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Permanent Exhibition 


A Constant Succession of Works by the best Artists. 


14-7 East 23ci Street, Nev^ York. 

J. H ARRISON MILLS. Directop. 


is always pure and reliable, and is the best and most popular Ice 
Cream in the world. Try it— you will like it. 

Depots: 305 Fourth Ave., 598 Sixth Ave., 302 Columbus Ave., 
142 West 125th St., 115 Park Row, N.Y., and 495 Fulton St. 

Telephone at each address. 

T. A. WiLMURT & Son, 

54 East 13th Street, Ne\v York. 



Paintings Restored. Regilding and Repairing neatly done. 

Water Colors, Engravings and Photographs Mounted 

AND Framed. 


Loan Exhibition 




Ube ftntcbetbocliec pxeae. 

General Committee on 
Loan Exhibition. 

Samuel P. Avery, 
James A. Garland, 
Thomas B. Clarke, 

Alfred E. M. Purdy, 
Henry G. Marquand, 
Heber R. Bishop, 

Parke Godwin. 


THOMAS W. WOOD, President, 

F. D. MILLET, Vice-President, 

J. C. NICOLL, Corresponding Secretary, 

GEO. H. SMILLIE, Recording Secretary, 

ALFRED JONES, Treasurer. 

Eastman Johnson, 
Louis C. Tiffany, 
George W. Maynard, 

John Rogers, 

Edwin H. Blashfield, 

H. Bolton Jones 


George W. Maynard, J. C. Nicoll. 

Introductory Note. 

Over a year ago the Council discussed the desira- 
bility of holding, during the summer of 1893, an 
exhibition that would fairly represent the class of 
art objects owned by private collectors in this city, 
and early last winter the project took shape in the 
hands of a few gentlemen who met at the Century 
Club and after a number of conferences appointed 
a small committee for action, consisting of Messrs. 
Samuel P. Avery, Jas. A. Garland, Thomas B. 
Clarke, and the Secretary of the Academy. These 
gentlemen at once took the matter in charge, and, 
with the cordial assistance of members of the General 
Committee, whose names appear on the preceding 
page, have secured a most valuable and interesting 

It has been the aim of those in charge to show a 
moderate number of carefully selected objects prop- 
erly displayed, rather than a more extensive exhi- 
bition of those more commonly shown. 

Should any profits arise, they will be given to the 
Academy for much needed improvements in its 
schools and other departments. 

Works have been loaned by the following persons: 


Permanent Fund. 

The Permanent Fund is devoted to the purchase 
and improvement of real estate used by the Academy, 
and for no other purpose, except that any income 
from the Fund may be used for current expenses. 

It is in charge of trustees chosen by donors to the 
fund, with the President, Secretary, and Treasurer as 
ex-officio trustees. 

A contribution of twenty-five thousand dollars 
constitutes the donor a trustee for life, with twenty- 
five admissions to every exhibition, and five cards to 
each reception given by the Academy. Also three 
free scholarships to the Art Schools. 

A contributor of one thousand dollars receives 
ten admissions to every exhibition, and two cards to 
each reception, and one free scholarship. 

A contributor of five thousand dollars receives 
the same privileges, with the right to transmit them 
to a legal heir in perpetuity. 

The Belmont Collection. 

The collection of paintings made by the late Hon. 
August Belmont has been known for many years 
throughout the art world as one of the most famous 
in this country, but has been seen by but few out- 
side the owner's personal acquaintances, as he never 
loaned his pictures for promiscuous exhibition, 
although he several times opened his gallery for 
the benefit of certain charities. Once before the 
National Academy of Design has benefited by this 
liberality, in 1876, when it held a loan exhibition in 
connection with the Metropolitan Museum of Art 
(then in Fourteenth Street), for the assistance of 
both institutions ; and now the sons, Hon. Perry 
Belmont, Mr. August Belmont, and Mr. O. H. P. 
Belmont, have generously placed the collection in 
charge of the Academy, where there will be the only 
opportunity for the public to see it in its entirety 
previous to its division. 

Mr. Belmont was one of the earliest collectors of 
fine paintings in this city, and while he was United 
States Minister at The Hague he secured many 
fine examples of artists then in vogue but now 
rarely seen, and his collecting (as well as weeding 
out) continued nearly to the close of his life. This 
has resulted in bringing together a class of works of 
such solid merit that they will be always interesting, 
even without the latest fashionable (and possibly 
ephemeral) fads in art. 


South Gallery. 



DE NEUVILLE (Alphonse Marie). 

Born at St. Omer, Pas de Calais, 1836. Originally a law student 
in Paris, but later adopted art. Pupil of Picot and Pils. Made a 
specialty of military subjects. Medals 1859 and i86r. Legion of 
Honor, 1873. Officer of Legion, 1881. Died in Paris, 1885. De 
Neuville was the founder of the powerful and modern school of mili- 
tary art which has succeeded that of his master Pils and Horace 

L The Prisoners. 
CLAYS (Pierre Jean). 

Born at Bruges, 1819, Pupil of Gudin. Legion of Honor, 1875. 
Chevalier of the Order of Leopold. Medals (E. U.) 1867, 1878. 

2. Marine. . ,^1^^ ^J^, 
MICHEL (Georges). ■^ 

(Georges) Michel, whose works have only lately been admitted to 
the honors of the Luxembourg and Louvre, was the founder of Mont- 
martre as an artistic colony. He has painted it in all its aspects, but 
when Michel lived (1763 to 1843) it was a wild and unfrequented 
spot, and before his time none of the artists regarded it with any 
favor, but Michel found in it a mine of picturesqueness. After him 
came Gericault, Decamps, Jules Dupre', Theo. Rousseau, and others. 

3. Landscape. ^^ >/*'^ 

8 IRational Bca^em^ ot Design 

VAUTIER (Benjamin). 

Genre painter, born at Merges, on Lake Geneva, April 24, 1829. 
Pupil at Geneva of Hebert and of Lugardon, then (1850) in Dussel- 
dorf of the Academy and of Jordan ; studied peasant life in the 
Black Forest and in the Berne Highlands, then, attracted by Knaus, 
v^^ent in 1856 to Paris, and six months later settled in Dusseldorf. 
Has since attained a position by the side of Knaus as one of the 
great painters of popular life. Member of Berlin, Vienna, Munich, 
Antwerp, and Amsterdam Academies. Professor in 1866. Gold 
medals : Berlin, 1864 ; Paris, 1865, 1866 ; 2d class, 1867 ; ist class, 
1878 ; Order of Francis Joseph, 1868 ; Order of Red Eagle ; Order 
of St. Michael, 1869 ; L. of Honor, 1878 

School Examination. 

MEYER (Johann Hendrik Louis). 

Born in Amsterdam in 1809, died at Utrecht, April 3, 1866. 
Marine painter, pupil of Westenberg and Pieneman. Medals : Paris, 
1842, 1844, 1845 ; Angiers, 1842 ; Boulogne, 1844 ; Brussels, 1851 ; 
L. of Honor, Order of Lion, 1847 ; Order of Leopold, Commander 
Order of Oaken Crown, 1855 ; Member of St. Petersburg Academy 
in 1845. Lake of Galilee is his most important work in this country. 

5. The Shipwrecked. 

SCHREYER (Adolf). 

Was born in Frankfort-on-the-Main, May 9, 182S. Animal painter, 
pupil of Stadel Institute, Frankfort. Studied the horse in the riding- 
school and anatomically, then in Stuttgart, Munich, and Diisseldorf ; 
travelled in 1848 with Prince Thurn and Taxis through Hungary, 
Wallachia, and Southern Russia ; accompanied the Austrians on 
the march through the Danubian principalities in 1854 ; visited 
Syria and Egypt in 1S56, Algiers in 1S61 ; lived in Paris until 1S70, 
when he settled at Kronberg, near Frankfort. Member of Antwerp 
and Rotterdam Academies. Medals : Brussels, 1863 ; Paris, 1S64, 
1865, 1867 ; Munich, 1876 ; Order of Leopold, 1866 ; Court painter 
to Grand Duke of Mecklenburg, 1862. 

6. Wallachian Team. 

Soutb (Bailer^ 9 

RICO (Martin). 

Was born in Madrid. Architecture painter ; pupil of Federico 
de Madrazo ; then studied in Paris and Rome. Medals : Paris, 
Legion of Honor, 1878. Best known by Venetian subjects. 

