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Full text of "The Lowery collection. A descriptive list of maps of the Spanish possessions within the present limits of the United States, 1502-1820:"

For Reference 



NOT TO BE TAKEN FROM THIS ROOM 



^^■^W^-^j-b-- 



4. 



Brandeis University 
Library 




In Memory of 
SARAH lAZEAR 
ATLANTA, uEDRGIA 

A Gift of The 
Committee of Brandeis University 



V 

t 



>^.r^.^K^'-A>l^ 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 



REFERENCE 



L. C. card, 12—35005 



For Sale by the 

Superintendent of Documents 

Government Printing Office 

Washinoton, D. C. 

Price, ?1.00 



PREFATORY NOTE 



In the Report of the Librarian of Congress, for the fiscal year ending 
June 30, 1906, is tliis extract from tlie will of Woodbury Ijowery: 

The late Woodbury Lowery, of Washington, D. C, scholarly investigator and his- 
torian of the early Spanish settlements in this hemisphere, died in Sicily, April 11, 
1906, lea\'ing in his will, dated the 5th of July, 1904, the following important bequest: 

"I give, devise, and bequeath unto the Library of Congress, in the city of Wash- 
ington, in the District of Columbia, my collection of Manuscripts, to wit: 

"Eighteen (18) volumes (including the Indexes) of Copies of Manuscripts relating 
to Florida, New Mexico, California, etc., bound with white parchment backs; Two 
(2) volumes of original Manuscripts entitled: (l)'Manuscriptos historicos'; (2) 'Visitaa 
de Presidios por Rubi etc' 

"The anonymous original manuscript entitled: 'Descripcion Historica, Cronolo- 
gica, etc., de la Florida.' 

"My manuscript entitled; 'A Preliminary List of Maps of the Spanish Possessions 
within the present Limits of the United States.' 

"I also give, de\'ise and bequeath unto the same the following printed books and 
maps, to wit: 

"(1) 'Alonso de Molina, Vocabulario en la Lengua Castellana y Mexicana,' printed 
in Mexico in 1555; (2) The Biblia Mariana; (3)'I1 Principe'of Machiavelli, printed at 
Venice, 1550; (4) my collection of maps, with the condition that it be preserved 
intact and be known as the Lowery Collection of Maps relating to the Spanish pos- 
sessions within the present limits of the United States. 

"I also give, devise, and bequeath unto the same the photographic negatives of 
manuscript maps contained in two boxes marked 'Negatives of manuscript maps.' 

"I also direct that the Librarian of Congress be allowed to select for the Library 
of Congress, from among the following books in my library, such works as may not at 
the time be in the possession of the Library of Congress, to wit: 

"(1) Books relating to the history of Florida, Texas, New Mexico, California, and 
Mexico; (2) books on palmistry; (3) books on Jewish historj-; (4) my Spanish books 
generally." 

In the Librarian's report for 1908 Mr. Worthington C. Ford, at 
that time Cliief of the Manuscript Division, pays a willing tribute to 
the testator and to that portion of the bequest of concern to his 
Division, as follows: 

Of quite another character are the transcripts and notes from Spanish sources 
received under the will of the late Woodbury Lowery, of Washington, D. C. Mr. 
Lowery spent many years in obtaining material for his history of the "Spanish Set- 
tlements within the present Limits of the United States, 1513-1574." To natural 
aptitude for such an undertaking he added special connections in Spain, which threw 
open to him the pubUc and private collections of that countrj', and his use of original 
material gave to hia volumes a coloring of permanent value. The eighteen volumes 



PE:FERE^ICE 

023261 



rV PREFATORY NOTE 

of transcripts, notes and lists which constitute his bequest are an invaluable source 
of information, a fit proof of his intelligently directed industry and of his historical 
judgment. Ten of the volumes relate to Florida, five to New Mexico, and the balance 
to miscellaneous matter on those territories and to California, Texas, and Louisiana. 
His history was left in an \infuiished state, but this material is a partial compensation 
to students in the same field. 

There is no publishotl record of the life of Woodbury Lowery, but 
we have been fortunate in receiving from his sister, the Duchess de 
Arcos, this short sketch of tlie brother so closely- attached to her in 
affection and Uterary companionship. 

Woodbury Lowery was the only son of Archibald H. Lower}', of New York, of 
Protestant Scotch-Irish descent, a man of the utmost integrity and cultivated tastes, 
and of Frances A. Woodbury Lowery, daughter of Levi Woodbury of Portsmouth, 
N. H., whose name is a.<!Sociated with posts of honor in his state and in the United 
States government from 1816 to 1852. 

The notes of the life of John Woodbury, a Pioneer, our direct ancestor on our Mother 'a 
side, who came to America in 1624 from Devonshire, England, and settled on Cape 
Ann, before the Puritans, apply three centuries later to his descendant, Woodbury 
Lowery. 

Honesty, uprightness, toleration, simplicity were joined to refinement and cultiva- 
tion in a character to which egotism and selfishness were unknown. His mind was 
analytic and healthy. His great love for nature and poetry and music, and his intensely 
spiritual nature never biased his judgment. Although naturally serious he was also 
most joyous and appreciative of wit and humor. 

He spent several years of his boyhood in Europe with our parents learning German 
and perfecting French, which he spoke almost perfectly. Later he studied Spanish 
to facilitate his historical researches. 

He graduated from Harvard University in 1875. While there he belonged to several 
college societies, the "Hasty Pudding" among others, and was one of the editors of 
"The Magenta." He took a postgraduate course in Chemistry, receiving a degree 
of A.M. in 1876. 

In order to remain with our parents in Washington, he then studied law at the Co- 
lumbian University, receiving the degrees of LL. B. and LL. M. Hi^ was admitted to 
the District Bar and to that of the Supreme Court of the United States, after which he 
practised law until 1897. During that time he edited or published: Myer's Federal 
Decisions, Vol. 27, on Patents; Lowery "s Supreme Court Patent Records, Volumes 4-20 
of Brodix's American and English Patent Ca.ses; Lowery 's Annotated Interference 
Rules, and Lowery 's Index Digest of the United States Supreme Court Patent Cases. 
Also a number of arti<-les (if which I have no notes. 

To these somewhat dry and uninteresting publications he gave the same minute 
and conscientious care as to the work he afterwards undertook and in which he 
delighted. His tastes were literary, and greatly encouraged by our Mother, between 
whom and her son there existed a particularly strong tie; also by our uncle Charles 
Levi Woodbury, who led him into the study of different religions and sects all over 
the world, developing his strong human sympathies with all sincere efforts to noble 
living. 

After discussing the subject \vith Mr. Woodbury, my brother began the historical 
work which he hoped to continue through the 18th century. One of his objects was to 
separate the political from the religious intentions of the early explorers of America. 
In 1901 the first volume of " The Spanish Settlements within the Present Limits of the 
United Stales, 1513-1501" was published. The \ery kindly and appreciative way 
in which it was received helped my brother to continue with more ardor, and, our 



PREFATORY NOTE V 

home in Washington having been broken up, he went abroad to study his subject in 
the archives of Mexico, Madrid. Seville, London, Paris, etc. Wherever his extended 
travels led him, he hunted for maps and books that could throw light upon his work. 
Russia, Italy, Belgium, as well as Spain, all furnished contributions; he was inde- 
fatigable. Oh! the maps I have helped him index, admiring with him their beauti- 
fully engraved medallions, and sympathizing with the joy of such rare findings! 

The winter in Seville was a long delight. The hours spent in the noble "Archives 
de Indias," the endless bundles of mss. unojjened for centuries, and full of all that 
an historical heart longed for, the study of paleography in order to unravel their mys- 
teries, the notes taken in the room adjoining the archives, at tables elbow to elbow 
with barefooted joWal friars, always ready for an historical joke, and then the late 
afternoons, watching the river and the beautiful lights and the ethereal Giralda,— 
how he loved it and painted it and wrote to it, as to something alive! 

Returning to Washington he published in 190.5 the second volume of the " Spanish 
Settlements," embracing the history of Florida from 1562 to 1574. Many rev-iews of 
this volume came to him during the last winter of his life in Rome, but he considered 
them more kindly than critical and said he could not judge of the faults or merits of 
his work until more authoritative and severe critics should have spoken. These criti- 
cisms came, and were full of appreciation not only of his style, but of the painstaking, 
conscientious manner of his work, its thoroughness and original research. The Nation 
of March 15, 1906, says: 

"Mr. Lowery has taken up his task, not only in a most dignified manner, but also 
with a thoroughly practical sense, and with full consciou.sness of his obligation to be 
impartial. Even where his always well fortified conclusions are at variance with 
those of his predecessors, they are presented in an impersonal manner. Our author 
quietly gives positive data, lea^^ng in doubt what he cannot prove in an irrefutable 
manner, and courteously tolerating every dissenting opinion . . . He is absolutely free 
from pedantr)', as well as from imaginative rashness. Some of his predecessors (Park- 
man, for instance) foreshadowed all this, but in their time access was lacking to the 
sources of information, the number and variety of which Mr. Lowery now places before 
us. The same may be said in regard to their partisanship. Could they have known 
more, their work, at least the work of some of them, would have .shown a different 
spirit, for most of them were honest and sincere and painstaking men, imbued with 
a desire to do historical justice. This is manifestly the way in which Mr. Lowery 
looks at their productions ..." etc. 

When I took these and other last articles to Taonnina hoping for the delight of 
showing them to my brother, his Spirit had already left this world. 

As he followed his path among the various Archives, he was charmed with their 
unexplored richness and promised himself much research and writing at some future 
day. 

He came to Europe with me, expecting to return home in the autumn of 1906 to 
resume work. He had a number of notes for several volumes, which unfortunately 
are insufficient, unless more can be found among his papers, to enable another person 
to continue his work. 

His hope was that his efforts should help others who cared to follow in his footsteps, 
and he desired to make accessible all sources from which he had profited. With this 
object he has left his fine collection of maps and books relating to hLs accomplished 
work to the Congressional Library, hoping they might there be most accessible to 
students. 

This is a poor outline of a Ufe good and perfect, of one who never had an enemy, 
and who never committed a wrong action, who brought sunshine and concord wherever 
he went, who was devotedly loved by his family and friends, and to whom old people 
and children and lonely people turned. 



VI PKEFATOEY NOTE 

Towards himself he wag exacting and self-denying, but not towards others; he had 
besides that spiritual tendency which seems to be inherited from his Puritan ancestry, 
following a high moral code so difficult to practice in the midst of the world. 

A devoted son, brother and friend, pure in heart and lofty in sentiment, his life waa 
led in the light of the highest aspirations and has shed hope, faith and love on those 
he has left. 

I have much charming and varied manuscript of his, written only for amusement 
and of course never published. 

He had a strong sense of patriotism, and I have seen his eyes light up and seem to 
burn over the events which caused our civil war. 

The monograph describes 750 maps, of wliich there are 306 in the 
Lowery collection of maps, 206 not in tlie collection but in the Map 
Division of the Libiary, and 184 in neither one nor the other. While 
this work was in preparation, efforts were made to secure photograpliic 
reproductions from the originals in Paris, London, and elsewhere to 
supply these omissions. Some have been received and mentioned, 
while others will, no doubt, be obtained to increase the collection but 
not in time to be described in this edition of the work. 

The "Descriptive List" fills an important gap in describing the 
maps relating to tlie Spanish settlements not only in the United States 
but in Nortli America as a whole. Incidentally the most important 
maps relating to the world, America, Mexico, and the separate 
provinces of Sonora and Lower California are described, as they 
more or less touch upon the main subject. 

That the collection and descriptive text were incidentally to be 
used in connection with Mr. Lowery's unfinished work entitled 
" The Spanisli settlements within the present limits of the United 
States," is evidenced in both. Combined, however, with the collec- 
tion in the Library of Congress and additional information contained 
in the notes, the most important material has been brought to 
the attention of the student. 

The Editor of this work had many conversations with Mr. Lowery on 
the cartography of the region wliich he describes, and feels that his 
point of view in regard to the publication has been substantially 
followed. 

Some differences in dates assigned to maps may be observed. 
These, perhaps, may result from the fact that the dates given by Mr. 
Lowery were based upon geographical information, while the Editor, 
in identifying the source of the separate maps, has given in notes 
the dates substantiated bibliographically. 

The Editor has made but few changes in titles. He is responsible 
for the arrangement, Mhich includes correct name of authors with 
birth and death, for all the notes following titles, and for the author 
list, title list, and general index. The titles are each numbered, and 
the initials preceding indicate that the map described is in the 
Lowery collection or in the collection of the Library of Congress, as 



PREFATORY NOTE VII 

the case may be. Xiirabcrs witliout initials indicate tliat the maps 
are not in either. 

The title page selected by the Author is reproduced from Hendrik 
Doncker's De Zee-atlas, 1660, a copy of which is in the Library of 
Congress. 

After this work had gone to press, the Editor's attention was brought 
to a collection of manuscript maps, original and copied, by Johann 
Georg Kohl, in the collection of the United States Coast and Geodetic 
Survey,' wliich is so pertinent to the subject discussed and to its com-, 
pleteness, that the titles are here copied: 

Map of the Discovery of the East Coast of the United States. Compiled for the use 
of the U. S. Coast Survey Office by J. G. Kohl. 1856. 47 x 26 inches. 

Map showing the Progress of Discovery on the West Coast of the U. S. and Vancouver 
Island composed by J. G. Kohl. 1857. 34i x 17J inches. 

The following 101 maps are on 30 sheets; number of maps on a sheet varying from 
one to eight. Size of each map varies from 2\ x 3A to 7J x 10* inches. Colored. 

PI. I. Maps of the West Coast before the Discovery of California. 

A. From a Manuscript Map of the British Museum 1530. [Mexico] 

B. Mexico and Japan about 1540. 

c. Rotz's Mexico no [sic\ California 1542. 
" 11. Maps between 1530-1578. 

1. Domingo del Castillo Piloto me fecit en Ano del Xacimiento de N. S. Jesu 

Christo de mdxu. [California and Mexico] 

2. A Portuguese Map of California by J. Freire. 1.546. 

3. The Coast of California by J. Freire. 1546. 

4. From theNewWorldof I.Gastaldi. 1560. [North America. West coast] 
" m. Maps from 1.530-1578. 

5. From Zaltieri's map of America. 1566. 

6. Mexico and California by the Cosmographer Diego. 1568. 

7. California of J. Martines. 1578. 

1. California by M. I,ock. [Michael Lock] 1582. 
" rv. Maps from 1578-1697. 

2. New Albion by Molineux. 1592. 

3. The Kingdom of Quivira by C. de Judaeis. 1593. [North America. 

West coast] 

4. From the Great Map of the World from Hakluyt. 1598. [North America] 

5. Map of the Discoveries of Viscayno. 1602. [California] 
" V. Maps from 1578-1697. 

6. California by Sanson. 1656. 

7. The Californian Gulf by Coronelli. 1691. 

8. The Country of Yesso after Lugtenburg. 1706. 

a. Discoveries of the Jesuit E. F. Kino. 1701. [Lower California and 

Mexico] 
" VI. Maps from 169771769. 

b. The River of the West by Bellin. 1748. [Columbia river] 

c. Map of the supposed Discoveries of De Fonte by P. Buache. 17.50. 

[North America. West coast] 

d. A Spanish map which Anson took, 1743, and copied by Venegas. 1757. 

[CaUfomia] 

e. A Spanish map of California taken by Anson, 1743, and published accord- 

ing to Act of Parliament by Jefferys Geoghr. 

' These maps by Kohl have since been transferred to the Librarj' of Congress. 



n PREFATORY NOTE 

vn. Maps from 1697-1769. 

/. From the Map of the Academy of Petersburg. 1758. 
g. California by Antonio Alzate. 1772. 

h. The N. W. Coast after Engel, Vaugondy & Buache. 177.5. 
vni. 

1. Chart of Upper California by Miguel Costanso. 1770. 
IX. Maps from 1769-1794. 

2. Expedition of Bodega and Hezeta. 1775. [California] 

3. Map and Route of Junipero Serra to San Francisco. 1776. [California] 

4. Cook's map of the N. W. Coast. 1776. 

5. The map of Bodega after Harrington. 1780. [North .Vmerica. Westcoaat] 
X. Maps between 1769-1794. 

6. Map of California by Maacaro. 1782. 

7. La Perouse's Survey Voyage. 1786. [California] 

8. Settlementa and Travels of the Franciscan Missionaries. 1787. [Cali- 

fornia, Lower California, and Mexico] 
■9. Dixon's discoveries to the North of Vancouvert's laid. 1787. 
XI. Maps from 1697-1794. 

10. Meares' Voyages on the Coast of Vancouver Isld. and Oregon. 1788. 

11. Capt: Meares' map of Vancouver's Island. 1790. 

12. De la Borde's map of comparison. 1790. [North America. West coast] 

13. From the French Captain Marchand's map. 1792. [North America. 

West coast] 
XII. Maps from [1769]-1794. 

14. Spanish discoveries up to the year 1791. [North America. \\'est coast] 

15. Vancouver's Island by Ingraham. 1792. 

16. Coast of California after Gray. 1792. 

17. Vancouver's discoveries on the N. W. Coast of America. 1792-1794. 
XIII. Maps from [1769]-1794. 

18. Quadra & Vancouver's Isld after Vancouver. 1792. 

19. Vancouver Island after Galiano & Valdes. 1792. 

20. Vancouver's Survey of California. 1794. 

21. California by Galiano & Valdes. 1802. 
XIV. Maps from 1794-1850. 

22. De Fuca's Strait from the Atlas maritimo, Madrid. 1795. 

1. California from Tanner's map. 1829. 

2. Extend of Capt: Belcher's Survey on the West Coast. 1837-1839. 
XV. Maps from 1794-1850. 

3. Map of Mr. Duflot de Mofras. 1844. [North America. West coast] 

4. Map of Capt: Charles Wilkes U. S. N. 1841. [North America. West 

Note: Both maps on one sheet. 
XVI. Maps from 1790-1850. 

5. Russian Geography of the Coast near Bodega Harbor, 1S40. 

6. Greenhow's map of the West Coast. 1844. 

7. McArthur's Survey of the California Coast. 1850. 

A. 

1. The East Coast of NA from Juan de la Cosa map. 1500. 

2. From the Edition of Ptolomaeus: Rome. 1508. 

3. The Antilles from the Ed; of Ptolomaeus of the Year 1513. 

4. From the Globus of J. Schoeuer. 1520(?) [North America. East coast] 

B. 

5. After a Spanish Map of the Year 1520. [Gulf of Mexico. Coast] 

6. After a Spanish Map of the Mexican Gulf. 1521. 



PREFATORY NOTE IX 

7. From the map of (he Wnrl.l !>y Dio-o Hibero. 1529. [Gulf of Mexico. 

Coast] 

8. La neiifve Espasiio bv NMc. Vullard de IHeppe. 1547. [Gulf of Mexico. 

Coa.-t] 

9. From a Manuscript Map in Oxford. 155(?) [Gulf of Mexico. Coast] 

10. The Mexican Gulf after a French Map of [1555?] [Gulf of Mexico. 

Coast] 

11. From a Map on the Work of Gomara. 1554. [Gulf of Mexico. Coast] 

12. French Map made for King Henry II. 1556. [Gulf of Mexico. Coast] 

13. From a map of Mexico by Diego Homen. 1553. 

14. Niova Spagna by J. Martines of Messina. 1578. [Mexico and Florida] 

15. From a map of North America by J. Dee. 1580. 

IG. From De Bry's map in the year 1594. [Gulf of Mexico. Florida] 

17. Florida and Apalache by Wytfliet. 1597. [Gulf of Mexico. Coast] 

18. Florida by Herrera. 1600. 

19. La Florida by H. Chiaves. 1601. 

20. Golfo de Nueva Espana by Laet. 1633. 

21. La Floride Espagnole by Sanson d'Abbeville. 1656. 

22. The Gulf of Mexico by J. B. L. Franquelin. 1688. 

23. Louisiana by Guill. de I'Isle. 1719. 

24. Carte de la Louisiane par le Sr. d'Anv-ille Dressee en May 1732, 

publiSe en 1752 

25. "Partie de la Costa de la Louisiane" by N. Bellin. 1744. 

26. The Coast of Louisiane by N. Bellin. 1744. 

27. Carte Reduite des Costas de la LouL-fiane et de la Floride by le Sieur 

Bellin Ingenieur de la Marine. 1764. 

28. Texas by Don Jas de Escandon. 1747. 

29 . T. Jeffreys [sic] Florida. 1763. 

30. From a Spanish manuscript map of the year 1765. [Gulf of Mexico. 

Coast] 

31. Florida by Jefferys. 1769. 

[Note: Plate J wanting] 

32. Map of the Eastern Part of the Gulf of Mexico by B. Romans. 1774. 

33. Carta esferica del Seno Mexicano construida en el deposito hydro- 

grafico de Marina par Don Juan de Langara. 1799. 

34. The Gulf of Mexico after Humboldt and others by J. B. Poirson. 1811. 

[Xote: No. xxxv wanting] 

36. A Spanish Manuscript map of 1813(?) [Gulf of Mexico. Coast] 

37. A Mexican Map of Texas by Don Jos6 Sanchez. 1840. 

37. The Delta of the Mississippi by le Sieur Divon? 1725? 

38. The Mississippi Passes by N. Bellin. 1744. 

39. The Delta of the Mississippi. French Go vernm. map. 1764. 



PREFATOKY NOTE 



40. Charlotte Harbour by Romans. 1774. 

41. Ponce de L6on Bay by Romans. 1774. 

42. Plan de la Baye de Pansacola by N. Bellin. 1774. 

43. Harbour of Pansacola. Span. Portulano. 1818. 

44. Bay of Tampa. Span. Portulano. 1818. 

45. Bay of Mo\-ila. Span. Portulano. 1818. 

46. Bay of Galvez-Town. Span. Portulano. 1818. 

47. Bay of S. Bernardo. Span. Portulano. 1818. 



Herbert Putnam 

Librarian of Congress 

Washington, January, 1912 



P. Lee Phillips 
CJiief, Division of Maps and Charts 



DESCRIPTIVE LIST OF 
MAPS OF THE SPANISH POSSESSIONS WITHIN 
THE PRESENT LIMITS OF THE UNITED 
STATES, 1502-1820. 

By WOODBUKY LOWERY. 

15-- 

The Florida PeninsxUa (One sheet) — The West Florida coast 

(One sheet) Ms. Without name, title or date. 

Original in Bibliotheque du Havre. Copy in: Fragments d'un 
atlas en xiii files., xvi" siecle. Reproductions photographiques 
des Antilles et du Golfe du Mexique. 35 x 24 cms. Bibl. Nat. des 
Cartes. GeDD 442. Xos. 27 and 29 in Quatrieme Centenaire de la 
Decouverte de L'Amerique. Catalogue des Documents geogra- 
phiques exposes a la . . . Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. 
Henry Harrisse in his The Discovery of North America, London and 
Paris, 1892, pp. 601-607, treats of tliis "Havre Catalan Atlas" as he 
calls it, wliich he places imder the year 1534. Page 602, he gives 
"Rio de Juan Ponce" as new in place oi Baya de Juan Ponce. "Our 
conclusion is that the Havre Atlas proceeds from a prototype 
which was constructed with Lusitano-Spanish maps of about the 
year 1527 for the regions north of the Equator." (p. 607) 1* 

Note. — The description of this map is found in the catalogue compiled by 
Gabriel Marcel, of which the following is the correct title: Quatrihne cenUnaire 
de la decouverte de VAmmque. Catalogue des documents geographiques exposes 4 
la section des cartes et plans de la Biblioihique nationale. 77 pp. 8° . Paris, J. 
Maisonneuve, 1892. Nos. 27 and 29 have the following title: Fragments d'un 
atlas mannscrit en xiii f^^' de la Bihliothique de Havre, xri' siicle. — Reproduc- 
tions photographiques des Antilles et du golfe du Mexique, de 0,35, sur 0,24. 
See notice of Gabriel Marcel by Lucien Gallois, in Annates de geographie. IS 
mars 1909, v. IS, pp. 1S'3~1S3. 

1502-1504 
Canerio, Nicolo de. 

Map of the world. LC 2 

Note. — "This important map was discovered Bome years ago in 'Les archives 
du service hydrographique de la marine' of Paris by L. Gallois and described in a 
special paper: Une nouvelle carte marine du xvi" sihcle, le portulan de Nicolas de 
Canerio (Bull, de la Soc. de geog., Lyon, 1890) In this Gallois gives an imper- 

* Numbers following titles, without initials indicate that the maps are not in the Lowery collection 
(WL) nor in the Library of Congress (LC) Notes following titles are by the Editor. 



4 • LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Canerio, Nicolo de — Continued. 

feet representation of the map. Later on a part of it was reproduced in pho- 
togravure by G. Marcel: Reproductions de cartes et de globes, relatives 4 la decou- 
verte de VAmerique, Paris, 1893. It is of large size (2,25 X 1,15m.) cleverly 
drawn on parchment in usual portolano style, undated but signed: 'Opua 
Nicolay de Canerio Januensis.' On the left side the degrees of latitude are 
given, but there are no degrees of longitude. As no hint is given of discoveries 
made after 1502, Gallois ascribes the map, or the Portuguese original which 
may have been copied, to that year. Canerio's and Cantino'a map of the world 
and Hamy's portolano are the first ones provided with a system of wind-roses." 
Consult Nordenskiold, Periplus. 1897, p. 150. 

Besides the above reproduction in Marcel's Reproductions de cartes et de globes 
. . . Paris, 1893, the Library of Congress has the text accompanying this work 
which describes the map. A complete description of this collection is found 
in title 1138 of Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 

A reproduction with description, of the american portion is also found in 
Kretschmer's Die entdechung Amerika's in ihrer bedeulung filr die geschichte des 
weltbildes . . . Berlin, W. U. Kuhl [etc.] 1892. pt. 8, no. 1, entitled: Karte 
des Nicolaus de Caneiro nach 1502. Nach Gallois. 

The above-mentioned article of Gallois is reviewed by Ruge in Petermanns 
mitteilungen, 1892,v. 3S: Geo -jraphischer litteratur-bericht fUr 1892. p. 8. title 35. 
Besides the above references, the Library of Congress has the following: 
Marine world chart of Nicolo de Canerio Januensis 1502 (circa) A critical study, 
with facsimile, by Edward Luther Stevenson. . . Issued under the joint auspices 
of the American geographical society and the Hispanic society of America. 115 
[1] pp. front., illus., maps, charts, 89, and atlas of 11 facsiin., 70 x 50cm. New 
York [De Vinne press] 1907-08. Atlas is dated 1907, and consists of the chart 
divided into 10 sections, with a key map. 

Tomaschek, Wilhelm. Vorder-und Hinlerindien narh den beiden veltkarten des 
Alberto Cantino und Nicolo de Canerio. 

[In Kaiserlich-konigliehe geographische gesellschaft in Wien. Miltheilungen. 
1897. 8°. Wien, 1897, V. 40. n. f, v. 30, pp. 366-380] 

1502 
Cantino, Alberto. 

Cantino map. Ms. 220 x 105 cms. Witliout name, date or 
title. 

Original in Biblioteca Estense, Modena. Photographic facsimile 
same size as original in Maps illustrating early Discovery and 
Exploration in America, by E. L. Stevenson, 1903, no. 1. Re- 
duced facsimile in Raccolta di Document! e Studi, Roma, 1S92, 
Parte iv, Vol. ii, where it is said (p. 108) that there is written on 
the map: "Carta da navigar per le isole novamente trovate en la 
parte de I'lndia dono Alberto Cantino al signor duca Hercole," 
from which, and a letter of Cantino giving the price he paid for it, 
is derived the name of "Cantino map." See Loweiy's Spanish 
Settlements 1513-1561, pp. 128-129. See also: Guiseppe Boni's 
Cunni storici della Reale Biblioteca Estense in Modena, Paris, 1873. 
Harrisse's Les Corte-Real, p. 77-90, 1883, with reproduction of 
American part (western half) in size and color of original. Harrisse'a 



THE LOWEEY COLLECTION 5 

The Discovery of North America, pp. 77-133; 422-425. 1892. 
Kretschmer's Die Entdeckung Amerika's. s. 372. Berlin, 1892. 
Vittore Bellio's Xotizia della piu antiche Carte Geografiche che si 
trovano in Itaha riguardanti TAmerica. Parte iv. Vol. ii. 
Roma, 1892. Shows Florida (?) peninsula, but without any 
names. The Gulf of Mexico does not extend west of Florida ( ?) 

LC3 

Note. — The Library of Congress has Harrisse's work entitled: Les Corte-Real 
. . . Paris, 1883, with reproduction, entitled: Carta da Nauigar per le Isole 
nouamff, tr. . . in le parte de VIndia: dono Alberto Cantino al S. Duta 
Hercole. — Fragment du planisphere envotjc de Lisbonnt a Hercule d'Este due de 
Ferrare avant le 19 novembre 1502 par Alberto Cantino. De la grandeur de 
Voriginal (Biblioteca Estense a Modene) col. 3S{'-> x 41^14. Imp. Becquet /res. et 
Simon. Paris, E. Leroux, editeur. — Caique sur Voriginal par mm. Malatesta, 
Zattera, et Antilli, professeurs a I'Ecole militaire de Modene, et reproduit en 
facsimile par Pilinski pere et Jils, pour I'ouvrage de m. Henry Harrisse, intitule 
Lcs Corte-Real et leurs voyages au Noveau Monde. 

The article by Vittore Bellio entitled: Xotizia delle piu antiche carte geografiche 
che si trovano in Italia riguardanti V America, in Raccolta di documenti e studi 
. . . Roma, 189.^, parte iv, vol. it, pp. 101-221, is to accompany the map 
above mentioned in the same work. For re\-iew by L. Gallois consult Annales 
de geographie, 1S9S-94, v. S, p. 46. 

In T. Fisher's Raccolta di mappamondo e carte nauiiche del xiii al xvi secolo. 
[Venezia] F. Ongania, 1S71~1SS1, collated in full in Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases, title 249, pt. 16 of this work was not then published. The title, how- 
ever, is given as follows in the prospectus: Carta da navigare per le isole nuova- 
mente trovate in la parte dell' Indie, attribuita a Alberto Cantino dell' anno 1501-03 
{S° rriaggio di Christoforo Colombo) 

The Stevenson reproduction is also described in title 1139 of Phillips' List of 
Geographical Atlases. 

The following is quoted from Nordenskiold's Facsimile-atlas, p. 63: 
"More important in this respect is a map sent to Hercules d'Este, the Duke of 
Ferrara, by Alberto Cantino, his ambassador in Lisbon, between the years 
1501 and 1505. The original is at present in the Biblioteca Estense in Modena. 
A facsimile has been published by Harrisse for his work Les Corte-Real et leuia 
voyages au Xouveau Monde, Paris, 1883, where a minute analysis of the map is 
given in Chapt. iv (p. 69-158) This map, or copies of it, has evidently been 
used for the first printed maps of the New \\'orld. It is of special interest in 
the cartography of the North, Greenland being represented on it with tolerable 
exactness, although too far to the east. Probably Cantino here followed a map 
of the Zamoiski type. But it seems, from a long legend on the east coast, that the 
Portuguese had also penetrated as far as to the vicinity of Cape Farewell." 
Also in his Periplus, p. 149-1-50: 

" Cantino's map of the world. A large planisphere, drawn on parchment in gold 
and colours (2,200 x 1,005 m) and signed: "Carta da nauigar per le Isole nouam" 
tr[ouate] in le parte de 1' India: dono Alberto Cantino al S. Duca Hercole." 
Cantino was an ambassador from Hercules d'Este, duke of Ferrara, to the King 
of Portugal. From a letter of Cantino, dated Rome, Nov. 19th, 1502, we learn 
that the map cost 12 ducats. In The discorerj of North America, p. 422-25, 
Harrisse relates the \'icissitudes of this important document. It was at first 
kept in the d'Estes Archives in Ferrara, then was taken to Modena, where it 
was pasted on a screen. Finally it fell into the hands of a pork butcher, where 



tJ LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Cantino, Alberto — Continued. 

it was discovered by Signor Boni, who took charge of the ill-treated and some- 
what tattered map and deposited it at the Biblioteca Estense. Ilarrisse has 
reproduced, as a separate print of full size, that part embracing the New World 
and, moreover, in the above-mentioned work (PI. vi and viri) gives repro- 
ductions on a reduced scale of the New World and the south coast of Asia. 
This reproduction shows that Cantino knew more of the Portuguese voyages of 
discovery than most other map designers of the first half of the sixteenth 
century." 

See also the reference to Cantino, under Canerio, by Wilhelm Tomaschek in 
note to title no. 2. 

In an article by Philipp Johann Josef Valentini, entitled: The Portuguese in 
the track of Columbus, published in the American geographical society of New 
York. Bulletin for 1899, pp. 56 and ISO, is the part of Cantino's map relating 
to America. 

1503 
Colombo, Bartolome. 

Map. Lc 4 

Note. — The following description of the map is from Nordenskiold's Periplus, 
p. 178: 

"Three sketch-maps which Fr. R. v. Wieser found as marginal drawings on a 
copy of a letter from Columbus when in Jamaica, dated July 7th, 1503. This 
copy is incorporated in a collection made by Alexander Strozzi of pamphlets 
concerning the early voyages of discovery to America, now in Biblioteca nazio- 
nale at Florence. These sketches Wieser thinks were derived from Bartholo- 
maeus Columbus (Die Karte des Bartolomeo Colombo fiber die vierte Reise 
des Admirals von Fr. R. v. Wieser, Innsbruck 1893; Mittheil. d. Institute f iir 
osterr. Gesch.-forschupg) They are formed of careless pen and ink sketches, 
which, however, cast a light on the opinion held by ('olumbus and his brothers 
concerning the distribution of land around the Atlantic. The map of Southern 
Asia is on the Ptolemaic pattern, with those modifications which the circum- 
navigation of Africa entailed. 'Calicut ' and some other places known from the 
Portuguese voyages are marked, but on a peninsula west of the Indus. The 
inscription at the equator on the map of Africa ('secondo Marino e Colombo da 
C. San Vicentio a Catticara g. 225, segondo ptolomeo infino a Cattigara g. 180') 
reminds us of the great geographical problems of the 15th century, so differently 
answered by different geographers." 

For a description of the work in which these manuscript maps were found, see 
Nordenskiold's Facsimile-atlas, p. 38. 

The article of Wieser's which was originally published in the Mittheilungen 
des Instituts fiir oesterr. geschichtsforschung, containing facsimiles of the three 
supposed autograph maps of Bartholomew Columbu.s, was printed separately 
with the title: Die karte des Bartolomeo Colombo iiber die vierte reise des Admirals, 
14 pp., 3 pi., 12°. Innsbruck, 189J, a copy of which is in the Library of Congress. 
L. Gallois in a review, Anrrnks de geographie, 1893-94, v. 3, Bibliographie, p. 60, 
states : 

"Lora de son quatrifeme voyage, Colomb suivit la c6te de I'Am^rique centrale, 
explorant le fond du golfe du Mexique, pour trouver le passage qui devait le 
conduire aux Indes. Suivant I'usage, il determina quelque.'^-unes des positions 
de la cote et en dressa le portulan. II ^tait accompague de son plus jeune 
frdre, Bartolomeo, que nous savons avoir 6t^ bon cartographe. D'apres ua 
texte precis de Pierre Martyr, cette carte se trouvait en 1513 en possession de 
Fonseca, et il est dit expressement que Bartolomeo y avail travaille. Lorsque 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 7 

Colomb fut raort, Bartolomeo vint a Rome et fit des demarches auproa du pape. 
II lui demaiida son appui pour determiner le roi d'Espagne a envoyer une 
colonie sur lea cotes qu'il avait contribu^ a d^couvrir. II remettait en mgme 
temps i son frfere Ilieronimo, chanoine de Saint-Jean de Latran, une relation 
de son voyage avec une carte: 'Di sua mano uno disegnio de' litti di tal terre 
dove eron descripte i lochi, la conditione et natura et costumi et abiti di quelli 
popoli.' Fr^re Hieronimo donna plus tard la lettre et la ou les cartes a Strozzi, 
dont la collection est aujourd'hui a la Bibliotheque Nationale de Florence. 
Strozzi fit un extrait de la relation. Ce texte est connu des historiens de la 
geographic. Mais le dessin signale paraissait etre perdu. M. Wieser, en exa- 
minant le manuscrit qui contient le r<5sume de Strozzi, a trouve, inser^es au 
milieu d'un autre document, trois petites cartes manuscrites qu'il n'hesite 
pas a considerer, sinon comme I'oeuvTe de Bartolomeo lui-meme, du moins 
comme directement inspireesde son dessin. La premiere hypothfese rencontre 
une difficult^: le texte dit que la carte devait contenir des renseignements 
sur les moeurs et les costumes des indigenes, et les petites cartes ne donnent pas 
ces details. Mais, par leur nomenclature, par leur dessins elles correspondent 
parfaitement au texte de Strozzi. II est done tout a fait legitime d'admettre 
qu'elles sont directement inspirees de la carte de Colomb et de son Wre. Elles 
ont ete faites surtout pour montrer que cette cote etait voisine de I'lnde; et 
precisdment nous savons que Colomb, pendant ce quatrifeme voyage, croyait 
s'etre approche a dix-neuf joum^es du Gange. Bien que trffl rapidement 
ex^cuti^s, les croquis denotent encore chez leur auteiu- la preoccupation de 
marquer les distances. Les longitudes et les latitudes y sont indiquees. Une 
courte legende fait remarquer que revaluation de la longueur du degr^ n'est 
pas la meme chez Marin de Tyr que chez Ptolemee, c'^tait encore une des 
preoccupations de Colomb que cette evaluation de la longueur du degre, car, 
suivant la mesure adoptee, les Indes devaient etre plus ou moins eloignees. 
L'article de M. Wieser est ^crit avec cette meme concision et aussi cette con- 
naissance approfondis des textes qui distinguent ses travaux ant^rieurs. Les 
trois croquis sont donnes en fac-simile." 

Wieser's monograph is also reviewed by Ruge in Petermanns mitteilungen, 
1894, V. 40; GeograpUscher UteraturheTlcht fur 1894, pp. 143-144, title 560. 

1507 
Ruysch, Johann. 

Universalior cognoti orbis Tabula. 55.5x40.5 cms., including 
margin. lc 5 

Note. — The Library of Congress has a copy of the Ptolemy of 1508, which is a 
reissue of the 1507 edition, with a new title-page and the addition of the Ruysch 
map: Vniversalior cogniti orbis tabvla, ex recentibvs conferta observationibvs. 
See description of this atlas in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 357. 
The foOowing is partly from Xordenskiold's Facsimile-atlas, pp. 63-67: 
"The maps are uncolored and some of the signatures differently placed, other- 
wise there is no difference between the two editions. This edition is remark- 
able for containing, with the exception of the Waldseemiiller map, the first 
printed map showing any part of America. Johann Ruysch, a german, visited 
America and is supposed to have first published his map in this edition 
although there exist separate copies, showing no evidence of binding, which 
may have been issued a short time pre\'ious. Nordenskiold, Facsimile-atlas, 
p. 63, states: "This map was published among the tabulae novae in the edition 
of Ptolemaeus Romae, 1508, and its engraving was hardly finished before that 
year, as may be concluded from the following legend at Trapobane: Ad hanc 



8 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Ruysch, Johann — Continued. 

Lusilani naute navigarunt anno sahitis mdvii. Sometimes it is also inserted 
in the edition of 1507, without, however, being mentioned on the title page, on 
which, according to the custom of the period, a synopsis of the contents of the 
work ia given. But on the new title page, with which the edition of 1508 
was provided, this passage is printed : In hoc opere haec continentur: . . . Nova 
et universalior Orbis cogniti tabula loa Ruysch Gcrmano elaborata ..." p. 66. 
" The text of Beneventanus is introduced by a letter to the roman patri- 
cian Marianus Alterius, from which the remarkable information is obtained 
that Ruysch's map was printed before it was incorporated with the Ptolemy 
of 1508. At least this seems to be deducible from the . . . passage in Tosinus' 
letter, from which we also find that Beneventanus only wrote commentaries 
on the map and had nothing to do with its authorship . . ." 
The separate (Harvard, Barlow) copies of this map, showing no signs of ever 
having been bound, may support the above statement. There are two distinct 
copies of this map, one of which does not contain the legend, "Plisacvs Sinvs" 
off the eastern coast of Asia. This copy, unlike the Stevens, Santarem and Nor- 
denskiold reproductions, does not contain the legend. Nordenskiold notes, 
on the various copies examined by him, traces of successive corrections and 
emendations, e. g., on the long legend identifying Hispaniola with Sipangu. 
This map is sometimes found inserted in the 1507 edition. "The map of 
Ruysch forms an epoch in the development of cartography. [In addition to 
its american features] it is: 

(1) The first printed map of the world on which the discoveries of the Portu- 
guese along the coasts of Africa are laid down . . . 

(2) First published in print on which India is drawn as a triangular peninsula 
projecting from the south coast of Asia . . . 

(3) First printed map on which the delineation of the interior and eastern 
parts of Asia is no longer based exclusively on the material collected by Marinus 
of Tyre and Ptolemy more than a millenium previously . . . 

(4) First printed map on which, in conformity with the drawings on the porto- 
lanos, a tolerably correct direction is given to the northern coast of Africa . . . 

(5) First map published in print, which, following a correction made in the 
portolanos since the beginning of the 14th century, leaves out that excessive 
projection toward the east, which characterizes Ptolemy's map of the northern 
part of Scotland . . . 

(6) Greenland ia here for the first time drawn without being connected with 
Europe by a vast polar continent. . . The legends on the map are ... of a 
very high interest and form a more important contribution to the history of geog- 
raphy than many a bulky volume . . ." The "Orbis noua descriptio" is an 
extensive though not very important supplement consisting principally of a 
commentary on the Ruysch map and accounts of discoveries in the new world. 
A reproduction is numbered pi. 32, of Nordenskiold 's work above mentioned. 
Title 28 of the Kohl Collection now in the Library of Congress, described by 
Justin Winsor and edited by P. Lee Phillips, gives the following notice: 
"Dr. Kohl refers to Humboldt's introduction to Ghillany's Martin Behaim; 
Walckenaer's Rccherchcs geographiques sur Vintcrieur de I'A/rique septentrionale, 
and the Biographie uniierselle, vi, 207. 

"There are reproductions of the map in Santarem, Lelewel, and in various other 
places named in Winsor's Bibliog. of Ptolemy's Geog., sub anno 1508. kn 
original copy of the map is in Harvard college library. A section of the northern 
part is given in the Journal of the Amcr. geog. society, vol. xii, p. 179. Con- 
sult Stevens's Bibliotheca geog., no. S058. It ia thought that Ruysch used Colum- 
bus's draughts. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION V 

"Harrisse, Notes on Columbus, p. 56, thinks Ruysch'a map is referred to by 

Johannes Trithemus in a letter, aug. 12, 1507 (published in his Eputolae 

familiares, 1336) in which he complains that he could not afford to purchase 

a map of the new world for forty florins." 

See also Joachim Lelewel's Geographie du moyen-ige . . . Bruxelles, 1852-57, 

described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 252. 

A reproduction is also found in no. 9, pt. 3, of Rretchmer's Die entdeckung 

Amcrika's, also described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 11.36. 

Also a reproduction in Santarem's Essai sur I'hisioire de la cosmographie et la 

cartographic . . . Paris, 1849-52; a bibliographical description of this work is 

found in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 262. 

Reproductions are also found in: Ramon de la Sagra's Eistoriafisica, politica y 

natural de la isla de Cuba. Paris, 1842, v. 2, pi. 2. and in Friedrich Wilhelm 

Ghillany'a Geschichte des seefahrers ritter Martin Behaim. Niimberg, 185S. 

1511 

Anghiera, Pietro Martire d', 1455-1526. 

Map of the Gulf of Mexico and the West Indies. 32 x 225 cms. 
Without name, title or date. Latin text on the reverse. Fac- 
simile. 

In his Legatio Babilonica (Seville) 1511 (Martyr's first decade) 
See Harrisse's Bib. Americana Vetustissima, p. 125. See Harrisse's 
Discovery of North America, p. 475. Justin Winsor's Narr. and 
Crit. Hist. Am., Vol. ii, pp. 109-112, 224. wl 6 

Note. — The page which contains this map was extracted from: P. Marlyris 
angli mediolanensis opera Legatio babylonica Oceani dccas Poemata epigram- 
rruita Cum preuilegio. [Colophon] Empressum Hispali eO, summa diligencia 
per Jacobu corum berger aUmanu. Anno. Millessimo quingentessimo, xi. mese 
vero Aprili. 

Folio, seventy-four unnumbered leaves, text in gothic type ... On the recto 
of the forty-fifth leaf there is a map without title representing Cuba, His- 
paniola, Bermuda, and the coasts of Florida and Central America. There was 
another edition of 1511 which varies a little from this edition and contains no 
map. Not in Library of Congress. 

Xordenskiold gives a reproduction of this map in his Facsimile-atlas, p. 67,. 
and states, p. 68: 

' 'A map of the West Indies (fig. 38) inserted in some copies of P. Martyris angli 
mediolanensis opera. Legatio babylonica. Oceani decas. Poemata. Epigram- 
mata. (Colophon;) IJispali cum summa diligencia per lacobum Corumberger 
alemanum Anno Millesimo quingentesimo xi. 

"This map is rare. It has in vain been sought for in most copies of the very 
rare work for which it was intended. This circumstance is believed to be due 
to a suppression of the small drawing by the suspicious Spanish authorities. 
Notwithstanding its size and insignificant exterior, the map is of interest as the 
first printed Spanish map of some part of the New World, and perhaps also as 
the first (?) map printed in Spain. It is far more correct than other contem- 
porary maps of the West Indian islands, which is not astonishing, as Petrus 
Martyr d'Anghiera was personally acquainted with several of the great dis- 
coverers of the 15th and the beginning of the 16th century. For further biblio- 
graphical minutiae I may refer to the works of Humboldt, Harrisse, Winsor, 
and Carter-Brown already cited. A special monograph of Petrus MartjT, with. 
85241°— 12— II 



10 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Anghiera, Pietro Martire d', 1455-1526 — Continued. 

a facsimile of the map, was published by Hermann A. Schumacher, New 
York, 1879." 

The Library of Congress has a copy of Anghiera's work entitled Historia del' Indie 
Occidentali, Venecia, 1534, without the original map but with a facsimile repro- 
duction entitled : La carta uniuersale della terra ferma & hole delle occidetali . . . 
20i X 17 inches. 

In the Church Catalogue, compiled and annotated by George Watson Cole, 
V. 1, pp. 84-87, is a notice of the life of Anghiera with a detailed description of 
this work. 

The Carter-Brown Catalogue, v. 1, pp. 50-51, also describes this work and gives 
a reproduction of the map. 

For further information concerning Anghiera consult the following: 
Bernays, Jacob . Petrits Martyr Anglerius und sein opus epistolarum. xvi, S47 
pp. 8°. Strassburg, Triibner, 1S91. 

Reviewed by S. Ruge in Petermanns mitteilungen. 1S92. v. SS: Ceorjraphischer 
literaturberichtfiir 1S92. p. 7, title SI. 
Pennesi, Giuseppe. Pietro Martire d'Angliieri. 

[In Italy. Commissione colombiana . . . Raccolta di documei\ti e studi. fol. 
Roma, 1S94. v. 2, pi. 5, pp. 7-109] 

Schumacher, Herman Albert. Pelrus Marli/r der gegchichtsschreiber des weltnieeres . 
.Eine studie mil einer harle aus dein jahre 1510. x, 152 pp., 1 map. sm. 4°. New 
Yorl-, E. Steiger, 1819. 

1512-1519 
Vinci, Leonardo da, 1452-1519. 

Da Vinci map. Ms. Without name, title or date. From 
equator to pole, 13 cms. 

Original in the Queen's Collections at Windsor. Facsimiles with 
notes by R. H. Major in Archaelogia, vol. 40, pp. 1-40. 1866. Lon- 
don. See also Major's Prince Henry, p. 388. J. P. Richter, Liter- 
ary Works of Da Vinci, London, 1883. Narr. and Crit. Hist. Am. 
Vol. ir, p. 124, for the map and p. 234 for additional notes. 
Lowery's Spanish Settlements, 1513-1561. p. 158. Shows Florida 
as an island. i.c 7 

Note. — "A good representation of the geographical ideas prevailing in the 
period immediately preceding Magellan's circumnavigation of the earth, is 
further given by the globe-map, on a peculiar projection, found in a collection 
of drawings of Leonardo da Vinci and critically examined, in his usual masterly 
way, by R. H. Major (Memoir on a Mappemonde by Leonardo da Vinci, being 
the earliest map hitherto known containing the name of America; now in the 
Royal collection at Windsor, London, 1865) Major, who conjectures the date of 
the map to be 1512-14 (Winsor considers it to be one or two years later) has tried 
to prove that it was actually drawn by the great artist among whose papers it 
was discovered. From this circumstance a certain interest is attached to this 
insignificant sketch, which is in no wise distinguished by such accuracy and 
mastery in drawing, as might be expected from a map attributed to the great 
artist among whose papers it was found. It is, however, worthy of attention 
from a cartographical point of view, not merely on account of the remarkable 
projection, never before employed, but also because it is one of the first maps on 
which a south-polar-conlinent is laid down. It is likewise, if not the first, at 
least one of the first, mappemondes with the name America. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION H 

"That the da Vinci map is not an original drawing, but a careful copy of a 
globe, is ob\"ious from the way the inscriptions on the northern coast of South 
America have been intersected without any reasonable cause, so that parts of 
the names are written on one, parts on the other segment. This circumstance 
seems likewise to make it probable, that the copy is not a work of Leonardo 
himself, but by some ignorant though trustworthy clerk or copyist. For the 
rest the map de\nates considerably from all other maps of the beginning of the 
16th century, with regard as well to the inscriptions as to the outlines of the 
continents. That this map is based on Portuguese and not on Spanish originals 
appears to be deducible from the tolerably correct form of South Africa and 
from the outlines of the Indian peninsulas, which are here delineated more cor- 
rectly than on the maps of Ruysch, Sylvanus, Stobnicza, Bordone, and in all 
editions of Ptolemy, before that of Ruscelli of 1548." Consult Nordenskiold, 
Facsimile-atlas, pp. 76-77 (reproduction, p. 77) 

A reproduction of this map is also found in Rretchmer's Die entdeckung Ame- 
rika's. Atlas, pt. xi. no. 3, entitled : Glohus-karte des Leonardo da Vinci (urn 1515) 
Nach Wieser. See description of this work in Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases, title 1136. 

The following is quoted from Journal general de Vimprinierie et de la librarie, 
1S64, 23juillet, p. 118: 

"Mappemonde de Leonard de A'inci. — On a decouvert dans la collection royale 
du chateau de Windsor une Mappemonde de la Main de Leonard de Vinci. 
EUe est superieure par trois titres a toutes celles qui ont ete connuea jusqu'i 
ce jour. C'est la premiere qui porte le nom de TAmerique, la premiere qui 
demontre la separation qui existe entre le nouveau monde et I'Asie, comme aussi 
entre I'ile de Cuba et le Japon. C'est la premiere qui represente I'idee H'lin 
grand continent du Sud. On peut donner a cette mappemonde la date de 
1512. Les savants qui trouverent ce tr&or craignirent de ne pou\oir en prouver 
I'authenticite; car, comme on le sait, Leonard de Vinci avait I'habitude d'ecrire 
de droite a gauche; mais ce fait meme %'int ser\'ir de preuve, comme aussi la 
repetition d'une erreur commise primitivement dans I'original de I'ouvTage 
itaUen de Vespucci, le mot Abatia mis a la place de Bahia de Todos los Santos. 
Leonard de Vinci et Vespucci se trouvaient en rapport par la famille des Gia- 
condi; le premier consacra quatre annees au celebre portrait de Mona Lisa 
Giacondi, tandis que la narration du troisieme voyage du fameux na\'igateur 
fut traduite en latin par un Giacondi, I'architecte qui se rendit remarquable 
par la construction du pont Notre-Dame a Paris. Le nom d'Amerique fut 
d'abord adopte et eonsacre par I'impression dans la petite ^■i\\e de Saint-Die, 
en Lorraine, alors sous le patronage de Rene ii, due de Lorraine, roi titulaire de 
Jerusalem et de Sicile." Consult also the following: 
Decouverte d'une mappemonde de L eonard de Vinci, [arvon.] 
[In Societe de geographic. Bulletin. 1S64. 8°. Paris, A. Bertrand, 1864. 
5'serie. v. 8, p. 130] 

Fiorini, Matteo. II mappemonde di Leonardo da Vinci ed altre consimili mappe. 
[In Revista geograjica italiana. Aprile, 1894. 8°. Roma, soeieta editrice Dante 
Alighieri, 1894. v. 1,/acs. 4, pp. 213-22.3] 

Major, Richard Henry. Memoir on a mappemonde by Leonardo da Vinci, being 
the earliest map hitherto known containing the name of America: [1513-1514] 
now in the royal collection at Windsor. Communicated to the Society of antiquaries. 
1 p. I., 36 pp., 2 maps. 4°. London, J. B. Nichols & son, 1865. From 
Archasologia, vol. 40. 

Oberhummer, Eugene. Leonardo da Vinci and the art of the renaissance in its 
relation to geography. 

[In Royal geographical society. Journal. May, 1909. 8°. London, society, 
1909. V. 33, pp. 540-569] 



12 LIBEAEY OF CONGRESS 

1512 
Stobnicza, Joannes de. 

Map of the New World. 37.3 x 26.2 cms. lc 8 

Note. — The work from which this map is taken is entitled: Introduclio in 
clandii ptholomei Cosmographiam . . . 1512. A copy i.s in the Library of Con- 
gress with map in facsimile. A description is contained in Harrisse's Bibliotheca 
americana vetuslissima, p. 128; also in the Carter-Brown Catalogue, v. 1, pp. 
53-55, with a reproduction. 

A reproduction in Kretschmer's Atlas, pi. 10, no. 2, with title: Karte des Joannes 
de Stobnicza, 1512. Nach Nordenskiold, with description in " Text," pp. 359 
and 364- The Library of Congress has also a reproduction in the Kohl Collection, 
no. 31. Consult Winsor's Kohl Collection in Library of Congress, edited by P. Lee 
Phillips, with the following note: 

"A facsimile of the rare map belonging to Johaimes de Stobnicza's Litroductio in 
Claudii Ptholomei Cosmographia, Cracovia, 1512. Kohl used the copy in the 
Munich library. There are other copies now known, and for notes of these, 
and other references, see Winsor's Bibliog. of Ptolemy's Geography, sub anno 
1512. There are facsimiles of the map in whole or in part in the Carter-Brown 
Catalogue, Narr. and Crit. Hist, of America, Hi, 13; and in Daly's Address on 
early cartography, p. 32" 

Nordenskiold in his Facsimile-atlas, pp. 68-69, states: 

"This map, printed from a very rude and badly executed wood-cut, occurs in 
a rare work, of which the complete title is: Introductio in Ptholomei Cosmogra- 
phiam cum longitudinibus et latitudinibus regionum et civitatum celebriorum. 
Epitoma Europe Bnee Silvii. Situs et distinctio parcium tocius Asie per 
bracia Tauri montis ex Asia Pij secundi. Particularior Maioris asie descriptio 
ex ejusdem Pij asia. Sirie compendiosa descriptio ex Isidoro. Africe brevis 
descriptio ex paulo orosio. Terre sancte et lu-bis Hierusalem apertior descriptio: 
fratris Anselmi ordinis Minorum de observancia etc. (Colophon:) Impressum 
Cracovie per Florianum Unglerium Anno Dni mdxii. 

"The name of the author is given in a dedication, loanni dei gracia Episcopo 
Posnaniensi. Beside the above cited edition there are two others, viz, Editio 
princeps, for the most part identical with the preceding one, save the last leaf, 
which is somewhat differently printed and without date; and an edition of 
1519, in which the numerous printer's errors and the faulty and capricious 
orthography of the previous editions are corrected. 

" None of the many copies of these three editions, which I have examined in the 
libraries of Scandinavia, Russia, and Poland, contained any map. But in the 
Imperial library at Vienna there is a copy of the edition of 1512 with a map. 
The Munich Library is also said to possess a copy of the same edition, with a 
map. It is possible that the map has been excluded from the work, on account 
of the rudeness of the wood-cut, or on account of its being contrary to the old 
doctrines of the church. But that it was originally intended for the 'Intro- 
ductio' is shown by the identity of the water-mark on the map with that on the 
paper employed for the text. The fac-simile here given on pi. xxxiv is a 
photolithographic copy of the original in Vienna. This map is, in spite of its 
rudeness, of great interest and importance to the early history of cartography, 
because: 

" 1st. North and South America are here drawn, for the first time, as two large 
continents connected by a long and narrow isthmus. It is the earliest printed 
map on which the newly discovered lands in the Atlantic are in their whole 
extent so separated from the Old World, that they may, with full reason, claim 
the name of Novus Orbis. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 13 

"2d. Stobniza's map, published one year before the 25th of September, 1513, 
when Vasco Nunez Balboa sighted the 'Mare del Sur ' from the mountains of 
the Isthmus of Darien, is the earliest on which the spa between Europe and 
Asia was di%'ided by the newly discovered continent into two almost equal 
oceans, communicating only in the extreme south and the extreme north. 
This complete breaking with the old theorj" of one single Ocean, surrounding 
Europe, Asia, and Africa, may to a certain extent be explained by the fact 
that coast-lines are here substituted for the large unfolded rolls with legends 
which occupy the western coast of America on Ruysch's map. Several details, 
however, seem to prove that Stobnicza, or the unknown author of the map in 
his Introductio, had had access to geographical reports unknown to Ruysch. 
The method here employed of indicating the western coast of America by a 
succession of straight lines, in order to denote that the delineation was con- 
jectural and not dependent on real observations, is worthy of note. 
"3d. There is no place on the map for a full extension of the new continent 
towards the south, but the coasts on both sides of its southern extremity are 
drawn in such a manner, that a southern communication between the two 
oceans evidently seems to have been admitted by the author. 
" 4th. On Stobnicza's map the surface of the earth is, for the first time, di^•ided 
into two hemispheres, each of which was laid down on the homeotor projection 
of Ptolemy. 

"The map is based on the map of the world in Ptolemaeus 1482 (the Mediter- 
ranean Sea, northern Europe and southern Asia) on the map of Ruysch (Africa 
and eastern Asia) and, as regards the West Indies, the Isthmus of Panama and 
North America, on data not before reproduced in printed maps. This map 
certainly has nothing in common with tabuLe novse of the world in the Ptolemy 
of 1513. The inscriptions on Stobnicza's map are often difficult to decipher. 
Those on the newly discovered lands alone have some interest. They appear 
to be: 

? de bona ventura. 

Isabella. 

Spagnolla. 

Arcay. 

Caput destado. 

Gorffo Spemosa. 

Caput S. Crucia. 

Monte Stegoso. 

AUa pego. 

Terra incognita. 
"At a considerable distance from the eastern coast of Africa two large islands are 
drawn, the northern designated by the name of Mardagascar, the southern by 
that of Zinzabar. The name of Madagascar is, though somewhat differently 
spelt, already found in Marco Polo, but here it is for the first time shown on a 
printed map. The name Menutias of Ptolemy is supposed to refer to this 
island. It is called Camarocada by Ruysch (1508) Comorbina by Sylvanus 
(1511) and Madagascar in Ptolemaeus 1513. When it was rediscovered in 1506 
by Ant. Gongalves, on the day of St. Laurence, it received the name of San 
Lorenzo, which, as far as I know, is first met with on a printed map on the heart- 
shaped map of Orontius Finseus of 1531 (X. T. xu) and on the Mappemonde 
in gores printed at Nuremberg in about 1540 (N. T. xl) 

"The copy of the map given on PI. xxxjv is a carefully photolithographed fac- 
simile. If the inscriptions are sometimes difficult to decipher and consist of 
letters with indistinct outlines, this is the fault of the original, which, with all 
its defects, is faithfully rendered by the copy." 



14 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1513 

Ptolemseus, Claudius. 

Tabvla terre nove. 37.8 x 28.8 cms. Without name or date. 
[In his Geographie opus nouissima traductione e Grecorum arche- 
typis castigatissime pressum. M. D. xiii] There is a facsimile in 
Le Premier Voyage de Amerigo Vespucci definitivement expUque 
dans ses details par F. A. de Varnhagen. Vienne, 1869. LC 9 

Note. — A copy of the edition of Ptolemy containing this map is in the Library 
of Congress and is described in title 359, of Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases. The map first appeared in this edition and is one of the earliest printed 
maps devoted entirely to the New World . In this edition isalso the map entitled : 
Orftis Typvs Vniversalis, which is a new map of the world first appearing in this 
edition. By some it is attributed to Columbus, hence the name "the Admiral's 
mop," and by others to Vespuccius. Nordenskiold states that this map is evi- 
dently of Portuguese origin and shows little advancement over the maps of 
Ruysch, Sylvanus, and Stobnicza. For a complete description, see his Fac- 
simile-atlas, pp. 69-70, where he explains the confusion existing among some 
writers between these two maps, as follows: "There further occurs another 
very common error, with respect to the new maps in this edition, namely, that 
the map 2, with the inscription Haec terra cum adjacentibus insults inventa est 
per Columbum lanuensem ex mandato regis Castellae, was connected with the 
. above cited, erroneously interpreted passage in the preface . . . per Admiralem 
Portugalix regis Ferdinandi, which map, accordingly, has been designated ' the 
Admiral's map.' 

" But the passage in question does not refer to the second but the first among the 
tabulae novK (N. T. xxxv) on the second title-page termed Bydrographia sive 
charta marini . . . More original and important is the second map enumerated 
on the title-page, among ' Particulares tabulse Europie,' under the name of 
Tahula Tcrrse Novx (N. T. xxxvi)" 

A reproduction is found in the Kohl Collection, no. 32, where it is described by 
Winsor as follows: 

"This is the 'Tabula Terre nove' of this edition, and Kohl points out that the 
names on the South American coast are carried no farther west than the extent 
of the voyage of Hojeda in 1499, and no farther south than Vespucius went in 
1503, while the connection, which is made between the northern and southern 
continents, must have been based on reports, without particulars. 
"This map, supposed to have been in some way connected with Columbus's own 
charts, is often called 'the admiral's map,' and its connection with Cabial and 
Vespucius has also been supposed. The maker of the map was Waldseemullcr 
or Hylacomylus, and Lelewel (n, 143) gives reasons for believing that it had 
been engraved and sold as early as 1507, having been made at the expense of 
Duke Rene ii; but the plate does not seem to have been used in any book till 
in this 1513 edition of Ptolemy. Lelewel supposes it to be in effect a Portu- 
guese chart made in 1501-1504, and engraves it as such (pi. 43) and it is known 
that La Cosa complained of the Portuguese frequenting the coast in 1503. 
Facsimiles of the map are given in Vamhagen's Premier Voyage de Vcspurci; 
Stevens's Hist, and geog. notes, pi. 2, and Narr. and Cril. Hist, of Amtr., iv, 
p. 34. Consult the references in Winsor's Bibliog. of Ptolemy's Geog., subanno 
1513. Of the other map in this Ptolemy, 'Orbistypus universalis,' Kohl gives no 
copy; but a facsimile can be found in Ruge's Geschichte des zeilalters dor 



THK LOWEKY COLLECTION 15 

entdeckuJigeii, Berlin, ISSl. It shows a part of South America, with the islands 
'Isabella' and 'SpagnoUa,' with a bit of coast to the north which seems to rep- 
resent the Cortereal regions. Greenland projects fiom Europe. Consult 
d'Avezac's Martin Uylacomylus WalUemuUer, scs ouvrages et ses collaboratcurs, 
Paris, 1S67, extracted from the Annales des voyages, 1866." 
Consult also: 

Carter-Brown Catalogue, r. 1, pp. 55-57. 
Harrisse, Bibliotheca americana velustissima, pp. l.S.3-137. 

A reproduction is al.<o found in Kretschmer, pt. 12, no. 1: Tabula Terrae Novae 
aus der Ptolemaeus-ausgabe von 151-1. Nach Varnhagen; with description in 
the "Text." 

1515? 

The Paris Green globe. Aiionymous. lc 10 

Note. — A reproduction of this globe is in Marcel's Reproductions, pi. 1, with 
the following description in " Text," p. 11: 

"C'est en 1S90, dans le Bulletin de geographie historique el descriptive, que j'ai 
public la premiere notice complete qui ait ^t6 faite eur le globe vert sous le 
titre suivant: Tin globe rrwnuscrit de I'ecole de Schoner. C'est incontestablement 
un des plus pr^cieux monuments que Ton possede de la cartographie des vingt 
premieres annees du xvi" si^cle. 

" Achetee par feu M. le comte Riant, membre de I'Acad^mie des inscriptions, 
il y a une vingtaine d'ann^es, a Venise, k un libraire du nom de Bartholommeo 
Calore, avec un lot de differents objets qui provenaient d'une famille patricienne, 
les Quirini, la sphere qui nous occupe est entree a la Section geographique de la 
Bibliotheque Nationale, a qui elle fut cedee par M. Riant, au mois d'avril 
1879 et porte le numero C. 21029. 

"Le globe vert est en bois, mais il est revgtu d'lin trfea mince enduit de platre 
fin. Son diametre est de 0"", 24; c'est dire qu'il difffere fort pen, comme 
gro.«seur, des deux spheres de Schoner conserv^es a Weimar et a Francfort- 
siu--le-Main et qui, toutes deux, ont 0™, 27 de diametre." 

A full description of this work is in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 
564. 

Consult the following references: 

Marcel, Gabriel. Un globe manuscrit de I'ecole de Schoener. 

[In France. Ministere de Vinstruction publique des beaux-arts. Comile des 
travaux historiques et scientifiques. Bulletin de geographie historique et descriptive. 
1889. 8°. Paris, 1890. pp. 17.3-179] 

"Etude d'un globe en bois qui appartient a la section des cartes de la B. N. 
II a 0™ 2i de diamMre et est revetu d'un enduit ayant environ un millimetre 
d'epaisseur. M. Marcel fixe entre 1513 et 1518 sa date de sa confection et 
pense qu'il pourrait etre de la main meme de Schoner." Consult L^on 
Vallee's La Bibliotheque nationale, p. 279. 

This article is also published in separate form and is also in iv « Congris inter- 
national des sciences geographiques, tenu a Paris en 1889. pp. 518-524. 
"Or, jusqu'ici, le globe de Boulengier d'Albi (1514) qui accompagne la contre- 
fafon de la Cosmographiae introductio de Waldseemuller, a pass6 pour la pre- 
mii're carte sur laquelle se trouve le nom: Amerique. Xous ne pouvons 
affirmer que notre globe soit antiSrieur a celui de Boulengier, mais il nous 
semble qu'on pent fixer entre 1514 et 1515 la date de sa confection; et, si ce 
n'est pas le premier document cartographique sur lequel se lise le mot Ameri- 
que, c'est vraisemblablement le second." 



16 LIBKAKY OF CONGRESS 

1515 
Schoner, Johannes. 

Weimar globe, no. 1. LO 11 

Note. — To accompany this globe is a work by Schoner, entitled: Lvcvlentis- 
sima qvaeda tcrrae totivs descriptio. Noribergx, loannis Stuckssen, 1515. 
"An exact dui)licate of the globe is still preserved at Frankfort-on-the-Main, 
and was reproduced by Jnmard in his Monuments de la geographu, pts. 15 and 
16. Folios 60-61 and 62 relate to America." Consult Church Catalogue, v. 1, 
p. 1515, no. 37; also title 80 of Harrisse's Bihliothcca americana vetustissima. 
A reproduction of this globe is also found in Konrad Kretschmer's Die cnt- 
deckung Amerika's . . . Atlas, pt. 11, no. 4; with description in " Text." "After 
the discovery of the New World, this continent was for the first time laid 
down on Leonardo da Vinci's globe and on Schoner's globe of 1515. Wieser 
has succeeded in identifying three copies still extant of this last-mentioned 
globe, viz., one in the library at Frankfurt o. M., reproduced by Jomabd, and 
two others at the military library in Weimar. As for the numerous reproduc- 
tions of this globe, and of the next one, I may refer the reader to Winsor, A 
bibliography of Ptolemy's Geography, p. 15. Unfortunately no exhaustive 
technical description of the globe is given by Wieser. He only mentions its 
diameter to be 0", 27, and that it i.s printed, not drawn by hand." Consult 
Nordenskiold, Facsimile-atlas, p. 79. 
Consult the following: 

Coote, Charles Henry. Bibliography o/ Schoner's works. 

[In Schoner, Johann. Johann Schoner, professor of mathematics at Nuremberg. 
A reproduction of his globe of 1523 long lost . . . 12°. London, H. Stevens, 
1888, pp. 147-170] 

Schottenloher, Karl von. Johann Schoner und seine hausdruckerei. 
[In Zentralblatt fiir bibliothekswesen. Begriindet von Otto Eartwig . April, 1907. 
8°. Leipzig, 0. Earrassowitz, 1907. v. 24, pp. 145-163] 
Johann Schoner [notice of his life and works] 

[In Doppelmayr, Johann Gabriel. Eistorische nachricht von den Niimbergischen 
mathematicis kilnstlem. fol. Niimberg, P. C. Monaths, 1730. pp. 45-50] 
Luksch, Josef. Zwei denkmaler alter kartographie ( Vorlaiifiger bericht) 
[InKaiserlich-koniglichegeographischegessellschaft. Wien. Mittheilungen. 1S86. 
Neuefolge 19. 8°. Wien, 1886. v. 29, pp. 364-373. 2 maps] 
Describes a map by Vesconte Majolo, Maiolo or Maggiolo, 1513, and a globe, 
presumably by Johannes Schoner, 1515. 
Biography. By Siegmund Gunther. 

[In Allgemeine deutsche biographie. 8°. Leipzig, 1891. v. 32, pp. 295-297] 
Vamhagen, Francisco Adolpho de. Jo. Schoner e P. ApjAanus (Bcnevitz) 
influencia de um e outro e de varios de seus contemporaneos na adopQoo do norm 
America; e primeiros globos e primeiros mappas-mundi com este name, etc. 
[In Institulo hislorico, geographico e ethnographico do Brasil. Revista trimensal. 
1872. 8°. Rio de Janeiro, 1872. v. 35. parte 2a. pp. 171-202] 
Wieser, Franz. Magalhdes-strasse und Austral-continent auf den globen des 
Johannes Schoner. vii, 122 pp., 1 I. 5 maps. 8°. Innsbruck, Wagner, 1881. 

1516-1520 

Munich - Portuguese map. Ms. Xo name, date or title. 
Go X 126 cms. Anonj'mous. 

Original in K. Ilof- und Staatsbibliothek-Munich. In Bib. Nat. 
Paris, copy of western part (America) in size and colors of orig. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 17 

There is a copy in Kiinstmaim's Atlas, often referred to as 
"Kunstmaim No. iv," which shows only about one-third of the 
whole map and omits place-names. Stevenson No. 5 facsimile 
same size as original. Facsimile pho. same size as original in 
Maps illustrating early discovery and exploration in America, by 
E. L. Stevenson, 1903, no. 5, who assigns date 1516-1520. See 
also Ilarrisse's The Discovery of North America, London and Paris, 
1892, p. 508, who thinks that portions of the map are "derived 
perhaps from Columbus' own chart," etc., & also his Jean and 
Sebastian Cabot, p. 167. Ruge's Die Entwickiung der Carto- 
graphic von America, p. 44. Kunstmann's Die Entdeckung 
Amerikasnach den aeltesten Quellen. Munich, 1859. Kohl's The 
Discovery of Maine, p. 179. Katalog ueber die in Kgl. bajrr. Ilaupt- 
Konservatorium der Armes befindlischen Landkarten und Plaene. 
Mimchen, 1832. S. 6 n. 7. .Shows Florida as "Terra Bimini." 
The ms. copy in the Bib. Nat. Paris, goes by the name of "Por- 
tulan Portugais," 16th cent.; is more highly ornamented and 
shows Florida as "Terra Bimene." (Florida) My photo, is 23 x 
17 cms. Harrisse (Dis. N. Am.) p. 508, places it under date 1520. 
Reproduced by Kretschmer (plate xii: 2) V. H. Paltsits in Am. 
Hist. Rev. vol. xx, p. 866 (July, 1905) says it is the first to 
designate Balboa's discovery of the Pacific. "The names of the 
Bahama Islands and South America seem to be dependent upon 
Spanish sources." wl 12 

Note. — All the above-mentioned works and reproductions are in the Library 
of Congress collection. 

1519? 

WoLfenbiittel Map A. Anonymous. lc 13 

Note. — This map includes the coast of Florida and the gulf of Mexico. 
In the Text and key maps describing Edward Luther Stevenson's Maps illus- 
trating early discovery and exploration in America 1502-1530 reproduced by photog- 
raphy from the original manuscripts, mention is made of this map as follows; 
"This Spanish map of the Sa%dllan type is preserved in the Herzog. BibUothek 
of Wolfenbiittel, Germany. It is composed of two large parchment sheets, the 
one 70 x 83 cm. in size, including the New World, the other 58 x 83 cm. includ- 
ing a part of China and the East Indies. The black band appearing on the left 
of sheets 2 and 4 in the reproduction is not that of an original border, but of a 
metal strip, which has been attached to prevent the creasing of the parchment. 
Such a metal strip binds the border on the right of the sheets here reproduced 
as 1 and 3. The map is in color and in a good state of preservation; most of the 
names appearing can be easily read." 

It ^\'ill be noted that Stevenson gives the date 1525-30 to this map. 
Consult also his Early Spanish cartography of the New World, 53 pp., maps 
(1 fold.) Worcester, Mass., the Davis press, 1909. 
85241°— 12 2 



18 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1519 



de las castas de Tierra Jirme descubiertas por Juan Ponce, 
Francisco de Garay, Diego Velasquez, &c. Ms. No name or title. 
AnonjTiious. 43 x 31 cms. Original in Arch. Genl. de Indias, 
Sevilla. Est. 1; Caj. 1; Leg. 1/26. Ro. 16. Endorsed "1519." 
No. 5 of Lanzas "Mapas de Mexico y Florida, Tomo I. This is 
probably the Pineda map which immediately follows. It includes 
the Gulf of Mexico from Florida to Nombre de Dios. 14 

1519 
Pineda, Alonzo Alvarez de. 

Traza de las costas de Tierra-firme y de las Tierras Nuevas. 
Without name. Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Leg. 
I de Descubrimientos en tierra-firme de 1500 & 1595. There is a 
copy with the above title in Navarrete, vol. iii, p. 147, which is 
29 X 20.4 cms., and where it forms part of the Real Cedula dando 
facultad a Francisco de Garay . . . Burgos, 1521. Norden- 
skiold in his Periplus, p. 179, gives the date of 1519. It is repro- 
duced in Buckingham Smith's Cabeca de Vaca, Edit. 1851 ; in Narr. 
and Grit. Hist. Am., Vol. ii; and see Lowery's .Spanish settlements, 
1513-1561, p. 151, note. It shows Florida with legends. 

IX 15 
Note. — Nordenskiijld's Periplus, p. 179, contains a small reproduction of this 
map, stating: 

"Special map of the gulf of Mexico (0.43 x 0.22 m.) laid down by Pineda at the 
command of Francisco de Garay, The original still exists in the Indian 
Archives of Seville. A copy is given in Navarrete's Coleccioii de viages, iii, 
p. 14S. Compare Harrisse, Dis. of N. Am., pp. 152 and 502, as also Kretschmer 
p. 391 and pi. xiv, 6." 

For a considerable description of this map with information as to where the 
various reproductions are foimd consult Harrisse's Discovery of North America, 
p. 152 and 502-503. 
Winsor states the following in the text describing the Kohl Collection, title 247. 

247. "The map published by Navarrete in his Colecdon, in, is reproduced in 
the Nar. and Crit. Hist. America, ii, p. 218, and in Weise's Discoveries of America, 
p. 278. 

" This is the earliest special map of the gulf, and the first to delineate it with 
approximate accuracy, and bears the title Traza de Costas de Tierra-firme y 
las tierras nuevas. 

Consult the map of Ayllon's explorations, sketched in the Nar. and Crit. 
Hist. America, II, p. 285. 

248. "The original engraving of this chart appeared in a letter of Cortes, 
addressed to the Emperor, and printed at Nuremberg in 1524. Kohl thinks it 
shows the explorations of Garay, and does not embody any of those of Cortes- 
himself. lie says it is the earliest map to show the name Florida. It 
may have been made about the time of no. 247. It is reproduced in Stevens' 
Amer. Bibliographer, p. 86; in his Notes, etc., pi. iv; and in the Nar. and Crit. 
Hist. America, n, p. 404. It has an uncertain passage to the west, by which 
Yucatan is made an i.sland, of which there is an indication in no. 247, and unmis- 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 19 

takable expression in the Maiollo map of 1527 (ante, under no. 39) and is sug- 
gested in a map by Friess (post, no. 371) Later maps, like the Verrazano, 
1529 {ante, under no. 42) Ribero, 1529 (ante, no. 41) the Lennox wood-cut, 
1534 (ante, no. 47, since reproduced in the Xar. and Crit. Eist. Atnerica, n, p. 
223) the British Museum map of 1536 (post, no, 251) make Yucatan insular, 
but do not carry the passage to the western sea." 

The map entitled: Zee en land toglen der Franszen dedaan na, en in 't Americaans 
geuest ran Florida, aller-eerst door loh. Pontius ontdeht, found in van der Aa'a 
Atlas Nourcau et Curieux [1728] and in Verscheyde scheeps-togten na Florida, 
door Ponliits, Ribald, Laudoniirc, Gourgues en andere: gcdaan in het jaar 1562, 
en vervolgens. Lcyden, 1706, takes in the coast of Horida without any geo- 
graphical information. 
Both these works are in the Library of Congre.'-s. 

1520 

Schoner, Johannes. 

The Schoner globe. Diameter 86.6 cm.s. lc 16 

Note. — "A globe by Schoner, draxun by hand, dated 1520, and preserved at the 
town-library of Nuremberg. This large globe, of which the diameter is 0,"'866, 
was described by Jlinr (Dipl. Gesch. Bchaims, 2d edit., p. 47) It is critically 
examined and more or less completely copied by Lelewel, Ghillany, Hum- 
boldt, Kohl (Discovay nf Maine, Portlaiid 1869, p. 15S) and others. Wiesek 
has also, in his often cited work, given a detailed account of it. Unfortunately 
the copies given, both by Ghillany and Wieser, only embrace the New Hemi- 
sphere. However the discoveries in the old hemisphere, in the beginning of 
the 16th centurj-, form an epoch of immense consequence to the development 
of that part of the world, which during several thousands of years previous to 
the discovery of the New World had been the centre of civilisation. It would 
be of no slight interest to get an accessible representation of the ideas respecting 
the distribution of land on the southern and eastern coasts of Asia which pre- 
vailed immediately before Magellan's circumnavigation. This globe has an 
advantage over those already mentioned, from its date being known. This 
may be deduced partly from the year 1520 being written in large golden letters 
at the South Polar-circle, and partly fi-om an inscription in the vicinity of 
the South-Pole, stating the globe to have been made at the expense of Joannes 
Seyler by Jo. Schoner quando salutiferi partus numeravimus annos mille et 
quinquenlos et quatuor addita lustra." Consult 'S ordenskolA, Facsimile-atlas, p. SO. 
" Only the American portion is given, but without comments. The globe is 
preserved at Nuremberg, and there are representations of it given in Kohl's 
Geschichte der entdeckungsreisen zur Magellan' s-strasse, Berlin, 1877, p. 8; in 
Harper's magazine, dec. 1882, p. 731; in Ghillany's Martin Behaim, Santarem, 
Lelewel, Wieser, etc. Consult references in Winsor's Bibliog. of Ptolemy's Geog., 
sub anno 1522," and Winsor's description of the Kohl Collection, no. -35. 
A reproduction of the American part is found in Kretchmer, Atlas, pt. 11, no. 4 
("Nach Wieser") also in Lelewel's Geographie du moyen-dge. Consult Phillips' 
List of Geographical Atlases, title 252. 

Harrisse in his Discovery of North America, has a notice of this globe, pp. 506-507. 
A reproduction of the west half of this globe is found in Friedrich Wilhelm 
Ghillany's Geschichte dcs seefahrers titter Martin Behaim . . . Nilmberg, 1853. 
Size 22 X 22 in., colored. , 

This was also reproduced in 1864 in Lippincott's geographical series with title: 
The uestcrn half of the globe constructed in 1520 by John Schoner, translated from 
the latin and published to accompany ' The geographical geography.' 



20 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Schoner, Johannes^Continued. 

Consult Ghillany, F. W. Der erdglobus des Martin Behaim vom jahre 1492 und 
der des Johann Schoner vomjahre 1520 . . . Eine abhandlung. Aus dem jahresbe- 
richte der technischen anstalten in Niimberg/iir 1842 besonders abgedruckt. 2 stein- 
drucht. 4°. Niirnberg, J. L. Schrag, 1S4'!. 

1520 

WaldseemuUer, Martin. 1470-1521 ? 

Tabula Terre Nove. 44.5 x 37 cms. lc 17 

Note. — The map described under this date with another entitled Orbis typvs 
vniversalis belonged to the Ptolemy published at Strasburg in 1520 by Johannes 
Schott and were printed from the same blocks as those of the Ptolemy of 
Aeszler and Uebelin in 1513. 

For this map of 1513 see title 9. A reproduction is also found in Francisco 
Adolpho de Varnhagen's Le premier vogage de Amerigo Vespucci. 
For references to the globes and maps of WaldseemuUer, consult Harrisse's Dis- 
covery of North America. 

"Martinus WaldseemuUer, Universalem navigatoriam (quam Marinam vulgo 
appellant) in Germania editam. Puto hunc eundem esse cum Ilacomilo prx- 
dicto. The only maps of Waldseemijlleh (Hylacomylus or Ilacomylus) 
extant are the maps of Ptolemaeus 1522, 1525, 1535 and Vienna 1541. They 
are all reduced copies of the maps in the edit. 1513 with the exception of the 
two, of which fac-similes have been given fig. 62 and 63. In Gesner's Biblio- 
theca universalis, fol. 501, is written: Martini Hilacomili Instructio in chartam 
itinerariam, excusa Argentorati 1511 in 4to cum luculentiore ipsius Europx 
enarratione per Ringmannum Philesium, Chartis 6. Probably Gesner here 
alludes to a map of which two copies are preserved in the Bibl. Nationale at 
Paris. Its title is: Das ist der Romweg von meylen zu meylen mit puncten vcr- 
zeychnet von eyner stat zu der andern durch deutsche lantt. A monography of this 
geographer is anonymously published by d'AvEZAC under the title: Martin 
Hylacomylus Watzemiiller ses ouvrages et collaborateurs . . . par un geographe 
bibliophile, Paris 18-57." Consult Nordenskiold's Facsimile-atlas, p. 129. 
"Five important maps among the tabula; novae in Ptolemaeus Argentinee 1513. 
As mentioned above (p. 19) this edition contains, besides Ptolemy's text and 
the ordinary 27 old maps, an appendix of twenty new ones, preceded by a long 
second title-page: In Claudii Ptolemei Supplementum, etc., and a short preface. 
On five of these new maps the discoveries of the Spaniards and Portuguese during 
the preceding century are represented. Of these, the Hydrographia, sive 
Charta Marina: continens typum orbis universalem iuxta Hydrographorum tradi- 
tionem is given on pi. xxxv; the Tabula oceani occidentalis seu Terrx novee on 
pi. XXX vi, and two maps of Africa and one of southern Asia, on a reduced 
scale, in fig. 8-10." Consult Nordenskiold's Facsimile-atlas, p. 69. 
For the various editions of Ptolemy's Geography, with description of Waldsee- 
miiller's maps, and various reproductions, consult Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases. 

The author of this monograph has failed to notice the great cartographical dis- 
covery of Waldseemuller's map of the world, unknown except by name, and 
first brought to light in 1901 . Harrisse, in his Discovery of North America, 1892, 
p. 443, no. 69, "Waldseemuller's lost map," refers to this lost map as follows: 
"It was a map of the world, of large size, constructed by Martin WaldseemtiUer, 
at St. Diey, before the month of May, 1507, and probably printed at Strasburg 
by Schott. It is, doubtless, the Mappamundi which is mentioned in a letter 
addressed by Waldseemiiller to Ringman (Philesius) in February, 1508, and 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 21 

where the map is represented as being already printed, published, and ad- 
mired at that date." 

This map is the oldest map with the luum Am i . " iwA it was originally 
issued with his work entitled: "Cosmor//' / /.o.' Previous to this 

the first printed map showing any part nf V n: ; > i i he Ruysch map, some- 

times found in the 1507 edition of Ptolemy, but usually found in the 1508 ed. 
For a bibliography of this work of Waldseemiiller, entitled: Cosmographix 
Introdvctio, 1507, consult Church Catalogue, v. 1, pp. 54-59. 
Harrisse, Henry. Bibliotheca americana vetustissima, description of works relat- 
ing to America, 1402 and 1551 additions, pp. 29-33. 
Carter-Brown, Bibliotheca americana, v. 1, pp. 32-36. 

John Boyd Thacher in his "Continent of America," 1896, devotes chapters 
vi-vii, pp. 149-158, entitled " The Lost Map," to this map of 1507. 
The following is the title of the map and the list of the works in the Library of 
Congress relating to Waldseemiiller: 

Avezac de Castera-Macaya, Marie Armand Pascal d'. Martin EylacomyliisWaltze- 
midler, ses outrages et ses collaborateurs. Voyage d' exploration et de decouvertes 
h travers quelques epitres dedicatoires, prefaces et opitscules en prose et en vers du 
commencement du xvi' siecle: notes, causeries et digressions bibliographiques et 
antres, par un geographe bibliophile. 176 pp. 8°. Paris, Challamelaine, 1867. 
Eitrait des Annales des voyages. 1866. 

Chap, v-ix, and xi-xxi deal with Waltzemiiller's Cosmographiae introductio; 
chap, xxii with the Cosmographiae introductio of Apianus; chap, xi-xv, 
Vespucci; chap, xvi-xviii, "Margarita philosophica de Reisch;" chap, xxv- 
xxix, Geographie de Ptolenue. 

Avezac de Castera-Macaya, M. A. P. d'. Same. Voyage d' exploration 

et de decouvertes a travers quelques epitres dedicatoires, prefaces et opjtscules en 
prose et en vers du commencement du xvi c siecle: notes, causeries et digressions 
bibliographiques et autres a propos de Martin Hylacomylus Waltzemiiller. 
[In Annales de voyages . . . Nov. 1866. 8°. Paris, Challamel alne, 1866. v. 4, 
pp. 129-222, 283-362] 

Gallois, Lucien. Le nom d'Amerique et les grandes mappe-mondes de Waldsee- 
muller de 1507 et 1516. 

[In Annales de geographie. 15 Janvier 1904. 8°. Paris, A. Colin, 1904. 
V. 13, pp. 29-36] 

Crallois, Lucien. Waldseemiiller chanoine de Saint-Die. 

[In Societe de geographie de I'Est. Bulletin, 1900. 8°. Nancy, 1900. v. 21, 
pp. 221-229] 

Gehlen, A. The first map bearing the name of America. [By Martin Wald- 
seemiiller] 

[In Scientific american. Sept. 27, 1902. fol. New York, Munn & co. 1902. 
n. s., V. 87, pp. 199] 

Giinther, Siegmund. Die karten WaldseemiUlers. 

[In AUgemeine zeitung. Beilage. April 1904. fol. Miinchen, 1904. v. 2, 
pp. 100-101] 

Heawood, Edward. The Waldseemiiller facsimiles. 

[In Royal geographical society. Journal. June, 1904. 8°. London, 1904. 
v. 23, pp. 760-770] 

Herbermann, Charles George. The Waldseemiiller map of 1507. — /. Fischer 
and F. von Wieser. The world-maps of Waldseemiiller {Ilacomilus) 1507 and 
1516. fol. Innsbruck, 1903. 

[In United States catholic historical society. Historical records and studies. 
Dec. 1904. 8°. New York, 1904. t. 3, pt. 2, pp. 320-342. 1 fold map, 1 pL, 
Ifacs.] 



22 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Waldseemiiller, Martin. 1470-1521? — Continued. 

Iloddfr, Fmnk Ueywood. Early maps oj America. 
[In Dial {The) Dec. 1,1904. 4°. Chicago, 1904. v. ST, pp. 363-366] 
A review of " The oldest map with the name America of the year 1507, and the Carta 
marina of the year 1516, by M. Waldseemiiller." 

Map of the world, by Waldseemiiller. Made in 1507, the first in which the name 
America was used to designate the Western Hemisphere. [arwn.\ 
[In International bureau of the american republics. Monthly bulletin. March 
1904. 8°. Washington, government printing office, 1904. pp. 625-631, maps\ 
Memoir. By J. Franck. 

[In Allgemcine dcutsche biographic. 8°. Leipzig, 1881. v. 13, pp. 488-489] 
Oberhummer, Eugen. Die karten Martin Waldseemiillers. 
[In Geographische zeitschrift . Herausgegeben von dr. Alfred Hettner. S°. Leipzig, 
B.G. Teubner, 1905. xi. jahrg., 4 heft. pp. 227-233. 1 map] 
The oldest map with the name America, of the year 1507, and the Carta marina of 
the year 1516. By M. Waldseemiiller. Edited by prof. J. Fischer and Franz von 
Wieser. [Review] 

[In Athenxum (The) March 26, 1904. 4°. London, 1904. no. 3987. pp. 
404-405] 

Peitz, W. M. Die weltharten Waldseemullers. 

[Stimmenau^ Maria-Loach. Mai, 1904. 8°. FreiburgimBriesgau, 1904. v. 66, 
pp. 540-546] 

Eavenstein, Ernest Geoige. Die WaldseemUllerschenharten. 
[In Geographische zeitschrift. 8°'. Leipzig, B. G. Teubner, 1906. 12 jahrgang, 
S. heft, p. 165] 

Ravenstein, Ernest George. Waltzemuller' s globe of 1507. 
[In Geographical journal. October, 1902. v. 20, p. 462] 
"Identical with hia map of 1507; remarks on the Behaim and Laon globes." 
Stevenson, Edward Luther. Martin Waldseemiiller and the early lusitano- 
germanic cartography of the New World. 

[In American geographical society. Bulletin. April, 1904. 8°. New York, 
1904. V. 36, pp. 193-215] 

Thacher, John Boyd . The continent of America: its discovery and its baptism. An 
essay on the nomenclature of the old continents; a critical and bibliographical inquiry 
into the naming of America and into the growth of the cosmography of the New 
world; together with an attempt to establish the land-fall of Columbus on Walling 
Island, and the subsequent discoveries and explorations on the main land by Ameiicus 
Vespudus. xvii, 270 p., 1 I. incl. maps, facsim., diagr. front., pi., port., maps 
{partly fold.) plan, facsirtu fol. New York, W. E. Benjamin, 1896. 
No. 252 of a limited ed. of 250 copies, and 31 copies on laid paper for presenta- 
tion purposes: each copy signed by the publisher. 

Includes: Extract from Las Casas abridgment of the journal of Columbus, 
with translation. — A translation of the royal decrees, april 10, 1495 and June 
2, 1497. — Texts of the published narration of the first voyage of Vespucius: 
Italian (Florence, 1505) Latin (from the " Cosmographiae introductio," St. 
Di6, 1507) and English (published by Quaritch, 1893)— A review of the four 
alleged editions of the "Cosmographiae introductio" printed at St.Di^ in 
1507, with extracts, and facsimiles of several pages of the "unique" edition 
from the Thacher and Eyries copies. — Scientific geography. — The cartography 
of the New World: the contour of the continent as it was developed on the 
early maps. — Facsimile reproductions (exact size of originals) of a series of 
fourteen maps from 1478 to 1570. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 23 

WaldseemuUer, Martin. Die alteste karte mil dem namen Amerika aus dem 
jahre 1507 und die Carta marina aus dem jahre 1516 des M. WaldseemuUer (Ila- 
comilus) Hrsg. mit unterstiihunff der Kaiserlichen akademie der mssenscha/ten 
in Wien, von prof. Jos. Fischer, S. J., und prof . Fr. r. r. Wieser. 55 p. illus. (incl. 
maps) 26 (i. e. 27) fold. maps. Imisbruck, Wagner; London, H. Stevens, son, & 
Stiles, 190S. 4 p. I. 

German and english in parallel columns. Added t.-p. in cnglish. The 
english translation is by rev. George Pickel. 

Facsimiles of the original maps preserved in the library of the castle of \\'olfegg 
in Wiirttemberg: "25 sheets (30 in. by 21 in.), with the addition of 2 new reduced 
key maps . . . Each of the maps of 1507 and lolG consists of 12 sheets, every 
sheet complete in itself with border, but so arranged that, when the borders 
are cut away, the 12 sheets can be joined up and mounted as one large map 
(about 8 ft. by 4 ft. 6 in.)" 

Issue in another form; the maps joined and mounted. In portfolio, 65cm. 
Extensively reviewed by Hermann Wagner, in Gottingische gelehrte. Anzeigen, 
V. 1, 1904, no. 5, pp. 477-490; also by K. Rretsckmer in Petermanns mitteilungen 
aus Justus Perthes' geographischer anstalt. 4°. Gotha, J. Perthes, 1905. v. 51. 
Literal urberieht no. 299, pp. 94-95. 

Waldseemiiller, Martin. Costiiographiae inirodvctioj \\ cvm qvibvsdam || geome- 
triae || ac \\ astrono \\ miae principiis || ad earn rem necessariis \\ Insuper quatuor 
Americi Ve- || spucij nauigationes. \\ Vniuersalis Cbosmographix [!] descriptio || 
tarn in solidoq^planojeis etiam || insertis quq Ptholom^o || i^nota a nuperis || 
reperta sunt. || Dislichoti \\ Cum deus astra regattd: terrx dimata Cxsar \\ Nee 
teUus nee eis sydera maius habent. Colophon (encircling printer's mark): Vrbs 
Deodate tuo clarescens nomine prxsul || qua Yogesi montis sunt iuga pressit opus || 
Pressit:& ipsa eade Christo monimela faulte || Tempore venturo cetera multa 
premet. [103] p. fold, diagr. \\ Finitu. vij kV Maij || Anno supra sesqui || 
millesimum. vij. 

Waldseemiiller, Martin. Die Cosmographiae introduetio des Martin Waldsee- 
miiller {Ilacomilus) in faksimiledruck, hrsg. mit einer einleitwig von Ft. r. v. 
Wieser. 29 p., 1 I., 103 p. fold, diagr. Strassburg, J. II. E. Heilz (Heilz & 
Miindel) 1907. (Added t.-p.: Drucke und holzschnitte des xr. und xvi. jahrhun- 
derts in getreuer nachbildung. xit) 

A reproduction of what the present editor considers to be the editio princeps, 
published at St. Die in may, 1507, and containing in the dedication the 
latinized form of the author's name (Martinus Ilacomilus) The copy of the 
original, here reproduced, is preserved in the stadtbibliothek at Schlettstadt, 
Germany. 

Waldseemiiller, Martin. The Cosmographise introduetio of Martin Waldseemiiller 
in facsimile, followed by the four voyages of Amerigo Vespucci, uith their translation 
into English; to vhich are added Waldseemiiller' s tuo uorld maps of 1507, uith an 
introduction by prof. Joseph Fischer, S. J., and prof. Franz von Wieser; ed. by 
prof. Charles George Herbermann, ph. d. mi. SO, ciii, 31-151 p. front., 2 fold, 
maps, diagrs. 8>>. New York, The United States Catholic historical society, 1907. 
( United States Catholic historical society. Monograph iv) 

A reproduction of the so-called editio princeps, pub. at St. Di6, april 25, 1507, 
and containing in the dedication the grecized form of the author's name (Mar- 
tinus Ilacomilus) The translation of the Cosmographix introduetio is by 
Edward Burke: that ot the Four voyages by Mario E. Cosenza. 



24 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Waldseemiiller, Martin, 1470-1521? 

E. Tabvla Terre Nova, F. D. W. lc 18 

Note. — In the description of the Library of Congress copy of Ptolemy's Geo- 
graphia 1522, Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 361, note, p. 119, it is 
stated " Nordenskiold considers that the statement on verso fol. 100 indicates 
that Waldseemuller was not the author of the new maps but that he copied the 
maps of the 1513 ed. on a reduced scale for this edition. Both the old and new 
maps were reprinted in the editions of 1525, 1535 and 1541 with differences 
only in borders and titles . . . The Tabvla Terre Nova, is practically the 
same as that in the 1513 edition, with slight changes and the addition of 
inscriptions, a woodcut representing natives, etc., added to South America. 
The reverse contains an account of the voyages and discoveries of Columbus." 



1523 
Schoner, Johannes. 

The Schoner Globe. Original in A reproduction of the 
Schoner Globe of 1523 with a bibliography of Schoner's works, &c., 
with new translation and notes on the Globe by Henry Stevens; 
see "JohanA Schoner" by C. H. Coote, Stevens, London, 1888. 
The only known copy of Schoner's Globe of 1523 came to light in 
1885 and passed into the possession of the late Mr. Stevens in whose 
opinion "Florida is here named for the first time in print." LC 19. 

Note. — The full title of the above work is as follows: 

Johann Schoner professor of mathematics at Nuremberg. A reproduction of his 
globe of 1523 long lost, his dedicatory letter to Reymer von Streytperck and the "De 
Molvccis " of Maximilianus Transylvanus with new translations and notes on the 
globe by Henry Stevens of Vermont . . . Edited with an introduction and 
bibliography by C. H. Coote . . . xlv, [1] pp., 24 L, 95-206 pp., 1 I. 3 maps 
in pocket, 1 port. 12°. London, H. Stevens, 1888. 

"This is a well got up little volume on a subject of much interest to the student 
of early geography. The globe to which it mainly refers was purchased by Mr. 
Henry Stevens and was subsequently sold to another collector, Mr. H. Kalb- 
fleisch, of New York. It is one of the earliest known productions of its kind, 
having been preceded only by the well-known one by Martin Behaim, of 
Nuremberg, of 1492, and the anonymous Laon globe of 1493 in pre-Columbian 
times, and by the Hunt-Lenox globe now preserved in the Lenox Library of 
New York, and by the two earlier globes of Schoner, dated respectively 1515 
and 1533, in post-Columbian times. The importance of Schoner's third (1523) 
globe lies in the fact that it was the first on which an attempt was made to lay 
down the track of Magellan's vessel, the Victoria . The author, Johann Schoner, 
was born at Carlstadt, in Franconia, in 1477, and devoted himself to geographical 
science. It was doubtless through his devotion to his favorite studies that he 
was deprived of his prebend at Bamberg. We are told that the fame of his 
talents spread so far that in 1526, upon the advice of Melanchthon, he was 
nominated to the chair of mathematics in the new Gymnasium at Nuremberg. 
The late Mr. Stevens has done service in collecting the material for this volume, 
and his friend, Mr. Coote, has worthily carried out his task, adding a bibliog- 
raphy of Schoner's works and a good index [E. D. M.]" Consult review in: 
Royal geographical society. Journal. May, 1888, p. 319. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 25 

"A globe of Schotur in 152S, mentioned in: De nuper sub Castilix ac Portu- 
galisi Regibus Serenissimis repertis Insulis ac Regionibus, loannis Schoner Charo- 
lipolitani epistola ct Globus Geographicus, serum navigationum annotantibus. 
Clarissimo atque disertissimo viro Domino Reymero de Streijtpergh, eeclesix 
Babaibcrgensis Canonico dicatx. (Colophon:) Timiripse Anno Incamationis 
dominicx MiUesimo quingentesimo vigesimotertio. This brochure is now very 
rare, but it is reprinted in the above mentioned work of Wieser, and was pub- 
lished as a separate pamphlet by F. Ad. de Vaenhagen at St. Petersburg in 
1872. A facsimile of the original, with an English translation, is inserted in 
the newly published elaborate monograph: Johann Schoner Professor of Mathe- 
matics at Nuremberg. A reproduction of his globe of 1523 long lost, etc., by Henry 
Stevens of Vermont, edited with an introduction and bibliography by C. 11. 
CooTE, London, 1888. Schoner's brochure, the main part of which consists of 
an eulogy of the discoveries of Vasco da Gama, Columbus, amd Magellan, often 
with incorrectly written names and erroneous data, is of importance to the 
history of cartography, because it forms a dedicatory letter to a globe presented 
by Schoner to the bishop of Bamberg, and expressly constructed to illustrate 
the important letter of Maximilian Transylvanus, De Moluccis insulis ad 
rererendissimum Cardinalem Salzburgensem. A fac-simile and an English 
translation are given in the above-mentioned work of Henry Stevens and Coote. 
Some information as to the source of Schoner's knowledge of modern geography 
is obtained, by the following words at the end of his letter: Globum hunc in 
orbis modum effingere studui, exemplar haudfallibile aemulatus, quod Hispaniarum 
solertia cuidam liro honore conspicuo transmisit (Wieser, p. 118) Schoner's 
globe of 1523 has been, but so far as I can see without sufficient reason, identified 
by Henry Stevens with the mappemonde in gores which was offered for sale in 
the catalogue xlh no. 136 of Rosenthal, and which I have reproduced on pi. 
XL. It is obvious that the first circumnavigation of the earth was the imme- 
diate cause as well of the last mentioned globe-print, as of Schoner's letter and 
globe of 1523. But several circumstances militate against the identification of 
the mappemonde in gores sold by Rosenthal, with the globe made for the bishop 
of Bamberg. Among the European towns engraved on the former we find the 
names of Nuremberg, Venice, and Constantinople, but not of Bamberg, which 
would have been little complimentary to the Bishop and contrary to the custom 
of the period, if the work had been intended for him. The outlines of the New 
World given on it differ completely from the geographical ideas of Schoner, 
and are copied from maps of Battista Agnese of the fourth decennary of the 16th 
centurj'. From this and on other grounds mentioned below, I conclude 
that this globe has nothing to do with Schoner's globe of 1523." Consult 
Nordenskiold, Facsimile-atlas, p. SO. 

"Schoner's large globe of 1520 was drawn by hand; his globe of 1523 appears to 
have been printed in gores." Consult Nordenskiold, Facsimile-atlas, p. 100. 
Constdt also: Wieser, Franz, ritter von. Der verschollene globus des Johannes 
Schoner von 1523, uieder aufgefunden und kritisch geunlrdigt von dr. Franz r. v. 
Wieser. 18pp.,lfacs. S°. Wien, 1S8S. 

1523? 

Turin Atlas. Unsigned, undated. Anonymous. Ms. in colors on 
parchment. Original in the Royal Library Turin. Harrisse (in 
Discovery of North America no. 148) assigns it the date of 1523. 
It is no. 406 of the "Elenco degli Atlanti. Planisferi e Carte 
nautiche de G. Uzielli et P. Amat di S. Filippo. Facsimile in 



26 LIBRAKY OF COKGRESS 

Turin Atlas — Continued. 

Frontieres entre le Bresil et la Guyane Fran(?aise. Atlas. Paris. 
1899. No. 2. Shows Florida as a detached island but in approxi- 
mately correct shape and position and with name "Isla Florida." 
Shows Gulf of Mexico. lc 20 

Note. — ^The full title of the "Facsimile, in Fronliires entre le Bresil et la Guyane 

Frangaise," is given in title 2719 of Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 

A reproduction is also in Stevenson's Maps illustrating the early discovery and 

exploration in America, no. 6. A description is found in the explanatory text 

to accompany these maps. Consult same "iisi," title 1139. 

The most detailed description is given in Uarrisse's Discovery of North America, 

where it is stated: As regards the charts which depict and name Florida, the 

two earliest are the Turin planisphere and the Ha^re Catalan Atlas. The 

Tiu-in planisphere inscribes the Florida peninsula which is duly labelled 

"Isla Florida," between 30° and 37° of its own scale. 

An extensive notice, historical and geographical, with reproduction of the 

american part is found in pp. 528-533 of the same work. 

A description of these various maps in the Turin library is found in: 

Wfittke, Heinrich. Zur geschichte der erdhunde im lelzten drittel des mittelal- 

ters: — Die karten der seefahrenden volker Sildeuropas bis zum erstcn druck der 

erdbeschreibungdesPtolemaus. 66 pp., 58-60 pp., 10 pi. 

[In Vereins fur erdkunde zu Dresden, viund viijahresbericht. 8°. Dresden, G. 

Schonfeld, 1870] 

Reviewed in Petermanns mitteilungen . April, 1872. r. 18, p. 160. 



Cortes, Hernando, 148.5-1547 

Cortes's map. 48 x 50.5 cms. Without name, title or date. 
In Praeclara Ferdinadi. Cortesii de Noua maris Oceani Hyspania 
Narratio Sacratissimo . . . Doctore Petru saguorganu Foro 
luliense Reueii. D. loan, de Reuelles Episco. Anno Dni 1524. 
KL. Martii (Nuremberg) This same work was printed in Venice 
this same year. There is a facsimile of the part showing the Gulf 
of Mexico in Narr. and Grit. Hist. Am., Vol. ii., p. 404. It shows 
the west coast of the Florida Peninsula. wl 21 

Note. — This map of the gulf of Mexico which was evidently intended as an 
inset to the plan of the city of Mexico is lacking in Library of Congress copy 
of the above mentioned work. 

Besides the copy in this collection the Library of Congress has an excellent 
reproduction in Henry Stevens' American bibliographer. January. 1854- 
8°. Chiswick, C. Wiltingham, 1854. opps. p. 86. 100 copies printed. This 
seems to be the same reproduction as the copy belonging to this collection. 
Stevens states in note to his description of this book: "This edition is particu- 
larly valuable as being the only one containing the plan of the city of Mexico 
as it existed before the conquest, and the chart of the entire Gulf of Mexico, 
both of which are referred to in the Second Relation of Cortez, dated the 30th 
of October, 1520, as being sent to the Emperor with that relation. They are 
not known to have been printed in the Spanish editions. The plan and the 
chart . . . are both on a large wood block and are here inserted in fac- 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 27 

Bimile. The Mississippi river and the province of Amachel are indicated 
with considerable accuracy. This wood cut is of rare occurrence." 
Nordenskiold, Facsimile-atlas, p. 102, states: "This edition of the celebrated 
letters of Cortes contains, like the two editions of Venetise, 1.524, a plan of 
the city of Mexico which, to judge from the description of Harrisse, is not 
found in the Spanish editions of Sevilla 1.522 and Saragossa 1523. This 
and analogous plans of the famous city have often been copied in the 16th 
centuT)-. It is of interest to compare them with an original drawing by Alonzo 
de Santa Cruz of the Mexican capital and its en^-irons, of which I have given 
a short account above and of which fig. 69 is a much reduced fac-simile." 
The Gulf of Mexico portion of this map is reproduced in pi. 4, No. 7, of Henry 
Stevens's Eistorical and geographical notes . . . 1S69. 

"The original engraving of this chart appeared in a letter of Cortes, addressed 
to the Emperor, and printed at Nuremberg in 1524. Kohl thinks it shows the 
explorations of Garay, and does not embody any of those of Cortes himself. 
He says it is the earliest map to show the name Florida. It may have been 
made about the time of no. 247. It is reproduced in Stevens' Amer. Biblio- 
grapher, p. 86; in his Notes, etc., pi. rv; and in the Nar. and Crit. Hist. America, 
n, p. 404. It has an uncertain passage to the west, by which Yucatan is made 
an island, of which there is an indication in no. 247, and unmistakable expres- 
sion in the Maiollo map of 1527 {ante, under no. 39) and is suggested in a map 
by Friess {post, no 371). Later miaps, like the Verrazano, 1529 {ante, under 
no. 42);Ribero, 1529 {ante, no. 41); the Lenox wood-cut, 1534 {ante, no. 47, 
since reproduced in the Nar. and Crit. Bist. America, n, p. 223); the British 
Museum map of 1536 {post, no. 251) make Yucatan insular, but do not carry 
the passage to the western sea." Consult Winsor's description of the Kohl Col- 
lection, no. 24S. 

Harrisse's Dixroiery of North America, pp. 509-510, states: 
"This map is said to have been sent by Femand Cortes to Charles v together 
with his second letter dated Villa Segma de la Frontera, October 30, 1-520. 
The original is lost, but it was reproduced four years afterwards in facsimile, 
on the same plate with the plan of the City of Mexico added to the Latin version 
of that letter published at Nuremberg by Pej'pus in 1524. It measures 200 
by 1.50 mm." See also page 563. 

For a bibliographical description of the work from which this map is taken see 
Carter-Brown's Bibliotheca americana, v. 1, pp. 86-S7. 
Consult also: HaTrisse's Bibliotheca americana, pp. 233-234. 
In the work by Francis Augustus MacNutt, entitled Letters of Cortes . . . 
2 V. 190S, no reference is made to this map but certain maps are described on 
page vii (preface) as follows: 

"The plan of the City of Mexico is taken from the Eistoria Antigua of Senor 
Manuel Orozco y Berra and the several maps are from the editions in which 
they originally appeared of the Storia Antica del Messico of Clavigero, 1780, 
Lorenzana's Historia de Nueva Espana, 1T70, and of C. St. John Fancourts' 
History of Yucatan from its discovery to the close of the seventeenth century." 
Consult also, Derby, Orville A. Una questSo carlographica "mappadas Cortes" 
e as suas copws. Extraido do fasc. no. 60, da Bevista Brazileira. 12 pp. 8°. 
Bio de Janeiro, Companhia typographica do Brazil, 1S97. 

In The true history of the conquest of New Spain by Bernal Diaz del Castillo . . . 
V. 2, p. 129: Ealcluyt society. Worh. 2d series, no. 24, is an interesting item: 
"After, as I have said, they had set off to inspect the mines, let me go back to 
say how the great Montezuma gave our Captain a hennequen cloth, on which 
were painted and marked very true to nature, all the rivers and bays on the 
Northern coast from Panuco to Tabasco, that is for a matter of one himdred 



28 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Cortes, Hernando, 1485-1547— Continued. 

and forty leaguea, and the river of Coatzacoalcos was marked on it. As we 
already knew all the harbors and bays marked on the cloth which Montezuma 
gave to Cortes, from the time we came on the voyage of discovery with Grijalva, 
except the river of Coatzacoalcos, which they said was very strong and deep, 
Cortes determined to send and see what it was like, and to take soundings 
of the harbor and the entrance." 

1525 
Ptolemeeus, Claudius. 

Map of the New World. 37.8 x 28.8 cms. Without name, date, 

or title. Latin text on reverse. In his Geographicae Enarrationis 

Libri Octo . . . 1525. The title given this map at the beginning of 

the descriptive text, no. 28, is: Oceani occidetalis seu Terre None 

tabvla. LC 22 

Note. — The Library of Congress has a copy of the atlas from which this map is 

taken and which is described in title 362 in Phillips' List of Geographical 

Atlases. 

The maps which relate to America, nos. 28, 34, 49 and 50 are described in the 
1522 edition. 

"The maps are generally without the scrolls at the top, and nearly all have 
descriptive text on the back. Title, text, and nearly all descriptions of maps 
are within ornamental wood cut borders similar to those of the edition of 1522. 
These maps " are all with the exception of the Tabula v. Asiae., printed from 
the same blocks as the maps of ed. 1522, and, like these, are almost unaltered 
copies, on a reduced scale, of maps in the edition of 1513." Consult Norden- 
skiold's Facsimile-atlas, p. 22. 



WaldseemuUer, Martin, 1470-1521 ? 

Oceani occide[n]talis Seu Terre Noue Tabvla. LC 23 

Note. — This map is the same as described in title 22. 

1525-27 

Salviati World map. Unsigned, undated, no title. Ms. on parch- 
ment. Anonymous. 209 x 93 cms. Original in Biblioteca 
Mediceo-Laurenziana (Mediceo-Palatine 249) Derives its name 
from the Salviati arms, which appear twice on the map. One of 
the oldest known Spanish maps. Shows Florida with names. 
Interesting facsimile photo, reproductions of same size as original 
in Maps illustrating early Discovery and Exploration in America 
by E. L. Stevenson. No. 7. lc 24 

Note. — The Stevenson reproduction of this map with description in " Teat" 
is mentioned in title 1139, contents no. 7, Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 
Consult also Nordenskiold's Periplus, p. ISO, title 77; and r. 2, p. 11-',, of 
Pietro Amat di San Filippo and Gustavo Uzielli, Stitdi biografici e bibliografid 
sulla storia della geografia in Italia pubblicati in occasione del iii° congresso 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 29 

geografico tntemazionale. Ed. Ja. Roma, alia si'de dclla soriela, lSS:i. (Society 
geografiia italiana) 

Notice of the life of Giovanni Salviati in Biographic universelle (Michaiui) v. 13, 
pp. 571-672. 

Hanisse, in his Discovery of North America, p. 540, no. 16S, gives this descrip- 
tion: ''The Laurentiana Map. A planisphere on parchment, 1490 by 945 
mm., in Spanish, but including purely Portuguese names. The American 
coast extends unbroken from Labrador to the Strait of Magellan. The con- 
figvirations of the South American continent recall those of the Turin map, and 
bear the only generic name of "Tierra firme." West of the Gulf of Mexico 
there is a plan of "Tenvstitam." Our impression is that this map was con- 
structed in the time which elapsed between the making of the Turin map and 
that of the Weimar chart of 1527. It gives for the northern coast of South 
America several of the names which are in the former and not in the later, viz. : 
"Costa de Paricura," "Valle de Amerigo," "Monte espeso," and the legends: 
"Visto de le-xo," and "Visto no mas el fondo." The new names are few, but 
important : R.de Pascua Seturma Campana de Roldan La Garga Rio Holo Rio 
de S. Sebastian Barreras blancas Canal de todos los sanctos. 
This map, which is preserved in the Library of the Medici at Florence, con- 
tains the arms of the Salviatis, surmounted by a cardinal's hat, which leads 
us to suppose that it belonged to Giovanni Salviati, who was nuncio in Spain 
from 1525 until 1530." 

1527 
Maggiolo, Vesconte de. 

A'csconte de Maiollo conposu}' hanc cartam in Janua anno dny. 
1527. die xx Decenbris. 75 x 50 cms. Parchment ms. Original 
in Ambrosian Library. Milan. wl 25 

Note. — Nordenskiold's Periplus, p. 150, states: 

"If we consider Canerio's and Cantino's maps, that of Hamy, and Kunstmann 
Nos. 2 and 3 more as charts in portolano style rather than real portolanos, then 
Vesconte Maiolo was the first to publish maps of the New World in the same 
style as ordinary portolanos. In this respect he was a forerunner of Battista 
Agnese and vied with him in respect to the ornamental execution of the work. 
^^'hat its geographical value may have been I cannot determine owing to the 
want of complete reproductions. PI. V of Kunstmann is a fine reproduction of 
the map of the New World in Maiolo's Atlas of 1519, which is signed: "Vesconte 
de Maiollo civis Janue composuy banc cartam in Janua de anno domini 1519." 
The original is in the Royal Library at Munich. The map of 1527 is a planis- 
phere on two leaves of parchment, together 1.70 x 0.60 m., signed: "Vesconte 
de Maiollo composuy hanc cartan in Janua anno diiy 1527 die xx Decenbris." 
At present the date on the map reads 1587, but as Desimoni notes, this has 
arisen from a falsifying of dates quite usual with portolanos. The American 
part of the map, which has been reproduced by Ilarrisse (Disc, of N. Am., 
p. 217) and by Kretschmer, is of importance as representing a new type of map 
for the northern part of America, here called Francesca, which type first 
appeared after the return of Verrazano. The isthmus of Panama is divided by 
a narrow strait, " streito dubitoso." A map of this type was plainly the source 
of Miinster's delineation of America (FA, fig. 73j and of Georg Hartmann's (?) 
globe of about 1540 (FA, pi. XL) The original is in the Ambrosiana at Milan." 
There is a reproduction from the original in Kretschmer's Die entdeclcung 
Amerila's. Atlas, sec. 14, no. 7. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, 
title 11S6. 



30 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Maggiolo, Vesconte de — Continued. 

A reproduction is given in Stevenson, no. 10, with description in key. Consult 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, no. 1139. 

See also reference in P. Amat di San Filippo and G. Uzielli, Studi hiografici e 
bibliografici. v. 2, pp. US. 

The following is a list of articles relating to Maggiolo: 

Avezac de Castera-Macaya, Marie Armand Pascal d'. Atlas hydrographique 
de 1511 du genois, Vesconte de Maggiolo. 15 pp. 8°. ParU, Challamel aine, 
1871. 

(Extmit de.? Annale? des voyages de la geographic, de Vhistoire et de Varcheologie, 
juillct 1870) 

Avezac de Castera-Macaya, Marie Armand Pascal d'. Encore un monument 
geographique parmi les manuscrits de la bibliotliique d'Altamira. Atla^ hydro- 
graphique de 1511 du genois Vesconte de Maggiolo. 

[In Ammles des voyages. Dirigees par m. V. A. Malte-Brun. 1870. 8°. Paris, 
1870. V. S, pp. 20-32] 

Crino, Sebastiano. Notizia sopta una carta da navigare di Visconte Maggioli. 
[In Sociela geografica italiana. Bolletlino. 1007. Ser. iv. bd. viii, s. 1114-21] 
Reviewed by Viktor Hantzsch in Pctermanns mitteilungen. nov. 10, 1908. 
' lAteraturbericht. nr. 645. A review of this article is also in the Scottish geo- 

graphical magazine, march, 1908, p. 157: 

"An old Italian chart. — The November number of the BoUettino della Societa 
Geographica Italiana contains an account of the discovery, in the Bibliotheca 
Federiciana of Fano in the Adriatic, of an old navigating chart, hitherto un- 
known to students, by Visconte Maggiolo, the Genoese cartographer. The 
oldest known charts by this cartographer are, one at Paris, dated 1511; and 
another at Parma, dated 1512, while several others of later date are extant. 
The present map is the only one of these which includes the whole of the then 
known world, and is dated 15-4. It is known that in April 1534, Maggiolo 
received a commission from Lorenzo Lomellino to construct such a map, and 
it is surmised by the author of the paper, Professor S. Crino, that in the legend 
of the chart the figure 3 has disappeared, and that it is therefore the chart 
alluded to. It has several peculiarities. Thus the coast of America is more 
accurately shown than in other works of Maggiolo's, and the coast line of Africa 
and the course of the Nile are wonderfully exact." 
Luksch, Josef. Zwei denhmciler alter kartographie ( Vorlaufiger bericht) 
[InKaiserlich-kdniglichegeographischegesellschaft. Wien. Mittheilungen. 1886. 
Neuefolge, 19. 8°. Wien., 1886. v. 29, pp. 364-373. 2 maps] 
Describes a map by Vesconte Majolo, Maiolo, or Maggiolo, 1513, and a globe, 
presumably by Johannes Schoner, 1515. 

Paz y Melia, Antonio. Un mapa del Vizconde Maiollo de 1535. (Biblioteca 
Nacionale) Review signed P. y M. 

[In lievista de archivos, biblioteca y mitseos. 3a epoca. Eiiero-febrero de 1908. 
8°. Madrid, 1908. v. 12, pp. 170-171] 

Simples notes pour servir ii Vhistoire de la cartographic en Lorraine du xvt' au 
XIX ^ silcle. 

[Societi dc giographie dc VEst. Bulletin. 8°. Nancy, 1880. v. 2, p. 621] 
Consult Lasteyrie's Bibliographic generale des travawc historiques et archeolo- 
giques. Park, 1893. v. 2, no. 29470. 

Staglieno, Marcello. Sopra Agostino Noli e Visconte Maggiolo cartografi. 
Letlera ...;.? pp. 12°. Geneva, typograjia del R. istituto sordo mutt, 1875. 
Eslratto dal giornak ligustico. — Anno ti, fasc. ii. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 31 

1527 

Carta vniversal en qve se coutiene todo lo qve descvbr(torn) del 
mundo soa fasta aora hizola vn cosmographo de sv magestad anno 
M.D.xxvii en Sevilla. 216 x 8G cms. Unsigned. AnomTiioiis. 
Ms. parchment. Original in Grand-Ducal Library Weimar. This 
map is known in the Kohl Col., U.S.L.C., No. 38, as The Hernando 
Colon map, in wliich there is a copy. Facsimile same size as 
original in Stevenson. Maps illustrating Early Discovery and 
exploration in America. No. 9 "Weimar-Spanish." There is a 
reproduction, but not with absolute fidelitj^ of the American part 
in Die leiden dltesten General- Karten von America, by John G. Kohl. 
Weimar. 1860. See Bibliography of Ptolemy's Geography by 
Justin Winsor sub anno 1540. A section including the Floridian 
Peninsula and part of Gulf Coast in Lowerj-'s Spanish Settlements, 
1513-1561. p. 146. The map shows Florida with names. It is 
discussed by Henry Harrisse, the Discovery of North America, 
London and Paris, 1892, pp. 557-59, where he gives a list of the 
names which appear on the map for the first time. V. H. Paltsits 
in the Am. Hist. Review, Vol. x, p. 867 (July, 1905) says: " Vari- 
ousty ascribed to Ferdinand Columbus, Nuno Garcia de Toreno, 
and Ribero, but the maker has not been absolutely determined. 
... It portrays for the first time the New World as a whole land 
mass." WL 26-27 

Note. — Winsor describes this map in his description of the Kohl Collection, 
p. 36-37, title 38, in which he calls it the so called Hernando Colon map: 
"The original (on parchment) is anonymous, and in the Grand-Ducal library 
at Weimar, and is dated at Seville in 1527. Dining the sixteenth and seven- 
teenth centm^ies it had been kept in Nuremberg. Kohl, as has been the custom; 
assigns it to Ferdinand Columbus, but Harrisse dismisses his and other claims, 
and is inclined to ascribe it to Xuiio Gai'cia de Toreno. Cf. Winsor's Bibliog. 
of Ptolemy' s Geog., sub anno 1540, for references. It shows the line of demarca- 
tion, as established between Spain and Portugal, or rather the Spanish \'iew 
regarding that vexed question. Kohl later published a fac-simile of the 
American parts of this map in his Die beiden altesten Generalkarten von Amerika, 
Weimar, 1860. " For the Kohl reproduction mentioned see reference in Phil- 
lips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1135. 

Stevenson in his descriptive " Text" to his reproductions no. 9, consult the above 
"List" title 1139, describes it in detail and calls it Weimar-Spanish. 
Nordenskiold, Periplus, p. 154, gives the following: "An anonymous Spanish 
map of the world in the Grand Ducal Library at Weimar signed : ' Carta universal 
en qve se contiene todo lo qve del mundo sea descubi[erto] fasta aora hizola un 
cosmographo de Su Magestad anno mdxxvii en Se^^Ua.' The author is not 
stated, but the agreement of the map, even as regards details of decoration, with 
Diego Ribero's map of 1529 in the Propaganda Library proves this to be a work 
of the aforesaid cosmographer or a copy of the original which Ribero employed. 
This again was ob\-iously founded on the map composed by the Chamber of Com- 
merce in Se\'ille, the Padron real, now lost. Portuguese authorities also were 
accessible to the designer of the map, this being plainly proved by the manner 



32 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Carta vniversal — Continued. 

in which the East Indian Peninaula and the Southeastern part of China are 
reproduced. The supposition that Fernando Columbus was the author of this 
map is obviously a mistake. Neither on this map nor on Ribero's maps of 1529 
is any mention made of Zipangu or Japan. The mariner-cosmographer has on 
his map placed only those newly discovered lands that had really been sighted 
by the Spaniards and Portuguese. Terra Australis, of whose existence the 
theoretical cosmographers were so convinced, is also omitted. " 
Consult also the following: 

Bertuch, Frederick Justin. Einige bemerkungen uber zwei der dllesten hand- 
schri/llkhen vjelt-charten in der charten-sammlung sr. durchl. des herzogs von 
Sachsen- Weimar. 

[In Allgemeine geographische epheineriden. Jan.lSll. S°. Weimar, ISU. v. 
34, pp. 33-38] 

Both by Diego Ribero, in 1527 and 1529. 
Peucker, Carl. Discovery of a map by Columbus. 

[In Royal geographical socUty. London. The Geographical journal. Jan. 1894. 
8°. London, 1894. v. 3, no. 1, pp. 44-45] 

This article translated into french by Gabriel Gravier is found in Sociele nor- 
mande de geographic. Bulletin 1894- 8°. Rouen, 1894. v. 16, pp. 119-121. 
Redway, Jacques W. The first landfall of Columbus. 

[In National {The) geographic magazine. Dec. 29, 1894. S°. Washington, the 
National geographic society, 1895. v. 6, pp. 179-192. 2 maps] 
Ruge, Sophus. Das italienische Columbusiuerk. 

[In Petermanns mitteilungen. 1895. 4°. Gotha, J. Perthes, 1895. r. 41. 
pp. 279-288] 

A re\'iew of Raccolta di documenti e sludi publicati dalla R. Commissione 
Colombiana pel quarto eentermrio dalla scoperta dell America. Rom. 1892-94. 
Schoebel, Charles. La plus andenne carle generate d'Amerique. 6 pp. 12°. 
[Paris, 1877] 

(Extrait des Actes de la Sodete americaine de France. Tome viii, 5« partie. 1877) 
Wieser, Franz von. Die carte des Bartolomeo Colombo uber die vierte reise des 
admirals. 14 pp., 3 pi. 12°. Innsbruck, 1893. 

This is a reprint from the " Mittheilungen des Instituts fur Oesterr. geschichts- 
forschung" and contains facsimiles of the three supposed autograph maps of 
Bartholomew Columbus. 

This article is translated into french and published in Sodete royale de geo- 
graphic. Bulletin. 1894-1895. 8". Anrers; veuve de Backer, 1895. v. 19. 
pp. 6-21, 3 -maps. 

Wolkenhauer, August. War die magnetische deklination ror Kolumbus erster 
reise nach Amerika tatsdchlich unbekannt. 

[In Deutsche geographische blatter. 8°. Bremen, 1904- !'. 27, heft .i-4, pp. 
158-175] 

Ziegler, Alexander. Columbus und Martin Behaim. 

[In Petermanns mitteilungen 1858. 4°. Gotha, J. Perthes, 1858. v. 4, pp. 
429-432] 

1527 
Thome, Robert, d. 1527. 

Map roughly engraved on wood. LC 28 

Note. — Nordenskiold in his Facsimile-atlas, p. 71, states that this map of 
Robert Thome, of 1527, is with regard to the New World a minute copy of the 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 33 

map in Reich's Margarita Philosophica, 1515. He also states that this map is 
the only printed map known to him between the years 1515-1519. On p. 103 
is the following description: "Robert Thome's map of 1527 (n. t. xii) This 
map is inserted into Richard Hakluyt's Divers Voyages touching the discouerie 
of America and the Hands adiacent vnlo the same, made first of all by our English- 
men and aftencards by the Frenchmen and Britons . . . with two mappes annexed 
heereunto for the plainer understanding of the whole matter . . . London 1582; 
reprinted in 1S50 with a valuable introduction and illustrative notes by John 
Winter Jone.s, in Works issued by the Ilahluyt Society. A long inscription on the 
right side of this map says that it was sent from Seville by the merchant Master 
Robert Thome to Doctor Ley, Embassadour for king ffenry the 8. to Charles the 
Emperour. Harrisse (Cabot, p. 176) supposed it to be based on the prototype of 
the planispheres in Weimar and on the map of Nufio Garcia de Torrena. This 
can only be the case as to the delineation of the Xew World, the work of Thome 
being, as regards the Old World, so exact a copy of the map in Reisch's Margarita 
Philosophica of 1515 (n. t. xxxviii) that no doubt is possible as to the principal 
source of Thome's geographical knowledge of that part of the globe. But for 
the New World he e\-idently had access to other sources, probably consisting of 
hand-drawn Spanish maps. As regards the delineation of South America and 
the Isthmus of Panama, the map shows real progress. It is, also, specially 
interesting from the illustration here given of the controversies between the 
Spaniards and the Portuguese respecting the proper place of the famous Papal 
line of demarcation. 

" The map has pre\-iously been reproduced in the Works issued by the Hakluyt 
society, London, ISoO. The facsimile given on T. XLi is from a photograph 
of the original at the British Museum. Thome was one of those wealthy, 
intelligent and enterprising merchants who energetically contributed to the 
development of England's commercial predominance at sea. In order to 
make it possible for English tradesmen to compete with those of Spain and 
Portugal, he was eager for the discover^- of a northem passage to China, Japan, 
and India, and to promote voyages of discovery to achieve such a passage he 
sent memorials to Edward Leigh the English Ambassador in Madrid, and to 
King Henry vm. It is these letters which Hakluyt has published in his 
above mentioned work, and which are of such importance to the history of 
geography." 

See also various references to this map in Harrisse's Discovery of North America, 
In Kretschmer's Die entdeckung Amerika's the american portion is given "Xach 
Nordcnshiold." 

The reprint of the book and reproduction of the map is found in: 
Hakluj-t, Richard. The principal navigations voijages, traffiques and discoveries 
of the english nation . . . 8° . Glasgow, J. MacLehore d- sons, 190.3, v. 2, 
p. 176. "From the verj' rare Divers voyages touching the discoverie of America, 
published by Richard Hakluyt, 1582." 

Consult a notice of the life of Thome in Dictionary of national biography, v. 56, 
p. 294. 

For a description of Hakluyt's Divers voyages consult the Church Catalogue, 
v.l, pp. 290-292. 

Only a few copies are known, of this work, which contain the original map. 
Consult also John Carter-Brown Catalogue, v. 1, p. 288-291. 
A reproduction is also in the Kohl Collection, no. 39 and the american portion 
in Winsor's Narrative and critical history of America, v. 3, p. 17, and in Richard 
'Brovm's A history of the island of Cape Breton. London, 1869. p. 22. 
85241°— 12— 3 



34 LIBKAEY OF CONGRESS 

1528 

Paris Gilt or De Bure Globe. Anonymous. lc 29 

Note. — A reproduction of this globe is pi. 21 " Atlas, " of Marcel's Reproductions 
de cartes et de globes and description in " Text," pp. 71-73. For a description of 
this work cf. Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1138. 
A reproduction is also given in Harrisse's Discovery of North America, which 
devotes pp. 562-568 to a full geographical and bibliographical description. 
Nordenskiold's Periplus has the following, p. 154: 

"(1528) Le globe dore or De Bure's globe in the Bibl. nationale of Paris. 
(Circumference 0.70 m.) The globe is engraved on copper and gilded. The 
title Nova et integra universi orbis descriptio are stamped thereon, but the author 
and date are not mentioned. G. Marcel {Reprod. de cartes et de globes etc., 
Paris 1893) gives a detailed description of it and an incomplete representation 
of the drawing of the Western Hemisphere. Asia is here made to join the 
New World on the Southern part of which is inscribed "America inventa 1497." 
The North part contains the name of Mare Tabin (I) Baccalearum reg.. Terra 
Francesca, Desertum Lop, Asia orientalis, Cathay (on the coast of the Mexican 
Gulf which is called here Sinus S. Michaelis) Tebeth, etc. The drawing of 
the globe corresponds with the double heart shaped map of the world of 1531 
by Orontius Finaeus (FA, pi. xli), and with Schoner's globe of 1533. The 
legends are in Latin with some few Germanisms, which lead Harrisse to the 
conclusion that this is a German work. To me this seems extremely probable, 
as the drawing of the globe exactly corresponds to Caspar Vopel's globe of 1542, 
preserved in the town-archives of Cologne. Possibly it is of a later date (about 
1540) than that cited above on the authority of Marcel and Harrisse." 
Further on, p. 159, he states in connection with the Nancy Globe "Probably 
the Globe Dore, no. 51, and this globe date from about the same time." 
In comparing the reproductions of these two globes, they seem to differ in 
many essential points. 

A description of the Nancy globe, with reproduction, is found in the Magazine 
of american history, march, 1881, v. 6, pp. 183-187, by B. F. De Costa. Also a 
larger reproduction in Congris international dcs anwricanistes. Compterendu, 
2d session 1877. Lmranbourg, 1878. v. 1, p. 359. 

3 ea.nY&nRa.emdonck, in hiaLesSphiresterrestreet celeste de Gerard Mercator . . . 
Saint-Nicolas, 1875, p. 27, refers to the Nancy globe, quoting an article by Jean 
Blau entitled: Memoire sur deux monuments geographiqiies conserves b. la biblio- 
thique publique de Nancy. 1°. Un mamtsrrit de Ptolemee. 2°. Un globe de 
vermeil en forrrm de coup. 56 pp., map. 8°. Nancy, xi imp. de mme veuve 
Hisette, 1836. {Extrait des Mcmoires de la Societi royale des sciences, lettres et arts 
de Nancy) ' 

He furthermore describes the "Sphere de Bure" as follows: 
"A la section g^ographique de la bibliothfeque nationale a Paris, se voit une 
sphere terrestre en cuivre dor<5, ayant appartenu aux fr&res De Bure. Cette 
sphere dite De Bure et celle de Nancy, offrent dans leurs d(51in(?ations la 
ressemblance mutuelle la plus intime, et laissent encore confondus I'empire 
du grand Khan de Khathay et les terres de I'Amc^'rique du nord designees par 
le Dom de Terra Francesca, et qui furent decouvertes, en 1524, au nom de 
Francois I, par Jean de Verrazzanno, en sorte que I'archipel dea Antilles semble 
r^pondre en meme temps au Zipangu dea mera d'Asie." 



THE LOWERY COLI.ECTIOX 35 

1529 

Verrazzano, Gerolamo da. 

