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The London literary gazette 
and journal of belles lettres, ... 



P 270.5 




^Juratio OSramitUrlttnrTaj^tfniitrt. 



HARVARD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




FROM THE GIFT OF THE 

DIVISION 

OF 



MODERN/'^ 



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THE ^'"^ 

'/, LITERARY GAZETTE; 

AND 

JOURNAL 

OF 

FOR THE YEAR 

1823. 



COMPRISINO 

ORIGINAL ESSAYS ON POLITE UTERATURE, THE ARTS AND SCIENCES; 

A REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS; 
POETRY; CRITICISMS ON THE FINE ARTS, THE DRAMA, &c.; 

BZOORAPBT; 

CORRESPONDENCE OF DISTINGUISHED PERSONS; 

ANECDOTES, JETJX D'ESPRIT, &c. 

SKETCHES OF SOCIETY AND MANNERS; 

PROCEEDINGS OF PUBLIC AND LITERARY SOCIETIES; 

POUnCAL SUMMARY, LITERARY INTELLIGENCE, &c. &c. 



LONDON s 

Printed h/ B. Btntley, Bait CeuH, Pint Stmt. 

PrauSHKD TOR THB PROPRIBTOR8, AT THB UTBRART GAZBTTB OWICB, STEAKDJ 

SOLD AUO BY BBLL AND BRAOPOTB, BDINBUROH ; JOHN COMMIMO, ODBUK { 
AND ALL OTHBR BOOUELLERS, NBWMBN, &C,J 

1833. 



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THE LITERARY GAZETTE, 

AND 



No. 311. 



SATURDAY, JANUARY 4, 1823. 



PRICE Is. 



•r aw ao«: 

Joumnl of a Tour in France, Smlzerland, 
md Italy, duriae the Ytan 1819, 90, & 3 1 : 
iiUutraled by Fifty Lithogmpliic Frinli, 
Jnm crigiual Draioingi lujcen in Uaiy, the 
Alft, and Ike Pyreneet, By Marianne 
Colston. 3 Vols. 8vo. G. and W. B. Whit- 
taker, )9a3. 
£ve«T body, now-a-days, who travel* a few- 
bandred OMlea fi-om borne, writes • tour | and 
we have some tboogbti onrselrct of once 
aorr craning the Strait* of Oover for the 
parpose of eoinpilinf; materiali, to pPadace on 
«er fetoni an accoont of tome twenty IMgaes 
east eCCalnif. Bot perhaps it woald first be 
wue to jnqnire how the«e artietCa sell ; for, 
tSoagh ioomal writers be munerons, of their 
leaden naltitnde we are not do well hi- 
foraied. This lady has journeyed through the 
apia and a|^ia beaten track of Turin and 
nwenee to Borne, and back hy Kologna, 
Veaice, and Ifilan; a toar which is now 
nude with tittle uore danger or difficulty 
than a trip to Edinburgh or Glasgow, and 
Bay be performed with almost as mneh ee- 
lerin as oar forefather* nsed in getting 
ta ttose northern cities.* Afkcr reerossing 
dw Alps, Mrs. Colston with her hishand tra- 
Mfte sooM varti of Switzerland, and then 
Hdt ihe s(raHii»f Franot fram MaMMM-Mt 
Baideans. A«d ^/tM and eaca of these 
pMtea we llkve not long shure had occasion 
t0 give some account. 

Settittg mvelty ihcrCToR «nt of the que*- 
tisn, (fcir what can b^ written new on theso 
la^c t l by • has^ traveller) we proceed 
togire aa ontiine of the woit before n«l. By 
tie by, ■ the first page is- a nOrehy, for we 
•never remember to liav* -beard o»' a lady aa- 
tkor coniraenctng sncb a tour in sdch a way, 
and at such a time. ' ' 

" On the 1st of November, 18l9, 1 knitted 
myMoved parents.faavlng thatdtorniug tied 
ttaatawfiilly bnp«rtaBtOordiM(0«Klian)fcnat 
which the haird of death can alone nHtle,t 
and from which tA« tknad ifi life becomes 
either nracfa moris or mnch less happy than 
before. On the 3d of November, with a sky 
■nasaally serene for the season, and a favour- 
ii^ breere, we«mbarked on board the Che*, 
terfieid Packet from Sonthampton." 

" So tbn* (as the Dake AraOka says) begin* 
■arUoneynoon," and the new married eonple 
kastea on to Paris. The bride we find 
ihtwighoat full of occasional nausea, certain 
^isalH*,aiid tender fears: they. begin ere she 
reaeiies Bouen, and continue with her (though 
happily without any disagreeable conse- 
^aenees) till she quiu Italy. At Yvetftt, 
soon alter leaving Havre de Orace, tbcy stop 
tta« iaa:— 
- - - " The woman who attended ns, and 



who with the, exception of a boy wa* the only 
Individual we saw at this inn, was. a person 
whose appearance and manner reiEalled to 
my mind all the horror* which 1 had read in 
the narratives of fiction. With a masculine 
fierceness of air, and. a menacing gesture, 
which at the same time appeared veiled un- 
der an assumed carelessness and indiffer- 
ence, she seemed to me the character who 
would in£arm the distant banditti of the pre- 
sence of the nigh# guest, assist in robbing 
and murdering Ae prpy, then partake the 
£erce and bor^ carousals of the ruffian 
band. Had web^en in a lonely part of Italy 
I should have considered our Kves were in 
danger : a* it is, cither I was greatly mis- 
taken, or she is one of those women who are 
the wonder and disgrace of their sex. Per- 
haps, after aU> I judge her too harshly, bat 
the manaers of some of the females of this 
country wtonlih me ; they seem to have no 
modesty, and without this quality a wom»n 
ui my opidoD almost Iq*i!* her sex, and h«- 
comesabeiagatwhem I wonder and tremble." 

Whether this terrific woman turned out the 
wonder or disgrace of her sex we ore not 
inforoied, but the travellers resuqied their 
journey next morning " with delight," as 
Mrs. C. says, and witli their throat* uncut. 
" At half, after 10 a'cloek,* o« the «th of 

veMber w« wiarod Pai^ Jft tte Jardin 
desTiiiferies ahd^a^ted the Pafel* KoyaT.^ 

We are not veiy well aware howt^he pew 

Jiarried couple found out this c|Mrance-rthe 
ardiu beinK nearly the o^nter o( P^ris, and 
the usual avenue into the city frtpn Rouen 
lising by the JNtte St Dc^s or th« Barriere 
de Clichy, both' of whiA are on Ae hither 
side of the Palais Royal) 

The usual routine of sights in Paris follows, 
in which nothing new is discovered, nor any 
idea particularly novel broached;- In p. IS, 
the authoress wtrlbutea.to Dr. Haningtou a 
reply: which we have always heard ascribed 
to Dr. Johnson : '* When some one observed 
to him, as a piece of music wa* eonehided, 
' How surprisingly difficult the execution of 
that lesson !' ' Vei,' said he, ' it is a pity that 
it is possible.'" In the same breath we may 
notice a similar error, at p. 197, "Palaces, 
pictures, furniture,' every thing is to be let 
or sold in this ciQr, Rome ; and the observa- 
tion of aa ancient Boman may justly be 
applied to iu present state 'That Bome 
itself would be tor *ale if a pmrchaser could 
be found rich aaoogb «o buy it.' " This 



■ Webelime^aconcier with GaTcromeuc dis- 
Wcfaea rearhes Floieiice m six mm and a half 
ImnLnadon. 'V . " 

t Mn. Colston has not heard oft; or did not 
weoUsct, the powers of " U«g, .UMs, 



* Bj the bv, setting out on a tour with a mar- 
riage 18 au aamiraUe recipe for accuracy of dates 
in a Female Tratrlltr. Mrs. Colatou dlsplai^s 
die most precue effect of good breeding in this 
respect, and througliout her Journey keeps time 
punctually. We noticed the epoch of her nup- 
tials, aud in p, 340 we are informed that Como 
iras "the birth-place of her little darifaigAra- 
beUa, -wlio here first saw the Hght of day at 
half after U o'ekick On the 39lhof July," (lft») ; 
that is to say nine months all but two days 
aodisftersbe began her tisrd, if this he not exacti- 
tude, vfe know not vbtt ig. 



speech was made by Jiignrtha, ariJ not by a 
Roman, anrf this prophecy was afterwards 
fiil&Dcd by tfafe tale ot the empire to Didius 
Jufianns. ' 

From the French capital t^ie fenrists pro*. 
ceed by Dgon imd 1)016 to the JinvAtpn, 
which they reach towards the lattisr end of 
November ; and the passage across, rendered 
dilficnlt by the snow, is amusing and interest- 
ingly told. 

" Tiie 'snow -bad recomoumced at six 
o'clock, and Was now falling heavily ; it was 
at this time four feet in depth,, and T., vrho 
has travelled nearly all his. life, said he had 
never seen so much, excepting in America, 
and on some of tlie highest mountains in 
Spain. On these higher ridgas of the Juras, 
which we wrre now traversing, the snow bad 
begun to faH ten days ago, and our assistanla 
gave ns the nof vcrvconsolatery iaformatioq, 
that oa the preceding Monday, an English 
geatleiaaa, travelling in a caliche on this 
same road, badHintwithstanding the precau- 
tion of .a Hedge, been upaet tliree times, and 
had been seven Imnrs li^ag, a post and three 
4]nartefs, or about ain* mile*. The scene 
was grand and sublime ; a deep carpet, as it 
wire, of white velrst, but with a bluet tint, 
overspread the mountains ; ihe fir. trees rose 
nu^stioaliy above ; in 'those immediately 
near us, the dasis greaa of the snder yarts 
-af the haaghrMt uao^red, oalitiraated well 
with the white mantle which <ioth«d all other 
objects; tb« treesat a llttlQ distance were 
sbadad innist by the felling snow. Oiirgnldss 
infonaed us that the substantial poles which 
were placed on ea«h side to mark the road, 
and Which were about twelve feet high, are 
soma winters entirely buried in the snow: 
woe be to the ualitrtanate traveller who at 
sach a time shooid be fonad on these moua- 
tainsl - - • 

" The beeeh ttees lay 4Bost buried in 
snow ; the hardy natives of the scene, the 
Alpine firs, alone towered in m^eshr above ; 
their beantifuLAasses of foliage hioking like 
white velvet, fHnged with green worsted ; 
Buny branches, however, were brekea, and 
some exhibited, headless trunks. A hamlet, 
at tte ihettom of a deep ravine, arrested our 
attention, the cottage* of which were *o 
completely covered with snow, that nothing 
was visible- hot the chimneys, and a darkish 
ontiine^ which marked the shape of tM roofs. 
The inngntes of these habitations, from the 
time wh^n the snows fall, must remainboried 
under them, like the-tiatives of Lapland and 
Iceland, until they melt', which' I should 
thiak, by their appearance, can hardly occur 
before the fbllowing spring." 

They reach Geneva in safety, buthardly 
touch the town, and make the best of their 
way to Chambcry : before they arrive, inw- 
cver, Mrs. C. experiences a nocturnal alarm 
at the faui at Frangy. " All the dreadfiil 
storie* I had read ot travellers murdered In 
their beds in Italy and It* vicinity now dart- 
ed on a^y mind." This fright turns out 
to be merMy the mitral of another EngKsh 



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THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



traveller, and ihe seeks to repose again, 
Between St. Jean de Maarienne aid Lbds- 
le-bourg, they travel by night, and " tha 
black wolves of the Alps, the most savage ot 
their species," haunt the ladv's imagination, 
"J'anct/ing ttiat I heart! th^ b«lf-barking, halP 
howUog sound of Wolves tn the distance, I 
did not pass a very agreeable night. I have 
since been assured that no wolves would 
attack a carriage, as the noise of its motion 
frightens them." What a consolation to fti- 
ture travellers who go this Toad. 

On ascending Mont Cenis, there is an 
animal exploit described, almost equal to that 
of the Kilkenny Cats. 

" We observed the church and houses 

of Iians-le-bourg in the valley below, di- 
tainished almost to nothing, the houses look- 
ing like tombstones, from the immense dis- 
tance. Sinnted firs long continued to clothe 
the mountain, bat at length ajl vegetation 
ceased. On the simimit we saw a cottage, 
into which, it, being vacant during a time of 
very deep snow, seven wolves found tlicir 
way; the snow clo«ing. the door they could 
not escape. Some time af^r, one wolf was 
discovered there and the heads of six others, 
so that it was evident that they had eaten 
each other, and that the surviving one had 
proved the strongest." - - - - 

Having entered Piedmont, the tnvellers 
pats by Snza towards Tario, and stop a night 
at Rivoli, which is a considerable market 
town a few miles from the capital. Here 
horrors thicken, thongh the picture of a 
matrimonial night-scene so early in tke jonr- 
ney is very amusing. 

... "Our (Upper was bad; but. what 
was to me beyond comparison worse, I had 
scarcely retired to rest, fatigued with a 
hard day'* travelling, wbien my ears were 
assailed by snch a combination of bacchana- 
lian sonndsj' from six or'' eight carters who 
were gnesn in the house, a* completely 
banished sleep from my weary eyes. My 
too fertile imagination conjured up a variety 
' of horrors : — an inn where no respectable 
visitants ever came, in Italy, where murders 
so ahnoot nnpnnished; — a set of despera- 
does, intoxicating themselves ai a prepara- 
tion to robbing and mordering three help- 
less travellers ; — such were the terrors which 
agitated my mind, and which I vainly at- 
tempted to impart to my coiv ipoM, who was 
' so sunk (n the arms of Morpheas, that all I 
could extort from him [poor devil I] was an 
occasional entreaty to let him. sleep, and to 
go to sleep myself. Daylight at ^mgth 
' camev and brought with it tiie conviction 
that my alarms were groundless, and conse- 
quent regret for having indulged them, and 
self-reproach for my want of confidence in 
that divine Providence who had. hitherto so 
mercUully protected me." 
The reader will hardly believe that Rivoli 
- and Turin are abont as near as Riclmiond 
and London; and to say the least of them, 
quite as honest, and the road as safe. . 

From Turin to Florence nothing qcMrs 
worthy of particular notice. At the tatter 
city, the name of Alficri seems to hare 
struck the fair authoress with admiratioti, 
and we, who perhaps are hardly capable of 
relishing theiminnter beantles of that power-' 
' ful writer,' ftel some surprise at her giving 
liim the preference over onr own immortal 
bard! Thensoal ronnd of cathedral churches 
andmoieums fbllows, with which the reading 
tai trarelllnswtnldare Bowpretty ioluntely 



acquainted. After a residence of above two 
months at Fioreoee, Mrs. bi with -her hns- 
band set off for Rome. It was not to be 
expected that such a Journey could be per- 
formed without rarious perturbations of soul, 
'and' accordingly aome men, 'who having no 
mind to be mn over in the middle oflfae road, 
and therefore take some to one- side -and 
some to the other, afford great groond 
for apprehensions; and 6n reading a line 
or two farther vre find aome dangers to be 
apprehended from the fair sex, as they met 
" several women^ who firom their nnfemtniiie 
costume, their squalid appearance, and the 
expnaim oftharfmtmrti, would have each atade 
a fitting Leonarda to cook for Oil Bias' rob- 
hers in the cave." - • - A few miles fur- 
ther, " we saw suspended to a wooden 
cross flie bones of thieves and muriercrs, 
who had been execnled, turned perfectly 
black by exposure to the elements. A sight 
how horrible to an English traveller I I have 
omitted to observe, that, throughout our 
vihoU continental jonmey, we have con- 
tinually met with crosses, erected, as we 
are informed, in memorial of some unfortu- 
nate traveller having been murdered on the 
spot." 

Notwithstanding all these ominous appear- 
ances, the travellers reach Rome alive I 

Mrs. Colston's description of the Eternal 
City is good, and plainly toM ; her descriptions 
of what she sees are evidfntly the Impres- 
sions of the moment, and are always interest- 
ing: indeed the tonr throngfaont snows marks 
of freshness and of ease in writing, bat it 
wants, as we fear most tonr* in these parts 
must want, the stamp of originality. We 
omit any account of Rome, and confess that 
in the route thence to Venice we have nothing 
new. At the latter city Mr*. C. visits the 
Budge of Sighs, and then says, 

" We *ent over the arsenal, . which af- 
fords an interesting spectacle, as having 
famished the principal support to the fbrmer 
grandenr of Venice ; at the same time that one 
sees in its present state, a melancholy pic- 
ture of the decline of the city. — We saw the 
Bucentaar, which now ' lies retting, nn- 
restored.' Its form is very singular; it was 
rowed by forty-four oars, and was fbmerly 
covered with gilding, which cost 86,000 
seqnins. The present vessel is one hundred 
and twenty yean old: it was never used 
bnt once a-year, on Ascension Day ; whan 
the singular ceremony Of the marriage of 
the Doge (as head of the Republic) with 
the Adriatic took place, the former throwing 
a ring into the sea In token of the espousals. 
This ceremony was performed off the Island 
of Ui». One may euily imagine the gaiety 
of the spectacle, when all Venice, from the 
highest to the lowest, transported to the 
■ttrface of the Adriatio in their gondolas, 
aceempaniea tbeir chief, to the sound of 
mlisic, cannon, etc and the degree of na- 
tional enthusiasm wMch would be excited on 
such ' o ccasi on s . The Venetian nobility 
Mktei the French 89,000 ducat* to leave 
the Bdcentanr untouched; but Bonaparte, 
in the Spirit of oar Edward I, commanded 
that it shonid he despoiled of all its rich 
materials, and we now see only the black- 
ened ' skeleton of her Titanic fonh.' " 
' The view of Venice from the summit of 
St. Mark'* towar is certainty extensive and 
fine, btit we apfreheml that the eaaal* which 
intersect the city cauot be seea from it, at 
least Mr*. C* eyes mast have bien better 
than oars if ihe «Mce«de4 It thatt ^mo> 



= 1 



very,— the houses of Venice are much too 
high to oeonit their prospect. 

Mrs. Colston quits Venice, and, travarsiug 
the plains of Lombardy, arrives without ac- 
cident at Milan. No oUier terror occars bat 
(ttily that of hearing aome banWtti were on 
the roa4 ; in aonsequenc* of which, " w« 
took the precaution of loading our pistol*, 
and avoided travelling either too early or too 
late in the day." ' 

R«r description of the splendtd OaAedral 
of Milaa i* very good ; thongh it thos ter- i 
■inates — 

''liie building of this church was com- 
menced by John, Oaleas Visconti, in 1$86 ; 
yet, wonderful to say, it was only completed 
under Bonaparte, who cansied the fh^e to 
be finished from the derign of tlie architect 
AmaUl" 

fllie wonder expressed in thisfaragrsph may 
be r e « e i»Bd fi)r nraie future day, as the bnihling 
id not yet comjrieted, nor likely to be for many 
years to come.] 

At Como, as we noticed before; Mr*. C. 
presented her husband with the little Ara- 
bella ; and after a visit to the Lago Maggiore, 
she is baptijced amid Alpine snows, having 
accidentally met with an Enclisfa cler^man 
at the little village of the Simplon, in re- 
crossing the Alps by that passage. " She is 
probably (says Mrs. C.) the first English 
child who ha* been baptised ou the summit* 
of the Simplon." What a pity It is sb« covM 
Bot begin to write her tour I 

The Journey in Switzerland affords nothing 
new. M. Simond's late work on that country 
has nearly exhausted it; and wo have de- 
voted so much suace to tlie first vblanie, 
that we can afford to go no farther widi the 
fair nursing Traveller. This we the less re- 
gret, as from the brief apeciioeas 'which we 
have givea.»f tbie workyionr readier* wi^l per- 
ceive {he tifbt and pleannt style of Mrs. Col- 
ston'* descriptions, and the warmth of feel- 
ing with which she views the occurrences 
that pau before her. The great defect in a 
work of this kind, unless h boasts some ex- 
traordinary talent, is the frequency with 
which all these scenes have been described 
and re-described. Mrs. Colston seems to 
feel this herself, and says in her Preface, 
" request of friends," " demand for niulti- 
plied copies." ' These pleas may be nrged 
perhaps with truth, bnt nevertheless are 
worn so tlireadbare, that the very sound 
renders the reader doubtful whether to laugh 
or yawn at the anticipated feeling of timiM 
which they produce.' 

We woold not be so nngallant as to donbt 
a lady's word; but has not the fair authoress 
herself contrived to make her excuses a little 
dubious, by a note in page 357, voL 3 ? 

In conclosion, to those who have not been 
compelled to read as many tours as ourselves, 
we venture to recommend this work as an 
amusing and agrecabU account of the places 
visited by the writer. 

Fifty lithographic prints, from drawings by 
Mrs. Colston, are pnblislied, to illastrate the 
toar: they are not of the best class, and rather 
overburdened with waterfalls; and we are 
also of opinion that it is an odd taste, and on- 
promising of success, to illustrate an octavo 
book with folio prints. 

mx LtsatAt, No. n. 
The second package labelled " Verse and 
Prose from the South " is of as contemptible 
a standard as in preikoetsor; and only Vms 
obnoxioas to censure, because it Is taan daUy 






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Jbtrill^AL 6P 'PtfB fifeLLfiS LgWUfeSy 



VftnUMedfAbaier literary quality, and flree 
Inm tlia*e atroeities againit feeling, moralt 
kai reHgi<M*i wlilch ^eviioaily excited bo 
gtaeral an ablMrrince. I.drd B^ron'a qnota 
Kaw to be limited to tbc Sttt pirt of a sort 
of drama calM •^Hetven and EaiiU; k 
Mfateiy |" the tt»\ bfciog evidently from the 
alegaat aed fynXbtt -peM of Btr. L^ Hhnt 
•ad eoadjaton, not ill Uie Soath bot at hdrne 
lare^aaa well ktworn a* ilop'otintritsutort to 
deroDct or ttUUilrtggliDf periodicab Of the 
day. I^r Ii*rd B)Fron, wnoie o«pn alacrity 
in (inking bai been as marvelloxnly displAyed 
«f late as his-alac^{^r to swimming was once 
exhibited at the Hellespont, pats as ih mind 
eflUm Moore's t Magpie about to have iti 
Mck. twisted tmt cvitassoeiatlon with dtestruc- 
tireTermiii — 

Vfhm hroacbl ton here ? Bad^ompany! 
Bad compaoy I Mag still czcbimed, Bad company ! 
Bet it aanst'ke.adEOowledged that the noble 
lord has a wonderful knack of adapting 
UsBselC to hfal einnanstanoea : and had not 
Us friend, Mr. Moore, made the best pot 
sibte jest a priori apon his hiHacat brigfatheas, 
%t are of opioioo that the jokM a foUetiari 
(gaintt >o inferior a production as Heaved 
•nd Sarth wonld have bean numeroas and 
alJagiBg. It is well for him that the field is 
fKeeccapied i«.a sraaK but amicable way. 
. The new Liliecal^ 'bating this • Mystery;' is 
!■ rcaKty bate eotlectioa of paper* too Ibng 
for it* ally the BxaailMr newkpaper.- OF 
bath it Bu^ be aatd— 
- .. Aasahier jsd.aaother stitt siBceeds, 
■ JtaAtiis hut fool's a* a t l a mt as tt>t foraiar ;■ 
L«< bBiiiiiiii, there is a gtadaal deelino and 
ML Of tbe caase thereof vie now proceed 
■atbodkally to advise oat- readers. 

. <* Heaven and. Earth" is founded on a mis. 
ly iHeheaa iOB ^o^ the ii v««se of the sixth 
(kapterof CWMab, " And^ttcalne to pals that 
Ike BAM of CkJd saw tbe danghters of men 
ihait they were fair ; and they took them 
artves of a|l wUcb they chose ;" ontef wMcb 
m picee of writing In a ilramattc form is 
kraaight, aimHar in principle to thfe Loves «r 
tike Angels. The characters are, Noah, Bbem, 
Jmfkett ad Irad, of tbe raee ofSeth ; Abo- 
Itttaadi andAnali,i>eaatifi>l woniea,<)eseend- 
anta of Cain s Samiasa (called^ for sbortoess, 
la ih»Aw>.iVr«.Sam!) and Anziel, seraphs, 
Ihtfr havera; the archangel Raphael, and 
diomsaes, dee. evil spirits and mortals. The 
eeaaao opens with ne ladies watching "on 
Armnt, the loninoas descent of fteir cetes- 
|ial visiaau ; and the gentle affbctlen ot 
dkanh (ihMtttfaoat contrasted With the loftiet 
a^ratiaaa orber iister) u sweetly expressed; 

Jdaak. . I should have hnrcd 

Aaasid not leas were he mortot ; yet 
f asa gbd be ia not. I can not outHva him. 
Aad when I- tfaSnfc thx his immortal wings' 
WHl one day -hover o'er tlx lepulchr* 
-Of tlie poor diild.ef day which so adored Umv '. - 
Aa ha adores the Hlc;b«r, death becomes ■ 

•Leaa terrible; but yet I fity him; 
Hb grief will be Of'agea, or at least 
Miae wonU ba such for bin, were I the Serapbt 
Asid he the periatnble. 



d 

^t, 



Aha. ■ Rather «ay,- 

That be will sinjie forth sonie other daughter 
Of Eantf, Slid love hel- as he once 16Ved Anah. 

ifitoli. And if it should be soi Md she-«o wWd 
him. 
Better thus than that hi thould weejl fer ifle.- 

Aha. If I thought thus of Samian's lovrt 



Seraph as he is, I'd ipum him fnMh me. 
td our inrocatlort ! 'Tfe the hour. 



» Tlie PtsaaS have felt that ther went too far 
b ootrai^g all the pogd sympathies of iiuinkind , 
Ind 04e » most smrelUng amende for it in their 
Mmta,ilin»— 
^ tDMtad of a leone khig never left a realm 
e," Itead " a wewler king ne'er left a reUHi* 
"'-tnatcKd of " a 6asr Uftg yt«mt)t/' read 
oar woman." ! ! ! 
t> Mot the aotbor of the UaWi of tte Angels 
tmh*«fFiMt-«ttce^ 



All 

But 

before we describe these Invocation*, *nd 
other tMracwHibh re>emble them in the shape 
and stnmture of the lines, we will qoote the 
very ftW passiftei which have occurred tons 
in examhitng tbe-mhole^piece,-as possessing 
tolerable beaifi^. Abd first, the descent of 
the angels ;— 

- ifnoh. Lo ! they have kindtad alL the wiM, 
Like a Tetnroing sunset ; — ^lo ! 
On Arsiat'a late secret cr«at 
A mild and many-eoleur'd bow. 
The ramoant <rf their flashing |Mth, 
Now (diinea 1 and now, behold I it htdl 
(Utumed to night, aa rippUng foam. 

Which tbe lev'iathao hath Isah'd 
Frost bia uafirehomable home, 
When sporting on the face of the calm deep^ , 
Subsidy toon after be again hath dash'd - 
Dowq, down, to where tbe oceaa'tfoonuinssieep. 
Japhet's suliloqny on the approach of the 
deloge. Scene, the mountains— i cavern and 
the rocks' ofCaucasus. 

Ye wiM», that look eternal ; and thou cave,^ 
Which aieera'tt unfathomable ; and jre mountaint, 
SO varied and so terrible in bciuty ; 
Here, in your rugged majerty of rocks 
And toppling trees that twine their roots with stone 
In perpendicular places, where the foot 
Of maa would tremble, could he reach them— yea. 
Ye look eternal ! Yet, h> a few day*, [huried 
Perba^ even houVt, ye will be changed, rent, 
Befot* the nuts of waters ; "ihd yOu ca»t, 
WhiA seems to lead into a lower world, (wi»e. 
Shall have \xt dtpths tearch'd by the Sweeping 
Aiid dol^ins gambol i* the lion's din*. 

AndtMn Oh.men! myfellowbeiogs! Who 

Shall Wtep above your uiiivertal grave, 
Save 1 ? Who shall be Itfttoweep ? My kinsmen, 
Alas ■ what am I bMfcrthan ye are. 
That I must live beyond ye ^ Where shall be 
The pleasant places where I thought of Anah 
WhlW I had hope ? or the more savage haunts,- 
Scarce leat bekWed, where I despair 'd fbi her f 
And can it be l—Sball yon exulting peak, 
Whote glittering top nlike'a distant star) 
Um low beneath the boKbg of the deep t 
No more to hare the n.omiag sua bitak fertb. 
And seattsc hack the mists ih floating folds 
From in tremendous brow? no more tohatj ■ 
Day's broad orb drop behind its head It even. 
Leaving it with a crown of many hues ? 
No more to be tht fi«aj'dn oftHe world,' " 
For angela to alight Ori, as the spot . , , 

Nearest the stars ? And can those wotds" niimont' 
Be meant fer thee, for all, things, save for iis. 
And the predektined creejiing things reserved 
By my sire to Jehovah's bidding ? May 
He preserve tAam, and / not hive, the power 
To aftaich the loveliest of eattK's daughters from 
A (loom which even some setpent, with bis mate. 
Shall 'tcspe to iave hit kind to be prolong d. 
To hiss and ating tlirough some emergiitg wwld. 
Reeking and dank frorti out the slime, vfltowooie 
Shall slumber o'er the wreck of thl» until ' ^ 
The salt niorast'kubsiae into a- sphere 
Benelih the aun, and be the monument, 
Th* aole and undittingulth'd lenulchre, ... 
Of yet quick myliadi of all liffe ? How moth 
Breath will be stSl'd at once ! AD beauteous woild ! 
So young, M tttatk'd out fbr destruction, I 



With I defi; hiart hwkon thee day by day, 
AndYiight bynlght,-thynumb*reddayaiOdilights. 
I cannot lave thee, cannot save eVen h6r 
Whose tdve had made me love thee mpre. - i - 

The same subject ia irregolarly and, in pitrt, 
finely treated by a choriM of SpiriU; 
Haik 1 \UX\ ittesdy *e cah hear the veicd 
Of growing ocean 'a gloomy swell) 
Th»Whids,'tbO,)ilnlfaethefa'i4erdng whigi! 
file clouds have neariy filled their springs ; 
The fountains of the great deep AaU be brdken, 
And heaven Mt wide her wbalOWs ; while tnah- 
khid 
View, unadcnowledged, each tremeddous tokan— 
Still, as they were ficom A<» begioliiri;, bliiJd. 
We hiar th« toandtbiy cannbt heir. 
The mattering thunders <f th« threattnfai^ 
sphere t 
Yet a few hours their coming is dcliy'd ; 
Their fltthingbaimtrs,roliledsUUodhl^, 
Yet unditplsy'd. 
Save to the Spirits' dll-pervadltig ey». 

Howl! howli oh Earth ! 
Thy death is nearer than thy recent Uttfa ; 
Tremble, ye moemidn*« loon to abtiak bHeW 

The ocean'k ovetSotH I 
The wsves shall break upon mi elHElt tttd abells. 

The Ihtle Shells, rfoeean'l leaiit things b( 
Deposed wbete new the Mgle'S oHprtng dwells— 
How shall he shriek o'er the reraonlelesk sea 1 
And call his nestlings up with frbhtoss ybll', 
Unanswered, save by tfce'eaeroaMng swell ;— 
WhiU mKl Shall long In vain for bis bttnd wittgSk 
The wingt which could not save ;— flaings 
Wfiere could he Mim themi while the Whole sjwce 
Nought to hit eye beyond tbe deep> his grsvt > 
Japhet's definition Of lo4e mnut cidsb this 
brief^Hst of selected beauties, and it te ibelan- 
choly to ttibk that forty of I<drd Byran't 
pages |>reseHt no mare. 

Alas ! what else hi Love but Sorttw ? Even 
He who made earth, in love, had soon to gri4va 
Above ita first and beat inUabitimts. 

It must now ba eor lest satlshetary Md 
far more tedions task, to exempury tiie bppe^ 
site sideof tbepictnre, in which the qnatltlty 
of trash unworthy of any poet of this tithe of 
Lord Byron's reputation, absololely surprises 
oa. We return to the first invocation of 
Anah, wbicb is of tbe sbodlrest toUde-rol bilf« 
foonery. 

SenphI 
From thy qhsre ! . . • 

'Whatever star conuin thy. glory \ ■ 
In the eternal depths of heaven 
Albeit thou watchevt with •' the seven," > 
Though through apace mfinke and hoalf 
Bewrc thy bright wings worlds be driv«a» 
Yetnear! 
. ^hi thiojc of her who hoUi thee dear I 
And though ahe Itothiog is to tbee, 
Ye^ think that ihoo art all (o her. 
"Tbou cauat not tell,— and never ba 
Such piingi decreed- 10 aught sasd mar» 
"rhc bitteraeat of teara. 
Eternity is in thine years, 
Unborn, uodymg bcauqr in diine eyes { 
With ate tbou capat not sympstMie, 
Except in love, abd tl|cfe tbou most 
Acknowledge th^t more loving dnst ' 
Ne'er wept beneath the skies. • • • 
'Yet, Seraph dear I 
Oh hear!— [Ob dear.] 
Gretttt their love who love m sin aad Mr} ' ' 

[Oh dear.] 
And adch, 1 feel, $n waging in my bean 
A war unworthy, Sc «c.— [Oh dear.] 
Tbe change of sin and (ear fV-om |>atoioQi 



into personal combatant!, in the penulti- 



Digitized by 



Lioogle 



■^■"■'BaeBBaaaaaiaiinii i , n .,, 
mate l^ne, it a bold inroad, «iid the wliole af- 
fair bear* a close likeoeM to a dogcrel in- 
tcription oq ,a tomb-atone. What ituff tiie 
following reproof of Noah for Japhet'f 
gramblingl— 

Peace, tiiiU of paauoo, pMc« '. 
If not within thy ban, yet with thy toiigtn 

Do God no wnmg I 
Live aa he willa it— die, when be ordaina, 
A righteoua death, unlilce the arcd* of Cain'a. 

Ceaae, or be aorrowful in ailence ; ceaae 
To weaijr Heavcn'a ear vixb thy aidfidt phdnt. 
Would'at thou have God commit a ua ibr thee ? 
Such it. would l>e 
. To alter iiia ioieot 
For a mere roonal lonow. Be a aw* / 
And bear what A^m'a r^ca muat bear, and mm. 

And to tU» balderdaab the reply u neailr 
equal— I , ' 

Japi. Ay, father 1 but when tliey ate gone, 
And we are all alone, . 
Floating upon, thf aaure deaart, and 
The depth beneath us hidei om own dear bnd. 
And dearer, atlant friendi and brcttii«n,'aU 
^amt4 m its inuaeaauraUe breaat. 
Who, who, our tcali, our ahrieka, ahaU then 
command? 
Can we in deaobdon't peace have reat ? 
Oh God ! be thou a God, and apare 
Y«t wiiile 'tia time ! 
Regew not Adam'i fall : 

Mankind were then but twain. 
But they an numeroua now aa are the waves 

Awl the tren^doua rain, [gnves, 

Whose drapt diaU be less ibiclfthan would their 
Were graves permitted to the aeed of Cain, 
^it is tUck-atudding of graves, bot not 
•half ao ridienloiis as, what tbilows, where 
SaiA beats Japk hollow in absurdity :— 
Noah. SUence, vain boy : each word of thine's 
J aciinieJ i !' .' . » ' ■ . 
Ai«cl ! foigive tttii leripling'aifmd.dMir. [Ye ! 
AiP&. Scrapbal .<)iaa» mora^af^ak hi uwiott: 
Who are, or WmwU be, paasionleaa and pure, 
May now return with me. . 

-_*■• It may not be: 

We have choten, and will endure. 
^. Say'stthou? [Amen J 

•S^. He hath and it, and laay, 

A^w. Again! 

Then ftom this hour, 
Shorn u ye arc of aU ecltttial pOwkr, 
And aliena fiom your God, 
Faiewell ! 
fiapbaet mnit surely have been a litUe 
cracked, to bid Beinga Fart WM, in the saqie 
breath which told them they were doomed to 
eternal alieiMtion from happlneat ! his rnd 
by It I. blesaing to the damned I For the 
■rgumenative pathetic, we think the Foilow- 
ing worthy at a place with the preceding. 
It is a chorus of mortals, bnt deserves to^ 
immorul. 

Oh son of Noah ! mercy on tby Und ! 
What, wilt thou leave ua all— aU— otf behind ? 
While safe amidst the elemenial strife. 
Thou sit'st witWn thy giurded ark ? 
A Mother {oforing htr tn/imt to Japhbt.) Oh 

letthia child embark! 
1 btougbt bun forth hi woe, 

■ -But thought it joy 
To see him to my bonm clinging w. 
Why was he bom ? 
What hath he done— 
My unwean'd aon— 
^ move Jobovah'a wrath or acorn ? 
What ia there fat this milk of mine, that Death 



THJg lilT ERARY GAZETTE, AND 

Bn-T-TTW-mn I iMi _^ _._. 



^ Why notjuict ^ and then it might be w^tfr-J 



ctnti, 



Should stir all heaven and earth up to deitioy 

• My boy, 
And roD the waters o'er his fiadd breath ? 
Sara him, thou seed of Setfa ! 

Borietqne can go no farther!* Nor does 
the anthor aUD« lest in the plain easy col- 
loqiiial. 

Japhtt. Ob,Anah! 

Irad. But she kvea thee not. 

■«9*' Alas! 

Irad. And proud Aholibsmab sportis me aim, 

Japh, I feel for thee too. 

*»<'• Let her Imp Aer pride, 

Japh. I grieve not for myseIf,nor fear ; 
lam aafe, not for my own deserts, but those 
Of a wtlUdmng un, who hath been found 
Righteous enough to save his children. 

The leaden and heavy proainets of this qno- 
tation shows bow absolutely necestary- it is 
in poetry to measure out the ilMioghU accord- 
ing to a certain formula, and begneach line 
with a capital letter to show that it is verse ; 
otberwisethiscompoaitionbymy LordByron, 
with Us innumerable terminatioiM in ^,mi$, 
butt, and wtU<, would stand a bad chance 
of being mistaken. To render this iwire 
dear, we shall dip at hasard into a page, and 
print it as if it were prose : 

Japh. And is It so, that ye too know not? 
Angels ! angels ! ye hav? sliared man's thi, and. 
It may be, nowmust partake his uunisbment • m 
at the least my sorrow. 5am. Sorrow ! I ne'er 
thought tilt now to hear ao Adamite speak rid- 
dles to me. Japh. And hath not the M(wt HiSh 
expounded them? Then ye are lost, as they are 
ost. Aho. So be it ! If tbw love as they are 
Inved, they will not shrink nwre to be mortal, 
than I woold to daie an imiiMrtality of agonies 
with Samhua ! Annh. Sister ! sister ! apetft 
not thus. Aim. E«ai!«3t thou, my AiSh? 
Anah. Ym. for theg IwfluW leugn the greater 
remnant of this IKOe me of mlneT before one 
h«ur of thine eteHiity Jibdnldkittw a pang. 

If this be poetry, then is the 26th chapter 
of Numbers also poetiy. Having quoted so 
much, we need hardly point out the miserable 
rhyme* which continually occnr, snch as 
sorrow— thorough I Bot we will ask a« opi- 
nion on this simile, 

.... Go, Jsphet, 

Sigk to the tuts 01 wolrei hovl to the moon ; 
which, if we catch the author's meaaing, is 
about aa disagreeable a mode of sighing as 
ever was practised either before the 6ood or 
after. Among tbe Uuli blunder* we find 
Ana for h» almost invariably nted tuigramma- 
tically, and we subjoin a carious spndmen sf 



• Though for mere doggrel the following is m 
good: 

-•- Of tbe tons of Cain 
None shall remain ; 
And all his goodly daitghleri 
Must lie beneath the desolating vmteni 
Or, floating upward, with their long haw laid 
lAhKg the wave, tbe cniel heaven upbraid. • - • 
Sam. Raphael! . > 

The first and fairest of the sons of God, 

How long hath this been law, 
Thst earth by angels muat be lek untrod ? 

Earth! which oft aaw 
Jchovah'a footsteps not diadain, her and f 

The.worid he loved, and made 

For love ; and oft have we obey'd 

His frequent miasion with delighted ptmmi. 

AdoAog him in hit least works diiplay'd; 
Watchbi thia youngeat aur of hia dawtniiMU. 
. To which Raphael ridiculously gnawers, that 
ihef are debased "hy moi-tal feellugs for a mor- 
tal »•»«," »c. - . 



this grace, like a grammar rale, bat itot 
grammar. 
Japh. Let me die vrith thi$, snd iJkaai' / 

Noah, Thou thouU'tt Sat. such a thought, but 
thsk not ; be 
Who can, redeems thee. 

Sam. And why iw and 0*^ 

More than what he, tby aon, prefeis to both f 

Tbe dread Deluge itael^ or a« it la face< 
tiously called " tbe alUetmnglaig deep," it, 
delineated in tbe most puerile way. The 
most toblime of earthly themes it treatedJike 
an old song — 

Lo ! they come 
The loathsome watera in their rage ! 
And wiihthtirFoarmakewboleaomeNatarc dnmbt 

The fbrest'a trcca (coeval with the hour 
When Patadiae upaprung. 

Ere Ev« gave Adam knowledge ibr ber d6aw. 
Or Adam his &rat hymn of atavery simg,) 

So massy, vaat, yet green m their old age. 
Are overtopt, 

Their summer Unaioms by the suiges lopt. 
Which rise, and riae, and liac. . . 

A bad imitation of one of the worst mctba< 
dist hymns ia but a wretched thing for the 
Pisan bard to achieve, and that too on a 
sotyect calculated to awaken tbe aoblett eo* 
tba'tiatm and grandeur of poetry,, if toch 
exitted in the mind of tbe writer. Tbit c«f 
tideration rendert tbe talfaire more itriking; 
and we dismlMi the mediocre and iaii|3d 
Mystery t« the oblivion prepared for it. 

rbe next paper, called thc^ OialiTre,1r» 
flippant introdaetioA to and mitetaUe trans- 
lation of aome aonneu by Casti. It* anin- 
telligible prattle about the " wtitnil litmmiei 
fatultitt ifpoeU in general," and the " miirl at* 
f count" ot the sonnets, render its aloppy fock>' 
neyism unworthy of any notion. To. tlie Olali 
Tro..fNcceeds ^iH)<rCss«y " iWithdi Spirit of 
Moafr«b]rs'N«ihich.we sbonhb truesa^y its 
style t« be from tbe pen of Mr.Willlatekiit. 
litt. It displays endless verbal antitheaet, 
out of wbioh we at leait canhot pick seate. 
As £>r as we can comprehend it. It is writtea 
to prove that a man hatea eitiy other man, 
and tlierefore withes to have a king t* 
aggrandiae hi* own vain-glorV at tecond hawl. 
Some equallv ingenions |>araaoxes are breaeh* 
ed; bnt it is only possible gencralfy ta aec 
that they are paradjxet,withoat being enabled 
to ascertain what- tlie author. meaot. For 
instance — . . 

« The Madman lit Hogara who faocle* 
himself a king, Irnot a toUtaiy instance of 
this species of ballucinatioa. Almoet eteiy 
true and loyal sabject holds such a barren 
sceptre in bis hand ; and tbe meanest of the 
rabble, as he rant by the inonarch'a tide, baa 
wit enongh to think — < There goei my rojMt 
icif !'. From the most absolute detpot to &» 
lowest slave there is bat one step (do, not 
one) in point of real merit. At far at truth 
or I'caton is concerned, they might chaog e 
sitnatiuut to-morrow— nay, they constanSy 
do so without the smallest lots or benefit to 
mankind ! Tyranny, in a word, is a farce got 
up for tbe entertainment of poor haman 
nature ; and it might pau very well, if it did 
not so often turn into a tragedy." 

Tbe madman in Hogarth could hardly ia.- 
dite any noqsense more mad than this ; and 
we really fear for tbe writer's intellects, whett 
from kings be flies to stage kingq, and asserts 
with great empbiuit, Uiat " Kean has ft 
heart in Ilia bosom, beatiqg .with Aiumh pas- 
sion :'' that " be it a living nan, and not an 
artificial oiM " ! aad much more wild and im- 
probable ttoff, ucb at d*eaiM are mad* of^ 



Digitized by 



Cjoogle 



JOIJRNAL OP THE BELLES LRTTHES. 



The next liberal ingredient it entitled 
- 1W I>o|«: to tlie Abn$ers of the Liberal." 
Bat it belies its name, which seems to hare 
beea given ai ttf t m im m, and is simply a 
wietehedhp 4«U attempt at slander upon the 
Dnke of Wellington, whom it accnses ol'baT- 
tag fed Ms iMNiods with biscnlu while his 
■enwfire in want, lliis is so deplorably 
law a thing in sentiment and in composition, 
that we ean scarcely soppose it possible that 
Lord B. had any hand in it. We instance 
•M of the staaus of this most abortire folly. 
• Tsfc," diss a wig, u of pining with one's ito^ 
la decency to Itirii Cuniriinigs, [bloods. 

At least of loMniag thsm ! Why, d— n their 
Or rather no Uoo^ lor they've no such th'mgt, 
(In tact they are but two Such predoos floods. 
In hones* families, end those of kmgt) p quietus,' 
Yi not hare giv'n them Whst's-iiis-name's 
And stopt ei» gilded est from Incitatus." 

With so decided a sample of this ribald 
tnanpery we shonM leave it to its rest, were 
knot that -We have a few words to say on the 
mention which it has pleased to make of the 
Utemry Qaaette among iu dog establish 



CeapmOef,— No one ; Baker snd Punrey'r, 
Sr WiUian Curtis ; Gtoam, Sir Hudson Lowe ; 
Sorreyors of the Ctdhn, George and Co. ; 

B«d-saaker, Mis. Liech i Scratchcr Eatr'ot'naty, 
Right HooounUa the Earl of Lsudardsla ; 
BmlLcrs of Bonsa and Biscoils, Men in or'nary ( 
Tickler and T^Hibsarer, (tome spell it Tsle) 
J. W. Cr^ar, chiefly when its Incno swiy ; . 
Cha;laia (Chuicb Osg-Vsae, going with tDe gtie) 
The Revmnd. Nero Wihoa; Scanawers, 
The Beaeonsi Bladtwoods, Bulls, sad Oasetteslt. 

T»tUa very sritty text badd«4aa espla- 
mtnrjr Bcte, tds.^ 

«« Asitdf Ih m rh i d geotry^'M i ff i t w u of tlledi 
stoerer (baa the dMrnn, bat all w>tte taate^Kai 
«f nsovaltepndeBbe, and tordidiieis of mind. 
The Uteaary Caa et t s cr i are promoted beeanse 
ter had the Indi to be uotioed ij Lord Bjrtoo, 
hewe bis Lordship v^as infonnea, to his great 
mofuAvtMhM), that nobodv else tliqught them 
wortaiMaefc. The others nave had aimilar good 
intaiie In otfier quarten, or I >boald cenainljr 
■at base pbilnted my iuk with aiiy of them." 

The " Slinciad gentry" we perceive have 
■ot fonnd their Pope at Pisa ; and indivldu- 
■fly we are' amated with the espedai notice 
•f the Literary Oaxetie in the apology for 
lu farmer good ' bale. ' It seems that the 
■ate at least is not from Lord Boron's pen, 
^ ftooi some toad-eater entertaining a dne 
4c fe ren» e for the honour of even being kicked 
by m LiiM or any personage of that bigb 
rnk. Now, as we are not altogether of this 
boBomr, we matt say that we would much 
nther have Lord Byron's censure than Iiord 
Byroo'a praise ; ihongh at the same time we 
nr« pericctly indifferent to either. We la- 
■teat that his Lordship shohid have suffered 
any mottifleation on onr account; and that 
he alKHifai £Mlishlf have committed himself 
te aotioe something we bad taid,' before 
Ta*dy -aapplied him with the information he 
s4 to want, that we were not wordi no- 
From this we observe, how nsefnl hit 
companions make themselves to the 
aoMe,bat senseless Poet; and we trnst that 
the food effects of their iotellifence may 
aama De (what they are not yet) visible in his 
faAHealions. Of tlie Bulls and Beacons we 
to hare no knowledge. The former, 
neaee, b bitter enough sometimes, 
I Is attdcntly. « Ml^dy," since it hat had 
ti cotidtMcemioa at LopI Bvron in 
; with oeatnre the Literary Gnsette 



as for the poor squad aboat Blackwood's 
merry Miscellany, we thiidc there are dnncet 
among them, able enough to fight their own 
battle with the Don Pnfi of Pisa. Let the 
Uiing North alone to meet the i*^ South. 

Bnt we most now wind up this strange 
eventless history. The Liberal Inrther con- 
tains a description of Genoa, not iniich in- 
ferior, for that eould not be, to the account 
of Pisa. A paragraph from the coesmence- 
ment is enough lo sliow what nbbith it is — 
" Imagine (says the writer) a glorious am- 
phitheatre of white houses, with mountains 
on each tide and at the l^ck (of the houses.) 
The base is composed of the dty, with .its 
efatrria and Aifikitti the OTBBr himm ai« 
country seats (and what are tbm doing, why) 
laokmg Ml, OM oiow tk* other, up IM kill. Here 
is a clear idea of Genoa, which is very un- 
like any other place in the world ;— yet such 
it ihit itnpld'epittle throngbout. It h fol- 
lowed by a Tale of the Patsions, which conM 
move no passion, unless ennui be one ; and a 
long rigmarole abont Rousseau, written by 
one Carlone, bnt who will read it transcends 
onr posser to tell. An uninteresting Paper 
about Loncns the tophitt; and an Etsay on 
the SeMdlCharaeler in the manner of " The 
Spirit of Monarchy," which smeth (ea gr.) 
that a Scotchman " Is not a unit, but an ag- 
gregate ; be is not a link, hot a chain," and 
ether things just as nonsensieal, have been 
thrown in for Bthi— ■• and a pedanlie piece 
of biaodering and barbaroua parody on Vir- 
gil, ekes out the Number la the same laud- 
able fashion. The-smart Ms, at asaat, come 
tail and cktte the rear. IlieV' are fit for 
nodiinrelte. Witness the wittlett-Alfieri't 
■ liction : 

Petctbenthefinttt^.. ' . .^_ ■ 

But isxuiiiinbiilKtirlf^ i 

Pesce, piiests. Mi iron 4lse» I ' 

But few, and don't Inwl so : 

Oar csidinab bright 

Let 'cm leave ui our li^tt 

Thechisfaftheset 

Let him tske to bis net : 

llien laws, snd no Idng; 

And let Italy shig. 

MEW novr. 
To tilt Tune (f « WAy Aow nsio, asuey >h1«?" 

Why how how, saucy Tom, . . 
li you thus must ramble, 
' I wUl puhliab lome 

Rtmsikt on Mister Campbell 
Jbamtr. 

Why how now, Parson Bowks, 
Sure the priest is msudlio ! 
[r«lA<Pulite] How csa you, d— n your souls I 
Listen to his twsddliog ? 
Such being the character of this work, wa 






of observant minds. ' The pen of Dr. Middle- 
ton threw a light upon many of the details, 
and it was reserved for Mr. Btant, Iqr the 
present volume, still more corieush' and 
minutely to trace out the snl^eet, and bring 
before thepablie an ilhistratien'of it at once 
iattractive and entertaining. 

The author daimt for his Work a literary, 
and disclaims for It a polemical character ; 
and we agree with him on these points, 
though for reasons different from those which 
he has alleged : and chiefly because we think 
the gorgeous show and ceremonial appeals 
to the tenses, which distinguish the Roman 
Catholic Chui«h, are not, if not intrinsically 
erroneous, to he impugned merelr on ac^ 
cbont of their- foundation in and Itteness to 
the Heathen forms which preceded them. It 
was a natural - consequence that the new 
worship should partake of the -externals of aH 
former modes of adoration ; and we have 
Divine aathority for the fact, that the Chris- 
tian tenets were ordained rather to purify 
the heart and elevate the soul, than todmnge 
and alter the peculiar wavs by which man- 
kind expressed their devotion* to a Supreme 
Power. 

Considering the subject in this Hght, 
we have greater {deasure in accompanying 
Mr. BInot through his interesting resean;bes. 
We feel that they illuttrate the clatiiet with- 
out censuring anv modern. sect beyond the 
general disapprobation wUiA may properly 
be expressed by a member of the reformed 
Church, against what that Church has re- 
jected as superstitious and mninallag ; and 
we are glad to escape froia the pahaftu wind- 
ings of Geological controversy into the agree- 
able paths oflUeratttre. 

Mr. Blunt't tonrt occupied great parti of 
the ycart 1U«,>1U0, IBMiHdini; aa4 
be begins hi* pnhHthed -travel wlih a good 
essay on the had effectr produced by the 
numerous Fanes and mendicant Orders,* la 



dare say the public will be troubled vrilh no 
more Uberab ; if to, a* Michael *aid lo the 
debased sera|dts we say to Lord Byroo— thy 
depraved taste hat doomed thee to evarlatt 
ing misery, to »■■ wnix. 



Vatiget of the AjtcietU Idemitn and Cmttamt 
ditcottrabU ia anricra Ita^mtd SieU^. Bv 
the Rev. J.J. Blunt, Fellow of St. John^s 
CoUese, Carobrithn ; and late one of the 
Travelliiig Buhetors of that Universi^. 
8vo. pp. S93. London 1833. J.Mumv. 
Thi resemblances, the coincidences, tlie ab- 
solute remains of pagan riles and sapersti- 
ti'ons which were engrafted on Christianity 
in its earliest ages, and still exist in the 
Roman Catliolie eemaonies and cuitomt of 
lidy, have long tbice attracted fhe. notice 



* " Maases for the dead u6w answer the tome 
purpose as the ancient natentalia, tpam wbidi 
they are donbtlets derived. One definition vrouU 
apply to both: they are sacrifices of prayerand 
fawnae made at the aha^ for the tonb of the 
deoeated. They ate more or lets eaetly,aecord- 
ing to the wealth or poverty of the partiet; for 
the mat, many mattet are said, (that it, many 
aactlfioes ate oflerrd ;) for the poor, iiew. Con- 
sequences uf uo less weight are now annexed to 
the celebration of masses than were formerly de- 
peudeut ou the gift of cakes or oxen. . Ip ^pie 
places I he poor are deluded enough to pay a cer- 
tain sam monthly to their priest, for the take of 
hiauring a ceremony after death which they hold 
it to senout a misfortune to want. What then ia 
the advRntage of masses ? It is the piice of in- 
diil|;eiice, or a more speedy delivery from the 
pains of'pontutory. And what was the advantage 
ofsepultnreand the foaeral rites of oki? Amort 
speedy deliveiaoce from the miteiy of waoderiiv 
on the wrong side the Styx. Thedlfibrenoe S 
Inoonsiderable. 

" indeed, the whole doctrine of fnitmUnjJbtan 
aTerydoseafflnlty to a doctrine of the Puiouio 

Shllosophy, and may be summed up in the ad- 
res* or Andiises to nis sun: [From Diydm.J 
« Nor death itself can wholly wash their sl^ ; 
Bnt long contracted filth even in the aool remains. 
The relics of mreterate vice they wear ; 
And ^)Ots of an obscene in eveiy face sf^ear. 
For this are various penances enjoin'd ; 
And some sre bung to bleach upon the wind ; 
Some plunged in waters, othen purged in fires. 
Till all the dregi are draio'd, & all the rust expires ; 
An have their msnes, snd those mshes besr : 
The few, so desnsed, to these abodoi repair. 
And btesihe, m trnjiie fields, tbd ikift Eljfsiin air.!' 



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TH« liWBHABY' OAZBTTH. AND 



muBSBim^ 



th« laad tp whidi hit ob«ervitioni sre di- 
f«ctwl- ^Tbe multituda of lainU in Julyhe 
i^pwt a( viicce^tors to ibt luiUtitude of'eM 
BoniMi |!o(l* ; m»d iastMcei) iever»l c«<«< iq 
whl(h laccf tUoD ntber than imitation it im- 
yli«|l. ltti», for example, he siiys : 

" When in a cpntecrated room annescd ta 
th^ ehapd of B. Catharine at Sienna, I fennd 
It recorded npon a siiuilar tablet. " that in 
^^t hoiiie 8, Catharine one d^y felt «■ avo- 
ron» loncinR (anwrwtMKniWf) to (e« her divine 
hutband ; tlutt tvo very beaiitifol anieebi ap- 
petred to her to comfort her ; hot that the 
tarniog to them aald, ' It is oo.t/y«n I want, 
btitblm whocr«ite(| yon,'" &o, : when in the 
Hm* DMPner J saw it proclaimed," that nn- 
de* lh«t roof ahe hsd been married to Jeans 
Qhcist on the dayof the carnital, in the pre- 
Hftce -af the most blessed Virgin Mtryi of 
King Da«td> who play«j. npon the harp, of 
St, John tlie £yaagtIi«t«.of JSl Paul and St 
Diyajni^ :•" when on eiiteriBg the ebiircb of 
Sk. Rosa at ViterbO) I disooveved an alt»r 
•4w<Md with (ueh ■ btasfdieiny a« the fot- 
lotrioB;— 
, « %i« t*««ea hiudw ncolst^quis tutfus 

rurginii dotes, nbi quam pudicis 
• NuftiU juifctan roluit su^nri 
Nonen OlympiJ " 
Bnt ah { wbst potren of toa{ue can palate 
The Virtues of this virgin saint ? 
For whom, a chaste, celestiit bride, 
The luler at Olytaipus ngh'd, 

Vfhcp I witnessed all this, I say, I ooiild not 
prevent my mind IVoin wiindering to the in- 
terviews between Diaua and Eudymion ; be- 
tween Bacchos and Ariadne; beliveen Venus 
and Adonis ; between Jupiter, Apollo, in 
short, half tbe heathen g(»i^, ^nd as many 
favoured mortals, wtinse names afterwartki 
became emblazoned in the scrolls of mytho- 
logy. It is remarkable, too, tliat the sex of 
tbe parties is as careliilly adjusted in tlie 
former, as. in the latter instances." 

Mountains and fountains are held sacrei) 
\a both oases, and the Penates have only 
yielded place to Madonnas and Crucifixes, 
to which similar respect is paid as to tlie 
former in ancient times. The Madonna, ia 
particular, bears the closest resemblance to 
Cybele, insomuch that her processions, ic. 
in Catania are absolutely transcripts of the 
pagan observances. In minor points, too, 
very strikine; resemblances occnr ; — thus : 

..." Xhe custom of itissing objects of 
T^licioii* reTereqce,'so nniyerMlly prevailing 
ia Italy and Sicily, seems to have bceo a 

S^Tk of affection formerly bestowed on , the 
lages of tbe heatbeq god* yvifh eqnal pro- 
iiuioB. At present, nothing meets the «ye 
more ireqAently. than die wood of a cmcifix 
deeply wOrn by the lips of the devout. JJJay, 
I have seen the.waxen imHge of a saintdnly 
provided with a bion»e foot to prevent at- 
trition; and the toe of tbe statue of St. Peter, 
formed of that metal out of an old Jupiter 
Capitoliniis, in the great church of the same 
qa'me at Rome, is worn perteCtly bright. 

"It appears Uien from Cicero that the 
month and chin of the imag^ of Uerculfis ^t 
Agrigenlum were polished in the same way. 
' In .^lat temple,' says he, ' tli^re '' * bronw 
stitiie' of Hercules, llian wliich ft woulS bat 
be easy tp find any thing more beautiful : in- 
deed, its mouth and chin are Blightlj wora 
away, because tbe people in their prayers and 
thanl(sgiviDgs are not only in the habit' of 
worshipping, but also of kissing it.' (Cijjfr. 
i» Ven- iv. { 43,) Lacreflus a^aio t|;I|i uf 



i ).i"imi i )- ' i . ' -Ji- i . 



that the hands of tbe idols were apt to iqlfer 
inatinilArnianner: 

Tom pottaa proptfr aben^ 
Signimamis dettrss ostenduat atteomii 
Ssepe ulutantfim ta(tu piaeterque meantikia.' 

- Liftr. I. 
Then near the doors tbe rereread statues (tsnd, 
Worn down and polish'd in the outstretch'd bind ; 
So oft the crowd, reiptctful as they pass, 
Salute and tottch the consecated brass. . 
Where It may be remarked, that the people 
offered this salntatidir in passing, as they 
entered or qnitted the temples ;' tlie very 
enstOm aetnally exisfing at this day." - 

'The Heathen Temples were often rtn^ 
verted into Christian Chnrches, mostly in 
the days of Constantine and Theodosins, and 
this opened a wide door for thtf admission of 
the ceremonies which, as it were by prescilp 
tiODv belonged to the original bnildings : ' 

" Thns the temple of Vesta is now the 
ch>irch of the Madonna of the Snn J fire 
being the prevaiHagidea in both appellatlans 
Tbatttf Romulnt and Remns is now Cosmo 
and Damien, not only brothers, but twin 
brother*. The siteof the otd Templum Sa- 
IntU hi sdpposed to be Oconpied by tbe rhnrdi 
of S. Vltale,' if not an imaginary' stint, at 
least one whose name wn* selected as doing 
Kttle violence to that of 'S<lak, In the chnrcn 
of 8. Maria Maggiore, the eradie or manger 
in which our Stvionr vras laid is amongst tbe 
relics ; a pecnliarity very probably derived 
from that bnilding having succeeded the 
temple of Jnno Lndna. At a short distance 
from the old Lavininm, or Pratica (at it is 
BOW called,) ia a chapel dedicated to 8. Anna 
Petrottllla. Here we have, no doubt, a cor- 
ruption of Anna Perenna, the sister of Dido, 
who was cast Ashore upon the coast of Italy 
near thb NnmictnS; a point corresponding 
with the sitnatloa of 'tiiix little ehnrch. On 
that occasion having accidentally met with 
£neas and Achates, and rejected ail terms 
of reconciliation with them, she was warned 
by the shade of Dido-in a dream tb escape 
from the treachery of Iiavinla. In the sudden 
consternation excited by this tiaiob, the is 
said to have precipitated herself ;into the 
Numicius, of which the became the protect- 
ing liymph,— whilst games, daacribed at 
length by Oyid, were instituted to her hononr. 

Hacidi sum Mym^ha Numid 
Amne perenne latens, Anns Perenna vocor. 

i'oK. iii. 523. 
This stream's pemmiai nymph, I steal from view. 
Once Aana called, but now Psrenia too. 
Thns Anna, the sister of the Virgin, ha* in- 
hented the seat and credit of ilnna, die 
sister of tbe qneen of Carthage, on condition 
of adding to her former name tffat ofPe- 
tronilla. 

" In Htc'TDreBoarfoitachnridi dedicated 
to S. Maria in Gokmedin, better hnown, how- 
ever, to the common people nnder the title 
nf inBorcadella Veritii; aname whlch-pH>- 
bably 'preserves the raenroriat of a custom a^ 
Rome of very great antiqnify. It seems that 
in the Forum Bparium was an altar, called 
tlie Ara Maxima, erected by Hercoles to re- 
cord hi* Tictory 9y«r Gacnt. (Ov. Ak. r. 681.) 
At thi* altar it wa* ntnal to ratj^ so- 
iemn epmpacts by an oath, /u4 henf« the 
expresiion 'mehercle' Became so frcqaent a 
form of protestation. 'Socji )ui appeal to 
heavpn in confirmation pf the woras. which 



B*Hid »W lni) ! il1W' 



proceeded onf of i^t month of the cctn^ac^- 



copies a church at no great dittance.fimn 
the spot, the designation of ^rhich<4'-bav(r 
spoken.* - . . -^ • • 

" It oecnrii to me (say* the aathor tnAw 
on in the volume,) to mentioa in this place a 
religious exercise tnbtiating at Borne, whicB 
wears a atrang e appeacanee -to a foreigner^ 
aad.which- is certainly a velic of tbe 'eMea 
time.' Persons are to be seen evetyiiayj 
and all day long, climbins on their knees tM 
Scale Sante, or Holy Suirs, reputed to be 
the same which. heretofore led to Pilate'e 
judgment hall, and which therefere nttst' 
have been conseprated by the feet of owl' 
blessed Ijord. But it i« not to these tlair< 
that the custom is confined, else it might.. 
well have been supposed Uiat their sanctity 
alone was enough to account for such an^b^ 
servaoc^ ; the same may be witnessed, though 
less freqn^tbr, pn the lefty and ateep fli|^t 
of «|teps leading to the convent of Ara Ceeii, 
a building which oceupifs the siteof the obcq 
splendid . and elevatM temple of Jupitee 
Capitolinus, 

" Curions enojigli it is, that we And Juliat 
Csesar, on bis return from Africa, after havinc 
conc{«ded his capipaign against Scipio and' 
C^to, approaching the temple of Jupiter C«-. 
pitolinus in the very same manner. It seema 
that hi<i car broke down with him on the first 
day oif hit triumph; an omen which induced 
him to climb tbe steps of the Capitol on hie 
knees, as a meashre of preeantloa. (JXen 
Camut, lib. )[liii.' 21.) Clandins, after hi* 8ue<; 
cessful expedition against Britain, did tb^; 
aame thing, though no such accident had' 
befallen him, to render it expedient in hia, 
case. - Bat the practice of creeping' upon' 
the knees teems to havp be«i a tnperttinbn 
generally prevailing amongtt ail classes | 
and it is ooR, ftneitgtteevM'bleKidatory ritea 
which the ^redulont Soman matrca is said> 
by tbe satirist to have been willing te per- 
form at the instigation of Ae prietb ofCy- 
bele or of Isis : 

SupeiU 
Totiun re^ agrOQ, nuda ac tnmebwida opest^ 
Erepet geoibus. ' Jvv. Sat n. ' 52S. 

Then see her shivering from the flood, 
Ciawl round tbe fieM on knees distaio'd with blood. 

OigM. ■• 
- • • *' I shall clote the present chapter witli 
one remark more, which may not be thought 
liere altogether out of plate ; that a power 
of releasing cbnricts nnder certain circnm- 
stances, once possessed by the veital virgins, 
is now a prerogative of tiie cardinals. If ai 
vestal met a crimioaton his way to execn-. 
tion, the conid demand his life^ provided sbef 
declared upon oath that the meeting waJl'- 
accidenUl. (Dtnpittr. Aatiq. Am. lib. iil. lO.y 
Tbe same privilege, I say; at this moment is 
vetted in the cardinals; for which reason,- 
lest they shonid connteract the purposes of 
justice, they generally keep within doors at ' 
tbe tinle that sentence it abont to be in- 
flicted." 

This Work, we are senriUe', cannot be' 
sofficiently exemplified to onr reader* with- 
ont giving it tha'beneflt of a terond notice:' 



ing parties, bw with r«hsop been tppposed but te*)!** itself intq tU* a(Mi3ii apj 
to hairp «pUil^ (ijion tlj5yi''f'». *f»? ««• A'il.M'HF*! • 



• " lam aware that the nami; Bocca (leUa Veli- 
ti has be^b imderstood to refier to a stone near 
the entrance of the' rhtirch, in the mid^ 6/ 
which Is a month.' TTiu monlii', tai-^ tradition, 
served heretofore at an ordeal; and the tuspectci 
party, when he had put bis hand fiitd itt was 
unable to vrithdraw it, -nnlcttitaDoeetit. tftkit 
talct howtrtr, it not altogether iibnioiMi it dees 
" ' ' ■ ipeat-to thft 



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JOOBNAL OP THE BELLES LETTRES. 



•ad lk*f«rMi«, 'mat to MUnd the present too 
<hr, «« ahkBooMade with a few aneedot«ia 
Mteetetf from the Bmaber with which the 
V«l«me M iDCenp«n«4 : 

- - • 'X^Ift Sicllv th« tnmllest boat which is 
fAUti aloog-sHore by a fishennan or por- 
ter, would be tkohfht not more ill- appointed 
withoat ao oar, than without a gaardian 
angel for insgranee against calamity. A 
ftiead al^MlM who, In conjunction with lonte 
•Oera, had hired a sparonara to convey them 
»o«n Naplea to Rome, was put to considef- 
iMm {tKoareirience throagh oM of these pro- 
teeton. The bead of Ibe s«lnt having been 
aaflMtaualely Icneeked ofF by some operation 
Br nmagtog the boat, fell into the se^ 
IMhiag «e«ld persqade the master to pro- 
ceed till it was found ; wKeh, from the motion 
•r the Teaael,and the drifting of the head, 
«!• nor soon done. Meanwhile a foul wind 
*prmag ap, which prevented them firom mafc- 
ikg Oatfakj tM alter a most tediens and 
(rsttblesome delay." - • . 

"At Lnc^ Is a famous image of our 

8««ienr, called the Volto Santo. The histoid 
dftt b IM following: theigarewas made by 
aaaerMl artificer of Pulestine, whose only 
dUeatty consisted in carving a suitable hfead. 
fnm this, however, he wai relieved by re- 
eeiviuf one niraonlonsly vent fWtm heaven. 
It kappuaed that a ceruin Pledmoniese 
feMMp who W4S traveHiog in those parts, 
«•«• «o the knowledge of this idol; and 
fodiai; himseir moved to steal it, be ob'Mrved 
a ship without suihtr, passenger, or pilot, 
croishtg off Joppa. To this «ssel he com- 
■itled the priae, when, wonderful to tell, it 
sailed without hBman assistance tO Lerici, 
where it refiw«d toresign its cargo to any 
but tho biahap of InMca. ThU and simtlat 
instsBoea of maderaswRieratMoti'have their 
eooMerpart in UheieHtimes. 'n]to'hN'i« 
eor4ad«ySMtenios, that Oalba and his ad- 
h««al* smgaied the-gfeateit sMeess to their 
eaaae* from the chvnmsuoce of a ship of 
Alexaudria, laden with arms, coming into 
Itertoaa, a towv hi Spuia, selected Ma rally: 
ia^ potet for the reheb, without a single hand 
•• MMd-; so that there was no doubt of the 
war having been uadertalcen on just grounds, 
aad with the approbation of the gods." 

•<lt is curious that a set of men exUt in 
Stcily to this day, eaUed Oieavoli, who pro- 
fcas to heal the. wounds of venomous animals 
^;*eir spittle. They freqaent the neigh- 
houfhood of Sfracnse, and, as I was in- 
tMiMd,-MaaaUy assemble in great numbers 
a« Falaxaoolo, a pUc» at some distance from 
tteC tsty, on the festival of St. Paul, their 
Mttou saint. -Like other emphlcs to he seen 
U Ilaiy, they carry in their hands a serpent, 
a« ^flsMem of their profession, derived, with- 
out question, from remote aotiqui^. The 
■gMs dT Atculapras aud Hygeia are dways 
ad^llagUMhed ; ftr as that animai is said 
«l>M'tteiaf*d to yoBtfa ^nd vigoor on casting 
Wa*Ud,ia Uke manner is the human body 
MMvued aad re-e«ubUshed by the healing 
wtofaiadieiue. {Vld.MiMn»».aitu»W.i.2».) 
A itorf wa* loM ^ of tw» of thtse person^ 
"•«* •«"•* yoara Ufo had a quarrel at $yra- 
cbM. It«eens« thit one of them, a native 
•ftta* cauatry, was jealouk that the other, 
wifc w«* u strnger, should interfere with 
"* ?""*^ ' *** accordingly he reported him 
to th« aaegisitMiw as a man who knew no- 
(tteg M Ui-wtt. The maginrates beard 
Am boa J wkua U was agraed that '«u an 
a p aata t e d dqrttey ihould' again tneet, each 
w^iag «wi« Mhoams aoiaMl b^ whlDh hi» 



aaagobist should be bit, in order that an op' 
portunity might be afforded them of display- 
ing respectively their medicinal skill. The 
meeting was kept. The interlofter pat into 
the bosom of the native an asp, which soon 
produced blood, whereupon tbelatter, by the 
application of his own saliva, instantly healed 
the wound. It was now the native's turn, 
and he presented to his' rival a little green 
frog, whreh spit in his mouth, and to an ap- 
pearanoe killed him on the spot ; when the 
other, out of his generosity and abundant 
expertness, with the same saliva which had 
wroni^ht bis own cure, recalled his opponent 
to life and health." 



Tie Innkeeper's Aihvm, arranged for publi- 
cation by W. F- Deacon. 8vo. pp. 439. 
London : 1823. Tiiomas IVI'Lean. 
The Volume before ns is a pleasant and pro- 
mising miscellany. Mr. Beacon (a fictitious 
name, we pres'ime) is the reputed editor, 
^nd iufdrms us in a quaint Introdnetioo, that 
be is the sehoOlmuter of Uanwrda, a hamlet 
in South Wales ; and that be is induced to 
superintend the eharce of the Album at the 
instigation of the vUlage innkeeper, 'with 
wbom it was deposited by an embarrassed 
author, in Heu of tlie more substantial con- 
sideration of coin, and from whom Mr. Dea- 
con received amrtsMmcAs for the publication- 
This is all very' natural and Orthodox ; but 
why an author should make his own dis- 
tresses a plea for distressing the public, is 
more than we are able to conceive. Of 
a work containing so much variety, and pass- 
ing " fi-om grave to gay, flrbm lively to se- 
vere " with the elastic temporament of a 
harleqiiitt, it is impossible to give any metho- 
dical acfBonnt, and we shall therefore -content 
ohrselvts With a brief aoalysis -of some o( 
It* best and most characteristic features. 

The legend of the Devil's coaeh is fonaded 
on an old Yorkshire traditioB, that when- 
ever a libertine was on the ew of death, a 
phantom charioteer without a bead was seen 
to stop at his door, for the purpose of escort- 
ing him ptrtUge to Topbet This, like the 
spectral narrations of Geoffrey Crayon, 
affords ample room for fancitiil and ioge. 
niotts descnptton ; and the author has-ac< 
cordiagly constructed an agreeable story 
fi-om it. His account of the goblin vehicle 
as it is heard rumbling along the- streets of 
Beverley, with three lawyers and a bookseller 
for its inside passengers, deserves particular 
mention. " It was evening-^ nine — ten — 
eleven — half past eleven o'clock struck ; th« 
nurses had retired for the night, aad every 
coach that rattled along the streets was 
mistaken for tlie acherbntic four-in-hand. 
As the awfol hour appcoached, the night [of 
course] became nnnsnally tempestuous, Mie 
blue lightning streamed through the closed 
window-shntters, and the tfannder echoed In 
rattling peals along (he sky. At this instant 
the Minster clock struck the hour of twelve, 
and the sound of a distant vehide wus heard 
clattering along the pavement The whole 
machine was pieturesqueiy fearful. The 
wheels were composed of the Imnes of dead 
men, the box-seat was fashioned out of 
skulls tbe thickest that could be procured, 
aad the traces and collars were manufac- 
tured from the bleached skin of a parricide. 
As for the headless driver, he was closely 
mntted in a ooat formed of giave-ciothes, 
and as' he drew up at thr door> the ghMt- of 
the libertine appeared, aod virittt u air of 



II I I am Jiii Piggggiggaaa^agaaagaga 
cooi'assluanco took possession of his seat. 
The usual quantityof yells were then beard, 
to wbdcb the thunder very accorombdatiugly 
joined chorus, while the vehicle bowled away 
in a whirlwind,' and the streets of Beverley 
smelt of sulphur for a week afterwards." 

The Essay on " Beading school re-visited," 
urhere it seems that our author had received 
his education, is in a very different strain, 
being tinged tlirougbout with a deep melan- 
choly, with the oaptionsness of wiiicii we are 
somewhat disposed to find fault. In other 
respects- it is ao interesting article ; and the 
cnrxory observations on school friendships, 
with which it concludes, are entitled to 
praise. The author has endeavoured to prove 
that all juvenile Intimacies are mere cliimeras, 
(a sweeping denunciation truly) and be thus 
sums up hi* charges. " Farewell then to the 
friendships of innuwiy ! Too bright, too pore 
for existence, they are the unsophisticated 
children of ttie heart. Forme«^ in a moment 
of confidence, they expire with the cause 
that created them, for when reserye com- 
mences affection terminates. Engaged in 
after years too much with ourselves to be- 
stow a thought upon our friend, our attention 
is solely occupied in bustling through the 
crowd that every where retards our pro- 

f press. Though we see him whom we once 
ov«d, trodden down beneath our feet, we 
cast a look of indifference behind us. I'er- 
hapa at that moment a thought of past times 
darkens our brow. We look up, the crowd 
thickens, the dangers increase ; we sigh 
out ' Poor ihliow,' or some snch epithet of 
pity, and then pass on, - leaviog him nn- 
bOeded to perish or escape. Such is the dis- 
position of oor nature ; the affections of the 
heart, like streams- flowing -«p ttwards the 
sea, roll awhile iw iliCbrent channels, but 
are finaUy ab(ork«d'>4n (b« devoMring oceta 
of self." 

The article entitled " On falling in love," 
is more brilUant.'' It is Ulustratwl with an 
infinite versatility -of comparison, and the 
passion, among other quaint resemblances, 
is likened to the small pox, because a man 
never has it a second time. (Query, Is 
this thought newO " I«ve,'' says the 
author in a tone of contemptuous romance, 
" as it exists in oor degenerate days, is 
a gross onion of desire with interest. 
U has a thousand charms, but then they 
consist in the fertility of an estate, and are 
amalgamated with a settlement. Though I 
•peak with the tongues of mm and of angels 
and have not a rent-roll, (which is precisely 
my ease) I am as sounding brass or a tink- 
ling eymhal. The comtnercUi propensities 
of Euf^and have in part produced this utter 
degradation of sentiment. By referring 
every thiqg to riches as to a first cause, they 
have thrown into the back-ground the finer 
and more susceptible feelings. They have 
cast down the altar of Love, and erected a 
statue to Mamuian oa the ruins. The times 
are no more, when merry England wa* the 
garden of chivalry, aad passion was the in- 
stinct of the heart. Yft have become a fac- 
tions nation of mechanism and cant. Con- 
merce has impoverished our sensibilities, 
and love, whose high priest is Henry Hase, 
^uire, has but oue temple erected to his 
honour— in the Baok, which is fed with obla- 
tions—from the three per cents." 

There are maqy Welsh stretches inter- 
spersed throughout the volume, which as far 
iHtceaic deacription it concerned, appear 
to be very simple aadfhataeteristic Tbd 



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THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



tale of Twm Jobn Catty, the Rob Boy of 
Srales, is' an animated Darrative,' and. poi- 
sesscs a dramatic interest tbat might be aoc- 
cpssfally transferred -to tke boards of some 
of our London tli^eatres. Tlie cooflagratioB 
of tlie nndcrwood, tbe death of tbe robbcir, 
liis hhmorons encounters with the Abbot of 
Talley, and his first interview with Oien-' 
dower, are given with hnmonr and free' 
dcm of language. The White Lady of Llynn- 
y-Van reminds as " as with a diffierence" 
of the Monastery, and in the character of 
Elinor we recngnite a family likeness, to 
tbe Eva of Mr. Matorin. Her death how- 
ever is original and affecting, and so is the 
account of the minstrel, which we shall ven- 
ture to extract. " At nightfall he (Hoel the 
minstrel) retnmed to gaie once more on the 
pallid form of Elinor. There she lay ; the 
same sweet smile, the same sweet expression 
that had characterized her countenance in 
life, preserved unaltered its interest in death. 
She appeared hushed in slnmber^ and the 
harper bent over in breathless silence aa if 
lie feared to disturb her repose. A single 
lock of hair hung down npon her face, one 
bitter scalding tear fell on it, bat tbe monm- 
er dried it in his heart. — When bis last hour 
arrived, he ordered himself to be carried to 
the greenwood. Tlie season was spring, and|>rit loyal -opinions, when he recorded a fact 



' the trees were putting forth their green 
leaves. A nightingale was carolling among 
them, and as the c^ing minstrel listened to 
its #6od notes, m faint stream of pleasnre 
sparkled in his dim eye. A few evenings 
afterwards the same bird was heard singing 
upon his grave." 
Tlie reflections s»ggected by a ramble 

° through ; " Uansaddoa Cbarchyard" are 
full itf tender feeling } ^and it is somewhat 
slnfulrif' to* see how tbet> anthor, with a 
mafkeU "f (|r*Aility>(lf ft^tos, has contrived to 

, rhange the character oif his mind, and write 
• witty essay on the " SelisrloQa and moral 
propriety 6f being drunk." He has attempted 
It however wiih success, for indeed he seems 

' most at home in articles of « lively, aarcattic 
and bnmoroBS tendency. " The Adventnres 
of Achilles, a Hyde Park Romancej" will 
hear out ottr assertions, as it is written 

■ throngliout in a strain of good-hnmoored sar- 
casm, and is besides interesting, from its local 
nature. On the whole, we take leave of the 
anthor with feelings of good-wiH for the 
pleasure which his volume has afforded ns. 
He is evidently a young ind promising writer, 

' and will, we are persuaded, docredit to our 
prophecy of future success. 

tM CASES* RESIDKKCE AT ST. BK£BHA. 

2vou. 8vo. [Seemd A'aCict.] 
With very great disrespect for Monsienr 
Las Cases, we have very great pleasare in 
returning to bis Work,— a fair specimen of 

'the nncbanged Oaal, whose ineomistendes 
increase the amusement we derive from his 
miscellaneons statements. These we resume 
"lompftrssfc" 

• We have beard a great deal of Buonaparte's 
abhorrenre of self-morder ; and his nmons 

-order of the day* on tbat subject has been 



often iinoted by his admirers as a grand phi- 
losophical docnment. Unt the faithful Las 
Cases paints him in an opposite light, for be 
tells us that when the destination of St. He- 
lena was made .known, Napoteon absolutely 
contemplated self-destmction, thongh be did 
notgo qnite so far as to try a leap overboard, 
like, Madame Bertraod. Tbe. following is 
the panfli^ alluded to : 

" < My friends («aid the Emperor,) I have 
sometimes an idea of quitting ^on, and this 
would -aot be very difficult; it is only neces- 
sary to create a little mental excitement, and 
I shall soon, have escaped. — All will be over, 
and you can then traoqnilly rejoin yonr fami- 
lies. This is tbe more easy, since my inter- 
nal principles do not oppose any bar to it ; — 
I am one of those who conceive that the 
pains of the other world were only Imagined 
as a- counterpoise to those inadequate allure- 
ments which are offered to ns there. Ood 
can never have willed snch a contradiction 
to bis infinite goodness, especially for an act 
of ybis kind ; and what ia it ader all, bnt 
wisliiag to return to him a little sooner? ' " 

The contemptible common-place of this 
declaration is pertiaps as derogatoi? as its 
immoral, irreligious, and dastard principle. 
The relator must have had a relapse into his 



*...<< iMued by the First Consul to his 
guard, against suidde. 

'• ' Order of the 22 Tloreal, Year X— The 
grenadier Gobain has committed suicide from 
love : he was in other respects an excellent sol- 
'dier. This is the second incident of tfie same 
nature that has occurred withb a month. 

" 'The first Consul directs it to be Ipterted 
In the order-book of tbe Guard : - 



so injurious to tbe memoiy of Buonaparte. 
Bnt he speedily regains his other tone, and 
relates that " His Majesty " intended, liad he 
landed in England, to have taken the name 
and title of Col. Bnroc, or Muiron, which he 
only did not assnme because his legitimate 
titles were disputed. His next unctious story 
is beaded the "i'^tpilar gtod >'or(ii»« ofthtEm- 
ptnr;" and our readers will learn with soine 
astonishment^ tbat this lingular good fortune 
eensiated In bis winning from eighty to a 
btindred liapoleons -«t Vingt-^t^W-on bls' 
birth-day, while sweeping toward* bis ever- 
lasting banishment, and witliin a few miles' 
sail of the memorable Cape St. Vincent!! 
His fortune was not quite so good, however, 
in one respect, at the siege of Toulon, where 
the foundations of his elevation were laid ; 
for it was there tbat he casght the itch, 
which being slightly treated, the Biographer 
says, 

• . . « the poison only entered the deeper 
into his system, it long affected his health, 
and well nigh cost him his life."- From this 
disorder proceeded the thinness, the feeble 
ness of body, and sickly complexion tl^bich 
characterized the General-in-chief of tbe 
Army of Ituly and of the Army of Egypt. 
It was not till a much later period that Cor- 
visart succeeded, by the application of nume- 
rous blisters on hi* diest, in restoring him to 
perfect health ; and it was then that be ac- 
qnired the corpniency for which be ha* since 
been remarked." 

Even when suffering nnder this disease, 
we are assured that Napoleon was oeverthc- 
less, in a moral sense, remarkably free from 
"an itching pahu." 

'< When be was in treaty with tlie Soke 
dc Modena (says Las Cases,) Salicetti, the 
Oovemment C<HDmissary with tbe army, who 



^' ' That a soldier ou^t to know how to van- 
quish tbe pangs and melancholy of the passions ; 
that there is as much true courage in bearing up 
against mental sufieriugs with cnnstancy, as iu 
remainhig firm on the wall of a battery. 

'"To give ovrselves up 1o grief without re- 
sistance, or to kill onisehes to escape affliction. 
Is to abandon the fleU of battle before the vietoiy 
i»galned.'» .-t~t-"»- 



had hitherto been on indiffereat terau with 
him, entered bis cabinet.—' The CeouBaader 
d'Este,' said be, ' tbe Duke's brother, is here 
with four million* in gold, coatalaed la foar 
che*t*. He come* in tbe nune of Ms brother 
to beg of yon to accept them, and I advlte 
yon to do so. I am a coontryman of yoats, 
and I know yonr family afiUrs. The Direc- 
tory aud the Legislative Body will never ac- 
knowledge your services. This laooey be- 
longs to you; take it without scruple aad 
without publicity.. A proportioaale dimiaB- 
tion will be made ia the Dnke'acontribatioB, 
and he will be veiy glad to have gaiaed a 

Srotector.' — 'I thank yon,' coolly aaswered 
lapoleoo, ' I shall not for Ihataum place aqr- 
self in the power of the Duke de Modeaa : 
— I wish to continue free.' 

" A Comiaissaiy-ia-chief of the same arasy 
uaed olUn to relate that he had witnessed 
an offer of seven millions in gold made ia a 
like manner to Napoleon by tbe Ooveraaicat 
of Venice, to save it fit>m deatmetion.whidi 
offer was refused.— The Emperor smiled at 
tbe transports of admiration evinced by tUs 
financier, to whom the refusal of his Geaeral 
appeared spper-buman — an action much more 
difficult and noble than the gaining of vic- 
tories. Tbe Emperor dwelt with a consider- 
able degree of complacency on these anec- 
dotes of his disinterestedness. He however 
observed, tbat be bad been in the wrong, aad 
tbat such a course of conduct was the naoat 
improvident be cotald have pursued, whellier 
bis intention bad been .to make himself the 
head of a party, and to tcqnire lafiueace, or 
to remain in toe station of a private indivi- 
dual ; lor, on his return, he found himself 
almost destitute ; aad he might have cmti- 
nned iii a career of absolute pover^, while 
his infi^Ar generals Vud Comaiissaries were 
«mif*iliif>liH'ge forlAlU. 'Bat,' added be, 
' if wy Commissary htfd- seen iae eccept the 
bribe, who can tell to-what lengths he might 
have cone } My refusal was at least a check 
upon him.' 

" ' When I was placed at the head of af- 
fain, as Consul, rt was only by setting an ex- 
ample of disinterestedness, and employiaK 
the utmost vigilance, that I could soMced in 
changing the conduct of the Adminlslratioa, 
and putting a stop to the dreadftd spectacle 
of Directorial peculations.' " 

Thus, on Us own showing, it appears that 
fear, and not honesty nbr honour, preserved 
the boasted integrity of Boenaparte— aaotber 
of tlie Immiliating coafessioRs from which the 
partiality of his adherent might have saved 
his memory. Bnt the mmhy Count does aot 
seem to see so lar into his own stories as to be 
aware into what absurdities they commit bias. 
Thus, for further examples, he mentions that 
one of the officers of the ship, " after ^lanciBg 
at tbe extraordinary vicissitude ot recent 
events, said—' Who knows whelber vse nsay 
not yet be destined to repair the ausfortauea 
which we have occasioned to you i What 
would be yonr astonishment it Welliugtoa 
should one day conduct Napoleon bade to 
Paris?'— • I should be astonished indeed,* 
I replied ; < but I should certainly decline Ibe 
honour of being one of the party: at sack a 
price, I would not hesitate to abendea Na- 
poleon himself I Bnt I may rest easy ea tliat 
score ; lor I can swear Napelcen will never 
put me to sBch a trial. It Is from him I im- 
bibe these seatimenis: it was he who cured 
me of the contrary doctriue, which I call tbe 
error of my youth.' " This -was aieant as a 
hit ftt the Bourbons ; but Uia peer Count had 



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JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTEES. 



d 



ftrgat tk«t ke petitiimwl to be made a State 
CaancOor to LoaUxrui., who was, accord- 
iag to llM plinMololy of hia party, eon' 
Aieled to Parii bg EtigOlt tayaum. Now why 
AoaM ke abaodoo Buonaparte fbr the tery 
Uittwiiaaiu asder whieb be wanted to 
adhere to Looii i 1 

Tnminf over a leaf, we are entertahied 
whb a l<)|{wal ditplav, wbicb is to demonstrate 
tint Boonaparte aoited all tbe world afaiost 
him, " only beeaase be wished to terminate 
the Revolntion too speedily;" and to this 
piccions piece of nonsense is added tbe 
fellowinf commentary : 

" la ae nniversal damonr . which wai 
directed against bim when in tbe enjoyment 
•f Ua power, England bore tbe most con> 
spicmwapart. 

"In England two great machines were 
Bsaintained in foil activitv ; tbe one conducted 
by tbe emigrants, for whom iiothiug was too 
Md ; and Sie other nnder the control of the 
English ministers, who had established a 
•ystem of defamation, and who bad regularly 
•fganiied its action and effects. They.niain- 
tained in their pay pamphleteers and libelists 
in every comer of Europe; their taslcs were 
marfced ont to them ; and their plans of 
attack were regalarly laid and combined. 

** Tbe English ministry mnltiplied the em- 
ployment ot these potent engines in England 
■Mire than elsewhere. Tbe English, who 
were more free and enlightened than other 
■aiioBa, stood the more in need of excite- 
Meat. From fliis system tlie English minis- 
ters derived tbe two-fold advantageofrousing 
pnbKc opinion against tbe common enemy, 
anal withdrawing attention from their own 
4o«dnct by directing popular clamour and 
ladignation to the character and condnct of 



U.by,t)jj«t^eanji,t|jifk own cUarjicIer 
and cnadMct^re scrceneji from thai inves-, 
ligatioB andtecrimination which they might 
net have found very agreeable. Thus the 
■ ai an asinalion of Paul at §t. Pelrrsburgh, end 
of ow envoys in Persia ; the seizure ofNaper- 
Taady in tbe free city of Hamburgh ; the 
oaplnre, te thne of peace, of two rich Spanish 
Crigates; tbe acquisition of the whole, of 
- India; tbo retaining of Malta and the Cape 
of Good Hope, against tbe faith of treaties ; 
the Macbiavelian rupture of the treaty of 
Amiens ; the unjust seisure of onr ships pre- 
vianahr to a new declaration of war ; the 
Banish Beet seized with such cold and ironical 
perfidy, ftc. tec ; all these aggressions were 
overlooked in tbe general agitation which 
had be'f M artful^ stirred tip against a foreign 
power." 

This diatribe from «• Emigmt certainly 
prvves that, for at least one of that class, 
aMia^ewUfe <« tod;, tbe rest is solodicrously 
false and libellous, that it must provoke a 
sasile, where the base ingratitude of its aU' 
tber to the country of bis refuge and proteC' 
tiundoeanot provoke tbe deeper ieeling of 
dcteaUtioM. 

Lus Cases denies die poisoning at Jaffa on 
the authority of Buonaparte ; and toocbiug 
that Expedition, among other things asserts 
that ".The drparture of the General-in-Chief 
fisr France was tbe result of a grand and 
magnaninums pisn. How ridiculous is the 
imbecility of tliose who consider that depar- 
tare aa an evasien or a desertion." Tliat 
"Klefaer feH a victim to Mn«nlmnnic fa- 
•atieiam. There is not the shgbtrst lonnda- 
tiMi .lor the abaurd calomay which, would 
have attribntctl ihia catastrophe tothe polinr 
af hi* predeceasorj 9f ^ t^ intrigoes of bb 



successor." And lastly, that " It ir pretty 
well proved that Egypt would have remained 
for ever a French province, if any other bol 
Menon had been appointed for her defence ; 
nothing but the gross errors of that general 
could have lost us the poasession of Egypt." 

He also relates these anecdotes : 

" More than one conspiracy was formed to 
carry away tbe flags to Alexandria, aadolher 
things of tbe same sort. T|>e influence, the 
character, and th« glory of the General, 
could alone restrain tbe troops. One day 
Napoleon, losing bis temper in bis turn, 
nisbed amonc a group of discontented gene- 
rals,, and addressing binuelf to tbe tallest, 
* Yon have held muQoous language,' said be, 
with vehemence, ' take rare that I do not 
fuldi my duty ; your five foot ten should not 
save yon from being shot iu a couple of hours.' 

"with regard, however, to their condnct 
before the enemy, tlie Emperor said that this 
army never ceased to be ilie army of Italy ; 
that it stiH preserved the same admirable 
character. The most diflicnit party to manage 
was that whicli the Emperor used to call ' the 
fiiction of the mtimnfatisri,' whom it was im- 
possible to keep under any restraint; their 
minds were diseased; they spent tbe night 
in gazing on the moon for the reflected image 
of the idols they had left in Europe. At the 
head of this party was Uerthier, the weak 
and spiritless Berthier, who, when the Gene- 
ral-in-cbief was preparing to sail from Tonlon, 
posted night and day from Paris to tell bha 
that be was unwell, and could not follow Irim, 
though he was the head of the staff. Tlie 
Gcneral-in-cbief took not the smallest notice 
of what lie said, and Berthier, finding himself 
no longer at the feet of the fair one who bad 
despatched him with the excuse, set sail 
along with him ! On his arrival in Egypt, he 
, Wectime a j^k=('v to 'Uimiif autl wtt^'anante to 
subdue bis tender recollections;— be lolicited 
and obtained permission to return to France. 
He took leave of Napoleon, and bade him a 
formal adieu; but shortly returned again with 
his eyes full of tears, saying, that lie would 
not at\er all dishonour himself, and that he 
could not 'separate his destiny from that of 
bis General. 

" Bertbier's love was mingled with a kind 
of worship. Adjoining the trnt destined for 
his own use, he always had another prepared, 
and furnished with the magniiiceoce of the 
mo»t elegant bondnir ; this was consecrated 
to the portrait of his mistress, before nliicli 
he would sometimes even go so far as to burn 
incense. Tliis tent was pitched even in the 
denerls of Svrla. Napoleon said with a 
smile, that his temple had oftener than once 
been profaned by a worship less pure, through 
the clandestine introduction ot foreign divi. 
uities. 

" Bertbier never relinquished his passion, 
which • sometimes carried liim to the very 
verge of idiocy. In his first account of the 
battle of Marengo, young ViscomI, whose 
highest rank was that of a captain, was men- 
tioned five or six times in remembrance of 
his mother. ' One would have thought,' 
said Napoleon, * that the youth had gained 
the battle.' Surely the Oeneral-in-chief must 
have been ready to throw the paper in the 
writer's face. 

" The Emperor calculated tbathe had given 
Berthier forty millions during his life ; but 
be supposed that IVom this weakness of his 
mind, bis want of regularity, and his rldica 
lous passion^ be had sqdatidered away e great 
parttffl^ ' . ' *^ 



"The discontent of the troops in Egypt 
happily vented itself in saivaslic jokes : tliis 
is the bnmour whicli always bears a French- 
man through difficaltiet. They had a great 
spite at (^neral Caffarelli, whom they be- 
lieved toliave been one of the promoters of 
the Expedition. CaArelli bad a wooden leg, 
having hwt one of his limbs on tbe banks of 
the Rhine ; and whenever the soldiers saw 
bim hobbling past, they would say, loud 
enough for him to liear — 'That ftllow does 
not care what happens ; he is certain, at all 
events, to have one leg in France.' 

"Tbe 'men of science, who accompanied 
the Expedition, also came in for their share 
of the jests. Asses were very numerons in 
Egypt ; almost all tlie soldiers posseued one 
or two,' and they used always to call them 
tbeir.ifemi.!MniM. 

"The General-in-chief, on his departure 
from France, had issued a prorlamatioii, in 
whirh he informed the troops that he wa* 
about to tal<e them to a country where he 
would make them all rich ; where they shoulil 
each have seven acres of land at their dis- 
posal. The soldiers, when they found them« 
selves.in the midst of tlie Desert, surrounded 
by the boundless ocean of sand, began to 

anestion the generosity of their general : 
keiy thonght he had observed singular mo- 
deration in having promised only seven acrer. 
' The rogue,' said they, ' might with safety 
make ns a more nalimited oAr ; we should 
not abuse bis good-natnro.' 

" While the army was passing through 
Syria, there was not a soldier bat was heard 
to repeat these lines from Zaire:— 

** Lts Fran^ais soot lasses de chcrcfaer dcformais 
Des cUmats ^ue pour eux le destin o'a point fait, 
lUn'abandoanent point leur fenile patn'e, 
Pour languir fux deserts ^e I'^ride Arabic." 
The ne«t story is not qaite^o intrlligible : 
" On one occasion, the Geiferal-in-rhief, 
having a few moments' lei.inre to look about 
the country, took advantage of the ebb-tide, 
and crossed on foot to the opposite coast of 
the Red Sea. Night surprised him on his 
return, and he lost his way in the midst of the 
pising tide. He was in tlie greatest danger, 
and very narrowly OMaped pcrishiOK prcri^ely 
in tbe same manner as Pharaoh. 'Tliis,' said 
Napoleon, ' would have furnished all the 
prvcbers of Christianity with a splendid text 
against me.' On reaching the Arabian roast 
of the Red Sea, he received a deputation of 
the Cenobites of Mount Sinai, who came to 
implore his protection, and to request liim to 
inscribe his name on the anrirnt register of 
their charters. Napoleon inscribed his name 
in the same list with those of Ail, Saladlu, 
Ibrahim, and others I In allusion to this rlr- 
cumstance, or something of a similar kind, 
tber Emperor observed that he had in the 
course of one year received letters from 
Rome and Mecca ; the Pope addressing him 
as his dearest son, and the Sherif styling him 
the protector of the holy Kaaba." 

Is it meant that tlie Bed Sea is fordable at 
low water? [More of Las Cases in our next.] 



MOORE B lOTES OF THB AKGELS. 

When we last Saturday brought this Volume 
before our readers, we found that the Loves 
of two Angels were quite as mncli as our 
sheet. coiild hold; and we were therefore 
compelled to iiostpone the Love of the tbird 
diving creature tor eight days. That period 
having elapsed, we take up tlie stoiy, not as 
related by Zarapb, the serapli in question, 
but as' recorded on the tablets of Cham, and 



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THE LITHBARY GAZETTE; AND 



But thcadommtJit of- bright Vringi, '' 

To kiolc ItkehMvm^l bhiUunu — 

Who shins whtre'u they irtad, ind y«t 
Ara humWtt fai tbor t*xMj ht, ■ 

As n the way-nde violet, 
Tkat shines vaseen, end were K not 
For its sweet breath wouM be (ergot — 

Whose lleaMi, ill every thought, ate one,' 
Whose voices utter tbe same wtBa, 

Answering, as Echo doth Soine tone 
Of fairy mosic 'moag the hills. 

So like itseli^ we seek ih vain 
•Which is the echo, which (he strun— 

Whose piety is lore, whose love, 
Thou|h close as 'twere their soub' emiirace, 

h not df esrtH, but {ron above^ 

' Uke- two -fair minora, fine to lace, ' 

Whose light, firom one to thf ' other tbiowi{, ' 

h heareirs refleaion, not "their own — ' 

Should we e'er meet with sught so pure. 

So perfect here, we may be sure 
There b hut one such pair below. 

And, as we bless them 'on their way 

Through the world's wilderness, may say, 
*• There'ZAR\PH and his NamA go." 

Tliiu ending witli a satirical jest, it ««e^ 
to be indicated that the thiri Angel's stoqr 
dill not pretend to the poetical dignity ot'ifa 
precursors ; and it is in truth, ifrritten witli 
less care and effort |t is, hovevec, a pret^ 
and sparkling Qoniposi,tiQa, and, not nawort^ior 
of tbe place itlu>laa. 

. In tb« remarks \fre offered oa tli« mbole 
Volume we confined onrselve* to g«a«ralf- 
ties; but there still remains a jtart'ofotr 
critical duty to be performed, wiucIl we ahall 
execute with as much brevity as may be, la 
perusing The Loves of the Angels, a coq- 
sidcrabte number of expressions, ^hyma^, 
metrical copstructions, and j^rampiMieAl iv- 
accuraeiesi 8trtlU',.ni 4'< ilctrMtiog tram tbe 
higb p'dlish Wbicp we expect vom, a, lUrd «f 
Mr. Moore's celebrity. Th its, for exanu>t«, 
the rhyme needed for *' met," in the very nrt.t 
page, is a gross pleonasm,: 

Ere sorrow came, or 'Sin had drawn 

Twixt man and heaven her curtain-^il<t:* 
and as tbe verse proceeds.tlus unn|ecessaiy^- 
dundancy is still more inelegantly indulged 19 : 

AUs, that Passion should profane 

Even then, that, momiag of tbe earth. 

"Oh! that it ware my doom to be 
The Spirit of yon l>eaut«eus star, 

DwelUng up tktn in purity, 

Alone, u all such bright things an ;» 

My aole anpby to pay and ahine."- 

That, though but frail and human, she 

ShouM, like the half-bird o( the sea, 

IVy adth her wing soblimer air. 

While I, a' creature bom up (Aere, 

Should meet her, - - - 

This " up there" is very disagreeable. 

We before complained of the doggri) ter- 

* Ofihe same quality are 
But 'twas the Mind, sparkling ahout 
Through her wholefiame — the soul, brought out 
To light each' Charm. .-.■•■ 
Oh, many a truth, remote, sublime. 

Which God would from the minds of men ' 
Have k6pt conceal'd, till his own time. 

Stole but in these ^evealments thvi. — 1 
She look'd — ami a^tba spa — tbaskits^ 

And beard the rush of ma^y a ar>a(« 

By Cod'a command </■«* saiisbiog, - . • 
B«, chais'd fs ''tb, ny ham vntt'tfft^t 
Itaaocnnr.Ml, or b wiU braafcl- 
TUs JjatawhigiiHpi for m aagaL 



legible after the Deluge. His earthly passion 
it' described as less unhappy in ita conse- 

Jjoencea than tbe Iioves at bis compaaiom, 
or be exists to. enjoy the converae of bia 
Nama. The Poem opens with ber vocal in- 
cautatvpn of her Angel-lord from t, wood : 
" I've fed the altar in my bower 

With droppings firom the incense tree; 
I've shelter'd it ftom wind and showeri 
But dim it burns the livelong hour. 
As 'if, like me, it had no power - 
. Of life or lustre, without thee ! 
" A boat at midnight aent alone 

To drift upon (he moonlesi sea, 
A lute, whose leading chord b gone, 
A'Wounded bird, that hath but one 
Impetfen wing to soar upon. 

Are like what I am, without thee ! " 
Thus evoked, the Ani;el joins bis Nama, 
for whose society he is well calculated, being 
one of that class of whom it is rather irre- 
verently written, (as before, where women 
arc styled " God's most disturbing mystery,") 
First and immcdi;ite near the Throne, 
As if peculiarly God's own, 
The Seraphs stand — this burning sign 
Trac'd on their banner, " Love Divine '. " 
Their rank, their honours, far above 

Ev'n those to high-brow'd Cherubs given. 
Though knowing all — so much doth Love 

Transcend all Knowledge, ev'n in heaven I 
A being of this nature, debased from di- 
vinity to hnnianity, it niiy readily be sap- 
posed is well fitted for the voliiptuunsnessof 
Mr. Moore's pen, and accordingly we 6nd 
that he wantons in the Mahommedaii Elysioa 
created by bis fancy — 

duicUy to its source. 
Tracking that music's melting course, 
He saw, upon the golden sand 
Of the sea itvu9 ^gfiaHea t^ai,; .- • 
Before whoee feet^the' expiring wares 

Flung their last uibute with a sigb-^ 
As, in the East, exhausted slaves . 

Lay down the far-brought gift, and die^ 
And, while her lute hung by her, hush'd. 

As if unequal to the tide 
Of song, that from her lips still gush'd. 

She rab'd, like one beatified, 
Those eyes, whose light saem'd latber givea 

To be ador'd than to adore — 
Such eyes, as nuy have look'd fam hearen. 

But ne'er were rait'd to it before ! 
Oh Love, Religion, Music— all 

That's left of Eden upon earth— 
The only bleannjs, since the faH 
Of our weak soub, that still recall 

A trace of their high, glorious binh— , 
How kindred are the dreams you bring ! 

How Lore, though unto earth so prone, 
Dal'ights to take Religion's wing. 

When time or grief hath stain'd hb own I 
How near to Love's beguiling brink, 

Too oft, entranc'd Religion lies ! 
While Music, Music is the link 

They bath still hold by to the skies, 
The language of their native sphere. 
Which they had else forgotten here. 
This is genninely Moore-isb; and hardly 
less so is the enumeration of tbe lovely mot- 
tal'a virtues : 
And when her Seraph's eyes the caught, 

And hid hen glowing on hu breast, 
Ev'n bliss was humbled by the thought — 
« Whst dsini have I to be so blest ?" 
Still less could maid, so meek, have nurs'd 
Desire of knowledge —that vain thirst. 
With which the s«x hath all been cWd^ 



From lueklen KvE to her, who near 
Tbe Tabemaclt atole to bear 
The seciett rf the angeb— no— 

To love as her own Seraph lov'd. 
With Faith, ti>e ume through blias and 

Faith, that, were ev'n in light lemov'd, 
Could, like the dul, fix'd remain. 
And wait till it shone out again— ' 

With Patience that,thoitgh often bow'd 

By the rude alorm, can rise anew, 
And Hop* thac ef 'n from Evfl't cloud. 

Sees sunny Good half breakmg through i 
This deep, relying Lore, worth more 
In heaven than all a cherub's lore — 
Thb Faith, more sure than aught betide. 
Was the sole' joy, smbition,'pr>de 
Of herfoadbeart-Mhe' unreasoning scope 

Of all its views, above, belong- 
So true she iek it that to hope. 

To tnut, b hspiuer than *o ktutw. 
Their fate is thus (lescrlbed : 
Their only punishment (as wrong. 

However sweet, must bear iu brand,) 
Their only doom was thb — that, long 
As the green earth and ocean stand. 
They both shall wander here— tb: same. 
Throughout all time, in heart and frame- 
Still looking to that goal sublime. 

Whose light remote, but sura, they sea, 
Pilgrims of Love,' wbosa way b Time, . 