7. Garden near Venice. 
BELLANGE (Joseph Louis Hippolvte). 

Born at Paris, iScx). Pupil of Gros, Officer of Legion of Honor. 

) 8. Wounded Voltigeur. 

DUPRE (Jules). 

Born at Nantes, 181 2. As a boy he studied design in the 
porcelain manufactory of his father, but had no other art training. 
One of the strongest and most original of the modern French school 
of landscape painters. Officer of the Legion of Honor. 

Q. Evening. 


10. French Prisoners. 

COURANT (Maurice). 

Born at Havre, 1847. Pupil of Meissonier. Medal, 1870. 

11. Coast View. 
CHAVET (J. Victor). 

Born at Aix, 1822. Pupil of Roqueplan. Medals, 1853, 1S55, 
1857. Legion of Honor, 1859. 

12. The Billiard Saloon. 

DIAZ DE LA PENA (Narciso-Virgilio). 

Born at Bordeaux of Spanish parents, in 180S. Died from the 
bite of a viper, 1876. 

Self-taught. Painted figures, but is best known by his landscapes, 
many of his most important works being owned in this country. 

Legion of Honor, 1S51. 

13. Landscape. 

10 IPlational BcaDemis of Design 

MUNKAcSY (Mihaly). 

Born at Munkacs, Hungary, October lo, 1846. Real name Michael 
Lieb. Genre and history painter ; for six years apprenticed with a 
carpenter at Arad before enabled to devote himself to art, which he 
first studied under a portrait painter at Gynla ; became pupil of 
Vienna Academy ; then, in Munich, of Franz Adam, under whose 
guidance he made rapid progress and won three first prizes ; went, 
in 1867, to Dlisseldorf and, incited by Knaus and Vautier, devoted 
himself to genre painting, and in 1869 at once established his fame 
with the Last Day of a Condemned Man. In 1872 he removed to 
Paris, where his works found great favor; in 1876 he began to take 
his subjects from Paris life, and with his Milton entered upon a new 
field, adopting also a new method of coloring. Medals : Paris, 
1870; second class, 1874; of Honor, 1877; Officer, 1878; Member 
of Munich Academy, 1881. 

14. Head of Christ. 


Born at Sandvliet near Antwerp, August 26, 1813. History and 
genre painter. Pupil of Joseph Jacops and of Antwerp Academy. 
Medals: Brussels, 1836; Paris, 1840; Order of Leopold, 1839; 
Officer, 1855 ; Order of St. Michael, 1851 ; Order of Lion, 1844 
Legion of Honor, 1862, and other medals. 

15. Marino Faliero and Angiolina Re- 
ceiving THE Sentence of Steno. 

BOSBOOM (Johannes), The Hague. 

Born at The Hague, 1817. Pupil of Van Bree. Knight of the 
Order of the Lion, of the Crown of Oak, and of the Order of 

16. Church Interior. 
SCHWARTZE (Johan Georg). 

Was born at Amsterdam, October 20, 1814, died there August 
27, 1874. Historical, genre, and portrait painter, pupil of Leutze 
in Philadelphia, whither he went with his parents early in life, then 

Soutb (Ballerg n 

studied at the Dusseldorf Academy in 1838-44 under Schadow, Sohn, 
and Lessing. Member of Amsterdam Academy in 1844. Great 
gold medal, Amsterdam, i860. 

17. Portrait of a Head. 


18. Horse Market. 


Born at Poncin (Ain), May 31, 1838. Genre painter, pupil of 
Gleyre ; paints fresh and brightly colored pictures of trivial sub- 
jects. Medals : 3d class, 1863 ; 2d class, 1874. 

19. The Toilet. 

MEYER (J. H. Louis). 

20. Sunset. 


21. The Hunt Equipage. 

FRERE (Pierre Edouard). 

Born at Paris, i8ig ; died 1893. Pupil of Delaroche. A popu- 
lar painter of subjects taken from humble life in France. Legion of 
Honor, 1855. 

22. Industry. 
BOUGEREAU (William Adolphe). 

Born at La Rochelle, 1825. Pupil of Picot. Grand Prize of 
Rome, 1850. Legion of Honor, 1859. Member of the Institute of 
France, 1876. Officer of the Legion of Honor, 1876. Medal of 
Honor, Exposition Universelle, 1878, Knight of the Order of 
Leopold, 1881. 

The Twins is one of his most popular works, well known from 
numerous reproductions. 

23. The Twins. 

12 National BcaDemi? of Wceign 

MILLET (Jean Francois). 

Born at Greville, October 4, 1814. Genre painter. Pupil of Dela- 
roche. A peasant himself in origin, his representations of peasant 
life were painted with a comprehension of its pathos such as no 
other painter has reached. His best work began in 1849 with con- 
tributions to the Salon, which were continued up to 1870. Medals, 
1853, 1864, 1867. Legion of Honor, 1868. 

24. Peasant at Work. 

ROBERT (Louis Leopold). 

Was born at La Chaux-de-Fonds, Neuchatel, Switzerland, May 
13, 1794 ; died in Venice, March 25, 1835. Genre painter, pupil of 
David in Paris, whither he had gone with the engraver, Charles 
Ghirardet, his first instructor. After winning the second grand prix 
for engraving (18 14), and frequenting for a short time the studio of 
Gros in 1815, he returned home, where he painted many excellent 
portraits and found a patron in M. Roullet Mezerac, who offered 
him the means to go to Rome in 1818 ; there he devoted himself to 
painting scenes from the life of the people. This he did with a 
poetry which raised his popular subjects to the dignity of history, and 
made him equal to the foremost artists of his time. In 1824 he won 
the first prize in Paris. Medal, Paris, 1822. Legion of Honor, 1831. 

25. The Gypsy. 

VERNET (Emile Jean Horace). 

History and genre painter, born in Paris, June 30, 1789 ; died 
there January 17, 1863. Son and pupil of Carle Vernet, and pupil of 
Moreau and Vincent. In 1812 he won a first medal by his Taking of 
an Intrenched Camp. In 1814 Napoleon decorated him with the Cross 
of the Legion of Honor for gallant conduct at the defence of the 
Barriere de Clichy, which battle he subsequently painted in 1820. 
In 1826 he became a member of the Institute ; in 1828-1839 ^^ ^^'^s 
director of the French Academy in Rome. Ofificer Legion of Honor, 
1825 ; Commander, 1842 ; Grand Ofificer, 1862 ; Medal of Honor, 
Paris Exhibition, 1855. 

26. The Storming of Cairo. 

Soutb (Bailers 13 

TROYON (Constant). 

Landscape and animal painter. Born at Sevres, August 28, iSio ; 
died in Paris, February 21 March, 1865. Pupil of Riocreux and 
Poupart, and influenced by Roqueplan to study nature, for which 
he showed an individual feeling in his first exhibited works, 1836. 
Visited Holland in 1847 and completed his education. After 1848 
introduced cattle into his landscapes. Rose to be one of the greatest 
of modern French landscape painters. Medals: third class, 183S ; 
second class, 1840 ; first class, 1846, 1848, 1855 ; Legion of Honor, 

27. Cattle Grazing. 

MEISSONIER (Jean Louts Ernest), R. A. 

Born in Lyons, February 21, 1S15. Genre painter. Pupil of Leon 
Cogniet. Medals 1840, 1841, 1843, 1848, 1855, 1867, 1878. Legion 
of Honor, 1846 ; Officer, 1856 ; Commander, 1867 ; Grand Officer, 
1878. Member of Institute, 1861 ; Munich Academy, 1867 ; 
Honorary Member Royal Academy, London, and other academies. 

28. The Chess Players. 

BLES (David). 

Born at the Hague, September 19, 1821. Genre painter. Pupil 
of Kruseman. Studied in Paris 1841-43. Afterwards visited Bel- 
gium and England. Order of Iron Crown, 1850; Leopold, 1855 ; 
Legion of Honor, 1870. 

29. Domestic Scene. 

MADOU (Jean Baptiste). 

Born in Brussels, January 26, 1796 ; died there April 3, 1877. 
Genre painter, pupil of P. J. C. Francois. His genre scenes from 
i8th century are often humorous. Member of Brussels and Ant- 
werp academies. Medal and Legion of Honor, 1855 ; Orderof Lion 
Commander of Order of Leopold, 1863. 

30. The Guard House. 

14 IRatfonal BcaDem^ of ©eelgn 

ROUSSEAU (Pierre Etienne Theodore). 

