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Full text of "The London magazine, or, Gentleman's monthly intelligencer, Volume 37"

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5^ 



The London Magazine, Or, 

Gen tleman 's Mon thly In telligencer ^ 










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PREFACE. 



^GREEABLE to our pUafing proJ^eQs^ at the elofi of the lafi ytar^ 
^^l the uetejfaries^ ofljfi are^ In the bleffing of a plentiful barveft, ho<w greatly 
raiMced in price, and bread, thejiaffoflife, mttf be procured at a reafon- 
Me rate. *Tbis bappinefs nije primarih are indebted for to benign Prowdence^ e*ver 
'voaiebftd o*uer the di^effes of mankind ; andfecondariiy, to the nvife provi/ons made' 
^ parliament, particularly in continuing the prohibition of the exportation efeom. 
We ijuift njoe could congratu!at/e our readers, alfo, upon the public fpirit of the peopU 
in general, and their co-operating *witb the ivtfe care of the government ', but fucb 
a fe^ifb rapacity reigns flill amongft the dealers in provifions, that engrojfers and 
forefie^Hirs, as much as pojfible, continue Jo countera^ all the meafures of admini" 
Jlraiion, and to create an artificial fcarcity : This is undoubtedly one of the fatal con^ 
Jjeqnaces ofburdinfome and opprejfive taxes, ' ivbich *we have little proJpe£l of fee^ 
img reduced: For individuals endeavour to' make themfelves amends by preying 
upon one another ; and in no time have the arts and chicanery of trade been more 
fredeminaat than at j>refent : But let us hope, that tbe,dijffipation, corruption, ana 
frofiigacf of the people, twill receive fame check, and that ive may become more 
mod mve the favourites of heaven. 

ne enemies of liberty have been but too fuccefsful in the late year : Our colenie 
lave, hitherto, in vain, held out their fitpplicating bands for redrefs j emd the 
irave Corficans, 'lubo havefo many years firuggled fir freedom, feem abandoned to 
Gallic tyranny ; abandoned by all tbofe powers vfho have heretofore been the gene* 
reus fupporters rf the natural rights of mankind: But they have hitherto nobly 
rejeBed their chains, and, if e^ffifiance is net too long delayed, may yet difappoint 
tbe fchemes to injlave them. As to the Americans, their grievances are before an 
mJfenMy, ivhich has already, in many iaftances, proved aufpicious to the caufe of 
liberty ; and.vse have no reafon to doubt v;ill be thoroughly co^Jidered, and, finally^ 
feace astd bappinefs refloredto that extenfive continent, ^his nue have ftill the 
mtore reafon to exheQ, as our gracious foverei^ is remarkably the friend of man^ 
kind, and the fatter of all his people, and iutU not long fuffer arbitrary cruelty^ 
and uncotiftitutional eppr^ffiou : To kirn <' Liberty (fee the Frontispiece) ceumot 
nvith improprie^ appeal i nor the jaded American and the barreled. Corfican bend 
bvoly for [upport :^^See the augufl monarch attends with commiferation to their 
eomflaints, amd pity* when he feelt it* is redrefs.^ 

ITe beg leave, at the clofi of this our tbirty-feventh volume, to reiterate our 
mtksioivudgments to tbepubuc in general, and to our learned and ingenious corre* 
fpondesets, in particular, for the continuance of their favour, tvhich vjedaify exte* 
riemce in our increetfedfuccefsm On our parts v/e fwill never Jlacken in our endea^ 
vomrs, to inform, and to entertain eur readers j to render the Lo N do N Mao azi n s 
H>e m^fasibfid rep^tory of the Literature, the Bt^mtfsp and the Politics <if the 
times vJt live in. 




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<L> *m cS CD • SS %S SS Ss S> ^S Sf • °° 4fi ^X ^S ^S ^S ^S ^2. ^X H <S ^S %S 49 mS 



GEORGE 2?. 

WHEREAS Our tnifty and well-beloved Richard Baldwin, of PaUr* 
no/fgr^Roiv, in Our City of London, Bookreller, hath, by his Petition 
humbly reprefentid unto Vs, that he is the Proprietor of a Work that it pub* 
liibed monthly, entitled. 

The LONDON MAGAZINE. 

f n which is contained ny^ny original Pieces, that were never before printed { and 
that he is at a great expence in paying Authors for their Labours in writing and 
compiling the faid Work, which har been publiAied once a Month for near 
Thirty Years paft, and hath met with great approbation from the pttblick. m 
That he is now publiAiing therein 

An Impartial and Succinft HistORY of the Origin and 
Progrefs of the Present W A R, 

To be illuftrated with many Maps and Charts, which hath already been fo well 
received, as to induce feveral perfons to reprint it in other periodical Publica- 
tions } and being defuousof reaping the Fruits of his very great Expence and 
X,abour, in the Profecution of this Work, and enjoying the full Profit and Be- 
nefit that may arife from printing and vending the fame, without any other Per- 
fon interfering in his ]\\i{ Property, he moft humbly prays Us, to grant hina 
Our Royal Licence and Prorc^ion, for the fole printing, publifliing, and vend* 
ing the faid Work. And We do, ihercfore, by thefe Prefents, fo far as may 
be agreeable to the Statute in tbat cafe made and provided, grant unto him, the 
feid Richard BaUwin, his Executors, Adminiftratoiii, and Afligns, our Licence 
for the fole printing, publifliing, and vending the faid Work, for the. term of 
Fourteen Years, ftriaiy forbidding all Our Subjeas, within Our Kingdomt 
and Dominions, to reprint, abridge, or,, publifh the fame, either in the like or 
any other Volume, or Volumes whatfoever, or to import, buy, vend,, utter, or 
^liitribute, any copies thereof, reprinted beyond the Seas, during the aforefaid 
Term of Fourteen Years, without the Confent and approbation of the faid 
Richard Baldwin, his Heirs, Executors, or AflTigns, under their Hamls and 
Seals firft had and obtained, as they will anfwer the contrary at their Perils* 
Whereof, the Commiffioocrs, and other Officers of Our Cuftoms, the Maftcr^, 
Wardens, and Company of Stationers, arc to take Notice, That due Obedience 
may be rendered to Our Will and' Pleafure herein declared. Given at Our 
Court at j&;?/&r^/ff;r, the 23d Ds^y of O^^A^, 1759, in the Thirty-Third Year 
af Our Reign. 

Bj His Majesty's Command. 

W. P I T T* 



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The London Magazine. 




gentleman's Monthly Intelligencer; 
For JANUARY, 1768. 



Cavfat agaiofi EnChufiafm 3 

S'-fiftire on Eph. ii. 3. 4 

AiirclV to the Liver/ of London*- 5 

Sh^n Aczijunt of Fi/fi Delua y 7 6 

II! Fortune of Mirccllus '. 7 

The Col'jberCcraftes defcrlbed ; 8 

The Hiftory of the U\\ Se.lion of Parlia- 

tocnr, &c. &c. ^ '9 — 14 

Proceedings on Eifl-'nui Affairs i^ ^fefi 
Lite Changes in the Miniflfy iccounted 

for 14 

AaotJber letter from Roufleau 15 

Cafe of a fradured Rib and a remarkable 

Etnphyfema ^ 17 

Letter from Huxham on emphyfematous 

Cajfes 18 

Accoant of the late Eruption of Mount 

Vcfnvius ih. — 20 

Viftity and Folly of the French fatiri zed ai 
Oiiious Particulars in Regard to the Arikia?, 

LikeaciTcs of Perfons 7 2 

Hamourous Propof^l for new Improvem. aj 
Charaftcr of the Parliament of 16 ^i 24 
Account of the Attempt for feizing the five 



ibid. 

26 
27 
28 
»9 



Mfmbets 
An intcrcfling Letter 
Self-mait modern Philofophcri 
Over-bcariivg i»f Infidelity 
Tke Friends of Religion pointed Out 
iUl« for ihc Clergy to Temporize 

With a fine Reprcfcntation of the ; 
Coluber Cerastes, another of the Double Horns of the Rhinoceros, 

AND 

The Fourth Part of the Plan of the Road from London to Bir.wicK, 

All beautifully engraved on Copper. 



Dcfcription of Holkam Houfe 30 — 33 

CoHTcnient Apartments 3a 

Paintings at Holkam 33 

A b.ife and barbarou<t Stratagem 34 

Add e(s to the Elcflorl of Norfolk and 
Norwich 35 — 37 

Scheme to prevent the begging of Servants 
at Public Inns 33 

A curious Quer)' 39 

Addreflcs of ch:* Manufnilurcrs ibid. 

Of the douMe Horns ^f the Rhinoceros 40 
Anecdotes of Luca Jordano 41 

An impartial Revic'-v of new Publications 

42-48 
Makarony Fables 43 

Macpherfon*i critical Diffcrtationi 44 

An ElTay upon Prints 45 

Warner on the Gout 47 

Ingram oa the fame ibid. 

Poetical Essays 48 

A new Song fee to Mufic 49 

Story of Falfe Delicacy, a Comedy $t 

The Monthly Chronot-oger 5*" 

Marriage? anti Birth;: j Deaths 54 

Ecckfiaftical Prcfcrm^ius i^>id. 

Promotions Civil and Military ibid. 

Bankriiptsj Co^rfc of Exchange 55 

FoRUGN ArtAJlR^ ibid. 

Monthly Catalogue of B«oks ibid. 

Stocks, Grjin j Wind and Weather 2 



LONDON: Printed for R. Baldwin, at No. 47, in Pater-nofter Row; 
Of whom maybe had, compleat Sets, from the Year 1731, to this Time, neatly bound er 
ftitcbed, or a«y iingle Month to compleat Sets. 



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THE 



London Magazine, 

For JANUARY, 1768. 




r# Oe AXTTHOR rf tbi LONDON 
MAGAZINE, 
SIR, 
T«c fM^MmifrwhrnUUv, Ephef. vi. it. 

[ Late refolnti^n taken 
ih order toafcertain 
the 'ftrength' of the 
Roman catholic in- 
tereft In this king- 
dom, apptart to be 
▼ciy generally .ap- 
profed { at baing 
likely to produce (uch an cxerdon of ^ 
hi^thre authority, at may be found 
expedient to check ita growth amongft 
m :. and cftfhially to iectu'e the peace . 
oT the)irbt^ftant eftabKfliment againft 
httvTc adnoymae from thit quarter. 
S?ef7 ivell*wifter to thit tountry muft 
indeed rq<Hee ta fee the day on which 
tnesibret fo ialotary are enafted, who 
inf ever taken a View of the dreadful 
caiamitici formoly brought upon itt 
Inbabitantt, when m a comforfable and 
Innocent enfoymeHt of their iimldable 
and dear bought religion and laws, 
luTe had crverdeftruoton levelled sit 
both, and their pcrfofit either treacher- 
oufiy a£iffioated, or barbaroufly raaffi- 
ered, and all this by the baneful inrflu- 
ence of bigotry, and fuperflitfon, a 
mifguided and intemperafe zeal j 
founded on^oiieout principles ( im- 
prcflcd by early inculcation 3 and 
rooted by obtinateprofeflion. But— » 
can planfibie pretenlibnt to hrtStlty-^ 
fevourite aad amoiing notions taken up 
at ^leafura, and occafionally Quitted-^ 
be allowed by unj^ejudiced ' reafbia 
Ibficient to warrant, 6r excufe the 
commtflion of grofr abAirditiet, and fr-' 
regularhiet, and manifeft riohtiOns 
of the mod facred laws of God and na- 
fbre ?— >The dangerous confequences of 
fkk tenets,. and the Micy of thofe 
argnmantf ufed in defence of them, 
bMf 10 obftoui, tbey at once ftahd 
Jan. f 761. 



expofed and (elf condemned. Never* 
thelefa I fee with ttiC utmoll concern 
many of my weU meaning country 
men eagerly fwallow down ibefe, iJrtd 
other ftrange conceits if poflible mote 
inconftftent and romantic : and though 
EofpeJ light (hints with a meridian 
brightaelt on this happy land, tb^y 
fuft'er themfelves to be deluded by the 
ignis fatuutof enthaAaffn, and wantoi^- 
ly negled tnole peculiar blc/Hn^s whidi 
'the bift formed conRitution, and moft 
reafonable and (criptural fcheme of 
- filth thit day in the woHd, do afford 
them ) adopt and eacourage opiniorit 
and pradiies that have a dire& ten* 
dency to the fobverfion of both, and 
have already involved both in the moft 
imminent danger, and dlltrefs. To 
prove thit adertion we need only refer 
to the dark annals of the grand rebels- 
lion, which contain glaring inftancea 
of the moft abominable and pernicioua 
confequences of fanaticism: in that 
(hocking feeno, the blackeft charadlera 
were performed by men of this (lamp* 
The like has operated very' alarm- 
ingly in later and different periods : 
And in the prefent ase has proved fatal 
to many ' indhri'duats. Wt not only 
fee it often afford to man of the moft 
corrupt principles an opportunity of 
ficrificlng the property, triench, inno- 
cence, and eveiy dear pofTeflion of tho(a 
#ho are unhappily betrayed by thit 
£uanioa) artifice, to their luft and ava-^ 
rice ) but have recent inltancetf of no- 
loriou« vices being openly pra£H fed, 
and impioufly vhidicated, by thefe 
wolves i» (heep*s cldathiog j nay to fo 
(bgrant a lieight have they carried 
their outrage aguinft all virtue, decency, 
and common lenfe, as t6 recomnlend 
the fame extra vagrancies to rheir fol- 
lowers: Some of whom I believe 
indeed unchargable with purfuits fo 
bate and abandoned j but being once 
(educed by artful indAuations, favour, 
A a ing 



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Addrefs to the Liverymin 



'ng a natural predominancy of pride, 
▼anity, or caprice, fall in with this 
egregious fraternity, and if not able 
to undergo the violent operation of 
tiie ipfaiible. fpunge (which they will^ 
perfuade one wipes o(F the deepeft 
ftrains of gilt at a ftroke) are frequent- 
ly vied to great excelTcs, or fall into the 
dreadful cataftrophc of fuicidc, or a 
S^dlam. 

Where this contagious evil will end 
Is uncertain, it is in its nature evident* 
ly deftryfiive to law, reafoni and re- 
ligion. I would therefore earne&ly re- 
conimend to thofe who aie. yet un- 
tainted with the poi(bnous infe^Ionof 
romance and enthufiarm, and to others 
|iot totally involved in this beguiling 
mid of the old ferpent's, ferio ufly to 
confider, how we make wiy for him, 
by creating divifions in a communion 
that imparts every means of falvation, 
that either reafon or revelation can.dif- 
pover. And if any one fancies him* 
ftlf actuated by a degree of f^ith and 
grace Aipcrior to what he imagines in 
the reft of mankind^ let him n^ahifeft 
jt b^ fuitable good woiks. 

The unity of the church of Chrift 
is itsfureil fupport, and a fmcerely pious 
.endeavour tQ prompte that important 
.end, by an uniform and confident f^ith 
iind praflife, the peculiar charadUriftic 
pi the friend of God and man : This 
}8 the criterion that diftinguiihes the 
good.man from the bad, and the true 
f briilian from the hypocrite. 

lam, fir, 
T«wKe{bury, Your's 

, Jan.ii>)76S. A.MI. Ver. ViRt. 

tp the AUTHOR of the LONDON 
MAGAZINE. 
SIR 

HAVING had a former tafte of 
your impartiality, I am thereby 
fsncouraged to hope you will publ)(h 
theie lines, the deiign of which is to 
i:eicue a part of God's holy word from 
fn interpretation, the moil foreign 
N that could polTibly be given it. In at- 
tempting thisi I (hall make ufe of no 
bunian agthority, but go according to 
the good old rule, The fcripture is the 
lieft interpreter ofitfelf. 

In p. 638 of your laft Mag. A, N. 
has pr^uced Dr. Lardner's opinion of 
tjiofe words in JE^ph/ii. 3. Weiuere 
fy naturg ibe children of nvratb e*uin as 
§ihfrs : Where by nalurf he underftands 
Pur fiprmer ftate, before we were en- 
I 



Jan 

lightened by the go^cl \ Ihat then \k 
committed adual fins as well as others 
But defire your correfpondent to tun 
ro Gal. ii. 15. where the infatlibJ 
penman of fcripture ufts tliefanve word 
we are Jews hy naturfi ^rtt by birth 
fromftM which fignifies to beget. See 
ing this is the evident unforced mean 
ing of the word in one place, why no 
in the other? Befides, by this con 
ftru6^ion of Eph. ii. 3. that we vcr 
children of wrath by htrtb (not bi 
cuftoro,) a-needlefs tautology is pre 
vented, and the climax is preferved 
In the firft part of the verfe the apoftli 
laments a coiirfe of af^ual tranfgre/^on 
in times paft, and then traces thef 
polluted lireams to the corrupt fouq 
tain, jufl as David had done befor 
him ill pfal. LI. 5. Behold I srii 
fliapen in iniquity, and in fia did mj 
mother conceive roe. 
I am, fir, 

your hnmble fervant, 
Jan. 18. 1768. ' R. W 

To tbi fToribj Liverymen, 0/ (hi City o, 
London. 
Gentlemen, 

AT a naceting called at the king'4 
arms uvern for that purpofe» ] 
Tee it has been recommendea to us, tc 
chufe for a reprefentative for the city 
of London, a gentleman from Bofton. 
What' the particular obligations are^ 
the citv of London owes to the town 
of Bofton, thofe gentlemen will be 
pleafed to inform us, who dired us to 
look thither for a city member. But 
it unfortunately happens, that at the 
very time while thcfe gentlemen arc 
"wifhing us to think fo highly Of a Bo- 
fton education, and recommending to 
us a gentleman trpined up in all the 
principles of that loyal and obedient 
town, the people of Bofton are Co very 
little defirous of our good opinion, tha< 
they are openly avowing the moft on- 
friendly difpofitions towards usj and 
endeavouring, as far as is in theit 
power, to ruin ^ I moft every branch 
of the trade of this city. 

At a meeting of theire^holders, and 
other inhabitants of the town of Bo- 
fton, afl'embled at their town- hall for 
that purpofe on Wedncfday the aSth 
of September 1767, an aflbciation was 
entered into by which they promife 
and engage, that they will not, from 
and after th^ 3xft of December, pur- 
chafe any of the following articles : 

X^oaf 

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Lotffugar 
Cgradge . 

Coachei* chalfes, 

and carriages, of 

all forts 
Horfe farnitii^re 
Mcti aad wemelis 

hats 
M^ and womens 

afiparel ready 
.' made 

U^uibold furniture 
Gloves 
Men and womens 

tfboes 
Sole leather 
Sbeathingand deck 

nails' 
Gold and iilver 

thread lace, of 

allfofts 
Gold and fUver 

bQttons 
Wrought plate of 

all forts 
Diamond, ftone, 



O F L O 

and pafte ware 
Snuff • . 
Muftard 

Clocks and watches 
Silverfmiths and 

jeweHers ware 

Broad cloths th^t 

coft above ten 

fliillin^speryacd 

Muffs, turrs and 

tippets 
All forts of milli- 
nery ware 
Starch 
Stays, women and 

chlldreas 
Fire engines 
China ware 
Silk and cotton 

velvets 
Gauze 
Pewterers hollow 

ware 
Silks of all kinds 
for garments « 
Malt liquors and 
cheefe. 
Though none of the or her provinces 
will be weak enough probably to be 
led bv thefe Bofton incendiaries, yet 
it will not bclheir fault if all our Ame- 
rican colonies do not combine together 
ag^inft our trade in the fame manner; 
for not content with having entered 
into ^his aifociation for chemlelves, 
they nave alfo unanimoufly relblved, 
" That the fore^iog vote, and fornl 
of a fublcription relative to the enu- 
merated articles, be immediately pub* 
Iilhed I and that the feledt men be 
dire^ed to diftribute a proper number 
of them among the freeholders of this 
town $' and to forward a €0|^ of the 
iame to the felc&. men of every town 
in the province ; as alfo to the princi- 
pal city or town officers of the chief 
towns of the Several colonies on the 
continent, as they may think proper.'* 
Their countrymen and abettors here 
very affectedly give out that the peo- 
ple of Bofton have done this only to 
enable themfelves to pav their debts. 
But although that might be a reafon 
for their buying nothing of us them- 
lelves, yet it couki be none for. their 
thus exciting all the other colonies not 
to deal with. us. . Should the gentlemen- 
of Vimnia, for in fiance, take the. ad-, 
vice of thefe Boftonmen, (which they 
aoft certainly will not) will the peoplf 



N D O N. 5 

of Virginia, &c. by ^itholding t^eiror* 
ders,enable the menof Bofton topaytheir 
debts } This extraordinary enoeavour» 
therefore, to perfwade all the other co« 
lonics to refufeta trade with us^ proves, 
that it was malice, and not parUmony, 
which prompted them to this combi- 
nation ; and that the real intention of 
it was not to refieve themfelves, but to 
diftrefs us. 

Whatever may be the evil difpoiitioh 
which thefe people bear to their parent 
country, I have remarked, that tb^ 
fcarce ever have ventured upon any 
particular meafures of expreffmg their 
ill-wiU, which have not f been iirft ad- 
.vifcd or fuggefted to them from their 
correfpondents here. And accordingly, 
upon looking over fome of tlie Botton 
Gazettes, in that.of thesSth of Sep^ 
temberlaft, I i^d thefoliowing^artidey 
viz. 

7btfollo^hig Extna^ cf a UH^r/romia 
Mdr chant i/i,Loiidonf tp his Erteitd^ 
tbii TWuif, «tti/ d^ri rtqueftidto inftrt^ 
liondon, Junei7, 1767*; 
f* Yefterday the bUi for fufp^nditi^ 
the legiilation of New York, until tbe 
faid colony (hall comply with the niu^ 
finy a^, and for eftabHihing a board 
of cttftoms, were re^d a feoond time iti 
the houfe of lords ; and the bill <Sf 
commerciat taxation paffedinthc fame 
hou£e to be ingroffed. With refpe6t 
to providing for the troops, no oppofr- 
tion is fo reafonable becaufe none can 
be So effe^uaf, arthat^whieh procureil 
the repeal of the ftamp«a£t, viz. the 
reneral engagement to import no goods 
from England, tiH fo6h a taxation be 
removed or difclaimed by a repeal of 
the aft. And the efficacy of this mode 
of oppoiition could never be more 
affuredly depended upon, then at pre- 
p!nt ; becaufe that the manufadiirers 
can but barely fnpport. themfelves un- 
der the prefent ibarcity of proviiions 
and (lacknefs of trader which is fo 
great a difcouraeement, that although 
wool never wasdearer in England than' 
now, yet cloths are twenty per ceM. 
cheaper than ever was known, fo that 
(hould your deidand ceafe for a year or 
two, the utmoftyou can defire wouM 
be effefted here, without any uncon- 
ftitutionaloppoGtion on your parts, &c.'* 
Wh^ merchant it was who could 
write fuch a letter as thu, I am not in 
the leaft^ degree qualified to guefs ; He 

could 



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Aamint ^ Falfe bclicacy. 



Jan: 



could nol Air^ b«vft bcfa an' Enettth 
one. A truel^ Bridih lietrt inuft MTe 
felt compaffion for the diftreOes of tbe 
poor, and woakft have wi(hcd for the 
ncafis of l^knkfg tiseir wantt } aot have 
beea a prompter to the moft croel mt- 
tbodsoti«rr#jy&gftbeiii. Por-the bonoflr 
or humanity itlelftthercibre, 1 would 
hope, that thereii b«t •■« town iti all 
iiis majefty*f dominions, •chat cottkl 
breed men ca|nbl» of thus hard€<iin|^ 
tb^mrdvei agaiiKlallfhe impreffione of 
St* All good lubfcai, BHitooB; and 
Amerkant, kttow, that tbe iatereft of 
both coontriei i> the fame i and that 
they are all united under hit majefty 
in one common wealth. Through- 
out that whole Britiih empiref ther#- 
£u^ let it be known, that the turbu- 
lent feixlts of Boftoii only are lowing 
diOetttiQiii and publicly taking me*, 
furet to fepaimte thenu And may they 
ever have the merit of being the fmgle 
town in Ameiie% that it capable of 
lending nen^ under thegitiie of mer- 
chaiiM, to aA a» fpiei amongll ut$ 
to waick for and give 0Btice of zny 
pubUr caUunitteif andtainftmdcheir 
countryaoi how t^ tako advantage ittf 



It will ftiUy'I hope, be lemembered^ 
that I do not in the leaft aim at anjr 
particular perfon, aa the writer of tkit 
letter. 1 4o not meanto lay it to the 
charge of any. particular merchant 
whatibeven But aa their Botton cotA' 
reiixmdetttt have thoiq^ fit to let ut 
know of tbe^adiviceiwkieh baa bean 
^ven them, and to ted the letter back 
to m» all that it intended by^ tkit re« 
pubHoatiott, it to let my felkm liverjr-* 
menfte what tbele. Botton- peopk are j 
and to hand it m among the gentleNfie« 
of the committee, in order to know, whe^ 
thcr aayof theaa will, take it up j or if ii 
be a conception of > too black a feature 
^ for ibem to filiate, to beg that tbey 
will find out the faiiher,. and pair it on 
to ita proper parent. 

In tbe mean time, tk« gantlemenr 
will bepleafcd to ^paratlieir r te oa tmen^^ 
dationt, and leavotke livery of Lon- 
don to iudge for t bem fa luta i at leaft, 
it it hoped, thattbey wtU not hold ua 
fo very cheapo at to think, at the very 
time when tbe firetaMB of BoAon have 
come to a public fsefi»kMiun to take 
nothing. |r1»m^ ua, that ^tke liveryman 
of London have 16 little underftamding 
atto take a rqifetetative from riiem* 
A Uverymatt rf L§nd9n. 



AJhort Anfnmi^J \bi u^ Cmnfy'miUd 
False DilicAcy asiiinu*w aM^ 
i^ wiib tmh/er/al AppUu^t 4U l6# 
ntatre Royal ut I>rury-Laae* 

CHARACTERS. 

Colonel Rivert, Mr. HoUand. 
Cecil, Mr, Xit^. 

Lord Wfnworth, Mr. RiMJb. 
ShrHMTTytkf9hirg,Mr.y,Palmit. 
Sidney, Mr. Cmttbtrly. 

PoMnen, Mr. ftrfgbt and Mr. Watkimi^ 
LadyBettyLambton, Mr/. if^M;?<&«b 
Mift Rivert, Mri.JefferuK 

MIft March Aont, Mrs.BtuMj. 
Mn.Hariey, 
Sally, 



Mrs, DoHUr. 
Mifs Reytulds. 



THE fable of thit comedy it extreme- 
ly interciline, and moft admirabljr 
conduaed ; the ientimentt are fuch aa 
will eminently dilUnguifh tbe writer aa 
long at virtue and morality are held re- 
fpeSable) and tbe language eafy, ele- 
gant, and charaaciiWc— fidced we ri- 
member no piece fince^ the Gardcfa 
Hufbandi in which the dialogue fd hap- 
piiy imltatet the converfation of peo« 
pie of faflifon. - T he part of CecH 
bcirt the ftrongeft tnarkt of origiaali* 
tyi and affords Mr. King an otportu- 
nity of 'giving wt a frefh proof that hia 

Sowert in comedy are unlimited, fbf 
it performance tbrowt new beautiet 
on the iifiaginatioil of hit nuthor. * « ; ■* 
The ftrene between Colonel Ktvert and 
hit daughter, ifi the fourth ad, it trul^ 
paliietic, ahdi^ a demonftfation that 
the writer polTeflet (hofe happy takntt 
for touching the fender paflTidnt^ f rf a 
degree not af ell' inferior to hit iibilittee 
forexitfngthe rifible tacultiet.-;—- — ' 
It would be an a£t of inynftice itot to' 
mention Mr. Holland^t gfreat m;rit iU 
Cotonel Rivert, and Mrt. I>anceT't in 
Mra. Harley. -^Indeed the whole piece 
was well performed, and bore evident 
figtit (wt mearf with refpeft to the Jim 
tk ThtMre) of being brought out under 
tho infpe^n of Mr. Qarrick. ■ ^ 
In fhort» we Cannot help conmtulat-' 
iug the public upon thit addition rd 
their enferfainment, in which the eo- 
mic mirte appears in her native (tm- 
pKcity; tusdebauched by ribaldry or 
ikentioofifiiA. The prologue and epi- 
loguegavent uncommon fatitfa^Hon, 
and are faid to be dbne by a gentleman ' 
who bat nb fuperfor in that ipecies of 
writing, which we are the more in- 
clined to believe, at they abound with 

that 



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ijSi. mfmme 

^te ndb ^cn of genuine bunour 
vykh fe tiOBgly chan&rixci all hii 



T» fit PR I M T£ Rt me. 
ilR, 

MlkxccBoi was ittteffted far die 
^rardi, and accorduiglyy at a 
praKT ag^ was tianM'vca vofn GraoM t^ 
OaM« At tliiaperiod hit heart baat 
h^hfoCnne. fefHendt too» had 
t^ wtnoaft hopes of hit fotore figure 
in hit pffofefioA. Nor without rsafons 
he had pafled through hit fchool 
with die neatcft apphMUe» 
asd '(fifiaginflied hunftlf by a tafte 
asd genint above hb age. Rb ami- 
nen too were aoft engaging ; bit mo* 
de*f» «nero6fy» and good nabire» 
fpinednhn anirer^emmi hit€h4- 
radbBTy when known, loon introduced 
has So the heft compaay of hitcotl^, 
I mean, tlM wordijr and ingeniooti 
liar liich will ahrajt unite when they 
know each other*t charaAcrt. Here a 
fvr Ittld wat opeaed for the mot ad- 
1 latigf out oonneAiont ; hot the 
hr%ht profpeft wat ibon overeat bv 
a atoft BielanclK>ly event, which 
ahiaged hia iato an abyft of milery* 
Thb wat the death of bit fithert oy 
wkkfa hit mothcr*t circuaiftancet were 
ibiedncedy at to be unable to aifxtl 
her Ibu a genteel allowance. He had 
indeed otber relationt who were well 
able to affift him, and who profefled 
the Bkoft toider renrd for him : But 
aooe of them on tbit oeoifion offered 
any aCftaace towa r d t hit cducationi 
thoogh they knew hit mother *t fortune 
inadequate to the charge.— —Thit 
cmd cooduA nipped the fair flower in 
the bud. He fix>n found liimfelf ob- 
liged to decline tbe amofementi of hit 
new acqnaiotance, and by degreet to 
detach himielf entirely from their- 
oompaoy to avoid many meanneflet he 
ochowife muft have been gtdlty of% 
Thit event proved fatal to hit peace. 
To tear op the growing friendfliip 
made every libre of hit heart bleed. 
Mb behavi^ar altered Arom that inftant. 
His coantmance wat overfpread with a 
mounifiil gloom, and a flow melancbo* 
If preyed upon hit heart. His fludiea 
wera entirely negleded i tbe ohill hand 
af penury hid nombed the vigour of 
hbgcuttts) 

And fike the tyranoout breathing of 
the north, 

Cbeck'd all ic't budt from blowing— 



$f Marcellus. f 

Kt hid the moitificsyon -aflerwai^t to 
be thrice diiappoinud of fellowfliipt, 
and they were beftowed on men who 
were formerly acknowledged bitinfe- 
riort in all kindt of learning. Hefeon 
after retired into an obfimra part of 
thskingdom» to a cunqr of fdrtr« 
peundt a yeas; Hit hahk of idtencm 
and hit SMlancholy, which nmde hina- 
apsid c oBiy any , enbfitly tel we^a^- 
asonue to prafrimeht, ^ that he 
oontiBuedsn thit fitnation till he wm 
near fiftjr yeart of a§e, when a relation 
<Mn§ wnhoQt ifibe!^ laic MaroeBut an 
eftaie o^ n thouted pounds a veat. 
Had n finail, a very flnati part m thia 
been beflowed upon hb edueatioH, is 
would have been of niore« ftivice than 
the whole at this tiflw of life. It vpould 
have swihiedhim so have Islaaad the. 
nMft amiable, of •his ac ff nsints n c e » and 
contraaed the moft valuable fiiend^^ 
fliipsi to have ptiHnM hit fludiea with 
alacrkf and fucoeit, and haits laiibd' 
himlelf to the eminenoe he ones aibi* 
red to. But AvmrohadaotgeneroMx 
to give Ui long aa he wm capable of 
enjoying it hiiinetf i luantaMiflboini-^ 
ty never exteadsd hmnd Ibme trivial 
preicnt. Marcellot*s mtune came now 
too latt. A change in hit outward cir* 
cumtancat could not change hb tem« ' 
per which wae flmrsd by difiippoint* 
mentt. Hit reflefiboutv tadesd, on hi* 
^nation, were not Aich at gave ea(e to * 
a troubled annd. He found himfrif 
fsir advanced in lift^ witbout nmking 
the proper i»t>gre{t, without note in 
hit proleiBon, wtibout friendt, with^ 
out any of thofe endearing relatione 
for which alonr Hft it worth ending s 
In the midfl of Society he found him* 
fdf AMfago-and fofiorm He dieda few 
years ^kter the acquiition of his for- 
tune, a melanthoW proof of the neccf- 
flty of m liberal educatien. 

If any peribn coatemed ia^the edu- 
cation of youth flioold read thit ftory^ 
let them not, after a carttaft penifid, , 
throw it aflde at tbe produce of an idler 
imaginatioa that fieekv to amuie Itlelf 
with triflet : Jt i»fa6^, and at fiich ne-- 
F&tt the attention of every (erious per- 
ibncoacemed« 

PHiLOJiCfitra.* 

WE have given our veadert thiv 
month, the fovpth paMt of the 
Map of the n>ad irom London to Ber- 
wick. 



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Tbe Coluber Ceraftcs defcribed. 



8 

A titter from John Ellis, Efq\ F. R, S, 
h thi Prefidint, cm the Comber Ce- • 
' raftefty ^Horned Viper c^ Egypt. 

[Read before the R.S.Dec, n, 1766.]^ 
. My Lorci». • > 

THE CokiberCemftef.or Horned 
Vipers of £|;ypt, jvvfaich I have 
the honour to preient a fpecimenof to 
thtt illvftrioiit fociety, I am intprmed» 
is very rare,' and icarce to be fbund in 
any of the cabinets of natural ;cprio^ > 
£ties. in Europe. Befides» the authors . 
' wbm* have treated on the Ceraftes» as 
Alfnifus and Bellonius, iiave given 
:fQcb iHiOutsfadorjr defcriptions of it, 
and inaccurate iiguret, that I thought 
' nn exa^^ drawing from nature^ toge-^ 
thcr with the bi3: and late^iyitemati- < 
cal atcount'of ity. would be agreeable, 
IS well to the. lovers of antiquity as 
natural hiftory. . . 

The- ancient Egyptians moft cer- . 
taaniy» eftatmed it <a l»eR>gLyphic of. 
' iome importance j for whSi we exa- 
mine iheir monumehta^f the gceateil 
^tiquity, fuch astbetr obeliiks, tem- 
ples, ftatues, palaces, and e^en their 
mummies, we are almoft fare - to 6nd: 
many reprefentations of it op them. 
Thoie two immenfely large ftones, 
btely 'ixrougfat fjrom Alexandria, .iu 
Egypti now in the couFt*yard of the 
Britiih-Mufeum^- wli^ appear to be- 
part of^the grand cornice of foroe. 
magniffcettt. palacci have m:iny figtires 
of the Ceralles curioudy engraved 
upon them. . • . - . •* 
• Dr. Hailelquift, a pupil of the cele- 
brated Linnscus^ whawasJn Egypt in 
1.750, -has given us a particular de* 
rcr4>tioa of this. curious animal} but 
neither he nor the forjner writers on 
Egypt, that- mention tbe*€eraftes, Uy 
any thing.about the venom of its biH. 
This we are. inlbrmed of only by Dr. 
TurnbuU, ;who livedo many yeaa in 
Egypt, both at Alexandria, and Cairo, 
and who was fo kind tp preient me 
with thofe. fpecimens of it. 
. Dp. LinflflBUf, in.bisfyftem-of nature, 
p. ^17, calls it Coluber Ceraftcs. 

Dr. HaiTeiquitt, <in hit Iter., p. 315, 
Coluber Cornutus ; the foUowiug is aa 
extrad from his defcription. 

The heoif, between the horns, is 
much deprefled $ the cheeks are 
fwdled out, (b that the hinder part of 
the head is confiderably . thicken than 
the neck} the (nout is ^hort . and 



J« 



blunt; the outward front of the up 
perand under /^aws have a iinall cavity 
or depreflPion, in both j the noArils pro 
l^& like thofe of a pug dog. 

Ttio ey^ baVe a Bcrpeniiicular nar 
row and black pupil} the iris is of , 
yiclfpwjkh grey colour ^ .the orbits 
the eyes are neatly fet, roun4 witf 
fmall hemifpherical fcales. 

The tongue is divided .at the .extre 
mity iutp. two parts. 
^ The tuth» In the upper jaw then 
tf-e no teeth, but two bpnes placcc 
lengthways in the palate ; in then 
are £xtd ic^trz\ (mall teetli, generallj 
abop( |en : they ibarp,f of an equa 
length > and bend a little towards thi 
tbrpat. On the fides of' the. undc; 
j^w, pear the Xnout, are placed tjirei 
or i^r teeth 1 but npne quite in thi 
fore part or hinder p^ft^ - 

The borus. Juft above the eyes 
nicar the upper part of their orbit 
are two tentacula, which we call horns 
aliout a, quartcfr of an, inch long 
they are not (Iraight, but bend a littl< 
putwai'dsi they are channelled length 
waysj ,iharp pointed, but not verj 
hard y, their bafis'is furrounded with i 
cjixle of truall ere6l fcales. 

The body is narrpw towards tb( 
neck'; the diameter of the thickeft pan 
of the middle about one inch \ the tai 
erows fuddenly taper, and ends in s 
inarp point., - :. ' 

Tht ^loMK. The top of the head 
the. bapk an^l upper part of the tail 
are yariegated witl) large irnrgulaj 
fppts, of a bright ochry colour, 01 
rcddifb brown i the thrpat, belly 
and umlcrpart of the tail, are whitilh 

The levi^b of this fpecimen (See th< 
Plate.) is as follows; from the nofc 
to the ai|U8 21 { iiT^^hes, the tail 3 { 
inches; io that the whole ferpent 'u 
%6 inches long. ^ . 

The f/plly b covered with 145 broac 
fcales, or fcuta; the tail with 43 paii 
qffinall Scales, or fqpaipse.^ 
, The .number of fquamseand fcuts 
have been thought by late authors tc 
be the beft method of determining 
tj.ie ipectes of ferpeats ; but they an 
not Ignorant that they differ a few 
now and (hen : Haflclquid reckoning 
150 fcuta, and 50 pair of fquamae, tc 
his ^olulxer cornutoi. 

I am,' my lord, yogr lordfhip's 
Mel\ obedient humhle Tervant, 
John £j>lis. 
The 



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Coluber Cera/?es laiwnxi. 




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The Hiflory of the laft SefTion of Parliament, ^c. 

^4 Fnjf9ry of tb^ Sr^o/i of Pa^fiamfHt ^w^ich fhi^im Nov. ii, 1766, ln/ii^ thejixth 
Siff.iK oj iht' Ti'sstfib Pari, ami nt ofGrtJ.\-\\. :t:iiii, -t'./z/ au A:cin/jt ^falltb^ ma- 
Uriai i^efi'.^HS ttirein drirrmlncd^ and cj the Political Di/putts tbciejj oc^^ijloa^d 
*untboat Dears* Conti/i\-J from our Af'pen i:Xy 1767, p. 661. 

'T'HIS inquiry the law fuppoJcd that bone of the kings of Englmd ever 



X every wilc government would 
Uke care to make, before they grant- 
ed any licence for exportation ; and 
whilft oar kings kid either the power, 
pr iofiuencr, to prevent it, they took 
cire, that no felfiih fa£^ion in parlia- 
ment ihould ever deprive the people 
of this liberty to import, or this re- 
ftraint upon the export of the necefla- 
ries of life, by cftabliQiing a monopo- 
ly of fuch necefiaries in favour of the 
proprietors of our land tiiates. It 
«vas extremely right, and was al- 
wajs the pra^ice to give fome fmall 
advantage to tiie proprietors of eur 
own lands by k>ading the importation 
of foch neceiTaries with a fmall duty, 
and when we had too great a plenty 
of OQr own produce, it was equal- 
ly rifrbt to allow a part of what we 
hid to be exported for the fupply 
pf our friends who were in want f 
bat to prohibit the importation of 
the necrifaries of life, or to load them 
with very heavy duties, and at the 
(ametiroe to cflablifii a perpetual and 
oalimited licence for exporting them, 
w:ii really granting a monopoly of 
fuch neceilaries in favour of the pro- 
prietors of the lands in England, 
whereby they were enabled to raifc 
the rents of their lands as high as 
they pleafed \ and by the fame regu- 
btions tbey enabled the farmers to 
pay thofe high rents, by raifing the 
price of all lorts of provifions, efpe- 
ctally corn, to a rate much abyve 
what it ought to be in a country 
where the loil is To rich, the climate 
6> moderate, and the people fo in- 
duftrious, as they naturally are in 
England. Indeed, a more effe^lual 
law for this purpofe could not be 
contrived than thtt of eitabiiihing 
a perpetual and unlimited licence 
for the exportation of our corn, 
without leaving it in the power o^ 
the crown to put a ftop to it, for 
erer (b Oiort a time j for during the 
exigence of fuch a law, whillt there 
if a fcarcity of bread io any part of 
Fnropc, there can never be a plenty 
•f oread in England. 
K^fore the union of the crowns, 
Jan. 176? 



did, nor ever would hive con Tented 
to the eftabliihment of fuch a mono<i> 
poiy, becaiife they knew how natural 
it is for all men to aim at railing the 
price of every thing they have foJ 
difpofe of; but before the reftoration 
of Charles the Second, the conftitu- 
tional revenue of the crown had been 
fo exhaufted, by the extravagant and 
then deemed irredeemable grants of 
his preddcedbrs, and the conititutional 
rights of the crown, fo curtailed by 
the interpreutions and decifions of our 
lawyers, that he could not even fubftft 
wit^ any dignity, much lefs be able to 
protect citl.er himfclf, or hii people^ 
even io time of peace, without a Sup- 
ply from his parliament; therefore he 
found himfelf obliged to cor.fcnt to 
every thing that was infifted on by 
his parliament, and of this neceflity 
they beg.^n immediately to take ad- 
vantage; for in i66o they began to- 
eftabiifh this monopoly, and comple- 
ted it in 1670. From the good fenfe 
manifcllcd by Charles the Second up- 
on other occafions, we may fuppofe^ 
that he as little approved of this mea- 
fure as any of his anceftors of Eng- 
land would have 6ov\Ct but in his 
reign he was often compelled to con- 
icnt to mtafures which he did not ap- 
prove of. Of this we l:nve a re-* 
maikable inliancc upon recoid in. 
our hiltory, with regard to the a^ 
fi>r declaring the importation of tattle 
from Iitland a publick and common 
nuif-ince, and tl^erctore prohibiting it 
for the future. Whilft this a(5^ was de- 
pending in parliament, the king de- 
clared that he co«id notinconlcier.ee 
coufeut to ir, yet he was the next year 
obliged to give it the royal afl^nt •. 

i have, indeed heard one argument 
made ufe of in favour of our prefent 
regulations, which, if wtU founded, 
would defei ve our attention : It is 
faid, that if you withdraw the boun- 
ty, or lower the price at which it 
begins to be payable, it would dii'hc:ir- 
ten our farmers fo much, that they 
would negledt tilling or cultivating 
their lands ; hut the author of one of 



the trads pubhflied with the F^rmcr'^ 
B Letters 

• S€i Hi/lory g/ Engla/iJ Ifj Mr, Ralph, "^ 'vol, /. /. 14.3. «/. a. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



10 The History of ibe.laft Scflion of Parliament. 



Letters, has furnifticd us with a fort 
of demon (I ration that there can be 
no foundation for apprehending ^y 
fuch confequcnce. That author hat 
ll^ven U8, not an imaginary calcula* 
tion, but an aftual account, of the cx- 
pcnce of cultivaring twenty acres of 
arable land for nine years, and alfa 
an account of the money he received 
for their produce within that time^ 
Hcj *tis true, fuppofes the hufbrgndman 
to be a farmer, and confeauently 
reckons the lent at a- part of the ex- 
pence of cultivation ; bAit I &uM fup- 
'pofc him to be himfelf the proprietor 
of tbefe twenty acres, and confequent- 
Ik that he pays no rent. In this cafe 
the account, without reckoning the 
fra^lions, will ftand thus : 

Money received for the produce of 
tbefe nine years, 459 /. 

Expence of cultivation in thefe nine 
years, 136/. 

Net profit in nine years. 223 Z, 

Net profit per annum, 24./, 

Net profit per ann. per acre, i /. 4/. 

Can we fuppofe that any farmer will 
be fo di(hcartened by withdrawing the 
bounty or lowering the price at which 
it begins to be payable, as to negle<5t 
cultivating his lands, when he is cer- 
tain, baring accidents, that if he can 
fell his wlieat at 30 s. per quarter and 
l)is barley at 16s. /^quarter (the pri- 
ces received by the author of this ac- 
count) he will receive a net profit of 
%j^%,perann. for every acre of arable 
land he cultivates? It is true> that, if 
the farmer (hould by his leafc be oblig- 
ed to pay his landlord a rent of 15 s. 
jker acre, this may di(hearten him, un< 
Icfs he can fell both his wheat and bit 
barley at a touch higher price ; for we 
cannot wonder that any man (hould 
^udge paying his landlord i^$, per 
acre, wlven he can have but 9 s. to 
bimfelf, for recompencing his care and 
labour, foe anfwericg all accidental 
IdTes, and for paying him a moderate 
iutereft for hit money im ployed in 
ftocking his farm. For this rcafon if 
the prices of our corn be not kept up 
at a much higher rate than 30 s. for 
wheat, and x^s. forbarljey/^quarter, 
no man in his right fenfes would en- 
gage to pay fo high a rent for a farm 
confilling nioftly of arable lands, un- 
lefs it be fituated within a few nules of 
ibme populous city or market town, 
for in that cafe he could turn moft of 
Uii2to graft iaadt* for tbe fatceaiag of 



lain 



(Iieep or black cattle, as the 
author has likewife from his ow^ en 
|>eriei\ce, ihewo, that in fuch a iitua 
tion grafs lands are much more profit 
able than arable lands. * 

But to cotf elude, I believe there wa 
never of late years any defigp in ou 
legidature to withdraw the bounty en- 
tirely, and it would certainly be-wron« 
to do (b ; for it ought to be in all coun< 
tne» an eftablifhed izraxim» to kee£ 
the necdl'aries of life always as neai'l> 
as poffible about the fame price \ be^ 
eauie there is in all countries a numbef 
of labouring people who have nothing 
of the bee quality of being providMds 
futuri. They always Hve, as-it is calleJ 
from hand to mouth, and if they can 
earn as much in four days of the weeJft 
as can fubfift them for (tvtn^ they fpend 
the other three in idlenefs, or in idle 
^mufements. Of fuch labouring people, 
I fay, there is a number in e very coun try f 
but fewer I believe in this than in any 
other, becaufe our labouring poor bare 
for ages been habituated to live better 
than fuch people do in moil countries of 
Europe, and therefore have been obliged^ 
and long accuftomed to do more work 
than is done in any other country in the 
fame time ; for in all countries there fe 
fuch a certain juft proportion between 
the price of labour and of the necefikriee 
of life imperceptibly eftablifhed, that ev- 
ery labouring man muft labour at lea ft fix 
days in the week in order to provide 
that fort of food, raiment, and lodging 
which is cuftomary among thofe ot hni 
trade, in the country where he lives 7 
unlefs he be fuch an extraordinary 
workman as to be able to do as much 
in four days as is ufually done by thofe 
of the fame profeffion in fix,; and fuch» 
men, if they are provident, generally 
foon grow rich. 

Genei*ally fpeaking, therefore, every 
labouring man is obliged to labour ^\ig 
days in every week, in order to provide 
for his family, except ift. when by 
any accident, the price of labour bat 
been raifed in foihe particular fort of 
bufinefs far above th^ ufual j and fe* 
condly when, by a run of plentiful 
yeais, the price of the neceifaries of 
life has fallen much below its iiluah 
The caules of the hrii are fo various* 
that it ii impofUble to prevent it by a 
general law, ouy otherwife than by a 
law for pieventing a combination, either 
among the journeymen, or among tht 
uuftcrsy for it would be uigiilt to pre- 
vent 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



i;6g. ne History of the laft Seflion /Parliament. 

^cBt it among the former^ without tak- 
iaf care to prevent it cfiedaally 
tlie atter. Bat as to the 



IC 



aooae 

liicoBo, I htnobty think, it may be 
lAi great mcafare prerented by one 
general iaw for c(^aMifhing and ex- 
peiUydiftinguiOiing three feveral prices 
«f com, which in all countries is the 
cfcief ueccflkry of life: The firft and 
iovet of tbefe prices ought to be (ettled 
at tint at which a bounty ihall begin to 
be payable, and ibouldbe that which 
fti the oiiBal price of Ponft or German 
wheat, aiKl the other forts of corn in 
proportion, becaufe as our wheat is 
Mierthan tbdrs, it would induce the 
Oatch to keep their -magaztnes always 
tared with Britiib rather than PoIl(h 
com, and thereby enable them to Tup- 
ply this nation in a time of great fcar- 
ocy} for I doubt if anj magazines 
can erer be eftablifiied m this king- 
dom, bccaofe to do it at the public 
charge would be vaftly expenfive, and 
private «ea will never undertake it, at 
they can aiake aiore of their money in 
•or pcblfc iiiiida, than they can exped 
by imploTiiig it in ibcb a trade. 

The fecood of tbefe prices ought to 
be fettled at that abov« which no expor- 
tation Iball be admitted, and (hould be 
twoortbrec (killingt^^r (quarter above 
tiie common price of Sicilian or Afri- 
can wlieat, becauie as their wheat is 
better than oars, whilft they can have 
Id Portugal, Spain, or Italy, a fuffi- 
cicot liipply &om thence, we could not 
expcd to iell any of ours, nnlefs we 
fell it at a cheaper rate than the wheat 
of either of thofe countries, but when 
tbey cannot have' a fufEcient fopply 
fpom tb«ace, and are ready to pay any 
price for ourt, if we were to admit an 
oniimited exporution, we (hould foon 
be in danger of a famine amongft our- 
Idvet. 

The third and higheft of theie prices 
•Qgbt to be fettled at that at which a 
free importation of com from all coon- 
tries is CO be admitted. I fay a free 
importation, without paying even that 
^m%f which at all other times ought 
to be payable upon the importation of 
foreign necef&ries for the encourage- 
■icnt of our own produce $ and this 
vrioe, in my bumble opinion, (hould 
be 6>tded at 3^ s. ^ quarter of wheat, 
and for other ibrtf of grain in propor- 
tion. 

By (mk% law it this, with a power 



always loffged in the crown to prohi- 
bit the expoiiation of our own corn • 
or admit the free importation of fo- 
reign, upon any extraordinary emer- 
gency, fach a ]ii(V and certain pro- 
portioiii between the wages of our la» 
bouring poor and the price of the 
nfccfTaries of life would by degrees 
be cftablifhcd, that we could never 
lofe the labour of our poor for many 
days in the year, by the low price of 
corn, nor vfow\d any frugal induftrious 
family be^evcr brought into diftrcfs, by 
the price being (o high as to be entirely 
out of the reach of their ufual wages« 

I hai'e already mentioned the debate 
that happened the firlt day of the leA 
iion, with refpe6l to the embargo upon 
the exportation of wheat and wheat 
flour, iffued the a6th of September 
1766, by the king's folc authority*. 
This queftion was not then thought 
neceflary to determine. However in 
both houfes the members continued to 
be divided upon this quelHon, ilnd as 
thofe who were of the negative Cc^e, 
were likewife of opinion, that the pair- 
ing of fuch a bill at that time could fcU 
dom if ever be attended with any bad 
confequences, therefore on the xSth of 
November they made no great oppofi- 
tion to a motion then made, for leave 
to bring in a bill for the better pro- 
teflon and fecurityof aH perfbns who 
have a^led in purfuance of, or obedi- 
ence to, the late Order of council, lay- 
ing an embargo on wheat and wheat 
flour ; and the motion being thus 
agreed to, Mr. Secretary Conway and 
Mr. Onflow were ordered to pre- 
pare, and bring in the fame. 

On the 14th an inftru6iion was or- 
dered nem, con. to the gentlemen ap- 
pointed to bring in thb bill, that they 
do make provihon in the (aid biH, for 
difcharging all proceedings, againil 
any perfons, for or on account of the 
faid embargo; and on tht fame day 
Mr. Secretary Conway pftiented tbc 
bill to the houie, when it was read a 
firft time, and ordered to be read a 
fecond time, and to be printed, which 
it was on the third of December* and 
eonimitted to a committee of ths 
wlK>le houfe. In the mean time, >z, 
November the s 5th a motion was mi^t 
for addrefling his majefty to eive di- 
re^ions, that there be laid before this 
houfe, full acounts and perfect copies of 
all applicattoas> infofRUtions, and evi- 
B a denccs» 

fit our laft ikL /. 44.5. 



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1 2 ^he H I STORY of the laft 

fences, coocfrning the prices and 
quantity of corn in this kingdom and 
concerning the ncce0ity of prohibiting 
the exportation tber<;of, made, deli- 
vered, and olVcred, to his majtily, or 
his privy council, during the lecel'sof 
parlinment j and alfo, a copy of tus 
majefty's order in council for ill'uing 
the proclamation, which was publiihca 
on the 26th day of September bit palk, 
and of the faid proclamation j but up- 
on the qutftion's l)eing put it paH'ed in 
the negative : and on the 5th of Dtc. 
after reading the oiderof the day it wa$ 
moved, that it be an inftruf^ion to the 
faid committee that th^y have power 
to receive a claufe or clauffs, to afcer- 
tainthe charges and damages fullained 
in confequence of the late ord<f in 
council and proclamation for prohi- 
biting the exportation of wheat and 
wheat flour, by or on account of any 
demurrage or of any injury orexpcncef 
occafioned by keeping the faid corn on 
board, or by loading or unloading the 
fame. But upon the quelUon's being 
put it pafled in the negative, as it de- 
fervcd ; for I am really furprifed hove 
fuch a motion came to be made j as it 
was an inftru£lion that was impolFible 
to bi complied with, unlefs the com- 
mittee upon this bill had l^een to fit for at 
leaft a twelve month, in order to inquiry 
jnto and determine the multitude of 
<:laims that would have bein made on 
this account and after they had done io 
i fhould be glad to know how or by 
whom the claimants were to be fatis- 
fied i ior it would have been moft un- 
juft \o have charged the public with 
fuch an expencc, as all loffcs and da- 
^nages occalioned by any public mea- 
fure, which wasabTolutcly nectflary for 
preventing the ruin of the nation, are 
accidental mi^^^oriunes which every 
^ubjedl is obl^ed by t\\t nature of fo- 
ciety tp fub;|^t toj the public may ?if- 
terwards in^cbarity give a» much relief 
as it can fpare to thofe that have by 
fuch misfortunes b^en reduced to re^l 
<Jlftrcr«, ^ but charity can never be 
chargpd^ as a debt upon the public, no 
BiOre^iihan upon any private man. 

^^9^ thefe reafons I fay this motion 
dcferved to have a negative put upon 
it.iand then the houfe, after having 
go«e through tha bill with feveral 
amendments, ordered the report to be 
xeoeived on the Stl\, wl^cn it was made 
by Mr. l^uller, o^p oj the aratendrntnts 



Seffion of Parli^m^nt. . Jan 

diljigreed to, the reft agreed to, am 
feveral amendments being made bj 
the houfe, the bill, with the amend 
meats was ordered to be ingrofi'ed 
On the 9th the bill bdng now intitie< 
a bill for indemnifying fuch perfon 
as have aited for the fervicc of thi 
public in advifingor carrying into cxe 
cution the order of council, of thi 
26th of September laft, for laying ai 
embargo on all (hips laden with whea 
or wheat flour, aiid for preventing 
fuits in confeqTience of the faid embar 
go, was read the third time, paffed 
and fent to the lords, where it wa 
agreed to without any amendment 
and received the royal afleot on th 
i6th. 

As to the fubftance of thit aft i 
will fully enough appear from the titl 
and the inllruaion upon which it wa 
founded j but there is fomething cii 
rious in the preamble, therefore Lfhal 
give it the reader at full length. 1 
recites as follows : His majefty havinj 
been pleafed, by an ordef in council 
bearing dste the «6th of September laft 
to order, that an embargo (hould bi 
laid upon all (hips and veifels laden o 
to be laden in the ports of Great Bri 
tain, with wh^at or wheat flour to bi 
exported to foreign parts, from th 
date thereof, until the i4tb of Novem 
ber fallowing : ivbicb order could no 
be jujiffied by law but was ^o much fo 
the fervice of the public, and io ne 
ceQary for the fafety and prefervatioi 
of his majeftr's fubjefts, that it ough 
to be juftified by aft of parliament 
and all perfons advi/mgf or afting tin 
der or in obedience to the (ame in 
dcmnified : It is therefore enafted, &c 
From the firft title of this bill we ma] 
judge that the words in italicks wen 
not at firft in the preamble, Hut wen 
inferted by way of amendment in th 
committee, and proceeded from a jea 
louly of the conllitutional powers o 
the crown which fome people fccm ftil 
to be polFefTcd witl?, though it couh 
never be more groundlcfs or unfeafon 
able, as we have now more 1 eafo'n u 
fear that the crown has not a conftitu 
tional power fuScient to ftem the tor 
rent of a faftious majority in botl 
houfes, that (ball confederate togethe 
for fetting up an oligarchy j but w* 
have now a great deal to fear from ai 
anticonltational power in the crown 
which hab be^n gi*owing eicer fine* 

176a 



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y/SS. The History of thi lafi Scffion cf Karliamcnt. 



n 



f^6Q» fiheri our parlUments fir^ began 
to raife a public rcYcnue by taxing the' 
confamption infU^ of the property o^ 
the peoplpf and which it now called 
Wibery aod corruptioa. 

I have already given an account o€ 
tne of the fortunate bUh brought in 
V>d pafled in cQnfe(|uence of the par- 
Uacaeatary inquiry into the affairs oft 
•ur Baft India company * and (hall 
^w proceed to give an account of 
6ich of the reft at I think the moil 
importajit. On the 13th of May, a 
motion was made, and leave given, to 
taring in a bill to regulate the quahfi- 
cations of Eaft India ftock, and Mr. 
Onflow. Mr. Price Campbell, Sir Wil- 
liam Baker, Mr. Fuller, Sir George 
Colebrooke, Mr. Cuft, Mr. Coventry, 
Mr Walih« and Mr. Ongley y^ere or- 
dered to prepare and bring in the 
kme. 

On the 19th, There was prefented 
to the houfe the following extraordi- 
nary petition, which, becaufe of its 
beinf of an extraordinary nature, 
Knd becaafe of the extcaordinary fate 
it met with, I (hall give at full leneth 
as follows : It was intitled a petition 
of the united company of merchants of 
EngUnd trading to the Eafk Indies, 
«id being read \ fet forth, that the pe- 
titioners obferve, by the votes of this 
ivoufe, that a bill is depending for fur- 
ther regulating the making of divi- 
dends by the Eaft India company, and 
that the petitioners are advifed, that 
certain ciaules in the ftid bill as now 
propofed, if pafTed into a law, would 
prove extremely prejudicial to the 
rights and property of the petitioners, 
and would materially affeft gublic cre- 
dit in general, as well as the particular 
intereft of that company ; and that the 
petitioners apprehend that the motives 
to the coadua of the proprietors! at 
their late general courts, with relation 
to the dividend they have agreed to, 
ajs well as the circumftances of the 
company, which induced them to vote 
fuch a dividend, have been very much 
mifuoderllood ; ^nd therefore praying, 
that the petitioners may have leave to 
lay before the houfe, the true ft ate of 
thofe matters, and may be heard, by 
themfelves, qt their counfel, agitinft 
(hch parts of the (aid bill as may affne^b 
their intereft. 

Upon this it was moved to refer the 
petition, to the comoittee upon this 



bill, and that the petitioners fhould be 
heard by their couniel thereupon if 
they thought fit j and though the me- 
thods by which the authority of the 
company was obtained for prefenting 
this (petition were very well known, 
yet this motion was fupported by feve- 
xal members ; but, a( laft it was moved 
and ordered that the debate be adjourn- 
ed till next day 9 after which it was 
ordered, that the Eaft India company 
do la^ before the houfe, to morrow 
morning, sm account of the proceed- 
ings of the general court holden ycf- 
terday, with fnch prote(h as were 
made at the fame court ^ and that the 
chidrman aiid deputy chairman of the 
(aid company, or one of them, do at- 
tend this houfe to morrow morning ; 
andrthen it was refolved, that the laid 
company do lay before this houfe a 
Kft of the names of the feveral pro- 

{metors of Eaft Indi;( ftock, who bal- 
otted at the general court of the faid 
company which was holden yeftcrday ; 
together with the quantity of ftock in 
each perfbns name who baliotted, and 
their places of abode. 

There was then prefented to the 
hoiife and read a petition, under the 
modeft title of a petition from the under 
fubfcribers, proprietors of Eaft-India 
ftock, and although it was of the fame 
tenor with the former, and almoft in 
the very fame words, yet fuch regard 
was (hewn to it, that it wa^ prefcntly 
referred to the faid committee, and 
the petitioners had leave to be heard 
upon their faid petition, if they 
thought fit. 

Next day, before the debate upon 
the former petition was refumed, Mr. 
Ontiow prefented to the houfe a bill to 
regulate the qualifications of the pro- 
prietors of Baft India ftock, when it 
was read a firft time, and ordered to 
be read a fecond time } and before the 
rifmg of the houfe they refumed the 
faid adjourned debate, but having 
previouay ordered to be read, the ac- 
count of the proceedings of the gene- 
ral court of the faid company, holden 
the fgth of May 1767, wherein are 
inferted fuch protefts as were made at 
the fame court ; and alfo minutes of 
the court of direAors of the faid com- 
pany, holden on the 19th of May 
i767> relating to the proteft of the 
faid court againft the reiolution of th e 
general court of the itth of May 

• Su our lafi vol* p, 6^^. 



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LATE CHANGES 



14 

i7<79 for proceedifigr immedittely to 
a ballot on a queilion propoM at the 
iakS general court i and the fame be- 
ing accordingly read, they very 
olaitily niew;ed that the petition had 
been obtained by thofe means which 
tbe bill intended to put an end to» 
confequently the queftion for referring 
the petition wat not on]y carried in 
the negative, but the petition itfelf 
rejc(5tcd. 

ITo be contimted in our next,'] 

From the Political Register. 

ro the EDITOR. 
SIR. 

AS fcveraf great and material 
changes have been made m the 
sdminklration of government iiitce the 
publication of your laA number, and 
as your readers will doubtlefs expeft 
fome account of them, I will give yoa 
what I believe may be depended upon: 
buty to date the apparent motives of 
thel'e changes, it will be necefl'ary to 
take a flight retrofpeft of the occur- 
rences of the laii four months. It is 
phin, from both the eventand the na- 
ture of the fu mm er- negotiation with 
the marquis of R. (fee our hift vol. 
p. 446.) that the miniilry did not 
then think themlelves ftroog enough 
to iland the enfuijig winter ; and the 
death of Mr. Townfliend, which hap- 
pened foon after the failure of that ne- 
fotiatioa, rendered them dill weaker, 
ly powerful folicitation a fuccefibr to 
Mr. Townfhend's place was obtained \ 
but the want of his abilities was fe- 
verely felt by the furviving miniflers \ 
ahd it was obvious, that they could not 
go on with the public buiinefs without 
receiving fome afTiftance from the op- 
pofition. The Marquis of R. they had 
twice entreated without effe6| ; Mr. 
G. they dreaded : they co^feiTed his 
abilities, but were afraid to put their 
own inferiority into the fame fcale. 
What then mull they do ? Or to whom 
Ihould they apply ? They took no (leps; 
}ike people who had given themfelves 
up to defpair, they truiled to chance, 
which has wrought more in their fa- 
vour than any of their mod (anguine 
friends durft have wiOied, or could 
have expe^ed : for, upon the meeting 
of p— , it was evident, from what 
paffed the firft day, that the feveral 

threat parts of the oppofition were fo 
ar from beiiig united, that there was 



Jan, 



a ftrong diverfity of opinion tmongft 
them : upon this the minifter threvr 
out the offer of a treaty to a fele^ num- 
ber of the friends of the D. of B. 
Thefe accepted the propofal : but, ae 
it regarded only a few, a declaratioa 
was made to the other refpedable 
perfons, who had a^ed with, and 
adhered to, that intereft with uncor* 
rupted fidelity 4 " 7bat it tvoj hoped 
their 4icceptance of the offer nvbi^k had 
been mmd§ to tbem, ^njjould not be confidered 
eu a brea<b 0/ the good faith that hadfuk^ 
fified betnioeen tbem '' 

A fubdivifion of one of the parts of 
oppofition being thus efFe6ied, a nego- 
tiation for terms of acceptance was 
openly fet on foot ;-and, by the twen- 
ty- fecond day of December 1767, the 
following arrangements were agreed 
upon: 

Earl Gower, lord-prefident of the 
council, in the room 6f the earl of 
Northington, who retnres upon a pen- 
iion of 4000I, per annum, 
. Earl of Hiilfborough, Secretary of 
ftate for the American cokenies.— i# 
iwu) office, 

Vifcount Weytnouth, fecretary of 
flate for the northern department in 
t^e room of Mr. Conway. 

Mr. Conway to have the firft milita- 
ry vacancy worth his acceptance. 

Earl of Sandwich, joint poft-mailer, 
in the room of Lord Hiilfborough. 

Lord Charles Spencer, a lord of the 
admiralty, (in the room of Mr. Jen<« 
kinfon, made a lord of treafury ibme 
weeks before. 

Right Hon. Mr. Ri^by, one of the 
joint vice-treafurers of Ireland, in the 
room of Mr- Ofwald, who retires with 
the reverfion x>f a lucrative place in 
Scotland for his fon. 

Hon. Hen. F. Thynne, matter of 
the houfhold, in the room of Mr. Har- 
ris, deceafed. 

Richard Vernon, Efq; a clerk of 
the board of green cloth, in the room 
of the Hon. Mr. Ore v. 

The idea of a third fecretary of 
Hate, whofe bufinefs is to be conbned 
to the colonies only, is not a new one i 
nor is it a meafure that is wholly un- 
necefl'ary. It was originally propufed 
at the time that Lord Hallifax was iirft 
lord of trade; but the expence of fuch 
an additional department was the ob-. 
jc6iioo to its being then carried into 
execution, though it was intended 

that 



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ij6S. 



ACCOUNTED FOR. 



»5 



tliat the emplojrment of third fecre- 
mrf (hcuki be gtven to the fif ft lord of 
trade, io order to fere the expence of 
OQt of the faiaries. Upon the acceflk^a 
of the marquis of R. to power, 

the iaioe fcbeme of fecrctary of ftate 
for the colonies was again adopted, 
aod the employment was ftili intended 
to be givea to the fif ft lord of trade, 
hr the fame reafbn as before. Aod^ 
to prevent a» amch as pofllble an in- 
crea& of expence, it was alfo intended 
that the clerks of the board of trade 
Ihottld likewife be the clerks of the 
Bew iecrebu-y, and that the lords of 
trade ihouid be a kind of council to 
him. Bat when this plan was ready to 
be carried into execution, and nothing 
rtnuined to be done, btix for Lord 
Dartmoath (who was then firft lord of 
trade) to kiis his M— ^»*s hand upon 
k. Lord Cb— — at that inftant came 
lAto power, and, becauie he woul4 ^^^ 
adopt any plan of a predeceiTor's, he 
^(approved of this •fa third fecretary; 
which was the true and only realbn of 
Lord D^-^'^^^S' resignation on the 3otH 
of July, 1766. Lord Ch— 's firft 
meaiure of government, after he had 
made his arrangements, was to trans- 
fer the American buGnefs from the 
board of trade to the ofHce of fecretary 
£oc the fouthem department, and the 
board of trade he reduced to the capa- 
city of a board of reference only ; in 
which cajMcity, by thefe laft, altera- 
tions, it M ftill to remain. 

From the manner in which the co« 
kmy-bofinefs has of late been tranf- 
aded, or rather negleded,..the necef- 
ity of a fecretary of ftate for the colo- 
nies only, has been more manifeft ; 
and it would certainly be deemed, by 
Aoft men, a right meafure, if it had 
■ot the appearance of zjob, 

A creation of new offices is an ac- 
CMiiilation of power to the crown, 
which is ever to be dreaded in this 
coontry, for a time may come, when 
EngU/hmen m2y not be fo happy to 
have a George the Third upon the 
throne, it is pofTihle, that a prince 
of a contrary complexion and princi- 
ples, may hereafter fway the fceptre 
of this country ; and what can hinder 
foch a prince from making a wicked 
a(e of this increafed prerogative ? Bur- 
act fays, upon Queen Anne's creat- 
imm twelve new peers to carry the j»b 
oTdie peace of Utrecht, thisgh nolfodf 



C9mU MJhnU the p07Joer of the tromm fli 
trtate tio/e petri, yet /neb am extraorJi- 
nary gxertion^ of the pnrogative lums rt-m 
garded by tb£ pmpU as £utgerou» io ^60 
bappmefi and inUrefts of tbt kiMgdom^ and 
fo in fai^, it proved ; for, a few day* 
after the lntrodu6tion of thofe loid* 
into the upper houfe, the court car* 
ried a quettion by the majority of them 
only. The minifters then ventured 
upon making that infamoos peace 
which fo immediately fucceeded. Ia 
a like manner ought we to regard, 
and to be alarmed at, an increafc of 
places, as bein^ liable, in bad hands, 
to equal mifchiefs and abufes. 

To the manner of this new appoint- 
ment of a third fecretary of ftate there 
are two obje^ions $ one is, the in- 
creafe thereby made to t^e power of 
the crown, which has been juft men- 
tioned ; the other is, the expence it 
will be to the public ; for; being an 
entire new office, there muft, of courfe, 
be a new eftabliihraent for it, whicb 
will amount to no inconfiderable Ciint 
annually. Then comes the falary of 
the fecretary himfclf, and poflibly aa 
under fecrctary, who probably may be 
a member of^ parliament, which, if 
they are not more, will at leaft be the 
hme with thofe of the other Ocretaries 
of ftate, and may therefore be lafeljr 
put down at Socol. per annum. 

So that upon the whole, this change 
of hands may fairly be (aid to have 
been accomplifhed at the additional 
expence of at leaft 14. or 15000I. per 



Second Letter from Mr, J. J. RoufTeaa 
$0 Mr. D. .(See laji i/«/. p, 534. J 
Dear Sir, 

THOU GH I hare long fincc form- 
ed a refolution to live in a nar- 
row corner of this heap of dirt, un- 
known to the world, and forgot by it \ 
I will yet take the liberty of addref- 
(ing to you a few of my letters, I 
know the ties of gratitude, tics, in 
my opinion, as lacred as thofe of 
friendship; a word common even 
among traitors. How great is the 
number of thcfc mifcreanti I I will not 
talk like a moralift, left I (hould 
frighten away the monfters. The 
evil is general, the remedy ineffec- 
tual, and a reformation impoffible. 

Confidcr, weak, vain, and impe- 
rious man I coniidcr thy own infigni- 

hcancc 



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f$ 



Letter frim Rbufldaul 



JsOT. 



icanct, thy ci^ nothingheft t remeni'^ 
ber the duft whence thou art fpruitgr f 
and if the view of thy olrigin filll thw 
trith humility ; why, let me a(k thee^ 
4oft thou ever lofc figlvt of It ? , Wind 
inonfter I thou art great only in thind 
#wn eyes. Quit thy pr^ud palaces, 
withdraw from the buille of popUk>us 
tfitfet i come» if thou haft couri^, 
come, and learn wifdom in thefe woOdsJ 
Behoid f hofe animals, vile indeed; in' 
t4iy efHmation! but hehord and ad- 
mire them, and be covei-^d thyfelf with 
frame. Amongft them there pi^&ils 
no rivalOiip; nature is their g;uide 
and their ia«r, Uniform and innocent 
nature j but that fame nature, which 
thou aUedgeft in excufe of thy crimes $ 
upon her thou throweft the blame of 
all thofe black and atrocious deeds, 
which proceed only from thy own hf ad- 
ftrong and brutal pafiions. Oh 1 man, 
kow contemptible art thou in my eyes 1 
Thou monger of iniquity * But, f'uch 
is thy incurable blindnefs, thou art 
not alhamed of thy own wickedn^fa. 

You fee, my dear friend, I am not 
afraid to difcover to you, my moft 
ftcret thoughts. There are ftill in the 
^orld fome MtGt fpirits, who deferve 
fhat tender appellation, that honour- 
able title, infinitely preferable to M 
rhofe vain titles, which human vanity 
hath arrogated to itfelf. You deferve, 
fay dear friend, by your ingchuous 
tondu£t^i the warmeft wifhes of my 
keart \ you have already deferved them 
by your difintereftednefs and eenero- 
fity. A prcfent fo fmall is little wor- 
thy of your acceptance : may mv zeal 
and fi ncerity add valoe to the gift. 

1 4obk down with difHaiii upon the 
pride of cities. To me a retired and 
ioKtary life hath charms more attrac- 
tive than the gilded palaces of kings; 
jialaces of dirt, erected by vanity, and 
inhabited by vanity, i he true mo- 
aarch, is he who enjoys himfelf, were 
ik in the midft of the moft gloomy 
ferefts. To you, ye wild beafts, to 
you of right belongs the foveretgnty of 
the woods : you pofTefs them as malters. 
'Tit man alone, that cruel monftcr, 
that troubles your repofe. Not fatis- 
fied with making war upon his equals, 
he conies armed fdr your dett ration ^ 
for you he lays fnares, and. with a heart 
full of malice, he rubs you of thofe 
hIcffingSy which he hath not procuicd 
for you, but which you denv« irem 



nature I yoa, who, content witii 
acorns or thiilfes, envy him not hH 
treafiires, fVequently the fruit of hii 
rapine and extortion. 

Yes, myxfcar fiiend, I can eafily 
read the fentiments of your heart j 
€Jf that heatt, fo tender, fo fmccre and 
Virtuous. YoCi appi^ve my condu6^, 
and I am proud of your approbation.* 
Generous Pylades I I could live the 
age of Neftor tvith fuch an Orcftes as 
yoii 5 but incdnffcancy, you know, iii 
the chara6ier}ftic of man ; and fiich, I 
Own, it my foible. I ato a man, and^ 
t( confequence, am fubjedt to the faiU 
iKgs of humanity. Elbquent in delii 
Verialf the moft excellent precepts, 
mew are thfemfelvcs the firft to tranf- 
^efs thtem : ' they fuffel* thcmfelves t<> 
be hurried away by the whirlwind of 
inconitancy. A thoufand times have 
i made vows; a thoufand times have 
I broken them. I confefs my faults | 
I repent of them ; and next moment I 
fall into new ones. With fo many 
6aufes for humility and abafement. 
6ught any one in this world to be puft 
lip with pride ? You fee, my friend, 
I acknowledge my weaknefs, and d(> 
not didemble it ; bUt pity, tended 
pity, (hall always be my favourite vir- 
tue. I could luit my temper to the 
humours of the world : but I dread 
men, and their dark defigns \ and I 
therefore withdraw Tnyfclf from thd 
BOife of thofe venemous infe6ts, wh6 
want oaly to fting atkl bite you, and 
to Idck your blood, to fatten thci^ 
own leannefs. I fly Inen without hat- 
ing them : I only hate their vices ; 
and hateful as thefe are, why ihould 
I love them ? 

Long, perhaps too long, have phi- 
k>fof>hers declaimed againft perndy,' 
clifhonefty, treachery; monfleu brerf 
in fociety j nourifhed, cherifhcd, and 
•ncoui*aged in fociety. Overturning 
their reafbnin^ by the coaife of their 
axioms, men biive offered iiiccnfe to* 
the ruins of thofe idols, which they 
had juft been deltroyiug ; and lorry, 
it would feera, for having denioliftted 
them with one hand, they have reared 
them up with the other, and have paid 
them all their worfhip. Such is man i 
luch is that being, who, with the moft 
ridiculous vanity, prefers bimlelf X6 
other animals, and dares infollentl^ 
fay, " I have reafon for my guide.** 
Why, thou monftcr ! thorn odious rbtri^ 

pound 



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17S8. Cafe ef dfr48uridR% ^a 



»7. 



paoptdof bafi»efii, ofignomioey and 
fnckabds» why then doft thon not 
makit nfi^ <^u ? Exjilt thyfelf at much 
m thoa wilt, thy roiierjr is not on that 
armnt the left real. 

l«ni weuy, my dear liriend, of writ- 
lagtoyoo, truths ib mortifying to bu- 
Banity ; and, perhaps, at the fame 
liflK I aboie yoor parience \ but this is 
a fiifpicion, which, without doing 
^o« iniufticey I can by no means en* 
tRtun. I know yon too well to 
4ofibc your cocnp^ifance. Adieu, Sir; 
accept lay moft humble refpefb. 

J. J. RoussBAtr. 

MxtraB fnm fhi third F^tme ff Medi-. 
cai Ob(enradons and Enquiries. By 
A Society of Pbyiicians in London. 

O^ ^ sJirsBured Kjh^ and anmarka- 

hie Emplyftma, 
^ A Man about ^xty years of age» 

XlL of a heahhy conftitution^ imd 
hx fiyres, on the tSth of May, tf6%f 
leU with Tiolcfice on the fpiked points 
•f a paliiading. Externally, there ap* 
Cleared so wound, but a flight fcratch, 
with little or no teniion or ioflamma- 
tioB* " On examining the part; one 
vf the ribs of the left fide was found 
badured j and, on preiTing gently, a 
liBiii emphyiematoos tumor was per* 
Mved upon the part^ about the fize 
ci a crown-piece. 

Ofl the leail mot]on« be breathed^ 
with pain and di£^u1ty. He was im- 
jBediately Wed pretty freely. The 
poit was embrocated with fpirits and 
vinmr, and a pUfloer, coraprefs, and 
bandage applied.—- About iix o'clock 
ihe iame evening,, the patient was in 
much pain, and the trunk of his body, 
with one iideof his face, much fwelled. 
The plafter and bandage were removed, 
and the cmphyfema was found to ex- 
tend itfelf over bo^ breaib, all along 
the left fide backward, to the fpine, 
down as k>w as the os facrum and 
fljom, all along the neck and face^ 
HMticulariy on the fide on wl^ich be 
had lain, (o that the right eye- lids 
were much io^ated, and the eye in* 
tirdy clofed up. 

On fuch unexceptionable authority, 
without farther hefitation, a longitu- 
dinal inciixon was made of about an 
inch and a half, above the fraSure, 
ivbete the fweUiog appeared mod pro- 
vioent. The air immediately rulhed 

Jaa# 1767. 



out with |K>ife and violence, and even 
a coniiderable time afterwards, by 
ftroking and oreiEng the parts all' 
around, towards the opening, con- 
tinued to pafs oflF, with a piping, 
crackling noife. He was very foon 
moii fenhbly relieved by the operation* 
and could breathe and fwalJow prett/ 
freely, which he could not do before 
without pain and difficulty. 

The fame gentle efforts were per^ 
fevered in, for near an hour and half» 
by which the fwelling, in every part> 
was greaMy reduced, and the right 
eye perfcdtiy freed and opened. Aim 
ter dreiXxng the part fuperficially, a 
Urge comprefs^ dipped in fpirits andl 
vinegar, with a Jong flannel bandage^ 
was applied pretty tight, round the 
whole trunk.— -At three or four 
O^clock next morning, he became very 
uneafy, the fwelling increafed, and 
confequently the thorax became too 
much confined by the (Irid^re of the 
bandage, which beins removed, an4 
the parts again ftroked towards the 
orifice, a large quantity of air waa 
evacuated. After this, he was again 
fenfibly relieved, and (lept fome hours 
in a pofhire between fitting and lying. 

About ten the next morning, he 
was much cooler, his pulfe more mo- 
derate and regular, his third greatly 
abated, and his refprration fVce. On 
removing the bandage, though the 
fwelling was not much inci-^a'ed on 
the injured part, yet it had extended 
itfelf all along the right fide, and 
down below the cubit of the right arm 
particularly, which, on prefiing, made 
a confiderable crackling noife, fo that 
it might be heard all over the room. 

The next day, the emphyfema had 
affc<5lcd the groins, and the upper 
part of the fcrotuni, but in every other 
place ieemed at a ftand. From this 
time, the emphyfema gradually fubfid- 
ed, in all parts of the body, fo that no 
more incifions were thought necefTary. 
Whenever he coughed, he, could hear 
the air fly o^ with a bubbling noife, 
from the orifice/' 

In this article, there is the follow^ 
ing letter from Dr. Huxham to Mr^ 
Leake, on empbyfematoos care8> from 
internal caufes. 

. «* Dear Sir, 

The cafe of the emphy(ematous p:i- 
tient, which you ^ave drawn up, and 
whicbi you know, I alio examined, i$ 

C very 



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it 

▼ery fimiltr to t1i*t fo lodicioiifly rdat- 
e4 by Dr. Hunter, ih the fecond vo- 
tome of the medical Obfervationi and 



inquiries. 

Indeed, an emphyfema doth npt un- 
ct)mmon1y happen on a frafture of the 
libs, and a laceration of a lobe of the 
lungs. But an emphyfema of a large 
extent, without any kind of lacertitioA 
of the lungs, or fraftute of a rib, it 
Hot fo common, nor fo eafily account- 
ed for. The following cafe is, I think, 
Ibmewbat fingulan 



dafo of an Imphyfe"^. JanI 

that putridity, lK>th in ▼e^^eCabte ami 
animal fubiuncee, gcncratet air» cnr 
rather raifet it from a fited to an da& 
tic (Ute. 

I am perfuaded this more fireqvcotljr 
happens ih ptttrid oiaUgaant fevert» 
than if commonly imagined % and iti» 
not improbable, that eiaftic air may be 
generated even in the arterial and ve* 
ilous fyftem, and be produSive of t^-^ 
rible fymptoms,. vaft oppreffion^ anx* 
iety, palpitation, intermitdng puKe» 
deiiqv — •" — t-t-t. — -. — ^r^ — 



About three years ag6, a fuU-bo* 
4ied, middle aged, failor (Michael 
Mc. Cann, of the Modeftc man of 
war) was feitcd with H putrid fever 
and fore' throat. He was bled at the 
beginning, but his blood appearing in 
a loofe, diflblving ftatc, he ^as bled 
no more. A blifter was alft) applied 
between his ihouldcrs, which fooA 
dried up. 

About the yth or 8th day of his dif- 
cafc, an emphyftmatous fWcHirtg ap- 
peared in his face, neck, and all over 
his brcaft, efpeciallyoh the right (ide. 
The (kin w^s very greatly ftufFcd up, 
and made a crackling noife under the 
fingers, when touched, as if you had 
bandied a half, blown, dry bladder, 
and the patient was exceeding ftifF, and 
uneafy with it« 

Mr. Montagu Bacon, the chiitf foi^ 
^con of the navy-hofpital here, ^ and 
Sie other forgcons attenditig, wer* 
deiirous that I fhould be coiifulted, 
and fee it, as (bmething very uncom- 
mon ; which I accordingly did. I 
examined it with great care, and 
^und the tumor altogether flatulent, 
and a compleat emphylema. I advifed 
the fomenting it with (harp vinegar 
and camphorated fpiritofWme, and, 
if that (hould not fucceed, to fcarify 
5t (lightly. The tumor totally vaniih- 
cd in two or thlree days without any 
fcarification ; and he foon recovered 
from the fever 5 but he continued very 
weak for a long time Imd remained 
very fcorbutic as be was before the fe- 
ver, his gums being very fpongy, and 
bleeding on the llighteil touch, ox 
rubbing. 

• Here the emphyfema was generated, 
merely by the putrcfccnce of the hu- 
nvours, as i$ frequently obferved, in a 
Icfs degriee, ih and about the incipient 
gangraehcs of the limbs, &c: 'Tis 
eeitain, from numbcrlefi experiments. 



lUquram, &c« which are too often 
obfervtd towards tlie dofe pf ptitrid 
fetert. 

Hence, probably, the fudden fwel* 
fihgs, haemorrhages* and putrefaftloia 
of bodies dying in fuch diftempcrs }. 
tbrtmphyrematous tnmor of the wkol« 
habit of the beads, feized with th# 
late dlfea(b amongft the horned ca'ttle^ 
is well known \ and it is noted in com- 
mon cookery, that mutton,, or beef^ 
tainted, and beginning to grow putrid, 
wiH not (ink even in hot water, th« 
putrefa^oa {^neradng air in tb# 
iutctt* 

I am, &c*** 

EntraS of a LetUr from a Ginilioum ' 
rejtdewt at Naples ^ to bit Frkmd.in Loft* 
don, nuho formerly refided tbere^ relate 
ing to the me Eruptwierf Vdfttviut. 
«' V Y rS have hiive had a moft extras 
VV ordinaiy eruption of Vcfiivi*. 
ill. The tieginntng of it k exttlti^ 
deifbribed in yliny^s (ird; letter, mhA, 
the ^h alarm wattakoi from aco^ 
lumn of black fmdak, thrown out iHck 
fuchviolence as fo appear an immen% 
pine-tree branching ont on all fides 
after a great hd^bc- of fteijfi ) whoa 
the diminution Ofthe force that thre^ 
it out, allowed the air tb Operate b^ 
fprcading it. The whole mountain 
was foon wrapped round with utter 
darknefs, and iu )^lace was only to bb 
diftinguiihed by the many ftreamt <}f 
fire that were darted in different dls? 
re^Hons, and made thia darknefil Vifi* 
ble. Thefe different directions, atHtft: 
unaccountable, appeared to me afhn^- 
wards by my glMTea to be produced 
frpm the firfstbat was tbtoWn out froAa 
feveral mouths, in whatever direSlion 
was imprefTed upon it from the fid^s 
of the mouths on its being thrown out. 
It was very extraordinary to obfen^ 
fome of thefe (breams of are perpendi- 
cularly defcending, whilit others w«« 

ihoji 



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1 7*8. Zm ^rufUouof Mount Vcfqviyj* 



\9 



4of iipiwd« Iq ai ftrait line $ the fpf- 
mer appearance W^ Qwing (o innume- 
raUe acceofed. ftones in tbdr fall, 
after having been thrown from (baxe 
fupedor aperture* that acquired fuch 
Telocity from their weight and fuch a 
bleiidi^ of light from their proximity, 
that they feemed one Impetuous tor- 
rent of Ere } though on the ufual ap- 
pearance of thefe falling (lonet, thej 
are fc^ttered and i^re plainly to be d^ 
ftiu)ilihe4 at (eparai^ t)odies. 

All thify aaa qieer obje^ of ^ght> 
woald rather have been amufmg ; %iit 
a frequency, of the moil terrible explo- 
'iiona made it very alarming. The 
Boiibof the large^ oai>mon &ed /r^m 
the cafUe not three hundred yards 
from me, is a meer whifperto thefe 
fxplo&ans. My little houHiold was 
all retreate4 to the room backwardii 
built- again^ the hiU, and I own I 
made mo^ of my obfervations in tl^e 
doorway of my i^twA and thickei^ 
i»alL One or two, however, themoft 



unwilling to anticipate matters (he wat 
not in the rear of this belter-flcelter ; 
but her ladyfhip thought herfelf ib 
unfafe at Naples, that I am told ihe 
.continued her flight to Caferta. 

The ncxjt day was quieted by a 
profufe laya th^t has filled up the hol- 
low way between the hcrijijts and VefM- 
vius of at le^ft a hunilre^ feet in depth* 

The iecond night, hpwever, was a|s 
boiderous at the mountain, but npt 
fo alarmiAfi; at K^ples as the f^rdi tlje 
mountain naying burft^ fboner and on 
the other fide of it, from whence it w^ 
delivered of a lava equally copious aftfr 
fewer throws. 

The third ()ay the agitation of the 
, earth and air was triflina; j but ^n ioi. 
menfe quantity of cinders and afhfa 
filled the whole atmofphere, fo as |o 
take our good fun from uib and to leaye 
ns no more than you have of hrfi in 
London, 'when thoufands of le/s alarm- 
ing volcanos from gpod kitchens reft- 
der tke air in winter often impervioMt 



lever? of thefe (hocks that raifed old to any but Jii| (^rongeH rays. T ^e^^ 

Porq [the writer^s maitre d^otel] who peared all this da)r of the fanguinioifs 

till then kept by me, off the ground, ^ colour, which Plipy ^efcribes hin^ ya. 

laade me hefiuu and think of making on a like pccafion., . . 

a prudent retreat ; but that it occurred The fourth day^ we hac), for th/^e 

to 'tne, the ftreets might have been hours or more, one continual thunder^ 

cc^ually dangerous to a Known heretic 'without the terrible explofions, hovif 

SBixing with proceiiions after pi61ures 'ever, of the firil and fecond nighty $ 



1^ Madonas or faints, with which the 
wholercity wa« all night crowded. Tlie 
inurveation fnight bavQ beeiS as dan- 
^eroui as it has prpved to be at the 
bquefa£lion of the blood of the good 
Amt of oar mob, who are infpired hly 
him with a rage that it is moft prudent 
$o keep out of the way of. 

The (hocks afterwards feemcd to 
abate, or I was more ufed to then^, 
and a moil comfortable lava made ifs 
ially IJrom a feeming ooening of the 
whole 4df at once, and ru(hed fpr- 
wards ifvitb an in^petuoiity that in two 
hours brought it within two miles of 
Porttd. which quieted me for that 
night. The king was then at his pa- 
hot there, which Vesuvius feemed to 
be reclaiming from his majefty's ep- 
CKMcbments. T(^ place was by no 
, means held tenable againft him> and 
the king, th^ cour^iersy and numbers 
of famUies then in tfieie environs at 
their ville gratura^ fcampered awf y - 
about midnight, all truly perfuaded 
that tbi^ devil would take the nindmoft. 
;^ our friend the counteft, was stvy 



- Hi 
and J took great comfort to myfc^f 
(on feeing the conftant courfe of cii|* 
w^ and aOies thrown up) to look ua. 
on it as the tSt^ only of a double 
lunged bellows, blown by aU the 
winds from half the |k>ints of the con^- 
pafs, that would foon deftroy or fcp^- 
rate the combyftible enemy we had (o 
deal with. Accordingly thefe afhes 
were the only inconvenience that re- 
mained i which on Sunday the feventh 
4av was fo great, that \ waf obliged to 
£^Iop home with ipy eve« (hut, as^ I 
could no longer open (hem from t)ic 
pain thefe a|hes put me to. < , 

AH IS now quiet} and the lava en 
thi^ (ide is flopped, after laying yira^ 
the largeft track pf cultivated giuHipd 
that it ever deflroyed. at once within 
this country. The great eruptions of 
it have been in the year— 7, in the 
year V-37, and this oif— 67. Ile^ve 
your deep natuialifts to account for 
this periodical ^rifis \ and it may i^ot 
be the firll meer accident that has 
given birth to a profound fyftem. The 
good people of Naples vvere equally 

C a ^ alarmsd 



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a« 



Laughable SupiRSTiTtON,' 



alarmed with the cotirtitrs at an anti- 
cipation of their future date, and had 
Ttcoorfe as ufukT to their protestor to 
avert the omen. The cardinal arch- 
biftipp's palace was accordingly invcft- 

fd at midnight by thoufands of fturdv thooeM, tbe couric or tnc JLavt, 
beggars, that his eminence would a*- which had abated of its violence 
iwit them to San Gennaro's chapel to about fi?c hoyrs before, and continued 



Jail, 

now he was out % vifitlngy that ha 
(hould call at a favourite Mtdona^t, 
which the mob moft readily oo^fented 
to, and this way be welit quietly home, 
after having flopped as the vulgir 
thoogftt, the courfe of the Lava, 



■prefent their fupplications more imme- 
diately within his fainrthip*s hearing. 
But the wife paftor, apprehcnfivc that 
thcfe .votaries woold be Aire to get 
Yomethin| at laft by a midnight's vifit 
-^^to the faint's rich manfion, abfolutely 
-refufed ; on which they fct fire to his 
palace. It muft have been burned with 
•the people in it, who dared not ftir 
-0ut, had it not been that the mob was 
^divided into knaves and fools ; and as 
*faft as the thieves applied the f\rt- 

* brand, the devotees took them away. 
' The next day, however, the mqb 
-prevailed for a procefTion of the faint i 

They had the cardinal and nobility 
^ under fach command that they ordered 
"inoft peremptorily the whole them* 
ielves, and oblifea the old gentry, whp 
^•could fomc of them ill fet one foot be- 
fore the pthpr, to walk to Pontc, Ma- 
' delena, [a bridge bettveen Naples and 

• Vefavius] with the faint at their head, 
"and a moft terrible mob at their heels. 

After having refted the faint on the 
' bridge with his face to the Lava, and 
-deprecated through his grace the de- 

Ikruftion it thrcatncd with their ufual 



the fame abated courfe for two dtyi 
after; but it muft be owned they had 
better ground for aflertin^, as they dO| 
|be prefent miracle, than wh^t miracle 
are generally built on." 

Ta the IPrinter oftbi Public AdvartifcT, 
SIR, 

IHad really almoft atq^ir^ humi- 
lity enough to think you had total- 
ly forgotten me ; but a hint you dropp- 
ed in one of your paperi lately, ha» 
blown up the little remaining fpark of 
vanity 5 and in hopes my whindficU 
reflexions may not be upplealm^ to 
the indulgent ^rt of your reader*; i 
have again ventured to fcrawl, Tl| 
true, after the indulgence you ha« 
ihewn me, in befng fo ready to give 
a place in your paper to my trifles, \ 
(hould not have been fo long witbotit 
troubling you, had it not been for an 
excurfion I have made to Paria, aYid 
fome other occupations which havfe 
prevented my writing. I (hould be 

f;lad to give you fome account of my 
ourney, but I protein tp you I know 
not how to begin \ and Indeed had i. 



frantic geifturcs and howling, till the gone to Grand Cairo,^ I ihould bate 



day was (hutting in, they began their 
'march back again. This, to relieve 

the old Ecntr^ almoft expiring with 
^'thelr fright and their exercife, was at 
• ^rft Jhtertdtd for the ihorteft way j 

but luckily it was reflcded upon, 
' that this fhortcft way paffcd by the 

prifon of thTfc Vicariai where four thou- 

iand San Gerinaro'sf:^ithfuls were gtir- 
'- ing the only fecurity to be had f6r 



learnt no more than in my tour to 
Paris I nor ever (hould have been able 
to meafure the lead of the Pyramida 
for want, of "having learnt geometi^. 
This I can affure you, that, in fpita 

' Of the fine accounts X have read, and 
the fine things I have heard of thif 
tour, all was new to me. I was jul^ 
in the fitoation of a child that ^oea 

' the firft time to fee a puppet iho#, 



their good 'behaviour j that the mob, and who, of all the fine thin^ it feei» 



' foi^ched v^ith a fellow feeling of this 
ad verity, ' which mi^ht fo foon ,come 
* to be their own, might probably rie- 
' fluire from the Saint an adt of grace 
for their- confined friends^ and that 
tbk turbulent time w^.<; ill adapted to 
the letting out four' thoufand fellows. 
There was a difficult)' in changing the 
^out which bad been mention cd^ but 



remembers, none but Paticbitiiih, or, 
perhaps, 'the little boy who lights ottt 
the quality. If you aflc roe how maiyf 
churches or conventa there are at Ca- 
lais, St. Omcr's, Arras, &c. I know 
nothing about it : I have feen^churcht • 
hefore \ and ther^ is not any thing in 
the exterior of af convent that coutd 
ch\m my attentibn. But the ]itt)c 



an expedient was well hit of by pro- ^ Bon Dieuxs one 'meets with tt every 
pofmg, as a compiiii|ent ^o th^ Saintj corner of the road was really and trul/ 



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t?<8. 



Vdfislyahd Filly of ibi Frtricti.'' 



for me a aotetty. They gave mh 
abondince of pleaiure in caufing me 
to recoiled my baby-bonfe, of wbiph 
I was imOienreYy fond a flew yean 
ago; but poficivdy, in fplte of the 
preteniions the French have to drefs, I 
did oot fee between Calais and Paris 
nt finglt bonne tfUrfe half (b well 
dre&d as my doll u£d to be. Some 
people may think I have made aii odd 
xomparilbn ; but they have nothing 
more to do to be convinced of the 
propriety of it, than to make a trip 
that way with a mifs of four o^ iivt 
yean o}d | and if (he does not cry for 
tfae pretty doll in the cage, I promife 
never to attempt a CotapaHibn ag^nn. 
I hope it will not be thought levity ill 
mt to laugh at this mummery ot re^ 
ligion; for if I ivas hot convinced 
that evflly fenfible catholic would rio% 
only forgive, biHjoin with me in rr- 
diciiliiig thcfe incentives ' to bigotf^, 
I could find in the manhers of the 
|>eoplc enou^ to fiitisfy' the indiha^ 
'tion I have to b^ merry. I freely 
«onfe6, that I hhd in this journev 
laoehing enough^ but in dire6l con*- 
^ra$£HoA to the proverb 5 .fir in theife 
excorfions of the EngUfli' it is evident 
the French arc the winners j- nay, I 
may venture to fay, the kughers too 
wi^ rooft of thofe who gO' amongft 
tkm i and I think we are Obliged to 
their coroptaifa<ice, if diey wait tiU 
ew backs are turned before they make 
^k of their privilege. It it not amoneft 
people of a certain rank in life, who 
eve their manners more to good- 
breeding than to nature, that one 
ihould look for the character of a peo- 
ple, but rather amongfi the .middling 
Ibrt ; and if I may be allowed to forth 
a judgment from thefe, whilft the 
French ftije u^the baugbtf ijUuuitri, 
they themfelvei may be faid to havie 
noie vioaty ihzp^ apy people upon 
earth. 

Mymantuamadcer, thinking to pay 
ne -the higheft compliment in her 
power, aflured me I had the look of 
a French woman, 'votis at/m matUmoi' 
/tie Voir 'u^ritMememt Frmitcdife, My 
miirmer, who perhsips did not think 
lb highly of my accompiilhments as 
the other, was amaced that any creai- 
turc, not French, fhould know any 
thing. CommfHf ? M^uUtnsifeiU .' <vmu 
^tvez da gsuff mau, vtfimmettt ! Ji'V9nt 
ffftiiz quel^ue terns farm nous, qn four* 



roit V9MS frendn pbvr wu Prsituoifi t 
Whilft the frifcur, with that a/Turance 
peculiar to his profeHion, and a gri- 
mace adapted to the compliment, 
makes no ceremony of faying the 
£n^li(h are no judges pf what* is ele* 
gant or hecomtn?. The meaneft me- 
chanic you eropToy at Paris looks on 
himfelf as one authorifed to reform 
your tafte> and make you tout a fmt 
frahcois. Nor is this altogether the 
opinion of the vulgar \ for thofe wbofil 
education (hould have rendered them 
above common pr^udiee meafure yoa 
by their own ftandard, and only at 
you approach to that, allow vou to be 
removed from barbarijm. After aU» 
Mr. Printer, partiality apart, what 
^wonderful excellency of contrivance! 
what inimiiablet tal^e can the French 
boaft of in point of dref^ } will the]f 
Ibke their reputation on the negligee | 
or on the diAiabillie a la Polonoife? 
The firft a meer bundle* calculated 
more for the advantaj^ of the mercer 
and n^antua. maker ^h^n the wearer, 
who, if ihe has any good mien, will 
lo(^ it in the mid ft of tri naming and 
^unc^ i the other convibnient enough 
'for'a country milk maid to fetch up 
and milk her cowa in in a frofty 
morning. I muft fay, though at the 
hazard ' of being itngular, that for 
neatnefs and fimplicity, which ought 
to be the char^fieriftick of an undrels, 
neither De(habil1ie a la Reine, a la 
Polonoife, a la Pompadour, or any 
otherof French invention, cait equd 
the Englilh night gown. As for their 
RobedeCour, they really have (bmc 
elegance; but I declare I have {^n 
more than one dutchefs, whofe tar* 
nifiied jpetticoat might have made a 
good figure on the Princtfs Eiizabetb, 
daughter of Ed-ward tbe fourth of ib$ 
boufe of York, at tbe jvax-work in 
Fleet ftreet, but lybich made a moft 
-fcandalous one at Ver(ailles. The 
French, it muft be owned, have a 
^great (hare of politeness, and receive 
Grangers with the ntraoft civility apd 
a;ood manners, doing every thing in 
their oower to render their abode 
amongft them agreeable and charming. 
I fear it may appear malicious %o fay 
this is a natural conlequcnce of their 
vanity, but fo it is y for they are as 
great in their PoliteiTe, as the Ro- 
mans ivere ' in their Urbanity, and 
h§ye a ^^uliair pride in lettinj^ you 

4ifcover 



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tt S^niKilKd 

^rfcorer fiow much tbey are f ap gia g g 
to yourfelf in the knowledge of goodi- 
i]^«uin^if ^ but from whatever motivf 
we deduce this b<^haviour» it is no lei# 
agreeahle to thoif who eiyoy thc^beae^ 
fit of it. 

. % dfa afr^d I (hall have drawn upr 
on mydM^ the indignation of all tb^ 
French 8ianlua<rma]urt and milliners $ 
^n4 h^ppy will it prove for mo^ |f I 
I^Ve^np occaiibi^ to ^unt the (rifeurf 
t^ in this dreadful combinad'oni bu( 

I comfort mvif if whei^ I confider,^ thaf 
iiof^idabfe a body as the focitty of 
An^gaJIiicaqs will l^ obliged 1^ dci. 
$^^ for x^e oi^e and al) » And i94«t4 
I V^iPi they do xuit car^y their coni^ 
|ila^i(anp^. WtHfif than it will be 9^»- 
^l^t ip^t> jnq^to countenance i for, 
i;onyderipg how ftjiunch a fifter I muft 

tPP^^r IP t\tni fronaL the opinjons I 
^we dajfed }x\^ t^^i^ frenchi^fd age tp 
advancft tl\qy, may perhaps in pure 
i^nt^adidion %o tjie fajiq^e )a7> 
^ufe me for thei^ prefiden^ at the 
mext elc^i9n* Tp prevent thi^s, as 
JU>r^h^ I Ihould be obljged to refufe 
this ho|K>ar« I n^uft acquaint them^ 
that 1 alv^uiys give, to Cas^ir what ip 
Cteiar i^ d^e $ and thpiu^h I do^nol^ 
in fpitQ. of common fenlej tbiflji^ t^a^ 
cyery (hing French is ab^olvitely befl^ 
jtet I acknpn^Iedge myfelf miich plcafe^ 
with n^any of their cuftoir^f ^nd inven- 
tions I apd thit at this tin[ie I weitr p 
pair pf ruffles and handkerchief trim* 
med vut^ French ^loi^de, and have 
bar^^ing by my H^e a little French 
dog, which I am fo fond of, that I ve- 
aily believci bad I no other ob)e£kioqy 
1 could not; part with, for tbe fiHrji ^r^ajt 
huMur before mentioned, 
I am, Sir, 
Your hpmble fervant, 
Anna J^ariO' Tbtrtfu Tittle T^ttk^ 
Iteicefter-iieldsy Jan. i^, 

f$tfie cpridus Particulars ifi regifrd Uji 
^tritiing Ukutefi of Pirfofu., 

THERE was never, perhaps^ a 
pcrfed reiiemblance. Some con- 
temporary memoirs,^ however, make 
mention of different twins, wbok 
complexieo, ^ture^ features and 
even inclinations, refembkd each 
other ii^fo great a degree, that.tbofis 
who were inoft accuftomed to fee 
them, were often miftaken on their 
account. Tbcie miitakes arc iufficieiit 



to juiUfy the Epglifli f pmiydy^f JSj^ror 
aud the fable of the coniedy of Mi 
^echmes, which Renardt an imitate 
of Slantus^ has ipa4e appear with 
nopch fuccefs pn the French theatre. 

Virgil inakes the eologium pf tv 
Jhrother^ who were the m miration < 
their time, , by the refepiblance • 
^heip, viiage» an4 |he cpnfprmity 
their humpi^'? 

Not many years fince, twins qCabo 
twelve year's old, were ffen ^t IfOndo 
whoff ttatur^ CfOmplexiop^ feajtur< 
fnd vhole figure, appeared cxaftly t 
fame Their Parents. fook pjeftfve 
making *em wear jlpthw pt ^hf f^p 
jorm and (gipe . colpnr, whic)i oft< 
l^ve occafion tp fing^^r and divert it 
adventures.- Thfy h^d received tl 
iame education, apd feveraji, who h; 
taken ftri^ notice oif tl^em, aiTur 
Jihai thev nearly made the fameamfwc 
to the f^ipe .qmt^^p ; whence it w 
lafer/ed, tha^t thtir nMnper P^ c<^ 
4ering obj^fls was the Aune^ ^nd tb 
the^ net leis reienibied om 9piq^hfi;r 
thfii' way of thinking l^od ^nceivin 
than in the fes^ures t^ the body th 
ibrmed U^ir exieraal refeiphlance, 
: The .hi((<>fy of the Lords of Sci 
^ome„ rented by Pafqvuei^, may al 
ferve as a denaoni^r^^pn, ^hat t^^tu 
Sometimes t%kes pleafure ip ^pyiti 
Jierfelf: « NichPhiH and ^Ifpdtiu < 
Rouili, twins, %\^t GM>e lord of Sciilfpm 
the other of Ongny» were bqrn \\ 
7th of Aprils i54i,.with fo gteat 
reien^blance to one anether, that the 
nuries, in order to diftingpifli then 
were obliged to fix |o them bracele 
.•f dilFerent colours^ This conform 
;^, which they brought with tbepi fro 
their mother's womb, Wfs.|iotonly v 
Able in their iiee» wl thp features 
their face,* but ?l(b in their n}$mnet 
geftures, behafi^, will, and incl 
nation* This in^vKiey) their. p«r«n 
to clothe them in the fame ^rb, ai 
they \aA fome di^&cu|ty tbfmfelv 
to diftinguiCh them* Charles IX* ^ 
often pleated, in th4i^ midft pf fiye bui 
dred genilemei^ to pUce them boi 
together, and confider them for a lor 
time, with the view, if po^ible, < 
finding ibme mark of difference i 
them. But after making them pa 
and repais in the croud, and appe 
before him, he could never exa^lv di 
cern which was which» por could ax 



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dFtfie comply 

ibme was a very great friend of the 
lords of Fervaques 9 and the wives of 
thefe two lordr had of^cn mift^lcen hir 
brother fbr him. There were two 
particnlars very renraCrkable in theih | 
dife dne« that havhie beeB as gentle- 
men broaght up from their youth in 
an Ibrts of manly exerd^, amone' 
dthersi in playing at tennis, in which 
fhevwere both Very export, though 
erigffiy fbrpaffed his brother, whoi 
from thne to time, hkd unequally 
maticKed himfelf $ to temedy ^bkh, 
he left off plAying, pr^tendiftg to go 
Ibr Ibme n^^ity of rtature ) and foon 
after hh brbther, who was a looker 
to, fbpptied his pkic«, and getting the 
ketter of his antagohift, won th6 game, 
without kny oUe of the players, or 
thofe that were in thie gallery, know-' 
ing any thing of the change. Thf! 
other particular was, that they wer^ 
both addided to the fame paffionsi 
Origny beCam« enin&oured of the ^if<i 
countefsof Efclavole, a beaatiful, rich, 
liid Virtuous lady, and made oveft- 
turesof marri^ige to her. Thefam6 
tender attiichment pOiTeffed immedi> 
aldy the heart of Sciflbme, who was 
^ite ignorant ef his brother'* addirf- 
in, but bbibg appi'ilkd of theth, ht 
altered hi» purpoie to the admntage of 
Oi%oy, who married her. The fame 
accidents that ha(5pened to the one in 
the courfe of life, happened alfo to 
Iheotii^r; the &nie ficknefsi thefan\6 
wOUfttis at the fame time, and in the 
fame parts ^ their bodiet } and when 
Sdflbme #as taken ill of the difeafe hk 
ified of, in the thirtieth year of bis 
age. Lord Origny was, at the ihme 
ittftant of tiibc, attacked by th6 fame 
iifettte^ but recovered by the (kill of 
hia phy'fidiap ; an unfkilni] one, who 
Hd iu treated him, having fallen to 
the fot of his brother; but when he 
bAri the tidwt of his death> he had 
9ath a languor of fpirits, and fuch 
ISumsflg ilts, that he was oUce thought 
deadi He escaped, however. A ^^Sdd 
paiittr Ineprdented them both m a 
piec^ fileh aa diey #ere, that is, e)(. 
cee&ig like ih habit of body and vi- 



Thei 



Curiam Partkuldrs of . tf 

The lord of Sci(^ that the emperor, hiving long exa- 
mined him, a(ked at laft, by wav of 
pleafantry, if his mother had been 
ever at Rome ? ^< No« pleafe )Pour im<* 
perial majefly, anfWered the young 
Greek, who peixrejvcd the drift of the 
queftion, but my father was there fe- 
vtoitiihei.^' 

To /^/ P R I N T E R, $fc. 

IF buildingbridges, widening ftrfcctii 
new pafemenb, and illummatiohs, 
be improvements, the inhabitants of 
London have a right to the greatefl 
applaufc, in exciting a fpirit of im*» 
provement in the towns and villiigti 
within ten miles of the capital { but 
this laudable fpirit is extending itfelf 
much farther, for I am juft informed 
that the cities 6f Norwich, Exeter, 
and Vork, are come to a refolutiori of 
not only fixing lamps tt the diftance of 
every thirty yards, but to covir tbeif 
refpef^ive roads to the capital with 
tcry handfomk carpets: This wiU 
rtiake St very genteel travelling up t* 
town, wheti the ladies may at pleafure 

tet out of theti* carriages, Tor bene^ 
t of the air, and Walk as cleii&H 2i ill 
their dining rooms} a circUnrt^ihcfe 
ithat muft not only be a great ihduce- 
hitnt for them ^nd their conforts t^ 
leave the dirty country, but be a grealt 
encouragement ro our carpfct manu^ 

{'a6tory. By this means we (hall not 
eave a family of anjr tolerable circum- 
ftance in the country i and *U theftr 
fine turkies and chines will be (^nt 
to London. As to corn, fir, we cafi 
have thit from abroad ; and when all 
the rich, and even the middling folks, 
are in town, th* afiemblies, r'ldottoi, 
tolays, operas, and* concerts^ will be 
ilWays filled with the beftcompahyi 
indeed, if thii prt^eft take* placi, 
many tboufaitds of fine houfes will Be 
wanted; but to this I anlVrer, puAl 
do^n'the old, an'd build hew on^, 
we have good brick- ground ertougH 
round Loi)don, as'^llas avcrygodA 
fpot to build oit, between Bedwd- 
hottfe ami Hampftead, wh^te I ah^ 
tir^d of looking at ^iten fields. 

As thefe thoughts comcide Witti OUr 
prefent conduft, they cannot "fail bf 
pleafmgthe public much bittfer thin 
the abuird ones of i certain tall mAti, 
who, in -order to remove b^g^arjrolit 
of London, advifed the breaking our 

lampv 



i cbdrtitt^ 6f the Emperor AU- 
foftus brought into his prefence a 
yoong Greek who refcanbled him. in 
#«tr7 feature. It it hereupen relacedy 



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CharaHer of tbi ParHamatt ^.iSitl 



lamps, pulling up the new pavement,* 
laying the old again, fending the peo* 
pie to the fi(h, and not giving pre^ 
mittms to bring the fifti to the peo-, 
pie. 

Marcus Ihokicvs., 

From Mrs. Macaulay's Hiftory'pf Eng» 
land. Vol. Ill \ 

** A ^^^'^''^ ®^ ^^* trtnfa£kions of 
J\, this parliament, [1641) during 
the firft period of tbcir operations, 
tnuft fill every mind, untainted by fer- 
vile prejudices, with the higheft fen- 
timents of gratitude and veneration.. 
The free conftitution of England, 
which, from the ignorance of former 
ages, and the wicked policy of kingr, 
had admitted of fo many arbitrary 
principles, that it was become a roon- 
fter voidoffymmetry, was now redu- 
ced to a fyftem of government confift- 
ent and uniform, fupporting itfelf by 
the pillars of law and equity^ Every 
mrbitrary court of judicature was abo- 
Itihed \ the authority of the clerk of the 
market, who had a general infpedion 
over weights and meafures, and by 
whofe power the people had under- 
gone many hardfiiips, vexations, and 
extortions, was transferred to the 
mayors, (heriffs, and other legal ma- 
giflxatesi the limits of the fbreib 
were retrained within their proper 
bounds; the crown entirely deprived 
of the means of impofing tne expea** 
five honour of knighthood^ and as no 
court of fuftice remained buc thofe 
which took cognizance of common 
mnd Itatute law, the king's power of 
liTuing proclamations and extorting 
money from the fubjcft, was entirely 
cut ofF, becaufe every man might dii- 
obey thofe arbitrary edicts with im- 

1>unity. Paft grievances were not on- 
y redrefled, but the exemplary pu- 
aiihments of ftate delinquents, with 
the a6^ for triennial parliaments, were 
now bulwarks to defend the con^tu- 
tion agaiilft the attacks of power. 
Many of thefe advantages etcaping 
the corruption of time, and the con- 
fufion of civil broils, are ]^et enjoyed 
by the inhabitants of this idand, and 
o^ht to raife in the heart of tstry 
Bn^Hfliman a grateful monument of 
pnuTe to thoie renowned pauiots, who 

• Page 41. 



Jani 



proaired Aich invaluable bleifiags to 
poderity*"* 

Jceount pf the King'^i goitf t& thi tonuer 
, Hou/i, luitbi am Intenttom t$ fezKe tbi 

li'Vi Memhirs -f • ' 

«« 9^T^ H E King, on the return of 
X his ferjeant empty handed, en* 
tered on the left part of lus pMJe^» 
vi^. the gping bin^felf in perfon, withi 
im armed force, taking the houfe at 
a furprise, and feicing the five meni*« 
bers. This was deterqiined on Mie, 
receipt of the meiTai^e from^the com- 
mons ) but the morning bringidg more 
timid reflexions, the king went t<» 
the queen's apartment, and expofta->. 
lated with her on the hazard of the 
attempt, exprefling fometbing like % 
determination of not putting it in exe* 
cution. The oueen was tranfported 
with paAiou at tins want of refolutiont 
<* Go, coward!'* exclaimed tliis im- 
perious woman, ** pull thefe roguea 
out by the ears» or never fee my wot.**- 
The fubmifilve hufband obeyed, an4 
went ftraight to the Houfe of Com^ 
mons, with a train of five hundred 
followers. The Houfe having receiv- 
ed ihtimation of the king's intention* 
ordered tbe fyyt members to withdraw, 
left the Houfe (hould be engaeed in 
blood. This order was hardly obeyed^ 
whtn the doors were flung open, and 
the kins appeared I He walked im- 
mediately up to the chair, and faid^ 
** By your leave, Mr. Speaker j I muft 
borrow your chair." After having 
ftood in it for fome time> and eyed 
the members, as they rofe up uncoverr 
ed to receive him, he alked the Speaker 
whether he faw any of the accufed 
members, and where they were ? The 
Speaker, falling upon his knee, replir 
ed« "I have neither eyea to fee, nor 
tongue to fpeak in this . place, but as 
theooufe is pleafed to direct me, whole 
fervant I am here \ and I humbly be|f 
your majefty's pardon, that I cannot 
give any other anfwer than this to what 
your majefty is pleafed to demand of 
me." The king, after making a ibort 
fpeech, eypreifing the reafons of hie 
coming, and inufting on having the 
perfons accufed wherefoever he could 
find them, retired in fome coofufion, 
many members crying out, <* Privi- 
lege! Privilege!'* 

. . ?^ 



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fie LetUt 



M hterefiifig SidjeS €9ntinued. 
/. 631 



25 






B0T fyo« aflc) what occafion for 
any aew diflertations on a point 
To dear? I know yoa are mafler of 
eonmon topics, and can ^r^t that 
obicese difcofttfe ihews a corrupt hearty 
and argtiea a Ticioni life^ corrupts 
tlie fancy* takct off the reftraints of 
Bodety, is very rude, and that it is 
Bot rendered better but more dange- 
loat by bein^ genteelly dreiled . up ; 
that doable entendres ba^e a peculiar 
iBalignity» becaiife they tend to make 
a whole language convey ideas of 
lewdnefa, and haTe» in i»6k, fucb an 
tSA upon thofe who arc fond of their 
«fe, thJkt fcarcelv a itmple term can be 
■Kn6oDed which does not excite fuch 
an idea — that tbolc who delight in fuch 
diiconrfe throw off the man to put on 

the beaf^ that it (hews no great de- 

ficacy of tafte to borrow converfation 
6pm brothels, but rather a barren nefs 
•f invention, $tc. &c. ■ Y ou have 
at hand too ibme rhymes on the occa- 



Obfeenity to wit has no pretence. 
For want of decency is wantof ienfe. 
No pardon vile obfcenityr (hould find, 
Tbo' wit and art confpire to move 
your mind. 
Yoa can repeat too a curious dialogue 
m the Toy^lhopy betwixt the MaKer 
and the Beau— b^inning with <* Are 
witty and iVnntty Tynonimous terms?** 
1 ihan^t transcribe it— -bat by the bye 
nraft expreft my furprizey at the au- 
thorns inierting that piece of low ob- 
(ceoe ribaldry to Claridy in Vol. II. 
p. 230. of his excellent colleAion— • 
which ' Bavius might blufh, and 

Quaries diiUain to own, p. 248. You 
think, my friend* that his Honour 
wSl be fatisficd with thefe old iaws. 
hvx alxsl bU Mtm erai locus. You 
iMwld recollea the fable of the Wolf 
and the Lamb. Is this the way to pay 
yonr court? Don't you obferve the 
ftonn blackening on your patron's 
brow, and the attic fneer, or high* 
bred contempt of the reft of the 
company f And pray. Sir, fays feme 
wh, do yon think fornication a fin ? 
A soft polite queftion — juft tanta- 
fiaonst to this : Pray, Sir, Are you a 

hypocritical fcoundrel Don't you 

preach what you don'^t believe ? AH 
the company .knows that the Gofpel 
• Jam. X76S, 



forbids it as a €n, and make it one 
^eat Quarrel againft the Gofpel, that 
It Uiy% a reftraint on natoral liberty in 
this cafe ? Why then is the quellioa 
afked ? Not for information— but to 
try what ftuff yoa are made of, and to 
get you into the mire. But you can- 
not fee fo much harm in a plain qaef- 
tion, fo eaiily anfwered. Let mfc afk 
then, will you anfwer in the affirma* 
tive or negative ? In ^e former fure* 
ly, and produce 3H>ur arguments. Do 
not you perceive then the former in* 
convenience return? The mirth and 
frolick of the company is interrupted 
by your imnertinent wifdoro j — a fe- 
rious difagr^f ibie ful^e^l intruded->- 
and you are diHiked. But we will fup- 
pofe, that roafting a parfon may be 
thought a good afternoon's frolick* 
The next natural queftion will bet 
Are you then really (o weak as to 
believe what Bolingbroke, Hume, Vol- 
taire, all the philofophcrs clearly prove 
to be no better than old wives tale«» 
hatched in the nurfery, matured in 
the church? Here you will be told 
long (lories of fakeers, dervifes» 
monks, talapoins, dec, with this con* 
eluding ftinr— that priefb of all reli- 
gions are the fame. Their honeurt 
being deeply read in* infidelity, can 
demonftrate to you from Bolingbroke^ 
that there are no moral attributes in 
the Deity, that the foul is material and 
mortal, a future Qate a fable, revela* 
tion nnaeceflary and impoflible, that 
the JewiOi and Chriftian have the 
flrongeft marks of fallhood. From 
Hume' too they can tell you, that n 
miracle cannot poAibly be proved, 
that exferience^ the fureft criterion of 
truth, IS directly againfi the exiftence 
of miracles, and renders that of % 
Deity very doubtful. They can alTure 
you, that the miracles wrought at the 
tomb of Abbe de Paris werv more 
humoroui, fignal,,and better attefted 
than thofe in the Bible. Thefe, and 
a thoufand other felf*evident maxims, 
their honours are great mafters of. 
But 1 mud retra^^, and beg their ho<v 
nours pardon, for having advanced an 
affertion that they are deeply read in 
iniidelhy. Far be it from Ate to 
imlngine, that their jjonoun would 
fuffcr the abfolutely neceffary bpfinefs 
of Newmarket, White's, leveet, bo- 
rough jobbing, fpcaking as they are 
bid (not to mention drefs, viiiif , d|« 
D yeriioA^ 



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Stlf-nade meivrn Pbihfophtrs, 



26 

veriiotit) t» be interrupted by an et- 
fention to things fo unddential as reli« 
gion or morals. Such a thouebt, I 
am fure, woiikl be highly f bfurd, un- 
charitable and criminal. With tlie 
^rofoondeft humility thereforey and a 
^eep fenTe of ihame for having advan* 
ced fo ra(h an aHertion— I beg you 
to obfervey I meant to fay only! hit- 
That, as young attornics and furgeons^ 
in that very (hort time which they 
/bend in town after their apprentice* 
fiiipi to be fwom and fee tlie hofpital« 
(or, if you pleafe, to take out licences 
to cheat and kill) acquire from the 
Kobin-Uood, and ether excellent fe- 
miaariety fuch a knowledge of the 
iecrets of freethinking, that they re* 
turn to the country very able infidel 
miifionarieB, or, in a politer phrafe, 
excellent philofophert, free from all 
the old faftuoacd reftraints of relizion 
and morak, and highly qualified to 
teach others the way to the fame blef- 
hd ftate s fo their honours. I won't 
atfront my readers fo much as to 
make the applicatieR, but (hall po- 
litely leave that to tlieir great fagaci- 
ty, which I apprehend is more than 
fuflicient for fuch a taflc.— You 
feem, my dear fir, on this informattcui 
to ereft your creft, and exult at the 
thought ef defending your faith agalnft 
fuch adverfaries . Having carefully (lu- 
lled Clarke's Demonftration, and the 
excellent anfwers to Bolingbroke and 
Hume, efpecially thole of Warburton, 
Leland', Douglas, Adams— you ex- 
pert an.eafy vidlorv* And perhaps 
your expe^ations might be anfwered* 
if fcbools were the fcene of difputa- 
tioui a regular logician your mode- 
rator, your opponent kept clofe to 
the point, and obliged to argue ftri^- 
Iv according to the rules of true rea- 
soning. But here a new lo^ic prevails. 
A grin-is an argument, a jeft demon- 
ilration, a look of contempt, or a 
frown, confutation. Can you think, 
that your bed fyllogifm in Barbara, 
will not by their honours true Grecian 
taile be deemed barbarous; and as 
fuch worthy of no other confutation 
than their attic fneer ? Or can you 
conceive, that your formidable Bocar- 
do will have half the terrora that 
fcoul on an oFended patron's brow ? 
Befides their honours are excellent at 
the hufi'ar method of arguing [Dr. 
Brown finely de(R:ribes itinbisirft eliay 
5 ^ 



Jan. 



on Lord Shaftefbur]^]. Here you are 
briflciy attack^4 with an obje&ion, 
and before you can bring your argu- 
ments to bear againft it, you receive 
a fecond attad^ and whilft you face 
about to encounter that, you have » 
third, and fo on. The defign of thi# 
method is prudently to make up ia 
bnficne6 what is wanting in weight f 
the princif^e from which it proceedo 
you may learn from the firft words of 
Bacon's Eflays. — What is truth (aid 
jelling Pilate, and would not vt^it for 
an anfwer. Now, Sir, how will yo^ 
manage in fuch a fituKion, whild, like 
brave unfortunate Braddock, you ihuid 
expofed to all your enemv's fire, an4 
cannot bring yours to bear againft 
them ? Shall I exemplify this obterva* 
tion in a particular cafe. 

Lorenzo, Milordus> yea have an ex»- 
cellent pi^ure here I think ie 
reprefents a gallant foldicr received 
with great appearance of rapture by 
the Madona* 

MUordus. Celfus calls the foldiejr 
Panther, and has demonllrated tke 
truth of the ftory. And you, &ir« 
cannot deny^ that there are two fa- 
thers mentioned by ancient writers, 
Jofepb and Panther. 

fLrh, And this, Sir, is an unan- 
fwerable demonilration of. the trutk 
of the immaculate conception. 

Chorus 0/ Parafites, dff . Ha ! ha ! hat 

Here's triumph for their honours* 
You cannot avoid laughinff, I find, 
though (hocked at the vaft blafphemf 
of the topic, becaufe you can con- 
vince them, you imagine, that this of 
Celfus is really one of the moft (illy 
and infamous ftories that ever maUce 
invented againfl Chriftianity. . ■■ 
You can prove from the Gofpels, and 
the writings neareft to them in datc» 
that this ftory was unknown at the 
time they record, and that confiderin^^ 
the extreme malice and hatred of the 
Jews it was impodible this (hou)d he 
the cafe, if there was the leaft foun- 
dation for it. 3ut becaufe you per- 
ceive it to reft entirely upon a buin«- 
der concerning the nanae Panther, you 
fetyourfelf to prove from ancient wri^ 
ters, that Panther was a futiame in Ja- 
feph's family. Thus Jofeph is faid to be 
the fon of Jacob (irnamed Panther. And 
thus Jefusis called, Ben Jofeph or Ben 
Panther, the fon of Jofepitand Pantherc 
from tbO/.two namts «f tbt fiamily. 

And 



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Asd what now, Gentlemeii, becomet 
ofthefooHfh blander of Cdfus, and 
the infamoQi ftory founded upon it ? 

Lcremzff. Really, Sir, the ingenious 
«ld fathers hare contrived an lulmira- 
Wc genealogical forgery, to (tUt this 
Wade ifFair : And you with a true fa* 
cerdotal modcftycxpedt we ihoald giv< 
•Bfrre credit to it. 

Here yon would prove that the fa- 
thers reafly had the account from au- 
thentic genealogies. 

FWu. Genealogies! I find, Sir, 
you are an excellent genealogift. Wilt 
yt>a fto m the favour to give us a ge- 
nealogy in a direct line u-om Shenkin 
sp Shenkin ap Morgan ! 

Here again in order to bring this 
tvitty gentleman back to the fubjefh, 
you endeavour to fliew him the gene- 
alogies of the Jews were very different 
things from thofe he alludes to, and 
yoo refer to the rabbins to prove that 
they were moft carefully preferved, and 
were ftriftly authentic. 

Iffihrdxs, Rabbins! Yoo are well 
%erfed than it feems in Rabbinical 
learnine. Pray, Sir, was not von a 
jpupil 6? Kennicot's, and an afliftant in 
that moft excellent and uA^ful collec- 
tion of varions readings, which fo con- 
vine ngty proves and poilus out the 
One true reading ? 

Cbtrms. Ha! bat he 1 

And fhuf. Sir, you are abfolutely 
Confuted. Tour argument mnft dr»p 
here to make 'way for (bme new mat- 
ter of t/iumpii to tlieir honours. I 
have ^^zd out thb inihmce in or- 
der to pay my compliments to the re- 
fined tafte of Milordits (a prfonage 
remarkable too for wifdom and firidt 
honour) and to congratulate his hap- 
pinefs in being poflefled of a pt^re, 
which, to be rurej on account of its 
fabjed, is to be prized as an inefli- 
mable >ewel, being an nnanfwerable 
confutation. It feems, of all that is, 
Mr ihall be irritten in defence of Chrif- 
tUttity.—- Befides all the above, I 
€u)cy my friend, you will find another 
finall di&dvactage in yOur argument 
with their honours, which is fuggefted 
in the old trite obfervation— That a 
fool can a(k more queftions in an how 
than a wife man can ^ anfwer in feven 
yean. Ifosr can yoo prove the "Di- 
vine L^atioo of Mo(es is a fhort quef- 
tionj tlie anfwer fills €rt volumes. 
The hxot ta*j be bad of hints « infi* 



Tifi Ovefhartng of InjMHyl fl % 

moations, flat denials 00 omh bets). 
You may think perhaps to get off, by 
putting their honours upon the proof i 
but pray. Sir, who is the fuperior, the 
patron, or the ferioua defender of re- 
ligion.^ Thefe confiderations may pof* 
iibly make you fomewhat lefs a/Tured 
of vi6iory, and give you fome dilllke 
to-thefe huflar difputationsi and may 
alio account for the excellent Stilling^ 
fleet's burfting into tears, and yielding 
triumph to Lord Rochefter, in a di im- 
pute concerning Atheifm, which, oft 
a fair footing, be could have main- 
tained to advanuge acainft aU the h it-r 
ty atheifts in the world. If this great 
man could be thus borne down, whafl 
remains for you \ What will it avail 
you to fay, that what th« pbilafo-< 
phers call old wivea tales, wtro fincere* 
ly believed by^Bacon, Newton, Lockcj 
Boyle, Addifon^ Grotius, Pafcal, 
Boerhaave, and many others, who 
were the greatefl geniufirs and the or« 
naments of the age they lived in f 
Do yon think their honours will give 
credit to your aderting, that Warbur- 
ton and Leland hate as clearly and 
convmcrnaly confuted, and exploded, 
the atheiftical part of Bolingbrokev 
concerning the moral attributes, tho 
foul, a future ftate, and bis poh- 
tive dogmas againit revelation; at 
it is poflible for any thing to be con- 
futed by argument ? Will they believe, 
that what Hume has written agasnft 
miracles has been proved by L«land, 
Adams, Douglafs^ to beof'^no more 
weight than the old exploded argu- 
ments ; that the experience which is to 
dofuch^ts is a mere cant term^ferving 
to introdnce much obfcurtty, and to 
make nothing clearer, and Urat in the 
affair of Abbe Paris, that gentleman 
has been guilty of great diimgemtity, 
vnworthy the firft pbtlofopber in Great 
Britain? Can yoo imagine yonr word 
will be tidccn in all thele points, or 
that their honours wiU exerdfe their 
patience in hearing you prove fuch 
nnpleafuig aflertions? What then re- 
mams but chagrin to you, and to their 
honours triumph. 1 will not prefumo 
to affront their honours infallibility by 
infiMiating that the triumph is unfair- 
ly won^^there can be no doubt thai 
their own tcntimentt In fuch ctffet are 
the trueft criterion of juft and right. 
You 9MtA aghaff, and cannot believe 
that gemlemcn of politenelt and edn- 
D s cotton 



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zS 



the Friends of RtKgien pintei i^* 



cation (honid iftfblt a dergymin in 
Aieh a ridiculoat manner Tboogh 
perhipt fome fools may be gutltjf of 
Aieh mdeneA, you ex^tGt l^etter things 
from the generality of their honours^ 
There is indeed room ibr furprise, 
but if you confider the love of frolick 
and fun, the fafliionaUe pleafure of 
laugliing at religion, and every thing 
relating to it, « the proud man^ con- 
tumely, the iniblence of oflice» the 
ipurns which patient merit of the un-^ 
worthy takes/* your furprize will be 
much lefs. And if you lubtraft from 
their honours the Free-thinkers and 
Free* drinkers (to borrow m term 
fromCheyne) the Valetudinarians to 
whom the dof^ors forbid ferious ftudy, 
the bifcaut whom the ladies will not 
AifFer to hurt their eyes, or become 
pedantic- by mufty books, the mfn 
of profound fpeculation, of wit, of 
humour, of whim, of frolick, ofplea- 
fiire, ofbudnefsin the political way, 
borough-jobbers, tools of party, how 
pany will the calculators find remain- 
ing ? That remainder yon will find to 
be a fet of reafonable gentlemen, who 
think it no proof of ftiperior wiidon^ 
to laugh at religion, no difkrace to 
differ mm the fiilofiffhers. The gen- 
tlemen in all extrenmies will be found 
the only firm fupports in church and 
Aate J and with them you will find it 
the greateft happinefs, as well as hq- 
aour to be acquainted *. 
. I cannot help now expreflin^ my 
fears, that your fqueami(h confcience, 
your unfaihionable notions of the dig- 
4iity of religion, and of decorum, in- 
dependency, and other fuch follies will 
•prevent your pafling through thefe 
preparatory rites of initiation i bur as 
tt is poifible that coftom added to the 
hope of preferment, may counfeera& 
their eff^eds, I will indulge the thought 
of your complying with his konetir*s 
humour, joinjng with glee in the lewd 
'toaft, enjoying the obfceneor prophane 
fong or ieft, pretending not to hear, 
or giving evafive anfwcrs to, objec- 
tions againft religion. And now th^re 
•is hope indefd. Pi'oceedin this g<^d 
way and you will be probably a favou- 
rite. Pray what harm is there in his 



honour*s cpming frequently tq drink % 
diOi of tea with yovir fidcr? What if 
ilie^is very handfome, and wh^U if Co- 
rofodes owed his preferment tQ his 
fifter, ought yon to be alarmed ? Omi 
you doubt your patron*s honour or 
your iiller*s pruaence? You grow 
warm. Well then, what do yon uunk 
of hit honour^s niece who has the care 
of his houfe? Qood pirefermcfit, it 
feems, will attend her. Are jrou ta 
take notice of the malicious reporta 
of her bein^ his mi(lrers i |s npt thta 
anoverfufpicious fqueam'iOmcls? Yoii 
cannot bear this topic I find, l^t ua 
then omit the aSdr of lifter and 
niece, and enjoy the pleafure of feeing 
yon in the high road . to p|pefe|tnent« 
What; if the envious deem you hia 
honour*s but, jeft, tool, fool, «c ?— -• 
defpife them ai^d their impotent ma- 
lice, laugh in your (leeve^ pity their 
ahje6l(la(c<*and jog Qn<-^ut heWarc, 
beware of tHpptnf , One falfe fiep 
ruins you. You ^nd pn a precipice^ 
from which the fall is eafy ^nd fatal* 
A (mall failure in devoirs, a word mif? 
placed, a look mifconftrued, any thing 
or notbingi will be fufficient to overr 
throw the labours of years,. Until jroi| 
hear farther from me weigh thefe hint< 
pirefully. . Yours, Y. Z. 

P. Sk i am obliged to the autho^ 
of the London Magazine for the ho- 
nour he has done my former letters^ 
and defire he will omit in this, and any 
other he may receive, whatever he 
thinks unworthy a place in his Maga- 
zine I was not the author of the mo? 
nitory letter mentioned in Odober 
Afagazine with my fi^natures, n^^ 
fhalT i ever prefume to dictate to him. 
If the compliment paid to the writer 
of that letter was designed for me I re* 
turn thanks for it f . Veritas Keverlk^ 
whn wrote a^inft my firft letter, is my 
friend. We have composed the difPe* 
rence, upon condition ofVy declaring 
that I would rathef be deprived of the 
'power of wilting, than employ it a* 
• gainft a perfbn offiich a cbara6ler as be 
has drawn, and tlmt I had not in my 
-view a perfon of fuch a charader. He 
^allows me to (i^y^ that I am neither f 
deiit, nor a profligate, too low for n 



* At thi btad of thefi I ofli frwd to fet tbf ^xalUnl and hlghlj^ aUkra$ed Lord 
Ljttelion, 

t Tbrf 'Wirt t Ami as lAft thimk ourftlvn much bommred tmd our rtadtrs htnefittd hf 
this lewmed and ingtmoiu correfpondent ; ^wtfiaU uver bt difpUafed nuitkaiyjhrio-' 
^itirMW our 'workfbtmajf tbmi proper to find. can* 



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capdkiatffy too hijHh to envy a parlbn'f 
prefermept. He defire* me to prefent 
bis beft compliments and thanks to 
Dr. Cooke for bis kind anfwer to the 
queries, and for his ofler of a corref- 
pondeoce, which hoth he and I (hould 
think ouHelves highly honoured b]jr, 
and (hould moft readily embrace^ if 
conicioufnefs of our own inability to 
^ve any pleafure or information to a 
gentleman of his learning and fenfe did 
not force os very moch againft our will, 
to deprive ourieWes of that pleafure. 
It It more than probable that we ihall 
mpply to bii|i for ^dvi^e in the phyiical 
way. 



T9 tU AUTHOR $r the 
MAGAZINE. 
SIR, 

I beg leaye, tbrogghy^nr magaalne, 
to take notice of a miftaken notion 
tbe generality of people are fallen into, 
that it is prudent in them to avoid, like 
an infedious difeafe, the company and 
cpaveHatioh of any rest good clergy- 
nan, Aicb I mean as are Sncere chnf- 
nans, in tbe ftrid fenfe of the word, 
who, o«^ of the abundance of their 
heart, introduce, as often at they 
^ve opportumty» the fubjed^ on whicti 
their thooghtt and time are chiefly 
beftowed. Religion is io totally ba- 
niflied aU pqlite converfation,' and in- 
deed from amongf^ aU ranks of people, 
tfut any perfbn wiio brings in the fub)e£t 
with that seal, as if his life was ani- 
mated by tl^e precepts of the gofpel, 
9eedt no o|ber qualification to be 
termed a metbodift. Soch is every cler- 
^oMn called who really and heartily 
pcrf;rrmf bi^ duty in his pan(b, and 
%€t% up to his profeilion fincerely. St* 
Paul orders all focb to preach the word 
in (eafon and oat of feaibn \ bu^ noW 
ftow when ever tbe gof^iel is mentioned 
•lit of tbe cbttfcbt it is furt to be o«it of 
leaibn, and vnri dergjrman who it 
d^firoitf of complying with the prefent 
age, and to avoid the appearance of 
nethodifm, muft obierve thefe few 
mles. Never fpeak of religion btit in 
the pulpit and desk, and, to pleafe Uit 
people there, let your fubje6>s be more 
pa morality than chriftianity ; in com- 
pany and con variation let no one guefs 
yonr profei&on, but by the colouC of 
your coat, for (hould the leaft word 
^(cape you that yod have your duty 
at bwt, your company wouki gfow 



RuUsfortbe Qerj^ to tempcrize. 2^ 

irkfome and difagreeabler and yon 
would be avoided, as there is nothing 
fo terrifying to the people of this gene* 
ra'tion, as the fear of being righteous 
over much: Avoid likewiie fpeaking 
too favourably of all fe^s of people, 
and particularly when you fpeak of any 
one termed a methodiil. whether /o 
or not in reality, in all his afliona 
whether ]uft, or unjuft, condemn him 
unheard, always carrying this in your 
mind, that a methodjft is always ia 
the wrong. Amongft jrour poor pa- 
rifhioners you may, without fear of 
offending, fometimes viiit them in a 
uefghbourly way, and comfort their 
bodies with food and doathing, but if 
LONDON you go farther, and attempt to benefit 
their fouls, make a daily praAife of 



a 
vifiting them, reproving them when 
wrongi and taking pains to make them 
good chriftians } if you do this, you 
would prefently be called a methodift j 
if yoM carefully avoid thefe thlngt^ 
your company and conveilation may 
be coveted in the world, little matter 
\i^hat you are in other refpe^li, (6 yoa 
are tolerable agreeable $ and, if what 
is called a good fort tif imn, as is the 
acceptation of that charaflerat prefent« 
you will be eieemed. What tbe me« 
thodiils and their do^ines really are« 
I am entirely ignorant of | I do nqt at- 
tempt to take tbsir part i fome good 
well meaning people no doubt there are 
amongft them, and I fear a great many 
bad, and that thry have done a ^reat 
deal of harm is certain, and it is 
HO fmall piece of mifchief I thihk that 
every perfon who dares in this trifling 
^neration to think and ad more fuit- 
ably to 'his (hriftian calling, than the 
generality do, is called oneof that fe^, 
and treated and difrefpe£ted accoi'd- 
ittgly* Tlie influence their good exam- 
ple might have had is lofl, and it is 
lb great a reproach to be religious, that 
many, I doubt, fearful of tbe name 
Ot methodiil, conceal and bury in their 
hearts a natural love for rieligion, and 
a deiire to obey it^s precepts, but (hame 
forbids their li^t fhining before mem 
jBot let me remind fuch of thofe words 
of our faviour, *< Whofoever fhall be 
a(hamed of me and of my words, of 
him ihall the fon of man be a(bamed, 
when he fhall come in his own glory, 
and in hit fathcf^s, i^iid of tbe holy 
aMels.*^ 

^^ O.Z. 

