Skip to main content

Full text of "Louisiana Conservationist"

See other formats





Governor of Louisiana 


Published Monthly except May, June, July and August when 

Bi-Monthly in the interest of conservation by Louisiana 

Wild Life and Fisheries Commission 

126 Civil Courts Building, New Orleans, La. 



Vol. 6 

JANUARY, 1954 


A. C. GLASSELL, Shreveport Chairman 

J. J. BESSON, Baton Rouge Vice-Chairman 


0. A. LAHAYE, Eunice 


J. W. DOXEY, Cameron 

A. J. BUQUET, Houma 

L. D. YOUNG, Jr. 





Chief, Division of Education and Publicity 


Chief, Fur and Refuge Division 


Chief, Division of Oysters and Water Bottoms 


Chief, Division of Fish and Game 


Chief, Division of Research and Statistics 


Chief, Division of Enforcement 


Chief, Commercial Seafood Division 

class mail matter August 21, 1947, at the Post Offic 
Orleans, La., under the act of August 24, 1912. 
>er. Southwestern Association of Industrial Editors 

Permission for publication of all material in this issue is granted, 
except where specifically prohibited, provided that credit is given 
and we receive marked copies. Contributions and photographs are 
welcomed, but the CONSERVATIONIST cannot be responsible for 
loss or damage to unsolicited material. Manuscripts should be 
addressed to Editor, Louisiana Conservationist, 126 Civil Courts 
Bldg., New Orleans 16. La. 



DIVISION by Frank Coogan.... 2 



COON ON A LOG by Herman G. 

Englehardt and J. B. Le Ray 6 





DEER 'N DOGS by John Blanchard 14 


SETUP by George Moore 16 


WARDEN by Robert H. Wilcox 18 


Message from the Director 1 

Action of the Commission 20 

Speak Your Piece 21 

With the Federation 22 

Book Review 24 

Bayou Browsing Inside Back Cover 


Great Horned Owl. 


L. D. Young, Jr. 


I Wild Life and Fisheries Commission 

Photo by Gresham 


The hunting season is only half over, and yet the weeks 
which should have been joyful ones have turned to sorrow 
for the friends and relatives of at least a dozen Louisiana 
hunters. Five fatalities from gunshot wounds have already 
been reported to the CONSERVATIONIST, and more than 
that number of non-fatal accidents. Let us once again in- 
spect our own gun-handling habits. That time-worn cliche 
usually applied to safe driving, "the life you save may be 
your own," can be applied with equal force to gun accidents. 
A firearm per se is no more dangerous a weapon than is 
an automobile. People make them so! The Sporting Arms 
& Ammunition Manufacturers Institute has distributed hun- 
dreds of thousands of copies of their "Ten Commandments 
for Hunters." Take time to read these ten listed below — 
even though you've read them before. See how you measure 
up on each one. 

1. Treat every gun with the respect due a loaded gun. 
This is the cardinal rule of gun safety. 

2. Carry only empty guns, taken down or with the action 
open, into your automobile, camp, and home. 

3. Always be sure that the barrel and action are clear 
of obstructions. 

4. Always carry your gun so that you can control the 
direction of the muzzle, even if you stumble. 

5. Be sure of your target before you pull the trigger. 

6. Never point a gun at anything you do not want to shoot. 

7. Never leave your gun unattended unless you unload it 

8. Never climb a tree or fence with a loaded gun. 

9. Never shoot at a flat, hard surface or the surface of 

10. Do not mix gunpowder and alcohol. 

'Kttoui tyoun, TiJild ^dc^e and ?i&6enie& (faptmiteicM 



by Frank Coogan, Chief 

With this issue we begin a series of 
articles designed to acquaint you with 
the purpose and organization of the 
divisions of the Louisiana Wild Life 
and Fisheries Commission. Presented 
here is the first one, on the Research 
and Statistics Division. 

The activities of the Division of Research 
and Statistics have been confined almost 
exclusively to the abatement of stream 
pollution in the State of Louisiana. Division 
personnel enforce the Stream Control Com- 
mission rules and orders as provided by 

In order to make clear the steps taken 
by these members of the Wild Life and 
Fisheries Commission to promote the abate- 
ment of stream pollution, the various ad- 
ministrative means by which these steps 
can be augmented are set forth below. 

The first set of personnel involved in 
pollution abatement in Louisiana are waste 
disposal inspectors, employees of the Wild 
Life and Fisheries Commission. These 
waste disposal inspectors are semi-profes- 
sional in classification and are capable of 
performing various chemical tests in the 
field as well as in the laboratory in Baton 
Rouge. The duties of these agents or in- 
spectors are varied and consist of continued 
inspection of the sources of industrial 
wastes in the areas to which the inspectors 
are assigned and the continuous checking 
of the effects of discharge of industrial 
wastes on the receiving water bodies. 

In cases where the discharge of an in- 
dustrial waste is a clear violation of the 
laws of the State of Louisiana in general 
or laws having to do with the Stream Con- 
trol Commission in particular, the waste 
disposal inspector files charges alleging the 
violation of the act or acts in the district 
court having jurisdiction and continues to 
press the charges until such time as the 
case is brought before the court. In in- 
stances where the cases are somewhat com- 
plicated by the necessity of having profes- 
sional opinions rendered by engineers or 
biologists, the waste disposal inspector con- 
cerned makes as many tests as he possibly 
can on the receiving water body, takes an 

adequate sample of the waste or wastes 
being discharged into the water body for 
forwarding to Baton Rouge, and calls in 
to the Main Office at Baton Rouge for the 
technical personnel capable of arriving at 
the proper conclusions regarding the effects 
of the discharge of the waste involved in 
the case. 

The second set of personnel involved in 
pollution abatement in the State of Loui- 
siana are technical personnel employed by 
the Wild Life and Fisheries Commission. 
These personnel, engineers and biologists, 
are located at the main laboratory in Baton 
Rouge and are under the administrative 
control of the Research and Statistics Divi- 
sion chief. The work carried on by the 
scientists and engineers are work assign- 
ments made by the Stream Control Com- 
mission and agreed to by the Wild Life and 
Fisheries Commission. In the ordinary 
course of events these technicians are not 
concerned with routine day-by-day enforce- 
ment of the anti-pollution laws. However, 
in cases where the Stream Control Com- 
mission rules or orders are violated, it 
sometimes becomes necessary for these 
technicians to make necessary observations 
so that the establishment of the violations 
of these orders might satisfactorily be 
proved in the court of law. In several in- 
stances this has been done; there is one 
such case now pending in a district court 
involving a kraft paper mill. 

The third departmental group involved 
in pollution abatement is the coastal waste 
control inspectors and boat captains em- 
ployed by the Wild Life and Fisheries Com- 
mission and under the jurisdiction of the 
Chief of the Division of Oysters and Water 
Bottoms. These coastal waste control in- 
spectors and boat captains confine their 
efforts to observations of the methods of 
discharge of wastes from the coastal oil 
fields located in southeast Louisiana, 
stretching from Terrebonne Bay east to 
the Mississippi line. 

These men make periodic inspections of 
the various coastal oil fields and check for 
violations of the Stream Control Commis- 
sion's "Rules Governing the Disposal of 
Oil Field Wastes". When violations of 

Frank Coogan has been with the depart- 
ment since 1939 and has been chief of the 
Research and Statistics Division since 1946. 

these rules and regulations are observed, 
the coastal waste control inspector makes a 
report in triplicate. One copy is left with 
the field foreman, one copy is kept on file 
in the office of the Division of Oysters and 
Water Bottoms in New Orleans, and one 
copy is sent to the office of the Stream 
Control Commission in Baton Rouge. 

From time to time the chief of the 
Division of Oysters and Water Bottoms 
writes to the Stream Control Commission 
inclosing a list of certain oil field operators 
who are violating the rules with a state- 
ment that continued efforts on the part of 
the coastal waste control inspector have not 
brought about the remedying of the condi- 
tions complained of, and at this time, the 
Stream Control Commission can order 
notices to be sent to the oil companies in- 
volved, stating the violations of the Com- 
mission's rules and asking what steps will 
be taken to remedy these violations. When 
the answers received are not to the satis- 
faction of the coastal waste control in- 
spector and the Stream Control Commis- 
sion, a "Cease and Desist" order can be 

Another phase of waste control is being 
carried on in the laboratories of the Wild 
Life and Fisheries Commission in Baton 

Rouge. This is the investigation into the 
physical and chemical characteristics of the 
various types of industrial wastes that are 
being discharged into waters of the state. 
These investigations are carried on by the 
biologists and chemists who were men- 
tioned before as being employed by the 
Wild Life and Fisheries Commission and 
stationed in the Baton Rouge area. These 
technical investigations into waste char- 
acteristics have been almost exclusively 
confined to effluents coming from factories 
and industrial establishments located in 
southwest Louisiana. To complement the 
laboratory work, there has been made a 
complete biological investigation into the 
Calcasieu River drainage system, into which 
the majority of these wastes flow. In this 
drainage area there are located two large 
oil refineries, a number of heavy chemical 
plants, three pine products plants, several 
domestic sewerage disposal systems, and a 
large number of oil fields. The investiga- 
tion of the river has been completed as far 
down as the city of Lake Charles itself and 
will be continued down to the mouth of the 
river at Cameron. 

Another scientific investigation by tech- 
nical personnel now being carried on is to 
ascertain the effects of the discharge of 
oil field brine on the Little River drainage 
system in the central part of the state. 
This area is a highly developed recreational 
area, and the purpose of the investigation is 
to ascertain the effect of the discharge of 
oil field brine on the aquatic fauna of the 
receiving stream. 

I think that a few comments on the 
budget of the Division of Research and 
Statistics of the Wild Life and Fisheries 
Commission is called for at this time. The 
money made available to the division from 
the State Treasury through the director of 
the Wild Life and Fisheries Commission is 
not adequate to hire all scientific personnel 
presently needed. By this I mean that the 
supply of engineers is extremely limited, 
and while such personnel could be used 

Many people do not realize that vast sums are already being spent in Louisiana on 
pollution control. This Wham Brake impoundment, built by the International Paper Co. 
near Monroe solely for waste disposal, cost $700,000 to construct. As lagniappe the 7(/ 2 
square miles under levee has created excellent duck shooting. 

here in the state they can not be hired 
because of high starting salaries set by 
industry. In fact the personnel now work- 
ing for the Department of Wild Life and 
Fisheries have been reduced in number by 
the departure of one engineer in 1950 and 
of another engineer in 1951. 

The supply of competent aquatic biolo- 
gists is equally limited because the training 
of such biologists is carried on in just a few 
places in the United States, and men gradu- 
ating from such institutions where such 
courses are given are in great demand. 

The funds that have been allotted to the 
division for the purchasing of field equip- 
ment are adequate. 

In closing my comments on the financial 
situation and the budget, I might say that 
for several years we have benefited greatly 
by receiving about $16,000 a year from 
the Congress of the United States through 
the United States Public Health Service. 
Fortunately enough, when the allocation 
of these funds was discontinued the 
State Legislature of Louisiana saw fit to 
replace these funds, and we have been able 
to continue in part at least our enlarged 

Leslie Sewell and George Tregre, Waste Control Inspectors, working in the laboratory 
at the Baton Rouge office. 

— Photo by Googan 

The man behind the startled look is 
aquatic biologist Kenneth E. Biglane. 

— Photo by Coogan 

For a list of Research and 

Statistics Division Personnel 

Please Turn Page 




Chief: Frank J. Coogan, Baton Rouge 
Biologists: Kenneth E. Biglane & Ro- 
bert Lafleur, Baton Rouge 
Chemist: Mrs. M. T. Losavio, Baton 

Waste Control Inspectors: 
George Tregre, Port Allen 
Leslie Sewell, New Orleans 
Ambrose DeLaunay, Lake Charles 
W. B. Bowers, Pineville 
Edward Regan, Crowley 
Engineer: Darrell Reed, Pineville 
Secretary: Helen Harrell, Baton 

The End 



FISHING— No closed season. CAUTION— 
YOUR 1953 fishing license expired at 
midnight on December 31. Get your 
1954 license now. 

SQUIRRELS: Closes January 10. Limits: 
10 per day; 20 in possession. 

RABBITS: Closes February 15. Limits: 
5 per day; 10 in possession. 

DUCKS: Closes January 10. Limits: 5 
per day; 8 in possession, including 
not more than one wood duck. 

GEESE: Closes January 10. Limits: 5 per 
day or in possession, but including not 
more than two Canadas or White- 
fronted (speckle-belly) geese. 

QUAIL: Closes February 10. Limits: 10 
per day; 20 in possession; 80 for 

DEER: See November issue. No parishes 
open after January 1. 

