Knight. Illustrated 
by the author. For older children. (Knopf.) 

Pacific Northwest Young Reader's Choice Award 

The Pacific Northwest Library Association presents an annual 
award to the author of a recent book which has proved popular 
with boys and girls from the fourth to eighth grades. Originally 
the book was chosen from a poll of children's librarians of the 
Pacific Northwest. Later this policy was changed and the winner 
is now selected by direct vote of grade school children. 

1940 Paul Bunyan Swings His Axe, by Dell J. McCormick. (Caxton.) 

1941 Mr. Popper's Penguins, by Florence and Richard Atwater. (Little.) 

1942 By the Shores of Silver Lake, by Laura Ingalls Wilder. (.Harper.) 

1943 Lassie Come-Home, by Eric Knight. (Winston.) 

1944 Black Stallion, by Walter Farley. (Random.) 

1945 Snow Treasure, by Marie McSwigan. (Duttori.) 

1946 Return of Silver Chief, by John S. O'Brien. (Winston.) 

Youth Today Contest 
See Publishers' Prizes, Reynal & Hitchcock, page 53. 



POETRY PRIZES 

Academy of American Poets Award 

The Academy of American Poets, 435 East 52nd Street, New 
York, N. Y., sets forth its purpose as twofold: "first, to encourage 
and foster the work of American poets of proven gifts and merit; 
second, to discover new poetic genius wherever it may be in 
America." The Academy plans to offer an annual Fellowship of 
$5,000 to a deserving American poet who, for practical reasons, 
cannot otherwise devote himself entirely to the writing of poetry. 
Fellowships may be awarded to the same individual for successive 
years without limit. 

In 1937, Edwin Markham was given a special award of $5,000 
for great achievement in poetry. This was the first award since 
the Academy was chartered in 1934. The first formal Fellowship 
was awarded in 1946. 
1946 Edgar Lee Masters. 

Harriet Monroe Poetry Award 

The Harriet Monroe Poetry Award of $500 was established 
under the will of Harriet Monroe, founder and for more than 
twenty years editor of Poetry, A Magazine of Verse, for the ad- 
vancement and encouragement of poetry. It is administered by the 
University of Chicago and is to be awarded from time to time to 
an American poet of distinction and distinguished service. Prefer- 
ence is given to poets of progressive rather thaii academic 
tendencies. 

1941 Muriel Rukeyser 1945 Marianne Moore 

1944 Marianne Moore 1946 Wallace Stevens 

League to Support Poetry 

The League to Support Poetry, 327 West i8th Street, New 
York, N. Y., was founded in 1936 for the purjtose of publishing 
distinguished volumes of poetry on a self-supporting -basis which 
would allow royalties to be paid to their authors. All the books 
which the League has already published, with the endorsement of 
the member-groups and judges, were financed by advance sub- 
scription. The League publishes one volume of poetry, on a royalty 
basis, every October. The book of the year is chosen by a com- 
petition, open to all poets, which is held during January and 
February of each year. The winner is announced in May. The 
following volumes have been published : 

[65] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1940 Core of Fire, by Kenneth Slade Ailing. 

1941 Hawk's Way, by Ted Olson. 

1942 Heavenly Body, by Starr Nelson. 

Rock and Cumulus, by Richard Leon Spain. 

1943 Louder Than the Drum, by Gerard Previn Meyer. 

1944 There Is Still Time, by Carolyn Wilson Link. 

1945 Brief Enterprise, by Alice Monks Mears. 

1946 Parade of Doves, by Eve Triem. 

Poetry Magazine Awards 

Poetry, A Magazine of Verse, published at 232 East Erie 
Street, Chicago, Illinois, sponsors eight awards annually. The 
prizes are given for work that has appeared in the magazine dur- 
ing the preceding year and are announced in the November issue 
of the magazine. In each case, the award winners listed below 
include only those since 1938. Previous winners may be found in 
the 1939 edition of Famous Literary Prises and Their Winners. 
Many names, later to become prominent in the history of Ameri- 
can poetry, first achieved recognition in Poetry. The long list of 
winners of the prizes listed below includes such famous American 
poets as Carl Sandburg, Vachel Lindsay, Robert Frost, Edwin 
Arlington Robinson, Elinor Wylie, Hart Crane, Edna St. Vincent 
Millay, Marianne Moore, Robert Penn Warren, William Carlos 
Williams, and W. H. Auden. 

EDWARD BLAND MEMORIAL FELLOWSHIP PRIZE 

This prize of $50, formerly known as the Fellowship Prize, 
was founded in 1943 through the generosity of the Chicago Poets' 
Gass, a 'group of young Negro poets, It is given preferably for 
a work "which most profoundly contributes to or expresses under- 
standing and contact between nations, races, classes, or creeds." 

1943 Patrick Anderson. 

1944 Oscar Williams. 

1945 May Sarton. 

OSCAR BLUMENTHAL PRIZE 

This prize of $100, founded in 1936, is awarded annually by 

Charles M. Leviton in memory of Oscar Blumenthal. 

1036 Marion Strobel. 1941 Stanley J. Kuriitz. 

1937 Thomas Hornsby Ferril. 1942 E. L. Mayo. 

1938 Dylan Thomas. 1943 John Ciardi. 

1939 Maxwell Bodenheim. 1944 P. K. Page. 

1940 Muriel Rukeyser. 1945 Yvor Winters. '. ' ' 

[66] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 
FIRST APPEARANCE PRIZE 

This prize was founded in 1945 for a poem or group of poems 
published in Poetry, marking the author's first appearance in the 
magazine. The award, given anonymously, is a $50 bond. 
1945 Louis Coxe. 

GUARANTORS PRIZE 

This prize of $100, founded in 1913, is financed by the Friday 
Club of Chicago. 

1939 Stephen Spender. 1943 John Frederick Nims. 

1940 Kenneth Fearing. 1944 F. R. Scott. 
1041 Paul Engle. 1945 Ray Smith. 
1942 St. - J. Perse. 

LEVINSON PRIZE 

This prize was founded in 1914 and is awarded for a poem or 
group of poems 'by an American citizen. The prize is $100 and 
is given by the family of the late Salmon O. Levinson. 

1939 E. E. Cummings, 1943 John Malcolm Bririnin. 

1940 Robinson Jeffers. 1944 John Frederick Nims. 

1941 Archibald MacLeish. 1945 Dylan Thomas. 

1942 Karl J. Shapiro. 

HARRIET MONROE LYRIC PRIZE 

A memorial prize of $100 is awarded for a lyric poem or group 
of lyric poems published in Poetry during the year preceding the 
the award. Marion Strobel is the donor of the award. 

1937 Roger Roughton. 1942 John Frederick Nims. 

1938 H. H. Lewis. 1943 H. B. Mallalieu. 

1939 Malcolm Cowley. 1944 William Meredith. 

1940 Louis MacNeice. 1945 Will Gibson. 

1941 Frederic Prokosch. 

EUNICE TIETJENS MEMORIAL PRIZE 
This award of $100, established in 1944, is a memorial to a 
former associate editor of Poetry. It is presented by Cloyd Head 
for a poem or group of poems by an American citizen. 

1944 John Ciardi. -' 

1945 Marie Borroff. 

YOUNGER POETS PRIZE 

This $100 prize, formerly the Jeannette Sewell Davis Prize, 
was established in 1934 to be awarded to a yoidng poet. 

[67] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1034 Jea*e Stuart I94& Robert Friend 

1505 No award. 1941 Karl J- Shapiro. 

1936 David Schubert 1942 Katinka Loeser. 

1937 William Pillin; 1943 Randall Jarrell. 

1938 D. S. Savage. 1944 Howard Moss. 

1939 John Malcolm Brinnin. 1945 William Jay Smith. 

Poetry Society of America Awards 

POETRY SOCIETY ANNUAL AWARD 

An annual award is made by the Poetry Society of America, 
687 Lexington Ave., New York 22, N. Y. The recipients have 
been as follows: 

1938 Helen Morrow and Oscar Williams. 

1939 Helen Morrow and Harold Vinal. 

1940 Clark Mills and Daniel Smythe, 

1941 Frederick Wright and Rosalie Moore. 

1942 Edith Henrich, 

1943 Edith Henrich and Jane Dransfield. 

1944 Rosalie Moore and Elma Dean. 

1945 Elda Tanasso and Mary Sinton Leitch. 

LOLA RIDGE MEMORIAL AWARD 

An annual award of $100 is offered by S. A. DeWitt of New 
York through the Poetry Society of America. 

1942 Elsa Barker. 

1943 Norman Rosteri and Margaret R. Richter. 

1944 Alice Monks Mears. 

1945 No award. 

1946 Jules Alan Wein and Sidney Shanker. 

THE SHELLEY MEMORIAL AWARD 

An annual prize in memory of Percy Bysshe Shelley was 
donated by Mary P. Sears, who, in her will, left a trust fund of 
$20,000 to be known as the Shelley Memorial Fund and to be 
administered by the Old Colony Trust Company of Boston. The 
prize, approximately $800, is given to a living American poet, 
chosen on the basis of merit and need. The jury consists of three 
poets, one chosen by the president of Radcliffe College, one by 
the president of the University of California, and one by the 
governing board of the Poetry Society of America. 

[68] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

1930 Conrad Aiken. 

1931 Lizette Reese. 

1932 Archibald MacLeish. 

1933 Stephen Vincent Benet. 

1934 Frances Frost and Lola Ridge. 

1935 Marya Zaturenska and Lola Ridge. 

1936 Josephine Miles. 

1937 Charlotte Wilder and Ben Belitt. 

1938 Lincoln Fitzell. 

1939 Robert Francis and Harry Brown. 

1940 Herbert Brunchen and Winfield Townley Scott. 

1941 Marianne Moore. 

1942 Ridgely Torrence. 

1943 Robert Penn Warren and Percy MacKaye. 

1944 Edgar Lee Masters. 

1945 E. E. Cummings. 

1946 Karl Shapiro. 

Pulitzer Prize 
See General Prizes, page 31. 