'AS 



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30 D E S C R I 

As we find confidcfabic merit in 
A fix Weeh Tcur, through tbe Soutk- 
im Counties of England and Wales, in 
(Isv^fal Lrttersto a Friend, we (hall give 
ibme cxtradts from that perform anre, 
and at prefcnt the writer'^s defcriptioft 
of Holkam houfc, in Rorfolk. 

«* Holkam, th« celebrated hotife of 
tht codnfeft of Leicefltr, built by the 
late earl, cannot be viewed with too 
iflUcb attention. 1 was itifofrtcd that 
it a{)pcared by much the tnoft magni- 
fiCttit when entered by the fouthern 
ijiproach, and therefore went a fmall 
found for that advantage 5 nor did I 
irt the leafl repent it. The firft ob- 
jeits arc a few fmall clumps of trees, 
which jult catch your attention, and 
give you warning of an approach ; 
They ikeidh out the way to the trium- 
phal arcb, under which the road runs. 
This dnifture is in i beaudfol fade, 
and fini/hcd in an elegant manner : it 
h extremely light, and the white flint 
iMftic^ have a fine effed^. A narrow 
plantation on each fide a broad viRo, 
leads from hence to the obelifk, \ mile 
and a half : This plantation, i (hould 
obferve, otjght to be much broader, 
fbr'^ yoix fee the light through many 
parts of it ; but I apprehend it only a 
sketch of what the late earl defigned, 
suid not meant as complete. At th^ 
bottom of the hill, on which the obe- 
fifk ftands, are the two portefs lodgcs>^ 
fmall, but Terjr neat ftruftures,^ Ki- 
/ing wJth the hill, yCu approach the 
obcH/k, through a very fine planta- 
tion \ and nothing can be attended 
with a better efTe^, than the vidof 
opening at once. There are eight, 
1. To the fouth front of the houfe. 
1. To Ilotkam church, oti the top Of 
a (lecp hill, covered with wood ; a 
maft beautiful objedt. 3. To the town 
^f Wells, a parcel of fcaitered houfei 
appearing in the wood. 4. To the 
triumphal arCh :w-the reft to diilanc 
plantations. Vif(os are by fib meant 
the tafle of the prefent age, but fuch 
a genius as lord Leicefler might be aU 
lowed to deviate from fafhion in favour 
of beauty and propriety. Nofhing 
can be more regular than the front of 
.a great houie, the apprgach to itou^ht 
therefore to partake of this regularity: 



PrrON Jan 

becaufe (Iraigbt cuts are out of fafhion 
it would be an abfurdity to take a wiud 
ing courfe to the houfc door, for th 
fake of catching obje^s allant, and ir 
rcffularly \ Such management is to th 
full in as falfe a tade, as regular cut 
Where the houfe is out ef the queflion 
For Inftance, thofe from the temple a 
Holkamj which, however, comman< 
exceedingly beautiful objeds j amongf 
others. Wells church -^Thc lake 11 
the park, which is fcen from hcnc 
through fome fpreading ^rees in : 
rooft pidlurefque manner— A pfant»< 
hill— The fca— and the reft diftan 
plantations. 

The houfe may be faid taconfift o 
five quadrangles, the center and th 

four wings: ^^t (hit they ar 

fquares, but I ufc the tejcm to give yoi 
a general idea. Each of the two front 
thereof prefent a Center and two wings 
That to the fouth, and the grand ap 
proach, \% as beautiful, light, airy 
(ex#ufe^ tautology) and elegant a build 
vag as can be viewed. The portic< 
is in a fine taftc, and the Connthiai 
pillars beautifully proportioned *. Thi 
central front in every refpe^ that cai 
be named, appears all lightriefs, ete 
gance, and proportion,:— 'But whei 
you advance near, you find no en 
trance to the houfe j there iire no (lair 
lip to the portico I and this circum 
fiance, after fo tine an approach, an^ 
expelling it to be the entrance, be 
comes a difappointment, and a faul 
in the building. 

I have fpokc hitherto of the centra 
front alone. The ' whole, includinj 
the two wings, I cannot think fo per 
feS ; for, to me at leaft, there appear 
a great want of unity. The levera 
parts are not fo nicely connected a 
to form one whole* The (;.eDter mui 
be feen di(!io6l, eacb wing the fame 
9nd Ijkewife the fmafl parts (I knov 
not what to call then)} which join th 
center to the wings. Thefe are al 
diftinft parts, though joined together 
nor is there any fimilitude of taile be 
tween the center and the wings. At 
the pieces of this front are light ant 
elegant to a great degree 5 but whei 
conlidered as the connected parts o 
one whole, the want of unity is ftri 



• // tneiji bfJhuithiproportiOH of a pillar u fateJ^ and ahvays tbt fame, 
knoiAj nothing of arcbitiJfure, hut *vinA) tkefi at lUlham and other f at Blcnkem-^ 
ne*virfpeak hj rules ^ but my eyeu 

kin 



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176S. 



Of M01.J; am-Hou«i. 



J^in^. The center h umfocm, and jf 
I luaj be allowed tlie expreilion, eU- 
gxntly magnificent i Nq building can 
deierve tbefi: epithets more tl^an this : 
But I casfiot apply tbeoi to the whole 
£ront« becauff the parts are not of a 
uniform tafte» and the wnngs are atbeft 
but light and elej^ant $ they have no- 
thing magnificent in them : As to the 
jainiMg fiicest they are pntty, .The 
iauth front confilb of one row of Ve- 
jiedan vrindovs, over another ofcom- 
inon {k(hes in the rufticv. This froa{ 
^oes not pleafe me fo well as the 
Ibath one, but it is by far more of ^ 
*piece with the wings, &c. 

Will you ex£ttfe thcfc criticifms - 
/rom one who knows nothing of arch L- 
te^arcy but its power of pleaiing the 
tafte of indi viduals.-«» Asone among the 
M^ny^ I give you my opinion, but | 
wifli you would pals over all tbefe 
para of my letters, till you fee the 
-ctbfe^s yourfelf, for I cannot give you 
jm idea of the buildings clear enough 
hf deicription for you to fee the pro- 
4pricty or abfurdity of my remarks. 

But the in fide of the houie! fay you— 
Aye, my friend, there lies thejorte of 
Holkamj talk not, ye admirers by 
wholesale, of the fronts-^Contriv^ncp 
nuft have been the chara^lerilUc of 
Lotd JLeicefUr ^ for fo convenient a 
hoak does not exift—-ro admirably 
adaipccd to the Epglilh way of living 
and fo ready to be applied to the grand 
or the comfortable nile of life. 

You enter what they call the great 
liall, but i$ in reality a paffage. It ie 
called m cube of forty eight feet ; bot 
eighteen very large and ma^^niAcenf 
Corinthian pillars, having theu* pedef- 
^s refted on a marble paflage around 
if, and eight or ten feet high from th^ 
ground, the area at bottom is but an 
«bk>n|^ pai&ge, walled in with Derby- 
^re marble, and upon that wall are 
the pillars, fix in a line on each fide, 
•ad ix in front, in a femi-circle, a* 
xound a flight of Heps up to the ia-- 
ioon dooi*. The paflage or gallery, ^ 
ir may be called, runs around thefe 
jiillars, and ^botb together take up [q 
jnuch room that all iort of proportion 
is loft I to look from it into the area, 
it appears exadly like a bath. The 
fcuth front was one proof, and this 
liall 19 another, that the architect's 
^eaiof was not of the magnificent or 
iiibUme ftamp for in bo^h he aimed at 



31 

jjreatneTs ; the imprefSon of the front 
IS varied and confequcntly weakened 
by the wings,, and the want of propoc- 
tion in the hall ruins the vaft c/lc^ 
which would otherwife attend the maa- 
nificenre of fych pillars fo nobly sj- 
rangcd j but i^ the elegant, the plej- 
•!'?§» tbc agreeable, his taile has never 
failed throughout the whole buildiug, 
—The ball is enttrciy of Derbyikiic 
marble. 

The (aloon is forty-two feet bf 
twenty (tvc^, a proportion much con- 
demned, but it is by no means diC- 
pleafing to me. Some call it a gallery | 
and I thiok a gallery is infiHittly pre- 
ferable to a cube, or to any proportion 
near a fquare enormoufly liigh : one of 
the finelt rooms in England is the dou- 
ble cube at Wilton, which is more of 
a gallery than the faloon at Holkam, 
and yet no one ever entered it w^ithout 
being ftruck with the juftnefs of the 
proportions. ■ This laloon it 

bun|; with crimfon caffoy; the pier 
glailes finall on account of the nar- 
rowi^efs of the piers, each againU 
a pillar of the portico, but in fk 
very elegant tafte. The rooms ^ 
the left of the faloon are, firft, a draw- 
ing room 33 by 12, hung with crim- 
fon catFoy. The pier glafles very 
large and exceedingly elegants Th^ 
ajgatc tables beautiful beyond defcrip- 
tion. From thence we entered thp 
landfcapc room, which is a drcOlng 
room to the ftate bedchamber} it^ 
44 (>y 2x, hung with crimfon da^maik » 
a paflage-rOom Jeads to the anti-rooi^i 
to the the chapel, and then into the 
ftate gallery. The walls are of Derb>v- 
(hire raarbie j the altar and all the de- 
corations in a very fine taftc. Returnr 
ing to the landlcapc-room, you pais 
into the ft^te bedchamber, 30 by &^, 
which is fitted up in a mod clegai^t 
tafte. It is hung with French tap-ftry, 
expept between the piers, wliich i^ 
by Mr. Saunders of Soho-lquare, tjip 
colours of the whole exccedinirly bril- 
liant. The bed is a cut velvet, upofi 
a white fattin ground, and as it. ap« 
pears in common is a very handfon^e 
gilt fettee, under a canopy of ftate i 
The derign of tnis bed is equal tp 
any thing you ever I4W. The chim- 
ney- piece remarkably beautiful; Pel- 
licans in white m4rble. The next 
apartment is lady Leiccfter's, comKi- 
ing of a bedchaiiiber, drefllr.g-room, 

cloicr 



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32 



•CONVEKIEIIT A^AttTMCkTS. 



Jah: 



cloCet wttb boojcs, and a fmaller one. 
The bedchamber 24. by »2, purpfe 
damaik, French chain of ChiiTeldreet 
Telvet tapeftry; the chimney-picce a 
ba(r. rtl. of white marble finely polifh- 
cd. The drefiing-room «S by «4 hung 
with blae damalK. So much fbr the 
luite of rooms to the left of the ludl 
and faloon. 

On the other fide you enter from 
the latteri another drawing^oom 33 
by ti, bung with a crimfon flowered 
velvet. The gtaffes tablet and chim- 
fiey-pieces are well worthy of your at- 
tention. From this room you enter 
the ftatue gallery { which, I think, is, 
without exception, the mofl beautiful 
room I ever beheld s The dimenfions 
are to the eye proportion itfclf— no- 
thinjr ofllendi the moft criticifiag. It 
connfts of a middle part 70 feet by «i, 
at e^ah end an odagan of 11, open to 
the center by an arch j in one are com- 
partments with bookf, and In the 
other ftatues : Thofe in the principal 
part of the gallery ftand in niches in 
the wall, along one fide of the room, 
on each fide the chimney piece. Ob- 
ierve in particular the Diana, the fi- 
gure is extremely fine, and the arms 
inimitably turned. The Venus in wet 
drapery is likcwife exquifite ; nothing 
can eixceed the manner in which the 
formof the limbs is feen through Che 
doathing. The dabs are very fine; 
the only plain one in the boufe, (they 
are all gilt fret work and mofaic^ not 
accidentally } it appears to me a nroke 
of propriety and true taftel 

The entrance I have alreadv men- 
tioned from the drawing-room is into 
one o6(agon, and out of the other 
opens the door into the dining-room, 
a cube of twenty-eight feet, with a 
large recefi for the fideboard, and two 
chimney-pieces exceedingly elegant; 
one a fow and pigs and wolf, the 
other a bear and bee-hives, finely done 
in white marble; the nofe of the fow 
iras broke off by a too common mif- 
application of (enfe, /f^/r/^ in/bead of 
fifing i John, to an ob}e£k of fight, 
prefents his fift or his horfewhip. Re- 
turning into the ftatue gallery, one 
o6lagon leads into the Grangers wing, 
and the other to the late earl's apart- 
ment : Confining of, i. The anti- 
room. 2. His lordftiip's dreffing- 
rooni. 3. The library, 50 by «i, and 
exceedingly elegant. 4. Her hidyfhip^s 



drefnng-rt>om. 5. Ttie bed-chamber 
6. A clofet with books. The roonU 
are about ii by 10. The ftransen 
wkigi of anti-chamber-^ dreifin^- 
room— —bed-chamber -« clofet with 
books -^ bed-chamber -^ dreffing-roofb 

— bed- chamber- dreffin J- room-The 

fitting up of the whole houfe, in all 
particulars not mentioned, is in the 
mofl beautiful tafec, the VeYietian win* 
dows beyond ant you ever beheld ; or- 
namented with magnificent pillars, and 
a profufion of gilding. 

But now, (if, let me come to what 
of all oHier circumflances is in Hoi* 
kam infinitef]jr the moft ftriking, and 
what renders it fo particularly fuperior 
to all the great houfes in the king^^ 
fiom-^comfimeMCi' In the firft place, 
with the itate apartments — From the 
hall to the faloon, on each fide a draw* 
ing-room, through one of them to the 
fbite dreffing-room and bed-chamber t 
This is .perteftly complete. Through 
the other drawing-ixxmi to the ftatue- 
gallery, which may be called the rtn* 
dezvous room, and connefls a nunw 
ber of apartments together, in an ad* 
mirable manner; for one o^agoit 
opens into the private wing, and the 
other into the itrangeri, on one fide, 
and into the dining-rooih ort the other. 
This dining-room ir on one fide of 
the hall, on the other is lady Leicef- 
ter*s dreffing-toom ; and through that 
her bed-chamber and clofets. From 
the recefs in the dining-room opens a 
little door on to a f(air cafe, which 
leads immediately to the offices; and 
I fhould likewife tell you, that in the 
center of the wings, by the ceiher of 
the honfe, by the faloon doer, and be- 
hind lady Leicelter's clofet, are flair 
cafes ^uite unfeen, which communi- 
cate with all the rooms, and lead 
down into the officet - I inythnmii 
for the hall is the only room feen^on 
the ground floor; you flep directly 
from a coach into it, without any 
qnarry of winding fleps to wet a lady 
to the fkin before (he gets undef co- 
yer. From the hall yon rife to the Sa- 
loon, or firf^ floor, and there is no at- 
tick. Thus you perceive there are 
four general apartment?, which are all 
diftin6t from each, with no reciprocal 

thoroughfares ; the ftate — her 

lady (hip*s— the late earl's ■ ■ * and the 
(Grangers wing. Thefe fever ally opea 
ii3to what may be called common 

rooms. 



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17K8. pointings dt Holkami 

iooiit and all immediately commiuii- 
tMt with tbe dining room. There 
nay be boufes larger, and more mag- 
nificent, iHit haman genias can never 
contrive any- tUng more convenient. 

f f«ar I hare already expofed my Telf 
in my criticirmf on archite^ure, what 
ImII I therefore fay to the paintings 1 
Itdy apon your candour, and expreft 



to yo« nocliiiig but my feeling ; I bad 
rather prtife what the critics would 
call an execrxhle piece, than be guided 
me r el y by the diaatest>f common fame: 
Many a Tcraet may pleaie me as wefl 
us t Cfattd. I fkall minute the pain- 
ten namet, with the fubje^b, and 
here md there an occafional remark. 

Cignani. Jofieph and Podphar's wife; 
a gcwdpifce. 

P. Pietrit. Tirgin and child. 

Pottffin. Two^fitrgc landfcapes. A 
A roudlerOne. Three others in the 
bndf^ape-room ; €ne. Two others. 

Vandyke. Duke of Aremberg ; a 
fcry feocTMCce. 

P. Coftona. Coriolanui: The £- 
gure of the old man kneeling before 
CeriolaaiiSy and hiding his face with 
fm bsids^ ia extremely fine ; but the 
figmne of Coriolanus himfelf, without 
Agiiit3S baughtinels, or any great ex- 
prefion. The wife leading her two 
childretiy and fmllin^ on them, forms 
■ figure of no expreffion : The colour- 
ing, however, and the back ground 
are good ; the dtfpofition indifferent. -- 
Jacob and £(aa, dark and difagreea- 
hie. 

GieniiBppi Cfaierera. Continence of 
C cjp i o , The orofile of the Spani(h la- 
dy, wonderfuily graceful and fine. 
ScifRo^fl, a very bad figure, his coun- 
tenmce without expreiBon; but the dif- 
pofifirm of the group very well ima- 
gnubd.— Perfias and Andromeda ; An- 
Sroineda*t fijgnre, a very good one, and 
Che whole piece well coloured. 

Procochtano. Death of Lucretia; 
the Hghts and (hades very bad.— Qujn- 
tiM Cincinnituf. 

Gfiido. Jofeph and Potiphar's wife j 
AOfie of this famous painter's bright 
and giowing manner. The colounng 
hard and difagreeable.— A fainfshead. 
—Cupid.— Alfomption ; vile. 

Rubens. Flight into Egypt; a good 
^^ore, but the %urcs difagrccblc, 
c^cially Mary's, who is a female 

jaa, 1768. 



33 

mountain. The drawing appears to 
be bad.— Birds. 

/Titian. Venus; the colouring goitt 
off, hard and difagreeabU* — Venetian 
lady ; colours gone— Woman's head i 
ditto. 

Dominichino. Lot. and his daugh- 
ters J dark and difagreeablet— Atra^ 
ham and Ifaac, (in the landfcap^-room) 
rather in a dark ilile. 

Carlo Maratt. Alandfcape not in his 
bright manner.— Judith and flolopber- 
nes; dark.— Madona, reading.— Apollo 
and Daphne.— Magdalen and angel., 

Vernet. Two views of a iformj 
hoth exceeding fine. 

Salvator Rofa. A rt)ck 5 very jin^ 

F. Bolonefe. A rock.— St. joh$ 
Baptift. 

Onionte. Two landfcapes. 

L. Giordano. St. John preachings 

Claud. Loraine. Liindfcapes ; rivcf 
and bridge. -tegafus.- - Argus.- • Apollo 
keeping (hecp.— Three others..-Repof^ 
in Egypt. In tbefe landfcapes, Claud's 
elegant genius Ihines with uncoromoa 
luftre. 

LucatelH, Two landfcapes. 

Hamilton, Jupiter and Juno; co- 
louring bad } her neck and face the 
beft. 

An. darrach. Polyphcmc and Ga- 
latea ; the drawing ftrong and iine. 

Conca. Two altar pieces | indiffc* 
rent colouring. 

Albano. Holy family. 

P. Laura. Two pieces of boys and 
flowers. 

Raphael. Madona and child ; drair- 
ing and colouring very fine.— Holy fa- 
mily. Bttt querf of both to the coi\- 
noifleurs in originality. 

Parmegiano. Woman in a cave ; 
pleaffs me better than any piece in 
this coUedlion. The face very expref- 
five, extremely delicate, finely turned, 
and the drapery exquifite, difplaying 
the roundoefs of the limbs through it 
in the happieft tafte. 

P. VeronefCi M. Magdalen, wafhf 
ing our Saviour's feet. 

jBafTan. Chrifl carrying the crofs, 

Lanfranco. Youth and Old Age, 
two pieces ; the Old Man vcfy fine.— 
Angel appearing to Jofeph in a dream 5 
dark ilile. 

And. Sacchi. Abraham, Khmacl, 
&c. 

Cyprianj. St. Ann;, and St. Ce^- 
S ]ia« 



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34 



A Barbarous Stratagem. 



lia. The colouring very fine; the 
attitades admirablei ind the drapery 
graceful. 

The ob]e6k moft ftrikin^ on the 
north iide of the park» is the lake» 
which is of great extent, and the 
moft beautiful I ever faw } the (hore 
is a very bold one, all covered with 
w«od to a great height, and on the 
top ftands the church. The planta- 
tions in general are (ketched with more 
tafte than any to be feen : In the num- 
ber of acres many exceed them ; but 
they appear to various points of view, 
infinitely more confiderable than they 
really arc. At the north entrance in- 
to the park, they (how prodigiouily 
|;rand : you look full upon the houfe 
■with a very nohle back ground of 
wood i the obelt(k juft above the cen- 
ter 4 with an extent of plantation on 
each fide that renders the view really 
magnificent. Nothing can be more 
b^utiftfl than that from the church, 
the boufe appears in the midft of an 
amphitheatre of wood, the planta- 
tions rifing one above another. An- 
other point of view which I would re- 
commend to you, is the vale on the 
eaft fide of the park. The north plaii- 
tati6n ftretches away to the right, 
with vaft magnificence, and the iouth 
Woods to tlie left, and joining in the 
front, which is an extent of plantation 
that has i noble eifea.'* 

A/t AciouMt of a hafe mid barbarous Stra* 
iagem fraS'tfed by a Moorifii Frinct. 

HISTORY records a very fingular 
and cruel fcheme of politics pro- 
jected and executed by Mebemet AU 
mehdi, king of Fez, a prince not 
Icls remarkable for his ambition than 
kia refined craft and b^pocrify. He 
iiad a long war to maintain againft 
fome neighbouring nations, who refu- 
fcd to fubmit to his tyranny. He 

gained over them fcver^l viclories, 
ut having afterwards loit a battle, 
wherein he had expofed his troops 
fi^ith a blind fury, tbey were To difpi- 
rited that they refufed to go again ft 
the enemy. To infpira them with 
courage, he imaginea the 'following 
Kratagem : 

Having aifembled fecretly a certain 
number of officers who were bell af- 
fe^ed to him, he propofed to chem 
confiderable rewards, if the> would 
^onfent to be iliut up for fomc hours^ 
I 



Jan. 

in srives, as if they bad been killed 
in oattle ; that he would leave theoa a 
fu/Hcient vent for breathing, and that 
when, in confequence of a fuperfti- 
tious device he defigned cunningly to 
fpread through the army, tbey 2ioiil4 
happen to be interrogated, they wer« 
to anfwer, that they had found what 
their king had promt fed them \ that 
they enjoved the rewards of martyr* 
dom, and that thofe who (honld imi- 
tate them by fighting valiantly, and 
ihould die in that war, wouli enjoy 
the fame felicity. The thing was exe- 
cuted as he had propofed. He laid hit 
^oft faithful fervants anwng the dead» 
covered them with earth, and left 
them a fmall vent for drawing breath. 
He afterwards entered the camp, and 
afiembling the principal chiefs about 
midnight : <^ You are (faid he) the 
(bldiers of God, the defenders of the 
faith, and the proteflon of truth* 
Prepare to exterminate your enemies, 
^ho are likewife the enemies of the 
Moft High, and depend upon it you 
win never find fo fure an opportunity 
of being pleafing in his fight. But, 
as there may be daftards and ftupid 
wretches among youi who do not be- 
lieve my words, I am willing to coiv- 
vince them by tbe fight of a great 
prodigy. 

Go to the field of battle, afic thofe 
of your brethren who have been killed 
this day J they will aflure you that 
they enjoy the moft perfcS happinefs, 
for having loft their lives in this war." 
He then ted them to the field of bat- 
tle, where he cried out with all' hit 
might ; " O aflembly of faithful mar- 
tyrs, make known how many won- 
ders you have feen of the moft high 
God !" They anfwered, " We have 
received from th^ Almighty infinite 
rewards, which the living can have 
noul^aof.** The chiefs, furprifedat 
this anfwer, ran to publifh it in the 
army} and revived courage in the 
heart of the foldicry. Whilft this was 
tranfa^ed in the camp, the king, feign- 
ing an exUfy, caufed by this miracle, 
remained near the graves where his 
buried fervants vraited their deliver- 
ancej but he flopped up the holes 
through which they breathed,, and 
fent them to receive, in the other 
world, by this barbarous ftrataecm, 
the reward they had made a declara- 
tion of to othsri, 

AMONG 



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1768. 



A Spirited Address.' 



AMONG tbe many pieces pub- 
liflwd relative to th^ eniuing 
general eledion, the following ijpiritea 
one (eems to claim peculiar nouce. 

7# tie £iiff$rs of ibi County of Norfolk^ 
. 01^ oftbt City and County of Norwich. 

Gentlemen, 

A S it is the undovbted right, fo I 
wiih it may for ever remain, the unre^ 
trained privilege of all Britiih fubjefts, 
freely to declare their fentiraents, con- 
sent with truth and correfpondent 
Cids i concerning the public conduct 
oftfaofi!whoareentnifted with our li- 
berties^ and of thoiewho afpire after tbe 
honour of reprefenting us in the boufe 
4>f commons. The prefent time of an 
approaching eledion, is certainly the 
Bioft proper for a fa\€t impartial an- 
i)uiry into tbe views, the conduft, and 
abilities of all who olFer themielves as 
candidates. The endeavouring, there- 
fore, to remove prejudices and prepof- 
ieffions, to inform or undeceive our 
follow eledors, by dating fadis in a 
yoA and fair light} fo as may fix 
their deunaination on tlie choice of 
reprefontatives, whd are from princi- 
ple fincerdy and heartily in the inte- 
re&offiboty, on which the fecurity 
of our perfons and property fo eflfen- 
tialJy depeodi is highly commendable. 
-—And as many p&s have been era- 
ployed in this laudable conteft, I here- 
by caft my mite into the oubiic trea- 
idrj: becaufe a fatal miftake in our 
choice of men to reprefent us in par- 
liament for feven years ; may deprive 
US, and our pofterity, of all that is 
dear and valusible ; and may perhaps, 
make it even dangerous to fjpeak the 
truth, of tbofe whom we choole for the 
guardians of our liberties. 

A large eflate 6nly, qualifies no 
man for a Icgiflators becaufe many 
fuch, not only want veracity, but are 
weak and ignorant i and may eafily 
be made the dupes and tools of artful 
and defigning courtiers.— Covetous 
men, and profufe extravagant men, 
are neither of them fit to be entruft- 
ed with our liberties ; becaufe liable to 
be lAAoenced by bribes i as the one 
muft have money, and the other will 
hare it.— Ambitious men, and fuch 
aa are addided to gaming, are alfo 
equally dangerous. — We ought there- 
fore to be very careful into what 
faandf we commit our liberties and 



35 



properties— Such as have been proved 
and found faithful to the truft repofed 
in them, may fafely be chofcn again. 
But if any appear to have been venal, 
weak, inattentive, or any other way . 
unfit for the difcharge of (o important 
a trull J they ought now with a be- 
coming Britiih fpirit and refolution to 
be rejefled. 
We have had two moft important 

5|ueftions, warmly debated in the pre- 
ent pariiament. Namely, the Ame- 
rican ftamp aft 5 and that about the 
illegality of general warrants.— Such 
members as were willing to put a 
yoke upon the necks of their fellow, 
fubjefts abroad, and to force their 
money out of their pockets againft 
their confent, without an aft orthcir 
own legiflative aflcmblies, may be fup- 
pofed likely enough to give into mea- 
fures, injurious to their conftituents | 
when it may ferve fome particular 
views or intereft of their own.— 
And whoever voted in favour of gene- 
ral warrants, by poftponing that moft 
important queiiion; has openly dc- 
ferted the uicred and glorious caufe 
of liberty, given up the faireft oppor- 
tunity that ever prefentcd, for afcer- 
taining the law which fecures the per-* 
fons and properties of the people of 
Great Britain, from the arbitrary 
will and pleafure of men in power, 
to feize and riffle them by virtue of 
fuch warrants. 

The-pretences made ufe of to excufe 
fuch voters, cannot be admitted : For 
the queflion about general warrants, 
was not moved in parliament to fn- 
ctpitatCf or fufortede tht power of tbe 
courts of law, to alter tbeir rule of pro* 
ceediug^ or to bring them into a fiaxe of 
dependanceon tbe boufe of commons \ not to 
prejm^e or e<voke tbe caufe^ and bante it 
condemned by an arbitrary refolutiou 
there. Jj*^, with other (hggeftions 
of the Irue Briton \ in tbe Norivub 
Mercury of Nov, a 8, could not poflibly 
be the reafons upon which tbe opinion 
0^ tbe afperfed gentlemen nvas founded, 
when they voted on the i7ih of Feb. 
1764, to poftpone the queftion about 
general warrants : becaufe, tbe illega- 
lity of them had been decided in the 
Court of Common Pl^s above two 
months before i and upon which, 
Lord Chief Juftice Pratt declared,frora 
the Bench, that upon the matured 
conlideration, general warrants are ih 
£ a legal 



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36 



ShrswD Questions." 



Ja». 



UgaL Central tuarranis art unconftitu- 

tional. General ^warrants art ro4s of 
iron for the ch.ijiifement of the ptopU of 
Great Britain. --Tht oppofition there- 
fore which was made to the rcfpla'tion 
propofed in parliament on the i4.th 
of February, 1764, could only be d«- 
iigned to prevent the houfe of com^ 
mons from giving a faiiflion to Lord 
Camden'i opinion, and confirming the 
determination of the Court of Common 
Picas. And was it not for this, that 
fome placemen were threatened tp 
be difmiflVd by thofe in power ? If 
they did not quit tjie minority, witl> 
whom they at firft joined i and vote 
OB the other fide when the debate 
came on again : in order to ftop, 
fuch a refolution as might then have 
pafled, for the beneiu and fafety 
of the fubje6>s of Great Britain } 
But by poflponiag the queftion, a ne- 
cefiary amendment to (Irengthcn and 
explain the law, whereby our perfoni 
and properties would have been be- 
yond difpute fecured to us,^ by a re- 
cord in the regifters <4 parliament, 99 
yitW as in the Coui't of Common Pleas^ 
was prevented by thofe tools of power. 
— How therefore can it be expc6led 
that the true friends of liberty (hould 
approve, and re- cleft thofe to rcpre- 
/ent them again in parliament, who 
have done the public fo great an in- 
jury, that they may juftly be efteeiijcd, 
l^ot the friends, but the enetnies of 
liberty ? 

' And 18 it not very aftonifhing tliat 
gentlemen can dare to Jeclart in printt 
4nd fign their names ; that m quejlion 
t^on th^ iegalitj or illegalitj of general 
iuarrants luas enjer mo'ved in the houfe ? 
Norwich Mercury, Oft, 31. Andf to 
add Nov. 14. *lhat nxihatt'ver queflion 
ftiighi ietropcfeJ on thi \\th of February . , , 

1764., 'The Ugalitj or illegalitj of general from hit public conduft. ' He 
nAjarrants ivas not ihe point in dtbait on openly approved and joined in 
that day? and yet (as their advocate 
the True Briton confeflcth) this was 
the refolution propofed " that a ge- 
neral warrant for apprehending and 
feiiing the authors, printers, and 
publiQiers of a feditious libel, toge- 
ther with their papers, is not war- 
ranted by law/' Namely, is not legal. 
Does not this queftion dircftly lead to 
that point and to that point only ? 
But if this point was not at all confi- 
de red cr «i^-'it^d (which I do not fe« 
h'jw it cc uu Uc avoided) the gentle- 



me^i (hould b«ve informed' the PoWcy 
who are lb greatly diflatisfied wkh 
them, what point it was which. ^ 
warmly engaged the attendon of par- 
liament for two days in that feifion. 
And at to the following words; 1/ 
*wfi$ thought that this *wotud be mtrt r<* 
gularfy determined in the courta of latM9 
luhere it nuas tbtn dtptnding, emd nvh^g 
only in our opinion it ivotild kt properff 
decided. Does not this reafon for their 
voting prove, tbt point in que/Hon ivtu 
debated, and contradift their firft af- 
fertion ? And therefore, what it this 
but meer evafion? Is it not very 
ilrange^ that gentlemen could fo foon 
forget, or that the queftion itfelf, and 
what muft neceilariiy have bean 
fpoken apon it, Otould not make them 
remember, that the caufe itfelf had 
been clearly decided in the Court o£ 
Common Pleas, before aa upright 
judge, and moft able lawyer i Itttla 
more than two months before ? How 
therefore can they expeft that we 
Piall entruft the perfons and proper^ 
ti^s, righu and privileges of the peo^ 
pie of Great Britain again, in the 
fame hands, who voted (o injurioufly 
to tlie facred caufe of liberty; and 
publifli fuch declarauons to cover mif* 
conduft ? But faftfi areftubboro thingSy 
and will aot bend to ferve a bad caulie, 
whilft the fafts above admit of no 
djfpnt^. 

A new candidate prefentt himTtU' 
to the city and county of Norwich « 
with the ufual profeifion of zeal to 
promote tht nvelfartf tht trade, and ma^ 
nufaSures of this great city : and that ka 
ivill moft Jlrenuovjly oppofe edl atttmpts 
upon the liber ^ of tht fmbje^ tmd t^ery 
other unconfttutionai mtafwrt. But aa 
aftions fpeak louder than words, we 
are left to infer hit true principlei 

has: 

nomination of thofe wbofe votes in par* 
liament have rendered them obnoc- 
tious to the friends of libtrty.^^By hia 
efpouiing the interefty and endeavour- 
ing to promote the re-eleftion of thofe 
gentlemen, may it not be juftly fup- 
pofed ^notwithftanding his public 
declaration) he approves the very 
voting which hat given fuch difguft 
to the public ? And may we'' not from 
thence fear his joining in the like 
meafures when opportunity prefents» 
if confiftent with hit own particular. 

view^ 



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wkm md iattftft ^-^I know notliiii; 
flf kis ibilkm for 2 fenator ; but be 
km difconrod estli«r hit wiTdom, or 
kh rriHif fr, ia conitndiig to publiAi 
kk aaoie in a lift of it^. A \Uk, im 
igf ofnaion, 00 wiy to tb^ credit of 
tBf gntlemen namfd in it, txcept 
tke two cimiidatct. Nor was I a llttl« 
iarpoMd at ieeing (6 many gentlemen 
o£ femmc, degenerated (b far from 
tbe tme pnocifTe& of liberty, and the 
u3bkc fpim of oar anceftors i by fub*- 
misiRg to be fo expoM. Though 
iiiiked it is too common a thing, for 
a iew artful and deiigning men by a 
iiiddeo propo(al, to infliience, and 
6mm othtn into a compliance with 
that, vhicb» upon due coofideratioA 
tbcf di£ipprov«.— And if our new 
raodidatf defirea, and would obtain, 
tbe voces, tbe tntereft, and fupport of 
trv ficieods to liberty ; I believe, him- 
fetf and his frieiidt, muft iirft openlv 
rcaoooce their Gonnedion» with tho(e 
who have deiertad the caufeof liberty^ 
sod not 9pfffif but mtfi flnmnujiy en* 
dcsmor to prevent their re-election s 
to ifaew, that he is confiftent with hit 
pohfic declaration, that he tmll mofi 
/trtMmM/h opffft aU aitunpis up9H tbe 
B^irp if the fubjeff and enfety ctber mp» 
fw/trtMiioMol miofxre. 

A tme firieod to liberty, 

An impartial, and 
Inoependant Electoi.. 

t# tbe AUTHOR ^ tbe LONDOM 
MAGAZINE. 
SI R, 

ICoo^ratulate my coontrymen on the 
revival of that noble fpirit of hof- 
pttatity lately demonlh^ted by a ge- 
neral aver£oB to the mean praAice of 
giviag what is called vails to their fer- 
nots, that bane of friendly entertain- 
QKat. And when gentlemen arrive 
u ^ jaft abhorrence of their own be|^. 
psSj domefticks, they will entertain 
the laqie ideas of them every where 
dfc. fieggars having been ever deemed. 
ntn&Bccs, diigraceful to chriitianity, 
aod even common fociety s And al- 
thoogh at gentlemen's houfet their fer- 
vuti do not aduaU;^ beg, yet is their 
scceptanoeof a gratuity beggarly t And 
the perfim wbooffisrs it muH behirafelf 
of ameaafpifit, aa he thereby offers a 
V^ affront to the maAer of thehoule. 
Theit begi^rt of the dumb claft, al- 
<ittQ|h probabVy b^^gart bred> yet 



FuUk htns. 



n 



fhould not be fuffered to bring their 
itch into a family. But they are the 
^ZjP^ of another tribe I am about 
to ipeak of, bred and licenfed begirt, 
which you meet vrith at every inn, 
when no foooer the bill it called for, 
but thefe fetters pnck up their ears, 
and icamper to obilru6lf the avenues 
of retreat. A gentleman, or tradef- 
man, chufes the inn where he may be 
as free as at his own houfe $ you are 
flrewcd a room, wherein to red and 
refrefli yourfelf, your horfe is taken 
to the ffable for his eafe and refrclh- 
ment, you pay what is charged to you 
for all this, and when you are difpofed 
to remove, would like to go off with 
the fame eafe as from home. But, 
alas ! you find the cafe quite different, 
more like getting out of a fponging- 
houfe, where debit a. per betas kvt de* 
manded for each of their myrmidons. 
The appei^ance, in tbe way to your 
horfe or carriage, of ^evcry one con- 
cerned to deliver what you have or- 
dered, give fignificant intimations of 
their demands upon you, which, if 
you negle^, you will be fore to hear 
them bawl out with an infolent tone 
of petition,, as. Pray remember the 
oftlcr, pray remember the waiter, 
pray remember the chambermaid, 
pray remember the bootcatcher. Sec. 
And if you could infenfibly pafs that 
gantlet, you muit alfo pafs that of 
their fcurrilous abufe, as. You are no 
gentleman, and probably a fcrub, or 
a fcoundrel, and all this while, per- 
hapS) the landlord or landlady pre&nt, 
quite unconcerned, wiihing you a ve- 
ry good journey. They have got their 
demands, and their fervants are at li- 
berty to bully you for their wages. 
Such is the prefent fcandalous iitua- 
tion at tbe inns in England, owing to 
the wretched ftate of their unprovi- 
ded fervants, who frequently fuffer 
for their maffers ill ufage; unprovi- 
ded, becaufe the generality coming 
from the dunghill and fturdy beggars 
bred, are fuffered to continue (Oy 
through the mean greedinefs of their 
maffers, who thereby merit no better 
guefts than gamblers. Now, finding by 
ail the advertifementf of new inn« 
keepers, their offers of tbe beft accom- 
modation, and moft |;enteel treatments 
I would put them in a certain me- 
thod to perform thefe offers in tbe 
moft agreeable maimer for their guefts, 

and 



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3« 



An UsBruL Sciifi^MB 



and moil ureful to themielves. F«r 
which purpofe I propofe they ihould 
retam no bcggarsy but provide fuffi- 
ciently for their fervantty without al- 
lewing them to accept any perqui- 
sites at all. Which would difl!ingui(h 
the moft genteel treatment by obvia- 
ting what is moft ungenteel. Now the 
queftion arifes^ How muft the defired 
reformation be accomplifhed confiftent 
with reciprocal advantage ? I anTwer, 
That allowing the eftablilhed cuftom 
of fome acluiowledgment for atten^ 
dance at inns, let the landlords pay 
their fervants fufficient wages, and at 
the bottom of the bill, write atten- 
dance^ leaving a blank for the perfon 
to eive what he plealiBSi for every tra- 
V^elier would prefer the method of ha- 
ving only one perfon to pay. The 
landlord fupplies you with proyjfionsy 
which are not chargeable till delivered, 
and whether himfelf, his wife, his chil- 
dren, or fervantf, bring it in, is im- 
material to you, if you are to pay for 
attendance : you will find it much 
cafier to make the landlord an allow- 
ance for that purpofe, than to cram 
the hungry jaws of his gaping cormo- 
rants, VI ho are fo irregularly fed. A 
temperate man, an invalid, a lady^ 
who perhaps caimot difpenfe with li- 
quors fufficient to pay the houfe for 
trouble, ^^re therefore prompted to 
give e;ctraordinary to the iervantSj 
whereby the mafter is a lofer i And if 
you leave fomething for the fervants in 
general, you will probably after that 
have the trouble to acquamt them all 
of it., and (b pleafe none. A man at 
5 1, a woman at 3!. aboy at40S. and 
a girl at 30 J. piraufium, which inclu- 
ding oilier, chambermaid, booicatcher, 
^nd waiter, at a final] inn, amounts 
to 14}. or 16 1. per annum. But in 
coQfideratioo of their attendance, late 
and early, they perhaps merit double 
wages, which will be about 30 1. Now 
let us fee how the landlord may fup- 
po^ this additional expence, fuppofmg 
he was not ufed before to give any 
warn at all. For baiting, as it it 
called, which is to flop m the day 
time, and away again, I think no 
attendance fhould be mentioned. As 
I believe we have need only to bring 
into account, thofe who iiay all night, 
at the low computation of is. eac^,i 
which at leaft they have been ufed to 
give. A fmall inn« that lodges but 



'Jan. 

foarteen in a week', will thereby pro- 
duce 36 1. 8 s. probably more, bfcaofe 
no traveller will be deemed at fuch 
who offers lefs, and to (how that, the 
landlord may return it at not worth 
hit accepunce, which will iofallibl/ 
anfwer the purpofe. Where tbei« 
are more attendants, more lodgert n% 
doubt, confequently more perquifitea* 
Which by thus fecuring and keeping 
an account of the produce, will ena- 
ble the landlord to know nearly, what 
waget he can afford hit fervants, whm 
tnviSt do very well, if they get double 
what they would be allowed in pri* 
vate families. Their money would 
come in at fhited timet to do them 
good, they would go on regularly with 
their bufinefs, with left tipling and 
gaming amongfl them. Many land- 
lords might, by thele means, put fome 
hundreds a year in their pockets, and 
keep houfet like gentlemen. There 
being inns, who, for half the year, 
lodge every night from twenty to thir- 
ty, forty, and fifty people. Such a 
houfe would be called the Gentlemau^t 
Inn, and with propriety be fo diftin- 
guifhed. I fubmit thefe at the out- 
ijnes ofa method, which I fhould be 
glad to fee improved. If a traveller 
hat the humour further than this, ta 
diftinguifh any particular fervant, let 
it be accepted hy the landlord, only 01^ 
the terras of being fpent in the houfe^ 
in fuch liquor at that fervant may 
cfanfe, at hit Or her leifore. Penilltiet 
on begging, or accepthig perquifitet, 
to be infilled at the difcretion of the 
landlord. 

The only obje^ion to this method it, 
I can foreiee, that you will fay per- 
haps, we hereby lay a fciindation for 
an additional charge at our inns s 
The charge I look upon at already ef- 
ublifhed on difagreeable terms ; but a 
peremptory charge, can never take 

glace, if we make it a rule, uppn 
nding attendance actually charged, to 
give nothing at all. 

I fee no reafon why the habits of fer- 
vants at inns fhould not be oniform , 
as well at at gentlemens houfet ; they 
would make a better apperance, and 
that afllair is eafily ordered,by an agree- 
ment at hiring to allow them doatht . 
of a certain value, after they have 
been a fUted time. 

R,W. 



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1768. 



Manufacturers Addresses. 



39 



r# tift AUTHOR 9f the LONDON 
MAGAZINE. 
$11, 

I Am defiront to know, if any of 
foor readers can« from experience, 
ml&Dg or reafoning, give any account, 
if\xj& eyes on going to deep, re- 
?dlfe upwards, which I have good 
mfbn to bdieve is the cafe ^th all 
ammalsy though I do not remember 
seediie with any account thereof. 
I am your conftant reader, 

R. W. 

[In your Magazine for November^ 

the recipe for a cancer is put in wrong 

chanders, viz. j dram, which ihouid 

kf e been J ounce, a wide difference 1 

W. W. 

TH E foUawing addrefs of the ma- 
nufa^hirers and traders of the ci« 
tics of London and Wcftminfter, . a< 
slfo thtfe of Spital fields and parts ad- 
jtcent, has been prefented to his ma- 
jcAy: Which addrefs his majefty was 
pleafed to receive very gracioufly. 
To the king's moft excellent majefty. 
May it pleafe your majefty, 

W£ your roajefty*s rooft dutiful 
ud loyal fubjeds, manufadtarers and 
tnders of your cities of London and 
Wcftminfter, as alfo thofe of Sintal- 
£ddt and parts adjacent; humbly of- 
fer our moft grateful thanks, for the 
hteinftance of your majefty *s paternal 
tendemeft and compaffionate regard, 
cxprefied in your royal declaration, 
that all future court mournings (hail 
k flwrtened. (See p. 651.) 

We have the deeper fenfe of this 
nark of your majefty ^s gracious condef- 
cenfioD, as it waa unfolicited \ a refo- 
{ution which at once promotea trade, 
iavi^rates induftry, and can never be 
^gotten in the annals of your majef- 
ty'f reign. 

The example fo replete with love to 
]^or fubjeds in general, and com- 
psflion to the poor raanufadlurers in 
particular,, infpires us with the wann- 
cft and moft refpcAful gratitude : and 
^Q ever engage our prayers to Di- 
vine Providence, that your majefty 
nay long continue to reign in the 
tiearts of your grateful people; to 
^ the bfeffings of domeftic felicity 
vitb your illuftrious ccnfort, and 
royal i£be \ and to experience the 
Mppy rewards your majefty's diftin- 



guifhed virtues fo eminently merit. 

[Signed by the Lord Mayor; Sir 
Robert Ladbrokc, Sir Richard Glyn, 
and a confiderable number of the ma- 
nufa6lurers and traders of the cities of 
London and Wcftminfter.] 

The following addrefs of the bay- 
liffs, wardens, aftlftants, and commo- 
nalty of the trade, art, and myfterf 
of weavers, London, hAs been prefent- 
ed to his majefty \ which addre(s hit 
majefty was pleafed to receive very 



To the king's moft excellent majefty. 
Moft gracious fovereign, 

W B your majefty^s moft dutiful and 
loyal fhbjedts the bayliffs, wardens 
aififtants, and commonalty of the tradcj 
art, and myftery of weavers, London, 
in behalf of ourfelves, and the filk 
manufa&urert in and about Spital- 
fields, 

Moft humbly beg leave to embrace 
the firft opportunitv, as in duty bound, 
to return our moft grateful thanks to 
your majefty, for your majeft^r's \ztt 
Hioft gracious declaration, that m com- 
paftion to the number of manufa6iur- 
ers and traders, who have been great 
fufFerers by the length of court mourn- 
ings, your majefty hath been pleafed 
to give directions for fhortenlng them 
in future. Such tender feelings for 
the fobje^t of a ftate could only in- 
fpire the royal breaft of a prince. 
whofe virtues loudly proclaim the good 
of his people to be the firft object of 
his thoughts, and the ultimate end of 
all his adtions. 

We beg leave moft humWy to af- 
forc your majefty, that this your ma- 
jefty's benevolent refolution will great- 
ly promote the filk manufaftures of 
this kingdom, give great fpirit to the 
trade, tend to the improvn^ment of it, 
in many branches, and be the means 
of giving conftant employment to our 
workmen $ many of whom, owing to 
the late mournings, have'been out of 
employ, and in want of bread. 

At the fame time that we offer up 
our tribute of thanks to your majefty, 
we (hould think ourfelves very un- 
grateful to your majcfty^s royal con- 
&it, if we did not humbly expreff 
our fenfe of the great obligations we 
lie under to her majefty, for her gene- 
rous patronage and encouragement of 
our (ilk manufacture; and we are 
bound to make the lame ackaow- 

IcdgUKiit 



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Oftbi douhU Horns rfihe KWmoctwC 



40 

ledgment to the reft of the royal familyv 
for the diftinguifhed preference they 
give to the wrought ftlks of this king- 
dom. 

That your majefty'« reign may be 
tiappy» long» and glorious, will be the 
conftant prayer of us, your majcfty's 
moft faithful fubjefts. 
Weavers-Hall, p- xiAam* rii-Hr 
4th Jan. 1768. Eb. Bnggs, Clerk. 

A Letter from James Parfons, M. D. 

f*. R. S. td the Right Honourable the 

Earl of Morton, Pr^ftdint of the 

Rojal Society \ on the double Horns rf 

the Rhinoceros. 
[Read before the R. 8. Feb. 17, 17^6.] 

My Lord, 
\\7 H E N I had the honour of lay- 
▼ V ing ray natural hiftory of the 
Rhinoceros before this learned focieiy 
in 17439 which is printed in number 
470, page 513, of the Traniadions, I 
had not an opportunity of (hewing a 
double horn to the members i I have, 
therefore, taken this firft occaTion to 
entertain the prefeat members with a 
iight of a noble (pecimen of the horns 
ot an African Rhinoceros, brought 
from the Cape of Good Hope, by my 
curious and worthy friend William 
Maguire, Efq; among many other cu- 
riohties ; prcfuming that few of the 
fociety have ever fecn a pair of the like 
land. But what renders this lubjedl 
the more particular, and worthy of ob- 
fervation, is that, by means of know- 
ing there is a fpecies of this animal, 
having always a double horn upon the 
nofe, in Africa, MartiaPs reading is 
fupported againft the criticiftu of Bo-* 
chart, who changed the true text of 
that poet, in an epigram upon the 
ftrength of this animal ; for when 
Domitian ordered an exhibition of 
wild beads, as it was the cuftom of 
fcvcral emperors, the poet fays : 
The Rhinoceros toffed up a heavy 
bear with his double horn : 
Namque gravem gemino cornu fie extuUi 

urfum» 
and as Bochart knew nothing of a 
double horn, he changed this line both 
in reading aivi fenfe, thus : 
Namque gravi geminum cornu fie extuUt 

eurum. 
as if two wild bulls were toiled up in- 
to the air, by the itrong horn oi the 
Rhinoceros. 

Mi. Muituire adopted the notioA 



]txu 

of ft fingle horn, bftt was of oplnkm 
that the geminum enrum of Bochart 
ought to have been plural, geminos #«. 
rw, as being more elegant j and he 
was followed by Doaors Mead and 
Douglas, with this difference, that 
Jhefe changed the euros for arfls, at 
imagrining they were rather bears than 
bulls, that were thrown up by thii 
Aoble animal. 

Our then worthy prefident Martin 
Folkes, Efq; had feen my account of 
this fubjea, at the end of which, I 
endeavourtd, however prefumptooufly, 
to defend Martial's reading againft 
Bochart and the other eminent per- 
Tons mentioned ; and defired I would 
let it be read and printed, which I 
very readily agreed to, as his requeft 
did me much honour. t 

Before my paper was printed^ Mr* 
Maituire and Do6tor Douglas died 1 
and the learned Do6tor Mead was the 
furviving critic, upon thie line, of 
the three. Upon this occafion, there- 
fore, I have a double pleafure j firft in 
amufmg the prefent gentlemen with a 
moft ctu-ious fpecimen in natural htf- 
tory i and, fecendly, in remembring, 
in this place, the nice candor and 
cenerofity of Do^or Mead upon that 
lubjeft. For, about four months af- 
ter the paper was printed, he received 
a prefent of feveral curious fhelltt 
feeds, £cc, and with them the bones 
•f the face of a youne Rhinoceros^ 
with two horns if^tu, all inttre, by a 
captain, of an African trader, who 
brought them from Angoki. 

As foon as he faw the horns, he 
fent to invite me to breakfaft, and 
there, in company, ingenuouily gave 
up his paft opinion, and declared for 
Martial ; and, indeed, I muft add 
to the praife of that great man, that, 
as I was happy in being frequiently at 
his houife, I was witnefs to many luch 
inftances of the moft difinterefted can- 
dor and generofity, where any part of 
fcience was the.topic, among bis feteft 
friends. 

This anecdote I thought proper to 
mention upon the prefent occafion | 
nor can too much be faid to his ho- 
nour, among all lovers of philoiophi* 
cal learning. I am, 

Your lord (hip's 

moft obedient fervant, 

James Parsons. 

P. S. The figure of the double 

honi 



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^^M.^M's:.. 



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iy€8. jSnecdotes of Luca Jcfdanb. 

^som of tfae l^fntiocerol liere defcribed 
n fecn m thfc PlaTI. The dinwnfions 
»fe fts fDllo<ir», vii. The length of 
the anterkH' horn, me^furing with a 
IriBg along the convex fore psrrt, is 
xo inches 5 perpendicular height iSj 
circutBference ii ^ at the bale; the 
poderidf horii rt ill p<;rpcndicubr 
Bei^ht 19 f ; circumference round the 
fcile 18 t length of both bafes together 
upon the nxfM bo^es 14 ; and the 
w-igbt of btjffi together is 14 pounds 
10 ounces. 

The RhlHocerfl* of the year 1737', 
defcribed in the Tranfaaions, waj 
Uircc ycai^ Old 5 and the horn not 
three inches fiieh 5 and hence by com- 
paricg thar'wiSi tht», one may iraa- 

r;ne thii to b* many years old, pcr- 
ips above twenty 5 and that tKs ani- 
mal lives to ii great age. 

It is alfo plaits fh^t the horns are 
perpctoid fts are thofe of oxen. 



4t 



iMicdm^t tf Luca* JOrdano, an eminent 
Pahtftr, ' 

LUCA Jordan© was bom in Na- 
ples in the year 161a, in the 
neighbourhood of Jofeph Ribera, 
caJIed Spagnoletto § a native of Va- 
lencia in Spain, and difcipte of Cara- 
t^io J wbofe works attra^ed Luca fo 
powerfully, that he left his childifli 
imofements for the pleafure he found 
in looking on them. Luca*s father (a 



ing ealTncfs, and wss the firf^ rife to 
the elevation of his thonr:hfs : but 
being rieilroiis of gaining i highcf de- 
gree of perfcilion, Lnca and his fa- 
ther fct out for Florfnce, ancf therte 
copied tiie works of Leo da Vine?, 
Michael An;;?!'), and Andrew del 
Sarto. ThjTi he returned to Romr, 
whence nffer a fliort (l-»y he went 
back to N^',^!"'!, and th-rc married, 
Lnca quivfed his. inafti^'s manner, and 
^y having a hap-^y mfmory he rccol- 
leflcd the manners of all the g.re^t 
m^iflers, which occalioned Bdlori to 
vvrii? <* th:;t he w.is iihe the inge- 
nious bee, that had extrafted hii 
honey from the fi ) vjrs of the works 
of the bert artift?, and had the art 
of imitating them fo well a? to occa- 
fion frequent mill ike<;.*' Some of his 
pi6tures getting into Spain, pleafcd 
Charles II (o tlyit he engaged him to 
come to his court in 1692, ro p-iint 
the Efcurial, (l^is palace). The kin^ 
and queen often went tq fee him work, 
and commanded him to be covered in 
their prefence. In the fpace of tw6 
years he finiihed the ten arched roofi 
and the ftair-cafe of the Efcurial. 
He was fo engaged to his bufinefs^ 
that he did not reft from it on holi- 
days ; for which a painter of his ac- 
quaintance upbraided him : to whom 
he plealkntly anfwered, " If t was 
to let my pencils reft, they would 



io£ painter) finding in his ion grow rebellious j and 1 ihould not bo. 
16 manikft an inclination for painting, able to bring them to order, without 



^bced blm under the dire&ion^ of 
Kihera, with whom he nade fo great 
adrances, that, at fcvcn years old, 
his drawings were furprizing. Hear- 
ing that at Venice and Rome were 
many excellent models for paintings 
he priTitely left Naples and went to 
Rome; and from Rome he and hit 
father went together to Bologria, 
?anm, and Venice. At ercry place 
Ltica made fketches and ftudies frbm 
the works of all the great mailers, 
hot particularly Paul Veroncfe, al- 
ways propofing him for a model to 
hixnfelf. His father who fold his de- 
figos and (ketches at a great price, 
kqyt him dole to his work ; and that 
he might not quit it, prepared his 
<fiffner for hin himfelf, often csilling 
on hfxn LMta fa prffiOf or difpatch : a 
name which he always retained. Lu- 
<^ wa? a great copyift j and the num.. 
berof bilitadlcs gave tita a furprii- 
Jan. 1768. 



trampling on them/' His lively hu- 
mour and fmart repartees amufed the 
whole court. The queen of Spain one 
day enquiring after his family, wanted 
to know what fort of a woman lis 
wife was : Luca painted hsr on the 
fpot, in a pi6ture he was at work on, 
and ihewed her to the queen 5 vzbo 
was the more furprized, as Ihe had 
not perceived whnt he was about ; hvx 
was fo pleafed, that ihn took off her 
pearl necklace, and defired him to 
prefent his wife with it in her name. 
The king being defu ous of a com- 
panion to a pj»5lL're be {hewed. 
him, wijich Was paWjted by Burian, 
Luca painted one for h'm fo exactly 
in his manner, th .t it vvas taken for 
a pi^ure of that miUrr. The king, 
in return, knighted nim, gave him 
fcveral places, iri^clc one of his fons a 
captain of h'nfe, rrd nominated ano- 
ther judcre and prcudcnt of the v^ca* 
F riate 



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4« 



Review of Book I. 



riate of Naples. Doe of the king*t 
coaches attended him every eveninj^ 
to ^rry him out; and further (lili» 
the king married his daughters to 
gentlemen of his court, beftowing on 
them good places for portions. After 
Charles IVs death in i70Q» .King 
Philip retained him in his (crvice to 
go on with thofe great works he had 
begun i and his ftay being fo long in 
6pain» his wife, then at Naples, on a 
idlfe report, believed him dead i to 
undeceive her, he painted himfelf on 
A card, and fent her his pifture by the 
poft. Luca was the innocent caufe of 
the death of Carlo Dolce. This 
painter ufed to finifh his works with 
too much labour, and ^was conftant 
in working to a great age, and not be- 
ing inriched, died with chagrin, on 
Luca's reproaching him with the lofs 
of Co much time. When Luca re- 
turned to Naples, all perfons were 
eager tp haire his works. The jefuits, 
who had befpoke a pi6lure of St« 
Francis Xavier, complained to the vice- 
roy that he would not fini(h • it, 
though it ought to be placed on the 
altar of that faint on his feflival, 
which was juft at hand : Luca» find- 
ing himfelf prefled on all fides, paint-, 
ed this piflure in a day and a half. 

gftentimes he painted a Virgin hold- 
g a Jefusj and, without any reft 
in an hour^s time, would finifli a half 



Jnxu 

length s and» for diTfNitchy not wmit- 
ing for the cleaning hit pencils, would 
lay on the colours with hi» finger* 
Nobody ever painted fo much as Luca, 
not even excepting Tintoret, Tw« 
Neapolitans having fat for their pic* 
tares, never thought of fending for 
them when they were finifhed x Jorda- 
no, having waited a great while with- 
out hearing from tl^m, painted an 
ox*s head on one, and put a Jew^t 
cap on the other, and pU^d a fuit of 
cloaths on hit arms, and expofed th^m 
to view in this manners on the newf 
of which they haftened away with mo^ 
ney in their hands, and begged hiaa 
to efface the ridicule that was annexed 
to their pi6lnres, Luca loved his 
difciples, touched up their works 
with great readinefs, and gave themi 
many of his defigns with pleafure* 
His gencrofity was great t He made 
prefents of altar-pieces to churches 
that were not in a fUte to purchafe 
them. He painted the cupola of Su 
Bridget, for his reputation, gratis i 
and, by a particular d^terity, that 
roof, which is rather flat, feems 
very much elevated, by the Hghtr 
nefs of the clouds which terminate 
the perfpcaivc. Though his humour 
was gay, he always fpoke well pf hi^ 
brother painters j and received the 
hints that were given him on his owA 
works with great docility. 



Jft IMPARTIAL REVIEW eTNEW PUBLICATIONS. 



THE WJfory of a late infamtui ^dventufe 
hetVfUH a great Man and a fair Citixem-^ 
Jn a Stria 9/ Ltitert ffom a Lady near St, 
JuwitCi to htr Friend in the Coantry^it, Biog- 

Every fobjcA which engrodei the ttteation 
of the public, it a delicioot med for the 
hungry font of Gnib<ftreet ; and ihit lady of 
quality if moft probably fome needy pe^ from 
that celebrated qutiter, who if eogiged to 
five .a Ute remarkable traoiadion an air of 
coofequeoce. The imfofition is however 
too glarlog, aod, we dare fay, general coo- 
icmpt wiU be tlie author *f portion where he 
li rti^, ioftead of general approbation. 

Mempirt ofihtSerag/iooftbi Ba/batv oJMtr' 
riland. By « dijcaried Sukana, pr. if. (d, 
fiUdoo. 

Another flroke of bookfelling on the fore* 
going occaAon, and cxecatcd with an equal 
(b»r9 of abilities. / 

Tki Rap< a Poem, humily infer ibtd to tbi Lading 
fi<^ii, Srcarc Th« acUctf y qf iAUriling a 



poem on fuch a fubjed to the ladies can l»« 
only equaled by theezeCut on of it. It it vi« 
fibly dilated by the fame fplrtt whichi 
breathes io the two preceding articles, and «■ 
a fpocimen of our author's abilities, the fol- 
lowing lines are feleded for the coofideratia^ 
of oof readers. 

Coo*d he uomoiM bthold a maid in tears» 
With ffUfi wordfl aJfkuU his callow oait. 
Cation tbi keuvnt, tor ^enitp and bm 

friends^ 
To change hit p^rpofe and defeat hit endi ^ 
Jntreat, impkre^ hig^ fnfflieait^ and fray 
Or mrrtaoes with trembltug tongue convey | 
Wring her fair handf, and tear her lofcty 

hair 
And beat her breaft witbfonew and defpair f 
f Could he fee this, and not eoiiipa€ioo ftow 
Did 00 fott feetingi in bit bofon glow f 
jiman of honour xuonld baonftk mtrtjoy^ 
To recompence fuch virtue than deAruy. 
And for her cbaiHty admir'd ber,iiiore« 
1 haa tha atiralUi»as he admir*4 before. 



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17^. 



AnAff^for Lcri 
tht Trmm, pr. 6d. Fkattey 

A de^'*cable ntcbpcooy, like the other 
iiaaCej pfotoAiont reiative to the oNKhid of 
the jiohJeiBaa allmled to in the title page. 

Mak^nmy Fableti with tbtncw FabU of the 
Bits, Im Mv Camtos: Addreffedtn the Suiety, Bjf 
C06DO9 M/Ua>*itUfiick Proffjhr and F. M. 8. 
Almoo, pr. zi. 6d. 

TKcie fables are written chiefly in « very 
Irre^Ur meafure, and are allb of a political 
tcodeacy — The author is a man of fenfe^ 
hot the wbimfical nature of his veifificationi 
readcnog his nombcrs frequently ezrremely 
vncoath, there is no poffibility of deciding 
vitli ceruintT on his poetical abtlitiet-^For 
the readers iatisfa^on however we have fe- 
k€^ed the following tale, which it as little 
dittointed in the verfe aa any tn the per' 
lorinance. 

A TALE. 

How teany ytars it was ago» 
' To alcertain I don*C engage ; 

- Kbria what reign, I only know^ 

- It happened in dbe golden age. 
Upon the receld thus it ftands. 
Two worthy miniflert combin*d j 

' Tb pity into each others hands, 
To cheat and poaalc all mankind | 
The fiilp people were cajofd ) 
And ^ |hdr tricks went gliUy down } 
At lei^igrtimic of them grew fo bold. 
Re laid kit hands upon the crown | 
And with more bravery than labonr, 

* Handed it to his crafty neighboor $ 

' Wkea yon fay crown you often meaa^ 

- The owner friiether king or qoeen { 
In fbck a cafe you may believe. 

The prieft woo Id pray, the lay man fwear, 
A few woo*d hugh, and fome woa*« grieve. 
And many want to bang this pair ;— 
I have htm no^ by heav*n» fiiyt John 1 
1 fteaU cries Will, a likely thing ! 

• Stolen or llray*dy however gone, 

Jt wae not me that ftole yoor king. 
Thus oPd to poasle and confound them, 
Thia nation's fury fooB waspaflTdi 
The people left them aa theyloond them, 
Forc'd to appeal to heaven at laft \ 
Foftone was feldom known fo croif. 
Few diCippointments are compleater, 
To leic their king wu a great lofs. 
Not to recover him a greater. 
neMricalBmtertaiummtM C9nfjft€9i wtbS§a'eif, 
UtrmUt^ amd Re/tpea^in a Letttr/o the Amtb^t 
ff th* ^sget tb* tigb Road to Bell, fifmiag^ 
lb» mfriar's Arfrummtt t$ h§ falUciontg bit 
Frmeipia mtbafitfitt, tmd^t Autboritni (par' 
atmlarlfjrom tbe Amtimtt) mffmfirmStd mnd 
ftrmtruJ, wtb m CmttHtT'Dtdiifiiioa u tbt A<v« 
ll>. IfUdaa. Baker. 

Thia little ^eco is dedicated to Mrg Oar- 
tick and Mr. Cotman, and has hot one 
principal fault, which is, its being wholly 
«oo9cfiiry.-— The cnthnfiaft . whom the 
»tthot takm the tronble to ahfwcr, hai l»Bg 



KlAKAftONYFABLKS. 

toilb^ttAddrtfih 



43 



been totally forgotten, and was he evea re- 
membered, his arguments could excite nothing 
hot the^oiverfa) ridicule of the public. 

Tbi Contraft, or tb* djiui Pr»jUgatt, a\j tbt 
dying CbriJIian, in two Poetical Ejfayt, by Da- 
niel Turner, Rnbinfon pr. 6d. 

Thefe little pieces feom to be the effufion 
of a good heart, and a found underftinding, 
but the author cannot be reckoned a poet of 
Ibft rate abilitiet.— Mis verfiflc^tion however 
b frequently pretty, though it is not nervous, 
and as to the tendency of his work he has 
fofficiently declared it in his title page. 

Tb* Birtb of tb* Jffiits a Po*m, nv tbm 
Books, by George Marriott, at. 6d, Flexney. 
^ Mr. Maniott, though he is far from dcA 
ptcable as a poet, in this work leems chiefly 
defirous of recommending himfelf as a pro- 
teftant to bis orthodox readen.— The wfaolg 
force of his mufe is bent againfl the church 
of Rome, whofe periiscntions he exdaima 
againft with an honefl indignation, and wt 
fliould not be forprised, if fome zealous advo* 
cate for the papal fee was to give a flaming 
anfwer to his performance. But thongh w« 
think Mr. Marriott is not by any means the 
snoft- indifftrent writer of his time, yet if we 
were inclined to criticife, we could point out 
leveral inflances where he hat been extrtmaly 
negligent in his numbers, and where an ill* 
natuf^ critic would be apt to treat him witk 
feverity, for example 

** I fee the godhead, in his eflence one, 

** For idols chaJig*d, and driveo ftom hit 
throne** 

The flrft of thde lines thoogh clear enough 
in its religious fenfe, borders nevenhelefs up- 
on a blunder ^ its grammatical acceptation 1 
'and as for the lafl, it is-deficient a foot in the 
meafore, unlefs we read cbanged as a word 
of two fyllablM, which inftead of cacreafiog 
Its harmony will materially add to its diflii* 
nancc^The following Hoes are abfolutely 
profe notwithftanding their metrical termi- 
nation. 
- Who think it ferves no great important end 

The proteftant religion to defend, 
and thefe befldcs ronnmg into a pleonasm con- 
tain aa milerable an anti> climax as ever dif« 
graced the alphabet, 

What countriea wafted ! wealthy towns un- 
done! 

Empires betray*d, and lofty towers •*er« 
thrown! 
To fpeak of a wealthy town being undent 
after a whole countrv has been wafted, la 
more cakolated to rai(e the laughter than the 
pity of a fenfiUe reader ) and to mention the 
f aH of a lofty tower u a misfortune after an 
empire has been betrayed, argues an authtr 
to be liule conveiiant with, or little attentive 
to the fundamental principles of ppetry. 

ftbot^bth BJptyt^ *md Maximt, cbiijiy JU» 
SgioMt Mad PoHticsl. By Charlea Howard, Efji 
$J Qreyflock in Comberbnd. 

The author tf the littU woik before us la, 
1 % «• 



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44 



-E T y M.O^ P F* 



JWf 



He h^litfff beir ptl^fappUve to hia. |racf 

the djuke of Norfolk, and ic is with pleafure 
%e lee gentleuiea gf (udi expedaiions nun^- 
fyfnng a parcUIicy fcr fci/cqce, and (hcwiu^ 
chemidvec proud of obtaining a liurary ch»- 
racler from thc'r countrymen, — As to the 
i^fie of Mr. Howard's pieces^ though ic ia 
not fufficicnt to rank h.m wiih the moll 
^mlaenc eirnyiils in our language, it it 
^wevejr fufficient to prevent bim froot bc« 
i.iij i.MimUred wiilj the moll indiffcrenr, at 4 
iiiou^i hii rcatim^nis arc not in many placet 
ne.v/ic i&buc juilice to acknowledge, that 
\^ lyipft thcj arc pretty fcnhbk;. At a Tpcci- 
of his manner we hare fcle^^ the toUoM'JDf 
^oiAxims for the efltcruinment ot our reAderi i 
|iot becaufe we think them hi b^ft'io bi| 
production, buibecaufe their ihortnels render| 
them more pioper for tht nature of our pub- 
(icatloQ. 

., MAXJMt. A good preacher or orator, if 
\ifi has good fenfe and judfment (and wi.hoot 
ibeie cffcntial requiiiteaic is almuft impoffibic 
|o be one) will a4>pt bU ferraon and dilGourff 
to the undcr^andiiig9 and Gtuation of bii au- 
iiiiencc ; otherwiie he yvill do very Utile iisrvice 
aod convey little (aii^fadlion, but on thf 
contrary only ezpofe his own vinity* 
. A Ihao by converfatioo wiil rarely convince 
another up^n any point, of which be is not 
jcpnvlnced bifnfplf : From the heart not the 
tongue proceeds convi^ion. 

U it bctur to read the good fenfe of a ju* 
^icipus author, than to preach one's o^vn non- 

fenfe though never fo well intended; but 
(there are men who do tht latter, when -va- 
jftky and ignorance are united, which i^ 
£|fuu the caftb 

Criiiml Pij/€rt0tia$$ en jkf Or/gin, Ann- 

qu.incif Languagf, Qovtrinmtf** Manntrt, 
j^nd Htltgior, »/* tfu OMttfnt C^lcdooian^ 
\akiii: J*£jicruy the Pi^ .ami the Britif^ 
.^4 iriih Scots. By John Macpherfon. D, Vi^ 
. Mi^ifier #/ Slaic in fie Ifte of Sky, Bcckct 

Th:8 is a work of great merit, and wil^ 
{^e dare fay, ha«o ap- iiom^diete admittance 

to the liburifs of tlite^urious— — ^In the "be- 
.giftiHAg of it tiie auti^or e^deavoufs lorcfut^ 
Jl'popuiar ertor, wjiicb has been fu long f/la- 

bh/hed, rdanve to the Scors being defcended 
ir^n»xhe Irilba and v^itbiok bis endeavpur 

is nor ahog^ ther unfuccefiful ; but as fome 
J^ecintto of his abilities, Olay. be 'nccefiaiyi we 

here give an cx:ra^ from what he fays upon 
!4hi?s^fubj«A for (bf tfaicruiniBent of ^Vt 
jeadtrt. 

<f Antiquaries are much divided about the 

etymology-wof Caledania« Buchanan, thougb 
A native of the HigbUodi^ and of courfe con- 

lerfant with the. Galtf languege, is not bappy 

in his conjcf\itfc» oa tbat fubjc^. Ca^dm 

iccording ty him> 6gni/ic^ a ha«f I uce, froip 
.tbence ptoceeds rtie ^mov^CalcdpoUa fore(^» 
,9^ the name of Cal^^nia^ lt.it amazing 

\f obfcrve, how a mafi of iu« kAim9§ aad 



peatabiliilM co«ld.(ife ioWuch af«ciil« 
conceit. But had Bach^an considered pr»r 
periy. his native tongue, be w^uld have f9iio4 
that caultin and not caldea fignifiei a baa^ 
tree ; and that there is 00 lucb a word af 
i^im to be tnet with in the Cflic Ungoago 

Dr. Lloyd, bifbop of Sc. Afapb, derive* 
Caledonia from Mydien a Drlri/h word ijgmii 
ty'ng horJertn, The CakdenUns, fays tbaC 
learned prelate, >ordercd ^.h the lloro^a pro- 
vince of Brii^tJ, a 4 il*..<.fore were witiv 
great propriety c^I.d i;. -i m, T^je bi(hofa 
did nor con^der that tlie Icundaties of the 
province were o:ien changed l' ' e fu^oiq 
the wall coDiUu£^ed by Adrian n^aike^l oat 
the limits of the R.man empire iu Britain^ 
tbfn the Bii^antei, Otudini, and Maeajx, 
had a m iCh better title to the name of icr* 
derirs than the Caledonians. U the W44 
buift by Aoto^iinuf t'lus is to t>e looked upuf 
as the bouadary ot the province, then it na- 
turally ihoald follow, that the Caledonsant 
did oot require the name of iljdUm or ^orw 
dirersf till, after the conftrudton of that wall* 
But the palFage mentioned from Lucao proTety 
that the name of Cale^loniaot made lome 
noife in the world as early at tb^ reign of 
Nero. Thus the bifbop *t ety^noo of Caledo- 
nia falls ^o the ground. 

Camden, one of the bcil Antiqoatie^ that 
the world eTer produf ed, has cn^e^voure<t to 
give t|ie etyopon of Caledopia. Kaied,r ob-> 
ferves that learned writer, is a. Britifli wi^dp 
which l^oifias ^d^ /n cb^ pluial mini|>er 
it makes ]^U<fun, aiid l^ence pr^facds C^Ie- 
donii^.tlut ifU a peoplf ,6<iiyjE9 r^ay^, mjttvoi^ 
ItKid, as noithern nationa gaoaraUy are t a 
people fierce in their ^q|p^r fro^ tbe «x* 
treme col^neili of their cbm^te , a Pffple 
<Md, ff>r ward, and intfepid. frooi thft fbna* 
dance jU t^^eir blood, ,, ^ ■. , 

Tbe fcverity of tbif *o|re^fitioj| on tht fU* 
tional cbara^er of tb« CaMo«iaiM docf fipt 
at all favour the etymon prpduc^d by Camden* 
If the nfmc of KaMhn was fir(l fcamed hf 
th<^ Pritontpf tbf Soutli, itinay be jgftly 
queHloned whether they jt^enpfeivfs before 
U»c rfign of Nero Wfae If ff ifxt^, rough, and 
unci'viijTifd, tban tbeir • aeighbouit qf the 
north, ^or* of co>irfc^ leis intitlcd to |bat 
name^ But, at every thii^g that falls from fe 
juftly celebrated a ^m^t mf^ # gf«at itn- 
preflion j I confers tbia e^yi^oft bad Aicb weight 
w^tl^me, tb^t li^ug 9^PAduti tbe w^rd 
Aa/e^ ^6 tbe ri>ot t^f C^Ud^i, thia Ird me fuf- 
JLhcr into ,th< ^bje^; aod I fubrnit to the 
wor^d^ with gre4t dcietenc^e to the gfea^ 
jQcrit of Camden, tbe addi^iboal ob(etr%- 
,tio|is I bave made^ * 

. K^kd h h^, ibc ^tienl Bnti/h ^d Oalie 
languages figoifies bard,^ i».bo(b tbeAil«i|> 
^uagea i« eir ym fifol^M « coiiiitf|(. Prooa 
ribe otonolyliible /> co«iet xhm dinvnitfive 
jnnis, v>rbicli in tbf W^leb fmd< Xj^if it ad 
tkt fim« impou wall the £D|liili wovd tJUmL 



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17**. 



7^ 4pfdlatm Calcdcniaois* 



^ jMsBg KM2§d aB4 n together we litre 

0tiidi€g er rwgh anj wuMBt^tnetu country I 
vbkh M cn^Ty the fignification of Alha * 
&s only Duoe by whlck the highUnderi dir*^ 
|:f»^iAi ScottAnd to this dtj. — This tlymon 
ti Cakdoai» it at leaft phutiblc ; but I niuft 
ccafcfs that the deriTation given by Mr. 
fSacpherfoa, the tranilator of the poemi of 
P^Ao, ji more £mple and natural. 

The h'if}AiSi6cit, af ht jnflly •brerves, 
ciH them elvca Cam^ That dlvHion of 
ftcvhrd which they poflefs thry taniferfally 
Ciil Cic iock, that is to fay, the country 
cLiLt CiS or C:]tes. The Romani by 4 
tr ^tioo ^f the lettef / in C^ei, and 
cf- :{ the^arfliciof ^^ into an harmo- 
h "L . :^rriast;cn, formed the na^me of Ca- 
fe; - .. Froo^^M f Cymon ari&i an obfer- 
Va-i ^ of «hiSi|Lil»n make ufe in the 
fKur\ of theie m|&donf. 

T>.: 9^ the >bvmH| of the Romans we 
fi&d n rway Other tri^T b«fidc« the C.<Udo« 
irxni .i»d Maeatae in the north of Britain } 
fb<w-- probaMy they were no more than 
f^ b^-:>. tout of th ofe tvn ijluftrious nations. 
Zrtrr one cf tbo(ie tribes were gorerned by 
ai 4>eodaLnt chief or petty king. In Cz- 
far s <~.me, there were no M than four fucb 
cblefuins in Kent, and each of them Teded 
With regal avtkortty. ThepoHtical goTcrn* 
fBCJit of Caiedeoia was, in Domitian'a re*tgD» 
SR^ch t^c £une wiih that of Kent dunsgCee- 
CiT t proconfaiSiip. 

Wlicn ihe tfibfit of KorUi Britain wern 
•narked by the Eosnanf they entered into 
«&>ciacioflS 6aat by uniting their ftrtngth, 
tbey might be (he more able to repei the 
tammoD enemy, the paiticular name ot that 
trbc« which, either its fopcrior power, or 
aiiiitary repotation placed ai the head of the 
tiSbciu>>Qt '^'** ^e general name given by 
ihc Romans to all the confederates. 

Heacc It is that the Mxatz und Csledo- 
; have lAgroi&d all the glory which be- 
1 ifk common, though in an inferior de- 
mce, to all the other nations fettled of old 
In Korth Britain j it was for the fame reafon 
tSat thenanoc of Msat2 was entirely forgot- 
ten by foreign writers after the third cento: y, 
^d, that of the Caledonians thenfelves 
il bot fe)«on mentioned after the fourth. 

Tho Mm»tM, we have already obferved, 
ercrc oaeof thofe tribes who were fettled to 
the feoth of the Clyde an4 the Forth, 
f tokffly placcp the Cadeni, Salgotx, Novan- 
It h and Dammiy sa the iame divifion of the 



H 



the coQAtcy^ To th« aorth of the EirtfatUtt 
fame writer afligni the refp^ivf placet pq 
Caledonii, Epidii, Carint, Canrc, Lofm, nol 
feverai other fmall rnbes. Without ioiiftin^ 
vpon the probability that Ptolemy, an Egyp « 
tiao, was not fo minutely acquainted witl| 
the internal ftate of Bricain as he prf teodig 
at a time when the i«orth of Europe, was iii 
litde known to men of Irtteis, we (ball takf 
it for granted that all ihofe nations he nen^ 
fjoni were cf the fan)e'original ; andtoavoi4 
coQi^fion^ 1 fhall, for the tutors ipomprehcai 
them all under the general name Caledoiiiaas. 

Taclttis divides ilie iohabiunts ot Britain 
into three cUOcs i the Caledonians, Siluret 
ind thofe who inhabited the coai iKft C^ 
Gaul I he endeavoort to trace tbpfe three na-p 
tiont to others 00 the continent, frnm whom ha 
'i^ppofed they had derived their ongin. Thf 
Caledonians,' he concJodes, frma the fine ? 
their bodies, and tb(; colour of their hair, 
were of a Cermaoic extra£iion« Though If 
muft be confefTed that the condofion ia (if 
from being decifive from thofe two circum- 
fiAnceag yet there are many collateral argo* 
ments to corroborate the opinion ol'that htl^ 
torian. Thef<^ in tomt future diifertattoo I 
tnay throw together, and leave the whole t# 
^he jndgment ai the poblic. 

^^ This the author hu done in a DiSet'm 
tarion, intitled, A Parallel between the Ca- 
ledonians and ancient Germans, which if 
printed in this work. 

^« £Jaj upon Pfints, fatmniwr Umtrtf 
^pon the Frinciplet of fiavrefqut Siamtp, thf 
diWerent ktndt of Prints^ mnd tb€ Cbt»M^tn 
0^ the mofi Mited Mafiwi\ iUt^rattdhf Critic 
eifmt on parfico/ar Pieces i tp wkicb art sdded^ 
f^me Cautiong that puy ie mfi/iU in c§Ueffit^ 
Prinftf Rol^fon. 

This is an ingeniooi perfbrmaoec^ aft' well 
worth the perufal of every pcrfoa whp ia 
fond of pri'ntf, — in the variety of tht anthor*« 
bbfervaiioos we are almoft at a lofa irot^ 
vrh^t part to make an txtn£t, but as the fol- 
lowing remarks on the diflfercnt kinds o^ 
prints feem tathor more likely to affift a pur» 
chafer of fiich perfornriancea than any other, 
-we /hall, oa that account, frleft them fof 
the information of the public. 

'* There are three kindf of pvfntaj «%- 
graviwgt^ etckingt, and Metiotiatpe. Th« 
eharaderiilic of the firft is ftrewgfhf Qf the icr 
cond frfedam, and of the third fafttufs, aU 
thefe however may in iome 4egr«e he fonn^ 
in each,. 



* That thii h the prcp9r SgrnfitsOim </ Alba fiaJI hrfirwn in tbtf^quel ^ tMk dijeriatiot^^ 
^ the etjmn givtn bert ef cAdoni4 Jlwild appear a j^ft om^ IJhall wiaU aa di^iuUy im fmppo* 



jMg that the Ca/^ouia af Greece is deritud from the fame Cthicjourcej jSulia, tfwiuh tb§ Gro^ 
pjm Cahdama VM a part, v>ai a very mountainous country: Throe moyntfSMi^ iti partitmlat 
tOfTf, Japbiofm^ ChaJcit, sud Carafe, werr acoogdiag fo Stuaho immenfely htgh, tbafneo of tht' 
f»«//7 vfae very rugged^ awd the inhahj fonts hardy % Homer gives the €har4Str^ifsf^ 
nckf ti Ga^d^i sbi (fjftssf fif si^ nftJWjt^o^^ Xlia(| fit ve(« 649* 



nfr^^^ f/ 



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46 



Essav rpoN Prtkt?. 



' Jait. 



It h a rare thlni toTnect with a print «- 
9hefy engraved which it free from fliffoefs j ^ 
celebrated mailer of oar own, indeed, hath 
liottnd the art of giving freedom to the ftroke 
ef a graver f and hath difplayed great forte of 
execution upon works by no tneaai worthy of 
kirn : ai if be were determined to Ihew the 
^iorld he could ftamp a value upon any thing. 
But foch artlftf a|^ rarely found. Men tn- 
fjra^rt ih general are Jiule belter than mere 

la etcbingi we have a greater variety of ex- 
ctlfent prints, the cafe is, it ii fo much the 
lame u drawing, that we have the very worki 
tbemfelvei of the moft celebrated mafteri, 
miiy 6f whom have left behind them prima 
In thit way which however flight aad incor* 
jm6t, wilt always have fomething m0fter/ji 
«od» of courfei heautiful in them. 

- Inr the mofeling of hikman figures of any 
COnfiderable fite, enj^raving hath undoubted- 
ly the advantage of etching \ the foft and de* 
licatb tfkdfttions fronn light to fhade which 
kre there required, cannot be fo well fcxpref* 
Ibd by the needle; and in general large 
frints req^ire a ftrengtb which etching cannot 
give, and are therefore fit objedh of rs- 
paving, * " 

Etching, on the Other han^, h mote pir- 
tkularly adapted to flcetehes and flight de- 
^Mt which. If executed by an engraver, 
wouH etitirelylbfe their freedom, and with 
it their beauty. Land/kijp too is the objedl of 
etching. T*hc fbltage of trees, rvini, Iky, 
^d indeed every part of landlkip requires the 
^mbft freedom $ 1n finiihing an etched land-' 
-ikfp with the 160^ (al it is called) too much 
ore cannot be taken to prevent heavineft.' 
The fore giotindf may require a few f^rong 
touches, and the boles of fuch trees ki are 
'^placed tf|>oh them, and liere and there a few 
hartitol^iaing (frokes wiU add to the efre£l„ 
'but if the eil graver ventures tnuch farther^ 
lie hat good luck if he dises no mifchicf. 

An eitffraved pfate, onlefs it be cut very 
ftghtiy, wlH eaft off five hundred good ira- 
ptefliont; %i\\etchfd ont will not give above 
twe htmdred, unlefs it be eaten very deep { 
and tbMrit may perhaps give thV<^ hundred, 
after th%t thf p^ate muft be retouched, or the 
impMRdli'wfn be faint. 

Bcfidei the common method of engraving 
iw ioffer, we have prints engraved orf pewter 
«nd on wood ;* rhe pewter platt givei a coarfe- 
iseft and dfj^tinefs to the print which is difa* 
freeable, but engraving npon wood it capable 
•f great, beauty. .Of thii fpeciei of engraving 
*ore ftall be fiiid; 

' MetTMinto ia ^very different fVom either 
Mifgrawiig ^ etebing. In tbefe you make the 
/Mo in Metsotinto the iigbtt. 

Since the time of ita invention by prince 
Roperr» ft ia commonly fuppofed, thct art 
of iicrapiog Mettotintot if- grctily^'fiiore 



improved than either of it! filler artij fomc ot 
the earlieft etctingt are peihapa the ht&l 
and engraving, fin«e the time of Goltriua and 
Muller, hath not peihaps made any vcr/ 
great advan^ea, but Metsotinto, compwed 
with its original Aate, is at this day almoft 
a new art, if we examine (bme of the P^or 
dern piecea of workmanfhip in this way, the^ 
Jcwi/h Rabbi } the portrait of Mrs. Lifcelle* 
with arCiiild on her knee : Mr. Garrick be* 
tween tragedy and comedy s and fever al other 
prints, by fome of our befl Metzotiato fcrepcra* 
they almoft as much exceed the worka of 
White and Smith, as thofe mafiers did Bec 
ket and Si mens. 

The chagaQeriAk of Metaotinto 'vfoftiufy 
which adapts it chiefly to portrait or hiflory» 
with a few fignret, and thefc not too fnull g 
BOthfng except paint ean cxpre(s flefh more 
naturally, or the flow log of hiir, or the iolda 
of drapery, or the catching lights of armoiifw 
In engraving and etching we muft get over 
the prejudices of f rofs lines which exiti in no 
natural bodies, but Metsotinto givea us the 
flrongeft reprefeotation of a firface. If how<« 
ever the figures are too crowded it want* 
ilrength to detach the feveral partx with a pros- 
per relief, and, if they are very fmall, ic 
Wants precifioh, which can only be given hf 
an outline; or, as in painting, by a eifferenc 
tSnt. The univenhefa of the ground wiU 
oecafion bad drawing, aukwardnefs in the ex* 
trcmities eipecially* Soade inferior aitifts 
Save endeavoured to remedy this by termi- 
nating their figures with an engraved ot etched 
line s but they heve tried the experimenc 
with bad Ayccefs. The flrength of the lioe» 
and the foftnefs of the ground, accord ilt 
togethrr. I fpe«k not here of I'uCh a judlciou* 
mixture of etcbini and Metaotinto is White 
fof merly ufed, and fuch as our beft Melxc« 
tinto fcrapers at prefent ufO} to give a ftrength 
lb a particufar pact j I fpeak only of a harfli^ 
and mjudicioui lineal termination. 

Metaotinto excels each of the other fpecien 
of prints in its capacity of receiving the mofi 
beautiful etTedts of fight and (hadet as it 
can the moft happily unite them by blending 
them together. — Of this Rembraidt feems to 
have been awire^ he had probably feen fome of 
the firft Metrotmtos ; and admiring the e^- 
fcA, endeavoured to prodoce'it in etching kf 
a variety of interfe£ling fcratches. 

You cannot veelt caft bflfmore than an hoo^ 
dred good impreflioos from a Metxotinro plate^ 
the rtlbbing of the hand foon wears it fmooth* 
and yet by conft^ntly repairing if, it may. be 
made to give four or five hundred with tol^ 
rable ftrength* The firft impreffions are not al* 
ways the beft, they are too bl^ck and harfh. 
You willcoiTimcnly have the beft iraprefliont 
ftom the fiftieth to the fev6ntieth : the harOi 
edges win be (bftned down ; ahd yet thcr« ' 
Will be fpiritiadilxcnich enough kit. 

dIfiS 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



1768. 



Warner on the. Gout, 



n 



AfaBsU finM ditmmt mf tht Govti 
Trtm wkt m t wiJ? k cUsrlyfifn tbt FtUy^ of 
g</w^ •/* «tf Frttndtrt to cure it. Sec. £j 
Vti4mikio Wmracr» L L. D. 

As aa aftnfe for ovr rcTcreo^ a«thor*t in- 
firtagiaf «pap Oie proinACc of the fcatlemcii^ 
ti ibc facnky, <' It u cartAio, fays he, thst 
WUet mncfa ei^erieBce m mjfclf and ocber% 
fkjUstM cannot illnw To moch time ia the 
flM^o^ my ovc difordcr, tt I have given 
i^Hi the Coos } acitbei can anf f liyfician 
i4e M not a gooey man, be fo well acqoaint- 
•i with the tittle drcodiftanrea in the pro- 
' ficib of c^ia difteitipery Vhkh are neceflary to 
ke Jumn, aa an attentive arthritic who is 
aar a pliy^ciia ; fot almoft every fft'produccf 
aMaeCttiBg new for Bia Oviei vaiiun* 

Aim fe«c pfayiiological remirkt, our re- 
foreod wmer irro cecJt to give a htftory of the 
main foor, 10 which be hat endeavoured 
10 coiled every thing of inportaacc that haa 
hccD Mirasctd by iome of the heft anthora 
l^an that dtierder» aad at the £uDe time that 
he prooooacea the core of it to be impoffible, 
ha peafeflea to produce (bmc new methods of 
aiordiog the gooty patient relief: *< When 
ihc fit b arrived U ii't height« (aya hc« if the 
Min ftovld be greater than the patient can 
hear ammeSomfyf aad his nights are fleepleis, 
ihen. notwitbifandtng the prejudice* of moft 
phyficians againft opiates in the Ooat, he 
■ay relieve hiadiBlf by the foUowiag ■ao-'. 

Take af opiam fii dnchrat-^Soap of tartar 

and cafile feap of each half an ounct— 

NaCBcf powdered one drachm^ Cam- 

phipe three drachms — Saffron two 

licf«plea— Sweet fptrit of fal ammoniac 

atae oaacea.-^Digeft all the iogre^entr 

ia a norvBCe fiaic in a (and heat lor 

tHidays, ihaking it ao« and then till 

the kk day Of two, and then poar it olF 

deary aad Hop it op for nfe/* 

He direAt thirty or forty drops of this me- 

dkiac to be taken* upon an empty fiomach 

aa hoar before it ia wanted to operate, in a 

gMs otrnisn or plague oratcr, and if, an hoar 

ar two after taking it, the pain is not greatly 

dboted, he erdeis tweoty drops more.— The 

awaber of dreos arc to be pK^ortioned to the, 

violence of the pain, and repeated every 

a^ht» if the pain requires it; abating two or 

three drops « a time as the pain abates, till 

tha dole is redoced to tea or e doaen, when 

the patient may deiiil at once from taking 



He then praceeds to (hew how very ill* 
fiMaded the prejodices agatnft exhibiting opi- 
am in thb diforder have been, and aft;r giv* 
iagibcnt dircAioos and recipes for the tieat* 
iKat of an the cafes of irregular gout, which 
ftc chkfly borrows from Murgi ave^ coodades 
Mtpcadie. 

Tho' Dt, Waracr profefles to take nytlce 
if ^ €taj thing auural la the i^ wtiten 



pn th)a fu^je^** he apptan never to have raaA 

Van Swieten, viho is confcfledly the hc(t at&t 
thor on.th^ Gout extant, and though he pro- 
mi es to^ve fonae fuw infi ructions for its re* 
lief, we can difcover very little io this work bug 
^whacit taken from Sydenham^Q^incey^Jame^i 
and Mu(grave. HU notion in the piiyfioiogicajl 
pari of this trcaiife of the powen of tb^ fio^ 
jnach in digedion^ and of Le»cnhocl4^'idiico« 
veries have been long fince cxpioded, but tbefa 
esiars every man is Itablo. to* /all into wika 
f^ps out of his own profeOion to write oa 
phyiical fu^e^f, and any ctnfure on thia 
occafion, will, we apprehend, givevet^y Itttic 
trouble to our author, as he fays, he has ha* 
carded his chirader tod much as a writer 
upoa great workf of other kinds, to be ia 
any degree folicitoos about the reception of 
this account of the gout. 
- The G<Mt — mtr^Brdintfy Cafn h the Head, 
St$mscb, mnd Extnmmth ^Oitb pbfJicMl mnd 
cbirurgifol Remarh smd Oi>^rvMiwn%\^c% 
&c. By Richard Ingram, hUn^MUmtft^ Ui% 
^arrepa r« tkt Ti^f Rigmtnt •/ DrtgotMu 

'Thia writer it of opinioa, that what ia 
commonly called the Gout, is only the ^A 
of a caa/r, and a kind codeavonr in natura 
to aflfemble together and fling off the obnoxi- 
ous partickt. He a^fertf, that he it podcOed 
of a preparation that immedistely trikes at 
the origiA of this diibrder, though he ac- 
luow ledges that it muil be varied in. quantity 
and form, affording to the age, conftitutioa» 
and habit of the patient. At the end of tha 
Eflay, he has publdhed cafes of n n« perfons^ 
who were fuccefsfuUy treated in this diica(e« 
His plan to prevent the erils which arifii 
from the indilcriminate grant of medicinal 
patents is worthy of attention, and his o^ 
iervations on the pernicious cuftom of c^dist 
drio^g, which deftroys fuch numbers of 
the moft amiable part of the creation, deferva 
the mod feriouaconfideration.— lnihort, not* 
wtthfUnding oar ingaiious author kjecpt i^i 
medicine a fecret, we cannot but recomqicnd 
his performance to the prru£J of every ona 
afflicted with this complaint, which has hi« 
thertobid defiance to the otmoft eflTorts of tha 
oiedical art. 

Tbt Entangtementt ar, 7bs Htftory •/ Mif$ 
Eleonora Frampioa and Mifs Anil^atia Shiu-^ 
toe, a y»l. Noble. 

This hiftory is indeed «n eDtanglemeat* 
and, was it even anravelled, would give but 
very little fstisfaaion to a fenfiblc leader, it 
being written in the true tafte of the ciicuia- 
ting library. 

Cltmeutira, «r, 7bt Hiftory 0/ am lull^a 
Ladyt vtba madt btr Efcaftfrom a Monaftiry 
fcr tbeLffve of a Scots ^^Umaft, Nv>bl«, 

In an advertisement ptehxed to this little 
volutne we learn, that it was written by Mri« 
Haywood in the ye^r 17^1, and publiflied ua- 
der the title of the Agreeable Caledonian, 
fo that it is now only vamped vp with littla 
aiore that a di^erent title-page, and capnoc 
coniff^uentiy 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



It 



POETICAI. EsSAVi 



jtCdlltOitm of tti m«fl tfemed Pteees tf 
fntrj ibtt bM9fi ^iffktr^ for fivirdl Turt, 
4vhb rathty 9f Origin^. By M^m Mender, 
Mffl nd oihtr Omtrihtttors t6 Dodfley** Cp/- 
A»M, §9 mAiib thi% it fKiendtd at M Smfpk^ 

Tbt cooipkd pifft •f diift iTttUleitioo te 



^« Jawuarv, 1768. 

the bef^, and m (dftse detrtfe aaAlcn Hit ifflcr- 
Yion ki the thle pig«. 

Cb»Mttht dr the Royal Prtschttf w ^Mriii^ 
iB^ ^ff^/f infcfihtd to the Kitit* Johnftod, 
L«d|:afe-fhre^. 

This it a poetka) ▼erfioa o# SdlomonS 
lEcdefiaft^y and will, m all prebaMHty, prcrr* 
«n Agreeable eatettainmest to maisy riligiod^ 
readera. 



POETICAL ESSAYS. 



OX>%firiht H«w Y»A*, Jan. I, I7«. 
My WlftUm Wbhefaead, iff\ Pitt Lsnreax* 

LET Che Toice of mofick brecthe, 
) Hail with (boithc new^bora Ye» !— 
Tho* tke firsts eaith beneath 

Feela »oC yet hia iaflneitcc AtAt, 
. Alfeady from hU fouthern goal 

The genial Oed who nika the 6xff 
Um bid hifi glowing axle roll, 
. And promis'd the return of Ma^. 
Yon mfiian bk(U> whole piniona fwctp 
impctoooa o*cr ear nmthem deep. 

Shall ceate their founda of war t 
Andy gradual aa hb power pi«vailfk 
Shall mingk with the fofter gtkar 

That Tpoat aroottd hia car. 
IP^ete ftoiild be propbeta toO.-« « 

Plenty in hia train attends ; 
Truitt and £owcri of ▼arioui hor 

Btooa wbereV her Aiep (he beadi* 
V&wtk the green hBra floping^fiile^ 

Winding to the Tale below, 

^e, ihe poofi her golden tide! 

' Whifff, upon ha airy brow; 

Amidft hia flocki* whom Nature leadf 
' To Abwery fe^ftt on moootaibi heads, 

Th*exultifig Atpfierd liet : 
And t» th' horizon*a utnoft bound 

Holla bit c^e with tran/port roond« 

Theft lift! it to the (kiet. 

Let the Toice oT mufidc breathe I 
Twine, ye fwaint, the feftal wreath ! 
Baisia ikall no OBore complain 
Qf niggard harfeAa, and a tailing year % 
No more the mifer hoard hia grain* 

Regarfileiii 0/ the ptafapt'a tear, . 
Wbofe hand laborious tUl'd the earth* 
And gave tho(e very treafures birth. 

Ko moro ftall George, whofe parent bteaft^ 

Feeli every pang his fubjedti know. 
Behold a faithful land dIA reft, 

Or hear one Cgh of real woe. 
But gratefu) mirth, whofe decent beoodt 
No riot fwcll>» no fiear confounds, 
Afltf h«af c>fc!t eafe, whofe glt.w withm 
ExaiH Conteiirment*s modefV mien. 
In every fice (ball rnuleconfeA, 
And, \t\ his ptopls's joy, the monarch too be 
Weft. 



^ Occasional Pj^oLoone, wfitte^foe 
ihe Play and BMttrtaimHent of Tm% Wa V 
TO Kasp Him aad The CvAftntAiv f 
cffod by the Cowudiaut at Scarborooghy No^ 

Aiarqaia ^Granby* 

V f rHILt Greece and Rome bha*d forth i4 
W early day». 

With genoine luftrc and whh unbought praife^ 
No hireling poets were retain*d to ling, 
And waft their herises on the mufes wfng ; 
*Twas worth intrinfic fir'd th' enraptur'd bard) 
And warm applaofea were his juft reward* 
' We too, a hero could point out to you j 
Aa Scipio yalianr, and as Cato true : 
Trurto bis country*s liberties and laws ; 
Keady to bleed ra her all-righteons caufe. 

Butftop, fond mufe, ore'eryou*re 6uC oF 
wincC 
Ker dare to hail the fa?*rite ofmtJikind c 
l.e«ve fuch a fubje£^ to the god of VBrfe f 
Phabos btmfelf his adiona duiU rehoaHe* 
Quit thou the buikin and the fock feAupe, 
And wing thy bardl'ing with a comic plume. 

Deaund we now whet beought ^eie beao- 
ties hither. 
In fpight of darknelt and of ftormy weather!' 
Methinkalhear the exulting fair rsiply, 
« When Granby afks, wh^t mortal can dcnyT* 

Xadles, we offer to your candid view, 
A comedy and farce— nor old—- nor new, 
*^ But why exhibit two fuch homely pieces f 
Was it to Tex, to mortify, or teaae us ?** 

Stop Charming foully and hear me whilA 'Jt 
plead, 
iTnAorc'd, uoalkM, unprejudiced, unfeed. 
What if The Way to Keep Him ihopld uofbl^ 
Some other him, that*s better gue(s*d'tha^' 

told?^ 
And what if our good Guardian (hoald fi*ggeA 
A God-like heart within a human breaft ? 
Whjt if encouraged by our virtuous wife,^. 
Who weans her huiband froov a rikifh lift, ^ 
The generous dame her own good man (km 

bufs, ; . 

And charm his forrows with a chaRe earefs ! 
What 1/ yott n^ropbs, fmit by the juA grada^ 

tion, 
Conceive your darlings-r-in imagination | 
Then m^ghtour weak endeavoura to a^ufeyotik^ 
At offe ioftru£l and plcifei and di£iliaie you. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



M76B. i^ 

Vrt riied FLOXA*t painted Bower. 
Sd bj Mr. C. Clagst. Song by Mifier Brett^ 






r«c fltfci Flon*t fasnterf bower, to ferar thif wieath of 



^^^^^^^^^M 






fcratl flowerti A-midft ihc chapkt htTC I wove tb# 



3^p-J-^4^-f^^^^:SE l 




SiS 



I of Jovi, Hcic M ill* * 



birds of Ve - mut ao4 or Jovt* Here ai tb* immortal 




^^^S^ 



^ 



law - rel growi. There as blooms the fragrant ro e j Be with ihliverfe th 

h 



4»- TV ^ .-> * 




^ 



7 " ^ f - 



^^^^^i 



gar - lind bound, Thit ar - dcat love hath beau - ty crown'd. That 



E^^egfe 




rra. 



^Eg ^^^ = ^^ 



ar- 4cat Une haeh betuty crowa*d« 



t t ifefcfaa±a -u^ ^^ 



Jafl. l^fil* 



O D 1 



Digitized byCjOOQlC 



Poetical IPssayi in January, 176*8. 



K' 



Ode f thi S OV T H WINDs 

"INO Aufter ! with ii(k\^w% brecsti 
_ ^ FroiB Afric*! w^impfr resioni c^e I 
And bccL to ZewbltH icy leai 
O I drife tbjr tuffian brocb«r home.— 
pone! and nixl^ galea beoign and bUnd 
Leo/c Uwn bi« firollf o«r fetter *d land i 
Aftin Q ) let the Naiadi lead 
Their waUrs throogh the thtrfty mead ; 

Agaia w^ 4fmM yepw «t* J*»"'M 

grounoji [oreatbing hound. 

^0 chaim with odoori Arpng the rajpture- 

Tho* FcoB*t ron< in angry ftrtia 

Thy flaoiflnre-dropping wing» accofe^ 
And lay Hygeia*| £i>ei remain 

la ambuA *iii!dft thy balmy devn | 
Say; (hall not Brirain*4 bardv youth 
Denyfueh dreamt the feal of truth .^ 
Who, when they watoe the mii^y morix 
With cairoU biythe of hound and horn^ 
Find manlier Arength their aAi?e finewa 
fteel, ■ ^ ' ' [Belgians feel. 

Ipian ^midft furrounding froftt the Ikaitiag 

p) then attend thy Toffliaot'af rayV! 
Awhile unbend the ftbbbcrn ibil> 

; Shed ^y moift influence through the atr^ 

And wake again the hunter *i toil : 
So from each hlll^ and ev*ry gruTt, 
Wheree'er Diana*i Tot^riei rove. 
While tfi around the jocund cry 
With mimic thunder lendi the iky^ 
l£ach fporUTe youth, with eager iranrport 
pale Uale* 

|n many i chearful note ihall Mcfa thy friendly 
.' ' RnsTxeui. 

^ROLOGyE<«FA^S£ PELlCA9r. 
S^u iy Mr, King. 

I*M vex'd— quite vexM— and you'll he tex'd 
— that'i worfe; [cnrl'c? 

To deal mitikJimUmt StrikU^ t— thffe> lh« 
Write moral pUya,— the blockhead !-^whjf 

|;ood people,' 
You'll foon exped thit honfe fo h^vc ^ ftfctlel 
For oar ^ne piece, to let yoo into fafh^ * * 
"is ^oi{^ a)Srr|fwff.'Oofy pre4ch*d in #Af. 
Yoo*11 fcarce believe tile till thie proof appcarf, 
9at even 1, Tom FooU muft Acd fonne teirs. 
Bo ladiet, look upon aie|— Nay no finip- 
Ving.— > ' [wktmpVingl 

Think you thii fact* wai eter mide for 
Can I, t fambrick hamflterchief dtfplay, 
Thump my unfeeling breaft,' and roar away I 
Why tb'n U ^•mkaU SUh«P< ^e*ll ^aj' _ 

Kefolving thit ftrange, awkard, bard, to pomp, 
i a(k*d him what he meant ?— He^lbmeiNiat 

plump, ' - 

New pers'd hia bcUy, and k^ lipt that biting-^ 
Imi^ kt t f mp $ki digni^ •fwritiag I 
You may, but if yon do nr, 1 muti tell yc» 
You*ll not keeo up that dignity of belly j 
Still he preach*d oo.~" Bardipf a former a|e. 
Held up abandon*d piAufei on the Aage» 
^jprcad out their wit, with fafcinating art, 
^n4'cttch*d the fuicy^ cocomiK the heart |^ 



JWr' 



ror 



But happy change!— >tn thefe more moral dayin 
l^;ott c^^qoot fpofr viih /tftue, e*eo in pU}a« 
On vircne'i fide, hii pen the poet drawt. 
And boldly aiki a hearine far hia caufe.** 
Thui did he .[praoce an4 6reUr— The afui| 

may prate, 
And feed thefe whimfiet in hit addle pate. 
That you'll prouA kiimufe, be^aufe OxtS^ 

good, , 

A virgin, and fo ehafte !— O Lod, O Lud !-^ 
No mufe the critic beadlea* laih efcapea, 
TKo* rirteouii if a dowdy, and a fripei|« 
If bh cornea forth' a decent, likely Ul*, 
You'll fpeak her fair, and graDi the proper 

paia; [lencerg 

Or fhould hit brain be tord*d with wild pre- 
f ^ thrfc hours lime, yoo*U bring him to h^ 

fe^fei i (get hi m^ 

And well yoQ may, when in yopr p^ower yott 
|n that^ fliott fjpice, you Miiter, bleed, ao4 

'ff|eathim« ' '- 
AiDoog tke TMrl^ indeed, he*d rnn no dan* 

t^U ' [§«••- 

Tkey facred hold, a madmicu and i^ ftV^* 

EPILOG U ^ 
ipfi\tn by Mn, Dakcik, ^ 

. Wrlttin by David GAamiCK, Eff^ 

WHEN with the cqtnlc mufe a bac4 
hath dealing, [fading ^ , 

The traffic thrives, wh.en t)iere*a a mutual' 
0«r author b aOa, that well W chofe hia plaiiji 
Frf//VaiW^jr/— Himielf. inlnjbn^ui 
As Vin 4 •vocnan, ()<mewh9t ^lone to fatiroi 
jn prove it a^l a bMU what he calls nature t 
And yoii^ I'm furr, will join ber'ore you go. 
To m4ul fs/fi MoJfJIy^ftov^ Duhlln be I 
WHrre are thefe Ltiy Lamhtent to be found P 
Not in thefe riper r)m<*t. on Engli/h ground* 
Among the varioua flowexi, which fweetly^ 
Wow, ^ 

To charm the eyea, at Aimack*t ar\d Soho, 
Praj ^Qet that weed,' Faljt Dtr^sey grow ? -j 

Among the fair of faflttoo, common breeding, 
ia rhere one bofum, where love li^s a bleeding*? 
In olden tiofkes, your granfiams anre/in*d, ^ 
Ty'd up the tongue, put padljcki on the f 

wiifld i ' [now 900/^1%). f 

O Wiea, tbaak your fUrs, there^a nothiiig'<^ 
In love you Sngladi mo^;— 4herc*a no coti« 

ecaliog, [dealing g 

Are moft, like Win worth, fimnle ij| yoor 
But Britoni, in their natures, u their namft. 
Are different, as the Shannon, Tweed, aji4 

Thafeea.' • * . - •• ... 

Aa the Twtfd flowt, the hotinfSeve profcede^ 
Wee*d% (law, and fure, and nae ' obfbtidiQia 
- heedt) ■ ' ' 

Tho* oft repulf^d, hia purpofe flitl haudafa^, 
Stecka like a burr, aod weena the laff at kft. 
The Sbannoif, rough, and vigorouf Douit along. 
Like the bold accent of brave P^dOf t tongue J 
Arrah, dear creature,'Cao you ftors me ^? ' 

If 



10, r 



Cail yooi fweet eyta upoo me topy tdd^lbe 



N»t 



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Std^y vf tie Nt^d^otmiyi 

huhtw, [ydc •fter. 

Jwairrf memy jewH^ 1>« f y^ni^ love 

u^ kacMni TlMMcr, Ikoocft ^^i^m -ITr^r their 

k»«Acr, (;c*Dtbcr, 

■^^nkktfaatt ore* and ^Bttcb lel% t>old thao 
MrwMI, bit l«¥4iK arms ^ili Tpreadi 
BKAopt-uwilowt bta«« t%«« tvAthf^nl hczi i 



'eJoAV'^ so ecu tiu ^ 



^liitleihtatc a^Aio. 
VelAsypaMiAglUie ? — or do j^o ddtsUit^ 

WbtOiyyMtoft tryal ? ^<rt:^« abtti*t it } 

Let CofM kt4 I2>r«v tSrre^ms ^o t li e field, 
Atdtryvhkhfirft can rskMKm m. damM ^leldr 
*We fiy jeo ta a wri^d'aiy ^-^ — Tnailc confcat, 
(W ite'H be rttdy §<ir gatp^^rxfy ^gyt^. ^ 

72« Slry •/ th€ mc%9 Oo m k z> y caliti 

FALSE pEi^ie-A^cy. 

LORD Wnwofth, m ikobl^man otf ttoor'- 
ttptioeabte charaSfccry lixYi»C ad<fteff«d 
iaif Befit), Luabton^ ia, iioCwitl»il«tidiag he 
■i nxY ^eaihk ta fe«r, raj^^^ed, fcecwfe 
«a thinks a iecoad iiisrHac« Ikiehly indeJi. 
Defp%ii\atof I-*dy Bcrty l»i« lord&ip 
kCaa&x lut-^ajftci CD Adiis Maccb- 
■wx, a7oaa%Ud7 of great naerit, who hiT- 
i>f Wft har p«ieQti, and her bopea of t forw 
««ae «nh them, while a ctii»d, bid beta 
fap^«te4b3 the tenerofity of Mr. Cecil and 
i-W^ B«n>, Tatftb Marchn>OBt bh Jori- 
^^^M»wcGte& CO hope be wa« oot unacc'ep- 
49^^ /OUD iar ha^ns lotcrafted helfcif in 
ji^ i^Mvar •ritk L^y ^tty, wlaofc infldencfe 
^iOw %Aa^ »AarAm««t Ite alfo intend! tb rc^ 

^^^ ilta:rry Kcwlmrg attcada Col. Rlvert to 
CdlUcac ^ia aaaUat lo hi» tnaH-i««c with hit 
%9 ^Uhm his iddrefft w«i Favoured 

.^ «o the CalaflcV^ wh6 beWng |,ro- 

L Mkia ItteeA ta lAr. SWft y (wba by the 

)b iiwafti ov re attached to Mi it March- 

ft) %e aocca be^ev«ila<^ oo tto break hit 

'^ ^ Sar amy** more fpUndSd ofler j be 

\ %na Meem for Sir ffarr^ «4 a y^lOaUe 

* bat that He ii not at liberty to 

\ bun Im a (on io Uwi 




Bcwaic c »— «M — — — — - - - - - - 

-»»• of importanee, which her L>dy{bi)> 
lw>faa if lo tene^ hik »dd»e<re«. Mrt. Hurley 
- ^ ^ I U «caM^ e^r^ty. di^cblty by hef 
\ «• h» Lofdihip that Lady Betty !i 
1 to tHka ta htm with favour. Thii 
; h«r tadyfllip reje^ a« indelicate, 
ucft Hit, B*rlcy to keep her pmit- 
irjiiy iDfd a pro«ada4 fecrcr. 
Ibityac^aaiatt Mr. Coril with hit in- 
r^^cmyiagoff MiA Rivers, at the 
•Ifofet ^eir aoioas Cecii, aficx 



ibme beHtat>ony approtu hit propcfalj an 
prooiHci hit »fliflaj)ce. Sir Fiarry Icrtii] 
hha, Ctecil; who it a middle-aged man, an 
affe^ a fiofultr plainnefl of drelt, declan 
bimfoiFtn love with Mift Marchmont, an 
refdvet, that her reje£Uon may not reod< 
him ridiculous, to (bund her, by propofin 
b friend of hit own age, &c, for hier holbanc 

Lord Winworth attebdt Lady Betty, an( 
Intreait her to influence Milt Marchmont i 
hit favour. The manner of hit intrododn 
hit re<)Qeft having the appearaiUceof renewtn 
hit foiiciution td herfelf, (be givet an almoi 
implicit confent before (be dtfcovert *tii Mil 
Marchmont to whom he now meant to offc 
himlelf. Mrt. Harfey, bn my laily*t retirin| 
being made acquainted with hit lordlhip*t in 
ttntion, propofet to fet all to rightt, by let 
ting Mift Marchmont khow the trae ftat 
•i Lady Betty *t heart. Thli expedient ia ic 
Jeded by the latter, is being aUo to a grei 
degrre indelicate. 

Sir Harry croflet thb (bfe with Mift Rifei 
and her maid ^ they are followed by Colom 
Rivert, who> ilarihed at their being thu 
together in a retired paK of the garden, Hf 
tern Ind overbean Sir Harry intrieat Mil 
Rivert to go oflf With himj which, afte 
iaTnt. reiuOance, (he conlcDtt to, and the 
appoint a phcc of meeting in the evening 
The Colonel on their going off appear^ an 
exprefTet much tlifol^aAjre and conCtrn. Ce 
ell appears With Mift Marchrnont and (oli 
cictfor a friend of hit own age, &r. Mil 
Marchmont eiptetfei her concert that (h 
Cannot liften'to any addfeff, her feart. tbt 
(he will loofe thcfr/endftlp both of Mr. Ceci 
and Lady Betty, who hat propofed I-ord Win 
worth to her, and own« a prepofTeliion in fa 
tort? of Mr. Sidney. Cecil reccivet her con 
fidchce with pleature, decUret he it not ia th 
leaft difpieafed at her reje^ng hit friend 
and that he will exert himfelf to procur 
her wiihei. Lady Betty appeart on Cecil' 
^tng oiF, and urges 'Lord Winworth *t fui 
to Mlfs Makcbfl)ont ; though (he it rejoice 
at Mift March0«oht*9 rejecting hio, berpai 
\iality (or my Lord occafions hcf to exprel 
herfelf with warmth in his favour ai an un 
exceptionable fuitor: Thit induces Mil 
Mavchmont to ihiitk (he it more interefle 
in bit favour than Lady Betty will* alloa 
and (he determines to ucrifice ^tf^tXi to wha 
(he conclude! ii the earneil wi(h of her friend 

Ltdy Betty informs Mrs. Harky with muc 
pleafure that Mifs Ma!rhmoQt it averfe t 
Lo<d Winworth*t addrelTct; Mift Ma^cb 
mont enters, and declares her d^ertfllni'io 
to (acfifice her wifhctto her ladv(hipi M\\ 
taking much pains to contimrc Miff Kfatch 
mont (he it not fo eahicft at (he in^agioe, 
Lady Betty \% tedutfcd fo the tle(neefy of U 
crificing her darling delicacy, end acquain 
Mift Marchmont with her realwf^hes \ whi^ 
at ihe it abouc*to dtr hs lerdfMp emert. 

Lady Bcttjf not having jet opteed her re 

G % icnumes 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



5* 



Tit MONTHLY CHJWDNOLOGER. -ptp. 



leiitimeAti to MI6 Mirchmont, it Ckiows ip* 
to the greateft diftreft by her tcceatiii|^ 4ho* 
«vuh vifibic r^u^ance, hii lordihlp*i hMid* 
Miia lUtert comtog with her m«id to th« |ip- 
pointed rendeiToui, inflead of her knrer is met 
^y her ^ther t A moft pathetic fceae cafiifs i 
^fter ezpofttihtiog with her in the «oft af- 
fectionate manner, he teilt her he will not 
f tfer to deuin her t Ht even pati into her 
jiandt an obligation to pay her A noble for* 
tune, but forbtdt her eter after eppcariog ia 
^ii %ht. On the Coloncl*t retiringy Sir Hir- 
ty Newburgh appeari, and telli the lady ihat 
yvery thing it ready. She dedaret (be wiU 
not forfake i)er father $ the maid advifet Sir 
Harry to force her away { on hit preparing to 
^0 (o, ihe breakt from him, and iSKiog Mr* 
Cecil, entreats his prouAion, and that he 
will not {aff€r Sir Harry to foUow hcf • Ac* 
jcordlnglv on hit attempting to do fo, Cecil 
oppofet him i they draw, but» after a few 
paflfety Sir Harry it convinced of the Ibame- 
fulpartheit ading, pott nphisfword, and 
^ recencikd to his friend. 

Sidney having heard of Mifi Rivcrs's at* 
tacbo^ent to Sir Hany, attends the Colonel, 
^nd iledinet the propoTcd match, very much 
to the difpleaforc of the Colond. Cecil aad 



Idft. Harlcy hpfiqi afVMinM ^Mk •(Jmt 
with the real fentiibents o# the kffers^.diey 
contrive to ismove the difllcnhin a ridiculow 
attentioB to aa imagioavy prqiviity had oott^ 
fioned. Lord Winworth reeeives a nieflag^ 
from Mrw Harl«y ia Udy Betty's name, da* 
firing to fet him. at does Lady JBtttp one t» 
tbe fsme purp^ie Aom his loidfliip. On thck 
mectiifg Ladjf Pf^y i^ M to ttok:lln. ita- 
1^ hat given op her fecrct» and dedares lincef 
ibe hath thos t^trafied her^-Ae will no jpnasr 
conceal her parti^^ fpe his loiMiip. Uf 
Lord, forprised at fo voegcpoAed a dedamtSon, 
laments eai:neftly that hit onga|smeats vtlb 
Mifs Marchmoiit prevents hiS happioeia* 
Cecil and Nfrs» Harl^ bow appe«r> and afccf 
homouroofly ridicoling their aogiantic dolica- 
cy, which had occafioned (o mifch c«pfuAa«^ 
introduce the other diaral^ers who havt heott 
l^it to rights by them within* Mv LtP^ ^ 
freed from bit engagementi with Mifi Vf ssdii* ' 
mont, and accepted by tady Betty, jcdni the 
hands of the former with her fiivooted Mr. 
Sidney | the CotooeT acceptt Sir Harry fgr 
hia iMi-iA*hw, and Cecil declares it a happi- 
aefs lo people of inch refined fisntiments^ 
that they have friends aboot them if plahi 
nnderftaoding and commmi ko^ 



THE MONTHLT CHRONOLOGER. 



Fit I BAT, jfaa. X. Shroplh. Idward BottersH, B(^} Som. Jolm 

waadrawn HelKar, E(q{ Suff. Francis Eld, Efq} SdFr 

in the ptc« Ofborot Fuller, Efqj Soothampt. Chdoner 



f^]|^VfUMBER 30540, waadrawn 
3^^"^Q a priae of loooul. 
N flr fent lottery 



Tvca^AT, xa. 

^"JC^W Lord Chamberlain's Office, 

\m, Mr^ fj-, xnsjefty hath been m^^ 
gradoofly pleafcd to order, that tbe couit 
jDOarnings Hull not, for the future, continue 
longer than one half of the time which hath 
hcen ttfoally obfetted. 

HsaTfOKft. 
FaiDAT, X5« 

Tbe following gemlenun were appointei 
fiieritfi, for 1768. 

Berkf. Wm Price, £fqj Bed f. John CsUr« 
Tfqi Buck. Wm Creflwdl Wentworth, Efq] 
Cumb. Sir Gilfrcd Lawfon, barC Cheih. 
vienry Hervcy Afton, £(qj Camb* and Hunt* 
Xdw. Leeds, Efq; Corn. Frauoceit Kirkham* 
i:fq; Devon. W. Ilbert, ££]} Dorf. Ja. Gol- 
lop, Efq; Derb Sam. Crompton, Efq; Eiles. 
^Rich. Lomat Clay, Efq^ Glouc. John Guife, 
2Ciii Hertf. Lionel Lyde, ECq^ Hcrtf. Richard 
; Gorges, Efqj Kent. Rich. Holfe, Elqf 
Leiccft. Edw. Dawfon, Efqj Line* Jofeph 
'Wallt, Efq; Monm. Richard Lucm, Efq; 
Korthumb. Bryan Botrell, Efqt Nortbamp. 
•yho. Powys, Efqj Korf* Wm Woodley, 
£fq; Noctiqg. John Bell, Efq; Oaf. Studey 
l^yntop, Efq^ jj^utU Ueary Shidd» £i^ 
5 



Bdmond Lambeit, Efi|| Yorldh. Sir Geo, 
Strickland, Bart. 

SOU TH-W A LBS. 

Brecon. Thomas Harris. Efqj CaraiartK 

Edw. Parry, Bfqi Card. Danid Llogrd, Eiqf 

Glsm. Tho. Bennett^ E(q$ Paab. Joh» 

Griffiths, Efqi Radn. J^bn Trwnper, B% 

NO R T H* W A L£ S* 

Angl. Wm Hnghes, Efqi Cam. Robett 
Howd Vaoghan, Efq| Dcnb. Bdw. Uoydt 
Efq} Flint. Edw. Lloyd, Biq{ Merino. Robat^ 
Oodolphin Owco, £if| Motttg. Tlsomaa 
ThomaH £(i|| 

Ended the drawing of the lottery, wheja 
No. as 347. as UA drawn tidtet» bccoflge 
entitled m 40Oel. 

Mown AT, »S. 

Daoid A%ood, was eaocuiod at Tybun^ 
for murder. 

Ended the feffioni at the Old Bailey, whcis 
Wm Cayley, lor fiealiog an heller, Patrick 
Swioey, Timothy Crawley and Wm Hamil- 
ton, for highway robberies, Thomu Mit* 
cheoer and Charici Davit, for burglary, re- 
cflirfid fsAteoce of desth, u Daoid ^good ^ 

hsiicaa^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



tf6S. 



J2« A4QNTHLY CPRONOtOGER. 



$i 



>k>Acfefe, lor the onrte of Wm.. 

iLUk]^ a wiirlinw. J^i^teen wen it»> 
^acstt Kp traa/jpocutioa far Cevea jcan, t«o 
were bnadedf two ordered to be piblickl/y 
fod d|^t iciffticl^ whipped. 

TstSDAT, 19. ' 

Aa houte wai ctofmrntd^ fire near Weft^ 
W>ftetAb^« 

T«wet»AT, «U 

ifCkcap wvdy ia the rooei ef (Sit SaommI. 
ntkftt, torared. 

Tbejodfes fnnber heani the ce(p of .llr« 
C^hfap, Uuly eoavided or iorf et^r, 00 a (pe- 
«ui vcnb^);, aod pranoooccd h^ tuiit j. (^ 
forvoL fer 1760, p. isz.)' 

The fnft (See our lail fk4. p.-683.)xeii*. 
(iaocd witb gfcat iieveritj, till the jiihof 
ike preheat Booth* e^ Added eiCrenely tm 
Jhc diftrciles of the poor i but Chej received 
fBB« aUctuiuoo ^m the hvmeiie beiiew>- 
leacc ci niaai noble periiN>«, , f ejitkmeQ» 
lorhinrt, capkal tradef^k^^ corpotatioiM 
tad pailihee* lAuiy peiioiM ^eie tioteo t* 
death in towa and toi^atcy} the Thatoet 
wai fiosea ia, aad smch dauufe happened 
t» the flkippias aad (toMU CMfft, 2ievefal pet <«> 
iam loft thor hva ia ikaitiof aad iUding, ae 
afiaj» aad maaj of the idie ^0 mea, or 
fo pp a fi , aboec dM field«« «broa|h earrleiSN 
adH .or waat of fluJl, ia their dMor^ooy 
weieluBed bj<theif owo piiect. 

Accideatt if #arioBi kinds bate depmed 
irrccai pcribaf of their 4if^ maoy mufdert 
.haje baeai coauaittedt /bipwreckt at £aa sad 
/■a t^ cfeftf l^ve bcca Iraq uent, end tob«> 
hen of all ^>^iefl .\P3f iaduAnout, daring the 

Sale of tho q^ath. 
ya apfecoud for holding the ieffione of 
the feacr> Oyer and Tarnriner, and gaol de* 
Sivexy of Hewgate, in tbeyetr i-6t, 
QwJter ficAoa, at Hiclu*t H.J1» Moadeft, 

Jaa, lf» Thuriday 14, Old Bailty. 
Qcocrai ScAoa, at Hidu*» Hali» Moodiy 

Feb. aa, WedaeiiUy, 04, Old BaUcy. 
<WttUr icAoa, at Hicki't U«ll, Tucfilay» 

Apni iz, Wcdnelday i). Old Bailey. 
Ccaeral Stflipa, at Hicka'a Hall, Taefiiay, 

AUf 17, Wednefday iS, Old Baiky. 

Qoarter U&90, at Hicki*f HaH, Mondig^ 

Joly 4* Wedaeiilay 6. O^d Bailey. 

Oeaeral feflioa, at Hicki*s Ha!I, Mondty, 

Sept. s, Wedneflay 7, OM Bail^.- 

Qaaitcr feffioa* at Hicki*i Hall, Moadaf^ 

06t 17^ Wedoc^ 19. Old Bail^. 

Gtaeral MBoo, at Hiclta't Hall, Mondfj 

Dm. 5, Wedncfday 7, CMSaitvy. 
Deyt appointed for hokiing the geoeral qutt- 
tcT icftea* of the peeeefor the-ehy and li- 
berty of Wellniofier, .in the year 1768. 
Thariilay; 'the 7th day of Janoary'. 
Tboridayf the yih-day ^ April, 
WedaeMajy the a9th day oa^ June^ 
■Fiiday» the 7th day of October. * 



. ^!eMd Kiogiale im Jaelaad» 19 beceoibcrg^ 
la iuii Si^ M MilehoU i» CornvaJK . 

JN The day lleft yoo at Mitchdl nrited 
at Padftow before, high water, £iiled for Corlfi 
at three o'cl#c|p the ikaie a^ftaaooa, and tha 
aext day ac (cnu in the 'atfcarnooo made tka 
Uaad of Xi^^k about thiee league! fi«aa 
Cork Havboor | when the violence of tha 
ifieathcr aod ibe want -of day-jight obliged no 
to make tor the matt eonoenientplaoe» whkhr 
happened 10 be at the Old Head ia BuUaa 
Bay, where net ba»o| a0|uainted» bad ao« 
thia^ to do boc.piay to Cod to be our direAoc 
to brii)g oa ia fate with oor veflcl aad lii^ei^ 
T^ far 1 got fafe to anchor at three qair* 
tert paA four, being almoa dark i At ooa 
oeleck next aioBaiog I weat a(hore tb xgeC 
aftflanee. in eai« occalion ihoold require it t 
but had Bot beca thcae above, half anhoar» 
when, on my return far the boat, I found 
her cot to piecea aad carried awray by th# 
country people. From this 1 b^an to feat 
what I had to mtpc€t i however, aa the vef« 
fti waa fafe aad fouad, ander ao appaaent 
danger af being bi,. X ooald fcarce belicTe 
that any attempt would bm made fa rip her 
vp{ but from that time 'till daylight I per* 
eeived a vaft coocourie of people gathering 
U>i(ether, and talking in their own laogvage» 
which we eoold not ia the Icaft underlland $ 
bot giviag a large guc(a hafteoed on beavd» 
where we ftayed antti day-light^ at whicit 
tiaae the tide i«aT»ag m, and nefeWtthiUod«> 
log the veiiel -quite found, having received 
00 damage ftom the fee, the mob fell imnM* 
diately on her with.axea, piket, iron erowa, 
and chifl*ela,aod rippedhertopieceain leia than 
four. boon. ladeed they had the good aiaa* 
aers to let ut ihare with them for about *a 
hour, doriDg which time we'faved the mail', 
bowfprit, boon^, g^if* maioCail, jibb, and 
rudder, with fome running rigging of fmall 
oaonfaqnea^. They then grew impatient at 
our having any ihare, with them, and jave 
;iao and my men notice to keep our dlftaiKe:^ 
which I refufing to do, had from one of 
■them a new ground axe thrown at mr, 
which happily roided me. Thii was follow 
ad by (bowertof ftone at hre and my men^ 
which obliged ua immediately to qott the 
place, and feek for (heltar bete, our lives be- 
irtg fhreateried-if we are caoght near the vef- 
iet. 

At thii place 1 applied to JufKce BaUinf , 
and Mr* Deanit,. a notery public ; but all 
the faiiafadion I can geCf i« they allure me, 
as many a« they can deted, they will ccf 
tainly punilh to the utmofl rigoor of the 
law. Thia it the melancholy fitujcion I am 
in, the vbi^h, 1 fear, will infjliibly break. 
my heart, bcforv I have any poffibilitj of fee* 
ing my native co«ntf7 again. 

WxLi.XA;« MaaTTN." 
Gjlway, 



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54 



^ ^tl Jia. 7. A irtnr liiicomm«h fn- 
toeeoftheiiKvcntyofthefroft, wMobferv- 
^ in ^w Deifhbooriiood tb^itma oMtt 
^ On a fnuli iongh near BtUrqutrk in 
BjrecAinjught, above 100 couple of' dock and 
maJUrd. t«d other water fow J i. were frottn 
to dctth, wheie tbey were oblerved yefterdar 
••rmng, &itd to the iee, but none of th* 
^^7 people would then tenture ont fot 

Dahlin, Dec. 15. About bne o'clock in 
the mflcmng, . fire broke out at Brockly 
W v!?. . ?ii«^« • /ounty, the fett of 
l^^'^^^^PlJ<r:t^jn (who happened to be 

ooDfomed the fame, with p«t of a new 

waa liived, but 00 life waa loft. 

iLvTb.i^^'^i!""'^"' ""'^ caperfaucej 
Ihotthedoaor, who waa not fond if butter 

Si^U. r ^"T ^.^•. •»»<»^-»«ntio„ed 
JKklei referred dry for hit ufc 5 which, ai 
He wu mincini. he called aloud to the com- 
^oytoob-er^e him:-*. I here prcfent yOn, 
my Iwdi aod gentlemen (faid he) with a 
filht that may henceforward (erreyi. to talk 
ot at fomctWiog cDrioiit, m. Thatyooiaw 
•n arehbiAop of Dublin, at fourfcore^al!^ fe! 

1^/^ '-"^i^ng la a prefcript on of Dr. Tay- 

hyftp water, mu it with one ooerter of • 
pound ofdie beft clarified hoo?,? (hike it 
ru^^V*"": •"' ^^'^ ^* ^"^"•^^V of a tea. 
« low ornti tak.ng, retoifo great benefit. 



MxRRiAokS W BiftTiii, 



Jartl 



MAtiiAcxa tfiTi/BxaTHs/ 
Jan. 4.pOLONEL Thom.a Shirley, wo. 

♦T 1Jf7"r?- .A****"**" Weddeiburn, Ei« 
to Mif« DawWSamuel Jerman. Efi,r i2 

ron, to Mifi Mary Farmer. 

Lately. Kt. hon. Lord BUyoey, to Mift 
Tipping, a .ooool. fortuneisir Edmoid 
Wilfon, bart. to Mifa Arabella WilkinSn 
Capt. Browne, to ,the Hon. Mifa AUen- 
Walter Hawke^orth. Ef,, to Mif. Fan^ 

Dec. 30 Vifcouotefa Town&emI wm de- 
ofTfoflL^" ^^^ ^'^y'^^^ ^ I>"Wi^. 

t ^'°*;^V^'^^°"n'«^»J^ne>Uh,of8fon--6 
I-a?y of the hon. Mr. ByngTof a fonlTa* 
CouotcOi of Shannon of a daoaht^ll' 
Counteftof Elgin Ufa Ibn^ ««glitor-to. 
Lately. Lady of the J.te Sir EUi. Cuo|i/fc 
of a daugh.cr-Lady Staplctoo of a daughreV^ 

of Sott^b-Auaiey ftrcoc, of a (bn-^oumc£ 



of Pomfret, of a (bo and hiij-tady Lfn dfer/ 
H^ Of . i^^u'*' **^ ■ daughter-Ladt^ 

t^' 2f^^datb^vr ^^^ 

WhLh u t,«-f I*™™ Underwood, o» 
Whhehurch, Shropftltc, El,j-C.pt Th«i 

rSl *?!"L*°"T* "^ *''* 8<»«h-fe. com* 
pwy-l8. HentrLewi.. Ef,j of the cuftomJ 

of Ch.«p Wirt, ud memlMr for Chippen- 

!!!?.^/L*'". """*«'? »' 0»f«rt, foci 
Bigot, h,n.~Bi„„i CuWIam, Kb; w emU 
»e«d.ft,||.r, who M «ned f^i^ff ^ 

«fth.cuflom.,„ 3to.l.nd-A2dKw Ridurd. 
STwiw,.*"'*'^*' ««-M!chid B.fn.ti 

-.. r.i! '"'Si" f"««>". «B«hl-TlK^ 
»«Gjr«..,ofWanU|., B«k.. i(i„-.Wilt 

jucjerdjd brhi.,N^f::;:'^irch«d':: 

''"»"■ *'?« » nncbajit— Mr. Huddle, i* 

Mn. Rich«dfea, iaogbter •# tha laieemh. 
f«Pf.'»«" Jo*" Hobl». I'. „,.t,^ 

ft-.b><n expirlng-Mr.. Worfl^, fi«er of 
I-«l Gr„th«„ Mr. p^ s,:7„., ^j^ 

by fie »dinir.l-Ed«wd J>,«fon, E&i fe! 

EecmiA.TiCAi Pitxrt«M«ii7.w 

Csnted to the reflory of St. tMir.nee.ia 
Wmch.fler-Mr.Thopi. Edward. toS^C 
•ngof trodefle,, Salop - Mr. Georg. T,«m^ 
to the reaor, of H^poole, in Nar.h«ipM,: 

P»«MOTroMi GiTil an/ Military. 
■ Fr<,mtb<L6Kt)0ti CAtETTi, 

WAR Gffiee. ;.„. 6. The dake of . 
. Gloucfter, It ippoinW a maidr .*. 

foot r'ud.._M^or jinerU Marra*. colootl 



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1768- 



FOUEIGN AFFAIRS. 



55 



^ th« f 3th fCfiiBcat ^ <bol» in hit room--* 
llsjoc t»erfti ArmftfMif , firfll oobHul of m 
ktfT»'i(» of the 60th rcfimeac of foot-^^ap* 
^ lUnil^oo nujor of the xSth rcfimcm of 
loot. 

Sc JixBo*!, Jus. so. The e«r1 of HilUbo> 
CMfb, ind Uie Viiceoot Wcymooth, wort 
fwnk. tvo ol tlse ^ooipal iMrctarict of ftaie* 
Trwm thM R^ if tU Ps^ru 

Rlchtfo Rochford Merrlo, £A}| u ap- 
|euits4 Isewt. col. of tho 3961 regiihtiitaAd 
yfUbam FlcKmg, Efq; major of the 64th— 
iUcfcosf To<M« BSqi (ecTCtarf to the poft- 
oflirr Pt bos. Richard Rigby, a ?ice* 
^edbfcr of Irelaod— Mr. ^chard Jupp, if 
cho(B &rve|or of the Eaft- India company. 

j§k*rarum im the Lift off^rHamtta* 

TWEED ALE. * ape. Adam Hay, iathc 
moB of JohnDickibii, Ei^} 



nC HortonMiUs, Berks, 
bvynaer of Junes llreet, flazler and 



Fibofli 

JaacaAi 



T^iMlitli^, of Wwktaie, TfrteiUrc, dealer. , 
Bevy asd JoOa SiiooH Of &a4u»p^ oicOfe, ftaOle- 

kCrpen tad oarmert 
til WW I M^cy . cf L^ondoo, mariner &nd dealer. 

Siiitt^ Ml- crfS«lOy>dealif- , ^ ^ 

u Wa^ cf 5c Csorf^ Uaoovcr fquare, botcher, 
ilum Cteke, onUu«tC]^* iftntt, pocer, bakffr, 

l&cBet tachanlt, oC Hackney, nprcbaot. 

Cesrce Rarztren, of Bjuboiabttry, merchann 

Eiwa^ Powter. of Aid^rlKatedreet, baberdaAiah 

TW«iuLeiBb, of.Corokili, ftationcr. 

/aa^ Himmrf^f,. of Bil^pi^cc-ftreet, finder- 

' taiBtf baker. 

