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Full text of "Lycoming College catalog"

«. LYCOMINQ 
OLLEQE 






Lycoming is a coeducational liberal arts college with a student 

body of 1 ,500, approximately 900 men and 600 women. A United 

Methodist related institution, Lycoming is open to students 

regardless of their religious, racial, or national backgrounds. 



LYCOMINQ 
COLLEQE 




CATALOG 1973-74 



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THIS IS LYCOMING 



Lycoming College encourages the search for meaning within a world of 
changing values. Although its primary thrust is within the liberal arts, 
the College recognizes the importance of vocational emphases to assure 
competency in the world of work. 

Lycoming College firmly believes that the search for values within the 
historical setting of religious concern must be the function of the entire 
institution. Free inquiry is essential to the pursuit of truth and self- 
understanding. All of campus life, and not simply the activities of 
classroom and chapel, must actively assist the student to discover his true 
vocation as a human being. 

Free inquiry is essential to the pursuit of truth and self-understanding. 
Within an atmosphere in which moral and religious values are considered 
important, Lycoming College stresses: 

Competency in the use of language and appreciation for literature; 

Understanding of the basic principles of mathematics; 

Analysis of relationships and values through the study of philosophy 
and religion; 

Experience in scientific method and knowledge with at least an 
introduction to the biological and physical sciences; 

Basic understanding of the fine arts through an introduction to music, 
the theatre, or the history of art; 

Experience in the methods and content of the social sciences, and 
the behavioral sciences, with at least an introduction to economics, 
sociology, history, political science, or psychology. 

The importance of maintaining sound physical and mental health. 

Beyond the level of general education, the College stresses the pursuit of a 
major. This presses you to achieve competency in a more limited area 
and encourages greater depth and sense of academic achievement. The major 
relates to increased understanding of yourself and your world; it leads both 
to graduate school and to vocation. Majors are not confined to single depart- 
ments of the College; increasingly they are interdepartmental in nature, 
thus permitting the student a wider range of experience in related fields. 

Founded in 1812 as Williamsport Academy, it is the oldest educational 
institution in the city of Williamsport. At first, the Academy served only 
the young through what are now recognized as the elementary grades. 
With the advent of public schools in the city, the Academy expanded its 
curricular offerings to include high school and college preparatory work. 



4/ THIS IS LYCOMING 

In 1848, under the patronage of The Methodist Episcopal Church, the 
Academy became Williamsport Dickinson Seminary. The Seminary continued 
as a private boarding school until 1929 when once again its offerings were 
expanded, this time to include two years of college work. This expansion 
resulted in a change of the institution's name to Williamsport Dickinson 
Seminary and Junior College. During its years as a junior college 
under President John W. Long, the institution forged a strong academic 
reputation, strengthened its faculty, and expanded its physical plant. 

Increasing national demands for higher education following World War II 
prompted another significant step in the growth of the institution. In 1948, 
the junior college became Lycoming College, a four-year degree-granting 
college of liberal arts and sciences. 

The College has enjoyed the support and stabilizing influence of The United 
Methodist Church for more than a century. During most of that period the 
corporate stock of this institution was owned by the Preachers' Aid Society 
of the Central Pennsylvania Conference. In 1970 all corporate stock was 
transferred to a self-perpetuating Board of Trustees of Lycoming College. 

Lycoming is approved to grant baccalaureate degrees by the Pennsylvania 
Department of Education. The College is accredited by the Middle States 
Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and the University Senate 
of The United Methodist Church. It is a member of the National 
Commission on Accrediting, the Association of American Colleges, the 
Pennsylvania Association of Colleges and Universities, the Commission 
for Independent Colleges and Universities, and the National Association 
of Schools and Colleges of The United Methodist Church. 

The name Lycoming is derived from an Indian word "lacomic" meaning 
"Great Stream". It is a name that has been common to north central 
Pennsylvania since colonial times. 




ADMISSIONS 



ADMISSION POLICY 

Selective admission is based on academic achievement reflected in high 
school records, class rank, and ACT or SAT scores. In addition, subjects 
studied, counselor and teacher recommendations, and other available 
information that might identify qualified candidates are considered. 

ADMISSION STANDARDS 

1 . You should graduate from an approved secondary school or fulfill 
the requirements for early admission. 

2. Although a set pattern of high school subjects is not required, a strong 
program of academic subjects is recommended as the most desirable 
preparation for college. You should have a minimum of fifteen academic 
units with substantial work in the areas of English and mathematics, 
and additional work in foreign language, social studies, and science. 

3. The College Board Scholastic Aptitude Test or American College Test is 
required. Your scores are considered with other academic information. 

SELECTION PROCESS 

You should file your application between October 1st and May 1st. However, 
your application may be considered after May 1st., if space is available. 

Although it might seem, with the emphasis placed on test scores, class rank, 
and other statistical information, that numbers are all important, this 
premise is not entirely so. Much time is devoted to reading your application, 
personal recommendations, counselor's evaluations, and other available 
information. In addition, phone calls and letters are frequently exchanged 
in an effort to discern your special talents and qualities which could play an 
important role in your success as a student at Lycoming. Each candidate 
is carefully considered in a very personal way. 

The College notifies applicants of acceptance on a rolling schedule. Your 
notification letter will be sent soon after your credentials have been 
received. In some instances, it may be necessary to request your senior 
mid-year grades and senior ACT or SAT score reports. Your decision to attend 
Lycoming must be made on or before the Candidate's Reply Date of May 1st. 
The College should be notified by payment of a $100.00 deposit. After 
May 1st., this deposit is non-refundable to students who fail to matriculate. 
For enrolling students, this is not an extra charge, but it is used to reserve a 
space at the College for the fall and each succeeding semester for which the 
student is eligible to return. It will be applied toward the charges of the last 
semester in attendance, normally the semester prior to graduation. When a 
student decides to terminate his enrollment at Lycoming prior to graduation, 
this fee will be refunded when a written request is made to the Registrar before 
the end of the student's eighth week of his last semester. 



6/ ADMISSIONS 

APPLICATION PROCEDURE 

1 . To apply for admission, request forms from the Director of Admissions. 

2. These items must be submitted before you are considered for admission: 

A. Completed application for admission and secondary school transcript. 

B. Fee of $ 1 5, which is a processing charge and is not refundable. 

C. Results from the American College Testing Program or the Scholastic 
Aptitude Test of the College Entrance Examination Board. 

3. You and your family are invited to visit the campus and to meet with a 
representative of the Admissions Office. You will have an opportunity to 
review your credential file, to discuss your plans, and to ask and 
answer questions. 

MEDICAL HISTORY AND PHYSICAL EXAMINATION 

Each student entering the college is required to submit a medical history 
record and a physical examination form prior to arriving on the campus. A 
parent or guardian of each student under twenty-one years of age must sign 
the health record which authorizes the college health authorities to give 
emergency medical treatment according to good medical practice. In the event 
an operation or other treatment is required for a serious accident or 
illness, the College Physician will always secure prior parental consent 
if the circumstances permit. 




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ADMISSIONS/ 7 



COURSE CREDIT BY EXAMINATION 

ADVANCED PLACEMENT 

If you are entering as a freshman, have studied an advanced course while 
in secondary school, and have taken the appropriate advanced placement 
examination of the College Entrance Examination Board, you are encouraged 
to apply for credit and advanced placement. A grade of three or above is 
generally considered to be satisfactory. 

COLLEGE LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM - (CLEP) 

You may earn college credit for superior achievement on the College Level 
Examination Program (CLEP) sponsored by the College Entrance Examination 
Board. By achieving at the 75th percentile or above on the General 
Examinations and the 65th percentile or above on the Subject Examinations, 
you may earn up to fifty percent of the course requirements for a bachelor 
of arts degree. These examinations are administered the third week of each 
month at regional testing locations around the nation. Further information 
may be obtained from the Office of Admissions. While these examinations may 
be taken after enrollment at the College, entering freshmen are encouraged 
to take the examinations of their choice during the second semester of 
their senior year in high school. If you do so, the College will have the 
test scores prior to your registration. This will assure appropriate 
course credit prior to your selection of freshman courses. 

ADVANCED STANDING BY TRANSFER 

Lycoming College recognizes college level course work you have completed at 
other institutions. You must submit official copies of transcripts from all 
institutions you have attended. Your academic standing will be based on an 
evaluation of all courses taken. All courses passed, which are comparable to 
the curriculum at Lycoming, will be accepted for transfer. However, the 
final eight courses must be taken at Lycoming College. You must be in good 
academic standing with a minimum grade point average of 2.0 (C) to be 
considered for admission. 

EARLY ADMISSION 

A number of high schools have accelerated and enriched their programs to 
the degree that the advanced student may be intellectually and emotionally 
ready for the collegiate experience by the close of the junior year in high 
school. Lycoming College is willing to consider and admit these students 
to the freshman class each year. 




EARLY ADMISSION PROCEDURE 

1 . Your high school counselor recommends you for early admission. 

2. Your parents approve the advancement as preferable to the senior year 
at the high school. 

3. After consultation between you, your parents, your school administrators, 
and College personnel, you complete the regular application procedure. 

4. You are admitted with full freshman standing. At the successful completion 
of your freshman year, your high school receives a grade report from the 
College. The high school then usually awards its standard diploma. 

ADMISSION AS A SPECIAL STUDENT 

Persons who wish to take one or more courses and are not regularly enrolled 
at Lycoming may apply for admission to any term as a special student. 
Application forms are available from the Admissions Office. 

PROVISIONS FOR VETERANS 

Lycoming is fully approved for the educational program for veterans under 
Federal Public Laws 550, 634, and 894. 

ADMISSIONS OFFICE 

The Admissions Office is located on the first floor of Long Hall. For an 
appointment please write or call the Admissions Office. The telephone 
number is Williamsport 717 326-1951. Office hours are: 

Monday through Friday 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. 

Saturday 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon 

June, July, August - 4:00 p.m. closing and no Saturday hours. 



ORIENTATION 

The orientation program at Lycoming is designed to help the student 
entering college for the first time to start this new adventure under the 
most favorable circumstances. An entirely new concept of courses, class 
scheduling, and methods of instruction must be assimilated. Adjustments 
to this new experience are important. 

In order to prepare you for the beginning of this experience, Lycoming 
schedules four to six orientation sessions lasting two and one half days 
during the summer. Each new student is required to attend one of these 
sessions accompanied by at least one parent. 

The summer program makes it possible to schedule ample time for academic 
advisement, placement testing, library orientation, and registration. The 
college is able to work more satisfacorily with you in planning programs 
of study tailored to your vocational and academic interests. You complete 
all preliminaries, including registration, during the summer orientation 
period. Textbooks are available for purchase and perusal prior to the 
opening of classes in the fall. 

Information about the dates of orientation sessions and a pre-registration 
form will be mailed to you when you are confirmed at Lycoming College. 






10 



FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



EXPENSES 

Lycoming recognizes the problem of constantly increasing educational costs 
and offers a substantial program of financial aid to assist those needing 
help to attend an excellent private coeducational college. 

If you are academically qualified you should not hesitate to apply to 
Lycoming College solely because of financial need. At Lycoming, we make 
every effort to assure that qualified students are not barred due to 
their limited resources. 

The expenses listed below have been kept as low as possible through regular 
voluntary contributions from alumni and friends plus income from invested 
endowment funds. This gift income has permitted Lycoming to develop a 
well-qualified academic community and to continually improve its 
excellent facilities. 

Thus at Lycoming you will receive much more than any fees you pay would 
buy-a rare bargain in today's economy. And if our "bargain" price is still 
beyond your means, our financial aid office will assist you as much as 
possible, as outlined beginning on page 15. 

GENERAL EXPENSES FOR THE ACADEMIC YEAR 1974-1975 

The Comprehensive Fee at Lycoming is $1,150.00 per semester, plus special 
charges which are listed on the following pages. A residence hall room 
costs $250.00 per semester except for East Hall where an extra charge of 
$12.00 or $25.00 is charged depending on facilities provided. Board is 
$325.00 per semester. If, for justifiable reason, it is impossible for a 
student to eat in the College Dining Room, permission may be granted to make 
other meal arrangements. However, when such permission is granted, the room 
cost will be 50% higher. If you request the use of a double room as a 
single room, an available room costs 50% more than its regular rate. 

The comprehensive fee covers the regular load of three or four unit courses 
each semester. If there should be a considerable increase in the price of 
commodities and/or services during any semester, the College reserves the 
right to make appropriate increases in the charges for the following 
semester. Additional detailed information will be furnished by the 
Treasurer's Office upon request. 



;/ 



12/ FIN A NCI A L INFORM A TION 



APPLICATION FEE AND DEPOSITS 

All students applying for admission are required to send an application fee 
of $15.00 with the application. This charge is to defray the cost of 
processing the application and maintaining academic records and it 
is non-refundable. 

After you are notified that you have been accepted for admission by the 
College, you are required to make a deposit of $ 100.00. This deposit is 
evidence of your good intention to matriculate and is applicable to the 
general charges of your final semester in attendance; it is not an extra 
fee. This deposit is not refundable if you fail to matriculate at Lycoming. 

All resident students are required to make an additional Room Security 
Deposit of $50.00. If, as a resident student, you are not assessed for any 
damage to your room in the residence hall, the Room Security Deposit is 
fully refunded when you no longer live in the residence hall. 



EXPENSES IN DETAIL PER SEMESTER-ACADEMIC YEAR 1974-1975 
The College reserves the right to adjust fees at any time. 

ONE-TIME FEES AND DEPOSITS 

Resident Students Non-Resident Students 

$ 15.00 Application Fee $ 15.00 

$ 100.00 Admission Deposit $ 100.00 

$ 50.00 Room Security Deposit 

PER SEMESTER (1974-75) 

$1,150.00 Comprehensive Fee $1,150.00 

$ 250.00 Room 

$ 325.00 Board 

$1,725.00 Basic Cost $1,150.00 

FEES FOR PART-TIME STUDENTS 

Application Fee $ 15.00 

Each Unit Course $ 275.00 

ADDITIONAL CHARGES 

Fifth Unit Course $ 275.00 

Laboratory Fee per Unit Course $5.00 to $ 30.00 

Applied Music Fee (Half-Hour per Week per Semester) $ 50.00 

Practice Teaching Fee (Payable in Junior Year) $ 80.00 

Transcript Fee (No charge for first transcript) $ 1.00 

Cap and Gown (Rental at prevailing cost) 



FINANCIAL INFORMATION/ 13 



BOOKS AND SUPPLIES 



A book and supply store is conveniently located in Wertz Student Center. 
The estimated cost ranges from $75.00 to $150.00 per year depending on 
the course of study which you pursue. 

PAYMENT OF FEES 

The basic fees for each semester are due and payable ten days before the 
beginning of that semester. 

PARTIAL PAYMENTS 

For the convenience of those who find it impossible to follow the schedule 
of payments as listed, arrangements may be made with the College Treasurer 
for the monthly payment of college fees through various educational plans. 
Additional information concerning partial payments may be obtained from 
the Treasurer or Director of Admissions. 

WITHDRAWALS AND REFUNDS 

The date on which the Dean of the College approves the student's withdrawal 
form is considered the official date of withdrawal. In the case of minors, 
the approval of the parent or guardian is required before the withdrawal 
is approved and before any refund is made. 

Room 'charges are fixed on a semester basis. If you leave college prior to the 
end of a semester you will not be entitled to any refund of room charges. 




14/ FIN AN CIA L INFORM A TION 

Refund of tuition and board will be made to students who withdraw 
voluntarily from the college while in good standing and is fixed on the 
following basis: Students leaving during the first four-week period are 
charged thirty percent; during the second four weeks, sixty percent; during 
the third four weeks, ninety percent; after twelve weeks, full charge. 

Dropping a unit course from the original schedule after the first week of 
either semester will not justify any claim for refund of tuition charges. No 
refund will be made to those students who are asked to withdraw from the 
college. Special charges cannot be refunded for any reason whatever. 

PENALTY FOR NON-PAYMENT OF FEES 

You will not be registered for courses in a new semester if your account 
for previous attendance has not been settled. No grades will be issued, no 
diploma, transcript of credits, or certification of withdrawal in good 
standing will be granted to any student until a satisfactory settlement of 
all obligations has been made. 

DAMAGE CHARGES 

Wherever possible, damage to dormitory property will be charged to the 
person or persons directly responsible. Damage and breakage occurring in a 
room will be the responsibility of students occupying the room. 

Halls and bathroom damage will be the responsibility of all students of the 
section where damage occurs. Actual costs of repairs will be charged. 

ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURANCE 

As a resident student, you must purchase the Accident and Sickness 
Group Insurance Plan of the college for the academic year, unless you can 
present evidence that you are covered under some other health insurance 
program. Non-resident students may participate in the College Group 
Insurance Plan on a voluntary basis. If a resident student becomes 
ineligible under another plan because of age, he must enter the college 
program in the semester in which he loses his other coverage. The insurance 
plan will also be available for twelve -month coverage on a voluntary basis 
for all students. Information concerning the plan and its benefits will be 
sent to all students during the summer. 






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FINANCIAL AID 



In considering the financing of your college education both the expenses 
involved and the various methods of meeting them should be considered 
simultaneously. At Lycoming, if you need financial aid, a generous 
program of assistance can help to lower your out-of-pocket 
cost significantly. 

Since you will be the primary beneficiary of your higher education, we feel 
you should assume part of the responsibility for paying your college 
expenses. You can do this by saving, working, and borrowing. We expect you 
to make every effort to obtain financial support from such outside sources 
as state and local grants, company scholarships for employee's children, 
and other funds you may be eligible to receive. 

A student's parents are often an important source of financial help. Some 
families of modest means can give only moral support, but most also can 
give substantial financial help. We are eager to help you and your parents 
to meet your educational expenses at Lycoming but expect each family to pay 
as much as it can reasonably afford and at least as much as other families 
in similar financial circumstances. 

The establishment of need is the controlling factor in determining the 
amount of any financial aid. A scholarship may be awarded on the basis of 
financial need and academic ability, while a grant is given on the basis of 
financial need alone. Long term, low cost educational loans are available 
to most students who need them from Federal and State sources. If your 
academic standing is satisfactory, a portion of your college expenses can 
be earned by part-time work. 

Financial need is determined by deducting what you and your parents can 
reasonably contribute toward your education from the actual cost of 
attending Lycoming College. You are eligible to be considered for financial 
aid up to the part of the cost which it is impossible for you to provide. 
Your family's total financial situation is judged. Not only gross income 
and net assets are considered, but also the number of dependent children, 
unusual medical expenses, marital status of parents, brothers or sisters 
attending college, and other pertinent data. 

To apply for financial assistance, obtain the "Parents Confidential 
Statement" form from your high school guidance counselor or the Financial 
Aid Office at Lycoming. Submit the completed "Parents Confidential 
Statement" to the College Scholarship Service, P. 0. Box 176, Princeton, 
New Jersey 08540, at the earliest convenient date. 



16/ FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



SCHOLARSHIPS 



A number of scholarships are awarded to freshmen applicants who are in the 
top fifth of their high school class and have a combined score over 1200 in 
the College entrance Board Tests. The scholarships range from $300 to full 
tuition depending upon the student's financial need. These scholarships are 
renewed each year if the student maintains a 3.0 cumulative average and 
financial need continues. 

There are a number of Freshmen Recognition Scholarships of $500.00 each 
awarded to applicants who have superior academic qualifications but do not 
demonstrate any financial need. These scholarships are only for the 
student's first year at Lycoming. 

GRANTS-IN-AID 

For worthy students who can not qualify for scholarships, Lycoming has an 
extensive program of grants-in-aid up to full tuition. Awards are based on 
demonstrated need and the prospect of the student contributing positively 
to the college community. Renewal requires continued financial need, 
maintenance of satisfactory academic and citizenship standards, and 
participation in college activities. 




FINANCIAL INFORMATION/ 1 7 



MINISTERIAL GRANTS-IN-AID 

Each applicant for a ministerial grant-in-aid should complete the College 
Scholarship Service form. If there is demonstrated need for more financial 
assistance than a ministerial grant-in-aid will provide, additional types 
of aid will be considered. The ministerial grant-in-aid will be part of a 
total award to meet a demonstrated need— it will not be given in addition to 
awards which will meet established needs. 

Children of Ministers of the Central Pennsylvania Annual Conference 
of The United Methodist Church receive grants equal to one-third of the 
charges for tuition. 

Children of Ministers of other Annual Conferences of The United 
Methodist Church and of other denominations receive grants equal to 
one-fourth of the charges for tuition. 

Students preparing for the Christian ministry receive grants equal to one- 
fourth of the charges for tuition. They must satisfactorily 
complete the application for pre -ministerial discount, file an application 
for financial aid, and demonstrate financial need. 



18/ FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



FEDERAL BASIC EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY GRANTS (BEOG) 

The Educational Amendments of 1972 established this new program of 
basic grants up to $1400 per year for full time students which are 
granted on the basis of financial need. Separate application to the 
Federal government is required. These applications are available from 
high school guidance offices and from the Financial Aid Office. All 
students should apply for the BEOG program. 

FEDERAL SUPPLEMENTAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY GRANTS (SEOG) 

This is a Federal program to provide additional assistance to those 
students with heavy financial need. Awards are made of $200 to $ 1 ,500 and 
are based entirely on financial need. Renewal is available if the applicant 
has no reduction in financial need in succeeding years. 

FEDERAL NATIONAL DIRECT STUDENT LOANS (NDSL) 

Federal loan funds are available under the National Defense Education 
Act of 1958. Loans up to $ 1 ,000 per year are granted on the basis of 
academic promise and demonstrated need. Repayment does not begin until 
after graduation or withdrawal. Loans are normally renewed yearly if the 
applicant files a renewal application by May 1st. 

FEDERAL COLLEGE WORK-STUDY GRANTS (CWSP) 

An opportunity is provided for students to earn some part of their College 
expenses and gain some practical experience from working on campus or in 
selected off-campus programs. The Federal income guidelines must be met 
to be eligible for work-study awards. There are opportunities for campus 
employment for those students who can not meet the Federal guidelines but 
who desire employment; these students should file an application with the 
Placement Office. 







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FINANCIAL INFORMATION/ 1 9 



OTHER SOURCES OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE 

STATE GRANTS 

All applicants for financial aid are strongly urged to investigate programs 
sponsored by their home state and to apply before the deadline. Pennsylvania 
applicants should apply for state aid before the deadline (normally 
January 30th) during their senior year in high school. See your guidance 
counselor or write: P.H.E.A.A., Towne House, Harrisburg, Pa. 17102. 

STATE GUARANTEED LOANS 

Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and most other states provide state 
guaranteed loans through local banks. This program provides long-term loans 
for educational expenses with repayments over an extended, liberal payment 
schedule. See your own bank early for information. 

COMMUNITY SCHOLARSHIPS 

In many communities there are local groups and foundations which provide 
funds to help worthy students. High School awards are often available. 
Your guidance counselor and principal are the best sources of information. 

EDUCATION FINANCING PLANS 

In addition to direct financial aid described above, the Business Office or 
the Financial Aid Office will provide information, upon request, about plans 
enabling parents to pay college expenses on a monthly basis through 
selected companies. 

Additional information concerning financial aid can be obtained by writing 
to the Financial Aid Office, Lycoming College, Williamsport, Pa. 17701. 



I 





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21 



CAMPUS LIFE 



STUDENT ACTIVITIES 



The college considers one of its responsibilities to be the encouragement 
of as many different activities as are necessary to provide all students 
with the opportunity to participate constructively in this area of student 
life. Departmental clubs; athletics, both intercollegiate and intramural; 
varied interest groups such as clubs, choir, band; social organizations; 
social activities; self-governing groups; and many informal associations 
are important in a well-integrated program of student activities. 

STUDENT ASSOCIATION OF LYCOMING COLLEGE 

The Student Association of Lycoming College is the channel through which 
students communicate with fellow students, administrators, and faculty. SALC 
is the representative voice of all students and the group which the College 
recognizes as the spokesman for students. The SALC can be a forum where 
student concerns, needs, desires, and grievances can be discussed and 
effectively communicated to the administration and faculty. 

The primary concern of SALC is the promotion of student involvement in 
college concerns. As one responsibility of SALC, its president appoints 
students to appropriate student/faculty and administrative committees and 
councils. They have the same individual voting privileges as faculty and 
administrators. Any interested student is eligible for appointment to these 
committees which play an important role in the functioning of the College. 

STUDENT UNION 

The Student Union Board is an advisory and functional group of students 
who work with an Assistant Dean of Students who helps to develop the 
activity and social program. Students are selected for membership on the 
Board after they have served a year in the Apprentice Program. 

The Board's services to the campus include poster making and publicity, a 
travel service, social programs, dances, lectures, concerts, picnics, films, 
tournaments, recreational activities, bridge, life-saving courses, coffee- 
hours, and intercollegiate events. 



22 



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CAMPUS CLUBS AND ORGANIZATIONS 

A variety of organizations on the campus provide opportunities for social 
and intellectual growth. These groups are organized and conducted by 
students in cooperation with faculty sponsors or advisors. 

Some of the groups are: the Student P.S.E.A.-N.E.A., which gives 
prospective teachers current information on the teaching field and an 
insight into the problems of education; the Varsity Club, composed of 
lettermen, which promotes college spirit in sports; the Business Club for 
students majoring in business administration; the French, German, Russian, 
and Spanish Clubs, which study the language and the life and culture of the 
countries; the Model United Nations Society; the Practical Politics 
Society; political clubs, and the Associated Women Students. 

COLLEGE PUBLICATIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS 

The Bell, official student newspaper, is published weekly and is devoted 
to interests of the student body, reporting current campus events. 

The Arrow, college yearbook, is published in August and presents a record 
of student life during the previous academic year. 

The Guidepost, published annually by the Student Association and Office of 
Student Services, is a handbook of policies, regulations, and other information. 

The Residence Halls Handbook is published annually by the Office of 
Student Services and provides information about residence hall facilities, 
activities, governance, rules, and regulations. 

NOTE: Both the Guidepost and the Residence Hall Handbook are important 
statements of official College policy and regulations which you will 
receive before you arrive on campus. 

The Academic Bulletin is published periodically by the Dean of the College 
to keep students, faculty, and administrators informed of academic affairs. 



23 



24/ CAMPUS LIFE 



The Lycoming, eight newspaper and two magazine editions yearly, informs 
alumni and friends about Lycoming. Students and faculty contribute articles. 

The Campus Radio Station, WLCR, broadcasts on a wired circuit to all 
residence halls. It is operated daily from 8 a.m. to 2 a.m., except Sunday 
when it is on the air on a more limited schedule. 

FINE ARTS ACTIVITIES 

The Arena Theatre stages many productions throughout the year. You have an 
opportunity to enjoy serious drama, comedies, readings, recitals, and even 
marionette productions, or you can participate— from acting through all 
the behind-the-scene activities. 

Musical organizations at Lycoming offer to vocalists and instrumentalists 
alike a fine opportunity to learn by doing. There are several choral groups 
and instrumental ensembles offering every able student the chance to 
participate both on the campus and on tour. 

If you are interested in art you can work in many mediums. Many professional 
artists, lecturers, and performers exhibit and appear on campus and in the area. 

FRATERNITIES 

Six Greek fraternities provide male students with the advantages of national 
fraternities. Activities of Kappa Delta Rho, Sigma Pi, Lambda Chi Alpha, 
Theta Chi, Alpha Sigma Phi, and Tau Kappa Epsilon are coordinated by I.F.C. 

INTERCOLLEGIATE SPORTS 

The College offers an attractive program of intercollegiate athletics and 
encourages wide participation by its students. It is a member of the 
National Collegiate Athletic Association, the Eastern Collegiate Athletic 
Conference, and the Northern Division of the Middle Atlantic Conference. 
Lycoming annually meets some of the top-ranking small college teams in the 
East in athletic competition. Contests are scheduled in football, soccer, 
basketball, wrestling, swimming, tennis, golf, and track. 

INTRAMURAL ATHLETICS 

An extensive and diversified program of intramural athletic competition 
affords an opportunity to participate in one or more sports of your choice. 

Sports for men include touch football, basketball, volleyball, table tennis, 
badminton, tennis, softball, golf, wrestling, swimming, horseshoes, 
bowling, track and field. 

Sports for women include competition in basketball, volleyball, bowling, 
badminton, table tennis, tennis, softball, swimming, field hockey, and 
archery. Field days are arranged with WAA groups of other colleges. 



26/ CAMPUS LIFE 



STUDENT SERVICES 

The Office of Student Services is concerned with various aspects of your 
development. The staff consists of the Dean of Student Services and four 
assistant deans, each of whom live on campus and are available for counseling 
and advising students with individual problems. In addition, each staff 
member is responsible for specific assignments such as: Religious 
Activities, Health Service, Organizational Life, Student Activities, the 
Student Union, Housing, Special Programs, Career Counseling and Placement. 