Whose home b in Etsniity 1 
Subject, the while, to all the itrife. 
True love encovntert in th'is Kfe — 
The wUhes, bopea, be bteathes in vaia t 

The cbilL, that.ttfros hb warmest s^ha 

To earthly vapour, ere they rise ; 
The doubt be feeds on, and the paia 

That in hb very sweetness lies. 
Still worae, the' iUusioos that betray 

Hb footneps to their shining book ; 1 

lliat tenipt hi«|,w}, bia. desert way . 

Throu^ the bleak worU, to bend and drinki 
'Where nothmg meets hb lipt, alas. 
But he again must sighing pass 
On to that fiit-off homa of puce, 
In which alone hb (hint will cease. 

■An thb they bear, but, not the less. 
Have moments rich in happiness — 
Blest meetings, after many a day 
Of widowhood past far away. 
When the lov'd face again is seen 
Close, close, with not a tear between — 
Confidinjs frank, without contro^ 
Poor'd mutually from soul to soul i 
As free from any fear or doubt 

As °is that light from chill or sta'm. 
The sun into the stars sheds out. 

To be by them shed back again !— 
That happy minglement of hearts. 

Where, changed as chymic compjunds are. 
Each with its own existence parts. 

To find a new one, happier far ! 
Such are their joys — and, crowning all, 
That blessed hope of the bright hour. 
When, happy and no more to fall, 

Their spirits shall, ivith freahen'd po''er. 
Rise up rewarded for their trust . 

In Him, from whom all goodness sjtiogs,, 
And, shaking off earth's soiling dust 

From their emancipated wings. 
Wander for ever through those skijcs 
Of radiance, where Love never dies ! 
In what lone region of the earth 

These Pilgrinu n(|w may loim or dwaU, 
God aiid tbe Angela who look forth 

To watch their st<^ alone can teU. 
But should, we, in out wanderings. 

Meet a young pair, whose beauty ,VMtf . 



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J0UflHAl4 OF THB BBLLBS LBTTRBS. H 

their periodi for teaying College, or aolitnd« 



■iB»tioiM,suctiu descended — ipleiulid,p. 7 ; 
Mr •!« we iiener reoogciled to splendid—' 
esteiid«d, p. 80 ; iodependcnt— resplendent ; 
■atertal-^tberetd; CMigkt — thoaght; cangbt 
— Booght (iw) thonght; icnae — infiiieace; 
teattaw — dwell*; ctiriosity — »ee; fit — e«- 
qaiitte ; proad— bow'd ; upou — dotm ; aod 
aiaajr similar rfaymea. It is not oar purpose 
to iBhmte bat to hiiBcate these blemishes ; 
aaA in the same spirit we cooiplain of the 
ill-ekeselt epithets which occur: such,' for 
iBst^nee, a* an Angel's vmrdtglemgwif, p.82,- 
a MIT's tga ftimg, p. 93 ; and ■■ yoiing wo- 
mnkM taken in ttieir first>iini, warm " !! 
Ware we to qoote passage* of greater' length 
of wWeh we eoald not approve, we wonid 
say tiiat the following were oiost nnpleasantljr 
twisted: 
There wts a virtue in that scene, 

A ^eU of helBMi* aroiod. 
Which wtuid l>m$ — katf my brain not been 
TMs poiton'd, madden 'd— held me bound, 
As tbiugb I stood on God's own ground. 



Bim w k m i perhaps, if vain regret 

Ca* dwell in heaven, she pities yet. 
And that the annexed is hardly sense— cer- 
taMy very ttf expressed : 

Bm soon that ptoSing dream was gone ; 

Fmiier and mtUer oBTshe slwne, 

191 tesseo'd to a pobtt, al small 

As are tfciw specks Htat yonder btsn— 

Thim vivid dron Of light, Mat Ml 
The last from dsy'k exhaosted urn. 

And when at leiigih' she metig'd, a/br. 

Into her own iiiiiitortal star. 

Ami 1(ft«B ct' Itngtk njr ttrmiing tight 
Bad esi^At K» trieg's tattfiShig ray. 

That mhrate firdra niy soul the Cght 
or heaven and toVe both pau'd away. 

The Mivtr of the 'ihdiog ray of a wing at> 
laAad to ai|«l^^«n||&ond wheVeV bad llself 
lliaiilirt* 4 n> a smAll qwck, is surny a strelch 
of the abeQnl.. ^at ire are tired )>f noting 
little OMlfts^ and iii conclusion beg to ssiy, 
(hat though far from Iwing a divine, we lo.ik 
■poB The JLiOves of the Angels to be a beaut!- 
M Poem, and' one which wilt add to that 
speclea of^odc fitme which its anther enjoys 



of the globe, on these three magnttical phe- 
nomena, which should be nearly contempo- 
rary with those above mentioned. His Ma- 
jesty has been pleased to appreciate these 
reasons, and pennitted me to execute an 
undertalLing which has been for many yeap 
my most ardent wish, though | hardly ven- 
tured to hope its accompIistiRient. In order 
to make thisjonrney as bene6cial as possible 
to physical science, I intend also to malte 
observations on the length of the penduliim 
beating seconds; also geographical, hypso- 
metrical aod meteorological observations; in 
short, to execute every thing which my abili- 
ties and circumstances may permit. I shall 
be thankful for yonr advic,e and that of other 
jndiclons men, both respecting the choice of 
the best and most convenient instruments, 
and relatively to other objects besides those 
above nientioned, flrem which benefit miglit 
accrue to the Natural sciences, aad which 
might otherwise easily escape my observa- 
tion. I propose to proceed along the parallel 
of 60", and, if circnn^stances permit, to ad- 
vance as far as possible to the North, upon 
one of the great rivers, for example, the 
Jeni^fi or the Lena. To supply the defi- 
ciency of my own knowledge in several 
branches of aatural history, I intend to take 
with me a young man of great talents from 
this university, who is a skilful draiightsmaa, 
and who is capable of conducting mineralogi- 
cal, geognonostical and botanical researchns, 
— iMUr/rom Prof. Hanilsen to Prof. Schumachtr. 



BoxmrncaM. 

Chrutimda, DeeenAer. 
Ov% xradons Sovereign has allowed me to 
■adertake a scientific tout- through Siberia 
and Kantsdiatfca, principally for the pi'it' 
pose of making magneticat observations. In 
Ike two English Expeditions to the North- 
west Polar Sea, a series of remarkable mag- 
aetical observations was made in the vicinity 
of the North American magnetic pole ; we 
■ay expect many more from the same country 
assooa as the journey of Lientenant Franklin 
is paMabod, and especially when Captain 
Paiiir vMiinis from his present dangerous 
tafmMtn, in which may heaven grant him 
sMccaa. 'Bat we may Expect a still greater 
call(etio»o(Fexcellent materials for the theory 
•f Ibft Magaetism of Um Earth from Captaia 
Fieyeinct, aod ^q (roin M. von Hnmbolt 
whca he bals pernirmed liis Jonruey throngh 
SsqdMra Aai*. In Siberia, where' the odifer 
■Mcartioaartfa pole lies, we have hardly any 
iafiriartwi; ftOm Chiistiaiiia to the harbour 
■f St. Vater and St. PanI in Kamuchatka, 
«• hkve anly a fern ohservatioDs on the varia- 
tiaa, >«t MMia «a the inclination aad Intan- 
li^. fWthe pnrpoae of correetiog the theory, 
it«««U t^tnftn bt eKtrema^iiiiportant to 
~ • MtiM af 0JM«na«i9«s ni tUs parf 



vaMMMam ■ooisTzaB. 

HERTFORD COLLBOE. ' - 

Tas question: at present mooted respect 
ing the expulsion of some refiractory students 
from this establishment for Oriental educa- 
tion, is of so mneb'impM*tme»<h«t; thvngh 
we cannot dlsenss, we feel 'ourselves called 
upon to notice it. 

The object df such an Instltotion is most 
praiseworthy. Considering the great interests 
committed to yonng men in onr Eastern 
empire, and the qnantnm of human happinexs 
or misery that may depend on tbeir cbarae< 
ters, it is not only highly expedient, but 
rigidly just and merciful, that their instnic 
tion, preparation, and conduct, should be 
equal to the magnitude of the duties they 
will in all probability have to ihlfil. 

But it is also reasonable that the statntes 
directed to the accomplishment of this de- 
sirable end should be tbunded on a pbiloso' 
pbical view of human nature; and that merely 
because they may have an important part to 
play on the stage of litb, we should not eX' 
ppct the wisdom of greybeards from the 
giddiness of boyhood. In point of fact, ex- 
perience demonstrates that it is not always 
the stayedest boy who makes the steadiest 
man,— and more seldom still the ablest. The 
Scottish poet says qnaintly bnt shrewdly— 
For aft the n^ed Couc's been known 
To mak a noble aiver ; 
and If the wild colt often becomes a noble 
horse, so does the spirited lad often turn out 
the brightest character. 

We are not the apologists fbr inanbordina- 
tioR or vice ; bnt we confess that as far as 
we are masters of the subject, it does appear 
to ns a dreadfully severe punhbmcnt, irre- 
vocably to blast the prosoects of these 
tboaghtless hoys for the offences they are 
stated to have committed. Folly deserves 
tli« rod, not the execodoaer. Oomioement, 
pritatiant, lahoar, the procrastiiiatlon of 



for reflection, all suggest themselves as fitting 
inflictioas for tlie occasion ; but cxp itUioa. 
seems to be a very hard measure in propor-. . 
tion to the guilt, whether contemplated with 
regard t,a its effects on the individual, or on 
those with whom he is connected. The coarse 
of study, — oriental languages, dec— be \t 
remeqil>ered, has led to acqwireiueiils ioap- 
pllc.able to pursuits any wher; but in India; 
and the yonth dismissed from his views on 
that country, not being qualified for aqy 
liberal prufession at home, is literally thrown 
destitute on the world, and it may be said 
mined for life. In aggravation of this terrible 
sentence, it is also obvious that iq nine cases 
out of ten the welfare of whole families is^ 
involved in tlie fate of the brother, for wliom* 
an Indian provision has been contemplated) 
and on whose being thus Ihrown.back upon 
his afflicted parents the destinies of their 
other off'spring mainly depends. Here the 
extent of the suffering is so mnch to be de- 
precated, that we can suppose nothing but 
the most aggravated ahd Irremediable crime 
a sufficient cause tor its being allotted. 

On these grounds briefly pointed, and on 
others of less consequence, though eminently 
entitled to consideration, we do most ear-, 
nestly hope, that wherever the power of alle- 
viation rests, whether with the Bishop of 
London or tbeCourt of Directors, it will bo. 
wisely, largely and liberally exercised, iu 
mitigating the distreu and ii\jury of thU 
painful event. 

Oxford, Dec. 31.— 'Tuesday, the last day 
of Michaelmas term, the following Degrees 
were conferred : — 

BaeluUir in Chit Law. — Rfv. G. C Jackson, 
Fellow of New College. < 

' Jlfastrrt ^Art$,-~tl. Hordeme,'ilMusiMK CeU., 
and James Rust, Scholar of Univeraty CoSege. 

aaehiUinofArtt.~K. H. Tripp, Exeter CoU. ; 
L. G. G. Drydau, Eiq. Uncohi Coll. ( R. Walker, 
Wadbam College ; D. Whide, St. Mary Hall ; 
C. F. Williams, St. Edmund Hall ; C. H^ Earie,' 
Trinity College ; J. J. Saint aod W. R. Wyatt, 
Brasenose College ; H. A. Browne and G. Ciulew,' 
dueeh'a CdL ; F. Buttensbaw, G. J. T. Spencer 
and G. Croke, Esq, University College ; J. Evans, 
Jesus College ; J. Ball, Fellow of St. Jobn'a CoU.t 
and E. N. Daan, Pembroke College. 

Cambridcb, Jan. S.— The prixe fi>r the 
Hulsean Essay for 1822, has been adindged 
to Mr. Charles Anstiii, of Jesns College. 
Snbject— 7^ ArgumeiU for the Gmuiiunat <f tht 
Saertd Volume at generaUy receioed hy Chrbtkmi. 

The snbject of the Hulsean Essay for the 
present year Is— TA< Nature and Ad'canlage vf 
\he Ii^uence of the fbly Spirit. 



rzva AI^TB. 

EXHIBITION OF SitA^IICS. 

This fine Exhibition, in Soho Square, ovei' 
which we threw a glance in our last, has not 
yet been fortnnate as to weather : its interest,' 
however, has not impugned onr anticipations, 
knd, both at the private view on Tuesday and 
publicly since, we have found the lovers of ' 
the ArU delighted with it. 

HBOALLION WAFKM. 

'We think we are right in-classing among 
the Fin* Aru one of the brettiest, and not the 
least useful inventions or the present period : 
we allude to what ara daoominated MedaU 
li on Wafers. These are Seala of a particular 
fompositioQ, which, being stoek on letters, 



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u 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE/ AND 



)>erform the office of wax or wafer in « very 
•lafut fa>hiaa. - They are o^' all siOM, ro- 
loiir«, aad deTicts ; many of them beaiitifnl 
ai copies of the fineit gem«, cameei, and 
intaglios of the antique. Thus theie speci- 
moos not only serve au every day purpose 
with Acility, Init are calcniated to spread 
akroad an acqnaintanee and admiration of the 
nostgraecfnl tbrms of taste and genins. Tlie 
composition is, we talie it for granted, a 
secret to the inventors, Mes«rs. Thomaon, 
of Wellington-street. We inspect isingUos 
and white lead to be Ingredients ; bnt how- 
ever made, they are certainly exceedingly 
beaatifiil, and as' (it far lovo -letters as any 
thing that conid he imagined. 



oibxazzrAK vobtat. 



FSAOMENTS IN ROYME. 

XII Sf VaUri*. 

1 00 the rocky barriers of the aes. 
Stands thy dark convent, fair St. Vjlerie ! 
Jjoae like an eagle's n^st,' the (nne-trees ull 
Throw their long shadows on the htavy watt. 
Where never sound is heard, save the irM sweep 
Of raountsin-waters mshing to the deep. 
The tempesc's midnight-song, the battle-cry 
Of warring winds, like armies met on high, 
And in a lilem hour the convent chime. 
And sometimss, at the qoiet evening time 
A vesper song— those tones, so pure, so sweet, 
When airs of esrth and woids of hesven do meet ! 
Sad is the legend of that young Saint's doom ! 
When the Spring Ros^wja in its May of Moom, 
The storm was darkening ; at that siveet hour 
When hsnds beloved hod reared her noptial bower. 
The pestilence came o*er the land, and he 
, With wl w m l» «r heart was.died that very moro — 
Her bridal mora I. Alaa, that -there should be ' 
. Such eirils (ver fi^ aff«(6aq:4iem ! 
She shr^ avdjr ftdm earth, and solitude 
. Is the sole refii^ for the heart's tvont pain ; 
LiHe bad no tiea, — ilie turned her unto heaven, 
And on the steep rock reared her holy fane. 
It has an sir of ladneu, ai just meet 
For the so broken heart's Ian lone retreat ! — 
A portrait here hu siril pr^erved each charm : 
I aaw it one bright evening, when the warm - 
Last glovr of sunict shed its crimson ray 
Orer the lovely image. She wa< fair 
As (hose most ndiant spirits of the air 
Whose life is amid flowers ; like the day, 
The golden summer day, her glossy hair 
Fell o'er a bra>v of Indian ivory ; 
Her cheek was pale, and in her large dark eye 
There was a thought of sorroiv, and her brow 
Upon one amall sQoar hand leant pensively, 
As if to hide her tsars— the other prest 
A silver crucirix upon her breait. 
1 ne'er saw sadnea touchm; as in thee 
And thy lorn look, oh fair Sr. VALsaie ! 
XIII. 
' Wriuen afUr teeing Miud ilftrum f»rf< r ned. 
Oh, for the days of the bow snd the spear, [deer ! 
And the hawk and the hound and the good red 
I rather would darell in the forest bower 
Than in princely hall or in kni;hily tower. 
Amid hearts ai free as the sluft of their boar, 
The tall oaks above, the soft grass belcnr. 
Oh, down and the purpla canopy, 
Are not worth the -ihade of the greenwood tree ! 
My Love would look well in the Lincoln green. 
With his bisde, and hii bow, and his arro\vs keen ; 
And the hasel glance of his falcon eye 
The maiden would love, and the warrior fly. 
I would ask no gems but the 6aweta of spnog, . 
No music but trlut thf V>tds could sing : 



jmmsmasmsB^mpma^mmm^eammmammmmmm 
And we'd lead a life Kke a fiiiry (ale. 
As free and as fresh and as light as the gale. 
Oh, sweet and wild the houra would be 
We past in the shade of the greenwood tree ! 
Oh, cities sre all of smoke snd care. 
And gold is the curse that is laid on sH there, 
And feelmgs grotVcqld, and hearts lie dead, 
And the fresh leaves of hope sre withered ! 
But sweet is the cry when the wild buck bells, 
And sweetly the horn of the hunter swells ; 
And life is of love aad of liberty. 
When past in the ^de of the greenwood tree ! 

L.E.L. 

BMTAPM OX BENJAMIN TaBMLYN, 
A» M Solder, bitried ia BrtmhiU Ckurehiimi, who 
died Ues. I, 1823, o^ »3. IKnttea if the 
Reo. W. L. Biwlm, Pattar <f the Paritli. 
A poor old Soldier shall not lie unknown. 
Without a verse, and this recording stone. 
TWas his, in youth, o'er disunt lands to stray, 
Danger and Death companions of his way t 
Here in his native village, drooping age 
Cloa'd the lone evening of his pilgrimage. 
Speak of the past, — of names aJT high remmo,— 
Or his brave comrades long to dust gone down, 
His look with instant animation glow'd, 
1'ho' ninety wmters on h'ls head had aoow'd. 
His Country, whilst he liv'd, a boon supplied. 
And Faith her shield held o'er him when he died. 
Hope, Christian, that his spirit lives with God, 
And pluck the wild weeds from the lowly sod, 
Where dust to dust, beside the chancel's shade. 
Till the Isst tTump,a brave Man's bones are lud. 
^B^^iBBB^KBaMBaaidaHBaBBaBaaaaaaBBB 



sxaroKBS or aoozBTT. 

LETTERS FHOM PARIS. . 

Parts, Dx. 18, 1822. 

[Oar Correspoadcnt givr-s an accpunt of 
tlic QuoaapaCte lireMoir^'ikc. not,oC,(niiiie' 
diate interest, as we have them in English, 
and adds,] 

Another work impatiently desired will 
very shortly appear — The Memeirei dt Itadamt 
Com/un.* This lady, who died a few months 
siure, was distiacnislicd for her talents, ele- 
sanee, and amiable disposition. She wa< 
Arst fecirtM to Mesdanies, tho sisters of 
Louis XV. and annts of Lonis xvi. She was 
afterwanls attached to the person of ibc 
(ineeit, Marie Aiitoinetle, who was very fond 
of her, and Anally placed by Napoleon at the 
lie»d of the Female Tnstitntioa for tlie Or- 
phans of tlie LigioH d'Houiteur at BwiMii. lu 
the interval between tlie Rovotntipn and this 
appoiotnipnt, she condnsted a ptiuien for 
young ladies, and liad amonc her piipili — her 
own nii-ce, now widow of Marshal Ney ; 
Hortensia de Ueanharnais, since Queen of 
Hollaod ; Carolina Buonaparte, since Qneen 
of Naples ; Eaiilic de Beauhuriiais, become so 
justly cdehrated fur her devotedness to her 
hnsband, M. de Lavatette, long con6ned in 
a lunatic asylum by mental diieasc,occa>ioned 
by ber voble but too great CKciteuient.; Ste- 
phanie de Beanharnais, Oraud Dndiess of 
Baden. From the variety of tho situations 
she was called to occnpy, and her intimate 
connexion with the mpst'illn^triuas members 
of tlie old and the late Canrts, she had it in 
her power to (»rllcct a great number of curious 
(if genuine) anecdotes. She gives, for in- 
stance, the following acconnt of the wretched 



• Thi.s is the woman who accHwd the hapless 
Marie Anto'meMe of iucoiitiBencc on the memo- 
rable iiiglit of the tith October. Her nook re- 
semldes many uow publUhiiig in Franor, which 
aim at bringiag (be Bo jrbou fjuml]rmtu.diMeput& 



deatli-ieaie of Lonis xv.— " On leaving tlie 
chamber of the King, the Dnc de Villeqaier, '■ 
first gentleman of the Conrt, exprMsly ea- 
joined on M. d'Andoaville, first saneeon, »• I 
open and embalm. the body of his M^stjr. 
The death of the First Surgeon mnst liav« | 
been the inevitable consequence of hi* com- 
pliance with tlie order of the First Oentlemao 
— < I am ready (said he ;) bnt while I opvrate ' 
yon will hold the bead,— your office compels i 
yon.' ThetDnc walked on without ntteristf ' 
a word, and the body was neither opened mot 
embalmed. Some menial servants and |Mor 
workmen alone coald be found to watdi tiie 
pestiferous remain* of the votaptiwas and 
magnificent monarch ;— they performed the 
last duties to the dead. The surgeons ordered 
a quantity of spirits of wine to be tbrosnt. 
into the coffin." 

Madame Campan expose* also th* de- 
plorable (tate or princely education wider 
the ancient regime, by some anecdotes of 
Adelaide and hersisters, annts of Lonis xvi., 
who. were brought np at tlie Abbey of Fonte- 
vranit, eighty leagues from the capital: 

" Madame Adelaide, the eldest, waa fan- 
perions, superstitious, and passioiwte ;— tl>« 
good nuns always gave way toiler ridicniesia 
fancies. A daneing-master taught the Mea- 
dames a dance at that time much in Togsie 
at court, called Le Miiuut CouUar de Am. 
Adelaide determined that it should be called 
Le Afiaiwt B(«. The Professor most^avely 
remonstrated, and declared that be bad not 
authority to make sochan important altera- 
tion, and that no change wbhtever coold be 
permitted. The Princess became the more vio- 
lent—stamped, raved, and vociferated inces- 
santly, * Biau, bUa!' — ' Rose, rose ! ' excUtiii)ed 
the danciiig-master iu Ms turn. At length 
the whole religions community was alarmed. 
iand.a*(«ariiled tadetudWtkeedlemnqHeatiMt. 
The nnnstdl cried < tifau' with the Prince**— 
' U Minuet futdibaptiei! ' "■■ 

Lemi-riuer has published his Comedy, Z« 
Corrupteur; and in order to avenge himielt' 
tor the injury done to his reputation by the 
censorial scissors, he hasjoinedacomicpieee 
entitled IXime Ctnutrt. It is clever and catting. 
If ridicule and contempt could kill, DameCtn- 
iurs had been dead long ago ; but the old 
Laily will probably turrhre tU* attack, m« 
she has all the other tboosand. 

M. Lucien Amanlt's new Tragedy, Pisrrw 
de Portugal, was received yesterday with eo- 
thusiasm by the Theatre Fran^ais. It will be 
performed this winter, if iAuwCsntitrs permits. 

A new Comedy on an old subject, Le CcU- 
bataire et Ihonvna mnrii, was well received yes- 
terday at the Odion. MM. Woffland and 
t'ulgeure are the authors. 

The little nieatreofComte,intlie Pasaafe 
des Fauoramas, is much frequented. CoatA 
is a wonderful ventriloquist, and, beside* his 
own vocal illusions, he amuses the public with 
the performance of comedies by companies of 
children of eight and ten years of age. Soiee 
of them display astooishiug talent*. 

I I I— gaaaga ^ 

TBB SMiAMA. 

Drl'rv Lamb.— The condemnation of Hie 
Pantomimn at this bonse has given a great 
turn to Covent Garden ; and Me Ma e eg er e 
making every effort to repair their error in 
sanctioning so very stnpid a production, have 
annouoeed another pantomime i«r Monday. 
This exertion does them credit, and w« shall 
rejoice if the pietn snccAeds ; for in oar - 
opinion the very clever peifenMaceef.CI«Ka: 



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JOUItJNAL:OF THE.' BBIilBS LETTllES. 



1ft 



Tuber ia Old and Yonng it of abaat as mU- 
djeToos a tendency for the Utile holiday 
MLf to *ee, as Tom and Jerry for the lower 
ccden. It makes neither noiM, glnttony, 
wr psppyi«m odioat, and it* only monU it, 
that a cuwiM brat is applapded and re- 
mrded with fortnne for tricks that merit a 
tMBd •Mffiag. We also regret to obienre 
tktt the word of promise is net to be kept 
lopectiBg this girl's piayini; only chi(d's 
Buis ; far she is annonnced for Bombastes 
FwtoM to-night, thus making » clever bar" 
lo^ sillily ridieulons. 

CsTsn- Oarobn.— On Monday, Jones' 
Eari of Essex for the first time pUeed 
NiM Ury and Miss F. H. Kelly together 
ca the liondoo boards ; the former as Eli- 
nbett, and th« latter as Rutland. They 
bd between tkem ' an admirable Essex in 
Miminitj ; whose personatioa of the im- 
fciaoas, weak, and brave favourite, was as 

Ciftcl as we can conceive the character to 
. Kaaeady's atylc is a splendid one when 
isCnmd by vis own fine Judgment and mas- 
terij pavers ; bat it is infinitely dangerons 
hr aa lailator. The rapid transitions, if not 
Bsit viA eoosommatc nkill, will startle or 
•ffad, ralbcr tliao sorprise or delight ; and 
■ikMAe polish be as striking as the vigour 
sfthetrhele, tbe difiicolty instead of raising 
Mr aiairatioii by being vanqaished, will 
aettesarpity by having led to failure. We 
aawr aitaessed any thing, when tbe ateans 
Arad were ao slender, superior to the 
Ktwet with the Queen, and with Sonthamp- 
m mi BatUnd at the close. Of MUs Lacy '• 
Daheth we have also to report most fa 
lanh^. She gav« fall effect to thecoo- 
iciif passions of tlie wavering Queen, and 
niaecd afaUitiss, of lh«|^ighest orders chu- 
tac^liygoaa s«»ti,MisHBdriled byl«tcr(^ 
niin Miaa F.&elVhRatland wihittore 
m^. She began too forcibly, and left 
w/MB fbr diniax. The choking and pai- 
■Mliarn of her early scenes were not 



i^H regnlatesl, bat beyond the natural 
laiiM, vJ thms took awajr from tbe higMy- 
•na^ deapwr of her finale. This, how- 
ct(t, was great. Mr. Abbott in the only 
setae, the ' parting one with Essex, in which 
itispMsiUcfisr Sonthampton to produce a 
teanliaa, was eminently impressive. Mr. 
£gnna« delivered the text of Burleigh in the 
■Mt slovenly way ; he had better have con- 
tested UBseir with shaking bis head, if he 
odd not stady two lines of his part so as to 
npcat them correctly. Mrs. Fancit did what 
*t caold for the nnamiable Nottingham. 
Attagetfaer, the Tragedy however ii but a 
Mdiaeie affair. Old Bankes, Jones, and 
Inakt. have all dramatised the story, and 
it ha* fn« each bad a ran, with, as now, oc- 
omaal revivals ; but we never conid dls- 
eient reason for these resosci- 



Ihe briOiant and beantifiil Pantomime of 
te Sktftmg Beaaty appears almost to in- 
atjsc in popwiarity : it deserves it. 

A five mtt Flay in blank verse, founded on 
■f«ij, is ia rehearsal : it deparU (wc hear) 
a name*, sitaatioiu, and even characters, 
traalbeMwvel: Will these things mend it? 



VOUSXOB. 
,Tioii issned by the Court of 
and tbe retirement of De Mont- 
WKtmcf ri«aaAe]Iinittry,(to be succeeded 
kf ■.aateaafariaad,)are strongly tai fisvoor 
M the pRservatioB ot peace with Syain. 



A 
Iraaee, 



Mermaidt and .Werm«<i.— Another if WOSe 
Manufactured monsters, a Mermaid, (sup^ 
pOTed to be of the maU species) is now ex- 
hibiting in the Strand, and rivals, in lt< infa- 
mous ingenuity of construction, the Ward in 
CAoiKvry in St. James's -street. It was 
bronght bj a Captain Forster to England, 
and sold to Frith and Bradley, Pawnbrokers 
in St. Catherine's, and was publicly exhibited 
20 years ago in Broad-coort. It uitfers from 
its rival, not in beauty, but iu a lateral fin 
Are not the exhibitions of notorious impos' 
tnres liable to immediate inviistiption by 
tbe Police i and if so, ought not this to have 
been examined by dissection, and if fabri- 
cated, which cannot be doubted, the parties 
interested in it punished i The Society fof 
tlie suppression of Vice attack less impious 
appeals to the public than the declaration 
of those vagabonds, that it is a natural pro- 
duction, and one of the miaderful aorktcf Oad. 

Aneedalee. — A man who boasted that he 
knew how to employ his time to the best 
advantage, told a 'friend that he never 
walked ont without a book in his hand : 
" Well I replied the other, this is. tbe best 
way to read without Advantage, and walk 
without pleasure." 

Dr. used to relate, that on one of hi* 

visits to l'H6tel Dieu, having asked a patient 
how he did, the sick man answered, " Ah! 
doctor, I am so ill that if any body came 
and told me I was dead, I should not be 
astonished at it." 

LilAtyrapky.— I.!thegrapby, it Issuted in a 
note from Paris, is greatly improving in that 
city, and tbe writer instances in proof, the 
plates of tiie Ancient Monuments of France 
and of the.Qallery 4f jhC DwdlM)»>«tl}«(ry* 
BUt thik^ltri:, be adds, has just made anew 
and remarkable advance. By a novel pro- 
cess, the artist has been able not only to 
rival engraving, but to rej>rodnce a picture 
vrlth such fidelity both or tone and colour 
that it requires a very skilful eye to discover 
which Is the original, which the lithogranhlc 
copy. One of the first proofs produced by 
this process is a Swebadi, the soli and har- 
monious effect of which is rendered, even in 
the most delicate details, with astonishing 
correctnejH. Such a discovery is of the 
highest importance. 

A new edition of Arnault's Fables will ap- 
pear in January, it will be augmented by a 
considerable number, as yet unpublisbedi ot 
which I will send yon one or two in my 
next. — Letter fnm Por'a, 

A Periodical, to announce all new disco- 
veries in science, nod all worthy productions 
in literature, has been projected at Paris : 
the plan is comprehensive, and the execu- 
tion — as it appears to ns, impossible. 

A Map of Mampihire, in 40 sheets, on an en- 
tirely new principle, ha» been announced in a 
prospectus of cousiderable detail. As far a« 
we can understand tbe subject, it bids fair 
to be a very pediect work of the kind. Tlie 
projector is a Mr. Kentish of Winchester; 
anil we understand that, both as a general 
and a conqty design, his pUn has been highly 
approved of by eminent antliorities. 

Litt of Bookt etibicriM fiace Dee. 24 :— 
Meniours of George Herriot, foolscap 8vo. 7*. M. 
— Pontey'* Kural Improver, 4to. 'il. 2«.— Fos- 
brooke's Encyclopedia of Antiquities, 12mo. it. 
—Henniker's Egypt, 8vo. 12».— Sandfnrdou En- 
taiU, 8to. 8«.-Weteh'« Theory of the Eartli 
8ro.7s.firf. , ,, ^ 

{To bt cmtmaii iMsUy.) 



■nrraoito&ocnojLXi tasub. 

Barometer. 
SO'SS to Mil 
SO-25 to SO-SS 
M-17to>0-09 

soMtoa9-Ba 

3979 to 89CT 
29'6S to 29-60' 
39-67 to 29-69 



TTiermnmeter. 

A-om as to 37 

from 21 to 34 

from 15 to SO 

from 18 to S3 

from 16 to 31 

from 23 to 31 

frbm27 toSS 
An Easterly ivind, with generally dear weaihwr, 
prevaik^l till Tuesday, when it became cloudy 
and a litth; snow fell. On Wedneaday the wind 
changed to the SW. 

Edmontm. JoHIl AnABIf. 



DECEMBER. 

Tliuj-sday... 26 

Friday 27 

Saturday... 28 
Sunday ....29 
Monday.... 30 
Tuesday ... 31 
JAN. I8i3.Wed. 1 




TO aoKKaaromxent. 

JB: B. '« line« «r« too Domoioas, sad hate, alas ! saf- 

The SlMSM from StolTora, on Mr. Clitaold • AteVDt 
of Mont Blanc, in the £■(. 0«i. ate quit* BuUliki but 
Wf can only quote one Tcrve : 

Give me the crrom of ict. •o.eoolint. 

Or Bvllabnb* of lov'rinK now i 
Tlien, ' »irtuo«l,' go a-/— tin), 
Hutme.fou nner ehall <m }• / 
WilkUn Anecdotu are intendeil fur oar nrzl. 
Ah iutereiling paper oa PoM>i ohllgMioM lo DoeiM 
for hUIlisiiii in type, and will be ImertedM ipeedilir 
Mpnuiblo: we aoUcipote ihe tlisnlu of toe llterar; 
worlJ fur this able eaaay, and oarMirei oordiaUf 
tluuk ita cootribotor. ™ ., ■..,.. . 

J. ATK. naderalood u. rlrttly. Wo Ilk* the lasts 
and fancy of the allejory, and shall sadcavvor to iasart 
it aooo. 



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THB LITERARY ©AZETTE, Al^ET^ 



ASVERTISSnXEM'TS 

CoHiirclerl tvUk LHrratvrt and the Arts. 

nr^nv. quarterly musical maga- 

-*■ ZINE Olid KF.VIEW, No. 16, is published this Day 
oy Mr»r>. Btljwin. Cradock, &Joy. lUc 17, IHiS. 



Small Bvo. it. a». 
q^HIRTY-TWO ELATES, tollliistiate the 
■»■ POEMS of CRAHBR. Engraved by Htatli, from 
the Orawliii;* of Weslall. 

Copies in H»o 3(. ; a few Proofs, 4to. 41. 4s. 
Printed for John .Murray, Albemnrle-street. 



iVeiu Kerir'jr Dmt. 
EXHIBITION of Splendid DRAWINGS 
-^ and F.SGllAVINGS bv BUlTlSH AllTISTS, 
9, Solio-9(|uare, opened on Wednesday lost, the lat of 
January 1K83 : conlainini:. a superb Ccillect'oii, by Sir 
Joshua Reynolds— Sir Thomas Lawrence, P. K. A.— 
Wilson— Turner— GalnsbntonKh — Joclson— Willie— 
Stothard— Collins— Hamilton— Paul Sandby- Ward- 
Cooper- Westall—Gandy- Oirlin—Cozens-HayUon— 
Martin — Clennell — StephanolT- iJliHl.seer— and many 
other eminent Artists. Also a line Colleciiun of the 
works of eminent British F.n«;iavers. 

Open from Ten till Dusk. Admittance, Is. 
•^* Jliis Second Exhibition consists of an entirely 
new Collection. 



Number A, 
ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCHES in the 
ISLAND of JAVA, &c. with Fitmes of Native 
Quadrupeds and Birds. 

By THOMAS HORSFIELD, HID. FL.S. 
To be coi«prp»ed in EiRht Numbers Hoynl 4to. 1/. Is 
each. Each Number will consist of Eiitht coloured 
Plates, representnj Quadrupeds and Birds: in most 
numbers one additional imcnioured I>1atc ofllluslra. 
lions will be added. Each Plate will be accompanied 
oy a portion of explaaatory matter. 

London : I»rinted lor Kingsbury, Parborv, & Allen, 
Leadenhall-sireet. 



Gtnerat Atlas ftir Schooh antt KiitrarifS 
By Baldwin. Crodock. & Joy, 

QSTELL'S NEW GENERAL ATL.VS ; 

contalnini: distinct Maps of all the principiU Slates 
and Kingdoms throuthoot Ilie World, from the latest 
and best Anlhorities. includini; Einlil Miip. of Anriehl 
""«f I '*« Komnn Empire, and Canaan or Judea the 
whole«ontcll,enirrMr«d upon thirty Plates, RiljaHto 
and beautifully coloured Oullinea. Price 18». neatly 
bair-bnund; or full-coloured, price W. it, 

•,* Tlie Publishers otTer the above Atlas to Schools, 
as the moat correct, the mast useful, and at the same 
time the cheopest ever executed. They have no he- 
silalion m aayin,f, that it wants only to be seen to be 
oniieisally adopted: it is already nsed in many of the 
moat respectable Seminaries in the Empire 



J^ PROSPECTUS '"of-* A PANORAMIC 
!,„ T i.7in .L'l^''."''*' ""'*' "* "" »>>rt"«n<linj Country, 
^t. ' • containing, among other EncraviUFS 

• Sectional View (50 inches by 3ii) of the Ascent from' 
the Base of St. Paul's, thmogh Ihe circular Staircase 
JJome, and Scairoldini. to Ihe Observatory, wirch was 
erected ahove the Ball and Cross purposely lor this 
nnderlaking. and from which the Drawiui; was taken 
Kcompanied with a description of the muse of Scenery 
comprehcodrd in the View. 

London: Published bvJohn& Arthnr Arch, C.irn- 
Jlll; Lonitmsn ic Co. Paternoslerrow : Hnrst llo- 
binaon, & Co. CheapsiJe ; J. Hnrdini;, St. Jam-s's 
Street j and Ihe Author, No. i. Robert-street Adi-lphi 



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Subscribers paying lo;. 10,. the Year, 6/. C,s. the Half 
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■*■ ll«3. Coatents :— Town Calendar— Walks round 
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T^HE EXAMINER of To-morrow, enlarged 
from Sixteen to Twenty-four Ptfti (half u mBcb 
again.) Wice Sefen-peoce, vrill cAn'ain, beaidet the 
usual varieiy of News and Miscellftny— >Ail Aecooot of 
the Arrival of Don Juan at Sbooter'i Hill— Lileruy 
Notices of Mr. Moore's Loves of the AnireU,ald of the 
Napoleon .Mempin— Pnlirical Essay, on tt« 8tai« ol 
Public O|>inion— Fine Arta : Notice of the Ekiilbilina 
of Druwinss and Engrarinn— Mr. Shepherd'a Speech 
at Liverpool — Cony of the Indictment a|;«iut the 
Libeml— Theatrical Crltiq»«— Newspaper Chat, kc.lu. 



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The 2d edition^ I toI. ISmo, with Plates, 7>. M. bds, 
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Tales nnd Poelry, • CkrooMle ofremnrkable Eeenta, a 
Genealogy of the reixnlng SoneMiKna and tkeit Fnui- 
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and a variety of other naeful articlet of reference. 
l8mo. pp. 39i ; neatly lK>aad, Kilt, and in a Caae. 

Vol. i:. of RUSSIA, beinic Part of the (ih Oirlaioo. 
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"^PHE REPOSITORY of ARTS, LITERA- 

*■ TVRE.¥JL9BlOHa,kc. ntHrpMifrffArU 
has now been before the Public foortecn jnears, and 
during that period the natare and aim of tke Work hare 
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application for deficiencies, in order to prevent dis- 
appointment. 



4^r)>aa Musenik of Natural ffittory. 

npHE Public are respectl'itlly inforined, that 

•*• the Exteiisire and Celebrated Collection of NA- 
TURAL UlsrOBV, made during Twenty years Reli. 
dence at the Cape of Good Hope and Interior of 
Africa, by Moniieor VILLETTE, haijust arrived in 
Lniidon. and is now Exhibiting, in the Great Room at 
Ihe Egypti.iii Hall, in Piccadilly, II connrises a gene- 
ral collection of Quadropeda, fiirdi. Fishes, Reptiles, 
Insects, Shells, Corals, Plants, &c. he. Among Ihe 
Quadrupeds, ate line specimens of the Bippopotamui, 
and other large Aninuli of the Cape. Amour Ihe Birds 
is a large Collection from Jara, coniiitipg of TTO. m^ny 
of them new specimens, 'Willi a Hring ONIT, and 
a Pair of extmaely cnrious wild nondescript Df 
alive, the only Pair ever brought to Europe. 

Admission, from Ten till Ouak, at li. each. 
Since the opening of the above Exhibition, the Pro- 
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In aro. Atb edit. - 
ITRUITZNER, aTale. By HARRIET LEE. 

4^ " The following Drama i* token entirely from 
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THE LITERARY GAZETTE, 

AND 



No. 312. 



SATURDAY, JANUARY 11, 1823. 



PRICE 1*. 



^avxaw or vaw sooxs. 

AMci)ta, Biograplucal Sketches and Me- 
mmn; collet^ by Letitia Matilda Haw- 
kins. Vol. i.8vo.pp.33tt. London 1992. 
F. C. k. J. Riving«H>. 
Til bdy to wIuMB w,e are indebted for tts 
Migiaal volome appean to be a genuine 
Buw-ArocnRa of tbe Ust feneration. A* 
th« teafbter of Sir John Hawltini, die great 
Hitteriaa of Mntie, the had opportnnitiei of 
■Mtiag a mnttMiide of tbe most eminent 
■Ma wiM iJTed daring tbe latter half of the 
eigkteenA paitmxj ; and ibe ba« preserved 
saeb a it«« of Miecdotes concerniag them, 
ihUberaM bids fair to be banded dovn 
to tatter eestaiy witb Aeir memories, and 
t» tMM tke pal>iic as long a* tbe names of 
JakjuM, Beyaolda, Garrick, Handel, Ho- 
me Ifaipole, Hard, Warbnrton, Hoadley, 
Head, QostUng — in short of all the distin. 
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Ac eoatinae to excUe eoriosity and interest. 
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u tt mt i witb all tbe ceremony of tbe pid 
Hdwil ktpJH DO (etiUngs will be km,Mi ^*» o*" Jo 

¥ii eaiwitriietp^wtjMeg aa buw a ^fSy ^ hi 
tim, u at tbe Domber of capital oiciginai 
ue«i|Res which enrich this singnlar mUcel- 
hij. Even the fathering of such Joe Mit- 
Icn as painting tbe Red Sea with Pharaoh 
aatlus host Invisfble on Hogarth, is rather 
InliCTans than tiresome. 

The preface is, like tbe main work, unique. 
Tte tkcient custom of panegyrizing every 
Msl tkat can be logged iato mention is car- 
ried to its acme ; and the author professes 
the itoatest determination to record nolliing 
disigreeabje to any person. We cuut'ess we 
sre wicked enough to rejoice that she has 
beeo fw from keeping her word ; and, as our 
estiacts amst show, has on the contrary told 
u nany piquant things as if she had in- 
leaded severity. Thftre is another feature in 
tiib book wbicb has entertained ns vastly ; 
it is tbe importance occasionally attached to 
fitOc penoual or family details. Thus, de- 
fendiogherfiither against some imputations 
about Dr. Hawkeswortb, she says, 

** QawkeswortU bad been long dismissed 
fnm my father's triendsbip tor a most 6agrant 
•nsrlt^of every thing honourable, by cabal- 
B»| «itb servanu, oSSering a harbour to my 
■Mtktr's maid when dismissed, and taking 
t >b* caase of oar nurse-maid, who bad 
■at tke same punishment for setting in the 
fVMTjr «a example of the most absurd re- 
belliou daintmess." • • . 

B«i with all these peculiarities, which in- 
dttdtither add to our zest in perusing this 
voliuM, it contains so many curious state- 
•««ts»id lively traiu of character, that it 
■ul,w«ihiok, be very popular. Our duty to- 
wards oar readers it of^a very easy and plea- 
>*ttUiid, The highly amusing writer has ob- 



served no order of march, but has strung her 
pearls together as they came to hand, — giving 
here an accoimt of her father's neighbours in 
Twickenham, there ofhis musical friend s, now 
af these who visited at bis table, and then of 
Hwse wlio were met at the houses of friends. 
Thus ear Review will be, what we are sore 
every reader will like, a ante rfanecdotm. 

" • - • At Hampton, and in its neigbbonr- 
hood, Mr. and Mrs. Oarrick took the rank 
of the nobltm :—h\i highly-finished manners, 
and bis lady's elegance or taste, making their 
house and themselves very attractive. Yet 
I da not recollect that there was in tiiem any 
of that calculated display now much too 
common. I never heard noble visitors 
named, or any affected intiaedes with great 
people brought forward. In short (to use a 
fashionable phrase) every fliing was- in 'too 
good taste,' to admit «f any depertdres from 
moderation. His ettablishment was distin- 
goishing.-he drove four horses when, going 
to town— and he had two nieces, of whose 
re-echoed praises I was duly jealons.l 

" The hatnral expression of his countenance 
wps far from Aat placidity which the por- 
trait Mr. Iduigtoo possessed indicated. I 
confess I was afraid of him, mere so than I 
was of JohntoB, whom I knew got to be, 
" tnppose he ever would be tbotrght 
extraordinary man. Oarrick kid 
a frown, and spoke impetoously-^Johnson 
was slow, and kind in his way to children, 
detaining me standiu([ first on One fovt and 
then on tbe other, till I was weary, which 
my father, I believe', seldom observed with- 
out recollecting ' tlie lion dandling the kid.' 

" I have heard much of Qarrick's an- 
veiled vanity when abroad, particularly at 
Rome ; where inquiring what was said of 
him. lie was answered—' Only tliat Garrick 
and his wilfe are come.' - - - 

" There exists (perhaps little known,) a 
very singnlar portrait of Mrs. Oarrick, in 
tbe possession of a lady at Twickeniiam, in 
features and the expression of her counte- 
nance certainly very strongly resembling 
what I recollect her to have been about the 
year 1770; though, if the dress was the 
fashion of the time, painted long before. 
Mrs. Anne Welch, the intimate friend of 
Johnson, and well known amongst that host 
of friendships, thought it probably not by 
Rosalba, but by Liotard, whose portrait it in 
the gallery at Strawberry-bill. It is in a 
dress not much differing from that of a 
Quaker. - ■ . 

" Foote, it is weH known, went to Strat- 
ford purposely to laugh at and caricatare 
Oarrick't Jubilee ; and I never can forget 
tbe merriment excited in my mind by the 
anecdotes of his manner of doing this. His 
meeting, early one morning, in tbe streets of 
Stratford, an Essex 'squire, full dressed in 
bine and silver, whose countenance expressed 
a kind of vagrant curiosity — the 'tqoire's ask- 
ing him, as if doubting of the worthiness of 
its object in tbe present instance, what all 
this meant}— hit unfortaDate esprettioa, 



nay, almost lamentation, that be bad been 
' brought out of Estex ' by the report of the 
jnbilee, and Foote'i cutting qneiy, with a 
stare that may be imagined, ' Out of Eisex ! 
— and pray Sir, who drove von ?' " 

Dr. Hawkins' opinion of Oarrick is rather 
extraordinary : 

*' As a comic dramatitt he gavo him high 
credit ; — as an actor, too, I think he pre- 
ferred him in comedy ;— as a poet he con- 
temned him, and was very angry witb bis 
prologues and epilogues, as frivolous and 
vapid ; but here I uould plead, in defence of 
my subject, what always appeared to me a 
strongly prejudiced judgment in my father 
against modern poetry in general. - - - 

" The Marchioness of Tweedale had been 
Lady Frances Carteret, a daughter of tbe 
Earl of Granville, whom, I believe, I may 
distingaith at tbe elegantly, if not the clas. 
sically read Lord Granville, and had been 
brought npby her jacobite aunt Lady Wors- 
ley, one of the most zealous of that party. 
The Harchionett herself told my father, that 
on her aunt't upbraiding her when a child, 
witb not attending prayers, she answered 
' that the heard her ladyship did not pray for 
the King.' — ' Not pray for the King?' said 
Lady Worsley, ' who says this i I will have 
you and those who tent you, know that I do 
pray for the King ;— but I do not think it 
necessary to teH ttod Ahnigirty who is King." 

" The hooses nearest us in the village 
might have afforded matter of amusement, 
had my iatbet purchased his a fen years 
sooner. That nearest liad been the abode of 
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, whom I need 
no otherwise descril>e than by naming her. 
My father bad a traditionary recollection in 
his mind, that the celebrated quarrel or cool- 
ness between her ladyship and Pope, ori- 
ginated there, in tbe return of a borrowed 
fmir of tbests unwashed ; bnt which was tbe 
ender, and which the borrower in this. case, 
I do not temerober." • • 

Of Mrs. Clive, among other tales, it is 
said— 

" I know not whether I tell what is new 
or stale, in reporting the disappointment of 
one of- her maid-servants, to whom she had 
given an admission to see her act. When the 
servant was asked how she liked her mistress 
on the stage, she said ' she saw no difference 
between her there and at home.' It is most 
probable from this, that the character in 
which. the bad seen her, was StU in the farce 
of • Tbe Devil to Pay.'*- - - 

" One circumstance attached to the bio- 
graphy of Mead ought not to be omitted. He 
had had a personal quarrel with Dr. Wood- 
ward, — whose memoiV Foote has assisted to 
preserve, but in a way jnst contrary to what 
be himself designed, — and Dr. M. bad, I be- 
lieve, inflicted on him that corporal chastise- 
ment, under which no gentleman is patient, 

• I have heard it said that she once attempted 
Shglodt, and with the Jewish accent ; but tbe 
effea irat too ludicrous to be endured.— H. H. 



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but which Woodward thongbt fit to take 
philosophically. Ranelagh was at that time 
a morning amutement in warm weather, and 
white the affair was still recent, the beaten 
Doctor went t&ere ts seek recreation. His 
manner, my <iither nscd to describe as sio- 

gnlarly and indicreusly minciagand affected, 
eating himself in a box, he called to a waiter 
to bring him ' something cooling ;' he seemed 
to have no choice amongst the things offered 
for his acceptance, but continued to desire 
to have ' something cooling,' till the waiter, 
perhaps tired of trying to please, asked bim, 
in a tone peculiarly aadible, whether be 
chose ' a little meaid.' Perhaps he might 
then fix his election en the thing leaU cool- 
ing ; but this I am not authorised to say. - - 
*' I have been surprised in findi^, parti- 
calarty in the Chevalier Jsbnstone's Me 
moirs, the character of Sir John Cope so 
mnch raised. I am certain that he was ill 
thought of at die time ; and I remember my 
mother's saying, that when his tent was pil- 
laged after his defeat, a qoanti^ of choco- 
late was found in it, of the use of which the 
Highlanders were so ignorant, that they took 
ifrorsome composition prepared in case of 
bounds, and cried it in the camp m ' Johnny 
Cope's plaster. - - - 

" There exists a mistaken notion respect- 
ing a reservation of Great Tower-hill, as a 
place of execution for Peers ; and the appro- 
priation of Little Tower-hill to that of Corn' 
moners. I have the best aatbority, both by 
private character and pnblic sitnation, for 
saying that this is erroneous. Wheal have 
named the Chamberlain of London, (16SS,) 
I am snre of credit ; he told-me that the 
nsnal place of execnting rebels on Great 
Tower-hill, was at the front of a boose near 
the passageleading from Mincing-laae, which 
the sheriff hired for the porpose, at the stated 
price oCsol. When Mr. Radcliffe was to be 
executed, the owner demanded 100<. which 
Mr. Alsop, the then sheriff, retbsed to give, 
saying that the exact place of execution not 
being specified, be would have it on Uttle 
Tower-hill, rather than submit to such an 
imposition. He made good bis threat On 
the next occasion, tlie nsnal place was offered 
at the original price. - - • 

"A Baronet who must be nanelcss, 

who proposed to visit Rome, and previonsly 
to learn the langnage ; but by some strange 
mistake or imposition, engaged a Oennan 
who tanght only bis own language, and pro- 
ceeded iu the study of it vigorously for three 
months, before he discovered his error. This 
fhct Horace Walpole related at Mrs.Vesey's, 
in the hearing of the veracious Bennet Lang- 
ton, from whom I had it. - - 

" I wish I had sooner lighted en an anec- 
dote respecting a very worthy modest yonog 
man, connected by marriage with the bouse 
of Wright and Mauduit, wliom my father, 
when himself yonng, knew and vataed. He 
was walking with a friend in the MaH of 
'St. James's Park, when they met two fine 
young women, drest in straw bats, and at 
least to appearance unattended. His fi-iend 
offered him a bet, that he did not go np to 
one of those rustic beauties, and sahite her. 
He accepted the bet, and in a very civil man- 
ner, and probably explaining the cause of his 
boldness, be thought himself snre of success, 
"^ are that it was the Piin- 

:er ef Oeorge II., who 
rs -was taking the re- 
complete disguise. In 




don, ai;d retreated, while their Royal High- 
nesses with great good-tt'umour laughed at 
his mistake. • - - 

" I cannot dismiss tliis medical part of my 
early recollection, without asking^ whether 
the reader is acquainted With the name of a 
coffee-house disputant, well known, about the 
middle of the last century, as Mr. Saxby of 
the Custom-house, and wlione terse sayings 
were long remembered? I think it was at 
the then fashionable place of rendezvous for 
persons of bis argamg talents, Rothmell's 
Coffee-bonse in Covent-garden, that the con- 
versation turning one evening upon the pro- 
fession of medicine, Saxby said drily, ' All 
I know of it is this : tlie ancients tried to 
make a science of it, and failed ; — the moderns 
have tried to make tt trade of it, and have 
succeeded.' - - - 

" It is well known that Dr. Heber- 

den gave all his Sunday-fees to the poor. 

" Sir Richard Jehb used to tell a story of 
himself, which made even rapacity comical : 
I had it from the lady to whom he told it. 
He was attending aDohleman,from whom he 
had « right to expect a fee of five guineas- 
he received only three. Suspecting some 
trick oa the part of the steward, from whom 
he received it, be at the next visit contrived 
to drop the three guineas. They were picked 
op, and again deposited in bis hand ; but be 
stiU contMticd to look on the carpet. His 
Lordship asked if all the guineas were found. 
' There.mnst be twp ^nineas still on the car- 
pet,' replied Sir Richard ; ' for I have but 
three.' The bint was taken as he meant. - • 
'! • - - Handel had done him (the author's 
father) tJte honour frequently to try bis new 
produetiqes on his young ear ; and my fa- 
ther calling on him' one morning to pay 
him a visit Qf respect^ lie made him sit down, 
and listen to the air of ' See, the conquering 
hero comes,* concluding with the question, 
f How do y«n like it i ' My father answer- 
ing, ' Net so well as some things I have heard 
of yours,' be rejoined, 'Kor I neither; but, 
yonng man, you will live to see that a greater 
favourite with the people than my other fine 
things.' - - • 

" Let me turn away from this unpleasant 
proof of a melancholy truth ; and, taking 
Handel in his own character, relate of him a 
circumstance, which the Peaa of Raphoe 
(Dr. Allot), who remembers him, lives to 
teU : — that Handel being questioned as to 
bis ideas and feelings when composing the 
Hallelujah Choms, replied in bis imperfect 
Elnglish, ' I did think I did tee all heaven 
before mu, and the great Ood himself;' and, 
indeed, we may well suppose that they must 
have been ideas little less sublime, that 
furnished sounds so grand in their combina- 
tions. - - - 

" He (Dr. Cooke) was giving lessons en 
the violin to a young man of a noble family : 
the young nan was beginning to play ; but, 
in the common impetuosity of a novice, he 
passed-over all tlie rests, and therefore soon 
MX bis master far behind bim. ' Stop, 
stop. Sir,' said the Doctor, 'just take ine 
with you.' This was ^. very unpleasant clteck 
to one who fancied he was 'going on 
fameosly ; ' and it required to be more than 
once enfor(^d;, till at length it was neces- 
sary to argue the point, which the Doctor 
did witb bis nsnal candour, representing 
the naeessity of these observances. The 
pupil, in^ead of, showing any sign of con- 
viciira, i^lied ratl)er coarsely, ^ Aye, aye. 



living by it, to mind these trifles, but / 
don't Wiat to be so exact.' • • • 

" Mrs. Hester OostUng, of whom I have 
spoken as the exemplary daughter whose in te- 
rests w*re to b« considered in the tale of her 
father's collection, had a variety of efconl 
anecdotes, some of which I may, I hope, ctU 
to mind in tiiae to insert them in this work. 
One was of a humorous little cborista, 
who being sent across the choir by one •(' 
the gentlemen, to ask another to sing a spe- 
cified anthem, threw the message into this 

form, • Mr says, sir, tiMt If yo« 

will sing ' / mitt liag,' he will sing it with 
yon.' ... 

" - - • As to coining words, pr»y let me 
go out of my way to tell my father's story 
of the scribe, who having to express in Latin 
the word ' ladder,' rendered It by ' adolth 
cmtior.' ' - - 

" On seeing the name of Ratdiffe, I re- 
collect my mother's speaking of htm ai 
having attended her mother. Once on her 
sending for him, and replying to his question 
of ' What ailed her,' by saving ' I bare only 
a cold,' he answered, ' Well ! what would 
you have ? would you have the plagne ? '" 

Of Horace Walpole's correspondent, Wil- 
liam Cole, we have the following anecdote— 
" He was remarkable for what is called a 
' comfortable assurance.' Dining in a party 
at Cambridge, be took np from the table a 
gold snuff-box, belonging to the gentleman 
next to him, and bluntly remarked on its size, 
saying, ' it was big enooch to hold the free- 
dom of a corporation.' ^ Yes,' replied the 
owner, " Mr. Cole ; it would bold any free- 
dom but yours.' - - - 

" On the death of Johnson, there was a 
meeting at my father's to settle the form of 
the fiineral. Sir Joshua's deafhess made the 
conversation audible in an adjoining rooni, 
but as he himself spoke low, if my curiosily 
had not made me attentive, I might not have 
heard bim as I did, say, and certainly not in 
a manner that indicated much impression on 
his mind, ' I suppose we must have the 
Death's head and marrow-bones,' meaning 
the usual ornaments to ingraved invitations 
to a funeral. On this I do not wish to com- 
ment. It was an insulated departure from 
decorum, and allows of no inference." 
On a I^dy far advanced in Yean, and vho was « 
f^eat Ctud-plai/er, having married htr Gardener. 
Trumps ever ruled the charming maid. 
Sure all the woild must pardon her ; 
The destinies tuin'd up — a spade. 
She married Johii the (ardener. 
We are persuaded that sit least for once 
our readers will be glad to see at the bottom 
of 1^ review, the words 

(T« be oiutinuefl.) 



bowed, begged pat- 1 it maybe necessary for you who get your 



Jotmal pfa UorlicuUural Tour through Mome 
PaHi of FiunfUrt, Holland, and the NortJt 
of Franc*, in the Autumn of\B\1. By » 
Uepntalioa of the CaledooiaR Harticui- 
tural Society. 6vo. pp. S74. 
Tbe words of Lord Temple, speaking of the 
Dutch and the Flemings, " that gardening 
has been the common tavonrite of pnblic and 
private men ; a plekshre of the greatest, and a 
care of the meanest, and Indeed an employ- 
ment and a possession, for which no man Is too 
high nor too low " — are now equally applicable 
to our own country. Were it possible for one 
of the ruffed nobles of the Augustan court of 
Klizabeth, wlio bad partaken of the salads 
procured from RatKMn fS»r the taMe «f hia 



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JOURNAL OP THE BELLES LETTRES. 



21 



w«nild be to nintitBie die autne, wid to in' 
jnte tile whole by an imperfect Tiew. 

_ " R«wlei|^ one morning was talien ont of 
liM bed, in a 6( of terer, and unexpectedly 
Irarried, not to bis trial, bot to a sentence of 
death. The Morf is well known.— Yet plead- 
i*g with ' a Totce grown weak by sickness, 
ami an agoe he bad at that instant on him,' 
be Bsed every means to avert his fate : lie 
did, therefore, value the life he could so 
easily part with. Hi* jndRes there, at least, 
reapected their state criminal, and tliey ad 
dressed him in a far different tone than be 
bad fifteen years before listened to fi«m 
Coke. Yelverton, the attorney general, said, 
•Sir Walter Rawleigh bath been as a star at 
which the world have gazed ; but stars may 
fall, oay, they must fall, when thev trouble 
the sphere where they abide.' And the lord 
chief justice noticed Rawlpjgli's great work ; 
-^' I know that yon have been valiant and 
wise, and I doubt not but you retain both 
these Tirtaes, for now yon shall have occasion 
to nae thesL Yoor book is an admirable 
work ; I wonid give yon connsel, but I know 
y«« cao apply unto yourself far better than 
I am aUe to give yoa.' But the judge ended 
with sayiag, ' esecntioa is graated.' It was 
stiiiBf Rawleigh with roses; and it was 
Gsteaiiig to fame from the voice of death. 

" He declare<l, that now being old, sickly, 
aad ia disgrace, and 'certain were he allowed 
t o Hve, to go to it again, life was wearitome 
to him, and all he intreaied was to have leave 
to speak freely at hi* farewell, to satisfy the 
World that he was ever loyal to the king, and 
a tnie lover of the commonwealth ; for this 
he woald seat with his blood.' 

** Rawlei)^, on his return to his prison, 
while some were deplorine his fate, observed, 
tat ' the world itself is out a larger prison, 
sat of which some are daily selected for oxe- 



" That last night of his existence was oc<!o> 
pied by writing what the letter-writer rails 
' a remembrancer to be left with bis lady,' 
to acquaint the world with bis sentiments, 
(haald be be denied their deliveiy from the 
scaffold, as he bad been at the bar of tbe 
King'* Bench. His lady visited him that 
night, aad amidst her tears acquainted him, 
that she had obtained the favour of disposing 
of his body ; to which he answered smiling, 
* It is well, Bess, that tlion mayst dispose of 
that dead, thon badst not always the dis- 
pouog of when it was alive.' At midnight 
be imreated her to leave him. It must have 
been then that, with nnshdien fortitude, 
Bawteigh sat down to compose those verses 
oin his death, which being short, the most 
appropriate may be repeated. 

* Even sneh is Time, that takes on trust 
Our youth, our joys, our ill we have, 

And pys us but vrith age and dust ; 
WIm in the dark and sUent grave, 

When we have wandered til our ways, 

Shots up the story of our days ! " 

He has added two other lines expressive of 
his trust in his resurrection. Their anthen- 
tidty is confirmed by the writer of the pre- 
sent letter, as well as another writer, in- 
eloslag 'balfa dosen verses, which Sir Walter 
laede the night before his death, to take his 
ftrewell of poetry, wherein he bad been a 
scribbler even trem bis youth.' Tlie inclo- 
sare is not now with the letter. Cbamber- 
l»ia, the writer, was an intelligent man of 
dm world, but not imbued with any deep 
tinetora of litentare. Oa the same oight 



Rawleigh wrote this distich on the candle 
burning dimly : 

"Coiinrds fear to die ; but courage stout, 
Rather than live in snuff, will be put out." 
At this solemn moment, before he lay down 
to rest, and at the instent of parting from 
his lady, with all his domestic affections still 
warm, 'to express his feelings in verse was 
with him a natural effusion, and one to which 
he bad long been used. It is peculiar in the 
fate of Rawleigh, that having before suffered 
a long imprisonment with an expectation of 
a public deatli, his mind had been accus- 
tomed to its contemplation, and had often 
dwelt on the event which was now passing. 
Tile soni, in its sadden departure, and its 
future state, is often the subject of his few 
poems ; that most original one of ' The Fare- 
well,' 

Go, soul ! the body's guest. 
Upon a thankless emnd,ftc. 
is attributed to Rawleigh, though on nncer 
tain evidence. Bat another, entitled ' The 
Pilgrimage,' has this beautiful passage : 
" Give me my scatlop-ihell of quiet. 
My staff of truth to walk upon. 

My Krip of joy immortal diet ; 
My bottle pf salvation. 

My gown of glory, Hope's true gage. 
And thus fll take my pilgrimage— 

. Whilst my soul, like a quiet Palmier, 

Travelleth towards the land of Heaven—." 

" Rawleigh's cheerfnlness was so remark- 
able, and bis fearlessness of death so marked, 
that the Dean of Westninster, who attended 
him, at first woo<lering at the hero, repre- 
hended th». ilightpes* of his manner; but 
RawIeigb.gavO'Qed thanks that he bad never 
feared deatli, for it was but all opinion and an 
imagination ; and atfqrthB manner of death, , 
he had ratheii die so. than of a burning fever f 
and thatjSome might have made shows out' 
wardly, botJMiftU the j^y within. The Dt|B 
says, that be nuide no more of bis death than 
if he bad l>een to take a journey ; ' Not,' said 
be, ' but that I am a great linoer, for I have 
been a soldier, a seaman, and a courtier.' 
The writer of a manuscript letter tells us, 
that the Dean declared be uied not only reli- 
giously, bnt he found him to be a man l|s 
ready and as able to ^Ive as to take instruc- 
tion. 

" On the morning of his death he smoked, 
as usual, his favourite tobacco, and when 
tbey brought bim a cup of excellent sack, 
being asked how he liked it, Rawleigh an- 
swered, ' As the fellow, that, drinking of St. 
Giles's bowl, as he went to iv^hnru, said, 
' that wu good drink if a man might tarrv by 
it.' The day before, in passing from West- 
minster-hall to the Oete-house, bis eye had 
caught Sir Hngb Beeston in the throng, and 
callinc on him, requested that be wonld see 
him die to-morrow. Sir Hugh, to secure 
himtelf a seat on die scsffold, had provided 
himself with a letter to the sheriff, which was 
not read at the time, and Sir Walter found 
bis friend thrust by, lamenting that he could 
not get there. 'FareweU!' exclaimed Raw- 
leigh, ' I know not what shift you will make, 
bnt I am snre to have a place.' In going 
from the prison to the scaffold, among others 
who were pressing bard to see bim, one old 
man, whose bead was bald, came verv for- 
ward, insomuch that Rawleigh noticed him, 
and asked, < whether he would have aught of 
him }' Tha old man answered, ' Nothing bot 
to see him, and to pray to Ood for him.' 
Sawleigh replied, < I thank the«,goo4i friend. 



and I am sorry I have no better thing to !«• 
turn thee for thy good will.' Observing bis 
bald head, he continued, ' bnt take this night- 
cap, (which was a very rich wrought one that 
be wore) for thou hast more need of it now 
dian 1.' 

" His dreas, as was usimI with him, was 
elegant, if not rich. Oldys describes it, bnt 
mentions, that ' he bad a vrrought ni|^ht-cap 
under bis hat,' which we have otherwise dis- 
posed of; bis mff-band, a black wrought vel- 
vet night-gown over a hair-coloured satin 
doublet, and a black wrought waistcoat; 
black cut taffety breeches, and ash-colourcd 
silk stocking. 

" He ascended the scaffold with the same 
cheerfulness he had passed to it; and observ- 
ing the lord* seated at a distance, some at 
windows, he requested they would approach 
him, as be wished what he had to say they 
should all witness. This request was com- 
plied with by several. His speech is well 
known ; bnt some copies contain matters not 
in others. When he finished, he requested 
Lord Arnndel that the king would not suffer 
any libels to defame bim after death—' And 
now I have a long journey to go, and must 
take my leave.' ' He embraced all the lords 
and other friends with such courtly compli- 
ments, as if he bad met them at some feast,' 
says a letter- writer. Having taken off his 
gown, be called to the hpads-man to show 
him the axe, which not lieing instantly done, 
he repeated, ' I prithee let me see it. Dost 
thon think that I am afraid of it ?' He passed 
the edge lightly over his finger, and smiling, 
observed to the sheriff. ' This is a sharp me- 
dicine, but a sound cure for ail diseases,' and 
kissing it, laid it down. Another writer has, 
' This is that, that will cure all sorrows.' Af- 
ter- this he went to three several corners of 
the scaffold, and kneeling down, desired all 
the people to pray for him, and recited a long 
prayer to himself. When he began to fit him- 
self for the block, he first laid himself down 
to try how the block fitted bim ; after rising 
np, the executioner kneeled down to ask his 
forgiveness, which Rawleigh with an embrace 
did, but intreated him not to strike till he 
gave a token by lifting up bis hand, < and 
tl>m,ftartwt,butitrikehanul' When he laid bis 
head down to receive the stroke, the execu- 
tioner desired bim to lay his face towards the 
east * It was no great matter which way a 
man's head stood, so the heart lay right,' 
said Rawleigh ; bnt these were not his last 
words. It* was once more to speak in this 
world widtVie same intrepidity he had lived 
in it— for, hhving lain some mlnntes on the 
block in praytr, lie gave the signal; bnt the 
executioner, Either unmindful, or in fear, 
failed to striktv und Rawleigh, after once or 
twice patting fajjli bis bands, was compelled 
to ask bim, ' why dost thon not strike i 
Strike, man 1' In tWo blows be was beheaded; 
but from the first, his body never shrunk from 
the spot, by any discomposure of bis posture, 
which, like his mind, was immoveable. 

" ' In all the time be was upon the scaffold, 
and before,' says one of the manoscript let- 
ter-writers, ' there appeared not the least 
alteration in him, either in bis voice or coun- 
tenance ; but be seemed as free from all man- 
ner of apprehension as if he had been come 
thither rMher to be a spectator than a suf- 
ferer; nay, the beholders seemed much more 
sensible than did he, so that he hath par- 
chased here in the opinion of men such ho- 
nour and reputation, a* it is thonght his 
greatest enemies are they that are most sor- 



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33 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



romtti for. hU death, which they «e« It like to 
tnin ao mnch to hi* Mvantaite/ 

*' Tlie people were deeply affected kt the 
sight, and so mnch, that one «aid, that < ire 
bad not snch another head to cut off;' and 
another ■ wished tlie head and lirMnii to lie 
npon Secretary Nannton's ■hoiilders.' The 
obiprrer infiered for this ; he wa« a wealthy 
oitiaen, and p-eat newimoager.and one who 
haunted Paul's Walk< Complaint was made, 
and the citiaen Rdoimoned to the privy-conn- 
oil. He pleaded that he intended no dis- 
ceapect to ftf r. Secretary ; hut only spake in 
reference to the old proverb, that ' two heads 
were better than one !' His exease was al- 
lowed at the moment ; bnt when atterwards 
called on iiir a contribntion to St. Panl's ca- 
thedral, and having snbscribed a hnndred 
poandt, the Secretary observed to him, that 
' twe are better than one, Mr. Wtemarkl' 
either ftom. fear or charity the witty citizen 
donbled bb tabseription. 

" Thds died this glorions and gallant cava- 
lier, of whom Osborne says, * HU death was 
managed by hira with so high and religions a 
resolotioa, at if a Roman had acted a Chris- 
tian, or rather a Christian a Roman.' 

^ After having read the preceding article, 
we are astonished at the gr^atnetr, and the 
Variable nature of this extraordinary, man, 
and this happy genius. .With Oibbonr wbo 
once meditated to write hit Hft, -we may 
panse, and prooonnca ' his 'obataeter it 
ambigiions ;' but we shall notheMtate to de- 
dde, that Rawleish knew better how to die 
than to live. ' His gtorioat hoart;' tays a 
oontemporary, ' were hit arraignment and 
excedtion ;' but never will be forgottenthe 
intermediate yean of hit lettered impritoni- 
mentr 



KESIDnCE AT ST. M9LBNA. 

[Tkir4 Notic*,] 

■ MtNOMHft together the ineidentt of din 
patting hour, and Napoleon's recollectiont 
of former events, the Conot Comet at length 
to the end of the voyage, and goet Into the 
hittory of the abode at Briart, telling mnch 
that it worthy and mnch that it unworthy of 
record. Thit coarse leads the reader- back 
and forward, up and down, from France to 
Egypt, from Egypt to the NorthnrnbeHand, 
Arom the Northumberland to Moscow,- and 
ti^m Moscow to St. Helena. Ii is related 
that Buonaparte was freqaently woniided, 
and bad a deep scar on his left thigh from a 
bayonet wound at Toulon. Sbowin* this one 
day— [" 

■ "Marehand, who was drattiiM him, -took 
the liberty of remarking, tliat 0ie eireum- 
stance Wat well known on b^^rd the Nor- 
thumberland ; that one of the^ crew had told 
him. ongoing on board, that it wat an En- 
glituman who flrtt wonndadi ohr Emperor. 

. "The Emperor, on thUr, observed that 
people had In general wood«red and talked 
a great deal of the tlugntar good fbrtune 
which bad pretervcd him, ut it were, invnl> 
aerable in to many battlet. 'Tliey were 
mittaken,' added he ; * the only reason wat, 
that I made a tecret of all my dangers.' He 
then related that he had bad three horses 
killed under him at the tiege ofToolon; that 
he had had teveral killed and woanded In 
bit campaigiu of Italy ; and three or four 
at the tiege of Salntslean d'Acra. He added, 
that be had been wonnded several times ; 
that at the battle of Rathbonne, a ball had 
Itrnek hit heel ; and at the battle of Esllng 
or Wagram, I eaadpt tay whiab, a ball had 



torn hit boot and itodiing,' and graied the 
skin of his left log. In 1814, he lost a horse 
and bis hat at Arcls-inr-Anbe, or It* nelgh- 
bonrhood. After the battle of Rrlenae, as 
he was returning to head-qnarters in the 
evening, in a melancholy and pensive mood, 
lie was suddenly attacked by some Cossacks, 
.who had paMcd over the rear of the army- 
He tlirustone of them away, and wasxibliged 
to draw hii sword in his own defence; 
several of the Cossacks were killed- at his 
side. ' But what renders thit circumstance 
very extraordinary,' said he, ' is, that it took 
place near a tree which at that moment 
caught my eye, and which I recognised as 
the very one under which, when I was but 
twelve years old, I used to sit during play- 
hnurs and. read Jerusalem Delivered.' .... 
Doubtless on that spot Napoleon had been 
first fired by emotions of ghify I " 

In a preceding part we are told 

" Napoleon received, during the siege of 
Saint-Jeao-d'Acre, an affecting proof ^^ her 
roic .devotedness. While he was in the 
trenches, a shell fell at his feet ; t^o grena- 
diers who dbserved it, immediately rushed 
towards Idm', placed him between then), and 
raising their artns above his head, completely 
covered every part of his body. Happily the 
shell respected the whole group ; nobody 
was injured. 

" One of these brave grenadif r^ after- 
wards beeame'Oenaral Dnmesnlli who lost a 
Irg in the campaign of Moscow, and com- 
manded the fbrtrest of Vinccnnes at the time 
of the Invasion in 1814.? The capital had 
been tbr some weekt occupied bv the Allifcs, 
and Dumesnll still held oni^'^No'thhil; was 
then talked of In P«Ht 1>tat Mt pe^Ankte de- 
fence, and hit hnmoi^nt rep1y;>irh*n stim- 
moned by the Riiaslt^ds tO surrender ^— 
'Give me back my* leg, dnd I will give up 
my fortress.'" 

Bnonaparte and an those about him teem 
to have been fbml Af the mtrveilonti They 
are alwayt' diteoVtring miraculout colnci- 
deneet: toms 'bf'ilhem' ahtord'and nthcrt 
curious. That, fofhittance, it it atated of 
the two favonrite Uetftenantt of Napoleon, 
" that on tlie very day and at the very hour 
when Kleher wat attasslnated at Cairo, De- 
saix was killed by a cannon-ball at Ma- 
rengo." 

Our historian Is facetious upon the society 
at Briars, and tells Indicrons stories of the 
ignorance of some of its inhabitants and vi- 
sitors. 

" In the evening the Emperor went to 
visit our neighbonrs. Mr. Htleembe, who 
was suffering under a flt uf the gont, lay 
stretched m a sola; his wife and the two 
yonng ladies, whom we had met in the morn- 
ing, were beside him. The Moilksd kali was 
resnmed Again with great spirit. Our gaetts 
liberally dealt ont all their store of know- 
ledge. The conversation Inmed ori novels. 
One of the young ladies had read Madame 
Cettin't MttAW*, and wat delighted to find 
that the Ettip«r«r was arqnalnted with the 
work. An Engtishman, with' a great round 
face, to all appearance a true weaam ^bmim, 
who had been llHtenitig earnestly, In order to 
turn his little knowledge of French to the 
best acetmnt, modestly ventured to ask the 
Emperor whether the Princess, the fHend of 
Matilda, whose character he p'artlenlarly ad- 
mired, wat itlH living? The Emperor with a 
very tolemn air replied, ' No, sir ; she it 
dead and bnried :' and he Was almost tempted 
to believe ho was bimtetf hoaked, when 



be found that the melancholy Mdinga drew 
tears from .the great staring eyet nf the 
Englithman. 



•' The yonng ladies evinced no len thnpll- 
city, tiiongh in ihem it wat more pardMMWe ; 
however, I was led to conclude that diey had 
not studieil chronolonr very dteply. One of 
them turning over Florlan*s EatUt, t« ahew 
ns that she could read French, happeiMd to 
light on the name of Gaston de Foix, and- 
finding hhn distincuished by the title of Ge- 
neral, she atked the Emperor whether be had 
hern satisfied with his conduct in the army, 
whether he had escaped the dangers of war, 
and whether he wat still living." 

The ibitowtng is mott confidential, aad Lat 
Caiet plumet himself on hit matter'a «om- 
mdntcativeneti :— 

" In one ofour nightly walkt, the Eraperar 
told me that he had in the coarte of bit Hik 
been mnoh attached to two women of vary 
diffiereat charaetert. The on« wat the tota^ 
of art and the graces ; the other wat ail In- 
nocence and timple nature : and each, be 
observed, had a very high degree of merit 

" The first. In no moment of her life avar 
atsdmed a position or attltnda that «ra« not 
pleating or captivating; It wat impottible to 
take her by turprise, or to make her feel the 
least inconvenience. Sim employed every 
teionree of art to heighten natural attrac- 
tions ; but wdth snch ingenuity at ta render 
evei'y trace of illnremeat hnpercepdbla. The 
other, on the contrary, never auspaeted that- 
any thing was to be gained by Innocent arti- 
fice. The one wat always somewhat short of 
the truth of nature ; the other was altogether 
frank and open, and wat a ttranger totnb-- 
terfiige. The first never asked her hatband 
for any thing, bnt she wat in debt to every 
one ; the tecond freely atked whenavar the 
wanted, which, however, vary teldam hap- 
pened ; and she never thousfat of receiving 
any thing vrithont'lmmedlataqr paving for it 
fioth were amiable aad gentle in diip«iltion, 
and' ttrongly atuchad to tiwir *a<aii ft. — 

tWhatdoet the worthy Cannt tatan beref] 
lilt it must already have been guetaed who 
they are ; and those who have ever aeen them 
will not fail to recognise the two Empresses." 

The idea af a Kings'-scliool wat (At of the 
bright thoughts of Ntooleon when intoxi- 
cated witfi powen It is hardly possible to 
read the Utopian account of this altogedier 
royal foundation wilhont laughter. 

" The Emperor had conceived many navel' 
Ideas relative to the adncatlon of the King of 
Rome. For this important otyect, he decided 
on tlie JasittHtt it Mevdim, of which be badal- 
ready laid down the principle, with aviewof- 
farlher developing It at hit leitnre. Tber* 
he proposed to assemble the Princes of the 
Imperial house, particularly the sons of those 
branches uf the family who had heen raited 
to foreign thrones. In this institution he lo- 
,teoded that the Princes should receive the 
attentions of private tuition, combined with 
the advantages of public education. ' These 
children,' said the Emperor, « who weta des- 
tined to orciivy diin^rent thrones, and to 
govern different nations. Would thnt hive 
aeiinired conformity of principles, manutri, 
and Ideas. The better ta facilitate theamalga- 
matianehd uniformity of the federative ptrtl 
of the Empir«, each Prince was ta briag 
with him li-om hit own eonntry ten or twelrt 
yonths about his own tge« the toot eflkt 
rtnt famlllet in the tttte. What tnin<lB> 
ence wonld they not have exeldted on their 
return ho«Kt I doubted 041/ caniianed th* 



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Eafcrw, ',bHt tlutt Prince* of other dy- 
luiie*, raroanecud with my family, would 
IM> kave loiicited^ u. a |reM.faToar, ptr- 
■iuioa to place their sons lo the Ipstituto of 
Ntadoo. What advtntages would thence 
km umn to the nations composing the En- 
n^ean association I All these yonng Princes,' 
IshI h«, * woold have been brought together 
tsrijr eaaogh to fto united in the tender and 
pontKal bonds of yoathful friendship ; and 
tktf wouM, at the same time, hare been se- 

• psrsled early enopgh lo obriate the fatal 
\ sfieeis of rising passions— the ardour of par- 

• lialitjr— the ambition of anceesa— the jealousy 

'* The Emperor wished that the education 
aflhe.Princes alionl^ be founded on general 
isfonaation, extended views,' sumnwriea, and 
malts. He wtohed them to possess hnow- 
Isdga rather than learning ; judgment rnther 
than attainmentsi he preferred the applica- 
tian of detail* to the study of theories. 
Abore all, he objected to the pursuing of any 
partiealar stndy too deeply, for he regarded 
paiftetioB or too great success in certain 
tkiagi, whether in the art* or seiencea, as n 
dissdrantaga to a prince. A nation, be said, 
will aever gain much by being gof emed 1^ 
speet, a virtooso, a nauralist, a turner, • 
iseksaith, &c Ac" 

We wonder if there was any similar plans 
for princesses and future queens. .It not, 
esandering fenule influence, we fear Ae 
MscaliBe institution would tnm out to be 
bat an iaperfMt Monarch-Academy. We 
will net, however, waste onr time in investi- 
gadng the matter, as it is probable the 
scheme may not be tried for a year or two. 

[With these brief extractt we are ibrced 
laJweentattted for the present.] 



'turn's TBSTtOES OF'AMCISMT MANHERS 
ITALY. 
(1 V€t, 8i». SsHMd and Cendmiing Notict.) 
TMcow dM stmng connexion between an 
tient and aandem times in Italy, the author 
*f this afreeaMa Tolame, after detailing the 
Baate observances towards Fortune, Mars, 
Janns, Bie, dwells at considerable length apon 
Ihe dnmatic character of some of the Romish 
nfigjooa ceremonies, such as the Agonit on 
flood Friday ; and tnrther observes,— 

" In fher, the ordinary mus, aa it is ex- 
•lafaied in the < TaMrs dsUa Dimhiu,' a liule 
beak pat into, the hands of aU the Italians 
that can read, and answering the purpose of 
anr prayer-bo4>k, is a lively representation of 
the last Scenes of oar Savi«nr* life and suf- 
fcrtngs. Thus when thn priest approadies 
fw ahar, Christ's entrance into die garden 
is to be andentood, and to the prayer which 
be otfers there, the eomawncement of the 
«*• alludes. When the priest kisses the 
altar, refitreace is made to that kiss by which 
oar Savionr was betrayed. ' When he turns 
to the people, and repedt* the ' Dommut Vo- 
tiKtm,' he is representing Christ when he 
tamed and looked upon Peter. When lie 
washes Ms hands, be figures Pilate, who de- 
clared that he wathed his hand* of the blood 
.of that innocent man. When he elevates tlie 
cottsecrate'd wafer, hie 'expresses the eleva- 
tion of onr Saviour on the cross. TThen he 
breaks it, he displays Mm expiring. Tbesfe 
tre nvt interpretations of mine, bnt are eveiy 
one tdMn fVom the voln'nte I have mentioned, 
saffetlMed and recommended by Vie chorcb 
ofBMe. Nowrareiyattthispartakesgreatly 
oTadramatlecbaraeter. ' ■ • 
"'Ftnher, tlwrala a very eorioa* aereiaooy 



at Messina on the day of the Assumption. 
The image of the 'Virgin is carried about the 
town in procession, as if she were in search 
of hf r Son. At length, wh«n she is on the 
point of entering the great piazza, a fi|nre of 
our Savionr is suddenly presented from a 
street, opposite to that by which the 'Virgin 
approaches. The latter instantly recoils in 
an ecstasy of surprise and joy at the meeting, 
and forthwith half a dozen goldfinches arc let 
loose from her bosom, which fly away, and 
are supposed to bear the glad tidiugs to 
heaven. What can be more dramatic than 
this?".- - 

Bnt lei|ving the rites of religion out of the 
question, it is, perhaps, more curious to no- 
tice. how nearly in agriciiltore and domestic 
customs tha Italian of the I9th century re- 
semble* the Roman of the 1st. 

" Tools of busbandry in Italv are in a very 
unimproved condition ; and vnilst onr agr^-' 
entturists are debating and determining th^ 
comparative merits of the Scotch and.^ng- 
lisb'pliMgiu, those of tbe Italians and Sici- 
liana remain as rude in JSfeit construction as 
they were in llie days ol[.the poet of the 
GeoTgics. - - - , . 

" When the lal^onrof tnciday is at an end, 
the plough is reiprsed ; th^ share is made to 
catch upon the yoke of tb'e animals tbat4raw 
it, and with tl^ end of tl)e ' temt ' trailing 
along the gromri, it is c.onveyed homp. Who 
does not here jKcognize the ' vmajugo araira ' 
of the Roma^^f . . 
Tempoaazaf .({uo vsiu'j<i(o refciuntur amtra.' 

Or. Fast. V. 497. 
Wbst timis.the lah'ring tundiroin toil released. 
The pbutb nrarnqi}^ yolces it to his beast. 
It may be hare«dded, that after the wheat 
has been s«wb in' drilh, persons are almost 
always employed to knock the clods to pieces 



< - by lsasid,,igreMbly te tba suggestions of the 
poet, ' ,,;.■■ I ™- 

Quid dicsm, jscDoijia semine comaws am 
Insequicor, cunralosque nncnlsle yiaguis areon ? 

The seed now sowi, i praise tha &ms's toil. 
Who breaks ani acitten the r s h a itain soil. 
These are jllnstratioM«ftka elaaaiea wbieh. 
If not valuable, are at least anasiag ; and I' 
am persuaded that the best commentary upon 
half the Latin amhors is afforded a careful 
observer by Italy itself. - - - > 

"The manner of coltivatlag'the vine in 
Italy, thou);h differing from the more ap- 
proved method of France, Ssrttcerland, and 
Germany, is the very same a* that wMch was 
in nse amongst the Romans.' - 

" The present mnthod of raising the olive 
In Italy must not be passed over. An old 
tree is hewn down, ami the ' ceppo,' or stock, 
is eat into pieces Af nearly the size and shape 
of a mushroom, and which from that clreiim- 
stance are called ' novoli ;' care at the same 
titne is taken that a smajt portion of bark 
shall belong to each ' novolo.' These, after 
having been dipped in mannre, are put Into 
the earth, soon throw np sboets, are trans- 
planted at th^ end of one year, and. in three 
year* are fit to form an olive-yard. 

' This process clears np satisfactorily, I 
think, a passage in the Oaorgica ea which 
many comments have been made ; 
Quin et caudicibus seccia, mirabile dlctn, 
Truditur e sicca' radix oleagins lijno. 

Giorg. ii. SO. 
The stock in slif fs cot, ^nd forth shall shoot, 
Opaisioi Strang*! frum each dry slice a foot.'' 
On the sutyeot nf domesGc resemblances 



we are mncli pleased with Mr. Blunt's lllus 
trations ; and espebtally with such as are. 
drawn from receut discoveries in Pompeii. 
Tho coDstructioD of the ancient and modern 
cities seems the same in every respect — 

" It has long been a matter of dispute 
amongst antiquaries, whether k'bss was used 
by the Romans for windows. From the com- 
mon employment of it for that purpose at 
present, and from the certainty tliat the sub- 
stance itself was known to (he ancients, and 
actually served for phials, it seemed to fol- 
low that it was probable it mast have been 
applied to the more important object of trans- 
mitting light. The fact, however, was not 
satisfactorily proved before the late excava- 
tions at Pompeii, when some pieces of win- 
dow-glass, one of which was about eighteen 
inches square, were discovered. I had not 
an opportunity of personally examining these 
specimens when I was at Naples ; for, toge- 
ther with some other curiosities, they were 
locked np in the receptacle of thosePompeiah 
relics which had not then been brought under 
public inspection ; but I was assured of the 
truth of the circumstance by one who had 
seen them, and whose veracity I had no rea- 
son to doubi. Glass, however, seems after 
all to have been rarely used. Shatters (Plin. 
Epift. ix. IS,) or the lapis specularis, which 
was probably that exfoliating transparent 
stone now called talc, haying sapplied its 
p'lac^. Of the latter, pieces have been found 
at Pompeii which have evidently served for 
windows. In the. villages and small towns of 
Sicily, glass is still very sparingly substitnted 
for shutters." 

In modern Italy the conveniency of chim- 
neys is not yet adopted, but a brasier with 
charcoal is set in the, dining-room ; and 
Mr. B. states, 

<= . . . Not a chimney is to be found in 
PompeU, bnt brasier* innunterable, of et- 
actlylUrlSine form as these now in nse, and .. 
some of them filled with the identical char- 
coal which was burning in thepi when the 
city was overwhelmed. 

" The method too of rendering the exha- 
lations from these brasiers less Offensive is 
farther remarkable, because it furnishes 
another instance of coincidence, sugar having 
succeeded the- bitumen which was heretofore 
thrown into them to create a grateful per- 
fume, and of which a portion is preserved in 
the musnem at Naples. - - • 

" Further, it is usual for the Neapolitans 
to decorate the exterior of their houses with 
landscapes, and, from the general dryness of 
the atmosphere, they do not suffer any very 
rapid decay. 

" The very same thing was done by the 
citizens of Pompeii, of which plentiful proof 
exists still in that interesting town. 

" But' this Is not all '■ it was ever a source 
of great amusement tp me to observe thp 
doors of ca£fS - keepers, barbers, tailors^ 
ti-adesmen, in short, of every description, 
surmounted by very tolerable pictures indi- 
cating their respective occnpations. Thus 
at a surgeon and apothecary's, for instance, 
I have seen a series of paintings, displaying 
a variety of cases to which the doctor is ap- 
'plying his healing hand. In one, be is ex- 
tracting a tooth; in another, administering 
an emetic ; in a third, bandaging an arm o.r 
leg. 

" It is singalar that an abundance of si- 
milar signs have been fonnd at Pompeii and 
Herculaneum. Thus that of a itchool U ex- 
hibited in the royal moseum at Portici.^ It 



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24 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



represents the master in the act of flogging 
an nnfortnnate urchin, who i> monnted on 
the back of one of his companion*, whilst a 
second maintains firm hold of his legs, to 
prevent resistance— (so classical is this me- 
thod of flagellation !) — meanwhile his friends 
on the benches watch the process with evi- 
dent scepticism respecting their own safety. 
Again, a shoemaker calls the attention of the 
pnblic by a picture of himself at work ; his 
shop filled with idlers, making their de- 
mands, and observing the progress of his la- 
bours; so ancient and respectable a claim 
has the cobbler's stall to tlie gossip of his 
neiglibonrs. In short, both these and others 
contaioed such amusing histories as are 
often conveyed in Dutch paintings. 
. " It may be farther stated of the shops, that 
in form and situation those in ancient times, 
and those at present existing, are greatly 
alike. Consisting of one room without win- 
dows, but perfectly open to the street, and 
fori^shed with folding-doors, tbey resemble, 
more than any thing else to which they can 
be compared, an English coach-bouse; and 
as such shops as these now very commonly 
stand on the right and left of the entrance- 
gate to a gentleman's or nobleman's house, 
of which they occupy the grouud-front ; so in 
some of the best mansions in Pompeii they 
have the very same position. Witness that 
of Sallust (as it is called,) at the door of 
whirJi is a shop for wine and oil. In troth, 
so many similar objects arrest the eye at 
Naples and Pompeii, that on a vbit to the 
latter it is hardly possible to feel convinced 
that these two cities, separated in distance 
by only twelve miles, are separated in time 
by upwards of seventeen centuries; so much 
the same are the habits of men at every pe- 
riod, whilst under the influence of the same 
circumstances. 

" It cei;tainly might have been presumed 
that castom-houies were established in the 
towns of ancient Italy, as the traveller finds 
to his cost they are at this day ; bnt the fact 
ruay now be asserted with little fear of con- 
tradiction, one building apparently for that 
purpose, and provided with weights of all 
degrees of size, having been discovered at 
Pompeii. 

" It might not have been disputed again, 
that bills and proclamations were posted 
about the streets of old in the same manner 
as tliey are now ; and yet it is not without 
satisfaction, mingled with something like 
surprise at the antiquity of so obvious ' a 
custom, that we see scrawled in red charac- 
ters on tli% walls of that disinterred city an 
advertisement, ' that a bath and nine hundred 
shops, belonging to a certain lady named 
Jnlia Felix, are to be let for five years ;' ' that 
on the 16th of May there was to be a show of 
gladiators in the theatre, which would be co- 
vered with a teil ;' ' that Numicins Pompi 
dins Rufns was to exhibit, on the 29th of 
October, a combat with wild-beasts.' 

" If again we fancy for a moment the fur- 
niture, implements, and utensils, which wonld 
be brought to light in our own houses and 
shops, supposing them to be overwhelmed, 
and then laid open some centuries hence, 
we might conjecture that many of the same 
description must have belonged to those of 
• nation so civilized as the Romans ; but still 
it is pleasing to ascertain, from a testimony 
which cannot deceive ui, the evidence of the 
relics themselves, that they had scales very 
little differing firom our own, silver spoons, 
knives but nq forks, grid-irons, spits, frying- 



pans, scissars, needles, instruments of sur- 
gery, such as knives of several forms, cathe- 
ters, spatnlas, hooks for extracting the dead 
foetns, forceps, lancets, syringes, saws, and 
many more, all made of a very fine brass ; 
that they had hammers, and picks, and com- 
passes, and iron- crows, alt of which were 
met with in a statuary's shop ; that they bad 
stamps which they used, as well for otiicr 
purposes, as for impressing the name of its 
owner on bread before it was sent to the 
oven. Thus on a laaf still preserved is legible, 
'Siligo C. Olanir,' this is Cains Olanius' loaf. 
IMany of their seals were formed in like man- 
ner of an oblong piece of metal, stamped 
with the letters of the motto ; instruments 
very similar to those used In England for 
marking linen. Thus possessed of types and 
of ink, how little were the Romans removed 
from the discovery of the art and advantages 
of printing!"- - - 

Throughout his daily occupations, meals, &c. 
the modern Italian has departed little from 
(he ancient Roman. The costume has how- 
ever undergone great revolutions, and few 
resemblances remain : thongb, 

• - - " In Italy, the shepherds are still fre- 
quently clothed with goat-skins ; a defence 
against the weather that was anciently 
adopted by the same class of people, 
Qui summovet Euros 
Pellibui inveras. Jav. Sat. xiv. IM. 

The poor, who with inverted skins, defy 
The low'ring tempest, and the &eesing sky. 

" In the neighbourhood of Fundi, sandals 
are in general nse ; and, throughout the 
Neapolitan districts, the truncated conical 
hat, or pilens of the Rom^hs, is worn by the 
husbandmen. - - - 

« Of the cosmetics used by the females in 
Italy, enough has been recorded by classical 
authors to leave no doubt that they were as 
abundant under Augustus as under Pius vil. 
There was found, however, in the toilette of 
a lady of Pompeii a small crystal box of 
rouge, which now remains in the museum at 
Naples, whilst the body it was intended to 
adorn must have long been reduced to a 
powder perhaps in quantity as little as this 
monument of perishable vanity." 

We must now conclude our analysis, which, 
with the exception of a miscellaneous note, 
we shall do with one strikingly illustrative 
picture : 

- - • " At Naples there is a burial-ground 
or campo santo for the hospitals and for 
panpers, consisting of three hundred aud 
sixty-six separate vaults. EarJi morning the 
large quarry of lava which closes the mouth 
of some one receptacle is heaved aside, and 
is not replaced before the approach of night. 
To this pit alltlie corpses destined for burial 
that day are promiscuously committed. Thus 
the revolution of a year sees them all receive 
their victims of death in succession ; whilst 
an interval (o considerable allows one crop 
to moulder and dissolve before another is 
laid low. I looked down into one of these 
chambers of mortality, and, not without some 
horror, saw several bodies stretched upon 
the ground with no other covering than a 
napkin round the waist, and lying iu the 
position in which they had happened to fall. 

"The same unfeeling treatment mani- 
fested itself towards the poor of ancient 
Italy ; naked came they out of their mother's 
womb, and naked they returned thither. 
Without shroud and without coffin, they were 
consigned, as they are now, to a common pit, 



('PtttienlBe, quod pntescebant ibi cadavom 
projecta,' Varm d* Vtr. Lit. iv. 19, Umo.) 
situated, as it is now, 6n the oatside of the 
city walls. 

" In Florence, and I believe elsewhere, the 
usage it the same ; the bodies of the poor 
are daily collected and brought to a eenmnm 
room bnilt for the purpose. At midnight 
they are placed iu a litter, (lettiga,) • car- 
riage on four wheels, and are thus taken to . 
the public cemetery without the town.- Hm 
persons called mortnarii, whose business it 
is to collect the corpses, usually pertbrm 
their gloomy service by torch-light, and may 
be constantly seen gliding along the streets 
at midnight In their white (rocks, at a very 
unceremonious pace, with the bier on their 
shoulders. 

" These tnortnarii are no doubt tiie veapil- 
lones of the Romans. The^ too were oc- 
cupied with the corpses of the poor only, 
and derived their name 'a vespere,' the ttae 
when they carried them ont." 

Tlie extracts which we have made fttxa 
Mr, Blunt will sufficiently show the natare 
of his work ; but readers will also find It to 
contain many incidental pieces of infonna- 
tion, which, however valuable, it wonld be 
difficnlt to condense into a Review. TImis, 
for instance, tlie game at Nuts, frequently 
mentioned by the Latin poets at a favoarite 
with children, 

Nucibus facimui qusecunque telictis,— PeiK i. lO. 
is still played by Italian boys wkh'-walmits, 
as it is in Britain with cherry-stones. Per- 
haps few of our tyros are aware when tbey 
have made castles (as we have often done) 
of three pips surmounted by one, and aimed 
at them from a few yards distance, the prize 
tailing to him who strikes and diapertea the 
edifice, how directly their play was derived 
from the Roman conquerors, or bow exactly 
it accorded with the description by the author 
oftlie"NuxElegia:" 

Qnatuor in nucibus non ampKut alaa' teta est. 
Cum tibi soppotitis tdditur oaa tiibat. 
In stakes of nuts the gamblinj boys agree. 
Three placed bebw, a fourth to crown the three. 

The modern game of Morra too ; " There 
cannot be a doubt that the ' micxre digilis' 
of the Romniis was tiie self-same amutcment ; 
and the force of their expression for an 
honest man, that he was one ' with wboin 
fingers migllt be counted in the dark,' * qno- 
cum micare potes in tenebris,' becomes tnf^ 
ficienUy intelligible." 

From the torches of old, and now borne at 
the funerals of tlie rich, the word itself is 
derived, quasi /ttiisf accensi ; the salutation 
of the foot now performed to the Pope, was 
an honour first paid to Oiodetian; and the 
privilege of a criminal claiming his life, who 
accidentally met a vetUl on the way to exe- 
cution, is still preserved in the person* of 
the Cardinals. 

With these brief memoranda we dote onr 
remarks, and recommend this very interest- 
ing book to all our readers. 

The Republic of Ants, a Poeni. With Notes. 
ISmo. pp. 101. Londoa 1823. Sitnpkia 
& Marshall. 
About two years ago we spoke favooraUy 
of "The Monarchy of the Bees," a produc- 
tion similar to die present, and by the same 
anthor. Every thing which encourages nse- 
ttil study ought itself to be encouraged ; end 
among these performances we may truly 
reckon such poems at familiarize the mind 



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JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



26 



witlrSdeiice, imprexs its temu and facti on 
the memoiy, and thron^h a pleaaiitg medinm 
induce a love of intbrmation — u thns, for 
•saapie, Ui Nautai Hisfany. In exeratinc 
a detign of this luad, it is expedient to choose 
iaiereatini; snbjeets, and few can be am>re 
iaterecting than a description of the habits of 
Beea or Aots ; creatnres so extraordinary as 
ia a aaarkcd naoner to display the wonders 
of Proridence in the arraof^eots of animal 
economy. Their resemblance to bapisnity, 
ia many points, adds force to the personifi- 
cations, aind gives a ▼erinmilitnde approach- 
in;: reality to the drama of . their lives 
and habits. The anthor has, by almost para- 
phraaing Hnbefi rendered this little volume 
an instmctive and pleasing book for the 
yoang ; bot we have a fanit to find with him, 
which, we tmst, he will lose no time in 
amending. While teadiing Natural History, 
care onght to be taken not lo nnteach Oram- 
nar by false examples ; yet, in the first six 
lines of this poem, we find two errors of this 
sort. 

"Tins oo a summer's evening, passing fair, 
When not a l>reath disturbed the slumb'ring sir. 
And aot a cloud the asure sky o'erspread, [head ; 
Sar tree, through all the woodt, tcarce mov'd if 
The silvery streams along the vallies run, 
While down the western aky fast roU'd the sun. 

Hie italics in the foarth line point to the 
incorrectness of the disjnnctive conjanction, 
made worse bv the adverb, and run for ran in 
the fifth line is a change of time from tlie 
past to the present — the rhyme destroying the 
writer's meaning. Apart from tlie poorness of 
the verse, we approve of this Work, and re- 
commend it to onr yonthful readers. 



AikTBAVD BcncBirass. 

AN IMQUIRY. 

Mr. Editor. — Daring a ihort stay in Paris 
ia 18U, I was one day passing by the Qnai 
da Lonvre, where a i^rimacier canght my 
attention, who was gniining for customers 
to his master's course of Philosophical ex- 
periment* : the price of admittance into a 
temporary shed, which served for an Exhi- 
bition room, was two sons. I gave half a 
franc, and my mnnificence was rewarded by 
a sitnation very near the phitosoplier. His 
apparatus was excellent. With a large air- 
pamp he froze water by rapid exhaustion, 
without the assistance of absorbents ; and liy 
a converse experiment he produced fire by 
sodden condensation of the air. But his most 
anuuigg and interesting experiments were 
performed with a powerthi plate electrifying 
■sachine. Many of those which are nsual 
were ahewn — one was very diverting : a girl 
taken from the erowd, was placed on tbc in- 
salated stool, and the young fellows were 
challenged to kiss her ; several attempted it, 
bat before their lips conid come into contact, 
spark* from her nose always drove them off, 
to the great amnsement of the spectators 
and the discomfiture even of some yonng 
soldier* who made the attempt. But the 
object, Mr. Editor, of this communication, is 
to make inqniry through the medinm of yonr 
paper, respecting one of the experiments 
that I witnessed. A pot of monld was 
piaeed on the stool, on a table; the exhibitor 
took from • bottle a mouthful of liquid, which 
I then believed to be water, and blew it over 
the snrfaoe of the mould to moisten it; he 
then aprinkled some cress and mustard teed 
on thn Mirftee, and placed on them a roimd 



piece of tin, apparently the bottom of an old 
kettle ; on this the chain was laid, and the 
madiine was worked strongly, for a time, 
not exceeding a minute. When the tin plate 
was removed, it was discovered that the seed 
lud spronted to a sallad an inch long ! I was 
struck with the experiment, never having 
seen it before, and examined every thing 
about it, not to detect imposture, for there 
was none intended, the exhibitor professing 
philosophy, not necromania, but tliat I 
might be enabled to repeat the experiment 
when an opportnnity occurred. Since my 
return to England, I have tried it, without 
success, and consulted friends who are con- 
versant with electrical facts, yet ignorant of 
this very interesting and useful one. If this 
account should meet the eye of any gentle- 
man who can communicate to yon further 
information upon the subject, I think it may 
prove of general interest. O. 



xivaik&TinkB, arc. 

CTBfMROOOBlOW, OR METROPOUTAN 
CAMBRIAN INSTITUTION. 

Thb Medallion of this Institution has 
been offered for the most approved Welsh 
Poem on " Ymdrech Caswallawn a Lllnvedd 
ynys Prydnin yii erbyn y Rliiivclniaid;" and 
for tlic most approved English Essay on 
" Welsh Gene^jlogies, and tlieir use and im- 
portance in t'oruicr times." 

The prizes will be awarded on the 22d of 
M.iy next, tbc Anniversary of the Society. 

The Medsts lately offered liy the Cyinmro- 
dorion for Essays from the Sehools in Wales, 
have been gained by Evan Williams, of Dan- 
ger School, and David Jnmes, of Cardigan 
School, An extra medal has beeit given to 
JaniC!) Meredith, of the school at Ystrad- 
mciri;;. 



Voyage PUtnmque en SicUe .* Ptetnmque Tour in 
&cil!f. Sic; dedicated tu the Daduae do 
Berry. 
Sicily, with one exception, is an island 
whose ancient remains and history, illns- 
trated by these remains, possesses the 
strongest attractions for the literaiy world ; 
and we are surprised that it has been so 
little and so negligently explored. At the 
tail of an Italian journey, or incidentally in 
the way of a Greek tour, it has been its usual 
fate to be mentioned ; and nil of Cyclopian, 
Phcenician, Greek, or Roman, that may be 
traced in the celebrated Sicania, is generally 
summed np in a few pages. Regretting this, 
we were well satisfied to see the present 
work devoted to that island announced ; and 
we have been still more pleased in observing 
the manner of its execution, Sicily was 
worthy of a liberal and enlightened lUiutntor, 
and she has found one in M. Ostervald, the 
projector of this undertaking. This gentle- 
man, inspired by a love of literatnre and the 
arts, seems to spare oo expense in the com- 
pletion of his design. Talent, to whatever 
country it belongs, has been soirght out tJ 
embellish the pnblicatioa, and we find as we 
turn over the pages the mingled names of 
English, French, SwiiS, Italian, and German 
Artists, who have been employed on the 
score of merit and without national preju- 
dice or partiality. Thns emulation may be 
said to act as powerfully as reward in pro- 
curing excellence for the Voyage Pittoresqne. 



labours M. Ostervald ha* availed Uoiself, in 
the four {ismiami which have reached Eng- 
land, we observe Count Forbin, M. Cock- 
erell, and others, whose acknowledged abili- 
ties would give character to any work in 
which they were concerned. In the engrav. 
ings a similar variety and honourable rivalry 
have been introduced. Every book, an ele- 
phant folio, contains four plates, in Aqna- 
tinta, from original drawings, and by dif- 
ferent artists. The text embraces a sketch 
of the history of Sicily ; deacriptioiu of a 
local nature, and of places where tlie min* 
Sec. exist ; and explanations of the anbject* 
selected. Tliese are by M. de Lassalle. An 
admirable Map of Sicily, from the French 
military measurements, is prefixed to the 1st 
Book. From 100 to ISO plates are calculated 
to comprehend all the principal monuments 
and most interesting views in the Island; 
and thus the whole will make two folio 
volumes. 

