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Full text of "Los Angeles today, April 1, 1913"

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Los Angeles today 



iJOS ^NGELE S 




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Los Angeles Today 

== APRIL 1, 1913 =— = 
LOS ANGELES COUNTY 

Unparalleled in growth and energy. Not only a summer and winter 
resort, but one of the most enterprising business communities of the 
world. 

Los Angeles County, in 1910, ranked among the 58 counties of 
California, as follows: 

J^: First in value of farm property $199,998,200 

fv3 First in value of all crops 14,720,884 

'^ First in value of fruit and nuts 6,731,532 

^ First in value of hay and forage 3,430,698 

QQ First in value of dairy products 1,415,144 

U"J First in value of bearing lemon trees 219,149 

^ First in value of beet sugar production, tons 162,059 

/> ^ Second in number of poultry 513,965 

>»- O — Second in number of bearing orange trees 1,674,695 

^j Second in cost of irrigation enterprises 7,817,022 



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X^ cr Second in number of bearing olive trees 84,934 



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Second in walnut product, lbs 6,138,033 

D^£ ITS INTERURBAN ELECTRIC 



RAILWAYS 



For comparison, take the leading interurbans of the Central West 
as shown by the time tables of the lines radiating from the largest cities 
of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan and Illinois. These are the figures of the 
electric interurban trains departing from these cities : 

City Population 

Indianapolis, Ind 250,000 

Ft. Wayne, Ind 100,000 

Chicago, 111 2,100,000 

Springfield, 111 50,000 

Detroit, Mich 375,000 

Cleveland, 500,000 

Toledo, 200,000 

Columbus, 200,000 

Dayton, 125,000 



No. 


Train 


outes 


Departures 


9 


201 




100 




113 




75 




190 




155 


« 


173 


8 


116 . 


9 


155 



3,900,000 62 1,228 

But Los Angeles, with a population of 465,000, operates more inter- 
urban trains per day than the nine cities mentioned above, combined, 
with a total population of nearly 4,000,000, the departures from Los 
Angeles amounting at the time the above schedule was prepared, to 6200 
over 47 routes. 

The number of passengers handled yearly on our interurban lines 
amounts to over 97,000,000. 



LOS ANGELES TODAY 

APRIL I, 1913 

Compliments of the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce 




The Main Entrance to the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce 



Copyright by 

'UHE (ACEUNER COMPANY 

Los Angeles, 1913 



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Portion of Inner Harbor 



^/^OS ANGELES, the "City of the Angels" — or to give the sonorous 
^Ij Spanish title, "Nuestra Senora la Reina de Los Angeles" — the 
"^ Wonder City of the United States, is the most talked of city on 
the continent. Indeed, its fame has spread all over the world. A city 
that increases its population within the short period of 30 years from 
10,000 to 500,000 is certainly not in the ordinary class. 

There are three leading features that have contributed to this 
growth — climate, soil and location. Any one of these advantages 
would be sufficient to build up a large city, but taken together they 
insure the future of Los Angeles as the metropolis of the Southwest. 

Los Angeles was founded on September 4, 1781, by a small band 
of pobladores, or colonists, who had been recruited in the Mexican 
States of Sinaloa and Sonora, and brought here under command 
of a government officer, to found an agricultural colony, for the 
purpose of raising produce for the soldiers at the presidios. They 
were a mixed class, composed of one European, seventy-two Spanish- 
Americans, seven In- ,, dians, twenty-two mulattoes and 
thirty-nine Mestizos. As A. recently as 1831, fifty years after 
the founding of the pu- UEt eblo, the population was only 770. 





Coast 



Los Angeles Harbor 



In January, 1847, the population was 1500. Considering that twenty- 
five years ago it had not a single paved street, Los Angeles has 
made remarkable progress in street improvements. There are now 
over 600 miles of graded and graveled streets, 102 miles of paved 
streets and 467 miles of sewer. Los Angeles has a complete sewer 
system, including an outfall sewer to the ocean. 