Map of the world. Signed " Hieronimus de Verrazano faciebat." 
Undated. Ms. parchment. 260 x 130 cms. Original in Propa- 
ganda Library. Rome. No. 12 of Stevenson's facsimiles of same 
size as original. See also the Voyage of Verrazano by Henry C. 
Murphy. New York, 1875, p. 91, who also gives a reduced copy. 
Nordenskiold's Periplus, p. 108; on p. 155 he says the date is 
gathered from the inscription: "Verrazana sive nova Gallia quale 
discopri 5 anni fa Giovanni da Verrazano fiorentino per ordine e 
commandamento del cristianissimo re di Francia." Shows Florida 
and Gulf of Mexico with coast names. lc 30 

Note. — A description of this map to accompany E. L. Stevenson's reproduc- 
tion is found in his " Text and key maps," referred to in Phillips' List of Geo- 
graphical Atlases, title 1139. In Nordenskiold's work above quoted he further 
states: 

' ' Reproduced verj' incompletely and on a much reduced scale by James Carson 
Brevoort: Verrazano the Navigator, New York, 1S74- The Indian peninsulas 
are given with fair correctness, but the Australasian islands, very imperfectly. 
Hieronymus Verrazano was a brother of the explorer Giovanni, who is said to 
have been hanged as a pirate in November 1527, by command of Charles v. 
The map is at the Propaganda Library in Rome. Formerly it belonged to 
Stefano Borgia." 
See also: 

Riproduzione della carta del Verrazzano del collegia di Propaganda fide in Roma 
U\ X 20 in. 1529. 

[In Raccolta di documenti e stxidi pubblicati dalla R. commissione Colombiana 
pel quarto centenario dalla scoperta dell' America . fol. Roma, auspice il ministero 
della pubblica istruzione, 1S92. pt. iv, r. 2, tav. 5 at end] 

Accompanjong " Notizia delle piii antiche carte geografiche che si trovano in Italia 
riguardanti l' America per Vittore Bellio." 

" No. 1. Outline of the map of Hieronymus da Verrazano, 1529, in the Museum 
of the Propaganda, Rome. Size: 102 x 51 inches. No. 2. The North American 
coast line of no. 1, with the names from the original and now first published. 
No. 3. The Northern section of Reinel's map, corresponding with New Found- 
land section shown in no. 2. No. 4. Section of a map in the Ptolemy of 1513, 
from which was derived the outline and several names for the Florida section in 
no. 2 No. 5. Section of the globe of Vlpius, 1542, after the Verrazano map. 
No. 6. Section of the Gastaldi-Ramusio map, from Verrazano. No. 7. Section 
from the map of Allfonsce, 1543, after Verrazano. No. 8. Section of Lok'a 
map 1582, copied by him from the Verrazano map presented to Henry viii. 
All except no. 1 are shown on a scale one-fourth of the original. " 
[In Magazine (The) of american history. Edited by John Austin Stevens, sm. 4°. 
New York. A. S. Barnes, 1878. v. 2. p. 449] 

The above eight maps are on one sheet, to accompany an article by B. F. De 
Costa, on " The Verrazano map." 

"Copy of part of the mapamundi drawn by Hieronimus de Verrazano about 1529. 
To illustrate a paper read before the Am. geographical society, nov. 28th, 1871. 
By J. C. Brevoort." 12 x 19J. 



36 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Verrazzano, Qerolamo da — Continued. 

[In American (The) geographical society of New York. Journal. 187S. 8°. 
Albany, for the society, 1874. v. 4- p. 296. pi. 1] 

"Hieronimvs de Verrazano faciebat. The original planisphere, from which 
this extract has been taken, is in the Museo Borgiana of the Collegio de 
propaganda fide, in Rome and was designed about the year 1529. It is 260 
centimetres in length and 130 in heighth, or 102 J by 51 J^ english inches." 
"Reduced copy of the mapamundi drawn by Hieronimus de Verrazano 
about the year 1529. From photographs of the original, preserved in the 
Museo Borgiano at the Collegio Romano de propaganda fide in Rome. J. Bien 
lith. 6i X 13i. 

[In American (The) geographical society of New York. Journal. 1873. 8°. 
Albany, for the society, 1874. v. 4. p. 296. pi. 2] 

For information relating to Verrazzano and his map, consult the following: 
. . . America and France. Boston, Old South meeting house, 1889. cover- 
title, [104] p. 12°. 
Various paging. 

The t.-p. reads: (The Old South leaflets. Seventh series, 1889) 
Contents. — 1. Verrazzano, G. da. Verrazzano's voyage, 1524 [letter to the king 
of France] . . . 

Bacchiani, Alessandro. Giovanni da Verrazzano e le sue scoperte neW America 
settentrionale (1524) secondo I'inedito codice sincrono Cillere di Roma. 
[In Soeietb, geografica italiana. Bollettino. Nov. 1909. 8°. Roma, 1909. 
serieiv. v. 10. pp. 1274-1323] 

Brevoort, James Carson. Notes on Giovanni da Verrazano, and on a plani- 
sphere of 1529, illustrating his american voyage in 1524, with a reduced copy 
of the map. 

[In American geographical society. Journal. 1S73. 8° . Albany, 1874. v. 4. 
pp. 145-297, 2 pi.] 

Brevoort, J. C. Verrazano the navigator; or, notes on Giovanni da Verrazano 
and on a planisphere of 1529 illustrating his american voyage in 1524. With a 
reduced copy of the map . . . 159 pp., 1 I. fold. map. 8°. New York [The 
Argus CO., printers, Albany] 1874- 

Read before the American geographical society of New York, nov. 28th, 1871 
Two hundred and fifty copies printed. 
De Costa, Benjamin Franklin. Bibliography of Verrazano. 
[In Magazine (The) of american history. Edited by J. A. Stei'ens. 4°. New 
York and Chicago, A. S. Barnes & co. 1881. v. 6, pp. 68-70] 
De Costa, B.F. Verrazzano: a motion for the stay of judgment ... 16 p. 12°. 
New York, 1876. 
Published anonymously. 

A criticism of Henry C. Murphy's The voyage of Verrazzano, 1875-76. 
De Costa, B. F. Verrazano the explorer: being a vindication of his letter and 
voyage, with an examination of the map of Ilieronimo da Verrazano. And a dis- 
sertation upon the globe of Vlpius. Towhich is prefixed abibliography of the subject. 
2 p. I., [iii]-v, [5]-82 p. illus. (incl. map, facsim.) 2 port., 3 fold, maps (incl. 
front.) 4°. New York, A. S. Barnes <t co., 1880. Cover-title dated 1881. 
Reprinted in revised form from the Magazine of american history, v. 2, 1S78; 
V. S, 1879; V. 6, 1881. 
De Costa, B. F. The Verrazzano map. 

[In Magazine (The) of american history. 8°. New York and Chicago, A. S. 
Barnes & co. [1878] v. 2, no. 8, pp. 449-469. 1 map] 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 37 

Desimoni, Comelio. Giovanni Venazano scopritore di regioni nelV America 
settentrionale; studio con note ed una appendice. 68 pp. 8°. Bruxelles, 1879. 
(Extrait du Congris des americanistes de 1S79) 

Desimoni, C. Giovanni Verrazzano scopritore di regioni nelV America setten- 
trionale, studio di Comelio Desimoni di Genova con note ed una appendice. 
[In Congris international des americanistes. Compte rendu de la S^ session, 
Bruxelles, 1879. 8°. Bruxellcs, C. Muquardt, 1S79. r. 1, pp. 391~45S] 
Desimoni, C. Intorno at Fiorentino Giovanni Verrazzano, scopritore in nome 
della Francia di regioni neW America settentrionale; studio sepondo, per il socio 
Comelio Desimoni. 

[In Society ligure di storia patria. Genoa. Alti Genova, 1881. v. 15, p. [105}-178, 
[■35.S]--S7S. map] 

A criticism of H. C. Murphy's Voyage of Verrazzano, N. Y., 1875. First pre- 
sented to the Congris internal, des americanistes, 2d sess., Lrixemburg, 1877, 
and printed in the Compte rendu of the 3d sess., Brussels, 1879, t. 1, p. 391-1.58, 
a short extract in french ha\ang previously appeared in the Compte rendu of 
the 2d session. As here published in the Atti, it contains one additional chapter, 
and a 2d and 3d appendix [I due documenti riguardanti i Verrazzano, chc il 
Signer Harrisse trasse dall' Archivo del Parliamento de Rouen — Sulla nomcn- 
clatura di Maggiolo, Verrazzano, Ulpius e Gastaldo] The third appendix ia 
accompanied by the map of the visconte Maggiolo (1527) reproduced from the 
original in the Ambrosiana, Milano. — A shorter criticism of Murphy's conclu- 
Bions as summarized by Harrisse, in Rev. erit., 1876, n. s., t. 1, p. 17-22, had 
been pub. by Desimoni in Archivio storico ital., Firenze, 1877, 3. ser., t. 26, 
p. 48-68; II viaggio di Giovanni Verrazzano . . . 1524. 

Desimoni, C. II viaggio di Giovanni Verrazzano all' America settentrionale nel 
1524. 

[In Archivio storico italiano . . . 3. serie. 8°. Firenze, 1877. v. 26, p. [4S]-6S. 
Review of H. C. Murphy's Voyage of Verrazzano, N. Y., 1875, aa summarized 
by Harrisse in Rev. crit., 1876, n. s., t. 1, p. 17-22. Having received a copy of 
Murphy's work while his article was in press, Desimoni followed with a fuller 
review, in Congris internal, des Americanistes, Compte rendu de la 3. sess. 1879, 
t. 1, p. 391-458; also, with additions, in Atti della Societa ligure di storia patria, 
Genova, 1881 under tMe: Intorno al Fiorentino Giovanni Verrazzano, . . . studio 
secondo [con tre appendici], and separate, Genova, 1881. 
Dexter, George. Cortcrcal, Verrazano, Gomez, Thevet. 

[In Winsor, Justin. Narrative and critical history of America. 8°. Boston, 
J. R. Osgood & CO. 1885. v. 4, pp. 1-32] 

Gatfarel, Paul Louis Jacques. Le corsaire Jean Fleury. 26 pp. 4°. Rouen, 
E. Cagniard (L. Gy, successeur) 1902. 
"Extrait du Bulletin de la Sociele normande de geographic." 
The author distinguishes between the pirate Jean Fleury, or Florin, and the 
Florentine navigator Giovanni Verrazzano, considered by some writers to be 
one and the same person. 

Geleich, Eugen. Ortsbestimmung durch Verrazzano. 

[In Petermanns mitteilungen. 1894. 4°. Gotha, J. Perthes, 1894. v. 40, pt.S, 
pp. 115-117] 

Gravier, Gabriel. Les voyages de Giovanni Verrazano sur les cdtes d'Amerique 
avec des marins normands, pour le compte du roi de France en 1524^1528. 32 pp. 
8°. Rouen, E. Cagniard (L. Gy, succr) 1898. 

"Extrait du Bulletin de la Societe normande de geographic (4^ cahier de 1898)" 
Green, George Washington. The life and voyages of Verrazzano ... 21 pp. 8°. 
Cambridge [Mass.] Folsom, Wells, & Thurston, 1837. 



38 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Verrazzano, Gerolamo da — Continued. 

Published anonymously; author's name in ms. on t.-p. 

2 1. of ma. inserted at end. 

Reprinted from the North American review, 1837, v. 45, p. 293-311. 

Hakluyt, Richard. Divers voyages touching the discovery of America and the 

islands adjacent. Collected and published by Richard Hakluyt . . . in the year 

15S2. Ed., with notes and an introduction, by John Winter Jones ... 3 p. I., 

cxi, 171, 6 p. S fold, facsmi. {incl. 2 maps) London, for the Hakluyt society, 

1850. (Added t.-p.: Works issued by the Hakluyt society [v . 7]) 

Reprint of original edition, including t.-p. 

Harrisse, Henry. La cartographie Verrazanienne. 12 pp. S°. Paris, institut 

geographique de Paris; C. Delagrave, 1S96. [His Opuscules, v. 2, no. 6] 

"Extrait de la Revue de geographic." 

Harrisse, Henry. La cartographie Verrazanienne. 

[In Revue de geographic. Novembre, 1896. 8°. Paris, C. Delagrave, 1896. 

V. 39, pp. 324-333] 

Harrisse, H. Un nouveau globe Verrazanien. cover-title, S pp. 8°. Paris, 

Jnstitut geographique de Paris; C. Delagrave, 1895. [His Opuscules, v. 1, no. 11] 

"Extrait de la Revue de geographic." 

"Signale une petite sphere en cuivre dor6 de o™.44 de circonf^rence tres 

finement gravee. Elle porte la date de 1530 et la signature Robertua de Bailly . 

Le dessin n'en est d'ailleurs pas original. Nous croyons savoir que cette 

sphere a 6ti acquise par M. Rosenthal, de Munich." 

Huguea, Luigi. Di un nuovo documento attinente a Giovanni da Verrazzano- 

14 pp. 8°. Casale, Cassone, 1895. 

Reviewed by Sophus Ruge in Petermanns mitteilungen. 1897. v. 43. Geo- 

graphischer literaturberichtfUr 1897. p. 80, title 268. 

Hugues, L. Giovanni Verrazzano, notizie sommarie. 

[In Italy. Raccolta di documenti e studi. Pubblicali dalla R. commissione 

colombiana pel quarto centenario dalla scoperta dell' America, fol. Roma, auspice 

il ministero della pubblica istruzione, 1893. pt. 5, v. 2, pp. 219-251] 

Hugues, L. II navigatore italiano Giovanni da Verrazzano e il corsaro francese 

Giovanni Florin. 19 pp. 8°. Casale Monf. tip. Tarditi, 1900. 

Lechner, Karl. Ueber die entdeckungsreise des Giovanni Verrazano. 

[In Globus. 1890. 4°. Braunschweig, 1890. v. 57, no. 8, pp. 114-116; no 9, 

pp. 139-142; no. 10, pp. 153-156] 

Major, Richard Henry. Verrazzano. 

[In Geographical (The) magazine. Edited by C. R. Markham. 1876. 8°. 

London, Triibner & co. 1876. v. 3, pp. 1S6-1SS] 

Reprinted from the Pall Mall gazette for nuiy 26, 1S76. 

Map of the world containing the discovery of Verrazzano, drawn by Hieronimiu 

de Verazzano. 

[In Historical {The) magazine. Oct. 1866. sm. 4°. Morrisania, N. Y., H. B. 

Dawson, 1866. v. 10, pp. 299-300] 

From the Appendix to a pamphlet printed at Paris, in 1852, entitled Les papes 

geographes et la cartographie du Vatican, par m. R. Thomassy. 

Murphy, Henry Cruse. The voyage of Verrazzano: a chapter in the early history of 

maritime discovery in America, viii, 198, 4 pp- illus., fold, maps, chart. 8°. 

New York [Albany, J. Munsell] 1875-[76] 

The supplement "copies, taken from the archives of the parliament of Rouen, 

of two powers of attorney made by Verrazzano," 4 pp., was not issued until 

1876 and is said to be found in only a few copies. "The Verrazzano letter 

according to the original version. Translated by dr. J. G. Cogswell, from a 

copy of the ms. in the Magliabechian library in Florence and printed in the 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 39 

Collections of the New York historical society. Second series, vol. 1, p. 41-51: 
p. 170-1S6. 

New light on Veraszano's voyage of 1-524. [anon.] 

[In Royal geographical society. Journal. April, 1910. v. 35, pp. 428-4S6] 
Pelli, Giuseppe Beucivenni. Elogio di Giovanni da Verrazzano Jiorentino, 
scopritoredella Nuoia Francianel secolo XVI. xipp. 8°. [Firenze,G.AllegTini 
& comp. 1769] Signed: G. P. 

Peimesi, Giuseppe. Pietro Martire d'Anghiera e le sue relazioni sulle scoperte 
oceaniche. Amerigo Vespucci, Giovanni Verrazzano, Juan Bautista Genovese, 
notizie sommarie, per Luigi Eugues. Giovanni Caboto, note critiche, per Vincenzo 
Bellemo. Leone Pancaldo, sussidi documentari, per Prospero Peragallo. .306 pp. 
1 I. fol. Roma, ministero della pubblira istruzione, 1894. 
[Italy. Commissione colombiana. Raccolla di documenti e studi. pte. 5, v. 2] 
Ed. of 560 copies. 
Printed by Forzani e c, Rome. 

Peragallo, Prospero. Ancora sulla distinta personalitd di Giovanni da Verrazzano, 
navigatore, e di Giovanni Florin, corsaro. 

[In Societa geografica ilaliana. Bollettino. Gennaio, 1900. 8°. Roma, presso 
la societa geografica italiana, 1900. Serie 4, v. I, pp. 402-409] 
Peragallo, P. Intorno alia supposta identitd. di Giovanni Verrazzano. col. corsaro 
francese Giovanni Florin. 

[In Societa geograficaitaliana. Memorie. 8°. Roma, presso la societa, 1897. v. 7, 
pt. 1, pp. 165-190] 

Peragallo, 'P. Les voyages de Giovanni Verrazano sur les cdtes d'Amerique, par 
m. Gabriel Gravier. Traduit de Vitalien par le lieut. colonel [0.] Tulle. 
[In Societe normande de geographic. Bulletin. 1899. 4°. Rouen, E. Cagniard, 
1899. v. 21, pp. 97-102] 

From Bulletin de la Societe italienne de geographic. {Cahier de mai 1899) 
Smith, Buckingham. An inquiry into the authenticity of documents concerning 
a discovery in Xorth America claimed to have been made by Verrazzano. Read before 
the Xew- York historical society, October 4th, 1864. SI pp. front, (fold, map) 8°. 
Neir- Yorh, J. F. Trow, 1864. 

Verrazzano, Giovanni da. Al christianissimo re di Francia Francesco Primo, 
relatione di Giouanni da Verrazzano Fiorentino della terra per lui scoperta . . . 
scritta in Dieppa . . . MDXXnil. 

[In Ramusio, G. B. Navigationi et viaggi. Venetia, 1550-74. v. 3 (1556) I. 
420-422] 

Verrazzano, Giovanni da. Lettera di Giovanni da Verrazzano navigatore fioren- 
tino a Francesco I, re di Francia, sulla scoperta di nuove terre nelle costa settentrio- 
nale d' America con altra di Fernando Carli sullo stesso argomento. Documenti 
storico del secolo xvi tratti da un codice ilagliabechiano preceduti da un discorso di 
Giuseppe Arcangeli letto alia Societd Colombaria nelV adunanza del 24 agosto 1851. 
[In Archivio Italiano. Firenze, 18-53. Appendice, t. 9, p. [l7]-55] 
Verrazzano, Giovanni da. The relation of lohn de Verrazzano a Florentine, of 
the land by him discouered in the name of Eis Maiestie. Written in Diepe the eight 
of July, 1.524- 

[In Eakluyt, Richard. Collection of voyages. London, 1809-12. v. 3 (1810) p. 
357-364] 

Reprint from the 2d ed. of the Principal navigations, 1-598-1600. 
Verrazzano, Giovanni da. Scheeps-togt van Johan de Verrazano, Florentyner, na 
Florida; uytgesonden van Francoys de I, honing van Vranhrijh, om vreemde landen 
te ontdekken, in het jaar 1524 ... 1 p.h, [10] pp. illus. Leyden, P. vander 
Aa [1710?] 



40 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Verrazzano, Gerolamo da — Continued. 

[In Aa, Pieter van der. De aanmerkenswaardigste en alomberoemde zee- en land- 
reizen. Leyden [1727?] [v. 7, no. 4] 

Winship, George Parker, editor. Sailors narratives of voyages along the Neiv 
England coast, 1524-1624; with notes . . . S p. I., S-292 p., 1 I. S viaps {inch 
front.) Sfacnm. 8°. Boston, IToitghlon, Mifflin & co., 190.5. 
"Four hundred and forty copies printed. Number 439." 
Contents. — Giovanni da Verrazano, 1524. Narragansett Bay. 
Zeri, Augusto. Giovanni da Verrazzano. 15 pp. S°. Roma, ForzaniE.C, 1893. 
dalla lievista marittima, marzo 1S9.3. 



1529 

Ribero, Diego, d. 1533. 

Carta universal en que se contiene todo lo que del mundo se ha 
descubierto fasta agora: hizola diego ribero cosmograplio de su 
magestad ano de 1529. La qual se devide en dos partes conforme 
a la capitulacion que hizieron los catholicos Reyes de espaiia y el 
Rey don Juan de portugal en la citta de tordesillas ano de 1494. 
Ms. 217 X 89 cms. Original in Grand Ducal Library Weimar. 
Kohl Collection, U. S. L. C, no. 42. Facsimile same size as 
original in Maps illustrating early discovery and exploration in 
America by E. L. Stevenson, 1903. No. 11. See the Kohl Col. 
by Justin Winsor, no. 42 and authorities there cited. There is a 
second copy of the same date in the Kohl Col., U. S. L. C, no. 41, 
difTeringslightly from no. 42. Shows Florida with names. Known 
as "Ribero map." lc 31 

Note. — In "Text" to accompany the reproduction of Stevenson there is a de- 
scription of this map. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1139. 
The following is from Winsor's description of the Kohl Collection, title 41, 42, p. 38: 
"These copies give only the American parts of this map of the world. Kohl 
in these drawings copied the draft of it by Giissefeldt, which was given in a 
monograph by M. C. Sprengel, Uber Ribcro's dlteste Well-karte, published in 
179.5, which followed a copy at Jena, and which Kohl says he follows in lieu of 
something better. In 1860 Kohl reproduced the Weimar original in his Die 
beiden altesten General-Karlen von America. The entire map is given in San- 
tarem, in Lelewel, and in Ruge's Geschichle dcs Zcilalters der Entdeckungen 
(1883) There is another early copy in the Archivao del Collegio di Propa- 
ganda at Rome. Consult the references in Winsor's Bibliog. of Ptolemy's Geog., 
sub anno 1540, and the Bull, de la Soc. de geog. de Paris (184'!) 1, P- 309. 
" Referring to the Newfoundland region, Kohl thinks Ribero may have seen and 
used a map of these parts made in 1506 by a Frenchman. This refers to 
Charlevoi.x's statement of a map made by Jehan Denys; but Harrisse, Cabots, 
p. 250, pronounces it "absolument apocryphc." A facsimile of an undated 
map of the Ribero type was published by the Spanish Government in the Cartas 
de Indias in 1877. 

"A Spanish planisphere, in the possession of the Marchesi Castiglione in Mantua, 
shows the whole Atlantic coast of both Americas, and on the Labrador coast 
has this legend: "Tierra que descobrio Estevan Gomez este ano do 1525 por 
mandado de su majestad." Consult Studi biog. e bibliog. dclla Soc. geog. Hal., 
II. no. 412; PortioU, Carte e memorie gcographiche in Manlova (1875) p. 24" 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 41 

A reproduction is also found in Ssftitarem's Essai sur VMsUyire de la cosmography 
et de la larlographie prnrlnnt Ic mnijen-Age, no. 64 of the atlas which is described 
in Phillips' Listofn,. .■■>• ' .,/ Aliases, title 262. 

The Library of C.i I _ ' nopy of this map, 23 J x54i ins., entitled " Tfee 

second Borgian // ..^ < / , . Illhero. Senile, 1529. Eeproduced from the 
original in the Museum of the Propaganda in Rome, lent by his holiness pope 
Leo xiir, by W. Griggs. [Peckham .S.E.,W. Griggs, 1886] 
Consult the following works in the Library of Congress, relating to Ribero: 
Bertuoh, Frederick Justin. Einige bmierkungen iiber zwei der dltesten hand- 
schriftlichen welt-charten in der charten-sammlung sr. durchl. des herzog von 
Sachsen-Weimar. 

[In Allgemeinegeographischeephetneriden. Jan. 1811. 8°. Weimar, ISll. v. 34, 
pp. 33-J8] 

Both by Ribero, made in 1527 and 1529. 

Danvers, Frederick Charles. Map of the world, commonly knon-n as "The 
second Borgian map." [Executed by Diego de Ribero at Sevilla in 1529] 14 pp. 
S°. 1SS9. 

See Bernard Quaritch's A catalogue of uorhs on the language, history and geog- 
raphy of America, Asia and Africa. April 16, 1891. no. Ill, title 85, for 
historj' of this map. 

Hamy, Ernest Theodore. Note stir la mappemonde de Diego Ribero (1.529) con- 
servie au Musee de la propagande de Rome. 

[In France. Mim-stere de V instruction publiqiie et des beaux-arts. Comite des 
travaux historiques et scienlifiques. Bulletin de geographic historique et descrip- 
tive. 1887. 8°. Paris, 1887, pp. 57-G4] 
Also in his Etudes historiques et geographiques. 

Kohl, Johann Georg. Die beiden dltesten general-lcarten von Amerika. Aus- 
fiihrt in den jahren 1527 und 1529 auf befehl kaiser Karl's v. Im besitz der gross- 
herzoglichen bibliothek zu Weimar. 2 pts. in 1 v. x, 185 pp., 2 fold. maps, 
fol. Weimar, geographisches institut, 1860. 
Erster thnl: Allgemeine untersuchungen iiber die beiden karten. 
Zueiter theil: Specielle analyse der beiden karten. 

Only the parts of the two maps relating to America have been reproduced in 
facsimile. 

Map no. 1, entitled, ' Carta universal, en que se contiene todo lo, que del mundo 
se a descubierto fa.'<ta aora hizola un cosmographo de su majestad anno m. d. xrii 
en Serilla" is attributed by Kohl to Hernando Colon, son of Christopher 
Columbus. 

Map no. 2 is entitled, " Carta universal en que se contiene todo lo que del mundo 
se ha descubierto fasta agora: Hizola Diego Ribero cosmographo de sxi majestad: 
ano de 1529. La qual se deride en dos partes conforme a la capitulagio que hizieron 
los catholicos reyes de e^pana, y el rey don Juan de portugal e la villa de Tordesillas: 
ano de 1494-" 

Sprengel, Matthias Christian. Ueber J. Ribero' s dlteste welt-charte. 77 pp., 
1 fold. map. 8°. Weimar, industrie<omptoir , 1795. 

Stevenson, Edward Luther. Early Spanish cartography of the New World, 
with special reference to the Wolfenbuttel-Spanii^h map and the work of Diego 
Ribero . . , 53 pp. maps (J fold.) 4°. Worcester, Mass., Davis press, 1909. 
" Reprinted from the Proceedings of the American antiquarian society, for april, 
1909." 

Zach, Franz Xaxer.freiherr von. Ancienne mappemonde espagnole de Van 1529 
■par Diego Riberio. 

[In his Corre.%pondance astronomique ... 8°. Genes, L. Camiglia, 1824. 
V. 10, p. 466] 



42 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Ribero, Diego, d. 1533 — Continued'. 

" Le litre de cette carte est: " Carta universal, en que se conliene todo lo que del 
mundo se ha descubierto fasta agra: Hizola Diego Riberio Cosmographo de su 
Majestad. Ano de 1529." Au bas de cette carte on lit ces paroles: "La 
qual se devide en dos partes conforme a la capitulafo que hicieron los catholicos 
Reyes de Espanna el Rey Don Juan de Portugall a la bulla de Tordesillaa, 
Ano 1494." Cette derni6re remarque se rapporte a la fameuse bulle de demar- 
cation des papes Eugene iv et Alexandre vi, aussi trouve-t-on sur cette carte 
trac6 le Meridiano de la Demarcacion comme I'appellent toua lea historiena 
espagnols et portugais de ce tems-ia." Quoted from p. 466. 

1530? 

Agnese, Battista. 

Map of North and South America. Ms. on parchment. Map 
22.5 X 15.2 cms.; parchment 25.5 x 18 cms. No name, title or 
date. Original in Ambrosian Library, Milan. Henry Harrisse, in 
his The Discovery of North America, London and Paris, 1892, con- 
siders the various Agnese Atlases on pp. 626-630. The earliest 
date assigned is 1536. wl 32 

Note. — For references to various maps of Agnese consult P. Amat di S. Filippo 
and G. Uzielli, Studi biografici bibliografici . v. 2, pp. 116-142. 
The notice in Hanisse's Discovery of North America, referring to the various 
maps of Agnese does not mention any map of his in the Ambrosian Library at 
Milan. 

He says, pp. 626-^27: 

"Baptista Agnese was a very artistic cartographer of Genoese origin, who exer- 
cised his profession at Venice from 1536 until 1564. We possess altases, dated 
and signed by him, of 1536, 1543, 1544, 1545, 1553, 1554, 1555, 1559, 1562, and 
1564. There exist others which bear neither date nor signature, but are cer- 
tainly the work of Agnese, as the geographical configurations, nomenclature, 
caligraphy, dimensions, and ornaments, resemble altogether those of the 
atlases bearing his name. Besides, there is a peculiarity common to all, which 
is a sure test to determine among the atlases of small size made in Italy, in the 
middle of the sixteenth century, those which must be attributed to that car- 
tographer. It is this: In the oval mappamundi we invariably see routes traced 
or dotted, in gold or in silver, or simply coloured, indicating the itinerary 
followed by ships sailing from Lisbon to the East Indies, and from Cadiz to 
the north and south of the New World." 

Kohl in his History of the discovery of Maine, says Agnese "was no traveler or 
discoverer himself, but received his information from others. He is said to 
have composed his maps for the curious." Consult pp. 292-295. 
Justin Winsor in his article entitled Baptista Agnese and american cartography 
in the sixteenth century, p. S, says: 

"Besides these two theories of the North American contour which Agnese had 
to decide between in 1536, there was a current conception which had sprung 
from Verrazano's voyage in 1524, and which had received illustration in the map 
made by his brother, and now in the Propaganda at Rome. It had been further 
exemplified in a Maiollo map (1527) now in the Ambrosian Library at Milan." 
This map is probably that referred to as no. 34, "Undatierte Atlanten," Mai- 
land, Bibl. Ambrosiana, in Kretschmer's Die Atlanten des Battista Agnese. 



THE LOWEHV COLLECTION 43 

The present reproduction of the map of this date has many points of resem- 
blance to the other maps of Agnese with reference to the Florida coast." 
The following works relate to the various cartographical works of Agnese: 
Spitzer, Frederic, and Wiener, Charles. Portidan de Charles-Quint donne h 
Philippe ir. Accompagne d' line notice Mplicative . . . 37 pp., [1] I., 11 maps, 

5 pi. obi. 4°. Paris, J. Claye, 1S7.5. 

At head of title: Collection Frederic Spitzer. 
Half-title: Portiilan de Charles-Quint donne h Phillippe n. 
Harrisse, Major and Winsor were inclined to attribute the original to Baptista 
Agnese. There is a difference of opinion in regard to the date; Sjiitzer and 
Wiener assigned 1539, because the atlas shows no recognition of the coast of 
Chili, which was developed about 1540. Harrisse places it under 1542; Fischer, 
Wieser and Kretschmer say 1548; and Ruge prefers 1550. Cf. Winsor's Bap- 
tista Agnese and american cartography in the sixteenth century, p. 11. M. 
Malte Brun in a "Compte rendu" before the Soc. de giogr. de Paris, juin 1S76, 
mentions Santa-Cruz as the author, and places the date about 1536. Cf. Soc. 
de geogr. de Paris. Bulletin. 1876. pp. 625-631. See Phillips' List of Geo- 
graphical Atlases, title 263. 

Wieser, Franz. Der portulan des infanten vnd nachmaligen konigs Philipp 
II. von Spanien. {In der sammlung des herm Fr. Spitzer in Paris) 
[In Sitzungsberiehte der philosophisch-historisehen classe der haiserlichen akademie 
der xmssenschaften 1876. 8°. Wien, 1876. v. 82, pp. 541-561] 
The author of this article gives a description of this anonymous portolano and 
attributes it to Giov. Battista Agnese, after comparing it with manuscript maps 
contained in libraries in Germany and Italy, and with several portolanos of that 
cartographer. He gives it the date of 1548 according to the amount of geo- 
graphical knowledge which it contains. 

Winsor, Justin. Baptista Agnese, and american cartography in the sixteenth 
century. {Reprinted, one hundred copies, from the Proceedings of the Massa- 
chusetts historical society, may, 1897) 168 pp. 8°. Cambridge, J. Wilson 

6 son, 1897. 

Kretschmer, Konrad. Die atlanten des Battista Agnese. 

[InGesellschaft far erdkundezu Berlin. Zeitschrift. 1896. 8°. Berlin, W. H. 

Kuhl, 1896. V. 31, pp. 362-368] 

Magnaghi, Alberto. L' atlanle manoscritto di Battista Agnese delta biblioteca 

Teale di Torino. 

[In Revista geografica italiana. Feb. 1908. 8°. Firenze, 1908. v. 15, pp. 

6.5-77, 1.35-148] 

Re\'iewed by Viktor Hantzsch in Petermanns mitteilungen. 10 nor. 1908. 

Literaturbericht nr. 646. 

Malavialle, Henri L^on. Notice sur un portulan manuscrit de Battista Agnese 

conserve a la bibliothique de I'universite de Montpellier. 

[In Socicte languedocienne de geographie. Bulletin. 1908. 8°. Montpellier, 

1907-1908. V. 30, pp. 235-297; v. 31, pp. 7-85, 141-203] 

Gaffarel, Paul Jacques. Le portulan de Malartic. 34 pp. 3 pi. 8°. [Dijon, 

imp. Derantiere, 1SS9] 

" Etude curieuse d'un pr^cieux monument geographique genois portulan de B. 

Agnese de 1534. Tire ^ quelques exemplaires et non mis dans le commerce. 

M. le comte de Malartic, de Dijon, possede dans sa bibliotheque un atlas, ou 

plutot un portulan manuscrit, de treize feuilles coloriees sur velin, qui constitue, 

au moins pour quelques-unea de ses parties, un precieux monument g(5ogra- 

phique. Nous essaierons de le di^crire, et de determiner le nom de son auteur, 

ainsi que la date de sa composition." 



44 UBRAEY OF CONGRESS 

1535 
Ptolemseus, Claudius 

Map of the New World. No title, name or date. 37.8 x 28.8 
cms. Latin text on reverse. [In his Geograpliicae Enarrationis, 
Libri Octo Lvgdvni. m.d.xxxv] The title given this map in the 
text on the reverse of the map is: Oceani occidentalis sev terrae 
novae tabvla. wl 33 

Note. — Consult references to earlier editions of this map in note to title 21. 
For a description of Ptolemy's Geographia containing this map see title 364, 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 

1535? 

Wooden Globe. Anonymous. wl 34 

Note. — This title is very indefinite. It is probably the one described by 
Gabriel Marcel, entitled: 

Un globe manuscrit de I'ecole de Sdianer. • 

{In France. Ministhe de Vinstruction publique et des beaux-arts. Comite des 
travaux historiques et scientifiques. Bulletin de geographic historique et descrip- 
tive. 1889. 8°. Paris, 1890. pp. 173-179] 
Marcel says: 

"Ce globe, en bois, mais revetu d'un enduit qui pent avoir un millimMre 
d'dpaisseur, n'a pas plus de 0™, 24 de diametre, c'est dire qu'il differe pen des 
deux globes de Schoner dont Fun, celui de la Bibliothtque militaire de Weimar, 
a 6t6 reproduit par Wieser, dont I'autre, qui existe a Francfort-sur-Ie-Main, a 
6te public, par Jomard, dans ses "Monuments de la geographic," et qui out 
tous deux O", 27 de diametre tandis que le globe de Nuremberg, d<i au meme 
auteiu', est beaucoup plus gros." 

"Etude d'un globe en bois qui appartient a la section des cartes de la B. N.ila 
0'°,24 de diamfetre et est revetu d'un enduit ayant environ un miUimfetre 
d'epaisseur. M. Marcel fixe entre 1513 et 1518 la date de ea confection et 
pense qu'il pourrait etre de la main meme de Schoner." Coifsult L^on Vallee's 
La Bibliothique nationale, p. 279. 

1536 
Chaves, Alonso de. 

There is a geographical description of Florida in Oviedo's His- 
toria General y Natural de las Indias, Lib. xxi, Cap. viii, Tomo 
2, pp. 143-144. Madrid, 1851. The description appears to be 
based upon a map of Alonso de Chaves of 1536, for in the following 
chapter x, p. 149, which continues the description of the same 
coast to the north, Oviedo says: "6 alii (i. e. el rio e tierra de 
los Bacallaos) hafe fin la carta moderna del cosmographo Alonso 
de Chaves, que nuevamente se corrigio e emendo, el ano que pass6 
de mill e quinientos y treynta y seys anos." The publication of 
Oviedo's history extended from 1535 to 1555. See. Narr. and Crit. 
Hist. Am., vol. ii, p. 343. lc 35 

Note. — The map here referred to, by Alonzo de Chaves, was consulted by 
Oviedo, but has now disappeared. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 45 

In an article by B. F. De Costa, entitled Cabo de Arenas; or the place of Sandy 
Eook in the old cartohgy [as indicated in the map of Alonzo Chaves, now lost] 
[In Xfu England {The) historical and genealogical register. 1SS5. 8°. Boston, 
ISSS. V. 39, pp. 146-160 incl. map], he says: "As we learn from Oviedo, in 
1536, Charles v ordered that the charts should "be examined and corrected" 
by experienced men appointed for the purpose. Acting under their instruc- 
tions, Alonzo Chaves drew up a map embodying what information he had 
collected, though he had heard nothing of the voyages of Cartier in 1534-5. 
This map was used by Oviedo in his description of the American coast, pub- 
lished in 1537. The chart of Chaves has been reconstructed by the present 
writer from the description of the Spanish historian, so far as it exhibits the 
cartology of the North Atlantic coast, and whoever compares our sketch of the 
map with Oviedo'a description, will find the sketch sufficiently exact for the 
purposes of this paper." 

In title 2720 of Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, map no. 1 of the entry 
under Frontihes entre le Bresil et la Guyane franQaise . . . Berne, 1899, is a 
reproduction entitled Reconstruction schematique de la carte d' Alonzo de Chaves 
(1516) depuis le cap St. Augustin ju-iqu'au Euyapari (Ortnoque d'aprh le texle 
d'Oviedo). 

See also notice of the life of Alonzo de Chaves in Navarrete's Biblioteca mxiritima 
espanola . . . Madrid, 1851. v. 2, p. 16-17, and no. 239, p. 631, of Harrisse'a 
Discovery of \orth America 

1536 
Gvlf of Mexico. French map. Xo name or title. Anonymous. 

Original in the British Museum. Kohl Col., U. S. L. C, no. 251. 

There is a sketch in Narr. and Crit. Hist. Am., vol. ii, p. 225-226. 

Shows Florida with names. lc 36 

Note. — The following notice is a manuscript description attached to the bor- 
der of the Kohl reproduction mentioned above: 

"This chart of the Mexican Gulf and adjacent countries is taken from a large 
manuscript map in the British Museum (No. 5413 of the Manuscript Department) 
In the catalogue of the Brit. Mus. the date 1536 is given to the map. 
"The language of the chart is partly in Spain, partly in French, and the Spanish 
is sometimes very much corrupted . . . 

"It is therefore evident that our map is a copy of a Spanish original, compiled 
in France by a Frenchman. 

" If the map is really of the year 1536 as th6 Catalogue of the British Museum 
adopts, then the 'Governor,' named in the above mentioned inscription must 
be Narvaez, and the original may have been one of those Spanish maps, which 
resulted from the unhappy expedition of Narvaez. 

"The configuration of the Peninsula of Florida is for the time very well given. 
The harbours on the West coast of this Peninsula, which the captains of Narvaez 
explored, are indicated. 

" lucatan ('Lucatan') is represented as an island. The name Mexico is used 
a.s the name of a country. The Metropolis itself is still called: 'Temistitan.' 
The Mississippi is called 'Rivifere de St. Esprit,' 'Las maras' (the marshes) 
to the east of it are perhaps lakes Ponlchartrain and Maurepas." 

1541 

Desliens, Nicolas. 

Map of the world. Ms. on parchment. Dated Dieppe, 1541. 
Original in the Royal Library, Dresden. See Sophus Ruge, Die 



46 -I.IBEAKY OF CONGRESS 

Desliens, Nicolas — Continued. 

Entwickelung der kartographie von Amerikas bis 1570. Gotha, 
1892, p. 61-63. Facsimile of western part (America) in Frontieres 
cntre le Bresil et la Guyane Fran^aise. Atlas. Paris, 1899. No. 
5, where the date of 1543 or 1544 is attributed to it. Shows 
Florida peninsula with names and Gulf of Mexico. There is no 
New Mex. or California. lc 37 

Note. — A reproduction of ibis map is no. 2, of V. Hantzsch and L. Schmidt, 
Kartographische denk-nialer zw entdeckungsgeschichte von Amerika, Asien, Austra- 
lien und Afrika . . . Leipzig, 1903. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases, title 250, for a description of this work. The american reproduction 
mentioned in the title is found described in this "List" in title 2719. Con- 
Bult Henry Harrisse, Tfie Dieppe world maps, 1541-1553. 1 p. I., 13 pp. 4°. 
Goetlingen, university printing press ( W. F. Kaestner) 1S99. 
Reprinted from the Gottingische gelehrte anzeigen, 1899, no. 6. 
A review of C. H. Coote's introduction to the earl of Crawford's Bibliotheca 
Lindesiana. Collections and notes, no. 4- Autotype facsimiles of three mappe- 
mondes . . ."1898. See title 248 of PhillipB' List of Geographical Atlases. 

1542 
Ulpius, Euphrosynus. 

The Ulpius Globe. Diameter 39.4 cms. Original in possession 
of the New York Historical Society. Shows Florida peninsula 
without names. Gulf of Mexico with names. Copy in 14th Ann. 
Rep. Bu. Ethn., pt. 1. bet. pp. 348-349. See Nordenskiold. Peri- 
plus, p. 182. Winsor, Narr. & Crit. Hist. Am., vol. iii, p. 214; 
vol. IV, pp. 19, 42. LC 38 

Note. — See a reproduction and a history of this globe in an article by Benjamin 

Franklin De Costa, entitled The globe of Ulpius. 

[In the Magazine of american history. 1879. January. 4°. New York and 

Chicago, A. S. Barnes, 1879. v. 3. pp. 17-35. 1 map. 1 port.] 

The portrait herein mentioned is that of pope Marcellus ii. 

See also the same magazine for 1878, v. 2, p. 449, in an article by De Costa on 

the Verrazzano map, where a section of this globe is reproduced. 

The map in the 14th Annual report of the bureau of ethnology, referred to in 

the title, is to accompany an article by George Parker Winship, entitled " The 

Coronado expedition, 1540-1542." 

The following maps, mostly relating to the gulf of Mexico and Florida region, 

are also reproduced in this article: 

Sebastian Cabot's map of 1544. — Map of the world, by Ptolemy, 1548. — Battista 

Agnese's New Spain, sixteenth century. — The City of Mexico, about 1550, 

by Alonzo de Santa Cruz. — Zaltieri's karte, 1566. — M creator's northwestern part 

of New Spain, 1569 — Mercator's int^ior of New Spain, 1569. — Abr. Ortelius, 

Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, 1570. — Dourado's Terra Antepodv Regis Castele 

Inveta, 1580. — Western hemisphere of Mercator, 1587. — Northern half of De 

Bry's America Sive Novvs Orbis, 1596. — Wytfliet's Vtrivsqve hemispherii 

Delineatio, 1597. — Wytfliet's kingdoms of Quivira, Anian, and Tohn, 1597. — 

Matthias Quadrus' Fasciculus Geographicus, 1608. 



THE LOWER!' COLLECTION 47 

1542 

Santa Cruz, Alonso de, </. 1572 i lc 39 

Nova verior et integra totius orbis descriptio. 

Note. — Consult the note to title 263 in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases for a 
description of Portulan de Charles-quint, which is supposed to be by Santa Cruz. 
See also title 60 of this work for Santa Cruz's Mapa . . . de la Nueva Espana. 
In Nordenskiold's Periplus, pi. i, is a reproduction of this map. Page 158 
gives the following notice: 

"Map of the world by Alonzo de Santa Cruz, preserved in the Royal Library at 
Stockholm (1.44 x 0.79 m) Title: Nova verior et integra totius orbis descriptio 
nunc primum in lueem edita per Alfonsiim de Sanda Cruz Caesaris Charoli v. 
archicosmographum, A. D. uoxlii. It was probably brought home to Sweden . 
by J. G. Sparvenfelt, who in 1689-94 traveled about in Europe seeking 
Swedish and Gothic antiquities. The map of the globe is here di\'ided into 
two hemispheres, one north and one soHth, of which each is divided into 36 
segments in a way ehown in the reproduction on pi. L. The map may be cut 
out, and with but slight distension of the material, on which it is drawn, may be • 
pasted on a sphere, and thus form a globe. This, however, was probably not 
the sole intention of this new projection introduced by Santa Cruz, but the 
chief idea was to obtain a map on which the distances between different places 
could be at once found. At all events the following words cited by Harrisse 
from a work by Vanegas de Busto {Las diferentias de libros que ay en el Unirerso, 
Toledo 1540, Chap, xri) seem to refer to maps of this kind: 'Ora nuevamente 
Alonso de Santa Cruz, a peticion del Emperador, ha hecho una carta abierta 
por los meridianos ,desde la equinocial d los polos; en la cual, sacando por 
el compas la distancia de los blancos que hay de meridiano & meridiano, que 
de la distancia verdadera de cada grade, reduciendo la distancia, que queda. 
d leguas de linea mayor.' 

" The map is fully described and carefully reproduced by E. W. Dahlgren in his 
Map of the world by Alonzo de Santa Cruz, Stockholm 1S92. In the present 
work I can only reproduce it on so small a scale that the legends mostly become 
illegible, as, even on the original, they are inscribed with extremely fine and 
almost illegible ^"riting. All the legends, so far as it has been possible to 
decipher them, are given in Dahlgren's work. Those that occiu- on the coasta 
of the New World will be given here in the next chapter. 

"Santa Cruz was cosm6grafo real, or, as he himself renders the title in Latin, 
archicosmographus to the Emperor Charles v. He had been a member of the 
unsuccessful expedition undertaken by Sebastian Cabot to La Plata. He took 
a part in the editing of Padron real and was entrusted with many confidential 
geographical commissions by the Spanish sovereign. From this it may be 
gathered what importance attaches to this, the sole remaining large map by 
Santa Cruz, which, together with a map of Mexico (FA, fig. 69) is still extant. " 
The map of Mexico is found in Nordenskiold's Facsimile-atlas, p. 109. 
The following articles contain reproductioiis with bibliographical and carto- 
graphical notices: 

Berthelot, Sabin. Analyse d'une notice biographique et litteraire sur le cosmo- 
graphe Alonzo de Santa-Cruz, par m. de Navarrete. 

[In Societe de geographic. Paris. Bulletin. 2e serie. 1839. 8°. Paris, A. 
Berlrand, 1839. v. 11, pp. 87-108] 

A brief notice of a map of the city of Mexico, by Santa Cruz, is in Proceedings, 
Massacfiusetls historical society, feb. 1889. r. 4, pp. 290-291; and also notice in 
Navarrete's Biblioteca marilima espafiola. r. 1, pp. 27-31. 



48 LIBEABY OF CONGRESS 

Santa Cruz, Alonso de, d. 1572? — Continued. 

Dahlgren, Erik Wilhelm. Map of the world, by the Spanish cosmographer, Alonzo 
de Santa Cruz, 1542. Reproduction in phototy pic facsimile by the printing office 
of the Swedish Staff-general with explanations by E. W. Dahlgren. 48 pp., 1 fold, 
map. 8°. +fol. Stockholm, P. A. Norstedt & soner, 1S92. One hundred copies 
■printed. 

Reviewed by Ruge in Petermanns mitteilungen. 189.3. r. 39: Geographischer 
literaturberichtfur 1893. p. 15, title 60. 

Also reviewed in Royal geographical society. Journal. March, 1893. v. 1, pp. 
S37-238. 

Navarrete, Martin Ferdinand de. Del cosmdgrafo Alonzo de Santa Cruz. 
[In Estado general de la armada. Madrid, 1834] 

Santa Cruz, Alonzo de. Die Icarten von Ameriha in dem Islario general des 
Alonso de Santa Cruz, cosmdgrafo mayor des kaisers Karl r. Mit dem spanischen 
originaltexte und einer kritischen einleitung hrsg. von Franz r. v. Wieser. xx pp., 
1 I., 59 pp. XV maps. fol. Innsbruck, Wagner'sche universitats-buchhandlung, 
1908. 

"Festgabe des K. u. K. Oberstkdmmer-amtes filr den xvi. Internal, amerikanisten- 
kongress " on cover. 

Pt. 4 of the author's "Islario general del mundo." 

Half-title: El yslario general de todas las yslas del mundo enderesgado a la S. C. C. 
Magestad del emperador y rey nu^stro seftor por Alonso de Sancta Cruz su cosmd- 
grafo mayor. La quarta parte. 

Reviewed by E. L. Stevenson in Americati historical revieir. Jan. 1910. 
The plan of Mexico is reproduced to accompany an article by E. W. Dahlgren, 
entitled: "Nigot om det forma och nuvarande Mexico med anledning af en gam- 
mal karta ofver staden och dess omgifningar. 

[In Ymer. Tidskrift utgifven af Svenska sallskapel for anlropologi och geograf. 
8°. Stockholm, 1889-90. v. 9-10. bet. pp. 48-49] 

A biographical notice of Santa Cruz i.s found p. 736 of Harristse's Discovery of 
North America. 

1543 

Agnese, Battista. 

Map of America. Ms. 29.5 x 19.5 on a parchment 34.5 x 24.7 cms. 
Without name, date or title. Original in Bibliotheque Nationale 
Paris. Cartes B. 2624. The map occurs in an atlas signed "Bap- 
tista Agnese Januensis fecit, Venetiis anno Domini 1543, die 25 
junii." Ms. on parchment, vol. in 4°. The map of America 
shows the Peninsula of Florida, the Gulf of Mexico and the Penin- 
sula of California as far n. as "punto engimo" {sic for engano?) on 
the Pacific. No. 187 in Quatricme Centenaire de la Decouverte de 
I'Amerique. Catalogue des Documents Geographiques exposes 
a ... la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. wl -10 

Note. — See title 32 for references to works relating to Agnese. 

Consult G. Uzielli and P. Amat di S. Filippo, Studi biografici e bibliografici, 

title 173, for a description of the map. 

The following note appears in descriptive text by Winsor to the Kohl Collection 

for the reproduction no. 5G: 

' ' The original is a manuscript map in the Collection of the Duke of Gotha, signed, 

"Baptista Agnese fecit Venetiis 1543 die 18 Februarii." It shows the eastern 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 49 

coast from Labrador to the Straits of Magellan; and the western coast, stopping 
just north of the same Straits, ia renewed at Southern Peru, and extends to 
the upper verge of Central America. It notes the discoveries of Ayllon on 
the Carolina coast. It is jiartly reproduced in Kohl's Discovery of Maine, 316. 
The Studi biog. e bibliog. ddla soc. geog. ilal., ii, p. 134, notes an atlas hydro- 
graphique (showing the world and America) also in the Ducal library at Gotha. 
There are various other Agnese maps of about this date. One, dated June 25, 
in the Huth library, is referred to in Harrisse's Cabots, p. 189; another in the 
Biblioteca Laurenziana at Florence is dated Feb. 12. In this chart no. 3 shows 
the Pacific with America and the Moluccas; no. 4, the Atlantic with the Ameri- 
can coast; BO. 12 is a general map, indicating the route of Magellan. Cf. Studi, 
etc., n, p. 131. One of 1544 is in the Royal library at Dresden; it is signed at 
Venice. Cf. Studi, etc., ii, p. 132. Another of 1545 is in the Biblioteca Marci- 
ana at Venice. CJ. Studi, etc., ii, p. 132 Cf. references in Winsor's Bibliog. 
of Ptolemy's Geog., sub anno 1548. The Studi, etc., ii, p. 129, notes an Agnese 
atlas (153(3-50) in the Royal library at Munich; and (p. 159) another in the 
National library at Florence as of the sixteenth century, containing fifteen 
nautical maps, of which no. 2 shows the coasts of the Pacific and no. 3 the east 
coast of America." 

In Nordenskiold's Peripius, -p. 65, is a general reference to the various portolan- 
atlases by Agnese: 

"Battista Agnese is one of the most prolific portolan-draughtsmen of the 16th 
centuT)'. His works are distinguished by a remarkable elegance and a technical 
perfection, that make them real works of art. On account of their lack of 
originality they are less important in a purely geographical respect than their 
exterior promises. They, however, formed, may be for some years only, what 
one might call the normal-portolano of the new world, and for that reason deserve 
a closer study than has been bestowed on them up to the present. Besides, there 
is in Agnese an oval map of the world, on which ocean-routes are marked. 
.The oldest Agnese-portolano quoted in U.-A. (ii, p. 113) is of 1.527. It ia 
kept in the British-Museum, which further possesses works by the same author 
dated 1529, 1536, 1564 {Cf. Catal. of additions to the Brit. Mus. manuscripts 
1861-7-?, no. 25442) In the Marcian Library there are Agnese-portolanos of 
1545, 1553 (?) and 1554 (reproduced by Ongania xvn.) Besides there are 
works by this industrious map-draughtsman in the Laurentian Library at 
Florence (atlas with 13 maps, 1543); at Munich (atlas with 13 maps, dated 
1536-1550, the maps of America reproduced by Kunstmann); Paris (1543 and 
1548); Dresden (1544); Gotha (1546); Catania (1562), and others. An exceed- 
ingly fine undated portolan-atlaa kept in the Royal Library at Stockholm is 
evidently by Agnese; it is here partly reproduced on pi. xxiv. Agnese is 
also without doubt the author of an anonymous undated portolan-atlas with 
15 charts, in the Bibl. nazionale at Florence, also of le portulan de Malartic, 
described by Paul Gaffarel in Mimoires de la SociHe bourguignonne de giogra- 
phie el d'histoire." 

1543-1550? 
Agnese, Battista. 

Map of the Atlantic coast of North America and West Indies. 
Ms. on parchment 43 x 29 cms. Without name, date or title. 
Original in the University Library, Bologna. Codex no. 997, page 
8. Facsimile same size as original in Konrad Kretschmer's Die 



50 UBRAEY OF CONGRESS 

Agnese, Battista — Continued. 

Entdeckung Amerika's. Berlin, 1892. Text p. 418. Atlas, plate 
XXIV. Shows Florida peninsula. lc 41 

Note. — See title 32 for references to works relating to Agnese. In a list of 
the dated and undated atlases of Agnese in an article by K. Rretschmer, 
entitled: Die Atlanlen des Battista Agnese, published in Zeitschrift der gesell- 
schaftfur crdkunde zu Berlin, 1S96, v. 31, pp. 362-368, he says: "Der Bologneser 
Atlas no. 50 bringt sogar noch vier grosse, in der darstellung hochst 
eigenartige Karten von Amerika, die ich in der Columbusffstschrift der 
Gesellschaft fflr Erdkunde zu Berlin zum ersten mal veroffentlichte." 

1543-50? 
Agnese, Battista. 

New Spain. Ms. on parchment. 43.2 x 26.5 cms. No name, 
date or title. Original m the University Library, Bologna, Codex 
no. 997, page 7. This is a sheet in ms. atlas on parchment of 
Battista Agnese. Copy in 14th Ami. Rep. Bu. Ethn. between pp. 
360-361. Shows Florida, Gulf of Mexico, Civola, Quivira, &c. 
Facsimile same size as original in Konrad Kretchmer's Die 
Entdeckung Amerika's. Berlm 1892. Text p. 418-419. Atlas 
plate XXV. LC 42 

Note. — This map and the previous one, belong to the manuscript atlas on 
parchment, of Agnese, for a description of which see title 41. 

1544? 

Carta de las Antillas, Seno Mejicano y Costas de Tierra-Firme y 
de la iVmerica Sctentrional. Map proper 58 x 43.5 cms. Unsigned. 
Undated. In Cartas de Indias. See Harrisse, Disc. N. Am., pp. 
645-46, who assigns the above date. Shows Florida and New 
Mexico. • LC 43 

Note. — Harrisse, in the above-mentioned work, p. 646, states: 
"Besides, the general appearance of the map, and the lake or wide morass on 
the north of Florida, which seems to be intended for the Okefonoke swamp 
together with the said name of "Apalache and perhaps those of "Rio de loa 
Angeles" and "C. Romo," lead us to think that some of the data used in the 
present map were gathered during the famous expedition of Hernando de 
Soto, initiated May 12, 1539, but the results of which were known only in 
Spain in 1544." 

The full title of the work in which this reproduction is found is Cartas de Indias. 
Publicadas por primcra vez el ministerio defomento. fol. Madrid, 1S77. 
The only reference to this and the other maps is this attached note, p. xvl. 
"Terminan las ilustraciones cuatro mapas: el de la Australia, fotolitografiado, 
y en cromolitografia el de los rios Amazonas, Esequivo, etc., y las Cartas de 
las Antillas, Seno mexicano y Costas de Tierra Firme, y de los Estrechos de 
Magallanes y l.e Maire; los cuales se dan & luz atendidos su interns 6 curiosidad, 
aunque ninguno de bus originales tiene relacion inmediata, particular ni 
general, con los textos que se publican." 



THE LOWERY COLi,ECTION 51 

1544 

Cabot, Sebastian, 1474?-lo57. 

"Cabot map. " Ms. No name, date or title. Original in 
Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris. Copy in 14tb Ann. Rept. Bur. 
Eth. bet. pp. 352-353. Winsor's Narrative and critical history of 
America, v. ii, pp. 113, 227, 243. — "Cabot bibliography" by 
George Parker Winship. Stevens, London, 1900. Shows Florida 
with names. See Quatrieme Centenaire &c. no. 59. wl 44 



Note. — Harrisse, in hia work on the Cabots, p. 2 
"The engraved planisphere dated 1544, preserved in the geographical de- 
partment of the Paris national library, and which is the only cartographical 
work of Cabot now in existence." 

Various references to Cabot are found in Winsor's Description of the Kohl 
Collection, titles 26, 27, 29, SO, 56, 81, 225, 252, 217, 388. 

A reproduction is found in Jomard's Les monuments de la geographie. Paris, 
[1S42-62] map 20. For a description of this work see Phillips' List of Geograph- 
ical Atlases, title 251. The portions relating to America are found in Kretsch- 
mer, Die entdechung Amerika's, tafel 16, and in Frontiires entre le Bresil et la 
Guyane fran^ise . . . Paris, 1899-1900, no. 6. For descriptions of these two 
works consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, titles 1136 and 2720. 
See also Nordenskiold's Facsimile-alias and Peri plus for references to this map. 
A reproduction of the american part is in pi. 4, no. 1, of Henry Stevens's 
Historical and geographical notes. 
The following is a list of works relating to the Cabots : 

Avezac de Castera de Macaya, Marie Armand Pascal d'. A letter on the voyages 
of John and Sebastian Cabot. 

[In Kohl, Johann Georg. A history of the discovery of the east coast of North 
America. 8°. Portland, Bailey & Noyes, 1869: Maine historical society. Col- 
lections. 2d series, v. 1, pp. 499-514] 

Avezac de Castera-Macaya, M. A. P. d'. Les navigations terre-neuviennes de 
Jean & Sehastien Cabot: lettreau reverend Leonard Woods . . . lue en communica- 
tion a la seance trimestrielle desciiiq academics de V Institut de France le 6 octobre 
1869. Paris, E. Donnaud, 1869. 20 p. 4°. 

Beaudouin, Joseph Damase. Jean Cabot. 105 pp. 12°. Levis, P. G. Roy, 
1898. {Half-title: Bibliotheque canadienne) 

Beazley, Charles Rajonond. John and Sebastian Cabot: the discovery of Xorth 
America. 3 p. I., xi-xx, 311, [1] p. front, {port.) 2 maps. 12°. New Yorlc, 
Longmans, Green & co., 1898. (Half-title: Builders of Greater Britain) 
Biggar, Henry Percival . . . The voyages of the Cabots and of the Corte-Reals 
to North America and Greenland, 149%-lo03 . . . 113 p. incl. maps. 7 maps 
{partly fold.) 8°. Paris [Macon, Protat frires] 1903. 
" Extrait de la Revue hispanique, tome x." 

Biddle, Richard. A memoir of Sebastian Cabot: with a review of the history of 
maritime discovery. Illustrated by documents from the rolls, now first published, 
viii, v, [7}-333, [l]p. 8°. London, Hurst, Chance, & co., 1831. 
Published anonymously. 

Butrigarius, Galeatus. A discourse of dyuers vyages and wayes by the whiche 
Spices, Precious stones, and golde were brought in owlde tyme from India into 
Europe and other partes of the world. Also of the vyage to Cathay and East India 
by the north sea: And of certeyne secreates touchynge the same vyage, declared by 
the duke of Moscouie his amhassadoure to an excellent lerned gentelman of Italie, 



52 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Cabot, Sebastian, 1474 ?-1557— Continued. 

named Galeatius Butrigarius. Lykewyse of the ryages of that noorthy ovlde 
man Sebastian Cabote, yet liuynge in Englande . . . 

[In Eden Richard, ed. The Decades of the neve uorlde or nest India . . . Lon- 
dini, 1555. 19 cm. I. 249-258] 

[In Arber, Edward, ed. The first three English books on America. 

Birmingham, 1885. 4°. p. 283-294] 

" The Cabot roll." The customs roll of the port of Bristol, a. D. 1496-1499. 
Translated from the anginal manuscript recently discovered at Westminster abbey 
by Edward Scott . . . with an introduction relating to entries of the royal pension 
paid to John Cabot, navigator, by Alfred E. Hull, . . . cover-title, 10 l.Sfacdm. 
fol. Bristol, W. George's sons, 1897. 

Latin with english translation. "150 copies onl.y." No. 77. Cabot, Sebas- 
tian. A discourse of Sebastian Cabot touching his discouery of part of the West 
India. 

[In Eahluyt, Richard. Collection of voyages. London, 1809-12. v. S {1810) 
p. 27-28] ' 

Reprint from the 2d ed. of the Principal navigations, 1598-1600. 
Cabot, Sebastian, 1474-1557. Discoprimento del rrwre settentrionale sino al gran 
flume Obbo, fatto del mese di maggio del 1556. 

[In Ramusio, Giovanni Battista. Navigationi et viaggi. Venetia, 1563-83. fol. 
V. 2 (1583) I. 211-219] 

Colombo, Cristoforo. The journal of Christopher Columbus (during his first 
voyage, 1492-93) and documents relating to the voyages of John Cabot and Caspar 
Corte Real. Tr., with notes and an introduction, by Clements R. Marham . . . 
via, liv, 259 p. pi., fold. maps. 8°. London, for the Eahluyt society, 1893. 
(Half-title: Works issued by the Eakluyt society, no. Lxxxvi) 
Dawson, Samuel Edward. Memorandum upon the Cabot map. 
[In Canada. Archives. Report on Canadian archives. By Douglas Brymner. 
1897. 8°. Ottawa, S. E. Dawson, 1898. pp. 102-125. 2 maps] 
One map is a reproduction of the map of the world 1544, half size; the other, 
North American portion. 

Dawson, S. E. The voyages of the Cabots. Latest phases of the controvert. 
(Read June 23, 1899) 

[In Royal society of Canada. Transactions. 1897. 8°. Ottawa, J. Durie & 
son, 1897. V. 3, 2d series, section 2. pp. 139-268, 3 maps] 
Appendix to section ii. The Cabots legends (See ante p. 2()8) pp. 429-450. 
Deane, Charles. The mappemonde of Sebastian Cabot. 

[In Science. An illustrated journal published weekly. Feb. 23, 1883. 4°. 
Cambridge, Mass., 1883. v. 1, pp. 62-65] 

Deane, C. Remarks on Sebastian Cabot's mappemonde. Reprinted from the 
Proceedings of the American antiquarian society, for april, 1867. 1 p. I., 8 p. 
8°. Cambridge [Mass.] Press of J. Wilson & son; 1867. 
"Fifty copies printed." — Ms. note by author. 
Deane, C. The voyages of the Cabots. 

[In Winsor, Justin. Narrative and critical history of America. 8°. Boston and 
New York [1884] v. 3, pp. 1-58. 2 maps] 

Desimoni, Cornelio. Intomo a Giovanni Caboto, Genovese, scopritore del Labrador 
e di altre regioni dell' alta America Settentrionale; documenti pubblicati edillustrati 
daW Aw. Cornelio Desimoni . . . Genova, Tip. del R. istitulo de' sordo-muti, 
1881. 63 p. 4°. "Estratto dal vol. xv degli Atti della Societa ligure di storia 
patria." 
"Libri consul tati direttamente dall' autore": p. [5-6] 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 53 

Dionne, Narcisse Eutrope. John and Sebastian Cabot. 46 p., J I. 4°. Quebec, 

n. Renault, 1S9S. 

"One hundred and twenty-Jive numbered copies issued. Xo. 28." 

Also published in Le Courrier du livre; canadiana, 1S9S, v. S, p. 8-18, [35}-46. 

Drake, Samuel Adams, supposed author. Cabot. 6 p. 12° {Boston, Little, 

Brown, i- co., '1S75] 

Extract from the Encyclopsedia britannica. Published anonymously. 

Hakes, Harrj'. John and Sebastian Cabot, a four hundredth anniversary memorial 

of the discovery of America. Read before the Wyoming historical and geological 

society, June 24th, 1897. Prepared at the request of and pub. by the society. 14 p. 

8°. Wilkes-Barre, Pa., 1897. 

Hakluyt, Richard. Divers voyages touching the discovery of America and the 

islands adjacent. Collected and published by Richard Hakluyt . . . in the year 

1582. Ed., with notes and an introduction, by John Winter Jones ... S p.l., 

cxi, 171, 6 pp. Sfold.facsim. {incl. 2 maps) 8°. London, for the Hakluyt society, 

1850. Added t.-p.: Works issued by the Hakluyt society [v. 7] 

Reprint of original edition, including t.-p. 

Harrisse, Henry. L'atterrage de Jean Cabot au continent americain en 1497; 

memoire lu i la Sociei e royale des sciences de GMtingue dans sa seance du SO octobre 

1897 et extrait de ses Xachrichten. 25 p. 8°. Gmttingue, W. F. Kaestner, 1897. 

[His Opuscules, v. 1, no. 16] 

Harrisse, H. The Cabots; notes on certain papers contributed to the Transactions of 

this society, cover-title, 103-106 p. 4°. Ottawa, by J. Hope & sons; [etc., etc.] 

1898. [His Opuscules, v. 1, no. 15] 

"From the Transactions of the Royal society of Canada, second series — 1898-99, 

volume IV, section li.'' 

"In rectification of some statements in papers contributed by S. E. Dawson to 

the Transaction of 1894, 1895 and 1897." 

Harrisse, Henry. The date of Cabot's discovery of the american continent, and an 

alleged forgery of Chatterton. A rejoinder .. . 12 p. 16°. London, B. F.Stevens, 

1897. [His Opuscules, v. 2, no. 11] 

"Reprinted from Xotes and queries, august 14, 1897." 

A rejoinder to replies by G. E. Weare and G. R. F. Prowse, in "Xotes and 

queries" for July 17, 1897, to an article by Harrisse, entitled, "John Cabot and 

the Matthew," in " Xotes and queries" for June 26, 1897. 

Harrisse, Henry. Did Cabot return from his second voyage? cover-title, 7 p. 4°. 

[Xeiv York, 1898] [His Opuscules, v. 1, no. 17] Extracted from the American 

historical review, v. 3, no. 3, april, 1898, p. 449-455. 

Harrisse, Henry. The discovery of Xorth America by John Cabot; the alleged date 

and landfall, also the ship's name, the " Mattheiv," a forgery of Chattertonf 3d ed., 

rev. and enl. 47 p. 12° . London, B. F. Stevens, 1897. 

"The greatest part of the present paper first appeared in the June, 1897, number 

of "The Forum.'" 

Harrisse, Henry. Jean et Sebastian Cabot, leurorigine et leurs voyages: etude d'his- 

toire critique; suivie d'une cartographic, d'une bibliographic et d'une chronologic des 

voyages au nord-ouest de 1497 & 1550, d'apris des documents inedits. 2 p. I., 

400 p. fold, map (facsim. in col.) 4°. Paris, E. Leroux, 1882. {Half-title: 

Recueil de voyages et de documents pour servir a I'histoire de la geographie depuis 

le xiw jusqu'a la fin du xvi' siicle, pub. sous la direction de MM. Ch. Schefcr . . . 

et Henri Cordier. i) 

The map is a facsimile by Pilinski, after a unique copy in the Bibliotheque 

nationale at Paris, of a planisphere said to have been made by Sebastian Cabot, 

in 1.544. The portion here reproduced is that relating to Cabot's alleged dis- 



54 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Cabot, Sebastian, 1474 ?-1557— Continued. 

"Cartographic"; p. [137]-252. " Chronologie " : p. [253J-306. "Appendices 
[documents]": p. [307J-366. "BibUographie": p. [367]-375. 
Harrisse, Henry. John Cabot, the discoverer of North America, and Sebastian, his 
son; a chapter of the maritime history of England under the Tudors, 1496-1557. 
xi, 503 p. maps, /acsim. 8°. London, B. F. Stevens, 1896. 
Harrisse, Henry. Sebastien Cabot, pilote-major d'Espagne, considere comme car- 
tographe. 19 p. 4°. Pari^, C. Delagrave, 1897. 
[Bis Opuscules, v. 2, no. 7] 
"Extrait de la Revue de geographie." 

Harrisse, Henry. Sebastien Cabot pilote-major d'Espagne considere comme carta- 
graphe. 

[In Revue de geographic. Juin, 1897. 8°. Paris, C. Delagrave, 1897. v. 40, 
pp. 401-408] 

Harrisse, Henry. Sebastien Cabot, pilote-major d'Espagne, considere comme navi- 
gateur. 19 p. incl. map. 4°. Paris, institut geographique de Paris; C. Dela- 
grave, 1897. 

[Eis Opuscules, v. 1, no. 14] 
"Extrait de la Revue de geographie." 

Harrisse, Henry. The outcome of the Cabot quater-centenary. 1 p. I., 24 p. 4°. 
New York, 1898. 
[His Opuscules, v. 1, no. 18] 

"Reprinted from the American historical review." 

Hart, Albert Bushnell, and Channing, Edward. Documents describing the voyage 
of John Cabotin 1497. 14p. 12°. NewYork,A.Lovell &■ co.,189S. [American 
history leaflets ... no. 9. May, 1893] Caption title. 

Hodges, Elizabeth. The Cabots and the discovery of America. With a brief 
description and history of Brandon Hill, the site of tlie Cabot memorial tower. 
Illustrated by S. Loxlon. 32 p. illus. ,{incl. port, maps). 8°. London, E. 
Nister [etc., etc., 1897 f] 

Horsford, Eben Norton. John Cabot's landfall in 1497, and the site of Norum- 
bega. A letter to chief-justice Daly, president of the American geographical 
society. 42 p. front., 8maps. sq.fol. Cambridge[Mass.] J Wilson & son, 1886. 
The writer's conclusions are that Salem Neck, Mass., is the site of Cabot's 
landfall and that Norumbega was located on the Charles river in the present 
town of Weston, Mass. 
Howley, James P. The landfall of Cabot. 

[In Geographical society of Quebec. Transactions. 1886-89. 8°. Quebec, 
L. J. Demers & frire, 1889. pp. 67-78, 2 fold, maps] 

Howley, Michael F. CaboVs voyages. A leilure delivered in St. Patrick's hall, 
for the Athenseum, St. John's, Newfoundland. January 11th, 1877. 39 p. 
fold. map. 8°. [St. John's] Devine & 0' Mara, printers [1897] 
Kidder, Frederic. The discovery of North America by John Cabot. A first chapter 
in the history of North America. 15 p. incl. 2 maps. 8°. Boston, printed for 
private circulation [by D. Clapp & son] 1878. 

"Read before the Maine historical society, at Bath, february 17, 1874. Re- 
printed from the New England hLstorical and genealogical register for October, 
1878." 

Kohl, Johann Georg. A history of the discovery of Maine. With an appendix 
on the voyages of the Cabots, by m. d'Avezac ... 2 p. l., viii pp., 1 I., 9-535 
pp. 22 mxips {partly fold.) Portland, Bailey & Noyes, 1869. {Maine historical 
society. Documentary history of the stale of Maine, v. 1) Ed. by William Willis. 
Half-title: Collections of the Maine historical society. Second series. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 55 

Special half-title: A history of the discovery of the east coast of North America, 
particularly the coast of Maine; from the Northmen in 990, to the charter of Gilbert 
in 157S. Illustrated by copies of the earliest maps and charts. 
Medina, Jose Toribio. El veneciano Sebastidn Caboto, at servicio de Espaha y 
especialmente de su proyectado viaje d las Molucas par el eslrecho de Magallanes 
y al reconocimiento de la costa del continente hasta la gobemacidn de Pedrarias 
Ddvila, por^Josi Toribio Medina ... S v. front, (port.) facsims. fol, San- 
tiago de Chile, impr. y encnademacidn universitaria, 1908. 

"Memoria presentada & la Universidad de Chile en conformidad d lo dispuesto 
en el artfculo 22 de la ley de 9 de enero de 1879 sobre instrucci6n secundaria y 
superior." " Bibliografia hispano-cabotiana " : v. 1, p. [551]-608. 
Nicholls, James Fawckner. The remarkable life, adventures and discoveries of 
Sebastian Cabot, of Bristol, the founder of Great Britain's maritime power, discov- 
erer of America and its first colonizer . XV, 190 pp., 1 I. front, {port.) map. 12°. 
London, S. Low, son, & Marston, 1S69. 

Olson, Julius Emil, ed. The Northmen, Columbus and Cabot, 9S5-1503 : The 
voyages of the Northmen . . . The voyages of Columbus and of John Cabot, 
ed. by Edtvard Gaylord Bourne . . . with maps and a facsimile reproduction. 
XV, 44J pp., 2 fold, vnaps, facsim. S°. New York, C. Scribner's sons, 1906. 
(Half-title. Original narratives of early American history . . .) 
Series title also at head of t.-p. 

Ober, Frederick Albion. John and Sebastian Cabot. 5 p. I., 299, [1] pp. front., 
plates, ports., map, facsim. 12°. New York and London, Harper & brothers, 
190S. (Half-title: Heroes of american history) 
Series title also on t.-p. 

"Sources of information": verso of 4th prelim, leaf. 

O'Brien, Cornelius, archbishop. Cabot's landfall and chart: some criticisms 
answered. 

[In Royal society of Canada. Transactions. 1899. 8°. Ottawa, J. Hope & 
son. 1899. V. 5, 2d series, section 2, pp. 427-455] 

Oules, Felix F. El primer establecimienlo espanol en el territorio argentino; 
noticia historico-geogrdfica (1517-1902) 29p.illus. 4°. Buenos Aires, Coni her- 
manos, 1902. 

"Edicion de 100 ejemplares." 

Porter, Edward Griffin. The Cabot quadri-centenary celebrations at Bristol, 
Halifax and St. John's in June, 1897. Boston, reprinted from the New England 
magazine, 1898. 1 p. I., 65.3-671 p. illus. (incl. ports., maps) pi. 8°. Cover- 
title: The Cabot celebrations, 1497-1897. 

Porter, Edward'Grilfin. Report of the Cabot proceedings at the Halifax meeting 
of the Royal society of Canada, June 21-25, 1897. 10 p. 8°. Cambridge, J. 
Wilson <t son, 1897. 

Presented at the October (1897) meeting of the Massachusetts historical society. 
Also published in the Proceedings of the society, 2d series, v. 12, p. 2-9. 
Prowse, George Robert Farrar. The Cabot landfall. 

[In International geographic congress. United States. Report of the eighth inter- 
national geographic congress. 1904. 8°. Washington, government printing 
office, 1905. pp. 905-912] 

Prowse, George Robert Farrar. The voyage of John Cabot in 1497 to North 
America; the time occupied in coasting also the island of St. John. Mr. G. R. F. 
Prowse' s further reply to mr. Henry Earrissee ... 7 p. 8°. Bradford [Out.] 
privately printed for the author, 1897. 

"Reprinted from Notes and queries, September 11th, 1897. 
Smith, Charles C. Cabot's mappemonde. 

Remarks [in communicating from the papers of the late Charles Deane, copies of 
the Spanish and latin inscriptions on Cabot's mappemonde, now in the National 



56 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Cabot, Sebastian, 1474?-1557 — Continued. 

library at Paris, with a translation of them into cnr/lish] 35 pp. 
1891] 

[Reprinted for private distribution from Mass. historical Society. Proceedings, 
feb. 12, 1891]' 

Same. 

[In Massachusetts historical society. Proceedings. Feb. 1891. 8°. Boston, 1891. 
2d series, v. 6, pp. 30.5-339] 

Stevens, Henry. Sebastian Cabot- John Cabot = 0. 32 p. 1G°. Boston, office 
of the Daily advertiser [etc.] 1870. 

A review of J. F. Nicholls's The remarkable life, adventures ami discoveries of 
Sebastian Cabot, London, 1869. 

Tarducci, Francesco. Di Giovanni e Sehastiano C'abote. Memorie raccolte e 
documentate. [4] 429 pp. 8°. Venezia, Prem. stabilim^nto tip. fratelli Viien- 
tini, 1892. (R. Deputazione veneta di storia patria) 

Tarducci, F. John and Sebastian Cabot. Biographical notice with documents. 
Tr.from Italian by Henry F. Brownson. viii, ii, 409 p. front, (port.) map. 8°. 
Detroit, H. F. Brownson, 1893. 

Weare, George Edward. Cabot's discovery of North America, x, 343 p. front., 
maps. 8°. London, J. Macqueen; Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott, 1897. 
Winship, George Parker. Cabot bibliography; with an introductory essay on 
the careers of the Cabots based upon an independent examination of the sources of 
information. 5 p. I., [ix]-lii pp., 1 L, 180 pp., 1 I. 8°. London, H. Stevens, 
son & Stiles; Nev York, Dodd, Mead & co., 1900. 
Winship, George Parker. John Cabot, and the story of sources. 
[In American historical association. Annual report for 1897. Washington, 
government printing office, 1898. 8°. p. 35-41] 

Winship, George Parker. Some facts about John and Sebastian Cabot ... 22 p. 
4°. Worcester, Mass., C. Hamilton, 1900. 

" From Proceedings of the America antiquarian society, at the semi-annual meet- 
ing, april, 25, 1900." 
Winsor, Justin. The Cabot controversies. 

[In Massachusetts historical society. Proceedings. 2d series. 1896-97. 8°. 
Boston, 1897'. v. 11, pp. 156-169] 

Winsor, Justin. The Cabot controversies and the right of England to North Amerira. 
16 pp. 8°. Cambridge, J. Wilson & son, 1896. 

Reprinted 07ie hundred copies from the proceeding.^ of the Massachusetts historical 
society, 1896. 

Wolkenhauer, Wilhelm. Giovanni Caboto. Zur crinnerung an die entdeckung 
Nord-Ainerikas durch denselben in sommer 1497. 

[In Deutsche rundschau fiir geographic und statistik. October, 1897. 8°. Wien, 
A. Uartleben, 1898. v. 20, pp. 36-40, incl. port.] 

1547 
Vallard, Nicolas. 

Map of New Spain. Original in Collection of Sir Thoma.s Phil- 

lipps, Middlehill, Worcestershire. In ms. atlas of Nicolas Vallard 

of Dieppe. Kohl CoL, U. S. L. C, No. 2.53. Shows Florida with 

names. lc 45 

Note. — "The coast is given from the end of Florida to the Labrador shore, 

developing the Gulf and River St. Lawrence. It is part of a ms. map in the 

Sir Thomas Phillipps collection. The map is endorsed Terre de Bacalos. The 

source of the delineation south of Cape Breton is Spanish, and it shows no trace 



THE LOWERV COLLECTION 57 

of Verrazano. Kohl fhinks that, for the region north of Cape Breton, the map 
is based on the maps of Alfonso and Cartier. He remarks on the half Portuguese 
name of the St. Lawrence, — Rio do Canada. The G. lorens of the map is not 
the great gulf, but a small bay opposite the north shore of Anticosti. The 
eastern shore of Newfoundland has a mixtiu-e of French and Portuguese names. 
On Labrador they are mostly Portuguese. The name of Vallard may signify 
ownership rather than mark the maker. Consult A'or. and Crit. Hut. Anurica, 
IV, p. S6, and for a sketch, p. 87." Consult Winsor's Kohl Collection, no. 154. 
■• This shows the coast of both oceans, from 35° N. to 10° S. latitude. It is from 
the MS. atlas in the Sir Thomas Phillipps Collection. Kohl conjectures that 
the Spanish drafts, apparently used in the making of this map, may have been 
those brought from the peninsula in 1542 by Don Miguel de Sylva." 
Consult the sketch from a ms. atlas in the Bodleian, given in the A'ar. and Crit. 
Hist. America, II, p. 292. Consult Winsor's Kohl Collection, no. 253. 
The manuscript border text to map no. 253 of this collection has the following: 
"This is a copy of a map of New Spain, contained in a manuscript Atlas, in the 
possession of Sir Thomas Phillipps in Middlehill in Worcestershire in England, 
The charts and Maps of this atlas are made in the year 1547 by a Frenchman 
'Nicolas Vallard de Dieppe.' 

"The pre-sent map has (on the back of the sheet) the title: "De la neuve 
Espagne'' (of New Spain) 

" The map is upon the whole very correct, and is of course made after Spanish 
originals. How these Spanish originals came out to France is not known with 
certainty. But it is said, that in the year 1542 'Don Miguel de Sylva,' a bishop 
of Viseo, came out to France from the Pyrenean Peninsula, and brought Portu- 
guese and Spanish maps with him, which were then copied in France. If this is 
true, the original of the map was probably made in the latter time of Cortes' 
government in Mexico or in the beginning of the government of the Viceroy 
Mendoza. 

"This date seems to correspond with the circumstance, that there is on the 
map no indication of California, of which the first general map was compiled in 
Mexico in the year 1541 by Castillo. This Castillos may not yet have arrived 
in Spain at the time of the construction of the original of our map and not yet 
in France, when A'allard (1547) copied it. The manner, in which a large picture 
of the city of Mexico (Temistitan) is embodied into the map (it covers the whole 
interior of the country), shows that the memory of the conquest of this empire was 
slillfrcsh. 

' ' Vallard partly translated his Spanish map into French, and this way made 
sometimes very curious half Spanish, half French names and phrases. For 
instance: 'La mer du Sur' (South Sea) 

"The name 'perou' (Peru) stands on a very strange place, in the middle of the 
Carribean Sea. But it is evident, that it is meant for the whole of South 
America. 

' ' The Latitudes on this map are much better than on all the older maps, and for 
instance on that of Rotz (See our collection) The tropic of Cancer runs to the 
North of Cuba, and the 10° N. L. near the Northshore of Trinidad, which is 
however not quite true yet. 

' ' The Antilles and the Caribean Islands are still better drawn than on Rotz' map. 
Of the great rivers only the mouths are indicated: 

' Rio del Espiritu '=Mississippi. ' Rio grande '=Magdalena river. 'Rio do 
by '(?)=Orinoco. ' Rio forcado'=Es'^equebo. 
"Only the San Juan in Central America is carried to its lake and well rej)re- 



58 LIBRAKY OF CONGRESS 

Vallard, Nicolas— Continued. 

"The Laguna de Maracaybo is doubled, which doubling of the picture on the 
old maps— curious enough! happens repeatedly with lakes, islands and other 
objects. 

"The interior of South America is filled with portraits of conquerors and of 
Indians, working in the mines. 

"To enter into a criticism of every name is here impossible for us." 
"Atlas signed ' Nicolas Vallard de Dieppe, dans I'annee 1547.' Barbie du 
BocAGE, who describes this collection of maps, considers that this inscription 
gives the name of the drawer, others that it means a former owner of the map. 
(R. H. Major: Early voyages to Terra Australia, London, Eachluyt society 1859 
p. XXXV.) It belonged to Talleyrand and was afterwards included in Sir Thomas 
Phillips's collection at Cheltenham. Northeastern America has been repro- 
duced by Kohl {Dis. of Maine, pi. xix) " Consult Nordenskiold, Periplus, 
p. 159. Consult also: 

Barbie du Bocage, Jean Denis. Notiz uber einen alien handschriftlichen See-atlas 
aus der Bibliothek Sr. Durchl. des Herzogs von Benevent, vorgelesen in der offent 
lichen Sitzung des National- Instituts zu Paris am 3. Jul. 1S07. 
[In Allgemeine geographische ephemeriden. 8°. Weimar, 1808. v. 24. pp. 
315-326] 

"Das Manuscript, von welchem hier gesprochen wird, ist ein hydrographischei 
Atlas, zu Dieppe im J. 1547, von Nicolas Vallard aus Dieppe verfertiget, 
welchem man auch die ostliche und westliche Kuste des continents von Neu- 
holland SLUgezeigt findet." 

1548 

Medina, Pedro de, 1493-1567. 

Nvevo Mvndo. — Del libro de las grandezas y cosas memorables 
de Espana, por el Maestro Pedro de Medina, Cosmografo. Sevilla, 
1548. 10 X 10 cms. wl 45 a 

Note. — A reproduction of this map is in the Kohl Collection, no. 59, with the 
following border manuscript description by Kohl: 

" This is a copy of a map of America, which is to be found in the Spanish work: 
' Libro de grandezas y casas memorables de Spana, agora de nuevo fecho y 
copilada por el Maestro Pedro de Medina, vezino de Sevilla, dirigido al Senor 
Don Felipe principe de Espaiia nuestro Senor mdxlix.' 

"(The book of the great and memorable things of Spain, now made anew and 
compiled by the Master Peter de Medina, citizen of Sevilla, directed to Don 
Felipe, prince of Spain, our master 1549) 

' ' This is one of the earliest maps which were printed in Spain . That accompany- 
ing the work of Gomara of 1554 (See oiu- Collection) is the second. These early 
Spanish printed maps resemble each other all in this, that they are of a very 
Bmall size. Probably the Spanish monarchs did not wish to have maps of 
America published on a large scale. The[y] resemble each other also in this cir- 
cumstance, that they have not adopted the name of America, and that they call 
South America generally: ' Peru ' and North America: ' Nueva Espana ' (New 
Spain) and the whole: 'Nueva Mundo ' (The New World) 
" Our map is also in this respect alike to the following of Gomara, that both show 
nothing of California and end both on a Meridian not far to the West of Mexico. 
The Meridian, on which on our map the Degrees of Latitude are numbered, 
is in the same time the Line of Demarcation between Portugal and Spain. It 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 59 

cuts off for Portugal only the Eastern Peninsula of Brazil and includes for 

Spain the whole Amazonas and La Plata river. . 

"Some peculiarities on our map are still the following: The Amazonas river haa 

two names. The lower part is called: 'Maranon' and the upper 'Rio de las 

Amazonas.' It runs from the West North West. 

"The town Lima is called with its old name: 'Los reyes.' 'Damaica' instead 

of Jamaica, 'S. Ju'=^an Juan de Portorico. 'R. Spo. S'''^Rio del Espiritu 

Santo^ilississippi. 

' ' The Strait of Magellan is made exactly in the same manner as on the much later 

maps of Herrera and Cespedes. (See our collection)" 

For information relating to this map, the author and the work from which it 

was taken, consult title 101. 

1550? 

Miinster, Sebastian, 1489-1552. 

NoTfe Insulfe. 34 x 25.5 cms. Latin text on reverse. In his 
Cosmographia, Basle, 1550, or in the Latin translation of his 
works made by himself. 1550-1554? This map first occurs in 
Ptolemy's Geographia Universalis of 1540, edited by Munster with 
the title "Novae Insulse. xvir Nova Tabula" also in the Munster 
Ptolomies of 1542, 1545, 1552. It appears with the title "Tabula 
nouarum insularum, quas diuersis respectibus Occidentalis & In- 
dianas uocant " in CosmographiiB uniuersalis . . . Auctore Sebast. 
Munstero, BasQsee 1550 ; also in the 1559 edition. See Har- 
risse, The Discovery of North America, p. 607. See the map dis- 
cussed in the "Sebastian Miinster" of Viktor Hantzsch, Leipzig, 
1898. p. 102. in vol. 18 of Abhandelungen der philologische-his- 
torischen Classe der Konigl. Sachsischen Gesellschaft der Wissen- 
schaften. See Nar. & Crit. Hist. Am., Vol. iii, p. 199-200. 

WL 46 
Note. — Reproduced as no. 58 of Kohl Collection. Also in Kretschmer's Die 
entdeekung Amerika's, pt. 19, no. 1. 

See description of the 1540 ed. of Ptolemy in Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases, no. 365, and for the 1548 edition, the first Italian edition of Ptolemy, 
title 369. For the editions of 1542, 1545, and 1552 consult this work. A repro- 
duction of the Ptolemy-Miinster, 1540, is found in J. B. Thacher's The con- 
tinent of America . . . NewYork, 1S96. At end. 

Nordenskiold, Facsimile-atlas, refers to the following subjects in connection 
with Munster: His editions of Ptolemy, 23b, 25a, 26a, 90b, 112b.— Maps in these 
29, 108b, 117a. — Cosmography, 108b.— Catalogue of its maps 110a.— Description 
of the map of Nicolaus a Cusa 129b. Novus Orbis 105b. Map of the world 
102b.— Map of America 82a, 102b, 113.— Map of Russia 114b, 115.— Merits and 
errors 24a. — His maps generally without graduation 12n. — Figures and orna- 
ments on his maps 21b, 61b.— In the catalogue of Ortelius 130b.— Portolanoa 
xinknown to him 45a. 

Henrj' Stevens' Bistorieal and geographical notes, map no. 4, p. 5S, gives "Part 
of Sebastian Miinster's map of the world from the Novus Orhis of Grynaeus, 
Basil, 1532." 

The impression described in the title is not in the latin edition of 1550 of 
Miinster's Cosmographia. The title on verso is: 



60 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Munster, Sebastian, 1489-1552 — Continued. 

• Novamn imvlarvm descriplio, followed by 36 lines of text descriptive of Amer- 
ica. The title on the face of the map, above the top border is Novie insvlx. 
The Library of Congress has, besides the edition of 1550, the editions of 1554 
latin, 1558 german, 1559 latin, 1564 german, 1575 Italian, 1598 german, 1628 
german. 

The verso of the copy in the 1550 edition is entitled: JVovvs orbis, qviinsvlas 
habet Indici Oceani . . . followed by six lines of descriptive text. 
The maps in all of these editions are similar, except the editions of 1598 german 
and 1628 german which are entitled: 

Die newen inseln jso hinder Hispaniam gegen orientj hey dem landt Indie gelegen. 
The article in Harrisse, referred to in the title, is entitled MUnster's first map, 
and includes pp. 607-609. 
The following works relate to Munster: 
Beazley, Charles Raymond. Sebastian Miinster. 

[In Royal geographical society. The geographical journal. April, 1901. 8°. 
London, 1901. v. 17, no. 4, pp. 423-425] 
A review of Hantzsch's Sebastian Munster. 

Dufour, Valentin. Note sur un ancien plan de Paris sans date copie par Sehastien 
Munster. 

[In Societe de Vhistoire de Paris et de Vile de France. Bulletin 9« annie 1882. 
8°. Paris, 1882. pp. 45-56. 1 plan] 

Hantzsch, Karl Viktor Gustav. Sebastian Miinster, leben, werk, vnssenschaftliehe 
bedeutung ... 1 p. l, 187 pp. fol. Leipzig, G. B. Teubner, 1898. 
"Des XVIII. bandes der Abhandlungen der Philologisch-historischen clause der 
Kmigl. sixchsischen gesellschaft der wissenschaften, no. iii." 
"With extensive bibliographical notes." 
"Verzeichniss der 142 karten MUnster's": p. 72-123. 
Memoir. By Ludwig Seiger. 

[In Allgemeine deutsche biographic. 8°. Leipzig, 1SS6. v. 23, pp. SOSS] 
Phillips, Henry, jr. An account of an old work on cosmography. 
[In American philosophical society. Proceedings. Jan. 1880. 8°. Philadel- 
phia, 1880. V. 18, pp. 443-451] 

Phillips, n., jr. An account of two maps of America, published, respectively, in 
1550 and 1555. 

[In New Jersey historical society. Proceedings. 2d series. 1880. 8". Newark, 
1880. V. 6, pp. 105-109] 

The first from Sebastian Miinster's Cosmographia universalis. Basle, 1550, 
the second from Simon Grynoeus, Novus orbis, Basle, 1555. 
Thevet, Andr6. Sebastian Munster. 

[In his Les vrais povrlraits et vies des hommes illvstres. fol. Paris, par la refue 
I. Keruert & G. Chaudiere, 1584, v. 2, pp. 559-562 incl. portrait] 
Vogelin, Friedrich Salomon. Sebastian Miinster's Cosmography. 
[In Easier jahrbuch, 1882. Herausgegeben von Albert Burekhardt and Rudolf 
Wackernagel. 12". Basel, C. Detloff, 1882. p. 110-152] 

Reviewed by Wilhelm Goetz, in Zeitschrift filr wissenschaftliche geographic. 
1882. 8°. Lahr, M. Schauenburg, 1882. v. S, pp. 81-83. 
Wilkens, C. Geographische karte von dem Niederstift Miinster nebst den Angrdnzen 
den Landem, 1796. [Review] 

[In Allgemeine geographische ephemeriden. 8°. Weimar, 1798. v. 1, pp. 668-673] 
Winsor, Justin. The cosmographical labors of Sebastian Miinster. 
[In Harvard university . Library. Bulletin of more important accessions. 1879. 
8°. Cambridge, 1879. v. 1, no. 11, page 270] 

Wolkenhaucr, August. Sebastian Miinster's handschriftliches kollegienbuch aus 
denjahren 1515-1518 und seine karten. (Cod. lat. 10691 der Koniglichen Hof- und 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 61 

staatsbibliothek zu Miincheii) 6S pp., li maps on S I. 4°. Berlin, Weidmann, 

1909. 

[Abhandlungen der Koniglkhen gesellschafl der irissenschaften zu Got'ingen. 

Plulotog isch-historische klasse. Neue/olge band xi, no. 3] 

Aa interesting description of the manuscript notebook, with maps of the author 

of the sixteenth century " Cosmographia." 

W'olkeuhauer, August. Seb. Miinster's verschoUene karte von Deutschland von 

15.>5. 

[In Globus. 2 juli 1908. fol. Braunschweig, F. Vieweg & sohn, 1908. v. 94, 

pp. 1-6, 1 facs., 1 map] 

Re\'iewed in Royal geographical society. Journal. Oct. 1908. p. 424. 

1555? 

French map." Ms. No name, date or title. Anonymous. 
Kohl Col., U. S. L. C, Xo» 255. According to Kohl's note on the 
map the approximate date is 1555. His is a copy of the original 
ms. map discovered by Jomard. Shows Florida with names. 

LC 47 

Note. — "This is a copy of anold french manuscript map which the celebrated 
savant Jomard discovered in the possession of a french noble family. 
" Neither the author nor the time of the map are indicated, 
"The most exuaordinary circumstance on the map is this, that there is no 
indication of California at all. The Pacific Coast of America is represented as 
known only as far as a little beyond Tehuantepec ('Teguantepec') From 
there to the North appears no JIar ^'erme]o (California gulf) no Californian 
Peninsula, nothing but a rudely drawn coast line with occasionally an "R" 
(River) or 'B' (Bay) or 'G"' (Gulf) upon it. From this circumstance one 
should be incUned to think that the map was made before the year 1533, for 
after this year the discovery of CaUfornia by Cortes was already known in 
Europe, and all the better maps after 1.533 have California depicted on them. 
Our map has all the Eastern coasts represented v.'ith such an evident care, that it 
seems, the author intended to give all what was known at his time and all what 
he knew himself about these regions. To suppose, that a man, who had so 
good materials, as those must have been, from which he took the Mexican 
Gulf, the Antillian islands, etc., should have no materials at all and no informa- 
tion whatever about the Pacific Coast, if such information and materials existed 
at all, would be inconsistent. 

" There are also no indications on the East Coast, which could force us to adopt 
a later date than 1533. There are for instance no traces of De Soto's expedition 
(1538—13) or of any other later expedition. The features of those Eastern 
Coast, and of the Mexican Ciulf and of the AntilMan were in the same manner 
already represented on former Spanish maps before 1533, for instance on the 
map of Rebeiro, and on those, which served to him as materials. 
" Nevertheless Mr. Jomard, a high authority, believes that the map was made at 
the time of king Henry ii. And if I am right he puts its date in about the year 
1550. I unhappily do not know his reasons for this \'iew, which are no doubt 
very good. 

"AU what I can say is, that the map must have been maxie after 1530 because the 
Bermadas ('La bermude') are upon it, which islands were only discovered 1530, 
and that it cannot have been made after 1554, because then the French dis- 
coveries of Ribaut and Laudonniere (1554) would have been noticed on it. The 



62 LIBEARY OF CONGRESS 

" French map " — Continued. 

mapmaker, who was evidently a frenchman, could not have forgotten the dis- 
coveries of his countrymen. 

" That the map u'os made by a Frenchman is without doubt, because the language 
is partly French partly Spanish. A Spaniard or Italian would never have used 
the French language. 

"Amongst some peculiarities, which the map shows are the following: The 
island 'La Catholique' East of the Lucayan islands. I know nothing about 
the history of this fabulous island. 
".4 very good picture of the American Lyon or the puma. 

"A picture of the Unicorne in the territory of the present state of New York." 
Consult ms. border text to the Kohl reproduction, map no. 255. 
"This is a French map, and shows the Atlantic coa-st, from Maine to Honduras. 
The corresponding Pacific coast from about the latitude of Mexico (City), is a 
mere north-and-south line, with conventional river-mouths. Kohl says the 
original was discovered by Jomard in the possession of a French noble family. 
To judge from the absence of California one would place the map before (say) 
1535; and the absence of traces of De Soto's and other explorations on the Atlantic 
side would indicate as early a date; but Kohl places it under "about 1555," as 
that was Jomard 's opinion. Kohl is in enor in supposing that the presence of 
Bermuda on the map establishes the date .after 1530; since Bermuda is on the 
Peter Mai'tyr map of 1511, a map unknown to Kohl. It is sketched in the 
\ar. and Crit. Hist. American, ii, p. 224." Consult Winsor's description of 
Kohl Collection, no. 255. 

The sketch here referred to in the Narrative and critical history, v. 2, is in an 
article by Justin Winsor, entitled: 

The early cartography of the gulf of Mexico and adjacent parts. [1518-1597] 
[In his Narrative and critical history of America. 4°. Boston and New York, 
Houghton, Mifflin & co., 1SS6. v. 2, pp. 217-230] 

1558 
Homen, Diego. 

"Mexico." Ms. No name, date or title. Original in the 
British Museum. Kohl Col., U. S. L. C, No. 257, who assigns it 
to Diego Homen, 1558. Shows Florida with names. lc 48 

Note. — "This is a copy of a very remarkable Manuscript Map of Mexico, 

preserved in the British Museum. 

"The map was made by the well known chartographer Diego Homen, by birth a 

Portuguese, in the year 1558. 

' ' The original (as all the manuscripts of Diego Homen) is very carefully painted 

with brilliant colors. It has the curiosity, that the West coast of America is 

painted blue, whilst the East coast has a golden brim. 

" It is the first general map, of which I know, which has embodied into it a very 

accurate picture of the California peninsula and Gulf. 

"The configuration of the Gulf resembles very much to that, given to it on the 

map of Castillo, communicated by Bishop Lorenzano. It has also like that 

map the Northern end of the Gulf 2 degrees too high North. But the numerous 

names of that map are wanting. 

"The Peninsula of California is, however, on the present map much better laid 

down than on that of Ca,stello, and the Latitudes are here also better. For 

instance Isla de Cedros, as the discoverer Ulloa has it in 30° N. L. and not as 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 63 

Castello has it in 27° N. L. Diego Homen had perhaps Ulloa's own maps, 
or sketches made after him. 

"There are, however, on our map no traces of Cabrillo's Cali/ornian voyage oj 
discovery in the year 1542. 

"The city and Lake of Mexico are still represented somewhat large, but at least 
do not cover more [than] the whole country, as on the map of 1547. It is a 
sign, that the great surprise of the world about this discovery had already a 
little diminished. 

" Ri\'or PaniK'o is made to run out from the Lake of Mexico. 
"Th, Mi"i-M|ii.i (Rio Espirito S""") has only on« main channel as on all the old 
Siiani.-h iiKi| -, and not so many fanciful branches, as on later maps. 
'• Thu .Me.\icau Gulf is called 'Sinus magnus Antiliarum ' (the great gulf of the 
Antilles) 

" Central America is very similarly shaped to the map of N. Vallard of 1547 (see 
our collection) Compare for instance the forms given to Yucatan on both maps. 
" They are exactly alike, which is a proof, that Homen and Vallard worked after 
the same originals. 

"Why Homen gives to the South Sea the unusual name of "Oceanus Occidentis " 
(the ocean of the West) I do not know though it could have been with respect to 
America indeed a very good name, more appropriate than that of the South 
Sea." 

Consult border ms. text to map no. 257, Kohl Collection. 
" It shows the coasts of both oceans north of the Ir^thmus of Panama to 33° north 
latitude. A MS. map in colors in the British Museum. Kohl calls it the earliest 
general map to embody the California Peninsula. The "Rio del Spirito Santo" 
(Mississippi) has one main channel. It is sketched in the Nar. and Crit. Hist, 
of America, ii, p. 229." Consult Winsor's Kohl Collection, no. 257. 
The only Homen map mentioned by Harrisse is the one to which he refers as 
• follows, no. 254, p. 646: 

"'The original, among Lord Lumley's (d. 1609) maps in the British Museum, 
is noteworthy from the west coast of the two Americas having no defined or 
supposable limit, the green colour of the Continent simply fading away. The 
eastern coast i.s of the Ribero type. The only names are " Temistitan '' and 
Mundus Nofus.' We know of no map of Diego Homem anterior to 1557." 
A map which has all the characteristics of this map of Homen is found in 
Hantzsch and Schmidt's Kartographische denkmaler zur entdcckungsgeschichte 
von Amerika, Asien, Australienund Afrika . . . Karten der Aussereuropdischen 
Erdttile 156S {13 Blatt) ( Tafel v-xvii) This reproduction dated 1568, is the 
Dresden Manuscript (Mscr. Dresd. F 59a) 
Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 250. 

The text to this work of Hantzsch and Schmidt describes the various known 
maps of Homen and where located and also gives bibliographical and bio- 
graphical information. 

A reproduction of the american portion of the British Museum manuscript 
is found in nos. 11 and 12, the Bibliothfeque Nationale, and nos. 17 and 18 of 
the Biblioth&que Royale de Dresde, in Frontiires entre le Bresil el la Guyana 
franfaise. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title, 2719. 

1558-1561 
Homen, Diego. 

Portuguese atlas. 77 x 55 cms. Ms. on parchment. No name, 
date or title. Original in Bibliotheque Nationale. Cartes. Inv. 
1021. Paris. Attributed by Mr. Harrisse to Diego Homen, ca. 



64 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Homen, Diego — Continued. 

1558-1561. Shows Florida Peninsula with coast names, of which 
I have a tracing. No. 30 & 33 in Quatrieme Centenaire de la 
Decouverte de rAm^rique. Catalogue des Documents Geogra- 
phiques exposes a ... la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. 

WL 49 

Note. — See notice of this work of Homen in Carlo Castellani, Catalogo, p. 250; 
and in v. 2, nos. 418,419,425,427,436, 519, of Uzielli's Slvdi biograficie hihliografici. 
Consult note to title 48 of this work for reproduction and references and also P. 
Amat di S. Filippo, Sludi biografici e hihliografici sulla storia della geografia in 
Italia . . . Roma, 18S2. 

1558 

Lopez, Bastiam. 

Map of the west coasts of Africa and Europe and east coasts of 
North and South America. Signed "Bastiam lopez a fez 1558 
nouembro 15" IVIs. on parchment. Origmal in Brit. Mus. Add. 
Mss. 27,303. Florida appears to be based upon an earlier map 
and tho' curious, is not instructive. Shows the Gulf of Mexico, 
Florida and the Atlantic coast. Not published according to Brit. 
Mus. Catalogue. wl 50 

Note. — "Chart of the coast-lines of pait of Eiu-ope, Africa, and America; " by 
Bastiam Lopez, 15 nov. 1558. Portuguese. Vellum roll, 3 ft. 3 in. x 2 ft. 8 in. 
With paintings. Formerly belonged to M. Olivieri."— B. M. Additional Mss., 
1S54-1S75, no. 27, SOS. 

Nordenskiold, in his Periplus, p. 67, quotes this map, but gives no information 
different from the above. 

1565 

Ramusio, Giovanni Battista, 1485-1557. 

Vniversale della parte del mondo nvovamente ritrovata. 385 
2°-3° Diameter 26.5 cms. Undated. In his Navigationi et 
Viaggi (reprint) Venezia, 1565. vol. iii. wl 51 

Note.— The Library of Congress has copies of this map in the 1556 and 1565 edi- 
tions. According to Sabin's description of the various editions of Ramusio, this 
copy belongs to the 1606 edition, as it has the page nos. 385 2° and 385 3°. The 
map was originally published in the edition of 1556. Sabin in Bibliotheca 
americana, in the description of the various editions of Ramusio, states, title 
67740, collation: 

'"11 Cuschocitta principale della provincia del Perv' on 11. 411 and 412; 'La 
Nvova Francia, Terra de Nvrvmbega, Terra de Laborador, Isola de demoni. 
Terra Nvova' etc., on 11. 424 and 425; 'Brasil' on 11. 427 and 428; 'Parte del 
Africa' on 11. 430 and 431; 'Taprobana' on 11. 433 and 434 (misnumbered 430 
and 431 in the New York Historical Society copy) 'La Terra de Hochelaga 
nella nova Francia' on 11. 446 and 447; and 'Universale della parte del Hondo 
nuovamente ritrovata' on 11. 455 and 456, containing both American continents, 
the northern as La Nova Spagna, and the Southern as El Perv. Also a map of 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 65 

IsoUi Spagnvola on the recto of leaf 44, a plan of the city of Mexico on verso 
of leaf 308, and numerous other woodcuts." 

In collation to title 67741 in connection with the 1565 edition, he further state?: 
"The second edition of the third volume, and a mere reprint of the edition of 
1556, with which it agrees nearly page for page. The double-page woodcut 
maps also have the same leaf numbers. All the woodcuts and maps, however, 
were reengraved for this edition, as those used in the first were destroyed by 
fire in 1557." 

Conjiill also Caitor Thrown Catalogue, pp. 177-183. The following is quoted 
from \-ra.ii-khi|,l'- r<:r...;ini!e-atlas, p. 115: 

"Soiii. niap^ .if ( .a-talili, which were first inserted in the third volume of Ra- 
musio's known collection of voyages printed in 1556. The maps are considered 
to have been finished before 1550. In the Discorso di M. Gio. Battista Ramusio 
sopra U terzo volume delle navigationi & viaggi nella parte del Mondo Nuovo all' 
eccelknte M. Uieronymo Frncastoro dated the 20th of June 1553 and forming the 
introduction to the third volume of Ramusio's work, he says that, on Fracastero's 
repeated request to have four or five maps of the newly discovered lands made 
in the Ptolemaic style, he had asked the distinguished cosmographer Giacomo 
Gast.\ldi to construct a general and tour special maps of those parts of the earth. 
In vol. Ill there are five maps, corresponding to the above communication, ^^z. 
Nuova Francia (a part of Labrador, New Foundland and Canada) Brasil; 
Parte del' Africa; Taprobana and Universale della parte del Mondo nuovamente 
ritrovata. The maps are reproduced by wood-cut. The first mentioned four 
are so imperfect, and so different from all other other maps of Gastaldi which I 
have seen, that they can scarcely be considered as original works of this dis- 
tinguished cosmographer. They seem rather to be copies ornamented in 
Munster's style by some ignorant wood-cutter, from originals of Gastaldi. The 
map of Nova Francia is reproduced in several modern works on America, for 
which I may refer to Hanisse, Cabot, p. 236; Kohl, Discovery of Maine, p. 226; 
and Winsor, Critical History." 
A reproduction is in Kohl Collection, no. 66. 

"The original was made for Ramusio by Gastaldi (about 1550) from material 
gathered by Oviedo, and sent to Ramusio by the Florentine Hieronimo Fra- 
castoro. It is called: " Universale della parte del mondo nuovamente ritro- 
vata." Ramusio dates the introduction to this volume in 1553, which may per- 
haps indicate the date of the map; and the material upon which it was founded 
would seem to include results of Cabrillo's explorations on the CaUfornia coast 
in 1.542^3. 

The maps of the new world, both in this edition, and in that of 1565, are: 
1, New world; 2, Temistitan (Mexico); 3, Cusco in Peru; 4, New France and 
Newfoundland; 5, east part of Brazil; 6, part of America; 7, Taprobano; 
8, Hochelaga, — a bird's-eye view of an Indian camp." Consult Winsor's descrip- 
tion of the Kohl Collection, no. 66. 
The following articles are of interest: 

Grande, Stefano. Le relazioni geografiche fra P. Bembo, G. Fracastoro, G. B. 
Ramusio, G. Gastaldi. 109 pp. 8°. Roma, Soeielh geografica italiana, 1906. 
Reviewed by Gtinther in Petermanns mitteilungen. 1907: Literaturbericht, 
p. 152, title 561. 

Piero, Antonio del. Delia vita e degli studi di Gio. Battista Ramusio. 
[In Nuovo archivo Veneto. Pubblicazione periodica delta r. deputazione Venela 
di storia patria. 1902. 8°. Venezia, 1902. v. 4, pp. 5-112] 
85241°— 12 5 



66 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1566 
Forlani, Paulo. 

La descrittione di tvtto il Perv (with a dedicatory letter signed) 
Paulo di Forlani da Verona. 35.5 x 51.5 cms. (No date) In 
Geografia Tavole moderne di Geografia de la maggior parte del 
Mondo di diversi avtori raccolte et messe secondo I'ordine di 
Tolomeo con i disegni di molte citta et fortezze di diverse provintie 
stampate in rame con stvdio et diligenza in Roma. (16th cent.) 
Shows "Parte de Florida" from C. Roman (E) to "Rio de Nieve" 
in the west. Curious but not instructive. D. Cesareo Fernandez 
Duro in his "Noticia breve de las cartas y pianos existent es en la 
BibHoteca particular de S. M. el Rey" (Bol. de la R! Soc. Geo. de 
Madrid. Tomo. xxvii, pag. 156) says it was probably engraved 
at Venice in 1561. See also Nordenskiold's Facsimile-atlas, pp. 
118, 127, who gives the date of 1566. The British Museum Cat. 
date is 1560? lc 52 

Note. — An original copy of this map is in the Library of Congress copy of the 
rare atlas known as Lafreri's Atlas, the title of which is mentioned above. A 
full description of this copy will be given in the supplement to Phillips' List 
of Geographical Atlases. The title-page of this atlas is reproduced as a title for 
Nordenskiold's Facsimile-atlas, from which work the following is taken. He 
also gives a full table of contents with description of the various maps: 
"The rich border, surrounding this title, of which a facsimile is given on the 
title of the present work, is interesting, because it is the first instance of Atlas 
supporting the earth globe being used in print, as a symbol for a collection of 
maps. Neither the year of printingnor the name of the publisher are mentioned. 
But the engraved title is probably the work of Antonio or Antoine Lafreri, 
a French artist who, together with his uncle Duchet, founded a celebrated 
atelier for copper-engraving at Rome in 1540. This atlas is therefore generally 
cited under the name of Lafreri's Atlas or the Roman Atlas. 
"Many of the maps were engraved in Rome by Lafreri or Duchet, but notwith- 
standing the express statement on the title 'Stampate con studio et diligenza in 
Roma,' the majority of them were printed in Venice or elsewhere in Italy. 
The unfini.fhed state of several of the maps, their curious mounting, difference 
in size etc., seem to indicate that we here only have to deal with a collection 
of the necessary material tor a work resembling that of Ortelius, which Lafreri 
or some other geographer or editor intended to i)ublish at Rome, and for which 
he perhaps had bought convenient plates from different Italian engravers. 
"Such an intention, if it ever existed, was never realized. But this collection 
was the cause that a number of maps were saved from destruction, of which 
probably no traces would otherwise have been found in literature. Wc here 
get an insight into the high development of cartography and of the industry 
of map-printing in Italy in the middle of the 16th century. 
"This collection is seldom mentioned in geographical literature. For example 
it is never alluded to by Lelewel, Humboldt, Peschel, Vivien de St. Martin, 
Ruge, Breusing. Probably only a very limited number of copies were orig- 
inally issued, and at present this atlas is one of the greatest rarities in carto- 
graphical literature. Hence a notable difference exists as to the contents of 
different copies. The following catalogue of the maps in this collection may, 
therefore, be of use to students of the history of cartography. It is founded on 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 67 

two copies, of which one belongs to the library of CoUegio Romano, the other 
to my private collection. Of the former a detailed description is given in 
Carlo Castellani's Calalogo ragionato delle opere geografiche a strimpa che si 
cotiscnano nella biblioteca del Collegio Romano, Roma 1S7G." 
In Uordenskiold's description, the map mentioned in the title is numbered 
102. 

For other bibliographical articles relating to Lafreri's Atlas, consult: 
Carlo Castellani Calalogo . . . , pp. 239-350; the work by Francesco Ehrle 
entitled Roma prima di Sistov la pianta di Roma du Perac-Lafren/ del loll . . . 
Roma, 1908. A notice of a copy of this atlas is also found in the Journal of 
the Royal geographical society. Aug. 1905, v. 26, p. 130. 

A reproduction of this map found in the text, p. 127, of Nordenskiold's Fac- 
simile-alias; also in Kohl Colkction, nos. 360 and 361. 

"The printed map of Paulo di Forlani in the British Museum, without date- 
It is called La descrittione di tulto il Peru. The name of Peru does not other- 
wise occur on it. The eastern extremity is called 'Terra del Brasil.' The 
northwest corner is marked 'Castiglia del Oro.' The Orinoco country is called 
'La nova Andalucia.' The longitude is reckoned apparently from Pico in the 
Azores. There is a copy of the original in Harvard College Library, after 
which a facsimile was made in the Nar. and Crit. Uist. Am^ica, vol. ritt. 
"The map has an Italian inscription, which is to this effect: 'I met some 
months since in Venice a certain Don Diego Hermano, a gentleman of noble 
family, and had with him some talks on geogra]jhy. He presented to me a 
sketch, showing voyages of exploration, and this drawing I have engraved. 
Venice, Dec. 14, 1574. Paolo dei Furlani.' Kohl thinks this map precedes 
no. 360." Consult Winsor's description of the Kohl Collection, nos. 360, 361. 

1566 
Zalteri, Bolognini. 

II Disegno del discoperto della noiia Franza, il quale s'e hauuto 
ultimamente dalla nouissima nauigatione de' Franzesi in quel 
luogo: Kel quale si uedono tutti I'lsole, Porti, Capi et luoghi fra 
terra che in quella sono. Venetijs, jeneis fonnis Bolognini Zaltcrij 
Anno 1566. 40 x 28 cms. 1 cart. In Geogratia Tavole moderne 
di Geografia de la maggior parte del Monde di diversi avtore rac- 
colte et messe secondo I'ordine di Tolomeo con i disegni di molte citta 
et fortezze di diverse provintie stampate in rame con studio et dili- 
genza ill Roma. (16tlicent.) Xo. 107 inQuatrieme Centenaire de 
la Decouverte de I'Amerique. Catalogue des Documents Geogra- 
phiques exposes a la . . . Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. 
Florida, Gulf of Mexico, Cal. as peninsula & continent. Civolo, 
Quivira in extreme X. "W. There is a copy in 14th Ann. Rep. 
Bureau Ethnology, bet. p. 368-369. My facsimile is one of 25 
only on old paper and measures 39.3 x 26.3 cms. ^VL 53 

Note. — This map is also found in the Library of Congress copy of the Lafreri 
Alias mentioned in title 52, the note to which contains bibliographical refer- 
ences. The Library of Congress also possesses a copy of this facsimOe. 



68 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1568 
Vaz Dourado, Fernao. 

Map of the West Indies and Central America. 51.2 x 38 cms. 
Ms. on parchment. No name, date or title. Original in the 
Library of the King of Portugal, Ajuda Palace, Lisbon. It is a 
sheet of ms. atlas on parchment by Fernao vaz Dourado. There 
is a photographic copy (same size as original ?) in Frontieres entre 
le Bresil et la Guyane Franpaise, Atlas. Paris, 1899. No. 18a. 
Shows Florida and Gulf of Mexico with names. lc 54 

Note. — Consult copy of the above work Fronlihes entre le Bresil ... in 
Library of Congress described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 
3719. An earlier map 1564 by the same author, which shows Florida and gulf 
of Mexico, is found in the 2d M^moire of this work. Phillips' List of Geo- 
graphical Atlases, map no. 3, title 2T20. 
For other maps of Vaz Dourado see titles 57, 67, and 68 of this work. 

1569 
Mercator, Gerard, 1512-l.j'J-l. 

Map of the world. Engraved. Shows Florida, Gulf of Mexico, 
Quiuira, Tontonteac, Tiguex, on California coast &c. Copy of 
Northwestern section in 14th Ann. Rep. Bu. Ethn., Pt. I., between 
pp. 372-373. Of Ulterior ibid, between pp. 376-377. The Geo- 
graphical Society of Berlin has published a complete facsimile of 
the map in the Municipal Library of Breslau. There is another 
copy at the Bib. Nat. Paris. lc 50 

Note. — "Prof. Markgraf and Dr. A. Ileyer have lately discovered, in the town- 
library at Breslau, some very important maps of Gerard Mercator, viz.: 
1. A copy of his large map on increasing cylindrical projection of 1569; 2. Ills 
large map of Europe of 1554; 3. His Angliae, Scotiae et Hibemiae nova descrip- 
tio of 1564. Of these maps, 2 and 3 have hitherto been regarded as lost, and of 
1 only a single copy, preserved at the Biblioth^que Nationale in Paris, was 
known (A. Heyer: Drei Mercator Karten in der Breslauer stadtbibliothek; Zeit- 
schri/t fiir wissenscha/tlicher geographic vii, p. 379, Weimar 18S9) The descrip- 
tion by Dr. Heyer confirms my supposition that Mercator never published any 
maps drawn on an unmodified intersecting conical projection." Consult Nor- 
denskiold's Facsimile-atlas, p. 136. 

" Mercator'a large map: Nova et aucta orbis terrx desaiptio ad usum navigantium 
emendata, accomodata . . . Aeditum autem est opus hoc Duysburgi on. D. 
1569 mense Augusto. Its dimensions (2, x 1, 26 m.) prevent its reproduc- 
tion here. A fullsize fac-simile is published by Jomard, but unfortunately 
with omission of several of the important inscriptions, for which Lelewel's 
Geographie du moyen-Age, ii, p. HS5, may be consulted." Nordenskiold, Pax> 
simile atlas, p. 96. 

See also the following references to Mercator in Nordenskiold's Facsimile atlas. 
"His life 131b-133b.— in the Catalogus of Ortelius 128a.— Map of the world oj 
1538, 90a, 91, 99n, 107a, 118a, 132a.— Globes 82b, 108b, 132a.— Map of Flanders 
99n, 108b, 132a.— Edit, of Ptolemy 27a-28b, 29, 34b.— Map of the world of 1569, 
96a, 132b, 136a.— Atlas 93a, 125n, 132b.— Map of the Polar regions 57a, 64b, 95.— 
The Mediterranean, 64a.— Projections 22b, 86a, 92b, 94a, 95b.— Is said to have 
introduced graduation on maps 12n." 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 69 

Mercator, Gerard. Drci karten . . . Europa—Britische Inseln—weltkarte. Fao 

simUe-lichtdmck nach den originalen der sladtbibliothek zu Breslau hergeslellt von 

der reichsdruckerei herausgegeben von der Gesellschaftfiir erdkunde zu Berlin. 3 pis. 

in 1 V. S p. I., [^] L, 3 maps on 41 I. fol. Berlin [etc.] W. H. Kuhl, 1891. 

A copy of this work is in the Library of Congress and described in Phillips, 

List of Geographical Atlases, title S53. 

Rc\-iewedhy Ruge in Petermnnns mitteihmgcn. 1894- v. 40: Geographischer 

litteratur-berichtfur 1S94, pp. 14-15, title 4^. 

Con^en(5.— pt. 1. Europa. 1554... pt. 2. Briti.gche Inseln. 1564... pt.3. 

Wcltkarte. 1569 . . . 

Two abridged reproductions may be consulted in: 

Jomard, Edme Francois. Monuments de la geographie. Consult Phillips' List 

of Geographical Atlases, title 251. 

The American geographical society of New York. Bulletin, 1879, v. 11, p. 38. 

Consult the following list for articles relating to this map and to the life and 

works of Mercator: 

Bergmans, Paul. Gerard Mercator. 

[In Messager des sciences historiques. 1890. 8°. Gand, 1890. 1' livr. pp. 

109-110] 

Bertrand, Joseph. Gerard Mercator, sa vie et ses ocuvres par le dr. J. van Raem- 

donck; Saint- Nicolas, chez Dalschaert-Praet, 1869. Gerhard Kremer, Ger. Mercator, 

der deutsche Geograph. Vorlag, von dr. Breusing, Duisburg, 1869. [Review 

signed at end J. Bertrand] 

[In Journal des savants. Fevr. 1870. 4°. Paris, imprimerie imperiale, 1870. 

pp. 86-98] 

Biography. 

[InAa,A. J.vander. BiographischwoordenboekderNederlanden. 8°. Haarlem, 

1869. v. 12, pp. 622-625] 

Blundeville, Thomas. A plaine description of Mercator his two globes that is to 

say, of the terrestriall globe and of the celestiall globe and of eyther of them: together 

with the most necessary vses therof. 

[In his Exercises. sm.4°- London, J. Windet, 1594. I. numb. 204^244] 

This treatise is also found in the 6th & 7th editions, 1622, 1636 in the Library of 

Congress. 

Bradini, G. A proposito dei due globi Mercatoriani, 1541-1551. SOI pp. 4°. 

Milano, 1894. 

He had two sonp, Arnold (6. 1537, d. 1587) and Rumold, who survived him and 

published the first edition of his father's atlas. 

Breusing, Friedrich August Arthur. Gerhard Kremer, genannt Mercator, der 

deutsche geograph. 62 pp. 8°. Duisburg, E. F. Nieten, 1869. 

Reviewed in Mittheilungen der k. und k. geographischen gesellschaft in Wien, 

1870. v. IS. pp. 125-126. 2d ed. published 1878. Also by J. Bertrand, in 
Journal des savants. Fevr. 1870. pp. 86-98. 

Buonanno, Genn. I due rarissimi globi di Mercatori nella biblioteca govemativa 

di Cremona. Notizia. 2p. I. ,39pp. 8°. Cremona, tip.-lit. Interessi eremonesi, 

1890. 

Dinse, Paul. Zum gedachtnis Gerhard Mercator's. 

[In Gesellschaftfiir erdkunde zu Berlin. VerJiandlungen. 1894. S°. Berlin, 

W. H. Kiihl, 1894. v. 21, pp. 568-584] 

Drapeyron, Ludo\'ic. Le centenaire de I'atlas de Mercator. 

[In Revue de geographie. Dirigee par m. Ludovic Drapeyron. Mars, 1895. 8°. 

Paris, C. Delagrave, 1895. v. 36, pp. 298-299] 

Dunn, Samuel. Remarks on the censure of Mercator'' s chart, in a posthumous 

I'ork ofmr. West, of Exeter: in a letter to Thomas Birch. 



70 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Mercator, Gerard, 1512-1594 — Continued. 

[In Royal society. London. Philosophical transactions. 1763. 4°. London, 
for L. Davis & C. Reymers, 1764. v.. 53, pp. 66-68] 

Fioriai, Matteo. Gerardo Mercatoreelesue cart£ geografiche. 88 pp. 8°. Roma, 
presso la Societa geografica italiana, 1890. Estratto dal Bollettino della Societh 
geografica italiana, gennajo e segg. 1890. 
Fiorini, M. I globi di Gerardo Mercatore in Italia. 

[In Societa geografica Italiana. Bollettino. Guigno,1890. v. 27. SeriiS. v.S. 
fasc. 4. pp. 550-556] 

Fischer, Ernst. Drei karten von Gerhard Mercator. 

[In Das Ausland. 23. 30. april 1899.. fol. Stuttgart, 1893. v. 65, nr. 17, pp. 
257-260; nr. SO, pp. 275-279] 

A review of Drei Karten von Gerhard Mercator — Europa, Britische Iseln, Welt- 
karte. Berlin . . . 1891. 
Weltkarte. BerUn . . . 1891. 

Gelcich, Eugen. Die globen Gerhard Kremers in Italicn. 

[In Das Ausland. 29 oktober 1892. fol. Stuttgart, 1892. v. 65, nr. 44, pp. 
700-701] 

Gerhard Mercator. 

[In Allgemeine geographische ephemeriden. S°. Weimar, 1803. v. 12, pp^ 
511-513. portrait, front.] 
Gerhard Mercator, cosmographe. 

[In Magasin pittoresque. 1874. 8°. Paris, 1874. v. 42, pp. 145-158, incl. 
port.] 

Hall, Elial F. Gerard Mercator: his life and works. 

[In American geographical society. Bulletin. 1878. S°. Neio York, 1878. 
V. 10, no. 4, pp. 163-196] 

See also life and portrait iu Foppens' Bibliotheca Belgica. r. 1, pp. 356-358. 
Heyer, Alfons. Drei Mercator-karten in der Breslauer stadtbibliotheh. 
[In Zeitschrift filr wissenschaftliche geographic. 1SS9. 8°. Weimar, 1889. 
V. 7, pp. 379-389; 507-528] 

1. Gerhard Mercators Europa. Duisburg, 1554. 

2. Mercators karte der Britannishen inseln vom jahre 1564. 

3. Mercators weltkarte vom jahre 1569. 

Hommage des membres du congris de geographic a la mhnoire des geographes beiges, 
Abraham Ortelius et Gerard Mercator. — La statue de Mercator. 
[In International geographical congress. 1st. Antwerp. 1871. Compte-rendu. 
8°. Anvers, L. Qerrats, 1S72. v. 2, pp. 308-314. 1 plate] 
Joly, Victor. Mercator. 

[In Beiges (Les) illustres. 8°. Bruxelles, 1845. v. 3, pp. 129-140. 1 portrait] 
Karth, Leonard. Neue mittheilungen iiber Gerhard Mercator. 
[In Frankfurter zeitung und handelsblatt. June 21, 1902. no. 170, p. 1. 
Feuilleton] 

"About 15 years ago the following three works of Mercator were found in the city 
library of Breslau: a map of Europe, 155-1; a map of the British Isles, 1564; 
and a map of the world, 1569. The first recognition of the scientific value of 
these maps was made by their discoverer Alfons Heyer (Zeit. f. wiss. geog. 1890) 
Facsimiles of these maps were published by the " Gessellschaft fiir Erdkunde 
zu Berlin." Of these three maps, the most important for the history of cart- 
ography is that dated 1569, entitled: "Descriptio orbis terrae ad usum navi- 
gantium"; it was the first map constructed by Mercator according to the pro- 
jection bearing his name. Another copy of this map is in the Biblioth&que 
Nationale at Paris; it has been reproduced by Lelewel, Jomard and by Daly (Jo. 
am. geog. soc. 1879) L. Karth here tells of the existence of a third copy of 



THE LOWER Y COLLECTION 71 

this rare map, found in the library of the castle of Harff on the Erft, in 
Germany. 

" Amoung the valuable books of this library, there is another work of Mercator, 
a beautifully colored copy of the 'Tabulae geographicae CI. Ptolemaei,' 
published in Cologne in 1-578. Mercator added to this copy a written dedication 
to the high-bailiff of Jiilich, Werner v. Gymnich. This dedication dated 'Van 
Duisburg, den 14 Julii anno 1578,' is here reprinted in the original dutch, 
followed by a german translation." 

Lebenbeschreibutig und wUrdigung Gerhard Mercators [anon.] 
[In Das Ausland. 28. august 1869. fol. Augsburg, 1S69. v. 42, nr. 35, pp. 
■ S.36-S40, incl. portrait] 

Review of Breusing's Gerhard Kremer, genannt Mercator, der deutclie geograph. 
1869. 

Leven van Gerardus Mercator. 

[In Levensbeschryving van beroemde en geleerde mannen. [anon.] 8°. Te Amster- 
dam, A. War, 1733. v. 6, no. 4, pp. S37~546] 

McClymont, James Roxburgh. Problematical features in maps designed by Mer- 
cator and Desceliers. 10 pp. 8°. Hobart, for the author, 1907 . 
Reviewed by E. Hammer, in Petennanns mitteilungen. 10. nov. 1908. Lite- 
raturbericht. Allgemeines nr. 647. 

Malow, J. Sphere terrestrc et sphire celeste de Gerhard Mercator, de Ruppelmonde. 
Editees a Louvain en l.i41 et 1551. Edition nouvelle de 1875, d^apris V original 
appartenant b, la Bibliothique rot/ale de Bclgique. gr. fol. Mit texte in 8°. 
von dr. J. van Raemdonck. Briissel, Muquardl, 1876. 

Malte-Brun, Victor Adolphe. Les spheres terrestre et celeste de Gerard Mercator 
par le dr. J. van Raemdonck [Review] 

[In Societe de geographic. Paris. Bulletin. 6e serie. 1875. 8°. Paris C. 
Delagrave, 1875. v. 10, pp. 61S-61S] 

Memoir. By Breusing, Arthur, i. e., FWedrich August Arthtir. 
[In Allgemeine deutsche biographie. 8°. Leipzig, 1885. v. 21, pp. 385-397] 
Memoir. [Signed Fred. Alvin] 

[In Biographie rmtionale. 8°. Bruxelles, 1897. v. 14, pp. 372-425] 
Mercator, Gerhard. Declaratio insigniorum utilitatum quae sunt in globo ter- 
restri, coelestk, et annulo astronomico . . . Opuscule inedit de Gerard Mercator, 
public et annote par le dr. Van Raemdonck. 1 p. I., SO pp. 8°. St. Nicolas, J. 
Edom, 1868. 

[Cercle archeologique du pays de Waas. Publications extraordinaires, no. 5] 
Mercator's chart. Its history, use and abuse. 

[In Nautical (The) magazine. 1883-1884. 8°. London, Simhin, Marshall & 
CO. [1883-1884] v. 53, pp. 278-286, 448-451] 
Attributed to Wm. Henry Roseer. 

Mountaine, William. A defence of Mercator's chart against the censure of the late 
mr. West, of Exeter: in a letter to Charles Morton, m. d. 

[In Royal society. London. Philosophical transactions. 1763. 4°. London, 
for L. Davis & C. Reymers, 1764. v. 53, pp. 69-80] 

Ortroy, Femand van. Letlres de Jean Molanus ( Van der Molen) a Gerard et It 
Barthelemy Mercator. 72 pp. 8°. Bruxelles, Kiessling & cie. 1901. 
Ortroy, Femand van. L'ceuvre geographique de Mercator. 

[In Revue des questions scientijiques. Publiee par la Societe scientifique de Bru- 
xelles. 1892-1893. 8°. Bruxelles, 189-2-1893. 2e serie, v. 2, octobre 1892, pp. 
507-571; v. 3, avnl 1893, pp. 556-582] 

" Die Streitfrage, ob Mercator FlamanderoderDeutecher.ob Protestant (Ghym- 
mius, Possevinus) oder Katholie (Piaemdonck) gewesen sei, lasst ^'erfa8ser auf 



72 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Mercator, Gerard, 1512-1594 — Continued. 

eich beruhen. Auf eine kurze Lebensgeschichte folgt die Besprechung seiner 
Karten und Globen: auch die Kopien und Nachbildungen der karten Merca- 
tors werden erwiihrit. Die S. 54. angesprochene Aneicht, dass die Weltkarte 
des Ortelius nicht eine Nachahmung der 1569 erschienenen Weltkarte Mercators 
eel, teile ich nicht. Mercator arbeitete stets schopferisch, Ortelius hat, wenn 
ihm nicht Originalarbeiten zugeschikt wurden, nur kopiert. Daher verstehe 
ich auch den Satz nicht:"' 'Lea deux g&graphes ont probablement travaiI16 
d'apres un meme modele.' Nach genauer Aufzahlung aller ausgaben von 
Mercators Atlas, die bis 1640 laufen, wo auch die letzten Originalkarten des 
Meisters verschwanden, wird noch die interessante Mitteilung gemacht, dass 
1637 der Text Mercators auch ins Russische ubereetzt worden ist. Es gibt 
davon jetzt noch sieben Manuskripte, aber ohne die Karten." Review by 
Ruge in Petermanns Mittheilungen. 1895. v. 41. Geographischer Litteratur- 
Bericht fiir 1895. p. 15, title 48. Also by B. Auerbach in Revue critique 
d'histoire et de litterature. 1894. v- 56, pp. S7-SS. 

Ortroy, Fernand van. Quatre lettres inedites de Gerard Mercator ci Theodore 
Zwinger et a Wolfgang Haller. 

[In Academie royale de Belgique. Compte rendu des seances de la commission royale 
d'histoire ou reaieil de ses bulletins. 8°. Bruxelles, Hayez, 1898. 5e shie. 
V. 8, no. 6-7, pp. 553-577] 

"Est ist sehr ruhmlich, dassder Verf. esuntemommen hat, uberallnach bisher 
noch unbekannten Schfiften, Briefen &c. Mercators zu forschen. Sieben- 
undzwanzig Briefe waren bereits veroffentlicht, und Ortroy beschenkt uns 
hier mit weiteren vier, von denen der zweite und dritte fiir die Person des 
grossen Kartographen eine besondere Wichtigkeit haben. Der zweite Brief 
an den Arzt Zwinger (1533-1538) enthiilt die Mitteilung, dass Mercator ein 
Schiller seines Landsmannes Gemma Phrisius gewesen ist, auf dessen Rat 
privatim das Elementale geometrium des Joh. Vogelin studiert und sich dann 
mit dem Euclid beschiiftigt hat. Im dritten Briefe an den Prediger Haller in 
Ziirich (tl601) meldet er genau Tag und Stunde derGeburt, wobeidie Angabeu 
der Eltem nicht iibereinstimmem. Nach der miindlichen Ijberlieferung 
seiner Mutter war er am 12. Marz 1512 mane hora sexta geboren. Dagegen hat 
sein Vater, der die Geburt aller seiner kinder genau verzeichnete, geschrieben: 
5 Marz 1512, dies Veneris (das ware der 12. Marz auch) mane hora quinta. Die 
Angabe des Vaters muss als zuverliissiger gelten und ist auch stets daf iir ange- 
sehen. Dann aber ftigt Mercator noch hinzu, er sei geboren . . . "Rupel- 
mondae in Flandria, quo recenter parentes mei ex terra Juliacensi, oppidullo 
Gangelt commigrai-unt." Gangelt ist ein Marktflecken unweit der niederland- 
ischen Grenze, nordwestlich von Jiilich. Darf man nach diesser bcstimmten 
Angabe noch in Zweifel sein, Mercator einen Deutschen zu nennen, der in reif- 
eren Jahren in sein Heimatland zuriickkehrte und seine bedeutendsten Werke 
in Duisburg schuf?" Review by S. Ruge in Petermanns mitteilungen 1900. 
V. 46. Geographischer litteratur-hcricht fiir 1900, pp. 153-154, title 550." 
Raemdonck, Jean van. Gerard de Cremer ou Mercator, geographe flamand. 
Reponse h la conference du dr. Brcusing, tenue a Duisburg, le SO mars 1869. 77 
pp. 4°. St. Nicolas, J. Edom, 1870. 
On the nationality of Mercator. 