Born in Paris, April 15, 1812 ; Died at Barbizon, December 22, 
1867. Landscape painter, pupil of Remond 1826, and of Lethiere. 
Medals, 1834, 1849, 1855 ; of honor, 1867 ; Legion of Honor, 1852. 

31. Landscape. L^.*^^ 

LEYS (Baron Hendrik). 

Born in Antwerp, February 18, 1815 ; died there August 25, i86g. 
History and genre painter, pupil of his brother-in-law, F. de Brack- 
eleer, and of Antwerp Academy under Wappers ; at first adhered to 
the style of the former, but afterwards imitated the French roman- 
ticists and the old Flemish masters. In 1835-39 he visited Paris 
and Holland ; in 1852, 1859 and 1863, Germany ; in 1855, Paris ; 
in 1862, London. Great gold medal in Brussels, 1835, Paris 1855 
and 1867 ; Order of Leopold, 1840 ; Officer, 1856 ; Commander, 1867 ; 
Legion of Honor, 1862 ; made Baron in 1862. Member of the 
Brussels Academy in 1845. ^ ' M -^ \> J 

32. Marguerite Leaving Church. 

WYLD (William). 

Was born in London ; contemporary. Landscape and archi- 
tecture painter ; studied mostly in travelling in Italy, Spain, and 
Algiers, and settled in Paris. His water-colors are especially credit- 
able. Medals: 3d class, Paris, 1839; 2d class, 184 1 ; Legion of 
Honor, 1855. 

33. Landscape. 

PIENEMAN (Jan Willem). 

Born near Amsterdam, 1779. History and portrait painter. 
Pupil of Amsterdam Academy, where he won several medals. 
Mostly self-taught. Director of the Royal Gallery at the Hague in 
1815 and of the Amsterdam Academy in 1820. 

34. Death-Bed of William of Orange. 

Soutb Gallery 15 

DAUBIGNY (Charles FRANgois). 

Born in Paris, 1817. Died, 1878. Pupil of his father and of 
Delaroche. Officer of the Legion of Honor, Famous for his 
landscape paintings and etchings, many of which are owned by 

35. Morning Landscape. 

MADOU (Jean Baptiste). 

36. Old Friends. 

DECAMPS (Alexandre Gabriel). 

Born in Paris March 3, 1S03. Died at Fontainebleau August 
22, i860. History, landscape, and genre painter. Pupil of Abel 
de Pujol, David, and Ingres. 

37. Itallan Washerwomen. 

TROYOX (Constant). 

38. Cattle Drinking. 

GEROME (Jean Leon). 

Bom Vesoul May 11, 1824. History and genre painter; pupil 
of Paul Delaroche, whom he accompanied to Rome, and of Gleyre 
after his return from Italy. Obtained a 3d class medal for his Cock 
Fight in 1847, and increased his reputation by his Anacreon in the 
following year. Then visited Russia, where he painted a successful 
picture of Russian musicians, and Egypt, whence he brought back 
valuable material afterwards treated (1857). Medals : 3d class, 
T847 ; 2d class, 1848, 1855 ; of Honor, 1867, 1874, 1878 ; for sculp- 
ture, 1878 ; Legion of Honor, 1855 ; Officer, 1867 ; Commander, 
1878 ; member of Institute, 1865. Professor in Ecole des Beaux 
Arts, 1863. 

39. Slave Market. 

i6 IRational BcaDcm^ of Besian 

KOEKKOEK (Barexd Corxelis). 

Born at Middelburg, Zealand, October ii, 1803 ; died at Cleves, 
April 5, 1862. Landscape painter, son and pupil of Johannes Her- 
manns Koekkoek (marine painter), and student of Amsterdam Acad- 
emy under Schelfhout and Van Oos ; in 1841 founded an Academy of 
Design at Cleves. Member of Rotterdam and St. Petersburg Acad- 
emies in 1840. Orders of the Lion (1839) and of Leopold (1842) ; 
Legion of Honor ; Gold Medals in Amsterdam (1840), Paris (1840 
and 1843), and The Hague. 

40. Landscape. 
STEVENS (Alfred). 

Genre painter, pupil of the Paris Ecole des Beaux Arts, then in 
Brussels of Nabez, and in Paris of Roqueplan. Was born in Brus- 
sels, May II, 1828. He acquired great fame with his graceful 
representations of elegant modern interiors, enlivened with women's 
and children's figures. Medals : Brussels, 1851 ; Paris, 3d class, 
1853 ; 2d class, 1855 ; ist class, 1867, 1878. Order of Leopold, 
1855 ; Officer, 1863, afterwards Commander. Legion of Honor, 
1863 ; Officer, 1867 ; Commander, 1878. Commander of Austrian 
Order of Francis Joseph, and of Bavarian Order of St. Michael. 

41. The Student. ^ i// 

Born at St. Marcellin (Tsere) March i, 1S23 ; died in Paris March 
26, 18S1. Genre painter, pupil of L. Cogniet ; painted life-size 
pictures of subjects taken from the life of the poor. Medals : 2d 
class, 1S61, 1863 ; Legion of Honor, 1866. 

42. The Good Sister. 


Born at Hesse Cassel, 18 15. Pupil of Schirmer, Diisseldorf 
Academy. Member of the Academies of Berlin, Amsterdam, and 
Antwerp. Knight of the Order of Leopold and the Legion of 

43. Landscape. 

Soutb (Bailer^ 17 

DETTI (Cesare). 

Born in Rome. Genre painter, pupil of Academy of San Luca, 

44. The Serenade. 
fVIBERT (Jehan GeorgksV 

Was born in Paris, Sept. 30, 1S40. Genre painter, pupil of 
Picot and Barrias. Medals : 1864, 1867, 186S ; 3d class, 187S ; Le- 
gion of Honor, 1870. 

45. The Reprimand. 

GUES' (A). 

46. The Ante-Chamber. 

DETAILLE (Jean Baptiste Edouard). 

Born at Paris, 1848. Pupil of Meissonier. Legion of Honor, 
1873. Ofificer of the Legion of Honor, 1881. 

47. Les Incroyables. 

ACHENBACH (Andreas). 

48. Coast of Sicily, Capri. 


One of the leaders of the younger Diisseldorf School, and the 
foremost genre painter in Germany. Born at Wiesbaden, Oct. 10, 
1829 Pupil of Diisseldorf Academy under Sohn and Schadow in 
1846-52, studied then in Paris until i860 ; visited Italy in 1857-58 ; 
lived in Berlin in 1861-66, and at Diisseldorf from 1866 to 1874. 
Professor at the Berlin Academy from 1874 to 1884, when he re- 
signed. Member of the V^ienna, Berlin, Munich, Amsterdam, Ant- 
werp, and Christiania Academies. Medals: Paris, 2d class, 1853; 
1st class, 1855, 1857, 1859 J Medal of Honor, 1867. Legion of 
Honor, 1859 '< Ofificer, 1867 ; Knight of Prussian Order of Merit; 
etc., and many medals. 

49. Going to the Dance. 

i8 IRational BcaDemi? of 2>e6fgn 

OUVRlfi (Pierre Justin). 

Born in Paris, May g, 1806 ; died at Rouen, Oct. 21, 1879. Land- 
scape, history, portrait, and genre painter. Pupil of Abel de Pujol 
and Chatillon. Medals 1831, 1843, 1855. Legion of Honor, 1854. 

50. Amsterdam. 

ACHENBACH (Andreas). 

51. Moonlight. / 


Born at Paris, 1797. Member of the Institute. Officer of the 
Legion of Honor. Began by painting landscapes under Watelet. 
Afterwards studied under Baron Gros and devoted himself to por- 
traits and historical subjects. His most important work is the 
** Hemicycle," in the Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris: the finished 
study for which is in the W. T. Walters Collection in Baltimore. 

52. Christ the Consoler. ^^ 
GALLAIT (Louis). 

Born at Tournay, March 10, 1810. History, portrait, and 
genre painter. Pupil of Tournay Academy. Having obtained the 
first prize at Ghent in 1831, he studied at Antwerp Academy, and in 
1834 went to Paris, where his portraits and historical paintings were 
soon highly esteemed. His Abdication of Charles V., painted at 
Brussels in 1841, placed him at once at the head of Belgian portrait- 
painters, and won for him the Belgian Order of Leopold and the 
French Legion of Honor. The city of Brussels struck a medal in 
his honor. >La / j/^ 

53. Duke of Alba and Vargas. / ^ 
OMMEGANCK (Balthazar Pauwel). 

Born in Antwerp, December 26, 1755 ; died there January 18, 
1826. Animal and landscape painter, pupil of H. J. Antonissen ; 
painted especially sheep. Rector of Guild of St. Luke, Antwerp, 
in 1789; and professor in Academy in 1796. He was one of the 
envoys sent to Paris to procure the restitution of pictures taken by 

54. Landscape with Sheep. j 


Soutb Galleri^ 19 

PLASSAN (Antoine Emile). 

