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Full text of "Lycoming College catalog"







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THIS IS LYCOMING 




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GOALS FOR LYCOMING 

Lycoming enjoys a continuing and mutually supportive relationship with The 
United Methodist Church. It has consistently supported the Methodist tradition 
ot providing educational opportunities for persons of all religious faiths. Within 
this setting of religious concern, the search for values must continue to be an 
important function of this institution. 

THE PRINCIPAL AIM OF THE COLLEGE 

The principal aim of Lycoming College is to use its resources to provide for its 
students the finest undergraduate educational opportunity attainable. The 
College serves primarily to help each student develop a central core of values, 
awarenesses, strategies, skills, and information that is integrated and coherent 
enough to lead to a productive and fulfilling life in an enormously complex world, 
and at the same time is sufficiently open and flexible to encourage continuous 
growth and development. 



4 1 THIS IS LYCOMING 



HISTORY 

Founded in 1 81 2 as Williamsport Academy it is the oldest educational institution 
in the city of Williamsport. At first, the Academy served only the young through 
what are now recognized as the elementary grades. With the advent of public 
schools in the city, the Academy expanded its curricular offerings to include 
high school and college preparatory work. 

In 1 848, under the patronage of The Methodist Episcopal Church, the Academy 
became Williamsport Dickinson Seminary. The Seminary continued as a private 
boarding school until 1929 when once again its offerings were expanded, this 
time to include two years of college work. This expansion resulted in a change 
of the institution's name to Williamsport Dickinson Seminary and Junior College. 
During its years as a junior college under President John W. Long, the institution 
forged a strong academic reputation, strengthened its faculty, and expanded 
its physical plant. 

Increasing national demands for higher education following World War II 
prompted another significant step in the growth of the institution. In 1948, the 
junior college became Lycoming College, a four-year degree-granting college 
of liberal arts and sciences. 

The College has enjoyed the support and stabilizing influence of The United 
Methodist Church for more than a century. During most of that period the 
corporate stock of this institution was owned by the Preachers' Aid Society of 
the Central Pennsylvania Conference. In 1970 all corporate stock was trans- 
ferred to a self-perpetuating Board of Trustees of Lycoming College. 

Lycoming is approved to grant baccalaureate degrees by the Pennsylvania 
Department of Education. The College is accredited by the Middle States 
Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and the University Senate of 
The United Methodist Church. It is a member of the National Commission on 
Accrediting, the Association of American Colleges, the Pennsylvania Associa- 
tion of Colleges and Universities, the Commission for Independent Colleges and 
Universities, and the National Association of Schools and Colleges of The 
United Methodist Church. 

The name Lycoming is derived from an Indian word "lacomic" meaning "Great 
Stream". It is a name that has been common to north central Pennsylvania since 
colonial times. 




ADMISSIONS 



ADMISSION POLICY 

Selective admission is based on academic achievement reflected in high 
school records, class rank, and ACT or SAT scores. In addition, subjects 
studied, counselor and teacher recommendations, and other available informa- 
tion that might identify qualified candidates are considered. 

ADMISSION STANDARDS 

1. You should graduate from an approved secondary school or fulfill the 
requirements for early admission. 

2. Although a set pattern of high school subjects is not required, a strong 
program of academic subjects is recommended as the most desirable 
preparation for college. You should have a minimum of fifteen academic 
units with substantial work in the areas of English and mathematics, and 
additional work in foreign language, social studies, and science. 

3. The College Board Scholastic Aptitude Test or American College Test is 
required. Your scores are considered with other academic information. 



SELECTION PROCESS 

You should file your application between October 1st and May 1st. However, 
your application may be considered after May 1st, if space is available. 

Although it might seem, with the emphasis placed on test scores, class rank, 
and other statistical information, that numbers are all important, this premise is 
not entirely so. Much time is devoted to reading your application, personal 
recommendations, counselor's evaluations, and other available information. In 
addition, phone calls and letters are frequently exchanged in an effort to discern 
your special talents and qualities which could play an important role in your 
success as a student at Lycoming. Each candidate is carefully considered in 
a very personal way. 

The College notifies applicants of acceptance on a rolling schedule. Your 
notification letter will be sent soon after your credentials have been received. 
In some instances, it may be necessary to request your senior mid-year grades 
and senior ACT or SAT score reports. Your decision to attend Lycoming must 
be made on or before the Candidate's Reply Date of May 1st. The College 
should be notified by payment of a $1 00.00 deposit. After May 1 st, this deposit 
is non-refundable to students who fail to matriculate. For enrolling students, this 
is not an extra charge, but it is used to reserve a space at the College for the 
fall and each succeeding semester for which the student is eligible to return. 
It will be applied toward the charges of the last semester in attendance, normally 
the semester prior to graduation. When a student decides to terminate his 
enrollment at Lycoming prior to graduation, this fee will be refunded when a 
written request is made to the Registrar before the end of the student's eighth 
week of his last semester. 



6/ ADMISSIONS 

APPLICATION PROCEDURE 

1 . To apply for admission, request forms from the Director of Admissions. 

2. These items must be submitted before you are considered for admission: 

A. Completed application for admission and secondary school transcript. 

B. Fee of $15, which is a processing charge and is not refundable. 

C. Results from the American College Testing Program or the Scholastic 
Aptitude Test of the College Entrance Examination Board. 

3. You and your family are invited to visit the campus and to meet with a 
representative of the Admissions Office. You will have an opportunity to 
review your credential file, to discuss your plans, and to ask and answer 
questions. 