Raemdonck, Jean van. Gerard Mercator, sa vie et ses wuvres. 3 p. I., xxxii, 
375, 12 pp., 1 portrait, 1 table. 8°. St. Nicolas, E. DaUckaert-Praet, 1869. 
Reviewed in Pelcnnaiins mitteilungen. 1869. v. 15, pp. 438-4.^9. 
Raemdonck, Jean van. La grande carte de Flandre de 1540 faite par GSrard 
Mercator et dont le seul exemplaire connu appartient au Musee Plantin & Anvers. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 73 

[In SocicK de geographic d'Anvers. Bulletin, 1S79S0. 8°. Anvers, 1S79. ». 4, 
pp. S7-116] 

Raemdonck, Jean van. La nationalile flamande de Gerard Mercator. Replique 
rfit docteur J. van Kaeindonck an dockur Breusingen rcponseau " Nachtrag" que 
ce dernier a ajoute h la seconde edition de son " Vortrag " intitule "Gerhard Kremer, 
gen. Mercator, der deutsche geograph." 2 pi. 100 pp. 8°. Gand, E. Vander- 
haeghen, ISSO. 

Exlrail du Messager des sciences historiques de Belgique. 

Raemdonck, Jean van. Relations commerdales entre Gerard Mercator et Chris- 
tophe Planlin & Anvers. 

[In Societe de geographic d^Anvers. Bulletin. 1S79-S0. 8°. Anvers, 1S79, 
V. 4, pp. S27-366] 

Raemdonck, Jean van. Les spheres terrestre et celesta de Gerard Mercator {1541 et 
1551) Notice publiie a I'occasion de la reproduction de ces spheres h Vaide de fac- 
simile de leursfuseaux originaux; graves par Mercator et conserves a la bibliothique 
royale a Bruxelles. 70 pp. 8°. Saint-Nicolas, J. Edom, 1875. 
Raemdonck, Jean van. Sur les exemplaires qui existent encore aujourd'hui des 
grandes cartes de Mercator. 

[In SocUle de geographic. Paris. Congrh international des sciences geographiques 
tenua Paris duler au 11 aoiJt 1875. Compte rendu des seances. 8°. Paris, 1878. 
V. 1, pp. 417-428] 
Sketch of Gerard Mercator [anon.] 

[In Popular (The) science monthly. July, 1886. 8°. New York, Appleton 
& CO., 1886. V. 29, pp. 404-410, portrait] 
Steinhauser, Anton. Der geograph Mercator. 

[In Kaiserlich-konigliche geographische gesellschaft. Wien. Mittheilungen. 1870. 
Neuefolge 3. 8°. Wien, 1871. v. 13, pp. 115-120] 
Steinhauser, Anton. Mercator's weltkarte vomjahre 1538. 
[In Kaiserlich-konigliche geographische gesellschaft. Wien. Mittheilungen. 1885. 
Neuefolge IS. 8°. Wien, 1885. v. 28, pp. 564-566] 
Thoulet, Julien. Note sur la projection cylindnque ou de Mercator. 
[hi Societe de geographic. Paris. Bulletin. 6« serie. 1879. 8°. Paris, 
1879. V. 17, PP..305-318] 

Ueber einige yiiederldndische kartographen. [anon.] 

[In Ausland {Das) 1881. fol. Stuttgart, J.G.Cotta, 18S1. v. 54, pp. 21-25] 
Ghymnius, Waller. Vita celeberrimi clarissimique viri Gerardi Mercatoris Ru- 
pelmundani, a domino Guallero Ghymmio, patricio Teutoburgensi, ac eiusdem 
oppidi antiquissimi pmtore dignissimo, conscripta. 5 pp. _ , 

[In Mercator, Gerard. Atlas sire cosmographicse meditationes de fabrica mrndi 
etfabricatifigvra. fol. Dusseldorpii, A. Busius, 1595] 

Wauwermans, Henri Emmanuel. Gerard Mercator a Louvain. — Gerard Mercator 
a Duisbourg . — Mercator et safamille. — Editions de I'atlas de Mercator d'aprh le 
dr. van Raemdonck. 

[In his Histoire de I'ecole cartographique beige et anversoise. 8°. Bruxelles, 
1895. V. 2, pp. 37-108, 174-209, 445-U9] 

Wauwermans, H. E. Notes sur les variations de VEscaut au xvi' siicle a propos 
de Vexemplaire unique de la carte de Flandre de Mercator acquise par la ville 
d'Anvers. ' 

[In Societe de geographic d'Anvers. Bulletin. 1877. 8°. Anvers, 1877. v. 1, 
pp. 155-188. 1 map] 

Wells, William. Mercator, the path-finder of the seas. 

[In Scribrur's monthly. Sept. 1871. 8°. NewYork, Scribner & co., 1871. v. 2, 
pp. 461-464 incl. portrait] 



74 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Mercator, Gerard, 1512-1504 — Continued. 

Willemsen, G. Tin detail inedit de Venfance de Mercator. 

[In Annalen van den oudheids-kundigen kring van het land van Waas. — Annales 

de cercle archeologique du pays de Waas. Mai, 1905. 8". Saint Nicolas, J. 

Edom, 1905. v. 21, pp. 317-322. 1 plan\ 

Wolkenhauer, Wilhelm. Gerhard Mercator. Ein gedmkblatt zu seineni SOO 

jdhrigen todestage am 2. deceniber 1894. 

[In Deutsche rundschau fUr geographie und statistik. Dec. 1894. 8°. Wien, 

A. Hartleben, 1895. v. 17, pp. 132-136, incl. port.] 

1570 
Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598. 

Typus orbis terrarum. Unsigned, undated. 49.2 x 32.5 cms. 
A quotation from Cicero at the bottom and "Franciscus Hogen- 
bergus sculpsit." In his Theatrum orbis terrarum, 1570. Shows 
Florida, Gulf of Mexico, New Mexico, California coast, with 
Quivira &c. Copy of American section in 14th Ann. Rep. Bu. 
Ethn. Pt. I. between pp. 380, 381. lc 56 

Note. — This map was first published in the 1570 edition, and was republished 
in all the various editona up to and including 1597. 

It ia republished in Nordenakiold's J^acsimi7«-a</as, map 46. Also with various 
other editions, in Frontieres entre le Bresil et la Guyane Fran(;aisc. Consult 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 2719. 

Nordenskiold, in his Facsimile-atlas, describes his "Life," " Theatriiin," 
"Catalogus auctorum " and "Map of the world." 
Various references are also made in his Peripltis. 

Henry Hallam in his Literature of Europe, v. 2, p. 492, makes this criticism 
of Ortelius — ''Ortelius, in his ' Theatrum orbis terrarum, ' gives a list of about one 
hundred and fifty geographical treatises, most of them subsequent to 1560. His 
own work is the first general atlas since the revival of letters, and has been justly 
reckoned to make an epoch in geography, being the basis of all collections of 
maps since formed, and deserving, it is aaid, even yet to be consulted, not- 
withstanding the vast progress of our knowledge of the earth." 
A reproduction is also found in Hakluyt, Richard. The principal navigations, 
voyages, traffiques <!■ discoveries of the English 7iation . . . 8°. Glasgow, J. 
MacLehose^ tSc sons, 1903. v. 1, p. 2. 

It is accompanied by the statement that "This map, which first appeared in 
the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum of Abraham Ortelius, Antwerp, 1570, was 
inserted in the first edition of the Principall Navigations, 1589. It is referred 
to by Hakluyt in the preface (p. xxx) "as one of the best generall mappes 
of the world. " The map here reproduced in facsimile is taken from the original 
in the first edition of the Principall Navigations." 
The following is a list of works relating to Ortelius: 
Biography. 

[In Aa, Abraham Jacob, van der. Biographisch wordenboek der Nederlandcn. 
8°. Haarlem, 1867. v. 14, pp. 208-210] 

Breusing, Friederich August Arthur. Leitfaden dutch das wiegenalter der 
kartographie bis zum jahre 1600. Mit besonderer beriicksichtigung Deutsch- 
lands. lp.l.,33p. 8°. Frankfurt a. M., Mahlau & Waldschmidt, 1S8S. 
At head of title: Dritter deutscher geographentag zu Frankfurt a. M. "Diedeut- 
schen kartographen nach dem verzeichnisse in Ortelii Theatrum mundi 1595." 
p. 14-17. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 75 

Catalogtts auetorum tabularum geographicarum, quotquot ad nostram cogni- 
tionem hacterms pervenere; quibus addidimus, ubi locorum, quando, et a quihxis 
excusi sunt. 

[In Ortelius, Abraham. Thealrvm orbis terrarvm. fol. Anlverpiae, apud A. C. 
Dmth, 1570. sig. Av-Avi] 

This list with various additions appears in only the latin editions of the Thea- 
trvin, also in the 1612 Italian edition. 

In the first edition of 1570, it contained 87 names, and in the 2nd of the same 
year it had 91. After that, the number of names was augmented in every new 
edition. 

G^nard, Pierre. La genealogie du geographe Abraham Ortilius. 
[In Societi- de geographie d'Anvers. Bulletin. 1S81. v. 5. 5e fasc, pp. 312- 
34^, 1 pi. Sefasc, p. .549] 

The first edition of his famous Theatrvm orbis tenarum appeared at Antwerp 
in 1570 with 53 maps, engraved by Hogenberg. 

See also Foppens, Bibliotheca Belgica. v. 1, pp. 3-4, for life and portrait. 
Hessels, Jan Hendrik. Ecclesiae londino-batavae archivvm . . . Ex avto- 
graphis mandante Eccksia londino-batava edidit Joannes Hendricvs Hessels. S v. 
in 4. front, (port.) facsims., geneal. tab. 4°. Cantabrigiae, typis academiae 
svmptibus ecclesiae londono-batavae, 1SS7-97. 
"ccL tantvm excvsa svnt exemplaria." 

Contents.— i. 1. Abrahami Ortelii (geographi antverpiensis) et ^•irorvm ervdi- 
torv-m ad evndem et ad Jacobvm Coli\Tn Ortelian\-m (Abraham Ortelii sororis 
fili\Tn) epistvlae. Cum aliqvot aliis epistvlis et tractatibvs q^^bvsdam ab 
vtroqve collectis (1524-1628)— t. 2-3. Epistvlae et tractvs cvm refomatiois 
tvm Ecclesiae londino-batavae historiam illvstrantes (t. 2: 1544-1622; t. 3, para 
1-2:1523-1874) 

"Editions of the Theatrum" of Ortelius: v. 1, p. xx\-i-xlii; "Sj-noptic \-iew of 
the maps published by Ortelius from 1570 till 1595 ... in the successive 
editions of his Theatrum": v. 1, p. xliii-li. 
At the head of each letter is an english summary of contents. 
"This monumental volume is creditable to the zeal and industry of the editor 
and the enterprise of the publishers. Abraham Ortelius did a great deal in his 
time for geography and cartography, and the correspondence in this volume 
contains much that will be useful to the student of the progress of geography, 
including aa it does information on the maps with which Ortelius and his 
friends (among whom were Hakluyt, Mercator, and Humphrey Lhuyd) were 
dealing at various times, and the material on which their construction was 
based. The collection consists of (1) Letters written by Abraham Ortelius 
(b. 1528, d. 1598) to his learned friends and patrons; (2) Letters written by the 
latter to Ortelius; (3) Letters written to the nephew of Ortelius, Jacobus 
Colius (Cole), a learned merchant of London: (4) A few letters and documents 
which, probably, had come into the hands of Ortelius or his nephew, as col- 
lectors of autographs and other literary records. There are 376 documents 
altogether, mostly in Latin, but many of them in Dutch. The collection 
embraces the years 1524 to 1628. The originals, from which the present texts are 
printed, belong to the Dutch church, Austin Friars, London, which has, per- 
haps, been in possession of them since the year 1628. Mr. Hessels gives a 
history of the letters up to the date of their coming into his hands for the pur- 
pose of preparing them for the press. In his introduction, he gives a sketch of 
the life of Ortelius, with a bibliography of the editions of the Theatrum, a list 
of maps in that collection, and other useful information. Prefixed to each 
letter is a more or less detailed sjmopsis of the contents in English. There are 



tiy LIBBAKY OF CONGRESS 

Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598 — Continued. 

copious footnotes and appended notes, and an excellent index. Reproduc- 
tions are given of some of the sketches referred to in the letters, including one 
of an arrangement for rolling maps, as suggested by Hakluyt, ' as most dwelling- 
houses are not spacious or light enough to contain a large map fully spread 
out.'" Consult Roya! geographical society . Journal. April, 1888. p. S56. 
Also reviewed by Cornelius Marius Kan in Tijdschrift van het Kon Nederlandsch 
aardrijkskundiggenootschap,gevestigdte Amsterdam 1890. Seserie. 8°. Leiden, 
E. J. Brill, 1890. v. 7, pp. 995-1039. 

Hommage des membres du Congris de geographie a la memoire des geographes beiges, 
Abraham Ortelius et Gerard Mercator. 

[In International geographical congress. 1st. Antverp. 1871. Compte-rendu. 
8°. Anvers, L. Gerrats, 1872. v. 2, pp. 308-313] 

Hulst, F^lix van. Ab. Ortelius. 2e ed. 28 pp., 1 port. 8°. Liige, F.Oudart, 
1846. 

"Extrait de la Revue de Liige." 
Same. Ortelius. 

[In Beiges (Les) illustres. 8°. Bruxelles, 1845. v. 3, pp. 102-112. 1 port. 
1 pi.] 

Leven van Abrahamus Ortelius. 

[In Levensbeschryving van beroemde en geleerde mannen. [anon.] 8°. Te Ams- 
terdam, A . Wor, 1733. v. 6, no. 4, pp. 523-536] 
Memoir. By F. Ratzel. 

[In Allgemeinedeutschebiographie. 8°. Leipzig, 1887. v. 24, pp. 428-4SS] 
Memoir. [Signed by Henri Emmanuel Wauwermans] 
[In Biographic nationale. 8°. Bruxelles, 1901 . v. 16, pp.291-SS2] 
Rooses, Max. Ortelius et Plantin. 

[In Soeiete de geographie d' Anvers. Bulletin. 1881. 8°. Anvers, veuve de 
Backer, 1881. v. 5, pp. 350-356] 

Tiele, Pieter Anton. Het kaartboek van Abraham Ortelius. 
[In Bibliographische adversaria. 12°. 'sGravenhage, M. Nijhoff, 1876-77. v.S, 
pp. 83-121] 

J. H. Hessels made use of this work to complete his bibliography of Ortelius' 
atlases, contained in the preface to his Ecclesiae londino-batavae archivum. 
1887-97. (p. XXVI): "In 1876 my friend dr. P. A. Tiele . . . published 
a bibliographical essay on the Theatrum of Ortelius in Bibliographische 
adversaria (The Hague, 1876) m. p. 83, eqq., from which I translate most 
of the. particulars that follow. I am able to make some additions to his list 
of the various edition.^, but have preserved his designation of the different 
editions and additamenta by letters of the alphabet." 

Wauwermans, Henri Emmanuel. Ortelianus. Les heritiers ct contemporains 
d' Ortelius. 

[In his nistoire de I'ccole cartographiquc beige et anversoise. 8°. Bruxelles, 1895. 
v.2,pp. 213-228] 

Wauwermans, Henri Emmanuel. Abraham Ortelius. Les debuts du gcogra- 
phe — Abraham Ortelius. Le Theatrum. — Editions du The&tre du monded' Ortelius. 
[In his nistoire de V Ecole cartographiquc beige ct anversoise. 8°. Bruxelles, 
1895. v. 2, pp. 109-161, 450-452] 
Wolkenhauer, Wilhelm. Abraham Ortelius. Ein gcdcnkblntt zu seinem 300. 



[In Deutsche rundschau fiir geographie und statistik. Juli, 1898. 8°. Wien, 
A. Ilartleben, 1898. v. 20, pp. 467-472. incl. port.] 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 77 

1571 
Vaz Dourado, Fernao. 

Nesta folha cstam lamcadas as amtilhas tie castela coma pomta 
da florida c a nova espanlia coma costa das amazonas. Ms. in 
gold and colors on parchment. 36x27.5 cms. Unsigned, undated. 
Original in the Archives of Torre do Tombo. Lisbon. Sheet from 
a ms. Atlas by Fernao vaz Dourado. Facsimile same size as 
original in Frontieres entre le Bresil et la Guyane Fran^aise. 
Atlas. Paris, 1899. No. 22a. Shows Florida peninsula and 
Gulf of Mexico with many names. lc 57 

Note. — Consult also titles 54, 67, and 68 for other maps by Vaz Dourado. For 
a description of Frontiires entre le Bresil . . . consult Phillips' List of Geograph- 
ical Atlases, title 2719. 

Navarrete, in his Biblioteca Marilima Espaiiola, v. 1, p. 433, gives the following 
notice: 

"Fernando de Vaz Dourado, igualmente perito en el ejercicio de las armas, 
siendo frontero en laa tierras de Goa, como versado en la geografia, escribio: 
Mappamundo, que trata de todos os reynos, terras ilhas, que hd na redondeza da 
terra com suas derrotas e alturas por escuadria. En Goa 1571. fol. Original se 
conserva en la libreria de los monjes Cartujos del convento de Scala Cceli de 
Evola, Consta de reglas y principios de hidrografia, con niapas de todo el mundo, 
primorosamente iluminados de colores y oro. Una copia tenia el eruditisimo 
Jose de Faria, secretario de las Mercedes del rey d. Pedro n. '" Barbosa, Bib. 
lusit., torn. 2, pag. 64. 

1571-1574 
Lopez de Velasco, Juan. 

Descriptions of Florida and the coasts of Florida, of Quivira, &c. 
in his Geografia y Descripcion Universal de las Indias . . . desde el 
ano de 1571 al de 1574 . . . publicada por . . . Don Justo Zaragoza. 
Madrid, 1894. pp. 157, 171, 280, &c. lc 58 

Note. — A copy of this work is in the Library of Congress, containing a repro- 
duction of Ribero's map of 1529, for a description of which consult title 31 of 
this work. The book is entitled: Geografia y descripcidn universal de las Indias, 
recopilada por el cosmdgrafo-cronista Juan L6pez de Velasco, desde el ano de 1571 
al de 1574, publicado por primera vez en el Boledn de la Sodedad geogr&fica de 
Madrid, con adiciones e illnstraciones, por Don Justo Zaragoza. xiii p., 1 I., 808 
p. fold. map. 8°. Madrid, Fortanet, 1894- 

Page xiii, states: " En el ano de 1523 era ya cosmografo Diego Ribero, al que por 
Real c^dula de 10 de Julio, expedida en Valladolid, se le sefialaron 30.000 mara- 
vedis por tal empleo. Su Carta universal en que se contiene todo lo que del mundo 
se a descubierto fasta agora, hizola Diego Rivero cosmdgrafo de su Magestad, ano de 
1529, 'dividida en dos partes conforme 4 la capitulacion que hicieron los Catho- 
licos Reyes de Espaiia y el Rey Don Juan de Portugal en la villa de Tordesillas, 
ano de 1494; ' y fu6 reproducida en facsimil el aiio de 1860 por el procedimiento 
cromolitigrafico, del original hasta entonces inedito, que existe en la biblioteca 
del Gran Duque de Weimar, conexplicaciony juiciocritico de J. C. [!] Kohl, en 
un tomo en folio, publicado en dicha ciudad de Weimar el mismo ano de 1860 
(2;. — Diego Ribero murio a poco de haber concluido su ultimo mapa. Asf se 
deduce de la Real cedula de 22 de Enero de 1533 que concedio d Vicente 
Ranero, por fallecimiento del cosm6grafo, el oficio de hacer bombas de achicar 
que fete ejercia." 



78 LIBRARY OF CON 

1571 

Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598. 

Americae sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio. Without name, 

or date. 49.5 x 36 cms. In his Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. 

Antv., Mg. Coppenius Diesth, 1571. wl 59 

Note. — This map without geographical changes is found in all the various 
editions of Ortelius up to and including the 1584 edition. Consult Phillips' List 
of Geographical Atlases. The copy in this collection described under title 59 is 
not from the 1571 edition, as so stated. It is from the 2d edition 1570. Three 
impressions of the atlas were made in this year. This map is found only in 
copy no. 2, Library of Congress. The differences in the various copies are 
noted in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, p. 134- 

The text on the reverse of this map begins " Totvm hoc Hemisphxrium " and 
beneath " Totvm" is found "dinem." 

The first edition known as the "20th of May edition" contains the fame map but 
the text on the reverse has " Totum hoc Eemisphserium." Consult title no. 56 
of this work for a list of articles relating to Ortelius. 

1572? 
Santa Cruz, Alonso de, d. 1572? 

Mapa del Golfo y costa de la Nueva Espana, desde el Rio de 
Panuco hasta el cabo de Santa Elena &. Ms. without name, 
title or date. 59 x 44 cms. Original in Arch, de las Ind. Sevilla. 
Indiferente Gen. Descripciones, poblaciones y derroteros de viages. 
1521-1818. Est. 144; Caj. 7; Leg. 9. Ramo 272. D. Pedro 
Torres Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexicoy Florida." Tomo i. p. 17. No. 1. 
Procedientes de los papeles del Cosmografo Santa Cruz. (Sin 
fecha ni autor) A la espalda se lee "Golfo y costa de la nueua 
esp"." De los papeles que trugeron de Seuilla de Alonso de santta 
cruz." Marco Jimenez de la Espada (Relaciones geographicas de 
Indias, Madrid, 1885. Tomo ii. p. xxx) says Santa Cruz died at 
Madrid in 1572 and gives an inventory of his papers among which 
this does not appear. Lanzas informs me there are documents of 
Chaves and of Santa Cruz 1567 and 1569 showing them to be con- 
temporaries. A copy in Harrisse's "Discovery of North America," 
also in "Route of De Soto's Expedition from Taliepacna to Huha- 
sene" by T. H. Lewis; publications of the Miss. Hist. Soc, 1902, 
vol. VI, p. 449, who places dates as above, and gives a good note 
on the map on p. 450. It is also discussed in "Clironicles of De 
Soto's Expedition" by this author, in same book, 1903, vol. vii, 
p. 385. "Diseuo de las costas de Tierra Firme descubiertas por 
Diego Velazquez y Francisco de Garay, y de la Florida, que des- 
cubrio Juan Ponce de Leon — 1521." Arch. Gen. Indias. Indi- 
ferente Gen. Est. 145, baj. 7. Leg. 8. wl 60 

Note. — The only supposable reason why this map should bo placed under 
Santa Cruz is that on the back of the map is written "Golfo y costa de la mieva 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 79 

esp"» De los papeles que Trugeron de Seiilla de Alonzo de Santta Cruz." 
Harrisse, Discovery of North America, describes this map under the date of 
1521, pp. 643-644. ^^'hile the reproduction there given has the english title, 
"Original map of the explorations of De Soto and Moscoso [1539-1543] the title 
at the head of the descriptive text is as above "Diseno de las cosies ..." 
See also title 39 of this work for other maps of Santa Cruz. 
In an article by Theodore Hayes Lewis entitled '-Route of De Soto's expedi- 
tion from Taliepacana to Huhasene," in the publications of the Mississippi 
historical society, v. 6, pp. 449-467 is a reproduction of this map entitled 
" Copy of an original and the earliest known map of the De Soto expedition." 

1575 

Thevet, Andre, 1502-1590. 

Le Xoweav Monde descovvert et illvstre de nostre temps. 
[In cartouche] Qvarte partie dv monde. 46.5 x 35.6 cms. LC 61 
XoTE. — A copy of this map is found in the Librarj- of Congress copy of Thevet's 
work entitled: La cosmoqraphie vnirerselle . . . Paris, chez Pierre Vlluillier, 
]575. V. 2, preceding book 21, page 903. 

In the descriptive text Ln the cartouche in the lower left hand comer the map 
is called "la carte de ceste quatriesme partie de I'vniuers." 

A reproduction is found in no. 23 of Frontikres entre le Bresil et la Guyane fran- 
^ise described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 2719. 
The map is described in Avezac's Coup d'oeil historique sur la projection des 
cartes, p. S31. 

Consult also the following: 
Niceron, Jean Pierre. Andre Thevet. 

[In his Memoires . . . 16". Paris, 1733. v. 23, pp. 74-S3] 
pp. 82-83 contain a list of his maps. 
Gaffarel, Paul. Andre Thevet. 

[In France. Ministire de V instruction puhlique et des beaux-arts. Comite des 
travaux historiques et scienlifiques. Bulletin de geographic historique et descrip- 
tive. 1SS8. S°. Paris, 1888. pp. 167-201] 
Dexter, George. Cortereal, Verrazano, Gomez, Thetet. 

[In Winsor, Justin. Narrative and critical history of America, fol. Boston, 
J. R. Osgood & CO. 1885. v. 4, pp. 1-32] 
Andrse Theveti regis cosmographi effigiem . [Portrait] 

[In Thevet, Andre. Les vrais povrtraitset vies des hommesillvstres. fol. Paris, 
par la vefue I. Keruert & G. Chaudiire, 1584. v. 1] 

1578 
A map of the west coast of Mexico, the Gulf of Cahfornia and the 
Cahfornia peninsula. Ms. Xo name, date or title. Anonymous. 
Original in Brit. Mus, Add. ilss. Hari. 3450. No. 10. The most 
northerly poiat is "p. primero;" to the south of that is "Tierra 
neuada." To the northeast of the gulf of California is "civola" 
with a descriptive legend referring to the bison. It appears to be 
entirely copied from a Spanish map. A pencil note on the fly- 
leaf of the ms. atlas of which it forms a part ascribes to it the date 
1578. It is by an Italian. lc 62 

Note. — The full description of the atlas from which thia map is taken is in 
the Catalogue of the Harleian manuscripts in the British Museum, London, 1808, 
V. 3, p. 27, no. 3450, as follows: 



80 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

A map of the west coast of Mexico — Continued. 

"Eighteen very curious Geographical charts, elegantly drawn on vellura, in 
colours and gilding, by John Martines ot Messina, in the year 1578. Chart 2d 
is subscribed, "Joan Martines en Messina 1618," but the two middle figures have 
evidently been altered; and the charts are clearly by the same hand as those 
in no. 5489, where the date in the original writing is 1578. The names are 
marked in Italian." 

This title ia followed by a list of 18 maps, nos. 10-15 inclusive relating to 
America. 

A reproduction of map no. 2 of this atlas is in the Kohl Collection, no. 75. The 
border ms. text is as follows: 

"This is a copy of a map of the world, made in the year 1578 by J. Martines, 
which is preserved in the British Museum. 

" Martines seems to have been by birth a Spaniard, who lived in Messina, from 
which place many of hia maps are dated. His maps are therefore generally 
written in the Italian language. 

"The present map is curious, because it is one of the oldest maps, which we can 
produce, on which the division of the great parts of the rrorld in txoo equal hemi- 
spheres and planiglobes has been carried out thus, as it became customary and 
usual afterwards. We see here two planiglobes put aside of each other. 
The one contains the whole Old World, and the other the whole New World. 
Only the Northeastern Peninsula of Asia is still included into the circle of the 
New World. Both hemispheres are separated in the line of the first meridian, 
which runs through the isle of Ferro. 

" In olden times, all what was known of the world had been generally included 
in a square or a circle or an ellipse. At the first time of the discovery of America, 
also those parts of this continent which became known, were included in that 
square, circle or ellipse, and appeared at the western end of it. Sometimes to 
the whole was also given the form of a heart or another form. 
"The separation in two hemispheres did begin only after 1530, when after the 
navigations of Magellans and others the great Pacific gulf between America 
and Asia became better measured in its magnitude. Then the chartographers 
commenced to depict sometimes America for herself on separate sheets. Plani- 
globes have been made long before 1578. But still in this year, in which our 
map was made, [it] is rare, to see the two hemispheres divided and separated 
in that manner, in which we see it here. 

" As the principal features of the representation of America on our map, may be 
pointed out the following: 
"America is an island all round. 

" It is separated from Asia by the Strait of Anion. It is also circuranavigable in 
the North. 

"No Greenland appears on the map. But the Arctic country 'Grutlandia' 
which surrounds the pole, seems to take its place. 

"The St. Laurence and Hudson River are united to one great crooked channel 
and New England is made to be an island. 

"California is a peninsula, and 'Giapan' (Japan) still very near to it. The 
largest name in North America is 'Nova Spagna'; in South America, 'Peru.' 
The South Sea is called: 'Mare del Sur. 

" But the name ' mare oceano ' (the Ocean Sea) stands 5 or 6 times in the Atlantic 
and Indian Ocean, and runs roimd the whole of the Old World. The author 
Martines seems to claim by thia the right of the ancient 'Oceanus,' which on 
the old maps surrounded in a circle the whole Old World. 
" Some names, which are perhaps not understandable at once, are the following: 
'nova fia,cia'=New France. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 81 

' vBcilaos '=Baccaiao3. 

'capaschi'=probably corrupted from one of De Soto's geographical 

names 'Capachiquo.' 

'belmuda'=the BermiKlas. 

'quito'= thrown into the center of South America. 

'cusco,' transported as far South as the tropic of Capricorn. 
"The 'tiera di fuego' (Fireland) is on the original quite colored in tier}- red, as 
it is often done on old maps." 

The description of the Kohl ColUction, by Justin Winaor, has the following 
items relating to Martines's maps: 

"Item 6S. "The original is a planisphere from a MS. atlas, whose names are 
mostly Italian with some Spanish ones, which formerly belonged to the Duke 
de Cassano Serra, and is now in the British Museum, Kohl finds its American 
portion to correspond closely with a map of Joannes Marlines of 1578 in the 
British Museum, and supposes this to be by him also. The later map has 
meridians of longitude, which this has not. South America is called ' Peru ' in 
this map, but 'America' in the later one. The general outUne of the new 
world resembles that of Porccachi's maps. The huge antarctic continent so 
common in maps of this time, is shown." 

"Item 75. 'A MS. map in the British Museum, marked: 'Joan. Martines en 
Messina, aiii, 1-578.' It is of a double hemispherical projection, and in out- 
line America is of the Ortelius type, though verj' different in the region of 
the St. Lawrence. The British Museum Catalogue of MS. 7naps, i, p. 29, shows 
the Martines atlas to contain various American maps: 1, the world; 2, the two 
hemispheres; 3, the world in gores; 10, west coast of America; 11, coast of 
Mexico; 12, 13, South America; 14, Gulf of Mexico; 15, part of east coast of North 
America." 

"Item 1S6. A. D. J57S. From Florida to 45° N., by Martines. 
"From a MS. atlas (no. 15) in the British Museum. Kohl remarks on its 
inferiority to Ribero's map (1529) and says that the Spanish maps degenerated 
for a long time after Ribero. The country is called 'La Florida.' See sketch 
in Nar. and Crit. Hht. America, n, 229." 
"Item 187. A. D. 1578. East Coast by Marlines. 

"A very inaccurate sketch of the coast from Labrador to the Gulf of Mexico, in 
which the peninsula of Florida and the gulf of St. Lawrence are only recogniz- 
able. The original belongs to a MS. atlas by Joan Martines in the British Mu- 
seum. The main is called 'Nova Spagna.' The St. Lawrence river and the 
Hudson seem to unite and form a channel, making Xew England an island. 
There is a sketch of it in the Nar. and Crit. Hist. America, iv, 97." 
"Item 260. A. D. 1.578. The Antilles by Martines. 

"It shows the Atlantic coast from 45° north to 3° south latitude. From the 
Martines Atlas of 1578, in the British Museum. The latitudes are approximately 
correct; but the longitudes are much out of the way, being sketched east and 
west too far. It is sketched in the A'ar. and Crit. Hist. America, n, p. 229." 
"Item 280. A. D. 1578. California by Martines." This is a reproduction of 
the map no. 10, first described in the title. 

"It shows the coast from 10° to 55° north, with 'Giapan' and a part of the 
Asiatic coast. It is from the Martines Atlas in the British Museum, made 
between 1568 and 1578, at Messina, though Martines seems to have been a 
Spaniard. The outline of the gulf of California is much less accurate than in 
earlier maps. This a different atlas from the one of 155-(?) mentioned ante 
under A. D. 1558. A sketch of the Central America coast of the 1578 atlas is 
given in the M'ar. and Crit. Hist. America, ii, p. 229." 



82 LIBRAKY OF CONGKESS 

A map of the west coast of Mexico — Continued. 

Consult Winsor's article on the "Early uirtographij of the gulf of Mexico" in his 
Naralive and critical history of America, v. 2. 

A map of the world 1582 and one of South America, by Joan Martines, are 
reproduced in Frontiires enlre le Bresil et la Guyane FrariQaisc, described in 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 2719. 
Nordenskiold, in his Periplus, p. 68, says: 

"Of this draughtsman we possess severaf works, executed between 1564 and 
1586 (Uzielli and-Amat di S. Filippo. n, pp. 143-154, 283) Most of them 
seem to include only the territory of the normal-portolano, but some of the maps 
by Martines kept in the British Museum also refer to the newly discovered 
countries. This is especially the case with a larger atla.s of 18 maps, dating, 
though somewhat uncertainly, from 1578. To judge from Santarem's repro- 
duction in colour-printing of the map of the west coast of Africa in Martines' 
atlas of 1567, his portolanos are executed with great care and splendour of 
colour." 

1578-1592 
Sgrooten, Chretien. 

Prioris liemisphserri terrestris Europaeis conspicui interque 
aeres pendentis effigies. Ms. 115 x 74.7 cms. In Orbis Ter- 
restris Tam Geographica quam Corographica Descriptio Una cum 
veteri et recenti locoru. amnium nomenclatiira. Per Invictis- 
simae Ma— Tuae Geograph— Christianiim Sgrotheniim Sons- 
becken. Original in Biblioteca Nacional. Madrid. Ms. A hem- 
isphere including the north pole and showing Europe and the eastern 
part of America. It exhibits the peninsula of Florida, but without 
a name and above it Apalache. lc 63 

Note. — The author of this map is variously known under the name of Sgrooten, 
Scroot, Sgroetz, Sgroot or Sgroeth. See notice of his life in Wauwermans' 
Hisloire de I'ecole cartographique Beige et Anversoise . . . Bruxelles, 1895, v. 2, 
pp. 29-30. 

A reproduction, evidently of this map, is found in map 7, and 7 bis, dated 1588, 
in Frontihres entre le Bresil et la Guyane Franfaise. Second memoire. Described 
in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 2720. 

1578 

Map of the Atlantic coast from "c. bianco," including the Gulf of 
Mexico, Central America. Ms. No name, date or title. Anony- 
mous. Brit. Mus. Adtl. Mss. Harl. 3450. No. 14. Too small a 
scale to be of service and most inaccurate, thus the Floridian 
peninsula is represented as an equilateral triangle with a deeply 
indented bay at its n. e. corner. By an Italian who has apparently 
copied it entirely from a Spanish source. A pencil note on the 
fly-leaf of the mss. atlas, of which it forms a part, gives 1578 as the 
date. It is exqviisitely executed in red, green, gold and blue. 

64 

Note. — Consult title 62 for information relating to the atlas from which this 
map is taken, and also the cartographer. This title also contains the various 
reproductions of the maps from Martines's atlas. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 83 

1579 

Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598. 

Ilispaniolae, Cvbae, aliarvmqve Insularvm circvmiacientivm, 
delmeatio. 1 cart. No date or name. 50 x 22 and 15 cms. 
Cvliacanae, Americae Regionis, Descriptio. 50 x 12.5 and 19.7 
cms. 2 cart. No name or date. Both on one plate 50 x 35.5 cms. 
In his Theatnim Orbis Terrarum. Antverpiae, 1579. Hispaniola 
map shows the southern portion of Florida. wl 65 

Note. — This impression is wrongly stated a.s being from the 1579 Ortelius. 

It is found in the 1612 edition as shown by the itaUan text on the reverse. 

The earliest impression of the map, geographically, was published in the 1579 

edition. On the face of the map is the following: 

"Cum Imp. et Regio priuilegio decennali 1579." 

Republished in all the editions up to the last in 1612. 

Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases for the map in the various edi- 
tions of Ortelius. 

1579 

Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598. 

Tartariae sive magni chami regni t}pus. 47.5 x 35.2 cms. Col- 
ors. 2 cart. No name or date. In his Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. 
Antwerpiae, 1579. This shows coast Alta Cal., the Cal. peninsula 
and Tiguas, "Totonteas" (i. e. Totonteac) but New Mex. not 
used as a name. lc 66 

Note. — This map was first published in the earliest edition of Ortelius of 1570. 
It was republished in all the editions up to 1612, including the english of 1606. 

1580 
Vaz Dourado, Fernao. 

ilap of America, showing Atlantic coast and West Indies. !Ms. 
in gold and colors. 61 x 44 cms. Without name, date or title. 
Original in Royal Library, Munich. A sheet in a ms. atlas of 
Dourado's. Facsimile reproduction same size as original in 
Frontieres entre le Bresil et la Guyane Fran^aise. Atlas. Paris, 
1899. no. 26a, and also in Kunstmann's atlas. Shows Atlantic 
coast, Florida & Gulf of Mexico with central "Bimenii regio." 
Does not show New Mex. or Pacific coast. lc 67 

Note. — See also notes to titles 54, 57 and 68 for descriptions of the various 

reproductions of A'az Dourado's maps. 

1580 
Vaz Dourado, Fernao. 

Terra antipodr regis castele inveta a xpoforo colvbo ianvesi. 
No name or date. Copy in 14th Ann. Rep. Bu. Ethn. between pp. 
384-385. Shows Bimini regio and California coast with names. 

LC 68 
Note.— See also notes to titles 54, 57 and 67 for descriptions of the various 
reproductions of Vaz Dourado's maps. 



84 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1580 
Oliva, Jphannes. 

Costas de Mejico en ambos mares, de la Florida, las Antillas. 
Ms. in gold and colors on parchment. Original in La Biblioteca 
particular de S. M. el Rev. Madrid. This map is no. 17 in a ms. 
collection of 17 sea charts illuminated in gold and colors on parch- 
ment. See Noticia breve de las cartas y pianos existentes en la 
Biblioteca de S. M. el Rey por D. Cesareo Fernandez Duro. Bol. 
de la Real Soc. Geo. de Madrid. Tomo xxvi, pag. 361. 69 

Note. — "Among the portolan-draughtsmen of this period the most prolific were 
the Oliva family. Probably Oliva is only an Italian form of Olives. If so, 
the Majorcan family of map-di-aughtemen, that executed most of their works at 
Messina during the 16th. century, would still during the 17th have continued the 
firm in the same town under the name of Oliva. The Christian names Johannes 
(Giovanni, Jaume) and Bartolomeo are common to both. By Johannes Oliva 
there are in U.-A.'s list about 10 charts from 1587 to 1622 most of them covering 
the whole or part of the field of the normal-portolano. Further there are men- 
tioned in U.-A., 4 charts by Franciscus Oliva from 1594 to 1659, all comprising 
the district of the normal-portolano; an atlas by Salvator Oliva dated 1620, 
consisting of 7 maps, most of them including extra-European countries, as well 
as a typical portolano (3 maps), dated 1631; by Brascto Olivo (Oliva?) a 
typical portolano of 1633: by Placidus Oliva (or Placidus C'aloiro et Olh'a) 
12 charts, drawn between 1615 and 1653, all of the district of the normal- 
portolano, so far as I have been able to judge from the descriptions. A work by 
Gio. Batt. ("aloiro et Oliva is dated 1673. Not one of the charts by the 
Oliva firm can have been of any importance in the development of geography 
or cartography." Consult Nordenskiold, Periplus, p. 69. 

See also notices of the various maps by this author p. 244, 245, 251, 253, 254 of 
Uzielli anrf Amat di S. Filippo's 5furfi biografici e bibliografici sulla storia della 
geografia in Italia . . . Roma, 1S82. 

A reproduction of his map of the world, with, date 1613 is no. 90, of the Kohl 
Collection, discribed by Winsor as: 

"From a ms. portolano preserved in the Egerton mss. in the Briti.-^h Museum. 
The general map is called "Typus orbis terrarum." It is inscribed "Joannes 
Oliva fecit in civitate Marsilliie, Ano 1613." It has most of the points of 
Ilakluyt's map; but gives South America better. It has the usual arctic Lslands 
and antarctic continent of this period. The language of its names is Italian, 
occasionally Latin. The Catalogue of MS. maps, Brit. Mus., 1844, i, 33, shows 
this portolano to contain maps of the east coast of North America, of the West 
Indies, and of South America. 

"The Brit. Mus. MSS., 2-5714, is a map of the world by Oliva, put under 1609." 
Consult the following works: 

Enrile, Antonino. Di un allante nautico disegnato in Messina net 1.596 da 
Giovanni Oliva e conservalo oggi nella Biblioteca del comune di Palermo. 
[In Societh geografica italiana. Bollettino. Febbraio, 1905. 8°. Roma, 1905. 
Serie iv, v. 6, no. 2, pp. 6.^-75] 

Ferndndez Duro, Ceadreo. Atlas inedito de Juan Oliva {1592) 
[In Sociedad geogrdfica de Madrid. Bolelin, 1889, v. 27, pp. 287-289] 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 85 

1582 
Chaves, Jeronimo de. 

La Florida. 22.5 x 15 cms. 2 cart. Undated. In Teatro de 
la Tierra Universal Abrahan Ortelio Cosmografo del Rey ii B 
Ambres 1582. This is the earliest date of this map; it is not 
found m the 1579 edition. It reoccurs in subsequent editions, as 
in the Theatruni Orbis Terrarum of 1595, which see and of which 
I have a copy. This map follows very closely the description of 
Florida given by Oviedo in his Hist. General y Natural de las 
Indias, Madrid, 1851. Lib. xxi; Caps vii and vin. Tomo 2. 
pp. 143-144. Oviedo's description appears to be based upon a 
map of Alonso de Chaves "cjue nuevamente se corrigio e emendo 
el auo que passo de mill e quinientos y treynta y seis anos"; see 
ihid, Cap. x., p. 149. Oviedo's history was written from 1535 to 
1555, see Narr. & Crit. Hist. Am., Vol. ii, p. 343. The map, 
however, is not as full as the Oviedo description. lc 70 

Note. — The 1579 Ortelius, described in Phillips' List of Geographical Aliases, 

title SS6, has this map which is evidently inserted from some other edition. 

This map is first found in the Additameiitvm, in, 1SS4, and afterward in the 

complete work of the same year. 

According to Hessels, the first Spanish edition of Ortelius' atlas was published 

in 1588, a copy of which ia described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, 

title 393. 

Consult also this "Lisi," titles 389 and 390. There seems to be no authority for 

a 1582 edition of Ortelius. 

An extensive notice of Chaves, with a list of his works, is found in Navarrete's 

Biblioteca maritima espafiola, pp. 563-565. 

Consult also chapter entitled " Uernando Colon, Alonso de Chaves, Carta de 

Jeronimo de Chavez, Carta de Pedro Medina" in Manuel de la Puente y Olea'a 

Estudios espaOoles. Los Irabajos geogr6ficos de la Casa de Contratacidn . . . 

Scvilla, 1900, pp. 312-317. 

1585 
With, John. 

Map of southern part of the Atlantic coast of North America, 
showing the strait leading from Port Royal to the South Sea. 
(DrawTi in 1685 by John White ( ?) Artist to Ralegh Colonj^, now 
first published by permission of the British Museum) In The 
Beginning of a Nation, by Edward Eggleston in the Century 
Magazine, Vol. xxv, No. 1, November 1882, bet. pp. 66 and 67. 
Shows the Floridian Peninsula. See Justin Winsor in Narr. & 
Crit. Hist. Am., Vol. iv, p. 45. wl 71 

Note. — See a much larger reproduction of this map and a notice of the maker 
in Ilakluyt'a Principal navigations, voyages, traffiques, & discoveries of ike English 
nation. Glasgow, 1904. r. 8, p. xiii and bet. pp.320-S21. {Hakluyt society . 
Extra series) 

The Editor of this work in his Virginia Cartography, pp. 3-18, gives all the 
information known relating to With and endeavors to prove that there is a ques- 
tion of doubt as to whether he was the go\ernor John White or the artist John 
With as mentioned by de Bry and Uakluyt. 



eb LIBEAEY OF CONGRESS 

1586 

Drake, ^Sir Francis, lo40?-1596. 

S. Augustini pars est terrae Floridae sub latitudine 30 gradora 
vero maritima humilior est, lancinata est insulosa. — Saint Augus- 
tine. 35.7 X 48.1 cms. In his Expeditio Francesci Draki eqvitio 
Angli in Indias Occidentales A. mdlxxxv. Leydae, Apud Fr. 
Raphelengium, 1588. Small 4°. wl 71a 

Note. — The impression in this collection is a photograph and has five columns 

of english text of nine lines each, with heading "Saint Augustine." 

In E. D. Church's A catalogue of books relathig to . . . America, v. 1, p. SOS, 

is the following description of the edition in his collection: 

"This is an original account in Latin of Drake's expedition from 1585 to 1586, 

during which he captured and plundered Cartagena and other towns, burned 

forts San Antonio and St. Augustine. He then visited Roanoke Island, the 

site of Raleigh's Colony in Virginia, and carried the survivors back to England. 

The Lenox Library has two copies, one of which, with a different vignette, 

composed of type-ornaments, on the title-page, has the maps colored by hand, 

laid in. 

"The work usually has four large folding maps, but we know of no other copy 

of this edition which has the slips of English letter-press pasted at the foot. It is 

not unlikely that these slips were printed for A Summarie and True Discourse of 

Sir Francis Drakes West Indian Voyage, London, 1589, copies of which, in the 

Huth Library and British Museum, have these same maps with the English 

slips." 

A reduced reproduction of this plan is found with title as follows: 

Expvgnatio civitatis S. Avgvstini in America Sits. 6} x 5J. [View] 

[In Tabula; & imagines ad septimam et octavam Americse partem, nimirvm privxo 

ad historiam Vlrici Fabri, deinde ad descriptionaii itineris Francisci Draken, ac 

tandem ad illustrationem regionis Gvianx, pertinentes. fol. Francoforti ad 

Moenvm, Matthaervm Becker, 1599. pi. 9: DeBry. Collectiones peregrina- 

tionum America, pt. S. 1599. 1st latin ed.] 

Same view in 2d latin edition, 1625; and in 1st german edition, 1599. 

1588 

Maldonado, Lorenzo Ferrer, d. 1625. 

1° Perspectiva del Estrecho (de Anian) por la Vanda del Norte. 
Map 11.5 X 8 cms. and including legend, 11.5 x 11.5 cms. Ms. 
Undated, unsigned. 2° Perspective del Estrecho (de Anian) 
Vanda del Sur. Map 10.5 x 7.5 cms. and includmg legend 11.5x11.5 
cms. Ms., Undated, unsigned. Both 1 ° and 2° are on fol. 1 5, which 
is 21 X 30 cms. 3° Piano y Fortificacion del Estrecho (de Anian) 
Map 11.5 X 14.5 cms. and LncludLng legend 11.5 x 19 cms. It is on 
fol. 16. Ms. Undated, unsigned. 4° Two views of the northern 
hemisphere showing the course of Ferrer, Both views with 
legends included in frame 14.5 x 22.5 cms. It occurs on fol. 17. 
Ms. Undated, unsigned. Origmal in Acad, de la Hist. Madrid. 
Col. Munoz. t°. 38 No. 1. fols. 15, 16 and 17. These maps accom- 
pany the " Relacion del descubrimiento del Estrecho de Anian que 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 87 

hice yo el Capitan Lorenzo Ferrer MaUlonado en el ano 1588" &c. 
A note by Muuoz says lie copietl these maps from a ms. possibly 
of Ferrer himself in the collection of the Duke of Infantado. 72 

Note. — "On Zalterius' map of- North America, Bering's Strait is denoted by 
the name Streto de Anian. This name plays a great part in the literature of 
itoaginar)' geographical discoveries rising out of a memorandum of the Spanish 
na\-igator and adventurer Maldonado (died 1625) to the Spanish government 
about the discovery of the strait of Anian, 'made by me. Captain Lorenzo 
Ferrer Maldonado, in the year 15SS.' The account, which has been translated 
and published in Italian and French by Carlo Amoretti, and in English by 
JoHM Barrow, is a pure fiction, which, however, attracted a great deal of atten- 
tion in its time, since it was thought to be a proof of the possibility of the north- 
west passage. A special expedition even was sent from Spain in order to con- 
firm the concocted statements. It may therefore be of interest to point out 
that Maldonado' s map of the Anian Strait forms a copy, dravm on a large scale 
and in altered style, of the map of the strait on Zalterius' map of 1566." Consult 
Nordenskiold, Periplus, p. 100. 

For a further and exhaustive study of Maldonado and the Anian Straits see 
pp. 193-194 of the same work. 

"Other buccaneer expeditions tried their luck by this same route, and probably 
some of them penetrated, certainly not to Bering's straits but perhaps as far as 
to the ^'ancouver archipelago, where the large islands along the coast were 
confounded with the continent of Asia, in the same way as Company Land 
(Urup) on the Asiatic side was confounded with the American mainland by the 
Dutch explorers, to the no small trouble of cartographei-s. It was now believed 
that the great problem was solved. The news which could not be kept a perfect 
secret, gave rise to the introduction of the straits of Anian in maps of the latter 
part of the 16th centurj-, to the Maldonado deception and the Fuca myth. 
The first dated map, on which the Anian straits is found, is one by Bologninus 
Zalterius engraved in 'N'enice in 1566 (FA, fig. 81) The unusual name here 
given to Xorth America, ' Xova Franza, ' renders it probable that it was executed 
to the order of the same celebrated French geogi-apher, Nicolas Nicolay, for 
whom some years pre^•iously Forlani of A'enice had executed a map of the 
Atlantic (N. pi. xxvii) It is possible that the mapping of the narrow strait 
between the Old and New Continents was founded on accounts given by the 
natives to the European free-booters or himters who ventured among the Indian 
tribes of the northern part of North America. Similar accounts among the 
savages in the tracts north and west of Virginia are mentioned, for instance in 
PuRCHAS, iii, p. 849. The strait is mapped as a long, large inlet in Cornelius 
DE JuDAEis' map of the world (FA, pi. xlviii) and in much the same manner 
under the name of 'Stretto de Jezo,' in Dudley's Arcano del Mare. Fig. 96 
shows the notion entertained in 1652 by the celebrated French geographer 
Nicolas Sanson d'Abbe\ille concerning the geography of these regions. He 
had as yet no knowledge of the Dutch exploring expeditions sent out by Van 
Dieman to these parts. On Quad's map of the world entered in Europse 
descriptio, Coloniae 1594, and in Fasciculus Geographicus 1608 (FA, pi. xlix 
the strait is called 'El streto de Amar' (Amur) whereas the name 'Anian 
regnum' is retained for the land east of the strait. So far as I know this name 
occurs for the first time as the designation of a pro^-ince (Ania Pro.) on Gastaldi's 
large map of Asia of the year 1561 (Terza parte dell' Asia, N. T. \vi) It is 
accompanied by a number of legends borrowed from the tales of the A'enetians 
who went to central Asia. 



e» LIBKAEY OF CONGRESS 

Maldonado, Lorenzo Ferrer, d. 1625 — Continued. 

"Maldoiiado's mapping of the Anian Straits, as also a translation of the account 
of his voyage, are reproduced by Carlo Amoretti ( Vmggio del Mare Atlantico al 
Padfico per la via del Nord-Oiisl etc. fallodal Capilano Lorenzo Ferrer M aldonado 
I'anno mdlxxxviii, Milano 1811) The same work was published in a French 
translation, 'Plaisance' 1812. An English translation of the text, as well 
as the reproduction of the accompanying drawings, was given by John Bar- 
row {A chronologial history of voyages into the Arctic regions, London 1818) 
Probably Maldonado copied on an increased scale the same original which was 
used for Zalterius' map. The whole of the account given by the far-famed 
adventurer is in other respects an ob\'ious fiction. This however cannot be 
the case with the voyages along the north-western coast of America, which 
were undertaken by a Greek, Juan de Fuca, or, as his real name is, Apostolos 
Valerianos. During his homeward voyage from his forty-years' sojoiu-n as a 
seaman in the Spanish Indies, Fuca passed through Venice in 1596 and there 
met the experienced English merchant Michael Loch. To him among others 
he related a voyage which he had undertaken on behalf of the viceroy of Mexico 
in 1592, during which he had discovered the much sought-for stiait, which was 
supposed to lead from the north part of the Pacific to the North Polar Sea. 
He said that it was completely free from ice and therefore a very convenient 
route from England to the Moluccas. The account gave rise to various writings, 
and was finally printed in Purchas' His Pilgrimes, iii, London 1625, chapter xx, 
p. 849. Fuca had obviously reached the strait which still bears his name south 
of Vancouver's Island, and mistaken it for the passage between the two oceans 
of the world. Fuca's account afterwards caused many expeditions to be sent 
along the north-west coast of America. So late as 1792 a Spanish expedition was 
despatched to explore the Fuca Straits; but it was not till Vancouver's expedi- 
tion 1791-05 that the archipelago in rpiestion was mapped and the discovery 
of Fuca reduced to its proper dimensions." 

Consult the following works for biographical and bibliographical accouBts of 
Maldonado: 
A biographical sketch. 

[In Walckenaer, Charles Athannse. Vies de plusieurs personnages celibres. 12°. 
Laon, Melleville, 1S30. v. 2, pp. 50-55] 

Chamis.so, Adelbert von. Lorenzo Ferrer Maldonado, Bartolomcw De Fonie, 
und die charte von dem ritter Lapic. Weimar, 1821. 

[In Neue allgemeine geographische ephemeriden. 8°. Weimar, 1822. v. 10, 
pp. 419-441] 

Review of Chamisso's Entdeckungsreiss von Otto von Kotzebue. v. 3, p. 15S 
. . . Bemerkungen. 

Maldonado, Lorenzo Ferrer. Imogen del mvndo, sobre la esfera, cosmografia, 
y geografia, teorica de planetas, y arte de nauegar ... 4 P-1-, 276 p., 2 1, diagr, 
12°. Alcala, J. Garcia y A. Duplastre, 1626. 

Maldonado, Lorenzo Ferrer Viaggio dal mare Atlantico al Padfico per la via 
del Nord-Ovest, falto dal capitano Lorenzo Ferrer Maldonado Vanno mdlxxxviii 
Tr. da unmanoscrittospagnuoloinedito da Carlo Amoretti . . . 2 p. L, 98 p., 2 1. 
S fold. maps. 4°. Milano, G. Silvestri, 1811. 
Title vignette. 

Caption title: Dello scoprimento dello stretto d'Anian fatto da me capitano 
Lorenzo Ferrer Maldonado nell' anno 1588, nella quale leggesi I'ordine della 
navigazione, la disposizione del luogo, e'l modo di fortificarlo. 
Maldonado, Lorenzo Ferrer. Viaggio dal mare Atlantico al Padfico per la via 
del Nordovest fatto dal capitano Lorenzo Ferrer Maldonado I'anno mdlxxxviii tr. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 89 

da tin manoscrilto spagnuoio ineclito della Bibliotcca Ambrosiaiia di Milano dal 
Sig. cavalicre Carlo Ainorelli . . . Iiuerilo nelle parte 2" del tomo 1° delle Mem- 
orie de lelteralura ec. dclV Istituto suddetto [i. e. Islituto nazionale] 4, 96 p. fold. 
map. 4°. Bologna, fratelli Masi e CO., 1812. 

Krusenstern, Adam Johann von. Maldonado's entdeckung eincr nordwestlkhen 
durch/ahrt imjahre 15S8. 

[In AUgemeine geographische ephemeriden. Januar, 1814. 8°. Weimar, 1814. 
r. 4-i, pp. S-U] 

Lindenau, Le baron Bernhard August von. Sur la navigation nordouest de 
Maldonado de Lisbonne au delroit de Behring, en 1S88. 

(lu Zach, Franz Xaver, freiherr von. Correspondance astronomique ... 8°. 
Gine.'i, L. Carneglia, 1835. v. 12, pp. 55-i-568; v. 1-3, pp. 161-177] 
Malaspina, Alessandro. Viaje politico-cientifico alrededor del mundo por las 
corbetas Descubierta y Atrevida at mando de los capitanes de nav'w. d. Alejandro 
Malaspina y don Jose de Bustamante y Guerra desde 1789 d. 1794, publkado con 
una introducddn por don Pedro de Novo y Colson . . . 4 p.l., xxxi, 681 p., 1 
I., [4] p. plates, port., tables, fold. map. fol. Madrid, impr. de la viudaehijosde 
Abienzo, 1885. 

Cover-title: La vuelta al mundo por las corbetas Descubierta y Atrevida al mando 
del capitdn de imv'w D. Alejandro Malaspina desde 1789 h 1794 ■ ■ ■ From the 
inedited papers of Mala-spina deposited in the archives of the Direccidu de hidro- 
grafia. C. Negri, in Boll, de la Soc. geog. itah, 1871 (p. xxx\'ii) and Amat di 
S. Filippo, in his Biog. dei viaggialori ital. {Roma, 1881, p. 530-531, and again 
ed. 2', Roma, 1882, p. 530-531) refer to an earlier publication of the Malaspina 
papers supposed to have appeared in "Annates hidrogrdficos 1871" [I] 
"Este libro puede considerarse . . como un extracto 6 compendio, 
siendo asi que los originales manuscritos ocuparian eiete voliimenes iguales al 
presente." — Xota curiosa [p. 683] 

"Relacion del descubrimiento del estrecho de Anian que se atribuyo el capitan 
Lorenzo Ferrer Maldonado" : p. 137-144. — "Memoria sobre este descubri- 
miento, leida en la Real academia de ciencias de Paris por M. Bauche [i. e. J. N. 
Buache de la Xeu\dlle]" translated from the french by M. Fernandez Xava- 
rrete: p. 144-183. — "Vocabulario del idioma mulgrave": p. 349-351. — "Viaje 
de D. Jos6 de Espinosa y Tello, desde Cadiz hasta Acapulco, donde se reuni6 d 
la expedicion de las corbetas, y continuacion de este viaje": p. 387-420. — 
"Derrotero de la isla de Chiloe, por D. Jose Moraleda": p. 504-525. — "Derro- 
teros desde el puerto del Callao hasta el rio de Guayaquil, y de este punto hasta 
el golfo de Panamd por D. Fabio Ali-Ponzoni": p. 539-556. — "Estudio sobre 
las costumbres y descripciones interesantes de la America del Sur, por Espinosa " : 
p. 557-577. — Introduccion al vocabulario de Vavao, por . . . d. Ciriaco Ceval- 
los": p. 620-626. — "Discusion sobre las longitudes de las costas de Chile y 
Peru por D. Felipe Bauza": p. 627-632. — " Observaciones de la velocidad del 
sonido, de latitud, longitud y variaciones hechas en Santiago de Chile, por 
. . . D. Jos6 Espinosa y . . . D. Felipe Bauzd": p. 657-661.— "Estado 
donde se manifiesta la relacion de gravedades entre di versos lugares del mundo, 
eegun las experiencias hechas por las corbetas, formado por . . . d. Ciriaco 
de CevaUos": p. 663. 

Xavarrete, Martin Fernandez de. Examen historico-critico de los viajes y 
descubrimientos apdcrifos del capitan Lorenzo Ferrer Maldonaldo, de Juan 
de Fuca, y del Almirante Bartolome de Fonte. Memoria comenzada por d. 
Martin Fernandez de Navarrete, y arreglada y concluida por d. Eustaquio Fer- 
nandez de Navarrete. Alio de 1848. 8°. Madrid, viuda de Calero, 1849. 
[Coleccion de documenlos ineditos para la historia de Espana. v. 15, pp. 5-.36S] 
Xovo y Colson, Pedro de. Sobre los viajes apdaifos de Juan de Fuca y de Lorenzo 



90 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Maldonado, Lorenzo Ferrer, d. 1625 — Continued. 

Ferrer Maldonado. Recopilacion y estudio. Contkne tambien estf Hbro la 

disertacion del misr)io autor, iiliilada: Ultima teor'ia sobre la Atldntida. 223 pp. 

4° Madrid, Fortanet, 1881. 

At head of title: Congtreso internacional de americanistas. Ramo de historia— 

tema ri. 

Pennesi, Giuseppe. Lorenzo Ferrer Maldonado e il passaggio N-0. 

[In Societa geograflca Italiana. Bolleltino. Agosto, 1884. 8°. Roma, 1884. 

V. 18. Serie 2, v. 9,facs. 8, pp. 623-656] 

Zach, Franz Xaver, freiherr von. Uber Maldonado' s nordwestliche schifffahrt von 

Lissabon in die Behrings-Strasse im jahre 1588. 

[In his Monatliche corresponded . . . 8°. Gotha, 1812. v. 26, pp. 413-462] 

1591 

Le Moyne de Morgues, Jacques, d. 1588. 

Floridae Americae Provinciae Recens & exactissima dcscriptio 
Auctore lacobo le Moyne cui cognomen de Morgues, Qui Laudo- 
nierum, Altera Gallorum in earn Prouinciam Nauigatione comitat' 
est, Atque adhibitis aliquot militibus, Ob pericula, Eegionis illius 
interiora & Maritima diligentissime Lustrauit, & Exactissime 
dimensus est, Obseruata etiam singulorum Fluminum inter se 
distantia, ut ipsemet redux Carolo ix Galliarum Regi, demons- 
trauit. 44.5 x 36.5 cms. Colors. 2 Cartouches. In Part ii of 
T. de Bry's "Historia Americae." Francoforti ad Moenum, 1591. 
There is a tracuag ( ?) in theKohlCol. U. S. L. C. No. 185 and a fac- 
simile reproduction in Barnard Shipp'c Hernando de Soto, Phila- 
delphia, 1881. bet. pp. 289-290. Paul Gaffard's Hist, de la 
Floride Franpaise. Paris, 1875, and a smaller facsimile in E. 
Ruidiaz y Caravia's La Florida, Madrid, 1S93. Tomo i. Brit. 
Mus. Cat. 455. d. 12. Kohl dates it 1565, i. e. the date of the 
French occupation of Florida. wl 73 

Note. — This map is found in the latin editions of de Bry of 1591 and 1609 and 

the two german editions of 1591 and 1603 in the Library of Congress. 

A reduced reproduction is contained in : 

Narrative of Lemoyne, an artist who accompanied the frcnch expedition to Florida 

under Laudonnike, 1564- Tr. from the latin of de Bry, with heliotypes of the 

engravings taken from the artist's original drawings. 3 p. I., 23, 15 pp. 44 pi-, 

map, facsim. 4°. Boston, J. R. Osgood & co., 1875. 

Tr. by B. F. Perkins. 

John Gilmary Shea in an article entitled Ancient Florida published in Win- 

sor's Narrative and critical history of America, v. 2, p. 296, says: "Jacques 

Lemoyne de Morgues, an artist accompanying Laudonni&re, wrote some years 

later an account, and made maps and drawings, with notes describing them. 

De Bry made a visit to London in 1587 to see Lemoyne, who was then in 

Raleigh's service; but Lemoyne resisted all pursuasions to part with his 

papers. After Lemoyne's death De Bry bought them of his widow (1588) 

and published them in 1591, in the second part of his Grands voyages, as Brevis 

narratio." 

As this expedition was made in 1564 this map would possibly have served a 

better purpose to have been put under that date in this description. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 91 

The following interesting manuscript comment is on the border of the Kohl 
Collection map, no. 185: 

' ' This is a copy of the celebrated map of Florida, which De Bry has published in 
his work entitled: ' Bre%'i3 Narratio eorum quae in Floridae Americae provincia 
Gallis acciderunt etc. Francofurti Anno mdxci.' (A short narration of what 
happened to the Frenchmen in Florida etc. Francfurt in the year 1591) 
"The map has the following title, translated into English: A new and exact 
description of Florida, a province of America, by James Le Moyne, called de 
Jforgues, who accompanied Laudoniere at the second French expedition to 
that pro\-ince, and who with the aid of some soldiers to protect him against 
dangers, explored the interior as well as the maritime parts of that region, most 
industriously and measured it verj' exactly, obserWng also the distances of the 
single rivers from each other, as he showed it himself after his return to Charles 
IX, King of France. 

" De Brj' says, that he bought the map with the report and other sketches of 
Le MojTie from his widow in England. 

"It is the most remarkable and important map, which, so far as we know of, has 
been preserved to us among the maps, composed in the 16th century of that 
part of the East-Coast, which lies between Cape Hatteras and Cape Florida. 
The authority and influence of this map reaches as far down as the latter half of 
the 17th centur>-, until the time of the first English plantations in Carolina. 
It commences in the South with Cuba, 'Promentorium Floridae ' and ends 
in the North with: 'Promentorium Terra falg.' (Cape Trafalgar) and in the 
West with about the mouth of the Mississippi. 

"The French explorations and observations did not go beyond the River Jordan 
(Charlestown harbour) and beyond Cape St. Roman. Le Moj-ne took all the 
coast between River Jordan and Cape Trafalgar from Spanish maps, which is 
sufficiently indicated by the old Spanish names, which he has all along this Coast: 
'The fl: Siceum' (Rio seco) 'Portus Principis' (Puerto del Principe) etc., etc. 
The same may be said of that piece of the map, which lies to the South of Cape 
Caiiaveral. The French na\'igators coasted here only along the shore without 
making particular observations. Their explorations and landings commenced 
from a point a little South of St. Augustine harbour and went not quite as far 
North as Rio Jordan. 

" It is impossilbe for us to analyze here the map in detail. We can only point 
out the most striking featin-es and wiU show them from West to East. 
'Sinus Morquel' (the Bay Morquel) corrupted for 'the Bay of Miruelo'=our 
Apelachee Bay. 

'Sinus Joannis Ponce' (Bay of John Ponce de Leon)=Tampa-Bay. 
'Prom: Floridae' (Cape Florida) in its true Latitude. 

'F. Delphinum' (Delphin river)=Augustine harbour. 'F. May' (May river)= 
St . John's river, explored and surveyed by Laudonnifere and his men in 1565, and 
very well laid dovm on ow map as coming out from a Southern lake as the river 
really does. 

'Portus Regalis'=Port Royal, with the first French fort, built by Ribault in 
1562 and called Charlefort. 

"It is impossible to identify the rivers named 'Seine,' 'Somme,' 'Loire,' etc., 
between Port Royal and May River. 'Fl. Jordanis' (Jordan river)^ur Port 
of Charlestown. 

'Prom. Terra falgu': (Cape Trafalgar )^our Cape Fear. 

"The great Lake in the North is perhaps an Indian tradition brought down from 
the Lakes of Canada. 

' ' Though De Br>- as I said published this map in the year 1591 still it does not ap- 
pear, that the geographers and mapmakers made at once an extensive use of it. 
It is true Hondius, Mercator, Laet and other celebrated Dutch and French geog- 



92 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Le Moyne de Morgues, Jacques, d. 1588 — Continued. 

raphers and map engravers of the 50 years, subsequent to De Bry's publication 
copied the map in their great works. But we find in the same period many 
other great maps of America, which do not shoiv the slightest acquaintaince with 
this map. The Spaniards especially ignored it completely, though they had 
scarcely anything better to show, so far as they at least pleased to make the 
world acquainted with their productions. 

"Nay more, those, which copied the map of Le Moyne, copied it by and by 
quite badly and disfigured it by degrees very much, as we will show hereafter 
on subsequent maps." 

1593 

El Fuerte de Santa Elena. Ms. 58 x 43 cms. Unsigned, undated. 

Anonymous. Arcli. Gen. delnd. Sevilla. Indiferente General. Con- 

.sultas del Consejo y Camara. 1594-1596. Est. 140;Caj. 7. Leg. 

37. D.Pedro Torres Lanzas, " Mapas de Mexico y Florida," Tomo 1, 

p. 43, no. 46, who erroneously dates it 1595. It is one of four maps 

and plans (Nos. 43, 44, 45 & 46 of Lanzas) enclosed with a letter 

to the King beginning "El Alferez Hernando Mestas dice" &c., 

and a deposition of Mestas in an envelope endorsed "Consejo de 

Indias. A su M. en Madrid 8 de Seb^ sobre cosas de la Florida," 

1593. WL 74 

Note.— The earliest plan of St. Augustine in the Library of Congress is entitled 

"Expugnatio civitatis S. Avgvstini in America sitae," pi. 9, of Tabulse & 

imagines ad septimam et octavam Americse partem, nimirvm prima ad historiam 

vhicefahri, deinde ad descriptionem ilineris Frandsci Draken, ac tandem ad illus. 

trationem regionis Gvianx, pertinentes: De Bry: Collectiones peregrinationum 

Am£rica, pt. 8, 1599. This view is found also in the first german edition 1599 

and the second latin edition 1625. 

For a description of this consult title 71a of this work. 

A view entitled: Pagus Hispanorum in Florida. 

[In Montanus, Amoldus. De nieuwe en onhehende weereld. 4°. VAmstcr- 
dam, J. Meurs, 1671, bet. pp. 148-149] 

Same view in Ogilby's America 1671, and in Dapper's german translation, 1673. 
This view is also found in a work published in 1729 by Pieter van der Aa, 
entitled "La gaUrie agreable du monde." It "represents the town founded 
by Menendez at a somewhat later period, if it is wholly truthful of any period-" 

1593 
Spano, Antonio, d. 1615. 

Terrestial globe engraved on ivory. Signed: Antonius spano 

tropiensis fecit 1593. With dedication to Philip II, King of 

Spain. Diameter 8.1 cms. Origmal with Frederik Muller & co., 

Amsterdam, 1903. I have a photograph full size, being No. 1420 

in "Catalogue de Manuscrits et de Livres provenant des Collections 

Baron van den Bogaerde de Heeswijk; Jhr. Dr. Six a Amsterdam; 

M- L. Hardenberg a la Haye . . . Segonde Partie . . . May 

1901 . . . Amsterdam, Frederik Muller &Cie. With note. WL 75 

Note.— Consult article by Charles Raymond Beazley entitled: Globe of 1593. 

[In Royal geographical society. Journal. April, 1904. S°. London, 1904, v. 

23, pp. 496-498] 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 93 

"Mr. n. J. Pfimgst, F. S. A., has lately acquired an interesting and most artistic 
ivory globe of 1593 (formerly the property of the Kemponaer family of Leeu- 
warden\ executed by Antonio Spano, and di(li< aliil to the Infant Philip, 
afterwards Philip in. On the Unknown Soutlurn ( > lUiiicnt it bears the arms 
of Spain; above the Spanish arms is the inscription I'riunpi Philip. Philip, ii. 
Bisp. Indiar. Neap. c. Siciliae Cathol. Regis Filio. Below the Circulus Antarcli- 
cus is a salutation addressed to the same prince: Princepsfelieissime totus Orbis ad 
se ffuhcrnandum te vocal el expcctal. Close to the south pole is the signature Anlo- 
nius Spano tropiensis fedl, 1593, thus assigning the work to the sculptor of 
Tropea (near Naples), who was, in 1595, granted a pension of 100 ducats by his 
master and patron Philip n. This pension Spano seems to have enjoyed down 
to his death at Madrid in 1615; it was continued to his son Francisco Spano by 
Philip III. 

"This globe is hollow, and consists of two parts (N. and S.) which fit together, 
and are pierced by small holes at the two extremities. It has been suggested 
that it was intended to serve as a scent box, but it was perhaps rather meant 
to hold string. Its size is diminutive; in diameter it meastu-es 81 millimetres, 
or 3J inches. Its execution is admirably clear and fine, and even its minutest 
legends can be easily read with a magnifier. Frederick Muller, of Amsterdam, 
in whose possession it has lately been, describes it in his catalogue as giving 
the 'impression of the highest point of geographical science then attained,' but 
this is not always the case. Everything, indeed, points to its being primarily 
a work of art. 

" It may be of interest to note the chief peculiarities of this beautiful little curio, 
whose world-conceptions are extremely curiotis and can not easily be assigned 
to any known tj'pe . . . 

"In America, the whole continent {America sive India nova) is given as a vast 
land-mass, wholly detached from Asia; the coast line of the northern part is 
far better than that of the southern, paradoxical as that may seem. The St. 
Lawrence is clearly indicated, but there is no sign of the lakes from which it 
springs. Peru is placed in the very middle of the South American continent; 
the Amazon is well conceived, but the Maranon (Maragno) is made wholly 
distinct; the Peru\dan and Chilian coast-line is extraordinarily erratic." 
For a short sketch of Spano, consult .Tuan Agustin Cean Bermudez' Diccionario 
hislorico de los mas iluslres profesdres . . Madrid, ISOO. pp. 391-392. 

1593 

Mapa del Pueblo, Fuerte y Cano de San Agustin de la Florida y 

del Pueblo y Cano de San Sebastian. Ms. 76 x (36 cms. No 
name, date or title. Anonymous. Arch. Gen. de Ind. Sevilla. 
Indiferenie General. Consultas del Consejo y Camara. 1594-1596. 
Est. 140; Caj. 7; Leg. 37. D. Pedro Torres Lanzas, "Mapas de 
Mexico y Florida," Tomo i., p. 41, No. 43, who erroneously dates 
it 1595. It is one of four maps and plans (Nos. 43, 44, 45 and 46 of 
Lanzas) enclosed with a letter to the King beginning "El Alferez 
Hernando de mestas dice" &c., and a deposition of Mestas in an 
envelope endorsed: "Consejo de Indias. A su M. en Madrid 8 de 
Sebr sobre cosas de la Florida. 1593." wl 76 

Note. — A tracing of this map, according to the original size, is found in (ho 
collection of the Library of Congress. Consult also title 74. 



94 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1593 

Piano del Fuerte de San Agustin de la Florida. 58 x 43 cms. 
Colors. Ms. Xo name, date or title. Anonymous. Arch. Gen. 
de Ind. Sevilla. Est. 140; Caj. 7; Leg. 37. (2) This is a colored 
plan view, with figures of the day and night sentinels, the places 
where the soldiers fight, cannon &c. It accompanies a memorial 
and consulta of 1593. See ante note 10, "El Fuerte de Santa 
Elena" 1593. No. 44, p. 42, of Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Flor- 
ida," Tomo I, who erroneously dates it 1595. LC 77 

Note. — A tracing of this map, according to the original eize, is found in the 
collection of the Library of Congress. Consult also title 74. 

1593 

" Piano del Fuerte biejo que esta en San Agustin llamado San 
Marcos. Todo es de madera y esta apuntalado &c, }- cstfi, plantado 
en el puesto del que va trazado para la obra nueva" etc. Ms. 
Unsigned, imdated. Anonymous. 31 x 37 cms. Colors. Arch. 
Gen. de Ind. Seville. Est. 140; Caj. 7; Leg. 37, (3) With a 
memorial and "consulta" of 1593. See the note to "El fuerte de 
Santa Elena," 1593 ante. It is a simple colored plan view of the 
fort. Not important. No. 45, p. 42, Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico 
y Florida," Tomo i, who erroneously dates it 1595. lc 78 

Note. — A tracing of this map, according to the original eize, is found in the 
collection of the Library of Congress. Consult also title 74. 

1594 

Bry, Theodore de, 1528-1598. 

Occidentalis Americse partis, vel, earujn Regionum quas Chris- 
tophorus Columbus primu detexit Tabula Chorographica e mul- 
torum Auctorum scriptis, prsesertim vero ex Ilieronymi Benzoni 
(qui totius xiiii aimis eas Provincias diligenter perlustravit) 
Historia, confiata & in aes incisa a Theodoro de Bry LeodL Amio 
M.D.xciiii. 44 X 33 cms. 1 cart. 1 coat of arms. In de 
Bry. Americas Pars iv. Francoforti ad Moenmn. Shows Florida 
peninsula. There are 4 editions of this date. 2 editions of 1613 
and 1644. i.c 79 

Note. — This map embraces Florida, the West Indies and the northern portimi 
of South America. 

There seems to be no map in the previous works of Benzoni. According to the 
statement made on the border of the reproduction of this map, no. 38, in Fron- 
tiires entre lc Brail et la Guiane Fran(;mse. Atlas. 1900, described in Phillijis' 
List of Geographical Atlases, title 2719, four editions are mentioned with the 
date 1594, two of 1613 and one of 1644. Consult a notice, with portrait of 
Benzoni, in Winsor's Narrative and critical history of America, v. 2, pp. 346-S-i: . 
This article contains references to various other works on Benzoni. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 95 

1595 
Chaves, Jeronimo de. 

La Florida. Auctore Hieron. Chiaues. Undated. Latin text 
on the reverse. Colors. 2 cartouches. 22.5 x 15 cms. In Abra- 
hami Ortelii theatnim orbis terraruni. Antv. ex typographia 
Plantiuiana. 1595. See Teatro de la Tierra LTniversal. Ortelio 
(Abraham) Cosmografo del Rey n s Ambres 1582, for its earliest 
date. My copy is from the Latin edition. The map in the 1598 
Ortelius discussed in reference to De Soto's route by Lewis in his 
"Route of De Soto" in Pubs. Miss. Hist. Soc. 1902. Vol. vi, 
p. 451. WL80 

Note.— Thid ie one of the inset maps which accompaniee his map of Peru. For 
the various other impreseious, consult title 70. 

1595 

Mercator, Michael. 

America sine India Nova ad magnae Gerardi Mercatoris aui 
Vniversalis imitationem m compendium redacta. Per Michaelem 
Mercatorem Duysburgensen. 46 x 36.5 cm. Undated. In Atlas 
sive cosmographicae meditationes de fabrica mxmdi et fabricati 
figura. Ger. Mercatore Rupelmondano auctore Duysbergi, 1585 
et 1589. — Secunda pars. Duseldorpii, Busius, 1595. The map 
occurs in the 2d part. Hondius used Mercator's plates. wl 81 

Note. — For notices relating to Mercator and hie various works see note to 
title 55. 

A reproduction is found in Frontitrex entre Ic Bresilet laGuiane Frangiise. Atlas, 
1900, no. 39, described in Phillips' Lut of Geoffraphical Atlases, title2719. Con- 
sult also this "List" for copies in the Mercators for 1607 latin; 1609 french; 
1613 latin; 1619 latin; 1628 latin; 1630 french; 1633 french. 
This map contains circular border maps of the "Golfo Mexicano," "Cvba" 
and "Haiti." 

For information concerning this atlas and map consult the article on Rumold 
Mercator, by Wauwermans, in Biographie nationale, Bnucelles, 1897, v. 14- P- 
426-431. 

"En ce moment Rumold terminait activement I'ouvre de son pere et preparait 
la 3" et demi^re livraison de son Atlas, qui ne parut que quelques annees 
plus tard, dans des circonstances critiques que nous indiquerons. II est mani- 
feste que cette partie de I'oeuvre ne s'acheva qu'au milieu de nombreuses 
difEcultcs financieres et autres. Elle devait comprendre: 2 cartes d'lskmde et 
des terres polaires, 19 cartes des lies Brilanniques (avec carte d'ensemble) 1 
carte de Suide et Nnrvlae, 6 cartes des pa>'s slaves, Prusse, Livonie, Riissie, 
Lilhiumie, Transylvanie, Chersoickle Tauriq-ue, peut-etre meme les cartes de la 
peninsuh Iherique, dont dependaient alors les Pays-Bas, pour lesquelles Mer- 
cator semble manquer de ren?eignements, et enfin toiites les cartes d'ensemble: 
Mappemonde, cartes ^''Europe, Hl' Asie, d'A/rique, d'Amerique, formant comme 
la synthese de I'neuvre du grand g^ographe." Consult Wauwermans' Uistoire 
de I'icole cartographique, v. 2, p. 187. 

"Ainsi que nous I'avons dit & la page pr^c^dente, le troisifeme fils d'AmoId 
• Mercator et d'Elisabeth Monhemius €tait Michel. En effet, si Gerard, fils 



96 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Mercator, Michael — Continued. 

d'Amold, etait frfere de Michel comme Gh^-mniius le declare, il faut que Michel 
soit fila d'Amold comme Im. Janus Gruterus, I'auteur du livre intitule In- 
scriptiones anliqux totius orbis Romani, affirme egalement que le p&re de Boa 
ami Michel Mercator etait Arnold, assertion qui s'accorde avec rinscription 
de la carte reduite de I'Am^rique qui figure au commencement de V Atlas de 
Mercator, inscription ou Michel, qui grava cette carte, declare lui-meme que 
le celfebre g^ographe Gerard ^tait son grand-pfere. Dans cette meme inscrip- 
tion, Michel Mercator se dit natif de Duisbourg {Duuburgcnsem) qui etait tree 
probablement aussi le lieu de naissance de ees deux freres Jean et Gerard. On 
ignore quand et oix il mourut; mais on sait qu'il a dCl etre marie puisque m' 
le profeeseur Kohnen nous a signale un fds de Michel Mercator, nomme . . . 
Arnold." Consult J. van Raemdonck, Gerard Mercator, pp. 346-347. 

1596 

Bry, Theodore de, 1528-1598. 

America sive novus orbis respectv Evropaeorum inferior globi 
terrestris pars. 1569 Francofurti ad Moenum, formis Theod. de 
Bry. 33 x 40 cms. In Benzoni (Girolamo) Americas pars 
sexta, sive historise ab Hieronynio Bezono Mediolanese Scripta? 
. . . Fracofurtese 1596. bet. pp. 4-5. De Bry Collectiones per- 
egrinationum America, pt. 6. 1596. First Latin edit. There is 
a copy of the northern half in 14th Ann. Rep. Bu. Ethn., Pt. i. 
between pp. 392-393. Shows California shore with Quivira, 
Tiguex &c. and Florida peninsula. Same map in 2d Latin edit. 
1617 and in 1st German ed. 1597. Not in 2d German ed. 1619. 
Contains corner illustrations of "Christophorus Columbus," 
"Magellanus," "Americus Vesputius" and "Franciscus Pisard." 

LC82 

Note. — A reproduction of this map is no. 40 of Frotjtiires cntre le Bresil et la 
Guiane Frarifaise, Atlas, 1900, described in Phillips' List o/Gcographicnl Atlases, 
title 2719. 
Consult also title 79 for references to de Bry and Benzoni. 

1597 
Wytfliet, Corneille. 

Florida et Apalche. 28.7 x 23 cms. Unsigned. In his Descrip- 

tionis Ptolemaicse Avgmentvm . . . Lovanii, 1598. Also in 

Kohl Coll. U. S. L. C. No. 264. wl 83 

Note. — The earliest impression of this map is found in the 15!)7 edition, and 

also in all the editions that come after. 

Consult this edition of Wytfliet, described in Phillips' List oj Geographical 
Aliases, title 1140. It is known as the first distinctively american atla.s. 
Nordenskiold, in his Facsimile-atlas, p. 29, describing the so-called "pseudo- 
editions of Ptolemy," gives the following editions of Wytfliet: 
"Lovanii 1597; Louvain 1597 (english edition) Lavanii 1598; Duaci 1603; 
Douay 1605; Dovay 1607; Dovay 1611. Different editions of a very important 
and, as may be conceived by the numerous editions, highly appreciated work 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 97 

by CoRNELros Wttpliet, of which the latiu title is: Descriplionis Plolcmaicae 

Aiigmcnliim. Here, it ia true, Ptolemy's name is ou the title page. But the 

work does not contain one lino of Ptolemy. It describes a part of the globe 

entirely unknown to the ancients, and this in a manner completely different 

from the style of the Alexandrian geography." These maps are given in 

facsimile in various portions of his Facsimile-alias. 

An extensive review of this work by Wytfliet is found in Johann Georg Hagers' 

Gcographischrr buckcrsaal . . . 1772. v. 2, pip. 56S-5S9. 

For a life of the author consult Jean Noel Paquot's Memoires vour servir e> 

Vhistoirc lilteraire. 1763. v. 12, pp. 252-255. 

1597 

Wytfliet, Corneille. 

Granata Xova et California. 28.7 x 22.9 cms. Unsigned, 
undated. In his Descriptionis Ptolemaicse Avgmentvm . . . 
Lovanii, 1598. Shows Cibola. Copy in 14th Ann. Rep. Bu. 
Ethn. between pp. 400-401. See Brit. Mus. X. BK, p. 64. H. H. 
Bancroft, Arizona and New Mexico, San Francisco, 1888, p. 71, gives 
a much reduced cut of this map. lc 84 

Note. — ^This map was first published in the edition of 1597. 
Consult also title 83 for bibliographical references, 

1597 

Wytfliet, Corneille. 

Limes Occidentalis Quiuira et Anian. 1597. 28.7 x 23.4 cms. 
Unsigne<l. In Ids Descriptionis Ptolemaicaj Avgmentvm . . . 
Lovanii, 1598. 

Copy in 14th Ann. Rep. Bu. Ethn. between pp. 404-405. See 
p. 64, Brit. Mus. N. BK. lc 85 

Note. — This map ia also found in the edition of 1597. See also title 83. 

1600 
Tattonus, Gabriel. 

Maris pacifici quod vulgo mar del zur nominant cum regionibus 
circum,iace]^tibus, insulis/^ in eodem passi Sparsis, nouissima descrip- 
tio, J. Tattonus Auct. 1600. Benjamin Wright Anglus coelator. 
53 X 40.5 cms. 

Shows Florida peninsula, Gulf of Mexico, Nova Grenada (i. e. 

New Mexico) the CaUfomia peninsula and Pacific coast to "Cabo 

Mendocino" and beyond to the Straits of Anian. This west coast 

appears to be taken from a Spanish source. An interesting map. 

Mr. Henry Stevens, London, called my attention to it. Not in 

Brit. Mus., Oct. 1903. 86 

Note. — The title of this map as given above has been corrected according to 

the title given in the article, quoted in this note, by Sidney Colvin in his work 

entitled, Early engraving & engravers in England, p. 32. As noted in this 

article, the author's name is not G. Tattonus as written at the head of this title 

85241°— 12 7 



98 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Tattonus, Gabriel — Continued. 

but J. Tattonus, the Ipttor J being printed in script. Three map makers 
named Tattonus, making maps relating to America about the same time, are 
noted in various publications. 

In the work entitled Fronlih-es enire k Brcsil et la Guyane Franfaisc. Alias: 
1899-1900, described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 27^0, 
are two maps by Gabriel Tatton, nos. 50 and 54; the first from a ms. in 
the National library at Florence, the second, from a ms. in the British 
Museum. Both of these maps relate to the northern part of South America. 
In no. 54, the statement is made that this "Carte manuscrite sur parchemin, 
dessinee d'aprh les documents fournis par Robert Harcourt et ses capitaines qui 
venaient de /aire V exploration des cdtes de la Guyane et de plusieurs rivOres parmi 
lesquelles I'Araguary." 

In Uzielli and Amat di S. Filippo, Stv/ii e bioliografid sulla storia della geografia 
in Italia, p. 269, title 453, is a description of the map by "Gabriele Tatton 
inglese" in the Florence National library entitled : " Carta nauticamembr . . . 
Comprende: Voceano Atlantico, parte delle hole britanniche, dclla Francia, della 
Spagna e del continente africano, l' America meridionale al di qua della linea, il 
golfo del Messico, quello della Virginia, di Noremberga e della Nova Francia fino 
alS7° dilat. N." 

Title no. 103 in this list refers to a map of M. Tattonus, for a description of 
which see that title. 

The maps by J. and M. Tattonus seem to have been mostly engraved by Benja- 
min Wright. In Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 3061, is a description 
of Magini's Atlas of Italy, to which is attached the following note: 
Maps nos. 2, 30-32, 48, 50, 57-58, were engraved by Benjamin Wright, a dis- 
tinguished engraver, living in the beginning of the seventeenth century, 
and bear his initials. His signatiu-e is "Benjamin Wright, Londinensis, 
Anglus." He lived long in Mantua, entertained by the cardinal Ferdinando 
Gonzaga, whom he accompanied to Rome. Later, we find him in Bologna, 
where he engraved for dr. Magini the copper plates of his Italia." 
The Library of Congress also contains the following map engraved by Wright: 
"Nona el recetcrraumetregnorum Calif ornix . , . delineatio,a M. Tattonus . . . 
edita.Senjamin Wright, anglus cxlator, anP 1600 [and] 1616." See title 103. 
Also a facsimile of Wright's map of New France, about 1608, in "Art in 
England . . . Edited by Charles Holme, 1908." 

Some maps of this same engraver are found in the edition of 1599 of Barent 
Langenes, Caert-lhresoor, and reprinted in later editions. 

A most interesting account of Benjamin Wright is found in tRe work of Colvin, 
above quoted, from which this notice is taken, pages 32-33: 
"In later years Benjamin was a traveller. His other known work was all done 
for foreign publishers, namely, small maps of Java, Sumatra, Madagascar, and 
St. Helena, copied from the Caert-Thresor of van Langeren, Amsterdam, 1599, 
for a French translation published also at Amsterdam in 1G02; half a score 
similar small maps and views illustrating the travels of explorers wlio set out 
from the port of Amsterdam in Rerum et urbis Amstelodamensium Hisloria of J. I. 
Pontanus, IGll (dutch ed., 1614) and lastly seven fine richly-embellished and 
darkly-printed maps of the Riviera di Ponente and the kingdom of Naples 
engraved at Bologna in 1613 and published in the Italia of Magini in 1620. 
"In Italy, Wright is said to have enjoyed the protection of Cardinal Ferdinando 
Gonzaga, whom he accompanied to Rome. Until lately the above was all that 
could have been said about him ; but while this volume w;is passing through the 
press three undescribed maps by him have been discovered and purchased by 
the Trustees of the British Museum. One is of the Pacific, inscribed within an 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 99 

elaborate strap-work cartouche. ' Maris Pacific! | quod vulgo mar del zur nomi- 
nant | cum regionibus circumiarcnlibxis,insulisqjineodcm passi | Sparsis,nouissima 
descriptio, J. Tattonus Auct. 1600 | Benjamin Wright Anglus coelator' (the date 
is e\'idently that of the dramug, not of the engraving): a second of Mexico, 
Central America and the Caribbean sea similarly signed by the engraver but 
Avithout name of draughtsman and dated 1600: these are a pair (16| in. high by 
21 J in. wide) The third is of the Atlantic, with the coasts of New France, 
Labrador, Greenland and Western Europe, unsigned and of sUghtly different 
dimensions, but identical in style and even more loaded with decorative 
adjuncts, including an inset with a very spirited scene of whaling on the 
coast of New France. Had I known it in time, I would have given this as 
a specimen of Wright's style instead of the portion of the map of Naples which 
appears below as fig. 15. 

"Unluckily the most interesting of all the maps drawn and engraved in England 
in the reign of Elizabeth is anonymous. This is the famous chart or 'hydro- 
graphical description ' of the world of which Shakespeare makes mention in 
Tuel/th Night as 'the new map with the augmentation of the Indies,' and which 
has been proved from internal evidence to have been prepared by the combined 
skill of the best geographers and hydrographers of the time, Richard Hakluyt, 
Emerie Molyneux, and Edward Wright (the mathematician and inventor of the 
new and perfected method of projection) and to have pubUshed in 1599 or ICOO, 
that is to say a year more or less before Twelfth Night was first produced in the 
hall of the Middle Temple. It is occasionally found bound up with the 
amphfied three-volume edition of Hakluyt's Principall Narigatiom, 1598-1600. 
Technically and decoratively, as a specimen of engraving, it is by no means so 
pretty a piece of work as the world -maps of Jodocus Hondius presently to be men- 
tioned, or as the local maps engraved by Ryther in the two preceding decades; 
but for the purposes of geography and navigation it was far in advance of any 
thing that had gone before, embodying the latest discoveries of John Davis in 
his search for the north-west passage, of Wilhelm Barents in the region of Spitz- 
bergen and Nova Zembla, and of Francisco de Gali on the passage of the Pacific 
Ocean from China to CaUfomia. But here we are touching on matters beyond 
our scope.'' 

1600? 
Martinez, ErLrico, (/. 1632. 

Majja del Xuevo Mexico: por el cosmografo Enrico Martinez. 
Ms. 30 X 42 cms. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Ind. Sevilla. Simancas. Descuiri- 
mientos. Nuevo Mexico. Descubrimientos, descripcioues y pobla- 
ciones del Nuevo Mexico en Xueva Espana. Patronato. Est. 1 ; 
Caj. 1; Leg. 3/22; Ramo 12. 

D. Pedro Torres Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo i. 
p. 44. No. 49, dates it 1600 ? 

(See a Parecer of Martinez, dated July 30, 1629, for approx. 
date, of wliicli I have copy) 

It is endorsed: "Rasguno de las provincias de la Nueva Mexico, 
hecho por enRique Martinez, cosmographo." There is also a long 
note on the back giving its histoiy and e^^dently by its maker. 
It forms part of an Expediente on the discovery of New ilexico 



100 LIBRAKY OF CONGRESS 

Martinez, Enrico — Continued. 

by D. Juan de Onate. It extends from 19 to 42 degrees north 
latitude. wl 87 

Note. — This author is referred to in various biographies under the name of 

Martin. In Hubert Howe Bancroft's History of Arizona and New Mexico, is a 

chapter devoted to Onate's conquest of New Mexico, 1595-1598. In the list 

which he gives, p. 125, among the first settlers of New Mexico, is the name of 

Heman Martin. That Martinez was interested in this expedition is seen 

from' the statement on the reverse of the map which reads: 

"Rasgufio de las provincias de la Nueva Mexico, hecho por enRique Martinez, 

cosmographo. 

' ' ' SegfJn la relacion que me dio juan rodriguez marinero q f ue con el gouemador 

don juan de onate al nuebo descubrim'° 6 hecho esta descripcion con la breuedad 

q V. S. Illi""" me lo a mandado la qual podra siruir en el ynter q se acabe la otra 

en que se veran las cosas mas distinctas y no solo como se an entre si las tierras 

nueuam'" descubiertas mas tambien como se an las tales con las demas prouin- 

cias y costas de mar de la nueba espana con todas la (sic) partes al arte de la 

geographia necessarias para q mejor se pueda entender el eitio del mundo q la 

poblacion del nueuo decubrim'" ocupa del qual loque esta aqui e colegido 

es q esta casi en 40 grades de altura de polo artico y por donde mas se agerca 

a la mar es por la costa de la florida dentro del golfo mexicano del qual esta 

apartado por la via mas breue y por linea recta dozientoa y veinte leguas. 

enrico martinez.' 

" Forma parte del expediente sobre descubrimiento del Nuevo Mexico por 

d. Juan de Onate." 

The Library of Congress contains a copy of his very rare work entitled: Repor- 

torio de los tiempos, y historia natvral desta Nveva Espana . . . 1606. 

This copy, unfortunately lacks the original title-page which is supplied in 

facsimile. 

Notices of Martinez are found in the following works: 

Navarrete, Martin Fernandez de. Biblioteca maritima espanola; pp. 396-397. 

Beristain y Souza, Job6 Mariano. Biblioteca hispano Americana Septentrional 

. . . 1883. V. 2, pp. nS-nJt. 

Andrade, Vicente de Paula. Ensayo bibliografico mexicunn . . . 1S99, pp. 

24-25. 

Diccionario enciclopedico hispano-americano . . . 1893, p. 507. 

See also title 96, for a description of various maps by Martinez. 

1600? 

Mapa de la Florida y Laguna de Maimi donde se ha de hacer un 
Fuerte. Ms. 21 x 30 cms. Unsigned, undated. Anonymous. 

Original in the Arch. Gen. de Ind. Sevilla. Indiferente General. 
Descripciones, Poblacioncs y Derroteros de Viajes. 1521-1818. 
Est. 145; Caj. 7; Leg. 7. 

D. Pedro Torres Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo I. 
p. 71. No. 94, dates it 17th century? I think it probable that it 
was made in the begiiming of the century, if not some 15 years 
earlier. It is endorsed: "Planta de la costa de la Florida v en 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 101 

que Paraje esta la La Guna de Maymi i adonde se ha de hacer 
el fuerte." wl 88 

Note. — The Library of Congress has also a tracing in its collection. A repro- 
duction is found between pp. 286-287 of Lowery's The Spanish settlements v-ithin 
the present limits of the United States. Florida. 1562-1574 . . . New York, 1905. 
A description of this map is given in Appendix FFof this work, pp. 464-466, as 
follows: 

" This map is anonymous, undated, and unaccompanied by data of any descrip- 
tion. 

" The coast names on the map, reading from east to west, are: s helena (Santa 
Elena) ahoya. b de los baxos (Bahia de los Bajos) cofonufo. hospogahe 
(Espogache of the Relations) asao. Guadalquini. Ballenas. S pedro (San 
Pedro). Sena. S mateo. S agustin. matancas (Matanzas). moysquitos 
(Mosquitos) cabo de caflaberal. ays. S iozia (probably ean lozia — Santa 
Lucia). Xega. vocas de migel mora (Bocas de Miguel de Mora), hensenada 
deniupa. M de carlos (Bahia de Carlos) b^ de tacabaga (Bahia de Tacabaga, 
also written Tocobaga) henseilada de carlos. punta de apalahe (Punta de 
Apalache) 

" In the centre: lagunademeiymi. The islands are: bahama. mimeres. isia 
decuba. havana. martires. tortugas. The inscription endorsed on the map, 
and reproduced at the bottom of the copy in this volume, is: ' Planta de la 
coeta de la florida y en que Paraje esta La LaGima Maymi y adonde se ha de 
hacer el fuerte.' 

" The map is no. 94 of Pedro Torre Lanzas, Mapas de Mexico y Florida, tomo 
;., p. 71, where he dates it ' siglo 17 (?)' 

"All of the names on this map are found either on earlier maps or in Relations 
accessible to the writer prior to 1596 with the exception of ' hospogahe,' which 
first appears under the form 'Espogache' in 1606 (in Marques's 'Relacion,' 
Ruidiaz, La Florida, tomo ii., p. 506) and 'hensenada de niupa.' which does 
not appear elsewhere. 

" In 1595 Juan Maldonado Bamuevo, govemorof Havana, sent his nephew Juan 
Maldonado to examine the coast from St. Augustine as far as the southern 
extremity of the Florida Keys. In the 'Derrotero' of the expedition appears 
for the lir.-!t time the Florida coast names 'jega' (Xega of that map) and 'Ijocas 
de miguel de mora' (see Bamuevo's letter of July 6, 1595, with the annexed 
'Derrotero.' Arch. gen. de Indias, Seville, MS., est. 54, caj. 1, leg. 15). At 
about this date Juan de Posada, who had come to Florida in 1586, where 
he had spent seven years (Letter of Albaro Flores, November 9, 1586, Direc. de 
Hidrog., Madrid, Co?. Navarrete, tomo xxii., Doc.no. 98) wrote to the home 
government ad%asing the dismantling of all of the forts in Florida, 'y que haga 
hacer uno en la cabeza de los Martires' (see his imdated 'Relacidn,' Direc. 
de hidrog., Madrid, Col. Navarrete, Doc. no. 31) 

' ' In \dew of the fact that Posada was probably in Florida at the time of Maldona- 
do's return from his expedition; that the location given the fort on the map 
corresponds with the description in the 'Derrotero;' that these particular 
legends are identical in both map and 'Derrotero,' and that the script used on 
the map and in the endorsed title is of the period in which his letter was written, 
it is not at all improbable that the map formed part of Posada's letter." 
For the maps pre^^ous to this, consult article by Justin Winsor, The early car- 
tography of the gulf of Mexico and adjacent parts, in his Narrative and critical 
history of America, v. 2, pp. 217-250. 



102 LIBRARY OF COXGKESS 

17th cent. 
Jonghe, Clemendt de. 

Map of North America. 50 x 43 cms. Without name or date. 
In Paris. Bib. nat. cartes Klaproth 648. 
In upper 1. h. cor. an illustration of the working of a saline. 
Shows Florida & Gulf of Mexico only. Not Cal. or New Mexico. 
No. 216 & 217 in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte de 
I'Amerique. Catalogue des Documents Geographiques exposes a 
la . . . Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. lc 89 

Note. — A reproduction of this map i.s found in Fronliires entre le Bresil et la 

Guyanc Franqaise. Alias. Paris, A. Lahure, 1900, no. 65, described in Phillips' 

List of Geographical Atlases, title 2720. 

A reference to the maker of this map is found in Abraham Jacob van der Aa's 

Biographisch woordenboek der Nederlanden, v. 9, p. 190: "Jonge (Clement) was 

een beroemd uitgever van prenten, in het midden der zeventiende eeuw. 

Zijne afbeelding ziet het licht, geetst door Rembrandt, wiens vriend hij 

genoemd wordt." 

The Library of Congress has an atlas by de Jonghe entitled, Tabula Atlantis 

. . . 1675, with ms. title under a colored frontispiece. This contains a map 

entitled, "Americx nova descriptio Amstelodami. Apud Clement de longhe. A. 

1661." 

The following title is taken from Gabriel Marcel's Catalogue des documents 

geographiques . . . Paris, 1892, p. 14, no. 94: 

"Americae tabula nova multis locis tam ex terrestri perigrinatione quam 

recentiori uavigatione ab exploratissimis naucleris emendata et multo quam 

antea exactior edita. — (S. 1.) (s. d.) 1, 45 sur 1, 04. 

" (Meme genre de gravure que la carte de de Jonghe, avec cartouches contenant 

les plans de la partie de la Floride colonisi^e par les Franfais, le d^troit de 

Magellan, Cuba (dessinee sur le vif par Gerard de Veer en 1601) la Havane, 

Haiti Puertorico, Ste-Marguerite, Pernambuco, Ste-Marie et une petite vue 

de salines en exploitation qui est la reduction d'un cartouche de la carte de de 

Jonghe) Bill. nat. Cartes. Klaproth 560." 

17th cent. 

Americse tabula nova multis locis tam ex terrestri perigrinatione 
quam recentiori navigatione ab exploratissimis naucleris emendata 
et multo quam antea exactior edida. 145 x 104 cms. without name 
or date. Anonymous. 

It contains 10 small maps and views: in lower 1. h. corner Part 
of Florida settled hy the French. 20.2 x 16.7. (Reproduced from 
an earlier map) ; .Straits of Magelhan, Cuba (Drawn after nature 
by Gerard de Veer in 1601) Havana, Puerto Kico, Haiti, St. 
Marguerite, Pernambuco, St. Mary and a small view of the Salines 
working reduced from a cartouche of the map of Clemente de 
Jonghe. Paris. Bibl. nat. Cartes. Klaproth 560. 

No. 94 in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte de TAm^rique. 
Catalogue des Documents Geograpliiques exposfe ^ la . . . Bibho- 
theque Nationale. [By Gabiiel Marcel] Paris, 1892. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 103 

Shows Florida, Cal. as peninsula & mainland. Totonteac, 
Cevola, Quivira in extreme n. w. and Texas. lc 90 

Note. — A photographic reproduction of this map, in the original size, is in the 
Library of Congress collection. Xo date, maker, engraver, or place of publi- 
cation is given. The note attached to no. 94 in Marcel's Catalogue, above quoted 
is as follows: ■ 

"Meme genre de gravure que la carte de de Jonghe, avec cartouches contenant 
les plans de la parfie de la Floride colonis^e par les Franfais, le detroit de 
Magellan, Cuba (dessinee sur le \\i par Gerard de Veer en 1601) la Havane, 
Haiti Puertorico, Ste-Marguerite, Peruambuco, Ste-Marie et une petite vue 
de Salines en exploitation qui est la reduction d'un cartouche de la carte de 
de Jonghe." 

For a reproduction of the map by Clemendt de Jonghe, see title no. 89. 
Marcel is evidently in error in stating that Gerrit, or sometimes called Gerard, 
de Veer, is the author of the map of the strait of Magellan. Gerard de Veer is 
identified with the map of Xew Zealand and the Arctic regions. He has con- 
founded Gerard de Veer with Sebalt de Veer, known by the dutch as Weert or 
Wert. See an extensive notice of this voyage by Charles de Brosses, in his 
nistoire des navigations aux tares australes . . . Paris, 1756. v. 1, chapter 20, 
pp. 274-294. 

Armand Gaston Camus, Memoire sur la collection des grands et petits voyages, pp. 
118-122, describes this voyage of 1 598 and gives this bibliographical information : 
" Le voyage de Sebalt de Veer (qu'il ne faut pas confondre avec Gerard de Veer 
dout il sera fait mention ailleurs) est imprime a la suite de I'histoire d'Acosta. 
Je n"ai decouvert aucune autre Edition de ce voyage anterieiu'e a celle des infans 
de Th6odore de Bry. La relation du voyage n'a pas ete redigee par Sebalt de 
Veer, mais par un anonyme, qui declare I'avoir tiroe des joumaux du chirurgien 
Jansz et des autres chefs. Les heritiers de de Bry y ont joint des estampes 
qui sont les onze demieres de la collection rassemblee sous le titre d'Idaea vera, 
etc. Hs les appellent elegantissimas figuras: c'est leur ou\Tage qu'ils peuvent 
vanter; mais c'e^t rou\Tage d'eux seuls, et non celui du voyageur; ils ont 
fait les dessins d'apres ses recits, et leur imagination a toujours confondu les 
formes europeennes avec les formes sauvages. Les pinguLns de la vingt- 
cinquieme classe sont assez mal representes; ils ont quatre doigts aux pieds, 
ainsi que celui qui est sur la carte du detroit de Magellan, dont je parlerai tout-a- 
I'heure. Par consequent ces oiseaux appartiennent a I'espece que Buffon a 
nommee manchots, et non pas a celle a laquelle il a conserve le nom de pinguins 
strictement pris. Independamment de ces estampes, il y a a la tete de la 
relation une petite carte du detroit de Magellan, qui n'est pas dressee d'aprfes 
des observations astronomiques, mais qui place sous les yeux a peu prfes la posi- 
tion respective des Lieux dont il e?t parle dans la relation. 
" Sebalt de Veer etoit capitaine d'un batiment faisant partie d'une fiotille de 
cinq vaisseaux armes a Amsterdam, pour tenter une route aux Moluques par 
le detroit de Magellan. Le 20 juin 1598, la flottille quitta les cotes de 
Goer^e ..." 

The Library of Congress has this supplement containing a map in the Ist edition 
of the latin text of de Brj-, pt. 9, 1602. 

17th cent. 

Map of the eastern coast line of N. America, from the Gulf of 
St. La^vrence, and of the coasts of Central America and the northern 
part of S. America, \^^th the W. India Islands. Ms. 49 x 71 cms. 



104 • LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Map of the eastern coast line of N. America — Continued. 

In gold and colors on vellum, without name, date or title. Anon- 
ymous. 

Original in the Brit. Mus. Add. Ms. 31, 858. 

The Brit. Mus. Cat. continues after giving above title: Appar- 
ently a section of a larger map. Executed in the 17th cent, by an 
English hand, in imitation of an older style. . "Maryland," "Cor- 
ralina," "Virginia" are shown. The Florida Peninsula, Gulf of 
Mexico and legend "Terra Florida" extending entirely across head 
of Gulf, in which lies its only interest. 91 

Note. — Title in Catalogue of additions to the manuscripts in the British Museum 
in the years 1876-1881, J>. 237, no. 31, 858. 

17th cent. 

A map of the world showing the boundaries for Spain and Por- 
tugal in Portuguese. Without name, date or title. Anonymous. 

Original in the Brit. Mus. Add. Mss. 17,647.A. 

It is on too small a scale to be of any value. Quivira is shown 
as a great i-egion to the north north west of the Californian penin- 
sula. 92 

Note. — This map is mentioned in Catalogue of the manuscripts in the Spanish 
language in the British Museum by don Pascual dc Gayangos. v. '2, p. 314, "Add. 
17647, A, B, C. Paper rolls, xvii cent. Copies of three maps, . . ." of which 
this is A. 



1602? 



Nigual, 



Pintura que por mandado de Don Francisco Balverde de Mer- 
cado factor de S. M. hizo Nigual yndio natural de las provincias 
del Nuevo Mexico . . . Ms. 43 x 31 cms. Undated. 

Original in the Arch, de las Ind. Sevilla. Simancas. Descuhri- 
mientos. Nvevo Mexico. Descubrimientos, descripciones y pobla- 
ciones del Nucvo Mexico en Nueva Espaiia, 1568 a 1602. Patro- 
nato. Est. 1; Caj. 1; Leg. 3/22; Kamo 4. D. Pedro Torres 
Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo i. p. 45, no. 50. 
"Con autos sobre la conquista de Ntievo Mexico." 

This map is on fol. 172 of Ramo 4, an "Expediente of Vincente 
dc Caldivar Mendo^a ... en nombre de Don Joan de Onate 
. . . sobre que se le de cierto socorro que piede." It is a large 
volume containing many exliibits. The map is immediately pre- 
ceded by "Ynformacion q por comission del Virrcz conde de m'." 
Rey (Monterey) liizo de off" (officio) el factor Don fr''.° (Francisco) 
de Valverde sobre el nuevo descurimiento que el Go"."" Don. Juan 



THE LOWEKY COLLECTION 105 

de Ofiate liizo hacia la pte (parte) del norte mas adelante de las 
promi"!^ del nuevo rnex"." fol. 114. 

WL 93 

Note. — For references to Ofiate see title 87. 

See also the note to pages 118-119, for documents on Onate's conquest, in Ban- 
croft's History of Arizona and New Mexico. 

This Vincente de Caldivar Mendofa is Vincente de Zaldivar who married a 
daughter of Juan Ofiate. See statements as to his Relacion, pp. Ill, 117-118, 
129, 137-145, 151-152, 157 in the above work. 

Bancroft states that "the Expedienle of papers presented by him, related 
wholly to past achievements, and has been one of our main authorities for the 
two preceding chapters," p. 151, Arizona and New Mexico. 



Matal, Jean, 1520 ?-1597. 

Florida et Apalche. 24.5x18.5 cms. Unsigned, undated. 

In liis Speculum orbis terras, seu tabulis, geograficas totius orbis, 
cum historica narratione, ab ipseo autore inchoatas, quo moriente 
ab alio quodam perfectae & editse sunt. Pub. in 4 vols. Cologne, 
1600-1602. 

Full name is Joannes Matalius Metellus, Sequanus. He is 
indexed under Jean Matal in the Brit. Mus.Cat. But the Mus. has 
no book of his containing this chart. wl 94 

Note. — This map is copied from the one in Wytfliet's Descriptionis Ptolemaicx 
avgmentvm, first in 1597 and in other editions. Consult Phillips' List of Geo- 
graphical Atlases, titles 1140-114-3. 

A notice of Matal is found in Biographic universelle. Paris, L. G. Michavd, 1820, 
V. 27, p. 4.S5-4-S6. 

In reference to the above work is the following: 

"Speculum orbis terrse, Cologne, 1600-1602, 4 part, in-fol. Get ouvrage est orn^ 
du portrait de I'auteur et de cartes gravies sur bois; il est tres rare. On en 
doit la publication ^ un des amis de Matal, qu'il avait institu6 son ex^cuteur 
testamentaire." 

This map is found in one of the parts of the above work and is entitled America 
sive Novus Orbis . . . Colonise Agri.ppinx, excudebat Stephanus Eemmerden 
typographus, anno h parlu Virgineo mdc, between signatures G and H. Con- 
sult copy in Harvard university library. See also notice of Matal in Jocher 
Gelehrten lexicon, forsetzung 4e erganzungen, v. 4, col. 1550. 
In Ernst Gabriel Woltersdorf, Repertorium der land- und seeharten . . . 
Wien, 1813, p. 83, under date 1600, is the following bibliographical account of 
this work: 

" Joh. Natalii Metelli Speculum orbis terrae, seu Tabb. geogr. totius orbis cum 
hist, narratione ab autore inchoatae 4 T. kl. F. T. I. Europa tabb. aeneis 166 
secundum rationes geogr. delin. Col. Agripp. exc. Jo. Christophori auf \ und \ 
bogen. 

" Der text ist auf der riickseite gedrucU T. ii Afr. ad artis geogr. regulas tabb. etc. 
8 bl. T. in Asia etc. 12 b. T. iv Am. s. novi orbis tabb. 20 bl. Freytag Analecta 
Uteraria p. 596. P . Burmanmnajor ad syllog . Epistolar . T.l.p.SS. Ausgabe: 
1602. UrsellisF." 



106 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1602 

Carta de los reconocimientos hechos en 1G02, por el Capitan 
Sebastian Vizcayno formada por los pianos que hizo el mismo 
durante su comision. 35.5 x 35.5 cms. In D. Alcala Galiano. 
Relacion del viage en el ano de 1792. Madrid, 1802. Cartas 
no. 4. LC 95 

Note. — Dionisio Alcald Galiano is not the author, as supposed by some 

bibliographers. The following is a description of the work and atlas from 

which this map is taken, found in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 

1221. This map is no. 4 in the atlas to the work entitled: 

Espinosa y Tello, Jos6. Relacion del viage hecho por las golelas Sutil y Mexicana 

en el ano de 1792: para reconocer el estrecho de Fuca . . . Atlas. 2 p. I., 9 maps, 

8 pi. fol. Madrid, imprenta real, 1802. 

Atlas has title.- Atlas para el viage de las goletas Sutil y Meonaina al reconod- 

miento del estrecho de Juan de Fuca en 1792, publicado en 1S02. 

"Vocabulario del idioma de los habitantes de Nutka," pp. 178-184 of text. 

Contents. 

no. 1-2. Carta esfurica de los reconocimientos hechos en la costa n. o. de America 
en 1791 y 92 . . . 
" 3. Continuacion de los reconocimientos hechos en la costa n. o. de Ame- 
rica . . . 
" 4. Carta de los reconocimientos hechos en 1602. Por el capitan Sebas- 
tian Vizcayno . . . 
" 5. Piano del puerto de S. Diego en la costa setent! de Califoru'. Le- 
vantado por el 2.* piloto de la armada d. Juan Pantoja . . . 1782. 
" 6. Piano del puerto y bahia de Monte Rey . . . 1791. 
" 7. Piano de la cala de los Amigos . . . 1791. 
" 8. Piano del puerto de Mulgrave . . . 1791. 
" 9. Piano del puerto del Desengano . . . 1791. 
" 10. Fiesta celebrada en Nutka por su xefe Macuina d causa de haber 

dado su hij'a indicios de entrar en la pubertad. 
" 11. Vista de lo interior de la cala de los Amigos en la entrada de Nutka. 
" 12. Macuina, xefe de Nutka. 

" [13] Tetacu, xefe de la entrada del estrecho de Juan de Fuca. 
" [14] Maria, muger de Tetacu. 
" [15] Oratorio del fays de Nutka. 
" [16] Plancha de Madera hallada en el canal & que por 6sta raz6n se di6 el 

nombre de canal de la Tabla. 
" 17. El peje que bimos semejava & estos aun que no devisamos si tenia 

escama 6 no, que parescia la color de tonina: . . . 
The following notice of Vizcayno by James Carson Brevoort, is found in The 
magazine of american history. Edited by John Austin Stevens. Feb. 1877, v. 1, 
pp. 124-125: 

' ' Sebastian Vizcaino's voyage along the Pacific coast of North America in 1602. — 
Sebastian Vizcaino explored and surveyed the Pacific coast of North America 
from Cape San Lucas to Cape Mendocino in 1602, Cabrillo having first sailed 
along the same in 1539 (?) He prepared Reports and a map, notarial copies of 
which were made in Mexico, Dec. 8th, 1603, and are now to be found in the 
Archive General de Indias de Sevilla. These were utilized, and a reduced 
copy of the original map on 36 sheets, published, by don M. F. de Navarrete in 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 107 

his Atlas and Introduccion tx> the voyage of the Sutil y llexicana, Madrid, 1802, 
a work of much interest to American geographers. The prefatory matter by 
Navarrete is a complete history of discovery along this coast. (See Greenhow, 
Memoir on the N. W. Coast of N. A., 1840, p. 131) 

"The MS in Mexico seems to have disappeared. Torquemada, Monarchia 
Indiana, Madrid, 1723, and ^'enegas, 1757, print a Relacion of the voyage, 
which, according to Navarrete, p. Ixi, is the derrotero of the pilots only. Venegas 
had a careful search made in the Secretaria del Consejo Supremo de las Indias, 
but could not find the full narrative and map. An abridged narrative, from 
Lorenzana, is given in the Boletin of the Mexican geographical society, 
torn, v., 1857. 

" Bumey copies the map given by Navarrete in his South sea voyages, vol. ii., 
1806. The mss in Se\alle, according to Navarrete, consist, i. of a vol. in fol. 
of 114 leaves, containing the resolutions and declarations of the juntas y consejos 
de mar y guerra, held by Vizcaino during the voyage, ii, a Relacion 6 diario, 
in full detail of the voyage. lu, the derrotero or log-book of whole voyage made 
in 1G02, by the cosmographo mayor Geronimo Martin Palacios, with the acuerdo or 
approval of five pilots, and in the presence of the P. Fr. Antonio de la Ascension. 
IV, thirty- two demonslraciones or maps of all coast reconnoitred, its ports 
bays, &c., made pursuant to an order of the Viceroy by Enrico Martinez, 
cosmdgrapho de S. J/, in New-Spain Navarrete copied all these and other docu- 
ments relatmg to the same undertaking, which copy is probably now in the 
Library of the Academy of History in Madrid. Navarrete defines the exact 
location of the papers he copied as being in legajo 4 of the papers collected from 
the house of the Secretary, Juan de Ciriza. 

' ' The Relacion made by the Padre Fray Antonio de la Ascension, a Carmelite, 
who accompanied the Expedition as Cosmographer, is given from a mss vol. 
in the Biblioteca Nacional, J. 89, in the Documentos Ineditos, America y Oceania, 
Vol. vm., 1867, pp. 539-574. Vizcaino's expedition of 1611, to Japan, in 
which the Fray again accompanied him, is in the same volume, copied from 
the same Ms collection as the first. 

"With all this published information, with the Map by Vizcaino reproduced by 
Navarrete and Bumey, we find in the Proceedings of the Am. Antiq. Soc. for 
October 1873, that the Recording secretary, Mr. John D. Washburn and Mr. 
John T. Doyle of San Francisco, consider Vizcaino's Reports as unfindable. 
The Fray Ascension, Doc. Ined. Supra, p. 555, calls Monterey a/amoso puerto, 
in 37 degrees, and adds that the vessels from the Philippines to New-Spain 
made land there. P. 558, he says, we recognized, on our way to Cape Mendo- 
cino, the Port of San Francisco, where in past times a ves.sel from China, that 
came with orders to explore this coast, was lost, and I believe that at the 
present time much wax and pottery (losaza) is there, which the vessel carried. 
The first successful return voyage from the Philippines to New-Spain, after 
several failures, was accomplished by Andres de I'rdaneta in 1566. However, 
we shall speak of this na\igator, who in 1552 became an Augustine brother, in 
another note." 

In United States. House of representatives. Report no. 101, 25th congress, 
3d session, Jan. 4, 1839, appendix D, pp. 37-41, is an account of the " Voyage 
of Vizcaino and Aguilar. From Torquemada, Monarq. Ind., Lib. V." 
Consult also U. S. coast and geodetic survey. Report, 1884- Washington, 1885. 
pp. 559-562. 

For a notice of Jos6 Espinosa y Tello, 1763-1815, see Navarrete's Biblioteca 
maritima espanola . . . v. 2, pp. 60-66. See also the following: 
Navarrete, Martin Ferdinand de. Don Joseph de Espinosa. 



108 LIBRAE Y OF CONGKESS 

[In Zach, Franz Xaver, freiherr von. Correspondanre ustronomique . . . 8°, 

GSnes, L. Camiglia, 18U, v. 13, pp. 27-^278] 

Zach, Franz Xaver, freiherr von. Relacion del viage hecho por las goletas Sutil 

y Mexicana en el ano del 1792. [Revieio] 

[In his CoTTespondanre aslronomique . . . 8° . Gines, L. Camiglia, 1825. v. 12, 

pp. 157-174] 

Also pp. 163-165 for an analysis and review of the atlas of maps. 

Consult also titles 96 and 705. 

1603 
Martinez, Enrico, d. 1632. 

Treinta y dos mapas 6 croquis de la costa y puertos descubiertos 
por Sebastian Vizcaino desde el Puerto de Naividad hasta el Cabo 
Mendocino. Ms. Unsigned, undated & without title, each 27 x 30 
cms. Colors. Original in the Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. 
Viage y derrotero de las naos que fueron al descubrimiento del 
puerto de Acapulco a cargo del Grfil Sebastian Vizcaino. Est. 
60;Caj. 4;Leg. 37. 

Executed by Enrico Martinez. "Cosmografo de S. M. en Nueva 
Espana, del libro original del descubrimiento del cabo Mendocino, 
de orden del Virrey." Mexico 19 Nov. 1603. Each map is accom- 
panied by a brief description of the ports, neighboring country, 
rivers, natives &c. 

The maps accompany the "Relac? del idage y derrotero de las 
naos que fueron al descubrim'." del puerto de Acap°? a cargo del 
Oral Sebastian Bezcaino." 

There is a copy of these maps and derrotero in the Acad, de la 
Hist. Madrid. Col. Munoz Tomo 34, fols. 139-190, with a note on 
fol. 191 by Munoz from which it appears that he obtained his copy 
from a ms. copy of Fr. Antonio de la Ascension in Colegio Mayor 
de Cuenca of Salamanca. There is another copy of the maps and 
derrotero in the Direccion de Hidrografia, Madrid, Col. Navarrete, 
Tomo 19, no. 9. 

The maps very much reduced and without tlie descriptive 
legends have been published in eleven plates in "Documentos 
referentes al Reconocimiento de las Costas de las Califomias desde 
el Cabo de San Lucas al de Mendocino. Recopilados en el archivo 
de Indias," by D. Francisco Carrasco y Guisaloa. Madrid, Direc- 
cion de Hidrografia, 1882. 96 

Note. — The map above referred to in title no. 95, from "C. iS. Lucas" to "C. 

Mendocino" is probably compiled from the above collection. 

The following is the border manuscriiJt note to the reproduction in the KoJd 

Collection, no. 283: 

"This is a copy of a map contained in the Atlas to the reports on the expedition 

of the Spanish vessels Sulil and Mexicana, published in Madrid 1802. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 109 

"The chart represents the discoveries along the Coast of California made in the 
year 1602 by Seb. Vizcayno, the Coasts as they were represented by him, and 
the names which he gave to the localities. 

" Vizcayno's voyage was one of the most important voyages of the Spaniards in 
these regions. He was the first, who reached Cape Mendocino, and gave to it its 
name. From him are also the names of the ports of Monte Eey, of S. Diego, and 
many other Californian names. 

' ' The surveys of the Coast, which he brought home seem to have been very 
extensive. They consisted of 32 plans, and were deposited in the Spanish 
archives, where they remained concealed, without apparently being much used 
by historians and geographers, until the beginning of this century. At last the 
officers of the named vessels Sutil and Mexicana, when they composed their 
Atlas, discovered those old charts copied and reduced them in the manner in which 
they are presented here. 

" ThLs all appears from a note, which the said officers added to the title of the 
map in the^ntroductory explication of their Atlas. 
"Title and note run thus: 

" 'Carta plana de los reconocimientos hechos por el Capitan Sebastian Vizcaino.' 
"'Esta carta, aunque reducida, es una copia fiel sacada de 32 pianos, que 
acompanan el viage original de aguel celebre na\'igant€.' 
" (Plain Chart of the surveys, made by the Captain Sebastian Vizcaino) 
" (This chart, though reduced is a faithful copy, taken from 32 plans, which 
accompany the reports on the voyage of that celebrated navigator) 
"Unhappily no degrees whatever are added to the chart. 
" If this map would have been made known at once in 1602, many errors, com- 
mitted on later maps and many erroneous suppositions of the geographers about 
the nature of California would have been spared." 

In the notice of Martinez in Diccionario enciclopedico hispano-americano , v. 12, 
page 307, is this description of an atlas which is evidently the same: 
"A Martinez ee debfo igualmente un Atlas de los dcscubrimientos hechos en la 
costa de California, formado de ordcn del conde de Monterrey. Consta de 33 hojas; 
estd fechado en Mejico A 19 de Xoviembre de 1603, y de el existen copias en 
Madrid en la Real Academia de la Historia." 

A copy of the above mentioned work by Francisco Carrasco y Guisaloa, which 
consists of documents relating to the expeditions of Sebastian Vizcayno in 
1596-1597 and 1602-1603, is in the Library of Congress, from the bequest of 
Woodbury Lowery, but does not contain the eleven plates. 

1604 
PeccioU, Matteo Nerone. 

America sive orbis nova descriptio. Florentise, per Matthaeum 
Xeronium Pecciolen, cosmogr. A. D. 1604. 24.4 x 2.5.2 cms 
Ms. in color. Original in Paris, Bibl. nat. Cartes. Rouleau 6 

No 60 in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte de I'Amerique 
Catalogue des Docvunents Geographiques exposes a la . . 
Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, 1892. An interesting map but 
without much detail. It shows Florida, Cal. as a peninsula & 
Alta Cal. as part of continent, Cevola & to the west of it Totonteac 
& to the west of that the Kingdom of Quivira bordering on the 
Cal. coast. Not worth copying. lc 97 

Note. — Marcel in Quatrihne centenaire de la decouverte de I'Amerique. Catalogue 
des documents geographiques . . . p. 9, no. 60, states: 



110 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Peccioli, Matteo Nerone — Continued. 

"De ce eartographe, n4 a Peccioli prfes de Pise, je ne connais aucune autre 
cpuvre, et c'est la premiere fois que je rencontre son nom." 
A reproduction of the part relating to California is found in a work in the 
Library of Congress by Philippe Buache, entitled: Considerations geographiques 
et physiques sur les nouvelles decouvertes au nord de la grande mer . . . Paris, 
1753. He gives these statements relating to the map and author in page 72 
and note, of the above work: 

"Une grande & magnifique Carte Espagnole manuscrite de toute I'Amerique 
qui H6 faite en 1G04, & qui est &, la Bibliothfeque du Roi (oil Ton croit quelle 
a H6 transport^ du Chateau de Fontainebleau*) nous represente la Califomie 
avec un petit Isthme au 30 degre de Latitude ... * Ella a 7 pieds 10 
pouces environ de hauteur, & autant de largeur. Elle a 6t6 faite avec tout le 
soin possible, & la couleur d'Orbruni, ain.si que I'Or verd pour les Montagnes 
n'y sent pas ^pargn^s. II y est marqu6 qu'elle a ^te dress^e k Florence en 
1C04 per Matheum Neronium Pecciolen Cosmograph, qui ^'en juger par les 
Echelles des degr(5.s & son travail, devoit etre un habile Math^maticien. Je 
serois port6 h croire que cette Carte a 6t6 envoy^e au Roi Henri IV par la Cour 
de Toscane." 

A reproduction of the part relating to California is no. 5, of the collection by 
Didier Robert de Vaugondy known as: Reaieil de 10 cartes . . . traitant 
pari icuU?rcment de V Amerique du Nord et des regions arctiques, d'apris les rela- 
tions les plus authentiques depuis le commencement du 17' siecle, reproduites . . . 
Livourne, 1779. 

This atlas was designed to accompany articles on America, Asia and the 
Arctic regions in Diderot's Encyclopaedie . . . 1770-1779. The same maps 
are in the "Supplement," 1779, v. 5, pp. 179-198. Consult Phillips's List of 
Geographical Atlases, title no. 1195. 

1605 
Mexia, Albaro. 

Derrotero iitil y provechoso y en todo verdadero de Rios, canos, 
lagunas, montes, poblaciones, envarcaderos, baraderos, ranche- 
rlas, el qual reza desde la ciudad de San Agustin hasta la varra 
de Aiz por Albaro Mexia. 170 x 15 cms. Undated. 

Original in the Arch. Gen. de Ind. Sevilla. Sintancas. La 
Florida. Descubrimientos, descripciones y poblaciones de la 
Florida. Est. 1 ; Caj. 1; Leg. 1/19. Patronato. 

D. Pedro Torres Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 
I. p. 17. no. 2. It is endorsed: Vino con carta de Pedro de Ibarra 
Gobernador de la Florida a 26 de Diciembre 1605. The relation 
accompanying the map is in the same legajo as the map. Ramo 29. 

WL 98 

Note. — A. tracing of this according to the original size is also found in the 
collection of the Library of Congress. 

A copy of the letter referred to, by Pedro de Ibarra, in the original and english 
translation, is in the Manuscript Division, of the Library of Congress, also con- 
taining Mexia's "Detcrro" in v. 5, Lowery's manuscript collections relating to 
Florida, 1603-1607. 



THE LOWERV COLLECTION 111 

The following ia a copy of the translation of the letter, accompanying the 
sketch, iu which reference is made to Mexia. Although full of grammatical 
errors, it is of interest. 
"Sir, 

" I wrote to Y. M., under date the 10th of May of the present year, by the hands 
of Ensign Juan Rodriguez de Cartaya, and I am now in receipt of Y. M. replies 
to my letters, of which Captain Alonzo do Pastrana was bearer. I have taken 
due note of Y.M's orders gi'anting favors to myself and to the soldiers of tliis 
post. But among all these good news, there is one thing which has gladdened 
the heart of everyone here. That is, the news which (Y. M.) convey to me that 
Our Lord has been good enough to bless Y. M. vrith. a crown Prince, and heir to 
eliristianity; and that he was in perfect health, and that his coming into this 
world had been solenmized by the clergy and people with festivals and reli- 
gious services and public thanks to God. This glorious news has also been cele- 
brated here, with all the possible Solemnity, in which we all heartily partici- 
pated as loyal subjects. May Y. M. live for many years and the Crown Prince 
also, in order that as he grows in age he i&ay take example of his royal father 
and learn from him the zeal and care with which he protects Christianity and 
his grand government. 

" In my letter to Y. M. by the hands of the Said Ensign I already mentioned to 
you how I had spent over one year in endeavoring to bring the natives of this 
coast to obedience. How the Little Captain of Ais together with other Caciques 
had voluntarily come to see me, and of the hopes he had given me that the Big 
Captain, who is the General, whom all the Indians of this coast obey, would 
also come to see me. The Little Captain and the other Caciques left here so 
well pleased with the treatment they had received from me at my own house, 
that due to that, there also came the Big Captain to fulfil his promise, together 
with other Caciques, among whom the one from Sarruque who was the one that 
felt most grieved at the treatment they had received here formerly. He having 
been kept a prisoner for six years. 

"After having assured me that they would go to work and become good vassals 
of Y. M., I tried to persuade them to become Christians, and to that effect I 
took them to this Convent of San Francisco, where the Rev. Fathers explained 
everything to them. They agreed with me that they would send the Little 
Captain, being the most practical, to learn first, all matters of Faith, and that 
afterwards they could learn them from him. To this effect, the Little Captain 
remained with us, while the others left for their homes. He remained here 
during forty days, learning all matters relating to God. Since then the Caciques 
go and come as they please, and our Soldiers do the same, by sea as well as by 
land, with the greatest Security. 

" I had a house built for them where they all live together, and when the time 
comes for the crops to be gathered I will send them to their lands. I sent 
among them a soldier by the name of Alvar Mexia, who is the first soldier that 
was ever made a Cacique by tTicm. He teaches them and with his good man- 
ners towards them has gained their good will. 

' ' I send herein enclosed a Statement of the journey of this soldier, showing every 
place he touched at both going and returning. lie went as far as Ais. I also send 
to Y. M. a statement of everything that has transpired since the beginning of 
this enterprise and the results I have obtained from it. 

"The clergymen that you had ordered to come here to assist in the conversion 
of the natives, ha\-ing sailed from Havana on board a Frigate, boimd for this 
port, went ashore on a storm, on the coast, about a hundred leagues from this 
place, and in the vicinity of Tacumbe, where they saw themselves in great 



112 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Mexia, Albaro — Continued. 

danger of losing their lives. But the Indians went to them and learning that 
they were my friends, gave them all the assistance they could and pro\'ided 
them with fish, water and wood and helped them to float the Frigate again, 
which they succeeded in doing after having lightened her of the cargo she had 
on board. After having floated the vessel and replaced the cargo on board, 
the Indians turned over the vessel back to the crew, without having taken the 
least thing. Continuing their voyage towards this port, they sto])ped at and 
entered into the bar of Mosquitos, where the Indians took charge of the clergy- 
men and took them to their town, and after having provided for them the best 
they could, they escorted them all the way to this place, by land, where they 
arrived all well. Two years ago, at any of the places where these Clergymen 
now touched, they would have been eaten alive by these Indians. The truth 
of these facts are made patent by the depositions of the Pilots who came with 
the said clergymen. 

"I beg of Y. M. to confer sonie grace upon this soldier who was the first one to 
risk his life, in order to save many others, and I beg to assure you that said 
favor is well merited. 

"While waiting for the men, whom Y. M. has promised to send me for my expe- 
dition of discovery into the interior of this country, I thought I would try and 
ascertain something about that land and coast, and to that effect I sent Captain 
Francisco Fernandez with a body of Infantry, with instructions to reconoitre 
the ports and bars and to penetrate inland and obtain all the information he 
could in regard to that country, so that as soon as the expected re-enforcements 
should arrive, I might start at once, with some knowledge of that country. 
The said Captain went and returned. He brought with him two Frenchmen, 
whom he had found lost among the Indians. He also brought with him two 
Indians; one of whom is quite a prominent person, being the chief of all those 
lands. As the said Captain had taken a Pilot with him they reconoitred all 
the ports and bars taking soundings of the same, as well as their latitudes and 
land marks, as far as cape San Roman, which is over a himdred leagues distant 
from here. 