DOVES: Closes January 10. Limits: 8 per 
day or in possession. 

WOODCOCK: Closes January 20. Limits: 
4 per day; 8 in possession. 

SNIPE: Closes January 5. Limits: 8 per 
day or in possession. 

COOTS: Closes January 10. Limits: 10 
per day or in possession. 

BEAR: Closed. 


All fishermen are reminded that 
their 1953 fishing licenses expired 
at midnight on December 31. The 
1954 licenses are now on sale at 
most sporting goods stores and at 
all sheriff's offices. Why not get 
your license now instead of waiting 
until you're in the rush of planning 
a fishing trip! 

Outdoor Writers Reorganize 

On December 6, 7, and 8 the Louisiana Outdoor Writers' 
Association held a re-organizational meeting at the Pass- 
a-Loutre Public Shooting Grounds at the mouth of the 
Mississippi River. This meeting, sponsored by the Education 
and Publicity Division of the Louisiana Wild Life and Fish- 
eries Commission, should mark the end of a period of in- 
activity for the LOWA. Retiring president Arthur Van Pelt 
handed over the gavel for the coming year to Mr. Charley 
Nutter, Managing Director of the International House, 
New Orleans. Elected to 1st vice-president was Hurley 
Campbell, photographer for the State Department of Edu- 
cation, Baton Rouge. The post of secretary-treasurer was 
filled by the election of Mr. W. McFadden Duffy, also of 
New Orleans. Mr. Adras Laborde, Alexandria, was elected 
2nd vice-president. The 1954 board of directors will consist 
of Mr. George Hebert, Lake Charles; Mr. Forest Hedges, 
Natchitoches; and Mr. Arthur Van Pelt, New Orleans. 

Most sections of Louisiana were represented at this get- 
together, including workers from the fields of radio, news- 
paper, television, photography, and free-lance writing. 
Division chiefs of the Louisiana Wild Life and Fisheries 
Commission were on hand to explain to the assembled 
group the workings and program of their respective divi- 
sions, and to answer any questions which arose. We pre- 
dict that this will result in a much better understanding 
and a closer working relationship between the state wildlife 
agency and the men who disseminate most of the out- 
door news. 

The group enjoyed two days of very good duck shoot- 
ing, but did very little damage to the many thousands of 
geese out on the mudflats. A follow-up meeting of the 
LOWA will be scheduled early in 1954, and about forty 
persons from all over Louisiana have indicated their intent 
to participate. Most will affiliate with the national organi- 
zation of outdoor writers, the Outdoor Writers' Associa- 
tion of America. 

Officers who will preside over the L.O.W.A. for 1954 are left to right: W. McFadden 
Duffy, Public Relations Director of the International House; Charley Nutter, Managing 
Director of the International House, and Hurley Campbell, photographic chief of the State 
Department of Education. 

John Blanchard presides over the meeting at which Commission division chiefs pre- 
sented their program to the assembled writers, photographers, and radio men. 

•^ nm |_- 

One thing Hurley Campbell brought back 
from the trip was this beautiful photo of a 
bull sprig over the decoys. 

— Photo by Campbell 

Gwen Kirtley Perkins, whose stories have 
often graced the pages of the CONSERVA- 
TIONIST, holds a limit of mallards while her 
Labrador looks bored. 

— Photo by Gresham 

Most of the writers were able to kill 
their limit of ducks, but found geese on 
the mudflats almost too elusive. 

*£§** "^^ 

^-afti^* -i*. 

btl B '"' V 

ch« rd 





Herman G. Engelhardt and J. B. LeRay 

Labor Day, 1953, was a day to be remem- 
bered by over a thousand sportsmen and 
spectators from around Baton Rouge. Be- 
ing the contest-minded citizens they are, 
they saw one they're not likely to forget 
for a long time to come — a "Coon on a 
Log Contest." 

The contest was jointly sponsored by 
the Louisiana Coon Hunters' Association 
and the East Baton Rouge Parish Lions' 
Club and was the second such contest this 
year in this vicinity. It is planned that this 
be a permanent annual event in the future. 

Basically, the idea was to have a dog 
swim a short distance into a lake and at- 
tempt to unseat Mr. Coon from his perch 
en a log staked out in the water. If the dog- 
performed this feat within the space of one 
minute, he won a ribbon. A first, second 
and third cash prize was also offered to the 
three fastest dogs. 

Many of the spectators who lined the 
banks of the lake eyed the "poor little 
animal" on the log awaiting the vicious 
onrush of the bugle-throated dogs. They 

Photos by LeSau 

clucked their tongues sympathetically at the 
coon who just lay on the log sunning him- 
self, everyone thinking the coon didn't 
realize he was in for a dunking. But the 
spectators were soon hooting at the dogs 
that thrashed back to the bank, glad to be 
away from the be-furred buzz saw. Mr. 
Coon got several good wettings before the 
afternoon was over, but he gave a darned 
good account of himself! 

It was amusing to watch the dogs per- 
form, their characteristics so paralleled 
the foibles of human beings. Some of the 
dogs went right to work and unseated the 
coon pronto ; some whooped and bellowed 
right up to the time they approached the 
log, and then swam back to the bank as 
fast as they could ; some of the large dogs 
were hopelessly put to shame by the coon, 
while one tiny scrub dog smaller than the 
coon made the ring-tail happy to take to the 
water ! 

In several instances the dog swam out 
and took possession of the log, and the coon 
swam back and unseated the dog! All in 

all, it was a hilarious afternoon's entertain- 
ment for the large Labor Day gathering. 

One aspect of the contest that everyone 
appreciated was the humane consideration 
given the animals. Three men were posted 
near the log in the chest-deep water. One 
of the men had a long leash on the coon 
that permitted free movement but could pull 
the coon off the dogs. 

The other two men stood ready to grab 
the dog's legs and pull him back when the 
two animals started underwater maneuvers. 
While most of the spectators feared for the 
life of the coon, it was actually the dog 
that was in peril once the two got to 
battling in the water! A coon is a brave 
animal and a good swimmer with lots of 
stamina. The dog, heavier and more ag- 
gressive and usually enthusiastic about 
eliminating his arch foe, is definitely the 
"underdog" in the water. 

As it turned out neither group of animals 
suffered anything more than a few minor 
scratches, some humiliation and a good day's 
workout. The officials changed coons fre- 

quently to prevent them from becoming 
tired out. The dogs just got one chance each 
at the coon and, of course, didn't tire out. 
The weather that day was in the upper 
nineties and none of the animals became 
chilled from exposure. 

For those interested in putting on Coon 
on a Log contests in their locale, this is the 
way the contest was conducted: 

Dog owners registered their dogs with 
the officials, paid an entrance fee, and 
drew a number from a hat which was their 
place in the line-up. As it turned out about 
40 dogs were registered. The dogs were put 
into two groups: full-blooded hounds and 
mixed breeds, with the former group having 
first try. Then, as the numbers were called, 
dog owner came up to the starting en- 
closure for his turn. 

The rules stated that a dog must swim 
cut to the log when the whistle was blown 
and attempt to unseat the coon in the space 
of one minute in order to qualify. Three 
officials had stop watches which were 
stopped the moment the coon was taken 
from the log or at the end of one minute. 
If the dog was successful in the one minute, 
they compared their times and entered an 
average time in the records. At the end of 
the contest the winners were announced 
and awarded prizes. 

Putting on such a contest involves a great 
deal of advance work by the groups sponsor- 
ing the contest, and its success is assured 
only by the degree of effort given. The 
East Baton Rouge Lions' Club and the 
Louisiana Coonhunters' Association went to 
work on advertising and publicity, getting 
the information to both coon hunters and 
the general public. Their success can be 
judged from both the number of paying 
spectators and the coon hound entries, both 
exceeding all expectations in view of the 
numerous other Labor Day activities in 
progress in and around Baton Rouge. 

"I think I'll sit this one out." Part of the crowd can be seen in the background. 

The matter of getting the principal par- 
ticipants — the coons — is an exciting and 
interesting detail. At least a dozen live 
healthy full grown and unharmed coons 
must be corralled in advance. Since the 
coons must be unharmed they cannot be 

"Come on in, fellows. The water's 

trapped. They must be treed with hounds 
and a young agile hunter must climb the 
ti ee and retrieve Mr. Coon in a sack. Or 
else he must be shaken or poked out of the 
tree and grabbed just as soon as he hits 
the ground and sacked. You reallv have to 

Top dogs and their owners are Bill Kiper 
(1st place, 8 seconds): Ed Lorio (2nd place. 
10 seconds); and L. A. Thompson (3rd place, 
35 seconds). 

Officials for the event were (left to right) 
Edgar Roberts, Herman Engelhardt, L. J. 
Champagne, and Ed Lorio. 

tree about 10 coons to retrieve one. So, the 
"scrap" really starts between the coon and 
the hunter before the main event. 

Another important point in such a contest 
is the location selected. The Lions' Club 
made available their property within five 
minutes of the city limits. This property, 
normally used for local Boy Scout activities, 
was ideal for the coon contest. There was 
adequate parking space, a large building 
with chairs for the ladies, cold drinks avail- 
able and the lake which was located right 
at the parking site. The proceeds from the 
event were shared by the two organizations, 
the Coonhunters' Association planning to 
further their work with the Legislature to 
liberalize coon hunting restrictions with 
their share. 

Until recently, Mr. Coon was considered 
a fur-bearing animal and could not be shot 
by hunter s — just trapped. But at the 
farmers' insistence the wily animal was 
declared a predator and could be hunted 
with hounds and lights, but not shot. To 
coin a phrase, it seems as though "the old 
coonskins ain't what they used to be." 

The only other freedom the coon hunters 
hope for is a change of the no shooting law, 
permitting coon hunting parties to take 
along at least one gun on hunts. The way it 
is now, they explain, it's kind of like being 
allowed to cast when fishing if you don't 
have hooks on the plugs! 

Though coon pelts are no longer of com- 
mercial value, the coons do provide food 
and exciting nocturnal sport for a large 
following of Louisianians, estimated to ex- 
ceed the squirrel hunters. The loss of rev- 
enue in pelts is being replaced by a rash 
of coon hound breeding kennels and large 
purchases of sports equipment necessary to 
this type of hunting. 

The "Coon on a Log" contests are another 
funds-producing event through the use of 
the scrappy animals, and the possibilities 
for such contests throughout the State are 
numerous. Although Mr. Coon has been 
declared a predator by the Commission, he's 
considered the scrappin'est predator that 
Baton Rougeans had seen in a long time! 

'You take one more step, Hound Dawg, and I'll mow ya down 

"You had you're warning; now git off my log!' 

"Just stick that head back up here again and I'll chaw them ears off 


Since there have been some changes in the personnel of the 
Enforcement Division since our first list was published in the 
February issue, and since many new names have been added to 
our mailing list since that time, we are again publishing this 
information. Get acquainted with the ranger in your vicinity and 
help him in any way you can. He is ready, willing, and able to 
aid you in many ways. If there is a question in your mind as to 
the legality of some item, give the ranger a call. Incidentally, 
he usually knows where the fish are biting and where the best 
spot is to kill a rabbit or two. 

Efforts of your game ranger force in the first eleven months 
of 1953 brought about some 3,400 convictions, more than double 
the previous high. This could not have been accomplished with- 
out the help of a majority of the hunters, fishermen and just 
plain citizens of Louisiana. We 'want to thank all justices of the 
peace, judges, sheriffs and their deputies, and the State High- 
way Patrol for their help in our efforts to bring fair play to the 
pursuit of fish and game. Let's make 1954 an even better year — 
not necessarily a bigger total in the arrest column, but a better 
year in law observance. 