MEDICAL HISTORY AND PHYSICAL EXAMINATION 

Each student entering the college is required to submit a medical history record 
and a physical examination form prior to arriving on the campus. A parent or 
guardian of each student under twenty-one years of age must sign the health 
record which authorizes the college health authorities to give emergency 
medical treatment according to good medical practice. In the event an 
operation or other treatment is required for a serious accident or illness, the 
College Physician will always secure prior parental consent if the circumstances 
permit. 




ADMISSIONS I 7 



COURSE CREDIT BY EXAMINATION 

Advanced Placement 

If you are entering as a freshman, have studied an advanced course while in 
secondary school, and have taken the appropriate advanced placement 
examination of the College Entrance Examination Board, you are encouraged 
to apply for credit and advanced placement. A grade of three or above is 
generally considered to be satisfactory. 

College Level Examination Program — (CLEP) 

You may earn college credit for superior achievement on the College Level 
Examination Program (CLEP) sponsored by the College Entrance Examination 
Board. By achieving at the 75th percentile or above on the General Examina- 
tions and the 65th percentile or above on the Subject Examinations, you may 
earn up to fifty percent of the course requirements for a bachelor of arts degree. 
These examinations are administered the third week of each month at regional 
testing locations around the nation. Further information may be obtained from 
the Office of Admissions. While these examinations may be taken after 
enrollment at the College, entering freshman are encouraged to take the 
examinations of their choice during the second semester of their senior year in 
high school. If you do so, the College will have the test scores prior to your 
registration. This will assure appropriate course credit prior to your selection of 
freshman courses. 



ADVANCED STANDING BY TRANSFER 

Lycoming College recognizes college level course work you have completed 
at other institutions. You must submit official copies of transcripts from all 
institutions you have attended. Your academic standing will be based on an 
evalution of all courses taken. All courses passed, which are comparable to the 
curriculum at Lycoming, will be accepted for transfer. However, the final eight 
courses must be taken at Lycoming College. You must be in good academic 
standing with a minimum grade point average of 2.0 (C) to be considered for 
admission. 



EARLY ADMISSION 

A number of high schools have accelerated and enriched their programs to the 
degree that the advanced students may be intellectually and emotionally ready 
for the collegiate experience by the close of the junior year in high school. 
Lycoming College is willing to consider and admit these students to the 
freshman class each year. 




EARLY ADMISSION PROCEDURE 

1. Your high school counselor recommends you for early admission. 

2. Your parents approve the advancement as preferable to the senior year at 

the high school. 

3. After consulation between you, your parents, your school administrators, and 

College personnel, you complete the regular application procedure. 

4. You are admitted with full freshman standing. At the successful completion 

of your freshman year, your high school receives a grade report from the 
College. The high school then usually awards its standard diploma. 

ADMISSION AS A SPECIAL STUDENT 

Persons who wish to take one or more courses and are not regularly enrolled 
at Lycoming may apply for admission to any term as a special student. 
Application forms are available from the Admissions Office. 

PROVISIONS FOR VETERANS 

Lycoming is fully approved for the educational program for veterans under 
Federal Public Laws 550, 634, and 894. 

ADMISSIONS OFFICE 

The Admissions Office is located on the first floor of Long Hall. For an 
appointment please write or call the Admissions Office. The telephone number 
is Williamsport 717 326-1951. 

Office hours are: 

Monday through Friday 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. 

Saturday 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon 

June, July, August - 4:00 p.m. closing and no Saturday hours. 



8 



ORIENTATION 

The orientation program at Lycoming is designed to help the student entering 
college for the first time to start this new adventure under the most favorable 
circumstances. An entirely new concept of courses, class scheduling, and 
methods of instruction must be assimilated. Adjustments to this new experience 
are important. 

In order to prepare you for the beginning of this experience, Lycoming 
schedules four to six orientation sessions lasting two and one half days during 
the summer. Each new student is required to attend one of these sessions 
accompanied by at least one parent. 

The summer program makes it possible to schedule ample time for academic 
advisement, placement testing, li brary orientation, and registration. The college 
is able to work more satisfactorily with you in planning programs of study tailored 
to your vocational and academic interests. You complete all preliminaries, 
including registration, during the summer orientation period. Textbooks are 
available for purchase and perusal prior to the opening of classes in the fall. 

Information about the dates of orientation sessions and a pre-registration form 
will be mailed to you when you are confirmed at Lycoming College. 






10 



FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



EXPENSES 



Lycoming recognizes the problem of constantly increasing educational costs 
and offers a substantial program of financial aid to assist those needing help 
to attend an excellent private coeducational college. 

If you are academically qualified you should not hesitate to apply to Lycoming 
College solely because of financial need. At Lycoming, we make every effort 
to assure that qualified students are not barred due to their limited resources. 

The expenses listed below have been kept as low as possible through regular 
voluntary contributions from alumni and friends plus income from invested 
endowment funds. This gift income has permitted Lycoming to develop a well- 
qualified academic community and to continually improve its excellent facilities. 

Thus at Lycoming you will receive much more than any fees you pay would buy 
— a rare bargain in today's economy. And if our "bargain" price is still beyond 
your means, our financial aid office will assist you as much as possible, as 
outlined beginning on page 15. 

GENERAL EXPENSES FOR THE ACADEMIC YEAR 1975-1976 

The Comprehensive Fee at Lycoming is $1 ,200.00 per semester, plus special 
charges which are listed on the following pages. A residence hall room costs 
$275.00 per semester except for East Hall where an extra charge of $12.00 or 
$25.00 is charged depending on facilities provided. Board is $325.00 per 
semester. If, for justifiable reason, it is impossible for a student to eat in the 
College Dining Room, permission may be granted to make other meal 
arrangements. However, when such permission is granted, the room cost will 
be 50% higher. If you request the use of a double room as a single room, an 
available room costs 50% more than its regular rate. 