"The different latitudes of the said bars you will notice by the enclosed sketch 
of the same. You will please have Don Luis Fernandez de Cordova informed 
of this Sketch, as he was the one, from Y. M 's court, who asked me to endeavor 
to discover these ports and bars in order to lessen the danger that ships run in 
crossing the channel of Bahama. Among the ports marked on this sketch there 
are some of a sufficient depth of water for any Fleet to go in with perfect safety. 
And if unfortunately a vessel should be thrown upon that coast I trust in God 
that no lives nor treasure would be lost, as it has happened to the present day. 
The good success that God granted me in those affairs with the French and the 
English in the month of March last, has helped me very much. It will be 
necessary to continue guarding these coasts, and penetrate as soon as practi- 
cable into that new country. To do this I need soldiers. I ask for three hun- 
dred men exclusive of Friars, clergymen, marines and widows. Y. M. has 
only about one hundred men here now, capable of bearing arms. It will 
be necessary that together with the force that is to come, there may also come 
some miners and lapidaries, with their tools and instruments. 
"And if this expedition cannot be carried out, then I will tell you what this 
province needs in order to save many ducats. 

"To the Captain who defeated the enemies, and who has just returned from 
rcconoitoring and exploring these coasts and who has rendered forty years of 
faithful service to Y. M., I beg of you, as a recompense for the same that you 
grant him some favor. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 113 

"Some time ago I reported to Y. M. haWng finished the palisade of this Fort;, 
and I now beg to add that I have opened and widened the ditches surrounding 
the same; so that it now deserves the name of Fort. To accomplish this, I have 
been assisted by the Indians of the friendly pro\ince3 who readily responded 
to my demands. And even from other proWnces the Indians came stimulated 
by the report of the kindly treatment they received from my hands. After the 
work had been completed they have all returned to their towns, I ha\-ing pre- 
viously given to them some presents in the name and for account of Y. M. 
"And so, thank God, I have all these prox-inces in perfect peace and quietness. 
"After these festivals are over, I shall distribute the clergymen recently arrived, 
among the various chapels of this proxince. Three of the clergymen that you 
had sent here, remained in Havana; one being left sick while the other two 
deserted. I also have another clergj-man who ha\-ing fallen from grace with 
the Vice Roy of New Spain, came here. His name is Fray Geronimo Selaya, an 
Aragones preacher; a native of Daroca. It would be better for the other clcrgj-- 
men not to come, as we now have sufficient. There is another good old priest 
here, whose name is Fray Pedro Berenejo, who had been in charge of the Supe- 
rior's residence during the absence of that Prelate who went to Spain. The said 
Aragones preacher apparently has turned the mind of the good old father, so 
much so that for the past six months they have given me more to do than all 
the rest of the matters of these pro\inces together. Under separate cover I 
send to Y. M. a full account of this trouble. 

"Owing to the destruction by fire of the Church and residence of the Friars of 
San Francisco they were compelled to live during eight days in the Hermitage of 
Our Lady of la Soledad. From which place, the Governor Gonzalo ilendez 
had the Hospital which was adjoining the Hermitage removed. He built 
another one, in such an unhealthy locality and so very small, that out of every 
six soldiers that entered it to get cured, three would die, and the other three 
would never convalesce. 

"As I have now built another good Church and house for those good Fathers, I 
have had the Hospital moved back to the place next to the Hermitage, and by 
private contributions I have enlarged it and almost made it new over again. 
So that, now, the sick soldiers and slaves find more relief and comfort and 
recover much more easily — besides it is not in danger of being destroyed by 
fire as it was before. 

" I intend to send to Havana for one of the Brothers of the Hospital 'Juan de 
Dios," so that I may save the 6er\-ices of a soldier who has to be there. This 
I did at the suggestion of the Council and because it was necessary. The pal- 
metto house which formerly was used as a Hospital, I ordered to be turned 
over to Captain Juan Garcia, who is the legal representative of Gonzalo Mendez, 
the ex Governor. — All these matters are on record, as they appear in the docu- 
ments which were drawn at the time. 

" I have a communication from Y. il., dated at Guniel, the 4th. of September 
of the year 1604, in which you order me to put a stop as quick as possible to the 
habit of excessive gambling, as you had been informed that this evil was quite 
extensively indulged between the soldiers and the town people, and at the 
same time prohibiting any games from being played at my own house. In 
answer to this matter, I will say to Y. il. , that I am not aware of what my pred- 
ecessors used to do before my coming here. But I can assure you that since 
I assumed command here, no gambling has been tolerated and the report sent 
to you that such a thing was being permitted by me is false and damaging. 
Notwithstanding that I have been a soldier all my life I despise gambling, and 
outside of the Christmas holy days, no games of any kind have been played at 
85241°— 12 8 



114 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Mexia, Albaro — Continued. 

my house. And even during those days it was so limited, that the loss to any- 
one in bad luck could exceed one hundred "reales." And during my illness 
that lasted me about three months, the Royal Officers of Y. M. and some private 
individuals used to come and play cards at my house but not for the piu-pose 
of betting any money, but simply to divert and amuse me. This happened 
only four or five times, and principally because I was not in a condition to be 
able to read, which is my favorite exercise when I can spare the time. 
" Nor is there any gambling going on in private residences nor will I ever permit 
it, except it be some times at the Guard House. 

"The truth of this assertion can be verified at any time that you may desire an 
investigation to be made. The games sometimes indulged and permitted at 
the Guard House are so trivial, maravedices {\ of a cent) being only used, that 
really it is merely a pastime diversion. However if even these limited games, 
should not meet with your Majesty's approval, I shall do as I may be com- 
manded. But if Y. M. decides that games be only indulged at the Guard 
House, then you can order that only one soldier be allowed the privilege of 
selling play cards, and as it is so seldom that games are played, he will have 
a, hard time to get the money back. And if it is your desire that no more cards 
be played at my own house, even on Christmas eve, or when I may be ill, I 
shall comply with your decision. 

" I have informed the Bishop of Cuba of the necessity that this province hasof a 
proper Prelate, even if it be only for a few days, not only to be able to admin- 
ister the sacrament of confirmation, which has not been administered here for 
forty years, but also to settle and arrange some ecclesiastical matters here which 
require prompt attention. The Bishop has signified his willingness to come, 
and for that reason I have sent to that city one of the Frigates of Y. M.'s service. , 
That vessel will bnng at the same time some beef. 

' ' From time to time I have a few Cows brought here with the object of tr>-ing to 
raise some stock in these provinces which heretofore it has been found impossi- 
ble to do. The few Cows that I now have promise well. 

"There is another matter to which I give much of my attention, and that is to 
be able to make lumber Shingles, with which to cover the roofs of the houses. 
So that whosoever may be appointed as my successor to the command of these 
provinces, may see with what care I have attended to all things. '\Miich I 
hope and beg of Y. M. to bear in mind, so that in the event of my removal I 
may be ordered to serve Y. M. elsewhere. 

" San Augustin de la Florida, the 26th day of December of the year 11505. Pedro 
de Ybarra, Governor." 

There are several letters by Ibarra published in A. M. Brooks' The wmritten 
history of old St. Augustine . . . pp. 72-77. 



Wytfliet, Corneiile. 

Granata Nova et California. 23 x 28 cms. Unsigned, undated. 

In his Histoire Universelle des Indies . . . Douay, IGOo. bet. 

pp. 112-113. LC 99 

Note. — This map was originally published between pp. 106-167 of Wytfliet's 

Descriptionis Ptolemaicse avgmentvm . . . Lovanii, 1697. 

This map gives Lower California as a peninsula. 

Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases for descriptions of the various 

editions of Wytfliet. 



THE LOWEEY COLLECTION 115 

For biblioijraphical references to Wytfliet consult title 83. 

A reprint of this map is in Matal's Speculum orbis terras, for reference tc which 

consult title no. !>4. 

1606 

Mercator, Gterard, 1512-1594. 

Virginia? item et Florida; America ProTinciarum, nova Descrip- 
tio. English text on reverse. Unsigned, undated. Colored out- 
outline, 2 cart. 2 vignettes. 48 x 34 cms. In Gerardi Mercatoris. 
Atlas sive cosmographicje meditationes de fabrica mimdi et fabri- 
cati figura . . . auctus ac illustratus a ludoco Hondio . . . 
aditse . . . descriptiones novre, studio et opera Pet. Montani. 
Dispensis Comelii Xicolai. Amsterdami, 1606. bet. pp. 347 and 
348. 

The plate here is xmcolored. This is the 1st ed. of Gerard 
Mercator's Atlas. 

The legend appears to refer to Rene de Laudonniere's Histoire 
Notable, Paris, 15S6, and pubUshed in English in 1587 by Hakluyt. 
Ribaut's ''True and last discovery" pub. in English in 1563 does 
not give sufficient details for the making of the map. 

It is largely influenced by Le Moyne's Map of 1591 for that part of 
the territory settled by the French in 1562-1564. The Apalachie 
Mountains; the lake with the gushing spring; the lake with the 
tmseen shores, lake Sarrope, the River of May, &c. 

Mercator's influence is strongly exhibited in: Hondiiis, 1633, 
who reprints it with the same title and apparently from the same 
plates; Jan Jansson, Virguiiae Partis australis et Floridae partis 
orientalis, nova descriptio 1642, and the various reprints from the 
Jansson plate (which see); Marc Lescarbot, Figure et descrip- 
tion de la terre reconnue et habitee par les Francois en la Flo- 
ride ... of 1611; Jean de Laet, Floridae et Regiones Vicinae, 
1640; Sanson, Le Xouveau Mexique et la Floride, 1656; P. Du-Val, 
La Floride Fran^oise, 1665; John Speed, A new description 
of Carolina 1676; Pierre vander Aa's various maps &c.; De I'lsle, 
Carte du Mexique et de la Floride, 1703; his I'Amerique Septen- 
trionale of 1705, 1708 & 1710; Leth, Carte de la Xouvelle France 
1710 (?); Gueudeville, Carte contenant le Royaume du Mexique 
et la Floride, 1719; De Fer. Partie Meridionale dc la Riviere Mis- 
sisipi, 1718. WL 100 

Note. — For bibliograjihii al iPieriin fj !'■ Moif at'i- and his works see title no. 
55. Phillips, in his, Li I -/ 6- o;/' "'/"'' ^'"^ Ailayfy. title 422, describes the Li- 
brary of Congress copy of KiO" of Mercat^ jrs athis and gives a list of editions in 
the Librarj- and those not in the Library. AMiile this title gives a description of 
the Urst impression of this map, the copy in the collection, however, is taken 
from the english edition of 1636 described in Phillips' LUt of Geographical 
Atlases, title 449. 

The Virginia portion of this map is largely influenced by the map of John With 
or White. See title 71. 



116 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Medina, Pedro de, 1493-1567. 
Florida. 26.3 x 15 cms. 

In his Arte del Navigare . . . Nella quale copiosamente si 
tratta tutto quelle, die appartiene alia Xauigatione, e sua cogni- 
tione ... 4°. Venetia, Tomasi Baglioni, 1609. 
Not in the Brit. Mus., Oct., 1903 i.c lOl 

Note. — Consult the life of Medina in Navarrete's Biblioteca maritima espafiola, 
V. 2, -pp. 581-585. This edition is described in page 583. For references to 
Medina's map entitled Nvevo Hondo, see title 45a. Consult the following 
references to this work and map in Nordenskiold'a Facsimile-atlas, pp. 50 
and 111. ■ 

"A map in the Arte de navegar by Pedro Medina 1st edition, printed in Spain 
1545 and afterwards often translated and reprinted (according to Brunet and 
Carter Brown: Lyons 1553, 1569, and 1576; Rouen 1573; Venice 1554 and 1555; 
Germany 1576; London 1581) I have had access to the edition Venetia 1554, 
where the map is printed in fol. xxxiii. Notwithstanding its small size, this 
map is remarkable for its correct delineation of the Isthmus of Panama, for the 
insertion of the famous papal line of demarcation between the ultramarine pos- 
sessions of Spain and Portugal and, finally, on account of its original being 
one of the few maps priuted in the Pyrenean peninsula before A. D. 1570. 
Only three small Spanish maps of that period are known to me, viz., the map 
of Petrus Martyr, Se\'ille 1511 (N. fig. 38) the map of Medina in the Arte de 
Navegar and a very rude map of Spain by Medina in Libra de grandezas y cosas 
memorables de Espofia, Seville 1549; Alcala de Henares 1548-1566 and 1595. 
This work also contains the above mentioned chart in Arte de Navegar. With 
the exception of some copies of medieval maps, which I suppose to exist in Span- 
ish editions of classical authors, this seems to be almost the whole contribu- 
tion during the earliest period of printed cartographical literature from the 
countries, from which the New World and the southeast passage to India were 
discovered, and from which hundreds of the most important voyages of dis- 
covery started during that period. Fig. 75 I give a facsimile of Medina's 
original map. It is far inferior to the copy published in Venice and also, I 
suppose to the copies published in France." (p. 50) 

"A map in Pedro de Medina's Arte de Navegar, Sevilla 1545, afterwards trans- 
lated into French by Nicolas de Nicolay 1554, into Italian by Fra Vicenze 
Paletino da Corsula 15.54 (15.55) into German by Michael Coignet 1576, and 
into English by J. Framptou 1581 (Harris.se, Biblioth. Amer. Velust., p. 413) 
The map in the Spanish edition is reprinted probably from the original blocki 
in P. de Medina's Libro de grandezas y cosas memorables de Espagna, s. 1., first 
edit. 1548. As may be perceived by the fac-simile given on fig. 75, this map, the 
only one to illustrate a manual of navigation which was once very popular, was 
very insignificant. The author commits on it the blunder, scarcely to be excused 
in a navigator of the middle of the 16th century, of marking a general scale on 
a map with rectilinear meridians stretching from pole to pole. This map, 
however, has the merit of rendering, with tolerable correctness, the outlines 
of the Isthmus of Panama and of the eastern coast of America. In this respect, 
it has a predecessor in the drawing in Petrus Martyr, Venetia 1534 (compare 
above p. 106, fig. 67) which is also based on Spanish originals. Medina's map 
is further of interest as one of the few maps printed in Spain during the early 
period of cartography. The plate in the Italian edition is a faithful, somewhat 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 117 

reduced copy of the Spanish original, nicely cut in wood. Besides this map 
the Arte de Navegar (Italian edition) contains several geometrical figures and a 
small hemisphere surrounded by wind-heads. A map of Spain in Pedro de 
Medina's above cited Cosas memorables de Espagna is in Ortelius' Catalogus 
aiwtorum deservedly characterized as valde rudis. It is only of interest as a 
proof of the low stage of the art of map-printing in Spain in the middle of the 
16tli centurj'." (p. Ill) 

In Puente y Olea's Los Irabajos geogrdficos. Sevilla, 1900, p. S16, is a reproduc- 
tion of the map in Medina's work, entitled De las grandezas y cosas memorables 
de Espana, Sevilla, 154S, which differs from the Nordenskiold reproduction, as 
the New World extends a3 far as the strait of Magellan. 

The map, however, which is in the Library of Congress copy of his work entitled 
Libro de grandezas y cosas memorables de Espafia . . . 1566, has the same map 
as the Nordenskiold reproduction. Tho Library of Congress french translation 
entitled: L'art de naiigier . . . 1569, has a map "par N. Nicolai du daulphine 
g^ographe du roj-."' 

A map of this date 1609, is mentioned in William Robert Shepherd's Guide to 
the materials /or the history of the United States in Spanish archives {Simancas, 
the Archivo historico nacional, and Seville) . . . 1907, p. SO, no. 15, as "Map of 
Florida, prepared by Andres Gonzales, 1609." 

1611 

Lescarbot, Marc, 157S ?-1630 ? 

Figure et description de la terre reconue et habitee par les 
Fr^nfois {sic) en la Floride et audega, gisante par les 30, 31 et 
32 degrez. Legend at top: De la main de M. Marc Lescarbot. 
20.5 X 16 cms. Undated. In Ilistoire de la Nouvelle France, par 
Marc Lescarbot. Paris, J. Millat, m.dc.xi. 

Based in part on Gerard Mercator's Yirginia item et Floridae 
Americanse Provinciarum nova descriptio 1606, which see. 

It occurs in subsequent editions of Lescarbot's Xouvelle France, 
as in the 3d ed. of Adrien Perier, Paris. 1618; the modern one of 
Edwin Tross, Paris, 1866. wl io2 

Note. — In the various bibliographies consulted no map of this title was found 
in the 1st edition of this work dated 1609. The Library of Congress copy of 
1611 does not contain this map which, however, was published with it as shown 
by the notice "Av Lectevr," i. e. "La figure du Fort de la Floride dit la 
Caroline, entre la page 66 & la 67." The Library of Congress, however, con- 
tains the map in the edition of 1618. 

The edition of Edwin Tross, referred to, in 3 volumes is reprinted from the 
2d ed. of 1612. 

Consult also the following of which, to date, only the first volume is published : 
Lescarbot, Marc. The history of New France by Marc Lescarbot; with an english 
translation, notes and appendices by W. L. Grant . . . and an introduction by 
n. p. Biggar . . . v 1. fold. maps. S°. Toronto, The Champlain society, 
1907. 

(Added t.-p.: The publications of the Champlain society [1]) 
Text and translation of the third edition, Paris, 1618. 
"Five hundred and tuenty copies of this volume have been printed." 
An excellent notice of Lescarbot is found in Auguste Jal's Dictionaire critique 
de biographie et d'histoire. 2e id. Paris, 1872, pp. 777-775. Consult also 



118 LIBKAEY OF CONGRESS 

Lescarbot, Marc — Continued. 

articles by Charles C. Smith, entitled "Acadia" in Winsor's Narrative and 

critical history of America, v. 4, pp. 149-150. 

This map is reproduced in the Kohl Collection in the Library of Congress, no. 

200, with the following border ms. description: 

"This is a copy of a map of our present Carolina, (then called French Florida) 

in Lescarbot's well known History of New France. Edit. 1G18. 

" Lescarbot gives to his map the following Title: "Figure et description de la 

terre, reconnue et habitee par les Francois k la floride et audcfa gisante par lea 

30, 31 et 32 degrez." (Figure and description of the country, reconnoit«red 

and inhabited by the French in Florida and beyond that, situated in 30, 31 

and 32 degrees) 

" That he is himself the author of the map is evident from the note added to it: 

'De la main de Mr. Marc Lescarbot' (By the hand of Mr. Marc Lescarbot) 

"The map is interesting, because by it many errors in the geography of Carolina 

were introduced, errors which disfigured our maps of that country still at the 

end of the 17th Century. Lescarbot was in that century considered as a great 

authority in the history and geography of North America, and his geographical 

pictures were embodied into many works. 

"Lescarbot seems not to have known or at least not used the comparatively 

good old map of French Florida by Le Moyne (See our collection) on which 

the French ' Riviere des Dauphins ' (our Augustine-Harbour) and the ' Rivi&re 

de May' (our St. John's River) were laid down in their true Latitude a little 

North of 30°, and where to St. John's River (Riviere de May) was given its 

true course, running out with a great Northern circuit from a Southern Lake. 

Lescarbot puts these rivers half a degree higher to the North and makes the 

'R. de May' (St. John's river) run from the North-West in the direction of 

the course of our Altamaha and 'Savanna' river and makes it come out from 

a large Northern Lake. 

"His R. des Dauphins (Augustine Harbour), which Le Moyne on his map had 

very well represented as a mere inlet he makes somewhat like St. John's river^ 

come out from a smaller Western Lake, with an island, called Sarope. 

" This false picture of Lescarbot was copied by La'et and many other geographers, 

and came even down upon our early maps of Carolina, even on those of 1682, 

where the great Lake and the River May of Lascarbot take the place of our 

Savanna-river. 

"The French names of the rivers between St. John's river (Rio de May) and 

'Charlefort' (Port Royal) are the names, which distributed here Ribault, 1564. 

" The Apalachian mountains are depicted on our map as one single high Pyramid 

and called 'Montague de Palassi.' 

"The inscription is added to it: 'ici se trouve or, argent, et cuivre' (here is 

found gold, silver and copper) 

"In another note Lascarbot says: that he has named all the Indian villages 

after the names of their chiefs and that he has not marked the thirtieth part 

of those which really existed in the country." 

1616 
Tattonus, M. 

Noua et rece Terraum (■sic) et ref^iionini Californiiv, nouiR 
Illsprute Mexicanse et Peruvian una cum exacta absolutaib oraruni 
sinus Mexican! a<l Insulam Cuba usi}, Ora^cj, maritiiniB ad niaie 
austriacQ (sic) delineatio & M. Tattonus celebrem hydrogeographo 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 119 

edita (in 1. h. upper cartouche). Beniamin Wright Anglus coelator 
An':'. 1616 (in upper r. h. cartouche). 53.5 x 41.3 cms. 2 cart. 
Inckides fronj 10° to 44° north lat. and from Cape Fear west to 
about San Diego at the heatl of CaUfornia peninsula. 
Shows Florida peninsula, Gulf of Mexico, "Nova Granada" (i. e. 
New Mexico) and CaUfornia peninsula only as far north as about 
San Diego. 

Of interest as showmg the legend "Florida" extendiag across the 
head of the Gulf of Mexico. 
]Mr. Henrj' Stevens of London called my attention to this map. 

LC 103 
Note. — For references to Tattonus and the impression of 1600 of this map 
consult title no. 86. 

The Library of Congress has two copies of this map, one dated 1600, and the 
other with date changed by pen to 1616. 

1621 

Jacobsz, Theunis or Anthonie, cd^lcd Loots-Man. 
Americse Septentrionalis Pars. 

In liis West-Indische Paskaert. Amsterdam, 1621. 
KohlCol., U. S. L. C.,No. 201. 

Shows Florida with names. lc 104 

Note. — In David Bierens de Haan's Biblioffraphie neerlandaise . . 
Rome, ISSS, p. 139, are eight titles of works by Jacobsz. No reference is 
made to this map and the earliest of his works is no. 1, entitled Zee-atlas. 
Amsterdam, 1620. 93 maps. 

This is a section of the map entitled "West Indie pas caert" which is probably 
of 1620 above mentioned. 

In the Kohl Collection, no. 201, is a reproduction which is described as follows 
in the Winsor-Kohl description: 

"A. Jacobsz' Americae Septentrionalis pars. This is theengraved facsimile of a 
printed map in Dr E. B. O'CaUaghan's Documents relating to the Colonial 
History of Neu' Yorh [v. 1] given as "from the W'est-Indische Paskaert, be- 
schreven door A. lacobsz [1621]" published at Amsterdam. It shows the 
coast from Labrador to the island of Trinidad, with the Central American coast 
on the Pacific side. 

" There is a sketch of a part of the east coast in the Nar. and Crit. Hist. America, 
iv, 3S3, and facsimiles are in Valentine's New York City Manual, 1858, and in 
the Penn. Archives, 2d ser. vol. v." 

The family of Jacobsz, map makers and printers of Amsterdam, called Loots- 
Man, meaning sea-pilot. Theunis or Anthonie Jacobsz made the maps. 
Caspar is mentioned as the printer or publisher although his name appears on 
some jf the maps. Jacob Theunis was the son of Theunis or Anthonie. The 
name appears in various forms and spelling. Consult P. A. Tiele's Nederlandsche 
hibliagraphie. Amsterdam, 1884- See also Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, 
no. 510. 

Muller in his Catalogue of books, maps, plates on America . . ^ pt. in d, Atlases, 
1872-5, pp. 142-143, title 1971, describes a copy of this map as follows: 
"West-Indische paskaert. (Portulano of the West-Indies) Amslelredam, Anthony 
Jacobsz (1621 f) Very large fol. 19 by 72.— Printed on velltmi, with colored 



120 LIBEARY OF CONGRESS 

Jacobsz, Theunis, or Anthonie — Continued. 

arms. — Of great rarity. Highly interesting map, separately issued, embracing 
the whole of the American coast from New-Foundland till Cape Horn, showing 
very distinctly the coast of Nova-Francia, New Nelherland, Virginia, Florida, 
Mexico, Brazil, etc., besides the larger part of Europe and Africa.— The only 
copy, besides this, which is known to exist, belongs to the collection of the 
Historian E. B. O'Callaghan, Esq. of New York, who has reproduced one 

fourth part of this map giving the coast of N. Netherl. etc. in the Documents 

for Colonial History. A'ol. i." 

1622 

Herrera y Tordesillas, Antonio de, 1559-1625. 

Description del Destricto del Avdiencia de la Espanola. 29.5 x 
21.5 cms. Unsigned, undated. 

In his Description des Indes Occidentales . . . pur Antoiiie de 
Herrera . . . Amsterdam, 1622. p. 8. 

The map is reproduced in vol. 1. n. 6 of the 4 vol. edition of 
"Decadas de Indias." Madiijd, 1730, where it is 21.5 x 20.5. 

LC 105 

Note. — The full title and contents of this work are given in the following 
description from Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, no. 1144: 
Herrera y Tordesillas, Antonio de. Description des Indes Occidentales, qu'on 
appelle aujourdhuy le Novveav Monde: . . . translatie d'espagnol enfranfois. A 
la quelle sont adjouslces quelqiies autres descriptions des mesmes pays, avec la navi- 
gation du vaillant capitaine de nur Jacques le Maire, & de plusieurs autres . . . 
4 pts. in 1 V. 4 pi. I., 254 pp., 2 I., 17 maps, 5 pi. 4°. Amsterdam, M. Colin, 
1622. 

Added title-page, engraved, reads: Descriptio Indix Occidentalis . . . "Cet 
ouvrage [est] connu sous le nom de 'Collection de Michel Colin.'" — Leclerc, 
Bibl. amer., 1878. 

pt. [1] by Herrera, is a translation of his Descripdon de las Indias Occidentales, 
Madrid, 1601. 

pts. [2-4] were added when pt. [1] was translated and published by Colin in 
1622, in french, dutch and latin; in latin as "Novvs orbis, sive Descriptio 
Indiae Occidentalis" , and in dutch under title, Nievioe wereldt, anders ghenaempt 
West-Indien." 
The maps of pt. [1] are like those in the original edition of 1601. 



it. [1] no. 1. Descripcion de las Yndias Occidentales. 

" " 2. Descripcion de las Yndias del Norte. 

" " 3. Description del destricto del avdiencia dela Espanola. 

" " 4. Description del destricto del avdiencia de Nveva Espana. 

" " 5. Descripcion del destricto de avdiencia de la Nveva Galicia. 

" " 6. Descripcion del avdiencia do Gvafimala. 

" " 7. Descripcion de las Yndias de Mediodia. 

" " 8. Descripcion del avdiencia de Panama. 

" " 9. Descripcion del avdiencia del Nvevo Reino. 

" " 10. Descripcion del avdiencia del Qvito. 

" " 11. Descripcion del destricto del avdiencia de Lima. 

" " 12. Descripcion del avdiencia de los Charcas. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 121 

pt. [1] no. 13. Descripcion de la provincia de Chile. 

" " 14. Descripcion de las Indias del PonienlG. 
Three additional maps from Le Maire's lovrnal, ct miroir de la imvigation, 
titles in dutch, latin and french, as follows: 

pt. [2] no. [1] Carte du destroict trouv6 et paffe par lacq. lo Maire au dela du 
destroict de Magallanas vers le zudeft: 

pt. [2] no. [2] Carte du chemin ou de la route tenue par lacq. le Maire en son 
voyage par le mer Australe, et quand[!] et quand monstrant lea isles et terres, 
par iceluy defcouvertes. 

pt. [2] no. [3] Cartes des terres deg Papouas ou de Guin^e Neuve ainfi que 
lacq. le Maire les a defcouvertes en fon voijage faict en I'an 1616. 
This map was first published in the Spanish edition of 1601, for a description of 
which see title 1141, of Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 
In the same list, title 1156, under date of 1726, which has been altered to 1730, 
is the copy above referred to of 1730. 
For reference to Herrera's life and works consult : 

Sabin, Joseph. A list of editions of the vorks of Louis Hennepin and Alonso [!] 
de Herrera; extracted from a dictionary of boois relating to America. . . . New 
Vorh, J. Sabin & sons, 7576. 

Biographic univcrselle (Michand) . . . Paris, JS-57, r. 19, pp. 3.31-3S2. 
Diccionario enciclopedico hispano-americano . . . Barcelona, 1892, v. 10, pp. 
251-252. 



Speed, John, 1552 ?-1629. 

America with those known parts in that vnknowne workle both 
people and manner of buildings Discribed and inlarged by I. S. 
Ano 1626. Are to be sold in popshead alley against the Exchange 
by G. Humble. — Abraham Goos Amstelodaminsis sculpsit. 51.3 
X 39 cms. (Enghsh text on reverse) 1 cart, plans & vignettes. 

In his The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine. London, 
1676. pp. 9-10. 

Inset in u. 1. h. cor: The Northernely part of America . . . 
within well. ye. North pole is included. 7 x 6.8 cms. wl io6 

Note. — The following note explanatory of the work in which this map and 
the following were published, is title 442 of Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases: 

"Prefaced by engraved title-page of the 'Theatre of Great Britaine' . . . 
1627. It resembles a facade with statues of a native briton, a roman, dane, 
saxon and norman, in niches. 

" Maps comprising pts. 2-5 were originally published with this title. 1st ed. 
appeared in 1611; 2d ed., 1614; 3d ed., in 1627 with the title, "A prospect of 
the most famous parts of the world." 

"Engraved frontispiece, the arms of England, with inscription: — The achieve- 
ment of our soveraigne king James . . . with the armes of the eeverall 
kings that have aunciently raigned within his nowe dominions. lodocua 
Hondius flander caelavit. 1614. 
" Descriptive text on the reverse of each map. 

"Each part has a special title-page: — pt. 1, A prospect of the most famous parts 
of the world . . . pt. 2, The theatre of Great Britain . . . pt. 3, . . . 
containing the principalitie of Wales . . . pt. 4, . . . containing a 
generall ^dew of the kingdome of Scotland: . . . pt. 5, . . . containing 



122 LIBRAEY OF CONGKESS 

Speed, John — Continued. 

the kingdome of Ireland . . . pt. 2 is dedicated to 'James, king of Great 
Britain, France, and Ireland.' On the reverse of the dedication is an engraved 
plate, the coat of arms of England. Then follow, — a notice ' To the well- 
affected and favourable reader,' 2 1.; and commendatory verses to the author, 
2 1. 

"Maps are ornamented with the arms of the country and of the nobility, and 
have border illustrations of figures in national costumes and of views of cities. 
Many maps have also plans of cities, views of castles and cathedrals and other 
interesting features: — pt. 2, no. 13, [map of] Wilshire, with inset showing the 
druidieal monuments at Stonehenge and inscriptions. 

"Maps represent the work of the following engravers: — lodocus Hondius, R. 
Elstrack, Abraham Goos, Com. Danckertsz, Dirck Grijp. 
" See also title 488. 

"The following maps relate to America: 
pt. 1, no. [1] A new and accurat map of the world . . . 1626. 

" " [2] Asia [Philippine islands] Sculptum apud Abrahamum Goos. 

" " [5] America with those known parts in that unknowns worlde both 
people and manner of buildings discribed and inlarged by I. S. 
Ano 1G26. Abraham Goos, Amstelodaminsis eculpsit. 

" " [19] The kingdome of China newly augmented by I. S. 1626 
[Shows part of the n. w. coast of America] 

" " [20] A newe mape of Tartary . . . 1626 [Part of America] 

" " [21] A mapp of the Sommer islands once called the Bermudas . . ." 
Consult a notice of Speed by Sidney Colvin in his Early engraving and engravers 
in England. London, 1905. pp. 35-36. 

The following reference to his map making is in the Dictionary of national 
biography: 

"He had already, in 1598, presented 'divers maps' to the queen (ib.) and in 
1600 he gave others to the Merchant Taylor's Company, which acknowledged 
his 'very rare and ingenious capacitie in drawing and setting forthe of mappes 
and genealogies, and other very excellent inventions.' In 1607 he copied 
Norden's map of Surrey for the first edition of Camden's ' Britannia, ' and between 
1608 and 1610 he published a series of fifty-four 'Maps of England and Wales' 
(royal fol.); the maps of Cornwall, Essex, Middlesex, Surrey, and Sussex were 
by Norden, and others were by Christopher Saxton [q. v.] These, accom- 
panied by a description of each map, were collected in 1611 in Speed's 'Theatre 
of the Empire of Great Britaine' (London, fol.) for which George Humble, 
the publisher, had received a license three years before (Cal. State Papers, 
Dom. 1603-10, pp. 425, 639) A second edition appeared in 1614, and a third 
in 1627, with the title 'A Prospect of the most Famous Parts of the World.' A 
new edition, with many additions, ai)peared in 1676. A Latin version was 
published in 1G16 and again in 1646." 



Speed, John, 1552 ?-1629. 

A new and accvrat (sic) Map of the World Drawne according to 
ye. truest Descriptions latest Discoueries & best Obseruations yt. 
haue beene made by English or Strangers. 1626. Are to be sold 
in popshead Alia by Geor: Humble. 52.3 x 39.5 cms. With 
vignettes and portraits antl English text. Unsigned. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTIOX 123 

In his The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine. London, 

1676. pp. 1-2. WL 107 

Note. — For reference to this author and map see title 106. 



Dudley, Sir Robert, styled duke of Xorthumberland and earl of War- 
wiclc, 1573-1649. 

La Florida. No name, no date. 32 x 40 cms. 
In Dell Arcano del Mare, di D. Rvberto Dvdleo Dvca di Xort- 
vmbria et Conte di Warvich . . . Firenze . . . 1630. 
No. 267 in Kohl Col. wliich is a copy in ink with modern script 
and an interesting note. 

All the names are Spanish except Rio Dolfmo and Rio de Maio. 
Kolil's note is on some of the Spanish name*. I think it shows 
the influence of the Le j\Io}'ne map. lc 108 

Note. — The Library of Congress has a fine copy of this atlas, 3 volumes in 2, 
dated 1646-1647 in which this and the five following titles under Lucini are 
described. The following extracts are taken from the note to title 457 in 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases: 

"First marine atlas in which the maps were drawn on the Mercator projec- 
tion . . . The first edition of which exist only a few copies. The best known 
are in the BibUoth&que Nationale, the Grenville copy in the British Museum 
and the manuscript copy in the Eoyal Library at Munich. In America there 
are complete copies in Harvard Library and the Library of Congress, and part of 
a copy in the latter and the Public Library of the city of Worcester. Baron 
Nordenskiold states 'In how many of the large libraries of Europe one seeks 
in vain for . . . the Arcano dell mare.' 

"The author, Sir Robert Dudley, son of the earl of Leicester, was well quali- 
fied by education, travel and the possession of valuable new material, to pro- 
duce a work of importance and lasting value. His knowledge gained through 
his experience as a seaman, together with that of his brother-in-law Henry 
Cavendish the na^^gator, is amply set forth and accompanied by additional 
information supplied by Abraham Kendal and John Davis. Three manuscript 
volumes, the fiRt two dated 1610, preserved in the Specola, or Museo di Storia 
Naturale at Florence, are perhaps the basis of this work, whereas the manu- 
script m the Royal Librarj- at Munich is the completed work comprising even 
more than was finally published. 

"The work consists of 3 v., comprising 6 bks. bound in 2 v., the first of which 
contains v. 1, bks. 1-2; v. 2, bks. 3-4; v. 3, bk. 5. The second contains v. 3, 
bk. 6. 

"The text of bks. 1-4 is uneven, measiiring 14-14J x 9J inches. The plates 
are of various sizes, the larger ones folded to 16 inches. The text of bk. 5 is 
16 inches in height; bk. 6, ISJ x 13J inches inlaid to 21J x 16J inches. The 
maps, 21J inches in height, are mostly on double sheets 31 x 21J inches, 
guarded in the center. On the plates in the different copies, the pointers and 
centers vary in pattern and seem to be used indiscriminately. 
"The manuscript coat of arms, the first leaf in the Grenville copy, here omitted, 
is of similar workmanship to the illustrated manuscript title in this copy. 
The title in a scroll at the top, reads 'Dell' Arcano del mare. Tomo primo 



124 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Dudley, Sir Robert — Continued. 

diuifo nel libro primo e secondo.' Below is a design consisting of rocka in 
the sea. 

" The portolanos and charts are of great interest, many of the American ones 
being on a larger scale than even those of the dutch 'pascaart' of later years. 
That the american maps may perhaps even claim priority over those of Laet, 
may be seen from the statement of Antonio Francisco Lucini, the engraver, 
who states in the dedicatory epistle to the second edition 'Fiorenza, 1661,' 
that he worked on the plates in seclusion for twelve years in an obscure tuscan 
village, using no less than 5,000 pounds of copper in the making. 
" It is undoubtedly due to the rarity of the work that the maps of America have 
been so overlooked, although dr. Winsor calls attention to it and gives several 
partial reproductions in his 'Narrative and critical history of America,' v. 
3-4. The maps are by english and other pilots and it is generally conceded 
that the work was both scientific and accurate for the time. Dr. Hale, in his 
'Notes on Robert Dudley' (American antiquarian society. Proceedings, 
1873, V. 61, p. 9.5-) says: 'If, as I believe, he used the original charts of Henry 
Hudson, the manuscript at Munich gives us by far the most accurate account 
we have of the northern voyages of that discoverer. I have already said that 
there is reason to suspect that the maps of the Pacific coast were drawn from 
the original observations of Cavendish . . .' 

"Abraham Kendal, the master of Dudley's flagship in the expedition of 1.594-95 
to explore the 'Eldorador,' left notes and plans embodied by Dudley, in v. 1, 
bk. 2. The work of another of this group of famous navigators is represented 
in a portolano covering the voyage of John Davis to India in IGOl." 
While various references are made to an edition published in Florence in l(i30, 
no bibliographical description for such an edition seems to be known. The 
edition 1646-1647 is recognized as the first edition and that of 1661 as the 
second. 
, Antonio Francisco Lucini is the engraver of all the maps io both of these edi- 
tions. The edition of 1630 which is mentioned in the title may be the maiiu- 
Bcript origiaal. Kohl has this to say in the border ms. note to the reproduc- 
tion, no. 267: 

" This is a copy of a map of Florida, made by the Duke of Northumberland 
Robert Dudley and found among his manuscript charts, preserved at the Royal 
library of Munich. 

" The famous navigator and hydrographer Robert Dudley lived as a fugitive from 
England at the beginning of the 17th Century at Florence, where he died in 
the year 1639. (See about him in our collection the charts of California) He 
probably made this map a little before or at 1630. It was for the first time 
published iu this year in his great Sea Atlas, called 'Arcano del mare,'— a 
second time in the second edition of this Atlas in 1646 and again 1661. All 
these three editions (which are mentioned in Chalmer's General Biographical 
Dictionary 1813. Vol. xn. p. 414) are now so extremely scarce, as seldom to 
have found a place even in the catalogues, that have been published of rare 
books. 

"The map gives as good and full a picture of Florida as might be expected at 
that time. We have still much later maps of Florida, which are much worse 
than this. 

" The observations on the wind and currents are particularly remarkable. Dud- 
ley introduced such observations on all his charts, at a time when nobody else 
thought of it. 

"The chain of his observations: 'II corrente va verso Levante' (the currents 
are East) near the mouth of the Mississippi, — 'U corriente viene del Maes- 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 125 

tiate' (the current comes from the North West) at the western side of Florida — 
and: 'il corrente va verso Levante a mezzo Canale' (the current runs to the 
East in midchannel) between Cuba and Florida, give a ver>- full and correct 
description of the Currents in the Gulf of Mexico. 

"On the Coast of West Floridahegivessome of the very first Spanishsettlementa, 
made there after the middle of the 16th Centurj': 'S" Maria de Ochia' (our 
Pensacola) and 'Filipina,' named so in honour of Philipp ii. 
"Some of the Spanish names however are italianized or corrupted by him in 
the most extraordinary manner. I will mention them, because some of those 
corruptions were adopted on other maps and became stationary: 
" 'Baia di Miracoli,' (the Bay of miracles) instead of 'Miruelo,' a well known 
Spanish na\-igator. 

"'Golfo Ponte' (the Gulf of the Bridge) instead of 'Ponce,' a celebrated 
Spanish conqueror. 

"'B. questa' instead of 'Teguesta,' an Indian \-ilIage, often mentioned in 
Herrera and other Spanish authors." 

The notice of Dudley in the Dictionary of nationalbiography gives a description 
of the edition of 1646-47 and states that a second edition appeared at Florence 
in 1661. A copy of this edition is also in the Library of Congress, which will 
be described in a supplementary volume to the List of Geographical Atlases. 
Edward Everett Hale, in his " Note on Robert Dudley . . . and his Arcano 
del Mare'' published in the Proceedings of the American antiquarian society, 
Oct. 21, 1S73, pp. 9-3-96, says: " The title of the first edition is 'Del Arcano del 
Mare di Roberto Dudleo, dtica di Nortumbria e Conii di Wamnck, libri vi., Firenze, 
1630,46,47.'" 

In the preface to The Voyage of Robert Dudley . . . to the West Indies, 1594- 
93 edited by George F. Warner. Edkluyt Society, Works, 2d ser., no. 3, pp. 
Lxi-Lxit, are references to this work of Dudley's and a facsimile is given of 
the title to the edition of 1646: "A few words must be given to his magnificent 
work U Arcano del Mare, which is his most enduring memorial. As Mr. 
Leaderer has pointed out, the germ or basis of it is to be found in three 
manuscript volumes preserved, with some of his nautical and other scientific 
instruments, in the Specola, or Museum of National Historj' at Florence. 
"The first two of these volumes are in English, and were written about 1610; 
the third, in Italian, seems to have been added ten years later, as the 
author speaks of himself as a Duke and of Cosmo ii, who died in 1621, as 
etill liNong." 

Also: "It was not until 1646, three years before his death, and when he was 
seventy-two years of age, that Dudley began to publish to the world the result 
of his fifty years' study and practical experience of all matters connnected with 
the sea. The comprehensive character of his work may be seen from its title- 
page." 

The Bibliotheca GrenviUiana, London, 1S42, v. J, p. 212, in a note to the edition 
1646-47, states: " This first edition of 1646, published under the author's 
inspection, and with original impressions of the Plates, seems on that account 
more valuable, and is considered as more rare than the second. 
"In thesecond edition of 1661, published at Florence twelve years after the death 
of the author, the Text underwent a considerable change of arrangement, 
and several additions were made, which were said to be collected from the 
Mss. of the author. Those additions are principally transcribed into this copy 
of the first edition." 

Dai-id Clement in his Bibliothiijiu curieuse . . . 1757, v. 7., pp. 459-463, 
gives the title of the 1646 edition, which he calls "Premiere Edition fort- 
lare," and describes the 1661 edition in detail. 



126 LIBRAKY OF CONGRESS 

Dudley, Sir Robert — Continued. 

"II faut que Ton n'ait pas tir^ pas beaucoup do copies do la premiere edition, 
puisqu'on a et6 oblige de remettre cet ouvrage sous la presse en 1661. 
"On en trouvera un exemplaire dans notre Biblioth^que roiale, qui est reli6 
en deux volumes de grandeur d' Atlas, dont le premier est intitul6: 
"Aroano del Mare di D. Ruberto Dudleo duca di Nortumbria, e Conte di 
"Warvich. DiuLso Inlibrisei. Nel primo, de' quali tratta della longitudine 
"practicabile in diuersi modi, d'inuenzione dell' autore. Nel secondo, delle 
"carte sue generali, e de' portolani rettificati in longitudine. Nel terzo, 
"della disciplina sua marittima, e militare. Nel quarto, dell' architettura 
"sua nautica di vascelli da guerra. Nel quinto, della nauigazione scientilica, 
"e perfetta, cioh spirale, 6 di gran circoli. Nel sesto, delle carte sue geo- 
"grafiche, e particolari. Impressione seconda, corretta, & accre.sciuta, secondo 
"I'originale del medesimo eccellentissimo signor duca, che si conserua nella 
"libreria del conuento di Firenza della pace, de' Monaci di S. Bernardo del 
"ordine Fuliense. Con I'indice generale di tutta I'opra, e de' capitoli, e 
"delle figure, & istruzione a' librai per legarle. Alia serenissima, e glorio- 
"sissima Republica di Venetia. In Fiorenza, m.dc.lxi. (1661) Nella nuoua 
"Stamperia, per Giuseppe Cocchini, all' insegna della stella. Ad Istaaza di 
" Jacopo Bagnoni, & Antonjrancesco LiLcini. Con Licenza de Superiori." 
" Antonjrancesco Lucini a mis une d^dicace a la tete de cette edition, dans 
laquelle il parle de I'auteur & de soi-meme, en ces termes: 
"II S. Duca di Nortumbria, . . . consumm6 ben quarant' anni di sua vita in 
"disuelare a pr6 dell' humana republica, il presente Ai-cano del Mare, che io 
"da poi sequestrato per dodec' anni da tutto il rimanente del Mondo, in \ti 
"picciolo villaggio della Toscana cola sponda di Prencipe grandissimo, in non 
"mono che cinquemilla libre di rame h6 intagliato per farlo publico cola 
"stampa." 

"Aprfes cette D^dicace vient la Table g6n6rale des figures du Tome I. qui est 
suivie d'un Avertissement, dont je donnerai ici le commencement: 
"La stima grande, e I'esito pronto di questa presente Opera ci anno stimolato 
"a fame la seconda Edizione. Alcune imperfezioni, e difficulta, che s'incon- 
"trauano nella prima ci annoconsgliatoa corregerla, ed ampliarla. In prime 
"luogo il manuscritto dell' Autore ha somministrato molte giunte, correzioni, 
"e Figure. Nel secondo considerando la deformita; e I'incommodo resultante 
" dalle varieta delle forme, e dalle piegature delle carte intagliate abbiamo 
"ridotta quest' Opera tutta d'una grandeza, e quella amplissima." 
"Enfin vient le discours pr^liminaire de I'auteur, & le premier li^Te, qui 
ocupent 30. pages d'impression, & 27. planches gravies en cuivre. Le livre 
est suivi de I'edit de I'Empereur Ferdinand ii. AaX& de Vienne le 9. Mai 1620. 
& grav6 en cuivre d'aprfes I'original, par lequel Robert Dudley est d6clar6 
publiquement due de Northumberland, pour lui & les aini^s qui descendront 
de lui en droite ligne. 

"Le livre second remplit 24. pages, & est orn^ de 23. planches. Le Livre in. 
Pagg. 25. Planches 6. Le livre iv. Pagg. 12. Planches 14. Le livie v. 
Pagg. 26. Planches 89. Ainsi finit le premier volume. 

"Le tome ii. porte le litre suivant: "Arcano del Mare di D. Ruberto Dudleo 
"duca di Nortumbria, e conte di Warwich. Tomo secondo contenonte il 
"libro sesto, nel quale si tratta delle carte sue geografiche, e particolari. 
"impressione seconda, corretta, & accresciuta, secondo I'originale del mede- 
"simo eccellentissimo signor duca, che si conserua nella libreria del conuento 
"di Firenza del pace, de' monaci di S. Bernardo dell' ordine Fuliense. Con 
"I'indice generale di tuttra I'opera, e de capitoli, e delle fiugre, & instruz- 
"zione a' librai per legarle. Alia serenissima, e gloriosissima republica di 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 127 

"Venetia. In Fiorenza, mdc.lxi (1661) Nella nuoua stamperia, per Giuseppe 
"Cocchini, all' insegna della stella. Ad istanza di Jacopo Bagnoni, & Anton- 
"Jrancesco Lucini. Con lizenza de' superiori." FeuiUets 41. d'impression, 
sans la table, qui ocupe le premier feuUletaprfes le tttre, & 130. cartes marines, 
dont la plupart ocupent 2. feuillets. 

"Comme cet ouvrage u'a que fort peu d'impression, & que les planches sont 
toujours pretes a repasser sous la pre&se, on n'aura pas tire beaucoup de copies 
de cetfe seconds edition: ce qui fait qu'elle est rareaussi bien que la premidre. 
On en a confirm^ la rarete dans le catalogue de lar bibliotheque du marquis de 
S. Philippe, a la Haye, 1726. in 8vo. P. I. p. 127. dans la Bibliotheca anony- 
miana, ibid. 1728. in 8vo. P. I. p. 96. & dans la Bibliotheca Universalis con- 
tracta, ibid. ap. Jo. Swart, 1728. in 8vo. p. 27. 28." 

The following interesting note is copied from Quaritch's General catalogue, v. 5 
with reference to this 1661 edition: 

" The Arcano comprises Portolani and Charts by English and other pilots, which 
were never published elsewhere; and to American collectors it should prove of 
the highest interest. The maps which depict Virginia, New Netherlands and 
New England, are amongst the most important of these: they are fuller and 
upon a larger scale than, while at the same time they are totally distinct from, 
those of Laet, Jansson, Mercator, Visscher, the BeschrvA-ing of 1651, Van Loon,* 
and Donckers. It is very strange, upon this account, that the Arcano is 
omitted by Asher in his Bibliographical essay, and that the attention of so pains- 
taking a student should not have been drawn to Dudley's work. The above 
second edition was prepared from the author's corrected copy of the first (1646); 
and as he died in 1639, his maps of those parts of America must be considered 
to take precedence of aU those mentioned by Asher, except the 1630 edition 
of Laet. In fact, it is uncertain whether they might not claim priority even 
over Laet; for the engraver Lucini mentions that he himself had been kept 
secluded in an obscure village of Tuscany for twelve years, working incessantly 
at the plates. Asher's Essay, so elaborate in its description of the various early 
maps and charts, their variations, and their mutual dependence or independ- 
ence, becomes verj' defective through its omission of the Arcano. Again the 
large scale of the maps of California and New Albion, and the number of names 
which crowd the coast-line below and above Cape Mendocino, with the mar- 
ginal observations upon the errors of latitude made by previous writers, show 
conclusively the scientific character and importance of Dudley's work. A 
similar rema r k will apply to the delineations of the newly-discovered lands of 
Australia, and the northern coasts of New Holland (which he mistakenly calls 
New Guinea, while lea^dng to that island its other name Papua) 
'• One of thePortolans is by Abraham Kendal, the master of Dudley's flag-ship, 
when the latter (just before P^aleigh made his similar attempt) fitted out an 
expedition in 1594-95 to explore the land of Eldorado; during which he ^dsited 
Trinidad and some other islands, Guyana, the issues of the Orinoco, etc. He 
took some useful notes, made lists of native words, thrashed some Spanish ships, 
and escaped some great dangers in this expedition, a daring one for a young 
man of 21 — but returned without booty. The numerous \'ocabularie3 of savage 
languages which the Arcano contains are of considerable interest. Abraham 
Kendal, whose name is unknown to the book-makers, died at Portobello, in 
Central America, in 1597, in Drake's service, lea\-ing behind him the plans and 
papers of which Dudley made good use." 
Consult also: 

Vaughan, Thomas. The italian biography oj sir Robert Dudley . . . notices oj 
duchess Dudley . . . As also oJ their Jour daughters, roy. 8°. [n. p.] 1S49. 
Only .50 copies printed privately. 



128 LIBRAKY OF CONGKESS 

Dudley, Sir Robert — Continued. 

Leader, John Temple. Life oj sir Robert Dudley, earl of Warjcick and duke of 

Northumberland, roy. 8°. Florence, printed Jor the author, 1S96. 

Zach, Franz Xaver, Jreiherr von. Arcano del Mare de Robert Dudley, due de 

Northumberland. 

[In his Correspondance astronomique . . . S°. Genes, L. Camiglia, lSi5. r. 11, 

pp. 284-290] 

1630? 

Lucini, Antonio Francisco, h. 1G05. 

Carta particolare della costa di Florida e di Virginia. La longi- 
tudine Cominca da lisola di Pico d'Asores. D'America Carta mi. 
38.7 X 47.5 cms. Unsigned, undated. 

In liis Atlas maritime de TEurope, de I'Asie, de I'Afrique et de 
I'Amerique. 

Gives only the coast names north of "Cape Carneuoral." Curious, 

LC 109 

Note. — The atlaa mentioned in this title and the four following is evidently 

the same as Dudley's Arcano del Mare described in the above title 108, with 

title translated into french. 

The map mentioned here is n(j. 102, of this atlas. 

1630? 

Lucini, Antonio Francisco, h. 1605. 

Carta particolare della America 6 parte maestrale dal C. di 
Cedros. La longitudine Comincia da I'lsola di Pico d'Asores. 
D'America Carta xxxn. Paris. Bibl. nat. Cartes. 75.5 x 47.7 
cms. ? Unsigned. Undated. 

In his Atlas maritime de I'Europe, de I'Asie, de I'Afrique et de 
I'Amerique. 

Shows Cahfornia coast and kingdom of Quivira in the interior. 

LC 110 

Note. — The map mentioned here is in v. 3, no. 130, of Dudley's Arcano del 
Mare, described in title 108. 

1630? 

Lucini, Antonio Francisco, h. 1605. 

Carta particolare del Isola di Cuba e di lamaica con il Capo della 
Florida e I'lsole Intorno. La longitu"". cominca di Pico d'Asores. 
D'America Carta V. 75x48 cms. 1 cart. ?LTnsigned. Undated. 

In his Atlas maritime de I'Europe, de I'Asie, de I'Afiique et de 
FAm^rique. 

Shows entire peninsula as far N. as Cape Canaveral. Lucini 
was born at Florence in 1610. See Harrisse. Notes on Nouvelle 
France, p. 218, title 271. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 129 

Brit. Mus. Cat. gives 1630? as date for all of Lucini's maps. 

LC 111 

Note.— The map mentioned here is in v. 3, no. 103, of Dudley's Arcano del 
Mare, described in title 108. 

1630? 

Lucini, Antonio Francisco, I. 1605. 

Carta particolare dello stretto di lezo fra rAmerica d I'lsola 
lezo. La longitudine Cominca da I'lsola di Pico d'Asores. 
D'America Carta xxxni. 38.5 x 47 cms. Unsigned. Undated. 

In liis Atlas Maritime de I'Europe, de I'Asie, de TAfrique et de 
I'Am^rique. 

Show-s Cal. coast and Quivira. 

Brit. Mus. Cat. dates maps 1630? lc ii2 

Note. — The map mentioned here is in v. 3, no. 131, of Dudley's Arcano del 
Mare, described in title 108. 



Lucini, Antonio Francisco, 6. 1605. 

Carta particolare della parte Orientale del Izola di lezo con 11 
stretto fra ^Vmerica e la detta Isola. La longitu"''. Coniincia da 
I'lsola di Pico d'Asores. d'Asia Carta xviii. 75.5 x 47.5 cms. 
(?) Unsigned. L'ndated. 

In bis Atlas maritime de I'Europe, de I'Asie, de TAirique et de 
FAmerique. 

Its onl}' interest is that in r. h. upper cor. appears a bit of the 
west coast of jVmerica wdth Quivira a country between "Sin qui 
nauicco il Cap°°. Drago Ingl'«." to the S. and "La Costa Braua" 
to the N. LC 113 

Note. — The map mentioned here is in v. 3, no. 93, of Dudley's Arcarw del 
Mare, described in title IDS. 

1631 
Guerard, Jean. 

Carte de TAmerique du Nord, par Jean Guerard de Dieppe. 
Ms. on parclunent. 80 x 69.5 cms. Illuminated iu gold and 
colors. 

Orig. in Arch. Dep. de la ilariae. SeiT. Hvd. 116-0-10. 

This is in 3 parts, 2 of which show Europe and Africa, and the 
3d. which is SO x 69.5 cms. shows North .r\jnerica. It includes all 
of the Atlantic coast to Newfoundland and extends west sufficiently 
to include the Gulf of Mexico, showing the peninsula of Florida. 
Coast names only. Interesting but not instructive. 
85241°— 12 9 



130 LIBRAKY OF CONGRESS 

Guerard, Jean — Continued. 

No. 25 in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte de TAmerique. 
Catalogue des Documents geographiques exposes a ... la Bibli- 
otheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. lc 114 

Note. — The full title of this catalogue by Gabriel Marcel: Quatnhne centenaire 

de la decouverte de VAmerique. Catalogs des documents geographiques exposes 

a ... la BibliotMque nationale. Paris, 1892. 

For a notice of Guerard consult: 

Millet, Ambroise. Cartographie hydrographiqtie Dieppoise aux xvi' et xvn' 

siicks. 

[In Congris national des sodHesfranfaisesde geographie. xxiv session. Rouen, 

3 au 8 ao<it, 1903. Comptes rendus. 4°. Bouen, E. Gagniard, 1904. pp. 

157-166] 

This article also contains notices of Jean Roze, Jean Cossin, Jacques de Veau 

de Claye, Guillaume Levasseur, Jean Dupont. 

A reproduction of this map containing Florida and the gulf of Mexico is found 

in the atlas to accompany ilimoire contenant I'expose des droits de la France 

dans la question des frontihes de la Guyane frangaise et du Brisil soumise b. I'arbi- 

irage du gouvernement de la Confederation Suisse, no. 9. For a description of 

this atla-s consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 2764. The title of 

the reproduction is: 

"Partie de VAmerique tiree de la mappemonde manvscrite, sur parchemin, qui 

parte ce litre: 'Nouvelle description hydrographique de tout le monde. Carte faite 

en Dieppe, par Jean Guerard, Van 1625.' — Large de 76 cent, sur 53 cent, de haul, 

cette mappemonde est conservee aux Archives seientifiques du Service hydrographique 

de la marine, Portefeuille I, Division 0, Piice /." 

1631 

Hondius, Henricus, 1587-1638. 

America uovitcr delineata Auct: Henrico Hondio. 49.7 x 37.5 
cms. Colored outUnes. 1 cart. Undated. 

In Nouveau Theatre du ]\Ionde ou Novvel Atlas. Anastelodami, 
Apud loan Janssonium, 1642. vol. iii. Pt. 2. 

In upper centre in frame 8.5 x 14.5 is an inset map of Greenland 
& North pole. In lower 1. h. comer in frame 14 x 10 is an inset 
map of the North pole. lo 115 

Note. — This map was probably first published in the latin edition of 1631. 
The earliest impression in the Library of Congress, which is dated 1631 is found 
in the german, edition of 1633. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, 
title 444- 

The Library of Congress has also the map dated 1631 in the french edition, v. 3, 
dated 1640. This is probably the same edition as mentioned in the title. 
A copy dated 1641 is found in the Library of Congress edition of Jansson's Atlas 
novus . . . 4r. 16-i6-1649, v. 3, sig. Aaa. Consult FhiWips' List of Geographi- 
cal Atlases. 
It is also found in various other editions described in this "List." 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 131 



Mercator, Gerard, 1512-1594. 

Viiginiae Item et Floridae Americse Pro^nncianmi, nova Des- 
cripto. 25 X IS. 3 cms. avl 116 

Note. — The earliest impression of this map is found in Mercator's Gerardi 
Mercatoris Atlas she Cosmographicx meditationes de /abrica mundi et fahricati 
Jigura . . . Amsterodami, 1630. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, 
titUMO. 

The copy in this collection is taken from the edition of 1632. Consult also the 
above "List," title 443. 

Consult also title 100 for references to Mercator and the same map in the Atlas 
major. 

1633 

Mercator, Gerard, 1512-1594. 

Virginia et Florida. IS x 14.3 cms. wl m 

Note. — The earliest impression of this map is found in Mercator's Atlas minor, 
1607. 

"Jodoctis Hondius reduced the large atlas of Mercator to small quarto, and first 
published it, with latin text in 1607." Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, 
title 429. 

The copy in this collection is taken from the french edition of 1608. 
For references to Mercator and the larger impressions of this map, consult title 
100. 

1633 . 

Hondius, Henricus, 1587-163S. 

Virginia item et Floridae Americas Provinciarum, nova Descrip- 

tio. Henr. Hondius exc. 1633. Latin text on reverse. 34 x 48 

cms. This is a reprint, probably from the same plate as that of 

Mercator's 16D6 map \v\i\\ identical title. (I have compared it for 

the French territory' of Kibaut's and Laudonniere's settlements of 

1562-64) 118 

Note. — For an account of the first impression of this map consult note to title 

116, and for references to Mercator and a description of the large map of this 

title consult title 100. 

The Librarj- of Congress has a french edition of the Mercator-Hondius Atlas of 
1633 described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, no. 445. 



Blaeu, Joan, 1596-1673. 

West Indische Paskaert vertonende (behalven Europaes zuydeli- 
jcste) alle de zeekusten van Africa en America, begrepen in 't 
Octroij bij de H. M. H. Staten generael der vereenichde Xeder- 
lande verleent aen de generale West Indische Compagnie. Mits- 
gaders die van Peru en Chili, in de groote Zuyd-Zee. t'Amsterdam 
bij Johannem Blaeuw. Anno 1639. 95 x 115 cms. I have a pho- 



132 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Blaeu, Joan — Continued. 

tograph 23.1 x 19.5 cms. being no. 1421 in "Catalogue de Manu- 
scrits et de Livres provcnant des Collections Baron van den Bo- 
gaerde de Heeswijk; Jtr. Dr. Six a Amsterdam; M. L. Hardenberg 
a la Haye . . . Segonde Partie. La vente aura lieu 9-11 Mai 
1901 . . . Amsterdam, Frederik Muller & Cie. With an im- 
portant note. v/T, 119 
Note. — The "important note" referred to in this catalogue ia the following: 
" Ce portulan dessine sur velin par ordre de la Compagnie des Indes Occiden tales 
sans dbute, est le tableau des connaissances nautiques acquises par la Com- 
pagnie, des cotes d'Am&ique dans les dix huit premieres anndes de son exist- 
ence. 

" C'est un monument cartographique de premier ordre, le prototype des portulans 
imprimes aux Pays-Bas dans le xviie sifecle pour les navigateurs en service 
de la Compagnie des Indes Occidentales. 

" La carte a 6te compos^e d'aprfes des portulans espagnols, augment^e et cor- 
rig^e d'aprfes les journaux hollandais. La partie de Nieu Neerlant p. ex. est 
remplie de noms hollandais tols que Sandhoeck, Hoeck van de Visschers, A. 
Blocks Eylandt, Cabellaus Eylandt, C. Hinlopen, C. Man. Eyerhaven, Roo- 
bargh, Noortrivier, t Fort Nassau, R. Vandenrodenbarg, Varsche rivier, Vriea- 
scherivier, Sloopbay . . . Nous la consid^rons comme un chef-d'oeuvre carto- 
graphique surtout en vue des difflcultds qu'avaient les navigateurs hollandaifl 
de se procurer des renseignements exacts pour cette ^poque. 
" II y a des exemples qu'on allait prendre ces nouvelles de la bouche des marins 
strangers dans le port a Amsterdam. Voir p. ex. le manuscrit cit6 sous le 
no. 1424 oil un Van Rensselaer va eniichir sa connaissance chez les navigateurs 
br^siliens. 

"Les ^tudiants en cartographie am^ricaine nous feront peut-etre I'objection 
qu'il y existe un portulan pour le terrain de la Compagnie des Indes Occi- 
dentales date de 1621, portulan public par O'Callaghan Documents; mais 
cette carte de O'Callaghan est une mystification, du moins pour ce qui con- 
ceme la date de la reproduction dans les Documents. 

" La carte d'O'Callaghan main tenant expos(?e en original dans le Lenox Library 
est ime carte publiee par Anthoni Jacobsz sans date. O'Callaghan n'en a 
reproduit que la partie septentrionale et a introduit dans sa reproduction une 
vignette, 6trangfere k la carte, et la date fictive de 1621. C'est la date de la 
fondation de la Compagnie, mais point du tout la date de la carte, car sur la 
partie non reproduite par O'Callaghan se voit une decouverte de 1643: C'est- 
a-dire celle de Brouwer sur la cote de Chili, decouverte publi6e en Hollande 
en 1646. Voir le nom de Brouwershaven sur les cotes de Chili dans la carte 
originale et complete d'O'Callaghan, expos6e au Lenox Library. 
" Done la carte reproduite par O'Callaghan etdat^e parlui de I'an 1621 est d'une 
date plus post&ieure et nous la pla^ons vers 1650. (Voir le notice sous le no. 
1423) 

A reproduction of this map is described in title 331 of Muller's Catalogue dt 
geographie . . . 1910, with this note: 

"Reproduction d'aprfes une carte manuscrite qui fut d^truite dans une incendie 
^ Philadelphie, il y a quelques ann^es. Cette carte fut decrite dans notre 
vente de livres (collections v. d. Bogaerde de Heeswijk et J. P. Six) de 7 & 11 
Mai 1901. Nous la consid6rons h cette date etre le premier portulan de la 
Compagnie des Indes Occidentales. En comparant cette reproduction avec 
la carte decrite sous le num^ro pr6c6dent on voit que celle-1^ est ant^rieure. 



THE LOWER Y COL.T.ECTION 133 

Les c6te8 de I'Amerique ont 6tj6 trac^es ici (No. 331) plus vers le Sud, plusieura 

noms qui ne se trouvent pas encore sur la carte pr^c^dente, ont ^t6 ajout^s ici, 

et les int^rieurs des pays sent ausai d&ignfe. Johannes Blaeu dont le nom se 

trouve sur cette carte fut le fils de Willem Jansz. qui publia la carte d^crite 

sous le num^ro pr^c^dent." 

For the 1621 reproduction by O'Callaghan see title 104. 

The following is a list of the various articles in the Library of Congress relating 

to the Blaeu family: 

Baudet, Pierre Joseph Henrj'. Leven en tverken van Willem Jansz. Blaeu. Uit- 

gegeven door htt profinciaal Utrechtsch genootschap van kunsten en wetenschappen. 

xiii, 17S pp., 1 I., 1 port., 1 facs. S°. Utrecht, C. van der Post, jr., 1871. 

Baudet, Pierre Joseph Henry. Notice sur la part prise par Willem Jansz. Blaeu 

(1571-1683) dans la determination des longitudes terrestres. 8°. Utrecht, K. A. 

Manssen, 1S75. Privately printed. 

Baumgarten, Johannes. Zwei alte globen von Blaeu. (Erdkugel von 1599 und 

himmd-globis von 1603) 

[In Das Ausland. 13 april, ISSS. fol. Stuttgart, 1885. nr. 15. pp. 299-300] 

Biography. 

[In Aa, Abraham Jacob van der. Biographisch woordenboek der Nederlanden. 8° . 

Haarlem, 1853. v. 2, pp. 578-580] 

W. J. Blaeu's antheil an der bestimmung der erdldngen. [anon.] 

[In Das Ausland. November, 1875. fol. Stuttgart, 1875. v. 48, nr. 44, pp. 

865-867] 

A bibliographic curiosity. [Notice of Blaeu's atlas. 12 v. ed. 1667.] 

[In Chambers' Edinburgh journal. New series. May 31, 1851. 8°. Edinburgh, 

W. & R. Chambers, 1851. v. 15, pp. 374-376] 

In Clement, Da\-id. BibUothiquecurieuse. vol.4, pp.267-276, is a bibliography 

of the Blaeus' atlases. 

Dozy, Charles M. Willem Janszoon Blaeu. 

[In Tijdschri/t van het Nederlandsch aardrijkskundig genootschap, gevestigt te 

Amsterdam, 1887. 2de serie. 8°. Amsterdam, C. L. Brinkman, 1887. v. 4, 

pp. 206-21.5] 

Eerste (De) uitgave van Blaeu's Licht der zeevaert. [Signed T.] 

[In Bibliographische adversaria. 16°. 'sGravenhage, M. Nijhoff, 1883-86. v. 5, 

pp. 293-29.5] 

G^nard, Pierre Marie Nicolas Jean. Les globes de Guillaume Blaeu. 

[InSocietegeographied'Anvers. Bulletin. 1883-84. 8°. Anvers, 1883. v. 8, 

pp. 159-160] 

Lowenberg. Blaeufamily. Memoirs. 

[In Allgemeine deutsche biographic, fol. Leipzig, 1875. v. 2, pp. 686-688] 

Maxwell, -Sir Herbert Eustace. Blaeu's atlas. [12 v. ed. 1667] 

[In his Rainy days in a library. 12°. Neiu York, F. P. Harper, 1896. pp. 

123-129] 

Notice. 

[In Bierens de Haan, David. Bibliographie Neerlandaise. 8°. Rome, 188S, 

pp. 26-27] 

Tiele, Pieter Anton. Leven en werhen van Willem Jansz. Blaeu, door P. J. 

Baudet . . . 1S71. [Review] 

[In De Gids. 1872. 8°. Amsterdam, P. N. Van Kampen, 1872. Derde serie. 

V. 1, pp. 356-367] 

"He founded a firm of map-makers, and publishens in 1612, subsequently 

carried on by his sons Johan (d. 1673) and Cornells, and his grandsons. Nearly 



134 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Blaeu, Joan — Continued. 

all the plates were destroyed by fire in 1672." See also notice of "Joannes 

Blaeuw," in Foppens Bibliotheca Belgica. v. 1, p. 582.. 

The following note is copied from PhilUps' List of Geographical Atlases, title 44S: 

"In 1631, Willem Jansz. Blaeu published an atlas entitled: Appendix theatri 

A. Ortelli et Atlantis G. Mercatoris continens tabulas geograph. diversarum 

orbis regionum nunc prim, editas cum descriptionibus. fol. Amsterdami, 

apud Guilj. Blaeuw, 1631. This atlas contained 103 maps (2 of which relate 

to America) and has become very rare. Willem J. Blaeu and his eon Joan 

published together in 1635 a larger atlas in 2 vols. The following quotation, 

taken from the announcement written by Joan Blaeu in the french edition of 

the atlas explains its origin: "Guillaume mon pere ^tant excit6 par les exem- 

ples des grands geographes s'etait r^solu de donner la description de ce monde 

imiversel, mais en partie occup6 ^ d'autres affaires, et en partie craignant 

pour la grandeur de cette entreprise il la remit a un autre temps. Comme done 

je fus retoume d'ltalie, je pris la charge d'une chose si haute et si difficile et 

joignant mes travaux aux siens, nous imprimames I'atlas en deux volumes." 

The following is a list of Blaeu's atlases, as found in Tiele'a, Nederlandsche 

bibliographie, 1884: 

Het licht der zee-vaert daerinne claerlijck beschreven ende afgkebeeldet werden alle de 

aisten ende havenen vande westersche, noordesche, oostersche ende middelandsche 

zeen. 4°. Amst., 1620. 

Le jkmibeau de la navigation ... 4°. Amst., 1619. 

'Tderde deel van' t licht der zee-vaert ... 4°. 1621. 

Zeespiegel, inhoudende een horte onderwysinghe in de honst der zeevaert . . . fol. 

Amsterdam, 1623. 

Eet nieuwe licht der zeevaert . . .fol. Amst., 1634- 

Zeespiegel, inhoudende een horte onderuijsinghe in de honst der zeevaert . . . fol. 

Amst., 1650. 

De groote zeespiegel . . . 3 v. fol. Amst., 1655-58. 

1635. Theairum orbis terrarum. 2. v. latin (first vol. dated 1634) dutch. A 

dutch edition in 1642, 

1638. French edition. 

1640. Latin edition in 3 v. by Joan Blaeu and his brother Comelis. (Also in 

dutch, french and german) 

1646. A fourth volume published in latin, dutch, french and german. 

1649-1655. Edition in 6 v. 

Contents. 

I. Europa septentrionalis, Germania, Germania inferior. 1649. 
II. Gallia, Hispania, Asia, Africa, America. 1650. 

III. Italia, Graecia, Scotia. 1650. 

IV. Anglia. 1648. 

V. Scotia, Hibernia. 1654. 

VI. Mart. Martinii Novus atlas Sinensis. 1655. Also with dutch, 
german and french text. 
16G2. Atlas Major. 11 v. (with a second edition of the first part in 1665) 
1663. Le grand atlas ou cosmographie Blaviane. 12 v. 
Also in latin, dutch; a Spanish edition was published in 1659-72. 
1664-65. Grooten atlas. 9 v. 
1667. Another edition of the atlas in 12 v. 
The following is a list otother atlases published by Blaeu: 
Toonneel der steden van de Vereenighde Nederlanden. Amst., J. Blaeu. 
[164S'49] 2 V. (Also in latin) 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 135 

Theatrum civitatum et admirandorum Ilaliae . . . Amstel, J. Blaeu, 1663. 

S V. • (Auolher edition with the imprint: apud haeredes J. Blaeu, IGTfi) 

Theatrum statuum . . . Sabaudiae ducis. Amst. haer. J. Blaeu, 1682. 2 v. 

Other editions in 2 vole, by R. C. Alberts in 1726 at the Hague and by Adr. 

Moetjens in 1697; a french edition translated by Jacq Bernard, published by 

Adr. Moetjens, in 1700, another in 1725. 

Nouveau the&tre d'ltalie ou description exacte de ses rilles. Amst., P. Mortier, 

1704. 4 V. 

Eet nieuw stedeboek van Italie . . . Amst. P. Mortier, 1704-5. 4 v. 

Nieuw vermeerderd en verbeterd groot stedeboek van geheel Italie. 'sGravenh., 

R. C. Alberts. 1724. 4 v. 

Of Blaeu's atlases of the world, the Library of Congress has the following: 

1635. Dutch edition. 2 v. 

French edition. 2 v. 

1638-40. French edition. 3 v. 

1642. Dutch edition. 3"^ v. 

1644. French edition. 2'"' v. 

1648-58. Dutch edition. 6 v. (Not mentioned by Tiele) 

1664-65. Dutch edition. 9 v. 

1667. French edition. 12 v. 

1639 
Vingboons, Joan. 

1. Ue Eylanden en Vastelanden van West Indien . . . door 

Joan Vingboons. 

In Cartes manuscrites des Antilles par Joan Vingboons en 1639. 

Atlas in fol. Property of Mr. Henry Harrisse. Paris. 
Probably shows Florida. Not seen by me. 
No. 190 in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte de I'Amerique. 

Catalogue des Documents geographiques exposes a ... la 

BibUotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. 

There is a collection of this map maker in the king's private 

library, Madrid, I believe. 120 

Note. — A reference to this map is made by Harrisse in his Discovery of North 
America, p. 612. 

In the Catalogue of Nicolaas Willem Posthumus, published by Muller, 1887, 
in the note preceding title no. 713, p. 55, is the following note relating to 
Vingboons: "Les cartes d^crites sous les Nos. suivants pro\'iennent d'un Atlas 
Manuscrit dessin^ express^ment poiu' la Compagnie des Indes Occidentales 
aux Pays-Bas. Une de ces cartes porte comme nom d'auteur "Joannes 
Vingboons" qui accompagnait Jean Maurice de Nassau, au Brfeil. Cet atlas 
manuscrit fit part du Magasin de la Firme Htdst van Keulen, c^diteurs de cartes 
de marine, dont on vient de faire la ^entc, aprfes une existence de plus de deux 
sifecles." This note is followed by five descriptive titles of maps by the 
same author. All of these maps are dated 1639. Also various other titles of 
the same date by Vingboons, are mentioned throughout this catalogue. 
Van der Aa in his Biographisch woordenboek der Nederlanden, v. 19, p. 226, 
gives the following: 

" Vinckeboons of Vingboons (Joan), een kunstgraveur, waarschijnlijk te Rotter- 
dam geboren, beoeder of zoon van David Vinckeboons. Er komen platen 
van hem voor in het werk van Philips Vinckeboons; ook sneed hij in koper 
eene kaart van het hoogheemraadschap van Schieland., geordonneert ende begonnen 
anno 1650, gemeten door Jan Stampioen." 



136 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Vingboons, Joan. 

Recueil factice de cartes manuscrits de la cote orientale de 
TAmeriqiie et de la Californie dressees par Joan Vingboons en 1639. 
Atlas in fol. 71 x 50 cms. Property of Mr. Henry Harrisse. 

No. 276 in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte de I'Amerique. 
Catalogue des Documents Geographiques exposes a ... la 
Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris. 1892. Not seen. 121 

Note. — See title 120, for references to Vingboons. 

1640 

Laet, Joannes de, 1593-1649. 

Nova Hispania, Nova Galicia, Gvatimala. 36 x 28.2 cms. No 
name or date. 

In his L'Histoire dv Nouveau Monde ou Description des Indes 
Occidentales ... A Leyde, B. & A. Elseuiers. md. c. xl. bet. 
pp. 130-131. 

Shows south western point of Florida Peninsula with "B de Car- 
los, 6 de luan Ponce" not shown thus on his Florida map. lc 122 

Note. — This map was originally published in the dutch edition of de Laet's 

work of 1625, entitled: Nieuvve wereldt. The above french edition is translated 

from the dutch edition of 1630. For a list of these various editions consult 

Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, titles 1147-1150. 

The following articles relate to this writer: 

Biography. 

[In Aa, Abraham, Jacob, van der. Biographisch woordenboek dcr Nederlnnden. 8°. 

Haarlem, 1S65. v. 11, pp. 26-28\ 

Biography. [Signed J. Roulez] 

[In Biographic nationale. S°. Bruxelles, 1876. v. 5, pp. t7S-277] 

Foppens, Jean Franfois. Joannes de Laet. 

[In his Bibliothecx belgicx. 4°. Bruxellis, P. Foppens, 1739. v. 2, pp. 671-2] 

Kickx, Jean. Notice sur Vancien geographe anversois Jean de Laet. 

[In Nouvelles annates des voyages. 5m« serie. 8°. Paris, A. Bertrand, 1853. 

V. 1, pp. 173-194. pp. 190-194: Lisle chronologique des ouvrages publics par 

Jean de Laet, et de lews differentcs editions] 

Murphy, Henry C. J. de Laet, Nieuwe wereld. 

[In his Henry Hudson in Holland. S°. The Hague, M. Nijhoff, 1909. pp. 

98-100] 

Nic6ron, Jean Pierre. Jean de Laet. 

[In his Memoires . . . 16°. Paris, 1737. v. 38, pp. 339-346] 

Notice of his life. 

[In Laet, Joannes de. Extracts from the New World. Neiv York historical 

society. Collections. 8°. New York, society, 1841. New series, v. 1, pp. 



281-288] 



1640 



Laet, Joannes de, 1593-1649. 

Florida et Regiones Vicinae. 35.7 x 28 cms. Unsigned, un- 
dated. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 137 

In his L'Histoire du Nouveau Monde ou Description des Indes 
Occidentales ... A Leyde, B. & A. Elseuiers, md. c. xl. bet. 
pp. 102-103. 

Influenced by Mercator's Virginiae item et Floridae . . . Nova 
descriptio, 1606. wl 123 

Note. — This map is also found in the original dutch edition of 1625, consult 
title 122. It is reproduced in the Kohl Collection, no. 203; the manuscript border 
notice of which reads as follows; 

"This is a copy of a map in J. Laet's great work on America, edition of 1625. 
The map stands also in the same manner in the edit, of 1630 and in the other 
editions of the same work. The map has the title: ' Florida et regiones \-icinae.' 
(Florida and the neighboring regions) Laet seems under the name of Florida 
to comprehend only the countries between Virginia and the Mississippi. 
"Laet was a man of a great sagacity and learning, and he by his studies sometimes 
arrived at very correct and admirable results. We find sometimes Latitudes and 
positions on his maps, which have scarcely been corrected since. La Condamine 
amongst others gave an example and proof of this. Also this map. though it is not 
one of his best, bears some e\-idence, that he laid not down his names and places 
at random, but after ha\-ing studied his predecessors and the old authors upon the 
subject. Nearly all the names North of the Mexican Gulf are taken /rom the 
reports on the expeditions of De Soto, and are laid down, so much as it could be 
done in that region, where the historians of De Soto placed them. For instance 
'Aute' near our present Apalachee Bay. 'Achusi' not far from our present 
Pensacola. 'HLrrihigua" the name of that Cazique in Florida, whom De Soto 
met in the outset of his joiuney. 

" It is, however, astonishing that even a man like Laet could with all his study 
not arrive at a better Mississippi system, than he gave to his contemporaries, in 
those fanciful river-cotu-ses, which he lays out around 'Bahia del Espiritu 
Santo.' I think, in all the reports on De Soto's as well as on Luna's expeditions, 
it is clearly enough stated, that there was one principal and main river channel. 
Laet has, however, the Latitude of the mouth of his 'Bahia del Espiritu 
Santo' (Mississippi) very right in 29° N. L. The names on the peninsula of 
Florida: Bahia de Carlos (oiu- Ponce de Leon Bay) Tampa, R. Ayz (our Jove 
inlet) S. Augustin, Barra de S. Matheo (our St. John's River) are all from the 
surveys of this country under Don Pedro de Menendez (about 1570) 
" The whole coast and interior of South Carolina or what was then called French 
Florida, is nothing but a reduced copy of the map, which Lcscarbot gave in Ajs 
work edit. 1618. (See our collection) Only the names varj'. Laet adopts the 
mistake of Lescarbot, to make the French ' R . de May ' similar to our Savannah 
or Altamaha Rivers, whilst he ought to have put it at Barra de S. Matheo. 
From this misplacement many other mistakes are a consequence. 
"The 'Lacus magnus' (Great Lake) beyond the Apalachian Mountains, does 
after Laet and Lescarbot not disappear more from the maps. It is perhaps a tra- 
dition relating to Lake Erie, of which a travelling Indian brought down a report 
to the Seacoasts. At all events this Lacus magnus takes afterwards the form 
and position of that most Southern Canadian Lake." 
Consult title 122 for references to life and works of de Laet. 

1640-1665? 
Allard, Hugo. 

(Enclosed in a vignette is the title:) 

Americae Hugo ^Vllardt Excudit Inde Kalver straet Werrelt 
Kaert. (Across the top is:) Xova totius Americae sive Xovi Orbis 



138 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Allard, Hugo — Continued. 

Tabula, Auct. Hugo Allardt. 55 x 43.7 cm. and omitting top title 
55 X 42 cm. Undated. 

Brit. Mus. date 1640-1665? lc 124 

Note. — A photograph of this map is in the Library of Congress. The only other 

map by this author in Library of Congress is referred to in Phillips' List of 

Geographical Atlases, in the work entitled, "Remarkable maps," title 260. 

It is mentioned as " Franciscus Hoeius' map of the world, ca. 1600: republished 

with later discoveries, by Hugo Allardt. Amsterdam, ca. 1640." 

For various maps of Allard, consult index under his name in Phillips' List of 

Geographical Atlases. 

1642 
Jansson, Jan, d. 1666. 

Insulse Americanse in Oceano Septentrionali cum Terris adia- 
centibus. Amstelodami, Apud loannem lanssonium. 52 x 37.7 
cms. Undated. Colored outline. 2 colored cart. In Nouvel 
Theatre du Monde ou Novvel Atlas. Amstelodami, Apud loan 
Janssonium, 1642. vol. iii. pt. 2. 

This is the same plate and title as that of Blaeu 1644, except 
that Blaeu has added a 3d cartouche in the lower 1. h. cor. 

The same plate by Johannis Blaeu 1667; Visscher 1680 ( ?) Valk 
andSchenk 1710; 

A reduced copy by Montanus 1671. 

I think he uses Spanish names for Florida coast. lc 125 

Note. — The first impression of this map was published in the 1635 dutch 

edition of Blaeu'a Atlas. Consult description of this atlas in Phillips' List of 

Geographical Atlases, title 448. For other impressions of this map consult also 

that work. 

In title 452 of that work, under the date 1639, by Hondius, is an atlas of the same 

french title. 

Muller, in his Catalogue, 1872-1815, pt. iiid. Atlases, title 1887, gives the same 

french title to an atlas by Jansson with the same date. There seems to be no 

reference to a french edition of the date 1642. 

See also title 115. 

For a list of Jansson's works consult P. A. Tiele, Nederlandsche biobliographie van 

land- en volken-kunde . . . pp. 121-12-i. 

1642 
Jansson, Jan, d. 1666. 

Virginiae partis australis, et Floridae partis orientalis, intcrja- 
centium% regionum nova descriptio. 50 x 38.2 cms. Unsigned, 
undated. Colors. 2 colored cart. French text on reverse. 

In Le Novveau theatre du Monde ou Novvel Atlas. 

Amstelodami, Apud loan lanssonium. 1642. Vol. iii. Pt. 2. 

This is the same plate and map as that of Blaeu 1644, with no 
changes whatever. 

This map (comparetl) for tlio French settlements of 1 562-64 is 
based wholly on Mercator's Virginiae item et Floridae Americanac 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 139 

Provinciarum, nova descriptio, 1606 (and see Hondius of 1633 with 
same title as Mercator's map) The Jansson plate with identical 
title and only insignificant changes in lettering and ornamentation, 
appears to have been used in: Guihelmus Blaeu of 1644; Johannis 
Blaeu of 1662 & other Blaeu editions; Carolus Allard in 1696; G. 
Valk et P. Schenk of 1710 ( ?) 

It has been reproduced in smaller size by: Arnoldus Montanus, 
1671. Lc 126 

Note.— Consult titles 100 and 125 for references to this atlas. While this map 
does not differ geographically from others relating to Virginia and Florida, it 
differs in title. The earliest reference in the Library of Consress collection, is 
the Blaeu atlas, french edition, 2d pt. dated 1644, title 455 of Phillips' List of 
Geographical Atlases. 

1642 

Hondius, Hemicus, 1587-1638. 

America noviter delineata (see 1631) lc 127 

Note. — For information relating to this map consult title 115. 

1642 
Jansson, Jan, d. 1666. 

America Septentrionahs. 55.2 x 46.7 cms. Unsigned, undated. 
Colored outlines. 2 colored cart, one of them left blank. 

In Xouveau Theatre du Monde ou Nowel Atlas. Amstelodami, 
Apud loan Janssonium, 1642. Vol. iii. Pt. 2. 

Shows Flo. Gulf; New Mex. Cal. is shown as an island lc 128 

Note. — For information relating to this atlas consult title 115. The first ref- 
erence to this map in Library of Congress is found in Hondius' Nouveau thedtre 
dv monde, J6S9, title 452 of Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. Consult also 
this work for other impressions. 

1644 

Blaeu, Willem Janszoon, 1571-163S. 

Insula? Americana? in Oceano Septentrionali cum Terris adia- 
centibus. Ampl™°. . . . D. Alberto Conradi vander Bvrch 
. . . Tabulam banc iuscribit. Gudjelmus Blaeu. 52.5 x 37 cms. 
Unsigned, imdated. 3 cartouches. 

In Le Theatre dv Monde, ou Novvel Atlas. Mis en lumiere par 
Gvillavme & lean Blaev. Segonde Partie. A Amsterdam, Chez 
lean Blaev. m. dc. xliv. Amerique, pp. 5-6. 

Shows Gulf of Mexico with Florida peninsula as far N. as 38°. 
Spanish coast names only for Florida coast and region of French 
colony. 

This map is repriated with same title and same plates ia Jansson, 
1642; Blaeu: Atlas Major, sive Cosmographia Blaviana. Amst. 
1662. Vol. XL "America." pp. 89-90; and apud G. Valk et P. 



140 LIBEABY OF CONGKESS 

Blaeu, Willem Janszoon — Continued. 

Schenk. Amstelaedami, 1710 (?) who omit the lower left hand 
cart, which contained Guiljemus Blaeu's name. 

A reduced copy by Montanus, 1671. wl 129 

Note. — The earliest impression of this map in Library of Congress collection 
is in Hondius' Nouveau thedtre dv monde . . . 1639, consult title 452, Phillips' 
List of Geographical aliases. For references to this edition of Blaeu consult 
title 455 of the same "List." 
For references to the Blaeu family consult title 119 of this work. 

1644 
Blaeu, Willem Janszoon, 1.571-1638. 

Virgmiae partis australis, et Floridae partis orientalis, interja- 
centiumcjj regionum nova descriptio. 50.2 x 38.5 cms. Unsigned, 
undated. Colors. 2 colored cartouches. In Le Theatre dv Monde, 
ou Novvel Atlas, Mis en lumiere par Gvillavme & lean Blaev. 
Segonde partie. A Amsterdam, Chez lean Blaev, m.dc.xi.iv. 
Amerique, pp. 10-11. 

Shows only as far S. as 30° N. lat. 

This map appears with same title and apparently from same 
plates in Jan. Janssen, 1642; Blaeu (Joan) Atlas Major, sive cos- 
mographia Blaviana. Amst. J. Blaeu. 1662. Vol. xi. "America," 
pp. 41-42; Carolus Allard, 1696; and Amstelaedam, Apud Ge- 
rardum Valk et P. Schenk, 1710 ( ?) Reproduced in smaller size by 
Arnoldus Montanus, 1671. The map is based on Mercator's Vir- 
giniae item et Floridae . . . Nova descriptio, 1606. (Compared 
as to Florida part) lc 130 

Note.— See also titles, 100, 125, and 126. For references to this atlas consult 

title 455 of Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, and for other impressions, the 

same list. 

For references to (he Blaeu family consult litle 119 of this work. 

1644 
Blaeu, Willem Janszoon, 1571-1638. 

Americae nova Tabula. 55.5 x 41 cms. Unsigned, undated. 
Colors. 1 cartouche. 

In Le Theatre dv Monde, ou Novvel Atlas, mis en lumiere par 
Gvillavme & lean Blaev. Segonde Partie. A Amsterdam Chez 
lean Blaev. m.d.c.xliv. Amerique, pp. 1-2. 

10 vignettes of types of different races, 4 x 6.7 cms. and 9 views 
and plans of cities, the first in ovals, form a border on top and sides. 

Shows Florida, Gulf, New Mexico, California as a peninsula and 
main land. lc 131 

Note. — The earliest impression of this map in the Library of Congress is in the 

dutch edition of 1635 of Blaeu. See description of this atlas in title 448 of 

Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 

The edition mentioned in the title is described in the same work, no. 455; 

also 460, 471, 479. 

For references to the Blaeu family consult title 119 of this work. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 141 

1645? 
Gods, Pieter. 

West-Intlische paskaert . . . vertonende behalve(n) Europaes 
zuydelijcsto alle de zeekusten van Africa en America, begrepen 
in 't Octroy . . . der West-Indische Compagnie. Mitsgaders die 
van Peru en Chili in de groote Zuyd-Zee. Gedruckt t' Amsterdam 
bij Pieter Goos. (1645?) Ms. Portulan on velum. 97 x 78 cms. 

Title in Catalogue de Manuscrits et de Livres provenant des 
Collections Baron van den Bogaerde de Heeswijk; Jlir. Dr. 
Six k Amsterdam, M. L. Hardenberg ^ La Haye . . . Segonde 
Partie . . . Mai 1901 . . . Amsterdam, Frederik Muller & cie. 
Muller says in his note to the title, that the map shows the 
coasts of Africa and America included in the jurisdiction of the 
West India Company; as it does not show Brouwer's discoveries 
on the coast of Chili, he dates it 1640-1646, Brouwer's journal 
having been published in 1646. The map is based on no. 1421 of 
the same catalogue, i. e. "West Indische Paskaert vertonende 
(behalven Europaes zuydelijcste) alle de zee kusten van Africa en 
America . . . t' Amsterdam bij Johannem Blaeuw. Anno 16.39" 
(of which I have a photograph) 132 

Note.— Consult titles 104 and 119. 



Dudley, Sir Robert, styled duke of Nortliumberland and earl of War- 
wick, 1573-1649. 

Carta seconda Generale del America AF Lucini Fece. 
The plate is 37.5 x 45 eras. Without name or date. 
In Deir Arcano del Mare di D. Rvberto Dvdleo Dvca di Nortvm- 

bria et Conte di Warvich . . . Firenze . . . 1646. Libro Secondo 

bet. p. 56-57. 

It is probably also in 1st ed. of 1630. Shows the Florida coast 

north of 27° N. Lat., i. e. Cape Canaveral. The names are Spanish. 

LC 133 
Note. — Consult title 108 for references to Dudley. The map referred to here 
is found in v. 1, no. 10, of his DelV Arcano del Mare, 1646-47, described in 
title 457 of Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 

1649 

Blaeu, Willem Janszoon, 1571-1638. 

Nova totius terrarum orbis geographica ac hydrographica tabula 
auct: Guiljelmo Blaeuw. Excudebat Gulielmus Blaeuw Amste- 
rodami sub signo Solarii deaurati. J^ vanden Ende sculpsit. 
Undated. 44.5 x 30 cms. exclusive of vignette border. 3 cart. 
Latin text on reverse. 

In Toonneel des Aerdriicx Ofte Nievwe Atlas . . . Door Wil- 
helm: en lohannem Blaeu, Amsterdam (1649) 



142 LIBRARY OF C 

Blaeu, Willem Janszoon — Continued. 

It is the central part of the map wliich I have and which meas- 
ures 44.5 X 30 cms. exckisive of the vignettes which surround it. 

WL134 

Note. — The first reference to this map in the Library of Congress collection, is 
found in the german and french editions of Mercator and Hondius, 1633, and 
the english edition of 1636, with map dated 1630. It is also mentioned in 
Hondius's french edition of 1639, in N. Tassin and others, dated 1643. In 
Jansson, 1646-49 and Blaeu, 1648-58, and in the Bpanish edition of Jansson of 
1653. 

Consult these atlases in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 
For references to the Blaeu family consult title 119 of this work. 



Avity, Pierre d', sieur de Montmartin. 1573-1635. 

America noviter delineata. M. Merian fecit. 36 x 27.8 cms. 
1 cart. Unsigned, undated. 

In his Neuwe Archontologia cosmica . . . Frauckfurt am Maijn, 
M. Merian, (1649) 

The plates, plans and maps in this German etlition are from 
Pierre Avity's "Les Empires, royaumes,estats . . . et principautez 
du monde." 

There is an inset of Greenland, 6 x 5.5 cms. wl 135 

Note. — For a description of the work which contains this map see title 58 of 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 

The first edition of this german translation, containing Merian 's map, was pub- 
lished in 1638. Avity's name is found in various bibliographies under Davity. 
The catalogue of the Biblioth&que nationale has his works described under 
Avity. The following note relating to the french edition is quoted from 
Sabin's Bibliotheca americana under Davity: 

" ' Ce volume fait partie des " Etats ou Empires du Monde " de Pierre Davity, 
compilation mediocre, oil Ton trouve cependant dea passages qui n'avaient pas 
encore paru en franjais. La premiere Edition date de 1626, la notre est aug- 
mentee et prec^dee de I'eloge de Da\'ity par Jean Baptiste de Rocoles. La 
carte de P. Berlins, qui se trouve jointe a la partie concernant I'AnK^rique, 
porte la date de 1662, ce qui fait presumer que la date de publication sur le 
livre meme est inexacte.' — Tromel. There is also an edition, Paris, Claude Soii- 
nivs. 1637. Folio, 1 I. , pp. 19, 6 I. Map." 

A notice of the life of Avity is published in NouvelU biographic gincralc [Didot] 
V. 13, p. 260. 

In Kvity' a Description gcnlrale del' Amaique . . . ^6.^5, which is the third part 
of his above mentioned work, is a map of America with the following title: 
Carte de VAmcrique corrigce, et augmentce dessus toutes les autres cy-deuant faictfs 
I'annce 1640. 

This same map without date but with the statement in the cartouche "faictes 
par P. Bertius," is found in the atlas described in Phillips's List of Geographical 
Atlases, title 453, under "N. Tassin and others." This map also, without 
change, is found under the name of Hondius, 1631, title 444, Phillips's List of 
Geographical Atlases, in the Library of Congress copy of the Mercator-Hondiue 
atlas, german edition of 1633. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 143 

Various other impressions are described in this work. 

For references to Matthaiis Merian, 1593-1651, the maker of this map, consult 
the following: 
Biography. 

[In Nagkr, Georg Kaspar. Xcues allgemeines kiinstler-lexicon. S°. Munchen, 
E. A. FkUchmann, 1S40. v. 9, pp. 137-14^] 

See Merian's portrait in Henri Ferrand's Essai d'histoire de la cartographic alpine, 
p.U. 

See also notice in Alfred Bonnardot's Bistoire artislique et archeologique de la 
gravurc cii France, pp. 61-64. 

Eckardt, Heinrich. Maithxus Merian. Skizze seines lebens und ausfuhrliche 
beschreibung seiner topographia Germanise, nebst lerzeichniss der darin enthaltenen 
tup/erstiche. 2^:i pp., portrait. S°. Basel , H . Georg , 1SS7 . This is an exceed- 
ingly interesting sketch of the gennan publisher, cartographer and engraver 
of the seventeenth centurj^, whose maps and atlas did much to advance both 
geography and cartography. 

• Second edition published in 1892 in Kiel by H. Eckardt's verlag. 

For references to the various editions of Avity's work consult E. G. Wolters- 
dorf, Repertorium der land- und seckarten . . . Wien, 1813, pp. 101-103. 

1650 

Sanson, Nicolas, d'AbbeviUe, 1600-1667. 

Ainerique Septentrionale Par N. Sanson d' Abbeville Geog. du 
Roy A Paris Chez I'Auteur Et chez Pierre Mariette rue S. 
lacques a 1 Esperace 1650. Auec priuilege du Roy pour vingt Ans. 
APejTounin sculp. 55.5 x 39 cms. wl 136 

N OTE . — This map is probably taken from the edition of 1658 of his Cartes generales 

de toutes les parties du monde, the first edition of which was published in 

1644. 

The Library of Congress has the editions of 1670 and 1675. It is very difficult 

to state from which edition the separate maps by Sanson are taken. For 

example in the Librarj' of Congress copy of 1675, maps are separately dated 

from 1G32 to 1674. 

Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 486. 

Consult the following for references to this family of map makers: 

Catalogue dcs Hires <t traitez de geographie [et des cartes'] de messieurs Sanson, 

. . . sfavoir de Nicolas Sanson pere, de Nicolas, de Guillaume, & Adrien Sanson 

sesfils, & de Pierre Moullart- Sanson son petil-fils. 

[In Lenglet Dufresnoy, Nicolas. Mcthode pour etudier la geographic. 16°. Paris, 

C. E. Eochereau, 1716. v. 3, pp. 482-507] 

Same. 

[In LengUt Dufresnoy, Nicolas. Methode pour etudier la geographie. Se id. 
16°. Paris, Rollin fils, 1742. vol. 1, pt. 2, pp. 110-139] See also pp. 195-226, 
232-236 (v. 1, pt. 2) 

Sanson, Pierre Moullart-. Catalogue des livres & traites de geographie des sieurs 
Nicolas Sa-nson, giographe du roi; Nicolas, Guillaume & Adrien Sanson, geo- 
graphes, ses fils; mis au jour par les soins de Pierre Moullart-Sanson, petit-fils de 
Nicolas Sanson legeographe. 12°. Paris, 1702. Consult Le Long's iSi'JZiottfjue 
historique de la France. v.l,p.S. "On trouve dans ce catalogue la Uste d'une 
grande quantite de cartes des Gaules & de la France, taut pour la division 
ecclesiastique que pour la di\-ision ci\'ile, avec I'indication de plusieurs ou- 
vrages geographiques composes par cette celfebre famUle de geographes Nicolas 
Sanson le pere, qui ^toit d'Abbeville, moiu-ut a Paris en 1667. Son fils Nicolas 



144 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Sanson, Nicholas — Continued. 

en 1649, Guillaume en 1703, Adrien en 1718; <t Pierre Moulkrt-Sanson, petit- 

fils, en 1730." 

Catalogue des cartes generates A- dcs tables geographiques des sieurs Sanson. Les 

cartes ou il n'y aura par Jaillot . . . 

[In Lenglet Defresnoy, N. Methode pour etudier la geographie. 3e id. 16°. 

Paris, 1742. (v. 1, 2e partie) pp. 119-139] 

Sanson, Nicolaa. Portrait. 

[In Allgemeine geographische ephemeriden. S°. Weimar, 1S02. v. 9, front.] 

Louandre, Frangois C^sar. Eistoire d' Abbeville et du comte de Ponthieujusqu'eri 

17S9. 2 V. S°. Paris, d' Abbeville [Jounet, printed] 1844-45. 

Consult Congres national des soeietcs frangaiscs de geographie. 6e session. ISSS. 

Compte-rendu. p. 87. "M. Gauthiot d^'posesurle bureau . . . une notice bio- 

graphique sur Nicolas Sanson, le c^lfebre glographe d'Abbeville. Cette notice 

extraite de la Biographic d'Abbeville . . . par M. F. C. Louandre, 1S29. 

Nic^ron, Jean Pierre. Nicolas Sanson. 

[In his Memoires . . . 16°. Paris, 1730. v. 13, pp. 210-23.5] 

1650? 

Jacobsz, Theunis or Anthonie, called Loots-man. 

West-Indische paskaert . . . vertonende behalven Europaes 
zuydlickste alle de zee-kusten van Africa en America begrepen 
in t' Octroy . . . der West-Indische Compagnie. Mitsgaders 
die van Peru en ChUi in de Groote Zuyd-Zee. Beschreven door 
A. Jacobsz. t'Amstelredam, by Anthoni Jacobsz, op 't Water in de 
Lootsman (1650 ?) Printed on vellum. 92 x 72 cms. 

Title in "Catalogue de Manuscrits et de Livres provenant des 
Collections Baron van den Bogaerde de Heesw-ijk; Jhr. Dr. 
Six a Amsterdam; M.-L. Hardenberg a La Haye . . . Segonde 
Partie . . . Mai 1901 . . . Amsterdam, Frederik MuUer & cie., 
of which it is no. 1423. 

According to Muller's note the map is based upon the 
"West-Indische paskaert . . . vertonende behalve(n) Europaes 
zuydelijcste alle de zee kusten van Africa en America, . . . 
Gedruckt t' Amsterdam bij Pieter Goos. (ca. 1645 ?) " No. 1422 in 
the same catalogue. Goos's map is derived from that of Bleau 
with the same title. Muller bases the date upon the appearance 
of the name "Brouwershaven" in Chili. As Brouwer's discovery 
was in 1643 and his journal was published in 1646, he fixes it at 
about 1650. 

This map has been reproduced in part by O'Callaghan with a 
vignette bearing the erroneous date of 1621 (in his Documents 
relating to the colonial history of New York) 

The vignette used by him belongs to the HoUantl maps pub- 
lished about 1680. As the O'Callaghan (in the Lenox Library, 
New York) map shows the Brouwer discovery of 1643, the tlate of 
1621 is obviously wi-ong. 137 

Note. — For a discussion of this map with reproductions consult titles 104 ;uul 119. 



THE LOWEEY COLLECTION 145 

1650 
Jansson, Jan, (Z. 1066. 

Mar del Zur Hispanis Mare Paciiicum. 54.5 x 44 cms. Colored 

outline. Unsigned, undated. 2 cart. 

In Cincjuieme partie du Grand atlas contenant une parfaite 

description du monde maritime . . . Amstelodami, apud Joannem 

Jansonium, 1650. pp. 97-98. 

Shows California coast as an island. lc 138 

Note. — The Library of Congress has not this edition of Jansson, but it has the 
edition of 1646-49 and the edition of 1657, also the edition of 1652-53. The two 
former editions are described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, titles 459 
and 465. The latter edition \\-ill be described in a supplementary volume. 
An impression of this map is also found in Jacob Colom's Zee-atlas, 1656, a 
description of which is found in title 464 of the above "List." 
See title 125 for references to Jansson's works. 

1650 
Jansson, Jan, d. 1666. 

Mar del Xort. 56.7 x 43.2 cms. Colored outlines. 2 cart. 
Unsigned, undated. 

In Cinquieme partie du grand atlas, contenant une parfaite 
description du monde maritime . . . Amstelodami, apud Joannem 
Jansonium, 1650. pp. 55-56. 

Paris. Bib. nat. cartes. Shows Florida and Gulf of Mexico. 

LC 139 
Note. — This map is also in the atlases referred to in title 13S. 
It is also found without name of author in the Atlas minor . . . ex officina 
Nicolai Visscher . . . A Amsterdam chez la reve [!] de Nicolas Visscher . . . 
described in title 336. 

1650 
Jansson, Jan, d. 1666. 

Insvlarum Hispaniolae et Cubae cum Insulis circumjacentibus 
accurata delineatio. 53.2 x 44.2 cms. Colored outlines. 2 car- 
touches. Unsigned, undated. 

In Cinquieme partie du grand atlas contenant une parfaite 
description du monde maritime . . . Amstelodami, apud Joannem 
Jansonium, 1650. pp. 61-62. 

Shows southern half of Florida. lc 140 

Note. — This map is also in the atlases referred to in title 138. 

1653 
Jansson, Jan, d. 1666. 

America Septentrionalis (and in cartouche in lower I. h. corner) 
Amstelodami, Excudit loannes lanssonius. Undated. 54.5 x 46.2 
cms. Colors & Gold. 2 cartouches. In Nuevo atlas. Amster- 
dam, J. Jansson, 1653. vol. 2. wl 141 

Note. — A copy of this atlas in four volumes is in the Library of Congress collec- 
tion and described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 46S. 
85241°— 12 10 



146 LIBKARY OF CONGRESS 

Jansson, Jan — Continued. 

The same map is found in the french edition of Hondius, 1639, and the french 
Jansson of 1640. 

It is also found in the Atlas minor ... ex officina Nicolai Visscher . . . .-i 
Amsterdam chez la veve [!] de Nicolas Vissi-her . . . described in title 336. 

1653 
Jansson, Jan, d. 1666. 

Instilae Americanse in oceano Septentrionali, cum terris adja- 
centibus. Amstelodami, apud loannem lanssonium. 37 x 52 cms. ' 
Undated. 

In his Nuevo Atlas. Amsterdam, J. Jansson, 16.53. vol. 2. 

LC 142 

Note. — This map is also found in the atlas described in title 141. See also 
titles in this work nos. 125 and 129 ■ 

1653 
Jansson, Jan, d. 1666. 

Virginise partis australis, et Floridae partis orientalis interjacen- 
tiumq, regionum nova descriptio. 38 x 50.8 cms. Unsigned. 
Undated. 

In his. Nuevo Atlas. Amsterdam, J. Jansson, 1653. Vol. 2. 
See this map reproduced in Blaeu of 1667, with same title and 
dimensions and with same title by Montanus, 1671. lc 143 

Note. — This map is also found in the alias described in title 141. See also 
title 126 of this work. 

1655 
Gage, Thomas, d. 1656. 

Americse descrip. 15.2 x 19.7 cms. Unsigned, undated. 
In his A survey of the West Indies. 2d. ed. London, printed 
by E. Cotes, and sold by J. Sweeting, 1655. front. i,c 144 

Note. — The Library of Congress has this edition containing the map. California 

is represented here in its correct geographical bearing as a peninsula. This 

work contains also the three following maps: 

" Ylandes of the West Indies." 

" Hispania nova." 

" Terra Firma et Novum regnum Oranatense et Popaian." 

Consult a life of Gage in the Dictionary of national biography, v. 20, pp. 35S-S55. 



Sanson, Nicolas, d'Ahheville, 1600-1667. 

L'Amerique Scptentrionale Dress4e sur les observations de M". 
de I'Academie Royale des Sciences, & quelques autres, & sur les 
Memoires les plus recens. Par N. Sanson. A Amsterdam, Chez 
Pierre Mortier, Avec Privilege. Colored outline. 2 cart. 58 x 
45.2 cms. Undated. 



THE LOWERY COIoLECTION 147 

Exterior to frame is the title: America Septentrionalis in suas 
Prsecipuas Partes Divisa, ad usimi Serenissimi Burgimdise Ducis. 

WL 145 

Note. — According to W'oltersdorf, in his Repertorium der land- and seekarten 
. . . Wicn, 181S, p. 11,1, Pieter Mortier died in 1724. Sanson, the author of 
this map died in 1667. The map is evidently based upon those published in 
his life time. According to the above mentioned work of Woltersdorf , p. 105-106, 
there were various atlases dedicated to the duke of Burgundy, published by 
Pieter Mortier from 1691 to about 1697, from one of which this impression was 
probably taken. Same map, except that the name of Sanson has been replaced 
by that of Delislc and the imprint changed to "Amsterdam, chez I. Covens & 
C. Mortier . . ." is in Delisle's ^i?as nouveau . . . Amsterdam, 17.13, v. 2, no. 
[56] This atlas has an elaborately engraved title-page by Romein de Hooghe 
withtitle Atlas novus ad itsum serenissimi Burgundisudricis. — AtlasfranfoisaV usage 
de monseigneur le due de Bourgogne contenant les cartes et des empires, monarchies, 
royaumes, et elats du monde. 

It is also under Delisle's name in an atlas by J. C6ven8 & C. Mortier, 1730-39, 
entitled Nieuwe Atlas, described in title 576, of Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases. 
Consult title 136 for references to the Sanson family. 

1656 

Sanson, Nicolas, d' Abbeville, 1600-1667. 

Mexique, on Nouvelle Espagne, nouv"^ Gallice, lucatan &c. et 
autres Provinces jusques a I'lstlmie de Panama; ou sont Les 
Audiences de Mexico, de Guadalaiara, et de Guatimala. Par N 
Sanson d'Abbeville geographe ord''® du Roj". A Paris. Chez 
Pierre Mariette, Rue S' lacque a I'Esperance Avecq Priuilege du 
Roy: pour vingt Ans. 16561 Somer Sculp. 55.5 x 37 cms. 1 
cart, colored outline. 

Influenced as to the Florida territory occupied by the French in 
1562-64 by Mercator's Virginiae item et Floridae . . . nova 
descriptio, 1606. wl 146 

Note. — This map and the following were probably taken from the edition of 

1658. 

Consult title 136 for the various editions of Sanson and notes relating to his maps. 

An impression of this map with same date is in his atlas of 1675, for a description 

of which consult PhilKps's List of Geographical Atlases, no. 486. 

For notices of the Sanson family consult title no. 136. 

1656 

Sanson, Nicolas, d'Abbeville, 1600-1667. 

Le Xouveau Mexique, et La Floride: Tirees de diverses cartes et 
Relations. Par N. Sanson d'Abbeville Geogr ord"'^ du Roy. A 
Paris. Chez Pierre Mariette, Rue S. lacque a I'Esperance. Avec 
Privilege du Roy, pour vingt ans. 1656. Somer Sculp. 54.7 x 
31.5 cms. Colored outline. 1 cartouch. 



148 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Sanson, Nicolas — Continued. 

This map (?) in reference to De Soto's route in "Route of De 
Soto" by Lewis in Pubs. Miss. Hist. Soc. 1902, p. 451. wl 147 

Note. — This map and the above were probably taken from the edition of 1658. 
Consult title 13G for the various editions of Sanson and notes relating to his maps. 
An impression of this map with same date is in his atlas of 1675, for a description 
of which consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, no. 486. 
For notices of the Sanson family consult title no. 136. 

1657 

Sanson, Nicolas, d' Abbeville, 1600-1667. 

Audience de Guadalajara, Nouveau Mexique, Califomie, &c. 
Par N. Sanson d'Abbeville Geogr. ordin du Roy. A Paris chez P. 
Marietta ... 24 x 20.5 cms. 1 cartouche. 

In his L'Amerique en plvsievrs cartes. Paris, I'Avthevr. No. 5. 

Reproduced in La Croix (A. Pherotee de la) Algemeene Weereld 
Beschryving. Amsterdam, 1705. Vol. iir. bet. pp. 352-353. 

WL 148 

Note. — This map is found in the first edition of Sanson's atlas above mentioned, 
1657, and also in the various other editions as described in titles 1151-1153 of 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 
It is also given in Luyts' atlas of 1692,asdescribedin title 511 of the same "List." 

1657 

Sanson, Nicolas, d'Abheville, 1600-1667. 

La Floride. Par N. Sanson d'Abbeville Geogr. ord"* du Roy. 
A Paris Chez I'Autheur aux Galleries de Louvre. Avec Pri. pour 
20 ans. 1702. Undated. 25.5 x 18 cms. 1 cart. 

In his L'Amerique en plvsievrs cartes. Paris, 1657. No. 3. 

Reproduced in ibid, vol. iii. bet pp. 340-341. wl 149 

Note. — The edition found in this collection has the date 1702 concealed Ln the 

ornamental work at the base of the cartouche. 

This impression differs from earlier editions only in the place of publication 

and date. 

The map is found in the first edition of Sanson's atlas, above mentioned, 1657, 

and also in the various other editions as described in titles 1151-1153 of PhiUips' 

List of Geographical Atlases. It is also given in Luyts' atlas of 1692, as described 

in title 511 of the same "List." 



Doncker, Hendrik. 

Pascaart vertooncnde de Zeecusten van Chili, Peru, Hispania, 
Nova, Nova Granada, en California, 't Amsterdam, by Hcndrick 
Doncker Boeckverkooper inde Nieuwe brugh steegh in t' Stuiermans 
gereedtschap. 54.5 x 43.2 cms. Colors. Cartouche. Undated. 

In De Zee-Atlas Ofte Water Wsereld . . . Amsterdam, Hendrik 
Doncker . . . Anno 1660. Appears to be based on Janssen's 
Insulae of 1642. Uses Spanish names. wl 150 



THE LO'WERY COLLECTION 149 

Note. — See a description of the atlas containing this map, no. 27, in Phillips' 
List of Geographical Atlases, title 468. 

Consult a notice of Doncker, in A. J. van der Aa's Biographisch woordenboek der 
Nederlanden. 8°. Haarlem, 1S3S. v. 4, p. 243. 



Doncker, Hendrik. 

Pascaerte A-ande ( 'aribisclie Eylanden, vande Barbados tot aende 
Bocht van Mexico t' Amsterdam, By Hendrick Doncker inde Xieu- 
brugh steegh int Stuurmans Gereeschap. 53.5 x 43.2 cms. Colors. 
Cartouche. Undated. 

In " De Zee-Atlas Of te water-Waereld " . . . Amsterdam, Hen- 
drik Doncker, . . . Anno 1660. wl 151 
Note. — This map dated 1658 is found in the atlas described above in title 150. 



Nicolosi, Giovanni Battista, 1610-1670. 

Mexicvm In hac forma in lucem edebat loannes Baptista Xico- 
losivs S. T. D. [In four sheets, each 46.3 x 39.8 cms.] wl I5la 

Note. — This map is taken from his Dell'HercoU e studio geografico . . . 1660. 
It is also found in his Eercvles, Sicvlvs sivi stvdivm geographicvm . . . 1670- 
1671. 

For a description of these two atlases, consult Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases, titles 467 and 482. 

See extensive notice of Nicolosi's life in Mongitore's Bibliotheca sicula. 1707, 
pp. .332-S.S4. 

Woltersdorf in his Repcrtoriwn der land- und seekarten, p. 104, describes the 
DelV Hercole e studio geografico . . . 1660. 

D'Avezac in his Coup d'ceil historique sur la projection des cartes, p. 342, note, 
Nicolosi's works. 



Blaeu, Joan, 1596-1673. 

Yirginiifi partis australis et Floridae partis orientaUs, interjacen- 
tiumqj regionum Xova Descriptio. 50 x 38.5 cm. Colors. 2 
cartouches. Unsigned, undated. 

In his Atlas major, sive cosmographia Blaviana. Amst. J. Blaeu, 
1662. vol. 11, "America," pp. 41-42. This map is given by Gui- 
liehnus Blaeu, 1644, which see, and then republished about 1710 
(iluller's date) vdih. same title and in lower r. h. cor. " Amstelsedami 
apud Gerarduni Valk, et Petrum Schenk" ; by Carolus Allard, 1696 ; 
first (?) by Jansson, 1642 (which see) Reproduced, reduced by 
Montanus, 1671. vtl 152 

Note.— This map is also fotind described in the notes of titles 126 and 143. 
For references to the Blaeu family see title 119. 

Foran interesting description of this edition consult DaAid Clement. Bioliothlqu£ 
curieuse historique et critique ... a Uannover, 175S, »:. 4, p. 271-92. 
For references to other impressions of this map consult Phillips's List of Geo- 
graphical Atlases. 



150 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Blaeu, Joan — Continued. 

A very complete description is also found in E. G. ^^■oltersdorf'^ Eepertorium 
der land- und seekarten . . . Wien, 1813, pp. 90-93. 

In The genesis of South Carolina, 1.562-1670, edited . . . by William A. Courlenay 
. . . 1907 is a reprint of William Hilton's A relation of a discovery lately made 
on the coast of Florida, originally printed in 1664. This contains a map "from 
Cape Hattera8li[!] Lat: 35:30'. To ye west of Cape Roman in Lai: 32.30' In 
ye yeare 1662 And layd Down in the forme as you see by Nicholas Shapley of 
the town aforesaid Nouember: 1662." Reproduced from British Museum 
Add. Ms. 5415, G A. 

1665? 

Du Val, Pierre, d'Ahheville, 1619-1684. 

La Floride. Par P. Du Val. G. O. D. R. (Undated) 11.7 x 
about 9.5 cms. Has two names in part exterior to this measure- 
ment. 

Plate is 13 x 10.2 cms. (Paris Bib. Nat. Cartes) lc 153 

Note. — This map is found in the work described in title 481 of Phillips' List 
of Geographical Atlases: Le Monde ov la geographievniverselle . . . par P. Dv-X'dl 
. . . Paris, 1670, v. 1, bet. pp. 54-55. First published in 1658. 
The following notice of Du Val is from Augusta Jal's Dictionnaire critique de 
biographie et d'histoire . . . 2d ed. Paris, 1872, p. 521: 

"II avait une charge de 'conseiller du Roy', ce qui ^tait fort ordinaire, et une 
de 'g^ographe du Roy', ce qui I'^tait moins. II avait ^pous^ Marie Desmaretz, 
qui, le dimanche 9 mars 1659, lui donna un fils, baptists le lendemain k St- 
Barth^lemy sous le nom de Henry, tenu par Francois le Bouteiller, marquis 
de Moussy, et par Marie Leloup, dame de Bellenave. On le fait naltre k 
Abbeville, en 1618, et mourir h. Paris en 1683; je u'ai pu verifier ces deux 
dates. II 6tait parent des Sanson, g^ographes c^lfebres. Ses travaux eont 
encore estim^s; ils sent considerables par le nombre et I'importance. II 
mourut en f^vrier 1684. ( Mercure Galant) " 
See also title 154. 



Du Val, Pierre, d' Abbeville, 1619-1684. 

La Floride Franpoise. Dressee sur la Relation des Voiages que 
Ribaut, Laudonier, et Gourgues y ont faits en 1562. 1564. et 
[^1567. Par P. Du-Val, Geographe du roy. 23 x 16 cms. Undated. 
In Diverses Cartes et Tables pour la Geographie Ancierme. 
.;. . Par P. Du Val . . . Paris . . . 1665. Largely influenced by 
Gerard Mercator's Virguiiae item et Floridae . . . nova descriptio, 
1606. (Which see) wl 154 

Note . — A copy of this map is in the Library of Congress and described in Phillips' 

List of Geographical Atlases, title 171, where the date is given as 1669? This 

date appears on numbered leaf 14, in that portion of the work entitled: La 

chronologie en plusieurs tables. 

A reproduction is found in The genesis of South Carolina 1562-1670, edited . . . 

by William A. Courtenay . . . 1907, bet. pp. xxxn-xxxnr. 

Biographie universelle (Michaud) 1855, in a detailed notice of Du Val, dates 

this work as in the above title, 1665. It also gives the date of his death aa 1683. 

Consult also title 1-53. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 



151 



Gogs, Pieter. 

Paskacrte Van Nova Granada, en t'Eylandt California. t'Am- 
sterdani by Pieter Goos op't Waaler inde Vergulde Zeespiegel A? 

1665. 54 X 44.1. Colored outline. 2 colored cartouches. 

In Ms De Zee-Atlas ofte Water-Wereld. fol. t'Amsterdam, 

1666. ^^ 1'55 
Note.— See titles 473 and 474 in Phillips' List oj Geographical Atlases, for a 
description of the atlas from which this map is taken. For references to Pieter 
Goos see title 132. 

1666 
Gods, Pieter. 

Pascaerte Van Westindien De Vnste Kusten en de Eylanden. 
55 X 45 cms. 1 col. cart. Unsigned, undated. 

In De Zee-Atlas Ofte Water-Weereld . . . t'Amsterdam, By 
Pieter Goos, . . . 1666. 

Inset in 1. 1. h. cor. " Het Canael Tusschen Havana aein Cuba en 
de Tortugas en Martyres aen Cabo de la Florida in Groot besteck." 
10.2 X 9.7. Shows Florida peninsula and Gulf coast. LC 156 

Note.— See titles 473 and 474 in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, for a 
descript ion of the atlas from whence this map is taken . For references to Pieter 
Goos see title 132. 

1667 
Blaeu, Joan, 1596-1673. 

Insulae Americanae in Oceano Septentrionali, cimi terris adia- 

centibus. 51 x 38 cms. Unsigned, undated. In Blaeu (W. J.) 

and Blaeu (Joan) Le Grand Atlas, ov, Cosmographie Blaviane, 

contenant I'Amerique. Amsterdam, J. Blaeu, 1667. Vol. 12. 

bet. pp. 83-84. I think the same plate with same title is used by 

Jansson 1642; Visscher 1680 (?); Valck and Schenk 1710 (?) A 

reduced copy by Montanus. lc 157 

Note. — For a complete description of the Library of Congress copy of the 

atlas containing this map, see Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 479. 

For other impressions of this map see also titles in this work, 125, 129, 142. 

For references to the Blaeu family see title 119. 

1667 
Blaeu, Joan, 1596-1673. 

Virginiae partis austrahs, et Floridse partis orientahs, interjacen- 
tiumcj} regionum nova descriptio. 38 x 50.8 cms. Unsigned, 
undated. 

In Le grand Atlas, ov, Cosmographie Blaviane, contenant 

I'Amerique. Amsterdam, J. Blaeu, 1667. vol. xii. bet. pp. 

25-26. See this map with same title and dimensions by Jan 

Jansson, 1653; and with same title in ilontanus, 1671. lc 1.58 

Note. — For a complete description of the Library of Congress copy of the 

atlas containing this map see Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 479. 

For earlier impressions of this map see titles in this work, 126, 130, 143, 152. 

Consult title 119 for references to the Blaeu family. 



152 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1667 

Carte du Golfe du Mexique, et ties Isle de rAmerique, 1667. Ms. 
No name or place. Anonymous. 81.2 x 46 cms. 

Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. H\^d. Paris. 140-i-i- 
Shows the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Peninsula, but the latter 
with only three or four names. lc 159 

Note. — Photographic reproduction made from the original is in the Library of 
Congress. 

1669 

Colom, Jan Aertsz, b. 1599. 

De Eylanden ende Vastlanden van Westintlien op de Noordzee. 
53 X 38 cms. Unsigned, undated. 

In his Atlas Maritimo o Mundo Aquatico . . . fol. Amsterdam, 
1669. 

Shows Florida peninsula and the coast of part of West Florida. 
Coast names only. lc 160 

Note. — The atlas in which this map is found is described in Phillips' List of 
Geographical Atlases, title 4^0. 

Consult a notice of Colom's life in A. J. van der Aa's Biographisch woordenboek 
. . . V. 3, p. 626; and a list of his works in P. A. Tiele'a Nederlandsche bihlio- 
graphie van land- en volkenkunde . . . Amsterdam, 1884, pp. 62-64- 

1670? 

Du Val, Pierre, d' Abbeville, 1619-1684. 

L'Amerique Fran^oise Ob. sont decrites — La France Nouuelle — 
La France Insulaire — La France Equinoctiale — et autre pais par 
P. Du Val d'Abbeuille Geographe du Roy A Paris Chez Gerard 
JoUain rue St. Jaques a la ville de Cologne Auec Priuilege du Roy- 
pour 20 ans. 46 x 37 cms. LTndated. 

Shows Florida peninsula and country to the nortii of it entitled 
Florida. 161 

Note. — For references to Du Val consult title 153 and 154. 
Harrisse in his Notes pour servir a Vhistoire, a la bibliographie et a la cartographic 
de la Nouvelle- France et des paijs adjacents, 1545-1700 . . . Paris, 1872, gives 
the title of this map p. 218, title 274, without date and "CI. Jollain " as publisher. 
The title is also given under date of 1695 in Dionne's Chronological inventory of 
maps, plans and aliases relating to New France and the province of Quebec — 
1508-1908, p. SS, title 189. The publisher is also given here as "CI. Jollain." 
The date however of 1695 is erroneous. 

1670? 

Roggeveen, Arend, d. 1679. 

Caerte vande Cust Van Florida tot de Vcrginis Streckemle van 
Cabo de Canaveral tot Baya de la Madelena. 53 x 41 cms. Col- 
ored outline. 2 colored cartouches, unsigned, undated. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 153 

From De Zee Atlas ofte Water Weereld (?) by Pieter Goos (1st Ed. 
1666 & 1669 & 1670 & 1676; nut in 66 edit., nor 69, nor in 1676. 
Not in Brit. Mus. Cat^) \tl 162 

Note. — For references to Pieter Goos see titles 132 and 155. 
This map was erroneously attributed in this work to Pieter Goos. It is found 
in Arend Roggeveen's Het eerste deel van het brandende veen, verlkhtende alle de 
vasle kustcn ende cylanden van gcheel West-Indien ofte rio Amasones . . . 
[IGlo] The date, 1675 is at the end of the dedication. Engraved title-page, 
colored, containing portrait of Roggeveen. Few copies of this work were pub- 
lished, of which there was no continuation. 

Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Aliases, for a full description of this work. 
See also Tiele's Nederlandsche bibliographie ... p. 20o. 

Consult an extensive life of Roggeveen in A. J. van der Aa's Biographisch 
woordenboik . . . pp. 4'23-4'2.5. 

1670 

Ruesta, Sebastian de, d. 1674. 

Latroon en tot de Spanesche Westindisclie C'ardt van Sebastian 
de Ruesta 1670. Ms. 43.3 x 33 cms. 

Original in Brit. Mus. Add. Mss. 5027, no. 45. 

This is a map of the Gulf Coast, the peninsula of Florida and the 
Atlantic coast to beyond Cape Cod. Fairly good of Florida but 
Muspa is up the west coast. An interesting map. Will bear re- 
ducing one half. 163 

Note. — The map here described is probably the one in don Pascual de Gayan- 

g6s, Catalogue of the manuscripts in the Spanish language in the British Mttseum. 

V. 2, p. 458, Add. 6027 A, Paper, large folio xvii cent.; no. 22-5. 

The following note in Frontilres entre le Brcsil ct la Guyane Fran^ise. Second 

memoire . . . v. 6 . . . Atlas . . . Paris, 1S99, described in Phillips' List of 

Geographical Atlases, no. 2720, is on a reproduction of that portion of Ruesta's 

map which comprises the north coast of South America. The title is the 

same as the British Museum title: 

"Copie hollandaise d'une carte marine dont I'original parait perdu, Mus^e 

Britannique, Add. Ms. 5027 A. Titre: Carta nautica del Mar Castas y Islas de 

his Indias Occidentales, cmendada por Sebastian de Ruesta, natural de ^aragoga, 

Cosmographo, fabricador de instrumentos mattematicos por Su Magd en la Casa 

de la Contraclacion de la ciudad de Sevilla . . . 

" Le titre finit en disant que cette carte fut 'examinee, corrigh et consultee par 

Messieurs le President et les Jugcs de la susdite Casa de Contraclacion,' le Comte 

de Villahumbrosa etant President. Cette demifere indication ^tablit la date 

de la carte, car le Comte de Villahumbrosa a et6 President depuis le 15 Novem- 

bre 1654 jusqu'au 19 Dtcembre 1662. Au sujet de la Casa de la Contraclacion 

voir le ler M(^'moire de la France, T. i., pp. 246 k 248 (Fondation du service 

cartographique de Seville) 

" La Bale de I'Oyapoc y est nomm^e Baie de Vincent Pinfon. A c6t6 se trouve 

le cap d'Orange. C'est done un document decisif pour montrer quelle 6tait la 

Riviere de Vincent Pinjon des plus anciennes cartes de 'I'ecole s^villane.'" 

Navarrete, in his Biblioleca maritima espanola, pp. 709-710, has this information 

relating to Ruesta: 

"Carta nautica del mar, con las costas 6 islas de las Indias Occidentales. Ms. 

castellano. El continuador del Epitome de Bib. de Pinolo, tom. 2.°, col. 1087; 



154 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Ruesta, Sebastian de — Continued. 

y Huerta, Bib. mil. espanola, pdg. 118. D. Pedro Nunez de Guzman, marques 
de Montealegre, conde de Villaumbrosa, siendo asistente de Sevilla, la enmendo, 
ye Btaba en su libreria, segun Pardo en su Catdlo^o. 

"Hoy no estdn en uso (decia Veitia, Norte de la Contratacion, lib. 2, cap. 11, 
niim. 20) en le que mira al punto de marcar los instrumentos ni sellar la carta 
porque comunmente se usa en la navegacion de los que el cosmografo de la 
casa hace 6 enmienda, y de la carta que impHmio Sebastian de Ruesta, que 
habiendo precedido rigurosa y competida censura, fuc aprobada 6 impresa; y 
aunque esta ocupacion, demAs del sueldo que tiene, suele ser de algunos 
aprovechamientos per razon de los instrumentos y cartas que vende, es co'sa 
muy moderada; y por cebar las agujas con la piedra iman de la casa, no ha de 
Uevar derechos ni otra cosa alguna." 

"El Sr. Cean Bermudez, en Ms. de Notidas exactas de los primeros argonautas, 
pilotos y cosmdgra/os de Indias, su fecha en Sevilla 18 de octubre 1805, dice, 
pag. 63: 'Sebastian de liucsta, cosmografo. Por Real cedula dada en Madrid 
a 30 de junio de 1652 se le nombro cosmografo de la contratacion de Sevilla y 
fabricador de instrumentos de nave gacion por muerte de Juan de Herrera 
Aguilar con el sueldo que este gozaba. — Por otra, fecha en el Buen-Retiro & 
3 de Julio de 1567, se mand6 pagarle su sueldo en Real hacienda, por no haber 
fondos en la contratacion, en atencion & sus m^ritos, y d haber grabado en 
planchas de cebre la carta de marear, A fin de hacerla comun, evitando la 
necesidad de buscar cartas de navegacion los pilotos en los extranjeros. Para 
ayuda de abrir estas cartas laminas se le dieron 1,200 pesos, — Por otra, dada en 
el Buen-Retiro d 3 de julio de 1657, se senal6 la mitad de su sueldo & su mujer 
Doiia Isabel Correa en caso de quedar viuda. — Fu6 tambien arquitecto, y traz6 
y construyo la iglesia de los clerigos menores de Sevilla.' — Era difimto en 
1G74." 

1671 

Montanus, Arnoldus, 1625 ?-1683. 

Virginise partis australis, et Floridas partis Orientalis, intcrjacen- 
tiumqj regionum Nova Descriptio. 35.5 x 28.8 cms. 2 car- 
touches. Unsigned, undated. 

In his De Nieuwe en Onbekende Wecreld : of Bcschry vuig van 
America en't Zuid-land . . . Amsterdam, Jacob Meurs, 1671. 
pp. 142-143. 

This is a reduced reprint of Jansson's map of 1642 having the 
same title (which see) and is based on Mercator's Virginiac item 
et Floridae . . . nova descriptio, 1606. See it reproduced by 
Jansson 1653 and Blaeu 1667. wl 164 

Note. — A copy of the work containing this map is in the Library of Congress. 
Montanus' De nieuwe en onbekende weereld (see Sabin p. 303) is evidently 
a compilation made up of material relating to America and collected from 
many sources. Most of the maps are taken from de Laet's Nieuwe wereldt 
ofte beschrijvinghe van West Indien. Leyden, 1625. The views of cities 
are probably taken from De voomaemste steden des werelts. — The principal 
cities of the world, 't Anist., bij Gens^t ran Schagen by de Nieuwe Baerlemmer 
Slugs in de Stuennan S. a. (See Tiele, P. A. Nederlandsche bibliographic, 
p. ZSl) Schagen is supposed to have died in 1668. This book is not in the 
Library of Congress. The other plates are probably taken from de Bry, Hulsius 
and other writers on America. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 155 

John Ogilby's "America," London, 1671, is an english translation of Montanus, 
the maps and plates being identical, with a few exceptions, in the two editions. 
There is also a german translation by O. Dapper, which was published in 1673. 
All the maps, views, plates, etc. having been collected from many sources 
were re-engraved for Montanus by Jacob van Meurs, whose name in one copy 
is attached as author to the map of America. This same map is found in another 
copy of the book in the Library of Congress with the author "G. A. Schagen." 
The same map is in Ogilby's english edition with Ogilby as author. This map 
was originally taken from Visscher's Novi Belgii, etc. 

A good description of this work of Montanus is found on pp. 19-23 of Asher'a 
Bibliographical and historical essay on the dutch books and pamphlets relating to 
New Netherlands, etc. 

The life of Montanus with extensive descriptions of his writings is found in 
van der .Va's Biographisch woordenboek der Nederlanden, v. 12, '2d part, pp. 
1006-1009. The same volume, page 749, gives a notice of the life of Jacob van 
Meurs, in which his connection with the works of Montanus is mentioned. For 
other accounts of Jacob van Meurs, see Nagler's Neues Allgemeines kunstler- 
lericon, v. 9, p. 204, and MuUer's Allgemeines kiinstlcr-lexicon, v. 3, p. 188. 
Nagler gives a list of his most important portrait engravings.] 
O'Callaghan's Documentary history of the state of New York, Albany, 1851, 
V. 4, pp. IIS-ISI, contains a translation of the portion of Montanus relating to 
New Netherlands. Here also is reproduced the view of New Amsterdam. 
The work of Montanus is profusely illustrated, containing engraved title-page, 
16 maps, 7 portraits, 70 plates and 29 plans of cities. Among the plans of 
cities of especial interest to America is the city of old Mexico, and also New 
Mexico, Arx Carolina or Charlestown, S. C, New Amsterdam or New York, 
Pagus Hispanorum or St. Augustine, Habana, Porto Rico, Acapulco &c. 
Among the portraits are those of Columbus, Vespucius, Magellan, Athabaliba, 
Montezuma, Pizarro. After the "bladwyzer," or index, is a list of the various 
authors consulted in the compilation of this work, entitled " Namen der schrijvere 
in het tegenevoordig werk aengetoogen." Among these we notice van der 
Donk, Herrera, de las Casas, Wytfliet, (Jarcilassus de la Vega, Hugo Grotius, 
Linschoten, de Laet, Peter Martyr, Samuel Purchas, Thevet, etc. 

1671 

Montanus, Arnoldus, 1625 ?-1683. 

Insula? Americanse in Oceano Septentrional!, cum Terris adia- 
centibus. 36.2 x 28.5 cms. 2 cartouches, unsigned, undated. 

In his De Xieuwe en Onbekende Weereld: of Beschryring van 
America en't Zuid-land . . . t'Amsterdam, Jacob Meurs, 1671. 
pp. 172-173. 