PERSONAL COUNSELING 

The Dean of Student Services and his assistants provide advisement and 
counseling for students with emotional and adjustment problems. Each member 
of the staff is qualified to give assistance of a nontherapeutic type. A 
psychiatrist serves as a consultant to the staff and is available for 
evaluation of students who may be in need of professional services. 
Continuing therapy is available only through referral to public agencies 
and private clinicians in the community. When a student uses the services 
of a private clinician he is responsible for the payment of his own fees. 

In addition to counseling on personal problems, vocational advisement and 
limited testing services are provided by the Student Services Office staff. 

HEALTH SERVICE 

The College maintains an out-patient service, located in Rich Hall, which 
is staffed with registered nurses five days a week from 7:00 a.m. to 1 1 :00 p.m. 
When the Health Service is closed, service is available at the Williamsport 
Hospital Emergency Room through the Emergency Care Physicians Association. 
In the case of illness, the College pays the emergency room charge and the 
physician's fee. Other charges are the responsibility of the student. 

The College physician is available from 1 1 :00 a.m. to 12:00 noon Monday 
through Friday at the Health Service and on call at other hours through the 
nurses. Normal medical treatment by the Health Service staff at the 
College Health Service is free of charge. However, special medications, 
x-rays, surgery, care of major accidents, immunizations, examinations for 
glasses, physician's visits other than in the Health Service, referrals for 
treatment by specialists, and special nursing service, etc., are not 
included in the free health service, except as provided by the ECPA at 
the hospital when the Health Service is closed. The student must pay for a 
visit to the doctor's private office. 

STUDY SKILLS PROGRAM 

A series of professionally directed study-skills sessions are scheduled as 
the need arises. Groups of six to ten students are enrolled for a series of 
four one-hour sessions. These include sessions on reading skills, 
test-taking, note-taking, psychological blocks to studying, etc. 



CAMPUS LIFE/ 27 



READING IMPROVEMENT COURSE 

A course designed to improve reading skills is offered at various times 
during the academic year. Skilled instructors teach how to improve reading 
speed and comprehension in short courses which span a three-week period. 
If you are deficient in reading skills, you may sign up for this course on a 
voluntary basis. The charge is $36.00. Information is sent to students 
during the summer. 

CAREER DEVELOPMENT CENTER 

Through the provision of information and counseling, the Career Development 
Center at Lycoming helps you to better understand and determine career 
objectives. With greater insight into your academic and career goals you 
may broaden the career opportunities open to you after graduation. You also 
can receive help securing part-time, summer, and post-graduate employment. 

RESIDENCE AND RESIDENCE HALLS 

If you are a single student and do not reside at home you are required to 
live in the college residence halls and eat your meals in the college 
dining room. Requests for exceptions must be submitted in writing to the 
Associate Dean of Student Services-Housing. 

If you do not have permission to life off -campus, you must sign a room 
agreement form, agreeing to observe the rules and regulations for resident 
students. An agreement form will be sent to you following your acceptance. 
Upperclassmen receive the agreements and rules and regulations each Spring. 

Because of the inability of the College to predict enrollments by sex, it is 
necessary to keep assignments of halls as flexible as possible. No hall is 
specifically assigned to women or men on other than a year to year basis. 

Resident students are responsible for the condition of their room and 
its furnishings. The College reserves the right to enter and inspect any of 
its property, or the property of a room resident for reasons of damage, 
health, safety, or to determine whether violation of its rules or the law 
are taking place or have occurred. Charges will be assessed for damages to 
rooms, doors, furniture, and commonly used areas. 

Resident students are expected to vacate their rooms during the 
vacation periods when the halls are closed and not later than twenty-four 
hours following their last examinations, except for graduating seniors. 

Regulations regarding quiet hours for study may be established by the 
appropriate residence hall councils and are published in the Residence 
Halls Handbook and on the bulletin boards in the halls. 

Room visitation by members of the opposite sex is permitted in the halls 
only under conditions which are established by the College in cooperation 
with the various residence hall governing groups. 






28 





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STANDARDS OF CONDUCT 

The College expects all of its students to accept the responsibility required 
of citizens in a free democratic society. The rules and regulations of the 
College are designed to protect the rights of every member of the community 
against encroachment by individuals. The limitations which are imposed upon 
the activities of individuals are established for the common good of the 
entire college community. 

Students who are unable to demonstrate that they can accept this 
responsibility or are antagonistic to the spirit and general purpose of the 
College, or fail to abide by the regulations established by the College may 
be dismissed or requested to leave the College at any time. Further, at the 
end of any term or semester the College may deny a student the privilege of 
attending any subsequent term or semester when the administration deems this 
to be in the best interests of the College. In addition to the regulations 
published here, specific rules are furnished each student in the Guidepost. 

The consumption or possession of alcoholic beverages on campus or at any 
official college function is prohibited. Detailed information regarding the 
laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania are published in the Guidepost. 

Lycoming does not condone the illegal use of drugs by its students. A 
detailed statement of the policy on drugs is published in the Guidepost. 

Cheating, lying, and stealing are totally inconsistent with Lycoming 
standards. Although the acceptance and observance of the standards of 
behavior expected by the College is an individual responsibility it is a 
group responsibility as well. It is incumbent on all Lycoming students that 
they attempt to influence their peers to conduct themselves honorably for 
the collective good. 

It is assumed that a willingness to accept these restrictions is implicit 
in the acceptance of membership in the Lycoming College community. When 
you are admitted to Lycoming you will receive a copy of the Guidepost and a 
copy of the Residence Halls Handbook if you will live in a College residence. 

Both documents are important statements of official College policy, rules, 
and regulations which are part of the contractual agreement which you enter 
into when you register as a student at Lycoming. 



30 



RELIGIOUS LIFE 

Lycoming College provides you with many opportunities to mature in your 
faith through voluntary participation in the religious life of the campus. 

Faculty and students express their religious convictions through membership 
and participation in nearly thirty Protestant denominations as well as the 
Roman Catholic and Hebrew faiths. Significant opportunities are offered to 
every student for the voluntary expression of his religious faith. 

Through the office of the Director of Religious Activities, a varied 
religious life program is maintained as needs arise. The Campus Church 
conducts worship services each Sunday and at other times such as Holy Week. 
The services of worship are planned and conducted by students and include 
the use of outside speakers as well as our own faculty and students. The 
worship committee is appointed by the Campus Church Council; the 
governing body is elected by the Campus Church. The mission of the Campus 
Church is activated by the Campus Church Council through activities such as 
retreats, service projects, and study groups. 

The Director of Religious Activities also provides counseling service 
each afternoon in his office in Clarke Chapel. 

A part-time Roman Catholic chaplain assists the activities of the Newman 
Club and maintains office hours in Clarke Chapel for counseling purposes. 
Mass is celebrated on campus each Sunday. 

Interfaith activities are carried out through special committees appointed 
by the Director of Religious Activities in consultation with the Roman 
Catholic chaplain and other interested persons. 




31 




32 




5V35 «■ » •• 




THIS IS LYCOMING 

Lycoming is a coeducational liberal arts college with a student body of 
1 ,500, approximately 900 men and 600 women. A United Methodist related 
institution, Lycoming is open to students regardless of their religious, 
racial, or national backgrounds. 

At Lycoming it is believed that a liberal arts education is the best hope 
for an enlightened citizenry and that vocational and professional special- 
ization must be built on a broad acquaintance with the various disciplines. 
Programs are arranged within a liberal arts framework so that all students 
study the humanities, sciences, and social sciences. 

Beyond the level of general education, the College stresses the pursuit of a 
major. This presses you to achieve competency in a more limited area 
and encourages greater depth and sense of academic achievement. The major 
relates to increased understanding of yourself and your world; it leads both 
to graduate school and to vocation. Majors are not confined to single depart- 
ments of the College; increasingly they are interdepartmental in nature, 
thus permitting the student a wider range of experience in related fields. 

LOCATION 

Lycoming College, in scenic North Central Pennsylvania ninety miles north 
of Harrisburg, is set upon a slight prominence near downtown Williamsport 
overlooking the beautiful West Branch Valley of the Susquehanna River. 
Greater Williamsport, with a population of 85,000, is within 200 miles of 
Washington, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, Syracuse, Rochester, 
Buffalo, and Pittsburgh. It is easily accessible by bus, airline, and 
automobile. Interstate 80 passes fifteen miles south of Williamsport; 
U.S. Routes 15 and 220 come through the city. 

CAMPUS LIFE 

A full program of cultural, professional, athletic, and social activities 
is an integral part of college life at Lycoming. You can find outlets 
for your talents, interests, and abilities among the numerous student 
organizations-fraternities, departmental clubs and honorary societies, 
student government, publications, and a comprehensive varisty and intramural 
sports program-each abounding in opportunities for student participation. 
Student Council, The Campus Church, Student Union Board, and other 
campus organizations bring in a variety of talent and speakers. 



LYCOMING CAMPUS 

RESIDENTIAL 

1. North Hall (1965) - 146 students in two-room suites with bath. 

4. East Hall (1962) - Houses chapters of national fraternities and other students. 
The fraternity units, distinct and self-contained, provide dormitory facilities, 
lounge, and a chapter room for each group. All students share a large social area 
on the ground floor. 

5. Forrest Hall (1965) - 92 students in two-room suites with bath. 

Honors Dr. and Mrs. Fletcher Bliss Forrest and Anna Forrest Burfiendt '30, 
the parents and sister of Katherine Forrest Mathers '28 whose generosity 
established the memorial. 

6. Creuer Hall (1962) - 126 students in two-room suits with bath. Honors 

the College's founder and first financial agent, Rev. Benjamin H. Crever, who 
helped persuade the Baltimore Conference to purchase the institution from the 
Williamsport Town Council in 1848. 

8. Wesley Hall (1956) - 144 students. Honors the founder of Methodism. 

9. Rich Hall (1948) - 126 students in two-room suites with bath. Honors 

the Rich family of Woolrich, Pennsylvania. Houses the college health service and 
the Sara J. Walter non-residents lounge. 

11. Asbury Hall (1962) - 154 students. Honors Bishop Francis Asbury, the father 
of the United Methodist Church in America, who made the circuit through the 
upper "Susquehanna District" in 1812, the year the Williamsport Academy 
(now Lycoming) opened its doors. 

18. Skeath Hall (1965) - 184 students. Honors the late J. Milton Skeath, professor 
of psychology and four-time dean of the institution from 1921 to 1967. 

ACADEMIC 

The Academic Center (1968) 

12. Laboratories and Arena Theatre - Language, business, mathematics, and physics 
laboratories; Detwiler Planetarium; 204 seat thrust-stage arena theatre; 90 seat 
Alumni Lecture Hall. 

13. Faculty Office Building - 69 faculty offices, seminar rooms, 735 seat lecture hall. 

14. Wendle Hall - Spacious Pennington Lounge is an informal meeting place for student 
and faculty. Psychology laboratories, 20 classrooms. 

15. Library - Can accommodate 700 students in a variety of study and reading 
situations, has a capacity of 250,000 volumes, computer center, audio-visual center 

2. Art Center (1965) - Studios and art gallery. 

3. Fine Arts Building (1940) - Music studios and individual practice rooms. 

19. Eveland Hall (1912) - Sculpture and art studios. 
21. Science Building (1957) - Chemistry and biology lecture rooms, laboratories, office 

CHAPELS 

17. Clarke Chapel (1939) - Worship services and other events in auditorium, classrooms 

and faculty offices on ground floor. 
10. Conner Memorial Chapel - On the ground floor of Long Hall. Honors Benjamin 

C. Conner president of Williamsport Dickinson Seminary 1913-1921. 

ADMINISTRATION 

10. John W. Long Hall (1951) - College administration offices: President, College 

Deans, Treasurer, Registrar, Admissions, Alumni Affairs, Public Relations, Career 
Development Center, Publications, Development, and Financial Aid. Reception are 
central communications, duplicating and bulk mail services, Conner Memorial Chaj 

RECREATION 

7. Wertz Student Center (1959) - Dining room, Burchfield Lounge, recreation area, 
game room, music room, book store, post office, and student organization offices. 
Honors Bishop D. Frederick Wertz, president of Lycoming from 1955 until 1968. 

16. Gymnasium (1923) - Basketball and other courts, swimming pool, bowling alleys, 
physical education offices. 







It 




SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



The changing nature of American education finds greater emphasis than ever 
before upon the development of significant opportunities for self- fulfillment 
among students. Pertinent educational goals demand that you shall be 
accorded an opportunity to pursue a program that offers you the best chance 
to realize your intellectual potential. It is for this reason, that 
Lycoming has developed a curriculum that allows a maximum flexibility in 
course selection, especially among those courses that support the major as 
well as those that effectively meet the requirements of the College's 
objectives in liberal education. But wide variety in course selection does 
not always allow as completely individualistic a program as one might wish. 
Therefore, a variety of special opportunities is provided. 



LYCOMING COLLEGE SCHOLAR PROGRAM 

The Lycoming Scholar Program offers highly motivated students an 
opportunity to develop their full potential through a flexible and 
demanding academic program. Persons with the following qualities would 
most likely benefit from this unique program: 



38 



**3£^ 




SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES/39 



High intellectual ability initially indicated by a class standing 
normally in the upper fifteen percent and combined SAT scores of 
approximately 1 150 or higher; 

Intellectual curiosity, motivation, imagination, creativity, and a 
desire for excellence; 

Sufficient independence of mind to plan and execute a unique personal 
academic program which best uses the resources of the College; 

Commitment to the value of intellectual dialogue. 

SCHOLAR OPPORTUNITIES 

The following opportunities are designed to be helpful to Lycoming 
Scholars in achieving the stated objective of the program. 

The Scholar Council will relax the established distribution 
requirements while maintaining the breadth of a liberal arts 
education. The program for the individual Scholar is to be tailored 
by the Scholar and his academic consultant based upon an assessment 
of the student's previous attainments and his needs. This is subject 
to approval by the Lycoming Scholar Council. 

Scholars may take a fifth course in any semester, and, unlike other 
students, Scholars may take an unlimited number of Studies and 
Honors courses. The present fee to Scholars for the fifth course 
is $50.00. 

Lycoming Scholars-either singly or in groups— are encouraged to 
petition the Council, in writing, for funds to undertake special 
educational projects involving extra expenses, such as taking trips 
or bringing in special speakers. Students applying for such funds are 
expected to make the results of their investigations available to 
the Scholar community, and, if possible, to the college at large. 

Due to the composition of the Scholar Council, Scholars have a 
greater voice in determining the nature of their education than is 
possible in the college as a whole. 

Evidence of participation in the Lycoming Scholar Program will be 
noted on the Scholar's transcript and diploma. A brief description of 
the program will be a part of the transcript. 

At the request of the Scholar, the Council will endorse, for graduate 
school and other post-baccalaureate endeavors, those Scholars who 
have met the objective of the Program. 

ADMISSION TO THE PROGRAM 

Scholars may be chosen by the Council while in their last year of 
secondary education, before actual matriculation at Lycoming. Their 



40/ SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



potential for meeting the objective of the Program will be measured 
by a variety of means. Among them are interviews with Scholars and 
faculty members, and written responses to essay questions. 

Scholars also may be chosen from the current Lycoming student body after 
their first year of study. Requirements include: (a) a letter of 
application, (b) letters of recommendation from two faculty members 
who are not on the Council, plus optional letters from present Scholars, 
and (c) an interview with members of the Council. Important factors in 
granting membership are the student's intellectual motivation, 
independence, desire to participate, and academic progress to date 
which is normally indicated by an average of 3.25 for two consecutive 
semesters. February 1st is designated as the deadline for application. 

SCHOLAR RESPONSIBILITIES 

During their first year in the Program, all Scholars are on a 
probationary status. They are required to participate in a First-Year 
Seminar. Following successful completion of their probationary 
period, scholars will be formally admitted to the Program. 

Any Scholar may be asked by the Council to leave the Program 
if he or she is judged not to be making satisfactory progress 
toward meeting its objective. If the academic average of the Scholar 
drops below a 3.00, the Council will look into the matter, but 
lower grades in themselves need not result in dismissal from the 
Program; of far more interest is the overall quality of the student's 
work. 

During their last year at Lycoming, Scholars are required to 
participate in a Senior Seminar. In these Seminars each student 
will report on a Studies or Honors project taken during the 
Junior or Senior year. 

All Scholars will have an academic consultant from the faculty to 
assist them in utilizing the potentialities of the Program. 
Together with the consultant, the Scholar must submit a brief 
plan of study to the Council at each registration period. 

Scholars are expected to create academic programs which emphasize 
depth-of-study in a major area combined with a breadth of inquiry 
into other areas. Scholars also are expected to participate in the 
activities of the Program. Achievement of the Scholar Program 
objective depends upon the continual refinement of a program 
through faculty-student interaction and dialogue on policies, 
procedures, and activities. To this end, the Scholar Council, which 
is charged with administering the program, is composed of four 
students elected by their peers, four faculty members, and the 
Dean of the College, all with equal vote. 



SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES/ 41 



By presenting this highly flexible curriculum, Lycoming College 
opens the door to students who are motivated to remain intellectually 
creative. If you qualify for this special program and wish to be 
considered, Lycoming invites your inquiry. 

SPECIAL PROGRAMS 

MAY TERM 

Each year a unique May Term is designed to offer a challenging array of 
special courses. Some of the four-week courses offer study and projects on 
campus, others involve nearby, distant, or foreign travel, and several 
encompass interdisciplinary credit. Many are non-traditional in content. 

In its second year as a unique opportunity at Lycoming, May Term 1973 
again provided students with a challenging array of forty-two specially 
designed courses for the four-week term. As in the very successful first 
May Term in 1972, many non-traditional courses had been designed and 
had such diverse topics as Dietrich Bonhoeffer, thought transference, 
astronomy, philosophy of law, and Raku. 

Newly designed courses had such varied titles as "The Character of Physical 
Law", "Fisheries Management", "Creative Advertising", "The Cosmic 
Theatre", "Futurism", "Issues in Contemporary Feminism", "Human 
Sexuality", "Writer's Seminar", "Strategy and Politics in the Twentieth 
Century", and "Human Sexual Behavior". 

Back by popular demand from 1972 May Term were such courses as 
"Accounting Opinions of the APB-AICPA", "Introduction to Photography" 
"Managing the Small Business", "Field Ornithology", "Indian Archeology", 
"History of Utopias in America", "Urban Problems", and "Speleology". 

A number of May Term courses were conducted off-campus both in the 
United States and abroad. "London In May" explored the arts emphasizing 
attendance at plays, concerts, operas, and ballets plus meetings with 
performers, conductors, directors, actors, and teachers and tours of 
galleries, museums, and other points of interest. The second "Cultural 
Tour of the U.S.S.R." again enabled students to experience Russian 
culture in visits to Moscow, Leningrad, Novgorod, Kiev, the Crimea and 
Yerevan, capital of Armenian, S.R. The new "Cultural Tour of Germany" 
provided the same type of total immersion experience to enable students to 
improve their language skills and better understand the people, history, 
and culture of Germany. 

The 1973 May Term "Introduction to Marine Biology and Biological Ocean- 
ography" course was based at the Bermuda Biological Station for Research, 
St. Georges. The Virgin Islands was the site of a course on literature which 
uses the sea and tropical islands as its setting and seems to have certain 
predominate themes. 



42 /SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



The tri-cultural community of North central New Mexico was home again 
for the "Field Experience in Sociology-Anthropology" group as they combined 
cultural anthropological and sociological field methods to learn how to analyze 
a community in depth. "The Washington Minimester: A Course in Practical 
Politics" analyzed the workings of our national government first-hand by 
meeting people working on all levels within and tangential to the government. 

Several courses of particular interest to future teachers or those working for 
certification were available in the May Term. The education department 
offered "The Psychology and Teaching of Reading in the Elementary Schools", 
"Teaching Reading Skills in Secondary Schools", and "Science, Health, 
Safety, and Physical Education". "Elementary Geometry", designed 
primarily for elementary teachers, and "Mathematics for the Elementary 
Teacher" were offered by the math department, while the psychology depart- 
ment had "Behavior Modification Techniques with Children" and "Educational 
Psychology". 

May Term classes, which started on May 7th and continued daily until 
June 1st, met at 9:00 a.m. or 1:00 p.m. unless scheduled to meet on 
some "arranged" basis. Costs were: Tuition for one (unit) course - $150, 
Room -$50, Board -$75. 

INDEPENDENT STUDY 

Each department granting a major provides opportunity to students to work 
independently. Upon consent of the department head and the instructor, you 
may register for courses in Independent Study. Normally, the opportunity 
for such study is provided for the better qualified major student who has 
successfully completed the courses making up the core of his major program. 
Except under unusual circumstances, registration for the Studies course is 
limited to one unit course during each semester. If you wish to elect more 
than one unit during a semester or three or more unit courses in Studies in 
your total college program, approval of the Academic Standing Committee 
must be secured. If you are privileged to do Independent Study you register 
for courses 80-89, Studies. An appropriate title is entered in your record. 

SEMINAR STUDY 

Individual departments may from time to time find it possible to organize 
small classes or seminars for exceptional students interested in subjects or 
topics not usually a part of departmental course offerings. Establishment 
of the seminar and admission of students depends upon the approval of the 
department involved. Occasionally, Visiting Professors, Lecturers, or 
Specialists in Residence will offer such seminar studies. Students who are 
privileged to elect Seminar Study in any department register for courses 
numbered 70-79-Studies, with an appropriate title to be entered upon the 
student's permanent record. Enrollment in seminar courses is normally 
limited to ten students. 



SPECIAL OPPOR TUNITIES / 43 



DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 



If you desire to enter an Honors program and secure departmental approval 
to apply, a faculty committee shall be convened whose initial responsibility 
shall be to pass upon your eligibility to enter the program. The committee 
responsibility shall also include the direction of the study, and final 
evaluation of its worth. Usually the Honors program involves independent 
study in two consecutive unit courses. Students who are privileged to 
elect Honors register for courses numbered 90-99. 

Honors study is expected to result in the completion of a thesis to be 
defended in a final oral examination. Acceptable theses shall be deposited 
in the college library. Successful completion of the Honors program will 
cause the designation of honors in the department to be placed upon the 
permanent record. In the event that the study is not completed successfully, 
the student shall be re-registered in Independent Studies and given a 
final grade for the course. 

WASHINGTON NATIONAL SEMESTER 

Upon recommendation of the faculty of the Department of Political Science, 
you may be permitted to attend The American University, Washington, D.C., 
for a period of one full semester. The Washington Semester program is 
intended to provide a first-hand acquaintance with various aspects of the 
nation's capital, as well as an academic experience equivalent to four 
normal unit courses. This program is open to selected students who have 
special interests in political science, law, and American government. 
Ordinarily, only junior students are eligible. 



INTERNSHIP PROGRAM 

In order to expand the learning opportunities for Lycoming students and to 
encourage them to relate their on-campus academic experiences more 
directly to society in general and to their post-baccalaureate objectives 
in particular, the faculty has approved the concept of Student Internships. 
Departments will be encouraged to develop internships for their major 
students. Any junior or senior who has declared a major will be able to 
petition the major department for approval to enroll in an internship for a 
maximum of four unit courses of credit. An academic director at Lycoming 
and an agency supervisor at the place of internship will be assigned for 
each intern. Guidelines for program development, assignment of intern tasks, 
consultations, and academic requirements such as exams, papers, reports, 
grades, etc. are being established. 



44/ SPEC I A L OPPOR TUNITIES 



INTERNATIONAL INTERCULTURAL STUDIES 



WASHINGTON INTERNATIONAL SEMESTER 

Upon the recommendation of the faculty of the department of political 
science, you may attend The American University, Washington, D.C. for a 
period of one full semester. The Washington International Semester is 
intended to provide a unique academic experience in international affairs 
within the milieu of a major world capital. 

UNITED NATIONS SEMESTER 

Upon recommendation of the faculty of the departments of history or 
political science, you may attend Drew University, Madison, New Jersey, 
for a period of one full semester. The United Nations Semester is intended 
to provide a first-hand acquaintance with the United Nations, New York 
City, as well as an academic experience equivalent to four normal unit 
courses. This program is open to selected students who have special 
interests in world history, international relations, law, and politics. 
Ordinarily, only junior students are eligible. 

LONDON SEMESTER 

Upon recommendation of the faculty of the departments of history or 
political science, you may attend London University for a period of one 
semester. This program is operated by Drew University in conjunction with 
many other American colleges. It is intended to acquaint the student with 
the character of one of the principal sources of American law and politics 
as well as to provide an academic program equivalent to four normal 
courses. Ordinarily, only junior students are eligible. 

OVERSEAS STUDIES OPPORTUNITIES 

Under auspices of approved universities or agencies, you have an opportunity 
to study in a foreign university. While overseas study is particularly 
attractive to students majoring in foreign languages, this opportunity is 
open to all students. Mastery of the foreign language is not required in all 
programs. A file of opportunities for overseas study is available from the 
reference librarian or the faculty coordinator of overseas study programs. 



It should be noted that Lycoming College cannot assume responsibility for 
the health, safety, or welfare of any student while he or she is engaged in 
or enroute to or from any off -campus studies or activities which are not 
under the exclusive jurisdiction of this institution. 



SPECIAL OPPOR TUNITIES / 45 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 

Students who attend a liberal arts institution find numerous career 
opportunities open to them upon graduation. Although students can seek 
career employment related to their academic major, the value of a liberal 
arts education is that students are not restricted to such employment. A 
liberal arts background gives you the flexibility to pursue various career 
avenues, as illustrated by the careers entered by a few of our typical 
graduates of last year. An English major secured employment as a housing 
counselor for the government; a psychology major, as a manager in a 
retailing business; a biology major, as a food and drug inspector; an 
accounting major, as a graduate student attending law school; a history 
major, as a branch manager in a banking firm; a political science major, 
as a county law enforcement agent; a business major, as a technical 
assistant in a television station; a theatre major, as a counselor for 
underprivileged children. In general, a liberal arts education provides a 
foundation for each student to pursue the type of career which focuses upon 
his abilities, interests, and aspirations. 

Today's employers are seeking college graduates with broad academic 
backgrounds. The primary characteristics desired by employers are 
intelligence, communication skills, leadership ability, community 
involvement, and career identification. Employers believe such an 
individual will be better able to handle the various problems he will 
encounter in today's complex world. 

Lycoming College is committed to assist each student to develop a realistic 
career plan. The Career Development Center is the primary service designed 
to help each student, beginning in his freshman year, to crystallize his 
future plans. Through career counseling, career workshops, career 
information, and similar vehicles, the Career Development Center strives 
to help each Lycoming student. 




CAREER FIELDS UNLIMITED 



Your course of study at Lycoming will help you to gain greater insight 
into many aspects of your world and simultaneously lay a strong foundation 
for a career. Innumerable types of positions are open to liberal arts 
graduates. At Lycoming you have the additional opportunity to explore, 
from an elementary to an advanced level, various fields that may lead to a 
vocation or direct you toward professional or graduate schools. A wide 
variety of vocations may be entered directly upon graduation. These include 
positions in business, industry, government, and the professions, including 
teaching. A student interested in any of these areas is referred to his 
advisor, to the appropriate department, or to a special assigned advisor. 

ACCOUNTING 

There are many reasons for continued rapid growth of the accounting 
profession in the foreseeable future. Lycoming offers a rigorous 
comprehensive program of undergraduate training in accounting leading to 
the bachelor of arts. The most important aspect of an accountant's 
service to clients and to the public cannot be defined as knoweldge, 
nor even as experience, but must be described by more elusive terms: 
wisdom, perception, imagination, circumspection, judgement, integrity. 
A liberal arts education followed by training on-the-job offers you the best 
background for a successful career in accountancy. The academic standards 
are such as to require you to be proficient in math; have an above-average 
ability to communicate ideas verbally and in written form; show a potential 
ability to express and to interpret abstraction; and demonstrate a 
personality capable of developing qualities of business and community 
leadership. Interested? Contact the Accounting Department Chairman. 

BUSINESS 

Lycoming offers course work in the field of business administration 
particularly designed for training prospective business leaders. Business is 
a highly diversified occupation; therefore the curriculum is not designed 
to be vocational or narrowly pre -professional. The purposes of the business 
administration curriculum are to train and equip your mind to recognize 
and solve complex problems facing business executives, to develop an 
appreciation for rigorous analysis, to practice the arts of verbal and 
written communication, and to expose the developing mind to as wide as 
possible a range of course work represented by the traditional liberal arts 
curriculum, to the end that you become truly well educated. Considerable 
flexibility is permissible within the curriculum and you are encouraged to 
pursue course work most rewarding to you. 