The comprehensive fee covers the regular load of three orfour unit courses each 
semester. If there should be a considerable increase inthe price of commodities 
and /or services during any semester, the College reserves the right to make 
appropriate increases in the charges for the following semester. Additional 
detailed information will be furnished by the Treasurer's Office upon request. 



11 



12 1 FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



APPLICATION FEE AND DEPOSITS 

All students applying for admissions are required to send an application fee of 
$15.00 with the application. This charge is to defray the cost of processing the 
application and maintaining academic records and it is non-refundable. 

After you are notified that you have been accepted for admission by the College, 
you are required to make a deposit of $1 00.00. This deposit is evidence of your 
good intention to matriculate and is applicable to the general charges of your 
final semester in attendance; it is not an extra fee. This deposit is not refundable 
if you fail to matriculate at Lycoming. 

All resident students are required to make an additional Room Security Deposit 
of $50.00. If, as a resident student, you are not assessed for any damage to your 
room in the residence hall, the Room Security Deposit is fully refunded when 
you no longer live in the residence hall. 

EXPENSES IN DETAIL PER SEMESTER — 1975-1976 

The College reserves the right to adjust fees at any time. 



One-Time Fees and Deposits 

Resident Students Non-Resident Students 

$ 15.00 Application Fee $ 15.00 

$ 100.00 Admission Deposit $ 100.00 

$ 50.00 Room Security Deposit 

Per Semester (1974-1975) 

$1,200.00 Comprehensive Fee $1,200.00 

$ 275.00 Room 

$ 325.00 Board 



$1,800.00 Basic Cost $1,200.00 

Fees For Part-Time Students 

Application Fee $ 15.00 

Each Unit Course $ 300.00 

Additional charges 

Fifth Unit Course $ 300.00 

Laboratory Fee per Unit Course $5.00 to $ 30.00 

Applied Music Fee (Half-Hour per Week per Semester) $ 50.00 

Practice Teaching Fee (Payable in Junior Year) $ 80.00 

Transcript Fee (No Charge for First Transcript) $ 100 

Cap and Gown (Rental at Prevailing Cost) 

R.O.T.C. Basic Course Deposit $ 30.00 

R.O.T.C. Advanced Course Deposit $ 30.00 



FINANCIAL INFORMATION! 13 



BOOKS AND SUPPLIES 

A book and supply store is conveniantly located in Wertz Student Center. The 
estimated cost ranges from $75.00 to $150.00 per year depending on the 
course of study which you pursue. 

PAYMENT OF FEES 

The basic fees for each semester are due and payable ten days before the 
beginning of that semester. 

PARTIAL PAYMENTS 

For the convenience of those who find it impossible to follow the schedule of 
payments as listed, arangements may be made with the College Treasurer for 
the monthly payment of college fees through various educational plans. 
Additional information concerning partial payments may be obtained from the 
Treasurer or Director of Admissions. 

WITHDRAWALS AND REFUNDS 

The date on which the Dean of the College approves the student's withdrawal 
form is considered the offical date of withdrawal. In the case of minors, the 
approval of the parent or guardian is required before the withdrawal is approved 
and before any refund is made. 

Room charges are fixed on a semester basis. If you leave college prior to the 
end of a semester you will not be entitled to any refund of room charges. 




14 /FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



Refund of tuition and board will be made to students who withdraw voluntarily 
from the college while in good standing and is fixed on the following basis: 
Students leaving during the first four-week period are charged thirty percent; 
during the second four weeks, sixty percent; during the third four weeks, ninety 
percent; after twelve weeks, full charge. 

Dropping a unit course from the original schedule after the first week of either 
semester will not justify any claim for refund of tuition charges. No refund will 
be made to those students who are asked to withdraw from the college. Special 
charges cannot be refunded for any reason whatever. 

PENALTY FOR NON-PAYMENT OF FEES 

You will not be registered for courses in a new semester if your account for 
previous attendance has not been settled. No grades will be issued, no diploma, 
transcript of credits, or certification of withdrawal in good standing will be 
granted to any student until a satisfactory settlement of all obligations has been 
made. 

DAMAGE CHARGES 

Wherever possible, damage to dormitory property will be charged to the person 
or persons directly responsible. Damage and breakage occurring in a room will 
be the responsibility of students occupying the room. Halls and bathroom 
damage will be the responsibility of all students of the section where damage 
occurs. Actual costs of repairs will be charged. 

ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURANCE 

As a resident student, you must purchase the Accident and Sickness Group 
Insurance Plan of the college for the academic year, unless you can present 
evidence that you are covered under some other health insurance program. 
Non-resident students may participate in the College Group Insurance Plan on 
a voluntary basis. If a resident student becomes ineligible under another plan 
because of age, he must enter the college program in the semester in which 
he loses his other coverage on a voluntary basis for all students. Information 
concerning the plan and its benefits will be sent to students during the summer. 




FINANCIAL AID 



In considering the financing of your college education both the expenses 
involved and the various methods of meeting them should be considered 
simultaneously. At Lycoming, if you need financial aid, a generous program of 
assistance can help to lower your out-of-pocket cost significantly. 

Since you will be the primary beneficiary of your higher education, we feel you 
should assume part of the responsibility for paying your college expenses. You 
can do this by saving, working, and borrowing. We expect you to make every 
effort to obtain financial support from such outside sources as state and local 
grants, company scholarships for employee's children, and other funds you 
may be eligible to receive. 