Yale Series of Younger Poets 

These contests were initiated in 1919 by Clarence Day, well- 
known author and brother of the founder of Yale University 
Press. From 1920 to 1924, two volumes were published during 
each of the two yearly contests, held in the spring and fall. From 
1924 to 1932 two volumes were issued semi-annually. In 1933, 
when Stephen Vincent Benet became editor of the Yale Series of 
Younger Poets, it was decided to issue only one volume a year. 
In 1946 Wystan Hugh Auden became editor, succeeding Archi- 
bald MacLeish. The contest closes on March first of each year. 

The competition, which is designed to provide a publishing 
medium for the first volumes of America's promising poets, is 
open to American citizens under thirty who have not previously 
published a volume of verse. There is a prize of $100 in addition 
to the usual author's royalties and publication of the volume by 
the Yale University Press. The award of $100 was suggested by 
Stephen Vincent Benet and is paid out of the editor's fee. 

Rules of the contest may be obtained from the Yale Series of 
Younger Poets, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut. 
1920 The Tempering, by Howard Buck. 

Forgotten Shrines, by John Chipman Farrar. 
Four Gardens, by David Osborne Hamilton. 

[69] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

Spires and Poplars, by Alfred Raymond Bellinger. 

The White God and Other Poems, by Thomas Caldecot Chubb. 

1921 Where Lilith Dances, by Darl Macleod Boyle. 
Wild Geese, by Theodore H. Banks, Jr. 
Horizons, by Viola C. White. 

Wampum and Old Gold, by Hervey Allen. 
The Golden Darkness, by Oscar Williams. 

1922 White April, by Harold Vinal. 

Dreams and a Sword, by Medora C. Addison. 
Hidden Waters, by Bernard Raymund. 
Attitudes, by Paul Tanaquil. 

1923 The Last Lutanist, by Dean B. Lyman, Jr. 
Battle-Retrospect, by Amos Niven Wilder. 
Silver Wands, by Marion M .Boyd. 
Mosaics, by Beatrice E. Harmon. 

1924 Up and Down, by Elizabeth Jessup Blake. 

1925 Coach into Pumpkin , by Dorothy E. Reid. 

1926 Quest, by Eleanor Slater. 

High Passage, by Thomas Hornsby Ferril. 

1927 Dark Pavilion, by Lindley Williams Hubbell. 
Twist o* Smoke, by Mildred Bowers, 

1928 A Stranger and Afraid, by Ted Olson. 

This Unchanging Mask, by Francis Claiborne Mason. 

1929 Hemlock Wall, by Frances M. Frost 
Half-Light and Overtones, by Henri Faust 

1930 Virtuosa: A Book of Verse, by Louise Owen. 

1931 Dark Certainty, by Dorothy Belle Flanagan. 

1932 Worn Earth, by Paul H. Engle. 

1933 Dark Hills Under, by Shirley Barker. 

1934 Permit Me Voyage, by James Agee. 

1935 Theory of Flight, by Murial Rukeyser. 

1936 The Deer Come Down, by Edward Weismiller. 
IQ37 The Gardener Mind, by Margaret Haley. 

1938 Letter to a Comrade, by Joy Davidman. 

i'939 The Connecticut River and Other Poems, by Reuel Denney. 

1940 Return Again, Traveler, by Norman Rosten. 

1941 The Metaphysical Sword, by Jeremy Ingalls. 

1942 For My People, by Margaret Walker. 

1943 Love Letter From cm Impossible Land, by William Meredith. 

1944 Cut Is the Branch, by Charles E. Butler. 

1945 Family Circle, by Eve Merriam. 

1946 Poems, by Joan Vincent Murray. 



[70] 



DRAMA PRIZES 

Sidney Howard Memorial Award 

In 1939 the five directors of the Playwrights' Company, Max- 
well Anderson, S. N. Behrman, Elmer Rice, Robert E. Sherwood 
and John F. Wharton, established the Sidney Howard Memorial 
Award of $1,500. The prize, a memorial to Sidney Howard, who 
was a Playwrights' Company director, is given annually to a new 
American playwright who, with no previous noteworthy success 
in the theater, has shown talent through the production of one or 
more of his plays in New York. The award is not designed to 
honor the "best play of the season/' but to give support to a 
promising playwright. In 1941 the Playwrights' Company, unable 
to agree upon a recipient for the award, donated the prize money 
to the Authors' League Fund of the Authors' League of America 
for financial assistance to needy young dramatists. In 1943 the 
directors deviated slightly from the rules and awarded the prize 
money to the New School for Social Research to enable that 
group to produce Winter Soldiers, by Dan James. 

1940 Thunder Rock, by Robert Ardrey. (Dramatists.) 
1941-1944 No awards. See above. 

1945 The Glass Menagerie, by Tennessee Williams. (Random.) 

1946 Born Yesterday, by Garsori Kanin. (Viking.) 
Home of the Brave, by Arthur Laurents. (Random.) 

New York Drama Critics Circle Award 

In 1935 the play reviewers of New York established an organi- 
zation known as the New York Drama Critics Circle. The Circle 
awards a Medal each season to an American playwright for the 
best play, in the Circle opinion, produced in New York City. 
The prize is a silver plaque depicting a scene from the old John 
Street Theater. This award was established to offset the Pulitzer 
Drama Award with which the critics are rarely in agreement. 
In 1938 the Circle initiated an award for the best foreign play 
of the season. In both cases the Circle withholds the award if no 
play is deemed worthy of the distinction. 

1936 Winter -set, by Maxwell Anderson. (Dodd.) 

1937 High Tor, by Maxwell Anderson. (Dodd.) 

1938 Of Mice and Men, by John Steinbeck. (Covici.) 

Shadow and Substance, by Paul Vincent Carroll. (Random.) 

1939 No award for American play. 

The White Steed, by Paul Vincent Carroll. (Random.) 

[71] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1940 The Time of Your Life, by William Saroyan. (Harcourt) 
No award for foreign play. 

1941 The Watch on the Rhine , by Lillian Hellman. (Random.) 
The Corn Is Green, by Emlyn Williams. (Random.) 

1942 No award for American play. 

Blithe Spirit, by Noel Coward. (Doubleday.) 

1943 The Patriots, by Sidney Kingsley. (Random.) 
No award for foreign play. 

1944 No award for American play. 

Jacobowsky and the Colonel, by Franz Werfel and S. N. Behrman. 
(Random.) 

1945 The Glass Menagerie, by Tennessee Williams. (Random.) 
No award for foreign play. 

1946 No awards given. 

Pulitzer Prize 
See General Prizes, page 29. 

Charles H, Sergei Award 

This award, established by Annie Meyers Sergei in memory 
of her husband, Charles H. Sergei, founder of the Dramatic 
Publishing Company of Chicago, is designed to encourage the 
writing of new American plays. The award is administered by 
the University of Chicago. The competition was originally con- 
ducted annually, with a prize of $500. In 1942-43, it was decided 
to give the award every two years, with a prize of $1,000. The 
contest is open to any citizen of the United States for a full- 
length original play. Further information may be obtained from 
the Charles H. Sergei Play Contest, University of Chicago. 

1938 The Boar, by Rosalie Moore. 

1939 Ring One for Central, by Carl Allenworth. 

1940 Prelude to '76, by Robert Whitehand. 

1941 When the Time Conies, by Harry Kleiner. 
1942-43 Candle to the Sun, by Lewis Beach. 
1944-45 The River, by Bob Stuart McKnight. 

Stanford University Awards 

The Dramatists' Alliance of Stanford University, an associa- 
tion of faculty and alumni interested non-professionally in drama, 
offers several drama awards at regular intervals. 

ALDEN AWARD 

This award, in memory of Raymond MacDonald Alden, writer 
and teacher of Stanford University, is offered for a one-act play. 

(72] 



AMERICAN PRIZES 

The prize of $50 is given every two years, alternating with the 
Stephen Vincent Benet Award. 

1941 Until Chariot Comes Home, by Rachel Reynolds. 

1942 Ballad Requiem for Lincoln, by M. Greemvald. 

1943 Home Is the Hunter, by Alice M. Dennis. 

1945 Summer Fury, by James Broughton. 

MAXWELL ANDERSON AWARD 

The Maxwell Anderson Award of $100 for verse drama was 
established at Stanford University in 1936 in honor of the fore- 
most dramatic poet of America, who was once a graduate student 
at the University. The aim of tlie contest is to encourage the 
production of good plays in verse on American themes. The con- 
test is open to all persons interested in dramatic composition, 
without regard to training or experience. No play is acceptable if 
it has been produced in any theater or if it has been offered pre- 
viously for this award. There are no restrictions as to theme, 
verse-form, or length; one-act plays are eligible. Since 1943 the 
award alternated with the Stevens Award for prose drama. 

Information may be obtained from the Proctor of the Maxwell 
Anderson Contest, Office sooM, Stanford University, California, 

1936 Surrey, by Florette Henri. 

1937 Souvenir de la Malmaison, by Dorothy Dow. 

1938 John Brown, by Kirke Mechem. 

1939 Night Before the Border, by Jean Clark. 

1940 A Parting at Imsdorf, by N. Richard Nusbaum. 

1941 The Levtte, by Agnes Irene Smith. 

1942 Night Song, by Howard Richardson. (This play ran in New York 
under the title, Dark of the Moon.) 

1944 Lead Her Up to Candy, by Donald Lawhon Stofle. 

1946 No award. 

MILES McKINNON ANDERSON AWARD 

In 1945 a new prize was offered in memory of Miles McKinnon 
Anderson. The award of $100 is for a full-length prose drama 
"showing the sturdy constructive qualities of daily life in the 
North American scene/' This award alternates with the Etherege 
Award. 
1946 The Festered Lily, by Hermine Dtithie. 