46 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES/ 47 



TEACHER EDUCATION 



Lycoming prepares teachers for elementary and secondary schools. The 
programs are approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Education for the 
certification of elementary teachers and for secondary teachers in the 
following areas: Biology , Chemistry, Communication, English, French, 
General Science, German, Mathematics, Physics, Russian, Social Science, 
and Spanish. Pennsylvania certificates are recognized in many other states 
either through reciprocal agreements or by transcript evaluation. 

The excellent facilities of the public schools in Williamsport and the 
surrounding areas are used by education students for observations, 
participation experiences, and practice teaching. 

Lycoming feels that the best preparation for future teachers is based on 
the liberal arts. Therefore, all education students complete a liberal 
arts major in addition to the education requirements. 

Normally, freshmen are not admitted to education courses. All applicants for 
admission to the Teacher Education Program must register with the Education 
Office no later than registration for the first semester of the sophomore year. 
The Committee on Teacher Education evaluates those accepted, at various 
junctures in their education program, using such guidelines as grade point 
average, potential, course requirements, and recommendations. 

Application for practice teaching must be made before October 1 of the 
junior year. Admission to the professional semester is limited and 
selective. Final approval for student participation in the professional 
semester is granted by the Teacher Education Committee. 




48/ CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 



RELIGIOUS EDUCATION 



If you desire extensive study in biblical history and literature, the 
historical development of Christianity, and Christian doctrine, you may 
major in religion. If you plan to enter the vocation of religious education, 
you should, besides majoring in religion, elect five or six unit courses in 
psychology, education, and sociology. This program of study, completely 
within the liberal arts curriculum, will qualify you for work as an 
Educational Assistant, or after graduate study in a theological seminary, as 
a Director of Religious Education. You are invited to contact the Director 
of Religious Activities for further information on the opportunities, 
responsibilities, and requirements of these and other church vocations. 

MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY 

The Medical Technology curriculum is organized around an academic 
background of basic science courses in addition to those liberal arts 
courses listed as requirements for the bachelor of arts degree. Preparation 
at Lycoming for a career in medical technology may be made in either of two 
ways: the attainment of the B.A. followed by a clinical internship at any 
accredited hospital, or by completion of the Lycoming Cooperative Program. 

If you elect to follow the Cooperative Program in Medical Technology, you 
will normally spend three years at Lycoming. During this time you must 
satisfy the general college distribution and major requirements, and must 
successfully complete twenty-four unit courses, including four in chemistry, 
six in biology, and two in mathematics. Three-year students usually major 
in biology, where they are eligible to follow a modified major of six unit 
courses which exempts them from two biology core courses, Ecology 
(Biology 24) and either, but not both, Animal Physiology (Biology 23) or Cell 
Physiology (Biology 20). Also required as part of the Cooperative Program 
is the successful completion of a one -year internship at one of Lycoming's 
affiliated hospitals, currently Williamsport Hospital, Divine Providence 
Hospital, Robert Packer Hospital, Lancaster General Hospital, and 
Abington Hospital. Three-year students will be given Lycoming credit for 
each of eight unit courses in biology and chemistry taken during the 
clinical internship and will graduate from Lycoming at the first 
commencement following successful completion of the internship. Lycoming 
does not consider the Registry examination a requirement for graduation. 

If you decide to graduate from Lycoming before entering a hospital program, 
you may major in any department of your choice, and at the same time 
satisfy ASCP and hospital admission requirements. Once graduated from 
Lycoming, you may apply for admission to a clinical program at any 
hospital of your choice. 

If you are interested in a medical technology career, you should contact 
members of the Medical Technology Coordinating Committee or chairman 
of the biology department before finalizing course decisions. 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES/ 49 



COOPERATIVE PROGRAM IN ENGINEERING 

Consistent with increased attention being given nationally to engineering 
education, Lycoming offers a cooperative curriculum combining the manifold 
advantages of a small liberal arts college with the training to be secured 
at an engineering school. By arrangement with Bucknell University and The 
Pennsylvania State University, the colleges offer a five-year program in 
which the first three years are spent at Lycoming and the final two at the 
engineering school. Upon completion of the first year at the engineering 
school, your record will be sent to Lycoming. If the work is satisfactory, 
Lycoming will award the bachelor of arts degree. Upon the completion of 
the five-year program of studies, a bachelor of science in engineering is 
awarded by the engineering school. Combined programs offer an opportunity 
for completion of studies in the following areas: Bucknell University: 
chemical, civil, electrical, or mechanical engineering; The Pennsylvania 
State University: aeronautical, civil, electrical, industrial, mechanical, 
or sanitary engineering. 

Prescribed work at Lycoming includes, in addition to degree requirements 
outlined above, courses in chemistry, mathematics, and physics. Because 
the demands of the engineering curricula may differ somewhat, a program of 
studies at Lycoming will be designed for you when your plans as to type of 
engineering program preferred have been finally fixed. The chairman of the 
physics department will aid you in planning your program. 

COOPERATIVE PROGRAM IN DRAMA 

The American Academy of Dramatic Arts and Lycoming each recognize 
appropriate courses given by the other institution. Normally, in 
the case of the transfer student who is a graduate of the American Academy 
of Dramatic Arts and recommended by them and who has completed two 
years successful study at an accredited college or university, the residency 
requirement is two summers with The Arena Theatre and two consecutive 
semesters in an academic year. Summer session course work may be 
required. Each case is subject to review. The affiliation with the Academy 
permits a graduating Lycoming senior to be eligible for advanced standing 
at the Academy upon recommendation of the Lycoming College theatre 
department chairman and acceptance by the Academy. For information 
contact the theatre department chairman. 




'"- *- -}• ' **— - -•,-.«.:_ .» 



50/ CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 



COOPERATIVE PROGRAM IN FORESTRY 

Professional and scientific programs of study in forestry for men and women 
are offered in cooperation with the School of Forestry, Duke University. 
You will spend three years in residence at Lycoming and an additional five 
semesters at Duke. Upon satisfactory completion of two semesters at Duke 
you will have earned the A.B. degree from Lycoming, and upon completing 
the remainder of the program will be awarded either the M.F. or M.S. 
degree from Duke, depending upon the nature of the program. 

You should indicate to the Admissions Office that you wish to enroll in 
the Forestry program. At the end of the first term of the third year, 
Lycoming recommends qualified students for admission to the Duke School of 
Forestry. No application need be made to the School of Forestry before then. 

Major fields of forestry at Duke are: 
FOREST RESOURCE ADMINISTRATION FOREST SCIENCE 

Forest Resource Management Forest Ecology 

Forestry Business Management Forest Entomology 

Forest Protection Forest Pathology 

Forest Resource Economics and Policy Tree Physiology 

Biometry & Statistics Tree Biochemistry 

Systems Analysis Dendrology & Wood Anatomy 

Forest Hydrology 
Forest Meterology 
Forest Soils 

If you are interested in Forest Resource Administration you are advised 
to elect a concentration in biology, business management, mathematics, 
economics, computer science, statistics, or sociology. If you plan a career 
in Forest Science, you should strengthen your backgrounds in biology, 
chemistry, mathematics, and physics. Typical programs in fields offered 
at Duke are available upon request from the Dean of the School of Forestry, 
Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27706. More information is 
available from the chairman of the biology department. 

PREPARATION FOR GRADUATE STUDY 

Many careers today require advanced study beyond the bachelor of arts 
degree. In general, preparation for graduate work in one of the academic 
disciplines should include a broad base of liberal studies, a strong 
undergraduate major, and adequate supporting work in closely related fields. 
You can design an individual major to meet the needs of some of the newer 
graduate level interdisciplinary programs. Often graduate departments ask 
that a prospective student's competence be measured by the national Graduate 
Record Examinations. They usually require a reading knowledge of one or 
two foreign languages. You should consult departmental advisors early in 
your college years with respect to planning for entrance to graduate school. 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES/ 51 



PREPARATION FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONS 

The curriculum for the pre -Health Professions (allopathic medicine, dental 
medicine, optometric medicine, osteopathic medicine, podiatric medicine, 
and veterinary medicine) are all organized around a solid foundation in 
biology, chemistry , English, mathematics, and physics. A wide range of 
subject matter from the humanities, social sciences, and fine arts should 
be included in the program. At least three years of undergraduate study 
is recommended before entry into the professional school; the normal 
procedure is to complete the bachelor of arts degree. 

You should indicate to the Admissions Office, when completing the 
application to Lycoming College, that you wish to enroll in the pre-Health 
Professions (various fields of medicine) program. The Health Professions 
Advisory Committee will advise you concerning preparation for and 
application to a health professional school. 

PREPARATION FOR THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY 

If you are a young man or woman interested in the Christian ministry or 
related vocations, you can find the pre-ministerial curriculum at Lycoming 
an exciting and challenging opportunity. Basic courses specified by the 
American Association of Theological Schools are virtually identical with 
the program of courses required for a bachelor of arts degree. Such courses 
offer a wide range of subject matter presenting many opportunities for you 
as a pre-ministerial student to acquaint yourself with the broad scope of 
human experience. Preparation for seminary includes earning a bachelor of 
arts degree with a major in one of a variety of fields such as religion, 
English, history, and philosophy. So that you may have a curriculum 
designed to fit your individual needs, the offerings in the junior and 
senior year are largely elective. The choice of electives will depend upon 
the requirements of the theological school which you expect to attend. 
If you are interested, contact the Director of Religious Activities. 

PREPARATION FOR LAW SCHOOL 

Many colleges of law require a Bachelor of Arts degree for admission. The 
four-year degree program in pre-law at Lycoming College provides a background 
for the prospective student of law. Requirements include courses in political 
science and history, but also specified is a wide range of subject matter 
designed to acquaint you with the vast scope of human experience. 

You may expect to major in economics, history, political science, or related 
fields as you prepare for matriculation in law school. Individual programs 
are tailored to fit your needs as well as to meet the specific requirements 
of the law school to which you apply for admission. Interested students 
should contact the political science department chairman. 



ACADEMIC PROGRAM 



Lycoming College is a liberal arts institution granting the bachelor of 
arts degree. A degree candidate must fulfill certain minimal course 
requirements in breadth of learning— the distribution requirements— and 
in depth of learning in a chosen subject matter field-the major. 

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS 

Every degree candidate must complete the following degree requirements: 

1. Pass a minimum of thirty-two unit courses (128 hours) with an average 
of 2.0 or better within the limit of thirty-eight unit courses (152 hours) 
taken. In case of withdrawals, the attempted course will be considered 
one of the total number of courses permitted, except in the case of 
withdrawals for medical or psychological reasons. 

2. Complete a major consisting of at least eight (8) unit courses. 

3. Achieve an average of 2.0 or better for all courses counted in the major. 

4. Complete the Distribution Requirements. 

5. Complete the final eight courses offered for the degree at Lycoming. 

6. Earn one year of credit in Physical Education.* 

7. Satisfy all financial obligations incurred at the College. 

8. Complete the above seven requirements within seven years of continuous 
enrollment following the date of matriculation. All exemptions or waivers of 
specific requirements are reviewed by the Committee on Academic Standing. 

*Exemption, for medical reasons, from participation in physical activity associated 
with physical education may be granted only by the College Physician who considers 
your medical history, your physician's report, and his own physical examination of you. 

COURSE WORK 

Instruction at Lycoming College is organized, with few exceptions, on a 
departmental basis. Nearly all courses are unit courses, meaning that each 
course taken by you is considered to carry the same academic value as any 
other course. For transfer purposes each course is considered to be 
equivalent to four semester hours of academic work. This does not mean that 
all courses will meet for four one -hour lectures each week, although many 
will do so. Rather, each course meets on a schedule set by the department 
and the instructor involved. Such meetings may be on a lecture, discussion, 
laboratory, or tutorial basis. Varying amounts of additional study, reading, 
writing, and research will be required for each course. Most students 
elect four unit courses each semester. Students may elect to enroll in five 
(5) courses during any semester provided they were admitted to the Dean's 
List during the preceding semester while carrying at least four unit 
courses. Exceptions may be made by the Committee on Academic Standing. 
You can accelerate by taking courses in the May Term and summer sessions. 

53 



54/ ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



MAJORS 



You are required to complete a series of courses in a field of concentration. 
This is accomplished by completing one of the following type of majors: 

Departmental Major, Established Interdisciplinary Major, or 
Individual Interdisciplinary Major. 

DEPARTMENTAL MAJORS 

Departmental majors, as described beginning on page 67, are available in: 



Accounting 




History 


Art 




Mathematics 


Biology 




Music 


Business Administration 




Philosophy 


Chemistry 




Physics 


Economics 




Political Science 


English 




Psychology 


Foreign Languages 




Religion 


French 


Russian 


Sociology and Anthropology 


German 


Spanish 


Theatre 



You may complete two majors; each will be recorded on your record. 

ESTABLISHED INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJOR (EIM) 

An Established Interdisciplinary Major (EIM) can be elected instead of a 
departmental major. Two or more departments work together to establish 
an EIM which must be approved by the Committee on Special Studies. The 
following EIM's, as described beginning on page 63, are available: 
Accounting-Mathematics Soviet Area Studies 

Near East Culture and Archeology Literature 

INDIVIDUAL INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJOR (IIM) 

You may take the initiative and design a unique Individual Interdisciplinary 
Major (IIM) in consultation with your faculty advisor. You may apply for 
approval of an IIM to the Committee on Special Studies via the Registrar, 
who will provide a copy of the Guidelines For Interdisciplinary Majors 
and other necessary forms. 

Individual Interdisciplinary Majors usually involve two or more departments 
which each already offer a major. An IIM is normally comprised of a 
minimum of ten courses beyond those satisfying distribution requirements. 
If the IIM involves departments not included in meeting the distribution 
requirements, then the ten courses may include elementary courses usually 
used to satisfy distribution requirements. However, you are expected to 
take at least six courses at the advanced (junior or senior) level as deter- 
mined in consultation with your advisors. Changes in this set of courses 
comprising the major, which may be desired or needed as you progress, 
must be authorized by the Committee on Special Studies. 



56/ ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



As an IIM student, you are advised by a committee composed of one professor 
from each department involved. You choose the chairman who functions as the 
advisor of record, maintains your records, etc. The Committee on Special 
Studies must certify the successful completion of the IIM for graduation. 
Your transcript will show: 

Interdisciplinary Major in (Departments), for example: 

Interdisciplinary Major in Urban Studies (History, Psychology, Sociology). 

POLICY ON ADMISSION TO MAJOR 

If you desire an established interdisciplinary major (EIM) or departmental 
major (DM), you must declare your elected major, in the Office of the 
Registrar, no later than the beginning of your junior year. 

If you desire an individual interdisciplinary major (IIM), you must apply 
to and secure the approval of the Committee on Special Studies in 
conformity with established policy. 

If the Committee on Special Studies, the Coordinating Committee for 
an EIM, or a department feels that legitimate reasons exist which may 
warrant removal from major status, that committee or department must 
submit these reasons, in writing, to the Dean of the College who, after 
consultation with you, will decide whether or not you are to be removed 
from major status. The Committee on Special Studies, the Coordinating 
Committee for an EIM, the department, or you may appeal the decision of 
the Dean of the College to the Committee on Academic Standing which will 
either sustain or modify the decision of the Dean of the College. As in 
all cases of student appeals, the final appeal is to the College president. 

If you have not declared a major by the beginning of your junior year, 
you are subject to dismissal from the College. 



ACADEMIC ADVISEMENT 

An advantage of a small college is the rich experience gained by the close 
association of students and faculty. The counseling program at Lycoming 
enables you to discuss various academic problems with your instructors, and 
the staffs of the Dean of the College and the Dean of Student Services. 

As an entering Freshman, you are assigned to a faculty adviser who meets with 
you as needed during the year. You will find your adviser willing to guide and 
assist in the many problems that confront a new college student. If, as an 
upperclass student, you do not feel the need for a formally assigned adviser, 
you may assume the responsibility for meeting your degree requirements. 



ACADEMIC PROGRAMS/ 57 



THE DISTRIBUTION REQUIREMENTS 

One of the reasons a student chooses to come to Lycoming is a desire to 
obtain a breadth of knowledge in many areas, a liberal arts education. A 
student who deliberately elects to attend a liberal arts college is 
interested in more than training in a narrow major; he wants knowledge in 
an area of special interest, his major, amplified by exploration into 
kindred and "unrelated" fields. 

Lycoming College, being a liberal arts institution, insists that a major 
program of study be supported and challenged by the influences of a 
diversity of subjects. The major must not become narrow in its vision and 
sterile in its ability to help you function effectively in a world where 
nothing is neatly isolated and compartmentalized. The College believes 
that the essence of liberal education is its potential for exposing you to 
the multitude of historical, traditional, and contemporary avenues of thought 
and action which are brought to light in different ways through the study 
of various disciplines. 

By taking different kinds of subjects, you can discover numerous ways of 
seeing things. You can gain the advantage of learning to view events and 
approach problems and questions from various points of view. You can 
discover that the interpretation of events and the relevance of solutions 
and answers will vary greatly for different individuals and groups. 

To have you achieve at least a minimal insight into this multiplicity of 
perspective, thought, and reaction, Lycoming requires that you select some 
of your courses from six groups of courses as outlined below. The aim is 
not the garnering of specific, prescribed information, but rather, the 
development of a broadly based perspective of all aspects of life. 

The distribution requirements in English, Mathematics, Fine Arts, Natural 
Science, and History and Social Science may be met by superior performance 
on the General Examinations of the College Level Examination Program. 
Further information may be obtained from the Office of the Registrar. 

ENGLISH 

You are required to pass English I and one other English course. English I 
must be taken during the freshman year. 

FOREIGN LANGUAGE OR MATHEMATICS 

You are required to meet a minimum basic requirement in either a foreign 
language or mathematics. 

Mathematics. If you elect mathematics, you must complete four courses in 
mathematics. By passing a proficiency examination you may reduce this 
requirement to two courses other than Math 1. These exams are offered 
during the Freshman Orientation. 



58/ ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



Foreign Language. If you elect to take a foreign language, you may choose 
from among French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Russian, or Spanish. You are 
required to pass two courses on the intermediate or a higher course level. 
Placement at the appropriate course level will be determined by the 
faculty of the department of foreign languages. No student who has had 
two or more years of a given foreign language in high school shall be 
admitted to the elementary course in that same language for credit, except 
by written permission from the chairman of the department. French 28 
will meet part of this requirement only upon consent of the department. 

RELIGION OR PHILOSOPHY 

You are required to pass one year (two courses in the same subject) in 
either philosophy or religion. 

Philosophy. You may take any two philosophy courses. 

Religion. The distribution requirement may be satisfied by completing 
two religion courses, at least one of which must be 10, 13, or 14. 

FINE ARTS 

You are required to pass one year (two courses) in one of the following: 

Art. You may take any two art courses. 

Literature. You may take any two literature courses selected from 
the offerings of the departments of English and Foreign Languages and 
Literatures. 

Music. Any combination of music courses totaling the equivalent of two 
full-unit courses (academic full-unit courses-Music 1 through 46 and 
Music 70Y, or applied fractional unit courses-Music 60 through 69) will 
satisfy this requirement. You can earn the equivalent of two full units in 
Music in one of the following ways: 

1 . Take two full-unit academic courses from those numbered Music 1 
through 59 and Music 70's, 

2. Take a total of two full units of applied music, from courses numbered 
Music 60 through 69, which are earned fractionally as follows: 

A. 1/8 unit per semester for one half-hour of instruction per week in 
courses numbered 60 through 66. 

B. 1/4 unit per semester for one hour of instruction per week in 
courses numbered 60 through 66. 

C. 1/4 unit per semester for music 67, 68, or 69. 

3. Take one full-unit academic course (Music 1 through 59 and Music 70's) 
plus the equivalent of one full-unit course earned fractionally in 
applied music courses 60 through 69 as explained in "2" above. 

Theatre. Any two theatre courses 10 and above will satisfy this requirement. 



ACADEMIC PROGRAMS/ 59 



NATURAL SCIENCE 



You are required to pass one year (any two courses) in one of the 
following: biology, chemistry, or physics. 

HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE 

You are required to pass one year (two courses) in one of the following: 

Economics. You may take any two courses. 

History. You may take any two courses. 

Political Science. You may take any two courses. 

Psychology. You may take Psychology 10 plus one course usually chosen 
from among Psychology 15, 16, 30, 31, 32, or 38. 

Sociology and Anthropology. You may take Sociology 10 plus another course. 

NOTE: A course can be used to satisfy only one distribution requirement. 



GRADING SYSTEM 

The College uses the traditional letter system of grading: A B C D F or 
Satisfactory /Unsatisfactory. Any student enrolled full-time at Lycoming 
College may elect to take up to a maximum of four courses on a Satisfactory/ 
Unsatisfactory basis. Only one course may be taken on this basis during any 
semester. No course taken by a student on a S/U basis after the declaration 
of his major and approval by the department involved may be used to satisfy 
a requirement of that major, including courses required by the major 
department which are offered by other departments. Instructor-designated 
S/U courses are excepted from this limitation. 

During the May Term, instructors, with the approval of the Dean of the 
College and the Director of Special Sessions, may designate courses to be 
taken on an S/U basis only. These courses will not count toward the four- 




60/ ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



course limit. A course elected on an S/U basis which is subsequently 
withdrawn will not count toward the four-course limit. 

Any student electing a course on an S/U basis may designate a minimum 
acceptable letter grade of 'A', 'B' or 'C. If the letter grade actually 
earned by the student equals or exceeds the minimum acceptable letter 
grade designated by the student, then the letter grade actually earned in 
the course will be entered on the student's permanent record and will be 
used in computing the student's GPA. In this case the course will not count 
toward the four-course limit since it was not completed on an S/U basis. 
If the student fails to designate a minimum acceptable letter grade or if 
the letter grade actually earned is lower than the minimum acceptable 
letter grade designated by the student, then the Registrar will substitute 
an 'S' for any passing grade ('A', 'B\ 'C or 'D') and a 'U' for an 'F' grade. 

The student shall declare by the end of the period during which courses 
may be added an intention to be graded on an S/U basis. At the same 
time, and except for instructor-designated S/U courses, the student will 
indicate a minimum acceptable letter grade, if he or she so chooses. 
The instructor will not be notified of these decisions, unless the student 
chooses to do so. A student electing the S/U option shall be expected to 
perform the same work in the course as those being graded on the regular 
basis. 

You will receive full credit for a course passed with a Satisfactory grade. 
Neither the "S" nor the "U" count in computing the grade point average. 

Incomplete grades may be given if you, for absolutely unavoidable reasons, 
have not been able to complete the work requisite to the course. Such 
circumstances usually stem from medical sources. An incomplete grade 
must be removed within six (6) weeks of the next regular semester. 

MID-SEMESTER EVALUATIONS FOR FRESHMEN 

Mid-Semester evaluations are reported for freshman students whose work is 
unsatisfactory. These reports are filed with the Registrar who then reports 
them to the students concerned and their faculty advisors. The evaluation 
report from the instructor may be one of two types: (a) submission of a 
letter grade of "D" or "F" (b) submission of a written evaluation for 
those freshmen who are performing below the satisfactory level. 

ACADEMIC STANDING 

All students must complete a minimum of sixteen (16) unit courses with an 
average of "C" or better to be advanced to the junior year. A student whose 
cummulative or semester average falls below "C" is considered to be in 
academic difficulty and his academic record will be reviewed by the 
Committee on Academic Standing. Such students may be placed on academic 
probation, suspended, or dismissed by the Committee on Academic Standing 
according to regulations established by the Faculty. 



ACADEMIC PROGRAMS/ 61 



ACADEMIC HONORS 

The Dean's List is issued at the close of each semester in recognition of 
superior scholarship. Students are admitted to the Dean's List when they 
have completed at least three courses with other than S/U and have a 
minimum grade point average of 3.50 for the semester. 

You may be awarded the bachelor of arts degree with honors when you 
have earned the following grades: 

Bachelor of Arts, summa cum laude— a 3.90 grade point average. 
Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude— a 3.50 grade point average. 
Bachelor of Arts, cum laude-a 3.25 grade point average. 

High quality scholarship is also recognized by completion of a departmental 
honors program and by election of students to membership in Honor Societies. 

WITHDRAWING FROM COURSES 

You may drop any course during the first two weeks of classes and no record 
of such enrollment shall be made on your permanent record card. You may 
also add any course during the first two weeks of classes, subject to the 
approval of the instructor. If you wish to drop a course after the second 
week of classes, you must secure a withdrawal card from the Office of the 
Registrar. You must present this card to the instructor of the course in 
question who will then assign one of the following grades: 

W— Progress at the time of withdrawal cannot be determined. 
WP— Progress at the time of withdrawal is satisfactory. 
WF— Progress at the time of withdrawal is unsatisfactory. 

This grade is then entered on your permanent record card. No withdrawal 
grade is counted in the computation of the grade point average, but the 
course from which you withdraw is counted as one of the thirty-eight (38) 
unit courses to which you are limited in completing your degree 
requirements at Lycoming. 

CLASS ATTENDANCE 

The academic program at Lycoming is based upon the assumption that there 
is value in class attendance for all students. Individual instructors have the 
prerogative of establishing reasonable absence regulations in any course. 
You are responsible for learning and observing these regulations. 



>** 




Aprmw. 




62/ ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



ACADEMIC HONESTY 

The integrity of the academic process of the College requires honesty in 
all phases of the instructional program. The College assumes that students 
are committed to the principle of academic honesty. Students who fail to 
honor this commitment are subject to dismissal from Lycoming. Procedural 
guidelines and rules for the adjudication of cases of academic dishonesty 
are printed in the Faculty Handbook available to students in the library. 




INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS 



ESTABLISHED INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS (EIM) 

ACCOUNTING-MATHEMATICS 

Co-ordinator— Assistant Professor Feldmann 

The Accounting-Mathematics Interdisciplinary Major is designed to offer, 
within a liberal arts framework, courses which will aid you in constructing 
mathematical models for accounting decision making. You will obtain a 
substantial background in mathematics and a working knowledge in accounting. 

Majors will be only four courses short of a math major and three courses 
short of an accounting major. Required accounting courses are: Elementary, 
Intermediate, Cost and Budgetary Accounting Theory. In Mathematics they 
are: Analytic Geometry and Calculus I, II, and III; and Linear Algebra; 
plus two courses from Differential Equations, Introduction to Numberical 
Analysis, and Mathematic Statistics I and II. Business courses required are 
Legal Principles I and II. Recommended courses include: Computer 
Science, Introduction to Statistics, Financial Management, Statistics 
Applied to Business, Insurance, Principles of Economics, Industrial 
Psychology, Social Psychology, and Introduction to Sociology. 

LITERATURE 

Co-ordinator-Associate Professor Maples 

This major recognizes literature as a distinct discipline beyond national 
boundaries and combines the study of any two literatures in the areas of 
English, French, German, Russian, and Spanish. You can thus explore two 
literatures widely and intensively at the upper levels of course offerings 
within each of the respective departments while developing and applying 
skills in foreign languages. The major prepares you for graduate study in 
either of the two literatures studied or in Comparative Literature. 

The major requires at least six literature courses, equally divided between 
the two literatures concerned. The six must be at the advanced level as 
determined in consultation with advisors (normally courses numbered 20 and 
above in English and 40 and above in Foreign Languages). In general, two of 
the advanced courses in each literature should be period courses. The third 
course, taken either as a regular course or as independent study, may have 
as its subject another period, a particular author, genre, or literary 
theme, or some other unifying approach or idea. Beyond these six, the major 
must include at least two additional courses from among those counting 
toward a major in the departments involved. Any prerequisite courses in the 
respective departments (for example, French 23, German 33, 34, Russian 
33, 34) should be taken during the Freshman and Sophomore years. You should 
design your program in consultation with a faculty member from each of the 
literatures concerned. Programs for the major must be approved by the 
departments involved. 



63 



64 /INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS 

NEAR EAST CULTURE AND ARCHEOLOGY 

Co-ordinator— Assistant Professor Lutz 

The Near Eastern Culture and Archeology interdisciplinary major is 
designed to acquaint you with the "cradle of Western civilization", both in 
its ancient and modern aspects. Majors will complete a minimum of eight to 
ten unit courses related to the Near East. 

Required courses are described in their departmental sections and include: 

1 . Three courses (semesters) in language and culture from: 

A. Old Testament Faith and History (Religion 13) 

B. Religions of the World— Islam and Judaism (Religion 24) 

C. History and Religion of the Ancient Near East (Religion 26) 

D. Culture of the Ancient Near East (Religion 27) 

E. Advanced Old Testament Topics (Religion 36) 

F. Judaism and Christianity in the New Testament (Religion 40) 

G. Two semesters of foreign language (Hebrew 11, 12; or independent 
study of related Semitic languages.) 

2. Two courses (semesters) in archeology from: 

A. Palestinian Archeology (Religion 46) 

B. Special Archeology courses, such as "studies" or in May Term 
or summer sessions. 

3. Two courses (semesters) in related departments, such as: Art, History, 
Political Science, Religion, and Sociology and Anthropology. These two 
courses, usually taken in the junior or senior years, can be independent 
study. Topics should be related either to the ancient or the modern Near 
East and must be approved in advance by the committee supervising 

the interdisciplinary study. 