That Los Angeles is, and will always remain, the commercial 
metropolis of Southern California, admits of no doubt. The city 
possesses the great natural advantage of being located on the shortest 
route, by the easiest grades, between the Pacific and the Atlantic 
oceans. The principal articles of export are fruits, fresh and dried, 
vegetables of great variety, beans, wine and brandy, wool, honey, 
canned goods, sugar, olives, wheat, corn, barley, petroleum and 
by-products. 

The banks of Los Angeles are noted throughout the country 
for their solid and prosperous condition, with deposits aggregating 
$181,886,445. The clearings of the Los Angeles city banks for the 
year 1912 amounted to $1,168,941,700. The assessed valuation of prop- 
erty in the city this year, in- 



cluding personal 
$441,331,475. 



property. 




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Los Angeles Public Market 



Los Angeles possesses the advantage of having four transcon- 



tinental lines. Altogether, there are 




over a dozen lines of railway 
centering in Los Angeles. 
Several steamship companies 
run vessels regularly from 
Los Angeles county ports to 
San Francisco, Portland and 
Puget Sound on the north, 
and San Diego on the south. 
When the Isthmian canal is 
constructed, the coast of Los 
Angeles county will be on the 
direct course of steamships 
sailing from the Atlantic 
coast and from European to 
Asiatic ports. Already ar- 
r a n g e m e n t s 
are being made 
forleading 
steamship lines 
of the world to 
call here. 



T w e n t y - 
Cwe - liundred 
manufacturing 
establish- 
ments in Los 
Angeles last 
year turned 
o u t products 
to the value of 
eighty-five mil- 
lion dollars. 



The street 




Westlake Park 



railway system of Los Angeles is very complete. There is probably 
no city of the size in the United States that has such a modern and 
well-equipped system, the total mileage of single 
track being over 350 miles, all electric. The 
suburban electric railroads radiating from Los 
Angeles aggregate 900 miles of single track. 
They are almost all double track. Some 
have four tracks. 

The value of the building permits is- 
sued in Los Angeles during the year 1912 
amounted to $31,366,357. 

There are twenty-two public parks 
within the city limits, aggregating 
over 3780 acres, of which six are 
of considerable size. Westlake Park, 
thirty-five acres in area, at the 
end of the Seventh street car 
line, is one of the most popular 
open-air resorts. East- 
lake Park, in East Los 
Angeles, covers fifty 
acres, and has been made 
quite attractive. Here also 
is a lake, the park nur- 
series and a menagerie. 
The oldest and best im- 
proved of the city parks, 
on Sixth Street, not far 
from the business center, 
is known as Central Park. 
Hollenbeck Park is a tract 
of about twenty acres on 
the east side of the river, 
on Boyle Heights. Echo 
Park, a beautifully im- 
proved tract in the north- 
n Street, Looking South western part of the city, 






Alfalfa Field 



contains th 
500 acres i 



largest body of water 
area, is a remnant of 




Spring Street, Looking South 



in Los Angeles. Elysian Park, 
the thousands of acres of such 
land which the city formerly owned. 
The views of mountain, valley and 
ocean, city and plain, are grand in the 
extreme. Griffith Park, a tract of 3,000 
acres, donated to Los Angeles, is lo- 
cated in the north end of the city, and 
embraces a varied assortment of moun- 
tain, foothill and valley scenery. Ex- 
position Park, containing 110 acres, 
twenty minutes' ride on any one of three 
car lines from the business center of 
the city is undergoing extensive changes 
and improvements. 
There is a fire- 
proof museum build- 
ing and armory 
and a large exposi- 
tion building with 
auxiliaries will be 
finished at once. 

Los Angeles has 
seven regular public 
playgrounds, and 
nine vacation o r 
s u m m e r centers. 
The public librarj' 
maintains a branch 
at three of the regu- 
lar p 1 a y g r on nd s, 
During the winter 
months a series of 
free lectures and 
entertainments are 
given. 

After all is said, 
the chief attraction 
of Los Angeles to 




Harvesting Scene 



new arrivals lies in 
grounds surroundin 




iJiilll 



ts beautiful homes. The rare beauty of the 

o the attractive homes of Los Angeles is a 

constant theme of admiration on the part of Eastern 
visitors. The mildness of the climate permits the 
most delicate plants and trees to flourish in the open 
air all through the winter. A majority of 
idences stand in spacious grounds, a 
lot of 50x150 feet being the smallest 
occupied by a house of any preten- 
sion. The usual material for resi- 
dences in Southern California is 
wood — pine and redwood, the latter 
being used altogether for outside and 
largely for inside 
finish. A great 
\ariety of architec- 
ture is found 
among the 
residences of 
Los Angeles. 
The bungalow 
style is very 
popular and 
for more pre- 
tentious resi- 
dences the 
Mission. 