This is a reduced copy of Jansson, 1642, with same title. Uses 
Spanish names for Florida coast. wl 165 

Note. — Consult note to 164 for references to this work and author. 

1672 
Doncker, Hendrik. 

Pascaerte vande Caribische Eylanden, vandc Barbados tot aende 
Bocht van Mexico t' Amsterdam. By Hendrick Doncker inde 
Nieubrugh steegh int Stuurmans Gereeschap. 54 x 34.2 cms. 
Undated. 



156 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Doncker, Hendrik — Continued. 

In L'Atlas de la Mer, ou, Monde Aquaticque. Amsterdam, Chez 
Pieter Goos, 1672. 

Shows Florida and Gidf of Mexico with coast names onh^ 166 

Note. — The Library of Congress has the dutch editions of Doncker's Zee-atlas 
of 1660 and 1665. The map here mentioned is found in the 1660 edition, dated 
1658. It is also found in Goos' Zee-atlas, 1666. Consult Phillips' List of Geo- 
graphical Atlases, title 468, 472, and 473. For references to Doncker consult title 
150 of this work. 

Bierens de Haan, in his Bibliographie neederjandaise, under Pieter Goos, men. 
tions a french edition of his Zee-atlas of 1673. 

Muller, in his Catalogue, 1877, under Goos, mentions this same edition with 
the same 41 maps as in the dutch edition, but the introductory text in french. 

1672 
Lederer, John. 

A map of the whole territory traversed by lohn Lederer in his 
three marches. Cross sculpsit. 20..5 x 16.7 cms. Unsigned, un- 
datetl. 

In The discoveries of John Lederer, in three several marches 
from Virginia, to the west of Carolina and other parts of the con- 
tinent," begun in March 1669, and ended in September 1670 . . . 
Collected and translated out of I^atine from his Discourse and 
writings, by Sir William Talbot. Tom. 4. London, printed by 
J. for S. Heyrick, 1672. 

See Speed's map, 1676, & Brit. Mus. Note BK. p. 7. Shows 
northern part of Florida. 

His reputed expedition to Carolina a fiction (American Anthro- 
pologist, N. S. Vol. V, No. 4, 1903) See also Science, N. S. 
Vol. XXI, pp. 863-867, June 2, 1905, for origin of names. lc 167 

Note. — A copy of this work with the map is in the Library of Congress, also 
the Charleston, S. C, reprint of 1891 and the Rochester, N. Y., of 1902. A 
reproduction of the map is in Francis L. Ilawks, History oj North Carolina . . . 
1858, V. 2; also the book and map are in The genesis of South Carolina, 1562-1670, 
edited . . . by William A. Courtney . . . 1907, pp. 131-177. 

1674 

Sans<3n, Nicolas, d'Ahbeville, 1600-1667. 

Mappe-monde Geo-Hydrograpliiqiie, ou Description Generale 
du Globe Terrestre et Aquatique en Deux Plans-H§mispheres; oh 
sont exactement remarquees en G6n6ral Toutes les Parties de la 
Terre et de I'Eau, suivant les relations les plus nouvelles. Par le 
Sj Sanson, geographe Ordinaire du Roy. 1674. Presente a 
raonseigneur le Dauphin par . . . Hubert laillot. a Paris . . . 
1674. Cordier Sculp. 89 x 54 cms. 2 cart. avl iu8 

Note.-— This and the following map, dated 1674, are probably taken from a 
Sanson-Jaillot atlas published about that time. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 157 

The earliest atlas of Sanson-Jaillot containing these maps, both dated 1684, 
is described under datn 1689-1690, title 503 of Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases. 

See title 524 of that "List" for the atlas dated 1696 containing the same map 
with the same date. 

Henrj' Harrisse, in his Notes pour scrvir a Vhistoire, 4 la bibliographie et a la 
cartoffraphie de la Nourelle Frav^e . . . Paris, 1872, p. 232, no. S44, gives as a 
separate the map described in title no. 169 of this list, which seems to belong 
to the same series as this. 

Woltersdorf, in his Bepertorium . . . Wien, 1S13, p. 105, gives 1689 for the 
earliest dated Sanson-Jaillot atlas. 

For articles in connection \rith the Sanson family consult title 145. 
Auguste Jal, in his Dictionnaire critique . . . 2e. ed. 1872, in a notice of the 
Jaillot family says that this Jaillot was bom about 1632 and not in 1640 as is 
stated below by Michaud in his Sio^apAw; w/iuersf/^c . . . Paris, 1858, v. 20, p. 
525. "Jaillot (Hubert-Alexis), geographe, nd vers 1640 au petit village d'Av-ig- 
non pres de Saint-Claude, en Franche-Comte, montra des son enfance un gout 
naturel pour les arts du dessin, et apprit la sculpture de son frere Simon, artiste 
distingu6 dont on a plusieurs morceaux estimes des connaisseurs (1) Les deux 
freres vtnrent a Paris en 1657, et ne tardferent pas a s'y faire xme certaine repu- 
tation. Hubert epousa la fille de Bercy, enlumineur de cartes, et cette cir- 
constance le determina . des lors a s'appliquer a la geographie. II publia, 
en 1668 et 1669, les Quatre parties du monde, d'aprfes Blaeu; et il acquit ensuite 
des Sansons les dessins de plusieurs cartes nouvelles qu'il grava avec beaucoup 
de nettete: il obtint en 1675 le titre de geographe ordinaire du roi, travailla 
sans relache k augmenter sa collection de cartes, et mourut a Paris en 1712, 
dans un age avance. Le portrait d'llubert Jaillot a ^t^ grave in-fol. d'apres 
C. Vermeulen. — Bernard-Hyacinthe, son fils, mort en 1739, et Bemard-Antoine, 
son petit-fils, mort le 16 juillet 1749, ont ^te I'lm et I'autre geographes du roi, 
et ont cooper6 a la formation de I'Atlas qui porte le nom des Jaillot, ou celui 
d' Atlas franfais, 2 vol. in-fol.; on trouvera la liste des pieces dont il se compose 
dans le tome premier de la Methode pour etitdier la geographie, par Lenglet- 
Duiresnoy. Le morceau le plus important de cette collection est la carte 
topographique du comt6 de Namur, en douze feuilles, lev^e geometriquement 
et publiee en 1750; elle est encore estimee, quoique moins recherch^e depuis 
qu'on a la grande carte de la Belgique (voy. Ferraris)" 

1674 

Sanson, Nicolas, d'Ahhevillf, 1600-1667. 

Ainerique Septentrionale divisee en ses principales parties, ou 
soiit (listingues les vns des autres les Estats suivant qu'ils appar- 
tiennent presentemet aux Francois, Castillans, Anglois, Suedois, 
Danois, Hollandois. Tiree des Relations de toutes ces Nations. 
Par le S? Sanson, Geographe Ordinaire du R03-. Presentee h. 
Monseigneur le Davjiliin, par son tres-humble, tres-obeissant et 
tres-fidele Seruiteur, Hubert laillot. (And in 2d cartouche) A 
Paris Chez H. laillot joignant les grands Augustins, aux deux Globes. 
Auec Priuilege du Roy pour Vingt Ans. 1674. 87.8 x 55 cms. 
Colored outlines. 2 cartouches. 

With follow-ing title exterior to above measurements: L'Ameri- 
que Septentrionale divisee en ses principales parties sfauoir Les 



158 LIBRARY OF- CONGRESS 

Sanson, Nicolas — Continued. 

Terres Arcticques, le Canada, ou Nouvelle France, Le Mexique ou 
Nouvelle Espagne, Le Nouveau Mexique, Les Isles de Terre 
Neuve, de Californie, et Antilles, ou sont distingues les uns des 
autres Les Estats comme ils sont possedes presentement par les 
Franfois, CastiUans, Anglois, Suedois, Danois, et par les Estats 
Generaux des Provinces Vnies ou Hollandois. Tiree des Relations 
de toutes ces Nations, Par le S- Sanson Geographe ordinaire du 
Roy. 1G74. 

There is another edition of this dated 16S5, same publisher, H. 

Jaillot. WL 169 

Note. — This map is described in the note to.the preceding map. See title 168. 

1675 

Piano del castUlo que se fabrica de horden de S. M. en el Presidio 
de San Augustin de la Florida a Cargo de Don Pablo de hita y 
Salazar su Gobernador y Capitan Gral. y estado en que se halla la 
fabrica en Mayo de 1675. Ms. 21 x 30 cms. Unsigned. Colors. 
Anonymous. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Patronato. Est. 2; 
Caj. 4; Leg. 1/19; ramo 3. 

Accompanied by description. No. 68 in Lanzas, ".\Iapas de 
Mexico y Florida." Tome 1. lc 170 

Note. — A tracing of this is in the collection of the Library of Congress. 

See letters of Salazar, relating to the fortifications at St. Augustine, in 

Lowery, Manuscripts relating to the Spanish settlements. 1658-1676, v. 8. Also 

letters from Salazar, in The unwritten history of old St. Augustine, by A. M. 

Brooks, pp. 121-139. 

For references to plans of St. Augustine see titles 74, 76 and 78. 

1675 

Piano del Castillo que se fabrica de horden de S. M. en el Presidio 
de San Augustin de la Florida y de las cortaduras y defensas hechas 
por Don Pablo de hita y Salazar Gobernador y Capitan Gral. de 
San Agustin de la Florida, ano 1675. Ms. Unsigned. Anony- 
mous. 21 X 30 cms. Colors, description. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Patronato. Est. 2; 
Caj. 4; Leg. 1/19; ramo 3. 

No. 69 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. 

LC 171 

Note. — A tracing of this according to the original size is in the collection of 
the Library of Congress. 
Consult also title 170. 



THE LOWEEY COLLECTION 159 

1676 

Descripsion del fuertc Real que se fabiica en este Presidio de San 
Augustin de la Jlorida por orden de S. M. & cargo del Sargento 
mayor Don Pablo de Hita Salazar su Gobernador y Capitan 
General. Aiio de 1676, que lo estil continuando en 8 de Mayo de 
1676. Ms. 21 X 31 cms. Colors. Unsigned. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 143; Caj. 3; 
Leg. 13. 

Accompanies a letter of the said Governor. No. 70 in Lanzas, 
"Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. 172 

Note.— See note to title 170. 

1676 
Speed, John, 1552 ?-1629. 

A New Description of Carolina. Sold by The: Basset in Fleet- 
street and Ric: Cbiswell in S5 Pauls Churchyard. 50.5 x 37.5 cms. 
Unsigned, undated. 1 cartouche. 

In The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine By John 
Speede. London, 1676. bet. pp. 49-50. 

Influenced in respect to the southern part of the territory shown, 
i. e. the region occupied by the French in 1562-64, by Gerard 
Mercator's Virginias item et Floridae . . . nova descriptio, 1606; 
for the western part see John Lederer's Map of the whole 
territory traversed by John Lederer in his three marches, 1672. 

WL 173 
Note. — For a notice of Speed and the various editions of his work consult 
title 106. 

This map is a reprint of what is known as the "Lords Proprietors map" origi- 
nally made for Ogilby's America in 1671. A copy of the original map without 
date is in the Library of Congress and is entitled: A nev} description of Carolina 
by order of the Lords Proprietors. James Maxon scul. 
It has an inset showing the mouth of the Ashley and Cooper river. 
The following is taken from the Calendar of state papers. Colonial series. America 
and West Indies, 1669-1674- Preface, p. xxxviii. "There are in this volume 
references to several maps of the Colonies in America as well as of the West 
Indies. Sir Peter Colleton writes to ' his honoured friend John Locke ' that 
Mr. Ogilby is printing a relation of the West Indies, and wishes to get a map 
of Carolina, and he desires he will ask Lord Ashley for the maps of Cape Fear 
and Albemarle, so as to draw them into one with that of Port Royal and he 
will wait upon his lordship for the nomination of the rivers, &c. And Sir 
Peter adds, if Locke would draw up a discourse to be added to this map in 
the natm-e of a description, 'such as might invite people without seeming to 
come from us' it would very much conduce to the speedy settlement of Caro- 
lina (715). The Sieur Sanson published two maps of Carolina some years after 
Ogilby's map was printed, in which the several counties and some of the rivers, 
and capes are named after the Lords Proprietors, \-iz., Albemarle, A.shley, 
Berkeley, Clarendon, Carteret, Craven and Colleton. John Ogilby, waa 
appointed cosmographer to Charles II, and supplanted Sir William Davenant 



160 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Speed, John — Continued. 

as Master of the Revels in Ireland: he was also the originator of 'Paterson's 
Roads.' His 'Advertisement' at the end of this volume contains some 
of his contributions to cosmography and a list of the several atlases he was 
engaged upon. His map of Africa was published in 1670, America in 1671, and 
the first part of Asia in 1673, but his Description of the British Monarchy, referred 
to in his 'Advertisement,' was not published until 1675, under the title of 
'Britannia: a description of the kingdom of England and dominion of 
Wales.' All these maps are to be found in the British Museum. Ogilby 
died in 1676, and was buried in St. Bride's Church, Fleet Street." 
The map in this collection is copied from this map with the omission of the 
inset. A reproduction dated 1672 is found in the Charleston year booh for 1886. 
This same reproduction with the date 1672 is in The genesis of South Carolina, 
1562-1670, edited by William A. Courlenay. 1907. Bet. pp. 128-129. 
A small reproduction is in Francis L. Hawks, History of North Carolina. Con- 
sult a life of Ogilby, in the Dictionary of national biography. His work 
America, 1671, is simply a translation from Montanus. For references to 
Montanus con.siult title 164. 

1679 

Du Val, Pierre, d'Ahbeville, 161!)-168-i. 

L'Amerique Suivant les dernieres Kelations, auec les Routes que 
Ton tient pour Les Indes Occidentales, par P. Du-val Geographe 
Ordinaire du Roy. A Paris. Chez I'Auteur, en I'lsle du Palais. 
Sur le Quay de I'Orloge, proche le coin de la rue de Harlay. Auec 
priuilege de Sa Majeste pf vingt ans 1679. 104.6 x 39..5 cms 
(including border texts) wl 174 

Note.— This map is taken from Du Val's Cartes de giographie . . . 1688-[1689] 
nos. 11-14 of the Library copy described in Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases, title 501. It has border descriptive text, gives Lower California as an 
island and shows the routes of na\'igators. 
For references to Du Val consult title 153. 

1679 

Sanson, Nicolas, d' Abbeville, 1600-1667. 

Le Nouveau Mexique, et la Floride: Tirees do diverses Cartes, 
ot Relations. Par N. Sanson dAbbcville Geogr. ord" du Roy. 
A Paris, Chez lAutheur Re? Avec Privilege du Roy, pour vingt 
Ans. 1679. 54. .5 x 31.5 cms. Colored outhno. 1 cartouche. 

Identically the 1656 plate, with "Chez I'autheur Re?" inserted in 
the title. wl 175 

Note. — For references to the first impression of this map consult title 147 and 

for information relating to the Sanson family, title 136. 

This impression is possibly in the edition of Cartes generates de la geographie 

ancienne et nouvelle . . . 1679, mentioned in p. 105 of Woltersdorf's Reper- 

torium der land- und seeharten . . . Wien, 1813. 

This impression differs from the 1656 one only in the date 56 being changed 

to 79 and the abbreviation "Re?" being placed within (he statement "Avec 

privilege du Roy, pour ^^ngt ans." 

The Library of Congress has a copy with same alterations. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 161 

1679 

Sanson, Nicolas, d' Abbeville, 1660-1667. 

Les Isles Aiatilles &c. Entre lesquelles sent les Lvcayes, et lea 
Caribes. Par N, Sanson d'Abbeville Geogr. ord" du Roy. A 
Paris. Chez I'Autheur Auecq Privilege du Roy, pour vingt Ans. 
1679. 55 X .39 cms. Colored outline. 1 cartouche. 

I believe this is an earlier map with a slight change in the title; 
probably a 1656 map. wl 176 

Note. — Evidently taken from the same atlaa mentioned above, title 175, with 
the same alterations. 

168- 

Coronelli, Marco Vincenzo, 1650-1718. 

Le Xouveau Mexique appele aussi Nouvelle Grenade et Marata. 
Auec Partie de CaUfornie. Selon les Memoires les plus Novueaux 
(sic). Par le Pere CoronelH Cosmographe de la SS"" Republique 
de Venise. Corrigee at augmentee par S? Tillemon. A Paris, 
Chez J. B. Xohn sur le Quay de d'Horloge a I'Enseigne de la Place 
des Victoires. Auec Priuilege du Roy. 168 (sic) 59.5 x 44.8 
cms. 2 cartouches. lc 177 

Note. — The date of this map is probably 1688. This is confirmed by a state- 
ment in Coronelli's map, " L'Amcriqve Septentrionale," 1689, which is indexed 
under Du Tralage in title 192 of this work: "le P. Coronelli autheurde cette carte 
en a fail plusieurs autres de VAmcrique Septentrionale Scauoir le Canada le Xou- 
veau Mexique, I'Archipelague du Mexique ou sont les Isks Antilles etc." 
It is the same map as listed under Du Tralage in title 182. The map has 
considerable historical information. Lower California is called "Isle de 
CaUfornie" 

An imperfect draft, without Kohl's annotations is no. 288 of the Kohl Collection. 
There is a difference of opinion in regard to the author's given name — Brunet's 
Manuel du libraire, and British Museum catalogue use "Vincenzo Maria," and 
the author's signature to the dedication is the same. Bibliographers seem to 
have agreed on "Marco Vincenzo," notwithstanding the fact that the author 
himself is the best authority. It is probable that the error arose from changing 
the latin Marcus into the Italian Marco, instead of Maria. 

A notice of Jean Baptiste Nolin, 1657-1725, in Biographie universelle (Michaud) 
V. SI, p. IS, says: 

"II se livra au commerce d'estampes et y joignit celui des cartes de geogra- 
phic, en grava et mit au jour un grand nombre sous son nom; ellea 
ne manquent pas d'exactitude pour le temps ou elles parurent, surtout cellea 
qui portent le nom de Tillemon, c'est-i-dire de Nicolas de Tralage {voy. 
ce nom). Nolin avait, des son d^but, cherch^ a se lier avec des g^ographes de 
reputation. Coronelli {roy. ce nom) ayant obtenu a la fin de 1686 un privilege 
pour publier des cartes de sa composition, le ceda, des le 8 jan\'ier 1687, i Nolin, 
qui ne tarda pas a se brouiller avec lui, pr^tendant qu'il ne lui foumissait pas 
une quantite suSisante de dessins, conformement au march^ qu'ils avaient 
conclu. Le 5 mai 1690 le roi lui accorda un pri\dl&ge portant permission de 
graver ou faire graver plusieurs dessins. II en publia quarante avec le titre 
de I'un des graveurs du roi et de g^ographe de *eu Mgr le due d'Orleans." 
85241°— 12 11 



162 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

CoroneUi, Marco Vincenzo — Continued. 

Larousse in his Grand diclionnmre universel, 1874, v. 11, p. 1060, in a notice of 

Nolin, saj's: 

"Ayanteul'id^e de vendre dea gravures, Nolin ouvrit une boutique S, Paris, rue 

Saint-Jacques, i I'enseigne de la Place des Vicioires, puis il s'associa au g^ographe 

Coronelli, qui lui c^da son privil(5ge en 1687, et se niit k graver et k vendre des 

cartes geographiques. Ces cartes furent trfes recherch^es, tant pour leur nettet6 

que pour les omements que Nolin y joignait." 

A notice binder Nicolas de Tralage, Jean, died 1699, in Biographie universelle 

(Michaud) IK 30, p. 552, speaks of his publishing his maps always under the 

name of Tillemon and says: 

"Ce dernier avait fait une ample collection de cartes geographiques, oil Ton 

trouve toutes celles qui furent publi^es de son temps et notamment les Cartes 

de Nolin. La bibliotheque de Paris poss^de maintenant cette collection, 

provenant de I'abbaye de St- Victor et qui est rang^e dans un tr&s-bel ordre." 

Jacques Le Long, in his Bibliothique hislorique de la France . . . Nouvelle 

editwn . . . 1768, v. 1, p. 47, title 581, speaking of Coronelli's map of France, 

"Augment^e par le Sieur Tillemon: Paris, Nolin, 1694" says: 

"Jean Nicolas du Tralage, mort en 1696, s'est cach6 sous ce nom. II ^toit 

trfes-habile dans la G^ographie, qu'il avoit ^tudi^e avec soin." 

Auguste Jal, in his Dictionnaire critique ... 2c ed. 1872, pp. 4S0~431, has a 

notice of Coronelli, which describes especially his celebrated globes at Marly 

and his life in Paris. For other references to Coronelli, consult the following: 

Coronelli, Marco Vincenzo. Atlante Veneto . . . v. 1. 1691. [Review] 

[In Actorum erudelarum. 1692. Supplementa. v. 2, pp. 257-258] 

Biographische notiz von Vincenz Coronelli. 

[In Allgemeine geographische ephemeriden. 8°. Weimar, 1808. v. 26, pp. 480- 

482, portrait p. 398] 

Fiorini, Matteo. Vincenzo Coronelli ed i siioi globi cosmograjlci. Estrutto dalV 

Annuario astro-meteorologico, 1893. 8°. Venezia, 1892. 

Reviewed by Ruge in Petermanns mitteilungen. 189S. v. 39: Geographischer 

litteratur-berichtfiir 1893. p. 77, title 381. 

Gelcich, Eugen. Die globen des Vincenzo Coronelli. 

[In Das Ansland. 18 marz 1893. fol. Stuttgart, 1893. v. 66, nr. 11, pp. 172-173] 

Les globes de Coronelli a la bibliothique nationale. 

[In Magasin pittoresque. 1850. 8°. Paris, 1850. v. IS, p. 91] 

Jubinal, Achille, i. e. Michel Louis Achille. Les globes de Coronelli. [Lettre It 

m. le directeur de Voleur] 4°. Paris, 1850. 

Lahire, Philippe de. Description et explication des globes qui sont placis dans 

les pavilions du chateau de Marly, x, 96 pp. 8°. Paris, L. V. Thiboust, 1704. 

"Ces globes ont 6t6 commandos 4 Venise au c616bre cosmographe Franjois 

Vincent Coronelli par le cardinal d'Estr^es qui les pr^senta au roi Louis xiv en 

1704. Install^ d'abord k Marly, ils furent transport's en 1730 a la B. R. 

oil I'on construisit h. cet effet la salle qu'ils occupent encore. 

" II y a un globe terrestre et un globe celeste. Chacun d'eux a douze pieds de 

diam'tre; les m'ridiens, les horizons, les colonnes de support et les pieds sont 

de bronze cisel6." Qu: Valine's La Bibliothique nationale, p. 255. 

Extensively reviewed in Journal des sgavans. 1704. 16°. Amsterdam, 1704. 

V. 32 {pt. 2), pp. 1040-1047. 

Marcel, Gabriel. Note sur un plan de Paris de Coronelli. 

[In Socii'te de Vhistoire de Paris et de Vile de France. Bulletin. 21e annie 1894. 

8°. Paris, 1894. v. 21, p. 123] 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 163 



Thornton, John. 

A chart of the Island Cuba. The Gulf of Florida, with the 
Bahama Islands, and ye Windward Passage. 43 x 5.3.3 cms. 
Unsigned, undated. 

In American Maps. Vol. iv. Xo. 3.5. 

P. Lee PhiUips, in A List of Maps of America pp. 131, 253, gives 
London, about 1680. Attributed to John Thornton. Brit. Mus. 
gives date 1704? It shows the southern point of Florida and the 
Gulf of Florida between the Peninsula and the Bahamas. lc 178 

Note. — The American maps referred to form a miscellaneous collection in the 
Library of Congress, each separately described in Phillips' List of maps of 
America. 

1680? 

Visscher, Nikolaas, 1649-1709. 

Insulte Americanse in Oceano Septentrionali ac Regiones Adia^ 
centes a C. de Maj' uscjue ad Lineam ^Equinoctialem. Per Nico- 
laum Visscher, Cum Privilegio Ordinum HollandiaB et Westfrisise. 
55.6 X 45.6 cms. In colors. 2 cartouches. L'ndated. 

In "Atlas Elinor sive totius orbis terrarum contracta dehneatio 
ex conatibus Xic. Visscher. Amst. (cum 152 mappis color) date 
ca. 16S0?Brit. Mus. 

The same plate as that used in the "Atlas Minor" is used in 
Blaeu "Atlas mayor," 1665. Vol. xi "America," pp. 88-89, where 
the map is 56 x 45.7 cms. Brit. Mus. also gives 1649? as date? 
Hiersemann Katalog 279 dates tliis map ca. 1680. For the French 
names on the Florida coast Visscher appears to have based liis map 
on Mercator'sVirginiae itemet Floridae . . . nova descriptio 1606. 
The plate appears to be the same used with the same title by 
Jansson, 1642; Guihelmus Blaeu, 1644; Johaimis Blaeu, 1667; 
Valck and Schenk, 1710 ( ?) There is a reduced copy of the map 
by Montanus, 1671. wl 179 

Note. — As Visscher's atlases are never dated and his maps rarely so, it is diffi- 
cult to form a conclusion as to when his maps were published. The nearest 
approach to a positive date is found in an impression of this map in Abraliam 
Wolfgang's Atlas Minor, 1689, which is reviewed to this effect in Leclerc's 
BiblioMqw universelle, 1689, p. 294: 

"On met ici ce recueil de cartes parce que sans celS, on ne saiu^ait bien enten- 
dre les voiages. 11 seroit meme &, souhaiter que les voiageurs suffent en faire, 
au moina grossiferement ..." 

Consult PhilUps' Li^t of Geographical Atlases, title 502. 

This impression is found in Visscher's Atlas under 16907 in Phillips' List of 
Geographical Atlases, title 506, for the reason that the date 1678 is on map no. 44; 



164 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Visscher, Nikolaas — Continued. 

and the maps of the British Isles and of Burgundy are dedicated to William iii 

of England, whose reign began in 1689. 

For a list of Visscher'a atlases consult Tiele's Nederlandsche hihUo^raphie, p. 

25S. 

This map is also found in the Atlas minor . . . A Amsterdam chez la vere de 

Nicolas Visscher . . . described in title 336 of this work, and in various other 

atlases described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 



Wit, Frederik de. 

Indianim Occidentalium Tractus Littorales cum Insulis Cari- 
bicis (and in lower left hand comer) Pascaert van Westindien ende 
Caribise Eylanden t'Amsterdam Gedruckt by Frederick de Wit 
inde Klaverstraet inde Witte Pascaert. 56 x 48.2 cms. Undated. 
2 cart. 

Gives Gulf coast, Florida and Atlantic coast as far North as 40°, 
with mostly Spanish names. Coast names only. Is not found in 
the de Wit Atlas of 1690 (Brit. Mus. date) wl 180 

Note. — An impression of this map, dated 1675, is found in de Wit's Atlas, 
1675f described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 485. A repro- 
duction is found in the atlas to accompany Manuel Maria de Peralta's Limites 
de Costa-Rica y Colombia, 1890. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, 
title 2691. 

For a description of de Wit's Atlas major, and for a catalogue of his maps con- 
sult Nicolas Lenglet Dufresnoy's Methode pour etudier la geographie. 
For a list of his atlases consult Muller's Catalogue of books and pamphlets, atlases 
and maps . . . relating to North and South America . . . 1877, p. 207. 

1680 
Doncker, Hendrik. 

Paskaert A^ande Caeribes Eylanden als mede vande vast kust 
van caep Charles tot rio Gronoque en de bocht van Mexico 'T 
Amsterdam by Hendrick Doncker. 62.3 x 52.5 cms. Undated. 

In De Nieuwe Groote Vermeerderde Zee-Atlas ofte Water- 
Werelt . . . 't Amsterdam, by Hendrick Doncker, 16S0. 
Shows Florida peninsula and all of Gulf coast. There is a later 
edition of same work in 1693. lc 181 

Note. — According to the list of atlases by Doncker in Tiele's Nedeiiandsche 

bibliographie, the earliest mentioned is that of 16.59. 

MuUer in his Catalogue of boohs and pamphlets . . . relating to North and 

South America . . . Amsterdam, 1877, gives a list of Doncker'a sea-atlases, 

including the 16.59 edition which he calls the first, and says in reference to the 

1676 edition that it is "Quite another work as the preceding [1666] edition of 

Doncker. It is wholly based on Colom's Atlas, whose 6 maps of America are 

here reproduced." 

The last edition mentioned in this work is that of 1712. 

In Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, the editions of 1660 and 1665 are 

described in titles 468 and 472. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 165 

In the edition of 1660 is an impression of the above map, dated 1658, entitled 

" PascaerU vande Caribische eylanden, vande Barbados tot aende bocht van 

Mexico . . . 1658." 

A reproduction is found in Manuel Maria de Peralta's Limites de Costa Rica y 

Colombia . . . Atlas. 1890. See title 2759 of Phillips' List of Geographical 

Atlases. 

The Bridph Museum catalogue describee several editions under "Danckerts." 

1685? 

Du Tralage, Jean Nicolas, sieur de TUlemon, d. 1696. 

Le Nouveau Mexique appel6 aussi NouveUe Grenade et Marata. 
Auec Partie de Califomie, Selon les Memoires les plus Novueaux 
(sic) Par le Pere Coronelli Cosmographe de la SS°'"'. Republique 
de Venise Corrigee et augmentee (sic) Par le S^ Tillemont A 
Paris. Chez J. B. Nolin . . . 168. 58.8 x 44.7 cms. 2 cart. 

Date in Brit. Mus. Cat. 168 [5?] My copy (from Chadenat, 
Paris) has an "0" added in pencil making the date 1680. wl 182 

Note. — This is the same map, described in title 177 where notices are given 

of Coronelli, Du Tralage, and Nolin. 

1685? 

Minet, L'ingenieur 

Entree du Lac oil on a laisse M." de la SaUe. Ms. 28.5 x 34.5 

cms. Undated. Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Hyd. 

Paris. 138-1-1. 183 

Note. — The following reference to Minet is in an article, by Winsor, entitled 
Joliet, Marquette and La Salk in his Narrative and critical history of America, 
V. 4, p. 2S7: 

"The engineer, Minet . . . made on the voyage a map of the mouths of the 
Mississippi doubly interpreted, — one sketch being based on the Franquelin 
map of 1684, as La Salle had found it in 1682; and the other conformed to 
their recent observations about Matagorda, into whose lagoons he made this 
great river discharge . . . This map is still preserved in the Archives Sci- 
entifiques de la Marine, and a sketch of it is in the text. Thomassy (p. 208) 
cites it as 'Carte de la Louisiane avec I'embouchure de la Ri\-ifere du S' de 
la Salle (Mai, 1685), par Minet,' and giving a sketch, calls it the complement 
of Franquelin. Shea thinks it was drawn up from La Salle's and Penalosa's 
notes. Cf. Shea's Penalosa p. 21; Ilarrisse, Notes, etc., nos. 225, 227, 228, 
25&-258, 260, 261, 263, who says he could not find on it the date Mai, 1685, 
given by Parkman and Thomassy; Gravier, La Salle; and Delisle, in Journal 
des Savans, xix. 211. Margry (ii. 591) prints some observations of Minet on 
La Salle's efforts to find the mouth of the Mississippi . . . This is a reduced 
sketch from a copy (Barlow collection) of the original in the Archives of the 
Marine, gi^■ing two plans of the mouth of the river, — the one in the body of 
the map as 'La Salle le marque dans sa carte', and the other (here put in 
the small square), 'Comme nous les avons trouvez'. It is Harrisse's no. 225." 
Henry Harrisse, in his Notes . . . dela NouveUe France, p. 203-204, gives this 
relating to Minet's map of Louisiana: "225. Carte de la Louisiane. 35 x 24 c. 
(B. D. C. M. Etats-L'nis, Cartes generales, no. 4) C'est la carte definitive 
de Minet. Nous n'y trouvons pas la date de May 1685, que lui donnent Mes- 



166 LIBBARY OF CONGRESS 

Minet — Continued. 

sieurs Thomaasy et Parkman. Peut-etre se trouve-t-elle inscrite au vereo, 
ce dont nous ne pouvona nous assurer, car elle est maintenant coll6e k plat 
sur une feuille dana I'Atlaa ci-dessus. 

" Noua y trouvona deux legendes, au-deseous du titre, et formant avec ce dernier 
un petit cartouche: A. embouchure de la Riuiere comme monsieur de la Salle 
le marque dans sa carte. B. coste et lacs par la hauteur de sa Riuiere comme 
nous les avons trouuez. 

"Ces deux lettres coiTespondent k I'embouchure du Mississipi et k un b^quet 
plac6 au-dessous de cette embouchure meme. C'est-k-dire que Minet a d6coup6 
de trois quarts cette partie de la carte, sur une largeur d'environ troia centi- 
metres, et coll^ au-dessous le fagment ci-dessua. 

"Cette carte a 6te e\-idemment faite au retour, sur une carte manuscrite, qui 
est probablement celle de Franquelin de 1684. On y lit au Fort St. Louis 
des Illinois: 'Demeure du Sr. de la Salle.' " 

Thomassy, in his Geologic pratique de la Louisiane . . . 1860, p. 208, describes 
the same map as: 

'^ Carle de la Louisiane avec I'embouchure de la rivikre du Sr De la Salle." 
Canada. (May 1685), par Minet. 

"(Archives scientifiquea: No. 3 de la boite29*) Cette carte, non moinsprlcieuse 
que la pr6c6dente, en est la confirmation et le complement. On y lit: A. 
Embouchure de la ri\'ifere, comme M. de la Salle le marque dans sa carte. — 
B. Costes et lacs par la hauteur de sa rivifere, comme nous les avons trouvfe. 
Cette dernifere expression se rapporte aux cotes du Texas, oil De la Salle cher- 
chait alors la branche occidentale du Mississipi. L'auteur de cette cart« 
on a laisse plusieurs autres d'un grand int^ret pour cette vaine et malheureuse 
recherche. Minet parait, en outre, avoir ^te I'ingenieur hydrographe de 
cette seconde expedition d'oii il revint avec M. de Beaulieu. Le nom de 
la bale Minet, que nous rotrouverons plus tard dana I'aestuaire de Mobile, 
ferait croire ^galement qu'il accompagna ou suivit de pr&s I'expedition d'lber- 
ville, en 1699, et aurait sans doute alors relev^ la carte du veritable Missis- 
sipi. Celle qui suit ne serait pas indigne d'etre sortie de ses mains." 
Consult also: Relation de I'ingenieur Minet sur la recherche de I'entree du Mis- 
sissipi. Exlrait du journal de noslre voyage fait dans le golfe de Meinque. 
Lettre de Minet au rrwrquis de Seignelay. — Le marquis de Seignelay, ministre 
de la marine, au sieur Arnoul. 

[In Margry, Pierre. Decouvertes et etablissements des franfais dans Vouest et dans 
le sud de I'Amirique Septentrionale 1614-1698 . . . v.2, pp. 591-606] 
From Francis Parkman's La Salle and the discovery of the great West. France 
and England in North America, part third. Boston, 1897. v. 2, pp. 127 and 
134, are copied these notes relating to La Salle: 

"A map, entitled Entree du Lac ou on a laisse le S'' de la Salle, made by the 
engineer Minet, and preserved in the Archives de la Marine, represents the 
entrance of Matagorda Bay, the camp of La Salle on the left, Indian camps 
on the borders of the bay, the 'Belle' at anchor within, the 'Aimable' 
stranded at the entrance, and the 'Joly' anchored in the open sea." 
"The narrative of the engineer, Minet, sufficiently explains a curious map, 
made by him, as he says, not on the spot but on the voyage homeward, and 
still preserved in the Archives Scientifiques de la Marine. This map includes 
two distinct sketches of the mouth of the Mississippi. The first, which cor- 
responds to that made by Franquelin in 1684, is entitled 'Embouchure de 
la Rivifere comme M. de la Salle la marque dans sa Carte.' The second l)i'ar9 
the words, ' Costes et Lacs par la Hauteur de sa Riviere, comme noua les a\on8 
trouv6s.' These 'Costes et Lacs' are a rude representation of the lagoons 



THE LOWEEY COLLECTION 167 

of Matagorda Bay and its neighborhood, into which the Mississipjji is made 

to discharge, in accordance with the belief of La Salle. A portion of the 

coaet-Iine is drawn from actual, though superficial, observation. The rest ia 

merely conjectural." 

In vols. 2 and 3 of Pierre Margry's Decouvertes et elahlissements das fraruyiis 

dans Vouest et dans le sud de VAmerique Septentrionak. 1614-1698 ... are 

two interesting maps relating to La Salle. Margry believes that the first of 

these maps is a tracing of an original map by La Salle: 

"Carte de la Louidane en VAmerique septentrionale, depuis la Nouvelle France 

jusqu'au gol/e de Mexique, oh sont dccris les pays que le sieur de La Salle a 

dccoui'crts dans un grand continent compris depuis 50 degr. de Velhation du Pole 

jusqu' a 25, les annies 1679, SO, SI, S2. — Facsimile d'une carte de la collection de 

J. B. Bourguignon d'Anville, conservce au Dcpdt giographique du ministire des 

affaires Hrangb-es sous le no. 7220. 16x21." 

"Baie dc Cataracoui et ses environs au temps de Robert Cavalier sr. de La Salle. — 

Facsimile d'une carte de la collection de J. B. Bourguignon d'Anville, conservee 

au di-pdt giographique du minislbre des affaires Hrangh-es sous le no. 7119. 10x21." 

In the same work, v. 2, pp. 591, is Minet's Relation . . . sur la recherche de 

I'cntree du Mississipi. And his Lettre . . . au Marquis de Seignelay 16S5, in 

which he speaks of sending him certain maps of the coast of Florida and a 

map of Louisiana. In the Bulletin de la Societe de geographie, Paris, nov. and 

dec. 1880, p. 435-454, and b33-55&, is an article entMed " Cavelier de La Salle 

et al dccouverte du Mississipi d'apris I'ouvrage de m. Pierre Margry." Comptes 

rendus d'ouvrages par m. J. Thoulet. Accompanying this article is a map, 

entitled "Carte pour suiire la relation des voyages de Cavelier de La Salle 1669- 

16S2." 

The following list of works in Library of Congress relates to the La Salle 

expeditions: 

Abbott, John Stevens Cabot. The adventures of the chevalier de La Salle and 

his companions. SS4 p. front. 12°. New York, Dodd, Mead & co., 1903. 

Account (An) of monsieur de La Salle's last expedition and discoveries in North 

America, presented to the french ling, and pub. by the chevalier Tonti, govemour 

of fort St. Louis, in the province of the Islinois. Made english from the Paris 

original. Reprinted from the London ed. of 169S . . . 

[In New York historical society. Collections. New York, 1814. 8°. v. 2, 

pp. [217-341] French original published in 1697, under title: Demiires decou- 

vertes dans VAmerique Septentrionale . . . The authorship of the work was 

denied by De Tonti. Consult Charlevoix's iJtstoire . . . de la Nouvelle France, 

t. 2, 1744, p.260; and^arriaae's Notes pour servir a Vhistoire . . . de la Nonvelle- 

France, 1S72, pp. 169-171. 

Baker, George Albert. The St. Joseph-Kankakee portage. Its location and use 

by Marquette, La Salle and the french voyageurs. [3J-48 pp. illus., map. 8°. 

South Bend, Ind., the society, 1899. (Northern Indiana historical society. — 

Publication no. 1) Read before the society, July 6, 1897. 

Bartlett, Charles Henry, and Lyon, Richard Hill. La Salle in the valley of the 

St. Joseph. An historical fragment. 118 pp. illus., pi., port., map. 12°. 

South Bend, Ind., Tribune printing co., 1899. 

Becker, Sophie Cornelia. Sketches of early Buffalo and the Niagara region. 

2 p. 1,9-168 pp., 1 I. front, (port.) 12°. Buffalo, N. Y., 1904. 

Bibliography: 1 I. following p. 168. 

Burton, Clarence Monroe. Historical paper . . . before the Society of colonial 

wars of the state of Michigan. At a social court held . . . January 26, 1902. 17 

pp. front., fold. map. 8°. Detroit, Winn & Hammond, 1903. 



168 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Minet — Continued. 

Catherwood, Mary Hartwell. The story of Tonly . . . illustrated by Enoch 
Ward. 6th ed., with new introduction by the author. 2 p. I., 225 pp. incl. illits., 
plates, front. 8°. Chicago, A. C. McClurg dk co., 1901. 
Chesnet, P. Eistoire de Cavelier de La Salle; exploration et conquite du bassin 
du Mississipi d'aprh les leltres de La Salle, les relations presentees a Louis xiv 
en son nom, les relations de phisieurs de ses compagnons de voyage, les actes officiels 
et autres documents corUemporains. 227, [1] pp. 8°. Paris, J. Maisonneuve, 
1901. 

Clark, Robert Carlton. The beginnings of Texas. 1684^1718. 94 pp. 1 map. 
8°. Austin, 1907. [University of Texas. Bulletin: Humanistic series no. 6] 
Clark, Robert Carlton. The beginnings of Texas. Fort Saint Louis and mission 
San Francisco de las Tejas. 

[In Texas state historical society. Quarterly. Jan. 1902. 8°. Austin, 190S. 
V. 5, pp. 171-205] Bibliography, pp. 202-205. 

Colt, Nelson. The Devil's Hole, uith an account of a visit made to it in 1679, 
by Robert Cavelier de La Salle. To which is added a memoir of the life of La Salle. 
4th ed. 16 pp. 16°. Niagara City [N. Y.] N. T. Hackstaf, 1859. 
Cox, Isaac Joslin, ed. The journeys of Rene Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle as 
related by his faithful lieutenant, Henri de Tonty; his missionary colleagues, fathers 
Zenobius Membre, Louis Hennepin, and Anastasius Douay; his early biographer, 
father Christian Le Clercq; his trusted subordinate, Henri Joutel; and his brother, 
Jean Cavelier: together with memoirs, commissions, etc. 2 v. fronts, {v. 1: port.) 
map. 12°. New York, A. S. Barnes & CO., 1905. (On cover: The trail makers) 
"General bibliography of La Salle sources": v. 2, pp. 246-250. 
" Comparative bibliography of volumes i and n": v. 2, pp. 250-259. 
Demikres dicouvertes dans VAviirique septentrionale de m. de La Sale; mises au 
jour par m. le chevalier Tonti, gouvemeur da fort Saint Loiiis, aux Islinms. 2 
p. I., 333, [21] pp. map. 16°. Paris, J. Guignard, 1697. 
Map wanting. Consult Henri Joutel 's Journal historique, 1713, p. S. 
The authorship of the work was denied by de Tonti, who asserted "qu'elle 
n'^toit point de lui, mais d'un aventurier parisien, qui I'avoit compos^e siu- de 
mauvais m^moires, & la lui avoit attribute, pour lui donner cours." Consult 
Charlevoix, ffistoire . . . delaNouvelle France, t. 2, 1744, p.260. The compiler, 
however, probably based his narrative on some of de Tonti 's letters. Consult 
Harrisse, Notes pour servir b. Vhistoire . . . de la Nouvellc- France, 1872, pp. 
169-171; and Margry, Relations et memmres inedits, 1867, pp. 1-36. 
Falconer, Thomas. On the discovery of the Mississippi, and on the southwestern, 
Oregon, and north-western boundary of the United States. With a translation 
from the original ms. of memoirs, etc. relating to the discovery of the Mississippi 
by Robert . . . de La Salle and . . . Henry de Tmity ... Ip.l., 100, 99, [1] 
pp. fold. map. 12°. London, S. Clarke, 1844- 

Contents. 
On the discovery of the Mississippi. — Tonti, Henri de. On the route from the 
Hlinois, by the river Mississippi, to the gulf of Mexico. — La Salle, R. C, sieur 
de. Memoir . . . on an enterprise which he has proposed . . . respecting one of 
the provinces of Mexico. — Letters patent granted by the king of France to the sieur 
de La Salle, on the 12th of May, 1678.— La Salle, R. C, sieur de. Memoir . . . 
reporting . . . the discoveries made by him under the order of his majesty. — 
" Proces verbal." Of the taking possession of Louisiana by the sieur de La Salle, 
on the 9th of april, 1682. — Will of the sieur de La Salle.— La Salle, R. C, siexir 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 169 

de. Memoir sentin 169.i, on the discovery of the Mississippi . . .from . . . 1678 
to . . . his death, and by the sieur de Tonty to . . . 1691. — Tonti, Henri de. 
Petition of the chevalier de Tonty to the count de Pontchartrain . . . 
Fraser, John, of Lachine Rapids, Can. Eistoric Canadian ground. The La Salle 
homestead of 1666 and other old landmarks offrench Canada on the lower Lachin. 
road . . . By the author of "Canadian pen and ink sketches." SO pp. fronte 
(port.) illus. S°. Montreal, " Witness" printing house, 1892. 
Gagnon, Ernest. Louis Jolliet, decouvreur dii Mississipi et du pays des Illinois, 
premier seigneur de Vile d' Anticosti : etude hiographiqne et historiographique. xv, 
284 pp. illus. (incl. facsim.) 4°. Quebec, 1902. 
Includes music. 
Preface by Thomas Chapais. 

" Caiclier de La Sall(. decouvreur dc VOhio, mals non da Missi-^sipi," by J. 
Tailhan: pp. [225}-2.U. 

"Anttcosli et I'exploitation de m. Henri Mcnier." by Charles de Guise: pp. 
[t59}-266. 

"Notes suT Louis-Olivier Gamache, le 'Sorcier dc lisle d'Anticosti . . . par 
Vabbe J.-B.-A. Ferland": pp. [267]-279. 

Giroiiard, D&ir^ i. e. Jer^mie D&ir^. Lake St. Louis, old and new, illustrated, 
and Cavelier de La Salle . . . Tr. from the french by Desire H. Girouard . . . 
Columbian ed. viii, 298 pp. illus., pi. (partly fold.) port., map, fold, plans, 
facsim. 4°. Montreal, Poirier, Bessette & co., 1S9S. 

Based upon the author's pamphlets "Lc vieux Lachine et le massacre du 5 aoM, 
1689," "Les anciens forts de Lachine et Cavelier de La Salle," 1891, and "Let 
andennes cdtes du lac Saint-Louis." 

Les anciens forts de Lachine et Cavelier de La Salle . . . Publii sous les 

auspices de la Soeiete historique de Montreal. .57 pp.. 1 I. 8°. Montreal. E. 
Senecal & fls, 1891. 

G^a^^er, Gabriel. Cavelier de La Salle de Rouen. 1 p. I.. 123 pp. port. 4°. 

Paris, Maisonneuve & cie., 1871. 

"Bibliographic" (lirres. manuscrits, cartes, iconographie) pp. [107]-123. 

Decouvertes et etablissements de Cavelier de La Salle de Rouen dans 

I'Amerique du Kord (lacs Ontario, Erie, Huron, Michigan, vallees de VOhio ct du 
Mississipi et Texas) . . . xi, 411 pp. col. pi., port., fold. maps. S°. Paris, 
Maisonneuve <t cf, 1870. 

Nouvelle etude sur Cavelier de La Salle; conference a la Soeiete libre 

d' emulation, du commerce et de Vindustne de la Seine-inferieure. 61 pp. 8°. 
Rouen, E. Cagniard, 188-5. 

Extrail du Bulletin de la Soeiete libre d' emulation, du commerce et de Vindiistrie 

de la Seine-inferieure. 

Hennepin, Louis. A description of Louisiana. Tr. from the edition of 1683, 

and compared with the Nouvelle decouverte, the La Salle documents and other 

contemporaneous papers. By John Gilmary Shea. 407 (i. e. 423) pp. front. 

(fold, map) pi., facsim. 4°. New York, J. G. Shea, ISSO. 

Title-page of ed. of 1683 in facsim. 

Bibliography of Hennepin: pp. 382-392. 

pp. 41*-53*, 1 1. inserted between pp. 40 and [41] 

Joutel, Henri. Journal historique du dernier voyage que feu m. de La Sale fit 

dans le golfe de Merique, pour trouver I'embouchure, & le cours de la riviere de 

Missicipi, nommie a present la riviere de Saint Louis, qui traverse la Louisiane. 

Ou Ion loit I'histoire tragique de sa mart, <t plusieurs choses curieuses du Nouveau 

monde. Par monsieur Joutel, I'un des compagnons de ce voyage, redige & mis 

en ordr[e] par monsieur de Michel, xxxiv, 386 pp. fold. map. 16°. Paris, 

E. Robinot, 1713. 



170 LIBRARY OF COX 

Minet — Continued . 

The original journal, of which this is an abridgment, was published in Pierre 
Margry's Decouvenes et elablissements des fran^ais dam I'ouest et dans le aud de 
VAmerique Septentrionale. v. 3, 1878, pp. [89]-534. 

Joutel's journal of La Salle's last voyage; a reprint (page for page and 

line for line) of the first english translation, London, 1714; with the map of the 
original french edition Paris, 1713, in facsimile; and notes by Melville B. Ander- 
son. 4 p. I., xxi,, [9], 229 pp., 1 I. fold. map. 8°. Chicago, the Caxton club, 
1896. 

206 copies printed. Withfacsim. oft.-p. of the ed. of 1714. 

Joutel, Henri. Diario histdrico del -ultimo viaje que hizo m. de la Sale para 
descubrir el desembocadero y curso del Missidpi. Contiene la historia trdgica de 
su muerte y muchas cosas curiosas del nuevo mundo. ... Tr. al espanol por 
J. M. Tomel . . . 156 pp. 12°. Nueva York, J. Desnoues, 1831. 
La Boule, Joseph Stephen. Allouez, and his relations to La Salle. <^From 
Proceedings of the state historical society of WisconMn, 1898"^ [1] [168]-1S2 pp. 
8°. Madison, state historical society of Wisconsin, 1899. 

La Salle, Nicolas de. Relation of the discovery of the Mississipi [!] river, vmlten 
from the narrative of Nicolas de La Salle, otherwise known as the little Melville de 
La Salle; the translation done by M. B. Anderson. 4 p. I., 69 p., 1 I. 8°. 
Chicago, the Caxton club, 1898. 
French and english on opposite pages. 

The text is a reprint of Recit de Nicolas de la Salle-1682 as pub. in Decou- 
venes et etablissements desfrangais dans I'ouest et dans le sud de VAmerique Sep- 
tentrionale 1614-1698; mimoires et documents inedits recudllis et publies par 
Pierre Margry, 1. ptie., Paris, 1879, pp. [545]-570. 

This copy is one of an edition of 266 copies on hand-made paper, and three copies 
on Japanese vellum; the type has been distributed. 

Le Clercq, Chretien. EtablisseTnent de lafoy dans la Nouvelle France, contenant 
I'histoire des colonies frangoises, & des decouvertes, qui s'y font faites jusques h 
present. Avec une relation exacte des expeditions & voyages entrepris pour la 
dicouverte dufleuve Mississippi jusques au golphe de Mexique. Par ordre dv roy. 
Sous la conduite du sieur de La Salle, & de ses diverses avantures jusques b, sa 
mort. Ensemble les victoires remporties en Canada sur les anglois & Iroquois en 
1690, par les armes de sa majeste, sous le commandement de monsieur le comte de 
Frontenac . . . Par le P. C. L. C. . . . 2 v. fold. nuip. 16". Paris, A. 
Auroy, 1691. 

Map wanting in the Library of Congress copy. 
Dedicatory epistle signed: C'hrestien Le Clercq. 
Collation: v. 1, 14 p. 1., 5.59 pp.; v. 2, 1 p. 1., 4.58 [i. e. 454] [19] pp. 
"The bibliographers are agreed that others than Le Clercq were engaged in the 
Etablissement, and that the part concerning Frontenac was clearly not by Le 
Clercq. Charlevoix says Frontenac himself assisted in it; and it is Shea's 
opinion that extraneous matter was attached to Le Clercq's account of the 
Recollect missions, to convert the book into an attack in large part on the 
Jesuits." — Winsor, Narr. andcrit. hist., v. 4, 1885, p. 291. 
Also issued the same year under title: Premier etablissement de lafoy dans la 
Nouvelle France . . . 

Vol. 2 (pp. 167-377) includes the narratives of La Salle's discoveries written by 
the Recollet missionaries Z^nobe Membr6 and Anastase Douay. 

First establishment of the faith in New France. Now first tr., with notes, 

by John Gilmary Shea. 2 v. 2 pi., 5 port. (incl. fronts.) 5 facsim. (incl.fold. 
map) 4°. New York, J. G. Shea, 1881. 



THE LOWEKY COLLECTION 171 

Only 250 copies printed. "No. 110 [signed] J. G. S."— Ms. note on p. 4 of v. 1. 
French original published, Paris, 1691, under title: Premier kablissement de la 
foy dans la Nourelh France. 

"A sketch of father Christian Le Clercq . . . and of the uorks that bear his name": 
V. 1, pp. [5]-36. 

Vol. 2 (pp. [128]-282) includes the narratives of La Salle's discoveries written 
by the recollet missionaries Z^nobe Membr^ and Anastase Douay. 
Makers of american history: Daniel Boone, by John M. Peck; Robert Cavelier 
de la Salle and father Marquette, by Jared Sparks. 1 p. I., 176 pp., 1 I., vii-x, 
11-164 pp. front, {port.). 12°. New York, The University society, incor- 
porated, 1904. 

Marshall, Orsamus Holmes. The first visit of de La Salle to the Senecas, made in 
1669. Pead before the Buffalo historical society, inarch 16, 1S74. 45 pp. 8°. 
[Buffalo] priv. print. [1874]. 

Extract from the journal of Rene Brehan de Galinee: pp. 15-34. 
Miller, Edmund Thornton. The connection of [Diego Dionisio] Penalosa with 
the La Salle expedition. 

[In Texas state historical association. Quarterly. Oct. 1901. 8°. Austin, 1902. 
V. 5, pp. 97-112'] 

Orcutt, William Dana. Robert Cavelier, the romxmce of the sieur de La Salle and 
his discovery of the Mississippi river. Illustrated by Charlotte Weber, xiii, 313 pp. 
col. front., 5 col. pi. 8°. Chicago, A. C. McClurg & co., 1904- 
Parkman, Francis. La Salle and the discovery of the great west. France and 
England in North America. Part third. ... S r. fronts., plates, ports., 
maps, fold, facsim. 8°. Boston, Little, Brown & co., 1897. (Half-title: The 
works of Francis Parkman. Champlain ed. vol. v-vi) 

The Champlain edition of Francis Parkman's works is limited to twelve hundred 
copies. 

Remington, Cyrus Kingsbury. The ship-yard of the Griffon, a brigantine built 
by Rene Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle, in the year 1679, above the falls of 
Niagara . . . Together with the most complete bibliography of Hennepin that 
has ever been made in any one list ... 78 pp., 11. iiicl. front, (port.) plates, 
maps. S°. Buffalo, N. Y. [Press of J. W.Clemeiit] 1891. 
" Bibliography of Hennepin" : pp. [5l]-74. 
"Bibliography of La Salle": pp. [75]-78. 

Shea, John Dawson Gilmar>-. The bursting of Pierre Margry's La Salle bubble 
... Ip.l., 24 pp. 8°. New York, T. B. Sidehotham, 1879. 
Reprinted from the New York freemen's journal. 
Suite, Benjamin. La mort de Cavelier de La Salle. 

[In Royal society of Canada. Proceedings, 1898. 8°. Montreal, 1898. v. 4, 
sec. 1, pp. S-31] 

Thomassy, Marie Joseph Raymond. De La Salle et ses relations inedites de la 
decouverte du Mississippi. (Extrait de la Geologic pratique de la Louisiane) 
... S p. I., t4 p. front, (fold, map) sq. 4°. Paris, L. Hachette & de., 
1859. 

Cover dated 1860. 

Tonti, Henri de. Memoir, by the sieur de la Tonty. " Memoir sent in 1693, on 
the discovery of the Mississippi and the neighboring nations by m.de La Salle, from 
the year 1678 to the time of his death, and by the sieur de Tonty to the year 1691." 
[In French, Benjamin F., ed. Historical collections of Louisiana. Nev: York, 
1846-53. 8°. V. 1 (1846) pp. [52]-78] 

•'This Memoir forms the basis of a spurious work, printed in Paris, 1697, entitled 
'Derniires decouvertes dans V Amerique Septentrionale, de m. de La Salle, par 
chevalier Tonti' . . ." — Note, p. 52. 



172 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Minet — Continued. 

The trench text of the Memoir is printed in Pierre Margry 's Relations et mimoires 
inedits. Paris, 1S67, pp. 5-36. 

Relation of Henri de Tonty concerning the explorations of La Salle from 

1678 to 1683; tr. by M. B. Anderson. 5 p. I., 121 pp. 8°. Chicago, the Caxton 

club, 1898. [The Caxton club. Publications] 

This copy is one of an edition of 194 copies on hand-made paper, the type of 

which has been distributed. The original french text is reprinted from Pierre 

Margry's Origines franqaises des pays d'outre-mer {Paris, 1879) 

Whittlesey, Charles. Discovery of the Ohio river, by Robert Cavalier de La Salle 

1669-70. [9]-15 pp. S". [Cleveland, 0., 1877] (Western reserve and northern 

Ohio historical society . . . Tract [v. 2, no.] 38) 

Caption title. 

Winsor, Justin. Joliet, Marquette and La Salle. Historical sources and attendant 

cartography. 

[In his Narrative and critical history of America. 8°. Boston, J. R. Osgood & co. 

1885. V. 4, pp. 201-246] 



Minet, L'ingenieur 

Plan de la cote de la Floride la plus occidentale, depuis le 27 
d. de latitude nord jusqu'au 29" deg. Ms. 41 x 28 cms. Un- 
dated. 

Original in Archives. Depot des cartes. Affaires etrangeres. 
Paris. 8839. 

On this map of Minet the place is indicated "ou nous trouvames 
M. de La Salle avec ses deux vaisseaux, ou nous restames 20 
jours." No. 156 in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte de 
I'Amerique. Catalogue des Documents Geographiques exposes 
a ... la Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, 1892. (I have not seen 
it) 184 

Note. — Consult title 183 for references to Minet and La Salle. 



Echegaray, Martin de. 

Mapa de las coskis del Golfo de Mexico y de la America Septentrional 
hasta Terranova con informe sobre la situacion de la BaJiia del 
Espiritu Santo, cerca del Misisipi, ocupada por los franceses. 
Hecho por el piloto Martin de Echegaray, Sevilla 20 Abril 1686. 
Ms. 43 X 59 cms. Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. 
Est. 61; Caj. 6; Leg. 20 (1) 

No. 78 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida". Tomo 1. 
This is a veiy general view with only 12 legends in Canada and 
the United States. Quite unimportant. 185 

Note. — There is no mention of this cartographer in Navarrete'a Biblioteca 
maritima espafiola, Nicolao Antonio's Bibliotheca hispania, or in various other 
reference works consulted. 

A Martin de Echagaray is mentioned in Joe6 Toribio Medina's La imprenta en 
Mexico (1539-1821) . . . v.2, p. 540 as the author of work entitled: Declaracion 
del qradranle de las Calhedrales dc las Indias . . . 1682. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 173 

See a reference to Echagaray in Herbert E. Bolton's Notes on Clark's The 
beginnings of Teras, in the Quarterly of Texas state historical association. October 
1908. V. li. pp. 14S-15S. 

1687 

RonquiUo, Pedro de, conde de Gramedo, d. 1691. 

"Planta de la Costa de la Florida, la mas occidental, desde 27 
ijrados de Latitud Norte hasta 29 grados" 20 Enero 1687. Ms. 
41 X 28 cms. Unsigned. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 61; Caj. 6; 
Leg. 20. (3) 

Transmitted by Don Pedro de RonquiUo from London with a 
report on La Salle's expedition to the Bahia del Espiritu Santo 
(Matagorda Bay) No. SO in Lanzas, "Mapasde Mexico y Florida." 
Tomo I. Of importance exclusively for the La SaUe settle- 
ment . 1S6 

Note. — The following notice of RonquiUo is found in Johann Heinrich Zed- 
ler's Grosses volhtandiges unirersal-lexikon, v. 32, p. 7:4-775. 
"RonquiUo (Peter von) Graf von Gramedo, ein sehr geschickter Spanischer 
Staatsmann zu Ende des 17 Jahrhunderts, ward an den Hof dea Konigs Carls 
II in Engelland als ausserordentlicher Gesandte, und nachaehends als Gevoll- 
miichtigter aui den Xiemiigischen Friedens-Congress gesendet, konnte sich aber 
daselbst mit dem Spanischen Abgesandten, Marquis von Fuentes, nicht ver- 
tragen, und begab sich also 1678 im April von dar hinweg nach Briissel, und 
sodann wieder nach Engelland. Daselbst befand er sich als Spanischer Min- 
ister bey des gedachten Konigs Absterben, da er denndem neuen Konig Jacoben 
II alsofort bey der ersten Audientz mit grosser Frej-muthigkeit vorstellte, wie 
nachtheilig es ihm seya wurde, wenn er fortfiihre der Geistlichkeit allzuveil 
Gehor zu geben. So widerrieth er auch nachmahls diesem Herm gar sehr, 
eich der Frantzosischen Hillffe gegen den Printzen von Ocanien zu bedienen. 
Er starb endlich in Engelland 1G91 als ausserordentlicher Abgesandter bey 
dem Konig Wilhelmen m, bey welchem er sich eine ungemeine Hochachtung 
erworben, wie denn auf Koniglichen Befehl sein Leichnam, bis zu dessen 
Abf iihrung nach Spanien in der Capelle zu Westmiinster beygesetzet worden." 
In an article by Peter Joseph Hamilton entitled Was ifobile bay the bay of 
Spiritu Santof published in the Transactions of the Alabama historical society, 
1899-1903, V. 4, pp. 73-93, is a description of various maps relating to this region 
especially in connection with the La Salle discoveries. 

See also Bethel Coopwood's article Notes on the history of la bahia del Espiritu 
Santo, in The Quarterly of the Texas historical association, oct. 1898, in which is 
the statement that "In 1561, by wtue of a royal cedula. Angel de VUlapane 
and Jorge Seron ran the same coast and made a descriptive chart of it, the 
original of which exists in the archives of Mexico." 

In William R. Shepard's Guide to the materials for the history of the United States 
in Spanish archives (Simancas, the Archivo historico nacumal, and Seville) 
Washington, 1907, p. 20, "B. Correspondence of the Spanish Embassy in Eng- 
land," in his description of Spanish documents, is "7. Notice of the fact that 
the ambassador RonquiUo has sent the charts and sailing routes of La Salle. 
Notes and proceedings relative to the treaty concluded between England and 
France in regard to the Commerce of America, 1687." 
For bibliography of La SaUe consult title 183. 



174 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Ronquillo, Pedro de — Continued. 

For various works by Ronquillo consult the British Museum catalogue. 
Elizabeth Howard West in a note to an article on Ponce de Leon's expedition 
of 1689, in the Quarterly of the Texas state historical association, Jan. 1905, v. 8, 
p. 200, says: 

"There are two small maps of a part of Espfritu Santo Bay, as the Spanish 
called the bay where La Salle settled, listed as Nos. 79 and 80 in Lanzas, 
Relaci6n Descriptiva de los Mapas, Pianos, & de Mexico y Floridas Existentes en 
El Archivo General de Indias, which, no doubt, relate in some way to the expe- 
dition of La Salle. Both were sent by Pedro Ronquillo, then Spanish ambas- 
sador to England, from London to Madrid in January, 1687. Their exact 
meaning and value, however can of course not be determined until the docu- 
ments accompanying them have been exploited. Tracings of these maps were 
made several years ago for mr. Peter J. Hamilton, of Mobile, who called my 
attention to them and placed them in my hands. The accompanying docu- 
ments, however, have, so far as I know, never been copied." 

1687 

Ronquillo, Pedro de, conde de Gramedo, d. 1601. 

Planta del lago donde dejaron a Mr. La Salle. 20 Enero 1687. 
39 X 5.5 cms. Ms. in colors. Unsigned. 

Origuial in the Arch. Gen. de Ind. Sevilla. Est. 61; Caj. 6; 
Leg. 20. (2) 

Transmitted by Don Pedro de Ronquillo from London with a 
report on La Salle's expedition to the Bay of Espiritu Santo 
(Matagorda Bay) Of importance for the La Salle settlement 
only. No. 79 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 
I. 187 

Note. — For information relating to Ronquillo and La Salle's expedition to the 
bay of Espiritu Santo consult title 186, and for bibliography of La Salle consult 
title 183. 

1687 

Sanson, Guillaume, d. 1703. 

L' America Settentrionale Nuouamente corretta, et accresciuta 
secondo le relationi piu modeme, da Gvglielmo Sansone Geografo 
di S. M. Christianis? E data in luce da Gio. Giacomo de Rossi, 
in Roma nella sua Stamperia alia Pace, TAnno 1687. Giorgio 
Widman Sculp. 54.5 x 39 cms. wl I87a 

Note. — This map is taken from Giovanni Giacomo de Rossi's Mercvrio geo- 
grafico . . . 1692, described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 516. 
An early impression dated 1677 is found described in the same work, title 51.5. 
Lower California is here represented as an island. 

1687? 

Piano del Lago de Sn. Bernardo, Situado en la Costa del X. del 
Seno Mexicano, su entrada en Lat^ de 28 gr? 24 m'- N. y 278 gr? 
de Long? Tenerife. Ms. 39.5 x 30.5 cms. Unsigned, undated. 
Anonymous. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 175 

Original in Direc. de Hid. Madrid. Sec. 9. Cart. 3. Mss. Origs 
Interesting as showing among other locations "D. Buena Vista" 
and just below it "E. Pueblo de los Franceses." 188 

1687? 
Franquelin, Jean. Baptiste Louis, b. 1653. 

Partio de la ''Carte de rAineriquc Septentrionale entre 27 et 64 
tlegres de latitude, et environ 250 et 340 degres de longitude, oil 
est compris le pays de la Nouvelle France, la Nouvelle Angleterre, 
la Virginie, la Caroline, la Florida et tous les environs du grand 
fleuve Mississipi. Le tout tres correctement et tres exactement 
dresse sur ce qu'en a vu I'auteur, et sur les justes et fideles memoires 
et relations qu'il a en soin de recueillir depuis plus de douze annees, 
de gens experts qui ont voyage dans toutes ces contrees, par Jean 
Baptiste Louis Franquelin, dessine et ecrit par F. de La Croix. 

In Pinart, A. L. Recueil de Cartes Plans et Vues relatifs aux 
Etats Unis et au Canada New Yoi'k, Boston, Montreal, Quebec, 
Louisbourg. 1651-1731 . . . Paris, E. Dufosse, 1893. No. 12. 
Tliis particular section of the map, 6S.5 x 46.5 cms. shows the Flo. 
peninsula & Gulf coast as far west as Miss, mouth. New Mexico 
not in this section. lo 189 

Note. — For a description of Pinart's Recueil de cartes, of which this map is no. 
12, consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1307. 
In the description of these maps in the "Liste des planches ", the map has this 
note: 

"Cette carte, bien que nondat^e, est peu post^rieure a I'exp^dition de Beaujeu 
et a la mort de Cuvelier de la Salle, 1687. Nous y trouvons une des premieres 
indications exactes de I'emplacement de Chicago (Chicagou) et des forts et 
villages dans toute la region environnante; le Mississipi s'y trouve portd, 
mais sous des formes bizarres. L'original existe a la biblioth^ue du Depot 
de la Marine, sous le n° B. 4040-8." 

This title is given in full in Harrisse's Notes, p. 202, no. 223. For a description 
of this map consult Winsor's Narrative and critical history, v. 4, p. 229. 
An interesting map which it is well to describe here and which seems not to 
have been mentioned in this list is 222 in Harrisse's above mentioned work, 
where it is described as: 

" 222. Carte de la Louisiane ou des Voyages du Sr. de la Salle et des pays qu'il 
adecouverts depuis la Nouvelle France jusqu'au Golfe Mexique les annees 1679, 
80, 81 et 82. par Jean Baptiste Louis Franquelin. Van 1684. Paris. 
"Cette carte predeuse qui se trouvait autrefois aux Archives du Depdt de la Marine 
h Paris (A'? 2 de la hoite 29b), est aujourd'hui egaree. Nous sommes obliges de la 
decrire d'apris Thomassy {Geologic pratique de la Louisiane, p. 207) et if. Park- 
man (Great West, p. 410) 

"C'estune carte de 1 m. 80 c. de long sur 1 m. 40 c. de large, et puisqu'elle est 
datee de Paris, nous pensons que c'est une copie faite par F. de la Croix, Fran- 
quelin ne semblant pas avoir ^te en France en cette ann^e. 
" EUe doit porter un timbre rouge aux fleurs-de-lys, comme toutes les cartes 
provenant de Versailles. 

"On y remarque deux grandes divisions. L'une appel^e Nouvelle France, 
I'autre Louisiane. Cette demi&re cou\Te les valines du Mississipi et de I'Ohio, 
ainsi que le Texas. 



176 LIBRARY OF- CONGRESS 

Franquelin, Jean Baptiste Louis — Continued. 

" Le Mississipi est 'Mississipi, ou Rivifere Colbert; ' le Missouri 'Grande Riviere 
des Emissourittes ou Missourits;' les Illinois 'Rivifere des Illinois, ou Maco- 
pins;' rOhio 'Fleuve St. Louis, ou Chucagoa, ou Cosquinampogamou,' la 
rivi&re Rouge prend ici le nom autrefois donne aux Illinois ' Rivifere Seignelay .' 
On voit autour du fort St. Louis des Illinois des chiffres repr^sentant le nombre 
des guerriers ou des Indiens appartenaut a des clans ou villages sur lesquels 
s'^talent pompeusement ces mots: Colonie du Sr. de la Salle. Cette partie de 
la carte a Hi reproduite par M. Parkman en tete de son Great West; et M. 
Thomassy dans sa Geologic de la Louisiane a donne celle qui repr^sente I'em- 
bouchure du Mississipi. 

" II en existe une copie dans laBibliothfequedu Parlement Canadien, k Ottowa, 
faite sur I'original a Paris en 1S56." 

A map which should be mentioned here is described in the same "Notes," p. 206, 
no. 231, with a statement attached to this effect: 

"Voir sous cette date, au D^pot des Fortifications des Colonies (N? 280) un 
travail de Franquelin, intitule : 'M^moire pour informer Monseigneur (Seign- 
elay) de I'importance qu'il y a de tirer des lignes justes sur les limites des terrea 
qui appartiennent au Roy dans la Nouvelle France, planter des Bomes, arborer 
les armes de Sa Majesty, et en faire une carte bien fidelle.' " 
This map is noted in Marcel's Catalogue des documents geographiques, p. 19, no. 
137. A reproduction is found in the Library of Congress. A reproduction is 
also found in vol. C3 of The Jesuit Relations . . . Cleveland, the Burrows brothers, 
1900, V. 63. 

It is a "reduced facsimile of ms. copy (made in Paris for Francis Parkman) 
now in the Library of Harvard University. The original, formerly in the 
Archives de la Marine, Paris, has been lost." 

For a description of this map consult also R. Thomassy's Geologic pratique 
. . . Paris, 1860, p. 207-208. 

Consult also Winsor's Narrative and Critical History of America, v. 4, pp. 227-228. 
Another map which is not mentioned in this list is the one described in Har- 
risse's Notes, pp. 200, title 219, dated 1682, and is thus described: 
"2i9. Carte de VAmerique Septentrionale et partie de la Miridionale Depuis 
Vembouchure de la Riviere St. Laurens, jusques h I'lsle de Cayenne, avec les 
nouvelles dicouvcrtes de la Riviire Mississijn, ou Colbert. Chaque degre de 
latitude est de 20 lieues/ranQoises. 1 m. 55 x 1 m. 71 c. 

" Cette carte est sans contredit la plus belle qu'on ait faite de I'Am^rique. Elle 
ne porte ni date, ni nom d'auteur, mais est ^videmment d'un artiste frangais, 
Bup6rieur meme S, F. de la Croix, et d'une date ant^rieure k 1682, puisque le 
Mississipi n'est pas continue jusqu'^ son embouchure. Ici ce grand fleuve 
part d'un endroit nomm6 'Tintonha,' non loin duquel on voit cette l^gende: 
'Arm£s du roy gravees sur cet arbre Van 1679;' puis passe par le 'Saut de 
St. Antoine de Padoue,' pour s'arreter k I'Ohio qui est donn€ dans tout son 
parcours, ainsi que la 'R. Seignelay' (Riv. des Illinois) Les forts Crevecoeur 
et des Miamis sont d^sign^s. Le lac Michigan est nomm6: ' Mitchiganong ou 
le Grand lac des Illinois dit Dauphin,' le lac Huron: 'Karegnon, Mer Douce 
des Eurons, dit d'Orleans.' Le cartouche qui est une miniature du plus beau 
travail, porte au dessus de la Vierge portant une croix, la devise: In hoc signo 
vinces. 

"Cette belle carte semble avoir ^t^ compl^t^e sur les donn^es du Hennepin, ou 
plutotde Du L'hut." 

A beautiful colored copy in original size is in the Map Division of Library^ of 
Congress. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 177 

A description of this map with reduced reproduction is found in the text and 
aXlasol G&hnelMaLTceVs Reproductions de cartes etdeglobes . . . Paris, 1894, PP- 
S9-S6, ph. 7-10. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title IISS. 
Winsor further states that Parkman was inclined to ascribe this map to Fran- 
quelin. In this work are found many references to the vafious cartographical 
publications of Franquelin. 

Harrisse, also in his "Notes," describes various Franquelin maps. 
In the volume relating to Paris documents, of the Documents relative to the 
.colonial history of the state of New York, v. 9, p. 205, in the letter from m. 
de la Barre to m. de Seignelay, dated nov. 4, 1683, is this reference: "What I 
have recently received from that quarter deserves a full explanation, and for 
that purpose send you a relation apart from my despatch, which, with the 
map of the country that I have had prepared for you, will give you perfect 
knowledge of every thing, and the means of interesting his Majesty therein. 
The young man who made these maps is named Franquelin; he is as skilful 
as any in France, but extremely poor, and in need of a little aid from his 
Majesty as an Engineer; he is at work on a very correct map of the country 
which I shall send you next year in his name; meanwhile I shall support him 
with some little assistance." 

In the Kohl Collection, no. 229, is a reproduction of a map by Franquelin which 
also bears on this subject. The border ms. description reads: 
"This is a copy of a sketch of the Mississippi-river and country, contained in a 
manuscript-map, which is preserved in the 'Depot de la marine' at Paris. 
"The map has the following title: 'Carte genirale de la France seplentrionale, 
contenant la decouverte du Pays des Ilinois. Faiteparlesieur Jolliet.' (General 
map of arctic France, containing the discovery of the country of the Illinois, 
made by Sieur Jolliet) 

''The map has the following dedication: 'A monseignieur Colbert, ministre 
secret, d'etat par son tres humble serviteur Duchesneau intendant de la Nouvelle 
France' (To Monseignieur Colbert, minister secretary of state by his most 
humble servant Duchesneau, intendant of New France) 

On the margin of the map is further written: 'Joannes Ludovicus Franquelin 
pinxit' (J. L. Franquelin, painted it) 

" The date of the map is not indicated and no longitudes are gi\-en upon it. 
We have another map of the Mississippi of the year 1688, painted by the same 
J. L. Franquelin. (See our collection) There is stated, that this Franquelin 
was 'Hydrographe du Roy en Canada.' (Hydrographer of the king in Canada) 
and he dates his map from Quebec. That map of 1688 is much more detailed 
and shows a progress of the knowledge of the Mississippi. Of this our present 
map it is from many circumstances evident, that it is of a much earlier date 
and that it is one of the first French maps of the Mississippi, if not the very first 
one itself. 

"It is generally known that 'Sieur Jolliet ' who is named as the originator of the 
map, was the companion of father Marquette at his discovery of the Mississippi 
in 1773 [1673] He probably brought the materials of the map to Quebec, where 
the Pioyal Hydrographer Franquelin copied and compiled them and put them in 
a general picture of the French dominions in America, which then the Intendant 
Duchesneau sent out to France for the King. 

"Our map agrees in the principal points with the map, given as Marquette's 
map in Thevenot. We point out the following: 

" The whole course of the Mississippi is given on one map in the same manner as 
on the other, and its mouth on both maps under 30° N. L. Only on our map 
the Mississippi is indistinctly prolonged to the North and the Coasts of the 
Northern Ocean f Mer du Nord ') are near its head. 



178 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Franquelin, Jean Baptists Louis — Continued. 

" On both mapB is written East of the mouth of the Mississippi: 'Europeans' 
and West 'Tahensa.' Many other names agree iu the same manner. On 
both maps the 'w' or 'ou' in the different names is written '8.' 
"The Latitudes of the Upper and Central M. are on both maps a little different, 
but on both wrong. 

"The 'chameaux' (Camels), which Marquette only mentions are painted on 
this map. Likewise portraits of Buffaloes, deer, bears and ostriches are added. 
On Marquettg's map the Mississippi is written 'Mitchisipi' on this 'Messisipi.' 
The names of the Indian nations, which are written along the Eastern side of 
tbe Upper M. are not on Marquette's map. They are however also not taken 
from Hennepin's map or report. Nothing indicates, that when this map was 
made Hennepin had already travelled along that part of the upper M. which 
Marquette and Jolliet did not see. Even not his famous waterfalls of St. Anthony 
are indicated. We should therefore at all events p\a,ce owe map before the year 
1682, in which Hennepin travelled. 

' ' Those Indian names of which Marquette and Jolliet heard probably something 
by report, are however very interesting, because already the 'Siou' and the 
'Ihanctwa ' (Yanctons) are among them." 
Harrisse, in his "Notes," also describes it: 

"214. Carte grille de la France Septentrionalle contenant la decouuerte du pays des 
Ilinois faite par le sicur Jolliet. 2^ cartouche: A monseig. monseigneur Colbert 
conseiller du toy en son coseil royal. Ministre et secretaire d'eslat commandeur 
et grand tresorier des ordres de sa majeste par son tris humble, trh obeissant et trh 
fidelle seruiteur Duchesneav Intendant de la noulf France. 1 m. x70 c. 
"Cette carte n'est pas I'oeuvrede Jolliet, commeM. Parkman eemble le croire 
(Great-West, p. 409) car elle porte dans Tangle droit, en has, la signature sui- 
vante: Joannes Lvdouicus Franquelin pinxit. M. Duchesneau etait encore au 
Canada en Juillet 1682 (Brodhead ix, p. 174), mais il avait virtuellement 
ces86 d'etre Intendant de la Nouvelle-France quelques mois avant, puisque la 
nomination de son successeur (M. de Meules) est de Mai 1682. Cette carte est 
done ant(5rieure h, cette demi'Ve date, et d'autant plus importante qu'elle a 
pr6c6d6 les voyages authentiques de Cavelier de la Salle au Mississipi." 
Parkman, in his La Salle and the discovery of the great West. France and England 
in North America, part third. Boston, 1897. v. 2, pp. '224-5, says of this map: 
"Joliet, at about the same time, made another map, larger than that just men- 
tioned, but not essentially different. The letter to Frontenac is written upon 
both. There is a third map, of which the following is the title: Carte gcneralle 
de la France septentrionale contenant la descouuerte du pays des Illinois, faite par 
le Sr. Jolliet. This map, which is inscribed with a dedication by the Intendant 
Duchesneau to the minister Colbert, was made sometime after the voyage of 
Joliet and Marquette. It is an elaborate piece of work, but very inaccurate. 
It represents the continent from Hudson's Strait to Mexico and California, 
with the whole of the Atlantic and a part of the Pacific coast. An open sea is 
made to extend from Hudson's Strait westward to the Pacific. The St. Law- 
rence and all the Great Lakes are laid down with tolerable correctness, as also is 
the Gulf of Mexico. The Mississippi, called 'Messasipi,' flows into the Gulf, 
from which it extends northward nearly to the 'Mer du Nord.' Along its 
course, above the Wisconsin, which is called 'Miskous,' is a long list of Indian 
tribes, most of which cannot now be recognized, though several are clearly 
sub-tribes of the Sioux. The Ohio is called 'Ouaboustikou.' The whole 
map is decorated with numerous figures of animals, natives of the country, or 
supposed to be. Among them are camels, ostriches, and a giraffe, which are 
placed on the plains west of the Mississippi. But the most curious figure is 
that which represents one of the monsters seen by Joliet and Marquette, painted 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 179 

on a rock by the Indians. It corresponds with Marquette's description {ante, 
p. 59) This map, which is an early effort of the engineer Franquelin, does 
more credit to his skill as a designer than to his geographical knowledge, which 
appears in some respects behind his time." 

Jacques Nicolas Bellin in an article published in Memoire de Trevoux. oct- 
nov. 1743. 16°. Paris, 1743. pp. 2521-2541, 2713-2737, entitled Remarques 
. . . sur Us cartes & plans, qu'il a; ete charge de dresser, pour joindre a Vhistoire 
gineraU de la Nouvelh-France, du r. p. de Charlevoix, & au journal de son voyage 
dans cette partie du monde, makes frequent references to Franquelin; as does 
also Auguste Gosselin in an article published in Canadian royal society, Pro- 
ceedings, V. 1, sec. 1. pp. 15-61; r. 3, sec. 1, pp. 93-117; v. 4, sec. 1, pp. 33-34, 
entitled: Les /V.s / . ^ ,/ , i .i,ia<la — Le p. de Bonnecamps, dernier professeur 
d'hydrographie an ■ •■ '"\avant la conquele. 

For other maps m I , i; pi. in •■■ also titles 190, 203,219,220, 235, and 267. 
According to Cyprien T;uiguay's Dictionaire genealogique des families cana- 
diennes . . . Montreal. 1SS7, the date of Franquelin's birth is given as 1653. 
The following are miscellaneou.s references to Franquelin extracted from: 
Collection de nianuscrits contenant lettres, mhnoires, et aulres documents historiques 
relati/s a la Xouvelle-France . . . Quebec, 1SS3-1SS4. 
"A VersaUles, le 24" May, 1689. 

'• Ordre du Roy aux Sieurs de Denonville et de Champigny de donner au Sieiu 
Franquelin, maistre de geographic, qui s'en va en Canada pour faire la carte 
des parties du Nord d'Am^rique, tout le secours dont il aura besoing." v. 1, 
p. 451. 

" 1689. Monseigneiu-estsupplied'avoira faire attention but la recommendation 
qui luy en faicte par MM. de Denonville et Franquelin, en faveur dudit Fran- 
quelin qui a faict la carte du Canada.'' v. 1, p. 471. 

"1693. Permission fut donnee au Sieiur Franquelin, maistre d'hydrographie 
en Canada, de faire repasser en France sa famille compos^e de sa femme, de 
huict enfans et de deux ser\-ants '' v. 2, p. 117. 

"1693. Le Sieiu- de la Motte Cadillac a rendu compte de tout ce qui regarde 
I'estat de la Nouvelle Angleterre et de la Nouvelle Yorck. II en a foumy 
des memoires dont on se 6er\'ira en tems et lieux. II en a aussy foumy de 
I'estat des bayes, rades, rivieres, ports et havres des dits pais et de I'Acadie. 
II reste a faire des cartes exactes de I'entree du golfe de St. Latu'ens et de la 
riviere jusques a Quebec. 11 faut recueillir tres exactement les connoissances 
qu'en pourront avoir les gens pratiques comma le Sieur Joliet, et les employer 
pendant I'hyver avec I'ingenieur le Sieur Franquelin, mesme ledit Sieur de la 
Motte Cadillac, pour en dresser les cartes et verifier celles qtii ont est^ faictes." 
V. 2, p. 124. 

"1694. Le Sieur Franquelin fut renvoye au Canada pour y servir en quality 
d'hydrographe." v. 2, p. 155. 

"1697. Lettre de Monsieur de Chevry a Monsieur de Lagny. 
"A Paris, mercredy matin, 16° Janvier. 

"Je vous envoye. Monsieur, le Sieur Franquelin, avec le brouillon du plan 
de la baye et de la \'ille de Baston, dont, malgre ees occupations pressez, il 
promet une copie reguliere dans mardy proschain. 

"II a chez luy la carte des eostes depuis Pentagouet jusquea ^ cette baye, et 
depuis cette baye jusques a Manhatte, et le plan de cette vUle et de ses en\'i- 
rons. Je vous supplys de I'escouter affin qu"il nous tienne parolle car Mon- 
sieur de Vauban ne luy laisse guere de tems. 

"Sy les Bureaux venoient icy aujourd'huy, on poiuroit toujours faire voir ce 
brouillon a Monsieur Phelipeaux et a Monsieur de la Touche. 
" J'ay rhonneurd"estre tres pas.sionnement, vostre tres humble et tres obeissant 
sers-iteur. De Che\-n,'." v. 2. p. 253. 



180 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1688 

Franquelin, Jean Baptiste Louis, b. 1653. 

Carte de I'Amerique septentrionale . . . contenant le pays 
de Canada ou Nouvelle France, La Louisiane, la Floride, Virginie, 
Nile. Suede, Nile. Yore, Nile. Angleterre, Arcadie, He de Terre- 
Neuve . . . en I'annee 1688, j^ar Jean Baptiste Louis Franquelin, 
hydrographe du Roi a Quebec en Canada. Ms. 157 x 100 cms. 

Original in Bib. du Depot de la Marine. Paris. 

No. 161 in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte de I'Amerique. 
Catalogue des Documents Geographiques exposees a ... la Biblio- 
theque Nationale. Paris, 1892. Not pub. by Dufosse. ix 190 

Note. — The Library of Congress has recently come into possession of an exact 
manuscript copy of this map. The correct title reads: 

"Carte de VAmenque septentrionale depuis le 25: jiisqtt'au 65'^ deg. de latt. & 
environ 140: & 235 deg. de longitude. Contenant les pays de Canada ou Nouvelle 
France, la Louisiane, la Floride, Virginie, N^l''. Suede, ISPf. Yore, N'"''. Angleterre 
Acadie, Isle de Terre-neuve &c. Le tout, trls-fidellement dresse, conformement 
aux obseniations q', Vauteur en afaites liiy mesnie pendant plus de 16 annees, par 
I'ordre des gouuemeurs et intendans du pays, pour le service du roy, et pour leur 
instruction particuliire; et suiuant les memoircs <t relations qu'il a eu soin de 
recHillir exactement par le mesme ordre & pendant le mesme temps, de tous les 
voyageurs les plus entendus qu'il a consultez et confrontez auec une application 
toute particuliire; En I'annee 1688: Par lean Baptiste Louis Franquelin hydro- 
graphe du roy. A Quebec en Canada. Echelle de cent quarante lieues [=6} m.] 
[Colored] 40 x 63^ inches. [Bihliothique du Dep6t des cartes et plans de la 
marine — Pans. Atlas 4040^ no. 3]" An exact copy of the original ms. map 
by Franquelin dated 1688, deposited in the Archives du d6p6t des cartes de la 
marine at Paris. 

Title in the upper right-hand comer surrounded by a garland and drapery; 
in the left-hand corner, large crown, fleurs-de-lis, and globe. Large view of 
" Quebec comme il se voit du c6le de Vest ' ' in lower right-hand corner. 
This map whUe elaborate does not show careful drawing. The drawing is 
such as to magnify the french territory to the evident detriment of the Eng- 
lish. It is valuable in connection with the Great Lakes, Upper Mississippi 
and St. Lawrence river region. 

This map was praised by Parkman as the most accurate. 
Harrisse, in his Notes . . . gives the title, p. 207, title 234. 
In the Kohl Collection, 232, the reduced manuscript copy is found with many 
omissions, including the view of Quebec. He subtitles it: " The Mississippi by 
J. B. L. Franquelin." 

Winsor states in his description of this collection: 

"It is called Carte manuscripte de I'Amerique septentrionale par J. B. Louis 
Franquelin, hydrographe du roy en Canada. Quebec en 1688. It gives the 
Mississippi a wide, zigzag course, and makes it debouch on the coast of Texas. 
Kohl has not annotated it. It has been engraved for E. D. Neill's History 
of Minnesota, 1882; and this engraving is reproduced in the Nar. and Crit. 
Hist. America, iv, 230, 231, and in Winchell's Final report of the geological 
survey of Minnesota, vol. 1, pi. 2." 

Parkman, in his La Salle and the discovery of the great West, France in England and 
America, part third. Boston, 1897. v. 2, pp. 228-9, in the "Appendix" describ- 
ing "Early unpublished maps of the Mississippi and the Great Lakes," says: 



THE LOWEKY COLLECTION 181 

"Perhaps the most interesting feature in Franquelin's map is his sketch of 
La Salle's evanescent colony on the Illinois, engraved for thia volume. He 
reproduced the map in 1688, for presentation to the king, with the title Carte 
de VAmcriqiie Septentrionale, depuis le 25 jusqu'au 65 degre de latitude et environ 
140 et 235 dcgrcs de longitude, etc. In this map, Franquelin corrects various 
errors in that which preceded. One of these corrections consists in the removal 
of a branch of the river Illinois which he had marked on his first map, — as 
will be seen by referring to the portion of it in this book, — but which does not 
in fact exist. On this second map, La Salle's colony appears in much dimin- 
i.«hed proportions, his Indian settlements having in good measure dispersed. 
Two later maps of New France and Louisiana, both bearing Franquelin's 
name, are preserved in the Depot des Cartes de la Marine, as well as a number 
of smaller maps and sketches, also by him. They all have more or less of 
the features of the great map of 1684, which surpasses them all in interest and 
completeness." 

Portions of some of these maps are reproduced in Pinart's Recueil de cartes. 
Paris, E. Dufosse, 1893. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1235. 
For reference to the various Franquelin maps, consult title 189, 203, 219, 220, 
235 and 267 of this collection. 



Costa e Miranda, Joseph da. 

Map c)f Western Europe, Africa and America inscribed: "Joseph 
Acosta Miranda Afez en Lisboa 16SS." Ms. in colors on paper. 
132 X 104 cms. 

Original in Brit. Mus. Add. Ms. 31,321. 

Shows only Florida peninsula and Gulf of Mexico with coast 
names only. Not worth copying. 191 

Note. — The title of this map and the name of author as given in the British 
Museum catalogue is as follows: 

31,321. Map of Western Europe, Africa and America, with drawings of moun- 
tains, animals, etc.; by Joseph da Costa e Miranda, Lisbon. 1688. Portug. 
Paper; 4 ft. 4 in. x 3 ft. 5 %n. 
Title 31,320. D is also by the same author: 

D. Map of the West India islands and Central America, uith the title " Noua 
descrisqcU) das castas ilhas e terra firme das Tndias ocidentais compostas [stc] a maior 
parte deltas pello que 7tio, e como o parr,er de algun's pilotos praticos nas ditas castas, 
o capitam Comclio Alcman em 30 de Inlho de 690 e nouamente traduzida a melhor 
forma por Joseph da Costa e Miranda casmographo de cartas de marear em Lixbaa 
annodc 1698.'' Portug. Drau-n in gold and colours uith the royal ai-ms of Portugal. 
Vellum; 4 ft. 11 in. x 2 ft. 7\ in. 

Vicente -Almeida d'E^a in an article entitled: A cartographia maritima portu- 
gxieza e os seus antecedentes, published in Boletim da Sociedade de geographia de 
Lisboa. dec. 1903, v. 21. pp. 451-462, says: 

"Antonio de Miranda; segundo o sr. Sousa Viterbo era em 1676 o imico mestre 
examinado. Parece que seria seu filho Joseph da Costa Mirando, auctor dos 
mappas existentes na Escola Xaval, e que sao dafados de 1681." 



Du Tralage, Jean Nicolas, sieur de TiUemon, d. 1696. 

L'Amerique Septentrionale, ou la Partie Septentrionale des 
Indes Occidentales. Dressee sur les Memoires le plus Nouveaux. 



182 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Du Tralage, Jean Nicolas— Cunt inued. 

Corrigee et augment ee Par le Sr Tillemon; et Dediee A son Excel- 
lence Monseigneur Pierre Venier, Ambassadeur ordinaire de la 
Serenissime Republique de Venise, pres de sa Majeste tres Chres- 
tienne Levis le Grand Par le P. Coronelli, Cosmographe de la Ser"!" 
Republique de Venise. A Paris Chez I. B. Nolin, sur le Quay de 
I'Horloge du Palais, Vers le Pont Neuf, a I'Enseigne de la Place des 
Victoires. Avec Privilege du Roy. 16S9. Colored outline. 
60.7 X 45 cms. wl 192 

Note. — Thi.'f map shows the various commercial routes on the east and the 
statement is given: "le P. Coronelli autheur de cette carte en a fait plusieurs 
autres de I'Amt'rique septentrionale, sfauoir le Canada, le Nouveau Mexique, 
I'Archipelague du Mexique, oil sont les isles Antilles, etc." 
For information relating to Coronelli, Nolin and Tillemon, whose correct name 
is Jean Nicolas Du Tralage, sieur de Tillemon, consult title 177. 



Mapa del camino que el auo de 1689 hizo el Gobernador Alonso 
de Leon desde Cuahuila (Nueva Espana) hasta hallar cerca del 
lago de San Bernado el lugar donde havian poblado f ranceses. Ms. 
40.5x29 cms. Unsigned. Anonymous. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Ind. Sevilla. Secret? de N. E. Secular. 
Audiencia de Megico. Expedientes sobre el reconocimiento y for- 
tificacion de la Bahia del Espiritu Santo que esta en la costa sep- 
tentrional del Seno Megicano. Aiios de 1690 a 1698. Est. 61 ; Caj. 6; 
Leg. 21. 

Pedro Torres Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1, 
p. 66, no. 86. Facsimile in "De Leon's Expedition of 1689" by 
Ehzabeth Howard West, in The Quarterly of the Texas State His- 
torical Association, vol. viii, Jan. 1905, No. 3, p. 199, where its 
authorship is attributed to Carlos de Sigiienza y Gongora. wl 193 

Note. — In a translation, by Elizabeth Howard West, of A brief compendium 
of the events which have occurred in the province of Texas from its conquest, or 
reduction, to the present day, by . . . don Antonio Bonilla . . . 1772, published 
in the Quarterly of the Texas state historical association, 1904-05, r. 8, are certain 
references to Alonzo de Leon among which this extract is of interest : 
" [First entrada into the province of Texas, by Alonzo de Leon] 
" He made known the entry of the French into the Bay of Espiritu Santo, and, 
by order of His Excellency the Conde de Monclova, Captain Alonzo de Leon, 
governor of Coaguila, went thither. 

' ' He began his expedition with a hundred men on the twenty-third day of March 
of the said year 1689, taking with him the above-mentioned Frenchman Juan 
Henrique. On the twenty-second day of April they foimd the fort which they 
were seeking dismantled, the buildings sacked, and the Frenchmen dead. 
On the twenty-third, [Leon] examined the bay, where only email vessels 
could anchor, and on the twenty-sixth [he explored] the San Marcos River, 
. which has its outlet through the said bay. On the first of May, the chief of the 
Texas presented himself, bringing in his company two Frenchmen, streaked 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 183 

with paint like the Indians. [The Frenchmen] brought news that more than a 
hundred of their companions had died of small-pox, and that the rest, surprised 
by the Indians, had miserably perished by stabs and blows. [Alonzo de Leon 
treated the chief of the Texas kindly. The latter, very much pleased, offered to go 
with some of his nation to the Province of Coaguila] 
" [Second Entrada, by Alonzo de Leon] 

" In the year 1690, the aforesaid Alonzo de Leon returned with a hundred and 
ten soldiers. He rescued two Frenchmen and one Frenchwoman. 
" The feast of Corpus Christi was celebrated among the Texas on the twenty-fifth 
day of May, in the presence of the [Indian] chief and all his nation. When 
mass was over, the ceremony of raising the standard in the King's name was 
gone through with, possession was taken of the countrj', and the Mission of San 
Francisco de los Texas was founded." 

In the article by E. H. West referred to in the title is the Itinerary of the 
expedition made by general Alonzo de Leon for the discovery of the Bahia del 
Espirilu Saydo andthefrench settlement. 1689. 

The same Quarterly for nov. 1908, v. 12, has an article by Herbert E. Bolton 
entitled Sotes on Clark's ' The beginnings of Texas, ' in which, in a note to 
page 149, notice of the map is given which says that the map is signed "Si- 
guenza, 16S9." A biography of Carlos de Siguenza y Gongora (1645-1700) is 
in Diccionario endclopedico hispano-americano. v. 19. p. 10.5. 
The following title is from the British Museiim catalogue of additions, 1848- 
18.53 (no. 17566): 

"Derrotcro de la Jornada que hizo el general Alonzo de Leon para el descubrimiento 
de la Bahaia del Espirilu Santo y Pobladon de Franceses. Ano de 1689. About 
170 words to a page. It begins 'Marzo Dias 23. Este via salieron los que se 
hallaban en coahuila y anduvieron una legua rio abaxo' &c." 
Consult also p. 135 of Cesareo Femindez Diiro's, Bon Diego de Penalosa y su 
descubrimiento del reino de Quiviva. 4°. Madrid, M. Tello, 1882, which is 
extracted from vol. 10 of the Coleccidn de memorias de la Real academia de historia 
de Madrid, and R. C. Clark's The beginnings of Texas in the Quarterly of the Texas 
state historical association, January 1902. v. 5. pp. 171-205, for an account of 
the expeditions of Leon. 

In a manuscript note by Lowery to the reproduction in this collection is the 
statement that : 

"There is a duplicate facsimile copy of this map in the Biblioteca Nacional. 
Madrid. P. V. 4". C-5. No. 22, with a query in the catalogue: 'Seria Sig- 
uenza el autor del piano?' This copy has a hole of about 3 cms. in diameter 
burned in the centre. There is in the 'D^pot de Cart. PI. et Joum. de la 
Marine, Paris, no. 14.199 (or 1499) a MS. map entitled 'Route que firent 
les Espagnols pour venir enlever les franfois restez {sic) a la Baj-e S Bernard 
ou S' Louis aprez la perte du vaisseau de M'. de la Salle en 1689' which ap- 
pears to be based or copied after the Siguenza map, although drawn to a larger 
scale. See my photoc;raph of the Paris map. 'Autos' on Leon's expedition 
accompany the map." 

Consult Hubert Howe Bancroft's History of the Pacific states, v. 10, pp. 399-400 
for account of de Leon's expedition to Espiritu Santo. 
For other references to Leon, consult title 197. 

In the Archivo general of Mexico in a mss. collection entitled Memorias para la 
historia de la America septentrional, v. 27, is the "Derrotero de la Jornada que 
hizo el general Alonzo de Leon para el descubrimiento de la Bahia del Espiritu 
Santo, y Poblaciob de Franceses, ano de 1689, in Memorias para la historia de la 
America Septentrional, xvii 1 et seg." 



184 LIBKARY OF CONGRESS 

Mapa del camino — Continued. 

This is general Leon's diary beginning march 23rd and ending may 30th, 1689. 
The volume has been copied for the Texas state library and the library of the 
University of Texas. 

Consult also Bethel Coopwood's Notes on the history of la bahia del Espiritu 
Santo in the Quarterly of the Texas state historical association, october, 1898, 
V. 2; and also the translation by Lilia M. Casis of the Letter of don Damian 
Manzanet to don Carlos de Siguenza, relative to the discovery of the bay of Espiritu 
Santo, in v. 2, pp. 253-312, January, 1899, of the same Quarterly. 
The Library has two manuscript volumes purchased from the Barlow sale, 
entitled Documentos para la historia ecclesiastica y civil de la provinciade Texas, 
Vol. 1 contains an account of the journey performed by general Alonzo Leon 
for the discovery of the bay of Espiritu Santo and french settlement, 1689. 



Route que firent les Espagnols pour venir enlever les franfoia 
restez (s-ic) a la Baye S Bernard ou S' Louis aprez (sic) la parte du 
vaisseau de M''. de la Salle en 1689. Ms. about 32 x 31 cms. 
Unsigned. Anonymous. 

Original in Depot de Cart. PI. et Journ. de la Marine. Paris. 
No. 14.199 (or 1499) I have a photographic copy, which Chade- 
nat says was in Margry's collection. Dimensions of photo, which 
appears to be that of the original: 32 x 31 cms. (about) See 
"De Leon's Expedition of 1689" by Elizabeth Howard West, in 
The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Asso. Vol. vni, Jan. 
1905, p. 201, note 3. wl 194 

Note. — Parkman in his La Salic and the discovery of the Great West citea 
this map and also cites part of Margry's manuscript collection. Consult title 
193 and the references to La Salle in title 183. 

1690? 
Mapa del Seno Mexicano desde San Bernado hasta Nucva Francia, 
Rio de San Lorenzo, Lago del Delfin &c. Ms. 30 x 21 cms. Un 
signed, undated. Anonymous. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Ind. Sevilla. Secret? de N. E. Aitdienr 
cia de Megico. Azogues Cartas y expedientes sobre el descubri- 
miento de Minas de Azogues en la N. E. y repartimiento de los 
que remiten de Espaua anos de 1698 a 1701. Est. 61; Caj. 6; 
Leg. 17. 

D. Pedro Torres Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida, " Tomo i, p. 
52, No. 62, dates it 1665. It is in two sheets, substantially dupli- 
cates. The 1st sheet on which is the legend "La Ensenada de 
nueva Espafia ano de 1690," with but two or three names of locali- 
ties, appears to be an exceedingly crude attempt at the second 
sketch (of which I have a tracing) The paper, handwriting, mode 
of drawing and use of capitals is identical in both, and the two 
sheets came together. I have absolutely no doubt but that the 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 185 

undated sketch (my tracing) is by the same hand, and of the same 
date i. e. 1690. wl 195 

Note.— Consult reference in AVilliam R. Shepherds (Vi/iV/c to the materials for 
the history of the United States in Spanish archives (Sinianras. the archivo historico 
nacional, and Seville) S°. Washington, D. C, Canuyic imtitnlion of Washing- 
ton, 1907, p. 61. B. Audiencia of Mexico (Inventory I) 

1. Expediente concerning the examination and fortification of the Bay of 
Espiritu Santo on the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico, 3 legajos, 1684-1705. 

2. Id. Concerning the french settlements on the gulf of Mexico, 1 legajo, 
1701-1719. 



new mapp of the Empire of Mexico Describing the Continent 
to the Ismus of Panama together ^nth all the Islands in the North 
Sea &c. F. Lamb sculp. 41.8 x 28 cms. 2 cart. Unsigned, 
tmdated. Axionymous. 

Shows coast names only. Virginia, Carolina, Florida & Gulf. 
Does not show California & New Mexico. Brit. Mus. Cat. Maps. 
87. e. 28, gives London, 1690? lc 196 

Note. — This map is taken from the 3rd edition of Thomas Giage's A new 
survey of the West-Indies. London, 1677. It was first published in this 
edition but is found in others published afterwards. The Library of Congress 
has also the 4th edition of 1699 containing this map. 

For references to maps in first edition of Gage, consult title 144. Consult a life 
of Gage in Dictionary of national biography, v. 20. pp. .353-355. 
For references to other maps of Francis Lamb, consult index to Phillips' iisi of 
Geographical Atlases. 

1690 
Mapa del Viaxe que el ano 1690 liizo el Gobernador Alonso de 
Leon desde CuahuUa hasta la Carolina, Provincia habiUtada de 
Texas y otras Naciones al Nordeste de la Nueva Espana." 58 x 58 
cms. ^Is. in colors and description. Unsigned. Anonymous. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 61; Caj. 6; Leg. 
21 (.3). 

In one comer is an inset "Descripcion exacta del Lago de 

San Bernardo y del de Todos los Santos que nuevamente se hallo 

este ano de 1690." The map is accompanied by "autos" relating 

to the expedition. Tliis is an important map for Texas and gives 

details wliich do not appear in Cardenas', 1691, "Planta Cosmo- 

grapliica del lago de San Bernardo" &c. No. 88 in Lanzas, "Mapas 

de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. 197 

Note. — For reference to this map and the document of this expedition of 1690, 

consult Elizabeth Howard West's De Leon's expedition of 16S9, note, p. 219, and 

also Bethel Coopwood's \otes on the history of la bahia del Espiritu Santo, 

in the Quarterly of the Texas state historical association. Oct. 1898. r. 2. 

An interesting item also in this last article, p. 165, is the following: 

"The royal engineer, Don Augustin Lopez de la Cdmara Alta, made a map of 

Nuevo Santander, including in the northeastern portion of it the ancient site 



186 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Mapa del Viaxe — Continued. 

of the 'Presidio y Mision de la Bahia del Espfritu Santo,' showing it on the 
right margin of the ' Rio de Guadalupe ' and placing the site of Santa Dorot6a 
on the left margin of the 'Rio de San Antonio,' also showing the Espfritu 
Santo bay into which the two rivers emptied. It also contains a tracing of the 
route of the troops in going to the presidio and mission on the Guadalupe. It 
was filed in the archives at Mexico, in connection with the report of Don Jos6 
Tienda de Cuervo, royal inspector general, in 1757, and is still intact in volume 
29 of the historical branch of the general archives." 
See also title 195. 

1690-1733? 

Schenk, Pieter, 1645-1715. 

Tabula Mexicae et Floiidae. Terrarum Anglicarum, et ante- 
riorum Americae Insularum; item cursuum et circuituum fluminis 
Mississipi dicti. Amstel. prostant apud Petrum Schenck, Cum 
Privil. 61 X 47 cms. witla above title exterior to measurement. 
Plate 61.5 X 49 cms. Colors. Undated. 

Shows only Florida, New Mexico, Texas. Not California, lc 198 

Note. — A copy of this impression is in the collection of the Library of Congress. 
It was copied from Guillaume Delisle's "Carte du Mexique et de la Floride, 
de terres angloises et des isles Antilles, du cours et des environs de la riviire 
de Mississipi, dressee sur un grand nombre de memcnres principalemf, sur ceux 
de m". d' Iberville et le Sueur." 

This impression of Delisle was originally published in 1703, without, however, 
the descriptive notes inserted in the map or the commercial routes. The 
Schenk impression evidently reprinted from the 1722 impression of Delisle, 
is translated into latin. Lower California, is omitted, and an engraving of a 
naval battle not on the Deli.sle original is added. This Delisle map was repub- 
lished by Ph. Buache, "gendre de I'auteur, avec privilege du 30 av. 1745." 
Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, for description of the various 
Delisle's atlases containing these maps. 

An impression of this map without date is found in Johann Baptista Homann's 
Neuer atlas, 171'2-[1730] Consult the forthcoming volume to Phillips' List of 
Geographical Atlases. 

The Schenk impression is probably a reprint of this, with differences only of 
cartouches and illustrations. For various other impressions of the Homann 
edition consult also the above "List." 

The map here mentioned is probably the edition of 1710, of Pieter Schenk and 
Gerard Vaick, Atlas contractus. It is not in the edition of 1709 described in 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 551. 

Consult Woltersdorf's Repertorium der land- und seekarten, 181S, p. 112, for a 
description of Schenk's atlases. 

For notices of the life of Schenk, consult Abraham Jacob van der Aa, Biographisch 
woordenboeh der Nederlanden, 1874, v. 17, pp. 287-288, and Georg Kaspar Nagler, 
Neues allgemdnes kunstlerlexikon, 1845, v. 15, pp. 185-192. 
In 1717 the stock originally belonging to the firm of Visscher, founded in 1616, 
passed into the hands of Pieter Schenk. 



Mapa de la provincia dondc luibita la Nacion Casdudacho (Texas) 
Santa Maria de GaJve. 60 x 38 cms. Ms. on parchment with col- 
ors. Unsimod. Anonymous. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 187 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 61 ; Caj . 6 ; Leg. 2. 

In one corner is the coat of arms in colors of the families of 
Teran y Rios and the Inscription: "Executose en la elevacion del 
Polo Boreo de 35 grados, 30 niinutos dentro del seno Mexicano, 
governando el Exercito que le liizo el General Don Domingo Theran 
de los Rios Themiente General de la Nueva Espana. Alio 1691. 
Hizose est a visita en chcha Nacion y Provincia en 28 de Noviembre " 
&c. No. 90 in Lanzas, "Mapasde Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. 199 

Note. — Consiilt references in James Alexander Robertson's List of documents 
in Spanish archives relating to the history of the United States, p. 124, title 1883. 
For account of this expedition consult Robert Carlton Clark's The beginnings oj 
Texas in the Quarterly of Texas state historical association, January 1902, v. 5, 
which states amongst other things that: ''To command this third expedition 
the Conde de Galve appointed Don Domingo Teran de las Ryos, governor of 
Cohuila and Texas. ' ' 

In the Archivo general, of Mexico, in a mss. collection entitled Memoria para 
la historia de la America septentrional, v. 27, is the Descripcion y diaria 
demarcacion executada por el general Don Domingo Teran principiada enl6de mayo 
de 1691, y finalizada en 15 de ahl. de 1692. 

"This is a full and detailed account of general Teran'a movements diu-ing the 
time indicated by the title, — his journey to mission San Francisco; his return 
march to Espiritu Santo Bay; his expedition from Santa Margarita to the 
province of Nueva Montaiia; his Paso derrota, y Tanteo en la tierra que hice 
. . . al nuero descubrimiento de la nacion de los Cadodachos; and his final 
return to Santa Margarita and embarkation for Vera Cruz. 
This volume has been copied for the Texas state library and the library of 
the University of Texas. 

The manuscript volume in Library of Congress, entitled Documentos para la 
historia ecclesiastica y civil de la provincia de Texas, referred to in title 193, con- 
tains the following: ''Instructions issued by the Superior Government to Gen'. 
Teran for entering Texas — 1691." — " Description d: Demarcation by Gen'. Teran — 



Cardenas, Manuel Joseph, de. 

Plant a Cosmograpliica del lago de San Bernardo con los senos y 
Rios que a el se comunican, descubierto por horden del Exmo. Sr. 
Conde de Galue Virrey, Gobernador y Capitan General desta Nueva 
Espana, observada y delineada por D. Manuel Joseph de Cardenas 
aficionado a las Matematicas. — Auo de 1691. 27 x 40 cms. Ms. 
in colors. 

Origmal in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 61 ; Caj. 6; Leg. 
21 (1) 

Extends from 27° to 29° 50' North Latitude. A "relacion y 
derrotero del viaje hecho desde Vera Cruz hasta la Bahia de San 
Bernardo al descubrimiento de la poblacion que tenian los fran- 
ceses" accompanies the maps. This map shows the Trinity River 
and the rivers emptjTng mto the bay of San Bernardo for a part of 
their course. Their names are : Rio de la santissima Trinidad; Rio 



188 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Cardenas, Manuel Joseph de — Continued. 

del espiritu santo; Rio de San Marcos (tributary of the Rio del 
Espiritu Santo) Rio de los franceses; Rio de Guadaloupe and Rio 
de Medina. An important map for Texas. No. 89 in Lanzas, 
"Mapas de Mexico 3' Florida." Tomo 1. 200 

Note. — For references to this expedition to Espiritu Santo or San Bernard's 
bay, consult Robert Carlton Clark's The beginnings of Texas, with the bibliog- 
raphy attached in the Quarterly of the Texas state historical association, January, 
1902, V. 5. The contents of the two volumes entitled Docitmentos para la his- 
toria ecclesiastica y civil de la provincia de Texas, variously mentioned in the 
above titles, are described in Herbert Eugene Bolton's Some materials for south- 
western history in the "Archivo general de Mexico" published in the Quarterly of 
the Texas state historical association, October, 1902, v. 6, pp. 103-112; also in an 
article by prof. George P. Garrison, entitled The archivo general de Mexico, pub- 
lished in the Nation, for may 30, 1901. 



Le Clercq, Chretien, 1641 ?-1699 ? 

Carte Generalle de la Nouvelle France oil est compris la Louisiane 
Gaspesie et le Nouueau Mexique auec les Isles Antilles. D'ressee 
sur les memoires les plus nouueaux. 1691. 3.3.8 x 48.5 cms. 1 
cartouche. Unsigned. 201 

Note. — No surname was given to this author, but the title of the map is so 
similar that I have given the full name, birth and death of the author whose 
work is described in title 202. 

That there is a map of this title is seen by the following title, p. 33, title 90, 
of Gabriel Marcel's Cartographic de la Nouvelle France . . . 1885. 
"Carte generalle de la Nouvelle France oil est compris la Lovisiane Gaspesie et le 
Nouueau Mexique auec les Isles Antilles. Dressee sur les memoires les plus 
nouueaux. 1691. L. Rouillard delineauit. L. Boudan sculp, (par Le Clercq 
d'apris une note mss' du temps sur Vexemplaire de la Bibliothique) D.C.B. N. F. 
St. Victor. Pf. 200.5226. 

"(Bien que cette carte ait 6t6 enregistr^e par M. Harrisse sous le n" 367, nous 
la d^crivons k nouveau a cause de quelques erreurs qu'il avait commises et de 
I'attribution qui lui est denude) " 

In a list by P. L. Morin, entitled Plans, cartes, vues et dessins relatifs a I'histoire 
de la Nouvelle France, title 42, p. 1617, in the Catalogue of the library of par- 
liament, 1858, is a map evidently the same as mentioned in this list and enti- 
tled: Carle generalle de la Nouvelle France. 1 feuille. 1690. " Sur cette carte 
sont indiqu^s les lieux oil les P. P. r^collets, j^suites et autres missionnaires 
avaient leurs missions." See also title 202. 



1692 
Rouillard, I. 

Carte generalle de la Nouvelle France oil est compris la Lovisiane, 
Gaspesie et le Nouueau Mexique auec les Isles Antilles. Dressee 
sur les memoires les plus nouueaux. 1692. I. Rouillard delineauit. 
L. Boudan sculp. 33 x 48.3 cms. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 189 

In Le Clercq (Chretien, 1641 ?-1699?) First establishment of the 
Faith in New France. Now first translated, with notes, by John 
Gilmary Shea. New York, J. G. Shea, 1881. vol. 2, p. 8. " 

"Some copies of the map are said to bear the date 1692. The last 
firrure has something of the appearance of a 2, but seems to be 
really a 1." Quoted by P. Lee Phillips in A list of Maps of America, 
p. 563. LC 202 

Note.— The date 1692 has been retained in this title notwithstanding the 
statement, noted above, title 201, that it seems to be 1691. In the various biblio- 
graphical descriptions of this work of Le Clercq's, such as in Sabin, Rich, Le 
Clerc, and various others including the very extensive notice, title 169, pp. 
157-167, in Harrisse's Xotes, no mention is found of a map. The Carter-Brown 
Catalogue in the description of this work, mentions a map in the collection, 
but gives no norice of it. So the only information is what has been quoted in the 
Shea translation. 

The following editorial note quoted from Winsor's Narrative and critical history 
of America, v. 4, P- 291, describes very fully this work, with references to 
the various accounts of the life of the author: 

"This translation, of which only 250 copies were printed, was made by Dr. 
Shea. He introduces it with ' A sketch of Father Christian Le Clercq,' which 
includes a bibliographical account of his works. The book supplements in a 
measure Sagard's Histoire du Canada, since that had given the earlier labors as 
this portrays the later works of the Recollects, or at least more minutely than 
Sagard. The Recollects had been recalled to Canada to thwart the Jesuits, 
and Le Clercq reached Quebec in 1673, and was assigned in 1675 to the vicinity 
of the Bay of Gaspe as a missionarj' field; and it is of his labors in this region 
that we learn in his Kouvelle relation de la Gaspesie, which was printed in Paris 
in 1691 (cf. Harrisse, Notes, 170; Field, Indian bibliography, 902; Temaux, 
176; Faribault, 82; Lenox, in Historical magazine, ii. 25; Dufosse Americana, 
1878, 75 and 100 francs; Sabin, vol. x. p. 159; Stevens, Bibliotheca historica, 
1870, no. 1,113; Brinley catalogue, 102; Le Clercq, Bibl. amer., 746, 140 
francs; Carter-Brown, vol. ii. no. 1,415; O'Callaghan, no. 1,360) and Le 
Clercq refers his readers to the present work for a continuation of the storj', 
but it does not contain it, that portion being suppressed, as Dr. Shea thinks. 
The Jesuits are bitterly satirized by Le Clercq in the concluding part of the 
first volume, and in the second of the Etablissement. Shea's collation of the 
Nouvelle relation does not correspond with the Harvard college copy, which has 
28 instead of 26 preliminary leaves. See also Sabin's Dictionary, vol. x. no. 39, 
649; Field's Indian bibliography, no. 903; Harrisse, Notes sur la nouvelle 
France, no. 170; Boucher de la Richarderie, \-i. 21; Faribault, p. 82. 
"The original edition of the Etnblissemeyit had two varieties of title, one bearing 
the author's name in full, and the other concealing it by initials. It is very 
rare with either title, but copies can be found in the Carter-Brown Library 
(see Catalogue, no. 1,413) and in the Sparks Collection at Cornell University 
(see Sparks Catalogue, no. 1,482) Dr. Shea notes other copies in Baron James 
Rothschild's library at Paris, and in the Abbe H. Verreau's collection at 
Montreal. Mr. Stewart tells me there are copies in the libraries at Laval 
University, of the Quebec government, of the Literary and Historical Society 
of Quebec, and of Parliament, at Ottawa. The Lenox Library has a copy of 
what seems the same edition, with the title changed to Histoire des colonies 
franfoises, Paris and Lyons, 1692. Mr. Lenox (Historical magazine, January, 
1858), following Sparks and others, claimed that the 1691 edition was suppressed; 



190 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Rouillard, I. — Continued. 

but Harrisse {Notes, ek'. p. 159) disputes this in a long notice of the book, in 
which he cites Oeuvres de Messire Anloine Arnould, Paris, 1780, xxiv. 720, to the 
contrary. Le Clercq's book should have a map, 'Carte generalle de la Xouvelle 
France,' which is given in fac-simile in vol. ii. of this translation. It includes 
all North America, except the Arctic regions, but, singularly, omits Lake 
Cham plain' 

"President Sparks wrote in his copy: 'An extremely rare book. . . It is pecu- 
liarly valuable as containing the first original account of the discoveries of La 
Salle by two [Recollect] missionaries who accompanied him. From this book, 
also, Hennepin drew the account of his pretended discovery of the Miss- 
issippi River.' See the bibliographical notice in Shea's Discovery and Explora- 
tions of the Mississippi valley, p. 78. Sparks in his Life of La Salle, first pointed 
out how Hennepin had plagiarized from the journal of Father Membr^, con 
tained in Le Clercq. See further in Shea's Mississippi valley, p. S3 et seq. 
where Membr^'s journal in Shea's translation from Le Clercq was printed for 
the first time, and the note on Hennepin, following chap, viii of the present 
volume. Harrisse, Notes, etc., p. 160, points out what we owe to this work for 
a knowledge of La Salle's explorations. Cf. Parkman's La Salle; Field's In- 
dian Bibliography, no. 90S, with a note touching the authorship; Brunei, 
Supplement, i. 810, noting copies sold, — Maison-neuve, 250 francs; Sobolewski, 
150 thalers; Tross (1873), 410 francs; Dufoss^, 600 francs; Le Clercq, no. 2,833, 
1,500 francs. 

"The bibliographers are agreed that others than Le Clercq were engaged in the 
Etahlissement, and that the part concerning Frontenac was clearly not by Le 
Clercq. Charlevoix says Frontenac himself assisted in it; and it is Shea's 
opinion that extraneous matter was attached to Le Clercq's account of the 
Recollect missions, to convert the book into an attack in large part on the 
Jesuits. — " 

William F. Ganong, in the introduction to Le Clercq's New Relation of 
Gaspeda . . . 1910, in reference to this book says: "The book contains no 
pictures, and usually no maps, although the map of New France, made to 
illustrate his other book, is sometimes found in this. The eastern portion is 
reproduced in this volume." 



Franquelin, Jean Baptiste Louis, h. 1653. 

Carte generals de la Xouvelle France dans I'Amerique Sept>jn- 

trionale, oil est encore compris la Nouvelle Angleterre, la Nouvelle 

Yore , . . et la Floride, par Franquelin. 

See ibid. 1708 as my source of information. Extends from 15° 

N. lat. to 65° and west to include Gulf coast and part of Texas. 

Described inferentially. Not seen. lc 203 

Note. — The full title of this map with accompanying remarks is from 
Harrisse's "Notes," p. 211-212, title 248: 

"Carte generalle de la Nouvelle France dans VAmerique Septentrionale oil est 
encore compris la Nouvelle Angleterre la Nouvelle Yore la nouvele Albanie, La 
Pansilvanie la Virginie et la Floride. ^« cartouche: A Monseigneur monsigneur 
le comte de Pontchartrain ministre et secretaire d'etat par son trh humble, trh 
obeissant et trisfidele serviteur Franquelin. 53 x 44 c. B. D. C. M. Etats- Unis, 
Cartes generales, no. 10. 

"Cette petite carte, d'un travail admirable, est (^videmment une rMuction 
faite k Paris, probablement par V. de la Croix, car dans Tangle gauche on 



THE LOWEBY COLLECTION 191 

y voit la date de 1708, or en cette annee Franquelin etait mort, depuis au 
moins dix ans. 

"Nous remarquons, venant se jeter dans le golfe du Mexique, une rivifere des 
Cenu, BUT laquelle il y a deux croix. L'une porte cette l^gende: 'Tombeau 
du Sr. De la Salle,' I'autre: ' Tombeau du Sr. de Home.' 
" Les noms des rivieres et des lacs sent pr^cis^ment ce qu'ils sont encore au- 
jourd'hui, except^ le Missouri. 

" Dans un cartouche a Tangle droit il y a une longue l^ende, dans laquelle 
I'auteur dit que cette carte est 'le resultat de vingt amines d'application 
et de soins a parcourir les Pais qu'elle contient'— ce qui nous port© h lui 
donner la date 1692. 

" Ce qui nous prouve encore que I'original de cette carte ne saurait etre de 1708, 
c'est que Pontchartrain y est nomme sous le titre de Secretaire d'Etat, fonc- 
tions auxquelles il fut appel6 en Novembre 1690, apres la mort de Seignelay, 
tandis qu'en 1708 (U 6tait depuis 1G99) Chancelier de France." 
A reproduction of this map Ls noted under date 1708, title 267. This is repro- 
duced and descriped in the atlas and text of Marcel's Reproductions de cartes et 
des globes, pi. 40, pp. 133-135, described in Phillips '£w< of Geographical Atlases, 
title 1138. 
For references to Franquelin consult title 189, 190, 219, 220, 235 and 267. 

1694 

Jaillot, Charles Hubert Alexis, 1640-1712. 

Amerique Septentrionale Divisee en Ses Principales Parties, 
Presents a Monseigneur le Due de Bourgogne Par Son tres-humb: 
et tres Obeissa: Seruiteur. H. Jaillot (in cartouche at 1. h. corner) 
A Paris 1694. 58 x 46.5 cms. Colors. 2 cartouches. 

Latin title: "America Septentrionalis in Suas Prsecipuas Partes 
Divisa, ad usum Serenissimi Burgtmdije Ducis," exterior to above 
measurements. wl 204 

XoTE. — Auguste Jal, in his Dictionnaire critique ... 2e ed. 1872, in an exten- 
sive notice of the Jaillot family says that this Jaillot was bom about 1632 and 
not in 1640 as is stated by Michaud in his Biographie universelle . . . Paris, 
ISoS, V. 20, p. 525. For this notice of Jaillot consult title 168. 
The various editions of Jaillot's atlases are found in E. G. Woltersdorf's Reper- 
torium der land- und seeharten . . . Wien, 1S13. 

Consult also for a list of maps, Nicolas Lenglet du Fresnoy 's Methode pour etudier 
la geographic . . . 3. ed. Paris, 1742, v. 1, pt. 2, pp. 195-240. 
This map gi\-ing Jaillot as the author is simply Nicolas Sanson's map of the 
same title with his name replaced by that of Jaillot. 

It is a reduced impression of the map entitled : Amerique septentrionale divisee 
en ses principales parties ou sont distinguts les rns des autres les estats suivant 
qu'ils appertiennent presentemet aux Francois, Castillans, Anglois, Suedois, 
Danois, Hollandois. Tiree des relations de toules ces nations. Par le sr Sanson, 
geographe ordinaire du roy. Presentee a monseigneur le davphin, par son trh 
humble, tres-obeissant et tris fid'ele seruiteur, Hubert laillot. A Paris, chez H. 
laillot joignant les grands Augustins aux deux globes. Auec priuilege du roy 
pour vingt ans 1690, found in Sanson's Atlas nouveav . . . published by 
Jaillot, 1689, described in Philhps' List of Geographical Atlases, title 503. 
It is also found dated 1692 and 1696 in the same atlases of those dates. Consult 
the same "List," titles 514 and 524. 



192 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Jaillot, Charles Hubert Alexis — Coatinued. 

The impression described in this title is found in the atlas of Jaillot entitled 
Alias royal l' usage de monseigneur le due de Sourgogne . . . Paris, chez Nicolas 
de Fer, 1799. 

This atlas is not in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, in the Library of Con- 
gress, but will be described in a supplementary volume. 

A reduced copy of this map, with some changes and with Sanson as the author, 
dated 1695, is found in Jaillot 's Atlas frangois . . . 1695, described in the Same 
"List." 

An impression of this "Auec priuilege du roy, pour vingt ans 1719," with 
Sanson as author, is found in Jaillot's Atlas franqois, 1700, described in Phillips's 
List of Geographical Atlases, title 534. 

This map differs from the others as here Lower California is represented as a 
peninsula and not as an island. 

The reduced impression in this collection is similar in every respect except in 
the second cartouche which has, instead of "a Paris, 1694," "a Amsterdam 
chez R. & J. Ottens." It is without date and found in Reiner and Joshua 
Ottens's Atlas minor, which is also without date but contains maps varying in 
date from 1695-1756. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 522. 

1695 

Fer, Nicolas de, 1646-1720. 

La Oaliforiiie ou Nouvelle Caroline. Teatro de los Trabajos, 
Apostolicos de la Compa. e (sic) Jesus en la America, Sept". 
Dressee sur celle que le Viceroy de la Nouvelle Espagne envoya il 
y a peu d'Annees a M"''*. de I'Academie des Sciences. Par N. de 
Fer Geographe de sa Majeste Catolique. [Then follows an his- 
torical legend which terminates with] "Cecy a et€ fait en 1695, 
pour le Viceroy de la Nouvelle Espagne, afin de pour suivre le 
dessin de la Conqueste et de la Conversion des Isles Californies ou 
Nouvelles Carolines. A Paris, dans I'lsle du Palais a la Sphere 
Royale 1720. 65.5 x 45 cms. wl 205 

Note.— The Library of Congress has a '-Liste table ou catalogue des ouvragcs de 
geographic et de topographic que le sr. de Fer geographic de sa majeste catolique a mis 
aujourdcpuis Vannie 1670,jusqu'b. 1722," -pasted on the reverse of his "Partie la 
plus meridionale de V Amirique . . . 1720." 
This map is mentioned among the "Cartes d'une feuille." 
For a list of his maps consult Lenglet du Fresnoy's MHhode pour etudier la 
geographic. 3. ed. 1762, v. 1, pt. 2, pp. 187-194. 

A notice of de Fer's life, with portrait and list of maps, is found in Allgemeine 
geographische ephenienden. Weimar, ISOS, v. 12, pp. S6S-S72. 
Consult also title 245. 

1695 

Keulen, Joannes van, 1654-1704. 

Pascant vande Zu3'd Zee en een gedeelte van Brasil Van Ilhas 
de Ladronos tot R de la Plata t Amsterdam by loanes van Keulen 
aen de Nieuwe brugh in de Gekroonde Lootsmau. Met Privilegie 
Voor 15 laaren. 59.5 x 51.3 cms. 1 cart. Undated. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 193 

In "De Groote Xieuwe \'ermeerdercle Zee- Atlas ofte Water- 
Werelt . . . t' Amsterdam, By Johamies van Keulen . . . 1695. 

Shows Cal. peninsula & Alta &c as an island ; & nothing more. 

LC 206 
Note. — This map is no. [137] of Joannes van Keulen's De groote nieuwe ver- 
meerderde zee-atlas ofte water-werelt. 1695, described in the supplement, in 
preparation, to Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, as follows: 
" The earliest edition of the van Keulen atlas appeared in 5 v., from 1682-1684, 
issued by Joannes van Keulen, the first. This edition is given by Bom. 
" Tiele gives an edition in one volume with this title, containing 31 maps, dated 
1681. Bierens de Haan mentions a 1 v. edition of .34 maps, 1688, and Muller 
gives one of 146 maps, 1694. 

"The maps were reissued many times by the various successors in the van 
Keulen firm." 

For reference to the van Keulen family with a list of their maps consult: 
Bom, Gerrit Dirk. Bijdragen tot eene geschiedenis van het geslacht "van 
Keuleit " als boekhande-laars, intgevers. kaart- en instrumentinakers in Nederland; 
eenebihliocartographische sirtdie . . . S". Amsterdam, H.G. Bom, 1SS5. 



Keulen, Joannes van, 1654-1704. 

Pas kaart ^'an de Boght van Florida Jlet de Canaal Tusschen 
Florida en Cuba. Door C. J. Vooght Geometra t Amsterdam By 
lohannis van Keulen Boek en Zee kaart ^'erkooper aande Nieuwe 
Brugh Inde Geki-oonde Lootsman Met Privilegie voor 15 laaren. 
59 X 51.3 cms. 1 cart. Undated. In "De Groote Nieuwe Ver- 
meerderde Zee-Atlas ofte Water-Werelt . . . t' Amsterdam. By 
Johanjies van Keulen . . . 1695. 

Shows w. coast of Florida Peninsula. lc 207 

Note.— Consult title 200. ThU map is no. [112] in the atlas described in 
title 20fi. 

1695 

Keulen, Joannes van, 1654-1704. 

Paskaart vande Noord Oost Kust van Cuba en d'Oost Kust van 
Florida vervaatende de Canal van Bahama met de Bahaamse 
Eylanden Door C. J. Vooght Geometra t Amsterdam by Johannis 
van Keulen Boek en Zee Kaart verkoper aau de Nieuwe brugh Inde 
Ge Kroonde Lootsman Met Privilegie voor 15 laaren. 58.5 x 51.3 
cms. 1 cart. Undated. 

In "De Groote Nieuwe Vermeerderde Zee-Atlas ofte Water-Werelt 
. . . t' Amsterdam by Johannes van Keulen . . . 1695. Shows 
east coast of Florida Peninsula. lc 208 

Note. — This map is no. Ill in the atlas described in note to title 206. 



Allard, Carolus. 

RecentLssima Novi Orbis, Sive America; Septentrionalis et Meri- 
dionalis Tabula ex officina Caroli Allard Cum Privilegio Ordinum 
Hollandise et Westfrisise. 58 x 49.5 cms. 1 colored cart. 
85241°— 12 13 



194 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Allard, Carolus — Continued. 

Phillips (P. Lee) in A List of Maps of America, p. 279, says the 
date 1696 is found in liis map entitled "L'isle de Re," no. 20, and 
also in nos. 21 and 31, "La Bretagne and la Provence," of his Atlas 
Minor. Amsterdami. wl 209 

Note. — This map is no. 138 in Allard's Atlas minor, dpscribed in Phillips' List 

of Geographical Atlases, title 52S. 



Allard, Carolus. 

Virginia3 partis australis, et Floridse partis orientalis, interjacen- 
tiumq, regionum nova descriptio. 38 x 50.7 cms. Unsigned, 
undated. 

In his Atlas minor. Amstelodami, ex ofEcina Caroli Allard. 
No. 141. The date 1696 is found in the map entitled "L'isle de 
Re" no. 20, and in nos. 21 and 30. P. Lee Pliillips. A list of 
maps of America, p. 279. 

Based on Mercator's Virginiae item et Floridae . . . nova de- 
scriptio, 1606. Printed from same plates and with same title as: 
Janssonl642; GuilielmusBlaeu, 1644; JohannisBlaeu 1662; Valck 
and Schenk 1710 (?) Reduced copy by Montanus 1671. lc 210 
Note. — This map is no. 141 in the atlas described in note to title 209. 

1696 
Bisente, Juan. 

Carte du golfe du Mexique ct des Antilles. Ms. on parchment. 
98 X 88 cms. Colored outlines. 3 cart. Original in Arch. Dep. 
de la Marine. Paris. Serv. Hyd. Pf. 140-1-4. 

It is dedicated to admiral D. Guillermo Morphi. Juan Bisente 
was pilot at Havana. It extends as far as 38° N. lat. and west to 
include Gulf coast only. Coast names Interesting map of 

Florida. Only "Los Martires," "Muspa," and "B? de Carlos," a 
deep bay extending into centre of the peninsula, are shown on 
lower end. St. Marks is not shown. "Apalache" is written on 
west side of the Bay of Apalache. Of little geographical import- 
ance. No. 3 in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte de I'Ame- 
rique. Catalogue des Documents geographiques exposes a . . . 
la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. lc 211 

Note. — A reproduction of this map is found in the Library of Congress. 



Coronelli, Marco Vincenzo, 1650-1718. 

Golfo del Itlexico. 23 x 28 cms. Unsigned, undated. In his 
Atlante Veneto. Venetia, 1696. vol. ii, pt. 2, p. 156. lc 212 

Note. — The atlas containing this map is described in Phillips' List oj Geograph- 
ical Atlases, title 521. For references to other works of Coronelli and hia life 
consult title 177 of this work. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTIOX 195 

1696 
Aa, Pieter van der, d. 1730. 

Jonathan Dickenson Ramspoedige Keystogt van Jamailia na 
Pensylvania nagespoord. — Infortune Voyage de Jonathan Dicken- 
son, fait de la Jamaique en Pensylvanie, suivant ses Relations, et 
rendu ])lus parfait par de nouvelles Obsen^ations de differens 
Voyageurs, qui y ont ete apres lui, a present publie par Pierre 
vander Aa, a Leide. Avec Privilege. 28.7 x 21.7 cms. wl 2l2a 
Note. — This map is taken from Pieter van der Aa, Atlas nouveau et curieux 
. . . nS9, V. 2, no. 37, described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title95. 
It is also found in the dutch work entitled Ongelukhige schipbreuk en Yflyke 
Reystogt, van etlyke engelschen, in den jaare 1696 ran Jamaiha in West-Indien, 
na Pensylvania . . . In 't engehch beschreeien door Jonathan Dickenson . . . 
Leyden, Pieter ran der Aa [ca. 1710] a copy of which is in the Library of Congress. 