Other courses may be required by the supervisory committee but not beyond 
requiring ten courses in the major. The number of courses taken within this 
program applicable toward fulfilling the College distribution requirements 
will vary according to the selection of courses you make. 




INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS/ 65 

SOVIET AREA STUDIES 

Co-ordinator— Assistant Professor Winston 

The Soviet Area Studies major is an interdisciplinary major designed to 
offer, within the framework of a liberal arts education, intensified study 
of the Soviet Union, communism, and related matters. The program enables you 
to acquire a broader perspective of the USSR than can generally be obtained 
within one discipline. A Cultural Tour of the USSR is normally available in the 
May Term and can be used to satisfy one of the courses needed for 4 below. 

Required courses are described in their departmental sections and include: 

1. Six semesters of Russian language and/or literature 
beyond the elementary level. 

2. Topics in Russian and Societ History (History 46 and 47). 

3. Two courses (semesters) of Senior Seminar on the USSR. 

4. Four courses (semesters) from: 
Comparative Economic Systems (Economics 23) 
The Soviet Political System (Political Science 36) 
Communist Strategies and Tactics (Political Science 37) 
Social and Political Philosophy (Philosophy 22) 

Under this program, up to nine courses required to satisfy the college 
distribution requirements can be completed from the above courses. 



INDIVIDUAL INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS (IIM) 

Registrar Mr. Glunk 

Individual Interdisciplinary Majors (IIM) usually involve two or more 
departments which each already offer a major. An IIM is normally 
comprised of a minimum of ten courses beyond those satisfying the 
distribution requirements. If the IIM involves departments not included in 
meeting the distribution requirements, then the ten courses may include 
elementary courses usually used to satisfy distribution requirements. 
However, you are expected to take at least six courses at the advanced 
(junior or senior) level as determined in consultation with your advisors. 
Any change in courses comprising the major, which may be desired or needed 
as you progress, must be authorized by the Committee on Special Studies. 

An IIM student is advised by a committee composed of one professor from 
each department involved. You choose the chairman who functions as your 
advisor of record, maintains your records, etc. The Committee on Special 
Studies must certify the successful completion of the IIM for graduation. 
Your transcript will show: 

Interdisciplinary major in (Departments), for example: 

Interdisciplinary major in Urban Studies (History, Psychology, Sociology). 



COURSES 



Numbers 1-9 Elementary courses in departments where such courses are not 

counted as part of the student's major. 
Numbers 10-19 Freshman level 
Numbers 20-29 Sophomore level 
Numbers 30-39 Junior level 
Numbers 40-49 Senior level 
Numbers 50-59 Special Advanced Courses 
Numbers 60-69 Special Sessions Courses 
Numbers 70-79 Seminar Study 
Numbers 80-89 Independent Study 
Numbers 90-99 Independent Study for Departmental Honors 

Courses in the 50-59, 70-79, 80-89, 90-99 number series are not listed under 
each department, but are in effect for each department and represent the 
particular studies listed opposite the numbers above (that is, seminar study 
for all departments fall in the 70-79 series, etc.). 

Courses not in sequence are listed separately, as: 

Introduction to Art Art 10 

Drawing I Art 1 1 

Courses which imply a sequence are indicated with a dash between, meaning 
that the first semester must be taken prior to the second, as: 

Intermediate French French 10-1 1 



66 



ACCOUNTING 



Associate Professor: Richmond (Chairman) 
Instructor: Huber 

The purpose of the major is to give students a thorough foundation in 
accounting theory, enabling them to enter the profession through public, 
private, or governmental employment. To achieve this, Accounting 10, 20-21, 
30-31, 40, 41, and 43 are required. All majors are advised to enroll in four 
courses in Economics, including 10/11; Business 23, 35, 36, and 38-39; 
Mathematics 13 and 15. Business 10 may be substituted for Accounting 10 if 
a student changes his major. 

10 ELEMENTARY ACCOUNTING THEORY 

An introductory course in recording, classifying, summarizing, and interpreting the 
basic business transaction. Problems of classification and interpretation of accounts 
and preparation of financial statements are studied. An IBM computer is used to 
solve some of these problems. 

20-2 1 INTERMEDIATE ACCOUNTING THEORY 

An intensive study of accounting statements and analytical procedures with 
emphasis upon corporate accounts. Price level adjustements, partnerships, joint 
ventures, installment and consignment sales, branch and home office accounting, 
and the statement of affairs are among topics studied. Prerequisite: Accounting 10. 

30-31 COST AND BUDGETARY ACCOUNTING THEORY 

Methods of accounting for material, labor and factory overhead expenses consumed 
in manufacturing using job order, process and standard costing. Application of cost 
accounting and budgeting theory to decision making in the areas of make or buy, 
expansion of production and sales, and accounting for control are dealt with. 
Prerequisite: Accounting 21 or consent of instructor. 

40 AUDITING THEORY AND PRACTICE 

The science of verifying, analyzing, and interpreting accounts and reports. An audit 
project is presented, solved and the auditor's report is written. Prerequisite: 
Accounting 21. 

41 FEDERAL INCOME TAX ACCOUNTING AND PLANNING 

Analysis of the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code relating to income, 
deductions, inventories, and accounting methods. Practical problems involving 
determination of income and deductions, capital gains and losses, computation and 
payment of taxes through withholding at the source and through declaration are 
considered. Planning transactions so that a minimum amount of tax will result is 
emphasized. Prerequisite: Accounting 1 or consent of instructor. 

42 FEDERAL INCOME TAX ADMINISTRATION AND PLANNING 

An analysis of the provisions of the Interanl Revenue Code relating to partnerships, 
estates, trusts, and corporations. An extensive series of problems is considered and 
effective tax planning is emphasized. Prerequisite: Accounting 41. 

43 CONTEMPORARY ACCOUNTING PROBLEMS 

Certain areas of advanced accounting theory, including fund accounting, are 
covered, and problems are taken from past C.P.A. examinations which require a 
thorough knowledge of the core courses in their solution. The course is intended to 
meet the needs of those interested in public accounting and preparation for the 
Certified Public Accountants Examination. Prerequisite: Accounting 31 or consent 
of instructor. 



67 



ART 



Assistant Professor: Shipley (Chairman), Hughes 

Instructor: Ameigh 

Part-Time Instructor: Fetter, Wild 

A major consists of a balanced program of history of art and studio 
courses. In addition to the core courses of the major program (Art 11, 15 or 
16, 20, 21, 22, 23, 30, and 46), the student will elect two advanced courses in 
art history. Art 25 and 35, or Art 28 and 38 may be substituted for Art 20 
and 30. Majors will be required to present their better work in a one-man 
show during their senior year. 



10 INTRODUCTION TO ART 

Presents historical and contemporary styles of architecture, sculpture, painting, and 
the minor arts; considers the roles of the elements of design and of materials and 
techniques in the creation and appreciation of works of art. 

11 DRAWING I 

Study of the human figure with gesture and proportion stressed. Student is made 
familiar with different drawing techniques and media. Some drawing from nature. 
Offered in alternate semesters with Drawing II and III. 

14 DESIGN FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

A course designed to give each student the opportunity to explore, in his own 
creative style, ideas, techniques and methods for involving children in expressive 
activities through the use of a wide range of media in the making of prints, puppets, 
pictorial and design projects, simple modeling, mosaics, plaster casting, weaving and 
stitchery projects, simple jewelry and gift crafts, lettering projects, mobiles, stabiles, 
and other three-dimensional designs created from scrap materials. 

15 TWO-DIMENSIONAL DESIGN 

The basic fundamentals found in the two-dimensional arts; line, shape, form, space, 
color, and composition are taught in relationship to the other two-dimensional arts. 
Perceptual theories and their relationships to what and why we see what we see in 
art is discussed with each problem. 

16 THREE-DIMENSIONAL DESIGN 

An introduction to the uses of form and materials. Objects will be designed whose 
form follows function, such as kites; whose form follows expressive intent, such as 
plaster constructions or movie films. 

20 PAINTING I 

An introduction of painting techniques and materials. Coordination of color, value, 
and design within the painting is taught. Some painting from the figure. No 
limitations as to painting media, subject matter or style. Prerequisite: Art 15. 

21 DRAWING II 

Continued study of the human figure. Emphasis is placed on realism and 
figure-ground coordination with the use of value and design. Prerequisite: Art 11. 

22 HISTORY OF ART 

The development of the visual arts from prehistoric days to the Italian Renaissance. 

23 HISTORY OF ART 

The development of visual arts from the Italian Renaissance to Contemporary Art. 



68 



ART/69 

24 AMERICAN ART 

Painting, sculpture, architecture, and the decorative arts in the United States 
between 1630 and the present. Alternate years. 

25 SCULPTURE I 

An introduction to the techniques, materials, and ideas of sculpture. Clay, plaster, 
wax, wood and other materials will be used. The course will be concerned with 
ideas about sculpture as expression, and with giving material form to ideas. 

26 CRAFTS I 

An introduction to the various craft materials, processes, design problems, and 
techniques involved in work in such crafts as clay, wood, fiber, metal, and plastics. 

27 INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY 

Objectives of the course are to develop technical skills in the use of photographic 
equipment (cameras, films, darkroom, print maker) and to develop sensitivity in the 
areas of composition, form, light, picture quality, etc. Each student must own or 
have access to a 35 mm roll film camera. 

28 PRINTMAKING I 

Practice of the techniques of silk-screen, wood-block, and linoleum-block printing. 
Prerequisite: Art 1 1 and 15. 

30 PAINTING II 

Emphasis is placed on individual style and technique. Artists and movements in art 
are studied. No limitations as to painting media, subject matter, or style. 
Prerequisite: Art 20. 

31 MODERN ART 

The chief works and movements of European painting and sculpture between 1880 
and the present. 

32 AMERICAN ART OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture in the United States with emphasis on 
developments after 1945. 

33 19TH CENTURY ART 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture in Europe between 1760 and 1900. 

34 ASPECTS OF THE RENAISSANCE 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture of the Renaissance— 15th and 16th century. 

35 SCULPTURE II 

A continuation of Art 2 5 or Art 16, with emphasis on independent projects and 
more complex technique. Casting of bronze and aluminum sculpture will be done in 
the school foundry. Prerequisite: Art 16 or 25. 

36 CRAFTS II 

More advanced experimentation with crafts materials, with greater emphasis upon 
good craftsmanship and aesthetic quality. Prerequisite: Art 26. 

38 PRINTMAKING II 

Further exploration of silk-screen printing techniques, practice of the techniques of 
engraving, drypoint, etching, and aquatint. 

40 PAINTING III 

Professional quality is stressed. There is some experimentation with new painting 
techniques and styles. 

41 DRAWING III 

Continued study of the human figure. Individual style and professional control of 
drawing techniques and media are now emphasized. 

46 STUDIO RESEARCH 

Independent research in an elective studio area, conducted under the supervision of 
the appropriate faculty member, includes creation of works which may be 
incorporated in one-man senior exhibition. Student works in private studio assigned 
by the department. 



BIOLOGY 

Associate Professor: Kelley 

Assistant Professor: Angstadt (Chairman), Diehl, Green, 

Mayers, Sherbine 

Instructor: Zaccaria 

A major consists of eight Biology courses including 10-11, 20, 21,22,23, 
and 24. In addition, one year each of chemistry and mathematics is required. 
Certain specific exceptions to the core program will be made for three-year 
students enrolled in cooperative programs. Such exceptions are noted under 
the particular cooperative program heading in the Career Opportunities 
section of the catalog and students interested in these programs should 
contact the Program Director before finalizing their individual program. 
Credit may not be earned for both Biology 1 and 10 or for both Biology 2 
and 1 1 . Consent of instructor may replace Biology 10-1 1 as a prerequisite for 
all Biology courses. 



1-2 PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY 

An investigation of biological principles, including ecological systems, form and 
function in selected representative organisms (especially man), cell theory, 
molecular biology, reproduction, inheritance, adaptation, and evolution. The course 
is designed primarily for students not planning to major in the biological sciences. 

3 FIELD BIOLOGY FOR TEACHERS 

A methods course for students preparing to teach biology. Sources and methods of 
collecting and preserving various plant and animal materials. Offered summer only. 

5-6 BASIC HUMAN BIOLOGY 

An introduction to the physics and chemistry relative to biological systems. Human 
anatomy, physiology, and developmental biology will be surveyed. An introduction 
to microbiology with emphasis on host-pathogen relationships and the immune 
response. 

10-1 1 INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY 

An introduction to the study of biology designed for students planning to major in 
the biological sciences. Major topics considered include the origin of life, cellular 
respiration and photosynthesis, genetics, development, anatomy and physiology, 
ecology, behavior and evolution. 

20 CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY 

Physico-chemical background of cellular function; functions of membrane systems 
and organelles; metabolic pathways; biochemical and cellular bases of growth; 
development and responses of organisms. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11, and a year of 
Chemistry. 

2 1 MICROBIOLOGY 

A study of micro-organisms: bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi. Emphasis is 
given to the identification and physiology of micro-organisms as well as to their role 
in disease, their economic importance and industrial applications. Prerequisite: 
Biology 10-11. 

22 GENETICS 

A general consideration of the principles governing inheritance including treatments 
of classical, molecular, cytological, physiological, microbial, human and population 
genetics. Prerequsite: Biology 10-11. 

23 ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY 

The mechanisms and functions of animal systems including the autonomic, 
endocrine, digestive, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, nervous, and reproductive 
systems. Mammalian physiology is stressed. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 



70 



BIOLOGY/ 71 

24 ECOLOGY 

The study of the principles of ecology with emphasis on the role of chemical, 
physical, and biological factors affecting the distribution and succession of plant 
and animal populations and communities. Included will be field studies of local 
habitats as well as laboratory experimentation. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 

30 COMPARATIVE ANATOMY OF VERTEBRATES 

Detailed examination of the origins, structure, and functions of the principal organs 
of vertebrates. Special attention is given to the progressive modification of organs 
from lower to higher vertebrates. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

31 HISTOLOGY 

A study of the basic body tissues and the microscopic anatomy of the organs and 
structures of the body which are formed from them. Focus is on normal human 
histology. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

32 MICROTECHNIQUES 

A course designed to acquaint the student with the principles and techniques of 
preparing biological materials for microscopic study. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 
Alternate years. 

33 ECONOMIC AND SYSTEMATIC BOTANY 

Structure and classification of plants, with emphasis on those species, particularly 
food and drug plants, having significance for human affairs. Prerequisite: Biology 
10-11. Alternate years. 

34 INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY 

Comparative study of the invertebrate phyla with emphasis on phylogeny, 
physiology, and morphology. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

40 PARASITOLOGY 

The biology of parasites and parasitism. Studies on the major groups of animal 
parasites, their taxonomy and life cycles, with an emphasis on those of medical and 
veterinary importance. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

41 VERTEBRATE EMBRYOLOGY 

A study of the development of vertebrates from the fertilized eggs to the fully 
formed embryo. Particular attention is given to the chick and human as 
representative organisms. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

42 ANIMAL BEHAVIOR 

A study of the causation, function, evolution, and biological significance of animal 
behaviors in their normal environmental and social contexts. Prerequisite: Biology 
10-11. Alternate years. 

43 ICHTHYOLOGY 

The course will encompass the anatomy, taxonomy, and life histories of both 
freshwater and marine fish. Species of major economic and sport interest will be 
featured, while the areas of fish management, aquiculture, and fish harvesting will 
be considered. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate Years. 

44 BIOCHEMISTRY 

Emphasis is given to the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, proteins, 
and nucleic acids; integration of metabolism; and biochemical control mechanisms 
including allosteric control, induction, repression, as well as the various types of 
inhibitive control mechanisms. Prerequisite: Chemistry 20-21 or Chemistry 5, or 
consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

45 EVOLUTION 

A history of evolutionary thought, including the genetic, systematic, ecological, and 
zoo-geographical concepts which are related to the process of evolution. Pre- 
requisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

46 PLANT ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 

A study of plant physiology as a function of plant anatomy. Metabolic relationships 
and environmental factors will be examined from a background of the structure and 
development of cells, tissues, organs, and whole plants. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 
Alternate years. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

Associate Professor: Hollenback (Chairman) 

Assistant Professors: King, Malcolm 

Instructor: Stauffer 

Lecturer: Larrabee 

Part-Time Instructor: Ginsburg 

The major is designed to train the student in analytical thinking and 
verbal and oral communication, in addition to educating him in the principal 
disciplines of business. To accomplish this, ten courses are required: Business 
10-11, 23, 28-29, 38-39,40, and 41 and Mathematics 13. Accounting 10 may 
be substituted for Business 10 if a student changes his major. Majors also are 
urged to enroll in Economics 10/1 1 ; Business 35 and 36; Mathematics 12 and 
15. The additional elective offerings are intended to add depth in the areas of 
finance, marketing, and management. 

10-11 MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING 

The business firm is a decision-making institution adapting to a constantly changing 
environment. Future administrators and managers are introduced to their steward- 
ship responsibilities by use of accounting and statistical techniques as tools in 
planning and controlling the organization. 

23 QUANTITATIVE BUSINESS ANALYSIS 

Techniques of quantitative analysis useful in business management. Topics include: 
sampling, hypothesis testing, index numbers, analysis of time series, linear 
programming, and decision theory. Prerequisite: Math 13 or consent of instructor. 

28-29 MARKETING MANAGEMENT 

Planning, organization, and control of the distribution activities of the firm, and an 
analysis and evaluation of the marketing system, its institutions and processes. 
Application of marketing principles and the development of strategies for specific 
marketing problems. Product, channel flow, promotion and pricing strategies 
explored. Readings, cases, and games. 

32 SALES PROMOTION 

Nature, scope, methods, and effects of promotion. Techniques of analysis and 
control in the use of advertising, personal selling, and publicity as tools in 
developing business strategy. 

33 INVESTMENTS 

Analysis of the leading types of investments available to the individual and the firm. 
Use of forecasting methods, financial reports, and financial indicators. Methods of 
buying and selling securities with a discussion of the agencies involved including 
brokerage houses and stock exchanges. 

34 INSURANCE 

Analysis of the major insurance methods of overcoming risk, including: life, 
accident, health, marine, and social insurance. Fidelity and surety bonds. 
Commercial and government plans. 

35 LEGAL PRINCIPLES I 

Lectures and analysis of cases on the nature, sources, and fundamentals of the law 
in general, and particularly as relating to contracts, agency, and negotiable 
instruments. Open only to juniors and seniors. 

36 LEGAL PRINCIPLES II 

Lectures on the fundamentals and history of the law relating to legal associations, 
real property, wills, and estates. Open only to juniors and seniors. 



72 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRA TION / 73 



38-39 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 

Planning, organization, and control of the financial aspects of the firm 
Development of financial principles and application to specific situations Sources 
and uses of funds, costs of funds, profit determination, expansion, reorganization 
and liquidation. Prerequisite: Business 11 or Accounting 20, and Business 23. 

40 MANAGEMENT CONCEPTS 

Structural characteristics and functional relationships of a business organization as 
well as the problems encountered in coordinating the internal resources of a firm. 
Emphasis on administrative efficiency and procedures. 

41 BUSINESS POLICIES 

Planning, organization, and control of business operations; setting of goals- 
coordination of resources; development of policies. Analysis of strategic decisions 
encompassing all areas of a business, and the use and analysis of control meausres 
Emphasis on both the internal relationship of various elements of production 
finance marketing, and personnel and the relationship of the business entity to 
external stimuli. Readings, cases, and games. Prerequisites: Business 23, 28-29 
38-39, and 40 or consent of instructor. Seniors only. 

42 PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 

An introduction to the managerial problems of recruiting, selecting training and 
retraining the human resources of the firm. Emphasis is placed on the inter- 
relationship of personnel policies with management objectives and philosophies in 
such areas as fringe benefits, wage and salary policies, union activities and health 
and safety. 

43 RETAIL MANAGEMENT I 

Planning organization, and control of the retailing firm. Competitive strategy 
developed through store location, layout, administrative organization, buying and 
pricing. Cases, reading, and papers. Alternate years. 

44 RETAIL MANAGEMENT II 

Inventory control, retail sales, promotion, and financial analysis of the enterprise 
Survey of current issues and governmental, social, and economic forces of concern 
o the retailer. Retailing principles applied to specific management situations 
through cases, games, and reading. Prerequisite: Business 43 or consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

45 ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY 

An analysis of organizational design through the use of analytical models Using the 
systems approach, an understanding of human behavior in formal organizations is 
developed, and practical problems of organizational design are discussed. Topics 
include: traditional organizational theory, behavior patterns, organizational design 
and change. A Iternate years. ' 

46 PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT 

An introduction to the production function in industry. Topics include: product 
design, plant location and layout, operational analysis, performance standards line 
balance theory, inventory control, and the impact of automation through 
technological change. Alternate years. 




CHEMISTRY 



Professors: Hummer (Chairman), Radspinner 
Assistant Professors: Franz, Turner 

A major consists of eight Chemistry courses: Chemistry 10-11, 20-21, 
30-31, 32, and 33; Mathematics 18-19, 20, and Physics 10-11. Mathematics 
15 and 21, and French, German, or Russian are highly recommended. 
Placement in Chemistry is determined, in part, by an examination taken by 
all students upon initial enrollment in the subject. Credit may not be earned 
for both Chemistry 1 and 10 or for both Chemistry 2 and 1 1. 

1-2 GENERAL CHEMISTRY 

An introduction to the fundamental principles of chemistry including stoichi- 
ometry, atomic and molecular structure and properties, the states of matter, 
solutions, kinetics, equilibrium, and nomenclature. A study of the chemistry of 
selected elements and their compounds is made through application of fundamental 
principles with particular attention focused on representative metals and their 
inorganic compounds and on the covalent chemistry of carbon including synthetic 
and naturally occurring compounds. The laboratory treats the qualitative analysis 
both of inorganic ions and of organic compounds as well as quantitative 
relationships. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion and one three-hour 
laboratory period per week. 

5 BRIEF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

This course is designed for those non-chemistry majors who elect a single semester 
course only in organic chemistry. The material will illustrate principles and 
concepts of organic chemistry supported by that descriptive material which would 
find application for students of medical technology, biology, nursing, forestry, 
education, and the humanities. Topics included are bonding and structure, alkanes, 
alkenes, arenes, and their functional derivatives, amino acids and proteins, 
carbohydrates, and other naturally-occurring compounds. Three hours of lecture 
and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 2 or 11. 

10-11 ADVANCED GENERAL CHEMISTRY 

A rigorous introduction to the concepts and models of chemistry. The foundations 
of physical, analytical, and inorganic chemistry are emphasized. Both qualitative 
and quantitative analysis procedures are included in laboratory work as well as 
investigations of physical and chemical properties of compounds and mixtures. 
Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, and one three-hour laboratory period per 
week. Prerequisite: Placement by examination. 

20-21 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

A systematic study of the compounds of carbon including both aliphatic and 
aromatic series. The laboratory work introduces the student to simple fundamental 
methods of organic synthesis, isolation, and analysis. Three hours lecture and one 
four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 2 or 11. 

30-31 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of the fundamental principles of theoretical chemistry and their 
applications. The laboratory work includes techniques in physiochemical measure- 
ments. Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 11. Mathematics 20, and one year of Physics or consent of 
instructor. 

32 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of the fundamental methods of gravimetric, volumetric, and elementary 
instrumental analysis together with practice in laboratory techniques and calcula- 
tions of these methods. Two hours lecture and two three-hour laboratory periods 
each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 11 or consent of instructor. 



74 



CHEMISTRY/ 75 



33 ADVANCED INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

A study of modern theories of atomic and molecular structure and their 
relationship to the chemistry of selected elements and their compounds. Three 
hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: 
Chemistry 30, Mathematics 20, and one year of Physics or consent of instructor. 

39 INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS 

After presenting the origin, basic concepts and formulation of Quantum Mechanics 
with emphasis on its physical meaning the free particle, simple harmonic oscillator 
and central force problems will be investigated. Both time independent and time 
dependent perturbation theory will be covered. The elegant operator formalism of 
quantum mechanics will conclude the course. Four hours of lecture and recitation. 
Prerequisites: Mathematics 21; either Chemistry 31 or Physics 23, and consent of 
instructor. 

40 ADVANCED ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

Selected topics, which may include mechanisms of organic reactions, synthesis, 
detailed structure and chemistry of natural products, polynuclear hydrocarbons, 
and aromatic heterocyclics. Three hours lecture. Prerequisite: Chemistry 20-21. 

41 QUALITATIVE ORGANIC ANALYSIS 

Theory and application of the systematic identification of pure organic compounds 
and mixtures. Two hours lecture and two three-hour laboratory periods each week. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 20. 

42 ADVANCED PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 

Topics in theoretical chemistry selected from quantum mechanics, statistical 
mechanics, and current literature. Four hours lecture each week. Prerequisite: 
Chemistry 31 and 33. 

43 ADVANCED ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of advanced analytical methods with emphasis on chromatographic, 
electrochemical, and spectroscopic methods of analysis. Three hours lecture and 
one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 31 and 32. 

44 BIOCHEMISTRY 

Emphasis is given to the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, proteins, 
and nucleic acids; integration of metabolism; and biochemical control mechanisms 
including allosteric control, induction, repression, as well as the various types of 
inhibitive control mechanisms. Prerequisite: Chemistry 21 or 5 or consent of 
instructor. 

45 SPECTROSCOPY AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE 

Theory and- practice of molecular structure determination by spectroscopic 
methods. Three hours lecture. Pre or co-requisites: Chemistry 31, 33, or consent of 
instructor. 

48 CHEMISTRY COLLOQUIUM 

A seminar in which faculty, students, and invited professional chemists discuss their 
own research activities or those of others which have appeared in the recent 
chemical literature. Prerequisite: Three semesters of non-credit Chemistry 
Colloquium 00 taken during the junior and senior years. 





ECONOMICS 

Professor: Rabold (Chairman) 
Associate Professor: Opdahl 

The major has two tracks: Track I is designed for students whose primary 
interest lies in business management; Track II is designed for students with an 
interest in graduate work, teaching, government, or non-business careers and 
for those with less defined interests. 

Track I - Managerial Economics requires: Economics 10/11, 32, and 41; 
Business 10-11, or Accounting 10 and 20; Business 38 and 39; plus two 
electives from the following: Economics 31, 35, 37, 43 and Business 40. 

Track II - Political Economy requires: Economics 10/11, 30, 31, 40 and 
five electives of which three must be in economics and two in political 
science, all selected with the advice and consent of the student's advisor or 
department chairman. 

In addition, the following courses are recommended: All majors - Math 
13 and Business 23; Majors planning graduate work - Math 18-19; Track II 
majors - Business 10-11. 

10/11 PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY* 

An introduction to the problem of scarcity; to the economic thought, principles, 
institutions, and systems to which the problem has given rise. 

20 MONEY AND BANKING 

Monetary and fiscal factors affecting the level of national income; financial 
organization of society ; the banking system, credit institutions, capital markets, and 
international financial relations. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11. 

22/23 COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC SYSTEMS* 

The economic development and comparative analysis of contemporary economic 
systems, particularly capitalism, socialism, and communism. Alternate years. 

30/31 INTERMEDIATE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS* 

An analysis of contemporary value, distribution, and income theory. First semester 
is micro-economics; second is macro-economics. Prerequisite: Economics 10/11. 

32 GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY 

An analytical survey of the areas of contact of government at all levels with the 
American economy, especially in the areas of anti-trust legislation and public 
utilities. Prerequisite: Economics 10/11 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

35 LABOR PROBLEMS 

The development of labor unions, particularly in the United States; consideration 
of the evolution of labor and wage theories, labor legislation, and contemporary 
issues of labor-management relations. Alternate years. 

37 PUBLIC FINANCE 

An analysis of the fiscal economics of the public sector, to include the 
development, concepts, and theories of public expenditures, taxation, and debt at 
all levels of American government. Includes also the use of fiscal policy as an 
economic control device. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11 or consent of 
instructor. 

40 HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT 

A discussion of the origins, development, and significance of the economic ideas 
embodied in the works of Smith, Marx, Schumpeter, Keynes, and others. 
Prerequisite: Economics 1 and 1 1 or consent of instructor. 

* These two courses (one semester each) may be taken in either order, or only one 
may be taken. 



76 



ECONOMICS/ 77 

41 MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS 

The application of economic theory and methodology to the solution of business 
problems. Subjects include: optimizing techniques, risk analysis, demand theory, 
production theory, cost theory, linear programming, capital budgeting, market 
structures, and the theory of pricing. Prerequisites: Business 38 and 39 or consent 
of instructor. 