STEPHEN VINCENT BENfiT AWARD 

This award of $50 Wi$ established in 1944 in memory of the 

[731 



LITERARY PRIZES 

American poet and prose writer. It is offered for a radio play in 
prose or verse, preferably on an American theme. It is given 
every two years, alternating with the Alden Award. 

1944 "T. M. D", by Edwin Gross. 

1946 As Sound as a Bell, by Malvin Wald. 

ETHEREGE AWARD 

This competition, established in 1939, is named in honor of 
the great English comic writer. The prize of $100 is given for 
a full-length comedy. After 1945, alternates with Miles McKinnon 
Anderson award. 

1939 Molehills, by Muriel Roy Bolton. 

1940 Formula for Pancakes, by Muriel Roy Bolton. 
No Boots in Bed, by Ronald Elwy Mitchell. 

1941 Cardinal Virtue, by Carter Kissell. 

1942 Hoe Corn, Dig 'Taters, by Gladys Charles. 

1943 No award. 

1944 The Wives of St. Joseph, by Ronald Elwy Mitchell. 

1945 Father Was President, by Malvin Wald and Walter Doniger. 

HENRY DAVID GRAY AWARD 

This contest was established in 1939 in honor of Henry David 
Gray, critic, scholar and playwright. It offers a prize of $50 for 
a piece of dramatic criticism and is designed to support interest 
in sound critical analysis. 

1939 Carolina Play-Making, by William Peery. 

1940 For Mr. Shaw at Twenty-Two, by Wanda Willson Whitman. 
1041 The Tragic Lament, by Sherna Vinograd. 

1942 Freudian Elements in the Work of Lenormand, by Thomas Patten 
Carpenter. 

1943 The Role of the Commentator in Drama, by Miriam Goldeen. 

1944 A Generation of Still-Breeding Thoughts, by Sr. Mary Humiliata. 

1945 No award. 

1946 Wanted: Voices in the Wilderness, by Elizabeth McCoy. 

THOMAS WOOD STEVENS AWARD 

This award of $roo was established in 1943 in memory of the 
eminent director and teacher who made history at Stanford Uni- 
versity during his service there from 1937-39. The prize is offered 
for a full-length prose drama and alternates with the Maxwell 
Anderson Prize for verse drama. 

1943 The Shoemaker's House, by Ronald Elwy Mitchell, 
1945 The Daylight Grows, by Geneva Harrison. 

[74] 



MOTION PICTURE PRIZES 

Columbia Pictures 

See Prize Contests Open, Crowell's United Services Book 
contest, page 109. 

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Novel Award 

In 1944 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer offered an annual novel award 
"for a novel considered most outstanding by a distinguished 
board of judges." The prize is a minimum of $125,000 to the 
author (maximum $175,000, contingent upon sales of the book 
by the publisher) and $25,000 to the publisher upon publication 
of the -book. M-G-M reserves the motion picture and allied rights 
to the book. The competition is open to any unpublished but 
completed novel which is under contract to a United States pub- 
lisher at his expense on a royalty basis. 

1944 Green Dolphin Street, by Elizabeth Goudge. (Coward-McCann.) 

1945 Before the Sun Goes Down, by Elizabeth Metzger Howard, 
(Doubleday.) 

1946 Return to Night, by Mary Renault. (Morrow.) 

Twentieth Century-Fox 

See Publisher's Prizes, Doubleday New Writers Contest, page 
44; Fellowships Open, Farrar, Straus Fellowship Awards, 
page 113. 



[75] 



SHORT STORY PRIZES 

"Atlantic Firsts" 
See Publishers' Prize, page 38. 

O. Henry Memorial Award 

The most important annual award in the field of short story 
writing is that given by the O. Henry Memorial Award com- 
mittee. There are four monetary prizes and the prize-winning 
stories, together with others selected by the committee, are pub- 
lished in the yearly volumes of 0. Henry Memorial Award Prize 
Stories (Doubleday). First, second and third prizes, amounting 
to $300, $200 and $100 respectively, are awarded to the three 
best stories by American authors published in American periodi- 
cals and a special prize of $100 for a first published story has 
been given since 1941. Earlier volumes of the series, which began 
in 1919, were edited by Blanche Colton Williams and Harry 
Hansen. The current editor is Herschel Brickell, assisted by 
Muriel Fuller. Since material eligible for consideration by the 
committee is all available in its published form, no special entry 
form is necessary. 

1938 The Happiest Man on Earth, by Albert Maltz. First prize. 
Fire and Cloud, by Richard Wright. Second prize. 

The Promise, by John Steinbeck, Third prize. 

1939 Barn Burning, by William Faulkner. First prize. 
Bat Flight, by James Still. Second prize. 
Calves, by David Cornel Dejong. Third prize. 

1940 Freedom's a Hard-Bought Thing, by Stephen Vincent Benet. First 
prize. 

Don't Get Me Wrong, by Roderick Lull. Second prize. 
The Kill, by Edward JHavill. Third prize. 

1941 Defeat, by Kay Boyle, First prize. 

A Worn Path, by Eudora Welty. Second prize. 

Eighteenth Summer, by Hallie Southgate Abbett. Third prize. 

The Visit, by Andy Logan. Special prize for a first published story. 

1942 The Wide Net, by Eudora Welty. First prize. 
Two Rivers, by Wallace Stegner. Second prize. 
Windwagon Smith, by William L. Schramm. Third prize. 

A Long Way to Go, by Jeanne E. Wylie. Special prize for a first 
published story. 

[77] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1943 Liwie Is Back, by Eudora Welty. First prize. 

The Knot Hole, by Dorothy Canfield. Second prize. 
The Fisherman of Patzcuaro, by William Fifield. Third prize. 
The Little Black Boys, by Clara Laidlaw. Special prize for a first 
published story. 

1944 Walking Wounded, by Irwin Shaw. First prize. 
Home Is a Place, by Bessie Breuer. Second prize. 
The Stagecoach, by Griffith Beems. Third prize. 

Health Card, by Frank Yerby. Special prize for a first published 
story. 

1945 The Wind and the Snow of Winter, by Walter Van Tilburg Clark. 
First prize. 

Gunners' Passage, by Irwin Shaw. Second prize. 
Old Bill Bent to Drink, by Ben Hur Lampman. Third prize. 
Flesh and Blood, by Laurence Critchell. Special prize for a first 
published story. 

1946 Bird Song, by John Mayo Goss. First prize. 

The Innocent Bystander, by Margaret Shedd. Second prize. 
Sometimes You Break Even, by Victor Ullman. Third prize. 
Waves of Darkness, by Cord Meyer, Jr. Special prize for a first 
published story. 

Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine Short Story Awards 

Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine announced in 1945 an an- 
nual $S,ooo contest for detective and crime short stories. The 
stories must be between 5,000 and 10,000 words, by either new or 
established authors. The non-winners which the editor, Ellery 
Queen, considers acceptable will be published at the usual rates. 
Christopher Morley and Howard Haycraft are the other two 
judges. The contest is open to anyone except' employees of the 
magazine and their families. The 1946 competition, conducted in 
cooperation with Little, Brown, offers prizes totalling $6,000, 
with a first prize of $3,000. Complete details may be obtained 
from Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine, 570 Lexington Avenue, 
New York 22, N. Y. 

1945 A Star for a Warrior, by Manley Wade Wellman. 



[78] 



BRITISH EMPIRE PRIZES 



BRITAIN 



Atlantic Awards in Literature 

The Atlantic Awards are made from the 12,500 Rockefeller 
Fund which was instituted to help English writers whose creative 
activity was interrupted by the war. The original prize of 250 
has been increased to 300. According to provisions of the 
Fund, similar awards will be made every year for three years. The 
Chairman of the committee of judges is Professor Allardyce 
Nicoll of Birmingham University. 

1946 John Buxtori, William Frank Dudley, Robert Kee, Colin Morris, 
Leslie Allen Paul, George Scott-Moncrieff, Arthur Teece, C. A. M. 
West, Laurence Whistler, Margaret Elizabeth Willy, R H. Newby. 

James Tait Black Memorial Prises 

These literary prizes, the most valuable in Great Britain, were 
founded by the late Mrs. Janet Coats Black in memory of her 
husband, a partner in the publishing house of A. and C. Black, 
Ltd., London. Mrs. Black set aside the sum of 11,000 to be used 
for two prizes of whatever income the fund should produce after 
paying expenses, including a fee of 50 to the judge. The prizes 
now amount annually to approximately 250 each. The awards 
are announced in the spring for books of the preceding year. The 
James Tait Black Memorial prizes are judged by one man, the 
Professor of English Literature at the University of Edinburgh, 
or, failing him, the Professor of English at the University of 
Glasgow. The judge is assisted by a staff of readers. The prizes 
are given for the best biography of the year and for the best 
work of fiction. 

1919 Biography: Samuel Butler, by Henry Festing Jones. (Macmillan.) 
Fiction: The Secret City, by Hugh Walpole, (Macmillan.) 

1920 Biography: Lord Grey of the Reform Bill, by George Macaulay 

Trevelyan. (Longmans.) 
Fiction: The Lost Girl, by D. H. Lawrence. (Viking.) 

1921 Biography: Queen Victoria, by Lytton Strachey. (Harcourt.) 
Fiction : Memoirs of a Midget, by Walter de la Mare. (Knopf.) 

1922 Biography: Earlham, by Percy Lubbock. (Scribner.) 
Fiction: Lady into Foxr } by David Garnett. (Knopf.) 

1923 Biography. Memoirs, by Sir Ronald Ross. (Button.) 
Fiction: Riceyman Steps, by Arnold Bennett. (Doran.) 

1924 Biography: The House of Airlie } by Rev. William Wilson. 

(Murray.) 