As this great Work is hardly known in 
England, we have taken some pains to exa- 
mine and bring it under notice. Aqna-tinta 
Is certainly not the style of art most fa- 
voured in this country, nor is it of the highest 
class. Still, however, it seems well suited 
for such productions as this Voyage ; and it 
is but justice to M. Ostervald to state that 
no sparing of expense is perceptible in his 
endeavours to famish a superb pictnre of 
Sicily. He has gone into his design eon 
amore, and every sncceeding book is exe- 
cuted in a style snperior to that which pre- 
cedes it: a fact which speaks volumes in 
favour of the publication. The size of the 
plates is perhaps beyond that which may be 
esteemed to combine conveniency with gran- 
deur ; but those who dislike the splendour 
of marginal and typographical show, may 
without injury pare down the page to their 
own standard. Upon the whole, we con- 
sider the Voyage Pittoresque to be one of 
the finest private speculations which has is- 
sued from the continental press. It more 
resembles one of the magnificent works 
which we have seen issne from governments ; 
and we fear, that however wc may attract 
towards It the eyes of our Dilletanti, its 
success in the present state of the arts in 
^n^land will not do much towards compen- 
sating the author for bis spirited and noble 
enterprise. 

In order to do him that service however 
to which we think his efforts entitle him, we 
have had copied on wood, the first plate of 
the 2d Livraiaon, the best representation of 
the Crater of Etna with whii* we are 
acquainted. We have also translated the 
letter-press account of this famous spot, 
which will show the character of the book 
in a literary light. 

" Above the snows, which to a distant be- 
holder seem to crown Etna, and to be in 
immediate contact with the orifice of that 
immense volcano, there exists a vast and 
uneqnal space, a desolate and frightful re- 
gion, incessantly beaten by an impetuous 
wind or covered with sniphnrous clouds, 
agitated by continnal workings which daily 
change its aspect and its dangers, and com- 
posed of the remains of the most violent 
eruptions or of the more tardy products of 
the continnal fermentation operating within 
the crater even in its ordinary and accessible 
state. In the midst of this arid, bnrning 
and cliaotic waste, rises an ultimate emi- 
nence, steep and uneven, down the sides of 



Among the distinguished persons of wbote ^ which roll at every moment the torrified sob 



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36 



THE! LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



itMiMt aniilttd from tbe interior of tli* 
crater, at abort interraia, and witti load de- 
tonations. Yet tllia InaUtttaneoni ejection 
of eindara, laTa and seorias, i^ not sufficient 
to deter the audaciona trareiler, who la de- 
tannined on attaining a station whence he 
may contemplate the gnlf of which this 
frightfal cone forms as It were the crown. 
In aaeending the exterior slope of tliis apes, 
the feet are sometimes buried in looite cin- 
ders, or recoil with the rubbish that gives 
way at every step ; sometimes they slip from 
the smoother parts which the mephitic clouds 
Iwve covered with humidity. Stili, the heat 
of this nnstable ground allows no time for 
taking breatlit even «hen the extreme rare- 



factiM ef the air, at an elevation of 10,000 
feet above the level of the sea, might alone 
canse great difficulty of rMpiratton. Ek- 
halationa from the crater descend in volumes 
down the aides of tbe monntain, predadng) 
when met with, a painfnlly saffocatlng sensiU 
tion, and augmenting the terror and dismay 
caused by tbe explosions that ore heard from 
the Interior of the volcano, echoing and re • 
verberatlng in abysses of which the imagina- 
tion dares not conceive the extent or pro- 
ftindlty. At each detonation the mountain 
appears to qnake; scorlas, aslies, and cal- 
cined stones glide In black furrows along its 
declivity, and render the access still more 
peritoQs. In many cases it is only by going 



on hands and kneeSr and bw attaeUng Hi^b- 
selvea one to another with cord*, t£at p*r-> 
son< find it possible to attain tbe extremfl 
verge of the groat opening, from whence ttt« 
eye can scarcely take in the vast cirenm-. 
ference at a single view. In AMt, the erater 
of Etna Ilia not the aspect of an aimoat r*- 
gnlar funnel ; it appears rHiher to be • gnlf« 
the periphery of which, nneqnal In Its ont< 
line and elevetioai is divided by anmerons 
crevices, and pnaaenta, in a circle of oearty 
a leagne in extent, a snoeession of salieaC 
and retiring angles, lateral cavities, deafi 
6ssures and sharp projeetioas, several m 
which form so many particular craters la • 
state of incandeteenee. • ^ • • - - 




........ The View here given 

represents one of these divisions of the great 
erater; it is the most elevated part of its 
opening. The interior surface, which has 
almost the aspect ef an artificial excavation, 
is furrowed with crevices from whence are 
emitted, with some noise and at brief inter- 
vals, sheaves of Are and whirling clonds of 
amoke, the greater part of which after rising 
to a considerable height fall down again into 
the very gulf. The burning lava, tiM! ashes, 
and the calcined fragments, are frequently 
shot to the exterior of the crater ; glittering 
acoric explode In the air like sky-rockets, 
and roll away at a distance down the slope 
of the mountain. Some travellers have seen 
torrents of lava escape from the cavitiea of 
the interior declivity, in a state of fusion, 
•nd flow down t|ie abyss, where they were 
lost in tbe linnositiei of an irregular bnt ap- 
parentlv bottomles* (hnnel. Yet this fearlnl 
spectacle may be contemplated firom a still 
Merer point of view ; aud some Intrepid ob- 
aervera have penetrated down the sloping 
aides into the very interior of the crater, in 



which at the depth of 2S or SO feet occurs a 
sort of Shelf or corniclie, from whence a 
closer inspection may be obtained, though 
not withont extreme danaer,of this imposing 
scene. In regard to all below this point, 
the descriptions that have been given of the 
crater difler from each other, and prove, by 
their diacrepanciea, that the gulf undergoes 
freqnent changes at that depth, in its state 
and situation. Sometimes the bottom ap- 
peared covered with ashes and rubbish ; 
sometimes It was overspread with a dense 
vapour Impenetrable to the sight. There 
were momenft when it was possible to dis- 
tinguish the sinnoslties of an abyss winding 
amidst calcined rocks to the depth of about 
000 feet i at other times, an interior cone, 
crowned with a aec6nd crater, rose from the 
midat of the cavity ; ata morerecentperiod, 
this immense basin seemed to be divided in 
several places by immense, partitions formed 
ef lava knd scorise. But whatever be the 
state of tbe gulf, Ita snblime and terrible 
aspect, and the dreadful phenomena of which 
it 18 the scene, appal the understanding and 



strike the imagination. Adopting tbe fietioil 
of the poets, the beholder here fancies hitii> 
self at the gates of hell; at least be im 
tempted to exclaim with the simple viliagera 
of the vicinity, " Ecce la casa del dlavolo I'f 
But if, on turning at once from the cont«aa> 
plation of these horrible wonders, he directs 
his view away from the crater toward tit* 
immense horixon which expands aronnd Etaft, 
a contrast of tbe most delightful kind ea> 
chanta bis e>e, and revives his oppresaed 
spirits. All 'Sicity, her cities, her barbonra, 
her rivers, her rich plains, and the sea whids 
forms her snperb cincture, seen from tbis 
prodigious elevation, form a pirtnre inde- 
scribably magnificent. Torrents of liglit 
stream over these fertile-valleys, those aanrn 
waves, and those monatains that aeem 
dwindled into little hilb In the presence ef 
Oils frowning and gigantic voloaao." 

The fatt book contains, as we have men- 
tioned, an admirable Map of Sicily; and 
also plates of tho Theatre of Taormine; the 
Temples of Caacotd at Agrigentnm, and of 
Jupiter Olympins at Syracuse, and of ruins 



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JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



37 



•t Tiadaro. The mnd hu tb« Grater of 
Eta*, at kare eopiad trom a iketdi of (ioant 
F^ittin'i, and enKraTed by Newton Field- 
iaf ; £n«il it Cytloft, tinted from a drawing 
bjr PmirtalM Oorgier ; Tkmart d* Stgtttf a 
noble nussive min ; and Syracnie, from tli* 
llwatre, bjrM. Birmann. The tkhd ooatiMi 
of a Cloittpr of the Capnchiax at Palermo, 
beaatiAdly done; the portof Trepani, a fine 
raoooUght toene, with *«reet effect! <- Tenple 
of Juno at Agrigentnia, by Fronuaet of 
CarltraiM, and doing great eredit to bU 
penoU— the landscape is pleasing, and co« 
lamas of rains, fur wliich the joftaesl of 
aqoa-tiata is excellent, add greatly to its 
solcaiaity, while the fore-groand it oecapisd 
with corrcot drawings m aloes and other 
plaatt dtaraeteristic of the site ; and, last^ 
Hesslaa, another ebarmiag view, with a 
paiai-tice prettily introdnced, . The fmrth 
iMMk cl*«s Etna from the House of Ocaiel- 
bn, Um Sab di Partenico (from M. Cocli- 
ereH, and a boantifai pictnre,) the Benedie* 
tine Conrent at Sdacca ; and the Rnina of 
Japitcr's Temple at Agrigentnm, one of the 
finest things in the whole worib 

TUt eamaeration will be sufficient to cx' 
pJaia the datare of the worit ; and a« we 
caanot do more to malit oor readers ac> 
ifBaintad with a performanee wherb the Art* 
cOBstitate *o essential a part,^ we ahaii only 
add, ttut as an ornament to the rich libraiy 
or brilliant salooo. the Finorafu* Voy»gt m 
ScUt is eminently deserring of attcation. 



Hwe I nix csusa to wtcp ? You leant 

LUcc one •ninncsd beside her chair, 
So doss your chtik to hsr clioek bent. 

Your breaching waved her raven hair | 
Siie ianf , sod every note you beard 

Aa without power to breathe or stir ; 
And then you read each love-6Ued word. 

And pied as each were meant for her. 
The song of lave, the bxik, the tigh. 

Were juit hke thoee exctumged by as. 
I thought them true ; Imt tliU csn I 

Beiitve if you prafime them thus? 
Pcrhsja you think my diildiih heart 

Is worthless, since that heart is won, 
And you can piay the trUler's part— 

' The prise scorned when ihs rKe Is won. 
Well, be it so: I can resign 

All claim npon thy heart and thee ; 
Bach sigh, word, look, thought, must be mine, 

Or-eke you are no love forma. Vkmbix*. 



OASOWAA ybsnbYv 



•ONMBT, 

htitaled firm Tnm'i tmntitt 
' Non sone in quests rive.' 
Not on this baidc of flowers, where fondly sips 

Thetat iukcioof sweets the wiM bee, wik thou find 
A rtrmil tiat to match my LitVt lips ! 

Nor, hi'the brSathiegs of the summer wmd 
Fresh Adm smid ih* gelid foamsin's spray. 
And flNMgbr Wicb= frsjrsnee fhim the dewy beds 
Of leeea *hd-^ lilie* biuhig, 
That tpradthelKbdsMhs to the wording rsy, 
8«Hl dttleit bsMiottyi'M etwWieds 

Its mt|ioremid m^'ifWiyLisA sing. 
Flow ever, song otU>v«l ^1^' power maintain, 
Bave while my khtttk llll(m<h|it the strain. 
Jan. lt»8i ' >"' "• . . ' A.T.T. 



SPIMTS or ItEATBK. 
Smrk of Joy ! I will csll upon thee !_ 

wiib thy boimdiog step and thy radisnt smile 
Ibso ahalt teach me thy mirth and reveltyi 

For thou canst the csres. of life beguile. 
Yet leave me, ah, leave me ! all gay as thnu art, 

I leva not thy vain and idle folly ; 
"thj lau^tar oppreeses the weary heart, 

Aad Uaves it to bnguor and melancholy. 
SfUa of Peace ! descend from the Ay, 

Wkh thy calnvpore look aad ihy pramiee of rest ; 
Aad la the beam at thy dove-like, eye 

8ii( the throba of tbie troubled bieesti 
Yct,I>8ugfater of Heav'n ! thy pinion fold, 
■ My rcadam aool will not bend to thy sway t 
Vat tby smde, tho' sweet, b strangely cold, 

Aai it chills my spisit--Away ! away ! 
Spwit of Love '. obey my voice ! 
' And lead my steps to thy ftiry bowers, 
Aad let my heart in thy smfle rejoice, 

Aad cn><rti my brow with thy brightest flowers ; 
Ah, traitor ! thy rases too swiftly fsde. 

Too bOoo the captive shsll feel thy chain ; 
Aad asany t heart by thv smile betrayed, 

HiiaU sigh for its freedom— but tigh in vain. 
Spitn of Hope ! from thy bright cloud bend, 

No power can thy endless charm destroy i 
If than wilt ever my steps attend. 

My bfe shall be one bright round of joy. 
Aafd of Beauty ', thy guardian wing 

Sliall shield me from every earth-bom sorrow ! 
I feel not the anguish te-d<y may bring. 

If anU thou wUt pramisc s bliuful morrow ! 
Nttimi Mtis, Dfc. S, 1833. Fathbr Fjuncit, 



THB jaAfcov* VAia. 
Nmt, iMk not on saother sol 

ragi«a mc, bat I csanot broah 
Tb« saaMe. which only / thooid knew, 

Tbna. tuned to meet aaotber't kwk. 






With folded emu and ruelU lodt 

Tlie thoughtful wester stood. 
As pondering deeply ere he took 

A step in such a mood. 
From one to t'other cost sn eye 

He turned before he spoke ; 
At length a very Inog drawn sigh 

The awfiil silence broke i— 
* I've dined with my Lord, and I've dined with bis 

Graee, 
Tdl no longer a plate they'll aflbrd, or s plsee ; 
And now, not a Waiter will trust me s penny. 
For my credit is gone (if I ever hsd any.) 
And there hangs my dandy, snd I'll be heng'd too 
tr I know in this case what the devil to do> 
1 am stimed in sll things ss well ss my waist. 
And to dine with Duke Humphrey is not to my 

uste; 
So adieu, my desr Dandy, the gsp you must stop ; " 
And awsy went the Coat to a pawnbroker's shop. 



iM!>iio»tPTs(;|' ■■■''■■" 

O say whae-is LeveiT 
What is love! 
' An Urcbm with a bow . . ., .,.1,. 
Aad arrow, ■• uu . 

By great Jove sent liiiio- 

. To rule the world. 
Is he omnipotent ? 
Aye— for in the city or the forest wild 
Alike he rules. 
And Kings and Aueens, 
And rich snd poor. 
The White msn and the Moor, 
On bended knee do homage to this Child. 
And his he no attendanu ? Yes, he has two : 
The first a pale-faced Clown, 
With heavy brow, and shoe 
Untied, and stacking hanging down, 

Whose na-ns is Care; 
The latter a rosy round- fiiced boy. 
With laughing eve Snd golden hair, 
And him the Kymphs call Joy, 

Tell, Lady, if you can be sure. 
Have I i^htly safai i Ah, c'est I'Amoar ! 
Si. Jmtm't StNel. D. W. 

run TWO coAW— A tau. 

" (^iHm. I laid aa elder soldier, not a better- 
Did I smMMt? 
Mnttu. it jroB did I eare not."— ^Jkcki^Mr*. 

As two ootla on their pegs hung by side of eseh 
afittr, [nid t'other. 

<< I'm ylMir elder," said one, ** I'm your better," 
" Your fMtter, farsoetb ! make it out if yoa can. 
You've asere inpprags, hidaed^ but 'tis wenh makes 

the man." 

<• The COM if yon please," was the caustic rnly. 

And the qusrrel at last MS •■ Yon lie," sad m You 

But the eeots now most listen to other a&irs, [he." 

I Bar the fo«t of their master was beard oa the sulfi. 



OV •OOZSTT. 

WtUlAM RftlOlLBtmOItS.* 
By W. H. Otsybe^. 

Oh Hit Mi^uti/'t Pardon &<Iii| granted to 
Mae Qidrke, who had killed a Man during lA« 
RlaUat the Brentford Eletthn. 
Fcrrtune a pardon gives Mic Qulrke 
For dirty MIniaierial work, 
For riot ahd for murder : 
While she two years a Wilkes confines 
For Writing some few harmless lines 1 — 
Ssy, what can Fonune further ? 
Balfe and Mac Qnirke, two Irish chair- 
men and celebrated bruisers, wpre hired by 
the Committee of Sir W. B. Proctor, the 
unpopular Candidate, as bladgeoii-meii at 
the Brentford Election ; and coming in con- 
tact with the bludgeon-men of the Opposi- 
tion Candidate, a serions and desperate riot 
ensued, in which a bludseon-man of the Op- 
position side was killed. Mac Qtttrk« waa 
tried and convicted of murder ; bitt undler 
the whole of the circniiistances. His Majeity 
was advised to extend a firee pardon to bim. 
Wilkes, the popular Candidate, was con- 
fined two years in the prison In St. George's 
Fields, Borongh, for a most infamoua ahd 
blasphemous libel. 

On a lUport being tery enrrent that Sir Wm. B. P, , 
the UhuHtrial and vntueeeaftU Caadiifote at 
Brentford, ttai about to he rewarded with a 
Peerage for hit Servieet to the Minittry, 
In former times, but Bate be prais'd 

There are no such doings now. 
Some men to peerages were rsis'd 

The world knew why, snd how c 
But now 'I'u usual, for to sink 

Conten.pt in one short word- 
That when » thing begins to st . . . 
We csll that thing — a Loid. 
The above was naniilly said to have hart 
Sir William's feelings more than any other of 
the election sqnibs, which srere fur the time 
almost innnmerable. 

On certain of the Member! for the City and the 
Borough wiing, that " Col. H. L, Lultreil rnii 
duly returned Memherf9r Middlesex." 
When men their votes thus prostitute, 
And twesr that Mack is white. Sir, 
And join with Holland, tool to Bute, 
To rsit St Bill of Rights, Sir— 

• Tho' these anecdotes nre not idl entirely new, 
yet the new ctrcnmstaili'es related In Mich of them 
as are not ao, wiH, we are satisfied, make the 
colleotloh acct^taUe l« our retdem.— £if< 



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28 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



Ne'er drink of drop of CaWert'i butr, 

Proclaim in ererjr alehouse. 
That you win never more set foot 

In Whiibread'f or in Thrale'a bouw. 
" Calvert'i Bntt."— In the early part of 
taj life, the lirewem supplied the publicans 
with beer of three diflferent strengths ; hence 
in Town the purchaser railed for a pot nt' 
Single, or Tim Thnail, or Three Thread Ben-. 
(Ill the sea-purts in Norfolk, where only two 
norta were nerred out, they f;enerttlly called 
for s pot of Oak and Alder, 'i. e. mixed' NocR.) 
Felix Calvert, the sreHt brewer, nndcrtonk 
to (npply the general palate without tliis 
•dmixtnre, and succeeded, producing what 
i> now, and liax been for some lime, called 
Porter, from the porteri in Town being ex- 
tremely fond of it. So lately as thirty yeara 
irince, the bonsca in London, to draw custom, 
marked in the most cnnspicnons manner on 
their lionses, " Calvert's entire Butt;" that 
it, drawn from one bntt, withoot admixtnre. 
{To be continued.) 



LETTERS FliOM PARIS. 

ParU, Dee. SS, 1828. 

A DINNER was given a few days nince to 
M. Beranger ; a great nnmbrr of onr lite- 
rary men were present, and the toasts were 
very iiigetiinnsly arranged. After dinner the 
following Song was sung in honour of le 
premier Chatuoimier de la France: 

A mes accords, Muses, daignez sourire, 

Guidet mcs pas vers le sacre vallon ; 

D'un doigt leger je veux toucher ma lyre, 

Inspire! moi, je cbante Anacnott. 

Non ce vieUlard qui dans sa longue enfance 

Vm beau printem|» conferva la fraicheur ; 

Mais son rival ou stin vainqueur ; 

C'est I'Anacreon de la France. 

Rappclex-vous qu' k son pays fidMe, 
. II cclcbra I'auguste liberte, 

Et qu'en >es vera pour rhi»tou« immortelle 

II burina notre imm'orulite. 

Lorsque le sort trahit notrc vaillance. 

Son luth plaintif conaola nos douleucs. 
. Qui para nos cbaines de fleun i 

C'est I'Anicrcon de la France, 

L'Anacrecn que nous vante la Grice 

Buvait jadis le Chios petillaiit, 

II y puisait sa poetique ivresse 

Et le vieillard s'endormait en chantant. 
, Nectar divin, de ta douce influence 

Nous craignoiis peu les bachiqucs eSets : 

Ami, versons de vin Fran^ais 

A I'Anacreon de la France. 
The booksellers are full ol'bnsinets ; binders, 
stitchers, engravers, are all in requisition for 
the itremiee. The authors of a certiiia class 
are also in activity, compiling, revisins, ror- 
rerting, &c. 4c. |»ur lejour de Can.- Among 
the thousand things that are destined to 
salute 1828, scarcely one seems worthy to 
survive till 1834. 



Jan. 1, 1823.— Tlie Memoirs of Madame 
Canipao hove ju<it made their appearance, 
and 1 send « few more extracts : 

" Louis XIV. was informed that the offi- 
cers of his honsehold had expressed in a 
most offensive manner how much they were 
mortified at being oblijed to dine at tli'e table 
du nntnteur de la boiiche with Moliire, valet de 
clianibie to the king, because he performed 
as a Comedian, and that that celebrated 
genius bad absented himself from their din- 
ners. Louis, desirous of patting an end to 
the insults offisred to one of the first men of 



the age, said one morning to Moliere, ' They 
tell me that yon make meagre fare here, 
and that the officers of my chamber do not 
think yon fit to eat with them. Perhaps yon 
are hungry ; I wake myself with a good ap- 
petite ; sit down to table, and let us have 
brcakf-ist." Moliere and his majesty took 
their seatf. Lonis helped his valet to a 
wing of a fowl, and himself to another, and 
ordered the eiilr^n familieret to be admitted ; 
the persons the most di'^tingnislied and fa- 
voured at court, accordiiicly made their ap- 
pearance. * Yon see, snid the King, I am 
feeding MQlierc, whom my valets de cliambre 
do not find sufficiently good company for 
them.' From that moment Moliere had no 
occasion to present himself at the table of 
the persons on service; nil the court were 
eager in pressing on him their invitations. • • 
" Louis XV. was much attached to an old 
Squire, M. de Landsmath, a man of nn- 
boundcd frankness and nntameable spirit. 
A few instants after the assassination of tlic 
King by Dainiens, Landsmath entered the 
chamber abrnptly, and found the Princesses 
and the Daiiphine «veeping round the bed of 
the sovereign. ' Dismiss these weepers,' 
said he, ' I wish to speak to ynu alone.' 
His Majesty made a si);n to the Princesses 
to retire. ' Allous,' «ai^ the Squire, 'your 
wound is nothing ; you ha:d plenty of waist- 
coats;' and tben nucoverirtg his breast, 
« See,' be continued, ' eOttnt these scars, 
four, five, I had these wounds thirty years 
ago ; come, cough, congh hard.' The King 
coughed.] The Squire oMered other acts, (not 
the most delic.ite) L6nTi\)heyed. 'There,' 
said Landsmath, ';fdn may laugh at this 
affair— in tour days we will rnn down the 
8ts<;s.' * But If :tiie steel should have been 
poisoned?' saidlibe King. ' All old stories 
and idle nonsense,' said the huntsman ; ' and 
even if it were so, your v»»t and your waist- 
coats would have wiped off all the poisonous 
ilriigs before the point reached yon.' His 
Majesty was soothed, and passed a very 
comfortable night." 



King'sThe^tre. — ^The Opera Season com- 
menced on Satarday, not very brilliantly, 
with the Clemeuia di Tito. Owing to some ac- 
cident, Caradori was thrown in Mad'Ronxi's 
part; and other inferior changes were made, 
not favourable to the performances. Id the 
Uivcrtisement several new dancers appeared, 
but not of that extraordinary merit to call 
for particular notice, though a fair accession 
to the light-heeled corps : Their names are, 
M. and Mad' Falcoz, from Lisbou ; and 
M. Arniand des Forges, from Bordeaux, which 
is as famous for breeding dancers in France, 
as Bristol is for turniouout boxers in England. 
A Mad"° AiireHe debuted in the Ballet, and 
displayed considerable finish. 

Drury Lane. — On Saturday was produced 
at tills tbe.itre, from a French origin ,ind the 
pen of Mr. i'oole, a petite Comedy in two 
arts, under the title of " Simpson and Co." 
We think it likely to prove a prosperous 
partnership, and that it will settle (irmly in 
public estimation. The plot is shortly thus : 
Two partners (Messrs. Simpson and Brom- 
ley) live with their respective mates in 
the same house. Mr. Bromley, though on 
other occasions a constant and loving bos- 
band, has been struck with the cbarms 
of a Mrs. Fitcallen,.a yonng widow lately 
t^rrivetl from India, whom bie has acci> 



dentally met, and to whom, under the as- 
sumed name of Captain Walsingham, be Iim 
endeavoured to intcoduce himself; ^nt hit 
advances have been repulsed by her : yet he 
still loves on, tormented, however, by the 
thought that he is not acting quite right by bit 
own partner fbr life, who is doatinghr foml of 
him. By some well contrived and accidental 
circumstances, a suspicion is raised in Mr>. 
Simpson's mind that An- husband is the person 
who pays visits in Harley Street (Mrs. Fitz- 
allcn s residence,) and the afiuoofius to which 
her fierce accusations of her lord, who is 
totally igiiorant of the whal>r affair, give rise, 
afford opportnnities for some excellent comic 
scenes, in which Mr. Bromley is now and 
then most awkwardly situated by the un- 
limited confidence of his lady and' tlie con- 
sciousness of his inconstancy. Mrs. Fitzallen 
happens to have been a youthful acquaintance 
of Mrs. Bromley's, whom she has not seen 
since her arrival from abroad. She calls to 
pay a visit to her f3rmer friend, and her ap- 
pearance in Mincing Lane at first strengtbeas 
the sospicionsof Mrs.Sin^son, but nitimately 
produces the s.-faircistaMRt. Mr. Bromley of 
conrse repents, and resolves to be constant 
for life. From these slender materials the 
author, by m considerable attention to stage 
effect, and by the excellence of the performers 
in their respective parts, has contrived to 
work op a very pleasant piece, hardly en- 
titled to the appellation of a comedy, bat 
certainly a most entertaining farce. The jea- 
lousy of Mrs. Simpson, the indignation and 
astonishment of her husband, the confiding 
fondness of Mrs. Bromley, and her alarm 
lest the morals of her husband should be 
corrupted by associating with his commercial 
partner, afford fine opportunities to Mrs. 
Glover, Mr.Terry and Mrs. Davison, for the 
display of g^eat talent ; and Mr. Cooper wa« 
exceedingly happy in delineating the erring 
swain. The dialogue claims no partictlar 
notice, but the whole drama is lively and 
entertaining, keeping the audience in high 
good humour during its representation. Its 
success was complete, and " the drafts of 
the bouse of Simpson Jlc Co. on poblic oppro- 
bation bid fair to be accepted. 

On Monday, after the Rmengi, in wliich 
Young sustained the partof ZangaadmiraMy, 
the Manager endeavoured to make the 
amende honorable for the rubbish of his Christ- 
inas Pantomime, and the short space of ten 
days has. produced TheOoUen Ate,er Harlmfun 
and the Fairti Lake. This, though got ap on 
the spur of the moment, is very fairly ar- 
ranged, and with the assistance of fome 
beautiful scenes, and an excellent Pantaloon, 
met with good encouragement. The tricks 
and ciianges are not very striking, and the 
chief merits of the motley crew do not coositt 
in such classic clowning as that of the im- 
mortal Orimaldi; hut fur falls, postures, 
tnmbling, and other corporeal extravagaiixas, 
never were seen more active performers than 
Kidgway,Southby,Blanchard,andMissTree.. 

CoTBNT Garden. — The performance of 
Fir'iniw on Monday, with immense applanse, 
especially earned by Macready's splendid ex- 
ertions, supported as they were by Kemble, 
inlcilius ; — the re^ appearance of Miss Baton 
on the boards on Tuesday, and an excellent 
cast of the Stiwol for Semdal on Wednesday, 
are the chief varieties, if not novelties, at this 
Theatre since our last. When there is nothing 
very striking to remark opon, we are un- 
willing to occupy room by spinning oat (ong 
dramatic criliqoet. We shall theraore only 



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JOURNAL or THE BBI.LRS LETTttES. 



19 



nyti Mittrest, to behold the dessert of if en 
w ordisary eiticeii of the present day, b« 
woMld tnagioe that eooM eatraordiaary 
elMafe had taken plaee in the climate of the 
conntry ; for he would scarcely believe that 
8eieae««onld so far trlnmpb over Nature, as 
to fore* oar stubborn soil to yield a lar^ 
Majority of the prodoctions of the most 
bighiy-^VMred elimos. But it is unneces. 
sary to r«-nnbody the shades of our fore- 
fathers, in order to obtain admiration for tiie 
inpfoveroetttsin British Horticulture : ■w\Mii 
oar own memory many important chraKes 
have been effected; and we may even date 
onr greatest advances In this art from a 
periM Bot more remote than that of ttae 
cstablishmcat of the Horiionltaral Society of 
London in 1805. Since that lime, similar 
Societies have been established in tbe ulster 
Metropolis ; in Glasgow, Winchester, Leeds. 
and sMerat other places ; in whicirtHecnlti- 
valor baa l>een taught to regard Science as 
Iht best gaide of his labours, and has felt 
tba saJntary iaflacnce of ranl( and of wealth 
acmiriag • taste for tbe prodactieos of hi* 
skUl, and consequently becoming tbe patron 
of bis CKCftions. 

At the nnniveraary meeting of one of these 
bstitatiens, tbe Caledonian Horticnitnral 
Society, in September 1815, the Tour which 
ferAa tb« Subject of tbe Volume now before 
na, -vraa anggested by Sir Jolui Sinclair ; hot 
it was not imdertaken until two years after- 
wards. Tbe persons chosen for carrying it 
into effect were tbe Secretkry of the Society, 
Mrt. Patrick Neil; Mr, John Hay, who is 
styled a planner in tbe Preface, by which 
expieasi«n we understand a layer-out of 
groaads ; and Mr, James Macdouald, chief 
lardaner at Dalkeith Park, the seat of tlie 
Sake of Bacci«!ngb^-a happy selection, inas- 
Hcb aa the deputation combined in its mem- 
bers a soientiM knowledge of Horticoltnre, 
espatiwica in surveying the general <ace of 
a <iaantry, a correct tact in judging of ve- 
getable productions, and practical skill in 
tbe art pf gardening. It could ha*o been 
raodered moreeomplele only by the addition 
•fa gardeaer versed in tbe English taethod 
ef eutare. Hie Tourist* sailefT firoai Leitb 
•atfeeUtofAognetlSU; and afler spending 
• few days in taking a corsbry view of tbe 
principal tfarsbries and gardens roand Iion- 
dea, u4 ea tbe read between the Metrepblia 
aad Dover, tbey crossed toOstend. Their 
roate lajr threngb aoara of tlie riefaest parts 
ef AnstriaaFlaaders, Brabant, and Holland ; 
aad afterwards tbrongfa Enghien aad Tour- 
wty t» Paris, where ihey remained some 
ti«« ; and then returned homeward through 
Neeaiaady. Tbe literary part of tbe work 
Ima baea peribnacd by Mr. Niel; and al- 
thoofh, as riiight be espocled, it eoataios 
■may SoMticiams, y«t it is very creditable to 
(hat fleailcmaa's judgment, being a plain nn- 
«Cee(«4 aarrative of what tbe Depatatloa 
saw i iaierapersed with such rvmarks ouly 
a* aataraily arose out of tbe inttairies for 
wUdl H was coastituted, and circnaistances 
caaaeoted with the Mutations it visited. Tbe 
ebaractar of tbe Volume, and its diary form, 
^v«nt as from mafctag many extraoti ; but 
wa aaa asawQ our readers, that if tliey take 
tbe trouble to follow oar Caledoniaas through 
tba gardMs, arobard*, and eoniervaterie* of 
•ar Coa&ieotal neighbaurs, they will find 
tbat usauiy impertaiK sul^ecta of inveatiga- 
tiaa inea bean either «i»<i«d«rttoed| ar 
■iMgiifciT a«*tl«ol(«d by otiwr tnveUar*, 
wA triK l)« aot wilir n^ «f«s««4 <>•( >»< 



warded with an ample fund of important in- 
fbrination. 

In passing through Kent, dn Tonrists wer* 
itrncli with the nanccessarf expendltnre of 
the power of horses in agricultural labour, 
fnstdad of a plough such as tliey had been 
actinslomed to on tbe nocth of the Tweed, 
drawn by two horses managed by one man, 
tbey saw one of a heavy dumsy structure, 
with a team of four horses, a ptongbman and 
8 driver, engaged in merely turning over 
light land in a state of fallow ) and at the 
same time a drill-machine, dragged by three 
horses, where certainly one horse would have 
been amply sufficient. - 

" We are certain (they remark) that there 
was nothing in the soil,— a light loam, iu- 
eumbem on gravel and obalh,— or in the ine- 
qnslitirs of the surface, reqiiirine snch a 
power of horses, and are persuaded that this 
expensive and wasteful practice is to be a*^ 
cribed ouly to inveterate habit." 

These remarfca on the pr^dioes of Eng- 
lish farmers and ptoun^eu in this point, 
renkidd ns of a stoiy, pointing oat a mode of 
overcoming them, -which proved successful ; 
but liow fiir it ought to be imitated, we must 
leave onr readers to determine. —A Scotch 
gentleman in tire Ldthians sent one of Small's 
ploughs u a ptMeai to aa agrienltnral friend 
in Sussex; and, thinking that tbe plongh 
alone would be of llttle'ntii, he dispatched 
with it a stout, aetivci latelligent yonug 
plonghuMa, of- tbQjMm»af Sandy Ponsy, to 
instruct tbe p«a<ta«'|ji #n bis Sus4«x .ftieod's 
farm in the mnde of iising tliis' valuable im- 
plement. Sandy hcKao bi« Xahonrs, but 
fonnd that, when bis master wai^ pot present, 
his instrnctiaaa were received with contempt ; 
and himself, his plongb, and ' hil 'donntry, 
treated whb seem and deridoA. tot b time 
he bore meekly all the taunts of bis Ibliow- 
laboorers ; but Saady was nM a pbUdsopber; 
Us patience beeame eabausted-,' and he re- 
solved to lay Us grievances before his mas- 
ter, and request permission to reiom boaw. 
" What are your grievances, Alexander f" 
said his IHaster.- " T'wCel, Sar, (replied 
Sandy) they are mair than mortal man can 
put up wi. No that Thai oay objaction to 
yourset; aad na mickle to tbe Kiotra ; far I 
am nc aio a aek as to prefer tlia soar east 
wnns, that meet us at the skreigb e'day on 
our bare Icaj, to tbe saft sooth-waa ters and 
lown eneloiures here ; bnf ye're folks, Snr! 
are perfet deevils, and k&ep tomieiillog me 
like a Wnk o' lurried wasps. In short, Sar, 
I'm maist deiaented, sick a' the place, anil I 
jaiit, wi your wol, wish to gae bame."' Here 
Sandy made hk« best bow. " Bat we must 
not (said his Matter) allow oarselvc* to be 
beaten off tlie iield so easily. Pray, Atexaa- 
der, baveyeo ever tried yoar powers at box- 
ing i" " As for that (replied Sandy,) I'm no 
■nickle used to fecbtihg ; but, I doulit na, I 
coud gie as gade as t got." " Well (rejoined 
his Master,) I wiH give you a crawa-piaee if 
yoa give tbe first person who insults yea a 
hearty box on the ear." Sandy, tor a few 
second*, eopauUed tlie phvsiognamy of bis 
master's cougteeaaee, and jiaving satisfied 
bioitelf tiiat be was ia earnest, replied, 
" Weel ! weel, Surl wi ye're teave, I'se try 
my hand;" aiid, scraping his foot on the 
groend as he made his bow, withdrew, with 
a determinatiou to reduce his maaler's pre- 
cepts into practice. An oppertnidly soea 
otMsorrud i and, in a r«gu|«f set-toa, yonag 
Pennv gave bis wtagaatot a b«atin( la lri» 
kmm «w«Mt U HMocbt Ukft a otani: 



the ploagh was soon generally approved of 
on the farm ; and several others having been 
obtained from the North, Sandy's master, 
in calenlating his annual profits, soon found 
the advantage of the ■fgiuMnltuB tdpigiUtm^ 
and the real valneofaScoleb Penny. 

At Dover onr tourists made an observa- 
tion which will perhaps be a bone of con' 
tention for future auuotators of the works of 
onr immortai dramatist, in. determining tba 
identical'diff alluded to in King Lear : 

- • • hsif vsy down 
Hsngs ens who |stheis samphirs ; drssdfid trade ! 

" We did nol(ssy the tonrista) observe rnrk 
samphire (Cbrithninm siariliaiiiii) en the cliffs 
near tbd castle, nor even at tiie precipice 
whieb haa-aeqiured tbe name of Shakspeare't 
cliff; bal'abatit half a mile to the south-west 
it waa pretty common, generally however in 
inaccessible places." 

Our oountrymen found little to engage 
their attention, as fares regarded the lmme< 
diate objects of their pursuit, at Ostcnd ; nor 
much more at-Brnges. For tlie contolatioa 
of some of our worthy readers, however, tbe 
following extract from the description of tho 
villa, of M. Bertrand, in the vicinity of 
Bruges, wiH show that the taste which il 
termed Cockney, is not confined within tba 
.sound of Bow biells— 

'^' At evei'v resting place some kind of cow 
ckit is provided for sarprising tbe visitant : If 
be sit deiSn, it is ten to one bnt tiMi seat is so 
contrived as to sink nuder him ; if he enter 
tbe grotto, or apprsach the sumsacr hoase, 
water is- squirted fiom concealed or dis-i 
gnbed fountains, and be does not find it easy 
to escape a wetting. The dial is provided 
with several gnomons to shew tiie corres- 
ponding hour at ihr chief capital cities of 
Europe; and also with a lens, so placed 
that during sunshine, the priming of a suiaH 
cannon foils under its focns jast as tbe anii 
reaches tbe meridian, when of canne tba 
cannon ia discharged." 

The same had taste ia still mote strikingly 
displayed ia tbe estate of Mr. Smeti, is 
banker, near Aatwerp. This gcatlamaa baa 
endeavoured to Unite tbe Dntota aad tba 
Eoglisti tasta ia tbe disposition of bta 
groirads.; bnt, as might be expected, tbe 
former greatly predominates, as tbe feUow<< 
iag specimen wiU demnnstrate : 

*' Emerging frmn a shady walk, wbidi had 
led us Ihrongh wiidernevses and groves, wis 
came suddenly npon a graitsy lawn, v^icli 
seemed to be occupied tiy a small fiock at 
sheep, some paxtuving ami aonie reptuiagf 
bnt, aUhoQgb we continued to advaaoe, (yet> 
all rnnaiaed motidntess, for tlra sinap We*«' 
carved ia stana I The fifav e* are snove tbaar 
thirty ia number : tbey are r ep ce a entod in. 
every sort of attitude, and, upoa tbe whoie, 
are not discreditaUa to the artist. In his 
auxie^, however, to render the scene per- 
fect, he has overdone it, by adding a sbep- 
lierd aad two dogs. The same remark mmy 
be applied to a granp on s neigMonriag 
lawn, of a wolf attacking a buU; wi«h tba 
addltioD, timt in tUi last, the figares bav« 
less merit as pieces af seniptiire." - - 

Besides these miserable conceits, tfaera ia 
in tbe aame gremda a foitty tomb, Dh^ptaB• 
in his tub ; aad « seat, whieb ia so eoairived 
that the. unwary visitaat who tabat pda« 
session of it, soon finds Umself aedted 
amoaglt water ! Stieh is tba wretched taste 
which ia stiU fostered by the worthti Uol* 
lander*. . Bwi, to return to Hm uaaiUI, qut 
twuisti Csaad th« n«|JMt •nduv, Ia cm 



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20 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE,' AND 



Beral, well supplied ; and (ome plants, which 
are still merely regarded as weeds on this 
side of the channel, cultivated for culinary 

Jinrposes. Among these, succory (Cichorinm 
aQ^) which erows alMindantly on the 
sides of roads and in waste places through- 
oat England, is extensively cnltivated in the 
kitchen gardens of Binges, Ghent, and 
Antwerp ; and tioth the foliage and the roots 
are used as food. The root is also dried in 
an oven, ground to a powder, and employed 
by poor people as a substitute- for conee. 

At Ghent, our Horticulturists saw moch to 
interest them. Besides many judicious obser- 
vations on culinary vegetables, and their cul- 
ture in the vicinity of this far-famed capital, 
they give a very pleasing description of one of 
its Institutions, which we think worthy of imi- 
tation ; not so much on account of the value of 
the objects which it embraces, as the incite- 
ment which it holds out to the lower daises 
to occupy their spare time in an innocent 
and healthful pursuit. We refer to two an- 
nual festivals of Flora, which are held by the 
Agricultural and Botanical Society of Ghent ; 
one soon afler Midsummer, and the other 
•bout IMld winter. At these festivals, the 
flowers are brought for exhibition from great 
distances; an honorary medal is awuded 
for the best; and in a pleasing fiction, the 
flowers are regarded as the competitors, and 
the successflil plant is said to be crowned. 
Were such festivals adopted at home, we 
would propose to admit all ranks of people 
to the exhibitions, .and as competitors; and 
to adjudge the medals to flowers reared in 
the open air, rather than to tliose fostered in 
the stove or the green-home. 

The green market of Antwerp is well sup- 
plied ; bat the horlicnitarists and botanists 
of this city, once so celebrated for its gardens, 
have passed away. It is unnecessary to 
enter into the detail of the few gardens that 
remain worthy of notice, or to follow our 
tourists through the remainder of the Dutch 
towns which they visited ; - we shall only 
remark, that a most interesting and intrnc- 
tive account is given of the rearing of bulbs, 
•t Haarlem, where the chief cultivation of 
tulips is carried on. We cannot avoid stat- 
ing that the highest price now given for the 
choicest specimen of. these bulbs is one hun- 
dred guilders (fil. St. 6d.) a bulb. What a 
contrast to the sums lavished for the same 
article during tlie Tulipomania of the 17th 
centui^, when it was by no means uncommon 
for a single bulb of the Semper Augustus to 
fetch SMOO florins ; and even on one occa- 
sion, when two bulbs only were to be had, 
one of them was sold for 4600 florins, toge- 
ther with a new carriage, two grey horses, 
and a complete harness ! The present low 
price of tulips at Haarlem will appear still 
more remarkable, when we inform our 
readers that in thiscoantry, where no tulipo- 
mania has ever fired the brains oi our 
gamesters and stock-jobbers, we have seen 
a tulip bulb for \MA one hundred pounds 
were demanded .within the present week I 
The Dntoh certainly understand the cultiva- 
tion of iulb^eroui plants better than any other 
people; bat it is highly gratifying to oqr 
national vanity to know that they are inte- 
rior to onr own gardeners in the more nseful, 
and consequently more important, depart- 
ments of Horticnitiire. 

" The orchards and fhe eulinarv gardens of 
Holland seem in general to be well managed. 
In producing vegetables, the Dutch may be 
regarded m excelling the Flemings} but 



they are intierior to the cultivators for the 
London market. If, therefore, ' Fowler' in 
his Worthies be correct in saying that kitchen 
gardening ' crept from Holland into Kent,' 
the English, it must be admitted, have greatly 
improved upon the lesson they received." 

The cleanliness of the Dutch is proverbial, 
and has iwen noticed by' every traveller; but 
we do not recollect the following instance of 
it, which our tourists remarked in the Butcher 
market at Ghent : 

" Each dealer in meat keeps a carpenter's 
plane, with which he daily shaves the surface 
of the table of bis stall ; so that a stranger, 
entering the market in the morning, would 
be apt to think that all the tables were new." 

Before leaving Holland, we mutt extract 
an anecdote of one of the deputation, which 
is highly characteristic, and will enable onr 
readers to form some idea of the simplicity 
and primitive feelings of the men who com- 
posed it. The ISth August being the feast of 
the Assumption, our tourists went to see high 
mass celebrated in the Cathedral of St. Bavo : 

" The host was now elevating! While 

Mr. Macdouald and I were wondering at this 
grand eeremoi^, we suddenly missed Mr. 
Hay ; and on rejoining him withont, we fonnd 
bim not a little scanda^d at the whole 
scene, which WM certainly a striking con- 
trast to plain presbytery, and to our simple 
Scottish tomis.^' . 

(Coneluaoii nsn ««<i:.) 



A New Self-iiilerprttiag Tettamenf, with 
various lUadiNgt and tie Purallel Pattaget 
Met wider the lext in Wardt at length, Itc 
By the Retr. John Ititts. 8vo. Part I. 
London 183'j. J. Robins. ^ 
A Self-itatarpreting Bible ts a grateful offer- 
ing to the Cliristlan world ; and there is every 
reason for modesty in the author, commenta- 
tor, or compiler, who attempts a work of this 
sort, where be has such a vast mass of critical 
and very learned labours made ready to his 
hand. And altboogh in tliis case frivtti eam- 
iMa( Is out of the question, yet the appiica- 
tion of one scripture to another is a veiy im- 
portant part of biblical criticism, and reqaires 
in most instances a profound knowledge of 
the snigect, and the utmost discernment and 
skill In the execution. 

The elucidation of the Sacred Writings by 
the application of parallel passages quoted 
in words at length, and presenting the text 
with a comment in the express language of 
the inspired writers, is convincingly the best 
method of interpretation, and preferable to 
that which is made by private judgment. The 
editions of Cannes Bible, printed In a former 
age, were designed with the view of ren- 
dering the Bible its own interpreter; and the 
later editions, replete with references and 
marginal readings, follow the same plan; 
among which the editions of Brown, Scott, 
Mant, and others, are held in great repute 
and esteem in the religions world. The present 
Work recommends itself for popular use, and 
as equally adapted for the closet, the family, 
and the pulpit. "The compiler announces his 
intention of publishing a quarto edition, as 
the must eligible for family reading; and 
also that he is preparing a similar edition for 
the Old Testament. We sincerely wish him 
the best success, and that bis work may be 
found, what he flatters himself it will be, the 
most perfect Self-interpreting Bible ever 
offered to the Christian world. 
In thU first Part submitted to Oe public 



as an average specimen of the whole, the 
parallel passages occupy al>oat half the page 
with their re/erencei; which, for the most 
part, appear to be appositely and judiciously 
selected. The text is conspicuous, and accu- 
rately printed according to the authorised 
translation, with Chronological Notes ; and 
the various readings are subjoined with their 
authors of various times and denominations 
— Coverdale, Mattliewe, Udal, Cranmer, the 
Bishops' Hible,Wickliff, Beeke,Oeneva Bible, 
the Rhenish Testament; and the modems, 
Brown, Furrer, Mant, &c. All the margi- 
nal references, as well as readings of Uie 
common or anthorixed version, are incorpo- 
rated in this work ; and it also inciiidvt every 
reading of importance in Cruttwell's Testa- 
ment. The authorities of the various read- 
ings are uniformly given, except in a few in- 
stances where they are dubious. 

In whatever light the learned reader may 
estimate tliis portion of the work, it is pre- 
sumed it may be nseliil to those who are not 
profound in rlassie lore. The learning, taste, 
and geniua of many characters eminent for 
erudition are here concentrated ; and the na- 
classic Christian, in the possession of com- 
mon sense, an honest heart, and the love of 
truth, will not consnlt this part «f the moA 
in vain. 

The first specimen part which has led to 
these remarks extends to Matthew, ch. xxi. 



" AM AirrHBNTIC MARRATIVC OP THE LAST 
HOURS OF SIR WALTER RAWLEIGH. 

[From Mr. D'Israeli's admirable Work, and 
which we promised to extract three weeks ago.] 

" The close of the lite of Sir Walter Kaw- 
leigh was as extraordinary as many parts of 
tys varied history: the'promptitade and 
sprightliness of his genius, his carelessness of 
life, and the equanimity of that great spirit 
in quitting the world, can only be paralleM 
by a few other heroes and sages : — Rawleigk 
was both I Bat it is not simply bis digniliel 
yet active conduct on the scaffold, nor his 
admirable speech on that occasion, drcnm- 
stances by which many great men are judged, 
when their energies are excited tor a modient 
to act so great a part, before the eyes of the 
world assembled at their feet— it is not these 
only which claim onr notice. 

" We may pause with admiration on the 
real grandeur of Rawleigh's character ; not 
from a single circnnistauce, however great, 
but from a tissne of continued little incidents, 
which occurred from the moment of his con- 
demnation till be lay bis head on the block. 
Rawleigh was a man of snch mark, that he 
deepiv engaged the attention of his contem- 
poraries; aii3 to this we owe the preserva- 
tion of several interesting particulars of what 
he did. and what he said, which have entered 
into Ms life ; but all has not been told in the 
published narratives. Contemporary writers 
in their letters have set down every ftesb in- 
cident, and eageriy caught np his sense, hit 
wit, and, what is more deligbtfal, those marks 
of the natural cheerfiilness of his invariable 
presence of mind: nor could these have 
arisen from any affectation or parade, for we 
shall see that they served him even in hit 
last tender farewell to his lady, and on maay 
unpremeditated occasions. 

" I have drawn together Into a short com- 
pass every fact concerning the feelings aad 
conduct of Rawleigb at these solemn sto- 
ments of his lite, which my researches have , 
furnished, not omitting those which are 
known: to bare preserved oidy the new 



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JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



39 



nentioa tfamt Miit Paton'a Mandaue ol>- 
Uiaed for her Tery general and great appro- 
bation. With ieu ot' power than some or her 
ceieltTBted predeceuors in tlie part, she dU- 
ptajred no less of sliiU or sweetoesa than the 
most excellent of them. There was, bow- 
erer, » Ungnor al>ont her, e^pecialfy after 
exertion, wmcb detracted from tb« part, and 
induced ns to suppose that she had retarned 
to the Stage before her health was sufi&cieatly 
re-established. 

RoYAi. AcADBMT OF Music— Lord Car- 
narvon's spacious mansion in Teoterden- 
stfcet, Hanover-sqnare, has been talcen fur 
this Institution, and as the repairs aVe carried 
briskly on, is expected to be ready by the 
bt of next month. The rooms for general 
practice and lessons are very large, two of 
them being above seventy feet in length. In 
the upper part^, the cbambers have been di- 
vided tor the separate establishments of the 
male and female students ; and the passages, 
and even garden, are so arranged as to deny 
all intercourse. Nearly a hundred candi- 
dates have already made application, and 
their examination and election will take place 
aboat February. Among others, Rossini Is 
engaged by the Committee, and is certainly 
expected this Spring. Lord Bnrgtaersh, though 
in Italy, is consnlted on all points of conse- 
qnence. The snliscription amounts to above 
MNKM. and the annual sum of QiOL 



A Lady is expected to make her first ap- 
pearance upon the Stage next week at Covent 
Garden, in the high character ot Queen Ca- 
therine. We are informed that she has a 
Siddonian and "noble presence" for this 
fine of parts, and hope therefore for ber com- 
pieta success, that the public may *gaio en- 
joy sneh ptaya as Macbeth, King Joha,'<&Ci 
fr which we have not during some time bad 
I lady H. or a Constance. If report speaks 
tratb, these we may expect to enjoy from the 
Bebatante's histrionic powers. 



Thc newspapers still are at war on the fob- 
jert of War or Peace between France and 
Spain. A statement of the Revenue for the 
last 4>arter has been pnblisbed, and is very 
■atiattetory. A great deal of bnportance 
ha* sonehow been attached to a Norfolk 
Coanty Meeting on Agricnitnral distress; 
Cobbett attended, and seems to have driven 
both the other parties from the ini;lorious 
field. At Martinique a bloody insurrection 
has hardly been quelled by the execution of 
several hundred negroes, for poisoning and 
Bordering. 



^ 



VAUniTXBS. 
Sir James Mackintosh was last week In- 
stalled as Lord Rector of Glasgow Univemity , 
and delivered an eloquent speech on tlie 
oceaaioo. 

Vu Blaod: nea Theiny.—SiT Everard Home 
has delivered a lecture, in which he main- 
tain* that Carbonic Acid Oas forms a large 
proportion of the blood, and that this fluid is 
a tahuUr structure. We know not by what 
experiments he justifies the latter hypothesis, 
ao coolrary to received opinions. He im 
pates the gemiuation of grain to the same 
cause, vix. the shooting of a tube of the Oas 
ttantagh the globular juice of tlie grain. 

O'&Ieara's first volume, pnblisbed as the 
Mtb in the Kecaeil de pieces anthentiqne snr 
le Captif de S" Heleae, at Paris, has been 
scixed and tnppreued by aotbority. 



Miss Dance is performing with great dis- 
tinction at Bath, where her fine connleuance, 
and talents improving with experience, ren- 
der ber a general favourite. 

Portnan Thealrlctd Aiuedote.~\ Lady in one 
of the boxes alone waited for a friend with 
whom she bad intended to i>pend the evening, 
when to ber sarpri»e the door was opened, and 
a stranger was admitted. She remonstrated, 
and askeil whether it was his intrnsioii or 
the fault (if the door-keeper, as she had given 
the only cbeqne to her particular friend i— 
but the stranger assured ber there was 
neither mistake ni)r error, as he had paid iS 
francs for the admission. The Paris Editor 
exclaiius huaiurously against tlie spirit of 
commerce, which could thus tempt a favoured 
swain to seU his mistress's gitlt. 

Some bqy* at school being required to 
write an Epigram on the mean occupation of 
the Poet Bloomfield in the early part of bis 
lite, oneofthem soon brought up the follow- 
ing in triumph : 

Bob Bloomfield was a Shoe 
tialttr and Poet too ! 

fiitra-piiiMfxWii*— This compound word of 
gr«at iB^in'g t^as been accidentally dropped 
out of oar latest diotianaries, in consequence 
probably of tUe jiMrinter's tUuking ic a mis- 
take, and iniimlug retrospective. The tol- 
lowing, in .'th*>Mt«ditiant «f the Spectator, 
is, however, high' 'aotlHK'ity'for it:— "The 
next upon tlie ojiti^'l&l'^s bid Janus, who 
stood iu a douUeiMij^ed capacity, like a 
person placed betwixt 4w»' opposite looking 
glasses, and so tookili ^ottpt^^etroprospectire 
cast at one vt«w"—-SfiiciiiiwC,Jtq',^0, 

Nmrfermsr.— One of our Winbiand Walnut 
papers described theextmdrtiltfijitfiigltncs!! of 
Heidegger : we have since bearij^ tbe fullavv- 
ing anecdote of it. A Noblenun-dfiUDcd by 
his tailor, who was not only a ver^W^livMnreil 
person, but perhaps made still a^[i'*alsgra- 
cious 1^ bis business, said U) mia in a hu- 
morous pet, " Gad curse it — yon are 

the ugliest rascal in London. Show me but 
a man as ugly as yourtelf, and I'll pay your 
bill." Our ingenious tradesman departed, 
reflecting on this hard condition, when by 
good luck it struck him to enlist Heidegger 
on his behalf; but this was no easy job ; 
Heidegger was a high Don, and it was ab- 
solutely necessary to employ finesse. So he 
went to the Count as with a message from 
mv Lord, desiring to see him immediately. 
Heidegger hesitated, but at length went; 
and the Tailor watching bis opportunity, 
popped his own ngly facf in at the door 
along with the hideous visage of t!ie fo- 
reigner. The Nobleman could not resist the 
appeal, but, bursting into a fie of laughter, 
worth all the money, gave a cheque for his 
bUI. 

The 4th Volume of the Jiirmit «• Pnmaee, 
by M. Joiiy, has just appeared. The Hermit 
en Province will never be so popular as his 
brethren of the ChauMtce d'Antia tl Guj/ane, The 
description of distant and unknown places, 
and their obscure inhabitants, cannot interest 
the Parisians so much as the picture of the 
objects and manners of the Capital, a world 
to itself. — Parit Letter. 

A nmarkable Inttann of Longnity. — At Feo- 
dosia. In the Crimea, lives a porter named 
Soast Ogin, born at Erzemm in Armenia in 
1703, who is still so strong, that he can' go up 
stairs like a young roan, and last year was 
able to carry a sack of nonr up a lUII. His 
appetite and memory are good, and his grey 



beard begins to turn black at the roots, a phe- 
nomenon which, it is said,has been noticisd be- 
fore in other persons of an advanced age. He 
baslikewise cnt three new teeth since iie was 
a hundred years old. He has, however, lost 
his hearing, probably from being obliged, 
through poverty, to sleep in the streets thinly 
clothed during the very severe weather. — 
Mr. Unsche, tlie Counsellor of State, has 
taken a portrait of this old man ; and Count 
Langeron, the. Military Governor, and his 
lady, have had him presented to tbem, and 
given him relief. 

Population Returns. — By tbe late population 
returns, the principal places in Great Britain 
appear as follows: London 1,S8S,6)M; Olas- 
gow, 147,0iS; Edinbnrgh, 1S8,2SS; Man- 
chester and Salford, 133,788; Liverpool, 
118,972 ; Birminghaml06,722; Bristol87,77» ; 
Leeds 83,796 : Newcastle 40,948 ; Aberdeen 
4t,79C ; Hull with Scnicoates 39,040 ; Bath 
36,811; Norwich 60,238 ; Plymouth 61,313; 
Portsmouth and Oosport 51,833 ; Sheffield 
42,157 ; Nottingham 40,415 ; Dundee 30,575. 

Litt of Bookt tuhteribei* etne* Dee. 31 :— 
Shakspcare, No. I. iliamoud edit. Itinio. Is. 6d. 
seived. — Tcrentius, diamond edit. 48mo. (it.— 
Inquiry into the Colonial Policy of ludia, Dro. 
IDs. 6(1. — Statutes at liarge, 4to. vol. viii. part 3, 
;id Geo. IV. I/. IDs. 6i/.— Iremy's Life of Bunyan, 
l2mo. :'ui. firf.— Hewlett's Life of Wm. Barlow, 
l8mo. 'it. e//.— Cbetwynd's Supplement to Bum's 
Justice, 8vo. 16t. — Hawkins's Anecdotes, vol. (. 
8vo. 9s. — Benson's Hulseau Lectures, voL II. for 
IH22, 8i-u. lis.— Family Commentary, 4 vols. 
t2uio. 1/. 2i. M.— The Work Table, by Souttcr, 
3 nils. 12mo. 7s. — Quotations from British Poets, 
34nio. 4s. — Glen's Missiouarv Tour, l2mo. 4s. — 
Memoirs of Mrs. Patvrson, \imo. 'it.6d. — Cham- 
bera'sTeoaut'sLaw, royalBvo. U. lOs. — Prospec- 
tus of a Pauotamtc View of London, hy Horuor, 
Bro. 5s. — Rfvived Architecture of Italy, No. I. 
tuliu, 1/. .*>«.— Ditto diito, ludia paper, I/. \\$.6d. 
— Schmidtmeyer's Travels to Cuili, parts 2 & 3. 
4to. IKs, sewed.— .Meiuoires of .Maria Autoinette, 
par Mad. Campaii, 2 vols. 8vo. 1/. 4s.— Gow on 
the Law of Partnership, royal 8vo. If. ;».— Geolo- 
gical Transactions of l.k>ruwall, voL II. gvo. las. 
—Spry on Baib Waters, itvo. 13s. 

* We forgot last week that the wont '* sub- 
scribed " was not a< ^miliar to our readers as to 
ourselves : It means the handing around U> the 
Booksellers of London the copies of Works 
previoia to puhlicalion, in order to ascertain the 
quantum of each which they waul. Thus the 
List of Books subscribed in our weekly Nuiubere 
w'dl at the end of the year present au accurate 
list of all New Works. 

TO 00]ka.BSPOirSBVTS. 

The original Orsek Sonit fram Orceoe, bjr a NsHv* 
Bard, l( pD»ibl« io oar next. We utocm it aUtsraiy 
cariosity. 

We tbank O. C. for bli Letter, sadrrMCd " Tke U- 
lerarjf Ofite." London ; but though thi» conununica- 
tion rescued u dulf, we bef; to remind other Carres- 
pondents. that it will bo more geuerally certain to la- 
Irodooe the word Qmxtttt. 

HtHbn >hsll have dne coneidemtian ( we Ilk* what 
we have been able Io read of his MS, 

To " The Fnrewell," we have bidden Itrewell. 

To S. 8. on Qumiriti, we hsTe only to intimate that 
then are not only Schools to teach grown-up persons 
to dance, bat also to spell. 

A Lover of Jtu ite wishes ns to add. If potsibto, a 
leaf or two to oar Paper, in order to insert the ronlti- 
tode of Advertisements which press upon us, withont 
enoroacbin;; on the spsce allotted to other matters. 
This the I^tamp Act prevents ns from doinf, or we 
wonid xiadly print an extra half sheet occasionally j 
and as for the eneroaebBent on onr Miscellaneous de- 
partmeot, we bef to state that by the alterations la 
oar types, the Ulency Oaaetie is made to contain on* 
tonrtn more than its ortfiaal quantity of matter. This 
we trust is a saRlcient explanation, for we asenre onr 
readers that so far from any mercenary motivo 
abridKinic their just rixbtt, we an constantly devisiaf 
the iMst meaiu to giva then aaoto tbaa the; have ka4 
before. 



Digitized by 



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80 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



ASVEaTISEMBirTS 

CanntflrH Kith Lilrraliirr unit thr Arli. 

pRIVATt: TUITION.— An Eiiglisli Gen- 
llem«ii, Lmwii to Ihe Public by a ircciit work, 
hiitorii'dl ami •inliitical, and wh^i reai'lcs In Norinanily 
lor Ihe prci»iTa(ii>n of literary reirarcli, is enabled to 
uiirlcrtake the iiiitruction of a lew Voutin on a plan 
considerably diOerent from what has a» yet been pnr- 
«iie.1 in either public or pritute tuition. The subjects 
th»( lmv« more particularly enen<eil his aliention, and 
oil which be haicollectod materials, are 

i. Knglihli History during the lait three ccnluries, 
particularly since ii^OI. 

S. The History, In a more concise fonu, of the prin- 
cipal countries of the Coiitinent- 

3. The .SInti.stics of F.-iKl.ind ; vis. onr public Insti- 
tutions j system of Education, and productive luduttry 
K'lierahy ; also our IVnitical situation; the whole 
treated in Ihe llrit inslnnce historically, al'lerwards on 
« plan of comparison with l-'iance, Germany, Italy, 
and other foreii;n countries, '/his compaiison, coin- 
OHlea with the study of itineraries and of plans of the 
principal cities of Europe, supplies much of the jnfor- 
mali.tn that is itenerally sousfht m travellinf;. 
4 Political Economy treated ina plain, practical form. 
These and several collateral ."uhjects are nil explained 
in lectures, Ihe pupils takini: notes in short hand, 
which beini; tauglit on a plan very diderent t(om what 
W bsual, is acquired by them in a few weeks. 

These form the chief branches of instruction com- 
nantcaled by this ,:;entleman personally; but the place 
of his residence, while it allords the means of daily 
conversation in French, has also, from beinR the seat 
of a Uiiiversily, the advanl.ai,'e of public lectures in thai 
lonttnage. In the fasbioiiaitle altainments of ridinir. 
doneiiif;, drnwlni;, o» well as in the chief rontineiilai 
lanitnaKO, iualruction may be received from private 
teachers. 

A youn? man from Oiford or Cambridge, itivini^part 
ofbisIiiHetnlbestUily of French, may at the same time 
receive from tutors resident in the place, lessons in the 
Classics, Vlathematics, or other hanches auxiliary to 
« Uuiversily course. The chief ndvantafe, however, 
of Ihe plan described above, consists in itji atfxrdinft in- 
formalion on subjects dislinctfrnm ihose tanjbt in our 
public seminaries, and the exc lu^ion of which from 
Jur Cniversity curse Is matter of general regret 
llius, without denyiiif that Ihe study of mntbematics 
lias a tendency to Hr Iha attention and aecuslom the 
Blind to accuracy in reasoninjf, a preference is here 
Kiven to very dilferent subjects, because habits enually 
, venelicial may be lorroed, while inrormaliou of a niucii 
jnore useful kind is acquired by Ihe pupil whose time 
Is elven to history, statistics, or political economv. 
These branches of study, comparatively unknown in 
the it^e when our Rreat seminaries received their pre- 
Jent form, arc now dulv appreciated by Ihe public • 
they are evidently belter adapted to qualify a yonni; 
»an for conversing on the topics discussed in society ■ 
for acqolriiii; a knowledge of the world: and for per- 
lorminff his part in the trnnsactinn of business, w helher 
mercantile, professional, or political. 

In the course now proposed the Pupil continues 
under superinteudance durini; Ihe chief part of the 
rfay, and makes, consequently, much more progress 
than if called in only at particular hours; but even 
vilh this advnntaite 'the lime necessary to acquire a 
branch of education thitroughty, is such .as to render it 
indispensable to limit the ranije of .study, and proceed 
•Irieily on n plan of selectimi. The rules for this se- 
lection, dilTerint; in the case of diderenl individuals, 
will evidently be best deduced from the intended pro- 
. fetsion of each. To take as an example the Fiench 
louiruage : the pi^wer of readin;; it with ease will, in 
general, be found a suilicieni degree of progress for a 
yonib destined fr.)- the cbnrch or the bar; while in Ihe 
case of the raerckant,lhe traveller, or the diplomatist, 
a much larger portion of lime should he bestowed on 
It, in the view of acquiring the habit of speaking and 
writing it with A flueucy approaching to that of a native. 
By rules like these is conducted Ihe education of 
each pupil : the greater or less portion of time to be 
given to any particular study is detennined by his in- 
dividual circumstances and views; — by considerations, 
not of routine or established usage, "but of personal 
utility. 

Those who have youths to educate on this plan, and 
who are desiroas of more circnmstantinl information, 
are ot liberty to apply piersoiiiilly, or by letter (post 
paid, J to eitberof the following boiises : — Messrs Man- 
I ing & Anilerdiin; Me«srs. F.\irlie, Uonhani, & Co. ; 
or lMe«srs. Mackintosh, llickards, De Co. London; who 
will deliver, or forward them by post, a paper con- 
taining references and explanations on various points, 
• nch as 

The mode of study, and the nature of the superin- 
tendance exercised. 

The comparative advantage of boarding In a French 
•or English family In the town in question. 

The preparatory information which msy there be 
•couired by a youth intended for a counting-house; 
Vnd til* public lectuies in French (on Natural Fhllo- 
kovVy, Bell«t Latlrts, fcc.) soitalilg to that* who ba*i 
Ik ditfctent destinatioD. 



Outhe Isl of February will bo published, Price ii. 
No. Xlll.of 
'pHE RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW. 

Addrfss. — Six volumes ofthe Httrospecttvf Ret'icjt' 
have alieady appeared, and the Editors of it have the 
satistaclion of rellecting that their exertions have met 
with the nnmivedapiilnuse of the numerous publica- 
tions in which their work has been noticed. They like- 
wise acknowledge with pleasure, and some mixture of 
pride, ibat Ihey Iwve received that most unerring of 
all testiniouies, as large and respectable a circulation 
as perhaps any' work, vi young, ever had the fortune to 
experience. This success hni, from lime to lime, sti- 
mulated their etfotts, and being joined with an ardent 
love of literature, and on bonotirable ambition to con- 
tribute to the instriiction and entertainment of the piib- 
lio. has not failed, they trust, to produce a valuable 
and interesting ^liscellany. 

It is, however, by no means Ihe intention ofthe Edi- 
tors to stop here; encouraged as they are and as they 
hope to be still more by public npprobaliou, Ihey en- 
tertain Ihe idea ot forming, liy their continued publica- 
lion, a body of criticism and infortnatioo respecting 
the history of literature, which they will endeavour to 
make as excellent in its kind, as it will be pecnliai' In 
Its plan. 

There is scarcely any department of leltera which 
does not fall within the province of this Keiiew; fur an 
example of which the Editors wish to appeal to Ihe 
volumes already published, where disquisitions on the 
rare and cnriuus, discoveries of the lost aad Ihe neg- 
lected, criticisms upon the eslablisliej and universally 
approved productions of genius, all«rnalely succeed 
each other. At Ihe same lime l||»t Ihey make this 
appeal to the former Numbers with contldencc, they 
would be very soiry to think, thitt each succeeding 
Port will not bear visible and strikiBgwarkt of improve, 
ment. The past has been au exj)e<7inerit« a succev,siul 
one indeed, and which lias enabkd |hi)se counected 
with Ihe lietrosptciive Rtvien'', trt lay plans' fur realii;. 
ing all Ihe viewntbey otigklfttlytonied for advancing 
It to the highest ►ilolii^f Utility, , 

The various duties ajtd labours neceasarilv attendant 
upon the edllio^ofslx vrtlimies. hns bten do instruc- 
tive lesson, have led th*'Eiri«<lrS(lhIo new connexions, 
opened fresh and untailing «|»iUro«s, and put means 
into llieir bail. I»,rif procuring t«H Ihe assistance that 
ninyndiance theinli^riyt bfthcir work, increase its im- 
portance, aiidVxteM Its influence. 

TolhoMi.wlia<at*nul nlready acquainted with thi 
<lesigji o( the ^rfra^rclm Rmiew, it may be observ- 
ed that the p Kiel anu linal end in view is a copious and 
enlightened history of literature, which it is intended 
to acoomplisii by m series of promiscuous and miscelln- 
"^i.uj.PflP*" on most «t the remarkable publications 
which have appeared, from the middle ages down to 
theone rmm^iiiniely preceding our own. No chrono- 
logical orderra preserved, but every effort is made to 
render eacb Number u varied collection of cntenaioiRg 
and instructive critiques, which shall be valuable in 
themselves, and at the same time throw light on the 
maiii design. The form and manner of the common 
Keviewa is adhered to, and into our discussions upon 
the remains of Ihe genius of other limes, we have al- 
'cuipted to intuse the pbllosopliical spirit of modern 
criticism. If, however, this Work possess no other 
merit, it will contain an unrivalled collecli»n of inter- 
esting extracts from all descriptions of hooks, which 
alike serve the purpose of the cursory reader, and fur- 
nish a body of specimens of the gre'atesl part of our 
authors. With these claims, the Editors submit the 
sequel of their Periodical to the patronage ofthe Pub- 
lie, and conHdently trust, in a continuation and exten- 
sion of the notice they have hitherto received. 

No. XIII. will contain— I. Sickness, Heresy, Death 
and Burial of William Chilliligworib— i. Memoirs of 
Philip de Comincs— 3. Sir A. Weldon's Court and Cha- 
racter of James I. — I. On Eloquence, Ancient and »lo- 
deni— 4 On the Prolong.ilion of Life— i. Archbishop 
fraud's Diary of his own Life— 7. The Golden Ass of 
Apuleins— H. Adventures of Peter Wilkins— <.l. M'eb- 
sters Dramatic Works— 111. The Life and Character of 
CharlesII — II. The ^ewgate Calendar. 
Just Published, in llmo. (J* page.) with IS! Platej, 
drawn and engraved by George Croikshank, 
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^^*- Bv GEORGE WILSON MEADLEY. 
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HISTORY of CULTIVATED VEOETA- 
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niation to Art. Rcicnoe, and Cotanerae. 

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of FmlU known in Great Brilala." 
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THE LITERARY GAZETTE, 

AND 



No. 313. 



SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1823. 



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IVr BOOKS. 



Pbvbkil of the Peak. By the Author 

of Waverley. 4 vols. ISoio. Edinburgh 

1899. A. Constable & Co. ; London, 

Hunt, Robinson, & Co. 
Or tke fertile Oeaias of the North, which 
hu produced another pictnre of the man- 
ner? of a distant age, it coold now be hardly 
any thing but tautology to discuss the cha- 
racter. The extraordinary popularity which 
has AHowed it, and the high rank to which 
it has raised a particular species of literature, 
afford sufficient grounds for judgment ; and 
however unequal different minds may esti- 
nate the different works to be, there can be 
bat 00* general resnlt, namely, that the 
whole exhibit a mind ot the richest endow- 
■eats, and ha*e establinbed a fame of the 
highest moral, literary, and intellectual caste. 
nese considerations induce us rather to 
gratify the public with as ample an account 
as we can of the novelty, than to indulge 
in oor own critical propensities. It will far- 
ther be easy to gather onr sentiments as we 
proceed. 

Peveril of the Peak is introduced by a 
Preface, in which the well-known Dr. Drias- 
dost 6gares ; and in a Colloquy with the 
aathor's Eidolon, we have a good-hnmoiired 
Mienceof the liberties taken in not adhering 
iliicfly to <be historical truths of the periods 
adapted for these Tales. As the concluding 
passages sum up the argument, we quote 
them here. Driasdust says, — 

Yonr works may oocasionallv bare put men 
of nfld Jn^aent opon leiearates which they 
wsidd not perhaps have otherwise thoiybt of 
■wlerlaking. But this will leave you still ac- 
amtMe for misleading the young, the inrioleot, 
and the xiddy, bv thrustine into'Uieir hands 
weeks, which, while the^ have so much the 
apfiearaace of conveying information, as may 
prove perhaps a salve to tlieir consciences for 
cnpioyag their leisure in the jwrusal, yet leave 
thetr giddy brains contented with the crude, un- 
oertaio, aind often f.tlse statements, which your 
Novels abound with. 

AHtM»r. It would be very unbecoming in 
me, reverend sir, to accuse a gentleman of your 
doth of cant ; hot pray is there not sometriiDg 
fike it in the pathos with which you enforce these 
dsuers? I aver, on the contrary, that by intro- 
liBCing the busy and the youthful to ' truths severe 
in liiiiy fiction dressed, I am doing a real service 
to the more ingenious and the more apt amoui; 
tfaea; for the love of knowledge wants but a 
kcgiaaing — the least spark will give fire when 
the train is properly preparefl ; and having been 
iaterested In fictitious adventures, ascribed to 
ahistorical period and characters, the reader bcs- 
^ta next to be anxious to learn what the facts 
ralfy were, and how far the novelist has justly 
lemnenled them. 

But even where the mind of the more care- 
less render remains satisfied with the light peru- 
nl he has afibrded to a tale of fiction , he will still 
lay down the book with a degree of knowledge, 
not perhaps of the most accurate khid, but sucli 
ss be mi^t not otherwise hare acquired. Nor 
is this liodted to minds of a low and incnrlou-i 
toet^tiM; but, on the contrary, oonipiebends 



many persons otherwise of high talents, wlio, 
nevertheless, either from lack of time or of perse- 
verance, are willing to sit down ooiitentea with 
the slight informatiou which is acquired in such 
a manner. The xreat Duke of Marlborough, for 
eiample, having quoted, in conversation, some 
fact of English History rather inaccurately, was 
requested to name his authority. " Shakespeare's 
Historical Plays," answered the conqueror of 
Blenheim ; " the only linglish history I ever read 
in my life." And a hasty recollection will con- 
vince any of us how much letter we are ac- 
quainted with those parts of English history which 
that unmortal bard has dramatized, than with 
any other portion of British story. 

Drittidtul. And you, worthy sir, are ambiUous 
to render a similar sen'ice to posterity? 

AitlhoTi May the saints forefend I should be 
guilty of such unfounded vanity! I only show 
wliat has been done when there were giants in 
the land. We piitmies of tlie present day, may 
at least, however, do something ; and it is well 
to have a pattern before our eyes, though that 
pattern be hiimitable. 

Dritttdutt. Well, Sir, with me yon must have 
yonr own course ; and for reasons well known 
to yon, it is impossible for me to reply to you in 
argtiraent. But 1 doubt if all you have said will 
reconcile the public to the anachronisms of your 
present volnuies. Here you have a lk>untess of 
Derby, fetched out of her cohl grave, and saddled 
with a set of adventures dated twenty years after 
her death. 

Author. She may sue me for damages, as in 
the caxe Dido veTtu$ Virgil. 

Driatdiul. A worse rault is, that your man- 
ners are even iiinre incorrect than usual. Your 
Puritan is fointly traced, in comparison to your 
Cameronian. 

Author. 1 agree to the charge; but although 
I still consider hypocrisy and enthusiasm as fit 
food for rldiei^ and aatiie, yet I «m seaaibte of 
the difficulty of holding fanatlrism up to hraghter 
or abhofTCUce, without using colouring which 
may give offence to. the sincerely worthy and reli- 
gious. Many things are lawful which we are 
taught are uot convenient ; and there are many 
tones of feeline which are loo respectable to be 
insulted, though we do not altogether sympathize 
with them. 

Driatdutt. Not to -mention, my worthy Sir, 
that perhapsyon may think thesubjectexhausted. 

yfuthor. Tite devil take the men of this gene- 
ration for putting the wont construction on their 
neighbour 8 conduct ! 

Tlie novel begins about the year 16S8, and 
presents to us Sir Geoffrey Peveril of the 
Peak, (by far the best drawn character in the 
piece,) a sturdy cavalier descended from the 
bastard son of William the Conqueror, settled 
at Martindale Castle in Derbyshire, with 
estates and fortune sadly dilapidated in con- 
sequence of royalist sufferings in the dvil 
wars. At Moultrassie Hall, very near to 
him, resides Ralph Bridgenorth, descended 
from a Leicester brewer, apre8byterian,and 
greatly benefited by the political causes 
which had contributed to the injury of his 
aristocratic neighbonr, of whom he is a prin- 
cipal creditor. In the midst of the contests, 
however, which distracted the country, and 
in spite of their opposite opinions, Bridge- 
oortii tiad befriended Sir QeoSrey, who was 



bis old schoolfellow and playmate, and good- 
will subsists between the families. 

The house of Peveril has an heir in Julian, 
a bold boy of three or four years of age, and 
drawn exceedingly like the young Biiccleiigh 
of Sir Walter Scott ; while the more pros- 
perous Bridgenorth loses all his children ex- 
cept an infant, Alice, whose birth at this 
epoch costs the life of her delicate mother. 
The father is utterly disconsolate, and hope- 
less of saving this last pledge of his union, 
when the amiable Lady Peveril interposes, 
and takes the baby under her charge to Mar- 
tindale Castle. The description here is very 
pretty and affecting. 

The restoration of Charles, which at first 
pnts an end to " civil dudgeon," raises the 
expectations of Sir Geoffrey, but does not 
improve his fortunes ; and the ynrions shapes 
of relation into which public affairs cast the 
neighbours in Derbyshire, are dwelt upon 
nearly thronghout the first volume, which 
we do not find very interesting, though no 
doubt descriptive of these changeable times. 
In the end, Bridgenorth and Peveril quarrel, 
and Alice is taken from her kind protectress, 
and disposed of with her attendant, Deborah 
Debbitch, no one knows where. The grooud 
of quarrel is the appearance at Martindale of 
the famous Lady ot Latham, Lonise de Tre- 
mouii)e, the Roman Catholic Conntess of 
Derby, who is pursued by a court faction for 
the execution (denounced as the murder) of 
Colonel Christian, whom she had condemned 
in her capacity of Sovereign of the Isle of 
Man, and immediately put to death. Even 
the services of herhiisbaud, who perished on 
the scaffold at Bolton-le-Moors, are insnf. 
ficient to protect her ; and Sir Geoffrey, in 
aiding her escape, c oasa s usteMolent coafltct 
with Bridgenorth, one of her most inveterate 
pursuers : This sprnng from his wife's being 
the sister of Christian, and a deep desiire for 
revenge on one who had shed the blood of 
the saints. The Countess, however, reaches 
the Isle of Man, and except a heavy mulct, 
is no farther assailed by the government. But 
her offence is not forgotten by the aggrieved 
party, and not only Bridgenorth, bnt his 
brotber-in-law, Edward Christian, study witll 
a determined perseverance how to requite 
the death of their murdered relative. 

A period of years is now overleapt, and we 
find Julian Peveril, the hero, - a fine young 
man, who had travelled with his kinsman, 
the youthful Earl of Derby, and now remains 
with him at his mother's castle in Man. 
Hither, it also turns out, Alice bad been re- 
moved, and occupies, with Deborah, a retired 
mansion of her late uncle; and here Julian 
encounters her, and a mutual passion ensues. 
But Alice has had resolution to forbid his 
visits, when the ibllowing scene is described: 

" When Alice Bridgenorth entered, at 
length, the parlour where her anxioas lover 
had so long expected her, it was with a slow 
step, and a composed manner. Her dress 
was arranged with an accurate attention to 
form, whidt at once enhanced the appearance 



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34 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



oi'iU puritanic simplicity, and strnck Julian 
at) a bad omen ; for although the time be- 
stowed upon the toilette may, in many cases, 
intimate the wish to appear adrantafjeonsly 
at snch an interview, yet a ceremonions ar- 
rangement of attire is very much allied with 
formality, and a preconceived determination 
to treat a lover with cold politeness. 

*' The sad-coloured gown— the pinched and 
plaited cap, which carefnlly obscured the 
profusion of long dark>broirn hair — the small 
ruflf, and the long sleeves, would have ap- 
peared to great dinadvantage on a shape less 
graceful than Alice Bridgenorth's ; but an 
exqnisite form, though not, as yet, sufficiently 
rounded in the outlines to produce the per- 
fection of female beautyi was able to sustain 
and give grace even to this unbecoming dress- 
Her countenance, fair and delicate, with eyes 
uf hazel, and a brow of alabaster, had, not- 
withstanding, less regular beauty than her 
form, and might have been Justly subjected 
to criticism. There was, however, a life and 
spirit in ber gaiety, and a depth of sentiment 
in her gravity, which made Alice, in conver- 
sation with the very few persons with whom 
she associated, so fascinating in her manners 
and expression, whether of language or coun- 
tenance — so touching, also, in her simplicity 
and pni'ity of thought, that brighter beauties 
might have been overlooked in her company. 
It was no wonder, therefore, that an ardent 
character like Julian, inflaenced by these 
charms, as well as by the secrecy and mys- 
tery attending his intercourse with Alice, 
sbonid prefer the recluse of the Black-Fort to 
all others with whom he bad become ac- 
quainted in general society. 

" His heart beat high as she came into the 
apartment, and it was almost without an at 
teiApt to speak that bis profound obeisance 
acknowledged ber entrance. 

" ' This is a mockery. Master Peveril,' said 
Alice, with an effort to speak firmly, which 
yet was disconcerted by a slight tremulous 
inflection of voice — ' a mockery, and a cruel 
one. You come to this lone place, inhabited 
only by two women, too simple to command 
your absence — too weak to enforce it — ^you 
come, in spite of my earnest request — to the 
neglect of your own time — to the prejudice, 
I may fear, of my character — you abuse the 
inflneace you possess over the simple person 
to whom I am intrusted — AH this yon do, 
and think to make it up by low reverences, 
and constrained courtesy ! Is this honourable, 
or is it fair i — Is it,' she added, after a mo- 
ment's hesitation — ' is it kind i ' 

" The tremuloiu accent fell especially on 
the last word she uttered, anil it was spoken 
in a low tone of gentle reproach, which went 
to Julian's heart. 

"'If,' said he, 'there was a mode by 
which, at the peril of my life, Alice, I could 
shew my regard — ray respect— my devoted 
tenderne^i — the danger would be dearer to 
me than ever was pleasure." 

" ' Yon have said such things often,' said 
Alioe, ' and they are soch as f onght not to 
hear, and do not desire to bear. I have no 
tasks to impose on you— no enemies to be 
destroyed— no need or desire of protection- 
no wish, Heaven knows, to expose you to 
danger — It is your visits here alone to which 
danger attaches. You have but tQ rule your 
own wilful temper — to turn your thoughts 
and your cares elsewhere, and I can have 
nttbing to ask— nothing to wish for. Use 
yoor own reason — consider the iiijury you do 
yMTvelf'— the iiuustice ;«« do u«-r(iad tot 



me, once more, in fair terms, entreat you to 
absent ypnrself fropi this place — till — till — ' 

"She paused, and Julian eagerly inter- 
rapted het,— 'Till when, Alice? — till when? 
— impose on me any length of absence which 
your severity can inflict, short of a final se- 
paration — Say, begone for years, but returp 
when these years are over ; and, slow and 
wearily as they must pass away, still the 
thought, that they must at length have their 
period, will enable me to live through them. 
Let me, then, conjure thee, Alice, to name a 
date — to fix a term — to say till uAen.' 

" ' Till yon can bear to think of me only as 
a friend and sister.' " 

Such orders, however, are more easily 
issncd than persevered in or obeyed, and 
Peveril continues his suit, till the father, 
Bridgenorth, suddenly appears. Resides his 
personal reasons for visiting the Island, (he 
conspiracy to overwhelm the Countess of 
Derby is a powerful motive ; and we have a 
good many details on that sort of event which 
Lord Tburlow Indicrously designated as a 
storm in a wash-hand-bason. He does not 
however disconrage Julian's hopes ; bnt on 
the contrary endeavours to win him over by 
them to espouse the cause in which he is en- 
gaged. This involves all the intricacies of 
the memorable Popish Plots which disgraced 
our history from about 1060 downwards. But 
before we endeavour to thread these mazes, 
in so far as the story is concerned, we must 
introduce to notice the most remarkable per- 
sonage in the Novel. This is a female page, 
or attendant upon the Countess of Derby, 
and a diversity of the Gilpin Horner, or 
Human-elfin species. 

- - - " This little creature, for she was of 
the least and slightest size of womankind, 
was exquisitely well formed in all ber limbs, 
which the dress she nsually wore, (a green 
silk tunic, of a peculiar form) set off to the 
best advantage. Her face was darker than 
the usual hue of Europeans ; and the profu- 
sion of long and silken hair, which, when she 
undid the braids in which she commonly wore 
it, fell down almost to ber ancles, was also 
rather a foreign attribute. Her countenance 
resembled a most beautiful miniature ; and 
there was a quickness, decision, and fire, in 
Fenella's look, ami especially in her eyes, 
wliich was probably rendered yet more alert 
and acute, becaiue, throngh the imperfection 
of her other organs, it was only by sight that 
she could obtain information of what passed 
around her. 

" The pretty mnte was mistress of many 
little accomplishments which the Coimtcss 
had caused to be taught to her in compassion 
for ber forlorn situation, and which she 
learned with the most surprising quickness. 
Thns, for example, she was exquisite in the 
use of the needle, and so ready and ingenious 
a draughts-woman, that, like the ancient 
Mexicans, she sometimes made a hast^y sketch 
with her pencil the means of copveying her 
ideas, either by direct or emblematical re- 
presentation. Above all, in the art of orna- 
mental writing, much studied at that period, 
Feuella was so great a proficient, as to rival 
the fame of Messrs. Snow, Shelley, and other 
masters of the pen, whose copy-book^, pre- 
served in the libraries of ths curious, still 
shew the artists smiling on the frontispiece 
in all the honours of flowing gowns and full- 
bottomed wigs, to the eternal glory of call- 
graphy. 

" Tbe little maiden had, besides thes* ac- 
oaqiplifl^nents, much ret4y w|t and acute* 



ness of intellect. With Lady Derby, and 
with the two yonng gentlemen, she was a 
great favourite, and used much freedom in 
conversing with them, by means of a system 
of signs which had been gradually established 
amougst.tbem, and which served all ordinaiy 
purposes of pommanication. 

" But, though happy in the indulgence and 
favour or her mistress, from whom indeed the 
was seldom separate, Fenella was by n» 
means a favourite with tbe rest of the honsc' , 
bold. In fact, it seemed that her temper, 
exasperated perhaps by a sense of her mis- 
fortune, wai by no means equal to ber abllU' 
ties. She was very haugbty in her demea- 
nour, even tpwards the upper dome.''tics,wbo 
in that establishment were of a much higher 
rank and better l)irtii than in the families of tbe 
nobility in general. These often complaiped, 
not only of hpr pride and re>erve, but of her 
high and irascible temper aad vindictive dis- 
position. Her passionate propensity had 
been indeed idly enrouragcd by the yoang 
men, and particularly by the Earl, who some- 
times amused himself with teasing ber, that 
he might enjoy the various singular molioat 
and murmurs by which ^he expressed her re- 
set\tment. Towards him, these were of ronrse 
only petulant and whiipsical indications of 
pettish anger. But when she was angry with 
others of inferior degree — before whom sh< 
did not control herself— the expression of 
her passion, unable to display itself in lan- 
guage, had something even frightful, so sin- 
gular were the todes, contortions, and ges- 
iaref, to which she had recourse. The lonrer 
domestics, to whom she was liberal almost 
beyond her apparent means, observed ber- 
with much detcrence and respect, bnt mDch 
more from fear than from any real attach- 
ment ; for the caprices of her temper dis- 
played themselves even in ber gifts ; and 
those who most frequently shared her bounty, 
seemed by no means assured of the benevo- 
lence of the motives which dictated her li- 
berality. 

" All these peculiarities led to a conclnsion 
consonant with Manx superstition. Devout 
believers in all the legends of fairies so dear 
to the Celtic tribe>, the Manx people held it 
for certainty that the elves were iu the habit 
of carrying otl' mortal cliildren before baptism, 
and leaving in the cradle of tlie newrbom 
babe one of their own brood, which was 
almost always imperfect in some one or other 
of the organs proper to humanity. Snch a 
being they conceived Fenella to be ; and the 
smalhiess of her size, her dark completion, 
ber long locks of silken hair, tbe singularity 
of her manners and tones, as well as the ca- 
prices of her temper, were to their thinking 
all attributes of the irritable, fickle, and dan- 
gerous race from which they supposed her tt 
be sprnng. And it seemed, that althoilgfa no 
jest appeared to offend her more than when 
Lord Derby called her in sport the Elfin 
Qneen, or otherwise alluded to her supposed 
connexion with ' the pigmy folk,* yet still her 
perpetually affecting to wear tbe coloar of 
green, proper to the fairies, as well as sone 
other peculiarities, seemed volantavily as- 
sumed by her, in order to countenance the 
superstition, perhaps because it gave ber 
more authority among the lower orders. 

" Many were the tales circulated respecting 
the Countess's Elf, as Fenella was correotly 
called in the island ; and the malcontents of 
the stricter persnasion were convinced, tbat 
do one but a Papist and a malignant would 
have kept near her person a creature Of uch 




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JOURNAL OP THB BELLES LETtRES. 



35 



dMktfal ori(ia. Tll«y Mweived tliat Fe- 
■dU'i 4ea(S«M «ad dnmbncM were only 
MwinU tboM aftbi* world, and that she had 
bcM heird talkiuf , and sui|inR, and lauRb- 
ill, imt elvitbly, with tbe invi«ible( of her 
on n»e, Hmjt alleged, a|«o, that «b« had a 
Dm Ue , a Mrt of apparUiop reaembling her, 
«U(h (lept in tb* Coaoteai's anti-room, or 
bore bar traia, or wrought in her cabinet, 
while tkc real Frnella joined the aeng of the 
nMnuid* an the aoonligbt tanda, or the 
' duee of Iho fairiea in the haunted valley of 
OliaaifljF, or w) the beighta of Snawfell and 
Birael. The seutlncli, too, woald have 
tvon tbqr had leea the little maiden trip 
put tkeai in their aolitary night-walks, witb- 
Mt thair hariag it in their power to challenge 
htr.aoy nore than if they bad been as mate 
at beiaalf. to all tbia mas* of absurdities, 
tks better inforoted paid no more attention 
duB to tbc nsual idle exaggerations of the 
Tslgar, which ao frequently connect that 
wUck is uBBsaal with what is supernatural." 

At iba tale proceeds, her human origin is 
telatsd, bat her Mtraordinary feats savour 
■are af liiiry potency than of merely mortal 
ftna. Peveril undertakes to carry some 
iaifsltagt pepera to Iiondon from his benc- 
faeiriss, the Countess ; and, secretly depart- 
ia|, Fweite forcM herself into the same 
Tcuel with him, «nd insists en being his 
ciwpMiian. She la net ertheleas set ashore, 
lai tks Skipper givea oar hero on occasion 
the ftlUving history : 

" Ptfcril found the master of tlie vessel 
niker less rode than these in his station of 
lifeasaally are, and received from him full 
islisfaetion concemiog the fata of Fenella, 
•l*B whom the captain bestowed a be«rty 
can*, for obliging him to lay -to nntil he bad 
itat his boat ashore, and bad her back again. 

" ■ I hope,' asid PevertI, ■ no violence was 
sMSsary to reconcile her to go ashore i I 
mt she offered no foolish resistance i' 

"'Baaiat! nein Qott,' (aid the captain, 
' Ike did reaiat like a troop of horse— she did 
Of, yau mfht bear her at Whitehaven— she 
did (• ap the rigging ilka a cat up a chimney ; 
bat dat yas eia trick of her old trade.' 

■"What trade do yon mean r saidPeveril. 

" ' 0,' said the scaoMa, ' I vas know more 
sbiat kar than y»a, Meiobeor. I vas know 
tbit the va* a little, very little girl, and 
preiiiice to one seiltanaer, when my lady 
yonder had the good Inck to bay her.' 

"' A seilianaer,' said Pevenl; ' what do 
Itaneaqby that?' 

"■I mean a rope-danzer, • mountebank, 
> Ham pi^el-harring. I vas know Adrian 
Brsekel veil— he sell de powders dat empty 
■ea't stomach, and fiH him's own piir<e. Not 
ksaw Adrian Bracket, meiq Oatt ! I have 
■Mked many a pooad of tabak with him." 

" Feveril now remembered that Fenella 
k»d kten hronght into the family when he and 
fayeangEarl were in England, and while 
the Coaataas wm absent on an expedition to 
Jhi caatineot. Where the Coootess fonnd 
tar, sbe never commanicated to the yoaiig 
Ma; bat only intimated, that she had re- 
e^tad k»r ont of compassioa, ia order to re- 
berc bar from a situatuM of extrema distress. 

" He hiatedsoaiacb to the communicative 
••aua, who raplied, < that for distress be 
Ua» aacbto oat ; only, that Adrian Brackel 
Nat bar wb«a sbe would not dance on the 
(•re, and s^rvad her whan sbt did, to pre- 
n*tl|«gnwih. Tba bargain between the 
Caaateu and tha Maaaialiank, ha aaid, ha 

ktdMk UmmUi Imghm tta OMutm tad 



mmimmmmmrmimmmsmtmisBm i 

hired his brig upon her expedition to the 
continent. None else knew where she came 
from. The Countess liad seen her on a pub- 
lic stage at Ostend — compassionated lier 
helpless situation, and the severe treatment 
she received— and iiad employed bim to pur- 
chase the poor creature from tier master, and 
charged him with silence towards all her re- 
tinue. ' And so I do keep silence,' continurd 
the faithful confidant, ' van I am in the 
havens of Man; but when I am oo the broad 
seas, den my tongue i> mine own, ynu know. 
Die foolish beoples in the island, they say 
sheis a wechsel-balg— what yon call a fairy -elf 
cliangeliiig. My faith, they do not never have 
seen ein wech>el-balg ; for I saw one myself 
at Cologne, and it was twice as big as yonder 
girl, and did break the poor people, with 
eating them up, like de great big cuckoo in 
the sparrow's nest ; but this Venella eat no 
more than other girls — it wa» no wechsel-balg 
in the world.' " 

Peveril is farced by the weather to land at 
Liverpool instead of Whitehaven. He goes 
to a stable to purchase for his journey, and 
while chafTering about the price, Topham — 
surnamed " Take liim,°' the Parlimentary 
Black-rod, comes on tlie public service, and 
appropriates the best animals for himself and 
two of the rascally perjured witnesses of 
that age, called Everett and Dangeifield. 
In showing his authority, Peveril discovers 
that his mitsinn is to arrest, among otUera 
accused of favouring the popish plot (with 
which the country is in a complete ferment,) 
bis own loyal father, the worthy Knight of 
the Peak. He hastens on bis journey to 
prevent, if possible, this calamity; and at 
the first baiting place is joined by a myste- 
rious person, wham he had particularly ob- 
served while buying his horse, "the stranger 
calls himself Oanlesse, and attaches himself 
to Peveril in so decided a manoer that it is 
iilipotsible to cast him. 

After some remoostrative conversation, 
the latter says : 

• . - " ■ You seem to be a person. Sir, of 
shrewd apprehension ; and I should liave 
thought it might have occurred to you, that 
in the present suspicious times, men may, 
without censura, avoid communication with 
strangers. You know not me ; and to me you 
arc totally nuki|own. There is not room for 
much discourse between its, without tres- 
passing on tli^ general tonics of tlie day, 
which carry iu them seeds of quarrel between 
friends, maoh mare betwixt strangers. At 
any other time, the society of an intelligent 
companion would have been most acceptable 
upon my solitary ride ; but at present—*—' 

'"At presentl' said tiia other, interrupt- 
ing him. ' Vou are like tlie old Ramans, who 
held that Aotlii meant botb a stranger and an 
enemy. I will therefore be no Utnger a 
stranger. My name is Oanlesse— 4>y profes- 
sion I am B Roman Catholic ^test— I ain 
travelling here in dread of isy life— and I 
am very glad to liaveyou for a comp^ntou.' 

" ' I thank yon for the information, with all 
my heart,' said Peveril ; ' and to avail my- 
self of it to the uttermost, I most beg of you 
to ride forward, or lag behind, or take a side 
path, at your own pleasure ; for ai I am no 
Catholic, and travel upon business of Jiigh 
concernment, I am exposed both to risk and 
delay, and even ta danger, by keeping such 
suspicion* compady. And *o. Master Oan- 
latse, keep your own pace, and I will keep 
the contrary ; for I beg leave to forb<«ry9«r 



" As Peveril spoke thus, be pulled up his 
horse, and made a full stop. 

"Thestranger burst outa-langhing. ' What,' 
he said, ' you forbearniy company for a trifle 
of danger? Saint Anthony I Ho tr the warm 
blood of the Cavaliers is chilled in the yoiin; 
men of the present day ! This young gallant, 
now, has a father, I warrant you, who has 
endured as man^ adventures for hunted 
priests, as a knight-errant for distressed 
damsels.' 

" ' This raillery avails nothing. Sir,' said 
Peveril. ' I must request you wdl keep your 
own way.' 

" ' My way is yours,' said the pertinacious 
Master Ganlesse, as lie called hiniscll'; * and 
we will both travel the safer, that we journey 
in company. I have the receipt of fern-seed, 
man, and w.ilk invisible. Besides, you would 
not have me quityon in this lane, where there 
is no turn to right or lelt ? ' 

" Peveril moved on, de<iroHS to avoid 
open violence ; for which the indifTerent tone 
of the traveller, indeed, afforded no apt pre- 
text ; yet highly disliking his company, and 
determined to take the first opportunity to 
rid himself of it. 

"The stranger proceeded thc^ same pace 
with him, keeping cautiously on "bis bridle- 
hand, as if to secure that advantage in case 
of a struggle. But his language did not inti- 
mate the least apprehension. ' You do me 
wrong,' he said tu Peveril, ' and you equally 
wrong yourself. You are uncertain where to 
lodge to-ni^ht — trust to my gnidance. Here 
is an ancient hall, within four miles, with an ' 
old knightly Pantaloon for its lord— an all- 
be-ruflVd Dame ISarb ira for the lady gay — a 
Jesuit, in a bntler's habit, to say grace — an ' 
old tale of Ed<>ehill and Worstcr fi;;hts to. 
relish a cold venison pa>ly, and a flask of 
claret mantled with cobwebs — a bed for yon 
in the priest's hiding-hole— and, for anght I 
know, pretty Mistress Betty, the dairy rinaid, 
to make it ready.' 

'"This has no charms for me, Sir,' said 
Peveril, who, in spite of himself, could not 
but be amused with the ready sketch which 
the stranger gave of many an old mansion in 
Cheshire and Derbyshire, where the owners 
retained the ancient faith of Rome. 

" ' Well, I see I cannet charm you In this 
way,' continued his companion; 'I must 
strike another key. I am no longer Ganlesse, 
the seminary priest, but (chau^ing his tone, 
and snuffling In the nose) Simon Canter, a 
poor preacher of the w^rd, who travels this 
way to call sinners to repentance ; and to, 
strengthen, and to edify, and to fructify, 
among the' scattered reninant who hold fast 
the truth.- What say you to this. Sir?' 

" ' I admire your versatility. Sir, and could, 
be entertained with it at another time. At 
present, sincerity is more in request.' 

"'Sincerity!' said the stranger; — *A 
child's whistle, with but two nates in it— yea, 
yea, and nay, nay. Why, nun, the very 
Quakers have renounced it, and have got in 
its stead a gallant recorder, called Hypocrisy, 
that is somewhat like Sincerity iu form, but. 
of much greater conlpass, and combines the 
whole gamut. Come, be ruled — be a disciple 
of Simon Canter for the evening, and we will' 
leave the old tomble-down castle of the knight 
aforesaid, on the left hand, for a new brick- 
built mansion, erected by an eminent salt- 
boiler from Namptwich, who expects tli^' 
said Simon to make a strong spiritual plrklci 
fyr the preservation of a soul somewhat cor- 
rop(«d oy tb« evil ceaunttuicaUeuf 9!' tlii^ 



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36 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



wicked world. What >ay yon? He has two 
daaghlen— brighter eyei never beamed nnder 
« pinched hood ; and tor myself, I think there 
U more fire in those who live only to love 
and to devotion, than in yonr court beanties, 
whose hearts are ranning on twenty follies 
beside. Yon know not the pleasure of being 
conscience-keeper to a pretty precisian, who 
in one breath repeats her foibles, and in the 
next confesses her passion. Perhaps, though, 
yon may have known snch in yonr day ? 
Come, Sir, it grows too dark to see yonr 
blnnlies ; bat I am sore they are barning on 
your cheek.' 

« < Yon take great freedom. Sir,' said Peveril, 
as they now approached the end of the lane, 
where it opened on a broad common ; ' and 
you seem rather to count more on my for- 
bearance, than yon have room to do with 
aafety. We are now nearly free of the lane 
which has made ns companions for this last 
half hour. To avoid your farther company, 1 
will take the turn to the left, upon that com- 
mon ; and if yon follow me, it shall be at yonr 
peril. Observe, I am well armed ; and yon 
will fight at odds.' 

" ' Not at odds,' retnmed the provoking 
stranger, ' while I have my brown jennet, 
with which I can ride round and around you 
at pleasure ; and this text, of a bandliii in 
length, (shewing a pistol, which he drew from 
Us bosom,) which discharges very convincinj; 
doctrine on the pressnre of a fore-finger, and 
is apt to equalize all odds, as you call them, 
of youtii and strength. Let there be no 
strife between us, however — the moor liesi 
before us— chose yonr path on it — ^I take the 
other.' 

'* * I wish yon good night, Sir,' said Peveril 
to the stranger. ' I ask yonr forgiveness, if 
I have miscontmed yen in any thin^ ; but the 
times are perilons, and a man's lite may de- 
pend on thesocie^ in which he travels. 

« < True,' said the stranger ; ' but in yonr 
case, the danger is already undergone, and 
yon-shonld sc»k to counteract it. You have 
travelled in my companv Ions enough to de- 
Tise a handsome branch of the Popish Plot. 
How will you look, when yon see come forth, 
in comely folio form. The Narrative of Simon 
Canter, otherwise called Stephen Oanlesse, 
concerning the horrid Popish Conspiracy for 
the Murther of the King, and Massacre of all 
Protestants, as given on oath to the Honour- 
able Honse of &>mmoos ; setting forth, how 
far Julian Peveril, yonnger of Martindale 
Castle, i* concerned in carrying on the 
same—' 

" ' How, Sir? What mean yon^ said Pe- 
Tcril, much startled. 

" ' Nay, Sir, replied his companioa, ' do 
not interrupt my title-page. Now that Oates 
and Bedloe have drawn the great prizes, the 
aabordinate discoverers get little but by 
the sale of their narrative ; and Janeway, 
Newman, Simmons, and every bookseller of 
them, will tell you that the title is half the 
narrative. Mine shall therefore set forth 
the various schemes yon have cornmuuicated 
to me, of landing ten thousand soldiers from 
the Isle of Man upon the coast of Lancashire ; 
and marching into Wales, to join the ten 
thonsand pilgrims who are to be shipped 
from Spain ; and so completing the destruc- 
tion ot the Protestant religion, and of the 
devoted city of I>>ndon. Truly, I think snch 
a narrative, well-spiced with a few horrors, 
and pnblished, eum privU^h parUamenti, might, 
though the market be somewhat oventocked, 
be «tUt worth mmt twentyor tiiifty pieceik' '' 



Tbns enforced, Peveril at last tliinks it 
better to arcept the rompany of Uk perse 
vering associate ; and (hey spend the night 
in an extraordinary manner, with a person 
called Smith, who entertains them with the 
most exquisite wines and delicious French 
cookery. These phenomena are afterward:! 
explained, and we learn that Ganlesse is no 
other than Ned Christian, an nnprincipled 
villain (the uncle of Alice.) and Smith Chif- 
finch, the worthless pander to Charles II. 
What causes their union in these parts also 
forms a prominent feature in the novel ; but 
before exponnding such secrets we mnst con- 
duct Peveril to Martindale Castle, and show 
the unhappy state of affairs in thatqnarter. 

" It was not lon^ ere his local acquaint- 
ance with the country enabled him to regain 
the' road to Martindale, from which he had 
diverged on the preceding evening for about 
two miles. But the roads,or rather the paths, 
of this wild country, so much satirized by 
their native poet. Cotton, were so compli 
cated in some places, so difficnit to be traced 
in others, and so unfit for hasty travelling in 
almost all, that, in spite of Julian's utmost 
exertions, and though he made no longer 
delay upon the journey than was necessary to 
bait his horse at a small hamlet through 
which he passed at noon, it was night-fall 
ere he reached an eminence, from which, an 
hour sooner, the battlements of Martindale- 
Castle would have been visible; and where, 
when they were bid in night, their sitnation 
was indicated by a light constantly main- 
tained in a lofty tower, called the Warder's 
Turret ; and which domestic beacon had ac- 
quired, through all the neighbourhood, the 
uaoie of Peveril's Pole-star. 

" This was regiilarly kindled at curfew 
toll, and supplied with as much wood and 
charcoal as maintained the light till sunrise ; 
and at nn period was the ceremonial omitted, 
saving during the space intervening between 
the death of a Lord of the Castle and his 
interment. When this last event had taken 
place, the nightly beacon was rekindled with 
some ceremony, and continued till fate called 
the successor to sleep with his fathers. It is 
not known from what circumstances the 
practice of maintaining this tight originally 
sprung. Tradition spoke of it doubtfully. 
Some thought it was the signal of general 
hospitality, which, in ancient times, guided 
the wandering knight, or the weary pilgrim, 
to rest and refreshment. Others spoke of it 
as a ' love-lighted watchfire,' by which the 
provident anxiety of a former lady of Martin- 
dale guided her husband homewards through 
the terrors of a midnight storm. The less 
favourable construction of unfriendly neigh- 
bours of the dissenting persuasion, ascribed 
' the origin and contimiance of this practice, to 
the assiiraing pride of the family of Peveril, 
who thereby cho«e to intimate their ancient 
tuumiiKt^ over tie whole country, in the man- 
ner of the admiral, who carries the lantern in 
the poop, for the guidance of the fleet. And 
in the former times, our old friend, Master 
Solsgrace, dealt from the pulpit many a hard 
hit agninst Sir Geoffrey, as he that had raised 
his bom, and set up his candlestick on high. 
Certain it is, that all the Peveriis, from 
fathar to son, had been especially attentive 
to the maintenance of this custom, as same- 
thing intimately CBSmceied with the dignity 
of their family ; audio the hands ot'Sir Geof- 
frey, the observance was not like to be 
ountted. 