Ftad. HertoA^ o# Condole ftreet, )eweMer. 

nnnfcwn A^f**^'*■1 of Bartholomew- lane, fcrK- 

— Boysand. of Skorctttcck, encler. . 
■■yi^ orXidderoitbAer, mercer and dealer. 

FOREICN AFFAIJCS. 

NOTHIHG c^ mpre plainly fliciy 
the eJfc£b of eothoAafai than the fol* 
levinf account ftom ' " ' 

' Densark, Dec ag. '^thin theTe fe^ 
yeara a /et of Beopl# have been difcoyeped 
Bete, teined with a fiiorder of mind that if 
mtteaiclj dai^oroos Co fociety. This it att 
Jarapnationy tna^ hy committing premedir 
tited mortbcr^ and being afterwards con^- 
ilemoed to die for it, they are the better able| 
^ pohlic nsrkt of repentance and coo?er 
ioo as they ^ to the (caSbld, to j^epsf^ 
themfelTes for death, and work oot their 
own inlMtion. A Itctte while ago^ one of 
thtfe wretches martheicd a child oot of the 
fame principle. Jn otilcr, however, to uko 
fiom thefe wretches aU hopo vf obtainifjg 
^eir end, and to extirpate the tvil, th« king 
iflocd, ofi the ij'Ji of thSs mooth, an ordi- 
maace, by which iiis mJjel^ forbids the du- 
•Aiog tfiem with dcaih } tod ena£b, that 
^ ihaU bt brooded as fht forbad with a 



hot iron* and whipped } that they ftall after* 
ward be confined, tor the reft of their days^ 
|o a houlV: of corredion, in ordor to be kept 
there to \iard labour ; and laftiy, that eveyy 
yrar, on the day of iheir crime, they ihaii be 
whipped a* new in public. 

WarraWyDcc. 8. In the fittings of the a tft of 
laft month^ the Prince Primate laid before thd 
national confedeca^ the following points, 
aft. That the law. Rex (^stho/icui efie, (bouid 
he confirmed, ad. That ihe right of ele^ng 
a king ihould be oaaintaioed, without ever 
ihewing any regard to hereditary right. 3d. 
That the Roman Catholic religion ihould 
be mainuiaed at all times as predominant. 
4th^ That the king (hall never have a right 
to alienate any eftates belonging to the repob- 
lie. 5tb, That no perfon what(bever ihall be . 
liable to be confined without having been firft 
liieard before a court of joAico, and previovfly 
condemned. 6th» That the Liktrum Vetc ii| 
matters of ftate, fliall be prefe/ved in iu full 
fxteot. yil^. That the re-entering into pof* 
ieilioJi of chargu and dignities> bedewed by 
the kin(, ihall t»)te place fimply, without 
the leaft cpBtradi^kion, without any pretext 
that they depend on t)ie repahlie. ^ Sth, 
7h%( the free exercife of diyioe worflup Ibalt 
fuflfer nq reflriftion in any lefpcA* 9th, 
That tha prerogatives of the cities Aall bo 
maintained* loih, That a]] privileges ihall 
he rtgiflercd tjiree months after they are 
granted, i xth. That no afiair of Aate, that 
has been onre reje^cd, ihall bp brought 
•a the carpet again, lath. That it ihall 
he lawful to fell, or make over by tpray 
of inheriUnce, any lands^ tp the burghers 
and huibandmen, and that the fiate vaflahgo 
ihall be fupprefTed. i^^th. That all foreign* 
ers, who /hall iiava Uvesd ten yeatfl itt tho 
country, 4ball be reputed citiaens. I4th9 
That the Jm% cadnam ihsll bd granted to the 
king. 15th, That provifion ftall be made 
that the great cities, foch as Cracow and 
othen, (hall en]oy again a feat and vote in 
the diets. And i6th. That perfons of ple« 
belao eztra^lioo ihall be invefted as hereto* 
fore with places in the afleflbxial courts of 
juftice. 

But we ihall (bon be able to give a more 
authentic account of theCe points 4 for by the 
left mail we are told, that they are now drawn 
|ip into the form of a treaty between Ruffia 
and thje repoMick of Poland, which tha 
f rinte de Repoio, the Rui£an ambafTidory 
has lent to Mofcpw^ in order to have it r»« 
tified by her imperial majefty. 

Vienna, Dec. 30. Our court hath received 
from that of Madrid fome difpatchea relativo 
to the choice which the Catholic king waa 
defired to make of one of the archducheifes 
to be queen of Naples j this choice hath 
fslien on the Archdocbetf Caroline, who is « 
year and ibme months younger than the lato 
Archdttchefs Jofepha w^s. The formality of 
demaadiDg her roytl highnefs in marriage 



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5« 



FO<tElGK AJfFA-lJlS. 



for h\9 S*fc9!t]i nnijenyiiifl Juft^eeiiinade)^ 
^nd the p0rtT«ir Of thzt montrch k»^ ^a 
pftTented to 'C^e^pBiiceft. The departure cif 
the princefi for Inly ilvili take place towtrdf 
^tefprbgy is^bM* tvtbe ^blic ro^t ^lulfbt 
pifltble. 

Madrid, Dee. r* The cotmetl htr ittit t^ 
sU the archbifliopt, ^(bopi. md «ther prt^ 
latei of tbii kingdodi, ^ tttcol^ letter, writ^ 
ten the i|th of April, 176^^ bjthe UftopoF 
Coenca, to the Kiog% CooteSor, #bich ler^i 
ler wae full of conpl|iDfi igjAntt hie nu^tC* 
fy*f goTeroroent and Nifl nrioiftry^ and agamft 
the Confeflbr bitnfelf. This circular letter, 
which if prhited, begins i»ith the copy of a 
Ibhedde addreffbd by the ktog to tl^e bifhop oif 
f^uenca^ on occa6on of that prelate*! letter* 
ffii ma^fiy ^a fchedule it at foUow» t 
The Kiirt;. 

«« Reverend Father in Jefui Chnft, Bifhop 
^f Cucnca, Member of my cotancil. 

My confeflbr, m ordrt" to actjuir hit con* 
fcxeoce and mine, hai communicated to me 
the letter that yon wrote him in^ a tranipoit 
of your seal. Yotr fay in that letter, that rfai|i 
kingdom is mined by the petfccution of the 
church} that you have foretold thir niin» \>vlt 
that the truth had not made ita Waf to nt^ 
cart, akbough my Confeflbr waa not the only 
perfon you made ufe of to convey !t to mt. *I 
aflure you, that all the mitforCunea tfar^ 
migKt befall me in ^ii world, would af)e4 
my heart left than ihe unhappinefeof the peo^ 
jfU whicR Olid haa entrufted to me ; I love 
them as my own children', and Tdtfirefl0thisf|; 
more ardentVy than their advantage, their 
eafe, and theff pmiperity. Bnt what afil At 
me mod ii, that yoa Ihould fay to my ConfeiJ- 
for, th*at tike chmch if ^perfecuted in my ca* 
thelic dominiont ) thatit^i weahh if plnnder^ 
cd, it*s minifteia abnfed, and it'l immuni- 
ties trodden under foot. 1 ginry in laebg the 
eldefl fon of fo holy and^ good a mother ) no 
title does me more honour than that of Ca- 
thoHc i I am ready to fhed xny blood to* main- 
tain it. But fince you fay that the light hat 
not reached mv eyea, nor the tmth my ean> I 
wi A you" vrouid let me know in whit confifti 
this perfecution of. the church, of which I 
im n<A informed, on what oceafiont lier goods 
have been piUaged, her miniflerr affronted, 
nhd her faered immunitiet trodden under foot. 
V^hat other canal befldet that of my Conftflbi 
have you made ufe of to enlighten ne, and 
what are the motfvet fihich oblige yon to 
write? You may explain yourfclf frrely, by 
following the oprighcnefs of your intentions, 
and your pious ftanknefi upon .every thing 
Ihat thif important matter requires, in order 
that 1 0ay enmine and dive into it, and (a- 
ratify, af 1 ought, the obligation th^t God 
has iropofed upon me. I ezpeft from yohr 



■ttnckment t»an% and Iron the te^ that atif« 
■latea yon, that^yon will kC nt know, in m 
pardbtilar maoneiv ymir grievajMos ageinft^ ikr^ 
govaaamesc^ it's want ^plpiy and fuligiot^ 
and the wrongs they may have caoied to-tln^ 
•hnreb $ hti havie noticing ft much at haart, 
aa the takinf of wiia and prudeor meafiorci^' 
and of rendeting tdi tkc ckmch and her oa^ 
niflersy the refpc^and thi vaneracion that i» 
doa ta'thon. 

At Anojaoi tht t^dr of May, f 7*74 

(Signed) I the Kiiro* 

Florence, Dee. 14. (^ tba ift intattai^ 
nigbf, a fire brake out at iIm hoafr of' a> 
«>run^» ^hicbln a few hoarv confomed 6» 
other honiea. Amottg then waa ooar be-* 
IpogjngtQ a fhewnao^ who Jkad fieveralnnW 
mals there intended for the eoiQ^ats of wild 
beafls.' The fire havings confUmad I fUble, im 
Stbiob were two lions,, one tige^ av^ 
three bears„ tbafit! voracioaa.aniinala H^*iii^ j 
fiuious, and efcapipg^out of the £)ace of thet^ 
confinement, fell upoi) the multitudey and 
traveried ihe whole' city, dverturniog avety 
i^tng in tlftir ffay. Ill te iniit, tfia di^ 
founded with the cri^ «f thcf^anhtp^ 
wretches i»b6 became their ' pref . ' A ban- 
dred men ware coautfanded to give ebace'liaL 
th^cm, wMo happily killed two beara, onv 
liont 9od the t%ar^ bnt the oiher lion c#Pa^ 
ped. As foon^as day.appeared, we ikw witS^ 
terror the dreadful, ri^age made by the fira^* 
but fiill more that by the wtld beaib. It i^ 
reckoned, that a hundred people are killed^ 
MdajwiiQb greater number luirK 

Tfhi m/« oh tBi Jfarry beavtMi, wmf^ .Aa 
nrara ffolijkd^ the,txplttrvit hi €xfm.gi^, mid 
ihe mkafkrg more aVtnded t§, Mnd it will tbui be 
mferttd. ^:\k9 na^Asr finm wcij tmfMt^ rftH 
itijk. ' , . V. f . . 

' Tbt efftMmlum m tht nuptish $f IXr-^, i$ 

Wt art slvmtfMid toUhjht tcrrtfftmims 

trnfrtiboiiir cf Nor/tiki but bit Utt Ithtr 
tutbing. nmo fn it, 

Ctvttoupieft bu^ tht ba£t U tto fturUtfuw 
hfirtiom. ' ^ 

Tht tltgiac vtrftt tn Mr, £— , tho* tiJfeSii^ 
Matt* srt me fttictt'^Tbt wrfu from ff^idr^ 
inrth^ art UM if tht Jftmt tbjtffioM,^~'iif 
fj^eh rtnmmentM bj Sjfa, in\ur next, 

P. P, P. put »s /• thi e^ptmc* •/4 d, fir hi 
mit I but it vfut not worth tbf moment a' be wlA 
now perceive, and mtiht have known by turning 
ft p, 536. but the itch of writing wns uptn him 
mnd it Uuld wot help fettinr pen to pefer^ 
Dyche*i tr Entick*tjfei/ing dtctionariu, srt rt* 
Ctmmitnde^ at guidtijor httt imfutun. 

The Thtatricai Inteiligenctr in tur next withr 
OutfaiL ff^ettkre ob/igedio pofipone it tu tbif 
Review of BooU rtfuirtd ft fuucbroom. 



^ Mr, J. B. tht curatif luriter of a tttiar hour Ma^fyr^i^imhtr^p, dot. r^^ 
fins to bis diflrtjfis^ is defiredto call upon R, BaUnmst^ im Patir^fitr Ro^4 ffftvl^m^ 
if fig afcertaias tbf fcUir $birfiir /atedf ho may bom- of fomtking to bis advantage. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



mm 



The London Magazine. 




gentleman's Monthly hitdligencer \ 
For F E B R U A R Y~i7^8. 



T|ii RtfTisH Trcatke 59— fir 

AccoQOt of Liond and ClarifTa 62 

Broadilreet and Corah ill Wards dcfcribed 64 
The Hiftenr of the laft Scfllon of Parlia- 
ment, &c. ^c. 65—69 
HoaghtOD-Hall dcfcribcd f 9 
And th% Paintingi there 70 
Mn, Henky's Scat at Docking 71 
Mr. Srjlexnan*s Seat ibid. 
And Mr. Fountainc*s, dcfcribed 7Z 
Tnxr State of the late Changes Ibid. 
S TaJc in p«int 73 
Tli;rd Lctiur, from RounVau 74 
Dr. Fochergiirs Retnariu on the Cicuta 75 
Aaecdotcs of Jamelbnc, a Scot* Painter 76 
And of the famous Le Sage 77 
Hiftory of a new rifcn Ifland 78 
Travels in Siberia 79 
Drcfs and Co ftom 1 of the wild Inhabitants 80 
Oura^er of Ignatius Loyaia 81 
Virtues of Tan fey S2 
Medicinal Ul'cs of Camomile 83 
3ark of the White-Willow, a Subft'tute 
for the Perovian 84 
Remarks on ihc Vi£lualling Ctatracb 85 
A carious Difcovery §6 
Iron and Steel Manufactures in Danger ibid, 
A Word on the Ladies Heads, &c. 87 
L— C— 's famous Speech 88 
To the Author of the ConfeiCoaal 90 
On Eph. ii, 3. -' r ; - 91 
Theological Qucrict • r 91, gj 

With an fcc^rat« Plan of ^roadstrzct 
Cbsrchea % aad a Reprefentation of the S 

of $ODTn*CAtOX.IN 



Remarks on the Bouoty on Cor-. 95 

Opinion of the King's Phyllci-*..! and Sur- 

gtfons in rejgorJ to the Sutions Practice 94 
Rcfclntion and Order of ihc Houle j^^^ 

Co»nmons ~ pr 

Account of ihe Mud Tnguana cii 

L-ptter from JMy. Robertlbn 97 

Poetical Assays ^8 — 102 

An Imijncc of Fortitude ics 

ShiiJ News Extraordinary IC3 

further Account of the Eruption of Mount 

Vcfuvi'js 2C4 

Paper Jatcly handed abeut ic 5 

An iir partial Review of new Publications 

i05— 114 
Cattle of the Wigs 105 

Mr. Walpole's Hlftoric Doubts, &c, 106 
Cafe of Jane Shora 107 

Cl)ar:i<^cr and Bebavlour of the famouj 

PaoH i«8— ni 

Efiayon the future Life of Brutes i iz 

Piayhoufc Squabbles ' iliJ. 

Two Letters from' Lord Bathurft to Ur. 

Swift ,ij_i,- 

The Monthly Chronologir ir<; 
Marringci and Bi/th?^ Drdths \ t% 

FccIenalHcal Preferments ihid. 

Promotions Civil and Military ibid. 

BinkruptPj Co urfe of Exchange 1:1:?, 

Fo R E I G N A r r A I a 5 tig 

(Monthly Catalogue of B«oks ■' iS\l. 

Stocks, Grain 3 Wind and Wenthcr ro 

and CoxNHT&L Wards; Vtrws of Three 
raiK oi Linn A^9, or Mup-1n6vaKA^ 
A 5 aU finely engraved. 



LONDON; Printed for R. Baldwin^ at No. 47, in faternofler Row }' 

Qi whoa may bt li»dy compieat Sets, from the Years 173a, to this Time, neatly bound or 

ftitched, or any iingle Month to com pletk Slit. 



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>, ^^ He* «^ >,*«i»H<«H<tH^Hj*-4» ^^ Ht-+3He* 
'„ ♦-1 « t*> *^ ^ •n'o m r«^ r* ««i «<^ r^-S «^ tn m r<^ 

•^ C/1 Cfl 









THE 



London Magazine^ 

For FEBRUAR Y, i768. 



THE BRITISH THEATRE. 




FGH the dif. 
feniioni between the 
rj^tentcesofCo* 
tGarden Theatre 
I been carried to 
^ It^ fach a vehement 
^wi length, as to prodtkd 
^**"^ appeals on both fides 
to the awful trihimu of the public, Mr. 
Coliaan>the a^og manager, has nevdv- 
^cle6boen indefatigable in promoting 
the cotertainment of the town, and 
a new caakoAj called the Gwd-natwred 
Mmm^ wvittea hy^ Dr. GoMiinith, the 
cekbratcd author of the Traveliir, has 
been to w g h t out fioce our laft; 
tat we are forry to fay the fuccefs of 
thii piece no way anfwered the very 
wann ett>eftations which were enter- 
Uincd or in i^erit by the world i eve- 
ry body naturally looked for an ex- 
tzaavdinary pModion from the maf- 
tariy kaod wiudi enriched the repub- 
lic of letters with the IPtv/hi^ of Soci- 
4y $ yet it is too meUncholj^ a truth, 
that every body who cheriihed this 
fagotae opinion, waa nnhappUy dif- 
^ipoiatcd when it made its appearance 
i]pon the ftage> 

The defign of the G^$iLnatMred Mom 
it traly laudable i it is intended to 
i^colc at e the piinciplee of nnifcHat 
taivolcooe, yet at the fame time it is 
akvbted to fhew the dangerous con- 
leijoencet of that benevol^ice, which 
is udilcrifoinately ihowered upon the 
worthy and the undeierving ; which 
u frMOcntly iiniaft in order to be fre- 
ifoeotiy generooe, and which moft 
commonly diibbliges every body, from 
coo eafneft a Ibtiatodo to cnnge the 
«tteas of.all*— ^BotoKS Sir William. 
Hbneywood, one of the chara6ler8,i 
laysp *< There are ibme faulu. fo 
4MtW allied to excall^as^ that we 



can fcarce weed out the vice without 
eradicating the virtue.** This behng 
the cafe, it \% greatly to be lamented, 
that a produ^ion upon fuch a plan it 
fo imperfedtly executed, as to afford 
but little hope of correcting the mad- 
nefs of good- nature, by maintaining 
a rank in the lift of our a^ng, or 
ftock, plays at the theatre. 

It mult however be confefled, for 
the honour of J>r* Goldfmith, that 
he ieems to have erred much left tbtx>* 
a want of real genio» for the fta^c*, 
than through an accountable partiahty 
for the humour of Mollere^and other 
celebrated writers of the Iflt centtiry* 
— In his preface he fays, ** WTicn I 
nndertook to write a comedy, I con- 
feis I was ftrongly prepofTafled in fa- 
vonrof the poets of the laft age, and 
ftrove to inutate them.-— The term 
genteel comedy was then unknown 
amon^ us, and little more was defir* 
ed by an audience than nature and hu- 
mour, in whatever walks of life they 
were moft oonfpicuous. The author 
of the following fcenes never imagined 
that more would be expefted ot him, 
and therefore to delineate chnrader 
has been his pfincipal aim.— — Thpfe' 
who know any thing of compc/ationt 
are fenfible, that in pursuing hiunour 
it will fometimes leaa us into the ro^ 
ccfies of the mean ; I was even tempt- 
ed to look for it in themafter ot a 
(pongin^-houfe : But in deference ta 
the public taii^ grown of late, perhaps, 
too delicate, the fcene of the baibfBi 
(ajcnf nobicb gave gnat offinci ibg 
firjSni^t) was retrenched in the re*, 
prefentation~fn deference atfo to the 
ludgmentof a fewfnends who think 
in a particular way the ficene it 
here reftored. ^«— The author fub-^ 
qiits it tp the fcad^ iahias€U>fet| 

Ha w an* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



6o The Br IT IS 

and b^ptt tliAt -too much reiuieinent 
vrill not banifh humour and charadier 
from ours, at it hat already dcbe ' 
from the French theatre. Indeed the 
French comedy is now become fo ve- 
ry elevated and fentimental, that it 
has not only banifhed humour and 
Molierefrom the ftage, but it has ba- 
nifhed fytBa^ort top/" 

Though '-there U much reafon to be- 
lieve, that the concludin|^ alTertion in 
tbe- foit g oing p a r ag r aph v aftogether 
apocryphal, the caf^ i« . neyerth^left 
widely different witit the Englith ftage,. 
for highly to the honours ot the pre- 
font tifpfs, :i>0: pieces receive- any en- . 
couragement iVom u% which iune not 
eyidently written in favotir of man* 
lity, and which do not moreover in 
thci fable roateritlly intereft us for the 
fate of fomt principal ^hara^ers.-*— 
The comedicsof Drydeo, Wycherly, 
Vaiibrugh^ 9nd Coni^reve, notwith- 
ftanding the Jux^nancir of their 
wir, aiid the abundaoce of their hu- 
iBoury are almoft bani(hed» and in- 
deed baniflied very juftly from the 
theatre } we have too much • under- 
Handing, thJink God., in fchefe times to 
be chArmed with obfcenity beca^fe it 
n)ay be brilliantly expreffed| and we 
hiive too muqh fliaane to encourage the 
infamous, licentioufnefs of the literary 
blafpb^mer, who fbrnierl)r dared to 
crack his jeft. upon the divinicy. i ■ n 
This is a jefiaement of modem tafte $ 
but furely apcn to which morality has 
fuch oblig^ttonn ta it has to Dodor 
Goldfrnith^s, will not argxie that our 
refinement has been carried too, far} 
cr affirm, that jour.tafte becomes dfl- 
praved in prviportioii as we' maaifeil 
an averfioa to be profligate. 

The friend of humour will howe- 
ver fay, that there caa be no harm 
whatfoever in oireulating the univar- 
fill laugh, provided this hpgh is cir- 
culated with iottoceacei granted; but. 
furely a writtrr Who underukes the. 

Soft difficult, the moft noble tafk im 
e whole, circuit of literature, (hoald^ 
^pireto (amethin^ of a pofitive ex- 
cellence in: his work, and not (liel-. 
ter ItimXtlf . poorly . behind the ne» ; 

fativa 7 flMtr|t of bain|r eiitirely 
armlers.4«-«Xhe great end of the- 
ftage fhould be to mingle infbtiftida ; 
ki iuch a manaer with anuii^ 
meiit, u conftantly to intereft the < 
^po&fUors ia. thfe. joauft of vtrtqe^ 



H Theatre. 



Feb. 



aad abilities fi> exteniive as Dr. Gold* 
fmith's, are bnt meaal/ employed, 
when they labonr more eameftly to 
promote a f(nilb, than to advance the 
moft exalted purpo^ of humanity.— 
Dr. Goldfmitb has Ulents, he has extra- 
ordinary talents, and had he been lefs 
attached to the now almoft exploded 
dramatic writers of the laft century, 
he would doubtlefs have produced a 
work no lefs honourable to himfelf 
than advantageous to his country} 
but ,hit paflioA.for humour, has bwn 
too ftrong for bis |ood ien^, and he 
has carried his admiration of il to fuch 
aii extrava^hce, as fcarcely to ^ave 
a circumfbmce in his piece which can 
lay any uncjueftiottable claim to thts 
title of originality.' The charac- 
ter of Croidcer for inftanC^, and all 
the incidents relative to Leondna 
and Olivia he has bdrh>wed front Le 
Grondeur— The Good-n&t(ired Man, 
he has uken from Eii'Ami tout h momdi 
---Loftyy 1^4 every thing that relates to 
htm, from Limportmtt ae la reirr,<-4Iia 
bailiffs are to be found, and batctr 
drawn, ih Racine*s Les Piatdmrs } the 
fcene where th* Good-natured- Man 
efpoufes the diivrent opihiona of Mr* 
and Mrs. Groakek* is the dhly thing in 
Moliere*s L Avon m\Adti Fieldiaghas 
not tranllated i and the fcene where 4m 
foUdts Mifs Richland in favour of hit 
friend Lofty, will be fotttd in £r />t^« 
patmr by.Dr. Touche. 

Charafter aiid humonf aretndoQbt* 
ediy veryeffehtial liequSfttea in drama- 
tic tooipdition, where they itncreaio 
our amufement, or add to oir inftmc- 
tioni but the writer who thiakt llo- 
thing be^det tht(h two ingredienta* 
mt nece^ivry to fupport the reputation 
of his niece, will find himfelf mifithi* 
\oXj mmafcte^hea he fubmits it to the 
ferious confidciralion of the public.^—' 
Imuft again repeat, that mtftreft ts'the 
very effisnce of writing in this walk of 
literature-^ we cannot *ht ihHrO^ed' 
at a theatrical i^pfeftntntion, onlefs 
our paffions are a/ih^ed ; tfitt picture 
muft be lifeleft whicb 1^ not talctt^ 
lated to work nnon our hearts, and 
Sbakefpear hivhddf wiovM h» ibaheely 
fnperior to the nufchineft riiat con^ 
trives a pantomime, if an unnwaninr 
laogh was all lie mcctted {n his «iadw- 
tors, 

Havingi thna tonfideved t!)e Go6d^ 
Mtuted ItfaA, with Jtiin afttetttiott 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



ThI llRfYtSil TrfkATlLB: 



4768. 

tkadwi^ flMPUM pcHiafis hate ilMihi to- 
svmer of kit reptttattoa thm Dr. 
Gatdfnikh, ive fluU now tuako an pb-^ 
kmM ot tip» apoa the prologue^ . 
viBch if written by hu very Utmtd 
fiiead, Dr. Johnfim, et it hal been 
oentioBed with ttnciommoQ admiira^ 
tmbr t^ friends of iti fOfdy celei 
hntcd aether— ^Tis juftly remarked 
tbt norhiiig can erer be btautifbliA 
ifrioitt pieces of poetry wfaitbit not 
eridtotly founded opda good Anfe 1 
if tkis be the cafe, as we ai« apt to 
think it is» we are extremely apprt- 
henfite that the prolegne under our 
confiderttioB if m«re indebted to the 
dtinitioQ in which Dr. Johii(<Mi Is 
ttnif crfdly bdd, than to an eKtmordi* 
naiy merit which can be attributed 
to this particttlar performa0ce# In 
tbe firft places he endeavors to chaw 
acoopiriibn between tiie fituatibn of 
9 poet on the firft night his {^y b re- 
preieotcd, and the fituatimi of a eaa- 
dkhte for parlfamient at the time of 
a geaffsl dedion— *This« mihappOy 
(k 0o&or Johnfooy was recently done 
b]r aa aothor infinitely his inferior 
both ia erudition and abiKtieey in the 
fr(AfigattoiheWid9w^9Y(n fothat 
fie hh riot eten thir ckdm of origina- 
Ihrtobotfti and then at ftnr the good 
^k of bis little cempofition we beg 
leate to fabmit tt^to the cOnfidetmtioa 
Q^oorrtadM*^ 

Prti b7 tiie had 6f life, ^e weary mind 
^OTHp the geiieral toil of hnman kind | 
>rith coolfiibfflUEoa ioins the hOMMr. 

bgtim, 
Aad fecial forrow, lofet half ill pain t 
OaranxMorbard^ without OMUfuimy 

mav (halt 
Thh buftiing ieaibfi's ej^dentic ove. 
IJl^ Qsskft Pikyt» dignifyM by htt. 
Toft in one common ftorm with aH 

ihegrcail ' ^ 

I>STOahfce» thelbrtefikiattaad thewit, 
^'^heo one a borouxh conrta. and one 

thej^t 
Theblifycandidatesforpowtrandfamey 
^^^ hopes, and fears, and wiihes, toft 

thefaSei ' 

Diiabled bothtb cmnbat or to %v 
Moft heir aU tauhce asKi bear wttlroM' 
„«P*y. [their rage 

l^ochcckMenbot^ loud rabbles ^ent 
j^aoagreb bay^e laon in acaget 
Tb* offeiMled bm^ft faoBrds his ani 

^pyt»b .t«yr*ii» 

Fgribat hleft year lAmi aH that vot# 



6f 



Thdr fdiemef of fplte Itopoef s foee' 

difiniis [mayhife.^ 

Tin that glad night when ril that hatw 
This day the powdered curls and gbl«* 

dincoatf [^rote** 

Stye fwelling Cdfptn brg'd a cobler*a 
This night, oar wit, the pert i^pccn* 

tite cries* 
Lies at my feet, I hib him and he dies* 
The great, *tis true, can charm th^de6t«. 

ing tribe ; [bribe. 

The bard may fnpplicate, bat cannot 
Yet judffM by thole whoft Tcnces ne^^ 

were lold, [gold r 

He feels no want of Hl-iierfuading 
But confident of praift, if praffe be.dae« 
Trufts without fear, to merit and to you. 

Withooj^ remarking particolariy on 
the verfification of the foregoing pro-^ 
logne, whichi to fay the truth, is noc 
uncommonly excellent, we muft ki- 
treat the reader to tell us the meaning 
of it-^ In one place^ Dr. Johnfon, 
with a politeneft of a very extraordi* 
n«y nature, fays^ that on the poetaa 
wen as on the ftatefman 

L0iuLrabUij (thu h, the aodknce) 

As muMgrels bay tbg iim m m ri^. 
In another place iays the prologue wrK 
tert 

Tifbniibf, mr nuU^thi ftti ^iffftmkM 
criis 

And in a third place we are told, 

n^ great ^tk trui^ am thsrm th*ikS» 
ii^ tribe ; [bribe** 

Tbe hmd ma^fitppUcatet hm emmet 
From thefe paflages an onreflefting 
reader would be apt to think the poor 
poet in a very raifemblelltuatlon i and 
he might alio be apt to imagine ^tho 
Umi rabble f tbe pert apfrentiee^ and ac- 
knowledged poverty, very formidable 
enemies, for an author to entounter 
——But if we only go on a little far- 
ther, we ihall find our good natur*d 
apprehenfion is wholly without foun- 
dation, for their neither is a hudtah^ 
ble^ nor a pert apprentice t on the con- 
trary, tbe audience are the beft natnred 
people in the world $ and the h^ppy 
bard, fofar M>m wanting monciy to 
bribe with, is to be ■ ■ 

««'— JudgM by thofe #hOfe voices 
• «< ne*er weit fold, [gold, 

** He leeW no want of ill-perfuJ^ding 

. << But confident of praife, ifpraife be 

•• doe, [to you.'* 

^ ThilU wMicutfeari to merit, and 

For 



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fo' 



A<:C O UNT O F 



•^cb* 



': Fdrthctredftof Dr. Stmuel Johii^ 
fen, at»thor of the Rambler, we hope 
tiiat his^ name it only ufed at the 
bead of the prologne to:affiftthe £ile 
c^ the book ; and yet we fear this de- 
licious morfel is attually his writing} 
becanie had, it been happily other- 
wife, hit good fenfe would hare led 
ftimto diibwnit long fince by a pub- 
lic advecttfement. 

. Covent-Garden tbeatre» as well at 
^rury-Lane, fince the publication of 
jaur laft, has brought out a new per- 
formance ; The Covent-Garden piece ^ 
IS a comic opera, by the celebrated 
Mr. Btckerftaff, author of Love in a 
ViHage, which was performed on 
Tburfday the asth, with univerfal 
»pplau(e, and promiiet to be at great 
m favourite, wuh the town, at aay 
other production of that elegant wri- 
ter. The Drury-Lane Piece it a tra- 
gedy by Mr. Murphy» on the famous 
»ory of 2enobia, which hat given 
Crebillon fo 6ne a field for hia tra- 

fic powers, and furai(he4 Metafta- 
o with fo delightful a fubjea for an 
opera.— «— In jullice however to Mr. 
Murphy, we muft obferve, that he hat 
1^ borrowed a Angle circumftance 
from cither, and it will be but jufticc 
to inform our readers, that few mo- 
dern produdlions have met with more 
apprc^tion, or mor6 richly deferved 
it. 

A iti t% *■ ift A ^ -^ -• ■^- •^ -»■->--*■ -^ -*• -»>■ *■ -♦-♦- * -»■ ti A A 
^ ' V I' T T T T W T W T V T T '*" T ▼ T T T ■»"#■ ■*' 

Sami Account •f Lionel and Clarifla. A 
Comic Opera, 
PERSONS. 
Sir John FJowerdale Mr, Gibfou^ 
Colonel Oldboy ShuUr. 

Mr. Jctlamy Byor* 

Liooel Mattccksm. 

Harman Mabopn. 

Jenkins DnafieM^ 

WOMEN. 
Diana Mrs, Baker. 

aarifTa Mift Ma^kUn. 

Lady Mary Ojdboy Mrs. Grum. 
Jenny Mrs, Mentocks» 

fl^H E opera opens by a cooferpfice 
X at breakfaft, . at the ColoQert», 
i^etwecn bim^ Diana and Jenkint,-a 
faithful old fervant, and ftewand to 
Sir John, fent to requcft the favoorx^ 
the Colonel and hit lamily*t company, 
living at a mite or two diftant«r*^be 
Col. (an old rich siinorout wag, ai well 



at a claret toper, not over pteafed with 
his foh*« prodigality) is vaftly puffed 
up with the fprightlmeft of hit daugh- 
ter Dy^ and can fancy nothing but m 
dutee for hen— *Mr. Jeflkmy, fon t« 
the Colonel, broutrht up under the 
tuition of Lord JeSkmy, brother to 
Lady Mary, a gaeat beau ^1a imode i 
whofe quality, efhite, a^^name of 
Jeffamv, he fhUt heirte;— His father 
pr»po(et him to marry Clariiby a 
very amiable yomig lady— this vifit 
it intended to bring'mattert to a crifiSy 
bat ClarifTa flatlv n^ufet him, havims 
adready difpom of her affediont in 
favour of Lionel, a promifinj^ youth 
(upon a viilt from the nniverfityy 
and very ihidiout) fiipported and edu- 
cated by Sir John, and intended for 
holy ordert.— The beauty of thia 
foene fiairly ihewt the author of L«ve 
in a Village. After CUrifia hat de- 
clared her fentimcttts to Lionel » he 
mutually difeovert bit paflion without 
referve— hot, after rcfle6Kng What A 
diiappointment it would be to her fia- 
ther"* hopes, an^ how it would MaK 
the confidence put in him, intreatt 6f 
her to -accept of JefFamy s This i« 
overheard by Sir John. 

Lkmel, Sir John Flowerdale, Madam, 
it fuch a father as few are blefled with j 
his care, hit prudence, hat provided 
for you a trtatch. Veor refuGd ren- 
ders him inconfolable,- Liften to tio^ 
foggefHont^ that woofd penrert you 
from your duty, hut make the worttyl* 
eft of men happy by fabmilting to hi4 
will. 

Oa. How, Sir ! Af^er what pafled 
between uayafterday evening, can yoa 
advice me to marry Mr. Jeflamy f 

Zimti I wbbld advife you to marry 
anyone, Madam, rather thao a w- 
latn. ^' ' 

Cla, A villain, Sir? 

iMMil. I ihould he the worft of ^U 
laoM, Madam, waif I totalk to y&at in 
any other (train i Nay, am I noc n, 
viliain, at once treacherous aild m* 
gra^efnl ? Received into thit heufe mo 
an afylum} what have I done! Setrayod 
the confidence of the friend that trirfb- 
ed MM) codc a tf onr ed to iacrifiee hU 
pcaoe, and the honour of bit faavly, to 
myowa imwarrahtable (USir^, 

da. Say no waorti' Sir ; fky no itiorO| 
I fee my error too l^fbei I have parted 
from the rulet prefcribed to my fmx c 
I have mi^aken udecoruhi for a- laia J 



Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



17^. 



'Lion at and Clarissa; 



6S 



^^kiacerity $ aad it is fuft k ^louSd 
mm. mtth the trrarmmt my impra* 

Lmmd. *Tis I» and only I, am to 
Uanei while I to^ advantage of ^£i- 
tba'tkauity^ Ipra^iied apon theten- 
demek aod m^^enuity of the daughter; 
my omu imagiiiatioti msgont aftn^, 
I aftfioDy laboored to lead your's after 
it; B«t bcrey Madam, I give yoa 
bade, thofe yomt whkh I infidiou^ 
cxQifted €roBi yon } Keep them for 
fiMnc haw i cr man* who utaiy jeceive 
choB without wounding, hit hooon^ 
«rhispcace« 

Jenny,, a dntiful cfcatore* (fi^^vant 
10 danfla) haviog oome t* the hoow* 
ledge of her iniftreli^a jpaiBon for Liov 
ael i dropa foinc hintf to her oracle 
Jealantj which he informs Sir John 
ofi and occafioBS his oi^crbcaring tbea^ 
hawc ierioni* bnt heamifoi diak^e.-^ 
And, taking them at a little ncAipldi. 
M^Kes the .IbUowing principle^ of 
formide, Ip^yfoent fn^ the ienth- 
oKJttsof tbegenmiityof fond fiuherai. 
— ^After acfnainthig them be fa» 
overheard all X 

£r Joim. Am fat you, Clarifla, Unoe 
yov carfieft infiuicy, 3ron have known 
no parent hot mei I have been to 
yon, at once, both fiuher and mother^ 
aad, that I. might the better fulfil 
tkok united dotiei^ though lefta^wi* 
dower in the prime of my dm, I 
wonld never enter i|Mo a iecond 
aurriage. — I loved you for.- your Jtko^ 
aefii to your dear mother $ but that 
matfacr never, deceived me i ■ ■ and 
^lere the likeoeis faib ■ ■ y on have 
repaid my afie^on with diflimulation 
— J C uriflSi, yoa Ihonld have truh- 
cd aae. 

. ir Jahm» Am for you, Mr. Lionel, 
what terms can I £xid fkroof enough to 
paiat the cxceis of my friendlhipj — 
1 ioped, I efteemed, I honoured your 
£uhcr & He was a. brave, a generous, 
aad a iiaoere man ; I thought you in- 
beriscd his good qualit ie si- ■ ■ y on 
vere left an orphan, , I adopted you, 
put ypo upon the footing of my own 
ion i educated you like a geatkman i 
ixid die%oed you for a piolieffipn, to 
vhicfi, I thought your virtues would 
kave been an ornament. What 



raioni you have ttdidtmt, you feem 
ta be acquairtted' with youHelf $ and 
therefore I IbaU not repeat it w 
Vet remember as an aggravation - of 
your guilt, that th^ laft * mark of ray 
honncy was conferred upon you in the 
vety inftaat when yDu waft undermN 
ning mydefigns. Now, Sir, T hav% 
but one thing- more to fay to you*-^ 
Take my daughter. Was (ke worth a 
miUion, (fae.isatyour-fervice. ^ 

Then follows what we might expe^ 
Sir John proceeds ' 

Btr.yobfu You have not erred, my 
dear daughter, you ha^ diftingaiifh^k 
It is I ifaottld a(k pardon for this Httit 
trial of you ^ for I am happier iil 
the; fon^n-law yoa have gfvcn me> 
than if you had married a prince. ^ 
. i>iana having carried on a lecret cOfi> 
Jiei|iondeace with Harman, a youngef 
jbnof family f who followed het 
while in London t- ^ af^iiittftd exctiih 
comes to bar fathers, and hfTmuatikft 
-himfelf into his ^ood graces'} with a 
idea-^-that he ii hi love with 4 
young hMlyhard by, and the ftther 
«efules tor ceown their vAdies ; Thh 
colonel ioiiftsupon his ttiktMg a tri(s 
witb herti ol^iges him to make u(b of" 
hit poft^chaife, 4rtd write* a iMel* 
himftlf to the unknown lathet.WhTcll 
at laft proves to^be-histolonelflifp. 
I : [f9firee up9tt 9m$ier\ that tubicb nxm 
pwifiiwsreami^thr^tyaffi^tiptifi^^ 
dommoHt m mankind \ (>and gineraUj at^ 
Undid mntbfiieb faud cmfequences) fito 
/ hope thU ftrUdng ixamfU ^wffl bnve k 
-gwJeffta^ hy/brwing fbinbfkpdity ^k.^ 

Aiterwards the .yoangf Oon^ei its 
iiippofedi relent^ (but no^^^fon ex- 
prtSed to bethb occsfficm) return', 
•and .go to Sir }ohn% where they 
meet the Colonel^ Lady Mary (a pra- 
ting lady of faihion, whofe delicacy 
.can cocrefjiond vmh nobody but her 
AiaUow^brained fon) and Mr* Jeftamy. 
After a (hort dial<^ue the matter i» 
£urly rtoon^d by the intereft of Sir 
JohnFlowerdale $ and both parties art 
fuppofed to be happy though M^ 
Jefllamy ia ofiended. 

Upon the whole, this performance 
is Iklie inferior to the two well receiv- 
ed comic operas of Love in a Village* 
and The Maid of the MiU. 



• Sir John, M Jhart timi hftrtthis inStrviiWi tffvrt b\ma fmfdltjiaii bi hai 



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64 



Comhill-war4t9 njaitb 4m metwrmH 

BR0AD-STR£ET.W*ARD, it fb 
' call^l froiB that ftreet, which it 
^ part thereof* and before the fnre of 
London vas prohahly remarkable for 
ars breadth* It i^ bounded on the 
^aft and North, by ftihoprgat^rwardt 
on the Weft by Coleman-fieet-ward, 
and by Cornhiu*ward on the Sduth* 
The ftrec ti> knet , to. are fo clearly 
marHed in the pdao» at to need no 
fnumeradon here. In this ward are 
fyi churches } AUhallowt in the WaU» 
,$UFeter't,l6Poor» St: Martin's Out- 
wicht St. Eiemitft Filik» St. Barthoio^ 
jnew, Eychange, and 6t. Cbrifto- 
^her's. AUo. four balls, Tiz» Can* 
•penters, op> ^e South of London* wal^ 
PraperSft iit Throgmorton<rftcect$ JVlcr*- 
^ant-Taylors- haU, in Thread-needle^ 
. Jki^et, ^t\A Pinners^^all. The other 
principal ,pabUc buildings are^ th^ 
Bank of England, 6outh-iea houfit, 
^% chief Penny-roft ofiice, and the 
JPay -office. Of the churches, ' ^ 
X %4 AUballows in the Wall, is a ree- 
fory, in XM gift of the crown, and the 
Hhurdi one pf ihoft that efiaped the 
grpitfire in s^64. Valoetothe rec- 
1^, about %% \% per ann. Veftry, all 
Ihat have ftrved, or fined for, offices ) 
IwQ church wardens, «4J houfes* 
/Vugroeuution from St. George^a Bo- 
(olph Lane, and St Martin's Orgars, 
4L. per ann. each. 

2, Sts Peter's le Poor, in Broad- 
^reet, is a reffaory^ in the patronage 
,9f the deM and chapter of St. Paut% 
Value tp Jthe redo^ about 13d. per 
iinn. The. dturch cTcaped the fire of 
Lopdoni veftry general ^ two church 
wardens, 14.1 m>mes$ augmentation to 
.th^ pariih Qf^..Botolph's Aldgate ^ 
JOS. peirann. 

3. St. Martinis 0«l#ich, in Thread- 
«ieedleftreet, is a re^h>ry, in the par 
jtronage of t}m Merchant-Taylors 
company, value to . the incumbent 
/ibout 6oL^r oBH^ This church atfo 
^reaped th& <headfui fire of ii66. 



Atumtrf Broadftreet Ward. ]feK 

.Vetry general \ two churchwarden! } 



and about fifty hoities; Augmeniation 
to the pariih of St. Botolph's, AlderiL 
f^te, fix poui^perihui. 

4. St. Bennet Fink, in Thiead^nee- 
dleoftreet, is a curacv, and t donative 
jn the patronage pf tne dean and chap* 
ter of V^ndfinri. mdue to the cunte 
about I X 5!. per ann. The church was 
burnt in the fire of London, and (jnce 
beautifully rebuilt. Veftry general i 
two churchwardens, ^SiKxires. Aor- 
snMirarion to St. Botolph's Aldgate «. 
^os. per ann. ' . 

5* St. Bartholomew, Exchange, is 
ftredory> in the g^ of the crown, 
and the church, being deftiyiyed in the 
great fire of 166^, wu handibmelv re- 
tbuiU. Valoe to the redor about 
4ilol. per ann. Veftry general} two 
•chttrchwardenst ia4ltouies. Ai^gmcn- 
udon to the pariih of St. Andrew's 
Wardrobe xeL par ann. 

• 6^ St. €hriftopber% in Thread- 
jicedle^ftreet, is a reAory, in the gift 
i»f the bifliopaf London, value to the 
jnftor about %fA\. p?" ann. Veftry 
general } two churchirardens, ^x 
ioiifea. Auemeaiation to the parQh 
of St. BoColpbVBlQMipigate, fix pounds 

Srano. The church isaa darned 
the fire of London^ .but was weU 
iiepairad and beaotified. 
..This ward his aa alderman, bia de- 
:pu^, nineodurnmunon-coiKicthnen, 
ten 4onftablea,^ eight icatieiigerst fchir* 
-Ifitil wardmote; hqpqueftmen/ aofla bea- 
41ei .The; prelent aldermaii ia Sh 
ThomaaiUwliaibn, knt. the deput) 
.Mr. Henry Kent) the other Vooimon- 
councilmens MeflV John Cotterel, 
Jknj. Bonnet^ John. Ellis, Jofaw6te< 
phens. Ret. Nich. Frifquet, Nath 
J^rrou^,' Rtehard Wkid(br, Francu 
JMagnos, and John Poultni^. 

This ward if taxed to the fiftoentl 
an London, at a/l. in the Exche^uei 
.»5l. Tbe- juryman' returned - by th< 
•Wardmote inqueft, ferve in the (eve 
(ral courts in- Guildhall, in Auguft. 

There watch, <every night, at tht 
ftands in this ward, a conftable, th< 
beadle and thirty watchmen. 
iCotHbiU-WMni in §Mr ffftr/«l 



.THi 



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f76S: 



The Hiftory of die laft Scffion of Parliament^ (^c. 

fhtHifhfj wftbe Sefim tfFmrTttmtift tvhitb h^an Nov. if, tySS^ hting tbtfixth 
S^tm tftbe ^^eftb PdrJuuiiefrt ^/'Gi^t-Britain, 'uritb an Accmnt ofaUtbe wa» 
itriai ^mfiiffms therein determined^ and tftbe PUitieal Dijputes thereby 9Ccafiom4 
mnfhnm I>dtrs, Cmetimudfivm p. 24. 



ON ttoc «7th ©f May the bill wa< 
rca<i a fecoiui time attd cofnmit- 
ttd to a cornxnittee of tbe w|iole hcmfe. 
Or tlw s<^ ^ Jon^ *^ ^o^^ refolred 
ideif into the faid committeey went 
through the bill with fereral amettti* 
■fini» and ordered the report to be 
ihca receivtfct, whkh it accordingly 
«■§, nod the hitt with the amend- 
acftta waa ordered to be printed. On 
the iMi« die bill was read a third time, 
piftd, and Mr. Onflow was ordered 
10 carry it to the lords, and defxre 
their co t orr en ee, which their lord- 
Ihipt were pleafed to s^rant without 
any amendment, and 'it received the 
rml aflent by commiflion on the 29th 
at Jvne. 

On tha S4lh of May leave was 
^vcn ta bring in a biN for the far- 
Char quieting and eftabltfliing corpo- 
satiofits and for rendering more 
fpecdy and elTeSfaal proceedings in 
writs of Qiip Warranto, and informa- 
tiaas in natnre of a Qj^o Warranto, 
and proceedings in writs of Manda- 
aoa ; and (iereral learned lawyers, to* 
gether wkh Lord George Sackv^le, 
w&c ordered to prepare and bring in 
the iame. What was the deficp of this 
bOI does not appear, but fiicli a num- 
ber of hard names, I fuppoTe, alarmed' 
the gentlemen of the houle; therefore 
on tbe third of Jane, after the bill 
bad been prefented, read a fecond' 
ttxaCf and committed to a committee 
of the whole houfe, it was refolded, 
that this Itoafe will, on this day three' 
months, reiblve itfelf into a committee 
of the whole boa(^ upon the faid bill : 
la the mean time, that is to fay, on 
the sSth of May, there was leave given 
to bring in a bill for regalating the 
praceedingt of public companies and 
an^x»rations, trading with joint ftocks, 
in the dfcs therein to be mentioned ; 
and that Mr. Dyfon, Mr. Chancellor 
of the Exchequer, and Mr. Jackfon, 
do prepare, and bring in the fame. 
Oathe 1 4th of June Mr. Dyfon prc- 
fented the bill to the houfe, when it 
wa< read a firft tini;e| and ordered to 

Feb. 176!. 



be read a fecond time, which It ani 
on the 1 5th, and committed to a com* 
mittec ot the whole houfe ; after vhich 
it paifed through both houfes in conK 
mbn courfe, and on tbe 29th of Jana 
It received the royal alTent by commit 
£on, being now intitled. An a^far re^ 
jrulating the proceedings of certaiii 
public companies and corporationa 
carrying on trade, or dealings, with 
joint ftocks, in relpe£l to the declaring 
6f dividends ; and for further regula- 
ting the qualification of members^ for 
Toting in their refpe^ve genend 
courts. 

I fliall therefore, becaufe of the con* 
nefHon, give a (hort abftrafl oftheia 
two afts together, beginning with tha 
liaft as being the moft general ; the pre- 
amble of which fets fortb,^ that by vir* 
rue of divers a6ts of parliament, and 
of royal charters founded thereupon^ 
Certain public companies, or corpora^* 
tions, have been inftituted for the pur- 
l^fe of carrying on particular trades 
or dealings with joint ftocks ; and tha 
management ot the affairs , of fuch 
comoanUs has been vefted in their ge« 
nerai courts, compoled of the mem- 
bers at large of fudi companies refpcc- 
tlvcly ; in which general courts every 
member, pofte/Ted of fuch ihare in the 
ftock of the company as in and by the 
faid a6):$ and charters is limited, is 
qualified and intitled to give a vote or 
VoUs : And it further fets forth, that 
of late years a moft unfair, and miC* 
Chievous pra^ice has been introduced, 
of fplitting large quantities of ftock^ 
and making feparate and temporary 
conveyances of the parts thereof, for 
the purpofe of multiplying, or making 
dccafional votes, immediately before 
the time of dedanng a dividend, of 
chufmg directors, or of deciding any 
other important quellion j which prac- 
tice 18 fubvcrfive of every principle up- 
on whieh tbe eftabliChment of fuch e?- 
neral courts is founded \ and if (uf- 
fered to become general, would leave 
the permanent intertit of fuch comp:!^- 
nies liable at all times to be iacrifice^ 

1 to 



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6^ The History of the laji Scflion ?f Parliament. T€b. 



to #ie partial and interefted views of a 
few, and thofe perhaps temporary pro- 
prietors, therefore it is enacted, that 
prom the firft of Auguft. 1767, no 
inember of any of the faid companies* 
Ar corporations, (hall be deemed qua- 
lified, or admitted to ^ive any vote* 
in any general coiirt of iuch company* 



with this reftri6tion» that it (hall not 
be lawful for any generaV coort of the 
faid company, at any time between the 
8th of May, 1767, and the bej;inniag 
of the next fe(fion of parliament* to 
declare, orrefolve upon, anyiftcreafe 
of dividend beyond the rate of sol. 
per cent, per annvm^ being the rate at 



in refpeft of any ftock transferred to which the dividend for the half year» 



6im after the faid firft of Aueuft, un 
fif he (hall have been pofTeflcd thereof 
lix calendar months; unlefs fucb 
ftock (hall have been acquired, or 
lb ail have come by bequeft* or by 
Inarriage, or by fucceflion to an in* 
tcftate's eftatc, or by the cudom of 
London, or by any deed of fetttement 
iifter the death of any perfon who (hall 
have been intitlcd for life to the divi- 
dends of fuch (lock.-— That the rc- 
fpe£Hve oaths and affirmations requir- 
ed to be admin illered to, or taken by, 
toemberr, at or before giving their 



ending the a4th of June* 1767* itnaade 
payable. 

^ Although I have given a very par* 
ticular ab(b-a& of the iiril of tbcfe 
two laws* yet I hope no gentleman 
will think it tedious* if he ooniklers 
that there is now above (ix millions m 
year of the property of Bnti(h rubie6frffy 
or their friends abroad* that muR for 
the future be dire6^ed in its mana^- 
ment by thefe two (hort and intelligi- 
ble Uws ; for by the la(t (bte of the na^ 
tional debt * it appears, that there wa« 
then, 4,707,213 1. growing due yearly 



votes, (hall, from and after the i ft of for paying the intereft of our pablt« 



Auguft, 1767, be altered in fuch man- 
ner as to extend to, and comprize the 
further qualification required by this 
fl6l, in refpeft of the continuance of 
the po(reflion of fuch ftsck ; and the 
^id oaths and affirmations, fo altered* 
(hall be adminiflered to* and ta- 
ken by the membert of fuch com- 
panies* in the place of thofe here- 

^fore required. That from and 

after the loth July, 1767* no decla- 
ration of dividend (hall be made by 
any general court, other than one of 
the half yearly or quarterly general 
courts, at the diftance of five calen- 
dar months at the lead from the lad 
preceding declaration of a dividend ; 
;(nd no declaration of more than one 
half yearly dividend (hall be made by 
one general court j and no queftion 
upon any propo(ition for increaiing the 
rate of the dividend, (hall be decided 
otherwifc than by ballot, taken at the 
diftance of three entire days, at the 
I'eaft, from the adjournment, cr break- 
ing up of the general court in which 
fuch queftion mall have been propofed. 
After having glvien fo full an ab- 
ftiTift of this general law for regula- 
ting all fuch companies and corpora- 
tions, I (hall only add, with regard to 
the a6t for regulating the Ealt-India 
company, that much the fame regula- 
tions were eftabliflied for the future 
government of that company, witii on- 
ly a little variaiion as to timev* 'and 



debts, and if to this we add the in- 
creafed dividends payable to the Bank 
proprietorv, and ~the trade and India 
revenues of our Baft India companj^ 
the whole muft amount to at leaft » 
millions a year. If we con(ider that 
the whole of this immenfe property 
muft belong to perfons who re(ide ia 
or about London, or who have their 
agents or factors refiding here, wa 
may eafily account for the vaft increaTc 
of the cities of London and Weftroin- 
fter within thefe laft thirty or forty 
years. 

Early in this fefTion of parliament, at 
well as fome of the former, fevcral of 
our cities and boroughs began ta 
amufe the ftarving poor with, figning 
petitions to parliament* reprefentingf 
the great diftrefs to which the poor 
were reduced by the high, price of 
provifions. The(e petitions were at 
hrft referred to the com committee, 
but afterwards on the Z9th of Novem- 
ber, it was refolved, that the houia 
would, on the Monday following, re- 
folve itfelf into a committee of, the 
whole houfc, to condder of the pHefent 
high price of provifions* On the 
aSth of January Sir Jofeph M.Twbcy 
moved, and it was ordered, that it 
might be an inftru^lion to the (aid 
committee that th?y do confider of 
the prefeiit high price of foap and can* 
dies i and ou the 5th of Febniai*/ 
the hou/e agreed to the following le- 
• folutiva 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Iblution of the faid commUteey That 
the iiaportatioa of tallow ; hog's ]ard« 
9nd greaie , be allowed for a limited 
tine* free of dutv ; apon which refo- 
Jotion it was ordered, that a bill be 
brought in^ and that Mr. Cooper and 
Sir Jofeph Mawbey do prepare and 
bring in the iaose. 

The next day Sir Jofcph Mawbey 
tNreicntod to the hooli: a bill to difcon- 
tinve, for a time to be limited, the 
d«ttes payable upon the importation of 
un«w, hog^« lard, and greafe ; when 
it was read a drtt time, and ordered to 
be read a /econd time $ after which it 
pafied through both houfes in com- 
aK>a cour(e, and received the royal 
aBeBt on the xyth of February. 

On the 4th of May, the houfe, ac- 
cording to order, refolved itfelf again 
into the (aid committee of the whole 
houfe, to coniider further of the pre- 
sent high price of provifions, and came 
to feveral refolutions, which were re- 
ported next day and agreed to, as fol- 
low s ift. That all forts of falted meat 
and butter be allowed .to be imported 
•for a limited time free of duty. sd. 
That the importation of rice, fago 
powder, and vermicelli, from an^f of 
BIS majefty^s colonies in America, in- 
to Great Britain, be admitted, for a 
limited dme, free of duty i and then 
it was ordered, that a bill or bills be 
brought in upon the (aid refolutions ; 
and that Mr. Onflow, the Lord Clare, 
Mr. Garth, Sir William Meredith, 
Mr. Edmonftone, and Sir Eilis Cun- 
liflPe, do prepare and bring iq the 
iime. 

May II, Mr. Onflow prefen ted to 
the houfe according; to order, a bill for 
aHowiog the free importation ofialted 
meat and butter^ iiito this kingdom, 
for a time to be limited, which was 
Tt^d a firft time, and ordered to be 
read a fecond time ; and at the fame 
time he prefented to the houle, ac- 
cording to order, a bill for allowing 
'the free importation of rice, f^go 
powder, and vermicelli, into this 
mmmdom, from his majefty^s colonies 
in North America, for a time to be 
limited, which was then read a fir ft 
time, and ordered to be read a fecond 
time. This bill paiTed foon after- 
wards through both houfes, and re- 
ceived the royal aflent on the soth of 
May. Bat as to the other biH, when 
the order of the 4»y for the itcoad 



iaji ScQion of Parliament; 67 

reading of the fame was read, a mo- 
tion was made, and the a£l of the 5th 
of his prefent majeftv, chap. I. was 
read, by which our fellow fubjcds of 
Ireland were obliged to pay the fait 
duty on any falted meat, or butter, 
they imported here, and it was juftly 
deemed hard to allow foreign ik\ttd 
meat or butter to be imported duty 
free, whilft they were obliged to pay 
fuch a heavy duty. However our ztii 
for the relief of the poor got the better 
of this folecifm in politicks, and the 
only remedy that could be thought of 
was an alteration of the title, in the 
committee, by calling it a bill to al- 
low for a limited time, the free impor- 
tation of (alted meat and butter into 
this kmgdom, from any place except 
Ireland} under which title the bill 
paifed, with fome difficulty, through 
the houfe of commons, but their lord- 
fhips, it feems, did not think fit to put 
fuch a mark of diflin6lion upon our 
fellow fubjefls of Ireland in any bill 
pafTcd by them. 

Thus we fiod, that in this fefnoit 
the committee for inouiring into the 
high price of proviuons, had done 
more towards the relief of the poor, 
than had been done b^ all the com- 
mittees upon this fubjed, ever fmce 
this dilh-efs firft began to'be complain- 
ed of; and if they had included, in- 
ftead of excepting the (alted meat and 
butter of Ireland, I am perfuaded tho 
iords would have pafTed that bill 1ike« 
vrlfe : I know indeed, that there aro 
two maxims which our minifters are 
always obliged to have a particular 
regard for, the firft of which is to a- 
void doing any thing that nlay incroach 
upon that facred fund appropriatetl to 
the payment of our debts, and the e^- 
tindUon of our taxes» and the next is 
to avoid doing any thing that may 
oblige our landholders to lower tho 
high rents, to which they have been 
enabled of late years to rsufe the rents 
of their land e^tes, by the monbpoly 
that has for fo many years been efta- 
blifhed in their fovour^ but when the 
people have been by accident brought 
into anv remarkable diilreft, it is tho 
duty or miniftcrs to run the ri(k of 
ftriking a bold ftroke for their reHef, 
and, if upon this occafion, they had 
included the (alted meat and biirter of 
Ireland, the deficiency of the faltdutr 
fund might baTt| for tath » fnMiI 

I ft iimnbif 



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68 The HisToiiy cf tbt kft Scflioriy^ Parliament . Fctj. 

parliament^ upoi> any ^ooda or merr 
chandizes brought^ or imported into^ 
or •xportedy or carried from, any Bri» 
ti(h cotooy, or plantation, in Ameri* 
pa, may from time to time be put un- 
der tbe managiement and dire6Uoii of 
fuch commiflioners, to refide in Ui^ 
faid plantations, as hit majeHy, bif 
}ieirs, and fuccf ifort, by commiffion^ 
under the great feal of Great Briuin, 
jQball judge to be moft for the advan- 
tage of trade, and fecurity of the ror 
venue pf the faid Britifh colonies. 

By the fecond claufe it is enabled, 
that the commiflioners fo appoiated^ 
or anjr three Or more.of thtro, (hall 
have the fame powers and authpritiea 
for carrying into execution the laws 
relating to the rewnues and trade of 
the (aid colonies, as were before tx^r^ 
cifed by the commifHoncrs of the cuf- 
tomt in England. And it ^lall be law- 
ful for his majefty, &c. in fuch com- 
niiffions to make proviiion fpr putting 
in executtion the feveral laws relatinar 
to the cuftoms and trade of the iai4 
colonies. 

And by the laft dabCe it is €na£led» 
that all deputations and other autho- 
nticf granted, or to be granted, by 
thecommifiionert of cuftomt in En^- 
land, before any commiflion (hall iflue 
in purfuance or thia a6^, (hall conti- 
nue in force, until the faid depata.- 
tioof, and ochcc authorities, (hall b« 
revoked or made void, by the high 
treafurer of Great Britain, or cpmr 
mifltoners of the treafury for the tiiM 



nuo^l^r of y<ars been lyiadt |Ood out 
pf the Sinking FMpd, by whjch they 
vvould have faved that snvidipua dif^ 
tinftion that appeared upon^the title of 
their bill, as it ^u fent up to the other 
boufe. 

With refpc^^ to tlie other two bills, 
that h .d the good fortune to be paire4 
into laws, th&y ufed more free<Jom in 
this fefTion than had been ufual in for- 
mer fcffions, for tHe duties upon the 
import.ttion of taUow, hogs. lard, and 
grcarc,we^*e.to b^difcontjnued from tbe 
asth of March, 1767, for three years, 
and from thence to the end of the next 
fe/Tion of parliament; and the free 
importation of ricei fago powder, and 
vermicelli, into this kingdom from our 
northern colonies,* was to be allowed 
from the ift of December, 1767, to 
the ifl of December, 1781. 

I (hall now give an account of that 
remarkable att which enables his ma- 
}e(ly to put the cuftoms and other du- 
ties in the Briti(h dominions in Ame- 
rica, and tbe execution of the laivt re- 
lating to trade thece, under the ma- 
nagement of co»pmi0ionert to be ap- 
pointed for that purpoie, and to be 
refident in the (aid dominiona* la 
the preai^ble of this a^^ the many in-' 
conveniei^cies of bavins this, at it 
was formerly, under the (ble direc- 
tion of tiie commiiTioneri of the cuf- 
toms here in England, are fully iet 
forth. Tt^eif bad been long felt, and 
often complained of both in England 
nnd America, but no minifter ever 
before thought qf applying a r«^y» 
ih^^u ofi Jane the 1 ft it waa mov- 
ed, and leave giyen to bi;ing in a bill, 
to enable bis majefty to put tbe cu^ 
toma, 4pc. and it was ordered th;^ 
Mr. Thomas Town(hend. Junior, Mr. 
ChM^ellor ^ the Exchequer, Mr. On- 
Hovr, Mr. Fryie Campbell, Mr- At- 
foroey Oei^gral, Mr. SolUcttor Gene- 
til, i/fsp Cooper, and XIr. Paterfon, 
4q picfarct ai^ bring i|i the lam^. 
1^ tbe )d t^e ViU «ir^ prf (^ntad tp 
ihf bouJB by Mr. Cooper, when it 
:4iiM rtfid a «rft cime, and o^rdered tp 
lU •read a fecond time \ after which it 
f«i(r(i4 ^rpY^ hpth bouiea in comaion 
jcoor^, #na.p9 ^^ sotH qi June it 
MMyed tbt 4poy|u #flent by oommif- 
4on. 

Sv tbt £rft ^\4ft of tbii iw, it is 
•naemb tbat tbt oUtoQia and other 
4iiii0t ii«g0M.t»y IW.^ or a^of 



.beinjgi 

This is the fubftahce of this impor* 
tant law, and as all Uws are good or 
bad according to the methods after- 
wards taken for carrying them intp 
execution, if tbe executib|> of tlni 
law (hoold be put into propcx hands» 
and the produce of the American r^ 
VflQue duly applied to the adminiftr;^ 
tion of government, and diftribution 
of iuftice, in that country, byofhceca 
and iudges fettled and refiding thcr^ 
it mvift prove of great advajntage t^ 
Great 9ritain as w^l as onr, coloaiee. i 
but if tbe Ameriqin revenue ibqul4» 
like the Iri(b revenues, t>e cfnver^eil 
and made a fund (or pen(ions |o court 
favonrites re(iding in England* or 
any where but in America and gei^ 
tlemen aj>pointed commifliojaert pf thu 
cuftoms in America, only to jntitlo 
tbem to ri ccifc their (pjar^ev <^ ^.^ 

dcfigoed 



X 



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lyis: 



Hbogficoa-liall AefiriUJL 



-69 



4c%ard liir*wl|I Ibqn inbijill ottr eolo» 
BJes by ftrippiag tkem of every eoact 
of fold or mvefj as £&ft» k li^m to 
•pfeir amoiig them. 

[Tf U^rwmmwed or av jvjxi.] 

firflir ExtraSs fnm A fix Weak# 
Tour through the Tout hem Co»Dti«e 
o(EmglaMiizadlf^nla. 
" 'TmE countiyaromid Rainheni, the 
X ieat of Lord Tow&ihead b rkh 
udiaely cttltivrntedf and thefituattonof 
tbehooley the perk, end the wHert tery 
(kteble: The boildiiiffitielfM rather 
io the ftileof an exceadiagesod iMbr* 
table hoofcw than a magmScent one. 
Bitf the £inioiis pi^re of Betifiurins, 
h^ ftUeetor Roia, hat aoce exprcflion 
ID it, than aey naieting I think I ewer 
iaw. Aik to fee htJy Townftendrt 
^rcfittg room I it is fanulhed with 
priate, teck wkh much tiAr on b 
grttn paper* 

The firft app earanc e o£ Hon^itony 

tht celebrated feat of the earl of Orv 

fcird, boik hy Sir Robert WalpolO) it 

thjt of leveral very negnifioent plan- 

titkms winch forround it tterf way. 

In the road from Syderftone they a^ 

pear, I think, to the greateft adran- 

t^ : They are (een to a great extent; 

with opealngt left jodicionflj in maiMr 

pbcet to let in the view of more dA 

tiAtwoodti which chenget the fliadet 

aad giwet tliemthatfi^eatn browsneft, 

which haa alir^rt n Tery great eSeSL 

The flatneft of tlM conntry^ bnwtefei^ 

ii a circtwntince» which, tnftead of 

ictting themetf; end nnking them e^ 

pear Urg«r than they realfy are^ givet 

them a dicmnotive air» in oompiTifen 

to the number of acret rcafly planteds 

For were thcie raft id^BtattoBt dtfpo- 

fed i^toD ground with -gnat ioeqnati- 

tKs 9f furface, fach at nillt rifing one 

above another, or eaft ilonet ftretcbing 

laey to tbe rig|it and left, they 

vnnid appenr to he ahnoft bonndlefi , 

md fliew terenty timet the extent they 

dtJCprefent. Thewoodt, which ajie 

^ttB^am tbe fi>nth front of the houfe, 

Of planted with great iadgment, to 

irmwif tiie d^Mt of the couatry^t 

^nc6f for tbey are £> difpoicd, at 

a appear one beyond another, in idif- 

inaetiafleey to a gveat extent . 

la the facmie you enter, &ft, the 
pvihall, ncsbeof forty^eeti which, 
U aa the proportion it, is cot^iidya 
toy noble room i Vet one would ima- 

4 



gine the asdikeft pnrpoM to deftroy 
Iheeffaft of fo large an one, by ftickr 
\nf dnee quaitert around iti whit it 
MM a gi^ery t— — k it. a hakony 
INiihed out in defiance of grace, ele>- 
ganoe, or proportion. Oppofite the 
chimney it an exceeding fine caft of 
Che Laocbon. From the hall you en- 
ter the faloon ; which, but for height, 
would be one of the fined roomt in 
ehe world. It it forty by thirty i and 
ibrty hif ht which it txc^vely jout of 
proportion. To the left you turn in- 
to a drawing-room, tfairtj by twenty. 
one, hung with a yellow damaic* 
Out of that into the bhie daroaik bed- 
^larober, twenty-two and a half by 
twenty-one and a half. Then into a 
/very imall dreiEng-room, and next a 
iiniul dofet, out of which yon enter 
.the library, twenty-two anci a half by 
twenty»one and a half, which leadt to 
the dining parlour, thirty by twenty- 
^ooe, and that opent into the hall} fo 
^onefideofthehouiett taken up with 
the foreeoinj; apartmenu. The other 
fide of Uie (Soon it another drawin^- 
.room, called the Carlo Maratt room, 
from being oovered with pidoret by 
that mafter, thirty by twenty-one* 
.Out of which yoo enter the J^een vei- 
Yet bed-chamber, then a dreffing-room 
rtwenty-one and a, half by eighteen, 
then another bed-chamber the fimie 
ifiae) next the dibinet, twen^-two 
umd a half by twenty-one and a half 
.^f^hkh leadt into the marble parlour 
thirty by twenty-One, and it exceed-^ 
ingly elegant, one fide being entirely 
«of white marble ; and thit concludet 
th^ right hand fide, opening into the 
hall. 

Having thut mn through the roomt, 
I ihould tell you that the/&/rt^«^, for 
•iaftance, doort, dtoor-caiet, windows, 
and cornices, &c. Ac. it at ma^ nifi- 
cent at you can conceive and in at 
great a ftile at any fii^e room in Eng- 
land :.LaA1y, let me add that the coU 
leftion of pt^hiref which omamentt 
jthem it moft ^indoubtedly the firft in 
England, after the royal one. I made 
•a lew minutet of what ilruck me moft 
at I viewed chera, and here they fol- 
low I I fubmic them to your candour, 
-not at the criticifms of a connoifleur, 
but the mere exprefiion of my feelingi, 
• without any reeardto names or repu- 
itationt* i fiiallnot mention one ^iiar- 
ter of the pictures 1 an omifilon of no 
confequence. 



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JO Paintings at 

no cohrequence, ts the very ingentmis 
Mr. Horace Walpole has publifhed « 
complete catalogue of them. Many 
of the capital pieces are in what it 
called the pi6lure gallery, which was 
the green-houfe $ it is ia on« of the 
wings. 

Rembrant. His Wife. The hands 
and face moft inimitable. The clear 
obfcure wonderfully fine.— Abraham*! 
Sacrifice. The head of Abraham very 
{;reat. The mixture of grief, piety, 
and awe, finely pourtrayed , nothing 
•an exceed it: and the lights and 
ihades admirable. 

Rubens. Mary Magdalen wafhin^ 
our Saviour's Feet. Her figure moS 
inimitably coloured, particularly the 
head and the tears. The beads of the 
old men vaftly fine, and of a noble 
gufto. This piaure is as different from 
Kubens^s common pieces, as he him- 
felf was fuperior to the lowefl dauber. 

Titian. Simeon and Child. His 
head exquifite, and the air wonderful* 
ly fine. 

An. Carrach. Virgin and Child. 
The child a very difagreeable figure. 
The head appears to me badly drawn. 
. — Venus, The colouring difagreeable 
and witiiont foftnefs or delicacy s The 
drawing admirable. 

Morellio. A(I'4mption. Air of the 
virgin's head, beautiful and graceful. 

Carlo Maratt. Virgin teachinj^ a 
Boy Jefus to read. Air of the Virgin's 
head, the child, the colouring, grace, 
and clear obfcure, beyond all praife: 
Moft fvfcctly delicate and gracefo).— • 
. Virgin and St. Jofeph. The colouring 
. very difagreeable. <r-Chrift'a Sermon on 
the Mount. The figure of Chriil with- 
out dignity or expreflton. 

Pooflin. Holy Family. Drapery 
very good, particularly the Virgin's— 
the limbs feen through it. 

Vandyke. Rubens's Wife. A moft ce- 
lebrated pi^ire : But not an agreeable 
one: What ftrikes me moft are the 
hands and arms, which are finer than 
any I ever beheld : The drapery it 
likewife admirable. 

P. da Cortona. Chrift in the Gar- 
den. Air and expreffion of the head 
admirable. i 

Dobfon. Two Heads. The expref- 
fion of the faces wonderfully fine. 

Velafco. A pope's Head. Amazing- 
- \y cxprtl&fc : £very Uju of the face 



Houghton;; ' tth. 

exquhit^ly painted— -l^eatfa of Jofeph* 
Exeeeding fine heads. 

Vanderwerf. David and Abt(ha|i 
The cotouriag and finifhing of tins 
piece'is beyond defcription< Abilhag't 
naked body is inimitably done. Such 
a foft delicacy of ftefh. To raach bri|fat- 
nefs of clear obfcure, and fuch a height 
of fiailhing as exceeds any thing of 
the kind I ever met with. Bathdieba's 
face is extremely expreflive and finely 
painted. In David there is a great 
JFault 3 his f^ce is that of an old maa, 
but the naked of his body is <]uitc 
youthful, without thofe (hx>ng lines, 
and mufcular traces which appear fe 
finely in painting. 

Mola. Cocles. Nothing can be fi« 
ner than the attitude of Cocles. 

Quin. Matlis. Ufurer and his ^W\St\ 
full of that vaft expreflion, ufuai in 
this mafter's pieces: The penury in 
their countenances is admirable. 

Bourdon. Two women j very dif- 
agreable. 

Guido. Confultation of the Elders, 
The iineft piaure in the colle^ioa. 
The colours, clear obfcure, dtfpofitio« 
of the figures, expreffion of the coun< 
tenanccs and airs of the heads of the 
old men, beyond all defcription. Th4 
whole is fo wonderfully fine, that of)4 
oaniTot quickly leave off viewing it.— 
Adoration. The delicacy of the boi 
beyond expreflion. The old man*' 
head on the right fide exceedingly 
iine, and \'ery much in the ftile of tha 
in the Confultation, under the Virgin 

Dominichino. Virgin and Child 
The colouring difagreeable, with ni 
brightnefs \ butthc attitude inimitable 

L. Carrach. Chrift in the Sepulchre 
The dead body very expreflive, be 
nothing of the clear obfcure \ ligi 
ftrangely diffufcd. 

Salvator Rofa. Prodjgal Son. Pre 
digious expreflion. Jf a Dutch mania fa 
he will make you ohferve the ra^i 
fhirt. The whole picture if amazing] 
fine. 

In rov way from Houffhton t» tl 
iea coait, by Hunflon, £c. I foui 
much barren land, or rather raputei 
ly barren \ for a r^ly barren fbti 1 < 
not believe exifta in any large quani 
ties; the Norfolk iiBproven mig 
-turn thefe tracks of warren and Ihee 
.walks into profitable farms. One 
the gremeft improvemeiitt in % 

coum 



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I7M. 



Elegant Improv kments. 



7« 



•ptutry if Mr. Curtts^t farm qf Som- 
ncrfieid, belonging to Mrs. Htnhy 
•f Bodottg, It confi&s of £500 acres 
of bod, a& gained from (beep- walks; 



croff the ftream and pafi alon^ ita 
winding b^nks to the grotto, which i^ 
very prettil}r oontri? ed out of a boat* 
by cu^tin^ it in halves and Bidng it 



udirbicb now is regularly inclofed' together with a little addition. It it 



ud yields inmenre crops of corn : In- 
ibnucb that this farm has been men* 
tioaed u (be beSt in Europe. The 
rest is (aid to be very fmaU, and the 
produce exceeding great, the profit 
azy therefore be e^fity conceived, 
Tbe bome-ftall is woith your view'mg 
if you travel this country : It is pret- 
tiif plantedj and very neat. Nor 
voaU I have any one leave this part 
of the coantr; without employing a 
km boars in viewing the environs of 
Docking, Mn . Henley's feat. ■ ■■■ 
The plantacions, though fmall, are in 
s very preny tafie. Her tempk is 
H^bt and elegant, and well placed, 
botii for commandiog a tine view of.the 
coitttrj, and alfo as an objc^ in fight 
of tbe hoBfe. The hermitage is as 
pretty a thiog as any thing of the 
kind that I have ieen. It is a little 
c^tage of two roonw, iituated in one 
of her plantatioiia of (hr^ibi and firs. 
T^£ firft room is «valled with oyfter« 
dielh, tbe. whiu iide outwards, and 
t^ broom edges filed ofF$ the pave- 
vcDt of clean fmall pebblfs 1 the chim* 
■cyfiece of grotto (bell-work. The 
cehns is papmd, and at one ead is 
^ bermit's bed, a boarded one 
PKoted, leith paiiited canvafs curtains. 
Tbe^ber room as waipfcotted with 
Tery curioas old carved wainfcot, of 
Ifary the Sevcnth^s rei^, -and the 
<iclJB{, ice, decorated in a ruftic 
v^^oner, with (crolls and feftoons of 
^•vted, deal ihaviogs, and painted 
rapes in agothic, but very, neat tafte. 
Prom D<^kiag J proceeded to Soet- 
^^am, the feat of Nicholas Styleman, 
^'q« where Mrs. Styleman has formed 
^)ae exceeding pretty plaolationSi 
^?rticB*arly thole .upon a ft ream, which 
^ calif. NcMF. bridge and Catherine's- 
'"iawi : This ftream is managed with 
!'&: tafte ; naturally it is,oo|y a ditch, 
■^ vbtre ihis lady has improved it» 
^ n a winding $ream pt clear water, 
•^ the greatfft ornament to her plan- 
^ioQs. Oaone part of its banks (he 
^»» a very ne;at circular, cottage for 
'Cakfafting, and near it a menagerie 
•^t a great variety of birds 5 in this 
J*^ of tbe ftfram arc all forts of wa- 
^■'fQwL From htr menagerie you 



ftuck full of fpar, (hells, fea-weed, 
coral, glafs, ore, &c. all difpofcd wit^ 
taibe and elegance. The front pretty, 
but too regular, and not ruftic enough^ 
compofed of the fame materials on m 
ground of powdered Tea- (bells ftuck ia 
cement. The fituation is very pretty, 
by the fide of the ftream, clofe .to a 
fmall cafcade, and in the (hade of fe* 
vcral large weeping willows. ■ T he 
ftream.ia yet more beautifuL in the 
other plantation, called Catherine's- 
ifland; for it forms five little woody 
iflands, with cool, (hady, and fequei- 
tered walks about it, in a tafte that 
dQes great honour to this moft ingeni-^ 
ous lady's fancy. The plantations be- 
hind, the houfe hflive great variety, and 
are (ketched out with much tafte. The 
road from SnettiJham to Lynn is ove^ 
a moft fandy track of land ; which has 
the appearance of a defertt A good 
hulbandman cannot view the latter 
niimed town, without regretting the 
quantity of manure loft there, for want 
of a fpirit iA the neighbouring farmers 
to bring it away : They might have 
vaft quantities of cinder-a(hes, &c» 
and even be paid fomething for carry- 
ing them away ; their waggons are 
f^ ever coming from the town empty^ 
and their lands in general poor. At 
one place, which is called the Fort, is 
a heap of jsxceeding rich manure^ 
which in many towns I could name^ 
would fell for above 100 1, and which 
faffers no other decreafe than what 
high fpring tides occa(ion, in waftiing 
part of it away ; and it is all brought 
here in tarts, ^t the expence of the 
inhabitants. 

From Lynn I took the road* to Nar- 
ford, Che feat of Price Fountain, Efqj 
built and furmflied by the late Sir An-> 
drew Fountain x The houfe is a good 
one, but not the objeft of view fo 
mMch;as the curiofities it contains; 
amongft which nothing is fo ftriking 
as the cabinet of earthenware, done 
after the defigns of Raphael ; there is 
argreat quantity of it, and all extreme- 
ly fine. The coUe^ion of antique 
urns, vafes, fphinxes. Sec, Sec. is rec- 
koned a good one ; but what gave me 
nyore pl^afvire thai^ 5hc venerable re- 



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7« 



?i9ures at Nwford. 



Feb; 



fluiiitof diit kiiidg it t finill ntodtrn 
SUeping Vemitin white marble, by 
DeWcBii, whidi in female (bftntfi and 
4elicaqr it exceedingly beavdfbl. The 
brontea are very fine 9 and the cdllec- 
tion of printa a capital one. At to 
piftnrtfit I (hallffiTeyoitthe nametof 
a«few whi^h pleated me mofty at to the 
mafters namet I minute them at they 
paftat Marii>rd» and witltout anfweT- ; 
ing for their originality. I hint this, 
becanfe the moft pleafing pi^ure in the 
houie« Che Virgin and ChM, /aid to 
be by Goido, it precifidy the fame 
fignrety ntdtude» airt^ te. at Mr. 
ButlcF^t Corrmio, at sippeart by a 
print of the Uitter» I have feeH in 
more coUediont than onel However, 



nay, unlefk etery peHon, who fimdai 
blmfelf of fignifkrance in the ftxte^ cm 
come into pewer upon hit omm comS" 
tkmst by dragging. Vi^ bis ^boU trmsm 
•f frtmds tM dif^dmUs along with 
him» ht refolf^t not to aft at all \ nay. 
maket it m point of honbur to throw 
nwf^ 9i^hu&km (nubitber rigbt #r 
t»rMg) m the way of the ^verning 
party. But thon^h this intolerant 
temper thot predominates among our 
great men, univerf^ily, with regard to 
the communication of power; yet, 
never were the]|r more lihend to tuch 
other l» tbe £/fnbmtioM of tbe puhUe nae- 
cf|r. The perfont who are iir, are al- 
wayt ready 10 indulge thofe who ar« 
eaf, in akaoft whatever ptnfions^ and 



whether it it a copy or an orijfhial, the fir <wbate*vif e$ntimuaue they chafe^ 

coloaring it fine, and tbe air of tbe provided thev {;ive them »0 <^vf^i 

head and attitude admirablv graceful. '" -•--— — »— ^--^ — -> -' — 

Rubent. A Fruit Piece by Snydert, 
the figuret by Rubens $ very good. 

Albano.. Chrift taken down from- 
the croft % exceedingly fine, tbe muf- 
ckt ftrongiy exprefied. 

Tintoretto. St. Jerome. The head 
fine ; but the ftile dark and unpleafing. 
•Bloemart. Children of Itirael ga- 
thering manna J fine. 

^ Old Franc. Marriage of Cana; a 
fbriking inflance of wretched group- 
ing. 

Holbein^ Henry VIH. and Anne 
Beleyn at a concert $ very fine. 
. Q|un. Matfit. Two old Men't lieadti 
Ifarongly expfeifive. 

. Pelligrino. Pharaoh*s Daughter find- 
lagMoftts one of the beS pieeef I 
liave feea of thit iadiffinrent anfter. 

I forgot to tell you that the library 
it a very elegant one for a private gen* 
tkman.*' 

r^ ibi Editor tf ibi PolitkHl Reglfter. 
SIR, 

I Believe it nnift giv^ fimie tKpgfM 
of provocation even to men of the 
nioft patient (pirif» when they refie^ 
on the fnftttt divided jamgbig Jhtt ^ the entitle revemie of our old EngHfk 



IB their adminiftration \ and of coiiria 
tbtf exptOf and indad receiiH, tbefmmt 
ituiM^enciij from their opponentt,«^en 
tbife happen to be uppcrmoft in their 
turn i and, on this account, I think 
we mav affirm with confidence, that^ 
be a miniftrv at ai^y time ever fb bad 
(fuppofittg the kingdom in a ftate of 

Kace) it it more for ilt intereft to 
ve thit bad minMhry eontintied^ 
than changed for one that it a Kttte 
better, fince every change m^fl; cer- 
tainly throwt an additioaal haul upon 
the alfcady-bnrthened natioiv, by tbe 
accmnulation oifie/^ piftfi^tu, finne of 
them indeed mt Hbttitm^ but nioft of 
thtmfir Bfii and many of them iwith 
the reverfiofiary grant to po t ^ i f y » 
ptilaps, not only maii ntdWnm^ but 
efett to thofe ^ m^tkUir ab iBis % 
and were an end computation to be 
Blade of all the amiual fiimr paid on 
thit feore to thefecret, at well at the 
kilo#n, band of noble ^m,^ gentlemen* 
peftflOttert (induding, at the Tama 
time, the income ct all thofe nnne- 
ceiaryaod new invehted f4acet, which 
have beien created only to form m 
court dependence) I believe the a- 
mouiit or thfm woidd be more than 



ear mnifiry \ and indeed the cafe haf 
been thifcMu for fome yeart biuhumfd. 
We bive undoubtedly many perfont 
of great ability in the kingdom, buft 
Ibarce any two of them, #/' iif/, can 
be prevailed upon to a6k in conctri 
'with emtb otitr^ and from a gelierOut 
emulation ftrive who (hall moft exert 
themfelves for the g4§d rf tbe public \ 



kinel fbme few centuriet backward l 
And vet with all thit inconcei\rabW 
profuion, the modiflt court word is, 
and hat been, oicoaoinr, though f 
kboNprnot whether it hat been put in 
practice in One finale infiaace, ex- 
cept in t!ie redufiion of the ex- 
penCbs Of the kitchen, in the faving,, 
P*rh4i(^, of fome few f^otx^ of but* 

ter 



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tieraiidpec1c%ofcod. It wai a noble 
frying* I thinkt of Lord Sunderland 
im the time of Queen AAne» when be 
wae offered a pemton on being turned 
9at of ptece^ that if be was no lonr 
ger pennitted to ferve hit countrjr, 
he- VM tefi>l?ed not to ptHage lU 
O^ jrreat men at prelent (eem deter- 
mined to rererfe nit lordOiip^t renti<* 
«wnt^ as icarce any of them (hew the 
teaft iacUnalion to ferve it» but all of 
tbeip a Arong propennty to (hare in 
i^ piUase : I muft except (be old ge* 
serous aake of N " e » who» from 
the fame odd romentie turn of think- 
m§M Jiad the ill judgment lately to 
(ffad in Lord Siind^rland'i Heps s but I 
do not find that his example has bad 
the leaft influence, or engaged a (ingle 
.perfini to imitate faim $ to that we may 
apply to himy with propriety, what 
^Ir. Cowl^ Uy% of Pindar : 

— — " Pindar is imitable bv none i 
TheTbcenix Pindar is a vaft fpeciet 
alo ne ■ ■■» 

And as his Grace jt at ppefent the fole 
Fboenix« I imagine be muft be con^ 
teat to remain (o, and ftill continue to 
form a wbimiical fpecies by himfelfy 
4|ftoagh I think he has no reafon to 
jtiuAk 09 account of hit feigulari- 
■ty. UK this re(jpe£^* X liave not the 
vanity to imagine, that the inr 
jdmM copy of vtrk% will have« more 
^SoEt on xhofi^ for whom it is deiign- 
•#d^-tbaa bH(kace*s examples nor do 
•1 expe^ ehat it will induce a (ingle 
.petfon-feo rtfign his pre (en t penfion, or 
;to reyc^ the otfor of one. for the future: 
Jbowever, fetus teftify our abhorrence 
>of this accuricd prevailing pra6Uce, 
and though we muft defpa^r of ever 
^amending it,, yet let us endeavour 2it 
ieaft to brand it with the in&my it de- 
lerfts,,If you think, that I have caught 
jmy thing of the fpirit and humour of 
^tet celebrated genius ^hom I profefi 
•jteimitatef I doubt not but you will 
Ucmk4i wkh an immediate impriraa- 
.tiir. 

I am> Sir» Youc's^ 

T.L. 

flliStatiC^acb, a Tali i U Imtation of 
thi Manntr of Dr. Swift. 

^^^XKC^ <^^ ^i<^^ ^ grsnd lord- may V 
V/(No'matterwben,no matter where) 
Kept a huge pompous coach of ftate 
Of moftenormottt bulk and weight % 
Feb, 1768. 



The State CoaciK 



73 



And on the times of public joy. 
To wheel about tbepondVous toy^ 
He kept befide a noble (Iring 
Of horfet, fit to draw a king ; 
All of high bk>od» ail beafts of breedings 
But viciouf from excefs of feeding ^ 
Of' cour(bintra£iable and heady, 
Yefc in one point perverfely fteady. 
Viz. each good ileed was true and heafty 
To his pwn intereft and his party § 
Nay, this curs'd fpirit had poiTelt 
To fuch degree each (lurdy beaft. 
That not |k4ii^le chuff v^ould ipovt 
From threats or foothing-fear oclove, 
Unlefs in partnerlhip he drew 
With thole of his confederate crew, 
Tbou^h thus the clumfy and the dever* 
lll-pair*d, oft hobbled on together. 
. Hence, when the coach was ordered 
out, 

JQck would refi^eiematcbwith Stout, 
X \p?A one inch would not proceed 
Unle(8 impetuons D^mond led. 
Who when of late our grand premiei) 
And then i9ncheck*d in his career, 
While he tugg'd on the vaft machine 
0*er rough and finoiKb* t^^ tliick and 

thin, 
Would often with their rapid turn 
Make tbe wheels crack aod axle burn ; 
Yet give the hanghcy devil hU due. 
Tho bold his quarteringt, tbey were 

true : 
Yes, let us not his (kiH diipafraji;^, 

?e never once o*eriet the carriage, 
ho' oft he hllffl'd it one wonld thinlc 
Juft o'er the pitfalPs headlons brinks 
^hile at each hattf-breadth 'icape, his 
foes [goes I 

Would cry, there, there, by G — d, it 
And as (HiFBuck would ne'er rubmiv 

f»Tit on thefe terms to champ the bit, 
tout in return was fall as fuUen, 
Nor the fame harnefs would he pull in, 
Unlefs by cautious Duke preceded, 
Or1»y pacific Sawney headed t 
The body-coachman hence unable 
To rule the refra^ry ftable^ 
Was fOrc'd to leave the faucy brntts 
.To terminate their own difputes | 
And when they deign'd to wear the 
traces [place! 1 

;Chure their oWn partners and their 
But tir*d tbemfelves of thefediftra^ous, 
RefoLv'd at laft tb^feveraifaaions 
(F<(r in their anger all had wit) 
Some terms of union to admit. 
Which, that mdfe firmly they might 

bind. 
Drawn in this form by all ^e^e fign'd.x 
K . We 



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7+ 



A Th iRO "Lb TTm 



Feb; 



We the coiife*aftbg fteeds, (expreft 
Here was the name of each prime beaft, 
As Di'mondy Sawney, Duke) however 
Detenrnn^d not to work togetheri 
Yet by thefe prefentt are amed. 
Together peaceably to feeas 
On this account then (work. or play) 
Let«ach receive hUcuftom^d pay i 
Confirm we bv concurrine TOtet 
To each hit daily peck of oats i 
Brides, omit we b^ no meant 
Proportion^ quantities of beans { 
Koryet warm meihes when we chufe 
*cm ['em | 

Nor Bracken's balls when pleasM to ufe 
For as *tis likely from full feeding. 
At times, difeafes may be breeding, 
'Tis right, for every |iorfe that is fick, 
Who finds the food (houid find the phy- 
fic. 
Thefe previous articles now closed. 
Here prudent Diamond interposed. 
Long fam*d for his contempt of pelf. 
And views which centerM not in felf, 
•« How <:bang'd at prefcntP' (or no 
more [wore.) 

Wears he that mafic which once he 
Quoth he, (wrapped round with many 

a clout 
His greafy heels, the hories gout) 
*' Snug now ouriUves and our depen- 
dants, 
Shall we negleA our dear defcendants f 
Nay e*en from fcripture we (bould learn. 
For our own houfiiolds due concern i 
Left we incur then, to our Oiame, 
Of infidels th'accurfed name. 
Provide we next (if fuch your will is) 
For all our prefent colts and fillies ^ 
No matter, though for this fupply 
We drain our m:%er's cofiers dry i 
Stretch we the grant too, if ye pleafe, 
E*en to the future colts of thefe $ 
Then to their coltlings in entail. 
Till ifiue of fuch iflue fail : 
Well, bullies, are you all content ?"* 
Each fteed here fnorted his aifent s 
And, more t*expreis their joy of heart. 
All let at once th'obfbeperous f— t : 
The mews, thro' all its fpacious round , 
He-echo'd tath'unmanner*d found , 
And now adjufted their pretenfions. 
And thus fecur'd their long-breath'd 

penfions, 
Like porkers fattening in the fty. 
On their fat rumps at eafe they lie j 
Uplitter'd to their ears in ftraw. 
Yet not a fingle beaft will draw. 

Dogs ! to reduce ye all to reafon, 
I wUh, at Icaft for fomic ^rt feafon, 
S 



That in yoUr prefent maftoi^t ftead , 
Too meek to tame fi> rough a breed. 
Too mild to curb your factious fpirit» 
Too good to treat you as ye merit. 
Stem boifterous Cromvr^ from the 

dead, 
Or bluff old ICall would lift bis bead. 
That I might fee you bound and fiup ' 
Beneath their difcipltning whip ; 
Thai I mieht fee your pamperM bidet* 
Flogg'd till from out your fnrrowM^des 
Spun, in each part, the fizy blood, 
Toarich (VonH flotb and coptous foNod^ 
That thus let out at all thefe Ouiccs, 
It may purge OflFia vicious juices , 
While I fbould hear you, at each jerk* 
Cry, la(b no morci we*li work) we^ 

work I 

A third Lettirfrom Roufleau /)r Mr. !>• 

YOU will perhaps find, my deiir 
fir, that I rejpeat myfcif ^ but no 
matter: The affectation of finifiiin^^ 
thefe letters with an extreme nicetj 
would be ridiculous. I fpeak the lan- 
guage of the heart i Is it then furprt- 
^n^f that it has its irregularities ? Leit 
anxious about an infipid exa£lnefs, and 
a delicate variety, than an ardent de« 
fire to give yon proofs of my friend* 
fhip, I will follow no other ordepthan 
that fuggeftcd by the cffufions of my 
heart. 

How agreeable it is, tiyy dear friend^ 
to be able thus to continue my appeal^ 
to you I Why cannot I enjoy yoiar 
company here, were it but for a few 
moments ? My heart would dihte with 
joy, when I confidered, that it was 
yon who procured it that fatisfadion. 
How innocent is nature in this rural 
retreat : what exquifite pleafures do I 
here tafte ? to me the poflefiion of aH 
thetreafures in the world would be in- 
fipid, deprived of the tranquillity I 
enjoy in this new and folitary abod^ 
Happy times 1 when created by tb« 
hand of their bountiful Maker, our 
fathers admired with tranfport the ri- 
fing beauties of the univerfe, fipniii|^ 
from Chaos : fortunate tiroes ! I once 
more find you in the place where I 
now dwell. And you, my dear &gg 
may you enjoy that peace and content, 
ment, which are the natural fruit of 
your fympathizing heart ; you have 
endeavoured to make a fellow. creature 
happy : you defcrve to be (6 yourfelf. 
The happiaefi infeparablt from tran. 

quillity 



i^ -. 



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1768. 

^niility suid rcpofe vras not made lor 
traiton. 

Falfe manl deceitful man! never 
niin t ceafe my invedives againft thee} 
Tbou ceafeft not to pra^ife tby falie* 
boods and deceits. Permit, roy dear 
iriend, I befeech tbee, my heart thu» 
from time to time, to give vent to its 
angmihy and my pen to la(h vice : your 
own virtue will appear the more con- 
Iplcuotts, by the ftriking contraft of 
€»}oiiirt. 

Yes, mani proud and imperioui 
mn ! difplay, as much as thou plear 
left, thy pomp and magniiiceiice $ 
through the thick veil of thy deceit- 
ful outfide, I difcoyer thy bafenefs^ 
and in my eyes thou art ever con- 
temptible. Since thou blufheft not at 
the meannels of thy origin,, behold thv 
deftiny ; compoied of duft, thou (haft 
jeturn to thy firft condition. Thy 
life ts bat a moment 4 and that mo- 
nent is a ftorm. Thy birth, tby li^ 
thy-deatb, every thing ought to fill 
thee with humility and abafement; 
but, Grange as it m*y feem, thefe ve- 
ly things toll thee with pride.. Thou 
vt blind, it is true 4 but thou (hutteft 
thy ef ec i^n(| the light. Affirm, as 
crafidently as thou wilt, that thou pai:- 
takcft of reafont but what reaton ? 
The reafen of prqudice, the reaAm 
of paffion i and not that reafon which 
h pure, fomd, and enlightened. Ceafe 
thea to boaft oTfeaibn^ it is not rea- 
ibo that guides thee; 'tis thypafllons, 
thy furious aj^a head ftrong paifions. 

No ; 1 repeat it : a light that leads 
me aftray i a gift that is fatal to me ; 
a reafon tjiat ferves me as an apology 
forfflmes deftru6tive of the order of 
Ibclehr, of honefty, inugrity, finceri- 
ty i that reafon is no longer a light, 
l^t^ or reafon : I prefer to it dark- 
jie^a obfcurity, and inftinct Reafon! 
^orcb divine J thou waft given to mao, 
it is true, in bis ftate cu innocence j 
tboa oughteft to be his portion : but 
many perverfe man, hath abufed thee, 
and made thee an apologift for his 
paflions i purpofe, fure». tar dift'erent 
from that for which he received thee. 
But fuch is the nature of man, he 
perverts every thing. 

Like the (acred fare, which, in their 
journey from Baby ton, thelfraeliteshid 
m a well before their departure, and 
at their return fouiul aothusg but dirtj 



From M. Rousseau. 



75 



our reafon, which ought to ferve us as 
a monitor of our duty, becomes ob« 
fcnre; the fkcred fire isextin^j and 
we no longer find anv thing but earth- 
ly fentiments, wandering ftars, an4 
(cattered rays. 

The fafcmation hath even laid hold 
of our fenfes : feldom do we (ee things 
as they really are. We realize chime- 
nis : we deftroy realities. Little atten* 
tive to our own nature, or to our in« 
tereft, we cheriih in ourfelves what is 
moft vile and defpicable. We idolize 
our body!; we undervalue our mind. 
We deceive ourfelves; and we are 
fond of our errors : but, what is 
ftill worfe, we deceive others: the 
moft accompli/hed u he, that plays his 
part with the greateft dexterity and 
addrefs; and provided the trick bo 
well managed, other tricks muft fiuiCh 
the cheat. The vile fport of our own 
paftions, and of thofe of others, w« 
reckon our days by our difguft, t the 
moft happy among us, is frequently 
he that is leaft wretched ; and furely« 
if we compare our real miferies with 
our imaginary btefilngi, the balance 
will not turn out in our favour. Where 
then, thou blind and ftupid mortal! 
where is the fubjedl of thy ridiculous 
vanity ? Adieu, my dear friend I I 
embrace you moft cordially. - 

J. J. R0VSSE4U. 

Dr. FothergillV Obfervations on the Ex* 
trad of the Cicuta, and its EffeBn 
From Medical Obrervations and £a« 
quiries> VoL III, 

" TV^ U C H of the cxtraa, hither- 
JLVJL to ufed, has not, I believe, 
been made with due attention to the 
feafon when the plant is in its greateft 
perfedion. So foon as the plant ap- 
peared ftrong and fucculent, it was 
commonly gathered for ufe. But X 
know from repeated experiments, that 
the extrad, prepared from hemlock 
before the plant arrives at maturity, 
is much inferior to that which is made 
when the hemlock has acquired itsfiiU 
vigour, and is rather on the verge of 
decline : juft when the flowers fade, 
the rudiments of the feeds become ob- 
iervable, and the habit of the plant in- 
clines to yeUow, feems the proper time 
to colle6l the hemlock. It has then 
had the full benefit of the fummer heat, 
and the plants that grow in exposed 
K z places 



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7« 



Ohftrvationi en the Extragfefiht Cicula. 



Feb; 



jftlacesy will generally be found more 
virofe than thofe that gtow in the 
fhade. 

In refpc^k to the manner of prepar- 
ing' tbiB extraft, it may be necefTary to 
obferve that the lefs heat it ondergoea 
the better. Therefore, if a confider- 
able quantity of the dry powder of 
the olanty gathered at a proper feafon» 
IS added, the lefs boiling will be ne- 
cefTary, and the medicine will be the 
more efficacious. 

But let the extraf^ be prepared in 
"^xrhat manner foever it may, provided 
it is made from the genuine plant, at 
a proper feafon, and is not deftroyed 
by boiling, the chief diflPerence, ob- 
fenrable in ufing it, is that a larger 
quantity of one kind is required to 
produce a certain effeA> than of ano- 
ther. 

I have found that twenty grain) 
c(f one fort of extra6i have been equal 
in point of efficacy to thirty, nay, 
near forty of another, yet both of 
them made from the genuine plant, 
and moft probably prepared with 
equal fidelity. 

To prevent the inconveniencies ari- 
'fing from this uncertainty, it fecms 
always expedient to begin with fmail 
^ofes, and proceed, ftep by ftep, till 
the extra€b produces certain elFe^s, 
-which feldom>fail to arife from a full 
dofe. 

Thcfc cfFe6^s arc different in diffe- 
rent conftitutions. But, for the moft 
part, a giddine(s afte6ting the head, 
and motions of the eyes, as if fome- 
thing pufhed them outwards, are firft 
felt : a flight ficknefs, and trembling 
agitation of the body j a laxative ftooi 
or two. One or all of thefe fymptomt 
are the marks of a fuH dofe, let the 
quantity in weight be what it will. 
-Here we moft ftop tiH none of thefe 
effects are felt, and, in three or four 
days, advance a few grains more. 
For the general experience of alt who 
have ufed this medicine to any good 
purpofe, with whom I have any ac- 
quaintance, agree that the cicuta fd- 
dom procures anjr benefit, though 
given for a long time, unlefs in at 
large a dofe as the patient can bear 
without fufiering any of the inconve- 
niencies above mentioned. 

Patients commonly bear a greater 

quantity of theextraft at night, than 

*«l^fMon 5 and at noon, ^an in the 



momingw The method 1 eommonly 
follow is to order jir. to be divide into 
thirty pills, not gilt. Adults be^in 
with two in a morning, two at noon, 
and three or four at night, vnth di- 
rections to increafe -each dofe« by the 
addition of a pill to each» as tbey can 
bear it. 

The extraa of hemlock, given in 
thia manner, is apparently anodyne : 
it promotes reft, and eafes pain. It 
feldom creates thirft, or that*kind of 
morning head-ach which fuccecds an 
ojnate of any kind. 

It feldom occafions CofHvenefs, but, 
in moft, it procures a laxative ftooi 
the day following. 

Infomt habits very finaU dofes of- 
fend the ftomach, excite fpafmodic 
twitchings, heat and thirft. In fuch 
cafes, I immediately forbid its ufe. 

From the certain quality it poffeflet 
bf altering the property of a thin, 
corrofive, canceroos ichor, and change 
ing it to a milder fluid, I have been 
induced to try it in fanious ulcers, 
and gleety painful difcharges from thie 
vagina, and often with fuccefs. Alfo 
in 6xed excruciating pains, probably 
arifing from acrimony, not diflimilar 
to that of cancers.** 

if«#r4?/#/ ^ George Jamefone, a Scotch 
Parntir* 

•* /^ E O R G E Jamefone was tli« 
. VJ VandyckofScothhd, to which 
*title he had a double pretenfion, not 
only having furpaffed hit countrymen 
at a portrait- painter, but from his 
works being fometimes attributed to 
Sir Antony, who was his fellow-fcho- 
lar ; both having ftudied under Ru- 
bens at Antwerp. 

Jamefone was fon of Andrew Jame- 
fone, an architect, and was born at 
Aberdeen 1586. At what age he 
went abroad, or how long he con- 
tinued there, is not known. After 
his return, he applied with indefati. 
gable induftry to portrait in oil, 
though he fometimes pradifed in 
miniature, and in hiftory and land* 
fcape too. His largeft portraits were 
generally fomewhat lefs than life. 
His excellency is faid to confift in de- 
licacy and fonnefs, with a clear and 
beautiful colouring, his ftiades not 
charged, but helped by varnifli, with 
little appearance of the pencil. There 
is a print of ium, hit wife Ifabella 

Tofli 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



17^* 

T61h, and a ybimg fon, fiainted by 
lumfelf in 16139 engraved by Alexan- 
der Janrefoney his defcendant, tn 
17*8, and now in the poiTeffion *of 
Mr- John Alexander, limner at 
Edinbmrgb, his great mndfon, with 
odier portraits of the family, painted 



Jmcidtes cfn Scots PrntHer. 



77 



ANECDOTE. 

LB Sage's Gil Bias, far excels Ma 
Diable Boiteux, thoiif|h the latter 
has had more regard pud it than the 
former. The firft edition had amaa*. 
fuccefs, and the fecond fold wicll 



by Oeorge i pafticulariy another of ftifl mater rapidity. Two noblti 



bunfeif in \m (chool, with ilcetches 
both of biftory and landfcape, and 
with portraits of Charles I, his queen, 
Janieione*8 wife, and four others of 
kis works from the Kfe. 

When King Charles vifited Scotland 
in »633, the ma^iftrates of Edinburgh, 
knowing his majeily's tafte, employed 
famelbne to mahe drawings of the 
fioottilh monarchs, witli which the 
king was fo much pleafed, that en« 
quiring for the painter, he fat to him, 
and rewarded him with a diamond 
ring firom hit owa finger. 

It is obfervable that }amefon al- 
ways drew himfelf with hit hat on, 
other in* imitation of his mafter Ru- 
bens, or on having been indulged iti 
that liberty by the king when he iat 
to htm.*' 

The following extrafts from tht 
archiTes of die Bredalbane family, 
nay give the reader fome idea of tfat 
vheapne& of paintings in Scotland in 
Jaaiefbne*s time. 

Item, the laid Sir Coline Campbell 
fSth laird of denorchy) gave unto 
George JaneTon, painter in Edin- 
4>«gfa, for King David BniyfTef, 
fcins of . Scotland, and Charles the 
ttt Kxom ofGneat Brittane, France and 
Ireland, and his majefties quein, and 
for nine more of the queins of Scot- 
land their p<Mtraitf, qunilks are fet up 
in the hall of Balfdck [now Tay- 
month} the fum of tua hundredth thrie 
ftor punds. 

Mai r the (aid Sir Coline gave 'to the 
ind George l^mefbne for the knight 
of Lockow's lady, and the firft coun- 
ted of Argylle, and fix of the ladys 
of Gtenurqohajr their portraits, and 
the bad Sir Coline his own portrait, 
Qohints are fet up in * the chalmer of 
i>eafs of BaUock, ane hundredth four 
KOire punds.** 

It is, perhaps, here nece/Iary to in- 
iorra the reader, that a hundred pounds 
"Scots, does not exceed in vahie eight 
pounds fevcn or eight IhilliDgs fter- 
iiag. 



conung to the bookfeller's, fotnidonly 
one fmgle copy remaining, which each 
was for purchaftng $ and the difputt 
grew fo warm, that they were |;oii^ t* 
decide it by the fword, had not tha 
book feller interpofed. ButtiieauthoTy 
by whom the bookfelkr made a for* 
tone, ■ died poor.** 

Hiftory of 0t mnv JJUmd tvbichrofe tmt rf 
tbefeaf near Ifle Santorin, m tbt 
Archepelago, in ryoy. 

THE Ifland Santorin was known 
to the ancients by the name of 
Thera orTheramena, and was famous 
for its gulph, in which there appeared 
moo years before Cfarift, an ifland, now 
called the Great Cameni or the Great 
^Burning Ifland. It is called Great, 
hecaufe in the year t$7i another ro(h 
tiut of the fame gulph left than the 
^rmer. It was in this gulph, and be- 
tween thefe two buming^iflands, that 
in theyear lyoy, on the »id of May* 
at day- break, the ifland In queftion 
^was feen to rife out of thefea, a league 
irom Santorin* Its appearance wat 
preceded by a flight earthquake, occa- 
iioned no doubt by tiie mdtion of that 
enormous mafs ormatter, which was 
beginning to bre^ off from the hot* 
tom, and gradually to afcend towards 
the furface of the water. Some mari- 
•ners, perceiving from the fliore fome- 
thing which feemed to float upon the 
fea, imagined it might be part of a 
wreck, and went towards it in their 
boats; but finding that it confifted of 
a large mafs of rock and earth, which 
were vifibly riling 'higher, they were 
terrified, and returned to Santorin 
with all fpeed, where they fpread a ge- 
neral confternation by their report.-^ 
At length fome of the inhabitants, 
who had more courage and curioflty 
than the refl, refohred to examine 
into the affiiir themfelves. According- 
br they went up to the new ifland, and 
feeing no danger, they landed upon it. 
In going from one rock to another, 

they 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



78 

thty obferved the^round every where 
covered with whufe ftones, as eafily to 
he broken at bread, and very much 
like it. They found likewife a lar^^ 
number of frelh c^fters (licking to it« 
with which they were ^oing to, fill 
their veiTels ; but perceivmg the rocks 
move and rife under their feet, they 
were alarmed » and immediately madq 
off in their boats. This fliaking wa^ 
•ccafioned by the riiing of the ifland^ 
which in a few da^^s had gained above 
twenty feet in height and forty feet 
in breadth $ fo that by the bqgmning 
c^ June it ftopd upward of thirty feet 
above the furface of the fca, and 
might be five hundred paces round. 
But the five or fix following days* its 



Hiflory of a new IJland. Feb. 

Hitherto neither ftre nor fmoke had 
been feen. But on the appearaoc* 
of thefe eighteen rocks, clouds oC 
fmoke mixed witfai fire begun to rifc^ 
which however were only feen bynightf 
but at the fame time horrible no^fes 
were heard accompanied with fubter* 
raneous thunders, which feemed to 
come from the center of the ifland» 
It was obferved that from the White 
IHand proceeded neither fire nor 
fmoke s but the Black Ifle continued 
to throw them out with fo much vio^ 
lence, that they were feen as far olt 
as Candia, which is thirty -two les^foes 
from Saatorin. 

The fire increafed as the Black Ifland 
rofe higher, and as the breaches in i^ 



increafe being almoft imperceptible, gave it more vent. The fea became 



It was imagined it would nfe no 
higher. The part that now appeared 
was round and confifted of a white 
earth, from whence they gave it the 
name of the White Ifland. 

The different motions of the iiland^ 
and the rocks that were detached from 
it, which fometimes rofe above the 
fea and fometimes funk down again, 
often changed the colour of the water. 
For fome hours it appeared peen, 
then yellow or rcddi(h, according to 
the different minerals which came 
from the bottom of this abyfs. Sul- 
phur was the mofl prevalent ; and for 
twenty miles round, the waters were 
tinged with it. The boiling of the 
waves about this new ifland was very 
extraordinary 5 and an exceflTive heat 
was felt as one came near it. All the 
fides were covered with dead fifli, 
which were driven afhore by the daflfi- 
ing of the waves, and the air was 
tainted with an abominable flench 
which reached as far as Santorin. 

The whole month of June and half 
July, things remsuned nearly in the 
Yame flate ; but on July 16 there was 
a new ohenomenon more terrible than 
any of^ the former. . Towards funfet 
was feen, fixty paces from the^ Whiu 
Ifland, a column confining of eighteep 
black rocks, which rofe out of a part 
of the gulph, which was fo deep that 
it could never yet be fathomed. Thefe 
eighteen rocks, which at firfl ap- 
peared a little diftance from each 
other, being united, formed a fecond 
ifland, which is called the Black Ifland, 
and which foon after was joined to 
the Whitf Ifle. -* ' 



more agitated, the boiling of the wa- 
ters more violent $ and the air, whicb 
every day grew more noifome, joined 
with the fmoke which the ifland 
threw out, almoft took away their 
breath at Santorin, and ilbf<5lutely 
deftroyed all their vineyards. 

In the night from the 1 ft to the ad 
of Auguft a noife was he^rd like the 
difcharge of camion, and at the fame 
time, two flieets of flame burft out from 
one of the mouths of the Black Ifland 
which were extinguiflied in the air« 
The following days the noife increaf- 
ed and refembled the moft dreadful 
claps of thunder, fo that the doors 
and windows in Santorin were for the 
moft part eithef broke or Very muclt 
fhaken. Red hot ftohes of an enor<» 
mous fize were then feen flying in the 
air. From the largeft mouth of tbe 
volcano iffued mountains of fmoke 
mixed with aflies, which, being drivea 
>y the wind, covered all the neieh* 
bouring parts. Some of the a&es 
were carried as far as the ifle of 
Anifi, eight leagues from Santorin 1 
and a (hower of fmaller ftones all oa 
fire, falling upon the lefTer Cameni^ 
formed a fcene, which on a lefa 
dreadful occafion would have beeti 
very pleafing. Every day prefented 
Something new. After the ufual up^ 
roar, there was one while tbe appear- 
ance of rockets iffuihg from the large 
opening, and at other times (heaves 
of fire, which, after mounting to a 
great height, fell down again m ilara 
upon the White Ifland, which was 
quite illuminated with them, 
lill Januaiy 1708^ the volcano 
continued 



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tfSS. 



Travels in SissRiAr 



19 



condmiedits eruptions feveral timet 
m a day. Febuary lo. the fire« the 
fbokf, the (ubterraneous noifes, the 
boiling of the feat and the whirling 
of bot ftones became ftill more dread- 
ful than ever, and increafed by the 
15th of April to fuch a degree, that 
itwai inulgined the new iiUn^ mud 
bye been qnite blown up. But after 
that, the claps of thunder became lefs 
tenihle, the waters more calm, and 
the tench was fcarce perceived : though 
the fmoke ftill grew thicker, the fho wer 
of afliet ftill continued to fall, and the 
iflaod ftill increafed towards the fouth. 

On the 15th of July fome ecclefiaftict 
ventnred near a part of the liland 
where there was no fire or fmoke, with 
M iBtention of landiqg. Bu( when 
they came within 200 paces, they ot>- 
ferved the water grew hotter as they 
^nnced. They founded, but could 
find no bottom, though their line was 
95 fathom. While they were delibe- 
ntiflg what they ftiould do, they dif« 
covered that the caulking of their 
htk nelted, upon which they imme- 
diately haftened awray to Santoria. 
The? were no (boner returned, than 
the hfge mouth of the volcano began 
itmfoal eruptions, and threw out a 
Quantity of large fiery ftones, which 
kU oa the place tbey had juft left. 
Meafariflg this new illand, which they 
did from the larger Cameni, they 
fotmd it too feet high, 100 broad, and 
5000 rtunnd. 

^ J7J0 it burnt again, and tor- 
resti of fire and fmoke ifiued out from 
iti and the fea boiled up all round.— 
lo 1711 the iiland was near three 
^^Sm round. But neither any mo- 
^ nor iocreafe was obferved. Thp 
^^7 of the larger mouth was fo much 
^^^t that no fubterraneous noifes 
*ffe heard : there only ifltied ibme 
f«oke ftill, aind a li<)uid matter, fome-' 
^ioeiyeUow, Ibmetimes red, but moft 
^lleatly green, which tinged the 

fe* for aore than a league. Pliny 

affores m, that the ilhnd of Santorin 
^ ro(e out of the lea, and many 
«^ ifles in the Archipelago are faid 
^ hate bctn prodaced in the fiimc 
fitter." 

^'inS firwm GmtVitCs Traveti m Si- 

beria. 
!• IITE left Krafnoiarfk as foon as 
f T fo&bl^ and at the diftanc« 



of &vt or fix hundred paces from tbo 
vlDase of Ladaika, I obferved a 
wooden crofs, which thev told me had 
been ere£ied there for the fecurity o^ 
the traveller. I afked them to what 
danger he was expofed, and was inr 
formed that a number of eenii, fpirits* 
or daemons, infefted thole woads, ana 
the children of Ladaika, who went to 
play there, were frequentljr led aftrayV 
and not found for a fortnight. Th« 
trofs was, therefore, ere^ed in the 
moft dangerous place, in order to 
keep off thefe mifchievous daemons, 
This^ wood, indeed, is very thick, 
and it is no difficult flatter to lofa 
one*s way in it| to plant crofies^ 
therefore^ at proper diftances is vtrf 
eilential to one*s fafety. A litt& 
further we meet with the fort of Kanf^ 
koi and fome poor Tatares, many of 
whom, notwitbftanding their poverty^ 
have two wives. Neither the men 
nor the women wear fhifts or ihirta 
except fuch as . have been baptized, 
and thofe are but few. They" never 
wa(h, and if you reproach them for 
their filthinefs, they only reply, 
** Their anceftors lived in the fame 
way." When they go to deep or 
lounge in their huts, they place them- 
felves round the fire, which is in the 
center of the hut, and lie with their 
legs and arms twilled together in fuch 
a manner, that, by turning alter- 
nately, they come as regularly to the 
fire as a piece of roaft meat. Inftead 
of bread, the Tatares ufe the bulboua 
roots of the mountain lilly, or others 
of the fame kind, and never work at 
all. Their principal employment it 
hunting fables, which they have va<y 
rious methods of catching. Whea 
this animal is clofe purfued, he gene- 
rally gets up into a high tree, upoa 
which the Tatares immediately fet fire 
to it I and, in order to efcape the 
fmoke and the fire, the fable leaps 
down, and falls into a net. 

The dexterity and fuccefs of the 
Tatares in catching fables, makes 
Kanficoi a eonfiderable mart, and the 
merchants that go to China generally 
make fome ftay there. 

Before we arrive at the (brt o^ 
Oudinikoi, we traverfe feyeral large 
woods of firs, cedars^ birches, farche^ 
and poplars. In this fort are kept the 
tribute- f^ins of the Tatares. In the 
adjacent parts are feveral Bouretef, 

whi<ih 



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^o. 



FaSHJOHS in Sl2X1tlA^ 



livhicfitlieRuilianscallBratdd, amongjft 
whom moit of the men have their hair 
cut on the crowH of the head« and 
wear the RufGan drefs. The princi* 
pal ornament of the women is the at- 
tire of their hair. They drefs it in 
two tref&s or braids^ which fall on 
iach fide of the neck before^ and 
they commonly mix other hair with 
it, to ihcreafe its length and thick- 
nefs. At the ends of the trelTes thev 
have .pretty large balls through whicn 
the hairs pais, and are fattened below 
by a knot. They wear a fillet of the 
inanufa^ure of the country, which 
Ihey tie behiiid the head. To this 
filkt is tied a large necklace of iron 
tina» which goes under the chin} 
and beiides this they wear another of 
the iame ]und» which they tie faft 
pver it. Their garments coniift of a 
fur gown, and a kind of cloak without 
HeeveSy madeef oainted leather* which 
they wear over the gown. The pris 
dre^ their hair in more than two 
.trefTes* at they do amongft the Ta- 
f ares, and make twenty of it, if they 
have fufficicnt for the purpofe. They 
brought us a girl out of one of the 
principal families in the country. Be- 
hind (he had five ribbands which 
Jiung from a piece of leather fattened 
to her Ihoulders, and at the end of 
each ribband was a little bell. She 
wore a large girdle adorned with fe- 
deral rings of brafs, and (hell-work, 
&c. covered with plates of iron. 
When one of the(e girls of the firtt 
rank is difpofed of, (he is ftripped of 
the cirdle and the bells ; but it is not 
necenary in this country to fell a girl 
to a man before he partakes of her 
favours, for the lady that was intro- 
duced to us was with child. A Bou- 
rete gives up his daughter as the Ta- 
tares do, for a certain fum of money 
or a quantity of goods, and does not 
j>art with her till he is paid. 

We fent for three Chamans or con- 
jurees, which in the Boretian language 
are called Boe. We never faw any 
Chaman in ^ Siberia in fo frightful a 
drefs. Their robe is a gown of (kins, 
hung over with pieces of old iroii, 
• and the claws of the eagle and the 
owl. Thefe iron clinkers render the 
drefs extremely heavy, and make a 
liorrid noifc. Their caps are high 
.and^ pointed, like thofe of our gre- 
pajdiers, and are covered yyith the ta* 



Ions of the birde ahovementioned« 
Thefe terrible conjurers waited on ut 
in the nig^t, 'becau(e the day, thejr 
faid, was not proper for forceries4 
They chofe for the fcene of their cx-> 
hibitions the court in which we werci 
«nd made a fire there. One of them 
took his tambour, which was prettv 
large. The ftick re(embled a (maU 
rod of iron, on which the (kin of a 
(quirrel is fattened inftead of hair« 
Their magic ceremonies w^e like 
thofe of other conjurers whom we 
had feen, and had the fame fuccefs. 
We afked them, for inftance, whether 
a man who lived at Mo(cow was 
ftill alive. The conjurer, after dame 
contorfions, anfwered that the devil 
could not go fo far ; for it is the devU 
who is fuppofedto inftru&themin what 
is required* They writhed their faces* 
and their bodies, cried like madmen, 
and the fweat fell from them in large 
drops under the weight of their clothes. 
Their countrymen pay them for their 
bufinefs; but they weie obliged to 
exhibit gratis before us s and to pu* 
hi(h them a little for this rogui(h traf- 
fic, we made them begin uieir work 
feveral times over. He who had ex- 
cu(ed his devil from going to make 
enquiries at Mof^ow, on account of 
the length of the journey, confulted 
him about the matter once more, and 
after feme contorfions, a(ked whether 
the man in queftion had not grey 
hair*. We an(Wered in the affirma- 
tive i upon which, having leaped and 
beat his tambour ibmetime loh^^erj 
he alTured us that the man waa dead, 
and fo indeed he had been for HfM 
years at leatt. ] 

We went to fee the tribute (kins j 
the f6rt of Oudin(koi. They wej 
the fpoils of bears, wolves, foxt 
fquirrels, and fables. Some (kins 
the latter were extremely beautlfi 
as wdl as fome of the foxes. . Two - 
the latt were almoft entirely blac 
One of them had odly a little grey 
the lower part of the back, and | 
other a yellowi(h white ; this lad ^ 
not enureiy black along the baf 
it had only a black (Treak whi 
reached frOm the (houkiers nest 
to the loins. The fides were of 
yellowi(h wKito as well as the 
part of the back : betwixt that 
the ftreaks was a mixture of bWurlc 
^rey hairs. The b^liy of tfich 



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1769. 



CEwr^^^y Lpjrabw. 



Jike the back. The black fax hatf. i|i 
white foot above his bl^ea(ly about thp^ 
^ase of a crowiv 3 the pth^f V^at aK 
moft entirely grey about the thno^ 
without any white fpeck* They bpth 
^d black flap! ai^d black tails, ^odt 
the extremity of the tails was. whiter 
as faov. A third hsd a black oa the, 
aiddieof his belly, from the throai 
and the interior part of the flaps $ the 
reft was of the fox coloMr», red^ as 
well as the fides and the top of the tail, 
bat the upper and the nuddk parts 
were black."^ 

Cbara^ir §f tbi famous Ig^natius 
, Loyala. ¥rm The Capitulauon of 
France* ^r. 



^ \TJZ JE mnft not, fays our author, 

yy confound the iUuftrious B#/- ^W, jou'/baU^kg under it 



Ki^sm hero with the fools and mad 
■cn» who have already paiTed under 
our review. His diwi ihoold have 
Wwi Ihofe words of the gofpel, i 
$aau mi H fend feate^ bu% a fwdrd. 
This immortal patriarch o£ the dif- 
turbers of the tni^uility of kingdoms, 
and of the peace of the church, bad« 
no doabt, now and then fome fits of 
nndne^ occafioned by the reading 
of legends during the cuceof' the 
•Pomd ia his leg, wbich'he received 
II the battle of Perfngnan. The air 
^ the court and of fociety, however^ 
ibon diiipatcd thofe vapours, which 
only inflamed his vigorous imagina* 
tioB, without hurting his judgment. 
We flight rather to believe the great 
Coodc^ account of him, than Doctor 
6tiUingfleet*s«i— In 8t. I^atius, faid 
this priBce» I alwsyi ice a C^far^ 
who does nothing without the bett 
Rafirae for his condud \ and in Fran- 
CIS Xavier I obferve an Alexander, 
the ardour of whofe courage parried 
Inin often too fxr.^r^natins, a warrior, 
load of power and command, was, 
in hts in/litnttofiff particularly attentive 
to the perpetuity and extenfion of his 
notbority. It is well known that in 
SffKBotin? the generalftiip of the order, 
hn imroedlately took pofleflion of it 
Inmfelf, aiid his firft precept to his 
£^ples was, ihai tbey. /boidd bi m tbe 
ipMtt of ib^ fuperior as a broom in 
fbe bamdi rfa maid, and to aUpnui tbanr 
fdvos Ukg the broom to be emfioye^ for 
roery furp^, Tbefe are the exprefs 
l^vds of his conftittttions i and dur* 
snathe whole of his life, |if cimfed 



at 

t)if. precept to he M^nA liitft ftrftsm- 
n,efs and haughtine^ which left n^. 
tilling to be doi^e by. his fuccefibrs in. 
order to enforce iti We are told by. 
^ difciples, that 9ii€ day he receivedl 
^ vi(i( from Prince Colonna, during 
which a lay brother was oblfged to^ 
qome to htm with a'meflkge that re- 
quired diipatch. Ignatius, who wanted 
tp bring his conference with the prince 
to a proper paufe, befdre he received 
th^ mefT^gc, defired his brother to fit 
cjown, who, out of rtC^eSt, excufed 
himrclffucce/Tively. The fiiint, giving; 
way to a pious indignation at the dii^^ 
obedience of his fubjeft, took the flooJi 
and put it on his neck, faying witlh 
a holy wannfeh,-^Br0^€r, jou ought Ut 
ohey, aadfifteeyou ^tvould not be i^M 1^ 
^•a/, jott/baU be under it. The poor; 
brother, to the great aftonilhment of 
Xjofi P5ince, continued with his neck 
in this fbrange kind of coilari until 
hit highnefs took leave. 
, A prieft of the order being once at 
the altar celebrating mafs, Ignatius^ 
in order to make trial of his obedience, 
waited till he had begun the words oB 
the confecration, and in that folemtt 
moment, ordered him to be called ^ 
The prieft not thinking that a prefe- 
rence was due to his foperior before 
God Almighty, finiflied this p^t of 
the folemnity helbre he obeyed. At 
laft*. Ignatius himfeif called to the 
pried with a loud voice, and hi terms 
fo authoritative,* that the prieft, ima- 
gtoiog his fuperior was now accounta- 
ble for the irregularity of the orders, 
ind for his compliance, flopped fliorr^ 
and ran to receive his commands; 
The iUpenor, irritated at his hefitatioB> 
fent him to the fefityy faying, at the 
fame time, with afeveretone. Father, 
you <wbo ha<ue fiudied fo long^ fiouU 
bave. bnpwn that obedience it better ihatt 
facrifce. Cardinal Cajetan, his co- 
temporary, ind founder of the order 
of Tbeatines, invited him to unite thei^ 
refjpe^ve difciples into one fociety | 
but .Ignatius cefufed the incorpora- 
tion, not being wilUng' to expdfd 
himfidf to n divifion of command*-^ 
Frauicis Xavier, defiring to go to 
Chtna^ to briog that great empire 
to the GfarifHan faith, as he had done 
that of Japan, wrote to Ignatius at 
great length, fignifying his intentioni 
and enlarging on the migbtyatchicve- 
ttent ef piety .whith l^ had reafoa 
Ii te 



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«2 



VHTUBS or TANiEY.' 



Fthi. 



to expeft In thk nfiiRoii. Ignatiut, 
on- a fcrap of paper, writat the letter 
Jy - fignifying in Latin, j^a.— Doroioi* 
{fit, whoTe ambition we have had oc- 
cafton to mention^ was, bot a child 
hi comparifon of this imperious Bif" 

Ignatius, concludes our author, 
was certainly one of thofe extraordi* 
nary peribnages, who are formed for 
bringing about the greateft revolu- 
tions. In the chair of St. Peter he 
Would have gone farther, and with 
more poKcy than the Hildebrands. 
In the condition in which he appeared, 
lie rofe to the higheft degree of hu- 
man greatnefs, having an abfolute 
power over the bodies and fouls of 
Ynt- followers ; this MahMUt^ MmbiHei 
•« he was, durft not fo much as at- 
tempt. The profcription of his trnftitu- 
turn renders it unneccfTary for me to^ 
iiiy any thingr more of htm in tbe cha- 
rader of an inftitutmr. It is not to be 
doubted but that he clearly fbrefaw, 
what his iuftitntion, when duly e(hi- 
bli/hed, would enable his fuccelTors 
to accompliih. It has been faid, and 
truly faid, by the moft refpe^able 
authority^ that the firft general of the 
jefuiis and the laft were of the fame 
chambers t^ia is true^ however, in 
regard to their views and intentions : 
In point of genius and ability, Hie 
prince of Conde would have faid, 
Cffar ttttt nrnk habert partm^^ 

rt thi AUTHOR a/ tht LONDON 
MAGAZINE. 
S I R> Leigh, Jan. 15, 176S. 

TH E knowled^ of difeafes would 
be very ufelefs if there were no 
remedies, but, to our comfort, the 
vegetable kingdom fupplies us with 
manj, were they only more ufed : 
Having fpoken of Carduua laft, wewiU 
«ext treat of Tanfey. 

This herb growa wiW by road fides, 
and tbe borders of fields, and is fre- 
quently alfo cultivated in gardens both 
^r kitchen and medicinal ufes. It 
flowers in June, July, and Augufl: 
The leaves, flowers, and feeds, are the 
only parti made u(b of. 

Confidered as a medicine, it is a 
moderately warm bitter, of a ftrong 
but no very difgreeable flavour. The 
leaves and feeds are reckoned good 
againft worms. The laft are lefs bit- 
ler, axd mofC ftCrid imd aromatic 



thafttiiofeof Rue, to which they are? 
reckoned flmilar \ or of Santonicum, or" 
Worm feed, for which they have beeh 
frequentlv fubftituted. 

This plant is good to provoke urine; 
force away fand and gravel, and eafet 
the chblick \ refifts vapours and hyftc^r 
ric fits I profokes the menfes, but a- o 
bove all, and for which I chiefly treat v 
of it here, it gives eafe in the gout, 
whether in joints, Iknbs, or ftomacb, 
and is a Angular remedy againfl the 
fcurvy in a cold habit of body like-, 
wife. 

The expreffed juice, from three to 
flx or eight fpoontuls, is a fpecifick for 
the gout in the flomacb, taken in any 
fit vehicle, as white wine, or brandy 
plain or daihed with water, night an<t 
morning \ fo taken it ^vea eaie in the 
Gout wnether in the limbs orftomacb, 
and carries off by urine the mo r bifi c k 
tartarous matter of that painful di&afe^ 
I keep It by me aU the year prefenred 
in brandy I or it may be taken in 
powder, as much at a time as the fto- 
mach can well bear } a rule I aJwaya 
goby. 

A decofi^on of it either |;reeii' ov 
dry in wine, or even an infunon only, 
a quartern, or half a pint, night,, and 
morning, will well fupply the place ol 
the juice when it cannot bo bad \ ojp 
preferred in that form. 

A pultice of the feeds and leave* 
applicud gives eafe in pains of the Gout* 
In (hort, it fliould be fat upon and 
lain upon, applied ail manner o£ 
ways both inwardly and outwardly | 
ufed as ordinary food ( as unfy paa* 
cake and unfy puddings, not even 
cly fters thereof excepted . 

The great Boerhaave intimat^ aa 
if ttie gout was catching. I know it 
to be fo, for my late fponfe, one of 
the befl of women, with whom I had 
Jived hapailjr thirty- five years, was 
carried off with convulfions from the 
gout in her head, on the 19th oi^De^- 
camber laft ; ahd which adds to my 
afHi^tion, when 1 refleft that fiie 
cai^t it from me. And well it may 
be infefliousy when the miafms fmett 
<o difagreeably. Wherefore I would 
adviie a feparation for a feafon, by ly.» 
ing aftindcr as foon as it feizes either 
party, to prevent taking in an lAino^ 
iphereofgoutf vapours, that though 
they (hew iiot their bad cffe6ts very 
iiooni aiay yet in proce^ of time coiu 
lamiiute 



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tamiaate th« |«icet of th« (baikl per- 
ion. 

There is m mixture of good and 
crii in every thing. The Gout is the 
lord, and prince of all 



conqueror, 

diieafesy and, till it kills the patient, 
proteds him from other diforderst and 
So far it generally prolonffs life, and 
thereby n^akes fome^mendstfor its ex* 
xefihre painfulnefs. 

Nosv thoujgh we cannot radically 
care it, yet if we can fafely alleviate 
fome of its fymptoms, that is doine 
feme good. To this purpofe, I wiU 
give a quotation from Boerhaave, with 
which 1 will conclude. 

yl have advifed fri£lton, fays he, 
"With great advantage to gouty perfpns, 
ihat th^ ihould rub tbemfelyes every 
rooming aud eveniiu^ with warm flan* 
nel cloths (or a fleih bru& or both) 
bepnning at the joints. It is a fimple 
jnedicine> but I have feen more advan- 
tages from it than from all the prefcrip- 
tions of pharmacy, and it agreetwith the 
theory, by gentle fri^on or rubbing 
to^akeoif the matter beginnii^ to 
lodge in the joints ; ISw, years ago, I 
have freed many from this dilbrder i 
for the reiiftance is not only taken off, 
bat the body externally opened in its 
pores. By the &me method man^ 
other diforders may be r/moved« if 
fri^on^ were more in ufe, but they 
are top much neglected. '^ See farther 
what I lately wrote on the benefits of 
fri£Hpn in Say's Craftfman for Auguft 
tt, and in other publick papers. I 
«(e the lame with great advantage 
myielf. Your's, 

J. Cooic. 

r$ tU AUTHOR of thi LONDON 

MAGAZINE. 

SIR, Leigh, Jan. 15, 1768. 

AMONG all the medical plaWu be- 
longing to the vegetable king- 
dom. Camomile is one of the princi- 
pal. It flowers for the moft part thro* 
all the fummer months, and its feeds 
come to perFedlion in the time of 
flowering. It is either wild or grows 
in gardens i iingle, or double flower- 
ed. The fir ft is belt, as being ftron- 
geft far ahoimding with more oil than 
the other. 

This excellent plant has a ftrong, 
not ungrateful, aroma'ic fmell, but a 
jrery bitter naufeous tafte. They arc 



»3 

aperidve, anodyme^ diptftiyey dUasU 
five, diuretick, fudbriftck, aiteratiyey 
and a]exi[^harmic, wh^efore are acr 
counted ftunulating, carminative, ape- 
rient, ediolJient, and, in ibme mea* 
fure anodyne, there ftands recom* 
mended in flatulent colicks : for piro* 
modng the uterine purgations in ten- 
sion, mmI rigidity of pardcolar ^arts | 
in fpaiiniodick pains» and the pains of 
child»bed women. The flowtra «re 
frequently ufed extarnally in difoiti- 
^nt and antifeptic cataplafms, fomen* 
tations, warm haths and emollieat 
glyfters. 

But befides thefe many virtues of 
camomile, there is another which 
renders it a fpeciflck for agues and in- 
termittent fevers, but eipecially for 
the laft, when grown low and irregn- 
lar, not having any diftindt and lafhng 
times of iDteraiiiHon, but border 
nearly upon a continued fever. 

The Egyptians dedicated camomile 
to the curing of agues ; and experi* 
ence has confirmed it an adnrirablo 
thinf againft difeafes of the Pleura $ it 
is al& a good antifcorbiitick. The i^ 
quid juice drank to four or fnc 
ounces two hours before the coming of 
the fit of an ague, whether quotidian, 
tertian, or quartan, it commonly 
cures at three or four dofes ; it givee 
^fe in an cxqvufite pleurify j it moves 
the menfes$ opens the \irinary paf- 
fages ; and gives eafe in a ftrangury 
to a miracle ; it is a remedy for the 
jaundice, dropfy, aftbma, and flitcbet 
in the fide; it eafesjiain to what part 
of the body foever it is applied. 

A powder of the herb dried, from 
half a dram to one dram, is good 
againft griping of the guts, wind, and 
pain of the ftomach. A decoction of 
the flowers, two ounces in three pinte 
of water, till near one is wafted } to 
two pints of the ftrainer add one, 6r 
two, d rami of fait of tartar, and take 
a large coff>e cup full every four or 
five hours. It is good for intermittent 
fevers. 

In fhort, csmomile, outwardly ap-* 
plied, is good fpr cold gouts, coldnefr 
of the limbs ^ pains and aches, pro- 
ceeding from cold and raoifture i and 
ihoHrfics tumours, ^iifcuflcs wind, and 
comforts the nerves and ftomach^ 
Wherefore it 1$ ufcd by way of tea, as 
carduus fomctimts, to work off vo- 

L ft . • miti 



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Hk 



Bark'if the 1^)tt^ifUw recommended. - Fdjw 



xm operaBon of tlie^m^c* 

• . = Vcwir*s, Jf. Coot: 

t*r*4rit ^T/A^WKiteWaiow, a /Sv^ 
^/A/PeiravianBaHc. • 

tProm a Spectniien of ^Mifcslkaeaut 
Obiervationt oq Medical Sttl^c£b^ 

^ Bonexcfi to Dr. Cloft^t new Method 
of curing the mtnral 8maU Pox.] 

FROM the time that the Peruvian 
Bark began to "be known 'in our 
part of the world, and ufed frequent-^ 
v/i there have not bee^ wanting phy- 
liciani, who endeavoured 16 find out 
ibme one of the barks or our owii 
trees* which might 'be fubilituted foe 
|hls foreign one. And on this Account, 
the bark of the Aid and Horfe-chefnut 
tre^s have been particularly comtnend- 
^d. And I alio remember ()pth of 
them ufed with the'bcft fuccef^, in cu-j 
ring intermittent feverf* as well bj^ 
others, at by myfelf. But yet I have 
QQUch oftener obferved them appliec] 
to no purpofe, fo that at'laftMt was 
aeceiTary to recur to the Cortex ' Pc- 
ruvianus. And I know fome in^ 
iUnces, where their ufe has doq^ 
more htrm than ^ood. 

Reading lately in the French Mcdi-^ 
cal Diary, called. The Gazette Salu- 
taire, the bark of the White Willo^ 
much commended as a fuccedaneuti^ 
fior the Peruvian, I immediately form- 
ed a defign of leaking experinients up- 
on a dozen perfons of both fe xes, who 
^boored under Litermittent ievers^ 
i|nd obferved with great pleafure„ thofe 
pffe^s produced from thence, than 
which better could not be expedled 
from the Peruvian Bark. In exhibit- 
if^g ity I always made uie of the fame 
method, which I ufecl to obfehre with 
the Peruvian. I gave only the iimple 
powder, not mixed with any thing 
pLUt, I prefcribed indeed larger dofes« 
and thofe to be repeated bftener, and 
ordered the ufe 'of the remedy to be 
continued a little after the fever was 
carried off* But to hide nothing i 
Thefe fevers were all either quotidians 
or tertians \ I have not ^et had an op- 
portunity of trying its efficacy m 
quartans. Nor have I ever ufed it in 
remittent fevenu iince againft thefe f 
^yf In readineis a ^cmeoy equally tf,fy 



to be got« #hich hat www ^ee^ved 

my ^xpe^t^tionsy vis. Vitriolated 8a> 
nrnon of A^Kitii, on which D. Gerhard 
Ahdfpw MyHer, formerly profefloi^t^ 
the uhiterfity of GieiTen, publiihed aH 
academical diflertation a few years 
ago, and not only in intermitting fe* 
vers but iXio in other difeafes which 
are -othcrwifc fiappily cured by the 
Cortex Peruvianu8» the bark of the 
White Willow Tfas evidenced to me ita 
Virtue. . Six drachms of it exhibited 
in th'^ Intervals, after other more ex«> 
quifit^ medicines liad been applied in 
vain, entirely carried off a pituitoua 
vojniting, retumine by fxaroxvfm^^ 
after the manner of a tertbn fever, 
although none fuch by any mean§ 
appeared (for neither yawning nor 
ilretchihg ever preceded it, nor was 
laterltio\i$ urine difcharged ; certain 
marks of feverifli diforders, depend* 
!ng on the latent venom of an inter* 
fnittent or i-eraittent fever )% I have 
klfo more than once feen it of wonder •>• 
ful efficacy in worms, nor did it ever 

Seceive my expectation in ftrengthea- 
ig the ftomacb. 