[81] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

Fiction: A Passage to India, by E. M. Forster. (Harcourt) 

1925 Biography: The Portrait of Zelide, by Geoffrey Scott (Scribner.) 
Fiction: The Informer, by Liam O'Flaherty. (Knopf.) 

1926 Biography: John Wyclif, by H. B. Workman. (Oxford.) 
Fiction: Adam's Breed, by Radclyffe Hall. (Jloughton.) 

1927 Biography: James Bryce, by H. A. L. Fisher. (Macmillan.) 
Fiction: Love Is Enough, by Francis Brett Young. (Knopf.) 

(English title: The Portrait of Clare.) 

1928 Biography: Montrose, by John Buchan. (Houghton.) 

Fiction : Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man, by Siegfried Sassoon. 
( Coward-McCann. ) 

1929 Biography: The Stricken Deer, by Lord David Cecil. (Bobbs.) 
Fiction: The Good Companions, by John Boynton Priestley. 

(Harper.) 

1930 Biography: Lives of a Bengal Lancer, by Francis Yeats-Brown. 

(Viking.) 
Fiction : Miss Mole, by E. H. Young. (Harcourt.) 

1931 Biography: David Hume, by J. Y. T. Grieg. (Oxford.) 
Fiction: Without My Cloak, by Kate O'Brien. (Doubleday,) 

1932 Biography: The Life of Mary Kingsley, by Stephen Gwynn. 

(Macmillan.) 
Fiction: Boomerang, by Helen Simpson. (Doubleday,) 

1933 Biography: The Book of Talbot, by Violet Clifton. (Harcourt.) 
Fiction: England, Their England, by A. G. Macdonell. 

(Macmillan.) 

1934 Biography: Thomas More, by Raymond W. Chambers. (Harcourt) 
Fiction: The Root and the Flower, by L. H. Myers. (Harcourt.) 

1935 Biography: Queen Elisabeth, by J. E. Neale. (Harcourt.) 
Fiction: I, Claudius and Claudius the God, by Robert Graves. 

(Harrison Smith.) 

1936 Biography: Flame in Sunlight; The Life and Work of Thomas 

DeQuincey, by Edward Sackville-West (Yale.) 
Fiction: South Riding, by Winifred Holtby. (Macmillan.) 

1937 Biography: John Knox, by Lord Eustace Percy. (Hodder.) 
Fiction: Highland River, by Neil M. Gunn. (Lippincott.) 

1938 Biography: Samuel Taylor Coleridge t by Sir Edmund K. Chambers. 

(Oxford.) 

Fiction: Ship of the Line and Flying Colors, by C. S. Forester. 
(Included in Captain Horatio Hornblower.) (Little.) 

1939 Biography: English Scholars, by David C. Douglas. (Transatlantic 

Arts.) 

Fiction : After Many a Swmner Dies the Swan, by Aldous Hux- 
ley. (Harper.) 

1940 Biography: Spanish Tudor: The Life of Bloody Mary, by Hilda 

F. M. Prescott. (Columbia Univ. Press.) 
Fiction: The Voyage, by Charles Morgan. (Macmillan.) 

1941 Biography: King George V, by John Gore. (Scribner.) 

Fiction : A House of Children,, by Joyce Cary. (Michael Joseph.) 

1942 Biography: Henry Ponsonby: Queen Victoria's Private Secretary, 

by Arthur Ponsonby. (Macmillan.) 



BRITISH EMPIRE PRIZES 

Fiction: Monkey, translated by Arthur Waley from Wu Cb*eng- 
n. (John Day.) 

1943 Biography: Fourscore Years, by Dr. G. G. Coulton. (Macmillan.) 
Fiction: Tales from Bective Bridge, by Mary Lavin. (Little.) 

1944 Biography: William the Silent, by Cecily V. Wedgewood. (Yale.) 
Fiction: Young Tom, by Forrest Reid. (Faber.) 

1945 Biography: Philip Wilson Steer, by D. S. MacColl, (Faber.) 
Fiction: Travellers, by L. A. G. Strong. (Methuen.) 

The Carnegie Medal 

The Carnegie Medal is the English equivalent of the Newbery 
Medal awarded in America. The Carnegie Medal is given annu- 
ally by the Library Association of England, in memory of Andrew 
Carnegie, to an outstanding book for children by a British author 
published in England during the preceding year. 

1937 Pigeon Post, by Arthur Ransome. (Lippincott.) 

1938 The Family from One-End Street^ by Eve Garnett. (Vanguard.) 

1939 Circus Shoes, by Noel Streatneld. (Random.) (English title: The 
Circus Is Coming.) 

1940 Radium Woman, by Eleanor Doorly. (Heinemann.) 

1941 Visitors from London, by Kitty Barne. (Dodd.) 

1942 Left Till Called For, by Mary Treadway. (Doubleday.) (English 
title : We Couldn't Leave Dinah. ) 

1943 The Little Grey Men, by D. J. Watkins-Pitchford. (Eyre and Spot- 
tiswoode.) 

1944 No award. 

1945 Wind on the Moon, by E. Linklater. (Macmillan.) 

1946 No award. 

Rose Mary Crawshay Prise for English Literature 

This prize was founded in 1888 in a bequest from the late 
Rose Mary Crawshay. Originally it was an annual prize of 100 
for a work on Byron, Shelly, or Keats by an Englishwoman. 
In 1915 the rules were changed extending the prize to a woman 
of an nationality who, in the judgment of the Council of the 
British Academy, has written or published, within three calendar 
years preceding the date of the award, an historical or critical 
work of value on any subject concerning English literature. Pref- 
erence continues to be given to works on Byron, Shelley, or Keats. 
The prize now may or may not be awarded annually. Informa- 
tion concerning this award may be obtained from the Secretary 
of the British Academy, Burlington Gardens, London, W. I. 

1939 No award. 

1940 Jane Austen and Her Art, by Mary M. Lascelles. (Oxford.) 

[83] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1941 Shelley in America in the Nineteenth Century, by Julia Power. 
(Univ. of Neb.) 

1942 Strolling Players and Drama in the Provinces, 1660-176$, by S:bil 
Rosenfeld. (Macmillan.) 

1943 Poems of Michael Drayton, edited by Kathleen Tillotson. 
(Blackwell.) 

1944 Thraliana, by Katharine Canby Balderston. (Oxford.) 

1945 The Correspondence of Richard Steele, by Rae Blanchard. 
(Oxford.) 

Eyre and Spottiswoode Fellowships 

Eyre and Spottiswoode, in conjunction with Houghton Miffiin, 
announced in 1946 an annual fellowship for British writers. This 
fellowship, of 1,000, is offered to young authors embarking on 
a literary career or established authors wishing to engage in work 
requiring serious study. Both fiction and non-fiction will be con- 
sidered. Manuscripts submitted should be designed for the genenil 
reader, the publishers are not interested in books of a purely 
technical character or limited appeal. The winning books will be 
published in both Britain and the United States. The competition 
closes December 31, 1946. Complete information may be obtained 
from Eyre and Spottiswoode, Ltd., 14-16 Bedford Street, London, 
W. C 2. 

Sir Israel Gollancs Memorial Prise 

This prize carries a cash award of 100 and is given biennially 
in memory of Sir Israel Gollancz "for published work of suffi- 
cient value on any subject connected with Old English or Early 
English Language and Literature, or for original investigation 
connected with the history of English literature or the works of 
English writers, with preference for the earlier period/' Further 
information may be obtained from the British Academy, Burling- 
ton Gardens, London, W. i. 

IQ39 The Text of the Canterbury Tales, by John M. Manly and Edith 

Rickert (Univ. of Chicago.) 

1941 General Work on Liturgical Drama, by Karl Young. 
1943 No award. 
1945 No award. 

The Greenwood Prise 

The Shirley Carter Greenwood Prize, conducted under the 
auspices of the Poetry Society of England, is given annually for 

[84] 



BRITISH EMPIRE PRIZES 

the most outstanding poem of the year. The award amounts to 
approximately twenty pounds. 

1945 Behold the Jew, by A. P. Jackson. (Macmillan.) 

Hawthornden Prize 

The Hawthornden Prize, founded in 1919 by Alice Warrender, 
is a prize of ;ioo and a silver medal awarded annually in June 
to an English writer under forty-one years of age for the best 
work of imaginative literature. It is especially designed to en- 
courage young authors and the word "imaginative" is given a 
broad interpretation biographies are not necessarily excluded. 
Books do not have to be specially submitted for the prize. It is 
awarded without competition. 

1919 The Queen of China, by Edward Shanks. (Knopf.) 

1920 Poems New and Old, by John Freeman. (Harconrt.) 

1921 The Death of Society, by Romer Wilson. (Doubleday.) 

1922 The Shepherd, by Edmund Blunden. CKnopf.) 

1923 Lady Into Fox, by David Garnett. (Knopf.) 

1924 The Spanish Farm, by Ralph Hale Mottram. (Dial.) 

1925 Juno and the Poycock, by Sean O'Casey. (Macmillan.) 

1926 The Land, by Victoria Sackville-West (Doubleday.) 

1927 Tarka, the Otter, by Henry Williamson. (Dutton.) 

1928 Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man, by Siegfried Sassoon. (Coward- 
McCann.) 

1929 The Stricken Deer, by Lord David Cecil. (Bobbs.) 

1930 The End of the World, by Geoffrey Dennis. (Simon & Schuster.) 

1931 Without My Cloak, by Kate O'Brien. (Doubleday.) 

1932 The Fountain, by Charles Morgan. (Knopf.) 

1933 Collected Poems, by Victoria Sackville-West. (Doubleday.) 

1934 Lost Horizon, by James Hilton. (Morrow.) 

1935 /, Claudius, by Robert Graves. (Harrison Smith.) 