Born at Bordeaux, September 29, 1817. Genre painter. Medals : 
3d class, 1852, 1857, 1859 ; Legion of Honor, 1859 ; Medal, 
Philadelphia Exposition, 1876. 

55. The Album. 

CHAVET (J. Victor). 

56. The Letter. 


Born at Bordeaux, June 19. 181 9. Genre and flower painter. 
Pupil of Lacour the younger. Last exhibited in Salon, 1869. Medal 
2d class, 1848. 

57. The Promenaders. 
BILLET (Pierre). 

Born at Cantin. Friend of Jules Breton, who assisted him in his 
studies. Medals at Paris and Vienna. 

58. Brittany Peasant Girl. 
BIERSTADT (Albert), N.A. 

Born in Dusseldorf, Germany, 1830. Landscape painter. Spent 
his youth in New Medford, Mass. Studied in Dusseldorf and Rome 
four years. Returned to United States in 1857, and again visited 
Europe in 1867, 1878, and 1883. Elected N.A. in i860. Medals 
in Austria, Germany, Bavaria, and Belgium. Legion of Honor, 
1867. Order of St. Stanislaus, 1869. Medal, 1872. 

59. The Burning Ship. 
CALAME (Alexandre). 

Born at Vevay, May 28, 1810 ; died March 19, 1864. Landscape 
painter. Pupil in Geneva of Diday. Medals, 1839,. 1840. Legion 
of Honor, 1842. 

60. Swiss Lake. 

20 IRational BcaDcm^ of Desicin 

SCHREYER (Adolf). 


6r. The Halting Plage. 



Born in Hamburg, March 23, 1823. Genre painter. Pupil of 
Dresden Academy, then in Paris of Couture. Professor at Berlin 
Academy since 1875. 

J^ 62. Father's Birthday. 

ZIEM (Felix). 

Born at Beaune (Cote d'Or), P'ebruary 25, 1821. Architecture 
and marine painter, pupil of Art School at Dijon ; travelled in 
1845-48 in Southern France, Italy, and the East. His pictures, 
particularly his views of Venice, have won for him a world-wide 
reputation. Medals: 3d class, 1851, 1855; 1st class, 1852. Le- 
gion of Honor, 1857 ; Officer, 187S. 

63. Canal Grande, Venice. 
NUYEN (Wynand Jan Joseph). 

Born at The Hague, March 4, 1813, died there, June 2, 1839. 
Landscape and marine painter, pupil of Schelfhout. Member of 
Academy of Amsterdam. 

64. View in Holland. 
MADRAZO (Raimundo de). 

Born in Rome, July 24, 1841. Genre and portrait painter, pupil 
of his father, and student in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux Arts, and 
later of Leon Cogniet. Medal : ist class, 1878 ; Legion of Honor, 


65. The Coryphee. 

West Gallery 



FROMENTIN (Eugene). 

Born at La Rochelle, October 24, 1820. Died at St. Maurice, 
August 27, 1876. Genre painter, pupil of Rcmond and Cabat. 
Visited Algiers in 1846 and 1852, and brought home many sketches 
from which he painted his characteristic pictures of Oriental life. 
Medals: 2d class, 1849, 1857; ist class, 1859. Legion of Honor, 
1859 ; Officer, 1869. 

66. Bedouins. 

DETAILLE (Edouard). 
6y. Rifle Practice. 


Contemporary. Genre painter, pupil of Mariano Eortuny, whose 
manner he follows. Studio in Rome. 

68. Spanish Scene. 4x^^^' 

JOHNSON (Eastman), N.A. 

Born in Lovell, Me. Genre and portrait painter. Studied in 
Diisseldorf 1849-51 ; later studied in Italy, Paris, Holland, and four 
years at The Hague. His most popular works are those depicting 
American life, many of which have been engraved and lithographed. 
Elected N.A. in i860. 

69. The Pictures. 




22 Iftational BcaDcm^ ot Design 


70. The Sportsman. 

CHAPLIN (Charles Joshua). Paris. 

Born at Andelys, 1825. Pupil of Drolling. Legion of Honor, 
1865. Officer of Legion of Honor, 1877. 

71. The Dove. ^^ ^^^ 

Heiligers (A.). 

72. Dutch Interior. 

IRVING (J. Beaufain), N.A. 

Born, Charleston, S. C, in 1826, died in 1877. Genre painter. 
In 1 85 1, studied with Lentze in Dusseldorf, and after painting there 
several years, lived in Charleston, until he finally settled in New 
York, about 1865. Elected an A. N.A, in 1869, and N.A. in 1872. 

73. The Wine Tasters. 


74. On the Seine. 


75. The Slipper Shop. 


HENNER (Jean Jacques). Paris. 

Bom in Alsace, 1829. Pupil of Drolling and Picot. Prix de 
Rome, 1858. Legion of Honor, 1873. .. ^ ^ 

J6. Nymph. ^^ 

JACQUE (Charles Emile). Paris. 

Born in Paris, 1813. Has a widely extended and well-earned 
reputation, both in this country and abroad, as an animal and land- 
scape painter, engraver, and etcher. Legion of Honor, 1867. 

J ./^ J -77- The Flock. 

"Meet Gallery 23 

BONHEUR (Marie Rosa). 

Born in Bordeaux, 1822. Daughter and pupil of Raymond Bon- 
heur ; began by copying in the Louvre. Her first two pictures, 
exhibited at Bordeaux in 1841, attracted much attention and were 
followed by others, which established her world-wide fame. During 
the Franco-Prussian war her studio and residence were respected by 
special order of the Crown Prince of Prussia. Elected member of 
Antwerp Institute in 1868. Medals : 3d class, 1845 ; 1st class, 1848. 
1855 ; 2d class, 1867 ; Legion of Honor, 1865 ; Leopold Cross, 
1880 ; Commander's Cross of Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic, 
1880. yC^^^ -^ 

78. Rendezvous de Chasse. 


r^^tj 79- Rabbits. 
TROYON (Constant). ^^ .-is^ 



80. The Water Cart 

GEYER (Prof. Johann). 

Born at Augsburg, Jan. i, 1807 ; died there, Nov. 26, 1875. 
Genre painter, pupil of Augsburg Art School and of Munich 
Academy under Clemens Zimmermann. Visited France and Bel- 
gium, and was, from 1833 until 1865, professor at the Polytechnic 
School in Augsburg. Treated rococo genre scenes with exquisite 

'81. Baron Munchausen. 
WILLEMS (Florent). 

Genre painter. Born at Liege, Jan. 8, 1823. Pupil of Mechlin 
Academy ; studied especially the old Dutch masters, and attracted 
attention as early as 1840 ; the great success of his picture, exhibited 
in Paris in 1844, induced him to settle there. Medals : Paris, 3d 
class, 1844 ; 2d class, 1846 ; ist class, 1855, 1867, 1878. Legion of 
Honor, 1853 ; Officer, 1864; Commander, 1878. Officer of Order 
of Leopold, 1851. 

82. The Artist. 

24 IRational acaOcmi? of Wcsign 

DETAILLE (J. B. Edouard). 

83. Souvenir des Grandes Manceuvres. 

/J ■- 84. Chickens. 

HEBERT (Antoine-Auguste-Ernest). Paris. 

Born at Grenoble, 1817. Pupil of David d'Angers and Delaroche. 
Prix de Rome, 1839. Made member of the Institute and Commander 
of the Legion of Honor in 1874. Painted genre subjects in a senti- 
mental but practical style. 

85. The SAyoYARD. 
WINTER (Louis DE). 

Born at Antwerp, March 23, iSig. Landscape and marine painter, 
pupil at Antwerp Academy. Gold medal, Brussels, 1854. Order of 
Leopold, 1 86 1. 

86. Coast View. 


MARCKE (Emile van). 