1698 
Mapa de la BaJiia de Santa Maria de Galue 6 Pansacola. 55 x 39 
cms. Ms. in colors. Unsigned. Anonymous. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 61; Caj. 6; 
Leg. 22 (2) In one of the comers: "El Maestre de Campo D. 
Andres de Arriola registro, delineo y fortifico esta Bahia de 
Santa Maria de Galue de horden del Excmo. Sr. Conde de Monte- 
zuma, Virrey de la Xueva Espana . . . Ano de 1698." There is a 
duplicate m the same file. No. 91 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico 
y Florida." Tomo 1. lc 213 

Note. — A small reproduction of this map is found in Peter J. Hamilton's 
Colonial Mobile. re\-ised and enlarged edition, 1910, p. 44. 

1699 
Piano de una Bahia situada en 30 grados de latitud Norte y en 
300 grados 45 minutos de longitud, 26 leguas al Este de la Bahia 
de Santa Maria de Galue 6 Panzacola. 21.5 x 31 cms. Ms. Un- 
signed, undated. Anonymous. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 61; Caj. 6; 
Leg. 22 (1) Transmitted by D. Francisco Martinez with letter 
of May 16, 1699. No. 92 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." 
Tomo 1. LC 214 

Note. — A tracing of this map, according to the original size, is found in the 

collection of the Library of Congress. 

1699 
Piano de la fortaleza nombrada Carlos de Austria en la nueva 
Pohlacion de Santa Maria de Galue (Panzacola). Anonymous. 
42 X 30 cms. Ms. in colors. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 61; Caj. 6; 

Leg. 22 (3) No. 93 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." 

Tomo 1. LC 215 

Note. — A small reproduction of this map is found in Peter J. Hamilton's 

Colonial Mobile, revised and enlarged edition, 1910, p. 48. 



196 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1699 

Ponville, de. 

A Monseigueur, Mouseigneur le Comte do Maurej)as, ministre et 
secretaire d'Etat, superintendant general de la marine, par son tres 
humble et tres obeissant serviteur de Fonville, enseigne d'une com- 
pagnie franclie du detachement de la marine. A Quebec en Can- 
ada, 1699. Ms. 4 feuilles de 90 x 58 cms. 

Original in Bib. du Dep. de la Marine. Paris, B. 4040 (9) 
There is a vignette view of St. Augustine, Florida, in one corner. 

21G 

Note. — Harrisse, in his Notes, p. 214, title 258, gives this title: "Carte en 
quatre sections de 90 x 53 cent, chacune, dressee par M. de Fonville, Enseigne, 
d'une compagnie de volontaires de la marine, et dediee au comte de Maurepas. 
Elle est datce de Quebec 1699. 

"On remarque tlchaque angle lescariatidesdu temple d'Erechthce k Athfenes, 
et pr6a du lieu ou est Matorga Bay cette l^gende: 'I'endroit oh sont ces petils 
lacs et ces iles mar6cageuses est celuy ou M. de Beaujeu a laiss^ M. de la Salle, 
ie I'ay eu du Sr. Minet qui y estoit Ingenieur du Roy.' " 

The view of Quebec, an inset to this map, is reproduced in Pinart's Recueil de 
cartes, plans et vues relatifs aux Etats- Uhis et au Canada . . . Paris, 1893, no. 8. 
The text describing this map of New France states: "Cette belle carte, en 
quatre feuilles, est encadr^e par des cariatides qui rappellent celles du temi)le 
d':6richt6e, et offre dans de nombreux cartouches des vues de Quebec, de 
Saint-Auguslin, de la Floride, etc. Elle appartient h. la bibliothfeque du 
D^pot de la Marine, sous leno. B. 4040-9." 
Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1307. 



Plan de la cote et des environs du Mississipi. Ms. (1699) 
74 X 49 cms. Unsigned. Anonymous. 

Original in Bibl. du Dep. de la Marine. Paris. C. 4040 (3) 
Shows the Peninsula of Floritla with Gulf of Mexico as far south 
as Tampico. Relates to La Salle and d'Iberville with interesting 
legends. No. 284 (2) in Quatrieme Centcnaire de la Decouverte 
de I'Araerique. Catalogue des Documents geographiques exposes 
&, . . . la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. lc 217 

Note. — "Avec cette l^gende: 

'A. Fort fait par Monsieur de La Salle a hi rimire Aulanne, la prenant pour cdle 

du Mississipi. 

B. Vieuxfort. 

C. Fort fait par Monsieur d' Iberrille en !(S9:). 

D. Fort de Maurepas.' " 

1699 

Carte de la Coste et des environs du fleuve de Mississipi. 1609. 
Ms. 77 X 51.5 cms. Unsigned. Anonymous. 

Original in Bibl. du Dep. de la Marine. Paris. C. 4040 (2) 
Shows the Gulf coast and Florida Peninsula as far N. as Cape 
Roman. Gulf names onlv. Gives Indian tribes. Relates to La 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 197 

Salle and d'Iberville expeditions with interesting legends. No. 
284 (1) in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte de rAmeriquc. 
Catalogue des Documents Geographiques exposes a ... la Biblio- 
theque Nationale. Paris, 1892. lc 2]8 

Note. — A note attached to this map states: 

"A. La baie de St-Louis est I'endroit ou mil autrefois pied Monsieur de La 

Salle, et la riviere Aulanne est celle qu'il prenait pour celle du Missipy. 

"B. Fort bati par M. le Chevalier d'Iberville en 1699, k I'embouchiure du 

fleuve du Missipy. 

"C. Le Sieur de la Salle a fait le chemin que vous voyez depuis la baie St-Louis 

jusqu'a Senis. " 

Harrisse, in his Notes, p. 214, title 256, mentions this map and says: 

"Notis remarquons deux legendes: A. La Baye St. Louis est I'endroit ou mit 

autrefois pied a terre Alons. de la Salle et la Ri\'i^re Aulanne est celle qui prenoit 

potir celle de Missipy. B. Le Sieur de la Salle a fait le chemin que vous voyez 

depuis la Baye St. Louis jusques a Senis. 

" Sous le No. 3 du meme recueil, nous trouvons une carte de 72 x 48 cent., qui 

semble §tre une reduction de celle-ci." 



Franquelin, Jean Baptiste Louis, b. 1653. 

Partie de lAmerique scptentrionale oii est compris la Xouvelle- 
France, Nouvelle-Angleterre, X.-AIbanie et la N.-Yorc, la Pensil- 
vania, Yirginie, Caroline, Floride et la Louisiane, le Golfe Mexique 
et les Les qui le bordent a I'Orient, etc. par Jean-Baptiste-Louis 
Franquelin, geogr. du Roi, 1699. Ms. 4 sheets of 69 x 45 cms. 

Original in Bibl. du Dep. de la Marine. Paris. B. 4040 (12) 
Extends from 15° X. lat. to 65° and west to include Gulf of 
Mexico, showing part of Texas. California and New Mexico not 
shown. Unimportant. No. 278 (7) in Quatrieme Centenaire de 
la Decouverte de I'Amerique. Catalogue des Documents Geogra- 
phiques exposes a ... la Bibliotheque Xationale. Paris, 1892. 

219 
Note. — For references to Franquelin's various maps and life consult titles 189, 
190, 203, 220, 235 and 2G7 in this list. 

Harrisse, in his Notes, p. 214, title 259, gives the title of this map and states: 
"Semble etre une copie faite par F. de la Croix, ce qui expliquerait cette date 
de 1699, car on croyait generalement que FranqueUn toil mort avant 1695, 
annee oil Jolliet semble lui avoir succede comme hydrographe du Roi." 
The \-iew of Quebec, an inset to this map, is reproduced in title no. 11, of Pinart's 
Recueil de cartes, plans et vues relatifs aux Etats- Unis et au Canada, fol. Paris, 
189S, described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1308. 



Franquelin, Jean Baptiste Louis, b. 1653. 

Carte de I'Amerique scptentrionale entre les 25 et 65 degres de 
latitude et depuis environ les 240 jusqu'aux 340 delongit., contc- 



198 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Franquelin, Jean Baptiste Louis — Continued. 

uant les pays de la Nouvelle France, La Louisiane, Floride, Vir- 
ginie, Nouvelle Yorck, Nouvelle Angleterre, Acadie, etc. par Jean- 
Baptiste-Louis Franquelin. Ms. (1699) 4 sheets of 78 x 50 cms. 
each. 

Original in Bibl. du Dep. de la Marine. Paris. B. 4040 (10) 
Includes the Florida peninsula, West Florida and eastern part of 
Texas. New Mexico and California are not shown. Lib. mark of 
this sheet is B. 4040 (lO'') No. 278 (5) in Quatrieme Centenaire 
de la Decouverte de I'Ainerique. Catalogue des Documents geo- 
graphiques exposes a ... la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 
1892. Lc 220 

Note. — For references to Franquelin's various maps and life consult titles 189, 
190, 203, 219, 235 and 267 in this list. 

The view of Quebec, an inset to this map, is reproduced' in no. 10, of Pinart's 
Recueil de cartes, plans ef. vues relatifs aux Etats- Unis et au Canada . . . Paris, 
1893, described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1308. 



Plan de lentree {sic) de la baye de Pensacola de Sainte marie de 
galue habitue par les espagnoles. Ms. 33.5 x 21.5 cms. Un- 
signed, undated. Anonymous. 

Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Ilyd. Paris. 138-9-4. 
On the back is written: " 1699 M. le marquis de Chasteaumorant." 

LC 221 

Note. — The marquis de "Chasteaumorant" or more correctly Chateaumorand 
was in command of the ship " Franfo/is" which escorted Iberville in the expe- 
dition sent out by the french government to seize the mouth of the Mississippi 
river. This map and the following one were evidently made in connection with 
this expedition. 

The following notice is taken from Annuaire de la noblesse de France . . . 
public par m. Borel d' Havierive. 1862, v. 19, p. 237: 

"Joseph-Charles Joubert de la Bastide, chevalier, marquis de Ch&teaumorand, 
entra au service dans la marine sous les auspices de son oncle, I'amiral de 
Tourville, en 1672, fut nomm6 capitaine de vaisseau le 5 Janvier 1684, chef 
d'escadre le 6 octobre 1712, chevalier de Saint-Louis le 24 aodt 1715, gouvemeur 
g6n6ral de Saint-Domingue le 28 Janvier 1716, lieutenant gi^n^ral des armies 
navales du roi le 1"' novembre 1720, re^u chevalier de justice des ordres royaux 
et mUitaires de Notre-Dame du Mont-Carmel et de Saint-Lazare de Jerusalem 
le 22 mars 1722, d6c(5d6 le 3 juin suivant. II avait command^ les expeditions 
les plus difficiles, monte tant6t sur le Glorieux, tantdt sur le Trioinphant. A 
la bataille de la Hogue, le feu de Tartillerie de son vaisseau fut si bien dirig^, 
que I'amiral anglais demanda, en le dfeignant, quel 6tait lc capitaine qui avait 
une croix noire a son hunier. " 

For information concerning the Iberville expedition consult an article by 
Andrew McFarland Davis entitled: Canada and Louisiana, inVfinsor'a Narrative 
and critical history of America, v. 5, pp. 16-J4: also Winsor's The Mississippi 
basin, 1697-1763. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 199 

Letters, journals and reports relating to this expedition are found in Pierre 
Margry's Decouvertes et elablissonenU des fran<:ais . . . 4 pl«. Decouverte par 
mer des bouches du ilississipi et ctablmements de Lemoyne d'Iberrilh sur le golfe 
du Mexique (1694-1703) Paris, 1881. 

The following works may be consulted relative to the life and various expedi- 
tions of Pierre Le MojTie d'lber\'ille, 1661-1706: 

Desmazures, Adam Charles Gustave. Hisloire du chevalier d' Iberville, 1663- 
170G. x, 291 pp. front, (port.) pl.,facsim., maps. 8°. Montreal, J. M. Valois, 
1S90. 

Privately printed. 

D' Iberville; ou, le Jean-Bart canadien el la baie d'TIudson. iv, 10 pp. 8°. 
Montreal, la bibliolhique paroissiale, 1S6S. 

" Notice adressee gratuitement aux souscripteurs a I'Sistoire des grandes families 
du Canada,'' by Francois Daniel, 1807. (Verso of t.-p.) 

Gagnon mentions a facsimile of d'lberville's signature, which is wanting in this 
copy. 

French, Benjamin Franklin. Historical collections of Louisiana and Florida, 
including translations of original manuscripts relating to their discovery and settle- 
ment, with numerous historical and biographical notes. Neiv series. 4 p. I.. 362 
pp. facsim. 8°. New York, J. Sabin & sons, 1869. 
"Subscriber's copy no. 44." 500 copies printed, according to Sabin. 
Preceded by the author's Historical collections of Louisiana, 1S46-.5J, .5 v., and 
followed by his Historical collections of Louisiana and Florida, 2d ser., 187-5. 
French originals of the first and third pieces are found in Pierre Margry's Decou- 
vertes et etablissements des frangais dans I'ovest et dans le sud, 1879-88, v. 4, 
pp. 21-34, V. 5, pp. 37.5-586. The fourth is reprinted from Hakluj't's trans- 
lation of L'histoire notable de la Floride, 1586. 

Contents. 
Memoir, addressed to count de Pontchartrain, on the importance of establishing a 
colony in Louisiana by m. de Remonville. [By in. Argoud] 1697. — Narrative of 
the voyage made by order of the king of France, in 1698, to take possession of Loui- 
siana. By m. P. Le Moyne d' Iberville. 1699. — Annals of Louisiana, from the 
establishment of the first colony under m. d' Iberville, to the departure of the author 
to France, in 1722. By m. Pimicaul. — History of the first attempt of the french 
(the Huguenots) to colonize the newly discovered country of Florida. By Bene 
Laudonniire. 

Kastner, Fr6d6ric de. Heros de la Nouvelle France. 1.- serie . . . Quebec, la 
c'e d'imprimerie commerciale, 1902- 

Reed, Charles Bert. The first great Canadian, the story of Pierre Le Moyne, sieur 
d'Iberville. . . . uith illustrations and maps. 3 p. I., [v]-vii pp., 2 I., [13]- 
265 pp. front, (port.) plates, maps partly fold.) 8°. Chicago, A. C. McClurg 
& CO., 1910. 

Bibliography: pp. [243]-248. 

Voyage d Iberville. Journal du voyage fait par deux fregates du roi. La Badine, 
commandee par m. d'Iberville, et Le Marin, par m. E. Chevalier de Surghes, qui 
partirent de Brest le vendredi, 24 octobre 1698, ou elles avaient rel&che, etant parties 
de Larochelle le 5 septembre precedent, lp.l.,48 pp. 8°. Montreal, E. Senecal, 
1871. 

{The Literary and historical society of Quebec. [Manuscripts of the early history 
of Canada] 3d ser. no. S) Cover-title. "Ce memoir est d'un officier du 
Marin . . . peutetre de M. Surg&res. " Consult note. [p. 1] 



200 LIBRARY OF COXGRESS 



Plan de la Coste de la Floride depuis la riuiere de indios iusques 
aux isles dc saint diegue. Ms. 61.5 x .35. .5 cms. Unsigned, 
undated. Anonymous. 

Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Ilyd. Paris. 138-6-2. 
The legend on the map indicates among other places: "A. estab- 
lissement des Espagnoles," which is on the "Baya de Pensacok 
de S*® Marie de Galue par les 30° 15"." A second ms. copy of 
this same map has on it "auec la lettre de M. de Chateaumorant 
du 23 juin 1699." lc 222 

Note. — The letter referred to, of m. Chfi,teaumorand, is printed in Margry's 
work quoted in the above title 221, pp. 103-116. In this letter he says, 
"Vous le verrez marqu^ dans la carte que j'ay I'honneur de vous envoyer. 
C'est luy qui m'a nomni^ ces isles, les isles de Saint-Diegue. A ce que j'ay 
connu par la suite; il m'a parl6 assez juste sur ce que je luy ay demand^. Je 
luy ay montr^ la carte que vous m'avez fait Phormeiu' de m'envoyer . . ." 
See also title 266. 

1700? 

Planta de un castillo para la Provincia de Apalache en la Florida 
en el sitio que llaman La tama. Ms. Undated, unsigned. 
Anonymous. 

Original in Dep. de la Guerra. Madrid. Arch, de Mapas. 
L M. 8^-P-a. No. 27. Of interest for title only. No signature. 
Early 18th cent. i.c 223 

1700? 

Carte de I'Amerique du Nord depuis les grands lacs jusqu' au 
golfe du Mexiquc. Ms. tracing. 73 x 54 cms. Unsigned, un- 
dated. Anonymous. 18th cent. 

Original in Bibl. du Dep. de la Marine. Paris. C. 4040 (8) 
Extends from 25° N. lat. to 65° N. and west to include the Cali- 
fornia coast. Shows Florida peninsula, part of the Gulf of Mexico, 
New Mexico, California coast, but without details of New Mexico 
and California. No. 284 (7) in Quatrieme Centenaire de la De- 
couverte de I'Amerique. Catalogue des Documents Geographiques 
exposes a . . . la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1S92. ix 224 

1700? 

Carte du Nouueau Mexique tiree des Relations dc Monsf le Comte 
de Pefialossa rjui en a este gouuerneur en 1605 du manuscrit du 
pere Esteuan de Pcrea custode de I'ord (torn) dc saint francois 
dans le mesme pays et d'autres m^moires escrits sur les lieux. 
Ms. 18th cent. 43 x 30 cms. No name, date, or place. Anony- 
mous. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 201 

Originiil in Bibl. du D6p. de la Marine. Paris. B. 4049 (28) 
Extends from 32° N. lat. to 40°, showing the Rio del Norte from 
its source to El Paso and west from Rio del Norte to include 
"Suili" and "Moqui." Quivira is N. E. of Taos. Interesting, 
worth copjnng. No. 280 (2) in Quatrieme Centenaire de la 
D^couverte de I'Amerique. Catalogue des Documents Geogra- 
phiques exposes S, ... la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. 

WL 225 

Note. — The following notices of Peiialosa are taken respectively from II. H. 
Bancroft's North mexican states, v. 1, p. S86, and History of Arizona and New 
Mexico. 1889. pp. 16S-170 : 

" Freytas, Relaeion del Beseubrimiento del Pais y Ciudad de Quivira, echo por D. 
Diego Dionisio de PcMlosa, etc. Escrita por el Padre Fr. Nicolas de Freytas, etc. 
Printed with an English translation, and notes on Peiialosa, Quivira, and La 
Salle's expedition, in Shea's Expedition of Don Diego de Peiialosa, Governor of 
New Mexico, from Santa Fe to the Pivcr Mischipi and Quivira in 1662. New 
York, 1S82. 8vo, 100 p. This is a most interesting and important contribu- 
tion to the earliest history of Texas, though I cannot agree with the editor's 
views respecting Peiialosa's expedition. A copy of Freitas' relation — copied 
by Navarrete for the Spanish archives in 1791 and this by Buckingham Smith in 
1856 — was given by Peiialosa in 1684 to Seignelai, French minister of the navy. 
The original is said by Penalosa to have been sent to the king of Spain in 1663, 
with a printed memorial by Don Diego himself, not known to be extant. There 
is no question of the genuineness of the document as published by Shea." 
" Diego Dionisio de Peiialosa y Briceno ruled Xew Mexico in 1661-4, having been 
appointed in 1660. He was a native of Peru, and adventurer and embustero, 
bent on achieving fame and fortune with the aid of his imlimited assurance 
and his attractive person and manners, by which alone presumably he obtained 
his appointment from the viceroy. Of Don Diego's rule and acts, as in the 
ease of other rulers of the period, almotit nothing is known. It appears, how- 
■ ver, that he \Tsited Zufii and the Moqui towns, heard of the great kingdom 
of Teguay through a Jemes Indian who had been captive there, and also of 
Qui\Tra and Tejas, and the Cerro Azul, rich in gold and silver ores; and that 
he planned an expedition to some of these wonderful regions. I have seen 
an order dated at Santa Fe in 1664 which bears his autograph. Like liis pred- 
ecessor, Mendizdbal, he became involved in troubles with the padre custodio 
representing the inquisition; or more probably, as I think, he went to Mexico 
in 1664 or later to urge his scheme of northern conquest, and there came in 
conflict with the holy tribunal, by which he was perhaps kept long in prison; 
and at any rate, in February 1668 he was forced to march bareheaded through 
the streets carrying a green candle, for having talked against the santo oficio 
and said things bordering on blasphemy. Unable to interest the viceroy and 
king in his project, he went to London and Paris in 1671-3, and there attempted 
to organize a grand filibustering enterprise of conquest against his former 
sovereign, freely resorting to falsehood, and claiming for himself the title of 
Conde de Santa Fe, with half a dozen others to which he had no claim. He 
died in 1687, and his efforts are closely connected with the expedition of La 
Salle of 1682-7; but these matters pertain to the annals of Texas, and not of 
New Mexico. 

' ' In France Penalosa presented to the government what purported to be a nar- 
rative of an expedition to Quivira made by himself in 1662, written by Padre 



202 LIBRARY OF CONGKESS 

Carte du Nouueau Mexique — Continued. 

Freitas, one of the friars of his company, and sent to the Spanish king. He 
never made any such entrada or rendered any such report. The narrative 
was that of Onate's expedition of 1601, slightly changed to suit his purposes in 
Paris. I made known this fraud in an earlier volume of this series, but since 
have received the work of Fernandez Duro, published two years before my 
volume, in which that investigator, by similar arguments reached the same 
conclusions. I suppose that it is to Don Diego's statements in Europe that we 
must look for the origin of the famous hoax of Admiral Fonte's voyage on the 
north-west coast in 1640, the story having first appeared in 1708, and Pefialosa 
being represented as vice-admiral of the fleet." 
Consult also: 

Fernandez Duro, Cesareo. Don Diego de Pefialosa y su descubrimiento del reino 
de Quivira . . . 1 p. I., 160 pp. 4°- Madrid, M. Tello, 1882. Del tomo 10 de 
la colecddn de memorias de la Real academia de historia de Madrid. 
Savage, James W. The discovery of Nebraska and a visit to Nebraska in 1662 . . . 
Washington, 1893. pp. 3-5-60, The expedition of Penalosa. 

Miller, Edmund Thornton. The connection of Penalosa with the La Salle 
expedition. 

[In Texas historical association. Quarterly. July, 1901. S°. Austin, 1901, 
V. 5, no. 1, pp. 97-112] 

Clark, Robert Carlton. The beginning of Te.ms. Fort Saint Louis and mission 
San Francisco de los Tejas. 

[In Texas historical a.^sociation. Quarterly. July, 1901. 8°. Austin, 1901, 
V. 5, no. 3, pp. 172-205] 

Margry, Pierre. Decouvertes et etablissements desfrangais . . . Troisihne partie. 
Recherche des bouchcs du Mississipi et voyage h travers le continent depuis les cStes 
du Texas jusqu'ci Quebec (1669-1698) Paris, 1878. 

For information by Estevan de Perea, consult his Relacion de la Niieva Mexico 
. . . [n. p.] 16S0 and Relacion del Nuevo Mondo o de la conversion de los Xwnanas, 
embeada al arzobispo de Mexico d. Francisco Manso, por Fray Estevan de Perea, 
. de la orden de S. Francisco, [n. p.] 1640. 

1700? 
Spanish map of East and West Florida. Ms. 69 x 49 cms. 

Unsigned, undated. jViionjTiious. 

Original in Dep.de la Marine. Scrv. Ilyd. Paris. 138-1-2. It 
is on a large scale and locates 8 or 9 Indian villages. "R. Ayz" 
corresponds about to Biscayne Bay. Worth copying. 226 

1700? 

Cote occidentale de la Floride. Ms. 68.7 x 48.3 cms. Unsigned, 
undated. Anonj^mous. 

Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Hyd. Paris. 138-6-1- 
This is a Spanish map without title and is by the same hand as the 
Spanish map of East and West Florida 138-1-2. It gives two 
Indian villages "Achusi" on the E. side of "R. hondo" near its 
mouth and "Tascalusa" on the same river on the E. side at its 
fork. 227 

1700? 
Riviere de Pensacola. Ms. 13.3 x 10 cms. Unsigned, undated. 
Anon vinous. ISth cent. 

Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Hyd. Paris. 138-9-1. 228 



THE LOWER Y tOLLECTION 203 

1700? 

Carte Particuliere de Pensacola habitation des Espagnols. Ms. 
25 X 18.7 cms. Unsigned, undated. Anonymous. 18th cent. 

Original in Dep. de hi Marino. Serv. Hyd. Paris. 138-9-2. 
An interesting httle map with Spanish fort and anchorage. 229 

1700? 

Aa, Pieter van der, d. 1730. 

lies de r^Vmerique, situees dans I'Ocean Septentrional, avec 
toutes leurs Cotes, Bayes, et Ports, suivant les Relations de ceux 
qui. les ont decouvertes et peuplees mises au jour par Pierre van- 
der Aa, Marchand Libraire a Leide. 36 x 28. 5 cms. 1 cart. 
Undated. 

In Nouvel Atlas tres-exact et fort commode pour toutes sortes 
de personnes ... a Leide Chez Pierre vander Aa, Marchand 
Libraire. No date. Shows Florida peninsula and Gulf coast. 
Spanish coast names only. wi. 230 

Note. — The atlas from which this map is taken, publiahec" by Aa, is dated 1714, 

according to his Catalogue de livres, de cartes geographiqiies, des villes . . . i 

Leide [1715] 

A full list of the contents of this atlas is given at the end of Aa's Atlas ncniveau 

tt curieux des plus celihres itineraires . . . d Leide, P. van der Aa [1714] 

The same map without changes is found in La galerie agreable du monde . . . d 

Leide, P. ran der Aa, [1729] v. 4, Amerique, pi. 73. 

It is also found with the addition of the names of "J. Covens et C. Mortier" in 

the cartouche, in Johannes Covens and Cornells Mortier, Nieuwe Atlas . . . te 

Amsterdam, 17J0'[1739] Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 576. 

For a list of works by Aa, consult P. A. Tiele's Nederlandsche bibliographie van 

land- en volkenkunde. Amsterdam, 1SS4, p. 2-6. 

1700? 

Aa, Pieter van der, d. 1730. 

'T Amerikaans Gewest van Florida Door Ferdinand de Soto 

Nader Ontdekt en groot deels Bemagtigd. (Outside the map and 

within its frame is:) La Floride, Grand Pays de I'Amerique Sep- 

tentrionale, plus avant decouverte et presque toute conquise par 

Ferdinand de Soto en 1534. tiree de ses Memo ires, et de tons 

ceux qui ont paru jusqu' a present, nouvellement rendue publique 

par Pierre vander Aa, a Leide, Avec Privilege. Map 22.5 x 15 

cms. Enclosing frame 28.5 x 21.7 cms. Colors. 1 cartouche. 

Undated. wl 231 

Note. — This map is no. 32 in Aa's Atlas nouveau et curieux des plus ceUhret 

itiniraires . . . Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 96, for a 

description of this atlas. The date given, however, of 1728, should be changed 

to 1714 according to Aa's Catalogue de livres, de cartes geographiques . . . [1715] 

p. 4. 



204 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1700? 
Aa, Pieter van der, d. 1730. 

Scheeps Togt Van Jamaica Gedaan na Panuco en Rio de las 
Palmas Aan de Golf van Mexico Gelegen (in cartouche) Voyage 
par Mer de la Jamaique vers Panuco et Rio de las Palmas, situe 
sur le Golfe de Mexique, tire des Memoires de Francois de Garay 
et d'autres Auteurs plus nouveaux, recemment rendu public par 
Pierre vander Aa, a Leide. Avec Privilege. 33.7 x 21.5 cms. 
including frame. Colors. 1 cart. Undated. wl 232 

Note. — This map is numbered 30, in Aa's Atlas nouveau et curieux des ■plus 
celibres itineraires . . . Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 96, ioT 
a description of this atlas. The date given, however, of 1728, should be changed 
to 1714 according to Aa's Catalogue de livres, de cartes gcographiques . . . [1715] 
p. 4. 

1700? 
Aa, Pieter van der, d. 1730. 

Do Vaste Kust Van Chicora Tussen Florida en Virginie Door 
Lucas Vasquez d'Ayllon En Anderc van Hispaniola Besterend . . . 
te Leyden door Pieter vander Aa met Privilegie. Undated. Pho- 
totype, 18.5 X 12.7 cms. In Sunny Lands [Monthly] F. A. Mann. 
Editor and publisher (St. Augustine, Florida) Vol. 1. no. 1. 
p. 17. Jan. 1900. wl 233 

Note. — This map is copied from no. 33 in Aa's Atlas nouveau et curieux des 
plus cSlebres itinhaires . . . Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 
96, for a description of this atlas. The date given, however, of 1728, should be 
changed to 1714 according to Aa's Catalogue de Hires, de cartes giographiques 
. . . [1715] p. 4. 

1700? 
Aa, Pieter van der, d. 1730. 

La Floride. Suivant les Nouvelles Observations de Mess", de 
I'Academie Royale des Sciences etc. Augmentees de Nouveau. 
Chez Pierre van der Aa. Avec Privilege. (Undated) 29.3x22.5 
cms. 1 cart. 

In Nouvel Atlas tres exacte et fort commode pour toutes sortes 
de personnes . . . k Leyde chez Pierre vander Aa . . ■. (no date) 
Shows Florida and Texas. lc 234 

Note. — The atlas from which this map ia taken, published by Aa, is dated 
1714, according to his Catalogue de livres, de cartes geographiques des villes . . . 
h Leide [1715] A full list of the contents of this atlas is given at the end of Aa's 
Atlas nouveau et curieux des plus cUtbres itineraires . . . h Leide, P. van der Aa 
[1714] 

An impression of this map is found in Nicolas Gueudeville's Le nouveau thedtre 
du monde. Leide, P. van der Aa, 1713, no. 49. Also in La galerie agreable du 
monde . . . Leide, P. van der Aa [1729] v. 1, Anu'rique, pi. 20] 
An atlas with the same title was pubUshed at Amsterdam by Covens and 
Mortier, without date, but probably 1735. Various maps in this atlaa have the 
imprint "Leide, chez Pierre van dor Aa. " This map is here found titled in 
the contents, "La Floride," and in the cartouche of the map "La Louisiane." 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 205 

1700? 

Franquelin, Jean Baptiste Louis, b. 1653. 

Carlo gnlle de la (Nouvelle ?) France septentrionalle, contenant 
la decouuerte du pays des Ilinois, fait par le sieur JoUiet (Joannes 
Ludouicus Franquelin pinxit) Ms. 100 x 76 cms. Undated. 

Original in Bibl. du Dep. do la Marine. Paris. B. 4040 (11) 
Extcnils from 15° N. lat. to 65° and west to the Gulf of California. 
No details are shown. No. 278 (6) in Quatrieme Centenaire de la 
Decouverte de I'Am^rique. Catalogue des Documents G6ogra- 
phiques exposes a . . . la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. 

LC 235 
Note. — The full title of this map ia here copied from Harrisse's Notes, p. 199, 
tUle 214: 

" Carle gnlU de la France Septentrionalle contenant la decouuerte du pays des Ilinois 
Faite par le Sieur JoUiet. 2' cartouche: A Monseig. Monseigneur Colbert Conseiller 
du Roy en son Cbseil Royal. Minislre et Secretaire d'Estat Commandeur et Grand 
Tresorier des ordres de sa Majesle Par son tr'is humble, trh obeissant et tris fidelle 
seruiteur Duchesneav Intendant de lanou^^ Fraiice. 1 m. x70 c. (Ibid., no. 9.) 
"Cette carte n'est pas Toeuvre de Jolliet, eomme M. Parkman semble le croire 
(Great-West, p. 409) car elle porte dans Tangle droit, en bas, la signature 
suivante: Joannes Ludouicus Franquelin pinxit. 

"M. Duchesneau ^tait encore au Canada en Juillet 16S2 (Brodhead ix, p. 174) 
mais il avait virtuellement cesse d'etre Intendant de la Nouvelle-France 
quelques mois avant, puisque la nomination de son successeur (M. de Meulea) 
est de Mai 1G82. Cette carte est done ant^rieure i cette dernifere date, et 
d'autant plus importante qu'elle a pr^c6d<5 lea voyages authentiquea de Cavelier 
de la Salle au Mississipi." 

The Kohl Collection in the Library of Congress has a reduced reproduction of 
this map, measuring 20J x 13i inches within the border; with mss. description, 
outside the border, to this effect: 

"The date of the map is not indicated and no Longitudes are given upon it. 
" We have another map of the Mississippi of the year 1GS8, painted by the same 
J. L. Franquelin. (See our collection) There is stated, that this Franquelin 
was 'Hydrographe du Roy en Canada.' (Hydrographer of the King in 
Canada ).aud he dates his map from Quebec. That map of 1688 is much more 
detailed and shows a progress of the knowledge of the Mississippi. Of this our 
present map it is from many circumstances evident, that it is of a much earlier 
date and that it is one of the first French maps of the Mississippi ever made, if not 
the very first one itself. 

"It is generally known that ^Sieur Jolliet' who is named as the originator of the 
map, was the Companion of father Marquette at his discovery of the Mississippi 
in 1673. He probably brought the materials of the map to Quebec, where the 
Royal Hydrographer Franquelin copied and compiled them, and put them in 
a general picture of the French dominions in America, which then the Intend- 
ant Duchesneau sent out to France for the King. 

"Our map agrees in the principal points with the map given as Marquette's map 
in Thevenot. We point out the following: 

" The whole course of the Mississippi ia given on one map in the same manner as 
on the other, and its mouth on both maps under 30° N. L. Only on our map 
the Mississippi is indistinctly prolonged to the North and the coasts of the 
Northern Ocean ('Mer du Nord') are near its head. 



206 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Franquelin, Jean Baptiste Louis — Continued. 

"On both maps is writtou East of the mouth of Mississippi: ' Etiropeane ' and 
West: 'Tahensa.' Many other names agree in the same manner. On both 
maps the 'w' or 'ou' in the different names is written '8.' 
"The Latitudes of the Upper and Central M. are on both maps a little different, 
but on both wrong. 

"The 'chameaux' (Camels), which Marquette only mentions, are painted on 
this map. Likewise portraits of Buffaloes, deer, bears and ostriches are added. 
On Marquette's map the Mississippi is written 'Mitchisipi ' on this 'Messisipi.' 
The names of the Indian nations, which are written along the Eastern side of 
the upper M. are not on Marquette's map. They are however also not taken 
from Hennepin's map or report. Nothing indicates, that when this map was 
made Hennepin had already travelled along that part of the upper M. which 
Marquette and Jolliet did not see. Even his famous waterfalls of St. Anthony 
are not indicated. We should therefore at all events place our map before the 
year 16/^2, in which Hennepin travelled. 

" Those Indian names, of which Marquette and Jolliet heard probably something 
by report, are however very interesting, because already the 'Siou' and the 
'Ihanctwa' (Yanctons) are among them." 

Parkman, in Appendix i, relating to "Early unpublished maps of the Missis- 
sippi and the Great Lakes" in his France and England in North America, pt. S, 
1869, in speaking of Joliet says: 

"There is a third map, bearing his name, of which the following is the title 
Carte generalle de la France septentrionale contenant la deseouuerle du pays des 
Illinois, faite par le Sr Jolliet. This map, which ia inscribed with a dedication 
by the Intendant Ducheeneau to the minister Colbert, was made some time 
after the voyage of Joliet and Marquette. It is an elaborate piece of work, but 
very inaccurate. It represents the continent from Hudson's Strait to Mexico 
and California, with the whole of the Atlantic and a part of the Pacific coast. 
An open sea is made to extend from Hudson's Strait westward to the Pacific. 
The St. Lawrence and all the Great Lakes are laid down with tolerable correct- 
ness, as also is the Gulf of Mexico. The Mississippi, called 'Messasipi,' flows 
into the Gulf, from which it extends northward nearly to the 'Mer du Nord.' 
Along its course, above the Wisconsin, whicli is called 'Miskous,' is a long 
list of Indian tribes, most of which cannot now be recognized, though several 
are clearly sub-tribes to the Sioux. The Ohio is called 'Ouaboustikou.' 
The whole map is decorated with numerous figures of animals, natives of the 
country, or supposed to be so. Among them are camels, ostriches, and a giraffe, 
which are placed on the plains west of the Mississippi. But the most curious 
figure is that which represents one of the monsters seen by Joliet and ilarquette, 
painted on a rock by the Indians. It corresponds with Marquette's descrip- 
tion (ante, p. 59) This map, if really the work of Joliet, does more credit to 
his skill as a designer than to his geographical knowledge, which appears in 
some respects behind his times." 

In Winsor's Narrative and critical history of America, v. 4, P- Z01-^4S, is an arti- 
cle entitled " Joliet, Marquette, and La Salle," by the editor, which gives the 
reduced reproduction and the following statement on p. 211: 
"There is in the Parkman Collection another map ascribed to Joliet, and called 
in the sketch given therewith 'Joliet's carte g^n^rale,' which Parkman thinks 
was an early work (in the drafting, at least) of the engineer Franquelin. It is 
signed Johannes Ludovicus Franquelin pinxit; but it is a question what this 
implies. Harrisse thinks that Franquelin is the author, and places it under 
1681. Gravier holds it to imply simply Franquelin's drafting, and affirms that 
it corresponds closely with a map signed by Joliet, which has already been men- 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 207 

tioned as his earliest. Mr. Neill says of this map that it 'is the first attempt to 
fix the position of the nations north of the ^^■iBconsin and west of Lake Superior. 
The Wisconsin is called Miskous, perhaps intended fur Miskons; and the Ohio 
is marked 'Ouaboustikou.' On the ui)i>fr Mi--i.--ippi are the names of the 
following tribes: The 'Siou,' around what i^ u.,\v < lUi-^l ilie Mille Lacs region, 
the original home of the Sioux of the Lake.-, ..r Kasurn Sioux; the Ihanctoua, 
Pintoua, Xapapatou, Ouapikouti, Chaiena, Agatomitou, Ousilloua, Alimous- 
pigoiak. The Ihanctoua and Ouapikouti are two divisions of the Sioux, now 
known as Yanktons and Wahpekootays. The Chaiena were allies of the Sioux, 
and hunted at that time in the valley of the Red River of the North. The word 
in the Sioux means 'people of another language,' and the voyageurs called them 
Cheyeimes." 

The small map referred to on p. 213 of this article, entitled "Pays et peuple 
decouverts en 1673 dans la partie septentrionale de I'Amerique par P. Mar- 
quette et Joliet, suivant la description qu'ils en ont faite, redifiie sur diverses 
observations postirieures de nouveau mis en jour par Pierre vander Aa a Leide," 
is taken from Pieter van der Aa's Atlas nouveau et curieux des plus celebres 
ilincraires . . . [1714] map no. 38, described in title 96, of Phillips' List of 
Geographical Atlases. 

Gtabriel Gravier's Etude sur une carte inconnue. S°. Paris, ilaisonneuve & 
de., /5S0, states, p. 12: 

"Cette carte represente le continent depuis le detroit de Hudson jusqu'au 
golfe de Mexique et depuis I'Atlantique jusqu'a la Califomie. 
"Une mer ouverte reimit la bale de Hudson au Pacifique. 
" Le S. -Laurent, les grands lacs et le golfe du Mexique sent representes assez 
exactement. 

" Le Mississipi, nomme Messissipi, coule des environs de la mer du JVordau golfe 
du Mexique. Le long de son cours, au-dessus du Wisconsin, qui est appel6 
Mishovs, est une longue liste de tribus indiennes qui ne peuvent etre reconnues 
bien qu'elles appartiennent a la confederation des Sioux. 
"L" Illinois etles trois grandes ri\'ieres de la rive droite du Mississipi sont anony- 
mes. L'Ohio est appele Ouaboustikou. 

"La carte entiere est decoree de figures d'animaux du pays ou supposes tels. 
Dans les plaines occidentales il y a des autruches, des chameaux et une girafe. 
" La plus curieuse figure est placee sur la rive gauche du Mississipi, entre 1' Illinois 
et rOhio. Elle represente en grisaille I'un des monstres dont Marquette donne 
une description que nous rapporterons plus loin. 

" Si cette carte est de Joliet, dit M. Parkman, elle fait plus d'honneur a son talent 
de dessinateur qu'a ses connaissances geographiques. 

"M. Harrisse pense qu'elle est de Franquelin parce qu'elle est sign^e Johannes 
Ludouicus Franquelin pinxit. 

" Pinxit veut dire que Franquelin a dessin^ la carte, mais rien de plus. S'il 
I'avait dress^e, n'auraitil pas fait prdc^der pinxit de delineavit? Aurait-il des- 
eimule sa signatiu-e sous des caracteres microscopiques et dans la bordure in- 
f^rieure? Tant de modestie ne pouvait convenir qu'a un dessinateur. 
" II y a enfin une circonstance particuliere et pour nous decisive. La descrip- 
tion de M. Parkman, que nous avons verifice au Depot des Cartes de la Marine, 
r^pond exactement au trace, tres-caract^ristique, d'une carte inconnue de 
Joliet que nous avons sous les yeux. De la comparaison attentive que nous 
avons faite de ces deux monuments il resulte que le trace est de Joliet et le 
dessin de Franquelin. Ce qui poiurait etre une addition de ce dernier, c'est 
Terre-Xeuve et la partie meridionale de la Terre de Baffin. 
" Nous admettons toutefois, avec M. Harrisse, que cette carte est ant^rieure h, la 
grande expedition de Cavelier de la Salle et qu'elle est cons^quement tr^- 
importante pour I'histoire de la geographie." 



208 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Franquelin, Jean Baptists Louis — Continued. 

The following reference to Du Chesneau is from the Proceedings and transactions 
of Ike Royal society of Canada, 2 ed. ser. v. 9, 1903, pp. 76-77: 
"JACQUES ou CHESNEAU, quatri^me intendant. 

" II y avait trois ans que le Canada n'avait pas d'intendant, quand M. Du Ches- 
neau fut appele a ce poste, en 1675. Sa commksion est du 30 mai, de cette 
ann^e. M. Du Chesneau, depuis dix ou douze ans, 6tait commissaire dans la 
g6n6ralite de Tours; a la date de sa nomination a I'intendance du Canada, 11 
6tait conseiller du roi, tresorier de France et general des finances de Touraine, 
seigneur de la Doussimi^re et d'Ambault. 

"Du Chesneau recevait douze mille livres par an d'appointements, comme 
intendant. De plus, pour les frais de son deplacement, il recut trois mille 
livres. 

"Cette famille est originaire de Touraine. Guillaume Chesneau, chevalier, 
seigneur des Breux, Montay, et la Doucinifere, ^chanson du roi, fils de Jean Du 
Chesneau, (chevalier des dits lieux; chambellan de Charles vii) et de Robine 
Fum^e- qui eut d'Anne de la Lande, deux garcons. Nous avons relev6 plu- 
sieurs alliances entre les maisons Voyer d'Argenson et de Fum^e. Dans la 
g^n^alogie Fum^e, Jean Du Chesneau, mari de Robine, est qualifi^ seigneur 
des Pruneaux et de Montrie. 

" M. Robert de la Lande, parent de Jacques du Chesneau 6tait d'un m^rite si 
g^neralement reconnu que le 9 mars 1646, il fut pour\-u de la charge de sous- 
gouverneur de Louis xiv. 

"Les influences en cour de Jacques 6taient done trfes fortes, et c'est ce qui explique 
comment il a pu rester sept ans en Canada malgr6 sea querelles avec ceux qui 
I'entouraient, et les reprimandes et les censures souvent rt'petees du ministre. 
Parmi les plus s^v5res, citons celles oil Colbert (2 juin 16S0) lui dit qu'il fera 
mieux de repasser en France et se retirer k Tours, s'il n'est pas ri^Bolu h ex^cuter 
ponctuellement les ordres qu'il lui donne, et (du 2 mai 1681) TavertLssant de 
la part du roi que si son animosity contre M. de Frontenac ne cesse pas de suite, 
la premiere lettre qu'il recevra sera celle de sa rc^vocation. 
" Son intendance, enfin, se termine le 9 mai 1G82, et il repasse en France. 
"Son fils, qui prenait le titre de chevalier, I'avait suivi en Canada. 
"Les armes de cette famille se formaient comme suit: — D'azur, seme de besants 
d'argent, au chevron d'or brochant sur le tout." 

In Documents relating to the colonial history of the state of New Yorh, edited by 
E. B. O'Callaghan, v. 9, are various reports and memoires by Du Chesneau 
relating to his official career in Canada. In one dated nov. 13, 1681, is a com- 
munication to m. de Seignelay, from which, p. 153, this statement is extracted: 
"The foregoing has given me the idea, My Lord, of informing' you exactly of all 
the nations from whom we obtain peltries; of their interests, and how to attract 
all this trade. But as this subject is too extensive to be disposed of in one letter, 
I shall prepare a special Memoir thereupon to be presented to you. I shall take 
occasion to speak in it of Acadia, which is neglected; of the advantages to be 
derived from that and the country inhabited by the English, and shall annex to 
that Memoir the Map, divided into four parts, of all the places I shall mention. 
I pray you, My Lord, to accept it as a present, indicative to you of my most 
humble service. " 

The following references relating to Joliet and the reproduction of his map of 
1674, can be consulted: 

Gagnon, Ernest . . . Louis Jolliet,decouvreurdu Mississipietdu pays des Illinois, 
premier seigneur de Vile d'Anticosti: etude biographique et historiogra phique . xv, 
284pp. illus. (incl.facsim.) 4°- Quebec, 1902. 
Includes music. Preface by Thomas Chapais. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTIOX 209 

"Cavelier de La Salle, decouvrrur de I'Ohio, mnis 7ion du Mississipi." bv J. 
Tailhan: pp. [225]-234. 

"Anticosti et I' exploitation de vi. ITenri Menier," bv Charles Do Guine: pp. 
[259J-266. 

" Notts sur Luis-Oliiicr Gainache, le 'Sorcier' de r isle d'Antirosti . . . par I'abb^ 
J.-B.-A. Ferland": pp. [267]-279. 

G^a^^er, Gabriel. Etude sur une carte inconnue, la premiire dressee par Louis 
Joliet en 1674 apris son exploration du Mississippi avec le p. Jacques Marquette 
en 1673. 49 pp., 1 I. fold. map. S°. Paris, Maisonneure & cie, ISSO. 
Title in red and black. 
Title vignette. 

"Extrait des m^moires du Congrfes des am^ricanistes, session de Bruxellea, 
1879. " 

Griffin, Appleton Prentiss Clark. The discovery of the Mississippi; a bibliograph- 
ical account, uith a facsimile of themap of Louis Joliet, 1674: to which is appended 
a note on the Joliet map, by B. F. De Costa, d. d., idth a sketch of JouieVs 
maps . . . ?Opp. front, fold. map. fol. New York, A. S. Barnes & co,188S. 
"Reprinted from the Magazine of american history, march and april, 1883." 
Marquette, Jacques. Beschreibung einer sonderbaren reise etlicher bisher noch 
unbekanntcr lander und volcker im mitterndchtigen America. Welche im jahr 167.3 
durch p. Marquette . . . und herrn Jolliet verrichtet worden. Aus dem franzo- 
sisrhen ins teutsche ubersetzet. 

[In Hennepin, Louis. Beschreibung der landschafft Lovisinna . . . 24° . Nurn- 
bery, 1689. pp. S53-4S5] 

Marquette, Jacques. Voyage et decouverte de quelques pays et nations de I'Ame- 
rique septentrionale, par le p. Marquette et sr. Joliet. 2 p. I., 43 pp. front, 
(/old. map) 16°. Paris, E. Michallet, 1681 \Maulde & Renou, 184-5] 
An edition of 125 copies reprinted for 0. Rich and sons, from Th^venot's Recueil 
de voyages. Paris, 1681. no. 66. Signed: O. Rich. 

Nouielle decouverte de plusieurs nations dans lu Noux'dle France, en I'annee 
1673 et 1674. 21 X 15% inches. 

[In Jesuit relations. 8°. Cleveland, Burrows bros. 1900. v. ,5,9, p. 86] 
Reproduced in facsimile from Revue de geographie, feb. 1880. 
Weld, Laenaa Gifford. Joliet and Marquette in Iowa, cover-title, 16 pp. trmp, 
diagr. 4°. loua City, the state historical society of Iowa [1903?] 
Reprinted from the Iowa journal of history and politics, v. 1, no. 1, Jan. 1903. 
Winsor, Justin. 

JoHet, Marqxutte and La Salle. Historical sources and attendant cartography. 
[In his Narrative and critical history of America, jol. Boston, T. R. Osgood & 
CO. 1885. V. 4, pp. 201-246] 
For references to Franquelin see ako titles 189, 190, 203 219, 220, 267. 

1700? 

Keulen, Gerard van, 1654-1726. 

Pas Kaart Van de Golff van Mexico t Amsterdam by Gerard van 
Kevlen Boek en Zee Kaart verkoper aande- Niewe-Brug inde 
Gekroonde Lootsman Met Privilegie voor 15 laaren. 58 x 51 cms. 
1 cartouche. Undated. 

Not in the (casual) collection of charts of Gerard & Jan Van 
Keulen. Brit. Mus. Cat. Maps 33.e.2. 1720? The date is from 
Muller & CO. Amsterdam. wi. 236 

Note. — This map is reproduced with additions from Joannes van Keulen's 
map of the same title published in his De groote nieuue vermeerderde see- 
85241°— 12 14 



210 LIBRARY OF CON 

Keulen, Gerard van — Continued. 

atlas . . . Amsterdam, 1695. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 
(Supplement in preparation) The impression here described is from Claes 
Jansz Voogt's Nieuwe groote lichtende zee-fakkel . . . 1782. Consult Phillips' 
List of Geographical Atlases, title 1170. 

All maps in this atlas were issued by Gerard van Keulen and Johannes van 
Keulen, who were Gerard Hulst van Keulen's predecessors in the publishing 
house of van Keulen. 

Map no. [17] "Nieuwe en aldereerste asteekening van 't eyland St. Thomas 
. . . 1719," is the only map dated. 

Includes maps by the following navigators: Kraay, Bertrand, Frezier, Lyn- 
slager, and Sikkena. 

This copy does not correspond with the description of the fourth volume pub- 
lished in 1782, given in G. D. Bom's Bijdragen tot eene geschiedenis van het 
geslacht van Keulen. 188.5. p. SO. 

For information relating to the van Keulen family consult this work of 
G. D. Bom. 
Consult also titles 206-208. 

1700? 

Keulen, Joannes van, 1654-1704. 

Pascaerte van Westindien begrypende in zich do A'aste kusten 
en Eylanden, alles op syn waere lengte en breete op wassende 
gradcn gelegt. Met. Priviligie voor 15 laar. 't Amsterdam by 
Joannes van Keulen boekverkooper en graed-boog maecker aende 
nieuwebrugh in de gekroonde Loot.sman. 58.5 x 51.1 cms. Colors. 
One cartouche. Undated. 

Not in the (casual) collection of charts of Gerard & Jan Van 
Keulen. Brit. Mus. Cat. Maps 33.e.2. 1720? The date is that 
of Muller & co. Amsterdam. wl 237 

Note. — ^This map is found in Joannes van Keulen's Le grand nouvel atlas de la 
vier . . . Amsterdam, 169[6] Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases — 
(Supplement in preparation) 

For information relating to the van Keulen family consult G. D. Bom's Bij- 
dragen tot eene geschiedenis van het geslacht van Keulen . . . Amsterdam, 1885. 
Consult also titles 206-208. 

1700? 

Louvigny, Louis de La Porte, simr de, h. 1652. 

Carte du fleuve Mississipi avec les noms des peuples qui I'habi- 
tent et des 4tablissements des Espagnols et Anglais qui en sont 
proches, par de La Porte de Louvigny. Ms. Beginning of 18th 
cent. 51 X 40 cms. Undated. 

Original in Bibl. du Dep. de la Marine. Paris. C. 4040 (10) 
Includes from 20° N. lat. to 45° N. and west to the "Riuiere de 
la Madalene" in Texas flowing from about 42° N. lat. due S. into 
the Gulf of Mexico. (Intended for the Del Norte?) Shows 
Florida Peninsula. New Mexico not indicated. No. 284 (9) in 
Quatrieme Centenaire de la D^couverte de I'Amerique. Catalogue 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 211 

des Documents Geographiques exposes a ... la Bibliotheque 
Nationale. Paris, 1892. 238 

Note. — "Avant la fondation de la Nouvelle-Orl&ns. On a marqu^ I'endroit 
oti M. de La Salle a dt-barqu^. On y voit une 'rix-ifere qui tombe b, la mer de 
I'ouest dans la mer Vermeille, sous le parrallele du lac Michigan." 
A reference to Louvigny, giving the date of his birth, is found in I'abb^ Cyprien 
Tanguay's Dictionnaire genealogique des families Canadunnes . . . 1871, v. 1, 
p. 170. 

References are also found in Parkman's France and England in North America 
. . . Boston, 1879, v. 3; Nicolas Perrot's Memoire S7tr lea moeurs, coiistumes et 
relligion[\]dessauvagesderAmeriqueSeptentrionale . . . Leipzig & Paris, 1864; 
and in Benjamin Suite's Les Tonty in Proceedings and transactions of the Royal 
society of Canadafor . . . 1S93. v. 11, section 1, p. 3. 

Consult also "Le sieuT de Louvigny capitaine des troupes de la marine en Canada, 
ancien commandant des pays d'en haui, et le sieur de Mantet, lieutenant, ancien 
commandant a, Chicago, travaillent depuis cinq ans a reprertdre les projets de Cavelier 
dclaSaUr; les sauvages se joindront a eux. MiTnoire pour continuer la decouverte 
des mines et etablissemenls des espagnols dans le Mexique par le Mississipi. Quebec, 
14 odobre 1697," in Pierre JIargrj''s Decouvertes et etablissements desfrangais . . . 
Quatrieme partie. Decouverte par mer des bouches du Mississipi . . . Paris, 1S80, 
V. 4, p. 9-18. (Memoire adresse au Ministre de la Marine. Archives du Ministere 
de la Marine) 

1700? 
MoU, Herman, d. 1732. 

Florida. 11.5 x 9.97 cms. Unsigned, undated. -Brit. Mus. 
Cat. 75.605 (3) gives 1710? and in Maps 50.e.21, 1700? Assumed 
date is 1700 according to Brit. Mus. Chart Curator. lc 239 

Note. — This map and the one described in the following title are found in sir 
Jonas Moore's A new systeme of the mathcmatichs . . . v. 2, pt. 2, entitled 
A new geography, with maps to each country, and tables of longitude & latitude 
. . . 1681. A copy of this work is in Library of Congress. Some of these maps 
give H. Moll as engraver and others have no engraver mentioned. All, how- 
ever, have the appearance of being engraved by Moll. 

Both the maps described here and below are copied without change from 
P. Dm \&\a " Le monde ov la giographie universelle . . . Paris, 1610. Consult 
title 481 of Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. For a notice of a life of sir 
Jonas Moore consult Dictionary of natiorud biography. , 

For a notice of Du Val consult title 153. See title 322 for a map of Florida by 
Moll. 

This map and the one mentioned below are printed on the same sheet. The 
title as given in the British Museum Catalogue of Maps, col. 2736, reads as 
follows: New M. [and] Florida. [By H. Moll. London, 1700?] 
In a notice of Molls life in the Dictionary of natioiml biography, this map is 
mentioned among his maps of North America as " Neio Mexico and Florida 
about 1700." 

1700? 
Moll, Herman, d. 1732. 

Xew Mexico. 11.5 x 9.7 cms. Unsigned, undated. 

Shows New Mexico and Pacific coast with California Upper & 

Lower as an island. Brit. Mus. Cat. 75, 605 (3) which gives 1710? 

and in Maps 50.e.21 which gives 1700? Assumed date is 1700 

according to Brit. Mus. Chart Curator. lc 240 

Note. — See note to title 239 for full information relating to this map. 



212 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1700? 
Thornton, John. 

A New Map of Carolina By lohu Thornton at The Piatt in the 
Minories, Robert Morden at y" Atlas in (^orn-hill And by Phillip 
Lea at the Atlas & Herculus (sic) in The Poultry, London. 45 x 
53.5 cms. 1 cart. Undated. 

Inset in 1. r. h. corner: A particular map for the going into 
Ashley and Cooper Rivers. 13.5 x 10 cms. Shows coast north of 
B. St. Matheo. Not in liis Sea Atlas of 1704. i.c 241 

Note. — ^Various impressions of this map are in the Library of Congress collec- 
tion. One was published by Geo. Willdey, without date; another entitled 
" Carle general [!] de la Caroline" . . . par le sieua [!] S[anson]" A copy of 
this map with presumable date of 1685 is found described in the "List of 
maps of America." by P. Lee Phillips, p. 612. 

The date 1685? is given as about the time when the combined names of John 
Thornton, Robert Morden and Philip Lea are found in various publications of 
the Term catalogue, for 1683-1685. 

In the English pilot. The fourth book . . . 1706 . . . for John Thornton and 
Richard Mount, is " A new mapp of Carolina by John Thornton at ye Ptatt in 
ye Minories. And by Will: Fisher at ye Postorn Gate on Tower hill London." 

1700? 
Thornton, John. 

A New Chart of the Bahama Islands And the Windward Passage 
By John Thornton Ilydrographer At the Sign of England, Scotland 
and Ireland in the Minories London. 53x43 cms. 1 cart. Undated. 
In liis "Atlas Maritimus or The Sea- Atlas" 1700? Shows 
Florida Peninsula as far N. as 28° N. lat. Coast names only. It 
is also found in 1 704 ? copy. lc 242 

Note. — An impression of this map is foimd in the Library of Congress copy of 
Thornton's Atlas maritimvs, without date but presumably about the date given 
above. This atlas containing 23 maps is evidently in original condition. The 
two maps added were taken from a second, imperfect copy belonging to Henry N. 
Stevens, who has compared the present copy with the British Museum copy, 
which he states has 28 maps but does not contain "England," " Zcloan," 
" Mediterranean Sea" or sea-coasts of " Barbary." Two of these are in the 
present copy, the other two are added. "On the other hand the B. M. copy 
has several maps not in either of the H. S. copies but some of the B. M. are 
clearly later, one being dated 1702. From the evidence of these three speci- 
mens it is clear that the contents of copies varied as issued from time to time. 
Even the printed text exists in three separate impressions. 

See also John Seller, Theenglish pilot, described in Phillip?' List nf Geographical 
Atlases, title 283S. 

Mention is also made here of an edition of 1703. 

This map is also found in the English Pilot. The fourth book . . . 1706 . . . 
for John Thornton . . . and Richard Mount. 

1700? 
Thornton, John. 

A General Chart of The West Indies. By John Thornton Hydrog- 
rapher. At the Signe of the Piatt in the Minories, London. 
53.7 X 44 cms. 1 colored cart. Undated. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 213 

In his Atlas Maritimiis, London, [1700?] Two insets in upper 
1. h. cor. "Jamaica" 12.7 x 12 cms. and "Barbados" 8.7 x 12 cms. 
Gives Florida coast names onty. Not in his Sea Atlas of 1704. 

LC 243 

XoTE. — For an account of the atlas containing tliis map see note to title 242. 

1700? 
Thornton, John. 

A General] Chart of the West Indies By John Thornton at the 
Signe of y° Piatt in the Minories, London. 53.7 x 44 cms. 1 cart. 
Undated. 

In his Atlas maritimus. London, [1700?] One inset "Barba- 
dos" in u. 1. h. cor. Tliis is the same as the preceding map Vidth 
an inset less and omission in the title. Gives Florida coast names 
onl}-. Xot in his Sea Atlas of 1704. 244 

Note. — The Library of Congress copy of this atlas mentioned above has not 
the impression with one inset "Barbados" in upper left-hand comer, but it 
contains "A generall chart of the West Indies by John Thornton at the Signe of ye 
Piatt in the Minories, London." 

1700 
Fer, Nicolas de, 1646-1720. 

Cette Carte de Cahfornie et du Nouveau Mexique, est tiree de 
celle qui a ete envoy ee par un grand d'Espagne pour etre com- 
muniquee a M''*. de FAcademie Roj-ale des Sciences Par N. de 
Fer Geographe de Monseigneur le Dauphin Avec privilege du Roy. 
1700. C. Inselin Sculps. Colored outUne. 34 x 22.5 cms. 

WL 245 
Note. — This map is taken from Nicolas de Fer's Vatlas curieux. 1700. For a 
description of the two editions of this atlas consult Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases, titles no. S.52 <t- 546. 

A ms. outline copy of this map is found in T'Sersteuen's Cartes descriptions 
gat'Tales et particuliircs pour V intelligence des affaires . . . en Europe, en Asie, 
Afrique, et Ameriqve . . . [1726] Consult FhilliTpa' List of Geographical Atlases, 
title 570. 
For a reference to de Fer's life, consult title 205. 

1700 

Carte de la cote de la Floride depuis le Cap St. Blanco aux Isles 
St. Diego. Ms. 65 x 40.7 cms. On the back is written: "p. Ste. 
Marie Gardemarine 1700." 

Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Hyd. Paris. 138-6-3. 
Tliis is the same map as the "Plan de la Coste de la Floride depuis 
lariuiere deindios" &cof 1699. 246 

Note. — Consult title 222 for a description of the 1699 impression. 
A ms. map lOJ x 10 inches has, within a cartouche, a title very similar as follows: 
"Plan de la coste de la Floride depuis le Cap. .S! Blanco, iusqu'aux Isles Sf Diegue. 
[1700?] " Beneath the cartouche is, "Par laques Bureau." 



214 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Carte de la cote de la Floride — Continued. 

This map shows in a scroll adjoining the cartouch nnder " Table des sondes." 

"A. Establissemt des Espagnols. 

" B. Mouillage, ou est reste jl/f d' Iberuille." 

The Library of Congress has in its collection besides this map of Bureau another 

nis. map by the same author entitled: Plan de L'lle d. Vaclie & coste de S'. 

Domingue . . . without date, and a photographic reproduction of a map, with 

date 1700, made from a ms. map in the Howard memorial library in New 

Orleans, entitled : ' ' Carte des costes orientales de I 'Avi erique Septentrionale reduitte 

en cette forme par le sT C en luin 1700. premier exemplaire." 

1700 

DeHsle, GuiUaume, 1675-1726. 

L'Amerique Septentrionale. Dressee sur les observations de 
M". de TAcademie Royale des Sciences & quelques autres, & sur 
les M^moires les plus recens. Par G. de I'lsle Geographe. a Paris 
Chez I'Autlieur sur le Quai de I'Horloge Avec Privilege du Roy- 
pour 20 ans 1700. N. Gu6rard inv. et fee. 60 x 45 cms. 2 cart. 
Colored outlines. lc 247 

Note. — This impression contains the " Avertissement" in a cartouche below 

the scale. The Library of Congress copy of this map is found in Delisles 

Alias de geographie, described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 533. 

Later editions are described in titles 535, 580, 581 , 59G and 636 of the same work. 

For other editions in this collection consult titles 264, 268, 334, 335, 442 and 625. 

Consult the following references for articles relating to the life and works of 

Delisle: 

Delisle, Chiillaume, 1673-1726. Biography. 

[In Allgemeine geographische ephemeriden. 8". Weimar, 1802. v. 10, pp. 

179-182; portrait p. 97] 

A biographical sketch. 

[In Walckenaer, Charles Athanace. Vies de plusieurs personnages celebres. 

n°. Loon, Melleville, 1830. pp. 360-367] 

Dutouret, Vincent. Examen sur toutes cartes generales des quatres parties de la 

terre mises aujour par feu m. De Lisle, depuis I'annee 1700 jusqu'en 1725. Pour 

servir d' eclairdssement stir la geographie. En 1728. 

[In Lenglet Dufresnoy, Nicolm. Methode pour etudier la geographie. 3e ed. 16° 

Paris, Rollins fils, 1742. v. 1, pp. 295-330] 

Vol. 1, pt. 2, contains also "Liste des ouvrages geographiqu.es de GuiUaume De 

Lisle." pp. 165-168. 

Fontenelle, Bernard Le Bovier de. Eloge de m. De I'Isle. 

[la Acadhnie royale des sciences. Histoire. 1726. 4° Paris, 1753. pp. 75-84] 

Also in his (EuOTcs. tloges. v. 2, pp. 160-173. See a list of Delisle 's articles 

in the " Table des noms des aeademieiens et de leur correspondans. 1666-1770. 

V. 4, pp. 217-218. 

Nic^ron, Jean Pierre. GuiUaume Delisle. 

[In his Memoircs . . . Ul° Paris, 1729-1831. v. 1, pp. 214-281; v. 10, pp. 



S-57] 



1700 



Lajonk, Jaime, aiid Siscara, Juan de. 

Dcscripcion de la Baliia de Santa Maria de Gulve y Puerto de 
S? Miguel de Panzacola, con toda la Costa contigua, y las demas 



THE LOWEEY COLLECTION 215 

Bahias que tiene en ella, hasta el Rio de Apalache, observada y 
reconozida per los Ingenieros D" Jaime Lajonk, y Don Juan de 
Siscara. 1700. 64.7 x 48 cms. is tlie size of the map proper. 
Ms. on parcliment 67 x 51.5 cms. 

Original in Librar}^ of Congress. wl 248 

Note. — The original of this map was purchased by the Library of Congress 
from the collection of Pedro A'indel and described in his Cdtalogo ilustrado de obrds 
Espanolas . . . Madrid, 1903, v. 3, tille 2S07. The note to this title states: 
"Magnifico piano geogrdfico de 1700 dibujado d la aguada en varias tintas sobre 
excelente Vitela, de estos territorios que pertenecieron d la Corona de Espafia y 
que hoy formaii parte de los Estados Galveston, Nueva Orleans y Florida, 
perteuccientes a la Gran Repiiblica Norte Americana. Este magnifico mapa 
original 4 inedito que fue ejecutado en 1700 mide 0,62 metros de ancho por 
0, 52 metros de alto." 

The sketch map in this collection was made from memory by Lowery a few hours 
after seeing the above original. He entitles the sketch " Map of Pemaeola 
exiending from Apalache nearly to the Rio Perdido . . ." There follows a 
description. 

1701 
Wells, Edward, 1667-1727. 

A Xew Map of North America Shewing its Principal Divisions, 
Chief Cities, Townes, Rivers, Moimtains &c. Dedicated To His 
Highness William Duke of Glocester. Delin. MBurg. sculpt. 
Univ. Oxon. 49 x 37 cms. 2 cart. & coat of arms. Unsigned, 
undated. 

In Ids "A New Sett of Maps both of Antient and Present Geog- 
raphy . . . Imprimatur . . . Sept. 27, 1700 . , . Oxford, 1701." 

WL 249 
Note.— The Library of Congress copy of the atlas in which this map is foimd 
is described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 531. 
The map is also found in various other editions of the atlas in the Librarj' of 
Congress. 

The Library of Congress copy, however, has "Imprimatur, Sept. 28, 
1700 . . . Oxford . . . 1700." 

A reduced reproduction of this map, of a later date, 1722, is foimd in Appendix 
F, entitled: Memoir upon the voyages, discoveries, explorations, and surveys 
to and at the west coast of North America and interior of the United States 
west of the Mississippi river, between 1500 and 18S0 . . . , in George M. 
■Wlieeler's Report upon United States geographical surveys west of the one 
hundredth meridian . . . Washington, 1SS9, v. 1, p. 511. 

California is here represented as an island and discoveries above about 45° N. 
lat. are ignored. 
For a life of WeUs, consult Dictionary of national biography, v. 60, pp. 221-228. 

1701 

Kino, Eusebius Frangois, 1644-1711. 

Mapa del paso por tierra a la Califmixia y sus confinantes 
nuevas Naciones y Misiones nuevas de la Compaioia de Jesus en la 
America Septentrional, Descubierto andado y demarcado por el 



216 LIBRARY OF CONGPF.SS 

Kino, Eusebius Frangois — Continued. 

Padre Eusehio Francisco Kino, jesuita, desde el ano de 1698, hasta 
el 1701. Ms. 30 x 42 cms. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 67; Caj. 3; 
Leg. 29. Extends from 26° to 37° North lat. and 248° to 257° 
long, from (?) Indicates the rivers emptying into the Gulf of 
Cahfornia, the missions, mountain ranges &c. No. 95 in Lanzas, 
"Mapas de Mexico y Florida," Tomo 1. Considered in respect to 
Colorado River. Coues in Diary of Francisco Garc^s, New York, 
1900, p. 144. LO 250 

Note. — Backer, in his Biblwthique de la compagnie de Jesus. Bruxelles, 1893, 
V. 4, columns, 1044-1045, gives a life of Kino, and bibliography of his works, 
which contains the following notice of his map of Lower Cahfornia: 
" C. Mapa del paso por Tierra a la California, publicado por el Padre Le Gobien 
aiio 1706. 

" D. Paso por tierra a la Cahfornia y sus Confinantes Nuebas Naciones y nuevas 
Missiones de la Compaiiia de I H S en la America Septentrional descubierto, y 
anando, y demarcado Por el P. Eusebio Fran Kino Jesuita desde el aiio 1698 
hasta el de 1701. Cette copie de la plus grande beaut6 se trouve reU^e en tete 
de I'ouvrage du P. Perez de Ribas: Historia de los iriumphos de nuestra Santa 
Fe . . . Conseguidos por los Soldados . . . dcla C. de J. en las Misdones de 
Nueua Espana, (Madrid, 1645, fol.), exemplaire de la bibhoth^que de I'Ecole 
S'« Genevifeve, S. J., k Paris. Passage par terre k la Califomie. D^couvert par 
le Pfere Eusebe-Fran^ois Kino Jesuite depuis 1698 jusqu' a 1701 on Ton voit 
encore les Nouvelles Missions des PP. de la Compag" de Jesus. (Grav6 par 
InteUn) — dans les Mem. de Trcvoux, mai 1705, p. 746. 
"Cette carte est aussi dans le 5e Recueil des Lettres edifiantes. 
" ' Le P. Alcazar s'est donn^ la peine de nous en faire lui-meme una copie eur 
I'original . . . ' {Mem. de Triv., juill. 1704, p. 12SS-9) 

" Elle est axissi dans: Notes upon the first discoveries of California and the origin 
of its name. Washington, 1S7S. 8°. {Par Jules Marcou) 
"I. Le P. Kino dressa en 1697 une carte du Nouveau-Mexique, d'aprfes la 
relation MS. du P. Estevan de Perea. De L'Isle s'en servit pour la eienne. 
{Mim. de Triv., 1703, p. 676)" 

Garces' work here quoted in v. 2, contains a notice of Kino and his various 
journeys, pp. 522-556. The full title of this work is: On the trail of a Spanish 
pioneer; the diary and itinerary of Francisco Garces . . . in his travels through 
Sonora, Arizona, and California, 1775-1716. Translated from an official, con- 
temporaneous copy of the original Spanish manuscript, and edited, with copious 
critical notes by Elliot Coues . . . New York, F. P. Harper, 1900. 
See also Documentos para la Eistoria de Mexico. Quarta serie, Mexico, imprenta 
de Vicente Garcias Torres, 1856, v. 1, pp. Z27S4S. 

Besides the reproductions of this map already mentioned, the Library of Con- 
gress has also reproductions in the Royal society, London, Philosophical trans- 
actions. November and december, 1708. Sm.. 4° London, for 11. Clements, 
1709, V. 26, no. 318, opp. p. 209, to accompany An extract of a memoir, con- 
cerning the discovery of a passage by land to California . . . by Francis Maria 
Picolo; insets to the maps of Thomas Pownall, of North America, also Emanuel 
Bowen, and Robert de Vaugondy's Recueil de 10 cortes,all of which are described 
in Philhps' List of Geographical Atlases. 

The relation of Picolo is also found in Jcan-Fr^d^ric Bernard's Recueil de 
voyages au nord . . . Nouv. ed. Amsterdam, J. F. Bernard, 17S2. v. 3, 
p. 445-457. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 217 

It is also reproduced in the Kohl Collection, described by Justin Winsor, no. 
2S9, as follows: 

"Shows the results of the explorations of Father Ktihn — a German, whose name 
was changed by the Mexicans to Kino, as Kohl says — instigated by the Jesuit 
Salvatierra. The map shows the con\-ictions of Kino, that California was a 
peninsula, rather than a demonstration from his own explorations. He pub- 
lished his map originally in the Lettres cdifianles, vol. 5. {170o) and it is called 
'Passage par terre a la Califomie. Ddcouvert par le Rev. Pfere E. F. Kino, 
Jesuite, deptiis 1G98 jusqu' h. 1701.' 
'■ See Father Kino's explorations indicated in the map of Alzate. {Ante, no. 

" Kino's map was re-engraved by Buache in Paris (1754) by Sayer in a map of 
North America pubUshed in London, in the supplement of the french Encyclo- 
pedie {1777) by Marcou in Report of the chief of engineers, U. S. A., {1S7S) and 
in H. H. Bancroft's North Mexican states, J,439. Consult New. and Crit. Hist. 
America, ir, p. 467." 

This Kohl reproduction contains this ms. description: 

"^\'hen the Jesuit Salvatierra began (1697) his explorations and missionary 
settlements in Old California, he was anxious to know, if this country was an 
island, as it was represented to be on the maps of the time, or if it was connected 
with the continent, as it was made to be on the ancient maps. He therefore 
persuaded his friend the Father Kiihn, a German (whose name was changed by 
the Mexicans to Kino) to ascertain this fact. 

"Kino or Kilhn made for this purpose different exploring expeditions from 
Sonora, where he had his mission. He travelled through the sandy, deserts, 
which surrotind the Mar Vermejo towards the North-East. He reached the 
Ghila and Colorado. He sailed down this river to its mouth, reached the oppo- 
site side and marched "many miles" into the interior of the countrj' in a South- 
em direction. But because he fell short of provisions and strength he could not 
advance quite as far South as the Settlements and missions of his friend Salva- 
tierra, and was obliged to return to Sonora (1701) Nevertheless Kino was con- 
^^nced that California was not an island and so it was also proclaimed to be by 
father Salvatierra though it was not proved "with all the desirable certainity." 
Kino constructed a chart of the Northern end of the CaUfomia Gulf, on which 
he put down his ideas and experiences, the rivers seen by him, the missions 
founded by him: 'Mission of St. Clara 1698,' that of 'St. Pierre 1699,' and 
that of 'S Dionysio 1700' on the Colorado. 

" This map was pubHshed in Europe in the Lettres edifiantes and the present is 
a copy of that publication. It has the following title: 'Passage par terre a la 
CaUfornie. Decouvert par le Rev. Pere E. F. Kino, Jesuite, deptiis 1698 jusqua 
1701' (Passage by land to California. Discovered by the Rev. Father E. F. 
Kino a Jesuit from 1698 to 1701.) — The European geographers did by far not 
correct at once their maps after Kino's views, partly because they did not 
beheve in them, partly because they did not know them." 
In an article by Jules Marcou entitled Notes upon tfie first discoveries of Cali- 
fornia and the origin of its name, published in U. S. War department. Annual 
report of the Secretary of War for the year 187S, v. 2, pt. 3, pp. 1648-1651, is an 
interesting discussion, from which the following is extracted, relating to the 
various maps of CaUfomia and showing the differing opinions as to its being 
an island or peninsula: 

' ' In the collection V of 'Lettres edifiantes el curieuses ccrites des Missions etrangh-es 
par quelques missionaires de la Compagnie de Jesus, Paris, 1724,' is found a 
memoir touching the condition of missions ... in CaHfomia . . . The memoir 
was not printed tmtil 1724, and was published in 1725. 



218 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Kino, Eusebius Frangois — Continued. 

"A map of the greatest imijortance in the history of California and of Arizona 
accompanies this memoir. This map is entitled 'Passage par ierre a la Cali- 
fornie decouvert par le Rev. Pere Euslhe Francois Kino, Jisuite, depuis 1698 
jusqu' a 1701, oil Von voit encore les Nouvelles Missions desP. P. de la Compagnie 
de Jesus.' 

"As the editor stated in the epistle or preface, the map of Father Kno demon- 
strated that California was not an island, but indeed a peninsula, which was 
contrary to maps published at that period . . . 

"Notwithstanding the discoveries of Uloa and Alarcon, many geographers 
maintained that California was an island, and the maps of the sixteenth and 
seventeenth centuries, and even of the commencement of the eighteenth, show 
various opinions upon this important geographical question. Upon some, Cali- 
fornia is indicated as a peninsula, upon others as an island, and generally the 
oldest maps of the sixteenth century are the most correct. 
"In like manner the map of the world, by Sebastian Cabot in 1544, that of G<5rai-d 
Mercator in 1569, and that of Abraham Ortelius in 1570, all indicate that Cali- 
fornia is a peninsula. Even the maps of Michal Mercator in 1631, and of New 
France by the Jesuit father Louis Hennepin in 1683, make it a peninsula. 
"But from the beginning of the middle of the seventeenth century the idea that 
California was an island generally predominated. It is thought that the author 
who did the most to make that opinion prevail was the Dutchman Joannes 
Janssonius of Amsterdam, who, in his atlas of the maritime world, gave a map 
borrowed as he says, from the Spaniards, in which California is represented as 
an island. All the geographers began to copy it. So upon the maps of North 
America, by Nicolas Sanson, from 1650 to 1669, we read the island of California; 
in like manner upon the maps of Jallot, 1674-1675; upon that of Potin of 1689, 
and upon that of William Berry (North America) published in 1680. 
"The geographer DuVal,in his maps of America in 1055, 167G, and 1679, shows 
the island of California which he prolongs up to the Straits of Anian or Anien 
(which has later become the Straits of Juan de Fuca). Vanden-Aa [!] about 
the middle of the seventeenth century, gives also an island. Danckerts, of 
Amsterdam, in his America Nova Descriptio, 1661, represents, in like manner, 
California as an island, and so does the geographer AUard in the middle of the 
seventeenth centvu*y. The Dutch geographer Blaer [!] who represented 
California as a peninsula in 1662, made it an island in 1659 and 1670. 
"New Mexico, by Coronelli in 1680, represents California as an island. The 
large and magnificent globe of the same geographer dedicated to Louis xrv in 
1683, and which is preserved in the National Library at Paris, also shows Cali- 
fornia as an island. The same author writes upon a map, published at Venice 
at the close of the seventeenth century, 'Isola di California. ' 
" Nicolas de Fer, who had made this error in a map in 1698, perpetuated it even 
up to 1717, when in his map entitled 'Amcrigue divisee selon Vetendue de ses 
prindpales parlies ' he still gives the island of California linuted on the north 
by the North Strait and terminated at the south by Cape St. Luc (Cape Saint 
Lucas) 

" Of all the geographers at the close of the seventeenth and commencement of the 
eighteenth century, Guillaume Delisle, first geographer of the King of France, 
Louis XIV, ia the one who has shown himself the most sagacious. In a letter to 
M. Cassini, without date, but which must have been written about the year 
1698, and which was published at Amsterdam by Jean Frederic Bernard in the 
'Recexteil de voyage au nord, ' Delisle shows a mind filled with sound criticism 
and a clear knowledge of facts touching California. Delisle after having well 
considered the matter, stated that he thought it prudent to leave blank, as 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 219 

unknovm, that part of the globe, and to make California 'neither an island nor a 
part of the continent, ' and to await something more positive before arriving at a 
decision. He did not have to wait a long time for in his map of North America, 
dated 1700, Delisle joined California to the continent, and he maintained that 
California was a peninsula in his map of 1702. It is e\'ident that after the com- 
mencement of the year 1700 Guillaume Delisle must have received information of 
the discovery, by the Jesuit father Kino, of the passage by land from New 
Mexico to California which this missionaiy had made during the year 1G98. 
" Beginning with the maps of Guillaume Delisle, the truth triumphed. Soon 
all map-makers adopted his opinion and made use of the famous discovery of 
Father Kino, joining California as a peninsula to the American continent . . ." 
Consult also title 253 for another reproduction of Kino's map. 
For further notice of Kino, consult Irving Berdine Richman's California under 
Spain and Mexico. 8°. Boston, Houghton Mifflin co., 1911. pp. 42-61. 

1701 

Fer, Nicolas de, 1646-1720. 

Les Costes aux Environs de la Riviere de Misisipi. Decouvertes 
par Mr de la Salle en 16S3. et recoiinues par Mr le Chevallier 
d'lberville en 1698. et 1699. par N. de Fer, Geographe de 
Monseigneur le Dauphin. 1701. Vincent de Ginville Sculpsit. 
33 X 21.5 cms. 

Accompanied by a page of text entitled "Description de la 
Decouverte du ]!klissisipi, Par N. de Fer. See "Cartographie dela 
Louisiane par R. Thomassy. NouveUe Orleans, 1856. p. 209. 

WL 251 
Note. — This map appears in de Fer's U Atlas curieiur, issued in five annual 
parts from 1700-1704, and also in the edition of 1705. This map dated 1701 is 
found described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, titles 5S2 and 546. 
ThovaSLSsy, inhis Geologie pratique dela Louisiane . . . Paris, 1860, p. 209, Ba.ys: 
"Cette carte de N. de Fer, est combin^e de deux autres; la premiere est celle 
envoy^e a Paris en 1700 et dont la Planche 1 (Figure 3) reproduit uu extrait. 
La seconde est egalemeut conservee aux Archives scientifiques de la marine; mais 
la combinaison des deux cartes, au Heu d'en avoir fait ime troisifeme meilleure, 
en a fait, comme il arrive le plus souvent, une bien inferieure. 
" Ceci n'est xrai toutefois que sous le rapport g^ographique; car la carte de N. de 
Fer a le m6rite de donner la statistique, peut-etre la plus complete que Ton ait, 
des tribxis indiennes contemporaines de I'expedition d'lber^dlle. 
" Le seul exemplaire imprim^, que j'en connaisse, fait partie de ma collection 
Louisianaise." 
For notices of de Fer consult title 205. 

1701 

Delisle, Guillaume, 1675-1726. 

Carte des environs du Mississipi par G. de I'lsle, Geogr. Donnee 
par M. d. Iberville en 1701. Ms. .102 x 73 cms. 

Original in Bibl. du Dep. de la Marine. Paris. C. 4040 (4) 
Includes the Florida peninsula, the Gulf coast to south of the 
Tropic and New Mexico, where Moqui is shown directly south of 
Zuni. Route of the Spaniards to the Bay of St. Louis, English 



220 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Delisle, Guillaume — Continued. 

route from Carolina to tlie Clucasaws &c. Extends from Checagou 
to Valladolid in Mexico. No. 2S4 (3) in Quatrieme Centenaire de 
la Decouverte de rAm^rique. Catalogue iles Documents Geogra- 
pliiques exposes ^ ... la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. 

LC252 
Note. — A photographic copy of this map according to the original size is in the 
collection of the Library of Congress. 

The title no. 284 referred to in this catalogue is followed by this note: 
"284 (3)— Carte des environs du Mississipi par G. de I'lsle, G^ogr. Donn^e par 
M. d'Iberville en 1701. Ms. 1,02 sur 0,73. 

' ' (Belle carte donnant la route des Espagnols k la bale St-Louis, celle de Cavelier 
de la bale St-Louis aux Arkansas, celle que les Anglais tiennent de la Caroline 
pour venir aux Chicassae. Les noms de villages et de villes sont accompagn^a 
du nombre des feux. ' Dans la ville de Mexique, il y a 3 lieues de longeur et 
presque autant de largeur, et dont les maisons sont trfes belles; il y a plus de 
4000 carrosses, plus de 100 eglises, quantit6 de convents de religieux et religie- 
uses; il y a plus de 6000 Espagnols et Espagnoles; il y a plusde200000 Indienset 
Indiennes et plus de 100000 esclaves noirs et blancs; en tout plus de 400000 
habitants sans compter les enfants, et des richesses immenses.' Cette carte 
embrasseen latitude I'espacecompris entre Checagou et Valladolid au Mexique) 
Bibl. du Depot de la marine. C. 4040 (4) " 

In an article by Delisle, entitled Leltre . . . sur V embouchure de la rivHre de 
Mississipi, published in the Journal des sgavans pour I'annee 1700, Paris, 1701, 
pp. 362-373, he says, at end: 

"M. d'Iberville yest retourn^ comevous savez,bien resolu de n'en pas revenir 
sans etre parfaitement inform^ du Pays, come il se voit par une de ses letres, 
& j'espere k son retour en savoir davantage: car avant qu'il parttt pour ce 
second voyage, on lui envoya une Carte & des memoires que j'ai faits, avec 
priere de faire atention auxchoses que je lui demande." 
This article was translated into english in The history of the worls of the learned, 
may, 1700. London, 1700, v. 2, pp. 276-280. 

It is also found in Jean Frederic Bernard's Recueil de voyages au nord . . . 
Amsterdam, 1732, v. 4, pp. 555-568. 

Consult also an article by Delisle entitled: Sur la longitude de V embouchure de 
la riviire Saint Louis, nommee communement le fleuve Misissipi . . . pub- 
lished in VAcademie royale des sciences. Histoire. 1726. Paris, 1753, pp. 
249-259. 

A manuscript copy of a map of great interest, in five sheets, each 20 x 30 inches, 
is found in the L. C. collection and is entitled: " Carte de la riviire de Mississipi, 
mr les memoires de m. le Sueur qui en a pris avec la boussole tous les tours et 
detours depuis la mer jusqu'h la riviire St. Pierre, et a pris la hauteur du pole en 
plusieurs endroits par Guilliaume De r Isle . . . 1702." 

Consult also title 247 for reference to Delisle's L'Amirique septentrionale, 1700. 
Eeed, Charles Bert. The first great Canadian, the story of Pierre Lc Moyne, 
sieur d' Iberville . . . mth illustrations and maps. Chicago, A. C. McClurg & co., 
1910. A reproduction of a portion of Delisle's map is found bet. pp. 226-227. 
Iberville's views relating to the maps of that region are expressed in this quota- 
tion from the above work: 

"In France his return was awaited with impatience. His reports aroused the 
interest of science, the zeal of commerce, and encouraged the Government to 
greater exertions. Iberville had carefully taken the latitude and longitude of 
the places he had visited, and thereby revealed the reasons for the pre\'ious geo- 
graphical errors as well as those of La Salle, who had abandoned himself to incor- 



THE LOWER Y COLLECTION 221 

rect maps. He saj^s, ' All charts hitherto made have been drawn by people who 
do not know the degrees of latitude and longitude nor how far places are from one 
another and who do not count the turns and twists of the way.' Nevertheless 
maps continued to be published for a number of years which gave the location 
of the river incorrectly. " 

In Pierre Margry's Dicourertes et itablusements des frangais . . . Quatrihne 
partk. Decouverle par iner des houches du Misshdpi et Hahlissemmts de Le 
Moyne d'lbennlk . . . Paris, 1880, are various references to maps used and 
maps to be made by Iberville. In the letter of august 11, 1699, is this 
reference: "J'ay donn6 ordre ^ M. Remy, qui copie la carte de la rivifere 
du Mississipi et des environs, de vous I'envoyer de La Rochelle, aussitost 
qu'elle sera faite. Je ne doute pas que vous ne I'ayez a pr&ent. " 
In p. 315 reference is made to the " Fausses positions doun^es par les cartes. " 
The letter of august 30, states: "J'ay receu la carte que vous m'avez fait 
I'honneur de m'envoyer de la rivifere du Saint-Esprit; je ne Sfay qu' en 
penser . . ." 

In the "Memmre pour servir d'instruction au sieur d'Iberville, capitains de 
fregate Icgire, commandant la Renommee," pp. 348-354- is found: "II rectifiera 
les cartes qui en out est^ faites, fera en mesme temps des observations sur 
les dangers de cette coste pour les esviter et sur ce qu'il y aura a observer pour 
y na\-iguer seurement." 

In a letter of julv 2, 1701, it is stated that "Le Sieur Remy Reno estoit embar- 
qu6 avec moy sur la Badine pour lever les plans et cartes du pays oil je passerois, 
ce qu"il ne fit point. " 

These are all the statements relating to maps which are referred to in the various 
reports and letters by Iber\'ille in this work of Margry. The manuscript map 
of Delisle described in this title may have been made to accompany some 
report here mentioned. 

Consult: Relation or journal of the voyage of father [Jacques] Gravier, of the 
Society of Jesus, in 1700, from the country of the Illinois to the mouth of the Mis- 
sissipi river. Written to father de Lamberville and sent from fort Mississipi, 17 
leagues from its discharge into the Mexican gulf or sea, on the 16th offebruary, 
1701, in Jesuit relations and allied documents . . . Cleveland, the Burrows 
brothers, 1900. v. 65, pp. 101-179. 

Desmazures, Adam Charles Gustave. Histenre du chevalier d'Iberville, 1663- 
1706. X, 291 pp. front, {port.) pi., facsim., maps. 8°. Montreal, J. M. 
Valois, 1890. 
Privately printed. 

Voyage d'Iberville. Journal du voyage fait par deuxfregates du roi, La Badine, 
commandee par M. d'Iberville, et Le Marin, par M. E. Chevalier de Surgires, qui 
parlirent de Brest le vendredi, 24 octobre 1698, oil elles avaient reldche, etant parties 
de Larochelle le 5 septembrc precedent. 1 p.l-, 48 pp. 8° Montreal, E. Senecal, 
1871. 

[The literary and historical society of Quebec. Manuscripts of the early history of 
Canada. Sd ser. no. 5] 
Cover-title. 

"Ce memoir est d'un ofEcier du Marin . . . peut-etre de m. Surgeres." 
Consult JVo/e. [p. 1] 
For references to Delisle consult title 247. 

1702 
Kino, Eusebius FranQois, 1644-1711. 

Tabula California, anno 1702. Ex autoptica observatione 
delineata a R. P. Cliino e. S. I. 35.5 x 21.5 cms. 



222 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Kino, Eusebius Frangois — Continued. 

In Der Neiic Welt-bott . . . [Zusamniengetragen von Joseph 
Stocklein . . . Augspurg, iind Gratz, 1726-58. Vol. 1. pt. 2. 
p. 74. Based on Kino's map of 1701. Diaiy of Francisco Garces, 
CoLies. 1900. p. 144. lc 253 

Note. — This map accompanies the letter of Adam Gilg, or Adamo Gilo, pub- 
lished in the book above described, no. 53, p. 75, anno 1692. 

The border title of this map is as above given. The title in the cartouche is as 

follows: 

" Via terrestris in Califomiam comperta et deteda per r. patrem Eusebium Fran. 

China i S. I. Germanum. Adnotatis novis Missionibtis ejiig dan Soctis ab Anno 

1698 ad annum 1701." 

Consult copy in Library of Congress. 

For references to Kino and the various reproductions of his map consult title 250. 

1702 
Fer, Nicolas de, 1646-1720. 

Le Vieux Mexique ou Nouvelle Espagne auec les costes de la 

Floride Faisant partie de TAmerique Septentrionale Par N. de Fer. 

Geogr. de Monseig le Dauplun. A Paris chez I'Auteur dans I'lsle 

du Palais sur le quay de I'Orloge a la Sphere Royale Auec Privil. 

du Roy 1702. 32.5 x 22.5 cms. wl 254 

Note. — This map is found in de Fer's L'atlas curieux, issued in five annual 
parts from 1700-1704, and also with date 1705 in the edition of that date. 
For description of this atlas consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, titles 
5S2 and 646. 

A ms. copy of this map, dated 1726, is found in T'Sersteuens Cartes descrip- 
tions generates et particuliires pour Vintelligence des affaires . . . en Europe, 
en Asie, Afrique, et Amerique . . . [1726] Consult Phillips' LiH of Geograph- 
ical Atlases, title 570. 
For notices of de Fer consult title 205. 

1703 

Carte des Environs du fort dc St. Augustin a la coste de la Floride 
1703. Ms. 58.5 x 39.5 cms. No name or place. Anonymous. 
Colors. Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Hyd. Paris. 
138-4-2. WL 255 

Note. — This collection contains two copies of this map. One, a colored ms. 

copy is an " enlargement to about i of original of sketch made from original," 

the other is a reduced photograph entitled Plan du port etfort de Saint AvLgustin 

de la Floride. Both maps contain the following table: 

A. Bourg, Chateau, et Hermitage. 

B. Isle de la Cantere, descente du Secours. 

C. Entree du Port et Banc. 

D. Entree de la Barre de Matance. 

E. Chemin par ou les Anglois sont fui. 

F. Mouillage des Batimens Angolis. 

G. Mouillage de deux Batim~ Espagoh [.'] 
E. Mouillage de 2fregaUe [.'] Espagnols. 

I. Mouillage po la descente des Espagnols. 
L. Retraitte des Anglois. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 223 

1703 

Delisle, Guillaume, 1()7.")-172G. 

Carte du Mexique et de la Floride des Terres Angloises et des 
Isles Antilles du Cours et des Environs de la Riviere de Mississipi. 
Dress^e Sur im grand nombre de memoires principalem! sux ceux 
de M^^ d' Iberville et le Sueur Par Guillaume Del 'Isle Geographe 
de rAcademie Royale des Scieces. A Paris, Chez I'Auteur Rue 
des Canettes pres de S' Sulpice avee Privilege du Roy por 20. ans. 
1703. C. Simonneau fecit. 64.5 x 47.4 cms. 

For Mercator's influence on Florida territory settled by the 
French in 1562-64 see his "Virginiae item et Floridae . . . nova 
descriptio 1606." This map was republished with the same title 
and dated 1722 in his Atlas Nouveau, Amsterdam, J. Covens & 
C. Mortier [1741 ?] Vol. n. No. 39. wl 256 

Note. — The Library of Congress collection contains this map in Delisle's 
Atlas de geographic, title 533, and in Julien's Le thedtre du monde . . . de- 
scribed in Phillips' List of Geographix^al Atlases, titles 533 and 641. 
The same, dated 1722, engraved by "I. Stemmers senior," showing commercial 
routes, etc., is in Delisle's Alias; consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, 
title 565; also in his Atlas nouveau, 1733, title 5S0; and [Vilf] title 596. For 
various revised editions of this map consult Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases. 

Reviewed in Memoire de Trevoux. Avril, 1703, pp. 673-678. 
For references to Delisle, consult title 247. 

1703 
Mortier, Pieter 

Theatre de la Guerre en Amerique telle qu'elle est a present 
Possedee par las Espagnols, Anglois, Francois, Hollandois, &c: 
Nouvellement mis au jour, par Pierre Mortier ... 51 x 59, or 57 
cms., exclusive of title. 

In his Atlas Nouveau Des Cartes geographiques choisies, ou le 
Grand Theatre de la Guerre ... A Amsterdam, Chez Pierre 
Mortier, 1703. This map is republished in 1757(?) by Covens et 
Mortier in a large sheet and undated. lc 2.57 

Note. — This map is in two sheets, each measuring 22 x 20} inches. The title 
given above is the top border one. Within the cartouche, is the title "Ardd- 
pelague du Mexique ou sont les isles de Cuba, Espagnole, lamaeque, &c. . . ." 
It shows co mm ercial routes and is illustrated with an engraving in the lower 
left hand comer of the second sheet. 

The map is in the collection of the Library of Congress and is described in Phil- 
lips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 2823. For the 1757 edition of this map 
consult title -427. For references to Pieter Mortier consult title 145. 

1705 
Pensacola Bay. "Copie par D. Laisne fils. 1705". Ms. 42.7 x 
35.3 cms. Unsigned. Anon_\Tnous. 

Original in Dep. de la. Marine. Serv. Hyd. Paris. 138-9-5. 

LC 258 



224 LIBEAKY OF CONGRESS 

1705 

CMtelain, Henri Abraham, 1684-1743. 

Nouveau Mexique. 7.5 x 6.2 cms. Unsigned, undated. 
With a descriptive text. In his "Atlas historique". Amster- 
dam, M.D.cc.v. vol. 1. Espagne. (6 vols. v. 1. 1705; vol. 6. 1719) 
This is one of 14 marginal maps with their descriptive text sur- 
rounding larger map of Spain printed on a sheet entitled: Carte 
d'Espagne et des Principaux Etats Appartenans a Cette Monarchic 
dans les 4 Parties du Monde. No. 34. This map measures 43.5 x 
32.5 cms. exclusive of its title. In lower r. h. cor. "Avec Privilege 
de No^'seigneurs {sic with superior letter) les Etats de Holande et 
West Frise." 

The 2^ edit, of the Atlas Historique of 1739 reproduces these 
maps with same vol. and paging. wl 259 

Note. — The full title of this atlas, both editions of which are described in 

Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, titles 548 and 579, is: 

ChatelaLn, Henri Abraham. Atlas historique, ou, nouvelle introduction b. Vhis- 

toire, a la chronologic & a la gcographie ancicnne & moderne . . . par vir. C. 

* * * [anon.] Avec des dissertations sur Vhistoire de chaqne Hat, par m. 

[Nicolas] Gueudeville. 7 v. fol. Amsterdam, F. I'llonore <{■ Chdtelain, 

1705-20. 

Edition varies: v. 1, 1705; v. 2-3, 1708; v. 4, 1714; v. 5-6, 1719; v. 7, 1720. 

See also title 579. 

V. 3, published as tome 2, seconde par-tie. 

Engraved frontispiece. 

Title of V. 7: Suplement a V Atlas historique . . . 

Besides the above mentioned inset, it contains the following relating to America: 

Isles Antilles.— Golf e de Mexique.— Tene Feme.— Le Perou-— Chili.— Rio de la 

Plata ou Paraguay. — Isles Philipines. 

A notice of the life of Chatelain is found in Qu6rard's La France Utthraire, v. 2, 

pp. 156-157; and of Gueudeville in the following: 

Gueudeville, Nicolas, 1654-1820. Biography. 

[In Aa, Abraham Jacob van der. Biographisch uoordenboek der Nederlanden. 

S? Haarlem. 1859. v. 7, pp. 5J~-5J9] 

Paquot, Jean Noel. Nicolas GuoidcviU,-. 

[In his Memoires pour servir a Vhistoire littiraire . . . dc.i Pays-Bas. 161 

Louvain, 1763. v. 14, pp. S24-S.37] 

1705 
Sanson, Nicolas, d' Abbeville, 1G00-16G7. 

Florida zoo als het van de Spaanschen en Franscheri wordt beze- 
ten, door N. Sanson, Geogr. Ord"'." du Roy. 24.6 x 17.5 cms. 

WL 260 
Note.— This map is found between pp. 340-341, v. 3, of A. Ph6rot6e de La 
Croix's Algemeene weereld-beschryving . . . Op een gantsch nieuwe, zeer hlaere 
ordre in ' t fransch beschreeven . . . t' Amsterdam, 1705. 

It is an exact reproduction of that in Sanson's L'Amerique en plxisieurs carles 
. . . 1657, which is described, with other editions in Phillips' List of 
Geographical Atlases. 

For reference to the life and works of Sanson -consult title 136. 
See also title 149 for an account of the first edition of this map. 



THE LOWEEY COLLECTION 225 

1705 

Sanson, Nicolas, d' Abbeville, 1000-1607. 

T' Gebiedt van Guadalajara, Niew Mexico, en Califomie enz, 
door N. Sanson d' Abbeville Geogr Ordin du Roy. 23.1 x 20 cms. 

WL261 
Note.— This map is found between pp. 352-353, of A. Ph6rot6e de La Croix's 
Algemeene weereld-beschnjving . . . Op een gantsch nieuwe zeer hlaere ordre in 
't Fransch beschreeven . . . I' Amsterdam, 1705. 

It is an exact reproduction of that in Sanson's L'Amerique en plusieurs 
cartes . . . 1657, which is described, with other editions in Phillips' List of 
Geographical Atlases. For references to the life and works of Sanson consult 
title 136. See also title 148 for an account of the first edition of this map. 

1705 

Fer, Nicolas de, 1646-1720. 

L'Amerique Septentrionale et les Terres Polaires Ar'^tique 
Dressee par N. de Fer. A Paris Chez I'Auteur dans I'lsle du 
Palais a la Sphere Royalle avec Privil. du Roy 1705. 27.8 x 20.4 
cms. WL 262 

>OTE.— This map is taken from de Fer's Petit et nouveau atlas . . . Paris, 1705. 

The text is by Pierre Du Val. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, 

title 547. 

For references to de Fer consult title 205. 

For references to the life of Du Val consult title 153. 

1705 

Fer, Nicolas de, 1646-1720. 

Carte Generale du Globe Terrestre et Aquatiques ou Mappe- 
monde en deux Plans-Hemisphere Par N. de Fer Geographe de 
Monseigneur le Dauphin Avec Privilege du Roy 1705. Inselin 
sculps. 28 X 20.6 cms. Colored outline. WL 262a 

Note.— This map is taken from Nicolas de Fer, Petit et nouveau atlas, 1705, 

described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 547. 

For reference to de Fer's life, consult title 205. 

1705 

Chatelain, Henri Abraham, 1684-1743. 

Xouvelle carte de I'Amerique Septentrionale dressee sur les plus 
nouvelles observations de Messieurs de TAcad^mie des Sciences et 
des Meilleurs Geographes avec des tables tres instructives et curi- 
euses de la division de tous les 6tats et les differents souverains qui 
en sont possesseurs. 59.3 x 47 with above entete. Unsigned, 
undated. wl 263 

Note. — This map is taken from "demiere ed. cor. & aug". of H. A. Chatelain's 

Atlas hktorique . . . 1782-17-39. It is found in v. 1, dated 1732. 

For a description of this atlas consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 

579. For references to the life of Chatelain and Gueudeville see title 259. 

This map shows the routes of various explorers on the Pacific coast. 

85241°— 12 15 



226 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1705? 

DeUsle, GiiiUaume, 1675-1726. 

L'Amerique Septentrionale Dressee sur les Observations de M" 
de I'Acad^mie Royale des Sciences & quelques autres, & sur les 
M^moires les plus recens. Par G. de I'lsle. A Amsterdam Chez 
Pierre Mortier. Avec Privilege. 58.2 x 45.3 cms. Colors. 2 car- 
touches. Undated. 

Latin title: America Septentrionalis in Suas Prsecipuas Partes 
Divisa, ad usum Serenissimi Burgundice Ducis. Exterior to above 
measurements. The date 1705? is that given it by Muller & co. 
Amsterdam. See his maps with same title: k Amsterdam chez 
Pierre Schenk 1708; Amsterdam chez I. Covens & C. Mortier, ca. 
1730, both of which are issues of the same map as this ; and America 
Septentrionalis, apud Johan Frid. Probst undated, 1733? Also 
Amsterdam, chez E. & J. Ottens ca. 1760 (Muller), which is the 
same plate with an "Avertissement" of changes; and the map 
with Latin title, Augustae Vindelicorum, apud Tobiam Conr. 
Lotter, ca. 1780, which is the same plate, with an "Annotatio" 
and changes. For the influence of Mercator in the Florida settle- 
ments of the French of 1562-64 see his: Virginiae itemct Floridae 
. . . nova descriptio, 1606 (i. e. River of May &c) vn, 264 

Note. — For the first impressions of this map and the life of the author, consult 

title 247. 

For references to the various atlases which Mortier published consult title 145. 

This impression does not contain the "Avertissement." 

For other impressions of this map in this collection, consult titles 247, 268, 334, 

335, 442 and 625. 

1706 
Aa, Pieter van der, d. 1730. 

Zee en land togten Franzsen gedaan na, en in 't Americaana 
gewcst van Florida, aller-eerst Joh. Pontius ontdekt. Vytgeroerd 
te Leyden door P. Vander Aa. undated. 16.5 x 23 cms. 

In Verscheyde scheeps-togten na Florida, door Pontius, Ribald, 
Laudonniere, Gourgues en andere: gedaan in het jaar 1562, en 
vervolgens. Te Leyden, P. vander Aa, 1706. lc 265 

Note. — A copy of this work containing the above map is found in the Library 

of Congress and is mentioned in Phillips' List of maps of America, p. 279. 

It is volume 16 of Naauhewige versameling der gedenh-ioaardigste zee en land- 

reysen na Oast en Wesl-Indi'en . . . Leyden, P. vander Aa, 1707. 

The map is also found in Aa's Atlas nouveau et curieux des plus celihres itiniraires 

. . . a Leide[172S] ■which, is described in Fhillipa' List of Geographical Atlases, 

title 9G. 

For notices of the life of Aa consult title 230. 

1708 
Plan de la Coste de la Floride depuis le Cap S'. Blanc iusques aux 
isles st diegue. Ms. 24 x 18.7 cms. L^nsigned, undated. Anony- 
mous. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 227 

On the back is written: "Join a la lettre de M. tie ValeUle du 12 
Marz 1708. This is a reduction of the map "Plan de la Coste de 
la Floride dcpuis la riuiere de indios" of 1699. 2G6 

Note. — For a deacription of this map consult title 222. 

1708 

Franquelin, Jean Baptiste Louis, b. 1653. 

Carte generale de la Xouvcllc France dans TAm^rique septen- 
trionale, oil est encore compris la Nouvelle Angleterre, la Nouvelle 
Yore, la Nouvelle Albanie, la Pensilvanie, la Virginie et la Floride, 
par Franquelin. 1708. Ms. 53 x 44 cms. 

Original in Bibl. du Dep. de la" Marine. Paris. C. 4044 (10) 
Extends from 15° N. lat. to 65° and west to include Gulf Coast and 
part of Texas. New Mexico and California not shown. Shows 
distribution of Indian tribes. It is a reduction of his map of 1692. 
No. 279 (1) in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte de TAmeri- 
que. Catalogue des Documents Geographiques exposes a ... la 
Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris. 1892. lc 267 

Note.— For an earlier edition of this map consult title 203. A reproduction 
is found in Marcel's Reproductions de cartes & de globes relatifs a la decouverte 
de VAmerique . . . Paris, 1S94, which is described in Phillips' List of Geo- 
graphical Atlases, title 1138. The "Text explicatif," pp. 133-135, gives this 
description: 

" ' En partant du Canada et de la Louisiane, en regardant sur les vieilles cartes 
r^tendue des anciennes colonies fran^aises en Amerique, je me demandais 
comment le gouvemement de mon pays avait pu laisser perir ces colonies qui 
eeraient aujourd'hui pour nous une source inepuisable de prosp^rit^. 
" ' Del'Acadieetdu Canada a la Louisiane, del'embouchuredu Saint-Laurent a 
celle du Mississipi, le territoire de la Nouvelle-France entoura ce qui formait la 
confi'deration des treize premiers Etats-Unis; les onze autres, avec le district 
de la Colombie, le territoire de Michigan, du Nord-Ouest, du Missouri, de 
rOregon et de I'Arkansas nous appartenaient ou nous appartiendraient comme 
ils appartiennent aux Etats-L^nis par la cession des Anglais et des Espagnols, 
nos successeurs dans le Canada et dans la Louisiane. Le pays compris entre 
I'Atlantique au nord-ouest, la mer polaire au nord, I'ocean Pacifique et les 
possessions russes au nord-ouest, le golfe mexicain au midi, c'est-a-dire plus 
des deux tiers de I'Am^rique septentrionale reconnaitraient les lois de la 
France.' (Chateaubriand, Mimoires d'outre-tombe, t. 1, p. 363) 
"A cette questionquese pose I'auteur du Genie du Christianisine, il y auraitune 
longue r^ponse a faire, car les causes de notre Eviction ont ^t6 multiples; con- 
tenons-nous de signaler la politique maladroite de Louis xv qui lui a toujours 
fait sacrifier I'interet commercial et colonial aux \'isees chimeriques qu'il 
poursuivait en Europe; les secours insuffisants que le Ministere envoyait en 
Amerique comparativement aux forces considerables qui y etaient accumulees 
par I'Angleterre, enfin le petit nombre de nos colons qui, bien que s'c^tant 
prodigieusement accru de 11,249 en 1688, a 25,000 en 1721 et a 54,000 en 1759, 
furent litteralement ecrases par la superiorite num^rique de leur ennemis. 
Bien d'autres raisons peuvent etre invoquees pour expliquer notre ^chec final 
apres une periode d'acti\dte commerciale et de properite, mais cette exposition 
nous entrainerait trop loin. 



228 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Franquelin, Jean Baptists Louis— Continued. 

" Franquelin, I'auteurde la carte de la Nouvelle-France que nous reproduisons, 
carte qui appartient au Depot de la Marine et niesure 0™,J)3 x 0™,44, noua 
avertit qu'il a passe plus de vingt annees a la preparer et a parcourir les pays 
qui y sont traces. De suite on s'aper^oit du soin qu'il y a apportS et de la 
quantite consid(5rable de renseignements qu'il a mis en oeuvre. Elle est 
extremement charg^e non seulement sur les cotes de la mer et sur les rives du 
Saint-Laurent qui ^taient depuis longtemps occupies par nos colons, mais 
aussi dans I'interieur des terres ou se rencontrent en quantity les nonis de 
rivi&res et de lacs ainsi que de tribus indiennes. C'est en vain, croyons-nous 
qu'on chercherait k cette i5poque une carte aussi riche en informations de toute 
eorte et desainoe avec plus de soin. 

"Mais cette pi^ceest absolument d^fectueuse et les vices de construction qu'on 
y releve sont inh^rents S, toutes les representations de rAm^rique du Nord dues 
k Franquelin. Ainsi, I'auteur nous donne le cours du Mississipi depuis sa 
source qu'il place par 58° de latitude nord jusqu'a son embouchure; ce trac6 
est absolument detestable, surtout dans la partie inferieure; il fait decrire au 
fleuve deux angles compl(5tement fautifs puisque le Mississipi descend presque 
tout droit jusqu'i la mer. Cette erreur grossifere pouvait se comprendre dans 
les premieres cartes de Franquelin, voisines de la decouverte, il n'en est pas de 
meme pour celle-ci qui date des demieres de sa vie. Si, dans le coin gauche, 
au-dessous de I'l^^chelle, on aperroit la date de 1708, il faut que ces chiftres aient 
6t6 ajoutfe posterieurement. En effet, la pi^ce est d(f'diee k Ponchartrain, 
ministre et secretaire d'Etat; or celuici quitta en 1694 le poste qu'il occupait 
pour devenir chancelier. Enfin nous savons qu'en 1708 Franquelin, comme 
nous I'avons prouv6 plus haut, ^tait mort depuis onze ans. Peu apr&s cette 
carte de Franquelin, Guillaume DeHsle avait public en 1700 et 1703 des cartes 
de I'Amerique du Nord absolument superieures comme exactitude k celle qui 
nous occupe. Si Delisle eut de bona renseignements, il ne put se pendant en 
avoir de meilleurs que Franquelin, hydrographe du Canada. Sa carte de 
Louisiane de 1718 sera relativement tris bonne et il en sera de mSme pour sa 
carte de I'Amerique aeptentrionale de 1722. A quoi cela tient-il? sinon aux 
connaissances math^matiques et astronomiques plus ^tendues de Delisle. A 
cea quaUtes de premier ordre, nous le verrona ajouter I'erudition et un sens 
critique tr&s fin et tr^s siir qui lui fera rejeter pour la carte d'Afrique la plupart 
des informations tirees d'auteurs de I'antiquite, du moyen age ou modernes. 
Sa carte sera absolument nettoyee de tous renseignements de seconde main et 
il n'y Bubsistera plus que les r&ultats de voyages d 'explorations auxquels il 
attachera cr^ance. 

" Une autre faute de Franquelin, c'est d'avoir donn^ aux lacs int^rieurs trop 
d'etendue. Peut-etre est-ce I'amour du detail, le d^sir d'etre complet et 
d'utiliser tous lea renseignements qu'il poss^dait, qui I'aura fait s'6tendre sans 
qu'il y prit garde. Malgr6 les d^fauts que noua signalons, cette carte, comme 
les autres oeuvres de Franquelin, est habilement dessintfe et les omements en 
sont ing^nieux. On sent toujours que le geographe est double d'un artiste." 
For references to the life and maps of Franquelin, consult titles 189, 190, 203, 
219, 220, 2.35 and 267. 

1708 

Delisle, Guillaume, 1675-1726. 

L'Amerique Septentrionale. Dressee sur les Observations de 
M" de l'Acr.deraie Royalc des Sciences. & quelques autres, & 
sur les M^moires los plus r6cens Par G. de I'lsle Geographe. a 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 229 

Amsterdam ch^z Pierre Schenk, sur le vygendam, a I'Atlas de 
Sanson. Avec Privilege 1708. 58 x 44.5 cm. 

See Delisle's maps with same title: Amsterdam chez Pierre 
Mortier, ca. 1705; Amsterdam chez I. Covens & C. Mortier ca. 1730; 
Amsterdam, chez R. & J. Ottens, ca. 1760; and with Latin 
title Augustae Vindelicorum apud Tobiam Conr. Letter, ca. 1780. 
For Mercator's influence in the territory of Florida settled by the 
French in 1562-64 see his Virginiae item et Floridae . . . nova 
descriptio 1606. wl 268 

Note. — This map is taken from Reiner & Joshua Ottens, Atlas minor, pub- 
lished without date, but containing maps separately dated from 1703 to about 
1758. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title S42, for a description 
of this atlas. 

This impression contains the " Avertissement" in a cartouche under the scale. 
For descriptions of various editions of this map and notices of Delisle, consult 
titles 247, 264, 334, 335, 442 and 625. 

It is also found in the Atlas minor . . . ex officina Nicolai Visscher . . . 
A Amsterdam chez la veve de Nicolas Visscher . . . described in title 336. 

1710? 

DeUsle, Giiillauine, 1675-1726. 

(Enteto) Carte de la Louisiane et du Cours du Mississipi. Dress6e 

sur un grand nombre de Memoires entr' autres sur ceux de Mr le 

Maire Par. Guill"' de L'Isle de I'Academie R'." des Sciences. 

A Amsterdam, Chez Jean Covens et Corneille Mortier. 60 x 43.5 

exclusive of the above entete. 

Inset in lower r. h. cor: "Carte Particuliere des Embouchures de 

la Riviere S. Louis et de la Mobile." 14.5 x 11.5 cms. Brit. Mus. 

Cat. 73.210 (5) gives date 1710? Shows Florida and New Mexico. 

LC 269 
Note. — This impression of this map is taken from Delisle's Atlas nouveau, 
described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 580. It is without 
date, the original date, which is 1718, not being given. 

See also other editions of this map in titles 284, 288 and the english translation 
made by John Senex described in title 297. 
For notices of Delisle consult title 247. 

The date 1717 is found in the map in connection with BienWlle'a french estab- 
lishment. The routes are shown of St. Denis, Mocoso, Bienville, Tonti, de Soto, 
from 1539-1542, etc. A ms. reproduction of this map is found in the Kohl 
Collection, no. 238 with this note: 

"This is a copy of a map, which the celebrated French Geographer de I'lsle 
composed, and which was published in Amsterdam by C6vens et Mortier. The 
year of the publication is not indicated. But from the two circumstances 1. 
that the date 1717 is still mentioned on the map (near Natchitoches), and 2. 
that the Geographer of Queen Anne, II. Moll, copied this map already in the 
year 1720 in England, it becomes very probable, that de I'lslecomposed his work 
in the year 1718 or 1719. 

' ' The map has the following title : ' Carte de la Louisiane et du cours du Missis- 
ippi, dressee sur un grand nombre de mtooirs, entre autres sur ceux de Mr. 



230 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Delisle, Guillaume — Continued. 

Le Noire. Par Guill. de I'lsle de I'Acadtoie Royale des sciences.' (Map of 
Louisiana and of the course of the Missisippi, drawn after a great number of 
memoirs, amongst others, after those of Mr. Le Noire. By William de I'lsle, 
of the Royal Academy of sciences) 

"It is no doubt the most remarkable and most interesting map of the Missisippi, 
which we have of that time, and I believe that at the time being nobody could 
make a better map of those regions. The routes of the principal Spanish and 
French travellers through Florida, Louisiana and Texas are laid down upon it 
evidently with a great deal of care and after much study. Particularly the 
route of De Soto, I believe, never has been laid down in better harmony with 
the reports, which we have on it. The routes of St. Denis in 1715 and 1716 and 
of Cavelier 1687 may be considered aa authentic. 

" It is the first tolerable map which we have of the rivers and coasts of Texas. 
And all the French information of the Mississippi and the coast towards the 
East of its mouth is carefully collected upon it. It is the first map on which we 
find laid down the name Texas (los Teijas) 

" It is also the first general map on which the Red River (Riviere Rouge) appears 
in its true magnitude. The lower Ohio has still the name: 'Ouabache ou de 
S. Jerome, 'and only the upper part of the river is called 'Ohio ou la belle 
Rivifere' (the handsome river) J^or the first time xoe receive some information 
about the two branches of the Ohio the Cumberland River (called on the map: 
' Rivifere des anciennes Chouanons ') and of the Tenesee River (called on the 
map: 'RivOredes Casquinambatix') 

" Between those two rivers we see also mentioned the great barrens of Kentucky 
in the following manner: 'Desert de six vint lieues d'ftendue, oil les Ilinois 
font la chasse de boeuf ' (Desert of 26 leagues of extension in which the Ilinois 
hunt the buffaloe) 

" We may say, that this map is the mother and main source of all the later maps 
of the Missisippi and of the whole West of the United States." 

1710? 
Valck, Gerard, 1626-1720, and Schenk, Pieter, 164.5-1715. 

Virginise partis australis, et Floridse partis orientalis, inter- 
jacentiumq [ue] regionum nova descriptio. Amstelaedami Apud 
Gerardum Valk. et Petrum Schenk. 49.5 x 38 cms. 2 cartouches. 
Undated. 

This map is a repubhcation, unaltered, of the map with the same 
title and dimensions in Blaeu's "Atlas Major, sive cosmographia 
Blaviana," Amst. J. Blaeu, 1662. vol. 11, "America", pp. 41-42, 
which see. Also the map in "Le Theatre dv Monde" &c. of 
Guilielmus Blaeu 1644. The date is that given by Muller & co., 
Amsterdam. Based on Mercator's Virginias item et Floridse . . . 
nova descriptio 1606. Printed from same plates and with same 
title as Jansson 1642; Guilielmus Blaeu 1644; Joannis Blaeu 1662; 
Carolus Allard, 1696 (?) Reduced copy by Montanus, 1671. 

WL 270 
Note.— Thisand the following map are probably taken from the edition of 1710? 
of Pieter Schenk and Gerard Valck's Atlas contractus. It is not in the edition 
of 1709 described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 551. Consult 
Woltersdorf's/?c/)cr/onum der land- und seekarten 181S, p. 112, for a description 
of Schenk 's atlases. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 231 

For notices of the life of Schonk, consult A. G. van der Aa, Biographisch 

uoodenboek der Nederlanden, 1874, v. 17, pp. 2S7-28S; also J. K. Xagler's Neuei 

allgemeincs kunsller lexikon, 1845, v. 15, pp. 185-192. 

In 1717 the stock originally belonging to the firm of Visscher (founded in 1616) 

passed into the hands of Pieter Schenk. 

For references to other impressions of this map, consult title 126. 

1710? 

Valck, Gerard, 1626-1720, and Schenk, Pieter, 1645-1715. 

InsvliB AmericanEe in Oceano Septentrionali, cum Terris adiacen- 
tibus. Amstelsedami, Apud G. Valk ct P. Schenk. 51 x 37 cms. 
Colored outline. 2 col. cart. Undated. 

See Jansson, 1642; Guiljelmus Blaeu 1644; loannis Blaeu, 1667; 
Visscher 1680. Reduced copy by Montanus, 1671. wl 271 

Note. — This map is probably from the same atlas as described in title 270. 
For other impressions of this map consult title 12.5. 

Another map of interest as showing part of Florida by the same authors is 
entitled " Insularum Uispaniolx el Cubx Cum Insulis drcum jacentibus 
accurata delineatio," in the Atlas minor ... A Amsterdam, chez la veve de 
Nicolas Visscher . . . described in title 339. 

1710? 
Leth, Hendrik de. 

Carte de la Xouvelle France, oil se voit le cours des Grandes 
Rivieres de S. Laurens & de Mississipi Aujour d'hui S. Louis, 
Aux Environs des-quelles se trouvent les Etats, Pais, Nations, Peu- 
ples etc. de la Floride, de la Louisiane, de la Virginie, de la Marie- 
lande, de la Pensilvanie, du Nouveau Jersay, de la Nouvelle Yorck, 
de la Xouv. Angleterre, de I'Acadie, du Canada, des Esquimaux, 
des Hurons, des L"oquois, des Ilinois &c. Et de la Grande He de Terra 
Xeuve: Dressee sur les Memoires les plus Nouveaux recueillis pour 
I'Etablissement de la Compagnie Franpoise Occident. 55 x 49.5 
cms. including above title and 55 x 45.5 cms. exclusive of above 
title. 

With inset Map, Plan and Vignette as follows: "Les costes de la 
Louisiane depuis la Baye de Ascension jusques acelle (sic) de 
St Joseph". 30.2 x 14 and 9.5 cms. in upper r. h. cor. "Les 
Environs de Quebec," a plan in oval cartouche in lower r. h. 
corner. " Vetie de Quebec" in a vignette below it. Colors. Mul- 
ler & CO., Amsterdam, says: Published by de Leth about 1710. 
This map with identical titles, but on a smaller scale is given by 
Gueudeville. 'Atlas Historique. Amsterdam, 1705-1719. Vol. 
VI. (1719) p. 91. See 1719. For Mercator's influence on the 
Florida region of the 1562-64 French settlement see his Virginiae 
item et Floridae . . . nova descriptio 1606. wl 272 

XoTE. — The charter of La Compagnie fran^oise Occident was registered 6th 
September 1717. 



232 LIBRAEY OF CONGRESS 

Leth, Hendrik de — Continued. 

This map and the one in Gueudeville are reduced impressions of a map in the 
Library of Congress collection, measuring 38 x43 inches, with two titles. The one 
to theleft: "Lecoursdu Missisipi,oudeSt. Louis. Fameuse RiviiredeV Amerique 
Septentriormle aux environs de laquelle se trouve le Pciis appelle Loiisiane. Dressee 
sur les relations et Mcmoires da Pire Hannepin et de Mrs. de la Salle, Tonti, 
Laontan, loustel des Hayes, Joliet, et la Maire &c. Par N. de Per, gi'ographe de 
sa Majeste Catolique. Tons ces Memoires Relations et drcouverles se sont faites 
depuis 16S1 jusques en 1717, qui est lannee de V Etablissement de la Compagnie 
doccident et pour laquelle cette Carte a He Dressee. A Paris, Chez I'Auteur Isle 
du Palais a la Sphlre Royale, 1718." 

The one to the right: "La France Ocddentale dans I'Amirique Septentrional ou 
le coiirs de la ririhe de St. Laurens aux environs de la q-uelle se trouvent le Canada, 
VAcadie, et la Gaspasie les Esquimaux, les Hurons, les Iroquois, les Illinois d- la 
Virginie, la Marie-lande, la Pensilvanie, le Nouveau Jersay, la NouveUe Yore, 
la Nouvelle Angleterre et I'Isle de Terre-Neuve. Par N. de Fcr geographe de sa 
Majeste Catolique, 1718." 

Besides the description given in the above title, there are two designs, one 
"Armes de la Compagnie," the other "Armes de la province." 
Thomassy, in his Geologic pratique de la Louisiane . . . 1S60, pp. 211-212, gives 
the left title of this map with this criticism: 

"Cette carte est plus remarquable par les itineraires et souvenirs historiciues 
qu'elle relate, que par les notions geographiques dont elle dote la science. 
Dan la partie qui interesse la Louisiar>e, elle montre, au centre, les bouches 
du Mississipi avec la grande ile du bayou Lafourche; vers Test, elle s'etend 
jusqu' k la Florida, en indiquant les iles et les sondages du golfe du Mexique, 
et vers I'ouest jusqu'au Texas, oil I'etablissement franfais de la bale Saint- 
Louis et la fin tragique de M. De la Salle se trouvent indiqu6s. 
" Cette Carte de De Fer et la pr^c^dente de De I'Isle furent dressees k I'occasion 
de r6tablissement de la Compagnie fran^aise d 'Occident. Mais I'une et I'autre 
seront a verifier et &. corriger sur les documents originaux, quand il s'agira de 
publier la carte g^nerale de I'ancienne Louisiane pour I'^dition amdricaine de 
cet ouvrage." 

For a reference to de Fer's life consult title 205. 

The Gueude^^lle impression mentioned in the above title is fully described in 
title 293 of this work. This map is also found in v. 6, of the edition of 1732. A 
large impression of the de Fer map, without name of author, entitled " Carte de 
la Nouvelle France . . . Amsterdam., chez la veuve de Jo. van Kndcn & fils . . ."- 
is found in C. J. Voogt's Be nieveve groote lichtcnde zee-fakkel . . . Amsterdam, 
G. E. Van Kculen, J7ifS'; consult Phillips' ii's? of Geographical Atlases, titleinO. 
This impression does not contain as in the original map the two views of Quebec 
but instead an inset of the mouth of the Mississippi. 

1710 

Senex, John, d. 1740, and Maxwell, John. 

North America Corrected from the Observations communicated 
to the Royal Society at London, and the Royal Academy at Paris. 
By lohn Senex, and lohn Maxwell Geographers 1710 . . . lohn 
Senex sculp. 65 x 96.2 cms. 1 coat of arms. 2 cart. wl 273 

Note.— According to the life of Senex in the Dictionary of national biography, 
"He printed with C. Price, probably in 1710, ' Proposals for a new sett of Correct 
Mapps.' In that year he issued, with Price and John Maxwell, maps of North 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 233 

America and German)', and in 1712 one of 'Moscovy.' They appeared coL 
lectively in 1714 as ' The English atlas, ' under the joint names of Senex and 
Maxwell. 'A new general alias' followed in 1721." 

This same map with the same date 1710 without Maxwell's name, by John 
Senex, f. r. s., is found described in his Modern geography, title 550 of PhiUips- 
List of Geographical Athscs. Added to this map is the imprint: "Printed for 
T. Bowles in St. Pauls Church Yard, John Bowles and Son, in Comhil, & 
Robt Sayer in Fleet Street. ' ' According to this life Senex was made a fellow 
of the Royal society, July 4, 1728, and therefore the impression of the map 
with his name alone must have been a reprint. 

A reproduction of this map is found in David Mills, A report on the boundaries 
nf Ontario. S'; Toronto, 1873. 

1715? 

MoU, Herman, d. 1732. 

A map of the West-Indies or the Islands of America in the North 
Sea: with y^ adjacent Countries: explaining what belongs to 
Spain, England, France, Holland &c. also y" Trade winds, and j" 
several Tracts made bj^ y^ Galeons and Flota from place to place. 
According to y*" Newest and mdst Exact Observations By Her- 
man Moll Geographer. To Wil. Paterson Esq . . . Dedicated By 
Her. Moll Geographer. Printed for Tho. Bowles in S^ Pauls 
Church Yard and lohn Bowles at the Black Horse in Cornhill. 
101.5x58.8 cms. Undated. 

Inset in u. r. h. cor: "A Draught of St. Augustin and its Har- 
bour", 12 X 7 cms. "La Vera Cruz", 6 x 3.8 cms. "A Draught 
of y® Bay and Citty of Havana", 9.5 x 9.5 cms. "The Bay of 
Porto Bella", 9.5 x 9.5 cms. "A Draught of y" Citty of Car- 
agena its Harbour & Forts", IS x 9 cms. In 1. 1. h. cor: "The 
City of Mexico in New Spain." 35.2 x 9.6 cms. In American 
maps. Vol. 1. no. 13. P. Lee Phillips gives date and locality 
' ' London, 1715?" wl 274-275 

Note. — Title 275 of this work is combined with this title as it is only a dupli- 
cation. These large sheet maps of Moll were first published separately and after- 
wards brought together as a collection in an atlas entitled: The world described; 
or, a new and correct sett of maps. Some were published with dates and others 
without. The earliest 1709, the latest 1735? Consult Phillips' List of Geo- 
graphical Atlases, title 554. 

For information relating to Moll consult title 239. 

In the portion relating to Florida, reference is made to "Coll. Moore." James 
Moore, sr., was governor of South Carolina and made expeditions into Florida 
in 1702 and 1703. He died in Charleston in 1706. For his life consult the 
National q/clopiedia of american biography, r. 12, p. 154. 

nib? 

MoD, Herman, d. 1732. 

Map of the Brittish-Plantations on the Continent of America. 
1 cart, unsigned, undated. 29.5 x 34 cms. WL 277 

Note. — This map has no place, date or author although as above seen it is 
placed under Moll's name. It is probably, however, by him and belongs to 
The teorld described, from which the above map, title 274-5, was taken. 



234 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Moll, Herman — Continued. 

It has the letter A at the bottom and UUU at the bottom right hand comer. 
An impression without these letters is found in the Library of Congress copy of 
Thomas Salmon's Modern history, v. SO, at end. 
Title 276 of this work is eliminated as having no bearing on this work. 

1715 
Moll, Herman, d. 1732. 

A New and Exact Map of the Dominions of the King of Great 
Britain on y? Continent of North America. Containing New- 
foundland, New Scotland, New England, New York, New Jersey, 
Pensilvania, Maryland, Virginia and Carolina. According to the 
Newest and most Exact Observations. By Herman Moll Geogra- 
pher. (Date in dedicatory cartouche 171.5). 61 x 101.5 cms. 
Colors. 

Inset in lower 1. h. cor. a map of Florida 16.5 x 18 cms. without 

title, but with the legend "The Design of this Map is to show the 

south part of Carohna, and the East part of Florida, possess'd since 

September 1712 by the French and called Louisiana; together 

with some of the principal Indian Settlements and the Number of 

the Fighting Men According to the account of Cap^ T. Nearn and 

others." Lc 278 

Note. — These large sheet maps of Moll were first published separately and 

afterwards brought together as a collection in an atlas entitled The world 

described: or, a new and correct sett of maps. Some were published with dates 

and others without; the earliest 1709, the latest 1735 ?. Consult Phillips' List of 

Geographical Atlases, title 554- 

For information relating to Moll consult title 239. This map is dedicated in the 
cartouche in the center "To the Honourable Walter Dowglass Esqr Constituted 
Captain General and Chief Governor of all y* Leeward Islands in America by 
her late Majesty Queen Anne in y« Year 1711." 

Under this, the date of publication, 1715, is given, which may account for the 
statement in the Dictionary of national biography. 

In this life of Moll, an edition of 1711 is mentioned which is also given under 
that date in the British Museum catalogue. This is no doubt erroneous cata- 
loguing. The inset in this map of Louisiana shows from the following that 
this impression was made after 1730: ''Chereries 3000 men, one of ye kings &c 
of this Nation was in England in 1730. ' ' The original impression of 1715, a copy 
of which is in the British Museum, has not this "Chereries." 
The three impressions in the Library of Congress have the imprint . . . "Tho: 
Bowles . . . John Bowles . . . and by I, King ..." 

1715 
Moll, Herman, d. 1732. 

The Design of this Map is to shew the South Part of Carolina, 
and the East Part of Florida, possess'd since September 1712 by 
the French and called Louisiana ; together with some of the princi- 
pal Indian Settlements anil tho Number of the Fighting Men 
according to the account of Capt. T. Nearn and others. [London, 
1715]. 15.5 X 17.7 cms. 



THE LOWERV COLLECTIOK 235 

This is an inset in 1. 1. li. cor. of: "A New and Exact Map of the 
Dominions of the King of Great Britain on y? Continent of North 
America. Containing Newfoundland, New Scotland, New Eng- 
land, New York, New Jersey, Poimsilvania, Maryland, Virginia 
and Carolina. According to the Newest and most Exact Observa- 
tions by Herman Moll Goograi)her . . . most humbly dedicated 
&c. 1715." LC 279 

Note. — For information concerning tliis map, see title above, no. 278. 
In the Library of Congress collection is a map with various references to 
captain Tho. Nairn, which is not mentioned in this "List" and which is suffi- 
ciently important to be described here. It is: 

"A Compleat Desaiption of the Province of Carolina in 3 Parts. 1st The 
Improved Part from the Surveys of Maurice Mathews <fc M. John Love. Sly 
the West part by Capt. Tho. Nairn, .ily A Chart of the Coast from Virginia 
to Cape Florida. Published by Edw. Crisp. [Imprint from the dedication 
cartouche] Sold at the Carolina Coffee House in Birchtn Lane London. En- 
graved by lohn Harris in Bull-Head Court Newgate Street London. [7777?]" 
This is a fine colored copy. The only other known copy of this rare map is in 
the Public record office, London, but it is in bad condition and in places de- 
fective. In the present copy the size of the paper is 39 x 32J which gives a 
margin of } to J inch all round. The map itself consists of four sheets of various 
sizes printed apparently from four separate plates and then joined up. The 
title is in two lines in very large letters engraved on two narrow plates and 
printed on two slips of paper joined end to end and then parted at the top of 
the map. The sections are then joined up. The main map is comprised in 
sheets 2 & 3 with the coast line running diagonally, as it were, through the two. 
The title to sheets 2 & 3 is in an ornamental cartouche in the top left comer of 
no. 2. The design is a pedestal with curved sides tapering to the top, support- 
ing the great seal of the Lords Proprietors. The dedication is on the face of 
the pedestal, " To His Excellency William, Lord Craven Palatine, The Most 
Noble Henry Dulce of Beaufort . . . and the rest of the True and Absolute 
L^ & Proprietors of the Province of Carolina This Mapp is humbly dedicated 
by Edw. Crisp." Then follows the scale, beneath which is a note in two lines 
as to the productions of the country, followed by the imprint as given above. 
Sheet 2 occupies a space 22 x 19^ and in the lower right comer is an inset of 
irregular shape, lOJ x 11, "A plan of the Town <t Harbour of Charles Town" 
with lettered and numbered references A-W and 1-1.5. Sheet 3 measures 
IGi X 20| and has in the top left comer an inset, 7J x 5|, " The Town and Har- 
bour of St. Augustine." Sheets 1 and 4 are apparently intended as insets to 
the main map. No. 1 measures IfiJ xB| and the title is in the top left comer, 
"A Map of South Carolina shewing the Settlements of the English, French & 
Indian Nations from Charles Town to the River Mississipi by Capt Tho. Nairn." 
Sheet no. 4 measures 22 x lOi and the title is in the top right hand comer, "A 
new Chart of the Coast of Carolhia and Florida from Cape Henry to the Havana 
. . . described by Capt Tho. Nairn and others." The date 1711 has been given 
to this map for two reasons. Firstly, because William, Lord Craven to whom it 
is dedicated was chosen Lord Palatine on jan. 16, 1707-8 and died oct. 9, 1711. 
Secondly, because in the original ms. minute book of the Proprietors of Carolina, 
vol. 7 N. C, preserved in the Public record office, London, appears the fol- 
lowing entry : "June 1711 ordered that mr E. Crisp be paid 10 guineas for hia 
map of Carolina and the draught of Port Royal. Order'd that six hundred 
acres of land be directed to be admeasured and set out for the said Crisp in South 
Carolina, signed by the Lord Carteret for himself and the Palatine", &c &c. 