^0 the PRINTER, ^r. 
SIR, 

I Read a paragrapli in the St. Jam6*s 
Chronicle of the 5th of January, 
averting that; the Viauallfng Board 
had contradled for four hundred headf 
of the beft oxen, exclufive of all the 
offal, to be (laughtered at the *con- 
traftor's charge, and the four quarters 
not to Weigh lefs thap feven hundred 
and eighty- four pounds, for twenty* 
fix fhilllngs and fix-pence per hun* 
dred weight, which is two-pence threes 
farthings per pound. And in that ^ 
paper of the 9th ult. there was .ano- 
ther paiagraph, importing that the 
faid board are at this time under con- 
tra^, and are a6bually fup plied witb 
frefh beef for his majefty^s (hips> at 
the following places, on the terms 
againft each expreflcd, viz. 

River Thames at 15s. id. per hun-' 
dred weight, or ad. { per pound and 
fj of a farthing. Plymouth 25$. or 
ad. \ per pound, and j??- Portf- 
mouth 16s. 8d. or id. | per pdund and 
the 48th part of iia. Sheef-neft and 
the Nore 31s. lod. or 3d. ) per pound 
and the^sd part of iia. Downs 298. 
4d. or 3d. per pound a Ad the 64th 

part 



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J 76 J. zlmportaittn of 

yvttf ts«9 ii¥i Ai jidflcd together aod 
ihenediaBi fvices taleen is opvards 
of id i, and uofiSor 3d rper poii»& 
And that the reafon of its bein^ 
b^jllcr in tUb ]!>ofini» anil aC'ShetmeU 
asd the Nore, are from the iioD^Inefs 
of the quaodtyi and the uncertain 
times it any be demanded, and the 
cjcpence of «at«r ca tr i age. Upon cn- 
qviry f^ thofe who bane joontraibd 
with that board, i find tbefe accounta 
•re true, and fiutber tbat they have 
ihit week contrafted for %^ tierpo 
of Irifli Porky at four guineas per 
nace« roniaining one with another 
•909 poandsy which is three-pence 
futfaing per pound, to be paid by 
bitt ix nontbi afibor deliveaed, or 
to coounence interefr^from .that itime, 
•t fDor potuKb per oentum per can- 
non. 

From tbefe an^entick nnd indlA 
potable accomts (and from thefe 
alooe) can the fnie, general and na^ 
tnral ftate of pcovifiont, as weli witi) 
rmrd to plen^ at value, be>certaink^ 
mofvrod. And it is from .beiice 
abnadantly manifeft, bow nnich the 
coaraoQ people and the poor have 
been and are abufed, bf the arttiicial 
prioet impofed by the middle man 
aad ebe retailer, whofe exorbitant 
gains (become neceflary to their man- 
ner of Kvlng, and their Tiewa of mak-> 
mg bafty forttsnes) hare been in- 
ctmed of late nearly to one hundred 
ponodt per cent, upon all their dea« 
Kiifff en tfaeie commodities. 

In order to cover and conceal this 
pnmnpm!csah of the dearneft of pro- 
rifiont to the poor, the common peo- 
ple hdnre been artfully inflamed by po- 
polar reafofung upon faHactoos to- 
picks, lalie faSs daily afiericd, and 
ag gia v at ed with great art, abfard 
^mcipJea of trade laid down, (lUle 
caofea affiled, and anti-commer- 
dal retnediet fuggefted ; the more 
fcrtifciova, bceau/e eitber utterly 
>mprft^cabie, or tending in a vevy 
Mk tifoe to exhauft the nation 
<if ^ its feecie, to bring on a real, 
iaAe»I of n^tfoas diftre^^ and even 
eo produce in the higheft degree tbole 
evils which they are pretended to 
prevent. 

With ttieTeeiKleaTOursare combined 
tiafe of a few iaterefted importen 



Grsm cmdmnei. 



ts 



w>b» (nnder ^e tpSp^&Mt name M 
imetchai^s enbichih^^dofiQe delcifre) 
wanting abilitioi feo iae the juipi lalMch 
muf( arife from opening the marketa 
of Xvi^at fintiin toiiie finaduce of 'the 
lands .of foret^ satiMn^ inftoad of 
ihe produoe of the landi of oitr mra 
<ioBDmons ; and tninoieed by enthn»* 
£aftick fiotions of Butcb conMn eu ce 
and levelling pcin<$p]ee, or by a it^ 
€ret;aiitipatby to the landed interei^ 
(beoaufe they are poflefied of none 
ihemfevct) ha«e>been for a few- yens 
laft paft driving .on €^itry mealbra^ 
.which tended totconvco-t the tcsBde 
lof exportatimi into a trade of impor- 
tation, though the fbemcr is the only 
^ital principle of ;eonunerce, and the 
other :tbe certain :coad do Ifii ^Mlrncn 
lion ! 

It appears by ^le ctiftom^konft 
books, that betwe^en tbe fifth of Ja. 
Hoary and the tes^ of OAober X74y, 
the quantity. of nhenty rwheat-iour^ 
and wheat«meaU .rie, barleyj 0Bt», 
oatmeaV buok* wheat, . beans andpeae; 
which has been -imported, muft have 
carried out of England at rkaft viise 
htmdned ithoofand pounds fterlihg | 
and though the actoant 6rom that 
time to the 'end .of the year b not 
yet made up, it is fuppofed to amount 
to a much larger -AMB-in ^proportion. 
Add to this the intaceft of forty Bul- 
lions due to foreigners, and Hieiri>ro. 
fits in our fands, which may be tcom- 
pnted at little Ida than two miJiif ns i 
How will it be pplfibie for thk nation 
to lupport ftioh A drmn of .ij^ie ?* and 
what a icene of nniver£U ,«uin insilll 
attend the «whob people (of allude* 

gsees) if it (houkiiefig continue, <on bo 
jrther- extended? ' 

What thenoanjttftify the TeHifli at- 
tempts of thofe profedoft, .whovwotild 
wantonly bava, introduced the fidtad 
provifions of dl fiteipi nations at a 
CMie when Ireland and our 9wm pUm-^ 
fmions are able to iamxQi any quan- 
tities of tbeie provifions at the moifc 
seaibnabie price 1 

But. from, what has lately .appeared 
in a great afiembly, it is hofwd that 
tftefo matters will become more deviy 
underilood,.and the views /df ioterift- 
ed men more attended to^^md better 
gnasded agaitt^ 

Year's, &ۥ 



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ss 



A C'aRious Discovery; 



Feb-' 



Fnm HiJIork Doubts $u thi Life mid 
Riigtt if King Rkbardstbt Tbini, by 
Mr. Horace Wslpole* 

4< rrtHERE it a play of Shake- 
A fpeare^s that may be ranked 
among the biftoric, tboueh not one 
of hit numerous critics and commen- 
tators have difcovered the drift of it, 
1 mean ne H^mtir^s Evenit^ TaUy 
jirhich was certainly intended (in com- 
pliment to Queen Elizabeth) as an 
indireft apology for her mother Anne 
Boleyn. The addrefs of the poet ap- 
pears no where to 4Siore advantaa«. 
The fubjedt was too delicate to pt 
exhibited on the ftage without a veil % 
smd it was too recent* and touched 
the queen too aearlv^ for the bard 
to have ventured (b home an alluiion 
on any other ground than compliment. 
The unreafomble jealoufy of Leontes» 
imd his violent eonduft in confe^uenct^ 
form a true portrait of Henry the 
JCighihy who generally made the law 
the engfine of his boi(Urous paifionsA 
Not only the general plan of the 
ftonr is mak applicable^ but feveral 
pailages are U> marked, that they 
touch the real hiftory» nearer than 
the fable I Hermione» on her tryal, 
<tyt« 

■ II 1. > for bonoMT^ 
- ''Tit a derhfai'p9i from me to mutip 

AmiMlj tbat IJkmdfor. 

This fcemtto be taken from the 
very letter of Anne Boleyn to the king 
before her exeOution, where (be pleads 
for the infant princeft her daughter. 
MmDilliasi the young prince* an un- 
aecefiu7 chara6ier, dies in his infan- 
ts but it confirms the allufion, as 
Q^n Anntp before Elizabeth^ bore 
altilKborn ion. Bpt the moft fink- 
ing pafTage, . and which had nothing 
to do in the tragedy, but as it pic- 
tured Elisabeth, is, where Paulina, 
defcribing^fhenew^bom princefs, and 
her Itkenefs to her father, fays, Jbe 
hms tbi *vifyi irkk of bis fronuit, T b ere 
it one fentence indeed fo applicable, 
both to Elizabeth^and her father, that 
I (hould fufpea the poet inferted it 
after her death. Paulioa, fpeaking 
of the ohild, tells the king, 

- I "lis yours % 

Ami migbt nvg taj tbi oUprovitif to your 

charge, 
SotikeyoM, ^tis themtorfe ' ■ ■ 



The Winter's EVching Tale 
therefore in reality a fecond part t>f 
Henry the Eighth.** 

r$ tbi PRINTER, ^e. 
SIR, 

EVERY evil has its beginnin^^ 
and if properly attended to in 
it's firft appearance, mi^ht in general 
be eafil^ checked % but it it otnerwif^ 
when It has taken deep root, and 
fpreads itfelf into more numerous 
branches than can be perhaps difco* 
Tered, much icfs remoyed. 

The iron and fteel manufa6tory is 
perhaps the laft in which Great-Bri- 
tain is in danger.of being equalled or 
rivalled by her enemies ; but in coh* 
yeriation with an eminent manufac- 
turer from Birmingham a few days 
fince^ I was inforriied, that fleps are 
Ukingbythe French, which, howe* 
ver trivial they may feem at prefeat, 
may in time prove very difadvanta- 
geous to this country, and contribute 
towards enabling the foes of Britaia 
to vie, one day, with her Tons in the 
above-mentioned manufa£tures { I 
give to you as to one of our puk^ 
kvaicbmen^ the account I have had of 
this matter, and defire you will, if 
you apprel^cnd it needful, found the 
alarm immediately.^ 

My friend afTures me, that French- 
men have for feme time paft gained 
admittance amongft our very inge« 
ntous workmen in Birmingham, in 
the capacity and under the appearance 
of jodrneymen manufa^urers in the 
feveral articles peculiarly wrought in 
that great town, that ornament oif Bri- 
tain, I had almoft faid; of the uni* 
verfe } that thefe Frenchmen ftipulate 
for low wages, and for a limited time 
jjuft fuificient to obuin information 
and inftrudion in fuch particulars 
as are needful to make them capable 
of injuring us, by tranfplanting our 
invaluable fecrets, viz. our modes of 
working in iron and feel to their na- 
tive country, and Chen they difappeac. 

Now, Sir, I will venture to afHrm 
the /9o//, or apparatus neceflary for ' 
expediting and nnifiiing almoft every 
article manufactured in Binnin^iam, j 
Wolverhamj>ton, and the adfacent 
village, ought to be mod ftridly 
yarded from the inijpe^on of vtuf 
ingenious enemy et England. If 
Frenchmen, 



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ij6S. J fFord t$ 

Fftnrkr*^! iimtttiag the royal Czar, 
love ibcir country CDOUgh, and their 

Stnocifm induces them to put on the 
rms of fcrvants, in order to render 
liicinielvcs or pofterity our equals or 
foperiors in the knowledge of that 
vaft variety of iron and fteel manu- 
fiaiires, U>r which the placet above- 
aamed are fo )uftly diftinguiihed, 
imiy our love to our country ihould* 
exdte our attention to every advance 
they make of this nature, and thofe 
whofe bufin^fs it properly is to guard 
our too vifiWy declining trade, will 
Mzdcm an obfcure individual, who 
Im^ a»/oon as in his power, commu- 
Bcated the above bints to their conii- 
deration. 

It is aeedlcfs to obferve, that 
FrcBcbmen, or other enemies of Eng- 
luid, if they have the views above- 
inendoned, can and will work at an 
vnder price ; they are accuftomed to 
expend le6 in their fupport than Eng[- 
Uihmen ^ nor can it be doubted, if 
they are employed by their fuperiors 
sn their own country to fteal our trade, 
they are aMb ftlpported by them, and 
confitquently not under the neceffity 
of lifting on large wages, er prefent 
advantages. The men thus employed 
are, as I am informed, exceedingly 
wgenious, and therefore by much the 
more dangerous \ and their employers 
eitber not perceiving their real inten- 
tion, or. Charmed by that deftruaivc 
jDonfter, immediate gain and advan- 
tage, will, 'tis much to be feared, be 
more numerous, unlcfs timely prevent- 
ed by proper auth(»ity. ' 
I am. Sir, 

Your hhroble fcrvant, 
W. 
ft tbg PRINTER, &c. 
— *• Maktfalfe hair and thauh 
-*— 'untb burthens of the ^'ead \ 
S^au thai 'were hanged^ no matter *— 
Weartbenh betray tuith themt^--^ 
Paint HU a bwrfe may mire upon your 
fiut^ Shakefpeare. 

ONE would imagine thai the 
women of the prefent age, do 
»ow exaaiy copy the foregoing <juo- 
ladon, though I think it was that ex- 
cdkat author*s intention, as well as 
aunf others who have noticed the 
fwUire in the fair fex, to prevent it, 
hf ibcwijig it in the worft light : yet 



the Laiial 87 

notwithftaoding the many diiconrfes 
that have been wrote in order to ftop 
this evil, ftill blindly do they invent 
every method to make their twm agree- 
able felves dilagreeable. As the prin- 
cipal aim ot the ladies in their dreft 
is to attraft the regard of the men, 
ccpially as the mens is to attrad the 
ladies, I would acquaint them, througlr 
the trumpet of fame, that men (at leaft 
all that I am acquadnted with, which 
are not a few) are not fond of the pre- 
fent enormous. and prepofterous head- 
drefr (efjpecially in thole whofe ftatioa: 
it is quite inconliftent with) which 
fecms to be the centre of all their 
pride, with the addition of pearl-pow« 
der and carmine, to deftroy that na- 
tural beauty and fweetnefs which land 
every one elfe muft own to be th^ 
moft engaging* To thefe difadvan- 
tages of drefs, the (imper» the grin, 
the ftare, the languifli, the pout, and 
other innumerable follies produced bf 
that fafhiouable, difguinul monfter, 
t^eSaiiwy are what make (I inugine)^ 
the marriage ftate a ftate or roifery is 
lieu of a ftate of blifs. Would I could 
write with energy, not only fufficieae 
to warn, but to perfuade my fair 
countrywomen to avoid thefe faults i 
that each would wear what heft be- 
came them$ that each would ftudy 
their temper, and bani(h from them- 
ielves thofe difagreeable paflions they 
obferve in another, inftead of expofing 
them to the next company they meet } 
and when they fix their fUtion in this 
traniitory life, that they would ufe 
left affe^a6ons and coquettiih airs ; 
men would then almoft adore, and al«> 
ways praife where they now fcarce ad- 
mire, but always pity. Some of your 
female readers may anfwer, that there 
are many men who are guilty of thofe 
faults I have been decrying. That 
there are fome I well know, who are 
;not worthy of any one*s notice j and 
,were they treated with proper fcorn by 
the fair fex, we Ihould foon have lefs. 
I am afraid I have trefpafled on the 
patience of the reader and bounds of 
your paper, if I have, beg your par- 
don* 

IfOTHARio, A****ir 

IN compliance with the defare of 
ElTex, and other correfpondenta, 
we now infert the following. 



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Spmhtf jL-^ C- 



8« 

X^ r i M ii 1» Sfeeeken the A^lofotoiy 
BUI tf the S^ei^ei^ tfCftOtBtt' 
ttin o*Vir the Cekuin. 



noB- 



WHBN t fpoke bft ok dui ftib- 
jcaf, I thought I1i;lddcUvmd 
my ftnclmtmi fo fotly, sMd ftippofted 
them whhfHcK rtftfon*, andfuchau- 
thoridei, that I apprehended I fbcxM 
ht under no neceflity of trouhlinf y^or 
P i^ain. But I am now cem- 
peUed to Hie up, and to beg ]rour fbr« 
•her indulgenee: I liiid that I hare 
lieen very mjuriowfly treated} have 
^en' eonfidered at the hroaoher of 
jiew-fangled doArinef, contrary to 
the laws of thit kingdom, and Aibrver- 
£ve of the rights of p— t, — — — , 
ihie is a heavy charge^ bur more ib 
when made againft ono ftattoned as I 
am in both capacttiel, as P— -^ aiul 
J—., the defender of the law and tho 
eonftkucion. ' When I fpoke laft, I 
was indeed replied to, but not an« 
iwered. In the intermediate time, 
inany things have been faid. As I 
WAS not prefent I muft now beg leave 
to anfwer fuch as have come to my 
knowledge. As the afiai r is of the ut- 
noft importance^ aiid in its confe- 
ouences may invoke the fkte of king- 
A>ffle, I took the ftrifleflr review of 
my argtmients ; I renexaflnined all asy 
authontiess fully determined, if I 
found my^tf miilaken, pubtickly to 
own my miftake, and give up my opi- 
nion I but my <earthe« have more and 
more convinced me, that the B 
p have no right to tax the 

A- ■ ■ ■ t . I ihall not therefore con- 
fider the declaratory bill now lying on 
your t— 05 for to what purpofe, but 
fofs of time,- to confider the particulara 
of — . —. , the very exiftence of 
«i>hich is illegal, abfohitdy illegal*, 
contrary to the fundamental laws df 
nature, contrary to the fandamentid 
laws of this eonftitiftion ? a conftkutkm 

grounded on the eternal and immiita- 
le laws of nature $ a conlHtution 
^hoie foundation and center is liberty, 
which fends liberty to every /ilbjeft 
that is or may happen to be withm 
«ny part of ite wpple circumference. 

Nor, — , is the doftrine new, 

^tis as old as the conftitutiotf } it gi ew 
<iip with it, indeed it i& its fupport ; 
taxation und repreientation are 4nfe- 
l>a#ably united j God hath joined them. 



^. .Fcb- 

?* ■ citt fSmande the«t- 
to endeavour to do it^ is to ftab our 
very vital*. Nor is thit the firft time 
this doArine has been mentioned $ fe- 
▼enty yearsago^ -* , a pamphlet 

waa publiflifld; recofernmendisg/the le« 
vying a parliamentary tax on one of ' 
the colonies'^ this pamphlet was an- 
fWeved by two others, then much read I 
theie totally deny the power of taxing 
the coloniet $ and ythfi bocaufe the 
cokmios had no rquaefentatives in; 
J»liament, to ^tve cdnfent }. noan« 
iwor pii^Ue or piivate^ was gtvim to 
thitle pamphlets^ no cenfure paeffad 
upea them y nsen were not ftarded 
at the doftrine^ aa either new or il- 
legal, or derogatory to the rights o£ 
P "* ' ■" ' * I do ndt mention thefe 
pamphlttt by way of authority, but to 
vindicate my(z)i from the impntatioa 
©r having firft broached this dodirine. 
Mypofition isthis^I repeat i6--i 
will mamtain it to m j lift hoorr-'tax-* 
ation and reprefentation are sifepera- 
hie ;— this pwiiition is founded on the 
laws of nature J it is more, it is itfcif 
in eternal law of nature f for whattTer 
is a mtA*s own, is abfolutely his own f 
np man hath a right to uke it from 
him without his conftiit, either ex^ 
preflod by himfelf or repreientntive i 
whoever attempts to do it, attemfita 
an injury 5 whoever does it, commits 
a robbery 5 he throws down and de-i 
itroys the dlttinaion Betwben liberty 
and flavcry. Taxation and reprelen^ 
tation are coeval with and c^ential t« 
this conftitutien. I wiOi the maxim 
of Machiavel was foUowcd, that of 
examining a conftttution, at certain 
peiiods, accoixUng to its fiitt princi- 
^es: this would corrreft abufes and 
fopply defeds. I wilh the tim^ wiild 
bear it, and that mens mli^de were 
cool enough to enter upon fuch a talk. 
«f^ that the repreicnutive authority 
ot this kingdom was more equally 
■fettled. I am fure fome hiftorica*. of 
Jate publilhed, have* done great mif. 
chief J to endeavour to ^x the l^ra 
when the houfe of c ' »a bcga^a 
in this kingdom, is a rooft pernicious 
and deftruttive attempt 5 to fix it an 
Edward's or Heme's reign, is owinw 
to the idle dreams of fome whimfical, 

ill-judging antiquarians I but, 

f this is a point too important 
to. be left to fuch wroiig.lyadeA poo- 
pie. When did the h • oi 



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f 7^8. No TaxafioH without kepreJeniatioH. 

C s ^i^ begin ? wbeii, — 

> it began with theconftita- 

(iQOy it grew up with the coiiftitutkm) 
there is not a bUde of gra(s jprowiog 
io the moft obfcure corner of tiiis 
kingdoniy which is not, which was 
not ever rcprefcnted Cnce the conilitu- 
dou began ; there is not a blade of 
gra(s, which) when taxed, was not 
taxed by the cphfent of the proprietor. 
There is a hiftorjr written by josm 
Carte, a hiftory that moft people now 
fee tbrou^ j and there is another fa- 
veurite hifto^» moch read and a^- 
oired. I will not name the author, 
y^jur — ^— rauft know whuoi t mean, 
and jou maft know from whence he, 
piifend bis notions, concerning the 

nrft beginning of the h of c s^ 

— ——ft I challenge any one ta 
point out the time when any tax was 
bid upon any perfon by p , 

^hac perfon being unreprefented in 

p ' the p laid 

a lax upon the palatinate of Chcfter, 
and ordered commifTioners to colled it 
there ; as commifHoners were ordered 
to colled it in other countiet $ but 
the palatinate refuled to comply ; they 
addrefled the king by petition, letting 
forth, that the Englifli p had 

DO right to tax them, that they had a* 
parliament of their own, that they had 
always taxed themfelves, and there- 
fore defired the king to order his 

commiflTioners not to proceed «•„ — ^, 

the king received the nttition ; he did 
not declare them cither feditious or 
rebellious, but allowed their pica, 
and they taxed themfelves. Your 
' " may fee both the petition^ 

and the king^s anfwer in the records' 
ib the Tower. The clergy taxed 

themfelves : when the p at- . 

tempted to tax them, they ftoutly 
refufcd ; faid they were not rcpre- 
(ented there 5 that they Ivad a parlia- 
ment of their own, which repre fen ted 
the clergy j chat they would tax them- 
felves : they did fo. Much (Irefs has 
been laid upc^ Wales, before it was 
United as it Aow is, as if the king. 
ftanding in the place of their fprracr 
princes of that Country, raifed money 
by his own authority ; but the real 
ftd is oiherwifc 5 for I find that, long 
before Wales was fubdUcd, the 
northern counties of that principality 
had reprefentatives and a parliament 
/cb. 17W. 



89 

or aflcmbl/i . As to jrelandi, — * 
, before that kingdon^ had a 
p as it now has, if your 

L ' '■>■ . wiH exllntDtf the 6ld recbrdtfi^ 
you will find^ that when a tax was 
to be laid on that country, t&e'Ifi(h 
fent over here reprcfentativesj and 
^ fame records will inform ypuT 

■ I ■, what w^iges thofe reprefeo^ar. 
^ves received frem their cOnilicuents^ 
In ihort, my , from the whole 

of our hidory, f^om the earlieft period, 
vpu will find (hat taxation and le pre* 
fentation were always united} To true, 
are the words of that confuo^mate 
reafoncr and politician Mr. Locke. X 
before alluded to his book ^ I have 
s^gain confultcd him) and finding' 
what he writes (6 applicable to the, 
fubjefl in hand, and lomuchinfavguV 
pf my fentimenta, 1 beg your * 

leave to read a little of his hook* . , 
, «* The fupreme power cannot take 
from any man, any part of his pro- 
perty, without his Own confent j" and 
B. II. p. 136— iV9» partic:alarly 140. 
Such are the words of this great man, 
and which are well worth your. 

-^ fcrious attention. His prin-^ 

ciples are drawn from the heart ot our 
conltitutioR. which he thoroughly un- 
derwood, and will Uil as long as that 
fh.ill la(l} and, to hif immortal honupi^ . 
I know not to what, under providence, 
the revolutioif and all it9 happy ef-^ 
fe6t9, are jnore owing, than to t^ie . 
principles pf ^vernment laid down | 
by Mr. Locke. Ybr thefe reafons^-r 
.^^ ., I can never give my affent' 

to any bill fpr taxing the A "t— -» 

c , while they remain unret 

prefented j for as to the di(lin<EHon pr 
avirtualrcprcfentaiion, it is fo al^furd 
as not ta defcrve an anfwer; I there* 
fore pafs it over with contempt. 
The forefathers of the A did 

not leave their native country, and 
fiiUjefV themfelves to every danger and 
diftrefs, to be reduced to a Rate of 
flavcry : they did not" give up their 
rights 9 they looked for prote^ion,i. 
and not for chains, from their moUier 
country i by her they expcftcd to be 
defended In the pofleilion of thcif . 
property, and not to be deprived of 
It : for, fiioulJ the prcfent pojycr con*, 
tinuc, there is nothing which they* 
can call their own^, or, to ufe the 
words of Mr^ Locke, •• What'propcr- 

M tj 



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99 



To the AutJm ^/.ThcConfeffion^K 



^ ty can they havfc in that, which another 
mav, by right! take> '\vheb he pleafei; 
K) himfdf." 

7o ihe Autbor of u Wori^ mtitUd The 
Confefii^JlaU 
S I R, 

IN page -360 of your Gohfeflional,] 
you tell the publick, that, «« one 
of tti^ laft pieces publilhed on the tri- 
nity, was. An Appeal to the Common 
Senfe of all Chrifhan People^ &c- which' 
book, you add, lias pallbd through two 
editions without any fbirt of reply that 
you have heard of 5'' but you, fir, ha- 
iniig beard, fince this was written/ 
that Dr. Macdohel had anfwered the 
Abpeal; advcrtifc your readers of it 
Bjriubftituting this note at the bottom 
qf the frame page. 

•* When this was written I did not 
IttWW of Dr. MacdoneKs Anfwcr to 
the Appeal, and much lefs of the ap- 
pdhnlfs replication, intitled the Tri- 
nitarian Controverfy reviewed, printed^ 
ibr Millar, 1760. It is fomeihing, 
however, to ray purpofe, that no Eh^- 
liftiman of any hame ha» oflfered to 
confute the Appeal, andihat theAtha- 
ifafian dodlrine Teems to be confrgned' 
to the fole protection of our trifh^ 
champion, who makes fo indifferent i 
f^ure in the haiidr of the appellant, 
that probably we (hall hear no more 
of him ; the faid appellant having faid 
chough to deter wife men of both 
fidci from, meddling farther Jn the 
controverfy, unleft in the way of re- 
view,- = V' • 

-I can tell you, ftr,_ of fotae others' 
wholhave written again ft the Appeal. 
It has, lir, been anfwered by Mr. Laii- 
don, an ingenious clergyman in Kent. 
But, in my opinion, it has been an- 
fwered more effectually In the London 
Magazine; v^here the' controverfy be- 
tween the appellant and his opponent 
w^s carried on for about two years, 
though not without interruption for a 
month or two$ till at laft the appel- 
lant was fo miferably mauled, that he 
vfas glad to give over the conteft. In 
this controverfy tlie Appeal is pioved 
to be a paltry piece of impertinence, 
and its author aconce*^ted, weak man ; 
and for the truth of thefe aflcrtions I 
appeal tb every competent judge ♦. 
Perhaps you, (ir^ who profeu to ad- 



mire the Appeal, and who moreover 
have declaireo, that you areHnther 
afn^d nor ajbamed to eall for a r€*vie--zA^ 
tf our Triftttariaa forms'^ wHi ftep fbrtlx 
to the defence of your dlfcomfited 
friehdi If this Ihould be the cafe, I 
do'hot think you wjll have caufe to 
p6'niplain, that no notice is taken o£* 
you. In the mean time, candour otili- 
gcth me to grant that, if the Appeal 
be confuted, it is confuted by k writer 
^o has no name. But, furely, thii^ 
circumftance is a mere trifle, efpecial- 
ly, if it be remembered, that the au- 
thbr of theAppcal is hinifelf zip at^ony- 
mous writer, and that' 'the fame is 
true of the fagacious author of the 
Cdnfeflional. 

As cveiy human work is fure to bcai* 
fignatures of humanity, it would be 
foolifh to think our Lutirgy abfolutely 
perfe6V; it is, probabl^i in many parts 
inaccurate both in fentiment and ex- 
fi^flion, and glad {hould I'be if thefe 
inaccuracies were rcmo'ved : But the 
mieftioti is, who fliall remove them ?* 
Ybu, good (ir, are, I krtoi^, ready to 
offef your fervice; but before;we rrou- 
bleyou, it will be civil to infbrm our-* 
felves, whether you be qualified foi' 
fpch an undertaking j in order thereto* 
it mayliot be amiS to examine how 
s^ccurate your own writings are. 

Be it then remarked that your note^ 
quoted above, begins with thefe words^ 
•* When this was written I did not 
know of Dr. Macdoner« anfwer to the 
Appeal, and much lefs of the appel- 
lant's replication.^* Now^ fir, it is to 
me inconceivable, how you can know' 
much lefs of one thing, than of ano-' 
ther of which you know uothing. 

In the fame page from whence this 
note wns taken, aie to be found the 
following words, " Many of the con- 
gregations where the Athanafiah creed 
has been difufed, if, by accident, aa 
officiating (tranger {hould read ic to 
them in its courfe, have been known 
to fignify their diflike and furprize by- 
very manifeft tokens :'* J^ow it is re- 
markable, that in the qext page but 
one to this, viz. p. 358, you tell us, 
that " the common people are not 
much offended at the do6lrines of the 
Trinity, and that few of them form, 
any ideas about themT^ This, fir, 
looks fomething like a contradi^ioi> i. 



^' This contrti*verJj began in the MagaztKcfor November, 1764, 



'U 



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17^8. 



Ohfervation m Ephcfi 



\i bebg incredible, that the comtx^on 
people Ihould didUce what doth nc4 
offend thezn ; or that they (bov^d ex** 
preis their (urprize at do^rines about 
which they do not form any ideasi 
Voa will, not, I prcfumc, tell me that 
thefe congregations did not confift ot 
common people, but of profound phi- 
lofophers ana metaphyilcia/is. Neither 
can you be Co weak as to fay that their 
lurpnze and diflike to the Athanafian 
creed was owing to their being difu- 
fed to it I becaufe this would render 
your inilance impertinent j thefe con- 
eregations would, for the fame rea- 
lon, exprels their furprize and diflike 
at hearing any other pare of our Li- 
turgy, even the Lord's prayer. 

Again in the iame page, viz. p. 
35S, you begin a paragraph thus: 
" Soft and fair. Let the difquifitors 
anfwcr for themfelvcs, and their own 
views and principles ; but do not pn- 
j»*^ge them bifonbandy This, fir, 
{eemeth to me as good fenfe and £ng- 
^Oi, at if you (hould fay to a man, do 
not prtceJg me befort me. 

I defire my readers to obfervc, that 
the parages on which thefe remarks 
are made, are not fcparated by more 
than one page, as they will thereby be 
the better enabled to judge how near- 
ly oor Liturgy will be made to ap- 
proach pcifcftion by the touch of your 
reforming hand. 

And now, fir, having made thus 
free with you, juftice and candour o- 
blige roc to declare, that 1 do not 
think you, either in learning or natU; 
ra] talents, by any means inferior to 
the moft able of your worthy JFricnds, 
(be Free and candid Dilquifltors. Your 
fault lies in thinking too highly of 
yourielf j you deem yourfelf qualified 
to inftru^ the learned world : This it 
a grofs miftake, and I am very forry 
that you are fallen into it : ]^or thougn 
1 well know that your pen can have no 
other effc6l with men of judgment 
than to excite a fn^ile, yet let me tell 
you that, among the multitude, it 
may do much mifchief 5 this is a Icri- 
oui ali'air. 

1 am. Sir, your's, kc. A. B. 

r# the AUTHOR of the LONDON 
MAGAZINE. 
SIR, 

YOl/R correfpondent ^Mag. for 
Jan. p. 4..) is not laci&fitd With 

• Sirmoftjf as hefu 



lan^ ii. 3« ^t 

my obferratiic^ns hpon £ph. 11. ^. He 
now ^ailedges. Gal. ii. 15. vifhere, as 
■&c fays, Jt'ws by nature is by birth; 
In anfwer to which I fay, that the 
^poiUe intends to include profefyte?^ 
as well as fuch as we^e born of jewifl) 
parents. For. they alfo were Jews. So 
Efth. viii. 17.. And many of the people ^ 
the land became Je^s. Here, in Gal, 
ii. 15. the two great divifions of man- 
kind, at that time, are reprerentecj 
by yeivs and Gentiles. In other places, 
and very frequently, it is drcumcifed 
and uncircumcifedf circumctjion and un^^ 
ctrcumcifion. But lio man is born cir^ 
cumcifed. It is a mark fixed in the 
flefli afterwards : Nor has a perfon, 
defcendcd of Jcwifli parents, any ad- 
vanta^^e by his birthi^ unlefs he be cir- 
cumcilcd according to the law of Mofes, 
If that is omitted, he is not a Jew, 
but a mere Gentile. So ^hat all de- 
pends upon circumcifion- And, as ijt 
has been faid^ CbriAianus non nafcitur, 
fed ft : It may be likewifc iaid, a Jew 
is not born, but tnade fo. 

Yoiii* correfpondent now alfo brings 
in the words of Pf. Ii. 7. which indeed 
have been often alledgcd to prove the 
general corruption of the human na- 
ture: But are no proof at all. Here 
again, the author, formerly cjuote(^ 
may be of ufe to us *.** Some, lays he, 
are early drawn afide into evil courfes, 
by the fhares of this world. Which 
occationed the Pfalmin: to fay hyp^rbq- 
lically of^ foroe wicked men : Tvey arg 
ef ranged from the loomb, Tbey go aJJrini, 
as jbon as they are horn. And in like 
manner David, after the coinmifTipns 
of the great fms lie had falltn into, 
recoUe^^s alfo his pait offences, and 
fays, he ^ad been Jbapen in iniquity y and 
infti bad bis mother conceived hint: That 
is, he laments his. too great propenncy 
to fome (ins, and humbly owns, that 
even in early life he had done things, 
which he ought, to repent of, ^nd 
blame himfclf for. But he is here 
fpeaking of himfelffc Or his ovvn par- 
ticular conlUtution, *'nbt of all men in 
general." All which is agreeable to 
•Grotius upon the place. To whom 
therefore, and to other judicious com^ 
mentators,, I refer the objeflpr j if hip 
is iliil diiiatisfied. I do not intend to 
write any raoie upon this fubj eft j for 
1 am not able to Uy any thing more, 
or heuer, than what has been already 
faid by others. N. N. 

M 7, TH£0. 

r/, p. 151, 153. 



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9^ T H p O L Q G I C A 3L 

THEOLOGICAL QJIEIUES. 



Feb. 



J, YT O W 11 it poflible unanimity 

XJL in reli^on (bould fubfift, bu^ 
lipon the bafis of plain, intelligibfe, 
(evident, rational, AibfUntial and im- 
portant truth ? 

a. Can a religion that, in an efjpe- 
cial manner, exhorts ^11 its profeflors 
to perfeverancc in the praftice of love 
^na charity, be fuppofed to require a 
pofitive and abfolute belief of thing*, 
that can never bc'fatisfaftorily cleared 
up, explained, and reconciled with 
reafon ; and which, therefore, if a be- 
lief of the articles contained therein 
be deemed of real importance, muft 
occailon endlefs difputes and animo.- 
11 ties ? For how can a difpute be de- 
termined about a point, that accord- 
ing to the prefcnt fuppofition, cannot 

poflibly be fo much as explained, a^cmciii. lu an i.icdiiirc» lu \. 
much lefs proved to the fatisfa61ion of and improve that principle, 
thofe who oppofe it ? . 

3. Does not natural religion chiefly 
and principally confift, in the belief 
pf an implied or tacit promifc, made 
l)y the Creator of all things, of reward- 
ing thofe, who through the influence 
of the belief of fuch promife, dili- 
gently ferve him f 

4. Can the Almighty Creator of all 
things, be obliged by any thing but 
his promife 5 and can he do any inju- 
ry, and be guilty of injuftice towards 
;my cr«ature, unlefs uponfuppofition of 
the fubflrtence of fome promife either 
cxprefs or implied, conveying a right 
to better treatment ? 

5. Is it poflible to reconcile God*s 
moral attributes with each other, 
but by fuppoiing they all center and 
unite, and arc all founded ' in his ve- 
racity, and the ftability of his promifes? 

6. How can God manifeft the cx- 
tenfivenefs of his goodnefs, but by 
means of manifefting the exteniiveneis 
of his truth ? 

7. Can the fecure, compleat, and 
everlafting happinefs of the creatures, 
be founded in any thing but the ve- 
racity of God, and the finnnefs and 
fledfaflnefs of his word ? 

S. Whether it did not pleafe God 
tp pardon the flnt of men^ on account 
of the death of Chrift, not becaufe 
there was any real merit in his fuf- 
ferings with refpe(t to God, nor be- 
caufe Chrift's righteoufnefs was here- 
by m^de oqn ^y imputation, but be- 



caufe by fulfilling his promifle of ex-» 
pofing his beloved fon, and whom he 
liad appointed heir of all things, to 
fuch fufferings, and conftituting himi 
Lord of all, according to hb promife^ 
as the reward of his IbfTerings, h« 
could experimentally give the'ftronge^ 
evidence to all creatures, of his abfo* 
lute determination to fulfil all his pro- 
mifes, and confequently advance tiieir 
happinefs to the greatefl height, and 
eftablifli it upon the firmed and fureft 
foundation — could plainly (hew by 
Chrift's exaltation as the reward of 
bis fuflTcring through the influence of 
a firm belief of the promifes of God« 
that all fuch (and fuch only) fliould 
be abundantly rewarded, and reputed 
fons of Ged^ as fhould follo^ the ex- 
ample of his faith and patience, and 
could thus give the greateil encour*- 
agemcnt to all creatures to cultivate 
, \ I upon 
which all compleat, fecired'cverlafung 
happinefs muft depend-— and could 
likewife make it manifeft, that ho^r 
merciful foevcr he might be in forgiv- 
ing other fins, yet that a wilful, ob- 
(linate, and malicious denial of his ve- 
racity (a true principle in its own na^ 
ture utterly inconfiftent with true hap- 
pinefs) fliall never be forgiven > 

9. Is the univefal eflablifhment of a 
meer moral eovcrnment, reconcilable 
with the wifdom and goodnefs of God> 

10. Is it confiftent with wifdom and 
goodnefs to make none truly happy, 
becaufe fome, and it may be the 
greater part will not cultivate and im- 
prove in their fouls that principle, 
upon which alone true happinefs can be 
founded and eflablifhed ? 

1 1. Is not the fuppofition of Chrift's . 
having /bffered only with refpeft to an 
imagined human (bul, and of his be- 
ing one fabftance with the father and 
impaflible, manifeftly fubverfivc of the 
whole end and dcfign of. the redemp- 
tion : and upon fuch fuppofition, caa 
any rational connexion be conceived 
between the fufferings of Chrifl, and 
the pardon of our fins ? 

i». Can creatinic and preferyinc^ a 
world in compliance »^ith the will of 
another, of itfelf give a right to an ab- 
folute power and authority over it | 
though it cannot but be allowed to be 
a qualification for being invefted with 
fqch power ? ^ . 

J 3. If ihc father willed to create a 

Vprid, 



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iy€i. 



Q^ U : E R I E S. 



93 



wwkf, could be not do according to 
\h wilt, unlcfs the ion willed it likewife? ' 

14. U Cbrift's right to divine wor- 
iijp Iboiided In bis natural perftdions— 
n hit being creator and prcferver of 
aQ things ^^r In his mediatorial office ? 

1 5. Sappofing a being of the greateft 
poflible perfe^ion (1 (jpeak of natural 
not moral perfefHon) ihould create a 
world » and commit to another of com- 
paradvelj inferior perfe^ont, the in- 
tire and abfolute eovernment thereof, 
and the whole difpofal of tytry thing 
therein, in fuch manner as to take no 
tfaoQ^t, nor in the leaft to concern 
himfelf about it— to which of them 
wtwld divine woHhip be due P 

s6» Moft not Chnft's right to judge 
and fovtm all things* and his rijgbt 
to divine worfhip, of neceflity be (up- 
po&d to be founded in one and the 
fame thihg ? 

17. Does It not appear from the 
fbUowipg texts, that thrift's right to 
jodee and govern all things is founded 
u his mematorial office ? Heb. i. 3. 
%. 9. a»<^ IS. %. John 5. iij «iy 23, 
S7, S7. Phil. a. S* 9, 10, 11. Luke 29. 
sS. 

iS. If Chrift was reftored to the fame| 
|lory, as the reward of his fufferin^s, 
after his death and refurre&ion, which 
he bad with the^ Father be/ort tbi 
mtmrU was \ does it not clearlv follow, 
that the glory he had with tnc father 
bdbre the creation, was enjoyed bv 
him in virtue of his proroife of fuf- 
fering, and as the reward of his fu- 
ture fofferings to be undergone, ac- 
cording to the will of his father, for 
the advancement of the happinefs of 
all his creatures ? For if his glory, 
his authority to judge and govern the 
world, was the reward of his fufFer-. 
ings in one cafe, Why not in the other? 
There was however this circuinftan- 
tial difference, which may account 
for Irveratexpreirions In fcripture, that 
the glory which he had before his fuf- 
ferings, he enjoyed conditionally* jot 
in vimie of Kti promife of performing 
certain conditions, whereas he enjoyed 
it afterwards unconditionally, or as 
one that had performed the condi- 
tionf required. 

19. If Chrif^, in (cripture, more 
cfpeciall> confidcred as the fon of God, 
hecaufe before his incarnation he go- 
verned all things, in virtue of nis 
promife of perfo|rining certain condi- 



^ns, and becaufis af^er his refiirrec- 
tion he was conftituted heir and joni 
of all things $ or becaufe he proceeded 
from the Father by eternal generationf 
«o. If the father create all things^ 
and governs them, and redeemed 
mankind by Jefus Chrift who is lord 
of all i if Jeliis Chrift (whether finite 
or infinite, dependent or independent 
by nature^ equal to or comparatively 
inferior to the father in natural per- 
fections, though infinitely fuperior 
therein to the creatures whom he has^ 
made) always has, and always will 
with refpe61f to the creation and go-* 
vernment of the whole world, aA ac* 
cording to the will and counfel of his 
Father, may he not be truly faid to 
do all tilings that the Father doth^ and 
be properly called and worihiped as 
one God with the Father? Mull he not 
of neceflity have a right to equal 
worlhip with the Father ? Muft he not 
even upon fuppofition of no unity 
of fubttance, confidered as the obje6t 
of our worihip, be thouEht diftin^, 
yet inieperable from the father ? For 
how can we honour the Father as crea- 
-tor, preierver ; redeemer, judge and 
difpofer of all things, and not equally 
honour in the fame refpedls the fon 
likewife ? Will not the only difference 
be, that we (hall wecOiip the Father as 
the fountain and origin of all being 
and all good ; and the fon as deriving 
all power and authority from the fa- 
ther, and governing all things, and 
difpenfing all bleflings (tbo* conftitut. 
ed abfolute Lord of all) according t» 
the will of his father, doing alnuays tbtfe 
tb'mgs that pUafe bim F And what is 
this but wodhipping the Son as the Son, 
and the Father as the Father ?' 
. SI. Can there pofTihly be any idola- 
try, or any blafphemy, in worfhippiug 
the true God and governor of the 
world, in acknowledging his truths 
and in perfeverinjg in the belief of his 
being a fulfiiler, m the hight ft degree, 
of his word and promife in all things ? 

To the Printer oftbe Public Advcrtifer. 
SIR. 

SINCE my return to this city, I find 
that Mr. A. has publiihed (otsm 
funber remarks upon my letter, relat- 
ing to the bounty upon the exporta- 
tion of our corn. (See laft vol. p. $52.) 
I would not aifront fo polite and 
fo elegant an author, by defiring h\m 

to 



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94 



Opinien on Sutton'i Ititttda^on. 



Vk\i\ 



to took Hlt6 ant ^^ ^^ Hdicnlout ef- 
fftys, publiihed by. that bftnd of geh- 
tiemen who vefrt their opinions through 
^e ihediiim of the public papersj but 
"%. hope I maVi without affronting his 
degance, den^e hiiti to 109k into BiOrop 
pleetwood'8 Chronicon Preciojiim, bc- 
eaufe he may there fee that the com- 
iMm price of Britilh wheat in the be- 
ginning of Queen EliKabeth^a reign 
y^zjk at 88. per quarter, though the 
p^efent ftandard of our coin had been 
Ibttled in the firft year of her r6ign. 

He lAay there likewife fee, that the 
liigh pf^ce of oar wheat in 1587 and 
Y 595i was occafioned by an exceili?e ex- 
portatton) and in p. 76 he may fee, that 
ib longfince a8 in 1 j39> fomc ui)der- 
takers contrafted with our government 
t^o fomiih their army in Scotland with 



John Pringle to Mr. Brady at BrttflelfJ 
dated London the 6th ot May» 1767, 
upon the fobjeft of the inoculation oC 
the fmall-pox. 

They humbly beg leave to ob/erve, 
that no report whatfoever, in relpe^ 
to the gentral fuccefs of inoculation 
in this Country, can greatly exceed the 
truth ; that for many years pai fcarce 
one in a thoufand has failed uiider the 
inoculated fmall-pox, even before the 
time of the Suttons, where the pa- 
tients haVe been properly prepared 
before, and rightly treatea during 
the eruption, withrefpedto External 
heat, diet, cooling and openinjg me- 
dicines. 

That by a fteJsidy obfervance of tbcfi^ 
rules, and by a much freer ufe of the 
open and even cold air, than was far- 



90000 quarters of wheat and malt, to merly known in this coulitry, MefH-s. 
be delivered at Berwick, or in Leith Suttons and others have communicated 



road, at 9s. per quarter. In fhort, 
fh>m the whole tenor of our biftory, 
it is evident that our armies and gar- 
Itfons^ both in France and Scotland, 
were always furnilhed with corii and 
malt from England. 

Thefe fa6ls I thought myfclf ob- 



liged to mention, in order to (hew> cefs of it daily^ 



the fmall-pox with very great fuccefs^ 
and hav^ thrown fome new lights upon 
the fubjeA of inoculation, particularly 
with rerpe£t to the expofmg of patients 
to the open air \ that the inoculatori 
vtk Englanti in general have adoptM 
this method, and experience the fuc- 



that the common price of Briiifh 
^heat has been much lower than it 
is now fold for ; and that we had* a 
great exportation long before any 
bounty was granted upon it. 

I am, Sir, &c. 
#eb. fr. B. 

'ihe opinion of bis Majtfifs Pbjficiaui 
and Surgions, given Jan. 23, 1768, 
in regttrd to Mejfrs, Sutton^s Practice 
in Inoculation^ in confequenet of a Let- 
ttr froiH Sir John Pringle, dated 
London, May 6, 1767, to Mr, 
Brady at Bruflels, and another from 
Count Kaunitz Rittberg, dated Vi. 
. enna, Dec. 17, 1767, to Count Sei- 
lern, Ambafadof from tbe Emprefi 
S^en to tbe King 0} Great-Briuin. 
London^ Jan. 23, 1768. 

THE phyiicians and furgeons of 
the king of Great Britain, in 
obedience to his majeftv's commands, 
ItiinfmHted to them by the earl of 
Hertford, his majefty's Lord Cham- 
berlain, have perufed and duly con- 
fidered two letters delivered to them \ 
dne from Count Kaunitz to Count 
deilern, dated Vienna the 17th of De- 
cember, 17675 the other from Sir 



That they are of opinion, thit the 
ibccefs, of Meilrs. Suttons is td be at- 
attributed to the advantages ariting 
from the 'Oppofition to colder air> 
from a judicious treatment, and tbe 
due obfervance of fome other rules^ 
which have ufually been followed in this 
country before, and not to any peculiar 
noflrttmi or jpecific remedy. 

That they have no doubt, but that 
the method of inoculation, pra6li fed 
in England with fuch nniverfal fuccefs^ 
would be as fuccefsful at Vienna, pro- 
vided the inoculation was performeci 
with the fame (kill and prudence, and 
the patients were equally fubmiUlve to 
the rules dire^^ed. 

In anfwer to the extract from Sir 
John Pringle's letter they beg leave to 
make the following obfervation^ : It is 
faid that the number of puftules oh ihe 
whole body of a patient inoculated by 
Sutton docs not exceed one hundred, 
or two hundred at mo(l, commonly 
not a dozen : If it is meant that the 
number of puftules can be determineti^ 
and that they will ne*ver exceed two 
hundred, they beg leave to obfeive, 
that t)iis is not an eXa6l reurefentation 
Of the cafe > for though it will very 
frequently 



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nS9. 



£efihimn^' fc?r; ^/ tt^ QmmonL 



fireqaea^X bappftn lh^t the num* 
ber of puftules will not be more than a 
dozcQ, yet fometimeSy though very 
rarely, they wiU greatly exceed tW9 
huDdfj^d. 

It is faldthat Sutton does not re? 
anire Ills patients to keep in dgorst 
This paila^e feems to imply that it is 
at the. option of the patients whether 
they will go out or no i but the truth 
is, they are ilri^y enjoined to go 
abroad* and to expoie themfelvrt 
to the open air. It b /a|d that Sutton 
has inoculated 40,000 patients nuitbvut 
1^ •nt. They are not able to afcer* 
tain the number that He has inoculat- 
ed, but believe he has failed fo verv 
feUoQb ^bat tbey dp not ;hink that it 
ought to. be con^ered as any objc^on 
to his method. 

Sir John Pringle adds, that when 
SattoQ is called to people in the natu- 
re fmall-pox, who areindaneer and 
at the height, or crifis of the diftemper, 
the ftrft thing that he does to relieve 
tbem is, to expofe them to the open 
air, to carry them into it if it be pof- 
fible, and this even in the winter ; and 
if they are oot in a (:Qnditipn to be 
removed, he orders all the windows' 
and bed-curtains to be thrown open. 
They apprehend this pra3ice has been 
foand unfucce&ful. 

The Suttons are undoubtedly in 
foise refpe&s improvers in the art of 
inoculation, but by applying their 
roles too generally, and by their not 
making a proper allowance for the 
difference of the con^tutions, have 
frequently done harm. AH their im- 
provements have been adopted by 
ocher inoculators, and in the bands of 
isifSt the art feems to be carried to 
great perfc^on. 

i^-^i^.'^^i!:^ 

D.MlDDI^TOH. . y'^^'^t^ 

i %tf^utioa and Order of the Houfe of 
Conmotu* 
Lunae, %^ Die Februarii, 1768. 
Rcfolved, 

THAT fuch part of the capital 
ftock of annuitiea after the rate 
•ffi»ur pounds per centuin, eit|U)li{hed 



95 

by an aA paade in the third year qf 
hi^ i^ijefty's reign, intituled, an a6^ 
for granting to his tnajefly /evtral 
additional duties upon wines imported 
into this'^kingdom, and certain duties 
iHX>n ¥U eyder and perry, and fot 
raifing the fum of thi-ee miilion five 
hundred thoniEand pounds by way of 
aniiuities and lotteries to be charged 
on the faid duties, as (hall remain af- 
ter |h9 5th day of Jul;^ next, be re-» 
dcam^ and paid oifF in manner fbi-i 
(owing ; that is to fay, one half o€ 
Aich remaining part of Uie faid capital 
ftock of annuities on the loth day of 
O^tpber next, and the other half, be« 
ing the reiidue of fuch .capital ftock^ 
on the 5th day of January 1769^ after 
difchargbg the intereft due on each 
9f the iaid dsys upon the reipeftive 
parts of the faid capital ftock which in 
then to be redeemed and paid off* 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Speaker do forthwith gvm 
notice^ that inch pare of the capital 
goelc of annuities after the rate of 
four pounds per centum, eftablifiied 
by an aft made in the third year of hie 
majefty^s reign, intituled, an aft -for 
granting to his ma)efty fereral addi-^ 
tional d^cs upon wines imported 
into this kingdom, and certain dutien 
upon all cyder and perry, and for 
raifing the Aim of three fanttion five 
hundred thoufand pounds by way of 
annuities and lotteriei^ to be charged 
on the laid duties, as iball remain af- 
ter the 51^ d^ of July next, will 
be redeemed and paid off in naanner 
following ; that is to fay, one half o£ 
fuch remaining part of the faid capi- 
tal ftock of annuities on the loch day 
of Oftober next, and the other half 
being the residue of fudt capital ftock, 
s^n the 5th day of January 1769, after 
difcharging the intereft due on each 
c^ the laid days, upon the refpeftive 
parts of the faid capiml ft»>ck which is 
then to be redeemed and paid oif» 
agreeable to the claufes and powers 
of redemption contained in the faid aft* 

Which refolution and order, thus 
iignifiecl and publifhed by me, art to* 
be fuftiLient notice of the repayment 
of the remaining part of the principal 
fnm for which the faid annuities were- 
eftablifhed, and of the redemption of. 
the remainder of the faid annuities. 

J. CUST, SpiOhiT. 

Am 



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9^ 



jkcount of the Mud-tnguana. 



Ah Account of an Amphibious Bipis ; hy 
John Ellis, Efq\ F. R. S. To tbi 
Ro)al Sociitj, 

[Read June 5, 1766.] 

THE SB two (pecimens of a re- 
markable kind of animal, which 
I have the honour to lay before this 
Royal Society, I received laft fummer 
from Dr. Alexander Garden, of 
Charles-town, South Carolina, who 
lays, it is evidently a new genus not 
jet taken notice of by naturalifts^ and 
that it appears to him, to come from 
the Muraena and the Lacerta. 

The natives call it by the name of 
Mud-Ineuana. 

It is found in fwan^py and muddy 
places, by the fides of pools, under the 
ti'unks of old trees that bang over the 
water. 

The lefler one B, [fee the Plate} 
which is preferved in fpirits, meafures 
about nine inches in length, and ap- 
pears to be a very young ftate of the 
animal, as we may obferve from the 
iin of the tail and the opercula or co« 
▼erings of the gills being not yet ex- 
tended to their full fize. There oper« 
cula, in their prefent ftate, confift 
each of three indented lobes, hiding 
the gills from view, and are placed 
|uft above the two feet. The(e feet 
appear Uke little arms and hands, each 
furniflied with four fingers, and each 
finger with a claw. 

In the fpecimen A, which is about 
tiiirty-oiie inches long, the bead is 
fomethinglike an eel, but more com- 
jprefted : The eyes are fmall and pla- 
ced as thofe of the eel are, in this 
they are fcarce viiible : This fmallnefs 
of the eye beft iuits an animal that 
lives fo much in mud. Vht noftrils 
are very plainly to be didinguifhed ; 
thefe, with the gills and the remark, 
hie length of thelun^s, (hew it to be 
a true amphibioas animal. The mouth 
is fmall in proportion to the body ( 
but its palate and in fide of the lower 
jaw (fee fig. C) are well provided 
with many rows of pointed teeth j 
with this provifion of nature, added 
to the (harp exterior bony edges of 
both the upper and under jaw, the 
animal feems capable of biting and 
grinding the bardeft kind of food. 
The (km which is black, is full of 
fmall fcaies, r€fem|>Ung chagrin. Thefe 
S 



fcaies are of different (izes and (hapes 
accordinfir to their fituation, but all 
appear (unk into its gelatinous fur- 
face : Thdfe along the back and belly 
are of an oblong oval form, and clo/e 
fet together : in the other parts, they 
are round and more diftind. Both 
the fides are mottled with fmall white 
fpotSy and have two diftin^ lines 
compofed of fmall white (treaks, con* 
tinned along from the feet to the tail. 
The fin of the tail hit no rays, and is 
no more than ad adidofe membrane 
like that of the eel ; this fin appears 
more diftin£tly in the dry aniifial than 
in thofe that have been prefer ved in 
fpirits. 

^ The opercular or coverings to the 
plls in dry fpecimens appear fhrivel- 
led up, but yet we may plainly fee they 
have been doubly pennated. Under 
thefe coverings, are the openings to 
ttie gills, three on each fide, agreeable 
to the number of the opercula. la 
the plate at fig. F. the fins are repre- 
ftnted as they appear when juft taken 
out of the water and put into fpirits 
of wine. 

The|ormof thefe pennated cover- 
ings approach very near to what I have 
fome time ago obferved, in the larva» 
or aquatic ftate of our Englifh lacerta, 
known by the name of eft or newt 
(fee fig. D and E) which fcrve them 
for coverings to their gills, and far 
fins to fwim with during this (late } 
2(nd which they lofe, as well as the 
fin of their tails, when they change 
their (late and become land animals ; 
as I have obferved by keeping them 
alive for Come time mylclf. 

Recollefting thefe obfervations on 
the changed of our Hzard, and at the 
fame time the many remarkable clian* 
ges in frogs, JL began to fulpcft . whe- 
ther the animal might not be the laj-- 
va ftate of fome large kind of lizard j 
and therefore requetted* the favour of 
Pr. Solander, to examine with me 
the lacertas in the Britifh Mufeum ; 
that we might fee whether any of the 
young ones had only two feet; but, 
after carefully going through m^y 
kinds, we could plainly difcover fqur 
feet perfe^iy formed, even fn thofe 
that were juft conwng out of their 

During this ftate of uncertainty, I 
forwarded to Dr, Linnaeus of- Upfal, 

at 



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ty68. 



''Jcewnt tf Mr. Robertfoi): 



97 



at Dr. CtHe&'^f 'itqueft, hit account Tinced, that It is quite a new gtalif ^ 

cf the largeft rpedmeiiy and, at the the animal Idogdom. 

tout tiihey renthim one of the fmallar 

i^edment prefenred in fpirits/ defirinir 

lua opinioQy for Dr. Cirden'tf at wefi 

«l my own, (adtCiftioii. 

Aboat the latter end of January laft 
I was favdmed with na anfwer from 
the profeflbry dated Upfal» December 
^f ^l^i* wherein he lays, 

** I reGetred \>t. Garden's yery 
rare two-footed animal with gills and 
hmgt. The animal is probably the 
Isra of fbme kind of laorrta, which I 
fcry much defire that he will particu« 
larlf etKjiiire into. 

If it does not undergo acbange, it 
bdoi^t to the order o? Nantes, which 
bave both longs and gills $ and if To, 
It mnft be a new and very diftin^ 
genns, and fliouUl moft properly have 
the name of Siren. 

I cannot poflibty defcribe to yon how 
mnch this two footed animal has exer- 
died my thoughts \ if it is a larva, he 
wiM no doubt find Tome of them with 
(borfeet. 

It is not an eafy matter to reconcile 
irto the larva of the lizard tribe, its 
fiagers being furnilhed with claws j 
all the larvas of lizards, that I know, 
are^vithout them (digitu muticis,) 

Then alfo the branchis or gills are 
not to be met with in the aaaatic fala* 
naaders, which are probably the lar- 
vas of lizacdsy 

Further, the croaking noiie or (bond 
St maket does not agree with the larvas 
of thefe animals | nor does the (itoa- 
tioAof tbeanus. 

« 5o that there is no creature tliit ever 
I (aw, that I long (o much ^q be 
convinced of the truth, as wl^,^ this 
wili certainly turn out to be.'* 

I amj with the greateft refpeA, 
the Royal Society's 
moft obedient humble fervant, 
Gray's Inn, June 5, 1766. J. Ellis* 

P. S. In a letter lately received from 
Dt: Garden, he mentions one remark- 
tble property in this animal, which is, 
that hie fervant endeavouring to kill 
toe of them, by dafhiog it againft the 
fioaet, it broke in^o three or four 
pieces : he further fanrt, that he hat 
■kI an opportunity of feeing many of 
them lately of a much larger fize, 
Md that he never i^w one with more 
t^ two feet I fb tbat he is folly con* 

Fcb.X76S. 



IT havin|^ been enquired, by a corre« 
/pendent of the London Chronicle, 
what became of Mr. Robertfbn, fines 
he wrote the honeft letter in ferted in 
our laft vol. page 625, the following 
' anfwer was returned. 

^0 Mr. Andrew MarveU, jua* 

SIR, 

,TH£ Mr. Robertfon^ whom yon 
are pleafed to enquire after, in the 
London Chronicle, being now in Lon« 
don, and beft acquainted with what 
you would be informed of, 'returns 
thefe anfwers to the queftlonsyou pro* 
pofe. But firi^ he muft allure vou, 
that the Uttir, and many extracts m>m 
his book, were inferted in the Chro- 
nicle, Magazines, Sec. without the leaft 
dire^ion from him, mediately or im- 
mediately. 

The ffood biihop, for whom my 
heart ftill glows with warmeft gratis* 
tude, anfwercd my letter in the moft 
friendly manner, and faid he was forry 
that I myfelf had prevented him from 
doing what he intended for me < And 
in fome private converfations after- 
wards, he expreiTed much concern, 
that the law obliged him to infift upon 
my fobfcribing, declaring. Sec, and 
that it was not in his power to dif* 
penfe with it. He then beftowed the 
benefices, which I had dedined, upon 
another clergyman. 

This tranu^ion between his lord- 
^ip and me Toon became matter of 
^mmon talk, and I was looked upon 
ps a dangerous heretic. 

You will eafily imagine what were 
the oanfequences of this chara6Ver. I 
will only mention one. I intreated 
my lord, ibme time after, to ufe hia 
intereft to obtain fome employment for 
me that would not be fnconAilent with^ 
thefe fcruples which then prevailed in 
my mind ; But he told me, very pru» 
dentfyf that he would not engage in 
any fuch fuch matter ; and I never faw 
him after. 

Thefe new notions which had got 
into my mind, engaged me to read 
and think much upon the ^bje61s of 
them $ and in a few years 1 di^eded 
my thoughts into fome method, and 
publifheo a book intituled, An Attempt 
to explain the words Rclfon, Subftance» 
~N perfottt 



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9? Poetical Essays ij-FtBRUAay, 1768. 

Pfribn, &c«. which hath bcea favoiM:- d^lare ^gainft things t]||t ILrthdd lA 
ably received b> the public 4'«h»gl*«ttyc'»c«'ation. -^ ^ 



rerceiving that I' bad nothing to ex- 
p^Ct in Ireland, I came here laft fuip- 
nier» with ftrong recommendations to 
lame people of coniequ^nce. But I 
ftiid, how hard i^ is for a ftranger to 
get into any employment, ejpecully a 
tb-anger» who has had the aifurance to 



Ihavc^hchdhpur to 1?<, Sir, 
Youir naoil obedient, 

humble fcryant, 

Ay. ROBERTSOir. 

Frm 4fr. ilf«r//V/, (No. j^i.) Ftat^ 
Jfreetf Feb. i^. 1768. 



P O E T I C A L E S S A Y S. 



Jit Rfvtmd ilfr. T , yUar of A— — 

MM Osoo» tfi his Elbow Caxit. 

LOLLING at eafe, and ?oid of care. 
Whom rather ihall I raife to fame^ 
Thin thou my muchlov'd Elbow Chair, 

Who thui roppoft*ft my pinguid frame f 
When * Henry long and f Richard fought. 

And .£n|laQd bled in ci?iJ war* 
What was their glorious aim ^— No doubt 

'Twat that bevritchiog { Elbow Chair. 
8p have I feen whole winter nigbta 

The bottle (land, the tale fufpended. 
While to tbfs chair two ftubborn wighu 

Have each an equal claim defended. 
That ranting youth, now foe to reft, 

Whofe limba a fatal vigour warms, 
Shidl laoiuifli foon, and fly, more bleft, 

Tb yoor*s, than Sylvia*s fpreading armi. 

! may 1 long enjoy thy charms. 
By agie more food, more cooftant grown j 

Forget each care within thy arms, 
Nor envy George his triple throne. 

Tk Mifi PoLtY RXYNOLD. 

WH |E N firft your rifing charms I fiiw. 
New raptures fiil*d my heart j 
Struck dumb with wonder, love and awe, 

1 view'd the coming dart r 
But when your wit by fenfe refia*d. 

In endleft fweetnels rofe. 
When beauty, wit and fenfe €ombtn*d, 
'Twas madneft to oppofe. 

1 yield, I yield ! refiftleis fair, 

O fpare the heart youWe woo \ 
An^ kindly liden to my pray*r | 
Or, PoUy, I'm undone! 

W MAN fV. LOVE. 

% Lady M*-y W^y M e. 

VUmmequi m ft trouve point & ^fg trou* 
n/era jttm»ix, 

TH E man who feels the dear diieafe, 
Forgets himfelf , neglefts to pleafe : 
The cro«ird avoids and f<ieks the groves, ■ 
And much he thinks when much he love^ j 
Prefs'd With alternate b«pe and fen. 
^hs in her abfeocc, %bs. when./hc is near. 



! fay, the fond, the fair, the youna.' ^ 
>fe trifles pafs cnfeen along : ° ^ 

him a p^rt, infipid thron|;. ^ 



• Ibnrj riL 



Thn 
Thofc \ 

To him ^ . . 

But moft he fliuni the vain coqott | 
Contemns her falfe a(fe£ted wit s 
The miiiftrel*s (bond, the flowing bowl^ 
Opprefi and hurt the am*roaf (oui, 
*Tis iblitgde alone can pleaie. 
And gives fome intervals of ea fe. 
He feeds the foft dlftemper there^ 
Aod fondly courts the diAant fair | 
To balls, the filent fliade prefers. 
And hates all other charms but hert. 
When thus your abfent fwain can do, 
Mojly, you may believe him true. 

VERSES writun ia m G4RD£K« 
[By tlHfami,\ 

SE E how that pair of billing dovea 
With open murmurs ov^ their lOYet | 
And heedleis of cenfoiious eyes, 
Purfuc their onp'oUoted joys : 
No feaft of future want moleft 
The downy quiet of their neft ; 
No int'reft join*d the happy paii^ / 

Securely blcft in naturis^a care. 
While her dear didatea they purfoe t 
For conftancy is nature too. 

Can all the do^ne of our fchools^^ 
Our maxims, our relfgiouf rules. 
Can learning to our lives enfure 
Virtue fo bright, or blifs fo f)ure ? 
The great Creator's happy en^s, 
Vir ue and pleafore ever blends t 
In vain the church and court have try ^4 - . 
Th* united eflence to divide I * 
Alike they find their wild miflake. 
The pedant priefl, and giddy ralM. 

PROLOGUE to the Good-Nat iiss« 

Man. 

Spokni iy Mr. BV-S^LZY. 

PR £ S T by the load of life, the weaiy 
mind 
Surveys the general toil of human kind a 
With cool fubmiffion joins the labViog traia^ 
And focial (brrow iofta half its pain. 
Amidft the toils of thia returning year. 
When {cRzioii and nobles learn to fcarf 

^ Ri(Ur4UL X CmrnnifM ibsir. 



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Poetical Essits in February, iy66: 9^ 

Our aodior*! frieada^ thui pIi'cM tt hapu 

liflance, f tance. 

Give Jiim good wordf, indeed, bat no affif- 

Since then anbdpr, oar bard maft now con* 

form 9 
T« bide «be peIH»^ of thia pitylefa ftorm. 
Blame where jov moft, be candid where jroii 

cani 
And beeadb critie^ the Cood^NatarM Maa*' 

EPIGRAM. 



Our fitdc bvd, wltbaBt^cdmplaiiit ^ay 

&af« 
The bofflBf letibB*e epideiliie care, 
like C«(a/'a piloC» di|mfy'd by fate, 
Teft JB one common term with aU the ifreae^ 
Diflfcft alike the ftatatean and the wit. 
When one a boroogh conrta, and one thta 

pitt; 
The bofy can^idatea for pow*r and fame, 
Have hppca and feara, aad wi(hea» jaft tbc 

lamej 
Dtfabled both to eombat, or to By, 
Moft heat aU taimta> and hear without reply | . 
Uncheck'dy oa both, caprice may Tenc iti 

nge, 
Aa children fret the lion in a cage ; 
The effend^ burgeia hoarda his angry' tale» 
For thai bicft year, when all that vote may 

rail; 
Th^ poet*a foea their fchemea of fpite difmira. 
Tin that glad night, when all that hate may 

hifa. [tribe. 

The peUt, *da tme, can charm th* eUAing 
The batd may iapplica^, but cannot bribe ; 
Yet jodgM by thbfc, whole foicea ne*er were 

Md, 
He feolt no %raift of ilKperfitading gold ; 
lot conlident of pruih if F*^ be doe, 
Trofla, inthooCfear, tocsadoor, and toyotf. 

EPILOGUE, Sp^mSyMn. BULKLEY. 

AS pepng qttaeka iinne caittff.wreccK 
procure, . . , , 
To fwtar the pill, or drop, haa wrought acifre; 
Thoaon the ftage oot playHvrighta ftiU ieipfoi 
For epilogoe, or prok^ue, on fomo friend. 
Who knowa each art of coaxing up the town. 
And laakca fuU many .«. bitter pill g^ down { 
Cffiidooa of thia, otir batd haa gpne aboot, 
Aad tcaa*d each rhyming friend to help him 

Oct. 
An epilogoe !— Tbingt can*t go on without ic^ 
It cavid not /ail, would you but fet about it. 
YoQog ma^ criet one, (a bard laid up in 

dotver) . , 
Alu r yoonl'maki, my writing days are ovtt; 
Let boya play tricki, and kick the flraw, net /, 
Your hro(ber doAor there^ pe'hapa, m^ try j 
What I, dear Sit, th^ doAor idterporer^ 
What, plant my tbiftle. Sir, ainofig your 

roles'? [pardon, 

No J adMFOur ttoniger ?— ' Who, me?— Vouf 
Thofie thinga are oOt oof foit, at Co vent- 

Garden. 
As fome anhappy wight, at fbme new phy. 
At the Pitt door ftaada elbowing away i < . : / 
While oft with many a fmiie, aa4 many a 

Re eyea the center, where his friends fit fnugg 
Hia bfflpecing frienda, with pleafure in thty 



H« ncxii, thcT noJ, he cring«s, they grimac^ 
Bit. not a foul will bu<lge to i'.l^-z him pUtc; 

*' * jtUuiiwg fa s Cirtain Letter vticb bat latefj bftn tltjubjtf? of much cotivfrfaiitM 



'jh O MB mourn their doom in durana vile^ 
*^ While 9tbtri Cat'cn on the fjpeil^ 
Whence we collect this wholefomc rule, 
«* Tia better to be AT— v^- than F—/. 

Aa ODE, ftrfitwmi sf the Ca/Ne d/ DobGii, 
M Monday r6# %ib of Feb. 17^, himi 
the Day appointid foir celthrating the Birtk" 
/>tfy *^^«n» Ch Aa I. OT T E. 

CHORUS. 
qTRIKE, the fwcct Hibernian lyre, 
O Every loyal heart infpirc : 
See, they croud the joycras fccne ! 

Annual tribute to your queen ! 
AIR. 
Adorned with ev'ry grace rcfin'd. 

With ev'ry virtue blcfs'd f • * 

£fteem*d, rever*d, f>y all mankind. 

And by the nrft Circfs*d. 
A mcin whofc awful honour fbinet, * 

Where fcnfe and fweetnefs move j 
And angcl innocence re6nes. 

The tcndcrncfs of love. " '' 

REGIT. ''^' 

May heaven to crown her Ijfc with joy, 
Celefiial guardian care empfoV : ' ' - 

And er'ry fweetly circling hour, ' '• 

Ambrofial odours round her pour. 
Bleft monarch I of fuch charms poflefsV^ 
Who lives ador*d in evVy bicaft, 

AIR. ^ * 

Great queen belovM, whofe bounteous f)BW, 
FJowa in compaffion to mankind. 
See her difiufc the royal aid. 
And call forth merit from the fhade ; " ^ 
Forbid the ".irT>i-q"'^ h* ,rf i-^ Orrh^ 
And wipe the tear from'forrow'f eye, 

REGIT, 
Peace 0*er the land', extendi her balmy wing^ 
And thua the grateful happy peafanti (ing. 

•AIR. 
From hill to dale, from ftroveto rerdant fpfingi, 

Swee^ founds refponfive, fill the ambient air. 
With Chaxlotie'8 name they make the valfiea 

' And ban:fh thence the family of care. 

c n o K xj ^ 

In th<s lov'd fertile iflc may union take hej- 
iUnd, (p;Unot hind^, 

And deil her fwects around, fromTownfhend*^ 
Wbih Pienty*s copious horn, pours blcfiingl 
o'er the la.u. 
N X to 



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100 PofiTlCAL. E$f AVr W FjKBtUAItlF^ 4^69. 

T, Ikr/ I.I CON I EA. OPBmZ«<W 

OThou I wWe kind and fofi'rin^lmi 
Mjr infant fotfonc Uugfat t« ftind. 
And, with iti free 4>onuneoiia aid, 
Firft drew me, from the dfeary fliade. 
To gladr<»aie Amfltine. Thoti^ frhoTe light 
Pifpell'd tlie envious damp of m|hc» 



'« P I G« 



.J 



To thee I oilly lov*d Ligonier 
O^d^a my grateful voice to bear } 
let It proclaim the mighty debt, 
Which the great patron would forget* 
At doljig «ood thy virtitet aim. 
From the good done no merit claim, 
Pleat'd with the deed, and not the4ame. 

Thy heart, with kindne(k born to flow. 
Sight for occafioni to beftow 
Fair Fortune*! fmilei ; of human kind 
The frieadf to merit Min»r-bliiidr 
Thy maaly breaftcaa mek with grie^ 
"^hea modeft want aioids relief{ 
And the k>ft 4»y ftill cloiet with « tear. 
When no joft objtd of ^mpallion't near, 

O ! formed in cooru to ibine and pleaic» 
And iVreet foci^ty'a enchanting eafe | 
All the couft*t (dftatc ikiU'd t* impart. 
Except ita faKchood : Th^ good heart 
« Nc*er knew with fheadflup't maik to flay. 
With kiOof tab, with fmilet betray. 
Foe to the whifper and ihd fncer, 
Thofc poiffot to the prii|cejy ear. 
Fair truth' furroundi thy chearfol bowly 
And fpeaJa the language of thy foul. 
Which p^ft€t in each warlike art. 
That genius can (o camps impart j 
To campi a virtue more can give, 
T«i€k hem to fpare^ and bid the vaDquiih*d 

live i 
Xn mercy 9* in falour to excel. 
And faring homanity with armi to dwell* 

Jn condaflf great, in a£lion brare 
O ! b^rn to conquer, or to iave | 
^t Lawfeldt trembling France beheld 
Mercho ceft tioopa by thee repeli'd. 
Her conqueft Aopt in mid career | 
And, by thy raloor bought Coo dear i 
Could fcarce believe the field her own, 
U itil th« dreaded captive ftev»n 
Secured the day, and fix*d her throne* 

That witflike hand let Briuin blefa, 
Let hor glad mattooa round it preff^ 
Whclc tekti'd ioia tbeir faf«ty om 
^o thy proteAing arm ^ beflow 
The nobleft gift, the civi^ crown, 
Doe to thy honour *d brow alone, 
^hole proweft and oppofiog /bield 
$0 iong inaipta.n'd the doubtful field. 
And undifmayM our fainting war foftaio*d. 
Inhere fear and flight, and pale coofuboa 
rei^n'd. 

Xhe oaken wreath ftil| nnore to grac^ 
On thy luv*d templet let them place 
The laurdt Hrought (tpm battiea woo, 
ftdTi Hochfted. down to Dcttingen | 
T' getbcr bind thole hinourt faft, 
^ long a» t>me iticlf fliall UR, W. 



• D^nffSf 



f MahtmU 



YK nafttqQiCTovftcctdflacwB, 
And aid im lik« tke bud of yof^ 
HightMikoo, forlikehitmytheae^ 
In verle wai never (ong before. 
IjDdeql the ta'e it ofcoo told in proic f 
Since all the world the mighty wonder koMM ! 
Theme of Sublimity ! my boar, 
AUhaUl TboabetftofliighftiMira, '* 

At famout at the horfe of yore. 
That won hit lucky lord a cro^n • i 
KimM at Mift L«tbia*t bir^, in verie fo foft 
Recorded, or the r^bbitt of Moll Toft !. 
Hall, Pig I at Tunbridge bom and bred. 
Who fingledft out hit 1— p there : 
Event that round the redon fpread. 
And made th^ Raping inillloh (hre ; 
A Ad flrange it wat to ice, upon my word, 
A pig for ever trotting with my 1— d. 
The gpntry marvelled at the fight i 
Tbe public volkt, the rpoma they rung s 
*Twat 1— d and pig from mom to night. 
And pig and 1— — p all day Igng. 
soon did the wond^root tale to London viag s 
The noblet heard it, aad they Cold ^t kiag. 
Good Lord 1 faytone, |vbalcaathitatcaai 
And rait*d the whitvt of both bittyai i 
It bodet fome dire portent I ween, 
(can*tce]l, fmrt^ a toftdcriet. 
Tiwt did the world iadaJgt coojeAare fifiie^ 
For oarthquakcf ibrnt footesdijig, fenfc^ 
pbgoe ! 

Botibch the ro«aiMr worM, Uiecf^w 

Of d«ll oaedocatcd braiot ; 

But mark tk* ophdoBt of the few. 

Hear what the karaed world maiiMat t 

Soatcde«m*d eke 1— d, Se*Aathoay iacof. 

To earth te-tiavaU'd with kit fav*ritt hog. 

Cthert, ia Orieatal Ipre 

Deep vers'd, that heanf the peerldf tale, 

Peclar*4, with judgment iage, the bMr 

Did iccrett to my l^d reveal j 
-^ Like thg fam'd dove the moffiilmaa^t reveiw^ 
V Which, billing, whifper'd in the prophig'a ^ 

While feme at fagdy at the refl. 

Who firm believ'd in Cranfmigraiioiif, 

FfoaooBc*d tbit friendly grunting beaft 

One of hit 1 — ^p*i neav rclaiioaa, 

Doom*d by the Fatet, force|t»in^ecda di^jM. 

To animate the body of a (wine ! ' ^^ 

Hail, pighog ? by lAiDCe p<itent aid, 
My 1— d hit health ha4 and employ | 
My I— y too wat brought to> bed, 
Heav*n bkii it ! of a dropping boy. 
Event that fame fo (bunded with her horik. 
As fcar'd the very infantt yet unborn \ 

Thrice happy hog ! with Mrt. T— a }, 
Who in a chariot, cheek by Jole, 
Did*ft Jehu.ltke, from Tunbridge town 
To M— t^t enchanting manfioat roU } 



D. 



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PoCTlCAJb' EssiTt h 



Witkmmtfm 



Uflfi 



IfOttli, 



Swe chflt ivickMrt or l«e nr ^ wdttfey 
If fe kit lo«d^p dioailtf it rifht^ 
Tkif '4 ckoofe tfccc, fnik iWiacy Ibr buffifiu 
Tk«ik ycy Kpfy'4 kit kHftipi but^odiutil 
nMfb aflct fie, ^aevir ffantcd pip. 

TMce hapfy bog ! «1m> IoT*ft to (aott^ 
Itecfimaf oa my I— y'* lap» 
Wlu gives Lby Idi'ry o*cr tod o*er» 
Wliik ^sfn jc pMiUijif ukoi hit Dtp. 
Ddtglrtfol tale, that ftnkes aO ftoriet dnihky 
Fna G Of the na^tfpMMt, \o Tom Tlittml»« 

EMam^0rtms Fife 0/ TViMBN 

^rt HRO* wortUeft tsbc of brittle day, 

I WHI I ibne fcriooi tlioogbti con? ej } 
M/aairfc fnUty here I tncct 
A ftr(t€t rfpcc^hvmao ffcei 
Enbck if xh^ oMioaie plaat> 
Ixedck aO, ^ vlueh 1 pant ; 
With fick^BiBg fomei the air I chotk, 
Wkat*i "wmUif f^tadmr but a (moak 1 
The foek^aaag whifi declare die fbifc 
Of tboie, ^irho faip for parting life j 
The hc&p of daft thac'a left behind, 
DiMmtbe ftfe of an mankiiid. 
^^ D.L. 

THE CONTRAST. 

WHEN heat Vt rmpcria] beantict Hood 
RcreaTd to Peru cjcef 
Their charflu is deep fnfpenlc he «iew*d« 

Sbtt doahciog whoie the ptize. 
Tbu, lot lA beaoty*! maie, I chce, 

NUd LMra*B fobcr mictt s 
Whca gay BcUada*s (prightly |rtc« 

Adorai the rival Ibeae. 
lothroa'd ia Laora'a peafite brow 

A Paibi tre furrey: 
lBBdla*«chcek the C^pida |M«r^ 

Tbe iinilet of Veaat play. 
Ia aMsaen fiave, and tenper fweet» 

^! LaonhowfefOKl 
Bach look, OKdi feftme how difcrect t 

How paro each thoot^^t within ! 
Lo! Bella cfaeaiial, atiy, faast, 

la aadvo hooMHT fay! 
Each telle, Ae cMbkfli or het l^Mt» 

Bffigbt aa the t*d of day. 
Ltora*e reserve aad deceacy 

Ov realba hide appeove f . 
Bdtada'a ferect vivacity 

laMrca the waroith of love. 
My fiieadAtt thea, aiy beft efteem» 

To Laora 1 lelca i 
4ad B*B, thoo 6Hr eocbaoliog vhiot 

If 7 raviA'd heah be thine* 

BoO, Nov, n. 

JlH^*d uMCfi f-Hiy W-n»/Ltnsridge 
tm $ks CNrary ^ Pembroke. 

AS when frfe laiidod on the Argyll 
ftflfOi, 

Myfty &■ tbf Intilc ifle oiplorct } 



:i 



FiBRVARrt 1768. lOl 

With joy etata ht Tiawi the fraeeM tida 
t>f aynphf altaadaatea Calypib*t rdgas 
Bat when the ^aeea htf heav*aly chanae * 

difphyt, 
(Like Sol cclipfiag Cyatliia*i weaker rayi) 
kaptv^d her brighCar beautiei he (brveyf« 
So my pleu*d ^eelirftfiiw the lovely auodi, ' 
That^ fpoetive lOve o*«r Cambria*e wefteia 

fladcf) aigh,] 

Bot loon u W . f ■ . a*a aiaUhlefs form drew 
Each leflcr beauty fideA in the eye. 
She coald alone engage th* enchanted 6ght 
And fill tbe Ibol with wonder and delight* 
Cou*d I» dear nymph, in juft proportion tnie 
Thy eafy geftvee, and attra^ve grace I 
Thy featuret in their full perfc£tioir dicw, 
Thofe Itpi of coral, and tba^necfc of fiaow t 
My verfe woo*d then each am*roui reader fii^ 
Inflame with love and kindle up deiire* 

Motto. 

MY MIND TO ME A KINGDOM IS« 

An old Ballad. 

My mtnde to me a kingdome ii | 
Such perfea joy thciein I finde 
As fane exceedf all earthly Uifle, 

That God or nature hath afligndes 
Though much I want, that OM>ft would ha««^ 
Yet KH my miad forbids to crave* 
extent I live, this is my day | 

I ieek DO more than may fuffice i 
I preflii to bear no haughtie fway } 

Look What I lack my mind fupptfek 
Loe ! thoB I tfhnnph Bke a king, 
l^oateat with that my mia d do th htjag^ 
1 fee how pleatie farfeti o/t. 

And haftia cfymbett (oooeft fidl i '^ 
I fee that (uch m fit aloft 

Ml/hap doth threaten moft of alls 
Tbefe get with toile, and keep with feare a 
Such cases my mind could never bearo» 
No princely pompe, aor welthie ftore,. 

No force to winne a vi£brie. 
No wjfUc wit to falve a (ore. 

No fi^ape to winne a lover *s ^e | 
To Doae of thefe I yeeld as thrall. 
For why, my mind difpifeth all. 
Some have too much, yet ftill they cnve> 

I littls have, yet feek no more : 
They are but poore, tho* much they have| 

And 1 am rich with little (lore 3 
They poor, I rich ; they beg, 1 give { 
They lacke, I lend { they pine, I give. 
I laugh not at anothert lofle, 

I grudge not at aootheis gaioe { 
No woddly wave my mind can tofie, 

I brooke that is another's bane : 
I feare ao foe, nor fawne on friend % 
I loth not Kfe» nor dread mine end* 
My weith is health, and perfcd caic 1 

My coafcience clcre my chicfe defcaoeft 
I never (eeke by brybes topleafe. 

Nor by defcrt to give offence t 
Thus do I live, thus will I die | 
Would aU did ib as well ail! 

WINI- 



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loi A N E C 

WIKIFREDA. 

AWAYj Itt ncKight to fwe difpleafing. 
My Winifredp, mpire vour circ ; ^ 

I«et ndught delajr the heavenly bleffin^ 

Nor fqocimifli jridtf, nor gloomy fcair. ^ 
What th(?' 60 graiitt 0/ foyal donors 

With pitnipotA iit^ %rttt odt Wood ? 
We*n (hijie. io more fybflantitl honort, 

And tb h^ noble ^*'ff^ good. 
Our najcae, while vlrfje thijis we tender, 

Wii! fwcctly fobnd ^here e*cr 'tU fpoke : 
And at] the great ota; thtf miti #on(ier 

Ho# they rcipea f&ch liRle folk. 
What thoi/gh (ritm fytthtttU lavifh bounty . 

NTo mi Aty tt-cafurcB we poflcft, 
"^tU fihd ^iritfiin our phtiSi^e plenty* 
' And be concent without ex ceft^ \ 

Still /h;fll eadh retunriiti; feifoii •'■ 

• Soffident for our wiihes give | 
For we viH lire a Ufe of re|tiBn» 
■ 'And thaVt the only li^e to H?e. 
Through /ouih and aje ia lote'cxcelliogy 

We'll hand in hand together tread |. 
Sweet ffhiling peace (bah crown our dweniogi 

And b'aVet; fweet-fmiHng bahci, our bed. 
How (hoold riove the pretty creaturei, 

Wiiilc round piy kncci they fondly clang j 
td fee (hem look their mother's feitureiy . 

To hea^ them lifp their mother'i tongup. ^ 
A nd whep wtta envy time trahfpor|eda , 

Shall thjnk to rob ui of oor joyi> 
You'll injybur girls agam be couVtedj 

And'lHcrslD wooing, in my boyt* • 

A ^ £ ic O O T E. 

JT hai been mentioned in the f«veral 
p^et^i lately, tHit ** it was obferva^ley. 
arthc rebuilding of Workfop manor houfe^ 
a feat belonging to the Uuke of Norfolk, dii 
not no\^go en with that alacrity aff it did be- 
fore a late mfclanchoiy' event"— meaning, na 
dottbr, the affefling circumflance of the 
death of tlie' late Wr. Howard, his (jr^ce'a 
nephew and* heir; who was, perhaj^f. one 
of the moft amiable young nien of' fafluon ia 
the world, and confe^uently hit lofs not i' 
private but a public lofs. This obferTatton, 
#tf the rebunding of Workfop Manor, put! 
ut in mind of an anecdote never madf« 
l^ublic bet'oTf, which throws fhi flrong«ft. 
iyftre on the fliining charafter o/'the prefeafc 
soble duke. When that ma^nilficent houfe,^ 
and its no leCs fumptuous furniture, valued^t 
more than io6,oooI. Were accidentally 
burnt and deAroyed (Tome five or (ix Vear^ 
fince) his grace and family w^ere all at Bath. 
The meflenger who came exprcfa with tne 
fatal news, arrived about noon, when ^he 
duk^ vv^s at home, and the duchcfs aWoad 
on a morning^ vi fit. The man difcTo/ed the 
fliitfortune fifft to an upper fervant, and'hc, 
was fo muah' affeAcd with if himUlf.-that 



DOTE. 



Fel 



he had not the eoonfSt flO fcqudiit hi* mal 
ter with it* It wat thdft agreed npoa, thi 
the propereft perfon to tnabtmcc thm acd 
dent to, (he duke, would be the auui wlai 
broQght the newf* and who had been a me 

Uhcholyefe-witaelflofthedeftnidivel . 

Hta Craee w^ then {nformed, that focfa _ 
one (nemiag him) had ooihe from WorkTop 
Manor, 00 urgent bofiqeft, and defired to de- 
liver hit xrieli&ge perfonaUy ; He wet ordered 
aps hifface,oo entering, wai the pi^un 
that Shak^fpear dcfcribei ij;i Richard the 
Third : « E'en fuch a man, fo dead in lookj 
fb woe hefsone (t. e. io far g6ne ia ibrrow] 
drei^ Pfiam^tf curfain in the dead of Dtghr, 
and told hitil half hia Troy waaburnt.*^ The 
duke received the newt w|th a calna^ mod 
a fortitude,* that would bafile all this &rce of 
la^bguage to Ac^refs. Hli only |iorda wttcj 
** Ood'a will bjB done ! no i^atter, we mud 
build it up again." The man waa aiked^ 
to whom ke had to^jt fince hip acrir^l ^ 
and th<)^ wl^o Iumw it: were] ftriA^ 
^harged^ oa no aecount whatever, to nei^ 
tion ic^ to any one. Nit Grace waa tHaC 
day to give a Tcry fuptf b public eatcrtnnlneBC | 
to the principal nobiij'ty and geo^iy them alt 
Bath, and^ recced thed^cheft on hts re« 
tuyi), and afterwards eateiuiaed the odrnpa-T 
ny wi^h a^ l^ia fi|on^ choar^Uneft aift(|open- 
neft of heart} infomuch that it was ina^fli- 
hie todffcove^ that even the ffi|hteft muMrS 
tone had happied^ Co hiM. Thai fvei^Q^ 
or the nest ttomiilg {^t ire fibt ftkre a^hleh) 
the duke toojt occa6oh to blFeak the afifii^ to 
the ducheft, by^ degrees, and in foch in Ule- 
▼iating manner, at to V^ Uttle afteA ller 
grace, com^^r^vely conBd^fed with anj^lef^ 
cautious method of dildbftng it. It -^^^ 
however, folUe tlmir before it wat detennfnetf- 
on to rebuild Workfop- Mafi or ; zki it #as 
thought at left to be refolv^d updn by thtlr 
graces, more from the hvcfiane refte^on of 
the nuMbertbfpoOf'^ebp'e, neighboari dnd 
dependants, who wooM drherwrfe be AifV^. 
era, than from any other motive. 

r» tbi PnJktW cf the Public Adyfiti4r« ; 
O Nati t rtfemti in mtav n n$vl JUcti^'^ 
quid^isgki fifiittr ecafa Poctaol^ ! 
SIR, Portfrtcooth, Feb. ii. *7W. 

AFTER an tlraoft tot*^ ftagnation of 
BufineCi for 'a eonfiderable Time, we 
have at laft had the pl^fbre Xitt^'fiwtethS^^ 
fiirring at thi|'^lace. Mere iri a iprta^t 
number of' (hi^ esme^in, and kn ^^jfOn 
will be anxious to know the pirtic^hu^ I 
have thbrefore drawn up the be(( iht«li^Ottf 
I could procure,* an^ ' wrffi to feb It idfe^ed 
in the Public Advertifer ; for f ath fnformfed 
that it tka page^^ -wjiich-peopk of -M^jjan 
take Ih, and I hav^'b^^sn, alwiys ^tc^^uicltaror' 
appearing in the bed tompanies. 
^' I am, fir,' your very hufnbfejfc^ant, ^ 
Oflc 



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17^- Sb^ News Exirporiintfry. 

JiOP NE9B EXmAORDINARV. 

POATSMOVTH. JaNPASY I0« 
u» *_j ^?_ - - 



I0| 



The wtod c^atiooes aor/^cr^ and Uowt 
ftd^ X^KMAiMi a( Sfiihtad tht Gr0ft99p 
vitk hif jnajeftj** ibipa at per, laft* 
1^ Grmffm \% a fipf new threc-ilccker» 
STMaa remarkably veU^ and ctirict. ber 
p«ta bactcr than any Ibip in the hing*t (er- 
iMe } fn4 yet ibe iooka at fnog in the water 
■ a FrigatCy owing to her being painted 
of a dark cokor, and .not loaded^ like many 
ochos, with gilding and carved work* Aa 
t> her ranx* i^ ^^ ob^errcd tnh«r laft cnilfe» 
that Ci fir •mt'tailid aU the reft of tho 
fieet. ^ ^ 

The carpcnterfff who were ordered to 
fervcy the Chsibam^ have repotted her '< un« 
fit Smt /crvice )** — however, fte fiill continoci 
in csQUDiffioo ; aotwithftanding which* 
kii £ud, chatthe AoMiAAL'aflag willhe 
p^iad fx^>m her to the Grafton. 

Tho Chatham waa formerly redcened a 
prrwc fask>r, woiked wcl), and was fo ex* 
ceediag aTirr* ^at (he could carry more 
6fl thui ony ihip in the navy. Bot having 
been rmfid (at the r^qneft of her captain when 
Ae came kft into dock) ftc 4u foond on 
kcr AGtt cmiie to be extremely top-heavy, 
aod kcr timbers in much wrong by the 
«agkt of her npper workt> at to render her 
akegechcr cxasy.— It it furpriSngi, that 
thefe who have the coDdi»ft of oor naval 
iMun Aould have fallen into the above mif- 
take, aa it haa been frequently obfervtd, that 
fmf^ oi ihipf has rendered nmfimficeabU 
■aoy a food bottom !— *The raifing of the 
Hlmtf in the Uft teif a is a memarahlt in* 
iaoceofthe troth of this obfervation* 

The Bm^ ToriJbirtmMm, Rockingham, 
«kb a Urge convoy, was lately feen in the 
OrrtwCy oa which ^.fiki pot off to bring 
her io$ h«t all of a fodden (he hauled her 
wild, aad ftood oot to lea. At prefent ihe 
iifwirvoat •fjfbip with her whole convoy. 
Jan. 17. AaaivsD nnder convoy of the 
MiJfmd and after fieveral trip$ got fafe bto 
hatbewr, the Weymouth, the Trentham, the 
Sandwich, and ioverai others but cannot get 
their UMmt* this poft. They had been loni 
inc, oad were sa want of all kind of re/refh- 
aenta, having been •tjbsri siJowMmct for a 
caoiderablo time. N. B. Only the capi- 
tal flripa of the BeJfw^i Convoy are come 
iit»/wr. the fmsUtrsft having been left to 
ftift for thcoifelves. 

The above fqnadtoo past to comfant 
oith the Ctmh Sbt^berd in a hard gale 
«f wind (off the «oaft of North Ameiica) 
by the viokoce of which (he had loft t>l her 
aaftsy sod was water logged. The eonterned 
we eatremcly anxious for the fate of the 
Gcwle Shepherd, as it Is (uppofed ftie is 
viceked ow the above coaft; 

la the bte florm, the Sh^urnt being 
iida&gwofiounderiAg, wu Miged to hear c 



overboard the frMfff fK^zioShtt oufo^ in 
order to ikve the rei^ain|ier« 

A great nomber of oor ihips having beoi 
Iftelj caft ^way on the cosft of North Amo-* 
nca, where there are many roeh tod/t$ali 
not fuffidcntly known even to our m^l «r». 
ptriiMod pikth the HilKhprough has been 
completely 6ttod with all oeceffaries for 
uking a new and accurate forvey of that 
whole coal^^-^It is now expefied th«t light* 
hottfes will be eroded, and the harboor* 
tUar$d and ^penedy in order to prcnent the 1 
l^ke accidents for the/y/nr#* 

Arrived Utely the Claris loaded with Iri(h 
beef— .The arrival of this, ond fevsral othcr- 
vefTcls from the iame quarter, has beeo the 
means of lowering the markets,. nud fully 
proved the expediency of the a^ lisr per* 
mjtting the free importation of piovihoni 
from Ireland. 

It has been remarked of late, that a geol 
many ihips bomrufsrd hound have performed 
their voyages quicker by comiqg dirtctlf 
tliro!^ the la tax tbatutel, ioftead of go. 
log MOa T H shomt as formerly. 

Jan. i9. Yefterday ther^ was a grand en- 
tertainment givep on board the C^wwaf, in ho- 
nour of the birth-day of Mrs. Ali^wob tnt* 
LadyofG^oxcx Aliwoxxh x, Hfq} the 
frindpal owoer.^On thii occadon .the com« 
menders of all Xh^ foreign vedels were invited ) 
t^e (hips in the harbour koifte^ their colours,- 
guns were fired, and the evening concluded 
with every other detnon(bition elf joy. 

It u now faid the Conway vrill hie por- 
chafed from the merchants, and fitted out 
again as a man of mr. 

We hearths Jolfjr Topei^ ttigby, is nnder 
(ailing orders for the coaft of Ireland, being 
appointed to relieve capuin Ofwmid^ an 
experienced officer, who (on account of hit 
ill ftaie of health) it is faid will quit tho 
fervice, much regretted by all true f«*amen.' 

Other advices fay the Lively^ Captaia 
Ttmmjbaid is deftined for the Jrifli ftation. 

It is thought the Btdfurd will mt be put 
in commiflion again but will he brought^ 
into the harbour and employed ntnJhttr'bnOt*^ 

We exped foon to fee a hint pennant hoift* 
ed on board the Marlborough. 

The Prince Frederick, *tbynne, iapnt into 
Kini Road X» refit. 

We hear the captain of the Conway haa 
generoufly refufcd his wages for the laft 
half year, and that the money will be equally 
divided among the j^^-s^crt,— Although 
there ate many officers in oor fervite poffe^ 
of opulent fortuoes,and who certainly do not 
ftand In need <if' the cmolomentt of their com* 
miffidns, yet how very rare are fiich inftances oi 
difintereitednefi ! indeed we do not at prefent 
DecoHcft but one example more, vis. thatvof 
Captain Str^ge who haa commanded tho 
Lnmeafter for fevcsal years, and never would 
recfive'ooetanhiiii of pay. 

The 



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104 

' T^Kortkiogloty bttflgmueh worm-etteii 
2n her bottom* !• rA|o orr» and it it 
thought will be broke np.— Notwithilaiidiiig 
the crew received their whok wiget* 
a large ^0(f wmtyt yet it wn ob« 



Emption of VcfuviusJ 



Feb: 



I hod oidy a pcifttt of die mowitlio with 

HMy and wai aakipg my reoMrkt, when «a 

a fodden aboot mid-day the great eniptioia 

hjMeoed about a qoarter of a mile from mcs 

, ^ . , at nrft it wit ooly like a fomitain of li^ttitf 

ferred that they eoMf f#ia ytn bad homoort fire which fpning op ftiany feet in tl^ atr» 

^^» r-.^.:.^ ki.iS;:^»k^. — - __i» :« then a ttirreot burft out with a om^bomd 

aoifii and came towardt ut. I took off vy 
coat to iighteii myfelf aod gave it to the 
peafanty s^nd we thought proper to run tbiec 
milea without ftoppiog. By tfaii time the 
noire had greatly encrealed and the affliee 
caufed alit^oft a total darkneTa, and at tM 
earth dH>ok I thought proper to retire ftill 
further* and upon returning home I per- 
ceived another lava towards the Tone del 
Annonciata, which in left than tw<» hours 
flowed four mi let. Our Yilla (hook fo moch 
and the fmell of fulpber was fo ftrong, that 
1 thought proper to return to Naples, aod in* 
deed the fright of the family was (b greet 
that it wasimpoifible to remain at the YilU. 
The king's palace, though not To near tlM. 
nouotain as our villa* is ftill within reach of 
the lavas, there being no left thin fcven* one 
upon another under the palace. I thought 
it right to acquaint the court of the impend 
tog danger, and advifed the Marquis Tanocci 
to perfnade his Sicilian majefty to remove to 
Naples direaiy, but for what reifoo I koosr 
not* my advice was not followed ; and the 
cooftquence was* the lava coming within a 
mile and a half of the palace* and the 
thunder of the mountain encrttiinf, the 
whole court wu obliged (o remove in the 
middle of the fime night in the otmeft 
coofufion. The ezplo6ons of the volcaiio 
occafioned fo violent a concuflion of the air^ 
that the door of the king's room at Portici 
was burft open, and one door in the palmce 
though locked was forced open { and whet as 
more wonderful the like happened in saanjr 
paru of Naples iticK, The mountain for 
thrte days made thii nolle by fits* which 
lafled five or fix hours each time, and then 
was perfectly quiet i We did not fee the fest 
clear aimoft the whole week* and the alhes 
fell in qoantitiet at Naplet fo as to ooecr 
the hoofes and ftreets an inch deep or moec 
Tis really wonderful to think of the qunn- 
ti^ of matter that came oot of the mowja- 
toin in ib (hott a time* for on Thnrlday the 
bvaa ceafed running* and if I had not exo- 
mined them myielf fioce* I could oot haoo 
believed it : Fiom the place where I few the 
mountain busft to the point where the lore 
ftopped near Portici, is to be fuse feven nilet^ 
and five milea of this it travelled in tm^ 
hours* the very road I came down, notwath- 
ftandiog whkh in fooe placca the torrent ie 
two miles broad and <hc lava forty fcitt high s. 
It took its couiGb through an immtnfe water 
channel that is about fbux-hundred f«oc 
deep, and a€laally filled it up in foaie 
Stones of a aoft faermoos fiae were, 
thrown 



curfiog, fwearing* Uafttng their eyes.— It it 
pity that no eflSsteal method has yet been 
uncovered to check the growth of ft^fane 
fwtartMgf which prsvailt but too mnch in 
eur flcMi and armies* to the great reproach 
sf our oatioBal charaOer among foreigners ! 

Jt is confidently reported that the Sarnhmtk, 
m three-decker* and formerly reckoned a 
Aoot line-of- battle Aip* will l>e cat drnxm, 
and converted into a Packet Boat. 

Feb. ft. This morning three 'revenue 
officers were fent on botfd the Chatham, 
This hat occafioned much fpeculation, as her 
captain has never been accufed of /mtigg/tng, 
CKcept in ooe infiance during the laft wsr* 
when he canied (bme men tiawiefiintfy over 
toEmbdeo* although he had clxar*d oot 
for North America.— However that may be* 
vre are aflbred from good authority, that the 
sbovementioned officers are ordered to remain 
on board the Chatham for &t weeks* aod 
that nothing wi|l be fuffered to be taken out, 
without an oidar from them /gntd and 

jl Gntlemoftof Ipfwich hMfawuni ui with 
tbifilkwmg Actouta of tbt grtst Eruption of 
Mount Vefuvius* ib« i^b of OAober* 
X767* in « Lattt from tbt Hom, William 
Hamilton* Emvof Extraordinary and Mi' 
mptr Fttnipottntian of bit Britanoick Ma* 
jtfyt to tbt Ksagoftbt Two Sicilies. (Set 
p. iS.) 

AS I have nothing material to trouble 
you with at pre&nt* I will endeavour 
to give you a fhort and exad account of the 
eruption, which is allowed to have been the 
Boft violent* though of ihort duration, in 
the memory of man. ] had foretold this 
eruption fome time* having had opportuni* 
tiet from my villa to watch its motions more 
minutely than any one here, and thofe 
threata ehioh you read in the papers, were 
cztrafis from my letters to Lord Shelbume. 
The 19th at feven in the morning* I faw an 
enufual fmoak ifToe with great violence from 
the mouth of the Volcano, and form the 
fhape of a pine tree, as Pliny defcribed before 
the eruption in which his undo perifiied | by 
which I knew the eruption to be at hand* 
and in fad before eight I law the mountaie 
open and the lava ruu from the crack, near 
the top of the volcano) but at it took it*t 
courfe on the fide oppofite our viU;>* I had 
the curiofity to <go round and take a nearer 
inew of it I At it requires time and fatigue 
to go up, I did not come in fight of the lava 
which was running in two ftreamt down 
the fide of the mountain* till ekvi^ e*elidi» 



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105 



tbfwa up from th« id<hiA of the volcano 
lctraiDtkbi|by I belleire, jLod fell at Icaft 
UfiBikfram it ; la fhorr, it is impofiible 
k kknU (6 (iorious and borrid a fceoe^ 
fit »hilfi this was going on» Naples was 
csvdd »ith procefijoosy womea with their 
Wr loftfc and bare feet, full of every fuper- 
liiac.— The phfooers killed their gaoler 
nd attempted to break out. The cardinal 
■tii-bilhop'tgate was burnt do^n, becaufe 
k votttd QDt bring oot Sc Januariuty and 
when he vu btought out on Thurfday, a 
a&iofu iocredible fiumber of people load- 
ed the (lint i^ith abufe for fufTering the 
■ovatalo to frighten thexn Xb ^ their expref- 
iioiii were— You axe a pretty faint prott£tor 
iafieed! yoo yellow faced fellow ! (for the 
ftto in which the falbt** bead is iacafed 
a rerj mo&h tarniihed^ and when the ooife 
«f the mououio ccafed, tbey fell upon their 
faces attd thanked hitn for the miracle, and 
fctiToed to the cathedral linglog hia praifes 
aad te&iag him how handfome he was« 
Ok Biaa*! fahh in the faiot ^at fo great, 
tb« at the head of the pt^effioA when he 
came in fight of the mountain he tomed up 
hh bare b— to it, and laid now kifs i^ 
Ut here comes Genarielfo. I am forry to 
isy that ail this is a^loallj tme : Nay, it 
wooid ill many iheeu was I to tell yoo half 
what 1 law laft week of this fort. The 
aocRtaio is now qnite calm, and I believe 
Isr the pte^Qt there it an end of this erup* 
tin, but I do not beHeTe all the matter is* 
ytt consc »3t. I am very glad fo much is 
CROC ou% and that Genarieilo did not ftop 
U (ooticr, for if he had, we fhould ftsrely have 
ted an earth^^ake and been demolilbed. 
Tbis laft crapcion has felly fatisfied my cu- 
»o6tf, and I (hould beat well fatlsfied if the 
moant^tx was one hundied zn:les from this 
CifstaL 



Tht ftUavnng Paper bet Itin pwlfhhf bandiS 
mat tm a certain County, 

London, Jan. to, I76?« 

VV have thought proper to grant unto 

■ ■' I ■ a leafc of the C— 

fuppofed ioterefl iii the foreft of — — , 
in the county of———, and the ma- 
nor of foccageof the 1 « ■ ■, 
with the re(^e€Bve apparteoancet: And 

whereas the (aid « . 1 haa 

given notice and warning to all tenant! of* 
and refiants «rithid the faid foreft and manor, 
and to all farmers and occupiers of any lands ' 
and tenements, parcel of the faid pofl*eflloniy 
that they do not pay any rents or fines to 
any perfoo or perfons whatfoever. Hot legally 
authorifed to receive the fame by him } or do 
or perform say futr, cuftom, or fervjce, at 
any court, held othcrwi fc than b^ virtue of, 
and under the authority of the faid leafe, at ^ 
they will anfwer the contrary at their own ' 
peril, and make themfelves liable to pay the 
fame over again.** 

I therefore thiik it necefTary to inform all 
fuch tenanti, and other perfoni above-^ 
mentioned, that I do not ac^utefce under 
fuch leafe, or relinquifh my right to, and 
pAffefnoa of, the foreft, manor, or lands, 
above*defcribed ; and I further think it my 
doty, as their friend, to rtiftind them, that 
my claim is founded en a grant made in the 
Isft century-«-to my great ^aindfather, and 
his heirs for ever, ttM confirmed by an un- 
interrupted poiTelBon of more than fixtyyear8| 
and therefore I advife them to pay no re- 
gard to the fai^ notice, and aftore then, 
that in consequence of Acir fo doing, rei-. 
ther their perfons nor propcrfics can, ot fh-Jl 
be affe^Hd ; as I am dererqatned to dcf«n4.' 
their rights, and my oyrn. 

Signed, ■ '■. 



IMPARTIAL REVIEWED NEW P UBLIQ.ATI O NS. 



ARTICLE I. 
^HK BsttL of tbt Jf^tp. An additional 
Cmmto t» Dr, Csrth'i F»fm of the Difpai* 
farf. Ote^Jumtd by tbt Difputes befween tbt 
foMwoB* mmd Lieamatct «/* the CtJJegt o/PbyJi^ 
m^MM fm Londoc. Bf Bonnell Thornton, 
AC S» 4r». sj. Baldwin. 

Mr. Thornton's reputation, as a writer, 
Ittt been losg known, and it cannot be fup* 
po£efl» that any production from fo emioent 
* ^aod wiil be without conHderable merit— 
Tk« pvr£enc performance is a good-natured 
fnw^iia with the grodeiBen of the faculty, 
lA c^iicqueice of their late dilfcntions } but 
«a are fearrol, that the poUtenefs with 
vkach i: ia written will prevent it from being 
niwrialiy relived by the publick— The 
wrid Si Araogely fond of perfonality, and 
6««wcatiy looks opoo acrimonr as abilitici-^ 



itieo of feflfe and beneTofeoce howeves wait 
always fcorn to gratify ihc depravity of ge- 
neral tafte, from a joft confideration,. tiiaC 
next to the approbation of a vrife man, the 
greater mark of applaufe, is the cenfure ot m 
fool. 

IK Ftrnty, an ZpiftU to Motpmr dt VoU 
taire. By George Keate, E[^\ 410. Dodlley^r 

This gentleman is the well known anthor 
of feveral ingenious produ^ont, and the pre- 
f<rnt performance is a very handfome com«> 
pliment to the great writer to whom it is ad- 
dreffcd. 

111. MiJctUavemi Poant torrttea by a Lady* 
^ifigbfjirfi Attimptf 3 Wr. ixmo. Dodflcy* 

We hope this hdy, if ihe is independent 
in her circumftancei, wiU let her firft attempt 
be her faft, /©r the credit •/ bar cton good 
Jenfet atid tbt rcfoifition of b:r/ui>f(rilth,^in 



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to6 

tbh rveri, though it appeani under tlie title 
pf MdtfceUaneck Pomi, there It but ohe volume 
of poemi> if t^e liuei wiiich are there firung , 
to|ether dtferv^ the appellation of poema— 
The other two volumes are a kind of Novel, 
which we fancy few will ever honour with 
a ^crufal> uoiVf* it be thofe whofe province it 
ii to read for the general information of the 
public. 

^V. Bribery and Corruption or tht youfmy 
to London, aliaSy the Oxonians is Town, at 
''M^dmill Col/ege ajfmbltd, 410, pr. it* 
WiUiami. 

^hii is a poof attempt to glean a few 
ihniings, by the difgrace which has lately 
befallen a certain country corporation 

V, Hijiorit Dcuitt on the Life and Rtign of 
Kin£ Richard the Third* By Mr^ Horace 
Walpole, I vol. 4to. DodlQey. 

There is fcarceJy a charaAer in hiftory 
wpich has been more afperfed than Richard 
the third. — As Mr. Walpole juflly obfcrvet, 
** there is a kind of literary fuperltition ^ 
wfiich men are apt to contra^ from habit, 
and which makes them look on any at- 
tepipt towards .(baking their belief in any 
cftabliihed cbuaSefs, no matter whether 
good or bad, as a fort cf propha:iation*'— This, 
in ail probability,, prevented many induf- 
trious writers frooLentring into thofe obfcure 
periods of hiHory vvhich Mr. Walpole haa 
undertaken to elucidate, and we may alfo 
imagine that many others were deurred from 
the talk, by a fuppofiti^oA that they would 
be confidered as advocates for oppre^on and 
blood, ^ if they endeavoured to advance any 
thing in, favour of a prince who had been fo 
long held up to the world as an obje^ of 
Hniverfal deteflatioo. 

" The fuppofed crimes of Richard thfi, 
Third/* fays Mr. Walpole are. 

*< xft. His murder of Edward prince of 
Wales, foa of Henry the Sixth. 

sd. His murder of Henry the Sixth. 

$d. The nur4e» of 4iis brother George 
duke of Clarence. 

4th« The exeeotioo ef RiTert, Gray, nnd 
Vaogfaan. 

ftb.. The exeeutioa of Lord Haftings. 
. 6th. The murder of Edward the Fifth 
^d hit brother., 

7th, The murder of his own ^neen. 
^ To which maybe added, artheyare thrown 
into the lift to blacken him, his intended 
match with his own niece Elisabeth, the 
penance of Jane Shore nnd his own perfonal 
deformities* 

• • ift. Of the murder of Edward, ptbce of 
Wales, ibn of Her.ry the Sixth. 
. Edward the Fonrth had indubitably the 
keraditary. right to the crown; which he 
purfucd with fingular bravery and addrefs, and 
with all the arcs of a politician, and the 
cruelty of a conquercr. Indeed on neither 
fide db there fecni to be any Ccruples : 
JToikiih and Lancaftriani, Edward and Mur- 



WalpoVj Hj/fipr/V i)ouUsl 



Feb 



geret of Anjou, entered Into any engage-* 
ments, took any oaths, violated them, and 
indulged their revenge, as often u they 
were deprefliMr or vi^oriour^ After the 
battle of Tewkibury, in which Margcret and 
her foB were made prifoners, young Edwaid 
was brought to the prefence of Edward the 
FpuTth ; <' but after the king,** fays Fabian, 
the oldeft hiflorian of thoie times> " had 
queftioned with the fame Sir Edwarde» and he 
had anfwered unto him contrary his pleafore, 
he]^ then ftrake him with hit gauntlet upoa 
the face \ after which ftroke, A> by hia re- 
ceived, he was by the Kynge*s fervanta in- 
continently ilainet*' The chronicle of Croy- 
land of the fame date fayi, the prince was. 
(lain. Ultridbnt juornndam wumibttsi boC 
names nobody. 

Hall, who dofes his work with the relga 
of Henry the Eighth, fays that, «« The 
prince being bold of ftonuche, and of a 
good courage, anfwoed the king*a quefiion 
(of how he durft fo pteAimptbufly enter into 
his realme with banner difplayed) Saying> 
to recover my father's kingdome and enheri* 
tage, &c. at which worde*s Kyng Edwarde 
faid nothing, but with his hand thmft him 
from him, or as fome fay, ftrake him with 
his gauntlet,, whome incontinent, they that 
ftode about, which were George Duke of 
Clarence, Richard duke of Gloocefter, Tho- 
mas Marque(a of Dorfet (fon of Q]^een Eli* 
eabeih Widville) and William Lord Hai:. 
t^ges, fodainly marthered and pitioufly naan- 
quelled.** ^Thus much had the ftory gained 
from ;he time of Fabian to that of H^L 

^ JEioUingflied repeats thefe very word», con- 
fe'quently is a tranfcriber and no new aatho* 
rity. 

<( John Stowe reverts to Fabian*! iccotinty. 
as the only one not grounded on hear-fays, . 
and affirms no more, than that the king 
cruelly fmote the young prince oh the i%cm^ 
with his gauntlet, and after hia fervanta flew 
him. 

Of modern hiflorians, Rapin and Cajte^ the 
only two y/ha feen not to hkrt* fwallowcd 
implicitly all the vulgar tales propagated by 
the Lancaftrians to Uacken the booA of 
York, warn us to read with allowance the 
exaggerated relations of thofe timet. The 
latter fufpeftt, that at the diildlution of 
the monafleries all evidencet were fopprcfliad 
that tended to weaken the right of tha prince 
en the throne; but at Heniy the Eighth 
concentred in himfelf both the claioa of £<U 
ward the Fourth and that ridiculoua one ol 
Henry the Seventh, he feems to ha^e had 
lefa occafion to be anxbin left the truth 
ihould come out ; and indeed hit father bad 
involved that truth in fo much darknefe; 
that It was little likely to force its viray, no^ 
was it ncceOary then to load the memory o 
Richard the Third, who had left no off 
fpring. Henry the Eighth bad no cotnpetito 
to fear, but thg de&gfidantc of Clare&ce, o 



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1768.' 



mham he (eew$ to htfc lit3 iofficieat appre- 
leoCfltt, at appeared by bis nmrder of the 
•U csoBtefi of SalUbary, daughter of CU- 
teoce, and his ccdearpon to root out her 
pofterttj/ Tfaitf 'JeatDoiTy accounu for Hall 
chargiaf the duke of Clarence, at well at 
the inJtc of douceftet frith the murder of 
pdoce Edwardy bat in acoifationt of fb deep 
a 6jtf it it not ibfficient ground for our be* 
iiet, bat aa hiilonao reports them with fucH 
a frivoIoQS paUiative at that phrafe, asf-^int 
Jej, A cotamporary names the king's fcr^ 
«ari at petprtntort of the murder s Is not 
that mere probabk, than that the king's own 
brotben ibould bave dipped their hands in fo 
Ini aa aflaffination ? Richard, in particular, 
is allowed on a!l hands to have been a brave 
sad mardal prince : he had great ihare in 
tb« tldory at Tcwkfbury: iomc jeais aftcr- 
vaids, he cocnrDanded his brother's troops 
sa Scoc!ud, and rrade himTelf mafler of 
E^inbjrgb. At the battle of Bo<'worth, 
where be fell, his courage was heroic : he 
Um^m RicboMMid, and endeavoured to decide 
i^cj q^iarrtJ by a perfonal combat, flaying 
Six WiJiiarn Brandouy hit rival's flandard- 
bearcr, with b s own hand, and felling to the 
frocnu Sir John Cheney, who endeavoured 
tp oppoie his fuiy. Such men maj be ear- 
ned bf ambition to command the ezecutian 
el tbo^? wiH> ftaod in their way ; but are 
tot 1 kfiy to iecd their hand, in cold blood, 
to a ttife, and, to themfelvct, ufrlcfs affaf- 
inadoD. Hov did it import Richard in what 
Djoaer thf young ptince was put to death ? 
if be bad (o early planned the ambitious de- 
fipM aknbed to him, he might have truHed 
to hii Wochcr £J ward, To much more imme- 
diately concerned, that the young prince 
wooM not be fpared. If thofe views did not, 
as is probable, take root in his heart till 
loa; afcerwaidi> what inlereft had Richaid 
to mufder an tinhappy young piince ? This 
cmne therefore was fo unneceflary, and is To 
lai 60a being cft«bli(hed by any authority, 
tbaihe deles vet to be entirely acquitted of 
it." 

Mf. WJpole after thii confiden the 
<kife.:6en4 chargea, particularly, and it muft 
be cvned with great juftice in favour of 
Kichard. It ^ouid tajzc up toe much time, 
sfld would alfo be an injury to the Tale of 
tbi wcrk, were we to give our readers the 
»hol: of his fercral d-fcnces ; on \vhich 
accooot we ftall only add the foilowing par- 
ticaiars of Richajd't conduct in relation to 
Jaae Shore j which oar poets, as w-11 at 
MrkiAoriass, have painted in. fu barbarous a 
lig^ 



Caje of Jane Shore; V07 

an hiftorian who it ctpabte of employing 
troth only at cement in a fabric of fi^Hoo* 
Sir Thomat More tellt osy that Richard pre- 
tended Jaoe wat of couocell with the Lord 
Haflings to delb-oy him \ and in conclufioiif 
when no colour could fatten opon thefe mat* 
ters, then he laid feriooAy \to her charge 
what (he could cot deny, namely her adultery ; 
and for this caufe, at a godly continanc 
prince, cleare and faultlcfle oi himfelf, /ent, 
oat of heaven into this vicioei world 
for an amendment of mens manners, he 
caufed the biihop of London to put her (o 
open penance. 

This farcafm on Richard^ morals would 
have had more weight if the author had be- 
fore confined himfelf to deliver nothing but 
the precife truth. He does no: feem to btt 
more exa^ in what relates to the penance 
itfelf. Richard by his ptoclamation, taxed 
Mrs. Shore with plotting treafon with the 
Marquis Dorfet. Confequently, it wat not 
from defeA of proof of her being accomplice 
with Lord HaAings that /he wat put to opea 
penaoce« If Richard had any hand in that 
fentence^ it was, becaufe he bad proof of her 
plotting with the marquis. But I doobt, and 
with fome reafoOf whether her penance 
wat inflidted by Richard. We have iieeJi 
that he acknowledged * at leaft twro natural 
children ; and Sir Thomat More hints that 
Richard was far from being remarkable for 
his chaftity. Is it therefore probable, th^ 
he a6led fo filly a farce as to make his 
brother*s miftre^ do penance f Mod of the 
chsrges on Richard are ib idle, that inftead 
of being an able and artful ufurper« at hia 
antagonifts allow, he muft have been a weaket 
hypocrite than ever attempted to wreft « 
fceptre out of the hands of a legal pofleflbr* 

It is more likely that the churchmen were 
the authors of Jane*s penance j and that 
Richard, interefted to manage that body^ 
and provoked by her connexion with (b capi- 
tal an enemy at Dorfct, might give her up, and 
permit the clergy ( who probably had burned 
incenfe to her in her profperity) to revenge 
his q carrel. My rcafoo for tb.s opinion is 
grounded on a letter of Richard extant in the 
Mufeum, by \vhich it appears that the fair 
unfortunate, and amiable Jane (for her vir- 
tues far outweighed her frailty) being a pri- 
foner, by Richaru*s order, in Ludgatc, had 
captivated theking*s foUicitor, who contract- 
ed to marry her. Htm follows the letter : 
By the kingl Harl. M S S. No. 237?. 

'* Right reverend fadie in God, &c. 
Signifying unto you, that it is ibewed 
uito us, that our fervaunt and fuliicitor, Tho- 



" Wiih regard to fane Shore, fjys our '««»> Lyman, mervcillouny blinded and 



aetbot, I have already (hewn that it was her 
aeoDC^tiaa with the marquis of Dorfct, not 
with Lord HaAingt, which drew on her 
the rclentment of Richard. When an event 
ittbos wrcfted to feivc the purpoie of a party, 

we oi^t to be tay caouaiu ho\^ mz uuit 



abui'cd with t^e late (wife) of William 
Shore, now being in Ludgaie by our com- 
mandment, hath made contract of ma- 
trimony with her (as it is faid) and intendeth* 
to our full grcttc merveile, to precede to the 
efTeCt of the fame. We for many cauiea 
O % 1V914 



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'io8 



Account of Corsica^ 



F^ 



vrold be (bny that bee ibo ihpide be dirpofed. 
Pray you therefore fend for hlm» aod in that 
ye goodly may, exhorte and fture hym to the 
cotttrarye, and if ye And him utterly fet for 
to inarrje her, and noen otherwife will be 
•dvercired, th9A (if it may {land v^th the 
law of the churche) we content (tbejtyme of 
marriage deferred to oor comyng next to 
London) that upon iuffic/tent furetie founde.of 
hure good abcxing, ye doo fend for hure 
keeper, and difcharge him of cur /aid CQm- 
maodmeot by warrant of thefe, commiting 
her to the rule and guiding of hure fidr^> 
in God, &c. the bifliop of Lincolq, our 
chauacellour.'* <^ It appears from this 
letter that Richard thought it indecent for 
til follipltor to marry 9 womai^ who had fuf- 
fercd public punifliment for adultery, and 
vrho was conQncd by bii command—but 
ivhere it t^e tyrant to be found in tbia paper ? 
or, wha^ prince ever fpoke of fuch a fcanda), 
and what it Granger, of fuch contempt of 
hit authority, with fo much lenity and 
lemper ? he enjoint hit chincellor to diflTuade 
the fbUicitor from the match — but'fhould he 
p^rfift — a tyrant would have ordered the fol- 
ficitor toprifon too <-but Richard — Richard — 
if hit fervaat will not be diflfuaded, allowa 
the match $ and in the mean time committ 
Jane — to wbofe cuftody ? — Her own fatker^t. 
S cannpt he)p thioking that fome holy perfon 
)iad been her perfecutor, and not fo pa- 
tient and gently a king. And I believe fo, be- 
caufe of the (alvo for the church ; « Let them 
he married.** fayt Richard, if it may ftand 
fvith the Uw of the church* 

From the propofed marriage, one /houtd 
■t firft conclude that Shore, the former 
hufbaodof Jane, watdead ; but by the king's 
query, whether the marriage would be law- 
ful ; and by her being called in the letter 
tbt fate Hvift ofJVilliam SJ!>ore, not »/tbe iate 
iFtJ/itim Shore, I (hould fuppofe that ber hus- 
band was living, and that the penance itfclf 
was the confec^uence of a fuit preferred by 
bim to the ecclefiaftic court for a divorcr. 
If the injured hufband ventured, on the 
desth of Edward the Fourth, fo petition to 
be feparated from hit wife, it was natural 
enough forthe church to proceed farther, and 
enjoin her to perform penance, efpecially 
When they felt jn with the kiog*t refehtment 
(o her. Richard*s ptocHqsation and tfie 
letter aboye recited feem to point opt 
thit account of Jlne*s misfortunes ; the 
letter implying that Richard doubted whe- 
ther her divorce was fo compleat at to 
leave her at iiberty' to take another huf- 
band. As we hear no more of the 
Marriage, and as Jane to her death re- 
talhed the name of Shore, my folution 
b cprrobdrated ^ the chancellor- bifhop, no 
doubt, going more roundly to work than the 
king had done. Nor, however fir Thomas 
More reviles Richard for his cruel ufage of 
iniftieft&npre; did either of the fucceedini; 



kiagi redrefs her wrong*, thoogh &e lived ttf 
the eighteer.th year of Heniy the ^ghtiu 
She bad fown her good deeds, her good omcef^ 
her alms, her charities, in a coart. Not one 
took root; nor did the ungrateful foil repay 
her a grain of relief In her penury and conv- 
fortlefs old age.** 

VII. Aa /Account of Corfica, tbt Journal 
of a Tour to that JJlard^ and Mtmoin of Pair 
cal Paoli. By Jamet Bofwell, Efq-^ Wyftra^ 
ted with a new and occur att Map of Cof fica^ 
Svo. I W. Diliy. ^ , 

This is a very entertaining book, and moft 
prove an agreeable prefent to the cuiiout, 
efpecially at this tinne, when (he generous 
f^ruggle which the brave Corficans aic ma- 
lting for liberty, is fo much the admiration 
of all Europe.— Our readers will naturally bp 
de6rous of an cxtraA from fuch a work, and 
we (ball indulge them with a iketch Trooi 
the author*s account of the celebrated Pa- 
oli, who may be looked upon at the tempo- 
rary faviour of the , Coiiican nation, ao^ 
whofe hiftory, chough hit name is in every 
body's mouth, is but little, if at alt, known 
to the people of England. 

<« When I came within fight of SoIlacarQ 
(<ays our author) where Paoli was, 1 could 
not help being under coofiderable anxiety • 
My ideas of him had been greatly heighten- 
ed by the converfations 1 had held with a|l 
forts of people on the ifland, they having le- 
prefented him to me as fomething above hu- 
manity. I had the flrongeft defire to fee 
fo exalted a character ; but I feared that I 
ihould be anable to give a proper account 
why 1 had prefuroed to trouble him with a 
vtfir, and that 1 ^ould dnk to ndthing be- 
fore him. I almoft wiflied yet to go back 
wlihout feeing him. Thefe workings of fen- 
fibility employed my mind, till I rode thro^ 
the village, and came up to the houfe where 
he was lodged. 

Leaving my fervant with my gu3de% X 
paft through the guards, and was met hj 
Tome of the generart people, who con(^a<^ 
ed me into an antichambcr, where were fe- 
veral gentlemen in waiting. Signtor Bocco- 
ciampe had notified my arrival, and 1 was 
fhewn into Paoli's room, I found him alone* 
and Was ftruc|c with hit appearance* He is 
ta)I, flrong, and well made; of a fair com- 
plexion, a fenfible, free, and open coonte-' 
nance, and a manly and noble carriage j be 
was then in his fortieth year. He was dreft 
in green and gold. He ufed to wear the 
common Corfican habit, but on the arrival 
of the French, he thought a little external 
elegance migh( be of uf^ to make the govern- 
ment appear in a more refpe£table light. 

He a&ed me, #hat were my commands 
for him. I preiented ht^ a letter from contit 
Rivalera, and when he had read it, I (hewed 
him my letter from Rouife^u. He was po- 
lite, but very referved. I bad ftood in the 
prefeocc of many a prmce, but I never had 



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iy^lT; Perfon and Behaviour of Paoli.' 

£k& a tiial tp lo the prefence of Paoli. I 
kure already fai^, that be ia a great pbyfiog- 
MBid $ in confequcace of his being ia coo- 
tiaaal danger from treachery and a(raffiDation« 
he haa formed a habit of ftudioufly obferring 
ertry new face. For ten minutet we walked 
b^wardi and forwaxdt cbroqgh the room, 
hardly iaying a word, while he looked at me 
vith a ftedfaft, keen, and peoetratiog eye, 
a if he Cearcbed my very fool. 

Thia inierview was for a while very fe^ 
vere upon me. I was much relieved when 
his relerve broke off, and he began to fpeak 
more. 1 then ventured to addrefi him with 
this compliment to the Corficai^. *< Sir, I 
aa vpon my travels, and have lately vifited 
Xeme. I am come from feciog the mios of 
eae brave and free people : I now fee the rife 
of another j*' 

He received my compliment very graciouflyi 
bet obferred, that the Corficans had no 
chance of betag like the Romans, a great 
caeqoering naddn, whp fliould extend its em» 
^sre over half the globe. Their fituatioo^ 
and the modern political fyftems, rendered 
this impo^ble. But, faid ht, Corfica may 
be a very happy coontry* 

He espfeiled a high admiration of M. 
Sloofleaa, whom fignor Buttafoco had invited 
U Corfica, to sud the nation in foiffting iti 
lavs. 

It feemt M. de Voltaire had reported ia 
his rallying manner, that the invitation wal 
merely a trick whith he had put upon Rouf- 
Icas. Paoli told me, that when he under- 
Aood this, he himfclf wrote to Roufleau, en- 
ferdmg the iotitation. Of this affair 1 ihall 
g^ a foU account in an after part of my 
journal. 

Some of the nobles who attended him came 
into the toom, and In a little time we were 
CoM that dinner was ferved up. The general 
did me the honour to place me next him. He 
had a table of bfit^n or fixteen covers, hav- 
iag always a good many of the principal men 
•f the tfland with him« He had an Italian 
cock who bad been long in France, but he 
clMfe to have a few fubflantial diihes, avoid- 
ing every kind of luxury, and driakiog no 
fisreign wtne. 

J felt fbyfclf inder fome conftratnt in fuch 
• circle of' heroes. The general talked a 
gveat iiu\ of iiiftoiy and on literature. 1 fooh 
perceived that he was a fine ctaflieal fcholar, 
that his mind was enriched with a variety of 
knowledge, and that his cooverfation at 
meals was ioftrudive and entertaining. Be- 
fisee dinner he had fpokeh French. He now 
^eke Italian, in which he is very eloquent. 

We retired to another room to drink cof- 
Ice* JCy timidity wore off** I no longer 
aassottfly thought of myfelf{ my whole 9>t- 
teation am eooployed in liftening to the il- 
kifieas commander of a nation. 

Ht rcconf mended me to the care of abbe 
^^iaij wbo had lived mioy year% ua f ranc'e. 



109 

Signor Coloana, the lord of the maaor here^ 
being from home, his hoafe was afligoed for 
me to live in. I was left by myf^lf tilt 
near ftspper time, when I returned to the ge* 
neral, whofe convcrfation improved upon me» 
as did the fociety ot' tbo£s about him, witk 
whom I gradually formed an acquainunce, ^ 

Every day 1 found m>fcJf happier. Parti- 
cular marks of attention were Oiewo me as 
9 fubjca of Great Britain, the report of 
which went over Italy, and confirmed the 
CQnjeftures that I was really an enyoy. Ia 
the morning I had my chocolate ferved up 
upon 9 filver falver, adorned with the arms of 
Corfica* 1 dined and fupped conftantly witl^ 
the general. I was vifited by all the nobilityj 
and whenever I chofe to o>ake a little tour, 
J was attended by a party of guar/s. 1 beg- 
ged of the general not to treat me with lift 
much ceremony ; but he infifted upon it. 

One day when I rode out I was mouoted 
pn Paoli^s own horfe, with rich furniture oi 
crimfon velvet, ^jth broad gold lace, ^nd 
had my guards marching along with me: X. 
allowed myfelf to indulge a momentary pride 
in this parade, as I was curious ro experience 
what could really be the pleafure of ttate an4 
dtftinflion with which mankind are fia 
flrangely intoxicated. 

When I returned to the continent afUr alt 
this grearnefs, 1 ufed to joke with my ac- 
quaintance, and tell them that I could noc 
bear to live with them, for they did not treat 
me with a proper tt(^€t. 

My time pifled here in the moft agreeable 
manner. 1 enjoyed a fort of luxury of noble 
fentlment. Pa6li became more affable with 
me. I made myfelf known to him* I for- 
got the great didance between 01, and had 
every day fome hoqrs of private converiation 
with him. 

From my firft fetb'og out on thia tour* I 
wrote down every night what 1 had obferv^d 
during the day, throwing together a great 
deal, that I might afterward^ make a felecr 
tion at leifure. 

Of thefe particulars, the moft valuable to 
my readers, as well as to myfelf, muff fnrely 
be the memoirs and remarkable fayings of 
Paoli, which I am proud to record. Talking^ 
of the Corfican war, "^ Sir, faid he, if the 
event prove happy, we (hail be called great 
defenders of liberty. If the event fhall prove 
unhappy, we ihall be called unfortunate 
rebrli.*' 

The French objeAed to him, that the 
Corfican nation had no regular troops. •* We 
would not have them, faid Paoli. We fhould 
then have the bravery of this and the other 
regiment. At prefeat every Bngle man is a 
regiment himfelf. Should the Corficans be 
formed into regular troops, we fhould lofe 
that perfonal bravery, which has produced 
fuch anions among us, as in any other 
country would have rcAder^ famous oven a 
Marifchal."' 

ai J 



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Sentiments of PAOLtr 



<io 

« I afked hiin, how be could poflibly have 
tf foal fo fupcrior tointcrcft?** '• It is »oc fu- 
perior, UlA he, my intereft is to gain a name. 
I know v.eU, chat be thic does goo<l to hit 
country will gain that j and I expert it. Yet 
couW I render this people b^ppy, I would 
be content to be forgotten. J have an wn- 
fpeakable pride. Ur.a fuperbia indicihiU, The 
•pprob^tion of my own heart is enough.*' 

** He iaid, he would have great plca- 
fure in feeing the v/orld, and enjoy iag the 
Society of the learned, and the acconp- 
plifbcd in every country.*' ** I aflccd him, 
iow with thefe dirpofitioof, he could beir'to 
be confined to an ifland yet in a rode uncivi- 
lized ftate; and inftead of particjpailnj attic 
evenings, tioSta can^qut drum, be in "^ con-- 
tinual courfe of care and of danger?" Kc re- 
plied inr otte line of Virgil : 

yina't atrm-patri^ laud^m^ue mmertfa cufitJc, 
This uttered with the fine open Italian pro- 
nunciation, and the open dignity of his man* 
ser, was, very noblr. I wi(bed to have a 
ibtue of bim taken at that moment. 

I aflced him if be underftood Englifb. 
He immediately began and /poke it, which 
iie did tolerably well. When at Naples, he 
liad known feveral Irlih gentlemen who were 
«>fiicers in that Tervice. Having a great fa- 
cility in acquiring languages, he learnt Eng- 
liib from them. But at be had been no« 
ten years wiihovt ever fpeaking it, he fpokc 
very flow. One could fee that he was pof- 
fefled ot the words, but for vant of what I 
may call the mechanical praflice^ be had a 
difficulty in expreffing himfelf. 

I was diverted with his EngliOi library. It 
coofifted of: Some broken volumes ot the 
Spectator anA Tatler. Pope*s Efl*ay on Man. 
Gulliver's Travels. AHiftory of France in 
Old Eoglilh. And Barclay*s Apology for the 
Quakeri. ' 

1 promifcd to fend him fome Engliih 
Iwoks*. 

He convinced me bow well he nnderftood 
€ur language ; for 1 took the libetty to (hew 
bim a memorial, which I hsd Jr«wn up on 
the advantages to Great Briuin from a.i alli' 
ance with Corfica, and he tranflaicd this me* 
inorialintolralian with the greateft facility. He 
lias fincc given mc more proofs of his know- 
ledge of our tongce, by his anfwers to the 
letters which 1 have had the honour to write 
to bim in Engli(h, and in particular by a 
▼ery judicious cricicifm on fome of Swift*t 
woikf. 

He was well acquainted with the hiftory of 
Britain. He had read many of the parlia- 
mentary^dcbatcs, and even fcen a number of 
the North- Briton, he Oiewed a confiderable 

• Ibavel 



Fcbi 



knowledge of this country, and often intro- 
duced Anecdotes, and drew cofflparifons and 
allufions from Britain. 

He faid his great objeC^ was to form iftie 
Corficans in fuch a manner, that tbey might 
have a firm conftitutioo, and might be able 
to fubfift without feim. " Our ftate, faid be, 
is young, and Aill requ'res the leading ftrings 
I am defirous that the Corficans fhould be 
taught to walk of thcmfclvet. Tbcicfore 
when they come to irre to afk who they 
ihould chufe for their Padre del Commune, 
or other magiArate, I tell them, you knov 
better than I do, the able and honefl men 
among your neighbaurs. Confid'er the con- 
fequence of your choice, rot only to youf- 
felves in particular, but to the ifland in ge- 
neral. In this manner X accuflom them to 
feel their own importance." 

After reprcfenting the fe\^re and melan- 
choly ftate of opprcflion under which Ccrfica 
bad folong groanerl, he f'ii, ** V/e aie now to 
our country like the prophet EIi{hi ftrctchc<i 
over the dead child of the Shunami e, ey< 
to eye, nofe to nofe, mouth to mouih* I< 
begins to recover warmih and to revive. I 
hope it (hall yet rc^an full hcahh and vig.^u:." 