43 INTERNATIONAL TRADE 

A study of the principles, theory, development, and policies concerning inter- 
national economic relations, with particular reference to the United States. 
Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 1 1. Alternate years. 

45 DEVELOPMENT OF UNDERDEVELOPED NATIONS 

A study of the theories and problems of capital accumulation, allocation of 
resources, technological development, growth, planning institutions and inter- 
national relations encountered by the developing nations. Alternate years. 



EDUCATION 

Associate Professor: Schaeffer (Chairman) 
Assistant Professors: Conrad, Goodman, Keesbury 

Education 20 and Psychology 38 are prerequisites to all other offerings 
in the Education Department. Education 20 must be taken at least two (2) 
semesters before the Professional Semester. 

Students seeking elementary certification must complete Mathematics 7, 
Education 30, 40, 41, and 42 as prerequisites to the Professional Semester, 
which includes Education 45, 47, and 48. They must also complete the 
Elementary Games section of the Physical Education course. 

Students seeking secondary certification must fulfill the requirement of a 
participation experience in area schools before the Professional Semester. 
Arrangements for participation are to be made through the Education 
Department. All requirements of the major must be completed in addition to 
the professional semester which includes Education 46, 47, and 49. 

20 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF EDUCATION 

A study of teaching as a profession with emphasis on the economic, social, political, 
and religious conditions which influence American schools and teachers. Considera- 
tion is given to the school environment, the curriculum, and the children with the 
intention that the student will examine more rationally his own motives for 
entering the profession. Not open to freshmen. 

30 THE PSYCHOLOGY AND TEACHING OF READING 
IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

A background course in the psychological, emotional, and physical bases of reading. 
A study of the learning process as it applies to reading, child development and the 
curriculum. The development of a reading program from the beginning (readiness) 
through principles, problems, techniques, and materials used in the total elementary 
schools. Observation of and participation with superior teachers in elementary 
schools of the Greater Williamsport Area. Prerequisites: Education 20 and 
Psychology 38. 

32 INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA AND COMMUNICATIONS 

A study of the value, design, construction, and application of the visual and 
auditory aids to learning. Practical experience in the handling of audio-visual 
equipment and materials is provided. Application of Audio-Visual Techniques. 
Application of the visual and auditory aids to learning. Students will plan and carry 
out actual teaching assignments utilizing various A-V devices. Summer session only. 



78 /EDUCATION 



39 PUBLIC SCHOOL CURRICULUM 

An examination of the various curricula of the public schools and their relationship 
to current practices. Special attention will be given to the meaning and nature of 
the curriculum; the desirable outcomes of the curriculum; conflicing and variant 
conceptions of curricular content; modern techniques of curricular construction; 
criteria for the evaluation of curricula; the curriculum as a teaching instrument. 
Emphasis will be placed upon the curriculum work within the teaching field of each 
individual. Summer session only. 

40 LANGUAGE ARTS AND CHILDREN'S LITERATU RE 
FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

This course is designed to consider the principles, problems, materials and 
techniques of teaching English, spelling, penmanship, choral speaking, and 
children's literature. Observation of superior teachers in elementary schools of the 
Greater Williamsport Area. Prerequisite: Education 30. 

41 TEACHING THE SOCIAL STUDIES IN THE 
ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

Studies and experiences to develop a basic understanding of the structure, concepts, 
and processes of anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science, 
and sociology as these relate to the elementary school social science curriculum. 
Practical applications, demonstrations of methods, and the development of 
integrated teaching units using texts, reference books, films, and other teaching 
materials. Prerequisite: Education 30. 

42 SCIENCE, HEALTH, AND SAFETY FOR 
ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

Science methods and materials interpreting children's science experiences and 
guiding the development of their scientific concepts. A briefing of the science 
content of the curriculum, its material and use. An introduction to the methods of 
first aid, preservation of health, prevention of accidents, and the development of 
good health habits. Prerequisite: Education 30. 

45 METHODS OF TEACHING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

A study of methods and materials of teaching all elementary school subjects, 
including art and music, with a view to preparing students for their particular 
student teaching assignment. Demonstration lessons by students, micro-teaching, 
simulation activities, and group interrelation studies may be included. Prerequisites: 
Education 40, 41, and 42. 

46 METHODS OF TEACHING IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

A study of materials, methods, and techniques of teaching with emphasis on the 
student's major. Stress is placed on the selection and utilization of visual and 
auditory aids to learning. Students will teach demonstration lessons in the presence 
of the instructor and the members of the class and will observe superior teachers in 
the secondary schools of the Greater Williamsport Area. Prerequisites: Education 
20, Psychology 38, and the Participation Experience. 

47 PROBLEMS IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN EDUCATION 
(PART OF PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Seminar in the issues, problems and challenges encountered by teachers in the 
American public schools, especially those related to the student teaching 
experience. 

48 PRACTICE TEACHING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Two Units. Exceeds state mandated minimum requirement. Professional laboratory 
experience under the supervision of a selected cooperating teacher in a public 
elementary school of the Greater Williamsport Area. Organized learning experi- 
ences. Actual classroom experience.* 

* Practice teachers are required to follow the calendar of the school district to which 
they are assigned. 



ENGLISH/ 79 

49 PRACTICE TEACHING IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTERS 

Two Units. Exceeds state mandated minimum requirement. Professional laboratory 
experience under the supervision of a selected cooperating teacher in a public 
secondary school of the Greater Williamsport Area. Organized learning experiences. 
Emphasis on actual classroom experience, responsibility in the guidance program 
and out-of-class activities.* 

ENGLISH 

Professor: Graham 

Associate Professor: Gustafson (Chairman), Madden 
Assistant Professors: Bayer, Ford, Jensen, Rife, Sawyer 

A major consists of ten courses not including English 1. These ten 
courses must include: 

Literary Periods — Three courses, one course to be chosen from each of three 
of these groups: English 20 or 21; English 22 or 23; English 24, 25, or 26; 
English 27, 28, or 29. 

Genres and Particular Authors - Two courses, one course to be chosen from 
each of these groups: English 30, 31, 32, 33, or 34; English 35, 36, or 37. 
Special Topics - Two courses, chosen from English 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 
48. With the consent of the department, a course such as Theater 40 or 
Foreign Language 25 may be included among the ten required for the English 
major. 

Majors seeking secondary certification in English are required to take 
English 46. 

1 RHETORIC 

Instruction and carefully supervised practice in the basic techniques of organizing 
and expressing facts and ideas. The topic or topics dealt with are selected by the 
instructor. 

12 INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE 

An introduction to the study of literature, this course is primarily designed for 
freshmen seeking an elective to fulfill half of their English Distribution require- 
ment. Through lectures and discussions, the course will introduce the student to a 
variety of literary genres, including poetry, fiction, and drama. The lectures will be 
delivered by members of the English Department, and on occasion by members of 
other departments, and the discussions will be led by select upper-division English 
majors. 

20 MEDIEVAL LITERATURE 

A study of the epic, romance, lyric and drama from Beowulf to Malory's Le Morte 
Darthur and Everyman, with some attention to continental works influencing the 
development of English literature. 

21 RENAISSANCE LITERATURE 

A study of English literary traditions from 1500 through the Elizabethan Age 
within the context of humanism and the Reformation. Emphasis on the works of 
major writers: More, Spenser, Marlowe, Shakespeare, Jonson, and others. Some 
consideration of continental influences on works of the period. 

22 17TH CENTURY BRITISH LITERATURE 

By means of wide reading among the works of some major authors of the period, an 
understanding of the literature and the period will be pursued. 

23 18TH CENTURY BRITISH LITERATURE 

A close analysis of selected works of the major writers (from Pope and Swift to 
Johnson). Emphasis will be placed on the development of traditions of attitude 
(literary, social, and philosophical) and on the chief genres of the period. 



80 /ENGLISH 

24 ROMANTIC LITERATURE (1780-1832) 

A study of the literary, philosophical, and historical significance of the Romantic 
Movement. Emphasis will be given to the poetry of Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, 
Byron, Shelley, Keats. 

25 VICTORIAN LITERATURE (1832-1901) 

A study of major works of British prose, poetry, and fiction from 1832 to 1901. 
Emphasis on the individual qualities of each selection, and on its relation to 
Victorian life and thought. Authors likely to be read include Dickens, Trollope, 
Eliot, Meredith, Thackeray, Hardy, Carlyle, Mill, Arnold, Ruskin, Newman, Pater, 
Tennyson, Browning, Swinburne, and Hopkins. 

26 PRE-CIVIL WAR AMERICAN LITERATURE 

A survey of American literature and thought before 1830, followed by more 
intensive study of the literature and thought of the period 1830-1860. Cooper, 
Emerson, Thoreau, Poe, Hawthorne, Melville, and others. 

27 20TH CENTURY BRITISH LITERATURE 

Chief attention will be paid to the major works of poetry, fiction, and drama from 
Conrad to Beckett, with emphasis on the development of peculiarly 20th Century 
forms and traditions. 

28 POST-CIVIL WAR AMERICAN LITERATURE 

Major writers, movements, and influences in American Literature from about 
1860-1950, with strong emphasis on Naturalism and Realism. Twain, James, Crane, 
Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Faulkner, O'Neill, Robinson, Frost, Eliot, Stevens, et al. 

29 CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE 

Representative works of major figures of the post-World War II period, British, 
American, and some Continental. Auden, Pinter, Murdoch, Amis, Hughes, Thomas, 
Greene; Beckett, Grass, Camus, Sartre; Albee, Bellow, Heller, Vonnegut, Lowell, et 
al. This course may be structured around a single theme or idea, such as "The 
Search for a Father," "The Contemporary Wasteland," or "The Function of 
Violence in the Modern World." 

30 THE NATURE OF DRAMA 

An examination of the forms and techniques of the drama. The course will vary in 
content and may focus on one or several playwrights or periods. 

31 THE NATURE OF POETRY 

Poetry will be studied with special attention given to considering the "kinds" (e.g. 
lyric, epic, etc.) of poetry, and the various ways of reading poems. 

32 THE NATURE OF SHORT FICTION 

Study and analysis of short stories and novellas with form and language being a 
primary consideration. The course will vary in content and may focus on one or 
several writers or periods. 

33 THE NOVEL 

Representative novels, from the eighteenth century to the present, with emphasis 
on the development of the genre. 

34 LITERARY CRITICISM 

A study of major critical approaches to the reading of literature. Practice in writing 
formal critical analyses of selected works. 

35 CHAUCER 

A study of the major poetry of Chaucer, with emphasis on The Canterbury Tales 
and Troilus and Criseyde, with some reference to the traditions out of which these 
works arose. 



ENGLISH/ 81 

36 SHAKESPEARE 

A study of selected major plays, with emphasis given to their relation to 
Shakespeare's age and our own. 

37 SELECTED AUTHORS 

An intensive study of one or more authors, selected on the basis of student and 
faculty interest. This course may be repeated for credit. 

38 WORLD LITERATURE IN TRANSLATION 

Continental authors will be chosen on the basis of their influence on English writers 
and for their contribution to the student's understanding of literature. (Possible 
examples: Homer, Vergil, Dante, Cervantes, Flaubert, Dostoevsky, Chekov, Ibsen, 
Ionesco, Camus, Kafka, and Hesse). 

40 LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE: FORMAL APPROACHES 

The general subject of such a course might be the history and theory of literature, 
with, for example, the specific topic being the relationships between the 
development of the English language and its poetics by means of a consideration of 
traditional metric theories in light of current linguistic research; or, the general 
subject of such a course might be semantics and theories of meaning, with attention 
given to various schools of thought such as those of the semanticists, the General 
Semanticists, the Semologists, and so on; or, the course might take up special topics 
in linguistics. This course may be repeated for credit. 

41 TRADITIONAL THEMES IN LITERATURE 

Persistent themes, legends, and ideas in literature- King Arthur, Faust, Utopia; 
alienation, rite de passage, the quest; existentialism, determinism, and the like. This 
course may be repeated for credit. 

42 LITERATURE IN ITS EXTERNAL RELATIONS 

Emphasis will be on literature in its relation to specific cultural manifestations. 
Individual courses may be organized around such materials as Literature and 
Psychology, Literature and Industrialism, Literature and Philosophy, and so on. 
This course may be repeated for credit. 

43 CONTRASTIVE STUDIES 

Emphasis will be on comparisons and contrasts among the literatures of more than 
one period, nation, or group, or among literature and other media. Individual 
courses might consider such contrastive materials as American and Russian Frontier 
Literature; Literature of the Folk and of the Establishment, and so on. This course 
may be repeated for credit. 

44 WRITING WORKSHOP: NON-FICTION 

A workshop course dealing with the professional treatment of factual material for 
magazines or newspapers. Emphasis on the informal essay, feature article, interview, 
or news story with consideration of the interests of individual students. Roundtable 
discussions will be supplemented by personal conferences. This course may be 
repeated for credit. 

45 WRITING WORKSHOP: FICTION, POETRY 

Emphasis will be on practical experience in writing imaginative literature (e.g. 
poetry, short story, drama, etc.). The course will focus on a single form of 
imaginative writing. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 

46 THE STRUCTURE AND HISTORY OF 
THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 

A study of modern language theories as applied to Modern English and its historical 
origins. Emphasis in any given semester will be on Structural or Generative- 
Transformational approaches to the understanding of language. 

48 SENIOR SEMINAR 

A special course for senior majors, concentrating on the application of different 
kinds of criticism to a heterogeneous group of literary works chosen by the 
students in consultation with members of the department. The literary works must 
be selected before the end of the students' junior year, and must be read before the 
course begins. This course may be repeated for credit. 



FOREIGN LANGUAGES 
AND LITERATURES 



Associate Professors: Flam, Maples 

Assistant Professors: Winston (Chairman), Dufour, 

MacKenzie, Rassoul 

Part-time Instructor: Picot 

Study of foreign languages and literatures offers opportunity to explore, 
broadly, the varieties of human experience and thought. It contributes both 
to personal and to international understanding by providing competence in a 
foreign language and a critical acquaintance with the literature and culture of 
foreign peoples. A major can serve as entree to careers in business, industry, 
government, publishing, education, journalism, social agencies, translating, 
and writing. It prepares for graduate work in literature or linguistics and the 
international fields of politics, commerce, law, health, and area studies. 

FRENCH, GERMAN, RUSSIAN, and SPANISH are offered as major 
fields of study. The major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above. 
Majors seeking teacher certification and students planning to enter graduate 
school are advised to begin study of a second foreign language. The 
department encourages the development in breadth of programs including 
allied courses from related fields or a second major, and also individual or 
established interdisciplinary majors combining interest in several literatures or 
area or cross-cultural studies, for example: Soviet Area Studies, Western 
European Studies, 20th Century Studies, the Major in Literature. Majors, 
teaching certification candidates, and in fact all college students are 
encouraged to spend at least a semester of study abroad by applying to one of 
the many programs available. The department maintains a file of such 
programs. The department also participates in a student exchange program 
with the Padagogische Hochschule of Gottingen. 



FOREIGN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES 

(Wholly or partially taught in English) 



25 CONTINENTAL LITERATURE 

A study of such major continental authors as Cervantes, Dostoevsky, Chekov, 
Dante, Ibsen, Proust, Gide, Kafka, Hesse, Goethe, Sartre, Camus, Brecht, and 
Ionesco. Works read in English translation will vary and be organized around a 
different theme or topic; recent topics have been existentialism and modernism. 
Prerequisite: None. May be repeated for credit with consent of instructor. 

38 FOREIGN LANGUAGE: SYSTEMS AND PROCESS 

Study of basic linguistic concepts as a tool for language learning and teaching. 
Discussion and application of modern language teaching techniques. Designed for 
future teachers of foreign languages. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 



82 



FRENCH 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above, including at 
least one numbered 40 or above. Foreign Languages and Literatures 25 may 
be included in the major. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 23, 
31, 38, and at least two courses numbered 40 or above. A language 
proficiency test is required of these students during their senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to using 
them. Regular practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use in 
speaking, understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence in 
self-expression. Prerequisite: French 2 or equivalent. 

20 CONVERSATION 

Designed to develop conversational fluency and comprehension through small 
group discussions focusing on topics from readings in modern French culture, such 
as French social attitudes and French-American cultural differences. Some 
attention to grammar and writing. Prerequisite: French 11 or equivalent. 

23 INTRODUCTION TO LITERARY STUDIES 

Studies in French literature, with emphasis on critical reading and interpretation. 
Discussions, lectures, oral exposes, papers. Prerequisite: French 20 or equivalent. 

28 MODERN FRANCE 

A course designed to familiarize students with political and social structures and 
cultural attitudes in contemporary French society. Materials studied may include 
such documents as newspaper articles, interviews, and sociological surveys, and 
readings in history, religion, anthropology, and the arts. Some attention to the 
changing educational system and the family and to events and ideas which have 
shaped French society. May include some comparative study of France and the 
United States. 

English Section: Not applicable toward satisfying Foreign Language distribution 
requirement. Prerequisite: None. 

French Section: Offers readings, papers, and interviews in French for students with 
sufficient language skill. Can be applied toward Foreign Language distribution 
requirement. Prerequisite: French 10 or equivalent competency as determined by 
the department. 

31 FRENCH GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of complex grammatical rules and their practical application in speaking and 
writing. Recommended for all majors. 

41 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE MIDDLE AGES AND THE RENAISSANCE 

A study of selected works from La Chanson de Roland to Montaigne. Prerequisite: 
French 23 or consent of instructor. A Itemate years. 

43 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY 

A study of major texts of the period: preciosite, the origins and theories of French 
classicism, Corneille, Pascal, Descartes. Classical tragedy and comedy: Racine, 
Moliere. La Fontaine, Mme. de La Fayette, La Bruye're. Prerequisite: French 23 or 
consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

45 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY 

The literary expression of ideas: Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau, and the 
Encyclopedists. Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

47 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY 

The dimensions of the Romantic sensibility: Musset, Hugo, Vigny, Balzac, 
Stendhal. Realism and Naturalism in the novels of Flaubert and Zola. Reaction in 
the poetry of Baudelaire, Rimbaud, Verlaine, and Mallarme. Prerequisite: French 
23 or consent of instructor. A Itemate years. 



83 



48 MODERN FRENCH THEATRE 

Major trends in French drama from the turn of the century to Existentialism and 
the Theatre of the Absurd. Giraudoux, Anouilh, Sartre, Camus, Beckett, Ionesco, 
Genet, Adamov, and others. Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. 
Alternate Years. 

49 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY 

Representative poets and novelists of modern France. Readings selected from the 
works of authors such as Proust, Gide, Aragon, Giono, Mauriac, Celine, Malraux, 
Saint-Exupery, Camus, the "new novelists" (Robbe-Grillet, Butor, Sarraute, Le 
Clezio), and the poetry of Apollinaire, Valery, the Surrealists (Breton, Reverdy, 
Eluard, Char), Saint-John Perse, Supervielle, Prevert, and others. Some attention to 
works of French-speaking African writers. Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of 
instructor. A Iternate years. 



GERMAN 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above, one of which 
may be Foreign Languages and Literatures 25. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 31, 
33, 34, and 38. A language proficiency test is required of these students 
during their senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to using 
them. Regular practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use in 
speaking, understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence in 
self-expression. Prerequisite: German 2 or equivalent. 

20 CONVERSATION 

Designed to develop aural comprehension and conversational fluency. Readings and 
discussions on topics of contemporary society in Germany, Switzerland, and 
Austria. Some attention to grammar and writing. Prerequisite: German 1 1 or 
equivalent. 

31 GERMAN GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of intonation, complex grammatical rules and their practical application, 
stylistics, and a brief survey of the development of the language. Recommended for 
all majors. 

33 SURVEY OF GERMAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Selected literature of the Old High and Middle High German periods, of the late 
Middle Ages and Baroque. Prerequisite: German 20 or consent of instructor. 

34 SURVEY OF GERMAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Representative masterpieces of New High German literature beginning with the era 
of the Enlightenment. Prerequisite: German 20 or consent of instructor. 

40 GOETHE 

A study of the life and works of Goethe. Goethe's significance in the Classical 
period and later. Readings in the major works. Prerequisite: German 33 or 34 or 
consent of instructor. 

41 CLASSICAL GERMAN DRAMA 

The development of das klassische Drama with emphasis on works of Lessing, 
Goethe and Schiller. Prerequisite: German 20. 



84 



42 MODERN GERMAN DRAMA 

The emergence of modern Drama commencing with Buchner and leading to Brecht. 
Prerequisite: German 20. 

43 THENOVELLE 

The German Novelle as a genre relating to various literary periods. Prerequisite: 
German 20. 

45 GERMAN POETRY 

A study of selected poets or the poetry of various literary periods. Prerequisite: 
German 33 or 34 or consent of instructor. 

47 MODERN GERMAN LITERATURE 

A study of the major movements and writers from Naturalism, Expressionism, and 
the postwar period. Hauptmann, Rilke, Mann, Hesse, Kaiser, and others. Pre- 
requisite: German 33 or 34 or consent of instructor. 

GREEK 

Greek is not offered as a major. 

1-2 NEW TESTAMENT GRAMMAR AND READINGS 

Fundamentals of New Testament Greek grammar and readings of selected passages 
of the Greek text. Alternate years. 

11 THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO ST. MARK 

A critical reading of the Greek text with special attention to exegetical questions. 
Alternate years. 

12 THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS 

A critical reading of the Greek text with special attention being given to the 
theology of St. Paul. Alternate years. 

HEBREW 

Hebrew is not offered as a major. 

1-2 OLD TESTAMENT GRAMMAR AND READINGS 

Fundamentals of Old Testament Hebrew grammar and readings of selected passages 
of the Hebrew text. Alternate years. 

1 1-12 INTERMEDIATE OLD TESTAMENT HEBREW 

A critical reading of the Old Testament Hebrew text with special attention to 
exegetical questions. The text read varies from year to year. Alternate years. 

RUSSIAN 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above, one of which 
may be Foreign Languages and Literatures 25. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 20-21, 
33, 34, and 38. A language proficiency test is required of these students 
during their senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to using 
them. Regular practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use in 
speaking, understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence in 
self-expression. Prerequisite: Russian 2 or equivalent. 



85 



86 /FOREIGN LANGUAGES 

20-21 ADVANCED 

Designed to develop a high degree of aural comprehension and conversational 
fluency. Directed composition and readings. Prerequisite: R ussian 11 or equivalent. 

33 SURVEY OF RUSSIAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Russian literature, 
representative authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course deals 
with the literature through Dostoevski. Required of all majors and open to students 
majoring in other departments after consultation with the instructor. 

34 SURVEY OF RUSSIAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint students with important periods of Russian literature, 
representative authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course starts 
with Tolstoy. Required of all majors and open to students majoring in other 
departments after consultation with the instructor. 

43 RUSSIAN SHORT STORY 

Study of historical development of the short story form in Russia. Lectures, 
reports, and class analysis. 

47 SOVIET LITERATURE 

Survey of major literary figures, movements, styles. Revolution and its impact on 
literature and writers. Revival of the psychological novel, short story, contemporary 
poetry. 

48 READINGS IN MODERN RUSSIAN 

Representative readings and translation of Soviet periodicals and selected texts in 
social sciences. Study of current political and social terminology, Soviet idioms. 

SPANISH 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above, including at 
least one numbered 40 or above. Normally, Foreign Languages and 
Literatures 25 does not count toward the major. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 31, 
38, and one from 33, 34, or 35. A language proficiency test is required of 
these students during their senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to using 
them. Regular practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use in 
speaking, understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence in 
self-expression. Prerequisite: Spanish 2 or equivalent. 

20 ADVANCED 

The purpose of this course is to improve the student's ability in spontaneous 
conversation, focusing on everyday activities and matters of current concern as 
suggested in readings from Latin American and peninsular sources. Vocabulary 
building is tressed. Prerequisite: Spanish 1 1 or equivalent. 

31 SPANISH GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of intonation, complex grammatical rules and their practical application, and 
a brief survey of the development of the language. Recommended for all majors. 

33 SURVEY OF SPANISH LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish literature, 
representative authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course deals 
with the literature from the beginning through the 17th century. Open to students 
majoring in other departments after consultation with instructor. Alternate years. 



HISTORY/ 87 

34 SURVEY OF SPANISH LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish literature, 
representative authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course deals 
with the literature from the 18th century to the present. Open to students majoring 
in other departments after consultation with the instructor. Alternate years. 

35 SURVEY OF SPANISH AMERICAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 
Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish-American 
literature, representative authors, and major socio-economic developments. The 
course deals with the literature, especially the essay and poetry, from 16th. century 
to present. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

44 SPANISH LITERATURE OF THE GOLDEN AGE 

A study of representative works and principal literary figures in the poetry, prose, 
and drama of the 16th. and 17th. centuries, from Fernando de Rojas to Calderon. 
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

47 19TH CENTURY NOVEL 

Regionalism, realism, and naturalism in prose fiction, with emphasis on the works 
of Galdos. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

48 THE GENERATION OF '98 

Principal literary figures of the early 20th century: Unamuno, Azorin, Valle Inclan, 
Baroja, Benavente, Machado, Jimenez, etc. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 

49 SPANISH AMERICAN NOVEL 

/ / 
Twentieth Century novelists from Azuela to Garcia Marquez. Prerequisite: Consent 

of instructor. Alternate years. 



HISTORY 

Professor: Priest (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Larson, Piper 

A major consists of ten courses including History 10 and 1 1. Religion 26 
and/or 27 may be counted toward a major. History majors seeking secondary 
certification are required to take History 12 and 13. In addition to the 
courses listed below, special courses and individual studies are available 
recent topics include the American Indian, European Left, Peace Movements, 
Violence in America, and Tudor-Stuart England. 

10 MODERN WORLD (1500-1815) 

An examination of the political, social, cultural and intellectual history of Europe 
and its relations with other areas of the world from 1 500 to 1815. 

11 MODERN WORLD (1 815-Present) 

An examination of the political, social, cultural and intellectual history of Europe 
and its relations with other areas of the world from 1815 to the present. 

12 UNITED STATES HISTORY 1763 1877 

A study of the men, measures, and movements which have been significant in the 
development of the United States between 1763 and 1877. Attention is paid to the 
problems of minority groups and to aspects of Pennsylvania history as well as to 
majority and national influences. 

1 3 UNITED STATES HISTORY SINCE 1 877 

A study of the men, measures, and movements which have been significant in the 
development of the United States since 1877. Attention is paid to the problems of 
minority groups and to aspects of Pennsylvania history as well as to majority and 
national influences. 



88 /HISTORY 



20 ANCIENT GREECE 

A study of the origins of civilization in the ancient Near East, its diffusion to other 
areas, and the foundations of the western tradition in Greece. The political, social, 
and cultural experiences and the intellectual, literary, and aesthetic achievements of 
the Greeks will be examined. Alternate years. 

21 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC AND EMPIRE 

The emergence and expansion of the Roman state, its conquest of the Mediter- 
ranean, its experience as a republic, its transformation into the Empire, the Empire 
as a major factor in history. The role of Rome in the continuation and modification 
of the western tradition will be assessed and the character of Roman institutional 
and legal development will be examined. Alternate years. 

22 MEDIEVAL EUROPE AND ITS NEIGHBORS 

The history of Europe from the dissolution of the Roman Empire to the 
mid-fifteenth century. The course will deal with the growing estrangement of 
western Catholic Europe from Byzantium and Islam, culminating in the Crusades; 
the rise of the Islamic Empire and its later fragmentation; the development and 
growth of feudalism; the conflict of empire and papacy, and the rise of towns. 
Alternate years. 

28 AFRO-AMERICAN HISTORY 

A study of the experiences and participation of Afro-Americans in the United 
States. The course includes historical experiences such as slavery, abolition, 
reconstruction, and urbanization. It also raises the issue of the development and 
growth of white racism, and the effect of this racism on contemporary 
Afro-American social, intellectual, and political life. 

30 TWENTIETH CENTURY EUROPE TO 1929 

An intensive study of various aspects of the political, economic, social, and 
intellectual history of Europe from 1900 to 1919. Topics include the irrationalist 
movement, the causes of imperialism, the origins of the First World War, the 
Russian Revolution and establishment of the Soviet Regime, and the attempts at 
peacemaking after 1918. Prerequisite: History 11 or consent of instructor. 
A Iternare years. 

31 TWENTIETH CENTURY EUROPE SINCE 1929 

An intensive study of various aspects of the political, economic, social, and 
intellectual history of Europe from 1929 to the present. Topics include the nature 
of fascism, development of Stalinist Russia, outbreak of World War II, origins of the 
Cold War, and the economic reconstruction and integration of Western Europe since 
1945. Prerequisite: History 11 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

32-33 CONFLICT IN WESTERN SOCIETY 

An in-depth study of the role of international conflict in the shaping of the Western 
World and the efforts to eliminate or restrict its destructiveness. Following a brief 
survey of the evolving nature of warfare and society, the course will center on 
topics such as the rise of the concept of the balance of power, alliance politics, 
theories of deterrence, problems of peacemaking, efforts at disarmament, and the 
evolving nature of civil-military relations. Prerequisite: History 10 and 1 1 or 
consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

34 AMERICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS 

A study of the course of relations of the United States with foreign nations from 
independence through World War I. Alternate years. 