817 Madison Ave., Covington 

Phone 1198-W 


4955 Gallier Dr., Gentilly Woods 
New Orleans, Louisiana 
Phone: FR-5563 

1410 Point Street 
Houma, Louisiana 
Phone: 9426 



District Name 


2 New, Leonard Box 376, Kentwood 

Phone: 2236 

3 Jones, Wm. Monroe 3255 Linden St., Baton 

Phone: 5-1697 

4 Landry, Robert D Paradis 

Phone: Luling 4941 

5 Hebeit, Lesma Labadieville 

Phone: 2651 

6 Ventrella, Charles Batchelor, La. 

Phone: 6106 

7 Richard, Willie 204 S. Miles St., Abbeville 

Phone: 2094-J 

8 Bienvenu, T. Horace 311 W. Bridge St., St. Mar- 

Phone: o785 

9 Ellis, James Box 757, Sulphur 

Phone: 4471 

10 Nugent, Earl .....Rt. 2, Dry Prong- 

Phone: 2631 

11 Hood, Clarence 204 Michigan Ave., Jones- 

fa or o 
Phone: 2353 

District Name 


12 Love, Hartwell 411 Louisiana Ave., Ferriday 

Phone: 3593 

13 Peyton, Jessie D Box 669, Winnsboro 

Phone: 4580 

14 Parker, James P 403 Scott St., Tallulah 

Phone: 813 

15 Smith, Edmond Box 392, Oak Grove 

Phone: 116-A 

16 Stanfield, Jack Edgar.. ..1025 Laning St., Minden 

Phone: 2044 

17 Farrar, Dewey 2912 Alabama Ave., Shreve- 


Phone: 3-6495 
Wharf LeBlanc, Claude 77 Metairie Court, Metairie 

Phone: TE-2272 
Seafood Reno, Harry C.~ ..Akers P.O., Manchac 

Phone: 3804 
Seafood Billiot, Joseph .Box 27, Lafitte 

Phone: 3658 



Address and Phone 

ACADIA Hanks, Irvy John... Rt. 1, Box 53-K, Morse (Phone: % 1212-R2, Crowley, La.) 8 

ACADIA Leieune, Learlin .....Rt. 3, Box 260, Church Point (Phone: 4440) 8 

ALLEN .....Fontenot, Rodney L Rt. 1, Box 54, Oberlin (Phone: 2381) 8 

ASCENSION Schexnayder, Harold. Sorrento (Phone: 9202) 3 

ASSUMPTION Arcement, Gustave H Labadieville (Phone : 4811) 5 

ASSUMPTION Landry, Cullen Paincourtville (Phone : 2986) 5 

AVOYELLES Chaze, Samuel J., Sr Marksville (Phone: 5942) 6 

AVOYELLES.. Clark, Elzie D Vick 6 

AVOYELLES. Couvillion, Alfred Rt. 1, Simmesport (Phone: Moreauville 3413) _ 6 

AVOYELLES Luneau, Alfred Center Point — 6 

BEAUREGARD Dewey, Tom Box 44, Merryville (Phone: 4421) 9 

BEAUREGARD lies, James H. 508 Magnolia St., DeRidder (Phone: 7672) _ 9 

BOSSIER Barnette, Wm. G 535 Riverside Dr., Bossier City 17 

BOSSIER. Coleman, Olney C Plain Dealing (Phone: 1528 — 362) _ 17 

CADDO — Britt, J. H Rt. 4, Box 446, Shreveport _ 17 

CALCASIEU Andrus, Lloyd C 407 Sixth St., Lake Charles (Phone: 4482) 9 

CALCASIEU Jardell, Bernett 412 Ruth St., Sulphur (Phone: 5551) 9 

CALCASIEU Reeves, Newton... Rt. 1, Box 3020, Lake Charles (Phone: 6-9079) 9 

CALDWELL Arthurs, Lance Box 424, Columbia (Phone: 304-J) 13 

CALDWELL... Roberts, James R.F.D. 1, Columbia (Phone: 2-1305) . 13 

CAMERON .Rutherford, Arnold Rt. 1, Box 7, Creole _ 9 

CAMERON Devall, Simmie Rt. 2, Box 254, Big Lake Community, Lake Charles, La 9 

CAMERON Roux, Daniel Box 114, Cameron 9 

CATAHOULA Barron, Ray -Foules, La. (Phone: Sicily Island 2007) 12 

CATAHOULA McGuffee, Cecil Enterprise 12 

CATAHOULA Swayze, Allen D.... Box 160, Jonesville (Phone: 5241) 12 

CLAIBORNE Killgore, Walter E Box 182, Lisbon (Phone: 2526) 16 

CONCORDIA Beard, Ivy M Monterey (Phone: 3593) , 12 

CONCORDIA Forman, Theo, Jr ...Eva (Phone: % A. D. George, 5241) 12 

CONCORDIA Fairbanks, Edwin Wildsville (Phone: Jonesville 4901) — 12 

DE SOTO. Elam, Charles P.O. Box 446, Mansfield (Phone: 96) 17 

DESOTO Speights, Nobel A Longstreet (Phone: 9) — 17 

E. BATON ROUGE Jarreau, Larance U 4165 Winbourne Ave., Baton Rouge (Phone: 5-0831) 3 

E. CARROLL..... Fortenbery, Quinton Lake Providence (Phone: 557-M) 15 

E. CARROLL ....Magee, C. Chappel 54 Davis St., Lake Providence (Phone: 487-J) 15 

E FELICIANA Bunch, George T ..Clinton (Phone: 227-J) - 3 

E FELICIANA Price, Ben A Box 93, Ethel (Phone: 2112) - 3 

EVANGELINE Andrus, Jos. Alex Rt. 3, Box 486, Ville Platte (Phone: 803-F2) 8 

EVANGELINE Hays, Guy Ford P.O. Box 19, Reddell (Phone: 800-J5, Mamou) 8 

EVANGELINE Rozas, Arthur L Rt. 4, Box 526-C, Opelousas - 8 

FRANKLIN Hodges, Homer Box 264, Wisner (Phone: 96-F2) 13 

FRANKLIN Stewart, Rheo G Rt. 4, Box 4014, Winnsboro (Phone: 4505) _ 13 

GRANT Coleman, Jack Pollock (Phone: 4581) - - 10 

GRANT Shipp, Edgar Rt. 2, Pollock (Phone: 3-3923) - - 10 

IBERIA. Bonin, Theodore Avery Island (Phone: 2-7751) — - - 7 

IBERIA Duhon, J. Melvin Rt. B, Box 113, New Iberia - - 7 

IBERIA Weber, Earl J Box 204, Jeanerette (Phone: 4183) 7 

IBERVILLE Olano, Charles Box 164, White Castle (Phone: 2427) - 6 

JACKSON Shell, Thurman .... Box 363, Chatham (Phone: 89-W) 11 

JEFFERSON Coulon, Alex J., Sr Extension Rt., Box 452, Barataria (Phone: Lafitte 9976) 4 

JEFFERSON Rau, Peter 1122 Central Ave., New Orleans (Phone: CE-9500) 1 


RANGERS — Continued 

Parish Name Address and Phone 

JEFFERSON DAVIS LeLeux, Louis N 618 W. Plaquemine St., Jennings (Phone: 1043-J) _ 9 

LAFAYETTE Begnaud, Noisey P P.O. Box 165, Carencro (Phone: 5-0042) 7 

LAFAYETTE Cormier, Easton J 417 Elizabeth St., Lafayette (Phone: 8-2235) 7 

LAFOURCHE Adams, Anthony R.F.D., Box 139, Lockport (Phone: LaRose 3-3796) 4 

LAFOURCHE Ougel, Ulysse J R.F.D., Box 161, Lockport (Phone: c r LaRose Hotel, 3-9715) 4 

LA SALLE Dunn, Thurston Olla (Phone: 96-F11) 12 

LASALLE Otwell, T. H. Walters (Phone: Jonesville 4861) 12 

LA SALLE Stutson, Willie R Nebo Rt., Jena (Phone: % White Castle Serv. Sta. 9107) 12 

LINCOLN Maxwell, Spencer R.F.D. 4, Ruston (Phone: 1988-J1) 11 

LINCOLN. Williamson, Jewel Rt. 2, Choudrant 11 

LIVINGSTON Harris, Charles R Rt. 1, Box 103-B, Denham Springs (Phone: 2906) 3 

LIVINGSTON Kozan, George Box 13, Albany (Phone: Hammond 1168-J) 3 

LIVINGSTON Mack, Prestley R Rt. 3, Box 189, Hammond (Phone: 185-M2) 3 

MADISON Smith, William D Rt. 1, Box 157-B, Delhi (Phone: % 813, Tallulah) 14 

MOREHOUSE Burgess, Frank Rt. 1, Oak Ridge (Phone: Rayville 4-3991) 15 

MOREHOUSE Mayo, Dan P R.F.D. 1, Jones 15 

MOREHOUSE Pace, Norman A Haile 15 

N. NATCHITOCHES Brossett, Percy Rt. 1, Box 235, Campti 10 

N. NATCHITOCHES Conlay, Louis Creston (Phone: 2521, Campti) 11 

N. NATCHITOCHES Desadier, Clarence Rt. 3, Box 179, Natchitoches (Phone: Clarence, 2957) 10 

N. NATCHITOCHES Weaver, Eugene Creston (Phone: % Campti 2783) 11 

N. NATCHITOCHES Williams, Lary Chestnut 11 

S. NATCHITOCHES DeBlieux, Jack L Rt. 3, Box 112-A, Natchitoches (Phone: 3398) 10 

ORLEANS Danove, Paul, Sr 4537 N. Rampart St., New Orleans (Phone: BY-1207)... . 1 

ORLEANS Harmon, Wilkes R 3187 DeSaix Blvd., New Orleans (Phone: BY-3258) 1 

ORLEANS McCue, Arthur J 1013 S. Genois St., New Orleans (Phone: AM-2236) 1 

ORLEANS Tullier, Albert J., Jr 539 Wagner St., New Orleans (Phone: AL-7349). . .. 1 

OUACHITA Oxley, Wm. M 507 S. Third St., Monroe (Phone: 2-1266) 11 

POINTE COUPEE Bonaventure, Wilfred Oscar, La. (Phone: 4541 or 4549) 6 

POINTE COUPEE Kline, Joseph M .Frisco (Phone: 4541) 6 

POINTE COUPEE Purpera, Vincent, Jr Innis (Phone: 6106) 6 

RAPIDES. Price, Murrell Sieper (Phone: Simpson 62-8609) 10 

RAPIDES Slay, Wesley Rt. 3, Box 91-B, Alexandria (Phone: % 2-0563) 10 

RED RIVER Cason, Ronald B Rt. 3, Coushatta (Phone: 4040, Range Towers) 17 

RED RIVER Jowers, James O Box 213, Coushatta (Phone: 4040) 17 

RICHLAND Albritton, Henry Rt. 4, Box 368, Rayville (Phone: 2693) 14 

SABINE Anthony, Clyde E Many, Rt. 1 10 

ST. CHARLES Schaubhut, Willie R Des Allemands (Phone: Luling 5135) _ 4 

ST. HELENA Brecheen, Roscoe Greensburg (Phone: % Greensburg Drug Store) 2 

ST. HELENA McCoy, Granville K Rt. 3, Box 165, Amite (Phone: 3504) 2 

ST. JAMES Pertuis, Robert Box 77, Lutcher (Phone: 3350) 4 

ST. JOHN Gorio, Earl Garyville (Phone: 3186) 4 

ST. LANDRY Doucet, Regile, Jr Star Rt., Washington (Phone: 5701) 8 

ST. LANDRY Jackson, Andrew L Rt. 2, Melville (Phone: 3903) 8 

ST. LANDRY Tate, Honore Box 281, Washington (Phone: 6665) 8 

ST. MARTIN Dupuis, Melvin Rt. 2, Box 678, Breaux Bridge (Phone: 5165) 8 

ST. MARTIN Romero, Robert 102 Vivier St., St. Martinville (Phone: 3298) 8 

ST. MARY Fouquier, Everett A 305 Sanders St., Franklin (Phone: 895). 5 

ST. MARY Gilmore, Cecil Box 45, Berwick (Phone: 3886) 5 

ST. TAMMANY Jenkins, Arthur Box 166, Covington (Phone: 219-J) 2 

ST. TAMMANY Parker, Arthur D 18th and Monroe Sts., Covington (Phone: 839-W) 2 

TANGIPAHOA Hyde, Buddy F Rt. 1, Roseland (Phone: 3397, Kentwood) 2 

TANGIPAHOA Milton, E. J Tangipahoa, Box 52 2 

TANGIPAHOA Niehaus, Nick Ponchatoula (Phone: 7063) 2 

TANGIPAHOA Sanders, Jessie M R.F.D. 1, Kentwood (Phone: 4076) 2 

TENSAS Poe, Bill R.F.D. 1, Newellton (Phone: 4432) 13 

TENSAS Spruill, Harvey Lee Rt. 3, St. Joseph (Phone: 46-X) 13 

TENSAS ...Stewart, Thos. W R.F.D., Newellton 13 

TERREBONNE Jaccuzzo, James V 614 Point St., Houma (Phone: 6422) 5 

TERREBONNE Mclntire, Daniel C. Box 39, Gibson (Phone: % Walter's Store) 5 

UNION Fallin, J. Marvin Bernice, La 16 

UNION Hamilton, James Downsville (Phone : 8465) 16 

UNION Langston, Edward Litroe - - 16 

VERMILION Frederick, Paul Rt. 1, Box 297, Gueydan (Phone: -i Fred Hebert, 3291) 7 

VERMILION Lege, Milton 708 S. East St., Abbeville (Phone: 1774-R) - 7 

VERMILION Menard, Levise Henry (Phone : Erath 3471) 7 

VERNON Davis, Leslie Simpson (Phone: 62-8609) 10 

WASHINGTON Seal, Leroy Varnado (Phone: 1991-J3) - 2 

WEBSTER ..Smith, Claude Box 443, Cotton Valley (Phone: 8603) 16 

W. BATON ROUGE Francois, John G Rt. 1, Port Allen (Phone: 1414, Erwinville) 6 

W. CARROLL Ford, James A Box 133, Epps (Phone: % 2181) 15 

W. CARROLL Schrock, Clyde Rt. 1, Box 310, Oak Grove (Phone: Dumas Serv. Sta., 112) 15 

W. FELICIANA Rosenthal, Joseph St. Francisville (Phone: 122-J) 6 

WINN Harrington, Hoyt W Rt. 3, Winnfield (Phone: 4372) 11 

WINN Raborn, Victor Rt. 1, Goldonna (Phone: c c 2353, Jonesboro) 11 


Who'll claim this very cute youngster with 
the very nice sac-a-lait? We lost the data 
that came with the pic. 