I faid that things would mak;; a r»pi<i 
progrefs, and that we fh.juld foon fee all i\u 
arts andfciences flourish in CurlUa. " Patience 
Sir, faid be, if you faw a man who ha; 
fought a bard battle, who was much v^ound 
ed, who was beaten to the grojoo, anJ wh< 
with difficulty coald lift himivlf up, it wouli 
not be reafonablc (O afk him to g * hi^ ha i 
well drefTed, and to put on rTsbr.r*.r i 
cloaths. Corfica h^i ou^ht a h^r! b tie 
baa been much woundrd, has hct^ 'r'eA en *\ 
the ground, and with difficult cai 1 ft her 
felf up« the arts and fcienccs are lirir dro: 
and ornaments. You cannot expeO tljeii 
from us for fome time. But c <me b»c] 
twenty or thirty years hencf, atd we wi 
fhew you arts and fciences, aod c ncerts an 
afT-mblies, and fine ladie*, and we wi 
make you fall in love among u^, Sir.*"" 

He fmiled a good deal, when I told hit 
that I was much furpiized to 6nd him j 
amiable, accomplifhed, and poliie ; for a 
though I knew I was to Tee a great man, 
expected to find a rude character, an Attilj 
kingjof the Goths^ or a LuitpVand, king i 
the Lombards. 

I obfetvcd that although he had often 
placid fmite upon his countenance, he hanj 
ever laughed. Whether loud laughter in g 
ncral fociety be a fign of weaknefs, or rufl 
city, I cannot fay ; but I have remark* 
that real great men, and men of finiihed b 
b^viour, fcldom fail into it. 



ve fent him the laorh of Harrington f ef Sidney, of Addi^'>n, of Tretscbard, of Garde 
mni of othir writert in favour of liberty, I bavi aifojfent bim fome of our booki of morality a 
tfitertainm^rf, in particular tbe tccrks of Mr, Samuel Jobiifan, xcitb a complete ft of the SpeS 
tort, Tatler. and Guardian ; an4 to tbe uni*verficy ofCortt I bave ftnt a JtW of (be QretJt a 
Mtman chjfct, of tin btgtiful tdiU<MS oftUMelf, Foulis, at Clajgow^ 



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\^6S, 



VARIOUS ARTICLES, 



The ninety mnd I may fay verfatility of 
Cbc- miad ol this great man it amazing* 
Oae day when 1 came in to pay my refpefla 
to him before dUner, I fotuid him ia much 
a|itsuon with a circle of bia ooblei aro.und 
him, and a Corficao ftanding before him like 
a ffir ninal before his judge. Paoli immedi- 
aldy tnrncd to me» ** I am glad you are 
cxme» Sir. You proteftantt talk much agauift 
•sr do^ioe of tranfubflaotiaciop, behold 
here the miracle of traofobiUntiatioo, a Cor- 
icaa tcanfahftantiated ioto a Gsooefe. That 
snworthy man who now ftandf before me it 
a Corftcjui, who haa been long a lieutenant 
on«cr the Genoefe, in Capo Corfo. An- 
drew Dorta, and all their greateft heroes, 
codd not be more tiqlent for the republick 
than he has been, and all againft hit couniry! 
Then tuning to the man, *< Sir, faid hc^ 
Corfica makea it a rule to pardon the moll 
VDWorthy of ber children, when they fur- 
reader themfelvet, even when they arc forced 
CO do fo, at is your cafe. Vou have now 
cicaped. But take care. I iball have a Aii€t 
eye upon upon you, and if ever you make 
the leaft attempt to return to your traiterous 
podicea^yoo know I can be avenged of you!" 
He fpoke thit with the ficrcenefs of a lion, 
and from the awful darknefi of hit brow 
one could fee that hit thoughts of yengeaace 
were terrible. Yet when it was over, he 
all at oace refumed hit ufual appear^ce, 
called out Andraino, come along 1 went to 
diucr, and was at chearful and gay m if no- 
thiag had happened. 

Jill notions of morality are high and re« 
fiaed, fuch at become the father of a nation. 
Were he a libertine hia influence would foon 
vanifli { for men will never truft the impor- 
tant concerns of fociety to one they know 
win do what is hurtful ^o fociety for hia own 
pleafHres. He told me that his father had 
brought him np with great ftri^lnefs and that 
he had very feldqm deviaud fron^ the paths 
•f virtue. That thit was not froni a defe^ 
of feeling and paifion, but that hii mind being 
fified with inaportant obje^, hit pafliont 
were employed in more noble purfuitt than 
tb*fe of licentiout pleafure. I law from Pa- 
tdi's example the great art of piefcrving 
yaung naea of fpirit from the contagion of 
vice, in which there is often a fpecie^ of ien- 
ti»eAt, iogenuity and enterpriac ficariy al* 
Bed to virtuoet qualitiei*^*. 

VI. Liitrtf a Pom. By T. Underwood, 
Utt a/ Saint Peter*i CtJl^e, Cambridge, jiw 
sht^^/tU Im^artialifi^ 4to. as. 6d. 31idon. 
nothing can b« more contemptible than 
this performaoce, unlefs it be the vanity of 
the author, who (eems to think himfelf a 
wxker of the very firft abilities— yet fo badly 
St ke ^uatiAed to be a. poet, that he givea ut 
.^rwfas a rhyme to fry/^ } couplet ri^yiiu to 
sij» i K^ to God \ btmltb to ftlf^ and bringt 
atac a muobex of metticii coojun^tioBt. 



e^ally reptignant ro harmony. $oH^e excufo 
however might be made for the poverty of 
hit rhyme, did his piece contain a little 
reafon — but of this he is io utterly barren, 
that it would be idle to fay a fy liable fas the* 
of his defpicable prndudtion. 

V]l,AmahtlUt sPoaiti by ikfr. Jernioghamf 
4to. Robfoo. 

The fubjed of this poeoci, at we are in* 
formed by an advertifement, is founded on a 
circumftance that happened duriag the late 
war — A young lady, not meeting wkh the 
concurrence of her relations ih favour of an 
officer for whom ihe exprefled her regud^ 
was prevailed upon, by his fdllicitatiuns, to 
confent to a ciandefiine marriage 3 which 
took place on the day he fet out to join hit 
regiment abroad, where he was unfortunately 
killed in an engagement. — As. to the poem, ^ 
it ho but very little merit, and it much 
more calculated to throw the reader into a 
found fleep than into a flood of tears. 

VIII. A Caveat on the Part of public Credk, 
previous to the Opening of the Budget^ for tht 
prcfeitt year, 1768, 4to. Almon. 

This it a feniible pamphlet, and weU 
worth the coafideration of every man, who 
cither has advanced, or intends to advance, 
moiuy upon government fecurities. 

IX. ji Letter to the Aplogifi for Lord B— 
by one of the Tozi'n, 8vo. is. Lewis. 

Thcfe who have thought it worth their 
while to read the catchpenny publications on 
a certain nobleman's condud to a eertaiA 
young gentlewoman, may po^Hbly think the 
prcfent pamphlet an addition to their libraries* 

X. Afecond Letter to the Author of the Con- 
feflioijul a/ntalnirg Kemarh on the fve fr^ 
Chapien of that Bock, 2vo. 

Such •; our readers as ^re fond of reaglous 
controverfy may pofiibly tad entertainment ia , 
this performance j to every body clfc we dare 
affirm it will be infapportabiy heavy -and 
difagrccable. 

XI. An Account of a Series ofExperimefiH,, - 
injlituted •iu'ttb a Vttw of ajcertuintng tke mifi 
fuccejful Method of inoculuttng for the Small^ 
Pox, By W, Watfon, M. D. %vo, Noutfc. 

In this account the geitJ«mcn of the f^* 
culty will find fevetal things weU worth theb 
attcnl'on, and even ihoie who have n^thin^, 
to do with the pradice of phyiic, will meet 
with experiments of a nature fo curious^ 
that they cannot perufc it without receiving . 
entertainment. 

Xil. Tie Ca/ro/Af>. James Gib fon, Al- 
torntyat Law y faithfully and ipipartially jJattd^ 
Svo. Lewis. 

^ This is the cafe of an unhappy prifoner la 
Newgate, with whole trial the world is well 
acquainted — and we cannot help thinking, jf 
his cafe is faithfully ftated, but that he it 
greatly entitled to the clemency of govern* • 
menu 

XIi% 



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t rt mfay on tie future 

Xin. n^imii ufn a Fgmfhhh iiititleJ^ 
Jin Apology f» tori B— — in a Litter to a 
poUHifFomMHf 8v«. It. Baldwin. 

At the noble lord*t conduA^ which gave 
sife to feTeril late poblicationi, will Tpeedily 
be CMvafled in • judicial way, we cannot but 
think any literary inquiry into it, ii belter 
^courage^, than fupported by rccommcoda- 
Cioni t6 the public. 

XIV. J Narrativt of the Rife and Progrefs 
wf the Difputa fuhfijlhi bttween the Patented 
^CoYent-Garden Tbeatre, By Mejf, Harril 
mmi Rvtherfordf 4/0. Fletcher. 

Thit publication it written with an acri- 
SDony fo evident^ and Coolplaint of Mr. Col- 
snan*l mifmanagemcnt of Cov6nc- Garden 
theatre, with fuch mantfeft injuAice, that the 
authors 1(111 not find many advocates among 
the impartial or the intelligent.— By exceed- 
ing the limitt of their own authority, and by 
urging meafiires not a little injurious to the 
inteieft of their houfe, they have given Mr. 
Colmao much room to be diflfatitfied, and 
now are greatly offended with him for bemg 
fo.— We would rerommend it therefore to 
JAr, Harris and Mr. Rutherford, who, not- 
vrithf^anding tbeir injudicious warmth on the 
prefent occafion, we bslievc to be gentlemen 
ttf probity and underftanding, to avoid Ilflen- 
ing for the future to the artful whifperiiig of 
dtfigning fycophants, and to be cautious a« 
hove all things, not to fay their property hat 
^een injured by Mr. Colman's ^dminiHration, 
I'll they convince the world, that t hit is not 
the rooh profitable feafon which hat ever been 
experienced by any patentees of CoTcnt-Gar- 
den theatre. 

XV. A true State of the Difftrencei Juhfift* 
ingketween the Proprteterg 0^ Co vent- Garden 
Theatre, J?y George Colman, 4ro. Baldwin. 

Every man of fenfe will readily fee that 
nothing can be more idle than to trouble the 
world with publications, in which it cannot 
poflibly have the lead intereft$ this circum- 
Itance increafes the imprudence of the forego- 
ing article, and Mr. Colman would have 
^en as reprehenfibie at MefT Harris and Ru* 
tlterford in this refpe^t, did not the narrative 
of thefe gentlemen reduce him to,the indif- 
peoiibie necelTicy of making a reply. — With 
regard to the merits of this reply, vre (haH 
only obferve, that Mr. Colman has greatly 
the advantage of his antagtmfls; and it it 
but juflice to Mr. Powell t* declare, that he 
bat afted a very amiable part through Ihe 
whole tranfa£^ion. 

XVI. TbeCondua of thefiur Manogert of 
€2ovent- Garden tbtmre freely tind impartially 
tieamtned, heth tt/ith regard to their pr^jent 
DifputeSp and their pe^ Management : Jn an 
Addrifi to them bf a Frequenter of that Theatre f 
4/9. is. Wilkie. 

This ii the oflipring of fome in/ignificant 
pea w)iich wanu to nakc a penny* by going 
to the literary mujut with a topic of genfrU 
IpauriaUoQi 



Lift of Brutes: 



FcB: 



XVII. Am Bpifile to d. ColttM/rni^ W<; 
Kehridk. f'letcher 

It being bniverfally believed that Mr* 
Kenrick iu tMe perfun who drew up the 
natrative publifhed by MefT. Harris and Rn- 
therford/ Mr. Colman at the tonclufioa 
of his Ttme States hid a Tery heavy ban4 
upon that gentleman^ and treated him with 
a fover:ty which roiif«d him to an immediate 
retort upon Mr. Colman — Accordingly thie 
epidle ^as advertifed, and fome people wh» 
coofidef Mr. Kenrick as a kind of a literary 
Broughton, expe£led that the Co vent- Garden 
manager would have abundant reafon to la- 
ment his temerity— but aln ! thongh the 
mountarn laboured, it did not produce fa 
much aa a moufe. 

XVIII, An Effay on the future LifeofBritta 
Creatures* By Richard Dean, Curate oflA\&* 
dtetoof 1 W. l2lffo. Kearfley. 

There it much good fenfe and great hil« 
manity in thefe little voIumcr.—A report hat 
been propagated, that an ecclefiaftical ptofe-^ 
cutton it to he commenced againft the au- 
thor, but we cannot fee with what propriety 
fuch a circumflaoce can ever take place. Be 
thit M it may, we (hall give a quotation frodl 
the author, which we could wiih the moil- 
Aert of the piefent age would be fenBble e- 
nough to regard, at there it unhappily but too 
great an occafion for admonition on thU 
head. 

" I fappofe by this time, he (ihc reader 
fays Mr. Dean) is fufficientty convinced, 
that btule Bmnoah are fomething mOre than 
meer nachinei, have an intelligent principle 
refiding within them, which is the fpring of 
their feveral a^ons and operations : If fo^ 
he will ea6Iy perceive, that he ought to 
treat them as beings very different fro<p ma* 
chines, that where he purpofes ro avnil him* 
felf of their fervices, he will ufe fuch me- 
thods In the management of them, at are 
fuitable to a nature that may be taught, in- 
ilmded, and improved ro his advantage | 
and not have recourfe onlj to force, cpm- 
pttlfion, and violence. And if creatures^- 
under management for the ends he defigne 
them, (hooid now and then fhew a little ref- 
trrenefs and oppofition, or refufe to do as he 
means they ihould do, he will learn to make 
proper allowances for this obfliracy of temper 
in them, from reflexions upon himfelf; who 
at a being with inclinations of his own, !• 
confcious ^at he is not alwayi to be guided 
by others, and kicks at ioflru^on in a diou- 
fand inflancet.** « Furthermore a man will 
confider, that at brutes are made fubjeft to 
him by the appointment of heaven, he ought 
to look upon them as creatures under hie 
government to be prdteAed, and not at pot 
in bis power to be plagued and tormented ^. 
very few of them know how to defend them- 
felvet agaioft him, at well at he does to at- 
tack them, and therefore it it only 00 parti* 
AiliteccafiOAi that he can be jufliofd in Ml. 



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1^68. 



Ke WD rick's P^JHUii 



"I 



ttfoyoo them. For a mta to torture a 
Wate, whofc life God has pot iAto his iuads, 
b a diigraceful thing, fuch a meannefs of 

r it as his boa:>ur le^atres him to fl)«n : If 
docs it out of wantoanefs he is a fool 
aad a cofPard ^ if for plcafore he is a mow 

XIX. TV 4dvntMra of Oayoel CiaJJif 
£i^ muam Qx/ord ScbJar, % voh. 0<%atM, 






The two Tplumes before yt do oot con* 
fbde this hiftorr and we a^e glad th«v d)> 
w:, for though there are many things lig^ 
ud triflingy to be found In reveFil palTages, 
acrerth^lcrs there are in fome, indicarions 
cf gcaius not a little fuperior to the novel- 
fits •' oar principal circulating libraries. 

XX. Poewu LmJkrous, Satiric jI, and Mo- 
md, iy W. Kcnrick, i «p/. 0£f. Fletcher. 

IST we had nothing to reproach a dunce 
with bat his ftupidity, he wooJd be rath«r 
cbc oijed of our pity than our indignation ; 
bst where we find an infuperable vanity, 
j« ned to ap utter want of ablU ies, our re- 
itatment is rouied, as well as our contempt^ 
and there is no podlbility of mentoninghis 
yame without afperity. This is our cafe in 
r^ard to the prefent publication; the au- 
thorteQiui inanadvctti^eaient, <<that he 



kath too much siegledbed the "mttfei, eith« 
to defcrve or expcft any great repuUtion af 
as a poet.** Whether he has negle^^ed thf 
mufes or no^ wc cannot take upon us tp 
iay, but lihis wc may (ife\y affirm, tha^ 
they ha^e (hewn no great affedion for him $ 
and we miyalfo fafcly adirm, let his ex* 
pedtalioas of applaufe be what i|iey wiU, 
his title to it is as tnfling at any ona 
icri bier's within the bills of mortality. Mr. 
Kenrick indeed, fays *' that he hath ever 
fet I'j little ftore by his poetical performances, 
as to be now able to procure copes cf but few 
p; tbofcy wrhich have occanonaJly dropt 
from his pen '* In this we think he wai 
perfcftiy right, for his poetical pcrformancea 
9$ he prefumptuoufly calls his intoUer^bls 
tra(h, were always too dcfpicaUe far any 
body's attention, and we are heartily forry. 
that he ever preferved a fingle line Of 
them for the in(pe£lion of a fenfit^le public, 
f We have received Mr. Narris's letter, 
which we thinlc is not reoiarkable either 
for candor or decency, and till he bring* 
fomething more fyhftantial than bare afer- 
tion to invalidate oar opinion of the perfoi> 
mance he has mentiojied, we muft retain 
our fentiments in regard to the merit of 
that wprk.J 



npH E new vdunea of Dr. Swift*i corref. 

X pe md utn , jot p»bli&ed uadorthe title 

«lX<t»rrf nSulUt among aany Mher in- 

l0«*uigMMi, afibod Che two loUotnug, to 

LETTER LXXXTll. 
Lord B to Dr. Swift. 

** De^ D^an, Cirencefter, 1 3 Sept. I7||. 

THOUGFl you never anfwcr any ot gay 
ktten, and I can never have a line frooi you 
tacjppc in parliament time about an In Hi cauie, 
f ^ iniift that without delay you give me 
cicber bf youiclf or agears iaunsdiaK fatis- 
Carina in fhcie points. Fitft, whether chat 
article which 1 read in the news about one 
B«rlrr a (booting pariba be true or not i fk- 
amdlj, whether he has yet bcfged pardoQ, 
and atcdUd opon oath that it was without 
deign, mod by accidcot that the g«u went 
oft la caie the h/St be true, and that he 
has Boc yet made any fufficient or reaioAaUe 
c«cu^, I reqaire of you tbat yon 4^ isama- 
£attly get fi»ae able painter m draw his 
ftBttat Mwi (end it over to me, and I will 
•rdcr a great nomber «f prima to be made 
9f it, which flail be4irpcr(ed aver ail parts af 
tb« kwMrn wotU, that fuch a worthleit raf 
cal auj aoc 90 any where wiihoat being 
ka«wa, I make no dmibc of bis bdng im- 
mcAMttlf drove out af Ireland, fucb a brutal 
toemtfi wpon the Drapier cannot be bjrae 
^crc I and he won't vanturc into £n|lavd 
vhen thsfe pciats of hta pccfoa are /ent aHont, 
kr he mmtd uxti^alf ha MoocM cui tha 

Jcb. 176I. 



bead in the firft village he pafles thrrtogh* 
Perhaps he oMy think to ikulk in HoUani, 
Che comman refuge of all icoundrels ; but 
he will toon And out chat doctor Swuft (for 
io thejr proaouisce vhs name) is in great 
cfteem there, for hie learning and political 
]«mtiii|S. la France- he would meet whh 
worie leoepttoo) for his wit is rell(he4 
there, aad many af hit traAi though fpoiM 
by traaflatiao, aee yet more admired thaft 
what it writ by^ any among themlblveo. 
Should he go into Spain, be would iind tiu^ 
Doa Suifro is in the higheft eftimation, bt" 
ing thought to be lineftlty dct'cended rro^ 
Miguel de Cervantes by a daughter of Qea- 
vedo's. Perhaps he may chio4c 00 be faft ih Po^ 
land during ihe time af tbcfe troublec j buti 
.can aflure him, from the mouth of a Polifli 
lady, wiro was lately In London, by name 
Madam ds Monmorancy (for ihe wae ma)^ 
tied ta a Fiaaoh geatleaan of that greit 
family) that |>r: Swift ii patfoaiy well 
known there $ and 4ha was very ToJicitous to 
know whether he were a Staaiflaitt or nor, 
(be being a aealont partisan for that taule; 
- Now if 4his brute of a parfon ibouid find 
BO frcuffity in fiarape, afld tharefore flip into 
the Eaft-Indiet in iatne Durch fliip, 4in a 
Outohoian may be found who would carry 
the devil for alHveror two extraordinary, 
he would be confoundedly farpHzed to fijU 
that Or. swift is knbwn in China, and that 
■ neat 10 Confueioi Ms wfitmgs are in the 
greateft e^eem. Tbt miffionaries have 
'«ran(1ate4 kuttl fiotoptaji books into thehr 
P language 



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ru 



LETTERS FROM 



Feb; 



laagatge but I am well informed tbat noae of 
fhem hive Uken fo well at hisj an4 the 
Chioeie, who are a verf lagenious people, 
Teckoa Sif the only author worth res^dtngt 
ft £9 well known that in Periia Koali-Can 
wat at the paina to tr^nAate hit works bim- 
felf s bemg bora a Scotfman, he i^nderltood 
them very well and I am oredibly ioformed 
that he lead The battle of the booki the 
night before he gave tbat great defeat to the 
Perfian army. }f he heart, of this, he 
nay imagine tbat he fball find |oqd re- 
ception at Conftaminople ; but he will be bit 
there ; for many years agp an Englifh rene* 
^ado ilaTc tranllared Efiendi Soif for them^ 
and told th«tm it was writ by an Englilbmani 
with a deiign to introduce the Mahometan 
relfgion ;, thia having got him hit liberty, 
9pd although it is not believed by the EfTendiy 
the book and the author are in the greateft 
«fteem. amongft them. Ii^' he goet into 
America, he will not be received into an^ 
'Englifb, FreQch, or Spaniih fettlement; (o 
that in all probability he would be foon fcalpt 
i>7 the wild Ind'ans; and in truth there 
vould be no manner of ftame that a head 
ftould be uncovered that hat fo little braint 
-In it* Brutality and ill-nature proceed from 
the want of fenfe^ and therefore without 
paving ever heard of him before, I can 
decide what be is, from this Angle action. 
Now I really believe bo layman could have 
.done («ch a thing. The wearing petti- 
coats gives to moft of the clei^ (a few only 
excepted of fuperior anderftsunding) certain 
ieminiae difpofitions. They are com- 
jDonly fubjed^ tq malice and envy, and give 
jQore free veat to tbofe paflionsi pofliUy 
for the fame roaf^^n that women are obferv- 
«d to do fo, bteanie they cannot be called to 
•ccount for it. ¥^en one does a brutal 
aAioQ to another, he may have hit head 
broke, or be wbipt through the lungs ; but 
«{1 who wear petticoats are iecore from fuch 
accidents. Now to avoid further trouble, 
1 hope by this time hit gown is ftrtpt off hit 
b^ck and the boys of Dublin have drawn 
him through a borfe-pond. Send me ao 
account of this, and I ft all be iatisfied. 
Adieu,' dear dean ; I am got to the end of 
iny paper, hot you may be afl^red tbat my 
regard for you fliall on|Y end with the \iA 
bt^tb of yoMr faithful iervant. 

LETTER XCI?;. 

LofJ B toJh-, Swift. 

$ I R, Bath, Nov. axy 17 5. 

T H A V £ been waiting for an opportoaity 
'- to wrire to yot« with (afety, becaufe I 
had a mind to do it with freedom $ and par- 
ticularly to cxplain^you what i meant, when 
I told you fome time ago, that I wasalnioft 
\\:cd with (boggling to no p^rpofe againft 
univer(iU corruption. I am now at tbe Batk, 
where there are at prefect many Irifli fami- 
liei^ and ti^ough I hA^t «s^«^of U^m 



all, if any gentleman or fervant was re- 
returning thither, yet I can hear of noncj, 
fo that I am fbrced, if I write at all, to 
fruft my letter by the common poft. No- 
thing it more certain than that tbis letfer 
will be opened there, the rafcali of th^i 
office have moft infamous direflioas to do it 
upoi? all o^cafions j but they would every 
man of them be turned Qut, if a letter of 
mine to yon, (hould efcape their ihtoition. 
I am thinking what the miniften may gc^ 
by their peeping ; why if 1 (^eak my mind 
i«ry plainly, they may difcover twothitigs; 
one it, that I have a very great regard for 
you ; the other that I have a very great 
contempt for them ; and in every thing I ' 
fa^ or do, ftiU fct them at defiance. Thefe 
things, if they did not know before, thev 
are very welcome, to find out nowj and t 
am determined in fome «thcr ppintj like- 
wife, to fpeak my mind very plainly to you, 
You muft know then, that when I faid I 
grew weary qf contending with corruption, 1 
nevermeant abfolutely to withdraw myfelf 
from parliament { perhaps I may not flackeii 
eveh my perfbnal oppofrtion to the wicked 
meafures of the adminiOration, but really 
I find my health begins to require (bme at- 
tention, and I labotnr under a diftemper 
which the long fittings in parliament by uo 
ways agree with. When Mr. Faulkner 
delivered me your former letter (for I hare 
jfmce had one fent*me hither by Mr, Pope) 
I wat iuft got up from my bed, where I had 
lai(» the whole night in moft exceffive tor* 
ture, with a violent fit of the gravel. >I 
was not able to write you any anfwer by 
him, who wat to depart in two days, and 
ever fince I have been at this place drinl^ng 
Use waters, in hopes thev may be of feryice 
to me. B^fidei this or my ^11 ftate of 
health, I am convinced that our confti- 
totioA it already gone, and we are idly 
ftruggling to. maintain, what in truth has 
been k>tig loft^ like fome fools here, witX 
gout and pajfiet at fourfcpre years old, 
drinking the watert in hopes of health 
again. If this was not our cafe, and tbat 
the people are already in cffcft Havet, wouh 
it have been polRble for the fame mini ft cr, 
who had projected the exclfe fcheme (he 
fore the heats it had orcafioned in the tia 
tion were well laid) to have chofen a ncy 
oarliament again exaOly to hia mind ? aoi< 
^ugh perhaps not ahog^her fo ftrong ii 
numbers, yet^ as well difpofed in general t 
his pui^fes as he could wi(h, hit mafler, 
doubt, it not fo much beloved, ac I could wU 
he was ; the minifter, I am fure, i« as mttx^ 
hated, and deteAed aa ever man was» and -ye 
I fay a new parliament was chofen of tV 
ftamp that wat defired, juft after bavii: 
failed In the moft odioua fcheme that cv 
wat proje^ed. After this, what hop 
can there ever polfibly be of fuccefs ? U 
l^t |t '^ iiom, coafafi9a> which Gpd f< 



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\y&, 



tMdH^ 



19 pr, s^-«»; 



VS 



m i ik^M U^ to icc^ la fknnti the 
whole jutipa ii lb abandoQod and tomipt. 
tttt tbe crown caA. never fail of a majority 
U both hoeiet sf parliament ; be makes 
tkea afl ia one hotiie^ and he chafes above 
£iffia tbe«dier. Foar and twenty bi(bops 
tad iattca Scatph lords, is a terrible vreifht 
U ooc I forty-five html one cdtantiy, be# 
fides tbe weft of EogUad, and all the go- 
WBuaeat b oro u ghs, is a dreadful ntuttier • 
ia ttkc other. Were his majefty^ in- 
ciised co-morrow to declare his body-cbach- 
aua his firft miaifter, it would do juft ai 
wdl aad the wheels of govemalent would 
aiove as eafiiy as they do with the fagaciovs 
ddw, who Aow fiu in the box. Parts and 
sbiUtifs are aot in the leaft wanting to con- 
i*£t afRsirs i the coachaua knows how to 
find ^s cattle, and the other feeds the 
beafts ia J^is fervace, and this is all the (kill 
tbac is necefl^ in eithet cafet Are no^ 
dieie 6ii£eiem dlMculties and difcourage- 
aeats, if there were no others, and would 
say man ftruggie again^ corruption, w£en 
ke knows, that if he is ever near defeating 
kf thofe who make ufe of it, only double 
t3ie dole, and carry all their points farther, 
aad with a higher hand^ than perhaps they 
a; firft inuadedt ^cfides all this, I have 
b^ particolar ausfoTtoaes And difappoint- 
laeats : I hsd a very near relation of great 
abilities, who was my fellOw hboorei- in the 
pubb'c canfe: He is gone) I loved and 
efteeased him much, and perhaps uilhed to 
iu him one day Serving his country in iome 
EoooBxible Action : No man was more ca> 
P^hlt of doing it, nor had better intentions 
ht the public fervice than him'cl'; and t 
ihay truly &y, that the many mortifications 
h^ mu with, ia tea or twelve years flruggling 
m^rCameor, was the occafiun of his death* 
Ihtve'lcft I'kew.fe the Irucft friend, I may 
ahtcft fay feo ar.t, ' that ever man had, in 
llr.' Mcxrili he und rftood the courfe of 
the r.tetiuei, and the public account^ of the 
kiofLom as wcl), perhaps better, than any 
man In It, aad in this rcfpc£l he Wis of fin- 
gsiar uic to me : It it utterly imp S\h\c for 
me Co gn through the drudgery by myfdf$ 
which 1 ufied to do ejOly with tiis ailiftance, 
aad herein it is that oppo^tion galls the 

fliQn* 

TheCt fevers] matters I have eiitimerated 
J02 will allow to be fome difcourageraents j 
het arverthclefs, when the time comes, 
I believe you will find me acting tb^ fame 
part X have erer done, and Which I am 
iuve (atisfied wiih rayfelf for having d^nc, 
fciKc my €Oiidu£t has nltt With your appfo- 
kaiioo : and give me leave to rrtura you my 
lacefe thanks for the many kind cx;^rcinv)ns 
d'joar friend (hi p^ which I crtctm a 1 ought, 
■ad will cndeavoor to^ dcfcrVi as well as I 
i-ta- Y^ enquire a'^ter BoJingbroke, and 
*^tt he willreturd frcm Prance. It be 

♦ L0rd BSn^hroke't 



had lifteaed toy#iir adffldnitiqot and chid*, 
sags about economy, he need xiever hard 
gone thei« \ hot isow I fancy he will feared 
return frofn thence, t<U an old gi ntleman, 
but a very htle one, f leafcs to dye ♦. I 
fcave fern fcveral of your letters on friiga^ 
lity to oor.poor fticnd John Gay (who needed 
tkeni dot) but tttife patriot|fih cad have no 
other foundation. When I fee lords of the 
gfeateft eftatas^ meanly, ftoopiag to take a 
ditty penfion, |>ecaufe they waat~a -little;, 
ready money for their extravagajicies, t 
tanoot help wifliing Xo fe^ fome papers wrir 
by you, that may, if poflible fttine-^them 
out 6f it. Thif is ttie only thing can re^ 
cover our cotiftitution^ an^ reftore honeft^F^ 
vj have of^ten tnought tiiatif ten or a dozeii 
patriots, who are known to be rich enoogfiL 
to nave ten difbei every day for dinner^ 
would invite their friends duly to two or 
Uiree, it might perhaps fbame thofe^ who 
cannot afford twO| froni having conftamly 
ten, and fo it would he in ever^ other cir^ 
ciimf^ance of life : Bbt luxury is biir ruin*' 
This grave ftnff'that I have written) looki 
like preaching, bGc I may venttire to fay*«o 
^U, it is nbt, for I fpeak fVom^ the fincerif^ 
iy of mr heart. We arc told a peace if 
made ! If it be true> 1 a£n fatisfitd oiir mini* 
fiers did not fo mtich as know of th^ ncgo* 
tiation : The, articles. Which are the dHzn" 
fible oncs^ are better than could be expaft* 
ed, but I doubt the^ are fome fecret oneSp. 
that may coft us deur, >nd lam futly con* 
rincpdthe fear of thcfc will ferniih taf 
mlniftcrs a bretence for not reducing' a 
fingle man of our appy. t have juft fooxji 
to tcU you a ridicijl<ius ftory that has happap* 
ed here. In the dioccfc of Wells th^ bi/Hop, 
and his chanceUor have (quarrelled :^ The 
confequence has b«en, the bifhop ha^ tx« 
COtnoMinvtated thb chancellor, and he ja 
return has «%opmmgnicated the tWo' afch-^ 
deacons. A vTfitatlon of the clergy wa5j ap« 
pointed; t^c b^Hiop not being able to gtf 
h.imfcif, dire^ed his archdeacons to viAt 
for him. The chancellor alleges from the 
coAfiitution of him, this cannot be, anf 
that the bi(hop can delegate his power tdT 
nobody b\2t himfelf: fo that probably alt 
the clergy who attend on the chancellor wiU 
be cxC6mmunicate't by the biihop, and alL 
who obey the ofders of the archdeaconf; 
Will be excommunicated by the chanccllof. 
Th.- bifbcp in the cathcdfsil, when the fcO-; 
tencc of excommunication wa$ going to btf 
read, fent for it, and tore it in the open 
chuVch j the chancellor afterwards affixed 
it on the chotch doofs. ' There arc a great 
many more v^ry tidicUlous circuihftan^et 
attending this aiTair, which I caonot wclf 
explain : But upon a rererenft of the wholo 
to my lord high chancellor, 1 am lold he' 
has declared his opinion in fui^pdrt of h£t^ 
brother chancellor. I am glad 1 have left 
Pi n9 

father, ttrd St, Job9^ ^ 



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tl 



$ ne M6NfHLY'CHRON(5LOGER. 



•l^el 



Btf fpace to put itay name Yd tlie bottom of IM wkert I afllircyou no mm cm be wit 
iny letter j after 'feme, things I have faid it more fin^ortty and regard than 1 am^ yoc 
may be improper^ txi^ I am fure it is need- cdoft obedient humble fervtnt. 



THE MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER. 




FiifiAY, Jan. z^\ 
^^ItVf I S majefty garc the royal affent 
^^^^^rt to the following 1)in« : 

The bill to cojitintie and 
I amend an a^ for allowrog the 
froe importation of falted beef, 
pork, bicon, and butter, from 
Ireland^ for a limited time, and for allowing^ 
the free importation of (alced beef, pork, 
butter, and bKOn/'frtmi the Brittfh domi- 
nioni in America, for a limited time. 

The' bill to enable hit majefty to licenfe ar 
i^lay houfe in the eity of Bath. 

'And to Aich other private bith at were 
j^dy. 

SAftJ^DjT, 50. 

• ^The biftop of Peterborough preached be- 
fore the houfe of Lords, in the Abbey church, 
Weftminfter, froni JamCI iii. 16. And Dr. 
Sdflton, in St. Margeret*!, before the Com- 
niont, from'^itus ill, i. 

TuiSDAt, Feb. 2; 
Three hoafei were tonfumcd i)y fire, on 
9Aow Hill^ andfeveral-dafttaged. 

* Thursday, 4. 

''An houfe was con(umcd by fire, In Plough 
4leya Moorfieldi, 

Monday, ^. 
" Count dc Chatclet, ambafTador from 
France, had his firft private audience of the 

TUUBAY, 9. 

Tour old houfea in Oeorge Yard, Water 
Lane, Fketftreet, fell down, and three per- 
ions were killed. 

WXDNESDAY, lO. 

Tijoiothy Crawley, and Patrick Swioney, 
were executed at Tyburn (See p. 5a.) Tur- 
ner, Domine^ Hart, Caley, Hamilton, Mlt- 
thener, and Davis, were reprieved, 

Tv^SDAY, 16. 

^ Aftey a trial of feveral houra before the 
Lord Chief Juftice WiUnot* the will of the 
nte Sir Thomas Clarke, mafter of the rolls, 
was confirmed j but hia copyhold efbte, be* 
ing fome inclofed grounds on Hampftead* 
Heath, was adjudged to belong to the heir 
it law, who dearly made out his affinity. 

! WXDNXSDAY, 24. 

' Hit majefty gave the royal affent to the 
ibUowiog bills : 

[^ The bill foe further regulating the pro- 
ttedings of the united company of merchants 
trading to the Kaft ladies, with refpefl to 
making of dividends.— For the better regula- 
tion of his ma]efty*s marine forces whHe on 
%()re-^or the xnocc f^edy and ei^e^al 



thnfportatien of fetoai — For ffanting so m 
to hia majefty for difbanding the army, an 
other neceifary oceafiom, as relate to th 
number of tronpa kept open the Irilk cfti 
bKfhment— for providing proper accommoda 
tlont for his majcfty*t jsAicea of the grei 
fei^nt in Walct , during the time of hoMIn 
fnch feifiona— For rebuilding amd enlargin 
the common goal of the city and coanty < 
Coventry \ and for appointing a place fm th 
ctilody of prifeoers in the mean thite— F4 
more effectually fbpplying the town of Hal: 
ftx with water, &c.~-For makiflg an 
building a convenient Erchaoge hi the cii 
df GUfgow, for enlaTging St. Andrew 
ehurch-yard, and for building a bridge ov« 
illc river Clyde, ftc.-^For enlightemnf 
paving, cleanfing the ftreetf, and for bettc 
regulating the nightly watch and beadlea 
and for regulating the poo- of the parilh c 
St. Mary le Bohe in the county of Nflddle 
f^x— For making and matntatning a navigs 
ble cot or canal fTom Birmingham to Bilftoi 
and for making collateral cuts and waggo 
ways frtm fevrral coal mines, and for con 
tinuing the faid canal to Autherley, there 1 
communicate with the canal now makic 
betareen the rivers Tient and Severn. 

And to fOch road and tncloAire blUb a 
were then ready* 

Four cAO'.'es virere tried at Cuildhill, Lou 
don, by fpecial juries, before the Right Nor 
Sir EaMley Wilmot, knt. chief jufticc of th 
Court of Common Pleav, wherein b;t%n 
iherchants vrere plaintiftSi, and the hoc 
James Murray, ECq; late governor of Q^e 
bee, was defendant, for reeoferi^g divei 
fums of money levied by way of duties udo 
iplrits imported 1 When after a full heann 
which Ufted feveril hduis, verdi^b wer 
given for the feveral pUintilft for 1l\X fuel 
duties as had been ifnpoH^d by the* defendan 
over and above the French dutia^ togethe 
with damages and cofts of fuit* 

An houfe has been conTumed by fire, a 
Rogues-well, Stepney. 

The following remarkable iJiereaTe fro4i 
a fingle pea may be depended on as faA :> 
Mr. Abraham Cock, farmir of Grove, ncs 
Caftle-Cary in Yorkfliirc, fet fome kidaey 
beans laft Teafon 3 at the end of one of th 
rows his daughter fet a white pea, which h 
propt up with a {lick \vh(in it grew, as h 
did his beans } as they ripened he gatherc 
them, and the produce was Z176, befidc 
two kids gathered when green \ and as th 
rcil had-eight la a^kid, thcle if left to riper 

woul 



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1^ y** WONTML^^ GHRONOLOCER. Iijr 



«mM iMve linAt tbe piMhKe^ to be 1^90 
yeas. 

Hi» tiia)e%'s vankm k ^rotnUe* to ftsf 
Me of the o/tendirt who Omil' at Miy tiiM 
bwe dft cj r be fuilff of coftiot to fiMtt aoy 
ilk, atcttfil*^ or OMtcrialt of the ftlk iB«* 
n^aures, on diftorery of dkeir atocott* 
paces* 

A large body of fifiugglofv lunriiig fliur* 
dixed Peter Haflif, tide-furv«yor of Yat- 
ritoeth port, aad daflgaroofty woadded ievc« 
ral odier*, wbo had ieited a kwge quantity 
of escifeahlegoodt) which the faid fniug-' 
f)en refened and carried oflf with theaa f hi» 
B^efty't pardon, at n<ual> i« offered for 
taking the oflfenden ; aod the comraiflioaert 
^ txKth ptoisi£e a reward of one hundred 
poofldt fifr taking any of them. 

A pnrdon and 50 \- reward are offered for 
Ike appacbendsng the deer>Acalera, who on 
Jan. 09, robbed hl| maiefty*! park at Wind^ 
hi, and Aot at one of the kcepertw 

Ssnd£n4*Mili, near Abingdon, hat been 
casfoflicd by fire/ and" a lad pcrifiied ta tho 
liwMs Alio a bam, iUbk» a rickof hay, 
at Roke^ in Ozfordihire, and a barn, cow- 
hnn^ dbc' Arc. nesr Hanbory-hall, in.Wor- . 
cefleiA iyc} aU fnppofed to be wilfiiUy fet on 
tie. 

Otim4, Fnh. t^. The Right Hon. the 
I»i of Lichfield, chancellor of this uni- 
wnrfity^.Jun eftabBffied two annual priaet of 
the Tthie of soi. each $ the one for a copy 
of EngfjiOr rerfet, the other for a Latin 
difeaation : and ^e fdtowing are the fub- 
jedi propoied for the prefent ytit, ^** 
Tbt the BngHJb verfr, 
Tni Coi*aoB«T •' Qtinic. 
Ftr tbe Latim di/TirtMtkn, 
A«Ttf PaotvifT RsrpunLXCJC. 

The firft prize if intended for fuch gen- 
tle^Kn of the univerficy at hare not exceed- 
wkhmr yeaft from the time of their matri- 
cufatien | aod tbe other for fuch as hare 
net compkted fcven yeart. — The ex- 
ercifci are to be fent, under a fealed cover 
to the regifter of the uorverfity, before next 
Afeenfion Day. The author is reauired to 
renceal hit name, and to diiHngulih his com- 
pofition by whatever motto he pleafet; fend- 
ing at the £ame time hit name and motto 
fealed up under another cover. —The exer- 
rifiet to which the prizes are adjudged are to 
be repeated («fter a preriout rehcarfal) in 
the Theatre upon the Commemoration-day, 
im med i a t e ly before the Orator Or Poetry 
r i ofeflbt 's Crewian Oration. 

Gloocefter, Feb. i. On Thorfday one of 
te moft horrid inftances of barbarity was 
pcYpetnted at Wottoo Underedge, in thil 
c ao p t y, chat ever was heard of, by one Sa- 
mod WaUington, a (beerman, who, about 
Cn o'efnck in the morning left hit work and 
went home, and killed his father. He firft 
knocked the poor man down with a hammer, 
Md afterwnrda cut his head almoft off*. It 



Cisfat he hod fte^«dbtf*m far ibaie iiAe pai* 
tViaatBoeJ tor kill hia for oppoing hit incli- 
nttioM to marry* The uillaio ofterwaMr 
went and toM what ke doner to inmo of 
hie neighhourt, and he wat troaiadittip 
a p f ft h end ed and oommictad to aor oallle« 

Ifnaanfe damage hat been faftaiaad bf 
the floods at BaroOey, Ripoo, Leedt, Staitht» 
and ochat partt af Yorkihiie and the North. 

Siaiahs, Jan. 19. We have had the graakt 
ak fuantity oi haddocks takan upon thia 
coaft. that hat been known fof manyyaaity 
which has givaa gioat relief to the paor, ift 
tbeiiB times when proviiona are lo featce and 
deAr« ^ In this place ate thirty-three cobles^ 
or 6(hing boats, each of which have brought 
io, upon an aretsge^ (or three weeka toga* 
ther, thirty tone a day (at f aorte a n pounds to 
the Aone) which amounts in the whole ta 
178x0 ftaoa{ and allowing three ftonu of 
fiih wtllaf&rA aa much nourtDinaant as ono 
ftaoe of baaf, this qnaality wM be a^ual to 
504oAoiieof bea^ or aiaetf*nioc fat oxen 
of Hxty ftone a piece; and allowing the kmi^ 
pfaponion to Robin Haod*t tay, and RunT- 
laick, tka flrft of which I reckon e^oal to 
Siaithty aod tha achar one third of it, chafe 
these ptaeet muft hate iuppticd the country 
with fiib at about a fartkiog a pound, cquU 
in quantity at laaR to 231 fat cattle of the 
Aore weight. 

^Extraff •/ 41 Letter fiom Alnwick^ Feb. S« ' 
: '< SooM wcokt ago the foUowtng edd afl^ir 
happened at Hunting-halt, near Haggerftoae t 
A oow belonging to a gentleman of that 
place was aflb^£ad wi(h a semarkable fweMiof 
in her body, which by hia aocount moft havo 
ieon proved fatal ) iut according to cuAom in 
iiscb oales, ha mads a fmaU kcifi^n with hlo 
penkntfs between t%vo of the ihort ribf^ 
tirom whence idiied (Wh a rapid flseam of 
air, that it pot out a candle ae a yard dif- 
tMco from Iho orifice. The eandle wat im- 
mediately lighted, aad in order to try the of- 
Mt a l^cond time, was held about ftftocn 
or fiflOeeo inches from the ground, which 
i nft a nt ao e oofly ftt ftreto the air, and it*a 
tSt&.t proved fimilar to that in a eoal mine} 
the fkme aKo went agatnft tbe ftream, and 
fst Are- ta the hair about the errfke, and 
finged the part considerably before it could bo 
extinguished. The cow immediately reco- 
feted. As the above is well alte(ted, by the * 
perfon who performed tbe operation, it af-^ 
fords piaiter of fpeculation for the naturaljf^s 
to account for fo ftraoge a phsnomenon.*^ 
(See page rS.) 

On Jan. 18, a fhock of an earthquake^ 
was frit at M.-ld, in FHntihire. 

Storms and floodrhave done much damagjc^ 
and greaily retarded the po't, in Scotland. 
Bxtrad 9f a Lttttrfibmtbt tfertb of lrcUnd» 
fan. 11* 

During the bte fevere fnow in thefe partf, 
upwards of five hundred (heep belonging to 
one fasmer, were entirely buried by the rio* 

lent 



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"tli 



MARftiAdts dMd tmrnti 



Ikb, 



Itot Mb in the filleTi. What ti- ^Mgf 
f»rplrxfinf« opon the mtltiiig ef tbe iavw* 
which was not till ten dtys •r a Ibrtiright 
afitr, they ware all fooai alii^ b«c iift 
a4c«p» and what it fufthtr remarkaUcy thef 
were all in moch better condition than be« 
fort the accident happened. Thie may af* 
i^td a qoefifon not incoriout for the natnra* 
lifit. It it well known in refpeA to other 
porta of animal life, that deep hat the ef- 
itA of nutrition ; and at to many of thetll 
we certainly know that they exift merely 
hj deep for one half of the year. What « 
iifcovery may this prove to the faftner? 
"Whether he happen! to be ihort of gnUs. 
or can not get at what he hat for (how, he 
hat nothing to do but taraife a hill of it 
over hit Aock, and let them fleep it ont.** 
SxtrsB of M Later f rum Dublin, Feb. 13. 
<< On Wednefday the Hon. Houfe of Com- 
mont waited upon hit excellency the loifd 
lieutenant, with a moft dutiful addreft to hia 
majefty, and the following addreft to hia 
excellency : 

To hit excellency George lord vifcoont 
Towniheod, lord lieutenant general and 
general governor of Ireland> the humble 
nddreft of the knighti, citisenty and 
hufgeiTet, in parliament a/lettibM. 

May it pleafe vour excellency» 
•» WE, >is majcfty't mo^ dutiful and 
loyal fubje^s, the commont or Ireland, in 
parliament alTembled, think it incumbent 
on ut to Uftify our grateful fenfe of your" 
excellency*seff'e^ualendeavourt in favour of 
the bill for limiting the duration of parlia«* 
menttinthit kingdom. 

It is with the.higheil fatisfaAioa we re» 
fled, that the aurpicioua reign of our pa^ 
triot fovcreign hat been diftinguidied by the 
return of a bill fo eflcntial to the confti* 
ttttion, and to the advancement of the pro* 
taflant religion in thit country. And we 
congratulate your excellency upon an event 
which muft ^^^ a luftre to your admini- 
flratioo, and remain as a monument to pof- 
terity of the difintereflednefs and indepen* 
dency of this houfe.** 

Grtat rejoicings have been made at Dub- 
lin, and in all parts of Ireland, on the re« 
turn of the above mentioned bill. 



Marriages tfWBraTHs. 



n 



FT I S Excellency Sir George 



Feb. I. 

Macartney was married to la- 
Jane Stewart, fecond dauglxer of the earl 
vi iutc- 2. David Price, Efq} to Mift For 
— 26. Lord Beauchamp, to the hon. Milt 
Windfor, daughter of tJio lite lord Lately^ 

^ofcph Herring, Efq} to Mifi Sallv Allaa- 
y— Alexander Wrod, Efqj to Mils Momx 
bray— William Phillimorr, TSqi to Mri. 
Burr^James Price, Efq; to MifsFludyer— r 
Ja^es Kifumj Ei'^j to M%{% CsroUne Jelft^ 



JbUrt Mioe, B^ tol^lloic^ Mi of 

9kropfliire, with a Ibrtune of 50,000!.-^ 
Lord Oema Siittoiit tft Miia Mary Peart^* 
Hcwitti Vfy m Bliis Dyer tefhter of Ui« 
late poet of that name-Eaiiof Hom^ to 
i€i6 l|aih%— Codhard Taakim^, ££» 
to Midi Simpron— John Jean, ti^ to MUg 
Baker<^Sir Jamet Ibbetftn, ^art* te Mifit 
Gaygilli daughter and heir of Mr. jdbn Cay « 
sill, of HaUifax mcfchant-EarT of MUl- 
town^ to Mifii French, of Oakport, in Rof- 
common — John Smith, Ef^ to.hlift Curtly 
of Stamfoici, a ^50001. fortune. 

Jan. 14. Mrt. Herbert^ fifter of Lot^ Dc^ 
£u^ wat delivered of a fon— 

Feb^ 3. Lady of hon. Mr. ttathurft, of 
a dau^ter— 6. Mrt. Orby Hunter, of a £Mi-« 
10. Counteis of Moray, of a Ion—Lady of 
Dr* Fowler, of a '/on — xo. Lady Sondct «f 
a fon^24. Vifcounteia To^iagfionA of ^ 
daughter. 

Lately. lady Reay, of a daughter— Lad^ 
of Horatio Mann, Efq; of a fon and heir-^ 
Lady KnatchbuU, of a fyt* 

DlATKt. " 

Jan. 29. I^TATHAMIEL l>atce, £% a4 
XN eminent mcichant. 
Feb. I. Sir Robert Rich, bart. field mar^* 
flul of the forcet, col. of the 41k rtginaeni^ 
of dragoons, and govemot of Ghelfea hof^* 
pital— Thomat J[onet, Efq; late high-ilierifiC < 
for Gloucefterihire— 3. Rt. hon. Vifcouat- 
Itilmorey— |. Thomat Brareton, ZC^i ao* 
thor of feveral ingenioua piecet*-/* Paui 
Leger, Ef^j late an eminent weaver— Toha 
Campbell, of Orchard, in North-Bntain* 
Efqj lail of the male line of the family of 
Ardkingla(a,— II. Mrs. Martha Whitway, 
aged 78, the friend and correfpondea^ of- 
Dean Swift— 12. Robert Somerville, of Bed» 
^ordihire, Efq^— 14. Mr. Thomat Biimet>. 
aftock broker— 15. Charlct Gore, of Trim, 
in Hertford ihirr, Efq^ member for Tivef** 
ton— Rt. hon. Arthur OnHow, a orivy^ 
counfellor, and fpeakerof the HoafeotConw 
mons for tblrty->three years, a poft he filled 
with the greiteft uprigntoeft and reputation* 
(Sea OnHow, in our general index}— Georg« 
Gordon, of the Middle^Temple, late of Ne- 
thermuir, in North^Britain, Efq^ aged near 
eightpr : A gentleman of primitive honour 
and integrity, great enidtlion) remarkably 
for hit profound knowledge of the lawt and 
conftitution of thit kingdam, and not lefa 
fofor his amiable and. beneficent behaviour 
in private life. His writings in the caufe of 
liberty have enlightened and improved thou- 
fands, though the name of this benefactor 
to the public, as an author, wa# known on- 
ly to his particular friends ^Edmund Plow- 
den, Efq; dercended.of the famous lawyer of 
that name~r6. Gillingham Cooper, ECq^ 
banker in the Strand, aged near 80— Mr. 
Dance, fenior, the city- fur\cyor— Mrs. Sax- 
ton, neicc of the countcfs of Macchsfieli. 

BULS 



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^y^. FOREIGN 

Bis.&i of lAoftBlity tnia Dec, sg Co 
Feb. 23. 

Whereof have died. 



AFFAIRS. 



11^ 



ITadcriYeflM 134} 
Beew. s and 5 363 

5 end xo — 295 
lo and ao — 15s 
fo and 30 —• 3W 
3Q and 40 — 
40 and 50 ^ ^14 

S and 60 — 397 WeeWy, 
aad 70 — 3C7 
70 and So — £84 
So and 90 — i»7 
fo and 100 — 17 
Seo and opvvdt 2 

* 4$«9 



Within thcWalh S89 
Witho. the walls xo6t 
Mia. and Surry aiOft 
City le Sob. Weft« xox6 



45«9 

Jan. 5. 61c 
]ft. 679 
29. 647 
aa. 557 

Feb. a, 555 
9. 56# 

16.497 
a3.46» 



45^ 
Wbeam pc^ loaf^ wt. 17 Ib^ 6og. ai. ^ 

■ I ■■ I I I ■ 

FOREIGN AFFAIRS. 

COWSTANTINOPLE, Januanr I. The 
Grand Signior hat given hit cldeft 
dteghter, a ptincefs of feven years old, to 
theMizmnji-btftis and yefterday the Grand 
Vixir doathed him with the Pellice, and de- 
dared him ibn-in-bw to the Stiltan. This 
yeoiig princcfs is widow of the late viair, 
wbo was beheaded three years ago at Me- 
aeTme. '^ 

Copeobdge9> Jan. 29, Laft nighty about 
tea a*ciod^ the qoeen of Denmark was 
hhhr delivered of a prince, to the inex- 
presMe'happifiers of her royal confort, and 
Che whole court. Her majefty and the new- 
bom prince are this mormng both as well as 
eaa be evpeOed. This very imporUnt and 
p^ch-defirtd etent happened but an hour or 
tpo befbre the anniverMry of the king of 
Deafl>ark*s own birth-day, which we are 
now celcbntitag with double feikvity. The 
birth of an hdr-nale to the crown has com- 
pleatty fulfill^ the aidenrwiihes and prayers 
•f the publick, and confei|Qently fprtaid a 
real ioy tluoogh all ranks of p«<^e. In>- 
mdiateiy after it was made known, the fo- 
idga nainiilers, and all the nobility waited 
M^ the king, who was pleafed to receive 
their com|difnents of congratahtion, and to 
CKpreis die iatisfa&ioB he received from their 
aoestioA on this inCereAiog event. The 
haag of Denfliark bellowed leferal marks of 
hvmtt oa this happy occafion. 

/The yonng pnnce was baptized by the 
atmt of Ficderi^, on Jan. 30.] 

Daataic, Nov. 16. lAik year ii26ifaips 
came into this port, of which 297 wereDoteti^ 
SS4 Engliih, and jog Dantih. The number 
wiuch ^ilcd from it was nil $ of which 
]22 wfre bound to Holland, 209 to Engljmd, 
^ t« 9vcdea u>4 fij ^ Penmark* 



^BxtraS tfn letttrfrm Warfaw,^ Jan, v/, 

** In the fittings of the commilTarics of 
the four departments of laft f^riday, many 
important affairs were terminated. The 
king is to enjoy a yearly penfion of a mil- 
lion and a half, to be paid by the treaiWy. 
The prince deRadxivil is to have an annua} 
penfion of 600,000 florins, by way of in- 
demniflcatiooi befidu three millions which 
his family lent to the republic. The trea* 
ibrer of the crown, who has hitherto enjoy* 
ed a penfion of 120,000 florins, is to have 
for the future an augmentation of 80,000 flo- 
Hns. The great trcarurer of Lithuania is t« 
have 40,000 florins added to hip yearly ap. 
pointments. The count de Fleming is to 
have a confiderable fum, as aUb the biihop of 
Wilda. In the feme fittings, the fum of 
X2,o.o PoUih ducats was granted as a yearly 
appendage or portvoa> to the two princes of 
Saxony. 

Warfaw, Feb. 3. The day before yeller- 
day the diet was opened, but immediately 
put off again for three weeks. It is afTared, 
that the reafon of this is, that feveral mat- 
fers, calculated more to exafperate than ap« 
peafb people's minds, had been delivered in« 
to the diet : among others, the manifefVo of 
the marihal of the confederacy of Grodno^ 
which is full of harfh terms againft prince 
Repnin, the pope^s brief to the prince pri* 
mate, and above all, that addrefTed to the 
king, which the apoflolick nuncio delivered 
00 Saturday laf^, to his majefty. It is faid 
in this brief, that the king ought rather to 
abdicate the crown, than fign any thing that 
may prejudice the Roman catholic religion. 
The bifliops have received a fimilar brief. 
The nuncio has delivered^ on the part of hia 
holinefs, a manifcfto to the great chancdlor, 
in 'Which he informs all thofe who may fub- 
fcrlbe to any articles of this nature, that they 
fhall be excomihonicated. It is faid the clerl. 
gy, particularly the Tefuits, have rciufed to 
contribute, in any fhape, to the public im« 
pofls. 

Trieves, Jan, 14. The Ele^^or, our So-' 
vereign, died the day before yeflerday, be- 
tween feveu and* eight in the evening, -after 
nine weeks iUneCi. His highnefs was born 
May 24, 1701, appointed a canon refidentiafy 
of the metropolitan church in this city 19 
171S, Dean in 1742, confecrated archbifhop 
of Patras, December 13, 1753; decTarol 
coadjutor to theeleAor count Francis George 
de Sconbonii July ir, 1754; afTumcd the 
government of the ele^orate on the deceafe 
of his predeceflbr, Jan. 18, 17565 and ob- 
tained the biflioprick of Worms, in 1763. 

Berlin, Feb. 13. In this country the 
winter has been very long and fevcrc, the 
cold having been obferved for feveral days at 
37 degrees below the freezing point on Fa** 
renheit's thermometer ; but within thefe fWw 
days the frofl has gone off, and wc have now 
very mild weather, which it is to be hoped 
will continue for the fake of the poor, who 
have fuf!ered greatly from the (Scarcity and 
prict of fi(i>iSt Brunf- 



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#20 



FOREIGN AFFAIR& 



Feb. 



Brunfwicky Im. tS. Tl^ hereditary 
^ncc. who had kept his room for fevtral 
d»Yh ^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ *PP^ar in pvbHc. 

The here4iur7 princeTs being again with 
.chUd, public prayers hav^ boei^ made for hor 
foy«l hiKbpcrs's delivery. 

MuAiter^an.&*. Extravagance and luxury 
In drefs having coma to a great height in 
|bis hiihojnric^, the government it going to 
poblifli an ordinance, forbidding allbuc the 
jioUe^Te and perfoni of rank to wear any liUp 
or )ace4 cloaths. 

Madrid, Jan. a6. The copmiflion efta- 
^iOied by the king, and to which five 
hi^ops have been ajmitted whom his ma- 
jtfty ient for her«^ continues it*s deliberar 
cioat, notooly on the ufe they ought to make 
pf the effe^s that belonged t9 the expelkd 
jefuitSy but alio on the reformation of the 
ckrsy, and the neceffity of remedying the 
^bules which are crept into the interior ma- 
nagement of the monafteries ; and Uftlyi on 
fhe means of putting on a better footing thf 
imiverfities of the lungdom. 

Madrid, Feb, %. Public notice hat been 
^ven in the gasetu of this city, that a i^cw 
plant, which has been found proper to be 
«i/ed in dying fiJk^ woollen, and cotton, will 
be put up to iale at the warehoufes belonging 
to Uie Caracca company. The plant grows 
Jn the province of Caracca and Maracaybo, 
and is called by the natives Dividivi. In (e* 
vera! refpeas it has the fame properties 
vith the gall-nut of Aleppo, and gives a finer 
hlack. The royal Junto of Commerce are 
taking mcafures for extending this branch of 
iradc, and the king has exempted itior a cer* 
^ain number of years from the duty on iia- 
fortation. 

Venice, Jan. 09. A few days fince died 
)iere Madam Frances Grimani^ ooniort to the 
feigning doge, aged ff years. The unhappy 
fui of this lady, who was fefpe£(able as 
ivell for her virtues as her beauty, excites 
.the companion of every one. She was ftand- 
iog in her chamber with her back to the ftre, 
.when the Aamcs caught hold ef her clothes 
with fuch violence, that they could not be 
extinguished tiU they had reached her body. 
She languiOved twelve days, and then died 
in terrible tortures. 

Leghorn, Jan. »s. We have recei^wd 
Jkere from Bafiia the news, that (he republic 
f)f Genoa has confentcd to the plan of paci- 
JBcatson propofed by the Cei^caos, We 
know not yet the conditions ; hut it is pre- 
tended, that the firft article ftipulates the 
iiree poHeflion of places, and an independ- 
ency of goTemm^nt in favour of the Corfi- 
cans I it being underftood that the medi- 
ating powers will be guarantees of the treaty. 
We learn alfo from Cape Corfe, that general 
Paoli, after providing for every thing relative 
So the fortification of the frontiers, and vi- 
siting the maft important placts #f the ifle, 
was returned to Cocte, the uiiiai place «f 
his refidence, where an aAembly of the na- 
tional council had been held, the relhlt ftf 
which it expe^ed withii 



LeghorA, Jan. 19. They write frop Cor* 
nca, that the chevalier Buttofuoc6, a Corfl* 
can by nation, and a' captain in the feryice 
of his mt^ft Chriftian majefty, is arrived there 
from Baftia, and has brought Paoli » co#> 
irendon figoed between Ae republic of Ge* 
noa and the Corficans. This news has dif- 
fuicd joy over all the i/lej and in coaiw* 
queace thereof the French troops are prcr 
paring to evacuate it. , 

Parma, Jan« »}. The infant doke oyr 
iovereign hath caofed a praginatic fan^ion 
to be publiflied lately in uiis city, compofcd 
of four articles ; the tenor of which it as 
follows I ' 

I. None of the fubje£h of (he infant 
ihall, without the exprefs permiffiou of his 
royal highnefi^ carry to any foreign tribd- 
nalSf.not ejrcQ to Rooie, fuch affaift of coo- - 
tention of any kind as ihall arife in th^ 
coontries fubje£^ to his dominion. 

JL All the infant*s fubJK£ls are forbidden 
to have recourfe to foreign princes, sovern- 
aseilts or tribunals, as well with re(pe£^ t« 
HMtters of intereft, as for the procuriflg 
within his ftate any benefice, or other ec- 
dellaftital favours, without having iirft ob« 
taised his royal hig}inefs*s confent. 

II. All benefices, as well for the core of 
fouls, IS coouftoria) and io commendaoi, 
penfions, ahbies, dignities, orpofta» which 
have any jurifdi^ion, ih#ll net for the f^.' 
ture be poiTefled, within the three dutckiesb 
by any but the fnbje6ls of the infeot* and 
with his permiiioo. 

IV. The infant declaies null and without 
^t£tf all writings, letters^ fentences, de- 
crees, bu]ls> briefs, &c. which ihall Goac 
from Rome, or any other foieign coimtry, 
at leat unlc^ Chey are fumiihtd with tW 

Laafanne, Jaa. 15. According to advices 
jvftfeceived from Geneva there is £»me hope 
of a aecepciliation between the great ao^ 
little councils and the citixens of that re- 
public. The deolaiation delivered by the 
B«prafentattves of the latter, en the if th oi 
this month, to the commiffion of the couu- 
cil of two hundred, refpe^ting the plan for 
that purpoie, having been carried on thr 
soth to the great end little councils* thofe 
two bodies made fome changes and modifi- 
oationi i« it* It was then reiblved to (o»- 
•voke t general council An the »)d, which 
noeofdingly adembled that 4ay, a*d *p* 
proved, by a majority of f 47 voices ogaiii tf 
49^ of the proposal of the great couacU {ar 
putting 0^ the eledion till the thirtyUirft 
of this moatht •If t^ia elo6tion he flEi«dc« 
then a total pacifieatioa in the republic aaruft 
follow. 



^ rbeCtntltmtn rfLhf^M^ madTbt i 
t4>snt, /bmll^ 0t it Mr dutj, U tthM gratified 
f« pur mjtt, 7!bt drjgre of om^mrr^flndemi •f 
Lmmr SMXOHyt U- tt^detf f mt/ SJerst hn, mnid if 
f4*^y ^^i ^ Mi^/iW mtith. hUny imgt- 
nmt^itm mfrtftsnd vtrft mt 4f*mA m Mr 



nexu 



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L "--*■*■ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



I ■■ i 




Or, gentleman's Monthly hitelli^^ncer \ 
For M A R C H, 1768. 



"5 



The Bxitish Thbatri 
Anflrcr to I^. N. ' 

Lobcck and its Cathedral deicribed ii6 
Apology fora late Millake i%8 

litcf Tran (anions at Oxfdrd ii6 

Virtao and Ufcs of different MiTk$ 117 
True Hiftory of the IrHh OftcAnial 
Bill 131 

A fcrurth Letter from RoulTeao 151 
A Defcrtpiion of the Ifland of Anri- 
cofti - 133' 

And of Mr. Morris's famous Jmprpve- 
mentt nt Pcrifield, near Chepftow 3 3 5 
A new Metkod to clean cbironies of 
foot 13$ 

Cure for tlie Cholic in Horfet ibid. 
General Morray'i Defence 139 

ASl forlimitiag the Duration of tbc 
Irifti Parliament 14.0 

Account of ZenobKi, x 'l*ra^edy 14.1 
Movmful Reflexions on Lo(s of Me- 
mory, with 01uUa7 Hints to Old 
Batcifclors 143 



On A. B's Letter to the Auth<irof the 
Ccnfefllional 144. 

d^aps on the KHucklet 145 

Account of Cornhifl Ward 146 

Curious Acc6unt of tlie Mole-Kce 1^7 
Life of Pope Sixtus V. 14S— 151 

Lord's Proteft on the Eaft-I«dia Divi- 
dend Bill 15a 
king's Spcecli at the Clofc of the late 
Parliamtnt 152 
General Draper's Cenotaph 153 

fOTTICAX^EsSAYS X53 — 156 

An Impartial^ Account of New Publi- 
cations 157 
Barctri's Remarks on Sharp ibid. 
Ntigent's Travels, &c. 159 
The Montblv Chronologer 163 
Marriages and Births 5 Deaths 165 
Ecclefiattlcil Preferments ibid. 
Promotions civil and military ibid. 
B-nkr-pts; courfe of Exchange ibid. 
FoREicM Affairs 167 
Stocks, Grairt} Wind amd Weatlier 11a 



WITH 

A NEW and ACCURATE MAP of the I SLAM D of X:OR STC A, 

AND 

j^lhpitESEiiTATiOBi of the Delightful Prospect from Richmond HrLL, 

up the River, 

Which 11 onivcrfally celebrated, and much admii'ed by Foreigners. 
-—,4 ^-^ ^ — ,- ::!_:. 

ION DON: Printed for R.Baldwin, at No. 47, in Pater- nofter Row j 

• • ■ 

OflAon miy be had, compleat Sets, from the Year 1731, to this Time, neatly bound or 
ftitchcd, or any finglc Month to complete S.'ts. 



^dm 



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THE 



London Magazine^ 

For MARCH, 1768. 



THE BRITISH THEATRE. 



It 




r 3yt *^ pubTic is refolutely 
L |J . Uji det<rminsd to check 
m^ m^^M aJi appearances of li- 
centioufnefs in new performances^ 
there are ftill fome old ones not a little 
rtmarkable both for impiety and inde- 
cency, which are but too much relifh • 

ed t^ the politeft audiences. 'Tis 

true, the comedies of Congreve, Van- 
bnigb, and Wycherley, though univer- 
iallv admired for their wit, are now 
laid pretty much afide, and there are 
not many men of underftanding who 
woald c1u)ore to put the mod celebra- 
ted of thefe writers into the hands of 
their daughters, or their wives ; yet 
notwithftandin^ this juft indignation 
to the vices of the comic mufe, we 
fliew no refentment wbatfocver to the 
profligacies oTher tragic filter, though 
they arc always enforced upon our 
miods with a much greater energy by 
the ador, and much more eafily re- 
tained by our memories, en account of 
ibc additional charm which they re- 
cerfe in a poliflied verification. 

I (hall readily grant, that if we were 
to have no tragedies rcprcffntcd, but 
foch as arc wholly free from the 
cbarees of impiety and indecency, the 
Bftol pur afting tragedies would be a 
VC17 Ihort one ; but Itill if we are obii- 
fti frem i»eccfllity to perform fuch 
piectsof the tragic kind as our reafon 
wdt condemn, we (hould render them 
tt ia^fFeDiive as poflible, and where an 
<^fceae' cxprefllon, or profane apof- 
tropfiecan be omitted, without inju- 
naf the main thread of afi author^s 
liWe, *tirt)ur bufincfs to Uave it out 

March* 1768. 



at once, ^s an unneceilary infult !• 
oar underftanding, or our principles* 

I am led into thefe reflections from 
the difguft I have frequently received, 
even in tragedies where a great deal of 
the oflfenfive has been juilly expunged 
by the good fenfe of Mr. Garrick, to * 
whom our ftage is fo highly indebted . 
for its prefent degree of reformation. 
In Venice Preferved for inftance, I am 
greatly pleafed to find a very grofs line, 
which the poet has put intb the mouth 
of Belvidcra, judicioufly left outfit 
is where (he tells her hufband of Re« 
nault's attempt upon her, and fays be 
was 

— -I00//, unbuUoH'd^ ready fir vio* 
lotion. 
The idea conveyed in this line was a 
very brutal one, efpecially coming . 
from a woman of honour, and, indeed, 
an adtrefs who could repeat it, muf^ 
pofTefs more than an ordjnaiy (hare of 
fortitude— yet, though this line it 
wifely reprobated in our theatres, Jaf- 
fier ilill exclaims, that the OU Goat 
miffi hofvejiunk lAjben the rank fit luas 
on him \ and talks of the connubial 
intercourfe between himfelf and hit 
wife, in a manner that muH be ex- 
tremely difagreeable to a delicate au- 
ditor.— »^— I am the more offended 
at the negligence with which w^ re* 
tain thefe clrcum fiances in Jaflier. be- 
caufe they are not in the leaft necefTa* 
ry, either for the conduct of the fable, 
or the illuftration of the chara6ter} 
on the contrary, it would be more fer- 
viceable to both, if they were intirely 
obliterated, and therefore are as re- 
pugnant to the laws of criticifm at 
to the rules of decency. 

In like manner Monimla^s defcrip- 
tion, to her brother, of Ca(lalio*s kind* 
tit(i*wbenin ber armsi in like raan- 

^» atr 



i 



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i«4 Tut Britis 

n^r LotbariA*t account: of having 
pafled 

^—ibe li^ve long night in bllfst 

In extafies too great to laft for ever, 
are detcttablc; fo is Jigo's fpeech of 
the black ram tupping the 'wbtte e'we\ fo 
is Scatirft*8 where (he Ulls us Alex- 
ander 

Curls like a *vine, an^ touches like aGody 
ftnd fo, in (hort, afe a tboufand 
fpceches in the catalogue of Our adting 
tragedies, which I, do not think it 
rcquifite to cite, as they muft cafily 
occur to the recolVe^ion pf a fenfible 
reader— It iwould do great honour, 
therefore,, to the managers of our the- 
atres, if they were to iroot out the(e 
grofs, thefe unneceflary obfcenities, 
Si^cc the negative merit of being inof- 
fcnfivcjis a matter of fome importance, 
ix^here we cannot boaft of abfoiute 
pcrfed^ion. 

But while we are thus recolleftin? 
particular faults in fame of our old 
ftock plays, let us not be unjuft to 
the merit of a modern tragedy, wh?ch 
has been lately received with univcrfal 
apprSbaiion at Drury Lane theatre— 
the reader will immediately conceive, 
that, in this place, I advert to Mr. 
Murphy*8 Zenobia, which, chough 
one of the mod capital French writers 
Crebilloii> and one of the moft cele- 
brated among the Italians Metaftafio, 
have written on the fame (lory, is, ne- 
verthelcfs, a produ61ion that docs great 
credit tp Mr. Murphy^s genius, and 
fnud be confidered by every difpaf- 
lionate critic, as a valuable acquifition 
to the Englim ftage. We would^ not 
hpwever, from thii by any means,*inn- 
nuate tbat Mr. Murphy's Zenobia is 
without its impprfpAions j the charac- 
ter of r<;'ibazus in particular is appa- 
rently inconfuicnt ; the author defigns 
him tor an o^en, for a brave, but 
alpore all for a generous prince, yet 
fo little bravery, fo little gcnsrofity 
has he, that when Zenobra even in- 
fcrrhs him of her marriage with Fla- 
noiniui, a^nd throws herlelf entirely 
upon his gQodncfs for protcftion, he 
ptirfues FlaminiuSy who has jud made 
his efcape, with a detachment of fol- 
lliers, brings him back in chains, and 
co-operates with the cruelty of his fa- 
ther to deftroy the hiifband, becaufe 
he himrdf,-a6 well as his father, erv- 
tertains a paiTion forihe wife- — Indeed, 
wlien he difcoveri (hat the pcrioA wl>o 



H Theatre. 



March 



calls bimfelf Flamijiiuf it adualiy hia. 
own brother Rhadamiftus, he then be- 
gins, to feel great compunction for be* 
ing fo materially inftrumental in 
plunging him in diftrefs; but thia 
compun6iion arifes entirely from the 
circumftance of Rhadamiftus^t being 
his brother, not from the confcioufneu 
of the injuftice he had done to tb« 
fuppofed Fiaminius; Teriba^us ia 
deeply afflicted at having behaved un- 
juftly to a brother, but while he inna-. 
gined himfclf treating only a ftraiiger 
injurioufly, he thotjieht birafelf adding 
with the moft perftCl propriety ; a 
condu6l of this nature is wholly incon* 
Cftent with the principles of generofity 5 
na^ it is wholly inconfiftcnt with the 
prmciples of common honeftyi com- 
mon honefty does not by any^ means 
allow us to injure others n^erely be- 
caufe they are ftrangefs to us ^ there 
is as much juftice due to. the greateft 
ftranger as to the brother of our brcaft, 
and conf^quently arguing by this rule 
we cannot fupppfe that Mr. Murphy 
in the chara6ler of Teribazushas ^iven 
us any thing like a true pattern, either 
of ftrift juflice or real gencroOty— 
the part of Rhadamiftus too is rather 
languid; he avoids explanations, at a 
time that explanations are mo^ of all 
neccflary, and laments the impropriety 
of his brother's conduct without ever 
attempting to fet him right. — The ca- 
taftrophe, however, is very well worked 
up, and the triumph of 2enobia, when 
her father-in-law ftruggles in the 
pangs of death, is raaftcrly to a fr*at 
degree, though .we think th^re if 
fomething like it in Do(5lor Young's 
Revenge. — :Upon the whole, Zenobia 
is a tragedy of much merit ; and will . 
we dare fay, be a conftant favourite 
with the publTc. — The epilogue to*it, 
which is written by Mr. Garrick, 
abounds with vvit and pleafantry j ai>d 
Mrs, Dancer's excellence in the ^rinci- . 
pal part, does not a little contribute 
to the fuccefs of the piece. 

The tragedy <i^ Zenobia is not the 
only new production which has made 
its' appearance at Drury-lane theatre, 
during the courfe of the Uft month, a 
little piece of two ads, entitled, the 
Ab/ent Man, and written by the very , 
ingenious author or Lionel and Cla- 
riffa, has been twice exhibited with 
general applaufe, fro»7) very crowded 
audiences,— This performance, the 

aiitt^^r 



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1 76ft, ' Jnjw9r to a' former Lttier. 

tathor candidly teUt uf lit defigttt en- 
tirely for a farc^ and confelfet that he 
bas toktfn hts plot imoLediately from a 
paper in the SpeAator. This indeed 
is e3(tr«fiiely eTidenr» bot hf involves 
liii Abfent Man inio fuch a varidty 
of wfaimficaldiftreiTeSi that heaflFordt 
conftant fund of entertain ment. 



without running into a fingle circum- 
ftince of boffoonry from the opening 
of the firft fcene to the terrainatipi^ 
of the cataftropbe.— Mr. King, in the 
Ahfent Man, is inimitable, and 'tis 
bot jufticc to (ay, that £nce the pul>- 
ikation of our laft nnmbtr, he has ap- 
peared in the part ef Shyloclc with a 
degree of reputation, at leaft equal ta 
any of his moft celebrated predecelTors 
in that very diffictlt charafter.— In- 
deed his excellence in it was fo sreat« 
titat the public are defirous of leeing 
him in a light widely di^rent to that 
to which be has hitherto been known , 
and we are pretty confident be will 
aofwer their warmeit expe^hitions. 

t$ the AUTHOR #/ the LONDON 
MAGAZINE. 
SIR. 

I Have ground to expe^, from your 
difintercfted conduct, that you 
i|ili iofert in your next Magazine the 
following reply to N. N, (page 91ft) 
which I make upon the principle. of 
ielf-defence, and that the gentleman 
mi^ht know, I am fo far from being 
ianstied with his animadverfioos, that 
I heartily pity him, and (bould rejoice 
to be ain/l^ng in bringing him to the 
knowledge of the truth. 

I produced Gal. ii. 15. to prove, 
that the cxprefiion by naturt fignifics 
irj birtb^ which every one knows who 
uadcrftaods the Greek word ^vru. If 
I were to cite human' authorities to 
coafinn it, I would mention Ham- 
mosd and Whitby on the padage ; 
oot the obje£lor, who in a preceding 
paper had laid, that the word ^tru in 
tba( parallel place Eph. ii. 3. fignifies 
o^fbm or pnUlia^ now, fays, here it 
iBcaAs €hrctuiu\JiM^ and that becaufe 
BD opan is born circumcifed, therefore 
BO man is horn a Jew. He might 
«^b e^al propriety fay, no man is a 
Sntoa bom till he has a/ferted or 
talttn up his freedom. The infant-, 
(^priof of Jewiih parents had ^ right 
tQ drcnmci^oA by viriuf of the cf ve* 



i«5 

nant God made with Abrahani» ^ 
that the mark in the flc(h did noc 
make them lews, but fuppofed, that 
they were (o by natnre or by birth 
in •ppofiilon, not to pro(elytes, bat 
to thofe who continui^ in a ftate of 
gentilifm. Moreover, to prove that 
aH does not depend, at your corref* 
pondent favs, npon circumciiion, let 
him confider that in Portugal, and 
fome other popifti countries there are 
many Jews who are not circumcifed, 
for fear of being feiaed by the inquf- 
fition, and yet they are accounted by 
their brethren in this kingdom Jew^ 
by birth. 

Af to the gentleman^s Latin quo- 
tation, Chriftuamt,nM nafdtuu fi^ fil» 
I apprehend it does not avail } for to 
make it to his purpofe, it ihoiild have 
been drntiks fwm mmfcUur^ fed fely no 
man is born a Gentile, but made (%\ 
but this would have been to fay what 
every one can gain fay. 

As to the comment he produces 
from Lardner's fermons on Plklm Ii. 7. 
which he adopts as his own, I would 
only reply, that it is a dire^ -contra- 
difiion to the letter of the text. Pa- 
vid fays in the prefence of the heart- 
fearching God, in iin did my mother 
conceive me ; this author fa3rf, that 
the time of the Pfalmift's conception 
(ignifies that early lirae of life when 
ht was capable of committing thoie 
a6inal fins whix:h he ought to repent 
of, i. e. in other words, he was not 
(hapen in iniquity, nor in iin did his 
mother conceive him. This is not 
commenting upon, but torturing the 
fcripture. I would beg leave to drop 
one plain hint and conclude^ that as 
the ftreams flow from the fountain, fo 
do our a6iual tranfgreflions proceed 
from the depravit> of human nature. . 

I am. Sir, Your humble fervanr, 
March 17, 176S. R. W. 

Extras of a Letter from Oxford. 
" r?^ 1 15 AY laft, the iith of 
JP IV^arch, 1768, ftx ftudenis be- 
longing to Ed— d — hall were expelled 
the univerfity, after an hearing of h* 
veral hours for holding methodiftkal 
tenets, and taking upon them to pray, 
read or expound the fcripturcs, ani 
fmg hymns in private houfes. The 
pi:tncfpal of the hall defended their doc- 
trintsfrom the thirty-oiive arti:cle8 of 

eke 



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Il6 DiSAORlBABLB T R A V B L L T N G. March 



tkfi eftabtifli^d church, fpoke ill the 
htgbeft terms of the [iietv and exem- 
pbrineli of their lives } but his mo- 
tioB was over-ruledi and lentence 
profiouBced againfl: them. Dr. N-«l» 
one of the heads of boufes prefent, 
obferved, that as, « thefe fix gentle- 
men were expelled for having too 
flittCh religion, it would be very pro- 
per to inquire into the conduft of 
fimiewhohadtooUt^} tndtheV—- r 
was heard to tell their, chief accufer, 
that the univeriity was much obliged 
to him for thit good work/' 

Bxtraa ofamther Letter from QidotA^ 
Mar«h iS^ 1768. 

«*THE particular^ relative to the 
procedings againft the fix young gen- , 
tkmen of Ed — d-hall, you have al- 
ready heard : Never was greater ma- 
lice exercifed on the one hand, nor a 
more particular AibmitRon on the other. 

Some of them, indeed, by n well- 
Bieant zeal, have fadlen into impru- 
dencies, but this is the utmoft that*^ 
tan be faid : Qor can this even be Aid 
of them4dl. This (entence of expul- 
ion, never inflid^ed but upon the moft 
atrocious crimes, was pronounced 
againft one of thefe gentlemen for what 
was done about two years before he 
was a member of the univeriity, and 
which he himfelf has been long con- 
vinced was an indifcretion. The other* 
were not in the Icaft confcious of hav- 
ing adVed agai'nft any law, either hu- 
man or divine, but as ibon as ever 
they were warned that praying, read- 
ing, or expounding the fcriptures in 
» private houfe, was conti^try te the 
Unit which the feniors in the univer- 
fity put upon the (latute, they imme- 
diately defifted, which wat months be- 
fore their expulfion. Two or three of 
them were accufed of being bred to 
trades i a dreadful crime ! afld of be- 
inu iniufficient in their knowledge of 
the learned languages j as wonderful a , 
rtafon of -not bcin^:; able to purfue their 
Itudics at the univerfiiv, as it would 
he for removing food fiom a man 
becaufe he was hungry. The concourfe 
ef people upon this occafion was 
prodigious, and the behaviour of the 
Rev. Dr. D— n the principal of the 
hall, was that of the fcholar, the gen- 
tleman, the ch'nftian, and the friends- 
Only four heads of heafes were prcfent 
upon this occaiion. 



From the London Chronicle. 

Oh fime Expulfions on March 11, 176S. 

at Ed— d-hall, 0— d. 

REJOICE, ye fbni of papal R«mer 

No longer bide the head | 
Mary's bled days once more are come» 

And Bonner from the dead. 

Another i contmning a fad fort of Advice 
tojoung Gownfmen, 

YE fovial iouls, drink, whore, and 
fwear. 

And all (hall then go well t 
But Q Uke heed of Hymns and prayer, 

Thefe cry aloud— -Expel. 

Extras from Dr. NugentV Travels 
ibrougk Gtrmnny^ &c. 

THE Dr. fays, *' Ive fet out from 
Hamburgh to Lubeck at fix in 
the morning in the common ftage of 
the country, called a poft- waggon, 
which is little better than one of our 
dung-carts, with boards nailed acroft 
ft for feats, and backs to them, alxmt 
a foot and a half high. They have 
generally three rows of leats, (each 
holding three perfons : and they are 
befides fo incumbered with goods, 
that a paflenger foinetimes has hardly 
room to fet his feet. There is no 

Setting into them without a lad- 
er. They travel day and night, and 
in all weathers, fo that you are fure of 
reaching your journey's end at a ftated 
time. They move but flowly,- not 
above three or four miles an hour ; 
and where the roads are bad, you un* 
dergo many a fevere jolt. Another 
inconveniency is their being uncover- 
ed; fo that [you are expofed to fun, 
hail, rain, and fnow. It is a little 
flrange that the Germans have not 
yet thought of ' providing travellers, 
and in a country where they travel fa 
much, with a better convenien^y. But 
what is very extraordinary, you pay ar 
dear for thofe wretched vehicles, at 
we do in England for commodioue 
ftage- machines i you may judge of this 
by the fare from Hamburg to Lubeck, 
which is only thirty-fix miles, and 
ceft me for my perfon 4$. 3d. Englr(fa» 
and 36. 4d. for my trunk, befidet 
drink-money to the poftilions, which 
is a groat each ftage. Thefe carriagea 
are very often richly loaded, and have 
always a heavy chcft, in which the 



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Si. Mary* J Church at Lubcck defcrihed. 127 

nifm. On it are leen the ecliptic, zo- 
diac, cc^uator and tropics j and wbat 
it aftonifhinsr, the planets iji their 
ieveral cooriet \ £o that the ftation ^ 
any of them it to be foui^d at anf 
h^trr of the day, whether they be 
abore or below the horizon, or to 
the fouthward, eaftward, or weftward, 
with many other aftronomical particu- 
lars. In a word, from this curiottf 
machine may be formed a complete al- 
manack, (hewing the daily difpo(itioas 
and* variations of the celeftial bodiet, 
fun rifmg and fettinjr, the eclipies^ 
fcftivals, and remarkable days, for tht 
meridian of Lubeck, and tbit in an/ 
year, even the leap yeart, down (• 
1S75, which will be the year of con- 
fummation to all thefe laborious dif- 
playt of aftronomical knowledge* 
There are likewife ieveral ingenious 
automata, particularly an image ot 
our Saviour, and on its right hand a 
door, which opening as the cickk 
ftriket twelve at noon, forth cose iai 
order of proceffion, the emperor and 
the feven eldcft elei^ors : and turning 
to the image, make a profound ober- 
fance, this he returns with a kind of mo- 
tion of his hand; then the auguftgroupt 
retreat in the fame order, through 4 
door on the left, and both doors im- 
mediately (hut. In the tower above 
this clock, is another mafter- piece, the 
chimes ) they play every hour, and 
with a juftnefs, celerity, and melody^ 
which charm the moft delicate ears 
Under thefe chimes is the bell, for 
ftriking the hour; which is performed 
by an image of Time, whilft a lefTer 
(igure reprefentlng Mortality, and 
(landing at the other fide of the b«ll^ 
turns a(ide its head at every ftroke* 
That this work may not be damaged 
by any indifcreet fpeftaiors, it is fra- 
med all over with wire, at the didance 
of arm's length. An infcription on 
the left, (hews the original date of this 
work to be the year 1405, though it 
has \m.4ergone two repairs , bnt the 
arli(l*& name has long been buried in 
oblivion. In the following infcription 
on the' right, are fct forth its exceU 
, lences, concluding with a devout adr 
monition : . 

AfieSfam catii, foils , hfijtque mtorem, 
Lumina ptr ctrtos^ igntm ducintia curfus^ 
Utfiuai bora fuj^ax, atque irvrvQcatniis 
mnnus | 

. ^ Mo€ 



1768. 

poft-mafters put the money and feweU 
committed to their care $ there it no 
ijiftance of their ever being robbed, 
liiough they travel all night, and thro^ 
woo£ and fore(b, with only a (ingle 
poftOion. But indeed there is fcarce 
any fuch thing as a robbery upon the 
highway in Germany. The poft-wag- 
fon fett out every day in fummer at 
ax in the momiag, and reaches Lu- 
beck the fame day ; but in winter, 
sot till the next morning. Vet in this 
miferable carriage did I venture to 
travel, preferring an open vehicle, in 
order to view the country, and 
/bengthen my conftitution by inuring 
mvfelf to the weather. I only made 
ttk of the precaution of a 1 oil(kin 
coat and cap to guard againft the 
raia." 

" St. Mary^s church at Lubeck, it 
a noble lofty pile, far exceeding any 
other ftrudure in Lubeck. It ItaDdi 
meir the ereat market-plac^, and the 
town-boufe, in the heart of the city. 
The fteeple is the higheft in all the 
town, and divides itfclf into two 
fpiresi that on the north is 117 yards 
high, and was built in 1304) the other 
OB the (buth in lyo* We went ««p 
to the top by as many fteps as theie 
arc days in the year, and had a fine 
profpe^ of the town and country. The 
entrance of the church is fupported 
by two pillars of granite, each of one 
entire piece. The inlidc is richly or- 
namented with pi^urei, aind with the 
tonbt of ienators and other eminent 
pericns. Thefe ornaments, however, 
appear too much crowded \ and the 
eye is offended at feeing them fcattered 
about in foch profufion, without any 
rf|ular order. Every hole and corner 
is nlied with a long infcription, con* 
tainis^ the character of fome fenator 
or prieft, whofe memory, perhaps, 
oo|^ to have been cosfigned to obli- 
vioa. The high altar is remarkable 
6]r the beauty of the workman(hip, at 
vdl aafbr the richnefs of the materi- 
als, being of the fined Uack and 
white marble; it was mads by the fa- 
moos Que!] in us, of AiUv^erp, in 1697, 
at the cApence of one of tiie burgo- 
nafters. 

KoC far from the high altar, is the 
celebrated aftronomical clock \ which, 
hdMet its largenefs, the multiplicity 
af its appurtenances, and omamrnts, is 
indeed a wonderful piece of mecba- 



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A ni€i£ary anijuji Apology. 



128 

Hh iihl i9ft/pideki iinlis haurire lieibit ; 
Ztd rijhms quoties imAiIbs cadfanm re- 

titiilef^ 
Fritinus ^iHpotens imfften tdudare mt' 

But the moft noted thing in Sf. Ma- 
ry^t Church, is the painting called 
Death*! Dance, fo much talked of \h 
M parts of Germany. It was origin 
nally drawn in 1463, but the figurea 
%»ere repaired at different times, as in 
15S8, 164.X, and laft of all in 1701. 
Ilere you fee the reprefedtation of 
X)eath, leading an Emperor in his 
Imperial robes, who with his other 
liand takes hold of fuch another figure, 
who leads up a king; and (b alter- 
naktely a figure of death and a human 
Mribn through all conditions and 
ia|;es of life. The intention of the 
•rtift was to (hew that death pays ho 
regard to age or condition.'* 

ro the AUTHOR of ihe LONDON 

MAGAZINE. 

SIR, February 10, 1768. 

YO 17 having republifhed in your 
lad month's Magazine, a letter 
f gned A Liveryman of London, it is 
expe^ed, from your impart iaHty, that 
you alfo rcpublifh the anfwcr^ from 
the Gmtetter of thciift u!t. as con- 
tained in a letter figncd A Lrrtryman; 
the poftfcript and copy of a Itttcr 
finned Barlow Trccothick, &c. and, in 
^uttification of a private chnraftcr iin- 
juftly traduceti, wifh this further iiT- 
fotntation, that Mr. AJdcrman Trcco- 
thick was born of Engiilh parents in 
London, regiflered in Stepney parifh, 
■nd hath not a Kinfman in North 
America. And it is lurthcr defirei, 
for much more important reafbns, that 
you rcpuWifh a letter in tiie Ledger of 
this day, ligned A Liveryman, with a 
view to prevent the purf\«ing a (ub- 
]tCt fo prejudicial to this kirt^dom. 
I am, Sir, 
Your moft humble fervant, 

A Merc HANT. 
[%• It is incumbent upon us, to 
acquaint the publick, that the letter 
complained of, was inferted by an 
ovcrfieht of the compofixr, not being 
is tended for the London Magazine, 



Mafch 



Which liev^r defbends fo fcurrflity 
tnd rudenefs, or the attack of fn-> 
fate cfaarafters : It has really given 
the authors and proprietors great 
uneafihefs that it (bould appear tkere ; 
but it was foifted in, toohlte jn the 
month, to afford time for cancelling 
it. As alll the clamour ralfed againft 
Mr. Trecothick, and rerynnfuftly, and 
upon unconHitutional principles rSiifed, 
was to prejudice him in his approach- 
ing elefhon, and the meaneft and 
dirtieft libeU followed him to the verjr 
huftings, could we have made snriends 
for our involuntary error, lift nitmthy 
it would hare been juft and prdper ) 
but now, that he has, with futh ho- 
nour to himfelf and his conftittichts, 
been ele&ed to rcprefent this . great 
city in parliament, and it is agreed 
bv every one, who thinks impartially, 
that Mr. Trecothick is a known 
friend to our civil and religions rislits, 
it could be of little fervrce, perhaps 
would be invidious, to revive (b fcanda- 
lous a difpute. We therefurrf hope 
this :rpology will be accepted fiJf flrp- 
pi-cffing it : Ajgknowledged virtue and 
integrity wifl ever emerge from the ca- 
lumnies of party, bigotry, and faflionf, 
without fuch ailiftance.j 

WE have thmight it expedient, 
as the brave Co: Treats, after 
fo many years ftruggtc for their liber- 
ties, arc likely to he acknowledged a 
fovcreign people, like the united pio- 
vfnces, by their late tyranti the Ge- 
noefe, to give oiir readers the annexed 
nc\v mapofCorfica, divided into its 
pievct or c j m t ons, which willalfb ilhi- 
crdate the extrifis from Mr. BofwelFs 
book, (from the nrap annexed Whereto 
it h^s been correfted) given in our laft, 
p^ge rof . See zX^xjCorfica and Ccrficans^ 
in onr Get^eral Index, and in the 
indexes to our fubfequent volumer. 



w 



E have aTfo obliged" our re:i- 
ders, with an engraving of 
that de'iighful and e^ttenfive proIbeO, 
from Richmond Hill, up the river j 
confeftcdiy one of the fin'eft in Surry j 
if not, on ibihe accounts, in £ng^. 
land. 



Th« 



%^ 7lf History 0/ Parliajment u dtfirred n wt mxU 



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1 768. VirlMs 0f affirm MtUcu 

Of MCiks. Frm Lettert to Married 



129 



Women. 

** JL/T I L K hat been reoommendads 

XVA. in fevcral lettert, at the pro- 
per food for infantt, and, in the four- 
teenth and fifteenth y it it again fpo- 
ken of» as being equally neceflary for 
invaKdt> and ased perfont. It (hall 
thacefore be thebufiaeft of thit letter 
to examine (6 ftu: into the qualitiet 
•f milk, nnd into the milk of different 
aaimalt, at may enable ut to deter- 
auac wbat kind of milk it upon dstfe- 
reiit occafiottt to be preferred, which 
will take in every thing, net elfewhere 
ob(enred, upon thit fubjeA. 

Milk wat before remarked to be a 
kjod of white blood, prepared by the 
mother for the fupport of her youngs 
£> far lire may fpeak of it in general 
tcrmt. 

Ita different animalt therefore it it 
reaibnable to fuppofe, and faft con- 
iirmt our fuppofition, that the quali- 
Ciet of milk are alio different $ hence^ 
by firft examining into itt general pro- 
pcrtiet, and, from thofe principles, 
ictttn| Iblrtfa the peculiar variationt in 
the mdk of difSerent animalt, we (hall 
arrive at the defired condofion. 

In milk, by ftepping into the dairy, 
tPt Biay difcern three principal com^^ 
ponent partt. ^er it hat remained 
ibme time in an undifturbed flate, the 
cream floats upon the furface; ic it 
Che leaft in qoaotity, though moii 
Boofilhing, of an oily balfamic fub* 
ftance and inflammable in itt nature, 
at the butur which it made from it 
plainly demonflratct. 

A lady, before whom I once madft 
fome experimentt, aflced me why the 
cream floated upon the furface, for 
bciag, continued fhe, the thickeft part. 
Slight it not rather to fink to the bot- 
tom ? 1 told her it wat the thickeft 
part, to be fure, but at the fame time 
it wat alfo the lighted ; fpecificalJy fo, 
at oil is lighter than water, luid there- 
fore rites to the top. 

The cream being taken off, the re- 
miimflgmilk appears bluiih, and thin- 
ner than t)etbre, and when thus rob- 
bed of its thick creamy part, it confe- 
quently is not fo fmooth to the palate. 

On the addition of runnet, or in- 
deed any acid, a reparation of the 
two remaining partt foon takes place, 
and we difcovcr the curd. Thit bsing 

March, 1768. 



at htavieft, when feparated from the 
[ley, filUs to the bottom. It it the 
•leaft valuable part of the milk, gluti- 
nout in itt nature, and compofed of 
the moft earthy partidet, being alfo 
of an adringent quality. 

The third and only remaininjr part, 
being the whey of the milk, it the 
largob in quantity, of a diluting and 
cleanfing property. 

Let us now b^ this fbndard compare 
the difierent kindt of milk moftly in 
ufe with us, and apply them to the 
purpofet for which they feem belt cal- 
culated. 

The human milk, when drawn from 
the breaff, has exactly the fame blutfli 
appearance at cows milk when the 
cream it taken off. It affords very 
little cream, and but a fmall quantity 
of curd, therefore the whey conftitotet 
the chief part ; but the more healthy 
the woman it, and particularly if be- 
tween the age of twenty and thirty, 
the more her milk aboundt with rich 
creamy balfam, and the more it alfo 
containt of the curd or earthy parti- 
det } probably from her contiitution 
being, at thit time, in full vigour, 
and the digeftive powert therefore 
more perfe£t. 

Thefe obfervationt will point out 
thoKbeft fubftitute where the breaft it 
denied, and will likewife dire^ thofe 
who prefer wet nurfing in the choice 
of the propereft perfon, for there it, 
in my opinion, an ^qual objedlion a- 
gainft the milk of a very young girl, 
at againfl: that of a woman almoft ^aO: 
child-bearing. The cleanfing quality, 
before taken notice of in the bread of 
new milk, will alfo, together with rea- 
fon and experience, (hew the proprie- 
ty of recommending thofe women 
who have not been long delivered. 

Afles milk it generally allowed to be 
the neared to the human, and accord- 
ing to the above experimentt we find it 
lb, abounding modly with whey, and 
having little of the cream or curd in 
ic. iience, after a fevere 6t of illnefs, 
where the body is much emaciated, 
and the ftomach weak, or where the 
blood is loaded with (liarp acrid hu- 
mours, the cleanfing quality of afles 
milk defcrves a preference to that of 
any other animal whifh is ufed for thit 
purpofe. In consumptive cafes, or 
where thera is a flow habitual fever, it 
it iudly to be preferred, until fuch 

K »ime 



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T^pTfifent MUk*s airdting^ 



time at tile eottftitutiott mty bevf g^Soki- 
cda little ftreogth» when the roOre 
aourifbing ought to fupplyr its (trengtlu 

Mare's milk is efteemed to be much 
Ihe fame at tiles^ but thia indeed it 
in very little ufe. j 

Cows niilk comet next under confi- 
(deration. This appears to be tbi 
richeft, and moft nourifhing of any 
of tlie brutes milk here mentionecL 
Ji abounds with a great deal of cream, 
for after flanding tw^ve hours and 
being (kimmed, it appears equal to 
any other milk. It contains alfo a 
large quantity of curd, and, after all» 
even the whey is by far more nutriti- 
€^9 than any other. 

We obferved that afTes milk, in the 
experimenti, moftjy refembles the hu* 
man. Why then not prefer that to 
cows milk for the food of chHdren ? I 
do not totally deny the ufe of this 
milk for that purpofe, but in our part 
of the country it is vtry expenfive^ 
«nd cannot be obtained in any large 
(quantity, for which reafon it would 
be impracticable to bring it into genco 
ral ufie. 

There is likewife another reafon 
prhicb inclines we to give a preference 
to cows milk, for notwithftanding the 
Amilarity of human milk to that of 
an*es, the €xfi may well be foppofed 
inoft iit'engthening, (ince women ufu« 
ally feed on animiil as well as ve^a* 
ble diet, while the brutes we ipeak 
• pf are confined intirely to vM;etables. 
Whence, if we fubftitute ailes miUc, 
we (hall fall fhort of the nouri/hmeut 
nature defigned for us, and thereforei 

{or a young child who requires a 
ieartnin|^ diet, the milk of cows, in 
my opinion, it preferable, as the 
f ichneTs of it is, in fome meafure, ade* 
quate to the fuppofed difference in 
the qualities of human milk, and that 
of other animals. 

The milk of (heep, and goatt, con- 
fids moftly of the curd» or earthy par- 
ticles ; hence, where the blood vefi'cls 
are injured b^ a(!rid humours, and 'fre- 
quent bleedings happen from this 
caufe { or where children are fubjeCl to 
the rickets, from a weaknefs of the 
bones, that milk which abounds moft- 
ly with the curd, or cheefy part, fccma 
beft calculated to anfwer the inten- 
tion { its earthy, mucilaginous, and 
aftringent property, having the grcat- 
^ tendencjr rb heal fuch ruptured vef^ 



Mkrch 



Mfif tnd^lOtgive a Mrmntk tb. thi 
bones : but as thefe milks pofiTefs lefs 
of the cleaniing power, it will, in moft 
cafbsi particularly il> bleedingi, be prO<> 
per to ufe the more attenuating kind firft. 

We hav< now examined the different 
milks familiar to us< and from their diffs- 
rent properties pointed out the end 
each lort feems beft calculated to an* 
fwer i whence every perfon wiH quick* 
iy be determined which to give the 
preference to in particular complaints* 

When any one firk begina to eat 
milk, efpecially if a free liver, it snay 
probably purge a little, but fucb in* 
conveniencies will moft commonly be 
removed by accuftoming the conftitu*- 
tion to the ufe of it, and bwiling the 
niiik will in a great meafure jfurevent 
this eftect, I have always remarked 
that thofe who, by reafon of a pam^ 
pered appetite, complain of miikand 
vegetables being windy, and not a- 
ereeing with them, are Ihe v^ per<> 
ions who moft require fucb a dier« for 
^t^is the debauched ftate of the flonwch 
and bowek that occafions their un* 
eafineft, which this rcgimoi feemt tbf 
moft likely to corre^. 

I have recommended a little fait to 
be mixed with milk before it is given 
to children, if they are apt to throw it 
up curdled { and Hiail mention the 
experiment which induced me tv give 
that advice, iince it is equally worthy 
the attention of grown peHbns, fome 
of whom make this an obje£Hon to 
their eating milk, as I am inclined 
to believe luch precaution will render 
it agreeable to moft conftitutions. 

I put two ounces of miHc, warm 
as it comes from the cow, into a tea 
cup with a little common falt^ I put 
the fame quantity, of the like warmth, 
into another tea cm^ without fait. 
Then dropping a very little diftiUed 
vinegar into each, a liard curd pre- 
fently appeared in that milk -which 
had no fait in it, While the other with 
the fait was fcarccly altered. 

I tried tlie fame experiment again 
with a large tea fpoonful of ^runnet, 
and obferv^ the milk which had the 
lalt in it, to continue in ii6 fluid (late) 
while the other grew thick and tur- 
bid, and almoft i»>ftant1y (qi.irated in- 
to curds and whey. This laft experi- 
ment anfwered the beft, and is much 
more to our purpofe ihan the ft>riner. 
From tUeD; hints it ieems reakmabie 

w 



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ijSS. 



tiijiory of tit Irifli Offtnnial SiU. 



nt 



tD Mndoie, tkat fah taktn with Tnilk 
■%kt •qvalty prerent the curdling of 
k, irficre diere it an acklky in the 
i wnach ; and froin experience, in re- 
cBaioeodisg it to cMIdren who ufed 
to tlvow ap their milk in a cnrdted 
ittt, I na convinced of its utility. 

In all cafes where infirmities or age 
l ey i re a prudent regimen, I have di- 
seted a fimiUr care to that of dieting 
dnklren. Milk therefore, con>pre» 
hcada a very material part of Aich 
fead, aad 1 am fully perfuaded that if 
it were iBore tmirerfaMy tiled, the 
worid in generat woald be greatly be- 
nefited. I do not, however, mekn to 
ht «iderftood that I debar thole from 
areafimable quantity of animal food, 
who are capable of dtgeftin^ it. But 
fiKh 3e are emaciated by itlnefs, or 
hawe the OMtAMtune to hbonr nndei^ 
lanty complaiiits, Aich alA> ^rho are 
cao&mpttvely incVmed, or thofe who 
faaaccraxy, inftrm conftitntions, and 
re iiibte^ to an habkual feverifh dir" 



was brought into the Houfc of Cooi<« 
mons, and pafied $ and, agreieabls to 
the conftitutfbn of that kingdom, the 
bill Was, as the next ftep tpwards its 
pafling jrtto a law, tranfmitted to Eng- 
land. Here it is to be obfcrved, that 
the true rcafoh of the Commons paf- . 
(ing the biil, was not fo much thtf 
ftrong and pofitive commands of tbeiz* 
conftituents, as the hopes which even 
the Iri(h. patriots themfelves enter-' 
tained, who had with fo much alacrity 
and fpirit propagated the idea of a fcp* 
tennial bill through the kingdom^ 
that it would be xejcftcd in England. 
And in order to go as far as pofTible 
towards making this hoped-for rejec-' 
tion certain, they drew up the pream- 
ble in the ftrain of, Whereas it is ti^ 
UMJouhfed rtght of tie people of Ireland t$ 
a more frequent choice of tbetr refrefert' 
tati^esy &c. No man In his fenfei 
could fiirely think that the way to ac- 
compli Ox a refignation of fo much 
power by the crov^n, was By demand^ 



will do rt^hc to eat deih *or by an aflertion that fuch power was 



•sly OAce in the day, and, for the 
reft of cbeir nosriihment, to live aU 
Bwt» ^f aot altogether upon iriXkr 

Trul^fipry^tfthe Irilh OaeaMialBHl- 

totieZdtiorof its Political Regifter; 
SIR, 

TfiE people of rrsland have at 
kngth obtained the objed of 
their fincere and ardent wiihes, viz. 
a biH for limiting the duration of par- 
liaweott i« that kincdora. Bat the 
bsS:ory of tfds tranfaSion is not a Ht- 
tie corioas, and therefore deferves to 
he recorded with the other extraordi- « 
aary politicks of the times, l^ft year, 
the ekAoirt of Ireland inftruAed their 
re^efew tadves on the fuhje^^-of brings 
ti^ hi and paOiiig a bill to limit tlie 
doratioa of their parHament to feven 
years, in like manner as the parlia* 
iBCBt <yf Great-Britain j and fb eager 
sod to tmanimous were the eleftors ia 
their de^es of obtaimng ihk law, that 
dKTt was fi:arce a town or county 
^rooghout the kingdom, which did 
■ot mOtt opon their repreCentatives 
aotiog for, and fupporting fuch a billf 
aad foroe of them went fb far as to 
eblige their members to mnkeoath they 
woald vote for it. Accordingly, when 
the pirMameitt met in liovembcr 1767, 
the heads of a bill for limiting the du- 
JMiea of parltameffits to ieveii years 



unconftitutionally with- held from the 
ftihie£(« That is impoffible. This 
cnrlous preamble, therefore, undoubt^ 
t^)y aroTe out of the motive above* 
mentioned. 

In this ftate, and with thefe hopes^ 
the bill was fent to England about the 
latter end of November 1767. It lay 
under confideration till the end of 
January 1768, or thereabouts* Tha 
poor people, and the poor reprcfcnta- 
lives, were all thjs time under the moil 
dreadful apprehcnfions t one ardently 
and inceflantly oHering up their 
prayers to heaven for its return 5 
the other wifliing, but not daring to 
s^vQw their wi(h, that it might con- 
tinue for ever under confideration* 
The m— rt, fearing the odium thty 
would Incur by rejecting the bill, and 
ibme body charitably informing them 
of the trap that was laid foi* them, 
determined at length to return it, 
•though they were as little inclined to 
this ttep as the Commons were to the 
pa^ng of it ; and the diAiculty, or 
rather the jockeyfbip between them, 
waf only which (h ulJ have the odiuui 
0/ its failing i each being deiirous of 
throwing it upon the other* Such 
alterations were therefore made in it, 
as implied on the part of the Ad — d, 
the molt djrcft oppofition to the bill, 
and which, it was thought and ex- 

R a pcacd 



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132 ' F9urtb Letter 

pe^ed, would eau(e the high fpirited 
patriots to throw it out with indigna- 
tion. The preamble was ftruck out \, 
X\it word fevcn years was changed to. 
eight years J and inftead of fuffcring 
t1)e prcfent parliament to continue 
/even years longer, at was prapofed 
by the bill, it was to be dirfblvcd at 
the end oF the prefcnt feflion. With 
the fe alterations the bill was returned. 
Upon its arrival in Ireland, the peo- 
ple hearing that fome alterations were 
made, but that they were to have a 
frequent choice of rcprefentatives and 
a new election immediately j and fear- 
ing that their members would And 
fome pretence for not paiTmg it, they 
inftantly began to aiTume their ori- 
ginal rights, their notions of which 
^hey carried to a greater extent than 
can be juftified j for they ailembied in 
great numbers upon College- green^ 
and other places in Dublin, uttering 
the moft horrid imprecations of venge- 
ance, if their rcprefentatives refuled 
to pafs the bill. Twenty thoufand 
men at one time furrounded, and fe- 
cored all the avenues leading, to the 

Sarliamont-houfe, threatening t>oth to 
lurder the members, and to pull 
down the houfe, if' the bill was not 
paifed. The patribts now finding 
tbemfelves caught in their own fnare^ 
and feeing and fearing the fpirit of the 
people, fuddenly changed about j they 
affeded to dif/eeard the affronts given 
them by the alterations j they pre- 
tended to pafs the bill very c»geiiy 
and cheartully, and concluded thia 
farce of fincerity, with an addrefs 0/ 
thanks for being to be diflblved at 
the end of the prefent fefTion. 

A fourth Letter c/Rouflcau'J 19 Mr. D. 

IN addre fling to you my fourth 
letter* I mall not trouble you 
,witU a long introdu^ion. I refume, 
^y dear fiiend, the mortifying hiftory 
.cf the mifery of man. 1 prefent to 
him a looking-glafs, but he tarnifhes 
it with his breath ; and in a moment 
after, he no longer remembers what 
manner of being ne is. 

We begin our exigence in cries 
and in tears : The fird marks of l\fe 
we give, are the marks of mifery : 
And if we would fpeak the truth, 
upon feeing an infant open its feeble 
•yelids to the light, and fhut them 
again in an inflant, we Ihould fay. 



^f Rouflfcau. 



March 



behoUl dn unhappy beinrg 1 and at if 
it forefaw, that it wat entering into 
the fociety of barbarians and favagct, 
its tears feem to demand that we 
(hould treat it with mildnefs. Poor 
little wretch 1 nature is thy only goidcf 
flie forewarns thee of danger; ,and 
foon fhalt thou find, by thy omn ex- 
perience, that there was bat too much 
reafon for the premonitions ftke gave 
thee. 

Scarce do we be^n to lifp out the 

names, the tender names, of father 

and mother, when they prepare for utf 

Puniflimentt o£ every kind, 

And bookt on every fubjed. 

As we advance in years, our fears 
encreafc; and thefe. arc foon followed 
by anxiety and uneafinefs ; till at laft 
our heart becomes the vi6tim of luft» 
and a prey to CTery paflions Monflera 
of every Kind take entire pofTeffion of 
it, and govern it with an abfolute and 
uncontrouled authority. Thenceforth, 
dragged along by the whirlwind of 
paffon, and sdternately the ft^pid vo- 
tary of effeminate delight, man knowa 
no other rule of a^ion than the grati- 
fication of his defiret, and the enjoys 
ment of his pleafures. 

Wretched flavel with returnee 
does he carry hit chaiDt» and vet U 
afraid to break them.^ Oppreflcd with 
the- load of his mtferiet, be feels the 
weight of his irons : but why fliould I 
pity him ? he pitiet not bimfelf 2 be 
has not even the courage to break the 
fetters that bind him. In order, if 
pofTible, to blunt the edge of bis an- 
guifh, he throws himfetfheedleisly into 
. the midft of the croud ; but, vain ef- 
fort 1 he finds nothing there but what 
he wanted to (hun. Happy aa he 
thinks htmfelf in the enjoyment of 
earthly* objects, he perceives not thi 
difgrace of his flavifh condition. Sub^ 
jeded to a yoke which he at onc< 
loves and hates» he huggjs the ver] 
caufe of his tormenting pains. 

Tranfported alternately by the fuq 
of revenge, the impetuo6ty of singer 
the allurements of pleafure, and tk\ 
pruriency of luftj inctflantly tor 
men ted by fear and by hope, by th 
weakoefs that makes him fall into th 
fnare that is laid for him, and the re 
morfe that gnaws his. heart for havini 
been fo fiUy at to be caught ; alik 
troubled by the bleilings which h 
has not> and by tbofc which he has 

cvei 



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ty69.' DefcripHonof the 

vmrj thing attraAt, but nothing can 
fix him i every thing pleafes, but no- 
thing can content him j hit heart is 
a motly groupe of the moft contradic- 
tory pailions. Deprived of all hit 
privilegec» he no longer retains, any 
thing of his original gnmdeur but tlft 
defire of being happy, and the mor- 
tification of knowing that he can ne- 
ver be To in the poiTeuion of the earthly 
objedt, of which he is fo fond. Such - 
b the life of man, a flux and a reflux 
of iiieoniiflencies and contraHi6lions ; 
and we are never really ourfelves but 
when we defcend into the flili fllence 
•f the gloomv grave. 

Let us pau then to death : alas 1 
BBoft men pafs to it but too foon for 
them(eWes, and too lat^ for others. 
Come hither, proud man 1 approach * 
with all thy ufual oftentation of 
pomp and magnificence: fee what thou 
lialt be, a hideous fpe^lre 1 and if thou 
bafl never yet blufhed, learn now to 
do it 5 for here nature (hews thee thy 
real defliny. But let us remove, my 
dear friend, io mournful and mortify- 
ing a pi^ure, of which I only give a 
r«ugh unfinilhed flcetch. All flelh is 
asgrafs, and all the glory thereof as 
the flower of the field: The gra(k 
withereth, and the flower dieth away : 
But behold a new fubje6t of humility 
aodabafement ! our depravity and our 
mifieries ftill remain. 

Pardon me, ray dear Sir, I fati^e 
you with this long detail. I am (en- 
lole of my error, and will therefore 
conclude. Indeed I have already (aid 
too nutch ; and, in truth, I am hear- 
tily tired myfeif of thus always preach- 
ing up reafon to men who are defli- 
tute of reafon. Accept, I befeechyou, 
oiy dear friend, my moft humble and 
refpedful compliments. 

J. J. Rousseau. 

d Defcnpiiotf of the Ifland of Anticofti, 
tf T. Wright, ttuho nvintered on, and 
fkr'-ueyed that Ifland^ by order of 
Governmentn 

THE jflmd of Anticofti is fituated 
at the entrance of the river St. 
Lawrence, between the parallels of 
49* 4' and 49* 53' 15 'N. latitude and 
the meridians of ^\^ 5*' and 64** 35' 
Weft longitude from London deter- 
mined by ten obfervations on the 
cclipfcs of Jupit^r*8 firft Satellite. Its 
circuiafereiice IS a 8a flatute miles, its 



Jfiani of Anticofti. . 135 

length li^mtlet, and its breadth from 
32 to I a miles. Tliis ifland contaioa 
1,699,840 acres of very indiiferentlandi 
the nature of the foil and natural pro- 
duce follow. 

The land in general is compofed •fa 
light coloured ftone, which is of a foft 
crumbling nature, and in (bme parts it 
mixed with day. After digging to th« 
depth of about two feet, you meet with 
fmall flat-ftonet. with fcarce any other 
mixture. 

The iea coaft from the South Weft 
point, to the Weft point, (including 
Ellis Bay and Obfervation River,) is in 
height from twenty to fihy feet« and' 
is rooftly covered with woods, to th« 
water's edge. 

Ellis Bay afTordt the only (helter for 
veflels in this large ifland, and that but 
a very indifferent one, which would bo 
greatly expofed to the fbutherly winds* 
were it not for the flioalt which extend 
from each fide of the entrance, near two 
thirds of the diftance acrcfs the bay, 
by which means they retard the vio- 
lence of the fea i but at the fame time, 
they endanger veflels in entering the 
bay with an on (hore wind, by cauf- 
ing a great fwell on the bar, on which 
is but %\ fathoms water. 

The land at the bottom of this bay 
is low marfh, and produces finaU birch, 
and fpruce trees of different forts. 

Obfervation river is the iargeft, 
and runs the greateft diftance of any 
in the ifland. We meafured eight 
leagues up it without determining its 
length. This river is remarkable 9 
for notwitbftanding its fteep banks, 
which in the middle of the ifland are 
rocky bluffs about one- hundred feet 
in height; it is fordable almoft in 
every part, except where it empties 
itfelf into the lea. The bottom is 
ftony, a!nd the water exceeding dear. 
This river will admit of fmall veflels 
at the entrance, and at the time of 
high water, which i» ver^ regular here 
at the full and change of the moon at 
%\ hours. 

The entrance of it is formed by 
two gravel points, which are conti- 
nually (Infting their fituation in a gale 
of wind from the wellward, fo that 
at one time its Ineadth viill not be 
more than twenty yards, and at other 
times 150 yards, and in the fall of the 
year is liable to be entirely choakcd 
Up, fo as to be impalFable, which 

really 



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Seals, S b a-c o vs, tie. 



134 

rtallf liapptncd when the ei|tlkio6tf al 
gtlei prevsuled in the month of Sep- ' 
ttmbcr, a few dayi after w« had got 
owr reflM into the river. 

I am of opinion^ that the feal fiffiery 
might be carried on here with feme 
faccefe in the ipnnj^ of the year j thefe 
cre attt re s , at the time of hish water, ' 
eftier the river in great faodiet , «Ad 
ai*e very carefuV to We out agiin be- 
fore the tide quits them, winch might 
be cafily prevented by a net properly 
]tkiced at the entrance of the nver. 

The 8e»-cows freqnent the South 
weft point in the fall of the year, but 
not many in number, and in fuch a 
place, as would rencfhr It impoflible 
to cut them off. 

This tfland is fo well watered, that 
in the fpace of t^wy mile round tts 
coaft, you*n either meet with a fmaU 
rivuleC or run of frefh water. 

TI^ land from the South Weft 
point to the Eaft point, is chiefly low 
heaths of black turf, fuch as is ufed 
for fiiel, heart no wood for the fpace 
of two miles from the fea-(hore, and 
contains many fmall lakes and ponds, 
where a prodigious number of wild 
fowl reibrt in the %rtng to breed up 
their younj;. 

Tlie land on the North (ide from the 
Weft point to Bear Cspe, It very 
billy Aear the middle of the Hland, 
and wdl wooded with birch, fpniCe, 
lei^A pkie of a middUng fize, the 
largeft not exceeding fttteen fffchcf 
dianreter. 

Thefe hills with a gradual defcent 
form an edging of low grafs land with 
wtUow trees along the fea-coaft. 

The ifland, from Bear Cape, to the 
Eaft point, contains feveral (mail bays, 
the extKn>e points of which, arc high 
white clifft, which lofe themfeWcs in a 
regular defoenr, and form between 
them a fine low (and beach, out of 
which tifues feveral rivulets or dreams 
of frefh water. 

The fruits, herbs, plants, and ve- 
getables which are the natural produce 
of this ifland, are cranberries, goofe- 
berries, ft ra wherries, huckle'berries,' 
red Indian- berries, juniper- berries, 
peas, parfley onions, lambfquaters, or 
wild rpinnage, Indian potatoes, farfa- 
parilla, maidenhair, and Indian tea. 

The bears, who are the principal 
onhabitants of this ifland, are fo nu- 
merous, that in the fpace of fw weeks« 



March 

we killed fifty-three, tnd nnght have 
deftroyed twice that number if w« 
had thought fit. Thefe animals, da* 
ring the winter feafon, Hve in the hol- 
lows under the roots of trees, and ic' 
is afTerted fbr fa6^, that they receive 
no other kind of nourifhment during 
that time» but from fucking their paws^ 
It is higlilv probable, that they live in 
a torpid ftate in fevere frofts^ iis we' 
neither fiiw one of them, or even their 
tracks in the fnow daring the winter. 
They come out of their holes in the 
month of April, exceeding poor, and 
feed on fifh and fea weed that is caftf 
on fhore. In fummer, they feed oit 
berries sind roots, for which they fearch 
very diligently, by grubbing along the 
fea-fhore after the manner of fwinc- 
Thefe animals hate been fo little mo* 
lefted by mankind, that we have fire- 
ouently paiTed near them without their 
difcovering the leaft fear; nor did 
they ever fhew any inclination to at- 
tack us, except only the females \^ 
defence of their young. The largMl 
of thefe bears weigh about three hun- 
dred pounds, and are very good meat. 
In this ifland, there arc alfo foxes» 
martins, and otters \ the foxes are ve- 
ry numerous, and are of two colours, 
the filver grcv, and red, partridges, 
are fcarce, and are entirely white. 

Of the water fowl there arc the greats 
eft plenty^ and fome of them of a fpe- 
cies peculiar to tliis country. 

Fifh are very fcarce along the coaft 
of tlrjs ifland, except near the call 
poinr, w1»ere, about the diftancc of 
three leagues to the northward of 
that point, is a fmall fifhing bank. 

Whales (that have been bounded, 
and efcaped) are fometimes eaft on 
fhore on the fbnth fide of this ifland ; 
for the fouth weft point forming * 
long bay with the weft point, and fa- - 
cing the weftward, a prevailing wjnid 
from that quarter, and a ftrong cur* 
rent fetting down the river St. Law- 
rence, drives them afliore on this oart 
of the ifland, where the Indians, from 
the main land, crofllng over in the 
fummer to hunt, frequently ftnd tbeni. 
The winter that we fpent on thia 
ifland was very fevere, there- being 
froft at difFereht times, from the 15th 
day of September, to the lift day of 
June following, on which day I broke 
a thin fkin of ice on a pond, and on 
tilt ijift day of May» meafMrcd a bank 

of 



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17^8- 



Jmprovemenis nt Persfield. 



135 



if fnow w^ick Iftjr near the fea» eleTtfo 
feet perpendicalar height, and half a 
fflUe in length. We bad two conti* 
sued frofta night and day, the one 
lifted from the iitb day of November 
to the 6th day of January $ and the 
ather, from the nth of the fame 
month, to the 13d day of March fol- 
kming ; during each of thefe fet froftsi 
tte thermomecer was from ten, twen* 
ty, thirty, to forty- fcven degrees he- 
lev the fr^zing mark, and the fea 
feidom to be feen for the quantity of 
ice and fnow which wat fpnead over 
ilB lurface. 

There is a report which prevails a« 
iMmgit the French, but how well 
grounded, I cannot fay, that a filver 
Bune was difcovered on the fouth fide 
of this ifland, tip a fmall river about 
ix leagites from the weft point, and 
^t {om^ of the ore yras taken to 
France, but I had not time to make a 
proper iearch after it. 

A great number of veflets have for- 
■»edy been wrecked on the eaftern 
p3rt of this ifland, which mav now 
calily be accounted for, at by the bed 
draughts hitherto made, it appears on 
the preient a^ual furvey, to be twelve 
leagues fliort of its real length, and 
c(»Sderably out of its iicuatton, both 
ia latitude and longitude. 

I am, Sir, ice. T. R. 

hriber Extraas from A ^\x Weeks 
Tour through the Southern Coon* 
ties of England and Wales, 

ptfcriptiom of Mr. Morris'/ famous Im- 
provemtnts at Persfield near Chep- 
itow, is Monmoutbfhire. 

IF your purpofe is feeing Persfield, 
you go from Chepftow up the 
Monmouth roaii, (unlefs you go by 
water, which is a pieafant Icherae 
eoobgh) and pafs dircftly to the 
iioufe : we were ihcwn to an adjoin- 
ing part of the garden, which con- 
fined of flopes and waving lawns, 
having (bruboy* trees Icattercci about 
tbem with great tattc, and ilriking 
iown a (hort walk a little to the left, 
ome at once to a little fequeftered 
ifof, (haded by a fine beach tree, 
vliich commands a landfcape, too 
beamifui for fuch a daubing pencil 
u mine to attempt to paint { Mr. 
Dodfley, with bis dells and his din- 
|eUs, and fmch e^fre£ive terms ^ might 



make amends for the mweX of a Ciaii4 
Loraine ; however, fnch an idea at 
my plain language will give you, fol- 
lows ; ' * T his little fpot, over whidi 
the beach tree fprcads, is levelled itt 
the vaft rock, which forms the (hone 
of the river Why, through Mr. Mor^ 
ris's ground ; this rock, which it to« 
tally covered with a ihrubby- under* 
wood, is almoft perpendicular front 
the water to the rail which inclofet 
the point of view. One of the fweet« 
eft valleys ever beheld lies immediate- 
ly beneath, but at fuch a depth, that 
every object is diminiflied, and ap* 
pears in miniature. This valley coa« 
nfts of a complete farm, of about 
forty inclofures, grafs, and corn-fields* 
interfedled by hedges, with many trees} 
it is a peninfula almoft furronnded hf 
the river, which winds directly be^ 
neath, in a manner wonderfully ro- 
mantic $ and what maker ihe whole 
pidui-e perfed, is iu being entirely 
furrounded by vaft rocks and preci-> 
pices, covered thick with Wood, down 
to the very water's edge. The whole 
is an amphitheatre, which feemt dropt 
from the clouds, complete in all itt 
beauty. 

From thence we turned to the leff^ 
through a winding walk cut out of 
the rock; but with wood enough 
againft the river to prevent the hor- 
rors, which would otherwife attend 
the walking on fuch a precipice : after 
pafling through a hay- field, the con- 
traft to thd preceding views, we en* 
tered the woods again, and came to at 
bench inclofed with Chinele rails in 
the rock, which commands the fame 
valley and river all fringed with wood? 
fome great rocks in front, and- joft 
above them the river Severn appeart^ 
with a boundlefs profpc€l beyond it. 

A little further we met with ano- 
ther bench inclofed with iron rails, on 
a point or the rock which here is pen^ 
dent over the river, and may b^ tru- 
ly called a fituation full oF the terri- 
ble fublime t You look immediately 
down upon a vaft hollow of wood, all 
furrourvded by the woody precipices 
which have fo fine an cffe^^l from all 
the points of view at Persfield } m the 
midit appears a (mall, bur neat build- 
ing, the bathing^houfc, which, though 
none of the heft, appears from this 
enormous height, but as a fpot of 
wbite^ in the midft of the vaft range 

of 



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136 



Romantic 



of green s Towards the right is fecn 
the windui|; of the river. 

From this if oty which feems to be 
pu(bed forward on the rock by the 
Dold hands of the genii of the place* 
you proceed to the temple, a froall 
Aeat building on the hi^heft part of 
thcfe grounds $ and imagination can- 
not form an idea of any thine; more 
beautiful than what appears full to 
your raviihed iight from this amazing 
point of view. You look down upon an 
tlie woody precipices, as if in another 
region, terminated by a wall of rocks j 
juft above them appears the river Se- 
vern in fo peculiar a manner, that you 
would fwear it waihed them, and that 
nothing parted you from it but thoCe 
rocks, which are in reality four or 
ive miles diftant. This diceptio infis 
is the moft exquifite I ever beheld, 
for viewing fir/l the river beneath 
you, then the vaft rocks rifiug in a 
Ihore of precipices, and imm^iately 
above them the noble river Severn, as 
if a part of the little world immediate- 
ly before you; and laftly, all the 
^ndlefs profpe£t. over 6louccilcr- 
iiire, are, together, fuch a bewitch- 
ing view, that nothing can exceed it, 
and contains more romantic variety, 
with fuch an apparent jun^ion of le- 
jaarate parts, that imagination can 
ibarcely conceive any thing equal to 
the amazing reality. The view of the 
right, over the park, and the wind- 
ing valley at the bottom of it, wouUI, 
from any other fpot but this, be 
thought remarkably fine. 

The winding road down to the cold 
bath, is cool, fcqueClertd, and agree- 
able. The buildmg itfelf is cxccflively 
»eat» and well contrived, and the 
O^"**?* which fupplics it, plentiful and 
tranlparent. You wind from it up the 
rock) but here, I mud be aiJo«ivcd 
juft to hint a want, if any thing can 
be wanted in fuch a fpot as Per^field. 
This walk from the cold bath is dark 
and rather gloomy, but breaks and 
obiefls are rather fcarce in it; the 
trickling flream you have juft left, 
puts one in mind of a cafcade, which 
would be here vaftly beautiful, but 
does not appear throughout all the 
walks of Persiicld. On the left, to- 
wards the valley, there is a prodigious 
ituilow filled with a thick wood, which 
a»iuoil bangs beneath you : from the 
I 



Views. March 

walk, an opening down Mirough this 
wood might eafily be made, with juft 
light enough let in, to.fhew to advan- 
tage the gu(h of a cafcade : To look 
backwards, aflant upon fuch an objeft* 
would be infinitely pidlurefque amidft 
the brownefs of this hanging grove. 
I know not whether water could be 
brought there ; but if it could, never 
was there fituation for viewing it t9 
fuch advantage. 

Fading on, there are two breaks 
from this walk, which opens to the 
valley in a very agreeable manner, 
and then leads through an extremely 
romantic cave, hollowed out of the 
rock, and opening to a fine point of 
view. At the mouth of this cave fome 
fwivel guns are planted ; the firing of 
which .occafion a repeated echo trom 
rock to rock in a moft furprizing man- 
ner. Nor inuft you pafs through this 
ivalk without obferving a remarkable 
phenomenon of a large oak, of a^reat 
age, growing out of a cleft of the 
rock, without the leaft appearance of 
any earth. Purfuing this walk, as it 
ri(es up the rocks, and pafles by the 
point of view firft mentioned, you ar- 
rive at a bench, which commands a 
view delicious beyond all imagination s 
On the left appears the valky beneath 
you, with the river winding many 
hundred fathom perpendicular be- 
neath, the whole uirroundcd by t1ie 
vail amphitheatre of wooded rocks : 
and to the right you look full upon 
the town of Chepftow ; beyond it the 
valt Severn's windings, and a prodi. 
gious profpcfl bounding the whole. 
Whenever you come to Pcrsfield, i^ft 
yourfclf fome time at this bench, for 
believe me, it is a capital one. 

From thence an agreeable walk, 
(haded on one fide with a great n\inr«* 
ber of very fine I'pruce firs, leads you 
to an irregular jundlion of winJingr 
walks, witii many large trees growing 
from the fequeftrred lawn, in a man- 
ner pkafmg to any one of lafte, au<| 
figures in a very iiriking manner, by 
contralt to what prefcntly fucceeds, 
which is a view j at the very idea ol^ 
del'cribing which, my pen drops from 

my hand : No, my good friend, 

the eyes of your imagination arc not 
keen enough to take in this point, 
which the united talents of a Claud, 
a PouiTm, a Vcrnet, and a Smith, 

would 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



1768. 

would fcarccly be able to (ketch. Full 
to the left, appears beneath you, the 
valley, in all its beautiful elegance, 
farroundcd by the ronnantic rockv 
woods ; which might be called (to uie 
mother's expreffion) a coarfe felvage 
of canvas around a* fine piece of 
lawn. In the front, rifes from the 
botlow of the river, a prodigious wall 
of formidable rocks, and immediately 
aSove them, in breaks, winds the 
Severn, as if parted from you only by 
them; On i\\t right is fcen the town 
and caille, amidll a border of wood, 
with the Severn above them, and 
over the whole, as far as the eye can 
command, an immenfe profpe£l of 
fliftant country. I leave your imagi- 
Ration to give the colours to this mere 
outline, which is all I can attempt. 

The (loping walk of ever-greens, 
which leads from them, is remarkably 
beautiful in profpef^, for the town and 
the country above it appears perpetu- 
ally varying as you move 5 each mo- 
ment prefenting a fre(h pifture, till 
the whole is loft by defceiiding. You 
next meet with the grotto, a point of 
view exquifitely beautiful j it is a (mall 
c^ve in the rock, ftuck with ftones of 
various kinds ; copper, and iron cih- 
doi, &c. Yon look from the f(pal 
in it immediately down a ftecp fldpe 
on to a hollow of wood, bounded in 
front by the cfaggy rocks, which 
ieem to part you from the Severn in 
breaks ; with the diftant country, fpot- 
ted with white buildings above all; 
forming a landfcape as truly pi^u- 
refque as any in the world. The 
winding walk, which leads from the 
giotro, varies from any of the former; 
far the town of Chepftow, and the va- 
rious neighbouring obje£ts, break on 
you through the hedge, as you pafs 
aJong, in a manner very beautiful : 
— pafTing over a little bridge which is 
thrown acrofs a road in a hollow way 
through the wood, you conne to a 
break upon a fcoop of wood aldne, 
which being different from the reft, 
pieafes as well by its novelty, as its 
romantic variety. Further on, from 
the fame walk, arc two other breaks 
which let in rural pi^lures, greatly 
beautiful ; the latter opens to you a 
hollow of wood, bounded by the wall 
of recks one way, and letting in a 
view of the town another, in a tafte 
truly bcawtiful. The next opening in 
the hedge (I (hould tell you, by the 

March, 176*. 



Dn RIGHTFUL Walks,' 



137 



by, that thcfe breaks and openings are 
all natural^ none flifi^ artifcial) givqs 
you at one fmall view, all the pidu- 
rcf'que beauties of a natural camera ob^ 
fcura\ you have a bench which is 
thickly (i)aded with trees, in a dark 
fequeftered fppt, and from it you look 
afide through the opening, on to a 
landfcape which feeras formed by x\\% 
happicft hand of defign, but is really 
nothing but catching a view of acci- 
dental objcdls. The town and caftU 
of Chepftow appear from one part 
of the bench, rinng from the roman- 
tic fteps of wood, in a manner too 
beautiful toexprcfs; a fmall remove 
difcovers the fteeple (b dropt in a pre* 
cife point of tafte, that one can fcarce- 
ly believe it a real fteeple, and not an 
eye-trap. Soon after a large breajc 
opens a various view of the diftant 
^untry ; and not far from it another, 
{niich \k tnu'cb worthy of remark ; you 
look dowq' upon"* a <:ne bend of the 
river, winding to the caftle, which 
appears ron antically fituated; the op- 
pofjte bank is a fwelling |iill, part 
over run with gorfe and rubbifti, and 
part cultivated inclofiires : This difte- 
rence in the fame objedl, is here at* 
tended with emotions not coalbnant ; 
the wild part of the hill fuit^ the, reft 
of the view, and agrees with it in the 
fen rations it raifes, but the cultivated 
part being incomplete, and uidike the 
beautiful fiirm, at the bottom of the 
beforementioned am)»hitheair^, which 
is entire, has a bad efte<^. Was the 
whole well cultivated and lively, be- 
ing rather diftin^lfrom the reft of the 
landfcape, it would have a much bet- 
ter cfFec't. 

The laft point, and which perhaps is 
equai to moft of the preceding, is the 
alcove. From this you Icok down per- 
pendicularly on the river, with a nne- 
ly cultivated (lope on the other fide. 
To the light is a prodigious ftecp 
(hore of wood, winding to the cadlc, 
which appears in full view, and a, 
part of the town. On the left appears 
a fine view of the river for fome dif- 
tance, theoppofite ftiorc of w;!d wood, 
with the rock appearing at plncrs in 
rifing cliffs, and further on to the ter- 
mination of the view that way, the 
vaft wall of rocks fo often mention- 
ed, which are here fcen in length, 
and have a ftuptfnflous efFe(5V. On the 
whole, this vi^w is ftriking and ro- 
mantic. 

$ • About 



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i3« 



Hoxio lt0 ewri ibe Ch&Hc ik Horfes. 



March 



About a mile beyond thefe wadles is 
^ Tery romantic olifFy callei the Wind 
ClifF, from which theextent of profped 
in prodigious \ but it is moft remarkable 
forthe torprizingecho, on firiiiga piftol 
♦r gun 'from it. The exolofion is re- 
peated five times ver^- diftlnflly from 
Yock to rock, often -feveti } and if the 
calmnefs of the weather happens to 
lie remarkably favourable, nine times, 
^his echo is wonderfiilly curious. Be- 
yond the cliff at fomediftance is the 
-abbey, a venerable ruin, iituated in a 
romantic hollow, belonging to the 
Duke of Beaufort, well worth your 
feeing'; and this is the conclulion of 
the Arsfield ehtertainment. 

Upon the whole, it exceedi any 
thing of the kind I ever faw. In point 
of (Iriktng pi6turefque views, in the 
romantic fine, Persfield it exquiiite. 
The cultivated in clofures, at the bot- 
tom of the valley, with the river 
winding round it, and the vail amphi- 
'theatre of rocks add pendent woods 
which wait it in, to fueb a (hipendous 
height, is tl^e capital beauty of the 
place, and Mr. Morris has fixed his 
iMnches, &c. in thofe points of view 
which command it in the bappieft 
' manner, with the utmoft tafte : Nor can 
any thing be more truly pidurefque, 
than the appearance which the Severn in 
many places takes of being fupported 
and bounded by the wall ofrocks, tho' 
four miles diftant ; this ttit^ is beyond 
imagination be^ifuilypi^Urefque. In 
refped to the extenfive profpe^s, the 
agreeable manner in which the town, 
caftle, and fteeple are caught, with the 
rocks, woodi, and river taken in 
thenifelves, other places are equal $ 
but when they unite to form the land- 
fcapes I have joft mentioned, I believe 
they wcre^ never equalled." 

A ne^v, fafif mnd fpeedy pbihfophical 
Method to clear Cbinmies of Soof, 
'without the AJfifiance of any Mam* 

MIX three parts of fait pctre, 
two parts of fait of tartar, and 
•ne part of flower of brimft^one, rub 
tbem vyell, and quickly, in a warm 
mortar ; than put at much as c^n be 
lieaped on a (hilling, on a piece of iron, 
•r iron firb- (hovel, over a (troDg, clear 
fire, near the back of the cHimney, 
if you have not a mind to hear the 
(bund of the report, which will be zt 
\Q\\t\, ifnot louder, than that of the 
tf iilharge of a ^un, get away j and as 



foon as it begins to boil brown, it will 
caufe fuch an explofion, as by the mere 
motion of the ela(lic air in the chimney 
will, without tM'leaft danger, or da- 
mage, hurry down the foot as well 
or better than when generally fwept by 
hand. / r / 

To have it thorouj;hly cleaned, if 
once difcharginp; the thundering tar- 
tar U not fufficient, it is only repeat- 
ing the operation, and which may be 
done two or three times, at the fmall 
expfence of a few halfpence. I have 
my own fc^vcd fo. J. Cooi(. 

To the AUTHOR of the LONDON 
MAG AZI^- 
S I R, Leigh, Jan. ij, 176!. 

TRAVELLING in a chaife to dint 
with a neighbouring clersyman 
laft Augull, we overtook a nirmer 
leading his horfe about in tbe road 
for the Cholick, who, on feeing us ap- 
proach, . turned off into a fide lane, 
where I fympathetically condoled witk 
the bwner, both the torture the poor 
beail fuifered, in beating himfclf to 
piece! tli^ough the pain in his guts, 
and the g^eat lo(s befides, he being 
worth fifteen guineas. 