*' Acoordiocly, the pol«r-«tar of Pererii 



had continued to beam more or less brif^htly 
during all the vicissitudes of the Civil' War; 
and glimmered, however faintly, during the 
subsequent period of Sir Geoffrey's depres- 
sion. But he was Often beard to say, and 
sometimes to swear, that while there' was a 
perch of woodland left to the estate, the old 
beacon-grate should not lack replenishing. 
All this his son Julian well knew ; and there- 
fore it was with no ordinary feelings of sur- 
prise and anxiety, that, looking in the direc- 
tion of the Cattle, he perceived that the 
light was not visible. He hailed — rubbed 
his eyes — shifted his position— and endea- 
voured, in vain, to persuade himself that be - 
had mistaken the point froin which the polar- 
star of his house was visible, or that soaie 
newly intervening obstacle, the growth of a 
plantation, perhaps, or the erection of some 
building, intercepted the light of the beacon. 
But a moment's reflection assured him, that 
from tlie high and free sitnation which Mar- 
tindale Castle bore in reference to the sur- 
rounding counti'y, this could not have taken 
place, and the inference necessarily forced 
itself upon his mind, that Sir Geoffrey, his 
father, was either deceased, or that the fa- 
mily must have been disturbed by some 
strange calamity, under the pressure of 
which, their wonted custom, and solemn 
usage, had been neglected. 

" Under the influence of nndcfinable ap- 
prehension, young Peveril now struck tlie 
spurs into his jaded steed, and forcing him 
down the broken and steep path, at a pace 
which set safety at defiance, he arrived at' 
the village of Martindale-Moultrassie, eagerly 
desirous to ascertain the cause of this ominous 
eclipse. The street, through which his tired 
horse paced slow and reluctantly, was now 
deserted and empty ; and scarce a candle' 
twinkled from a casement, excepting frota 
the latticed window of the little inn, called 
the Peveril Arms; from which a broad light 
shone, and several voices were heard iu rude 
festivity." 

Here bursting from the tap-room of the 
loyal old host, be is surprised to hear a 
well known song of the Commonwealth time, 
which some puritanical wag had written In 
reprehension of the Cavaliers, and their dis- 
solute courses, and in which his father came 
in for a lash of the satirist : 
Ye thought in the world there was no power to 
tame ye, [ye. 

So you tippled and drab'd till the saints overcame 
" Forsooth," and « Ne'er stir," Sir, have van- 
quished, « G- d — n me," 

Which nobody can deny. 

There was bluff old Sir GeoAiey loved brandy and 

mum. well. 
And to see a beer glass tom'd over the thumb well ; 
But be fled like the wind before Fairfax and Crom- 
well, Which nobody can deny. 

Peveril is repulsed by a varlet called Mat 
Chamberlain, who has now some influence iii 
the inn ; but its owner, the six months widow 
of the ancient host, compassionates his case, 
tells him his father is in danger, if not slain, 
and lends him her palfrey for his journey to 
the Castle — whither he hastens, and finds Sir 
Geoffrey a prisoner to the Sectarians : among 
these is Bridgenorth, at whom Peveril tires 
his pistol without injury. In the end the old 
Knight and his lady are carried prisoners to 
London, while Julian is allowed, oh parole, 
to remain in the custody of Bridgenorth, with 
whom be goes to Monltrassie. 

The second volome concludes with these 



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JOURNAL OP THE BELLES LETTRES. 



37 



CMOti; utd the third commenres at Moiil- 
triuie Hall, where, along with Alice, Jniian 
finds an assemblage ot' paritans, and among 
them recognises Oanlesse. The scene here 
drscribed is peculiar : in tlie night, while Sir 
Geoffrey and his lady are under convoy for 
London, onr hero is rescned through an as- 
sanlt on his prison by his father's retainers, 
aod also taking Lance the gamekeeper for 
hik attendant, sets out for the capital. On 
.this janmey, being rather forcedly placed 
behind the bar at an inn, he overhears the 
coDfersation of two gentlemen.whicli touches 
liim nearly. They are Lord Saville and Chlf- 
^ch, and Julian gathers from them that the 
latter has the papers with which Lady Derby 
had.entrnsted him, that his pistols had been 
nnloaded, and that a plot was hatched to 
min bis family, and make Alice the mistress 
of the king. In consequence of these dis- 
coveries, be follows ChifHucb on the road 
next day, and forces him to surrender back 
the dispatches so surreptitioosly obtained, 
with which he reaches London in safety. 

" V/e must now transport the reader to 

the mignificent hotel in Street, in- 

hahitedat this time by the celebrated George 
ViUien, Dnke of Buckingham, whom Dryden 
Ins doomed to a painful immortality by the 
ft* lines which we have prefixed to this 
diapter. Amid the gay and the licentious of 
Itie laaghing conrt of Charles, the Duke was 
tke most licentions and most gay ; yet while 
expending a princely fortune, a strong con- 
ititntion, and excellent talents, in pursuit of 
frivolons pleasures, he failed not to nonrish 
deeper and more extensive designs ; in which 
be ool}' failed . from want ef that fixed pur- 
pose and regulated perseverance essential to 
•II important enterprises, but particularly in 
palilics. 

" II was long past noon ; and the usual honr 
*'the Duke's levee — if any thing could be 
termed ns.nal where all was irregular— had 
been long past. HU hall was filled with 
Urqaeys and foofanen, in the most splendid 
liveries ; the interior apartments, with the 
gentlemen and pages of his honsebold, ar- 
rived as persons of the first qnality, and in 
tl«t respect, rather exceeding than falling 
*ort of the Dnke iu personal splendour. 
Bat his anti-chamber, in particular, might be 
compared to a gathering of eagles to the 
ilughtrr, were not the simile too dignified 
to express that vile race, who, by a hundred 
devices all tending to one common end, live 
"pop the wants of needy greatness, or ad- 
niiniMer to the pleasures of summer-teeming 
luxniy, or stimulate the wild wishes of lavisli 
•ad wastefnl extravagance, by devising new 
■HHles and fresh motives of profusion. There 
stood the Projector with his mysterious brow, 
prominng nnbonnded wealth to whomsoever 
»ighl chuse to fnrnisb the small preliminary 
nun nece.«sary to change egg-shells into the 
grew ««iiiiiim. There was Captain Seagull, 
undertaker for a foreign settlement, with the 
m»p under bis arm of Indian or American 
kusdoms, beaotifnl as the primitive Eden, 
■•iiing the bold occupants, for whom a ge- 
^e^on• patron should eqnip two brigantines 
•M • fly-boat. Thither capie, fast and fre- 
S»ent, the gamesters, in their different forms 
•ad calUng. This, light, yonng, gay. in ap- 
Be^rance, the thoughtless yonth of wit aod 
pleasore— the pigeon rather than the rook— 
bnl «t heart the same sly, shrewd, cold- 
llooded calcniator as yonder old hard-fea^ 
tared professor of the same science, whose 
«:res m irown dim with w^tjcUiig the dic« 



at uiidnisht ; artd whose fingers are even 
now assisting his mental computation of 
chances and of odds. The fine arts, too — I 
would it were otherwise — have their pro 
fessors amongst this sordid train. The poor 
poet, half ashamed, in spite of habit, of the 
part which he is about to perform, and 
abashed by consciousness at once of his base 
motive and his shabby black coat, Inrks in 
yonder corner for the favourable moment to 
offer his dedication. Much better attired, 
the architect presents his splendid vision of 
front and wings, and designs a palace, the 
expence of which may transfer the employer 
to a jail. But uppermost of all, the favourite 
musician, or singer, who waits on my lord 
to receive, in solid gold, the value of the 
dulcet sounds which solaced the banquet of 
the preceding evening. 

" Siirh, and many such like, were the morn- 
ing attendants of (he Duke of Bnckinj^hant — 
all genuine descendants of the daughter of 
the horse-leech, whose cry is, ' Give, give.' 

" But the levee of his grace contained other 
and very different characters ; and was indeed 
as various as liis own opinions and pursuits. 
Besides many of the young nobility and 
wealthy gentry of England, who made his 
Grace the glass at which they dressed them- 
selves for the day, and who learned from him 
how to travel, with the newest and best 
grace, the general Road to Ruin ; there were 
others of a graver character — discarded 
statesmen, political spies, opposition orators, 
servile tools of administration, men who met 
not elsewhere, bnt who regarded the Duke's 
mansion as a sort of neutral ground ; sure, 
that if he was not of their opinion to-day, 
the very circumstance rendered it most likely 
he shonid think with them to-morrow. ITbe 
Puritans themselves did not shun intercourse 
with a man whose talents must have render- 
ed him formidable, even if they had not been 
nnited with high rank and an immense for- 
tune. Several grave personages, with black 
suits, short cloaks, and bandstrings of a for- 
mal cut, were mingled, as we see their por- 
traits in a gallery of paintiags, among the 
gallants who ruffled in silk and embroidery. 
It is true, they escaped the scandal of being 
supposed intimates of the Dnke, by their bu- 
siness being supposed to refer to money mat- 
ters. . Whether these grave and professing 
citizens mixed politics with money-lending, 
was not known ; but it had been long ob- 
served, that the Jews, who in general con- 
fine themselves to the latter department, had 
become for some time faithful attendants at 
the Duke's levee." 

There is an animated description of this 
nobleman's private chamber ; and his dia- 
logue with his valet, Jerningham, is full of 
dramatic spirit- In the end, Ganlesse, or 
Ned Christian, appears, and a still stranger 
scene easues ; but without going into the 
ravelled sleeve of court intrigue which it un- 
folds, we shall only mention that its result 
is Buckingham's determination to traverse 
the wily schemes of Christian and the Duchess 
of Portsmouth, and obtain possession of Alice 
for himself before she can be introduced to 
his royal master. Thus he sums up : 

" To subdue a Puritan in Esse — a King's 
favourite in Posse — the very muster of west- 
ern b«au(iesr-that is point first. Hie iif pa- 
dence of this Manx mongrel to be corrected 
— the pride of Madame la Dnchesse to be 
pulled down — an important state intrigue to 
be furthered, or baffled, as circnmstances 
render moat to my own honour and glory— I 



wished for business bnt now, and I have got 
enough of it. But Bnckingham will keep hit 
own steerage-way through shoal and throngh 
weather." 

With regard to the littla Puritan, onr 
readers will perhaps think with us, that her 
portrait, as drawn by the author, is hardly 
of that transcendent beauty which wonla 
serve as the fonodation for so mnch plotting 
upon and rivalry in those who had the choice 
of all the female loveliness of England. But 
we must return to the story. Julian, in at- 
tempting to deliver one of his letters to a 
priest in the Savoy, is encountered by Fe- 
nella,who draws him off under the impression 
that her mistress is in town, and it is no 
longer needful to employ her despatches. 
We are now introduced to the King. 

• - - " Jniian continued to follow her light 
and active footsteps as she glided from the 
Strand to Spring-Garden, and thence into 
the Park. 

" It was still early in the morning, and the 
Mall was untenanted, save by a few walkers, 
who frequented these shades for the whole- 
some purposes of airand exercise. Splendour, 
gaiety, and display, did not come forth, at 
that period, until noon was approaching. All 
readers have heard that the whole apace 
where the Horse Guards are now boilt, 
made, in the time of Charles II., a part of 
St. James's Park ; and that the old bnilding, 
now called the I'reasnry, was a part of the 
ancient Palace of Whitehall, which was tho* 
immediately connected with the Park. The 
canal had been constructed, by the celeltrated 
Le Notre, for the purpose of draining the 
Park ; and it communicated with the Tbamea 
by a decoy, stocked with a quantity of the 
rarer water-fowl. It was towards this decoy 
that Fenella bent her way with unabated 
speed ; and they were approaching a gronp 
of two or three gentlemen who sauntered iqr 
its banks, when, on looking closely at him 
who appeared to be the chief of the party, 
Jniian felt his heart beat ancommonly thick, 
as If conscioDS of approaching some one of 
the highest consequence. 

" Thp person whom he looked upon was 
past the middle age of life, of a dark com- 
plexion, corresponding with the long, black, 
full-bottomed periwig, which he wore instead 
of his own hair. His dress was plain black 
velvet, with a diamond star, however, on Us 
cloak, which hnng carelessly over one (hool- 
der. His features, strongly lined, even to 
harshness, had yet an expression of dignified 
good humour; he was well and strongly 
built, walked upright and yet easily, and had 
upon the whole the air of a person of the 
highest consideration. He Itept rather in 
advance of his companions, but tnmed and 
spoke to them, A'om time to time, with mudi 
affability, and probably with some liveliness, 
judging by the smiles, and sometimes the 
scarce restrained laughter, by which some of 
his sallies were received by his attendants* 
They also wore only morning dresses ; but 
their looks and manner were those of men of 
rank, in presence of one in station still more 
elevated. They shared the attention of their 
principal in common with seven or eight lit* 
tie black curl-haired spaniels, or rather, a* 
they are now called, cockers, which attended 
their master as closely, and perhaps with as 
deep sentiments of attadiment, as the bipeds 
of the group; and whose gambols, which 
seemed to afford him mnch amusement, he 
sometimes regulated, and sometimes encoa- 
raged. In adtUtton to thU putime, alacqneys 



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38 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



or groom, was also in atlendance, with one 
or two little l>;i«kcts and baus, tVom which 
the jipntleinan we have dccribeil tODk, from 
time to time, a hanillnl of seeds, and amused 
biiiiself with throwing tlicm to the waler-fowi. 
*' This, the King's faToiirile occupation, 
together with his remarkable countenance, 
and the deiiortment of the rest of the com- 
pany towards liim, satisfied Julian I'everil 
that he was approaching, perhaps Indeco- 
rously, near the person of Charles Stuart, the 
, second of that unhappy name. 

" While he lu-silated to follow his dumb 
guide any nearer, and felt the embarrass- 
ment of being nnable to conmiunicate to her 
his reptii^nance to further intrusion, a person 
in the royal retinue touched a light and lively 
air on the (las;eolet, at a signal from the 
King, wlio desired to have some tunc rc- 
, peated which had struck him in the theatre 
on the preceding evening. While the good- 
natured Monarch marked time with his foot, 
and with the motion of his hand, Fcnclla con- 
tinned to approach him, and threw into her 
manner the appearance of one who was af- 
tracted, as it were in spite of herself, by the 
sounds of the instrument. 

" Anxioui to know how this was to end, 
nnd astonished to see the dumb girl imitate 
50 accurately the manner of one who .actually 
heard the musical notes, Peveril also drew 
near, though at somewhat greater dlst.tncc. 

" The King looked good-humouredty at 
both, as if he admitted their musical enthu- 
siasm as an excuse for their intrusion; but 
his eyes became livetted on rcnelh, whose 
face and appearance, although rather sin- 
gular than beautiful, had something in them 
wild, fantastic, and, as being so, even capti- 
vating, to an eye which had been gratified 
I>erhaps to satiety with the ordinary forms of 
female beauty. She did not appear to notice 
how closely she was observed ; but as if 
acting under an irresistible impulse, dii^rived 
from the sounds to which she seemed to listen, 
ehe undid the bodkin round which her long 
tresses were winded, and Hinging them sud- 
denly over her slender person, as if using 
. them as a natural veil, she began tn dance 
wltli infinite grace and agility to the tune 
which the flageolet played." 

'j'he King is charmed with this exhibition, 
and sends the parties to tiie palace, wh^Me 
they are received in the apartments of Ma- 
dame Chifiinch— the secret scene of royal 
pleasures. Here a nicle eminently dramatic 
ensues. Alice has been betrayed to the same 
place for the infamous purposes of her uncle ; 
. Buckingham has pursued her, and has Mrs. 
, Chifiinch as his ally; Julian and i''enella are 
[j tiigsther, with the latter lady and Empson, 
L when the king, alias old Rowley, enters, 
and after somi* badinage With the petite 
', laaitresse, the conversation thus proceeds : 
_ - - " ' It strikes me that Chifiinch said you 
|[4>3d company — some connlry cousin, or such 
I matter — Is there not such a person?' 
" ' There is a young person from the 
|Country,' said Mistress Chifiinch, striving to 
conceal a considerable portion of embarrass- 
rment ; ' but she is unprepared for snch an 
LJiononr as to be admitted into yonr Majesty's 

I presence, and ' 

' And therefore the fitter to receive it, 
ilJChitfiuch. There is nothing in nature so 
beautiful as the first blush of a little rustic 
between joy and fear, and wonder and cu- 
riosity. It is the down on the peach — pity it 
Decays so soon! — the fruit remains, but the 
Brat high colouring and exquisite flaTonr ave 



Kone. — Never put up thy lip for the matter, "'Look you there,' said the king;'! 
Chifiinch, for it is as I tell you; so pray let | knew he was in trouble; and yet how to 



us have la bells coitsine/ 

" Mistress Chifiinch, more embarrassed 
than ever, again .idvanced towards the door 
of communication, which she bad l)een in the 
act of opening when his Majesty entered. 
But just as she coughed pretty londly, per- 
haps as a signal to some one within, voices 
were again heard in a raised tone of alterca- 
tion — the door was iiung open, and Alice 
rushed out of the inner apartment, followed 
to the door of it by 'he enterprising Duke of 
ISuckingham, who stood fixed with astonish- 
ment on finding his pursuit of the flying fair 
one had hurried him into the presence of the 
King. 

" Alice Bridgenorth appeared too much 
transported with anger to permit her to pay 
attention to the rank or character of the com ■ 
pany into which she had thus suddenly en- 
tered. ' I remain no longer here, madam,' 
she said to Mistress Chifiinch, in a tone of 
uncontrollable resolution ; ' I leave instantly 
a house where I am exposed to company 
which I detest, and to solicitations which I 
despise.' 

" The dismayed Mistress Chiffincli could 
only implore her, in broken whispers, to be 
silent; adding, while she pointed to Charles, 
who stood with his eyes fixed rather on his 
audacious courtier than on the game which 
he pursued, ' The Knig — the King! ' 

" ' If I am in the King's presence,' said 
Alice, aloud, and in the same torrent of pas- 
sionate feeling, while her eyes sparkled 
throunh tears of resentment and insulted 
modesty, ' it is the belter — it is his Majesty's 
duty to protect me; aud on his protection I 
throw myself.' 

" These words, which were spoken aloud, 
and boldly, at once recalled Julian to himself, 
who had hitherto stood, as it were, bewilder- 
ed. He approached -Alice, and whispering 
in her car that she had beside her one who 
wonid defend her with his life, implored her 
to trust to his guardianship in this emergency. 
" Clinging to his arm in all the ecstasy of 
gratitude and joy, the spirit which had so 
lately invigorated Alice in her own defence, 
gave way in a flood of tears, when she saw 
herself supported by him whom perhaps she 
most wishi'd to recognize as her protector. 
She permitted I'everil gently to draw her 
back towards the screen before which he had 
been standing; where, holding by his arm, 
bnt at the same time endeavouring to conceal 
herself behind him, they waited the conclu- 
sion of a scene so singular." 

A most ingeniously wrought dispute ensues 
between the King and Buckingh.im — .At the 
close of which, .Alice and Julian are brought 
to the notice and inquiries of the King — 

" ' And who art tlion thysell, man?' said 
the Sovereign ; ' for though every thing 
which wears Imddice and breast-kuot has a 
right to speak to a King, and be answered, 
I know not that the\ have a title to audience 
throngh an envoy extraordinary.' 

" ' I am Julian Peveril of' Derbyshire,' 
answered the supplicant, ' the son of Sir 
Geoffrey I'everil of Martindale Castle, 

who ' 

" ' Body of me — the old Worcester man ? ' 
said the liing. ' Oddsfish, I remember him 
well 



woidd 
ofll^ 



help the stout old Knight, I can hardly tell, 
I can scarce escape nuspicion of the Pk>l 
myself, though the principal object of It it 
to take away my own life. Were I to stir to 
save a plotter, I should certainly be brought 
in as an accessary. — Buckingham, thou hast 
some interest with those who built this tine 
state engine, or at least who have driven it 
on — be good-natured for once, though it ii 
scarcely thy wont, and interfere to aheltei 
our old Worcester friend, Sir Godfrey. Yoa 
have not forgot him ? ' 

" ' No, Sir,' answered the Duke ; ' for 1 
never heard the name.' 

" ' It is Sir Geoffrey, his Majesty won 
say,' said Julian.' 

'" And if his Majesty rfirf saySirGeofl _ 
Mxstcr Peveril, I cannot see of what hh 
I can be to your father,' replied the Dnke, 
coldly. 'He is accused of a heavy crime; 
and a British subject so accused can have id 
shelter either from prince or peer, but nttl 
stand to the award and delireranc* of Ood 
and his country. ' 

" ' Now, Heaven forgive thee thy hype- 
crisy, George,' said the King, hastily. '1 
would rather hear the devil preach religion 
than thee teach patriotism. Thou knoweii 
us well as I, that the nation is in a scarlet 
fever for fear of the poor Catholics, wh< 
are not two men tn five himdred ; and tb* 
the public mind is so harassed with iic« 
narrations of conspiracy, aud fresh horron 
every day, that people have as little real sensi 
of what is just or unjust, as men who tall 
in their sleep of what is sense or nonsense 
I have borne, and borne with it — I have >eei 
blood flow on the scaffold, fearing to thwar 
the nation in its fury — and 1 pray to Ooi 
that I or mine be not called on to answe 
lor it. I will no longer swim with the toi 
rent, which hononr and conscience call upoi 
me to stem — I will act the part of a 8o{ 
reign, and save my people from doing 
justice, even in their own despite.' 

" Charles walked hastily up and down ( 
room as he expressed these unwonted senti 
ments, with energy equally unwonted. Al\e 
a momentary pause, the Duke answered bii 
gravely, ' Spoken like a Koyal King, Sir 
but, p.tidoii iBe,not likea King of England.' 
" Ch.^rles pau«ed, as the Duke spoke, h( 
side a window which looked full on Whttt 
hall, and his eye was involuntarily attracts 
by the fatal window of the Banqiiettiai 
House, out of which his unhappy father wa 
conducted to execution. Charles was natn 
rally, or, more properly, constitution;)! 
brave ; but n life of pleasure, together w 
the habit of governing his course rather b 
what was expedient than by what was right 
rendered him unapt to dare the same seen 
of danger or of martyrdom, which had closel 
his father's life and reign ; and the tlio 
came over his hall-formed resolution, tik€ 
rain upon a kindling beacon." 

Peveril delivers Lady Derby's papers J 
the King's own hand, and retires with 
and Fenella from tlie palace. Onlheir^ 
to the river side, they are l)C5ct by two br 
in the service of Buckingham. Peverill 

ages one of those, and nfter a good de 
teocing, runs him through the body ; 
the mean time Alice is abducted, aiM 
Fenella disappears. Being arrested fyr^ 



I upoi 
Sog 

rn n 



some harm has happened to him, 
think — Is he not dead, or very sick at least? ' 

" ' III at ease, and it please your Majesty, I crime, our hero is carried before a justl 
bat not ill in health. He has been imprisoned the peace (a portrait, we presume, as 
on account of alleged accession to this Plot.' I character is cario«sly drawo,) and by 



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JOURNAL OP THE BELLES LETTRES. 



39 



oominitted to Newgate. The captain of this 

gaol U also drawn with strong and pecnliar 

line*. Id consideration of extra garui«h, he 

. leoda the priKonerto the cell of Sir Geoffrey, 

' but craelly breaks tlie word of promise to 

his ear by giving him as a companion, not 

bi( father, bnt the famons dwarf Sir Geoffrey 

Hudson, in limning whom the antbor has 

availed himself pretty freely of the writings 

of the period. During the night th6 cell is 

mysterioasly entered by a visitant, who offers 

. Peveril freedom if be will renounce Alice; 

bnt this be rejects, and the Beipg vanishes 

in anger. 

Young Peveril, at the opening of the last 
volnnie, is removed to the Tower; and in 
the meantime Buckingham, with Ms nsual 
versatility, coalesces with the Snchess of 
Portsmonth, and resolves to sacrifice the in- 
trigne in which he had engaged with Chris- 
tian. For this purpose he auvises him to go 
into Derbyshire on a false scent after bis 
niece, ana employs one of his agents, the 
famoos Colonel lllood, to dog and detain 
him. Having now time on his hands, he 
visits a portion of his Palace devoted to gal- 
lantly, and called the Nunnery, where he 
sapposcs Alice to be confined. Instead of 
berhe finds Zarah, an oriental enchantress, 
(In reality «nr old acquaintance, Veuella,) 
and a dialogne of great spirit ensues between 
tbem, of which we cannot resist a specimen : 
' " Tarry a little, my Princess,' said the 
Dnke ; ' and remember, that you have voluo- 
tarily entered yourself as pledge for another; 
and by any |>eoalty which it is my pleasure 
to exact. None mast brave Buckingham witli 
ijnpnwty-'. 

" ' I am In no harry to depart, if yonr 
Grace hath any commands for roe.' 

" ' What, are you neither afraid of my re- 
sentment, nor ot my love, fair Zarab?' said 
die Pake. 

" * Of neither, if this glove," answered 
the lady. ' Yonr resentment must be a petty 
pasaion indeed, if it conid stoop to such a 
helpless object its I am; and for your love — 
good lack! good lack !' 

" ' And why good lack, with sach a tone 
«if contempt, lady i Think yon Bnckingliam 
cannot love, or has never been beloved in 
return?' 

^ ' Me may have thoaeht himself beloved,' 
•aid the nutiden ; ' but by what slight crea- 
tures ! — things whose heads could be ren- 
dered ^ddy by a playhonse rint — whose 
brains wtre only filled with red-lieeled shoes 
and satin baskins — and wlio run altogether 
mad on the argument of a George and a star.' 
" ' And are there no snch f^ail fair ones in 
yonr Climate, most scornful Princess i * said 
the Dnke. 

•« ' There are,' said the lady ; ' but men 
rate them as parrots arid monkeys — things 
witbont either Nensc or soni, he.iA or heart. 
The nearness we bear to the snn has pnrified, 
while it strengthened, onr passions. The ici- 
fcles of your frozen climate shall as soon 
hammer hot bars into ploughshares, as shall 
the foppery and folly of yonr pretended gal- 
lantry make an instant's impression on a 
breast like mine.' 

" * Yon Speak like one who knows what 
passion is,' said the Duke. < Sit down, fair 
lady, and grieve not that I detain yon. Who 
can consent to part with a tongne of so much 
itttUtij, or an eye of such expressive elo- 
qoenee ! You ba^e knotvo, then, what it is to 
love?* 
'* ' 1 kit<nr-H>b matter if by experience, 



or through tlje reports of others— but I do 
know, that to love as I would love, would be 
to , yield not an iota to avarice, not one inch 
to vanity, not to sacrifice the slightest feel- 
ing to interest or to ambition ; but to give 
up Aix to fidelity of heart and reciprocal 
anection.' 

" ' And how many women, think you, are 
capable of feeling such disinterested passion?' 
" ' IMore, by thousand*, than there are 
men who merit it,' answered Zarah. ' Alas, 
how often do you see the female, pale, and 
wretched, and degraded, still following with 
patient constancy the footsteps of some pre- 
dominating tyrant, and submitting to all his 
injustice with' the endurance of a faithful and 
misused spaniel, who prizes a look from his 
master, though tlie surliest groom that ever 
disgraced humanity, more than all the plea- 
sure which the world beside can furnish 
them ? Think what such would be to one who 
merited and repaid ti>eir devotion.' 

" ' Perhaps the very reverse,' said the 
Dnke ; ' and for your simile, I can see little 
resemblance. I cannot charge my spaniel 
with any perfidy ; but for my mistresses — to 
confess truth, T must always be in a cursed 
hurry if I would have the credit of changing 
tbem before they leave me.' 

" ' And they serve you but rightly, my 
lord ; for what are you ? — Nay, frown not, 
for yon innst hear the truth for once. Nature 
has done its part, and made a fair outside, 
and courtly caucation lias added its share. 
You arc noble, it is tlie accident of birth — 
handsome, it is the caprice of Nature — gene- 
rous, because to give U raoje easy than to 
refuse— well apparelled, it is to the credit of 
your tailor — well-natured in the main, be- 
cause you ha^e youth and health — brave, be- 
cause to be otherwise were to be degraded 
r— and witty, because you cannot help it.' 

" The Duke darted a glance on one of the 
large mirrors. ' Noble, and handsome, and 
court-like, generous, well attired, good-hu 
moured, brave, and witty! — You allow me 
more, madam, than I have the ^lightest pre- 
tension to, and surely enough to make my 
way, at some point at least, to female favour.' 
" ' I have neither allowed you a heart nor 
a head/ said Zarah, calmly. — ' Nay, never 
redden as if you would fly at me. I say not 
but nature may have given yon both; but 
folly has confounded the one, and selfishness 
perverted the other. The man whom t call 
deserving the name. Is one whose thoughts 
and exertions are for others, rather than 
himself, — whose high purpose is adopted on 
just principles,' and never abandoned while 
heaven or earth afford means of accomplish- 
ing it. He is one who will neither seek an 
indirect advantage by a specioui road, or 
take an evil path to gain a real good purpose. 
Such R man were one for whom a woman's 
heart should beat constant while he breathes, 
and break when he dies.' " 

On coming to rather closer quarters, she 
leaps from the window and escapes. 

We are now shined again to the Tower, 
which the King visits, and there meets with 
an affecting incident in tlie sudden death of 
an old Cavalier, Major Coleby, employed as 
a warden. This incident, and the honest 
counsels of the Dnke of Onnond, dispose 
the King favonrabiy towards his old friends. 
The Peverils are tried, (together with Hud- 
son) and acquitted through his Majesty's 
underhand interference. The trial before 
Scroggs, and with Dr, Oates for a witness. 
Is aA uile and vivid picture. The mob assail 



the assoilzied prisoners as they leave the 
Conrt. They defend themselves bravely, and 
are rescued, though the affair is rendered 
rather farcical by the situations of their 
dwarf companion. In the house where they 
take refuge the plot thickens, for Major 
Bridgenorth appears to them from a con- 
cealed door, and they are forcibly detained 
by a puritanical force there assembled ibr 
treason'>ble designs. Into this conspiracy 
Buckingham is compelled by Christian, and 
it is determined that very night to seixe the 
Court and coerce the King. At the Court 
all is ignorant gaiety, till on some musical- 
instruments being brought in, Hudson steps 
out of a bass viol, and reveals the plot. 
Bpckingham is hastily sent for, and other 
measures taken; and all the intricacies of 
the Novel are more involved as the moment 
for untying them arrives. But in aiding 
this purpose we will be no party ; and in 
order that our readers may enjoy the de- 
nouement, we will only state, that Bucking- 
ham is forgiven by his easy sovereign, Chris* 
tian banished, with Zarah, or Fenella, bis 
partner in exile; Bridgenorth a voluntanr 
exile ; and the estates of Peveril and Mouf- 
trassie united on the happy marriage of 
Julian and Alice. 

We have lett ourselves no space for re- 
mark, but shall next Saturday devote a few 
columns to that task. 



JOURNAI, OF A RORTICULTVRAI, TOUR, &C. 

{Concluded.) 
The description of Brussels and its vicinity 
is full, and very particular as far as relates 
to the peculiar department of our travellers. 
In tlic green market, the supply of culinary 
vegetables was not very extensive ; but the 
articles were good of their kind. The same 
praise, however, could not be bestowed on 
the fruits. The method of cultivating that 
excellent variety of the common cabbage, 
which yields the far-famed Brussels sprouts, 
is detailed ; and consists, chiefly, in pinching 
off the principal head of the cabbage, so as 
to favour the production of lateral shoots. A 
most interesting account is given of Pro- 
fessor Van Mons, who appears to be as ex- 
cellent and enthusiastic a horticulturist as be 
is acknowledged to be a chemist. His col- 
lection of seedling fruit-trees is very exten- 
sive ; and he has produced several new and 
exquisite pears and apples. In the course 
of his conversations, he made the following 
important communication as the result of his 
individual experience : 

" That by sowing the seeds of new varieliw 
of fruits, we may expect, with much greater 
probability, to obtain other new kinds of good 
quality, Uian by employing the seeds even of 
the best old established sorts. He likewise 
gave it as his opinion, that if the kernels of 
old varieties were to be sown, it would be 
better to employ those from other countries, 
similar in climate : to sow, for example, the 
seeds of English and of American apples in 
Brabant, or those of the north of Germany in 
Scotland, and vicever$a." 

We may add, that we have seen some ex- 
cellent new sorts of apples raised from sowing 
the seeds of American apples in England, 
We cannot pretend to offer any explanation 
of Van Mons' observations ; but the latter 
part of them is of great importance in nata- 
ralixing both the fruits and vegetables of 
warmer climates to our own climate. It is 
in vain to think of naturalicing a plant in « 
northern region from seed iminediately 



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THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



brought from the torrid zone ; bat the same 
plant may be completely naturalized by car- 
rying the seed first to a climate a very few 
degrees colder, and thus progressively ad- 
vancing, from climate to climate, northward. 
Thus rice is grown in the north of Germany ; 
bnt rice directly brongbt from Italy will not 
even vegetate in Germany. 

The greatest novelty in Brussels, to our 
tourists, was the Frog-market ; and as we do 
not recollect seeing it described in any other 
book of travels, we will extract the entire 
description, with all its decorative Scotti- 
cisms, for the satisfaction of our readers: 

" In a lane hard by the green and fruit- 
stalls, we fell in with the Frog-market, which 
was a novelty to as. The animals are brought 
alive in pails and cans, and are sold by tale. 
The frog-women are arranged on forms, like 
the oyster-women in tlie Edinburgh fish. 
market, and, like them, they prepare the ar 
tide for the purchaser on the spot : as the 
oyster-woman dexterously opens the shells 
with her gully, the (Vog-woman shows no les.i 
adroitness, although more barbarity, in the 
exercise of her scissors : with these she clips 
off the hind limbs (being the only parts used,) 
flaying them at tiie same time with great 
rapidity, and sticking them on wooden 
skewers. Many hundreds of the bodies of 
the frogs, thus crnelly mangled, were crawl- 
ing in the kennel, or lying in heaps, till they 
should be carried off in the dnst carts. 

" We may mention, that the species thus 
used as food (Rana escuUnta) has never been 
observed by us as a native of Scotland, though 
it is marked in natnral history works as a 
British species. It is generally larger, and 
more arched on the back, than our common 
frog (Rana tempvmria;) and the colour is 
rather green, while ours is rather yellow. 
We noticed, however, many specimens, per- 
haps males, marked longitndinally over the 
bark with three faint yellow lines." 

Onr worthy Caledonians do not inform us 
whether they ventured to taste a pasty made 
with these hind quarters, after the scene they 
witnessed. For our own parts, having been 
•ccnstomed to contemplate nearly as much 
cruelty practised by the females who sell and 
skin live eels in London, we were easily pre- 
vailed on to partake of a frog pasty in Paris ; 
and, in common witli several of our country- 
men who tasted it at the same table, we pro- 
nonnccd it to be, decidedly, the best of the 
French dishes. Frogs, however, are expen- 
sive, and a rarity even in Paris ; and are 
only seen at the tables of the opulent. 

From Brussels our travellers proceeded on 
to Paris, through Enghien, Toumay and Lille, 
all important places to the eye of the horticul- 
turist.^ In their account of the French me- 
tropolis, they properly confine their remarks 
almost entirely to their own department: 
and in this their subject-matter is sufficient 
to occupy more than one fourOi of the vo- 
Inme. 

In the Marchl da Innocent, Mr. Macdonald 
foond the vegetables, both in quantity and 
quality, equal to his expectations. The chief 
novelties were the navtt, or French turnip, 
some varieties of the haricot, or kidney-bean, 
nncommon in England, and pompions of large 
dimensions. We have been often surprised 
that the use of the pompioo, which is easily 
cultivated in Great Britain, has not been in- 
troduced as a culinary vegetable into onr 
markets. The French generally employ it in 
soups. The magnificent Janiiru da Planta 
{Teatly excited the admiration of onr tour-' 



ists, as it does that of all travellers who visit 
Pari) ; and by frequent inspections of it, 
their description, at least as far as regards 
horticulture and agricultnre, is more syste- 
matical than any other which we have read 
in English publications. This national esta- 
blishment contains seventy acres of ground, 
and includes a Botanical School, a School of 
Natural History, a School of Practical Agri- 
culture and of Comparative Anatomy, a 
Museum, and a Menagerie. It is the only 
object in the French metropolis which has 
excited the envy of the better informed of 
our countrymen ; and has drawn from them 
a reluctant acknowledgment of the inferiority 
in this respect of the British capital. No 
parallel to it, certainly, can be found in any 
part of the world ; it stands alone, a splendid 
example for imitation, in the eyes of Europe. 

A visit to St. Germains afforded compara- 
tively little of interest; and although tlie 
Gardens of the Tnilleries are favourably 
spoken of, yet we find our Horticnitnrists 
more in their element in speaking of one of 
the most interesting sights in Paris, at least 
in our opinion — the XarM ma FUun; but 
the season of the year (September) pre- 
vented them from seeing it to. the greatest 
advantage. In this delightful exhibition, 
however, the capricionsness of fashion pro- 
duces a monotony which is to be regretted. 

" Every year some particular kind of 
flower comes into fashion, and is bought np 
with avidity, frequently at high prices. It 
is the business of cultivators to mark these 
caprices, and to gratify them. The demand 
naturally increases the prodnction of the 
favourite plant, all the cultivators directing 
their attention to its propagation. The mar- 
ket is glutted, the price falls, the flower is 
sported by the bourgeoitie, and forthwith goes 
out of fashion." 

The principal novelty at Malmaison is 
what onr tourists denominate " the original 
bnlbof Bmnsvigia/owphinie." The splendid 
head of flowers which this bulb produced in 
1817, and which is figured in Redout^'s 
work on the Liliacese, measures, in its de- 
cayed state, three feet and a half in diameter; 
and the bulb, " at the surface of the soil, two 
feet and a half in circumference." For the 
sake of those nnacquainted witli the great 
age to which plants attain, we may mention 
that there is an orange-tree, still living and 
vigorous, in the orangery at Versailles, which 
is well ascertained to be four hundred years 
old. " It is designated the Bourbon, having 
belonged to the celebrated Constable of that 
name in the beginning of the I6th century, 
and been confiscated to the crown in 1522, at 
which time it was 100 years old. A crown is 
placed on its raiis^, with this inscription 
painted below, ' Semi en 1421.' " 

The most instructive part of the Volame is 
the acconnt which our travellers give of the 
culture of the peach in the peach-gardens of 
Montrenil. To the exclusive attention indeed 
which the cnltivatom in this village have 
given to the culture of the peach tribe, for a 
long succession of years, is to be attributed 
the superiority of this frait, as it appears in 
the Paris market, which is acknowledged all 
over Europe. The principal and moat scien- 
tific cnltivator is John Mozarel, the author of 
a work, Sur la CuAioKion du Pidier, 1814 ; tad* 
very detailed account is given of his method 
of training and pruning, from which, how- 
ever, we cannot make any extracts without 
mutilating the whole. Rut we strongly re- 
commend its perusal to gentlemen who do 



not possess Mozarel's work, and who raise 
their own peaches, and are consequently 
anxions to see their tables well snpplleil with 
this delicious fruit. Our climate is certainly 
less favourable than that of France for the 
cultivation of the peach, which is a native of 
Persia, and attains higli perfection in Europe 
nnder an Italian sky only, in the open air. 
Bnt much m«y be effected by proper manage- 
ment ; and in no place can better informa- 
tion be obtained on this subject than in die 
Montrenil Gardens. 

We must now take leave of onr tontists ; 
who, in returning to Scotland, vinted and 
carefully examined the best gardens in the 
neighbonrhood of London ; a portion of their 
task which we wish they had performed as 
effectually previous to embarking for the con- 
tinent, as they would then have informed 
themselves that many things which they have 
regarded as novelties in the Dutch and the 
French gardens, are already familiar to Eng- 
lish horticulturists. We would also have 
been better satisfied had the Depntation 
pointed out more explicitly those circam- 
stances which they met with worthy of imi- 
tation, in the practical part of gardening, in 
the course of their Tour, and had given a 
list, in the Appendix to the volume, of snch 
plants as they were disposed to think might 
be introduced with advantage into this 
country. We nevertheless regard the Volume 
as one of very great interest, not only to the 
horticulturist, bnt to the general reader, as it 
fills up a hiatiu which we always lamented in 
the descriptions of travellers, and enables 
those who do not possess the means or the 
inclination for travelling, to complete their 
knowledge of Holland, the Netherlands, and 
part of France, as far as it can be obtained 
from books. 



MISS HAWKINS' ANBCDOTES, &C. 8vO. 

A REVIBWER ought to be kind to Miss Haw- 
kins, for she makes his office as near a sine- 
cure as any author can do. We have bnt to 
read and pick out the plums, as we did last 
week, to the manifest gratification of all the 
lovers of light and amusing iitei^ture. Speak- 
ing of other neighbours at Twickenham, 
besides Oarrick, Lady Tweedale, See. Sec 
Miss H. says — 

" The more bumble dwelling Opposite ns, 
had been a laboratory, productive of great 
annoyance to the neighbourhood. It was, 
some years l>efore the time I speak of, occa- 
pied by Ward, the celebrated inventor of 
those medicines which bear his name. The 
nuisance this proved to the inhabitants of 
Twickenham, obliged the parish to have re- 
course to law ; and the qnestion of naisance 
or no nnisance was argued in Westminster 
Hall. Obliquely opposite to this noisome 
manufactory, there dwelt a superannuated 
Admiral, of the name of Fox, who of neces- 
siW was called as a witness to the existing 
evil. It is well known to be a forensic re- 
source in such a business, to disconcert a 
witness as much as possible,^ when nnder 
cross-examination by the opposite party ; and 
Admiral Foxhaving been supposed to bis not 
quite in his best fighting-humour when on 
some Important service, he was a little open 
to this species of attack. He had already 
declared upon oath that the stench of these 
works was intolerabl«r7-and he was now re- 
quired to say wh^tbis intolerable smell re- 
sembled. It is /not always easy to hit in- 
stantly on a cbmparison, especially nnder 
snch intinudation, att4 tbe veteran was pus- 



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JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



41 



ded;— he could only reppat ' Like? like > I 
doa't know what it is like ; — it is like the 
lom'dett toiell I ever smelt.' The interro 
gitiag barrister seemed now to have got hold 
of lOffle proposition on which to raise a 
Ibetrj. ' Was it like gnnpowder, Mr. Ad- 
■iral?' laid he. The whole Court took it; 
—the Isafth went ronnd, and the witness re- 
treated to his place. • • - 

" At the commencement of the American 
war, Mr. Orenritle, then in power, wishing 
to know bow the qaaker-colonists stood a<- 
fiecled, sent a message to Dr. Fothergili, in- 
tisutiDgtbathe was indisposed, and desiring 
to lee him in the evening. The doctor came, 
aid bis patient immediately entering on the 
popalar topic of American affairs, drew from 
Un tbe information be wanted. The con- 
TcrtatioB held through a large portion of the 
cTening, and it was conclnded by Mr. Oren- 
lille'i saying he fonnd himself so mnch better 
fertbe doctor's visit, that he would not trouble 
kim to prescribe. In parting, Mr. Orenville 
ilipt five gnineaa into the doctor's hand, 
which Fotbergili surveying, said with a dry 
aith tone, ' At tKa rate, friend, I will spare 
Uiee 10 honr now and then.' 

"Another of his anedotes was this : Dr. 
Bradlesby, who was perhaps best known as 
tte Diedical friend oi Johnson, was, as the 
thei Duchess of Richmond herself used to 
relate, sent for to see her woman, who was 
w in as to be confined to her bed. In the 
ball be was met by the Doke's valet, who 
«ai the woman'a husband, and who either by 
latiire or locality was as warm a politician as 
flie doctor. Public affairs being then peca- 
Karly critical, they became so interested in 
debate, that tbe patient was little thought on 
as tbey ascended the stairs, nor did the con- 
lenation relax when they reached the sick 
woman's chamber. In short, they both 
nitted the room, returned' dovrn stairs, and 
nedo^r qnitt^'Richmond-bonse, without 
either wTfliem'tteing aware that they neither 
had looked at the patient, or spoken to her, 
•r of her. - - - 

" I remember to have beard it said of Dr. 
Schonberg, that it was hit " ruse," when con- 
nlted at borne, to lay two guineas, tbe one 
•■ tbe other, near him on his table, from 
whence bis patients were to infer that his 
feewaseftbat sum." 

Of another Dr. Schomberg, It is told that 
be obtain^ an Eqglish plnm-pndding at 
Paris by throwing the recipe of an old 
cookery book ioto tbe form of a prescrip- 
tioD, and sending it to the apothecary to 
be made up. To prevent all possibility of 
error, he directed that it should be boiled 
ia a doth, and sent in the same cloth, 
to be applied at an honr specified. At this 
boar it arrived, borne by tbe apothecary's 
autatant, and preceded by the apothecary 
himself, drest, according to the professional 
formality of the time, with a sword. Seeing 
wb«a he entered the apartment, instead of 
iigas of sickness, a table well-filled and sur- 
ronoded by very merry faces, he perceived 
that he was made a party in a joke that 
tamed on himself, and indignantly laid 
his band on bis sword ; but an invitation to 
tute his own cookery appeased bim, and all 
wu well. - . - - 

The Duke of Leeds " proves a contributor 
t* this work, of two anecdotes, the firiit of 
which he related to the gentleman on whom 
be designed to practise hit whimsical joke ;— 
it was this: — 
" WbcB Seervtaij of State, in going home 



from his office on foot and alone, he was one 
night attacked on Constitutiou-hiil by two 
footpads, who having taken his money de- 
manded bis watch. It was very valuable, and 
he bad deposited it so securely, that he thooght 
he might venture to daiy having one : he did 
so ; and at the moment, and while tbe men 
had their hands on him, the watch itself be- 
trayed bim by striking. The hour was nn- 
fortnnately twelve I — be heard it ; and, as he 
said himself, thought it never would cease 
striking. He gave bis life np for gone ; but 
providentially the men did not hear it, and 
made off with what they had obtained. A 
strong sense of this wonderful escape re- 
mained on the Duke's mind, - - • 

"The other anecdote the Duke told my 
father, and it was this : — 

" The Duchess of Queeiisberry, of eccen- 
tric memory, at an evening-assembly at her 
own honse, wanted to get rid of the late Sir 
Oeorge Warren, who was one of the com- 
pany. Rude hints from snch a personage 
went for nothing ;-^perhaps they might be 
interpreted as favour. To make her meaning 
perfectly understood, she ordered a servant 
to bring a broom and follow him, sweeping 
till the annoyance should be intolerable, and 
thus she effected her purpose. To have been 
affronted, or to have shown any resentment, 
would have been almost to condescend to a 
level with a person so privileged. 

" Her Grace of Queensberry, when once 
thought on, cannot be insuntly forgotten. 
When yoimg and unmarried, Lady Rochester, 
her mother, had bespoken for her a court- 
dress ; and snch a dress being at that time 
very costly, a piece ot a cheaper silk was 
put into the back-part of the petticoat under 
the train, which so offended the young lady, 
that she drest herself with tbe back-part ol 
her petticoat in front, to expose her mother's 
frugality. 

" Another anecdote of this fruarra Duchess 
was told to my father by the late Colonel 
St. Paul. The Earl of Clarendon at the time 
was a Villiers : in consequence of descent 
from the Hyde family he had been created 
Earl of Clarendon, at which the Duchess, 
who was of an elder branch of the Hydes, 
was so offended, that she exclaimed, ' what 
does this fellow mean by powdering bimscU 
with the dust of my ancestors ?'" 

or Mrs. Gaily, the widow of Dr. Gaily, 
who held the living of St. Giles' in the fields, 
the ancestor of Mr. Gaily Knight, we have 
some interesting particulars. 

" Her dress (says our author) I suppose 
the had never altered from the time of her 
marriage ; and where she fonnd any body 
to make her clothes, I can hardly imagine. 
Hating domestic trouble, but disposed to 
be very exact, her dinners were ordered by 
a rotation-bill of fare ; — and she had a mea- 
sure for all her honse linen, snch as nobody 
else had. 

" The society at her house is the circum- 
stance which makes me present her to the 
reader. It was delectable : the time I speak 
of, was when what were generally called 
< runuing visits,' were the fashion. As the 
ambition for or tbe necessity of a large ac- 
quaintance increased, they were called ' flying 
visits ; ' and when that ambition, or necessity, 
had increased them so as to render ■ personal 
service' impossible, 'squib visits,' till. the 
matter was wholly given up in despair, and 
assemblies, large parties, and 'at homes,' 
succeeded. The last indeed manv persons, 
evin then, adopted, b^ being at home one 



evening in a week ; but that was ineoove- 
nient, as in some families it showed the pau- 
city of connexions, and in others sometting 
nsnally occncred to make coing o«t on that 
evening desirable. But Mrs. Oally's was 
an incessant ' at home,' and I question 
whether she ever sat an evening without ' 
visitors. On Sunday evenings she had a 
formidable circle, - - - - it was very attrac- 
tive, as will be confessed when I state the 
names of a few whom I remember there. - • 

" Of these circles were Dr. Hnrd, before 
and after he was a bishop. Dr. Kaye, after- 
wards Sir Richard Kaye and Dean of Lincoln 
— Dr. Warbnrton and his lady— Bishop and 
Mrs. Moss— Bishop Halllfax and his amiable 
lady— Dean Tucker— Sir John Russell- 
Mr. Palmer, the steward of the Bedford 
estete— the present and truly venerable 
Mr. Bnrton, till lately a Welsh Judge — 
Dr. Gloster Ridley— and many obers whom 
I have heard Sir J. and Lady H. mention, 
but of whom I know nothing more. 

"Of Dr. Hnrd it may perhaps not be 
known to all into whose hands tliese volumes 
may come, that, in case Buonaparte had 
landed in this country, it was the intention 
of our late venerable and beloved Sovereign 
to have removed his family to H^rtlebnry, 
the residence, at that time, of Dr. H., as 
Bishop of Worcester." 

Of Bishop Hoadley a note relates tbe fol- 
lowing: 

"He bad been Bishop of Bangor, and 

was thence translated to Hereford, to the 
great displeasure of the clergy of that see ; 
who, endeavouring in every way to aSront 
him, gave publicity to a disticb, 
' The Lord in his anger 
Seat the Bishop of Bangor,' 
and named a dog belonging to some one about 
the church, ■ Hoadley.'^ When he was trans- 
lated to Salisbury, some of those gentlemen 
being in London, thought fit to pay Um a 
visit of congratulation there. He received 
them with the utmost politeness and good- 
humour, and invited them to dine on a future 
day ; — ' and pray,' added his Lordship, 'bring 
my namesake with you.' 

" When his sen wrote ' The Suspicions 
Husband,' and sent it to bim, be returned it 
with notbing more than the remark, that, 
contrary to the usual practice, be had spelt 
the word proj^nt with an f. My father con- 
ceived this to be a mean of avoiding all com- 
mendation of a play that had so little of a 
moral tendency in it." 

Of another chnrchman eminent for polite 
literature. Miss H. thus writes : 

" I ought not to conclude my sketch of 
Dr. Percy, without recording a conversation 
in which be gave some curious particulars of 
Shenstone, the wailing poet of the Leasowes, 
who, as well as the artificial paradise which 
he created, seems now ' well nigh ' forgotten. 
The Bishop said, that in his tante for rural 
pleasures, he was finical to a liidicrons degree 
of excess. In tbe purchase of a cow, he re- 
garded nothing but the spots on her hide ; if 
they were beautiful, all other requisites were 
disregarded. His man-servant, whose office 
it was to show his grounds, had made a grotto, 
which Shenstone approved. This was always 
made the teat of bU visitors' judgment : if 
they admired William'* grotto, hit master 
thought them worth accompanying in their 
circ«it, and, on a signal from the man, ap- 
peared ; b«t if they paaaed it with little no- 
tice, he kept out of their way. The Bishop 
added, that he had more thitn ooce wblted 



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42 



TttK UfBHARV GA^fitTB, AND 

in a magnificent case of creen morocco and 
goltl, lined with silk, which bad cost Taliut 



Bbenttcaa at the L^taoweai bnt always 
thvught and found him a mata unhappy in bis 
temper." 

We do not think it will be a trespass to 
add yet a Mini Notice af this amasing Volnme. 



2V Pharmaceatical Ouide. In two piirtt. 

To astut yoimg personi who prepare mtdi- 

cinei in acquii mg the requisite knowledge of 

the Latin language, IfC. 
A lAW was, a' Tew years since, enacted to 
oblige every individual who practises as an 
Apothecary to undergo an examination as to 
his competency to perform the duties of his 
station. It is perfectly just that such a law 
should exist. But since the principal part of 
the prescriptioHS which are wfitten by phy- 
sicians are placed in the hands of young men 
in the shops of druggists, it must be a matter 
of astonishment to every thiuklng member of 
the comqinnity, that these young men are 
not likewise compelled to nndergo an ex- 
•minatioB. 

"They manage tbeso things better in 
France ; " there, no man is allowed to prepare 
medicines without previously obtaining a cer- 
tificate of his abilities to perform what he 
professes. All who send prescriptions to men 
ignorant of the Latin language, incur great 
risk ; and this risk is much augmented by the 
" lamentable practice, too frequent with many 
prescribers, of employing tnch chametin mid 
•UrMiutimi at lean much to t/i«c0i(;'actttra of those 
who prepare the medicines so ordered." 

We leave to Medical Journals the office of 
painting out the merit* and demerits of" The 
Pharmacentical Guide ; " we have noticed its 
publication, beeaose the defect of knowledge 
which this work is destined to remove is one 
which regards every class of society ; for who 
can promise to themselves a perfect freedom 
from all the bodily ills ■■ ileah is heir to f" 



... . " You will perhaps learn with no in- 
considerable Interest, the following meteoro- 
Ingieal fact, the authenticity of which I am 
able to certiiy. From the 1st to the 24tH of 
Febniary, there fell upon the Isle of Cayenne 
tvetveftet seven indies of water. This observa- 
tion vrai made by « person of the highest 
veracity ; and I assdred myself, by exposing 
a vessel in the middleof my yard, that there 
fell in (ho cily tm ami a quarter inehet of water 
between eight in the evening and six in the 
morning of the I-ith and ISlh of thatmonlb. 
From these enormous rains has resulted an 
inundation from which every plantation ha* 
suffered. 



KBAItirBB SOOniTZES. 

Cambriogs, January 10.— The subjects for 
Sir William Browne's Medals for the present 
year, are — 

Gre^ Ode.— In Obitn'm Viri admodom Re- 
verendi Doctissiraique Tho. Fanshawe Mid- 
dleton Episcopi Calcuttensis. 

liiXin Ode. — African!. Catenis Devincti. 

Greek Epigram.^^Zij' ft ^lAoftoftc, fo)t wo- 

Latin Epigram, — ^"Oi ipiiiyti raXif imxifercu. 



AiLxa Axrj> BOZEirors. 

EGVPTIAH ANTIQUITIBS. 

Thb discoveries of M. Champollion, jon. 
respecting Egyptian writing, daily afford new 
and importaut resiilti, both for history in 
general, and in particular for determinin;; 
the era of the Monuments of Egypt, and of 
the paintiuKs which adorn them. We are 
informed that from the complete designs of 
the Portico of Esn^, M. Champollion has 
found that the great Zodiac which is carved 
tliere is of the age of the Emperor Claudius. 
Thus this astronomical monument, which 
begins with the sign of the Virgin, and which 
on this account, it was concluded, might be 
anterior by 2000 years to tlie Zodiac of Dea- 
derah, which commences with the sign of the 
Lion, can have preceded it at the most by 
the whole duration of the reign of Claudius, 
which was only fourteen years. 

K>i» Sleam-Engine of great Power. — We under- 
stand that Mr. Perkins has invented a new 
steam-engine, founded on a new property in 
steam, by which more than seven-eighths of the 
fuel and weight of engine may be saved. He 
has constructed a small one, with a cylinder 
two inches in diameter, and a stroke aftwetve 
indies, which has the power of vwa horses. 

Enormout Fall rf Rain in the Tnpiet. ^The 

following singular and almost iooredibleatate- 
ment, i* given in Professor SiUiman's Ameri- 
can JonrtuI of Science, vol. iv. p. trs, on the 
Mthority of a letter from M. Rmissin, captain 
Of a vessel, dated Cayenae, 38tii Feb. 1880. 



ram AUTs. 

talmVs and other oej«uiNe portraits 

OF SRAEBSPBARE. 

Mr. Editor,— I regret tliat the entire 
occupation of my time has delayed until noW 
the redemption of my promise to you, to 
communicate some information upon Talma's 
Shakespeare. 

On my retnm through Paris in September 
last, I was strongly advise4 by a friend, 
whom I met there, not to leave it until I had 
seen an extraordinary portrait ofShakespeare 
which was in the possession of Talma, and as 
he was very intimate with that celebrated 
actor, he offered to introdnce me; he ossnred 
me, on observing a sceptical smile on my 
face, that it was an wndauited picture. He 
was about to describe it, when f interrupted 
him, and requested that he would listen to 
me, whilst I described to him some undoubted 
forgeriet of Shakespeare's portrait which had 
come under my own observation. I men- 
tioned four or flvft, and among them the 
Beltoaa Shakespeare : I so entirely convinced 
him of my acquaintance with its history, that 
be then wished me to call on Talma to unde- 
ceive him. I was Mad of the opportunity of 
knowing a man so distinguished, and availed 
myself of hit offer. Talmareceived me politely : 
before the picture Was produred, I described 
It minutely, and gave him iu history ; that It 
was made by an old artist of the name of 
Zinke, who was tbe grandson of the cele- 
brated enameller of that name ; that he had 
sold it for five pnnnds to Mr. Edward Forster 
of the Strand, in whose possession I had 
seen it. One circumstance I mentioned that 
had escaped Talma's notice, and which was 
to be the test of the truth of his picture or 
my story. The head which 1 had seen in 
London was painted on canvas, and fastened 
on the top of the bellows by a close border 
of shoemakei's wooden pegs ; to this Forster 
had directed my attention, and said that 
Zinke had intended to excite the idea tliat it 
had been in the possession of some cobbler, 
whose recollection of the Bard had led to his 
thus honouring him, and who was supposed 
also to have carved the lines and quotations 
on the parts of the bellovrs' top nnoccnpied 
by the canvas. Thetranurvwasitowprodoced 



a thousand francs, — rather a suberb lodKibg 
for an old bellows. It was opened with almost 
as sacred a feeling as the relic thnmbsandtoe* 
of saints arc shewn. My old friend appeared! 
— the border of pegs settled Its authenticity. 
Talma bore bis dixappoiatmeut like a philo- 
sopher and a geritleilian ; and though l,'*^ 
much gratified oy the dpportunlty of spending 
an hour with him, I could not hMp regretlitif; 
that it Was nnder circumstances wnich robbed 
him of a pleasure, that alike complimented 
the actor of the present, and tbe writer of 
every age. 

Talma gave a thousand francs for the pic- 
ture, and I heard had refbsed a thousand 
pelinds for It to an English gentleman of the 
name of Belt. It bad been taken to Parts, 
in all probability, to caicft Talma. The person 
firom whom he bought it, had atSo iome 
curious papers of Sir Renelm Digby's— doubt- 
less as genuine as the Shakespeare.* Sliire my 
return to England, I have heard ofand setn 
some new portraits of Shakespeare from the 
same source ; one is now in the' pdssession of 
Mr. Reid, bookseller, at Charing Crosk. It 
has some verses beneath fty Ben Jonson ; and 
on the back are written varioiia attestations 
to its being genuine by successive generi- 
tions and possessors through wtiose hands It 
had passed. Two others are nearly ready, 
and are promised to be very curiotis ; they 
may probably be seen at Mr. Porster's a 
week hence. 

Some time ago a correspondence appeared 
in yoar Paper upon one of the iparioos 
Shakespeares ; the description of it, when 
shown ta ZiaVtj immediatelv recalled to Ms 
recollection one that he had trantkued fi-eiii 
the portrait of an old woman. Which he boaght 
of Picrcy, the plctute-dealer, In Tlchb»m«- 
street, Pictadilly, for i few shillings. He 
sold it for four or five pounds^ as '* 



dum of Shakspeare, to Benton, aj>awnlMt>her 
in Holborn, ri'om vrfaom it wae beni 

gentleman in ^eetadef. 



This may Serve as a general early tM»)hnt 
of the pictures that he thus convert* f tite 
knavish and foolish parts of their adVentate* 
oecnr later In their histmy. ' He declares 
that be never offered or sold one as genalne. 
He generally offers them, wlien iintslied, to 
Mr. Forster, no* of No. 4, Lower ^ainea'- 
street, GoMeri-sqnare, wtio is seldom without 
one or more, and to whom I reeoaimatid all 
possessors ofceNtJiNn Shakespeares to upptr 
for their history ; — there are few upon wMea 
he cannot give (itisattsraotary IntomMtion. 
There is one, however, that has passed lhre«g[k 
his hands Which be believes may t>e genaiiM!, 
perhaps only because he knows aot wh* 
made it. It is a small mtnlatnre, painted in 
oil OB gold, in tm enamelled 'locket, riebty 
mounted. It was for near fifty ^eara lA 
the possession of the eelebfafea Mr. Jen- 
nings, of Battersea f and at lost (toeetber 
with a Missal, Ac. by Julio Ctovis) wa« 
parted with relnetantly to a Mr. Webb (br s 
consideration as a loan of six or seven Hwa- 
dred pounds. This miniatare is, or lately 
was, la the possession Of Mr. Wi«e, of Long 
Acre. 

Poor old Zinke is grateful to th« fmr-t 
chasers of his memeruidiimcfSh ekiif i an , M h*< 
calls them. He has altaintmenls for whinh 
he deserves a better fate, flian to live by 
apparent deceit ta their application. Bathi4 



* See Literary Oazette for li2i 
nottees ef thesf sabjebts. 



for aeveral 



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■MiMiiMiMMilMiBAi 
" pd^feHy, tM not Ms wilit eodsentt ;" »nd 
hcUys UtU ke often owes to hltSbakespearei 
$ke mortel Md th« conch which preserve 
kirn ihim sur«atton ukI hMseIe»s exposure. 



JOUttNAL OP THE BELLBB tETTRES. 



43 



Exmnnoii or oraw^hcs, nc. soHO-raoAiiB. 

A IHtniiGDisBiHG featare of this Exhibi- 
tfoti is its mlktnre ot' the past and the present, 
together with the sketches, or first tliuughts, 
the stodies and exercises in Art of enr earliest 
pnclitioners ; to appreciate some of whicli, 
as an ancient writer has qnalutly said, ^' a 
man most not only have eyes in liis head, bnt 
a head in his eyes," otherwise the slietcliM 
of VTUson, Cozens, P. Sandby, Oainsliorough, 
lUynolds, &c. mnst be a dead letter. Of 
those things sojnstly admired, and so precious 
ta die eyes of the artist and the amatenr. it 
b onlv necessary to observe, tliat besides 
their intrinsic excellence, thev derive their 
principal value from the finished works of 
the masters whose names they beat : and are 
bi this pi^t of view what the ordinary ac- 
tiolla of pe>t men are to the observing bio- 
gri^tber. we have thrown oitt these remarks 
priatipatly with k view to check a growing 
dis^ltion ia the Tyros of the Art, to hold too 
cheaply what they do not nnderstand, and to 
bid fliem beware of a levelling principle that 
wifl prevent their own futnre improvement 
abd rise to eminence. 

or the more general attractions in these 
nwois, we have only to repeat that they are 
every WBy worthy of the public regard and 
yatronage ; and we shall take . occasion to 
point out inch particulars as strike us. Tlios 
wc have to notice the very extraordinary 
cfeet prodnced by the rainbow in Turner's 
Sttle drawioc. No. i\. View on the UUiot ttc. 
Kb Dtmr, (No. 36.) notwithstanding great 
(seeUeace in the detail, we are nevertheless 
iaeBaed to place among the vagaries of a 
powerfal genius, rather than among the re- 
pre«eat»tioos of nature. There has been so 
■MCta of these experiments in colours, so mack 
•f calcalated effect for exhibition, that we 
caMMt bat lament their introduction in snb- 
Jeeta to which they do not belong. The sky 
too in this drawiog mixes Itself so intimately 
with the receding parts of the view as to pre- 
veat all keeping : the sacrifice to harmony of 
oofcwring goes too far. 

No*. S8 tt S». Hgmplu halhing, &c. T.Stot- 
hmrA, B.A. — The beoatifnl romance of this 
Artist's peiMil was never displayed b> more 
wlvaetage than In these two little gems. 

Me. tl. Stmikt tftwo OU W»mm, by the late 
H.Monro. — Our admiration mnst bi mingled 
with regret that snch talent shonid have met 
Ml aatff grtvt. W« reoogniee la these studies 
tke a^me ftreeueitj of talent which distin- 
CtMied the woriLs ef Harlowe. Ufli mnst 
not b« Aeaskrcd by years, bnt by what It has 



tKfctttarAfc ipoamY. 



M«. 18t. Drmi^ tftki TtiHlMd rms, &e., 
•qr ihelateT. Baxter, of Worcester.— Rather 
■mm advMtced, btit still prematare wu the 
fate of this Artist { and we are sore that 
<«•« need not apologile for mentioninc that 
«kese Drawing, teaether with hi* Stadles 
mt Flowers and FnMt, are en ■»!« tbr the 
Uas w at of his widow and children. Had this 
••M bean the oas«, their own exeelleaea would, 
^■« trust, have beea lafideat recommemUi- 
tMa t* tte dlMeniiag,— ibr netbihg »f the 
mttm Uad can ga acyoai fhb ^ower aad 
»«>aty artkcir ettcbtiM ; wi fnNn his haads 
diM e wtU ba M nMrt. 



[Literary Correnpondence from Greece is so 
new aU octufreoce, Ihat the rarity aloue of the 
anne«d Song by a miideni Oreek Bard woUld 
have bisuKd it a reception in our eolumnii ereu 
had the merits of the composition been question- 
able. A» it is we have much gratifianion lu 
offering it to our cla«sical readers ; and for those 
who do not miderstand the laugaage, a literal 
translation a added.] 

IIAIAN 
Ear* rh " AtSr t »«t»«f rti* 'BXX^nw." 

AtSrs'EAAqvtt yvnimiti ! 
AfiiiTt wpoSi/iMS viol I 

Ett rhr itlar irafrtunh*, 
nsrpKV KKnfoniiio* 
"Exow'S vV cv^ntav, 

Kal ttXtw rSr Vltufift' 
"SKAnni tyv/uf 

Nik fiyt '# rVr ix*P^' 

'H *E\XJLt ivania^iTl, 
*tAdi! ItlA (rSt spatrithtt 

A^aimit rV iraXatay 
'H irofitt fiirn SfS» 
"OXo T*!' icoXiy t4 Ml), 

K' tirvx't*" trttptir, 

*E\Xi|rt>, K. r. X. 

'O voTsli, varplf , ^iXrdni ! 
'H «VTi KfarmuTini 

'kraiiin* vmn Uvdv I 
*w ! 1 . . . ttt riaat tvrvx^t 

*EAAi|Wt, «. T. A. 

'AXKJt Mffti ! nil i>o$1l<rml 
'K/b Uimp *dku' tt<rM 

Tar ptko/uMi' rpoucfiy ■ 
Wal- Itet^f ytniauiTirti, 
'Etta' twf 4 irirr, 

*HX»« T»i! ^tnht olSr. 

*EAAl)MI, K. T, K, 

Atecut, 9i$\io$TiKai, 
T9s vo^los iiwotfiKat 

'Ayiyipoyrtu Ka/nrpiis, 
'Marirov Si^ris tput 
'SyaAw (it itiBt itims 

EXXijwt, «. T. A. 

n4m, xd^ vij» wtttWos, 
Efrys, Tfixif •arrolas 

K«l AtOdrras md ivp^i ' 
*t\mliJi»t ikffinntint 
Ti» t»«^4j KBTaroTf Jvf 
•Ot>i»^n) ^ 'KAAdil 

'BAAifm, «. T. A. 

1uian\Wttifa> k«1 Itni 

n«v«tf(p4M^ <rSt t/wSf • 
AJ (TKiol M tSk wfoyinm, 
Msra •t6cof A*#i|t XP^^t 

Xalpounu ImarKtfTtw. 

'EAAilvc*, «.T.A. 



ttit r& §<Tni ffat tb^patm 
Koi ^Aa7<f n •ri^i' ijrwx*"' I 
'EAAi}Wttsl i/to^(ivwi 
VdAAfTt (tal KaitwiHKtiivm, 
Tiji wa/rptSn riiP fij^y. 

'tWnint, K. T. A.. 

nnk 'EAAai ;•> ri» HdM.li 
'SptuptUrtrmi M7<lAif 
Eh r^s rvxfs Tie Vmtr ( 



YJptu 2pa ^omurta ; . . . . 
'Ox'" 0Kint Ta^/h)(rlf 
Nfor Kiffium ^rtiwr. 

*EAAl)r(>, K. T. A. 

nwTowipoi njtriairai 
KcfMupaioi, 'Hrtipwrat, 

MoKfSiii'M Kol AcA^ol, 
AftriraAoi Kal 'AffTjmai, 
Sraprtarw Kol 0>;dai(ii, 

'OAsi j^ov¥ its iScA^aC 

'EAAqKfi, K.T. A. 

Nasi, $turpa, /nawrtTa, 
Srocil, Kqrat, vpirrovcia, 

Mdrovy (Is roiit Ovpafhvt 
Til cdirB^irniyoriTivaur 
Tlpmow, i>p(\<iw, inuthmvr, 

Kiiwovy / fttrapp i roSs. 

'EKKriyis, «. t. A. 

Mi ri> fi^as MfKwotilfri 
El> rk Si^ra gamiiyTi 

TpifLoy, oTxroy itpa^tytt, 
'AAAoii irclAir q iOAfa 
'Phrnmaa rk wptvuwtta 
TAMcbr y4\itTa Kiffi. 

*iA\t)>'(>, «• V. X. 
Mov<rmy ariita col Xoplrur, 
*0(«|j» ! rSy inKl\Tvy 
'Tiwitrt t4« ifsrit. 
nlyiapi ! V t))» 'OK'Ju^tar 
Hi Kitdpamov rijy ftfloy 
Ai^aj^t Toht MAi)r4;. 
•'f 'EAAiji'M, «. T. A. 

' VdAAs MoSo-a TifioUov i 
IIA4pqt ^rfiaret Mio» 
Koi irupla tiii> ra6»y 
Hiip*i«f>> <^i)'i/x<»»*'« ' 
Ha^V> <'TOll>'^< MutrfTt 
TAy iipiay ceil vo^y. 

"EAAnrst, <t. T. X. 

niAiy &(»/>£ ro\>t {/rovs 

Eij TO fSo^J qftw"! 
T<xi"u ti4 yh. gxotXianvy 
'H T& fi^a yk Aaupiiaovy 

Ki»y iAAwy 'ATf AVfr. 

'EXXiirat, c. T. X. 

•Art ■*6\oy lat w^Aoi' 
T4 KoAi T*x tAtbi' SxsM' 

ncpsvSiat Rol 'lytAn, 
Tqr i<^lyau<ri irarptav 
'S ritr ^AiiOKivoy tpauclv 

M«T<Hicai!a'i crw^S^r 

•EXXnwr, «. T. A. 

'fi Tlariitnrrt ro^ia 
Tiy KaKay rniyi) irXoixrla 

9ipaw€ta riy KaKiy ! 
Zrqirat rtiy XattwpSy irou bpiyay 
Eit aiSyat riy aliyttr 

'Ev Tif liiff r£y rpatKvy. 
*EXAi|r(t tffviur 

Tbtop^y 
T>is iiuOtUu 
"At /uirj} V r'oy ixS/Ay. 

eHBAIOX 
'Ey 'A^v«i if itt' itwTtii$fim>, ^fmcff. 

Rouse, yc nobly sprun« Greeks '. Hasten, ye 

Souths, haviiig the gift and love of S(in«, quickly 
asten to the divine Parnassus, your country's 
heritage ! L.ct m Greeks raise a light, let us dis • 
perse the darkness of iguomnce. Ye Gods ! is 
there Ught from the eueniy ? 

Oh, frieiwie '. Greece, being raised CroU her 
present state, wiU pcFseveie fo her andew and 
axed happy fortuoe, vrhich wisdom alone gires; 
the whole of which glory taai/ she know I— Let 
u8 0rMks,<EC. 



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44 



THE LITERARY GAZ-ETTE; AND 



Oh, country, my dcare>t couuiry ! You, once 
the most powerful 'midnt nations, alas, to what 
WTetchedness has the tlcstnictive cloud of igiio- 
raooe reduced you '.—Let us, &c. 

But hope, do not tremble; be as yon once 
were, the mother of w'mdom-loviug Greeks. 
Alas, oh country ! noble in thy descent, calamity 
mihed on you, a degenerate race of men arose. 

Oh, A|)ollo '. libraries, the temples of wisdom, 
throwing light around.are avain raised. Oh, God 
of immortal glory, an evil change and bitter hate 
hare roused us.— Let us, &c. 

Oh, ye youths, hail the joy of your lioybood ! 
Bound ye over sea and land, rezardful of honour. 
Be vigilant, spurn laxurie:).— When Greece shall 
again arise, &c. 

Cilizeus and strangers' praise ye your country- 
men worthy of praise, — and the shades of your 
auctrstors, after so long a period of woe, will joy- 
ously exult. — Let us, &c. 

Ye virgins, loving your country, how your song 
emboldens and inflames the soul ! Ye Grecian 
women ! sing ye with one voice.— The boast of 
your country, &c. 

Now does Greece, not merelv bcantifiil, again 
appear great in the temple of Fortune. Can it, 
alas, be a phantasy? No'.— I clearly see a new 
world of light, &c. 

The Islanders, cunninj^ in all things, Corcy- 
rseans, Cpirots, Macedonians, Delpliians, tipar- 
tans and I'hebans, all living as brethren, &c. 

Templen, theatres, museums, porticoes, gar- 
dens,prytau!cums, which fascinate, delight, profit 
and teach the senses, glittering towards the 
heavens, and pruning away the ignorance of the 
mind ! — Let us, &c. 

And Melpomene, prone to blood, dwell with 
us in pity, not as a wounding sword ; and instead 
of causing evils, having tlirown off her mask, 
excite joyous laughter. — Let of, &c. 

Oh, Homer! mouth of the Muses and Graces, 
sing the valour of the uuconqiiered !— Oh, Pin- 
dar ! sound thy liarp, not the diviue Olympiad, 
glorify the strong! (athleta.)— Lctus, &c. 

Sing, oh Muse of Timothens! full of divine 
soog, and mistress of the passions, infuse life 
Into the m-irble statues, clothe them with the 
nature and mauner of hemes and sages, &c. 

I agiUo beheld the .strangers coming from all 
sides to our soil, cultivating indeed the arts, and 
admiring the structure of the temples,- &c. 

And all things most excellent, from pole to 
pole, from Peru to India, de-erting their own 
country, dwell collected in Greece-loving song. 

Oh,\Visdom ! celebrated by all —thou rich foun- 
(lUn of good, yet slave of evil, fix thy bright thi-one 
forever in the midst of the Greeks. 

Greeks! let us ral«e a light. I^tushoridown 
the darkness of ignorance. Boldly await the 
enemy! 



80NETT0 Dl ALFIERI.* 

Siena, 
Siena, dal roUe, ove torreggia, e siede, 
Vedm venir pel piano, afflitta, errante, 
Donna di gratioso alto sembiame, 
Che movea di ver' Amo ignuda il piede. 

Chi mai sard ? I'un savio all' akro chiede, 
Ma sia qual vuolsi, or con velosi pianto 
A incontrarta ciascuno esca festante 
Per far di nostra gentilexsa fede. 

En colei la Cortesia, che in bando 
Uscia di Flora, e al Tebro ime credea 
Forse non meglio I'orme sue drizzando. 

Ma de' Sanesi, il bel parlar le fea 
Fona cost, che non jpiu ionanai andando 
Tempio e culto fn Coro ebbe qual Dea. 

* An original and ioedited Souet,— £tf. 



8XBTOKB8 OF SOOIBTT. 

LETTBRS FROM PARIS. 

Parit, Jan. 9, 182S. 
The Album, a jonmal which appears six 
times per month, has lately had several of its 
back numbers seized, on account of articles 
written in opposition to some of the doctrines 
now proclaimed by the clergy. The editor.t 
have avenged themselves by an article full of 
wit and ridicule, in which all the Ministers 
are exhibited. I send it yon, not as a poli- 
tical, but a literary article ; as a specimen of 
the kind of attacks that the French are so 
pecniiarly qualified to make, and unable to 
support. 

" There is ranch noise abont some ano- 
nymous Etmrna (Christmas boxes,) which 
have been sent to various important per- 
sonages. AmonK different versions, we have 
collected the following. M. le Comte de Pey- 
romut (minister of justice) has received a poir 
of Kates vixWifidievel^i; also a note, inviting 
him to solve the tollowing problem : Are 
public morality and decency respected, when 
a man, elevated to a station of honour, and 
who ought to be a model of exemplary con- 
dnct, happens to be the kmband of hit t'uter-iti- 
laa, and the brather-in law of his wife ? (This is 
the case of M. P. to the scandal of all France.) 
M. le Due de Bellune, (war minister,) a re<;n 
un SoUil enuchant, after nature— (he had the 
name, in the army, of Bean Soleil ; and Napo- 
leon called him'Beihine.) M. le Comte de 
Corbiere, (minister of the interior) a copy of 
the Romance of Romagnesi: ' Je ne «ais 
plus ce que je veux.' 

" M. le Comte de Vilelle, called the Tmt- 
btuain, a penknife, [with unfeeling allusions 
to an event in this conntry, with which we 
will not stain our page:] (fliis' describes the 
rage of the war party, who want to get rid of 
M.V.) ■ 

" M. Fraysinons, a charming Bonnet de po- 
lice vert esperanee. (Vert it the colour of the 
pavilion Marsan.) 

" M. de L ■• — , (prefect) une petite Bastille 
en relief. Ce 6i>k sort, dit on, de I'attelier 
Franrhet, riie Vlvienne. (Franchet is at the 
head of the police of the minister of the inte- 
rior J and there is a Franchet, jeweller, rue 
Vivienne,who has lately fitted up a shop, such 
as there is not, perhaps, another in Europe : 
tesselated pavement — painted glass — bra»s, 
marble atid gold. See &c. enter into the com- 
position of this ridicnious boutiifne ) 

" M. le Due de Montmorency, le fable de 
Raton et Bertrand, (The monkey, and the 
cat who took the cfaesnuts out of the fire,) 
and a toe of bitter almonds. 

" M. le Viscomte de Chateaubriand, lee nou- 
vellet variations to the tune of 

' Oiu Braimait fen arrice : 
Joup, pion, pioH comme on attnpe fa.' 
(A common, vulgar sort of exclamation, de- 
risory.) 

" M. de CI. Tgnnere, (minister of the 
marine), une ancr« de misericorde, 

" M. de Ravez, the inevitable President, 
(of the Chamber of Deputies) un serpente a 
sonjutte (a rattle-snake). (Allusion to his 
ringing his bell, and imputed twisting to the 
interest of the minister for tlie time being.) 

" M. Marlinville, (editor of the Drapeau 
Blanc) un petit eoffret i soupape for the subscrip- 
tions of 1823. (M. M. received the subscrip- 
tions of the party for a monument to the Due 
de Berri, and the eoffret a soupape means that 
he will draw off for himself what he receives 
for the cause of royflism, The gronping 



M. M. with tlie ministers is considered one 
of the most cutting parts of the article, as he 
now abuses M. Vilelle most ontrageously.)" 
A very curious work has jnst appeared, 
entitled " Walk round the Worid, in 1817, 
1818, 1819 and 1820, in the corvettes of his 
Majesty L'l'Rmi«et La PAvHctmiUgCommanded 
by M. Freycinet." The work is in a series of 
letters, by M. Arago ; witii atlas and litho- 
graphied pictures and portraits. M. Arago 
is brother of the distinguished astronomer of 
that name, and displays very great talents. 
He went out as draftsman to tlie expedition, 
and set sail Sept. 1817. ' Si voalais voir,' he 
says, and nothing appears to have weakened 
this desire. 

M. A. visited Rio in 1817, and again in 
1820. In 1SI7 he was astonished at the in- 
dolence of the Braziliens, and their indiffe- 
rence to the arts and all the European dis- 
coveries. In 1820, he says, the conntry 
presented an aspect altogether different ; 
activity, enterprise, industry were every 
where evident. In 1817, he wn afflicted by 
the revolting cruelties committed by the Bra- 
ziliens on their unhappy slaves, and mentions 
several anecdotes, which guarantee the 
troth. " I saw, (says he,) two young ladies, 
whose countenances bespoke kindness and 
softness, amuse themselves by endeavouring 
to reach, with a long whip, the face of a 
Black, who was ordered to remain in an im- 
movable po.sition. They were exceedingly 
diverted. I would name them, were it not 
that their father, who entered during their 
game, reprimanded them severely for their 
crnelty." I will in another letter give several 
extracts from this very curious narrative. 

Jacques Favel, a new Romance in four vo- 
lumes, written by M. Droz, and M. L. B. Pi- 
card, Member of the Academy, is a gre^t 
favourite here. Though the work of two 
pens, tliere is no want of harmony, or rather 
unity. There are perhaps too many inci- 
dents, and some too improbable ; but the 
whole is interesting in an unnsnal degree. 
The story occurs in the reign of Louis xrv. 
Jacques Favel is a poor but active and honest 
lad from the country, finds a place with a 
rich manufacturer at Paris, and falls in love 
with Mad"' Dumansy, his master's daughter. 
His love is hopeless, because be is poor ; bat 
a calamity arrives— his master's establish- 
ment is burnt doivn, and his niin is complete. 
Jacques seizes the occasion, and determines 
to rebuild his fallen fortune, and cement 
with it his own bliss. After mnch trouble 
he obtains permission from M. de Colbert to 
attempt an establishment. All succeeds tohis 
wishe.s : his zeal and his intelligence prosprj-, 
and his gratefnl master gives him his beloved 
daughter. Jacques is on the pinnacle of 
happiness — but he is a Protestant. The Edict 
of Nantes is revoked, and with hundreds of 
thousands more he is obliged to emigrate. 
He finds an asylum near Berlin, at Lans- 
berg, but, like the Patriarch, he must have 
there a sepulchre, — his wife expires io his 
arms. Tlie whole tide of his affection now 
bears him towards his son, and he lives for 
him. After some time, a Catholic, drivea 
from Ireland by persecution, arrives with his 
family at Lansberg. Jacques becomes tlie 
protector and benefactor of the nnfortaoate 
Chervins, and the expatriated families are 
united by affection as well as destiny. Cher- 
vins has a daughter whom the yonng Favel 
adores. A friend, jealons of the preference 
he emoys, provokes a duel : — the provoker 
is kiUed ; and the young victor, torn with 



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JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



45 



shtfie and remorse, falh ill and dies. De- 
prived thns of all earthly comforts and ties, 
Jacqoes returns to his conntry, where milder 
liirs assnre bis safety, and at the end of foor 
years dies in peare. The peculiar Taloe of 
the Romance is in the delineation of the man- 
nerf of the times.' 

The resurrection-men will donbtless be 
thrown into great alarm, by the following di 
plomatic information, which I give you from 
the highast authority.— The surgeons, and lec- 
turers, and students of Londou,haveopened_a 
correspondence with the British Elmbassy, in 
the de«igu to negotiate with the French Go- 
vernment for tlie exportation of dead bodia, 
commonly called suhjau. They appeal to the 
desire of the French to promote the sciences 
—to the pecuniary interests of the Govern- 
ment, and plead the enormous expence and 
hazard of obtaining bodies in London. A sub- 
ject cost ISl. ISi. — and lately some stndents 
stealing, or to speak more technically, pro- 
caring some lately themselves in a church- 
yard, were so peppered in the legs with small 
shot, as to be nnable to get home, and unfit 
for serrice. I have seen the propositions in 
form. 



'WII.KIAN RECOLLECTIONS. 

[We were so pressed for room in our last 
Namber, as to be nnable to insert the whole 
paper, of which the following is the conclu- 
sion.] 

" Black is vrhite."— Mr. Wilkes had been 
expelled the House, and declared incapable 
of sitting in that Parliament, on account of 
the libel before mentioned. The Speaker 
was directed to issue his writ for a new elec- 
tion for Middlesex. The Opposition declared 
that the Parliament could not incapacitate, 
at least for the crime charged, nnd nomi- 
aaliid biin again, and gave him a great ma- 
jority. This return was declared illegal and 
void DO acconnt of their former vote. A new 
eleetMm took place, at which Colonel Lnttrell 
was nominated by the Court party, in opposi- 
tion to Wilkes, who again having a vast 
majority, the Sheriff made a special return, 
stating the numbers of the votes for each 
Candidate ; and the House in a Committee 
reaotved, that " H. L. Lottrell was duly re- 
tamed Member tor Middlesex," the votes 
tor Wilkes being regarded as having been 
given to a non-entity. In the Debate, the 
late C. J. Fox was very conspicuous, from bis 
load and vehement speeches in defence of 
the former resolution of the House. The 
wiu at the time said that the House had 
foand the majority of the votes were for 
Lnttrell by a new mode of addition ; thns : 

For Lnttrell 270 

For Wilkes' 3541 

a S 

7 5 

9 4 

1_ 

For Lnttrell, IH For Wilkes, 13 
I forget the numbers, but the above was the 
point of the wit. 

"Bill of Rights."— When Mr." Wnkes was 
expelled and incapacitated, the Patriots 
loudly exclaimed against it as illegal, and 
contrary to the Bill of Rights, which says, it 
seems, "Nullas liber boniodiBsesiaturvel,&c. 

nisi per pares." They accordingly formed 

themselves into a Society " for the Defence 
of the Bill of Rights; and having vindi- 
cated the Bill M far as they could, by axift 
gentleman (I believe a Ur. Byog) resisting 
payaeM of hU tpMn of laod-taz, and bringing 



his action in the King's Bench against the 
Collector for distraining for it, — contending 
that Mr. Wilkes, who had the majority ot 
votes, not being permitted to take his seat, 
the Parliament was incomplete, consequently 
incompetent to legislate. This defence, how- 
ever, was immediately set aside, and the 
cause stopped by the Judge (Lord Mans- 
field) before whom it should have been tried. 
They afterwards, at their stated meetinics, 
affected to receive and redress the com- 
plaints of any in wlwse persons the Bill had 
been violated, — giving doe notice of their 
meetings by placards : — 

" BILL OP RIGHTS. 

<■ Sir Francis piake Delaval [generally] in the 
Chair.— The next Meeting will be," &c. &c. 
This, as well as their Resolutions, were 
generally parodied," Bill of Riots, Sir Fran- 
cis Wronghead," &c. The Society continued 
some years, when it died through a very 
singnlarcircnmstancp: — A Robt. Morris, Esq. 
was Secretary about 1777-8 ; he addressed a 
public letter to the Society, stating his inten- 
tion of immediate resignation, owing (a very 
ui^mt primte buantt; and immediately went 
to the Continent, taking with him a child of 
twelve years old,, a natural danghter of the 
late Lord Baltimore, who liad left an im- 
mense fortune for her. To this child ( 
ward of Chancery) he procured himself to be 
married in Holland by n Lutheran clergy 
man, and afterwards at BrnsseU by a Catho- 
lic, in which persuasion the child had been 
educated. The turpitude of this action in 
censed all thinking men ; and by some means 
so considerable a part of the stigma was 
attached to the Society, that they fell in so 
much divgrace as prevented another Secre- 
tary being chosen, and, I believe, any more 
meetings, ntriess to make up accounts, and 
to prorogue themselves liw die. Whether the 
Constitutional, or any other Society, spnmg 
from their ashes, 1 do not know. With re- 
gard to Morris, Chancery was immediately 
applied to, and proceeded till he found they 
would soon go on to outlawry, when he re- 
turned, and was fined and imprisoned. The 
marriage was duly diKSolved. The lady was 
afterwards re-married to a Mr. Wyndham, of 
the Egremont family. 

Young Allen, the son of a cow-keeper, was 
shot in his father's cow-house by a parity of 
the Coldstream Guards by mistake, they 
being in pursuit of a fellow who had killed or 
grievously wounded a Guardsman, in one of 
the Wilkian riots, and who fled and hid him 
self in the cow-house, into which, in the 
mean time, young Ailed unhappily came. 
This regiment having, either throngh roatine 
of duty or some other cause, been fre- 
quently called out in these riots, became 
exceedingly odious to the Citizens, especially 
as they were mostly Seotclimen ; nor did they 
regain the public favour until the American 
War, in' which they were terribly cut up. 
About the time of the riots, a Scots seijeant 
of the regiment went into a public-house in 
the City, where he was so ill used by abuse 
and personal ill-treatment, that in the mo- 
ment of irritation he drew his sword, and run 
the landlord, who had been very prominent 
in the attack, through the body : the man 
died. The serjeant was tried, and convicted 
of manslaughter, for which he was burnt in 
the hand with a hot iron, roaring out to the 
executioner when he felt the smart, " Oh 

d — your biuid, yon »on of a d — Saxon ! " 

Alter this the regiment was kept on the west 
of Tenplc-bitf tiu tbey embarked for America. 



TKX SIUkMA. 

KiNC'a Theatre. — On Tuesday, La Gaaa 
Ladra was performed, in which the part of 
Qpttardo was played by a new actor, Signor 
Porto. His voice is a fine bass, of consi- 
derable compass and flexibility ; but his exe- 
cution seems unequal to his powers. The 
Dioertiaement was much applauded. 

Drcry Lane.— ^it^uita, from Paris, a sort 
of Melodrame, has been brought out here, 
and blamed by critics, not only for its native 
insipidity, but for its sin of importation. The 
latter offence may however be forgiven, since 
it is probable the French writer had the idea 
originally from London, and has only return- 
ed us our own manufactnre altered agreeably 
to the newest Parisian fashions. The Blind 
Girl was played at Drury Lane or Covent 
Garden (we forget which) twelve or fonrteen 
years ago, and thongh the plot turned on her 
being successfully couched, we remember 
that she did not retain her sight above one ' 
night or two. This affair took place in some - 
South Sea island, and perhaps the climate 
had an effect against the cure ; but even at 
home, where the operators are more skilful, 
we fear that Augusta cannot be expected long 
to preserve her vision, — no, not even so long - 
at puppies are blind, an ominous theatrical 
number of days. In plain terms, the drama 
is a dull and poor one, and so destitute of in- 
terest, that we wonder at its repetition after . 
the first performance. 

CovENT Oardkn.— On Wednesday, Mrs. 
Ogilvie, the lady of whom we spoke in onr 
last, underwent the fearful trial of a London 
debut before one of the most crowded houses 
of the season, in the difficult character of 
Catherine in Henry VIII. We are happy to 
say that the attempt was crowned with suc- 
cess, not only because It rewards the indivi- 
dual, but because it promises a line of cha- 
racters adequately sustained upon the stage, 
ta which the public have been for a Ibng time 
strangers. Making the needful allowances 
for the terrors of a first appearance (evi- 
dently never more needed than on this occa- 
sion,) Mrs. Ogilvie's performance was stamp- 
ed with all the higher requisites of tragedy. 
Her countenance is very fine, and displays 
much of the Siddonian cast upon the stage : 
her figure is also sufliciently dignified, and 
her whole deportment commanding. When 
we have added, that her voice is admirable, 
we have summed up all tlie extrinsic qualifi- 
catious of a first-rate actress, and all these 
she certainly possesses. Nor did her con- 
ception and delineation of the character 
shame this fair show. Except where agita- 
tion, as it seemed to ns, impaired her powers 
and impeded her exertions, she wat greatly 
effective ; and even where she failed in reach- 
ing the true point of excellence, it struck us 
that the defect was not languor but trepida- 
tion, not feebleness from the want of energy, 
but confusion from absolnte dismay. If we 
are right in this, her second appearance will, 
it is to be hoped, do more than confirm the 
hopes of her first. There are only two scenes 
in which it is possible to produce a strong 
sensation. In the trial scene, thoogli very 
finely done, there was a portion of that fear 
we have noticed, which diminished the gene- 
ral force, while passages of transcendent 
merit proved the capability of the performer. 
But her grand effort was in the embarrassing 
exit with which the part concludes : in this, 
the conflict of homan pride, generosity, 
affection, and feeling, with the strong arm of 



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46 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



death o'erinutering theip all, wai poor- 
trayed In a manner the most pathetic^ W« 
never >bw dignity of mind and natural suffer- 
ing more nobly repreieuted, ami tlic peals 
of applause wliicli f'ullowed, evinced that our 
sentiments were common to the audience. 
Of Mr. Maoready's Wolscy it is not easy to 
pronounce an un<|nestional)le opinion, he- 
cense so much depends on what may be the 
conception of the part. Some of the Journals, 
vre observe, giving bim fidl credit for the 
heart-rending pathos and vigour of bis acting 
atWr bis dotvnfall, seem to think that In the 
earlier scenes he was not sufficiently elate to 
exhibit his arrogance, and form a contrast to 
hit Luclfer-lllce decline. But, in opposition 
to this, it may fairly be stated, that to poor- 
tray Wolsey throughout with outward hnmi- 
11 ty and personal meekness, showing his 
pride only in the splendour of bis retinue and 
the magnificence otfais banquets. Is a portrait 
of a finer cast, and more true to nature and 
history. We grant, however, that it does 
not yield the contrast, which an inferior 
style of personation would readily afford. 
In the assniKption of age, In look and step, 
Mr. Macready was extraordinarily happy; 
and be gave the tellina paints of the dia- 
logue with prodigions effect. The other parts 
were ably filled. Mr. Kemble's Cromwell is 
a well known example of a slight character 
being made prominent by tbe talents of the 
peribrmor. Mr. Egerton's Henry was spi- 
rited and characteristic. Miss Foate's Ann 
Builen all that it can be, beantirul ; and 
Mrs. Davenport's old lady capital. Mr. Ab- 
bot gave the death of Buckingham its entire 
measure of touching interest ; and the splen- 
dour of tbe concluding act seemed to satisfy 
the audience for its want of other attractions. 



pouncs. 

Politics continue to occupy the Papers ; 
but facts stand still, or at least do not come 
on record. We have therefore no News, 



littrary Thfft. — We greatly regret to hear 
that some literary vulture has committed a 
then, which, unless tlie articles stolen shoqld 
be recovered, will he « serious loss to tbe 
leanied world, |>articularly to physicians and 
anatomists. Some person has lound meaus 
to purloin several iiiedited MSS. of the cele- 
brated Cotngno, lately deceased. Aiiiong 
them are his Notes on Celsus ; his Travels 
througli Italy and Germany ; bis Institutioiu 
of Anatomy, Pathology, and Nosologjr; a 
Treatise on the Disoiders of tbe Female Sex; 
tbe History of an Acephalus which lived 
ttvelve days; Observations on a Pigeon's 
Egg with another Egg inclosed in it. Also a 
precious collection of Observations, disposed 
like those of Morgagnl in bis work Ds caiuu 
ttiedibut merborum per AnaUmtn indagatit; and 
above all, a Didsertation De plau pleetiformi 
ttuTu huuuuuc, in wbicli he demonstrated how, 
by the accessoty nerve of Willis, maqy pbp- 
Doroena may be explained ; and how the 
affecllous and tbe heart are variously moved 
by tbe sound of certain instruments and par- 
ticular harmony.— (from (t« NapUt Gaietle.) 

TRACALA. — 'This word, often occurring in 
the newest Spanish revolutionary writings, 
is generally so erroneously interpreted and 
tranal#ted, that we must presume the true 
origin of it to be entirely unknewi) t« the 
jaarnali«a and politic4l writer*. It is 
m'^^f tr«B*l«|«il Sat, oc SiMUm 4^' MS 



the seate in which it is nsed la Spain 
cannot be dubious, as tbe cry of Traitala 
is ehiefly directed against the King and 
his brothers. But neither tbe Spanish, 
tbe Arable, nor any other lancaaae, hat a 
word wbieh can be translated by the abo«e 
expressions. The word is of Boman origin, 
and has an historical meaning. It it men- 
tioned by Sextos Anrelins Victor, as a nick- 
name given to the Emperor Constantine tbe 
Qreat. In tlia various editions it is written 
sometimes Tracala, and sometimes Trathalo. 
The learned, however, have always en- 
tertained different opinions respecting its 
derivation. According to some, it means 
Afurintte, or the Purpte Shell ; according to 
others, it was the name of • family of Armi- 
num, who were notoriont for their torcerjet, 
and who are also taientioned liy Valerius 
Maximus,lib. vii. e. 7. These divert opinions 
have been collected by Job. Mar. Suaret : 
de provarblo Tracbalae. Romae 1G67. We 
also find a great deal on tills word in a work 
where we should not look for it; Macri 
Hierolexieon s. Sacrum Dictionarium, Romae 
1077. f. p. Oil. seq. Thit nickname appears 
to have been retained in Spain, like many 
Roman customs, from ancieaf times, and has 
probably been long in nse. It seems at 
present to be equivalent to the Uiiniisur Vtta 
and tbe Madimt Vila of tbe year 1780-83 in 
France. That the word is written Trag^l^, 
arises from tbe Spanish orthography, and is 
even justified by Tracala and Tracbala. 

Samphire on Shtiusfettrt't Cliff. — A valuable 
Correspondent, remarking on our Review of 
tbe Caledonian Horticultural Tour last week, 
states, that some years ago, while strolling 
with a friend on that celebrated spot, they 
were surprised by tbe ludden appearance of 
a squalid figure, who bad jutt reached tbe 
top with a basket of tampbirs on his arm, 
which, be told tbemt be bad gathered in bis 
way up, and that he was in tha habitof doing 
so three times a week for hit wibtittence. 



RBMABKABLB STOBSI IN MORAVIA. 

On tbe 1st of September^ after a warm 
nigbt, tbe air early in the morning became 
very sultry, a stormy wind blowing from tbe 
south; and at two in tlie afternoon there 
was a tbunder-sturm over tbe whole provin<^. 
In West Moravia a dreadful fall of hail, 
especially in tbe lordships of Pirnilx and 
Trebitsch, where all the windows in the 
towns and villaget,facin| tbe nertb-west,were 
destroyed, and geese, towls, docVt. apd all 
kinds of tame and wild birds, and a great 
many bares, were killed. Some hailstones vere 
at large a* hens' eggs, others the tice of pine- 
cones. Thit hail-ttorm extended.witb mor« or 
less violence, over a tract of twelve leagoeti 
and a league in breadth. Then followed in- 
undations, and a dettroctlve tevpest from tbe 
west, which rooted up trees, and threw down 
whole tracts of forest ; the fruit-trees in par- 
ticular suffered severely. There was a tbun- 
der-ttorm, with torreutt of rain and hail, at 
Iglau about half-past one, at NeQst«dteii at 
two, at Cywanowiti at five. At Spacben- 
dorff, thunder, with torreatt of rain, apd » 
terrible hurricane. On tbe tame day (IttSept.) 
in the forenoon, there was a thnnder-storm 
near Dresden, with a water-tpoat, apd de- 
itructive innndationa. On tw IVIlt of Sep- 
tember, in the eveniugt a very ramarkabis 
thnnder-ttorm, with nofa lighUiiag than «t 
any other period of th*vBar» pettad fr«*t VMt 
to east over all Moravia. It raaduMl I^« 
^t taUTyoH lis *Mk vilk iMwqr njll «t 



eight it pasted a«me leagnet to the north *f 
Qrann, with incBtsaRt vivid ligbtaiag and 
rolling thunder. In the moontaint it barit 
forth with tremendont fury, and at half-put 
ten reached Trappau,'near which plac* the 
lightning set fire to tome bolldingt. Thai it 
passed from tbe meridian of Braun to Trap- 
pau, nearly fifteen Qerroan mile* (tcvesty 
English) in a direct line, in 0/4 of an boori 
that is, a German mile and three quarters, 
or 6466 Vienna toiset, in a quarter of aa 
hour, or 444 toises in a minnte. Its coarse 
from BmuB was observed for three Itoars 
and a half. At a quarter before eleven, 
when it wat ov«r Troppan, tbe thauder- 
cloud, which poured out incetsant flashes 
of lightning, was observed at tbe elevatioa 
of twelve to fifteen degree* above the kori- 
am of Briinn to tbe NE. It lightened, with- 
out intermission, far to tb« NE. till balf-past 
eleven o'clock, whan it was already beyond 
tbe Oder near Batibor. perhaps about Olei- 
wits, Tarnowitx, and Bleutben, or perhaps a 
little more to tlia south. It were to be 
wished that, similar obsertationa npon sne)i 
thundsr-doadt, whoso progrett conid In fol- 
lowed for a considerable time, might be mjidt 
4nd eooimunioated to the public. 



LUt of gaokt tubierUied tbiee Jan. 10.— Oris- 
ool's views of Ireland, 2 vols. Hvq. U. 4».— Wes- 
tall'tlUustrations to Moore's Lioves of tlieAncrIt, 
8vo. .St.— Ditto, 4to. Freuch proofe, lOs. W — 
Ditto dhto, India proo6, 1^.— Brlated't Angll- 
ean and Anglo-American Churches, Svo. 10s. lid. ' 
— Arsgos' Narrative of FrvfCluet'aVayagB,4lo. 
M. i.U. <tf. -Village Chutcb, 2 vols, tttmo. 4<. 
half-tKiuud.— Live and Learn, a Novel, 4 vols. 
t2mo. U.4«.— Kitchener's ^ural Hambler, 12mo, 
4(. — Relks of Literature, by S. Collet, A..M. 
8ro. 1S«.— Topographical Dictionary of York- 
sbh'e, 8vo. 13(.— Wukkison's fnapiratioa of the 
Scriptures, 8vo.6«. 



ss^ 



^BSB^^iBpa 



immonMounak «abx«. 



Tkernumtltr. Barmunr. 
flrem SO to 40 S»-6S te S»fr 
from M to 4« asrs to 9»-TS 
from ts to 41 MM to 9»'«r 
from M to 41 99-77 to MM 
from 3t te 48 M-79 toM-tt 
from 8(3 to 4S M-QS to SOW 
from 38 to SO 90-0* to S004 
Prerailbig winds E. and NB. Generally clondy. 
Rain on Saturday evening and on Sunday. 
Raiu fallen ,6 of an Inch 



JANUARY. 

Thursday . . . 

Friday 

Saturday . . . 
Snnday .... 
Monday.. .. 
Tuesday . . . 
Wednesday 



Thursday , . 


. e 


Friday 


.10 


Saturday... 


.11 


Sunday . , . . 


. IB 


Monday .. . 


• IS 


Tuesday ... 


■ 14 


Wednesday 





from as to SS 
from as to St 
from 84 to 81 



from 81 to SO ag-81 te SO-74 
from >8 to SO 8968 to aOSl 
from IS toB« 80-40 «o 80-44 
from ao to 37 30 30 to 20-34 

Prevailing wind NE.— The weathei- alternately 
clear and cloudy.— Snowing all Wed. morning. 
EdMoatiiii. John ADA)(t. 



80-88 to 80-84 
80-78 t« SO-77 
8e>78 to «>«< 



il^«« 



Wl 



TO oq»ita8»oin>Bir*'> 

f. T* VetKr it no a subjcel with which we csmot 
neUI*. — To InveiUgate th« ori|^n gf ««H wouM be * 
coatlnaitlan of it In tta* Ulcrory Oawtts. 

£7>Ws hsn thiswuk sanillmd'scmml latMcstia* 
papcn t9 a lou Bsriew at tb* obicf Boveliv af Uis 
day— P<v<ri( ^tkt Ptak : not yelp^blliDBf in LiHidoo. 
Our n«x( will conlsln thne postponed ortieies, ioelal- 
\M% aa Aoaoaat, by an sjr^-wlMMi, of the late terrible 
Bra|t)«as af Vesaviat i a v»n f i|li«as DtteriaUoo «f 
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SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1823. 



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vrMit tf^ m Vrnfoge rotaui the World, in 
At Urwmie «m Pht/ticietme Corvettes, 
iM«ii«rfnf iy Captain Freveinet. In a 
Boies of Liters, Sec. By J. Arago, 
Dnfoaao to the Expedition, &c. &c. 
4tD. fp. Mt. London t833. Treuttel, 
Wiirb, k. Co. 

pe liiMW i* too large aad too bte in the 
Kk ta ycnMt of oar doinf iBBob more with 
itia atlieiaf ita appearance, and giving a 
^daea ar two of it* conteiita. It U in the 
iktuFicadi style— ranta«tie,MlitiBMntal, 
ilckw*ciariitic. After doahUsg the Cape, 
i raitiii the I«l« or France, the vojragen 
4S injl arrived at Eadnebt* I«mI, the 
wiawU «r P^roo, oa the We$ Coat t of 
Itw H i fc a i . where thqr laaded, and we 
i< tWMtowiag detaUa— 

• • * la the •wtalmg «e aachorad two 
ipai fraa the ihene, in eleven fathonu 
Iter, OB a hattMB afaaad and broken ibellt. 
fr wt ig Mni HHaiier of whales were (port' 
I M the waTca, approaching the vetael, 
kkk thiy Mawtimes ktmck with their 
imMi taib, and spouting into the air 
riibM jeu of water that reflected the co- 
in M' the rainbow. Several raonstroui 
liib Kkewis* followed, in a constant and 
iphr conrte, the light trade of the s^p ; 
pBhi few turtle of prodigious sixe seemed, 
irtrirliird ihrll. trhritii Ihii 1111111111 
MifUieBMStvocacionsoffiiJi.'' - - . 

• • " The savages had been presented with 
(ddans of glass beads, loolung-glasses, and 
Uietaives: they had sent clubs and assa- 
pgn ; sad lUs species of barter appeared to 
lutt thea raach. One. of my friends, 

I UsB, aiide them a present o^ a pair, of 
n»tn:thrse they tore to piece «, and shared 
ie ftipwats. lliey obstinately refased to 
Hak MOM wine and water which was pnt 
itotkontt; and rubbed their bodies with 
pcM ofbicoo, which a sailor had bartered 

I I laill dob. But what they appeared 
Ml to idiaire was a plate of tin, which they 
•adtii from one to another, ami which was 
llimttly kept by the oldest of the troop. 
Ul Aeie exchanges were made with a ccr- 
■ia nditrast oa the part of the savages : they 
nicked <u as daagerons enemies, and were 
MUBoaUy painting to the sh^>, exclaiming, 
ivhdi, tfirkaiU, (Go away, go away.) 