1936 Edmund Campion, by Evelyn Waugh. (Little.) 

1937 A Trophy of Arms, by Ruth Fitter. (Macmillan.) 

1938 In Parenthesis, by David Michael Jones. (Faber.) 

1939 Penthesperon, by Christopher Hassall. (Heinemann.) 

1940 London Fdbrit, by James Pope-Hennessy. (Scribner.) 

1941 The Labyrinthine Ways, by Graham Greene. (Viking.) (English 
title: The Power and the Glory.) 

1942 England Is My Village, by John Llewelyn Rhys. (Reynal & 
Hitchcock.) 

1943 The Cruel Solstice and The Iron Laurel, by Sidney Keyes. 
(Routledge.) 

1944 Letters to Malaya, by Martyn Skinner. (Putnam.) 

[85] 



LITERARY PRIZES 
Heinemann Foundation for Literature Award 

For many years the Heinemann (Northcliffe) Prize was offered 
as a reciprocal gesture to the Prix Femlna-Vie Heureuse Anglais. 
Established in 1921 by Lady Northcliffe, wife of the owner of 
the London Times, this award of 40 was offered annually for 
a French work of imagination worthy of representing current 
French letters abroad. After the death of Lord Northcliffe in 
1923, there were various donors of the prize until 1934 when the 
firm of William Heinemann, Ltd., of London, assumed respon- 
sibility for the presentation and changed the name to the Heine- 
mann Prize. This prize was discontinued before World War II. 
The Heinemann Foundation for Literature Award is a new prize, 
established in 1944. 

The Foundation was established through a bequest in the will 
of the late William Heinemann, eminent British publisher. The 
Royal Society of Literature administers the trust which is "to 
encourage the production of literary works of real worth." The 
rules for the administration provide that no prize shall exceed 
the sum of 200 and that the Society is empowered to award or 
withhold prizes. Publishers will be invited to submit works in 
proof form as well as recently published 'books, but individual 
authors are not eligible to offer their work for the award. 

1945 Five Rivers, by Norman Nicholson. (Dutton.) 

1946 Prospect of Flowers, by Andrew Young. (Cape.) 

In Search of Two Characters, by Dormer Creston. (Scribner.) 

The King's Gold Medal for Poetry 

The King's Gold Medal for Poetry is offered once in three 
years, though not always awarded, by His Majesty the King, for 
a volume of poetry in English, by a British subject, published in 
the Empire, It is given for a poet's first or second book or to a 
poet under thirty-five years of age. It was instituted by King 
George V in 1934 and was continued by King George VI, but 
was suspended during the war years. 

1934 Four Walls, by Laurence Whistler. (Macmillan.) 
1937 On This Island, by Wystan Hugh Auden. (Random.) 
1040 Milton Blind, by Michael Thwaites. (Blackwell.) 

[86] 



BRITISH EMPIRE PRIZES 

The Newdigate Prize 

The Newdigate Prize Foundation was established by Sir Roger 
Newdigate, who had been a member of Parliament for Oxford 
University from 1750 to 1780. This Foundation has the distinc- 
tion of being the first one founded for the awarding of a literary 
prize. The sum of 1,000 was bequeathed by Sir Roger with 
directions that 21 of the income should be awarded each year 
to a member of Oxford University for "a copy of English verse 
of fifty lines and no more, in recommendation of the study of the 
ancient Greek and Roman remains of architecture, sculpture, and 
painting." Later, with the consent of the Newdigate heirs, the 
strict conditions governing the competition were changed. 

No woman had ever won the Newdigate Prize until the year 
1927, when Miss Gertrude Trevelyan had the distinction of being 
the first woman recipient. Since then this most famous of under- 
graduate prizes has been awarded to two other women. Among 
the recipients of the prize who later attained great distinction in 
the field of literature are such names as John Ruskin, Matthew 
Arnold, Dean Stanley, Oscar Wilde, John Buchan, Julian Huxley. 

There has been no Newdigate Prize award since the outbreak 
of war in 1939. 

1935 Canterbury j by Allan W. Plowman. (Blackwell) 

1936 Rain, by D. M. de R. Winser. (Blackwell.) 

1937 The Man in the Moon, by Margaret Stanley-Wrench. (Blackwell.) 

1938 Milton Blind, by Michael Thwaites. (Blackwell,) 

1939 Dr. Newman Revisits Oxford, by Kenneth S. Kitchin. (Blackwell.) 

The John Llewelyn Rhys Memorial Prize 

The John Llewelyn Rhys Memorial Prize was established in 

1941 from a trust left by this young airman, who was posthu- 
mously awarded the Hawthornden Prize for his book of short 
stories, England Is My Village. The prize is awarded annually 
to a man or woman under thirty, a citizen of the British Empire, 
for a memorable work, either "in achievement or in promise/' 
Entries must have been published for the first time during the 
previous calendar year and may be fiction, non-fiction, poetry or 
drama. The announcement of the award is usually made in June. 
Further information concerning the award may be obtained by 
writing to 23 Maida Avenue, London, W. 2. 

1942 Sunk by a Mine, by Michael Richey. (New York Times Magazine.) 

[87] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

1943 Beauty for Ashes, by Morwenna Donelly. (Routledge.) 

1944 The Last Inspection, by Alun Lewis. (Posthumous award.) 
(Macmillan.) 

1945 The Sea Eagle, by James Aldridge. (Little.) 

1946 My Bird Sings, by Oriel Malet. (Faber.) 

Sunday Times Literary Prize 

In 1946 the London Sunday Times inaugurated an annual prize 
of 1,000 for a book that makes an "outstanding contribution to 
English literature." In addition to the monetary award, the author 
of the winning book will receive a commemorative gold medal. 
The prize will be given for a work by a British subject published, 
during the twelve months, ending June 30, preceding the award. 
The initial award will be given for a book published for the first 
time during the period from July i, 1946 to June 30, 1947. 



[88] 



AUSTRALIA 



, S. H. Prior Memorial Prise 

The S. H. Prior Memorial Prize was established in 1934 in 
recognition of the services to Australian literature of Samuel 
Henry Prior, for many years the editor of The Sydney Bulletin. 
An annual award is given by his son, .H. K. Prior, for the most 
outstanding contribution of the year to Australian literature. 
Before the war the award amounted to 500 (Australian), but 
has now been reduced to 100. Any literary work by an Australian 
author is eligible and, for the purposes of this award, this includes 
residents of Australia and New Zealand. The Bulletin reserves 
the right to publish the winning book in serial form, but all other 
publishing rights belong to the author. No work that has already 
won a monetary prize is eligible. Full details of the contest can 
be obtained from the Trustees, S. H. Prior Memorial Prize, 
Bulletin Office, 252 George Street, Sydney, Australia. 

1935 Tiburon, by Kylie Tennant. (Endeavor.) 

1936 All that Swagger, by Miles Franklin. (Bulletin.) 

1937 No award. 

1938 No award. 

1939 Who Was Joseph Furphy?, by Miles Franklin. (Angus.) 

1940 The Pea-Pickers, by Eve Langley. (Published in America, 1946, 
as Not Yet The Moon, Button.) 

The Battlers, by Kylie Tennant. (Macmillan.) 
Lachlan Macquarie, by M. H. Ellis. 

1941 It's Harder for Girls, by Gavin Casey. (Angus.) 

1942 No award. 

1943 No award. 

1944 No award. 

1945 The Fire on the Snow, by Douglas Stewart. (Angus.) 

1946 Cookabundy* Bridge, by Brian James. 



[89] 



CANADA 



Governor-General's Literary Awards 

The Governor-General's Literary Awards were first given in 
1937, for books published during the preceding year. The awards 
were established by John Buchan, Lord Tweedsmuir, then Gov- 
ernor-General of Canada, as a permanent system of recognition 
for literary merit. All necessary arrangements, including the 
selection of judges and the making of rules, are entrusted to the 
Canadian Authors 1 Association. The awards take the form of 
bronze medals and are presented to the authors of the best books 
in four classes poetry, fiction, academic non-fiction and creative 
non-fiction published each calendar year. The authors must be 
residents of Canada. For more detailed information, inquire of 
the Canadian Authors' Association, William Arthur Deacon, 
66 Parkhurst Blvd., Toronto 12, Canada. 

FICTION 

IQ37 Think of the Earth, by Bertram B. Brooker. (Nelson.) 

1938 The Dark Weaver, by Laura G. Salverson. (Ryerson.) 

1939 Swiss Sonata, by Gwethalyn Graham. (Nelson.) 

1940 The Champlain Road, by Franklin D. McDowell. (Macmillan.) , 

1941 Thirty Acres, by Ringuet (Macmillan.) 

1942 Three Came to Ville Marie, by Alan Sullivan. (Coward, McCann.) 

1943 Little Man, by Herbert Sallans. (Humphries.) 

1944 The Pied Piper of Dipper Creek, by Thomas H. Raddall. 
(McClelland.) 

1945 Earth and High Heaven, by Gwethalyn Graham. (Lippincott.) 

1946 Two Solitudes, by Hugh MacLennan. (Duell.) 

NON-FICTION 

(From 1937 to 1942 one award was given in the field of General 
Literature. Since that time two awards have been given in the 
non-fiction field, one for creative non-fiction and one for academic 
non-fiction.) 