236 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Moll, Herman— Continued. 

There is a eubsequent entry under July 18, 1715 when in a Petition, with 23 
other eisjnatories, to the Comrs of Trade and Plantations concerning the Insur- 
rection of the Indians and the deplorable condition of the Colony, Crisp de- 
scribes himself as "a Merchant trading to Carolina." 
A review of this map is found in the London daily journal, October 14, 1730: 
"Mr. Nairn's Map of Carolina is a very defective one; and indeed the whole of 
that Gentleman's Map (tho' a Commissioner for the Indian Trade) is full of 
Errors: The Coast is wrong laid down, the Rivera drawn at random, and par- 
ticularly the Watteree River is there made to run into the Sea, whereas it runs 
into the Santee River above 100 Miles up the Country; in short, there is not 
any one Map, or any one Account that has been hitherto published of that 
Coimtry, that can be depended upon, the Descriptions being taken by Hear- 
say, or by very ignorant Persons, who have hitherto made Journals of that 
Country. 

"Near the Santee River, the General Atlas makes Soto, in the year 1540, travel 
over the Mountains as high as the Appalachean Mountains, whereas at that 
particular Spot of Ground, it is Pine Flat Land, the lowest in the Province." 
Captain Thomas Nairn died in 1715. He was the author of a pamphlet entitled 
A Letter from South Carolina. S". ionrfon, 7770, and later editions. A copy 
of this work is in the Library of Congress. 

1717 

"Mapa geografico que presento con su informe al Virrey de la Nueva 
Espafia, Don Juan de Olivan Rcbollcdo oydor de la Eeal Audiencia 
de Mexico en 18 de Diciembre de 1717 y a consecuencia del reconoci- 
miento que hizo de estas Provincias de Orden de S. E." Ms. 
Anonymous. 42 x 31 cms. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 61; Caj. 6; 

Leg. 35. Includes the coast from Vera Cruz to "Movila" and 

"Panzacola" and the Provinces of New Gahcia, New Mexico, 

Texas, &c. Forms part of an "expediente" or "testimonio" of 

said Oydor. No. 110 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." 

Tomo 1. 280 

Note. — Transcripts of Varios extractos de la Carta de Don Jvan de Olivan Reholledo 

al Vireyde la NuevaEspana Marques d: Valero are contained in the ms. volume in 

the Library of Congress, entitled: Docunicntos y relacioncs para la historia de la 

Florida y la Luisiana 1493-1780 fiehncnte copiadas de sus originales, pp. 195-270. 

This contains notarial dates later than 1718. There is an extract from Informe 

del Sor. Olinav Reholledo, dated, april 15, 1718, and Extracto del testimonio, may 

2, 1717, and other matters, the whole forming an Expediente. 

1717 

Fer, Nicolas de, 1646-1720. 

Le Golfe de Mexiquc, Et les Provinces et Isles qui I'Environe 
(sic) comme sont La Floride Au Nord, Le Mexique ou Nouvelle 
Espagne a I'Est La Terre-Ferme Au Sud, Les I". Antilles, Lucayes, 
S'. Domingue et Jamaique h I'Est. Dresses sur les Nouvelles 
Relations et les demieres Observations Par N. de Per Geographe 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 237 

'de sa Majestfi Catolique. 1717. P. Starckmau sculpsit. Paris, 
chez. r auteur, 1717. 60 x 46 cms. including above ent§te. 

WL 281 
Note. — For information relating to the lite and works of de Fer. consult title 205. 
This map is mentioned among the Carles d'une feuille in the Liste table ou 
catalogue des outrages de geographic ct de topographic que le s^ de Fcr . . . Vannee 
1670, jusqu' h 1722. A Paris, chez I. F. Benard gendre de N. de Fer . . . 1722. 
This list is pasted on the reverse of his map, in the Library of Congress collec- 
tion, entitled Poriie io pJiis TnirirfioTiaZe (fc i'^jnertQwe . . . 1720. 

1717 

MoU, Herman, d. 1732. 

A map of Mexico or Xew Spain, Florida now called Louisiana 
and part of California &c. By H. Moll Geographer. 17.7 x 25..3 
cms. Undated. 

In Atlas Geographus: or, a Compleat System of Geography 
... for America. In the Savoy, E. Nutt, for J. Nicholson, 1717. 
vol. V. p. 796. WL 282 

XoTE. — The earliest map of this title dated 1701, although differing somewhat, 

is found in Moll's work entitled A system of geography; consult Phillips' List oj 

Geographical Atlases, title 536. 

See the same work, title 557, for a description of the Atlas geographicus. Various 

other editions of this map are found described in this work. For references to 

Moll see title 239. 

1718 

Carte nouvelle et tres exacte d'une partie de la Louissianne {sic) 
et de risle de Cube en 1718. Ms. 94 x 93 cms. Carte Marine. 
Unsigned. Anonymous. 

Original in Bibl. du Dep. de la Marine. Paris. C. 4040 (6) 
Extends from Apalache Bay to the mouths of the Mississippi, 
showing part of the Florida west coast. Fort Crevecoeur is shown 
abandoned by the French in 1718 and taken possession of by the 
Spaniards. No. 284 (5) in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte 
de I'Amerique. Catalogue des Documents Geograpluques exposes 
^ ... la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. lc 283 

1718? 

Delisle, Guillaume, 167.5-1726. 

Carte de la Louisiane et du Corn's du Mississipi Dressee sur im 
grand nombre de Memoires entrau*^"^ {sic) sur ceux de M"' le Maire 
Par Guill^™". De I'lsle de I'Academie R'*. des Sciences. 41 x 35.5 
cms. inch entete. Undated. Brit. Mus. Cat. 73.210.4. Paris, 1700? 

P. Lee Philiips in A List of Maps of America, p. 438, gives date 
1718? Shows X. & West Florida & New Mexico as far west as 
Rio Grande. Florida peninsula as far south as Tampa. lc 284 

Note.— The original of this map is described in title 287 dated 1718 which 

accounts for the above date . The impression here mentioned is reduced from that 



238 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Delisle, Guillaume — Continued. 

map and is taken from the Amsterdam edition of 1737 of Garcillasso de la Vega's 
Eisloire des Yncas. v- 2. In this work is also found a map entitled Le cows 
du fleuve Missidpi, selon les relations ks plus modernes. A Amsterdam., chez 
J. F. Bernard. 

An impression is also found in Jean Frederic Bernard 's Recmil des voyages mi 
nord . . . A Amsterdam, 1734- v. 5. 

The water mark on this map consists of the letters LYN. The modem repro- 
duction which differs in having illustrations of animals and a ship is in French's 
Historical collections of Louisiana, pt. 2. 
For other impressions of this map see titles 269 and 288. 
For references to the life and work of Delisle, consult title 247. 

1718 
Beranger, Jean. 

Plan de la Baye de St. Joseph tire par Jean Beranger le 1". May 
1718. Ms. 20 X 31.5 cms. 

Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Hyd. Paris. 138-8-2. 
Interesting as giving the site of the French fort "Le fort de creue 
coeur." This fort was abandoned by the French in 1718 and 
occupied by the Spaniards. See "Carte Nouvelle . . . d'une 
partie de la Louissianne" &c. 1718. Title 283. LC 285 

Note. — A photographic reproduction of this map is in the collection of the 

Library of Congress. 

1718 
Fer, Nicolas de, 1646-1720. 

Partie meridionale de la Riviere de Missisipi, et ses environs, 

dans TAmerique Septentrionale. Mis au jour par N. de Fer, 

Geographe de sa Majeste Catolique 1718. A Paris chez J. F. 

Benard sur le Quay de I'Orloge a la Sphere Royale avec Priv*. du 

Roy 1718. 63.5 x 46.3 cms. 

Influence of Mercator's Virginiae item et Floridae . . . Nova 

descriptio, 1606, shown in north course of the R. de May. WL 286 
Note.— This map is mentioned among the Cartes d'une feuille in a Idstc table 
mi catalogue des ouvrages de geographic et de topographic que le s^ de Fer . . . 
I'annee 1670, jusqu'a 172t. Paris, I. F.Benard[!] . . . 1722. This is pasted 
on the reverse of his map in the Library of Congress, entitled Partie la plus 
meridionale de I 'Amcrique . . . 1720. 

This map is ornamented with figures of birds, animals, ships, Indian canoes, 
Indian villages, etc. It contains: ' ' Route que firent les espagnols pour venir ^ 
la Baye.— Route de la m' de la Salle.— Route de m' Cavelier de la baye St. Louis 
jusques aux Acansa. — Chemin qui mene aux Chicachas. — Chemin que tienent 
les anglois de la Caroline pour venir aux Chicachas." 
For the life and works of de Fer consult title 205. 

1718 
Caiz, Juan las. 

Carte du Golfe de Mexique et des Isles de Barlovento oil sont 
exactement marques les Ports, Bayes, Mouillagcs, Bancs, Ecueils, ct 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 239 

Corrigee de plusieurs fautes considerables par Juan las Caiz k la 
Vera eruz le jour de la conception en I'an 1718. Ms. 92.5 x 60.7 
cms. 

Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Hyd. 140-1-13. Shows 
the Florida Peninsula. Coast names only. Curious. lc 287 

1718 

Delisle, GuiUaume, 167.5-1726. 

Carte de la Louisiane et Cours du Mississipi Dressee sur un 

grand nombre de Memoires entrau"'!^ sur ceux de Mr le Maire Par 

Guiljaume Del'isle de 1' Academic R"= des Scien-^f^ (Below in map 

is) A Paris Chez I'Auteur le Sr Delisle sur le Quay de I'Horloge 

avecPrivdegedu Roy Juin 1718. 64.3x48.5 cms. Colored outUne. 

Inset in 1. r. h. cor. "Carte particuliere des Embouchures de 

la Rivie. S Louis et de la Mobile." 16 x 13.5 cms. See Carto- 

graphie de la Louisiane par R. Thomassy. Nouvelle Orleans. 

1856. p. 211. There appears to be an undated map of this with 

same title, dated 1710 ? by Brit. Mus. wl 288 

Note. — This is, the earliest map by Delisle showing de Soto's route. The 

date 1717 can be seen in the map after Natchitoches. 

Thomassy, p. 211, of his Gcohgie pratique de la Louisiane, says in describing 
this map: 

"Cette carte interesse particulierement sous le rapport historique, a cause dea 
nombreux itin^raires dont on y trouve le trace: entre autres ceux de Femand 
de Soto (1539-42) et de Saint-Denis (1713-16)" 
In connection with this map consult the following: 

A. L. Boimare. Xotes bibliographiques et raisonnees sur les principaux ouvrages 
publies sur la Floride et Vancienne Louisiane, depuis leur deaniverte jtusqu'h 
Vepoque aetuellc. Accompagnees de trois cartes, de Guillaume Delisle, publiees 
en 170.3 et 1112. [Paris, 1855] 

This work of Boimare is in the Library of Congress but lacks the maps. 
Lettre de mr. Delisle a mr. Cassini sur I'embouckure de la riviere Mississipi. 
[In Bernard, Jean Frederic. Recueil de voyages au Nord. 16°. Amsterdam, 1732. 
V. 4, pp. 55-5-568] 

This letter is also given in Journal des sgavans pour Vanrue 1 700. 16°. Amster- 
dam, 1701. pp. 362-37.3. An english translation appears in History of the works 
ofthelearned. Hay, 1700. London, 1700. v. 2, pp. 276-280. 
The map of 1718 is the original of all of the various impressions of DeUsle's 
Louisiana described in titles 269, 284, and the english translation by Senex, 
title 297. 

In coimection with this map besides the other articles referred to in these 
titles, consult Curious corresporulence of De L'Isle, the geographer, as to the limits 
of Louisiana, etc. [1715-1716] 

[In Historical {The) magazine. Aug. 1859. sm.4' New York, C.B.Richard- 
son, 18.59. V. 3, pp. 231-23.8] 

Consult also Carte de la Louisiane et du cows du Mississipi in Gabriel Gravier's 
Dicouiertes et etablissements de Cavelier de la Salle . . . Paris, 1870. 
For references to the life and works of Delisle consult title 247. 



240 LIBKAEY OF CONGRESS 

1719 

Plan de Pensacole et des deux Forts Espagnols pris par I'Escadre 
de Mr do Chamolin, le 9 de Septcmbre 1719. Ce plan leve par le 
S. D. . . apres la prise du Fort par ordre de m? de Chamelin 
qui le fit raser avec une partie des maisons. Ms. Anonymous. 
35 X 22.7 cms. 

Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Hyd. Paris. 138-9-6. 
Important. lc 289 

Note.— A photographic reproduction of this map is in the collection of the 
Library of Congress. The name of Chamelin in the title is evidently an error 
for that of Champmeslin. 

For an account of this expedition consult: "Relation de Penicaut. xxi. Arrivee 
de m. de Serigny et de trois vaisseaux. Declaration de guerre contre ks espagnols 
et prise du fort de Pensacola. Trahison des espagnols, ils vont assiiger Pensacola 
et le reprennent. Les espagnols vknnent pour /aire une descente a I'isle Dauphine 
et sont repoussez. Arrivee de I'escadre de m. de Champmeslin et reprise dufort de 
Pensacola par les/rangois et sa demolition. Abandon de I'isle Dauphine. (1719) " 
in Pierre Margry's Decouvertes et etablissements des /rangais dans I'ouest et dans 
le sud del' Ameriqueseptentrionale (1614-1754) . . ■ Cinquiinie partie. Premih-e 
formation d'une chaine de pastes entre le fleuve Saint-Laurent et le golfe du 
Mexique (1683-1724) . . . Paris, 1887. pp. 565-572. 

Consult also Bernard de La Harpe's Journal historique de I'itablissement des 
franfais & la Louisiane. Nouvelle-Orleans, A. L. Boimare; Paris, H. Bossange, 
1831. 

Also an english translation of this in B. F. French's Historical collections of 
Louisiana, 1851, pt. 3. 

Consult the plan of Pensacola in the inset to the map described in the La Harpe 
manuscript, title 290. 
For references to the life of Serigny consult title 290. 

1719 

Carte de I'entree du Port et Rade de Pensacola . . . faite par 
ordre de M? de. Serigny. Ms. 35.5 x 18.5 cms. Colors. Un- 
signed, undated. Anonymous. 

Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Hyd. Paris. 138-9-7. 
On back "Joint k la lettre de M. de Serigny 26. 8. 1719." lc 290 
Note. — This map and the one described above, title 289, are reproduced with 
the following title in La Harpe's manuscript in the Library of Congress : 
"Carte de I'Entree du Port et Rade de Pensacola ou les pieds d'eau sont marques, et 
la route que Von doit f aire pour bien chenaller qui est de se metlre entre le sud et le sud 
Vj S du fort, et gouuerner droit entre le Nord, et le Nord 'U N E sur le ditfort 
obseruant toujours de ranger le redf qui est a Babord en entrant aporlee de fusil oH 
Van y voit les Brisans pour peu qu'il vente, ce Rccif est fort sein, jl ny a qu'h se 
mefier des courants qui sont grands, Von ne trouue pas mains de 21 h 22 pieds d'eau 
de mer basse dans la passe. 

' ' La maree monte et baisse de 3 pieds tautes les 24 heures. 

"Plan du grand fort de Pensacole pris sur les espagnols le 14 may 1719 par M's de 
Skigny et de Bienville a lateste de quelques Canadiens et de 400 saug» les espagnols 



THE LOWERY COLLECTIOX 241 

Vayant repris le 5 aoust suiuanl, jl Jut repris le 17, 1^« de la mesme annee par 
I'escadre du Roy commandee par M. de Champmaislin qui le detruisit entih-ement." 
15J X 21 inches. 

[In La Ilarpe, Bernard de. Journal Mstorique concernant V etablissement des 
Fran(;ois h la Louisianne tire des Memoires de M'':' d'Ibervilk d- de Bienville, 
Commandants pour le roi audit pays <t sur Us descouvertes & recherchea de m. 
Bernard de La Harpe . . . dedie et presents au roi. Par . . . le chevalier de 
Beaurain . . . fol. ct Paris, 1766] 

On this map, only a few points on Pensacola bay are designated by name. 
These are "Le grand fort detruit," and east of that "P'l' a la descente," and con- 
tinuing to the northeast, "La riffii"; " Baye auschuitres" ; and "La Pierriere"; 
opposite "Ptf a la descente" are " Pte aux Cheureiiils", and "Carenage" . A 
considerable length of the "Isle S'f Rose", is given. To the southwest of "Le 
grand fort detruit", the " Ricif" appears with a number of soundings given, 
and farther along is " Le grand lagon" . 

The map of the fort gives no names to the various parts indicated. Like all 
the other manuscript maps in this manuscript copy of de La Harpe's Journal 
historique, this map is well drawn and colored. It is used to illustrate de La 
Harpe's account in the Journal of the taking of the fort at Pensacola by the 
french may 14'.'', 1719, and the retaking of it by the Spaniards on the e'."" of 
august, also the second siirrender of it to the french on September l?'."" In 
the title of the map of the fort, the retaking of it by the Spaniards is noted as 
august 5'?, while in the text it is given as august 6'.'' This map is found in 
a manuscript copy of the Journal historique . . . de Bernard de la Harpe, 
made by Jean de Beaurain and, according to the title-page, presented to the 
king. There are other copies of this manuscript but no other copy contains the 
maps, which are therefore of unusual interest. There is little doubt that the 
maps were also made by Beaurain, who was geographer to the king. 
A notice of Jean Beaurain, 1696-1771, is found in Nouvelle biographie generale. 
Didot. 1855, v. 12, p. 41- 

A Ust of Beaurain's " Cartes particuliires " is contained in Nicolas Lenglet Dufres- 
noy's Methode pour Hudier la geographic. 3e ed. Paris 1142, v. 1, pt. 2, pp. 
247-250. The following notice of Serigny is from Frederic de Kastner's Eeroi 
de la Nouvelle- France . . . Quebec, 1902, 3d ser., p. SO: 

"Joseph Lemoyne, sieur de Serigny, n6 en 1668, etait le sixifeme fila de Charles 
LemojTie et fut un marin distinque. La decouverte de la conspiration de 
Cellamare ayant amene une guerre entre I'Espagne et la France, Serigny prit 
une part brUlante aux operations de la Floride et de la Louisiane. Pendant 
que son jeune frere, Chateauguay, a la tete de 700 Canadiens et sauvages, 
attaquait Pensacola du c6t6 de la terre, Serigny I'attaqua par mer le 15 mai 
1719, et le fort fut emporte. Les Espagnols ayant debauche une partie de la 
gamison le reprirent en juiUet. lis essayerent aussi de reprendre I'ile Dauphine, 
mais en furent repousses apres une briUante resistance de Serigny qui hit fait 
capitaine de vaisseau. II mourut en 1734, gouvemeur de Rochefort et il y 
aurait encore de ses descendants en France. Un Lemoyne se distingua au 
combat de Sidi-Ferruch qm preceda la prise d'Alger en 1830." 
Consult also the life of Le Moyne d'lberviUe in Nouvelle biographie generale. 
Didot. Paris, 1862. v. 30, pp. 634-641. 

This plan was probably made by m. St. Denis who was connected with this 
expedition. See also title 289 for references to Serigny. Consult also a map 
of Pensacola bay, may 22 to October 17, 1719, made by order of m. Serigny and 
others, in A. B. Hulbert's Crown collection, v. 5, no. 40. 
85241°— 12 16 



242 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1719 
Chatelain, Henri Abraham, 16S4-1743. 

Carte tres curieuse de la Mer du Sud, contenant des remarques 
nouvcllcs et tres utiles non seulement sur les ports et isles de cette 
mer. Mais aussy sur les principaux Pays de rAmerique tant Sep- 
tentrionale que Meridionale, Avec les Noms & la Route des Voya- 
geurs par qui la decouverte en a ete fait. Le tout pour Tintelli- 
gence Des Dissertations suivantes. Tom: vi. N°. 30 Pag: 117. 
140 X 37.8 cms. (exclusive of title) wl 291 

Note. — This map, one sheet of the two sheet map relating to the northern por- 
tion, is found in Chatelain's Atlas historique, 1705-1720, v. 6, dated 1719, and 
also in the later edition of 1732-1739, v. 6, dated 1732. 

Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases for a description of this atlas, titles 
548 and 579. 

The map was copied from Nicolas de Fer's fifteen sheet map, published in 1713, 
entitled "Carte de la mer du Svd & de la mer du Nord ov, se trovent les Cartes 
d'Amerique, d' Asie, d' Europe & d'Afrique, situees sur ces mers. This map of 
de Fer is reviewed in Memoires de Trevovx. Mai, 1713, pp. 926-927. 
The following translation of this review is foimd in Memoirs of literature . . . 
2d erf. London, R. Knaplock, 1722. v. 7, p. 26: 

"Mr. de Fer, well known by his Atlas, and by a great Number of particular Geo- 
graphical Maps, published by him for many Years past, has lately put out a 
Map of the South-Sea, which may be said to be more Curious and Valuable than 
any other. That Map contains all the Coasts of America, both in the South-Sea 
and the North-Sea, attended with many Ornaments. One may see in the upper 
Part of it the Cuts of Christopher Columho, Americo Vesputio, Magellan, and 
other Famous Travellers, who first discovered that Noble Part of the World. At 
the Bottom of that Map, the Author not contented to insert an Extract of the 
Voyages of le Maire, Oliver du Nord, and James VEermite, describes also the 
South-Sea, the Traverse of that Sea, especially from Acapulco to Manilla, and 
the Streights of Magellan, and le Maire. The whole is adorned with Plans of 
Towns, and Forts, Plants, Animals, and many other Particulars, This Map 
consists of Fifteen Sheets, but it may be reduced into a small Volume in 4fo." 
For references to Chatelain, consult title 259. 

In an atlas by R. & J. Ottens, entitled, Atlas sive geographia compendiosa . . . 
[1756?] described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, no. 117, title 617, is a 
map without date entitled: "Carte nouvelle de la mer du Sud . . . Donne 
au public, par And: & Henry de Leth h Amsterdam, " probably made about 
1720, which is copied more or less from this map by de Fer. 

1719 
Chatelain, Henri Abraham, 1684-1743. 

Carte contenant le Royaume du Mexique et la Floride, Dressez 
sur les meilleures observations & sur les M6moircs les plus Nou- 
veaux. 52 x 38 cms. and including above title 52 x 40.5 cms. 
Unsigned, undated. 

In his "Atlas Historique." Tom. vi. 1719. No. 27. p. 101. 
Shows all except California and California coast. For Mercator's 
influence on French Florida settlements of 15G2-64 see his Vir- 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 243 

giniae item et Floridac . . . nova descriptio 1606. (i. e. the River 

of ^Iay)&Jansson'sVirgimae Partes australisetFloridae . . . Nova 

descriptio 1642. Is this Gueudeville map found also in vol. vi of 

the Amsterdam 1732-1739 ed. ? . wl 292 

Note. — This map is copied from Delisle's map entitled "Carte du Mexique 

et de la Floride . . . 1703." See title 256 for a description of the original map 

of 1703. 

1719 

Chatelain, Henri Abraham, 1684-1743. 

Carte de la Xouvelle France, oh se voit le cours des Grandes 
Rivieres de S. Laurens & de Mississipi, Aujour'd'hui S. Louis, 
Aux Environs des-quelles se trouvent les Etats, Pais, Nations, 
Peuples &c. de la Floride, de la Louisiane, de la Virginie, de la 
Marie-lande, de la Pensilvanie, du Nouveau Jersay, de la Nouvelle 
Yorck, de la Nouv. Angleterre, de I'Acadie, du Canada, des Esqui- 
maux, des Hurons, des Iroquois, des Ilinois &c. Et de la Grande 
He de Terre Neuve: Dressee sur les Memoires les plus Nouveaux . 
recueillis pour I'Etablissement de la Compagnie Fran^oise Occi- 
dent. 48.7 X 42 cms. including above title, and 48.7 x 39.5 cms. 
exclusive of title. Unsigned, undated. 

In his "Atlas Historique." Amsterdam, 1705-1719. Tome 
VI. (1719) No. 23, p. 91. The map has the following insets: 
"Les costes de la Louisiane depuis la Baye de Ascension, jusques 
acelle (sic) de St. Joseph," &c. 27.5 x 11.7 x 8 cms. in u. 1. h. cor. 
"Les Environs de Quebec," a plan in ornamental square car- 
touche in lower r. h. cor. "Veiie (sic) de Quebec" in vignette 
below it. See the same map published by De Leth (?) about 
1710? (MuUer's date & author) Reproduced in edit. 1732-1739 
same vol. & page. lc 293 

Note. — This map is copied after the map described in title 272, which is a 
reduced impression of the Nicolas de Fer map of 1718 described in title 272. A 
copy of the atlaa is described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, titles 
54S and 579. 

1719 

Sanson, Pierre Moulart-, d. 1730. 

Port de Sancta Maria de Galle ou de Pensacoula qui est par la 
Latitude de 30<^ 10-° et par la Longitude de 285-^ 24». 41 x 15.7 
cms. (Printed on same plate with Partie de la Coste de la Floride 
&c., by the same hand. Unsigned, undated. 

An interesting map with soundings and legends, giving sailing 
directions. The map shows position of fort and the Spanish 
settlements. wl 294 

Note. — See title 295 for completed title of this map. 

A photographic reproduction is in the collection of the Library of Congress. 



244 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1719 

Sanson, Pierre Moulart-, d. 1730. 

Partie de la Coste de la Floride ou se trouve L'embouchure de 
la Riviere de Missisipi dans le Golfe du Mexique. Ces remarques 
ont ete faites en 1699 par le Pilot e Catho dans le vaisseau le Marin 
commande par M": d'Hiberville capitaine de vaisseau du Roi et se 
trouvent A Paris chez le S"! Moullart-Sanson Geographe ordinaire 
du Roi. Rue Foinianto vis a vis le Vieux Louvre 1719. 41x10.5 
cms. (Printed on same plate as Port de Sancta Maria de Galve) 

LC 295 

Note. — A photographic reproduction of this map is in the collection of the 

Library of Congress. 

The map is not mentioned in the Catalogue des livres & traites de geographie de 

messieurs Sanson . . . de Nicolas Sanson plre, de Nicolas, de Guillaume, & 

Adrien Sanson ses fils, & de Pierre Moullart Sanson son petit-fils. Qui se ven- 

dent h'Paris chez le sieur Robert, geographe ordinaire du roi, sur le Quay de I'Eor- 

loge, given in Nicolas Lenglet Dufresnoy's Methode pour etudier la geographie . . . 

Paris, 1742. v. 1, pt. 2, pp. 110-139. 

This map is in Paris, Bibl. nat., Cartes P. F. 9.39. 

1719 
Senex, John, d. 1740. 

A New Map of the English Empire in America viz Virginia, Mary 
Land, Carolina, Pennsylvania, New York, New larsey. New Eng- 
land, Newfoundland, New France &c. Revis'd by Io° Senex. 1719. 
I. Harris sculp: 58.2 x 50 cms. 1 cart. 

In A New General atlas containing a Geographical & Historical 

Account of All the Empires, Eangdoms, and other Dominions of 

the world . . . London, 1719. Inset in 1. r. h. cor: A Generall 

Map of the Coasts & Isles of Europe, Africa and America. 30 x 22 

cms. Above it: The Harbour of Boston or Mattathusetts Bay. 

7.3 X 8 cms. wl 296 

Note.— .This map showing french origin is an exact copy of the map with the 

same title by Robert Morden and sold by Robert Morden and Christopher 

Brown, which is advertised in the Term catalogue no. 22, published June, 1701. 

It differs from the majj of an earlier date, the complete title of which is: 

"A map of ye English Empires in ye Continent of Arnica viz Virginia Maryland 

Carolina New York New larsey New England Pennsilvania. Sold by R. Morden 

at ye Atlas in Cornhill v^er ye Royal Exchange London. W. Binneman sculpsit." 

[1690]f The Morden-Brown impression is also found in Christopher Brown's 

edition of Wit's Atlas maior [1706?] described in Phillips' List of Geographical 

Atlases, title 549. 

The french map which is evidently the base from which this map is made is 
the one entitled "Carte Nouvelle de VAmcrique Angloise . . . Par le sieur 
S[anson]" found in Le Neptune /ran^ois, Amsterdam, P. Mortier, 1693-1700, 
described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 517. This map also 
contains the inset of Boston harbor. For a life of Senex consult Dictionary 
of national biography. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 245 

1719 
Senex, John, d. 1740. 

A Map of Louisiana and of the River Mississipi by lohn Senex. 
In cartouche : This map of the Mississipi Is Most humbly Inscribed 
to William Law of Lawreston Esq. 58.5 x 49 cms. 1 cart. 
Undated. 

In A New General Atlas, containing a Geographical & Historical 

Account of All the Empires, Kingdoms, and other Dominions of 

the World . . . London, 1719. WL 297 

Note. — Translated verbatim from Delisle's ''Carte de la Louisiane el (outs du 

Mismsipi . . . 17 IS." 

For a description of this map see title 288; for other impressions, titles 269 
and 284. 
For life of Senex consult Dictionary of national biography. 

1720? 
Aa, Pieter van der, d. 1730. 

Nova Hispania, Nova Galicia, Gvatimala. 35.3 x 28.5 cms. 
1 cart. Unsigned, undated. 

Date and author from Brit. Mus. Cat. Shows the Southwestern 
end of Florida Peninsula, Gulf of Mexico and on the Pacific as far 
North as Cinaloa. New Mexico and California not shown. Unim- 
portant. LC 298 
Note. — This map is from Arnoldus Montanus, De nieuwe en onbehende weereld 
of beschryving van America . . . Amsterdam, 1671. The same map is in John 
Ogilby's America, of the same date. 

It is found in British Museum catalogue under Mexico, as being by van der Aa, 
as doubtful. There is, however, in his Galerie agreable du monde [1729] v. 1, 
a map of America, with the french title: "Nouvelle Espagne, nouvelle Galice, 
et Guatimala dans VAmerique Septentrionale Suivant les Memoires de ceux qui en 
on fait la decourerte, recemment mis au jour par Pierre vander Aa ..." 
For notices of the life of van der Aa, consult title 230. 

1720? 

Keulen, Gerard van, 1654-1726. 

Pas kaart Van de Boght van Florida Met de Canaal Tusschen 
Florida en Cuba Door Gerard van Keulen t Amsterdam By Gerard 
van Keulen Boek en Zee Kaart Verkoper aande Niewe brugh Inde 
. Gekroonde Lootsman Met Privilegie voor 15 laaren. 59 x 51.7 
cms. Undated. 

Brit. Mus. Cat. dates his maps 1720 ? wl 299 

Note. — This map is taken from C'laes Jansz Voogt's, (died 1696) De nieuwe 
grootelichlendezee-fakkel . . . 1782, map 15, bet. pp. 24^25; consult Phillips' itst 
of Geographical Atlases, title 1170. An early edition of this map is found in pt. 4, 
1698, map 15, bet. pp. 36-37, of his atlas La nueva, y grande relumbrante antorcha 
delamxtr. Amsterdam [1700 f] Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 



246 LIBRAKY OF CONGRESS 

Keulen, Gerard van — Continued. 

For an extensive list of the maps published by van Keulen consult ratalogue 
of Frederik Muller & cie, entitled Geographie, voyages, carlographie ... Am- 
sterdam, 1911, pp. 12-23. 

For a notice of Gerard van Keulen consult title 23G. 
Consult list of Voogt's works in: 

Haan, David Bierens de. Bibliograpkie neerlandaise ... S". Rome, 1883. 
Tiele, Pieter Anton. Nederlandsche bibliograpkie. 8°. Amsterdam, 1884, 
p. 2.5.5-257. 

1720 

Carte de la cote de la Louisiane depuis I'Embouchure du Missis- 
sipi jusqu' k la Baie de St. Joseph ou Ton marque toutes les Isles, 
Ports et bon Mouillages qui s'y trouvent, suivant les Observations 
faites par M. de Serigny en 1719 et 1720. Ms. 71.5 x 26 cms. 
Unsigned. Anonymous. 

Original in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Ilyd. Paris. 138-1-9. 

LC 300 
Note. — A photographic reproduction of this map is in the collection of the 
Library of Congress. The following description is taken from R. Thomassy's 
Geologie pratique de la Louisiane . . . Nouvelle-Orleans et Paris, 1860, pp. 
21^-213: 

"Cette carte de Serigny est, sans comparaison, la plus importante pour I'etude 
des cotes de la Louisiane et du littoral appartenant aujourd'hui aux Etats du 
Mississipi et de I'Alabama; nous I'avons reproduite jusqu'S, la baie de Pensa- 
cola inclusivement {PI. ii) la portion plus k Test ^tant sans int^rgt pour la 
Louisiane. Elle donne a V He b. la Come le nom d'/fe h Bienville, qui m^riterait 
bien de lui etre restitue, et montre I'^tonnante longueur qu'avait alors I'lle 
Dauphine. Celle-ci, dont I'lle Petit Bois n'avait point encore 6t6 d^tachee, 
comptait plus de vingt milles de long, en attendant d'etre couple en deux par 
quelques tempetes, comme nous le verrons repr6sent6 sur la carte du chevalier 
De Novan, en 1769. 

"Quant aux eondages de la carte Serigny, 11 ne faut point s'^tonner de leur 
nombre, car lis indiquaient le seul moyen qu'on eUt alors de se reconnattre en 
approchant des bouches du Mississipi. Les navires allaient droit d'abord dans 
ce qu'on appelait Venfoncement du golfe du Merique, et aprfe avoir reconnu la 
cote, ils venaient se presenter en vue des lies au Vaisseau et Chandeleurs. 
C'estainsi qu'ils ^vitaient 'le risque de tomberdans I'ouest,' comme I'avaient 
fait De la Salle et M. de Beaujeu. 

" La note, relative i ce mode de reconnaissance, est tir^e d'un m^moire manuscrit 
des memes Archives; et je I'ai guillemet^e sur la carte, pour indiquer qu'elle 
ne fait point partie de I'original. J'en dis autant de tout ce qui est, ici ou 
ailleurs, entre deux parentheses: ce sont des extraits de cai'tes et documents 
contemporains, dont je me reserve de citer exactement les soiirces dans I'^di- 
tion amMcaine de ce travail. 

"Un dernier trait caractdristique de la carte Serigny, et le plus important de 
tous, est la forme qu'offraient alors les bouches du Mississipi, d'apr&s le relfeve- 
ment de cet ingdnieur. Ainsi, une passe sud-ouest dtait nettement tracde, 
mais beaucoup plus courte que celle d'aujourd'ui et en outre impassable. 
Quant h la bouche actuelle du sud, elle 6tait encore k sortir du chaos des radeaux 
et des terrains mouvants, et les colons songferent encore moins k elle qu'i la 
pr6c6dente. Serigny, qui avail donnd eon nom k la premiere passe, i)arce 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 247 

qu'il I'avait decouverte, n'y avait trouv6 que 7 et 10 pieda d'eau. Or, 4 la 

difference de celle-ci, la passe de Test avait 10, 14, 16, 18 pieds d'eau; ce qui 

la fit considerer, d5s le d^but, comme la seul bouche du Miasissipi, et fit passer 

les autres sous un complet silence. 

" Les conditions impraticables de ces demiferes firent que les cartes espagnolea 

appliquferent tantot k celle du sud-ouest, tantot ^ celle du sud, ou bien h. toutea 

les deux r^unies, la denomination de Cabo de lodo ou Cap de boue. II ^tait 

difiicile, a coup silrd'y mieux caracteriser les monticules boueux (Mud-lumpa) 

qui n'ont jamais cess^ d'y cr^er des embarras a la navigation. 

"Ajoutons, quant k la passe de Test, qu'elle n'^tait encore form^e que par de 

petites ilea en pleine mer, sentinelles avanc^es de la formation du terrain actuel . ' ' 

The reproduction in this work of Thomassy has two insets: " Vue de la Nouvelle 

Orleans en 1719," and "Embouchures du Mississippi d'apris Guillaume Delisle 

Juin 1718." 

The Library of Congress has a manuscript map, probably made about 1732, 

which includes a portion of the coast described in this title and is called: 

"Carte de la c6te de la Louisiane depuis la baye St. Joseph, jusqu'il celle de Si. 

Bernard ou. tons les ports et bons niouillages sont marquez par des ancres; avec la 

quantite de pies d'eau que Von y trouve. [anon.\ Eschelle de 20 lieues marine 

[=3 in.] 11 X 321 inches." 

This map extends as far north as "Natchitoches." 

For information relating to the life and expedition of Joseph Lemoyne de 

S6rigny, consult titles 289 and 290. 

1720 

Beauvilliers, Le sieur de, d. 1730. 

Carte nouvelle de la partie de I'ouest de la province de la Louisi- 
ane, sur les observations et decouvertes du sieur Benard de La 
Harpe, commandant sur la Riviere Rouge et oti paraissent ses 
routes color ees de jaune et etablissement relatifs a son Journal 
dresse par le S? de Beauvillier gentilhomme servant du Roi et son 
ingenieur ordinaire, de I'Academie royale des sciences a Paris en 
novembre 1720. Ms. 49 x 64 cms. 

Original in Bibl. du Dep. de la Marine. Paris. C. 4040 (7) 
Includes the Texas coast and Texas with New Mexico as far west 
as the eastern bank of the Rio del Norte. No. 284 (6) in Quatrieme 
Centenaire de la Decouverte de I'Amgrique. Catalogue des Docu- 
ments Geographiques exposes a ... la Bibliotheque Nationale. 
Paris, 1892. See " Cartographie de la Louisiane par R. Thomassy. 
Nouvelle Orleans. 1856." p. 214. lc 301 

Note. — Thomassy says of this map: 

"L'annee 1720 6tait celle ou, aprfes la fondation de la Nouvelle-Orleans depuia 
1717, on songeait a la proteger en fortifiant I'entr^e du fleuve. Aussi est-ce en vue 
de ces grands int^rets que semble avoir ete dressee la carte en question. C'est 
du moins ce qu'indique son cartouche, representant la cite naissante et les 
benches du fleuve, ou il s'agissait d'etablir le port et la place maritime dont la 
carte suivante donnera le plan detaill6." 

A copy of this map is evidently the one found in the following work in the 
Library of Congress: 

"Carte nourelle de la partie de I'ouest de la Louisianne,fait sur les observations & 
decouverte de M. Bernard de la Harpe, I'un des commandans audit pays." 
19' J4 X 27^'n inches. 



248 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Beauvilliers — Continued . 

[In La Harpc, Bernard de. Journal historique concernant V Hablissemen des 
franfois a la Loilisiannc tire des Mhnoires de to'' d'Iberrille & de Bienville. 
Commandants pour le roi audit pays & sur les descouvertes & recherches de m. 
Bernard de la Harpe . . . dedie et presente au roi. Par . . , le chevalier de 
Beaurain . . . fol. Paris, 1766] 

This map is in a manuscript copy of the Journal historique . . . de Bernard 
de La Harpe, made by Jean de Beaurain and according to the title-page, 
presented to the king. 

There are other copies of this manuscript but no other copy contains the maps, 
which are therefore of unusual interest. There is little doubt that the maps 
were also made by Beaurain, who was geographer to the king. 
The map is beautifully drawn and colored. It shows North America as far 
north as the headwaters of the Mississippi river, west of the Mississippi to the 
Pacific ocean, and to a considerable distance east of the river; in the south to a 
line through Mexico just south of Yucatan. 

Along the Mississippi river and its tributaries and the gulf of Mexico the map 
shows considerable detail. Many streams, mountains, and towns appear, also 
forts and Indian ^^llages. In the western part there is no detail except along 
the coast, while in Mexico there is considerable. There are many islands off 
the coast of Yucatan, each indicated by name. 

The routes of m. de la Harpe in his travels are shown, also; "Route de m. de 
St. Denis en 1717; Route de mr du Tisne en 1719; Route faite en 1720 par SOO 
espagnols dont 75 ont esteluts pay les Pantimaha et Otoctata suv les bords de la r 
des Cancer." 

There is a short list of explanations of the emblems used in the map to indicate 
the character of the settlements. 

In Henri Marie Auguste Berthaut's Les ingenieurs geographes mililaires 1624-lSSl . 
Paris, 1902. v. 1, p. 16, the following reference is made to Beau\-illiers: 
"Enfin, plusieurs ingenieurs furent envoy 6s aux colonies, tant pour y ex^cuter 
des lev^s topographiques que pour y 6tudier des projets de fortifications. La 
carte des lies du Saint- Laurent, avec les forts, fut dress^e en 1724 par de Beau- 
villiers. On leva les cotes de la Louisiane, le cours du Mississipi dans cette 
region (1722), le delta du Mississipi, la Nouvelle-Orl^ans (1722), etc." 
Gabriel Marcel, in his work entitled iJeprorfiichows cfe cartes <t (fc 5r?o6es . . . avec 
texte explicatif . . . Paris, 1894, in the chapter entitled "Plan de la Nouvelle- 
Orleans," p. 116, says: 

"Deux ans auparavant, le Sieur de Beauvilliers, gentUhomme servant du roi 
et son ing(^nieur ordinaire, de I'Acad^mie des sciences k Paris, comme il se 
qualifie, avait dress^ sur les Memoires de B^nard de la Harpe une carte de la 
Louisiane, et y avait ajout^ une petite vue de 0™, 04 de haut sur 0™, 095 de 
large qui nous montre le commencement de la Nouvelle-Orl6ans en novembre 
1720; c'est, croyons-nous, la vue la plus ancienne de cette ville que Ton pos- 
s^de." 

The reproduction mentioned in La Harpe does not contain an inset view of 
New Orleans. 

1720 

Devin, 

Carte de la Coste de la Louisiane depuis la Baye de St. Louis ou 
de St. Bernard jusqu'a celle de St. Joseph ou Ton a marque exacte- 
ment tous les Bancs et Battures et la quantite de pieds d'eau que 
I'on y trouve; Levee aux annees 1719 et 1720 par Devin. 97 x 33 
cms. Ms. in colors. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 249 

Original in Paris. Bibl. Nat. Cartes C 3717. No. 40 in Qua- 
trieme Centenaire de la D^couverte de rAmSrique. Catalogue des 
Documents G^ographiques exposes a la . . . Bibliotheque Na- 
tionale. Paris, 1S92. LC 302 

Note. — A photographic reproduction of this map is in the collection of the 
Library of Congress. For the various reports and accounts relating to the 
exploration of the bay de St. Bernard consult pp. 319-354, in Margry's Explora- 
tion des affluents du Mississipi . . . (1679-1754) Paris, 1S86. 
The following ms. maps in Bernard de LaHarpe's manuscript Journal historique 
. . . described in title 301, bear indirectly or incidentally upon this subject: 
[1] Plan de la haye du St. Esprit. Nominee par les Francois de St. Bernard. 
Sciluec dans le Golfe du Mexique par 28 degrez 25 minutes de latitude & 279 dcgrez 
45 minutes de longitude. Les Espagnols dans I'annee 1718, s'y sont etablis sour le 
commandement de Don Martin Datarconne, <fc ils I'ont fortifiee en 1722 . . . 
Echelle dc 20 Lieues Espagnolles. 15{ x 20\. The last of the manuscript maps, 
probably prepared by Jean de Beaurain for de La Harpe's Journal historique. 
On the map there is no detail in the interior. 

Llpon opposite sides of the river aie noted the "Anden etablissement de Mr. de 
la Salle," and the "Presidio." 
Soundings in the harbor are given. 

There is a list of explanations of letters used on the map to indicate the char- 
acter of the land. 

A translation of de La Harpe's Journal historique, appears in v. 3, of French's 
Eistorical collections of Louisiana, and the following extracts are made from 
this english translation: 

"He [m. de la Salle] embarked ... in 1684 for the Mississippi river, but by 
sailing too far to the west, he missed its mouth, and landed in a bay which he 
called St. Louis, where he built a fort and established a colony on the banks of 
the Guadaloupe river, in the month of February, 1685. From thence he went 
in search of the Mississippi river by land a second time, and while engaged in 
this undertaking, he was inhiunanly murdered by one of his companions. The 
colony left by him were in part kUled by the Indians, and the remainder carried 
off by a detachment of Spaniards from the new kingdom of Leon, under the 
command of Don Gregorio Salinas Baronas." 

"At Natchitoches he [m. de La Harpe]was informed that don Martin de Alar- 
conne . . . had arrived from the Rio (Bravo) del Norte, where he had established 
several missions, and a post at Espiritu Santo bay, in the vicinity of the rivers 
Guadaloupe and St. Mark." 

[2] Plan du Portfranfois ainsy nomme parm. Benardde la harpe qui en a fait la decou- 
verte et pris possession au nom du Roy le 27 aoust 1721. II est sdtue dans le Golphe 
du Mexique h 100 lieues de coste de I'oiiest dc I'entree de la riuiire du Mississipy h 
laLatlitudede29 degrez 15 minuttes et282 degrez 55 mimittes de longitude. 15x20-'^/4. 
This map made probably by Jean de Beaurain, gives no detail in the interior. 
It shows an igland called "Isle de la Harpe," at the entrance to the harbor. 
Through the entrance to the harljor the soundings are given, and to the north 
the point of land opposite the end of "Isle de la Harpe," is called "Fontaine."- 
On the land to the west, the following note is given: "II peut auoir dans cette 
ouuerture de Baye quelques Enfoncemens ou Riuiferes dont on n'a p(i prendre 
connoissance." 

To the east on a point of land, there are two small bodies of water marked, 
"Etangsd'eau douce," and farther north the region is marked "Pays de nations 
errantes et antropophages." 

M. de La Harpe made an expedition to form a settlement at St. Bernard's bay, 
lea-\ang Fort Saint Louis on august 16, 1721. "He sailed along the coast west 



250 LIBKARY OF CONGRESS 

Devin, Continued. 

of the Mississippi for one hundred leagues or more, and on the 27 august entered 
a fine bay which he believed to be St. Bernard's situated in 29° 15' n lat." 
This however was Port Franfois, St. Bernard's bay being farther west. 
[3] R. des Ouachitas. 16 x 11. Map without title. Probably by Jean de 
Beaurain. Shows river called "R. des Ouachitas," emptying into the "R. 
Rouge" some distance from the point where the Red river empties into the 
Mississippi. 

The Mississippi river is shown from a point south of the mouth of the Red river, 
as far north as Natchez, that being the only point indicated by name. South- 
east of the Mississippi, a region occupied by the Tonica Indians is indicated 
by the name, " Les Tonica." 

The course of the Red river is followed as far as a village named " Tasnoucovr 
goula ou Ajoiielle." Following the course of the "R. des Ouachitas" from its 
mouth, the first stream which is given a name is " Ruisseau" which counecta 
the "R. des Ouachitas"' with the Mississippi. 

Farther along the "R. des Ouachitas," comes the "habitation de m. de Vill- 
mont," then a point in the river marked "Rapide," near to the mouth of a 
stream called "R. aux Boeufs''. Next comes the "habitation de mrs. des 
Marches et de Mezieres," and last of all the "habitation de m. de Cantillon." 
This region was \dsited by m. de Bienville in 1700. 

[4] Petite jsle etfort des Natchitoches Hablie par les franqois sur la Riuitre rouge 
aportce de pistolet de la grande terre, elk a 600 toises de long sur 300 de large. 9J 
X 12J. Manuscript map probably by Jean de Beaurain, to illustrate de La 
Harpe'a Journal hislorique. The island opposite the fort is marked, "Grand 
jsle des Natchitoches habitee par les sauuages." The text of the "Journal" 
says: "Au mois de Janvier 1717, m. de La Motte envoya un sergent et six 
Boldats prendre possession de I'jle des Natchitoches, dans la Rivifere rouge, 
oil les espagnols avaient dessein de s'etablir." 

1720 
Moll, Herman, d. 1732. 

A New Map of the North Parts of America claimed by France 
under y® Names of Louisiana, Mississipi, Canada and New France 
with y® Adjoyning Territories of England and Spain. A great 
part of this Map is taken from y" original draughts of M'' Blackmore, 
the ingenius M"' Berisford now residing in Carolina, Cap' Nairn and 
others never before Publish'd, the South West part of Louisiana 
is done after a French Map Published at Paris in 1718 . . . ByH. 
Moll Geographer. 1720. 102.5 x 61.5 cms. In colors. 

Inset in r. h. "The Harbour of Port Royal" 17.3 x 10.5 cms. and 
"A Map of j" Mouth of Mississipi and Mobile Rivers &c." 17.3 x 
12.7 cms. Vignette, "Indian Fort Sasqusahanok " in u. 1. h. cor. 
Shows Florida, New Mexico, Texas but not California. Has an 
interesting note of Capt. T. Nairn's Florida expedition. LC 303 

Note. — This map is found and described in title 554 of Phillips' List of Geo- 
graphical Atlases. The atlas described is a collection of Moll's maps, some 
published with dates, others without. 

A much reduced impression with notes and insets eliminated, with the same 
title, is found in the various editions of his Atlas minor, from 1729. 
For a notice of Moll's life, consult Dictionary of national biography. 
Title 304 in this list has been eliminated as being a duplicate of this title. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 251 

1721 

Piano del Presidio de Nuestra Senora del Pilar de los Adaijs, ea la 
frontera de los Texas, Nuevo Reyno de Philipinas, cuya fortifica- 
cion demarco y dexo executada el Marques de San Miguel de 
Aguai/o en 1°. de Novicmbre de 1721 . . . Sylverio Sculp. Mex. 
40 X 29 cms. Engraved, unsigned. Anonymous. 

In Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 136; Caj. 7; Leg. 7. 

Tomo V. fol. 246. Forms part of the "Derrotero/ de la expedi- 

cion/ en la Provincia de Texas/ . . . escrito por el B"" Don Juan 

Antonio de la Pena, impreso en Mexico en 1721. fol. 21. No. 

114 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida," Tomo 1. 305 

Note. — A copy of Pena's work is not in the Library of Congress The British 

Museum has a copy with a reference in the catalogue from Aguayo to Azlor, 

Joseph de, marquis de San Miguel de Aguayo. 

The title of this work is given in full in Jos6 Toribio Medina's La imprenta en 
Mexico {1539-1821) . . . Santiago de Chile, 1908, v. 4- p. 86. 
For an account of Aguayo 's expedition consult Henderson K. Yoakum's History 
of Texas . . . 1855, v. 1, which contains an interesting map entitled: "Map of 
Spanish Texas ' ' ; and Appendix in v. 1, no. 1, marques de Altamira's Testimonio. 
Consult also an article by Isaac Joslin Cox, entitled The southwest boundary of 
Texas, in the Quarterly of the Texas state historical association, October 1902, v. 6. 
Also The municipal government of San Fernando de Bexar, 17SO-1SO0, by Mattie 
Alice Austin, in the same Quarterly, for april, 1905, v. 8, no. 4. 
Also The Louisiana- Te.ras frontiers, by Isaac Joslin Cox, July, 1906, and The 
founding of Mission Rosario, by Herbert E. Bolton, October, 1906. 
Aguayo's Diary is found in Memorias de Nueva Espana, v. 28, which is copied 
in the ms. in the Library of Congress entitled Documentos para la historia eccle- 
siastica y civil de la provincia de Texas. Tomo segundo. 

A copy of the complete volumes of the Memoria de Nueva Espana is found in the 
University of Texas. 

The sixth Enlrada by Aguayo, with notes describing the various missions men- 
tioned in the titles following this, are found in Antonio Bonilla's Brief com- 
pendium of the history of Texas, 1772, translated by Elizabeth Howard West, 
in the Quarterly of the Texas state historical association, July, 1904. 
For a description of the "Derrotero" consult Herbert Eugene Bolton's article 
entitled: Some materials for southwestern history in the Archivo general de 
Mexico, in the Quarterly of the Texas state historical association, Jan. 1904, pp. 212. 

1721 

Piano del Presidio de Nuestra Senora del Pilar de los Adais en la 
frontera de los Texas, Nuevo Reino de Filipinas, cuya fortificacion 
delineo y dejo executada el Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo en 
1? de Noviembre de 1721. 30.5 x 43 cms. Ms. Unsigned. 
Anonymous. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 67; Caj. 3; 

Leg. 1 1 (3) Description endorsed and accompanied by documents 

relative thereto. No. 1 13 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." 

Tomo 1. 306 

Note. — Consult note to title 305. 



252 LIBRARY OF COKGRESS 

1722 

Mapa de la Bahia del Spiritu Santo de la Provincia de las Nuevaa 
Filipinas [Texas] que dexo observado el Marqu6s de San Miguel 
de Aguayo en 10 de Abril de 1722. 42.5 x 60 cms. Ms. in colors. 
Unsigned. Anonymous. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 67; Caj. 3; 

Leg. 11. (1) Marginal legends and accompanied by documonts 

relating thereto. No. 1 1 1 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." 

Tomo 1. 307 

Note. — Consult note to title 305. 

1722 

Piano del Presidio de Nuestra Senora de los Dolores, junto & la 
Mision de Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion que esta en el centro del 
pais de los Texas, que erigio y delineo el Marques de San Miguel de 
Aguayo. 30 x 42 cms. Ms. Unsigned, imdated. Anonymous. 
Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. vSevilla. Est. 67; Caj. 3; 
Leg. 11. (5) Description endorsed and accompanied by docu- 
ments relative thereto. No. 112 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y 
Florida." Tomo 1. 308 

Note. — Consult note to title 305. 

1722 

Piano del Presidio de Nuestra Senora de Loreto en la BaJiia del 
Spiritu Santo de la Provincia d-^ Texas, Nuevo Reino de Filipinas 
que demarco y dejo abiertas las zanjas de toda la fortificacion el 
Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo . . . 30.5 x 43 cms. Ms. 
Unsigned. LTndated. Anonymous. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 67; Caj. 3; 
Leg. 11. (2) With description endorsed and accompanying docu- 
ments relating thereto. No. 115 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y 
Florida." Tomo 1. 309 

Note.— Consult note to title 305. 

1722 

Piano del Presidio de San Antonio de Bejar, en la Provincia de Texas, 
Nuevo Reyno de PJiilipinas, & seis leguas de Coaguila; cuya fortifi- 
cacion demarc6 el Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo . . . Syl- 
verio Scul. 40 x 29 cms. Engraved. Unsigned. LTndated. 
Anonymous. 

In Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 136; Caj. 6; Leg. 7. 
Tomo V. fol. 251. In "Derrotero/ de la expedicion/ en la 
Prov? de Texas/ . . . escrito por cl Br Don Juan Antonio de la 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 253 

Pefia, Impreso en Mexico en 1722. fol. 26. No. 118 in Lanzas, 
"Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. 310 

Note.— Consult note to title 305. 

1722 

Piano del Presidio de San Antonio de Vexar de la Provincia de Texas, 
Nuevo Reino de Filiyinas k seis leguas de la de Ooaguila, cuya for- 
tificacion demarco el Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo . . . 
30 X 42 cms. Ms. Unsigned. Undated. Anonymous. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. SeviUa. Est. 67; Caj. 3; 
Leg. 11. (4) Description endorsed and witli accompanying docu- 
ments relative thereto. No. 117 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y 
Florida." Tomo 1. 311 

Note. — Consult note to title 305. 

1722 

Piano del Presidio de Nuestra Senora de Loreto de la BaTiia del Espiritu 
Santo de la Provincia de Texas, Xuevo Beyno de Philipinas, que 
demarco y dejo abiertas las zanjas de toda la fortificacion el 
Marques de San Miguel de Aguuyo . . . "Sylverio f." 28 x 38 
cms. Engraved. Undated. Anonymous. 

InArch.Gen.de Indias. SevUla. Est. 136; Caj. 7; Leg. 7; 
Tomo V. fol. 249. In "Derrotero/ de la expedicion/ en la Pro- 
vincia de Texas/ . . . escrito por el B? Don Juan Antonio de Pena, 
impreso en Mexico en 1722. fol. 22. No. 116 in Lanzas, "Mapas 
de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. 312 

Note. — Consult note to title 305. 

1722 

Delisle, Guillaume, 1675-1726. 

Carte du Mexique et de la Floride des Terres Angloises et des 
Isles Antilles, du Cours et des Environs de la Riviere de Mississipi. 
Dressee Sur un grand nombre de memoires principalement sur ceux 
de M" d'lberville et le Sueur Par Guillaume De ITsle Geographe 
de I'Academie Royale des Sciences. A Amsterdam Chez lean 
Covens & CorneLUe Mortier Avec Privilege 1722. 60 x 46.5 cms. 
Colored outlines. 2 cartouches. 

In his Atlas Nouveau. Amsterdam, J. Covens & C. Mortier 
(1741 1) Vol. 2. no. 29. The title "Tabula Geographica Mexicae 
et Floridae" &c. is exterior to above measurements. See map 
1703. WL 313 

Note.— For a description of the atlas from which this map is taken consult 

title 596 of Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 

The first edition of this map, published in 1703, is described in title 256 of this 

work. For references to the life of Delisle, consult title 247. 



254 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1724 

Buache, Philippe, 1700-1773. 

Carte reduite des isles de I'Amerique et du golfe du Mexique, 
comprcnant les c6tes de la mer du Nord depuis la baie de Chesa- 
peack en Virginie jusqu' a la riviere des Amazones, et les c6tes de 
la mer du Sud depuis la Califomie jusqu' a Porto-Viejo, dressee 
sous le ministere de M. le Comte de Maurepas et sur les ordres de 
M. le Chevalier de La Blandiniere par Philippe Buache, hydro- 
graphe du Depot de la Marine. 1724. Ms. 198 x 133 cms. 

Original in Arch. Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Hyd. Paris. 140- 
1-14. No. 76 in Quatrieme Centenaire de la Decouverte de 
I'Amerique. Catalogue des Documents Geographiques exposes h 
... la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1892. Extends to 40° 
N. lat. and west to head of the Gulf of California. Includes the 
Gulf of Mexico; California coast and New Mexico not shown. 
Coast names only. Only seven or eight names appear on the 
Florida Peninsula, some of which are Spanish, but several on the 
east coast, French names (given by Ribaut?)i.e. "Lamanche " 
to the S. of the "river St. Augustine"; "c fran^ois" between 
"r.s.mathieu" to the south and" r. s.pierre" to the north, lc 314 

Note. — For an extensive notice of Buache consult Biographie universelle 
(Michaud) also J. P. Grandjean de Fouchy's Eloge de m. Buache in L'Academie 
royale des sciences. Histoire, 1112. Paris, 1116, pp. 135-150. For a list of his 
works, consult Table des noms des academiciens et de leur correspondans, 1666- 
mo. V. A, pp. 53-54. 

A copy of the map is in the Library of Congress. 
Consult also: 

Catalogue des cartes & ouvrages geographiques de mm. De I'Isle et Buache . . . 
De celles de m. Jaillot . . . Qui composent le/onds geographique du sieur [J. A.] 
Dezauche successeur des sieurs De I'Isle & Buache; ainsi que des cartes de la marine 
du roi, dont il seul I'entrepSt general. Paris, Dezauche, n. d. 
[In Delisle, Guillaume, and Buache, Philippe. Atlas geographique et universel. 
2 V. fol. Paris, Dezauche, 1181-1184- v. 2, 2 pp. at end\ 
"Supplement au catalogue", printed on small slip and attached to last page. 
Vuacheux, Ferdinand. Note sur un recueil de cartes manuscrites de Buache 
conserve ct la bibliothique de Havre. 

[In France. Ministire de I'instruction publique et des heaux-arts. Comile des 
travaux historiques et scientifiques. Bulletin de geographic historiqtie et descriptive. 
1899. 8°. Paris, imprimerie nationale, 1900. no. 2, pp. 411-480] 
Vuacheux, Ferdinand. Un memoire et une lettre du geographe. Philippe Buache 
(1167) 

[In France. Ministire de I'instruction publique et des beaux-arts. Comile des 
travaux historiques et scientifiques. Bulletin de geographie historique et descriptive. 
1901. 8°. Paris, imprimerie nationale, 1901. no. 2, pp. 267-214] 
The following interesting note, probably relating to this map, is from L'Aca- 
demie royale des sciences. Histoire. Avec les mcmoires de malhcmatique d- de 
physique pour la meme annee . . . Paris, 1132. p. 106. 

"M. Buache, employ^ k travailler au d^pot.des Cartes de la Marine ^tabli en 
1721, ayant profits pour I'avancement de la Geographic de tout ce qu'il 
avoit sous lee yeux, apporta h, I'Acad^mie une Carte qu'il avoit dressee du 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 255 

Golphe de M^xique & des Isles de I'Am^riqvie. Oette partie du Nouveau 
Monde est la plus fr^quent^e par les Navigateurs Francois, & les erreure 
des Cartes en deviennent d'autant plus dangereuses. Celle de Pieter Goos, 
dont les Pilotes se eervent ordinairement, se trouva par les recherches de 
M. Buache assez eloignee du vrai. II rendoit sensible a Toeil, par des contours 
d'une couleur diff^rente, combien elle differoit meme assez consid^rablement de 
la Carte du M6xique de feu M. Delisle; mais beaucoup moins de la demiere 
Edition en une feuille de I'Am^rique du meme Auteur. M. Buache faisoit 
gloire d'etre Disciple de M. Delisle; mais il avoit eu I'avantage de travailler 
BUT quantity de M^moires que le Mattre n'avoit pas connus. Plus on en a 
devant soi, plus on pent approcher de la vMt6 dans les determination; mais 
aussi le travail se multiplie a proportion par le grand nombre d'attentions, de 
reflexions & de combinaisons n^cessaires," 

1725? 
Mortier, Pieter. 

Mer de Siui ou Pacifiqiio, contenant I'lsle de Californe, les Costes 
de Mexique, du Perou, Chili, et le Destroit de Magellanique &c. 
. . . [anon.] Amsterdam, P. Mortier, [1725] 58.5 x 73.7 cms. 
The date is that given by P. Lee Phillips in A List of Maps of Amer- 
ica, p. 1S4. LC 315 
Note.— This map was "taken from v. 2, dated 1700, of Le Neptune frangou, 
described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title no. 517. 
For references to Mortier consult title 145. 

1725? 

Seutter, Matthew, 1678-1756. 

Mappa Geographica Regionem Mexicanam et Floridam, terrasque 
adjacentes ut et Anteriores Americae Insulas, cursus itidem et 
reditus navigantium versus flumen Missisipi, et alias colonias ob 
oculos ponens, cura et sumtibus M. Seutteri. Augustae Vindel 
[icorum, 1725 ?] Brit. Mus. Cat. 75605(10) gives date 1725 ? 57 x 
47.0 cms. Undated. WL 316 

XoTE. — This is a duplicate of title 328, which consult for a more definitn 
description. 

1725-1760 

Seutter, Matthew, 1678-1756. 

Xovus Orbis sive America Meridionalis et Septentrionalis, per 
sua Regna, Provincias et Insulas iuxta observationes et descrip- 
tiones recentiss. divisa et adornata cura et opera Matth. Seutter 
Chalc. Aug. 57 x 49.5 cms. Colors. 2 cart. Undated. 

See the same map with the sole change of Seutter's qualities: 
i. 6. "Sac. Caes. Maj. Geographo Aug. Vind." (Brit. Mus. Cat. 
1720-1755?) WL317 

Note. — The latest date found on this map is descriptive of "J. de Anycan 
dedecta Anno 1705," found east of the coast of " Magellanicie ." This impression 
is not found in his Grosser atlas, 1734? described in Phillips' List of Geographical 
title 5SS, nor in his Atlas novus, 1740, described in the same list, title 



256 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Seutter, Matthew — Continued. 

593. Consult notices of Seutter in Allgemeine deutsche biographie. Leipzig, 
1892, V. 34, pp. 10-lt, and in Christian Sandler's Matthdris Seutter und seint 
landkarten. [In Verein fiir erdkunde zu Leipzig. Mitteilungen, 1894. Leipzig, 
1895, pp. 1-38] 
For the other impression of this map consult title 329. 

1727 
Barreiro, Francisco Alvarez. 

Piano Corographico del Reyno y Provincia de el Nuevo Mexico 
una de las de Nueva Espafia situada entre los 31 y 28 grados de 
Latitud Boreal y los 258 y 264° de Longitud a el respecto de el 
Meridiano de la Isla de Thenerife. No. 3. 51.5 x 40.5 cms. Ms. 
in colors on parchment. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 67; Caj. 4; 
Leg. 4. (3) "Levantado de orden del Excmo. Senor Marquds de 
Casafuerte, Virrey de Nueva Espana, pdr Don Francisco Alvarez 
Barreiro Ingeniero en Gefe de el Nuevo Reino de PhUipiaas, Provin- 
cias de los Thejas, siguiendo para la demarcacion de sus tcrritorios 
y fronteras con las naciones de indios barbaros, las ordenes que le 
fueron dadas por el Brigadier Don Pedro Rivera Villalon. 12 
Enero 1727." 

It is number 3 of a series of five maps and is accompanied by 

a descriptive memorial of the regions laid down in the several 

maps of the series. No. 122 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y 

Florida." Tomo 1. There is a copy in the Brit. Mus. Add. Mss. 

17.651. It is 34 X 27.5 cms. & can be reduced to less than ^. An 

important map. For Brit. Mus. title see under 1770. 318 

Note. — Besides this map described as above there are three others by Barreiro 

titles 536, 538 and 541, mentioned in this collection, which are copied and iu 

the collection of the British Museum. They are evidently out of chronological 

place in this list and are described in connection with this title. The date 

1770, in title 538, is the year in which this map was reduced from the original. 

Lanzas, in his work above mentioned, describes six maps by Barreiro. Two 

of the maps mentioned in this collection are nos. 121 and 122. No. 538 does 

not seem to be mentioned but it was probably compiled by Surville from 

Barreiro's various maps. 

The descriptive memorial here referred to is thus described in Lowery'e The 
Spanish settlements vnthin the present limits of the United States. Mss. . . . 
Texas, 1673-1803: 

" Descripcion de las Provincias internas de la Nueba Espaiia para mas clara 
inteligencia de los Pianos que la acompanan, en que se determina el numero 
de Naciones existentes en cada una, y el de Yndios de ambos sexos de que se 
componen sus pueblos. Frutos que en sus territorios produce cada una, con 
las Maderas Animalee, y temperamientos. Fecha de orden del Exino Sor 
Virrey de aquel Reyno, por Dn. Francisco Alvarez Barreiro (or Barreiro) 
Teniente Coronel, &c. Brit. Mus. Add. Mss. 17,563, fol. 159-177 of about 544 
words to a page." Contains description of "nuevo Leon," "PhiUpinas" aod 
"Texas." 



THE LOWEKY COLLECTION 257 

On October 15, 1T22, Juan de Acuna, marques de Casafuerte arrived in Mexico 
as thirty-seventh viceroy of New Spain. He is said to have been one of the 
best of all the representatives of royalty, being remembered in the history of 
the country as the 'Great Governor.' He died in 1734 at the age of seventy- 
seven. For further information consult H. H. Bancroft's Mexico, v. S, pp. 
349-351. 

For a notice of Pedro Rivera Villalon consult Jos6 Mariano Beristain de Souza'a 
Biblioteca hispano-americana septentrional . . . Mexico, 1821, p. 37. 
A description of this work is given, with the following note, in Jos6 Toribio 
Medina's La imprenta en Guatemala {1660-1821) Santiago de Chile, 1910, 
p. 85: 

"Rivera salio de Mexico el 21 de No\-iembre de 1724 y solo vino & regresar el 
29 de Junio de 172S, habiendo andado en todo 3,082 leguas. En el 'Diario' 
describe dia por dia cuanto'\'i6 en el ^•iaje, situaciongeogrdiica de lo3 lugares, 
costumbres de los habitantes, producciones del suelo, etc." 
The Librarj-of Congress has a copy of Rivera's work entitled: Diario y derrotero 
de lo caminado, visto, y obcenado en el discurso de la visita general de precidios, 
situados en las proiincias yntemas d Xueva Espana, que dc orden de Su Magestad 
executd D. Pedro de Riiera. . . Guathemala, S. de Arehalo, 1736. 
In the first page of this Diario, Rivera says: 

"Como para el conocimiento de log RejTios y Provincias lo demuestran en \'n 
Piano los Geographos: describo yo en este Mapa el estado de las Pro\'incias, 
que andube, y reconocicon la experiencia practica, para que ala primera \'i5ta, 
quede el menos intelii'ente con el conocimiento de aqueUos pasages, y de lo 
qen ello? =e incluye, lar^ dLstacias q median entre \Tia8 y otras Pro\'incia3, con 
las Latitiidij,-, y LO^'ituJes, en q cada ^•na se haUa, para la inteligencia de 
todas las partes q iorman aquel compuesto, y de lo prolixo de mi peregrinacion, 
ala que me destino la obediencia." 

From this paragraph it seems that a map should accompany this work, but no 
map appears in any of the copies which are mentioned. Frequent references 
are made throughout the text to Francisco Alvarez Barreiro, most of them 
showing that he was directed to make certain maps and plana of the various 
provinces inspected. 

In Antonio BonUla's Bri^'f compendium of the history of Texas, published in the 
Quarterly of the Texas state historical association for July 1904, the Revista 
of Rivera is given, pp. 37-40. 
Consult also titles 536, 538, 541. 

1729 

Aa, Pieter van der, d. 1730. 

Partie meridionale de ia Virginie et la Partie Orientale de la 
Floride, dans rAmerique Septentrionale suivant les Memoires les 
plus exacts de ceux qui les ont decouvertes, de nouveau niises en 
lumiere par Pierre van der Aa, Marchand Libraire a Leide. 35.3 
X 28.7 cms. 1 cartouctie. Undated. 

In his La Galerie Agreable du Monde, vol. 1. Amerique. 
Leide, [1729] For the date here given see P. Lee Phillips' A List 
of Maps of America, p. 980. See Jan Jansson 1642, 1653; Blaeu; 
and Montanus 1671. wl 319 

Note. — Aa, in his catalogue entitled: Bibliotheca selectissima, v. 2, p. 379, 

gives the date of 1729 to his publication entitled La galerie agreable du monde. 

For information relating to Aa, consult title 230. 

85241°— 12 ^17 



258 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1729 
Aa, Pieter van der, d. 1730. 

La Floride, Suivant les Nouvelles Observations de Mess"'." de 
rAcademie Royale des Sciences, etc. Augmentees de Nouveau. 
A Leide. Chez Pierre van der Aa. Avec Privilege. 3S.3 x 26.5 
cms. including border. wl 320 

Note. — Based upon Delisle's "Carte du Mexique ct de la Floride . . . 

1703" and taken from Gueudeville's £« nouveau theatre du monde . . . 1713, 

map no. 43. 

For a description of this atlas consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 

£58. This map, with different border is in Aa'si/a3a/fr!€a3rea5/€(fu7;!on(fe . . . 

[7729] V. 1. Amirique, no. 20; also in his Nouiel atlas tris exact, 1714. It is 

also found under the title ' ' La Louisiane " in an atlas of the same title published 

by Covens & Mortier, in Amsterdam, about 1735. 

For information relating to van der Aa, consult title 230. 

1729 

Aa, Pieter van der, d. 1730. 

La ville, le chateau et le village de St. Augustine en Amerique. 
26.5 X 35.5 cms. Unsigned, undated. 

In his La Galerie agreable du Monde. Leide [172<)] vol. 1. 
Amerique. pi. 22. For date here given see P. Lee PliiUips, A 
List of Maps of America, p. 755. lc 321 

Note. — A copy of the work containing this plan is in the Library of Congress. 
For date consult title 319 and for information relating to van der Aa, title 230. 

173- 

MoU, Herman, d. 1732. 

Florida Galled by y"' French Louisiana- &c. By H. Moll Geog- 
rapher. 27.2 X 20 cms. Undated. 

In Atlas Mmor ... By Herman Moll . . . London (173- ?) 
No. 54. Brit. Mus. Cat. K. 122 (79) dates it bet. 1700 and 
1710. WL 322 

Note. — This impression is taken from the edition of 1736? Consult Phillips' 
List of Geographical Atlases, title 58.5. It is found in all the editions. First 
pubKshed in the edition of 1729; consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, 
title 574. Based upon Delisle's map of Lomsiana, 1718. For life of Moll, con- 
sult Dictionary of national biography. 

1730? 

Ottens, Reiner, and Ottens, Joshua. 

Nova Tabula Exhibens Insulas Cubam et Hispaniolam Vulgo S. 
Domingo Diet am Insulas Lucaias seu Bahamanas ac Peninsulam 
Floridae ex Novissimis Observationibus Ilispanorum Anglorum 
Gallorum atque Hollandorum in lucem edita. a R. ct I. Ottens 
Amstelodami. 54 x 84.5 cms. Colors. Undated. 



THE LOWEKY COLLECTION 259 

There is a second title to the lower southern half of the same 

map: Nova Isthmi Americani, qui et Panamiensis item Dariensis, 

Tabvla in qua Vrbes Porto Bello, Panama et Carthagena, verissimis 

suis locis positte ... a Reinero et Josva Ottens Amstelodami. 

Brit. Mus. Cat. S0510 (3) gives date 1730?. In upper part are 

tlu-ee msets, one of which is: A Draught of St. Augustine and its 

Harbour (and with a French title) Definition de St. Augustin avec 

ses Terres circonvoisines Ports Profondeurs. 11x13.5 cms. Both 

large and small maps are interesting. The larger shows the Florida 

Peninsula. lc 323 

Note. — This map is made up of two of the Ottens maps — Cuba as the upper 

half, and the Isthmus of Panama as the lower. They were evidently intended 

to be so joined as they fit exactly, including the route track of the galleons 

which runs through both. 

A copy of this map contain in g the first title is in the collection of the Library 
of Congress, dated 1745? 

The second title belongs to a map described in R. & J. Ottens' Atlas minor, 
described in title 616 of Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. The reason for 
this date is given in the note. 

The inset of St. Augustine in the first map is based upon the inset in the map 
by Moll, of the West Indies about 1715. 

For notices of Ottens consult A. J. van der Aa's Biographisch woordenboek der 
Nederlanden. Haarlem., 1S6S, v. IS, pp. 241-242; also P. A. I'iele's Nederlandsche 
hibliographie van land und volkenkunde . . . Amsterdam, 18S4. 

1730? 
Ottens, Reiner, and Ottens, Joshua. 

Insulas Americauas Nempe: Cuba . Hispaniola . Jamaica . P'" 
Rico . Lucania . Antillie vulgo Caribae . Barlo-et Sotto-Vento . etc. 
Amstelodanum . par Reuaier & Josua Ottens Cum Privilegio. 
58 X 48 cms. 1 cart. Undated. 

The title above the map is: Stoel des oorlogs in America waar 

in vertoont werden alle desself voornaamste eylande nieuwelycks 

uytgegcvcn door Reinier & Josua Ottens. Florida is well shown. 

Brit. Mus. Cat. date 1730 ? wl 324 

Note.— This map is found also in R. & J. Ottens' Atlas minor, described 

in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 616. The title above the map 

shows that it was issued to illustrate the war between thefrench and the british 

which began in 1756. 

For information relating to Ottens consult title 323. 
See later impression under title 693. 

1730? 

Seutter, Matthew, 1678-1756. 

Accurata delineatio celeberrimae Regionis Ludovicianae vel 
Gallice Louisiane . . . cura et manu M. Seutteri. 56.5 x 49 cms. 
Undated. Brit. Mus. Cat. 73.210 (2) gives 1730? Augsburg? 

WL 325 
Note. — This is a duplication of title 331 where it is more fully described. 



260 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1731 

Anville, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d', 1697-1782. 

Carte des Isles de rAinerique et de plusieurs Pays de Terra ferme 
situes au devant de ces Isles & aiitour du Golfe de Mexique. 
Dressee sur un grand nombres de Cartes particulieres, sur les 
instructions des Navigateurs et Voyageurs, sur les recits des Histo- 
riens Espagnoles qui fournissent des details qu'on n'a point fait 
entrer dans les Cartes. Le tout reduit sous la Projection la plus 
favorable, et s'accordant avec des determinations Astronomiques 
de Longitude de la Martinique, S? Dominigue, la Jamaique, Car- 
thagene, et la Louisyane. Par le S? d'Anville, Geographe Ord™ 
du Roi. mars 1731. 44 x 30.5 cms. Exterior to measurements, 
"Tom. 1. pag. 1"" 

In his Atlas General. Paris, 1727-80. No. 36. See this map 
publish(5d by Homann Heredes ca. 1740, which I have. See Car- 
tograjjhie de la Louisiane par A. Thomassy. Nouvelle Orleans, 
1856. p. 216. LC 326 

Note. — This map is mentioned in the copy of Anville's Atlas, described in 

Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 571. 

Other editions and reproductions are also found mentioned in this work. 

Consult the following works relating to the life and works of Anville: 

Barbi6 du Socage, Jean Denis, atid Manne, Louis Charles Joseph de. Notice 

des ouvrages de m. d'Anville, precedee de son eloge. [Par m. Joseph Dacier] 2 I. 

(6) pp. 1 I, 5-120 pp. 12°. Paris, Fucks, 1S02. 

"Dans cette notice m. Barbie du Bocage indique les changemens qu'il a faita 

aux ouvrages de m. d'Anville ainsi que I'epoque de ces changemens." 

Reviewed in The monthly review, for jan.-april, 1803, v.40, p. 544. "The 

object of this Notice is to announce a complete edition of the works of this 

celebrated geographer." 

Condorcet, Marie Jean Anthoine Nicolas Caritat, marquis de. Eloge de m. 

d'Anville. 

[In Academic (L') royale des sciences. Eistoire. 1782. 4°- Paris, 1785. pp. 

69-77] 

Also in his CEuvres, v. 2, pp. 529-540. 

Dacier, Joseph Bonaventure. Eloge de m. d'Anville. 

[In Academie {L') des inscriptions et belles-lettres. Eistoire. 1780-1784- 4°- 

Paris, 1793. v. 45, pp. 160-174] 

Inventaire de la collection de cartes de m. d'Anville. 355 I. unpd. fol. 

An eighteenth century manuscript, being a catalogue of 8,793 maps, giving 

scales, authors, engravers, etc. with notes. Enclosed are two leaves in ms. 

referring to the arrangement of a catalogue of his manuscripts, addressed to 

monsieur Maisonneuve. 

Wolkenhauer, Wilhelm. ./. B. Bourguignon d'Anville. Ein erinnerungsblatt zu 

seinem 200. geburtstage. 

[In Deutsche rundschau fur geographic und statistik. Juli, 1897. 8°. Wien, 

A. Eartleben, 1897. v. 19, pp. 468-471 inch portrait] 

D'Anville, geographe. Sa vie et ses ouvrages. 

[In Magasin pittoresque. 1839. fol. Paris, is.i9. v. 7, p. 216 incl. portrait] 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 261 

1731 

Catesby, Mark, 1679?-1749. 

A map of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands with the 
adjacent parts. 43 x 58.5 cms. Unsigned, imdated. 

In his The Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama 
islands . . . fol. author, London, 1731. vol. 1. front, lc 327 

Note.— The Library of Congress has the 1731-43, 1754, 1770, 1771 editions of 
this work which contain this map. 

For a life of the author consult Dictionary of national biography. For the 
edition of 1755 of this map consult title 421 under Seligmann. 

1731-1760 

Seutter, Matthew, 1678-1756. 

Mappa Geographica Regionem Mexicanam et Floridam Ter- 
rasque adjacentes, ut et Anteriores AmericaB Insulas, Cursus 
itidem et Reditus Navigantium versus flumen Missisipi et alias 
Colonias ob oculos ponens, cura et sumptibus Mattha?i Seutteri, 
S. Cses. et Reg. Cath. Maj. Geographi et Chalcographi Augustas 
Vindel (En tete). Tob: Con: Letter Sculps. 57 x 47.5 cms. and 
X 50 with entete. Colors. 1 cart. 1 vignette. LTndated. 

Inset in u. r. h. cor.: "Bahia Portus BeUi." 8.3 x 9 cms. 
"Tractus Bahise et Civitatis Havana." S.7 x 9 cms. "Tractus 
Civitatis Carthagena Castel ejus." 16.4 x 7 cms. "La Vera Cruz." 
5.5x4 cms. For approximate date see: Matthaus Seutter und 
seine Landkarten von Chr. Sandler, in "ilitteilungen des Vereins 
fiir Erdkunde zu Leipzig, 1894. Leipzig, Duncker & Humbolt, 
1895." p. 1. et seq. wl 328 

Note. — This map is translated into latin from Delisle's map published in 1722 
which is a revised edition of his 1703 map entitled: "Carte du Mexiqxu et de 
la Floride." Consult title 313 for this original french edition. 
This latin impression by Seutter was taken from Homann's Grosser atlas, 1737, 
described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 5S6, and is also found in 
other editions of his atlas. It is entitled "Regni Mexicani seu Novae His- 
panix . . ." It contains in place of the inset of harbors a sketch of traders 
bartering with Indians. The Pieter Schenk impression which is earlier than 
the Homann, is entitled " Tabula Mexicae et Floridae." It differs in the omis- 
sion of the engraving. 

An exact reproduction of this map in all its points has the name of Letter in 
place of Seutter. In the inset to Seutt«r's impression, entitled "Bahia Portus 
Belli", is the following: "Admiralis Vernon Bachiam intrans d. 21 Xovembr. 
1739." This map is no. 190 in the " Verlagsiibersicht bis 1760," reprinted in 
Sandler's notice of Seutter. 
Title 316 is a duplicate description of this map. 
For notices of the life and works of Seutter consult title 317. 



262 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1731-1760 
Seutter, Matthew, 1678-1756. 

Nova Orbis sive America Septentrionalis, divisa per sua Regna 
Provinc: et Insul: cura et opera Matth: Seutter S. C. M. Geogr. 
Aug. V. A. C. Seutter delin. Tob. Conr. Lotter Sculpsit. 25.3 x 
19.5 cms. 1 cart, colors. Undated. 

In Lotter, Tobias Conrad. Atlas Minor prrecipua Orbis terrarum 
Imperia, Regna et provincias, Germanise potissimum . . . opera 
Tobiie Conradi Lotteri Chalcographi et Geographi Aug. Vind. [No 
date] WL 329 

NoTB. — A copy of the alias from which this map is taken is in the Library of 
Congress and will be described in a supplement to the List of Geographical 
Atlases. This atlas is the same as Matthew Seutter's Alias minor, in title- 
page, text and maps, with the exception of the fact that Letter's Atlas minor 
contains 11 more maps than Seutter's. The date 1744 assigned to this atlaa 
is found in the text under the heading "Germania." Besides those of Lotter, 
many of the maps were made by Matthew and Albert Carl Seutter. The 
Seutter atlas is the earlier edition. 

This map is a reduced impression of the map described in titles 317 and 330. 
For references to Seutter and Lotter consult titles 317 and 334. 

1731-1760 
Seutter, Matthew, 1678-1756. 

Novus Orbis sive America Meridionalis et Septentrionalis per sua 
Regna, Provincias et Insulas iuxta observationes et descriptiones 
recentiss. divisa et adornata cura et opera Matth. Seutter. Sac. 
Cjes. Maj. Geographo Aug. Vind. 57.6 x 50 cms. Colors. 2 car- 
touches. Undated. 

See the same map with the change of Seutter's qualities, i. e. 
"Chalc. Aug." Brit. Mus. Cat. date 1720-1755? wl 330 

Note. — This impression is found in Seutter's Atlas novus, 1740, and also in 
his Grosser atlas, 17341 described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, 
titles 583, 593. For other impression, consult title 317, and the reduced impres- 
sion 329. 
For references to the life and works of Seutter and Lotter, consult title 317. 

1731-1760 

Seutter, Matthew, 1678-1756. 

Accurata dclineatio celeberrimae Regionis LudovicianEe vel Gallice 
Louisiane ol. Canadfe et Floridie adpellatione in Septentrionali 
America descriptiE quse hodie nomine fluminis Mississippi vel S' 
Louis per colonias et navigationes Gallorum ob immensas opes et 
adfluentiam magis magisque inclarescit ex fide digniss. Itinerariis 
consignata et in lucera edita cura et manu Matthaji Seutteri. S. C. 
M. G. Augustan. 56.5 x 49 cms. 1 cartouche. Colors. Un- 
dated. 

In his "Atlas Novus Sive Tabulae Geographicae Totius Orbis 
Faciem, Partes, Imperia, Regna et Provincias exhibientes exactis- 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 263 

sima cura iuxta recent issimas observation. Aeri incisae et A'enum 

expositae a Matthaeo Seutter. S. C. M. G. Augustae Vindelico- 

rum" [No date] Inset upper 1. h. corner: "Les costes de la 

Louisiane depuis la baye de Ascension jusques acelle (sic) de S. 

Joseph oh se trouve les Embouchures des Rivieres ilississipi (sic), 

ou de S. Louis, de la ^lobilc, de Pascagoula, etc. avec les Isles, 

Ports et Habitations ou Possessions des Francois." 30 x 13.5 x 

9.5 cms. Colors. 1 cartouche. For the date here given see: 

Matthaus Seutter und seine Landkarten von Chr. Sandler, in: 

Mtteilungen des Vereins fur Erdkunde zu Leipzig 1894. Leipzig 

Duncker und Humbolt, 1895. wl 331 

Note. — See a description of the atlas from -whicli this map is taken in Phillips' 

List of Geographical Atlases, title oS3. This atlas has two titles, — the main title 

Grosser atlas and the engraved title Atlas novus. The date 1734? is given as it 

occurs on several maps in the atlas. 

For a duplicate title of this map, consult title 325. This map is a reduced 
impression, with the inset, of Nicolas de Fer's map of 1718, described in title 
272. For notices of the life and works of Seutter, consult title 317. 

1732 

" Carta de la Bahia del Espiritu Santo de las Provincias de las Xuevas 
Filipinas que dexo observada Don Melchor de Media ViUa y Ascona 
en 10 de Abril de 1732", &c. 41 x 31 cms. Ms. Unsigned. 
Anonymous. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 67; Caj. 5; 

Leg. 6. Remitted by the Viceroy of Mexico, the Marquis de las 

Amarillas, -svith letter no. 14 of Nov. 1, 1732 and with a "testimonio 

de autos" upon the erection of new missions in the "Provincia de 

los Texas." No. 126 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." 

Tomo 1. 332 

Note . — For reference to Agustin de Ahumada y Villalon, marques de la AmarUlas, 

who died in 1760, consult H. H. Bancroft's History of Mexico, t. S, p. 360. 

For Media Villa, consult Bancroft's History oi North mexican states, v. 1, p. 619. 

Consult also Antonio Bonilla's Brief compendium, p. 37, in the Quarterly of the 

Texas state historical association, July 1904- For further information relating 

to this bay, consult titles 307 and 309. 

1732 
Anville, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d', 1697-1782. 

Carte de la Louisiane Par le S!' d'Anville Dressee en Mai 1732 
Publiee en 1752. Guill ? De la Haj-e. 92.3 x 51.5 cms. 

Extends from 29° N. lat. to 32° 50' N. lat. and from Apalachicola 
River in the East to Nachitoches in the West. wl 333 

Note. — This map is also described in the various editions of An\-ille's atlases 

described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 

Consult an article on this map liy Henrj' Sale Halbert, with small reproduction, 

in the Mississippi historical society. Publications, 1900, v. 3, pp. 367-371. 

For references to the life and works of d'An\-ille, consult title 326. 



264 LIBKARY OF CONGRESS 

1733 

Delisle, Guillaume, 1G75-1720. 

America Scptentrionalis, Concinnati juxta Observationes Dnn. 
AcademiiB Regalis Scientiarum et nonnuUorum aliorum, et juxta 
annotationes recentissimas Per G. de I'lsle, Geographum. Venalis 
prostat Augustas Vindelic: apud lohali Frid: Probst, Haered. 
leremiae Wolffii, N. 5. 60.3 x 45.5 cms. wl 334 

Note. — This is a latin translation of Delisle's map of 1700 described in title 247. 

For other editions consult titles 264, 268, 335, 442, and 625. 

For information relating to. the life and works of Delisle consult title 247. 

The Library of Congress has two impressions of this latin edition of Delisle's 

map, both containing the " Annotatio" below the "Scalx." One copy has the 

imprint "apud Tobiam Conr: Lotter Calcographum." The other is in Tobiaa 

Conrad Lotter's Atlas novus, 1756f This impression has the imprint "apud 

Tobiam Conr. Lotter Geogr. et Calcogr." The original edition of 1700 has the 

" Avertissement " in a cartouche under the scale. The latest date found in this 

atlas is 1740 in the cartouche to the map entitled "Borussix Regnum." The 

following are reasons for dating this atlas as above: 

Matthaus Seutter died in 1756. One son Albrecht Carl, and two daughters 

survived him. One of these daughters married Tobias Conrad Lotter in 1740; 

the other married Georg Balthazar Probst, the engraver. The firm, after 

Seutter's death was continued for a short time by his son, Lotter and Probst. 

The son died and Probst retired leaving Lotter the head of the firm. T. C. 

Lotter was bom in 1717 and worked for Seutter from the time he married his 

daughter. His son, Matthaus Albrecht Lotter. born 1741, succeeded his father 

in 1777. 

Nagler, in his Kunstler lexicon, gives a notice of a Johann Balthasar Probst, 

b. 1673, d. 1748, who was a pupil of J. Wolff, whose daughter he married. Jere- 

mias Wolff died at Augsburg in 1724 in the 51st year of his age. 

This edition contains the "Ava-lissemeiit" , or in latin "Annotatio'-, in a car- 

touche underneath the scale. 

1733? 

Delisle, Guillaume, 1675-1726. 

L'Amerique Septentrionale Dressee sur les Observations de M" 
de I'Academie Royale des Sciences. & quelques autres, & sur les 
Memoires les plus r^cens. Par G. de I'lsle. A Amsterdam Chez 
I. Covens & C. Mortier. Avec Privilege. 58 x 45 cms. Colored 
outlines. 2 cartouches. Undated. 

In his "Atlas Nouveau. Amsterdam, J. Covens & C. Mortier 
[1741?] Latin title: "America Septentrionalis in Suas Prsecipuas 
Partes Divisa, ad usum Serenissimi Burgundise Ducis", exterior to 
above measurements. Date of P. Lee Phillips in List of Maps of 
America, p. 569. See his maps with same title: Chez Pierre 
Mortier, ca. 1705; Amsterdam, chez Pierre Schenk, 1708; Amster- 
dam, chez R. & J. Ottens, ca. 1760; and with Latin title, Augustae 
Vindelicorum apud Tobiam Conr. Lotter, ca. 1780. wl 335 

Note. — For a description of the atlas from which this map is taken, consult 

Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, tille 596. 



THE LOWEKY COLLECTION 265 

For information relating to the first edition of this map vdth references to the 
life and writings of Delisle, consult title 247. 

Consult titles 264, 268, 334, 442, and 625 for other impressions. The same map 
is found in Delisle's Atlas nouveau dated 1733; consult Phillips' List of Geo- 
graphical Atlases, title 3S0. 
This impression does not contain the " Avertissenunt ." 

1733? 

Schenk, Pieter, 1645-1715. 

America Septentrionalis. Novissima (in a cartouche) America 
Mcridionalis. accuratissima. P Schenk ex: AmstelcEcl: cumPrivil. 
(in a 2d cartouche) 56 x 48 cms. In colors. Undated. 

P. Schenk's date is 1690-1733. wl 336 

Note. — This map is taken from "Atlas minor sire geographia compendiosa, qua 
orbis terrarum per paucas attamen novissimas tabulas oslenditur Amsielasdami ex 
officina Nicolai Visscher. — Atlas complet contcnant toutes Us cartes geographiques 
du mrnide, receuillies, des meilleurs auteurs, et assemblees d'une manierre abregee 
par Nicolas Visscher. A Amsterdam chez la veve de Nicolas Visscher, avec privilege 
des N. S. les Etais Generaux." 

A copy of this atlas, the latest date of which is 1717 contained in one of the 
maps, is in the collection of the Library of Congress and will be described in 
the Supplemental List of Geographical Atlases. 

It is based upon the map of N. Visscher entitled: " Novisdma et accuratissima 
totius Americx descriptio," an impression of which is found in his "Atlas con- 
tractus orbis terrarum" published previous to 1675. 

This was reproduced with the title; "Novissima et accuratissima totius Americse 
descriptio per F. de Wit Amstelodami." Consult title 499 in Phillips' List of 
Geographical Atlases, under 1688? 

Another map similar to this without date is entitled: "Novissima et accura- 
tissima totius America: descriptio per loannem de Ram" Consult title 198 for 
references to the life and works of Pieter Schenk. 

1733 
Popple, Henry, d. 1743. 

A Map of the British Empire in America with the French, and 
Spanish Settlements adjacent thereto by Hen. Popple. 49 x 49.7 
cms. 1 cart. Undated. 

Exterior to measurements: America Septentrionahs. This map 
which is the key to the larger one shows Florida and New Mexico. 
In u. 1. h, cor. 2 inset views of FaUs of Niagara & Mexico. In 
u. r. h. cor. 2 inset views of Quebec & New York. On r. h. a 
margin of 18 small maps among which is St. Augustme. 17 x 15 
cms. Lc 337 

Note. — Consult title 338 for references to this map and its maker. 

1733 
Popple, Henry, d. 1743. 

A Map of the British Empire m America with the French and 
Spanish Settlements adjacent thereto, by Henry Popple. C. 
Lempriere inv. & del. B. Baron sculp. 232 x 239 cms. Undated. 
Index map and 20 sheets. 



266 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Popple, Henry — Continued. 

Shows all of Florida peninsula, Gulf of Mexico, New Mexico. 
Among a series of vignettes on the r. h. border is: "Harbour of 
St. Augustine." 7.5 x 7.5 cms. See Cartographie de la Louisiane 
par R. Thomassy. Nouvelle Orleans, 1856. p. 217. lc 338 

Note. — The Library of Congresa has two impressiona of this map with the 
same date 1733, and a third imperfect impression. One impression has on the 
border to the title sheet: "Sold by S: Harding on the Pavement in S' 
Martins Lane, and by W. H. Toms Engraver in Union Court near Hatton 
Garden Holborn. Price in sheets . . . £1: lis: 6d, Bound £1: 16s: 6d, On 
Rollers(S:CoIoar'd£2: 12s: Gd." On the last sheet, " London Engrav'd by Will"? 
Henry Toms 1733." The imperfect impression differs from this impression 
only in having on the border: "Sold at Stephen Austen's Book Seller in 
Newgate Street & by Tho! Willdey at the great Toy Shop in S! Pauls Church 
Yard, London ..." 

The third impression has no border imprint, but on sheet no. 20, has: "London 
Engrav'd by Will? Henry Toms & R. W. Searle, 1733." 
For index sheet consult title 337. For french edition consult title 340. 
Winsor, in his Narrative and critical history oj America, v. 5, p. SI, states that 
this map was issued in 1732 and reissued in 1733 and 1740. In ji. 474, he 
states also that the ma. draft dated 1727 ia in the British Museum, manuscripts 
no. 23,615, (folio 72) 

On sheet 20 of this map there is a certificate signed by Edmund Halley to 
this effect: 

"Mr. Popple undertook this map with the Approbation of the Right Honour- 
able the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations; and great Care has 
been taken by comparing all the Maps, Charts, and Observations that could be 
found, especially the Authentick Records & Actual Surveys transmitted to 
their Lordships, by the Governors of the British Plantations, and Others, to 
correct the many Errors commited in former Maps, and the Original Drawing 
of This having been shewn to the Learned Dr. Edmund Halley, Professor of 
Astronomy in the University of Oxford, and F. R. S. he was pleased to give 
his Opinion of it in the Words following: 

"I hare seen the above-mentioned Map, which as far as I am Judge, seems to have 
been laid down with great Accuracy, and to shew the Position of the different Provinces 
& Islands in that Part of the Globe more truly than any yet extant. 

Edmund Halley." 
A prospectus is attached to the first impression, described in this note, entitled: 
"Contents of Mr. Popple's map of America, Done from the latest, and most correct, 
Draughts and Surveys, transmitted to the Right Honourable the Lords Commis- 
sioners for Trade and Plantations: It is laid down from the 5th to the 55th 
Degree of North Latitude, and therein comprehends the several British Planta- 
tions and Colonies; of Newfoundland, Nova-Scotia, New-England, Connecticut, 
New- York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North and South 
Carolina and Georgia; with their respective Limits and Boundaries. Also the 
Settlements of the French along the extensive Lakes and River of St. Lawrence; 
in Canada, and the great River Missisippi in Louisiana. The Coasts and 
Colonies settled, or claimed by the Spaniards, from St. Augustine in Florida, 
round by the Gulf of Mexico; the Bay of Honduras; and the Isthmus of Darien, 
to the River Oronoque; with their Inland Territoriea back to the South-Sea, 
and ending with the Dutch Colony of Surinam, Exhibiting likewise the 
Islands of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, the Caribbee, and other Islands in the 
West-Indian Seas. To these are added large and particular Draughts of the 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 267 

Harbours and Places most rfimarkable for Trade and Commerce in that part 
of the World; viz. the Islands of Rarbadoes, Antegoaand Bermudas; the several 
Harbours ot Port-Royal in Martinica; Kingston, and Port-Antonio in Jamaica; 
Havana, and St. Jago in Cuba; Providence, in the Bahama Islands; St. Augus- 
tine in Florida; Charles-Town in South-Carolina; Placentia in Newfound-Land- 
Annapolis-Royal in Nova-Scotia; Boston in New-England; and New- York, in 
the Province of that Name; All carefully survey'd and laid down, with the 
Shoals, Soundings and Depths of Water mark'd, tor the better Direction of 
Mariners, in sailing into, and out of, the said Harbours. Embellished also 
with curious ^'iews in Perspective, of the Cities of Mexico, New- York, and 
Quebec, and the Waterfal of the famous Cataract of Niagara in Canada. All 
which shews its Usefulness to the Four great Trading Nations of Europe and 
all others concem'd in Commerce with, or who would attain any tolerable Idea, 
of the European Acquisitions in North-America. 

"The Map is sold by S. Harding, on the Pavement in St. Martin's-Lane; W. H. 
Toms, in Union-Court, near Hatton-Garden Holboum; J. Bowles, in Comhill 
and T. Bowles, in St. Paul's Church-Yard; S. Birt, in Ave-Mary Lane, near 
Ludgate-Street; and by J. Leake and Frederick at Bath." 
In an obituary notice in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1743 it is stated that 
"At Bordeaux Henrj" Popple, Esq., formerly Cashier to the late Queen and 
agent to several regiments" died September 27, 1743. 

A one-sided review of this map of Popple is the following taken from The 
memorials oj the english and french commissaries concerning the limMs oj Nova 
Scotia or Acadia. London, 1155, pp. 277-27S: 

"As to Mr. Popple's Map, the French Commissaries have no other Authority 
from any Circumstances attending the Publication of that Map, for supposing 
that it was made under the Inspection or Patronage of the Board of Trade, 
or for representing ilr. Popple as a Person whose Situation should give addi- 
tional Credit to it; than that Mr. Popple has said in the Margin of his Map, 
that he undertook that Work with the Approbation of the Lords Commissioners 
of Trade and Plantations, who might very well approve o/ such an Undertaking 
but who never superintended or approved of Mr. Popple's Manner of executing 
it. ilr. Popple inserted this marginal Note merely to secure a better Recep- 
tion to his Work; he does not pretend in it, that the then Board of Trade had 
never approved ot anything farther than the Undertaking, his Map was framed 
according to his own particular Notions; he published it upon his own single 
Authority; the Board of Trade at the Time gave it no extraordinary Sanction. 
It is inconsistent with the very Records it pretends to have copied; it came 
into the World as the Performance of a single Person; it has ever been thought 
in Great Britain to be a very incorrect Map, and has never in any Negociation 
between the two Crowns been appealed to by Great Britain, as being correct, 
or a Map of any Authority. 

"But if the French Commissaries could make this Map to have been the Work 
of a Servant of the English Government directed at the time by the Board of 
Trade, what Evidence could they draw from it, of any Effect in the present 
Discussion? " 

1733 

Prudhom Heyder Butron y Muxia, Gabriel de. 

Provincia tie la Xueba Andaluzia de San Juan Baptista de Sonora 
delineada por el Capp? de Cau".' D? Gabriel de Prudhom Heyder 
Butr on y Muxia Baron de Hej'der Gravoshing Goldakre quieu per 
mrd del Rey, la governo 8 anos y fundo en la Pimeria Alta, el 



268 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Prudhom Heyder Butron y Muxia, Gabriel de — Continued. 
Pueblo y R! del Arizonat. 13 de Abril 1733. 38.5 x 26.7 cms. 
Ms. 

Original in Acad, de fa Hist. Madrid. Col. BoturLni, t° 16. 
bet. fols. 103-104. It gives the Gila region with its Rancherias. 
Small legends, which cannot be reduced. It precedes an account 
of Sonora written in 1730 by a Jesuit Father. 339 

Note. — For information relating to Sonora, consult the following works: 

(1) Hubert Howe Bancroft's History of Ike north mexkan states, 1884, v. 1, 
pp. 492-54T- In a note to p. 517, he makes a reference to the above map in 
which he says "In my ms. copy of torn. x\'i of the Archive general in Mexico, 
in connection with the Sonora, Descrip. Geog., of 1764, is a map bearing the 
date of April 13, 1733, and the title: Provincia de la Nueva Andalucia" [as 
given above] 

(2) Rudo eusayo, tentativa de una prevencioual descripdon geograpkica de la 
provincia de Sonora, sus terminos y confines; 6 mejor, coleccion de materiales para 
hacerla quien lo supiere mejor . . . Dirigida al remedio de ella, par un amigo del 
Men comun. [edited by Buckingham Smith] San Augustin de la Florida: aiio 
de 1863 [Albany, printed by J. Munsell] 

(3) Ortega, Jose. Ilistoria del Nayarit, Sonora, Sinaloay Ambas Califomias . . . 
Nueva edicion augmenta con un prdlogo escrito par el sr. Lie. Mexico, tipografia de 
E. Abadiano, 1887. 

(4) Velasco, Jose Francisco. Noticias estadislicas del estado de Sonora . . . 
Mexico, imprenta de Ignacio Cumplido, 1850. 

(5) Pfefferkom, Ignaz. Beschreibung dcr Inndachaft Sonora. 2 v. 8°. K6ln, 
1794- At the end of v. 1, is a map 17 J x 14 inches without title, describing the 
provinces of Sonora, Ostimuri and Lower California. In the bottom right 
hand corner is: "C. Du Puis ofBcier fecit." 

The introduction states: 

"Diese Landcharte ist durch die allgemeine Uebereinstimmung aller sono- 
rischen Missionarien theils verfertiget, theils genehmiget, imd so gut befunden 
worden, dasz wir auf den oftmaligen Reisen durch das Land tms derselben 
ohne zu irren bedient haben." 

(6) Garcfe, Francisco. On the trail of a Spanish pioneer; the diary of Francisco 
Garces in his travels through Sonora, Arizona, and California 1775-1776. 
Translated from an official contemporaneous copy of the original Spanish manu- 
script, and edited, with copious critical notes by Elliott Cones ... 2v. 8°. Aew 

York, F. P. Harper, 1900. 

The various "Missions" in these provinces are given and in the portion relating 

to Lower California dates are found from 1734 to 174G. 

In 1730 a report was made by Pedro de Rivera to the viceroy, entitled "Estado 

de la provincia de Sonora con el catdlogo de sus pueblos ..." Consult H. H. 

Bancroft's North american states, v. 1 . p. 512-513. 

1734? 
Popple, Henry, d. 1743. 

Nouvelle Carte Particuliere de I'Am^rique oil sont exactement 
marquees les Provinces suivantes comme la Caroline m6ridionale, 
la Floride, la Louisiane, le Mexique, le Jucatan, le Guatimala, le 
Darien, & une Partie do Cuba. (This title on plate exterior to 
frame) In cartouche witliui the frame: A Map of the British 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 269 

Empire in America with the French, Spanish and Hollandish 
Settlements adjacent thereto by Henry Popple, at Amsterdam 
Printed for lohn Covens and Cornelius Mortier. Plate including 
French title 52.5 x 60.3 cms. Frame 52.5 x 57 cms. 

In Delisle (G.) Atlas Nouveau. Amsterdam, J. Covens & C. 
Mortier [1741?] The date of the Atlas is that given by P. Lee 
Phillips in A List of Maps of America, p. 569. wl 340 

Note. — For a description of the atlas in which this map is found consult Phillips' 

List of Geographical Atlases, title 596. 

The insets and plans of cities and harbors in the original Popple map of 1733 

are on separate sheets in this french edition. 

A reduced copy of this map is described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, 

title 6S6, no. 76. 

This title is simply the index sheet of the whole map. For references to the 

english impression and references to Popple, consult title 338. 

1735? 

Keulen, Joannes van, 1654-1704. 

Pas kaart. Van West Intlien Behelsende soo Deszelffs Vaste 
Kusten als d' Onder behoorende Eylanden aan de Noord Of.eaan 
door Vooght Geometra. t' iiinsterdam By Johannes van Keulen 
Boek en Zee kaart Verkoper en Graadboogh maaker aande Niewe- 
brugh inde Gekroonde Lootsman Met Privilegie Voor 15 laaren. 
58 X 51 cms. 1 cartouche. Undated. 

The date is that of Muller & co. Amsterdam. wl 341 

Note. — This map first appeared in Claea Jansz Voogt's La nueva, y gramle 

relumhrante antorcha de la mar . . . Amsterdam, J. van Keulen [1700?]; consult 

Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 530. 

This impression without change is taken from C. J. Voogt's De nieuwe groote 

liehtende zee-fahhel . . . Amsterdam, G. IT. van Keulen, 1782; consult Phillips' 

List of Geographical Atlases, title 1170. 

Consult titles 299 and 236 for references to Keulen and Voogt. 

1736 
Evia, Simon de. 

Piano y descricion (sic) de la Probincia de la Luociana (sic) en 
la Costa del N'.'' del Seno mexicano, Nombrada asi por Luis Dezimo 
quarto Key de Fracia, de cuya nacion es dicha Probincia; Es toda 
tierra pantanosa de muchas Lagunas E tempte Nada proposio; y 
confina al N'.* con las Cienegas de Canada Donde Desagua el Rio 
de Misipipi (sic) Nombrado por los Espaiioles de la Palisada. 
Delmeado Por Simon de Evia (?) ano de 1736. Ms. 52.5 x 35.5 
cms. 

Original in Biblioteca Nacional. Madrid. Sec. de Bellas Artes. 
Dibujos Originales. Extends from the "entrada de pansalico" a 
little east of "R? perdido" to "Natchitocha" and "los tonicos" 
in the west on an unnamed branch of the Mississippi, — the Red 
River ? An interesting map. 342 



270 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1737? 
Arredondo, Antonio de. 

Piano de la entrada de. Gvaligvini Rio de S? Simon situado a 31 
Grados y 17 niin? de latitud Septentrional. Le dio a la S""'.* de 
Indias d? Manuel Joseph de Ayala. Ms. No date. No signature, 
61.5 X 40 cms. inclusive of legend (Florida) Map proper 45.5 x 
40 cms. 

Original in Dep. de la Guerra, Madrid. Arch, de Mapas. L. M. 

S^-P-a. N? 43. Shows Fuerte Frederico; Isla de Operavanas 6 

Ballenas; Rio que corre a la Barra de Ballenas; Camino p? . . . 

la Poblacion de Carenero, &c. wl 343 

Note. — A tracing of this map according to the original size is in the collection 

of the Library of Congress. 

The governor of Cuba sent don Antonio de Arredondo, royal engineer in the 
army of his majesty, the king of Spain, to St. Augustine for the purpose of 
examining and inspecting the fortifications and recommending measures for 
the best possible defense. This plan and the plans described in titles 344-349 
were evidently made to accompany his report. It is here copied from the ms. 
translation in the Library of Congress, which though full of errors is of suffi- 
cient interest to give in full. The Library has also his plan described in 
title 344, which measures 42^ x 86 inches. 

"To THE Governor: I must also inform you that from Cape Canaviral to 
further north of Carolina, not a stone is to be found, (except upon our own 
Island of Santa Anastasia of which I will speak further on) the whole tract being 
of a sandy soil, and that of the Islands of very small stones — The soil of the 
main land is compond partially of the same gravel, and pai'tly of thick lands — 
There are some very good clays, very suitable for the manufacture of brick and 
tiles — This being the only material that the English can use in building forti- 
fications, and more so when they have quite handy immence quantities of 
oyster shells to make lime with, which is the best and finest— superior to any 
other lime — 

"All the lands that I have seen are low and flat and abundant in pines, and some 
higher lands with cypress, oaks, ash, and other useful timbers— Also a variety 
of herbs, among them some of medicinal virtue— The country appears to be 
well stocked with horned catde and wild horses, and all sorts of game, such as 
deer, wild turkeys, and many sorts of feather birds — As far as water is con- 
cerned, it can be easily procured, as by digging a little, it is found very sweet 
and fresh, although muddy — 

"There are plenty furious leopards and poisonous snakes — 
" By the plan of San Agustin and its suburbs you have seen how exposed and 
defenceless is the condition of that city— The wall that siurounds it, if such 
can be called, is composed of Cactus and plants, as you have noticed— The 
Fort, which is built at the northern extreme of the city, is incapable of sustain- 
ing twenty-four hours of living, although its walls are in good condition and are 
thick and strong, yet the interior works are very much deteriorated, the rooms 
that form the lower part of the four bastions, are crumbling down owing to the 
joists being rotten— Those Bastions should be built upon regular stone arches— 
To this must be added that its accommodations are too small to shelter all the 
neighborhood in the event of an approach by the enemy — 
"And for this reason, as well as because it is unprotected on the land side, I have 
projected and ordered the building of a covered causeway, which will cover the 
Fort on that side, and will have accommodation for many people who seek its 



THE LOWEBY COLLECTION 271 

shelter — The construction of which will be at the expense of all the inhabitants 
of that city who have readily assented to it, being desirous of the preservation 
of that Fort, and protection of their families — Subject however, to the money 
being returned to them whenever II M. grants an appropiation for that pur- 
pose — All of which is of reccord in the proceedings of the Council of War, 
which for that purpose was held, at my suggestion, and which proceedings were 
approved and signed by the Governor — 

"The Island of Santa Anastasia is situated to the east of the city, which by its 
own shape on the west side forms the river and anchorage for vessels — The said 
Island is five leagues in length, by one and three quarters leagues in width — 
Its soil is of a sort of shell stone (coquina) of a very good quality and easily to be 
taken out, with the advantage that the sun and air hardens it — The solidity of 
which is proven by the walls of the Fort which are built of the same kind of 
stone — Xo other kind of stone is to be found anj-where within those provinces, 
as I have already said before — 

" In the centre of that Island there used to be a Chapel with its tower built of 
stone, which however had never been consacrated, built of the same kind of 
stone, which that Governor has transformed in a guard house, and as a look out, 
for which purpose he has had the tower elevated, from which, vessels coming 
to the Port or passing by are signalled — 

"To the extreme south point of that Island, the bar of Mantazas is situated, 
where there is a guard stationed but without any shelter whatsoever — This is 
abandoned to the insult of any class of enemies — That guard is intended to 
give ad\'ise of any vessel that may come in that direction, being in communica- 
tion with another bar, which is situated a league further south, named, Del 
Penon, where another guard is located, also without any means of defence — 
but with the same risks and duties of the others already mentioned — 
"Although it is true that the entrance to these bars are narrow and of little depth 
of water for vessels of large draught, yet \\-ith eight feet of water that they have, 
it is quite sufficient for small vessels — Hence I judge it necessary that on both 
of these bars, a lookout tower be built, with the necessary defence and protec- 
tion for the guards thereof, for the better ser\-ice of the object intended — 
" In regard to the frontiers, I have already mentioned to you how far our limits 
should be extended, the lands of which, owing to their ha\-ing been abandoned 
by the Spaniards and never inhabited by them have been easily gotten posses- 
sion of by the English, as far as the river San Juan itself — So that, at present, 
even if I do not wish to, I can only give the title of frontiers to the limits of the 
said river San Juan — As from it to the South, on the coast, we derive no bene- 
fit—In regard to this matter, I must say to you, that the said river is of great 
importance— In some places it has a width of three quarters of a league, and 
na^-igable owing to the depth of its channel — which varies between four, three 
and a half and three fathoms of water, and communicable as far as Cape Viz- 
caino in the Bahama channel, although vrith much less water on that part, and 
only navigable for canoes and flat pirogues — That river is entirely defenceless, 
and has been explored by all sorts of sailors — Beginning at its mouth or bar, of 
the same name, which is only protected by a hut built of palmetto, four yards 
in length by two and a half in width, and so delapidated that it is painful to 
look at it, and in which four cavalry soldiers with their horses are posted — who 
attend to guard duty weekly — Under this understanding, and it being so 
important the guarding of the said mouth and bar which has a depth of from 
eighteen to 20 feet of water, besides being a secure harbor, and from which the 
enemy might attack by land the city of San Agustin, I have projected the 
building of a closed batterj- with eight guns, with corresponding quarters for a 
force of thirty men, and other accessories according to the location which I left 
marked out, as you will see by the plan of the same — 



272 LTBRAKY OF CONGRESS 

Arredondo, Antonio de — Continued. 

"I have also examined the creek of Santa Cruz which runs between the main 
land and the Island of San Juan, from southwest to south, emptying into the 
main river, opposite the ravines of San Mateo (according to the course and 
reckoning brought by Maekey in the year 1702 and one Palma in the year 1728 
when they came to besiege San Agustin) — Really it is a most suitable place 
for an enemy to penetrate through, unobserved, as on our side it is deserted; 
a grave inconvenience, which in my opinion must be remedied and which can 
easily be done — 

" Further up the river, about six leagues from the aforesaid ravines, there is a 
narrow road called San Nicolas, and a similar one still further up called San 
Geronimo, both of which are ordinarily used by the Indians, infidels, and 
enemies, to come, as they do at their pleasure, to harrass the Spaniards, or the 
Indians of our devotion, without anyone being able to prevent it, as it is every 
day experienced — 

" Further to the south, southwest, at about 18 leag^ies from the mouth of the bar, 
and at about eight from the city of San Agustin, on each side of the river, there 
is a sentry box built of boards, eight feet in diameter, named respectively 
5upe and Picolata, both of them surrounded by a palisade, very small and 
light — I saw them myself, and I can vouch that they are ready to crumble 
down owing to the supports being completely rotten, at the lower part — So 
that it can easily be seen how unfit they are to show the least resistence or 
defence against even a small force — Not only on account of their defective 
construction and size, but also on account of their delapidated Condition — 
Each one is garrisoned by a squad of eight men, hardly large enough to hold 
them — There are also two Swivel guns which are used to protect the courriers 
and the passengers who go and come from Apalache by land, (as it can be seen 
on the plan) while they cross the river from one side to the other on piroques, as 
they are often harassed by the Indians while in the act of crossing — 
"Finally, I beg to inform you that on the margins and environs of all the juris- 
diction that has remained free from the English, there is an abundance of large 
and tall trees, and all very useful for the construction of houses and vessels — 
Also any amount of wild fruit-s — Plain and smooth roads, but difficult in some 
places — Very sweet waters and very clear clayish soil, — chalky and of other 
qualities — 

"I reccomend that twelve guns be sent from here to that city, with triplicate 
ammunition and equipments, to form flying batteries wherever they may be 
needed — together with a large quantity of powder, — a supply of the two sizes 
of balls — for the guns — and musket balls — rope, fuses, and other corresponding 
utensils — Also some fire works to be used in setting fire to the fences and houses 
if it becomes necessary — Blue and red cloth — Shirts, — hats — pipes — combs — 
mirrors — knives — bullet moulds — shotguns — leaf tobacco — honey — and some, 
but very little whiskey,— to gratify the Indians, not only the friendly ones, 
but those who may join us hereafter, besides paying them sepai-ately for the 
work thay may have done — 

"Commissaries should be appointed to attend and look after the ecconomy and 
distribution of every article, with a separate account of each, and everything 
to be under the care and command of a person who shall be competent and 
experienced — The said Commissaries to be strong and robust, experienced by 
land and sea and capable of enduring the fatigues of the ardous labors that 
they will encounter — With power to act by themselves owing to the remoteness 
of the resources — 

" But, well understood that all the aforesaid is based upon the consideration of 
the present situation — 



THE LOWERY COLLECTIOX 273 

"Under the aforesaid basis and preparations that are necessary, an idea can be 
formed of the manner in vrhich the operations must be carried out — if by sea 
or by land — or if both ways at the same time — 

"Obser\-ins, however, that if done by land, it will always be necessary to have 
a number of small boats, for the communication and crossing of the rivers and 
creeks, as they appear marked on the plans — If on the contrary it should 
become necessary to carry tlie operations both ways at the same time, the 
limit of my knowledge does not authorize me to offer any suggestions, as I 
cannot foresee the dispositions that may become necessary — 
' ' In accordance with several points of my statement, I am of opinion that if it 
were possible for the two Crowns to come to an understanding in order to deter- 
mine their respective boundaries, disputing each one, its rights with proper 
allgations, and in terms of a compromise — If such a thing were possible, or 
it there was any chance of obtaining it in a favorable way, and quickly, I 
should be of opinion that, that course be adopted as the most proper — easy 
and less expensive, and more sure — Even admitting that we would be vic- 
torious, and should succeed in driving the English from their possessions — 
" It is also necessary to foresee the grave consequences — That is, the required 
fortifications of the frontiers and necessary garrisons to preserve those pos- 
sessions once acquired by us — And other pro\-inces which require serious 
thought, and about which a separate report is necessary, which I shall be able 
to formulate if it becomes necessary, by virtue of all my observations — 
"This is all what I have the honor the communicate to you — 
Havana November 27 — 1736. 

" The vessel ha\Tng been detained at this port by bad weather, I have had time 
to finish the map of the Coast, which being very important in order to convey 
a correct knowledge of that country, as also for a better imderstanding of this 
Statement, I place in your hands — 

"And availing myself of the opportimity of this new dispatch boat, which 
coming from the Main land, goes straight to Spain, I also place in your hands, 
the plan of San Agustin de la Florida and its en^dron3 on a large scale — And 
that of the Castle, with its profile — Also a duplicate of the map of the coast — 
The particular one of the port of Federico, or river San Simon — That of the 
projected battery, which I left arranged to be built at the mouth of the river 
San Juan — 
Havana 22d of January— 1737 

Don Antonio de Arredondo. 

The Librarj' of Congress has besides this copy the following manuscripts which 
more or less relate to St. Augustine: 

"A. D. 1736. 

(a) A letter from Gen. Oglethorpe to the Engineer tendering him the use of 
his sloop in order to visit San Simon and be comfortable. 

Don Diego Oglethorpe." 

(b) Gen. Oglethorpe goes to St. George to meet Engineer Arredondo. 

Don Diego Oglethorpe." 
"A. D. 1738. 

Arrangements being made to found other settlements in Florida. San Mateo 
well located by natiu-e. Rules for the division of lands, and the supplies of 
each settler. 

Don Antonio Arredondo, 

Royal engineer." 
"A. D. 1742. 

The diary of Don Antonio de Arredondo, chief Engineer who sailed from 
Havana to make an attack on the English settlers who were on the coast ot 
85241°— :! 2 18 



274 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Arredondo, Antonio de — Continued. 

Florida. The English open fire on them at sea. The Indians assist the 
Spaniards from the shore when the English surrender and are taken prisoner. 
Other attacks from the enemy in which the Spaniards are victorious. 

Don Antonio de Arredondo 
Chief Engineer of the Government." 
"A. D. 1743. 

Suggestions in regard to fortifying St. Augustine. Matanzas Bar without a 
defence. New works to be placed from the Fort to the San Sebastian. The 
men now in service not to be trusted. Need of more funds. 

Don Antonio Arredondo 

Royal Engineer." 
1737 
Arredondo, Antonio de. 

Plan de la Ciiidad de San Agustin de la Florida y sus contomos, 
situada en la altura septentrional de 29 grados y 50 minutos, 
Havana 15 de Mayo de 1737. 215 x 110 cms. Ms in colors. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 87; Caj. 1; 
Leg. 2. (2) By the engineer D. Antonio de Arredondo, with a 
memorial by the same with description of the map and of the new 
city. No. 132 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tonic 1. 

LC 344 

Note. — A tracing of this plan is in the collection of the Library of Congress. 
For a reproduction of this " Memorial' ' consult title 343. 

1737 
Arredondo, Antonio de. 

"Perfil que i)asa por la linea de puntos A. B.," del Piano de la 
Cuidad de San Agustin de la Florida remitido por su autor, el 
ingeniero Don Antonio de Arredondo en 15 de Mayo de 1737. 
36 X 21 cms. Ms. in colors. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 87; Caj. 1; 
Leg. 8 (3) No. 133 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." 
Tomo 1. LC 345 

Note. — ^A tracing of this according to the original size is found in the collection 
of the Library of Congress. Consult also title 343. "Perfile B" found at the 
top of left-hand corner. 

1737 
Arredondo, Antonio de. 

Piano del castillo de S. Marcos de la Florida. Hava"na 15 de 
Mayo de 1737. 73 x 66 cms. Ms. in colors. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 87; Caj. 1; 
Leg. 2. (4) Transmitted by its maker, Don Antonio de Arredondo 
together with a report (utforme) of even date upon the fortifica- 
tions of St. Augustine, Florida. No. 134 in Lanzas, "Mapas de 
Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. lc 346 

Note. — ^A tracing of this map ^^^th "Piano C ' at top, according to the original 

size, is found in the collection of the Library of Congress. 

Consult also title 343. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 275 

1737 
Arredondo, Antonio de. 

"Piano del Castillo de San Marcos de la Florida con indicacion 
de las obras que convendria hacer en el. Havana 15 de Mayo de 
1737" por D. Antonio de Arredondo. 85 x 67 cms. Ms. in colors. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 87; Caj. 1; 
Leg. 2 (5) Accompanies an " informs " of even date upon the 
fortifications of St. Augustine, Florida. No. 135inLanzas,"Mapas 
de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. lc 347 

Note. — A tracing according to the original size is in the collection of the 

Library of Congress. Consult also title 343. 

1737 
Arredondo, Antonio de. 

"Piano y proyecto del reducto que se dcve construir en la boca 
del Rio de San Jvxin. Havana 15 de Mayo de 1737 " por D. Antonio 
Arredondo. 44 x 37 cms. Ms. in colors. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 87; Caj. 1; 
Leg. 2 (5) With a report of even date upon the fortifications of 
St. Augustine, Florida and an exjilanation. No. 136 in Lanzas, 
"Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. lc 348 

Note. — A tracing called "Piano D" according to the original size is found in 
the collection of the Librajy of Congress. Consult also title 343. 

1737 
Arredondo, Antonio de. 

"Piano de la entrada de Gualquini Rio de San Simon, situado 
en 31 grados de altura del polo Septentrional. (En Florida) 
Havana 15 de Mayo de 1737." 73 x 44 cms. Ms. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 87; Caj. 1; 
Leg. 2 (1) Transmitted by its maker the engineer Don Antonio 
de Arredondo with letter of even date. No. 131 in Lanzas, "Mapas 
de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. 349 

Note.— Consult title 343. 

1738? 

Carte de la Province de la Loiiissianne (sic) Autrefois dit Le 
!Missisipy. Ms. 72 x 46.3 cms. in colors. Unsigned, undated. 
Anonymous. 

Original in Archives Nationales, Paris. Includes from 26° N. 

lat. to 51°, and from a little east of Pensacola to a little west of the 

Mississippi; showing only the extreme western end of West Florida. 

Dates in the legends are 1736, 1738. wl 350 

Note. — This map also ahows "Fort espagnole dite Pensacolle." 



276 LIBEAKY or CONGRESS 

1738 
Olano, Pedro Ruiz de. 

Piano y Perfil del nuevo Fortin de S" Francisco de Pupo, situado 
en la Orilla del Norte del Rio S? Juan, siete leguas del Presidio de 
S? Agustin de la Florida. D. Pedro Ruiz de Olano S' Agustin de 
la Florida y octubre 25 de 1738. Ms. 40.3 x 31.7 cms. 

Original in Dep. de la Guerra. Madrid. Arch, de Mapas. 
L. M. S^-P-a-No. 26. Of interest on account of its title only. 
On plan is "Camino que va & sn. Narcos de Apalache." It is a 
tower-like structure of hewn logs. 351 

KoTE.— Consult title 363. 

1739 

Piano de la Bahia de Pansacola, en el seno mexicano en treinta 
grados, latitu, y 288 grados 55 minutos longitud. Sacose del 
Expediente sobre fortificar esta Bahia actuado ano de 1739. Ms. 
42.3 X 30.5 cms. Unsigned. Anonymous. 

Original in Dep. de la Guerra. Madrid. Arch, de Mapas. 
L. M. S-'-l'^-a-No. 15. 352 

1739 
C, T. 

A chart of the Bahama Islands with a description of the Gulf of 
Florida and Windward Passage, &c. . . . By T. C. 19 x 30.5 
cms. Undated. 

In A description of the Windward Passage, and Gulf of Florida 
[anon.] 2d ed. with additions. London, J. Applebee, 1739. lc 353 

Note. — A copy of this work containing the map is in the Library of Congress. 
The first edition was evidently published the same year. 

1739 
Renard, Lotiis. 

^lagnum Mare del Zur cum Insula California. — De Groote Zuyd- 
Zee en't Eylandt California. (And near margm) Gedruckt 't 
Amsterdam by L. Renard. 56.5 x 49 cms. Undated. 

Shows the California Peninsula as an island. New Mexico and 
Arizona are not shown. wl 354 

Note. — This map with "fol. 22" in upper right-hand comer may be taken 

from the 1715 or 1739 editions of Louis Renard 's Atlas de la navigation. It 

was also found without the folio in the dutch edition of 1745. 

For a description of this atlas consult Phillips'ii'st of Geographical Atlases, titles 

659, 592, 601. 

See a notice of the works of Renard, in P. A. Tide's Nederlandsche bibliographie 

van land- en volken-kunde . . . Amsterdavi, 1S84, p. 202; also in David Bierens 

de Ilaan's Bibliographie nfcrlandaise historique-scientifique des ouvrages impor- 

tants . . . Rome, 1S8S, p. 232. 

The edition of 1715 is reviewed in; 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 277 

Journal des s^avans. 171S. 16°. Amslerdam, 1715. v. 57, pp. 168-177, 
which contains a numerical list of the maps. 

Le Clerc, Jean. Bihliothlquc anciennc el modeme. 1715. 18°. Amsterdam^ 
1715. r. i, pt. i, pp. 30S-S17. " Cet ouvrago avoit 6t6 commence par Fr^d^ric 
de Wit, marchard de cartes a Amsterdam; mais comme il ne I'acheva point, 
lorsque son fonds Sf vendit, Francois Halma, achcta les cartes." 

1739 

Cloard, Charles. 

Map of East and West Florida engraved with a ms. addition 
from the Cape of Florida to and including the mouths of the Mis- 
sissippi with soundings and inscribed "Donnee par Charles Cloard 
Piloto en 1 739 les corrections et fonds sont de sa main." Ms. 26 x 
17.3 cms. 

Original in Dep. de la Marine. Ser^-. Hyd. Paris. 138-1-3. 

Lc 355 

Note. — A photographic reproduction of this map is in the coUectiou of the 
Library of Congress. 

Engraved portion of map bears a pen inscription, "moTceau de la carte de 
vanculen. ' ' 

1740? 

Golfe de Mexique. .56 x 44.3 cms. Without title, date or author. 

Brit. Mus. Cat. 79435 (1) says: [Amsterdam? 1740?] It shows 

the Gulf of Mexico west of Bay of St. Joseph, giving West Florida 

and Texas coast and from 19° to 31° north lat. WL 356 

Note. — This map in the British Museimi has no title or imprint. The cata- 
logue title as given above is derived from the lettering across the gulf, 1. e., 
"Golfe de ilerique." 
For a description of the complete map, consult titles 257 and 427. 

1740 

Map of the coast of Florida, from Talbot island to the mouth of 
the Musquitta river; with plan of St. Augustin, showing the posi- 
tion of gen. Oglethorpe's camp, &c. Ms. 140.5 x 48 cms. Col- 
ored, unsigned, undated. .Anonymous. 

Original in the Librar}- of Congress. Washington. Faden 
Collection. No. 43. lc 357 

XoTE. — This collection known as the Faden collection was originally collected 

by rev. mr. Cannse, of New Haven, somewhere between 1835 and 1840 and was 

purchased from Edward Everett Hale. 

The full title of the Catalogue as compiled by Edward Everett Hale, for the 

entire collection now in the Library of Congress, is as follows: 

"Catalogue of a curious and valuable collection of original maps and plans of 

military positions held in the old french and revolutionary wars; with plans of 

different cities, and maps of the country. Most of the^e are original manuscripts, 

drawn, at the time, by officers in the english army. This collection uas carefully 

made by an American gentleman who had access to the collection of William Faden, 



278 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Map of the coast of Florida — Continued. 

the King's Geographer. These plans had been collected by him in his duty of 
engraving for the English Government. Some of the maps are the drawings made 
for engraving, and are therefore simply manuscript duplicates of engraved maps 
well known. But most of the collection consists of detailed plans, collected by 
Faden, in the course of his long official experience, from different quarters. Few 
of them have ever been made public in any form. They furnish, therefore, mast 
valuable material for the illustration of American history. All the maps are manu- 
script drawings, unless noted as engravings. 

"The titles given by the authors are copied here, with additions marked in brackets. 
The measurements are in inches. Boston, dec. 17, 1862. IS pp. 8°. [Boston, 
J. Wilson & son, 1862]" 
William Faden died march 21, 1836, at Ihe age of 86. 

1740 

Buache, PhiUppe, 1700-1773. 

Carte d'une partie de rAmerique pour la Navigation des Isles 
et du Golfe du Mexique avec rinterieur des Terres depuis la Ber- 
mude jusqu'a Cayenne Partie Meridionale Reduite de la Carte 
Angloise en 20 feuilles par M!' Popple avec quelques Corrections et 
Augmentations par Phil. Buache en 1740. A Paris sur le Quay 
de la Megisserie pres le Pont Neuf avec Privilege de Roy. 92.5 x 
49.3 cms. 

In "Atlas Geographique des Quatre Parties du Monde par 
Guillaume de I'lsle et Phil. Buache . . . Revu et augments par 
Dezauche." A Paris (no date) vrL358 

Note. — A copy of this map is also found in the collection of maps by Delisle 

described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 636. 

Consult title 627 for the edition of 17S0. For the original Popple map consult 

title 338. For references to Phillipe Buache consult title 314. 

The Library of Congress hag two editions of the atlas mentioned in this title 

but neither contains this map. 

1740 

Homann heirs. 

D. Carolina nebst einem Theil von Florida. 27.3 x 20 cms. 
Undated. 

In Atlas Geographicus Major. Tomus 1. No. 141. It is one 
of four maps enclosed withui a Ime 55 x 50 cms. and having a 
general double title in Latin and m German: Dominia Anglorum 
in America Septentrionali Specialibus Mappis Londini primum a 
Mollio edita, nunc recusa ab Homannianis Hered . . . Die 
Gros-Britannische Colonic-Lsender, in Nord-America, in accuraten 
Special-Mappen nach den London Origlnalien getreulich mitge- 
theilt und heraufsgegeben von HomseTiischen Erben. Undated. 
Shows only N. part of Peninsula and limits of the English charters 
and claims. Sandler in "Die homiinnischen Erben" (pub. in 
Zeitschrift fiir Wissenschaftliche Geographic ... J. I. Kettler, 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 279 

Weimar, 1890. Band vii, p. 419, 422) gives [1740] the above 
date "nach Moil," wliere found, and 1763 as the date of publica- 
tion of the atlas. WL 359 

Note.— The earliest impression of this map in the Library of Congress is found 

in Homann'a Grosser atlas, 1737, described in Phillips' List of Geographical 

Atlases, title 5S6. The editions of the atlaa mentioned here are described 

in titles 622, 623, 624 of the same list. 

For references to the life and works of the Homanns consult the following: 

Biography. 

[In Will, Georg Andreas. Numhergisches gelehrten lexicon. 4°. Numberg, L. 

Schupfel, 1755, v. Z pp. 196-198] 

Eckardt, J. B. Deutsche kartenstecher und kartenverUge des 18. jahrhunderts. 

[In Borsenblatt fur den deutschen buchhandel. December, 1903. 4°. Leipzig, 

1903. V. 4, no. 281, pp. 10072-10077; no. 283, pp. 10177-10179; no 287, pp. 

10S43-10S44; no. SOI, pp. 10740-10743] 

Contents. 

1. J. B. Homann und seiner offizen. 

2. Die Augsburger kartenstecher und Homanns nachfolger. 

3. Homanns nachfolger femer. 

4. Schluss. 

Franz, Johann Michael. Abriss des reichsatlas oder einladungsharten zurteutschen 

staatserdbeschreibung, zum gebrauche der gottingischen geographischen vorlesungen 

eingerichtet nebst einem berichte von der art der ausfertigung dieses atlas und des- 

selben ersten theil. Leipzig, 1758. 

Quoted from: Allgemeine encyklopddie der loissenschaften und hUnste . . . 

Hrsg. von J. S. Ersch und J. G. Gruber. 4°. Leipzig, F. A. Brockhaus, 1848. 

V. 4S, p. 123. 

Franz, Johann Michael. Allgemeine abbildung des erdbodens, in 20 land- 

chartlein, fiir die anfanger in der geographic nebst einer vorangesetzten kurzen 

abhandlung ilber die angefiihrten landchartlein. Numberg, 1764- 

Quoted from: Allgemeine encyklopddie der wissenschaften und kiJmste . . . Hrsg. 

von J. S. Ersch und J. G. Gruber. 4°- Leipzig, F. A. Brockhaus, 1848. v. 48, 

p. 123. 

Franz, Johann Michael. Avertissement toudmnt la publication d'un grand atlas 

des cartes geographiques de toute V Allemagne, dresse par les heritiers dufeu geographe 

Homann a Nuremberg. 