" DearoM, however, of knowing whether 
Ikn were destitute of fresh water, as we 
fpueA, I fixed tlieir attentioD by some 
puro, sad pretended to drink some sea- 
nter Mt of the hollow of my hand. They 
i<Mt appear to be snrprised at it, and 
■racd ■• signs of aversion, though I am 
anaia they imderstood me. 

"Tkeywere divided into three bands. 
ne&it(I aeaa the boldest) bad come down 
<> tkc dure, and by degrees had approached 
^ikia a few paces of ' us : two of these only 
n' loaiear^ beards; the others appeared 
"T r«iH. The second remained on a hil- 
Kkst vUtouad, better thau aqoarterof 



a mile from ns ; and ^e third, in which we 
perceived a woman, was on the summit of 
the hill above our heads. The savages on 
the shore scarcely allowed us to approach 
them pretty near, except for a few moments : 
they abd with astonisbing rapidity when we 
attempted to go close to Aem ; yet I wished 
to ascertain the character of their physi- 
ognomy, and of the diSbrent mark* on their 
bodies, to be enabled to Impart more truth to 
my drawings. I thought, therefore, I shonld 
succeed better by endeavonring to accost 
those who were above our heads ; and a still 
more cogent reason determined me to take 
this step. I had already remarked, that 
previous to their making certain movements, 
the savages, who seemed disposed to attack 
as, frequentlv turned their ^e* toward an old 
man, painted with stripes of varloas colours, 
who seemed to give them orders, and was 
distinguished from the rest by a sliell hang- 
ing to lUs girdle, and covering his navel. 
This old man, towardu whom I directed my 
steps, making fi-iendly figns, end crying 
layo, held nnder his arm an animal rexem- 
Uing a little lion-dog, painted red. The 
woman was near him, and carried an infant 
seated on her hips, supporting him with her 
band, or with a giriile of hair. When I was 
pretty near, she retired behind some shmbt, 
not out of modesty, or to avoid my looks 
(she was perfectly naked,) but because she 
appeased Ie be airaid. In v»in did-fihew the' 
old man a wWlp hMdlnrnhlnf, «a4 make mo- 
tions a* iff woaTd throw-It, In order to give It 
him ; he still preserved the most immovalife 
stillness. At last I/ecoUeeted that I.had a 
pair of cutanpts in my pocket, and preMm- 
ing that the sound might please them,' by 
playing a sort of tune on tnem, I began to 
rattle them briskly. Judge of my pleasure: 
the old matt rote with astonishment, and, 
withont quitting bis weapons or his little 
animal, felt to dancing in such a grotesque 
manner that we were ready to die with 
laughing. Some of the savages of the first 
band, Allowing his example, danced also; 
while one of them, sitting on his heels, beat 
on an assagay with two little clubs, without 
keeping time, or seeming to regard it. I held 
out my castanets to the oM man, and anr- 
prised, no doubt, that so small an instmment 
should make so much noise, be showed me, 
as if to induce me to barter, the animal of 
which he appeared so fond ; giving me to 
understand, that he would leave his present 
un the hill, near a shrub which he pointed 
out, after I should have deposited mine there. 
But I was not to be duped by his offer; I 
knew already how little dependence was to 
be placed on the engagement* whidi they 
appeared to contract. Several of onr people 
had been deceived by thdr emp^ promises, 
and had found nothing in the plaOe* where 
they had led us to expect they would leave 
some article." - - - 

" The sun sets : every fliing is dead. The 
myriads of flies that devoured ns have dis- 
appeared ; DO insect winp throagii tb6 air ; 



no voice disturbs the silence of this melan- 
ehoFy sotitade; a sharp cold benumbs the 
limlM. — ^Tlie sun re-appears : the air is again 
peopled ; a consuming heat oppresses ns ; 
we seek repose, and find nothing but fa- 
tigne. What a frightful abode ! . . ." 

They try Ux cultivate an intercourse with 
the natives in vain: — . . « These poor 
wretches appeared to be more alarmed than 
pleased at our arrival. Messrs. B^rard and 
keqnin joiiied me in requesting permission to 
ascend the down on which they were posted ; 
and there we made our exchanges, or rather 
offered them presents. M. Requio even un- 
dressed himself, to remove from them every 
fear; but this mark of courage and confi- 
dence led to no result. They sent us witli 
wonderful address, and torniug round, a club 
badly made ; a very dirty fan ; some casso- 
wary's feathers ; two bladders painted red, 
filled with very fine down, with which, I sup- 
pose, they paint their bodies ; and an assa- 
gay of bard wood, six feet long, and not over 
sliarp. After onr barter, we pretended to fol- 
low them, in order to try their courage ; when 
they disappeared with astonishing swiftness. 

"But from, the height which we had as- 
cended we discovered an immense tract of 
level ground, sandy and barren, resembling 
a smooth and mistr sea at a distance, litis 
tract was only Itroken by a lake two short 
leagues off, stretching in the direction of the 
coast of the peainsi^B, where was our first 
canuD, and on its border we distinguished a 
greft deal ef SHMke. teaMHately ear plan 
wu fixed; and, aeeempanied by a servant 
armed like ourselves, ve ^rotieeded toward, 
tlie spot, where we supposed the savages had 
fixed their habitation. The heat was suffo- 
cating, and we were without water : but we 
reckoned upon returning soon, or finding 
some in the interior; for how could we sup- 
pose that the savages had settled in a place 
wholly destitute ot it? Alas! our expecta- 
tions were balked: every where prerailed 
the same frightful sterility. It appeared, 
that these poor creatures saw ns at a dis- 
tance, for we sought their hots in vain ; and 
merely observed here and there some mark* 
of fires recently extingnished, withont finding 
a single tree, a single shrub, a single stream- 
let of water, where the wretched inhabitant 
could quench his thirst, or the traveller shel- 
ter himself from the acorching sun. 

'* Of five lakes we p^sed, three were dried 
up. The ground i* every where sandy, red 
in some places, covered with little shells, 
and encumbered with parasite brambles, the 
bark of which appeared te have been de- 
stroyed by the heat and age. We noticed 
•onto footstep* of aaimals unknown to n* ; 
and in the space of six leagues '«aw only a 
single kangaroo. At length we reamed by 
the Bay of Seals, where we saw a pitMVglan* 
number of those animals, which contended, 
no doabt, with clouds of pelicans assembled ' 
at the aoath point of the cove, for the sove- 
reignty of the place, which I yield to tbem 
witti aU my heart." 



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diftci cut excursions on the peninsula, witliout 
seeing any, and witliout (indinf; a single rivu- 
let of iVesli water. It is to be presumed, 
tlieretore, that tlicsc poor people drink only 
salt water, and live wholly on tisli, shell lish, 
and a kind of pulse resembling our French 
beans, lliat is met with here and there in the 
interior of the country." 

- - " M'c proceeded dirertly toward some 
moderately hijjh downs, which we perceived 
about two leagues from us, and which we 
found it diflicult to reach, uu acconut of the 
numberless sinuosities of the lake in all di- 
rections. As soon as we had ascended the 
hiiihe.st, we dischar^ied our pieces, and were 
answered by a prodigious number of birds, 
in plumage resembling our ducks, and in 
voice our ravens." - - - 

" Ituring this little excursion, too, wc saw 
one of those holes, mentioned by Viron in his 
Voyage to the Austral Countries, in which 
he supposes the savages dwell. For my 
part, I do not think so. The opening 'n 
round ; it is about four or five feet In diame- 
ter ; the depth is seven or eight feet, and 
l>erpendicular. At the bottom is a circular 
bench, on which there were still some dry 
leaves ; it was two feet high, and I remarked 
near it a little earth, which appeared to have 
recently fallen there. I suppose the savages 
to ascend, place their feet at the extremities 
of the diameters of the pit, in the same w.iy 
as our little chimney-sweepers. Supposing 
M. P^'ron to be right in his conjecture, \ 
should like to know how the savages protect 
themselves against the rain, in a hole with so 
large an aperture, as I do not perceive any 
means they would have for closing it, unless 
we ascribe to these poor creatures a degree 
of industry, of which Ihey appear totally 
destitute, looking merely at their weapons 
and wretched huts. — ^This pit, covered with a 
little earth and a few branches, was proba- 
bly dug to catch some wild beast; thi<i opi- 
nion at least appears to me the most plau- 
sible." - - - 

"They are of a middling stature; their 
skin is as black as ebony ; their eyes are 
small and lively ; they have a broad fore- 
head, flat nose, large mouth, thick lips, and 
white teeth ; their breast is tolerably broad, 
and covered, as well as the belly, with little 
incisions ; their extremities are slender ; 
their motions quick aud numerous ; their ges- 
tures rapid ; their weapons not very danger- 
ous ; their agility is surprising ; their lan- 
guage noisy. Some of them are tatooed 
with red. The woman we saw had her fore- 
head tatooed. A shell hanging from the 
girdle appeared to me to distinguish the chief 
of the troop, supposing it to pay obedience 
to any other chief than nature." 
(To bt continued.) 



(iiately rewarded by great aod paMlonate 
opidarity. Encouraged hy thi» tncceu, 
Ir. Thomson has not relaxed in hit course; 
but has rather increased the obliK»t>00a of 
his country by producing tlli( new edition 
" in a smaller and cheaper form," certainly 
calculated for even a wider circalatiOn, aiiq 
enriched by many admirable poetical and 
musical additions. 

We have now before us tltf 1st, 2d, and 
nil Volumes of this collection (tlie Sd has 
not reached us, and wc do not Itnow that the 
5th has yet been published,) and shall endea- 
vour to render an account of some of their 
attractions. But previous to entering npon 
the subject of Song, we beg to say something 
on the Preface and very excellent Difiserta- 
tion which lead in the first Tolnme. In the 
former, Mr. Thomson enumerates tbesonrces 
explored for the simple and pure melodies of 
his native land ; justly congratulates himself 
on his good fortune in enlisting ronslcal ta- 
lents of so high an order as those employed 
on the work, especially iii Haydn, who de- 
voted three years to the characteristic and 
dcliglitful symphonies, of which he composed 
about one half; and, lastly, states tl^e names 
of the distinguished bards who, after Bums, 
poured their contributions into his splendid 
store, among whom we recognize Scott, 
Campbell, J. Baillic, airs. Grant,' Sir A. Bos- 
well, Mrs. J. Hunter, aud W. Smyth, besides 
selections from liamsay, Thomson, Smollett, 
Hamilton, Macneil, Hog;, &c. &C. 

The Dissertation on Scottish Mntic is a 
most able and entertaining essay. It points 
out the essential difference between the melo- 
dies of the Highlands and Lowlands ; and 
goes into au interesting inquiry Into tlie style 
of the latter. The Scottish national scale of 
music is the modern diatonic scale, divested 
of the fourth aud seventh : thus 



The Select Melodies vf Scotland, interspersed 
Willi those of Ireland and Wales, united 
to the Songs of R. Burns, Sir W. Scott, 
£)C. 4r- II iM Sj/inphontes and Accompani- 
ments Jor the Vuino Forte, hy Pleyet, Ko:e- 
luch, Huydii, and Beethoven, 'ilie wljole 
collected ih 5 vols. By George Tliom- 
son, F.A.S. Edinburgh. 
The beauties of this collection in its original 
folio size have long been known and appre- 
ciated by the public. To poetry of the 
highest lyrical class, music the most appro- 
priate was adapted or composed; and the 
unioTi, as might be anticipated, was imme- 




which it is impossible to hear without feeling 
how entirely it possesses the character oT 
Scottish melody, and is the foundation of all 
the ancient airs. It would carry ns too far 
to follow tlie author into his details ; snfiice 
it to observe, that he notices tlie variations 
of the above scale as well as its improve- 
ments ; denies that Eiizzio composed any of 
the Scottish airs, and ascribes the sweet 
pastoral music of the Lowlands to tlie shep- 
herds and peasantry of Tweedside. On tliese 
points we extract a few passages, beginning 
with an anecdote. 

- - " It is (says Mr. T.) very possible for a 
modern composer, who is acqoainted with tlie 
peculiar character of our melodies, to imitate 
them very exactly. Thus, (he '. Banks and 
Braes of Bonny Doon ' was composed by a 
gentleman of Kdinburgh, who had been jocu- 
larly told that a Scottish air conid be pro- 
duced by merely running the fingers oTer the 
black keys of a piano-forte, wliich give pre- 
cisely the progression of the national scale. 
U is certain, however, that fbe imitators of 
Scottish airs have never been sufficiently 
aware of the properties of this scale ; ana 
therefore their productions, thoifgh often 
pretty, and sometimes toleri^bly Scottish ioi 
their style, can, in gencral,bepasi^ detected, 
from their containing notes, essential to ^e 
melodv, which do not bclpn{[ to the oationaj 
scale.'' ' '■! 



me commanity ot certain airs to Sea 
and Ireland is thiu naturally iccounte^ 

"Some airt, indeed, are claimed by 
conntries ; but, by means of the barpa 
pipers, who used to wander throogh tU 
particntar airs might become so roiniiS 
iioth, a* to make jt qaestioqable which i 
conntries {rave tbem birth. - • - J 
' -"The mntical compo sit lo M of the t 
tribes (we do not refer to the ^ t^oJ 
were cbtefly marches, pibrocbs, laraenu 
complicated in their structure, and of 1 
like character ; while the Lowland mnjj 
the contrary, co^nsist^d of little siB|ipl«j 
dies of the most artless cast, adapted of 
to express the feelings of indiTidiial>,-j 
hopes, their loves, tfieir joys, or their j 
It baa already been shewn, that, froi} 
conformity to that scale which is natd 
the human voice in an tmcnltivated stal 
greater part of ihem must have orig 
at a period anterior to the introdiid 
any tolerable instrnmental ransic ; ani 
seqnently, before the existence of thatj 
of men with whom Dr. FnmkHn so 
them to bare originiited. 

" While we, therefore, are very mi^ 
cHned to beDeve, with Mr. RitsOn al 
B*attie,tfaat the Lowland melodies ori|J 
among the pastoral inhabitants of thtfj 
^ry ; yet we are alto disposed to thin 
many of the more artificial and lets i 
melodies may hive been produced 
minitrels or faarpersf — and thus far od 
we agree with Dr. Franklin. It may j 
much, perhaps, to assign the hoiwnr I 
shepherds and milkmaMs in the disti 
the Tweed, to the exclusion of other c 
andotlie|- districts; yet it must be confe, 
that the names of a number of the meti 
and songs, snch as Tweedside, Braes of 
row, Ettriek Banks, Broom of Cowdenka 
Oaia Water, Ac. give a fair colonr foi 
local preference. What a highly faro 
district then i« that of the Tweed an 
tributary streams, tf It produced our 
ancient airt and balladi ; while In our 
day, it has given birth to that migbtv m 
of the lyre, whose transcendent genius 
mands universal homage wherever our 
goage is known, from the Tweed t 
Orcades, and fVom the Missisippi t( 
Ganges I " 

The following information it cnriona : 

<* In the Preface to a small volnme of S 
tnal Songs, called 'TheSatntt' Recrea 
published at ^inbnrgh in 168S, con 
by Mr. William Ocddes, minister of tb« 

gel, we are told, that < grave mad zc 
livines in the kingdom have composed 
Songs to the tunes of ^uefa old totfgs as \ 
— T*« hiimy broom — ru nntr Una tht— 
aUgopuU ilu hadder; and such like.' 
Oeddes proceeds to speak of the tin 
mg^iettl, and, after reprnbating the dia 
amomuf urnnett to which they were anng, 
gests the probid>iUty of their having for 
been connected with spiritnat hymni 
tonga. There it a lingular little Work, 
first appeared before the end of the 16t 
tury , a tiew edition of which was pnblitli 
Andrew Hart, Edinburgh, ih 16SI, ■■ 
published by A. Ckinstable, Edinbori 
1801, entitled 'Ane compendioas Bo« 
Oodly and Spirltnall Songs, collectit < 
inndrie parts of the Smpture, 'witb 
drie of other Ballatps, changed ont oi 
phalne Sanges, for avoyding of Sii 
Harlotriil,' «ec. In this we find a nam 
puritanical Thaptodiet, aeveral df < 




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JOURNAL OF THB BELLES LETTftBS. 



61 



^oik flie lliVFIHes, and firom the measarein 
whiA thty ate writtea, mm applicable to 
partiealar 8«otti(h tnoes. One of theie 
godly long! b^Ut iu the veiy words of a well 
kaowa «ld Scottish one via. 
Johne cum kk me now. The tord thy God I am, 
Johaf com kit me now, That Johne dots the call 
Johnc mm kis me now, Johne represents man 
And make no more adow. By grace celesciatl. 
AMtber of tbe godly Songs begin* thus : 
H«y BOW the day dallis. Now wealth on our wallis. 
Now Christ OB ns caUis, AppearU anone, tte. 
IK* exactly suits the tune, Hey tuttt taili, 
whieb naed to be Song to words besinning, 
* tiitidlady count the lawin, tkt day it near the 
J&mbi.' And there is every probability of its 
h^ng the same with TktJoUy dat/ now dawit, 
BCBtioiKd by Oawitt DongUs in the last pro- 
lagae t* kit translation of Virgil, written in 
ISU; and 41so by the poet Danbar, who, 
addressiog the merchants ofRdtnhnrgh, says, 
Your common Menstrals hes no tone 
Bat ^v the day dawit — and Into Joun. 
Thai, Whatever may be thought of the tradi- 
tioa, that Hty (uitt tmti was Robert Brace's 
ntarek at the battle of Bannockbnra in I3I4, 
it appeara to be one of the oldest Scottish 
taaea coaceming which wo have any written 
etidence. There is a third godly Soog in. the 
aaate pahticatioB, beginning- 
Till oar Godenun, till our Guderaaa, 
Keep ftith and lore till aur Oudamaii, 
For our Gndaman in hevio does reigne, 
la gloM and Uiae without ending, &c. 
IMa is perfectly adapted to the well known 
tane, called (mrrudemoH, or, TktaiM giuU- 
•«a ; it la probable, therefore, that the tatter 
was atoatlier of tlie popnlar Scottish tnnes 
Mfeeo'tke Compeadioas Book was pablished. 
" There is a, tradition, that John Andenm my 
j> — M^nte laudn' — Xiiid Rotiii bet nu— and 
s al e rafcr fiiTonrite Scottish airs, were oH 
gfaiaHy attached to hymns in the £atta ser- 
Tlee. Bat Mr. Sitson shews the absurdity of 
thiahlea. - • • 

'*Tke Oipkruf CoJabmta seems to have been 
the earliest Collection in which the favonrite 
Scottiab Airs appeared in conjnnction with 
the Songs. It was published abont the year 
ins, a^ W. Thomson, London, who repnl)- 
Qsfced {^ and addedaiecond Toliime, in 17SS. 
** The Tea-iaUr MUeMmy, publ&hed by the 
calebnted Allan Ramsay, in 17S4, tras the 
tirat |e>t«r*l CollectioD ia which the admired 
Seatmtl Songs appeared wttliout the Airs, 
thMsk tbe poet had bronght forward a tmatter 
g a Mlc atioaof the Songs some years before." 
The aUe of the new edition (s very conve- 
■ie&t, aad yet large enongli itir distinctness. 
^'Bohis' »OBgs, above lOO, are in the col- 
hacdM; aad fifty original and charming n^elo- 
4ha aad saogs have been added since the 
MM yiMieaUoo.' It is thus every way a 
i iA tmA as migbt be highly estimated on 
tteMaeiple laid down by Dr. Bnmey, vie. 
ttM*'itaba«ki be a prinr-ipal object ot man- 
klal t* attach the fair sex by every means 
<a wade, a« tt is the only amusement that 
■■lyte enjoyed to excess, and the heart still 
rcada Tutuoos and ancormpt'* It seems 
CB tova been the great object of the editor 
of w pobRcatiofl to heighten and refine that 
lent ; and aecbrdiogly, amidst all the 
of admirable songs which these vo- 
contain, whether of the plaintive, ama- 
UMy, gay, or humorous ctass, not one iHII 
!>• fJMM oAnsHe to the purest mind, or in 
iK|^ at defpee iaimfeftl to female dc 



llcacy. To illustrate this great commenda- 
tion, we shall present onr readers with a few 
specimens of the novelties here introduced 
We begin with an original of the immortal 
Bnms; 

Bonny wee thing, canny wee thin{. 
Lovely wee thinE,wert thou mine 
I would wear thee m my bosom. 

Lest my jewel I should tine. 
WisiifuIIy I look and languish 
In that bonny (ace of Oiine, 
And my heart It stounds with anguidi. 

Lest my wee thing be not mine. 
Bonny we thing, canny wee thing, 

Lovely wee thing, were thou mue 
I would wear thee in ray bosom, 
Lest my jewel I should tine. 
Wit, and gra:e, and love, and beauty. 

In one comtellation shine ; 
To adore thee is my duty. 
Goddess tJ this soul of mine. 
To follow this simple song we take one by 
tbe living ornament ofScotlaod, Sir M^. Scott. 
Nera'i Vow, 
Hear what Highland Nora said : 
■* Tbe Earlic's son I will not wed. 
Should sll the race of Nature die. 
And none be left but he tnd I. 
For all the gold, for all the gear. 
And all the lancb both far and near. 
That ever valour lost or woo, 
I would not wed the Esrlie's son." 
■ A maiden's vows, fold Galium spoke,) 
Are lightly made and lightly broke ; 
The heather on the mountain's height 
Begins to bloom in p\irple light ; 
The frost-wind soon shall sweep away 
That lustre deep from glen and brae ; 
Yet, Nora, ere its bloom be gone. 
May blithely wed the Earfie's son.' 
" The swan," she said, " the lake's clear breast 
May baner ibr the eagle's neat ; 
The Awe's Serce stream may backward tuns, 
B«n-Cnuchan hU, and crush Kilchum. 
Our kilted cUni^ when blood is high. 
Before their foes may turn and fly ; 
But I, were all these marvels done. 
Would never wed the EasUe's soa. 
Still m the water-lily's shade 
Her woosed nesi the wild swan made, 
Ben-Crnadian stands as last as ever, 
S((U downward fooms the Awe's fierce river •, 
To shun the dash of foeman's steel. 
No highland brogue has tum'd the heel ! 
But Nora's heart is lost and won, 
— She's wedded to the Esrlie's soa ! ' < ' 
In the second volume we Shi a pretty.^.' 
scriptlve baltAd to the atr Utely rendered M 
popular by Miss Stephens, ** O Charlie is 
Biy darlingi" 

Twas on a Monday ntoming. 

When birds were singuig dear, 
That Charlie to the HiglUands came. 
The gaUant Chevalier. 
O Charlie is my darliiic. 

My darling, my darling, 
O Cliarlie is my darling. 

The young Chevalier. , 

When Cbaiiis to Olenfiaoia canaa. 

To chase the hatt and kind, 
O many chief hb bnmer braid 

Wu waving in the wind. — Charlie, tfc. ■ 
They wou'dna bide to chase the roes, t 

Or start the mountain deer, •>'< ° 

But iff they marchM wl' Chailie, 
The gallint ChevaUer.— O CKarfi«k4'-' 



Now up the wild Gtenevis, 
• Abd down by Lochy side; 
Young Malcolm leaves his ahealing, 

And Donald leaves his bride. — Charlie, 4<. 
Out o'er the rocky mountain. 

And down the primrose glen. 
Of naething else our lasses sing, 

But Charlie and bis men. — O Charlie, l(e. 
When Charlie to Dunedin came, — 

In haste to Holyrood 
Came many a fair and stately dame. 

Of noble name and blood.— Charlie, fy. 
They proudly wore the milk-white ro>e 

For lilm they lo'ed sae dear. 
And gied their sons to Charlie, 

The young Chevalier. — Charlie, iff. 
And many a gallant Scottish chief 

Csme round their Prince to cheer. 
For Charlie was thsir dariing. 

The youag Chevalier. — Citarlis, tie. 
And when they feasted in the ha'. 

Each loyal heart was gay. 
And ay where Charlie cast his een 

They shed a kindly ray. — Ckarlie, l(c 
Around our Scottish thistle's head 

There's many a pointed spear. 
And many a sward shsU wave around 

Our young Chevalier.— O CKer^, Ite. 
The following words by Mr. J. Richardson, 
to tbi! well-known tune of " Fy gar rub h(r 
o'er wi strae," are elegant and fiHcible: 

O Nancy wilt thou kave the town. 

And go with me where Nature dwells ; 

I'll lead thee to a fairer scene 

Than pii'mcr feigns, or poet tells. 

Ill spring, III place the snow -drop fair 

Upon' thy fairer, sweeter breast ; 

With lovely roses round thy head • 

At summer eve sbslt thou be drest. 

In autumn when the rustling leaf 

Shsll warn us of the parting year, 

I'll lead thee to yon woody glen. 

The redbreast's cv'ning song to hear, 
nd when the winter's dreary night 
Forbids us leave our shelter'd cot. 
Then in the treasure of thy mind 
Shall Nature's charms be all forgot. 
' Fronr the third volume we take, though it 
is in tbe fbllo, " Old and Kem Tana," by Sh- 
A. Boswell : the tune is the good one of Kel- 
iybnrn Uraes r 
Hcch '. whst a chsnge ha'e we now in this town ! 

The lad* a' aa* bnw, the leases sae giaaciri'. 
Folk maun bediasie-gsun ay in the roua', [daacin'. 

For da'il a haec'-s done now but faascia* and 
Gowd's no that scanty in iHt siller pock. 

When ilk* Ut laddie maun' ha'e his bit staigie ; 
But I kent the daySt^en there was nae a Jock 

But trottedisbour-apxi honest rfsanio-nagi*. 
(jltle uras stoWn thctn and fess ga«d to waste, . 

Barely a muffin for itSte 'tit fat rattens ; 
The thnfty. housewife to tbe Dcsh- market paced. 

Her squipsge a* — just a ^depatr o' paiteas. • 
Tolk were as good then, and friends were as leal, 

Tho' coaches were scant, wi' their cattle a-can- 
trin';' ' 

Right air we were tcll't by the hoose^Miiid or chiel. 

Sir, sn' ye {lease, here's your lasl'iAd a lantern. 
Tb* town may be clouted and pieced, till it meets 

A.'a**kouca bcne^ and bescuth,witboU( hsltia'. 
Brigs raar be bigsit owr lUms and owr streets. 

The Nor'kKh itsel' h^ap'd heigh as the Cdtoa. 
But whir is true fHendshtp, aad whar wiB you see 

A' that is gtide;' honest, modest,' and thrny ? 
Tdt' grey tisiis and wrinkles, and hitple wi" me, 

And think on ttie seventeen htntdred ihd tty. 

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THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



To coatrut this and conclnde our notice, 
we select 

Clerk Riehitrd and Maid Margartt, 
Tbtie were two who lo»ed each other 

For mtny years, 'till hate did start ; 
And yet they never quite could smother 

The former love that warm'd their heart : 
And both did love, and both did hate ; 
TiU both fulfill'd the will of fate. 
Years after, and the maid did marry 

One that her heart had ne'er approv'd ; 
Nor longer could Clerk Richard tarry. 

Where he had lost all that he lov'd : 
To foreign lands he reckless went, 
To nourish love, hate, ditcontent. 
A word, an idle word of foUy, 

Had spill'd their love when it was young; 
And hatred, grief, and melancholy. 

In either heart as idly sprung : 
And yet they loved, and hate did wane. 
And much they wialied to meet again. 
Of Richard still is Margaret dreaming. 

His image lingered in her breast ; 
And oft at midnight to her seeming 

Her former lover stood coofest ; 
And shedding on her bosom tears, 
The bitter wrecks of happier yearb 
Where'er he went, by land or ocean, 

Still Richard sees Dame Margaret there; 
And every throb and kind emotion 

His b<»om knew were felt for her ; 
And never new love hath he cherished. 
The power to love with first love perished. 
Homeward is Clerk Richard sailing. 

An altered man from him of old ; 
His hate had changed to bitter wailing, 

And love resumed its wonted hold 
Upon his heart, which yearned to see 
The haunts and loves of intocy. 
He knew her fsiithless, — nathlcsa ever 

He loved her though no more his own ; 
Nor could he proudly now dissever 

The chain that round his heart was thrown ; 
He loved her, without hope, yet true. 
And sought her, but to say Adieu. 
For even in partfaig there is pleasure, 

A sad sweet joy that wrings the soul ; 
And there is grief surpassing measure, 

That will not bide nor brook controul ; 
And yet a formal fond leave taking 
Does ease the heart albeit by breaking. 
Oh! there is something in the feeling 

And trembling Alter of the hand ; 
And something in the tear down stealing, 

And voice so broken, yet so bland ; 
And something in the word Farewell, 
Which worketh like a poweifiiU spell. 
These loven met and never parted ; 

They met as lovers wont to do, 
Who meet when both are broken-heafled. 

To breathe a last and long adieu. 
Pale Margaret wept. Clerk Richaid sighed. 
And in each other s arms they died. 
From these specimens (thongh we cannot 
exhibit the sweet masic attached to them,) 
our readers may gather that this work is 
most worthy of the lovers of harmony. We 
know no musical collection at all equal to it, 
and are sure it will afford the almost delight 
in every family circle where it is received. 

The vignettes and the etchings by which 
the work i« embellished, from the designs of 
Stotliard and Allan, possess very uncommon 
merit ; they are full of natnre and buraour, 
and are finely characteristic of the Scottish 
peasantry. Buros, spealuug of those etch- 
ugi by AlUui, in om of bit letters, says, 



"Pride in Poets is nae sin; and I will say 
it, that I look on Mr. Allan and Mr. Burns 
to be the only gennine painters of Scottish 
costume in the world." 



A Narrative of the Expedition to Dongola 
and Sentuiar, under the command cf Iimael 
Patha. By an Ahierican in the service 
of the Viceroy of Egypt. 8vo. pp. 232. 
J. Murray. London 1832. 
Ophthalmia, which prevented his seeing 
much, and an indifferent style (like a bad 
translatii>n,) which prevents his telling very 
cleverly what he did see, are great draw- 
backs upon this author, who penetrated into 
countries so very little known to Europe that 
his narrative otherwise might have been of 
great interest. It nevertlieless contains a 
tew curious particulars, and of these, without 
troubling ourselves with the prevailing re- 
fuse, we shall form a snmmary for the infor- 
mation of our readers. 

According to the testimony before as. Me- 
hemmed, the Pasha of Egypt, is making rapid 
strides in improvement and conquest. He 
has, for instanee, cut a navigable passage 
through the rocks of the first Cataract, is 
pursuing the same course among the difficult 
passes of the second, has made a canal from 
the Nile to Alexandria, and established many 
manufactories under European superinten- 
dence. And the Expedition of his son Ismael 
(to which the writer was attached,) has reu- 
dered Snccoot, Macbast, Dongola, Shageia, 
Monasier, layout, Rab-a'Tab, Berber, Haliya, 
Sennaar, Darfour, and Kordofan, tributary 
provinces of the Egyphan Pashalik. 

To Join the force which UComplishM these 
conquests, our authgr set out from Wady 
Hatt'a in Sept; or 0«t. 1890, and proceeded 
in a boat up the Nile, of which bis journal 
gives as dry a history as that river could well 
afford. We discover that he is the person 
who visited Mr. Waddington in his progress 
upwardsj and who is spoken of so contemp- 
tuously by that gentleman ; but the present 
valnme contains an apoiogy for the stigma, 
and restores our American, whether Rene- 
gade or Christian, to all his original charac- 
ter. Judging of him from the internal evi- 
dence of his own volome, we should hardly 
have been inelin«»d to offer any excuse. The 
vile conduct of his military companions is not, 
we must say, strongly contrasted by bis lan- 
guage or sentiments (pages 61,07, 68, &c.) 
After passing Mero6, the author gives tlie 
following account of the pyramids, visible 
firom that place : 

". They stand dbont half a mile from the 
right hand bank of the river. I counted 
twenty-seven, none of them perfect, and most 
of them in ruins ; the greater part of them 
are built of stone, and are evidently much 
more ancient than those of Meroi. The 
largest is probably more than a hundred feet 
square, and something more in height. It 
presents a singularity in its constructiou 
worthy of notice. It is a pyramid within 
a pyramid; i.e. the inner pyramid has been 
cased over by a larger one ; one of its aides 
being iu ruins malces this peculiarity visible. 
By climbing up the ruined side, it is easy to 
reach its summit. No remains of a city or 
any traces of temples are visible in tbe im> 
mediate vicinity oif this place, which is called 
by the natives ' Turboot.' " 

From two days' journey above the Isle of 
Kendi, the antbor set out to cross the desert 
for Berber, as the river make* aa inunenie 



elbow here, perhaps '230 miles, inclndi^ui 
it the third Cataract) and being-rapids nearly ' 
all tlie way, 

'<The country of the Berbers, after tlte 
best information I have been able to obtain, 
is small, not extending, from the upper end 
of the third cataract, more than eight days 
march iu length on both sides of the Nile. 
The Bahar el (Jswood, or Black river, bOondi 
it (i. <. on the eastern bank) on tbe seatk, 
ana separates it from the territory of Shendi. 
The cnltivable land reaches generally to the 
distance of one or two miles from the river. 
It is overflowed generally at the inuudatioi, 
and its produce is very abundant, consisting 
in durra, wheat, barley, beans, cotton, a snaU 
grain called ' duchan, tobacco, and some gar- 
den vegetables similar to those. of Egypt. 
Berber also raises great numliers of homed 
cattle, sheep, goats, camels, asses, and very 
fine horses. It is very populous, the succes- 
sion of villages being almost continned along 
tbe road on both sides of the river. The 
houses are built of clay, covered with a flat 
roof of beams overlaid generally with straw; 
but the houses of the Maleks have generally 
terraced roofs of beaten clay. Tliis manner 
of building is sufficieut in a conntry where no 
great quantity of rain falls thronghout tbe 
year. Some of the houses of tbe peasants 
are formed of trasses of cornstalks, and 
placed side by side in a perpendicular posi- 
tion, and lashed togetlier, with roofs of the 
same materials. All the people sleep upon 
bedsteads, as they do also in Dongola and 
Shagcia: these bedsteads arc composed of 
an oblong frame of wood, standing on four 
short legs, the sides of tbe frame supporting 
a close network of leathern thongs, on whi<i 
tbe person sleeps; it is elastic and comfort- 
able. 

"Berber contains plenty of aal^ which 
the natives find in some calcareous raonn- 
tains between the desert and the fertile laud. 
In its natural state, it is found mingled with 
a brown earth, with which the stone of those 
mountains is intermixed. This earth the 
natives dilute with water, which absorbs tbe 
salt and leaves the earth at tbe bottom ; they 
then pour off the water into another veasel, 
and, by exposing it to the sun or fire, the 
water is evaporated and the salt remains. 

" The assemblage of villages which com- 
pose the capital of Nousreddin, contains 
houses enough for a population of five or six 
tlionsand souls, but I do not believe that tbe 
actual population of those villages is so ^reat. 

"The language is Arabic, perfectly intel- 
ligible to the natives of Egypt, but containing 
some ancient words at present disused on the 
lower Nile ; for instance, tbe Beriier caUs a 
sheep < Kebesh,' [Hebrew, sh[aifyiag a lamb.'\ 

"As to tbe climate, tbe difference lietweeii 
tbe heat at two hours afltertnoon in tlie month 
of the vernal equinox, and at an hour before 
sunrise, has been as great as ten degrees of 
the thermometer of Reaumur, as I have been 
informed by one of tbe medical staff attached 
to tbe army, who was iu possession of that 
instrument. It it at present the comntencc- 
ment of spring, and tbe heat at two boor* 
after mid-day, at least to the tense, is as 
great as in the month of the summer solstice, 
in Cairo, I have seen no ferocious animals, 
either in Berber or the country below, and 
believe that they are rare." 

From Berberadivision under Abdin Cacheff 
was sent against Dongola, and the main army 
moved on Shendi by eight days' easy marches. 

" Oar roate (tun tbe antuor) from Berber 



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JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



53 



led MS throngh a oonntiy consisting of im 
nense plains of fertile soil, extending many 
niles irom the ri«er, and mostly covered 
with herbage ; monntaina or bills were rarely 
visible.* We passed many laree villages, 
most of vhidi stood far off trom the river, to 
beontof the reach of the innndation. The 
hoflses of these villages, particniarly as we 
approached Shendi, were generally bnilt with 
sloping roofs of thatched straw, which indi- 
cated that this is a country visited by the 
mins. We hardly ever, during our march, 
came in view of the river, except to encamp. 
. • - " On the lOlA tf tlu moon, I went to 
Shendi on the cast bank, which is the capi- 
tal of the conntry. J traversed the town 
with some snrprizc ; the houses are tow, bnt 
well boilt of clay. Large areas, walled in 
ftr the reception of the merchandize bronght 
by the caravans, are to be seen in various 
pirls of the town, which is large, containing 
probably live or six thousand inhabitants; 
the sUeets are wide and airy, regular market 
plarea are fonnd there, where, beside meat, 
batter, grain and vegetables are also to be 
parchased, spices bronght from Jidda, gum 
anbie, beads, and other ornaments for the 
wosKii. The people of Shendi have a bad 
tbaracter, being both ferocious and frandn- 
init Great nninbers of slaves of both sexes, 
from Abyssinia and Darfonr, are to be fonnd 
here, at a moderate price, a handsome Abys- 
siniaa girl selling for abont forty or fifty dol- 
lirs. - - - Shendi stands abont half n mile 
from the easterly bank of the river. Its im- 
■ediate environs are sandy ; it derives its 
iaportance solely from being tlic rendezvons 
of the caravans of Sennaar and the neigh- 
bouring eonnlrics going to Mecca or Egypt 
Tbe territory belonging to the chief of Shendi 
is said to be very large, but by nO means 
peopled in proportion to iti extent. He can, 
kowever, in conjunction with tlie Maiek of 
Hallya, bring into the field thirty thonsand 
imimin, ■ramted on steeds probably as 
heantifnl as any fonnd in any cOnntry in the 
world." 

Oo the 26tli the camp had reached the 
Bahar el Abind, where the Nile falls into that 
liter, and where the Pasha crossed into Sen- 
■aar. " Tmmediately on my arrival (the tra- 
nller says) I drank of this river, being, pro- 
bably, the first man of Frank origin that ever 
tasted its waters. 

"The Nile is not half as broad as the Bahar 
el Abind, which is, from bank to bank, one 
Bile higher than where the Nile joins it, 
ibonta mile and a quarter in breadth. It 
cases, as far as we can see it, from the west- 
■ootb-west. The Nile of Bmce mnst, there- 
fi>re, after the expedition of Ismael Pasha, 
be considered as a branch of a great and un- 
explored river, which may possibly be found 
to be connected with the Niger. - - - 



* Tbe other aide of the river, at least as often 
•ad as &r as we could see it, presented the same 
•PPearancc. TTie only mountains we saw on the 
•wief side of the river, were those of "Attar 
Baa)," at the foot of which (they lie near the 
Tint, abuot three days match north of Shendi) 
*e, as I have learned, to be. seen the ruins of a 
otf, temples, and fifty-four pyramids. This, I 
ui indined to befiere, was the site of the fiuaons 
><eni<, the capital of the island of that name. 
TVtertitory in which these ruins are found is 
>■ act nearly surrounded byriveni, being bounded 
«i the west hr the Nile, on the south by the 
nms Ratt anil Dander, and on tlie north by the 
Bahar d Iswood. All these three riven empty 
iatotheNne. 



" By the 2gth, in the afternoon, i. e. in two 
days and a half, the Pasha had finished trans- 
porting into Sennaar the whole of his camp, 
consisting of about six thotuand persons, 
with the artillery, amnranition, tents, bag- 
gage, horses, camels, and asses, by the aid of 
nine boats, none of them large, an expedi- 
tion, I believe, unparalleled in the annals of 
Turkish warfare. 

't'Dnring our stay on the other side of the 
Bahar el Abind, it was reported in the camp 
that some of the Mogrebin soldiers, gone 
ont to shoot gazelles, had killed in the desert 
which lies off from the river, an animal re- 
sembling a bull, except that its fert were like 
those of a camel. I did not see this animal, 
but the story was affirmed to me by several. 

" The army, on its crossing the Bahar el 
Abind, encamped on tlie point of land jnst 
below which the Bahar el Abiud and the Nile 
join each other. The water of the Bahar el 
Abind is troubled and whitish, and has a 
peculiar sweetish taste. The soldiers said 
that ' the water of the Bahar el Abind would 
not quench thirst.' This notion probably 
arose from the circumstance that they were 
never tired of drinking it, it is so light and 
sweet. The water of the Nile is at present 
perfectly pure and transparent, but by no 
means so agreeable to the palate as that of 
the Bahar el Abiud, as I experimented my- 
self, drinking first of the Bahar el Abiud, and 
then Vralking abont two hnndred yards across 
the point, and drinking of the Nile, the water 
of which appeared to me hard and tasteless 
in comparison. 

" Nothing of the kind conid be easier than 
to ascend the Bahar el Abind from the place 
where we are. A caina, well manned and 
armed, and accompanied by another boat 
containing provisions for four or six months, 
and both furnished with grapnells to enable 
them at nigbt to anchor in the river, inight, 
in my opinion, axc^end and return secprely : 
as the tribes on its borders have great dread 
of fire-arms« and will hardly dare to meddle 
with those who cany them. 

*' We stayed on the Sennaar side of the 
Bahar el Abind till the lit of flomuifaii, when 
the army coiiunenced its march for Sennaar, 
the capital, proceeding by the bank of the 
Nile. The army reached 0ennaar in thir- 
teen days." • - - 

" The country we traversed Is that part of 
the kingdom of Sennaar which lies between 
the Nile and the Bahar el Abiud. It is an 
immense and fertile plain, occnpied by nume- 
rous villages, some of them very large ; that 
of ' Waliat Medinet,' ibr instance, contain- 
ing, probably, four or five thonsand inha- 
bitants. What conntry we saw was, at 
this season, perfectly naked of grass, con- 
sisting generally of immense fields, which in 
the season past had been planted with dnrra. 
Accacia trees, and bushes in the conntry far 
back from the river (which is sandy,) were 
abnndant, bnt no herbage was visible ; I did 
not see thronghont onr route a single water- 
wheel ; and I believe that the country is only 
cultivated when the innndation has retired. 

" The houses of the villages are bnilt in the 
following manner. A circle of stakes is 
planted in the gronnd, a conical flraitie of 
poles attached to these stakes below, and 
meeting and fastened at the top of the cone, 
forms the roof. This roof, and the sides of 
the honse, are then covered with thatched 
straw, which suffices to exclude the rains." 
(To be emetmUd in oitr next.) 



PKYIRU. OF' THE PBAK. 

HAvma given an ample epitome of this 
work in onr last Nnmber (which we wer* 
enabled to do by procuring the fourth vo- 
lume per mail from the North sooner than the 
general cargo shipped at Leith could arrive,) 
we left ourselves little to do, except to offSer 
a few remarks, which, in order to leave onr 
narrative clear, we refrained from interpo- 
lating in the review. Nor would we now be 
tempted to resume the topic, were it not that 
we can very shortly say all that we wish to 
say upon it. 

In Peveril of the Peak there are perhaps 
more striking instances of draatatic taknt, of 
the highest kind, than in any other of tlie 
anthor's works. Nearly all the dialogues are 
masterly ; and assisting the imagination, in 
addition to the descriptions, they place the 
leading characters, as it were, before the eyei< 
of the reader. Tbns it is that we have such 
glowing images of the King, of Buckingham, 
of Fenella, of Sir Geoffrey, of Bridgenorth; 
and of the little less marked Hero and He- 
roine, of Lady Derby, Ned Christian, tiie 
Cbiffinches, Hudson, Lady Peveril, Debbiteb, 
and otiiers of inferior note. These are like 
Vandyke Portraits, and form a gallery of 
great excellence. 

When we follow them, however, throngh 
their course of action, we are not so well sa- 
tisfied with the artist. We think his founda- 
tion sandy. Snch a revenge as Christian's 
would net in natnre have stooped to snch 
dilatory means of gratification ; far more im- 
probable is it that so fiend-like a passion 
could be instilled into the young mind of 
Fenella. The latterindeed, though a wonder- 
fully fine creation of the fancy , is inconsistently 
drawn ;-7-her self-denial is incredible, and 
her agency snper-hnman. The explanations 
condescended by the author are by no means 
satisfactory ; and this defect angments the 
chief blemish of the Novel, namely, that the 
fictitious under-plot does not eombuae happily 
with the incidents derived from history. 

Another defeat, in onr mind, is that the 
villains and profligates of the story are mnch 
too barefaced in Sieir avowals. An utterly 
nndisgnised scoundrel, bragging of his in- 
famy, as virtnons but weak persons do of 
their good deeds, is, as far as our observa- 
tion on humanity goes, a rara ovit ; and we 
cannot therefore be bnt surprised to hear 
Buckingfaam, Christian, Blood, Chiffinch, 
Saville, and others, boasting of their iniqui- 
ties more openly than a gang of robbers 
would do of their exploits. Ingennoosness, 
we take it, is not often an accompaniment of 
conseions wickedness and a guilty life. 

A consideralile proportion of tlie first two 
volumes of Peveril is dull, or rather heavy : 
but the latter moiety redeems this fault by 
its truly Shakesperian identifieations of cha- 
racter. 

Tlie style may be designated generally as 
careless ; as it is Inlrdly corrected beyond the 
common pace of an Baglish scholar an^ prac- 
tised writer, even in the most brilliant pas- 
sages. Innumerable examples of this might 
be adduced — (" that be ton ftwnm a client," 
" a family of no ten than lu children," " well 
nigh dead for cold," Ik, Sec. Ice.) Bnt onr pa- 
renthesis Is enough, and we shall only notice 
that haste is so apparent, that even the 
names of the parties are freqaently mis-spelt 
and confounded ; and within five pages, 
vol. 2, we have " predecessor " nsed twice 
instead of " successor." Some strong Scotti* 
cismi also occnr, tad, we are sorry to add, 



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M 



THE ttTERARY GAZETTE, AND 



one or two Instances of too low a mark '<"' 
the pen of this antlior. As this however is ^ 
i;ravc cbar(e> we submit a proof,. aToiding 
the most offenaive one respecting Court B—i, 

" Julian was under the necessity of endur- 
ing all her tiresome and fantastic airs, and 
awaiting with patience till she had ' prinked 
herself and pinned berselt'— :tiuni; her hoods 
back, and drawn tlicm forward — snnffed at a 
little bottle of essences— closed her eyes like 
a dying fowl — turned them up like a duck in 
a thunder-storm ; when at length," Stc. 

" ' Mount your fleet nag, Tom — ride like 
the devil — overtake the croom whom Lord 
Saville dispatched to London this morning 
lame his horse — break his hopes — till him as 
drunk as the Baltic sea ; or do whatever may 
best and roost effectually stop his jonisey. — 
Why does the lout stand there without an- 
Bwering mcf Soest understand me^' 

But without dwelling on tliese specks, it is 
^ore agreeable to ns to quote a ft-.w of those 
fine remarks which display tiM auth<ur's 
•cuteness and philosophy in bis views nf life, 
and his intimate knowledge of the human 
heart. They are the touched which a supe- 
rior mind alone ran give, and a selection of 
them from the works of this author might be 
pnt into the hands of youth, as a manual to 
atudy, like Bacon's Aphorisms^- 

" There is something in melancholy feel- 
i&gs more natural to an imperfect and suffer- 
ing state than in those of gaiety, and when 
they are brought into collision, tlie former 
aeldom fail to triumph. If a. funeral-train 
and wedding-procesaioo were to meet unex- 
pectedly, it will readily be allowed that the 
mirth of the. last would be speedily merged 
in the gloom of the others." - - - 

" The good lady, in consideration, per- 
haps, of extensive tatitnde allowed to her in 
the more important concerns of the family, 
made a point of never interfering with her 
hnsband'a whims or prejndiocs ; and it is a 
compromise which we would heartily recoil- 
mend to all iqawging matrons of ouraeqnaint- 
anoe; for it is surprisiog bow much real 
power will be cbeertally resigned to the fair 
sex, for the pleaanre of being allowed to 
Tide one'a iiobby in peace and quiet." • ■ • 

" His prejudices were both deep and enve- 
nomed, as those of country gentlemen often 
become, who, having jittle to do or think of, 
are bat too apt to spend their time in nursing 
and cherishing petty causes of wrath against 
their next neighbours." — [This ought to be 
framed vith the Game Laws.] 

- • " His couHtenaoce, too, although the 
features were of an ordioaiy, not to say uieaa 
9asl, had that character of intelligence which 
education giv^s to the most homely face." - ■ 

- • " When « man of talent* shews .him- 
self an able and useful partizan. hi« party 
will continue to protect and accredit him, ip 
spite of conduct the most contradictory to 
their own principles. Soo^ facts are, in such 
cases, denied — some a{^ gloxed over — and 
party-«eal ii pernutt^, to cover at least as 
many detects as evj^ doth charity." 

- - " The dark and dismal arch under 
which he soon Ciuind hiiaself, opened upon a 
large court-yard, where a number of debtors 
were employed in playia; at band-ball, 
piteh-and-tiKs, hustle-cap, aud other games ; 
tor which relaxations the rigour of their cre- 
ditors afforded them full leisure, while it 
debarred tbem the means. of pursuing the 
honest labour by which they might, have re- 
deemed their affairs, and maintained their 
Starving and beggared families."— [This we 



would also framet in the Insolvent DebUrs' 
Cotirt i or quote to meet the petitions against 
that merciful practice.] 

- - "The look of no man is so inauspicious 
as of a fat man, u|ion whose features ill-na- 
ture has marked a habitual stamp. He seems 
to have reversed the old proverb, and to have 
thriven under the intliience of the worst af- 
fections of the mind. Passionate we can allow 
a jolly mortal to be; hut it seems unnatural 
to his goodly case to be sulky and brutal." - - - 

" There was nothing in the Duke's man- 
ner towards Christian which could have con- 
veyed to that latter personage, experienced 
as he was in the worst possible ways of the 
world, that Buckingham would, at that par- 
ticular moment, rather have seen the devil 
than himself; unless it was that Bnckihg- 
ham's reception of him, being rather extraor- 
dinarily courteous towards so old an acquaint- 
ance, might have excited some degree of 
suspicion." - - - 

- - " The hackneyed voluptuary is like the 
jaded epicure, the mere listlessness of Whose 
appetite becomes at length a sufficient pe- 
nalty for having made it the principal object 
of his enjoyment and cultivation. Yet novelty 
hak always some charms, and uncertainty 
has more." - - - 

• - '* The English nation differ from all 
others, indeed even from t^iose of the sister 
kingdoms, in being very easily sated with 
pnuisliment, even when they suppose It most 
merited. Other nations are like the tamed 
tlger,whieh, when once its native appetite for 
slaughter is indulged in one instance, roiihes on 
in promiscuous ravage. But tlie English public 
have always rather resembled what is told of 
the slenth-dog, which, eager, fierce, and cla- 
morous in pursuit of bis prey, desists from it 
so soon as blood is sprinkled npon ills path." 

• - " A man of tense or reflection, oy try- 
ing to give his plot an appearance of more 
probabilitT, wonid most likely have failed, as 
wise men often do in addressing tb» nalti- 
tode, from not daring to calculate npon the 
prodigious extent of their credulity, espe- 
daily wtiere the figments presented to them 
involve the fearful and the terrible." '- - - 

How much of mind do these brief sen- 
tences display ! It is this quality which may 
probably render a second reading of Peveril 
(as it (Iocs most of its |)recnr3ors) more de- 
lightful (certainly more instructive) than 
even the nrst with all its novelty. 



MISS BAWKINS ANECDOTES. 
[Fint VU, Third aiui amcluding Notice.^ 

Fboh this entertaining misceOany we liave 
little else to do than to continlie extracts to 
diversity our own pages, leaving it to the 
judgment of readers to adopt or pause upon 
the relations. 

The following are quite miscellaneous : 

" I shall defer too long the conclusion of 
one volume of this work, if T enter here on 
the store of anecdotes I have from Mr. .Lang- 
ton i hut there is one of l\\m which I caimot 
defer, it speaks so mucii in favour of his 
temper and his wit. He had (and here I 
cannot excuse him,) made a diuaci--patty 
wait a considerable time. Garrick was one 
of the goests, and bore the delay with fretful I her, and the lively 



impatieucc. Ou Mr. Langtou's entrance, 
Garrick suffered his peevishness so far to 
get the better of him, as to vent his wit on 
Mr. L.'5 uncommon height ; anil when Mr. L. 
came up to speak to him, be jumped upon 
a chair to listen to him. Mr. ll took it very 
coolly ; but when Mi. tSvrick descendecf. 



he returned his joke by kneeling down on 
one knee to shake handt», 

" But let it not he Inferred from this, that 
Mr. G. was particularly pertinacious oa 
his own want of height, as the following 
anecdote, and bis telling it bimaelf to my 
father, will, I think, prove. When A^on 
Hill, who was capable of the gronest flat- 
tery, was shunning tlie pursuit ofhis creditors 
by concealment at Plaistow in Essex, Mr. 
Garrick was introduced to him by their com- 
mon friend Mr. Draper, the bookwUer. Hill 
received them with his wonted excess of 
civility ; and when he addressed himself to 
Garrick, turned to Draper and &ald, ' How 
could yon tell me that Mr. Garrick was 
under size ? — ^you really deceived me hy your 
misrepresentation.' Garrick could not swal- 
low such gross adulation: he replied,— 
' Mr. Hill, 1 am too conscious of my owa 
defect, to heed being reminded of it.' 

" Finding an opportumity of mentioniDg 
again the name of Garrick, T will employ it 
here to introduce two anecdotes just learot 
from indisputable authority. Mr. Garridi 
had one evening quitted Mrs. G. in her box 
at Drury-lane theatre, saying;, as he of\ea 
did, * I »hall he back in a few minutes.' A 
prologue or epilogue was spoken. Mrs. G. 
was iu full sight ot the speaJieT, but thought 
him a stranger, till her little dog, who was 
with her, called her attention by ahowing 
signs of great joy, when and not till, when 
she knew it to be Mr. Garrick who was 
speaking. 

" Tlie other anecdote I hope I ahall not 
offend by making public : it is in all ways too 
good to be concealed. I was saying to a 
gentleman here, that I was convinced the 
chariot which Mrs. G. now nsed, was the 
same in which she nsed to visit at oar house, 
when T was a child. He said I was nearly 
right, for that it was veiy lately that ahe had 
had a new one. A new one, indeed, had 
been in contemplation some tiine before; 
but at the same time, she had received letters 
from her relations abroad, stating that a yoang 
lady of the family was engagedf to an officer 
in the Aostrian service, and that the only 
obstacle to the nnion was his beioK unable 
to raise the large sum required by^ the Go- 
vernment, as a deposit on tlie marriage of an 
oSirer, and which, if a wife survives, is re- 
turned to her as a provision. Mrs. G. on 
this news, countermanded her cuuriai^, 
saying, in her imperfect English, that ' the 
old one would do tor her, and that she would 
have the yonog people made happy.'" 

Of a party given by Dr. Johnson, aome 
idea (a strange one) may be formed^if we 
attach implicit credit to the author's recol- 
lections as recorded here ; 

" After tea, we juniors accompanied the 
younger of Sir Joshua's nieces, the then 
Misses Palmer, into bis painting-room, where 
she stole, for the service of her annt, all the 
colours she could scrape from bis esel. 

" Professor Martyn was at Rome at the 
time when Miss Knight was there, and was 
improving to tlie utmost the advantagies of 
her situation, I have heard him speak of the 
delight one of her teachers took in instmctieg 
warmth with whi^ Iw 



described her UBCominon (irogrest in what- 
ever she undertook. She was One t>f the 
many of her sex who had to remember and 
record the brutal wit of Johnson. Thfe ladies 
of the time when his notice wax considered 
as an honour, made U too much a ^int of 
honour to obtain an introdoction :— where 



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JOURNAL bP tki I^ELLES LJ^TTRES. 



55 



as 



iki< hMoar wu ta be foand, I eonfest I never 
otiJUdiicttver. F»r aiyaelft I can trnly aayt 
Iktt it was a severe ponisbnieiit to me to 
ibareiB ujvfiaj fatMr's tisits to bim, and 
tk*t I never beard him say, in any visit, six 
wonli tlitt coold compensate Tor tbe tronble 
«l' jetting to liiB den, and tbe disgmt of 
Mciitg lach sqnalldness as I saw no vrbere 
rhe. 

" My mother I luio w used to b rag that lie had 
Kterbeea nocivU to her: — tiil unfortnnately 
st oar table, kbe asked him very gently if be 
wsiM not take a little wine ; and coDcIading 
Igr bit not replying that be had not beard her, 
■be repeated. the words. He tben thundered 
oat, ' I drink no wine — why do yon tease 
wtti' Her boasting, alas I was then all over, 
and she remained, 4n rank and distinction, 
JMl OB. a level with die eighteen nymphs who 
were to ineautiolM as to go in a body to wait 
sahbn* . I can imagine the dosen and half of 
dantels all ready to prostrate tliemselvet on 
Ike carpet, sooty and smoky as it was< and to 
csst at his feet, garlands of ' hearts' eatfe,' 
■London pride,' ' maids in mists,' and ' for- 
i;el me nots,' when be tumbled iff tbe stairs 
iiio tbe dingy parlonr, sbonlder forward, as 
if aiiBiiig at the diagonal of the ipartmenti 
and moathed or growled ont, ' If] had known 
there had be** so many of yon, I would not 
hare come.' To one— the spoken- woman, I 
prtsoBie, who kad an oration ready, he saved 
tiK trouble of recital, by crying ont, ' Fiddle- 
d«-dee, my deaf ! ' 

"These met their fate, and in my mind a 
dne fate ; — but when Miss Kniebt, whme 
pretensioas ta regard were established by 
kavuig worked on an idea, he had thrown ont 
ind was too indolent to porsne, in writing 
Dinarbas; who had produced her elegant il- 
lustrative fiction, * Marcns Flominius}' and 
her really neefnl work, 'The Campagna 'of 
£aiiie;' — whei) ^ ^entto mal(e him a fare- 
wtli.visit on qnitting England, to dismiss bcr 
by s^ing, * Oo,. my dear,, for y»a are too big 
for as island,'— it was nothing short of gross 
bratality, and worthy only ot Magliabeccbi. 
The matter is indeed set even by bis having 
decreed the pahn of excellence in female 
aatfaortbip, tonisfavonrite Charlotte Lennox! 
whom I remember waiting at Hicks's hall, 
liU a trial came oq before my father and the 
other JBstices ; — a trial in which it mnst be 
ronrctted she b^ mne concern ; for it was 
an indictment preferred by her maid against 
ker, for beating her ! It came ont that a 
battle had taken place between ' the Female 
Qaisotte,' and her solitary domestic. How 
the legal qnestion was decided, I have, I 
regret to say, forgotten : — it gave me an op- 
IMrtniity ot' s^ing tbe illustrious lady, and 
at a safe distaoce. Before this unlooked-for 
opportBDity occurred, she had been familiar 
to oar minda by my father's telling of her 
going in similar wrath to Mr. John Payne, 
iobasoo's and hpr publisher, to complavi of 
Mma want of respect, to her amorous story of 
'Harriot Stuart.' Payne was from home, 
sad the person from whom she learnt this 
titct, being bis aged mother, Charlotte, in 
(bat tame gennine spirit which afterwarda 
ripened into the niuSurini/iaxM or ' maid 
fightiBg,' assailed tbe old lady with the elo- 
Sneace which was intended for tbe son. The 
oM crone, unused to the language of a lady 
who irrow books thd translated ' let eiifans 
perdu*,' of an way, by ' the lost children,' 
at pcfltapB the oW woman herself if she bad 
got s« f«r.iii ,l<;ar4og might have done — cried 
oat for quarter in the moving plea that she 



*:knew nothing, and was a plain old wom^in.' 
Charlotte, who niight have urged the latter 
plea very fairly when I saw her, though slie 
had waived every tittle of it at a time when 
her right would not have been disputed, in- 
dignantly turned away, repeating, ' Plain 
enough 1 Ood knows!' Yet this lady was 
the lady 'Johnson would pit' against any 
whom he had subsequenily known." • • f- 

Ne»r the beginning qf the Volnine we nave 
Paul Whitehead, described as sadly annoyed 
by an almost idiotic wife, whom he married 
for her wealth ; and having bis sense of re- 
ligion vniclied for on the following slight 
gronnds,(boweverJQ8t, as aproof of bis taste 
in architecture)-t- 

" ' When I go,' said he, < into St- Paul's, 
I admire it as a very fine, ^rand, beantifiil 
jmildiqg ) and when I have contemplated 
its beauty, I conje ont: but if I go into 
Westminster Abbey, me, I'm all de- 
votion.'" 

The portrait of Horace Walpole, before 
1778, Is a striking one :«-" His figure was not 
merely tall, but more properly ten; and slen 
der to excess ; his complexion, and particu- 
larly his hands, of a most onbealtby palcorts. 
His eyes were remarkably bright and pene- 
trating, very dark and lively : — his voice was 
not strong, bnt bit tones were extremely 
pleasant, and if I may so say, highly getitle- 
manly. I do not remember his common gait ; 
be always entered a. room in that style of 
afiepted delicacy, which fashion had then 
made almost natural; chapeau braa between 
his hands as if be wished to compress it, or 
under his arm — knees bent, and tebt on tip- 
toe, as if afraid of a wet floor. 

" His dress in visiting was most nsually,in 
summer when I most saw bim, a lavender 
suit, tbe waistcoat embroidered'^th a little 
silver, or of white silk worked in the tam- 
Dour, partridge silk stockings, and gold 
bncjiles, ruffles and friU generally lace. I 
remember when a child, thinking him very 
mucli under-dressed, if at any tune except iu 
mourning, be wore hemmed cambric. In 
summer no powder, but bis wig combed 
straight, and sbpwing iiit ve^ smooth pale 
forehead, and 'quened behbia :— in winter, 
powder." 

Mist Hawkins is very wroth with the bio- 
grapher of Dr. Johnson ; and her acconnt of 
Stanley, tlie blind composer, is hardly more 
favooraUe to tbe memory of that gentleman. 
Hit poweri were most wonderful : 

- - " Mr. Stanley bad great arithmetical 
quickness, and a mind capable of great ten- 
sion, increased no doubt bv that privation 
which b so otlen atoned for by a super- 
riiuodanee in other gifts. He, soon after tut 
settlement as a domestic man, showed him- 
self ain excellent wbist-player, when informed 
only of the principles of the game; bnt, the 
impossibility of knowing what were tbe cards 
he himself held, was an obstacle which his 
sistcr-iii-law obviated, by marking a pack in 
a way not perceptible to others, and which 
nothing less than the acuteness of ieelins he 
possessed, could have rendered useful to him- 
self. Great curiosity was excited to see 
these cards ; and to possess a pack was con- 
sidered lis a distinction ih the world of mis- 
cellaiieoaa collectors. I have seen many, 
and therefore can explaih what I remember 
to have seen treated like necromancy. How 
the court-cards were marked I realw forget, 
but the others were simply pricked with a 
very fine needle, and only with the nniuiber 



of what are called tbe pips ; — but the specific 
difference consisted, in the locality of these 
piarks, and that had been settled by Mr. Stan- 
ley himself, that is to say, that hearts should 
beaiarkedin one comer, diamonds in another, 
and so on ; tliere still remained the necessity 
of placing the cards properly, by sorting them 
and turning them all the right way ; a card 
the wrong end upwards, would have thrown 
bim ont ; bnt one of the ladies was always at 
hand ; and it then required only that each 
person should name the card they played,.and 
the game went on as quickly as if be could 
have seen. 

" That he was able to accompany a singer 
as he did, and above all to conduct the ora- 
torios, is astonishing, and far bey^ond, I sup- 
pose, all possibility of explanation. I can 
only tell that Miss Arlond played the oratorio 
throngbont. I think she said once sufficed, 
and he needed no farther help. That he rode 
on horseback, bis servant /oUowin^; that he 
knew every sign in Cheapside, when every 
shop had a sign ; that he could distinguish 
colours, ascertain tbe size ot a room ; that he 
was bis own butler, and in being Jed to a 
bouse by a servant could tell his man that 
the house to which he was going was the 
next, are all vulgar instances, in compa- 
rison of bis musical facility, aai his power 
of building his harmonies on tbe slight 
basis wbt(£ his sister-in-law could prepare 
for him." - - - . * 

Of Mr. Bartleman we have also some in- 
teresting details ; but we are warned by our 
paper that tlie Review of Miss Hawkins must 
be brought to a close. We cannot, however, 
exclude the following statement respecting 
Sir Joshqa Reynolds's pigments, of whom it 
is very harshly said, " The censure justly due 
to any linan who, being paid an enormous price 
for work, does it with materials which will 
not last thetr due time,, certainly attaches 
strongly to him. - - -. That he was sensible 
of this defect I can prove, from his having 
said to my father at one time, that be bad now 
discovered the seat of his error ; — that it con- 
sisted in the exceaaive use of carmine, which 
he had flattered himself he could ' shut in 
with varnish.' He said he bad too hastily 
taken op asapposition, that painters in general 
were too sparing in the use of carmine on 
acconatofiUOMt; and considering tbe great 
prices be received for portraits, he looked on 
It at onhandsome to grudge it : he was now 
convinced that nothing would make it stand, 
and therefore bad disused it, as would be 
proved by the dnrability of his colours in 
future. 

" Btit his colours were tiot mote durable ; 
and how he could so deceive himself, I can- 
not imagine. His flesh-tints, if they resemble 
those of any of the old masten, approach the 
nearest to those of Rubens, whom he always 
admired, and more particularly after be' had 
visited Flanders." - - - 

We now take leave Of a Volume which has 
furnished us with much amusement. On tbe 
accuracy of the writer's memory we are not 
dispiosed always to rely implicitly : a long 
vista of years is apt to alter the eolonr of 
facts as Well as of pictures. Nor is her 
judgment Infallible ; for while she depreciates 
Johnson, she speaks of tbe " gigantic excel- 
lence of Thomas Warton." Bnt with all its 
tmperfections on its head, this is a charm- 
ingly gostippilng book ; and we shall look 
fbr Its continuation as for an anticipated 

■ ' 'igitizedby VjOOQIC 



56 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



Trattato delta malatlud^U aeeelU, Ife. A Trea- 
tise on the DUeasex of Birds, iind on the 
£ruper means of cnre, Sec. By Doctor 
uigi Rossi. Milan I82S. 8to. with two 
plates. 
This is a cnrions foreign work on the dis- 
orders to whirh fowls, tec. are liable : we 
had no idea of the extent of their afflictions. 
The aothbr first treats on the general diseases 
of birds, and then on some of their particular 
disorders, such as epilepsy, asthma, diarrhoea, 
gout, &c. He proceeds to describe the me- 
dicines and the surgical instruments neces- 
sary for the care of those disorders. There 
is an appendix on tlie division of birds into 
families, on their character, thrir food, their 
longevity, their migrations, and on various 
advantages which may be derived from them. 



o&zcixirjui cosjuisrovDBirca. 

MADAME DACIEB AIID POPE. 

" Un onvrase que rAngletcrre a approur^ 
S|>ris rUnpresslon ae sauroit itn mauvab." 

iladamt Daeier — RefiexUmi lur la prmien 
partii d* la Pnface d* Mr. Pope. 
Mr. Editok,— This fair and honourable 
concession from a Lady who, according to 
her own statement, did not know a word of 
English, and who had, it is allowed, some 
cause to be displeased with several attacks 
of severe criticism which Pope had the bold- 
ness to level at her translation of Homer, and 
for which he had afterwards the gentleman- 
like delicacy to apologize, to the entire satis- 
faction of both parties, I* perhaps one of the 
iinest encomiums that, ambng thousands, has 
ever been passed upon our Poet and the good 
taste of thU country. Indeed the first ap- 
pearance of Pope's translation of Homer 
was hailed every where as the rising of a 
new constellation on the highest summit of 
the English Parnassus. The French, althongh 
they were proud to possess Madame Dacitr's 
traduction, translated Pope's Homer hito 
poetical prose. I have seen and read it; 
and their reason for so doing, I mnnt attach 
to a liberal supposition, tliat the English 
gentleman had better nnderstood the M«o. 
man Bard than the French lady herself had 
done. However, as soon as Pope's Herculean 
labour was brought to light, a da^, a nnm- 
berless, and envious rabble of critics crawled 
out of their Gmb-strcet-fusty garreu, and 
atucked it in all ways and manners imagin- 
able. It was strongly sospected that " the 
Author was far from being gnilty of too deep 
a knowledge of the Greek language ;" and 
afterwards roundly asserted that " he never 
understood his great original but through the 
medinm of Madame Dacier's performance j " 
and indeed that he had, *mt plus de drimonU, 
mostly converted the French elegant prose 
into harmonious English verse. 

A staunch and sincere admirer of the emi- 
nent talents evinced in this work, the best in 
its kind*, I long resisted this very com- 
mon supposition, and doubted the tact ; but 
having lately had occasion to consult the in- 
terpretation of tlie learned Lady, and read 
one or two of the books of the Iliad as it 
suited my purpose, I began to sniipect that, 
in many einunutaiwa. Pope had found it more 
comfortable to avail himself of Madame 
Dacier's translation, than to dive boldly into 
endless difficulties, which would' have re- 



tarded his progress had he recorred excln- 
sively to the original toarce—Ignoieendttqiadem, 
d eehtnt igmxere. The following instances, 
promiscuously selected, will, I am snre,justify 
my opinion on the subject. They are, as the 
reader will easily perceive, taken mostly 
froiU'the omameotar parts of the immortal 
Poem, as comparisons, descriptions, &e. — 
passages which naturally yielded to the 
translator a greater liberty to indulge, in 
what he may have supposed to be, a com- 
pensation for want of real, and literal inter- 
pretation.— Kit promiau, I take the field and 
proceed.— For instance — 

— Iliad— Book XIII. ISO— where the Greek 
poet describes most forcibly the resistance of 
the .\rgive batUtions against the Trojans 
who had passed the entrenchments and the 
wall, he says, in the words of Madame Da- 
eier, " les rangs sont si serr^s que Ics piques 
sootienoent les piques, Ics casques joignent 
les casques, les boncliers appuyent les ban- 
cliers; et que les briltantes o^^Mt flottent 
les nnes snr les autres, eommt m ones bmffiua 
deemire$d'unefi>rit,a>umdttgitietdaveia,eUeiie 
mihnt et w an^mdent. Now this comparison, 
however beantitnl, is not in Homer, who 
merely says : " Spears with spears, bucklers 
with bucklers meet ; helmet to helmet, man 
to roan ; these helmets crested with horses' 
tails waved and tonched each other ; so close 
the soldiers stood." Now for Pope : 
Spears lean on spears, on Urgen,targetsthrong ; 
Helms stuck to hefans, and man drove man along. 
The floating ptumet unnumbered wave above 
Ai uhen an earthjHtAe Kin the nodding gnce. 
It is clear that the English poet wanted a 
rhyme to " above," and that he availed him- 
self of the idea of the French lady to com- 
plete his Conplet. We may also observe that 
horse)' tails, (not " aigrettes " or " plumes,") 
are the'only ornaments which Homer men- 
tions-^Anr^Ks^uM K6pv9ti — and that the word 
ffvorrtn tmUmtium, waving, may have sug- 
gested to the lady the picturesque idea of a 
forest rocked in the storm. 

In the same book, 198— Homer compares 
the two Ajaxes carrying away the body of 
Imbrius, to two lions who have snntched a 
gokt (o^'poi capellam) from the dogs. Madame 
Daeier chooses to call it " nne biche," a hind. 
Pope uses the word " fawn," to riiyme with 
" lawa," which transmutation he would not 
have adopted had he not followed Daeier, 
who thought the word " biche " might less 
offend tlw superciliousness of the French 
Epic muse eten in prom, than the low and 
merely pastoral name of " clievre," a goat, 

In. the same book, 337. Idomeneus— " like 
fi lightning which the son of Saturn hnrls 
from the splendid Olympus as a signal to 
men, its beams are conspicuous." This is 
the most literal translation. 

Daeier. Idomenie — *' marcbe semblable 
i un eclair que Jupiter a Iwaci dn haut de 



• Without excepting Oryden's Viigii; which, 
with all its undeniable merit, is not, in my bumble 
opinion, comparable to Pope's Homer. 



* Madame Daeier had no idea of a translation 
in verse of any poem in another lai^nia^. She 
8ay.s : " Uni, je ne crains point de le dire, et je 
pourrois le prouver, les Poetes traduits en vers 
cessent d'etre poetes." She adds, " Quand on 
me fera voit* nne bonne traduction d'Homere, 
je la rem! avec un tres grand plaisir, ct je serai 
la premiere & applaudfa- 4 cette merveille. Mais 
je doute qu'uu |io«tc qui aura bien kt foririiml 
et bien mnii loute la beauli et ta force, ose bt 
basarder." She had not read Dryden's Virgil nor 
Pope's Homer ; and the admirable translation of 
the Georgict by pelille (bis iEndd and Paradise 
Lost are not worth notice) was publi.thed more 
than half a century after her death. 



t'Oiympe poor donner nn signal auxmortels, 
et qui, dMtent letcitux, trace en m^e tenu 
nn sillon de lumiere et de fea dtCun i tntn 
pole. Pope — 
** Like lightning, bunting from the ann of Jove, 
Which to pate man the wrath of heaven dedaro. 
Or terrifies th' offimding world with wars ; 
In streamy spnklsa, kindling all the riot. 
From pole to pole the train of ghny Bies." 
This is certainly beantifot, and equal. If not 
superior, to the Greek original ; but Madame 
Daeier is seen through the veil. Hemer 
mentions no " pole." 

Book xnt. Hi. Homer, verhatim : <■ As when 
tempests excited by high-sonnding windi 
proceed alongj what time the roads are co- 
vered with dost ; and all at once rabe a dark 
cloud of that dust" This is short, simple, 
and expressive of the object intended to be 
represented. Madame Daeier, who fairly 
confesses in a note that she has enlarged the 
comparison, [indeed she has, and most freely] 
expresses herself in the following terms: 
" Comme qnand de violentes terapetes ex- 
cit4es par des vents eontmbns, s'elevent peo- 
dknt Us pUu grande teehereste dt fili, on leur 
voit rassembler de torn eotis des toarbillons de 
pondre(ponssicre)etenformernnniiagefpaia; 
de m^me Cetperanee, la ermte, la rage et It 
rfcwpmr, omoit rattembU dans un seal aspaee tons 
ce* fiers combattans acbam^s les nns cen- 
tre les antres." The words printed in stalks 
arc not in the original, but are fooad in 
Pope's translation. 
As uxirring winds in Siring sultry reign, 
From d^erent quarters sweep the sandy plaio ; 
On eo'ry side the dusty whiiiwinds rise, 
And the dry fieldt are lifted to the Aiet ,-t 
Thus ill dapair, hope, rage, together drie'n. 
Meet the black holts, and meetii^ darken heae'n. 
Can there be a more striking and con- 
vincing proof that the Lady's version, not 
the Greek text, was the exemplar to which 
our poet looked up when translating this 
passage? . 

Again: v. S94. Homer speaks of the spear 
of Hclcnns rebounding from the breastplate 
of Menelans, and compares it to " peas and 
beans thrown off and falling back upon the 
winnow of the thresher." Daeier, yielding 
to the delicacy of the French tongae as used 
in poetry, snbstitntes for " beans and peas," 
the word " grain " corn, which do not convey 
the same meaning, as being much lighter : 
and, after her. Pope says, " Light leaps the 
golden gmin." I must confess that " grain " 
in both languages is more elegant, more 
poetical according to usage ; but, had oot our 
poet followed very closely the steps of the 
learned dame, his genius might have at- 
tempted with success to dignity the humble 
puise in order to keep nearer to the meaoiag 
of the original. 

Book XVI. 834. After having related the 
conflict between Hector and Patroclns, in 
which the latter falls. Homer comparen the 
two heroes to a lion and a wild boar, " who 
have been figliting for the scanty water of a 
small spring on the summit of a moontaia— 
for both wanted to drink. By hia superior 
strength " the linn lays low the panting boar." 
The father of poetry tells the whole in four 
hexameter verses, and yet makes as large a 
picture of the savage strife as Rnbens or 
Snyders would hnve fonnd work enongh to 

+ This wonderful power of li/ling up drfjMdt 
to the tkiet is neither countenance! by Homer, 
Daeier, or any other translator ; but this aiM 
other inaccuracies arc mere ins^nificant spots 
upon the effulgent disk of the meridian sun. 



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JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



57 



tlo. It i» a mo«t mighty subject for a North- 
cote, • Ward, or a Landseer of our days, — 
let them try. The Lady savs : " Tel qu'nn 
lion qui apres avoir traversl des montagnes 
indtafiirCardaiTdu Sokil, scoatnmvtr leteanm 
JCmn «Mi asiatsire — [Homer says no such thing] 
rencontre tmt i amp prds d'nne sonrcp, un 
fiirieax langlier qni, la gueuU biatOe, et encore 
UmU du mitg ia httenptil a demrcet, chcrche 
ansri a etandier sa soif. La source est trop 
petite poor lea desalterer tons deox— ils se 
duTgent avec one ipAe forie, et enfin le 
lioD, apra diven atuuu, terrasae son ennemi." 
Tbii i< not a translation bnt a paraphrase. 
This picture is over done ; we xee too mnch 
of it to be snrprised, interested or pleased. 
Let us bear Pope: 

So, avrcAV with heat, along the deeert there. 

The raaring lion meets a bristly boar — 
Rssrti^ and brittty make this line of Pope 
rather tame, if not flat. We proceed : tion <go 
fwtit effenior maeula. 

Fast by tbe spring. (What spring; ?] 
- - - - TTieyiioth dispute the flood. 

With flaming eyes aaijam betmear'd loith btaid ; 

At length the sovereign savage urins the strife. 

And the torn boar resigns his thirst and life. 

WithoDt animadverting upon tbe lull trans- 
fermed into a rfescrt Aort, and the tmall ipring 
into a fired, I must observe that " jawi be- 
teuu t d mtk Uoad" does not belong to Homer, 
bat to Dacier. The pretty conclusion, " re- 
signs his thirst and life," is not to bet found, 
as tlie classitvl reader may gaess, in Homer, 
nor even in Dacier. 

In the same book, v. 412. The Greek has 
EpioAor, the Latin translation Eryalum (Can- 
lab. 16T9) Dacier translates Eurualus, and so 
does Pope. If the Greek text is right, why 
shonld Pope have preferred Madame Da- 
der's reading? bnt I confess that Euryalus 
■iebt have been the Homeric word. 

Book xnt. 4. Sieut atifua eirti vitulum mater 
frimaenixa, jytrula, non ante erperia partwn. In 
Homer, one hexameter and a half, only eleven 
words. " Comme nue g^nisse," says Ma- 
dame Dacier.t " qni nc vient qne d'etre mere 
tmme antonr de son premier at, avec des 
Bwngiemena et des plaintes fni temaignent *a 
atarma et ton affection, lantjamtii tdbandonner, et 
lonjmtnprttealedefendrt." "ITiis is ai;ain a para- 
phrase, not a strict translation. Pope is not 
qnite so diflbse, bnt be has evidently bor- 
rowed from tbe adscititions ornaments of the 
femile interpreter. 

Thus round her new-Ciirn young the heifer moves. 
Fruit if her throei andfirst-bom of her loves, 
And anxious (helpktt as he liet and bare) 
Trnna and retwiu her vith a mother't care. 

This is not one of the happiest passages in 
the English translation. The poet seems to 
have laboured under tome great difficnity. I 
do not wonder at it ; the comparison is not fit 
for any epic style, Latin, French, nor English ; 
bnt ii elegant in Homer, who does not even 
use the name of " G^iiisse, vjche," heifer, or 
cow, bnt merely says iiri'"ll> t'le mother, al- 
thongh in another place, he compares one of 
his heroes, Ajax, to an ass. 

Book XVII. 133. 5trut aliquit Ito, circa eatulot 
nw, evi quidem catiUoi ducenii, oecurrerint in tiled 



fThe word mother, " m*re" or " vftche" 
oooid not find a place in the poetical prose of 
Dacier. She had the good ta.5te to sulwtituie 
" g*nisse" a heifer, for it, although both " g6- 
nisae " and " heifer " mean a female of the 
hotiae kmd, that had never had calves. Pope 
follows the French translator, but both are jus- 
tified by the Greek expres!>ton, non ante experta 
ptrlam. 



orrt venatoret — hie auttm fti ix i t tr i nt iu tur, Mumftte 
tupereiUum doonum trahit, oculos tegens. — Trans- 
lation of the Camb. Ed. 1079, above men- 
tioned. " II se tient comne nn lion, qni em- 
portant (conduisant) ses lion<;eanx, rencontre 
dans la foret nne tronpe de chasseurs, de- 
meiire ferme, ramasse toutes te» forces, et pnipor- 
tionnantsoncoimigeiFainettrqu,'UapoursespetiU,i\ 
BCUTaedengeetfermelesyettZttuperil."~DsiC'\er. 
The terrible trowo of the lion is left out by 
the lady. Pope- 
Thus i» the ceiOer of some gloomy won). 
With many a step the lionets surrounds 
- Her tawny young, beset by men and hounds, 

Elate her heart, and rmaing all her power. 
Dark a'er the fiery balls etch han^ng eyebrow 
lowen. 
Dacier's translation is rather loose, as may 
be seen by the passages printed in italics ; 
bnt had not Pope peeped into it, be nii{;ht 
not have conceived and written the beautiful 
line: 
" Elate in heart, and rousing all her power." 
Why the lion sliouUI have been tamed into 
a lionets by the English translator, I see no 
strong reason. In Homer, it is the terrific 
father of the tawny whelps who leads them 
through a forest — it is be who faces the 
hunters, and draws his eyebrows down, and 
covers the fiery flashes of his eyes. The 
construction of the lion's eye, partaking of a 
pecnliarity belonging to the feline race, seems 
to have been known to the venerable father 
of poetry. 

Hook XTll. S38. Homer: Profeetd pauiulttm 
saltern, propter Menatiadem morUimn, ear dolore 
Uuni, deteriorem licet interfeeerim : "At least, 
however, have I lessened the grief of my 
heart for the death of Patroclns, although 
the one I have slain was not to be compared 
to bim." Madame Dacier says : " Qnoiqur 
ce gnerrier fat bien inferienr A Patrocle, je 
ne laisse pas de con<;evoir quelque consola- 
tion de t'avbir immoI£ anx manei de ce heros." 

Pope — 
" Accept, Patroclns, this mean sacrifice — 
Thus have I sooth'd my grieb, and thus have paid. 
Poor as it is, tome &f*ring to thy shad*." 

The maiim or shade are not mentioned in the 
Greek. Madame Dacier nsed " manes de ce 
heros" to wind np her phrase; and Pope 
avails himself of iWa to make a rhyme. 

Book XVIII. V. 20, et seq. When Antilochus 
brings to Acliilles the sad tidings of the death 
of Patroclns, Madame Dacier says that the 
fVantic and desponding son of Thetis threw 
over his head and body handfnlls of burning 
ashes, so tliat the purple of bis vest is defiled 
by them. " La pourpre de ses habits en est 
converte." — Pope follows — 

- • - - he spread 
The larrching adtes o'er his graceful head. 
His purple garments, and his golden hairs. 
. Homer docs not mention the cotonr of the 
hero's garments, therefore the English trans- 
lator has it from the French interpreter. 
Besides, " cendre encore brnlante " in Da- 
cier's, and " scorching ashes " in Pope's, arc 
not right. Homer says, Ai9oAof inroj', " cendres 
broKes " puloerem alram, as it is translated in 
many Latin versions of the Iliad. " Galdea 
hairs " is Pope's own, and so is the following 
cnrions couplet : 
On the hard soil his groaning breast he ihreu 
And roll'd and grovelVd, at to earth he grew. 
We hnd before " cast on the ground," bnt 
this ii trifling when compared to the snperior 
meritof Pope's translation, which, considered 
in the whole, is, as I have asserted, the best 
of the kind. N. B. nop^upiy might be fonnd 



inttead of Nutropcy In some editions which 
the lady may have consulted, bat it is not 
probable. However, as the beverage of the 
gods was nectar, Dacier may have supposed 
that it bore some resemblance in colour at 
least to the beverage of men—" the puiple 
juice of the grape." I find in Book Xix. v. 38. 
viKTap ipvBpbv — the purpU or red nectar. 

Book xviii. V. 50. Thetis sa^s to lier 
sister Nereids, speaking of Achilles, " he 
grew like a plant," Iprti tns—enoit ptanta 
timHit." The French lady, in her lively fancy, 
made this plant an olive tree — " il. est ertt (il 
crfit) comme un olivier," &c. Then comes 
Pope, close on the flowing train of his beloved 
Madame Dacier, and says, as a faithful echo, 
Like some/air oUte, by my careful hand 
He grew, jtc 

This is to the pnrposc. Bat must I go on, 
Mr. Editor, loading yon and your compositors, 
and yonr columns, and yonr readers, with 
more proofs than necessary, to confirm what 
I have asserted ? One or two more instances, 
and I have done. 

Book XVIII. T. SIS. Homer says : " Sed 
Adtivi totd noete circa Patnetam tutpirabanl lu- 
gentet." Dacier adds : " Et font rctentir Ic 
rivage de lenra cris et de leurs gemissemens." 
This is not in Homer. Soon tbiiows a com- 
parison abont a lion who has lost his whelps ; 
and then, still close upon the steps of tbe 
French translator, and gathering up carefully 
the flowers which drop from her lap. Pope 
claps this addition of Dacier to the simile, 
and says, speaking of tbe lion : [sounds." 

" His clamorous grief the bellowing wood re- 

These coincidences happen abont ten lines 
from each other. 

In the same Book, v. 380. Vnlcan has not 
yet fastened to the tripods the handles which 
Homer describes as " cnrionsly wronght," 
SaiUdKia. Dacier says : " Les anses qni etoient 
travaill^es avec nne merveillensc variety de 
conlenrs ct de figures." This interpretation, 
fancifnl as it is. Pope weaves into these bean- 
tiful lines : 

For their fm handles now, o'er termtg^ withfloioert 
In moulds prepar'd, the glowing ore he pours. 

In the same Book, v. 469. Homer riys, 
that " Twenty bellows blew at once, and apon- 
taneonaly into the furnaces." Dacier trans- 
lates it " twenty furnaces," ving: foumeaox." 
Pope says : 

And ttoenty forges catch at once the fire. 

If any donbt was ever entertained of the 
meaning of Homer, the very text ought to 
have settled it. Vide the Greek original, in 
which, according to the Hcllenistical idiom, 
vigenti omnn must apply to fotkt and not to 
fomarUna. 

Book IV. v. 452. Sient quandoflntiidemonlihut 
fluentet in convallem eonferunt impetiutam aqiiam— 
canalibui ex magnii concatiiiin intra o^Demn ; homn 
autem ptocul Jragorem in montibiu audit paitor.* 
Dacier : " Tela one d'inipetnenx torrens, j'nw/'i 
par let pluitt de I hiver," ifc. not in Homer, but 
allnded to in Pope : 

'* As torrents roll increased by numerous rills." 

In the same Book, v. 422. Dacier: " On les 
voit venir (les flots) les uns sur les antres." 
Not in Homer, but in this remarkable line of 
l*ope: 

The tvave behind tolls on the ware before, 

• This beautiful simile has been almost lite- 
rally translated in the following hexameters : 
Hand sec iis ac rapidl, ceUis de montibus, amnes 
De!iup6rimmen8os,magno cum muriiiiin:,fiuctiu) 
Pnecipitant,conduutquesimulsiihvalle|irofuiid&; 
At Pastor de colic sonos perterritus audit. Z. 



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5& 



i^ni LlT^RAiiy GAiEfi'Bi, and 



wbich is certainly not one of liis l>est, as it 
expresiics, in sonoding harmooy, the most 
conunoa traiMii imaginable; aad one might 
lie allowed joeoscjy to say — 

B^t wbea a change doe* happen in the wind, 

The wave before rolls on the ware behind. 

Hitherto, Mr. Editor, I have giTen in- 
stances i^ which it appears that Pope closely 
followed the steps of Dacier ; now I must 
show that be had not always availed himself 
of ber help, for if be had, he never coald 
have been gniltv of the mistake he committed 
in translating the following passage. 

Book XVIII. V. 371. \iror t' M xaA^ '*•'< 
KturtMji foi^^ 

" Tlie string (of the lyre which the boy was 
playing to the vintagers) sweetly answered 
. with a tender tonnd — dwrda autim belle t-oo- 
nabat itndU voct," Dacier says : " Un jenne 
gar;on marie les doux accens de sa voix avec 
le son harmonieux de sa guitarre." Pope 
says — 

To these a youth swaket the warblinx strings, 

'Whose tender by ihefate ^' Lhuu tmgt. 

I am aware that the scholiast of Homfer, 
quoted by Madame Bader, mentions an old 
song on the sad fate of Linns ; but tbfe learned 
lady did not adopt this interpretation ; the 
Greek test appeilred to her too dear to be 
alterrd in her version. The Latin translator 
(1070) chorda anUm, See. did not miss the effect 
of the adverb M, mbttr, as if the sounds ot 
the chords were subservient to that of the 
bi^'s voice. 

Book xnr. v. 810. Venus, before she grants 
tbc request of Juno, (who ha* just told the 
greatest falsehood) and delivers to her the 
all-winning Zone, the irresistible CtituM, an- 
swers her in a most polite and courtly style: 
Km Uett, «{«« deett quad fetit daiegare — Jovii 
mam opiim m ubtit etitet ; wbich Dacier trans- 
lates, more elegantly than correctly, in these 
words : " II n'y auroit ni justice ni bien- 
seance i ne pa* vons accorder vo tre demande ; 
Eh ! que pent-on refuser a nne d^esse dan* 
(snr)lesein de laqdelle le maltrt dn tonnerre 
daigne se reposcrf " The Greek says: " <br 

Jou repose in the arms of the great Jupiter." 
'erhaps to give her sex a sort of superiority, 
the French lady turned it the other way. To 
avoid, I Rup|iOsc, this sort of contradiction, 
Pope cut the Gordian knot, and left ont al- 
together the answer of Vena*. However, 
the chasm might be filled up by the following 
lines: 
" How ran the claim of Juno be denied ?'' 

The lovely mistress of all chinns replied, 
" Tis hut, 'tis fit to yicM to your request, 
Who soitly slumbers on Jove's mighty breast." 
8he said.— Z. 

Book XVIII. V. 601. Descrlblnt a dance iii 
the last compartment of the shield of -Achilles, 
Homer compares the whirling round of tbe 
performers to the rapidity of the Potter't 
*heel when he tries it lor tbe first time. Da- 
cier did not only translate, but did also elu- 
cidate tbe comparison in a note. Had P6pe 
read tho great original, or his female inter- 
preter, he would not have discarded so apt, 
■0 beautiful a simile, and substituted for it 
tbe following couplet : 
So whirls a wheel, in piiy circle tost. 
And, rapid as it runs, the single spokes sre lost.* 
The ' excellent image of the potter, sitting 
down, iiiittnt Ktpt^tbt, before his new wheel 

• Tliis Is applicable to all sorts of wheels ex- 
cept tbe potter's, wliich has uo spokex. It u a 
fiat round table which he puis into ciicuhu- mo- 
tion by tbc alternate pressure of bis feet. 



yet unloaded with clay, and trying how last, 
now freely it turns, is entirety lost in Pope ; 
not on account of nnwortblness, or lowness, 
for next to sculpture and architecture, the 
oeramic art was highly esteemed 1^ tbe 
Greeks, but most likely because the trans- 
lator, as I have just taken the liberty to aay, 
did not always follow his original author. 

Were I not persuaded that classical readers 
will not be displeased with the contents of 
this paper, I would offer an apology for its 
length, as sincerely and tmly as T remain, 
Mr. Editor, Your's, &c. &c. Z. 

COMMERCUL ROITTB FROM ASTRACnjUl OVtm 
THE CASPIAN SEA 10 CIIIWA AND BUCRARIA. 

[Communicated from Attraehatt fry an eye-aStnes$,) 

The mychants who go from tltis city to Chiwa 
and Bucbaria, over the Caspian sea, anchor 
on tbe soath-westem coast, which is called 
by tbe IVnchmenlans Mangiscblak, and by 
the Russian navigators on .the Caspian Sea 
Mangiscblakski Harbour. Here tlie goods 
are taken otit of the vessels, wbichfainst pass 
between the islanda Kulaia and Ssi^atoi and 
Cape Katagan; hither, too, tbe caravani 
come, to pass over to Astracban. 

Formerly tbe merchandise was sent npon 
camels over the mountains which baund the 
east and southern shores of the sea. This wa* 
executed by Trnchinenians,.ifho led a raving 
life in theneigbbonrhoodofMangischlid^and 
brought goods to the Chiwan town of^Urt 
gansb ; they have now almost entirely ceased 
wandering, and Kirgese have taken their 
place. The caravans cross the mountains iu 
about twenty days, and descend Into tbe 
valley, where tbe chain divides into two 
branches. On the way there are wells dug 
in suitable places by the Kirgose, Tmcbme. 
nians, and travellers. The route over the 
mountains ia stony, .and almost destitnte 
of wood. Half way is a square building) 
which consists of a wall, about 300 fathoms 
in circumference and two fathoms high. There 
is a door in the wall, but within are neither 
buildings nor ruins. The Truchmenians call 
this building Olaok, aqd say that it was 
erected in ancient times, by a people of whose 
name they are ignorant, and that the stones 
employed in it were fetched from tlie lake at 
tlie foot of tlie building, which is highly pro- 
bable, as the shores of the lake are of tbe 
same kind of stoue. The shore is very bigb and 
steep, and only a narrow path leads to tbe edge. 
The lake is very deep and never calm, but 
yields no fish ; and it ia remarkable, that the 
waters of tbe lake, and of many wells in tbe 
mountain, wbich from ancient times bad been 
salt. and bitter, have cbapged within these 
seventeen years into fresh water, fit for 
drinking. 

Little more than a day's journey farther 
on, upon the left hand, there is another lake, 
which is exactly SOO fathoms in circumfe- 
rence. The bottom is marsby, and hnmerons 
springs of bitter water fall with a loud noise 
from the high and rocky banks. In tbe 
distance there is a mountain, from which, 
when the sky is clear, a sqnare stone castle 
may be seen. It is not known what it con- 
tains: a tradition only says that it was built 
before the time of Mabomet, by a conqueror 
of several nations, named Iskandar or Snl- 
Kamain ; and tliat both he, and after him 
another conqueror, named Dshamschit, con- 
cealed in it Immense treasures, which tliey 
took from the vanquished nations; and lastly, 
that Tamerlane intended to make use of the 



castle, but for some reason or other did not 
execute bis project. Was not this perkapt 
tbe origin of the singular naine &riJalom, 
Le. heufaniaica!/—heuleU: oi he goaauag and 
dote not return. . , 

In these mountains there are wil(i horses, 
buffaloes, foxes and hares, "rhe first some- 
times approach the caravams and are smaller 
than horses iu general. Coral grows in abund- 
ance on the bank of the Man^cblak. 

On descending into the valley, yon per- 
ceive, in an anglfs formed by tlie above-men. 
tioned tide branches, a lake, called Oi-Aognr, 
wbich arose about twenty years agq. It 
contains fresh water, i«i about 400 fathoms in 
circumference, very deep, and abonnda in fish 
of the s^me-kinds as those in tlie Caspiao sea; 
behce the Trncbmeniant conjecture that it 
has a subterraneous connexion with tbat sea. 
But as the same kind of fish are found in 
Lake Aral, it may be supposed that tltey 
come from that lake with the river Amn, for 
that stream falls into the Aral Irom a bend ; 
but during the inundation in spring it has a 
connexion witli the Oi-Bogur, by an arm 
proceeding from the same bend, while another 
arm of this river runs iu an opposite diree. 
tion, >.(. soutli-west, and annually approaches 
tlie Caspian Sea. 

The sudden appearance of this lake must 
be ascribed to an earthquake. Iu many placet 
in the interior of the mountains «re caverns, 
which send forth a hollow sound when one 
strikes with a heavy weapon on the surCicc; 
and one of tliese caverns, which is very deep 
and dark, is said to have first been made 
knowu by a caravan sinking into it. On tbe 
bank of Mangiscblak is a mountain called 
Abiscbtscha, which constantly emits a sul- 

fihuroos vapour from its crater; bladi atones 
ie scattered all around. 

In general all the mountains of this conatry 
•re involved in fogs ; and tliotigfa tbe 'tnn 
frequently illumines them, it is but for a short 
time together. Showers of rain are frequent. 

From tbe mountains to Urgansh the road 
is level; trees of varioiu kinds grow betide 
it, especially one called Ltakssaul. Thia tree 
is about three fathoms high, has wide spread- 
ing branches, and is so hard that it is difiicnlt 
to Ml i^ with an axe. The wood is brittle, 
and sinks in the water. There qre different 
kinds of wild animals, and even lions, in the 
forests. 

The roving Truchmenians inhiibit the' eaat- 
em side of the Caspian Sea. Their nei«^- 
bours arc tlie Cbiwant, with whom they live 
on good terms ; some of tlie 'Truchmenians are 
even in the service of the Cban of Chiwa. Tlie 
Truchmenians are a plundering and a perfidi- 
ous people, live by breeding cattle, and par tly 
by agriculture, but are not fond of commerce. 
It must be observed, however, that tbey carry 
on a pretty considerable slave-trade with Chi* 
wa, for which purpose tbey mAe prisoners of 
Persians and of the fishermen on tbe Eniba,* 
which is, even at this period, infested by tbeni. 
Tbe Bnchariau caravans going to Mangi- 
scblak are often plundered by Truchmenians 
assisted by the Chiwans. It is on this ac- 
count tbat tbc Bucharian merchants have for 
some time past ceased to take this road, and 
go partly by the way to Orenburg, and partly 
to the custom-house of Storotscblkow. 



• Emba, Em, a cousklerable river wh'ich forms 
the boundary of tbe soveroment of Ureoburg, aad 
the Khgese Desert (or Steppe.) The Kirgese call 
it Dschem i.e. Berry river, from the great abund- 
ance of raspberries which grow ou its banks. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



JOUIINAL 01* THE BteLLES LETTRES. 



59 



The Kirgeie,«tio, u I have «boT« men- 
tioned. now eicort the earavaas over tlie 
■onntains initead of the Trachbieniaiia, are 
likewbc a rode and piandering people- Tbeir 
pr^lpal means •('• upport ie breeding CHttle ; 
thev also employ themselves in the chace, 
ud in Ihe roannractiire of felt and camlet 
oatofcAnela'kair. 

Tk( Trachnieniana aad KirgeVi ««<^<lPt 
itMxe whe have become subject to Rnssia, 
iite vritbont aoy constituted governnient, 
liionjh the fonaer have princes and the latter 
dians; bat tbey hardly pay theni any obe- 
ditDre. The Kirge»e xtand in some awe of 
(be Ctiiwans, and all profess the Mahometan 
rrllgion. After the example of the Troch- 
megiani, tbry creatly oppress the merchants, 
and met duties npon goods. The Asiatics 
ire in some degree exempted from this ex- 
tortion, by their common religion anil their 
Irirnrfly intcrronrse with tliese people. 

Thtse robbers have likewise begnn of late 
to natigate tlie Caspian sea, and use for that 
pirpo^e vessels which tttey have takcri 
fron the Russian fixbermen, on the model of 
vbich they have built some of their own, 
1U] have fire-arms on board, and even 
attack large fishing vessels. Tbeir fleet, how- 
eter, consists only of five vessels. 

Tbe caravans employ five days in going 
from Lake Oi-Bognr to tlrgansh. Vrgansh is 
inportsnt as the rendexvons of the caravans 
toiDg from Bnrliaria and Chiwa to Rassia, 
Pcriia, and Turkey. 

Tie Karakalpacks, a wandering people, 
li«e to the left of Chiwa, on the eastern side 
of Lake Aral; they arc more peaceably dis- 
poMd than the Kirgese and Trurhmenlnns, 
aidtnbsist by agricultute and breeding cattle< 
Tkey were loimcrly governed by chans,whose 
commands, however, they did not much re- 
lict In the sequel, part of them submitted 
It the government of Russia, aod the others 
ire tributary to the Chiwans. ^ . 

The Chi wan caravans go front Vrgansh to 
Chiwa, tbeir capital, a distance of 70 wersts. 
Bat the Bucbariaos go only to their first 
to«o, El-Dsblk, whither the light bales are 
btotight in three days by land ; but the heavy 
bales are seut down the river Amu, along 
abich they arc conveyed, in seven or eight 
days, on ill-built raits drawn by men, lor 
they are nnac(]uaiDted with the use of botb 
ui» aud uars. 



£at,±m Ain> BCtxncxB. 

LATt IHUPTlON OF MOUNT VESUVIlll. 

{Ztlnatdfnm ike Ltlttntfm Sge-witum.) 

Safia, 25 Oct. isaa. 

TvisD&T aftenwen, th« 22d instant, we 
•ere inrpriiie<d by a terrible emption of Ve 
•ovias, whieh has lasted three days and is 
aotaver. The lava has taken new directions ; 
Ihoagb in great abundance, it has not yet 
readied the sea, and it has burnt and covered 
•ely aoe vilbge on the moantahi, namely, 
Basro tre Case. 

This emptienha* thrown ont ashes hi' such 
caoniHMa qnantities that the streams of lava 
cmM scarcely be seen. The dreadful explo- 
sioB of the moontain, which resembled the 
BMst violent tknmler, and the flashes of liglit- 
alag prodaced by the electricity, (a scene 
*Urfa eontianed throogb the whole of the 
airht> Increased the terror of the people. 
We ao Dot reeoUect to bitve seen so terrible 
In eruption. All the inhabitants of the town* 
of Pordd, Itcaina, Torre del Creco, Torre 



deir Annunaiata, 8cc. situated on the bottom 
of the mountain on the side of Naples, as 
well as all tlie inhabitants on the other side of 
the mountain, sought refuse in the city. The 
court has caused all the valuablu effects of the 
palaces of Portici and Resina to be removed ; 
— they have like wise ordered relief to Ije given 
to the poor who have lell their homes. The 
whole day, yesterday, was passed in conster- 
nation: the mountain did not emit much fire, 
but a prodigious quantity of ashes ; the shower 
ceased at Naples last night, but they still 
continue to be thrown up by the mountain 
We lulve not seen the sun since the day 
before yenterday, the sky being still obscured 
by the ashes carried about by the wind. The 
theatre will be closed this evening. Yesterday 
the processions commenced in honour of St. 
Januarius. The ashes prevent all commnnl- 
cation at the foot of Ihe mountain, for in some 
places tliey are six feet deep ; they might be 
compared to snow, if they did not cause such 
an intolerable dust. AVe bopc soon to be 
freed from this scourge, for no one who is 
not a witness of the disaster can conceive the 
terror which It Inspires. 

Happily we have not bad any earthquake) 
but our fears ire not yet dispelled. I send 
with this letter some of the ashes which fell 
at Naples, and which I picked up in my own 
house.* 

A^ipbi, Nosembtr 5, 1822. 

Tlic emption of Vesuvius, of which I before 
wrote, has beeta one of Ihe most striking and 
remarkable on record. It much resembled 
(but on a smaller scale) that of the year 79 of 
our era ; and we have experienced a part of 
what is related by Pliny the yonnger. 

On thi' evehing of the date of my last 
Letter, the fhry of the volcano appeared to 
be considerably increased ; the torrents of 
lava burst forth In all directions. Towards 
eleven o'clock the appearance wa; terrible ; 
an enormona eoliunn of black ashes rose from 
the crater,'in the form of a cone, to an extra- 
ordinary height ; the lightnings darted from 
the mouth of Vesuvius, traversing the im- 
mense cloudet ashes in all directions, and in 
infinite ramifications. Issuing thence, they 
struck the sides of the nioantain or the sur- 
face of the sea. I cannot give yon a better 
idea of the surprising effect, th»n by com- 
paring it with a sparkling magic ])iclnre ex- 
hibited iuelectrical experiments. The cloud 
was really a gigantic woik of this kind, 
being 'composed of volcanic sand floating in 
the air. £very thing passed in the same 
manner, except that this magic picture was 
several miles in extent. When there was a 
snperrtnity of clectricat fluid, it discharged 
with It great noise ; whereas the currents of 
electricity, which crossed it in overy direc- 
tion, did not occasion any sensible detona- 
tion. The consternation was general; the 
inbiibitants of Torre del Greco, Annuuziata, 
BoFCO trie Case, and Ottajano, precipitately 
forsook their dwellings. Day-light came, 
but all the environs of Vesuvius were in- 
volved in. darkness. The shower of a.shes 
carried by the wind was scattered to a great 
distance. At Naples no one could go out 
without an umbrella to keep off the coarser 
ashes. The appearance of the city Was most 
mournful, and the news we received from the 

• These ashes are an almost iwpal|)Bble powder 
of a bright violet colour ; the dust is veiV hard, 
and when spread upon leather a penknife nuqr be 
slmrpencd ou it : we may .suppose it to IK ot the 
nature of the pumice itone. 



places threatened was very alarming. The 
fnrnitiire of the Royal Paiacea of Portici 
and of the Favourite waa removed with the 
ntroost speed ; and four or five thousand fu- 
gitives, who had fled to the city, increased 
tlie alarm. The processions marched throngli 
the streets ; the churches were filled with 
supplicants, who implored all the Saints to 
put an end to this calamity. . 

At length the lava stopped in its progress. 
It has done but little mischief, having only 
covered ancient correots proceeding firom 
rarious preceding eruptions ; but the shower 
of volcanic substances and ashes has caused, 
and still occasions, incalculable damage. All 
the country is covered with them, and the 
communications are interrupted. In many 
places they have fallen to tlie depth of five or 
six feet, and Pompeii Is, as it were, again 
bnned as it was in the year 70. 

I have collected several pounds of these 
ashes, which fell in my balcony. They were 
of a reddish brown in the beginning, then 
whitish. Ttie first appear to me to be a 
powder of pumice-stones: it is excellent to 
deaden metals. 

Several chymists have analysed it, and 
M. P^p^ has discovered in it the following 
ingredients : sulphate of potash, sniphate of 
soda, sub-sulphate of ahiniine, of chalk, and 
of magnesia ; hydro-chlorate of |)otash, that 
of soda, a good deal of oxid ot aluminium, 
calcium, siliciura, and magnesium ; much 
trioxid of Iron, aiitlmoiiy, and a little gold 
and silver. The chyniist, who has contented 
himself with announcing the existence Of 
these different substances in the ashes of the 
eruption, promises to investigate and publish 
their respective proportions. Other sub- 
stances which the menutain continnes to 
throw oat are very different from the pre- 
ceding. 