One of the 
most attractive 
features about 
a home in this 
section is the 
wonderful ra- 
pidity with 
which vegeta- 
t i o n of all 




Broadway, Looking South 



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Section of Oil District 

kinds grows, so that, instead of having to wait years for a new 
residence to assume a settled and homelike appearance, the owner 
has to wait only a few months until his house is surrounded with 
thrifty plants and climbing vines. 

, The population of Los Angeles is cosmopolitan. During the 
past twenty-five years it has received accessions to its population 
from every state in the Union, and from almost every country in 
the world. 

The Los Angeles Harbor at San 
Pedro, now a part of the city of Los 
Angeles is abso- 
lutely safe for the 
largest sea-going ves- 
sels and can be enter- 
ed safely in any kind 
of weather, and is the 
logical harbor for the 
trade of the Orient, 
when the Pana- 
ma canal shall 
li a V e been 
completed. 
The city of Los 
Angeles has 
promised to 
spend $10,- 
000,000 in the 
next ten years 
on the further 
improve mcnt 
of this great 





Side of Broadway, North from Sixth 



harbor and to date has voted $5,500,000 for a beginning. Los Angeles 
County is now spending $3,500,000 for a permanent system of good 
roads. 

On a winter's day the Los Angeles man may breakfast by the 
sea shore, after a dip in the ocean, lunch amid the orange groves 
and dine in the snow fields of the Sierra. There is a climate here 
to suit everyone. There is no winter and summer in Los Angeles. 
They are represented by a wet and dry season. The former is far 
from a steady downpour, as some suppose. The rainy season is 

the pleasantest time of the 
year. The average rainfall 
is seventeen inches. This 
is an "all-the-year-round cli- 
mate," pleasing in summer 
as well as in winter. There 
is no depressing heat, no in- 
sect pests. It is not 
an enervating cli- 
mate, but bracing 
and full of electric- 
ity; a climate that 




East Side of Broadway, Soutli f 




Point Fe: 



makes the sick well and the strong mo 
cool, blankets being always needed, 
thirty-three years the thermometer 




vigorous. The nights are 
The records show that during 
went down to thirty-two de- 
grees, or below, only twenty- 
seven times. The lowest tem- 
perature observed at the station 
was twentj'-eight de- 
grees above zero, or four 
degrees below freezing, 
which happened in Feb- 
ruary, 18 8 3. During 
the same period above 
referred to the records 
of the United States 
Weather Bureau in 
Los Angeles showed 
that the n u m b e r of 
days during 
the past thir- 
ty-five years 
on which the 
" temperature 

} r o s e t o one 

hundred de- 
g r e e s or 

a b o v e, was 
thirty -four, 
that is to say. 
only about 
once a year on 
an average. 
Cyclones a n d 
tornadoes are 
u n k n o w n in 
Los Angeles. 
Thunder 
storms are oc- 
c a s i o n a 1 1 y 




Irrigating Oranges 



seen in the mountains, at a distance of from fifteen to fifty miles, 
but very rarely visit the plains. 

Los Angeles is now a seaport. By annexation, San Pedro and 
Wilmington are within the city limits. The expenditure of $3,000,000 
by the Federal government on the breakwater, and the dredging of 
the inner channels still under way, gives this city one of the finest 
harbors in the world. Ocean going vessels of the deepest draft will 
soon be able to come to the wharves, enabling Los Angeles to com- 
pete for its share of the growing trans-Pacific trade. The possible 
l: water frontage at the harbor is about 22 miles, causing it to rank high 




Lobby 




more liberally or completely for their training and education. The 
state ranks third in the number of pupils in high school. In the 
Polytechnic High School, Los Angeles has an institution second to 
none of its kind, housed in magnificent white granite and marble 
buildings that occupy a block at the head of Hope Street, on Wash- 
ington. The private schools of Los Angeles are many and varied. 
There are several large business colleges and many schools that teach 
singing, music, drawing, elocution, etc., exclusively; also military 
academies for boys and collegiate schools for girls. Los Angeles 
leads the cities of the Coast in educational facilities. 