A student's parents are often an important source of financial help. Some 
families of modest means can give only moral support, but most also can give 
substantial financial help. We are eager to help you and your parents to meet 
your educational expenses at Lycoming but expect each family to pay as much 
as it can reasonably afford and at least as much as other families in similar 
financial curcumstances. 

The establishment of need is the controlling factor in determining the amount 
of any financial aid. A scholarship may be awarded on the basis of financial 
need and academic ability, while a grant is given on the basis of financial need 
alone. Long term, low cost educational loans are available to most students who 
need them from Federal and State sources. If your academic standing is 
satisfactory, a portion of your college expenses can be earned by part-time 
work. 

Financial need is determined by deducting what you and your parents can 
reasonably contribute toward your education from the actual cost of attending 
Lycoming College. You are eligible to be considered for financial aid up to the 
part of the cost which it is impossible for you to provide. Your family's total 
financial situation is judged. Not only gross income and net assets are 
considered, but also the number of dependent children, unusual medical 
expenses, marital status of parents, brothers or sisters attending college, and 
other pertinent data. 

To apply for financial assistance, obtain the "Parents Confidential Statement" 
form from your high school guidance counselor or the Financial Aid Office at 
Lycoming. Submit the completed "Parents Confidential Statement" to the 
College Scholarship Service, P.O. Box 1 76, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, at the 
earliest convenient date. 



15 



16 1 FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



SCHOLARSHIPS 

A number of scholarships are awarded to freshman applicants who are in the 
top fifth of their high school class and have a combined score over 1 200 in the 
College Entrance Board Tests. The scholarships range from $300 to full tuition 
depending upon the student's financial need. These scholarships are renewed 
each year if the student maintains a 3.0 cumulative average and financial need 
continues. There are a number of Freshman Recognition Scholarships of 
$500.00 each awarded to applicants who have superior academic quali- 
fications but do not demonstrate any financial need. These scholarships are 
only for the student's first year at Lycoming. 

GRANTS-IN-AID 

For worthy students who can not qualify for scholarships, Lycoming has an 
extensive program of grants-in-aid up to full tuition. Awards are based on 
demonstrated need and the prospect of the student contributing positively to 
the college community. Renewal requires continued financial need, main- 
tenance of satisfactory academic and citizenship standards, and participation 
in college activities. 




FINANCIAL INFORMATION! 17 



MINISTERIAL GRANTS-IN-AID 

Each applicant for a ministerial grant-in-aid should complete the College 
Scholarship Service form. If there is demonstrated need for more financial 
assistance than a ministerial grant-in-aid will provide, additional types of aid will 
be considered. The ministerial grant-in-aid will be part of a total award to meet 
a demonstrated need — it will not be given in addition to awards which will meet 
established needs. 

Children of Minsters of the Central Pennsylvania Annual Conference of The 
United Methodist Church receive grants equal to one-third of the charges for 
tuition. 

Children of Ministers of other Annual Conferences of The United Methodist 
Church and of other denominations receive grants equal to one-fourth of the 
charges for tuition. 

Students preparing for the Christian ministry receive grants equal to one-fourth 
of the charges for tuition. They must satisfactorily complete the application for 
pre-ministerial discount, file an application for financial aid, and demonstrate 
financial need. 




18 /FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



FEDERAL BASIC EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY GRANTS (BEOG) 

The Educational Amendments of 1972 established this new program of basic 
grants up to $1 ,400.00 per year for full time students which are granted on the 
basis of financial need. Separate application to the Federal government is 
required. These applications are available from high school guidance offices 
and from the Financial Aid Office. All students should apply for the BEOG 
program. 

FEDERAL SUPPLEMENTAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY 
GRANTS (SEOG) 

This is a Federal program to provide additional assistance to those students with 
heavy financial need. Awards are made of $200.00 to $1 ,500.00 and are based 
entirely on financial need. Renewal is available if the applicant has no reduction 
in financial need in succeeding years. 

FEDERAL NATIONAL DIRECT STUDENT LOANS (NDSL) 

Federal loan funds are available under the National Defense Education Act of 
1958. Loans up to $1,000.00 per year are granted on the basis of academic 
promise and demonstrated need. Repayment does not begin until after 
graduation or withdrawal. Loans are normally renewed yearly if the applicant 
files a renewal application by May 1st. 

FEDERAL COLLEGE WORK-STUDY GRANTS (CWSP) 

An opportunity is provided for students to earn some part of their College 
expenses and gain some practical experience from working on campus or in 
selected off-campus programs. The Federal income guidelines must be met to 
be eligible for work-study awards. There are opportunities for campus em- 
ployment for those students who can not meet the Federal guidelines but who 
desire employment; these students should file an application with the Place- 
ment Office. ' 



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FINANCIAL INFORMATION/ 19 



OTHER SOURCES OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE 



STATE GRANTS 

All applicants for financial aid are strongly urged to investigate programs 
sponsored Py their home state and to apply before the deadline. Pennsylvania 
applicants should apply for state aid before the deadline (normally January 
30th) during their senior year in high school. See your guidance counselor or 
write: P.H.E.A.A., Towne House, Harrisburg, Pa. 17102. 



STATE GUARANTEED LOANS 

Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and most other states provide state 
guaranteed loans through local banks. This program provides long-term loans 
for educational expenses with repayments over an extended, liberal payment 
schedule. See your own bank early for information. 

COMMUNITY SCHOLARSHIPS 

In many communities there are local groups and foundations which provide 
funds to help worthy students. High school awards are often available. Your 
guidance counselor and principal are the best sources of information. 