35 AMERICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS 

A detailed study of the formulation and application of American foreign policies 
since 1918. Alternate years. 

37 COLONIAL AMERICA AND THE REVOLUTIONARY ERA 

The establishment of British settlements on the American continent, their history 
as colonies, the causes and events of the American Revolution, the Critical Period 
following independence, and proposal and adoption of the United States 
Constitution. Alternate years. 



HISTORY/ 89 

38 CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION 

The problems and events leading to war, the political and military history of the 
war, and the bitter aftermath to the Compromise of 1877. Alternate years. 

40 HISTORY OF RENAISSANCE THOUGHT 

A study of the classical, humanist, and scholastic elements involved in the 
development of the Renaissance outlook, views, and values, both in Italy and in 
Northern Europe. The various combination of circumstances which constitute the 
historical context of these intellectual developments will be noted. Prerequisite: 
History 10 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

41 HISTORY OF REFORMATION THOUGHT 

A study of the ideas and systems of ideas propounded prior to the Reformation but 
which are historically related to its inception and of the ideas and systems of ideas 
involved in the formation of the major Reformation Protestant traditions and in the 
Catholic Reformation. Included are the ideas of the humanists of the Reformation 
Era. Prerequisite: History 10 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

42 U.S. SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL HISTORY TO 1865 

A study of the social and intellectual experience of the United States from its 
colonial antecedence through reconstruction. Among the topics considered are 
Puritanism, Transcendentalism, community life and organization, education and 
social reform movements. Prerequisite: 2 courses from History 12, 13, 28, or 
consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

43 U.S. SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL HISTORY SINCE 1865 

A study of the social and intellectual experience of the United States from 
reconstruction to the present day. Among the topics considered are Social 
Darwinism, Pragmatism, community life and organization, education and social 
reform movements. Prerequisite: 2 courses from History 12, 13, 28, or consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

44 FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON 

An analysis of the political, social and intellectual background of the French 
Revolution, a survey of the course of revolutionary development, and an estimate 
of the results of the Napoleonic conquests and administration. Prerequisite: History 
10 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

45 INDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANIZATION OF MODERN EUROPE 

A study of the rise of industrialism and its impact on social, economic, and 
intellectual developments. Prerequisites: History 10 and 11 or consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

46 TOPICS IN RUSSIAN HISTORY 

Studies of various aspects of prerevolutionary Russia evolving around the theme of 
the failure of the Tsarist regime to successfully overcome the challenge of the 
modern world. Prerequisite: History 10 and 11, or consent of instructor. Alternate 
years. 

47 TOPICS IN SOVIET HISTORY 

Studies of various aspects of political, economic, social, and cultural history of the 
USSR since 1917. Prerequisite: History 10 and 11, or consent of instructor. 
A Iternate years. 

48 TOPICS IN TWENTIETH CENTURY UNITED STATES RELIGION 

The study of historical and cultural developments in American society which relates 
to religion or are commonly called religious. This involves consideration of the 
institutional and intellectual development of several faith groups as well as 
discussion of certain problems. The problems include the persistence of religious 
bigotry and the changing modes of Church-State relationships. Prerequisite: 
Consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

49 THE HIGH MIDDLE AGES 

The flowering of a distinctive medieval civilization in the twelfth and thirteenth 
centuries. The political, social, economic, intellectual, ecclesiastical, literary, and 
aesthetic facets of this civilization will be studied in their relationship to each other. 
A Iternate years. 



MATHEMATICS 



Professor: Skeath (Chairman) 

Assistant Professors: Feldmann, Getchell, Henninger 

Instructors: Lambert, Sausman 

A major consists of ten courses numbered 10 or above; Mathematics 
18-19, 20, 34, and 35 and four other courses numbered above 20 must be 
included. Students seeking secondary certification in Mathematics are 
required to take Math 30 and 36 and are advised to take Philosophy 26. All 
majors are advised to elect Philosophy 24 and 36. In addition to the courses 
listed below, special courses are occasionally available - recent topics include: 
Optimization Theory, Theory of Numbers, Lattice Theory, History of 
Mathematics, Graph Theory, Four-Color Problem, and Applied Probability. 

1 INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICS 

An introduction to the following mathematics topics: Set theory, probability, 
analytic geometry, calculus, computer science. Since these subjects are explored in 
greater depth in later courses, taking this course may help a student in selecting 
additional mathematics courses. Open only to freshmen or consent of the 
instructor. 

3 INTRODUCTION TO CALCULUS 

An intuitive approach to the calculus concepts with applications to business, 
biology, and social science problems. Credit will not be given in addition to Math 
18. 

6 ELEMENTARY GEOMETRY 

All aspects of Euclidean Geometry which are needed by elementary school teachers 
are covered in a modern, but informal, fashion. Subjects include: geometric objects, 
measurement, symmetry, similarity, parallels and coordinate geometry. Offered 
May Term only. 

7 MATHEMATICS FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

A study of content, objectives, materials, and methods of instruction. Topics 
include a development of the real number system and its various subsystems, 
nondecimal arithmetic, geometry, probability, and algorithms for the four basic 
operations. Observations of superior teachers in elementary schools of the Greater 
Williamsport Area. Co-requisite: Education 20 or application to the elementary 
education program. 

10-1 1 ANALYTIC GEOMETRY AND CALCULUS III 

Study of graphs of functions, properties of conic sections, polar coordinates, ideas 
of limits and continuity, differentiation and integration of algebraic and tran- 
scendental functions, vectors. Prerequisite: Mathematics I or equivalent. 

12 FINITE MATHEMATICS FOR DECISION MAKING 

Matrix solution of systems of linear equations, linear programming, theory of 
games, Markov chains. 

13 INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS 

Describing distributions of measurements, probability and random variables, 
binomial and normal probability distributions, statistical inference from small 
samples, linear regression and correlation, analysis of enumerative data. Includes 
laboratory experience with the desk calculator. 

15 COMPUTER SCIENCE 

Study of mathematics relevant to computing. A survey of machine and symbolic 
programming. Introduction to FORTRAN IV programming. Includes laboratory 
experience on an IBM 1 1 30. 



90 



MATHEMATICS/91 

17 PRECALCULUS MATHEMATICS 

The study of logarithmic, exponential, trigonometric, polynomial and rational 
functions, their graphs and elementary properties. 

18-19 ANALYTIC GEOMETRY AND CALCULUS III 

The study of the concepts of limits and continuity, differentiation and integration 
of algebraic and transcendental functions, maximum and minimum, related rates, 
polar coordinates, vectors, solid geometry, convergent and divergent series, partial 
differentiation, multiple integrals. Prerequisite: Math 17 or equivalent. 

20 CALCULUS III AND MATRIX ALGEBRA 

Further work in convergent and divergent series, matrix algebra, and selected 
topics. Prerequisite: Math 19. 

21 DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 

Methods of solving differential equations, including Laplace transforms, differential 
operators and variation of parameters. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20. 

24 FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 

Topics include the nature of mathematical systems, essentials of logical reasoning, 
axiomatic foundation of set theory, and transfinite induction. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 18 or consent of instructor. 

30 TOPICS IN GEOMETRY 

An axiomatic treatment of Euclidean geometry, and an introduction to related 
geometries. Prerequisite: Mathematics 18. Alternate years. 

31 INTRODUCTION TO NUMERICAL ANALYSIS 

Study and analysis of tabulated data leading to interpolation, numerical solution of 
equations and systems of equations, numerical integration. Corequisite: Mathema- 
tics 21. Prerequisite: Mathematics 15. Alternate years. 

32-33 MATHEMATIC STATISTICS III 

A study of probability, discrete and continuous random variables, expected values 
and moments", sampling, point estimation, sampling distributions, interval estima- 
tion, tests of hypotheses, regression and linear hypotheses, experimental design 
models. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20. Alternate years. 

34 ABSTRACT ALGEBRA 

An introduction to groups, rings, and fields. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20 or 24. 

35 LINEAR ALGEBRA 

An introduction to vector spaces and linear transformations. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 20 or 24. 

36 CONCEPTS OF MATHEMATICS IN SECONDARY EDUCATION 

A course designed for mathematics majors who are planning to teach at the 
secondary level. Emphasis will be placed on the mathematics that forms the 
foundation of secondary mathematics. Ideas will be presented to familiarize the 
student with various curriculum proposals, to provide for innovation within the 
existing curriculum and to expand the boundaries of the existing curriculum. 
Prerequisite: Open only to junior and senior math majors enrolled in the secondary 
education program. 

40 APPLIED ANALYSIS 

Topics selected from vector analysis, tensors, matrices, partial differential equations 
and the calculus of variations. Prerequisite: Mathematics 21. Alternate years. 

41 INTRODUCTION TO TOPOLOGY 

An introduction to metric spaces, abstract topological spaces, mappings, separation, 
completeness, compactness, and connectedness. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20. 
Alternate years. 

42 REAL ANALYSIS 

Construction of the real number system. A rigorous study of infinite series and 
continuity, differentiation and integration of real valued functions. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 20. Alternate years. 

43 COMPLEX ANALYSIS 

Introduction to the complex number system, functions of a complex variable, 
transformations, analytic functions, and complex integration. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 20. Alternate years. 



MUSIC 



Professors: Morgan (Chairman), Mclver 
Associate Professors: Russell, Sheaffer 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 and above. Each major 
must complete one-half unit of applied music each semester. 

1-2 INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC 

A basic course designed to acquaint the student with the nature of music. Extensive 
guided listening is used to help the student to become perceptive. 

10-11 MUSIC THEORY I AND II 

An integrated course in musicianship including sight singing, ear training, written 
and keyboard harmony. 

20-2 1 MUSIC THEORY III AND IV 

A continuation of the integrated course moving toward newer uses of musical 
materials. Prerequisite: Music 11. Alternate years. 

28 COUNTERPOINT 

A study of the five species in two, three, and four-part writing. Alternate years. 

29 ORCHESTRATION 

A study of modern orchestral instruments, and examination of their use by the 
great masters with practical problems of instrumentation. Alternate years. 

30 COMPOSITION 

Creative writing in smaller vocal and instrumental forms. The college musical 
organizations serve to make performance possible. Alternate years. 

31 CONDUCTING 

A study of the fundamentals of conducting with frequent opportunity for practical 
experience. Alternate years. 

35 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE TO J.S. BACH 

A survey of the history of music from antiquity to the beginning of the 18th 
century with emphasis on nonmensural chant, the beginnings of harmony and 
counterpoint and their development. Prerequisite: Music 2. Alternate years. 

36 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF THE 1 8TH CENTURY 
Emphasizing the achievements of the late Baroque and largely concerned with the 
lives and works of Bach, Handel, Haydn, and Mozart. Prerequisite: Music 2. 
Alternate years. 

45 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF THE 19TH CENTURY 

A survey of the music of the 19th century, including study of Beethoven, Chopin, 
Schubert, Brahms, Wagner, and Debussy and their principal media and forms. 
Prerequisite: Music 2. Alternate years. 

46 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

The survey of music history culminates with the study of the works of such 
moderns as Stravinsky, Bartok, Prokofief, Shostakovich, Barber, Copland, Menotti, 
and Stockhausen. Attention is given to atonality and expressionism. Prerequisite: 
Music 2. Alternate years. 



92 



APPLIED MUSIC 

The study of performance in Piano, Voice, Organ, Strings, Brass, 
Woodwinds, and Percussion is designed to develop sound technique and a 
knowledge of the appropriate literature. Student recitals offer opportunity to 
gain experience in performance. Music majors or other qualified students in 
performance may present formal recitals. 

Credit for Applied Music courses (Music 60 through 69) is earned on a 
fractional basis-SEE PAGE 58 for the fractional values involved. An Applied 
Music Course (60 series) should NOT be substituted for an academic course in 
a student's schedule but should be IN ADDITION TO the normal four 
academic courses taken per semester. 

Private Instruction in: 



60 Piano 

61 Voice 



62 Strings 

63 Organ 



64 Brass 

65 Woodwinds 



66 Percussion 



67 PIANO ENSEMBLE 

A course designed to explore piano literature for four and eight hands. 

68 VOCAL ENSEMBLE 

A course designed to enable any student possessing at least average vocal talent to 
study choral technique. Emphasis is placed upon tone production, diction and 
phrasing. 

69 INSTRUMENTAL ENSEMBLE 

A course directed toward developing fine ensemble music through a study of group 
instrumental procedures. 




93 



PHILOSOPHY 



Assistant Professors: Herring (Chairman), 
Griffith, Schoeman, Whelan 

The study of philosophy develops a critical understanding of the basic 
concepts and presuppositions around which we organize our thought in 
science, religion, education, morality, the arts, and other human enterprises. 
A major in philosophy, together with appropriate related courses, can provide 
an excellent preparation for policy-making positions of many kinds, for 
graduate study in several fields, and for careers in education, law, and the 
ministry. The major consists of eight courses, numbered 10 or above, 
including Philosophy 30-31, ordinarily taken in the Junior year, and 
Philosophy 45, ordinarily taken in the Senior year. In addition to the courses 
listed below, special courses and individual studies are available— recent topics 
include existentialism, Plato's ethics, philosophy in literature, metaethics, 
Schopenhauer, philosophy of language, Nietzsche, and moral education. 



5 GENERAL LOGIC 

A general introduction to topics in logic and their application to practical 
reasoning, with primary emphasis on fallacies, inductive reasoning, and scientific 
method. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEMS 

An inquiry, carried on mainly by discussions and short papers, into a few selected 
philosophical problems. The problems vary with the instructor; typical examples 
are: What is a scientific explanation? Are standards of conduct relative? Is talk 
about God meaningful? Readings in Philosophical classics and contemporary books 
and articles. 

20 ETHICS 

An inquiry focusing on the question, "What should one do?" and dealing with the 
content and rationale of the proposals of relativists, egoists, utilitarians, and others 
about how to decide. Prerequisite: One course in philosophy. 

21 AESTHETICS 

A philosophical examination of the nature of art and aesthetic value and a 
consideration of some of the philosophical problems relating to various art-forms: 
painting, poetry, theatre, music, etc. Some typical issues discussed are: What sort of 
reasons, if any, are appropriate in art criticism? Are the arts kinds of language? Is 
censorship in the arts ever justifiable? Prerequisite: One course in philosophy, or 
Junior or Senior major in Art, English, Foreign Language, Music, or Theatre. 

22 SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 

Of central interest is the question of the relation between human nature and the 
proper social and political order. Emphasis is placed on an examination of the logic 
of social and political thought and on the analysis of key concepts such as power, 
authority, freedom, law, rights, justice, and social and political obligation. 
Prerequisite: One course in philosophy, or Junior or Senior major in Political 
Science or Sociology. 



94 



PHILOSOPHY/ 95 



24 PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 

A consideration of philosophically important conceptual problems related primarily 
to the methodology of science, including such topics as the nature of scientific laws 
and theories, the character of explanation, the import of prediction, the existence 
of "non-observable" theoretical entities such as electrons and genes, the problem of 
justifying induction, and various puzzles associated with probability. Prerequisite: 
One course in philosophy, or Junior or Senior major in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, 
Psychology, or Sociology. 

25 PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION 

A philosophical examination of religion. Included are such topics as the nature of 
religious discourse, arguments for and against the existence of God, and the relation 
between religion and science. Readings from classical and contemporary sources. 
Prerequisite: One course in philosophy, or Junior or Senior major in Religion. 

26 PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION 

An examination of the basic concepts involved in thought about education, and a 
consideration of the various methods for justifying educational proposals. Typical 
of the issues discussed are these: Are education and indoctrination different? Is 
there a role for authority in education? Are education and schooling compatible? 
What do we need to learn? Prerequisite: One course in philosophy, or Junior or 
Senior standing in Education. 

29 PHILOSOPHY OF HISTORY 

An examination of the concept of history, dealing with the logic of historical 
inquiry and with speculative treatments of the course of history as a whole. The 
primary purpose is to provide a philosophical analysis of the descriptive language 
and explanatory reasoning of historians. In addition, some attention will be paid to 
the values and limitations of speculative and general interpretations of history, for 
example: those of Hegel and Marx. Prerequisite: One course in philosophy, or 
Junior or Senior major in history. Alternate years. 

30-3 1 HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY 

A philosophical study of the history of Western philosophy. The primary concern is 
to understand the fundamental theories of the great philosophers, including: Plato, 
Aristotle, St. Thomas Aquinas, Descartes, Locke, Hume, Kant, and more recent 
thinkers. A second concern is to see the relation of these theories to our Western 
intellectual traditions. Central to the course are readings in philosophical classics. 
Prerequisite: One course in philosophy; not open to Freshmen and Sophomores. 

36 SYMBOLIC LOGIC 

A study of modern symbolic logic, including truth-functional logic, the logic of 
propositional functions, and deductive systems. Attention is also given to various 
topics in the philosophy of the formal sciences. 

38 METAPHYSICS 

A critical examination of the various answers philosophers have given to the 
question "What is real?" Typical of such theories are naturalism, materialism, and 
idealism. Prerequisite: One course in philosophy. 

45 EPISTEMOLOGY 

An inquiry, carried on primarily by discussions and short papers, into contem- 
porary philosophical problems and theories about knowing, perceiving, truth, and 
meaning. The nature of philosophical thought is examined. Prerequisite: Two 
courses in philosophy. 

49 DEPARTMENTAL SEMINAR 

An investigation, carried on by discussions and papers, into one philosophical 
problem, text, philosopher, or movement. A different topic is selected each 
semester; recent topics include Sidgwick's ethics, religious language, Kierkegaard, 
legal punishment, and Wittgenstein. This seminar is designed to provide Junior and 
Senior philosophy majors and other qualified students with more than the usual 
opportunity for concentrated and cooperative inquiry . Prerequisite: Consent of the 
instructor. This seminar may be repeated for credit. 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION 



Associate Professor: Busey 

Assistant Professors: Burch (Chairman) 

Miller, Vargo, Whitehill, Phillips 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION 
Coeducational physical education classes. Basic instructions in fundamentals, 
knowledge, and appreciation of sports that include swimming, tennis, bowling, 
volleyball, archery, field hockey, soccer, golf, badminton, modern dance, skiing, 
elementary games (for elementary teachers), toneastics, physical fitness, and other 
activities. Beginning swimming is required for all non-swimmers. Students may 
select any activity offered. A reasonable degree of proficiency is required of the 
student in the activities in which he chooses to participate. Emphasis is on the 
potential use of activities as recreational and leisure-time interests. Two semesters 
of physical education (two hours per week) are required. 



PHYSICS 

Professor: Fineman (Chairman) 

Associate Professor: W. Smith 

Assistant Professor: Jamison 

Teaching Fellow: Erickson 

A major consists of eight courses, of which six must be numbered above 
20. Physics 23, 29, 33, 48; Mathematics 18-19, 20, 21; and one year of 
chemistry are required. Students planning to enter graduate school will find it 
advisable to have a reading knowledge of a foreign language and to know 
Fortran programming. All junior and senior physics majors are required to 
attend and to participate in the weekly physics colloquia in preparation for 
physics 48. 

3-4 PHYSICAL SCIENCE 

This course will present and explain some of the fundamental principles of the 
physical sciences: Physics, Astronomy, Earth Science, and Chemistry — in such a 
manner that liberal arts students will realize that science is not only comprehensible 
but exciting. The emphasis of the course will be conceptional rather than 
mathematical. It will meet the college's natural science distribution requirement. 
Three lectures, one recitation, and two-hour laboratory session. Prerequisite- 
Mathematics 1 7 or equivalent. 

5 ASTRONOMY 

This course will cover some of the basic physical principles and then attempt to 
show how astronomers, through observation, classification, and careful analysis, 
arrive at current views of the universe. Prerequisite: Mathematics 17 or equivalent. 

8-9 ELEMENTS OF PHYSICS 

A non-calculus introductory course in which mechanics, heat, sound, electricity, 
magnetism, and optics are presented. Some recent developments in physics will also 
be presented. Three lectures, one recitation and one three-hour laboratory session. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 17 or equivalent. 



96 



PHYSICS/ 97 



10-11 GENERAL PHYSICS 

An introductory course in physics for science and engineering students, in which 
the basic concepts of mechanics, thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism and light 
are presented using calculus. Three lectures, one recitation and one three-hour 
laboratory session. Corequisite: Mathematics 18 or Mathematics 3. 

21 THE CONCEPTS OF MODERN PHYSICS 

The purpose of this elective course is to provide Arts and Humanities majors, who 
have a minimum background in mathematics and physics, to satisfy their curiosity 
about the nature of the physical world without being concerned about doing a lot 
of problem solving. The course will include discussions in an historical and 
philosophical framework of the mechanical concepts (mass, space, time, force, 
momentum, and energy), of a few topics in relativity and of the discovery, 
detection and use of some of the elementary particles of physics and their impact 
on contemporary physical thought. Four hours lecture-discussion. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 17 or equivalent. 

23 MODERN PHYSICS 

The basic concepts of Modern Physics are examined; the wave-particle duality and 
the fundamental ideas of quantum mechanics; atomic structure; x-ray spectra; 
interaction of radiation and matter; nuclear models and nuclear structure, 
radioactivity, nuclear reactions; molecular and solid state physics. Special relativity. 
This course is the foundation for a systematic study of quantum mechanics. Three 
lectures and one four-hour laboratory. Prerequisite: Physics 1 1 or consent of 
instructor. 

29-30 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM 

This course will cover the electrostatic field, electric potential, magnetic field and 
the electrical and magnetic properties of matter. Maxwell's equations and some of 
their applications to electromagnetic radiation will be taken up. The laboratory will 
include experiments on basic electronics as well as classical electricity and 
magnetism experiments. Three lecture and two two-hour laboratory sessions. 
Prerequisite: Physics 23; Co-requisite: Mathematics 21 or consent of instructor. 

31 OPTICS AND WAVES 

Following a presentation of geometrical optics, wave motion, inference; Fresnel and 
Fraunhofer diffraction, gratings; the velocity of light, absorption and scattering, 
and polarization of light will be covered. Three hours lecture and one four-hour 
laboratory session. Prerequisite: Physics 1 1 or consent of instructor. Alternate 
years. 

33-34 MECHANICS 

The study of the motion of a single particle, a system of particles, rigid bodies and 
an introduction to the mechanics of continuous media will be covered. Topics 
which are needed for understanding quantum mechanics and special theory of 
relativity such as moving reference systems. Lagrange's equations and theory of 
vibrations will be examined. Three lectures, and a recitation or a laboratory. 
Prerequisite: Physics 1 1 ; Mathematics 21 or consent of instructor. 

35 THERMAL PHYSICS 

The laws of thermodynamics and their applications to some physical, chemical, 
electric and magnetic problems are presented. The properties of bulk matter will 
also be treated from a microscopic viewpoint, i.e., the kinetic theory of gases and 
statistical mechanics. A comparison of Maxwell-Boltzmann, Fermi-Dirac and 
Bose-Einstein statistics is made. Four hours of lecture and recitation. Prerequisite: 
Physics 33 or consent of instructor. 

39 INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS 

After presenting the origin, basic concepts and formulation of Quantum Mechanics 
with emphasis on its physical meaning the free particle, simple harmonic oscillator 
and central force problems will be investigated. Both time independent and time 
dependent perturbation theory will be covered. The elegant operator formalism of 
quantum mechanics will conclude the course. Four hours of lecture and recitation. 
Prerequisites: Mathematics 21; either Chemistry 31 or Physics 23, and consent of 
instructor. 



98/ POLITICAL SCIENCE 

4 1 ELEMENTS OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS 

With the tools obtained after a review of nuclear concepts and some quantum 
mechanics, the course will cover interactions of nuclear radiations with matter, 
radioactive decay and nuclear reactions. The understanding of nuclear forces will be 
emphasized, particularly from scattering studies of two-nucleon systems. Three 
lectures and four-hour laboratory. Prerequisite: Physics 39; or Physics 23 and 
consent of instructor. 

42 SOLID STATE PHYSICS 

Introductory treatment of crystallography, lattice dynamics, electrons in metal, 
properties of semiconductors and dielectric and magnetic properties of solids will 
be given. Three lectures and four-hour laboratory. Prerequisite: Physics 39; or 
Physics 23 and consent of instructor. 

48 PHYSICS COLLOQUIA (SENIOR COURSE) 

In this course, professionally active physicists or scientists in closely allied fields 
present lectures on their own research or professional activities. In addition, the 
student will do a literature review and present his results at one of the colloquia. 
Prerequisite: Three semesters of the non-credit Physics Colloquia 00 taken during 
their junior and senior years. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Professor: Jose 

Associate Professor: Giglio (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: Roskin 

Instructor: Knepp 

The major is designed to provide a systematic understanding of 
government and politics at the international, national, state, and local levels. 
Majors are encouraged to develop their faculties to make independent, 
objective analysis which can be applied to the broad spectrum of the social 
sciences. 

Although the political science major is not designed as a vocational 
major, students with such training may go directly into government service, 
journalism, teaching, or private administrative agencies. A political science 
major can provide the base for the study of law, or for graduate studies 
leading to administrative work in federal, state, or local government, 
international organizations, or college teaching. Students seeking certification 
to teach secondary school social studies may major in political science but 
should consult their advisers and the education department. Washington 
National and International Semesters are sponsored at The American 
University and a United Nations Semester at Drew University. 

A major consists of eight political science courses, including Political 
Science 5 , and at least one course in each of the five areas (A to E) below. To 
encourage familiarity with other social sciences, at least two courses must be 
completed from the following: Business 35 and 36 (recommended for 
pre-law); Economics 10/11, 32, 45; History 34, 35, 36; Philosophy 22, 
Sociology 26. 

1 5 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICS 

The behavior and misbehavior of the political animal, man. Why he forms political 
communities, how he may improve them, and how he may destroy them. Required 
of all political science majors; open to a limited number of other interested 
studen ts. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE/ 99 

A. AMERICAN GOVERNMENT 

10 GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS IN 
THE UNITED STATES 

An introduction to American national government which emphasizes both 
structural-functional analysis and policy-making processes. In addition to the 
legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government, attention will be given 
to political parties and interest groups, elections and voting behavior, and 
constitutional rights. Recommended to all Social Science Education majors and to 
those students who have had inadequate or insufficient preparation in American 
government. 

1 1 STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT 

An examination of the general principles, major problems, and political processes of 
the states and their subdivisions, together with their role in a federal type of 
government. 

30 THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM 

An analysis of the Supreme Court in the American system of government with 
some attention paid to judicial decision-making. Topics include: judicial review, 
federalism, constitutional limits on legislative and executive powers, elections and 
representation. 

31 CIVIL RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES 

What are our rights and liberties as Americans? What should they be? A frank 
discussion of the nature and scope of the constitutional guarantees, First 
Amendment rights, the rights of criminal suspects and defendants, racial equality, 
and equal protection of the laws. Students will read and brief the more important 
Supreme Court decisions. 

33 PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND PLANNING 

A systematic description, analysis, and evaluation of the institutional foundations 
of the American system of public administration, with special attention to 
structure, personnel, and control. Alternate years. 

B. AMERICAN POLITICS 

22 POLITICAL PARTIES AND INTEREST GROUPS 

An examination of the history, organization, functions, and methods of American 
political parties. Special attention is devoted to the role of organized interest groups 
in the political process. 

23 AMERICAN PRESIDENCY 

A study of the office and powers of the President with analysis of his major roles as 
chief administrator, legislator, political leader, foreign policy maker, and com- 
mander-in-chief. Special attention is given to those Presidents who led the nation 
boldly. 

24 THE LEGISLATIVE PROCESS 

A study of the role of the legislature in the framework of the national and state 
governments. Consideration of the influence of the parties, pressure groups, public 
opinion, constituencies, the "committee system", the "administration" and the 
constitution in the lawmaking process. Alternate years. 

32 THE POLITICS OF CITIES AND SUBURBS 

An examination of the history, legal basis, power, forms, services, and problems of 
the cities and their suburbs, with special reference to current experiments in the 
solution of the problems of metropolitan areas. 

C. POLITICAL THEORY 

35 L AW AN D SOC IET Y 

An examination into the nature, sources, functions, and limits of law as an 
instrument of political and social control. Included for discussion are legal problems 
pertaining to the family, crime, deviant behavior, poverty, and minority groups. 
Alternate years. 



100 /POLITICAL SCIENCE 

46 CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES 

The growth, development and current status of liberalism, conservatism, national- 
ism, socialism, communism and fascism. Alternate years. 