The Los Angeles County coast line contains a varied succession 
of scenery. In addition it has this great advantage, that the beauties 
of the beach and ocean may be enjoyed to perfection every month 
in the year. Even at midwinter, when the beaches on the Atlantic 
Coast are deserted, numerous visitors may be seen at the Los Angeles 




A Modest Home 




County resorts on a Sunday or holiday, enjoying a dip in the surf, 
or gathering ocean treasures. Not only is the winter climate beyond 
all comparison with that of the eastern coast at the same time of 
year, but the summer is also far more pleasant. On the coast line 
there is never an oppressively warm day. 

The leading seaside resorts of Los Angeles are Santa Monica, 
Ocean Park, Venice, Redondo Beach, Long Beach, Terminal Island 
and Catalina Island. Santa Monica, which is reached in less than an 
hour by two electric roads, is a well improved, progressive seaside 
city, with beautiful homes, fine beach and many attractions for sum- 
mer visitors. Ocean Park, adjoining Santa Monica on the south, is 
built up with neat cottages for a couple of miles along the beach, 
with a cement walk four miles long and thirty feet wide. Still farther 
south, Venice, reached in about thirty minutes from Los Angeles, is 
a most unique and attractive resort. Redondo has a large hotel, a 
wharf from which fishing may be had, a swimming bath, and a pebble 
beach. North of Redondo are the new resorts of Hermosa and Man- 
hattan, with a fine beach. San Pedro, now a part of the city of Los 
Angeles, is more of a shipping port than a seaside resort. The view 
from the high bluffs is very fine. 




\rtistic Bungalows 








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Gardens 



Point Fermin lighthouse is about three miles from town. Across 
the bay from San Pedro is Terminal Island, a narrow spit of land 
where many Los Angeles people have built seaside homes. This 
place has the advantage of the ocean on one side and the still water 
of the bay on the other. Long Beach, a few miles east of San Pedro, 
reached by steam and electric railroad, is a thriving town of 35,000 
people, with one of the finest stretches of hard, level beach on the 
coast, a pleasure wharf 1600 feet in length, with an auditorium at the 
outer end, seating 4,000 people. During the past few years the growth 
has been very rapid, and a protected harbor has been dredged within 
the city limits. Alamitos Bay, adjoining Long Beach, has a high, 
breezy location on a blufif. 

Santa Catalina is a pic- 
turesque, mountainous island, 
about thirty miles in length 
and twenty-five miles from 
the mainland. The water 
here is remarkably 
calm and clear, so 
that m a r i n e 
rowths may 





vate Residence 



be seen at a depth of 50 feet or more. There is fine still-water bath- 
ing, big fish in great quantity, which attract amateur fishermen from 
all over the world, stage riding, goat 
hunting and other attractions. Hotels 
and cottages, together with a "tent 
city," furnish accommodations to vis- 
itors, and a fine band plays 
during the summer season. 
The island is con- 
ducted as an "up-to- 
date" winter as well 
as summer resort, 
steamships making 
daily trips from San 
Pedro. Thousands of 
people from Southern 
California, Ari- 
. zona and more 
distant points 
visit Catalina 
each year, 
many of them 
"camping out" 
for several 
months in the 
"Canvas City." 

The Sierra 
M a d r e , or 
Mother Range, 
the foothills of 
which are 
nbout ten miles 
from Los An- 
geles city, is a 
most pictur- 
esque and i n - 
Flower-Bedecked Residence 





teresting range of mountains, which no tourist should fail to visit. 
Along this range are a number of interesting canyons. The two 
most popular peaks in the Sierra Madre are Mount Wilson and Mount 
Lowe. The former is reached by a comfortable trail, either on foot 
or on horseback. Near the summit is a picturesque camp, where 
good accommodations are furnished to visitors. The crest of the 
mountain is a park-like tract, shaded by giant pines, from which the 
visitor looks across a tremendous gorge into the heart of the range. 
Here is a world-renowned astronomical observatory with a large tele- 
scope. Mount Lowe is reached by cable and electric cars, the whole 
forming an interesting and ingenius system of mountain railway, 
which extends to Alpine Tavern, at a height of about 5,000 feet. Half 