EDUCATION FINANCING PLANS 

In addition to direct financial aid described above, the Business Office or the 
Financial Aid Office will provide information, upon request, about plans enabling 
parents to pay college expenses on a monthly basis through selected 
companies. 

RESERVE OFFICERS TRAINING CORPS (ROTC) SCHOLARSHIPS 

Students participating in the Army ROTC program are eligible forthree, two, and 
one year ROTC scholarships to finance tuition, books, lab fees, etc., with the 
exception of room and board. Scholarship students also receive $100.00 per 
month during the academic year. 

RESERVE OFFICERS TRAINING CORPS (ROTC) PROGRAM 

Students participating in the Army ROTC program receive $100.00 per 
academic month of their junior and senior years. They also receive half a second 
lieutenant's pay plus travel expenses for a six-week advanced summer camp 
between their junior and senior years. 

Additional information concerning financial aid can be obtained by writing to the 
Financial Aid Office, Lycoming College, Williamsport, Pa. 17701. 





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21 



CAMPUS LIFE 



STUDENT ACTIVITIES 



The college considers one of its responsibilities to be the encouragment of as 
many different activities as are necessary to provide all students with the 
opportunity to participate constructively in this area of student life. Departmental 
clubs; athletics, both intercollegiate and intramural; varied interest groups such 
as clubs, choir, band; social organizations; social activities; self-governing 
groups; and many informal associations are important in a well-integrated 
program of student activities. 

STUDENT ASSOCIATION OF LYCOMING COLLEGE 

The Student Association of Lycoming College is the channel through which 
students communicate with fellow students, administrators, and faculty. SALC 
is the representative voice of all students and the group which the College 
recognizes as the spokesman for students. The SALC can be a forum where 
student concerns, needs, desires, and grievances can be discussed and 
effectively communicated to the administration and faculty. 

The primary concern of SALC is the promotion of student involvement in 
college concerns. As one responsibility of SALC, its president appoints 
students to appropriate student/faculty and administrative committees and 
councils. They have the same individual voting privileges as faculty and 
administrators. Any interested student is eligible for appointment to these 
committees which play an important role in the functioning of the College. 

STUDENT UNION 

The Student Union Board is an advisory and functional group of students who 
work with an associate dean of students who helps develop the activity and 
social program. Students are selected for membership on the Board by 
indicating their interest in the program. 

The Board's services to the campus include poster making and publicity, a 
travel service, social programs, dances, lectures, concerts, picnics, films, 
tournaments, recreational activities, bridge, life-saving courses, coffee-hours, 
and intercollegiate events. 

22 




CAMPUS CLUBS AND ORGANIZATIONS 

A variety of organizations on the campus provide opportunities for social and 
intellectual growth. These groups are organized and conducted by students in 
cooperation with faculty sponsors or advisors. 



Some of the groups are: the Student P 
teachers current information on the 
problems of education; The Varsity 
promotes college spirit in sports; the 
business administration; the French, 
which study the language and the life 
United Nations Society; the Practica 
Associated Women Students. 



S.E.A. — N.E.A., which gives prospective 
teaching field and an insight into the 
Club, composed of lettermen, which 
Business Club for students majoring in 
German, Russian, and Spanish Clubs, 
and culture of the countries; the Model 
Politics Society; political clubs, and the 



COLLEGE PUBLICATIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS 

The Bell, offical student newspaper, is published weekly and is devoted to 
interests of the student body, reporting current campus events. 

The Arrow, college yearbook, is published in August and presents a record of 
student life during the previous academic year. 

The Guidepost, published annually by the Student Association and Office of 
Student Services, is a handbook of policies, regulations, and other information. 

The Residence Halls Handbook is published annually by the Office of Student 
Services and provides information about residence hall facilities, activities, 
governance, rules, and regulations. 

NOTE: Both the Guidepost and the Residence Hall Handbook are important 
statements of official College policy and regulations which you will receive 
before you are required to confirm your acceptance of the College's offer of 
admission. 

The Academic Bulletin is published periodically by the Dean of the College to 
keep students, faculty, and administrators informed of academic affairs. 



23 



24 I CAMPUS LIFE 



The Lycoming, eight newspaper and two magazine editions yearly, informs 
alumni and friends about Lycoming. Students and faculty contribute articles. 

The Campus Radio Station, WLCR, broadcasts on a wired circuit to all residence 
halls. It is operated daily from 8 a.m. to 2 a.m., except Sunday when it is on the 
air on a more limited schedule. 



FINE ARTS ACTIVITIES 

The Arena Theatre stages many productions throughout the year. You have an 
opportunity to enjoy serious drama, comedies, readings, recitals, and even 
marionette productions, or you can participate — from acting through all the 
behind-the-scene activities. 

Musical organizations at Lycoming offer to vocalists and instrumentalists alike 
a fine opportunity to learn by doing. There are several choral groups and 
instrumental ensembles offering every able student the chance to participate 
both on the campus and on tour. 

If you are interested in art you can work in many mediums. Many professional 
artists, lecturers, and performers exhibit and appear on campus and in the area. 



FRATERNITIES 

Six Greek fraternities provide male students with the advantages of national 
fraternities. Activities of Kappa Delta Rho, Sigma Pi, Lambda Chi Alpha, Theta 
Chi, Alpha Sigma Phi, and Tau Kappa Epsilon are coordinated by I.F.C. 