Landscape and animal painter, pupil of Troyon. Born at Sevres, 
August 20, 1827. Medals: 1867, 1869, and 1870; ist class, 1878; 
Legion of Honor, 1872. 

87. Landscape with Cattle. 
TAIT (Arthur Fitzwilliam), N. A. 

Was born at Livescy Hall, near Liverpool, Aug, 5, 1819. Land- 
scape and animal painter, pupil of Royal Institution, Manchester, but 
chiefly self-taught. Went to New York in 1850, and was elected N. 
A. in 1858 ; visited Europe in 1874. Studio in New York City. 

88. Partridges. 

MEYER (J. H. Louis). 

89. Lake of Galilee. 

Meet Gallery 25 

ROBBE (Louis). 

Born at Courtray, Nov. 17, 1806. Animal and landscape painter, 
>elf-taught, studying from nature since 1S33 ; settled at Courtray in 
1S30, and in Brussels in 1S40. Medals at Brussels 1839-42 ; Paris 
3d class, 1844 ; 2d class, 1S55. Legion of Honor, 1845. Order of 
Leopold, 1843 ; Officer, 1863. Spanish Order of Charles IIL, 1844 ; 
Member of Amsterdam Academy, 1S55. Studio in Brussels. 

90. Landscape wlph Sheep. 


91. Ducks. 

BECKER (Ernest Albert). 

Born in Berlin, Oct. 22, 1S30. From his skill as a cattle painter 
was surnamed Kuh-Becker (Cow-Becker) which he accepted by sign- 
ing his pictures " 2. Becker." 

92. Peasant Woman of Wurtemberg. 
MEYERHEIM (Friederich Edouard). 

Born in Dantzic, 1S08. Pupil of his father and the Berlin 
Academy. Member 'of Berlin Academy, 1836, Professor, 1855. 
Order St. Michael, 1859. Medals, 1848, 1850, 1855. L^ied in 1879. 
His two sons are living German painters of distinction. 

93. Dinner Time. 
SCHELFHOUT (Andreas). 

Landscape painter, born at The Hague, February 16, 1787, died 
there, April 19, 1870. Pupil of Breckenheimer, and one of the most 
prolific modern masters. Member of Amsterdam, Brussels, Ghent, 
and Hague Academies. Order of Lion, 1839 I Order of Leopold, 
1845 ; medals at Antwerp, Brussels, Ghent, and The Hague. 

94. Ice Scene with Skaters. 
ST. JEAN (Simon). 

Flower painter. Pupil of the school at Lyons and of Augustin 
Thierriat. Born in Lyons, October 13, 1808 ; died at Ecully, July 3, 

26 IKlational BcaC)cms ot Wceign 

i860. Justly called the modern Van Huysum, whom he approaches 
in detail and color, though hardly his equal in selection of material 
and play of light. Medals: 3d class, 1834 ; 2d class, 1841, 1855 ; 
Legion of Honor, 1843. 

]jc^ f 95. Fruits and Flowers. 



RIEDEL (August). 

Was born at Baireuth, December 27, 1802, died in Rome, August 
8, 1883. Genre and portrait painter, pupil of Munich Academy 
under Peter von Lauger ; went in 1828 to Rome, where he adopted 
a manner differing widely from the academic style, and excelling in 
brilliancy of coloring, which made his pictures very popular. Was 
member of and professor in Accademia di S. Luca in Rome, member 
of Berlin, Munich, Vienna, and St. Petersburg Academies. 

96. Italian Peasant Girl. 

Was born at The Hague in 1814, died at Antwerp in 1865. Archi- 
tecture and landscape painter ; son and pupil of B. J. Van Hove, and 
pupil of Hendrick Van de Sande Backhuyzen ; settled at Antwerp. 
Gold medal 1S52 ; Order of Leopold, 1857. 

97. Flemish Tavern. 
CASANOVA (Antonio). 

Born at Tortosa, Spain. Pupil of Claudio Lorenzale at Barcelona 
and at the Madrid Academy under Frederico de Madrazo ; then stud- 
ied at Rome and finally in Paris. Historical and genre painter, the 
latter winning him fame and fortune, choosing themes inspired with a 
sly drollery, which he executes in a sympathetic spirit. 

98. The Monk Dentist. 
TRAYER (Jean Baptiste Jules). 

Born in Paris in 1824. Genre painter, pupil of his father and 
Legnieu. Paints family scenes in which the heads are of superior 
merit. Medals : 3d class, 1853, 1855. 

99. Morning Hours. 

Wicet (BaUerg 27 

FAIVRE (Tony). 

Born at Besan9on, May 24, 1830. Genre, portrait, and decorative 
painter, pupil of Picot. Medal 1S64. 

100. Going to Promenade. 
BOUGHTON (George H.), N. A. 

Born in England 1834. Family removed to Albany, N. Y., in 
1837, Sold one of his earliest works to the American Art Union in 
1853. \Vent to Paris in 1859, ^^^ to London in 1861, where he has 
since resided. Elected National Academician 1871. Associate of 
the Royal Academy 1879. 

loi. Dismal Swamp. 
DE HAAS(M. F. H.), N.A. 

Born at Rotterdam, 1832. Pupil of the Academy at Rotterdam, 
and of Louis Meyer at The Hague, whom he after assisted in his 
work. Mr. Belmont was a frequent visitor at this master's studio 
and became much interested in young de Haas urging him to come 
to America. The artist was, however, more attracted by a position 
in the Dutch navy at the time, but was afterward induced to give 
this up and come to New York by letters from Mr. Belmont who 
was largely instrumental in establishing his American reputation. 
Appointed Artist to the Dutch Navy in 1857. Elected Associate of 
the National Academy of Design in 1859, ^^^ Academician in 1857. 

102. The Shipwreck. 

SCHELFHOUT (Andreas). 

103. Winter Scene in Holland. 

MEYER (J. H. Louis). 

104. Moonlight. 

JACQUET (Jean Gustave). 

Bom at Paris 1846. Pupil of Bouguereau. Portrait and genre 
painter. Legion of Honor, 1879. 

105. Return from Market. 



28 IFlational BcaOcmg ot Bceign 

TIDEMAND (Adolf). 

Was born at Mandal, Norway, Aug. 14, 1814 ; died in Christiania, 
Aug. 25, 1876. Genre painter, pupil in 1832-37 of Copenhagen 
Academy under Hildebrandt and Schadow ; went in 184210 Munich, 
thence to Rome, and returned during the same year to Norway, 
where he executed several orders from the King, and painted por- 
traits for the University of Christiania ; in 1846-48 he lived again in 
Diisseldorf, where he settled permanently in 1849, spending the 
summer months usually in Norway. Contributed essentially by his 
excellent works to the fame of the Diisseldorf school, and was made 
professor. Member of Christiania, Stockholm, Copenhagen, Berlin, 
Dresden, Vienna, Amsterdam, and Rotterdam Academies. Medals 
in Berlin, 1848 ; Paris. 1855 ; Besancon ; Vienna, 1873, etc. Swedish 
Order of Vasa ; Norwegian Order of Olaf ; Prussian Order of Red 
Eagle : Legion of Honor. 

106. Grandmother's Story. 
DILLENS (Adolf.) 

Born at Ghent, January 2, 1821 ; died there in January, 1877. 
History and genre painter, brother and pupil of HendrikD. ; first 
works were historical, but later exhibited pictures illustrative of 
Zealand peasant life. Medals : Brussels, 1848, 1850, 1854 ; Paris, 
3d class, 1855 ; Order of Leopold, 1862 ; member of Amsterdam 
Academy 1866. 

107. Paying Toll. 
GUILLEMIN (Alexandre Marie). 

Born in Paris, 1817 ; died in 1880. Pupil of Gros. Painted 
genre subjects in Brittany and the Pyrenees ; also hunting pieces. 
Legion of Honor, 1861. 

109. The Miser. 

BONNAT (Leon Joseph Florentin). 

Born at Bayonne, 1833. Genre and portrait painter. Pupil in 
Madrid of F. de Madrazo, and in Paris of Leon Cogniet. Second 
Grand Prix 1858. Medals 1861, 1863, 1869 ; of Honor 1869. Legion 
of Honor 1867 ; Officer, 1874 ; Commander, 1882. 

1 10. Italian Girl. 

/GELLI (F.). 
^ '"{/' III. Pistol Practice. 

North Gallery. 

112 TO 143 IN'CLUSIVE. 


112. The Bride's Door, Sirasburg 


DELACROIX (Eugene). 