Victor and Sam Michelli, Son and Sam Fedele, and Samuel 
Consentino, all of Baton Rouge, with the results of a highly suc- 
cessful rabbit hunt. 

Leopard Catahoula 
Cur owned by Overton 
Futrell of Dry Prong. 


Winners of the South Louisiana Beagle Club Field 
Trial October 25 were Mona's Molly, Dyers' Tilley, 
Cherokee Missy, Bonura's Frisky, and Dyers' Sandra. 
This was in the 15" class for females. 

Wayne Coon, 11 year old from Monroe, 
killed this nice buck in Madison parish last 

This 170 lb. alligator gar was caught in Tensas River 
near Gilbert by Carl Rider, Geo. McManus, and Henry 
Wafer, Jr., all of Winnsboro. It was seven feet and four 
inches in length. 


Deer killed near Westwego 
by Frank Gisclair, Sr. and 
Frank, Jr. Palmated antler of 
top head is 6%" wide. 

The Ouachita unit of the 
La. Wild. Fed. had this excel- 
lent exhibit at the Ouachita 
Valley Fair. 

The Readers 

Mrs. Bill Stone, Cotton Valley, with a 50 
lb. Opelousas catfish caught on trot line by 
Bill Stone, V. Keeling, and John Dean. 

d, all of 7 years 
ss unaided on a 
ucky "13" out of 
om Delhi. 

W. A. and I. S. Herrington 
of Mansfield took this string 
of bass from Black Lake on 
December 29, 1952. 

A group of Marksville High School boys did mighty fine 
the Spring Bayou area on this trip. Prof. Fuqua and Jam 
Bordelon display the catch. 

"Slick" Thompson, Winnsboro, with an eight- 
point buck killed in Madison parish. 




Guy Kincaid checks the weight (184 lbs.) of a nice five point buck killed by Bill Allen 
Butler on opening day at the Winnsboro Hunting Club, Tensas parish. Bill Allen is the one 
with the grin and without horns. 

It had been 11 months since we'd heard 
the coarse choppy tongue of Tip, the 
squalling- mouth of Rachel, woods-rocking 
blare of Sampson and the sharp squealing 
of Bell and we were hungry . . . starved 
for a good deer race and a chunk of venison 
smothered in brown onion gravy. The time 
was near; mighty close — only one night 
away as our station wagon lights burned 
twin holes in the Madison parish twilight 
November 30. 

Bernard had gone ahead in the pickup 
with the hounds and was standing on the 
front steps of the weather-beaten club- 
house when we bumped into the yard. We 
call it a clubhouse just to have bigshot 
ideas. Actually, it is no more than a lean- 
to built off the ground to keep out spring- 
floods. The yard is a pin-oak studded 
piece of ground enclosed with two strands 
of rusting barbed wire. We fondly speak 
of the stables (four pieces of tin held 
intact by two by fours) and dog pens 
(rabbit and poultry wire draped around 
some trees) in our world of make-believe. 

You'd have thought we hadn't seen 
Bernard in two years when we landed our 
booted feet in the yard and yelled our 

greetings. We'd talked to him in Tallulah 
not six hours hence. But it was a happy 
world this chilly November night as the 
tantalizing odor of squirrel mulligan waft- 
ed from the kitchen (the kitchen is also a 
part of the living, dining and bedrooms). 
Bernard is a pretty fair cook, rifleshot, 
horseman and hound-handler and we con- 
sidered ourselves lucky to have him as one 
of the "Terrible Four." 

The station wagon springs sighed in 
relief as the bed rolls, ice-box, guns, lan- 
terns and what-have-you were unloaded. 
Willie D. called back over his shoulder 
and reminded us that "Be sure and unload 
my long-handles" which his wife insisted 
that he take, even after the vehicle took on 
the appearance of an over-stuffed dufflebag 
back at his house. We tied the arms and 
legs of the union suit in forty-eleven dozen 
knots and deposited them casually on his 
army cot as he threatened the trio with 

We must have chewed three or four 
times as we downed the mulligan and drank 
piping hot black coffee. We were eager, 
eager as 16 year-olds on the first hunt. 
The four of us probably had a total of 60 


John Blanchard 

Photos by Gresham 

years experience deer hunting, but that 
wasn't to be considered as we held a goose- 
pimply bull session after supper, discussing 
what stand we'd take as Bernard drove 
(rode after the dogs) the next morning. 

Charles insisted that we go to bed or 
we'd be a sleepy, drowsy crew to look 
down gunsights the next morning. Charles 
is a pretty bright boy, quiet, reserved and 
a darn good hunter, regardless of the game 
he stalks. For once we listened to his well- 
put advice,, turned out the lantern and 
snuggled in our blankets as the oil-drum 
heater cast a red glow into the darkness. 
It seemed to call for more wood as it 
popped and crackled in its cooling-off 

Tip knew it was breaking day and told 
us about it with a mournful howl which 
seemed to say: "This is opening day, fel- 
lows; pile out and let's get a race started." 
We did. 

We scattered in three directions as Ber- 
nard rode off with the four hounds trailing 
him. Charles headed toward the Bloody 
Bucket, Willie D. for the Scottish stand, 
and I went northward to the three stoopin' 
oaks. Familial- landmarks, not seen in al- 
most a year, brought back memories — of 
the spike shot by my fellow hunters, of the 
12-point slain by one, a neat six-point by 
another in years gone by. Right then I had 
my mind set on the three stoopin' oaks and 
almost noiselessly gum-shoed my way 
through buckvines, hanging spiderwebs and 
vine-draped trees. I might creep up on a 


big buck and get the jump on my com- 
panions, I day-dreamed as I continued 
toward my favorite stand, located about 
one-half mile east of Tensas river. 

We had time to reach our destinations 
when I heard Tip give out a sharp, warning 
bark that indicated a cold but promising- 
trail. The big black and tan is a strike 
dog, one of the best, who weaves in and out 
of brush tops in search of his quarry. 
Oddly enough he'd rather run a buck than 
a doe, and if he starts a race with both 
sexes and they split their trails, Tip will 
take the buck everytime. Put down those 
shotguns, men, 'tis a fact. He'll run a 
deer about 45 minutes and then return to 
start another race. Miss a buck and he 
stands and looks at you with his big brown 
eyes as if to say "why'n hell did you miss 

Rachel put in her two cents' worth be- 
cause she trusts her running mate and Bell 
squalled in anticipation of fun remembered 
from last season. Not a word out of Samp- 
son because this was his first trip with the 
music-making trio. Tip gave five short 
barks and I knew that he had struck; the 
trail had suddenly become hot; probably 
routed the venison-on-the-hoof from one of 
his favorite tree tops. Three other tongues 
joined in as the deer headed northwest to- 
ward the Bloody Bucket now guarded by 
Charles. Rachel, the half black-and-tan 
and half redbone, soon gained the lead as 
she always does, ahead of the big Walker, 
Sampson, in front of Tip and Bell. Not to 
be defied by a female, Sampson pulled in 
close, nearly knocking the acorns from the 
trees with his resounding bass voice. 

The deer undoubtedly turned south 
momentarily and was making his famous 
circle. Then I knew it was a big buck, 
especially if he turned again into the north 
wind and headed out of the country. I got 
cold, colder than I have ever remembered 
'cause the pack seemed to be headed east 
toward the oaks where I stood trembling, 
cold from the chill morning, but colder 
from the anticipation of getting a shot. 
He made the circle and headed out as I 
stood motionless with ears strained for the 
report of Charles' 12 gauge automatic. He 
was going Bucketward and there was 
nothing I could do but hope that Charles 
would fold him like an accordion with 
those double-oughts. 

The woods, all of Madison, seemed to be 
alive with dogs. The quartet sounded like 
a pack of forty as Bernard cheered them 
on, encouraging them as much as possible 
over the roar of Tip, Rachel, Bell and 
Sampson. "Why doesn't he shoot?" I asked 
myself. "Has he got buck-ager?" I thought. 
"Maybe he didn't get to the Bucket." I 
answered all of my own questions, becom- 
ing more impatient with every fleeting 

Then I heard the twelve. Once. Twice. 
The dogs continued their chase and won- 
dered if the deer was THAT far ahead or 
had Charles missed. Heavens to Betsy, 

what in the world was going on? Then 
there was silence and I grinned triumph- 
antly, knowing that Charles was cutting 
the buck's throat by now. My feet just 
wouldn't stand, I had to go see for myself. 
It had been so long. I struck out through 
the dense undergrowth toward the Bucket, 
walking as fast as I could, knowing that 
I shouldn't be tramping through the woods 
making so much noise. I might get some 
buckshot, so I started whistling . . . for 

I was greeted at the scene by a grinning 
Charles, four hounds and Bernard who had 
ridden nonchalantly to the spot on the big- 
bay horse. Tip lapped up a few splotches 
of blood as the other three lay quietly near 
the very dead eight-point. 

We took a vote and Bernard hauled the 
deer aboard his horse and headed camp- 
ward to deposit his load and try another 
race. The morning was young and we 
three, Willie D. had arrived by this time, 
were willing to make another drive. To- 
ward our two stands headed Willie D. and 
I to wait for the music ... if it started 

I leaned against the oaks, had a smoke 
and when I relaxed I discovered I was 
sleepy; probably caused by tension and 
then relaxation. I summoned my strength 
and listened to the dogs running near 
Hunter's and Greenleaf bends, but wanting 
to hear the sweet voice of old Tip. I did 
and I jumped quickly to my feet, hoping. 
And I hadn't long- to hope because the 
pack ran two does through my stand giving 
me heart failure, goose-bumps, nervous 
tension, the shakes and other disturbances 
too numerous to mention. 

Too excited to catch the dogs I stood and 
watched them literally fly through the brush 
in pursuit of the sleek beautiful creatures. 
My mouth stood open like a fireplace as 
the race faded in the distance and I came 
to my senses, cussin' my luck and blaming 
old Tip for running a doe, almost consider- 
ing writing an editorial about the ratio of 
bucks to does in this area. I knew the day's 
hunt was over and hoped that the pack 
would return so we might have another 
race the next day. I was way ahead with 
my pipe dreams. 

Making a little passe toward the river 
in hopes of finding a walking buck, I 
headed toward the camp and found all my 
companions dressing the buck. They had 
already rehashed the chase and even ac- 
cused me of having buck-ager on that last 
sashay. Nothing is as indignant as a man 
who has does run over him and his buddies 
insist that he should have shot at the 

The afternoon was spent without in- 
cident and the night dragged through to 
dawn into a damp, foggy morning, ideal 
for deer we said. The dogs and the party 
were just as eager as ever, excepting 
Charles, of course. Willie D. talked him 
out of the Bucket stand and we split up as 

Crossing the Tensas. 

during the previous morning. Rachel 
opened up on a hot trail, unusual for her 
since she isn't a strike dog, and the three 
joined in. May be a back trail, I thought, 
knowing that Tip would straighten out the 
pack. This he did and another race was 
in progress more fervent than yesterday. 
The circle and again toward the Bucket 
they went as I cussed for not having 
thought of trading stands with Charles. 