This put me upo;i giving this my 
publick advice in all like cafes i fori 
care not how I become ferviceable, if 
I can but do go5d : A merciful man 
has mck-cy alio on a beaft, whether 
his own or other peoples. 

AH hot medicines are in^ammatorj 
and (Simulating, confequently very 
improper, where there is already too 
much of that in the very nature of 
the difeafe. Wherefore give three or 
four grains of folid opium in a pill, 
ajid cover him up warm wherever he 
liesj and if no better in an hour^s 
time repeat ihe dote j or elfc give at 
firft an hundred drops of liquid lauda- 
num, which, as a fluid, will operate 
rather quicker j if need repeat it. It 
is, let the worfe come to the worie, 
better kill a horkfecujidumart^m, then 
let him kill himfelt; of two e^ils chooXc 
the lead. By this very means ! favcd 
a farmer's horfe, who was taken aC 
the time I was in his houfe, in Den^y 
hundred, whether I was called to hit 
wife. A dcfperate difeafe requires a 
defpcrate cure. So the man hit tw* 
birds with one ftone, (aved both his 
wife and horfe. 

This method, I am perfuaded would 
(tve many a fine hone's life, by aba- 
tin j^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



i;6f. 



Gtmr/tl Murray*^ Di/ena. 



'39 



tiog the jjMan for a time, and fo pre- iniflion» governor of Qjiebec and it s 

Ttflting nature*! overading her part dependencies, it was as natural for me 

tober own burtf then throw in, in to sfTert the king's rights, as it was 

plenty, fperma ceti worked up With juft that the new conqueft ihould con 



jc&s of eggs^ Your't, 



J. Cook. 



Ta tb^ PRINTER, ^r. 
SIR, 

AS articlea have been inferted in 
the papers, and reports propa- 
gated, tending to miflead the judgment 
cf tbe public with refpe£t to my con- 
dod ia levying duties at Qiiebec, re- 
prefsating it as illegal, oppreiTive, and 
CO varran table, I am to deiire that the 
fallowing ftate of fads may be pub- 
liihcd. 

When Quebec and if s dependencies 
were fubieH .to FraQce, the French 
king's governor and intendant were, 
bf the Jaws of that province, ,im- 
povered to impofe taxes and duties by 
ticir arrets- Thofc iropofcd and col - 
laded on Ijpirituous' liquors, and on 
dry goods imported and exported,, 
sffl&unted in the year 1757 to upwards 
of 13000]. ftcrlin^y excluuve of various 
other taxes and impofts )evied for the 
Jenricc of government, as appears by 
their cuftom-houfe books now in my 
pofieffion. Tbe duties of ^e fubfe- 
qoeot years, I believe, ' were higher, 
l»at I cannot authenticate that fro|[Q 
siiy record, as all tbe public papers of 
tbde years were Carried to* Montreal 



tribute fomething towards if s own . 
fupport, at a time when England was. 
groaning under the load of an expen- 
five war. It cannot be difputed, I 
imagine, that the law of nations gives 
the conqueror a right to every thing 
the former poireiTor could claim ; and 
I am miftaken if he has not a right 
likewife to the mode of clainflng it., 
As the reprefcnutive of my mafter, I 
had the fame powers therefore to alter 
and impofe duties whith the French 
king's governor and intendant had. 
Theufe I made of that power was not 
to opprefs the people, but to alleviate 
their former burthens ; for inllead of, 
demanding the ufual duties, I annihi-; 
lated thofe on dry goods imported and 
exported, not only with a view to the 
encouragement of the manufactures 
of Great- Britain, but to prevent the- 
other colonifts from imderfelling the- 
Quebec traders at the Indian market j. 
and for the fame reafons I exempted 
ail Britifli fpirits from any duty wbat-« 
ever t But with refpeCl to other fpirits, 
not Britifli, I exa^ed 6d. per gallon. 
Hallifax currency i 5s, fame currency, 
per bogihead on wines ; and 4d. that, 
currency' per gallon on fbrubi fo tbatt 
upon every article,^ except runi, the 
duties were in no inilance fo high as^ 



bftbe intendant when the 6riti(h ar- ' the French, duties ; and though the 



nj t>efieged Quebec, and never fefl 
into my hands. 

The following duties, among others, 
«erc colleded by the French govern- 
Blent in 1757 ; On brandy 11 fols per 
fiiloo, or 6d. (lerling, equal to about 
4d. { Halifest {Currency : On eau de 
Tie de liqueur, which anfwers to our 
^rub, 10 fols per gallon, or 5d. fter- 
I ng : On rum ^4 Rvres per hogfliead, 
cr il. fterling, upwards of 4d. per 
plkm Hallifax currency : On wine 
n Evres per hog(head, or xos. fter- 
Lfig ; On ordinary wine bottled' 6ne 
^uKpeony per bottle : On fweet wine 
cae penny halfpenny per bottle. The 
■''oty 00 dry gOods was three per cent. 
iHd drodnced that year 3363I. iSs. 
'A i fterling: .Thar on goods ex- 
p'xted produced the fame year 16571* 

Wlro Canada was conquered by hi$ 
nsijefty't arms, and I had xht honour 
.obe appointed, by the king's corn- 



French had made the duty on rum; 
lower than on other fpirits in order, 
to encomaj^e the produce of their 
fugar colonies, even in preference to 
the produce of the mother country of 
France, yet the policy of Great firi-v 
tain had been always different, and 
i therefore put rum on tbe fame foot- 
ing with all other fpirits, not Briti(h,; 
and impofed upon it a lower duty; 
than the French had impofed on 
brandy, the produce of Old France. 

That the public might fee wha^ 
fums had been collefled, and be abl^ 
to correal any errors of the officer^ 
who collected the duties, in July, 
'i7f5» I caufed an account to be in- 
ferted in the Quebec Gazette, with 
the particulars of the days of entry, 
the fpecies and names of vefTels, com- 
nunders names and from whence, the 
quantity and ouality of the fpirits, and 
the fums cotleAed on each,^ from 
May 1 76 1, to 1765, when the duty 

S a ^ terjninattd 



Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



1 4.0 A£l fcr limiting the Duration of Irifti Parliaments, March 



r: Tin ins ted by the cflabliftiment of ci 
vll go^Trnmcnt, and it appeared that 
the whole amount of the duties taken 
by my order for tbefe four years, was 
only 11,12^1. 4s. Ilallifix currency; 
whereaf, at an average, had tcxaf^ed 
the whole duties which cxifted during 
the French government, the fum 
would Inve betn not Icfs than 51000! 
ilcrling. Every (hilling of the money 
I colIc6)ed was expended for th'e fer- 
vice of the crown ; and the accounts 
of receipts and dilburfcmenis were an- 
nually lent to the treafury board.— 
After the elapfc of fo many years. 
fve Englifli traders* importers of 
French brandy and New-Encland rum 
into Quebec, not contented with the 
high price they had impofed upon the 
poor Canadians the con Turners, brought 
anions irt the month of January laft 
againft me, for fums received of them 
by the different officers, under a pre- 
tence that the whole of the duties 
^ere illegal, and infifting that the 
whole therefore ought to be refunded 
by me. The money, as I have ob- 
fervcd, having been accounted for to 
the treafury, the officers of the crown 
took the direction in defending tbefe 
anions 3 and they thought it advife- 
able that the fum leviea as an excefs 
on rum, beyond the old duty, ihould 
be paid into court. This was oppofed 
by the plaintiffs, who infifled on a 
right to the whole. 

Tht aflions were tried bjf a fpecial 
^Ury, when the exiftence of the French 
duties, as above ftated, was clearly 
proved by the original cuftom-houfe 
books 5 and the plaintiff's council, 
without further arguing the point, 
confented to take a verdi6t merely 
for the excefs* on rum, which was 
agreed to on. behalf of the crown ; 
and notwithdanding it appeared that 
the plaintiffs had paid Icfs than the 
^Id duties on brandy and eau de vie 
de liqtieur, yet from the lenity of the 
frown that was not infilled upon, al- 
though It wonld have reduced the 
claims of the plaintiffs to a mere trifle. 
J A. Murray. 
Portman- Square, Feb. 29, 176S. 

7>e AS? fir fh^iiing the Duration of tbe 
Irifli Parliaments. * 

WHEREAS a limitation of the 
duration of parliaments may 
ttnd to ftl'cngthen the harftiony and 



good agreement fubfifliijg- between his 
majelly and his people of Ireland, and 
n^ay be produ(flive of other effefts to 
bis majefly's fubjedls there. 

We, your majefty's moft dutiful 
and loyal fubje6)^s, the commons of 
Ireland, in parliament alTembled, do 
moft humbly befeech your majefiy, 
that it may be declaied and enabled 
\ii this prefent parliament j 

And be it declared and enabled by 
the king^s moft excellent majefly, by 
and with the advice and confent of 
the lords fpiritual and temporal and 
commons in this prefent parliament 
affembled, and by the authority of the 
fame, that from henceforth, no par- 
liament which (h»II at any time here- 
after be called, affembled, or held, 
(hall have any longer continuance than 
for eight years, to be accounted from 
the day on which by the writs of 
fummons the faid parliament (ball be 
appointed lo meet. 

And be it further enabled, by the 
authority aforefaid, that this prefent 
parliament (hall ceafe and determine 
on the 24.th of June, which fljall be 
in the year of our Lord one thoufand 
("even hundred and fixty-eight, unlcfs 
his majefty (hall think fitfooner-to dif- 
folve the fkme. 

An Account ^Zenobia a Nrw 'fragedy^ 
perfirmid at Drury-lane Theatre. 



Pharafmanes, 

Teribaces, 

Rhadamiftus, 

Mcgiftus, 

Tigranes, 

Zopiron, 

Zenobia, 

Zelmira, 



Mr. Aichin. 
Mr. Holland. 
Mr, Barry: 
Mr. Harvard. 
Mr. Hurji, 
Mr. Packer. 
Mrs. Dancer. 
Mrs. Barry. 



PIIARASMANES, having mur^ 
dcred his brother, and ufurp«;^l 
tbe crown of Iberia, carried his arms 
againft Mithridates king of Armenia, 
notwithftanding his fun Rhadaniiltua 
was married to'Zcnobia, only daugU, 
tcr of Mithridales, and was dccbrc*.1 
his fucccffor. Tlie victorious Pbara C 
manes quickly overrun Armenia, cm 
off the benefa^or of his fon, ar**^ 
having in a pitched battle overcort^< 
the utmoft force of Armenia, Rhacl,^. 
miflus, to avoid falling into his father" 
hands, was about to Itab bimfelf ^ U\i 
Zenobia, entreating to perifh w|t| 
him, he clafped her in bis arms, am 

juniper 



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ij68. 



Story op Zenobia^ 



J4I 



iiunpf d into, the Araxet, on the banks 
cf which the battle was fought. Nei- 
thtroF them however periAied i Zc- 
r.obia was preferved by the care of 
Megiftas, who found means to con- 
vey her fafe to a retreat among the 
aoontains, where ihe was delivered of 
a Ion ; and Jived for fevon years as the 
(fau^bter of M^iHus under the name 
of Ariana. 

In the mean time Rhadami(hi$ hav- 
ing besn taken up and rellored to life 
by a band of Romansi concealed his 
quality, and retired with them to 
Rome, where in the fenate he difco- 
Ttred bimfelf, declared his wrongs, 
aod entreated the Roman aid to reco- 
ver bis kingdom. The confcript fa- 
tben, convinced of the juftice of his 
cbim, embrace his caufe* and fend a 
{towerfnl army to reinftate him in 
Armenia: This creating new com- 
motions in that country, a party of 
Pharafmanes' troops arrive at the re- 
treat of Zenobia, ftill known only by 
the name of Ariana, and carry her off 
to the royal camp, where her charms 
captivate both the king and his fon 
Teribaces. 

The play now opens ; the Romans 
hiring advanced into Armenia, the 
king drew together his forces, march- 
ed againil them, and a battle is 
bourly expelled. Tigranes, a^eneral 
officer, enters with forae pnfoners, 
vbo having been taken in attempting 
to leave the camp, the king had or- 
dered them to be impaled. Amongft 
tbeie Zenohia difcovers Megiilus, 
who recognizes her, at the fame time, 
as his daughter Ariana. Teribaces 
entering, Zenobia begs the life of 
Mfgiitiis, who, on his own authority, 
orders him to be fet at liberty. He 
then avows his paflion to Zenobia, 
and entreats her favour, (he acknow- 
ledges an eAeem^ but rejects his fuit, 
and te^s him, fate haih placed an 
eternal bar between them. The Ro- 
mans, having delired to enter into 
treaty, the king confcnts, and pre- 
pares to receive the Roman envoy. 
Tigranes having informed the king, 
that by command of the prince, the 
prilooers, wtre fpared, Pharafmanes 
reprimands his Ton, but on the inter- 
ctdlon of Zenobia, confirms their par- 
don. F'laminius, theambafTadorirom 
I'ae Roman camp, arrives, and is re- 
ceived by Zopiron, an Armenian ge- 



neral, who appearing ftrongly Attach- 
ed to Rhadamiftus and Zenobia, the • 
envoy difcovers himfelf to be Rhada- 
miftus} be expreiTes the heavieii grief 
at the thought, of having defiroyed 
his wife, and as great concern at 4ie- 
ing obliged to bear arras again ft his 
father and brother, whom he had ne- 
ver feen. 

Pharafmanes receives the fuppofed 
Roman in flate, and Rhadamiftus, 
taking the advantage of the charadler 
he appeared in, endeavours to move 
the heart of his father, by reprefent- 
ing the cruelty of his behaviour ; 
Pharafmanes, in a ra^e breaks up the. 
conference, and oroers the envoy to 
quit his camp immediately : On frefh 
application from Rhadamiitus, he 
l^rants him another audience in private^ 
in which he declares he is affured 
that RhadamiHus is in the Roman 
camp, and if the Romans wifh te 
treat effectually with him, it muft be 
by the man who brings the head of 
his fon. 

Zenobia, in an interview with Me- 
giftus, enquires with much maternal 
loilicitude, after her child; be informs 
her that he was lodged in a place of 
fafety. Zenobia exprefling her wifhes 
to efcape from the power of the tyrant, 
to her fon's retceat, Megiftus propo- 
fc9 her going off in the train of the 
Roman envoy. Teribaces, alarmed 
at his father's paffion for his miftrefs, 
applies to Rhadamiitus to carry her 
off on tiis return to the Roman camp, 
that (he may be out of bis father's 
power. The fuppofed Flaminius pro- 
mifing to comply with his wiOies, 
Teribaces retires; and Zenobia at- 
tended by Megiftus enters. The in- 
terview is mod affecting; each having 
fuppofed the other no more, are in 
raptures at Co unexpe^ed a meeting, 
and when Rhadamiflus exclaims with 
almoft unutterable tranfport, ** I have 
not murdered her," tvtry feeling 
heart takes a part in his joy. 

Teribaces cautions his friend to be« 
ware of the charms of the lady he en- 
truffs to his protection , and on Rha« 
damiftus betraying fome confufion, 
conjures him, if he doubts his own 
.fteadinefs, not to undertake the charge. 
Rhadamiftus fearing to come to an 
explanation with hir brother, refents 
this fufpicion : Teribaces apologizes 
for his diftruft, and refolves to put her 



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T42 



D E E P D I S T R E S S. 



March, 



into hit hands. In the mean time 
Sonobift Ivating rejeAed with difilkift 
the tyrant'* profitrcd hand, in an ap- ■ 
pHcation by Tigranet, Pharafmanfet 
dtTermtnet to apply to Megi fins whom 
he foppo^d h«r father, imagining the 
oflfer of his daughter's (hairing the 
throne, ^ould dazzle the poor old 
man : Mcgillus appeara very little af- 
fe^ed by the fplendor of fuch an offer, ' 
and plaihiy tdU the king that Ariana 
is married to another, and bei* defpair 
ia oeeafioned by their ftparation $ 
Pharafmanes retires in ara^e, thneaten- 
in|; both Megiftus and hit fuppofed 
duvgbter, if (he perfifts in refufin^ his 

Teribacet nrging his fait to Zeno- 
bia, (he repeats her refufhl, and on 
his continued importunity, dechres 
herielf the wife of Flamrniusj Tcrr- 
baces aftonifhed and enraged, brealds 
CM into the maft paffionate tnve£lives 
againfthU rivaf, who entering, ftriTea 
in vain to pacify him. He retires, 
denouncing vengeance agamft the fup- 
pofed Flaminius. Megittus jqinS Rha-- 
damiitus and Zenohia, and they agree 
to retire to the Koman canrp imme- 
diately. Pharafmanes imputing the 
^oynefs of Zenobia to her preponcflJon 
lor Tcribaces, fends for htm, and be- 
ainning-to reprimand his prefumption 
m rivaling his father, the prince de- 
clares his paiTion at an end, and tkat 
ambition hath taken the place of it, 
alfuring his father that he would give 
him convincing proofs of it, in the ex- 
pe£^cd engagement with the Romans. 
An officer enters with an account that 
Flamintus hath fet out for the Roman 
camp, and hath taken with him Me- 
giflus and Ariana. Teribaces imme- 
diately entreats his father to let hinr 
poi'fiie them, to which the king 
agrees, and he goes off for that pur- 
pose, denouncing vengeance agaiaft 
Plamimus. 

NotwithftandVng the fugitives had 
the Hart of Teribaces, they were 
quickly overtaken by him : and re- 
jwing the earneft rcqueft of Rhada- 
aniftus for a momentary private con-' 
vtrfation, he brings them back to his* 
father in chains. Pharafmanes re- 
proaching the (uppofcd Ariana, flf» 
acknowledges Flaminius a-s her huf- 
band ; he alfo feeJcs prote^ion from 
the chara^er he appears in, and de- 
VOilAced, the Reman vengeance >f 



their Ambaflador was not immediately 
fet at large. The king defpifing the 
menace,- orders htm to be dragged to 
the torture 5 the guards tear him frona 
the embraces of ^Tenobia, and bear 
him away. The king retires : and 
Zenohia, left to herfelf, finks under 
the agonies of her hufband*s appre-^ 
bended fate. Teribaces entering, at* ' 
tempts to raife her; ihe rej^roachea' 
him as the foui^e of her prefcnt cala- 
mity, and overwhelms him with hor- 
ror and grief, by acquainting hini 
i#ho Oie is, and that he hath gWen 
Up his own brother to* deftruoion. 
On his retiring (he declares (he is in- 
fpired with the only method to fave 
her hufband from death, and to pre- 
ferve her child a parent. Teribaces,^ 
eager to fave his brother, refcucrf him' 
from the hands of the officers of death, 
and declares to hihi, that rather than 
be (hall fnffer, he will himfelf plunge 
a daggh- in his father's brean, and 
ertd his life and tyranny together*. 
An order is brought to Tigrancs to. 
fuf))end the execution of Flaminius,' 
in the name of both the king and 
queen 5 and 5Jopifon fnfornis him that' 
Ariana,. to. fave the life of her former 
hu(band, had confentcd to give herr 
hand to the king, and that the mar- 
riage rite* hid been ad^uaily celebrat- 
ed. The fcene draws and difcovcrs 
Pharafmanes and Zenohia, at the aU' 
tar, the cup (landing on itj in which,' 
according to the cufTom of the coun- 
try, they had pledged each other. 
Zenobia entreats the kihg to difmifa. 
the Roman and begs (he may be al- 
lowed an interview with him before 
he goes. Pharafmanes is much dif- 
pleafed with this reque(l, vtWxch he 
atterly rejefls ; and on her pcifirting^ 
in it, declares that the man who it 
i^ poifeilioti of her affe6tion$ (liall' 
not live, and that he will have him im- 
mediately executed. As he is about to 
go off for that purpofe, he feels him- 
ielf en a fudden attacked by the 
hjoif excruciating tortures unable evtn 
to- Hand. Zenobia then declarea that 
Are da/hed the nuptial cup with poifon^ 
tells him who (he is, and that the 
fuppofed Flaminius is his injured fon 
Khadamiflus, whom (he orders the 
oflRcers attending immediately 10 
proclaim King. The tyrant ex- 
pires in agonies, and Zenobia -con- 
gratulates herfelf on having becnl 



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1755. 



Reftelfion? on Lofs of Memory. 



^ inftniment oiF fcvcnuincr her fa- return i or if it (hould, it 
iher*! death, /feribaces and Khada- 
ouftus enter, and rejoice to fee Zc- 
nobia iaSt : She receives their congra- 
nihiions, but fliews them the borfy of 
tlicir father as an allay to their pre(ent 
joy; and aflcs her huiband if he can 
fbrgire her the death of his father. 
The princes both exprefs a fliitable re- 
gret for Pharafmanes ? but Rhadamif- 
tus affures Z^nohia, that coqfidering 
what Hie had fuifercd by his ijiieans he 
caanot reproach herj (he expreilcs 
ber joy at his for^ivenefs, as (he al- 
ready feels the poifon, which ihe was 
obli^d to partake of, at her heart ; 
their joy is now no more ; the melt 
pMgnant anguiOi takes place ; Zenobia 
fics, exprewng the moft pcrfefl affec- 
tioR for Rbadamiftus, and recommend- 
ing (with the moll a(fe6ling maternal 
tendeme(s) their child to his care. 
Rbadamiftus (inks at her feet, over- 
powered with grief; and the piece 
concludes with reflections on the evils 
attending an unlimited ambition. 

Mori of Orrtry, to De^ne Swiftj E/qi 
S I R«^ Marfton, Dec. 4, 1742. 

I Am much obliged to you for the 
full, though melancholy, account 
70Q have fent me of my ever honoured 
friend *. It as the more melancholy to 
ne, as I have heard him often lament 
the particular misfortune incident to 
haman nature, of an utter deprivation 
•f fen/es many years before a depriva- 
tjou of life. I have heard him de- 
fcribe perfons in that condition, with 
a livelinefs and a horror, that on this 
lateoccafion have recalled to me his 
very words, ©ur litany, methinks, 
ftiOQld have an addition of a particular 
prayer againll this mod dreadful mis- 
fortune. I am fure mine (hall. The 
bite of a mad dog (a molt tremendous 
evil) ea6B Coon in death $ but the ef- 
feds of his Ufs of memory may laft 
eveo to the loug^ll age of man ; tnere- 
fiore I own my friend (liip for him has 
now changed my thoughts and wiflies 
iato the very rcverfe of what they 
were. J rejoice to hear he^rows lean. 
I am for^ to bear his appetue is good. 
I was ^ad when there feemed an ap- 
proaching mortification in his eye-lid. 
Is one word, the man I wi(hed to 
lire the longed, I wi(h the foonelt 
(iead. Jt is the only bleOing that can 
now bcfil him. His rcalln will never 



U3 

ill only 
be to (hew him the raifhy of having 
loft it; I atm un patient for his going 
where imperfedion ceafes, and where 
perfe^ion begins ; where WiUbns can- 
not break in and fteal, and where 
envy, hatred, and malice hsvc uo in- 
fluence or power. Whilft he conti- 
nuss to breathe, he is an example, 
ftronger and more piercing tbaa he or 
any other divine could preach, agaipft 
pride, conceit, and vain glory. Good 
God ! Doftor Swift beaten and mark- 
ed with (Iripes by a head in human 
fhape, one Wilfon. But he is nqt 
only an example againit prefumption 
and haughtinefs, but in reality aa 
incitement to marriage. Men in years 
ought always to fecure a friend totaled 
care of declining life, and watch nar- 
rowly as they fall the laft minute par- 
ticles of the hoUr glafs. A batchelor 
will feldom find, among all his kin- 
dred, fo ttue a nurfe, (o faithful a 
fi iend, fo difmterefted a companion^ 
as one tied to him by the double 
chain ofdptyand aife^lion. A wife 
could not be banifhed frdm his cham- 
ber, or his unhappy hours of retire- 
ment : nor had the Dean felt a blow, 
or wanted a companion, had he been 
married, or in other words, had StelUi 
lived. All that a friend could do, 
has been done by Mrs. Whitcway j 
all that a companion could perfuade, 
has been attempted by Mrs. Ridgcway: 

the red but I (hall run on for 

ever ; and I fet out at firft only with 
an intention of thanking you for your 
fctter, and alTuring you that I am. 
Sir, your molt obedient humble Ctr- 
vant, OrRERI, 

P. S. I beg to hear from you from 
time to time, if any. new occurrence 
happens in the Dean''s unhappy ftate. 



To the AUTHOR of the LONDON 

MAGAZINE. 
On A. BV Letter to the Author of the 
Confe(rioBal, in Lond. Mag. for Fe- 
bruary. 
SIR, 

IN the page of an ancient record, 
we have a pifVure drawn of the in- 
defatigable labours of the envious fpi- 
rit. Who, when the oracle demands 
whence he came ? replies. From going 
to and from the earth, and from lualking 
up anddo^vn in it. And when Milton, 
in his fpeech to Cnaos and ancient 

Night, 
Dean Sivift, 



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144 

Nigbtt gives the end of hit adventu- 
rous flighty he thus relates^ 

To your behoof, if I that region loft, 
AU ufurpation thence expeU*d, reduce 
To her original darknefs and your fway 
(Which is my prefent journey) and once 

more 
Ere6l the ftandard there of ancientNighf\ 
Yours be th*advantage all, mine the re- 
venge. 

Whatever cenfures may pafs upon me, 
I could not but imagme fome limili- 
tude between this fpirit, aud that 
ivhich has malignantly marked out the 
ConfeiTional, in much the fame man- 
ner, and to much the fame end, that 

Satan marked out Job. — vf Letter 

to the Author of a ff^ork, int'tti^d the Con- 
fej/ionalf in your valuable Magazine 
for February, has led me to luch a 
combination of ideas. In that letter^, 
the author would fallen his criticifing 
accufations upon the author of the 
Confcflional \ becaufe he had faid, 



Befenct ^//A#ConfcffionaI. 



March 



felvest Y^hether y»a be qualified for 
fuch an undertakine i in order nierete 
It may not be amil? to examine how 
accurate your writings arc,"— — Ltt 
me aflc Mr. A. B. how an,d to whoq|i 
I may apply the term, civil ? 

to proceed— in your examination 
ycJu begin with his faying, «• When 
this was written I did not know of Dr. 
MacdonePs anfwcr to the App-al, and 
much lefs of the appellant's replica- 
tion. On which A. B. fays, " it \\ 
to me inconceivable, how you can 
know mucli lefs of one thing than 
of another of which yoi; know no- 
thing.'*. A very idle fillv quibWlc j 
and what mud render A. B. cxtreme- 
jy contemptible in the minds of all un- 
prejudiced readers, of any ingenuity. 
The ignorant man does not /efin to 
know, that the Confcflional pieant hy 
the word, less, not fo tnuch\ oppofed 
to man. The heft writers are wont 
thus td exprefs thcmfelves And even 
in this very ienfe have our bible- tranf- 



** An Appeal to the common Senfe of lators rendtred the Hebrew text, fqr 



all Chriftian People, &c. had paflcd 
through two editions unanfwcred, 
when Dr. MacdonePs anfwer, and the 
appellant^s replication were unknown 

to him." Our letter-writer, whofe 

lignature is A. B. and by which I (hall 
hereafter cite him, can tell of a more 
[effectual anfwer* in th» Lond, Mag. 
To what does all this amount ? It has 
no (ignificance, but that of his fliew- 
ing a warm zeal for the Athanafian 
myftcry. At the fame time, when 
the matter is examined by the ftan- 
dard of reafon and truth, that appeal 
'has yet had no anfwer : If by the 
term, anfiver^ we mean confutation. 
And we may be very confident it ne- 
ver will. 

But fays A. B. " as every human 
work it lure to bear fignatures of hu- 
^manity, it would be foolifli to think 
«ur Liturgy abfolutely perfect j it is, 
•robablc, in many parts inaccurate 
DOth in fentiment and exprefllon, and 
glad (hould I be if thefe inaccuracies 
were removed : But the queltion is, 
jwho Ihall remove them ?''— This is 
fome fort of conccffion.— With what 
>cnd does he put the queftion ?— that he 



thus Abimelech anfwers Saul, i Sarri, 
xxii. ^S'for^i/fj /errant kae<w no- 
thing of all ibtSy lefs or more. And 
when Abigail found her hufbaad 
drunk, fbe told him nothing ^ lefs or fnore^ 
until the rooming light. Nay, I will m- 
inform A. B that fo far from its b^- 
ing fo inconceivable to a man of uil- 
derftranding, that any one (hbuld be 
faid lo know much lefs of one thing 
than of another, of which he knows 
nothing; that the term, nothing, Is 
no bar at all to the ufe of the term, 
lefs. See If. xl. 17. where all the na- 
tions are faid to (je accounted lefs than 
nothing and vanity. 

I would advife A. B. to be a little 
better acquainted with the ufe of lan- 
guagp^ before^ he prefumes to put on 
the haughty airs of a Cevtrc critic. Jt 
certainly was very properly cxprcflcd, 
when the author of the Confedionil 
faid, as he did nqt know at all of 
MacJonePs anfwer, much lefs did he 
of the reply to that anfwer. 

Another difqualifying mark is pro- 
duced, — " Let the difquifitors anfwer 
for thcmfelves, and their own views 
and principles j but do not prejudge 



may pour contempt on the author of them beforehand." This A. B. fays. 



the Confcflional, for he adds, " yon, 
^ood fir, are, I know, ready to offer 
your fertrice 5 but before we trouble 
)tu, it will be civil t« iiiform cur- 



** feemeth to me as good fenfe and 
EngliOi, as if you fliould fay to'a man, 
do not precede me hefore me." I will 
not deny, but that here is an inaccu- 

rac^ 5 



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i>68b- - ' The Frerxb far from bting polite: 



racy; for as much as to prfjudge^ is, 
t0'd«tennine beforehatid : It h to be 
loohaftj tn forming a judgment, even 
before a due examination has been 
made. An inadvertency of whith a 
B«ch more able pen than that pf 
A. B*s might have been xuilty. 
Bat I bad overlooked another mirk 
of inability found in the author of 
the Confeflional, for he tells us, that 
** the common people are not much 
effeaded at the doctrines of the Trt- 
nty, and that fiew of them form any 
idns about them/* This is the man* 

ner he is cited by A. B. ^Whereas 

the words of the Confeflional, p. 358. 
are, " They (the difquifitars) have 
1^ before you a great many particu- 
krf, which perhaps give more open 
laai hmmediate oflPence to the common 
people, than the dc^rines of the TW* 
mtf\ about which I am apt to think^ 
few of them form any ideas/'— What 

is A. W% remark ? *• This, fir, 

\9fAi% fomethin|^ like a contradi^ion ) 
it being incredible, that the common 
people fliouM diflike what does not 
offend them ; or that they fhould ex- 
prefs their furprize at doarines about 
which they do ndt form any ideas/* 
->Some ijgns of ftupidity or of fome- 
thing much worfe here will open up- 
on us. The words of the Confcffional, 
are, •* That they, (fpeaking of the 
difquiikors} have laid before you a 
great many particulars, which perhaps 
give more open and immediate offence 
to the common people, than the doc- 
trines -of the Trinity j about which, 
I am apt to think, few of them form 
any ideas/* — What, in the name of 
truth, is there in this, that either 
k>oks like a contradiAion j or admits 
of incredibility ? is it not very coniift- 
ent, to fuppofe the common people 
oiigbt take more open and' immediate 
eimce at fome particulars laid before 
them by tbe^ difquifitors, than what 
^y take at the doctrines of the Tri- 
nity, about which they do not form 
aay ideas > Who, but a writer of a 
very bad mind; would have made the 
Omfeflional fay, *< That the common 
people are not much offended at the 
dodriflcs of the Trinity, and that 
fsw of them form any ideas aboot 

tlKm.** if capable of convidtion, 

bliifti,and fill with confufion 1 
^ -^or ihame, let A. B. never dare to 
iifolt the ConfcfHonal; or fnceringly 
tott hun, bu fault lies in thinking too 
March J 176 s, 



highly of himfitf Nor let him be 

forr/, or pretend to lament his groft 
miftakes j or once prefume to fay, that 
the pen of the Confeflional can ba*ve 
MO Other effeS tvitb men of judgment than 
to exciti a yi«i^.^— Ill-minded, abufive 
man, look again over thine own infa- 
mous letter ; repent, fin no more, left 
a nmch heavier rebuke, even than this^ 
does foon fall upon thee. 

Mi80-Basicahos« 



To the 
S I R, 



P R I N T J& R, STr. 



I Have three things to touch upon in 
this letter, which, though a kind 
of Rbaf)fody may perhaps oe as ad- 
mifBblein your piper, as if divided in* 
to diftindl letters. By rbapfody^ I mkan 
but to give fome gentle raps upon'the 
knuckles to fome, if youUl admit the 
pun, as well as the letter. 

I am more and more convinced, by, 
what I had feen of the French here, 
and what I faw of them lafl furamep 
in France, that with the pretences 
they make to all the politenefs in the 
world, they have the leafl of it, in 
reality, in the world j and that a 
Frenchman's politenefs is often but 
a cloak for his petulance and ill 
manners. A Frenchman thinks he 
may fay the faucieft thing, afk the 
moft free and impertinently curious 
(]ueftion, or do even a rude thing, 
if he does but fay, as a prelude or 
introduction to it, Je 'vous demands 
mille pardons. This, I found was an 
obfervation alfo made by feveral fo- 
reigners of rank and diflin6lion there. 
But true politenefs does not confillrin 
making the fineft bows or compli- 
ments, or fuch apologies for rudenefs 
(in order to commit it) or in merA 
grimace j— but in not faying or do- 
ing any rudely free or oflenfively im- 
pertinent thing, that ftands in need of 
any fuch apology or pardon. This to « 
tal want of real politenefs in the na « 
tion, which fcts itfelf up as the ftaa / 
dard, as the profefTor and only pro-^ 
feflbr of it, joined to a moft infuffe- 
rable j>rt^e, vanity, arrogant conceit 
of fupeoority of talents of all kinds^ 
both, ok mind and body, conftitute 
the true chara6ler of that vain, Hgbt, 
airy, frivolous people }-*~-whom we 
fliall, in time (I hope) make humbler » 
and had (I hoped) already tbrelbed 
into a little better manners^ Nuw for 
another rap. 
T .McrhiAks . 



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I4<? Raps upon the Knuckles. 

Methinks all the world is npw, 
indeed, nothing but aflTe^tation. You 
{hall hear a lady complaining Co pathe- 
tically o£ the leaft matter in the 
worlds in fi conveifation (he had been 
ai indelicate $ yet can, with all her 



Marcli 



Hit , , , 

amazing delicacy, read T— $- 
ai^d can^o to, and can bear to fit out, 
the moft lufcious, moft grofsly indeli- 
cate (a too delicate, term indeeed here 
perhaps) of Wycherly's, Behn's, or 
Congrcve'f plays. Is: it eufto'm^* or 
£pi(hion, or the habitual hearing of 
them fo often, pr what is if, that 
feems to have worn ofF the edge or 
effeft of fuch things? — One would 
think the latter, fmce theatrical peo- 
ple too, with aJl their nice affe6led 
delicacy, of not admitting the lead 
indelicate allusion in any modern 
piece, yet go on a£ling thofe that are 
themoftlukiouHy fo amongil the old 
ones, as if people didtnot feel the Si- 
mulations of the old ones any more ; 
but thii is only to fill the houfe the 
better, I fnppoi^; for intcreft will 
make them deviate from their text, 
and the principles they throw out, as 
well as other people. 
. The third thing I would fay, is a 
caution to our people of quality, &c, 
who are fo often idiy altering their 
jewels, that that tii^y be not deceived 
by foreigners who deal that way.-— ^ 
Every one knows how well French 
pafte refembles diamonds, rubies, eme- 
lalds, faphires, topazes, &c. nay, fo 
as as not to be diftiuguiftied eaflly by 
candle light from the real gems they 
imitate; except by the even fuperior 
luftre they have to real ones. Now, 
I overheard people lately talking much 
in France amongft themfelves, wh^t 
l^ood fortunes fome of them had rai- 
led amongft us in that way % and that 
when necklaces, ear-rings, &c. were 
given to them to new fet, and even to 
clean, it was eafy to take out fome of 
the beft real ftones, and replace them 
(with fuch infinity art) with what ap- 
peared better by night, and almofl io 
well by day as not to be known 
when mixed together amongft others, 
but by connoifteurs. I knew indeed 
a man once, who made a great and 
vaft fortune (I fear this, and fuch 
ways, by the rapidity of it) who 
went over afterwards to France, to 
Cpend amongft his countrymen above 
7o>oool. he had thus or otberwife 
5 



duped the niilprds an^ Myhdies Am-^ 
gloiffs of} fo that I don't wonder at 
fo many foreigners almoft always ftick* 
ing to that branch of trade, prefera« 
biy to any other : And you feldom fee 
them apply to any laborious bufinefa 
as mechanicsi as joiners, carpenters, 
ihiiths, &c. for which they are always 
too fine gentlemen. 

I remember once, vi/iting a lady of 
great quality, who employed the mail 
I fpcak of, and I took the liber* 
ty give her fome cautions of this kind. 
— " Phoo (faid (he) do you think a 
man who keeps his carriage, and haa 
fuch "great hufmcfs, would run the 
rifque of his chara6lcr by doing fuch 
things ?** — Though I perceived {be 
looked upon me much in the fame 
light as if fhc had faid /bu inftcad of 
phoo J jet, to this lad)'s-logic I repli- 
ed, « But fome rifque moft be 

run. Madam, to make a fortune : 
How many of all nations would run * 
the rifque of every thing to make one ? 
And fome of thclepeopU couU never 
make fuch rapid and very great onc» 
amongft us, if they did hot do fuch 
things. And rifque run for rifque, 
it is only running away to their own 
country, if detected by great chance, 
before they have made up quite the 
fortune they want." However, even 
tbatmade, lobferved, no impre/Fion up. 
on her then. Yet I was perfuaded they 
got fo much, that that man had no 
need his prince (hould pay him any 
thing, for being a* fpy upon us i if 
he was fo, which was not without fome 
fpfpicion. I am, fvct 

Yqi$r conftant reader, 

OCULISTA. 

A brief Account of Cornhill Ward. fS^e 
tbi Flan, p, 64.) 

CORNHILL Ward, is fo called from 
Combill, its principal ftreet, lb 
denominated from the Corn-market, 
kept there in ancient times, (t \% 
bounded Eaftward, by Bifhopfgate 
ward, Weftwaixl, by Cheap ward. 
Northward, by Broadftreet ward, and 
Southward by Langborn ward. lea 
extent is but fmal), and its ftreets^ 
courts, allies, &c. may be feen in the 
plan. There are two pariOi churches 
in this ward, viz, St. Michacrs, and 
St. Peter^s, and the principal publiclc 
building is, the Royal Exchan^^ 
buih in S566, by Sir Tliomas Grefham*. 

httiar 



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burnt down In i665t and rebuilt as it 
appears/ Of the churches. 

I. St. MichaePsy Cornhilly is a rec- 
tory, in the patronage of the drapers 
company* value to the rc^^or, about 
ixol. per ann. The church was burnt 
down in the great fire of 1666, and>af* 
terwards beautifully rebuilt. Vcftry 
general ; three churchwardens, liz 
fcooies i augmentation to the parifli 
of St. Giles, Cripplegate lol. per ann. 
%, St. Peter's, Cornhill, is a rectory, 
ia the patronage of the lord mayor 
and commonalty of London. The 
chore h being deftroyed in the fire of 
London, was handfbmely rebuilt. Va- 
lue to the re£lor about 240I. per anh. 
Vcftry feleft, of 40 members) two 
churchwardens, two overfecrs of the 
poor I 100 hoafes ; augmentation to 
' the parim of St. Botolph, Biihopfgate 
loJ. per ann. This ward is governed 
by an alderman, bis deputy, and five 
other common-council men, fourcon- 
ftables, four fcavengers, fixteen ward- 
mote inqueft men, and one beadle. 
The watdi every night, confifts of a 
conftable, beadle, and fixteen watch- 
men. The jury retxirncd by the 
wardmote inqueft, are to ferve as ju- 
rors, in the feveral courts of Guildhall, 
ill the month of January. 

The prcfent aJderman is Brackley 
KcQnet, Efq; his deputy, Mr. Francis 
£ihs ; the other common- council men, 
MelT. James Walton, Thomas Cogan, 
William Dawlon, William Sbencon, 
and Henry Parker. 

ro the AUTHOR of tht LONDON 
MAGAZINE. 
S 1 R, February 26, 1768. 

YO IT R inferting the following 
account, Which I have fent you, 
in your next month's Magazine, will 
probably be entertaining to your 
resteers, and be a means of fome per- 
lbn*s making farther and nic^r obfer- 
▼ations as to the infect itfelf, to which 
it relates. Speculator. 

An AccouMt if thi MoLB Bse. 
VT or WITHSTANDING the numc- 



Account of tie MoU'Bei. 147 

have of late years been made in na« 
tural hiftory ; yet fuch is the boUndlcfs 
extent, and diverfity of objeifts there- 
in, that it is no wonder that there are 
daily a great nuinber of very curious 
appearances, and which will continue 
to the end of the world, to ftrike otir 
view, and engage our attention ; 
which at pfefent neverthelcfs have 
been paiTed by hitherto unnoticed. 
One of thofc, which I fhalF now de- 
fcribe, is an infe6t, which from iu 
particular properties may well be dif- 
tinguiihed from other beet, by the 
name of the mole bee— the colour 
and appearance of thi* curious little 
creature diilers nothing from that, of 
the honey making bee \ but the body 
is longer and more flender— the ex- 
tremities of the fore legs are much like 
the Grylla Talpas, or Mole'Cricketts, 
which enables it to work in the man- 
ner it docs, its chief employment 
when it makes its appearance, being 
to dig into the earth, and there fortu 
fubterraneous pafiages, and the mah- 
ner as well as the quicknefs with 
which it does this I haVe niyfelf oftftn 
obfervcd with pleafiire. It lights, 
where it chufes Upon the • turf, and 
beginning to work with its fore feet 
throws up a little hillock, of thebigneft 
of a nutmeg, like a mole hill, and in 
a moment almoft, thofe infects are hid 
from your fight. It is moreover ftr 
markable alio that each of thofe beet 
works himfelf into one hole, and 
comes out at another aboVit half an 
inch diftant. Tht time Of their ap- 
peering is ifi the firft warm weather 
in May, and they always vanifh iipOn 
the cominp^ on of the cold weather in 
autumn ; indeed in the very mid II of 
fummer, if it happens to be cold or 
rainy, they conftantly confine' theiti- 
felves to their underground manfions. 
They are very riumcrbus, multiply 
very faft, and have rto ftings. I coUld 
neVer difcover what it wis they liv^^d 
upon, as I never (b much as once 
fawthem pitch upon any kind of plant, 
or flower— what becomes of them in 
the winter I know not ; but it fechis 
rous and various inquiries which probable, that they then (belter them- 

• The turf of the Jlppes^ and tAJolhs in Mr. HintofCs garden at Hay is ^ (^uuMeb 
indeed is tbe only place nvbere I e*ver faao any of tkem,)' ivas fo far fioiled by tbe 
gnat number of boles they made and tbe bilhcks tbey tbreiuup^ tbat 'tbe garden teas 
new turfed : and a perjon <would bave imagined^ that upon taking up tbi old turf^ 



fioti of their eggs or nefis would barve been found, but tbey were not, 

T 



felvet 



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I4S 



LIFE OF 



March 



felveft iii tbe cavities* or among the 
roots of fome trees adjoining to tbe 
places, where tbcy are fccn in the 
fuininer— when tkcy arc not at work 
in digging, they amufe thcmfelves 
with an aerial dance about a foot above 
the furface of the earth. 

^bt Life of Pope ^'ixtniy. toutinuedfrom 
our laji Volume^ p. 678. 

POPE Gregory died in April 
X585, and his death produced, as 
ufua), dreadful difordersand raifchiefs 
in the Eccleiiaftical ftate and in Rome 
jtfelf, where murder, rapine, and every 
vice ftalked with unbridled licence 
^urin^ the vacancy of the papal throne. 

*« During the ten days, that the fu- 
neral ceremonies of the ^deceafed pope 
lafted, they that had any pretenfions 
to the papacy, were carryinia; on their 
fchemes and intrigues, running about 
to fol licit the AifFrages and intereft of 
their friends ; whilft Montalto did not 
feem to give himfelf the leaft trouble 
or concern. He took fo uncommon a 
road to it, that no body fufpedled he 
had any defigns at all of that kind. 
Some of the cardinals, out of con- 
tempt ufed to call him, the afs of la 
Marca (which he pretended not to hear, 
or take notice of) looking upon his fa- 
culties and intelle^s as entirely gone ; 
and others feeing him bent down with 
difeafe and old agr, did not in the leaft 
dream of his ever being elected. Hut 
we muft take notice, by the by, that 
he was the youngefl of all thofe that 
afpired to the pontificate; and though 
he often ufed to fay, << that an old 
fellow, ot threefcore and ten, was fit 
for nothing in the world,'' it is cer- 
tain h; was, at that time, but in his 
64th year. 

Indeed, hardly any one could have 
imagined, that the cardinals would 
turn their eyes upon a pcrfon that 
could fcarcely (land upon his legs, 
whom they thought little better than 
a dotard and a driveller ; as the go- 
vernment of the Holy See requires a 
man of found and ftrong faculties, 
both of body and mind. Yet it was 
to thefe very failings, that Montalto 
owed his exaltation. 

His proceedings were dark and fe- 
cret 3 he alone, if we may ufe the ex- 
preiTion, lay at anchor, when all the 
other candicjates were under full fail. 
Taking a quite different courfc fropi 



them in all refpc6^s ; he fpoke ircll q€ 
every body, and feemed to have a vexy 
low and mean opinion of himfelf. 

Amongft other viiits that be made 
before they entered the conclave^ be 
went to Cardinal Farnefe, who wa^ at 
the head of a very potent fa^ion^ 
though he knew he could hardly besur 
to fee him, with any fort of patience^ 
and told him, *' He thought it his du- 
ty to wait upon him, as dean of the 
Holy College, tadefire, if he thought 
the conclave would laft a long time, 
that he would be pleafed to difpenfe 
with, his going into it j for that be ve- 
rily believed he (hould not live ^naiiy 
days.'* Farnefe exhorting him, ** not 
to abandon the ioterefts of the church 
in an affair of fo great importance to 
all Chriftendom j" Montalto anfwered, 
" That the hope of his fuffragc being 
not altogether ufclefs to his emioencc, 
was the only confideration that could 
induce him to go and meet his death 
there 5 to which Farnefe replyed, 
•' I would advife you to go and try 
your own intereft ; for I dare fay you 
would be as glad to be pope as any 
one elfe.*' Montalto, furprized at the 
repartee, faid, *' That the cardinals 
muft be very wrong-headed indeed, 
to think of fuch a poor obje£l as him, 
who had it not in his power to do any 
one thing, but wifli well to bis pa- 
trons and friends/' He talked in the 
fame ftyle to every dne of the cardi- 
nals that he thought (lood any chance 
of bein^ pope ; elpecially to the chiefs 
of fadhons, continually fpeaking in 
their praife, acknowledging the obli- 
gations he lay under to them, telling 
them, ** How ardently he wifhcd he 
was able to do them a fervice ; and 
what a prejudice he thought it would 
be to the church, if the government 
was entrufted in any other hands." 

In the dillrihution of their apart- 
ments in the conclave, which is alvrays 
done by lot, he happened to be fitusvt- 
ed in the midft of the principal offi. 
cers; Cardinal Farnefe, dean of the 
H. College, and Vice-chancellor of the 
church, lodged on his left-hand j 
ContarcUi, the datary, on his right | 
and Guaftavillano, the great cham- 
berlain, next to Contarelii. As Toon 
as the mailer of the ceremonies had 
made this didribution, he came to 
congratulate Montalto, as if, vi'hat 
was notliing but the cflfe^ of chance. 

Iia4 



Lrf to. 



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1768. 



POPE S I X T U S. 



bad been a locky omen, or preraget>f 
lus eU6iion.** 

«« The forty-two cardinals, of which 
the conclave confided, were divided 
into five faAions ; Farnefe was at the 
had of the hrtt $ D'Efte of the fecondj 
Alexandrino of the third ; Altempa of 
the fourth ; and the fifth, which was 
^liaooft equal in number to all the 
itft, was conduced by Buon Com- 
pagnon. Cardinal of St. Sixtus, ne- 
phew to the late pope. 

There were fourteen that afpired 
to the papacy, viz. Farnefe and Sa- 
vcUi, created by Paul III 5 Santa 
Cfoce, Palcotto, St. George, and Sir- 
ktti, by Pius IV; Montalto, Cefis, St. 
Scvcrini, andAlbano, by Pius Vj Fa- 
cbinetd, or Facquinetti, commonly 
called cardinal di Santiquattro, Delia 
Torre, a native of Udina, Mondovi, 
9iid Cailagna, by Gregory XIII $ and 
though they were all papable, there 
were not above half of them propofed 
as candidates in the conclave. Thcfe 
were all, more or lefs, fupported by 
the beads of the feveral faaions, ac- 
cording to the opinion they had of 
them ; for though thefe chiefs jpretend 
much aceal and concern for the intereft 
of all their creature?, left jealoufy 
fcould detach them, and rum their 
party 5 yet there is generaHy one per- 
ioD, whom they favour more than the 
rtl, and with a greater degree of 
wamth and confidence.'* 

Oar author then gives an account 
o( the intrigues in the conclave, 
which is nothing to the prefent pur- 
I)ole, and proceeds, as follows : ** There 
had been already foroe fecrct proceed- 
ings, in favour of Montalto, begun by 
Alexandrine and D'Eftc, The former 
hoped to have a great (hare in the ad- 
rotniftration, under a pontif, that had 
been made cardinal by his uncle, to 
whom he lay under fo many other ob- 
ligations. D'Eftc was drawn in with 
tbc fame view, by the perfuafion of 
Kufticucd, who had a great influence 
over him, and had been flattered by 
Montalto, till he began to grow fond 
of him. 

Medicis and his friends, apprehen- 
(i\e of Farnefe's intrigues for Torre, 
went privately, and made an offer 
of their fervicc to D'Efte and Alexan- 
drioo, promifing to afTift Montalto. 
They were both highly pleafed at this: 
As Medicis, wl^o was iil great credit 



149 



at the court of Spain, was aflared of 
the Spaniih intereft ; and D'Efte, as 
chief of the French fa^on, anfwered 
for their concurrence; fo that thefe 
two powerful, and generally oppofite 
parties, for once, joined in chulin^ 
the fame perfon. ' 

Thefe three cardinals having engag- 
ed their word to each other, came le- 
cretly to Montalto^s apartment in the 
night, and acquainted him with their 
defign to make him pope. Alexan- 
drino, who undertook to be the fpokef- 
roan, whifpercd tohim, for fear of be- 
ing overheard by Farnefe, whofe room 
was next to that of Montalto, ** We 
are come to tell your eminence a piece 
of very good news, which is, that we 
are refolved to make you pope.'** 

Montalto had all this time kept 
himfelf clofe (hut up in his little cham- 
ber, and was no more thought or fpoke 
of, than if he had not been in the con- 
clave. He very feldom ftirred out» 
and when he went to mafs, or any <^ 
the forutinies, appeared fo little con- 
cerned, that one would have thought be 
had no manner of intereft in any thing 
that happened within thofe walls* 
But he was, neverthelefs, advancing 
his intereft at a great rate, whilft he 
feemed to give himfelf no trouble 
abocit it. When he met any cardinal^ 
that he knew wifli'd well to the inte- 
reft of St. Sixtus, he ufed to fay, «« The 
cardinals ought to chufe a perfon that 
would be agreeable to him, out of re- 
gard to his own merit, and the me- 
mory of his uncle Gregory XIII, who 
had governed the church with fo much 
gentlenefs and clemency.'* If he faw 
any of Farnefe's friends, he feemed to 
wonder, ** That he was not yet chofe.^' 

Before the adherents of Medicis, he 
extolled their patron, " As the moft 
worthy man in the conclave." In fhort 
he fpoke well of all the cardinals, but 
particularly of fuch as he did not think 
his friendsy or had the greateft credit 
and intereft. As foon as he was ac- 
quainted with their intentions by Alex- 
andrino, in the prefence of Medicis 
and D'Efte, he fell into fuch a violent 
fit of coughing, that they thought he 
would have expired upon the fpot, and 
faid, as foon as he could fpeak, «« That 
his reign would be but ot a few days ; 
that, befide the continual difHculty 
with which he drew his breath, h^ had 
not ftfength enough to fupport fuch 

9, wcighl 



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rsp 



AR'TrVL MANArOlM^Nr; 



ftibrrfi 



.a weight ; and that hjs fmall cxperi- 
rience in affairs, made him altogether 
.unfit for a charge of fo important a 
naturt, except he could depend npon 
the affiftance of pthersj*' they an- 
fwered, That Gad would give him 
<ftrcngih fofficienr to govern his 
church fV to.whiclj he replied, "That 
he never would accept of it upon any 
terms whatfoevcr, except they would all 
three promife not to abandon him, but 
to take the greateft part of the weight 
off his fljoulders, as he was neither 
able, nor could in confcience pretend, 
to take the whole of it upon himfelf^" 
The other cardinals afl'urin^ him they 
tfould ; he faid, " If you are refolvcd 
to make me pope, it will only be plac- 
■ jng yourfelves in the throne j we rauft 
ihare the pontificate j for my part I 
- (hall be content with the bare title ; 
let them call me pope, and you are 
heartily welcome to the power and au- 
thority." 

Deluded by thefc infinuations, they 
fwaltowed the bait, and determined to 
chufe him. Thus he craftily brought 
about his great defigns, by methods, 
in all appearance, the .leait probable. 
He. had forefeen, that at the death of 
the pope, there would be great contefts 
and diviftons in the conclave } and 
very rightly judged, as it proved, that 
if the chiefs of the parties met with 
any difficulty in chufmgthe perfon they 
intended, they would all wiUingly.con- 
cur in the election of fome very old 
and infirm cardinal (as had been done 
more than once in fuch cafes before) 
which would give them time to lay 
their fchemes better againft another 
vacancy. This was the true reafonof 
his fhammin^ the Imbecile, affecting 
lo appear like a dying man, and en- 
deavouring, by a harmlefs and inof- 
fenfive behaviour, not to difoblige 
any body. 

The cardinals were no fooner got 
out of his apartment, but they retired 
ihto a private place, to confer amongff 
themlelves about the advantages that 
would accrue to each of them from 
fuch an election. ** What can we 
wifh tor more, faid they, than to 
have the entire difpofal of the pope ? 
We fhould be egregious fools, indeed, 
and dcfcrve to be loundly laughed at, 
if we let fuch an opportunity flip out 
of our hands. Montalto has Opened 
hit Ivcart to us very frankly^ and ia 



. quite difF^^rent termi from any of the 
other candidates ; as.he never had any 
gQTernmeQt, but that of his own ot- 
der for a little while, he will be alto, 
gether raw and inexperienced in that 
of the whole church, and mufl neccf. 
farily make ufe of us ; there is nn 
probability, nor indeed poflibilty, of 
his pretending to fleer the vefTel alone. 
He has no relations to cail in, thtt 
are capable of affixing him. His ne- 
phews are fitter to hold a plough, than 
rule a flate. He is fenfible, that we 
have been lone employed in the go- 
vernment of the date 5 that we are 
able to direft him with our counfel 
and advice ; and that, as he pwei hii 
exaltation entirely to us, he cannotj 
in confcience, lodge the power in any 
other hands. We may depend upon 
having the adminiflration wholly to 
ourfclves : For if, whilfl he was bui 
cardinal, he did not think hirafell 
able to manage the few afTairs thai 
fell within that narrow circle, the dlf« 
trufl of his abilities will naturally in< 
creafe, in proportion to the weight 
and number of the difHcuhies he will 
meet with, . when he comes to lit in ih 
chair of St, Peter."' 

Having fully fatisfyM thenrfclvfi 
with theie arguments, they ufcd al 
theif endeavours to get him chofe 
and began with trying to bring ove 
the Farnefian intereft, artfully caufinj 
a report to be fpread, that Torre woul< 
be there in two days j and Rufticucci 
to whom they had communicated thei 
defign, fhewed feveral letter?, whic 
he faid he had received to that pur 
pofe. They gave it out, that if Far 
nefe could not procure him to b 
chofe, he would fet up for hirofel 
To operate the more e^edlualiy upo; 
the cardinals that oppofed the ele< 
tion of Farnefe, they further pn 
tended, .that he daily expelled tt 
return of two couriers, whom he ha 
difpatched to the kings of France an 
Spain, who, mofl probably, wou! 
bring with them an account of tl 
favourable difpofition of thofe tv 
monarchs} efpecially that of Franc 
t(x whom he had reprefented, in t] 
ftrongefl terms, the faithful attaci 
mcnt of his family, and the great fc 
vices his anceflors had often done 
the French nation. 

Some of the cardinals were excc^ 
jngly furprized, when they hca 

Medi 



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]^6S. 



LORDS P k 6 T E S^ti 



Medial had declared for Montalto, 
isd could not comprehend the reafons 
tbt induce^] him to be fo llrenuous for 
I perfon^ that hid been a profeflcd^ehe- 
my to his coufiji Paul Urdni. But, it 
leemf, his ambition, ^ and the defire he 
fcid to exclude Farncfe and • Bella 
Torre, prevailed over all family re- 
fffttmenti,' for he exerted bimfelf with- 
oofc seal than any other cardinal, in 
ttieintereft of Montalto; though he 
wu not without fufpicions that Far- 
neie, by ibme artifice or other, would 
iedoce Alexandrino, who was natu- 
rHj fickle and irrefolbte. 

It was thought by feme, thatMedicis 
would not have taken this part, if he 
liid not been tborbughly convinced 
thatMoutalto, far from being an in- 
valid, was flrong and healthful e- 
nough, in all probability, to furvive 
Farncfe, and all his faction, by which 
be imagined, he ihould get rid of 
tbole that were likely to be the great- 
eft obftacles to hit ever being pope 
biio&lf. fiut this, I think, is {pin- 
ning the thread rathef too fine : For, 
iboDgh Montalto was in reality, as 
weharefaid, but Cxty-four years old, 
yet, after be was cardinal, he appeared 
raocb more aged than he was, by let- 
tmg bis beard grow, and neg1e<5liiig 
i^is ditfs (which make a great aUera- 
tioQ in a man's looks) feeming almod 
bent double, and hardly able to fup* 
pert faimlelf with a ftaff, which he 
uoiandy made ufe of when he went 
Jbrotd. 

[To he eotaimuedin our mext,"} 

rhelORtyS PROTEST, 

Die Lututf % Feb, 1768. 
^3* wi liffa eft *///«— Intituled, 
an Aft for further regulating the 
Proceedings of the United Company 
of Merchants of England trading 
tothcEaft Indies, with refpe6t to 
tfee miking of Dividends. Tiie 
Qoeftion was pat whether the fa id 
. Bill (ball pafs, it was refolf ed in tiie 
iirmative. 

Difenltent. 
A HECAUSE this hill is an exer- 
D tion of the fupreme power of 
J^iiracnt, equally unnccefldry and 
^"ferous, after having had the mod 
tirtifying experience of the operation 
•^»lik: icftri^ion lad year, which 



enCreafed the very mirchlef it was in- 
tended to remedy, at a time when the 
circumftances of the company are clear 
beyond a doubt, and their opulence 
verified beyond the moft fangulne eic- 
pe^ation : no fuppofed niifconduft of 
the company .ailing for the intcrpoli- 
tion of parliament ^ no ra(h and ex- 
ccflivc dividends declared 5 no encreafe 
of dividends even defired ; on thecoii- 
trary, the company have reftrained it^. 
fclf on principles much more rational 
than thofe adopted by the bill, as they 
h^ve a reference to their circamftances, 
and not to a fix'd period of time, 
marked by an arbitrary refolution. 
We cannot therefore avoid confidering 
this bill as a mere aft of power, with- 
out a colour of delinquency on the 
part of the company, or ot necefHty 
o<i the part of the public'. 

adly, Becaufe it appears to us, that 
this bill is an high violation of the na- 
tibnal faith, taking away, without 
any judicial procefs, or even anv cri- 
minal charge, that pOwer of declaring 
dividends, whicli the company pur- 
chafed from the public for a valuable 
conHderation. 

jdly Becaufe it appears to us alto- 
gether unaccountable to pafs in one 
) ear ah aft fop regulating the modes 
and conditions of declaring dividend* 
by the company ; and, in the very 
nkxt year, to prohibit the exercife of 
thofe very powers fo regulated : this 
aft is now in fall force i no deftft in 
it hai been dated : no amendment Has 
been propofed ; no infraftion has been 
pretended. This law, made exprefly 
to regulate the method of declaring di- 
vidends, does of nece/Jity imply the 
exercife of that right under the condi- 
tions therein prefcribed, which cannot 
be takeh from the E. I. company, 
without tlie mod fignal difgrace to the 
Wildom and good faith of the legifla- 
Hire, and the fubverfibn of every prin- 
ciple of legal government. 

4thly, Becaufe it appears to us, that 
to reftrain the fubjcft in the difpofi- 
tlon of his own property, without any 
other pretcncfe than the mere poffibifiiy 
of abufe, (this bill having been chiefly 
defended upon that ground) is a prin- 
ciple unheard-of in any h'^t country, 
ahd moft alarming to all the trading 
and monied interefts of this kingdoms 
it goes to the fubjcfting, to the fame 

rtftraint 



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tS2 



K I N O'S S P E EC tt 



Mvcti 



reftrainty Oiv the faipe loofe reafoni, 
•every great company, as well as every 
public or private itock, which may 
become of magnitude fufHcient to 
tempt) in future times, an impove- 
riflied treafury and a rapacious admi- 
niftration, fince no degree of innocence 
can be a fecurity againft fuch fufpicion 
of a poflible fraud $ and fuch a fufpi- 
cion may be made a eround for conti- 
nuing an arbitrary reSraint, until the 
fubjedt (hall confent to ranfom his 
property on' fuch terms as (hall be 
preicribed to him. 

5thly, Becaufe this annual reilraint 
tends to eftablifli a perpetual interpofj- 
tion of parliament, in declaring divi- 
dends for this company, and mdeed 
all companies whatloever, to the cn- 
creafe of that moft dangerous and in- 
famous part of ftock- jobbing, which 
is carried on by clandeftine intelligence, 
and to the vetting it in the worft of all 
hands, thofe of admi nitration | for a 
minifter, who Hiall hereafter acquire 
Sn parliament (by whatever means) 
fufficient influence for the purpofe, 
may, by his power of encrcafinj^, di- 
miniftiing, or withholding dividends 
at his pleafure, have all the ilock- 
holders in thefc companies (a body, 
extremely confiderable for wealth and 
numbers) entirely at his mercy, and 
probably at his difpofal, to the mfinite 
encreafe of the already overgrown, 
and almoft irrefiiUble influence of the 
crown. 

6thly, Becaufe we apprehend, that 
this unprecedented pradtice of declar* 
ing dividends in parliament, may be- 
come a more alarming mode of undue 
influence on the members themfelves, 
than any of thofe which have hitherto 
fo frequently excited the jealoufy of 
the legiflature, fince it furniflies a fund 
of corruption far greater than any hi- 
therto known $ a fund in its nature 
inexhauftible, of the greater facility 
in the application, and quite out of 
the reach of all difcovery and profecu- 
tion. We think the jprinciple of this 
bill the firft ilep towards the introduc- 
tion of fuch a new fyflem of corrup- 
tion, and have therefore reflfted it, 
left the conilitution ihould become to- 
tally perverted fron^ the ends for 
which it was originally eftablifhed, 
and be no longer venerated by this 
liation, as giving fecurity to liberty 
Mfid property, and prote^ion to the 



fubje^t from all violence and injuftic^ 

on the part of government. 
Richmond, Temple, 
King, Fred. Exort, 

tlai ' 



Portland, 
Rockingham, 
Monfon, 
Lyttelton, 



WinchelftaandNoU 

tingharo, 
Dartmouth^ 
Ponfopby. 



Hh Majefifs Speech to both Houjti of 
Pariiament, mt March io, 1769* 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 
f* ^Tp H E readintffs with which yoU 
X entered into the views I re- 
commended to you at the opening of 
this feflion, and the aHlduity with 
which vou have applied yourfelves to 
the dilpatch of the public bufinefs, 
give me great fatisfa6Hon; At the 
Fame time, the affeAionate concern 
you have (hewn for the welfare of your 
tellow fubje6ts, by the falutary laws 
pafl*ed for their relief in refpeft to the 
high price of provifions, cannot fail of 
fecuring to you their mod grateful re- 
gard. 

I have nothing new to communicate 
to you in relation to foreign af)^airs. 
The apparent interefls of the feveral 
powers in Europe, as well as the ex«> 
pcefs aflli ranees I have received from 
them, leave me no room to doubt of 
their difpofition topreierve the general 
tranquility. And, on my part, ycfvt 
may reft aflured, that every meauire 
that is coniiftent with the honour of 
my crown, and the rights of ray fub- 
jefts, ftiall be fteadily directed to that 
mod falutary purpofe. 
Gentlemen of the houfeof Commons^ 
Your chearfulnefs in granting the 
necelTary fupplies, and your attention 
to the eafe of my good fubje£ls in the 
manner of raifing them, equally de* 
mand my -acknowledgments. I fee, 
with pleafure, that you have been 
able to profccute your plan for the di* 
minution of the national debt, without 
laying any additional burthen upoxi^ 
my peoplcr 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
As the time limited by law for the 
expiration of this parliament now 
draws near, I have refolved forthwith 
to ifliie my proclamation for diflblvin^ 
it, and for calling a new parliaments 
But I cannot do ^his, without having' 
flrft returned you my thanks, for the 
many fignal proofs you have given of 
the moft a^e&ionate attachment to 

way 



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wtnb be mat C^hnti during tht Iqfl tVar, 

n*fitb iltfoHo-ufnig'Jrtfcnptioas 



my pcribo, ftmllys wd goversaieq|, ti|e 
adl fiuchfol Atteation ro the ptiblic krwkej 
9mi tkc moft earned xea] for thc^tt(cmxi(m 
ei «pr cxcdlcDC otniiitutioo. 'Whta, b^ 
the ligoroot fopport which you ^are ipe 
Awisf tiie war« 1 ji4(l been enabled, iMJ<icr 
1^ DiWne Pro?idcaccj to xcftorc to my peo- 
ple the ble£sgs o( peace, ^ ycu continued to 
oat yoorfelves, with equal alacrity and 
fci d ifft, in purfuing cTcry mcalurc that 
«»itl4 «OBtribcUe <• ihe maintenance of the 
p«bli€ iafcty and tranquiliiy j which you 
vdl ■adcclood coold ao otiierwire be pre- 
ftn«4 t^AA ^y ef^abliihiog, oa a refpe^- 
Uefouadation, the fire nj^th, the credit,^ and 
tkt caouKrce of the nation. The large Vup- 
jBm jmt have from time to time grajited, 
a»d the wiie r^nlal'ons you hate made for 
tbde iaportaat purpofei, will, I am per- 
iaaded, bz foood ta hare been prodn^iae of 
t^ Bkvft beoeficiai confeaaencci. 

la the approaching cledion of rcprefentt- 
tlvei. I doobc BO< but is| people will .give 
mehdk proofs of their attachment to the 
trae ioiercft of their country j which Ifliall 
cm receive at the moft accepuble mark of 
their zSoG^oa to aie« Th^ welfare o£ all 
By fohjeaa ia toy firft obied. Nothing 
tberelbre hafl ever given me more real con- 
ttm than to £?e-aay of them, in any past of 
■y dominiona, attemptiog to loo£eo thofe 
hndMfcofifBtntioDalfabordination, totfTin- 
tU to the welfare of the whole. Bnt it it 
wkh iich fatitfadion that 1 now fee them 
»">i ii ftB •» • mow juftfeDfe of what th'^^ 
•wni^ese^ no lofi than their duty, i'^ajf- 
rcaMy repaint of them j and therchf gif. 
in JK t^ prof^a of continuing «, ^^i^ 
•fwan bappy. bircaofe an united »tople,** 

After which the lord chanr^r, by' h?t 
ajej't command, prorog;^ both houib 
till tW 31ft »ift«nt« ^ 

'iU^^^^ C« Ho^ A ? H is ereSiit£ by Sir 
WiHinm ©Taper, ;„ bit Gardem -f Clifton, 
•" " */ tbt Uu i^tb Jte^iment, of 



et Hmmmr < 



THIS Cenotaph ia facred 
to the virtues and mcmoriet 
of thofe departed warriors 
of his majcf^y's 79th icrimcnt J 
by wko/c cxcclJcnc csndud, 
cool ftlibtrat^ valour, 
ftcaJy difcioiinc, and perfeverance, 
the fo'midable and impetuous c0brtj| 
of the f reach lind (orces in India 
were 6rft withftood and rcpulfcd. 
Our own feftlem^ti 
refcued from impending deftrudi.009 
Thofe of oor enemies fi«ally reduced. * 
The ever mcmcrablc defence of Aladrjt, 

Thedecilive battle of Wanc^^wafh, 

Twelve ftrong and importany fortrcflTci, " 

Three Tuperb cap'^ajj 

Arcot, Pondichcrry, Manilla, 

AndtQePhilipjicinand», 

are witneffes of iheii; irrc'iftibic bravery, 

confummate abihtie?, unerampled humanity t 

Such were the men, of ihia vidtorioui regiment, 

vd oy fuch as thcfe, 

Theit furviving companions, 

the coao^^eftg and glory of our fovcieign. 

The reno.wn and majefly of the Britifli empire 

were emended to the remotcft parts of A (14 : 

Such were their exploits, 

that woO'd have done honour 

^ Even to the Creek or Roman naine, 

in the moft farourite timet of antiquity | ' 

and well defer ve to be tiaormitted down 

to lateft poderity, 

and held in efieem and admiration, 

at long as true fortitude, 
Valotir, dtfcipline, and humanity 
fliall have any place . 
in Britain. 
•#• Three field ofHceii, ten capta'as, 
thirteen lieutenants, five enCgns, three fu'r- 
geons, and ooe-thoufand private men, be- 
longing to this reii.T*eat fell in the courfe of 
the late war. 



POETICAL ESSAYS. 



^f^H *^- Powell mffear 1- tbi cbaraaer 
fKoiaLad, m Saturday, February tbt ^tb. 

THALIA, ever droll and gay, 
Took aa odd whim the other day. 
To $f ftnm moont Psroaifrto York, 
rfc ladyfttp*s aa light 9 cork.) 
JtraafB things /he*ad heard from madam Faine, 
^P,>well a yanng fprite y dame, 
WW lately on the flagc k»d enter d, 
« vham aocommon merit centered, 
;*««f«ore, ««/he beatev'n Dancer hollow, 
w* heard it vouched To by Apollo.'* 

B« Mift Thalia knew full wrU, 
*W Pane, wood fomctimcs fibl:t» tell 1 



And therefore thonght 'twou'd be more wKc, 

To truft to her own ears and eyes : 

To York Qit darts quick thro* the air. 

Settles her drefs, ^afwdtn hn hair. 

And after having call'd a chair. 

Strait to the mules temple goes, 

Where crowds of v/tW dfcQ bcHes and beans. 

Their o(T'rir>f8 tender ac the Oirine, 

Of Phabus tn6 tie fifters ri'>c ; 

And where they laugh, char, curtfey, bjwr. 

As wcil-drcft folks in temples do t 

Nor fhouM we think it (Irange. that (he • 
At her o*ra ftrine ^ou'd btrnd the krJee, 
For ever ficce the diy| of Adtin> » : 
Self is the idol of eacii m^daro. 

U Tit 



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Ron perplex ut« 

on the ftige appear ! ^ 

u need not ftare» ^ 

vitis are :— 3 



154 Poetical Essays 

*Tia 10 th!« temple, where by prMy» 
Men learn the trueft orthodox j § 
To cleanfe the heart from vice and foHy^ 
And banifli heli-fpning melancholy ; 
And where the only penance koown^ 
(A peaance common we muft own, 
lA temples of each didf*rent kind) 
Jt fome dull tedious prieft to find. 
Who from the (lage is Tore to vex us. 
And with Sermtnic ftoflT perplex ut« 

What— priefts opon 
Yet madams nay yon nc 
A€taf% the mufts levtut 
And like true priefts of all degreel. 
Poeket theotTrings for the fees. 

Whenfeated, •till the play began, 
She chats, coquettes, end playi her ftfl J 
80 fmart fo (enfible ber look. 
For pretty S— (he was miftook 
And each pert beau or buck around her. 
She with her wit ftruck flat as flounder j • 
For ^hat are beaus ta fuch a fly lifs ? 
Mo more than was to Herc'lcs Hylas.— 
That night a« luck woo*d have it, Powell, 
Who like a man can fttut or bow well. 
The brccchet wai ordain*d t* wear. 
And eke In Rofalind appearj— 
Mer firft appearance when ftie made 
Thalia wiih amaaement faid, 
* «« A noble form !— As I'm a finner, 
There*! fomcthing devMifti clcTer in her J 
TaH, yrell-fliap^d, handrome, deboiinair, 
A fine complexion, charming hair,— 
A voice mod plea fing— and a grace. 
That fpeaki her of no vulgar race," 
Attention all— flie lent an ear,. 
And fcuce refrained the falling tear 
To fee poor Rofaliod's diflreftt 
What feeling boibm cou'd do lefs ? 
for tho* to mirth chiefly inclined, 
Thalia has a feoUng mind j ^ 

And Powell with her magic art 
A fluttring rais'd in miflTs heart :— 
«• Pooh, pooh, flie cry'd, I plainly fee, 
Her faf'rite walk is tragedy j 
l*tb melting mood one io proficieatji 
In humour fure muft be deficient \ 
To you, grave fifler, I lefign 
This trcafurej— flie is wholly thine*" 

But when with manly grace and moio. 
She faw her vamgate the fceoe \ 
. With aU that whim ao<* fpirit blaft. 
That mirthful Pritchard e'er expreft | 
'k>in*4 to the graceful form and eafe 
That erft in Woffiogton 4>id pka(«| 
She fmU'd} (he laugh'd ^—flic cUp'dapuin* 
She clap*d, and rmil'd^and clap*d again } 
Her fsx fdrgor, ibe even fwore, 
« She ne'er was better pleased be(bre j 
Sbakefpear a Powell had in view, 
Tm fure, when Rofalind he dtew| 
111 hia mind's eye at leaft he iaw her. 
Or he cou'd ne'er fi) truly draw ber :— 
View ber but now, ibe ihines confieft 
Like YoAus by the graces 4r«ft4 



in March, 1768. 

Again behold her, and youM tak« 
My female Proteus for a rake | 
In fliort, in petticoats or breocbes, 
WItk thoufand charms flie ftiH bewStchei | 
Voluble, lively whimmy, fmart, 
The part fits her, (he Utt the pan.**-*— 
And whe» the eptlogoe was anded. 
Which flie with rapturous looks attcfid«d» 
Shejoin*d iheuniTerfal roar,— > 

« Let Fame (flie cries) her wings cxpan^i 
Like lightning fly thrO*ev*ry land. 
And trumps t loud to all mankind, 
Powell's my fav'rite Rofalind,*' 

York, Feb. 7. K« 

Pox. TOO ax and Eawa. J TV/r. 

itttemfied In tbi Msintr c/'Ovid. 

« Hec metuis atro crioitas angue fbroreat, 
« Q»as facibus faevis oculos atque orai pc- 

tentes 
** Noxea eorda vident^ At to, dnm corpora 

non ct 
*' Paflus, nefas aaifflo ne conclpc ncwi po« 

tentis 
** Concubitu vitlto naturae pollxce fcedisa. 
•< Vel puts s res ipfa vitat ! pia ilia meenor- 

que 
"Juris. Ovid. Mtr. Hh, X, 

BEFORE Neutona joins Rcthinuo tidw 
Her fiiver waves two fcrdantmoiutca di- 
vide ; 
Thefeooca a human name of (emblanctt borej 
Ont beauteous Eaoa, t*otbcr Polydore.—* 
No nyanph more fair than Eaoa t^od t&c 

>?lnp> 
Than Polydore, there liv*d no comlaar Cwnia^ 
To bJrih dlrine, with juftice, they alpire^ 
And hail Rcthious river for their fire, 
Fiom Neptune's soatery bed Rethinus ro|^ 
For them Neutona ^t a mother's throes^ 
Kor wu the nymph beataih Rethinus* !<»«« 
Sprung from^ Mormofia when compels *d b] 
jcrra.—^ ^ ^ * 

Neutona, yet a fpcttefs virgin. Uvea 
Her polifli'd limbs am)d Reihiniu w«wcs § - 
Th'eanptur'd God, her lovely form Ad«vur*4 
And foon tua^ultuous lose ber bofom f%M*d, -^ 
Within his arms the ftraggling oympla he ^on 
To the thick cpvert of his fcdgy.ifaore |. 
And there begat, whom pity muft bewail^ 
The haplefs fubjeds of the following tale.^ 
When thrice r^rre times Di^na*a fiXmmr Itghi 
Had btefs'd and vamib*d,from our morcadfi^i 
' Netffona, hippy in a mother's name^ . 
Ceat'd Co lament, her injur'd virgin Taine ^ 
With ibulfelt joy (be view'd each iiaUx: 
r«fc, Ccr«af^^ 

And faw their beaut* with their ye«xa in 
Alal! m'flakeo nymph, you little knew 
Thofe fatal charms, mbft all your hope* x»xi 
do! [had tti 

Scarce twice eight times this eartbj^ ba 
its an&val ca«rfe around the golden r«AS), 

Whc 



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Poetical Essays » March, 17$$. 



Wkeft TcHyitt, pofleftM qf evVy charm 
That tnifht to love the coMeft boibm warm, 
Witbgen'rotH beat the htlMj boar puffu'd 
(Tcr the flecp mottOC, %ad thro* the gkomy 



Fat^*4 wkh to'Iiog op the et»nf ftcep, 
A psi he fou«4, that feem'd the cavt of 

Bcep9 
Where ivy-Cfvlnes repe11*4 eadi rcorchiflgnyf 
Aod bid defiaoot to the glare pf day.— 
Yet fiiU Mhnutcd gei^lcr sU^ms of light, 
A Ida Chan noootide, and a more than 

night.— 
There oa the moft oothinkiogly be prers*d 
Whik peaccfi^ Dumber luUM him into reft.— 
Q-f]^ jottth ! ill-omen'd was the hour, 
Yea firft fiCcover'd chat deflruaive bc«r't I — 
lAiaa there, a A>rcereri moft fell, 
Skifd in each plant and magick working 

%el|» 
Hdi her ahode«--A fatyi't lewd embrace 
Cafe being to this foe to human race. — • 
Sbe when ihe firft beheld the lovely fwain 
Fek aamcleft raptorct glow thro* ev*ry vein, 
Affown leTs ftern, her haggard alpeA wore. 
She ceaa*d to hate, who net er ceas'd befoie : 
let if his Aeepiog beaoiics could abate 
H«veDoai*d raocourand infernal hate, 
Ki flfca difckM'd, had aimft power to move 
Hs nggcd ibol, to foraetbiog fofc like love| 
Eat lore ha fuch a bolbm never came 
Ajdlbft tohue ofurpM that facred name.— 
HiVf^ft katd fbai&iog at the horrid fmile» 
She ih«saddrafs*d him in her tend*reft flile % 
* Sajr beaotOQus mortal, if thou mortal art| 
Y« iore no ^rartal tbut »flails my heart 1 
Say lively fbrm> or haman, ik divine. 
What lucky chance bath frac*d this cave of 

mine 
Widk hth M go^ft } Did chance dired^ thy way 
Whtit bcver mortal foot prerom*d to fiiay f 
&fUk tb6ii lieard afat ffdrina^s fame 
Aa^ in Ibme ardnoui tdik her aid would 

daim ? 
If fe*ds granted ! name bat thy demands 
And all is granted that my art cotnmands ! 
Ev'a toed viitoe's laws, if you decree 
T«ft««or virioe, (hall be dear co me, 
AariRthe Imall re^oital that 1 aik 
kilt It lover's rapture-giving tafc." 
llerpieficT*^ favours and her proflfer*d love 
Afike the youth's ]aft indignation move j 
Kii tan his gen'roua foot fubmit to hide 
Hoe mach be bates the thooghtt of iucb a 

When flern Edrioa found her fait df ny*d 
The place of loft by vengeance was fup)py*d. 
" H-jodghag wretch, with eafe 1 can compel 
Aaotoal fUme, by ftreogtl^ of magic fpell s 
Ivliom my fool each tender thought I tear 
A«| tew revenge aisme inhabiu there ! 
1^^ I Begone ! delud:d wretch (Ihe cty*d) 
thnit live to wifh I had not been deny*d.**— 
fttliid, and fpeaking rais'd her pow'rful 
bead, [wand.— 

Aid e'er bit head chricf Ihook her ma|»6 



»55 

The youth updaoatcd heard the foiy rave^ 
And left with /corn hcrperfoaand her cave*-* 
But foon, with love inceiluoai fir*d, befooa^ 
Hef threatened veageance was no empty 
found.— 

Fair Eana anxious for her brother's Hay, 
Came to receive him on hit homeward way | 
When round his neck ha^iisdred arau weia 

thrown, ^ |[knowa| 

How chfoVb'd his heart with wiibes yet on- 
No more a bi other's thouglus his foul p9f» 

fcft'd. "" 

But all the loter rag'd within his breaft. 
He gaz'd, he ^h*d, but dar*d not yet impart 
The guilty wilh that rankled a his hearty 
Till thof^ fond freedoms that a fifler claims 
WakM his whole bofom Into aQual fUmu | 
Then wild impatience mad'ning cv*ry vein 
iFrom ihodd*ring reafon fnatch*d away the 

rein. 
Not fo fair Sana, af Diana chafte. 
She flies his frenay with the lightning's haftc 
At the fell hound, ^he timid hare alums. 
So did the lifter dread a brother's arms i 
And as in flight the timid hates confide, 
Her quick wing'dfteps the whiftltng air divide. 
IVbilc Polydote, all paflion and d^air. 
With equjd fpeed purfu'd the flying fair. 
Now to the utmoft ev'ry nerve Is ftrain'd. 
Now froa^ their brows a fweaty torrent rain'dj 
Now oa their mother's flow'ry banks they 

flood, [flood— 

'The nymph's laft effort crots'd the cryflat 
She could no more^but fervently addre&'d 
The God, by whom her mother was poftcfa'd-* 
*< O Great Rcthinus ! facred ftream (flie cries) 
If e'er Neutona chaim'd thy wond'ring eyes. 
Save, fave thy daughter from the worft of foes. 
Who yet no lofs of fpotlefs honour knows.'* 
The parent ftreapi accepts the fervent pray'r^ 
Such honeft vows are never loft in air t 
Her iwelling limbs an eatthy fobflance grtWi 
Her changing ikin forfakc9 iU ihowy hoe. 
Firft at her foet the wond'rous change begia. 
Then o'er her faultlefs lin^bs inceflant ran, 
Deftroying charms no goddcfscan forpafs. 
And ended, inftant, in • ihapelefs mafs j 
Yet of her beauty ftill fome traces flay 
'Nor doth the fun a fairer hill forvey. ■ 

Her brother's fliock was pi^or'd in his face. 
To find a mountain (well in his cinbrace. 
All horror-ftruck his hair ejdfttck ?ofe, 
While on his tongue tb' unflntfli'd accent 

froze— 
His am*roos vows no more his fifter hears. 
He deeply mourns, but what, aba ! are tears; 
Wilh loud complaints he tbse the lifteoiog air. 
And ftood the image of the true dcfpair s 
At length Rethinot melted by his woe. 
For Gods chemfelves a father's weakocft 

know } 
Diflblv*d the emaire of f drina's hate 
And madehim fliarer in bis fifter's fafek— * 
Yet ev'n thus chaog'd, as badge of |oirt ha 

wearl 
A ruder farm, thaa virtuout Eaaa hfirt* 
Ua 0,Ca 



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This Is no ti^e for ^gsUog«^wfiea fOn\t 

UiAire, 
Ca11> ut ibr me^ and rilattdid yodrpleaUurtj 
Ai folbieis huiry at the beat of drum/ 
Beat but your Ii<indi,thacinftant I will come* 

[ U.e tnten uJ>9h tbtir cUfping* 
This it fo gocf, to call me dot fo (iiM>D— i 
The rvW- 'r '/* by me intreati Akoon^ ^ 
She r :i'i for Friubard, hcf fir^Wltidof 



i$6' Poetical Ess AYS iVMARtm, 1768. 

P.R O t O G U Ef /• Z T* N O B I A, 
^pnUn-hy Mr, Ho'L'L/iViD* 

OF^d— wheri Greece IB a <tctrtining age 
Of Uwlefi pow'i had fell the ^atb'coui 

rage, 
Thh wai the tyrant'i art— he giVc a ptije 
To hita who a View plcafutt fhotiU devyfe. 

Ye t^ranta of the pit, whofe cold c/nain 
Kcjeifti and nau'ciles the repealed yrain ) 
Who call iQt isr::Ici to quicken i'e/ifc, 
^, do you alwaft the reward d ,<"penci ? 
.Ye bard*—to whim Fiench vti gives kind 

relief. 
Are ye not eft the'firfl— to cVy, pp thief I 
Say,— to a brother do you o'er allow , 
OAe little fprig, onelcaf to deck h<» brow ? ^ 
No.— Fierce invefiive fluns the play-wright'f 

em, ^ ' ■ 

tVits P<>««« corners, Ledgen, G;fzetteeri 1 
•Ti« faid, the Tartar— ere he pierce the heart, 
lAreribci hxs name upon his poifon'd dait ; 
That fchemc'i rejcftcd by' each fcribblin« 

fpark, [<i»rJc. 

-.Our chriftiin fyflem-ft«h« you \n the 

• And yet the defp'rate author of to-night 
Darcfl on the mufei wing another flight } 
Once ir.ore a dupe to fame, forfake? hi« 

And fcrls th* ambition here again to pleafe. 

He brings a IjIc fTom a far diftant agp. 
Ennobled by the grave hiftox.c page ! * . ^ 
Zenobia'5 wee* have touch'd each polifh'd 

flate; [her fate . 

•Hie briehr'cft eyes of FraV^ce have moura'd 
Patmonious Italy her tribute paid. 
And fang a dirge to her lamented fhade. 
, Yet iliinlc not lh*t we mean to mock the 

eye 
"With pilfer'd colours of a foreign dye. 
Not to tranflatc our bard hia pen doth dip 3 
He t^kes a play, as Britons take a ^ip i . 
They heave her down j— with many a Uurdy 

• ftrokc, 

ReJ»air her well, and build with heart Of oak. 
To cv\-y breeze fct Britain's flrcame'S froc. 
UeW-maa her, and away again to fca. 

This is our author's aim j —and if his art 
U^Akcn to feniimcnt the fctling heart ; 
If 'in. his fcencs al.ernate paHi >ns burn, 
And friend/hip, love, guilt, virtue, take 

their turn j • 
If innocence opprefsM lie blctdinjj here, 
YouMl give — 'lis all he aUu— one virtuooe 
tear. 

Z E N O B I A 



EPILOGUE to 

H^rittei ty D. C AR R I c ic , f/f. 
Spchn hy Mrs. A b 1 n g ton. 
[Sbf pttps tbrou'gb tb< curtain. ] 

HOW do y-u al!, good folks ?— In teara 
for certain, 
JUl on'y take a p^ef> behind the curtain ; 
You're all fo full of tragedy and f-dnefi I 
for me to come amoiig ye, y^^M be naadneft; 



And bc^g'd of her to take the ttflc opon btr] 
But ihc, — I'm lure you*l|^aIl be fbny for*t, 
Refill's her plxc, and foon retires from covtt 
To bear this lofs, we courtiers make a fluft, 
When good fol Its lerre us, worfemay have a lift, 
The comic muje^ whb.'e ev*ry fmUe ii grace, 1 
Artd her flagtjijler, with her tragic face, 3 
Have bad a quarrel— each has writ! ca(e. J 
And on theli friends alfembled now I i^rait, 
To give you of their difference a tpufate* 
Mttpwiene, complains when (heappean,— 
For five good i£ts, in all her pomp of tears, 
To raife your foujs, and with her rapture 
wing e*m f wring 'cm 

Ijilay wet your handkerchiefs, that you m^ 
Some fiippaiit huffey, like myftlf, cnmes in 
Crack goes her fan, and with a giggli^^l |iil 
Hey! hrf'o\ ^tf^i /— all topfy-iurvy fee. 
For ho, be, ho ! U chang'd to he, he, be I 
We own the fault, but 'tis a fault in vogw 
'T/^ theirs r Hubo caU and hawl for — epilogue 
O ! fhame upon you— for the time to conC] 
Know bcttcf, and go mir<;rible home. 
What fa)i cjur cemic loddefsf^^yf ith n 

preaches. 
She vowa her Jijier tragedy encroaches! 
And, rpite of all her virtue and ambition^ 
Is kiiowA to h tve an amorous difpof tion s 
For lu Faij'e Jr/icacy— won'drous fly^ 
Join'd vnlh a certain IriJbmah^O fyc ? 
ihe made you, when you ought to laugh^ 
to cry. ^ £far>other, 

Her fiftcr's fmilcs with tears flie try'd to 
Raia'd fuch a tragi-comic kmd of pother, 
You laugh'tl with on* eye, pvhile you 
cry'd with tV^**** ffcenes! 

What can be done ? —fad work bchiftd t 
There comic females fcoH with tragic ^ucei 
Each party diflferen? ways the foe afTails, 
Tliefe Aake their daggers, thofe prepaie th 

^nails. 
*Tnyou ^lone mnf( calm ihefe dire miihap 
Or we (hdll Hill continue pulling caps. 
What is your wili ?— I read it in your faces; 
That all hereaftcrtake their proper placet. 
Shake bands, and kifs, and friends, and— 
bum their cafes. 

The firtunafe Pig at Mount E--«» *• 
Friends at Tuobridgc. (iw^. I CO.) 

« 1^ BAD pigt have cunning,* proverbs 
JL/ And fo (ogoetimes the livts^ «ay, 
Tnftead of rooting under ground* - 
Above it, better luck I've fooad 

Ambit 



P 7adtus /inn, Lib. Ijt, Se0* 44^ it trJ of ^u 



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Poetical Essays h March, 1768 



I to attend the frcat, 
1 « a BoUc ir-*d tv9Qld waic ; 
Awi when be took hit flooratog's ride^ 
Gailof 4I « h reqotouf hjh'xM i4c : 
If 7 lokwd bomagi maiir bim rpeft« 
And higUf 1*ir xewardad fdr't. 
He took fist from tkc boinely Bj, 
Ami ^oitc A favoofite grown am J. 
What «ood«r tixa^ myL— 7*t cbarn^t 
Shadd »»'^n*^ hia L p 't arms * f 
Wkat woadcr that his ancient cieft -f, 
nea»*4 to be pamperM and cared, 
l ho> li icom thst IUtion» fam'd pf joie^ 
A Imof p({9 a cfcft no more ? 
At Bcdi, when by his fide I ftand* 
iad by hii own or L*y*s band, 
M; cranted thanks are kindly takeq* 
fi« I pw fait, yet (avc my bacon. , 

CUPJD^ 

P&OLOCUE f« THE ABSENT MAN j 
Jfrktem iy the Jmthor of tbi Fsrct, 

EXi, cvtaxn dca#s op, lift a little to met 
Arc you aU in a very good humour ?— > 
Let*s iee. \}t% 

Caod-homoor yoa have,howe*eryoa came by 
And I'm glad to my foal^ibr by Jove we ihall 

try it. 
Oar farce ia fo very a farce^ Vm in doobt 
li ihe pit and the boxes will (n^r it oot $ 
Btf when were in danger iof fucb a miiiap, 
1^ deir friends abote drown their hifs in a 

clap; 
Aad if yoo are pleased with onr farcical man, 
la fpite of their airs, laogh as load as yoo can. 



»57 

To gift yon a flteich now, by way of por- 
tisying I flaying j 

Hi»'cb'r«^ler*s this—- pray obferve what I m 
An odd kind of wbim6cal, bhioderiog being. 
Who h4S csrt withcMtt heariog, and eyes 
without feeing ; fright x 

Taket things by all handles except by the 
Afk a qucftion in black, he aofwers in «hlte { 
Yes ii*p no, so for yes, -coofuics, miflakci; 
AU he does lb Hke.dreaming, you*d tbtok be 

ne er. wakes, 
Suppofe to backgaoVBon my gentleman falls,^ 
Bvx aod dice in his hand, for ibme water he 

calls, 
*Tis brought in a tumbler, when pop in a trice 
He throws out the Uqaor, and fwallows the 
dice. [cater, 

H^rd fet are poor bards for you p]eafure» to 
And thus one provides for you from the Spec- 
tor, [and nine. 
From Volome tbe firft, page three htiodreA 
Number feventy-feven, be takes hit defiga s * 
Let that be his fsodion for all yoo bch<dd -* 
Can the figure be bad from fo perfed a. mold? 
*Tts polift^d and y,atjpi/h'd as well as he*i able. 
And he hopes you*ll find foaACthing like con- 
duft and fable \ [^iog. 
Yet flili this curfl abfence— In (hort here's the 
If the chara£lej hits, thence his actions all 

fpting; 
And nought will difguft you, and nought will 
alarm you, charm yon i 

You'll tafte every ^oke, and h|s bhindcrs will 
If not — faith we're ail in a terrible fright. 
So begging for mercy, 1 wi£b you good night* 



Am IMPARTIAL REVIEWef NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



ARTICLE I. 
p/OEMfS hw Mr. Gray, I'w. 8v». 
^ Dodfley. 

This it little, if any thing, more than a 
new edition of thofe very entertaining pro- 
dodioos with which tbe elegant Mr. Gray 
kit already obi ged the world, and which 
^ ie well known to all the readers of tafle 
H thiicooniry. 

II. ^im ^cc'jUMi of tbt Mamntrt anJ Cmjlomi 
if Italy, w/V^ Obftr^Mtioni tn tbe Miflaket of 
jmt Tr0^ltrs VHtb rtga rd to tbat Country, By 
joiirph Baretti, a vol S«^. Danes. 

This is a very entertaioiog work, aod 
piiated parricalarly to give the Erig|i(h a 
lipa idea ci Italy, which has hitherto been 
ideally mifreprefcnted by our travel writers, 

tliiy none h> notoriouOy as a medical gen- 
lao who lately n\<>6e a tour to that couo*- 
hj\ Signior Barerti refutes him in number* 
kja lAfiAocct even from his own accounts, 
ipl trufb his caoTe entirely to the common 
ffik of ^i* reader - But to give a fpecimen 
af Sigmer Baretti*t reafoning and ftile, we 
A^ give the public aoeitiaft^from hU ob« 

* Thru Usn b€sd$ (Cftf 



fervatioos on Mr. Sharp's account of the Ita- 
lian Cici(beos, or in other words the univer- 
fal flate of adultery in which Mr. S^arp tells 
us the ladiet of Italy live, as it fo-.ttk one of 
the rroft capital objeAions to their national 
charaAer. 

•* I (hoold certainly have been furprized 
at the temerity cf thefe remarks, if I had 
not been made acquainted with the manner 
by which Mr. Sharp came by his information. 
Ac Naples, it feemr, he got a very fine fel- 
low for a temporary fervant, whofe name 
was Antonio. A true temporary fervant fit 
for any Engltfhman on his travels. 

This Antonio, who, by what T hsvn 
heard of him, piques himfelf much upon hia 
good education, upon his extenfive know- 
ledge of men and manners, and upon hia 
having written comedies, u he fays, full aa 
good as Goldoni's, was the chief oracle coo- 
fulted by his good mafler about the cuftoms 
and manners of Italy. 

Mr. Sharp enjoyed, as I faid, very littlf 
health all the time be was at Naples where 
be wrote the greateft part of the above ri- 
baldry 
•^ f Ah9§Ffaffm. 



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I5« 



BarettiV Remarks on 3Harp. 



Mjircll 



M^ «b0Bt bvAioA, wivefy tad clcifbfo'i. 
At be knew no vativc U»ere» and feldom 
ftw an^ ef his coimtf7incliy the clever Aoto- 
aio wat almoft the only pcrfon, befidet hit 
{vm\y, that be cwild conveHe with. With 
AMonio therefore he nfed to dofet orer 
liifhty and hold a private conference of /ome 
hours. When the cooferesce wat over, 
AbCobio went down to' the kitchen, and 
thcve entertatncd his fellow- fervAiiti wiih the 
•ccosnt of the hook that hb mt^tr wat com- 
^oiifig wi h hit affi{fance. '* How? A book 
^th your ajffiftance ?" *' Yet upon my ho- 
Aoor, replies Ancooio ; and my mafter liAent 
ea^rly to whit 1 tell him of our loidi and 
ladies \ and holdt hit quill in hit fingers, and 
fofptndi my talk evtry miMii^, that he mty 
Ihakc mcmorasdamt of every particular 1 re- 
late : hu' be fore X tell hSm nothing that it 
dliftoDcurable to oor coontry, at I am^ yon 
iww*, always tn Itxtian tn my heart •/* 
' Out ef thofe noble memortndomi it is 
Tery probable that Mr. Sharp formed his iii- 
•eraiy tetters, nat entertaining (he leaft doubt 
abcmC ibe abilities and veracity or hit valet 
de> place; and thus wa« he led into an im- 
aoeofe ebaot of incanfidency and abAirdity 
trtU defetvingi to be en pofcd, u it it by no 
tneans pardonable in a man of hit age» of hil 
4^*nB.tTp and^ of hi 9 ktfowted|e. 
. Thac Mr. Sharp had at Naples this Anto- 
Uto far a fervant, I am fare he will not denyt 
hod he win not deny neither, that he ufed to 
tiofft often with him, hit quill in h's hand 
IcwIbiDehoiMt, taking down memorandumt 
4f tsbat the feHow tfat pleafed to tell hxim 
Mr* Sharp will pcrhapt deny hit having got 
the chief things he hat faid abeut cicilbeo't 
I Antonio, though he held hit pen while 
f prittlnd a^ay in their nightly tete- 
n-tetet. Bat how will Mr. Shaip be able 
to <onrvtc<e any fei>fibte man« that he had 
fiotvk higher people than Antonio, the unna- 
twral and impofiibie thingt he hat toid in the 
pafl&fet ^tfoted above from his book? Now 
will he be able to perfoade, that there is t 
\ift track of land in a chtiftian country, 
where Ibme homiied lheu(aodt of hu (bands 
ore SBoQ regularly and moft inf«moufly 
wronged Ey their wives immediately afrer 
marriage? That thit it a ftfhioa? That 
thofe bnfba&ds know for certain they are 
thos treated, and yet put up with it moft 
uncooccrnedly, and with a perfed acquief- 
cence, only withdr^<»»ing their iirftf/^v* from 
their wives, and thtir far entaltenJirnefsf torn 
thc'tr children, eentmuing however to iivt 
vlth them onder the fame roof? 

Kutbandt and wives in Italy nCeno Ikparate 
^eds, not even in tine hotteft months : this 
ia a notorioos fu&. How then can any rea* 

• tf%at Antonio tad oetajion to te!! afttn to Imi felhto-jrrttanit at Napla% btfruhf tt^ 
"^0 im Kngtand, J nenttr fano bim t^ thii day, (iffohrr 1 6, 1767 ( but tit ajfrmathms €ai 
Jmw motuht ago to my inottk^gr, at writ as to that of aJmofi all tbi ItalioMt now h London* 
'jhftrio, i hear, it hat faitlj tome from Italy 'with t tuw E»ilijh majitr, 

4 . fc 



fonable perfon be broaght to hctieve^ Chit 
all the haihandt of a large counun or thofe 
of the better (bit onU^ (if Mr. Sharp vriH 
have it* fo) are fo utterly ittfenlible to hokioor* 
as to receive to their beds thr warm harlot* 
joft come from the cafinie towards morning f 
And how can he make any one believe, that 
ibme hundred thoiifandt of wives become d| 
harlott immedittely tfrer having quitted th^ 
alttr ? A*^d that thit happcnt id a country » 
according to hit own tccouht, overwheliiiei 
with bigotry and fuperftirion, which impHet 
an exuberance of religion? And that thii 
h^ppsna in a country, where women (ftilt 
according lo hit own tccouoi) tre all Attt 
early in convenes, where it it to be fuppofed 
that religion it the chief Ingredient in their 
education .* What ? No religion in wot^rtt 
who have been taught almoft nothing ii(c 
ftom their childhood to the yean of mttri* 
monial maturity ? No fear, no ihsme^ nm 
modeffy, no continence in that part of tnan* 
kind, which nature hu erginally madrfear- 
ful, flftnlet'ul, modeii, and continent? AbA 
then no ]ffi ;v(y» ro anger, not the leall re- 
fencment tn men, ntadeorigtntlly by natvrw 
fo proud, fo irarc;ble, fo impetuoot ? Ha! 
Nothing but «n in amou^profiicutioQ on due 
fide, and nothing but a perfe£t apathy' on ch^ 
other? And this in a country famed for tho 
qtiick temper and hot imagination of itt is- 
habitants? And Mr. Sh'rp will have it m 
pbtaom^rton newrfeen tbore. that of a huiband 
and wife (hewing themfdvra togethei' in 
public? A«)d ihit Slicked wiv* swill think 
thenifetves di (honoured by keeping company 
with good wives ? If this i^ not aH Antonio*s, 
whofe Aoff can it be ? 

But pray, good Mr. Sharp, U this the* 
true courfe and general progress of nature ? 
Or are the meii and women in Italy or a 
different fpec et from thofe of other coun- 
tries ? Vou may anfwer in a fober hour, that 
nature is pretty uniform every where, and 
that the Italian men and woAien are joft 
fuch creatures at the men and women of 
other countries. But if they arc, of the 
fame fpccies, how do they come to aCt lb 
' diametrically oppofite to all the men and 
tromen of all other countries in marriage % 
that is, in the moft critical bufinefs of life ? 
In a hafiners, which interefts the geiierality 
of human beings infinitely more than any 
other? You anfwer again, that r'r iV /5e V/i - 
mate which makes all Italian luthands fickle s 
and d6 you not fee, my B'itiQi pbilofophcr, 
that you attribute to the climate a power of 
making fo many automatons of human heiogt^ 
ind that you ate abford beyond abfhrdity m 
faying fo? That Antonio himfislf would 
bluih with ihame, if he wu accofed of heifig 



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^^v 



True PiSuTA iff /i^.Italians. 



it fipftil 1 r^^oer on Iramto natarc ? Bat 
i£tki diattc miket fo paaoy auioroatons o£ 
tkIia]iM<» si^ i<^ ^^i" aifiB^iofif and ac- 
liMiaK ta the power of the climaie, and 
MC ia tbetff o«|iy to wh^c «fid do )ou tepre- 
tet ;hca m moft tbomiatbly wicked^ and 
Miovtor^ wi:h ail yitur mighr» to ratfe an 
ahkvvwM ^^ ^^'n ^° T^ur roAiotrymev ? 
Taen^iht aa well have endeavoured to xta- 
teodioot to them aU thoie pecvliar pfoduc- 
MM«f Italy* which owe their eaiAence to 
cbat dimatc. 1 can allow, without a>7 
ptt diftcultyy that the generality ot the la- 
6t» io £oglaod behave with more rtXervc 
aad drcMB^Aion .than thoie of Ii«ly j an4 
loaeafiJybe brooght to believe, th«c nei- 
tkf the opera nor 4he play, neither Ranelagh 
wVamhaUy neither AlmackU nor sMdaxn 
C«naiy*t, can taint, in the kaft, v^e puntp 
if Efl^iib fcaalc virtue, and throw aoy lady 
af bcr smrd. 1 will even allow, that Ve- 
ake 10 partkular is a town infinitely mort 
campkd in, point of chaftity than London 
idcif} and that in Venice, aa well aa in a 
k9 other capital towns in Italy, there are 
fcae women of rank, who have forfeited all 
cUia to the title of virtuous by their uncon- 



'59 



is fUll woift, the Italian ladici, he moft give 
me leave to tell htm, that ho vomits flandet 
all the time he thinks himfelf fpeakiog ora» 
cles { for in the cortvpted city ^ Vetike k* 
felf, there are very many ladies poAefied of 
the moft exalted virtue. It ia tme that thcf 
are not commonly known to the Engliii 
Cravelltrt : but was Mr. Sharp by, I c9oU 
name to him fome of the beft female bcinga 
that ever adorned his coontry, whom I roy- 
fell brought acquainted with fome Venetiaa 
ladies, who certainly gave them no reaSsa 
to be aihamed of th^ acquaintance. 

And how could then Mr. Sharp affirm^ 
without taking fliamt to himfelf, (hac no 
Italian parent loves hii children, when I am 
fore he has feen iz>nnmerable times ianome- 
rable Italian fathers aod mothers handing 
about their little one«, prettily dreded ia va« 
rioui fanciful wayi, and (een them «frencr 
than in any other part he ever vifited? Bar- 
net fays, thi^t the ItaJittnt have m f>afi9U for 
their fgmlits^ whick i# mH knwwm im tbtr 
platn^ and hit obfervatipn is certainly jad, at 
in tbe corroated city of Venice if^lf the 
jraver fort of pedple often find fault with 
the general fondnefa of parentf, even thofe 



caleddebaocheri. But »hilc I allow this of the higheft quality, bccaufe they take to* 



Mr. Sharp ntuft Ukewife allow me, that the 
ypn of thofc towaa in Italy, who have 
tcatotd tfaemfelvcs infamous i* the e^e of 
misg and of rdig^n, may cafily be named 
ia crecy one «f tbofe towni : and the eafy 
nubility of namii^ them implie*, that 
ibcircUrs IS not v«ry nnpierous. Mr. Sharp 
aal allow me farther, that the number of 
tkhdies «tho keep their chara^er unftained, 
ii lb large, aa to render hia general accufa- 
tiom 8 vile heap of calumnici. Add to this, 
tint whatever the manners may be of a few 
hiits (or of many, if Mr. Sharp will have it 
L) ia a few of the larse towns of Italy, yet 
tbe ladies in t^e fmall towns all oyer the 
cavscry are neither better nor worf<- than 
tbofe of the fmall towns sH over Europe, 
•hoe the want of fiof*tl opportunities tbe 
iaffcqocAcy of bad example, the fear of idle 
tosfocs, the facility of dcte£lion, together 
«itb other, motives of a hieher nature, 
aiuch opeiate more In fmall than in laige 
^bcci^ keep women in very good order. 

Had Mr. Sharp been able to make fuch 
itfleftioos he woUld certainly have been 
i«af% that the chara^er of a numcroua na- 
tuft does not depend on a few individuals 
^cred aboot half a dozen Urge towna ^ but 
tbt it d^ends on the many mUltooi con- 
tiiacd^n two or three hundted fmitl oner, 
ni to their territories. Had Mr. Sbaip (aid, 
that fuch a gintildonna io Venice, and fuch a 
ffiniftjfa io Naples are unlverfaUy pointed 
sot fdf their imm')ral conduit, 1 might 
faiJciy have agreed with him. But when 
Mr, Sharp makc9 ufe of collc^ve terms \ 
s^ he fiys tU ytn9tiM Udiet, the Nuipo' 
^ isJteSf fht PUrittUPi iadies, and, what 



much delight in leading their 6o/t aod guia 
aboo: St. Mark's fquare, dreiTed like h«0art 
and fuitana's, or like little (hepherdt and 
ihephcrdelles, and carrying them themieteea 
from honfe to houfe. The reproaches that 
onr numerous fond parents often hear opoA 
this article, are juftly grounded oai the dan» 
ger of making thnfe boys and gt:la too ear^ 
in love with ihow and parade, with dreCi and 
vanity. And how could Mr. Sharp fay that 
the pleafureuf maiden innocence and ip.ight* 
linefs is uttierly unknown, or negle£tcd, in 
Italy ? Did he not fee that this affirmation is 
incompatible with nature, at it impl>es a de* 
gree of brutality in a nation, whofe ptedomv* 
nant chancer according to his own and all 
travelivrs account^ is love and fenfibility of 
heart ? And how could he fay, that. young 
folics in Italy fee one another bat once. or 
twice before the celebration of their maf- 
riagei, when in Venice itfetf it is a general 
cuHom, even among the chief nobility, to 
delay intended nuptials many months, and 
fometimea a whole year, that tbe young com- 
pie may conceive an affection for one another? 
Tuft a little before Mr. Sharp*s arrival ia 
Venice, an intended marriage was fuddenly 
bioke between a young lady of the Barbari- 
go's, and the eldeft Ton of the Procuratorefla 
Zen, (two of the greateft farailits there) 
though the parties had been bstrothnd a full 
.twelvemonth, though all tbe wedding' prepa- 
ratio'is were made, and though the very ep?- 
Ibalamium was printed and ready for publi* 
cation : and this happened for no othf r reafon 
but becaufe thjL bride took a difj^oA to the 
youMg m^n for his negle^ing ro court hcc 
with Uie ufual datly regulatity. Thcfe, Mr. 

Sharpy 



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i6o 



S W I F T'S LETTERS Mardi 



Shirp^ tbeft are the c|i0oms in Venice with 
refped to marriftgei $ and aamagei in all 
ochtr towns of Italy are conCraded jnft as 
tbey are in ^1 other chrifHan countries. The 
|reat generally marry for the fake of alLtalice 
or inreteft, wtthouc much confolting incli- 
nation i and the little do u well at they can, 
exactly as people do in England ^ nor is it 
true, at Mr. Sharp affiims, that we put til 
our girls io convents^ and kee^ them there 
until they marryy at I ihall prove in another 
plsce. For ihame then. Sir, thas to roif- 
take for indifpucable fads all the nonfenfe 
^nd waggery of your temporary footman in 
Naples ! It was your clever Aritoniot without 
•ny doubt, who made yon write down in one 
page, that the NtrnpoUtsnt never dine tegetber, 
•Bd thai there it no fneh cufiem eu to invite 
eaeh other to dinner ^ then in another page, 
that nt NmpUi vshenjon invite five ladies to 
dinner, yatr mufl lay ten plates of ceur/e, hecaufe 
each of them hringt her adsheo with btr. 
How could you be & dull aa not to fee, that 
Antonio led yoo bereintoa f!atoontradidion f 
And how coald you fuffer yourfelf to be 
plunged by him into an ocean of nonfenfe, 
•ad fet opon paper the dory of the three ci- 
ciibeo*s at Florence, the fubftantkl, th« dig- 
nified, and the fanpicker ? Yon meant with 
your book to make the Italians a/hamcd of 
their country { but I am much more aflianr.'d 
of yoo. Sir, who could fwaltow foch Dories, 
and yet walk upon lw» legs aswell as any of 
them. 

III. The frfl Miofnres ntcrffary to be taken 
in the Amer;can Department, %to, ii, 6d, 
NicoL 

This writer argues, and juOly enough, 
jigiinll the imprapiiety of appointing military 
, governors over trading colonief, and thinks 
that men of commercial knowledge would be 
mqch more eligible for the purpofet of the 
public^- We think fo too, but are apprchen- 
five that, the matter will not be feen in the 
ftmc lie^^ for obvious reafoni to the miniffry . 

IV. Travels into Germany^ &c, % vols, 
tvo. DiMy. 

This entertaining work it written by Dr. 
■Nugent, end it well woctb the perufal of the 
pnblic-^*Tis written in the epiAolary manner, 
iind contains, partk larly, a minute account 
4>f the two Mecklenborgt, Screlitc, and 
ySchewrin, wfiere the author, who hat 
written a hifiofy of thofe coontries^ was re- 
ceived with .very great difttnAion, and had, 
^rom hit intimacy with the greattft people 
of both, frequent opportunities of knowing 
carery thing relative to their geniut, charac- 
ter, and (toverfvmcht. 

V. Modern Cboftity 5 «r, the agresahle Rape. 
A Poan, .'to. is. (>d. Durham. 

This is an attack upon the young woman 
who is now profecuting a noble lord it)T a 
rape, and whofe (^oiy of* that rcmaik^Me 
tranfaOion, is now hot a little doubfctl by 
the imeltigcnt part of the pablic. 



VI. Animadverfonn on Mr. Colman*t 7/«o 
State^ with fome Remarks on hie Uttie ftrhen \ 
Piece, called, The Oxonian io Town. Dpdfley, 

If thefe animadverfions are not veqp joll^ 
they are at leaft very fmart, atid Teem cte 
produd of a pen rather ^bove the comaiom \ 
tank cf literary foarlers. 

•VII. The Gentleman* s DireBorji 9^, every 
Man his own Draper, &Ck By Martin Moehe, , 
Tayto", of the Fleet-Prifon, %vo, 11. 6</. 

Thit it a fort of direQoiy by which gentle- 
men may make up their doathes for much 
Jefs than the common prices | *tis written hf 
• poor foreigner, confined in the Ffeer-priibn» • 
who follicitt for the tompafiion of the puUio, 
•nd whom with all our hearts we xecommciid 
to its humanity. 

VIII. The Ring a Foem, addrejed ^ Mrs. 
L m, 4/s. 1*. Wilkie, 

A vile compofition of dulnefs and obfcenit/. 

IX. Letters vrritten by the late JdoathaH 
Swift, D. D. DeanoJSK. Patrick't, Doblin— 
and feverul of his Friends, from the Tear lyzO^ 
to the Tear i ] J^t-.^pisbliik from the €irigiaa/s, 
cotleffed and revifed iyhtMnn Swift, Efp ^ 
Goodrich in Hcrefordftire, % voh, 4/9. haits£ 
the 3</ and ^b, Bathorft. 

Though there muft be a tboofand tpSUn^ 
things in letters between Intimate friexada 
which were never, at the time of their be- 
ing writteft, intended for publication, ftill 
the very triilesof fuch a genius as Swift 
mod be matteirt of coriofity, fince, in the an- 
guarded naomeOtt of the heart, a great man*« 
cbaraifter is much more eafily marked, thaa 
when he car el oily and labor ioufly comma ni- 
catet hi9 opinions to the pubIfc«-For theGs 
reafont we think tbefe additional volumes to 
the letters of Swift and hit friends a valuable 
acquifitioo to the public efpecially as they 
are interfperfed with numberlefs anecdbteo vf 
illuftrious n-.en, whofe "minuter a^ons a^e, 
wholly at leaft, genewlly unnoticed by hif- 
tory— we have already given forae detached 
fpvdmens from thefe letters, but as oar »*- 
view is peculiarly undertaken to give an nc- 
cnunt of bocks, it would look like a flight to' 
the name of Swift if we did not regifter *it 
in our literary department-^we therefore 
give the following extrad from the third 
volume, about the time Queen Anne's f^xnoue 
peace was in agitation, to (hew what very 
little things the greattft miniftert appear 
when they dread a removal from theif ofiflces* 

•' The elector of Hanover's minifter h^e 
has given in a violent memorial againft the 
peace, and caufed it to be printed. Xh« 
Whig lord* aje doing their utmoft for a nrn- 
jority agamft Friday, and defign, if they can, 
to sddrefs the queen againft the peace. Loo^ 
Nottingham) a famous Tory and fpeech maker^ 
it gone over to the Whig fide : they tomft 
him dai!y, and Lord Wharton fayf, \i it Dif- 
mal (fo they call hirp from his looks) will 
fave England at lad. Lord treafurer wae 
hinling a^ if he wifted a UiUad was made t>ii 

Mm, 



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tySs, 



Part y-I m r r ! o c b s." 



iSt 



YdsOf and I wtll get up od^ sgaloft to*mor- 
rov. He ftfc me a kurnloui prioted paper 
of bxd rertes on btnfelf, under the name 
«f the £ngli(b Catiline, and ma^^tJnc lead 
tkcoT to the company. U was hit i>ir(hdajr, 
which he would not tell \t%, but i>ir4 Uailcf 
whUpere4 it to me* 

6. I was this morning tn^kin^ tlu kalla4, 
t«ro decrees above Gfuhdrcecj at nooo I pa'd 
• Ttfic to Mis. Malhamy and then went tb 
iioe with our r>cietj. foor iord keeper 
4iocd bclnw ftairt, I fuppofe on a bit of 
Bwrtoo. We chofc two mem bets ; we were 
ekvto met, the created meeting we ever had t 
1 am next week to iotrodace Lot4 Orrery. 
The printer came before we parted, ami 
Waoght the bal'ad, which made them Jaugh 
«try heartily a duzea timetk He it going to 
pn<»t the pamphlet in fmall, a fifth edition, 
to be taken off by frieaas and feat into the 
coBotry. A Azpenny anfwcr ta coaie outi 
good fo€ nothing, but gueiBog me among 
others for the author. To-morrow is the fa- 
til day for the parliament meeting, ami wc 
are full of hopes and £earf» We reckon w< 
^ve a majority of ten pn our fide in th« 
ho«fe of lords ; yet 2 obferved Mrs. Maiham 
t iitile imeafy 4 Qit afliires me the queen 'is 
ftout. The duke of Marlborough has not 
liern the queen for Come days pa/lj Mrs. 
iJaSuun is glad of it, Kecaufe (he fays, be 
t«lb a hundred lies to his fiiends of what Oie 



the bi(bop of Clogher to-morrbw, and to th# 
archbiOtop of DubKn, if I hwe time. I am 
horribly down atfrefent. I long to knovv 
how lord -treafuTcr bears this, and what re- 
medy he hat. The duke of Ormond cam6 
this day to town, aud was there. 

S. I was Mfly this morning with t>te fe- 
creiary. and falkt ofer this matter. He ho- 
i>ed, that when it was reported this day in 
ihe hondB of kvds, thoy would di (agree with 
their committee^ and fo the matter woufd 
^o off, oo^r with a little lofs of repuratioh tp 
lord treafunsr. I dtoodwiih Dr. Cockburr, 
«Bd after a Scotdi aacmb r came m, and (old 
ui that the claofe was carried againd the 
court in the honfo of lords almoft tiio lb 
one I I went direaiy to Mrs. Mafhaih, an$ 
meeting Dr* Asbtrtfanoft (the qticen's favQur 
rite phyfictan) we went together. She wap 
joft come from^waicing sft fhe queen's dinner, 
and going to her own. She had heard no- 
thing of the thing being ^ne againf^ us. It 
lecms lord treafuser had been fo nrgligent, 
that he was with the queen whik the quef'- 
tioQ wat put in the hoofe j I immediately 
toid Mn. Ma(ham, that either (he and lord 
treafurer had joined with the queen to be- 
tray us, or that they two were betrayed by 
the queen : She pfotefled folemnljr it was not 
the ttrmer, and 1 believed her j but (he gave 
roe fome I'ghta 40 ftxhefk the que«n is 
changed, ^or, yeAerday when the qUten was 



lays to him : he is one day bumble, and the 'going from the bou(e, where (he fjt to hear 



aec on the high ropes. The dake of Or* 
amd, they' lay, wlU be in town to-night by 
twdre. 

7. This being the day the parliament Was 

to mret. and the great quetlicn to be deter- 

SttfieJ, I went with Dr, Friend to dine in 

the diy, on purpoie to be out of the way, 

and we fent our piinter ta (ce what was our 

fjie i bot he gAve us a mod melancholy ac- 

cooflt of things. The earl of Nottil^ham 

bcgao, and fpoke againft a peace, and defired 

that in their addrefi they might put in a 

clanle to advife tlie queen noc to make a 

ftace without Sp^in ; which was debated and 

csrried by the Wh^s by iibout ha voices : and 

this baa happened entirely by my lord trea*- 

fiirer*s aegled, who did not take timely care 

to atke up all his Areiigth, although every 

00c of us gave him cau(ir>n enough. Not- 

tinf^m has certainly been bribed. The 

fonioQ is yet only carried in the committee 

ci the whole, houfe, and we hope whea 

It it rrported to the hoofe to morrow, we 

ibaQ have a majority by (bm« Scotch lords 

J to town. However, it is a mighty 

r ani lo:'s of reputation to lord treafurer^ 

and may end io his ruin, J heat the thing 

ody as the printer brought it, who was at 

the debate ; but how the miniftry take it* 

or sibac their hopes and teats ate, 1 cannot 

t*9 antiJ 1 ice them. 1 HiAl b< eaily widi 

ibefeueury to morrow, and then I wiU fell 

yao suMe, and Oiali write a full accoout to 

March, 1764. 



the debate, the duke of Shrew(b iry, lord 
chamberlam, aiked her, whether he or the 
great chamberlain Lindfay o«jgl]t to lead her 
out, ihe ^fweved (hort, Neither of you, 
and gave her band 'to the duke of Somerset, 
who was louder than any in the hoofe for the 
claufe sgainll peace. She gare me one 6t 
two more inftaaces of this (brt, which coff* 
vince me that the qoeenis fallb, or at lejft 
very much wavering. Mr. MaAam he^ gei 
OS 10 ftay, becao'e lord treafurtr woilw call, 
and we were refolved to f^U on him about hie 
negliRencc in fecuring a majority. Be catxtt. 
and appeared in good hu moor as ufuai, but 1 
thought his counteoatKe was much ca(i down. 
1 ri>Hied him, and defired him to give tnt hi$ 
flaC which he did I I told him, if he would 
Secure it me a week, I wot^d (rt all right i 
He aiked. How f I faid I would ioimcdlately 
tufn lord Marlborough^ his two dacghtcrt, 
the d«ke and duchefi of Sometfet, and lonl 
Cholmondeley out of aH their empioyments s 
and J believe he had not a friend bur was oX 
my opinion* Arbothaott afked. How he 
came not to fecu^e a majority ? He coxild an•^ 
fwer nothing, hue that he could nor help ir. 
if people wo«ld fit and forfwear. A poor 
anfwer for a great inio»<kr. There fell from 
him. a fcripture ekpi^eAion, that •* the hearts 
of kings are onfearchablc.** I told him. It 
was what I feared, and w>.s f.om him the 
worll news he could tell me. I begged him 
to knew what we had to ttuft to 5 he fturk a 
X ' a liitle 



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t62 Behaviour ^f the Pcpuface^ l^e. cenfured. Mar A 



a little; but at laft bid me not fear, fot all 
would be well yet. We would f«in have had. 

.him eat a bit where he wis, but he would ^ 
f o home, it was paft fix : He made me go 
home with him. There we found hit brother 
•nd Mr. fecretary* He made hit fon take a 
lift of all in the houfe of commons who had 
placef, and yet voted afaioft the court, in 
iuch a manner at if they flionld lofe their 
places \ I doubt he is not able to compafs ir. 
Lord keeper came in an hour, and they were 
going upon bofineft: So I left him, and re- 
turned to Mrs. Maiham ; but Ae had com- 
pany with her, and I would not ftay.— 
This 11 a .long journal, and of a day that 
may produce great alterations, and hazard 
the ruin of England. The Whigs are all in 
trionnph $ they foretold how all this would be, 
but we thought it boafting. Nay, they faid 
the parliament flunild be diflbWed before 
Chriftmai, and perhaps it may : This is all 
your d*»d duchefs of Somcrret*s doings. I 
warned them of it nine months ago, and a 
hundred times fince : The feaetary always 
dreaded it. I told lord treafurer, I (hould 
have the advantage of himj for he would 
lofe his head, and I flioold only be hanged, 
and fo carry my body entire to the grave. 

9. I was this morning with Mr. Secretary; 
we are both of opinion that the queen is 
falfc. I told him what I heard, «nd he con- 
firmed it by other circumfiances.* I then 
^tnl to my friend Lewis, who had fcnt to 
fee me. He talks of nothing but retiring to 
his eflate in Wales* He gave me reafons to 
hel'.eve the whole matter is fettled between 
the queen and the Whigs ; he hears that lowi 
Somert is to be treafurer, and believes, that 
feoner then turn out the duchefs of Somer- 
fet, ihe will diifolve the parliament, and 
get a whiggifh one, which may be done by 
snanaging ele^Uons. Things are now in the 
crifis, and a day or two will determine. I 
kavc dciired him to engage lord treafurer, 
that as foon as he finds the change is refolvcd 
on, he will fend me abroad as queen's fecre- 
tary fomewhere or other, where I may re- 
main till the new minifters recal me ; and 
then I will be fick for five or fix months till 
the ftorm has fpent itfeif. I hope he will 
grant me this; for I ihould hardly truft my- 
felf to the mercy of my enemies while their 
anger is frcfii. I dined to day with the fe- 
cretary, who aifc£b mirth, and fcems to hope 
all will yet be well. I took htm afide after 
dinner, told him how I had feived tkem, and 
]>ad alked no reward, but thought I might 
afli fecurity; and then defired the fame 

. thing of him, to fend me abroad before a 
change. He embraced me, and fwore he 
would take the fame care of me as he would 
of htmlelf, &c. but bid roe have courage, 
for that in two days my lord treafurer*8 wif- 
dom would appear greater than ever ; that ht 
fttflfered all that had happened on purpofe, and 
had taken meafures to turn it to advantap. 
I (aid Cod fend it| but I do sot believe a 



fyllible ; and as far as I can judge, the gaine 
is luft. I Oiall know more foon, and my let- 
ters will be a goodhiftory to (hew you the fieps 
of this change. 

VII. ^ Utter on the Btbaviour of tbt Ps- 
pulact on a late Oceafan, in tte Proceditre 
agaittft a noble Lord, /« Italian W Eogliih. 
8v0. 6d. Bingley. 

This is a difpaffionate appeal to the pub- 
lic, in confequence of the invedives thrown 
out againft Lord Baltimore, who has been 
condemned by the mob before he has been 
tried by the laws of his country, and this 
too at a time when the circumftance of bis 
being readily bailed by one of the greateft 
magillrates which (his kingdom ever boaOed, 
(hould, in the opinion of every fenfible man, 
be confidered ts a very ftrong argument in 
his favour. The lower orders of raaokind, 
however, are always extremely happy, when 
they have the lead opportunity of cecfuring 
their fuperiori, yet if the public really knew 
what Lord Baltimore has fuflfered, thdr re- 
fentment would be turned into pity, and th? j 
would find him, at Shakefpsar pathetically 
expreflfes it, << A man more finned againft 
than finning.** 

' We are informed by the pamphlet that ^ia 
porter in endeavouring to oppofe fome who 
were rufhicg into the houfe of hi? mafler, 
received a blow, to which, I am told the co< 
roner*8 inqusft have given in their opinion 
he owed hit death. What a (hock muft thi 
be to a mafter, who, beftdes the lofs of \ 
faithful fervant, has the afflidtion to confide 
that it was in his defence, and for doing hi 
duty, that he was r.urdcred ! 

His lo'dOilp had a daughtir of about -four 
teen years of age, allowed by every ooe thi 
knew her to be endowed with the rooft amis 
ble qualitiet, fupremely beloved by hiizi 
And who on feeing therifing of the peopl 
and frightened at the danger of a father who 
file tenderly loved ; finding herfelf too left I 
him, without her knowing what waa tl 
matter, (he fell into convulfive fits, and 
three days died. 

Hard indeed ! Says the Tetter writer to ] 
correfpondent, you will once more fay, 
all this to happen, on nothing more than \ 
prefumption oi fo improbable a guilt \ \ 
well vou may fay fo on this cccafioo, and 
be in the wrong. 1 fuy the fame, and na 
rally inclined as I am to take the part of 
unfortunate, even though I do not perfoa 
know them ; I can unaff^Aedly ailure ^ 
that at the inflant I am writing this to 3 
the thoughts of fuch a deep diftrefs fo ^uicl 
my feelings, that my heart bleeds at it. 
do not you the more for this terurn to ; 
exclamation of '^ O cruel laws t O barba 
country !" 

In what fault are the laws, and 
fliould it be imputed to a whole people, 
fome wretches, under pretext of seal, 
to arrive at their ends, ftould, unwarra 
by any the leait legal authority^ attetr 



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1768. rbt MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER. 163 



iioKiU^ entry into the houfe of a nobleman 
«f great property, and munier his porter, be- . 
fide« other outraftei ? You are to know that 
this triUy tragical ad was committed before ' 
the woman bad uken that oath which maket 
yOQ (hudderi confequently before any war- 
raat cooM lye iifned thereon. Can you pre* 
tend to find out any regulation that will ef- 
fedoally reilrain men*s unbridled pailioni? 
The laws qsay punidi, but they cannot pre- 
heat cnmea. Inconveniences being, humanly 
fpeakinj;. inevitable in any government 
vhitfocver; and however inftituted by the 
wifcft and juileil legillature, the weight of 
them muft fall on fome one, and, in that 
cafe, his mitrortone is like the damage 
caofed by a thoodeibol'', or an earthquake. 
Fmaily^ to corroborate by a refpe£table au- 
thahty, all that I have faid, to evince that 
there ia not always to be drawn a confequcnce 
ilf bdaoM to a government, for what damage 
is folFcred under it by an innocent perfon, lee 
me recommend to yon the perofal of the ful- 
laving paflagc out of Machiavel, which 1 
iucy muft h4ve flipped your memory. 

'* If a (uhytGt flionld, in the ordinary courfe 
of law, be oppretfed (even though wrongfully) 
there follows on it little or no difturbance in 
the cooimonwealth, becaufe the execution 
will have been done without private violence, 
and without foreign force, which are the 
th>«ss that deftroy the liberty of a country j 
hot it vrill have been done by tht civil power 
aad anthority, which have their appropriate 
htfondi, not do they tranfgrefs them to any 
degr ee that might fubvert the comou>n 
weakh." 

Happly however, though oor mobi are in- 
ieeaced by prejudice, our courU of juft.ce 
aie not, and there we have feen with what de- 
gBseof rrafon fuch torrents, of abufe have been 
coatineally poured out upon this^ unfortunate 
nobkman. — The Italian part of thii pamphlet 
i| Boeh '.iiperior to the tranflation. 

X, The Advatarti 9/ Mift Beverley, inttr' 
^ffjtd Vfirb ^ennint Memoir i of a nortbtra 
iMy cf^alitjt 2 v:ii, St/o. Bladon. 

Tho(c wno find a pleafure in perufing the ' 
ctSeaary produ^ofts of a circulating libiaiy, 



#ill probably think their time not ill bellow, 
ed in reading the adventures of Mifs Beverley. 

XI. The Companion fir tU Fin-Side, or IVtn^ 
ter*s Evening Amufenunty &c, I W, £v», 
Cooke, 

This is a compilation of well known ftorief 
taken from the newfpaper and other periodi- 
cal publicitioni. 

XII. Ibe Summer 'boufei or, the Hiftory oj 
Afr. Morton and Mi ft fiamftead, a vo/i. 8v«. 
Nuble. 

We doubt not but this novel, like the ge- 
nerality of thofe books which are 611ed with 
love .and tendernefs will have its admirers 
among the boarding fchools, round the me- 
tropolis, as its well enough calculated to give 
our young iadica an early inclination for huf- 
bands. 

XIII. The happy Extravagant \ §r, the Me* 
MKuVi •/* Charles Ci^airville, £/f} % vols, 8v«. 
Noble. 

Frefli food for the circulating library, and 
perfeAly of a piece with the generality oi 
fuch produ£lions. 

XIV. TbeDifirefim/e^ cr, the Hijlcrj cf 
Eliza Windham, s voU, itino. V^'illcie. 

There is goodnefs of heart in this little 
work; but no goodnefs of composition, and 
though we, fubfcribe to the benevolence of the 
author, we cannot pay any extraordinary com- 
pliment to his abilities. 

X V. ^ Sentimental Journey through France 
and Italy, by Mr, Yorick, 2 vols, ixme*. 
Becket. 

This is the beginning of a work which 
death hu commanded never to be iiniihed— 
The author's great talents notwithftanding 
his diCregard of order, are uoiverfally knoarn,. 
and though fome illiberal pen h^s meanly en- 
deavoured to injure his reputation,' byn'nt- 
ing at his want of wifdom* Aiil we may fay 
in his own words at the conclufion of Lefe« 
vre*s Aory, that if the accufing fpirit B es up. 
to heaven's chancery with his indifcretions, 
it will bluHi to give them in, and we doubt 
not, but the recording angel in writing them, 
down will drop a tear upon each, and waih 
il away for ever. 



THE MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER. 



SuN*>AT, Feb. 28. 
WTf 5^^ H E houfe, &c. of a farmer, at 
Wi^^S^J^ Rcdwick, in Monrooathlhire, 
were confumed by fire, with 
nine cows and calves, a id a 



WlNMf >e^ fow and pigs. 

^W. Jl/*\ TuiSDAY. March i. 

The ibcicty of ancient Britons, previous to 
^eir annual fernv>n and feaft, waited on the 
irjice of Wales, who prc(eiucd. them wiih 
Kf guineas. 



Ended the fe/Tions at the Old Bailey, when 
Benjamin Payne, John Alders, John Tap- 
ping, for different robberies on the highway, 
Ann Robiri/on and Sophia Revell, for Burg- 
glary, received fentence of death ; as did alfo 
Mr, James G.bjTun, the attorney (Seep, 53.) 
(orty-tight were fentenced to traofportauon 
for feven years, tw.o for fourteen years, two 
were branded, one pul>lickly, and Teven pri- 
vately whipped. Alders, Tapping, Revell^ 
an4 Robinfon, were af;awards reprieved. 

X 2 TUKSOAY 



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j64 Tbt MONTHLY CfTRQNOLOGER. March 



The h\\mr\n% billt receired the royal af^ 
(tat by a coiomilfioo, previous to his roajcf- 
ty'f soiDg to the Hoofe of Petif» r\t. 

The bill for graoting to hit majeftya cef« 
tun fvm out of the Baking fond, and for ap- 
flying * certain fum remaming thereint for 
the fcrtice of the prefent year, — To raife %■ 
c^tain fdm by loaat on Exchequer bilU, for 
the fervicft o/ the prdeot yeaiv— To raife 
I)9co,oool« by annuities and lottery, for the 
fetv ce of the preient year.— For redeeming 
the remainder of the joint flock of annuitiei, 
eft2blt(hed in the third year of hit prefent 
majeify'f reign«— 'To apply the fom granted 
fw the pay and doathing of the militia fdr 
the praCent year.—- For better i»«ving» cleanf* 
ing, and enli^tening the city of London^ 
and the liberties thereof) Arc.— To amend tn 
adt for the bettter regubting .joufneyanen 
taylortt writhin the weekly bills of mortality.- 
•—To amend and render morreft'e£iual in hia 
majefiy'a doiminioos in America, an a^ of 
this felBon, for punifliing mutiny and defer* 
tiofli ftc—To continue feveral afts for the 
better encouraging the whale fi0iery.— For 
ibore eafy and effVdual recovery of the pe- 
naltiei and forfeitures infli£Ved by afts^ re- 
citing to the trade and revenuea of the Britifh 
colooffts io America. — To explain and amend 
the laws touching the eleflions of knights of 
the (hires in England fo far at relates to 
olerks, appointed' to take <be fald polls. 

And alfo to feveial olhes poblic and private 
htlis. 

TnUKSDATy IO. 

Mil maj«fty gave the royal aifent to fome 
private hillsi after which he made a moft 
graeious fpeech. (See p* 152*) 
Friday, ii. 
The patliament was diflblved by proclsma* 
tion, and writs were ordered for the eledlion 
df a new one to bear tcft March la, and to 
be returnable on May zo. Another procla- 
mation was.ifTued for eleCliog the 0xteeo 
Scots peers on April 26. 

W1DNI8DAY, 16. 
The elcAIon for fom* members, for the 
city of Loodon, came on at Guildhall, the 
candidates being the Right Hon. Thomas 
Narleyr lord mayor> Sir Ibebert Ladbroke^ 
knt. Sir Richard Glyn> bart. Aldermen 
Beckford and TrcCothick, Mr. Deputy Paier- 
fon, and'John Wilkes, £{9; and after hold, 
ing up of hands, the Lord Mayor, Sir Robert 
tadj^roke, Mr. Beck/ord, and Mr. Wilkes, 
were declared by the flkeriifs to have the ma- 
jority, A poll was demanded in favour of 
Sir Richard Glyn, Mr. Trecothick, and Mft 
Pater fon, 

WxDNisoAT> ai. 
At the^clofe of the poll, at Gtaldhall, the 
numbers ftood, as follow i 

The Lord Mayor 3719 

S r Robert Ladbroke 3678 

WtiliaQi Beckford, Efq; 3402 

Ihrlow Trecothifi, li!^ t^^y 



Sir Richard Glyo [J823 

John Parerfon, Bf)} i 69 

John Wilkes, Efqj 1247 

The conte(^) during this eleOIofi, wae- 
very warm, and papers and addrelles to the 
public were every day publifhed, as ofue1» 
for and againll the ferer^l candidates. Mr, 
Wilkes feem^d to be the dar)ir»g of the nK>b« 
end fome indecencies were committed by 
thofe gentry in and about the hall* A fob'v 
fcription was fet on fo&t, fuccefsfuHy, for pay- 
ing that gentleman's debts, and there appear* 
cd the follow irtg copy of a letter from bim, 
to Meffrs Nuthall and Francis, fbliicitor an4 
deputy follicitor of the treafory* 

«* S I R, London, March xa^, 1768, 

I rake th'^ liberty of acquainting yoo, that 
in the beginning of the enduing term I 0»»H 
prefent myfcJf to the court of King's Bench. 
I pledge my honour as a gentleman, that on' 
the very firft day I will there make my pet* 
fonal appearance. I am, fir. 

Your moft bimible fervant, 

JOHK Wilkes, 

At the commencement and the cl&re of* 
the poll, the feveral candidates addiefTed the 
livery in proper fpecches upon the occafwn. 

Mr, James Oibfon, the attorney, and Beiw 
jamin Payne, were executed at Tyburn, Mr, 
Gibfon was favoured with a coach to the 
place of execution, and behaved with manly 
fortitude, inS great devotion. Payne behaved 
with great penitence. 

Friday 25, 

At a common-hall, the right hon. tfre 
Lord Mayor, Sir Robert Ladbrqke, Mr, AU' 
derman Beckford, and Mr, Alderman Tre- 
cothick, were declared-duly elr^d reprefen- 
tatives in parliament for the city of London, 

After lofing bis eleAion in the city, Mr, 
Wilkes dedzred himfelf i candidate for th« 
county of Middlefex. 

Saturday, 26. 