INTERCOLLEGIATE SPORTS 

The college offers an attractive program of intercollegiate athletics and 
encourages wide participation by its students. It is a member of the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association, the Eastern Collegiate Athletic Conference, and 
the Northern Division of the Middle Atlantic Conference. Lycoming annually 
meets some of the top-ranking small college teams in the East in athletic 
competition. Contests are scheduled in football, soccer, basketball, wrestling, 
swimming, tennis, golf, and track. 



INTRAMURAL ATHLETICS 

An extensive and diversified program of intramural athletic competition affords 
an opportunity to participate in one or more sports of your choice. 

Sports include touch football, basketball, volleyball, table tennis, golf, badmin- 
ton, tennis, softball, wrestling, horseshoes, bowling, track and field, archery, 
and field hockey. Both men's and women's teams and competitions are 
available in most of these intramural sports. 




25 



26 1 CAMPUS LIFE 



STUDENT SERVICES 



The Office of Student Services is concerned with various aspects of your 
development. The staff consists of the Dean of Student Services and four 
assistant deans, each of whom live on campus and are available for counseling 
and advising students with individual problems. In addition, each staff member 
is responsible for specific assignments such as: Religious Activities, Health 
Service, Organizational Life, Student Activities, the Student Union, Housing, 
Special Programs, Career Counseling and Placement. 



PERSONAL COUNSELING 

The Dean of Student Services and his assistants provide advisement and 
counseling for students with emotional and adjustment problems. Each member 
of the staff is qualified to give assistance of a non-therapeutic type. A 
psychiatrist serves as a consultant to the staff and is available for evaluation of 
students who may be in need of professional services. Continuing therapy is 
available only through referral to public agencies and private clinicians in the 
community. When a student uses the services of a private clinician he is 
responsible for the payment of his own fees. 

In addition to counseling on personal problems, vocational advisement and 
limited testing services are provided by the Student Services Office staff. 



HEALTH SERVICE 

The College maintains an out-patient service, located in Rich Hall, which is 
staffed with a registered nurse five days a week from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 
When the Health Service is closed, emergency care is available at the 
Williamsport Hospital Emergency Room through the Emergency Care Physi- 
cians Association. The College pays the emergency room charge and the ECPA 
physician's fee for illness only. The student is responsible for other charges. 

The College physician is available from 11:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon Monday 
through Friday at the Health Service and on call at other hours through the 
nurses. Normal medical treatment by the Health Service staff at the College 
Health Service is free of charge. However, special medications, x-rays, surgery, 
care of major accidents, immunizations, examinations for glasses, physician's 
visits other than in the Health Service, referrals for treatment by specialists, and 
special nursing service, etc., are not included in the free health service, except 
as provided by the ECPA at the hospital when the Health Service is closed. The 
student must pay for a visit to the doctor's private office. 



STUDY SKILLS PROGRAM 

A series of professionally directed study-skills sessions are scheduled as the 
need arises. Groups of six to ten students are enrolled for a series of four one- 
hour sessions. These include sessions on reading skills, test-taking, note- 
taking, psychological blocks to studying, etc. 



CAMPUS LIFE 1 27 



READING IMPROVEMENT COURSE 

A course designed to improve reading skills is offered at various times during 
the academic year. Skilled insturctors teach how to improve reading speed and 
comprehension in short courses which span a three-week period. If you are 
deficient in reading skills, you may sign up for this course on a voluntary basis. 
The charge is $15.00. Information is sent to students during the summer. 



CAREER DEVELOPMENT CENTER 

Through the provision of information and counseling, the Career Development 
Center at Lycoming helps you to better understand and determine career 
objectives. With greater insight into your academic and career goals you may 
broaden the career opportunities open to you after graduation. You also can 
receive help securing part-time, summer, and post-graduate employment. 



RESIDENCE AND RESIDENCE HALLS 

If you are a single student and do not reside at home you are required to live 
in the college residence halls and eat your meals in the college dining room. 
Requests for exceptions must be submitted in writing to the Associate Dean of 
Student Services-Housing. 

If you do not have permission to live off-campus, you must sign a room 
agreement form, agreeing to observe the rules and regualtions for resident 
students. An agreement form will be sent to you following your acceptance. 
Upperclassmen receive the agreements and rules and regulations each Spring. 

Because of the inability of the College to predict enrollment by sex, it is 
necessary to keep assignments of halls as flexible as possible. No hall is 
specifically assigned to women or men on other than a year to year basis. 

Resident students are responsible for the condition of their room and its 
furnishings. The College reserves the right to enter and inspect any of its 
property, or the property of a room resident for reasons of damage, health, 
safety, or to determine whether violation of its rules or the law are taking place 
or have occurred. Charges will be assessed for damages to rooms, doors, 
furniture, and commonly used areas. 

Resident students are expected to vacate their rooms during the vacation 
periods when the halls are closed and not later than twenty-four hours following 
their last examinations, except for graduating seniors. 

Regulations regarding quiet hours for study may be established by the 
appropriate residence hall councils and are published in the Residence Halls 
Handbook and on the bulletin boards in the halls. 

Room visitation by members of the opposite sex is permitted in the halls only 
under conditions which are established by the College in cooperation with the 
various residence hall governing groups which share responsibility for regu- 
lations and are organized each fall before visitation privileges begin. 






28 









HHll 



■ 



I 





STANDARDS OF CONDUCT 

The College expects all of its students to accept the responsibility required of 
citizens in a free democratic society. The rules and regulations of the College 
are designed to protect the rights of every member of the community against 
encroachment by individuals. The limitations which are imposed upon the 
activities of individuals are established for the common good of the entire 
college community. 