The sharp crack of a high-powered rifle 
severed my thought chain and I knew that 
Bernard had fired at the fleeing buck with 
his carbine. He had shot while the animal 
was making his circle in an attempt to 
throw the dogs off track. The race was 
short-lived and the dogs hushed as if turn- 
ing off a water faucet. There'd be no shirt- 
tail cutting if Bernard had done the shoot- 
ing I knew. I heard the call blow (three 
long blasts) and headed toward the sound. 
Upon arrival at the scene I saw a two 
hundred and fifty pound buck with antlers 
much likened to branched candelabra at a 
wedding. Twelve points that buck had and 
we three enviously congratulated the proud 
victor for his running rifle shot and trophy. 

We had one more day to go and I tossed 
restlessly in my bunk, dreaming of to- 
morrow, the stooping oaks and herds of 
deer which grazed nearby while I searched 
in vain for shells to load my automatic. I 
was awakened sharply by my wife who said : 
"John, if you are going back to north 
Louisiana to kill a deer you'd better get up. 
Edouard and Claude will be here any min- 
ute now." 



Biologists Begin District Setup 

There will be changes made in the Fish 
and Game Division on the first of January, 
but as far as the sportsmen are concerned, 
there will be little noticeable difference. 
These changes should reflect more and 
better game management in the future. 
The reorganization will give the sports- 
man closer and more frequent contact with 
the game and fish technicians and should 
reflect in better service to everyone in the 

This reshuffle will affect only the Pitt- 
man-Robertson Section of the Fish and 
Game Division. Effective January 1 the 
entire Administration Office of the Federal 
Aid Section will move from Baton Rouge 
to New Orleans. This move is designed to 
reduce overhead and give closer coordina- 
tion between the various sections of the 
Game and Fish Division and between other 
divisions of the Wild Life and Fisheries 
Commission. The closer coordination in the 
administrative level will reduce cost and 
give more efficient operation in purchasing 
and other procedures. 

The major change will be a district setup 
affecting the entire Pittman-Robertson pro- 
gram, and resulting in a complete reorgani- 
zation of that program. The state will be 
divided into districts, with parishes of 
similar game conditions grouped together. 
Each district will have one supervisor who 
will be responsible for carrying out all 
Pittman-Robertson activities. In addition 
to the supervisor, one or more biologists 
and other personnel will be located in each 
district. The number of men in each dis- 
trict will be governed by the type of work 
being undertaken and the complexity of 
the problem. 

The present Pittman-Robertson program 
consists of several distinct research proj- 
ects, several developmental and mainte- 
nance activities, each project having a lead- 
er, one or more assistants, and associated 
personnel as needed. The scope of the 
project was frequently state-wide, which 
necessitated considerable travel on the part 
of certain men. Effective January 1 all 
separate research development and mainte- 

District 1 

Headquarters: Minder. 

Supervisor Morton Smith is on leave in 
the armed forces. Biologist Ray Rogers 
is Acting Supervisor in his absence. Par- 
ishes: Caddo, Bossier, Webster, Bienville, 
Red River, and DeSoto. 

George Moore 

nance projects will be combined into one 
of each type. Under this setup, the duties 
of the entire Pittman-Robertson staff will 
be prorated into one of the three projects, 
depending upon the amount and kind of 
work he does. There will be no projects 
requiring statewide travel by a single proj- 
ect leader, as all the work in each district 
will be carried out by the district per- 
sonnel. The present leaders of key research 
projects will also serve as study leaders, 
and each will be responsible for compiling 
and submitting the data on his specialized 
study. He will organize the work but will 
gather the information only in his district. 
Additional data will be gathered by other 
district personnel and routed to the study 
leader for assembling. 

There are disadvantages in the district 
setup, but these are outweighed by the 
many advantages. A major disadvantage is 
the tendency of a district man to become 
a troubleshooter in his particular locality 
in all matters concerning the commission. 
Thus, his duties are spread so thin that 
his major objective suffers. This disadvant- 
age is not a serious one and depends upon 
each individual's ability to follow the work 
program as outlined for him. The advan- 
tages are many, the major ones being bet- 
ter utilization of personnel, more economi- 
cal operation, and more security in the 
job. By arranging the work-load, each em- 

ployee can set up a schedule so that there 
will be no slack periods, thus giving better 
utilization of technical talent. The em- 
ployee will also have a chance to become 
familiar with all types of problems, rather 
than being limited to the ecology of one 
or two species. In the future, each man 
will be working on a program, not just a 
three-year study of a specific game animal. 
The types of data gathered will change 
according to the needs of the commission, 
but the program will continue. The com- 
pletion of a certain phase will not end a 
project and leave the administrators and 
project leaders uncertain as to what they 
will do next. Since each man is part of a 
program, he will continue his work, and 
new jobs will be added with no change in 
his status. Since the district man knows 
he will be permanently stationed in an 
area, he can feel free to establish a home, 
whereas in the past he had no idea where 
his next project might take him. 

The district system is more economical 
because time-consuming, expensive trips 
from one end of the state to the other will 
be eliminated. Problems that arise will be 
handled by personnel in the district in 
which the situation occurs. This not only 
reduces the cost of travel but also gets 
the job done quicker. 

The state will be divided into seven dis- 
tricts of similar physiographical conditions 
(see map). The district supervisor and 
biologist are listed in Table I. Every sports- 
man is invited to get acquainted with the 
Pittman-Robertson personnel in his district 
and to call upon them for assistance. 

District 2 

District 3 


Headquarters: Monroe 

Parishes: Union, Morehouse, W. Carroll, 
E. Carroll, Lincoln, Ouachita, Richland, and 


Headquarters: Alexandria 

Parishes: Winn, Grant, Natchitoches, Sa- 
bine, Vernon and Rapides. 


District 4 

District 7 



Headquarters: Ferriday 

Parishes: Madison, Caldwell, Franklin, 
Tensas, La Salle, Catahoula, and Concor- 

District 5 


Headquarters: DeRidder 

Parishes: Beauregard, Allen, Evange- 
line, Calcasieu, Jeff Davis, Acadia, Cam- 
eron, and Vermilion. 

District 6 

Headquarters: Opelousas 

Parishes: Avoyelles, Pointe Coupee, St. 
Landry, Lafayette, St. Martin, Iberville, 
West Baton Rouge, Iberia, Assumption, St. 
Mary, Terrebonne, Lafourche, St. James, 
and Ascension. 


Headquarters: Baton Rouge 

Parishes: West Feliciana, East Feliciana, 
St. Helena, Washington, East Baton Rouge, 
Livingston, Tangipahoa, St. Tammany, As- 
cension, St. James, St. John, St. Charles, 
Jefferson, Plaquemines, St. Bernard, and 



Duck Hunter 

By A. B. Cobb 

Another year has come and gone, 
And the ducks are on the wing; 

The honkers are a'honkin, 
And the season has a ting. 

The leaves have started fallin', 
And the grass is turnin' brown; 
Your eyes are on the calendar, 
"Cause the ducks are comin' down. 

The clock just seems to slow up, 
And the weeks are twice as long; 
The time just doesn't get here, 
When the warden sounds the gong. 

And then one day it happens, 

And it seems it isn't true; 

But you get into your blind, 

And you blow like "Little Boy Blue." 

And you blow the kind of language 
That you've practiced all the fall, 
And you find the ducks are furriners, 
And they don't understand at all. 

And then you finally realize 
They are anything but bright; 
They circle just outside of range 
And never try to light. 

A smug smile creeps across your face, 
And you thank your lucky star 
That you're blessed with intelligence 
And not stupid like they are. 

And the north wind is ablowin', 
And you're shivering 'cause you're wet; 
And the same thing happens every year. 
It takes one year to ferget! 


How They Flew 

Malcolm Connolly, JENNINGS DAILY 
NEWS . . . Well, we got a later opening 
date on ducks this year, and still lots of 
gripes about hunting conditions. 

Maybeso the boys who set the dates 
should get together with the Weather Bu- 
reau. Something might be worked out. 

This Corner believes there are lots of 
ducks down here now and lots more to 
come. Just not enough bad weather to 
make them circulate. Too, the moon has 
been full this week and that sorta messes 
up the legal shooting hours. 

. . . Anyone could figure that duck hunting 
was far below par during the first week of 
the 1953 season. Most of the shooters go- 
ing out last weekend considered themselves 
extremely fortunate to bag even a limit 
of the smaller ducks they have by-passed 
during recent seasons in preference to the 
choicer and more handsome French ducks 
and pintails. 

Arthur Van Pelt, NEW ORLEANS 
TIMES-PICAYUNE . . . Waterfowl hunt- 
ers in the marshes that extend entirely 
across the southern borders of Louisiana, 
and those also whose hunting is done 
around the many large lakes scattered 
about the state, found ducks of several 
species and in large concentrations in 
numerous localities. Beginning with open- 
ing day, Nov. 17, limit hunts made within 
a few hours were reported by the majority 
of those hunting. 

. . . The duck season has come, and for 
a lot of hunters, it is already gone. Most 
observers agree on the fact that the main 
flights have left this area, and many of 
them did not even stop in for a visit. Last 
Saturday and Sunday when the winds were 
so strong, many flocks were seen flying 
high over the lakes on their way south. 
A few flights of geese were also reported, 
but most of these birds have been on the 
coast for some time. 

Delbert Oliver, LAFAYETTE ADVER- 
TISER . . . Duck hunters have reported 
large flights of ducks every day since the 
season opened if you have or can find 
places to hunt them. Large concentrations 
of ducks were reported Tuesday and Wed- 
nesday, and Thursday's rains increased 
activity for the birds and gave hunters 
plenty of targets. 

Mallards and pintails are plentiful in 
the marshes or flooded rice fields, one 
hunter reported, and the rains have prob- 
ably made a lot of other areas wet enough 
to attract ducks and geese. Limits were 
easy to get all this week, and most hunters 
could pick their flights to shoot into to 
assure them of at least a couple of mal- 



Recollections of 


Robert H. Wilcox 


A copy of the Louisiana Conservationist 
showing recent developments in the state's 
fish and game fields brings back memories 
of conditions as I knew them more than a 
half century ago. I was then publishing 
the Southern Sportsman in New Orleans, 
with an office in Carondelet Street near 
Gin-Fizz Ramos. This ambitious little 
magazine was short-lived. Two years of 
yellow fever quarantine, when only first- 
class mail left the city, and that punched 
and fumigated, was much too much. In my 
connection with the Sportsman I became 
acquainted with the leading hunters and 
fishermen and enjoyed their hospitality at 
their camps on Chef Menteur and other 
favored locations. At that time there was 
very little restraint as to dates and bag- 
limits for fishing or hunting throughout 
the state. There was no such thing as a 
license required for either sport and the 
only thing resembling a date that I can 
remember was that a gentleman should not 
shoot a deer before September first. Soon 
after that date the owner of the Promised 
Land Plantation, several miles down river, 
would send out invitations for the annual 
drive; a tug would be chartered and the 
New Orleans crowd would go down. One 
year, I remember, the only successful 
hunter was a one-armed individual with a 
double-barreled shotgun who bagged the 
three deer approaching his stand. He surely 
reloaded without delay! 

In an effort toward regulation, at the 
suggestion of leading sportsmen, I was ap- 
pointed a Special Officer. We were having 
trouble enforcing the Parish of Orleans 
ordinance protecting black bass (green 
trout) and I drew up a stronger one which 
was adopted by the Council. Also I en- 
deavored to tighten up an enforcement of 
wildfowl ordinance. One of the first offend- 
ers I brought in was Captain Leathers of 
the famous river steamer T. P. Leathers. 
He had too many poule d'eau! He paid his 
fine but remained a firm friend and after 
:he demise of the Sportsman he helped me 
run the shotgun quarantine against the 
yellow fever ridden city by taking me with 
my team of ponies and buckboard aboard 
the Leathers and dumping me off a distance 
up the river whence I drove to Calcasieu 
parish, five days driving over the roads of 
:hat time. 

The aforementioned officer's badge al- 
most caused me trouble in the rice country. 
[ was sewing sacks with a harvesting crew, 
iving in bunkhouse with the other hands, 
>vhen a nosy member saw fit to go through 
ny luggage in my absence and found the 
star. The crew got wind of it at once and 

there was an exodus from that farm! It 
seemed all were allergic to police officers 
and each thought I was a detective on his 
trail. A new crew had to be rustled to 
complete the threshing. 