Suburban Road 




way up is Echo Mountain, where there is a small observatory. 
In the line of amusements, Los Angeles is well favored. There 
are many handsome and capacious theaters. The Auditorium Build- 
ing is the largest reinforced concrete structure of its kind in the 
world, and absolutely hre-proof. It contains three separate audi- 
toriums, the largest of which has a seating capacity of 4,000, and con- 
tains one of the largest and finest modern pipe-organs in the world. 
The acoustic properties are almost perfect. 

Los Angeles attracts the best dramatic and musical talent that 
visits the West. There are frequent concerts, lectures, fairs, fruit 
and flower shows. All outdoor recreations can be enjoyed at any 
season of the year. There are good athletic and country clubs. A 
fiesta and fiower carnival — "La Fiesta de Los An- 
geles" — lastnig several dajs, has been held for 
ten >eari in the spiing. Pa^iadcna has an an- 
nual carnnal on New Year's Day, 
known a> tlu '"Toui nanient of Roses," 




Sunken Gardens 




when may be seen a floral parade and battle of flowers, participated in 
by citizens in vehicles of every description from a dog-cart to a 
six-horse coach, all smothered in fragrant blossoms. 

Another attraction is the Mission Play, which to California is the 
same as the Passion Play to Oberammergau. The play is a pageant- 
drama in three acts depicting the fascinating story of the early Mis- 
sion days; the building of the Missions; the Christianization of the 
Indians; the Missions in their zenith; the Missions in ruins; Indian 
and Spanish songs and dances, showing more early history of Cali- 
fornia than you could see in a year of travel. This play is run from 
December to July, every afternoon and evening, in its own play- 
house at the Mission, San Gabriel, six miles from Los Angeles. 

The openings for manufacturing enterprises in Los Angeles are 
many and varied. Not only do local manufacturers enjoy the advan- 
tage of cheap fuel, but they are also protected by the high rates of 
transportation on manufactured goods from the East. Then, again, 
the mild climate of this section facilitates manufacturing enterprises, 
rendering solid and expensive buildings unnecessary. Also, labor 
troubles are here comparatively unknown. 

The market for the Los Angeles manufacturers is a large one 




The First Baptism in California, Mission Play, San Gabriel 




Surf Bathing 

and is constantly being extended. Our merchants ship their manu- 
factured products as far as Fresno, Cal., on the north, and eastward 
as far as New Mexico, also to the west coast of Mexico, and to 
southern Nevada. Of late our manufacturers have been extending 
their field of operations and are now spreading out over the whole 
Pacific Coast. By way of the Salt Lake Railroad, a large and im- 
portant new field is opened up in Southern Utah and Nevada. 

There is a bureau of the Chamber of Commerce for the purpose 
of bringing capital and opportunities together. Inquiries addressed 
to the Chamber will receive prompt attention. 

Los Angeles is the center of a number of rich mineral fields in 
Southern California. The chief products, exclusive of petroleum and 
asphaltum, are gold and borax. There are also produced silver, clay, 
gypsum, granite, cement, lime and other mineral substances. 

This city is the natural headquarters, not only for the mining 
fields of Southern California, but also for the vast mining sections 
of Lower California, Sonora and Arizona, also of the immensely rich 
territory in Southern Utah and Nevada, which has been opened up 




■^ — y 

Los Angeles Famous Beach Resort 




Cawstoii Ostrich Farm 

to the world by the construction of the San Pedro, Los Angeles and 
Salt Lake Railroad. The manufacturing of mining machinery and 
supplies gives emplojMiient to a large number of people. For some 
time past there has been talk about the construction of a custom 
smelter in this neighborhood. 