Students who are unable to demonstrate that they can accept this responsibility 
or are antagonistic to the spirit and general purpose of the College, or fail to 
abide by the regulations established by the College may be dismissed or 
requested to leave the College at any time. Further, at the end of any term or 
semester the College may deny a student the privilege of attending any 
subsequent term or semester when the administration deems this to be in the 
best interest of the College. In addition to the regulations published here, 
specific rules are furnished each student in the Guidepost. 

The consumption or possession of alcoholic beverages on campus or at any 
offical college function is prohibited. Detailed information regarding the laws of 
the Commorrwealth of Pennsylvania are published in the Guidepost. 

Lycoming does not condone the illegal use of drugs by its students. A detailed 
statement of the policy on drugs is published in the Guidepost. 

Cheating, lying, and stealing are totally inconsistent with Lycoming standards. 
Although the acceptance and observance of the standards of behavior 
expected by the College is an individual responsibility it is a group responsibility 
as well. It is incumbent on all Lycoming students that they attempt to influence 
their peers to conduct themselves honorably for the collective good. 

It is assumed that a willingness to accept these restrictions is implicit in the 
acceptance of membership in the Lycoming College community. When you are 
admitted to Lycoming you will receive a copy of the Guidepost and a copy of 
the Residence Halls Handbook if you will live in a College residence. 

Both documents are important statements of offical College policy, rules, and 
regulations which are part of the contractual agreement which you enter into 
when you register as a student at Lycoming. 



30 



RELIGIOUS LIFE 

Lycoming College provides you with many opportunities to mature in your faith 
through voluntary participation in the religious life of the campus. 

Faculty and students express their religious convictions through membership 
and participation in nearly thirty Protestant denominations as well as the Roman 
Catholic and Hebrew faiths. Significant opportunities are offered to every 
student for the voluntary expression of this religious faith. 

A varied religious life program is maintained as needs arise. The Campus 
Church conducts worship services each Sunday and at other times such as 
Holy Week. The services of worship are planned and conducted by students 
and include the use of outside speakers as well as our own faculty and students. 
The worship committee is appointed by the Campus Church Council; the 
governing body is elected by the Campus Church. The mission of the Campus 
Church is activated by the Campus Church Council through activities such as 
retreats, service projects, and study groups. 

A part-time Roman Catholic chaplain assists the activities of the Newman Club 
and maintains office hours in Clarke Chapel for counseling purposes. Mass is 
celebrated on campus each Sunday. 

Interfaith activities are carried out through special committees in consultation 
with the Roman Catholic chaplain and other interested persons. 




31 




32 





THIS IS LYCOMING 

Lycoming is a coeducational liberal arts college with a student body of 1,500, 
approximately 900 men and 600 women. A United Methodist related institution, 
Lycoming is open to students regardless of their religious, racial, or national 
backgrounds. 

At Lycoming it is believed that a liberal arts education is the best hope for an 
enlightened citizenry and that vocational and professional specialization must 
be built on a broad acquaintance with the various disciplines. Programs are 
arranged within a liberal arts framework so that all students study the 
humanities, sciences, and social sciences. 

Beyond the level of general education, the College stresses the pursuit of a 
major. This presses you to achieve competency in a more limited area and 
encourages greater depth and sense of academic achievement. The major 
relates to increased understanding of yourself and your world; it leads both to 
graduate school and to vocation. Majors are not confined to single departments 
of the College; increasingly they are interdepartmental in nature, thus permitting 
the student a wider range of experience in related fields. 

LOCATION 

Lycoming College, in scenic North Central Pennsylvania ninety miles north of 
Harrisburg, is set upon a slight prominence near downtown Williamsport 
overlooking the beautiful West Branch Valley of the Susquehanna River. Greater 
Williamsport, with a population of 85,000, is within 200 miles of Washington, 
Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, Syracuse, Rochester, Buffalo, and Pit- 
tsburgh. It is easily accessible by bus, airline, and automobile. Interstate 80 
passes fifteen miles south of Williamsport; U.S. Routes 15 and 220 come 
through the city. 

CAMPUS LIFE 

A full program of cultural, professional, athletic, and social activities is an 
integral part of college life at Lycoming. You can find outlets for your talents, 
interests, and abilities among the numerous student organizations — fraternities, 
departmental clubs and honorary societies, student government, publications, 
and a comprehensive varsity and intramural sports program — each abounding 
in opportunities for student participation. Student Council, The Campus Church, 
Student Union Board, and other campus organizations bring in a variety of talent 
and speakers. 



33 




*^p 



t>* - 



ft? 






36 /LYCOMING CAMPUS 



RESIDENTIAL 

1. North Hall (1965) - 146 students in two-room suites with bath. 

4. East Hall (1962) - Houses chapters of national fraternities and other students. The fraternity units, 
distinct self-contained, provide dormitory facilities, lounge, and a chapter room for each group. 
All students share a large social area on the ground floor. 

5. Forrest Hall (1968) - 92 students in two-room suites wi th bath. Honors Dr. and Mrs. Fletcher Bliss 
Forrest and Anna Forrest Burfiendt '30, the parents and sister of Katherine Forrest Mathers '28 
whose generosity established the memorial. 

6. Crever Hall (1962) -126 students in two-room suites with bath. Honors the College's founder and 
first financial agent, Rev. Benjamin H. Crever, who helped persuade the Baltimore Conference 
to purchase the institution from the Williamsport Town Council in 1848. 

8. Wesley Hall (1956) - 144 students. Honors the Founder of Methodism. 

9. Rich Hall (1948) - 126 students in two-room suites with bath. Honors the Rich family of Woolrich, 
Pennsyl vania. Houses the college health service and the Sara J. Walter non-residents lounge. 