That winter, with a young man named 
Earl, I trapped 'coon and mink back of 
Lake Arthur. We were doing well as far as 
quantity was concerned but the price of fur 
was very low, prime 'coon and mink bring- 
ing only about 75 cents each. Mink were 
especially numerous, probably due to the 
supply of crippled ducks. However, our 
trapping ended on receipt of news that 
Earl's parents and their entire family had 
been murdered on their farm near Lake 
Charles by a hired hand. My partner left 
to join the posse in pursuit of the killer 
who was captured, driving a team of the 
Earl mules, a couple of hundred miles 

I spent the remainder of the winter with 
a party of market hunters camped on 
Hackberry Island in Lacasine Bayou, Cam- 
eron Parish. Market hunting was not con- 
sidered reprehensible in those days! Ducks 
and geese were so numerous that there was 
little sport in hunting, only butchery. Out 
before daylight in our pirogues, poling 
through swamp grass to some cleared space, 
then shooting, shooting, shooting, and drag- 
ging in the game. At night each man must 
reload 150 or 200 brass shells and roll his 
cigarettes for the next day, and the birds 
would be sketchily dressed by plucking 
feathers from breast and removing entrails. 
They were packed in barrels and teamed to 
then the nearest railroad at Welsh, thence 
to New Orleans market. The gizzards were 
salted down by the individual hunter for 
his family later. 

There was no thought of conservation 
at that time. Ducks and geese were a pest 
to the rice planter and had to be guarded 
against to protect the crop. I have seen 
the fields blanketed with ducks, literally 
thousands of them. When disturbed they 
would rise with a roar and form clouds of 
mallard and pintail. Between the Mer- 
mentau and Lacasine bayous in upper 
Cameron and lower Calcasieu parishes was 
a bountiful hunting section. There were 
many prairie chickens and I have had great 
sport with quail along the long- Cherokee 
rose hedges bordering the old "providence" 
rice plantations. Going along the hedge 
on the lee side and the quail would run 
along a short distance, then flush and come 
over the high hedge to a perfect shot. Jack 
snipe were plentiful in season and rail were 
com in on. 

The wild prairie between the two bayous 
extending north from Lake Miserie was 
inundated in late winter to a depth of two 
or three feet. The immense buffalo fish 
would come up seemingly in droves and 
were impaled with pitchforks from horse- 
back and wagon. It was quite a problem, 
however, dragging a squirming thirty 
pound fish up to the saddle of a half wild 
pony! During this high water, too, deer 
hunting provided some excitement. In some 
locations there were many "domes", each 
probably half an acre in extent. (These 
were surmised to indicate oil deposits and 
now probably each dome is topped by a der- 
rick.) The deer would sun themselves high 
and dry on these domes and the idea was 
to approach from the shady side and get a 
shot as they bounded away through the 
water. Not so easy from a running horse ! 
The high grass on these prairies during 
normal dry weather was sometimes burned 
off by alligator hunters. The holes that 
were occupied and grass kept moist by the 
saurians in the outgoings were well marked 
after the fire and could be located from 
a distance. The 'gators were snaked from 
their holes with a hook on a long pole. 
They were hunted for their hides and teeth, 
and cross slices from the tail of a small 
four footer were not bad for a fish fry. 

Well, that was a long time ago and the 
old timer has quit burning powder. I am 
looking just at this moment at a couple of 
gray squirrels hunting acorns just outside 
my window. Later in the afternoon, should 
I go outside, I could hear a partridge 
drumming a few hundred feet away. The 
lake shore another hundred feet away 
every morning bears the prints of a family 
of 'coons that were in quest of frogs. Deer 
come down from the hills for water at the 
lake and kept my beans trimmed off in the 
garden until I found a slight sifting of 
bloodmeal was very objectionable to them. 
There is a beaver house in the shallow 
water of the lake not far from shore and 
its inmates have lumbered all the poplar 
near the water. Within fifteen miles bear 
are frequently seen and only within the 
past five years have been protected as a 
game animal. But this a far piece from 
Louisiana! I should like to visit that land 
again but perhaps it is time that an octo- 
genarian settle down. 

Anyhow, Good Hunting! 

Lake Hortonia 
Brandon, Vermont 





Continuing its program to convene in 
different sections of the state, the seven- 
member agency met in the Police Jury 
Building in Franklin, Iberia Parish. 

Members of the Commission agreed that 
a three-foot dam on Catahoula Lake would 
possibly not destroy the lake as a migra- 
tory waterfowl resting area and feeding- 
ground. The matter was referred to the 
Fish and Game, Fur and Refuge, and Re- 
search and Statistics Divisions. George A. 
Foster requested that the attorney be in- 
structed to investigate the Commission's 
power in permitting or rejecting cutting of 
canals to and from the lake. 

The Civil Service salary schedule for 
wildlife rangers was changed as follows: 
Wildlife Ranger: Old range, $250 to $305; 
new range, $230 to $305. Wildlife Refuge 
Supervisor: Old range, $200 to $275; new 
range, $250 to $325. Wildlife Refuge 
Warden: Old range, $180 to $230; new- 
range, $230 to $305. 

The $50,000 allotment from the Board 
of Liquidation was allocated thus: Increase 
rangers' salaries, S22,890 ; expenses, mem- 
bers and department personnel to Gulf 
States Marine Fisheries Meetings, $1,500; 
per diem and expenses Commission mem- 
bers, seven meetings at $500 each, $3,500; 
reimburse budgetary funds for per diem 
and expenses Commission members (12 
meetings to date), $5,500; to increase 
salaries other personnel not meeting Civil 
Service minimum pay scale, seven months 
at $225, $1,575; purchase of outboard 
motors and miscellaneous equipment for 
Enforcement and Fish and Game Divisions, 
$5,000; to cover increased costs license 
and several tax collections and printing- 
costs, S7,535 ; educational program equip- 
ment and increased expenses, $2,500. 

Director Young advised that the sale of 
fishing licenses show an increase of almost 
100 per cent in 1953 as compared with 
the previous year. 

A request from the St. Tammany Police 
Jury to permit commercial fishing with 
seines, mesh not smaller than two inches, 
in Lake Pontchartrain was tabled. 

A permit for Sand and Shells, Inc., to 
continue their dredging in Lake Pontchar- 
train was renewed. 

No action was taken on a request by 
the Catahoula Lake Game and Fish Com- 
mission asking that the sanctuary bed of 
the lake be extended. Such action requires 
an enactment by the state legislature. 

Two requests by the Avoyelles Police 
Jury asking that permission be given to 
kill grosbeaks and declare an open season 
on raccoons, allowing night hunting, were 
not granted because : Grosbeaks are mi- 
gratory birds and are controlled by fed- 
eral law; raccoons are fur bearing animals 
with regulations set by the state legisla- 

A report from W. S. Werlla, assistant 
director and revenue supervisor, showed 
an overall increase of $188,163.13 in rev- 
enues for the current year. 

Union Parish requested a 32-day deer 
season instead of 45 days as designated 
by the Commission at a previous meeting. 
Because of the lateness of the request, the 
agency failed to grant same. 

James N. McConnell, Chief of the Divi- 
sion of Oysters and Waterbottoms, pointed 
out that the reef area in Plaquemines and 
St. Bernard Parishes were the backbone of 
the oyster industry east of the Mississippi 
River, and that fresh water must be ob- 
tained for the area because of the conch 
threat. He recommended that the Com- 
mission, in conjunction with the U. S. 
Engineers, Orleans Levee Board and the 
Police Jury of Plaquemines, do everything 
possible to find ways and means to open, 
with controlled structure, Bayou Lamoque, 
situated on the east bank of the Mississippi 
opposite Sixty Mile Point and emptying 
into California Bay south of Mangrove 
Point. "Should the Mississippi River water 
reach California Bay, tremendous areas of 

oyster reefs now dead because of high 
salinity and conch infestation would re- 
produce; and, in my opinion, no other one 
thing can be done which would be of 
greater value to our natural reefs east of 
the Mississippi." 

McConnell also recommended that an 
effort be made to obtain a control struc- 
ture built where the Violet canal formerly 
connected with the Mississippi at Violet. 
U. S. Engineers should be asked to dredge 
and maintain a channel with a minimum 
depth of five feet from Bayou St. Malo to 
Yscloskey. Canning plants obtaining oysters 
from natural reefs in St. Bernard and 
Plaquemines should increase their shell re- 
turn from 10 to 20 per cent, at the canner's 
expense. The board adopted the recommen- 

Director Young asked that the State 
Public Shooting Grounds at Pass-a-Loutre 
be used for public relations purposes when 
not in use by persons who reserved privi- 
leges prior to November 10, the closing 
date for requests from the public for camp 
facilities. He stated that he would assume 
full responsibility for camp operation. His 
request was granted. 

The agency voted not to sell any timber 
in the Iatt Lake Fish and Game Preserve 
in Grant Parish at this time. 

Director Young was authorized to dis- 
pose of the equipment at the L.S.U. quail 
farm and that expendable equipment be 
given to interested parties of sportsmen's 
clubs, 4-H clubs and others. 

The hull of the boat Eagle will be sold, 
since the cost of repair was estimated at 
$1,800, according to action by the group. 

The Washington Sand and Gravel Com- 
pany's request to lease a part of the Bogue 
Chitto River was referred to Fish and 
Game, Oysters and Waterbottoms Divisions 
and the Stream Control Commission for 
investigation and report. 

Concerning leasing of bottom lands of 
the state for sand, shell and gravel, the 
following resolution was adopted: That 
from and after November 24, 1953, all 
exclusive leases by this Commission cover- 
ing and affecting the dredging of sand, 
shell and gravel, exclusive of oyster bot- 
toms, in the bottom lands of the waters 
of this state, under the jurisdiction of this 
Commission, shall, prior to the granting 
and confection thereof, be anteceded by a 
notice of intention to lease which shall be 
advertised for a period of three times with- 
in 10 days in the official journal of the 
parish and/or parishes wherein said bot- 
tomlands are situated, which notice shall 
contain a description of the area to be 
leased and other matters which shall from 
the subject matter of said lease to the 
extent that whomsoever may be interested 
in bidding thereon shall have ample notice 
of the proposed letting. 

The meeting was adjourned to meet 
again on Monday and Tuesday, December 
21 and 22, 1953 in the city of Jennings, La. 



Pioneer, La. 
I have been out three times and have 
seen only one squirrel, three rabbits and one 
fox. Most of the squirrels were killed before 
the season opened. The warden you hired 
has not been on the job. Either he was out 
too late to catch the law violators, or would 
not try to catch them, or would not report 
certain ones when he caught them. 

• — Randall L. Vining 

Basile, La. 

I'm so well pleased with the many squir- 
rels we find this year, I feel I should let 
you know. As a matter of fact, there are 
more than I have seen for a good many 
years before. One reason is satisfactory 
to me for the increase. They were protected 
during breeding season, which they were 
not before. — Leopold Miller 

Any other ideas? — C.H.G. 



Would appreciate it very much if you 
could mail me another copy of your Novem- 
ber issue. 

I am more than anxious to have two of 
my Missouri cousins (who love to fish) 
come down here to spend their vacations 
with us this coming summer. Have talked 
Black Lake to them so much; but your 
November issue will tell it all, and the 
pictures are lovely, too. 

We have been going to Chandler's for 
years. Their hospitality and service are 
perfect, and we consider our money well 
spent there. — Mrs. Adrian K. Hide 

We were gratified by the many fine letters 
complimenting the magazine on the Black- 
Lake article. Mo> e of that type coming up. 


Easton, La. 

I would like to get your opinion about 
how most fires are started in the woods and 
swamps in Louisiana. 

I am a great outdoor sportsman; I have 
been on several camping trips this year 
with my friends, and each time I bring up 

the subject of forest fires and how they are 
started. In most articles I read, cigarettes 
seem to be the biggest cause; but I can't 
see it that way. I have offered S100 to any 
member of our party if he could start a 
fire with a cigarette, and I still have my 
S100. They have tried with crumbled leaves, 
sage grass, pine straw in the heat of the 
day — none has started a fire yet. 

I am careful with my cigarettes; but it 
is my opinion that forest fires are started 
from camp fires left smoldering and from 
matches thrown away while still burning. 
■ — Harland Ardoin 

/ believe that statistics show that most 
fires in Louisiana are incendiary in origin — 
they are started deliberately. I expect that 
you are right in your believe that most ac- 
cidental fires result from matches and camp- 
fires. Anybody else got an idea? — C.H.G. 


Baton Rouge, La. 

I take this opportunity to thank you for 
past issues of the Louisiana Conservation- 
ist and to request that future issues be sent 
to me. Copies of this publication are espe- 
cially helpful in conveying to ninth grade 
boys and girls the importance of conserva- 
tion and in studying- about the organization 
of and the services rendered by the Wild 
Life and Fisheries Commission when we 
study Louisiana's government. 

Several issues of Louisiana Conserva- 
tionist are kept on my desk at all times 
during the school year for the benefit of 
those students who complete assigned work 
before the end of a supervised study period. 
Many of the boys anticipate with eagerness 
the arrival of a new issue. 