Quoted from: Allgemeine encyklopddie der wissenschaften undkunste . . . Hrsg. 

vim J. S. Ersch und J. G. Gruber. 4°. Leipzig, F. A. Brockhaus, 1848. v. 48, 

p. 123. 

Fran z , Johann Michael . Homann' sche vorsch Idge von den ndthigen verbesserungen 

derweltbeschreibungswissenschaft, und einer dicsf alls beider Homann' schenhandlung 

zu errichtenden neuen academic Numberg, 1747 . 

Quoted from: Allgemeine encyklopddie der wissenschaften und kOnste . . 

Hrsg. von J. S. Ersch und J. G. Gmber. 4°. Leipzig, F. A. Brockhaus, 1848 

V. 48, p. 123. 

Franz, Johann Michael. Kurze nachricht von dem Homann'schen grossen land- 

kartenatlas, nebst einem, verzeichniss alter und jeder landkarten, und denen daraus 

zusammjengesetzten atlanten, welche bisher in der Homann'schen officin zum vor- 

schien gekommen {Niimberg, 1741) 

Quoted from: Allgemeine encyklopddie der wissenschaften und kunste . . 

Hrsg. ton J. S. Ersch und J. G. Gruber. 4°. Leipzig, F. A. Brockhaus, 1848. 

V. 4S, p. 123. 

[Review] 



280 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Hoinann — Continued. 

[In. Nova acta eruditorum, 1749. Suppkmenta. v. 6. pp. 217—218] 

Kurze nachricht von deu schlesischen atlas [Review] 

[In Hamburghisches magazin. Hamburg, G. C. Grand, 1752. v. 9, pp. 200-202] 

Memoir. By Brecher. 

[In Allgemeine deutsche biographie. 8°. Leipzig, 1881, v. 13, pp. 3.'>-S8] 

Nouvel atlas &c hoc est Novus atlas societatis cosmographiciae . . . 1748. 

[Review] 

[In Nova acta eruditorum. 1749. sm. 4°. Lipsse, 1749. pp. 191-196] 

Hauber, Eberhard David. Dr. E. D. Haubers gedancken und vorschlage, wie 

die . . . Historie der geographic, wie auch die . . . Geographische societal . . . 

zu stande gebracht iverden mochte, neben . . . einer erlauterung derer . . . iiber 

C. Gottschlings. Versueh einer historic der land-charten gefalleten urtheile in 

einem antwort-schreiben an denselben gezeiget, worinnen . . . die Homannische 

land-charten . . . vertheidiget werden. 2 pt. 8°. Wolffenbiittel , 1729-30. 

Notice of his life and writings by Baur in Ersch & Gruber: Allgemeine ennj- 

klopddie. 

Johann Baptista Homann [notice of his life and works] 

[In Doppelmayr, Johann Gabriel. Historische nachricht von den nurnbcrgischen 

mathematicis und hiinstlem. fol. Nurnberg, P. C. Monath, 1730, pp. 141-143] 

Johann Baptista Homann und seine erben bis 1761. 

[In Allgemeine geographische epherneriden. 8°. Weimar, 1801, v. 8, pp. 464-472 

& portrait, p. 379] 

Riehl, Wilhelm Heinrich. Der Homannische atlas. 

[In his Culturstudien aus drei jahrhunderten. 8°. Stuttgart, J. G. Cotta, 1859, 

pp. 3-21] 

Sandler, Christian. Die Homdnnischen erben. Im anschluss an "Johann 

Baptista Homann " dargelegt. 

[In Zeitschrift fiir wissenschaftliche geographic. 1889. 8°. Weinmr, 1SS9. v. 7, 

pp. 333-355] 

Sandler, Christian. Johann Baptista Homann. 

[In Geographische gesellschaft in Munchen,fur 1885. Jahresbericht. S°. Miinchen, 

1886. V. 10-11, pp. 35-53] 

Sandler, Christian. Johann Baptista Homann. Ein beitrag zur gcschichte der 

Icartographie. 

[In Gesellschaftjilrerkundezu Berlin. Zeitschrift. 1886. 8°. Berlin, D.Reimer, 

1886. vol. 21, no. 124, 125. pp. 328-384. 1 map] 

Schatz, Johann Jakob. Atlas Homannianus illustratus, oder geographische 

erkldrung desselben, nach Jh. Hiibners methode, ilium. Homann. univcrsal- 

karten. 8°. Eisenach, 1736-37. 

A new edition was published in Eisenach in 1746 by Jh. Joach. Schwabe; 

also in 1753, and 1763. 

Schatz, Johann Jakob. Atlas Homannianvs illvstratvs; das ist, geographische, 

physicalische, moralische, politische und historiche erklirung von achtzehen nach 

des seligen herrn Johann Hiibners methode illuminirten Homannischen vniversal- 

charten, wodurch nich nur ein vollkommener geographischer unterricht sondem 

auch eine ordentlich zu^ammen hangende historie der vomehmsten welt-reidie . . . 

vor augen geleget wird . . . alles bis auf gegenwdrtigc zeit continuiret in drey 

besondere theile eigentheilt und mit ndthigen registem versehen von m. Joh. Jacob 

Schatzen . : . 3 v. front, (port.) illus. 16°. Eisenach, M. G. Griessbach, 

1737. 

Unser Homann. [anon.] 

[In Das Ausland. 12 mai. 1879. fol. Stuttgart, 1879. v. 52, no. 19, pp. 

373-376] 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 281 

1740 

Homann heirs. 

Mapa Geographica, complectens i. Indiae Occidentalis partem 
mciliam circvm Isthmvm Panamensem ii. Ipsumq[ue] Isthmum. 
III. Ichiiograpliiam praecipuorum locorum & portiuim ad has 
terras pertinentium. Desumta onxnia ex Historia Insula; S. 
Dominici & pro prsesenti statu belli, quod est 1740 inter Anglos & 
Hispanos exortum, luci publico tradita ab Homannianis Heredibus. 
48.7 X 58 cms. 1 cartouche. 

In Homann (J. B.) Atlas Geographicus maior Norimbergae 
Homanianis Heredibus. 1759. Vol. 1. No. 144. It mcludes 
3 maps, 2 plans and 1 view, as follows: a. A map without a title, 
14x13.7, cms., of the Isthmus of Panama (i. e. ii of above). 

b. Delineatio munimenti et Portus S. Augustini. 14 x 14 cms. 

c. Anville (J. J. B. d') Carte des Isles de I'Amerique et de plusieurs 
Pays de Terre ferme situes au devant de ces Isles & autour du 
Golfe de !Mexique. Dressee Sur un grand nombre de Cartes par- 
ticulieres sur les instructions des Navigateurs et Voyageurs, sur 
les recits des Historiens Espagnols, qui foumissent des details, 
qu'on n'a pomt fait entier dans les Cartes, le tout s'accordant avec 
des Determinations les jilus uouvelles & avec des observ-ations 
Astronomiques de Longitude de la Martinique, S? Domingue, la 
Jamaique, Carthagene, et la Louysiane par le S? d Anville Geo- 
graphe Ord''5 du Roi. mars 1731. 48.7 x 30 cms. Colored out- 
lines, d. Delineatio Portus Mexicani Vera Cruz v. s. Crucis |Vid. 
Hist, de S. Domingue pag. 505 Lib xii] 13.3 x 14 cms. e. 
Ichnographia Urbis San-Domingo [Vid. Histoire de S. Domingue 
pag. 223] 13 X 14 cms. f. Urbs capitalis Regni Mexicani dicta 
Mexico. 22.5 x 14 cms. wl 360 

XoTE. — The atlas from which this map is taken is described in Phillips' List 
of Geographical Atlases, titles 622-624. For references to the Homanns consult 
title 359. 

1740 

DeUsle, GuiUaume, 167.5-1726. 

Mappamondo, o sia Descrizione Generale del Globe Terrestre 
cd Acquatico. 36 x 29.8 cms. 1 cart. 5 vignettes. Unsigned, 
undated. 

In Atlanta Novissimo Del Sig^ Guglielmo de 1' Isle. Venezia. 
Vol. 1. (1740) WL 361 

Note. — A description of the atlas from which this map is taken is found in 

Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 394- 

For references relating to the life of Delisle consult title 247. 



282 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1740? 
Moll, Herman, d. 1732. 

A new map of the north parts of America claimed by France 
under ye names of Louisiana, Mississipi, Canada and New France, 
with the adjoining territories of England and Spain. 61 x 99 eras. 
Undated. Dublin, George Grierson, 1740? lc 362 

Note. — A copy of this edition is in the collection of the Library of Congress. 
See title 303 for the original impression. 

The only detail in which this impression differs from the one described in 
title 303 is the cartouche over the title "To Ambrose Philips EsqF Register 
to the Prerogative court; this map is most humbly Dedicated by yor humble 
servt G. Grierson." 

The Gentleman's magazine for September, 1734, p. 512, mentions under pro- 
motions, "Ambrose Philips, Esq., Register of the Prerogative Court at Dublin." 
The life of Philips in the Dictionary of national biography, erroneously states 
that in august 1733 he was made judge of the prerogative court. Therefore 
this impression was made after 1734. 
For a life of Moll, consult Dictionary of nutional biography. 

1740 
Olano, Pedro Ruiz de. 

■'Piano del Fuerte de San Agustindela Florida y sus contomos: 
en el qual se demuestran los parages que han ocupado los Ingleses, 
Baterias de canones y morteros conque han atacado el referido 
Fuerte y Plaza por espacio de 27 dias, contados desde el 24 de 
Junio hasta el 20 de Julio (ambos inclusives) de este ailo de 1740. 
San Agustin de la Florida 8 de Agosto de 1740" por D. Pedro Ruiz 
de Olano. 45.5 x 36 cms. Ms. in colors. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 87; Caj. 3; 

Leg. 12. (1) Marginal explication. Transmitted with a letter of 

Olano of even date. There is a dup. in the same file, 90 x 63 cms. 

No. 137 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida. " Tomo 1. 363 

Note. — ^A copy of the letter here mentioned is given from the ms. translation 

in the Library of Congress. 

"Sir. In compliance with my duty I have the honor to inform Y. M., that the 
English laid siege to this fort and city. I send to Y. M., herewith enclosed, a 
plan of the said Fort, part of the city and of its en\irons, where the English 
placed their batteries in position, commanded by General Don Diego Ogle- 
thorpe. Also showing the places where they established their camps and other 
points occupied by them during the time of the siege, which commenced on 
the 13th of June of the present year, opening firemth their batteries and mortars 
on the 24th of June which lasted until the 20th of July— Twenty-seven con- 
secutive days of incessant fire. Notwithstanding which this Fort did not 
receive much damage, although its parapets sustained some injury owing to 
their being too weak and not sufficiently thick. Some of the old constructed 
ones have been demolished, and the new ones ha^•e suffered very much owing 
to their recent construction. But no time has been lost in endeavoring to 
repair the damage to the best of our means and ability— and at present are 
entirely repaired. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 283 

" I have also to infonn Y. M. that notwithstanding the enemy placing a battery 
of hea\'y guns within a distance of 870 "toesas " from this Fort, yet, they caused 
the aforesaid damage to the parapets, because of the stone of which they are 
built being porous and soft. The balls did not penetrate into the walls of the 
Fort more than a foot and a half, but the parapets as they were much lighter, 
when a ball penetrated a foot and a half, they would tear up the stones aud 
scatter them around. 

" Consequently I decided to build that portion of the parapets which have to be 
elevated, thicker, but in examining the walls I found out that where they 
support the bastions they have not sufficient strength. 

"In the event of building them of stone outside and terrace inside, we find the 
inconvenience that it will occupy too much of the space of the bastions. So 
that they will not be capable of sustaining much fire, as you will see by the 
special plan of the Fort which I shall remit to Y. M. by the first opportunity, 
in order that you may have full knowledge of the condition and strength of 
this Fort. 

" If next Spring, General Oglethorpe decides to besiege us again, as he has pub- 
licly said, it is possible that he may plant his batteries on the main land and 
nearer to the Fort, in order to utilize every shot from his guns; in which case 
he -(Wll no doubt succeed in destroying the parapets and dismounting the guns. 
As the parapet on the side of the covered entrance has not as yet been con- 
nected with the terrace of the esplanade, (although at present it is being 
extended) it will be very easily demolished at the begining of the Siege. 
The line and land parapet which runs from the Fort to the San Sabastian Creek, 
is of little defence, not only on account of the weakness of the parapet, narrow- 
ness and little depth of the ditch that surrounds it, but also, because the bas- 
tions owing to their small size are only capable of accomodating very few men, 
and the curtains being very extensive and the force small for their proper 
defence. 

"It is probable they wUl not be very anxious to return, especially after the 
warning and defeat they suffered lately. But if they do they will come better 
provided with what they need for the surrender of this Fort and City. All of 
which I have the honor to lay before Y. M., in order that you may issue the 
necessary orders for the remission of men and money with which to put this 
place in the best possible state of defence. So that the name of God and the 
honor of Y. M. may be preserved in it, and that those of us who may have the 
glory of sacrificing our lives in defence of our Lord, our faith and the service of 
Y. M., may be able to preserve it, notwithstanding the pride of the heretics. 
San Agustin de la Florida August 8 — 1740. 

Don Pedro Ruiz de Olano." 
For another map by Olano consult title 3.51. 

1740 

Robert de Vaugondy, Gilles, lGSS-1766. 

Le Noiiveau Continent ou rAmeriqiie Divisee en Septentrionale 
et Meridionale: oil I'on trouve, Les Climats, les Meridians, les dif- 
ferentes Possessions, les Peuples Naturals Libres, les differentes 
Religions, et les differentes Langues. Par les S" Sanson Geog. 
ord. du Roi. Revue et corrigee en plusieurs endroits, sur les Me- > 
moires les plus recents, et assujettie aux Observations Astrono- 
miques, Par le S;^ Robert Geog. ord. du Roi. A Paris, Ches I'Auteur 



284 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Robert de Vaugondy, Gilles — Continued. 

quai de I'horloge dii Palais, proche la rue de Harlay. Avec Privilege 
du Eoi. 1740. 64.3 x 49 ems. wl 364 

Note. — For references to Sanson, consult title 136. This map is mentioned 

among the "Cartes particulih-es de m. Robert "... in Nicolas Lenglet Dufres- 

noy's Methode pour Hudier la geographie . . . 3d ed. Paris, 1742, v. 1, pt. 2, 

pp. 44S-447. On the left is a historical table relating to events in american 

history. 

For a notice of Robert de Vaugondy consult: 

Joseph Victor Barbier's Le livre d'or de la geographie: SocUtc de giogrnphie de 

I'Est. Bulletin. 8°. Nancy, 1880, v. 2, p. 695. 

Biographic universelle (Michaud) andenneetmodeme . . . v.S6, pp. 1S8-1S9. 

In Memoires pour Vkistoire ... a Trevoux . . . Juin 1752 . . , Paris, 1752, 

p. 1520, is a review of the Robert de Vaugondy atlas of 1752, in which this 

map may also be found. It is entitled: 

Atlas imiversel complet en cent cartes geographiques dressees sur les relations & 

les observations les plus exactes & les plus recentes. Par m. Robert & m. de 

Vaugondy son fils, geographes du roi, grand in-Jol. propose par souscription. 

Chez Boudet libraire-imprimeur, rue S. Jacques, 1752. 

1740 

Silver, Thomas. 

A View of the Towii and Castle of St. Augustine and the English 
Camp before it June 20, 1740, by Tho^ Silver. 29.2 x 16.5 cms. 

In An impartial Account of the late Expedition against St. 
Augustine, under General Oglethorpe ... Anonymous. Lon- 
don, for J. Huggonson, 1742. Facsimile in Old Saint Augustine, 
a Story of Three Centuries by Charles B. Reynolds. 5th ed. St. 
Augustine, Florida. This is an interestmg view with a long legend 
at the bottom. The same view is reproduced, 16 x 28 cms., m 
William Bacon Stevens' A History of Georgia. New York, 1847. 
vol. 1. p. 174. LC 365 

Note. — This is not the view originally published in the work mentioned above. 
It is inserted and was originally published in the Gentleman's magazine for 
July, 1740. The Library of Congress copy contains this inserted map. A 
reproduction of the map originally published in this work is found in Winsor's 
Narrative and critical history of America, v. 5, pp. 382-3SS, and is entitled "A 
Plan of the Toron, Castle, and Harbour, of St Augustine, (and the adjacent Coast 
of Florida) with the disposition of the Forces in the Expedition, under General 
Oglethorpe, in the Year 1740." 

In Sunny Lands, a Florida monthly magazine for Jan. 1900, in an article by 
De Witt Webb, entitled "Gen. Oglethorpe's siege in 1740," is a description of a 
map by gen. James Edward Oglethorpe in the possession of the St. Augustine 
institute of science. The Library of Congress has two ms. maps which were 
probably made for this expedition, entitled: "Plan of the Inlet Strait & Town 
of Si Augustine. Sam. Roworth Bepi SurvT General. Scale of three quarters of 
an English mile." Size 14J x 40 inches. 

"A Plan of the Land Between Fort Mossy and Si Augustine in ihejmmnce of East 
Florida. Sam Roimrth Dept. Sunt Geni Scale of three quarters of an English 
mile." Size 15J x IGi inches. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 285 

The water mark in the paper of these maps consists of "I. Villeilary" and a 

large fleur de ILs. 

Consult also a map in Archer Butler Hulbert's The crown collection, v. 2, 7to. 5, 

entitled by him: "A plan of the coast of East Florida from Fort William to 

Anstatia Island: vith a bird's-eye view of the town of St. Augtistine, to shew the 

attack and capture of the place by the English forces under General Oglethorpe in 1740; 

unfinished. Size 2 ft. 4 in. x 1 ft. 8 in." The title actually appearing on the 

map is nearly illegible, but is given in this list under title 369. 

Another map in The crown collection which may be mentioned here is in 

V. 1, no. 40, and entitled: 

"Carte du cows du fleuve St. Louis, depuis dix lieues audessus de la NouvelU 

Orleans, jusqii'a son embouchure, oil sont marquees les habitations formees et les 

terrains concede:, aux quels on n'a pas travaille," drawn about 1740, on a scale 

of l.OGG in. to a lei^ue (of 22,882 toises) Size, 2 ft. 3 in. x 10 J in. 

In Charles Leslie's A new history of Jamaica, 2d ed. [anon.] 1740, is "A map or 

chart of the West Indies . . ." containing an inset entitled "Harbour of San 

Augustin on the coast of Florida." The same map with inset is found in A 

geographical and historical description of the principal objects of the present war 

in the West Indies . . . London, 1741. 

For a descriptive account of this expedition consult: 

South Carolina (Colony) Assembly. Committee to enquire into the causes of 

the disappointment of success in the expedition against S! Augustine. Report 

of the Committee appointed by the general assembly of South Carolina in 1740 on 

the St. Augustine expedition under General Oglethorpe. Published by the South 

Carolina historical society. Charleston, Walker, Evans & Cogswell co. 1SS7. 

1740 
Tirion, Isaak, d. 1769? 

Xuova Carta del Polo Artico secondo 1' ultime osservazioni A 
Amsterdam da Isac Tirion. Diameter 27.7 cms. Undated. 

In Atlanta Novissimo Del Sig!' Guglielmo de I'lsle. Venezia. 
vol. 1. (1740) WL 366 

Note. — A description of the atlas from which this map is taken is found in 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 694. 

For references to the life of Delisle consult title 247. For a description of 
_ another map from this atlas consult title 361. 

1742 ? 

Plan de la ville et Port St. Augustin. ?k[s. 29 x 20.2 cms. No 
name, place or date. Anonymous. 

Original m Dep. de la Marine. Scrv. Hyd. Paris. 13S-4— 4. On 
Anastasia Island is a legend : " Place pour mettre a terre du General 
Oglethorpe." This may indicate the date. It appears to be 
copied from an English plan. Brit. Mus. Add. Mss. 792. Narra- 
tive of Oglethorpe's attempt against St. Augustin July 8, 1740-42. 

LC 367 

Note. — ^A photographic reproduction of this map is in the collection of the 

Library of Congress. 



286 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1742 

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

Plan de la Baye de Pensacola. Par N. B. Ingenieur de la Marino. 
1742. 27.7 X 19.5 cms. 

There is a 1744 edition of this map in Charlevoix's Xouvelle 
France. Paris, 1744. vol. in. p. 480. 368 

Note. — The following is copied from an article entitled: Remarques de mr. 
Bellin sur les cartes & plans, qu'il a He charge de dresser, poicr joindre b. I'Histoire 
generate de la Nouvelle-France, du r. p. de Charlevoix & au journal de son . . . 
voyage dans cette partie du monde. 

[In Memoire de Trivoux. Oct.-nov. 1743. 16°. Paris, 1743. pp. 2521-2541, 
2713-2737]. It shows that this map was published separately as above stated: 
"La Louisiane & le cours du fleuve Micissipi, auroient m^rit6 un tout autre 
detail, que celui, qu'il m'a H^ possible de faire entrer daus une carte gc'n^rale, 
& je m'y serois livr^ avec d'autant plus de plaisir, que j'ai beaucoup de mat6- 
riaux k pouvoir mettre en oeuvre, mais comme cela m'auroit jett6 un peu loin, 
& auroit multiplie les cartes: je me suis contents de charger en quelques 
endroits ma carte generale de fafon qu'on y trouvat ce qui m'a paru de plus 
int^ressant & de plus n(?cessaire k I'intelligence de I'Histoire. J'ai fait plus, 
j'ai donne quelques morceaux particuliers, que j'ai cru devoir faire plaisir au 
public. Par example, on y trouvera une carte d'une partie de la cote de la 
Louisiane & de la Floride, depuis la nouvelle Orleans jusqu'^ 5. Marc d'Apa- 
lache, une petite carte des embouchures du Micissipi, un plan de la Nouvelle 
Orleans, & un de la Baye de Pensacola." This article is also published in Char- 
levoix's Journal d'un voyage fait par ordre du roi dans I'Amtrique Septentrionale, 
Paris, 1744, v. 3, p. i~xix. 

An impression of this map is also found in Bellin's Le petit atlas maritime, 1764, 
V. 1, no. 42, described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 63S. 
For a life of Bellin consult Biographic universelle {Michaud) Paris, 1S54, v. 3, 
pp. 582-583. 

For a critical estimate of the value of Bellin's maps, consult William Francis 
Ganong's A monograph of the cartography of the province of New Brunswick . . . 
Ottawa, 1897. 

The following is quoted from an answer to a letter to Henry N. Stevens request- 
ing information as to this impression: 

"It is an earlier impression of the same plate afterwards appearing in Charlevoix 
with date 1744. If you look at Charlevoix you will see that the second 4 has 
the appearance of having been altered on the plate. There are several indi- 
cations that the 1742 is earlier, beyond the variation in date. The impression 
is much finer. There is no indication of the figure 16 which appears in the 
left margin of Charlevoix outside the border line. The Fort under Pensacola 
named F. S. Charles in Charlevoix is not named at all. At the left end of 
Isle de Sf Rose the letterings Pointe de Siguenca and "Brasses" against the 
figure 30 do not appear nor the word "Brasses" against the figure 30 in the sea 
below. The British Museum ha-s several other maps in thia series also dated 
1742 which appear in Charlevoix as 1744 and bearing similar alterations more 
or less; e. g. Rivifere de Richelieu 1742. Isle d'Orleana 1742. Bassin de 
Quebec 1742. Rivfere du Saguenau 1742. All these bear evidence in Charle- 
voix of the last figure in the date having been altered. I do not know that 
these maps were actually issued as a series with dales 1742. More probably 
the Charlevoix book, maps and plates took a long time to prepare and the work 



THE LOWEKY COLLECTION 287 

did not gel issued till 1744 when the maps were redated and brought up to 
date by the additions which I have noted. The Museum 1742 maps are dis- 
tributed in various places and are all old stock, so there is no evidence whether 
they were acquired all together at oue time." 

1743? 

The East of St. Augustine Town Castle and Forces before it on 
the Island of .Vnastasia. 70.5 x 50.5 ems. Ms. Unsigned, un- 
dated. Anonymous. 

Original in Brit. Mus. K. 122. S3a. This consists of two maps 
on the same sheet. The upper part of the sheet is a plan, without 
a title, of the coast from Fort William to near the east end of 
Anastasia Island. The lower map has the above title. There is 
on each side of the lower map a descriptive legend extending from 
A to Z and from 1 to 8. The maps are undated and are without 
maker's name; but are evidently of the same period as the "Survey 
of the Coast from Fort William ... to Mosquito River" of Justly 
Watson, 1743, which immediately preceeds it. lc 369 

Note. — A photographic reproduction of this map, lOJ x 14^ inches, is in the 
collection of the Library of Congress. A reproduction is also found in Archer 
Butler Hulbert's The crown colkction, v. 2, no. 5. Consult title 365. 
Consult title 374 for Watson's map. 

1743? 

Part of Flori[da] 70.5x50 cms. Ms. Unsigned and undated. 
Anonymous. 

Origmal in Brit. Mus. K. 122. 83 b. Extends from "Matansa" 
Inlet to "Musketae" River. Two insets. In lower 1. h. corner is 
"A Draught of Matanza Inlet as taken by Liev? Todiman of the 
Phoenix who was sent with the Pilots of the Men of War on pur- 
pose to sound the same." Across the bottom is a map of St. 
Augustine and vicinity. There is no name, date or place, but it 
relates to Gen. Oglethorpe's expedition and is apparently' of the 
same date as Justly Watson's "Survey of the Coast of Fort William 
... to Mosquito River A. D. 1743" in the same collection vnih. it. 

LC 370 

Note.— A photographic reproduction of this map, lOJ x 14 inches, is in the 
collection of the Library of Congress. A reduction in two sheets is found in 
the Library of Congress copy of Hulbert's The croxvn colkction of photographs of 
american maps. Ser. ii, v. 1, no. [30} 

1743? 
Brassier, WUliam. 

Scetch {sic) of the City and Environs of St. Augustine. Copy 
W. Brasier. 40.5 x 24.3 cms. Ms. in colors. Unsigned, undated. 

Original in Brit. Mus. K. 122.85. No date, place or name other 
than that of the copyist. It is probably of the same date as Justly 



288 LIBRARY OP CONGRESS 

Brassier, William — Continued. 

Watson's " Survey of the Coast from Fort William ... to Mosquito 
River A. D. 1743." lc 371 

Note. — A reduced impression of this map is found in Hulbert's The crown col- 
lection of photographs of american maps. Ser. jr, r. 1, no. [SI] 
In the first series of the same collection, v. 2, no. 4, is a plan of the fort at Pen- 
sacola by the same maker without date. The Library of Congress has several 
other maps, manuscript and engraved, by Brassier, of places in this country 
dated from 1759 to 17G2. 

1743 

Gezigt van't Spaansche vlek Pensacola, aan de baay van dien 
naam in de golf van Mexiko, beoosten den uitloop van de river 
Missisippi. Naar een tekening, die op de plaats zelve, in't jaar 
1743, is gmaakt. 15.2 x 25.3 cms. Anonymous. 

In Hedendaagsche historic of tegenwoordige staat van Amerika. 
Te Amsterdam. I. Tirion, 1769. vol. 3, p. 314. 372 

Note. — A copy of this work is in the Library of Congress collection. It is a 

translation of a portion of Thomas Salmon's Modern history, which relates to 

America. This view and the maps, however, are not from that work but were 

made by the dutch cartographer, Isaac Tirion. 

For a life of Salmon consult Dictionary of national biography. 

The Library of C'ongress in its collection has a manuscript map which is of 

sufficient interest to insert here: 

" Carte particuliire dune par tie de la Louisianne on les fleuve & rimerrcs onts 

estes releve a lestime & les routtes par terre releve & mesurees aux pas, par les 

«'■? Broutin, de Verges, jngenieurs & Saucier dessinateur. col. Ecshelle de vingt 

cinq lieues [=5 ^ in.] S3 x 29 in. A La Nouvelle Orleans ce 10 Ma[rs] HAS 

LeTuarigny." 

1743 

Mapa de los Cayos de los Mariires 6 de la Florida. 27 x 39 cms. 
Ms. Unsigned, undated. Anonymous. 

Origmal in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 58; Caj. 2; 
Leg. 10. Transmitted by the Gov. of Havana with a letter of 
July 26, 1743 and "autos" on the application for missionaries 
which had been made by the leading Indians who inhabit the 
Keys. No. 147 in Lanzas, "Mapas do Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. 

LC 373 

Note.— A tracing of this map in the original size is found in the collection of 
the Library of Congress. 

1743 
Watson, Justly. 

A Survey of the Coast from Fort William near St. luans River 
to Mosquito River. A. D. 1743. Mr Justly Watson, Enginr 134 
X 50.3 cms. Ms. in colors. 1 cart. Original in Brit. Mus. K. 
122. 82. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 289 

It includes an inset : A Plan of the Town and Fort of St. Augus- 
tine, 59 X 24.3 cms., which shows Gen. Oglethorpe's camp, &c. Both 
maps show the roads &c. and are very interesting. lc 374 

Note.— A reduced copy of this map is found in Archer Butler Hulbert's The 
crown collfction, v. 5, nos. 38-39. 

The Library of Congress has in the Faden collection, no. 43, a manuscript map 
entitled: "Mapo/the coast of Florida, from Talbot uland to themouth of MxLsquitta 
river, with plan of St. Augustine, shewing the position of Gen. Oglethorpe's camp 
dec." The size ans\vers to the Watson map and they are sufficiently alike 
for one to be considereil as a copy of the other. It has no date or author, and 
water mark dates about 1735. It may be the original map from which Watson 
got his information. The scale is the same. 

1744 

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

Karte von den Kusten des Franzosischen Florida Nach den 
ersten Entdeckungen entworffeu von N. Bellin Ingr de la Marine. 
No. 3. 14.5 X 20.5 cms. Undated. WL 375 

Note. — Taken from a work, a copy of which is in the Library of Congress, 

entitled: Allgemeine historic derrensemuwasserundzulande ... 8°. Leipzig, 

Arkstee <t Merkus, 1756. v. 14, no. S. 

It was fiist published in Charlevoix, Eistoire de la Nouvelle France, 1744, v. 1, 

with title " Carte des costes de la Floride franfoise suivant les premiires decou- 

vertes. Dressee par N. Bellin ..." 

For the french original of this consult title 377. See also title 368 for references 

to Bellin and his maps. 

1744 

BeUin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

Carte de la Louisiane Cours du Mississipi et Pais Voisins Dediee 
a M. le Comte de Maurepas, Afinistre et Secretaire d'Etat Com- 
mandeur des Ordres du Roy. Par N. Bellin Ingenieur de la 
Marine. 1744. Dheulland Sculp. 55.5 x 39 cms. 

In Histoire et Description generate de la Nouvelle France . . . 
Par le P. De Charlevoix . . . Paris, 1744. Vol. ii. wl 376 

Note. — See title 368 for references to BeUin and his maps. The german trans- 
lation of this map is found in title 378. 

1744 

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

Carte des costes de la Floride Franfoise Suivant les premieres 
decouvertes. Dressee par N. Bellin, Ingr de la Marine. 14.5 x 
20.7 cms. Undated. 

In Histoire et description generale de la Nouvelle France . . . 
Par le P. De Charlevoix . . . Paris, 1744. vol. i. pp. 24-25. 

WL 377 

Note. — This is a french original of 375. See title 368 for references to Bellin 
and his maps. 
85241°— 12 19 



290 LIBKAEY OF CONGEESS 

1744 

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

Karte von Luisiana, dem Laut'e des Mississipi und den benach- 
barten Laendern Durch N. Bellin Ingenieur de la Marine. 1744. 
55.6 X 39.5 cms. Exterior to measurement u. r. h. cor. "No. 11 "; 
1. r. h. cor. "T. xiv. T." 

In Allgemeine Historie der Reisen zu wasser und zu lande . . . 
V. 14. Leipzig, 1756. wl 378 

Note. — The french original of this map is described in title 370. It was origi- 
nally published in Charlevoix, Hisloire de la Nouvelle France, 1744, v. 2. 
See also title 368 for references to Bellin and his maps. 

1744 

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

Partie de la Coste de la Louisiane et de la Floride depuis le 
Mississipi Jusqua S? Marc d'Apalache Dressee sur les Manuscrits 
du D^post des Plans de la Marine Par N. B[ellin] Ingr du Roy et 
de la Marine 1744. 43.3 x 20.5 cms. 

In Histoire et Description generale de la Nouvelle France . . . 
Par le P. De Charlevoix .. . Paris, 1744. Vol. in. pp. 468-469. 
This is identically the same map as: "Carte de la coste de la 
Louisiane depuis le Mississipi Jusqua St. Marc d'Apalache. Dressee 
sur les Manuscrits du Depost des Plans de la Marine Par N. B. Ingf 
du Roy et de la Marine 1743. (Brit. Mus. Cat. 73. 210 (7)) wl 379 

Note. — See title 368 for references to Bellin and his maps. 

1744 

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

Plan de la baye de Pensacola. Par N. B. 1744. 20.3 x 28 cms. 

In Charlevoix's Histoire et description de la Nouvelle France. 

Paris, 1744. vol. 6. opp. p. 266. 380 

Note. — For the 1742 impression of this map, and also references to Bellin and 
his maps, consult title 368. 

1746 

Anville, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d', 1697-1782. 

Ainerique Scptcntridnale Publiee sous les auspices de Mon- 
seigneur le Due d'Orleans Premier Prince du Sang Par le Sr 
d'Anville, mdccxlvi Avec Privilege a Paris, chez I'Auteur, aux 
Galeries du Louvre. Grave par Guill. Delahaye. 86.5 x 45 cms. 

Shows above 30° N. lat. northern part of East and West Florida, 
New Mexico and Gila region. Inset, "Baye d'Hudson" &c. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 291 

23.5 X 21.7 in upper 1. h. corner. The lower margin of map proper 
is spherical. JX' 381 

Note. — This map is the same as the map described in title 382 vrith the differ- 
ence as stated in the title that the sheet described here has the lower margin 
spherical. It is found in the Library of Congress copy of Roch-Joseph Julien's 
Le thidlre du monde . . . 1 76S, which contains a collection of maps by various 
cartographers. Consult Fhilliips' List of Geographicnl Atlases, title 641. Consult 
title 326 for references to the life and works of An\ille. 

1746 

AnviUe, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d', 1697-1782. 

Amerique Septentrionale Publiee sous les auspices de Mon- 
seigneur le Due d'Orleans Premier Prince du Sang Par le S? 
d'Anville, mdccxlvi Avec Privilege a Paris, chez I'Auteur, aux 
Galeries du Louvre. Grave par Guill ? Delaha3"e. 87 x 8.3.2 cms. 
1 cart. 

Inset in u. 1. h. cor. Map of Hudson's and Baffin's Bay. 24 x 
22. .3 cms. Includes from 9° to 55° N. Lat. and from 40° to 100° 
West Long, (from Paris ?) wl 382 

XoTE. — This is the usual impression of the map found described in the various 
editions of An\-ille in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. It is not spherical 
in the margin as described in the map mentioned above. For references to 
the life and works of An^•ille consult title 326. 

1746 
Homann heirs. 

Americas Mappa generalis Secundum legitimas projectionis 
stereographies regulas, relationesque recentissimas et observa- 
tiones socioru Acad. reg. sc. quae Parisiis est aliorumque auctonun 
nee non secimdum mentem D. I. M. Hasii M. P. P. in partes suas 
methodicas divisa nunc concinnata et delineata ab Aug. Gottl. 
Boehmio Phil. Magistro. In lucem proferentibus Homannianis 
Heredibus. A. mdccxxxxvi 53.5 x 46.6 cms. Colors. 1 
cart. vcL 383 

Note. — The earliest impression of this map in the collection of the Library of 
Congress is in Homann's Atlas compendiariis, dated 1752, which will be de- 
scribed in a supplemental Mai. It is also found in various other editions of 
his atlas. An impression of the 1759 edition, described in Phillips' Lisl of Geo- 
graphical Atlases, no. 6ii, has a date in large romans while all the other impres- 
sions are in small romans. 

For an extensive life of Johann Matthias Hase, 1684-1742, consult Ersch and 
Gruber's Allgemeine encyklopaediea.uA also AUgemeine deutsche biographic. 1879. 
V. 10, pp. 74S-7U. 

For information relating to the Homanns consult title 359. 
For a notice of August Gottlob Bohme, 1719-1797, consult: 
Meusel, Johann Georg. Lexikon der vomjahr 1~,50 bis 1800 verstorbenen teutschen 
schriflsteller. 12o. Leipzig, 1802. v. 1, pp. 467-468. 



292 LIBRARY OF COXGRESS 

1746 

Villasenor y Sanchez, Jose Antonio de. 

"Icomisnio hidroterreo 6 Mapa Geographico de la America 
Septentrional. Delineado y observado por el C'ontador de Reales 
azogucs Don Jose Antonio de Villasenor y Sanchez Ano 1746." 
"En la figura 2 (in a corner of the map) sigue el Nuevo Mexico, 
desde 3 grados." 68 x 48 cms. Ms. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 62; Caj. 1; 
Leg. 41. Forms part of a report upon the settlement of the Gulf 
of ilexico. No. 161 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." 
Tomo 1. 384 

Note. — For a notice of the life and works of Villasenor y Sanchez consult Jos6 
Mariano Beristain y Souza's Biblioteca hispano americana septentrional . . . 
Amecarneca, 1883, v. 3, pp. 286-287. 
In this notice are mentioned two items of special interest: 

(1) Mapa geogrdfico de la provincia de la Compania de Jesus de la N. E., en que 
se expresan las casus, colegios y misiones pertenecieales a los Jesuitas, desde 
Honduras hasla Califomias. Delineado en Megico ano 1751 y gravado en 
Roma por Juan Petreschi en 1754 dedicado por el autor al rm6, general Ignacio 
Vice-C6mes. 

(2) Ttieatro americano, dcscripcion general de los reynos, y provincias de la 
Nueva-Espana. 2 v. 1746-174S. 

He says of this work : 

"Esta obra se mando escribir por Cedula del sr. Felipe V. dada en el Ruen 
Jletiro 4 19 de junio de 1741, y dirigida al Virey de M%ico, Conde de Fuenclara, 
quien informado de los talentos, conocimientos y aplicacion de nuestro autor, 
le encargo su formacion. Este tomo comprende la descripcion del arzobispado 
de Mt^gico y del obispado de la Puebla de los Angeles, con una noticia exacta, 
geogrdfica, moral y politica de ambas capitales, y de mas de 90 alcaldias, mayorea 
y pueblos principales do sus respectivos territories, con expresion de bus limitea 
. . . y comercio interior." 

For references and full collation of this last work consult also: 
Bihliografia mexicana del sigh xviii por dt Nicolas Leon. Mexico, 1905, r. 2, 
pt. 2, no. 5, title 966. Copy in the Library of Congress. 

In this work reference is made to Fernando Consag's exploration of the upper 
gulf coast in 1746. A reproduction of his map showing the coast is found in 
H. H. Bancroft's North Mexican states, v. 1, p. 463. 

Brasseur de Bourbourg, Charles Etienne. Bibliothique mexico-guatemalienne 
. . . Paris, ISri, pp. 154-155. 

Bancroft, in his History of Mexico, v. 3, pp. 510-511, has this to say of Villa- 
Senor y Sanchez : 

"About the middle of the eighteenth century the Spanish crown, feeling the 
need of a full and detailed account of the actual extent of its increasing domin- 
ions in the new world, and the civil and the religious condition of their inhabi- 
tants, issued a royal decree dated July 19, 1741, demanding from the alcaldes 
mayores and justices a complete report on their respective districts. The 
conipilation of these data in New Spain was confided by Viceroy Feunclara, 
to the auditor-general of the department of quicksilver, Jos^ Antonio de Villa- 
Sefior y Sanchez. Villa-Seiior, according to Alcedo, Bib, Am., MS., ii. 1158, 
was a native in Valladolid in Michoacan, but Brasseur de Bourbourg, Bib. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 293 

Mex.-Guat., 154, gives Mexico as his birthplace, describing him aa 'un math6- 
maticien distingu^, un historien exact et un bon citoyen.' Villa-Senor lost 
no time in beginning his labors, and published in Mexico the first volume of 
his work in 1746, and the second two years later, under the title of Thealro 
Americano, Descripcion General dc los Reynos, y Provincias de la Nuera Espana. 
After a brief and general account of the early history of America and the Aztecs, 
with an outline of the physical geography of New Spain, the text proper follows, 
in six parts, corresponding to the six dioceses, with the history of their towns, 
parishes, and missions, classified by districts, together with some information 
regarding their relative situations, actual population, condition, products, and 
industries. Volume i., containing books i.-ii., with 382 numbered pages, is 
devoted to the archbishopric of Mexico, and the see of Puebla, including a 
full description of the city of Mexico, its public buildings, general and local 
government departments, and revenues. The second volume is equally divided 
between the remaining bishoprics. Though at the time of its publication this 
work enjoyed a high reputation for accuracy, it was subsequently found to 
contain many errors. Akedo, Bib. Am., MS., ii. 1159. Approaching, in its 
nature, a geographical and historical dictionary, it was the first of its kind 
relating to New Spain; and notwithstanding its defects, which later publica- 
tions have ser\'ed to rectify, it is invaluable for the history of this period, and 
has been freely used by subsequent writers. Villa-Seiior is said to have been 
the author of several other works, likewise printed in Mexico, Brasseur de Bour- 
bourg. Bib. Mex. Gnat., 155, but I have been unable to find any mention of 
such works, excepting that given by Alcedo, Bih. Am., MS., ii. 1159-60, entitled 
Bespueita d la Apologia, Mex. 1742, relating to the monopoly of quicksilver." 
In Medina's mexican imprints, a list of Villa-Senor y Sanchez's works, previous 
to this, is given. Consult also, H. H. Bancroft's Arizona and New Mexico, 
pp. 252-25S. 

1747? 

Escandon, Jose de, conde de la Sierra Gorda. 

Mapa de la Sierra Gorda, y Costa del Seno Mexicano, desde la 
Ciudad de Queretaro situada serca (sic) de 21 grades hasta los 28J 
en que esta la Bahia del Espiritu Santo, sus Rios, Ensenadas, y 
Provincias, que Circunibalan la Costa del Seno Mexicano, recono- 
zida, Pazificada, y Poblada en la mayor parte, per D? Joseph de 
Escandon Conde de la Sierra gorda, Cavallero del Orden de San- 
tiago, Coronel del Reximiento de Queretaro. Tent? de Cap? 
Gnral de la Sierra gorda sus Misiones, Presidios y Fronteras y lugar 
Then'f del Exc"° S- Virrey de esta Nueva Espana, en dha Costa, 
de cuyo orden se hizo la referida expedicion. 59 x 76 cms. 

Original in Brit. Mus. Add. Ms. 34. 240 C. Shows the -south 
eastern extremity of Texas with the rancherias and settlements 
along the Rio Grande. The "Presidio de la Bahia del Espiritu 
Santo" is the only place shown north of the Rio Grande (in Texas) 
Also a copy with the same title and dimensions in: Acad, de la 
Hist. Madrid. Col. Boturmi. t" 29, bet. fols. 177-178. 58 x 74.7 
cms. An interesting map in colors, showing the Indian missions 
and with descriptive legend. There are six settlements on the 
N. bank o^ the Rio Grande: Laredo, Dolores, with a mission, 



294 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Escandon, Jose de — Continued. 

Ranches de Revilla, De Mier, De Carmaga and De Reinosa, which 
is nearest its mouth. There is an luuiamed Mission no. 94 near 
mouth of the Nueces. The Mission of S'* Dorotea no. 95 is near 
the mouth of the Rio San Antonio, which flows into the Bahia del 
Espiritu Santo, and about 5 leagues to the N. W. of it is the 
Presidio y Mision de la Bahia del Espiritu Santo, in the vicinity of 
the Rio Guadaloupe, which lies N. of it and also empties into 
the same bay. A section of this map including that part N. of 
the mouth of the Rio del Norte gives all of the U. S. territory 
and would be about one third of the map. It will bear reduc- 
tion to about one fourth its present size. The date may be about 
1747. Brit. Mus. Add. Ms. 34,240 C. appears to differ as to the 
number of Missions shown in Texas N. of the Rio Grande, although 
the title is identical. lc 385 

Note. — A reproduction of this map 29 x 21i inches is found in Alejandro 

Prietos' Historia, geografia y estadistica del estado de TamauUpas . . . Mexico, 

1873, bet. pp. 152-153. 

In the same work is found a " Mapa de las fundaciones hechas en la Colonia del 

Nuevo Santander Castas del Seno Meoncano establecidas por D. Jose de Escandon, 

Caballero del orden de Santiago, Coronel del Regimiento de Queretaro, ■ Teniente 

de Capitan general de la Sierra Gorda . . . 1748 . . . 1755" . . . Several 

chapters in this work are devoted to Escandon 's expeditions. 

Consult also: 

Hubert Howe Bancroft's History oj Mexico, v. 3, pp. o40-344- 

Bethel Coopwood's The route oj Cabeza de Vaca. in the Quarterly oj the Texas 

state historical association, October 1899, and January 1900. 

Herbert E. Bolton's Thejounding oj mission Rosario in the same Quarterly for 

October 1906. 

See also title 395. 

1747 

Escandon, Jose de, conde de la Sierra Gorda. 

Mapa de la Cierra (sic) Gorda y costa del Seno Mexicano desde 
la Cuidad de Queretaro, que se halla situada en los 21 gros de 
Latit? boreal asta los 28 g? 30 mos. en que esta la Bahia del Espiritu 
Santo con sus Rios Ensenadas, y fronteras, echo por D? Joseph 
Escandon Coronel del Regimiento de Queretaro Theniente y 
Capitan Xeneral de la Sierra Gorda sus Misiones, Presidios, fron- 
teras y lugares; Then'f de el Excelentisimo Birrey desta Nueva 
Espaiia p? el Reconosim'" pacificacion y Pueble de la expresada 
costa y las suias, que de orden de su excelencia Reconocio el ano 
de 1747. Ms. 57 x 72 cms. 

Original in Direc. de Hid. Madrid. Sec. 9. Cart. 3. Ms. 
origs. The upper r. h. and both 1. h. comers are torn off, but 
not much. An interesting map showing N. of the Rio Grande a 
number of salt lagoons and the "Camiuo de la Tropa de la B? del 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 295 

Espiritu Santo." Also a ms. copy in colors on parchment with 
the same title and dimensions. 59 x 75 cms. In Arch. Gen. de 
Indias. Sevilla. Est. 62; Caj. 44. No. 162 in Lanzas, "Mapas 
de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. 386 

Note. — For information relating to thig map and the author consult title 385. 

1747 

Escandon, Jose de, conde de la Sierra Gorda. 

Mapa de la Sierra Gorda, y Costa del Seno Mexicano desde la 
Cuidad de Qiieretaro que se halla Situada cerca de los 21 gr? y 
medio, hasta los 28^ en que esta la bahia del Espiritu S'° Sus Rios, 
ensenadas y frontera Echo su Original por D? Joseph de Escandon 
Coron! del ReJimi'" de Queritaro Then? de Cap? Gene! de la Sierra 
Gorda Sus miciones (sic) precidios, lugares y fronteras Then? del 
Ex"" Uirrey y desta Nueva Espafla para el Reconocimiento paci- 
ficacion, y pueble de la esprezada Costa del Seno mexicano, y las 
suyas: que de Orden de su Exsel? reconocio este Ano pasado de 
1747. Traducido del dho Original Por Manuel Antonio Moro 
Piloto de la frata la Bizarra en Bera Cruz en este Ano de 1748. 
Original in Brit. Mus. Add. Ms. 17.650-K. 57.5 x 71.5 cms. on 
parchment in colors. 

The northeast corner shows part of Texas as described in the 
title. Bears reduction to one quarter its present size. 387 

Note. — For information relating to this map and the author consult title 385. 

1747 

Sedlmayer, Jacob, 1703-1779. 

Carta del P. Jacobo Sedelmair al P. Rector Jos6 de Echeverrai 
sobre unos mapas de Nuevo Mejico hechos por los P. P. Francis- 
canos. Tubutama, 20 Marzo 1747. Original in Acad, de la Hist. 
Madrid. Col. Boturini. t°. 16, fol. 34.3-345. 

This is a ms. copy of a letter on the subject, as the title indicates. 

388 
Note. — This "carta" is found republished in Documentos para la historia de 
Mexico. Tcrcera serie. Mexico, 1S5G. 3' partie, pp. 841-2. For a sketch of the 
life and works of the author consult Backer's i?i6Zio(^^5u« de la compagnie de 
Jesus . . . V.7, col. 1041-1042. 

Consult also Manuel Orozco y Berra's Apuntes para la historia de la geografta en 
Mexico . . . Mexico, 1881, pp. 232-23S. 

Also Bancroft's History of Arizona and New Mexico, pp. 365-368. 
In the Documentos para la historia de Mexico. Quarta serie. v. 1, pp. 18-25, 
is republished Sedlmayer 's Entrada a la nacion de los yiimas gentiles por el mes 
de octubre y noviemhre del ano de 1749. 

See reference to the Sedlmayer expedition of 1744, in United States. Senate 
documents, 33d congress, 2d session, no. 78, 185S-4, v. 3, pt. 3, p. 116. 



296 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Sedlmayer, Jacob — Continued. 

In the collection of the Library of Congress is a photographic reproduction of a 
manuscript map of about this date, entitled " Travajo Personal que en la Inspe- 
sion de esta carta Obra tubo cl R° Pf F. Juan Miguel ifenchero como Vuitador 
General de la Nueva Mexico y lo dedica a, el Exr^p S'. D" Juan Franfp Guemes y 
orcasUas Virrei Gobernador y Captain General de Nueva Espana para que su 
Exf protcja su maior Incremento de estas Misiones." 22} x 18J inches. 
The map which bears much ornamental work, cartouches, coat of arms, etc. 
includes the territory from Santa F6 west to the Colorado river and south to 
Chihuahua, with pictorial representation of the missions of the country. 
The original is in the Kartensammlung der Konigliches Universitats Bibliothek. 
In answer to a letter of inquiry regarding the map, the director, dr. Heinrich 
Meisner states that no date is known for it, that it was received with other 
american maps in 1863, and that no text accompanied it. 
For references to Menchero's expeditions at this time, consult H. H. Bancroft's 
Arizona and New Mexico, pp. 245-248. 

The Library of Congress has in its manuscript collection the order of June 22, 
1747, from conde de Revilla Gigedo to governor Codallos regarding the first 
military exploration of this region, containing several references to Menchero. 
Also Menchero's testimony of July 30, 1752, regarding the Indian missions. 
For notices of Juan Francisco Guemes y Orcasitas, conde de Revilla-Gigedo, 
consult Alaman's Disertadones historicas . . . appendix p. 50-60; and H. H. 
Bancroft's Mexico, v. 3, pp. 358-359. 

1748 

Robert de Vaugondy, Didier, 1726-1786. 

La Floride divisee en Floride et Caroline Par le Sr Robert de 
Vaugondy Fils de M? Robert Geogr. ordin. du Roi. Avec Privilege. 
17 X 16.5 cms. Colored outline. Undated. wl 389 

Note. — This is the same map, without date, as the one mentioned with date 
1749 in title 390. It is found in G. Robert de Vaugondy's Atlas portatij . . . 
Paris, J748-[1749] described in Phillips' List oj Geographical Atlases, title 608. 
Consult title 364 for references to the family of Robert de Vaugondy. 

1749 

Robert de Vaugondy, Didier, 1726-1786. 

La Floride divisee en Floride et Caroline Par le Sv Robert de 
Vaugondy Fils de Mf Robert Geogr. ordin. du Roi. Avec Privi- 
lege. 1749. 17 X 16.5 cms. wl 390 

Note. — This is the same map as the one described in title 389, which consult. 
The Library of Congress has in its collection a ms. map of this date, 28J x 30 
inches," which is of sufficient interest to note, entitled "Carte particulih-e du 
cows du fleuve si louis depuis le village Sauvage jusqu 'an Ocssoiis du ditour aux 
anglois. hes lacs Pontcharlrain & Maurepas, & des rivieres & Bayouc qui y 
aboutissent ... A La N'!"^ Orleans le 6<'Mars 17-19. J. Janvier" [sic] 

1749 

Robert de Vaugondy, Didier, 1726-1786. 

Par".'' du Mexique ou dc la XouvT Espagne ou se trouvc TAud'"." 
de Guadalajara, Nouveau Mexique, Xouvelle Xavarre, Californie 



THE LOWEKY COLLECTION 297 

&c. Par le Sr Robert de Vaugondy Fils de M? Robert Geog du 
Roi A. Fr. 1749. 19.7 x 16 cms. wl 391 

XoTE. — This is taken from G. Robert de Vaugondy's Atlas portatif . . . Paris, 
774S-[i:49] described iu Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 60S. 
For references to his life consult title 364. 

1749 

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

(.'arte Keduite du Golphe du Mexique et des Isles de I'Amerique. 
Pour servir aux Vaisseaux du Roy. Dressee au Depost Des Cartes 
et Plans de la Marine par ordre de M. Le Comte de Maurepas. 
Annee 1749 . . . Par Mr BeUin Ingenieur de la Marine. 82.5x54 
cms. WL 392 

Note. — This map is taken from his Atlas maritime published in 1751; consult 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 172. Consult also Bellin 's descriptive 
text, to accompany this map, entitled Observations sur la carte du golphe du 
Mexique et des isles de I'Amerique, dressee au depot des cartes . . . 1749. 17 pp. 
4°. [Paris], Bellin, 1749] A copy of this work is in the Library of Congress. 
For references to Bellin consult title 368. 

1750? 

Piano de la nueva Colonia de S. Luis Potosi. Ms. 14.3 x 49.5 
cms. Unsigned, undated. 

Original in Brit. Mus. Add. Ms. 17.659. C. Brit. Mus. Cat. gives 
date ca. 1750. Shows Texas from mouth of Rio del Norte north 
to New Orieans and from Gulf of Mexico west including New 
Mexico and Estremadura. A curious map, late 18th cent. Texas 
occupies one third of it. Could be reduced one fourth or more. 
The catalogue title is incorrect; the map is endorsed with the 
title given above. lc 393 

Note. — A photc^juphic reproduction of this map is in the collection of the 
Library of Congress. 

1750 

Buache, Philippe, 1700-1773. 

Carte des NouveUes Decouvertes au Nord de la Mer du Sud, 
Tant a I'Est de la Siberie et du Kamtchatka, Qu'a I'Ouest de la 
NouveUe France. Dressee sur les Memoires de Mi' Del'Isle Pro- 
fesseur Royal et de I'Academie des Sciences. Par Philippe Buache 
de la meme Academic et Presentee a I'Academie, dans son Assem- 
blee publique du 8 Avril 1750. Par Mr De I'lsle. Publiee sous 
le Privilege de I'Academie des Sciences. 63.7 x 45.5 cms. 1 
cart. 2 vignettes. wl 394 

Note. — This map was originally published with a text by Joseph Nicolas 
Delisle, entitled Explication de la carte des nouielhs decouvertes au nord de la 
mer du Sud... 1 p. I., 18 pp. S°. Paris, Desaint & Saillant, 1752. 



5jy» LIBEARY OF CONGRESS 

Buache, Philippe — Continued. 

Page 18 contains an "Extrait des Regislres de I'Acadimie Royale des Sciences, 
du. 23 Janvier 1731," which gives information as to the scope of the work and 
data as to its history: 

"Nous avons examine, par ordre de I'Acadimie, trois Pieces que Monsieur de 
I'Isle propose de publier sous le Privilege de la Compagnie, avec sa nouvelle 
Carte dea D<''couverteg faites au Nord & S, I'Ouest de I'Amerique. 
' ' La premi&re de ces Pieces est un M^moire que Monsieur de I'Isle aid dans une 
Assemblee publique de I'Academie, ou il expose lea D^couvertes que lea 
Russes ont faites au Nord & k I'Orient de la Tartarie, au Nord & k I'Occident 
de I'Amerique. 

"La seconde est une Relation du Voyage de I'Amiral de Fuente, fait par ordre 
de la Cour d'Eapagne en 1640. pour dccouvTir les Communications de la Mer 
du Sud h rOc^an par le Nord de I'Amerique: C'est la Traduction d'un Manu- 
scrit Anglois, dont le contenu seroit trfes-important, si cette Relation 6toit 
autentique. 

' ' La troisifeme Piece eat un A vertissement dans lequel Monsieur de 1' Isle annonce 
des Cartes g^n^rales & particuliferes de la Russie, avec le detail des Observa- 
tions Astronomiques qui leur servent de fondements: Cartes qu'il se propose 
de rendre plus exactes & plus complettes que celles qui ont et6 dernierement 
publi^ea en Russie, quoique dressees sur un Plan qu'il avoit donn^, & d'apr^a 
des M^moires qu'il avoit rassembles lui-meme a Peter.sbourg. 
' ' Tous ces objets nous paroissent int^ressanta pour le Public ; & nous penaons que 
lea M^moirea qui les exposent, meritent d'etre imprimis. Signe Maraldi de 
Montigny. 

"Je certifie le present Extrait conforme a eon Original, & au jugement de I'Aca- 
demie. A Paris ce 27 Janvier 1751. 

"Grandjean de Fouchy, Secret, perpt. de I' Acad, royale des sciences." 
The statement in the cartouche that it was "Pr^aentee ^ I'Academie, dans son 
assemblte publique du 8 Avril 1750," means that this map was exhibited in 
ms. at that date. The copy in this collection which states on the border, at 
bottom, "Se vend a Paris, Quay de I'Horloge du Palais, avec \es cartes de 
Guill. Delisle et de Phil. Buache," is one of the original engraved impressions. 
The copy accompanying the Library of Congress text which has on the border, 
at bottom, "Se vend a Paris, Chez Dezauche, Rue des Noyers pres la Rue 
des Anglois," is taken from Delisle and Buache, Atlas geographique et uni- 
verscl ... 2 V. fol. Paris, Dezauche, 1781 [1784] described in Phillips' List 
of Geographical Atlases, title 655. 



Menwires de Trevoux. Nov. 1752. 16". Paris, 1752. pp. 2592-2607. Nov. 

1753, pp. 2565-2573. 

Journal des Sqavans. Dec. 1752. 16°. Amsterdam, M. M. Rey, 1752, v. 164, 

pp. 500-513. Decernbre, 1753, pp. 152-177. Fevr. 1755, pp. 304-320. 

L'Academie royale des Sciences. Eistoire. 1753. Paris, 1757, pp. 259-271 . 

In connection with this map consult also the following work in the Library 

of Congress which is here described in full: 

Considerations geographiques et physiques sur les nouvelles decouvertes au nord de 

la Grande mer, appellee vulgaircment lamer du Sud; avec des cartes qui y sont 

relatives. Par Philippe Buache .. . 1 p. I., 158, 4 [3] pp., 11 maps, 5 pi. 4°. 

Paris, [Ballard] 175S-[1754] 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 299 

Contents. 
Text. 
pp. l-[o] Considerations giographiques et physiques, sur ce que la carte des nou- 
relles dkouvertes au nord de la iter du Sud offre de plus particulier; ou merrwire 
presenU i I'academie des sciences le 9 aoiit 1752. 

p. [5] Extrait des registres de I'Academie royaU des sciences. Du 6. septemhre 
1752. 

pp. 6-23. Eclaircissemens sur le memoire precedent, dont le precis devoit etre lu a 
Vassemblee publique du 2. viai 1753. 

art. 1. De la position de I'emhouchure de rio los Reyes, & des differences qui se 
trouvent entre la relation de I'amiral de Fonte imprimee enfranqois, & le mamiscrit 
sur lequel la carte des 7iouielles dkouvertes a etefaite. 

art. 2. Observations geographique <t- physique sur la Presqu'Isle qui forme en 
partie le detroit du Nord, & sur Vespace le moins large de ce detroit sous le cercle 
PoUxire. 

art. 3. Examen de la carte angloise des decouvertes de I'amiral de Fonte, publiee 
par Vecrivain du vaisseau la Califomie, avec plusieurs remarques sur les differentes 
Mies que Von a cues toucharU le detroit d' Anion. 

art. 4. Observations sur les hautes Maries du Welcome, ou du nord-ouest de Ul 
baye d' Hudson, & sur divers indices que la grande mer appellee vulgairement la 
Her du Sud, y communique par la Mer de I'Ouest d- autres ipanchemens. 
p. 24. Extrait des registres de I'Academie royale des sciences. Du 7 juillet, 1753. 
p. 25-33. Seconde partie des eclaircissemens du memoire prisente le 9. aout 1752. 
Contenant un mimoire defeu mr. Guillaume Delisle, sur la mer de I'Ouest. 
p. 33-49. Additions au memoire de Guillaume Delisle, sur la Mer de I'Ouest et 
les pays voisins tirant vers la baye d' Hudson. 

art. 1. Nouveau temoignages sur la rrter de I'Ouest, avec quelques remarques sur la 
Grande Eau des sauvages. 

art. 2. Abrigi de quelques relations qui assurent que divers navigateurs ont passe 
de la Mer du Sud dans la baye d' Hudson, par ce que nous appelons la Mer de 
I'Ouest; avec quelques observations sur la nature des cotes occidentales de cette baye. 
art. 3. Remarques sur une carte Japonnoise, qui a beaucoup de rapport au systems 
donne sur le nord-ouest de I'Amerique, comme separe du nord-est de I'Asie par un 
long ditroit.. 

p. 49. Extrait des registres de I'Academie royale des sciences. Du 1 septembre 1753. 
pp. 51-60. Nouvelles observations concemant les derniires eonnoissances venues 
de Russie, qui confirment les vues indiquees dans les considerations giographiques, 
i-c. sur le voisinage de I'Ameriquees & de I'Asie, separies uniquement par un long 
detroit, <fc sur la grande Presqu'isle supposee. 

pp. 61-62. Extrait des registres de I'Academie royale des sciences. Du premier 
dicembre 1753. 

pp. 63-147. Troisihne et demise partie des considerations giographiques et physi- 
ques sur les nouvelles decouvertes au nord de la Grande mer, vulgairement appellee 
la Mer du Sud. 

art. 1. Observations giographiques sur la California. 

p. 74. Extrait des registres de I'Academie royale des sciences. Du24. juillet 1754- 
art. 2. Observations giographiques & historiques sur I'isle de Peso, & sur les different 
sentimens qu'on a eu a son sujet; avec plusieurs remarques sur le continent de 
I'Ohu-Ieso, & la terre de Gama. 

art. 3. Observations physiques sur les nouvelles dicouvertes au nord de la Grande 
mer, & sur les autres terres Arctiques. 

p. 148. Extrait des registres de I'Academie royale des sciences. Du 4. septembre 
1754. 



300 LIBKAEY OF CONGRESS 

Buache, Philippe— Continued. 

pp. 149-15B. Table des maliires. 

pp. 1-4. Luile des cartes concernant les nouvelles decouvertes au nord de la Grande 
mer, appellee vulgairement la mer du Sud . . . 
pp. [1-3] Expose des decouvertes au nord de la Grande mtr . . . 
Contents. 
Maps. 
no. [1] Carte des nouvelles decouvertes entre la partie orient^f de I'Asie el Vocdd^ 
del' Amerique . . . 1152. 

no. [2] Cartjt des dicouvM* de l'am<^ de Fonte selon la carte angloise donnee par 
I'ecrivain du vaisseau la Califomie dans son voyage a la baye d^ Hudson . . . 1752. 
no. [3] Carte du geometrique des decouvertes de Varrdral de Fonte et de son captaine 
Bcmarda . . . 1752. 

no. [4] Reduction d'une carte publiee a Nuremberg representant I'une des premieres 
idees qu'on s' est forme du Kamschatka et de ses environs . . . — Vue des glaces au 
milieu desquelks Von voit la piche qui sefait au nord-est de I'Asie . . . 1753. 
no. [5] Essai d'une carte que mr.Guillaume Delisle . . . avoit joint a son memoire 
presente a la cour en 1717 sur la Mer de I'Oueist. 1752. 

no. [6] Carte des terres aux environs de Japon . . . — Carte des terres nouvellement 
connues au nord de la Mer du Sud tant du c6te de I'Asie que du c6te de V Amerique 
. . . 1752. 

no. [7] Carte marine des parties septentrionales de la Grande Mer, et de I'ocean 
. . . 1752. 

no. [8] Carte physique des terreins les plus eleves de la partie ocddentale du Canada 
. . . 1754. 

no. [9] La Cali/ornie d'aprks une tris grande carte espagnole M.Sfde V Amerique. 
Dressee a Florence en 1604 par Malhieu Neron Pecdolen . . . — Carta du passage 
par terre a la Califomie . . . Inset: Partie de la California tiree de V Amerique 
Sept^f publiee en 1700 par Guillaume Delisk. 1754. 
no. [10] Carte de Visle de leso et de ses environs . . . 1754. 
no. [11] Carte du royaume et des isles de Lieou-Kieou. Reduite d'apris les cartes 
manuscrites que le R. P. Gaubil a dressecs en Chine le 6 novembre 1752. . . . 1754. 

Plates. 
no. 1. Vues des cdtes de la terre ou isle d'Eso . . . Dessinees sur les lievx en 1643 
par les Eollandois du vaisseau le Kastrikum . . . 1754. 
no. 2. Fin de la c6te meridionale d'Eso . . . 
no. 3. Vue de la partie meridionale de Visle des Etats ... 
no. 4. Vue de la partie sept '.'" Visle des etats et de la terre d'Eso . . . 
no. 5. Cdte de la partie septentrionale et orien 'r de la terre d'Eso . . . 
Consult also an account of admiral de Fonte'e voyage in Jean Benjamin de 
Laborde's Histoire abregce de la Mer du Sud . . . Paris, 1791, pp. 13-25, at the 
end of V. 1, with map opposite p. [1] at beginning of v. 1, and also Thomas 
Jeffery'8 The great probability of a north west passage: deduced from observations 
on the letter of admiral De Fonte, who sailed from the Callao of Lima on the dis- 
covery of a communication between the South Sea and the Atlantic Ocean; and to 
intercept some navigators from Boston in New England, whom he met with, then 
in search of a north west passage. Proving the authenticity of the admiraVs letter; 
with three explanatory maps, xxiv, 154 pp. 4°. London, for T. Jefferys, 1768. 
For references to the life of Buache, consult title 314. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 301 

1750 

Escandon, Jose, comle de la Sierra Gorda. 

Diseno dt4 Puerto del Xuevo Santander situado en la Costa 
Septentrional de Xueva Espana en la latitud de 24 g? 45 minut? 
y Longitud de 273 g^ 26 minut? segun el Meridiano de Tenerife. 
Ms. in colors. 31 x 40.5 cms. Original in Brit. Mus. Add. Ms. 
17.651-y. 

Alongside is a legend 25 x 40.5 cms. entitled: Reconocimiento 
hecho de la Bahia del Nuevo Santander en la Costa del Seno 
Mexicano en 10 de Agosto de 1750 p!^ el G! D? Joseph Escandon. 
Can be reduced to one fourth. 395 

XoTE. — In connection with this expedition to Xuevo Santander the following 
is extracted from Bethel Coopwood's NoUs on the history of La Bahia del Espiritu 
Santo, in the Quarterly of the Texas state historical association, October, 3898, pp. 
165-166: 

"After Escandon was commissioned to carry on the conquest and settlement of 
Nuevo Santander, he sent a captain with soldiers and settlers to take possession 
of la Bahia del Espiritu Santo claiming it as within his territory, and held it 
until ordered to remove his people to the south side of San Antonio river, then 
declared the boundarj-. This order was obeyed by Captain Basterra's removing 
the troops, settlers, missionarj- priests, converted Indians,, together with every- 
thing movable, including the bell, door, and name of the place, and placing 
the establishment on the south side of San Antonio river opposite the site 
selected for the new town of Balmaceda at Santa Dorotea. 
"The royal engineer, Don Augustin Lopez de la Camara Alta, made a map of 
Xuevo Santander, including in the northeastern portion of it the ancient site 
of the 'Presidio y Mision de la Bahia del Espiritu Santo,' showing it on the 
right margin of the 'Rio de Guadelupe,' and placing the site of Santa Dorotea 
of the left margin of the 'Rio de San Antonio,' also showing the Espiritu 
Santo bay into which the two rivers emptied. It also contains a tracing of the 
route of the troops in going to the presidio and mission on the Guadalupe. It 
was filed in the archives at Mexico, in connection with the report of Don Jose 
Tienda de Cuer\'0, royal inspector general, in 1757, and is still intact in 
volume 29 of the historical branch of the general archives. 
"In volume 55 of the same archives there is a report made by Escandon with a 
tabulated statement of the towns, etc., he had established, containing these 
words: 'Villa de Balmaceda en Santa Dorotea ... A este paraje se removio 
el Presidio y Mision de la Bahia del Espiritu Santo.' (Town of Balmaceda at 
Santa Dorotea. ... To this place the presidio and mission of la Bahia del 
Espiritu Santa were removed) 

" In one of his reports to the viceroy, Escandon recommended the reduction of 
the salaries of the captains of some of the new towns, among them 'el presidio del 
Espiritu Santo,' at which place he also proposed to establish a new town. And 
he also shows that after founding the town of Reynosa, he sent orders to the 
captain of the troops of Espiritu Santo, Juan Orobio y Basterra, to found the 
projected town on the Nueces river with the families that had gone out from 
Nuevo Leon. 

" In an application for a grant of land, made by Captain Jose Vasquez Borrego 
in 1750 in mentioning the settlements and their courses and distances from 
the land he asked for, he mentions ' la Bahia del Espiritu Santo now removed 



302 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

Escandon, Jose — Continued. 

to Santa Dorot^a,' showing that he then knew of this removal. And a testi- 
monio of this application is in the proceedings or expediente of the title among 
the ancient Spanish archives of Laredo, Texas." 

Also from an article by Zachary T. Fulmore, entitled The annexation of Texas 
and the Mexican war, in the same journal for July, 1901 : 

"When 3oe6 de Escandon, a military subaltern at Quer6taro, was commissioned 
to subjugate, settle, and organize the Tamaulipas region, the extent of his 
operations north confined him to a distance which took him to the Rio Grande. 
When he reached that point he stopped, but permitted Basterra, one of his 
captains, to go on to the Nueces. This officer went as far east as the Guadalupe 
river to the old mission, La Bahia del Esplritu Santo. He dismantled this 
mission and re-established it at Santa Dorotea (Goliad), on the San Antonio 
river. Accompanying his official report was a map, entitled 'Colonia de 
Nuevo Santander,' with that river as the eastern bounds of his province. 
From this circumstance the San Antonio river was regarded as the boundary 
notwithstanding the fact that San Antonio, further up the river, was and had 
been the capital of Texas since 1715. This continued to be regarded as the 
boundary until the Nueces was put down upon the maps as such, it is said, 
about the year 1805." 
Consult title 385 for other references to Escandon. 

1750 

Delisle, Guillaume, 1675-1726. 

Carta geografica dell' America Settentrionale. 42.7 x 33 cms. 
1 cart. Unsigned, undated. 

In his Atlanta Novissimo. Venezia. vol. ii (1750) wl396 

Note. — A description of the atlas from which this map is taken is found in 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 694. 
For references relating to the life of Delisle consult title 247. 

1750 

Delisle, GuiUaume, 167.5-1726. 

Carta Geografica deUa Florida neU' America Settentrionale. 
42.8 X 33 cms. 1 cart. Unsigned, undated. 

In his Atlante Novissimo. Venezia. vol. ii (1750) wl 397 

Note. — A description of the atlas from which this map is taken is found in 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 594- 
For references relating to the life of Delisle consult title 247. 

1750 

Robert de Vaugondy, GiUes, 168S-1766. 

Partie de la Mer du Nord, oil se trouvent Les Grandes et Petites 

Isles Antilles, et les Isles Lucayes. Par le S? Robert Geographe 

ordinaire du Roy, Avec Privilege. 1750. GuiU. Delahaye Sculp- 

sit. 59 X 48 cms. 1 cart. See Italian edition of 1779. wl 398 

Note. — This map is found in Atlas universel, par m. Robert, geographe ordinaire 

du roy et par m. Robert de Vaiu/ondy son fils . . . Paris, 1757~[1758] Consult 

Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 619. For the Italian edition see 

title 622. 

For references to Robert de Vaugondy consult title 364 of this work. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 303 

1750 

Robert de Vaugondy, Didier, 1726-17.S6. 

Amerique Septentrionalc, dressee, sur les Relations les plus 
iniHiernes des Voyageurs et Xavigateurs et divisee suivant les 
difterentes possessions des Europeens. Par le S? Robert de 
Vaugondy, fills de Mr Robert Geographe ordino du roy. Avec 
Privilege. 1750. 58.8 x 48 cms. 1 cart. wl 399 

Note. — This map is found in Atlas uniierstl, par m. Robert, geographie ordi- 
naire du roy et par m. Robert de Vaugondy son fils . . . Paris, i757-[J755] 
Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, tilU 619. For the itaUan edition 
see title 622. 

For reference to Robert de Vaugondy consult title 364 of this work. 
Title 400 of this work has been eliminated, as it is duplicated in title 401. 

1752 
Bowen, Emanuel, d. 1767. 

A new & accurate map of Louisiana, with part of Florida and 
Canada, and the adjacent countries. Drawn from surveys assisted 
by the most approved Enghsh & French maps & charts, by Eman. 
Bowen. 31.7 x 42 cms. Undated. 

In his A Complete Atlas, or Distinct View of the known World. 
London, for W. Innys . . . 1752. no. 57. lc 401 

Note. — For a description of the atlas from which this map is taken, consult 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 614- 

The map is a copy, with some additions, of the map by BeLlin, described in 
title 376. 

1752 
Bowen, Emanuel, d. 1767. 

Harbour of St. Augustine. 5.7 x 7 cms. L'nsigned, imdated. 
In his A complete atlas, or distinct View of the known World. 
London, for W. Innys . . . 1752. no. 66. lc 402 

Note. — This is an inset to a map by Bowen, entitled, "Particular draughts 
and plans of some of the principal towns and harbours belonging to the english, 
french, and Spaniards, in America ..." 

For a description of this atlas consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 
614- An interesting view of the city of St. Augustine about this date, is in the 
collection of the Library of Congress. It was purchased from E. Dufosseand is 
described in his catalogue no. 17, title 26,050 as a " Dessin original a la plume, 
d'une finesse extreme. Jolie piece dWne exiculion remarquable." 

1752 

Bowen, Emanuel, d. 1767. 

A new & accurate map of Mexico or New Spain together with 
California, New Mexico . . . By Eman. Bowen. 35.5 x 42.5 cms. 
Undated. 

In his A complete Atlas, or distinct view of the known world. 
London, for W. Iimys . . . 1752. no. 58. lc 403 

Note. — For a description of the atlas from which this work is taken consult 
Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 614- 



304 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1752 

Delisle, Joseph Nicolas, 1688-1768. 

Carte systematique d'une Partie de I'Amerique du N. O. pour 
rintcUigence des Decouvertes de rAm".' de Fuente par J. N. 
Delisle. 1752. Grave par P. F. Tardieu, Place de I'Estrapade 
N? 18. 15.5 X 20.3 cms. 

Exterior to measurement "Voyage de Marchand. PI. iii" 
above, and below "Grave par T. F. Tardieu" &c. wl 404 

Note. — Thia map is found in Charles Pierre Claret, conite de Fleurieu, 
Voyage autour du monde, pendant . . . 1790-1792 par Elienne Marchand . . . 
1798. Paris, 1798, v. 4, a copy of which is in the Library of Congress. 
It is also a section of map no. 7, to accompany Diderot's Encyclopaedic: ou 
dictionaire misonne des sciences . . . 1770-1779. The same maps are in the 
"Supplement," 1779, v. 5, pp. 179-198. 

For a description of the collection of these maps consult Phillips' List of Geo- 
graphical Atlases, title 1195. 

The folio wing works by Delisle with those referred to in title 394 are of interest 
in connection with this title: 

Grandjean de Pouchy, Jean Paul. Eloge de m. De L'Isle. 

[In Academie (L') royale des sciences. Histoire. 176S. 4°. Paris, 1770. pp. 
167-183] 

For a list of Delisle's works consult the " Table des noms des academiciens et de leur 
correspondans. 1666-1770." v. 4, pp. 218-221, of the above. 
Lettre d'un officier de la marine russienne d. un seigneur de la cour concemant la 
carte des nouvelle decouvertes au nord de la Mer du Sud, & le memoire qui y sert 
d'explication public par mr. De I'Isle. ■ A Paris en 1752. Traduit de I'ongiiml 
russe. 

[In Nouvelle bibliothique germaniqtie. juillet-sept. 1753. IS". Amsterdam, 
P. MoTlier, 1753. v. IS, pp. 46-87] 

A letter from a russian sea-officer, to a person of distinction at the court of St. 
Petersburgh; containing his remarks upon mr. de V Isle's chart and memoir, relative 
to the new discoveries northward and eastward from Kamtschalka. Together with 
som£ observations on that letter. By Arthur Dobbs ... To which is added, 
mr. de V Isle's explanatory memoir on his chart published at Paris, and now trans- 
lated from the original french. 8°. London, printed for A. Linde, and sold by 
J. Robinson, 1754. 2 p. I., 83 p. 

Contents. 

A letter from a russian sea-officer [signed: iV. A''.] — Observations upon the 
russian discoveries, &c. By governor Dobbs . . ' . A?i explanation of the map 
of the new discoveries northward of the South-sea. By mr. De L'Isle. — A 
letter by admiral Barthelemi Fonte . . . in which he gives an account of . . . 
his journal, from the Callao of Lima to Peru, and of his expedition for discovering 
whether there be any passage from the north-west of the Atlantic-ocean to the South- 
Sea, and that of Great Tartary. Tr. from the Spanish. 

Reviewed in Journal britannique, pour les mois de sept. & octobre 1754, 
V. IS, pp. 1-16. 
Portrait. 



THE LOWEEY COLLECTION 305 

[In Allgemeine geographische ephemeriden. 8°. Weimar, 1803, v. 11, p. Ii9] 
A noteworthy chart of the date of 1753 with the "Remarks" has considerable 
information relating to this expedition of Bartholom6 de Fuentes. It is entitled: 
" A dtart of North and South America . . . by John Green. P ublish' d according 
to Act of Parliament Feb. 19, 1753, by T. Jefferys . . ." The text is entitled: 
Remarks in support of the new chart of Xorth and South America in six sheets. 
By J. Green, esq. 1 p. I., 48 pp. sm. 4°. London, for Thomas Jefferys, 1733. 
These remarks contain lengthy criticisms upon the maps of the day. The 
Library of Congress has both the map and the explanation. There were various 
reprints of this map of Green. 

1754 

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

Karte von deni Mexicanischen Meerbusen und dem Inseln von 
America Zur allgemeinen Historie der Reisen. Von M. Bellin 
Ing!^. de la Marine. 1754. 38.2 x 27 cms. Exterior to text, 
u. r. h. cor. "X? 1"; I. r. h. cor. "T. 13J." 

In Allgemeine Historie der Reisen zu Wasser und zu Lande . . . 
Leipzig, Arkstee & Merkus, 1755. Gives route of Ponce de Leon in 
1512, erroneously marked "1712." wl 405 

Note. — This map is found between pp. 10-11, in v. 13, of the work described 

above. This is copied from the original french map published in Antoine 

Francois Prevost d'Exiles' Histoire genirale des voiages . . . Paris, 1754, v. 45, 

at end. In this map the routes of Ponce de Leon is accurately described as 

in"1512." , 

It is also in v. 18, bet. pp. 8-9, of the 1763 edition of the above mentioned 

work where it has, outside the lower border, the dutch title " Kaart van de 

golf van Mexico, en van de Amerikaanse eilanden. Door den hi Bellin, ingl der 

zeevaard. ' ' 

The original impression dated 1749 was published in BeUin's Atlas maritime, 

1751. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 613. 

For this edition BeUin wrote a descriptive text, a copy of which is in the Library 

of Congress, entitled: Observations sur la carte du golphe du Mexique, et des isles 

de I'Amerique, dressee au dep6t des carles . . . 1749. 17 pp. 4°. [Paris, 

Bellin, 1749] 

For later impressions of this map consult the following: 

La Harpe, Jean Francois de. Abrege de I'histoire genirale des voyages. 8". 

Pari.-i, hotel de Thou, 1780. v. 10, p. 1. 

Bellin, Jacques Xicolas. Le petit atlas maritime . . . fol. [Paris] 1764, v. 1 

■no. 47. 

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas. Atlas maritime, fol. Gines, Yves Gravier, 1801 

This contains the "seconde Edition annee 1774." 

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas. Teatro della guerra. fol. Venezia, V. Formaleoni, 
1781. 

Le Boucher, Odet-Julien. Histoire de la demiere guerre, entre la Grande-Bretag\ 
et les Etats TJnis. [anon.] Atlas. 4°. Paris, Brocas, 1787. no. 5. 
For notices of Bellin and his maps consult title 368. 
85241°— 12 20 



306 LIBE.VRY OF CONGRESS 

1755 

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

Carte de la Louisiane et des Pays Voisins. Dediee a M. Rouill6 
Secretaire d'Etat, ay ant le Departement de la Marine. Par le 
Sr. Bellin Ingr. Ord''.^ de la Marine. 1750 . . . Sur de Nouvelles 
Observations on a corrige les Lacs, et leurs Environs. 1755. 
61 X 47.5 cms. 

This is a larger plate and more accurate map than that of 1744. 
See Cartographic de la Louisiane par R. Thomassy. La Nou- 
velle Orleans. 1856. p. 219. wl 406 

Note. — The first edition of this map, dated 1750 is found in his Atlas maritime 
1751, no. n. Consult Phillips' List oj Geographical Atlases, title 613. 
For notices of Bellin and his maps consult title 368. 

1755 

BeUin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

Carte de I'Amerique Septentrional depuis la 28 degre de lati- 
tude jusqu'au 72 . . . 1755 Avec une description geographique de 
cette partie de I'Amerique . . . Shows New Mexico and a portion 
of the gulf coast of Mexico. 55.5 x 85.5 cms. LC 407 

Note. — A copy of this map is found in his Hydrographie /rariQoise, v. 2, no. 
• 56, described in Phillips' List oj GeograpMail Atlases, title 690. 
For a review of this map consult: 

Memoires de Trevoux. Juillet, 1756. 16°. Paris, 1756. pp. 18S7-1905. 
Journal des sgavans. AoUt, 1756. 16°. Amsterdam, M. M. Rey, 1756. pp. 
239-250. 

The Library of Congress has also the description by Bellin entitled: Remarques 
sur la carte de I'Amerique Septentrionale, comprise entre le 28e et le 72e degre de 
latitude, avec une description geographique de ces parties. 131 pp. 4°. Paris, 
Didot, 1755. 

The earliest map by Bellin, of this title, dated 1743, is found in Charlevoix's 
Journal d'un voyage fait par ordre du roi dans I Amerique Septentrionale . . . 
Paris, 1744, v. 5, front. It measures 11 x 13i inches. 

A german impression is found in Allgemeine historie der reisen zu wasser und zu 
lande . . . Leipzig, 1756, opp. p. 1. 

A modem reproduction is foimd in Charles de Bonnechose's Montcalm et le 
Canada fran^ais. 12°. Paris, 1877, at end. 
For references to Bellin and his works consult title 368. 

1755 

Anville, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d', 1697-1782. 

Canada, Louisiane et Terres Angloises par le Sr d'Anville . . . 
Novembre 1755 sous le privilege de I'academie. Chez I'auteur; 
aux Galeries du Louvre. 4 sheets; two measuring 47.5 x 55.5 cm. ; 
one 39 x 57 cm.; and the foixrth 46 x 56 cm., containing the inset 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 307 

"Les fleuve Saint-Laurent rcpr^sent^ plus en detail que dans 
I'dtendue de la carte . . ." 

In the margin of the lower left hand sheet is "G. De-la-Haye." 

LC 408 

Note. — This map was originally published with the article entitled Memoire 

sur la carte intituUe: Canada, Louisiane, & Terres angloises. 26 pp. 4°. 

[Paris, Le Breton, 1756] a copy of which is in the Library of Congress. 

It is extensively reviewed in the Journal des s^avans. Juin, 1756. 16°. 

Amsterdam, M. M. Rey, 1756. pp. 2.3-34.'] 

For his map of Louisiana of 1732 consult title 333. 

For references to the life and works of Anville consult title 326. 

Various copies of this map and also english impressions of the same are described 

in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 

1755? 

Bowen, Emanuel, d. 1767, and Gibson, John. 

-\n Accurate Map of North America. Describing and distin- 
guishing the British, Spanish and French Dominions on this great 
Continent; Exhibiting the present seat of war, and the French 
Encroachments Also all the West India Islands Belonging to, and 
possessed by the Several European Princes and States. The whole 
laid down according to the latest and Most authentick Improve- 
ments. By Eman Bowen Geog"": to His Majesty and John Gibson 
Engraver. Colored. 101.5 x 91.5 cms. 

In American maps. vol. i. no. 20. P. Lee Phillips in '"A List 
of Maps of America.'' gives P^ondon, 1755?] lc 409 

Note. — The latest date found in the Library of Congress copy of this map is 
"Sandoshe Usurped by the French 1751." 

A map in Thomas Jetferj-'s A general topography of Xorth Amenta, 1768 (con- 
sult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1196) has a similar engraved 
cartouche containing the title with considerable additional descriptive text 
and also the pro^-inces divided by boundary lines. It has the same insets; the 
title differs as follows: 

An Accurate Map of North America. Describing and distinguishing the British, 
Spanish, and French Dominions on this great Continent; According to the Definitive 
Treaty Concluded at Paris 10th Feb'y, 1763. Also all the West India Islands Belong- 
ing to, and possessed by the Several European Princes and States. The whole laid 
donn according to the latest and most authentick Improvements. By Eman Bowen, 
Geogr.- to Eis Majesty and John Gibson, Engraver. 

The same impression is found in Thomas Kitchen, A General atlas, 1770f and 
also in the edition of 1773. Consult Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 
64-3, and supplemental volume. 

Only one impression in the Library of Congress is dated, and that in separate 
form "Printed for Robert Sayer No. 53 Fleet Street as the Act Directs 2d July, 
1772." 

Most of these impressions have slight additions and eliminations. 
The Library of Congress has an impression of this map which shows various 
alterations and changes. The inset of California by Kino is omitted and is 



308 LII3RAKV OF CONGRESS 

Bowen, Emanuel — Continued. 

replaced by another, entitled 'A Map of the Country between Montreal, 
Albany and Oswego." The size is about the same. The cartouche is different 
and Bowen's and Gibson's names are omitted. The title within the cartouche 
is as follows: 

" North America, and the West Indies; a New Map, Wherein the British Empire and 
its Limits, according to the Definitive Treaty of Peace, in 1763, are accurately de- 
scribed, and the Dominions Possessed by the Spaniards, the French, & other 
European States. The whole Compiled from all the New Surveys, and Authentic 
Memoirs, that have hitherto appeared." 

Beneath the figures is the imprint "London, Printed for Car[r]ington Bowles, 
Map & Print Seller, No. 69 in S' Pauls Church Yard." The map has no date. 
Carrington Bowles, referred to, died in 1793. The "American maps " referred 
to in this title are a miscellaneous collection in the Library of Congress. 
See also title 472. 
An impression of this map dated 1783 is described in title 652. 

1755 
Cierto, Andres. 

Descripcion de las Costas de tierra firme, en la America Septen- 
trional, Islas de Barlovento, Seno Mexicano, Sondas, Canales, Islas 
y Arrecifes, sacados per las Latitudes y Long? del Piloto maior de 
la Harmada de Barlovento D" Bartliolome de la Rosa y ultimam". 
Emandado, por las que al presente se hallan correg'? por los Pilotos 
Practicos de este Seno, Calculado al Meridiano de Thenerife, Deli- 
neado por Andres Cierto 1° Piloto de la R' Harm''" Veracruz y 
Ap"". 1755. Ms. 110 X 82.7 cms. 

Original in Direc. de Hid. Madrid. Sec. 9. Cart. 2. Orig. 
Mss. Shows Florida as far as 37° N. lat. 410 

1755 
Cortes, Phelipe Feringan. 

"Piano de ])arte de la IsJa de Santa Ro-'ia, funta de siguenza, y 
costa de tierra firme que forma la entrada del Puerto" (Florida) 
"Santa Rosa punta de Sigiienza 26 de Agosta de 1755." 71 x 52 
cms. Ms. in colors. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 95; Caj. 7; 
Leg. 7. On one side is a "piano de un fuerte de campana proyec- 
tado para transferencia y establecimiento del Presidio nombrado 
vulgarmente Panzacola situado en la Isla de Santa Rosa Punta de 
Siguenza para executarlo en la parte de tierra firme que el Excmo. 
Sr. Virrey determine en vista del informe que remito." . . . No. 
202 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. 411 

1755 
Hinton, John, d. 1781. 

A Map of the British and French Settlements in North America. 
Univ. Mag. J. Hinton Newgate Street. 38 x 27.5 cms. Colors. 
1 cart. 



THE LOWERV COLLECTION 309 

In the Universal Magazine of Kjiowledge and Pleasure. Lon- 
don, Oct. 1755. vol. 17, pp. 144-145. wl 412 

Note. — John Hinton is the publisher of this magazine and therefore the map is 
credited to him. An inset to this map is entitled ■Fort Frederick at Crown 
Point built by the French 1731." The following explanation is in p. 145: 
".\11 the coloured part of this map, with those small spots on which the French 
have built forts, shews the right and possessions of Great Britain; and the 
various colours distinguish the several provinces, as their respective Governors, 
at present, exercise their jurisdictions. The uncoloured part of this map, to 
the northward of the river St. Laiu-ence, contains all the territories, France has 
any just right to, in North America. And the rest of the uncoloured part, to 
the southward of South Carolina, is all that belongs to Spain, according to the 
stipulations between Great Britain and that crown, in the year 1738. The Five 
Nations, called Iroquois by the French, are acknowledged, by the Treaty of 
Utrecht, to be friends and allies of Great Britain; and, consequently, all the 
lands belonging to them can by no means belong to France. So that we have a 
double claim, first, by right of prior discovery, and, secondly, as belonging to 
our friends and allies, to those countries, which France so unju-stly pretends to 
claim. The hereditary and conquered country of the Iroquois, or Fi\e united 
Nations of the Indians residing in the province of New York, which has been 
ceded and confirmed by them in many treaties, and a deed of sale, in 1701, and 
by France, in the treaties of Utrecht and Aix la Chapelle, to the crown of Great 
Britain, extends, to the eastward, from the south side of St. Laurence river to 
the western bounds of New England, and, on the north side of that river, to the 
Ilawas river and lake Abitibis: From lake Abftibis, south-west, to the north- 
east end of the lake ilichigan; and from thence, through that lake, to the river 
Illinois; and from thence, down that river, to the Mississippi. From the con- 
fluence of the rivers Illinois and Mississippi, its western boundary is the course 
of the Mississippi as far as Georgia. This is a vast country, extending about 
twelve hundred miles in length, from north to south, and from seven to eight 
hundred miles in breadth. 

' ' The pricked line, which nms from Escondido, in the Gulph of Mexico, along the 
AlUgany mountains, through New Hampshire, along Penobscot river, across 
the Bay of Fundi, to Cape Canso, is what the French are pleased to prescribe, 
as the boundary of our settlements; pretending, that all the country to the west- 
ward and northward of it, to the bounds of Hudson's-bay, belongs to them." 

1755 
Hinton, John, d. 1781. 

A New & accurate Map of the West Indies and the adjacent 
Parts of North & South America. Univ. Mag. J. Hinton, New- 
gate Street. R[obert] W[iUiam] Seale, sculp. 37.5 x 26.5 cms. 
Colors. 1 cart. 

In The Universal Magazine of Kaiowledge and Pleasure. Lon- 
don, Dec. 1755. vol. 17, p. 241. wl 413 

Note. — John Hinton is the publisher of this magazine and therefore the map 
is credited to him. The following explanation is on p. 241: 
"The parts of the map coloured red belong to the English; those coloured green 
to the Spaniards; those yellow to the French; and those blue to the Dutch, 
except St. Thomas's, which belong to the Danes. The neutral islands, not at 
present inhabited by the Europeans, are coloiu-ed brown. But. it should be 
observed, that the parts near the mouth of the Mississippi river, which are 



310 LIBRAKY OF CONGRESS 

Hinton, John — Continued. 

coloured yellow, because at present in the possession of the French, really 
belong to the English, and are within the bounds of South Carolina, according 
to the charter of 1665. See a map of the English and French settlements in 
North America, in our Magazine for October last, where this part is coloured red, 
as, in justice, belonging to the English." 

1755 
Huske, John, 1721 ?-1773. 

A New and Accurate Map of North America (wherein the Errors 
of all preceding British, French and Dutch Maps, respecting the 
rights of Great Britain, France & Spain & the Limits of each of 
His Majesty's Provinces, are Corrected.) Humbly Inscribed to the 
Honorable Charles Townshend . . . by . . . Huske. British statute 
miles 69 to a degree. Tho. Kitchen, sculp. Published ... by 
R. & I. Dodsley in Pall-mall 1755. 50 x 40..3 cms. Colors. 1 
cart. 

Inset in upper 1. h. cor., "A Map of Hudsons Bay &c." 9.7 x 8 
cms. Shows N. Flo., i. e., 29° N.- 51° N. lat. & a little W. of the 
Miss. River. lc 414 

Note. — This map is found in the anonymous work, 2d edition, 1755, by John 

Huske, entitled The present state of North America . . . London, printed for, 

and sold by R. and J. Dodsley, 1755. 

Huske was a nephew of gen. John Huske, whose life is given in the Dictionary of 

national biography; at the end of which notice is a short reference to the 

author of this map. 

Appleton's Dictionary of american biography, contains a more extensive notice 

of Huske. 

1755 

Le Rouge, George Louis. 

Canada et Louisiane Par le S"" le Rouge Ingenieur Geographe du 
Roy, a Paris rue des Augustins, Avec Privilege du Roi 1755. 
49.5 X 60.5 cms. 1 vignette "Sault du Niagara de 135 Pieds de 
haut." 

This is an assemblage of 3 maps: A. East Atlantic coast from 
28° to 52° 30' N. Lat. B. Louisiana with course of the Mississippi 
from 34° to about 48° N. Lat. C. The Mouth of the Mississippi 
River. D. A vignette of Niagara Falls. wl 415 

Note. — Very little seems to be known of the life of Le Rouge. Joseph Marie 
Qu6rard, in La France lilleraire, mentions that he was born in Hanover and gives 
alistofsomeof hisworks. The map was evidently intended for reference in con- 
nection with the boundary dispute relating to North America existing at that time 
between Great Britain and France. The Library of Congress has an impression 
■with ms. boimdary line and remarks copied from the map in the Memoires des 
commissaires du Roi ct de ceuxde sa majeste Britannique sur les possessions et les droits 
respectifs des deux Couronnes en Amerique . . . 1755. The map is entitled: 
"Carte d'une partie de V Amerique Septentrionale . . ." Another map, with 
accompanying text, published at this date, referred to frequently in connec- 
tion with this boundary and published in english, french, and dutch is a 
map by Jean Palairet (1697-1774), entitled: "Carte des possessions angloises et 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 311 

franfoises du coiilinent de I'Amirique Septentrionale, 1755." The english text 
is entitled: A concise description of the english and french possessions in North- 
America, for the better explaining of the map published with that title; the 
french: Description abrigee des possessions angloises el franfoises du continent 
septentriotial de V Amcrique, pour servir d' explication a la carte publice sous le 
meme litre; the dutch: Behiopte beschryving der engelsche en fransche bezilingen 
in het vasleland van Noord- America, dicnende tot verhlaaring van de landkaart onder 
dezelve tytel uitgegeven. All impressions of the map seem to have the french 
title. The map is also found in Palairet's Atlas mcthodique, 1755, a copy of 
which is in the Library of Congress. "Thos. Kitchin sculp." 
Title 420 gives the map to accompany the dutch edition. 
For a notice of the life of Palairet consult Dictionary of national biography. 

1755 

Lopez, Tomas, i. e. Tomas Lopez de Vargas Machuca, 1731- 
1S02, a)}d Cruz Cano y Olmedilla, Juan de la, 17.34-1790. 

Mapa tie la America Septentrional Dividido en dos partes. En la 
primera se descriven sus provincias segun los derechos que piensa 
tener a eUas la Corona de Franeia: en la segimda, segvm las pre- 
tensiones de la Inglaterra. Delineado por Lopez y Cruz Ano de 
1755. 52.2 X 41 cms. 

A small vignette, "Salto del Niagara," in upper 1. h. comer. 
Shows Florida N. of St. Augustine, West Florida, and as far west 
as Nachitoches — 75° W. long. 416 

Note. — For a reference to life of Lopez, with a list of his maps, consult Gabriel 
Marcel's Le gcographe Thomas Lopez et son oeuvre. In page 70 he gives the title 
of this map, with the date 1757, and states "II nous a 6t6 impossible de ren- 
contrer dans aucuns des depots que nous avons \-isites, cette oeuvre de jetmesse 
de Lopez publiee en collaboration avec D. Juan de la Cruz." For a notice of 
the life of Cruz Cano y Olmedilla consult Catarelo y Mori's Don Ramon de la 
Cruz, Madrid, 1S99. 

The Library of Congress has a map, without date, published about 1780, enti- 
tled: "Mapa de la America Septentrional. Por d. Jitan Lopez, geSffrafo del rey. 
2" edicion." 

1755 

Lopez, Tomas, i. e. Tomas Lopez de Vargas Machuca, 1731- 
1S02, and Cruz Cano y Olmedilla, Juan de la, 1734-1790. 

Mapa Maritime Del Golfo de Mexico e Islas de la America, Para 
el uso de los Navegantes en esta parte del Mimdo, Construido sobre 
las mexores memorias, y observaciones Astronomicas de Longi- 
tudes, y Latitudes. Dedicado a la Catholica Magestad de Don 
Fernando vi Rey de Espana, y de las Yndias, por sus mas Ren- 
didos, y fieles VasaUos, Thomas Lopez, y Juan de la Cruz Ano de 
1755. 2 sheets, each 38.7 x 55.7 cms. The entire map 78.5 x 55.7 
cms. WL 417 

Note. — This map is mentioned in pages lOli-104 of Marcel's Life of Lopez, 
referred to in title 416. It includes the whole country around the gulf of 
Mexico, with soundings. For a notice of Cruz Cano y OlmedUla, consult that 
title. 



312 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1755 

A Map of the British and French Settlements in North America: 
[Part the first] Containing Canada, Nova Scotia, New found land, 
New England, part of New York, with the Lakes, Six Nations, 
and all the Countries Westward in the same Parallels so far as 
Discover'd; exhibiting the just Boundaries, and the French En- 
croachments; Laid do\vn from Authentic Surveys, T. Bowen, Sculp'. 
(En-tete) 49 x 19.1 cms. x 20.7 with en-t^te. 

In Miscellanous Correspondence ... By Benjamin Martin. 
1755-1756. London, W. Owen, 1759. vol. 1. bet. pp. 68-69. 

WL 418 
Note. — A copy of the work containing this map, is found in the collection 
of the Library of Congi-ess. It explains a descriptive text entitled A char and 
succinct account of North America . . . According to Sabin in his Bibliotheca 
Americana, this text was afterwards reprinted in separate form in Dublin in 1775. 
T. Bowen is evidently Thomas Bowen, a well-known cartographer of that 
period. For the second part of this map, consult title 419. The map is most 
interesting from an historical standpoint. It gives boundaries, roads, english 
factories, forts, etc. 

1755 

A Map of the British and French Settlements in North America; 
[Part the second] containing Part of New York, Pennsylvania, New 
Jersey, Mary Land, Virgmia, North & South Carolma, Georgia, 
Louisiana, and all the Coimtries Westward in the same Parallels 
so far as Discovered, shewing the Course of the Rivers Ohio, 
Missisipi (sic) &c. exliibiting the just Boundaries & the French 
Encroachments. Laid down from Authentic Survej^s. T. Bowen^ 
Sc. (En-t6te) 49 x 19.1 cms. x 20.7 with en-tete. 

In Miscellaneous Correspondence . . . By Benjamin Martin, 
1755-1756. London, W. Owen, 1759. vol.1, pp. 68-69. WL 419 
Note. — For information relating to this map, consult title 418. 

1755 

Ottens, Reiner and Ottens, Joshua. 

Carte des Possessions Angloises & Francoises du Continent de 
I'Amerique Septentrionale. — Kaart van de Engelsche en Fransche 
Bezittmgen in het Vaste Land van Noord America, 1755. k 
Amsterdam Chez R. et J. Ottens, Geographes. 56.5 x 41.3. 
Colors. 

The above title is an en-tete, exterior to the measurements. 

WL 420 

Note. — This map accompanies a descriptive text by Jean Palairet, 1697-1774, 
entitled: Beknople beschryving der engelsche en fransche besittingen, in het 
vaste-land van Noord-Ameriea, dienende tot verklaaring van de land-haart onder 



THE LOWF.RY COLLECTION 313 

dezelve tytel uitgegcien, door J. Palairet . . . Uit het fransch vertaalt. Door 

H. W. Lohner, 72 pp. 16°. Te Amsterdam, R. & J. Ottms, 1755. A copy of 

this work is in the Library of Congress. 

It is a translation of his Description abregee des possessions angloi.<irs et fran^oises 

du continent septentrionale de V Amerique . . . 

For information relating to Palairet and the various editions of this work, 

consult title 415. For information relating to the Ottens, consult title 323. 

The map here described was first published as number 14 in Palairet's Atlas 

methodique, 1754. The Library of Congress has the edition of 1755. 

1755 

Seligmann, Johann Michael. 

Carolinae, Floridae, nee non Insvlarvm Bahamensivm cum par- 
tibus adjaceiidibus delineatio ad Exemplar Londinense in lucem 
edita a loh. Michael Seligmann. Maastab 60 meilen auf einem 
grad. Norimbergae A" 1755. 58 x 42.7 cms. Colors. 1 cart. 

LC 421 

XoTE. — Seligmann is only the editor of this impression. It is found in the 
french edition of Mark Catesby's Bistoire naturelle de la Caroline, la Floride 
et les isles Bahama, fol. Nvremberg, heritiers de Seligmann, 1770. 
The first impression of this map is foimd in the London edition of 1731. 
This map was originally published in Mark Catesby's A natural history of 
Carolina . . . 1737. For reference to this impression and others, and for 
notice of the life of Catesby, consult title 327. This latin impression, given in 
the title, was originally published in the german edition, entitled; Die 
beschreibung von Carolina, Florida, und den Bahamischen inseln . . . von 
Marcus Catesby . . . in das deutsche iibersezet [.'] von d. Georg Leonhard Huth. 
fol. Nurnberg, J. M. Seligmann [1755] and is also found in the french edition 
of Catesby, entitled: Histoire naturelle de la Caroline, la Floride et les i.iks 
Bahama, fol. Nvremberg, heritiers de Seligmann, 1770. 

1755 

Tirion, Isaak, d. 1769? 

Nieuwe kaart van de Grootbrittannische volkplantingen in 
Noord America Waar in tevens de Fransche Bezittingen en de Lan- 
den, tusschen die beide Volken in geschil staande en de weder- 
zydsche Pretensien duidelyk aangewezen worden. Getrokken 
uit de beste Kaarten van de Hv. Mitchell en anderen. Ter ophel- 
dering van de Hedendaagsche Historie van Groot Brittanje. 
Te Amsterdam b}^ Isaak Tirion 1755. 45 x 36 cms. wl 423 

Note. — Title 422 is eliminated from this list, as it is a duplicate of title 408. 
The map here mentioned by Tirion is taken from his atlas entitled Nieuwe en 
beknopte hand-atlas . . . 1744-1769, described in Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases, title 600. 

1756 

Homann heirs. 

America Septentrionalis a Domino d'Anville in Galliis edita nunc 
in Anglia Coloniis in Interiorem Virginiam deductis nee non 



314 LIBKAKY OF CONGRESS 

Homann — Continued. 

Fluvii Ohio cursu aucta notisq, geographicis et historicis illus- 
trata. Sumptibus Homannianorum Heredum Noribergse. A" 
1756. 50.5 X 45.5 cms. 

Based on d' An villa's map of 1746, and shows Florida as far as the 
"Boundaries of South Carolina by charter 1665" and extends to 
92° West Long, from London. wl 424 

Note.— This map is found in the Library of Congress copy of the Homann 
heirs, Atlas geograiphicva maior . . . 1759, described in Phillips' List of Geo- 
graphical Atlases, title 622. 

An impression, dated 1777, is described in a copy of the same list, title 624. 
For references to the life and works of Anville consult title 326. For his 
map of North America consult titles 381-382. 

The map shows the ' ' Bounds of Hudson Bay by the Treaty of Utrecht , " " Bounds 
of Virginia and New England," "Bounds of Virginiaand Carolina," etc. 

1756 
Lopez, Augustin. 

Piano de la Baiay Puerto de S't Maria de Galbe y del Presidio 
llamado Pansacola cituado en la Isla de S'* Rosa, y por inundarse 
toda con las cressientes de la mar, haviendo estado su guarnieion y 
demas que existen para perderse, por ser su terreno de arena 
fluida . . . se proiecta el Castillo de S'^ Barbara en tierra firme . . . 
deviendose plazar entre el lugar de S". Miguel y su arroio de agua 
dulze para vever que si intro duze al foso &c. D. Agustin Lopez, 
1756. Ms. 

Original in Dep. de la Guerra. Madrid. Arch, de Mapas. L. M. 
8a. — la. — a. No. 19. Inset in lower r. h. cor. "Bateria de S° 
Carlos", 22 x 22 cms.; and on r. h., "S'l' Barbara", 29. 5 x 23.5 
cms. & an historical legend across bottom of map. Interesting. 

425 
1756 
MitcheU, John, d. 1768. 

Amerique Septentrionale avoc les Routes, Distances en miles, 

Villages et Etablissements Franpois et Anglois Par le Docteur 

Mitchel Traduit de I'Anglois a Paris par le Rouge Ing? Geographe 

du Roy rue des Grands Augustins 1756. 190.5 x 130 cms. 1 cart. 

It has also a German sub-title: North America so Doctor 

Michel (sic) zu London im 1755; ten jahr ausgegcben jetzt aber 

in das franzosiche ubersetzet zu Paris . . . Shows north of 28° 

N. lat. giving northern portion of E. & W. Florida; Bay of St. 

Bernard and Gulf coast. New Mexico not shown. LC 426 

Note. — This map is a french translation of one of the most notable maps ol 

the time. '^Tiile the french edition is given in this list, the original english 

impression, published in 1755, is not mentioned. It has been quoted and 

reproduced in all the boundary disputes that have occurred with foreign 

countries. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 315 

A life of the author, John Mitchell, is found in Dictionary of national biography. 
The original title reads as follows: 

''A map of the British and JFrcnch dominions in North America, with the roads, 
distances, limits, and utent of the settlements. Humbly inscribed to the right 
honourable the earl of Halifax, and the other right honourable the lords commissioners 
for trade & plantations. By their lordships most obliged and very humble servant 
Jno Mitchell. Thos. Kitchin, sculp. English miles 69i to a degree. 521 x 76i. 
London, printed for Jefferys & Faden. Publish'd by the author Fchv 7J'A, 7755. 
"This map was undertaken with the approbation and at the request of 
the lords commissioners for trade and plantations; and is chiefly composed 
from draughts, charts and actual sur\-eys of different parts of his majesties colo- 
nies & plantations in America ; great part of which have been lately taken by 
their lordships orders, and transmitted to this office, by the governors of the said 
colonies and others. John Pownall, secretar>-. Plantation office, feb^ IS* 
1755". 

Besides this french edition as described in the title, the Library of Congress 
has a copy of the first french impression in eight sheets with this title: 
"Amerique Septentrionale avec les routes, distances en miles, limites et etablissements 
fran^is et anglois. Par U docteur Mitchel traduit de I'anglois a Paris. Par le 
Rouge ingX geographe du roy rue des Grands Augusti^is, 17-56." 
A copy of the impression, with french and german title is found in Roch-Joaeph 
Julien's TheAtre du monde, 1768, described in Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases, title 641. 

The Librarj' of Congress has also in separate form the same impression "Corig^e 
en 1776 par m. Hawkins Brigadier des armees du Roi." Also the impression of 
1783 found in George Louis Le Rouge, Atlas Ameriquain Septentrional, 1778- 
[1792] described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 1212. 
In a collection of maps by Jean Covens and CorneUlf. Mortier, recently acquired, 
which wUl be described in a supplementar>' list to Phillips' List of Geograph- 
ical Atlases, iBa,n englishimpiession eutMed "A map of the brilish and french 
dominions in Xorth America, with the roads, distanies, limits, and extent of the 
settlements, by Jn° Mitchell D. F. with improvements — at Amsterdam, printed for 
I. Covens and C. Mortier." Most of the descriptive text and the inset entitled, 
"A new map of Hudson's bay and Labrador from the late surveys of those coasts," 
found in all the other editions are omitted. This dutch imprint edition con- 
tains the three following insets not found in other impressions. 
[1] Plan of la rilU de Quebec. 

[2] Plan du port et ville de Louisbourg, dans I'Isle Royale. 
[3] Plan of the town of Halifax in Nova Scotia. 

For a reduced impression of this map consult title 596 under Le Rouge. 
An interesting french map which is here well worth noting is entitled, "Carte 
des possessions frangoises et angloises dans le Canada, et partie de la Louisiane. 
A Paris, ches le sieur Longchamps, geographe, rue Saint Jaques, d. I'enseigne de 
la place des Victoires, C. P. if. 1756." 

It has an inset entitled, " suplhnent pour Us possessions frangoises et angloises 
au sud de la Louisiane. Gravi par Chambon." The whole map measures 
within the border, 21 x 30 inches. 

1757 

Covens, Johannes, ai^d Mortier, Cornells. 

Archipelague du Mexique oil sent les Isles de Cuba, Espagnole, 
lamaique, &c Par Jean Covens et Comeille Mortier. a Amster- 
dam Avec Privil. des Etats. Undated. 99 x 57 cms. 1 cart. 



316 LIBEARY OF CONGRESS 

Covens, Johannes, ami Mortier, Cornells — Continued. 

Exterior to measurement: Theatre de la Guerre en Amerique 
telle qu'elle est a present Possedee par les Espagnols, ^inglois, 
Francois, et Hollandois, &c: Nouvellement mis au jour, Par Covens 
et Mortier, G&)graphes a Amsterdam. In an ornamental car- 
touche in u. r. h. cor., 3 inset plans: La Vera Cniz; La Havana; 
and Baye de Porto Bello. Also a 2d plan without title, of Isle de 
S5 lean Delua, which is 14 x 8.3 cms. This appears to be a repub- 
lication of a similar map in two parts, one of which is entitled: 
"Theatre de la Guerre en Amerique telle cju'elle est a present 
Possedee par les Espagnoles" as an en-tete and which measures 
51 X 56 or 59 cms., in "Atlas Nouveau Des Cartes Geographiques 
choisies, ou le Grand Theatre de la Guerre ... A Amsterdam 
Chez Pierre Mortier . . . 1703." wl 427 

Note.— Consult title 257 for an impression of this map by Pierre Mortier alone, 
in two partsand conta.ining only the inset, " Isle de St. Jean Delua," deacrihed 
in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, under Pieter Mortier, title 2823. 
Another copy of the same impression but in one sheet is in the collection of 
the Library of Congress. 
For references to Pieter Mortier, consult title 145. 

1757 

Venegas, Miguel, 1680-1764. 

Carta de la Mar del Sur, 6 Mar pacifico, entre el Equador, y 39^ 
de latitud Septentrional hallada por el Almirante Jorge Anson 
en el Galeon de Phihpinas, que apreso. "Viage de Anson. Lib. 3. 
Cap. 8. pag. 305; Mapa 33." "loseph Gonzz. sculpt. M"?" 
23 X 23.5 cms. Unsigned. 

In his Noticias de la California . . . Madrid, 1757. v. 3, pp. 
236-237. Apparently extracted from "Viage de Anson." 

LC 428 

Note.— A copy of this work containing the map is in the Library of Congress. 
In the life of Michel Venegas, 1680-1764, in Backer's Bibliothiqiie de la com- 
pagnie de Jesu . . . v. 8, pp. 558-561, is this title: 

"La carte de la Califomie, du t. i est gravce par P. Pena; les trois du t. in sont 
gravees la Ire par le P. Konsag, les deux autres par Mamiel Rodriguez." 
The map is taken from Anson's A voyage round the world, published in 1748. 
A reproduction entitled, "A chart of the Pacific Ocean" is found in A. E. 
Nordenskiold's Periplus, p. 191. Also in the Kohl collection, numbers 290 and 
291. The following is a manuscript border description relating to the map 
from number 290 of this collection: 

"George Anson on his famous circumnavigation of the Globe captured as is 
well known, the Spanish Manilla 'Galeon Nuestra Seiiora de Cabadonga' in the 
Chinese Waters at the end of the year 1742. He found in her immense treas- 
ures, and amongst her papers also a Spanish map of the Northern Pacific Ocean. 
' ' The Original of this map appears unhappily to be lost to us. But after the short 
description, which Anson gave of it, it soems to have comprised a picture of the 
whole Northern Pacific as high as 3UJ° N. L. It was probably one of those 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 317 

charts, as the Manilla Galeons usually had them in crossing, from Asia to 
America. It may have been an old Spanish map. We can give to it no other 
date but the year 1742, in which it was captured. 

"In the work: 'Anson's Voyage Round the World. London, 1748,' a reduced 
copy of it is communicated, on which the Longitudes appear to be taken West 
from the Meridian of S. Bernardino in the Philippinas, two degrees West from 
Cabo Spirito Sto. — On this map the Coasts of California are represented, as the 
copy on the first of the annexed sheets shows it. We learn from it, that the 
Spaniards then did know more of California than our other European Geog- 
raphers. The figure of the Coasts and the names appearing on them seem to 
indicate, that the map principally rested on the survey and exploration of Viz- 
cayno (in 1602). 'Punta, de los Reyes' and 'Los Farallones' indicates our 
S. Francisco-Bay, though in a somewhat too high Latitude. 'Punta de 
Pinos'=our Monterey harbour. The Coast round 'Punta de la Concepcion' 
(Point Conception) is very well indicated. 

"The islands of the 'Sta Barbara ' Channel have only partly still the same names 
to-day. 

" 'Pto de S. Diego' has a somewhat too high Latitude. 

"'Bay de S. Francisco,' in 30"^ N. L. must not be confounded with our 'S. 
Francisco' Bay in Upper California. It is a more Southern bay, which was 
also called so on Viscayno's voyage. 

"The Southern extremity of California: 'Cabo S. Lucas' has its true Latitude: 
22^'= N. 

"This map captured by Anson at the time being seems to have excited a good 
deal of interest amongst the geogra.phers. The first, who copied it, and embodied 
it into his larger works, filling with it a great gape in the North-west-Coast of 
America, was Jefferj's, then a most active chartographer in London. How he 
did this shows the second annexed sheet, which is a copy of his chart of the 
North Pacific. It was as Jeffrj-s says 'laid down chiefly from the Spanish 
chart, used on board the Cabadonga, taken by Anson 1743 (ought to be 1742) 
which is scarce reconcilable with other charts and journals either as to the 
names or situation of Places.' 

' ' We find on it also many groups of islands, which were probably depicted on the 
Spanish map. For instance the Sandwich islands called: 'La Mesa,' 'Los 
Monges' etc. They have their Latitude, but are placed much too far East. 
" Jefferys has added to the map the routes of different navigators, and likewise 
his and other geographers ideas about the 'River of the West.^ Jefferys himself 
thinks that the old 'Opening discovered by D'Aguilar 1603,' is the true great 
river of the West, and has it consequently in about the latitude of our present 
Columbia-River. He has also a nameless broad inlet in the latitude of De 
Fuca-strait. 

"Farerto the Xnrth-west he writes: ' Fousang of the Chinese' because many 
geographers of the time believed then, as Du Halde had made them believe, 
that the 'countrj' of the East' (Fousang) of the Chinese was America, and not, 
as it really is, Japan. 

"The map of the 'Indian Ochagach,' of which Jefferys speaks we will commu- 
nicate among our Canadian maps. (See our collection) " 
From ^^'insor's description of this collection, p. 136, is this extract: 
"A map of the North Pacific was found by Anson in 1742, on board a Spanish 
ship captured by him on the China coast. It was engraved on a reduced scale 
in Anson's Voyage Round the World, London, 1748. It was next embodied by 
Jefferj's in his map of the North Pacific, and of this the present map is a copy. 
Jefferys, however, made some additions to the original Spanish map. He says 



318 LIBEAEY OF CONGKESS 

Venegas, Miguel — Continued. 

of this prototype, that it is scarcely reconcilable with other charts and journals, 
as to the names and situations of places. The English cartographer also 
pricks out the tracks across the Pacific of Gaetan (1542), Mendana (1568), 
Francisco de Gualle (1583), Cavendish, Spilbergen (1616), Fronolat (1709), and 
of the track each way of the 'Nuestra Seiiora de Cabodonga' (1743), the ship 
captured by Anson. Jefferys calls the northern parts of the coast the Chinese 
'Fousang,' while Kohl believes that debatable region to have been Japan." 
Consult life of lord George Anson, 1697-1762, in Dictionary of national biography. 

1757 

Mapa de parte de la Provincia de Texas. 33 x 33 cms. Ms. in 
colors. Unsigned, undated. Anonymous. 

Original in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 96; Caj. 2; 
Leg. 12. Transmitted by the Viceroy of New Spain April 18, 
1757. Includes from New Orleans and the Mississippi River to 
St. Augustine and the Trinity and San Jacmto Rivers. No. 205 
in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." Tomo 1. 429 

Note. — The viceroy at this period was Agustin de Ahumada y Villalon, mar- 
ques de las Amarillas, d. 1760. For notice of his life consult H. H. Bancroft's 
History of Mexico, v. 3, pp. 359-360. 

Consultalso Alejandro Prieto's Eistoria geografia y estadistica del estado de Tamau- 
Upas. 

1757 
Anbile, N. N. 

Mapa de la Pimeria alta con los Rios Colorado y Gila, segun 
las observaciones retratada por Don N. N. Anbile. 37.5 x 25.8 cms. 
Ms. in colors. 

Original in Arch Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 67; Caj. 3; 

Leg. 31. Transmitted with reports &c. on the campaign agamst 

the Seris Indians. Extends from 30° to 36° 40' North Lat. and 

91° 41' to 101° "longitude west of the first meridian." Indicates 

the location of the rivers Colorado and Gila and their affluents 

and of the Yumas, Cocomaricopas, Sobaiporis, Piros, Apaches, 

Yanos, &c. No. 206 in Lanzas, "Mapas de Mexico y Florida." 

Tomo 1. 430 

Note. — For information relating to this campaign, consult H.H.Bancroft, North 

Mexican States, v. 1, pp. 556-7. Also letters of 1757 of Barthom6 Sanchez, in 

Documentos para la Eistoria de Mexico, quarta serie, torn. 1, a copy of which is 

in the Library of Congress. 

Also an article by Herbert E. Bolton entitled, The Spanish ahandonment and 
re-occupation of east Texas, in the Quarterly of the Texas stale historical associa- 
tion, October, 1905. 



THE LOWEKY COLLECTION 319 

1767 

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

Carte de la Floriile, de la Louisiane, et Pays Voisins. Pour 
servir a I'Histoire Generale des Voyages. Par M. B. Ing. de la 
Marine 1757. 30.2 x 21. S cms. ^t. 431 

Note. — Found in Jean Franjoia de La Harpe's Abrege de I'Mstoire generale des 
voyages. 8°. Paris, hdtel de Thou, 1780. v.l4,p.l. For references to the early 
editions of this map and information about Bellin consult titles 368 and 406. 

1757 

BeUin, Jacques Nicolas, 1703-1772. 

Karte von Carolina und Georgien Zur allgemeinen Geschichte 
der Eeisen. Aus den engliEndischen Nachrichten von M. B. Ing. 
de la Marine 1757. 25.2 x IS. 3 cms. Exterior to measurement, 
"Xo. 19." 
The names are given in german. wl 432 

Note. — This map was originally published in french in a work by Antoine 
Francois Provost d'Exiles, entitled Hisloire generale des voiages. 1758. v. 55. 
Is also published in the Amsterdam edition of 1774, v. 21, opp. p. 300; and in 
Jean Franfois de la Harpe's Abrege de Vhistoire generale des voyages. S°. 
Paris, hotel de Thou, 1780. v. 14, p. 148. The impression here mentioned 
is from Allgemeine historie der reisen zu wasser und zu lande . . . 8°. Leipzig, 
Arhstee & ilerhts, 1758.. v. 16, no. 19. 
For notices of the life of Bellin consult title 368. 

1757 

Covens, Johannes, and Mortier, Cornelis. 

L'Amerique Septentrionale, Dressee sur les Memoires le (sic) 
plus recens des meilJeurs Geographes, & publiee par Covens & 
Mortier a Amsterdam, mdcclvii. 60 x 46 cms. Colored out- 
line. 1 cartouche. 

Inset in 1. h. upper comer, a map wdthout title of "Terres 
Arctiques. " 19.5x10 cms. "m> 433 

Note. — This map is found in the atlas of C6vens and Mortier entitled Atlas 

nouveau. It is in the volume containing maps of America of the collection in 

nine voliunes. These volumes will be fully described in a supplementary' list 

to Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases. 

Another impression in the Library of Congress is found in the collection of maps 

under the name of Delisle, all published by C6vens and Mortier, described in 

Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 565. 

The same map containing the words "Les xiii Etals Unis" in the center 

between the Mississippi River and Virginia is found in Covens and Mortier's 

Nieuwe alias, described in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 595. 



320 LIBJRAKY OF CONGRESS 

1757 

Le Page du Pratz, d. 1775. 

Carte do la Louisiane Colonie Franpaise avec le Cours du Fleuve 
S- Louis, les Rivieres Adjacentes, les Nations des Naturels, les 
Etablissem? Franpais et les Mines. Par I'Auteur de rHistoire 
de cette Province. 1757. 34 x 25.7 cms. Unsigned. 

In his Histoire de la Louisiane. 16°. Paris, 1758. vol. 1, p. 
138. WL 434 

Note. — A notice of the life of the author is found under Pratz, in Biographic 
universelle (Michaud) v. 34, p. 295. A copy of this work is in the collection of 
the Library of Congress. 

1757 

Le Page du Pratz, d. 1775. 

A map of Louisiana, witli the course of the Missisipi and the 
adjacent Rivers, the Nations of the Natives, the French Estab- 
lishments and the Mines; By the Author of y" History of that 
Colony. 1757. 34 x 25.8 cms. 1 cart. Unsigned. 

In his The History^ of Louisiana or of The Western Parts of 
Virginia and Carolina . . . London. . . 1763. v. 1. Lc 435 

Note. — The copy of this english translation, containing the map, is in the col- 
lection of the Library of Congress. For the french original and a notice of the 
author, consult title 434. 

1757 

Venegas, Miguel, 1680-1764? 

Al Rey N. S. La Provincia de la Compania de J. H. S. de Nueva 
Espana 1° O. D. y C. 1757 (m upper cart.) — Mapa de la California 
su Golfo y Provincias fronteras en el Continente de Nueva Espana 
(in lower cart.) P Pena sculp. 20 x 31.5 cms. and 31.5 x 36.8 
cms. includmg 10 marginal vignettes. 2 cart. 

In his Noticias de la California ... 8°. Madrid, 1757. v. 1. 
front. . Reprinted in 1759 in English edition. "Dressed on Kino's 
map of 1701." Coues, in Diary of Francisco Garc^s. New York, 
1900, p. 144. LC 436 

Note. — A copy of this work containing the map is found in the collection of the 
Library of Congress. An excellent reproduction is in a work also in the Library 
by Fortunato Hernandez, entitled Las razas indigenas de Sonom y la giierra del 
Yaqui . . . Mexico, 1902. 
For a notice of Venegas and his work, consult title 42S. 

1757 
Venegas, Miguel, 1680-1764 ? 

.Vii accurate map of California. Drawn by the Society of Jesuits 
<Si dedicated to the King of Spain. "J[ohn] Gibson sculp." 20 x 
31.5 cms. 1 cart. Unsigned. Undated. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 321 

In his A national and civil liistorj- of California . . . Trans- 
lated from the origLaal Spanish of Miguel Venegas, a Mexican 
Jesuit. . . 2 V. London. . . 1759. v. 1. p. 1-3. lc 437 

Note. — The copy of this work containing the map is in the collection of the 
Library of Congress. It does not contain the border illustrations, as in the 
original Spanish map. For this original map, see title 436. For a notice of 
Venegas and his work, consult title 428. 

1768 

Covens, Johannes, and Mortier, Cornells. 

Carte de la Louisiane, Man'land, Virginia, Carohne, Georgia, 
avec une Partie de la Floride. A Amstardam chez Covens & 
Mortiar, 1758. C. Sepp sculpsit. 58.3 x 38.3 cms. wl 438 

Note. — The Library of Congress has two impressions of this map, one found in 
the nine-volume atlas of Covens and Mortier, entitled Atlas nouveau, which will 
be described in a supplementarj- volume to Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases; the other in a collection of maps under the name of DeUsle, described 
in Phillips' List of Geographical Atlases, title 565. 

176-? 
MandeviUe, — . 

Carte de la Louisiane et particuHerement du fiauve Mississipi, 
Drassee sur celles de M". las Ingenieurs ici apres nommes . . . 
Broutin . . . Duverge . . . de VLnce . . . Gonichon . . . 
SaufBer . . . Mandaville . . . BaUin . . . Damvilla [D'Anvilla] 
Delafosse. Ms. 85.5 x 14.1 cms. 

Original ia Dep. de la Guerra. Madrid. Arch, da mapas. 
L. M. 8a. -la. -no. 11. Below it divided by a line only is: Partie 
da la Coste c'y dessus comprise entre les points E. F. sur une plus 
grande Echalla Levee par Mr. de Mandaville en 176-. 85.5 x 36.5 
cms. 439 

1760? 

A map of the New Governments, of East & West Florida. 25 x 19 
cms. Unsigned, tmdated. Anonymous. 

Inset in 1. h. cor: Plan of tha Harbour and settlement of Pan- 
sacola. 10.7 x 8 cms. lc 440 

Note. — From the Gentlemen's magazine, for november, 1763, v. 33, p. 552. 
Accompan>'ing this map is a descriptive text entitled, "Some account of the 
government of East and West Florida; with a map of the country, according to the 
limits laid down by the royal proclamation." 

In Thomas Jeff erys' A general topography of North America and the West Indies, 
176S, is a map titled in the list of contents, "A map of Florida divided into East 
and West Governments, as established by his majesty in council, October 7th, 176.J 
..." The map, however, has a title, " Florida from the latest authorities, by 
85241°— 12 21 



322 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

A map of the New Governments, of East & West Florida — Contd. 

T. Jefferys ..." Following this is another map entitled, "Plan of the harbour 
and settlement of Pensacola. T. Jefferys, sculp. Plate 2, page 9." This plan ia 
mentioned in title 512, under date 1768. It was originally published in 
Thomas Jefferys' A description of the Spanish islands and settlements on the 
coast of the West Indies . . . 1762 and also in the second edition of the same 
work, published in 1774. The atlas above mentioned is described in Phillips' 
List of Geographical Atlases, title 1196. The two editions of the " Description" 
are found in the collection of the Library of Congress. 

1760? 

Piano del fuerte de San Marcos de Apalache que se esta Construiendo 
en la Provincia de San Agustin de la florida y la total Reparacion 
del fuerte Antiguo que estaua mui yndefenso. Ms. 73.7 x 68 
cms. Unsigned, imdated. Anonymous. 

Original in Dep. de la Guerra. Madrid. Arch, de Mapas. 
L. M. 8a.-la.-a.-no. 21. The "fuerte antiguo" is shown at the 
extremity of a tongue of land formed by the Rio de Thagabona 
on the E. and Rio de Guacara on the west. . wl 441 

1760? 

Delisle, Guillaume, 1675-1726. 

L'Amerique Septentrionale. Dressee sur les Observations de 
M''^. de I'Academie Royale des Sciences & quelques autres, & sur 
les Memoires les plus recens Par G. de I'lsle Geographe. a Amster- 
dam chez R. & J. Ottens, Geographes dans le Kalverstraat au 
Carte du Monde. 58.7 x 44.5 cms. 

Colors. 2 cartouches. With "Avertissement" of changes. 
Undated. The date is that of Muller & co. Amsterdam, wl 442 

• Note. — The original edition of this map was first published in 1700. Consult 
title 247 for information relating to that edition and to the author. For other 
impressions, consult titles 264, 268, 334, 335, and 625. 
This has the "Avertissement' ' in the cartouche under the scale. 

1760? 

Kitchin, Thomas, 1718-1784. 

Map of the Province of West Florida. Thos. Kitchin Sen'. 
24.3 X 18.5. Undated. 

Inset in lower r. h. cor. "Enlarged Plan of Pensacola." 10 x 
7.7 cms. Brit. Mus. Cat. 72. 460 (2) adds London, 1760? lc 443 

Note. — Taken from the London magazine, for may, 1781, v. 50, p. 248. "A 

description of West Florida" is given, pp. 240-241, to accompany this map. 

The soundiugs along the coast in the gulf of Mexico and in the inset are given. 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 323 

1760? 

Kitchin, Thomas, 1718-1784. 

A Xcw and Accurate Map of East and West Florida, Drawn 
from the best Authorities. British statute miles 69 to a degree. 
22.3 X 17.5 cms. 1 cart. Unsigned, undated. Brit. Mus. Cat. 
72.455 (1) says "By T. Kitchin, London, 1760?" lc 444 

XoTE. — Taken from the London magazine, ioT march, 1765, v. 34, p. 121. The 
following explanation is given, p. 120: 

" Florida, being now divided into two governments, or pro'vinces, East-Florida 
and West-Florida, and likely to become a very beneficial acquisition to this 
nation, we have given our readers a new and accui-ate llap thereof, drawn from 
the best authorities. An account of the country they may see in our vol. for 
17G2, p. 648; the encouragement to settlers therein in 1763, p. 616. For more 
particulars, see Augustine, Oglethorpe, in our General Index." 
This map is also described in title 496. 

1760 

Mapa que comprende parte de la Isla de Cuba Sonda de las Tortugas 
y Canal de Bahama. Con todas sus Cayos, Bajas, y Arresifes. 
Ultimamente enMendado (sic) per los Pilotos mas Practicos del 
vSeno Mexicano. Ano de 1760. Ms. 62 x 89 cms. Unsigned. 
Anonymous. 

Original in Direc. de Hid. Madrid. Sec. 9. Cart. 2. Orig. 
ms. Shows E. & W. coasts of Florida to 30° N. lat. 445 

1760 

Port de Pensacola dans Le Golf du Mexique par La Latitude de 
30. degres Et ^ dans Le Nord Est de L'entree du fleuve du Mis- 
sisipy Lon ne Trouve pas moins de 21 a 22 pieds d'Eau a mer 
Basse elle Marine de 3 pieds tons les 24 heures. Les Espagnols 
En ont pris possession par Don Andre de la Riolle En Janvier 
1699. Rene de Laudonniere au raport de L'Escarbot en 1564 y 
fit un etablissement Et En prit possession au nom du Roy Charles 
Neuf. Ms. 32 x 20.5 cms. Unsigned, undated. Anonymous. 

Origmal in Dep. de la Marine. Serv. Hyd. Paris. 138-9-9. 
Dated 1760 on the back. lc 446 

Note. — The Library of Congress has a photographic reproduction of this map, 

of the same size as the original. 

The map shows soundings and the position of the fort. 

For a plan of Pensacola of 1564, see title 73. For one of 1699, see title 221. 



324 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

1760 

Tabula Geographica partis septentrionalis Maris Pacifici cum 
Adjacentibus Regionibus nuperrime tarn a Russis Orientein versus 
quam a Gallis versus Occidentein detectis, ad emendatiora et novis- 
sima ad hue edita exempla jussu Acad: Reg: sclent: et litter: eleg: 
Borusi: descripta. 38.5 x 32.8 cms. Colors. 

In Geographischer atlas . . . Auf befehl der Konigl. Academie 
der Wissenschaften . . . Atlas geographique . . . Berlin, Johann 
Michael Kunst. WL 446a 

Note.— This atlas is the same as the one by Leonhard Euler (1707-1783) enti- 
tled, Geographischer atlas . . . 1760, described in Phillips' List of Geographical 
Atlases, title 625. 

The map is a reduced impression of the well-known map of Philippe Buache, 
with same title, described under the date of 1750, title 394 of this work, note, 
which goes into considerable detail in the controversy then existing relating 
to that portion of the northwest coast of North America. 
For information relating to Buache and Delisle, consult title 394. 
For references to various editions of this atlas, consult Ernst Grabriel Wolters- 
dorf, Repertorium der land- und seekarten, p. 139. 

1760 

Tab; Geogr; Ameriese ad emendatiora quae adhuc prodierunt 
exempla jussu Acad; Reg; Sclent, et eleg. litt; Boruss. descripta. 
35.4 X 31 cms. Colors. 

In Geographischer atlas . . . Auf befehl der Konigl. Academie 
der Wissenschaften . . . Atlas geographique . . . Berlin, Johann 
Michael Kunst. wl 446b 

Note. — Consult title 446a. 

1760 

Mappa Geographica Americas Septentrionalis ad emendatiora Exem- 
plaria adhuc edita jussu Acad. Reg. Sclent, et eleg. litt. descripta. 
[In four sheets, 36 x 34.2 cms. each.] 

In Geographischer atlas . . . Auf befehl der Konigl. Academie 
der Wissenschaften . . . Atlas geographique . . . Berlin, Johann 
Michael Kunst. WL 446c 

Note. — Consult title 446a. 

1761? 

Anville, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d', 1697-1782. 

"Mapa de las Islas de la America y de otros Paises de Tierra 
Firme situados antes de ostas islas j al rededor del Golfo de Mexico. 
Compuesta segun las mas exactas observaclones astronomicas por 



THE LOWERY COLLECTION 325 

cl Sr. d'Anville, Geographo ordinario del Key." 41 x 31 cms. 
Engraved, undated. 

There is a copy in Arch. Gen. de Indias. Sevilla. Est. 146; 
Caj. 1; Leg. 10. (1) It accompanies an "informs" of Don D