After a trial of nineteen houis, Lord BsK 
tlmoreandhii tWo female accomplices were 
acquitted of the rape on Mifs Sarah Wood- 
cock, (See our tafV vol. p.686.) 
Monday, 291 

The eleftion for Mrddletcx came on tr 
Brentford, when Mr. Wilkes and Mr. Cook« 
were declared doly ele^Jed, 

Two pots of young oaks have been prefent^ 
ed to the Royal Society, from Wf, Altoo, 
botanick gardener to her royal highnefs the 
princefs dowager of Wales at Kcw. They 
were raifed from acorns of the year 17^6, . 
which had been prefcrvcd in wax from the 
>2d of February, 1:67, to the beginning of 
December, 1767, whin they were comnrnt* 
ted to his care, by defire ©f the Royal Socie- 
ty, to try. if they would vegetate, and ther^ 
arc already twenty five young oaks come up 
out of the thirty- four acorns which were 
fown. At the fame time the manner of 
prefervirrg them waf communicated to the 
earl of Morton,' prefident of th% Royel So- 
cietal io 9 leU(r from J. Z'Am, £fq; of 



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1768/ rbe MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER. 165 



Ct«7V1lH», r. R. ». «ber«4n Mr. BilW Wm 
Aew Imw to vttnA tde icaMug heat vf the 
vn, vrbicll H apt to dcArdl]f cfae ferai of 
XDcft (ccda indolH in it. By this m«tho4 
tb« flioC Taloable fctit may b« btoagbt fi «m 
tbc rcoiocHI p«rct of th« tank tit a frowmf 
ftatr, wliicb may ift tin« bv o/ cooA^eraUa 
afe to tho tra^c of ovr Aanrnoan colonitt. 

A c0Kacei Ooar Bo 17, ia Sa0«11t« was 
bcdy confuflic4 bjr ftrei aad as oM wamaa 
f UbtJ in tbe ia«ie9. 

The king *i pardon, aod a reward, arc of- 
fered for rbe axfcovery of tb« perfont, who, in 
fbe nifhc bctiarccD the ft4thai>d i . th brokt 
ofA aod tabbed tb« €«ifto»-b«i»f«, at Biid- 
bagBM, in Yorkfliire. 

hk th« fWI w«ek of January 17^7^ the 
nStof of Ackwonb-, in Yortcfhire, lavtted 
tbitty tttfw of Irit fatiikioMft to dint with 
hta, »i«. twency-ooe ntro and eifhteen wo- 
■ea, who^ie a^ ea amounted to 97 S4 3 and tfl 
theM week of laft Jaooary be iovircd fcr* 
ft of bii parHkieners to 4mt with him, vie. 
aroetceo men and twenty-ooe wofflea, wboiif 
afrt amounted to 1SS5. 

We are informed rrom Abboy-Lmderooft 
in Combvrfiod. that a woman, called JanO 
F^refter, who trrtf in Ihat parifll, it now in 
rbe tjStb year af her age. When Cromwell- 
h tfkftdi bc cky of C^rlifle, in tbo year 1646, 
Ae can remember that a borfe't head fold 
fer 29. 6d. before the garrifim furrcndered. 
At tlie martyrdo!n of K'ng Cuarlea I. (he 
was BUMfre» years of af«« At Bramaton, 
abovt 6x years ago, ihe mtde oath berore the 
esmai^&oriera in a chancery fuit, to have 
kaowa t*ie eAate, the ri^ht of which was 
then diipotcd, to have been esjorcd by the 
ancetors of the prcfent heir 10 1 years. She 
bach an only daughter Kfi^» sged 103. 
A^ «e are forther informed, that there are 
ii women now Itvrog in the lame pari(b 
•beie ike refitfcs, the youngeft of whom is 
aiB«cy«nhM^ yrars of age. 

A( tbe ti^nt^, at Svjifbnry, (even perfooo 
vczc capitaUy convt^ed, one of them for 
»isitet ; at Cloocefler eight, fia of whom 
we^ rroricved } at Maidftone five ; at 
ATkfl>vvy three ; at Winchefter four ; at 
Hrrdbrd ten, &r of whom west reprieved. 
Oxfari wiS a maiden aflfize. 

Diibliq, Feb. ao. The following is his 
necScMy the lord tientenam'a aniWtfr to iho 
ariirels «(f the honosrable Hovio of Com* 
saoss: 

GentteiiTnii 

I rdorn you fnj mo^ (mcere thanks for 
tk t ki<«d ind honourabie addfef*, and am ey- 
tresMly hapfy that my cndeaToais with bis 
r<a}efty. m favour of the bill, for limiting 
tb? ddcatjottof parliaments to .this kingdom, 
&ave proved eff^doal, and fa(isra£lory to you { 
t^d 1 do not donbt but that this iigaal in- 
lbac< af bis majelly^s graeious compliaace 
vitli tbe wrihes of bra. faitbfol crmmooay 
•)& « all ocfafioos men witli that seal aod 



g r atU o d t wfeieb bis pattina} goodbeft do* . 
ferves; (Seep, nil.) 

ExtrsB rf * Uti^rfrtm NeW York, dMtd 
March 4«« 

*• Tbrrc are |flow four brrgi, ftom f&ttf . 
tofovonty tonr^ and fifteen armed dtckod« 
cffterv, 00 tie l«ake Onttrio 3 by means of 
tbefc tbe navigation of thtfreat Lakes, and 
a oew trado, will foon bo oftabliHied. eqoal 
almoft to that wbich wc now onjay fiom U» 
vtral BritiAk iflands/* 

By tbe Philadelphia, Capt^ MGill, arrived 
at Liverpool from Angola and Antigua, we 
bavo a» account of the lofsiof tbe Aoop Ve» 
not. Cape. Wildieg of that port, laft Oflo- 
ber. The cucumftances are as foUaw : Tko 
▼efliel btiog in the river Coikgo# and thn. 
captain (as cuftonnry) bavittf a. fadof|r oa. 
(bore, wbera be kao purcbafed about fixxj. 
ftaves, whicb wOVoon board tke Venus ) the- 
king of that country having been affi-onted' 
a few weeks before b^ Capt. W. beloaging 
to London, by hia intriguing two or three of 
tbe free tra 'era 00 boards and kcepinf tbem 
prifoners fome time, and afterwardj taking 
tbem to Cape Benda ; to replica which tho-. 
king infixed 00 Capt. Wilding either giving 
up nis Aoop and cargo, or lofe his Hfe | tho 
capuio made propofaU of giving him twcntjr 
Oaves and fome gooda, but that wooJd ttoCdo# 
the injured kioff was determined to have all 
or his head, which obitged kim to deliver 
up hia vaSel and cargo : At the fame time ft' 
Frenchman trading there, from C<pe BendOf ' 
in his long* boa', Aured the (ame ratr« Hsh 
likewife feot to let the king or Cape Bendo ' 
know, that if he did not procure him foAl*. 
cient refiitotian for the injury done him amii 
his country, (from ibips trading tbere) b* 
would immedvitely raifc kia forces and Uf* 
watle his country, which bo might eafilf. 
do being mnrh more powerful. Tbe Venuty^ 
after being in poieflion of tbe natives f<^e 
time, (moil part of the flaves and cargdi 
landed) was blown up. occafiooed by their 
attemp ing to fire the fwivels, as a filote t» 
a boat that was pafliog them with the tradera 
on board, which Capt. W. had reUared at 
Cape Benda) who were returning to thtir 
native coootry.— Captain M'GiH alfo brings 
an account of the Nancy Waddington, ffooi 
Bonay, with 366 dA^ctf at Antigua* 



DCATHt. 

Feb. 17, TpYringham Stqihcnr, Efq; ft 
1 commi I'oner of tbe Vifttnf- 
ling«oBiee~3;^i. Lord Sherard, only fon of 
the earl of Harborough.-^Honi George- Ed- 
ward Pakenham, uncle to Lord Longford^- 
20. Rev. Mr. Richard Baron, a bsptiit mini- 
fler, well known by kis writing!, and hts 
warmth, and even emburrtfmi in tbe caufs 
of liberty. 

Lately. Jofcph Jordan, Ef<f; m*ny ycai% 
f oaful-gfoeral in Gallicia^ aged fcTeoty-eight 

C.-oflc 



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i66 



Ecclesiastical Preferment*. 



March 



-^Crofle Ooting* Biq} iged fixty-thret— Pe- 
ter Randolph, Efq;. a wealthy piaster, in Ja- 
snaica — John Harris. Efq; late member tor 
Barnftapie — Rev. Mr. Penmngton, preben- 
lltry of LiacolOy Ssc^Ktw, Dr. Chardin 
Mafgrave, provoft of Onel College, Oxoa>- , 
Robert linighty of Laogold, Nouuigham- 
Ahi, Efq;— Robert Braod, Efq} formerly a 
Sottth-fea dirodor->Mrf. |«ynch, youngeil 
4a«ght«r of tbe late archbiihop Wake, and 
reliA of the Ute dean of Caoterbury- Relid, 
of Sir John Haliburton, bart.—- Tnomat Ste- 
vsnty Efq; late an Eati- India commaader— 
Mrt. Mary GouU, morher of lady Le De* 
fpencer-^Sir Henry Sioclatr^ of Longfermacut, 
baft.*— John Hucton, Efq} a cemmiAioiitr 
of th« petce, in York(hir« — Ca pc. Jimet See* 
pheni, late of the royal artillery, a brave offi* 
ccr— '^William Ord, Efqj « commiflioner of 
tb« peace for Northamberland—Commodore. 
Thomas Harrifon, of the navy— Hon. and 
Kev. Charles Caulfield, uncle to the carl of 
Charlemount— Mary, ducheft dowager of 
Someifet, mother of the prcfent doke*« 
l.ev. Dr. Robert Smith, mafier of Trinity - 
college, Cambridge->Benj. Scrimfliaw, of 
Langley, Herts £(q ;-.>ReT. Dr. Garner, 
hiocher of the bifhop of Clogher— Peter De- 
'vifmo, Efq; late an Hamburgh merchant- 
Thomas Freke, Elq; a commiffioner of tho 
peace for Dorfetfliire — Rich^d Harvey, Efi); 
9n attorney of the palace coDrt-^Mr>« 
Vaughao, wife of the member foa Merio- 
nethAiire~-Dr. Martin, one of tbe abridgert 
of the Philos. Tranfa^ons, and a learned 
phyfician— Sir William Halford, bart. fac- 
ceaded by his nephew now Sir Charles Halford, 
kart.— Mr. John Haggart, prinrer in Chan- 
cery lane-.Mrf. Wyhbam, fif^cr of the vif- 
ceoot Say and Sele— Lieut. col. Hunt, of the 
city militia— Mifs Palmer, daughur of 
Charles Palmer, of Iflngton, Efq^ — Francis 
Herring. Efq, a merchant— Pendocic Price, 
El'q; a commiffioner of the peace for Kent- 
Major Ball, of Dingley, in Norihamptonfliire, 
aged S4. Sec WgbJoMd regimettt, in our Gtnt" 
rod Index, 

iPcCLXSXASTYCAL PaBTZSMKNTS. 

Frtm the Lon don Gax b t t c • 

WHITEHALL, Jan. 30. R*. rev. Fre- 
derick bi(hop of Ciovne, is traaflatcd 
to the fee of Derry, in Ireland— Feb. a. 
Acv. Mr. Shanbury, is prefented to the rec- 
tory of Stoke-Clymefland, in Cornwall— 16. 
Jlev. Dt, Chailes Agar, dean or Kilmore, is 
promoted to the biiboprick of Cloyne, in 
Ireland. 

From th4 Ttfi 9f tbi Fapen, 
R.CV. Henry Bate, is prefented to tbe ree- 
lory of Highcombe, LncolaDiire—Mr. Shcb- 
besrc, to the re^oiy of Eift-Tborndoa, 
£ir«x -Mr, Waircn to a prebend of Ely — Mr. 
Fletcher to the vicar«ge of Stoddcrflcy, 
WilU^Mr. Allcu^ to the rcdcry of Ultle- 
5 



Chart, Kent— Mr. Thorpe» to the living 
of Ch Uingham, in North umb^rUod — Mr* 
Lewis, to the living of St. George the Mai- 
tyr, Southwark— Mr. Bentley, to the vica- 
rage of HemiTieilWorth, LiBcoinibire---Mr» 
Lyon, to the vicarage of Wariicld, B.rks-^ 
Mr. Waldron, to the redoiy of Rufwick, 
in WorceAerthire — Du Hinchdif^, to the, 
*XBafteiihtp of Trinity- col'ege, Cambridge- 
Mr. fitckextoo, to the re£tory of Whimpie-, 
Hay, Wilts— Mr. B(xck;ier, to a prebend of 
ChicbeAer — Mr. Humphreys to the redorj 
of Greete, Salop — Mr. Parker, to the vi- 
carage of Stockiiy, PevoQ— Mr. Bowen, tp. 
iht redlcries ol Buckenham and HafiiAghaBk, 
Norfolk. 

A difpenfation pafled the (eal to enable the 
Rev. Samuel Pipe, M, A. to hold the re^osy 
of Trent- Walton, and vicarage of Crozali, Der- 
by/hire — To enable Mr. Warton to hold tbe, 
redories of Lcveringtoa cad SjialewoU, ia 
Cambridgeihira— Mr. Hod (on, to hold the 
vicarage of Thornton and tedory of Sacd- 
hui ft, l^ent^Mr. Webder, to hold the rec- 
tory of Nor;h-Mims, Hcrtfbrdihire, with that 
of St. Stephen, Coleman-ftreet — Mr.Curtois/ 
to hold the redory of Peter- Hanworth, with 
that of 6ran(h>n, Linedoihire— -Mr. Whallcy,, 
to hold the vicarage of Horfley, Suny, fviih 
the united redoriea of St. Margaret Pattens, 
and St. Gabriel Feochurch in London— Mr, 
Buller, to bold the redories of Hooghtoa ac4 
Wonilon, Hanrs — Mr. Eafton, to hold the 
redorics of Bark^oae, and St. Mary Btdbroke^ 
Lincolnflure. 

PaoMOTiONS Civil and Military* 
From th* Lou von Cazxttk. 

WHITEHALL, Jan. 30. Richard 
Steele, of Dublin, Efq} is created a 
baronet of Ireland— Feb. a* Richard Suttoo, 
WiUiam Blair, and William Frafer, Efqraiare 
author! fed, by commiflion under the great 
feal to eaccnte the office of keeper of the 
privy, feal, for fix weeks, &c. — Davi4 
Cuthbert, Efq; is appointed a commi/iioner 
of excife in Scotland, in tbe room of George 
Burger, Efqi appointed comptroller chcreot, 
drc. — Thomas HarriA>n, E qj attorney-^eae- 
ral of Jamaica. ^ 

Feb. 16. Lient. Gen. George Howard, 
governor of Cheliiea hofpital— rLieut. Oeo« 
John MoAyo, governor of Minorca, Port- 
mahcn, &c.— 22. Francis Laurent, of the 
GrenadeS) Efq; was knighted— 23. Robert 
Sandford, Eiqj it appointed governor of Oa|« 
W4y, in Ireland. 



FOREIGN AFFAIRS. 

CO^JSTANTINOPLE, Jan. a. Th^ 
i6(h of USt month at night, % fit* 
brok.c o«t in the quarier 9f Sulua Ach* 



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!;«». FOREIGN A F P A I *1 S. 



esr's fno(<}ue and ootwichftanding tht Grand 
Ssifnior mu prefent, and the utmoft diligence 
*M aid to Ibp the progrefs of the fldmes, 
ikj boafes were redaccd to afhc*. 

Coaftantioople, Jan. a6. They wrirc firom 
AMinoplc, that ihe river Maritf, which 
trarerfes that city, hath faddenly overflowed 
in binki, and with foch im{>etuofity, that 
hfwept away a great number of houfet, the 
ithjbi'ants of which had not time to lava 
the r litcs. 

Warfiw, Feb. lo. We are a0bred that 
Ae foppreffiioQ of the jurisdiAion of the 
BBadttoie hafe been approved and adopted, 
la^dutin confequence thereof there will 
fee formed a fynod or ecclefiaftfcal council of 
wbfcli the primate it to be prcfident. This 
iribwal wiii decide, in dernier refort, all 
Uk ecclefiaftical caufei at have hitherto been 
«»r»«d to the court of Rome, or bid befoie 
tke laecio from that eourc refiding here. 
Tbetix on ihepope't buHt will be abolifhed, 
watleaft reduced, and a regulation made 
R(pediog tithe>. An ambairador is to be 
fctuotbe court of Rome, to Micit an ap- 
F<*>tion of the general regulation, which 
^ be agreed on relative to all the above 

Warfaw, Feb. 13. It as been agreed to 
•wfi'in the tteaty concluded with Ruflia in 
16U, m the form in which it ejcifts in 
ibtirchiTet of that emfire, and not as it 
»MpBWiflicd in Poland, 

The great commiffion contiiMe their dc- 
liberifions with the greatcft aflTiduily, that 
tift miy b« able to complete the bufinefs 
»iith they have under confideration before 
^ Ui. inftant when the diet will meet 
'pia. Meanwhile we are ' alfur^d, that 
rt« ae# dufiet on wine, brandy, beer, and 
«^ liquors will not be finally fettled till 
tie ordinary diet, which is to he held in De- 
ffsfer next. Several new difpofnions have 
fe«a aade coocerning precedence in the fo- 
sse. 

Wirftw, Feb. 27. When the ftates met 
n the loth. they idjournel to the 26ih» 
VeAeniiy Prince Radzivil declared that the 
(otaaiffioo had concluded all the bufi- 
»«^wlli«bhad been brought before themj 
*»^ tbe primate defired that the diet, 
»bicb wai to break up on the i^ of March, 
»;htbe allowed to fit eight dayt more. 

fHsce Aepnin has confented that thefe 
vtrdi fhall be inferted in the treaty which 
» ftiag to be figncd wthout pre'fudic* U the 
ir^ttj ef Oltvia, tr that of Cd'/jVfitz^t STc, 
Tl» Roifian troops are loon to leave Poland j 
fcae regiments being already in motion. 

Tile com mi fli inert have fixed the public 
c^nbotiuDS at twenty-three millions of Po- 
aa larini per annum; and h^ve ordered n 
t^aijeof one hundred millions 01 filver, and 
t^sht millions of copper. . 

Peteribyrgh, Feb. 9. The cmpiefs hath 



<^7 



TStificd, with the greateft fatisfaaion, tb4 
treaty concluded lately at Copenhagen by 
the baron de Saldem, her minifter plenipo" 
tentiary, with thofe of the king of Denmark 1 
by whieh the differences which fuhfifted be- 
tween their majefties, ralative fo a part of 
the country of Ho\i\t}n, the patrimony of the 
grand duke, have been amicably Kcommo- 
daled. 

ExtraSI ef a Utter from St. Petfrfturgh^ 
Feb. 23% . 

•* On Satifrday laft iiis excellency Count 
Czcrnichew, her imperial msjefty's ambaflfa- 
dor tothe Biitirti court, was plcafed to invite 
the-wbole Britifh faftory, cflablifh^ in thi« 
place, to a mafked ball and a moft fplcndid 
fupper at his own palace, at which were pre. 
fent many of the Ruffian nobility, and all 
the foreign miqifters. Nothing could exceed 
the magnificence and elegance of the enter- 
tainment, except the politenefs with which 
it was conduced, and the attention which 
their excellencies the count and countef* 
were plcafed to &ew to every perfon of tht 
Br.tifli nation. Such a diftingui/hed maik 
of regard to OUT country will certainly race« 
with a fuitable return of honour and rt(ft€t 
on his arrival, to the increafe of that mutual 
confidence already eftabl.lhed between the 
two courts. Hts excellency will probably fet 
out in May, as foon his countcfs's health 
will permit after her lying in, which it 
Aortly fxpcfted," 

Copenhagen, Feb. 16. A few days ago tht 
king fcnt to the Society of Sciences eftablilh- 
ed here, a conflderabla fum of money, which 
is to be divided into a certain number of 
prizes to be beftewed on fuch authors who 
fhall have furniflied lit beft works on fom« 
points ofphyfick, mathemallcks, and hiftory. 
^ Stockholm, Feb. 5. We have received ad- 
vice, that the Sieur Juleufchold, intendanC 
of the court, and receiver of the rents of the 
unircrlity of Upfal, is become a bankrupt for 
nine or ten tons of gold, to the great furprizc 
of every body. 

Vienna, Feb. 17. A general orfcf hat 
lately been publi(hed, confornnble to the one 
that was given out for the court lad January, 
to regulate the mournings throughout her 
imperial majefly's dominions, fixing the dif- 
ferent periods of each, from the decpeft of 
fix months to the fl'ghteft of a week j and 
forbidding entirely the wearing of velvet, da- 
mage or fat in, upon thefe occafions, and of 
filks and fluffs of any kind, that arc not the 
man ifa£lure of the country. 

Vienna. March a. The earthquake, 
which we had here on the 17th of laft month, 
was not To fcnfibly felt at Prcsbourg as in this 
city ; but as it was flronger at Newftadt, about 
thrvr^e poftn from hence, in the road to Italy, 
it rs imagined it came to us from that part 
of the woild. There is fcarct a houfe aC 

Newftadt 



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1 68 



FORE-IGN AFFAIRS. Marek 



Nevrdadt ^At hn mot fu/fered moie or Itib, 

arid the Ko;al MUitaxy Academjr tb^re hu 
been To much damaged* that it i« computed 
the repairs will amount to thirty thoufind 
flortni at leaft. There it no account of any 
livet having been loft. It waa computed by 
the aftroaomer of the Jcfoiti College bere» 
who was at that inflaot in the ObI«i?atoryy 
that the earthquake hfled with us thkty fe- 
coodf, in which time* he fayt* he feic more 
than an bondred (bocks. 

Hanau, Feb. la. YeAerday afternoon a 
courier palTed here ia hia wajr to Dfefdan* 
with the agreeable newi* that prince Cle- 
ment of SazoA/y biihop of Freinogoeo and 
Rati-bon* had been defied on the laih, 
archbifhop and eledlpr of Triers. ^ 

Hamburgh, Feb. zS. A discovery has 
lately been made in the duchy of Mecklenburg 
Sitelitz of a brafen chei>^ which was concoalt 
cd under a high bill, and contained thirty 
idols, with uras and infttomenu for Cacri- 
^ce. On the back of the largcft of tho 
idolt, the words Radfgbafi Rbetra were very 
legible. The pieces are all very good gold, 
and weigh together ahoot fifteen pounds. 

Naples, Feb. 6. Thje junto appointed ft>r 
the adminiftratlon of the efeds of the jefuits 
have ordered fale to he mude of every thing 
they poOcHed. and which were found in their 
houfis, ^rms^ ice, to a very conGdcrable 
amount. 

Florence, Jan. 30. In eonfequence of 
•or fovereign*s orders an exe^ lift ia making 
oat of all the moaafteriea and cccJeiiaftical 
cftates throughout this duchy. 

Florence, Feb. iz. The great ducheft 
was brought to bed this morning, between 
four and five o'clock, of a prince, and both 
are as well as can be expe6ed. [This prince 
has been baptised by the name of Francis* 
Jofeph Charles- John } 

Milan, Jan. 3?. Ttie government his ap* 
pointed a coramitilbn, compofed of four law- 
yers, to examine into the revenues of the je* 
fuits fettled in this duchy, their expencet, 
their adminiftration with regard to vatious 
Icgaciev, to hear their reafons, and to 
find out the oauixe of the eftates which they 
poiTefs. 

Turin, Feb. ay. His Britannic roajefly 
having been gracioufly pleafed to appoint 
the earl of Carlifte, now at this court in 
the progrefs of his travels, to be one cf the 
knights of the moft ancient and noble orilcr 
•f the thiAle ; and having defircd the king 
of Sardinia to reprefent his m^jefty in cre- 
ating his lordfhip a knight, and invefting him 
with the enligns of that order, his Sardinian 
Oajsfty very readily agreed thereto, and ac- 
companied his confent with many expref. 
fions of «ffe£lion and good-will towards the 
king of Great Britain : And accordingly the 
ceremony wai performed ihis day in the 
ofual mmaer. 



Parma, Feb. i«. In ihc eigbt 
the 7 th and Sth inft. all the jefuits in the 
territories of Parma were expcUed at the 
fame hour> without any difiurbance« The 
old hofpital of St. Laaarut, near thai city, 
was the place where they were brooght tof^ 
ther, except one parry, which took another 
K^id, but fell in with the reft in their way 
to Bologna, which was appointed for thtit 
general rendesvoua. A si^agiArate was it- 
puf ed to go to each of the houfes betongiog 
to the jefuits, to isgnify |be rfifant^s com- 
mandf j and the ne;U morning a pragmatic 
fanAion was ilTued, declaring the profcrip- 
tion of the order. Ac the fame time aa 
otdinance was iflued concerning the public 
places of learning, whercis new profc-nbrt are 
appointed to fucceed in fuch departments as 
were occupied by Jcfuia. 

Parmif Feb. &o. A ceruin writing ia 
form of a bull, from Rome, has come to our 
knowledge here } but as the exprcffions and 
maxims thereto contained could not proceed 
from a pontiff fo holy, fo enlightened and lb 
Otgadous, as is the prefent reigning pope, the 
infant duke hath ordered all his fubjeAs 10 
believe that in cfT^dt this piece does not Come 
from his holincfsj enjoioing them, at the 
(ame time, not to fail in refpoft towards him; 
and forbidding ihem to moleft, on that ac« 
count, a<iy of the fubje£U of the court of 
Ko{|ie. (See p. 120.) 

Geneva, MarcK 1 j. The great and le^ 
couiuals piefented this day to the general 
council a plan of reconciUiatioo, which wai 
accepted by 1104 voices agaioft iwentj- 
tbiee« Tins event has given great pleafure, 
as it opens a profped of trSiiquility li» lang 
wi/bed lor in this city. 

Paris, Feb. %%. They write from Cadis, 
that the orders of the king have been exe- 
cuted, v^ith regard to the jcfuita of t'aragoay, 
without any refinance \ and that the if»haM* 
tants, who were thought to be greatly attach* 
ed to them, made not the lead commo;ieo. 
and only iigaifitd their regret on account of 
lofing them.r 

The king halh purchafed, of the creditors 
of i\\c Jcfuits, the houf.* of the rape for 
ioo,»oo crowns i- and their habitations for 
800,000. 



•^* ff^< cannot f fnvt our mftfi-hitttm imp^f 
tialitj, refuft the inftrti«n •ftbe letter from tht 
0Mtb»r a/ An appeal, &ff. buf, « it it Jk Urgt 
fw bofe he xmll txcnff its appearance in tv>i or 
three months running The piece frsm Amanda^ 
and wtany otberi m proCe and ^>erfty roctivrd 
front tar gtnerout corrtfpoodeotSy loi/l bovf a, 
place as Jeon as pifjpbk : fVe never ntgleS tbetr 
fanfttrtf but fir ft come, or fen/porary pixrSt 
drA fctved. The lifts for Mttcb, Wiif bt <«• 
ftrted in 9ur nixt* 



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The London Magazine. 




GENT LE man's Monthly Intelligencer ; 
For APRIL, 1768. 



Anecdotes of John Wilkes, Efq; 171 
Eogroffing a very ancient Pra£^ice 172 
Ltffs againft Riots and Rioters 1 7 3» 1 74 
Remarks on a late Pcrformanca 175 
C^t for the Cholic io Horfes 176 

Tke Hillory of the lalt Sefiion af Par- 
liament, &c. &c. 177-*! So 
State of the Controverfy with The Au- 
thor of The Appeal, &c» iSo**iS2 
Remarks on the Pump- Water of Lon- 
don 9nd on the Methods of procur- 
ing the pureft Water iSz— 186 
Obrervation? on didiUed Water i86 
Court of Mecklenburg- Streiitz de* 
'. v.- » 187, 188 
Remarks on the Trade of the Coiony: 
of Mai&cbafeftt^s Bay, 'compiirea 
with its Trade in 169s 
Fifth Letter frbni RoufTeiu 
Blenheim Houle defc^ibed 
With its Paintints 

Deicriptioli of Wilton- HoufCi iti St'al 

tuei. Sec. ^ 195 

A few approTed Prcfcriptions . 1^7 

Do the controverted Text in Ephe- 

fiani ' 198 



i88--^Z92 
191 

194. 



A Rebuke of the Men, by a Lady 199 
Cafe of the Divine Legation a 00 

On Romans viii. 19. 201 

A Queftion folved ibid. 

Cafe of the Duke of Portland, &c. 10 1 

— .zd6 
Life of Pope Sixtus V, 106 — 210 

Poetical Essays 211 — 215 

Wilkes's Letter to the King a i 3 

Letter from Oxford 214. 

Maxims, by a Gentleman ibid. 

Impartial Hiftary of Lord Baltimore's 
Trial for a Rape 215—210 

An Impartial Review of New Publi- 
cations -20 

l^rieflSey*! Principles of Government 

Rife of the Italian Opera 222 

Inoon^ftencies of Baretti 223 

The Monthly CwRCNOLOGEit 224. 
Marriages and Births $ Deaths 22S 
Ecclefiaiiical Preferments ibid. 

promotions civil and military ibid. 
B-nkr-pts; courfe of Exchange ibid. 
Foreign Affairs 167 

Stocks, Grain; Wind and Weather 170 



WITH 

A PORTRAIT of the CELEBRATED Mr. WILKES, 
iineiy engrared, from an Original Paintings 

AND 

A View of Dr. BAi^t y's elegant Hon fe and G^ardens, at Twickenham, 

LOBTD-OM: Printed fbrR. BAtmviN-, atNo. 47, in Patcr-nofterRow J 

Of whooi may be had, compleat Sets, from the Year 173?, to this Time, neatly bound of 

ftitched, or any Angle Moiith to complete Sets. 






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1 S-1S if a "a^irWif fjjr*' "rice 



THE 



London Magazine, 

For APRIL, 1768. 




Wnt ¥^^^ ^ ^^ ^^^^ given our 

C ♦ *>a|^ J readers a portrait of 
'*-^*-*jj^-* Mr. Wilkes, it will 
A TQ becxpeftedwefhould 
V% accompany it with 
"m fome anecdotes of 
WW ^^** extraordinary 
^^^ pcrfonage, which we 
do, as briefly as poflibTe, referring 
to the volumes of the London Maga- 
dfie, where the particulars may be 
kufid at large. 

^ JOHN WLLKES, Efq; late member 
U parliament for Aylelbury, in Buck- 
bgbamfliire, the reputed author of the 
North-Briton, No. 45, publilhed on Sa- 
torday, April 23, 1763, was taken into 
cD&ody on the 30th of that month, and 
all hii papers (eized, by a warrant under 
i^t hand and feal of the Earl of Halli- 
fax, one of the fccrctaries of ftate, di- 
rtied to four of his majefty's meffen- 
^rs : btreupon a motion being made 
n the Court of Common-Pleas, then 
fitting in Wcftminfter-Hall, for that 
^pw, an habeas corpus was granted, 
tet could not be fued out till four in 
^afternoon of May 1, and, though 
tins known fuch a writ was granted, 
Mr. Wilkes was fent to the Tower, 
»idioiit being permitted to fee any of 
ta friends that might attend upon him 
hatt who were feveral times repulfed 
& xhetr applications. On May 3, in 
^ aoming, upon a fecond habeas 
irp«f, the return of the firft being 
ufioent, Mr. Wilkes was brought 
^ to the Court of Common Pleas, 
(^ere he made a fpirited and fenfible 
pefth» ^tiog forth the hard (hips he 
adiofered, and the cafe being learn- 
dy argued by eminent ferjeants at 
Mr, both on the fide of the crown and 
heprilbner» the court took till Friday 
Ibf 4y to confider the cafe and give 
heMpimon, remanding Mr. Wilkes, 
manae, to the Tower. On the 
ift mentioned day he was again 
sAfoty 1768. 

f Sti Londt Mag. 



brought up to the court, which he 
addreflcd^in a fecond fpeech, in which 
he obfcrved, that " the liberty of all 
peers and gentlemen, and what touches 
me more fenfibly, that of all the.mid- 
dling and inferior clafs of people, 
who ftand mod in need of piote6(ion, 
is, in his cafe, to be that day finally • 
decided upon ; A qusftion of fuch 
importance, as to determine at once, 
whether Englifh liberty be a reality 
or a fhadow." Then the Lord Chief 
Jullice, Sir Charles Pratt (the pre- 
fent Lord Chancellor) ftated the 
matter in queftion, and pronounced 
Mr. Wilkes^s commitment, was not 
illegal } but that his privilege of a 
member of parliament was not de- 
ftroyed, as he was not charged with 
treafon, felony, or breach of the 
peace 5 therefore the court ordered 
him to be difcharged, on account of 
his privilege : Hereupon Mr. Wilkes 
again addrcfled the court, returned 
his thanks for their upright decifion, 
and was attended to his houfe in Great 
Gcorge-ftrect, by an infinite multitude 
of people, with univerfal acclamations. 
He, that very night, wrote to the fe- 
cretaries of ftate. demanding his Jiolen 
goodsf which he faid, he was informed 
were in their lordlhips poflcfiion, and 
nexf morning applied for a warrant to 
fearch their houfes, which was refufed 
him. Receiving an anfwer from the 
fee retaries of ftate, which was not fa- 
tisfaftory, he made a bold and fting- 
ing reply. Whilft he was in the 
Tower, on May 4, he was difmifTed 
from his poft of colonel of the Buck- 
inghamftiire militia, and befo/e the 
end of the term an information was 
filed in the court of King's Bench, at 
the king's fuit, againft him, as author 
of theaforefaid North-Briton, No. 45*. 
We muft now obfervc that at the meet- 
ingof the parliament, the paper inii- 
tled The North Briton, No. 4Si w«« 
Y « refolvcd 

1763, /. %^i^%^f 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



AmcdoUs of Mp, Wilkef. 



refolved to be a falfe, fcandaloui, and 
fedittous libel, &c. and it was ordered 
to be burnt by the hands of the com- 
mon-hanjgman • : Notwithftanding 
which Mr. Wilkes complained to the 
houfe of a breach of the privilege of 
that houfe, by the imprifonmentof his 
perfon, the plundering of his houfe, 
the feizing of his papers, and the ferv- 
ing him with a lubpcena, upon an in- 
formatioi^ in the court of King's 
Bench i but, the houfe refolved " that 
privilege of parliament does not ex- 
tend to the cafe of writing and pub- 
lifhine^ leditious libels, nor oueht to 
be alTowed to obftru^ the ordinary 
courfe of the laws, in the fpjcedy and 
cffeflual proljccution of fo heinous and 
dangerous an offence :" Mean time, 
on Nov i6, Mr. Wilkes was wounded 
5n a duel by Mr. Martin f, whereup- 
on his phjrficians attending the houfe 
and certifying liis then hn^uifhing 
Itate, the order for his attending the 
houfe ?vas put off to Dec. 16, antl, up- 
on further rcprefcntations, to the 19th 
of January 1764., before which time 
Mr. Wilkes had retired into France, 
and on th^ faid day, he was expelled 
the hou^e and a new writ ordered for 
the cledtion of a meniber for Aylef- 
bury, in his room. On Feb. 19, 1764., 
he was found guilty, at the court of 
king's- Bench, for the republication of 
the North-Briton, No. 4.5, with notes, 
and for printing and publilhing the£/^ 
fay on Woman \ j but had obtained be- 
fore, viz on Dec. 6, 1763, a verdift 
againft Mr. Wood, late undcr-fecrc- 
t try of ftnte, with ipool. damages, for 
feizing his papers, &c. when the lord 
chief juftic6 gave his opinion that gt'- 
rural ^warrants were illegal. Mr. 
Wilkes alfo brought a^ons againft 
Lord H — , the furviving fecretary of 
itate, but being outlaived, about the 
clofeof the year i764> that noble lord 
made ufe of'^ the plea of his being an 
outlaw, to ftop proceedings §. Under 



April 



this ftate of outlawry, Mr. Wilkei 
has refided in France, and oUier coun- 
tries, an exile; from his native ikies, 
fupported, it is faid, by the contribu- 
tions of hisfriend.> in England, divid- 
ing his time between ftudy and plea- 
fure, which, the remembrance of hi] 
many perils from m — 1 revenge, the 
defperation of a Forbes, the lunac) 

of a Dun, and the wounds of , 

had not the power to dcftroy his rdift 
for : Two or three tiqies, )ie is faidj 
upon delufive hopes of pardon, t< 
have vifited London, and at Icngtk 
has had the boldnefs, though dill ar 
outlaw, to put up as a candidate a 
the general eleftion for the city o 
London, the fate of which is wcl 
known; and for the coi|jlty of Mid 
dlefcx, for which he was elected bi 
a great majority. Whatever his fat 
may be, and however feyerely hi 
enemies may arraign his private fail 
ings, it will never, can never be dc 
nied, that his fteady oppofiiion to ille 
gal general warrants, has been, ani 
ever will be of lafting benefit to th 
fubje6ls of this kingdom j that, if he i 
not virtuous, he is a lover of i&irtue 
and a friend to the civil and religion 
Liberties of mankind 5 which wc hav 
no doubt of his difplaying upon all f\i 
ture occafions, if he (hould fit in t\i 
Houfe of Conimons g. 

To i(fe AUTHOR of the LONDO] 
MAGAZINE* 
SIR. 

LOOJCING over lately our excellei 
EngU<b hiftorian Matthew t*ari 
I obferved ^ paifage in him, wbic 
(hews that engroffin^xz 7^ very anciei 
pra^ice. I vH\\\ give yoi; a ^rrinila^io 
of it, and place a copy of the origin 
at the bottom 4. Anno 12 j8, *« Wb^ 
there was fqch a fami^^e as had be< 
hardly ever heard of, fo that mai 
pcrilhed with hunger, and a feam, i 
hor^-ioady of whea^ vyas (btid for nil 

♦ SuLond, Mag. 1764, p, 187, f^feq\ 337, 9 fitji f See^tio^ 1763, Jt. 6iS^ 
X Sfi dittOi p. 613, 644, 646. ^ See dtitOi i7^> P* ^^^* aSy. 
II See tbe Cbronologer $f the lafi and the prefeni month. 

4- Cum fames Ugrueret inaudita, ita ut mgkt iufmftipjis eontabefcent^s vtBrer^ 
iur, tt fumma frumenti Londmt novem *vel amptiuj foliiis 'vemiereiHr, afplicHem 
ibidem de partibus iranfmarinis^ proeurante rege Alemoffmce Ruhar^^ circii 
quinquaginta naves magn^, enttfta frumento^ hordeo^ et pane : ^ auhmatM^H 
edi^a regio, ne ahquis civium LonMnenfitim de blado Hh ediquid emeret ad rtpemi, 
dum in Comer am ^ ut indigentibus carius et po/fnianiibust fecundum fuam confusim 
nem<t 'vendti ent, Sl^a infames babebantur diSi cs>vsSf . quod in tempore carij 
ii^ves <wdualibus onufias vel fubdoU a*verterent, *velinfolidum em^rent^ ut 
flacitwn eorum ea vfmkpM p(ifiiuk^t^us. Mat. Parisj cd» 1640, p. 963. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



1768. 



LiPJos agatnfl Riati, 



>7J 



iiifluin or more at London, ther« ar^ 
rived m that port from beyond Tea, by 
Iht procurement of Richard, king of 
the Romans, [fecond (on to King 
John, and brother to King Henry III,] 
aboat fifty large vefi'eU laden with 
wheat, barley, and bread : and the 
king iiTued out a proclamation, that 
none of the citizens of London (houid 
boy any •f that corn to hoard and 
lay up, in order to feil it dearer to 
the poor, and fuch as defired it, ar- 
arMng to ibeir cuflom For the faid ci- 
tizens were accounted infamous, be- 
aufe that in time of dearth they ci- 
tb^ deceitfully kept back (hips loaded 
with viauals, or bought up their car- 
goes, to fell them ag^in at their plea- 
fere to fuch as required it." 

re tbt PRINTER, He. 
S I R, 

I Happened to be out of town at the 
time of the fcandalous riots and ex- 
cefe which followed immediately after 
the Middle/ex election ; but I have 
been very attentive to the feveral pub- 
Ijcations whiah have fmce appeared in 
3«mrs and the other papers on that 
liib)eA, both condemning and defend- 
ing the violent proceedings of Mr. 
W--S and \i\% abettors, in which I ob- 
fervc much cen?ure lias been thown on 
the K — 's principal minifters of ftate 
for being abfcni at that time, when 
aii good government feems to have 
been loft in riot and confufion. I 
heartily wifh in common with every 

good fubjea, that his m y may 

ahrays be furroundcd with able and 
fiithfu) miniAcrs, who may keep 
t^try thing difagreeable far away from 
the amiable prince who now reigns 
o?cr us } but at the fame time I hope 
that no fuch idea will ever be propa- 
gated or eftahlifhed as that theft ciiiea 
arefubje^ to anarchy or pillage, when- 
ever ihe firft lord of the treasury or 
principal fecretaries of ftate happen to 

be in the country. Proper magiftrates - ^> - „ 

are appointed for theadminiftrationof prfon, feeing ot*ers aauatty engaged 
pifticc, and due keeping of the peacej in a riot, ftiali join them and aifift 



la*Wt wheii they are tnfbnned of ^juf 
breach ot the peace, to ofe their vlU 
moft endeavours to apprehend and 
bring the offenders to jufticei And 
yet, as far as I have been infcpned, 
not one magiftrate had the fpirit to 
exert the very great powers which the 
law has armed them with to quell 
fuoh tumultuous aflemblies. It haa 
been matter of ft ill greater furprize to 
me that after thev may be fuppofed to 
have recovered from the panic into 
which they perhaps were thrown by 
the fuddennefs of the danger, they 
have not had the goodnefs to warn 
all good fubje^ts from the hazarda 
they run by beginning or abetting any 
violences of the like kind with thote 
which have fo lately difgraced the po- 
lice of thefe cities. Having now 
waited a coniiderable time without my 
expe^ations being anfwerf d in this re* 
fpe6t, though very unequal to the un- 
dertaking, I have ventured, upon 
a principle of humanity, to reduce in- 
to one view what I underitand to ba 
pojitiui la<iu againft fuch proceedings^ 
for which I have not thouj^ht it necef- 
fary to quqte ray authorities, as the 
fources from whencelhave drawn thena 
are i'o well known. I make no doubt 
but if you iiifert the inclofed, and it 
fhould be deemed ufeful informatioa^ 
that it will be transcribed into the 
other public papers for the fake of all 
his majefty's good fubje^s, and ae 
fuch i conclude myfelf 
Na la>ajugf4r, km a Refpe6ler ofiU Lawe 
as tbi faumiiatiott aadfecmritif 9fidl 
True LiBaaxT* 



A RIOT ta where three or 
perfonsbeing afTembled together, 
do fome unlawful af^ of a private na- 
ture by force and violence to the 
difturbance of the peace \ and thou^ 
tliey fiiouid affemble together at MS' 
in a peaceable manner, yet if they af- 
terwards do fome deliberate riotoiia 
a^, this is a riqi9Ui afimbfy^ and if any 



and if the k— 's m'lniltcrs had been 
h*re, unlefs they bad been Included in 
the number of ikofe magifeate* with- 
in the precindts where the riots hap- 
pened, they cuuld have been of very 
Gttle ufe. It is the doty of the (heriff, 
of the Jttftices of the peace, and eycn 
«f every conilablc, as mimjicrs of tbi 



in a- . 

them therein, b^ U as much a riotfr ao 
if he had at ^(1 aifembled with them 
to that intent, nor (haU his preUndtstg 
thai be came imtoceMtfy into their com-^ 
pany a^a'il him : Woaaeo alfb may bd 
punifhed as rioters. 

The flierifF and iufticea of the peaco 
of any county, or any om of them» 

kavinx 



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'A fdlutary Caution. 



17+ . 

havipg notice of a riot, muft endea- 
' vour to rtmove it, and ma> call out 
the pO'TVir of tbi county , if need be, to 
fuppreft it, and (hall apprehend the of- 
fendenu ^^^ P"^ t^^^ii i>^ prifon till 
delivered according to law. 

By the common law rioters are pu- 
niihable by fine and imprifonme/it, or by 
the ■pillory. But by the Stat. i. Geo. 
I. it is ena^ed, that ifanjf perfons, to 
the number of twelve or more, unlaw- 
fully and riotoufly ailcmbled againft 
the peace, being required by a juftice 
of the peace, or any other magtftrate 
by proaamat'um in tbt king's nanUf to 
dilperfe themfelves, fhali neverthehfs 
continue together an hour afterwards, 
tbtyjball be guilty of felony nvitbout benefit 
of clergy : .And perfons thus afTembled 
and continuing together are to be ap- 
prehended and carried before a juftice 
of the peace ; and if in reiiftance the 
rioters are kilUdy the perfons concerned 
in it fball be indemnified, Alfo by ano- 
ther claufe in the fame ftatute it is 
enadted, that \^any perfons, being rio- 
toufly a^embled together, ihall demo- 
lifh or pull down, or begin to demo- 
lifli or pull down any boufe^ &c. tbey 
fkfidl fuffer death as in cafes of felony 
nvitiiut benefit of clergy, 

Jiaving ftated the beavy punifhment 
infti^ed both by the common and fta- 
tute law on all diilurbers of the pub- 
lic peace, and on thofe who mix or 
join thcnifclves to fuch riotous afl'em- 
blies, however innocent their inten- 
tions nuy be, I hope it will be a cau- 
tion to every one of his majcfty's liege 
fubjeds to follow thfeir feveral occupa- 
tions quietly, and not to put them- 
ielves m hazard of an infamous' and 
premature death, by committing fuch 
enormities as only ferve to difgrace 
our happy conftitution and govern- 
ment ^ and on this occaiion I cannot 
help obferving, thatthe principal foun- 
dation of Mr. W— kes's defence 
againft general warrants was, that 
every man's boufe it bis cafile^ in which, 
under the protection of the law, he is 
fecure from any iofult or abufe what- 
ever i and yet tbofe people, who, with 
the name of, IVilies andLibertjf in their 
mouths, put fo many of their fellow- 
fubje^s in fear by attacking tbeir boufeSf 
and compelling them to put out lights 
contrary to their inclinations j thofe very 
people, by fuch violences, were guilty 
of dL^remttr brtacb of tlut fecurit/ 



April 

which we claini under the law, than 
what was extrcifed upon Mr. Wilkct 
by virtue of the general nvarranti, 
which are now held in fuch general 
abhorrence. 

As I have already (hewn the penal- 
ties incurred by thofe who have beem 
or may be guilty of any fuch riqts or 
tumults, fo I think it may not be im* 
proper to inltruft thofe who may be 
well difpofed to fupport the laws, and 
under them to provide for their own 
fecurity ; that upon the great pnnci« 
pie, that every man's houfe is his caf. 
tie. Lord Coke has laid it down to be 
poiitive law, that any man may ufc 
force to defend his own houfe, and may 
aflemble his neighbours and friends to 
keep it again/l thofe who come to rob 
or kill him, or to offer. him any *violen€g 
therein contrary to law j and in eafter- 
term, in the 39th year of the glonoui 
reign of S^ueen ElivMbeth it was refolved 
by all the judges, that not only every 
juftice of the peace, (beriff, and other 
peace officer, but euery other fubjeS 
of the king, may arm themfelves torc- 
iiil riots, rebellions, or public difturb- 
ers of the peace and quiet of the realm | 
but the judges there recommended it, 
as the more difcretc way, for every one 
in fuch cafe, to attend and be aflif- 
tant to the juftices, flierilf, or other 
peace officers in doing it. 

All thefe laws are {q plain, that they 
require neither explanation nor obfer* 
vation to be made on them : I fliall 
therefore conclude, with my iincere 
wiflies, that every honed man may, 
like the good Samaritan, confider 
himfelfas a neighbour to, and readily 
go to the aflillance of, any man he 
may fee in danger or diHrefs; and 
that all the other magiftrates (taking 
example from the worthy gentiemant 
who, for the fionour of the city, now 
prefides in chief there) may on anj^ fu- 
ture occafion exert themfelves with a 
fpirit becoming their ftations, well 
knowing that in fo doing they have a 
right to command the power of the 
county to their aid and afliilance ; and 
let all rioters confider into what a mi- 
ferable fituation tliey bring themfelves^ 
for if, in refinance they are killed, the 
perfons concerned therein are indem- 
nified by law ; and if they furvive, and 
are discovered, tbey are fure of being 
bangedp even for the ii*ft offence. 



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1768. Remarks on a late Ptrfdrtmince^ 



trs 



r§ tU AUTHOR of tbi LONDOK 
MAGAZINE. 
SIR, 

IN the reign of Edward VI. George 
Van Parre, a Dutchman, bein^ 
oonvided of faying, that God the Father 
noas the only Gody and that Cbrifl *was 
met the 'very God, was dealt with to ab- 
|UFe, but perilling in this belief, was 
condemned and burnt in Smithfield, in 
April, 1551. 

Biihop Burnet relates, ** that, the 
man had led a very exemplary life, 
for fafting, devotion, and a good con- 
verfatton. Thefe things, he farther 
remarks, (i. e. burning fuch men to 
death) calt a great blemifli on the re- 
formers : It was faid, they condemned 
cnielty only when a6led on themfelves, 
bat were ready to practice it, when 
tbey had power. The papifts made 
great ufe of this in the next (Queen 
Mary's) reign. And what Archbilhop 
Cranmer and Bilhop Ridley (authors 
of Van Parrels puniQiment) fuffercd in 
ber time, was thought a jufl retalia- 
tioB upon them by that wife provi- 
dence, that difpofcs all things juftly to 
ill men/* So far this wife, and up- 
right prelate. 

And fuch I doubt not is the fcnti- 
Bent of every impartial perfon, that 
theie two bifhops, however worthy in 
ether refpe^ls, defcrved the ci-uel fate 
they met with, tor their barbarity to 
one who diflrred no more from them 
than they differed from their popi(h 
perfecutors. 

Not tfb fays a modern proteftant di^ 
vine, Mr. Gloceftcr Ridley, the late 
biographer of Bi(hop Ridley, who thus 
praifes the bi(hop for this cruel deed, 
for which the divine jullice feemed juft- 
ly to have overtaken him ; ** The like 
Katence (of burning) was executed 
upon George Van Parre, a Dutchman, 
for denying the divinity of our Savi- 
our ; Bifhop Ridley being a com- 
mifiioner, and figning the fentence of 
excommunication. Mild and gentle 
as his nature was to every modeft en- 
quirer, though in error, he would 
jM>t br^k the laws in being in indul- 
gence to ohftinate blafphemers.'* Biftiop 
Ridley's Life, p. 166. 

Such is the humanity of ihh life- 
wrirer, to ilile a man an obltinate 
blafphemer, after fuch a t^llimony as 
Bui^oet gives tp his moral cbara^eri 



and Aich his merciful chriihm temper 
as not only to give his (lamp of appro- 
bation to the bilhop's burning of this 
man, but moreover to intimate,. that 
were the law for burning heretics ia 
forcfc, he would put them in execution 
againft fuch modeft inquirers, as Vaii 
Parre, and this, readei(, at a time, 
when by means of the invaluable wri- 
tings of Dr. Samuel Clarke, and the 
careful fearch of the holy fcripturcs 
which he puts men upon, all the 
thinking part, both of clergy and 
laity, throughout the Britifh domi- 
nions, are fully perfuaded that God the 
Father is the one only God, and Jefus . 
Chrift, a divine prophet, fent by him 
to teach his will, and the way to life 
eternal. 

Had Mr. Glocefter RidJ«y been en- 
lightened with the pure light of the 
gofpel truth, or infpired with its bene- 
volent fpint, he would have frankly 
owned the bifhop^s great crime, but 
would b«vc ofl^red, at he might have 
offered, fome things to extenuate his 
guilt, though none to clear him } as, 
that he was not yet purified from the 
malignant errors ot the chiurch of 
Rome, in which he was educated,, and 
in which fuch barbarous proceedings a- 
gainft heretics, continue canonized to 
this day ; that it was the error of the 
times, and almoft all thcfirft reform- 
ers ; and that Calvin, for an herefy 
of the very fame fort, hunted after 
the 1)lood of the learned, unhappy 
.Servetus, till he brought him at laftto 
die at a ftakc. 

One is concerned to fee the charac- 
ter of this bifhop, fair and anriable as 
it is upon the whole, fo much injured 
by the prejudiced reprefentations of 
this writer, who has equipped him 
throughout with his own intolerant 
high-church notions, not attending, 
that the bifliop, though bred ap in 
them, had quitted them himfelf.before 
he left the world. His adverfity had 
brought him to a better mind, and 
his converfations with his fcllow-pri- 
foner, Bifhop Latimer, had opened 
and enlarged his charity for thofe that 
diffented trom him. 

I fhall produce you, fir, two in- 
ftances of this, in that curious confc- 
jence which thefe bifhops held toge» 
ther in their prifon a little before thsir 
deaxh, in wliicb the piety^ humility. 



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^yS Curtfn tht Cb$Uc in tiorfesl 

and great ^ility of Bifbop RidkjF 
cannot be too much •comfDtmled. 

And I (ball msikc mj ^ocstions 
from • Mr. Glocefter Rfdley*t «^rk» 
which lies open before nie« 

Page 459. Rid1ey> iitcamber^ %ri(fi 
liii pre)iidicet concerning the unity of 
tbechurchr ai to be retained by M 
meant, and necefikry to faivation \ and 
advancing, that the feA of the Aral- 
baptiftf, and herefy of the NoVatitni^ 
dttght of ri{^ht to be <:ondeittned, for - 
aikiuch ai without any Jaft or nece^ry^ 
^anfei they wickediy (eparated then^ 
Privet from the cottifiiunjoii of the con- 
gregation* 

Latimer thui mildly anfwen, and 
gaarde hmi arainlk taking upon YAta 
to cenAire fuch as icparate from bis 
-communion^ by (hewing how fndfy it 
miglM be turned again (fc htnrfeH. >■■ ■■ 
** The name of peace &• beaatifuly and 
the opinion of unky is fair, bot who 
dflUbtetbthat to be the true artd only 
tpeaceof the churchy which if Chrift'#»** 
-*^St. Paul when he requireth unity, 
lie joined freight withal, metmrdii^ $q 
ftfm Chijf. Rooi xr.^ mr farther. Di<l> 
trephee (i, #. crafty Gardiner) did 
now of late ever harp upon unity, wii- 
ty. Yea, (ir, quoth 1, but in verify, 
OotUi |H»|ttry. Better it a divtrfiey, 
thaa aa unity in poptry. 

Page 4.79. When Jtfdt^, ftill ham- 
pered with church-aatherity, was for 
acqaiefidng in coiuiaaia^ the (arm. of 
baptifniF in Latin, but wi(hingit might 
•be otherwife. Latimer thus repiiatj 
** Where you fay I would withj furety 
I wauld wiAi that yoa had fpoken 
more vehemently, and to have fitid 



April 

. repeated experience. Dr. Cook*t x>b. 
fervation is good, when he favs all hot 
medicines are inflammatory irod ftlfou. 
lating, and therefore again ft the na. 
ture of the di(ea(b ; for when a hotCe 
comes to me bating bimfelf and foil 
of pain^ and the men about htm hf ve 
been giving him ^n, or any hot (pi- 
rits, and the horfe is ao better, he then 
.ftands a bad chance.. 

Dr. Mead on poifont, Dr. ToneeaAd 
Dr. Youtfg on opiutii, all tell u^ that 
it is the beft or worft laedicioe in prat* 
tict} for I think opiuroi in fcMte 
farriers hands, would be Hke a fwofd 
in a madman's t but, given in a pro- 
per manner, with camptior, its corrac- 
ter, it will fave many a hor(e*r life» 
when racked with pain upon matiy ao- 

COMItf. 

When a horfi falla ill of the choHt, 
take t^o or three quarts of biood 
from the neck, and give him cffrra- 
vrayleadai bay berries, ginaer, fal^- 
ptftia, an la powder, and Cafttfe fojra, 
of each ma. ounces Bates's anodyne 
baMmif two ounces { if it cannot be 
goC, tiii6tura thebatca, one ounce ; if 
tor a high ftd horfe, give it in a bint 
of warm water, but if a poor horfe kk 
aie or porter. ^ - ■ ■■ If the horfe > no 
betteir in two hovn f}vt him tUii ball t 
Take powder of ginger and CafHIe 
foap oJF each an ounce ; aloes aind 
camphor, of each two drams ) opiurtk, 
onedram^ make them into a bail in* 
a mortar, and wa(h it do^n with 'a 
little warm water. Give the .horfe ;a 
peafy defter of three^ or four qtiarta 
sa qaantitv, and le€ him have a roonfy 
phtte, and ftraw enough to* tumble in , 
that it is of aeccility, that aU things .which I find much better thea |a 



in the congregation (houkl be done m 
the vulgar tongue, for the edlMng and 
^om^tof thtm thaC are pre(«arr 

But I muft not, at one time, engrofs 
too much' roooir in yonr Suable iVpo- 
£tocy. I am, Sir, 

Your obliged humble iin-^nt, 
PxoaB fjHOLp, 

«^ Oi AUTliOR ^ thg LOVDOSa 
M/LGAZINE. 
SIR, Mancbdhsr, Aprili^,f76a. 

A 8 in your feift Mfigaeine ifbe in- 
eeniooslDr. Cook' gives the pub- 
lidc fomething upon die cholinto in 
botiktr and there orders crud^ opium 
aridioiit a cprr^^toi:, I here (bad yom 
a^. pra^ice in ohilinate choiifi, fi om 



much trotting about, which is com* 
mom* ■ T I If the horfe is no htfttbr 
an four hours,^ give a Dafty's boctttf in 
a quart of ftrong beer, warm^ With 
two ounces 6f Caftile^ foap' cut fmali 
into it, and repeat the clyfter ; offer 
him warm water often, and keepi^flti 



AS Dr. Bany's hdufe at Twicfcen- 
' ham h looked tipon by pcrtSita 
of judgment to be extremely ddighl- 
fiil feV itic arcliite^re, (ituatiofr, and 
pro(j|)e^, we have been induced to gfvift, 
thiv fiftonchr tlie annexied view th^eredl^ 
forthcrgmtfficeiloa af ai^readeiav a 



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1/68. 



\n 



The Hiftory of the laft SefTion of Parliament, tSc. 

Tee Hj/loty of the Seffion of Parliament <wHch be^an Nov. ii, 1766, being the fixth 
Zefim of the Tivelfth Parliament ^'Great-Britrin, ivitb an Account of all the ma^ 
ttrial ^eftiOHS therein determined , and of the Political DiJ^utes thereby occafioned 
'wiiboMt Doors. Continued from /. 69. 



THOUGH I have already given 
an abftra^lofall the a6ts paflcd 
in this feffion for fumifhing the fup- 
pijes, it vkill be proper here to obferve, 
mat while the laft mentioned bill for 
potting the cuftoms in America under 
the management of commiflioners refi- 
ding there, was in agitation, the com- 
mittee of ways and means were, on 
the firft of June, directed to confider 
of proper methods for raiding a revc- 
Bae in the Britifh colonies in America, 
for makin|^ a more certain and ade- 
quate provifion for the charge of the 
adminiftration of juftice, and the fup- 
port of civil government, and defray- 
ing the expence of defending, protect- 
ing, and lecuring, the faid colonies. 
The next day Mr. Paterfon reported 
from the committee of the whole 
honfe, among many other articles of 
a more general nature, the following : 
I. That upoa the exportation from 
(bis kis^dom of coffee and cocoa, of 
the Britifh plantations in America, a 
drawback be allowed of the duties of 
cuioms payable on their importation. 
To this regulation, which was evi- 
dently intended for the advantage 
of the colonies, by incrcaflng the 
confumption of their commodities in 
Ecrope, were added other articles, 
which had an immediate relation to 
the fubfed in debate, viz. «. That 
the drawbacks payable on China 
earthen-ware exported to America, be 
di(cootinued. 3. That 4s. 8d. Iter, 
ling ^ hundred weight be laid on all 
crown, plate, flint, and white glafs j 
and Ts. xd. per hundred upoi) all green 
Sla6 imported into thofe colonies and 
pUntitions. 4. But that only half the 
doties hitherto payed on pafteboards, 
millboards, and fcal^boards, fhall be 
QMr piid on their being imported into 
fHofe colonies. 5. That as. 6d. fterl- 
ing per hundred weight be laid upon 
^U painters colours imported into thofe 
piantations; nnd, 6. That 3d. ItcrU 
»«g per pound be laid upon all tea 
imported into thofe colonies. 

Thefe refolutions being read, it was 
crUrtd that a bill fhoultl be prepared 

April, 1767. 



and brought in by Mr. Chancellor of 
the Exchequer, Mr. Tho. Townfliend, 
jun. Mr. Onflow, Mr. Piyfe Campbell, 
Mr. Attorney General, Mr. Solicitor 
General, and Mr. Cooper, who were 
alfo inftrufted to iT»ake provifion in 
the bill for more effectually preventing 
the clandeftine running of goods, in 
the BritiHi colonies and plantations of 
America. On the 10th the bill was 

})refented to the houfe by Mr. Pater- 
bn, under the title of A bill for grant- 
ing certain duties in the Britifh colo- 
nies and plantations in America i for 
allowing a drawback of the duties of 
cuftoms of coffee and cocoa nuts, of 
the produce of the fiid colonies 
Or plantations, and for difcontinu- 
ing the drawbacks payable on China 
earthen* ware: and the fame was re- 
ceived and read the firft time, and 
ordered to be read a fecond time. 
Several amendments were afterwards 
made in this bill, by the committee of 
the whole houfe, and on the x6th Mr. 
Paterfon delivered the bill, with the 
amendments, in at the table, where 
the amendments being read and agreed 
to by the houfe, the bill, with thofe 
amendments, was ordered to be en- 
grofled. It pafTed the houfe on the 
18th, when Mr. Paterfon was ordered 
to carry it up to the lords, who return- 
ed it on the 29th, without any amend- 
ments, and the fame day it received 
the royal nlTcnt. 

This a^Sl", however well intended, 
was not received by the people in 
America in (o favourable a manner as 
wasexpe6lcd, from its appointing that 
all the benefits arifing from it mould 
be reaped by the American colonies ; 
and that the rcfidue of the duties, 
after defraying the expence of the ad- 
miniftration of juftice, and the fupport 
of civil government, fhould be paid 
into the Exchequer, and there refcrved 
to be, from time to ti^»c, difpofed of 
by parliament, towards defraying the 
neceflary cxpences of dtfendin-^ thofe 
colonics. Fond of that liWrty which 
they confider as their birthright they 
cannot eafily be brought tc» fuhmit to 
Z thofe 



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1 7? The History of the lafi 

thofe laws which they have no (hare in 
forming ; hence the .people of New 
England in particular, appear doubly 
afTiduous to encourage manufaftures 
among themfelves, and to avoid pay- 
ing thefe duties, feem refolved to have 
as little at pofllble from their mother 
country. Their minds were doubtieft 
imbittered, by the proceedings and 
refolutions of the houfe of commons 
in relation to the colony of New York, 
tarried on by thofe who had promoted 
the (lamp aa, which had caufed fuch 
commotions, and from which they 
bad been but juft happily freed ; refo- 
lutions which they mull confider at 
entirely deftruflive of civil liberty, and 
rendering their charters of no value. 
But of thefe feyert and Jmgular pro- 
ceedings, it will be proper to give a 
more particular account. 

A committee of the whole hou(e 
having feveral times had under eon(i- 
deration, a number of papers that 
had been prefented to the houfe in 
this feflfion of parliament by his ma- 
jelly's order, relating to the North- 
American colonies, Mr. Fuller,* on 
the 1 5th of May, prefented the refo- 
lutions which that committee bad di- 
re£led him to report to the houfe j 
thefe he read in his place, and after- 
wards delivered in at the table, where 
they were ac^ain read, and are as fol- 
low : id. That it appears to this com- 
nittee, that the houfe of reprefenta« 
tivet of his majeRy's province of New 
York have, in diredl difobeditnce of 
the authority of Great Britain, refu- 
ied to make provifion for fupplyiog 
with neceiFaries his majefty^s troops in 
fuch manner as is required by an a^ 
of parliament made in the nfth year 
of his majefty's reign, intitled. An 
a6l to amend and render more effe^lu- 
ml, in his majelly's dominions in Ame- 
rica, an a£l paifed in this prefent 
feflion of parliament, intitled. An a6l 
for punifhing mutiny and defertion, 
and for the better payment of the ar- 
my and their quarters, idly. That 
it appears to this committee that an 
a6l of aflembly hath been pafled in 
th'e faid province, for furnifhing the 
burracks in the cities of New York 
and Albany, with fire-wood, candles, 
and the other necefTaries therein men- 
tioned, for hU majclly's forces, in- 
confiftcnt wiih the provifions, and in 
oppolition to the dire^ions of the faid 
4^ 



Seflion ?/" Parliament. April 

a6l of parliament ; and fdl^, That it 
is the opinion of this committee, that 
until provifion fliall have been made 
by tha faid aflfembl]^, for furniftiinr 
the king's troops with all the necei- 
faries required by the faid a£l of par- 
liament, the governor, council, and 
aifembly be retpedively reftrained and 
prohibited from pading or afTenting 
to any adl of afTembly for any other 
purpofe whatfocver. 

The firft of thefe refolutions being 
read a fecond time, a motion was 
made,^ that the abovementioned a^, 
made in the fifth year of his majefty's 
reign, might be read, which being 
accordingly done, a motion was made 
and the queilion put, that the faid re- 
folution be committed. Upon this 
the houle was moved, that the fiwt firft 
of the refolutions which upon the xoth 
of February, in the laft feflion of par- 
liament, was reported from the com- 
mittee of the whole houfe, might be 
read i which being agreed to, chey 
were read .accordingly, and are as 
follow, viz. That the king*s majefty, 
by and with the advice ^ndconfent of 
the lords fpiritual and temporal, and 
commons of Great Britain in parlia- 
ment aifembled, had, bath^ and of 
right ought to have full power and 
authority to make laws and (latutes of 
fufHcient force and validity, to bind 
the colonies and people of America, 
fubje^ls of the crown of Great Britain, 
in all cafes whatfocver^ That tumults 
and iofurre^lions of the noft dange- 
rous nature, have been raifed and 
carried on in feveral of the North A- 
merican colonies, in open defiance of 
the powers and dignity of his majef- 
ty^s government, and in manifeft vi- 
olation of.the laws, and legiflative au- 
thority of this kingdom. That the 
faid tumults and infujre6lions have 
been greatly countenanced and infla- 
med bv votes and refolutions pafled in 
feveral of the affemblies of the (aid 
provinces, highly injurious to the ho- 
nour of his majeny^s government, and 
tendiog to deilroy the legal and con- 
ftitutional dependency of the faid co- 
lonies on the imperial crown and par- 
liament of Great Britain. That fuch 
perfons, who, on account of the de- 
fire which they have manifefted to 
comply with, or to afiiil in carrying 
into execution, any a£ls of the legif- 
lature •f Great Britain, relating to 

tiie 



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1768. The History of the laft Scflion of Parliament. 



theBritiih colonies !n Nortb Amcri* 
ci,havcfuiFcred any in jury or damage, 
oogbt to have full and ample corapcn- 
lation made them by the rerpcflive co- 
lonics, in which fuch injuries, or da- 
mages were fuilained: And that the 
boofe be moved to refolve and de- 
dare, that all his majefty's fubjefts 
refiding in the faid eolonies, who have 
manifefted their defirc to comply with, 
Of to aflift in carrying into execution, 
My adi of the legislature of Great- 
Britain, relating to the Britifh coio- 
n'ttiin North America, have a6ted as 
dutiful and loyal fubjefts 5 and arc 
therefore intitled to, and will aflured- 
Ijrhave, the protc6Vton of the houfe of 
commons of Great Britain. 

The houfe was alfo moved, that an 
ad made in the iixth year x>f his ma- 
jefty's reign, intitled. An aft for the 
better (kuring the dependency of liif 
najefty'i dominions in America, upon 
the crown and parliament of Great- 
Britain might be read, and it being 
read accordingly, the firft of the above 
reiblations was agreed to by the houfe, 
« were alfo the two fttbfequent rcfo- 
Hnions on their being likewife read 
a fecond time. After which it was 
wderedi That a bill be brought in 
upon the laft of the faid refolutions \ 
and that Mr. Fuller, Mr. Chancellor 
of the Exchequer, Mr. Thomas 
Town(hend, junior, Mr. Onflow, Mr. 
Fryfe Campbell, the Lord Clare, the 
Lord North, Mr. Attorney General, 
Mr. Solicitor General, Colonel Barre, 
Mr. Dyfon, and Mr. Cooper, do pre- 
pare and bring in the fame. 

Immediately after a motion was 
made, and the queftion put, that for 
tte better fccuring the dependency of 
^n majeffy^s dominions in America, 
vpon the crown and parliament of 
Great Britain, all perfons within his 
majefty'i faid dommiont, who fliall 
^ eledcd or appointed governor, 
member of the council, general af- 
^bly, houfe of repiefentatives^ 
Gf general court, of any province, 
within the fame; and alfo all other 
perfons within the fame, who by any 
charter, aft of parliament, or pro- 
vincial law, are required to take the 
^thsof allegiance and abjuration, be 
squired to fubfcribe a declaration, 
" That the colonies and plantations in 
America arc, and of right ought to 
^ fubordinate unto, and dependent 



179 

upon, the imperial crown and parlia- 
ment of Great Briuinj and that the 
king's Anajefty, by and with the advice 
and confent of the lords fpiritu^l and 
temporal, and commons ot Great Bri- 
tain, in parliament affembled, had, 
hath, and of right ought to have full 
power and authority to make laws and 
ftatutes of fufficient force and validity 
to bind the colonies, and people of 
America, fubjefts of the crown of 
Great Britain, in all cafes wbatlbever." 
But this motion which was direftly 
calculated to throw all North America 
into a flame, happily pafled in the ne^ 
gative. It was however refolved, w- 
mitu contradicente^ that an humble ad- 
drefs be prefented to his majefty, that 
he will be gracioufly pleafed to confer 
fome marks of his royal favour, on 
thofe governors, and officers in the 
feveral colonies who diflinguiflied 
themfelves by their zeal and fidelity 
in fupporting the dignity of the crown, 
the juft rights of parliament, and the 
fupreme authority of Great Britain 
over the colonies* during the late dif- 
turbances in America. And it was 
ordered, that this addrefs fliould be 
prefented to his majefty, by thofe 
members of the houfe who are of hit 
majefty*s moft honourable privy council* 
In purfuance of tbefe proceedings, 
on the tyth of May, Mr. Sollicitor 
General prefented to the houie, a bill 
for reftraining and prohibiting the go- 
vernor, council, and houfe of repre- 
fentatives of the province of New 
York, from pafling, or aflTenting to 
any aft of aflembly for any other pur- 
pofe, until proviflon fliall have been 
made by the faid aflembly for furnifti- 
ing the king's troops with all the ne- 
ceflaries required by law. This bill 
was then read a firft time, on the firft 
of June it was read a fecond time* 
On the nth the houfe refolved itfelf 
into a committee of the whole houfe 
upon this billi being previoufly in- 
ftfufted to extend the above prohibi- 
tion to bills, orders, refolutions or 
votes of either houfe of the afl'embly 
of the faid province of New York* 
After ibme time Mr. Speaker refumed 
the chair } and Mr. Patcrfon reported 
from the committee, that they had 
gone through the bill, and made feve- 
ral amendments, which they direfted 
him to report when t.he houfe would 
be ready to receive them. The next 
Z % day 



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l8o ST>e Atiiar of the Ap j^gslVs - • April 

Patcrfon delivered the bill fbroog and powerfql argument, which 

abfolutely demolifhes the Achana6an 
do£lrine. Let it be carefully obfcrv- 
cdf that an attention to this very col- 
le^lign of texts, had been particularly 
recommended In the preface to the 
ferious and learned defenders of tho 
AthanafiaRv fcheme. — — — (See Appeal, 
ad edit. p. 70—78 and the preface* 

P- 4-) 

a. With rerpe6t to thofe important 
obfervations, which are deduced from 
all the texts of the New Teftament re- 
lating to religious ^orfliip, Mr. Lan- 
don by his filence has confirmed ano- 
ther grand article of the unitaitai^ 
caufe, by which the Athana(ian forms 
of worfhip are effe^ually overthrown, 
AS hein^ found, upon an impartial ex- 
aminatK>n, abfolutely inconiitlent with 
fcripture forms. (See Appeal, ad edit, 
p. 84—112). This coUedion .of texts 
with the obfervations naturally arifing 
from it, had been likewife recom- 
mended in the preface to the condde- 
ration of the learned defenders of tb^ 
Athanafian caufe. I continue deeply 
convinced, that from thcfe two large 
coUe^ions of texts there ^naturally 
arife two decifiye fa6^«, which tftec- 
tuaUy d^moliOi the Athanalian Tri- 
nity. 

3. In the Appeal there is a faithful 
account fet down of the worftiip of the 

f)rimitive cliurch, as dtlivercd by the 
earned Origcn, k valuable chiiftian 
of the fecond and third century, it 
being of, confeqiicnce that commoa 
chriitians as well as the learned (hould 
be informed, what was the pra6lice of 
thc*cl)uix:h in the beft and pureft ages, 
viz. the .firft three hundred years, 
when the the profcflion of chriftianiiy 
was in a low and generally a pcrfecu^ 
ted ftate, before the converfion of 
Condantine the firft chrluian emperor. 
Mr. Landon has not ventured to, con - 
tradi^ this account, the obfervations 
deduced from it, or the late ir.troduc- 
tion of the Athanafian worfhip, as fet 
forth in the Appeal. (Sec p*. 1x2— 

''5-) . . . 

Again, there is in the Appeal a 
creed of Irenreus, a chriftian bifliop 
of the fecond century, faithfully trans- 
lated from the original Gr^ek. Mr. 
Landon has not made the leal( objec- 
tion to the authenticity of it, or the 
argument dedticed from it. This pri- 
mitive creed, and the Athanafian, when 
coinj^arcd 



day Mr 

with th^ft amcn'dments, in at the ta- 
ble, where the atnendments being read 
and agreed to by the houfe, the bill, 
•with the amendments, was ordered to 
be engrolTed. Oii the x 5th this bill be- 
ing read a third time, was 6rdered to 
be carried up 10 the Houfe of. Lords, 
who returned it on the 30th with one 
amendment ; but this being then read 
and agreed to by the houfe, ph the ad 
pf July, it received the royal aflcnt, 
(7% A^ continued in our next J] 

To the AUTHOR of the I^ONDON 
MAGAZINE. 
S I K, 

AS the worthy and ingenious aur 
thor of the Confeffional is called 
upon in your ufcful ^aganlne for the 
laft month, upon my account,* s^s rer 
farding the Appeal to the common 
itvS' oC all chriftian people, &c. I 
nrke no doubt of your inf^rting the 
following l!ute of the cafe in anfwer 
to the confiVient afiertJons of the gen- 
tleman v^ho figns\iimfelf A. B. as you 
profefs rrn*);>ariiafity vith refpt^ to 
cohtitjverted poin'ts ; which I Thall fet 
forth without the ufiial ger^niony of 
diredling a letter to him. 

1. The gentleman afl'erts, th^t the 
Appeal" has been anfwcred by Mr. 
Landon," ati ingcijiious clergyman in 
Kent. 

Anf, Mr. Landon indeed publifhed 
a trcatife, intitled, An Anfwer to the 
Appeali But the real fa6l is this : 
Mr. LJ^hdbn has not giv^cn a direct 
anfwer to the main and important 
points infilled upon in the Appeal, and 
on Vv'hich thiVold controverfy depends. 
An induftion of particulars will fully 
prove the truth of this afliertion. 

I. Mr. Landon has taken no notice 
of the collection of texts (viz. 43.) 
wh^re the Father, Son, and Holy 
Ghoft arc mentioned together j which 
eolledlion has a natural tendency to 
demonftrate even to eye-fight the 
falfehoods of the Athanafiaii creed j I 
fay, demonlfrateln the ftrift Tenfe of 
the word, if the fcripture be admitted 
as the rule of faith. There is like- 
wife an argument in the Appeal de- 
duced from this colle^ion oi texts 
compared with the declarations of the 
Athanafian creed, which is pafTcd over 
in filence by Mr. L'^ndo^; and therc- 
% I am left in full poflcfiioft of a 



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■ 7^8- 



State of bis Contrtverfy. 



|8i 



compared together, appear as con- 
trai7 to each other, as light is to 
darknefs. (3ec p. 117— 119). 

4. There is a great number of paf- 
fages colle^ed in the Appeal from the 
Four Gofpcls and the Afts of the. 
Apoftles, to which many more might 
have been added, plainly fetting forth 
«hat belief was deemed at thnt time 
neceflary to entitle converts to the pri- 
vileges of the chriftian covenant. There 
u likewife a comparlfon made between 
the faith required in fcripture to make 
a man a chriftian, and the damnato- 
ry claufes of the Athanafian creed. The 
ar^ment drawn from this comparifon, 
is tully confirmed by Mr. I#andon*s fi- 
lence. 

It appears froni this plain ftate of 
the ca]e» that Mr. Irandon has not 
giten a direct anfwer to the Appeal, 
but rather con6rmed the doiElrine 
tL:re delivered, as he has not attemj^t- 
cd to invalidate the main and eifentiat 
articles, on which the caufe depends. 
Hos^cver I fent a reply to him, in a 
Inter inferted in the Univerfal Mu- 
feum, foon after the publication of 
bii treatife, viz. ope of the fummer 
months in 1764; and referred him to 
tbe defence of the Appeal, which, as he 
bad never feen, I got tranfmitted into 
his hands: I obfcrved, that the far 
greater part of th^ texts, which he 
had cited and laid a ftiefs upon, had 
heen fully accounted for in the de- 
fence. He rejoined in the following 
month to ray letter, before he had read 
the defence, and made only fome flight 
cxcu.^cs for not taking any notice of 
the moil cfl'ential points inculcated in 
the Appeal, and fo has left me in .full 
polfcHion of the main arguments, on 
which the caufe is founded. I had 
prepared a fecond letter for him, which 
tbe author of the Univerfal Mufeum 
refufed to infert, as it was an old cou- 
rroverfy fufficicntly difcuffed already. 
But as my defence has been in the 
hands of Mr. Landon ever fincc the 
year 1764, and I have heard nothing 
from him all this time, his anfwer, 
which probably the worthy author of 
rbe Confeflional never faw, does not 
(ike off from the truth of the obfer- 
vition relating to tbe Appeal or De- 
fence. 

ffoyyever, Mr. A. B. fecms well af- 
furcd, if Mr. Landon's anfwer will 
not Ao the bulinefs, that the Appeal 
bis been nioie effectually anfwered in 



the very London Magazinf, where 
this confident declaration appears in 
print; and likewife the gentleman ap- 
peals to every competent judge for 
the truth of what he fays. It might be 
fufficient in this cafe to refer the rea- 
ders of your impartial Magazine to 
what has been urged o\\ both fides, as 
they have an opportunity of judging 
for themfelves how far this afTertion 
will hold, when ftri^liy examined. But 
?t may not be improper to give a faith- 
ful acoount of this controverfy, as it 
ftands in your Magazine, more par- 
ticularly as the ingenious author, to 
whom I am an abfolute ilranger, has 
been called upon for the favourable 
fentiments he has expreiTed of the 
Appeal and Defence. 

A gentleman, who figns himfelf 
T. I. of Mahlap, began with con^ 
demning mv definition oi Perfon, and 
likewife Mr. Landon*s. I defended 
my defiiiition of Perfon, as agreeable 
to common fenfe, and the fentiments 
of the moft oonfiderable writers, forae 
learned Athanafjans not excepted. 
How far my definition of Perfon it 
fupported mufl be left to the decifion 
of^ our readers. In the progrefs of 
the debate, the gentleman appears to 
hold a peculiar notion of the Trinity, 
which I never met with in any modern 
writer, viz. that the Trinity nieans no 
more than three diflinft attributes of 
the Deity, Infinite Qoodnefs, Wifdom, 
and Power. I gave a particular and 
diltinfV anfwer to his notion, and 
pointed out the abfurdity of it, and 
likewifb its being condemned by Uni- 
tarian and Athanafian writers. Mr, 
T. I. in a letter to Mr. Brown, takes 
no notice of what had been urged to 
confute his notion, only contents him- 
felf with an afTertion without the leafl 
colour of proof, that it was little or 
nothing to the purpofe. The gentle- 
man infills upon it, that the Trini- 
tarians do not hold that the Godhead 
confiils of three diftin^l intelligent 
agents, hut mentions Athanafius only, 
whofe writings 1 profeflcd not to be 
acquainted with, neither did I think 
it worth my while te examine them 
for this purpofe. But I conje^urc 
from citations taken froni the works 
of Athanaituf, that the gentleman is 
miflaken, as they fsem to fhew the 
dire£^ contrary opinion, viz. that the 
Deity coniif^s of three inteHigent 
agents in one fubftano^. Beiides, it 

fecms 



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Anfwer to T. I. 



182 

fflems higblv improbable that Atha- 
nafius fhould differ in fentiment from, 
I tbink> all his fucceHbrs in this fa- 
mous queftion» not one of whom, fo 
far as I have obferved, holds any fuch 
opinion as the gentleman afcri'bes to 
them. The Athanafian forms of the 
church of England necefTarily imply, 
that the one God conilds of three dif* 
find inteiligentagents.TheAthanafian 
creed declares, that there is one Perfon 
of the Father, another of the Son, and 
another of the Holy Ghoft: and that the 
term, Perfon, was intended to convey 
the idea of intelligent agent, not only 
appears from feveral parts of the creed 
itklf, but likewife from the four firfk 
petitions bf the Litany, it being infi- 
nitely abfurd to imagine, that (olemn 
prayers (hould be offered up to mere 
qualities, and not to intelligent agents. 
Agreeably to this fenfe fome Athana- 
fiui writers aArm, that three intelli- 
gent agent perfons may be one intelli- 
gent agent being. Mr. T. I. in his 
laft letter perfifts in maintaining, by af- 
lertions onl^, what I had fully confut- 
ed. Let him jtAtdi on the abfurd ity 
of fuppofing, that Bifhop Pearfon 
Ihould not mean by the term, Perfon, 
intelligent agent, which he expreiTes 
by inta)c6luai fubfiftence, when he la- 
bours to prove in oppoiition to the 
lentiments of iomt chnftians, that the 
Holy Ghoft is not a quality or power, 
but a ^rfonf as the Father and Son 
are perfons, or intelligent agents, as 
the whole ftrain of his reafoning un- 
deniably demonflrates. Surely a per* 
fon hearine, a perfon teftifying, a per- 
ibn inflructing, which arc the BiDiop's 
exprefs words of the Holy Spirit, 
muft necefTarily mean an intelligent 
agent. See Pearfon on the Creed, un- 
der the article of the Hol^ Ghod. 
Again, Mr. T. L allows, that my re- 
ference to Dr. Waterland's opinion, 
viz. That the three perfons in the 
Godhead are diflin^t intelligent agents, 
» fupported by his exprefs words. On 
the other band, he blames me for 
want of candour, becaufe I take no 
notice of a contrary declaration of the 
fame learned doctor, who quotes with 
approbation Hippolytus for faying» 
that the Son is the >»? war^oc From 
whence this gentleman infers, that 
the Father confidered as an individual 
perfon, is ayv ; or unintelligent. I am 
not difpofed to make any doubt of 



April 



the fairnefs of this citatToir, but pro* 
fefs not to find it in the page referred 
to } probabljr the page is mifprinted. 
But admittmg that Dr. Waterland 
cited thefe words from Hippolytus, 
they do not contradict the Do^^or's 
profeffed fentiment of the word Perfon, 
but refer to an obfcure and metaphy. 
^cal notion of fome of the fathers, 
who held, that the Word, or Son, 
was originally the internal reafbn of 
the Father ) and that this reafon be. 
came adiftin^ begotten perfon, called 
the Word, or Son, having life inhim- 
felf. The Do6lor cannot be fuppofed 
to cite the words of Hippolytus to 
overthrow hii own profeffed fentiment 
of the word, Perfon. From what has 
been faid it appears, that my authori- 
ties produced to fbew the opinion of 
the Athanafians fiand unfhaken, to 
which^ if neceflary, might be added, a 
*confiderabIe lifl: of other learned Ath A- 
nafians. Upon the whole, I flatter 
myfelf fo far as to think, that I did 
not mifunderftand the principle* of 
the Athanafians, when I wrote the 
Appeal ; and that Mr. T. Ts afKsrtions 
have been fufficiently confuted. What 
deferves particular notice is, that this 
gentleman has not fo much as attempt- 
ed to give any anfwer either to the in- 
terpretation of the texts, or the doc- 
trine deduced from them, in the Ap- 
peal. And therefore it mufi bo 
thought \tvy fnrprizing, that Mr. A* 
B. fhould make luch a confident de. 
dai-ation, viz. That the Appeal hat 
been effe6lually anfwered in your Ma- 
gazine, it being ver^ plain that no 
writer in your Magazine has ventured 
to give it a diredi anfwer. 

[7f be concluded in our next,] 

From the Tirft Volume ^Medical Tranf- 
a£lions, puhlifhed by the College of 
Phyficians in London^ nvbUb eontetinr 
many curious and interefling Articles^ 
ive /hall feleBt for this Month , one 
thai feenu to be ofgenered Utility ^ viz. 

Remarks on the Pump Water of London , 
and on the Methods of Mcuring the 
purefl Water,' By William Hcbbcr- 
den, Af. D. Feuotv of the College qf 
Phyficians^ and' of the Royal Society, 

[Read at the 'College, June »», 1767.] 

SEVERAL pump-waters which 
I have examined, and probably 
moftof thenOi contain powder of lime* 

ftone^ 



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1 768. Remarks on the London Pump-Water. 

ftone, XDd the three mineral acids of boiled in it turns red» 
fea-ialt; befides 



vitriol, nitre, and 
wbtcb there is an oilinefs, which dif- 
CBtonrs tbde waters, giving them a re- 
Bftarkably yeUowifh caft, when com* 
pared with pure diftilled water* 

The fpirit of vitriol changes as 
nudi of the lime- tone, as it can ia- 
titrate, into felenite; the other two 
add rpirits difiblve a portion of the 
Ume-tofse, and make it intimately 
mix with the water, fo as not to be 
f<q>aratod from it by boiling heat j but 
the anneatralized liine- ^ne, as foon 
as the water is near boilings bejgins to 
appear like a white powder, and era- 
doally falls down, forming a cru$ i^ 
all the veflels in which pump- water is 
cof^buitly boiled. 

The pro|K>rtion of thefe ingredients 
i| noC only different in the different 
#elbof thst city, but even in water 
of the fame well at different times. 
Without troubling the college with a 
detail of all my examinations, I (hall 
only obferve in general, that the 
groteft quantity of all of them toge- 
ther, which I have ever found, has 
been about twenty prrains in a quart of 
water, and theleaft has been more than 
4ea« The proportions likewile of thefe 
Ingredients to. one another vary confi- 
dcrably i in one trial, that part of 
the lime-ftone, which is uncombined 
with any of the acids, appeared to be 
a little le(s than the part which was 
united with them $ but, except in this 
ooeinftance, I have conllantly found 
the quantity of lime-ftone uncombined 
with any acid, to be at leaft equal to 
all the other contents, and fometimes 
half as much more in the fame weIJ» 
and in different wells to be double or 
even treUe of the felenite and of the 
nitroot and marine falts^ Neither is 
the .quantity of the acids conftant : 
however, that of the vitriolic is ufu- 
allytbeleaft, and that of the nitrous 
much the greateft. To as to be always 
at leaft double, and fometimes nearly 
treble of the other two. 

it might be expeded, that all thefe 
difagreeable fubftances (hould remark- 
ably taint this water j and yet the Lon- 
6tm pomp- water is by many efteemed 
for its goodnefs and purity. But how- 
ever it may be elleemed, it unquellion- 
ably differs from pure water in its 
tafte, aod colour, and touch, as well 
at in many obfervable effeds. Flcih 



'8J 

on account of 
the predominance of the nitrous acid s 
and it occasions in a ftrong degree, 
all the other well-known changes in 
certain bodies peculiar to hard waters* 
Tea and colFee, made with it, are by 
moft palates readily diftlngulfhed from 
thefe liquors when made with foft wa- 
ter : And the difference will as eafily 
be perceived by the touch, if the handa 
be wa(hed in pump and foft water. ' 

It muft» I believe, wholly be refolv- 
cd into the power of cuftom, that the 
inhabitants of X^ondon are fo fatisfied 
with this peculiar tafte of their water, 
which is, as I have often been a wit- 
ntiSf much complained of, by thofe 
who come hither from foreign coun«> 
tric5^ as very difagreeable to their pa- 
lates, ai>d fon^etimcs as offenfive to 
Jtheir ftomacbs. Cuftom makes the 
Grecnlandcr fond pf the tafte of train« 
oil i and its power is, ^o donbt, at 
great in reconciling the drinkers of 
bad water to its ill tafte. There if 9 
town in North- America, where th^ 
fpring-water is brackiOi, the inhabi- 
tants of which, when they vifit any 
of the other provinces, chufe to put 
fait into their tea or punch, in orcfer, 
as they fay, to make it tafte as it fliould 
do. 

But though cuftom can reooncile 
our palates to the tafte of lime-ftone, 
fpirit of vitriol, fpirit of fait, and 
aqua-fortis, it may will be queftioned, 
whether it can as eafily make health 
confiftent with the effcfts of thefe 
rough, and by no means unaflive fub- 
ftances. They have been by many 
phyficians fufpeded, when found in 
water, of occafioning pains in the fto- 
mach and bowels, glandular tumours, 
coftivenefs, where the fimple lime- 
ftone prevails; and diarrhoeas, where 
much of it is united with acids j and 
the uninterrupted drinking of fuch 
waters, for a long time, may probably 
be the caufe of many other diforders, 
efpecially to the infirm, and to chil- 
dren. Hence a change of place may 
often be of as much ufe to weak per- 
fons from the change of water, as of 
air. 

It has been a received opinion, that 
the ufe of waters much impregnated 
with lime ftone, or any ftony matter, 
fubjeds the drmkers to the ftone or 
gravel; but whatever other mi fchiefs 
thefe waters may have to anfwer for, 

they 



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184 



Methods of 



thty arc Innocent of this. For the 
calculous concretions in the kidnies 
and bladder, are all of an animal ori- 
gin, totally differing from ail fo/Tit 
Kones in every thing, except the 
name: and the pretrnded experience 
of the effects of certain llony waters, 
in breeding the done, which is often 
appealed to, may upon the beft autho- 
rities be rejc^cd as falfc •• 
^ The putting of alum into bread 
raifed not long ago a general alarm in 
London, and it was thought impor- 
tant enough to be the Iubjc6t of a 
parliamencary enquiry. Now alum is 
mquently ufed as a medicine, upon a 
fuppolition' undoubtedly of its mend- 
in? the health, and has been given 
daily, for a long time together, in 
greater quantities than were ever fuf- 
pe6led to be eaten in bread, nor did 
I ever yet hear of any ill efFefls from 
it. There is no reafon which I know, 
for believing that the lime-ftonc and 
inineral acids are not as hurtful as a- 
Jum, and there is no experience to 
prove them fo innocent ; but whoe- 
ver drinks a quart of London pump- 
water in a day, may poflibly take 
twice as much of thefe ingredients, 
dnd will always take more than the 
greateft quantity of alum which is faid 
to have been ever mixed with a pound 
of br«ad ; into which I have been al- 
fured that the bakers often ufed to 
put lefs, but never more, than nine 
grains. 

Some obfcurc notion of the un- 
wholelbmenefs of pump-water induces 
many perfons to boil it, and let it 
ftana to grow cold ; by w^hich it will 
indeed be made to part from moft of 
its unncutralizcd lime-ftone and fele- 
nite, but, at the fame time, it will 
become more ftrongly impregnated 
with the faline matter, and therefore 
It will be worfc. 

If a fmall quantity of fait of tartar 
were added to the water, it would 
ieadily precipitate both the loo fc lime- 
ilone, and likewire that which is uni- 
ted to the acids : ten or fifteen grains 
would generally be enough for a pint, 
but the exa^ proportion would readi- 
ly he found, by continuing to add it 
by little and little, till it ceafed to oc- 
talion white clouds. This is an eafy 
way, not o»ly of freeing the water 
from its lime-ftone, but alio of chang- 

• Acad, Roy ale ties Scienc. 1700. Hif. 



procuring . Aprrf 

ing the faline part into nitre and fal 
fylvii, both which wc know by Ion? 
experience to be innocent. 

but the beft way of avoiding the 
bad cfFefts of pump- water would be, 
not to make a conftant ufe of its and 
in a place fo well fupplicd with river 
water as London, there is very little 
neceffity to drink oi the fpri ngs, 
which, in fo large a city, befides their 
natural contents, muft colle6^ many 
additional impurf ties from cellars, bury- 
ing grounds, common- fewcrs, and ma- 
ny other offenfive plac^, with which 
they undoubtedly often communicate; 
fo that it H indeed a wonder, that we 
find this water at all tolerable. One 
fpring in this city never fails to yield 
a portion of volatile alkali in diftilla- 
tion, which probably is owing to fome 
animal fubftances, with which it is 
tainted in its paflage under ground. 

The Thames water has a (hare of aU 
thefe impure ingredients : but as it it 
a much larger body of water, it is 
proportion ably lefs mfed^ed by them* 
It is obfervable, that all the river wa- 

^ ter of England is foft, though moft of 
the fprings afford a hard water, which 
will not grow foft by being expofed to 
the air, or by time, as I have fonn<^ 
by fome which I had kept near twenty 
years. This makes it probable, that 
rivers are only the great channels by 
which the rain-water is immediately 
carried off; which fo greatly exceeds 
in quantity, that which foaks into the 
ground and burfts out in fprings, that 
the qualities of this laft, contradVed 
under ground, are loft and annihilated 
in the much ^rreatier portion of pure 
rain-water, with which it is mixed in 
rivers. 

There is an inconvenience attending 
the ufe of Thames and New River wa- 
ter, that they often arc very muddy, 
or tafte very ftrongly of the weeds and 
leaves. The latter fault is not eafily 
remedied 5 hut they would foon be 
freed from their muddinefs, if kept 
fome time in an earthen jar. If the 
water given to very young children 
were all of this kind, it might perhaps 
prevent fome of their bowel diforders, 
and fo contribute a little to leftcn that 
amazing mortality among the chil- 
dren which are attempted to be 
brought up in London. 

The inhabitants of Egypt think the 

water 

/. 58. Per rank yiiri^'vey L wit, c, 5. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



1768. 



PURE WATER. 



»85 



water of the Nile fettles fooner, if th^ 
bfidc of the vcffcl, in which they let 
k Sand, be rubbed with powdered al- 
monds, which is therefore, as Profper 
Alpinus * tells us, their con(lant prac- 
tice. I have tried thiS| aiid could not 
find it of any ufe. 

Alam is very fuccefsfully ufed by the 
common people in England for the 
purifying of muddy water. Two or 
tnree grains of it, diffolved in a quart 
of thick river water, makes the dirt 
very foon collet into flocks^' and 
{ly*iy precipitate. Filtering would 
immediately make the water fo pre- 
pared lit for ufe. The very fmall pro- 
portion of alum will hardly be fuppof- 
ed to make the water uhlit for any 
common purpofes. 

Rain or fnow-water is much prefcr- 
iblc to river, or to any other natural 
water j but there are almoft infupcra- 
ble diHiculties in colledling large quan- 
tities for comrnon ufe, without its be- 
ingas mach altered ^nd defiled, by 
the manner of faving it, as it is when 
found in rivers. 

The method of procuring pure wa- 
ter, by carriage fiom any confiderable 
di^bnce, will always be attended with 
fuch an ex pence, that vtry few can or 
will make ufe of it even for the little 
which they want to drink. 

The pureil of all watci-s might be 
oUained by didttlaiion } and in coun- 
tries were fuel is cheap, it would at 
ao great cxpence fupply thofe, who 
have the worft water, with far better 
than is ufed in thofe places where it 
i^ foppofed toj^e the bed. This me- 
thod would be particularly ufeful in 
ibiac Englini feltlemenls in foreign 
countries, where the waters are fo bad, 
that, while our countrymen are mak- 
ing their fortune*, they are ruining 
their health : wh ch might be eft'ec- 
taally remedied by the means here 
propofed. 

All the fircih water, with which na- 
ture fupplies us, is indeed only dif* 
idled by the heat of the fun ; but then 
the vefiels, as I may fay, ufed in this 
diftUIation, are not always fo clean and 
proper, as might be wiftied. TJie va- 
pors rife up thorough an atmofphere 
loaded with particles from all forts of 
ho6ie$^ and the rain falls down tho- 
roagh the fame, and afterwards, run- 
ning aleng the earth or finking into 
jr, dillblves all the faline matters with 

April 1768, 



which it happens to meet, and by theii^ 
means many other fubflances; by 
which it is often rendered naufeous 
to the tafte and fmell, and apparently 
unfit for ufe. Its efFedls frequently 
prove it to be impure, though the 
fenles be not able to inform us of it ; 
fo that experience foon taught man- 
kind the importance of an attention to 
their health in this particular : and 
accordingly the oldeft medical writer 
is very full in his dire^iions for the 
ch6ice of wholefome waters $ and Vi- 
truvius judged, that without them 
even a book of archite^ure would be 
imperfedti 

It being, therefore^ a matter of fome 
importance to drink pure water, if 
any one be defirous of procuring it by 
that moft efficacious and univerfally 
pra^icable method of diftillation, it 
may be ufeful for him to attend to the 
following oSfervations. I the rather 
mention thefe, as it is a very defirable 
thing to have pure diftilled water kept 
in the apothecaries Oiops, for the pur- 
pofe of making up thofe medicines, 
which cannot be made up with any 
other. The fimple waters of the (hops 
add much to^ the naufeous talte of many 
draughts, without at all improving 
their virtues. It is indeed generally 
true of all medicines, that they will be 
lefs unpalatable in proportion as they 
are mere taft^efs. 

The firft rdnning of difttlled water 
has a difagreeable mufty tafte, as if 
there were fomc volatile putrid parti- 
cles, which went off as foon as the wa- 
ter was heated. I once fufpedted that 
this wa^ owing to the worm*s having 
contracted fome mudinefs, which was 
wafhcd off by the firft running; but 
upon trial I found it not owing to this 
caufe. This tiiftc is not taken away^ 
and does not fcem to be much lelTened, 
either by time, or ventilation, or by 
having its air exhaufted by the air- 
pump. On this account, if the ftill 
hold twenty gallons, it will be necef- 
fary to throw away the firlt gallon. 
All, which is diftijled afterwards, 
though free from this moftinefs, will, 
yet have at firft, in common witht 
other diltilled liquors, a difagreeable; 
empyreumatic or *burnt tafte. 'This 
is cafily diiringuiflied by every palate 
in frefh d>(liii<:d rum, brandy, fimple 
and compounded waters. Tlie purer 
the water is, the lefs will there be o^' 

A a this 



Df Med. Esjtt» lib.u c 10. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC' 



I86 



this etnpyremnty and hence perhaps 
it happens, that pump-water diftilled 
hu more, and retain^ it longer, than 
what is difUlied from river- water* 
But the pureft is not free, fo that 
even diftilled water, which has ftood 
till it has loft -its empyreuma, will 
have it again on beine re-diftilled. 

The empyreuma wul so oW entirely 
hy keeping, and this is we eafieft me- 
thod ot getting rid of it. In a month V 
time it will generally be gone ; but if 
water which is diftilled on the fame 
day, be received into diflfcrent bottlet» 
they will not all equally lofe the em- 
pyreuma in eaual times. This diffe- 
rence depends upon fome circum- 
Itances in the management of the dif- 
tillation, which farther experience 
will difcover, but which I have not 
yet found out. It may be, that the 
nre being greater, and the water boil- 
ing at one time more violently than 
at another, may occafion this inequa- 
lity of empyreuma in the feveral par* 
eels of water of the fame diftillation : 
for water diftilled in the gentle heat of 
Balneum Marias has remarkably lefs. 

Another method of freeing diftilled 
water from its burnt tafte, is by ven- 
tilating it in the manner described 
by Dr. Halef , by which moft of that 
tafte will be carried off in a few mi- 
nutes. 

The boiling of diftilled water in an 
open vefTel, will inftantly take off the 
empyreuma. So that ^t may, as foon 
as it IS diftilled, be applied to any 
purpofes, which require its being 
boiled in an open veftel. 

Diftilled water muft be kept in per- 
feflly clean glafs or ftone bottles, with 
glafs ftopples, or metal covers, and 
then, having in it no prindple of cor- 
ruption, it is incapable of being 
fpoiled, and will keep juft the fame 
for ever s but the leali particle of any 
animal, or vegetable fubftance, wiU 
fpoil a great quantity^ and therefore 
the ftill and bottles ihould be kept 
wholly for thb ufe. 

Moft pomp-water is as inca^ble of 
changing, and of being fjpoiled by 
keeping, as difUUed water : for though 
It be loaded with various foreign par- 
tides, yet it feldom has any, or at 
moft but a fmall proportion of a vege- 
table or animal nature, and therefore 
It wtU alwayi rtmato tht lame. This 
5 



Ohfervatibns eh difiilUd Heater. 



April 



property of )vater is not fo much at* 
tended to, as it ou^ht to be, by fai* 
lors, who ufually fupply their (hip» 
with river- vrater taken up near great 
cities, and then keep it in wc^en 
cafksr the neceffary confequence is» 
that it foon putrefies, and moft pro- 
bably contributes very much to the 
occaiioning of thofe putrid diftempersp 
with which failors are fo apt to be af- 
flided. Pump, or fpring water, would 
be greatly preferable; and if thef 
couQl keep this in glafs or ftone bot- 
tles, or earthen iars, they would find 
it, after being carried round the 
worid, ^uft the fame as when they iet 
out. 

The fupertor purity of diftilled wa- 
ter, above all others, makes it eaiily 
diftinguifhable from them by a va* 
riety of tefts, The tendereft of thefe 
is fugar of lestd, which kiftantly makea 
douds in the pureft of all other waters^ 
but makes no change in that which 
hat been diftilled. 

It is generally beKeved, that the 
fwelled throat, which is endemial in a 
flight degree in feveral parts of Eng- 
land, as well as fo remarkably near 
the Alps, is owing (though not to 
fnow-water, yet) to fome bad quality, 
of the waters of thefe re fpe£tive places. 
I have reafon to fufpe^^, that the conj* 
mon fwellings of the lymphatic glands 
fometimes owe their difeafed ftate to 
the water, which the patient drinks. 
In thefe cafes, as well as in many 
chronical pains of the ftomach and 
bowels, a courfe of diftilled water 
might be as beneficial, as the moft ce- 
lebrated mineral waters are in any 
other diiorders, and might prove no 
inconfiderable addition to the Mat^ri^ 
Medica. 

As to the whotefomenefs of diftilled 
water for general ufe, there can hard- 
ly be any doubt of it, if we recoiled 
that all the frefh water in the world 
has been diftilled. But if any one 
think there may a difference between 
natural and artificial diftillation» I 
need only quote the example mention- 
ed, I think, by Tourncfort of one 
Francis Secardi Hongo, who made 
diftilled water his conftant drink^ 
without the addition of wine, or any 
ftrong liquor, to the laft, and lived 
with remarkably good health to tbd 
age of 115 years. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



1768. 

IN addition to 
Kogcnft Travels, p. 126. we (hall 
BOW gratify our readers with that gen- 
Cleman't reception at, ind account 
of, the coort of Mcckf^ n burgh -Stre- 
iitz. After telling us that he was fet 
down at the burgo-mafter Strubtng*t 
boafe, at New Strelitz, he proceeds 
Chttst 

^ Bnrgo-roafter Stmbing is a mer- 
chant yet keeps an inn ; he is a maii 
of a good behaviour, and anderftands 
his biifinefs ^try well. His houfe is 
reibrted chiefly by fuch gentlemen as 
have anjr affairs to tranfa^ at court. 
He received roe civilly, provided mt 
wkh a good fupper, and a handfome 
apartment. I was pleafed to hear that 
baron Dewitz wm at Srrelitz, and 
after ijidiffinrent chit-chat with my 
laadlord, I went to becL 

As ibcm as I had breakfafted, I fent 
a krvant with a card to the baron, 
Signifying my arrival | and that, if it 
were convenient, I intended doing 
myieif the honour to wait upon him. 
Tkis was about nine o*clock. The ba- 
nm ient for anfwer he ihoald be glad 
Coiee mej but, dreiling occafioning 
ienc delay, a fervant foon after came 
to acquaint roe, that baron Dewitz was 
obl^ed to wait upon his ferene high- 
otki that he fliould be glad to fee roe 
at coort between twelve and one ; that 
the duke*s coach would cone and take 
ae op ; and that the marflul of the court 
would be there ready to prefent roe to 
their Serene highnefles. Accordingly 
the doke^s coach took me up at the 
time appointed, and drove directly to 
the palace. Getting out of the coach 
I feU down, but, thank God ! received 
ao great harm. One of the officers 
condoled me to the marlhal's apart« 
ment, where I found him waiting for 
ne: after the ufual compliments, he 
tokl me he bad been juft reading my 
h^tory, and was pleafed to commend 
it. The marftial does not fpeak £ng- 
liAi, but underftands it pretty well, 
and it coover(ant in moft of our books 
of polite literature. His name is ZeC- 
terietb, and he is ftricken in years, 
bot a rtrj fine gentleman. He told 
me that baron Dewitz iiad apprized 
the duke and the princels of my co- 
ming, and, if I pleafed, he would 
now introduce me. I could not avoid 
being grcsktiy fluttertd with fuch po- 



Nugent'j Reception at Strelitzl 1 ^7 

our extrad from litenefs, and anfwered him I was ready 
to pay my refpefts to their ferene 
hfghneffes. 

We then afcended a great ftaircafe, 
and pafling through feveral apartments^ 
where I faw and bowed to many ladies 
and gentlemen, I reached the anti* 
chamber} and was apprized, that 
their ferene highneiTcs were In the next 
^ apartment. I entered with the mar- 
* Ihal, and after paying my obeifance, 
was received by their highnefTes in the 
moft gracious manner. The duke was 
dreflcd in blue velvet, with a yellow 
fattin waiftcoar, white filk ftockin^s, 
diamond buckles, the order of tne 
garter, and a feathered hat. The 
princefs was in a clofe habit like a 
riding-drefs, with the enfigns of the 
Ruflian order of St. Catharine, The 
converfatioB was (hort, and turned 
chiefly about the queen their lifter j 
that they expefled every moment an 
exprefs with the news of her majeft}'« 
delivery : and that all preparations had 
been made to celebrate the happy ti- 
dings. Accordingly the guns were 
drawn out before the palace, and the 
fireworks were ready. They dropped 
fome compliments concerning mv hif- 
tory I and told me they hoped I (houlcf 
find fome amufement at Strelitz. I 
then returned with the marflial to the 
anti-chamber, where I found baron 
Dewitz. I cannot exprefs the pleafur^ 
I felt at feeing this nobleman, for 
whom I had fo profound a refpe^, 
firom the knowledge I had of his moft 
amiable qualities. So agreeable a fight, 
in fuch a diftant part of the worlds 
cheared my heart, and infpired me 
with the moft lively fentiments. We 
had not time to converfe much ; the 
baron only told me, in fliort, that fo 
long as I chufed to ftay at Strelitz, I 
was to dine and fup at his highnefs*s 
table i that he expe^^ed me to break- 
faft always with himfelf ; and that he 
fliould be glad to introduce me to his 
lady, having altered his condition fmce 
his return from London. I had been 
already acquainted by count dc Both- 
mar, that the baron had married a lady 
ofexquifite beauty. Jn the mrdft of 
our converfation the trumpet founded, 
to fignify that his highnefs was going to 
dinner. 

The duke and the princefs his fifter 

foon after appeared, holding each 

A A a other 



• Digitized by Google 



?88 



Court of Mecklenburgh-Strelitz. 



April 



Other arm in arm, feveral ladies fol- 
lowed, and the gentleipen leading up 
the train, they all entered a handiome 
faloon, where we Taw about twenty 
coven. Before the company fat down, 
the marfhal of the court, with one of 
the pages, advanced towards the ta- 
ble, while the reft of the company 
flood rouml : the page faid grace with 
an audible voice, and then, the duke 
took his place : the princefs his fider 
fat on his right hand, and one of the 
court ladies on his left. The reft fat 
down to table without any di(lin6tion 
of perfons. Baron Dewitz placed 
himfelf oppofite the duke and prin* 
cefs, and made me (it next to him, in 
order to have the opportunity of con- 
verfing either with their highnefics 
or himfelf with more eafe. The com- 
pany confided chiefly of the gentlemen 
of the bedchamber, the ladies of ho- 
nour, and the officers on guard. Our 
entertainment was a loup, with three 
courfes and a defert. Among other 
varieties there was excellent venifon, 
of which they have great plenty, but 
they do not fcem to be over lond of 
it. We had abundance of wines, as 
French white wine, claret, old- hock, 
champagne, and burgundy ; but tlieir 
common draught is the iFrench white 
vine, which when of a proper age, 
is excellent in its kind. The claret, 
"Vvhich they call Pontac, is indifferent j 
but their burgundy is very good, and 
J gave it the preference. An officer 
ilands with the liquor on a beaufet in 
a corner of the hall, where he fills 
out to the fervants : thefe are the 
pages, heydukes, footmen, &c. &c. 
who Hand behind the company, and 
take the glafs out of your hand, when- 
^vcr you prcfent it them for liquor. 
Some of the gentlemen in waiting al- 
v^ays carve, and after helping their 
bighneffes, they fend a plateful round 
to each of the company. The whole 
is done with great eafe, and difpatch. 
I obferved that a page always holds a 
plate under the duke's glafs whenever 
he drinks. No healths were toaited; 
this cuftom being laid afide at great 
tables, except that the duke drinks 
to the king and queen of Great-Bri- 
tain juft betake he rifes from dinner. 
I had almolt forgot to mention to you, 
that we had very good beer of his 
bighnefs'^s own brewing, which comes 
{ron; th^ nei^hbourmg town of Mi* 



row, where her majefty was born. 
There was alfo fome Englrlh beer, 
which the duke is very fond of; and 
he has it in bottles from Hamburg. I 
reckon that dinner lafted about an 
hour and half, during which time the 
whole company converfed with the 
greateft freedom and hilarity. Their 
lerene highneffes did not nt at th^ 
head, but in the middle of the table. 
When the company had dined, the 
duke made a fignal, and they all arofe; 
The fame page again, with the mar- 
(hal of the court, drew near the ta» 
ble, and returned God thanks, when 
their highnefVes, arm in arm, with- 
drew to another apartment. They 
drank coffee ftandins, which waa 
(tT\ti\ by the pages and the beyduket* 
Thus they converfed near half an hour, 
during which their ferene bighnefret 
and the ladies afked me (everal quef- 
tions concerning England. In about 
half an hour their highneifes retired^ 
and baron Dewitz introduced me; 
firft to his filler and the ladies of ho- 
nour, and then to mofV of the officers 
belonging to the court/* 

TbefoU(nmng Remarks up^n the ^rade of 
the Colony ^ Malfachufet's Bay at this 
day^ compared lAfitb Us trade tn i6^%g 
from liutcbinfonV Hifiory of that Co^ 
lony, are not onfy curious^ hut <ver^ 
pertinent at this 'lime. 
*« rTpHE other governments of New- 
A England, fixty or feventy years 
ago, imported no Englifh goods, or 
next to none, direftly from England 5 
they were fupplied by the Manachu- 
fet's trader. Now although our trade 
with Great Britain, upon the whole, 
is fuppofed to cauf'e no addition to our 
wealth, yet, at leaft fo far «s we are 
the channel for conveying fupplics of 
goods to the other colonies for their 
confumption, a benefit undoubtedly 
accrues. New Hampfhire, by their 
convenient fituation, were induced to 
become their own importers in a great 
meafure Tome years before the altera- 
tion of our currency. They made 
their returns by (hipping lumber, &c. 
eafier than we did. At prefent, they 
probably import Englifh goods equal 
to their confumption. Conne^icut, 
until we abolifhed our bills of credit 
and theirs with them, continued their 
trade with us for Engli^ goods, but 
fOQn after turned great part of their 

trade 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



1768. 

trade to New- York, and fome perfons 
bec»iie importers from England.They 
iboA difcovcrcd their error. The pro- 
duce of New- York is fo much the 
fame with that of Coonedticut that 
the MaiTachufet^s market will always 
be the beft. The importer finds it 
more difficult to make his returns to 
Engbnd from Connecticut than from 
the Maflachufets. Connedlicut trade 
therefore foon returned to the ftate it 
bad formerly been in. 

Rhode- lilindy in part, became their 
own importers alfo, which they Hill 
continue. 

For the other colonies on the conti- 
nent. Between South -Carolina and 
the Madachufett, there never has been 
any conflderable trade. The chief be- 
neit from tliat colony has been the 
aSsrding freights for our (hips in the 
European trade. 

^k)rth - Carolina, Virginia, Mary- 
land, the Jerieys and Penfylvania, un- 
til within twenty or thirty years, ufed 
to famifli us with provifions for which 
we paid them in Weft- India and fome- 
tinies Englifh goods and with our owi^ 
produce and manufactures. Philadel- 
phia of late is become the mart for th6 
grain of great part of Maryland, which 
they manufacture into flour and fup- 
plf the Maflachufets, Rhode-Id^nd 
and New-Hamp(hire, and take little 
cr no pay in return but money and 
bOls of exchange. It feems agreed 
tbu the fouthern colonies as far as 
Yir^nia are deiigned by nature for 
cnun countries. It behoves us there- 
fore, either like the Dutch for the 
other nations in Europe, to become 
carriers for them with our fhipping, 
or to contrive fome articles of produce 
ormanufa^ure for barter or exchange 
with them, rather than in vain to at- 
tempt raifing to more advantage than 
they do, what nature has peculiarly 
formed them for. 

Our trade with the Weft-India 
iflands was much more profitable to 
us, from the beginning of King Wil- 
liam *s to the end of Queen Anne*8 war 
with France, than at any time fince. 
Ever fince the peace of Utrecht it has 
been contininlly growing worfe. Bar- 
badoes required then, more northern 
produoe than it does now. The other 
iflands, except Jamaica, have very 
little increafed their demand. From 
|l)e growth of the nortberA colonies 



^rade of Maflachufets Buy. 189 

and the new methods of living, the 
produce of the iflands is more tha« 
double the price it ufed to be. Per- 
haps tea and coftee, alone, caufe at 
great confumption of fugar as all other 
ufes, to which it was applied, did for- 
merly. The produce of the northern 
colonies is as low in the iflands as ever 
it was. Formerly their demand for 
northern produce not only aflbrded us 
in return, rum, fugar and molaflet 
fufficient for our own confumption, 
but left a furplus which, in war time 
efpecialty, every year gave freight to 
(hips from Bofton to England, and 
paid our debts there or procured ^ 
iupplyof goods from thence, whereas, 
at this day, the whole fupply of nor- 
thern produce to the Britifli iflands 
will not pay for one half the Weft- In- 
dia goods confumed or ufed in the nor- 
thern colonies. The trad^ to the 
Dutch colonies, it is true, is flnce in- 
creafed, and our goods from time 
to time find their way into the 
French iflands, fometimes through the 
Dutch, at other times, when French 
neccflity calls for them, by perraiflion 
or other contrivances, and by this 
means we are able to procure the 
Weft- India goods we want for our 
confumption over and above what we 
can obtain in pay for our produce from 
eur own iflands. Britain herfelf fuf- 
fers, with her northern colonies, and 
pays dearly by the advanced price of 
fugar, rUm, &c. The Weft Indians 
notwithftanding, are continually en- 
deavouring to reftrain our trade with 
the foreign iflands and colonies. If 
they could take of our produce at 
much as we have occaflon for of theirt 
it would appear leTs unreafonable, or 
if, by our trade with the foreign colo- 
nies, the price of the produce of our 
own iflands had fallen below the for- 
mer rates they might have colour 
for complaint; but when the vent 
for northern produce by means of the 
great increafe of the northern colo- 
nies, bears no proportion, from any 
one of them, to what it did formerly, 
and yet the produce of the iflands is 
double the price it was formerly, and 
their eftates raifcd to more than five 
timet the value, it muft be unreafon- 
able to burden not only the inhabi- 
tants of the northern colonies but of 
Great Britain, alfo with a ftill further 
advanced price of Weft-India goods, 

.»n4 



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igo Its Trade mw the Iflands^ April 

?iid all to iggnuidne the Weft-India appearance of profits from the Tales* 
Planters. Such a burden would in- yet, by the lofs upon returns, vaoft 

'.n:wi.. U-. *u-i ^ouxa. -r - -:-.:j adventurers in a courfe of years were 

great lofers. Difcerning perfont in 
London, when they faw a man goin^ 
deep into trade in the colonies would 
pronounce him (hort lived. 

The trade is now upon a more cer- 
tain footing for the people of England. 
Few goods are fent to be fold up- 
on commiffion. The manufa6lurer 
depends upon the merchant in Eng- 
land for his paji. The merchant re- 
ceives his commiHion and genemHy 
agrees with his correfpondent, for 
whom he is in advance, in the colo« 
nies, that after fix or nine months cre- 
dit, if payment be not made, intereft 
ihall be allowed. Bad debts muft be 
expenfive more or lefs upon all exten- 
five trade. Perhaps they are not more 
frequent in the colpnies than among 
the like number of traders in England. 
The cod and whale fiihery are in a 
more flouriihing ftate than formerly. 
The vefiels employed in cod fifhing 
have been more numerous, bat they 
were fmall fhallops, and one of tlie 
fchooners now.employed in that fi(hc- 
ry take as much wki in a feafon as two 

feous to Ureat-lfritam. ^ every new ihallops ufed to do. 
ou(%, new farm and new fubjed, add The French are fuppofed to maisi^ 



anters. Such a burden would in- 
fallibly be the effeft of a rigid execu- 
tion of the laws reftraining or incum- 
t>ering our trade with the French and 
Dutch colonies. But this is not all. 
If our trade with the foreign colonies 
be fupprefled and our fuppltes of Weft- 
India goods are confinea to our own 
iflands, the balance above what they 
require of our produce, muft be paid 
them in itlver and gold or exchange 
vpop England, either of which muft 
leflfeo our returns to England, and 
will probably leifen our confumption 
of tneir manufadhires. Charlevoix 
fays the French of Canada Iwe well if 
they can get fine cloaths, if not they 
retrench from the table to adorn the 
perfon. I think the Englifti colonifts 
would rather abate from their drels 
than from their punch, tea, coffee, &c. 

If the queftion be, which is moft 
for the intereft of the Briti(h domi- 
nions in general, to retrain the French 
American trade or to give it all poflt- 
ble encouragement, it muft be given 
in favour of encouragement. The 
fpeedy fettlement of this vaft continent 
is generally fuppofed to be advanta- 
geous to Great- Britain. ^ Every new 
houl^, new farm and new fubjed, add 
to the confumption of Britilh manu- 
factures. Nothing more contributes 
to this fpeedy fettlement than a vent 
for the lumber, a great help in clear- 
ing the lands near the fea and upon 
navigable rivers, and for provifions 
the produce of fettlements when made. 
But on the other hand, admit that rai- 
fing the price of Weft-India produce 
tends to increafe the number of plan- 
tations in the ifiands, yet thofe plan- 
tations, although more valuable, will 
never bear any proportion in number 
to the plantations and fettlements up- 
• on the continent, and the increafe of* 
white fubjedts will be ftill lefs in pro- 
portion. Blacks eat and drink nothing 
and wear next to nothing of Britilh 
manufacture. 

There has been a great alteration 
in our trade with Great Britain. At 
the beginning of this period, and till 
witbin thirty or forty years paft, 
merchants and manufaaurers in Eng- 
land (hipped goods upon their own . 
accounts, which were fold here upon 
commifiloni and although there wiu 



tain a fifiierman at leis expence than 
the Engliih. . Be it fo, the BngUfli 
catch and make their fifli at kfs ex- 
pence than the French notwithftand- 
ing. Five or (vn well-fed Marble-head 
or Cape- Ann men catch as much fifti 
as ten or twelve meagre Frenchmen in 
the fame time. The French find their 
account in taking what they call their 
muid or mud-fifti when the Englifti 
cannot. Thie is owin^ to the vent 
which the French markets aftbrd for 
that fort of fi(h. In what they call a 
fedentaire and we a ft)Ore fiChery we 
ftiall alwavs outdo them, unlefs the 
ports of the other nations in Europe, 
as well as thoie of the French, ftiould 
be (hut againft us. If every family in 
Britain ftiould make one dinner m a 
weelfr upon New- England cod fi(h it 
would caufe an amazing increafe of 
the confumption of Briti(h manufac- 
tures. 

It is certain that before the war of 

1744 ^c French fifherv declined. Thev 

nfed to go from Louifbourgh to Canfo 

and buy the Engliih fifti for the French 

furoptaft 



ktf ^ 



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IOHNWilkES Esqf 



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176S; 



Eoropeaa markets, 

cheaper to them than they could catch 

and make it« 

The iocreafe of the confumption of 
«i by lamps as well as by divers ma- 
Btt&dures in Europe has been no fmall 
encouragement to our whate fifbery. 
The flouhihing ftate of the ifland of 
Mantacket moft be attributed to it. 
The cod and whale lUhery, being the 
principal fource of our returns to 
Great Britain, are therefore worthy 
aotonly of provincial but national at- 
teatioa. 

Formerly the trade to Newfound - 
land was valuable. The incrcafe of 
the northern colonies has carried from 
tts g;reat part of the fupplies we ufed 
to make. Our late-began commerce 
«itb Nova Scotia is valuable, but will 
act compenl'ate for this loft. 

The manufa^ure of pe%-alh promifes 
great benefit to the colonies. It is to 
be wiihed that they may meet witli no 
<iifcoaragement. Frauds in package 
and adulteration cannot be of any 
long continuance. The Icaft that can 
be done by every government, where 
It ii nunuta^ured, is a law to compel 
wery perfon to fet his name, and the 
oameof the town where he lives, up- 
M the ca(k in which he packs his pot- 
^ This will go a great way to- 
■vtii preventing fraud. Should the 
Knffia traders combine to underfell 
fbofe who import from America, yet 
k will be coniidered that the RufRa 
ttadc if drawing every year from the 
wtion a large balance in bullion, 
whereas the uicreafe of imports from 
Ac colonies only tends to an increafe. 
of national exports, and the body of 



tbe nation will combine again ft the 
Raffia traders. 
1 remember one advantage from paper 
?«ey. Upon the depreciation, from 
iiBe to time, the wages of feamen, and 
the rate at which coafting veHels and 
2^1m were hired did not immediate*! 
^ rife in proportion to the rife of fil- 
ler and exchange with London and 
wfcer parts of the world. We were 
thai led to employ our veflcls as car- 
"«« to and from many parts of the 
continent^ the Weft-Indies and Eu- 
J^becanfe we let them upon cheaper 
«^gbt and hire than any other colo- 
ny would do. The war in 1744 gave 
« torn fo this part of builnels, but 



Ppt-ajh^ ^radcpf^ ricmrnindiJ. /pr 

becaufe it came we may learn from what happened 
then, without any premeditated plin 
or defign, what we arc capable of, 
viz. navigating our veflels, eljpecially 
if further improvements be made in 
the conftruAion of them, with fo lit- 
tie expence as, like the Dutch in Eu- 
rope, to become carriers for America*. 
The advantage in this particular in- 
ftance, of the reduction of the price 
of labour (hews us what improvements 
might be made in other branches of 
trade and manufa^ure if ever it (hould 
be reduced in proportion to the price 
in Europe, compared with the price 
of the neceflaries of life. 

It was hard parting with a free 
open trade to all parts of the world 
which the Maflachufets carried on be- 
fore the prefent charter. The princi. 
pal adts of parliaments were made 
many years before, but there was no 
ctittomhoufe ellablifhed in the colony, 
nor any authority anxious for carry-, 
ing thofe a6ts into execution. It was 
feveral years after the new charter* 
before it was generally obferved. If 
we arc under no other obligations, we 
certainly enjoy and cannot fubfift 
without the proteflion of our mother 
country, over our trade at fca, our 
perfonal^cftate afhore, the territory 
itfelf, our libeities and lives. It is 
owing, in a great meafure, to the 
taxes, duties and excifes, the confe- 
quenteS of an enormous load of debt, 
that the manufa^ures in England come 
dearer to^ us than thofe of other coun- 
tries. Great part of this debt was in<^ 
currcd by our immediate prote^ion. 
Shall we think much of (haring in 
the burden when we have' been fo 



great (harcrs in the benefit? There 
is no way in which we can more ef- 
fe^ually contribute to the national re- 
lief than by fubmicti ng to regulation 
and redraint upon our trade, and yet 
no way in which (he ihould be fo lit- 
tle fenfible of it. 

It has been the general voice that 
our trade to Great Britain fiiould 
be contra6ted, and that our inha- 
bitants, (hpuld. be employed, in the 
fame kind of manufadures we import^ 
from thence, the materials for moft of 
which we haye, or may. have, withia. 
ourfelyes. 

The great Creator of the univerfe 
to infinite wifdom has fo formed the 

earth. 



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19^ 



' A fifth Letter frbm Rouffeau. A pri! 



earth, that difFerent parts of it, from 
the foil, climate, &c. are adapted to 
different produce, and be fb orders 
and difpofes the genius, temper, num- 
bers and other circumflances relative 
to the inhabitants, as to render fome. 
employments peculiarly proper for one 
country, and others for another, and 
by this provifion a mutual intercourfe 
is kept up between the different parts 
of the globe. It would be foliar in a 
Virginian to attempt a plantation of 
rice for the fake of having all he con- 
fumes from the produce of his own 
labour, when South -Carolina, by na- 
ture, is peculiarly dcfigned for rice, 
and capable of fupplying one half of 
the world. Old countries, flocked 
with people, are ordinarily befl adapt- 
ed to manufadlurcs. Would it be the 
intereil of New England, whilft thin 
of people, to turn their attention from 
the whale, cod, mackerel, and her- 
ring filhcry, their lumber trade, and 
flii p. building, which require but few 
hands compared with many other forts 
of bufinefs, to fuch manufa6lures as 
are now imported from Great Britain, 
or to take their fons from clearing the 
land, and turning an uncultivated 
wildernefs into pleafant and profitable 
fields, and fet them to fpinning, wea- 
ving, and the like employments ? I do 
not mean to diCcourage any perfons 
who cannot improve their time to 
greater advantage from employing 
themfelves and families, in any branch 
of manufadhire whatfoever. Idlenefs 
is the certain parent of vice. Induflry, 
introduced, will ordinarily, tend to 
produce a change of manners. A ge- 
neral philanthropy will induce us to 
delight in and contribute to the hap- 
pincfs of every part of the human 
race, by which we ourfelves are no 
fufl'erers ; the flate from whence we 
fpran^, and upon which we ftill de- 
pend for protection, may juflly expe^ 
to be diflinguifhed by us, and that we 
ibould delight in and contribute to its 
profpcrity, beyond all other parts of 
the globe/' 

Affth Letter from RoufTcau to Mr. D. 
(Seep, 132.; 
Dear Sir, 

IN difcharging towards you the 
pleafing duty of gratitude, I feel 
my heart expand in proportion as I 
write to you. From the mid ft of my 



folitude I wajre wdr againft mankinds 
It is lawful, fure, to wage war againfb 
one^s enemies. And can I be blam- 
ed ? I only attack vice. 

If fome faint glimmerings of true 
knowledge fometimes come to en- 
lighten man in the midft of his errors^ 
he foon extinguifhes them by his fo- 
phiftical reafonings, the fruit of hit 
vain ftudies ; flumes, which are now 
no longer directed towards difcoverinz 
the fource of his foibles, and the beS 
method of corre£ling them. Europe^ 
it is true, is full of univerfities. We 
meafure the diftance of the ftars by 
geometrical calculations. We heap, 
like the giants of old, mountains upon 
mountains, to fcale the very heavens : 
even the Supreme Being himfclf, ia 
the midfl of his incomprebenfible at* 
tributes, is not fecure againfl the pre- 
fumptuous refearches of man. We 
queilion him as to the perfection of bis 
works : We demand of him an account 
of his ways : We charge him with the 
imperfe6lions of nature \ and man 
throws upon the Creator the blame of 
thole follies and weaknefies which are 
the work of man. We know every 
thing in the prefent age; and yet^ 
flrange as it may appear, we know 
net even ourfelves. Quick fighted 
enough as to his temporal intcrefls, 
man is blind to his eternal ones. 
Weary of living in perpetual con- 
Araint, he is yet afraid to die ; and 
after having pafled thiough the fur-? 
nace of afilidlion, he wifhes annihila- 
tion may be the fate of hl:» foul, and 
the period of his life. 

Yes 1 my dear friend ; the world is 
become a fchool of the moil pcrverfc 
and proud philofophy. They creit, 
almoft every where, the llandard of 
incredulity ; and they perfccure virtue. 
Ye virtuous fouls, who groan under 
oppreffion, fuch is the fruit, the blelfed 
fruit of the fciences and tiie arts \ 
Happy ignorance of our anceftors 1 
Ifou are now no more. They were, 
it is true, lefs knowing 5 but they 
were alfo more virtuous : they had 
lefs learning j but they had more hu- 
manity. Pernicious arts ! provid fci- 
ences ! ye have banifhcd fimplicity, 
honefty, integrity, humanity, and all 
the other virtues, from the earth. 
Our knowledge now tends only to our 
ruin. We have found the art of ex- 
tolling vice, and we exalt it into a 

divinity. 



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iy69. 



divtaity^ It heart not, I own^ 
name of His or Ofiris ; but that which 
we give it, is not lefs ridiculous. The 
learned cail it philofbphy j the vulgar, 
fireedom, (incerity, poHtenefs, the art 
of living, and whatnot? Call it the 
reTcrfe of all thcfc, and you will give 
it a proper name. Vicious by rule, 
we woulci fain arrive at immortal. ty 
through the paths of vice; and were 
it not for the rcftraint of civil laws# 
we fhould, i*m afraid, fee many an 
Eratoftratus. 

'Tis faid, that I am an advocate for 
ignorance and for brutes. Yes, my 
^ar friend ! I will confefx it to you, 
I am an advocate for ignorance and 
for brutes. The firft, furely, is pre- 
ferable to ill-natured and pervcrfe 
Icience ; and in what refpei^s is man 
iiiperior to the laft ? The brute hath 
his wants, it is true ; and nature hath 
provided for them. As foon as thcfe 
are fatisfied, he lays him down, (huts 
his eyes and falls afleep. And are thy 
wants, vain man, lefs numerous th^n 
his ? Thou dared not fay it : but fup- 
pofe they were, the moment they are 
latuiied, new defires fpring up in their 
phce ; and thefe ap^ain are followed by 
others ilill more violent -, and to clofe 
the mortifying fcene, difgufi treads 
f2& upon the heels of enjoynrent. 
Wtfc precaution of providence ! to 
have rendered the univerfc incapable 
of iatisfying the heart of man! and 
hence it was that the conqueror of Alia 
figbed in the very midft of his con- 
aoeftf. The brute, furely, is a 
traoger to this circle of enjoyment, 



T O M R. D. 193 

the Hgion> his worship, and whatever be- 



longs to him I every fcience, I fay, 
that hath fuch things for its obJc<Sb, I 
approve, I revere, and I (hall even al- 
ways think it my duty to inculcate in 
my writings. But thofc vain fciences, 
which teach man to make himfelf the 
judge of the wonders of the Almightyj 
thcfe vain fciences, which form the 
religion of our modern wits and phi- 
lofophers ; thofe vain fciences, I re- 
peat it, I moft heartily abhor ; and 
prefer the grofieft ignorance to all the 
vain (peculation of our pretended lite- 
rati. My maxim (hall always be 5 let 
us be lefs knowing, but let us be more 
virtuous. 

I am fanfible, that this language 
will found hardi to the generahty of 
mankind f and what is yet more, that 
I expofe myfelf to the refentment of 
the whole fe6l of new philofophers. 
Their numbers, it is true, are great ; 
but I fear not the cfFcft of their mo(t 
envenomed arrows. They imagine, 
forfooth, that they alone are pofielTed 
of good fenfe ; and that not to think 
like them, is to renounce all know- 
ledge, demonftration, and evidence. 
With the compafs in their hand, they 
would meafure the works of the Cre- 
ator ; and if they cannot find out all 
their fecret relations and connections 
thefe fublime geniufus fee nothing 
there but abfurdities. Virtue, is the 
(lift that fails a (acrifice to their mer- 
cilefs darts : but how (hould they re- 
fpeft her ? They underlbnd neither 
her nature nor her properties : they 
know not even her name, unlefs it be 



difguft, and defires, following each to Infult, to ridicule, and to pcrfecute 
"* her. But you, my virtuous friend, 

yoii know her, you love her, you che- 
riih her. You deferve to be happy : 
may you be fo as long as I wi(h you. 
Adieu : accept my mod humble com» 
pliments. 

J. J. Rousseau. 



ether in end lefs fuccelTion. 

'Tis to you, my dear friend, that I 
thus explain myfelf j and my apology 
could not fall into better hands. I 
am an enemy, they fay, to the fci- 
ences ; and, which is more, an advo- 
cate fur ignorance. Shall I fpeak my 
miDd^ Why (hould not I (peak it j 
ince I am fpeaking. to you? I am, 
then, neither the one nor the other ^ 
and I prove it thus : every fcience, 
that teaches us to know ourfelves, and 
to dticharge our private and our pub- 
.bc duties i that (hews us virtue in all 
bcr native brightnefs, and infpires us 
with a love for that amiable object; 
efpecially that divine fcience, which 
leads vt to the knowledge of the Su- 
preme Being, of the nature of his re- 
April 1768. 



Defcription q/' Blenheim Houfi^ from the 
Six Weeks Tour, &c. (Seep, 135.^ 

f"* K O M Oxford we took the road 
to Blenheim 5 that celebrated pa- 
lace, which has been by forae fo cx- 
ccffively ahufed, ai^d fo praifed by 
others. The front is a clutter of parts, 
fo diliin^, that a gothic church has 
as muci) unity j and, withal, a hea- 
vinefs in each part, which, is infinitely 
difguftmg. You enter firft the grand 
B b hall. 



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194 



BIcnhfcim-houfe defttihii. 



Mah:h 



hall, which it the largeft, and I think 
without comparifon, the fined I have 
feen in England : but in this room, 
as in mod others, there is fomething 
in the dimenfions which difgufts at 
firft fight ; are. fifty-three by forty - 
four, and fixty high : this va(t height, 
bcfides the difagreeable cfFeft it has, 
in itfelf, lakes off prodigiouily from 
the appearance of largencfs in the 
area at bottom. The fide again ft the 
faloon, enlarges itfelf confideraWy in 
the middle; in the center is the faloon 
door : and on each fide fome very 
large* and magnificent Corinthian pil- 
lars, in a good tafte and proportion ; 
and oyer them a gallery, which is all 
done in a really grand ftyle ; and not 
a gallery duck to the wall, like an 
overgrown (helf, as at Houghton and 
Wilton ; or turned into the range of a 
bath, as at Holkam : It would take a 
cube of an hundred feet to have a gal- 
lery totally around a halt, in a jud 
tade, like this at Blenheim ; and 
therefore it is infinitely preferable to 
add an additional fpace to one fide 
of the room, for a gallery, and the 
pillars to fupport it, efpecially as they 
have a very fine effe£l fronting, as you 
enter the hall. By means of its being 
in the nature of a recefs, and not 
proje6ling, into the room, there it 
no abruptoeis or deficiency in its not 
being continued around the whole. 
Nothing offends in this room, but the 
cxccffive height. 

The faloon is forty- four by thirty- 
three, and forty*five high ; which is 
the largeft I have feen : proportion ia 
again deftroyed by height ; otherwife, 
this room would, like the hall, be in- 
finitely finer. The door-cafes are of 
marble, and exceedingly magnificent; 
but a done door for a faloon is mani- 
feftly improper. The fuite of rooms 
to the left, are as follows : — Drawing- 
room, twenty-eight fquare, this is 
filled with pidures by Rubens : 

Holy Family. Roman Charity. 
Virgin and Child. Flight into Egypt. 
Offering of the wife-men 5 old mens 
heads exceeding fine. Lot driven out 
of Sodom. Our Saviour blefling the 
children. Paracelfus \ amazingly fine. 
Pope Gregory. 

The break fad room, twenty-four 
fquare : here we find Silenus, and An- 
dromeda, two pictures, both, by Ru- 
bens 1 and fine. « 



Woman taken in aduttery. Cir- 
cumcifion. Old man | all Chree by 
Rembrandt, and very fine, efpecialty 
the firft two. The duke's dreffing- 
room, twenty-four fquare. The paf- 
fagc room. 

Befidet thefe apartments, othert 
were occupied by the family, which 
we could not fee $ on the other fide of 
the faloon, 

. A drawing-room, thirty-five by 
twenty. five. Another thirty- five by 
twenty, five. Another twenty-five 
fquare : here is the death of Seneca, 
by Luca Giordano ; without any ex- 
preflion of charafter, or the lead trace 
of imagination. 

Edward VI. by Holbein.— Dednic- 
tionofTroy, by Brughill. 

The chimney- pieces and glafs- frames 
in all the rooms hitherto mentioned, 
are in a very heavy lade. 

The library one -hundred and eighty 
by forty-three in the principal part, 
the middle j and thirty at each end. 
This is the nobled room applied to 
this ufe I ever faw: at ohe end is a 
very fine datue of Queen Anne, in 
white marble, by Ry(brack 5 the front 
drapery of which is exceeding good. 
The chimney pieces are likewife in a 
better tade than any in the houfe. 
The marble piladers around it, are 
by no means ornamental enough j not 
proportionally fo with the other parts ; 
they diould certainly have been Corin- 
thian pillars. 

Tne chapel is handfome, but has 
nothing driking in it, except a very 
magnihcent monument of the duke 
and dutchefs, and their two children. 

Tlvere are no bed- chambers on the 
fird. floor. I diould obfcrve to you, 
that thofe rooms in which I have not 
mentioned pi^ures, are bung with at 
fine Brufiels tapeftries, as you ever be- 
held ; containing the hilWy of the 
great duke^s campaigns ; and in de • 
fign and colours are really admirable. 

Blenheim, upon the whole, caiy 
anfwer to none, who know it to be 
the monument of a nation*s gratitudes 
a pile raifed attheexpenceof thepub- . 
lie, and meant to be great and mag- 
nificent, yet every thing that the occa- 
fion called for, mieht, and would have 
been ede6ked, had not the execution 
fell to fuch a miferable architect as 
Vanbrugh, whofe buildings arc mo- 
numents of the vilcd tade. 

The 



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WILTON HOUSE 



1768. 