Thanks again for this fine teaching aid. 
— Charles MacMurdo 

Our magazine is sent to every school in 
Louisiana, and we hope that many teachers 
are taking advantage of it as you are. 


Jackson, La. 
Am enclosing a picture that might be of 

interest to the readers of the Conserva- 
tionist. This is a picture of 31 out of 
36 fish (five wei'e too small and were thrown 
back) caught on Labor Day at Horseshoe 
Lake near Ferriday. There were three of us 
in the party: Charlie Ray Allen, Bill Haney, 
and myself, all of Jackson, La. 

The fish were caught between daybreak 
and 9:30 A.M. They weighed from 1% lbs. 
to 3% lbs. All put up plenty of fight; guess 
that was due to a cool spell at that time. 
The first six fish were caught on jitterbugs; 
the rest were caught on a Helldiver, a 
Hawaiian Wiggler, and a Fisherman's 
Favorite. — Harvey Spillman. 

Sorry we couldn't use the picture. That 
was a fine string of fish. — C.H.G. 


New Orleans 
2459 Gladiolus St. 

I am very interested in the articles on 
conservation in the Conservationist this 
month. I'm almost 17 and love to collect 
snakes. I've wanted to get into the con- 
servation department of wildlife. If there's 
any field open, could you please let me know 
what I could do to get in it. I am taking 
my high school course in conservation. 

If you could give me the addresses of 
any boys my age whom I might be able 
to write to and trade ideas with, I would 
appreciate it. Or perhaps you would put 
my name and address in the magazine so 
anyone who was interested could contact me. 
My address is 2459 Gladiolus, New Orleans, 

Your friend, 
Bobby Crayon 

/ do not knoiv how many years of high 
school you have left but would suggest that 
you take all the courses offered in botony 
and biology. If you intend to go to college 
there are quite a few courses ivhich offer 
training in wildlife work. The Louisiana 
State University School of Forestry offers 
both the bachelor's and the master's degree 
in wildlife management and forestry. If 
you would prefer to specialize in reptiles, 
which yon say you are interested in, you 
could get such training in the zoology 
schools of both Tulane and L.S.U. — C.H.G. 



Charley Bosch 

Executive Secretary 
Louisiana Wildlife Federation 

We are still missing some important data 
that we wish to use in our article on Cata- 
houla Lake. But we assure you it will be in 
the February issue. We think the following 
address delivered last March will be of in- 
terest to our readers as it deals with the 
overall problem: 



Hon. Clifford R. Hope 

House of Representatives (Kansas) 
Washington, D. C. 





MARCH 10, 1953 

I am pleased to be here today and have a 
part in this discussion of a natural re- 
sources policy for the nation. I agree thor- 
oughly with Bill Voigt as to the importance 
of this subject and with his statement that 
a concise, comprehensive declaration of a 
natural resources policy in our law books 
is long overdue. 

It is true that some steps have been taken 
in the direction of formulating a policy. We 
have made progress, but it has been piece- 
meal and erratic, and in most cases what 
has been done has been inspired by some 
national calamity. The result, as might be 
expected, is that we have advanced on some 
fronts but haven't even gotten started on 
others. Almost everywhere there is much 
confusion and little coordination. Nowhere 
is this more apparent than in the field of 
soil and water conservation. 

Let me illustrate what I mean. The 
great Mississippi flood came along in 1927 
and jarred us out of our complacency to the 
extent that we enacted the Flood Control 
Act in 1938. This has been supplemented 
by later flood-control legislation including 
the Act of 1936, the Act of 1944, the 1950 
Act, and others. The terribly destructive 
flood on the Kansas and Missouri Rivers 
last year has naturally resulted in a fur- 

ther consideration of flood-control legisla- 
tion, but except for financial assistance to 
those who suffered losses, no new legisla- 
tion has resulted as yet. The President, 
however, has appointed a Commission of 
nine members known as the Missouri Basin 
Survey Commission to consider anew the 
whole problem of soil and water conserva- 
tion in the Missouri Valley. 

We have had legislation on our statute 
books relating to reclamation ever since 
1902, but it took the drought of the 1930's 
to awaken the nation to the need for ex- 
panding our irrigated acres on a large 

This drought and the dust storms which 
accompanied it focused attention in a very 
dramatic way upon the destruction of our 
topsoil by blowing. It also brought the 
realization that for every acre of farm land 
we were losing through wind erosion, we 
were losing one hundred acres from water 
erosion. Almost overnight this became recog- 
nized as one of our top national problems 
and so we set up the soil conservation pro- 

The development of the water resources 
of the Tennessee Valley begun as a war 
measure in World War I plus the great ex- 
pansion of industry in World War II 
brought increased interest in the develop- 
ment of hydro-electric power. 

High transportation rates stimulated in- 
creased interest in the expansion of navi- 
gation on our inland streams, although ac- 
tivity on the part of the Federal Govern- 
ment in the development of inland water- 
ways goes back more than a hundred years. 
All of these matters have resulted in 
some degree of action. We have had legis- 
lation — much of it. Large sums of money 
(and I mean large even in these days) have 
been and are being spent in the name of 
flood control, reclamation, soil conservation, 
navigation, hydro-electric power, range and 
forest restoration, and the development of 
recreational areas, but all of these things 
have been done piecemeal. As Mr. Voigt 
well says, "It is a crazy quilt pattern." 

I do not know how many federal agencies 
in all have dealt with these subjects — I 
could name a dozen right now without half 
trying. I don't know how many committees 
in Congress have dealt with various aspects 
of the matter. Even since the reorganiza- 
tion of Congress with its consolidation of 
committees, there are still several com- 
mittees in each House including Appropria- 
tions Subcommittees which must pass upon 
some particular phase of legislation and 
government activity dealing with the sub- 
ject of soil and water conservation. 

Furthermore, as long as we insist upon 
dividing government activities relating to 
soil and water resources into separate com- 
partments with such labels as soil conser- 
vation, watershed protection, reforestation, 
agricultural production, irrigation, drain- 
age, navigation, flood control, federal pro- 
grams, state programs, local programs, and 
so on, there is bound to be duplication, over- 
lapping, and rivalry between agencies, as 
well as inefficiency, waste, and an utter 
failure to get our money's worth in the way 
of conservation. In fact as long as we pro- 
ceed in this way, the job simply is not going 
to be done. 

I have already given one reason for this 
dispersion of effort. It is due in most cases 
to the fact that our efforts toward conser- 
vation in the past have generally been 
brought about by a rather sudden recog- 
nition that something was wrong. So we 
rushed in and attempted to do something 
about that particular difficulty without giv- 
ing much if any consideration as to how 
the situation arose in the first place or 
how the proposed remedy fits in with the 
over-all problem of conserving our land and 
water resources. When one of these specific 
programs is set up, it is placed in the hands 
of some particular government agency and 
that agency, as it probably should, dedi- 
cates itself to doing the job that is assigned 
it. In doing that job, it bumps into many 
allied problems and if it can get the money 
from Congress, it starts dealing with them 
also, even though some other agency may 
have already occupied that field. Illustra- 
tions of this can be cited time and again. 

This is not said so much in the way of 
criticism of these agencies as it is of the 
fact that we have failed so far to develop 
a comprehensive policy dealing with the 
subject. It is true, however, and I do say 
this critically, that every effort which has 
been made in and out of Congress to bring 
about a consolidation of agencies dealing 
with conservation matters has been bitterly 
resisted by practically all of these agen- 

When I say this I am speaking from ex- 
perience because I have introduced consoli- 
dation bills, and I know just what the re- 
actions are — not only among the agencies 
which are affected but on the part of in- 
dividuals and organizations who feel that 
they have some vested interest in the work 
which is being done by them. 

Some of you are familiar with the report 
of the Hoover Commission on the subject 
of natural resources. Whether one agrees 
with the details of that reorganization pro- 
posal or not (and even the Commission 


divided on it), it was a sincere effort to 
effect a consolidation of agencies which 
were operating 1 in competition with each 
other and in whose work there was over- 
lapping and duplication. It is well known 
of course that the report aroused tremen- 
dous opposition on the part of the agencies 
affected. I think this will be true as to any 
proposals along this line. 

I do not say that it is absolutely neces- 
sary that every activity relating to soil 
and water conservation be handled by a 
single government agency. In fact, such 
a program might not be practical at least 
in the beginning. What we do need is an 
over-all policy which will clearly define the 
objectives to be followed up by a legislative 
program which will outline how the job is 
to be done and just who is to do it. 

Even in the absence of a statement of 
national policy, we are making some prog- 
ress. It is encouraging that within the 
last few years there have been instances 
where federal agencies have gotten togther 
in an effort to work out natural resources 
programs in a coordinated way. Some of 
these efforts have worked out well. 

In a more recent instance Congress has 
stepped in and directed that a survey be 
made and plans submitted to Congress for 
the development of the Arkansas, White, 
and Red River Basins. Every government 
agency dealing with any aspect of soil and 
water conservation and related subjects is 
to participate in this survey. Because this 
marks the first time to my knowledge that 
this approach has been taken in the case 
jf large river basins, I am going to read to 
you the language directing this survey, be- 
ing a part of Section 205 of the Flood Con- 
;rol Act of 1950. The provision in question 
after stating that the Secretary of the 
Army is authorized and directed to make 
preliminary examinations and surveys goes 
)n to say, and now I quote, "with a view 
;o developing comprehensive, integrated 
Dlans of improvement for navigation, flood 
lontrol, domestic and municipal water sup- 
slies, reclamation and irrigation, develop- 
nent and utilization of hydro-electric power, 
conservation of soil, forest and fish and 
vildlife resources, and other beneficial de- 
velopment and utilization of water resources 
ncluding such consideration of recreation 
lses, salinity and sediment control, and 
rollution abatement as may be provided for 
inder Federal policies and procedures, all 
o be coordinated with the Department of 
he Interior, the Department of Agricul- 
ture, the Federal Power Commission, and 
)ther appropriate Federal agencies and with 
he States, as required by existing law." 

This survey is now in progress. The re- 
)ort is scheduled to be submitted to Con- 
gress by July 1, 1954. It is my understand- 
ng that every federal agency which deals 
vith the subject matter is participating in 
his survey. No one knows how it is going 
o work out. The report itself will be the 
>est proof of that, but it is encouraging to 
mow that such an effort is underway and 
hat, so far at least, there is apparently 
i close working arrangement between the 
igencies which are participating. It may 
ie that previously there have been similar 
urveys on small streams, and of course 
he Tennessee Valley Authority has been 
i coordinated effort. Otherwise I do not 
:now of any attempts at coordination which 
lave gone as far as this one. 

Speaking specifically to the subject of 
watershed planning, it seems to me that all 
'f us must agree that the way to do that 
ob is to put first things first and begin 
vhere nature begins. That is, watershed 
ilanning must start at the place where the 
rater falls. Yet until very recently at least, 
ve have followed just the opposite course. 

We did so for one thing because we ap- 
proached the subject from the standpoint 
of flood control. The big spectacular floods 
occurred far down on the main streams. 
We decided the way to meet the problem 
was to build huge levees on the main 
streams in order to hold the water in ex- 
isting channels. Building levees was help- 
ful, but it was dealing with the effect rather 
than the cause. So the next proposal was 
to build reservoirs on the main streams and 
the larger tributaries to impound flood wa- 
ter before it reached the areas of concen- 
trated population most subject to heavy and 
dramatic losses. Experience has been that 
such reservoirs are helpful in controlling 
floods, but we have found as time goes on 
that neither reservoirs nor levees nor a 
combination of the two will do the entire 

And so at long last we are planning to 
go to the headwaters of the streams and 
beyond that to the farm land and the range 
and forest areas where the water falls. It 
is proposed to hold as much of the water 
as possible in that area. There, in most 
cases, it will serve a useful purpose and 
every drop which can be retained in this 
way means that much less water to cause 
damage and destruction farther down- 

This makes sense from several stand- 
points. In the first place if we put the land 
where the rain falls to its proper use and 
if we take steps to set up good cropping 
practices, terraces and grassed spillways, 
small ponds, gulley plugs, and minor reser- 
voirs on the smaller streams, these steps 
will directly prevent some of the greatest 
flood damage now taking place. In saying 
this I am referring to the damage which 
occurs on the uplands and in the valleys 
of the smaller streams. 

It may surprise some to know that sur- 
veys made by the Soil Conservation Service 
show that 75 per cent of our average an- 
nual flood loss occurs above our main river 
valleys. This of course is due in part to 
the fact that the major river flood plains 
and the cities along the rivers are already 
protected in part at least by levees and 
major reservoirs, but the main reason that 
the greatest damage occurs where it does is 
because the greatest loss from floods is the 
loss of the soil itself. 