113. The Triumph of Hercules (Aris- 


114. The Triumph of Hercules (Cicero). 

Sketches for his decoration of the Hotel de Villa, destroyed by fire 
in the last Paris Commune. 

Lent l)y Mrs. Wm. T. Blodgett. 

DIAZ (Narciso Virgilio de la Pexa). 

115. Diana Setting out for the Chase. 

From the Secretan collection. 

Lent by Mr. C. P. Huntington. 

KNAUS (Professor Ludwig). 

116. Charity. 

Lent by Mr. C. P. Huntington. 

DROUAIS (Germain Jean). 

117. Child and Dog. 

Lent by Mrs. Wm. T. Blodgett. 

30 National Bca^em^ of Deeign 

ROUSSEAU (Pierre Etienne Theodore). 


Lent by Mrs. Wm. T. Blodgett. 



DEMONT (Adrien). 

119. Landscape at Courriers. 

Lent by Mr. Samuel P. Avery. 

LELY (Sir Peter). 

120. Jennie Deering, 

A friend of the Wharton family. From the Cholmondeley Collection. 
Lent by Mr. C. Vanderbilt. 

ALLSTON (Washington), A.R.A. 

Born at Waccamaw, S. C, Nov. 5, 1779. History and portrait 
painter. Graduated from Harvard in 1800, and in 1801 entered the 
schools of the Royal Academy, London, of which his countryman, 
Benjamin West, was then president. In 1818 he was elected an 
Associate of the Royal Academy, and in the same year returned to 
America, residing in Boston. He died at Cambridgeport, Mass., 
July 9, 1843. 

121. The Liberation of St. Peter by 

THE Angel. 

Lent by Mr. C. Vanderbilt. 

PALIZZI (Giuseppe). 

122. Landscape with Cattle. 

From the Belmont Collection. 

SANDRAERT (Joachim de). 

123. Portrait of the Artist. 

\J Gr<^\ I Lent by Mr, Wm. Loring Andrews. 

Ittortb (Bailer^ 31 

LELY (Sir Peter). 

Born at Soest in 1617 ; died in London, November 30, 16S0. 
Flemish school ; portrait painter, pupil of Pieter de Grebber in 
Haarlem, but on coming to England with William of Orange in 1643, 
he so closely studied the manner of Van Dyck, who had just died, 
that his earlier portraits often approach the great master's style. For 
thirty years he was the most popular portrait painter in England. 

124. Ann Lee, Marchioness of Wharton, 

daughter of Sir Henry Lee. She was an accomplished authoress, 
and died in 1685. 

From the Cholmondeley Collection. Lent by Mr. C. Vanderbilt. 

FROMENTIN (Eugene). 

125. Meeting of Arab Tribes in the 


Lent by Mrs. Wm. T. Blodgett. 


126. Landscape; Holland. 

Lent by Mr. Wm. Loring Andrews. 

GREUZE (Jean Baptiste). 

Born at Tournus, August 21, 1725, died in Paris, March 21, 1805. 
French school ; genre and portrait painter. Pupil in Lyons of 
Grandor, and in Paris of the Academy in 1755. 

127. Portrait of a Boy. 

From the Demidoff Collection, 18S0. Lent by Mr. C. Vanderbilt. 

STUART (Gilbert). 

128. Daniel Denison Rogers, Esq. 

Lent by Mr. John Rogers, N. A. 

LAWRENCE (Sir Thomas), R.A. 

129. Portrait of Caroline Fry. -_ 

Lent by Mr. Joseph P. Howard. 


32 IWational BcaDem^ of H)e0ign 

STUART (Gilbert). 

Born in Narragansett, R. I., December 3, 1755. After some 
unaided efforts, he received instruction from Cosmo Alexander, 
whom he accompanied to Scotland in 1772, The death of his master 
left him to shift for himself, and after struggling awhile at the Uni- 
versity of Glasgow, he returned home. In 1775 he went to England 
and found a friend and master in Benjamin West, who employed 
him as an assistant. In 1785 he opened a studio of his own with 
great success. In 1792 he returned to America. After working two 
years in New York, Philadelphia, and Washington, Stuart settled in 
Boston, where he resided until his death, July 27, T828. His por- 
traits show great insight into character, and are remarkable for their 
simplicity of means. Among the best are those of Washington, of 
whom Stuart was the painter par excellence. 

130. Portrait of James Heath, A.E. 

English line engraver. Born 1757 ; died 1834. [He engraved 
and published (1800) the engraving of Stuart's full length of Wash- 
ington painted for the Marquis of Lansdowne.] Painted at London 
about 1789. 

Lent by Mr. Samuel P. Avery. 

131. Portrait of Washington. (Known 

as the Gibbs-Channing portrait.) 

Painted in 1795. This is the representative picture of Washing- 
ton's first sitting to Stuart in September, 1795. This originated the 
first type of the Washington painting by Stuart showing the right 
side of the face — three other pictures only belong to this type, — and 
is different from the much-copied portrait known as the " Athenseum " 
one (now in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts), the result of the second 
sitting in 1796. That, as is well known, shows the left side of the 
face ; and the chief criticism passed upon it has always been the 
constraint about the mouth, due to ill-fitting dental plates. Unlike 
the Athenseum portrait, this is complete as to the body and back- 
ground. The Gibbs Washington was sold by Stuart at an early date 
to his warm personal friend. Colonel George Gibbs, then of New 
York, with the statement that it was on the easel while Washington 
was sitting and worked upon from life. At a later period it was 
transferred to his sister, the wife of the Rev. William Ellery Chan- 
ning, and from her it descended to her son. Dr. William F. Channing ; 
thus the picture had never been out of the possession of the Gibbs- 

IWortb Gallery 33 

Channing family until Dr. Channing sold it to the present owner in 
1889. George C. Mason, in his Life and Works of Stuart, says that 
" the finest beyond all comparison of the Stuart portraits of the first 
type is the Gibbs Washington." The venerable A. B. Durand, when 
shown a photograph from -it, said : " That is a likeness ; it is much 
superior in character to the AthenDeum portrait, and should be con- 
sidered the standard ; the artist and the subject would gain by it." 
It has been engraved by C. Burt for Mason's Life, also for Miss E. 
F). Johnston's Portraits of Washington, and in Harper's Magazine 
for April, 1889. 

Lent by Mr, Samuel P. Avery. 

32. Portrait of John Hamilton Morti- 
mer, A.R.A. 

English historical painter. Born 1741 ; died 1779. Painted at 
[London, 1778. 

Lent by Mr. Samuel P. Avery. 

HOPPNER (John), R.A. 

Born in London, April 4, 1758, and died there January 23, 18 10. 
In 1775 became a pupil of the Royal Academy, and, by the patronage 
of the Prince of Wales, became a fashionable portrait painter, finding 
a rival only in Lawrence. 

133. Mrs. Gwyn, 

Nie Mary Hornbeck, married Col. Gwyn. She was the famous 
"Jessamy Bride" of Goldsmith's verse ; she and her sister were 
two famous Devonshire beauties. She was born in 1752 ; died 
1840, aged 88. Hoppner painted the portrait in 1791. Young en- 
graved it in folio size. 

Lent by Mr. Henry G. Marquand. 

REYNOLDS (Sir Joshua), P.R.A. 

Born at Plympton, Devonshire, July 16, 1723, and died in London 
February 23, 1792. In 1768, on the establishment of the Royal 
Academy, he was chosen its first president, and was knighted by 
George III. Reynolds painted many historical and fancy subjects, 
but it is as a portrait painter that he excelled all his contemporaries. 
Ruskin calls him the " prince of portrait painters" and " one of the 


34 IRatlonal BcaDem^ ot Design 

seven colorists of the world," placing him with Titian, Giorgione, 
Correggio, Tintoretto, Veronese, and Turner. 

134. Elizabeth Seymour, Countess of 

Married Hugh Smithson, Duke of Northumberland, in 1740, and 
died December 5, 1776, She was the daughter of Algernon, Duke 
of Somerset. 

Lent by Mr. Henry G. Marquand, 

, 135. Portrait of David Garrick. 

r)J^ nrM^ *>y ^^^^ ^^ ^^ Joseph P. Howard. 

HOPPNER (John), R.A. 
^ ^ 136. Hebe. 

s) Lent by Mr. Joseph P. Howard. 

ROMNEY (George). 

137. The Shy Child. 

J^^^ Lent by Mr. Henry G. Marquand. 