47 THE AMERICAN POLITICAL TRADITION 

An examination of the significant ideas which have shaped the American political 
tradition from their European origins to the present, with emphasis on the 
influence of these ideas in the development of American democracy. Special 
attention will be paid to an analysis of contemporary ideological movements: Black 
Power, New Left, and Radical Feminism. Alternate years. 

D. COMPARATIVE POLITICS 

20 COMPARATIVE POLITICS: ADVANCED SYSTEMS 

A cross-national study of highly developed states, with emphasis on Western Europe 
and Japan, compared to the U.S. system. 

21 COMPARATIVE POLITICS: DEVELOPING SYSTEMS 

The causes and possible cures for socio-political backwardness in Asia, Africa, and 
Latin America. 

36 THE SOVIET POLITICAL SYSTEM 

The political theory and practice of the Soviet Union, including some comparison 
with other Communist states such as China and Yugoslavia. Alternate years. 

E. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 

34 WORLD POLITICS 

Why is there war? An introduction to international relations with emphasis on the 
varieties of conflicts which may grow into war. 

37 COMMUNIST STRATEGIES AND TACTICS 

The foreign policies of the various Communist states; the breakup of monolithic 
communism into national-interest communism as practiced by the Soviet Union, 
China, Romania, and Yugoslavia. Alternate years. 

39 AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY 

The U.S. role in the world in geographic, strategic, historical, and ideological 
perspectives, plus an examination of the domestic forces shaping U.S. policy. 
Alternate years. 

43 INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION 

An examination of the structure and function of the League of Nations and 
particularly the United Nations with emphasis on activities related to the 
maintenance of international peace and security. Alternate years. 



PSYCHOLOGY 

Associate Professor: Loomis (Chairman), Hancock 
Assistant Professors: Brittain, O'Brien 

A major consists of Psychology 10, 20, 21, 22, and four other 
psychology courses. Mathematics 13 is also required. In addition to the 
departmental requirements, majors are urged to include courses in Animal 
Physiology, Sociology, and the Mathematics option of the distribution 
requirement. 

10 INTRODUCTORY PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the empirical study of human and other animal behavior. Areas 
considered may include: learning, personality, social, physiological, sensory, 
cognition and developmental. 



PSYCHOLOGY/101 



15 ORGANIZATIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY 

The application of the principles and methods of psychology to selected 
organizational and industrial situations. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

16 ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the patterns of deviant behavior with emphasis on cause, 
function, and treatment. The various models for the conceptualization of abnormal 
behavior are critically examined. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

20 SENSORY EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

The examination of psychophysical methodology and basic neurophysiological 
methods as they are applied to the understanding of sensory processes. Prerequisite: 
Psychology 10; Mathematics 13. 

21 LEARNING EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

Learning processes. The examination of the basic methods and principles of animal 
and human learning. Prerequisite: Psychology 10; Mathematics 13. 

22 PERSONALITY THEORY 

Theories of Personality. A comparison of different theoretical views on the 
development and functioning of personality. Examined in detail are three general 
viewpoints of personality; psychoanalytic, stimulus-response (behavioristic), and 
phenomenological. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

30 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An examination of behavior in social contexts including motivation, preception, 
group processes and leadership, attitudes, and methods of research. Prerequisite: 
Psychology 10. 

31 DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

A study of the basic principles of early human growth and development. 
Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

32 ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY 

The study areas will include theories of adolescence; current issues raised by as well 
as about the "generation of youth"; research findings bearing on theories and issues 
of growth beyond childhood; and self-exploration. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

33 PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the physiological psychologist's method of approach to the 
understanding of behavior as well as the set of principles that relate the function 
and organization of the nervous system to the phenomena of behavior. The course 
emphasis is on the relationship between brain function and the physiological bases 
of learning, perception, and motivation. Laboratory experience includes both 
behavioral testing and basic small-animal neurosurgical technique as well as 
histological methodology. Prerequisite: Psychology 20 or Biology 23, and Math 13. 

34 PRINCIPLES OF MEASUREMENT 

Psychometric method and theory, including scale transformation, norms, stan- 
dardization, validation procedures and estimation of reliability. Prerequisite: 
Psychology 10, Mathematics 13. 

35 HISTORY AND SYSTEMS OF PSYCHOLOGY 

The growth of scientific psychology and the theories and systems that have 
accompanied its development. Prerequisite: 4 courses in Psychology. 

37 COGNITION 

An investigation of human mental processes along the two major dimensions of 
directed and undirected thought. Topic areas include: recognition, attention, 
conceptualization, problem-solving, fantasy, language, dreaming, and creativity. 
Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

38 EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the empirical study of the teaching-learning process. Areas 
considered may include educational objectives, pupil and teacher characteristics, 
concept learning, problem solving and creativity, attitudes and values, motivation, 
retention and transfer, and evaluation and measurement. Prerequisite: Psychology 
10, and Mathematics 13 or consent of instructor. 



102 /PSYCHOLOGY 

40 ADVANCED EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN 

Consideration of a variety of designs currently used in Psychology with emphasis on 
the appropriate statistical analyses. Prerequisite: Psychology 20 and 21. 

48-49 PRACTICUM IN PSYCHOLOGY 

An off-campus involvement in the application of psychological skills and principles 
in institutional settings. The experience includes training in behavior modification 
and traditional counseling techniques as applied in prisons, mental health centers, 
and schools for the mentally retarded. Classroom training focuses on various 
therapeutic techniques and on the student's understanding of himself in the 
counselor role. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 




* 



RELIGION 



Professor: Guerra (Chairman) 

Associate Professor: Rhodes 

Assistant Professors: Hughes, Lutz, Neufer 

A major consists of ten courses including 10, 13, and 14. At least seven 
courses must be taken in the department. The following courses may be 
counted toward fulfilling the major requirements: Greek 11 and 12, Hebrew 
1 1 and 12, History 41 and 48, Philosophy 25, and Sociology 33. 

10 PERSPECTIVES ON RELIGION 

An exploration of religious responses to ultimate problems of human existence. 
Through discussion of selections by Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, and humanist 
writers, students are encouraged to grapple with such questions as the nature and 
language of religion, the existence and knowledge of God, the inter-play of religion 
and culture, and the religious analysis of the human predicament. 

13 OLD TESTAMENT FAITH AND HISTORY 

A critical examination of the literature within its historical setting and in the light 
of archeological findings to show the faith and religious life of the Hebrew-Jewish 
community in the biblical period, and an introduction to the history of 
interpretation with an emphasis on contemporary Old Testament criticism and 
theology. 

14 NEW TESTAMENT FAITH AND HISTORY 

A critical examination of the literature within its historical setting to show the faith 
and religious life of the Christian community in the biblical period, and an 
introduction to the history of interpretation with an emphasis on contemporary 
New Testament criticism and theology. 

20 GOD AND MAN IN WESTERN CULTURE I 

An inquiry into the changing images of God and man in Western Culture, as these 
have been influenced by various religious traditions, particularity the Christian. The 
course will deal with leading men and motifs from St. Paul through the 
Reformation, and up to Eighteenth Century Deism. Prerequisite: Religion 10 or 14, 
or consent of instructor. 

2 1 GOD AND MAN IN WESTERN CULTURE II 

A continuation of Religion 20, beginning with the attempts of Schleiermacher and 
Hegel to re-integrate religion and culture, tracing the subsequent process through 
Niebuhr and Tillich to the present "Post-Liberal" period. Prerequisite: Religion 20, 
or consent of instructor. 

23 RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD: AFRICAN RELIGIONS 

Primitive man's beliefs about himself, his gods, his oneness with the land and his 
fellow animals, and his feelings about community will be investigated. 

24 RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD: ISLAM AND JUDAISM 

Major emphasis upon tradition and contemporary forms of Islam and Judaism, their 
growth and development investigating their current status and their major problems 
in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and the United States. 

25 RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD: ORIENTAL RELIGION 

A phenomenology of the formative forces and concepts of Indian, Chinese, and 
Japanese religions; special attention devoted to social and political relations, 
mythical and aesthetic forms. East and West encounter. 

26 HISTORY AND RELIGION OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST 

A study of the religions and history of Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Syria-Palestine, and 
Egypt from the rise of Sumerian culture to Alexander the Great. 



103 



104 /RELIGION 

27 CULTURE OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST 

An analysis of the culture of the Ancient Near East with special reference to the 
role of religion. The course will be taught with an emphasis on archeological 
findings. 

31 CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ETHICS 

An unfolding of ethics as horizon, engagement, destiny; an interdisciplinary 
theoretical study closely related to the practical problems of violence and power, 
racism and revolution, assassination and authority. 

32 CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS IN CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ETHICS 

An examination of the approach of religion and other disciplines to an issue of 
current concern; prospective topics include the ethics of violence, the social 
thought of Jacques Ellul, and the ethics of genetic control. Prerequisite: Religion 
31, or consent of instructor. 

33 ROMAN CATHOLIC THOUGHT 

The development of Thomism, Neo-Thomism, and Transcendental Thomism; 
limited attention given to pastoral and ecclesiological issues in the post-conciliar era 
after Vatican II. 

35 REDACTION HISTORY AND THE GOSPELS 

Contemporary views of the relationship between the evangelist's theology and his 
way of arranging the gospel tradition. A study of the several interpretations of Jesus 
both in the Synoptics and in the Fourth Gospel. 

36 ADVANCED OLD TESTAMENT TOPICS 

A critical examination of one topic in Old Testament study from among the 
following: prophecy, the Pentateuch, wisdom literature, biblical theology. The 
content of the course will vary from year to year. 

38 ADVANCED NEW TESTAMENT TOPICS 

A critical examination of one topic in New Testament study from among the 
following: The Teaching of Jesus, New Testament Christology, Pauline Theology, 
Current issues in New Testament Interpretation. The content of the course will vary 
from year to year. 

41 CONTEMPORARY RELIGIOUS ISSUES 

A study of the theological significance of some contemporary intellectual 
developments in western culture. The content of this course will vary from year to 
year. Subjects studied in recent years include the following: the theological 
significance of Freud, Marx, and Nietzche; Christianity and existentialism; theology 
and depth psychology; and the religious dimension of contemporary literature. 
Prerequisite: Religion 10. 

42 THE NATURE AND MISSION OF THE CHURCH 

A study of the nature of the church and its mission in contemporary society 
including an analysis of the role of the church and an examination of ways of 
renewal. 

43 THE EDUCATIONAL MINISTRY OF THE CHURCH 

A study of religious education as a function of the church with special attention 
given to the nature and objectives of Christian education, methods of teaching 
religion, and the relations between faith and learning. 

45 JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY IN THE NEW TESTAMENT 

A study of the ways in which New Testament Christianity is indebted to Judaism in 
theology, ethics, and institutions. 

46 PALESTINIAN ARCHEOLOGY 

A study of basic archeological method in addition to representative excavations and 
artifacts from the various historical eras as are found in Palestine and its environs. 



SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY 



Professors: McCrary (Chairman), Mook 

Assistant Professor: Arroyo 

Instructor: Rux 

A major consists of Sociology 10, 14, 44, 47, and four other courses, 
which may include Religion 46. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY 

An introduction to the problems, concepts, and methods in sociology today, 
including analysis of stratification, organization of groups and Institutions, social 
movements, and deviants in social structure. 

14 INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY 

Prehistoric and primitive peoples and cultures; primitive customs and institutions 
compared with those of modern man. 

20 MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY 

The history, structure, and functions of modern American family life, emphasizing 
dating, courtship, factors in marital adjustment, and the changing status of family 
members. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

22 FOLK SOCIETY 

Comparative study of several folk societies, with emphasis upon the Pennsylvania 
Amish;folk culture constrasted with urban-industrial civilization. 

24 RURAL AND URBAN COMMUNITIES 

The concept of community is treated as it operates and affects individual and group 
behavior in rural, suburban, and urban settings. Emphasis is placed upon 
characteristic institutions and problems of modern city life. Prerequisite: Sociology 
1 or consent of instructor. 

26 SOCIAL MOVEMENTS 

An analysis of the dynamics, structure, and reaction to social movements with 
focus on contemporary social movements. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of 
instructor. 

30 CRIMINOLOGY 

The nature, genesis, and organization of criminal behavior are examined from both 
group and individual viewpoints. Juvenile delinquency and the treatment of crime 
are presented. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

32 INSTITUTIONS 

Introduces the student to the sociological concept of social institution, the types of 
social institutions to be found in all societies, and the interrelationships between 
the social institutions within a society. The course is divided into two basic parts: 1. 
That aspect which deals with the systematic organization of society in general, and 
2. The concentration on a particular social institution: economic, political, 
educational, and social welfare. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

33 SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION 

An examination of the major theories of the relationship of religion to society, and 
a survey of sociological studies of religous behavior. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or 
consent of instructor. 

34 RACIAL AND CULTURAL MINORITIES 

A study of the adjustments of minority racial, cultural, and national groups in 
modern America. Attention is also given to minority problems within their world 
setting. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 



105 



106 /SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY 



35 



37 



41 



4 3 



44 



45 



47 



CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY 

Primitive and peasant economy, society, government, religion, and art, the social 
and cultural backgrounds of personality development. Prerequisite: Sociology 14 or 
consent of instructor. 

ANTHROPOLOGY OF NORTH AMERICA 

Ethnographic survey of native North American Eskimo and Indian cultures, with 
attention to changes in native lifeways due to European contacts. Prerequisite: 
Sociology 14 or consent of instructor. 



SOCIAL STRATIFICATION 

An analysis of the nature of stratification systems, with special reference to 

American social structure. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

DEVIANT BEHAVIOR 

An inquiry into the various types of deviant behavior, that will vary each semester, 
covering such topics as: alcoholism, mental illness, gambling, and narcotics. 
Prerequistie: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

SOCIAL THEORY 

The history of the development of sociological thought from its earliest 
philosophical beginnings is treated through discussions and reports. Emphasis is 
placed upon sociological thought since the time of Comte. Prerequisite: Sociology 
10 or consent of instructor. 

ETHNOLOGICAL THEORY 

Theories concerning man and his culture, with emphasis on interpretations since 

1 850. Prerequisite: Sociology 14 and consent of instructor. 

RESEARCH METHODS IN SOCIOLOGY 
Study of the research process in sociology, including formation of research design 
(theory, methodology, and techniques), and practical application in the investiga- 
tion of a research problem. Prerequisite: Mathematics 5 and Sociology 10 and 
consent of instructor. 

48-49 PRACTICUM IN SOCIOLOGY 

Introduces the student to a practical work experience involving community 
agencies in order to effect a synthesis of the student's academic course work and its 
practical applications in a community agency. Specifics of the course to be worked 
out in conjunction with department, student, and agency. Prerequisite: Sociology 
10 or consent of instructor. 




THEATRE 

Professor: Falk (Chairman) 

Instructor: Dartt 
Part-Time Instructor: Pitzer 

The major consists of eight courses, except Theatre 1, with a concentra- 
tion in Acting, Directing, or Design. The Fine Arts requirement may be 
satisfied by selecting any two courses, except Theatre 1. In addition to the 
departmental requirements, majors are urged to include courses in Art, Music, 
Psychology, and English. 

I FUNDAMENTALS OF SPEECH 

The dynamics of oral communication. The development of elementary principles of 
simple oral communication through lectures, prepared assignments in speaking, and 
informal class exercises. Utilizes video tape sequences for "instant feedback" to 
students. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO THEATRE 

Designed as a comprehensive introduction to the aesthetics of theatre. From the 
spectator's point of view, the nature of theatre will be explored including dramatic 
literature and the integrated functioning of acting, directing, and all production 
aspects. 

I I INTRODUCTION TO FILM 

A basic course in understanding the film medium. The class will investigate film 
technique through lectures and by viewing regular weekly films chosen from classic, 
contemporary, and experimental short films. 

12 HISTORY OF THEATRE I 

A detailed study of the development of theatre from the Greeks to the early 
realistic period. Alternate years. 

13 HISTORY OF THEATRE II 

The history of the theatre from 1860. Alternate years. 

14 ORAL INTERPRETATION OF LITERATURE 

The fundamental principles and methods of oral reading and the interpretation of 
literature are introduced. Materials will be chosen from poetry, prose, the novel, 
and drama. 

15 PLAYWRITING AND DRAMATIC CRITICISM 

An investigation of the techniques of playwriting with an emphasis on creative 
writing, culminating in a written one-act play, plus an historical survey of dramatic 
criticism from Aristotle to the present, with emphasis upon developing the 
student's ability to write reviews and criticism of theatrical productions and films. 
A Iternate years. 

18 PLAY PRODUCTION FOR COMMUNITY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS 

Stagecraft and the various other aspects of play production are introduced. 
Through material presented in the course and laboratory work on the Arena 
Theatre stage, the student will acquire experience to produce theatrical scenery for 
community and secondary school theatre. 

20 CREATIVE DRAMA FOR CHILDREN 

Designed especially for those intending to be teachers, this course explores the 
dramatic possibilities of creative playmaking for children on all grade levels. Special 
emphasis is placed on storytelling, dramatization, pantomime, and dramatic play. 

24 INTRODUCTION TO ACTING 

An introductory study of the actor's preparation, with emphasis on developing the 
actor's creative imagination through improvisations and scene study. 

26 INTRODUCTION TO DIRECTING 

An introductory study of the function of the director in preparation, rehearsal, and 
performance. Emphasis is placed on developing the student's ability to analyze 
scripts and on the development of the student's imagination. 



107 



108 /THEATRE 



28 INTRODUCTION TO SCENE DESIGN AND STAGECRAFT 

An introduction to the theatre with an emphasis on stagecraft. The productions 
each semester serve as the laboratory to provide the practical experience necessary 
to understand the material presented in the classroom. 

29 MARIONETTE PRODUCTION 

Introduces the construction, costuming, and performing of a play through the 
medium of string puppets. 

31 ADVANCED TECHNIQUES OF PLAY PRODUCTION 

A detailed consideration of the interrelated problems and techniques of play 
analysis, production styles, and design. Offered summer only. 

34 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: ACTING 

Instruction and practice in character analysis and projection, with emphasis on 
vocal and body techniques. 

35 THEORIES OF THE MODERN THEATRE 

An advanced course exploring the philosophical roots of the modern theatre from 
the birth of realism to the present, and the influences on modern theatre practice. 
Selected readings from Neitzsche, Marx, Jung, Freud, Whitehead, Kierkegaard, 
Sarte, Camus, as well as Antoine, Copeau, Stanislavski, Shaw, Meyerhold, Artaud, 
Brecht, Brook, Grotowski. Alternate years. 

36 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: DIRECTING 

Emphasis is placed on the student's ability to function in preparation and rehearsal. 
Practical experience involves the directing of scenes from contemporary theatre. 

38 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: SCENE AND LIGHTING DESIGN 

The theory of stage and lighting design with special emphasis on their practical 
application to the theatre. 

40 MASTERS OF WORLD DRAMA 

An intensive and detailed analysis of the plays, and related works, including 
criticism of great authors, that have shaped world theatre. Authors to be selected 
on the basis of interest of students and faculty. At times, more than one author will 
be treated in a term. Ibsen, Brecht, Moliere, Williams, Albee. 

44 ADVANCED STUDIO: ACTING 

Preparation of monologues and two-character scenes. Contemporary and classical. 
The student will appear in major campus productions. 

46 ADVANCED STUDIO: DIRECTING 

Emphasis will be placed on the student's ability to produce a major three-act play 
from the script to the stage for public performance. 

48 ADVANCED STUDIO: DESIGN 

Independent work in conceptual and practical design. The student will design one 
full production as his major project. 

49 ADVANCED STUDIO: PROPERTIES AND COSTUME DESIGN 

The theory of stage costume and property design and its practical application to the 
theatre. Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor. 



PAP 







Vkl** : 



COLLEGE PERSONNEL 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

OFFICERS 

Fred A. Pennington Chairman 

W. Gibbs McKenney, Jr Vice-Chairman 

Paul G. Gilmore Secretary 

Kenneth E. Himes Treasurer 

HONORARY TRUSTEES 

Bishop Hermann W. Kaebnick, D.D., L.H.D., LL.D Harrisburg 

Ralph E. Kelchner Jersey Shore 

Arnold A. Phipps, II Williamsport 

George L. Stearns, II Williamsport 

The Rev. L. Elbert Wilson Orlando, Fla. 



Term Expires 1974 

Elected 

1967 The Rev. Grantas E. Hoopert, D.D York 

1965 James G. Law Bloomsburg 

1971 The Rev. Harvey W. Marsland Allentown 

1970 John E. Person, Jr Williamsport 

1965 Hon. Herman T. Schneebeli Williamsport 

1972 Donald E. Shearer, M.D Montoursville 

1969 Charles J. Stockwell Williamsport 

1961 Nathan W. Stuart Williamsport 

1971 Willis W. Willard, III, M.D Hershey 

(Alumni Representative) 
1958 W. Russell Zacharias Allentown 



109 



110 /BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

Term Expires 1975 
Elected 

1969 Richard R. Cramer, D.D.S Hershey 

1973 Guy M. Davies Lancaster 

1969 Samuel H. Evert Bloomsburg 

1972 The Rev. Brian A. Fetterman Lewistown 

1965 Walter J. Heim Montoursville 

1969 Kenneth E. Himes Williamsport 

1970 Woodrow A. Knight Williamsport 

1972 John W. Lundy Williamsport 

1969 Mrs. Donald G. Remley Williamsport 

1972 Harold H. Schreckengast, Jr Jenkintown 

(Alumni Representative) 
1967 The Rev. Donald H. Treese Carlisle 

TRUSTEES 

Term Expires 1976 
Elected 

1964 John G. Detwiler Williamsport 

1948 Frank L. Dunham Wellsboro 

1970 Walter T. Dunston, D.D.S Philadelphia 

195 1 Paul G. Gilmore Williamsport 

1973 Robert G. Little, M.D Harrisburg 

(Alumni Representative) 

1964 W. Gibbs McKenney, Jr Baltimore, Md. 

1973 G. Jackson Miller Altoona 

1972 The Rev. Paul E. Myers, D.D Hershey 

1958 Fred A. Pennington Mechanicsburg 

1961 The Rev. Wallace F. Stettler, HH.D Kingston 

1970 William E. Strasburg, Litt.D Gwynedd Valley 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 



Walter J. Heim, Chairman 



Richard R. Cramer 

John G. Detwiler 

Frank L. Dunham 

Samuel H. Evert 

Paul G. Gilmore 

Hon. Charles F. Greevy 

The Rev. Grantas E. Hoopert 



Woodrow A. Knight 
W. Gibbs McKenney, Jr. 
John E. Person, Jr. 
Charles J. Stockwell 
Nathan W. Stuart 
W. Russell Zacharias 




ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF 

HAROLD H. HUTSON (1969) President 

B.A., LL.D., Wofford College; B.D., Duke University; Ph.D., University 

of Chicago; L.H.D., Ohio Wesleyan 
JAMES R. JOSE (1970) Dean of the College 

B.A., Mount Union College; M.A., Ph.D., The American University 
KENNETH E. HIMES (1948) Treasurer 

B.S., Drexel University; G.S.B., Rutgers University 
OLIVER E. HARRIS (1956) Director of Development 

A.B., M.S., The Pennsylvania State University 
R. ANDREW LADY (1957) Assistant to the President 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.S., D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
JACKC. BUCKLE (1957) Dean of Student Services 

A.B., Juniata College; M.S., Syracuse University 
WILLIAM L. BAKER (1965) Business Manager & 

B.S. Lycoming College Student Aid Director 
ANTHONY L. GRILLO (1969) Librarian 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University; M.S. in L.S., Villanova Univer- 
sity 
FRANK J. KAMUS (1963) Director of Admissions 

B.S., Lock Haven State College 
ROBERT J. GLUNK (1965) Registrar and Assistant to the Dean 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
DAVID G. BUSEY (1954) Director of Athletics 

B.S., M.S., University of Illinois 
CLARENCE W. BURCH (1962) Associate Director of Athletics 

B.S., M.Ed., University of Pittsburgh 
DALE V. BOWER (1968) Director of Alumni Affairs 

B.S., Lycoming College; B.D., United Theological Seminary 
BRUCE L. SWANGER (1968) Director of Public Relations 

A.B., Bucknell University 
JOSEPH P. LAVER, JR. (1969) Director of Publications 

A.B., University of Pennsylvania; M.S., University of Bridgeport 
L. PAUL NEUFER (1960) Director of Religious Activities 

A.B., Dickinson College; S.T.B., S.T.M., Boston University 
ROBERT L. CURRY, JR. (1972) Assistant in Athletics 

A.B., Lycoming College 
THOMAS C. DEVLIN (1971) Associate Dean of Student Services 

B.A., State University of New York, Geneseo; M.A., Bowling Green 

University 
DOUGLAS J. KEIPER (1970) Associate Dean of Student Services 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
TONY K. SCHEPIS (1971) Assistant Director of Admissions 

A.B., Lycoming College 
GRETCHEN 0. SCHIPPER (1972) Assistant Director of Admissions 

B.S., Simpson College 
R. ALBION SMITH (1971) Associate Dean of Student Services 

B.S., Springfield College; M.S.S., Syracuse University 
ANNA D. WEITZ (1970) Associate Dean of Student Services 

A.B., Boston University; M.S., State University of New York, Albany 

111 



FACULTY 

EMERITI 

MABEL K. BAUER Professor Emeritus of Chemistry 

B.S., Cornell University; M.S., University of Pennsylvania 
ARNOLD J. CURRIER Professor Emeritus of Chemistry 

A.B., Colgate University; M.S., The Pennsylvania State University; Ph.D., 

Cornell University 
LEROY F. DERR Professor Emeritus of Educaation 

A.B., Ursinus College; M.A., Bucknell University; Ed.D., University of 

Pittsburgh 
ROBERT H. EWING Professor Emeritus of History 

A.B., College of Wooster; M.A., University of Michigan; HH.D., 

Lycoming College 
W. ARTHUR FAUS Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

A.B., Dickinson College; S.T.B., Ph.D., Boston University 
PHIL G. GILLETTE Associate Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

A.B., Ohio University; M.A., Columbia University 

HAROLD W. HAYDEN Librarian Emeritus and Professor Emeritus 

of Library Services 

A.B., Nebraska State Teachers College; B.S., University of Illinois; M.A. 

in L.S., University of Michigan 
GEORGE W. HOWE Professor Emeritus of Geology 

A.B., M.S., Syracuse University; Ph.D., Cornell University 
MAURICE A. MOOK Professor Emeritus of Anthropology 

B.A., Allegheny College; M.A., Northwestern University; Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania 

DONALD G. REMLEY Assistant Professor Emeritus of 

Mathematics and Physics 

A.B., Dickinson College; M. A., Columbia University 
GEORGE S. SHORTESS Professor Emeritus of Biology 

A.B., Johns Hopkins University; M. A., Columbia University; Ph.D., Johns 

Hopkins University 
JOHN A. STUART Professor Emeritus of English 

B.A., William Jewell College; M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern University 
HELEN B. WEIDMAN Professor Emeritus of Political Science 

A.B., M.A., Bucknell University; Ph.D., Syracuse University 



COLLEGE PERSONNEL/ 1 1 3 

PROFESSORS 

ROBERT F. FALK (1970) Theatre 

B.A., B.D., Drew University; M.A., Ph.D., Wayne State University 
MORTON A. FINEMAN (1966) Physics 

A.B., Indiana University; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
JOHN P. GRAHAM (1939) English....Mace Bearer 

Ph.B., Dickinson College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
EDUARDO GUERRA (I960) Religion 

B.D., Southern Methodist University; S.T.M., TH.D., Union Theological 

Seminary 
JAMES K. HUMMER (1962) Chemistry 

B.N.S., Tufts University; M.S., Middlebury College; Ph.D., University of 

North Carolina 
JAMES R. JOSE (1970) Political Science. ...Dean of the College 

B.A., Mount Union College; M.A., Ph.D., American University 
JACK S. McCRARY (1969) Sociology and Anthropology 

B.A., M.A., Southern Methodist University; Ph.D., Washington University 
WALTER G. McIVER (1946) Music 

Mus.B., Westminster Choir College; A.B., Bucknell University; M.A., New 

York University 
GLEN E. MORGAN (1961) Music 

B.M., M.M., Ph.D., Indiana University 
LORING B. PRIEST (1949) History 

LITT.B., Rutgers University; M. A., Ph.D., Harvard University 
ROBERT W. RABOLD (1955) Economics 

B.A., The Pennsylvania State University; M.A., Ph.D., University of 

Pittsburgh 
JOHN A. RADSPINNER (1957) Chemistry 

B.S., University of Richmond; M.S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute; 

D.SC, Carnegie-Mellon University 
LOGAN A. RICHMOND (1954) Accounting 

B.S., Lycoming College; M.B.A., New York University; C.P.A. (Penn- 
sylvania) 
FRANCES KNIGHTS SKEATH (1947) Mathematics 

A.B., M.A., Bucknell University; D.Ed, Pennsylvania State University 



114 /COLLEGE PERSONNEL 
ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS 



DAVID G. BUSEY (1954) Physical Education.... Director of Athletics 

B.S., M.S., University of Illinois 

BERNARD P. FLAM (1963) Spanish 

A.B., New York University; M.A., Harvard University; Ph.D., University 
of Wisconsin 

ERNEST D. GIGLIO (1972) Political Science 

B.A., Queens College; M.A., The State University of New York at 
Albany; Ph.D., Syracuse University 

DAN D. GUSTAFSON (1971) English 

B.A., Amherst College; M.A., University of California; Ph.D., University 
of Nebraska 

JOHN G. HANCOCK (1967) Psychology 

B.S., M.S., Bucknell University; Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University 

JOHN G. HOLLENBACK (1952) Business Administration.... 