One of the most remarkable features of development 
in Los Angeles County and Southern California during 
the past few years has been the greatly increased production of pe- 
troleum. For more than thirty years petroleum has been produced 
on a limited scale in Los Angeles and Ventura counties, but it is 
only within the past few years that the industry has assumed great 
importance. Today the petroleum industry of Southern California 
is attracting the attention of capitalists throughout the country. The 
oil produced in California differs from that of the Eastern states, 
being a heavier grade, with an asphaltum base, and it is used almost 
exclusively for fuel. A careful test made with a locomotive showed 




Hollywood Hotel 




Santa Catalina Island 



that oil at $1.00 a barrel is equivalent to coal at less than $4.00 a ton. 
The Standard Oil Company has erected one of the largest refineries 
in the world at Segundo, near Los Angeles. 

Southern California, of which Los Angeles is the metropolis, has 
justly been termed the "Artist's Paradise." This applies to artists 
of every kind. The architect finds here conditions such as his fancy 
might have pictured as necessary to the full expansion of his talent, 
but hardly hoped to see. Owing to favorable climatic conditions, 
embellishments of great delicacy and color schemes and forms of 
structure impossible in more rigorous climates are here altogether 
practicable. Marine painters find here within easy reach a dozen 
beaches, with all the life and action of the seaside resort. In the 
winter and early spring from the whole coast of Southern California 
may be seen the extraordinary combination of green wooded foot- 
hills, surmounted by 





Chrysanthemums 



Great interest in music prevails in Los Angeles. There are several 
phases of musical culture in the Los Angeles schools. One of them is 
the establishment of school orchestras. There are now thirty of them. 
They play marches for the lines of children passing in and out of the 
buildings and they venture into other realms of music for school 
entertainments and their own pleasure. A leading factor in the musi- 
cal education of Los Angeles is the Music Teachers' Association Sun- 
day concerts. There are a number of other flourishing musical organ- 
izations and nearly 500 music teachers in Los Angeles. 

As might be expected in this section, where the sun shines over 
three hundred days in the year, the country club idea is exceedingly 
popular. There are 
a number of these 
clubs scattered 
h r o u g h Southern 
California. The build- 
ings are not so pre- 
tentious as many of 
those found in the 
East, but they are 
comfortable and 
home-like, and the 
golf links and tennis 





almost daily use, summer and winter. There are half 
a dozen or more of these country club houses within easy reach of 
Los Angeles. The largest of these is the Los Angeles Country 
Club with a membership of over seven hundred. It is located a few 
miles west of town, where it has capacious grounds. The Pasadena 
Country Club, the San Gabriel Valley Country Club and the Annan- 
dale Golf Club are all within a few miles of the business center of 
Los Angeles on the suburban electric lines. 

One of the most stupendous enterprises ever undertaken by an 
American municipality has been in progress for six years near Los 
Angeles and is 

nearly completed. '•'^^^^ 

It is the bringing ^ — -t^^\< 

of a supplement- 
ary water supply 
to the city a dis- 
tance of nearly 

250miles from the H g^^ ffiBI'l^HlH El ■ ^^r- 

snow clad slopes 
of Mt. Whitney, ^-«rt;: w^ '^•' le— ^am- rr- 





....i.i^MJiiiijJiai 



the highest moun- 
tain in the United 
States. 

This aqueduct 
will be the longest 
in the world. From 
reservoirs in the 
San Fernando val- 
ley the water will 
be delivered into 
the present distri- 
bution system by 



High Schools in the City of Los Angeles 




two or more pipe 
the Owens River 
The water will 
miles of siphon, 
40 miles of open 



lines. The capacity of the intake in 
Valley is 258,000,000 gallons per day. 
flow through 47^/2 miles of tunnel, 14 
103 miles of lined and covered conduit, 
lined conduit, and 21 miles of open 
unlined canal. The total cost 
of the work will be about 
$25,000,000. 

Much preparatory work 
had to be done, including the 
construction of 225 miles of 
mountain roads and trails, 
many cut in solid rock, the 
building of three water work 
systems, a telephone system 
350 miles long, and many 




Some of our Los Angeles City Cliurches 




structures. In addition, the city caused to be built the Nevada and 
California Railroad, a broad-gauge system from Alojave to Owenyo, a 
distance of 142 miles, across the Mojave Desert. The city also built 
three hydro-electric power plants to generate power, and for the light- 
ing of camps and tunnels. A cement mill was built at a cost of over, 
$750,000. The mill has an output of 1250 barrels of cement daily. 