WALKER (Robert). 

An English portrait painter of great merit under the Common- 
wealth, An imitator of Van Dyck ; he painted the Protector, 
Admiral Blake, Sir Thomas Browne, and other notables, and is 
known as "Cromwell's portrait painter." His works are in the 
principal English galleries. He died in 1658. 

138. IRETON (General Henry). 

Born near Nottingham, 161 1 ; married Cromwell's daughter, 
Bridget ; commanded the left wing at the battle of Naseby ; 
wounded and made prisoner. Accompanied Cromwell to Ireland, 
1649 ; he crowned his military career by the taking of Limerick, 
where he died of the pestilence in 165 1. 

Lent by Mr. Samuel P. Avery. 


IWortb (Bailer^ 35 

ROMNEY (George). 

Born at Dalton-le-Furness, England, December 15, 1734. Died 
at Kendal, November 15, 1802. He established himself in London 
in 1775, where, until 1797, when he removed to Hampstead, he 
divided public patronage as a portrait painter with Reynolds and 

139. Mrs. Wells, nee Mary Davies. 

Born about 1750. Married Wells, an actor, in Shrewsbury ; he 
deserted her. Confined in the Fleet prison, she met a Jew foreigner 
named Tumball, became a Jewess, and ever after used his name. 
Lent by Mr, Henry G. Marquand. 

HOPPNER (John), R.A. 

140. Lady Almeria Carpenter. 

Sir Joshua Reynolds also painted her in 1769. U '"■ ■ 
Lent by Mr. Henry G. Marquand. 

DIETERICY (Christian Wilhelm). 

141. Nymph Bathing. rp^^ I ^ 

Lent by Mr. Wm. Loring Andrews. 

HOPPNER (John), R.A. 

142. ' Percy Bysshe Shelley, as a youth. 

Lent by Mr. Henry G. Marquand. 

143. Portrait of Mrs. Thrale. 

Lent by Mr. Joseph P. Howard. 


■ East Gallery 

NO. 144 TO 173 INCLUSIVE. 


144. Dutch Town. /^ '''^''^>' I 

Lent by Mr. Samuel P. Avery. 

GUILLEMIN (Alexandre Marie). 

145. The Bird Cage. 

LE BRUN (Madame Vigee). 

Born in Paris, April 16, 1755, died there in March 30, 1842. 
French school ; portrait, history, and landscape painter. Taught 
drawing by her father and by Briard, painting by Doyen and Joseph 
Vernet, and at the age of 16 had painted many portraits. In 1783 
she was made a member of the French Academy. 

146. Portrait of Madame de Poliquac. 

Lent by Mrs. Wm. T. Blodgett. 


147. The Young Cook. 

DIAZ (Narciso). 

148. Fidelity. 

ACHENBACH (Andreas). 

149. Off OsTEND. 

Bast (Ballerg 37 

TASSAERT (Octave). 

150. Poverty. 

LEROLLE (Henry). 

151. The End of the Day. 

Lent by Dr. G. H. Wynkoop. 

TVVIBILL (George W.), N.A. 

152. Col. John Trumbull. 

FLAMM (Albert). 

153. Roman Campagna. 

BOUGHTON (George H.), N.A. 

154. Wandering Thoughts. 

WEST (Benjamin). 

155. Death of Gen'l Wolfe. 

Lent by Mr. Wm. Loring Andrewi 

FRERE (Pierre Edouard). 

156. Finishing the Meal. 


157. Head OF Madonna. 

GUILLEMIN (Alexandre Marie). 

158. The Pet Child. 


1 59. Forest of Marly. 

Lent by Mr. Samuel P. Avery. 

38 IRatlonal BcaDemi? ot Design 

GIFFORD (Sandford R.), N.A. 

i6o. Mt. Mansfield. I; 

KENSETT (J. F.), N.A. 

i6i. Glimpse through the Wood. 

. LAMENIAS ( ). 

162. Pull up the Hill. 

DELACROIX (Eugene). 

163. The Triumph of Hercules (Jupiter). 

,/ Sketch for his decoration of Hotel de Ville. 

Lent by Mrs. Wm. T. Blodgett. 

LENBACH (Franz). 

164. Portrait. 

/ Lent by Mr. J. C. Nicoll. 


165. Thoughts of Far Away. 

Lent by Mr. J. C. Nicoll. 


166. Landscape. 

y^hX '^ ^ Lej^t l^y ]yjj. ja^gg ^v. Gerard. 


167. Landscape. 

PEELE (John T.), A.N.A. 

168. The Pet. 

NOEL (Jules). 

169. Coast Scene. 

Bast (5aUers 



170. Barnyard. 

JACQUET (Jean Gustave). 

171. The Red Plume. 

LAMBINET (Emile). 

172. The Village^^l-c— ^ i^^-— 

DUVERGER (Theophile Emmanuel). 

173. The Music Lesson. 





1. Chinese Imperial Banner carried in proces- 

sion on State occasions. 

2. Spanish silk tapestry. 

Lent by Mr. Henry G. Marquand. 

Indian inlaid panels. 

Lent by Mr. Lockwood de Forest. 

1 1. Embroidered Persian prayer rug. 

Lent by Mr. Samuel P. Avery. 

12. Portuguese tapestry. Mythological subject. 

13. Genoese velvet. XVII. Century. 

Lent by Mr, Henry G. Marquand. 

14. Persian rug. 

15. Japanese gown. 

16. Old Italian velvet. 


CorriDor 41 

17. Japanese actor's gown. 

18. Indian embroidered cover. 

19. Indian embroidery. 

Lent by Mr. Louis C. Tiffany, 

20. Turkish embroidery in gold and braid. 

Lent by Mr. Samuel P. Avery. 

21. Landscape (tapestry). 

Lent by Mr. Henry G. Marquand. 

22. Persian silk carpet. XVI. Century. 

Lent by Mr. Henry G. Marquand. 

23. Cybele and Triptolemus. 

Lent by Mr. Henry G. Marquand. 

24. Persian needlework on silk. 

Lent by Mr. Samuel P. Avery. 

Nine large bronze pieces in Corridor and Land- 

Lent by Mr. Heber R. Bishop. 

porcelains, bronzes, cloisonnes, 
greek art objects, etc. 

South Gallery. 

CASES A, B, C, D, E, F, G. 


Case A is filled with varieties of the rare black 
hawthorn pattern. The rose family has splendid 
representation in Case B. In Case C beautiful egg- 
shell lanterns and roseback plates may be viewed. 
Case D protects three notable blue and white haw- 
thorn ginger jars and four tall tiger-lily vases ; Case 
E, a famous lot of hard paste blue and white vases. 
Case F contains a rare gathering of powder blue 
specimens, and Case G a group of famille verte 
pieces of early origin. Mr. Garland's contributions 
cover the fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, and eigh- 
teenth centuries, and afford an opportunity of study 
such as has never before been offered in this country. 

Loaned by James A. Garland, Esq. 


Bast (Bailer^ 43 

East Gallery. 

CASES H, I, & J. 



Case H contains a remarkable lot of blue and 
white soft paste and egg-shell porcelains made 
during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth 
centuries. Each object is of exceptional quality, 
many are unique. A selection of rare old single- 
color pieces may be viewed in Case I ; and Case J is 
filled with a superb collection of red glazes and the 
famous peach-bloom tints. Some most valuable 
pieces are here displayed. Descriptive cards will be 
found in the cabinets. 

Loaned by Henry Sampson. Esq. 

^4 mational BcaDcm^ of BceiQn 



A collection of books, bound in silver and silver- 
gilt covers, repousee, chased, or engraved. Executed 
by French, German, and Italian artists of the seven- 
teenth and eighteenth centuries. The books are 
mainly of a devotional character, and printed in the 
German and French languages. Books so bound 
were prized as heir-looms, and often the covers 
served for different contents, as abuse or caprice 
dictated ; often destroyed for the value of the metal. 
Such examples have become exceedingly rare. The 
obverse sides are generally of a different design from 
that of the front. 

Loaned by Samuel P. Avery. 

IHottb Oallcrs 45 

North Gallery. 

Loaned by Samuel P. Avery. 


It has been thought that the word " enamel " was 
originally derived from the Hebrew expression of 
** Haschmal," used by the prophet Ezekiel, but 
perhaps he meant thereby to designate a metal. 
The low Latins write it " smaltum," the Italians 
" smalto," the Germans "smeltzen," and the French 
" email," which is the same as the English " enamel." 
This is all that even the most learned in such matters 
have yet been able to discover on the subject. What 
workman was the first to use enamel ? and in what 
century did he live ? The answers to these questions 
are scarcely better ascertained. 