1937 Newspaper Pieces., by T. B. Robertson. (Macmillan.) 

1938 My Discovery of the West, by Stephen Leacock. (Hale.) 

1939 Canadian Mosaic, by J. M. Gibbon. (Dodd.) 

1940 Confessions of an Immigrant's Daughter, by Laura G. Salverson. 
(Ryerson.) 

1041 Slava Bohu, by J. F. C. Wright. (Nelson.) 

1942 Klee Wyck,*by Emily Carr. (Farrar & Rinehart) 

[90] 



BRITISH EMPIRE PRIZES 

1943 The Unknown Country, by Bruce Hutchison. (Coward, McCann.) 
The Unguarded Frontier, by Edgar Mclnnis. (Doubleday.) 

1944 The Incomplete Anglers, by John D. Robins. (Duell.) 
On Canadian Poetry, by E. K. Brown. (Ryerson.) 

1945 Partner in Three Worlds, by Dorothy Duncan. (Harper.) 
The War: Fourth Year, by Edgar Mclnnis. (Oxford.) 

1046 Gauntlet to Overlord, by Ross Munro. (Macmillan.) 

We Keep a Light, by Evelyn Fox Richardson, (Ryerson.) 

POETRY 

1937 No award. 

1938 The Fable of the Goats, by E. J. Pratt (Macmillan.) 

1939 By Stubborn Stars, by Kenneth Leslie. Humphries.) 

1940 Under the Sun, by Arthur S. Bourinot (Macmillan.) 

1941 Brebeuf and His Brethren, by E. J. Pratt. (Macmillan.) 

1942 Calling Adventurers, by Anne Marriott (Ryerson.) 

1943 David and Other Poems, by Earle Birney. (Ryerson.) 

1944 News of the Phoenix, by A. J. M. Smith. (Coward, McCann.) 

1945 Day and Night, by Dorothy Livesay. (Ryerson.) 

1946 Now Is Time, by Earle Birney. (Ryerson.) 

Leacock Medal for Humor 

The Leacock Memorial Committee established this annual 
award in 1946. The Medal will be awarded for the best Canadian 
book of humor of each calendar year. The first presentation will 
be made for books published during 1946. The judging will be 
done under the Governor- General's Awards Board, but the 
presentation will be separate. The Public Library of Orillia, 
Ontario is the trustee for the award. Further information may be 
obtained from William Arthur Deacon, 66 Parkhurst Blvd., 
Toronto 12, Canada. 

Longmans, Green Coward-McCann Prise Contest 

In June 1943, Coward-McCann, Inc. of New York and Long- 
mans, Green and Company of Toronto offered a joint prize of 
$1,000 for the best book of fiction or non-fiction by a Canadian 
citizen living in Canada or serving in the Canadian forces out- 
side Canada. The contest, with a prize of $1,000 in addition to 
royalties, was open to books on any subject, in English, or trans- 
lated from French into English. 

1944 Darkly the River Flows, by John Macdonald. (Coward-McCann.) 

[91] 



LITERARY PRIZES 
The Ryerson Fiction Award 

The Ryerson Press of Toronto offers this award to a Canadian 
author for a manuscript of merit. The manuscripts are judged by 
a representative of the Ryerson Press and a representative of the 
Canadian Authors' Association. The prize of $1,000 is given half 
as an outright prize and half on account of royalties. The com- 
petition was inaugurated to encourage native Canadian writers. 
The only restriction on subject matter is that spy, detective and 
crime stories are ineligible. Details may be obtained from the 
Ryerson Press, 299 Queen Street West, Toronto 2B, Canada. 

1942 Little Man, by Herbert Sallans. 

1943 No award. 

1944 No award. 

1945 Day of Wrath, by Philip Child. 

Here Stays Good Yorkshire, by Will R. Bird. 

1946 No award. 



Royal Society of Canada Medal Awards 

The Royal Society of Canada awards five medals, two of which 
are of particular interest to the literary world, the other three 
being for scientific achievement. These medals are usually awarded 
annually, but not necessarily so, if, in the opinion of the com- 
mittee in charge, no person has made a contribution worthy of 
such honor. The Lome Pierce Medal is given for accomplish- 
ments in imaginative or critical literature and the Tyrrell Medal 
for outstanding work in connection with the history of Canada. 
The other three are the Flavelle Medal, established in 1925, for 
original research in the biological sciences; the Henry Marshall 
Tory Medal, established in 1943, for outstanding contributions to 
some branch of physics, chemistry, mathematics, astronomy, or 
allied sciences ; and the Willet G. Miller Medal, also established 
in 1943, to North American residents who have completed and 
published outstanding research in geology, mineralogy, or allied 
sciences. For complete details, address the Royal Society of 
Canada, National Research Building, Ottowa, Ontario, Canada. 

[92] 



BRITISH EMPIRE PRIZES 
THE LORNE PIERCE MEDAL 

This medal is the gift of Dr. Lome Pierce of Toronto, and is 
awarded to Fellows of the Royal Society of Canada, or others 
who are Canadian citizens, for achievement of special significance 
and conspicuous merit in imaginative or critical literature. Works 
may be in French or English, with preference to Canadian 
subjects. Previous winners of this award can be found in the 
1939 edition of Famous Literary Prizes and Their Winners. 

1939 Wilfred Bovey. 

1940 E. J. Pratt. 

1941 Leon Gerln. 

1942 Watson Kirkconnell. 

1943 George H. Clarke. 

1944 Audrey Alexandra Brown. 

1945 L'Abbe Felix-Antoine Savard. 

1946 Charles N. Cochrane. 

TYRRELL MEDAL 

The Tyrrell Medal is the gift of J. B. Tyrrell of Toronto, and 
is awarded by the Royal Society of Canada for research work in 
Canadian history, in French or English, whether published or not, 
and may include works of biography and the collection of histori- 
cal material. Preference is given to a Canadian citizen, but the 
winner is not necessarily a Canadian. Previous winners of this 
award can be found in the 1939 edition of Famous Literary 
Prizes and Their Winners. 

1939 E.-Z. Massicotte. 

1940 Chester Martin. 

1941 Arthur S. Morton. 

1942 D. C. Harvey. 

1943 Gu stave Lanctot. 

1944 Harold A. Innis. 

1945 Fred Landon. 

1946 A. L. Burt 



NEW ZEALAND 



Esther Glen Award 

At its annual conference early in 1945, the New Zealand 
Library Association announced the establishment of an award to 
be made each year to the author of the most distinguished contri- 
bution to New Zealand literature for children. The award is named 
in honor of Esther Glen, New Zealand author and editor of the 
children's page in the Christchurch Sun. The first award was made 
during Book Week in November 1945 

1945 The Book of Wiremu, by Stella Morice. (Paul's Book Arcade.) 



[94] 



CONTINENTAL PRIZES 



CZECHOSLOVAKIA 



Czechoslovak State Prise 

The Czechoslovak State Prizes have been awarded annually 
since 1920 on October twenty-eighth, Czechoslovak Independence 
Day, for the most outstanding works of the year in many artistic 
fields. The State Prizes are given for literary works poetry, 
fiction, essays, drama for stage productions, outstanding acting, 
operatic works, musical compositions, musical performances, as 
well as for films, painting and sculpture. The 'best-known and 
finest Czechoslovak writers were former recipients of the litera- 
ture prizes Karel Capek, Josef Capek, Vladislav Vancura, to 
mention but a few. During the war the government-in-exile, 
anxious to further the artistic, musical and literary life of its 
people abroad and to encourage the friends of its people in other 
countries who interpret Czechoslovak creative achievements and 
traditions, continued the award. The prize, formerly in money 
(5,000 crowns), now takes the form of a small bronze bust of 
T. G. Masaryk. 

In 1945, in place of the awards, Dr. Zdenek Nejedly, Minister 
of Education and Culture, published a decree paying tribute to 
the Czechoslovak artists and scientists who were killed fighting 
their oppressors and to those who died in prison camps. This 
roster included over a hundred names in the fields of literature, 
music, theater, creative art and architecture, and science. 

1940 Czechoslovakia: Twenty Years of Independence, by Robert J. 
Kerner. (Univ. of Calif. Press.) 

1941 To Sing with the Angels arid We Shall Live Again, by Maurke 
Hindus. (Doubleday.) 

1942 No award. 

1943 Czechoslovakia in European History, by Dr. S. Harrison Thomson. 
(Princeton Univ. Press,) 

1944 No award. 

1945 See above. 



[97] 



FRANCE 



French Academy Prices 

The literary prizes awarded annually by the French Academy 
total one hundred and fifty in number, a list too extensive to be 
included here. The Novel Prize has always been the one attracting 
most attention and the winning book has often been translated 
into English. The Grand Prize for Literature amounts to 10,000 
francs, the largest monetary award given by the Academy. The 
Academy was founded in the seventeenth century and its prizes 
have been given for many years. 

GRAND PRIZE FOR LITERATURE 

This annual prize of 10,000 francs is given by the French 
Academy to a writer of prose or to a poet for either a single 
work or for many works of high inspiration and distinguished 
style. The prize may not be divided. If, in any year, the prize is 
not awarded, the sum is used to increase the endowment of other 
Academy prizes. 

1919 Jerome and Jean Tharaud. 1933 Henri Duvernois. 

1920 Edmorid Jaloux. 1934 Henry de Montherlant. 

1921 Comtesse de Noailles. 1935 Andre' Snares. 

1922 Pierre Lasserre. 1936 Pierre Camo. 

1923 Francois Porche". 1937 Maurice Magre. 

1924 Abel Bonnard. 1938 Tristan' Dereme. 

1925 General Mangin. 1939 Jacques Boulenger. 

1926 Gilbert de Voisins. ' 1940 Edmond Pilon. 

1927 Joseph de Pesquidoux. 1941 Gabriel Faure. 

1928 Jean-Louis Vaudoyer. T94 2 Jean Schlumberger. 

1929 Henri Massis. 1943 Jean PreVost. 

1930 Marie-Louise Pailleron. 1944 Andre Billy. 

1931 Raymond Escholien 1945 Jean Paulhan. 

1932 Franc-Nohain. 1946 Henry Daniel-Rops. 

NOVEL PRIZE 

This annual prize of 5^000 francs is given by the French 
Academy to a young writer of prose for a work of imagination 
and high inspiration. If not awarded in any year, the amount is 
to be carried over to the next year when two prizes may be 
awarded. Any unused amount is used to increase the endowment 
of open competitions in prose. 