This eruption appears to me to favour tbe 
hypothesis, that the volcanic fire may be pro- 
duced by tlie infiltration of tbe sea-water, 
in the masses of potassium, sodium, &c. 
which are not yet oxidated ; and the produc- 
tion of electrical fluid in Such great abun- 
dance may arise from the same source, since 
t^e effects of the voltaic pile (mi^e) are ob- 
tained by the oxidation of metals. 



ZiSAitma) soczstxbs. 

Oxford, Jan. 18. — On Tuesday last, the 
first day of Lent Term, the following De- 
grees were conferied: — 

Buchelnr in Divinit;/ — Rev. J. Hall, Si. Ed- 
mund Hall, grand compounder. 

Matttn of Am R. Doughty, St. Albao Hall; 

Rev. }. Strickland, Merton College ; C. J. Bishop, 
8i. Mary Hall ; Rev. J. Sankey, St. Edmund Halt ; 
Rev. W. Harriion, Chaplain <tf Christ Chutch. 

Bachelors (f Arts. — Rev. F. Bryans, St. Edmund 
Hall, incorporated from Trinity College, Dublin ; 
J. Armlstead, Trinity College ; Germain Lavie, 
Chriiit Church. 



mVB A&TB. 

TRB BRITISH INSTITimON. 

The British Gallery opens to the Public on 
Monday with an Exhibition of Modern Art, 
and one as mtich to tbe credit of the British 
School, as far as we can judge from a hurried 
glance, as any which has recently been seen. 
At present we have neither time nor room to 
expatiate ; but we must notice a pictare of 
tbe Coronation by Mr. Jones, a rich and ad- 
mirable memorial of that gorgeous scene 



Digitized by 



Cjoogle 



60 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



r 



P'roin gome of oiir Artists wlio have licen a' 
Koine, there arc strikiiis proofs of the benefit 
derived from their studies in that classical 
capital : Mr. Davis has a stand work of a 
Maniac Father visited by his Family — a trnly 
Italian composition of the hifjhest rank ; 
Mr. IJrockedon a Vision of Nchemiali (we 
believe,) also a great production of the .same 
class— other cxrellcnt Heads, &c. by the 
same painter, enrich the Collection. Mr.Rast- 
lake has some very plctnrtsinie and clever 
scenes of Italian Banditti, &c. In which the 
heroine of one of these hands figures con- 
spiciionsly. 

Mr. Howard, the academician, has con- 
frilintcd fine specimens of his poetical taste 
and skill. Mr. Ward's transcendent Cattle- 
piece graces the nppcr room, and is itself an 
exhibition. Linton hasoueof the most splen- 
did Landscape-pieces we have witnessed 
frim: a living; hand ; Chalons, clever French 
dramas ; Jackson, a vi(;orons and superb 
head of Henry IV. (Macrcady ;) anil Steward- 
son, some beaiitifnl fancy portraits. I'ickers- 
gill, withan Inl'nnt God, sustains his hi^h 
reputation. Mrs. Carpenter has some noble 
Heads; and, in short(wc must end hurriedly,) 
there is a rare variety of rising genius and 
popular attraction. 

LITHOGRAPHIC PORTKAIT OFTIli KING. 

This Print, by .4clio, and published by 
J. Uooscy & Co. is, we think, the best spe'- 
cimen of litlioi;rapliic portrait that has yet 
appeared in luicland. At first si;;ht it slniek 
na as if some other process had been ad- 
joined in order to improve the style ; but 
upon more close inspection, we arc convinced 
that the whole is brought ffom the stone. His 
Majesty is represented in the robe, \:c. of the 
Garter: the head is well placed, and the 
likeness excellent, though the general effect 
is rather Frenchilied. A connoisseur, besides, 
is nothing unless he can discover a blemish ; 
and we have to siHii;esl one, by the amending 
of which, in our opiniou, this work will be 
made deserving of increased pop>ilarity. The 
eyes appear to us to be too small ; anil from 
the want of a little charging, llie left seems 
even less than the right. -A few deeper lines 
will readily remove this objection, and then 
wc would say that we have not seen any 
likeness of the King so well calculated for 
general acceptance over the kingdcmi, from 
the port-folio of the wealthy collector, to the 
cliimuey-picce of the lowly and loyal. 



OmOZM-AXi POSTHT. 

MlilllLI.ION WAFKRS. 

f flic hint for this series of I'ocms I'tn he con- 
tinued occasion.illy) has been taken liDin the 
iiccouiit of the .Medallion Wafers iu the lAterarij 
Gazette. 'I'hese slight things preserve many of 
the most heaulit'ul forms of amiquily; and they 
arc here devoted to vcr.se, on the supposition that 
they have been employed ai seals to lovers' cor- 
lespoudeuce.] 

I.NTRODUCTION. 
I do so prize the .slightest thing 

Touclicd, looked, or breathed upon by thcc, 
That ;ill or aught wliich cju but bring 
One single thjught of thine to me, 
Is precious as a pilgrim's gift 
Upon the shnue he most loves left. 
And if, like those charmed caves that weep, 

Preserving tears of crystal dew. 
My lute's flow has a power to keep 

From perishing what it shrines too — 
It only shall preserve the things 
Bearing the bright print of Love's wings. 



Here's many a youth with radiant brow 

Darkened by raven curl's like thine. 
Beauty, whose smile hums even now, 

And love-tales made by song divine : 
And these have been the guardian powers 
To words as sweet as summer flowers. 
I'll tell thee now the history 

Of these sweet shapes : they are so dear, 
Earh has been on a scroll from thee; 

Thy kiis, thy sigh, are glowing here : 
They'll be the spirit of each tone 
I fain would wake from chords long gone. 
Just glimpses of the fairest dre.ims 

I've had when in a hot noon sleeping, 
Or those diviner, wilder gleams 

When I some starry watch wai keeping ; 
And sometimes those bright waves of thought 
Only from lips like thine. Love, caught. 
Oh dear, these lights from ilic old world, 

So redolent with love and song ! 
lliosc radiant gods, now downward hurled 

From the bright thrones they helil so long ! 
But they have poiv-r that cannot die 
Over the heart's eternity. 

CUPIU RIDING A PEACOCK. 

All the colours glistening 
On the rainbow of the spring. 
Mingled with the deeper hue 
Of the grass green emerald too, 
Are upon that bird, whose neck 
Crimson wreaths of rases deck,— 
Mounted by a Boy, whose lip 
Is such as the bee would sip 
For the first rosebud in .M.iy. 

Love, upon a summer day. 
Bade the Graces link a chain 
Of sweet flowers, for a rein 
Round the peacock's glorious wing. 
Forth Jie rode ; tlien, like the king 
Of bright colours, smiles, and blooms, 
Sunny darts and golden plumes. 

Oh this is not tltat sweet love 
0\Tii companion to the dove \ 
But a wild and wanduriui; thing, 
Varying as the lights that fling 
Radiance o'er his peactKk's wiiig. 
1 do weep, tliat Love should be 
Ever linked with Vanity. 

At.M-VNTA, rrpresented a* a Huntress with htrhow. 
A Huntress with her silver bow, 
And radiant curls upon the snow 
Of a young brow, wbcse open look 
Was fair and pure as the clear brook 
On which the moonlight plays ; 'tis she. 
Companion of the forest tree, 
Of Scyni!, she whose foot of wind 
Left stag and arrow far behind. 
Whose heart, like air or sunshine free. 
Recked but to scorn what love might be. 
" .My soul is far too proud for love ; 
I would be like y(m lark above. 
With will and power to wing my way. 
With none to watch and none to stay ; 

And Love's chain would be sad to me 

As were a cage, free bird, to thee. 

Ill would it suit a heart like mine 

To live upon another's look ; 

III could I bear the doubts, the griefs. 

The all that anxious love must brook. 

Thou bright winged god I I mock thy chain, 

Thy arrow points to me in vain." 

But maiden vows are like the rose. 

Bending with every breeze that blows; 

Or like the sparkles on the stream, 

Changing with every changing gleam ; 
4 Or like the colours on her cheek. 

Or like the words her lips will speak, 



Each firm resolve will melt away 

Like ice before a sunny ray. 

Soon that young Huntress of the grove 

Bartered her liberty for love. 

And sighed and smiled beneath the thrall 

Of him whose rule is over all. L. E.i 



SKETCHES or SOCZETT. 

THE HI.STORY OF CLVL'DINE .MIGKOTJ 
SURNAMED I.V I.HAUDA.* 

[Tlie hints for the following have been I 
from M. Jouy'snewvolumcof the Hen 
Pitivence.] 

A SHEPHERDESS becoming a qiiecD is arc. 

pretty incident in a t'airy-talc ; but alas! fn 

the common-places of reality, these deliglitli 

events are of rare occurrence. .Such ibin'i 

however, have happened, ami as what hi 

been may be again, the history of La Lhand 

will be quite a roinanoe of hope to any fai 

shepherdess who may like to indulge in dream 

of exchanging her crook for a sceptre. Ami 

the many admirers of the rustic beauty, tli 

most favoured was Jaiiin, who thnugti, lili 

herself, by birth a peasant, was, from beil 

secretary to M. d'Ainblcrieiix, considerabi 

above her in present station ami future q 

pcctation. Claudinc had soon peiietratU) 

enough to perceive that what he snngbtl 

her was a mistress, not a wife. This was 

mortifying discovery to one accustomed ( 

consider her hand the highest pleiife of hai 

pincss ; — pi(|iiod vanity is a sure guard I 

woman's virtue ; and day after day passci 

and Janin found Lt Lhauda colder than cvf 

It was in vain he told her. Love witb'n 

kisses svas a garden svithont flowers ; Ik 

reply constantly was, " I would imitate tli 

moon, which receives the light of the siii 

yet avoids liini. though day and night h 

course is around her." When alone, she -( 

liloquized bitterly on the lienitation of : 

lover: " Why does be not marry nic.' I 

fifteen, nay, actually iiear slMcen ;^mu-i 

wait till 1 am tliirly? .Sweeping my latlin 

house, managing "the household of oilien 

my cuinp.-iiiions will be all weilded before mi 

Doej Janin think I cannot set a husband ?- 

he shall see he is mistaken." Janin'sjcal i 

was soon raised; fear accomplished wi 

love could not ; and bis offer of marriage w.i 

accepted coldly by Clandine, with plcastn 

by her father, discontent by her mother, « In 

to the great displeasure of her husband, ha 

higher views for her daughter, and recni 

to the prediction of a gipsy, that the cbii 

was born to be a queen." However, A 

marriage-day is named, when the Sccretar 

thinks it necessary to introdnce his inteiidtv 

bride to his master, who becomes deepi' 

enHmonred of the beautiful peasant. Jairili 

under pielcnce of pressing business, is 

ont of the way, and M. d'Ainblerieux, iH 

presence of her mother, offers La Lhl| 

his hand, giving them the next day to re 

on bis proposal. Thi^vcna scarcely wi 

fur his departure to begin expatiating oiij 

honours in perspective. " Ah, my dear 

dine, think of silting in the old "family , 

of how the curate will present the incei'ia 

yon at liish mass ; to overhear as you 

' That is Madame d'Ainblrriciix whoisconilt 

in — Madame d'.-Xmblerienx who is goinj 

— Madame d'Amhlerienx — Room for .Mad 

d'.^jnblerienx^Respects to Madamed'An 

• The unerring aim of the Peasants 

.South of France with the Sling, is like tha 
David of old, and of equally fatal force. 



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JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



61 



linz— Loog live Madame d'Amblerienx ! ' 
ial what SB bonoar for me to say, Madame 
d'Aablerieax, my danghter ! " Sbe was here 
■tempted by (Uandine's remarking on the 
«e af ber preseot lover ; and while exerting 
■I ker eloqaence to remove what seemed so 
trifiag aa objection, in comes Pierre, who, 
6r fiwB catering into her grand schemes, 
Ills a decided negative on the marriage. " I 
■ii have no aao-in-iaw," said La Lhanda's 
6lker, " at wboae table I cannot take my 
Mat witboBt ceremony, and who will come 
ai do tbe tame at mine. I hate your fine 
f iif te wbo eat op your wheat, without know- 
Of ibe cost of it* sowing or reaping; to 
•im yoa mast always give the first place 
aal ibe best bit ; and who declare open war 
ifMi yon, onleis their rabbits are let quietly 
Uealapyour best cabbages and lettuces. Ac- 
dstsaed to act the great lady, my child will 
vdo ferget all that was once her duty and 
Ia4)yi» w» . Lhaada living, will yet be dead 
» m. Tbe bnsbaud for her, to please me, will 
W 1 aHB who ^vorks for the bread he eats." 
1. J'Aablerieiix was not to be discouraged 
b( ta rcfosal ; making Thi^vena and Clau- 
£k Hs confidantes, introduces himself dis- 
band as a labouring man to Pierro, and 
o^r tbe name of Lucas becomes such a 
&i«imte as to be promised the hand of La 
Ltoada. The discovery is soon made, and 
hfiNniuTied geotlementhe denouement may 
tt cuily anticipated — his wife and M. d'Am- 
Union cany the day. The news soon got 
<fiml aboat ; the marriage was wondered 
a. lacetcd at, cavilled at, dispnted about, 
(ncked, defended, till it came to the ears 
ihm, who Iiad from time to time been de- 
Mfd on variona pretences at Lyons. Tbe 
^led lover arrives at the village tbe very 
% af the vrMding;"music, tbe rinj^g of 
db, uands of rejoicing fill every place — 
■ and all confirm the tale. The cottage 
<f Pieira is deserted, and at the Castle he is 
seabed as asi impostor, assuming a name to 
^di be has no title. There is no hatred 
b the hatred of love ; — with his aling in 
is laad, the miiterable Janin remains con- 
niM in the gardens of the Chateau. At 
iogih Ms perndioos mistress, and her still 
an peifidiaas hosband, pass by ;— a stone 
» IInwb, which glances against a tree ; 
U Uuada alone perceives the hand from 
such it came. IfM.d'Amblerieux returned 
tt Che Castle infuriated against the unknown 
asauin, hi* bride Was no leu, though dif- 
fereatly, agitated. Tbe characters of first love 
aa ■ever be wholly effaced ; like the name 
iastratas graved on the Pharos, plaster might 
ir a while conceal it, but still tbe original 
trsen reiaained ; and Claudine had really 
kfti Jaain. His letters had all been sup- 
ffcssed; accoonts of his careless dissipation 
tad bcM stadiottsly conveyed to her. But 
km was a fearfal proof— how wildly and 
hsw well she bad Men remembered! and 
«ilh ■«■>■ there is no crime equal to that 
rf targettiag her ; no virtue like that of 
UtStj. Janin continaed wandering about 
tiBaigjht; ^e sound of mnsic had gradually 
ted away ; one ligbt after another was ex- 
liagiiibed, till the Castle became dark as 
Ike siaflesa heaven that surrounded it. He 
«H daafing wt tbe brink of a precipice over 
vhich a foaming torrent nubed ; it was close 
ky Ibe Castle. Sboald he throw himself from 
it, ki* body would the next morning float on 
ibr stream before tbe window of tiie bride. 
MsdJatging a pistol be carried into the midst 
tfibe aeeonlated sooir* above, he threw 



himself into the abyss of waters. A terrible 
avalanche instantly followed ; the noise awoke 
all in the Castle, but to Claudine the report 
of the pistol was the most deadly sound ofall. 
It soon fell out as Pierro had foreseen — he 
was sent to bis vineyard, and his wife to 
her household ; and La Lhanda's visits to her 
parents were seldom and secret. She was 
soon released from every constraint by the 
death of M. d'Amblerienx, who left her all he 
possessed. Her first use of riclies was to 
secure independence to her parents, and to 
erect a modest monument to tlie memory of 
Janin. It was of white marble, representing 
a veiled female throwing dowers into an 
empty urn. Her low birth fnmished a pre- 
text to the relations of M. d'Amblerienx for 
disputing her marriage and her rights to the 
succession. A journev to Paris became 
necessary ;— young and beautiful, Madame 
d'Amblerienx was soon in no want ofpower- 
fnl protectors. The Marshal de L'Hopital, 
seventy-five years Of age, was one of the most 
active. His influence was amply sufficient 
to turn the scale of justice in her favour ; but 
he deemed it necessary to have a right to 
interfere. He well knew the malice and 
wicked wit of those about tbe court ; people 
might suspect he had his reasons — a con- 
nexion might be supposed, and he should be 
in despair at hazarding the reputation of one 
as prudent as she was fair. These one-woid- 
for-my-neighbour and two-for-myself kind of 
fears would have only appeared ridiculous to 
Madame d'Ainblerieux, had not the rsnl(^of 
the Marshal backed his scruples. Again in- 
terest took tbe place of love in leading her 
to tbe altar. L'Hopital soon followed in the 
steps of his predecessor, and in the ouurse of 
a few months La Lhauda vf as again ii youth- 
ful and lovely widow, liie exiutation of her 
mother was now beyond all bounds ; " Mv 
daughter Mad' la Mnrechale de L'Hopital 
was the beginning and ending of almost every 
sentence; and morning, noon, and night, the 
gipsy's prophecy was recurred to. But Pierro 
could . not forget that the elevation of bis 
daughter involved her separation from him. 
A prince, who had in turn been Jesuit, cardi- 
nal, and king, John Casimir the second of 
Poland, having abdicated, was then residing 
iH France at the Abbey Saint Oermain-des 
Pres, which Lonis the Fourteenth bad given 
him. This Prince, no longer Jesuit or king, 
but the gay and gallant man of the world, 
saw the lovely Marechale, and succeeded in 
winning her heart and losing his own. A 
fortunate but couscientions lover, be married 
his mistress privately. The secret was soon 
betrayed, and though publicly she had not 
the title of Queen, yet everyone knew she 
was wife to the King of Poland. The tidings 
reached her native village — lier mother died 
of joy, her father of grief; and John Casimir 
soon followed, leaving La Lhauda with one 
daughter, whom his family always refused to 
acknowledge. Such was the end of three 
marriages contracted and dissolved in ibe 
short space of fifteen years. La Lhauda's 
good fortune was not lelt as a heritage to her 
descendants — she lived to see them returning 
to her own former obscurity. Many an old 
man in Grenoble can remember a little Clan- 
dine, wbo used to solicit public charity with 
tbe word, " Pray give alms to the grand 
daughter of the King of Poland ! " What a 
vicissitude to " point a moral and adorn a 
tale ! " This history is well remembered in 
the little village of Bacbet near Huglan, 
where L« Lbauda was bora. L. £. I<. 



Of the Dramatic novelties of the past 
week, we need only ^ive a concise report. .4t 
the King's Theatre, La Caxia Lain has 
been repeated with good effect ; and the new 
Dance continues to be received ' with ap- 
plause. It displays so much taste and'skill 
as to bode fairly for the grand ballet of 
Alfred, preparing nndrr the same direction. 

At Drnry Lane, Mr. EUistou has resumed 
his station, alter a severe illness. On Wed- 
nesday, Cymbeline was produced with a de- 
butante Imogen, Kean in Posthnrons, and 
Young in lacbimo. The Lady, in the scenes 
with Cloten, evinced comic powers ; in the 
tender sweetness of the character she was 
less fortunate. Her form is petite, her 
voice of snfiicicDt compass, and her air un- 
embarrassed ; but we do not think she made 
a happy choice for her first eflbrt. The other 
leading personages have been separately seen 
before. Mr. Kean was more than asnally 
hoarse. He however made some brilliant 
hits in tlie bero, tbongh the whole was a 
performance greatly below tbe standard at 
which tbe public has been accustomed to see 
the character sustained. Mr. Young's lachi- 
mo is a fine and highly-polished piece of act- 
ing: it is reckoned on the Stage the inferior 
part — he made it by far the most effective. 
The House was crowded, and the Play n^ch 
applanded. 

CovENT Garden. — Mrs. Ogilvie repeated 
Catherine on Wednesday with so much sue* 
cess, that Henry VIII. is to be given again 
this evening. We have nothing to add to 
our critique of last week, but that tlie Play 
went on with increased effect throngh the 
increased energy of this latly, and other 
improvements in the ether characters, which 
repetition generally suggests. 

On the 30th, Mr. liocbsa offers a great 
Oratorio treat to the lovers of harmony in 
one of Rossini's Operas. 

A new Richard ill. (Mr. Bennett) is an- 
nonnced at Covent Gardeu for Monday ; the 
new Play of Nigel for Tuesday. At Drnry 
Lane, Liston comes out as Tony Lumpkin 
on the latter evening. 

The recent establishment of a French 
theatre at Lisbon has been attended with 
the greatest success. From the nature of the . 
plays which have been performed, it would 
appear that the political regeneration of Por- 
tugal is one of the principal objects in view. 



VOKITXCS. 

Mr. Varsittart retires from the Chan- 
cellorship of the Exchequer, and is succeeded 
by Mr. F. Robinson: a Peerage and the 
Chancellorship of Lancaster arc said to be 
the rewards of his honourable services. — The 
Russian, Austrian, and Prussian Ambassa- 
dors have left Madrid ; tbe discussions of tbe 
Cartes are full of fnry, and every appear- 
ance indicates a war between France (sup- 
ported in principle by tbe Allied Sovereigns) 
and Spain. 

VAlLZBTZaS. 

Boyui Libnry. — Some of the Newspaper* 
have been amusing their readers this week 
with aconnta of the gift of his late Majesty's 
Library to tlie British Museum. This report 
is precisely as true as a preceding rumour, 
that the King had sold it to the Eimperor of 
Russia. It is surprising that such ioveotion* 
f booM obtain currency. 



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THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



Mr. Frederick Clitnald, who made the next 
ascent ot° Monqt piaiic itft^r the fatal acci- 
4ent that befel the Gn^Ues of Dr. Haaiel(see 
iiUrary Caulte^ by the tall of an avalanche, 
in 182p, is about to publish an account of liii 
Journey, for the benefit of tbe Guides of 
Chamouny. 

Mr Cailliand, tbe Frepch traveller in EJgypt, 
arrived lately at Marseille?, where be bad to 
perforni quarantine. 

The Frtndt Pr«n.— Laat week tbe French 
writers, Mesna. Arnault, Jay, Jony, and Nor- 
vine, were cited before the Jugid'hutnetion, 
for outrage* and offences against the Kinij's 
Government, in certain papers of the eighth 
Toluino of their Contemporary Biography. 
The Potiee CorreetimtUe will immediately take 
cognizance of this accusation, and of that 
against M. Barth^lemy, for his St. Helena 
Collection of Papers, amonxwhich U'Meara's 
first volume ii charged as libnlloiis upon the 
Boyal family. Tbe present state of the Paris 
Press is quite deplorable — its aspect, instead 
of Dsalntness or good, is that of a perpetual 
struggle to InsnlC or avoid tbe laws with im- 
punity on one side, and to enforce them 
rigoroiusly on tbe other. 

The Extraordinary Cortes have excited 
the emulation of the Spanish Artists, by ofl^r- 
ihg a gold medal for the best model of a 
Monument which tliey have decreed to erect 
ha tbe Place d» la Corulitutftm, in honour of all 
tbe citizens who contributed to the victory of 
tlie Tth July. 

It appears tliat for some yc;iis very able 
translations have been made intoUiissiaii pruse 
of the Poems uf Lurd Uyroo and Sir Walter 
Scott. The Courier tU f Europe of IS'Jtl, inserted 
extracts I'roniThe Siege of Corinth.Calmas and 
Orla, [quaere ? KJ.] ftliutcppa, tbe Oiaour, and 
the Bride of Abydns, which were published at 
tlie commencement of tbat year by M. Katche- 
novsky. The poet Joukovsky has enriched 
Russian literature witli a beaiitil'iil transla- 
tioo, in verse, of Tbe Prisoner oi' Cliillou. It 
is only during the present year that poetical 
traniuations nave been made of the Poems of 
Sir )valter Scott. Several have been inserted 
in a literary Journal called the Bienintentimni ; 
and the Qmrier di VKarope has piiblislied a 
well-executed translation of The Lay of the 
t>ast Minstrel. 

M. Gretch, tbe editor of tbe Fill de la 
Patrie, has published an abridged Historical 
£ssay on Russian Literature, containing va- 
luable materials for the future historian. 

Public attention at Stockholm is at present 
occupied by some very extraordinary cures 
of obstinate syphititio disorders, which have 
been effected by a Sndermanian peasant of 
tbe name of Anderson, who uses tiimigation 
for the unrpose. The President of the Col- 
lege of Health, and several other physicians 
of Stockhohn, have closely observed this 
cnratlve process. Anderson hat been li- 
berally rewarded ; aud there can be no doubt 
that tbe details of the new method will be 
published in tbe Trusactioa^ of the Swedish 
Medical Society. 

Chess. — A writer in a Brussels pnbUcati.on 
denies toMaelzel the invention botb of the au- 
tomaton Chess-player aiul of the Metronome; 
■laintaining that tbe merit of the former be- 
hMigs to the celebrated Van Kempelen, and 
of the latter to M. Wenckel of Amsterdam. 
It is also asserted that an amateur of chess 
in Brussels has discovered the secret of the 
Automaton Chess-player, which, he says, 
coaiiita in concealing nnder the laUe • per* 



son who directs flie moves. He has "con- 
structed a machine representing tbe tabje, 
and tbe drawer in which the pieces are kept, 
in order to prove tliat the real player may 
lie concealed in a recess behind that drawer, 
while the interior of the table is exposed to 
public view, and quit bis bldlng-place as soon 
as the doors of the table are closed ; and (t li 
declared that he has, by repeated exhibitions, 
convinced thousands of persons of the prac- 
ticability of socli an arrangement. 

Population. — A remarkable increase of popu- 
lation is apparent on tbe return of Troyes In 
f ranee — the births exceeded the deaths In 
|822 in the proportion of 1188 to T45. 

Original AvtcdaU. — Last Sunday, about one 
o'clock, the Metropolis Was visited by a fbg so 
dense, that candles were every where lighted. 
"This," said a pleasant old gossip sitting with 
another — " this pnts me in mind of a story of 
Wilson the painter. He was t^te-a-tdte with 
Mortimer on, exactly, such an afternoon, 
when the latter observeid that it wu too dark 
(0 do any thing. *■ It is a d— d bad day that 
won't make a good night, (replied Wilson ;) 
so shut the window*, and bring In lights, 

f)ipes, and porter."' He was very fond of the 
atter ; and »a it seems must have been his 
crony, for tbe social materials were intro- 
duced, and they sat chatting together till 
eiglit o'clock next morning I 

Atuditr. — ^The Bishop ot preached his 

first episcopal sermon before — - and , 

two highly dbtinguished public men of the 
present day. His Grace afterwards asked 
their opinion of his discourse ; to which 
Mr. Y. replied, he liked it so much, that, if be 
bad any fault to find, it was to its being too 
thort. " Yes (said tlie Bishop) I considered 
that better than to be tedious." — " Ah, hnt 
(Mr. C. remarked) th'e sermon was teHmttoo!" 

*'What(sald some one to Mr. R.)you have 
been In Ireland, and have yon never seen 
Cork ?"— " No (replied he,) hot I have seen 
a great many drnvrnp tfit." 



* Tmga la Perm ' is the bnrdeo of a Song com- 
posed in the violence of the Spanish Revolo- 
tion. The literal translation is " Swallow it, 
Dog," in allusion to the new Constitution 
being forced down the throats of the Aristo- 
crats. The Spaniards in using the second 
person singular of the imperative of any verb 
(as Traga Is of Tragar) generally join the ar- 
ticle to it, which has led yon to suppose It 
was one word. *' Tragalo " is an Imperative 
translation of" Ca ira " in a figuratire sense. 
Your's Amicus, 



Lilt of Bookf uhscribed lince Jaip. 17. — 
Dnnlop'»HiMoty of Roman Literature from its 
earliest Period to the Augustan Age, 2 vols. Kvo. 
M. m. 6d.-Tnveii hi Irebindin IMiJ, exhibit- 
iug brief Sketches of tbe Moral, Physical, and 
Political Swte pf tbe Country, by Thomas Heid, 
Author uf two voyages to New South Wales, Hvo. 
1.2j.— Booth's Letter to MalthiLx, in Auswer to 
the Crit'icism nil Mr. Godwin's Work on PopuUk- 
tiou.Bvn. a$. — Spry's Practical Treatise on the 
Bath Waters, 8vo. l:{».— White's Key to'l'^ylor's 
Arithmeiic, l°2tno. 4i. sheep. — Shamrock Leaves, 
or the Wicklow tlxcnrslon, r2mo. M. 6rf.— His- 
tory and Method of t^rc of the various Species of 
Kpilepsv, by Dr. Cooke, forming the 2d Part of 
the 2i Volume of n 'I'reatise on Nervous Dis- 
onlep), t)vo. til. — Ririugtou's Annual Register, 
\7f)i, ijro. I/.— DauKbter of a Geaiqs, Mtow. 
:{«. Grf.half-bauud.— Taylor's Scenes of Brit'ish 
Wealth, in Produce, Manufactures, &c. ISnio. 
7s. 6d. half-bound.— Bisbop WHson's Select Ser- 
mons, by the Rcr. E. Bray, 12mo. 4i.— Hayden's 
Sermons, 8to. 7«,— Stunut Re0<w^^. with 



Plates by Heath, ' 8 vols, footoeap 8vo. I8i.— Df- 
cember'Tnles, fiWilscap ilvo. 5s. (A— WoodbouN's 
Astrooorny. '2 I'ans, «vo. \l. IDs.— Mauky't Vojr- ! 
ai(0 to Greenland^ 3d edit. 8vo. \0i. SU.—Mkbfi , 
Tragsdise, Greek aud Li^iu, ^ vols. 8ro. [L It.-. ' 
Homer's Udyssey, translated mta ^glish Pnne, ' 
2 vols. 8ro. U. t'.— Aim's Tacitus, 4th edit, i 
I2ui6. 4s. 61. 



ERRATA.— eREBK SONO. 

Upon this Song we have no hesitalioB is 
inserting tbe following : 

Sir, — ^Tn common with many of your cIhssksI 
readers, I hailed with pleason: tbe appearance of 
jhe Correspondeuce from Greece ; but itgriemi 
me to observe your Journal sullied by faults U 
translatiou, aud the beautiful seutinidouof ibe 
orlgiud perverted. It is presumed thai rau 
trusted tbe translation to some one imperfectly 
versed in the Greek language. To maintain tni 
established reputatiou of your Journal, you may 
perhaps deem the following corrections impor- 
tant and necessary.— niiese we give with one or I 
(wo parentheses ; and the esphmalion that the 
translation was niade from the MS. vtuecmtei 
aud iaaevuratK, After its correction we had no I 
opuortuuity for comparison.] . | 

The Churns shouhl have been rendered, i 
" Greeks, come on ; let us raise the light, since 
the darkness of Ignorance has fled t9 our cqcmies." ] 

The 2d stanza : " Present state, expects fruni i 
your character her ancient fame ; wisdom alouc 
gives CTcry species of virtue and firm prosperity." 

Tlir 4th : " Calamity rushed on you ; an ifi 
qfHgkt IB corn*."— [Quare] 

There Is no invocation of Apollo, nor of tlie 
God of Glory, hi the 5tb : " Lyceums and lilira- 
ries, depositaries of wisdom, are erected with 
splendor ; the k>ve of immortal glory is lighted 
up on every side, aud a vehement zeal." 

The (iih : " Hail, ye youths t fiir ibe sake »( 
bistructiiin liouud ye over," &c. " since Greece is 
risen ainin." 

The 7th : " Citizens and strangers, all with 
enthusiasm, will cclehrate you fyouths) most 
highly to be praised ; and the shanes," tie. 

The 9th : '■ Wbat new beaa^s toigfaty Greece 
present* to me fbr (keTeoiple of Fombe !— Is it 
then a phantasy? No,," Ac. > 

From th* lOth t» the eondnduig ataoxa, the 
language of the original is inimitably beantifiii ;— 
tbe ^tbor assigns the names of the audent 
heroes of Greece to the future revivers of tbe 
Arts and Sciences. In what manner your trans- 
lator, in the lUili, could p6ssibly render ■Konromfti 
" cunning in all thingB — [ad nuinia callidus Is 
cert^nly oue of its meanings, and ouly the want 
of a comma led to its not being taken iti its more 
appropriate sense here] —I am unable to conjec- 
ture ; the word is of fieqUeM orcnrrenoe in das- 
sical authors, and meau« *' travellers over the 
tea." Heuce the tmaalstiaa " islanders oscd to 
the sea, Corcyrvaus," &c. 

The I2tb : " Melpomene, with her blood- 
staiued sword, shall run her pathetic coarse : on 
the other side Tlialia, throwing away the ma.sk, 
shall again excite joyous laughter — a prophecy 
of the revival of Tragedy and Cortiedy among 
them. Observe the traiislalion of thk stanza in 
your .loumol. — fit Is in oUr opinion justified, 
thnuab the argument would be toe long.} 

'ilie l»tb : " Oh Pindar ! again tune thy harp 
with the divine UlympUd, aing the pcai«es of ne 
weestlers." 

The I5th, at the eonclasion, " atknirHig the 
morhi of other AfitUtl." 

Tlic 17th, Chorus : '* Greeks, come on, let ns 
spread the light, that tbe darkness of Iguoraoce 
may remain with our eueuues." 

4>l\as rtM'*EAAi|i!Mr. 



We sks)l tw thul ta best from, " An £IUiii<u " agalo. 
T. MU K.\ Nmer C«aiaaii|«4tioa ta waq •» «>^ 
can : the last dpss not suit us. 

...... L.. ,. . . «.. -■ 



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CawttU* wi'U l.i(<T<(iire *Ht tit Art: 
IMTISH INSTITUTIQW, PAII, MALL. 

THE Gtllecy tor the Exhibition and Sale 
i a Ike VIsAt At HoJcin ArtUU «in te opened on 
|iMilifge>t.ib«»lkliiM- franTen ia On MoniDg 
u^lKniatkeSiwUis. (^ Order) 
uurmB o— » jJjBn VOUNG, Keeper. 

Admiuionli.-CabdotaeU. 
Tt, SibKribert to the P»i»l from Mr. Wejf» Rc- 
mot-Of S«Tloiu He^int the Sick m the Temple," 
«to ta« iKrt ilremdj received tkeir Imprenions, niej 
MttH lke«i. »»«> pejsi'nt df the reaaliider of their 
tilnciirtiou. *t <■>' B<>ti>h Inititatloa duly. 



latX pgbliahcd, in tlojal OcIkto, 8«. (id. boudt, 
TUONTEZUMA, a Tragedy; an^ other 
"*Poem«. Jy St. JOHN DORSET. 

Printed fof Rodwcll & Martin, New Bond Streel; 
end to be bad of any respectable Bool^'eUer in To«o 
it Countrjf.' Also, in the Preii, the ad edition, hy the 
^ame witbor, of " The Vampire, " aTrngedy._ 



THE 

A nrct 



tuRK* iMramnriOH. 

January nil, ie»3- 
< Proprietor* and Subicribers are re- 
oKlMhWmMd, that Mr. GUKtlEY will giTC 
d e>tn Lectue MltlT on Us Newly Conatracted 
Hot five, M beilitatiBf Eiperimental Imnirr, and 
nteadiaf th« uu of tlw exptotiTa nixed Ouea, on 
ntiteT Ik* Mtb iiut. at SeT*n okloek in the ETttiiiti; 
KKiielj: in»hiehthepn>p«rtie«,i»wer«,«ndperftct 
nfcn af Ilio iBittamntt will be fallj explained and 
;PU»d. KNIGHT SPENtER, Secretary. 

V fianilenien interested in l^e progr-ss of Chemical 
Kioce, may oMala (uraluiionslj) Tickets of Adnission 
Isfbc lietme, o« application la Mr. Gttmey, Cbarles- 
Hmt, Sake-Kiuate 



T. * 



Highly lliiished Enitraving by Thomion, of Weslmacott'i 
' celebrated Groupe in Marble of ".The Houseless 
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On the 3Ist of Jannary, price it. only, 

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. ofihe LADY'S MAOAZINT, ; or. Mirror of the 
Belles Lettres, Fine Arts, Music, Drama, Fashions, 8cc. 
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first of a series of Articles on th'e Living Poets— Stric- 
tures on the Boyal Academy of Music— Moore's Lores 
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London : Published by S. Robinson, Chnpler-BanM- 
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THE LITERARY GAZETTE, 

AND 



No. 315. 



SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1823. 



PRICE Is. 



MB 



: wMv I 



Amdmt Sfmmk BtlUs, HUtonaU and lUmamHe. 
TranbMdfayJ.O. LeAkart. 4t».Bp.9M. 
Ediabonb, ini,W.BteGk«rood ; Lcmtam, 

Am wUtiM of Dm Qaaatte, from tte Spt-, 
lAak hf MOtWT, ia Ave volnme*, mid uder- 
•lo«i to be ike wmA af Mr. Uwkkarf i pen, 
k«« fclM 19M eae of ear book-lades tuile* 
Ikr •eiirif twehcao«tk«; co much to oar re- 
praach tt tudy oitki, tkat lometimes wkea 
«« Mked ap pur eye* aad beheM tbeae de- 
BgMM DMM,-«e hvre fincied tfae Knight ef 
La MaMhaadgbt, to tetwage, nuh firna be- 
Madttwa i — U deaBaalnaate, aad, caoch- 
iasWraatoMa* iaaoe, paaiah w te oar aeg li- 
CaadkBy da we e e a fta i that we have' 
> beea gaUqr of a orMealaaduioa, 
two kate beaa aa ittana lacreaat* 
to oUtralfj; aad we aiacerely nj i hu tkat 
bf hia fveaaatfeaadaoaw aad iatCMaltog pnb> 
Mtliaa. the aathac hw aftirdod aa a Air 
OfMHIaaity for makiag the i—w^t lumtnbU. 

or thb.traailatioa of M Cmamtm and 
%mimimt, aawwntiag to fiffy-tis ia aamber, 
abaat Iwo^hmm weie givea ia the admira- 
Ue aotaa aaoa the iaMMrtal work ot C«r. 
v«itea ;- aad tt k' Mobalily ' in oontaqnence 
af Ae Maaatioii. which thete excited in the 
laerary wadd, that tke author was induced 
ta iff ap tkiii larger deiign. Be that a$ it 
ma, we are iadebted to bin for a veiy 
fdaMBgcoIIecttenorSpaBiifi aiiiMtralqr, and 
the WaaMaatien of. a wUyect fiur too Uttje 
kaown to° Eaglith readen. Indeed we en- 
liMl|.UCI»Mth hta, that wWie Italian 
■AffriT 'i»'iaM*'««dei'1ini<k beea over* 
Jaifi with coaiaeMarffs, it U to •• reiirelted 
thailUPlMadiorigiiM adae af Troubadour 
aaafiiliBaa poetrf. has beea ytsf ^intptiC' 



iaedlfeaploretf. Spam. baa. aadfy neglected 

ttf eaity FteU ; and tbongh, we belitare, the 

Aianea of aoa»e of Ber Bcligloas hoosetare 

lieh-ta: dacaaKCt* to.<Ulnatraie then, the 

age* of ModHsh aoag aadUatory are hardly 

mum than viaiaaa ia Jier literature. . 

. Boatortnck'i Hiiton of Spaaiih Utera- 

iare, aad Oepatog'a "fiammhing der beatea 

«k 4tpa a i»hea-Hi»Wwi«<!hen-Rmer.nnd-Bil«ur- 

iKhea BoBMaaea" (Leipnig 1817,) are cited 

W Mr. Laekhart,«f throwing some light npon 

the chronelogy, &c. of the Spanisli ballads : 

aeveral critical J'readi. anthorr might als o 

have been jneatioaed; and also several 

Speaish Vark^for, bestdeaStrmlento's AT*. 

■unu for the History. of Spanish Poetry 

md Poato (Madrid 177S,) Sanchez' CMaeeton 

di Ptoia CuMfaiHu, anteridr to the 15th cen- 

tary (Madrid ITTV. 4 vol*.) Fernandez' more 

taaeral coll«ctiaa (in M vols.) and Qnintaaa'x 

Sdecfioa fram the time of 4nan de Mena to 

IWT^ there is even .a work rMembHag his 

ewa ia Ae traaAttoaer the above •< CaUe. 

<iw,'* into VMcaa verse. As we have not 

Mr. Btnpiag'ft very able pnUicatioa in our 

PosaeutM, we cannot say how niich he 

hat drawa fnm tlK Spanish books we . have 

reftrred to,— tew mock from diitiBct poenu : 'Tit du'Campcador'i w«Miog, miyibtt vrtU bt^ 



Mr. liockhart has taken his pieces principally 
from the German' collector. He states that 
the first Candenero is that of Ferdinand de 
Castillo, poblished in ISIO ; and this is cor* 
vect as far as regards the warlike, romaaHe, 
aad amatonr cfompositioa aader wat namf { 
bat there, is a rolio Caadeaero of coplu 
dfe«D<« of twenty year* earMcr date, published 
at ZaragoMu The Tiwiiatm of Jnan de Mena 
are earfier ; and we are net certain bat the 
Seville foHo Caadenero of the works of Jnaa 
do Entiiia also take the preoedencv. - None 
of these pabtteatioas, however, detenaine 
more than Mr. Tioekhart . saggests, namely, 
that many of the baHad* whieh they and the 
first G«Mnil CollcctioR* of CnciaMnx or A>- 
bave a cWm to aatiquit: 
probably wich higher tha»i* to be ii 
iiaa* any of these date*." ' 

The latradnction, which .ha» led n* intoi 
tbe*e brief remarks, presents a concise and 
iateicsliag view of the,*altiect af Spaoith 
poetical anti<|altiet;-aiid afabwa that these 
Ballads, form the oldest ' and Isaaestcoilec- 
tioaof fopotar poetiy to be foondiin the lite- 
ratare of any Enropean . natio* whatever. 
This catitles them to pecniiar attention, and 
we are very glad that the theme has b^en, 
starMd, as we doubt not the beginning wiU 
conduct as to very cortoo* and pleasing in- 
vestigadoBs in the English Uagnage; Tlie 
aalhur,afkerdlsca8singaie andmarian branch 
of his researches, goes into a ttigfat kistarical 
sketch, applicable to Hierdhtions whiab tub- 
ibled between the Moor* and Chritttw* ia 
Spain— dieir matual craeltw. aad bosti^, 
andalso thetraartnaladmlraDon and opurtesy. 
Of 4be hi||lads he haaeboMa aboat aae hajfare 
fosiiria»<,a fe ' . ' « aw mi f»aa>^dyaf3fc«ri»»orij{W» 
and a conuder^Me propoMitin Rptniiiitii:. ruC" 
first ar«be«aK;'aad the two latter, esfieeialiy 
the Moorish, snfig ia the vaHey* of Andalusia, 
afford striking ^ctureit of tho Arabiu-Spa- 
ni*h pa*toqi.l, and- the passionate loves of a 
people, " like wax among women," as they 
were " like steel tn battle "— ' 
Fueite qual axero entra arms*, 
Y qual ceca entielardsoM*. 

In the following spedmeas wbid we ae- 
lect to exemplify Mr. l<ockhart'* veiy clever 
performance, it may be' seen that the verse 
oeeasionally haltt a littley aad tha^ aimiag at 
fidelity, he has been sometiaies betrayal fato 
a style not far removed from doggral; bat 
the general meKts of his transbtion, the 
taste aad feeHnc which he ha* di*played 
throu^at, do tar more than redeem these 
trifl^ blemishes, and reeomaaend thcilR- 
cmtSpaniA BaUadt very strongly te the public. 

Th* Cid't Widdiitg is a picturesque sketch of 
manners— he is married to Ximeaa Gomez, 
who asks him of the King after he has slain 
her fothei^— 

Within his hdl of Bmgat^ te King ;iep*rca the 

fast; 
He mak«s his prspsndonfor nuay a noble guest. 
It is a joyfol city, it is a gaUant day, [sway i 



Layn Ctiro, the Lord Bishop, he'fint cames forth 

die pta, . 

Behind him cones Ray Diss, ia an his btidd state ; 

The crowd makes way before them saup'tbe street 

tbeygp; — [bestow. 

For the multitude of people their ^taps must needs 

The King had taken Older tbst they should rear an 

aich, [mut march ; 

FVon bouse to house tH over, in the wsy where thsy 

They hare hung it all with lancet, and shield^ and 

gUtteriag helms, . [rcabat. 

Brought by tlie Campeador ftom out the Moorish 

They havetcatter'd olive branchsa and rushes on 

tile atrest, [dor's feet ; 

And the ladies fling down garlands at the Ctmpea- 

With^tapeniy and broidery their balconies between. 

To do hu brulal honour, then: waUt the burghers' 

scre^. . . 

"nwy had the bolls before them all cover'd o'er 

with trappings ; [with cbppinp ; 

The little, wys pursue them with bootingt aad 

Tbe fool, with cap and bladder, upon hia am goaa 

fnncing, ' [cymbals daariag. 

Amidst troops of captive mudentwidi bells and 

With antics and with fooloics, with thoothig aad 

with Uughter, . roMnetdter} 

They 611 tbe streett of Burgos— and The Dmril he 

For tbe King has hired the bomedfiead foratxtsen 

maraysdis, [theladias.; 

Aad there ha goes, vdlhhoofr for toes, to terrify 

Tbca comes the bdddlQmena'— the KuM he bol&r 

her hand.; [ofthehuid. 

Aiidtbe aaeeo,snd, all b for sad vali^ tfae nofaie* 

All down the ttieec tbe earsof whset are round 

Ximtna flyhw, [dieve fa lyfaig. 

But the King Oft* oJF her bosom sweet whatever 

Qaotb Saaro, when ha ssw k, 

tn j gmm i 
** tk * fihe tituii ' 
t1ieiCing.wat very meCyj whoa bmcw M**^>MH 
And swore the bihia, eie eveatidk, aUMt gfib llV~ 

boy.i kiss., ^'. 
The King went ahrays talking, but tfo taeU dowa 

ber bead. 
And teldom gave an answer to any. tUhig he Said ; 
It wu better to be ailent, amadg such a crowd or 
folk, [she tfok». 

Than utter wosd* tomesnin^fla as riie ifid when 
Thadeatbof DonPed'ro,alain Ity hi* brother 
Henry, is a ttriklag piqtdre: 
Henry sad Kmgndco dn|Aig, 

■Hold in itraiahig aima each otbei^ 
TiMging hard, and dosely grfipog, 
. Bratber proveahls strength widi bradtar. 
. Haiml*«:pastiap*inaitfiMem*l, 
. Blendk not thus thfir libita mitrifo ; 
£ith2r aimsi wi«t| nge inW^, 

Naked dagger.ibHpanllh^ 

Close Don Henry grmlit ndto, 

Pedro holds Dm Hfivy «md^ 

BrestUng, this, triam;baat foiy. 

That, despair and BKMtt hat*. 

Sole spectator of the straggle 

Stands'Don Henry's page a&r, • 
In tbe chsce who bote hit bugle, 
. And who b9i9 hiMwoid ia war* 



hen ha ssw k, (his thought yoa 
ni^ imdwmeaHaadl'* 

jtti^ 10 be a hagt but HeavcM 



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Down they go in deadly wrestle, 

Down upon the earth they go, 
Fierce King Pedro has the 'vantage, 

Stout DoQ Henry falls below. 

Marking «h«n the fatal cri«is, 

Up the page of Henry ran. 
By tlie wai«t he caught Don Pedro, 

Aiding thm the fallen man. 

•' King to olace, or to depose him, 

Dwelletn not in my desire, 
But the duty which he owes him. 

To his master pays the squire." 

Now Don Henry has the upmost, 

Now King Pedro lies beneath. 
In his heart his brother's poniard 

Instant finds its bloody sheath. 

Thus with mortal gasp and quiver. 

While the blood in bubbles well'd, 
Fled the fiercest soul that ever 
In a Christian bosom dwell'd. 
At a companion, we ropv a part of the la- 
mentation of the beautiful'Maria de Padilla, 
Pedro's mistress : 

But others' tears, and others' groans, what are they 

match'd with thine, 
Maria de Padilla — thou fatal concubine '. 
Because she is King Henry's slave, the damsel 

weepeth sore, [weepeth more. 

Because she's Pedrd'j widow'd love, alas ! she 
" O Pedro I Pedro ! " hear her cry—" how often 

did I (ay [thy life away! "— 

That wicked counsel and weak trust would haste 
She stands upon her turret top, she looks down 

from on high, [lover lie. 

Where mantled in his b'oody cloak she sees her 
lAw lies King Pedro in his blood, while bending 

down ye see [murderer's knee ; 

CaitiRa that trembled ere he spake, crouch'd at his 
They place the sceptre in his hand, and on his head 

the crown, [through the town. 

And trumpets deir are blo'vn.and bells are merry 



. -s^-ti-rt-rJ,- -2rx» .£> 



Away she fiings her garments, her broider'd veil 
and vest, [breast- 

As if they should behold her love within her lovely 
As if to call upon her foes the constant heart to see, 
Where Pedro's form is Mill enshrined, and ever- 
more shall be. 
The foIlo\«ing short piece is perfect of its 
kind. " The incident is supposed to have 
occurred on tlie famous field of Aljubariota, 
where King Juan the First of Castillc was 
defeated by the Portuguese. Tiie Kin;;, who 
was at the time In a feeble state of health, 
exposed himself verv mnch during the action ; 
and being wunnded, had great difficulty in 
making hit escape.— The battle was fouclil 
A. D. 1385." 

" Your horse is faint, my King, my Lord, your 

gallant horse is sick, [the film is thick ; 

His limbs are torn, hit breast is gored, on his eye 

Mount, mount on mine, oh, mount apace, I pr.iy 

thee mount and fly ! [hoofs are nigh. 

Or in my arms I'll lift your grace— their tramphng 

" My King, my King, you're wounded sore ; the 

blood runs from your feet, [seat : 

But only lay a hand before,and I'll lift you to your 

Mount, Juan, for they gathsr fast— 1 hear their 

coming cry ; [though I die I 

Mount, mount, and ride for Jeopardy — I'll save you 

" Stand, noble steed, this hour of need — be gentle 

as a lamb : [dear I am. 



The nobles of the land were there, and the Udies 

T I.., /'«''' l"*? ^r . [»ight to share; 

Look d from their latticed windows, the hini-hti 
But now the nobles all lament, the bdies are he 

r 1, "'"'^i^' . . [forCelin!".: 

For he was Granada's darling knight. Alas ! alas 

^fore him ride his v»s.als, in order two by twe, 
With ashes on their turbans spread most pitiful ,„ 

view ; f 1 

Behind him his four sisters each wrapp'd in s.We' 
Between the tambour's dUmal strokes ukeupthelr 

doleful tale; [therless bewailmg. 

When stops the muffled drum, ye hear their bro^ 
And all the pcople,fdr and near, cry— «' Alas ' alas 

for Celin ! " 

Oh lovely lies he on the bier above the purple pall 
The flower of all Granada's youth, the loveliest of 

them all; 
I lis dark, dark eyes are closed, his rosy Pp is pale 
The crust of blood lies bUck and dim upon his 

burnish'd mail, [their wailing. 

And evermore the hoarse tambour breaks in upoii 
Its sound is like no earthly sound—" Alas ! alas 

for Celin ! " — 

The Moorish maid at the lattice stands, the Moor 
stands at his door, [weeping -- 

One maid is wringing of her hands, and onc^l 

Down to the dust men bow their heads, and uh^l 
black they strew, [a„d |,ij,j_ 

U|»n their broider'd garments of crimson, green. 



I'll 1 • 1 i /• «■ . ■■ \n'r "■"'">;. u jaiiiiBiiis oi crimsoo, greeH 

1 11 kiss the foam from off thy mouth— thy master Before each gate the bier stands still, then burst 
Mount. Juan, mnnnr. whnfj.*j»r hnt'iH*. ;>■./•.» rK^ rli.. In.i.4 ka.».:l: re ^ .■ ...' 



The Bun shines bright, and the gay rout with 

clamours rend the sky, 

" God save great Henry— wva the King— Kin» 

Henry!" u the cry; [tear"; 

^t the pale lady weeps above, with many a bitter 

_Wiai{jrJw-^W i| l it W i l d er kwe, and he lies 

daughttr'd here. \ 

At first, in silence down her ctkek the drops of 
sadness roll, [her soul ; 

But rage and anger come to breifk the sorrow of 

The triumph of her haters— the gladness of their 
cries, [ful eyes. 

Enkindle flames of ire and scorn withlnTier tear 

IM ket hot cheek the blood mounts high, as she 
stands gating down, [golden crown. 

Now on proud Henry's royal state, his robe and 

And now upon the tnmbled cloak that hides not 
from her view [livid hDe. 

The tliughter'd 'Pedro's marble brow, and lips of 

With furious grief she twists her hands among her 
bng Wack hairs, [she tears ; 

And all from off her Isvely brow the blameless locks 

She tears the tfnglets from her front, and scatters 
all the purls [curls. 

King Pedro's tiMid had planted among the raven 

" Stop, caitiff tongues !"— they hear her not— 

" King )>e(lro's Jove am I." 
They heed her not—" God save the King— great 

Henry ! " still the^ cry. [to help is near, 
She rends her hair, she wrings her hands, but tione 
" Cod look in vmeamt ra tJMfc deW-.iBv lord 

Uff murdet'd ^^MSB^ikf » 



bj 



Mount, Juan, mount, whate'er betide, away the 
bridle fling, [save my King I 

And plunge the roweUin his side.— My horse shall 
" Nay, never speak ; my sires, Lord King, re- 
ceived their land from yours, [secures ; 
And joyfully their blood shall spring, so bo it thine 
If I should fly, and thou, my King, be found amoiii 
the dead, [my grey head .' 

How could I stand 'inong gentlemen, such scorn on 
" Caslille's proud dames shall never point the 
finger of disdain , [jood lords were slain, — 
And say — there's one that ran away when our 
1 leave Diego in your care — you'll fill his father's 
place : [blessing on your grace '. " — 

Strike, strike the spur, and never Ipare — God's 
So spake the brara Montanes, Butrago's Lord was 
he; [and glee; 

And turn d him to the coming host in steadfastness 
He flung himself among them, as they cjme down 
the hill ; [drunk its fill. 

He died, God wot ! But not before his sword had 
The next poem that wins upon our sym- 
pathy the most, is entitled 

LAMENTATION FOR TUB DEATH OF CEI.IN. 

At the gate of old Granada, when all its bolts arc 

. harr'd, [heard ; 

At twilight at the Vega gate there is a trampling 

There is a trampling heard, as of horses treading 

'lowt [of woe. 

And a weeping voice of women, and a heavy sound 
" What tower is fall'n, what star is set, what chief 

come these hevailing ? " — [Celiii '. " 

" A tower is fall'n, a star is set. Alas ! alas for 
Three times they knock, three times they cry, and 

wide the doors they throw ; 
Dejectedly they enter, and mournfully they go ; 
In gloomy lines they muttering stand beneath the 

hollow porch, [flaming torch ; 

Each horseman grasping in his hand a black and 
Wet is each eye as they go by, and all around is 

wailing, [Celin I "— 

For all have heard the misery. " Alas I alas for 
Him yesterday a Moor did slay of Benccrraje's 

blood, [«ood ; 

'Twas at tlie solemn jousting, around the nobles 



iiii . 

'1 



the loud bewailing, [for Celin ' ' — 

From door and lattice, high and low—" Alas ! alas 
An old old woman cometh forth, when she hears 

the people cry ; 
Her hair is wfiite as silver, like horn her glased eye 
'Twas she that nursed him at her breast, that 

nursed him long ago ; [well shall know. 
She knows not whom thev all lament, but soon she 
With one deep shriek she through doth break, 

when her ears receive their wailing 

« Let me kiss my Celin ere 1 die— .41as ! alas far 

Celin ! " 

From the Romantic class we transcribe 
three examples, and with these leave Mr! 
Lockhart to the popular favour which await 
liiin : 

i.*UY aloa's dream. _ 

In Parissits the lady that shall be Sir Roland's bride. 
Three hundred damsels with her, her bid<linj to 
»'>'''«; [and the sh^n. 

All clothed in the same fashion, both the mantlj 
All eating at one table, within her hall .-it noon : 
All, save the Lady Alda, she is l,idy of thcra all. 
She keeps lier place upon the dais, and they serve 

her in her hall ; [dred weave. 

The thread of gold a hundred spin, the lawn a hun- 
And a hundred play sweet melody within AUM^H 

bower at eve. ^^| 

With the sound of their sweet playing, the lady falls 

"locp, [hear her weep ; 

And she dreams a doleful dream, and her damsels 
There is sorrow in her slumber, and she wjketli 

with a cry, [come nigh. 

And she callcth for her damsels, and .swiftly they 
" Now, whjt is it. Lady Alda," (you may hear the 

words they say,) [away ? " 

" Bringeth sorrow to thy pillow, and cliaseth sleep 
" O, my maidens ! " quoth the lady, « my heart it 

is full sore ! [never more : 

I have dreamt a dream of evil, and can slumber 
■ For I was upon a mountain, in a bare and de«er^ 

pl«<:e. [chase ; 

And i saw a mighty eagle, and a faulcon he did 
And to me the faulcoa came, and I hid it in — 

breast, [my y«. 

But th« mighty bird, pursuing, came and reut an 



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JOURNAL' 0^ THB BELLB8 LBTTHES. 



67 



AidlM Kttta'i all the <iMth«r% lod blood wtt on 

Uibok, [ihrick:— 

Jai iVer, u tM ton ind tore, I heard the fiuleon 

Nov read my vUoa, daniMis, so* retd my dreem 

to «e, [to lee."— 

For my keen Miy weU b« heavy that doleful tight 

Ogt tfJtt thefbreoKiet damielwaa in her clumber 

there — D**'/'* <lreain ii fair — 

(Too nay liear tiie wordt die aayt,) ** Ob ! roy 

The moualaiii it 8t Dealt* choir ; and thou the 

bukon art, [from thy heart, 

Aad the eigle atrong that teareth the garment 

Aai Kitterilth the feathera, ha ia the Paladin— 

Hut, when again he comet from Spain, mutt ileep 

thy knrer within ;— 
Then be hlythe of cheer, my lady, for the dream 
dbou mutt not grieve, [thee at eve." — 
k want but that thy bridegroom ahall come to 
« If ikon bait read my viaioo, and read it cub 
aaaglr"— [thy fee." 

Thus nid^ t£e Lady Alda, " thou ahalc not lack 
Bat wse it me for Alda I there was beard, at 

■onhighoar, 
A nice of lamentatioa witbia that lady'i bower | 
Fariberebadeome toPariaameaaeag*' byoifht. 
Aid kit hone it wet a-weary, and bia viaage it waa 
whke ; [eilence in the hall, 

Aai tktre'a weeping in the chamber, and there'i 
FtrSkRcdand hu been tboghter'd, in the chase 
of Roacesral. 

TBI WAMbntlNa kniobt's tONti. 

■ My oraamenu are armtt 
My pMime ia ia war. 

My bed is cold upon the woU, 
My lamp yon star : 

■ My joumeyingt ate long. 
My thunboB eboct and hiakea; 

rien hiU to bai I wander atili, 

Kiaaing thy token. 
■■ I ride from land to bnd, 

I tail from aea to sea ; 
Sane day 01911^ kind 1 fi|te may find, 
SotMi-Bightkiaathee!."— 
mifsmuA. 
Site* fat kiaaing tfaee, MlnguiKo, 

My mother scolda me all the day, 
Let me hare it quickly, darling I 

Gire me back my Iciw, I pray. 
If we bare done aught amita, 

Lct'a undo it whil» we may, - 
Oeiddy gire me back the kitt. 

That the may have naught to lay. 
Do— the keeps to great a pother, 

Cbidea ao aharply, bxika to grave ( 
Do, my knre, tn pleaae my mother, 

Gire bm back the kiaa i gare. 
Out npon you, fiilte Minguillo ! 

One you pre, but ttto you take ; 
Ghre me bade the two, my darling I 

Gire them, (at mj mothar't aeke. — 



aiATMtr: THB DinNnRNniT OF TBI DBAS, 

Tn ftcqaeat viotatiaBi of die taoctity of 
>fce Of«TC. nf «r almost daily broaght before 
the pabHe ia one aiiape or otucr bv the preia. 
iare excited so f irong a feeling that we need 
at apalo^ Cur addreating ourselvea to the 
■alyciet. ii^ereattac •» it h, not only to tb« 
■faipaWet afiMttiire, but to a acience of the 
«BO«tiBipa(taacetaBMnkiiid. Cooaideriag 
Ike waati «r amuomical inttraction oa the 
lae haad, tad tka Atfraat aatragc* «|»im ha- 
Mrity aa dM Mhar, m% kave peraaed tiM 
MMrtatMMr {b^ Mr. Abernetby, aad nri- 
•tMrartwiaea aaMMurtbe teadlns profea' 
mimuitftbt VMnpOt,) wltli Ae at- 



tention it demaods. Bound, u every man la, 
to consult tlie better feelings of his fellow 
creatures, there it evidently great tmth in 
the argnment; and aitrelv among a highly 
civlllled people, meant might bedevltedfor 
carrying on this branch of study withont 
obliging teachers to have reconrie to the 
odioHi meaenres now employed to fnrDish 
tbe dissecting rooms. Besides what is pointed 
out by Mr. Abenlethy, a greater number of 
executed criminals m'islit be assigned for this 
purpose ; tbe maltitnde of unknown bodies 
thrown ashore on onr coasts, instead of being 
reburied nnder the coroners' warrants, might 
also be rendered usetiil to (he living ; suicides 
(J'eb di m) instead of the existing revoKine 
law of burial, trantflxed with a stake, and 
other toitrees of necetsary supply, might 
readily be found Instead of the barbarous, 
desperate, and illegal practices at present 
resorted to. The legislature seem* never to 
have looked at the qnestion with any refer- 
ence to the advancement of scientific know- 
ledge, the general benefit as a consequence 
of Improved medical skill, and the national 
advantage in forming the highest School for 
Medicine in Europe : It bat only been anx- 
ions, properly to, to fence round the tomb 
with protection, and gnard even the sense- 
lets corse from profanation. But surely there 
is a dntv owing to the former part of the 
proposition ; and it would be well to take 
away the temptation to oflfisnd aj;ainst the 
latter, instead of visiting the offence with 
severity of punishment.* But we are detain- 
ing onr readers too long from Mr. Aberne- 
thy'i " Reasons why public patronage shonid, 
especiallv in this country, be given to Medical 
science," which are stated to have been de^ 
lirered as an 
" AoDRBSt to (lU Auiimet, at th* conlctuion tf 

t&e Kint itnatoHucat Ltctun, itUverti in a 

VlMmi School, which tau built, and afleraardt 

nlargtd, hg onier tf Ik* ContnuMe «^ oiu ^fitlu 

HMplttti i» LomUm. 
"OBMTI.BMB11:— What, now, for tbe first 
Mm*, I bare tlM benonr, aa a teacher, of 
addraatiag tbe atndenta in tbia enlarged 
theatre, f fiiel it right to avow my eapeeial 
gratitude to tbe present Qovernors of tbia 
hospital for their liberal patronage of tbe 
medical achool which tbeir predecessors hod 
established. 

" Tbia patroaaga I consider to ba highly 
liononrable t« tfaeai, beneficial to the inttitn- 
tion over which they preside, aad t* society 
at large. 

" Unquestionably, hospitals are tbe boat 
icboola of medical lastrnctioa, for in then 
we have the patieat'a ceadaot under control, 
and can resoiarly and closely traee tbe pro- 
greaa of diaeaae to its cettation or &tal ter- 
tninatien. In general, alto, lathe latter eaaa, 
we have tbe oppartuaity of ezaasieiog the 
actual nature of tbe diseatc, and learning 
whether our opiaioat and treatiaeat of it bad 
been correct or otherwise. Uaefui Acts are 
tbua acctBDolated) and the general stock of 
medical knowledge ia an^eated. , 

" In hoapitala, likewua, itadenta, after 
haviag learaad the adeatific priodplea of 
tbeir profeaaion, have an opportunity of tee- 
lug them practically applied. Tbe precept 
and the eaampfe are both before them, and 
racipreeailr impreas each other on the me- 
mory. It u to tittle purpose to taaeh sepd- 



*Two utea were tbe other day aeultDced to 
heavY fin^ and alx niipDths'.ioi(irisomueat ior 
itealiDg ftaead boojr. 



rately the mnltitndinons facte appertaining 
to the ttrnctnre of tbe parts of the body, and 
repeat the numerous observatioits and expe- 
riment* that have been made relative to their 
functions ; for the knowledge thns communi- 
cated will necessarily be acquired with great 
labonr by tbe pupil, and will be either soon 
forgotten or recollected with difficulty. It 
is Only by contrasting the healthy form and 
appearance of parts Of the body with the 
mutilations produced by accident and disease, 
and their healthy with their disordered func- 
tions, and shewing the rational means of cnre, 
that Anatnrov and Physiology can be ren* 
dered so bigliiy interesting and important, as 
to impresk indelibly on the memory what we 
bare learned, and excite us earnestly to seek 
for an Increase of knowledge. In hospitals, 
also, stndents learn from tne comparison or 
the nnmerons cases presented tiinnitaneoosly 
to their observation, to discriminate those 
minute particulars which distinguish diseases 
iVom one another. For, many maladies ap- - 
parently aimilar, are yet very difiierent in 
their nature, so that they may be compared 
with the common herbage ot the fields. In 
which, nnder a general resemblance, we find 
plants of very difTerent qualities, some salu- 
tary, and others pernicious. In short, tbe 
practical knowledge of onr profession Is 
much more readily attained in hospitals than ' 
it can be elsewhere ; and all the information 
which is there acquired is disseminated by 
means of the students throughout society. 

" Wiien a school of medical instruction is 
connected with the practice of an hospital, 
we are able to select students of whose zeal, 
capacity, industry, and duration of study we 
are assured, In order to render that subordi- 
nate assistance to patients which is necessary 
for the proper management of their cases. 
I am much gratified to be able to declare, 
that I know of no situation of llfie in which 
patients receive In general such good Subordi- 
nate attendance as tbey meet with in these 
establishments. For I have constantly ob- 
served, that real students of their profesMOn 
are highly interested in the well doing of' 
the cases that arc thus in part confided to 
their management. They live almost wholly 
on the sp9t, are ready at all times to readjust ' 
dressings which the restlessness of patients 
may have displaced ; and they often perform 
even menial and disgusting offices for the ac- 
comodation and, comfort of those who are 
under their ca^'e. 

" In other countries, hotpitkl* have been 
founded and supported by the government' 
with a view to their becoming schools Of 
medical in&tniction, to supply the armies and 
public service with capable professional cha- 
racter^, rather than tor the purpose of ha- 
manely alleviating the sulTerings of th^ sick 
and injured ^oor. Yet, wfaatever motives 
may have led to jbe first establishment' of 
them in those codhtries, their . utility a*' 
schools of medical sci^be is In every instance 
deemed of pribcipal impbttance. In proof 
of this, I may mention, that no one can re- 
ceive an appointment to practise in an hospi- 
tal abroad, who hat not given public proofs 
of his professional leal, industry, and supe- 
rior ability, and who I* not qnxlified ^to be- 
come a teacher of hit profession. '3..nrient* 
of promise are sent at the public cliarge to 
improve themselves In other countries, and 
on their return receive appointments to prac- 
tise In boipltals in their own. ' Those who' 
are learning tbeir profession are not tnfflereit 

to ofictate u drenen tilt the; iwn etioeeit 



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68 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



their proficiency by public examinations. 
Records of interesting cases occnrring in 
hospitals are expected to be kept, and tlie 
dissections of such as terminate fatally to be 
correctly registered, 

"In this country, however, where hospi- 
tals have been cbieny founded and supported 
in consequence of the benevolent feelings of 
the public, the more immediate and more in- 
teresting object of relieving the sutferings of 
the sick and injured poor, has so entirely en- 
grossed the attention of their Directors, that 
their utility as schools of medical instruction 
has been bat little considered. It is true, 
indeed, that medical men have by degrees 
converted the hospitals of this country int* 



duct of a mechanic, whose business it wa* 
to rectify the errors of any complex machine, 
were he merely to provide himself with the 
finest and fittest tools for the purpose, and 
yet neglect to learn its mechanism, by which 
alone he will be able to discover the causes 
of the errors or stoppage of its different 
movements, and consecjueutly what is wanting 
to be done to render it again perfect or useful. 
Yet equally absurd would be tbe conduct of 
medical men, were tliey to study botany, 
chemistry, and natural philosophy, searching 
indeed through all the paths of nature, and 
the stores of art, for means of cure ; and yet 
neglect anatomy, by which alone they can 
distinguish the nature of the difference be 



schools of medical instruction, but this has twecn health and disease, and consequently 



often been done in opposition to the wishes 
of the benevolent Directors of these charities. 
I know of no instance, except the present, 
in which the Governors of an hospital have 
of theirown accord established and patronized 
a school of medical instruction in connexion 
with the practice of the institution. Surely 
then this act must be considered honourable 
to the Governors, because it shews that they 
have taken enlarged views of the benefits 
which these institutions are adapted to con- 
fer upon society. It claims my especial 
gratitude, and I am convinced that the stu- 
dents must ever participate in my feelings, 
and shew by their conduct, with respect to 
the patients, that they are not undeserving of 
the patronage to which they are themselves 
so highly indebted. 

" After having thus adverted to this me- 
morable and almost solitary instance of public 
patronage being bestowed on medical educa- 
tion in this country, I cannot but express my 
deep regret that the public in general are 
not more attentive to the nature and wants 
of medical science, in which, nevertheless, 
they are vitally interested. This inattention 
would indeed be less deplorable, if igno- 
rance were merely a negative quality. If, fail- 
ng to do right, it forbore to do wrong ; but 
t is most mischievously active, and greatly 
augments ' the various ills which flesh is heir 
to.' Those who have studied their profession 
as a science, must always be the observant 
and respectful followers of natnre. They 
never presume to precede her, except to re- 
move some impediment from her path, or to 
perform what she evidently indicates. Hut 
the ignorant take the lead ; place obstacles 
in the way of nature's progress ; and presume 
to direct her course. So admirably are we 
constituted, that the very actions of disease 
often tend to the restoration of health. Yet 
these beneficial actions, by the ignorant de- 
nominated diseases, are put a stop to, aud a 
far worse malady is in consequence esta 
lilislied ; trivial diseases also are suspended, 
or we may say cured, by means destructive 
of health, and productive of lingering in- 
firmity. 

" Now, in other countries, the means of 
promoting medical knowledge, and prevent- 
ing the mischievous effects of ignorance, 
have been studied and prosecuted by their 
governments, which have consequently and 
with especial care, provided means of teach- 
ing anatomy ; for this forms the only basis on 
which the superstructure of medical science 
can possibly be built. We must understand 
the healthy structure and functions of the 
various organs and parts of the body, or we 
can never understand tlie nature of their 
diseases, nor the rational mode of effecting 
their cure. How abaurd would bo tb« coo- 



what is requisite to reconvert the latter into 
the former, which is the only circumstance 
that can render medicine a science 

" All foreigners express astonishment when 
informed that the teachers of anatomy, in 
this country, are obliged to depend, fur the 
power of communicating this most necessary 
and important knowledge, upon a precarious 
supply of bodies, which have been suffered to 
become putrid, and afterwards been interred. 
This is indeed a national disgrace ; and for- 
merly I would not willingly have acknow- 
ledged the fdCt of the disinterment of bodies, 
because it tends to disquiet the best feelings 
of the public. The newspaper writers, how- 
ever, have so blazoned it forth, as to render 
any attempt to conceal it unavailing. Still 
I would beseech these worthy genllcnien, 
nay, indeed, even magistrates in general, to 
consider, 1st, the necessity of the case ; and 
2dly, that the act is uninjurious if unknown. 
It only becomes injurious in consequence of 
its promulgation, and therefore its detection 
ouglit as much as possible to be suppressed. 
I know that the necessity of the case became 
a subject of deep interest and consideration 
to men of the first intellect, knowledge, and 
rank, in the kingdom. It was not long after 
the commencement of the last war, that the 
detection and trumpeting forth of an offence 
of this nature induced a member of parlia- 
ment to move for a bill to make it felonious. 
I, with others of our profession, stated to 
those in power, that there were at that time 
more than 'iOO young men who came up an- 
nually to London to obtain a stock of anato- 
mical knowledge which was to last them 
throughout their lives ; and that at the con- 
clusion of the season these students were em- 
ployed in the army and navy, where their 
services were then greatly wanted. I begged 
those with whom we had the honour of cou- 
versing,to reflect on the consequences of send- 
ing forth these young men in ignorance, to 
torment and increase the hazard and suffer- 
ings of their valiant countrymen. Every 
conversation ended with this decision, that 
the study of Anatomy was indispensable, and 
must not be impeded. 

"There are unhappily in this, as in other 
countries, numbers who die without friends 
or relatives to mourn their loss. If, then, 
the superintendants of prisons, poor bouses, 
and eleemosynary establishments, would but 
consent that the remains of those who die in 
such circumstances, or are unclaimed, should 
be made the subjects of anatomical instruc- 
tion, we should be put upon the same footing 
as other nations, and the obuoxious offence 
of disinterring the dead would be no longer 
necessary or committed. 

" In other countries the police can direct 
that to be done, which is contributory to the 



public good, though contrary to the feeliags 
and will of the parties immediately con- 
cerned ; who, however, readily and com- 
pletely acquiesce in what they know to be 
unavoidable, and is established by custom. 
In no place could the prejudices against dis- 
section have been more strong than they 
were at one period in Paris. Yet, at present, 
the bodies of those who die destitute are 
brought, sewed up in matting, to the different 
anatomical schools, and when dissected, are 
returned in the same manner for interment, 
withont exciting any di.vturbance, or evdM 
the attention of the public mind. ^| 

" In this country, however, the police ran 
interfere no further than with a view to pre- 
vent or punish the infraction of cstahlislied 
laws ; so that the correction of these errors 
and abuses rests entirely with the public. Oa 
the good sense of the British puMic I place 
the greatest possible reliance ; but it is ex- 
tremely difficult to induce the public to attend 
to subjects in which they do not feel an in- 
mediate personal interest; or to engage ui 
the culm consideration of them, when dis- 
turbed by their feelings and prejudices." 



We hope we shall not be thought, while ad- 
vocating; the cause of Science, to be inditft-'reui lo 
the cause of liumauiiy : it is in halu^rill^' the good 
tol)e (lone tohuniaiiityagaiust the natural feeliugs 
of antipathy to dissection, that the dilticulty of the 
case consists. It is obviously desirable that Sub- 
jects should he found ; and it is obiious that the 
means now coiniiiniily eniployeil to obtain them 
iii'cdisi;racefiil, obnoxious, and inndi^quate. We 
are iniorined that, at fewest, 5U0 are rcqifisite 
for the Schools of London ; and these are not 
pitKurcd, even in a IkuI state, without danser 
and crime. . A^aiii, the supply fioiii cliaritiuite 
esublishiucnts would be, in fact,|uuliiilly to^- 
feat the citarity; lor such is the' abhorrence lA 
this posthumous indignity, even in the lowest 
ranks of lite, that any idea of being exposed to It 
would prevent suffering wretches from seekhig 
relief in Hosj^tals or Poor-l»use.s. Thus^tlH 
matter is Ix^et with many dilliculties ; aud soM 
of the relations we have beard in connexion will 
it, wliile they hare grieved our he<uts, have abi 
increased the regret with which we view thesi 
einburrassnu'iits. What, for iustance, routd bi 
more distressing than the stor>-, recently in thi 
Newspapers, of the Widowtr.'who, wishing U 
lay his lost baby on the miiuldering basum M it 
hiiried mother, found tliat the grave had beet 
rifted, and that the lost ineUiiicboly sohtce he hn 
sought was denied to hisacbing soul ! Ves, Iher 
was another late event even more ngoni/iog thai 
tills: it appeared ill the Police lleports. Asono 
lo»vly station in Kent, hut offeclini<s which wouli 
li.ive ennobled the highest, hud interred hUage 
father. The body was removed during the night 
and the disonlereil sod too plainly ex|H>sed. Ih 
crime. A cart was tr.iced to Loudon, aud vile 
looking men had been .seen lurkiug about th 
lieacelul village churchyard. To the metropoU 
the son followed without delay. Inspired by filii 
piety, this poor countryuuui, tuially unaccui 
toiiied to the horrors of such sights, obtained 
warrant, and si-orched for his father's coric i 
every recejitacle, Medical School, aud Hospita 
The iinaguiation can hardly coiileniplate th 
dreadful task : we shudder while we think of i 
What were his best lio|H-s ? To liud the mangle 
limbs of the Heing to whom he owed life, ami 
some of those masses of putridity and aisgui 
which were exposed to his view. To turn ovi 
the gashed remains or the headless trunk, pra] 
iug that he might there recognise his father an 
give him tjhristiau burial. Our flesh creeps i 
the picture which our fancy draws. Suffice it 1 
say, that he did recognise tne mangled body, an 
did restore it to the earth. Tlie Koinaiis vvoul 
have erected a statue, if not a temple, to conuH 

niorate such au act, la Eugiaud it figured amoi 



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69 



thesbamefbl oanatiTes xot op to stimulate cu- 
nosiif in the reports of the to wnt coartg ! 

Sua shacking occarreoces ooght never to 
Uke pbee in a driliied oonntrj ; bat the more 
«eMtbeirboTTor,tliemoredo wefeelthe oe- 
eetiitr for other ptovisioas to remedy the evil. 
Weie these made, the secrecy of the Dissecting 
Kooon miriit safely be less inriolable, and we 
abooM Dot hear, as we have heard, of an eminent 
Sargtnn's opposine the eotraoce of a Prince into 
oae of these appallhiK sanctnaries. H.R.H!Kb- 
iie<s, inspecting attreat Hospital, was passing into 
ikis place, wbra the gentleman aOuded to locked 
the ooor, and with diaracteristic promptness 
cxdaimcd, " No, I trust I shall never see yonr 
Roy^ Migbness in tliat room, eitiier alive or 
*i/.'"-Ed. 



Ttkt of my Father and my Friendt. 13mo. 

pp. 173. London 1833. T. & G. Uuder- 

wood. 
These Tales, fonr in iinml>er,* possess one 
rare qaality: they are not imitative; or if 
(key eovy any model, that they are original 
ia initation. A'noilier of their qnaiities is an 
sppearance not merely of verisimilitude, but 
•f reality ; wliich ik,' Iwwever, a feature of 
anreqaestioaable merit than the other wehave 
■olieM. It is tnie, that while reading we 
isy, " No'donbt all these things actnally hap- 
pnad;'''bnt then comes the inquiry " Do 
they possess sufficient interest ? and might 
not their effect have been improved by inven- 
tiM?" To this, we think, the answer in the 
(iiebefi»reMwoaMI>e,/i«Hgk(. Bntwemnst 
tike the work as the author has chosen to 
give it to' us ; and we find it a pleasant little 
vtlinw, with descriptions of manners drawn 
Asm accurate obserratiog, and with materials 
«f wUch an experienced writer would have 
! at.least • greater show. 



Wt gdg a r P a v AJa llU,4»atfjot an i>ffia[ 
"m (he East tndta service, which conclndu 
ingieany, and it is simply and affectingly 
ioM. That ofMoreland is more distinguished 
' by an able sttempt at pourtrayinc a very re- 
MfhaMe character, in Horeiand, a general 
Moaginc to the patriot service on the Rio 
, Plata. It is evid^tly taken Aom tlie life, 
' lad we shall exeropliiy th^se tales by setec- 
tioBs from fltis finished sketch, which is as- 
cribed to Captl Cameron, a Scottish volunteer 
ia the Ameiican cante. 

"Vh Mmi bad notbfaig either dignified or 
pnpMMnriag in his appearance. He seemed 
skeit itrty years of age, was not alrave five 
fat two iaoies in heint; but his person was 
Mieaf aad motcalar. He was bandy-legged ; 
Us ftee ancji pitted with tlie small-pox ; hia 
^es, at dtseonl with eadi other, scorned to 
ht hoW tlie same dtject at once ; and his 
AuaMnt were exalted in rivalry with his 
head." 

Inane of many assaults, by the Indians, 
OcneralMoreland and Captnn Cameron are 
Men, and carried prisoners into the interior, 
wwle in captivity, the general relates his 
hntdnr. It begins very toiicliingiy: 

*^Vf ancestors for several generations had 
■eMetf a few acres of laud, along with a mill, 
M a small river in Berwickshire. I was the 
jroeagest of seven children, and was the 
darttagef both my parents. Seldom chastised 
WjTself, if any of my brothers or sisters were 
afraid of punishment, it was always to mi 
they applied to intercede for them. My feel 
lags were then so different irom what they 
are now, that I am often tempted to think 

*ajr Edm- Boyd, Mofitod, Alavia, and the 



that I am either not the same being I then 
was, or that the scenes which I think of with 
snch delight never existed but in imagination. 
Yet the noise of the mill, which still rings in 
my ears ; the water, in which I was wopt to 
bathe; and which, after escaping from its 
race, parted into several small streamlets, 
stealing down the lawn, like serpents in the 
grass, now hid and now seen; with the 
sprightly meadow queen sipping moisture on 
the banic, and whose fragrance I almost fancy 
I now inhale, form too refreshing a picture 
forme willingly to relinqnish the thoughts of 
its reality. With what joyonsness have I 
chased the goose and her cackling brood into 
the torrent, and admired the majesty with 
which she bore herself on the watery ele- 
ment ! And how eagerly, on market evenings, 
when my father appeared on the opposite 
bank, have I darted along, the plank, which 
served the purpose of a bridge, to welcome 
him home, and receive the gingerbread or 
apples which he always brought along with 
him! 

" But this happiness was destined to be of 
short duration. When I was about ten years 
of age, the rage for large farms began ; my 
father's land, together with that of several 
other small tenants, was let to one person, 
the mill taken down, and he withdrew to a 
neiglibonring town, where he dealt in flonr. 
" My father had never been able to save 
much money. The profits of the mill and 
farm did little more than support his family 
comfortably; and looking upon these as an 
inheritance,he had not stiiven parsinioniirasly 
to provide for the future. Little siocnstomed 
to vrorldly dealings, he could not guard 
against the tricks of the dishonest, and had 
not been long in his new profession ere be 
was reduced to poverty, and forced to work 

ia a laboflrer for Mr ^ upporfc'- ^.-m.^ 

" Naturally kind and benevolent, mirfbr 
tnne destroyed the temper of my father; and 
as my sisters bad gone into service, and my 
brothers were apprentice* to different trades- 
men, his morose hnmour was vented on my 
mother and me. The sound of bis voice as he 
returned from labour caused me to tremble ; 
and if I chanced to centinne at play an hour 
tonger than usnal in the evening, I watdied 
timorously near the door, in hope* of his 
going ont, that I might have an opportuai^ 
of slipping onperceived to bed. 

" The privations I endured of food and 
clothing, and the severity ray father treated 
me widi, entirely chaniped my disposition. 
Instead of being, aa formerly, gentle. and 
obliging, I became churlish and onarrelaome, 
and wa* so freqnently encaged in squabbles 
with my companion*, that it was found neces- 
sary to remove me from school. 
' " For aliout a year longer I continued at 
home, ocpasionaily earning a few pence by 
ealhering weeds on the lamis of a aei^boor- 
ing farmer. The expense of maintaining me 
was more than my father conld well support; 
and a shoemaker of his acquaintance bavins 
offered to diet me for my work, I was placed 
apprentice with him." 

From this master he received still greater 
severity, which hardened bis soni more and 
more. Yet lie falls in love with Agnes, the 
shoemaker's eldest daughter, who requites 
not his violent passion, bnt, slighting him, 
bestows her affection on a more likely lad of 
ei|(hteen, named Morris, his fellow shopman. 
Hu revenge prompts him to betray the sweet- 
hearts ; bnt ihey turn the tables upon him, 
and be 1* cmelly ponisbed as a lying informer. 



Rankling with revenge, Morris" happens to 
insult him, and in a paroxysm of frenzy he 
plunges his knife in his breast. On his 
victim falling be rushes ont, and escapes to 
Newcastle, where finding employment, he 
lanehes into company, and in a poblic-honse 
quarrel breaiu a man's head with a tankard, 
and in default of bail is committed to prison. 
We pass on to say that Bloreland, discnarged 
with all a prison's infamy instilled into his 
mind, leaves Newcastle for the wider stage 
of villany, London. Here, in conjunction 
with one Mitchelson,he enters boldly into the 
profession of pickpocket and swindler, and is 
successful in his depredations. Unrestrained 
by one hononrabie principle, he even betrays 
his associate for a reward of fifty pound* ; 
bnt soon after falls himself before superior 
villany, and is sent on board a man of war. 
He is vrrecked — 

Only one small boat remained. Out of 
respect to the estimable qualities of oor cap- 
tain, he had been lowered into it amongst 
tlie first, and his son, a brave youth of eighteen 
years of age, followed him. I sncccMed fa 
getting a place in the boat, which i^ght have 
held al)out thirty persons, but the dread of 
its being overloaded caused some one to cat 
the rope by which it was attached to the 
vessel, when only twenty had got on board. 
" I am a human being. Captain Cameron, 
and though I think worse of my species than 
you perhaps do, there are sympathies in me 
whictt cannot i>e wholly destroyed. The cry 
whicb|those who were upon the wreck set up, 
when deprived of their last hope, went like a 
dagger to my heart, and I would have vea- 
tured my life to rescue them from destruction. 
The sentiment, however, was but momentary 
—the decision of the nerves rather than of 
the mind. Reflection told me, that those for 
whom lavaa.thu* affefit^ might have lived 
in happiness, and I have been miserable: 
that wey might perish, and my felicity not 
be impaired. 

" One small cask of biscnit was all the 
provisions we bad secared, and to each man 
was allotted a biscnit twice a,day, with half 
a pint of rain water. This allowance, scarcely 
sufikient to preserve life, proved wholly in- 
adequate to support ns nnder the fatigue of 
labouring at the oar. Three of our com- 
panions died on the fonrth day fi^am leaving 
the ship, and were comijutted t4 the deep 
with a feeling of env^ Inke remainder, im< 
able to latxmr longer, allavred the iMat to 
drive at the mercy of the waves. 

** Exposed without shelter to the burning 
rays of a vertical snn bv day, and to cold 
winds and anwholesome dews by night, ima. 
gination conld scarcely picture a condition 
more wretched than ours, Bnt this wretch- 
edness was happiness, to what we had yet t» 
endure. 

<< We had been a fortnight in the boat, 
when, bv a sudden squall that newly upset 
us, the biscait cask was pilcfaed into the sea. 
Oh ! the misery— the unspeakable misery of 
that momeiK I We had long ceased to regard 
death with terror; bnt had he approached us 
in the hev-day of youdiful merriment, he 
could not have created inch consternation a* 
was exhibited on oor hee» when we saw onr 
whole means of sustenance disappear! My 
sinews were loosened, and blood seemed to 
ooie through every pore of my body.' 

" The dread of being starved to death in- 
creased the appetite of hunger ; and before 
the second day of onr fasting expited, the 
craving of my itonach was l^olenUe. I 



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retorted to every expedient; gnawed my 

»hoe« — my woollen nigbtcup — ev«ry tbini; 

that promiied nutriment, but it wai only 

. adding fuel t4> flame. lo my agony I bit my 

toDKue, and tbe relief, whicb the blood that 

. flowed gave me »Qg(e»ted tbe idea ofopening 

a vein< I had oo instrument wherewith to 

' perform this operation, but with my oaiU I 

•t l«i(gtii.eifect«<l tbe pnrpoie, and applied 

my mootb to liie wound. The abntineaee 

which I bad been forced to practt«ei and tbe 

fever ofmyspivits, had stagnated tbe purple 

current, and a few iicanty dropa were all tb^t 

met my lips. I raved, cursed, and bias 

phemed, until I found reflige either in mad 

ne«a or itupefaction, recollecting nothing 

further till I wa* wimrooned to assist at a 

consultation as to what could be done in this 

. m<>st horrible of all extramitie*. 

" Only one expedient cenld present itself 

•~«lld that one was adopted— of casting lota 

' who shoald be put to death to serve a* food 

for his companions." 

Land is happily discovered in time to pre- 
rent this dreadful crisis. Moreland tells his 
companion, that throngh concurring circnm 
stanres be at length obtained a commtssion in 
the PortngiiFse army in Brazil. From this 
he rises to the rank of a republican general ; 
and finishing his story, the tale concludes 
' with the catastrophe wliich attended an at- 
tempt of the two prisoners to escape : 

" The nigiit that was to restore us to free- 
dom drew on apace ; the provisions were dis- 
tributed later than usual, and speedily de- 
voured : the share of General Moreland and 
my own, under the pretence of Indisposition, 
being divided amon|;st the other prisoner*. 
■ The effect of the potion soon showed itself; 
, first one and then another of the soldiers 
began to slumber, and in less than au hour 
not one of them was awake. 

'* Darkness was set in, vlten the bolts of 

the prison door were slowly undrawn, and 

. m IndiM itu dts^Mvered holding a torch ; 

the light of which was prevented fttira ex- 

' tending beyond tbe building by a stout cloak 

which be wore, and by whidi be sheltered it. 

Having ghmced ronad to see if tbe ether 

priseaers were ceciure, tlie intruder laid his 

. finger .pn' hi* lips, .to enjoin silence, and 

beckoned to us to lirilow liim. He fastened 

, the door bebifld Uuu, without any of bis 

eoimtrymen being viiiiile. He then proceeded 

. at ».{|«tdi face ; and when he had attained' 

the country, stood stili, and imitated the cry 

«f •« aMwai Tbe signal was answered, and 

another Indian, mewited on • horse, and 

. leading three others, came up, to whoae care 

we were oonsigned by oar Aoaductor, who 

instaatly left ns. ' 

" Hie gitid«, who oodersteod Sp«niafa, wa* 
welt acquainted with the country, and con- 
dwted iw aafeiy for three ilayi. On tiK 
fewth morning, however, observing a party 
of horsemen at a distance, he called to ui to 
fly, and set off himself at a gallop^ lltia flight 
at|ir«cted the ettentien of die boraeaaen, wlio 
jfstMitly parsned, md,.- asy horse having 
et^iahM, oame «p with and secured me. 
9e«eral Mereland and (be gotde eontiaoed 
to fly. though elesely parsaea. 

" Tbe men by whoa I had been retaken 
prered to be n detachment of Yuthilow's 
army; vbe, after biadiag me with thongs, 
piveeMed «a their way without stopping tor 
their eenwadea, wIm %«d gone in pniaait ef 
the fafi^ec. Tbeae^ bewever, io lees $kaa 
anbowxiqiekusdtiiepar^i aiogiagin^lMtai, 



THII LITBRARY GAZBTTB, AND 



■ ■ I ii aawaaatgamaaagsaBB—i 

different compilation from Edwards, Breoaf, 
Henderson, and Others, giving their d«tsi|> 
of natnral history, die. in a dictienwy kind of 
form, and withoat any new informatian; ' 
Tbe whole thing smacks strongly of the 
Piratical and Duceaneerin^ affkirs of two 
centnries old ; and we fear thie period bss 
not yet arrived when tbe coloniaatioa lod 
commerce of this important part of the world 
shall be carried to tkeir height, though even 
under the government of a Highlud C«- 
xique, more accomplished than Rob Bey, sad 
better looking than Bolivar. 

ABAOo's (fretcinet's) ▼oyage boihid 

THE WORLD. 

In continuing our notice of this qnarto, we 
may express some gratificatian that it is not 
the prodnetion of oar native land. There it 
a pruriency about it which does no credit to 
the author ;-and th» demerit of its geneitl 
tenor may best be described as being the re- 
verse of Cook's manly and intelli^nt narra- 
tion. Still, however, as some of its details 
are curious, we shall, withoat going imo its 
peccadilloes, select a fiew of them to divcr- 
wfy onr page. 

Among the Moluccas the Oallic voyagers 
landed at Timer and Ombay, wiiasc wUm 
inhaWtantt aatonish M. Arago, So did tbe 
foUewiog : 

- - - "There are three hundred Chinese at 
Timor, and among them is one honest man. 
They have a temple and idols : bat I beliere 
they put on the appearance ofreligion only 
as a maik to their roguery. The son of tbe 
chief of tlie CJiineie gave as the history of 
thf. divinity tltey adore, and whose figure 
they have placed eu the piincipal altar. Here 
to point the witty saying of a U is — 
friend of enr* npoa the beklera of Payaia .. " 'There wm anee an aged fetlier of a 



and leading a borte, at tbe heels of which 
was dragged tbe body of General Morelund! 

" To describe my horror at this sight is 
impossible. I was not, however, long per- 
mitted to witness it. The leader of tbe band 
bestowed upon the men a gratuity, appa- 
rently of the nature of head-money ; tlie 
corpse wAs loosened from the horse's beelti 
and left to rot in tlia desert, 

"'And is thisalU' did I bitterly moralixe, 
as my eye glanced for tbe Ust time on the 
grim visage of my late commander : ' Is this 
all that remains of a spirit that was ever 
restless — that notliiog oo earth was able to 
satiated — No, it i* impossible! No shock of 
accident could destroy that essence which 
rejoiced in the tempest, and made a com- 
panion of the whirlwind. May it* mistake* 
and prejudice* while it *ojaurncd in that 
tabernacle be beheld in mercy ; and may it 
uow be partaking of that biio, of the exist- 
ence of which it once doubted!'" 

Having given more to this slight vplume 
than we are wont to do te works of its class, 
we can anly add that Alavia is an interesting 
Spanish tale; and tliat of tbe Touriats a 
pleuiug moral story, of wliich the «cene i* 
in Wale*. 



Shttch of tlu Motjiuito Shire, ineludiitg tttt Teni' 
fury cf' Poyaii, tfc. l(e. . By Thoma* Strange- 
ways, K.O.C. (meaning Knight of the 
Green Cross) Captain 1st Native I'oyer 
Regiment, and Aid-de-C.-imp to bis High- 
ness Grecor, Caziqne of Pqyais. 8vo. 
pp. tSi. Edinburgh 1822. W. Blackwood. 
To this volnme are prefixed a portrait of tbe 
Caziqae Gngtr the FirU, and " a Map of 
MoijnUia and tlie twritiiry if Pm/ta," eminently 
calculated to point the witty saying of 



loan-bonds — that they were a* good as ~le*' 
(on« to 4mprove their knowledge of geogra- 
phy I But we will give a ahare of Siis in- 
atmction gratnitonahr. Mosqaitia and Poyais 
appear to be aitaated on the Bay of Me«q«i- 
tia and the sea of Poyais ; — and the adjacent 
territories laid down are (we take those in 
the biggest letters, and we presamo most 
familiar to the public,) Costarica, Veragn, 
Towkcas, Panamakas, Woolwas, and Cacke- 
ras. Of principal places, we notice The 
Hobbies, Cape False (a still more ominous 
n;(mf,) Dragon's Moath aud Uuli's Mouth 
-(Boca del Drago and Boca del Foro,) Cab- 
bage-tree Point, Pigem Kays, and others 
equally distinguished ; bnt in case these indi- 
cations should not lead our readers to the 
right latitudes, we beg leave to meotioa that 
they wHIdiscover the new empire somewhere 
between Panama and Houdnra*. 

This is the country of whirh Capt Strange- 
ways gives ns what he modest^ calls " a 
Sketch." Hence we learn that, leeiti « mm 
laeeitda, the Mosquito there has been ilo 
ebristeaed by former navigators) not because 
It was infotted with musqoitos, but beeaate 
it was » little tronUed with the*< disagree- 
«Me {nsects." Mosquitiais abent tlO miles 
long, and iUeKrmefrnDdtAStCmflM; notwith- 
staadiag which, it is full of •' large rivers 
that run amw ^mulnd mUet np into a fige 
healthy and f^ifltful country r these remark- 
able peenfiarities are worthy the notice of 
settlers, as; till they visit Poyais, they will 
probably be unable to understand how rivers 
run up or how their coarse can extend hun- 
dreds of miles beyond the extreme breadth 
of thecomitiy. 

Aslorthereat «f ttewlMM, H(*aa ita- 



faaily who had tare sons and a danfhtar i to 
proeare them food, he often went a banting 
and fithiag. One day, a* he was returning 
with hi* two sop* in a slight boat la<l«a with 
a large quantity of fish, a terrible storm as- 
sailed them, and the boat was snok. An 
three perished on the pocasioa; and the 
young girl who was preparing dinner, io tbe 
absence of her mother, hearing the fatal 
news, tinted away, fell on the floor, and 
did not come to herself, till the mother had 
soundly beaten her, '.What do yoo nean by 
sleeping here ?' said tbe enraged parapt. 
'Why don't you attend to your businn**?'— 
'I was not asleep,' cried tlie daughter: and 
immediately she ro*e up, holding her two 
brothers in her arms, and her father between 
her teeth.' This miracle, well attested, pro- 
cured lier alUrs : and the Chinese, who re- 
lated this interesting and instructive talc, 
assured Us of his respect tor the little foiracle- 
working girL" - » • 

At Ombay, " before we reached tite land, 
we passed through shoals of porpoifea, wb|eh 
made truly comical leap* out of M>0 *ller 
into tlie air. At length we came M» wsp- 
nel: and one of tiic natives, of $■ Ihracioai 
aspect, offered himself to protect VOr l«pd- 
ing, while two other* followed bini.44M«r*'>' 
came slowly toward* us, , 

'' We landed, armed witti moskett, ^bm, 
and pistols ; and every tiling, from the first 
moment, warned us to use extreme prudence 
and circumspection. Tlie islanders . were 
divided into several bands ; a^d femiated 
whistle* informed as that they were IttlerTO- 
eating and consulting with each fttfaer. We 
felt ottnelvcs by no neuatemit* s hlMl^hUe 
we conpmmcated onr apprehuklaaa» «« Itill 



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JOUB.NAL OF THE BBLtBS LETTBBS. 



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^ 



iirted tbit we most not give up oar enter- 
prise, tbongh we ran t|i« rUk of falliog vic- 
ligii tv our perseverance. We proceeded, 
Ikerefore, toward anenomidoi banyan tree, 
it tbe/oot 9rwbicl| t^ ^onaiderable number of 
die turaket were peaceAbly lying f on the 
WIT I played tome tnnes on my Ante, m 
(Midren (log when they are atVaid : bnt I 
wu far trma flattered at flnding that the 
tbrte iilanders a^ecompanying ns appeared 
mttotake the least notice of It. Kather 
piqaed at their tndUferenee, I toolc ont my 
cwttnelt; and the noise of these, being 
i^rceable to their ears, procnred me a little 
■ore respect. They came np to me, es- 
■milled Die instmment, and expresaed by 
si|a> a desire to have it. I was stiff in my 
tntn, and refuted ft with some hangfitiness, 
pi«tending to attach a very high price ttf it. 
" We hwl now, however, reached the prln- 
ti pal g rahpi AH tiM tavagai, who bad hitherto 
pitiCTved the greateat ttillness, seamed to 
kiadle dieir arrows, amnsa themselves with 
tlieirkreeset, aad employ tbenuelvet in bend- 
iag their bowa. 

•■ We asked to apealc to the ngah ; and five 
•r »t tono#o«a voices answered almost at 
•■M, psaitU f aaemd.) At length we took ont 
•f tar packets nod little baskets tome strings 
affbst beads, tookiog>glaaaea, and ringt ; 
at which an. old naan, with a tmly hideons 
fouienanne, rose np, and told ns, that he 
wu thy r^Ji. Berard pat abont hia neck a 
in* ascklaca, «nd made him a present of 
t M aar-riags, whi{e my other friends showed 
tkeaiitlve) eq.aaUv generous to some tsvages 
tiger ia (heir demands. Bnt as wliisUes 
wcnAtUl bevd at iotervala, w<t took pains 
to show them oqr mnskets. to asceriiin 
whether they were acqnaintetl with their ter- 
rible effects. Ther looked at them disdain- 
M^, again bandied their weapons, and 
attstled as they tnrned roodd, v if to insnit ns. 
" I had seme cups and balls, llttte balls of 
itritg, handkerchiefs, and cards. I attempted 
to (how them tome tlelght of hand tricks ; 
tljef then began to approach me, smile, snr- 
round me, and press me to continue my per- 
focmances. S^oiced at this discovery, I did 
mj best to excite their astoaishment, per- 
xtded that they ^oiild soon forget their 
ferocity. In fiict, after a aoarter of anhonr's 
anaieaent, we bent our course toward their 
riilagc, and most of them followed ns with 
tolerabli! gaiety. Hefore we a^ceuiied the hill, 
00 which It it titn«ted, we stopped under a 
luft tree, to view some maguificent arms 
inspended from it, and some earthen vessels 
of as'rag<ilar shape, in which they prepare 
tkeir fowl, and make salt by boiling. I made 
Jrawiogs oT the arms ; and an Ombaytn, 
snre eomptaisant than I could have snp- 
|)«sed, pnt them on, as<nmed a warlike attl- 
t*it, and invited me to avail myself of his 
orittty ; while another also put en a cuirass, 
M acted a cembat before ns. His bow it in 
■oiiea, (he arrows start from his girdle, hit 
•lepi are cautions, his looks threatening.. .. 
...Kt length he crows warm. With the 
utirity of • leopard he leaps over hedges 
lad bashes, hides himtclf behind a tree, 
Mra fraqnentiy awaits hit enemy 6rmly ; 
itoao* adroitly, and is again boldly erect. 
Vaitar the cover of a buflaio's hide, he seems 
ladeapiaelhe darts and the rage of l|is ad- 
versary ; and defends himself from them with 
igBUy. Mot Ma bow is become useless to 
Urn : he arms Mmtelf with his krees ; rashes 
so his enenty ; follows him chitely, pushes 
kim, strike* Um ; fab eyei flash fire ; his not 



trils are enlarged ; his mnscles swell ; he par- 
ries still, bnt we see be is already uonqneror ; 
In fine be makes a last effort, and his eneniy 
hlls at his feet. We were stupefied. 

" Never did I see any thing more aetlve, 
any thing that approached in rapidity the 
motions of this savage. After eqfoying our 
surprise, he came to ns, took hold of one of 
onr mnskets with an Insolent air, and gave 
ns to understand, in a manner tkr from equi- 
vocal, that Willie we were loading it, he eonid 
let fly a score of arrows. And to show nt 
bow certain he was of hitting his object, and 
the strength of his arm, be launches one of 
his darts with an expert hand, scarcely taking 
aim, at a little tree be pointed ont abont 
fifty paces distant ; and onr united efforts 
could not poll It ont withont leaving behind 
thejagged bone with which it was pointed. 

" Desirous of effacing the strong impres- 
sion they had made on ns, I again repeated 
a few sleight of hand tricks, while incinirint 
the way to their habitations. They polntei) 
out to us a path which would take us thither : 
bnt we discovered too late that they showed 
as this only to get to it before ns, as oh ar- 
riving, we found them already assembled 
before a large house, and there onr barter 
took place, tliey were too powerful to de- 
ceive ns : onr trading was frank on both sides. 
They gave ns a great number of bows and 
arrows, and received from ns a few handker- 
chiefs, small knives, necklaces, rings, and 
two or three haidiets. I offered my casta- 
nets for one of their euirasses ; but was 
answered, ponoli. 

<■ The houses of this village, called Bitoka, 
ere built on piles- two or three fa^ Ugh. 
Their moveables, their kitchen, and every 
thing, stand on piles t and under the principal 
timber-work of the bnildtng is a floor formed 
of small beams and large mats, in which the 
women conceal themselves, and which ap- 
peared to me to be the apartment of the chiefli 
of the house. In the second house, as we 
entered, we saw ateore of human jaw-bones, 
which we wished to purchase ; but all onr 
oflbra were anawered by the word pamaH : and 
when we asked to see some of the women, 
their only answer still was panaU. 

"The cuirass worn by the Ombayan, of 
whom I made a drawing, Is called samio In 
that country. It Is of buffalo's bide, adorned 
with shells arranged In piecing figures, and 
has a hole for tlw lieau to pats throaglk I 
know nothing to which I can compare it belter 
than the cope of our priests. Dry, jagged 
leave*,, and little belts faatened to tnem, pro- 
duce a sort of loud whistling, calcnlatad, 
perhaps; to animate them In battle, 'nieir 
bucklers resemble, in almost every reipect, 
the forepart of their cuirasses : and in that I 
drew I remarked a number of holes and 
notches; whence I Inferred, that it had 
already often saved the warrior to whom it 
belonged. 

"The arrows of the natives are reeds, 
furnished with a iagged point of wood, bone, 
or iron. Their bows are made of bamboo, 
and the string of the gut of some animal. 

" Now that we are returned from this 
dangerous excursion, we may congratulate 
ourselves on the calm that detained ns so 
long near this island, and langli at the danger 
we ran. Tlie accounts given us by the cap- 
tain and mate of a whaler are trnty alarming. 
They affirm, that all the natives of Ombay 
are cannibals : and that, if we had landed 
only a quarter of a league north of Bitoka, we 
thonM certainly have bee* nuttaered. The 



boat of a thip of aelfcttmitry, that faHrtn<l 
there lately, wat hanled athore, and all tM 
crew devoured. They ackabwledit* noehief, 
make war one village npon another, dip their 
weapont in poisen kept in tlM hollow of • 
bamMo, and suspend from their dwtUiiiga llw 
jaws of their vanquished enemies.*' 

It teems to be a capital thine in a Tovaga 
round the world, to nnfleritand ilelfhtof'hdnd 
tricka, and we suggest, to such men aa the 
Russian Count Romauxoff, tbe heads of the 
British Admiralty, the Bavarian King, it«. 
the expediency of hereafter attaching • cmh 
juror or two to their exploratory mittlont, 
whether to the Pol* or toe African interior. 
But A|, Arago tbinet alto M a dranglittmMt 
and in respect to this we shall pronabiy te- 
turn to bis work again. 



BVBDinON TO DOnOOLA. 

(CWludsd.) 

The Saltan of Sennaar was obliged to com- . 
promise with the Egyptian invaders, and fed 
them to hit capital. 