Enamel is actually glass more or less colored with 
metallic oxides, either opaque or transparent, which, 
after a considerable amount of baking, absolutely 
adheres to the metallic plate, be it copper, iron, or 
glass on which it is placed. 

But as there is a vast difference in its various 
applications, they have been classed into sections, 
namely, " cloisonne and champleve enamels " ; in 
cloisonne, or walled enamels, the designs are made 
by soldering edgewise upon a metal surface movable 

46 IRational BcaDemi^ of Design 

cloisonrxcs or partitions, and so projecting as to form 
a multitude of cells in which the enamel pastes of 
various colors are placed, and, after being vitrified 
by repeated firings, are finally ground and polished 
to a smooth surface. In champleve, or encrusted 
enamels, the metal base required to form the design 
is hollowed out, leaving the divisions in relief, and 
the pastes are filled in these divisions. 

Translucent enamels are those in which the de- 
signs are engraved upon metal grounds, and after- 
wards covered with transparent enamel, through 
which the patterns may be seen. In painted enamels, 
the enamel is spread over the surface, and treated in 
the same way as porcelain or glass, the designs being 
painted in enamel colors with a brush at the whim 
and fancy of the artist. 

Everything goes to prove that the cloisonne 
enamels are the oldest, and that they are of Ori- 
ental origin. The Champleve embossed enamels 
are only a new development of the same, introduced 
into Europe in the eleventh century. The art of 
enamelling upon copper is of great antiquity ; the 
earliest specimens existing are those which have 
been found with the mummies in Egypt. The 
Greeks and Etruscans were cognizant of enamel, 
even of that which was termed painter's enamel. 
The art was undoubtedly practised in China in very 
early times, and introduced into Europe in the mid- 
dle ages no doubt by the desire to imitate pieces of 
cloisonne and other enamels which were imported 
from Persia, India, or China. 

In Case L these facinating branches of enamel art 
have a superb representation. The exhibit is com- 
posed mostly of Chinese cloisonne, dating from 

'Mcst (3aUers 47 

perhaps the middle of the fifteenth century, to the 
Kien-long period, 1736 to 1795. The few pieces of 
Champleve are Chinese and probably of the seven- 
teenth century. 


is filled with fine old Chinese Cloisonne enamels, the 
property of George A. Baker, Esq. The objects 
shown in this case are from the famous Maignac 
sale, London, 1892. 


contain distinguished examples of Chinese and 
Japanese metal-work. Iron and bronze are the 
metals used, and wonderful art objects have been 
produced. Large bronze incense burners and orna- 
ments have been placed in the corridor for decora- 
tion. Descriptive cards will be found in the cabinets. 
Loaned by Heber R. Bishop, Esq. 

West Gallery. 

The grand Terra Cotta Greek Vase in the centre of the gallery is 
known as the Capo di Monte Vase. Period, III. Century B.C. 


has been filled with perfect Greek vases, large and 
small, all of pure form and made in the best periods. 
Chosen from the private collection of Thomas B. 

48 IRational BcaOem^ of Design 


It is not only the archaeological student to-day 
who is interested in these subjects, for the recent 
development in art taste has led to the gathering of 
beautiful antiquities for household embellishment 
by many amateurs throughout this country. An- 
cient Greek vases of noble form and handsome 
decoration possess attractions because of their 
beauty of outline, and for the reason that they in- 
vite investigation of the great art epochs they rep- 
resent. An opportunity is also afforded to compare 
the work of modern times with them. All speci- 
mens of Greek pottery are not beautiful, but in the 
collection made for this exhibition the uppermost 
idea has been to bring together veritable things that 
specially exemplify the beauty of form. The ex- 
amples shown are classified as follows: Amphora, a 
receptacle for wine, oil, and honey. 1 he Calpis and 
Plydria were used for holding water. The Oinochoe 
and Prochous were pitchers for pouring water. 
Wine and water were mixed in the Crater, Kelebe 
and Oxybaphon. The Aryballos and Lekythos 
held perfume and ointment, and the Kylix, Kan- 
tharos, and Scyphos were drinking vessels. 

The remarkably perfect condition of the objects 
in this collection will be commented upon. Some 
vases were taken from the tombs just as they now 
appear. Others were wholly or partly covered with 
incrustation. When such deposit has hidden any 
part of the painting it has been removed by an acid 
bath and the original surface and drawing are 

The miniature specimens in the cabinet are of 
unusual merit and rarity. 



The art objects shown under this heading are the 
results of recent excavations in Greece and Asia 
Minor. The difficulty of getting rare antiquities 
from Greece to-day makes it impossible to indicate 
with absolute accuracy the location of the "finds." 
In Asia Minor the Turkish law forbids research and 
the exportation of antiquities. It is certain, how- 
ever, that the Myrina district has furnished many 
groups. The first doubts about the integrity of the 
Asia Minor and Greek groups have now almost en- 
tirely ceased. The groups are made in moulds like 
the Tanagra figurines. As yet no duplicates have 
been found. The artist seems, even in groups of 
similar design, to have treated the figures and dra- 
peries differently in each composition. The original 
coloring and gilding have almost entirely disap- 
peared and parts of the first coating of white alone 
hides the original tint of the clay. 

The specimens shown are productions of artists 
of the third and fourth century B.C. Some figures 
and groups show the realistic side of life while 
others portray mythological ideas. The impression 
that these artistic objects produce is profound. 

A few fine specimens of Greek and Roman glass 
may be viewed in this case. 

Note. — American paintings may be viewed during the summer 
months at the Fifth Avenue Art Galleries, 366-36S Fifth Avenue, 
between 34th and 35th Streets. The Exhibition is given under the 
management of the Art House of Thomas B. Clarke. 


"A highly informing bopk." — Brooklyn Times. 

# Art for Art's Sake # 

Seven University Lectures on the Technical Beauties of Painting. By John 
C. Van Dyke, L.H.D., Professor of the History of Art in Rutgers College. 
With 24 reproductions of Representative Paintings. i2mo. . . $1.50 

" Sucl\ a book has long been absolutely needed. Prof. Van Dyke has a full command of his 
subject and he makes every point clear. Surely every one will profit greatly by a perusal of 
this admirable volume." — Boston Beacon. 

Sold by all booksellers, or sent, prepaid, by 
CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS, 743-745 Broadway, New York 


22 West Twenty-third Street, opposite Fifth Avenue Hotel. 

Banquet Hall Suitable for large Dinners, Receptions or Theatre Parties. 
Receptions, Luncheons, and Dinners Served at Private Residences. 



By Anna Katharine Green, author of " The Leavenworth Case." Fifth edition. Cloth, $1.00 ; 

paper, 50 cents. 

" The reader's interest in the exciting events is not allowed to flag for an instant. Mystery and 
tragedy are mixed with all the author's well-known ability and power." — Philadelphia Record. 


By R. Ottolengui, author of " An Artist in Crime," etc. i6mo, paper, 50 cents ; cloth, $1.00. 


By R. Ottolengui. i6mo, paper, 50 cents ; cloth, Si.oo. 

" One may safely say that it ranks with the best detective novels yet published in this country." 
— Boston Times 

" An Artist in Crime ' is the best detective story which has been published in several years." — 
New Haveti Palladiujti. 


Under the Auspices of Pike's Peak. By Anna Fuller, Author of " Pratt Portraits." i2mo, 
illustrated, $1.00. 


Sketched in a New England Suburb. By Anna Fuller. Third edition. i6mo, $1.00. 

"One of the richest and most worthy contributions to American literature of the past decade. 
With a pen positively photographic this skilful writer has limned the portraits of this New England 
family, Pratt by name and so thoroughly New England by nature." — Rochester Herald. 

*** Notes on New Books, a quarterly bulletin ; prospectus of the Knickerbocker Nug- 
gets, Heroes, and Story of the Nations Series, sent on application, 



27 west twenty-third street 


SCHAUS' Art Gallery, 


attention of Lovers of High Art is invited to our representative collection of 





A large assortment of the Best Remarque and Artists' Proofs. 


Including the latest Paris and London Publications. 




Second National Bank, 190 Fifth Avenue, 


The vaults of this Company are ENTIRELY OUTSIDE the building, and 


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