B.S., M.B.A., University of Pennsylvania Marshal of the College 

ALDEN G. KELLEY (1966) Biology 

B.S., M.S., Iowa State University; Ph.D., Purdue University 

DAVID J. LOOMIS (1967) Psychology 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.S., Bucknell University; Ph.D., Syracuse 
University 

GERTRUDE B. MADDEN (1958) English 

A.B., University of Pennsylvania; M. A., Bucknell University 

ROBERT J. B. MAPLES (1969) French 

A. B., University of Rochester; Ph.D., Yale University 

ROGER W. OPDAHL (1963) Economics 

A.B., Hofstra College; M.A., Columbia University; D.Ed., The Pennsyl- 
vania State University 

O. THOMPSON RHODES (1961) Religion 

B.S., University of Cincinnati; B.D., Ph.D., Drew University 

MARY LANDON RUSSELL (1936) Music 

Mus.B., Susquehanna University Conservatory of Music; M.A., The 
Pennsylvania State University 

LOUISE R. SCHAEFFER (1962) Education 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., Bucknell University; D.Ed., The Penn- 
sylvania State University 

JAMES W. SHEAFFER (1949) Music 

B.S., Indiana University of Pennsylvania; M.S., University of Penn- 
sylvania 

WILLY SMITH (1966)* Physics 

B.S.E., The University of the Republic (Uruguay); M.S.E., Ph.D., 
University of Michigan 



* On Leave 1973-74 



COLLEGE PERSONNEL /115 

ASSISTANT PROFESSORS 

ROBERT B. ANGST ADT (1967) Biology 

B.S., Ursinus College; M.S., Ph.D., Cornell University 
VIRGINIA R. ARROYO (1970) Sociology 

B.S., M.A., Columbia University 
MYRNA A. BARNES (1959) Library Services 

A.B., University of California at Los Angeles; M.S. in L.S., Drexel 

University 
FRANCIS L. BAYER (1967) English 

B.A., St. Mary 's College; B.S., M.A., Bowling Green State University 
WILLIAM P. BRITTAIN (1972) Psychology 

B.A., M.A., Wichita State University; Ph.D. Texas Christian University 
CLARENCE W. BURCH (1962) Physical Education 

B.S., M.Ed., University of Pittsburgh 
JOHN H. CONRAD (1959) Education 

B.S., Mansfield State College; M.A., New York University 
JACK D.DIEHL, JR., (1971) Biology 

B.S., M.A., Sam Houston State College; M.S., Ph.D., University of 

Connecticut 
LYDIA A. DUFOUR (1970) Spanish 

B.A., Newcomb College; M. A., Tulane University 
RICHARD W. FELDMANN (1965) Mathematics 

A.B., M.A., University of Buffalo 
F. CATHARINE FISHER (1968) Library Services 

B.A., Susquehanna University 
WILLIAM D. FORD (1972) English 

B.A., Occidental College; M.A., M.F.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
DAVID A. FRANZ (1970) Chemistry 

B.A., Princeton; M.A., The Johns Hopkins University; Ph.D., University 

of Virginia 
CHARLES L. GETCHELL (1967) Mathematics 

B.S., University of Massachusetts; M.A., Harvard University 
ROGER A. GOODMAN (1971) Education 

B.A., Dickinson College; M.Ed., Temple University 
WENRICH H. GREEN (1968) Biology 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.S., The Pennsylvania State University 
STEPHEN R. GRIFFITH (1970) Philosophy 

A.B., Cornell University; M.A., Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 

ANTHONY L. GRILLO (1969) Library Services....Librarian 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University; M.S. in L.S., Villanova Uni- 
versity 

THOMAS J. HENNINGER (1966)** Mathematics 

B.S., Wake Forest College; M. A., University of Kansas 

OWEN F. HERRING (1965) Philosophy 

B.A., Wake Forest College 

**On Leave Second Semester 1973-74 



116 /COLLEGE PERSONNEL 

OCTAVIA HUGHES (1971) Art 

B.A., Radcliffe College; M.A., Columbia University 

RICHARD A. HUGHES (1970) Religion 

B.A., Indiana Central College; S.T.B., Ph.D., Boston University 
M. RAYMOND JAMISON (1962) Physics and Education 

B.S., Ursinus College; M.S., Bucknell University 
EMILY R. JENSEN (1969) English 

B.A., Jamestown College; M.A., University of Denver; Ph.D., The 

Pennsylvania State University 
FORREST E. KEESBURY (1970) Education 

B.S., Defiance College; M.A., Bowling Green State University; D.Ed., 

Lehigh University 
ELIZABETH H. KING (1958) Business Administration 

B.S., Geneva College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
ROBERT H. LARSON (1969) History 

B.A., The Citadel; M.A., Ph.D., University of Virginia 
DAVID A. LUTZ (1971) Religion 

B.A., Bucknell University; B.D., Colgate-Rochester Divinity School; 

Ph.D., Drew University 
PAUL A. MacKENZIE (1970) German 

A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Boston University 
ROBERT F. MALCOLM (1970) Business Administration 

B.B.A., M.B.A., Eastern Michigan University 
LYNDON J. MAYERS (1970) Biology 

B.S., University of Rhode Island; M.S., Ph.D., University of Maine 
DONNA R. MILLER (1960) Physical Education 

B.S., Lock Haven State College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State Uni- 
versity 

L. PAUL NEUFER (I960)** Religion 

Director of Religious Activities 

A.B., Dickinson College; S.T.B., S.T.M., Boston University 
RICHARD M. O'BRIEN (1971) Psychology 

A.B., Franklin College; M. A., Ph.D., West Virginia University 
NELSON PHILLIPS (1959) Physical Education 

B.S., Springfield College 
JOHN F. PIPER, JR. (1969) History 

A.B., Lafayette College; B.D., Yale University; Ph.D., Duke University 
RANDY M. RASSOUL (1972) French 

B.A., University of Toledo; M. A., University of Michigan 
DAVID J. RIFE (1970) English 

B.A., University of Florida; M. A., Southern Illinois University 
MICHAEL G. ROSKIN (1972) Political Science 

A.B., University of California at Berkley; M.A., University of California 

at Los Angeles; Ph.D., American University 
KENNETH R. SAUSMAN (1969) Mathematics 

A.B.. Susquehanna University; M.S., Miami University, Ohio 

**On Leave Second Semester 1973-74 



COLLEGE PERSONNEL/ 11 7 

DAVID E. SAWYER (1970) English 

B.A., St. Olaf College; M.A., Ph.D., University of Nebraska 

FERDINAND D. SCHOEMAN (1972) Philosophy 

B.A., University of Rochester; Ph.D., Brandeis University 

K. BRUCE SHERBINE (1969) Biology 

A.B., Gettysburg College; M.S., Temple University; Ph.D., The Penn- 
sylvania State University 

ROGER D.SHIPLEY (1967) Art 

B.A., Otterbein College; M.F. A., Cranbrook Academy of Art 

ANDREW B. TURNER (1969) Chemistry 

Assistant Marshal of the College 
A.B., Franklin and Marshall College; M.S., Bucknell University; Ph.D., 
University of Virginia 

SALLY F. VARGO (1953) Physical Education 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University; M.S., Bucknell University 

CHARLES E. WEYANT (1971) Library Services 

B.A., American University; M.S., Simmons College 

JOHN M. WHELAN, JR. (1971) Philosophy 

B.A., University of Notre Dame 

BUDD F. WHITEHILL (1957) Physical Education 

B.S., Lock Haven State College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State Uni- 
versity 

LEO K. WINSTON (1964) Russian 

B.A., Sir George Williams University; M.A., Universite de Montreal 

INSTRUCTORS 

MAX E. AMEIGH (1969) Art 

B.S., Lycoming College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
GARY DARTT (1969) Theatre 

B.S., Augustana College 
DENNIS KNEPP (1969) Political Science 

A.B., Lycoming College; M. A., University of West Virginia 
ROBERT L. LAMBERT (1969) Mathematics 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., Bucknell University 
JULIA M.RUX (1970) Sociology 

B.A., Hanover College; M.A., University of Wisconsin 
R. SCOTT STAUFFER (1970) Business Administration 

B.S., Wilkes College, M.B. A., University of Miami 
ROBERT A. ZACCARIA (1973) Biology 

B.A., Bridgewater College 

LECTURER 

DON M. LARRABEE II (1972) Lecturer in Law 

A.B., Franklin and Marshall; LL.B., Fordham University 

TEACHING FELLOW 

RICHARD R. ERICKSON (1973) Physics 

B.A., University of Minnesota; Ph.D., University of Chicago 



118 /COLLEGE PERSONNEL 
PART-TIME INSTRUCTORS 

KATHERINE L. FETTER Art 

B.S., Kutztown State College 
DAVID A. GINSBURG Business Administration 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University 
JEAN HORN Mathematics 

B.A., Elmira College; M.S., The Pennsylvania State University 
DOUGLAS R. MACBETH Education 

B.S., Cornell University; M.S., Syracuse University, D.Ed., The Pennsyl- 
vania State University 
MARTINE PICOT French 

D.U.E.L., University of Lyon, France 
SARA D. PITZER Theatre 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University 



ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANTS 

LOUISE BANKS Secretary to the Librarian 

BETTY BECK Bookstore Assistant 

VIRGINIA BELL A. V. Co-ordinator 

EMILY C. BIICHLE Secretary to the Treasurer 

RUSSELL BLOODGOOD Manager of Food Service 

MARY BOWER Assistant in Registrar's Office 

JEAN BREON Secretary to Coaches 

PAULINE F. BRUNGARD Student Loan Coordinator 

B.S., Lycoming College 

SHIRLEY CAMPBELL Assistant in the Treasurer's Office 

ELIZABETH COWLES Career Development Secretary 

MARGARET DEWAR Secretary in the Admissions Office 

SHIRLEY ABERNATHY Secretary in Student Services Office 

ROBERT L. EDDINGER Director of Buildings and Grounds 

JUNE L. EVANS Secretary in the Education Office 

S. JEAN GAIR Faculty Secretary 

ANNE GIBBON Faculty Secretary 

KITTY GLOSSER Secretary in the Admissions Office 

ESTHER GOOD Supervisor of Housekeeping 

YVONNE HAGENBUCH Faculty Secretary 

RALPH HELLAN Computer Operations Programmer 

HELEN C. HELLER . . . Secretary - Public Relations and Publications Offices 

PHYLLIS HOLMES Secretary to the President 

DEE HORN Secretary in Student Aid Office 

MINNIE OLA HOUSEKNECHT Library Assistant 

NAOMI KEPNER Switchboard Operator 

AUDREY LIBBY Library Assistant 

EDITH LIPFERT Library Assistant 



COLLEGE PERSONNAL/ 119 

ISABEL CHIRDON Secretary to Buildings and Grounds Director 

VIVIAN MEIKRANTZ Secretary to the Dean of the College 

VICTORIA HAYES Secretary to Coordinator of Computer Services 

PATRICIA MILLER Secretary to the Registrar 

ANDREW MOYER Coordinator of Computer Services 

MARILYN MULLINGS Faculty Secretary 

PHYLLIS B. MYERS Secretary in the Registrar's Office 

BETTY PARIS Secretary to Director of Development 

A.B., Lycoming College 

DORIS E. REICHENBACH Secretary to the Director of Alumni Affairs 

MARIAN L. RUBENDALL Secretary to the Dean of Student Services 

SHARON SCARFO Secretary in the Department of Athletics 

RUTH R. SCHULTZ Faculty Secretary 

DOROTHY STREETER Manager of the Bookstore 

BETTY JUNE SWANGER Accountant and Office Manager 

VIRGINIA VAN HORN Library Assistant 

IRENE VINCENT Library Assistant 

JUNE WAGNER Faculty Secretary 

MARGARET WISE Secretary in the Admissions Office 



MEDICAL STAFF 

FREDERIC C. LECHNER, M.D College Physician 

B.S., Franklin and Marshall College; M.D., Jefferson Medical College 
ROBERT S. YASUI, M.D College Surgeon 

M.D., Temple University 
RUTH J. BURKET, R.N College Nurse 

Hamot Hospital School of Nursing 
EMALINE W. DEIBERT, R.N College Nurse 

Williamsport Hospital School of Nursing 









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Alumni 



THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 



The Alumni Association of Lycoming College has a membership of over 
seven thousand men and women. It is governed by an Executive Board of five 
officers and twenty-one members nominated and elected by the membership. The 
senior class, the student body, and the last graduating class also have 
representatives on the Executive Board. It annually elects a member to the 
Board of Directors of the College for a three-year term. The Director of 
Alumni Affairs directs the activities of the Alumni Office. 

The Alumni Association of Lycoming College has two objectives: to promote 
the interests of the college, and to foster among its members loyalty and 
devotion to their alma mater. Any person who has successfully completed one 
year of study at Lycoming College or Williamsport Dickinson Junior 
College and is not enrolled as a full-time student at Lycoming College, and 
all former Williamsport Dickinson Seminary students are Association members. 

Acting as the representative of alumni on the campus, and working also with 
undergraduates, the Alumni office aids in keeping alumni informed and 
interested in the program, growth, and activities of the college through 
regular publications mailed to all Alumni on record. Arrangements for 
Homecoming, Alumni Day, Class Reunions, club meetings and similar activities 
are coordinated through this office. The Alumni Association promotes group 
travel programs, supplies back-year class rings, and sells water colors of 
the campus and alumni chairs. 

Through The Lycoming College Fund, the Alumni Office is closely associated 
with the development program of the college. Lycoming College holds Class 
A, B, and C memberships in the American Alumni Council. Communications to 
the Alumni Association should be addressed to the Alumni Office. 



The membership of the 1973-74 Alumni Executive Board is as follows: 

President - Mr. George Nichols '59 - R.D.#2, Newton Road, Clarks Summit, 

Pa. 18411 
Vice-President - Col. Marshall Sanders '36 - 6925 River Oaks Drive, McLean, 

Va. 22101 
Recording Secretary - Mrs. Jack Breitenbach (Forrest Birkenstock '41) 535 

Wilson Street, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 
Corresponding Secretary - Mrs. Larry Strauser (Keigh Cronauer '59) R. D. #3 

Montoursville, Pa. 17754 
Treasurer - Mr. Tom Decker '66, 1218 S. Allen Street - Apt. #7, State 

College, Pa. 16801 
Last Retiring President - Mr. Daniel Fultz '57 - Wells College, Aurora, New 

York 13026 



120 



Alumni 



Term Expires June 1974 



Mrs. Carolyn S. Durrwachter '32 & '62 - 246 Lincoln Avenue, Williamsport, 

Pa. 17701 
Mr. David Y. Brouse '47 - 830 St. David Road, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 
Mr. Melvin Campbell '70 - 3400 Eastern Blvd., Village East. Apt. K6, York, 

Pa. 17403 
Mr. John Eidam '66 - 226 Maple Avenue, Kingston, Pa. 18704 
Mr. Stephen Jusick '64 - 82 Stonicker Drive, Trenton, N.J. 08638 
Mr. Donald Nolder '66-41 W. Houston Avenue, Montgomery, Pa. 17752 



Term Expires June 1975 

Dr. James Hoffman '63 - 2300 24th Road So., Apt. 725, Arlington, Va. 

22206 
Mr. William Worobec '70 - Oak Ridge Place, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 
Mr. Dennis Kitzman '59-174 Garnsey Road, Pittsford, New York 14544 
Mr. John Joe '59 - 360 East Drive, Coatesville, Pa. 19320 
Mrs. Earl Kirk (Martha Hickerson '62) - 1662 Carlyle Drive, Apt. 10J, 

Crofton,Md. 21113 
Mrs. David Hultsch (Lucinda Earle '65) - 1330 Linn Street, State College, Pa. 

16801 



Term Expires June 1976 

Mr. Wenrich Green '65 - R.D.#1, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 

Mr. Eli Stavisky '61-110 Jermyn Drive, Clarks Summit, Pa. 1841 1 

Mr. William Humes '58 - 43A Palmer Square, Princeton, N.J. 08540 

Mr. Otto Sonder '46 - 161 Valley Heights Drive, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 

Mrs. Frances Gleason Levegood '52 — 214 Kendall Avenue, Jersey Shore, Pa. 

17740 
Mr. W. Burton Richardson '61 — 296 Tarrington Road, Rochester, New York 

14609 
Mr. Peter R. Bruguiere '69 - 555 Patton Avenue, Apt. 16A, Long Branch, 

N.J. 07740 



Alumni Representatives to Lycoming College Board of Trustees 

(1974) Dr. Willis W. Willard, III '58 - 76 Boxwood Drive, Laurel Woods, 
Hershey,Pa. 17033 

(1975) Mr. Harold H. Shreckengast, Jr. '50 - 600 Cheltena Ave., Jenkintown, 
Pa. 19046 

(1976) Dr. Robert G. Little '63 - 4621 Tarryton Drive, Harrisburg, Pa. 
17109 



121 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 1973-74 



SEPTEMBER 


OCTOBER 


NOVEMBER 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 














1 


7 
14 
21 

28 


1 

8 
15 
22 

29 


2 

9 

16 

23 

30 


3 

10 

17 

24 

31 


4 
11 
18 

25 


5 
12 
19 
26 


6 
13 
20 

27 


4 
11 
18 

25 


5 
12 
19 
26 


6 
13 
20 
27 


7 

14 

21 


1 

8 
15 
22 


2 

9 
16 

23 


3 

10 

17 

24 


2 

9 

16 

23 


3 
10 
17 
24 


4 
11 
18 

25 


5 
12 
19 
26 


6 
13 

20 
27 


7 
14 
21 

28 


8 
15 
22 
29 


28 


29 


30 




30 








































DECEMBER 


JANUARY 


FEBRUARY 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


2 
9 
16 


3 
10 
17 


4 
11 

18 


5 

12 

19 


6 
13 
20 


7 
14 
21 


1 

8 
15 
22 
29 






1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


3 
10 
17 
24 


4 
11 

18 

25 


5 
12 
19 
26 


6 
13 
20 

27 


7 
14 
21 

28 


1 

8 

15 

22 


2 

9 

16 

23 


6 
13 
20 

27 


7 
14 
21 

28 


8 
15 
22 
29 


9 
16 
23 
30 


10 
17 
24 
31 


11 

18 
25 


12 
19 
26 


23 
30 


24 
31 


25 


26 


27 


28 






























MARCH 


APRIL 


MAY 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 












1 


2 

9 


7 
14 
21 


1 

8 

15 

22 


2 

9 
16 

23 


3 
10 
17 
24 


4 
11 
18 

25 


5 6 








1 


2 


3 


4 


3 

10 

17 

24 

31 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


12 
19 
26 


13 
20 
27 


5 
12 
19 
26 


6 
13 
20 

27 


7 
14 
21 

28 


8 
15 
22 
29 


9 
16 
23 
30 


10 
17 
24 
31 


11 
18 
25 


11 

18 
25 


12 
19 
26 


13 
20 

27 


14 
21 

28 


15 
22 
29 


16 

23 
30 


28 


29 


30 




























JUNE 


JULY 


AUGUST 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


1 

8 


7 
14 


1 

8 
15 


2 
9 
16 


3 
10 
17 


4 
11 
18 


5 

12 

19 


6 
13 
20 

27 


4 
11 
18 

25 


5 

12 

19 

26 


6 
13 
20 

27 


7 

14 

21 

28 


1 

8 
15 
22 
29 


2 

9 
16 
23 
30 


3 

10 

17 

24 

31 


9 
16 
23 
30 


10 
17 
24 


11 

18 
25 


12 
19 
26 


13 
20 

27 


14 
21 

28 


15 
22 
29 


21 

28 


22 

29 


23 
30 


24 
31 


25 


26 

































122 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 1973-74 



FALL SEMESTER 

September 2 - Sunday 

4 - Tuesday 

5 - Wednesday 

November 20 - Tuesday 
26 - Monday 

December 21 -Friday 



Dormitories open 2 p.m. 

Registration 

Classes begin. 

Thanksgiving recess begins 8 p.m. 
Classes resume 8 a.m. 

Semester ends 5 p.m. 



SPRING SEMESTER 



January 
March 
April 
May 



6 — Sunday 

7 - Monday 

1 - Friday 

1 1 — Monday 

1 2 - Good Friday 
26 — Friday 

5 — Sunday 



Dormitories open 2 p.m. 
Registration, and classes begin. 

Spring recess begins 5 p.m. 
Classes resume 8 a.m. 

Afternoon classes suspended. 
Semester ends 5 p.m. 

Commencement. 



MAY TERM (4 Weeks) 



May 



5 — Sunday 

6 - Monday 
3 1 - Friday 



Dormitories open 2 p.m. 
Registration, and classes begin. 
Term ends. 



SUMMER TERM (6 Weeks) 



June 



July 



9 - Sunday 
10 -Monday 

19 -Friday 



Dormitories Open 2 p.m. 
Registration, and classes begin. 

Term ends. 



123 



INDEX 



Academic Advisement , 54,56 

Academic Center 36 

Academic Honesty 62 

Academic Honors 61 

Academic Career Programs 53 

Academic Standing 60 

Accounting Career 46 

Accounting/Mathematics (EIM) 63 

Accreditation 4 

Activities, Student 22 

Additional Charges 12 

Administrative Staff Ill 

Admissions Office 8 

Admissions Policy 5 

Advanced Standing 7 

Alumni Association 120 

Application Fee and Deposit 12 

Application Procedure 6 

Attendance, Class 61 

Books and Supplies 13 

Business Career 46 

Calendar, Academic 123 

Calendar, Regular 123 

Campus 33, 36 

Campus Map 37 

Career Development Center 27 

Career Opportunities 45 

Accounting 46 

Business 46 

Dental School, Preparation for 51 

Drama— Cooperative Program 49 

Engineering — Cooperative 

Curriculum 49 

Forestry — Cooperative 

Curriculum 50 

Graduate Study 50 

Law School, Preparation for 51 

Medical School, Preparation for 51 

Medical Technology 48 

Religious Education. 48 

Teacher Education 47 

Theological Seminary, 

Preparation for 51 

Veterinary School, Preparation for 51 

Chapel 36 

Christian Ministry, Preparation for 51 

Class Attendance 61 

Clubs and Organizations on Campus 23 

College Level Exam Program (CLEP) 7 

College Personnel 109 

Commuters' Lounge 36 

Communications With the College 126 

Community Scholarships 19 

Conduct, Standards of 30 

Counseling, Academic 56 

Counseling, Personal 26 

Course Credit by Exam 7 



Course Work 53 

Damage Charges 14 

Degree Programs 54 

Degree Requirements 53 

Dental School, Preparation for 51 

Departmental Honors 43 

Departmental Majors ..„ 54 

Deposit 5, 12 

Deposit Refund 5, 12 

Distribution Requirements 57 

English 57 

Fine Arts 58 

Foreign Language or 

Mathematics 57 

History and Social Science 59 

Natural Science 59 

Religion or Philosophy 58 

Drama, Cooperative Program 49 

Early Admission Procedure 7 

Education Financing Plans 19 

Educational Opportunity Grants 18 

Engineering Cooperative Curriculum 49 

Entrance Exams (CEEB) 7 

Evaluation, Freshman Mid-Semester 60 

Expenses 11 

Faculty 112 

Facilities 36 

Fees 12 

Financial Aid 15 

Financial Information 11 

Financing Plans 19 

Fine Arts Activities 24 

Forestry Cooperative Curriculum 50 

Fraternities, Social 24 

General Expenses 11 

Grading System 59 

Graduate Study 50 

Graduation Requirements 53 

Grants-in Aid 16 

Handbook for Students 

(Guidepost) 23 

Health Professions 

Careers 51 

Health Service 26 

History of the College 3 

Honor Societies 61 

Honors, Academic 61 

Independent Study 42 

Insurance 14 

Intercollegiate Sports 24 

Interdisciplinary Majors 54 

Established Majors (EIM) 54, 63 

Individual Majors (IIM) 54, 65 

International Intercultural 

Studies 44 

Interviews 6, 8 

Intramural Athletics 24 



124 



INDEX/ 125 



Law School, Preparation for 51 

Literature (EIM) 63 

Loans 18, 19 

Location 37 

London Semester 44 

Major 54 

Admission To 56 

Departmental 54 

Interdisciplinary 54 

May Term 41 

Medical College, Preparatio for 51 

Medical History 6 

Medical Technology 48 

Mid-Semester Evaluation 

(Freshman) 60 

Ministerial Grants-in-Aid 17 

National Defense Loans (NDEA) 18 

Non-Payment of Fees Penalty 14 

Objectives and Purpose 3 

Optometry School, 

Preparation for 51 

Organizations and Clubs on 

Campus 23 

Orientation 9 

Osteopathy School, 

Preparation for 51 

Payment of Fees 13 

Payments, Partial 13 

Personal Counseling 26 

Physical Examination 6 

Placement Services. 27 

Podiatry School, Preparation for 51 

Publications and Communications 23 

Purpose and Objectives 3 

Radio Station — Campus 24 

Reading Improvement Course 27 

Refunds 13 

Regulations (Standard of Conduct) 30 

Religious Education 48 

Religious Life 31 

Requirements, Academic for 

Admission 5 

Residence 27 

Residency Requirement 53 

Rules 23 

Scholarships 16 

Selection Process 5 



Seminar Study 42 

Sequential Courses 66 

Societies, Honor 61 

Soviet Area Studies Program 65 

Special Opportunities 39 

Departmental Honors 43 

Independent Study 42 

International Intercultural 

Studies 44 

London Semester 44 

Lycoming Scholars 38 

Overseas Studies Opportunities 44 

May Term 41 

Seminar Study 42 

United Nations Semester 44 

Washington International 

Semester 44 

Washington Semester 43 

Special Programs 41 

Special Student 8 

Sports 24 

Standards of Admission 5 

Standards of Conduct 30 

State Grants 19 

State Guaranteed Loans 19 

Student Activities 22 

Student Association 22 

Student Publications 23 

Student Services 26 

Student Union 22 

Study Skills Program 26 

Summer Session Admission 8 

Summer Sessions Calendar 123 

Teacher Education 47 

Theological Seminary, 

Preparation for 51 

Tradiations 3 

Transfer 7 

Unit Course 53 

United Nations Semester 44 

Veterans, Provisions for 8 

Veterinary Schoool, 

Preparation for 51 

Washington Semester 43 

Withdrawing from Courses 61 

Withdrawal from College 13 

Work-Study Grants 18 



COMMUNICATION WITH THE COLLEGE 

This document contains pertinent information about the college, its 
philosophy, programs, policies, regulations, and offerings. All students 
and prospective students are urged to read it carefully and completely. 

Inquiries of a specific nature should be addressed as follows: 

Director of Admissions: 
Admission to the freshman class. 
Admission with advanced standing. 
Re-entry of students to Lycoming College. 
Requests for catalogs. 

Treasurer: 

Payment of college bills. 

Inquiries concerning expenses. 

Director of Student Aid: 

Scholarships and loan funds for students in college. 

Financial assistance for entering students. 

Dean of the College: 

Information about faculty and faculty activities. 

Academic work of students in college. 

Dean of Student Services: 

Questions or problems concerning student's health. 

Residence and campus regulations. 

Registrar: 

Requests for transcripts. 

Notices of withdrawal. 

Career Development Center: 
Opportunities for self-help. 
Employment while in college. 
Employment upon graduation. 

Director of Development: 
Gifts or bequests. 

Director of Alumni Affairs 

Director of Public Relations 

Address: LYCOMING COLLEGE, Williamsport, Pennsylvania 17701 
Telephone: 326-1951 Area Code 717 



126 




ALL OF THE PROVISIONS IN THIS CATALOG ARE EFFECTIVE JUNE 1, 1973 



Lycoming College reserves the right to make any necessary changes 
in the academic calendar, charges, courses, or any other section of 
this catalog. 



LYCOMINQ 
COLLEQE 




H 



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Williamsport, Pennsylvania 1 7701 
Phone 717-326-1951