Last year after the record-breaking flood 
on the Kansas River and other streams in 
that area, the Soil Conservation Service 
made a survey of the storm and flood dam- 
age in Kansas and Nebraska during the 
month of July. That survey showed that 
the loss of crops on upland farms amounted 
to approximately 110 million dollars; that 
the loss of irreplaceable topsoil there was 
estimated at 200 million dollars; and losses 
from flood water and sediment in the ci'eek 
bottoms and in the small stream valleys 
above the points where specific flood protec- 
tion had been proposed were estimated to be 
102 million dollars; or a total of 412 mil- 
lion dollars, all of which occurred before 
we even got to the areas which were severly 
flooded. Yet one who got his information 
from the press and radio would have 
thought that practically all the damage oc- 
curred in Kansas City and Topeka and other 
cities along the Kansas River. 

The thing to remember is that every year 
this loss of crops and soil occurs in the 
upstream areas, but it is only occasionally 
that important damage is done on the main 

Yet another reason why flood control to 
be effective must start where the water falls 
is that the greatest menace to the reservoir 
and levee program is siltation which can 
only be prevented by treatment of the land 
and upstream control. Illustrations of the 

folly of overlooking this can be found 
everywhere that reservoirs have een con- 

I do not want to be misunderstood. Flood- 
control measures on the land and along the 
small streams will not of themselves afford 
complete flood protection on the main 
streams. There will still be a place for reser- 
voirs and levees. And when it comes to 
making beneficial use of our water resources 
for hydro-electric power, navigation, irriga- 
tion, and other purposes then dams and 
reservoirs must come into the picture. All 
I am saying is that we must start with the 
land and the small streams and unless the 
work is done there first, or at least con- 
currently with the work downstream, we 
will not achieve sound, permanent flood con- 
trol or the most economical and beneficial 
use of our water resources for other pur- 

Let me conclude these remarks by saying 
that the fact that this great conference is 
devoting so much time to a discussion of a 
National Policy for Renewable Natural Re- 
sources is the best possible indication that 
the American people are awake to the 
grave dangers which confront them through 
the careless way in which we have handled 
our natural resources. When our fore- 
fathers came here they found a land rich in 
all the resources needed in establishing a 
great and growing country. It is safe to 
say that no nation in all history has been 
blessed with such a combination of fertile 
soil, healthful and diversified climate, 
abundant water supplies, plentitude of wild- 
life, rich and varied mineral wealth, and 
forest resources as existed originally in 
the United States. And when we come to 
look for those things which have made us 
the world's greatest and most powerful 
nation, we must agree that this combina- 
tion of natural resources has played a tre- 
mendous part. And yet this very abundance 
constituted a danger because for a long 
time it prevented us from realizing the ex- 
tent to which we were exploiting and wast- 
ing this greatest of all heritages. 

But thank God we are waking up. Now 
instead of a few voices crying in the wil- 
derness, we have millions of people who are 
aware of what is going on and who are 
determined not only to conserve our re- 
maining resources but to do everything 
possible to restore that which has been lost. 
These millions of Americans are today 
speaking through the Natural Resource's 
Council and the 37 conservation organiza- 
tions which constitute its membership. 
The fact that these organizations — some 
large, some small, but all dedicated to the 
idea of conserving and restoring the natural 
resources of this country — have set up this 
Council and have gotten together on a 
statement of policy for renewable natural 
resources is perhaps the most significant de- 
velopment in American conservation efforts. 
It is a good statement. It covers the field 
and it outlines a good program which, if 
adopted, and implemented by legislation, 
will give us for the first time a goal and an 
integrated program in the field of conser- 
vation. This is the only way that we can 
do the big job that has to be done. 



The Annual Convention of the 
La. Wildlife Federation, Inc., will 
be held in the Captain Shreve 
Hotel, Shreveport, on February 
26, 27, 28, 1954. 



PHOTOGRAPHY AFIELD, by Ormdl I. Sprungman, 

Published bv the Stackpole Company, Harrisburg, 
Perm. 7" x 10", 449 pages. $7.50. 

An excellent presentation of a subject 
becoming more and more important to 
sportsmen. The book is divided into two 
main parts, the first on still pictures and 
the last on movies. Each is designed to 
furnish the sportsman-cameraman all the 
information he needs to take home a photo- 
graphic record of his trips afield. Both the 
beginner and the advanced amateur, as well 
as the professional interested in outdoor 
photography, will find this publication help- 
ful. It contains many photographs in black 
and white and in color. 

Sprungman is well qualified to write this 
book. He has conducted the camera section 
of SPORTS AFIELD magazine since 1934, 
and has made a number of movies for 
Ducks Unlimited. Very good. — C.H.G. 

HOMEMADE FISHING, by Verne E. Davison. Pub- 
lished by the Stackpole Company, Telegraph Press 
Building! Harrisburg, Penn. 6" x 9", 205 pages. $4.50. 

If you are interested in farm fish ponds, 
or small fish ponds of any kind for that 
matter, this is for you. Many books have 
been written on this subject but this one 
does the job just a little bit better. Davison 
should know whereof he speaks — or writes. 
He worked first with the Oklahoma Fish and 
Game Department and then joined the Soil 
Conservation Service in 1935. He has been 
with them ever since that time as Regional 
Biologist, and was chiefly responsible for 
the introduction of the fertilized and man- 
aged farm fishponds advocated by the S.C.S. 

This book is well written and easily read. 
It tells all you need to know about building 
and managing a fish pond, from selecting 
the site to catching the fish. Best of all, 
it hammers home the need to forget the 

old, erroneous traditions of fish manage- 
ment that handicap so many programs. The 
first three chapters are general, the next 
twelve are on warm water ponds, and the 
last three on cold water ponds. Excellent. 

THE PIKE FAMILY, by Robert Page Lincoln. Pub- 
lished by The Stackpole Com]. any. Harrisburg. Pa. 
6" x 8%", 274 pages. Published October 1, 1953. 
Price: $5.00. 

This book will be rather limited in 
interest for most residents of the Pelican 
State, since the pike family is not important 
in Louisiana fisheries. It appears to be, 
however, a very well-handled treatise on 
the northern pike, pickerel, wall-eyed pike, 
and muskellunge by a very able author, 
Robert Page Lincoln. It is the final chap- 
ter in 47 years of telling readers through- 
out the world what he knew about fish and 
fishing. Lincoln died this year at the age 
of 61. —C.H.G. 

DUCK DECOYS: Hon- To Make Them, now To 
Paint Them, Hon- To Big Them, by Eugene V. Con- 
nett :Srd. Published by D. Van Nostrand Company. 
Inc., New York. 9" by 6", 116 pages, numerous illus- 
trations, two color plates. 32 scaled patterns, $4.75. 

This book is a welcome source of infor- 
mation for duck hunters — whether he 
makes decoys or uses decoys made by 
others. There are chapters on materials, 
patterns for bodies and heads, painting 
decoys, ballast and balancing weights, an- 
chors and anchor lines, and setting out 
your decoys for various species, etc. The 
author has produced an excellent book 
for the lay decoy builder or potential de- 
coy builder; it is of less value to the ad- 
vanced decoy maker. The 32 patterns of 
heads and bodies are most valuable and 
there is a wealth of information about 
ducks, their attitudes and characteristics, 
and just how to copy these in your decoys. 
Good. — C.W.B. & W.R. 

MrClane. Published by Prentice-Hall, Inc.: New York. 
0" x 9", 253 pages. $5.95. 

Many of you are familiar with the writ- 
ings of A. J. McClane through FIELD & 
STREAM magazine, of which he is the 
fishing editor. This book is McClane at his 
best, and as the title denotes, is strictly for 
fly fishermen. He runs the gamut with 
chapters on The Fly Rod, How to Cast, 
The Fly Line, Leaders, Fishing The Nymph, 
Fly Fishing for Bass, Panfish, and others. 

Contains five full color plates of flys, and 
the "receipts" for many of them. Very 
good. — C.H.G. 

BIRDS AS INDIVIDUALS, by Len Howard. Pub- 
lished by Doubleday & Co., New York. 5y 2 " x 8", 
216 pages, 1953. Price: $4.00. 

The home of Miss Len Howard, in a 
little Sussex village, is literally for the 
record of her experiences in coming to 
know birds through very intimate asso- 
ciation. Visitors to her place are under- 
standably surprised to find birds flitting 
about through the house, in and out the 
open windows and doors. The book is di- 
vided into two parts; Bird Behavior and 
Bird Song. Illustrated with excellent photo- 
graphs by Eric Hosking, one of the finest 
of bird photographers. Very good. C.H.G. 

In Memory of 


Age: 16. Address: Paradis, 

Shot while hunting on De- 
cember 13, 1953. Trigger of 
gun caught in brush when vic- 
tim alighted from his pirogue. 
Wound fatal. 

One of the ten commandments of 
safety is: "Always carry your gun 
so that you can control the direction 
of the muzzle, even if you stumble." 


All fishermen are reminded that 
their 1953 fishing licenses expired 
at midnight on December 31. The 
1954 licenses are now on sale at 
most sporting goods stores and at 
all sheriffs' offices. Why not get 
your license now instead of waiting 
until you're in the rush of planning 
a fishing trip! 

In Memory of ■ 


Age: 28. Address: Poncha- 
toula, La. 

Shot while deer hunting on 
December 13, 1953. Died De- 
cember 16. Shot by lifelong 
friend who mistook him for 

One of the ten commandments of 
safety is: "Be sure of your target be- 
fore you pull the trigger." 


The Conservationist is now gathering data 
from all parishes on parish regulations which 
might affect the activities of the hunter, fisher- 
man, or camper. When the survey is completed 
we'll tell you, through the pages of this magazine, 
the results. Some of the rules now in effect will 
surprise a great many people. For instance, 
there's at least one parish in which you must have 
a permit from the sheriff before you can buy, sell, 
borrow, lend, or transfer in any manner any rifle 
or pistol. 

Charles W. Howell is dead! This Baton Rouge 
sportsman, in the prime of life, was deliberately 
shot by a headlighter while sitting by his camp- 
fire in the marshes near Venice, La. I say delib- 
erately because the man behind the gun pointed 
it deliberately and pulled the trigger deliberately. 
He was headlighting, presumably for deer, in vio- 
lation of state law, knowing that in such practice 
there is always the possibility of shooting a cow, 
or horse — or a man — instead of a deer. When 
the killer heard the screams of John Day, Howell's 
companion who was wounded by the same load 
of buckshot, he fled the scene. The Baton Rouge 
Sportsmen's League has begun a fund which it 
will offer for information leading to the arrest 
of the man who did the shooting. The League 
kicked in with a hundred bucks, and the total is 
up to several hundred now. 

The Louisiana Outdoor Writers' Association 
held a reorganizational meeting on Dec. 6, 7 and 8 
at the Pass-a-Loutre public shooting grounds at 
the mouth of the Mississippi River as guests of 
the Commission. While there they were treated 
to an explanation of the program of the Wild Life 
and Fisheries Commission by the various division 


chiefs. This should result in a much better work- 
ing relationship between the department and the 
men who contact the public. 

Among the officers who were elected to serve 
the LOWA for the coming year were : President — 
Charley Nutter, managing director of the Inter- 
national House, New Orleans; Vice-President — 
Hurley Campbell, who has charge of all photo- 
graphic work for the State Department of Edu- 
cation ; and Secretary-Treasurer — W. McFadden 
Duffy, public relations director for the Inter- 
national House. 

Our mailing list revision, initiated with a card 
insert in the October issue, is about to be com- 
pleted. We don't know yet whether it's a success 
or not. Depends on the way you look at it. Actu- 
ally, we confidently expected to chop ten to twenty 
thousand names off of our list of 44,000. Ten- 
nessee recently cut their roster from 27,000 to 
12,000 by the exact procedure we used. In our 
case, however, it looks as if we may end up with 
more names than we originally had. Such may 
not be the case when the tabulations are finally in, 
but believe you me we had a flood of cards. Many 
people commented about the magazine on the 
bottom of the card, and we'll be telling you more 
about some of those gems at a later date. 

We made one trip into the Bay Denny area of 
the Atchafalaya floodway to shoot some mallards. 
It wasn't exactly an armchair trip, what with a 
boat ride of a couple miles, another couple by 
shank's mare circumventing a posted area, and 
then the going got kinda muddy. Wood ducks by 
the literal thousands were there. Makes a guy 
wonder about the one-a-day limit on that species. 
Yep, I missed my share of mallards, too. 

Sunset, January 10, 1954, will mark the end of 
waterfowl shooting for Louisiana hunters for an- 
other ten or eleven months. 

Photo by Gresham.