It is estimated that 
the surplus waters of the 
aqueduct will be sufficient 
for the irrigation of 135,- 
000 acres of dry land con- 
tiguous to the city. 

The generation of 
power from a fall of 1500 
feet in the aqueduct has 
been provided for by a 
bond issue of $3,500,000. 
The total power possibili- 
ties approximate 120,000 
horse power, the major 
portion of which can be 










Office Buildings and Hotels 




developed within 47 miles of the city. It is expected that the aqueduct 
will be in full operation by July 1, 1913. 

There is probably no important city in the United States where 
most of the necessaries of life are more reasonable than in Los An- 
geles. Following are normal retail prices for an average year: 

Pears, 2% to IVi cents per pound; peaches, 4 to 6 cents; apples, 4 
to 6 cents; fresh figs, 4 to 10 cents; watermelons, 5 to 30 cents each; 
lemons, 5 to 15 cents per dozen; oranges, 10 to 40 cents per dozen; 
strawberries, 5 to 10 cents. 

Potatoes, $1.25 to $1.75 per hundred pounds; string beans, 2 to 5 
cents; sugar peas, 3 to 6 cents; tomatoes, 2 to 5 cents; celery, 5 to 10 
cents per bunch; cucumbers, 10 cents per dozen; egg plant, 3 to 7 
cents each; carrots and turnips, 1 to 2 cents per pound. 

Meat: Round steak, YlVi to 15 cents per pound; sirloin, 18 to 20 





Open Ditch of the Los Angeles Aqueduct 

cents; leg of mutton, 15 to 18 cents; chops, 18 to 20 cents; lamb, 15 to 
25 cents; veal, 20 to 22 cents; roast pork, 20 cents; fish, 10 cents per 
pound for all ordinary varieties. 

Butter, 25 to 45 cents per pound; eggs, 20 to 50 cents per dozen; 
milk, 8 to 10 cents per quart; turkeys, 30 cents per pound; rabbits, 
25 cents apiece; California hens, 22 to 30 cents per pound. Groceries 
are reasonable in price. Coal oil sells from 75 to $1.50 per five gallon 
can; flour at $1.25 to $1.65 per fifty-pound sack. 

Fuel: Eucalyptus, oak or mesquite are worth in ordinary seasons 
from $8 to $10 per cord, and coal from $10 to $12 per ton. Gas is 
largely used for fuel; also kerosene and gasoline, and a distillate 
made from Los Angeles crude petroleum. Owing to the mildness of 
the climate, fuel bills are light here. 

Lumber averages from $23 to $25 per thousand for rough pine; 
$35 to 40 for rough redwood; $40 to $60 for clear surfaced redwood. 




View Los Angeles Harbor 




Sierra Madre Mountains 



Three to five-room cottages in the industrial district, with bath, 
can be obtained at from $12 to $20 per month. Five and six-room 
cottages, comfortable but not modern, with bath and electric lights, 
fairly well located, within thirty minutes of the business center, from 
$18 to $22 per month. Five and six-room modern cottages and bunga- 
lows, in good neighborhood, convenient to schools, car lines, etc., 
with modern conveniences, from $25 to $35 per month. Seven or 
eight-room houses, not modern, but in good condition, with bath and 
electric lights, $25 to $35 per month. Five and six-room flats, usually 
in buildings of four or more flats to the building, accessible to car 
line and within twenty minutes of the business center, fairly modern, 
from $18 to $25 per month. Modern flats and apartments, with all 
modern conveniences, from five to seven rooms, well located, $30 to 
$45 per month. 

The overland roads that reacli Los Angeles in their own equip- 
ment is the Southern Pacific; Santa Fe; San Pedro, Los Angeles and 
Salt Lake and the Rock Island Lines. Applications at anj^ of these 
offices for rates and transportation facilities to California will be 
given courteous and prompt attention. 




Glorious Svuisct on the Pacific 



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For further information address 
Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce 



Hfckman 

BINDERY, INC 
Bound-To-PleaK' 

JAN 00 

N. MANCHESTER. INDIANA 46962