The pftHc it whj extentve, and 
wcU planted 4 the water exceedingly 
beaottfol ; bat the Rialto, at k is 
caUedy over k, a moft mtferabl^ hea- 
ry, ungraceful piece of architedure. 
One circomftance I fhall not omit, 
vfaicti iu the exceiTive infolenceof the 
posters at the park > gate, and at that 
tmto the court-yard i for I was a wit- 
nefs to their abufing a fingle gentle- 
man in a very fcurrilous manner, for 
Bot feeing them after giving the houfc- 
porter half a crown for feeing it. 
The perfen abufed complained aloud 
to (everal parties of this impudence, 
•end obferved that be had feen moft of 
fbe great houfes in the kingdom, but 
•ever k^tw a park or yard locked up 
by gentry who formed fpch a gaunt- 
kt. Him in the court, aflerted in an 
iofoleot manner, that the gate was 
bis liviog. I hint theie circumftances 
as a proof, that noblemen of the mod 
amiable charafter, like the duke of 
Mariberough, have, unknown tothem, 
the real magnificence of their feats 
tamiflied by the fcoundrel infolence 
of tlie loweft of their fervantt. The 
^ile cuftom of not batng able to view 
*a boale, without paying for the fighr, 
as if k waa exhibited by a (how man, 
itdeteftabie; but when it extends to 
double amd quadruple the common 
fees and impudence, the exorbitancy 
calls aJood for that public notice to 
be taken of it, which its meannefs 
lb will deserves. 

Defiription of tbe £:trl of Pembroke'/ 
/Ue Seat at Wilton. From tbe Same, 

MY Lord Pembroke's feat, at* 
thia place, is a very ancient 
botiding, having been a monaflery in 
the beginning of Queen Elizabeth's 
retgn: the difpofition of the apart- 
ments ii, of courfe, very irregular 5 
fcr which reafon jou muft excufc my 
being exa^, in going from one into 
another according to their (ituation. 

In the court, before the front, ftands 
a ootmnn of white Egyptian granate, 
with a llatoe of Venus on the top of 
it ; extremely fine and worthy of at- 
tention from the curious in thefe mat- 
ters. It is the fame as was fet up be- 
fore the temple of Venus Gcnctrix, . 
by Jalius Cacfar. In one of the n'u- 
chei of a pedefta!, in the inner court, 
i* ailitBc of Vtr.xn picking a thorn 



»95 

out of her foot ; the turn of the body 
is inimitable, and the expreflton of 
pain in her countenance, fine. 

The hall is -fifty feet by twenty-eight, 
with a gallery in the fame ftile as the 
Houghton one : it contains a vaft pro- 
fufion of iUtuet, bufts, and balTo re- 
lievos. I made memorandums of 
thofe which ftruck me moft ; for tbe 
number of the whole is fo great, that 
jt would almoft fill a volume to men- 
tion tiie beauties of them : the houfe- 
fleward fells a half-crown catalogue to 
thofe who chufc to purchafe it. 

Statue of Didia Clara; drapery ex- 
ceedingly fine. Ditto, Euterpe, by 
Cleomencs ; elegantly done. Buft of 
Nero J the countenance exprcflive of 
his foul. Ditto, of Lucilia j very fine. 
Statue of Hercules dying j vaft ex- 
preffion. An Alto Relievo, Saturn j 
mofl exquifitely performed. Ditto, 
Endymion afleep ; a wretched poflurc. 
Ditto, Satum crowning arts and 
fcitnces 5 verv fine. 

On each fide 'the door leading to 
the ftair-cafe, is a copy by Wilton ) 
one the Venus de Medicis, and the 
other Apollo pf Belvidere. Thefe 
are not only the bcft copies of thofe 
f^atues ill England, but are moft ini- 
mitably done. Let us lay afide all 
prejudices, upon account of their be- 
ing but copies, and -examine them for 
a moment as originals. The eafy, 
graceful attitude of the Apollo, was 
never exceeded 5 nor had ever drapery 
fo light, airy, and elegant an appear- 
ance 5 the robe falling on one fide, 
and thrown negligently over the 
ftrctched out arm, is a ftroke of grace 
beyond defcription. And the beauty 
and delicacy of the Venus amazingly 
fine. 

In the billiard -room. 

Statue of Marcus Antoninus j the 
hand turned behind the drapery very 
finely. Ditto, Vcnusj attitude fine, 
but bad drapery. In the chapel joom 
is a chimney-piece of Inigo Jones j but 
very heavy. Stfitue of a river nymph j 
exceedingly elegant. 
New dining-room, forty-five by twcr.« 
ty-one. 

Pid^urcs in this room, not mention- 
ed in the catalogue they fell at the 
houfe. 

M. Argelo. Fruit pieces. 

B b a " Z.ccb;irtlli. 



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1^6 



DESCRIBED. 



Zaccbarelli. LznACczpe. 

SalYiati. Our Savipur ia the wilder- 
nefs. 

Verhet* Landfcape, exceedingly 
fine ; the eltar obfcure inimitable. 

Vandyke. Hirofelf.— The Duke 
4'£rpernon. 

Rubens. Harveft Home. 

St. Luke. Virgin and our Saviour : 
You will be furprized to find St. Luke 
in a catalogue of painters ; but the 
houfc-kecper tells you, with a very 
grave face, there arc writings in the 
library which prove it : but it is too 
. good for Paleftine or Judea i it is very 
£ne. 

If I am not miftaken, it is this room 
that the dcfcent from the crofs, by Al- 
bert Durer, is removed into. It ap- 
pears to me to be one of the very fineft 
pieces in this colle^ion j it confiils 
of eleven figures of the mod capital 
expreHion. The bloody body of Chrift 
is wonderfully painted : I beg you 
will take particular notice of this pic- 
. ture, if ever you fee Wilton ; for it is 
by far the greateft work I have feen of 
this mailer's, and which ranks him 
with the greated of painters. 
The )iuntinc;- room, twenty- five fquare. 

I flopped for a while, to admire 

the bull of Mago ; that great genius, 

whofc hufbandry writings were the 

. only remnant Rome allowed of her 

proud rival, Carthage. 

Cube- room, thirty fquare. 

Double>€ube, fixty long, thirty 
broad, and thirty high : a moll elegant 
room, in which proportion plcafes 
every eye : a grcaur breadth v^ould 
polTibly be an improvement ; but tliere 
can be no comparifon betwen the pio- 
portion of this room, and thofe of 
cubes, or any other form, in which 
tlie height is equal to, or more than 
the length. One end is covered by 
the famous Pembroke family, by Van- 
dyke i one of the fined pi6luies of 
the kind in the world. Over the 
chimney is another Vandyke, exceed- 
ingly elegant ; King Cbarlcb's chil- 
dren. 

The tables in this room are won- 
^lerfully fine, particularly that of Ver- 
de-Antique In the lobby, I remark- 
et! a Sappho in ivory j of mod amaz- 
ingly fine fculpture, and in admirable 
"pertf^ion : here is a Nativity Wy Van 
E) cK J exceeding fi»e. 



April 

The kifig> bod*chalnbtr, thirty by 

twenty-five. 

The corner- room, twenty • five fcpiare. 

The pidlures which druck me moft 
in this room were, 

Titian. Mary Magdalen ; very fine. 

M. Angelo. Defcent from the croft| 
wonderfully great. 

Pominiciiino. Magdalen s flefla 
finely painted. 

Penni. Chrid adride upon a lamb: 
Jofeph's head exceedingly fine $ he it 
looking on. 

Vanderwerfe. Mars and Venus | 
very fine. 

Rubensf The four children; ex«^ 
ceedin|f elegant. It is faid to be the 
fined in England of this mafter* Na* 
tivity on copper; beautiful. 

In the black marble table roona^ 
Cleopatra fitting, with Cacfarion, her 
fon, on her lap, fucking; the attitude 
is extremely eafy and elegant. Venus 
aOeep ; beautiful. 

Inigo Joneses front is reckoned very 
fine; and certainly not without reafon. 
In the garden is an arcade ; the fron( 
of it like wife by Inigo, and beautifuk 
The dable piazza was alfo built by 
him. The bridge, built by the late 
earl of Pembroke, from a defign of 
Palladio, is edeemed very fine ; but I 
miud own, it did not anfwer my ex- 
pe£lations ; appearing to me, rather 
heavy. Upon the cold bath is a beau- 
tiful copy of the Antinous. 

To the AUTHOR of tbi LONDON 
MAGAZINE. 

Leigh, March z, 1768. 
A few approved Prefcriptions eonfirmed 

by Time and Trial. 
1. A Cure for chapped nipples , infuck* 
a\. M^.---An0int now and tben^ 
by a feather, with the oil that drops 
from toaded cheefe, than which there 
is not a better and more efficacious re- 
medy. 

2. To present fuppurattou ofivomins 
5rr/7/?/,*- -Apply a poultice of frefli 
milic, camomile dowers, Venice foap, 
iind fome fait ; which, if done in time, 
fcarce one bread in an hundred would 
fuppurate, or come to a fore. 

3. for chiUrens coughs.-- A(tcr bleed- 
ing and purging, gum tragacantb, in 
any Ihape given, has an excellent vir- 
tue in fubduing this troublefome dif- 
eafe, though even a chin-cough. 

4. For 



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1768. 



APPROVED Pr£scriptions« 



197 



^ F^an ahfcefi\ or a tkvpjy intbi 
hrtaf ^ or e*ven for a confumptioM,''"- 
T<p the thorax, with a proper trocar, 
between the ribs, to give vent to the 
detained, extravafated matter. The 
operation it fafe and eafy, though in- 
deed the fuccefs may rompttmet, in 
the laft cafe be uncertain $ yet, as long 
IS there is life there is hope, and bet- 
ter try than truft. 

5. To present abortions in the jirft 
flUBTA/.— -Take a tea fpoonful of Jefu- 
its bark with ten or twenty drops of 
acid elixir of vitriol mixed up toge- 
ther in a glafs of Spaw water dafhed 
with red wine, or in wine alone, two 
or three times a day.— There are 
ten times as many mifcarriages within 
two or three months of conception, 
than afterwards. For in weak wombs 
the menfss are apt to flow in thofe 
laonths of pregnancy, and drive' all 
away before them. 

6. Tor anx'uty of heart, "Ai from an 
inflammation, known by a hard, quick 
polfe, bleed and ufe emollients and di- 
ivters, with nitrous medicines ; but 
if from fpafms, or convulfions, ufe 
molk, caftor, preparations of amber, 
the gams and opiates. From the neg- 
Icd of this diflinction great errors 
have arifen in the cure of anxiety. 

7. for aphtha t or fmall ulcerations of 
ike moMib.^^Tht foftett medicines are 
to be ufed for the cure : as jelly of 
han(born, quince feed, or folution of 
gum tragacanth. Deco^ion of ioner 
riad of elm for a gargle ; and juice of 
roKiAed turneps are excellent. For 
common drink there is no better than 
wine mixed with a double quantity 
of water, and a little honey, drank 
warm ; and panada for food. 

t. For a diabetes and lafk,'~-^^Di\n\i 
Hme water, or allum poifet, for a few 
days, as freely as the ftomach can 
well bear. 

9. For am anafarca^ or fkin dropj).—- 
Calomel joined with jalap j as five 
graios of the fird with twenty of the 
a& mixed, and taken in a little honey 
or conferve, twice a week, or as 
ireagtb can bear it. The feat ot this dif- 
eaie is in the reticular, or adipofe mem- 
braiie, for which f-Acct mercury is a 
ijpeci^c ; and the jalap is added, that 
Qe water may pa(8 off by itool, and 
BOt by the falival glands. 

10. For afnrbutic thffentery^ or bloody 
jtnx } oi alfo for afluor albus i and jor 



an atrophy i or tvafltng away of tie 
>fi^.— — Suck the white of a new laid 
e|^, each morning fading, and con- 
tinue fo to do for a month or two. 

11. For a fluor albus, emd lafk like^ 
««;f/ir.— Take a fpoonful of decoftion 
of Ipecacuanha each night at bed time ; 
to be continued for a feafon. To be 
made by boiling half an ounce of that 
root grofsly powdered, in a pint of 
water about twenty or thirty minutes. 

12. For the yrtf/n^.— — Mix, with 
cream of tartar one ounce, half aa 
ounce of flowers of brimftone, fepa* 
rately rubbed fine, firft in a ftone mor- 
tar j divide the mixture into eleven 
powders j take one in a ftrong decoc- 
tion of liquorice root, once or twice a 
day>for a longtime. 

1 3 . if « effe&ual glyfierfor a loofenefs. — • 
Boil an ounce of pomegranate peel, 
grofsly powdered, in half a pint of 
water half an hour, towards the end 
add as much red wine, and boil it a 
little longer ; drain it o^, and, when 
luke warm, let half be injefted forcea- 
bly, and retained as long as poflible. 
To be repeated if need. Beyond all 
other aftringents this glyfter is moft 
prevalent in (lopping a lafk attended 
with no pain, and that arifes not ic^ 
much from the quantity of the mat- 
ter, and its acrid (harp nature, as 
from a relaxation and lubricity of the 
intedines. 

14. The heart' burn, -^l^ from bile 
drink water acidulated with lemon, or 
rather orange juice. If from acids, 
ufe tedaceous and alk^iline medicines, 
which in the former cafe exafperates 
the complaint ; but if from excoria- 
tion, fweet oil and fpernia-ceti is the 
propered application. 

15. An unt^erfal balfam to drefs fores 

fwiih^ called Linimentirn Arcai, Melt 

three ounces of ho5's lard with fix 
ounces of goits fuet (if you can get it) 
or mutton fuet, then add of Venice 
turpentine and gum elemi, each four 
ounces : drain it. This unguent has 
been long in ufe, and is fitter for di- 
geding, cleanling and incarning, than 
yellow bafilicon, which is too (harp 
for fome flcfh, or indeed any other 
compofition of this kind whatfocver. 
But if even this be too (harp, drefs 
with an unguent made of wax only, 
mdtcd down with fweet oil. 

J. Coor. 



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19* 



Rebuke of FL<ATTERy 



To the AUTHOR pf the LONDON 
MAGAZINE. 
S I R» 

1AM a country gentleman, one of 
thofe who love reading as well as 

hunting or fhooting. Among the 

many magazines, or monthly produc- 
tions, there is not one which I read 
with To much pleafure and ratisfa6tion 
as yours.-*— It is, as we ufed to fay 
at Icbool, utiU dulcu Among the ma- 
ny letters on divinity lately publifhcd, 
there is not one which I have read 
with greater attention than the letter 
fignedN. N. p. 91. probably the au- 
tlior may write like a fchoiar, but as 
I cannot pretend to criticife on h\i 
remarks on the following ttxt — Ve 
are by nature cbildreH of nvrat b ■ I 
.will for once believe what he writes on 
thi^ occaHon, though I always read it 
in a literal fenfe , agreeable to the Eng- 

lifh tranflation. But, fu*, I think 

be has no authority from fcripture to 
afTert, that the Pfalmifl, when he de- 
clares, ** that he was (ha pen in ini- 
quity, and in (in hath my mother con- 
ceived mt^only laments his propen(ity 
to fame Jins,^^ I rather apprehend this 
is a fort of excufe for his great pro- 
pen(ity to An and wickednefs in gene- 
Kil, from the corruption which he, 
and all mankind, received origina/fy 
from our firik parents. Which your 
author feems to deny. That there is 
a general corruption is certainly a(rcnt- 
ed to by the articles of our religion. 

Sec article JX. Certain I am— I 

too fatally experience in my own per- 
fon, though advanced in years 
That mmyfiefl) duuelletb no good thing-" 
to *will if prefent ivith me^ but ho<w to 
perform that ivbich is good 1 knoav not, 
but, as St. Paul obferi'es, through Je- 
fui Chrifl, Let the author of the let- 
ter in your Magazine con(ider the 
above quotation with the following 
vcrfes — and then I (hall be much 
obliged if he will fet pen to paper once 
more, (though he has declared the 
contrary) and give me his opinion on 
the following queries. 

Whether in his juvenile days he was 
not more addiftcd to vice than virtue ? 
Whether in the Jirength of manhood the 
flejb did not lufi d^ainfi the fpirit^ /tnd 
tbefpirit againft thefiejb? And if he^had 
efcaped the temptations of the devil, 
the world and the flcfli, wjicther it 
was not more owing to the good ex- 



. April 

ample, and pious ihftrti^^iom of hit 

parents and tutors, than to his own 
natureil firength? And if he had been 
left to follow nature, whether he bad 
not been like numbers of his fellow - 
creatures 5 by nature a chiid of mirati^ 
that is, liable to God*s wrath and in- 
dignation*? And laftly, whether the 
pagination of man^s heart ts not evil 
from his youth ^ May we not then con- 
chide with the apoiUe, that as by th$ trf^ 
fence of '9ne judgment teune upon aU nun 
to condemnation, Rom. i. iS. (bbl«r- 
fed be God, by the righteoufnefs.of 
one, the free gift came upon all men 
unto juftification of life. 

I am, iir, youi* humble (irrvant, 
March ao, 176S. M. M. 

"To the AUTHOR of the LONDON 
MAGAZINE. 
S I R, 

WHAT gave rife to the prefent 
addrefs, was, my having late- 
ly been moft egregiouAy flattered by 
one of your (ex, which led roe to 
refledl upon that ridiculous cuftom, 
and to wi(h earneftly it was not fuch 
a prevalent one. 

I would engage the men, from mo- 
tives of gooduatmre, to leave off this 
cruel fport upon our fex : for it is no- 
torious their adulation is frequently, 
if not moft commonly, addre(red to 
young perfons who have no other title 
to beauty than the mere bloom and 
vivacity of youth, which gives an 
agreeablenefs to features otherwife 
plain : and this, a few years t>ften 
evinces to all the world except them- 
felves : and what is the confequence- 
of that ? they fret at being no longer 
obje6ls of admiration, (for poifonom 
as flatteiy is, at it undeniable we love 
the foothing vanity, till experience 
has taught us to perceive, the fallacy 
of it, to procure us any real fatis- 
fa6(ioii) and the next thing is, they 
run through all thofe methods, (o 
well traced by abler pens than mine» 
(therefore (hall not repeat them) to 
regain a frothy approbation, which 
neverthelefs, worthlefsasit is, with all 
their art, that being feen through, 
they cannot recover ^ and at lad fit 
down difcon tented, and repinir^ at 
tiie imaginary lofs of wfiat in fa6^ 
x\\ty never polTeded : whereas had 
thefe fame women never been talked 
into the notion of beauty, they had 
probably 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



1768* 

probaUy never adofited it, but paflcd 
tiiroogh life with a happy indiife- 
reiice of what the world thought of 
thdrpcrtoBS, ibHdtoiis only, to adorn 
their minds with fuch ufeful know- 
ledge, as would tend to make them 
the beft daughters, fifters, wivet, mo- 
thfrt. Let then, your good nature 
Iweaftcr bear fway, and no longer 
follow a pra^ice that may make one 
vcraan^ lefs happy, or le(s amiable, 
than ihe wouhl otherwife be— ^-I 
vould urge the men to confine their 
f?tech within thofe juft limits of think- 
io^, they would have us believe reigns 
in tbtir minds in refpcd to their own 
pieifarci for do they not deprive them- 
yretof an exquifite enjoyment, when 
they have by their ridiculous adulaMon 
tamed an' amiable pretty woman, 
icto a iifping, lolling, infulferabiy af- 
feded impertinent ^ and that this is 
often the confeqaence, with ladies 
who are formed by nature really 
charming, nobody can deny, why 
vill they then, by words that bear 
ooljr a " femblance of regard, caft a 
doid upon the fincft exhibition of 
oatore which the wifeft of their fex 
confeffiNlly allow a woman of true 
beauty, without an apparent confciouf- 
ac6oif it, to be ? do not plead it can- 
not be amifs, if there's ground for 
what you fay. ** You do but tell them 
tiie truth, &c.'*— depend upon it they 
bare diicernment as well as yourfclves, 
and therefore at beft it is needlefs, 
always trifling, and moft commonly 
fo contemptibly performed, you would 
Wolh at the repetition of your own 
wprdTions. This I aver from know- 
^«igc, as fure no woman with fo fmall 
1 ibarc of beauty as myfclf, was ever 
nore complimented upon it ! and to 
tbe nonfcnfe which conveyed the flat- 
^fry to my ears, perhaps it is owing, 
^ I do not believe them, but can, 
■ben honeft daylight (hews me as I 
*B, look in my glafs, and fay, an 
illafive thing indeed, is beauty, if I at 
^y time cairy it in my countenance ! 
* comely hrcwn woman perhaps I ap- 
P^r by candle-light, if my own 
)u«Jgroent may be taken; but even that 
niay be faying- loo much ; however, I 
fi»all not go about to defcribe myfelf ^ 
^Qch as I am, I am the work of infi- 
nite wifdom, without any contri* 
Jw»ceof jny own, and with that 1 dc- 
"'^tp be content. 



On the F a I r - S e X. 



199 

And now, poilibly, fbtnfe (heering 
Mr. Gravity, may fay, ** what a tci* 
dious pack of ftnit has this woman been 
fcribbling, for nothing— as the pret^ 
fellonffs, who ahne are found thefooliu 
whiiperers of fuch trumpery aa Ihe 
hints at, are as incapable of bein|^ 
moved by fentimental refiedkions, as a 
wild Hottentot; their capacities reach'* 
ing no further then managing their 
fine drefTed machines with a jauntf 
air, and uttering a few of the common- 
place complimentary phrafes in quef- 
tion, with a fafhionable ll-are, or grin, 
devoid of meanin^^, and thoughtleft 
of confequences ot them, they having 
no ideas ?"— To which I anfwer, if 
mo man of fenfe is confaous to himfelf 
that he has ever fallen into this folly, C 
accufe him'not, and only add, let him 
perfevere in his wifdom ; while my 
poor attempt fall^ (hort of its marl^ 
I am. Sir, for the trouble I give yon 
to publilh this, 

Your obliged humble fervant, * 

Amanda. 
• P. S. I cannot difmifs the fubjedi, 
without a hint to my own fex, to con* 
iider, tboie very men who commend 
our beauty, at the fame time defpife 
our underftandings, if they fee us 
elated by it, and never fail, in abfence, 
to ri'iicule the vain creatures they 
themfelves have iirft nuuU fo. I juft 
glanced at my age, that though not 
very young, I might not be fnppofed 
fo far advanced in old-maidifm tn 
have my whole defign imputed to a 
feverity which fometimes prevails 
amongll that unfortunate clan of fe- 
males. All I mean being to expreft 
my wifhes, at leaft, towards promoting 
the real fattsfa6kion of both fexea. 

February 14., 1768. 

To the AUTHOR of ihe LONDON 

MAGAZINE. 

SIR, Feb. ig, ly^t, 

Y. Z. whofe performances promife 
entertainment to the readers 
of your Magazine, being detected in 
ufing an un)uftifiahle method, to dif* 
fwade a young gentleman from taking 
orders, as appears in lad vol. p. 464 t 
feems now to be better reconciled to the 
facred fun^ion, and by his panegyrick 
upon a work he has raifed from obli- 
vion, to point out a road, in which he 
himfelf having travelled fafe, cannot 
choofe but recommend to his pupil. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



200 On Romans 

at the ih*eight «nd ready road to prt- 
rerment •• But why docs your cor- 
re^ondent introduce the Oxford pro- 
feftbr, as he is pleafed in Teeming de- 
rifion to call him, and treat him as 
the conttaft ef his diftinguidied hero ? 
To revive a contention between Paul 
and Apollos, and fet thofe at variance, 
who we now hope are perfedtiy united 
in the fame mind, and in the fame 
ladgment, is odious : As a caution 
therefore to Y. Z. againft pronounc- 
ing dogmatically in a difputable point, 
we will fuppofe Mofes to have been 
cited in form, to appear, and take his 
trial in Wcftminftcr hall, whether he 
was an ambaffador fent from God or 
not ; and that the divine author, be- 
ing retained as counfel for the defen- 
dant, to difjplay his oratory, (hould of- 
fer a whimutal plea in defence of his 
client, without fo.much as the (ha- 
dow of truth. A fiftitious ftate of the 
cafe, fupported with citations of au- 
thorities without number^ might, we 
will allow, (hew our advocate to be 
an bclluolibrorum j Butqucre, would 
it not invalidate his caufe in the opi- 
Dion of the court, and give occafion 
to the counfel on the other (ide, 
thus to retort upon him ? A wife ru- 



viii. 19. April 

of the omiflion, has (Irengthnet) the 
caufe of religion, I leave others ^m 
]udg«> And am 

Your humble fervant 



A. B. 



Ta 



the AUTHOR of the LONDON 
MAGAZINE. 
SI R, 

TH E diflcrtation, in your Maga- 
zine of November, on Rom. vxii. 
19. &c. put me upon an inquiry, whe- 
ther in order to explain the pafTage^ 
it is not nccefi'ary to look back to the 
fifth chapter, where the apoftle having 
(hewn, that, by the difobcdience of 
Adam, fin entered into the world, 
and death by (in, and that death pafled 
upon all men, for that all havelinned; 
fo by the obedience of* one, the 
grace of God, and that gift by grace 
came upon all men, unto juftincation 
of life ', that as fm hath reigned unto 
death through Adam, even fo might 
grace reign through righteoufnefs unto 
eternal life hy Jcfus Chriftj by whom, 
having received the atonement, tbey^ 
who are fpiritual, being jullified by 
his blood, (hall be faved from wrath 
through him. And proceeding in 
the eighth chapter to (hew the diffe- 



ler, commiflioncd to frame laws for rcnce between the fpiritual and carnal 



the government of a rebelliout , ftub- 
born people, will, in order to enforce 
obedience to his laws, and keep them 
from revolting to a pretended fupre- 
macy, propofe every motive of weight, 
and Gonfequence, and omit no one 
fanfiion of reward, or punifhment, 
either prefent, or future, to fecure 
their fubmilTion, and faithful allegi- 
ance to their rightful fovcreign. To 
fuppofe Mofes not to have done fo, is 
to fuppofe him ignorant of what 
would (crvc to keep the Ifraelitcs in fuh- 
|e£iion, and at a diftance from rebel- 
lion and apoftacy, to which they were 
notorioufly prone. A true believer 
can never fuppofe this, and therefore 
will conclude with great confidence, 
that Mofes has no^ omitted the im- 
portant fanition of a future ilatc. 
The tribe uf infidels and freethinkers, 
taking the ipfc dixit of a great name, 
for pofitive proof, will as confidently 
affirm, that Mofes has omitted that 
fan^iion, and was therefore ignorant 
of it, and confequently an impoitor. 
Whether Y. Z. in deciding in favour 



man, and the advantage which the 
one hath over the other, how that to 
be carnally minded is death, but to be 
fpirituaily minded is life and peace, 
and that as many as are led by the 
fpirit of God, they are the fons of 
God, but the carnal mind is entirely 
againft God, fo that they that are ia 
the flefh, are fold under fm, and can- 
not pleafe God. The queftion hence 
arifing is ; whether the man thus bom 
after the fle(h, void of all fruit of the 
fpirit, and in bondage to the law of 
fin and death, is not the fame, whom 
the apoftle in the nineteenth vcrfe 
llyles a creature, and whether by that 
word is not meant the idolatrous 
heathens, who not having the know- 
ledge of God, and not being fubjeift 
to the law of God, were (liut out fronr\ 
the privileges of the fons of God ? 
which privileges, the apoftle fets at 
fo high a rate, ver. 18, as not to al- 
low the fuiferings, to which they 
who walked after the fpirit (the be- 
lieving Jews) who he ttyles the fons of 
God were expoied,' worthy to be com- 

paietl 
• See Mag, far .Dectmbtr lafiy p, 629. 



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iy€8. 



A QjLT ESTiON Solved* 



pared with the g]of7 which (hotild be 
reveaJed ia them. Which glory being 
mmifefted by the coming of Chrift 
ill the fieihy (the expedlation of the 
Gentiles at well as the Jews) and 
preached by the af>ofties, even the 
creatttre, (the carnal man) united 
with eameft expe^ation for the ap- 
pearance of it in the Tons of God> in 
hope of the iorig expefVed prbmiicd 
fired, whereby he himfeif (hocrid be a 
psrtaker of the fame glory, being 
delirered from the bondage of cor- 
rspcioriy unto the glorions liberty of 
tbe ions of God : Including the whole 
twentieth verfc except the two laft 
vardsy within a Parentheiis. I fubmit 
to tbe judgment of the learned, whe- 
iber from the eighteenth vcrfe to the 
twenty -fourth, the following para- 
fhrafe up^o the text is reconcileable 
to tbe apoftles meaning : 

For the earneft expe^ation of the 
CF»nire, (of mail in his depraved 
fate, carnally minded, and not ftib- 
]ed to the law of God) waiteth for 
tiie manifeftation of the Tons of God, 
(for the appearance of the glory which 
ftnU be manifefted in the font of God, 
tftafe who are led by the fpirit of God, 
tad are made free from the law of 
fm and death, in hope, (that being 
redeen^ed fro«n under the curfe, they 
aib may receive the adoption of fons.) 
For tbe creature (the Gentile or carnal 
man) was made fabje6b to vanity, to 
worfhip and truft in vain Gods; to 
walk after vanity, and things wherein 
there is no profit •) not willingly, but 
by reafon of him who hath fubje^Ved 
the fame (who by bis tranfgrenion 
bath fubje^cd his poderity to the 
pover of vain imaginationit, fuch as 
RukingGods untothemfel ves, and lerv. 
i/iFthem which are no Gods, the fatal 
ffe^ofourfirftparentsdifobediencef) 
Becaufe the creature itfelf, (the carnal 
man) (hall be delivered from the bon- 
dage of corruption. (The diftin€lion 
Veureen Jew and Gentile being rcnlev 
ed; the Gentiles alio (hall be redeemed, 
ai^ made free from the law of fin and 
death.) For we know that the whole 
crtation (every creature both the un- 
heliering Jew and the Gentile) groan- 



20 1 

ctb afld travatleth in pafo together tui. 
til DOW) and not only they, butw>< 
ourfelves alfo, (the believing Jews) 
which have 1 he firft fruits of tbe fpirit^ 
(which are the fit^ born of the goi^d, 
heirs of the promife and joint heirs 
with Chrift) even we ourfelves groan 
within ourfelves, for the adoption, to 
wit, the redemption of ottr 'bodiei 
(the renewal of our carnal and cormp- 
tiblf part fubjed to death flie wages of 
fm.) Admitting the above not to ba 
foreign to the meaning of the apdfliey 
the following verfcs to tbe ti^cai^i 
eighth are eafily expbined. 

Your bumble fervanf. - 
February as, 1768. N. N* 

Solution to thi Slf^Jlion in our UfttnLp* 
674^ by tbe Propofir. 

TRANSPOSfE all the terms on' the 
fecond fide of the equation, atid 
range them according to the dimen- 
fions of the higheft power of x, and 
the equation becomes, 
if 5 — loaxA -f. 4oa^Arl — SokHx* + 
Sotf4jr — 3i/x5 2: o; now this plainly 
appears to be the 5th power of a refi- 
dual ; and in any power of a binomials 
or refidual, if each term ht multiplied 
by the index of the unknown quan- 
tity therein, (and divided by ^hat \% 
common) it will thereby be reduced 
to the next iafcrior power, thus ^x^ 
— 4orMf* + iioa^x^ — iSoa^x^ + 
%oa^x. Now divide by 5*, and we have, 
xA — %ax^ + «4<wr- — 32/iljf + 160*. 
Again 4jr4 — li^ax"^ + 48^*"* — ^ialx} 
Now divide by 4;r and we have xi -^ 
6ax^ -f iia^x — 8^5. Again 3XJ — 
iiax* -1- txaT, Now divide bv ^jt, 
and we have x^ — /\mx -|- 4^. Again, 
2;r* — - 4AX' this divided by %x, and 
we get X — ' %a == o : x iz 2a zz tZ 
her age required. 

Extras from The Cife of the Dnke of* 
Portland, refpeC^mg two Leafef 
granted by the Lords of the Treafury 
to Sir James Lowther. 

ON the 9th of July, 1767, Sit 
James lowthcp prefented a me- 
morial to the treafury, praying a gr^nt 
of the foreft of Inglei^^ood, and Soc- 



• Jer. xi*v. ai. Are there any emong the vanities of the G entiles , that can 
taafe rain f Or can the beo'vens (tbe Godf of tbe Gentiles) giveJhQiMers ? 

t ASs iciv. 15. And preach unto you ^ that ye Jhoidd turn from tbtfe vanitiesi 
MMt9 the living God, 

April, 1768. Q Q cajje 



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CASE OF 



S02 

cage of the Caftle of CarU(lB» which 
the duke of Portland enjoys under a 
erant from King William, and which 
^is family have been in quiet poiTefHon 
of between fixty and feventy years. 
The memorialift, Sir James Lowther» 
(ays he is informed, that the poffcflTion 
ei the premifes has been for many 
years withheld from the crown, and 
that no benefit whatever arifes to the 
crown therefrom, therefore prays a 
kaft of his majefty's intereft therein, 
for three lives, on fuch terms as to 
their lord(hips (hall feem meet. This 
memorial, the board of trcafury referr- 
ed to the. furveyor general of crown 
Unds for his opinion, thereon. His 
report in anfwer to the board, dated 
the 7th of Auguft, 1767» fay»i that 
the forcft of Inglewood, and foccage 
of Carlide, were not iconveyed by 
King William's grant to the carl of 
Portland, but were dill vcftcd in the 
crawn, be therefore recommends a 
Icafc of the premifes to be granted to 
§ir Jjtfnes Lowther, for three Jives on 
ceruin r^erved rents, viz. 50I. per 
ann. for the foccage of Carlide, and 
15s. 4d. for the foreft, and. a thir4 

Sirt in both of the rent of fuch lands, 
c. as (ball be recovered from the 
duke of Portland. 

This. report of the furveyor general, 
who is not a lawyer himfelf, was re- 
Hirned to the treafury without having 
taken the opinion of the attorney or 
(blli^itor general, though en a point 
of law, or hearing the duk< of Port- 
Jand> lawyers in defence of his title. 
This officer called furveyor general is 
a perfon not known in the law, nor 
in any fort conneded with it. He is 
fuppofed to be converfant in the know- 
ledge of metes and bounds, afcertain- 
ing the value of lands and houfes, 
and the fetting of fines, inconfequence 
of fuch knowledge. Such queftions 
as thefe, . and not points of laW| are 
the projjer fubje^ of reference to him i 
for he js no more than a keeper of 
the king's maps or land furveyor, 
and neither by profeiTion nor office has 
the lead conne6tion with the law. 
The prefent furveyor general is an 
elderly gentleman, who has loft his 
iieht by aee, and is himfelf incapable 
of bufineS, which therefore devolves 
de fa6io upon his deputy Mr. Zachary 
Chambers. Think then of the duke 
of Portland's title, which is to be ei- 
i 



April 



ther defeated or fupported by a' lo»g 
train of precedents, ufages, conftruc- 
tions, grants, furve>s, perambola- 
tions, verdidls and innumerable a6ts 
of owtierfiup for three hundred years 
back (from the time of Richard HI. 
when duke of Gloucefter) being de- 
cided between the 9th of July and the 
7th of Auguft^ without any confulta- 
tion with the crown lawyers, by Mr. 
Chambers the furveyor's deputy. 

I would not aver indeed that the 
lords of the treafury have been 
entirely deiUtute of dl legal help^ 
for it has been (hrewdly fufpe^* 
ed, from the impoffibility of an ab* 
ftrufe queftion in law being ftated by 
fuch an officer, that Sir James Low* 
thcr's lawyeis affifted to draw up that 
report, in their client's fiivour, which 
was prefented to the board as from the 
furveyor general. 

But, to return to the narrative^ 
this report in favour of Sir James 
Lowther, whether drawn up by his 
own lawyer or the deputy furveyor, 
VI as prefented to the board on the 7th 
of Augiifts but the hoard thought 
themfelves under no obligations to in- 
form the D. of Portland, whofe pro- 
perty was fo materially attacked, of 
their proceedings, though his agents 
attended day by day at the tresuury, 
from the middle of Augaft to the end 
of the month, upon a vague report 
that fomething of the' lund was in 
agitation. After many days atten- 
dance, a friend of the duke of Port* 
land, whom his agent knew (a mem- 
ber of parliament) came to the trea- 
fury upon fome other bufinefs: through 
his means the agent applied to the 
fecretary of the treafury ifor informs* 
tion, who anfwered he could give no 
papers without orders from the board. 
Upon this, the duke of Portland^a 
friend applied dire^ly to a lord of the 
treafury, who procured copies of what 
htd pafied. I will obferve here that, 
in common practice, where any oneHs 
property is attacked,- he ought to have 
the earlieft notice to (land upon hi a 
defence. The boaid of treafury might 
have informed the duke of Portland, 
at any time between the 7th of Au- 
gud and the end of the month, for 
his agent attended conftantly ; the 
clerks of the treafury knew this yery 
well i bDt even fuppoGng the board 
not to know of the ^genfs attendance^ 

yet 



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jet the <liike of 



tb^ Bttke of PoptUnd. 



Portliod himfelf » 
Bot (o entirely unknown but tbat thc^ 
(ecretary of the treafury might have 
informed him by letter. 

On the id of September the duke of 
Portland received authentic informa- 
tion (notwithftanding all the filence 
and refer ve of office) of Sir Jamet 
Loirtber^s memorial and the furveyor 
seneral^ft report, for fo it U called. 
He immediately applied for a fuipen- 
&>B of all proceedings in the matter* 
till he had an opportunity of laying 
his title before the board. The trca- 
ihry, in the interim, had adjourned 
till the 9th of O^ober, and during 
this vacation, all lawyers at this time 
of the year being abfent from Londoui 
tbe duke of Portland could make but 
Htde progrcfs in preparing his title 
(ac the l^rd. In the beginuing of 
Odober (riz. on the Sth) caveats were 
entered in the offices of the chancellor 
of the Exchequer and the auditor of 
tbe land revenue for the county of 
Cumberland, to prevent any leafe or 
rrant paffing to Sir James Lowther by 
farprife. The proper fees were paid 
at each office, and the caveats receiv- 
C1I, and* for a greater caution, a ca- 
veat was entered with the clerk of the 
patents to the great fcal. But, in re- 
<pc^ of the board of treafary, which 
b not an office of law, the duke of 
Portland, inftead of a caveat, pre- 
feoted a memorial, praying to be heard 
by counfel, in defence of his own ti- 
tle, before the board proceeded to any 
zSt in conf^quence of Sir James Low- 
ther's application. 

This rcqueft from the duke o^ Port- 
land to be heard in defence of his ti- 
tle, before the treafury came to any 
extermination againft him, produced 
the following reply, from the fecre- 
tary oi the treafury by order of the 
board. 
Treafury chamben, Od. 10, 1767. 

My lord, 
A memorial of your grace^s to the 
board of treafury, with rcfpc£t to the 
fore(( of Inglewood, was delivered to 
me yefterday, by your grace's agent. 
I did not lofe a moment in bringing 
it before the lords, I gave it place of 
all other papers, and upon its being 
read, the duke of Grafton and the 
other lords were pleafed to direft me 
to acqueint your grace, that if you be 
pieced to lay before' them a ftate of 



your claim, and title to tbe Ibref^ 6f 
Ingleweod, they would refer it-ta 
the furveyor general, and fend hini 
back alfo, at the fame time his report 
upon the memoriai of Sir Jamei Low* 
ther for his farther confideration. And 
I am dirtied aUb to affure y^ur jfractf 
that m fiep Jhau be taken ttrwards the dg^ 
ctfion of the matter m que^itn, till jmr 
grace's title boj beenjiaud^ referrgd twk 
and reported on by the proper Officer ^ and 
fully and maturely eon/idired by tbe board 
of treafury, 
I have the flonour to be, &c. 

Grey Coopbb« 
From this time, the duke of Port- 
land trufting to the full aflbrancea 
from the board, and therefore that 
his laboui's would not be thrown 
away, continued to employ his agents 
in preparing his title. Their time 
was employed in infpe£ti ng and uking 
copies of a great variety of evidencct 
in many of tlte public offices. But in 
order to examine whether the^ fa^ 
ftated in the furveyor^s report were 
truly and impartially ftated, it was 
thought defirable to have recourfe to 
his office, to infped the furveys, court 
rolls, and muniments on which he 
founded his report. 

The agents of the duke of Portland 
made no doubt of obtaining permif- 
fion to infpe^^ the furveyor*s office § 
accordingly application was made to 
Mr. Chambers for that purpofe} 
which application however he refufed 
to comply with. This refufal of Mr. 
Chambers to produce the vouchers 
for the contents of his report, did not 
at all contribute to leflen the fufpi- 
cion of the duke of Portland's agents, 
that the fa6ls alledg^ in the furveyor*t 
report might be partially ftated, tho* 
the treafurv entertained it with fuch 
implicit deference. 

However, upon this di&ppointment« 
the dukf of Portland's agents think- 
ing they could fully employ their time 
among other offices, till the meeting 
of parliament, when he was expe^ed 
in town, determined fo to do» and 
to apply to him when he came, to ob- 
tain an infpe&ion into the furveyor *f 
office. Accordingly, on the. 15th of 
November, the very next day after 
the meeting of parliament, the duke 
of Portland met the duke of Grafton 
at couit, and had a conference with 
him on the lul)je£t. In a few days 
C c a . tht 



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f04 



S T It A M b B C O M D tJ C T 



tbedtikc of Po^land prefeiit«d « tne- 
moria) to the treaiury, dated Decern-* 
ber the fecond. The memorial prays 
(ia regmrd ibat ail public rtcmrdt cugbi, 
0md by ail courts of juiikaturt art dire^' 
Hi to bi inf^eSedfor thi bi/ujSi oftbe far^ 
ttesimer^^} an order from the trea* 
fury for the in^pe^on of fucb lurveyt^- 
court it>U*y &c..a« related to the mat- 
ter In que^ion. On the next day the 
jR^cretarV of the treafury informed the 
duke of Portland's agent, that their 
lordflitps had granted the requeft as to 
the infpe^tion of the furvevor's officei 
not^upcn the foundation of right, but 
as a matter of candour and civility, 
»nd that fuch an order would be drawn 
up by Mr. Watkins, the clerk in whofe 
department fuch bufinefs wai. 

The agent applied to Mr. Watkins, 
who put him off till the middle of 
next week ; the order was afterwards 
called for twice, the firft time the 
clerk was not in the way, but the 
next day appeared, and took his itt 
for the order, and faid that it had been 
fent to the fnrvcyor general 5 he was 
applied to for a copy, but would not 
give one, alledging, that the order 
lent to the furveyor general was fuffi- 
cient. Application was then made at 
the deputy furveyor's, to know if they 
bad received it. They denied that 
9ny Aich order had been /ent, although 
they had returned an anfwer to the 
treafury two days before, remonftrat- 
ing againft any order for infpe^tion 
by thofe who litigate the rights of the 
crown. Then farther application 
was made at tbe treafury, to bunt out 
this fuppofed order which Mr. Cooper 
had told them the lords, out of their 
great candour and civility, had given 
inftrudions, for, and in this n^anner 
were tbe agents tofied about' from 
pillar to poft. from tbe sd of Decem- 
ber till Chriftmas. 

But notwitbftandsng this order and 
the jpromife made by the lords of the 
treafury, witbnut tbe leaft previous 
notice or citation to the duke of Port- 
bnd, to Uy the particulars of his title 
before the board, and while his arents 
were preparing his title under inftruc- 
lions from the board, and were amuf- 
ed with the expe^ation of an order 
for infpe^tion, the grants were ac« 
tnaUy executed (ail but the Exche- 
quer feal) before tbe duke of Port- 
land or bis agents were even apprifcd 



April 

that the inrpe6Hon of the fbrveyor** 
office was denied. 

A motion was made on tbe lytfa 
of February, r76S, ih pai-Hament by 
Sir George Savile, and feconded by. 
Sir Anthony Abdjr, for leave to brin^ 
in a bill for quieting the pofTeflions or 
the fubjed^, and for amending and 
rendering more effe^ual an aft of 
the lift of James I. for the general 
quiet of the fubjeft again ft all pre- 
tences of concealment whaifoever. 

The purport of this aft of stft of 
James I. is, that a quiet and uninter- 
rupted enjoyment for 60 years before 
the pafling of the aft, of any eftate 
originally derived from the crown, 
ihaTi bar the crown from, any right of 
fuit to recover fuch eflate, under pre- 
tence of any fiaw in the grant, or 
other defeft of title. This aft, at 
that time, therefore fccurcd theriglua 
of fuch as could prove their pofTeflibnr 
60 years, but by it's very nature, has 
been continually dimini(hin|^ in it*s 
efFeft, and departing from it's prin- 
ciple, fince, St would now become as 
neceilary to prove a pofleflion of 105 
years, as it was then to prove 60. 
Thus by a kind of retrograde inver- 
fion of the principle, fecurity waftes 
and weakens, inftead of gaining 
flreneth, by time and pofTtflion : And 
he who has longeft-cnjoyed, is the moft 
perplext, and majr now be moft lia- 
ble to any vexatious law- fuit, that* 
any board of treafury, to Urvt any 
clandefHne porpofi!, may at any rime 
pleafe to iimitute. The propo(kl to 
amend that bill, and to render it mpre 
effeftual towards tbe qniet of the 
fubjeft, was /imply th>^ that an un- 
difturbed poiTcmon of 60 years (or 
any fuch term as parliament (hould 
have thoueht proper) to be taken 
backwards from the time bein^, fliould 
be a fecurity from any fuit to be 
commented by tbe crown, or any of 
it's minifters. 

This motion was introduced upon 
public grounds, and foppprted upon 
thofe principles only, without any 
]>0rronal attack upon the adminiftra- 
tion or the members of the treafury^ 
nay exprefsly guarded againft even the 
appearance of ferving any immediate 
and perfonal purpofe, or taking in any 
pendent or recent cafe. 

The leaders of the late parHament, 

with all their ftore of prerogative 

doArincs^ 



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ijet. 



Of the T 



ifedrinet ooWkl not look k in the fzct^ 
but after baling expofcd the blackneft 
of tlieir fecret tboaghtt, even with a ve» 
ml najoritv of tb recto oneonanyother 
qoeltion» tocy did not dare to divide 
vpon tliist their moft implicit depen- 
<Saats tt any other time having refuied 
to iight vnder the high flying banners 
of prerogative (et up by them. Be- 
ing defeated in this attempt, tiiev 
cook] only obtain a delay of this bill, 
after the univerfal (enfe of the hoiif« 
(the few minifterial advocates for pre- 
rogative excepted) was exprefled, for 
taking up the caufe in the firft fefTion 
of the next parliament. Even this 
delay was carried only by a majority 
of twenty. 

Two parts of a plot may be going 
cm together, but tt is not e^y to de- 
loibe them in the fame breath. The 
poor agtnu are all this time quite in 

the dark^ though continually attend- an order from the board of treafory 
They are mm- as any common clerk, in refptSt to 



R t A t u R y« 205 

aay memorial from the duke of Porr- 
laiid*s counlel, who are gentlemen of 
the firft eminence in the law, and 
were then in towni and the confe- 
ooence was, that the leafes wens 
ugned and executed by the lords of 
the treafory, and nothing remaijied 
but the chancellor of the £xchcquer*t 
feal to be affixed, before either tba 
dojce of Portland's agents or lawyers 
were apprifisd of the matter. 

As foon as information arrived from 
the duke cf Portland of thefe pro- 
ceedings, bis agent waited upon the 
chancellor of the Exchequer, to pre- 
vail upon him to withhold the ieal in 
conlequence of the caveat entered at 
bis office. His lordihip faid that he was 
prefled to affix the feal iniUntaneouf- 
ly, that as Chancellor of the Exchtf* 
quer he coniidered himielf a mini- 
Aerial officer, and fubjefl as much ta 



tag at the treafury, 
magtag for an order to infpe6l the 
fnrveyor*e office, a week after it was 
all over. Thofe who were in the 
iecret, and knew what was paffing at 
the boafd, muft la«gh in their (leeve j 
aad to prolong the entertainment a 
few days, the fecrctary of the trealury 
wrote, on the aid of December, to 
the duke of Portland, who was 150 
miles off in the country, that all was 
over, and the grant ordered to Sir 
James Lowther, inftead of having five 
days before, when the order to pro* 
ceed in the leafcs was iigned, in- 
formed bis agent, who was in the 
lobby the very day and hour when 
that order was made out. A trufty 
office truly ! where Mr. Watktns the 
clerk is receiving a guinea fee, to exa- 
mine the treafury books (viz. on the 
17th of December) for the fyt\*poM 
order for infpe^ion, in the fame 
brrttfa that the board having fuperfed- 
cd that order, is proceeding to deci- 
fian with the utmoft difpatch ! had 
they ftock to their favourite principle 
ef doing things the (horteft way, they 
mi|ht have informed the agent of 
tbar proceedings upon the fpot, and • 
at the verj time of their determination, 
inAcad -ot concealing them t4i a clan- 
define manner, till the hk day before 
the holydaiys, and then (ending the 
intefflation three hundred miles round. 
There can hnve been no other inten- 
tioo in all thip fecrccy but to avoid 



his fead to grants, and therefore could 
not withhold it. I will venture to 
fay this is (6 far from being the cafe» 
that the Chancellor of the Exchequer 
is one of the firft legal officers in the 
kin^om. and that the very purpofe 
of his being annexed to the board of 
treafury, is, that he may be a judicii4 
controul upon the a61s of that board. 
At leaft, fo fays Maddox in his hif- 
tory of the Exchequer. The com- 
miffioners are f uppoied to a& upon the 
common principles of jufHce, they are 
fuppoftd to take the advice of the. 
crown lawyers, they are foppofed to 
hear the counfcl of the parties con- 
cerned, or the panies themfelves, (and 
furely not the lefs fo for having given 
the moil folemn airuranccs) but in 
cafe of any notorious diflaiisfadion, 
the parties have a right to enter a ca- 
veat before the Chancellor of the Ex* 
cheouer, and to appeal to him as a 
legal officer of controul, and not as a 
mere deputy clerk to the treafury, and 
if upon a legal confideration of the 
matter, the Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer (ees fuflicient caufe, he may in 
right of his office refufe to affix his 
feal. But to put this out of the quef- 
tion, I can produce a cafe in point, 
which happened when the duke of 
Newcastle was firft lord of the treafury, 
and Sir George Lyttelton Chancellor 
of the Exchequer. A leafe was or- 
deied to be made out by the board of 

tfeafury 



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206 



L I F E O F 



April 



treafuryi in favour of the corporation 
of Plymouth. The defendant entered 
a caveat at the ieal of the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer. The Chancellor of 
the Exchequer withheld his feal $ the 
diefendant was heard by his counfel» 
and the ieafe revoked. I quote no 
obicure cafe ; the living witnelTes to 
this tranfa^ion arc (among others) the 
duke of Nswcaftle, Lord Lyttelton, 
Ix>rd Mansfield, the earl of Northing- 
ton, and Lord Camden, having adl 
been parties to it. 

It vrould be abfurd to fuppofe any 
ofBcer having the king's feal in his 
cuftody, and refjponfible for the exer* 
cife of it» to be mbfervient like a mere 
derk of the treafury ; bcfidcs, the ve- 
ry right of his office to receive a ca- 
veat, is a proof of his judicial capacity. 
Whoever heard of a caveat entered at 
the deik of a common clerk ? I hope 
this plea of the Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, being merely minifterial at 
to his feal to grants, will not be efta- 
blilhed into precedent, as the mutual 
^heck of offices upon one another is a 
principal barrier to the property of 
the fubje6^, anfl as fuch a precedent 
would defeat the very main fecuriiy 
in future times, againft the encroach- 
ments, ioiuftice, and infolence of of- 
fice. How different the fate of this 
caveat has been, compared with ano- 
ther which has been lately entered at 
the privy feal ! The earl of Chatham's 
health not allowing him to attend to 
buiinefs, the privy feal is put into 
commiiTion for no other purpofe, but 
to hear counfel upon that caveat, not- 
withftanding the Lord High Chancel- 
lor, (whofe abilities and integrity to 
enquire into the fubje^-matter of that 
caveat no one can doubt) remains in 
order after the privy feal, to give the 
defendants a fecond hearing. 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer 
at a legal officer ranks next to the 
Lord High Chancellor, and tikes 

Srecedence of the Chancellor of the 
>uchy of Lancafter, and both chief 
juftices. It is great condefcenfion 
in him to a6t the fubmiffive part of 
a mere indented clerk ; but if he had 
ftood up to the dignity of bis office, 
the board of treafury could not have 
avoided hearing counfel at law, which 
might perhaps have defeated their de- 
iigns of granting away the duke of 
Pordand^s property to Sir James Low* 



thcr. Nothing furely can bear fo lit- 
tle the appearance of iuftice, at* for a 
board, without the leaft fmatteringr 
of law, among the members, without 
confultine the crown 'lawyers in a 
matter of very abftrufe law, who are 
bound ex officio to give their advice^ 
refuting to hear the defendant's coun - 
fel, and during the adjournment of 
tlie board, when no memorial could 
have accefs to them, even if the par- 
ties attacked had been apprized of 
their condud)*, which ^as focautioufly 
kept out of fight. 

The Life of Pope SFxtus V, coniimutd 
fromp, 151, 

ALEXANDkINO, and the cardi- 
nals of his party, foon found 
means^ by varigus arts, to brin^ 
over numbers of the cardinals for 
Montalto, and to divide the reft. 
'* During thefe cabals> Montalto 
kept clofe in his cell, without ex- 
preffing the lead defire or expedtation 
of the papacy;, though there was 
not any of the cardinals that had fo 
much reafon to hope for it. When 
tJie heads of the party called at hia 
^ chamber- door, as they paffed by, to 
inform him how the ele6lion went on, 
and who had declared for him , he 
ufed to fay, «« The difficulties you 
meet with ia the Conclave are not 
worth notice $ I doubt you^ll find 
much greater in the Vatican. Let me 
conjure you not to think of cbufing 
me, except you will be content to 
bear the whole burden of the govern- 
ment you rfelves.** This was what the 
garaefters call a ftueetner, to draw 
them on, and made them labour more 
earneftly for his exaltation. 

After all things had been made 
ready, by the partizans of Montalto, 
St. Sixtus led them into the chapel to 
begin the adoration immediately. 

** After they had taken their pla- 
ces, a fcrutiny was propofed. But St. 
Sixtus, either out of impatience, or 
for fear any fudden change might hap> 
pen, or defirous of feeming to have 
the principal hand in this ele^on, 
ftepped out of liis place to AlexandrU 
no, and taking him by the hand, they 
both went up to Montako, and cried 
out, a Pope, a. Pope ; the greateft part 
of the cardinals following their exam- 
pie, and approving of what was done.^* 

** Wliilit they were crowding tov^ards 



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176^ 



S I X T U S V- 



>lofitalto to t:drigt^tulate him, he fat 
cDoghiDe and weeping, as if forae 
great misfortuno had befallen him. 
lot when the Cardinal Dean ordered 
ihcm to retire to their reft>eaive 
places, that they might proceed to a 
regular fcrutinyj he drew near to 
St. Sixtns, and whifpered in his ear, 
" Pray take care, that the fcrutiny is 
of no preiudice to the adoration ;^* 
which wa» the firft difcovery he made 
of his ambition. St. Sixtus was ex- 
rremely farprized to fee a perfon who 
Wd always pretended to be totally ig- 
Borani of all the forms and ceremoni- 
als that are praftifed in the conclave, 
fowell acquainted with the niceft and 
soft delicate circumftance of the elec- 
tioQi and that he, who had hitherto 
fecmed quite indifferent about, or rather 
afraid of the papacy, fhould, on a fud- 
iep, be fo apprelienlive of being difap- 
potnted of it. However, it being now 
too late, at he thought, to recede, he 
fpoke to Alexandi ino ; and when the 
Dean wa« beginning the fcrutiny, they 
both got up and protefted againft 
its being any prejudice to the adora- 
tion. 

It was obferved, that after it was 
b^un, Montaito walked backwards 
ind forwards, and feemed to be in 
great agitation of fpirit 5 but when he 
perceived there was a fuflicient num- 
ber of votes to [ecure his eleflion, he 
threw the ftaff, with which he ufed to 
ibpport him(eif, into the middle of 
the chapel, ftretched himfelf up, and 
appeared taller, by almoft a foot, than 
be l»d done for feveral years, hawking 
and fpitting with as much ftrength as 
a man of thirty years old. 

The cardinals, aitoniihed at fo fud- 
den an alteration, looked at him with 
2niizement 5 and Farncfe, obfcrving 
by forae iigns that St. Sixtus and Alex- 
andrioo already began to repent of 
their forward nefs i" this el^aion, faid 
aload, *• Stay a little, foftly, there is a 
niiftake in the fcrutiny;" but Montaito, 
■nth a Item look, boldly anfwered, 
" There is no miftake; the fcrutiny 
is goad, and in due formj^* and im- 
nediately thundered out the To Deum 
him^f, in a voice that made the 
cliapel (hake. Of fuch confequence, 
liinetimcs, it courage and pscfence 
of mind: For if he had not a£ted in 
this manner, there is no doubt but Co 
faddcn a change of behaviour, and 



207 



the Dean's faying, " There was a mif- 
take in the fcrutiny,^' would have 
oVerfet the whole, and pat a ftop to 
his eleAion, if the Cardinals had fe- 
conded him. JBut they all Hood dumb 
and motionlefs, looking at each other, 
and biting their lips. What feemed 
moft ftranee was, that Farnefe, Dean 
of the college, a man of long expe- 
rience and great authority, of a bold 
and refolute difpofition, haughty and 
difdainful in his carriage to every bo- 
dy, ihould begin the attack with fo 
much fpirit, endeavouring to (et z-^' 
fide the fcrutiny, by declaring tbcrt 
was a miftake in it, without offering 
to proceed any further, or fpeaking 
another word, againft a man that he 
hated and defpifed. That fo manf 
heads of fa6Hons, fucli a number of 
papable cardinals, who might have 
had an opportiiniry of advancing 
themfelves, or their friends, (hould, ia: 
an inftant become fo tame and fpirit- 
lefs that it looked like an infatuation. 
It is certain, that if the dean, whofe 
office it was to (ing the Te Deum, 
had commanded Montaito to defift, 
the other cardinals would have fup- 
ported him in it, and he had*been for 
ever excluded. 

When they came to that verfe in the 
Tc Deum, fVe^therefore prey tbetf help tbf 
fervants, nvbom tbau baft ndeenud awtb 
thy precious blood \ he threw himfelf 
upon his knees before the altar, and, 
after it was finiihed, made a (horc 
prayer, according to Cuitom, which 
was purely mental) for it was remark- 
ed, that he never moved his lips, but 
kept his eyes attentively fixed upon a 
crucifix alt the time. 

Whilfl he was in this pofture, Bom- 
bi, fird mafter of the ceremonies, came 
to him (as is uiual) and faid, '< My 
lord cardinal Montaito, your emi- 
nence is duly ele6^ed popej the holy 
college defires to know, whether you 
pleafe to accept the papacy j^^ to which 
he replied, fomewhat fharply, *• It ia 
trifling and impertinent to aik, whe- 
ther I will accept what I have already 
accepted, as I have fufficiently fhewn, 
by Anging the Te Deum. However, 
to fatisfy any fcruple that may arife, I 
tell vou, that I accept it with great 
plcafure, and would accept another, if 
I could get it ; for I find myfelf flrong 
enough, by the divine afllilance to 
manage two papacici." 

Farnefe, 



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208 



DtS AP POINTMJNSr OF 



. Famtfef wko flood near hii9» hear- 
ing this, fiid to St. Severiao, «< The 
^enUemen that took upon them to 
condu£k this eledion» thought to have 
en|rrofl*ed the whole adipiniftratioa of 
\fhin to them (elves, by chufmr a fool 
and an ideot $ but I plainly (ee, we 
£ave got a pope that will make fools 
and ideots both of them and ut;*^^ Sf« 
Qeverino only Ihru^ged up his (houU 
ders» and faid, " the Lord have mercy 
upon us alL^* 

, When he was afked, what name he 
would take I he anfwered Sixtus V. 
which he did in honour to Pope Six- 
tus IV. who had'likewife been a moi^c 
bf the fame order. Some fay, out of 
compliment to cardinal Su Sixtus ^ 
but this does not feem probable,, con- 
iidering the little r^fpedk he (hewed 
him afterwards. 

It was obferved, that, . whilft the 
cardinals were putting on his pontifi- 
cal robes, he (I retched out his arms 
with great vigour and aftivity ; upon 
which Ruflicucci, nho was furprized 
a^ To fudden a metamorphoiis, laid to 
Ijim, in a fii^iiiar way, " I perceive. 
Holy Father» the pontificate is a fove- 
reign panaioea, iSnce it can reftore 
youth and health to old, (ick cardi- 
nals (^ to whkh he replied, in a grave 
and majeftk manner, ** So I find it.** 

The venr moment the fcrutiny waa 
#nded, h« bid adieu to that appearance 
of humility he bad To long worn { and 
kying afide the civility and complai- 
fiince he u(ed to (hew to all manner 
of people, behaved with great ftate 
and reserve to every body $ bvt more 
particularly to them that he had been 
moft obliged to for his exaltation 4 

This immediate change in the new 
pope was a thunder-clap to D*£(le, 
Medicis, and AJexandrino. One 
might perceive evident figns of repen- 
tance in their faces before the ele&ion 
was well over. Cardinal Farnefe faid 
to Sforza, at they were going out of 
the tonclave^ " Charles V. refigned 
bis crown in the morning, and re- 
pented of it in the evening; but I 
fancy thefe gentlemen (pointing to 
them) have begun their repentance al- 
ready.'' *' It will be well for them," 
replied Sforza, '* if their repentance 
does not lad longer than the erope- 
for's did." 

After he was drefTed in -his robes, 
he afcended the pontifical throne. 



AprU 

that ftandt over^agakift the altar in 
the chapel, where be fat with fo much 
Hate, that any one would have thought 
he had been pope feveral year^. The 
cardinals advancing, two by two, to 
adore binv ; his hoiiaefs gave them, fe- 
parately, tht e/culum ^bsriiatu, "The 
kifs ot charity,;* upon both cheeks f 
and then admitted every body, that 
was in the coodave, to the honour of 
kilTmg his feet. It is faid, when Far- 
nefe came amongft the re(C to perforn 
that cerenoony, he did it with greac 
reluflance, and (hewed particular figiia 
of difguil, at proftrating himfelf be- 
fore a perfon of his mean birth, whom 
he ufed (b often to call in derifion, 
" The dregs of the conclave, the afa 
of La Marca, ilinking old lazar," 
&c. 

Some people thought he faid in hia 
heart, Nvn tibifed Puro, «* Not to thee» 
but St. Peter}*' be that as it will, 
when he beheld him fitting To cre6l, and 
with fo much majclty upon the throne, 
he faid to him, «« Your holinefa feema 
a quite dilferent fort of a man from 
what you was a few hours ago/* *• Yes, 
faid he, I was then' looking for the 
keys of parailife, which obliged me to 
ftoop a little \ but now I have found 
them, it is time to look upwards, as I 
am aiiivcd at the fummit of all human 
glory, and can climb no higher in this 
world.** . 

When the adoration was finifhed, 
the firft cardinal deacon, a(ri(^ed by a 
mailer of the ceremonies, took a cru- 
cifix in his hand, and proceeded into 
the hall, attended bv the cardinals* 
t.aft of all came hf| holincfs, the 
chou" finging before him the anthem^ 
Euifacerdos magnuSf qui in diebiu fuis 
plaatit DeOf et imjentus eft jufius^ ^c. 
Wliilft this was performing, the cardi- 
nal deacon caufed a window to be 
broke open, acd (hewed a crucifix 10 
the people,* who now began to afiem- 
ble, in great numbers,, in the Piazza 
of St. Peter } and, at the fame time, 
proclaimed him after the accu&omed 
manner, Annunrio *volfU gaudiummag^ 
num^ etc. •• Behold I bring you tidinga 
of great joy ; the moft illu(tnous Car- 
dinal Montalto is chofe pope, and has 
taken the name of Sixtus V. 

This happened upon a Wednefday, 
a day that had often been propitious 
to him. The ftteets immediately 
echo^ ^-ith acclamations cf long live 

Sixtus 



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1768. 



THE CARDINALS. 



209 



Siztiu V ; the gtmi horn, the caftle of 
Se. Aogelo were itred $ the bells rang 
in every church and convent. 

As it is cuftomary in Rome, at the 
proclamation of a new pope, for the 
nob to run diredly and plunder the 
boule where he lived before { the fol- 
lowers and domefticks of every cardi- 
mal, that it likely to be made pope» 
reii^eraUy take care of that, by firip|>- 
ng it themfelves beforehand ; ^nd, if 
their patron does not fucceed, brin^ 
every thing back again. But at this 
the populace was not in any great hur- 
cy to go to Montatto, ** Expelling, 
as they (aid, to find nothing there but 
a few old broken chairs ana tables.** 

In this interval, the cooks and con- 
fe£Honers of the conclave prepared a 
coUatioo, at which the popej>ronounc- 
ed a folemn blefltng ; and after he had 
eac a mouthful or two, and drank a 
gla(s of citron-water, ortlered the ma- 
Ans to cm wall the doors of the con- 
cbve, and let in the people. 

He was then condu6^ed to the cha- 
pel, and adored, a fecond time, by 
the cardinals. This adoration was 
performed by kneeling upon the 
ground, and kiflfing his left- hand only, 
whdft he gave his benedifiion with the 
rkht. When this was over, a mailer 
of the ceremonies took up the crucifix, 
and walked before the choir, who 
iang hymns and anthems ; the cardi- 
nals followed two by two, the pope 
c»raing laft, carryed upon men's 
fiioulders. As they came out of the 
conclave in this order, he gave hU 
btcfling, and diftrihuted little cruci- 
fies to the Citizens and Grangers, who 
flocked, in great crouds, to fee the 
new pontif, crying out, •* Where is 
he? Which is the pope? This cannot 
be the poor old cardinal, that ufed to 
hhnt away in the ftreets. Surely, this 
cannot be father Montalto, nho went 
tottering about with a ftafF.** 

In hie palTage from the conclave, 
the people cryed out, long live the 
pope I and added, according to cuf* 
torn, ** plenty, holy father, plenty and 
piftice J to wljich he replyed, •* pray 
to God for plenty, and Vi\ give you 
jdKce.** 

When he arrived at St. Peter's, all 
thie canons came out, in proce fTion to 
meet him, finging an anthem; and; 
betf»g carried up to the great altar, 
be was adored, for the Im timCi by 

April, 176s. 



the cardinals kiffing bis feet, whilft 
the choir fang the Te Deum. Whei^ 
that was over, the cardinal deacon 
read fome prayers, the pope fitting all 
the while. After this, the cardinal 
deacon taking the mitre off his head, 
he gave his benedi6lion to the people, 
with a very ftrong, clear voiced firetch- 
ing out his arms, with all the appear* 
a nee of great ftrength and vigour. 
The deacon then putting on his mitre 
apin, he afcended the fteps of the 
altar with the cardinals, and gave a 
benediction to them only s after which, 
he put off fome of his pontifical habi- 
liments, and, getting into a clofe chaii: 
was carried t6 the Vatican, attended 
by a guard of fbldiers. 

When he got thither, he was fo imi 
patient to exercife' the fovereienty,. 
that he could hardly be prevailed up- 
on to defer it, according to the cuf- 
tom of his predecelTors, till he was 
crowned (before which it is not ufual 
for the new popes to itir out of the 
palace upon >ny occaiion wbatfoever) 
telling the cardinals, " He would be* 
gin to reign that very evening, as 
there was great need of immediate re- 
formation," and ordered the crown to 
he brought dire6lly. Nor was it with- 
out the utmoft difficulty, that they 
perfuaded him to put off his corona- 
tion a few days. Indeed he would nc^ 
hear of it, till he was convinced it 
was not an effential point, and that 
he might exercife the pontifical au- 
thority in as full and ample a manner 
before, as after that ceremony j which 
gave occafion to one of the cardinals 
to fay, *< he never faw a pope fb gree- 
dy of command before." 

After moft of the cardinals had 
taken their leave, he eat a bifcuit or 
two, and drank a ghfs of wine, to re- 
freili himfclf, and then was conduced 
into the pope's apartment, whither he 
was attended by Alexandrino and 
Rudicucci, who prcfTcd him, *« T^ 
repofe himfclf a little, attcr the fa- 
tig jes of the day ;" but he anfwered, 
** Libour ihould be his chief pleaiurc." 
Upon which Alexandrino took the li- 
berty of faying to him, ** Your holi- 
net's talked in a different drain yef- 
terday, and the day before." " It 
may be fo,^^ replied he, " but I was 
no: pope then." 

Rudicucci met with another rebuff, 
that chagrined liim extremely. The 
D d . pope's 



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Sixtus hiccmis # mw Man. 



210 

pope^s robe happening to lye in a fold 
tjpcji hw fh^'tllem, that cardinal was 
tndcsvourTng to 'poll it {lr:tit \ and the 
pope thinking he handled him rather 
tbo freely, f^id angrily, ** pr*»y, Sir 
hot quite io familiar if vou pleare/' 
But what gave the iiniftiing Rroke to 
both their hopes, wai, thit having 
taken upon them tb give' dire^ions, 
«« That nothing (hould be wanting 
in hi* apartments; he faid very grave- 
ly, •« You need not put yourfelves to 
any trouble, gentlemen, I (hill give 
orders for what I Want itiylclf/* Up- 
on which Rufticucci whifpered to 
Alexandrine, " That*s for you." ** 1 
think, replied the other, ** it it for 
f6n too, if I am not miftaken." 

Whilft he was walking very brifkly 
tbout bis apartment, to the great afto- 
Bf^ment of thofe that faw him (as he 
Ufed to go with a ftafF before, and 
that with much difficulty) brandifhing 
Bis arihi, and ufin^ other geftures, 
is if he was revolving great defigns 
in his mind, the fteward of the houf- 
liold came to alk him, '* What he 
f0^ouid pleafe to have for fupper;*' 
Sixtusi looking fternly at him, faid, 
** Is that a ufual queflion to alk a fo- 
Vercign prince? rrcpare us a royal 
banauet, and we (hall chufe what we 
like be(l ;*• ordering him to invite the 
Cirdinals, Alexandrino, Medicis, Ruf- 
iJcucci, b'Efte, St. Sixtus, and Al- 
temptf . D'Eftc excufed himfelf (up- 
on a pretence of indifpofition) the 
others accepted of the invitation, and 
fbpped with his holinefs, not much to 
their fatisfaftion : For they were hard- 
ly fat down to table, when he began 
to Jet them know after what manner 
lie intended to govern i and expatiat- 
ed largely upon the power that Jefus 
Chrift had given to St. Peter, in mak- 
ing him his vicar upon earth, often 
repeating to them, Thou art Peter, and 
nfon this rock I njuill build my ckurcb \ 
which he explained to them after this 
manner, ** How profound and incom- 
prehcnfible arc the ways of God 1 
Jefys Chrift has left upon earth but 
ont Peter, but one pontif, but one 
vicar, but one head and chief. To 
bim alone, he has committed the care 
of his flock. Thou art Peter ; that 
l$to/ay, thou only art the foverign 
pontiff} to thee I give the keys of the 
kingdom of heaven j thou alone flialt 
|)ave the power to bind and loofe \ to 



April 

to thee I give authority to.govtrn and 
condu£l n y church } to thee (who art 
my vicar) and not to others, wh# 
are but thy minillers and luboral- 
nates." 

The eardinals cafiiy perceived tlic 
drift and tcnourof his comment; and 
that all the golden hopes they had con- 
ceived of rule and authority, wcrd 
dwindled into phantoms and (hadowt. 
He would not fo much as fuffer them 
to make the leall anfwer : and if any 
One offered to open his lips, he inter- 
rupted him witn faying, ** That one 
head was fufficient for the church/' 
Rufticucci, however, ventured to fajr. 
That he could not but wonder a lit- 
tle to hear his holinefs now talk in 
that* manner ; when he had told them 
fo often ih the conclave, •* It was not 
poinble for him to govern the church 
without their afliftance.** «* Very 
true, replied pixtus " I bclicTC I 
might fay fo, and I thought fo at 
that time ; but now I perceive myfclf 
(Irong enough, by God's afTiftancci to 
govern without any other help. Jf I 
told you a (lory, you mud even make 
the beft of it. I iball give ray con- 
fellbr a power to abfolve me from that 
fin, Vou made me pope for your own 
interefts, and I accepted that honour 
to do the church a fcrvice.'' With 
this compliment he difmiffed them, 
As they went home, Medicis, who 
feemed to be the moft chagrined, faid 
to them, *< It is high time to provide 
for our fafetyi I forcfee a great flonn 
rifing." 

The next morning there appeared 
two pafquinades : The firlt was Paf- 
quin, holding a faueczed turnip in bis 
hand, and a label, with thcfc words 
upon it : ** M^y my head be mafhed 
like this turnip, if ever we cbufc a 
monk again.'* 

The lecond, had more wit and fa- 
tyr in it« Pafquin was reprefented 
with a plate full of tooth -picks in his 
hand; and Maiforio afking him, 
«• Whither he was carrying them :'* 
heanfwerec?, " To Alexandrino, Me- 
dicis, and Rufticucci.'' That the rea- 
der may perceive the fting of this, it 
is nccclfary to inform him, that when 
the Italians have a mind to laugh at 
or make a joke of a pcrfon that has 
mifcarried in any enterpriT^, it is 
ufual to fend him a tooth- pick, hint- 
ing that he has nothing to do now, 

tiit 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



VozrtCAi Essays fe April, 1768. 



bat pick hli teeth. The fame prc- 
ieat IS feat (o people that have lately 
htto turned out of their oiH^s ; this 
bebg expUioed, it is eafy to make 
the application. When Farnefe heard 
of it, he could not help hiugfaing, and 
iaid,, ** I am afrsiid thcfc gentieisen 
won't be the only people that will Kave 
occafion for tooth-p^cks.** 

After xiipy had been gi^iltjr of thi« 
enw, inftead of thinking of *ny re- 
^ireTs, ihcy oniy vented their gall^ by 
hying the fault upon each other. One 
liay, foon after the ele6(ion, Alexan- 
drivv D*E(le» and Medicit lament- 
iopheir misfortime, and corfing their 
BttBnefs of fpirit, and ftupidity, in 
differing th^mfelves to be duped by 
fl»e hypocrify of Montalto, a;id not 
daring to exert themfelves, when they 
diicoTcred it, and had yet time enough 
to have, baffled his (chem^t} Fafoefe 
^ *< He bad done hit duty in round<» 



21 1 

in^ tiie trumpet ; but that no body 
would draw their Av rd." They, on 
thexootrary, accixftd him of cowar- 
dice, for proceeding no further, aild 
faid, " They were ready to have ff- 
conded hiro, if he h^d ordered Mon* 
t^ltp to leave off, wh^D he began to 
fing the Te Deum." Thefe fniitlei* 
complaints were ail the confolatioil 
they hid for their folly* and rather 
ferved to make bid worle j for 8ixtua 
hearing of their murroucs and motuai 
upbraiding?, fent for them, iind faid 
fharply, «* We are informed, that you 
fepciH of your choice} and that ygu 
did not makt a fchifm in the conclave^ 
by breaking o<f the (brutiay. We 
would have you to know, that we 
don't think ourfelves in the kaft ob- 
liged to you for the papacy, but to di- 
vine providence alone, and our own 
prudent condu^.'* 

iTo b€ concluded in our uext.\ 



POETICAL ESSAYS. 



AN ELEGY 

^ tbt Death of an atniabU fyife. 

Uj m QtutUiUau offajbion, 

"laererr varied pofture, place, and hour, 
" Ho« «ido«*d every Thought of every joy f 
''Thought, bafy thought, too bufy for my 
ptaee! [PAIT} 

* Strayi, wretched rover ! o*er the pieaftng 
" la fueft of wretcbednefs perverfely flrays | 
"Aotfladi alldeiarc now. 

YOONG* 

19 9anqi*s favoonte groves, slai, bow 
chaag*d 
lyCliarlotte*t death! oft let me devious 
ro»« [r#ng*d, 

lo^l^g grief I where gladfoaie once 1 
Is fweet fociety with peace and love« 

Oft is the fileot evening, ill alone, 
Vbcn folemn twilight (hades the face of 
^» [moaai 

Tat piaiotive mufe ftall hither waft her 
^vk ceadereft paffion here inrpire my lay ^ 

^bde hours, allotted to that mufe*s hand, 
Tabteft cime thy memory (hall endear | 

^bik fo^ ideas riCe at her command, 
Aad ia bxorious forrow prompt the tear* 

^scsl, ibft frame of gentlenefs and love ! 

that calm, which uiumph'd o*€r thy psrt- 
iag btf ath j 
Jsit btoomiag texture f»y the graces wove t 

-*Aa4 art tnofc cjss for ever fet ij^ dt^th ^ 



Ouce more— and then^-fartwel ! one linger* 

gtiing view 
Tore my fond (oal from all it held fo dear s 
*Twa8 o*er !-^' are wel-^my joys : Swesthopc^ 

afliea! 
—Adieu, my love I- -We part for ever here i 

No ! ia the fiill of night, my reftlcfs thought 
Purfues thy image thro* its change uo- 
kcown $ 

Steals oft unnoticM to the dreary v^ult. 
And in that v^ ot forrow pours my own I 

For, 6 nee the hour th« clos'd our b]oomin| 
fcci.e, 

Once has it wander'd from itsdarliog tmft f 
It founds thy voice j ftiJl ajnmates thy mien ? 

And haunts thy Oiimbers in the (acred duft. 

Each coofcious walk of tcndemefs and joy. 
Thy faithful partner oft alone Aall tread ; 

Recounr, while angaiih heaves the frequcoC 

f)gh, [CbdB I 

H6w hlifa on blifs thy fmiling in(iuence 

Though mine be many— many rolling yeats ! 

Exiaiac thought (hall lingf t Aill on thee ! 
Time rolij in vain-— Remembrance, with h?/ 
tears — 

— To^ tbdt have kfi an argel—fity me P 

Thy fmiles were mine— > were oft) and only 

mine ; 

Nor yet forfonJc me in the face of death i 

E'eo now ibey live— ftiU o'er thy beamicl 

Aline s 

For Fancy's magic can reflors ihy brMth. 

I> J a Painfal 



Digrtized byCjOOQlC 



ill Poetical Essays /n April, 176s. 

Palnfol refleAjon ! — cm the a£liye niiod» 

Which penetrates the vaft expanfeof da]r» 
Long liDgoifh in tbii pa]6ed mafe confinM, 

Nor bur A thefe fetters of obtnidiog dajr ? 
Ah, no ! — She beckons me^for yet fhe lives ! 

Livet in jon regions of unfadinf joy t 
^he points the fair reward that virtue gives | 

—Which chance^ nor changci nor ages can 
deihoy* 
Let Folly animate this tranfient fcene 

With every Uoom that fancy can fopply ! 
Reflection bends not on a point fo mean ; 

Nor courts this momenti fince tht next we 
die. 
The deareft objeds baften to decay t 

(An aweful leflba to the penfive nfind !) 
Too Coon my Charlotte's beauties pafs*d away : 

Nt>r lefty but in my heart, a wreck btbind! 



To lit Excelhnty the Ltr J Fifcotint Townthenif 
Lord Li utenant-'GeneraJf and General-Go^ 
verror of Iitland, &c» By Dr, Clancy. 
My Lord, 

AMufe that once attention drew 
From * StaohopCy Swift, and Mbntcf- 
quieu ) 
Bdt now to deep oblivion doom'd. 
And in the midft of life intomb*d \ 
Opprefs*d by fate, and wreck*d by time. 
Attempts to foftrn into rhyme. 

Tho* difmal night's perpetual ihade 
Spreads her dark curtain o*cr my bead { 
Rous*d by the found, I hear your name^ 
The nation's univer(al tfaenie } 
And evcty tongue's loud accents fliow 
VThat blcflings from your wifdom flow } 
Who& worth and guardian care excel 
All that old Rome's long annals tell. 

Some tuneful bard, whofe happier days 
By fortune's favours glide in eafe, 
Should fing, how both MinervaS fpread 
The laurel- wreathe on Townfliend's head \ 
Arrd paint him in his curious page. 



So Pallu is that heav'nly goeft. 
Who rules the motions of your bread |> 
Brings all your innate worth to light 
Which cheers the heart, and charms the fight; 
And can with cc[ual power infofe 
Soft pity for an outeaft wmje, 
Dnrrow, in Ireland, March to, 176s* 

ri>€ POWER •/ BEAUTYf 

Upon feeing LAURA m Courts 

FICTION and Troth have both an inftaace 
given. 
To prove the force of female charmt ; 
For them one difobey'd the will <^ heaven, 

Another let the world in arms I 
Of all the blifs planM f%t the hmnaa net 
■ An apple was the fatal bane % 
O had they feen fweet Laura'a lovely face^ 

They both had done the fame again. 
Spite of tb'impendmg woes that thieat mao^ 
kind 
What mortal could her charms withfland f 
Paris to her the apple had refign'd. 
And Adam ta'cn it from her hand* 

SPRING! ^ new SONG tf a/ CHORUS, 
Ferforwttd at Ranalagh, 

By Mrs, A me, Mru Barthclemon, Mr» 
Champnefs, Mr* Raworth, Jrc. - 

THE birds fweetly catrol. Spring leads 
up the year. 



At once the hero and the j«/r, 
Like Mars, in battle wield the fword ; 
Like Neftor grace the council- board | 
Like Mofes, bear the facred wand, 
Deriv'd from heav'n to blefs the land. 

Thto' the rough form which horror wean. 
Thro* pointed darts, and brandifli'd fpeais. 
Blind Homer's mufe could force her >» ay. 
And find where Ammon's offspring lay ! 
There, on bis couch, the martial flory 
Inflam'd him with the thirft of glory. 

But how (hall my weik Cr<o venture 
To think her rugged form fliould enter j 
Where courtly elegance it plac'd, 
And nice dtrcernmer)t forma the tafte : 
Where Townfliend, by Apollo taught. 
Can flri£Viy judceeach line and thought. 

As Cupid from her lover bears 
The wiftiful figh to Chloe's ears } 
And tinges with perfuafive arc 
ThchUlet'dDux that wioi the heart.— 



And trips ic away with the light-footed hovfst 
In fpiu of black k^inter that fcowls in tht rear. 
She wakes as flie pa6es her bMbma ani 

flow'rt. 
C H a . Then fmile with the (cafon. 
Ye children of reafoi^. 
Her ble/Tingt let nature impart, 
. Of for row beware. 
The Winter is care, 
But joy is the Spring of the heart. 

White nature thus fcattera her fragrance 
around, 

Inchaots with her Mufic the foreft and grove { 

Embroiders with daifies the green velvet 
ground, ^love. 

And brings forth the feafon of rapture ao4 
Smile, fmile with the feafon, &c. 

New- life fliould flow brilkly and dance in the 
veins, [tree; 

As it (hoots thro' the fibres of plant and of 

The warmth of kind nature has broke l^a- 
rcr's chtins. 

And bids all creation be happy and free ! 

Then fmile with the feaibn, ftc« 

Aia.a froi^, wicked frofl, may the bloflbms de- 
ft roy, 

I.ay wafle in a night the fair hopes of the day ; 

So the heart may be nipp'd, and be dead to ill 

To guilt-Wighred bofoms, 'lii fVinterin May, 
Then fmile with the feifon, &c. 
Ye 

• S0fi tf ChefterJirU, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Poetical Essats in April, 1768; 



Tc 4«iic|btert. of fidtaio, let N«tare*t own 

hand [to the eyci i 

Sficad the roTe on the cheek, give the glance 

la tbe gaj round of pkaiures let pnidence 

COIDIBlIldy 

Moff think it too lofr, t$ he mtrry and mifi* 

Then (mile with the icafon, tec ' 
When fpringii too forward^ *tls nipp*d in the 

ImMMDj « 

The bod and the boflbm ii blighted, and diet | 
So youth in her beauty may meet the fame. 



Tkea be not too/ommrd^^he merry and wfi* 

Then (mile with the feafon, &c 
ODE M « Proijpea •/ ALMACK*a j^ 
fiwtkfy JtMur* 

YE ipacioaa fooms, je folding doort^ 
Sternal foes to reft, 
Where grateful pkaAire ftill adoree 
Her Alaiack*a much ldv*d tafte : 
Ah ! happy manfioM, fweet refbrtt 
Of Britaia'a matchleit fair. 
Where many a thoughtlclamift difportt 
A ftiaagci yet to care. 
I M the g^let that from yc come, 
Aftfd a ibfi tad fioeet ferfime : 
Say, ilr. Rofe •, for thou haft fees 
Fall many a fptifhtJy- r ace» 
O b e dient to thy Tiolio, 
The patht of pleafui-e trace. 
Who foretnoft now delight to {hinc 
With pliant armt, and grace diyine f 
Th« capdve lorer which eathtall ? 
How the coquette exerts her art 
To warn fooke Macaroni heart. 
Yet fttrtf in vain with alk? 
Soose bold adventurers defpifiB 
The joys that homebred mifTet prixe, 
And unknown dances -f- dare decry, 
Still aa they daoce ihey look behind. 
Admiring crowds with plcafure find. 
And iaatth an envied joy : 
Alaa : regardlefs pf their doom, 
Mo grief their mind affa^ % 
They neither dread old age to oome^ 
Nor liec their own defers. 
Not one throughout the happy place 
Is coofeious of an ugly face ; 
Yet fee on tf*Tj bench around 
What numbers of them may be foitndj 
Ridiculous, unfeemly fights : 
Ah ! lell them that in fpite of dtefs 
They ftill are preys to oglinefs ; 
Ah! tell them they are frighu. 
icauty in this begins to fade, 
(Hers nature's been uncivil) 
And thek the fell fmall pox bat made 
Aa ugly as the devil. 
The eodlefs nofe, projeding chin, 
Tkt mouth from eir to ear. 
The Aape deform*d, and yellow /kia» 
Arc all aOembled here. 
But, 16 ! in cbarois of youthful bloom^ 
A heat *nly troop it feen, 

• TheJUltr. 



2IJ 

Fair beauty's daughters deck theroon» 

More lovely than their queen. 

To each their joys, thio* diff'icnt wayt 

To admiration prone. 

The handlbme pleas*d with others praHe, 

The ugly with their own i 

And wherefore (hould they know their fate^ 

Since forrow never comes too late. 

And (hould deftroy their paradifej— 

No more j where ignorance is bliCi, 

Tis folly to be wife. 



A genuine C^py of the Letter vbicb tpea deS- 
vered ky Mr, Wilkes's SerasMt at du 
Queen's Palace, March 44 

J LETTER u the KING* 

« S I R E, 

I Beg thus to throw myfelf at your majefty*a 
fttt, and to fupplicate ^hat mercy and 
demency, which Ihine with fuch luftcea* 
OKMig your many princely virtues. 

Some ^mer miniftert, whom your ma* 
jefty, in coodefceoiion to the wiflies of y^ur 
people, thought proper to remove, employed 
every wicked and deceitful art to opprefs your 
fubje^, and to revenge their own perfbaal 
c^ufe on me, whom they imagined to be thu 
piincipal author of briogbg to the public 
view their ignorance, infufficiency, and trea^- 
chery to your majefty and to the nation. 

I have been the innocent, but unhappy 
vidim of their revenge. I wu forced by 
their tnjoftice and violence intu an exile, 
which 1 have never ceafed for feveral years to 
confider as the moft cruel oppreflion, becaufe 
I no longer could be under the benign pro- 
tection of your majefty, in the land of li- 
berty. 

With a heart full of xeal for the fervice of 
your majefty, and my country, I implore. 
Sire, your clemency. My only hopes of par- 
don are founded in the great goodnefs and be* 
nevolence of your majefty, and every day of 
freedom you may be gracioufly pleafed to per- 
mit me the enjoyment of in my dear native 
land, ftiall give proofs of my xeal and attach- 
ment to your fervice. 

I am, SIRE, 

Your majefly*s moft obedient. 

And dutiful fubje£l, 

John Wilkis." 

To the PRINTER, &c. 

Sir, Oxford, March 26. 

SOME injuriooB mtrreprefentationsof the 
late procerdingi at Sr. E H W, 

having appeared in the public papera, it is 
hoped the foUowirg impartial account will 
l>e publiftied in justice to the univerfity,:: 
(See p. T25.) 

The V. P. of the H— U having brought a 
complaint tq the V. C. as vifttur of the FT. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



True State of the Oxford Exfulfiart. 



ai4 

by office, ' tltat fcYcral improper oerfoiii had 
been admitted there oTlate, wbofe principles 
and conduct gave juft gvund of offence j the 
V. C. wbofe prudence, moderation, and 
candoor, iire above all pratfe, confulteil with 
the headf or houf^i at a full meeting, and 
wat nnanimoufly advil'ed to take cognizance 
of the aflfair, which appeared of a very alarm- 
ing and dangerous naiore. A public vlfiu- 
tioo was accordingly held by the V. C. affi{l«> 
«d at hit rcquell by three heads of houfcii 
and the ienior fto&atj as hi* aiitflfort ; when 
after a fair and open examination, the charge, 
which was delivered in upon oath» Wat 
pcoved by evidence and by the confeiHon of 
the parties againft fis membera of the W\A 
H. wh/i wefe expelled in conforfnify ^o the 
llatutet, with the unanimoui concurrence of 
all the aflfeflTors, and the entire approbation of 
tire iH^lvff («j in general. 

And ^ttt it was proved, Chat all the ft 
ptrfofii bad cither held or freqoatitcd ilHdC 
conventiclei, where ibme of ■cbem, tboagb 
not in eiderf , had preached, expounded, and 
prayed cxiemp*re, and where thefe offices of 
rtliftion we» ufually performed by other* 
•f toe lowelt ftatioa and abilitict | and par- 
ticularly^ that they often mat at a conventicle 
beld at a prtvatn boufe within the anivtrfity, 
where a ftayoaakcr, and a wonao, the mif- 
ucft oi the boufe, officiated aa4 taught. 

Secondly, That fome of them had been 
bred up CO and cxereikd the iewcft tradet and ' 
o^upationt; that one had bean aweai^ar, 
and kept a lap-hoiie, another a barber, and 
a third a draper, and were all wholly illiterate 
and lAcapble of performing the Hatutabla c»- 
ardfea of the univerfity \ and much more 
incapable of being qualified tior holy ordera, 
for which they were defigned, (and into 
which tome of them had already tndeavearcd 
to intrude) being maintained (or that por- 
poiie at the chatgc of periope AiipcAed ot tn- 
th4ifiarm. 

Tb'rdly, that thefe pvfone were attached 
to the fe& called mctbodiib , and held thair 
do^inet, via, '* That Uitb without works 
iafufficitnt lor falva'ion} that there it no 
neceflity of good works ; that the iqpfltediaM 
impulfe of the fpiiit it to be waited for; 
that onoc a child of God and alwaya a child 
of God^** and the like. And that fome of 
fhem b>^ endeavoured to ioftil thefe dof^riuea 
into others, whom they encouraged to neg- 
lect the advice and authority of their parcnti 
and friends, in adherence to thefe opiniona. 
Fourihly, it tppeared al<b in the conric of 
the examination, that one of thefe peribna, 
fome time before h:8 entrance into the uoi- 
-verfity, had {relumed to otficiate at a clergy- 
man in a chapel belonging to a pariAi church, 
and had, in defiance of his father's authority 
%nd admonitions, coaneOed himPelf with 
method ids, and had been difcarded by hit 
father for fuch difobedience j which ciicum- 
ftances v^ce indeed taken pocicc of in the 
X 



April 

the 



fentence of expulfioo, but irat made 
ground of }t, at ha^ been falfel^ ^fferted. 

Fifthly, It was alfo proved, that fome of 
thefe perfons had behaved very irreverently 
and c^i ire fpcd^ully to their tutor, and inftead 
of difpofing themfelvcs |o profit by his in- 
^rodions, had in^uftrionfiv fought to cavil 
with and vex him. 

It is now fuhmitted to the public, whCfv 
tber (faofe whofe office it is to attend to the 
education of youth in this place, and to |>re- 
vent their receiving wroo^ impre^ons in (p 
e(iimtial a point as 'religion, have not a£led 
confidently with their duty, in making ufe of 
the auChority veAed in tb«m by -ihe ftatuiet 
to remove fuch obnoxious peifons, and to 
ftop the iTpwt^ of eat^i^i«(cp and estiipa^o 
at far *at in theth liet, priqciplei iiibvcKive ef 
all true reli|(iCHl.90d mor^ii^jr^ 

What the aio.tivea ivare which iadiic<4 
the P. of t^e H, to adouf fo^h per^pvu upon 
recommendations highly ^fpiaoiii» is left 
to hit ourn hxn^f^ i^ drcarmiac^ The iiubcr.* 
minded part of maokiivd will ficarcaly chinll 
that his condud c^n efcapf ibme fori of 
cenfure, mucl^ le^ deferve the Mcomiui&f 
that have J^cen lavished upon it. 

I 4m, Sio Yoar\ dlec« 

Maxims, fiy ^ Gfwtlmfiu, 

TO extgger^ i99e*a e^te, ia m9« inc 
won^an, le i^ geafral wrphg, focdi^i^ 
' vain, and, smdei m^V cii^nm^nfieay wick* 
ed, and unjuft^ 

It is wrong with rf fped to otkera, becauf« 
it is a deception which every g^nilemno (pK- 
ticularly if he it \t^idXtA wilh a fortusc) flumbl 
be incapable of. ^ 

With refpefli to^orfclvei it is f^oUAi, bei* 
caufe it in general dcceiv4t ^e*# felf, by ere- 
atbg in the mind an imaginarir wealthy 
which driving people to leaJ enpencef, htfff* 
riet them into (uch incoovenieacea aa make* 
life trooblefome a^d % bsirtben to them i for 
if they doq*t l^v^ up to that ideid for^oe» 
which they vainly and fiUily ^ave coairiitt- 
ted to make the W9f|d believe they are po^ 
fcfled of, and of cour/jp run into debt, tbef 
paft for near and coyftOMI, an impuMtion a« 
perfon hk«> to bf ^urgftd with I %nA thia 
may have occafioned many to here hurt aad 
injured their fortnnes beyond r^paratioflu 

It it not only wrong with reffcA tv 
othert. bat in.it*a tendency wicked aiNi uf»» 
juft ; in confequeoce of a faife repntatioA a 
man gett into trad^ment hooka for debts he 
knowa be will never be eble to pey (becomias 
thereby a cheat) and not oa^ rnba thole peo* 
pie he dealt with, but ia inoire€Uy the ooca- 
lion of robbing o|hert hf neceffiuting thofc 
tradefmen, who |ie npt over hooeft, to over 
charge; thofe who do pay well, by way oC 
count ef balance £»r thofe who do not. 

The man thn who knowa the neet pro* 
duce of hit fortune, and convincct the wor<d 
by hit f mdcBt mtna^cacat of it chat he 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



176^ Hifiory of tbi Pwf(C$am 4ff Lord Baltimore^ a 15 



ioa kaow k« will be fore to meet with re- 
fptd be his f«ttiiBe ever Co narrowly cir- 
cmnicribed ; ;whereas the bravadoztf^ ' fb6l 
flr kiUTe, of perhaps ten times his income, 
viUin the end be branded with the^iipora 
ui contempt of cveiy one, 

A mpartiMl Kifi^ry of the Uti Pnfecutm 

fain/I the Might Honour^hU' the Lord 
ALTiMOftX, for a Raft on Sarah 
Woodcock— tfff</ agait^ El-izabxtk 
GKirrsNBVRG and Ann HAKvxYy 
jfir^nff^ ^ttjfar'm t§the Gmit imputed to 
Aif Lard/bi^, 

MISS WOODCOCK, the heroine of 
the following little narrative, was a 
■ilHner in King-ftreet, Tower-hill, and 
firrimth her father and her fitter. -In 
Deamber laft, according to het own evi- 
ieacf, a gentleman came .16 her fliop, in 
nopanf with t female coftomer, bought an 
ojhteen-pennjr ruff, and then went away J 
About k week aftefwatds he came and pur- 
?ktfcd nine yards of ribbon ; and in the 
ttwfc of another week came again, with hii 
cwt extremely muddy on one fide, faying, 
«c«h had thrown him down, and defiring 
Jcnigbt be permitted to fit a little, if he 
MsWaot dirty the chair^-Mifs Woodcock 
taW him, he would not hurt the chair ; but 
flWerrtd, that it was Very odd he did not 
feeUjKcoichj to which he replied, that 
K w« thinking oi her ; and in a fhort 
t^ f«id, he (bould be glad of an opportu- 
Wfof attending her to the play— Mifs 
Voodc dc anfwercd, thatihe never went to 
'phf, nor ever intended to go, from an 
«?«niot, that the exhibitions of the theatre 
•oe by no meaos innocent amurcraents. 

The gentleman foon after retired, with- 
•J« ^ag ^ny thing particular ; but on 
JJwday the 14 h of December, at niaht, 
«n. Harvey came to Mifs Woodcock*s, 
»^befpokc a pair of laced ruffles, defiring 
^ might be rtady the next day j and 
«!i^, that as iht loved to encourige young 
JjpQKrs, flie would recommend Mils 
*^eodcock to a lady of her acquaintance 
Jw would be a very good cuftom r. Milk 
*«oicock made the ruffles, and Mrs. Har- 
J2 accordingly called for them purfuant to 
«rpfomlfe. and Mifs^Woodcock received 
•a «4er to call upon ber at her houfe, about 
"Mother articles, at four o'clock the fuc- 
<«oag (which wai the Wedncfday) even- 
««tt Mrt. H.irrey's houfe was in a place 
«*d the Curtain-row, near Holloway 
«^«t. The maid opened the door to M'fs 
*wock at the time appointed, and in- 
deed hrr to Mrs. Harvey, who behaved 
*«h great politenrfs.and immediately ordered 
*»! which Mifs Woo<k:ock would have 
*^Bgly <|eclincd, could fhe have done it 
•ithciTiUtyj but in about a moment, a 
'"* niMi, of a JewiA appearance, whofe 
*f« fte hat fince ibufld to be Iftat Ifaacs, 



«arae in, and paid a number of compliments 
to Mrs. Harvey, telling her, he waa going 
to the play, and as he moft have a coach, he 
would fet her down at any |hace ihe might 
have an occafion to call at that evening | 
Mrs. Harvey jnftantly accepted the offcf, 
and aficed Mifs Woodcock's company %n. a 
ftort vifit to the lady whom fiie had prou 
mifed our unfufpe£ling milliner as an excel- 
lent cuftomer : Mifs Woodcocjc made manf 
apologies on account of her drcfs, which 
were entirely over-ruled by Mrs, Harvey '| 
and at laA the Jew and the two kdies ftepped 
into the carriage, which was now waiting 
for them at the door, and which Mifc 
Woodcock foon difcovered to be much raone 
elegant than the cuftomary order of hacks. 
The coachman drove faft, and in half an 
hour they were fet down at a very magnifi- 
cent houfe. Here Mrs. H«rvcy introduced 
her to Dr^ Gviffenburg, Mrs. Griffenburg'e 
hulband, and after fome general converfa- 
tion, the genttbman came jn, to her great 
furprizc, who had been ihr^ times at her 
fliop, and who wa« in fa^ no other than the 
identical Lord Baltimore, with whom fiie 
was Aortly to have io remarkable a con- 
nexion : His Ljrdftip, however, concealed 
his quality, and paflcd only for the ftewari 
of the lady who was to favour Mifs Wood- 
cock with her cuftona; he addrcfied her, 
neverthclefs, with much civility, and or- 
dered tea,- of which (he was with difficulty 
prevailed upon to drink a difli. When the 
tea things were removed, a heap of nick^ 
nacks, fuch as purfcs, fmelling bottleg. te- 
totunas, and a ring, were brought in. which 
he faid he had bought on purpofe for her, 
but (he peremptorily refufed to accept them, 
and told Mrs. Harvey, ihe fiiouid be mighty 
glad to go home: Mrs. Harvey faid, fhe 
fiiould go prefently j but the pretended fte- 
ward infifted, that Mifs Woodcock (hould 
firft*fee the houfe p and when flie repeated 
her defire ai taking leave, declared fii« 
fliould not think of ftirring till flie ha4 
Itippcd. On this he ordered fupper, and 
Mrs. Griffentfurg leaving the room, he took 
Mifs Woodcock behind a window curtain, 
and attempted fuch liberties .with her, aa 
roufcd her utmoft indignation : She wai 
now determined not to ftay a moment longer 
in the houfe, and made up to the rooi» 
door, with a defign of departing 5 but /up- 
per comin? in, (he was obliged to fit down 
by Lord Baltimore, though fhe abfolutcly 
refufed either to eat or drink, and daflicd a 
glafs of fylljrbubout of his hand, which ht 
wasprcfentmg to her with all the eameft- 
ncfs of the moft preffing foliciution. 

From the time the inf^lt had been offered 
to her behind the curtain, tilt the conclu- 
fion of fuppcr, Mi.ft Woodcock tells us, fiie 
was m tears, though (he had no idea of be- 
ing detained all night 5 but when (he faw 
no likelihood of his permitting her to return 
home, her anguiih became fo vifible, that 

it 



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it even oflfeneed Lord Baltimore, who faid', 
ftic need not trouble herfelf about him, that 
lie would not meddle with her, and refent- 
fully quitted the room. On his departure, 
Xfrt. Harvey, Mrs. Griffenburg, and Do€tor 
Grtftcnburg, exerted all their rhetoric to re- 
concile her to her iituation, and prevailed 
mpon her to go to bed; their arguments, 
hiowever, proved fruitlefs, and Mifs Wood- 
cock refolutelj perfifting in « dedar^ion of 
never going to bed in that houfe, they told 
ber, if fhe chofe to fit up all night, they 
did not ; smd concluded with informing 
her, that fhe muft at any rate go up ftairs ; 
accordingly they led her up to a room on 
the iecond floor, and again entreated fhe 
wotttd go to bed) but finding her inexorable, 
they ceaiied (heir importunity, and the two 
women, Mrs. Hariev, and Mrs. OrifFen- 
burgfWent to bed in the apartment to which 
they bad hroifght her, and left her a victim 
to the poignancy of her own reflexion's. ~ 
Puring the tedious tntervarof a long « in- 
ter's night, o\ir unfortunate milliner tells us, 
ihe was conilantly iii a flood of tears, be- 
wailing her melancholy fate, and deter- 
mining rather to die than to- fuffer the 
fmallefV diminution of honour. Aljout 
eight o'clock in tht morning, Hope fccmed 
to vifit her in the form of a young woman, 
paiGng under a window, out of which (he 
was looking, and meditating the means of 
her efcapej Mifs Woodcock dropped her 
handkerchief to her, which, to ufe her 
own exprtHion, was as xvetivitb tears as if 
di^d in water ; the foung woman took it 
up,- but the place from whence it was drop- 
ed being very high, fhe did net fee the pcr- 
fon who threw ir, and v as going on ; Mifs 
Woodcock on this called oot, ** Young 
woman, young woman," and was proceeding 
to tell her lamentable ftory, to the girl,who 
had now turned back, when the two women, 
Mrs. Harvey and Mrs. GrifTenburg, jumped 
out of bed, pulled her away from the win- 
dow, and in terms of abufe, demanded, how 
Ac could make fuch*a piece of work ; add- 
iag, that fhe had much reafon to cry,- in- 
dctd, when fomuch^would be done for her, 
and wiihed tl^at they had any profpcA of be- 
ing fo extremely fortunate. 

Jt would be end cfs to enter into a minute 
recapitulation of eveiy thing Mifs Wood- 
cock inforn:s the world fhe fuff^iered at Balti- 
more-houfe in Sout ampton row, from the 
time of her being firft taken ro it on the 
Wcdncfday evening, till her removal to his 
iKJrdfhip's country f^eat, ncarEpfom, on the 
Monday following : It will be fufHicicnt to 
acquaint the reader, that though fhe refifted 
the utmofl force of threats and perfuafions; 
though fhe fcarcely tafled a morfel of any 
thing for four days, and was almoft the 
whole time in a deluge cf tears, that fhe 
was nevcrthclcfs fo far intimidated as to 
write to her father, by Lord Baltimore** 



direction, acquainting him^ that fiie was n 
in very fafe and honourable hands, treate4 \ 
with the utmofl tendernefs, and advifing 
him therefore, to be under no uneafinefs <ni i 
her accoTtnt. With this letter another vras \ 
fent from Lord Baltimore, but without any 
name fubfcril}ed, containing a bank note for a 
two hundred pounds, and telling him, that 
he ftould fee hit daughter the day follow- 
ing, which was the fecond after her deten- « 
tion on the Wedncfday, at the houfe of one 
Mr. Richard Smith, in Broad-fbeet New 
Buildings: This promife, however, was 
not complied with ; on the contrary, Mi£i \ 
^Woodcock, the fucceeding Monday, was | 
carried from Southampton-row, is Lord | 
Baltimore's pofl coach to hit feat at Wood^ 
cote, near Epfom, by his LoFdffaip, in com* i 
pany with MrSr Hatvey, l>oekqt and Mrs* 
Griffenburg— where that qight, notwith- 
(landing all her tears and intreatiea, . which 
fhe tells us were numberleft, and notwith* 
flandiog her frequent ^/(tfj/ff^ivii^ Cod tm 
take her pvtof time into eternity, (Mi fa Wood- 
cock it an independent, and this it feems 
is a favourite phrafe of the xeligiout fo de- 
nominated) fhe was led to Lord Baltimore'^s 
bed by the two women, and there very 
fpeedily deprived of ^hat fhe held infinitely 
more valuable than life, by his Lonifhip. 

Mifs Woodcock, to ufe her own words* 
finding that fhe had loft every thing that 
was dear to her but life, waa now only foU** 
citous to prcfcrve that j and therefore deter-*- 
mined to put on an afl'e^ed chearfulftefsy 
for thefe three reafons— that flie might oot 
be ufcd ill—that fhe n\ight not be fcnt 
abroad — and that fhe might have fonae op* 
po tufiity of getting back to London, which 
was the only means fhe had oi returning to 
the arms of her family. In confeqoence of 
thiF determination, Mifs Woodcock readily 
aflentcd to every thing imm::tcrial, that is, as 
fhe herfelf explains it, to all innocent thiags, 
but gave into nothing wicked, fuch a*card- 
phyingj dancing, ormuftcal enter rainsnents, 
uslels compelled, becaufc flic knew they 
were repugnant, fhe tells us« to the insme- 
diatc word of God. 

From N'onday they continued at Woo4- 
cote till the Tnurfday evening, and thea 
returned to town ; but it docs not appear 
that aftrrtfac violence Mifs Woodcock com- 
plains of on the Monday night. Lord Balti- 
more attempted a repetition of any criminal 
familiarities till the Thurfday night, aftej' 
their arrival at Southampton-row : Mi^ 
Woodcock, however, by pleading a natural 
cxcufc to her fex, was fuf^'cred to lie vkrlth 
^*^s. Harvey that night; but on the fbl> 
lowing, Lord Baltimore infifted on ber 
ficeping with him; fne in vain exerted th« 
powerful rhetoric of tears, to be exempted 
from a compliance fo detcflable ;— he con- 
tinued inexorable; and fhe knowing (to uie 
h«r own words) that they would ufe forcc;^ 



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^$fCfs tWobdcock S^mn^ 



^\y 



#&edia*itotjQf9i|ply, vt lsft%reBt to bed c 
ifac icxt day i^c was ireiy ill ; nevertbders, 
4 «iaraa-|D9|c«r jR>ok her, meafture for a 
towi, and jfome^ auk4i and petticoats were 
mi^hc ioT her approbatioo ; tfiiefe, Jtit 
i/fi, •ciemattcm of. great tndlfr«eeiice to 
ha, ^adikc .d^fir«d the buyera to chofe jtift 
ai tbsy .plijafed. Nothia| taate-dal bap- 
feaedtUl Suoday efeniog, when Mift 
.W«od):9ck il$i«diiig tt bae of the. windows, 
^ bad a pcotfpea to. Hampftead, faw Mr. 
Difii, a ydung man «(rhb had ooarted her 
hK Ume, tMB6, and whbm ibe tbnfidbrdd 
jaiiba ffpcipr6cal^e£UMi. 

Grc»tly afstAted at iiif ap^^uuncc, and 
feiaikliag lAft^be Aould not (oe her. ihe 
«s ready to (ink, as (be tells us,, with the 
^t^a&ri^fHrtct^ ^er .bdpe and ber .appre- 
^«i(k||,$.bllt lectBg him go behind a wbU 
jBcvtbe F^uadlUg Hofpital, and peep two 
^thi^e cimes^ ihe wis certain be* knew 
ki: He then took abook out of his poo- 
M sad ai#de/ a motion as .if he dbflred her 
tftjwic^V^ncbit (Hie waved her* hand 
fiKJM^.Qil come nearer,. hot he not (eeming 
;tof|i4trfluid that ftgh, (he, itgardlefs of ail 
. ^aymrc ty or to uieber.own word, h^- ' 
.4aA,K)in into an adjoining room, where 
LN BftltlnMfe ttfiudly fat,. and Called cmt 
Uaioice.oragDnjrjcorMr. Davis,; « I ean^ 
4K «Mie fa |r^, I cannot come- to you.** 
4(r«Dsm«ft3cd.hiSr,.ifihe was well? But 
Abated Ihe iimftioa, by tftipg how her 
Ma did>r-rMr. Dgfil anfwered, «He 
Kfutt, aiid^vK&are. all well,— hoM( do you 
Mf* Aft^;<ki4{ he enquired aboet Mrs. 
l^HTi J^ils.lVniadcock faid, flie knew 
Miafof »hfr«r-He then, eni^iiired, if all 
«« well.wich hetfel/ } She; was xeady to 
^•t the interrogatory, (he inforins .ui, 
ltd Mly raying,- '< Good-bye,** (hut down 
^•vipdow, being apprehenfive fomebody 
•■^4 (^fcoTer,her tti this unexpe&ed Con • 

It.it.necefTary to tell, (he readtfr, that 
ilr. Davis's fodden .a{>peataAce near, fialti- 
mn boufe, was Jiot the af!ie£l of any for- 
|"9Me accident, 4ike 4he commoti run qf 
iatenriews between .di(b«fled lovers in. a 
'^saace ; on the contrary,, it. was the re- 
fill of JhAngiuipicbn, and. diligent e&qoiry. 
Wiwi Mifs Wooiicocic fo fuddcnly .difap^ 
fcaid, ^i(^0M(t mtiirrfUcircuitoftance for 
^ fiends, was to. dlfcover . Mxs^ Harvey, 
vliddid not retiwrn.to.^liei; houfe near Hol- 
^; Mount > for loroe days. One Gof^; 
ksvfvtf,. whom they employed to. watch 
^ ^i ^^9^f^ ^^^ iw<l A Jc^ fn>m Moorer 
M ta the Btt^aloe tavern door, Bloomf- 
Utyi they were in a hackney coach, which 
^utem down at the laiUmentioned place, 
^ ihence they walked to l^ord Balti- 
^ti^t^gat^ ; Mrs. Harvey went in,- and 
|^< jew took a different courfe. . On this 
J^fafflpLattoj), ; Dayis reconottred Baltimore 
We attcntiTply, aad had at kjft .the iiitis- 

AlHJ» 1768. 



faction of feeing and cooverfing, iis we hav% 
related^ with bis rofrdrefi. — I ut to retarn^ 

The next morning (Monday) sfier thi 
interview -between Mr. Davis and Mifs 
Woodcock, L«rd Baltimore came into a 
room where (he was fitting, clapped her 
familiarly on the flioulder, and told her, 
ihe (hoald certainly fee her father in a fc W 
hoofs : She expreflfed great- {•ic.tuirc, Cr^ 
tells us, at this information, a-<i l>cpt uj;^ 
ftairs-rd^ii# en her things , as fhc' terms it : 
Mrs. Gri<^*enbarg followed her, zni fiid, 
her father was to be at her (Mrs. CrifT n- 
bnrg*s) houfe in Dean-(^reet, Soho. In k 
little time Mrs. Grifrenburg^ Mifs Wood- 
cock, and a KtUe diifs, fet out for Dean- 
-ftreetfin a hackney Coach; — bat the read^ 
ihould be inforihed, it was previoufly agreed 
that Mifs Woodcock /Tibuld te^l her father^ 
dhewas very wiHing to (hy at Lord BaUr* 
inore*s ; and to fay alfo, that fhe was in tbV 
character of a companion to the young lad^ 
who went with her in the coach. 

On their arrival at Mrs. '<JriffenburgV 
Mils Woodcock experienced a new moiti(iw 
cation j her father, whom (he expc€lcd t% 
be there before her, was not come; nor^ 
though (he waited upwards of two hours^ 
•was there any figh of his appearance : About, 
this time, however, Lord Baltimore, and. 
Dr. Grifienbutg came in, who informed hcr^ 
that her father had taken Mrs. Harvey up, 
and put her in the Round-houfe: MifV 
Woodcock received great fatisfa£Hon froA 
this circumftance, though (he was afr^ij^ 
to (hew it : She judicioyfly obfervetli 
that her friends would not difcharge Mrs. 
JHarvey, till (he (Mifs Woodcock) -was fet 
at liberty ; and therefore advifed tjiat Ihe 
might^e permitted to fee her father,^ alTurr 
ing them that (he could eafily fettle mattera 
to her mind, and procure Mrs. Harvey*« 
enlargement. In confequcnceofthisaflTur* 
anccj (he was fuffercd to write, and one Mr. 
Morris,a linhen-draper^ undercook to dclive'ir 
the letter to her father ; ■ Mr. Morris went 
in. a coach with Lord Baltimore, Miff 
Woodcock, Dr. Griffenburg, the Doctor's 
niece, and a little girl, to tne Crown and 
Magpye io Whitcchappel ; from thence Ke 
proceeded with his commiflion to Mr.. 
Woodcock's, but was told he was not at 
home ; and moreover informtd, that the 
time of his return was uncertain. Mr. 
Muri^is on this- came back with the lettci* 
to tbi Crown and Magpye. and Mifs Wood- 
cock wrote to Mr. Berry, the landlord of 
her houfe, dcfrring him to bt^ her father 
would make himfclf as eafy as he coula, 
for (he would fee him at ten o'clock next 
morning. 

When matters were thus adjufted, Lord 
Baltimore aod his company at the Crow9 
and Magpye, ordered the carriage, and 
drove to Covent garden; at Bridges- ftrcct 
Mr- Morris got uut, and went to Sir Jo^n 

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She is rejiored to ier Friends. April 



FielfUns*!, U enqTitre for Mr. Woodcock 9 
lA a Ucck time he rcturoedy accooipanted 
by one of Sir Iohn*s clerks, who brought 
a card to Mifs Woodcock from his mailer, 
telliog her, ihe (hould fee her friends at 
his (Sir John's) houfe. This card Mi(s 
Woodcock put into Lord Baltimore's band, 
who faid fhe ihoold not go : On which Ac 
told the clerk to acquaint her friends that 
ihe would be at Dr. Critfenburg's, and de- 
fired they might repair to her immediately. 
Mils Woodcock heard nothing of her friends 
thatntght; but mcHengiir after meOenger 
came to Dr.GrifFenbui:gy to tell Lord Balti- 
tnore, that there was a great mob about Bis 
houfe in Southampton-row, and tbat fome 
women had been crying there : This intel- 
ligence, Mifs Woodcock fays, terrified his 
Lordftip to fuch a degree, tbat he was 
afraid to go home, through an apprehenfion 
that (he would be taken from him out of 
the coach : She however told him, that 
they could not take her from him, unlefs 
Ihe was willing) and added, that (he would 
not go with any of Sir John Fielding's peo- 
ple. In ibme time after thi? they fet out 
for Baltimore houfe. Mifs Woodcock was 
all thts time under violent fears of being 
cither murdered, or fent out of the kingdom 
that night : She believed her converfation 
with Mr. 'Davis had been difcovered, and 
imagined that Lord Baltimore would ftop at 
BO meafurcs to be revenged. When (be 
came therefore to Baltimore houfe, ihe 
raifed herfelf in the coach to fee if any 
of her friends were among the crowd. Lord 
Baltimore pulled her down, and ordered the 
Coach to proceed, which it accordingly did j 
but fev^ral men, whom ihe took for 
Sir John Fielding's, endeavou'ed to force 
into the court-yard with the cariiage, which 
Mifs Woodcock feeing, when (he ftcpped 
out or the carriage, flic cried, " Let the 
men come in," onvhich his Lordlhip 
pulled her into the houfe. The next morn- 
ing Mr. Watts, of whom (be had heard the 
preceding night, came to Baltimore houfe, 
and after a converfation with Mifs Wood- 
cock, in which ihe told him fkc was there 
by her own free will, he ferved a writ of 
flabeas Corpus on Lord Baltimore: In 
confequencc of this fervice, his Lordfliip 
conduced her toLordMansfield'sjof whom, 
however, /he had not the leaft idea, nor 
entertained any notion that he had power 
to deliver her. There (he faw feveial of 
her friends j put being ilill fearful that Lord 
Baltimore's influence would prevail, and 
that nublvman having told her he (hould 
be undone if (he did not (land by him in 
this extremity, and fay (Ite wa« willing to 
{o back^ to him, (he accordingly exprelfcd 
£er readinefs to return with him, tp Lord 
Mansfield j though ihe at the iSnne time 
faliJ, (lie had been carried tc^ andxleifiioed 
at Baibimore houfe^ quite agaioA her in*' 



cliqation; But the moment flie (aw her 
father and her fifter alone, and was perfeAly 
convinced Lord Mansiield had fnfficient 
authority to fet her at liberty, that moment^ 
(he aded in conformity to the real fenti- 
menu of her heart, and cxpreflisd her de« 
teftationof Lord Baltimore, liftemng rea- 
dily to the advice of her friends, and gaye 
the neceflfary information for a profecutiom 
before Sir John Fielding. The re(l is well 
known . Lord Baltimore and the two wo* 
men who were indided as acce(Taries, gave 
bail to (land trial, which they accordingly 1 
did at ICingfton,- and after a hearing of al- 
moft twenty hours, the Jury withdrew, and 
in about an hour and twenty minutes, ac-> 
quitted the prifoners. 

if we were to dofe our narrative in thit 
place, we (hould be filled with aftoatftmeot 
to find any jury who coald poffibly acqait 
the prifoners \ but in this cafe, as in oery 
other, the queftion has two fides ; and k U 
proved by a multitude of witnefTes, tbat 
Mi(s Woodcock fo far from being eatremely 
wreuhed in the houfe of Lord Baltimore, 
was one of the merriefl in every conpsnj* 
It is alfo proved, that inftead of living con^ 
(Untly upon fighs and tears,(he gefierally ea( 
and drank as chearfully as any body tXft ; 
and evsn coadefcended to- wear feveral 
articles which were furni(hed by hit trades^ 
people : Indeed Mifs • Woodcock acknow>- 
ledges this, but at the fame time dse fays, 
(he gave no directions about the m^ke ef 
thefc articles, but fufFered Lord Baltiniore't 
people to dire^ her as they pltafed. Tbf 
mantua maker, however, and the milliner, 
fwear quite contrary circumftances ; th^ 
latter particularly fays, that flie made fome 
flannel petticoats for MiCs Woodcock by her 
own diredions ; and what was fomething 
exttaordinary, was directed to make tfaein 
tie before ) an inflru£Hon which the mil- 
liner took remarkable notice of, becanfe (be 
never had received fuch another order, in 
the whole courfe of her buflnefs : Befidea 
this, (he herfelf acknowledges, that (he re- 
ceived thirteen guineas, on fome occafion, 
from my Lord, without any reludance, and 
even chofe an article of her drefs, merely 
hecaufe the colour was approved of by Lord 
Baltimore. 

The moft material evidences, howerer, 
on the part of Lord Baltimore, urat Mr. 
Way, a gentleman oi eminence, who ba^ 
pened to be at Lord Mansfield's when 
Lord Baltimore brought Mii^ Woodcock, 
there, in coniequence of the Habeas Cor- 
pus, and Robert Rofe, a fervant of L^Ord 
Mansfleld. Mr. Way was particularly de- 
(ired, as he fweara^ by Lord MansfiM, not 
to go out of the mom, when Miis Wood- 
cock canoe in, and his i ordfbip a(ked ber, 
if ^( was und«rMPy ionflra'tm from Lord Bal- 
timore, or fcw< <onfned by b.mf To this Ibe 
anfweied, ^9/ in the Uafl^ and repeatedly 



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Tbe other Side of the ^Jlion. 



Lord MansBcld afterwards aiked hcr> if (he 
W sot fpokjcn ^ Ibme perfon ovt of Lord 
£aitiaiore*s window ? (aiJudiDg to Mr. Da- 
vis} (he faid, flic had j and aiOgncd for a 
laiba, chat ihe wanted to iitform her fa* 
thcrjfcr wtfi mi7 .* In anfwer to thi»^ Mifs 
Woodcock CaySj ihe. was iatimidnted into 
tbeie declarations, from her ignorance of 
Lord Mansfield's being a magiftratej» and 
from an imagination that Lord Baltimore 
voold prove too powerful for all the efforts 
•f her frienda to procure her Hberiy. But 
Mr. Way fays, that Lord Mansfield a/kcd 
kei, if ihe was not of age \ and added, if 
fite was not, that h* voyuU takt her avjay 
frmLtrJ Baltimore ; whereupon ihe repliod 
vitha (mile of pofitivenefs,iiww^o«ra«- 
miitUfMy L^f ai I mm cf agi* When 
tiiis circumftance is confidered ; when it is 
•afidered that Mifs Woodcock faw fev^ral 
if her friends in Lord Mansfield's hall, in- 
terring thennielves to releafe her from tbe^ 
*r^ ^ belly as ihe calls Lprd Baltimore's 
w»ak I wheA it is recolledtd that ihe her- 
icif declares in going to Lord Mansfield's, 
that Lord Baltimore, in the mod earneft 
terms of entreaty, requeued )S&< VHmU ftand 
h ^, afluring her, he was undnt, unlefs 
ue (aid ihe cohabited with him willi»g/y ; 
whox all thele things are recolle^ed, and 
when ic is moreover remembered that Mifs 
Woodcock, was thirty years of age, it muft 
appear a little ibange, that the ihould fup- 

Cie Lord Baltimore was ilill able to detain^ 
r igainil Jier coafent ; efpecially when (he 
iaw his Lordihip even a£ling ' a fecondary 
part, and when he was not fo much as ad- 
mitted to be prefent with her before Lord 
Mamfield: Yet fuppofing, for argument 
kktf that ihe did no| know Lord Manf- 
idd to be a magiftrate, iUU ihe knew Sir 
John Fielding to be one f and yet it does 
a»C appear, that at the time his clerk 
farooght a card from his mailer, that ihe 
cxpidTed tbe leaft wilHngnefs to go wth 
him, thoogh at that very time, ihe was in 
acaachin one of themoft public itreets in 
the xnetropolis, though a fufficient force 
caciJd be inihiAtly cpUeded even from the 
popniace to refcue her; th>ugh ihe was 
trembling with a violent apprehenfion of 
cither being murdered, or fent abroad, that 
very evening i neverthelefs, ihe cahnly de- 
Bven Sir John Fielding's note to Lord 
Bolttmore, ind deliberately defires her 
fticods to follow her to Pr. Griffenburg's. - 
h is mHo very furprifing, that in her inter- 
view with Mr. Davis from the window, ihe 
akvcr once complained of ill u(age ; nor, 
fjMKigh particularly a/ked by him, if all 'was 
w^s even hinted that ihe was detained 
•gaiaft her confent ; on the contrary, when 
he orges this queftioh. ihe ihuts down the 
window, though furely if this was the cafe, 
k was the &rA circumHancis of which ihe 



219 

natof ally Aould, and indeed natnfally wooM 
inform him. We fee that the momiog im- 
mediately after her detention at Lord Balti- 
more's, tho confined iu his honfe, and far- 
rounded by his people, before the vsoktioB 
on her virtue was committed, ihe attempts 
every thing for her liberty, and drops her 
handkerchief to an accidental paileoger, 
that her father may be acquainted with her 
melancholy ficuation ;yet when the robbery 
of her honour was perpetiatcd, when from 
that circumftancc, her dcteftation of Lord 
Baltimore ihould be aggravatfitf to the high- 
eft degree j and when h*r father's diflrefs 
mnft be encreafed in proportion to the length 
of her confinement, ihe will not tell the 
man whom ihe has approved of for a huf- 
band, that ihe is kept againil her iocKna- 
tion ; will not fatisfy his preiling enquiries 
on that fubjeQ, notwithftandingibe has par- 
ticularly called him to hear her lamentable 
tile ; and notwithilanding the very enlarge- 
ment, about which ihe was fo anxiooily ■ 
folicitous, depended moft materially upon 
his knowledge of the faa ; In reality, the 
opportunities which Mifs Woodcock had of 
complaining, appear to be innumerable ; yet 
ihe never complains till ihe is delivered to 
her relations. She is fearful of rough 
words, though ihe willies, and even b^ 
to be deprived of her life ; nothing will 
prevail upon her to commit the eaecrable 
fin of playing a game at cards, though ihe 
goes to the fpoiler's bed at command : And 
notwithilanding ihe thinks hypocrify jufti- 
fiable in trifiing matters, ihe does not think 
of attempting to preferve herfelf from pol- 
lution, though the excufe, fo applicable to 
her fex, had once been pleaded with the 
greateft fuccefs. But if thefe reafons are 
not fufficientto vindicate the Jury who ac- 
quitted Lord Baltimore, the evidence of 
Robert Rofe, a feivant of Lord Mansfield, 
is fubmitted to the confideration of the 
reader. 

This witnefs pofitively fwears. That he 
was prefent at a converfacion at Lord Manf- 
field*s between Mifs Woodcock, her father, 
and herfiiler ; in this converfation he fays, 
ihe defired them net to be uneafyf esjbt wsi 
very well, and wry bappy^ as Lo/rd Balti- 
more bad behaved very genteeJly to her— and 
. as Jbe jbonld be able to do Jometb'tngfor tbem^ 
Lord Baltimore was not prefent a^ this* 
Mifs' Woodcock was now ' acquainted that 
Lord Mansfield had power to take her from 
' Lord Baltimore, yet ihe ezpoiluhtes with 
them about the inutility of going hoine 
vrith them ; obferves that all her acquain- 
unce will think her a ilrumpet -, and though 
they burftinto tears, ihe difcovers no fuch 
tokrn of emotion in the prefencc of the 
witnefs; on the contrary, it appears that 
they were together a confiderabie time be- 
fore ihe agrees to quit Lord Baltimore \ nor 
does ih« dream of applying for juiUce to a 
£ e a magiftrat^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



I lytF A % Ti A L R IV I m-vt 



220 

m^flrite, - til} (lye' it earned to Sir Jokft 
FUloln^'fl by her relatione, tnd ^Sfifd, if fbe 
does noc fe«l a ftrong refentmiot againA th« 
nviflier f aa4 interrogated wttb a tore of n» 
flo^n upon her urdineri, if die it not 
wililng to cdmmftfiee a profecottoo. 

The fame opeonefs Which obliged titta 
i^ate Mift Woodcock** fide of the qveiHoit 
foDy* obliged M to do e<{uaV juftice to Lord 
Baltiaiore*i, tod we do- not think we iboiild 
treat him wirii fuffictcot; candour vnlcfs we 



were ta infeiyit oar ro^Mf^ tint imHrtIV;- 
ftaading the iadfig«atiot» wl^l^ M^^#oi»di. 
cock and hw ftcber ar« ftitfl- witii' againfl^ 
L«rd BdtinMieV it Ayes^noi af»pear thaf tb^ 
o«e Irat yet rehffned the- tnio hon^d pbupdi' 
which wae font WhHn, titr' ^ej' it appealr/ 
that the otlier>ha« >et giten back thfe g^n|' 
and petticoat*, abottt "which flb^ tk^e^$,'' 
(6 mtfch inditeFtDcot to' tilt- iiiafittit«.i|)ak)tir 
ajM the inUiiattr^ 



4fi IMPARTIAL REVIEW^/ NEW P IfBLI C ATI 0N8% 



ARTICLE I. 

^AT Effijy on the PrincipHit cfGovemmntf 
j^' and 9n the Na/Hri of potitiesl^ chnl and 
rtli^ioiii Uhtrty. By JoOph PrieftJyj 
IX. D, F. It. S. 1 vo/. ftw. DodAey. 

Thia it an tngenioot performance, and 
ewiBi itt rife, the judioont aothor acquarmt 
u9| to fome rema^kt vilhicfa he formerly 
wrote on Dr. Brown*t prb^al tWa code of 
education— it it moch to Dr, Prieftly'i ho- 
noor that hit pc^formabce it not coqrta- 
mtnated with any malieoi bujt breathes the 
geherous fpiHt of good itnU and real bene^ 
vcleoce}' hit' thoughtaon civil and religioot 
Ine^ty are extremdy wofthy df attention' aC 
tblt critical period^ and therefore we fhttl 
nake.an txtt^Ot from that- part of his work 
fir the fais*tdioa of our ibidert — " The 
mbfi importa t ^ucft on (fayt the doAOr)' 
condBrniog the ex'cnt of civil gOTermneot il^ 
whether the civil magiftrate 6utht'to etUod* 
bis a-thoriry tomatteraof rell^w^ and the- 
only method of deciding this ahnportant qu6f> 
t«o, aa it appears TO me, is to have reieoitfrf^' 
•t -once' to firft principles, ar.d the ultinitW 
rlilc conccrnins: ever y thing that refpe£li a fo« 
ciety ; .vie. whether focfa inttTfcrence of the 
civil ntegiftrate appears, from reafon. or from* 
fa6V, to bi; for the public good. And as allar- 
guinents a pni>rl ih liriattert of policy are 
ipr CD bo fallacious, fa^- and evp^ri^nce fcenl' 
tq^bt oar only fafc gold .' Now^ thefe, at' 
fat as 01^ koowSedge of hiOoryi c^erids» de-' 
dare cUarl; for no }nterf<erenc(^ in this^ c«fe, 
at all, or at leaA fot as lUtl^ at it poflible, 
Thofefocietfcs have eter e«'j*»yed thi* ihofF 
happined, and have been, tehfii farlhvi, ihf 
the mod flourtfhmg ftate, Whetr th^ dvil^ 
iftagidratts have 'meddled the Uaft'w^th' re-' 
lifion, add Where they have'tbe rabft clofe^ 
If tonfiocd their attention to wrhaV imnie- 
d'ately affeat the ciWl ititerclH* of their fel- 
low eilii;,enl. 

' Civil and religioQt ntattert Ctak*hg the 
words in their ufual icccpiStibrf^ fecm A) be 
fo diUlnfl, that it'cao Only He in' rtij un* 
comxOn emrrgtncic^, whferiCj ' ioi inffahcei 
religioOi ^dar'rett alnongth^ niemberrof the 
ikatt rifif very* high, fhat tk^ civil' nia^ftrii^' 
<ijl have- any caU; ot |ffctdiletf^fi^ 



fiaginrate 
iStttr^- 



sng whh religien* •We know that' iiHinite 
mrfchieff hav^ arififrnfroori thii-intei^ftrence; 
and we have' yet f(ften' no- ioconyen^ence ttf 
have arlfen fsom the went^ or the rehnatioo 
of ir, 

' The fikK coiinlry of FfehdeH^ ttfe'riioir 
Aonrifhtng and opnlclit then in Etrropjt; wat ' 
ahfolntely mined^ paft recovery^ by the" i^iad^ 
attempt of PhiFptlte fecond^ to^ if^trodoce^ 
the JMpiflf inquifittoh into that coontry-. 
^ance w4t 0«afly Kurt by^ the rWotatiOn 6f* 
t)>e edia of Minta ; whfereat En^and'was, 
a great gainer on both- oecafions^ by grant»> 
lAg an «f)l6ih-fdr thbfr perfccotcd induf*- 
trioas peej>le ; wild repaid 'Ot -for oor kiod* 
nefs, hfy theintroddAtdoorxritoy tifeful artlf 
and manuf^illq^et^ Whitfa wcrtr the fovhda- 
tioir of c%r' prefent-eooHtterc^ ii<;het, and^ 
power. 

Peh(ylt;iiiia fldorifted nHichf mpre, thiil' 
New Ehglahdt or thalf any ofhfet of this' 
Biii^rlh ftttlemehts \\x Ndrth Anterici,' 
evidehtly' in colrl^^hce of ^Vihg tn^^ejiber- 
ty in' outtert'of religiohj it its m eftX* 
UifiAnent; NoHii^ has'foond its advantage: 
in the ihdulgehde ilie gives to a gTctinrirtV 
of reltgien^ perfaafToos. Bd^lnd hat alf«. 
been mi^ch more flotrrtflnng and happy, Bnce] 
the'eftibfifluaenr^ is it may proper y cnoo|h' 
fafe ftiledy of the difltohting irtetK»»d of wor- 
(Kpi by what It c<^'rHon(^ called^t¥fe a^o/ 
tilhatigit And ell the feiifible pa»t of "Eut 
rbp^ concur in thfnkihg, b^tK thiat thcf Pa-- 
lifh^difl[[9entt havt^ a'ri|^t' to all the pfivi- 
li|es oT other Poliih qiUens ; and that U io< 
jkufh hapipief for' thiit co^rttry that tHeif' 
diiins are a^h^ttt^ : and none but intereftrfl' 
l^aits^ opf^fjfWthcv dcipaijdS; 

flf we looli^a-jittle farther drf" from bonfe^ 
let itbfe faidj what^ncoiiV^nic^c^ did'Jenjj'hl^ 
kfan, Tamerlane^ and' otber eaftet^ con- 
^iierort erer fin^ fromricavinjj r^ljtt^o to" lAf 
n^ral courfe in'tlie c?3ontTies'the)^fubklbed^ 
and from having CnriAlans. MatTdthefSnii. 
aiid a va>it*fy of Pagjnsf under the TioHe 
form of civil goVerdtn'enr.^ AVe n(i^t. boilr 
CHriftianfty and MDhamoaedanSrou i>< f*^ 
ef^blirtf^d (the foopet at Ic'aft' fdlly td!e-' 
ratl^d\*rn Ti^ke^ ; ai^d what inconvaiienc« 
%rort&'metiti(^nln|^ -has' cm' atifdi fVom n >' 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



1768. 



Of Hrw Pirii.ic^AT'ioKs. 



**^ 



Pltfh if thtn, tbtt man and fairer cai- 
pcrimcQts" arc not made | whca, jud^^iig 
from what it pad, tbe confequciAcef of am- 
immm^ liktriyf in. wtfittirg tf rtlig^on, promifc 
to be fo Ycry fat<(»ur4Ue to the beft intercfli 
<4 oankiod* 

I am awart, tbat the CMoexion bctv^eea 
mil and reli^oas atFairtj will bt ^f^g/iLfot 
the ntceflicj of fome ioterference of the If 
giOature with religioo \ and I do not deny 
the conoeQion. BiiC at this connexion haa 
aiwayt been found to be the greateft in bar- 
baront nations, and im|>erfed govemoienUA 
to which it leadf an uJeful aid } it otajr^be 
prefomed, that the cooacdion ii gradually 
frowing Ufs nece&ry \ and that, i^ the 
p^ient advanced ftatfs oC homan iociety, 
there, i& verj little occasion for it. For my 
own party 1 have no apprehenfioo, but that, 
at ihU day, the laws might be obeyed very 
wtU without any ecclefJaftical fapdiooij 
enforced by the ctvit magilhate. 

Noc th4t 1 think religion will erer be a 
flutter €^ indifference 10 civil foctety : that 
h impoffible, if the word be underftood in 
ki greateft latitude, and by religion wq. 
mean that principle whereby men are in- 
iiKOCcd by the dread of eyil* or the hope 
ti Ttfizs^ from any uaicnown and inTitibJe 
cattfea, whether the good or evil be expert* 
^ CO uke place in this world or another, 
CMiprehendio^emhafiafm, fiiperftition« and 
erery fpecietjoffaire religion, at well af the 
troe. Nor ia fuch an evoot at all defirable ; 
nay, the more juft motives men have to the 
iame good adiont, the better ; but reli- 
Mia motives may ftlU operate in favour of 
ue civil laws, without iodT a conneftion as 
•has becD fofBiedf b e tw een tbem in.eccttrufti- 
a] etabUihments;, and. I thinks this cnd^ 
wo«U be aafwered even better witho^t that. 



i all the n^odes of reKgion, which fab6$ 
amon^jnaolciod, however fubverfive of vir- 
^. they ni^y be in theory, there ia fome 
fihvfor good morsls ; fo that. In fa£l, the/ 
enApfca the more e0ciitial partt, at leafl, of 
t&at coi^od, which the ^od order of fociety 
rt^oirea. Bc^^es, it might he czpeftrd, 
that if a|] the.modef of religion were equally^ 
pioCedcd by the civil magiftrate.. they would' 
all vie with one aoother,^ which ibould beft 
deferve that p^oteQion. This, howefer, is 
in {*^^ all the alHaoce that can take place 
between religion and civil policy, each en- 
ienSbf the fame ^pdoA by diffisrent motives. 
Any other aJIianu Settoeen ehureb andfi^tt ia 
•aly^ the i^iance of difi^ereut (brts of wor^dlv 
aJeded noen, for their temporal emolnmeor. * 
It, A fiftt Hxfi^rf of Barbadoes. fr9m in 
fojt Di(c9vtry and S*ttlemni to the Tgar, 1 767, 

'Alia litck tra^ aofwers its title extremely 
«<% be|og indeed a (hort hiiiory of Barba- 
4^ i It i', hovvever, though a concife a 
&iiUe oor, and is drawn up with aa ap^ 



rencj^iparthility imofua| ifs (heh pobt^^tfonn 
Hi. PrtaftsofC^JMi^Haffitl^t addrejl 
td to * Lsdjf am ber Marriagi, Bf ]otitk 
Lang^ne, D, D. it. 4/0. Secket, 

The #orthy divine who has ftrung theft 
pfecepti tdgether might with eqoil propriety 
have called his perforipapc^ a body of nato-^ 
ral hiftory, a trtetife on the ftfall por, or a 
new Atal^ntis ;, for though we ha ire read it 
with the utmoff atteedon, not one precept 
can we difcover which relates in, the leaft to 
the matrimonial union, or gftei a real *ad- 
vice how t6 adtanpe its ffeliclryr-as to the 
verfific^ion take the fbltowing paffagc, 
which, bas a nearer connexion to the title tlua 
aoy other, ia the piece 

Shou*d eming nature cafual faults dtfclofb; 
Wonpd hpt the breaft, that harbbors your 
riepofc : [pTote 

For eVVy, grief that breaft from you