" On .approaching tke city, .the anoy ta- 
inted this long witbed for town, wberf they , 
imagined that their toils and privations wpold . 
cease, At least for a time, with repeated'an<i 
oontinned volliei of cannon and mnaqiietiy, 
accompanied with shouts of exultation. Bnt ' 
these shouts subsided on a nearer approadi, 
on finding'this once powerfU city of Sennaar 
to be almost nothing but heapi of mint, con- 
taining in some of Its quarters somq fewbnn- 
dreds of habitable but almost deserted homes. ' 
After the camp waf p\t;hcd,' and I had re- * 
fVeshed myself with a little <bod, I tMk a 
walk about the town. At almost tvery step ' 
( trod upon fragmentt of bunt briekt, ameaf 
which are frequcnntly to be fbmd fragmentt 
of porcelain, and tomettmet marble. The ' 
most contpienoiit bnildlngt In Sennaal' art % 
mosque, and a larp;e brick palace adjolalat it. ' 
The mosnne, which It of brick, it in |^ad 
preservation; its windows are covered with' 
well wrought bronze gratin|^, and the ifoer* 
ar« handiomely and enrlonsiy «arvell. The 
interior wat desecrated by nneouth figntet of 
animals, ponrtrayed npon the wafls with' 
charcoal. This profhnailon had been peN 
petrated- by -the Pagan moantaltteet-t wh* 
inhabit the mduntalnt thirteen Atji'' march' 
sooth of flemiaar, aad who, at tome period, 
not yety Jong patt, had taken th* tow«, and 
had left npon the walls of the motqn* tb*t« 
tokens of pottettlon. 

" The palace it larj^e, bnt In rnlni, except 
the centre bniUling, whidi it ilx ttorlet high, 
having five rows of windows. By nidnntinf 
npon Its roof Tou hare the best possibib view 
of the city, tne river, and the environs^ tha^ 
th* plaoe can afford. I jodgnd that Sennaar 
was abont three mU«t ia fliivnmfwrenp*. Th* 
greater part of thit apae* i* aaw M«*r*d 
with the ntns of hontet, bniit of brinki •ilher 
burnt or dried In tbe tun. I d* not believe 
that there are mere than fonr hnndredh*iit*i 
itandlug in Sennaar, and of tbeie one-third 
or more are round cottages, like tbote of th* 
village!. Of those built of Mckt, the largett 
it the-boute of the Snitan. It is • large en> 
closure, contatnlaf^fwigea of low b^ welt 
built htbiutiohs of tnnwlried hritkt, iriu 
terraced rooAi, and tlie interior ttoccoed wilh 
fine day. What ttrock am tt^ mt»t, .wa* 
tbe workmanihip of tbe doort of tb* oM 
hoot** of Seaaaar, which *r* compoied af 
planed and joint*d plankt, adaraed fVe^naatlr 
with carved work; aad ttr«agth*a*d aai 



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72 



THE LITERARY GAZi^TTE, AND 



sttiddcd with very broad headed nails ; the 
whole inimitable by tiie present population of 
Scnnaar. These houses are Tery rarely of 
more than one story in height, the roofs ter- 
raced with fine and well beaten clajr spread 
OTer mats laid upon rafters, which form the 
roof. 

" The city of Scnnaar is of an oblong form, 
its longest side opposite the river. It stands 
not at any distance from the river, but di- 
rectly upon its west bank, which consists 
hereabonts of hard clay. - - • 

- - " The bed of the Nile opposite Sennaar 
may be reckoned at about half a mile broad. 

" The environs of Sennaar are wide plains, 
containing large and populous villages. A 
long ragged mountain, the only one visible, 
stands about filleen miles to the west of the 
town. Below the to^yn is a small but pretty 
island, whose inhabitants thrive by raising 
Tegetables for the market of Sennaar ; and 
the op|>ositc bank of the river presents seve- 
ral verdant patches of ground devoted to 
the same object.* Beyond these spots, the 
country on the other bank appeared to be 
mostly covered with trees and bushes, among 
which I saw four elephants feeding. 

" I could not find any 'remains of any very 
ancient building in Sennaar during my stay, 
and I believe tliat none exists there. Such 
ii tlie present appearance of a town which 
lias evidently been once rich, comfortable 
and flourishing, but which, for eighteen years 
past, as I iiave been informed, has been the 
lacerated prey of War and Confusion." 

This is in our author's best style ! The 
tnltan submitted, and the eastern parts were 
conquered with great slaughter by the Divan 
Eifendi, who brought in its chiefs and popu- 
lation prisoners and slaves. Two of these 
chiefs " the Pasha ordered to be impaled in 
the market-place of Sennaar. They suffered 
this horrid death with great firmness. One 
of them said nothing but ' There is no Ood 
but God, and Mohammed is his Apostle,' 
vthich be freqnenlly repeated before impale- 
ment; while the other, named Abdallah, in- 
sulted, defied, and cursed his executioners, 
calling them (truly) ' robbers and murderers,' 
till too weak to speak, when he expressed his 
feelings by spitting at them."t 

" • S^iimuir has three market-places. On our 
arrival wc found them deserted, but on assurances 
from the Pasha that all sellers should rectdve a 
fair price for their commodities, the principal one 
in » few days bcK^n to be tilled, 'rhe articles I 
iaw were, meat uf camels, kine, sheep, and f{oat$; 
a few cat-fish from the rjver, plenty of a vegetable 
called uieholakea ; some limes, a few melons, 
oicuinbers, dried barmea, a vegetable common in 
Eg)pt; beans, dorra, duchan, tobacco of the 
country, plenty of gum arable, Avith which, by 
the way, Sennaar abounds, (the natives use it in 
their cookery;) drues and spices brought from 
Oidda, among which I ohsencd giniter, pepper, 
and cloves ; and great (luautitics of dried odori- 
feroui herbs found in Sennaar, witli which th« 
natives season their dishes ; to tyhich must be 
ailded, a plenty of the long coiton clolhs used for 
dress >n i^eunaar." 

f Anothw of the^e cruel expeditious is thus 
described : " On the Uth of the moon Sh.-\wal, 
CoKia Achmei retui ned to Scnnaar, briiii;ini; with 
him about two thousuud prisoijersas sLtves, con- 
nisiiug almost eniirely of women and children. 
The events of hb cx|ied tion wcif related to me 
as foUiMvs: He marched rapidly for ten d.iys in 
a direction about soutli-we^it of .Sinnuar (the 
xapital.) wilihmt resistance, tlironj^h a wcll- 
™""oleo omiitry^ without mveting with any op- 



Respecting the course of the river we are 
told: — " The information I received was ai 
follows : ' The soarce of the Adit (so the 
people of Sennaar caU the river that runs by 
their city) is in the Olbel el Gumara, (>.«. 
that great range of mpnntaios called the 
Mountains of the Moon',) aboat sixty days 
march of a camel from Sennaar, in a direcr 
tion nearly south. It receives, at various 
distances above Sennaar, several smaller 
rivers which come from Abyssinia and from 
the mountains sooth of Sennaar. Thej^eiMrai 
course of the Bahar el Abind (they said) was 
nearly parallel with that of the Adit, but its 
source was much farther •ff,amDng the Gibe! 
el Gumara, than that of the Adit. The Bahar 
el Abind, they said, appears very large at the 
place where the Pasha's army crossed it, 
because it is augmented from the junction of 
three other rivers, one from the sonth-weat, 
and two others from the east, runninn from 
the mountains south of Sennaar.' On my 
asking them, ' Whether the Bahar el Abind 
wan open and free oi thtUaU or rapids V they 
said, ' that at a place called Snllnk, about 
fifteen days march above its junction with 
the Adit, (i. e. above the place where we 
crossed the Bahar el Abind,) there was a 
shellal, which tliey believed that boats could 
not pass. On my asking whedier, by fol- 
lowing the banks of the Bahar el Abiud and 
the river that empties into it from the west, 
it was , not possible to reach a city called 



position till he came to the. moantalns of Bokki, 
mhahitcd by Pagans, the fbltowcrs of the cliief 
who had rejected the Pasha's letter. They were 
posted on a mountain of diDcult Rocesa ; but thdr 
post was stormed, and after a desperate strn;^, 
they found that spean and swords, though 
wielded by stout hearts and able hands.were nota 
match for fire-arms. They fled to another moun- 
tain , rearward of their first position. They were 
again attacked by cannon and musketry, and 
obliged tu tly toward a third position : In their 
flieht , they were in part hemmed in by the cavalry 
of t'oi^ia .Arhniet, and about fifteen hnndicd of 
them put til the sword. Iliose who escaped 
look refuge in a craggy monntlUu, inaccnsihie to 
cavalry. Cogia Achmet, beUeving he had made a 
Hufflcient proof to them that resutance on their 
|iart was unaw^ling, and the troops having suf- 
fereil great distress oy reason of the almost con- 
tinual rains, after sweeping the villages of these 
people of all the poptilation they could find la 
them , resumed hit march for Sennaar. On their 
return, they had to ford several deep streams, at 
this seasou running from the mountains, and both 
horse and man were almost worn oat before they 
reached Sennaar. 

" 'Die people of Bokki are a hardy race of 
mountaineers— tall, stout, and handsome. They 
are Pagans, worshippers of the sun, which planet 
they consider it as profone to look at. Tlic pri- 
soners brought in by Cogia Achmet resembled 
in their dress the savages of Ameri6a ; they were 
almost covered with Mads,' bracelets, ana trin- 
kets, made out of pebbles, bones, and ivory. Theb 
complcsion is alaiost black, aiid theb'maiuiers 
and deportment prepossessing. The arms of 
these people gave me great surprize : they con- 
sisted of well-formed and handsome helmets of 
iron, coats of mail, made of leather and overlaid 
with plates of iron, long and well-fasbioiied 
lances, and a hand-weapon exactly resembling 
the ancient bills formerly used in England by the 
yeomanr)'. They were represented to me by the 
Turks as dangerous in'personal combat. They 
had never seen' fire-arms before, and they never- 
theless withstood them with great intrepidity. 
They said, I was informed, that a fusee was * a 
coward's wea|ion, who stands at a safe distance 
from his enemy, and UUa hhn by an iMuiUe 
tiroke:" 



Tombnt orTombnctoo? ' They said, that ' tkey 
kiKw nothing of the'city I mentioaed, having 
never l>een farther west than Kordoba and 
Darfour.' 

" This was all I couM learn : but I am 
disposed to believe, thyt the main stream of 
the Bahar el Abind cannoit have its soarce h 
the siuiie latitude with that of the Adit, b«- 
cause it comaienced its rise, at least tbii 
year, abent twentv days sooner than tfid tke 
Adit, aad the different colour of it* waters 

RrovcM that it flows throogh a tract diffetiat 
I qnaKty of soil fron tint tkroogh iiludi 
pM*e> the Adit. The interesting questioa, 
' wiKtIur the Niter eommnnicates with the 
Bahar el Abind? will, however, very 
bably be determined before the close of 
other year, as the Pasha will probably send 
an eapediti«n up that river. 

'■ Secoadly.I us further disposed to beliefB 
that the nnin stream of tb* Adit, or Nile af 
Bmee, does not take its rise in Abyssiria, 
but in flie menntaim assined as tke place oi 
its origin l>y the people of Sennaar. Foraa 
viewing the inats of water that runs by Soh 
near even now, when the river has not at- 
tained two-tliirds of the usual magnitmde it 
acquires daring tiM rainy season, I can by no 
means believe that the main source of such a 
river Is only aboot three hundred mUeCdis- 
tant from Sentsaar." 

Our traveller returned to Cairo with dn 
courier who carried the news of these vic- 
tories : but bis jonmev has nothing to detain 
OS. The only natural phenomenoa Ik men- 
tions seems to be very doubtful ; it is thus 
described : 

" I made during my stay In Seiraaar tn- 

anent inqiiiries aboiit the fly mentioned by 
\rvux ; the people of Seiuiaar said they knew 
nothing of it; out, in replv to my inquiiiea, 
referred to a worm, which they aay co^s 
out of the earth during the rainy season, and 
whose bite is dangerous. The reptile spe- 
cies in Sennaar are numerous. The houses 
are full of lizards, which, if you lie on tlie 
floor, you may feel crawling or riimiiBg over 
you alt night. I saw at Seanaar a serpent of 
a species, I believe, never liefore mentioned. 
It was a snake of about two feet long, and 
not thicker than my tbnmb, striped on the 
back, with a copper-coloured belly, and a flst 
head. This serpent had four legs, wh'icfa did 
not appear to be of any use to him, as they 
were short and hanging from the sides of hit 
belly. All his moUons, which were quick 
and rapid, were made in the usual manner of 
serpents, i. t. upon its belly.*" 

'With this we take our leave, looking to 
onr author rather as the avant-courier of 
H. CaiUiand,>d(c; tiMB as aa aothority in him- 
self for any thing very important. 



" • It was in tlie bouse wiiere i quartered, at^ 
Sennaar, that I saw this singular anlnaL 1 
jogged Khalil Aga, my oouutrynmn and com- 
panion, to look at it. He burst out into an exda- 
mation, .' By G— , that snake has got kcs.' He 
jumped up and seized a stick in order to Kill aod 
keep it as a curiosity, bnt it dodged hix blow, aod 
darted away among Uie baggage, which was orer- 
hauled without finding It, as it iiad undoabterfly 
escaped into some hote in the cby wall of the 
house. M. Constant, the gentleman who acoan- 
paniM M. Caillaud, was present at the time, so 
that I am convinced tliat wiiat I saw was aotan 
ocular ^elusion. I have been infoinied, since mjr 
return to Kgypt, that the figure of this animal 'i4 
to be seen sculptoied upon the futcicnt moaa-^ 
menu of Kgypt.'' 



te- 



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JOtiai^AL OP THfi BKLLBS LETTRES. 



73 



tAM> OOJ 



lavoni 



XniBRAI. ytATEBS. 

Td tk( Idiur ef thi literary Gauit*, 

Dradm, Dae. 1833. 
Tub soattera numBer^ wkidk gave doable 
fkarim and fertility to o«r favonred valley of 
the Elbe, assembled here a greater concourse 
of travellers firom all coootries than ia any 
pvceiHag year. Many who cane merely «rith 
die iriteirtiM of speadingbnta few days here, 
detained by Ihe iiiteresnng objects presented 
l» then by natare and art, sojourned with as 
fsr weeks, and even nonths. In propor- 
tion as o«r eaoiaent ptHsieian and diensist, 
Dr. Strave, had eatoHwd and improved his 
lastbatioa for tke Eshibitioa of Artificial 
WaaraiWaten, (forte hi« vUitiaiheantamn 
•f btt year to the baths aaar the Rhine be 
bad ftfaed araebraaefotadditiaMaliafonaation 
lespeetiag the pveparation of these waters,) 
did the .Bonber of Us aative and foreign 
vilkett increase ; and these did not foil to 
Up etieace the most beneficial effects, unless 
wa nter aeted by inatteBtien to diet, or to 
eOer. eireaautances. The macbtneiy had 
been wholly renewed and improved, and 
thas hoth tiM warm and cold springs of Carls- 
lad, Mwieabad, Eger, Eias> Pyrmont, Kis- 
ijagsm ite. ware broacht, 1^ a nerelyebe- 
■iod luxtare, to unriviUled perfection. Theiv 
He apoa .the list upwards of eight han- 
dled visitora, who ased the waters daring 
Ike munmer, asd at the same time partook of 
iB the external enjoyments aflbtded by a 
beaatifol flower-garden, aJongshad^f gallery, 
sad a band of music, combined mth social 
ial|ic«vrs« with the most accomplbhed per- 
sMffbodi sexes. Evea the Pnncee of oar 
MtKMoy Rciyal house freoneiitly mingled 
wtMihe fonMers here, and flie King himself 
vl^M the Mstitatioa. Many noMilievers, 
wbaitappfid here after niiag the celebrated 
Bohapian waters, were converted. The great 
BeMtau, of Slockholm, after a minute exa- 
Wi aali wi, testiJSed his approval of the Insti- 
tatfpa. qtnive has not hitherto availed him- 
ariraf (he privilege granted to him to esta- 
blish simttM'iiistitnti.ons in Saiony, excepting 
.at Leipi%, where in the galleries of Reicbel's 
'Garlea, a place convenientiv situated for the 
pmpoee, apwards of four haadred oersons 
drwk the waters with the most beneficial re- 
sak, nnder the immediate superintendence of 
' the hivtator, who'travelled to and fro. Many 
of the most respectable physicians of I<eipzlg 
beeame/iastead of adversaries, the champions 
df the; new method. The incessantly active 
Md disinterested Strave has so far sacrificed 
' dlF\paaniary profit to the promotion and im- 
pt a ni m 't nt or bis plans. Still it wonld be 



^.-^- to sappose that the pfavsicians of 
Ijatorig and Dresden, netnatea by false 
patBoUsia, eadeavoored to persuade the 
patifati, nmutj of whom canw from distant 
p«<ti< mad were destined for the Bohemian 
ud Sbenish baths, daring their residence 
here, la the exdnsive use of these artificial 
watert. They left to each the fVee choice 
between aatnre and art; but when expressly 
aacstioned, they coincided in' the assurance 
■at all effiecits, whether good or bad, pro- 
AhM by natural mineral waters, likewise 
w ia lt lwm Strave's mode of treatmeat. It 
was fteqaently iateiesitog to learn how per- 
(easdottlttiagtheideatity of art and aatnre, 
wen eaa ver t e d into eathnslastic- votaries of 
Ae fo s w Df, whea -partiealar effMtt,' which 
tbay hadfawioasly aaperienaed hi a tirikiag 



manner at the springs, were here so eActly 
reprodaced. 

Thns has this Institution, iu the short space 
ofthree years, acquired ah astonishing solidity 
and extension. It might in some respect be 
termed a school for the department ot Medi- 
cine to which it belongs ; for no opportnnity 
presents itself in natnre, in so small a com- 
pass, for observing how mineral waters in 
seneral, and such as seem to differ but little 
m>m each other in their constituent principles, 
nevertheless vary so essentially in their opera- 
tion on the patient. Thns in cases where one 
spring seemed adapted to the case of the suf- 
ferers, who nevertheless derived from it no 
actual relief, a cure was effected by the sub- 
stitution of another. Thus, too, many persons 
retnming fVom the waters of Manenbad, 
Prantensbruonen, and Carlsbad, have been 
benefited by taking those - of Strnve's Insti- 
tution. That part of the suburbs In which it 
is situated, is receiving a considerable aeces- 
rion from new buildings, and has this summer 
been much frequented. Hence this circum- 
stance contributes to the enlargement and 
embellishment of Dresden, wiiere, dariag this 
summer, agreeable gardens and iaviting walks 
have arisen in the interior of tlie city on spots 
before covered with nibbish. We have' no 
donbt that Strove himself, when his plan is 
matured, will give the mbst foil a«d •oMhe. 
toty accoant ^ h ta 4he p«Mie: but this 
modest practitioner himself nas reasons for 
wishing that no circumstantial partlenlars 
respecting it should yet get abroad. One of 
onr engravers of medab is engaged en bis 
own account upon a medal in hononr of Mm. 
His nndispnted meriu will certainly not fall 
to be duly acknowledged and encouraged. 

As in the short space of time that has 
elapsed siace this Ihstitution was set aafoot, 
abtNit fonr thousand patients have visited it 
with success ; — as the artificial waters have 
received, from continual improvements, a de- 
gree of perfection WMch, atcbrding to the 
most accurate analyses, none of the artificial 
mfneral waters pr^ared iir Eoglsnd' have 
yet attained ;— as m England itself nature has 
not presented, either at Cheltenham or at 
any other celebrated hot-wells or watering- 
places, such water as that of the two princi- 
pal springs at Cartsbad aad the two at Ma- 
rienbad, which ale reputed to be the most 
efficacious in Bohemia ;— I am indnced to be- 
lieve that an authehlicated accoant of so ex- 
traordinary a phendhienon o« the. Continent 
vrill be perosed with interest in year coontry. 
Not being myself a medical man, I shall not 
be suspected of partiality in this atatement, 
the truth of which will be attested by all 
Dresden, as weU as by your occasional Cor- 
respondent, Charles KihriocR, 
' Prtftmr<fATt)uim>logy,awi CUtf' Iiuptcttr 
ifthtRoyal Muttum if Antijtui, 



mals, by Dr: Boget ; those on tlie Scientifio 
Principles of Arithmetic (coasidered as a 
branch of Mathematici) aiad the Elemeats 
of Algebra, by Mr. WaHcer ; aa* those a* 
Music, by Dr. Crotch. 



JLtLtUMMB aoiairoas. 

BOTAI, IHSTITtmOII. 

Ites year's Prospectus of Lectures, be- 
ginning this day, at the Royal Institution, 
oflViTs nmcb of promise to Science. Those on 
Experlmeatal Chemistry, including the prin- 
cinl operations of Chemical Analysis, are 1^ 
Mr. Bronde ; those on the Improvementt 
and Discoveries that have uken place in 
Natural Philoraphy, and particulariy in the 
subjects of Optics and Magnetism, by Mr. Mil- 
lingtou; those on Comparative Physiology, 
commrisiag an Examination of 'the Stracture 
and Beenomy of the different classes of Ani- 



HIS LATE KAJBSTY's LWaAITT. 

This Library has been the Source oiF so many 
statements in the Journals, that we rejoice 
at being able to pot their doubts at rest. We 
mentloaed tastweek, that the Kta; bad not 
given it to the BritbhMnseam. The foct is, 
aad we speak from a copy of the letter, 
which we nave read. His Miyesty has writ- 
ten to Lord Liverpool, annonacing that he has 
presented this noble collection to the £ft(M 
Natha. The letter is brief, bat noUy and 
patriotically expressed in elegant langnaa*. 
It states the nnmber of books to Be 
190,4NM>! and His Majesty's reasons for thaa 
bestowing' (hem, as most agreeable to the 
memory of a Patter, who dnrlBg <a (oag a 
reign lived the model of every pnbKc aad 
private virtue. 

Of course (we presume) Lord I^ will com- 
municate this letter to Parliament, «nd it will 
decide on the proper disposition of the traly 
lUyal gift. The British Museum is most 
obviously ' suggested for Ms purpose, as a 
separate establishment would lead to a se- 
parate expense; and it Isnot much knows 
that the ereetlea of a new Boilding for this 
notienal repository of Jeaminc aad scieaee 
is oB'tbe eve of being begne. The plans con- 
sist of three sides of a quadrangle, behind the 
existing Museum ; as these are finished, its 
treasures will be gradually r e m oved , tHi the 
whole is done ; Ind then Montagu Honse 
will itwelf be pirtled down, aad the splendid 
quadrangle be completed. 

rora JMbiii.. 

RtMAKKAviB MRmoirinn. 

TtoE at n-u l i ei s ttf the professora aad kiv^ 
of the Fine Arts in thir'autropoii* ha* beea 
directed, daring a few week* past, towards 
three remarkable foreigners, M. Cleisse of 
Berne, M. RonsscI of LUIe^ and M. Debrqrat 
of I^rons, who have lately arrived amongst 
as. The firaC-meationed person has distw- 
guisbed himself as a teaser of gyaiaastie 
exercises, and is his own best example of 
their beneficial efibcts ia improving the health 
and increasing the stren^h aad beaa^ of 
Ihe human fignie. M. Roussel has been Mag 
kaffwe oa the C aat tn eat Im the appelhitiOB a€ 
•< VH*reul*d» Mm(v" ■*> Debrayat (altbongh 
more recently) by that of <' VHtremb du 
JIfidi ;" and both have exhibited themselves, 
and sat as models to artists of great reputa- 
tion abroad, and at varions continental aaa- 
demies of die Fine Arts, from which they 
have broacht very flattering testinsonials of 
their excellence, so far as rei^rds thebean^ 
and grandeur of their forms, and the spirit 
and genius with which they display them in 
attitndes, similar to those of the fiiwstof the 
ontiqae statoes vrimdi have descended to ns, 
and m others of a great and energetic cha- 
racter. 

In the story of Raosad there is samelUng 
highly iaterestiog. Like an inviaeible Paaera- 
tiastof ancient Gfeeee,wh»had finally retired, 
aasidst the plaadits of the spectators foosa ms- 
intetrnpted victories wUeh he bad gahied at 
Olympiaor Delphi, to Ms native country, he 
returned to his leaded vrith hononn, aad, 



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74 



THl LITKBARY GAZBTTBi AND 



OUZaZKAX VOZT&T. 

THB CAUBT. An Indian fifatoA. 



ivhat it- mere nteful to hiqiaelf, with wealth 
mffieieut to enable lilm to purebaie in ttie 
■eighbonrboad of liia native city a farm of 
many mn4k, which he carefully cnltivates. 
His strength Infinitely furpa»ei that which 
Jisoally falls to the lot of man, and no longer 
suffers the imagination to be astonished at 
the prodigies -ettributed to the hero whose 
name he takes. It Is reported of htm, that 
he ka* stood under a weight of 3090 lh<. 
Bopported by a board on his back i and has 
walked roend the Halle au bl^ at Paris, 
carrying on bis back two sacks of corn, and 
a man bearing another sack, makipg altoge- 
.Iber a iMd pearly equal to eleven hundred 
weight I 

M. Boassel having been led by cariosity 
and the fame of this conatry to make it a 
visit, has, with great complaisance and libe- 
rality, consented to exhibit the athletic 
powers and excellent proportions of his 
figure to our artists for their study and hn- 
provcment. For that purpose he appeared 
at the rooflis of Mr. Henry Kass, in Streatham 
Street, on Monday, last and the preceding 
Thursday, before his scholars and many other 
persons- who had assembled there, inoluding, 

. en the day first mentioned, several Members 
of the Boyal Aitademy of the Fine Aru. 

Although his figure is below the middle 
stature, being only five feet two inches In 
height, yet that defect, if it i« one, is imme- 
diately hirgotteo on a view of the grand and 
powerful expression of his muscles, and the 

. agility and suppleness of his movements 
He soecf saively placed himself in the attl' 
tndes ef the fighting and dying gladiators, of 
the Hercules Famese and other antiqoe sta- 
tues, a* well as in that of' the Atlas of Mi- 
chael Angelo; and then rapMly threw liim- 
aelf into nnmerous postures of his own in- 
Tcntion, representhig athlete* or warriors 
engaged in combat or expiring; and into 

' others ef an equally fine character, which 
excited the admiration of the judicious and 
enlightened assembly, and merited the ap- 
planse whieh was bestowed on him. 

As the room is snrmonded by plaster 
cast* of nuny antique statues, « fair oppor- 
tiraity was afforded to the company of eom- 
paring his form with that of several of thosp 

' so raruh celebrated ; and it is but justice to 
observe, that although he might in some in- 
stances appear inferior in that which has 
been ooraed ideal beaiity, yet be excelled in 
energy aad expression ; which natnrally led 
to this serians refleetion, that perliaps too 
mneh had already been sacriioed by the 
artists of modem Europe ta the slavish study 

' of that part of antique sculpture which had 
hitlierto held the first ranlc in the galleries of 
Italy. And indeed it is a truth which oreurs 
to every man nf observation who is coavcrr 
sant witli the Fine Arts, that the appearance 
nf the Elgin Marbles, and the statneef Venus 
found in the island of Mela, has made a revo* 
luiion uf opinion amongst us, and placed on a 
lower sr.ale those great works which have 
been consecrated by tkc admiration of ages, 
but many of which, however deserving of it, 
and however great may be their merit, are 
probably copies of Greek originals made in 
the Italian marble of Liiiil during the bril- 
liant period of Ae Fine Aru in Imperial 
Rome— that period wiUch extended from the 
time of theexdhctton of the Bepnblic to the 
' end of the reign of Hadrian. Tiie works of 
PhMiu show that there is a higher beauty of 
Meet fores than oeenr* in the scnlptnre here 
•Hiide^ 10 ; oMi of more breadth and gnu- 



dear ; founded most probably on the careful 
study of the finest forins of natnre exhibited 
by tlie yeong men during their exorcises in 
the gymnasia, and not on certain receipts or 
fashionable principles, drawn from works in 
reputation, as we may coigecture to have 
been the practice of the lower Q reek School 
in the Roman period, from the observation of 
Luciao, who introduces Mercury complaining 
that his statue at Athens was constantly 
blackened by the sculptors taking impressions 
from him in wax for tlie purpose of imitating 
his style and proportions, and also from the 
remark of Pliny on the statue called the 
Canon of Polyclitos. 8uch prejudices have 
existed, and perhaps unhappily so, in the 
minds of modern sculptors, whose utmost 
ambition seems to have been not to excel, 
but onl^ to approximate to the beauties of 
the antique style. Where such is the case, 
it is not to be expected that works of a high 
degree of original merit can be produced. 
But, if we are allowed to continnc this argu- 
ment, we should say that it is probable, if 
the prvstised sculptor of genius, considering 
only how tlie Greek artist of the period from 
Pericles to Alexander would hare corrected 
tlie defects of individual form, should take, 
for example, the head, chest, and arms of 
Debrayat (althongh perhaps it may be ob- 
jected that they are better snited to the cha- 
racter of a Jupiter,) apd the lower part of 
the trunk, the inferior extremities, and the 
rest of the figure of Ronsset, for models of a 
statne of Hercules, examining and studying 
the muscles, not in a state of fatigue or 
repose, but in their natural state of exertion, 
It is probable be might produce a work ca- 
pable of entering into competition with the 
labouVk of 'the best Greek school, and one 
perhaps possessing more sentiment and ex- 
pression. Nevertheless, it must be confessed, 
(hat however necessary the practice may be 
a* an elementary part of the artist's educa- 
tion, yet the copying of the living model, 
as set in Academies, f)-eqnently occasionn a 
Want of reflection, and introduces a bad 
habit in the student, as the forms of the 
figure are generally imperfect, and the mus' 
cles, during a great part of the time, in in 
correct action, and the whole quite devoid of 
the energy and expression snited to the atti- 
tude. Indeed it is very obvious that a ser- 
vile copy of nature, however proper it may 
be for the student, and a servile copy of the 
antique, are equally to be avoided by the 
finished artist. But where such fine models 
as those we have named do occur, the direc- 
tors of Acadeinies should not lose any oppoi-. 
tunities which nay pr^ent themselves of 
procuring them. The whole snl{iect, however, 
IS a very copious one, and perhaps bettersnit- 
ed to another occasion than to the present f 
and as we have already digressed too far 
from the olyect of this article, we will return 
to M. Ronssel, of whom we have only to add, 
that his feats of strfengih and activity are 
nnexampled, of which the following are an 
instance or two : — He sat on the ground With 
his feet extended, and by the mere strength 
and elasticity of bis mnscles, he sprang on 
his feet, holding at arm's length a half hnn. 
dred wei|ht in his right hand ; and again re- 
suming bis place on die ground, be bore two 
men in his arms, stretdic^ out, and without a 
rest, and sprang In like manner on Iris feet 
with that great load. Sec See. 

We are sorry to be informed, that M. Rons- 
sel proposes to remain only a few days lon- 
ger in town. 



The bannrn an Issklai;^ klimh. bnrrah ! 
The Mbref JVC cUihi;!^, hDrrah,harrsl)! 

Par the liar wept-anirave . 

or the conqaerin;; brave, 
Vnio voald net ru* to the Held ? Hnrrsh t 
O* to the haUle, hoi^kh, botnV! 
The war Ui«i)il»r'> rstile, humk, Mtsh ! . 

Tit the masic mot t dear 

To the warrior*! ear, 
Forileallitotlieeoinhht, hoMkh! ■'■ 
Hie death tORf ft ftincilnff, burrah, harrab! 
The death ihot* am rinilaK.h«rr*h,kaindil 

B) the meaket'e ni Mal,i 

B)r«he light or our ateel. 
We win aladd te o«r eoloanbr dle.horrab! I..E.IA 
Ntwmrdt (• Ih* dir ^t' Tk^€»l»pMI$ •rerewMf .* 

The ship rods o'er the watera gallantly. 

Her pennooa waving, hope and sntsrplrfae 

Filling her white sails with their eager hreatfc. 

The Aon lay dim bshhid. That long last look 

Given at paRmg to our own diar lakd-^ • 

Our land of infancy, and heme, and love— • 

Strained every eyeball now ; aiid aa the coast 

Diminished to one dim and distant Une, - 

How very tenderly each boaonl dung 

To all ita old aflectiona ! Frienda and home, 

How dear they arc when w« are parting fyom them*! 

And <* farewell" came in all its many tones' 

Of hope, and sorrow, and anxiety. 

Freshly upon the ear, as never felt 

Deeply and inriy till In that |aat glance !^ ' 

Oo, on the vessel went. "The waves grew red 
Beneath the crimson of the letting sun ; 
Then rolled in hilver light, when the' pAe modn 
Claimed her ao gentle empire o'er the kkyi 
Like the deep flush of anger calmed by mefek 
Enduring patltrAce. How mOst beautifat 
This radiant Meeting of the sky andises ! ' ' 

Above, the stars, like si^rits bi fheirpride 
Wandering lii music round their lovely queenj '* 
Too glorious for Idolatry, Beneath, 
The ocean, like s mighty mirrbr, spread 
In Its immensity of ctnerald beauty- 
Then all around so calm, so pasaiooless, 
The silence, and the ttillneis, and the llj^t 
Unbroken by a shadow, — how the heart 
Must feel Its finer impulses slive 
At such an hour aa this I — Dpoa the deck ' 
Of that tall sliip, the only thing whose image 
Was stamped in darkness on the moon-lit waves^ 
Two Youths were leaning: one with the fair hair 
And blue eyes, with that falcon glanco which mark'd 
The graceful Saton, wh^n with his good dword 
He aought a home and heritage ; the other. 
Like a young Roman, with hb raven curls 
And dark and flasliing eyes. Like two spring pin^s 
The youthful Soldiers stood there, ^e by side 
They stood, and ulked of <U those buoyant dr^jras 
Which colour life but once>-tlu»s morning Ughts 
That ahins so cloudleasly and pass so soon I 
Hope's wateis yet were fresh with them; the cares. 
The earthly cares, that stain each nobler aim, 
And withering sorrows, falsehood, di(f:Qnt(got, 
Had not as yet profaned thy sweetest fountain, ' 
Delicious Hope !. And there they ieant, snd fpoka 
Of battls, gbrious battle, till each ear 
Rang with the trumpet's music, and esch eye 
Flaabad at the thought pf ita first field.— 
Then gentlsr feelinga guahed upon their kesn. 
Fireside remembraiKcs and kmd affisctions : 
They dwelt on the last evening they had past 
Witbin their sweet home-circU, aad recalled . 
How each one prest more closely than their wopt 
Around the hearth, all conscious tbat to-morrow. 
A Yscsnt place would b« in tbat street rvig i . 
Hev each aSectioBste lip hsd. prophesied t- , 
Fortune and fame.; and hoir in gliateiiing eyes 
Hope had looked op but inthe anidst ef teen 
And then, as if oaeh felt there waa a tie 
Of stronger unity in these r tcaHln ga, 



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mmmsmmssmammmmsm ^-^ — 

E>di tl)« Bwrc luiHlljr gniped the «ther'i hfnd, 
Ai4 wid xfiia— 4h«x'4 live or die togetlier. « < • 
• • Ycusoim |iMi'4 by i tbeie yowtbt we io theif 



JOUftflAVOP THR.BBLliJW JiBRTWIR 



Cich check i* dtrkeaed bf w tndiin ikjr i 

SoM of bope't hues bare faded like their colour, 

Their idaad e«lour, but eoow repiaio 

To wuk* Ut$'» laodicape atill moit promiihig. 

Dineee,«h« biani, the ball, alik^ have spared them, 

Son they btve fouiht together. Many time* 

Hare Enisliah ftiendi bees proud to hear theif name. 

h ie M ladka aic bt i a atarlei* aky 
FleaM with «Manli(ht--dafk aod giant pabns 
nag their iMg abedom o'er the «aure nvei'— 
lb* air ie heary mhh peifume— the dew, 
Ue Io*s'a power over wnmao, ealliiig forth 
Tlie eonl a((wec«n«*, on the aambel Ilea, 
TiBcfwy «ar)et beiry yielda ks incanaei 
The pde naagaiia, mth ita. lowers of light, 
n» cennaiata,ciinaoii aa a Umh, 
AB,aa yield tb«r (met oflcriogi to the mooB i>- 
Bet war ia in theae gmiree, and the whit* teata. 
Where dweH the ehildra* of the awoid, 
Are piMfacd amid the yellow jeaamfaMa. 
hafa daabcd into the gfonad, the earth lorn wp 
Aad eal^wMW ( petebea of a blood-red hue, 
Aad, wont of eM, the geaiied and ghaatly alaio. 
And the Cit aound* of tigera, who can aeent [gleam, 
Their prty, yet ecaaed by the red wateh-fire'a 
Hewl in tho diatant junglee. They are hen. 
These bfeaher SoMieie : eadi, arnqil in hie doilc, 
Bat by tb« rKer; Aey were taliuag o'er 
Combata when each had been the other's shield, 
Marchea wtiose westineas had been beguiled 
By faWBrehanse of hopes; yet 'mid the pride 
Wkh whkh they weited for u>*monow'a battle. 
Mingled a shade of deeper tenderness^ 
And each one charged the other with khid words, 
Greetings of long remembrance, to old friends, 
If ody one sbonld falL Hark, hark I 4 rush 
Of hurrying feet i* heard amid the weodsr- 
A ringing peal of musketry, red tightt 
yiadiing Bice meteors, clsoging swords and shout*, 
Deep geoeas, are on the wiud— the enemy [spring, 
Ha* nnhed down from the mountains ! Up ttiey 
Tboee firiends,and each ia *t hi* post. Daik night, 
Ob terrible is thy shadow on the battle ! 
Blow* dealt alike on friend and fot, the dead 
And dying trampled 00 — oh, day alone 
Should kiok upon the soldier'* deeds ! At length 
The lun rose o'er his palm and diamond land ; 
His first fight shone on blood— the morning's lean 
Fdl over pucbiqg lips and weary brow*, [wretch 
Abd quenched the death-thirst of full many a 
Already blackening in last agony. 
Bat they are safe, those wir-sun of the Sold, 
Tl>c English warrior* : one des|>erate rush, 
Aod aU pre*, way before them. See ! they turn 
Their roereant enemies : the daric-eyed youth, 
Waring the calouis, gallantly springs forth { 
But death i* on his murse ! that graceful arm 
ll smitten in its strength. H; fell, but stretched 
With bia laat grani the banner to his fnend. 
Who caught the flag, rushed fi>rward a* revenge 
Were now hi* only hope. Why fall those colouts ? 
Tbcir pliant bearer never flagged before : 
Bnt til* hath marked him, top: they fell together ! 



FRteiiD^Hir. 
Just like friendsliip is yon bubble 

Floating down the limpid stream, 
Not a breath i)S (ouree 10 trouble, 

Glitc'ring in the noontide beam, 
9»it abould a ckud o'eiabade the aky. 

This little eaeieor of an hour 
We«U ri«ii|lt, (pd with wnabio* die^~ 

It oouid *at b*H ^ tempMt'i low'c - . 



. aso»abA#xv. 

Dr, CraHus HtnToN, the eminent Ma- 
thematician, and antlior ofmany distingqlsbed 
work*, died on Monclay last at bis house in 
Bcdfordtrow. He was a member of several 
scientific bodies, at home and abroad ; and 
during a Ions life (many years of which he 
was Professor of Mathematics in the Royal 
Military Academy at Woolwich,) contributed 
largely^ to the public good by the applica- 
tion of hit acquirement!! and knowledge to 
works of practical utility. Dr. Huttob 
was a native of Newcastle upon Tyne, where 
be was born in 1737. At an early age he 
opened a school in the place of his birth ; 
and in 1764 pnblished bis first volume, 
" A Practical Treatise on Arithmetic and 
Book-keeping." To this a Key for tbe Use 
of Tutors was itflerwards added i and in 
1708 appeared his qnartn Treatise on Men- 
snration, which led to hjs election to the 
Royal Society, and his appointment at Wool- 
wich, which he held till }807, and tlien re- 
tired on account of ill health, with a liberal 
and well-merited pension from Government, 
and ajustenlogy from tbe Board of Ordnance, 
the department best acquainted with bi* ser- 
vices. 

Dr. RtrrroN was for a period Foreign Se- 
cretaiy to the Royal Society ; bat when Sir 
Joseph Banks succeeded to Sir John Piingle 
in its presidency, a misnnderstanding arose, 
aod the Doctor' was deprived of hi* office. 
This caused a great schism, but in the end 
left Sir Joseph lord of the Ascendant, which 
station be maintained to the end of his life, 
being rather, it was thought by many, the 
Maiter than tbe fmident ot that learned In- 
stitution. 

Beside* the' work* already mentioned, 
Dr. Hirrroif pnblisbed Tbe Principle* of 
Bridge*, 8vo. 177i ; Tbe Diarian Miscellany, 
S vols. 19mo i a Selection of usefnl and en- 
tertaining Parts from tbe Ladies' Diary, of 
which he was for a long time editor ; Ele- 
ments of tbe Conic Sections, 8vo. 1777; 
Tables of the Products and Powers of Num- 
bers, folio, 1781 ; Mathematical Tables QLo- 
garitbms,)l78t— five editions to 1811 ; Tables 
of Interest, 8vo. 1786 ; Tracts, Mathematical 
and Philosophical, 4t». same year; Com- 
penilious Measurer, 13mo. id, ; Mathematical 
and Pliilosophical Dictionary, 2 vols. 4to, 
1706; and many other Treatises on Matlic- 
matios. Projectiles, and Philosophy, trans- 
lations IromDespian, Ozanam, and Iklontucal ; 
and (in conjunction with Ors. Sliaw and 
Pearson) an Abridgment of tlie Philosophi- 
cal Transactions, to which he was a valuable 
contributor, in 16 vol*. 4to. 

Dr. HuTTON was exceedingly cheerful io 
bi* conver*alion and manner, and deliberate 
in expressing himself. His voire was agree- 
ably clear and firm, with a slight northern 
accent. 

To a kind Correspondent, who long knew 
this valuable man, we are indebted for the 
following characteristic traits, in a minute of 
what passed at a late iutervicw with liim. 
The markings of a mind accustomed to com- 
monicale its feelings with a sort of mathemati- 
cal precLiign, render the picture interesting: 

" la the spring of the year 1838 (our f.'iend 
writes) I called upon Or. Hutton at his 
honso in Bedford-row. After tbe Doctor's 
nanal kind reception, I told him my olyaet in 
the visit was twofold, — after the pleasure of 
paying ny respects, to take Ike opportnaity 
pfraviaatiag Ua aisUtanw ia procariag oillier 



I a aatbamattcal niaster, or *cl|ool, 
friend to devota his time exclosi 
branrh of study, preparatory to 
tbe Royal Mil{ury Academy ^t VI 
a cadet. 

"I prefaced by saying, tbe U4 
of a decea*eil Royal Engineer Ol 
was pa behalf of the widow tha 
tbo Doctor's rceomineodation. 
(was the reply,) I know a good 
thematical tcboob, and more 
cal master*; befura I ipecify 
me wiiat yon tiiink tbe widow cs 
pay, that expenw may regulate 
cboioe.' I replica, I could not > 
qne*tion withont re&rence to 1 

* Well, Sir, perhap* then the lAa 
il, (for you will Kavt my tav to mala 1 
Md duubUiMthtuidott viu "giun ka 
makt back U mi,) t» tend lit ladg I 
when it can at unce be despai 
will leave n> now, Mr. ■••— , tb 
opportunity of talking upon son 
teresting lubjecU.' 

" Ader a short pause, and loo 
centre of tha room, I observed to 
' Yon have there. Sir, a very fine a 
ing portrait of Sir Isaac Newton ; 
lately coma into your possessic 
Sir, It is a very fine, and a* yon sf 
lag portrait of that illastrion* ind 
Isaac Newton, and it bas lately bt 
That picture. Sir, wa* the last tb 
Isaac sat to any painter ; it wa* 

• >•••, aod ia tho very li 
Sir Isaac's life — he was then in 
fillh yvar: Tbe pictnre wu execi 
grandfather of tho present Earl 
When tbe late Earl Stanliope c 
years since, ha kindly remembert 
1a(t will, nd bequeathed me tb 
which I greatly vatae. It wa* alw 
a fine aind good likeness of Ne 
pleasing rascmblanca it i«.' A 
word* more, I ob*«rved the D< 
were directat) (and fs I tbong) 
with a wish ol attracting mint 
priat banging by tbe fire-place, 1 
Mr. Chariea Button, from Co* 
known and admired picture of 
man, dre**«d in black, with a thr 
bat upon lii* bead, anil an ear-tn 
right hand. Ltddng vmaudrnMy al 

Utetm- tad, ' PottbUea, Mr. , 

pielHnfrom tthich that jtrimt wet t«h^ 
by Mr, Caneay. Charles Hutton 
man of very considerable abilitic 
relation of miue ; and yon shall 
^nost flatteriag to myself- Cha. 
inotlier,Sir, aod my mother wera 
bia grandmother and tbe mother 
Newtoa were also sisters. 4ip 
(pointing to tlic print, find le< 
pictiin: of Newtoa,) thraugh that 1 
tty'tamitetadmlk thfi giMi «»d <itr 
ton hAmo effigy m ors caiUtmflatingJ 
caraestaes* with whiob tbe i^atl 
uttereil, and tha complaconcyji 
nance, atroagly markod tb« Oi 
and inward *ausfa«tion. 

" Referring to thn picture*, I ij 
Sir, you will leave ip tbe worji 
memorial o^'yoarsalf, which oor t 
admire with as much fratificJ 
not knew. Sir, if I ever shall p{ 
this way ai'ter I an dead ; but ) 
what Oabagan kv doac (hr m* 
a k*H on a oeraMr tabl«. mi 
'There, Sir, is a best of ma bf. 
my friend* tell me tfeal it i> 1 



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•96 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



thiit it is too grave for iiic, though gratity is 
■ part of my character. For the likeness and 
expression I cannot myself be the judge ; but 
1 ean imichfor tht ttemracii,for I hall mtanreid it 
in fi'fry jitnnt with the euUipert.' 

"Upon my taking leave, the Doctor in- 
sisted he would accompany me to the door in 
the street of Bedford-row. I remarked to 
him the place was broad, light, and very 
airy. He stepped two or three paces on, and 
pointing to the end of the street, said, ' Yes, 
it is a very agreeable place to walk in. From 
the chair in my study to that post at the 
corner is just/orly yards; and from that post 
to the post at the other end of the Row is 
exactly the eighth part of a mile : so that 
when I come out to take my walk, I can walk 
my tighlh part of a mile, the ipiarter of a mile, 
halfot' a mile, or my mile, as I choose. When 
I return to my scat, / knoK' trhat eierciie I have 
taken. I am in my eightv-sixth year, and, 
thank God, have my health in a remarkable 
way at such an age. I have very few pains, 
but am a little deaf.' " 

Dr. Jenntr. — ^The Gloucester Paper states 
the death of Dr. Jenner in his 74tli year, last 
Sunday, at Berkeley. It is his sntlicicnt 
eiilogiiim to say, that to him the human race 
owes the practice of Vaccination. 

We have also to announce the death, at a 
very advanced age, of Mr. Angerstcin, well 
known to the Arts for his select Gallery of 
the old Masters. 



TBZ BSkAMA. 

King's Theatre. — Tancredi. — As the Town 
fills, it is to be hoped that the Italian Opera 
will resume its attractions. Tlie ballet is 
already well executed^ and we all know that 
the ballet 'iTY main enitiiife iti London for 



deep, and, when not overstrained, sufficiently 
well modulated ; unfortunately it broke down 
in Richard, and while the low-toned dialogues 
were inaudible, the higher-pitched efforts 
broke into most discordant notes. Perhaps 
cold or over-exertion produced this effect ; 
and indeed it was distressing to see the pain- 
ful efforts which the performer was obliged 
to make in order to avoid it, — efforts which 
must have deteriorated his exemtion of what 
he conceived in the character. But even dis- 
tinct from these drawbacks, Mr. B. has much 
to amend before he can assume the first tragic 
line in London. His action is far too redun- 
dant ; and a flourishing Crookbark is in- 
tolerable. However the taste for the Drama 
may have degenerated with regard to new- 
Play.'!, there is a sort of fixed standard by which 
those of Shakespeare arc measured, and the 
merely theatrical representation of his lead- 
ing personages is a certain failure. Genius 
and Nature must be brought into the com- 
position, and of these we observed less in 
Mr. B. than of those attitudes, habits, and 
traditions of the buskin whichliave descended 
with Stage heroes from generation to genera- 
lion. To sum up all, our opinion is that this 
debutant may laudably fill a second place, 
but is not yet ripe as a first-rate actor. His 
best scene was with Lady Ann, when he tells 
lieruf his hatred. 

A'igtf, or the Croim Jerceli, a Play compounded 
from the Novel uf Nigel, was performed for 
the first time on Tuesday. We are a little 
at a loss how to criticise it, by reason of an 
uncommon sort of appeal to the public from 
the thing itself to the intentions of the author. 
Were we only called on to exercise our 
wonted function, and tell what we thought of 
Kiget as we saw it represented, we should 
havi^ d6 heiMy labour of mind ; but as it is 
stated to be a restoration of the ancient 
Drama in all its pristine richness and vigour 
to the Stage, the decision is of weightier im 



! periormeft 
ust be saMLJ 
needing pa>*H 
gh lie missed^ 



working crowds into the Pit. On Saturday, 

in Tancredi, a Madame Borgondio took the 

principal part, in our opinion without the _ 

necessary qualifications for a Prima Donna. I port, and demands another verdict. Insofar 

This lady is no longer young, and her powers I as this pretension Is set up, we are bound in 

do not enable her to reach the higher scale, | truth 1o say that it is not sustained. The old 



nor to finish the finer conceptions with that 
exquisite skill expected from this school. A 
Signor Rcina also made his debilt ; he is a 
tenor not unpleasing. De Begnis, recovered 
from her indisposition, was, under these cir- 
cumstances, the prop of the Opera. 

Drury Lane.— The novelties here were 
Liston's first appearance, on Tuesday, as 
Tony Lumpkin, and Mrs. West's supercession 
of the late Imogen, on Wednesday. The 
former was received with loud applause ; and 
the Utter far excelled her predecessor. Of 
Cymheline, we ought injustice to say, that a 
Mr. Yonge (we believe) performs an inferior 
part with a degree of judgment which merits 
a distinct notice. 

CovENT Garoen. — On Monday, Mr. Ben- 
nett, from the Bath Theatre, entered upon the 
ardnons field of dramatic competition in the 
Capital, by appearing as Richard in. His 
attempt displayed considerable talent ; but 
in respect to the Richards whom the Stage 
already possesses,- there was nothing to en- 
courage his views npon the walk of tragedy 
which they occupy. " What, is the king 
dead?" might fairly be asked of him who 
thus offered for the succession. In person 
Mr. Beimett is well formed and of an athletic 
cast ; his countenance is what may be called 
ordinary-good, not incapable of expression, 
but, as far as we witnessed in this part, not 
moulded to pourtray the subtler workings of 



Drama is of so very diff"erent a calibre, that 
in estimation with it Sigel could only be de- 
clared a great dure But we will drop this 
invited comparison, so detrimental to the 
modern Play, and speak of it as it is — a 
showy, well acted, and tolerably interesting 
piece, though in parts rather languid, and 
generally unimpressive. In forsaking the 
Novel, the author has what is called adapted 
the changes for scenic effect. Dalgarno, tor 
instance, is made the admirer of Margaret 
and half- accidental murderer of Trapbois ; 
Skourlie the scrivener is raised into impor- 
tance, and also a lover of Margaret's ; Chris- 
tie is transformed into a barber (not Snddle- 
chops, but one Strappet ;) the braggard 
Heppcrcole is Bahadilizetl into being w orsc than 
"planet-struck;" with -other considerable 
alterations in character and incident. 

These diversities, if they improve the For- 
tunes of Nigel for representation, do not 
contribute to the probability of the story, or 
its improvement as a moral lesson- Dalgarro 
being made a murderer and escaping with 
impunity, at once lowers the nobleman and 
sanctions the felon ; though his scenes with 
Skourlie are among the most striking in the 
play. The bastinadoing of his liectoring ac- 
complice by the delicate Margaret, is too 
much : the veriest coward that ever acted 
the swaggering bully would not have sub- 
mitted to the liurscnhip of a mere girl. 



Sir Giles Overreach, and produces better 

effects ; but we have not room for farther 

minute details. Except itt certain alluiions 

to old husbands, tlic dialogue is praiseworthy ; 

and the scenery and costumes beautiful and 

appropriate. Yet in the latter we are at a loss 

to tell why the youthful Dalgarno alone 

should be bearded, while the ancient ruffian, 

miser, jeweller, scrivener. Ice. are shaven 

into modern fashion. Of the performers 

every thing commendable mu 

Bartlcy in King James took exceed 

with a difficult dialect, and thnugli 

the correct Doric of the North, he made His 

Majesty sufficiently Scotch for a London an- 

dienee. In other respects he acted the part 

well. Kemble's Dalgarno was full of spirit, 

and he looked the character to admiration ; 

Abbott's Nigel was as good as the part could 

be, and Egerton made Herriot a capital stage 

picture. The more deeply lined characters 

of Skourlie and Trapbois in the hands of Fu 

rcn and Blanchard, were pourtrayed with iT 

utmost skill and force ; and the Bravo ai 

Duke of Alsatia were capitally enacted I 

Farley and Taylor. The females were al 

finely cast : — Miss Lacy gave great interi 

to Martha Trapbois, and. In the murder scei 

especially, displayed a pathos which m 

powerfully atiecling. Mrs. Chatterley i 

the other band was all life and comedy 

Bridget Strappet ; and Miss Foote was pn 

tily epicene in Margaret. Tlie whole a 

well received, and the slight op|>ositioa 

particular passages on the first night, k 

been (we hear) evaded by their omission. ( 

a show of the manners of elder times, i 

think Nigel will be very acceptable for a | 

riod ; but it is hardly calculated to be so venr 

popular as to have what the players call a 

grearToti. • — - — 

Oratorio. — On Thursday, the prelnd 
the Oratorio season was listened to at D 
Lane by an auditory literally cram 
together, from the bottom of the TheatrO: 
the top. The performances, under the 
rection of Mr. Bochsa, were excellent, tb< 
our readers are aware that Thursday 
too near Saturday to allow us to enter 
details. We can merely enumerate : — Fil 
Selections from the Messiah, in which Bral 
gloriously filled " the sounding chair,' 
Mrs. Salmon bore him worthy coippi 
while Vestris, M. Tree,Goodall,Terrail, _ 
distinguished themselves at no disgracefnl 
distance. Cyrus in Babylon (Rossini's) is not 
so entirely sacred as to follow Handel iri|k 
similar praise ; yet the chorusses gener^| 
are very fine, and there are many passa^R 
of infinite beauty. The chorus, " Rely not," 
struck us as peculiarly impressive. The Third 
Act was miscellaneous, and in it, as weP ~ 
between the others, there were the foBo' 
deliglitlul musical treats : ^rio, Vedrai, 
no (from Don Giovanni,) by Camporese 
wonderful Concerto on the Violoncello, 
Lindley; Concerto on the Violin, by M 
Air from the Creation, " In native woi 
by Sapio ; Aria " La Biondina," by Bi 
sung by Mrs. Salmon, who appeared 
taken ill while finishing this piece in an 
qnisitc style ; and Cantata " See ftom 
-silent grove Alexis flies," Braham accoi 
nied by Lindley. At the conclusion (the 
whole being protracted till too late an honij 
a tumultuous uproar took place on 
Forde's singing " Lot the bright sera 
and the grand chorus from the Reilempli 
Hosannah to the Son of David." IJpoa 



n howij 

aph9 
mpIlM 



passion. His voice is uooe of the best, though I Skourlie teems to be drawn on the model of 1 this we shall only observe, that it waa i 



L 



Digitized by 



Cjoogle 



JOURNAL OF TtfB BELLES LBTTRES. 



77 



«i 



Mited to the spirit of tlie ereDing's eiqoy- 
■eat*, mad a very ibamcful accompaDimeDt 
to the holy tbeaies with which they were 

Mr. Patnam't Beadion and RecitatioM 
gnea onTbaTtday week for the first time this 
MisoD, at the Argyle Roams, attracted a 
■ aw fm a s aaaemblage of elepirit company. 
He was mtt warmly cheered throaghom, 
aad the evening's entertainments were an- 
ao m Mcd for repetition amidst *ery warm 
peals of appUuae. 



VOZATXOBa 
Tbk report! of Coanty Meetings at hoMC, 
to set Parliamentary Betbrm on die bark of 
Agriealtnral Distress ; and the ronwors of 
war between France and Spain abroad — 
caaateaanc«4 by the warlike tone of the 
FnnchUag's Speech on opening the Sittings 
of the Chaw>en ; liave filled the Newspapers 
this week. 



FmeUo. — The character of Fenella (aay* a 
CorrespeBdent) in Feveril of tlM Peak, has 
been considered as too highly, wrought for 
aatare ; Iml it falls far short of the true dia- 
racter which appears to have sat for the por- 
trait — the celebrated Cairatoo. Her self- 
fommand was so great, that no praises of 
her b e antjiy«hreatened punishment for de- 
l aUs i l iaqtottnre, or successful duplicity of 
those aboot her, conid ever excite an expres- 
sion that tor a moment betrayed her. Before 
sheWca— a PriiKca, the bad been an in- 
mate of tbe Devon Bridewell ; and some of 
her astoniabiag feats of agility, aMress, and 
caaaite, rawimbmiid thece, iar exceed those 
iaspated to Feoelh. * 

Uftmim. —II. flawlstn, aTJCbristiana, 
has made some remarkable discoVeriet with 
mtpect to the magnetism of thfUMbe, by 
SMaaa of a small osdMating' iniitrmaeat, 
consisting of a- magnetic steel cylinder, 
sanended bv a verv fine silken tiiread, 
aaa enijMed in a gbu* globe. . Tbe prio- 
cf|ml of these discoveries is, that the in- 
teasi^ of the Earth's magnetism is subject 
to daily variation ; that it decreases from the 
early boors of the morning until about ten or 
eleven o'clock, which is the period of its 
mimmitm ; that it then increases until about 
four in the afternoon, and during summer 
until six or seven in the evening ; that it again 
decreases during the night ; and returns to 
its majmam aboat three o'clock in the morning. 
Motk Stmt. — The phenomena of three mock 
sans were seen on Saturday in Ayrshire, 
Scotland. A semicircular halo attended each 
of them ; while tbe real son was antireljr tar- 
rounded by a similar splendour. 

Bmemutk Pdatii^.— {The Marquis Ridolfi, 
a leaned diensist at Florenca, having ana- 
lyzed the composition of a picture on slate, 
sepresenting Cleopatra at tlie moment when 
she is stoug by the asp, fancied that he re- 
«;agiiited in it a precious monument of art, 
execnted bofare tbe decline of painting. He 
evaa iaaagined that it was the work of Tymo- 
■achM, a scholar of Apelles, of whom Plu- 
tarch speaks.- Zoodoni, a welUknown anti- 
onaiy of Florence, is however of a totally 
merest opinion, and assigns to die picture 
a very modem date. The picture is now in 
Paris, vrliere Ae question, which has divided 
Ike Uafius, will ■»dotibt1ieireedily decided. 



Proip eCTDS tf» new WuUy LUemy PuUitatitn 
^ to bt entitled, 

THE KBFUCB FOR THE DGSTITTm. 

The idea of this Work has been suggested to 
the Editors of the LUmrart Gatetie, to wbicb it 
b intended to form a sort of runnius acoomtm- 
niment, . bv the estraaidinary quantity of oad 
bstays, tMd poetry, bad crldebms, bad stories, 
bad anecdotes, and bad correnioudence of eveiy 
kind, iu prose aud verse^ wliich it is tlieir hap 
to receive, and, to the disappointment of (Ik 
ivrilOT, tlieir pidnfiil task to reject. Some of 
these, it is true, thev hare afterwards the conso- 
lation to oluerve enshrined in the pufea of otbrr 
leas &stidiaus or more humane periodicals ; and 
it warms t|ie oodcles of their inmost hearts to 
see perseverance thus rewarded by taste, and tbe 
genius of duiiiess thus patronized by a sympa- 
ihetk Press. But still the remedy is unequal to 
the disease ; and tbe superabundaiice of the raw 
luaterial requires other channels of vent aud dif- 
fusion. Founded therefore on prindples of eX' 
pedieiicy. Justice, and hiunanity, 

THE RBFVCE FOR THE (UTERART) DEtTmnTB 

Starts, a new candidate n>r public applause, with 
no apprehensions of imitation, and little cUs' 
tiubra by a dread of rivals already in tbe field. 
' It will consist of sixleeu paxes, beautifully 
printed on tbe finest ybobcap. 'Ihe Reviews of 
uew works may be depended upon as being lene- 
rally written by llunc best acquainted with the 
subjects — namely, b^ the autfiors of the works 
themselves. Tm: original Paoers will be In re- 
ality orixinal; and the editors boldly assert, that 
110 sheet ever yet produced has contained so 
much to exercise tbe ingenuity of readers as the 
JU/uge/or the DeilUMt shall regularly exhibit. 
Tlie most trite, trivial, and commou-pUce topics, 
win be fully aad appropriately dk:ussed. In the 
poetkal department the utmost variety will be 
apparent ; and new measures, new rhymes, new 
senses. &e. &c will be introduced, to enrich 
^^nglish, versification and the EDglii|i language. 
As the genenlity of artist* are as eminent and 
able wiln the pen as with the pencil, we can pro- 
ndse much of their writjng ; and as a number 
of units constitute a mkss, artkrlaa iodiffierent to 
all tlie w«rk|- but t«-thtf JudWiduals who fnmUh 
them, sHall be gratefully and conspicuously in 



The Ettriek Shepherd bu a new romoM in 
Ijne'i praM, eatitled Tlie rerila of Wepiaa. 

Sir WUtkua Gell'i Toar thronsli the Nona, aad . 
Mrs. Stothud'i Memoin of her Hte Hubond, C. A. 
Btotksrd, F.8.A. will sppur in afmr don. 

The Annonl Bio(Taph< ml OMtaar; tn MM, wUdl 
has been delayed by tbe iodiipudtioa <t tbe cdttM.tHll 
be publiibed earljr In tbe preieat aianth. 

A new edition of "Bod; aad Seal" will appear in a 
few dayi. 

In the eonne of Febraarj will appear, " Aeoonat of 
an Expedition tVom Pittiborfh totbeRoefcyMeantaiiu, 
perfDmied in the Yean I8I0-W; eoapifed li««i the 
notes of Major Look, Mr.T. 8a«, and other fentlemea 
of the part; : by Bdwin lane*. Botanist and gealagiat 
to tbe Exnedilioa." 

JoHrnoi tttM Sav*ns. — Nov. 1842: MM. Jourdan, de 
CruRy,et Isambrrt. Kcoueil general des ancienties loit 
dr France, depuii l'3n4-2Ujaiqu'a In revolution de 17119, 
reviewed b; n1. Daunou; Garcin deTai^y, Exposition 
de la foi musaltnane, avec notes, by M. Chezy ; Sir 
Geo. Staunton, Miscellaneous notices relating to China, 
by M. Abel-Hdmusat; F.xtrait d'un Menioire de M Jo- 
laard, stir un Etalon mil'lrique ome d'hierogWpbes, de- 
couverl dans les ruiiies de Memphis par M, le chev. 
Droveiti \ Cailliaud, Texte resiituc et traduction de 
deux decrrts roiuains, dccouverls dans la graode Oasis, 
by M. Letronne; Uurckbardt, Voyages en Syrie et en 
Terre-Sainte, [iA an.) by M, l^tronne ; Nonvellas 
lilteraircs. — Dec. 1832: A. Hugo, Romances histo' 
riques, traduiles de I'Kspagnol, by M. Rayliouarit ; J. 
BrinI, Iterueil des Historiens, &c. by M. Uaunou ; 
J. Von Hammer, Constantino]-ile and the Bosphorus, by 
M. Silveslre de Sacy ; J. B. Oeperthes, Histoirc de 
I'art du paysat;e, by M. t^uatrein^re deQuincy; Gosse- 
lin, Observations sur la Condce cgyplieune, by M. Kay- 
nooard ; (Eavies de Kotros. 

LIST or woBxa roBLURSD smca oon last i 
Tbe English Master, or Student's Ottidc to Rc«soBia( 
and Composition, See. by William Banks, Rro. 10s. ttd^— 
Advice to Young Mothers on the tiitsical Edacalioa at 
Children, by a Oraodniotber, Itmo. Tt. IU.— The Magic 
Lantern, or Sketches of Scenes In the Metropolis, 

2d edit, ioolscap 8ro. Ac tiketehe* and FrameaU, 

by tbe Author of the Mafic l^autera, M edit feolseaf 
8ro. 8s.— A Brief, HtrmoBlsed and niaphrastic Kxao- 
sition of tbe Ootpel, by tbe Rev. Geo. Wilkini, KM. 
Svo. 9t.— Debrett'f New Peerage IU3. 1 vols. Ms.— 
EIHs's Lilb of Dr. J. Baraaa,*nBO. «#.— 'Huiauan's 
Scottish Melodlei, vols. 3 h 4, royal 8vo. Ml.— Lock- 
kart'a Spanish Bsilads, 4ta. 18s.— Croahf's BaUdaa's 
Price Book, for 1813. 8vo. ds.— Methodical Cyelnpedia, 
▼•I. 1 (Monapbj.) Itao. Its. IW.— BeekmanH laren- 
UoBi abridiced, t viM. Itoo. Us.— <WiHiams> (Helen 
Maria) T»tm,-^f^ ISs.— Swnaa|0. FtnzioaL a new 
edit. S vala. Eva. SU.— Rules of fte IntolTCBf Debtors* 



and other gratifying varieties, will be feithiiilly 
and fitly pmervei to their owners. In this, as iu 
every otnor respect, our motto shall be 
^oflM Jam, hmnuuU tuMl it me lUieiuim $uilo i 
that b to say, t»e are men, altlioufih editors, and 
MTon't distress any body by refusing to publish 
what cruel persons might consider to be ^utisti- 
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'llie fiieuds of evei^ oaa, it is obvious that an 
immense midority of living writers will patronise 
thh Publkauion : we look for no subscribers out 
of (be dass tu whose labours we consecrate it. 
Let but the offerers and contributors of stuff to 
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the must popular of our conteniporaries. Our 
plan is, however, to print only 20,000 copies at 
first ; so that early orders are necessary to pn>- 
vfcle agiUnst disappointments. 

To prevent couutrrfeits assuming our external 
appearance, nearly copying our title, and perhuis 
esublishing shops iu our vicinity to catch the 
unwary, the first page of the Rrfiite for the 
Oettilute will be adorned wHIi a h%hly finished 
engraving of a Cap and Bells, so admirably exe- 
cuted, ou a patent recently granted, that the bells 
shall rhig all, tbe while tbe paper is read. Changes 
of agieiwile tunes are provided, and grave or 
gay editions may be bespoke. 

Letters addinsed to A. Diphthong ft Co. 
No. 3811, Strand, will, if post pud, be attended 
to; and every Clerk of the .Road, respectable 
Homboy, Niiwsvender,. Bookseller, Publisher, 
&c. &c will begin a new course by supplying a 
mrooi voR mi DnrrroTR. 



Penal Jarispradenea, Bra. tie.— Bhigley's TraveU In 
Asia, new ediUoa, Uaw. Ts^-Etories Aria Ronaa His- 
tory, ISmo. 6<. 



0»0&OaZOAIi T. 



'JANUARY. 

Thursday... 
Friday..... 
Saturday... 
Sunday .... 
Monday.... 
Tutisday . . . 
Wednesday 23 



7%erm»mtt»r. 
from IS to S4 
from SS to *» 
from S5 to M 
from 4 to 11 



from 84 to U 
fh>ffl20 toS8 



£anm*Ur. 

S94»to«>'U 
89-MtoM->l 
89-41 to 9»-4» 



from 4toS9 90't6to8»-M 



wrstoSM* 

89-8StoM-98. 



A northerly wind prevailing, wcatlirr i4oudy. 

Thursday ... IS from SI to M 89-71 to SO-79 

Friday. .....84 from M to 88 89-61 to ^-78 

Saturday. . . .S» .from 81 to 87 89-74 to 89-S9 

Sunday 8« from 80 to M 80-tt to 89-M 

Mobday ... .87 from 88 to 34 89-69 to 89-48 
Tuesday ....28 from M to4l 89-41 to 89-4« 
Wednesday. .89 /rom 41 to 48 8909 to 89-10 

The cfaMge of wind tu SE. on the a7th, and to 
SW. on tbe 2etb, occestoned a gradual thaw. 
Rain fiUlen ,S of an inch. 

Fd m m loa. JoHN ADAMS. 



.fffeenls's subject and oac rhyme ia anainitbis np- 
pearanee in the tiferarp QanUr ; bat we think bis 
Poem I 



Saverai areeptable Comannicatiooi, received too 
late in the wwk Iw this MaaAar, an aaknowMptd 
withthaak). ' . 



Digitized by 



Cjoogle 



78 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



ASVZItTISaMIIWTB 

Conneclrd nitk l.ilrratitrt anil (*i- Ailt. 

BRITISH INSTITUTION, PAI.I, MAU,. 

"PHK Gallery for tli« Exhibition and Sale 
of llie Worts 111' Mo.lcrn Arli»t<, i» npi-ii ilaily, 
from Ten in tlic Moruinit •l.ll Five iii the Emniiij,-. 
(By Ordt-r) ' JOHN YOUNG, Kf P|)i;r. 

Admission If. — C(ilHtot;ue It. 
.The Sub^cribrrs lo tlie I'rint from Mr. West's Pic- 
ture of-'Oiir Saviour Henlingtlie Sick ici tin- Tmiiijl.'," 
who have not nlrt-ady rrceiicj their impressions, ma; 
receive tliegi, upon |>nyraent of Ihe rewaimler ot their 
Subscriptions, at the Brili»h Instilulion ilaily. 



ARGViiE ROOiMS. 

fiS Thursday Evening, Feliriiary 6lh, 1823, 
^-' Mr.PLTNAM'.S 

nEADINGS and 111X11 ATIONS. 

Admission Five Shillings —The Doors will he opened 
at Hair-pasI Seven, and the Beadings commence at 
KiRhi o'clock precisely.— Tickets lunv be had at 
Mr. Ebers's, No. i1, Old Bond-streel j' .VIr. Sanis'i, 
I, .It. James's-street ; and at Ihe Argylc Rooms. 

*•• Mr. Putnam gives Instructtnn in Flocutiou, and 
io the hifiber branches of F^nxlish Readini;. 
t?l. Ilr n'id-tlrttt, liolrlen-Mquarf. 

"lyAPETI and REIN DEEK. Mr. Unl- 

lock respectfully informs the Public, tlint the 
Rlganlio Wapeti »ith tlwir Young, fallen in England, 
and a pair of Rein-Deer with their Youni;, are exhi- 
liited for a short time at the Egyptian Hall, Picca dilly. 

PAINTING in OIL, and DR.* WING in 
^ WATER COLOURS, »c. Wm. LEWIS, Porlrait 
and Landscape I'alnter, and Eihihitor {for li years) 
aUhe Hoyal Academy, respectfully olTets his services 
to Ladies and Gentlemen who desire inslrnction in the 
above elegnnl accnraplishmenls, on a plun which is 
simple, prosressive and sy.»teinalic. Tenns, Sec. may he 
o^ilained at Mr. Lewis'.!, Carpenlers' Hall, 6«, I^ndon 
Wall, where his Pictures may be seen— A lew copies 
of Ihe " Ode on the Kiiiu," and " 'Ihe Exhibition, 
Poem," may be had as above. 



BOOKS PUULISHED THIS DAY. 

fll. D'Ailincourt'i AVw Hamance. 
Just imported, by Treiittel & Co. 3(), Soho-square, 

in 3 vols. 8vo. price \^$. 
TI'SIIIOE, par M. le Vicointe D'ArlJDcourt. 
■*■ Also may be had, by the same Author, 
Le Holitaire, (ilh edil. » vols. l»nio. 7j. 
Le IteneRut, ,j|h edit. 8 vols. litmo.Sj. 



Id 3 vols. 8vo. aNew Kdlllon, price II. lis. 6rf. bds. 
\ SERIES of PLAYS : in wliirh it h al- 

lempled to del.neate ihe stronger l-assions of the 
Mind; each Passion belni; the subject of a Tragedy and 
a Comedy. By JOANNA UAU.LIE. 
Printed lor Longinan, Hiirst, Rees, Orme, b Brown 

Of w horn may be hod, by the same Author, 
Metrical Le,,'euds of Eiulled Characters, in 8vo. 
price 14s. hoards. 
'J he Family Legend, in Bvo. price 3f. 6d. 
Miscellaneous Plays, in Kvo. price 9s. boards. 



iVeic ><lcef.— Just published, price SI*, in bosrds 
ISN'T IT OUD .>— A Novel, in 3 vol.. IXm*' 
*■ By MAItMADUKE MERUYWHISTLI'.. 

" ('eilainly the Noiel b'-Iore us is many degrees 
■ibove the hundred of common-place production* trbicli 
daily, almost honrly, issue from the press ; and de- 
"eries Ihe somewhiit lenitlhened notice we haie be< 
slowed upon il, in consideration of ils very ellbrt to be 
allraclive."— Monthy Heijister, Sept. ISiS 
Printed fnrO. tc W. 8. Wniltaker, Ave-« 



By B. J. Iloldsworth, 18, Si. Paul's Ciiurchjard. 
to 8vo. price Hi. <W. Sd edit, of 
lULlAN.Tlie Apostate. A Dramatic Poem. 
" By Sir AUBREY DE VERE HUNT, Hart. 

" It displays more dramatic invention, and conlaio^ 
liner poetry, llian any production with which it can 
lairly be brought into coniparisou. Lord Byron has 
produced nothing equal to it, and Scott has nothing so 
intellectual or so elevated among his exquisite 
sketches."- Eclectic Ueview, Nov. 18SS. 



T*rice 5«. 6rf. in extra boards, 
JACKSON'S TWO SYSTEMS of STENO- 
GRAPHY; the first in Nine Chnraclers only, and 
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uf Ihe common hands j the prefixes and terminations 
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pure. Published and sold by T. Starling, Upper- 
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Broad-slreet j Newman & Co. Leadeiihall-slrcet, and 
all Booksellers. 

Just Published, by J. Hudson. R'i, Cheapnide 
'JW. PILGRIMS PROGRESS ILLUS- 
TRATED: being a Series of original Designs, 
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Maris .lane, 
aiij 



I'lice 4<. lllositalive ot firtril af Iht t'ltk, 

printed uniformly with thai Novel, 
A JOURNAL of tbe SIEGE of LATHAM 
HOUSE, during ils defence by Charlotte dc la 
Tremouille. Countess of Derby, against Sir Thomss 
Fail fax and other oRicers of the PatlianeuUrian Armi. 
From an Original Miinuscript. 

London : Printed for Harding, Mavor, Ic Le| 
( Lackingtiin's,) Fiiisbnry Square, 



1 



Price as. No. Xlil. of 

"pHE RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW; con- 
taining— i. Sickness, Heresy, Death, and Burial 
ofHillio.n Chillingwoilh— *. The Memoirs of Philip 
de Comines— 3. Sir A. Vtelih.n's Court and Character ol 
James I.— 4. Archbishop Laud's Diary of his own Life 
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'• Life and Adventures of Peler Wiltins— 8. George 
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*«* By a fortunate coincidence, the lost Article is a 
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Pevertl of the Peak. 



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TETTERS FROM SPAIN. 
■" By DON LEUCAUIO DOBLADO. 

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>pnnisli chill acler, as miiy assist us in examining the 
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Ihe new sislem."— lUontAfjf Jfriirn. 

Printed for Henry Colburo Ic Co. Conduit-street. 



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MAYES'S CATALOGUE of GREEK and 

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KnMin ifUanf, Qnm ifSeeU; withAiuedtm 
tf tkt Cimrt if Hdtry M< Snmd, during her 
AnrftM* in ftmitei. 8vo. 2 vols. London 
ISIS. Xtoogmaa & Co. 
To trae* Ite dotiay of Mary Stnart belongs 
mAct to tte bUtonan than the biographer ; 
)K(tit b a coriens fiiet, that, of the mnltifa- 
rioas Talmacs of which directly or inciden- 
tally this anfortanate Princeva forms the snb- 
j«tti Mt one author has furnished satisfactory 
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(Meet of Miss Beocer's work. Of iu diffi- 
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tariaa* of Frsnce malce little mention of 
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twalVacts that contain any anecdotes of her 
cWMwt^; of thejie, the first and best is 
n^lteq by ber contemporary. Bishop Lesley 
—iif other .is composed by a learned Priest, 
ujil^-^,^ vx^ress desi^ of Henrietta 
t«a«*9i«^X3iarl«* the Fuat, con- 
'evef aaeohjtea h« MnW nllcci of 
, ^ko M Jh» chnrcb i*u honoured 
a* a iMrtyr. WiOi both these Ifhjfcts, Mi** 
Bffl^r seems to be perfectly familiar ; bdt 
••«• mMk theae auxiliariea, and with all tliat 
MMti^ a^ diligeoce could supply, the has 
feaad tew oppertuaities for those personal 
ieuiii on wbicli the biographer delights to 
expatiate. To fiU up ibe cfcaiua, she ha* 
however fbrtmwtely offered a akeldi of the 
Court of France, tb« habits, tbe amusements, 
Ite Gteimtiir* of poiisbed society, which, 
though briuf, is not incomplete, and must, 
wecmetive, be new to tbe majority of her 
English readers. For tliis deviation from 
ber narrative, she, apologizes with little 
reason, since her portraiture is derived from 
Uuue itioit authentic sources, the elder chro- 
nider* mmI memoir writers of France. It 
combine* informatio* witli amusement, and 
readers the reader so perfectly acquainted 
»itb the world in which Mary lived, witli tbe 
almospberu by which she was surrounded, 
that he acema instinctively to acquire an 
iatigbt into her character, and to watch the 
KTowlh of those prejudices and opinions which 
w materially iotoenced her afterlife. 

The Court Of Heunr, confessedly the most 
hrintet air tbe day, ftirniibes many amusing 
Meedotea ; but we pass over even the bril- 
haM seeae of Mary's marriage with the Dau- 
nhta. MiMtoduce her a* opposed to the arti- 
ficial C«4ariM de Mediei*, at the moment of 
herulCMti^tothethroaea/France. Snring 
the last hoar* of Henry had been celebrated 
Ibe aqptiab of his sister Margaret with the 
Dnke of Savoy. 
" • • - A few boors after tUa aonrafnl 



ceremony, Francis, who, during some days 
had been laagnishlng under indisposition, 
was roused by the entrance of the Duke de 
Nemours, the Cardinal Lorrain, and tbe Duke 
of Guise, who, on bended knees, sainted him 
with the title of king. At this electric sound, 
the invalid leapt from hisconcb, and in a trans- 
port of rapturous amazement, protested be 
was well, and ready to adopt their good 
counsel. The next moment his mother, evi- 
dently d^ected, entered the apartment, to 
accompany him from tbeTQurnelles to the 
Lonvre ; where he was to receive, according 
to custom, such addresses and deputations at 
were offered to the new'sovereign. Without 
hesitation the young monarch obeyed, and 
walked between the Cardinal and tbe Duke 
of Onise. Mary Stnart followed with Catha- 
rine, who, for a moment, losing her habitual 
self-possession, in a sort of reverie, travers- 
ing tbe galleries, took tbe wrong turning, 
and had descended one stair before she per- 
ceived her mistake : ashamed of her abstrac- 
tion, she endeavoured to disguise it by a 
compliment to tbe young queen ; and waiting 
till the overtook her, she exclaimed, * Pass 
on. Madam ; it is now your part to take pre 
cedence.' Although this mano^'avre deceived 
not Mary, she accepted the courtesy with 
■ecminr gratitude ; but, in her turn, Insisted 
that Culwrin&sbonld enter tbe chariot first 
With the MUtf rUM duplicity, Catharine 
comroinioned Maiy to oemaM Mm .4h* 
Oocliess de Valentinoit, certaia crown jswcit, 
and on p'ther oocaaions to assume coDseqneo<:e 
and authority. At 'that princett was at thit 
time Dotorionsly ignorant of state affairs, and 
(rma tbe laqgiior of her health, even nnwil 
ling to be burthcned with tbem', it is impossi- 
ble not to surmise that her iuterference was 
exacted by her insidious step-mother." ' 

In tbe following extract we have an in- 
teresting picture of Mary, afler the deatli of 
Francis, during her farewell visit to the 
Duke and DOrhess of Lorrain, and her grand- 
mother, the Puchess Dowager of Guise : 

" She maiTe a public entry into Nancy, con- 
ducted by the yoiing Duke, and hit motlier 
the Duchess Dowager Christina; at tbe 
palace, the was greeteo by her sister-in-law, 
tbe amiable Claude, who consoled berselffor 
her- removal to a country in wbieli some ves- 
tiges of barbarism were still visible, by diliw- 
ing-aronnd ner a circle of fair companions, 
whose elegance and Iwaiity recalled the image 
of her father's cpnrt, »iid almost created 
another Fontainebleau. A», at tliis period, 
neither her consort nor herself were sufficient-' 
ly mature to be emancipated from tutelage, 
the Duchess Dowager and the Dulie de Vau- 
demont, maintained precedency in the coun- 
cil, leaving to the youthful pair the more 
amiable sovereignty of pleasure. Day after 
day tbey issued edicts for amusement, in 
which hunting and hawking, music and dan- 
cing, mat<|ning, enaoting plays, succeeded 
wiw a rapidity that scarcely allowed time to 
repair the waste of nature. The tumultuous 
gaiety of thit scene could have beeo little 



congenial to tbe atate of Mary's feelings, and 
she was soon compelled, by an attack of agne, 
a malady, at that time, equally prevalent ia 
France and Germany, to exchange the bril- 
liant tpectaclet of Nancy for the more salu- 
brious, though unattractive, residence of 
Joinviile. This town, situated on the river 
Marne, formed the capital of a petty district, 
which, in l$SO,liad been created into a prin- 
cipaii^, in favour of the boute' of Quite ; its 
chief ornament wat the ancient chateau, in 
the chapel of which Antoinetta of Bourbon 
had raited a tuperb monument, wrought of 
porphyry an<| jatper, which wat dedicated to 
the memory oif her departed lord. In that 
venerable iqansi'on, an interval of ten yean 
had produced no perceptible change ; it ttill 
preserved the same solemn aspect which per- 
vaded it during tbe last visit of Mary of 
Guise. Proud to dis|>liw and to perpetuate 
the emblems pf her grief, Antoinetta suffered 
not the black habgingt to be removed ifrom 
the wall, nor wat her own sable veil dis- 
carded ; the anttere gravity of the aged Prin- 
ceit, and the profound reverence the re- 
ceived A-om her attendants, gave to every 
object tbe character of funeral pageantry ; no 
gaieties were here exhibited. Absorbed in 
religions zeal, this Princess, even in lavith- 
ing klndaets on her grand-dauKhter, cordiaiiy 
approved of her departure, believing, that by 
her presence, she might reclaim her xnlMeett 
u'kfflkttbeilious heresy. Snch tanetifiea de- 
meanour wat rath«r ealeal||ed- to iMjpim 
reverence than leva, and Mary ^a*,perbap«, 
not anwUlipg to quit tbe atanost sacred retreat 
<4>r the more congenial hoKpitality of her annt 
R^n£e, in whose Inzuriout apartments waa 
seen no conventual austerity, and who la- 
vished on ber niece attentions, that In part 
consoledher for the mortification of assisting 
at tbe satne of Charles the Ninth, which waa 
performed on tbe SStb of June. At that so- 
lemnity) appeared Mary, in alt the state and 
p6mp of widowed royalty; but dittingnithed 
by the white mourning allotted to youthful 
dowagert ; her dark brown tretses were con- 
cealed under a long crape veil, which floated 
loosely on her shoulders, and, according to 
Brantome, was not to delicate at the tint of 
her colourless chtckt. 



" In ' this first ' re-nnioa with the court, 
Mary was received, by the nobRMy, with pro- 
found respect, and by Catharine with affected 
caresses'; btit in the younger princes and 
nobility sbe inspired snch lively emotions of 
interest and admiration, as revived the Queen 
Mother's jealousy, and redoubled the im- 
patience with which she anticipated her de- 
parture. It wat impotaible not to perceive 
that Mary't charmt were heightened, and 
that, abstracted from Ouitian intrigue, tbe 
must possess a personal influence truly for- 
midable. Exonerated from tbe etiquette, 
whidi, whilst Francis lived, opposed a barrier 
to the approaches of the other tes, It wat no 
longer forbidden to avow for ber, tentimentt 
warmer than loyalty, and e*en to addrettber 
In language more iropastioned than admira- 



82 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



tion. The chumii of her conrerxation, her 
gracefnl address, her captivating Bccomplish- 
meots, bad raised the unman above {lie Quwn; 
and, to complete those powers of fascination, 
Mary, Iiersplf, was become siisceptllile of 
feelings to wlucli slic li»d liitherto, proljably, 
remained a stranger. A sndden revei-se of 
fortnne, by discovering the bpllowncss of the 
practised courtier, taught her to discern and 
to appreciate those proofs of disinterested 
regard which she liad lately expericaced. 
Naturally disposed to munificence, she found, 
to her surprise, she was become tributary to 
kindness and sympathy, which it was not un- 
pleasing to repay with gratitude and confi- 
dence ; even the sense of obligation awakened 
emotions of tenderness more pleasing than 
painful. Tlic latent capacities of her heart 
and uoderstanding were now unfolded, and 
the bitterness of humiliation softened by the 
cooacloosness of possessing, in herself, a 
power of dispensing happiness, independent 
of her royal sceptre. 

" From Kheinis, Maiy proceeded to Paris ; 
into which slic made a public cntrj', far dif- 
ferent from that which she had once antici- 
Cated, but more flattering to female sens! 
ility than any formal homage that could 
have been rendered to the crowned coasorl 
of the Sovereign. With tlie exception of the 
young Monarch, all the Princes of the Rtood, 
with a brillianicumpany of cavaliers, met her 
ttt the gates of St. Denis, and followed in her 
train to the Louvre. The next day, she was 
conducted to St. Germains, where she sooii 
observed that a complete change had taken 
place in the lausjuasjc of the court ; which 
now, in compliment to the King of Navarre, 
affected unliouniled liberality for the Hn- 
gonots. Catharine herself, though not daring 
to forsake the mass, or positively to attend 
a Calvinistic coHventicle, permitted a sort 
of religious assembly in her apartment, 
where polemical discussion took place of sen- 
timental trifling, and the Hishop of Valence 
was allowed to preach a sermon ; in wliidi, 
to the horror of Chantonnay, the Spanish am- 
bassador, be omitted any invocation of the 
Saints or the Virgin. >feither the Duke of 
Guise nor his niece chose to be present at 
these discourses; and the old Constable 
Montmorency was so much offended by the 
deviations from established usage, that be 
was once tempted to throw the preacher 
from the window. It had been prudpnt in 
Mary so far to surmount her piejiidiccs as 
to be one of the Bishop's auditors; but, in 
this instance, her resolution was immutable ; 
her sincerity inspired respect, and in a con- 
versation w'ith Throckmorton, she fraokly 
declared, that as she had been bred a Ca- 
tholic, she hoped to die in that communion. 

" ' To be plain with you,' said she, ' the 
religion which I profess I take to be the most 
acceptable to God ; and, indeed, neither do 
I know, or dc»irc to know, any other. Con- 
stancy becoMeth all people well, and none 
better than Princes, and sorh as have mle 
over realms, and specially in matters of reli- 
gI6n. I have been brougirt dp In this reli- 
gion, and who might credit me'io any thing, 
if I should shew myself light in this case ? 
and tbonjth I be \oung, and not well learned, 
yet bavel heard this matter oft disputed by 
mine unclej my Lord Cardinal, and I found 
tberein nd great reason to change my opinion.' 

' " ^^^?L?^£r°V9''''^*"'> *^' conceded to 
. Ifcro^wrfoiibll «f^ liwHr abuses had crept 
i,nt/> toS rtanp^ ijMct'sMlled for reform; 
tiiit ad'^d, '• . v'' yi)' ' 



" ' I am none of those that will change my 
religion every^ear; and, as I told you in the 
beginning, I mean to constrain none of my 
subjects, but would wish that they were all 
as I am ; and, I trust, they should have no 
sqpport to constrain me.' 

" Biit if Maiy decliped polemical contro- 
versy, she resiimed her classical pnrsu'its, 
which had lately been suspended, and de- 
voted two or three hours of every morning 
to the pcmsal of a Latin author, with the 
learned Buchanan. At her leisure, she was 
encircled by Ronsard and du Belj'ay, and 
other fashionable bards, who cultivated her 
fine taste, and stimulated her to the exercise 
ofanatrve talent for metrical composition; 
and, according to Brantome, she often pro- 
duced extempore poems, illustrating some 
idea happily struck out in conversation. 

" Mary sometimes wrote poenisof a higher 
cast, which breathed of taste and feeling, 
and were even tinctured with a certain das 
sical elegance, rarely exemplified ill any con- 
temporftry female productions ; to this clase 
belongs the well-known poem composed on 
the death of Francis, £n mm triste el doux 
chant. If Mary drew attention as a poet, as 
a minstrel she was captivating; her voice was 
melodious, and she never appeared to more 
advantage than when she touched the Inte, 
with a hand, which, Sf her admirers may be 
credited, presented a model to the sculptor ; 
the susceptibility of her character imparted 
a tonching expression to her countenance, 
which would have excited interest withont 
that symmetry of feature and form, by which 
she is allowed to have been distingnishcd ; 
added to these powerful .ittiactions, the pity 
inspired by her sorrows, the vicissitudes of 
her romantic fortune, the difficulties of her 
situation, tlie perilous prospects before her, 
all inspired td engage sympathy, to kindle 
enthusiasm. The nobility crowded round 
her; and parties were formed, and specta- 
cles presented, of which she appeared to be 
the only object," - - - 

For the history of Mary after her return 
to Scotland, there existed a perplexing mass 
of materials; but contemporary writers, with 
the exception of Castelnan, appear to have 
been all warped by piity feelings. From 
the correspondence of Randolph, the English 
resident. Miss B. has made a selection which 
enables the reader to form a tolerably correct 
idea of Mary and her Court. We regret there 
was not a more detailed account of the young 
Qneen's public entry into Edinburgh ; in- 
deed after those mlnntc descriptions with 
which she had indulged us in France, we are 
disposed to nnarrel with the antlior's almost 
puritanical silence on the Revels of Scotland, 
though certainly already better known. But 
the rapid succession of c'vcnts soon renders ns 
indifferent to this omission, and after the 
assassination of Rizzlo we never revert to the 
subject. The history of that tragedy is fairly 
given ; and, although being chicHy extracted 
from the relation of the conspirator Lord 
Rnthven, it cannot be suspected of i>arti>ility 
to Mary, it nnqnestionably places her in the 
most interesting light, and inspires respect 
and sympathy in the reader. 

The concluding part of this work is too 
brief and rapid. Our limits do not allow as 
to enter into a' regular criticism of it ; but 
among its defects we have remarked an 
occasional negligence of style, in which the 
author seems to betray weariness of the task, 
or impatience of the efforts it required. As 
a whole, hotrever, we consider It as an agree- 



able and useful acquisition to this department 
of our literature. The plan is well conceived, 
and {bese Memoirs may be perused with 
advantage by all who wish to attain the 
knowledge of facts witlioiit the fatigue of con- 
troversy, and to acqnire infnrmaliaD without 
the trouble of exploring old book*, or tra- 
versing voluminous collections. 

Let us add, generally, that we approve of 
works of this kind, on account .of their lead- 
ing the young to relish history. Their sepa- _ 
rate interest inspires a love lor information, 
which afterwards develops itself in a ta«tc 
for solid ami useful reading, and, from admir- 
ing portions, to the greater, appii cation 
which a study of tlie whole reqnires. 

Poemi tm Various Sulyecti. With Jntrodurtory R«- 
marh on the present stale of Science and Literatitr* 
in France, liy Helen l(laria Williams. 8to. 
pp. 398. 1823. O. & W. B. Whittaker. 
Tite celebrity of this lady's name induced ns 
to give an early perusal' to her book. Had 
tile lived as long and as lately in England as 
she has done in Frauce, she wiuld hardly 
have inflicted such a penance upon us ; for 
she would have known that scores of better 
works, both in prose and verse, are almo.<t ' 
monthly consigned to oblivion. Indeed nothinf; 
but that doting affection which we feel for 
our youthful performances could have led 
to ' this publication ; and we are sorry the 
able translator of Hnmboldt should have 
afforded so unadvised an example of that 
frailty. Miss Williams seems to think that if 
her quondam old friends were still in office at 
the head of our critical journals, she would 
have stood a good chance of their favourable 
report : We cannot tell how that matter 
stands, but we can inform her that the wide 
diffusion of knowledge which has taken place 
since she went to reside in Paris, has ren- 
dered partial criticism a very ticklish thing 
among the present generation, and that the 
public acumen is so highly cultivated (we do ' 
not say public opinion is so jealous) that the ' 
recommendation of a bad book only d — ns 
the panegyrist without serving the author. 
.411 that is now in the power of a Reviewer 
(beyond perhaps two or three experiments 
the other way) is to promote the success of 
valuable productions by making their merits 
known. On these grounds, wc trust Miss W. 
will pardon us fur not rcspoudlng to her 
appeal tO' the moderns in the tone of praise 
which our respect for her talents and our ad- 
miration for her sex would have rendered so 
pleasing to us. 

Some of the poe.-ns were published many 
years since ; others are of liter dale, and 
several of them addressed to the purpose of 
immortalizing the wedding-day of M. Co- 
qnerel, the author's nephew, in 1819 ; the 
hrst new-year's day seen by A. C. A.D. 1821, 
in consequence of the foregoing event ; Lines 
to Helen (a namesake grand-niece) " a new- 
born infant," also in 1821 ; and sundry other 
events of cquiil importance; if, indeed, any 
thing can be of a.-, much importance as the 
family promise of the continuation, in a nu- 
merous line, of the race of Williams-Coquerel 
or Coqueiel-Williains In Prance. 

But before we come to the poetical assur- 
ances of this gratifying fact (which agreeably 
to Miss W.'s method of turning every event 
into a political point of view, bodes no want 
of Cockerels for the future wars of France, 
though not in time for the approaching Spa- 
nish conflict;) we arc bbuna to pa^ some 
attention to the IntiodncUoiu J^ cpniisu of 
Digitized by ' 



e arc oouna in pa; 
ntiodnclion. li cob 

,y\j00gle 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



; 83 



ininadlTtnlons on ii passage in the Edinbtirgb 
IUriev,iDeDtianing" the present degenerate 
itateof idriice and literature in France;" 
wkick Mill W. trici to refote by stringing 
toother wltl^ eulogies, like a row of beads 
Kt ia gold, tbe names of all tlie literati witli 
«hom (he ti acqoainted in Parin. No donbt 
icfenl of tlifse are justly distinguished 
Bfli;* but inroly no person who is at all in- 
formed on tbe progress of the age will venture 
uqaeilioD tbe double proposition, tbatFrance 
kis dfgenerated, and stands Ion in the scale 
of comparison with other nations. Some, 
loo, HMD Miss W. lands to the skies, are 
little better than shallow pretenders, qnacks, 
or lach as disgrace their country. Yet we 
«i allow her wished for conclnsion, " that 
Ike Revelation has left tomt talents, umi mo- 
nfitr and ime religion in France ;" which 
It nney even tbe ^inburgb Review did not 
■taa aboluti-ly to deny. 

Upon tbe Introduction there is a Note, con- 

traveriiog some story of O'Mcara's abont 

Iioupartc's saying that Miss Williams' vo- 

lmiK"oa the Events of his Govcniment of a 

iiDiulrtd Days," " was a very silly composi- 

tiou, filled with a string of falsehoods ; se- 

rosdly, that be had never worn any other 

breutplate than liis flannel-waistcoat ; and 

th'rdir, that the book, foolish as it was, ninst 

kire been well paid." To tliis onr indignant 

raixrant replies : " With respect to ' tbe 

.•light cirannstancc of his having worn, dur- 

isj; the latter part of his reign, some kind 

ortBjsterioBs aegis beneath his ilannel-waist- 

cnt, I ^lall only repeat that it was a fart of 

fMt notoriety at Paris, and that it gave a 

nrjawkyrard appearance to his person. Uut 

I tastea from hia coating to a far more serious 

iHtjation against nie, that of having beentceU 

rM. What pages of mv volume deserved beat 

Ike recompense ? WiS it the tribute offered 

toKosdnsko, tbe hero of Poland; or to La 

Fijette, the' veteran of liberty in two worjdaf 

It is the misfortune [Miss Helen Marfa 

^Rfiams, a famed and ci-devant glorified fe- 

■ile reformer, declares]— it is the misfortune 

•f those wbo write in tiroes of revolution, 

that nay meeatirt gnertmtnt begins In/ pnelaitn- 

i«j fnaripUt wAir/i il« friend of liheriy u umpted 

10 ^fUud, tnd at regularli/ end% by governing in itt 

'n utj. Exulting lU tlie fall of one tyranny, tht 

UtitiiUiJu iUtjftiHU the hope of better thinn 

trim am nhrt, uha take eare in their turn to congM 

l*» Jr«mi< affvlty. All I said of Buonaparte, 

iiAat volume, were well known facts. 'ir|)ou 

vhich the stamp of fate was inipress^, and 

«bieb, while 'I'traced tbem in a teebl« fcketcli, 

Uiitory bad already seized, and graven witli 

ler iron pen." 

Tbe last period is in the style of the school 
to which the writer belongs: " the stamp of 
fttc," and •' the niarcli of mind/' and " the 
iprrad of principled," and " thfe pen of his- 
tory," and all the confected (ihraseology cur- 
rut from Its upper beochtii to its lowest 
l<>noM, from its pbllosopbert to its scribblers, 
*re at once trite, nniiMiHiiig, and, through 
rr|>etitioD, offensive. Uut what shall we say to 
*^ct«o preceding periods ; what an argument 
•gainst Eevolntlon under the semblance of 
i^!bnn P' Afler these confessions, one might 
lUak the vrrUer was no advocate tor changes; 
lx>t the worthy old lady appears to be just as 

* A note mentions thatBabaut St. Etienne has 
M a coOectlon of letters, which win be pub- 
uhed, aid *' thh>w mote light on the first years 
>< lh«r rev«l«lon thati Any work that iaa yet 
fgemttr • 



anxious for revolutions, new rulers, and new 
disappointments, as ever she was. We beg 
onr readers to consider this as philosophy, 
not politics — we seldom offend, but such con- 
sommate folly is provoking. 

Jhe poetry is hardly worth the name: little 
of it would in onr day be admitted into the 
poorest magazine. "iThere are some very me- 
diocre Peruvian tales, ballad tales still worse, 
and odes and sonnets, &c. on all the hacknied 
common-place subjects, such as * Seusibllity,' 
' Peace,' ' Hope,' ' Twilight,' ' the Moon,' 
' the Strawberry," ■ Simplicity,' ' Disappoint- 
ment,' ' Love,' ' Flowers sent to me when ill,' 
' Flowers in March,' ' Epitaph on a favourite 
Dog,' * Elegy to a young Thrush that had 
fallen into Uie area and could not he found,' 
' the Linnet and tbe Cat,' • Lines to my two 
Nephews,' and similar twaddle. Now it is pos- 
sible the reading public may fancy " all this 
sort of thing" more than we do ; for we so- 
lemnly protest we arc so sick of it, that 
we had almost rather be hunted by a tiger 
than read a poem on a cat's clawing a pretty 
sweet bird — rather fall from a honse top than 
weep over the details of nnffedged thrushes 
tumoliDg into areas — and (if it be not an hi- 
bernicism) rather peruse our own epitaph 
tb.iii be culled on to criticise whimpering 
effusions on the tombstones of dear Pompey*, 
darling Bibis, or divine Fidelcs. We hold it 
to be absolutely inhuman to pen funereal 
panegyrics on deceased puppies, and suffer a 
literary hydrophobia when such aubjects ap- 
proach na. ' Miai W., therefore, has none of 
our sympathy in moaraiDg hir Bibi thns : 

Let tlicu who coMly scorn the tear 
That soothes tbe grief ve prove, 

Say, if fidelity be dear. 
If love has claims to love ; 

Say, on what hallow'd spot there Uvea 
A heart unknown to range. 

That to one chosen object gives 
A love no power can change ? 

Tell, in what tender breast to find' 

Affection half so true? — 
Ah, Bibi, who of human kind 
Hat learnt to love like you I 

What woman, in the name of all that's 
tidiculons, would have a maa 4o love her like 
• dog i 

The catastrophe of the thmsh is another 
case in point — it " escaped from the writer's 
hand (it has not, alas '. from her pen,) and 
falling do^'n the area of a house, coiUd not 
be foimd." Now listen to the tender sensa- 
tions occasioned by this deplorable acc^lent: 
Mistaken Bird, ah whither bait thm stra^-df 

My friendly grasp why eager to etude ? ,'- 
This hand was on toy pinion lightly biif, // 

And fear'd to hurt thee by a touch tasirode. 
/( (Acre m fanlight in a Thruth't bitadi 

That thou doicn yonder gtitphfrximtAeuoulditgol 
That gloomy area lurking cats infiest. 

And there the dog may tove, alike thy foe. 
1 would with lavish crumbs my bird have fed. 

And brought a iryital aif to wet lliy bill ; 
I would have made of dogu-n and moss thy bed. 

Soft, though not fashion'd uith a Thruah'i akill. 

Fiam'd with the wisdom nature lent to thee. 

Thy house of straw had brav'd tbe tempest's rage. 
And thou thiough many a Spring hadit liv'd to see 

The utmost limit q'^ a Thrush's age. 
Ul-fated bird !— anrfdoea the Thrush's race. 

Like Man's, mistake the path that leads to blisa? 
Or, when hia eya that tranquil path can trace, 

"Tht good he well diacema through felly ndss ? 



Ehen! jam satis. Neither men nor thrushes, ' 
we imagine, expect that the path of bliaa lies 
in tumbling down areas ! 

Injustice to the author we thall now qnote 
from the best specimens we can discover In 
her volume, and with these snrrende^ it to 
" the stamp of fate," if uot " the irou oen of 
bistdry ," of which we fear it will never "form 
a part." At page 198 we find an irregular 
fragment, suegested by a particular door in 
theToiver being said to have been shnt £ar 
ases. The writer supposes the ghosts of all 
who have there been murdered assembled in 
that room,' and even travels out of the bloody ' 
record to imagine more horrible atrocities. 
We selMt what we most approve : 

But who is he, convuls'd with pain. 
That writhes in every swelling vein ? 

Yet in so deep, so wild a groan, 
A sharper anguuh seems to live 
Than life's explrmg pang can give '. — 

He dies deserted, and alone. 
If pity can allay thy woes. 
Sad spirit,' they shall find repose : 
Thy friend, thy long-lov'd friend is near % 
He comes to pout the parting tear. 

He cornea to catch the. parting breath. 
Ah, heaven! no meliing look he weara, 
His aiter'd eye with vengeance glares ; 
Each frantic pauion at his soul ;' 
Tis he has dasb'd that venom'd bowl 

YTith agony and death ! 

But whence arose that solemn call i 
Yon bloody phantom waves his hand , 
And beckons me to <!eeper gloom ! 
' Restt troubled form ! I coma — 
' Some unknown power my step impel* 
To boiTor'a secret cells. 
V For thee I laist this sable pall^ 
It shrouds a ghastly band : 
Stretcb'd beneath, thy eye shall trace 

A mangled regal race ! 
A thansand suns have roll'd, unce light 
Rush'd on their solid night ! 
See, o'er that tender frame grim Farauie hangt} 

. And mocks a mother's pangs ! 
The last^ last diop which warm'd her veins 

That meagre in&nt dranw. 
Then giuwa her food, sustaining breast ! 
Stretcb'd on her feeble knees, behold 
Another victim sinks to lasting reitt ; 

Another yet her matron arms would fold) 
Who strives tp reach her matron arms in vaiO'- 
Too weak her wasted form to raise, 
On him she bends her eager gaze ; 
She aees the soft imploring eye 
f bat asks her dear embrace, the cure of pain — 
She sees her child at distance die ! 
But noi^ her stcdfast heart can bear, 
Unmoy d the pressure of despair. 
When &ait tbe winds of winter urge their course 
' O'ar tbo pun stream, whose cu r rent sm oo th ly ■ 
glides, , 

The heaviag river swells Its troubled tides ; 
But when the bitter blast with keener force 
O'er the high wave ah icV fetter throi^s, 
Tiie hjirdcn'd wave is fix d in dead repose*" 

" Say, Who that hoary form .^'^lone he stands. 
And meekly lifts his wither'd hands ; 

His white beard streams with blood! 
1 see himAvi>(i a smile deride 
The wound: chit pierce his shrlveli'd side. 

Whence flows a purple flood ; 
But sudden pangs bis bosom tear — 

On one big drop, of deeper dye, 

I see him fix his haggard eye 
Itt dark and wild despair '. ' ' 



Digitized by 



Google 



84 



THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



, Th^c nnguine drop which wa&et his woe, 

Stj, Spirit! whence itt source f" 
, " Ml do more its source to Vaovr — 
Ne'er shiU morul eye explore 
Whence flow'd thst drop of human gore. 
Till the starting dead shall rise, 
UnchiinM from earth, and mount the skies, 
And time shall end his bted course. 
Now th' unfathom'd depth behold : 
Look but once — a second glance 
Wraps a heart of human mould 
In death's eternal trance ! 
" That shapeless phantom, sinking slow 
Peep down the rast abyss below, 
Dans thro' tfu mists that shroud his {Jrame, 
A honor, nature hates to name! 
MfRal, could thine eyes behold 
All^hose suUen mists enfold, 
Thy sinews at the sight accurst 
Would wither, and thy heart-etringi bunt ; 
Death would grasp with icy hand. 
And drag thee to our gridy band ! 
Away I the sable pall t spread. 
And give to rest to* unquiet (lead ; 

Haste ) ere its horrid shroud enclose 
Thy form, benumb'd with wild affright. 
And plunge thee far through wastes of night. 

In yon black gulph's abhorr'd repose ! " 
To this picture, which possesses poetical 
force, we have only to add two vtry short 
pieces — an " Imitation of lines written by 
Boucher, aathbr of a poem called Let Mais, 
below hit pietnre, srhicb a fellow-prisoner 
bad drawn, and which be tent to bis wife and 
cbildren the day before his ezecotloii — 1794." 
Iiov'd objects ! cease to wander when ye trace 
The melancholy air that clouds my face ; 
Ah ! while the Painter's skill thb image drew. 
They rear'd the ScaBbld, and I thought of you ! 

JmUatim«f Liiut addrttml 6y M. D—~, a young 
Mtn cf tiemtg-fomr ytanafagt, tkt n%i( brfort 
tif esMutiwi, ta a ynuy Laig to wkeas h$ 
m^i^— 170i. 

Ute hoot that calls to death ia near. 
It brings to me no throb of fear ; 
The breast that hooonr arms, can brave 
The murd'rer's steel, th' untimely grare j 
But thou, to whom I gave my heart. 
From thee for ever mutt I part .' 
Wilt thou not hear my latest sigh ?— 
Ah, -'tis a cruel taA to die ! 