1919 Pierre Benoit. 1921 Pierre Villetard. 

1920 Madame Andre Corthis. 1922 Francis Carco. 

[98] 



CONTINENTAL PRIZES 



1923 
1924 

1925 
1926 
1927 
1928 
1929 
1930 
1931 
1932 

1933 
1934 



Alphonse de Chateaubriant 1935 

Emile Henriot 1936 

Frangois Duhourcan. 1937 

Frangois Matiriac. 1938 

Joseph KesseL 1939 

Jean Balde. 1940 

Andre Demaisoru 1941 

Jacques de Lacretelle, 1942 

Henri Pour rat. 1943 

T'sterstevens. 1944 

Roger Chativire. 1945 

Madame Paule Regnier. 1946 



Albert Toudbard. 

Georges Bernanos. 

Guy de Pourtales. 

Jean Mallart de la Varende. 

Antoine de Saint-Exupery. 

Edouard Peisson. 

Robert Bourget-Pailleron. 

Jean Blanzat. 

Joseph Henri Louwyck. 

Pierre Lagarde. 

Marc Blancpain. 

Orieux. 



The Goncourt Prize 



The Goncourt Prize of 5,000 francs has long been one of the 
most coveted literary prizes in France. Its annual award in De- 
cember is eagerly awaited and predictions of winners are as rife 
as the violently dissenting opinions following the decision. The 
Goncourt selection of the best novel has been said to exert more 
influence on the literary taste and tendencies of the time than 
the 150 prizes of the French Academy. 

The Goncourt Academy was founded by Edmond de Goncourt 
and his brother, Jules, who were the creators of the "impression- 
ist" school of fiction. The Academy was to consist of ten members 
who were to confer an annual award of 5,000 francs upon "the 
best work of imagination in prose, and exclusively in prose, pub- 
lished during the year, which best exemplified youth, boldness 
and talent." After seven years of litigation the Goncourt Academy 
was finally organized and the first award was made in 1903. 

The Goncourt Academy was founded more or less in opposition 
to the French Academy. The founders wanted it to represent in- 
dependent literature as opposed to the "official and fashionable" 
authors of the French Academy. The pomposity of that sacro- 
sanct body, who call themselves the Forty Immortals, was offset 
by the bohemianism of the half -score of non- conforming writers 
who held their meetings, not in the Mazarin Palace, but in 
Drouant's restaurant and who had, instead of public lectures, 
nothing but a monthly lunch. 

The earliest award of the Goncourt Academy was made in 
keeping with the defiant tradition of the Goncourts. The prize 
was given to a novel dealing with insanity, a book unwholesome 
in tone and written in an extravagant style. Afterwards the 

[99] 



LITERARY PRIZES 

Goncourt academicians confessed their mistake in making such a 
freakish selection and in later years they tended to crown books 
that have been widely acceptable. The Goncourt Prize has always 
been given to a young beginner, never to an old established author. 

Monsieur J. H. Rosny, Sr., former president of the Goncourt 
Academy, who died in 1940, published his Memoirs de la Vie 
Litteraire, containing the history of the Goncourt Academy. 

Prize winners from 1903 through 1938 may be found in the 
1939 edition of Famous Literary Prizes and Their Winners. 

1939 Les Enfants Gates, by Phillipe Heriat 

1940 Les Grandes Vacances, by Francis Ambriere. (Awarded in 1946. 
The prize money for 1940 was held until after the war, to be given 
to the best book by a former war prisoner or deportee,) 

1941 Vent de Mars, by Henri Pourrat 

1942 Pareils & des Enfants t by Marc Bernard. 

1943 Passage de VHomme, by Marius Grout. 

1944 No award. 

1945 Le Premier Accroc Coute 200 Francs, by Elsa Triolet. 

1946 Mon Village a YHeure Allemande, by Jean-Louis Bory. 

Prix Femina'Vie Heureuse 

The French Prix Femina-Vie Heureuse of 5,000 francs was 
founded in 1904 by a group of French women writers and was 
awarded for the best work of imagination in the French language, 
prose or poetry, by a man or woman. It was offered by two French 
periodicals, Femina and La Vie Heureuse. The list of prize win- 
ners from 1904-1938 is given in the 1939 edition of Literary 
Prizes and Their Winners. 

In 1919 the Femina committee voted to extend their prize to 
foreign countries, establishing in that year the Prix Femina-Vie 
Heureuse Anglais, later known as the Stock Prize, and in 193,2 
the Prix Femina American. Reciprocal prizes were established in 
England and the United States. The Heinemann (Northcliffe) 
Prize is described on page 86. The America-France Award was 
discontinued in 1936, after three awards had been made. For 
details see the 1939 edition of Famous Literary Prizes and Their 
Winners. 

1939 La Rose de la Mer f by Paul Vialar, 
1940-1944 No awards. 

1945 Les Editions de Minuit (Refused the award.) 
1046 Le Chemin du Soleil, by Ann-Marie Monnet. 

fioo] 



PORTUGAL 



The Camoes Prise 

This prize is given by the Portuguese government for the best 
literary or scientific work by a foreign author published in English, 
French, German, Portuguese, Spanish or Italian on the sub- 
ject of "Portugal", its history, art, architecture, culture, or any 
other aspect of the country. 

The award has a monetary value of 20,000 escudos (approxi- 
mately 200 at the 1943 rate of currency exchange). It was 
founded as a memorial to Luis Camoes, i6th century Portuguese 
poet. The prize is awarded biennially by a jury consisting of six 
Portuguese writers of recognized merit, together with the director 
of the Secretariado da Propaganda Nacional. The winning author 
is invited to visit Lisbon for personal presentation of the award. 
In 1946 the prize will be awarded for the years 1944 and 1945. 

1937 Portugal, by Gonzague de Reynold. 

1939 I Gathered No Moss, by John Gibbons. (Hale.) 

1941 La Revolution Portuguesa, by Jesus Pabon. 

1943 Land of Prester John, by Elaine Sanceau. (Knopf.) 



SWEDEN 



Swedish Novel Prise 

The Ljus Publishing 1 Company, Stockholm, in cooperation with 
the Thomas Y. Crowell Company, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and 
George G. Harrap and Company, Ltd., London, offered $25,000 
(the largest monetary award, except for the Nobel Prize, ever 
offered in Scandinavia) for a novel. The contest, which closed 
May I, 1946, was open only to authors writing in the Scandinavian 
languages and provided for book and film rights. The book will 
be published in Sweden, Norway, France, and the Netherlands. 

1946 In the Last Moment, by Thore Ericsson. 

Echo of a Voice, by Nanna Lindef jeld. Extra award. 

[101] 



U. S. S. R. 



Stalin Prises 

The Stalin Prizes were instituted in 1939 by the order of the 
Council of the People's Commissars of the U. S. S. R. in honor 
of the sixtieth birthday of Joseph Stalin, and were first awarded 
in 1941. Over one hundred and fifty prizes are awarded annually 
in various fields science, invention, music, films, medicine, 
theater, dance, art and literature. In 1942 eighteen first prizes of 
100,000 rubles each were given in the field of art and literature. 

Not all of the prize-winning books have been translated or 
published in the United States. Therefore, the list below includes 
only those which are available in translation, and is as complete 
as possible within this limitation. 

Fall of Paris, by Ilya Ehrenburg. (Knopf.) 

Taras* Family, by Boris Gorbatov. (Cattell.) 

Two Captains, by Benjamin' Kaverin. (Modern Age.) 

The Front, by Alexander Koraeichuk. (Macmillan.) 

Chariot of Wrath and Road to the Ocean, by Leonid Leonov. (Fischer.) 

(Prize won for untranslated work.) 
Twelve Months, by Samuel Marshak. (Yale.) 
Pugavhev, by Anatole Shishkov. (Crowell.) 
Quiet Flows the Don, by Mikhail A. Sholokhov. (Knopf.) 
Days and Nights, by Konstantin Simonov. (Simon & Schuster.) 
The Russian People, by Konstantin Simonov. (Macmillan.) 
Soul of the Sea, by Leonid Sobolev. (Lippincott.) 
Road to Calvary, by Alexei Tolstoy. (Knopf.) 
The Rainbow, by Wanda Wasielewska, (Simon & Schuster.) 



Further Information on Foreign Awards 

Information concerning literary prizes and their winners in 
foreign countries may be obtained from Books Abroad, a publi- 
cation of the University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. 
This magazine, which reviews books published in all countries 
outside the United States, is published quarterly and for the past 
dozen years has carried annually in its Winter Number a section 
called "Literary Landmarks" which includes news of international 
prizes. 

[102] 



LATIN AMERICAN PRIZES 



LATIN AMERICAN PRIZES 

There are many literary prizes given in all of Latin America, 
sponsored by countries, cities, book trade associations, libraries, 
periodicals and publishing houses. During the past few years it 
has been impossible to compile accurate and complete information 
about these awards. The Winter Number of Books Abroad, pub- 
lished by the University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, car- 
ries rather extensive information on the miscellaneous prizes 
given in Latin America. 

Latin American Prise Novel Contest 

Farrar and Rinehart, the Division of Intellectual Cooperation 
of the Pan American Union and Redbook Magazine announced 
in 1940 a prize contest for the best book, preferaby a novel, by a 
Latin American author. The competition, which offered a prize 
of $2,500, was judged by an international jury consisting of 
Ernesto Montenegro, Blair Niles, and John Dos Passos. 

In 1943 the prizes consisted of $2,000 for the -best novel, $2,000 
for the best work of non-fiction, and $1,000 for the best children's 
book. 