To-morrow, my cloe'd eyes no more 
Shall gaie on beauty I adore ; 
To-morrow, sadd'ning every grace. 
Unceasing tears shall bathe thy face ; ' 
To-morrow, chill'd by death's cold grasp. 
This hand no longer thine shall cbsp ; 
For thou— Mio more wilt thou be nigh— - 
Ah, 'tis a cruel task to die ! 



which is tlirown upon the subject becomes 
trebly valuable and important.* 



* A description of Egypt, recently published at 
Paris, contains a great number of platei illustra- 
tive of Egyptian antiquities. In the subterra-' 
neons tombs of Thebes, on the left hank of the 
Nile, discoveries are daily made of some precious 
fragment, whether of the work of Egyptiau in- 
dustry or of Greek and Egyptian writing, which 
discloses particulars hitherto unknowu, of the 
manners, the iiistitntions, and the usages of 
Egypt. Among these plates are several repre- 
senting the subjects of the pictures in the tombs 
of the kings. One extremely curious scene ex- 
hibits the metempsychosis. The artist in a man- 
ner embodied this doctrine, which Pythagoras 
borrowed firom the Egyptians. Upon a lofiy tri- 
bunal tits one of the principal Egyptian gods, 
accompanied by a figure holding alarge balance. 
Various penonH appear to be approaching the 
tribunal, in order to submit themselves for judg- 
meut. Sentence has already been pronounced 
on one of those individuals, who has been con- 
demned to return to the earth in the shape of a 
hog. The upper part of the picture is occupied 
by the emblem of the Egyptian Mercury, who, 
like the Mercury employed iu the Odyssey as the 
conductor of souls, is armed with a rod, witli 
wlik:h be drives before him the unhappy wretch 
who has undergone a swinuh transmiioation. 

T. Lacourj the director of the free school of 
design and painting at Bordeaux, has published 
an important Essay on Egyptian Hiermrlyphics. 
He bat adopted for his motto the following pas- 
sage from Clcneiit of Alectndria : " Suut He- 
bralcls similia iGgyptorum snigmata." And in- 
deed the whole of his system ia conipreheuded 
iu those few words. The author's opinions are 
more fully developed iu the following paragraph 
of hit Introduction ; " About twelve years a^o. 



A Jowmey to Two of the Onset of Upper 
Egypt. By Sir Arch. Ednionstone, Bart. 
Svo. pp. ti'i. Loodon 1823. J: Murray. 

Tbm, thoagh a imall volmne, contains matter 
of mncfa interest to the scholar and antiqua- 
rian. At any period it would have merited 
thii praise ; bnt at the present time, when, 
at we are persuaded, very rapid strides are 
making to oplift the veil of mystery, which 
has for long centuries shronded the hittory 
of one of the earliest of civilized nations, 
and to unfold the literatore, arts, and »cieiice* 
of a people whose very language ha» been 
till now an ineKplicable memorral,— at tach 
•n era, we tay, erery tcattered ray of light 



the ezaminatibn of some Egyptian hieroxlypliics 
suggested to me the idea of .Hualyzing the Hebrew 
huiguage,- and of comparing tne primitive ele- 
ments of that langnat^ with those of the hiero- 
glyphics. This OMHparison the more- stroolgly 
excited my curiosity, a^ I was convmced that the 
Hebrew langjiage was very nearly the Uogu;^ 
Which was spoken in Egypt at the period when 
the Israelities, under the guidance of Moses, left 
that country, after having sojoumetl in it above 
four hundred yeirs." A little further on, M.La- 
ooar adds, that he ia persuaded tlie Hebrew lan- 
guage was hi Egypt the sacred language, the lau- 
guage of the mysteries and symbols ; and that he 
13 equally satisfied that what is c.iUed the Copt 
was, on the contrary, the language of the lower 
orders of the people anil of idolatry. 

The labours of M. ChampoUion, Jnn. on the 
Egyptian Writhig, advance progressively, and 
furnish new results which are liitereating both to 
archaeology and historical criticisra. His alpha- 
bet_ of'the Plionetic hieroglyphics, by means of 
which he has read on the monuments of Egypt 
ttie names of Greek or Roman Emperors, has 
jntt been confirmed and extended by applying it 
to more ancient monuments, the date of winch 
it also serves to fix. We can already state, iliat, 
guided by this hieroglvphic alphabet, M. Cham- 
poUion has dLvcoverect and read the uamcs of the 
Pharaohs, that it to say, the kings of the Etcyp- 
tian race, carved on the great monuments of the 
first style. Tliese names are, 1st, those of the 
five klnes of the sixteenth dynasty ; 2d , of .\mo- 
tto^ Chebron, Am£nophis I., Amersis. Misphr^, 
Mitphragmulhosit, 'rulhn ' ' 



^, , ulbroosis, Ani£nopliis II., 

Morut, Kamestis I., Rathoris, Ramcssds II., 
Am£nophLs, or Harness^ III., of the eighteenth 
dyaatty ; 3d, of lUuuens^ iV. the Great, Elamet- 
ses v., Am^nophis, and Rames.s^s VI., ef the 
nineteenth dyuasly ; 4th, Suiend^s, chief of the 
twenty-first drnasty; Mb, of Sf.sOnchis and of 
Osorchon, of the twenty-second dynasty ; Kth, of 
O.Mrthos, of the twenty-third dynasty; 7th, of 
Psammitlcbns I.^ N£chao, and Ptammitichns 11. , 
of the twenty-oixtb draasnr ; . 8^ the Persian 
king Xerxes ; Vth, lastly, of the Pharaohs, N€- 



Among the objects consecrated by the re- 
cords of former ages, tliere are few more 
remarkable than the Oases of Egypt, whjch 
the historian, the natural philosopher, and 
the poet, have equally contribnted to immor- 
talize. It was not eKtraordlnary therefore 
that they should excite the curiosity of a 
mind so intelligent as our author's, and hold 
out inducements to him to perform the jour- 
ney he has here so briefly described. ^. 

In January 1819, Sir A. Edmonstone \e(t 
Cairo to explore tbc«e famous " green spo ti 
in the de«ert" of Libya ; and it has been bis 
good fortune in a tour of Cft9 miles to sdl 
the discovery of a fourth Oasis to the three 
previously known, namely, 1. The northern, 
Siwah, explored by Browne and Horneman, 
(and from recent circumstances almost 3^ 
monstrated to be the site of the famous tem- 
ple of Jupiter Aramon.) 2. The Ooju Paroa, 
explored by the indefatigable and zealous 
Belzoni. And, S. The Oiuit Magna, in the lati- 
tude of Thebes, between ia" and 2fio, and 
often visited, as it lies on the caravan route 
through Egypt to the interior. of Africa. Yet 
even in the latter the remains of magnificent 
antiquity arc daily being brought to light,, 
and the volume before us has some cnrions 
remarks on those described by the French 
travellers — Cailliand and Drovetti. It is 
about as far to the West of the Great Oasb 
(through which he journeyed,) as that is from 
the Nile, and nearly on the same parallel, 
that Sir A. E. has laid down— 4. The w» 
Wtatem Oasit. 

Having procured tlic necessary Arab pro- 
tections, guides, &.':. from sheikh Daond 
Waffee of the .4babd£, and another Bedanm ^ 
sheikh called Hamet, the anther departed on 
the 11th of February from tlie banks of the 
Nile at Beuiali, below Siont, and directeil ' 
conue to tho south-wesf for six days, 
cceding 4, IS, 14, 14, 11, and 9 hours ou tl 
days respectively, so that it was in all 64 bMsrs, 
inarfih, or about lyo English miles, to the 
Rtiios near Bellata in the Western Oasis, 
whi6b are first described. 

" On the ISth, about noon (it is stated,) 
we passed for same distance among hillocks, 
resembling artificial heaps. 'I'hcy seem ex- 
actly to correspond with those Belzoni de- 
seribes in his journey to the more northera 
Okaiis, and which, he imagines, are the 
tonibsiof Carabyses's army : but I have little 
donbt; of their being natural, as they are 
found aU over the desert." 

On the next day they^ pitched tbeir teau 
at the first village of the farther Oasis, 
called, as 'we have mentioned, Bellata. 

" The geography of these remote districts 
is not easy to be understood, from the am- 
biguous usage of the Greek word Oasis, 
which is syuonimous witli the .Arabic El 
Ouali, or El Wah, and is evidently derived 
from the same source. Tlie original mean- 
ing is clearly defined, as implying a coiti- 
vated spot in a dete^'t; bnt the difiicolty 
turns upon Oasis being frequently used in the 
singular number, to signify indiscriminately 
either one, or a collection of these islands. 



ph^rites and Achoris, «vho belong to the twenty- 
ninth dynast}'. 

M. Jomard, in a note on au Egyptian mmn- 
script of papyrus, brought from Thebes, and 
now iu the royal library, iu which, for the nsoal 
procession at the top, is substituted a aeries of 
geometrical figures, composed of straight and 
curved lines, expresses his conviction that thoae 
figui^es represent the pbms of subtenancoos 
mouu^eutt ; or, in Other words, of catacomb*. 



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JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



85 



Oisi»M«giia»nd [Oasis] Parva, for iDstance, 
«re both composed of a certain nnmber of 

rtj, yet many anthors speak of them as if 
re were bat one in each, and amon;; others 
Ploleinyi when laying down their latitude. 
The Arabic gfOi;raphers have given the name 
of £1 Wahat to that |ioi tion of the desert 
within which all the Wabs vrerfi supposed to 
lie; and M^r Rennell, in his work on the 
Geography of Herodotus, rompntrs it to 
eiteod 350 miles from North to Sonth, and 
ISO from East to West. 

" Strabo resembles the north of Afriim to 
i leopard's skin, being covered with spots of 
nllivalion, and Stepbanns Byzantiniis ap- 
pries the same term to one of the Oases 
tiken in the collective sense. This compari- 
IM particularly agrees with the appearance 
«f til* country we bad just arrived at, which 
itihifofa plain, dotted abont with a few 
iiualated tracts of rich and wooded cnltiva- 
lioa." 

The ittost probable theory is, that " the 
fboxiations of these islands were first laid 
by fcf^tation occasioned by springs, the de- 
ny of which vegetation prodnre<l soil nntil 
it isCTeased to the state in which we behold 
tima. They appear nniversally snrronnded 
by kigh lands, which will account for these 
iprings." 

Aanent anthors draw glowing, and as it 
mais not exaggerated pictures of their as- 
ttflithin^ fertility, for Sir A. E. tells us, 

" In tl^ evening we passed through a bean- 
lifn! wood of araciaa, the foliage of which at 
> Kttle distance recalled English scenery to 
our re«oilection. The trees fpr exceeded in 
)iieiiiyl had ever seen of the kind, and, 
tpoa loeasnring the trunk of one, it proved 
Id bblT feet i inches in drcumfereuce." ! ! 

The travdiers (Messrs. .HAghton and 
Haster cc«niJ{H(nied the antb^r,)iipaiediafely 
bfgutlieirMrvey of the Oasis. On die 17th, 
Inring the- villages of Hismint and Eiidongli 
tn their Mti tbey arrived at a place named 
Aboadaklongfa, apparently abont thirty miles 
from nellata, and there slopped for the night. 
Hence, four miles and a half to the north, is 
ElCaiar, atoeantifni spot seated on an erai- 
Koce, and " encircled by extensive gardens 
iHed with pahn, acacia, citron, and various 
other kinds ef trees." Tlie only thing wortliy 
of observation here was a strong chalybeate 
iadsolphnricspring; bnt abontsix miles to the 
wntward, the farthest distance to which the 
•Btbor penetrated, his travel was rewarded 
liy the discovery of some most intercnting 
mins. The" first described is a temple in 
tolerahle preservation, though half filled with 
■and, which their guide told thein was called 
Dkt £i Hadjar. 

" Ob the lOth (the narrative continnes,) 
in onr way to Uaer El Hadjar, we diverged 
» Htlle to the right, where we fonnd vestiges 
of a town of greater extent than any we had 
wtn beiore in this district. It was now a 
unpitte maas of rnins, and we conid dls- 
tiigaish nothing hot a small remnant of 'a 
twple, and the fragment of a white marble 
ttilae. "niis last was apparently of Greek 
■orkmaaship, and not witbont elegance, al- 
tkoagh so imperfect. 

"There being nothing to detain us here, 
•e hastened on to Dacr El Hadjar. As the 
door-way was choked up by the land, we 
mM the wall witbont difficulty, and imme- 
tiately set about clearing the interior of the 
teaiple ; bnt after three or fonr hoon, find- 
iag that onr laboors would be fmitless, we 



desisted, and proceeded to measure every 
part with a graduated line. 

" The edifice on the outside is 51 feet 4 in. 
long, by 24 feet 8 inches wide. In front is a 
portico of eight columns; three only are 
standing, and they in a mutilated state : 
their circumference is feet 6 inches, and 
the space between 7 feet 7 inches : the two 
centre have portals reaching half way np, 
not connected by a lintel. The first chamber 
is 23 feet inches, by 20 feet S inches, sup- 
ported by fonr pillars, five feet in diameter 
at the shaft. As much as is visible of the 
walls is traced with figures and hieroglyphics. 
This apartment opens into another &t the 
same width, hut only 10 feet 4 inches long, 
perfectly plain and nnornamented, excepting 
by the winged globe encompassed b^ the 
serpent, the emblem of eternity, which is 
carved over the door. Beyond this chamber, 
and commnnicating with it, are three smaller 
parallel to each other, of which the middle 
one was the Adytum. Here the walls are 
covered with figures and hieroglyphics, and 
mndi blackened by the lamps nsed in the 
service of the temple. The other two com- 
partments are of the same length as the cen- 
tre, and five feet wide. The roof still con- 
tinnes entire over these three chambers, 
which are lower than the rest of the bnilding. 
The temple stands due east and west." 

The general description of the Oasis in 
which these ruins are found is thus given by 
a sheikh called Ismael : 

" From him we learnt that this El Ouah is 
composed of twelve villages, of which ten 
are within five or six miles of each other ; 
the remaining two much fnrther off at the 
entrance of the plain, so that they are in 
fact scarcely looked upon as belonging to this 
division. Bellata, where we had anile onr 
first ba(t, is one of these last mentioned : the 
other, named Tenida, is uninhabited, and to 
the south of Bellata. 

" tn the part we now were, are Abondak- 
longh ; El Cazar which we had visited ; 
Moushie, to the west j Gedidi, to the sooth- 
west ; and Gelamoon, in the same direction, 
bnt more distatit. This latter place, together 
with £1 Caxar, are considered the two of 
most consequence in the district. To the 
sonth is first Rashdie, and beyond it Moot ; 
to the south-east are Endongh and El Ma- 
sara ; and still more to the eastward, ^is- 
ment ; besides these there are several enclo- 
sures, well wooded with palm-trees, contain- 
ing springs, but the cultivators and proprie- 
tors reside in the neighbouring villages. 

" The climate is extremely variable in win- 
ter. Sometimes the rains are very abundant, 
and fall in torrents, as appears from the fur- 
rows in the rocks ; bnt this season there had 
been none at all, and the total want of dew 
at this period sufficiently proves tlie excessive 
dryness of the atmospiiere. Violent winds 
are veiy prevalent, and the kamsin, (S\V.) 
which is with justice called the acqnrge of 
the desert, frequently blows in the months 
of May and June. The plague is quite un- 
known, bnt, during the summer when the 
heat is intense, fever* and agues are Tery 
general, which the sheihk attributed to the 
immoderate use of dates. This nmy be one 
of the causes, but what I slionld imagine 
conduces also to the insalubrity of that season 
is, that the springs are all strongly impreg- 
nated with iron and sulphur, and hot at their 
source* ; nor indeed can the water be qsed 
ontil it has been het^ to cool in an earthen 



jar, when it becomes more palatable, llieie 
springs never Ail or vary at any season of 
the year, which is most fortunate for the 
natives, as tbeir very existence depends upon 
them, there being no wells that I could ob- 
serve. 

" The soil is a very light red earth, ferti- 
lized entirely by irrigation, the water being 
conducted in small channels through the 
arable land. The principal produce is corn, 
chiefly barley and rice. The former is sown 
in October and November, and reaped in 
March or April. The crop of rice succeeds, 
but not on the same ground, and requires 
constant moisture. Dates are an article of 
commerce vrith Egypt, and we often met 
caravans conveying them ; lemons and citrons 
are also very plentiful in the gardens. 

" The inhabitants are Bedouins, I believe 
of the same horde as onr guides ; like them, 
they acknowledge the sovereigntv of the 
Pasha, who has succeeded in rednclng them 
to a state of complete subordination. As a 
proof of this, their tribute, which is paid in 
kind, not onty varies every year, according 
to his caprice, as they affirm, bnt fonr or five 
soldiers are now sufficient for levying it, 
whereas fonr hundred were necessary for 
that purpose when they first came under bis 
dominion. 

"Ismael informed as, that there was no 
thoroughfare through this Oasis, and that be 
was not aware of the existence of any other 
inhabited tract beyond to the westward. 
Some Arabs had lately endeavoured to ex- 
plore in that direction, bnt at the end of three 
days had met with so terrible a whirlwind, as 
to prevent their proceeding. He understood, 
however, tliat there was one towards the 
north, and that, some years before, a man,, 
having lost his way in tb^.dtsert, by diaoca . 
foiiiid himself there, from wbencehe was ten 
days returning ; but that the ronte, never 
having been since followed, continued an- 
known. 

" The people here are nmch expesed to the 
incnrsions of theMMrabinorBarbarv Arabs, 
and occasionally snner much from Oielr de- 
predations. Three years ago, a band of tonr 
hundred made an Irruption, and after a severe 
contest, in which many lives were lost, re- 
tired, carrying off much booty. It is thirty 
days' march to Tripoli, reckoning ten hours to 
each. 

"Lions and tigers (hysenas?) are not nn- 
coromon in this district, bnt there are no 
ostriches ; neither could we gain any infor- 
mation respecting the serpent of incredible 
magnitude, called Toghan, which Edrissl af- 
firms U only found in the El Onabat. 

"The sheihk assured us there was no record 
of any Frank ever having visited this Oasu 
before, bnt that be knew the English per- 
fectly by repuUtion, and esteemed them 
highly. From his dcclaraUon, added to the 
Negative testimony of their being neither 
wntten or traditional information respectin* 
this region, we had the great satisfacUon of 
being fully convinced that we were the first 
Europeans who had reached it In modern 
times." 

This long extract comprehends all the irt- 
formation furnished respecting the Western 
Oasis, as onr countrymen immediately re- 
tnmed toBellaU,* and thence reuaced their 



• At Bellata there is an indigo pjanufcetuw. 
wry siipple in its operatlODS, 



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86 



THfi LITERARY (JA^ETtE, ANii 



Btepi to the Nile by a courae aInuMt directly 
east, crosxing and exploring several places in 
the Oreat Oasis near its northern extremity. 
The route from Bellata is thiu composed : 
1st day, by Tenida, 10 honrs; 2d day, 11 
hours, to En Amotir (a well ;) Sdday, 10 hours, 
to the edge of the Great Oasis ; 4lh day, 
4 hours, to El Carg£ in that Oasis ; tlience 
ex($ursions to Genan, Cazar El Ooetta, and 
Cazar El Z!an ; and then from EI Carg£, io 
four days, across the desert to Fairshont on 
the Nile, employing successfully, 11, 12, 12, 
and 9 honrs. 

In their first stage from Bellata, the tra- 
vellers met M. Drovetti, who bad visited the 
, nearer Oasis, and was ou hit way to the 
farther, which they were leaving, with the in- 
, tention of penetrating into the more northern 
or Oasis Parva. He, however, fonnd this im- 
' practicabU. 

At El or En-amonr there is a dilapidated 
; temple of great antiquity, wUh 6gnres and 
hieroglyphics roughly executed. The ruins of 
in CargCi.a necropolis, or mommy town, and 
the temples at Goetta and Ziao, are also ex- 
tremely cnrions as well as important anti- 
dnities. On the last in particular there is a 
QreeA: Inscription, of which the following is 
the translation: 
■ " To Amenebls the Oreat God of Toho- 
nemyris, and the other Gods of the Temple^ 
'for the perpetual preservation of Antoninus 
.Cssar onr Lord and his whole house : the 
cell of the temple and the vestibule were re- 
paired and renewed, under Avidius Helio- 
vonw, governor of Egypt, Septimins Macro 
.being commander in c^ief, and Plinius Capito 
general of the forces, in the third year of the 
emperor Catsar Titns ^lins Adrianu* An- 
toninus Angnstns, the Pions. Mesere the 
eighteenth. (Angnst 11.) • • • 

'< Of the God Amencbis, (adds our anthor) 
J anl not aware tiuLt any mention is made 
elsewhere ; but that Is no objection to the 
.correctness of this reading, .as the Pantheon 
of Egypt seems to be inexhanstible, and names 
'of Deities, nnheard of before, are still not un- 
. frequently fonnd in inscriptions. Tchonemyris 
would appear to be the name of the place, 
bat is not noticed by ancient geographers." 
The remaias at El Carg£ are also very 
•beautiful and interesting; it is especially 
rich in figures : 

"•To the «ast of the temple are three de- 
tached door-ways, at different intervals, and 
of different proportions ; but as they do not 
resemble the propyla that are nsual in other 
parts of Egypt, I am induced to think that 
this edifice was surrounded by a triple wall, 
in tite same way that Diodorus tells ns the 
celebrated temple of Jupiter Ammon was. 
The first, or nearest, is a solid door-way 
18 feet from the main building, with figures 
all round it ; and, among others on the in- 
side, is a representation of Osiris at a ban 
quel, of colossal proportion. This is, I believe, 
not uncommon, and is again fonnd on the west 
front. On the roof are five spread eagles, 
sometimes called ' the Birds of Pharaoh, 
painted, of which red and blue are the princi- 
pal flours.. 

" Thi second, which is at some distance. 
In the same direction, bat not iu a straight 
line, is materially higher than even the tem- 
ple itself. Half only is standing, and has a 
tew figures carved in relief within. There 
,are the remwnt of brick-work ftrsngely 
placed on the top. As it wonld be too high 
or any purposes of defence, it may not im- 1 



probably have been the residence of one of 
the Stelite hermits, of which manjr traces 
remain. At Athens, one of these aerial man- 
sions is still in existence on tbc top of the 
magnificent Corinthian columns called tlie 
Temple of Jupiter Olympins. 

" The last of these propyla is low and im- 
perfect : the east end is completely covered 
with a Greek inscription." • - - 

The Greek inscriptions are long public de- 
crees of the period of Galba, &c. ; but we 
think our readers will be more pleased with 
the account of the city of the deatl than with 
their translation.* 

• - • " It contains apparently not fewer than 
two, or three hundred buildings of nnburnt 
brick, ranged without attention to regularity, 
and of Tanons sizes and shapes. The greater 
number of them however are square, sur- 
moonted by a dome, similar to the small 
mosques erected over Shebks' tombs, having 
for the most part a corridor running round, 
which produces an ornamental effect very 
striking at a distance, and gives them a 
nearer resemblance tn Roman, than to any 
existing specimen of Greek or Egyptian ar- 
chitecture. Some few are larger tlian the 
rest ; one in particular is divided into aisles, 
like onr churches; and that it had been used 
as snch, by the early Christians, is clearly 
evinced by the traces of saints painted on 
the wall. Many have Coptic or perhaps 
Or^ek in<icription!i, but written in a hand not 
legible, and a few Arabic. In all we entered 
there is the Greek cross, and the celebrated 
Egypttaii hieroglyphic, the Crux Ansata, 
which originally signifying life, i^onld appear 
to be adapted as a Christian emblem either 
from its similarity to the shape of the cross. 
Or from its being considered the symbol of a 
stite Of future existence. But the great pe- 
culiarity is a large square hole in the centre 



• The following, however, is worth preserving, 
to show that the principle of civil law on which 
onr Insolvent Court is formed, was humauelr 
practised eighteen hundred years ago, though 
now so loudly condemned. '* I am determined 
(says the ruler of Eeypt) rather to follow the 
established custom of fornier governors than to 
imitate the occasional injustice of any individual. 
Por some persons, under the pretence of a public 
demand, and having made over the debts of 
others, hare thrown several such defend,mts into 
the debtor's pi isou, and into other places of cou- 
fineoient, which for thii very reason I hare 
thought proper to suppress, in onlcr that money 
lent may be recovered trom the pmijert^ and not 
from the persons of the debtors: following herein 
the will of the Imperial Deity." - - - The foUnw- 
mg is also worthy of notice : • - " Many persons 
have thought proper rather to remain deprived nf 
their just possessions, having spent more than 
their value, from the custom of briuguig the 
same actions before e»'ery court of emjuiry ; and 
I make the same decree respecting^ private ac- 
tions : that if auy thing has lieen tried and dis- 
missed, or Sliall be dismissed, by the judge 
appointed to ti7 private causes, it shall no longf r 
be lawful for the plaintiefto i^new his suit, or to 
try the cause again : and whoever acts to the 
contrarv, shall be fined without excuse ; fi>r there 
will be bo end of informations, if causes which 
have been dismissed are brought forward agaiu 
continually, until the culprit be condemned j and 
the dty having already become almost uninha- 
bited, ou accouut «f the multitude of iuformers, 
and eveiT family being disturbed by them, I per- 
emptorily command, that if any one bnngs an 
action on his own account, and ^ves an informa- 
tion upon suspicion, in conjunction with another, 
he must bring forward the person from whom 
the information is obtained, in order that this 
person may not be exemptfirom responsibility." - - 



of each, evidently for the purpoae of cob- 
taining a Mumm^, and which, from the frag- 
ments and wrappings thatlay scattered about, 
had probably been ransacked for the sakesf 
plunder. 

" It is therefore obvious that these baild. 
ings formed a cemetery to the town whidi 
stood near or about the temple of £1 Carit^, 
and were subsequently used for sacred por. 
poses by the Christian inhabitants, ortti 
later period, as places of retreat ^ th«a 
when penccnted by the Mohammedaiif. 

" I should imagine these sepulchres toke 
of Roman construction at an early periwi, 
since it is generally believed that the ptM- 
tice of embalming was gradually dUoontiuHd 
in Egypt after the extension ot Christianity ; 
but among the various receptacles for tke 
remains of the dead, from the stopendoii 
pyramid to the mdest cavern, I know of nooe 
existing or recorded, at all correspon4iig 
with them in shape and I4>p«*mnce. Cod- 
sidering them therefore as bi|bly cniiou 
from their structure, as well as unique of 
their kind, I sincerely hope that any future 
traveller who ma^ c^me here, will parttcubtrly 
direct bis attention to them, and that more- 
over he will be able to do whatwecoald not, 
make faithful transcripts of the insert pticos." 

Sir A. E. bestows a curious iB<][iMry into 
the opinions of ancient authors, ot Aribiu 
writers, and of modern authorities, into the 
general relations concerning the Oaaes ; and 
we are sorry that we can only find room to 
refer to this investigation from tierodotnt, 
Strabo, Plinv, and Ptolemy, thronsh Abol- 
^da, Edrissi, Sic. to Hartmaan and-Beizooi. 
Tlio Great Oasis appears to be that against 
which the memorable expedition of Canbyses 
proceeded ; and all these places seem to 
have been known to the Koasans, by whom 
they were used as the Siberia or Biotany Bay 
of onr times for the baoisbmeat of offenders 
against the State. The Poet Juvenal «ru the 
first celebrated person so sentenced, foe a 
satire displeasing to the Emperor Doaiitiaa. 
The famons Heresiarch Nestorint, (a.». m) 
was another exile to the Oasts. 

We have only to add, that we entertain 
considerable donbts as to the propriety 'of 
calling that a Banquet of Osiris at El Cargf, 
which the author so denominates, bnt wbich 
\ve suppose to be an offering, or sacrifice. 
SeverAI lithographic Print* and a aKght Map 
tend to illnstrate this book, of which we<re- 
peat our warm approbatioih 



Nigel; or, TheCnmn Jtuxfa. A Pby, in fUe Atlt. 

Londop 18SS. 
In onr criticism upon this piece as acted, we 
expressed aa opinion that it fell far teo short 
of its model, the Men eoaudg, toxome iairiy 
into comparison with the esteemed eMana- 
tionsofsnperiorinteileetwhichwe noder&tand 
by the reference. As a published Play, wbile 
we repeat that sentiment, we are nevef tii eless 
bound to say that it poasesse* many food 
qualities, both positive and negative. Aotong 
the latter, we may particniarly itintioa the 
absence of trickery, inflation, and toUhigs 
after artificial effect, or point in style : aeaong 
the former, we may enumerate the •▼•■ and 
natural conduct ot^ the incidents, and aot a 
few passages of mind and figoar in tb* di»- 
logne. Of these (having under onr draantic 
head, last week, detailed the plot, dec. wfaieb 
absolves nt ihtm the task now,) we aliall pro- 
ceed to offer some esample* to IBmtfate tke 
author's talent^ 



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S£^^^ 



JOURNAL OF THE BELLES LETTRES. 



Description of a Barber : 
The liarber ! He's your muter piramount ! 
He clijK the proudest ; makes the bravest bleed ; 
Comes, u the Gaul of old strode up the senate, 
And plucks the grey patrician by the chin : 
Nor deith, nor mighty lore, more univerul : 
For every throat be has his weapon biired. 
And 'twiit Ilia thumb and finger fliu the breath 
Of til men's nostrils : Scand^lum of him 
Must be a piamunire. at the least. 

His babiution, " by Paiil't wharf," he says, 
- - - - \o6ki airy out — ships all alive — 
The couttiers to and fro upon the river, 
Beiwiit Whitehall and Greenwich, as the Court 
Shifts : — Always see the courtien icitk tlu Ode, 
Saving your lordship's preaeoce. 
ASliter's wooing: 

Marg, This i* not for my bearing, [thousand 
Skuitr. Yes, by my soul, it is! To that first 
Add thousands more, and thousanda yet to those, 
I'm unexhausted still — nay, lend your ear — 
Whatever gold can buy, that woman covets, 
As what will gold not buy, I can bestow. 
And imU, on thee. I've liv'd a life of yains, 
. Lfot at Urge usaoce—batten'd oo th' estates 
Of predial great men— there's not a manor 
Of tbeir inbaritance, but I've my mongage 
Under the surface, waiting like an earth()uake. 
Its tiiae to swallow all! But my broad gold. 
All my huge heap*, lie dark as in the mine, 
T31 the meridian of those sunny eyea 
Staioe on the ore, and bring it forth to light. 
Xirg. You wrong youiself and me, Sir. 
Shmr. Wrong yw f no. 
For yon, I'll wroqg all else— do any thing •••safe. 
To please, to tempt, to buy, to bribe your love. 
YoD aball hare pageantry —a cloud of servants. 
To if bafore your thoughts— a glare of lights, 
"Diacahall make noon a shadow— carriages — 
Baoijueta — such coaches, as the cygnet's down 
Whne a hatah type of. There are jewels, too. 
My eastern treaaory— vpoils of gorgeous queeoi, 
. ftso tbair far jlitt ring tqioos — tbocuatedt -hare 
then— 
Pauls, like a galaxy, thick sown about thee. 
And starry iliamonds, whose bright comtellation 
Woald make a firmament. 

Marg. Ill hear no more. 
WitboDt ! {calling tawarda tht anti-ekamber.) 

Sktar, So cold, so scornful ! it may cost thee 

Some burning tears, if thus I quit thee, mistress ! 

M»rg. On any terras avoid me ! 

Sktur, Be it so — 

I take thee at thy word. The rock that seem'd 

To spring a fountain here, (ttrikiag Us breast) 'u 

clos'd again, 
And I'm once more myself. [Rt-enter Bridget.'] 

Marg. (To her) You're well returned. — 
A sctiv ncr ! 



We next copy a neat and novel simile by 
Nigel: 

..:....'... You never 
Can hold this life. Lord NigeL Poor you are 
In all but your rich blood ; which blood, so rich, 
Being indulged, iloth make men to be poor ; 
And your poor lord, like to a stately ship. 
Wanting the wind, that should make Susb her sails. 
Lies logged, for lesser craft to mock in passing. 

The following observation, by the same, on 
a scurvy jest made by. a ruffiad on leaving 
Martha with her father's corse and tiiin, is 
of the same stamp : 
Pestilent ribaldry. 

Unquenchable as the Greek fire, will flash 
Amid the very damps of death itself! 

Again, Nigel (uu his defence agaiiutstrong 
snapicion,) 

Meanwhile, then, my past life 
Shall bo my surety: for, in lib'ral judgments^ 
Good name is still ihe wearer's amulet 
Against crude calumny ; and with a sweet 
And saving fragrance, like the balms o' th' East, 
Wards the rank breath of malice. • - • 

We cannot separate single lines to show 
bow they strengthen the dialogne, but two 
are worth giving os'axioms : the first, when a 
villain resolves on a desperate night enterprise. 
For darkness is the dawn of brave man's fortunes. 
(a troly hrave man seeks the light :) and the 
last, an ailvicc to a latly when given in mar- 
riage alter she appeared in male disgnisc : 
When you put on the wife, put off the breeches. 

With these brief iiotanda we mnat doae 
our accoaut of tlie civumendahla in Nigel ; and 
we wish we bad not to add any notice of an 
opposite kind — but we must say that a good 
deal of its blank verse is not verse at all, 
and some of it vulgar. 

Bridget, ..---- Isay,J6hn, 
Who was it told you of my pretty face 1 

Strap. Such as could little judge, be sUre of that 
Corner Sracsless madam, find some othair haunt 
Than this apartment. 

Bridg. Well don't madam suf 
I've done no harm. 

Straji. That's as may be : it looks 
Cursedly Uka it. 



But we have done. In our criticjiie we ae- 
ctdentally omitted to mention With praise 
Fawcett's characteristic Barber ; and to inr 
quire into the Cut Bona of Skonrlie's rascallr 
advancement of the band of bis clock ii 
order to accelerate tbe forfeiture of Nigel's 
Bond , — a work of supererogatory rognery, 
as it shoald seein, since the payment was re- 
gulated by St. Dunstan's clock, and not by 
the scrivener's timepiece. 



Skanr. But whose riches are nobility ! 
I read yojr childish heaa — read fur whose s.ike 
The goldsmith's niecediidainsthe untitled scriv'uer. 
Let her, and let the lord she doacs on, pay for't ; 
One vice, at least, of noble pedigree [gcaiice ! 
The low bom scriv'ucr feeds — the liut of ven- 

Tbe language, it may be observed, is much 
too elevated for die character, but it is euer- 
tttic and poetical. The lady's love for ano- 
ther (Nigel) is also prettily expressed. 

3tiiX- {oloin) If James refuse me ? O, no un- 
kind douHt 
Shan glance its shadow on my springing hope. 
That, Elte a sunflower, turns her to the light, 
Aqd blofsoms there. Set fairly, then, s,)ft gjles, 
Upon love's path to-morrow ! clear the film 
From the blue eye of Heav'n.and in all bosoms 
Brcitbe light and gentle spirits : that kind nature 
May move in my appeal, and high -wrought great- 
Behi to £ivoor and sweet clemency ! [ness 



Bridg. But, sirrah! 
There will be ways to pay you off; and if 
I don't, and soon, saving my own good credit. 
Say there's no spirit in woman. 

[Ht afprouehu htr^ Ai Kitamt. 
Gah ! don't lay 
Your ord'n'ry paws on me ! 

Strap. Bubble and squeak! 

But then; are allusions still more obnox- 
ious* to good taste (which we will not cite :) 
the ancient dramatists wrote impurely, be- 
cause their age was not sufficieutly refined 
todislike the expression of iuiinodcst thoughts 
in plain tenus; but the modern dramatist 
olTuuds when he uses aiich langnage as passes 
between Bridget and Margaret, pages 63, 04, 
or as is employed by Dalgnrno, p. 71, though 
less improper than as originally delivered. 
The apology, it is true, may be that the 
author was representing the age of James I. — 
we do not hold it to be satisfactory. 

In the style we observe many inaccuracies, 
and an anomalons mixture of Scotch, calcu- 
lated to corriiiit the English language. " I 
mind " and " I'm thinking," are but types of 
this blemish ; and what shall we say of the 
following i 

Strap. Will you say [where f 

Here's not, e'en now, a hidden petticoat some- 

A'igel. TTiere's not, I vow— no petticoat at all. 



Perindfeo Trunestrr, intftulailii Variadaies; o JUiso- 
sagero de Londres. Enero, de 1623. Acker- 
mann. 

This is the first Number of the Spanish Ma- 
gazine which we recently mentioned as among 
the forthcoming novelties in literature. Its 
printupal paper* are ascribed to Mr. Blanco 
White, and we need hardly add that the^ 
display both' information and talent. A life 
of Bolivar, Letters on England, ancient Pro- 
vencal Poetry, and other literary and histori- 
cal matter, together witli embellishments not 
sparingly taken from otiier sources ofAckei'- 
mann's, foiTii an interesting miscellany, not 
only &r the readers ef Spanish in tliis country^ 
but for circulation in Spain and her late 
colonies, especially lit (be latter. 

Of such a publication it is not necessary to 
give any specimens; but as some of our 
readers may be aroiised witb seeing Shake- 
speare in a Spanish dress, we shall transcribe 
Hamlet's famous soliloquy, "To be or not to 
be," as it appears here translated into that 
language. 

Ser no ser — he aqui la grande duda. 
; Qual es mas noble ? (- Presentar el pccho 
De la airada fbrtuna a las saetas, 
O tomar armas contra un mar de axares 

Y acabar de una vex ? — Morir — Dormiise — 
Nada mas — y escapar con solo un sueno 
A este dolor del alma, al ciuaiue etkmo 
Que es la harenda del hombre en est vida — 
Hay mas que apetecer ? — Morir — Doimirse— 
iDormir !— tal ves aeoaf — Ai asti el dafio. 
Porque quien ube los horribles suefioa 
Que puMlen aaocar en el sepnicco 
Al infelice que se abrio camino 

De entre el tumulto y confiision del mundo ? 

A este rexelo solo, a este yiiiea ttbt 
Debe su largx vida la deagraciS. 
Si no I quien tolerara loa reveser 

Y las burlas del tieinpo .' — ^ la iniusticia 
Del opresor, y el ceno del soberbio ?— 

; Las annas de un amor menospiedado .'— ^ 
(■ La dilacion de la justl(ia ? — ; el toiio 
E insolente deaden de los empleos ?— 
Los desayres que el merito sufridd 
Tiene que devorar — quando una daga 
Siempre esta prouta a darle pasaporte 

Y sacailo de afan ?— ; Quifn sufiria 
Sobre an cnello el peso que to agovia 
Gimiendo, ijadeando, bora traa bora 
Sin ver el fin, a no ser que el rexelo. 
De batlar que iu> concluye en el sepalcro 
La penosa jomada — que aun se extiende 
A limites incognitos de donde 

Nadie volvio jamas — confiinde al alma 

Y hace que sufra males conocidos 
Por no arrojarse a Ins que no conoce ? 
Esta vox interior, esu condencia 
Nos hace ser cobardes : ella roba 

A la resolucion el sonrosado 
Coliw nativo, hictendola que cobre 
La enferma paUdex del miramiento ; 

Y las empresas de mas gloria y lustre, 
Al encontrala, tuercen la corriente 

Y se eraporas on proyectos vanos. 



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ARXaO S (FREVCIMEr *) VOYAGE. ' 

As we have on)y allowed two short Papers 
to this Qnarto, we are in hopes that another 
tnrn will not be thought too mncb. In con- 
clnding onr last, we spoke of M. Arago's 
»Utl as a draughtsman. In this respect he is 
really cleTer, and his drawings of native 
(cenes and people, the most; striking seen 
by bim, impart the chief valne to his work. 
Tliey are executed with a skilful and facile 
band ; and present, in their engraved state, 
a aninber of remarkable ol^ects to the eye. 
It would hardly be consistent with oar plan 
to give an exemplification of this, by copying 
oae of his portraits, (because, though we like 
to. illustrate, we are afraid of being converted 
into a picture-book ;) but we are tempted to 
exhibit, in wood, a curious specimen of the 
literature of the Caroline Islanders. Tlie 
following potations may introduce the sub- 
ject: 

" The InhabitantH of the Carolines have no 
characteristic physiognomy : each individual 
differs from all the rest ; every thing varies 
in them, even the' colour of tlieir skin ; gene- 
rally, however, their features express good- 
ness, and inspire yon with confidence. They 
•mile with such grace that they appear like 
great children, to whom evenr novelty is an 
amusement. ' They are supple and active, 
swim like fish, and keep their head almost 
always nndcr water, which is much less 
fatiguing to them than it-wonld be to ns. Hie 
bodies of the chiefs are tattooed in a very 



elegant manner, bnt the operation must have 
caused them a great deal of suffering ; the 
heads, hands, and feet, however, are ex- 
exempted. . . - " " 

, " AH the natives of the Carolines have their 
ears pierced, and they enlarge tlic bole witli 
a fish-bone ; but as, from their earliest in- 
fancy, they wear considerable weights sus- 
pended in tlieni, the cartilage at times de- 
scends as low as the shoulder : Bnffbn sup- 
poses, that, wearing no clothes, they used 
this method to preserve their most valuable 
effects. It was necessary for me to see this 
before I was convinced of its truth. All the 
presents which we made the Carolinians, of 
nails, small knives, and fish-hooks, (and these 
objects possess great value in their estima- 
tion,) thty put Into the holes of their ears, 
tying tliem with a knot or two to keep them 
fast. - - - All the inhabitants have very black 
hair, which, being constantly rnbbed with 
lemon-jnice, acquires a lustre that onr co- 
quett.es would no doubtappreciate very highly. 
- -'- I have before told yon of the intelligence 
of these people, so little removed from a state 
of nature. I shall now give you an example. 
It is a copy of one of their letters, written to 
M. Martinez, at Rotta, who had commissioned 
a Tamor of SathmiiU to send him some shells, 
promising him in exchange a few pieces of 
iron. The Captain gave him the sheet of 
paper. Here is the letter ; the original is in 
mv possession, and is in red diaracters, of 
which the following is an accurate fac-simile. 




that, with weapons apparently so little for- 
midable as those of the savages of this past 
of New Holland, battles womd not be vc^ 
fatal, and quarrels soon appeased. But io 
this we shonld be strangely mistaken ; for 
here a single combat never ends but with the 
death of one of the antagonists, and general 
engagements conclude with the total exter- 
ratnanon of one of the parties. 

" The grounds of hostility are in general 
the theft of a beast of' prey, or some other 
object of little value ; or still more frequently 
the cnlpable want of prudence in Enropeans, 
who give the savages, in exchange for the 
skins of serpents or other animals, a few bot- 
tles of spirits, that produce a surprising effect 
on these poor creatures. 

" Scarcely do the intoxicating fiimet 'get 
into their heads, when they breathe* notbiog 
bnt battle, and shout fordt their war cries. 
Impatient for murder, they seek antagonists, 
provoke them by ferocious songs, and de- 
mand death in the hope of inflicting it. They 
find but too readily tlie opportunities tiny 
provoke; amd their war-whisop is answered 
by whoopings not less terrible. Than tbe 
combatant*, drawn np in two lines, perhaps 
twenty steps from each otiier, thrcateii ma- 
tually with their long and pointed spears, 
launch them at their adversaries with won- 
derful strength and dexterity, and finaify 
attack each other with ponderons and for- 
midable clnbs. Limbs are fractured, bones 
smashed, sknlls laid open : no exclaiaatioa of 
pain escapes from these ferocions bnrtes : the 
air reaoMids only with frightful vodferatiMM. 
He who falls withont having fosmd a victim, 
dies rather of denpair, than fwmm the hurts be 
ha* received ; and the w at iti i i who has laid 
low a tiew enemies, soon e x pire s witheat 
regretting the loss of Kfc." 

Onr author indulges in some reOectiaa* 
against the English, for iwt checking these 
disorders: those who know'' the' great mad 
unceasing exertions of oar camntrf^tt^etmj 
amelieration into every quarter of^the gMtf, 
must feel the falsehood and injustice of (he 
impnlation. His book is amusing, bat has 
little useful information, and is disgraced by 
what we shall only call French frivoliQr aad 
licentiousness. 



The fignre at the top of tbe letter was placed 
there as the bearer of compliments ; tbe marks 
in the column on the lefV hand, indicate the 
tort of shells the Carolinian sent to M. Mar- 
tinez. In the column on the right, are placeil 
the objects wbic^ be desired in exchange, vix 
three large fishing-books, four small ones, 
two pieces of iron of the shape of axes, and 
two pieces a little longer." 

This curiously-expressed request was gra- 
tified, and many handsome shells obtained in 
return. 

Of the Sandwich Islands it is stated, 
" The punishment of death is inflicted here 
in various ways ; and as if suffering was re- 
garded as nothing, they begin by subjecting 
the criminal to a torty -eight hours' fast. This 
wholly differs from the system of the Brasi- 
lian tribes, who, previous to punishing, in- 
dulge their prisoners of war with every 
pleasore which can make them regret the 
loss of life. Here, as soon as the two days' 
fast is terminated, they conduct the criminal, 
^und, to a morai, at the door of which the 



jkM/raAxro ■cxeztcss. 



high-priest is in wdlting for him, and pro- 
nounces a certain formula, tbe meaning of 
whicli I have not been able to ascertain. Two 
or three persons then lay tbe criminal down 
on a piece of wood, placing his head on a 
stone; whilst the executioner, who is chosen 
indiscriminately from among the most ath- 
letic of the spectators, dispatches him by a 
violent blow on the forehead, with a dob. 
His body is either interred immediately, or 
left to the birds of prey, according to the 
will of tbe priest, or the nature of the crime. 

" Anotlier mode is, — the criminal is fixed 
with his back to a cocoa-nut tree, and 
strangled by two men, who pass a cord round 
his neck, and draw it with great force, sup- 
porting themselves by another tree at a short 
distance from the first. - - Very few person* 
attend these executions, aUhon;!b they are of 
rare occurrence. Paris is a civilbied place, 
Owliyhee a savage island ! " 

The following relative to New Holland is a 
vivid picture of uncivilized man: 

" At the first thonght we' might suppose. 



Mechanics: NeaPtrmmmLixk, — Mr.Geor^e 
Forrest, gtiomakcr, of Jedburgh in Scotland, 
has made an ingenious improvement on the 
Percussion Lock. The chief advantages df 
his invention are, that the sportsman, before 
setting ont, is en ibled to supply priming tor 
eighty discharges of a double-barrelled gun ; 
that the pxplokions are certain, the lock easily 
kept clean, and not exposed to damp ; and 
above all, perfect security against accident 
by the bursting of the magazine. Tlie priimng 
used is the same as in For!>yth's patciit, ns- 
S parts oxymnrlatc of potash, 1 lulphnr, and 
1 charcoal. •^—— 

Perfumet a Pnctntiee agalnU M'ttUixat. — 
Dr. MacCulloch, of Edinburgh, has pablished^ 
a paper in the Philosophical Transactions ot' 
that city, in which he points ont that all es- 
sential oils possess the property of preventiog 
the growth of mould. His observations are 
of such general utility, that wc copy (heoa 
into onr more popularly-circnlated pages for 
the public benefit: 

" Ink, paste, leather, and seeds, are amon* 
the common articles which suffer from tbia 



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emettnil to whkfa tba remedy U easily ap- 
pttdble. With respect to article* of food, 
iidi u bread, coM loeats, or dried fish, it ii 
leM etty to apply a remedy, on acconnt of 
the tiMe. Cloves, however, and other spices 
wtme Barenrs are (tratefnl, may sometimes 
ke aied for this end ; and that they act in 
Mnseqneoeeof this principle, and not by any 
pariicaiar antiseptic virtue, seems plain, by 
Ikeir preventing equally the growth of those 
■iMte cryptogaroous plants on ink, and other 
nbstances not of an animal nature. 

"The effect of cloves in preventlof the 
naaldioessin Ink, is inii^ generally known ; 
■nd it is obtained in the same way by oil of 
UTCoder, ia a very minote qsantity, or by 
say other of the perfumed oils. 

"To preserve Leather in the same manner 
fron this effect, is a matter of great impor- 
tiaoe, partienlarly in military store-honses, 
«kere the labour employed in cleaning bar- 
teu and shoes is a cause of considerable ex- 
peace, and where much injnnr is occasionally 
nstaiaed from this cause. Tlie same essen- 
tial oils answer the purpose, as far as I have 
kad an opportani^ of trying effectually. The 
dieapest, of coarse, should be selected ; and 
it woald be necessary to try oil of turpentine, 
ttt this reason. The total interruption of all 
■y parsuits ha* hitherto prevented roe from 
carniag these trials as far as I intended. 

"It is a remarkable confirmation of this 
drcoantance, that Russian leather, which is 
perfumed with the tar of the birch-tree, is 
mt sabjcct to moaldioess, as must be well 
kaown to all who possess books tbns bound. 
They even prevent it from taking place in 
tkose boo|n bound in calf near to which they 
ksppea to Ke. This fact is particularly well 
kao^ to Russia merchants, as they suffer 
kales of this article to lie in the Loudon 
docks in the moat careless manner, for a great 
l«a(th of time, knowing well that they can 
*artii»'ao injury of this nature from damp- 
am, whereas common enrried leather re- 
mire* to be opened, cleaned, and ventilated. 
Colleetors of books will not be sorry toiearn, 
tkat a (tw drop* of any perfumed oil will en- 
sure their libraries from this pest." 

Dr. M. began aoroe expermients with the 
MRM agent* on wood, to prevent lAe dry rot, 
bat no( having time to carry them on, he re- 
cmwaends the important investigatioa to 
•tbrrs. With regard top>ite,he prefers rosin 
to aliHB as a preservative ; but lavender, or 
any other strong perfume, such as pepper- 
■iat, anise, bergamot, are perfectly effectual 
ibr years, however the paste is composed. 
That whifch the Dr. himself employs in label- 
ling, 4cc. is " made of flour in the usual way, 
bnl rather thick, with a proportion of brown 
ingar, and a small quantity of corrosive snb- 
limate. The use oi the sngar is to keep it 
flexible, so a* to prevent its scaling off from 
Mieol li Kirfaces ; and that of the corrosive 
snbbmate, independently of preserving it 
from insects, ii an effectual check again*t its 
firmMOtation. This salt, however, does not 
prevent die formation of mouldiness. But 
as a drop or two of the essential oils above 
awatioaed is a complete security against this, 
all the caoses of destruction are effectnally 
gaarded against. Paste made in tliis manner, 
and exposed to tbe air, dries witlioiit change 
to a state resembling horn ; so that it may 
at any lime be welted again, and applied to 
Bae. When kept in a close-covered pot, it 
may be preserved in a state for use at all 
times." 

He proceeds. " This principle seems also 



applicable to tlie preservation of seeds, par- 
ticularly in cases where titey are sent from 
distant countries by sea, when it is well 
known tliat they often perish from this cause. 
Dampness, of course, will perform Its office 
at any rate, if moisture is not excluded ; yet 
it is certain, that the growth of the vegetables 
which constitute mould, accelerate the evil ; 
whether by retaining moisture, or by what 
means, is not verv apparent. This, in fact, 
happens equally in the case of dry rot in 
wood, and indeed in all others where this 
cause operates. It is a curious illustration 
of tbe truth of this view of a remedy, that 
the aromatic seeds of all kinds are not snb- 
jrct to mould, and that their vicinity prevents 
it in others with which they are packed. 
Tbey also produce the same effect daily, even 
in animal matters, without its being suspected. 
Not to repeat any thing on the subject of 
cookery, I need only remark, that it is com- 
mon to pnt pepper into collections of insects 
or birds, without its having been remarked, 
that it had the same power of keeping off 
mould, as of discouraging or killing the ptimm 
wxaiwriii, or other insect* that commit ravages 
in these cases. 

" In concluding these hints, I might add, 
in illustration of tiiem, that gingerbread and 
bread containing carraway-seeds is far less 
liable to mouldiness than plain bread. It 
will be a nutter worthy of consideration, bow 
far flonr might be preserved by some project 
of this kind." 

We cannot conclude tlicse extracts without 
expressing our thanks to Dr. MacCiillocli, and 
to all philosophical inquirers, who thus tnrn 
their scientilic acquirements to snbjerts of 
great practical utility in the common concerns 

of life. — . 

Seienlific and Littrarg Tranlt. — Profctsor 
Nevi has been employed 1^ the Emperor of 
Russia to make researches in the steppes of 
Independent Tartary, and to examine tbe 
course of the Oxns, and the towns of Balk 
and Sarmacand. Tlie expedition will extend 
perhaps as far as tlie Lake Saltan. Ambas- 
sadors have been previously sent to prepare 
the way in these ooutitries, which are so little 
known'; and there is reason to think, that at 
least much geographical knowledge will re- 
sult from the expedition. 

That publie<«pirited nobleman Count Ro- 
manzoff, who fitted out at his own expense 
tbe expedition under Kotzebuc for circum- 
navigating the globe, has sent out travellers 
to cross the- ice from the eastern coast of 
Asia to the western coast of America. 

Professor Rask, of Copenhagen, the 
antlior of an Icelandic and Anglo-Saxon 
Oranimnr, has been for some time studying 
Sanscrit at St. Petersburg, with the view of 
proceeding to the Uirnian empire, to study 
the Pali language, and the sacred books of 
tlie Buddhists. He proposes to inquire into 
the origin of the languages of the north in 
tbe mountains of Caucasus. 

M. Sieber, a Bohemian naturalist, who 
travelled in Egypt and Si^ria in 1817 and 
1818, is about to perform a journey in Abys- 
sinia. 



Kings known with lunonr to posterity far 
beyond tbe fame of victories or conquests. 
We therefore abstain from praise ; — it is its 
own eulogy. We have only to add, that a 
nnmcrons Meeting (sixteen) of the Trustees 
of tbe British Museum was held upon the 
snbfect of the disposition of this princely Gift 
last Monday, at which the question was ad- 
Jonmed for further consideration. Upon tbis 
issue vrfll depend tlie advice for incorpora- 
tion with the National Library, or for a sepa- 
rate Establishment under the same direction. 
(Cepg.) 

Dear Lord Liverpool, 

Tbe King my late revered and excellent 
Father having formed, during a long series of 
years, a most valuable and extensive Library, con- 
sisting of about One buodted and twenty tliouaaad 
VolumiES, I have resolved to present tliis Collec- 
tion to tlie British Nation . 

Whilst I huru the satisfaction bv this means of 
adrancini; the Literature uf my Country, I also 
feel thatl am paybigaiusttribntetotbe uiemury 
of a IHirent, whose life was adorned with e\ cry 
public and private virtue. 

I desire to add, that I have ireat pleasure. 
My Lord, in making this communication through 
you. Believe me, with great regard, 

Your sincere Friend, 

(Signed) G. R. 

Parilion, Brighton, Jan. 15, IBZi. 

Tlic Lord of Liverpool, K.G., &c. &c &c. 

Tlic Royal Library in Paris contained in 
1791 only 150,000 volumes ; it now contains 
above 450,000. In 178S it contained only 
2700 portfolios of engravings ; it now con- 
tains 5700. Its annnal increase consists of 
6000 French and 3000 foreign works ; so that 
there is reason to believe that in fitly year* 
the literary and scientific ricbes of this mag- 
nificent establishment will be doubled. 



HIS LATE majesty's UBRARY. 

In our last we noticed the annexed pa- 
triiitic and generous Letter of His Majesty 
to Lord Liverpool, and have now much plea- 
stn-e in laying it before our readers. It 
records one of those Royal acta which make 



Oxford, Jan. as.— On Wednesday last the 
following Degrees were conferred :-«' 

Bachehr in Civil Law,—}. W, Knapp, Fellow of 
St. John's College. 

Matttn tf ilrtt.,— G. F. Thomas, Scholar of 
Worcester CoUege ; R. W. Jelf, Felhiw of Oriel 
CoUege ; F. Bryans, St. Edmund Hall ; J. Wiot- 
tesley, Esq. Chria Church ; Havilland Durand, 
Scholar of Pembroke College. 

Baehtlon of Artt, — Evelyn Basalgette, Balliol 
College ; J. Huyshe, Braseonoae Collage. 

Cambriimib, Jon. S4.— Saturday la*t, liehig 
Bachelors of Arts' Commencement, the fol- 
lowing %t% gentlemen were admitted to that 
degree: 

Messrs. Chapman, Hume, and Maturin, King's 
College. — Messrs. Any, Allan, Andrew, Bialem, 
Buckle, Childen, Clandge, Drinkwater, Egrtmom, 
Field, Hanbury, Head, Hewlett, lliff, Kempsoo, 
Uoyd, Menteath,Methold, Moultrie, Myers, Parke, 
Paymer, Pearson, Peene, Petit, Phelps, Place, 
Rennell,Rickatts,Roroilly,Ro(hman,8andyB,Speer, 
Stnitt, J. Sumner, SutcliHe,Tate,Torriauo, Upion, 
Winning, Wrightaon, Wyndham and Yarke,Trinity 
College*. — Meaars. Aimitsttad, Bainbridge, Barber, 
Barringer, Bcnaon, Birth, Birkett, Bond, Boukbce, 
Bright, Brvan,S. Brown, Cane, Clay.Clive, Collins, 
CoUyer, Cooper, Crick, Fowlis, Fininklyn, Glover, 
Gray,Hamilton,Harknen,Harvey,Hayniea,Holl- 
way, Hooper, Houlditcb, Howarth, Ibbetton, 
Jaickaoo, JeiTreys, Junes, Lane, Lotwidge, Mason, 
Maude, May, Milner, Nunns, Pearte, Pitman, 
Pruen, Scott, Sealy, Seijeant, Skittoo, F. O. Smith , 
C A. J. SnUth, Stephenson, Stewart, WeUby, 
Wharton, White, Wilkinson, Willi* and Wilaon, 
St. John's College. — Messrs. Barton, Fisher, Hodg- 
son , Montgomery, Osbom, Palmer, Whitehuist 
and WiUiaros, St. Peter's College.— Meairs. Back- 



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THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AWD 



i$e, Chaplio, Dudley, Firmio, Foebrooke, Fizell, 
anett,Semple and Wing, Clare Hal], — Messrs. 
ike,Brindley,CarlyoniChealea,Currie,Doughcy, 
dan, Simpson and Willtanu, Pembroke Hall. — 
issrs. Ayre, Beauderk, Bortoa, Coffin, Cray, 
.rring, Lewis and Salmon, Caiua CoU.-7-Mestn. 
evor, Brett, Cbesnutt, Dicken, Gay, Gillham, 
:keU, Leapingweli, Mack, Manh, Moxon and 
wart. Corpus Chriati College.— Measrs. Clowea, 
imey, Marshall, Maaon, Moverley, Mudge, 
:holl^ Piper, Sandya and Webster, Queen's Cc41. 
issrs. Green, Hildyard, Knight, Poole, Richard- 
, Rusby, Serjeantson, I'aylor, £. Wilson and 
Wilaoa,Caliiarioe Hall.— Messrs. Bedell, Bee- 
, Carlea and Maude, Jesus College.— Messrs. 
rker, CoUs, Cubitt, Dod, Dorington, Foxton, 
ggs, Hallen, Heigham, Kerricb, King, Mayion, 
Uer, Oienden, Palling, PocMinjion, Rus-.ell 
1 Stoddart, Christ College.— ^Messrs. Bagshawe, 
cks, Maddy and Waring, Magdalene College. — 
!SSta, Blakision, Cory, Dtvarris, Foley, Gore, 
rper, Hopkins, Osborne, Pigots, Thorold and 
Ison, Emanuel Coll. — Messrs. Heigbam, Hine 
I Johnson, Sidney Sussex College. — Messrs. 
rdoD and Parker, Downing College, 
fan. 27.— Dr. Smith's Prizes to the two 
St proficients in Mathematics and Natural 
ilbsopby among the commencing Bachelors 
Arts, were tliis day adjudged to Messrs 
Bidden Airy, of Trinity College, and C 
Ireys, of St. John's College. 
rbe subject of the Seatouian PrJxe Poem 
the present year is — Ccmtliui. 
Vt a congregation on Wednesday, the foU 
fing gentlemen were admitted to Degree*: 
Wasters of Arf.~Rtv.T- Airey and Rev. F. D. 
npriere, of Trinity College. 
3achtlonp'Arl$.—i. Sumnar, of Trinity Coll. 
I A. Fiekhng, of Carpus Cbiisti College. 



face; third edition, little revised, not at all 
corrected, and augmented with numerous 
Non-entities." — "Versesin Praise of Minetto 
Battoni, the Pope's Cat, his Holiness's Com- 
panion, and tlie first Soprano of his little 
Concerts." — " Cataracts of the Imagination, 
Deluge of Scribomania, Literary Vomit, Ea- 
cyclopedic Hemorrhage, Monster of Mon< 
sters, &c."-r-" Songs, which ought never to 
Iiave been printed. 



X<Xm> AB.TS. 
The state of our foggy atmosphere has 
been so hostile to the view of Pictorial Exhi- 
bitions, that though we have freqnectly visit- 
ed, we shall not attempt to continue our cri- 
ticism on either the British Gallery or on 
Cooke's Drawings, &c. We had one sunny 
glimpse at each on Tuesday, and can only 
repeat that we found both very attractive. 



SIR JOHN LBICBSTER'I GALLERY. 

Wb learn with mnch pleasure that Sir John 
Leicester proposes to open his Gallery again 
in Spring. Whenever wo speak of the prO' 
gress of our Native School of Arts, oar 
tlionghts revert to this gentleman as their 
great and judicious patron, to whose impulse 
mnch of their improvement may be traced 



' tITERARY ANECDOreS. 

'n a book recently published by M. Bar- 
r, (die late librarian to the King's private 
raiy, and to the library of the Council of 
te at Paris,) called A Dictionary of anony- 
us and ertoneoualy-attriboted Work* in 
!Dch and I<atin, are a number of curious 
icdotes ; a f«w of which we subjoin : 
I good-natured censor of the pre** having 
d a translation of the Koran, put his Im- 
natur, " tliat he saw nothing in it hostile 
Thriilianily or good morals." 
^nis XIV. once condescended to assnine 
functions of a censor. It is true that it 
I ou the merits of a book of Madame 
Maintenon's, called "L'lBsprit de Tin 
ut del filles deSaint-Lquis" (the ladies of 
Dt-Cyr.) The royal approbation is ex. 
ssed in singularly suitable termsv viz. " I 
e read this treatise, which perfectly ex- 
ins the intentions I entertained in fonnd- 
the Maison de Saint-Louis. I heartily 
y to God that the ladies will never depart 
n them. (Signed) Lo«is." 
Lbcut the year 1673, a yonng nian of the 
le of Charles le Petit was detected print- 
profane and licentious songs. He was 
d, and although be bad powerful protec- 
>, be was actually burnt in the Place de 
ve. In this tragical event Boilcau could 
only a »ut{ject lor the following lines : 
V la fin, toys ces jeux que I'atheisme cl^e, 
<)nduisent tristement le plaisant 4 la Gr^e." 
di TUUKf Bodtt-r-" An Essay on the Na- 
i History of various Kinds of Monks, 
:ribed according to the system of Lin- 
a." — " Ah Enloginmon Something, dedi- 
d to Somebody." — "A Panegyric on 
hing, dedicated to Nobody, with a post- 1 tion on the shore. 



illuttratioia cf the Lnvet of tht Angeh. Engmvtd 

by C. XfntA,/nm Detigiu fry R. WataU, H.A. 
Thb publication of such finely executed Enr 
gravings as these, so speedily after that of 
Mr. Moore's Poem, completely reAites tlie 
adage, " the more haste the worse speed." 
Besides a vignette frontispiece, there are 
three subjects from the several stories, all 
done on steel, and in a highly finished style. 
The vignette is a soft and elegant represen- 
tation of woody scenery, with the hnman 
love of the third Angel appearing in the dis- 
tance, shedding light 

From a clear lamp which as it biased 

Across the brow of one, who raised 

The flame akift, &c. 
The gradations from flight to shadow are 
happily expressed, an'd the only fault we 
have to tind is tliat the female figure strikes 
the rye rather a* descending from air than 
as treading the earth. 

The first illustration is charmingly ma- 
naged, and does equal bononr to Mr. Westall 
and Mr. Heath. It is from the following 
verse — 

While thus I spoke, the fearful maid, 

Of me and of herself afraid, 

Had shrinking stood. 
The attitudes of tlie two figures are delight- 
fully conceived— the female face exquisite — 
and the draping, foliage, and ensemble, well 
imagined by the painter, and sweetly pre- 
served by this new medium of art. 

Tlie appearance of the second Angel on 
the shrink (engraved by E. Portbury) also 
displays the capabilities of the steel, but is 
not, as a design, so eutirely to our taste. 
Tlic celestial figure has not that grand ideal 
grace with which the Fancy clothes it ; and 
neither the right-lined altar, nor the wor- 
shipping form (especially from the waist 
downwards) are in a style to extort enthn- 
siastic admiration. Still it is a sweet picture. 

He saw upon the golden sand 

Of the sea-shore a maiden stand, 
is. the third and last of these plates. The 
An^el is reclining on a cloud, the mortal 
Being standing erect in a posture of devo- 



We have never beheld a more delidmis 

fiersonation of touching sentiment than in the 
atter : it is one of Mr. Westall's purest ima- 
ginings, and worthy of the gaze with which 
the heavenly visitant regards it. Ir} the exe- 
cutive part of this design great vovftrt ate 
inaniliest— the sea, sky, aim small portion of 
landscape, are allalikcforciMy.yet pleasingly 
given. It is calculated, we think, to confim 
the favourable opiuion of Engraving on Steel, 
where that metal can be employed advan- 
tageously in other respects. 

Vimt <f PktHru^ and Aneimt BaiUiiip fa 
f r<inf«. Drawn on Stone by Ward. No. I. 
London. Chater & Co. 
We rejoice to see the art of lithography be- 
come so generally and to usefully enlployed. 
Its application to the tcpresentation of^old 
buildings, ruins, and time-worn antiquities, 
are among the purposes for which it la best 
fitted. The soilness of its touch gives the 
mouldering forms of these structures with 
great fidelity ; and preserves their tone sad 
character even more correctly than the sharp 
touches of steel or copper, nnless most skil- 
fully, and in consequence very expensively 
executed. 

Wc have here four Views :— 1. The Com- 
mandery of a Temple at Crespy. *. Sub- 
terranean Hall in the Priory of Pierre-Footi. 
S. Gothic Tomb at St. Jean en 15oi<. And, 
4. Cilfstina do St. Pierre in the Forest of 
Compiegnf . They are all interesting sub- 
jects, and well treated with regard to the 
picturesque. Tlie Hall is the least success- 
fully finished; and we would recommend 
greater attention to tlie clearness of the 
drawings, as In this instance there is some- 
thing of blurring, whicli renders objects in- 
distinct; and there is no part, uf such a piece 
as tlie rich Gothic tomb, wliich it is not de- 
sirable to examine minutely la detail. 
Vieai in Smturlaa4. Lithography by Aglio. 

No. II. Chaier&Co. 
Of the firU Number of this work we spoke 
in terms of general approbation. The foar 
Views in the present Nnodyer are not only a* 
cleverly done, but more striking in them- 
selves. Two of tliem represent the Fairies' 
Grotto in the Canton of Vaud; and the last 
is an excellent print of the Castle of Prau- 
gins on the Lake of Geneva. The whole are 
pretty and pleasing ornaments for the port- 
folio. 

The Works ofAnUmio Camnxt. Engraved in Out. 

line by Henry Moses. Part II. London. 

S. Prowett. 
Of tlie first Part of this work we also spoke 
with praise. Mr. Moses' slight outlines con- 
vey a complete idea of Canova's scalpture. 
The Graces (Plate 11.) are however taken in 
a bad point of view, as the pedestal cuts 
awkwardly down the limb of one of tbe 
figures, and seems (where there is no ^er- 
Micctivc) to divide tlie ankle into a stripe. 
The Offering of the Trojan Matrons is highly 
classical, — the (inures diversified, and tbe 
whole well expressed. — Monument of 0. Vol- 
pato is a simple bust of the artist's esteemed 
friend, and an eminent engraver. A wreath 
of flowers is thrown over it, not in the be»t 
taste ; while a sweet female form ofFrimmUii 
is seated, mourcing for the dead. The com- 
position is elegant. — A Cinerary Vane of the 
Countess Diede de Kiirstcahcim is also ele- 
gant, but does not display much imagination : 
our own Flaxman would have made a very 
superior thing of it. — ^The last engraving is a 



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JOURNAL OP THE BELLES LETTRES. 



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noUe antiqoe-lookiiie Bpst, inscribed Bea- 
trice, and «q ideal detini of the Beaoty im- 
■Kirtalized by Dante. It is really as if tlie 
li|» were ofienin^ to express 

" Soave ct giuu 
Con iDifUca voce in sua fivella," — 
the beaalifol sentiment* pat into them by tbe 
Poet. IFe admire this Bnst very much ; sad 
are well vicased to add, that the'Descriptions 
ia tlii* Number are a little less sentiiueo tally 
fine than ibote in its predecessor. 



Tbe French critics ^peak highly of four 
pictures at Paris, from tlie pencil of M. Do- 
ci», representing tbe Fine Arts, viz. Poetry, 
PriotinK, Scniptnre, and Music, nnder the 
detvioioD of Love. Tbe siihjrrt of the 6rtt 
pictnre is Tasso readinz to tbe Princus, Leo- 
nora the Episode of Olindiis and Sophronia, 
Id order to intimate to her bis own passion. 
The second represents Vandyke, wlien a 
youtb, consniting a lovely girl, of whom be is 
rnamonrrd, on ihc composition Of a picture 
wkicb he has jntt commenced. In tbe third 
picture the nnhappy Propcrzia de Rossi, a 
telebrated female sculptor of Jlologna in the 
sixteenth ccntnrv, who died the Tictim of de- 
<pised love, is depicted exhibiting a bas-re 
fief (from ber own chisel) of tlie Abandon 
ment of Ariadne t6 a Roman Knight, who 
regards botli her grief and her performance 
wlthont emotion. IMary, Qneen of Scots, in 
her Palace at Holyrood, playing on the barp- 
sirbord tbe touching air of " Adieu to 
France," composed ibr her by Rlzzio, who 
accomi'BOics her on tbe theorbo, forms the 
Aibjcct of the fourth and last of these pro- 
ductions. 



OMtaXMAX, rOSTXlT. 

MKDAUJOII WAFERS. 

HC&O or TIKtMVt. 

Gtoricqa BiM ! 'Whose lyie was beard 
Amid the armed ring, 
Aa victocT were upon each woid 
And daatn on ertiy string— 
CSlorietit Bari ! to whom beleot 
Wfcatbs not often claimed by song, 
Those Imng round tbe warrior's shidd" 
Laurels fipsm the blood-red field. 
The sohBer cowered beneath bis tent. 
Hi* swecd ill rust, Iris bowimbent ; 
His (onndes, who bsd dared to die, 
Unbnried on the plain. 
And, jeered by mocking foemen nigh. 
He dared not launc again. 
The Baid took up bis butniog long ; 
Each bian beat high, each arm grew strong : 
He told them of the curte and shame 
That darken round the coward's name ; 
ToU bow the mother's cheek would bum 
To hear ber son bad fled. 
How the young maiden's sntle would turn 
To tears, ^ould it be said, — 
" Tbe wsT strength of thy lover's brand 
Is weaker than thine own fair hand ;" 
And proudly rung his harp while telling 
The falUn warrior's fame. 
When trumpet, shout, and song are swelling 
An glorious with his name. 
It was enough, — rach sword was out, 
. The mountains trembled in tbe shout 
Ofmen prepared like men to die 
F«r %arta and for victory ! 

tJKKHOirN FnsAU: bud. 
X know not ctAj bistpry, thou sad 
Yet himntifal hdi Girl : — ttie chemut braid 
Bound darkly round thy forehead, the blue vtiqn 
'Wandering in asnre light^ the ivory chin 



Dimpled so arclily, have no characters 

Graven by memory; but thy pale cheek. 

Like a white rose on which tbe sun bath looked 

Too wildly warm, (is not this passion's legeiid ?) 

The drooping lid whose b&h i< bright with teats, 

A lip which has the sweetness of a smile 

But not its gaiety — do not these bear 

Tbe searched footprints sorrow leaves in passing 

O'er the clear brow of youth ?— It may but be 

An idle thought, but I have dreamed tliou wcit 

A captive in ihy'hopelessness; afar 

From the sweet home of thy young infancy, 

Whose image unto thee is as s dteam 

Of 6re snd skugbier, I csn see thee wasting. 

Sick for thy native air, loathing the light 

And cheerfulneu of men ; thystlf ihe but 

Of all thy house, a stranger and a slave ! 

A Youth, vith a Lyrt in hii hand, hneelmg U> a 
Fpnali half tuning to him, at in the act of 
rtcancilialiiiyi. 
Yes ! I have siniied 'gainst lore and thee ; 

Both besrt and barp have been untrue : 
I cannot deem how they could lie 

Wakened by any one but you ! 
But my harp in the sunshine hung. 

And I was proud to wake tbe strings. 
And other hands than thine have dung 

Flowers and laurel offerings. 
Too dear I prist d those flatteries, 

And Iwwed me at an idol's shrine, 
And breathed in vanity tbe siijhs 

Which should have been thine, only thine. 
I pray thee pardon, for the sake 

Of my so long devoted strain ; 
1 pray thee pardon me, and take 

Thy truant to thy heart again ! 

HERCVLEg AND lOLB. 

She held the cup ; and he the while 
Sat gasing on her playful smile. 
As sH tl>e wine he wuhed to sip 
Was one kiss from her rosebiul lip. 
Half leaning to him, half withdrawn, 
Like one above the waters bending. 
And blushing like the maiden dawn 
Before the bridegroom sun's ascending — 
Tbe bead a little turned aside, 
Downcast tbe eyes, as if to hide 
Benesih their black fringe, abadotvy dim, 
'The glance which yet would steal to bim — 
Her hero love, I01.B stood. 
And the dark Chief bad washed tbe blood 
From his red hands, and thrown away 
His arms, which there all useless lay, 
As every tiophy that he sought. 
By time and toil and danger botigbt. 
Were won in winning woman's sigh — 
One ghnce firom her bewildering eye. 
His arms are round the graceful shape 
As if he feared it couU escape, 
Guarding like life what is >o dear- 
All this is lore's delicious (ear — 
And yet delaymg ere be presses 
That lip so soft, that cheek so bright, 
As tbo' the joy of those carcases 
Would, like the burst of sudden light, 
Be too much happiness. - - - There were 
Warfare and danger, toil and care, 
Even from earlint infancy. 
Hero of sorrows ! marked for thee ; 
But can they countervail the bUa* 
That lightens o'er an hour like this? 

LOVE SLEEPino BENEATH A PALM-TREE. 
Ab, ibis is ours ! that gentle Love 

^eping beneath the palm-tree's shade, 
Weaving tbe white wings of the dove, 
His bow, unbent, beside him Uid, 



Give me the Love that will not change, 

Tho' augbt and all were changed beside ; 
The Love that nothing can estrange, 

Wbate'er of weal or woe betide ; 
Fuced m one faith, vowed to one vow, 

Thro' every cbsnce and change of ill. 
Bearing with all Love meets below 

Of sorrow, yet devoted stilt '. 
It may have wings, but they must be 

Of colours 'm all lights the same. 
Like the moth's, hovering constaiitly. 

Even to death, around one flame. 
A star iliat shines forth night and day, 

A wreiith of spring and winter flowers. 
Emblem true love. And I may ssy. 

May I not, dear ! — " Such love is outs," 

L.E,L. 

lo our our Iwt, the title shseld nnt have b*ea Ihe 
CaM. but (lie Caiitt. 



BZOORAVBT. 

Under this title, time only allows ns to men- 
tion the death of a very celebrated lady : we 
altndc to Mrs. Arnb Raiicliffe, who tiicd at 
Pimlico yesterday morning. She bad been 
indisposed for about a month with a violent 
rold, which terminated in iiiflamniation, and 
took from Ibis life tbe mncb-admired author 
of (he Mysteries of Udolpho, and other worJM 



of imagination and eenins almost equally jw- 
pillar. Among the female ornaments of Etig- 
lish literalnre she will long hold one of the 



highest places ; and be rcnienihered as near 
tbe head of a School which has been the 
source of very giincral sympathy and delight. 
Mrs, ]{. was,' w« believe, between 6f^ and 
sixty years of a|^. 



•SSXOHS0 or •OOZSTT. 

THE DEATH OP tAtJKA BRACBMiJIN.* 

fiy Mr. MuUntr. 

The Sapplio-like death of Lolsla Brach- 
MAKH is nnforttuiatelv conArmed : her body 
has been found on tbe bank of the river Saale, 
in tbe neighbourhood of Oiebicbenstein, near 
the place called Mattbisonsrub. It i* pro- 
bable, however, that not tbe old Castle of 
Oiebicbenstein, bnt tlie Jiigerberg, close to 
Halle, was ber Leiicadian promontory. 

It was to be ibrvseen that the cause of her 
death would be sought " in an unhappy pas- 
sion." I am convinced that this is only a ball 
trotb. I do not think that it was an nnbappj 
love, bnt unhappy love m a gsiurai l aua I 
mean the disproportion between the ideaol 
love, formed by, a piwlioiil faninr, and tbe pool 
realities of actual life, was the cause of tM 
malady nnder which sin laboured. 

In the conrse of last year she left Web' 
senfels, as the declared bride of a young iom 
who bad more geniiu than riches. She tt» 
veiled with him to Vienna, and i»me bad 
in'tAoHt bim ; bnt this semiration did not seea 
to have had any bad effect upon ber nimi 
On tbe contrary, for some time after ber t$ 
turn, I tbongbt her more sensible and num 
witly tiiau ever. Only the periods i>f ithaill 
in love, usually darkened her iatcmal lighl^ 
the moments when tbe illusion waa diapelUj 
were tlie Ir.cid intervals of ber life, in whltj 
she felt herself tbe happiest, in strict cDit 



*1lie Poetess wboee writing* hare long b«| 
most gallantly celebrated by Iter adoiuiog coi 
temporaries, who gave lirr the n.ime of n 
German Sappho : tbe ioAueuce of a name xal 
perhapa be percdved in tbe deplorable manner I 
her death.— £(/. 



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THE LITERARY GAZETTE, AND 



formity with the promise of Jupiter to the 
Poet, in Schiller'* " Partition of the Earth :" 

..." Die Welt itt weggegeben 

Willit dn in meinem Himmel mit mir leben, 
So oft du koiDRist, du lolln willkommen teyn." * 
She seemed to be much more interested by 
the atnigele of the Greeks agaiust the Bar- 
bariaas, than by any thooghts of love ; and I 
liad reason to conjecture that a few sinjjle 
poems on this historical subject, which she 
had commiinicRted to me while yet un- 
finished, wonid end in the composition of a 
greater and valnable whole, in the same man- 
ner as, in a former similar period of composure 
of mibd, her " Oottexnrtheil" had arisen. 

At the latter end of August, ten thousand 
troops, of onrown country, were assembled in 
the city and neighbourhood, to practise mili- 
tary eTolntlons and manoenvres. Whether 
this image of war recalled to her mind a 
time (ten years ago, or more) when, amidst 
the general distress, her heart bad ibiiud 
^ys which could no more return ; or whether, 
in this hnsy period, her heart had received 
some new and poweriiil impression, the ob- 
ject of which she thought it her duty to avoid, 
as unworthy — whatever, in short, may have 
been the cause, she left the theatre of coun- 
terfeit war at the very beginning of Septem- 
ber, and went to Halle, where she had before 
this frequently found salutary relief in the 
bosom of two families of her friends. On 
tbi* occasion she fonnd both families so 
situated, that she had reason to apprehend 
that it might he inconvenient to them to re- 
ceive her. She mentioned this apprehension 
to the celebrated Mrs. Hendel-ScbUtx, in 
whose hospitable abode ^be was received in 
the most friendly manner. ' They observed in 
her a certain gloom, a suppressed internal 
conflict, but nothing hke nimtal alienation. 
One evening she was missed. They in- 

2uiied for her at the houses of her other 
riends, but die was nowbere to- be ibaml. 
' 'After an anxious night, she was brought 
hmne the following morning, accompanied by 
some officers of the police. Some persons had 
observed her, negligently dressed, walking 
up and down, and wafnging her hands, upon 
the banks of the strrkm. They approached 
her, to prevent what they supposed to be her 
intention. As she declined making any re- 
ply to all the questions they asked her, they 
firesmned her to be a lunatic, and gave her 
n charge to tlie police ; and in the watch- 
honae, overy attempt to induce her to give 
some acconnt of herself was equally frnitle.t.s 
— ibe month of the eloquent Novcltst is silent 
■a the tomb. Nothing remains but to take 
care of the supposed looatic for the ui^ihl ; 
and the bead ot the Poetess, weary of life, 
which in the eyes ot' the eirlightened part of 
the nation is crowned with laurel, sinks down 
in the bard bed of a watch-honsc ! Slumber 
at length restored her strength, which bad 
been exhausted by the internal conHirt be- 
tween life and death. On awaking, she names 
the bouse of Professor Schiitz as her abode, 
■ud is accordingly conducted thither. Her 
new friends are now sensible of the danger 
wliicb threatens the intellects and even tlie 
life of the Poetess. They are of opinion that 
tliis danger cannot be averted but by the 
care of friends, whom longer acquaintance 
and more confirmed intimacy would enable to 
probe thoroughly the secret disease of this 

• - - - The world is given away - - - 
If you will live with me, in my heaven. 
Whene'er you come, you shall be welcome. 



feeling heart. The patient, however, rejects 
every idea of returning home, as an absolnte 
impossibility. At length she accepts the pro- 
posal of Professor Schilling, to spend some 
time in his house, where his motlicr-in-law, 
one of the oldest, most intimate, and most 
respected friends of Lot; is.a, happened to be 
on a visit. Here she passed some days, silent, 
melancholy, fall of internal agitation; what- 
ever she siiys breathes discontent, not with 
the external world, butwitli the world within 
— depreciation of her talents, of her works, 
her reputation, nay, even of her heart ;— her 
whole being icems absorbed in one painful 
feeling, of having missed tlie object of her 
life. This is the secret power which silently, 
often slowly, but certainly, bnah the courage tu 
tire. 

On the 17th of September, in the evening, 
Louisa leaves the family-circle with every 
appearance of composure, and goes to her 
bcd-cbnmbrr. Soon after, they Icam froih the 
servants that she is gone out. They hasten 
to her room, find tlie dress which she has just 
thrown off, I'arewell-letters, lieqnests ! There 
is no doubt of the cause of her going oiu. 
Every exertion is made ; they go and send in 
all direclionn, in order, if possible, to over- 
lake their mentally-diseased fricuil, before 
she has executed her fatal purpose. In vain : 
nobody has seen Iter— no where is any trace 
of her to be found ; and it is not till the 23d 
of September that (he stream gives up the 
mortal covering of the immortal spirit. A 
stone, whirli she had fastened to her by means 
of her shawl, bad not proved heavy euougli 
to retain longer in the bed of the stream 
what she intended should never more be seen 
by human eyes. The perishable body wbidi 
that mind and that heart bad ennobled, was 
not destined lo moulder away without a tomb. 

Shall we call it madness that impelled her 
to such a deed i Shall, we found this opinion 
on the hislovy of hcr°7anth, which relate*s, 
that, when little more than a child, she pur- 
posely threw herself from a gallery two 
stories high i The earthly judse may believe 
in insanity in such cases ; " died like Sappbo " 
does'not stand in his book. I have kitown 
the Poetess for a quarter of a century, and 
found in her much error, it is trne, but oo 
madness. Thnt which threw her from, the 
gallery in her fourteenth year, was perhaps a 
lively poetical presentiment of that which in 
berlortieth (so old I imagine her to have beeu) 
weiahed licr down as melancholy reality : 
'■ Die Beitelarmuth all' dcs Mcnschenthums 
Der Sehnsucht eincr Seele gegeniibtr." " 

* The bcggarliness of all human pursuits 
Compared with the yearnings of a soul. 



I.BTTBRS PROM PARIS. 

Paris, Jan. 23, 1823. 
In the arts and in literature we have tliis 
week nothing new. There is indeed a large 
statue of Bayard by Uaggi, pluccd in the 
court of the Louvre ; it is destined for Gre- 
uoble, and represents the Chevalier when 
mortally wounded at the retreat of Uuolicc. 
Bayard supports himself against the trunk of 
a tree, and the hilt of his sword, which forms 
a cross, he holds before his face. By this ar- 
rangrmenl his fac; is too much concealed, 
and what is seen of it has more the air of a 
eapncin than the expression of a dying christian 
hero. But — the Imirte is every thing ; when 
they ace 80 — SO yon need not be surpris- 
ed tt literary depression. If you speak^of a 
poem, Fin du mois Is the reply; u you' ask 



about an expected work, A la baisie is the 
answer. • - - I had forgotten a very pretty 
publication, entitled htquiiua de la RemhUttn ; 
It is edited by M. Dulanre, author of the 
History of Paris which has bad so much 
success. Each livraisou has several well- 
executed ruts of the scenes of the Revoln- 
lion. — Las Cases' Memorial does not excite 
any thing like - the attention it wonId have 
dene in a calmer and duller season. All 
classes have their interests so mnch afivctrd 
liy living questions and agents, that deceased 
greatness and historic records arc forgotten. 
Hertrand's zealous disavowals of all tlie 
Napoleon piU'lirations receive various com- 
ments ; the truth is, that M. Montholon and 
he have differed on the subject. 

Jan. 29, 1823. 
It is feared Ibe war with Spain will seriously 
affect the interests both of writers and pub- 
lishers, Variousheavy works are commencing, 
or iu progress, from which public attentiou is 
likely to be diverted by great political agita- 
tions. The French are enriching their litera- 
ture by nnirierons translations and compila- 
tions fioni foreign, and especially from English 
works ; but I fear tliey are too hastily pro- 
jected and too rapidly executed to be a« cor- 
rect, as judicious, and as valnable as tbey 
might be, and as it is desirable for France 
they should be. They are, in general, mere 
nioni-y-getting operations, calculated on the 
fashion of the day and the existing peace 
between the two countries ; not plans con- 
ceived by literary men in the design to aid, 
permanently and efficiently, the republic of 
letters. It was desirable that these pub- 
lications, however imperfect, should nave 
had sufficient success to encourage fnrtbcr 
progress and improvement ; the war will 
nnduubttdly operate very unfavourably in 
this respect. A company ofgemde lettret are 
pubUsbAng a collection of, Biographical, hlt- 
moirs of distinguished dramatists, &c. Three 
ihmitoiu have appeared, and in these Ibe Lives 
of Mrs, Bellaray and Garrick have excited 
great interest. -Butno publication wan ever 
expected with so much impatience as that of 
H. M. Louis xyiu., and none has better paid 
the poblUhers. An honr after the Sitliug, the 
publication began at thelmprimerie Royale. 
The usual price is two sous the firstday, and 
one son the second day ; bat such wa« the 
eagerness of the public, that they sold at 
ten sons, fifteen sous, twenty sons ; some 
were even bought at tliirty sous, but thonsnnds 
were disposed of <it twenty, tboiigli the pub- 
lic knew it would appear in the evening 
Papers, and be sold the nextmorning in every 
alley and carrefour of Paris for one son ; — 
en eff'et, this morning our ears are stunned with 
Le Siiperbt Ditcourt du Roipouruniou Voila ! qn'om 
apjpeUe, viie lionne affaire. 



TBE BKAIKA. 

At Drury Lane we have had nothing new 
but the old drolleries of Listdn iu several 
parts, and a pretty pastoral Ballet. • - - At 
Covent Garden, Kigel holds on his alternate 
nights with fair success (the weather being 
sadly against all places ot public resort.) On 
Wrdoesdajr, in Uob Hoy, Mr. Yates gave a 
whimsicil imitation ol Macicady ; and on 
Thursday, Love in a ViUage presented a 
Mr. Larkin as Toung Meadows, and Miss 
Paton as Uosetta. The former hss an exqui- 
site tenor voice, but hardly of sufficient com- 
pass for so large a hon>e. The Opera was 
Much lengthen^, and not improved by the 



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JOURNAL OK THE BELLES LETTRES. 



93 



iairoduction of strange songs and h; injadi- 
cloos frieudly encores — an evil, by the by, 
•rowing daily more tiresome to the less inte- 
reitfd portion of the audiences, and espe- 
cially observable in musical matters, as the 
repetition even of Overture* clearly demon- 
ilrates. Miss Paton song delightfully, and 
performed almost as well as she sang. 

[HaciM so little of our own Drama this week, 
we sEall ualie room for a I'arisiau Notice.] 

TUBATRI! FBAMCAIS. 

FieUiKg, a comedy in^verse, in one act. 
Maoy English whom Thave seen in France 
ot late, and with whom I have conversed on 
Ihc novels of Fielding, have appeamd to me 
to be quite surprised, and almost scandalized, 
at my esteem tor that author, who, they say, 



population during the last three years has 
been between 31,000 and 32,000. M. de 
MarlMis complains of the sroallness and 
dampness of tlie cells, of the practice of 
chaining the prisoners, of the bad quality of 
thcfuo«T, oftlie iusufficiency of the clothing;, 
of the substitution in many places of straw 
for beds, and of the absence in all of moral 
and religious instruction. He describes the 
prisoners to be generally in a state of the 
most savage ignorance and barbarism. Among 
a variety of suggeiitious for the diminution of 
these evils, M. Marbois recommends the in- 
troduction into the French Houses of Correc- 
tion of the English tread-wheel. 

MoraU. — The sum of a thousand francs 
(rather more than 40<. sterling) has been sent 
to the Society for the Promotion of Christian 
Morals in Paris, by an auonymons corre 



isofaspecies almost extinct, and who is far _ ^^ _^ ^ 

Iron possessing the fine and picturesque style ,,,onde„, ,o be divided into two prizes for the 
ofbis successors. A» for his diction, properly - _ . .. .... 

u) called, it does not become me tojudge of it; 
bal if the translations which we have of Tom 
1mm, for example, are not greatly corrected 
and embellished (which I by no means ima- 
poe is the case,) I really do not perceive 
tliat there is so much to reprove in the style 
of tbis novel writer. If I proceed to examine 
tbe truth and the sustained originality of his 
cbaracters, the variety of his portraits, his 
tkiUiii contrasts, the deliglitfiil fascination of 
bit episodes, the keen wit of his remarks, and 
tbe extreme facility with which he handles 
tbe weapons of ridicule and satire, I confess 
that I am very little disposed to consider him 
eclipsed by the new novel-writers of whom 
Eogland boasts. I know persons also in 
Fr*nce,wbo, since they have read the sonorous 
pbraseology of Uie Renigat and the Solitaire, 
ipeak witlt disdain of tlie woiVs of I^e Sage. 
Tbe time however is, t hope,, not far distant 
when tbe author of Gil Bit, ks well as the 
iuthor of Tarn Jmm, will resume the rank 
tfkich true judges have assigned them, llie 
little dramatic niece in qneslion is founded on 
a well-known instMice of Fielding's impru- 
Am generosity in devoting a few gniueas, 
wUch be bad borrowed of bis publisher for 
tke purpose of satisfying the demand of the 
tu-gatherer, to the relief of a distressed 
frieiMl. It was well performed, and much 
applauded .—Pans Journal, 



Pabuambrt met on Tnesday, when a 
gratilying and highly constitutional Speech 
was delivered by Commission. Great una- 
noiity prevailed in both Houses.— The ap- 
pearances of • war between Spain and France 
gather gloom ; but there seems little chance 
of tbis country's being embroiled. 



VA»XSTXaS. 

A translation, in Italian verse, of Sir Wal- 
ler Scott's "liady of the Lake," by M. Joseph 
ladelicato, baa been published at Palermo. 
From what we have beard, we fear that it is 
not a very soccessfnl effort. 

Mr. Henry Neele has in the press a Vo- 
hne of Dramatic and Miscellaneous Poems. 

M. Micheic J.ieoni proceeds at Florence 
with the publication of his translation of 
Sbakeapeare. The Italian critics panegyrize 
it in high terms. 

JimuA Prima. — We observe in a Memoir 
pablitbed by M. de Marbois, one of the 
Koyal Society of France for tbe amelioration 
of Prisons, that the gaols of France'are in a 
very deplorable couditiou. Their average 



best Essays against Gambling and Lotteries 
A new ntigious Paris Journal, L'Eelainur 
(one of our t^rrespoiidents writes to us has 
jnst made its appearance.)— Recneil de pieces 
destinies a coocourir an ritablissemeut du 
regno de Dieu et de son Christ sur toute la 
lerre. It is not a pecuniary enterprise, but 
a benevolent and pious attempt ou the part 
of some very excellent and euligbtcncd Ca' 
tholics to excite attention to the trutlis ot 
the Scriptures, and to the present state of 
religion in the world. It is of course destined 
for Catholics, or the mass of the French 
people nominally Catholic. It is tbe first 
Catholic Jonrnal that hat appeared free from 
political and party views. From my know- 
ledge of the parties, I hope it will be very 
advantageous to the cause ef truth and 
charity. They possess talent, learning, and 
disinlLTested desire, to proaote afiection 
among all Classes of Christians. 

M. Kossauge, sen. 'bus formed in Paris a 
handsome French, English, Geiman, Italian, 
and Spanish library, comprehending all tbe 
works of Science, tlistory, and Literature 
which have been written in those five lan- 
guages. In an adjoining gallery are classed, 
nation by nation, the best editions of the 
most celebrated works. 

botany. — Tlie wonderful progress made In 
the culiivutiun of this branch uf science in 
late years, may be in some measure estimated 
by the following comparative Note on Works, 
and especially a late German Enumeratio, 
whtcli treat of it : — 

LluiiKus had :V1 Veronicas, Pensoon 6.1, Wahl 
7:1, Kocmer and Schulles nave in their new edi 
tlon 13fi. Ot' Utriciilaria!, Linnxus lia< 8, I'cr- 
soun Iti, Uoenier and Schullvs til. — Linuaius lias 
4 (jratioke, Koemur and Schulles 4°.i.— Lhiuaius 
has a Salvix, Wildeuow 76, Persoou 104, 
Wsbl 137, Koemer and SchuUen 173 ; &c. 

The authors last referred to, have, we ob- 
serve, retained the Linntean system, except 
the 23d class. One volume only is published ; 
the Sd volume, now in the press, is announced 
to contain all the Grasses of the 3d class. 

Lnhngmphii. — It appears that an arch litho- 
grapher has had the goodness to favour the 
Parisian Journals with a satirical new 
year's gift, by representing tliem drawn up 
In a row, in one of those coloured prints 
which so successfully imitate the caricatures 
in which John Butt had tbrmerly the sole pri- 
vilege of indulging. Patati, Patata, or the 
DetaMt rfthe Journals, is the name of this pro- 
duction, in which almost every one of them is 
wrapped np in an epigrammatic costume. 
The author bus exhibited a very impartial 
malice— PoUliciaos, Fanatics, Liberals, all are 



attacked. If the Drapeau combats, lance la 
rest, like tbe late Don Qnixotte, tbe Cmttitu- 
timuul is represented as old Father Solky, 
and the Journal da DdxUs, with a violin io but , 
hand, seems to be considering in what key 
to play. As for the Jounml dt Pari$, he baa . 
no right to eomplain of the lithographer, who 
lias depicted him in tbe habit of tbe National 
Guard (which he will be always proad to ' 
wear,) and with spectacles; no doubt in 
order that none of the follies of the day may 
escape him. 

LIST or WOBIU ruBLISHlID SINCK ous t.A«r: 

Britton's History and Antiquities of tbe Me- 
tro|H>litical Church of Canterbury, whh Engra- 
viuKS, wcdiuoi 4to. 'M. 3t. ; imperial 4to. H. At.; 
aud super royal folio, with proofs, IW. I0«. — 
The Edinburgh Annual Kesister, Vol. XII. for 
1819, (svo. 2U.— Ilravley's Views of Aucient 
Castles, No. 2, 8ro. 4>. ; 4to. (it.— Nigel, or the 
Crowu Jewels, a Play, Hvo. 3«.— Fir>t Sitting of 
the Coiniuittec on ttic proposed Monnment to 
Shakspeare, 12mo. 2f. M.— Letters, Uterary 
and Political, on Poland, 8vo. 12t.— Tracey the 
Poet, a Novel, 3 vols. l2mo. I&t. Sd.—tbt 
Scarlet Haudkerchief, a Novel, 3 vols. l2mo. 18*. 
— Kouilloa's Freuch tiraiiimar, foolscap 8vo. &*. 
East India lleaister, corrected toJan. l8£l,S(.6if. . 
Naval and Military Anecdotes, ISmo. 6*.— 
Zanhna, or the .Amulet, by Isabel Hill, 12mo. &>. 
— Lives of Eminent Men, vol. 2, 18mo. 2*. U. 
half-bd.— The Peasants of Chamouni, l8mo.- 
'2«. M. half-bd. — Diary of a Tonrthrouxh South- 
ern India, Svo. lOf. 6/.— Ut^d's Horse Theolo- 
mae, Isvo. IOj. 6d. — Madame Campan's Life of . 
Marie Antoinette, 2 roif. 8vo. 2(M. — Schutz's 
/Escliylu.4, a new edit. 3 vols. 8vo. 2/. it. — Ditto, 
vol. :<. cumainlug Fracments and Schslia, U*t' 
— Jnar^'o's44istdry orGuateiuala, translated by 
Ltcot. Dally, Svo. 16«.— State of the Cape of 
Good Hope m 1822, 8vo. ISr. 



KBTBO»O&0aiOA& TAB&B. 



JANUARY. 

Thursday... SO 
Friday 31 



7%ermoaM>f cr. 

from 37 to 47 

from 30 to 43 ! 

from 37 to 45 

from 33 to 41 

from 37 to 40 : 

from 30 to 39 : 

from 27 to 33 
A NE. wind Reuerally prerailiuK, and the 
weather cloudy, foggy, and wet, till Tuesday, 
when it became cl^, and the wind changed to ' 
SW.— Rain fallen ,(>25 of an uich. 

Edmonton. JoHIf AdaNS. 



Feb.— Sat. 
Sunday .... 
Monday . . . . 
Tnesday . .. 
Wednesday 



Barometer. 
39 31 to S8-40 
29'IS to 28-07 
S8-85 to 28-07 
28'SO to a8-«S 
28-82 to 28-03 
20 21 to 20-30 
20-51 to20-G8 



TO oo&nrsposroi 

Wc rtnaot Inurt AdetrtUemnf under an; of the 
4igguifr$ WBamed by good friends whn tend ibem to 
u>. or Literary Ktlien, wr must again rep«al, that 
if they fall tinder tlie above descriptiun, or are iMt 
aatbenticated. Uiev naat gn io an even more hopeless 
place than the H^ffttar Ike DttlUutt. 

Far Ikalfortknmlng Prritdleat, which will certainljr 
appear on or before the Oreek Kalends, we have laid 
tuide In a large Mawan's cbeRt, bought on pnrpoae, 
S. B-s Line ou tbe birtli of a Friend's lint Child; To 
Maria in the Orore ( Ode to War; Tboa^le (hmven. 
foraive the false auertlon) on Taale, &c. Ice. 

We ahall be happ^ to sea f (iU<r«f iMe<'< Volaiie, if' 
It ie a acarce book. 

We have taken the liberty to send 8. Ifi oblliinf 
notice of llnbnrt Earl of Leiceitcr, to ih« Editor oi the 
OentIeman*a Magazine, In wlioie pegea it will bo aaoro 
congenially dispoaed than in oars, which hardly em-' 
brace genealogical inquiries. 

Tbe GteuHer ii again, aa always, welcome.— £. S. P. 
is exactly the rercrae. 

Gtiijie, of Lymington, writei rery faeautifnlly, but 
hit mbject t« so pergonal, ta well a« pertonaUe, that 
we advise him to send directly to t^ora, without aub- 
mitting to a jury of our readers. • 

" A'Motktr—Wclbrtok " will Snd that we loag afo 
reviewed the little book the recommends to our notieo. 

TlTe description of Loch l.omond ia very pretty — tf 
we can Ind room for it, of which we are afraid, wa will. 

If If. H. (whom we thank) netmlta us, we will 
retain bis paper till opportooit) oBiirs for its ioaartioa. 



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94 



T^E LITERARY GAZETTB, AND 



C»»n*ctt<l wUk Liltralm mmd Mr Arl$. 
BRITISH INSTITVTION, PAtl. MALI. 

rpHKOaltery lor tlic Kxhibition and Sale 
■*• of the Wofi« of Mo^rra ArtiiK, ii opm dully, 
from Tra in Uia Msralu 'nil Fin l> th« E<«iin(. 
(By Order) JOHN YOUNG, Kwpcr. 
AgniiuiorU.— CuinlogupK Ix. 
Tlio Sabscriben to iht Print Prnm Al r. WmI'i Pie- 
tola of "Mar S<v(o«He«Hn( the Sick inthoTnnpIr," 
whp hart not already recnxd tbeir Uiprtuioni may 
rencirc them, upno pAtment of ibr rriu'iiniler of tbcir 
hub»eilp<i«in«, at the llrliiibfnitimtioii doll y. 

IMEDALLION WAFERS.— Meura. T. & 
■^'-^ Ii. Thonpton liave on lAle Ibe rollowinf. vis.— 
Tbe WofUoi CANUVAand TUUKWALU^iiN; the 
Napoleon MedaU ; tb« CvMrt, two iize>i nod Copira 
frum the most celebrated Gems. To ibe above Wnrlii 
tba iMtentoi* partimilarly «olicit the attentifin of the 
NoMUljr, Ueatrjr, and Amalenri, a> tbey llatier them- 
•elve* thai Ikey will be found on iiuprction to br ex- 
cfediogly beautiful, aad ofier tbe cbeapeat mtide of 
obtaining exquiiitecopici of the finest works of oncirut 
and modern Art. Coats of Arm*, dtc. copied at a short 
notice.— No. I, WeiUngton-streel, Waterloo Bridy. 



Uibe press,' and will be pnblliibedin a few days, a 

second edition of 
PIFTEEN YEAliS in INDIA; or,Sketche« 
'- of a Soldier's Life. Being an attempt ta describe 
Persons and Thin;;s hi various parts of HIndostan. 
From the Journal of on t iific^r in His Majesty's Service. 
Printed for Lon!;man, Hoist, Rrcs, Orair. tc Brion 



T OVE WILL FIND OUT THE WAV. 
'-' A pallad, Suiij; by MISS FOOTE, at the Theatre 
Royal, CoveutOaiden, in the Play of MGEL, or the 
i^ruwa Jewels, Price 2j. 
Published by J. Power, 3t. Strand. 

Mr. lU'ort't Lottt of tkt Angcli.—la bra. price &$. 
1LLUSTB.ATIONS of Mr. MOORE'S 
•■• " LOVES of the ANOELS." 

' Prom Designs by R. W estall, Esq. cugraTod by 

Mr. Charles Heath. 

Printed for Lnngraan, Hurst, Kees, Orme, St Brown. 

A few Proofs are taken olf In 4lo. on Fiencb Paper, 

10* flrf.; on India Paper, lit.; and on Iridia Paper be - 

lore the letleriac, price ilUi.— Also may be had. 

The Fourth Edilliio of Mr. tloore'a " Lores of tbe 
Angefs." l«8vo. price lis, bds. 



MrilUk Uotny. 
In Royal 8to. with coloured Plates, pr. 4(. No. 8 of tlie 

CJCOTTISH CBYPTOGAMIC FLORA; or 

"^ Caloured figures, and Oescriptlnns ofCryptogamlc 
Plants found in llcolland,belooglDfr chiefly to the Order 
Finti, *ai lnMiidid to aar** aa •■c<MitliiaBUaii«f 
English Botany. 
By KOBBilT KATE ORETILLB, F.R.S. E. tie. <cc. 

This Work Is pabllshbd in Monllily Nnmbets, eaeh 
cMitalning Five Plittes, with correspomUng Letter- 
press, 'Tbe Figures are all drawn by tlie Author, en- 
graf ed nnder his Inspectiiin, and coloure'd by an emi- 
nent ArllM M the *ery best style. In consequence of 
tbe Sale Ikia Work has already eaperiencedr the rag*' 
\f eanlinnatlon of it may be <upended upon. 

Printed for M'ljicblan, and Stewart; Edlnkurghi and 
Baldwin,' Cradork, fc Joy, Tendon. 



In a Ciw dan, 3 rola Kmo. 

^HE PIONEERS; or. Tbe Sources of 

'' the Sttitquebanna. By the Antbor of |be •' Spy." 

I'rinteil for John Mnfray, Alh*marle-»lreet 



la a few days will be pabliskad, in port Sea. 

Tlir. ORLANDO INNAMORATO; 
nliri<lged In Prose, fVom ibe Italian of Banit; aAd 
interspersed with NranxKs hi the same metre as the 
uHglnal. ByWM.STEWART KOSE. 

*,* It is eurlouslhat the Orlando lnnnmorato,tboD3b 
neeeuary t« tha naderstaading of tbe .^tory of the Or- 
lando Furiosn, which Is a contUioatlon of it, has never 
been trsnslaird into English ; if we exeepta mere out- 
line of the main action, which gins little notion of Ha 
iontimrrablfr episodes, and none oflta poetry, or the 
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AND 



No. 31 7. 



SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1823. 



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Before •nteriog npoo- those selectioo* 
yhich mast :rwaaHneiMl Madame de Can- 
.4Mralir«4a^UjM>ynUrity,we re- 

KeiminMr, M i|ie ^etanpe af Iter. 

'.ipAatt the late unhappy - Marie 
- - i- So far /ram impotliq; aay blame 
w tftM isratcbed hKiy on. Ihe nigtit of the 
«b Uftober, these Mrmain disUuctly e\. 
ni^te her from the fW. slander, and do 
jaMioe to a Queea aa virtuous as she was nn- 
ArtoMte. 

: 1^ Menoirx, af^r a biograplucai notice 
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BarkaMe incident. Every page is so wortliy 
of^elag selected, that we experience miicfa 
4iSca% in making «ur extracts t<) illnstrate 
ikis moat a«recable work. We cpioted in our 
»rner pafters the story of the n>M coloured 
■inaet wlien the priucessrj were noder the 
ckarfe of Madame de Jonlaoges, a lady who 
vss aftferwards Abbess of Boyal-Lieu ; and 
Hadnw Ca«lpan adds— 
. "Wi pxoetlent woman fell a victim to the 
Mvohttfenaiy madness. She and her numeroiu 
mtera were led to the scaffold on the same 
My. While leaving tlic prison, tliey all 
^«a|ed the Feiri CnOar npon the fatal car. 
Vhea arrived at the place of, punishment, 
Bey did not interru