1941 El Mundo es Ancho y Ajeno (Broad and Alien is the World), by 

Giro Alegria of Chile. 
1943 Fiction: Canape-Vert, by Pierre Marcelitt and Philippe Thoby- 

Marcelin of Haiti. 

Non-fiction: Peregrinaje, by Argentina t>iaz Lozarido of Honduras. 

Juvenile: Lautaro: El Joven Libertador de Aranco, by Fernando 

Alegria of Chile, 



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INDEX 

A. B. A. National Book Awards 12 

Abingdon-Cokesbury Annual Award 109 

Abingdon-Cokesbury Award 37 

Academy of American Poets Award 65 

Adams, Herbert Baxter, Prize - 13 

Alderi Award 72 

All-Nations Prize Novel Contest . 37 

America-France Award - 100 

American Academy & National Institute Grants 11 

American Academy of Arts and Letters 9 

American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal 9 

American Historical Association Prizes 13 

Anderson, Maxwell, Award 73 

Anderson, Miles McKinnori, Award 73 

Anisfield-Wolf Awards 15 

Atlantic Awards in Literature SI 

"Atlantic First" Story Award - 38, 109 

Atlantic Monthly Little, Brown Non-Fiction Contest 38 

Atlantic Monthly Novel Prize 37, 109 

Atlantic Monthly Prizes 37 

Award for Distinguished Achievement 10 

Award of Merit Medal 9 

Barnes, A. S., Servicemen's Poetry Contest 38 

Beer, George Louis, Prize 14 

Benet, Stephen Vincent, Award 73 

Beveridge, Albert J., Memorial Prize 14 

Black, James Tait, Memorial Prizes SI 

Bland, Edward, Memorial Fellowship Prize 66 

Blumenthal, Oscar, Prize 66 

Bross Foundation Prize - 16, 109 

Bruce Extension Novel Prize ~ 39 

Bruce Publishing Company Fellowships - 39, 113 

Bruce Publishing Company Prizes 39 

Burroughs, John, Medal - - 1' 

Caldecott Medal 57 

California Medals 1' 

Camoes Prize - 1 01 

Carey-Thomas Award 39 

Carnegie Medal S3 

Carver, George Washington, Memorial Award .44, 110 

Catholic Literary Award 19 

Child Study Association Award 57 

Columbia Pictures 109 

Coward-McCann 91 

Crawshay, Rose Mary, Prize S3 

Crowell, Thomas Y., Company 101 

Crowell, Thomas Y., Fiction Fellowships 4(X 

Crowell's United Services Book Contest I 09 

Czechoslovak State Prize 
Dial Press Awards 

[us] 



INDEX 

(Continued) 

Dodd, Mead Awards 41 

Dodd, Mead Intercollegiate Literary Fellowship 42, 113 

Dodd, Mead Non-Fiction Fellowships 41 

Dodd, Mead Red Badge Contest 42, 109 

Dodd, Mead Redbook Novel Award 41, 109 

Doubleday, Kenyan Review Short Story Contest , 43, 110 

Doubleday Prize Novel Award 43, 110 

Doubleday Prizes 43 

Doubleday, Twentieth Century-Fox New Writers Contest 44 

Doubleday's George Washington Carver Memorial Award 43, 110 

Downey Award 58 

Dunning, John H., Prize 15 

Dutton Prizes 44 

Dutton Sports Story Award 45, 110 

Dutton's Lewis & Clark Northwest Contest ....:. 44, 110 

Dutton's Thomas Jefferson Southern Award 44, 110 

Eerdmans' Evangelical Book Award 110 

Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine Short Story Award 78, 112 

Etherege Award . 74 

Extension Magazine 39 

Eyre and Spottiswoode Fellowships 84 

Farrar and Rinehart 45, 105 

Farrar, Straus Twentieth Century-Fox Fellowship Awards 113 

Fell, Frederick, Prize Novel Contest 45 

First Appearance Prize 67 

Ford, Julia Ellsworth, Foundation Prize 58, 110 

Foreign' Awards, Further Information 102 

French Academy Prizes 98 

Friends of American Writers Award 20 

Glen, Esther, Award 94 

Gollancz, Sir Israel, Memorial Prize . 84 

Goncourt Prize 99 

Governor-General's Literary Awards 90 

Gray, Henry David, Award 74 

Greenwood Prize 84 

Guarantors Prize .... - - 67 

Guggenheim Memorial Fellowships 20, 113 

Guggenheim Post-Service Fellowships , 22 

Harper Prize Novel Contest 46, 111 

Harper Prizes 46 

Harper's Eugene Saxton Memorial Fellowships 46, 113 

Harper's 125th Anniversary Non-Fiction Award 46 

Harrap, George G., and Co., Ltd 101, 109 

Hawthornderi Prize ... . 85 

Heinemann Foundation for Literature Award 86 

Hopwood Prizes 22, 111 

Houghtori Mifflin Life in America Awards .47, 111 

Houghtori Mifflin Literary Fellowships * 48, 113 

Houghton Mifflin Prizes .... .. .. ............ ................................ 47 

[116] 



INDEX 
(Continued} 

Houghton Mifflin, Southwest Review Contest 111 

Howard, Sidney, Memorial Award . 71 

Howclls, William Dean, Medal 10 

Intercollegiate Literary Fellowships , 42, 113 

Jefferson, Thomas, Southern Award 44, 110 

John Day Foreign Service Prke 49 

Journalists Fellowships Awards 113 

Junior Scholastic Magazine Gold Seal Award , 59 

Kenyon Review 43, 1 10 

King's Gold Medal for Poetry 86 

Knopf Literary Fellowships 49, 114 

Laetare Medal , 23 

Latin American Prize Novel Contest 105 

Leacock Medal for Humor 91 

League to Support Poetry 65, 111 

Levinson Prize - 67 

Lewis and Clark Northwest Contest 44, 110 

Life in America Awards ~ 47, 111 

Limited Editions Club Gold Medal 24 

Little, Brown 38, 78 

Ljus Publishing Company 101 

Loines, Russell, Memorial Fund 11 

Longmans, Green Coward-McCann Prize Contest ~ 91 

Loubat Prizes , ~ 24, 111 

Macmillan Centenary Awards 50 

McGraw-Hill Nursing Award ~ 50 

Memorial Fellowship, American Historical Association 15 

Messner Award ~ 51 

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 75, 101, 111 

M-G-M Novel Award _ 75, 111 

Monroe, Harriet, Lyric Prize ~ 67 

Monroe, Harriet, Poetry Award , 65 

Mystery Novel Award 24 

National Institute Fellowships 10 

National Institute Gold Medal 10 

National Institute of Arts and Letters * 9 

New York Drama Critics Circle Award 71 

New York Herald-Tribune Children's Book Awards 61 

New York University Literature Prize 25 

Newbery, John, Medal *. 60 

Newdigate Prize 87 

Nobel Prize 3 

Northcliffe Prize 86 

Northwest Contest 44, 110 

Norton Medical Award * ~ 51 

O. Henry Memorial Award 77 

Ohioana Awards 25 

Pan American Union ~ 105 

Pacific Northwest Award 63 



IND EX 
(Continued) 



42, 




Parents' Magazine Medal 

Partisan Review 

Pellegrini and Cudahy Fellowships 

Pierce, Lome, Medal 

Playwrights' Company 

Poe, Edgar Allan, Award 

Poetry Magazine Awards 

Poetry Society of America Awards 

Prentice-Hall, Sewanee Review Contest 
Prior, S. H., Memorial Prize 
Prix Femina Americain ..... 

Prix Femina-Vie Heureuse 

Prix Femina-Vie Heureuse Anglais 

Pro Parvulis Book Club 

Pulitzer Prizes 

Putnam Award 

Putnam's, G. P., Sons 

Red Badge Contest 

Redb ook .. . - 

Reynal and Hitchcock Non-Fiction Prize 53 

Reynal and Hitchcock Prizes : 53 

Rhys, John Llewelyn, Memorial Prize 87 

Ridge, Lola, Memorial Award 68 

Rinehart, Mary Roberts, Mystery Prize Contest 45 

Rinehart Scholarships 53 

Roosevelt Medal 32 

Royal Society o Canada Medal Awards 92 

Ryerson Fiction Award 92 

Saturday Review of Literature 15, 53 

Saxton, Eugene, Memorial Fellowships 46, 113 

Scien ce Illustrated 55 

Scribner Prize in American History 54 

Sergei, Charles H., Award 72, 112 

Sewanee Review ... 52 

Shelley Memorial Award 68 

Simon and Schuster Fellowship Fund 54, 114 

Skinner, Constance Lindsay, Award 32 

Southern Authors' Award 33 

Southern Award -44, 1 10 

Southwest Review Ill 

Southwestern Fellowship Award 114 

Sports Story Award 45, 110 

Spring Book Festival ...... . .... ..,..... .... ...... . 61 

Stalin P rizes 102 

Stanford University Awards 72, 112 

Stevens, Thomas Wood, Award 74 

Stock Prize 100 

Sunday Times Literary Prize 88 

[n8] 



INDEX 
(Continued) 

Swedish Novel Prize . 

Tietjens, Eunice, Memorial Prize .......... 

Twentieth Century-Fox .... 

Tyrrell Medal _,- 

United Services Book Contest 

Watkins, Ann, Fellowships 

Watumull Foundation Triennial Prize 

Westminster Press Annual Award for Fiction 

White, James Terry, Medal 

White, William Allen, School of Public Information, 
Whittlesey House 15th Anniversary Fellowships 
Whittlesey House Southwestern Fellowship Award.... 

Winsor, Justin, Prize 

Women's National Book Association 

Writers' Conferences 

Yale Series of Younger Poets 

Young Reader's Choice Award 

Younger Poets Prize 

"Youth Today" Contest .. 





116738