11. Asbury Hall (1962) - 154 students. Honors Bishop Francis Asbury, the father of the United 
Methodist Church in America, who made the circuit through the upper "Susquehanna District" in 
1812, the year the Williamsport Academy (now Lycoming) opened its doors. 

18. Skeath Hall (1965) - 184 students. Honors the Late J. Milton Skeath, professor of psychology and 
four-time dean of the institution from 1921 to 1967. 

ACADEMIC 

The Academic Center (1968) 

12. Laboratories and Arena Theatre - Language, business, mathematics, and physics laboratories; 
Detwiler Planetarium ; 204 seat thrust-stage arena theatre; 90 seat Alumni Lecture Hall. 

13. Faculty Office Building - 69 faculty offices, seminar rooms, 735 seat lecture hall. 

14. Wendle Hall - Spacious Pennington Lounge is an informal meeting place for students and faculty. 
Psychology laboratories, 20 classrooms. 

15. Library - Can accommodate 700 students in a variety of study and reading situations, has a 
capacity of 250,000 volumes, computer center, audio-visual center. 

2 Art Center (1965) - Studios and art gallery. 

3. Fine Arts Building (1940) - Music studios and individual practice rooms. 

19. Eveland Hall (1912) - Sculpture and art studios. 

21. Science Building (1957) - Chemistry and biology lecture rooms, laboratories, offices. 

CHAPELS 

17. Clarke Chapel (1939) - Worship services and other events in auditorium, classrooms and faculty 

offices on ground floor. 
10. Conner Memorial Chapel -On the ground floor of Long Hall. Honors Benjamin C. Conner president 

of Williamsport Dickinson Seminary 1913-1921. 

ADMINISTRATION 

10. John W. Long Hall (1951) - College administration offices: President, College Deans, Treasurer, 
Registrar, Admissions, Alumni Affairs, Public Relations, Career Development Center, Publications, 
Development, and Financial Aid. Reception area, central communications, duplicating and bulk 
mail services, Conner Memorial Chapel. 

RECREATION 

7. Wertz Student Center (1959) -Dining room, Burchfield Lounge, recreation area, game room, music 
room, book store, post office, and student organization offices. Honors Bishop D. Frederick Wertz, 
president of Lycoming from 1955 until 1968. 

16. Gymnasium (1923) - Basketball and other courts, swimming pool, bowling alleys, physical 
education office. 






^' N ■ 







SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



The changing nature of American education finds greater emphasis than ever 
before upon the development of significant opportunities for self-fulfillment 
among students. Pertinent educational goals demand that you should be 
accorded an opportunity to pursue a program that offers you the best chance 
to realize your intellectual potential. It is for this reason, that Lycoming has 
developed a curriculum that allows a maximum flexibility in course selection, 
especially among those courses that support the major as well as tose that 
effectively meet the requirements of the College's objectives in liberal educa- 
tion. But wide variety in course selection does not always allow as completely 
individualistic a program as one might wish. Therefore, a variety of special 
opportunities is provided. 

LYCOMING COLLEGE SCHOLAR PROGRAM 

The Lycoming Scholar Program offers highly motivated students an opportuni- 
ty to develop their full potential through a flexible and demanding academic 
program. Persons with the following qualities would most likely benefit from this 
unique program: 

Highly intellectual ability initially indicated by a class standing normally in the 
upper fifteen percent and combined SAT scores of approximately 1150 or 
higher; 

Intellectual curiosity, motivation, imagination, creativity, and a desire for 
excellence; 

Sufficient independence of mind to plan and execute a unique personal 
academic program which best uses the resources of the College; 

Commitment to the value of intellectual dialogue. 

SCHOLAR OPPORTUNITIES 

The following opportunities are designed to be helpful to Lycoming Scholars in 
achieving the stated objective of the program. 

The Scholar Council will relax the established distribution requirements while 
maintaining the breadth of a liberal arts education. The program for the 
individual Scholar is to be tailored by the Scholar and his academic consultant 
based upon an assessment of the student's previous attainments and his 
needs. This is subject to approval by the Lycoming Scholar Council. 

Scholars may take a fifth course in any semester, and, unlike other students, 
Scholars may take an unlimited number of Studies and Honors courses. The 
present fee to Scholars for the fifth course is $50.00. 

Lycoming Scholars — either singly or in groups — are encouraged to petition the 
Council, in writing, for funds to undertake special educational projects 
involving extra expenses, such as taking trips or bringing in special speakers. 
Students applying for such funds are expected to make the results of their 
investigations available to the Scholar community, and, if possible to the 
college at large. 

38 



SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES I 39 



Due to the composition of the Scholar Council, Scholars have a greater voice 
in determining the nature of their education than is possible in the college as 
a whole. 

Evidence of participation in the Lycoming Scholar Program will be noted on the 
Scholar's transcript and diploma. A brief description of the program will be a 
part of the transcript. 

At the request of the Scholar, the Coincil will endorse, for graduate school and 
other post-baccalaureate endeavors, those Scholars who have met the 
objective of the Program. 

ADMISSION TO THE PROGRAM 

Scholars may be chosen by the Council while in their last year of secondary 
education, before actual matriculation at Lycoming. Their potential for meeting 
the objective of the Program will be measured by a variety of means. Among 
them are interviews with Scholars and faculty members, and written responses 
to essay questions. 

Scholars also may be chosen from the current Lycoming student body after 
their first year of study. Requirements include: (a) a letter of application, (b) 
letters of recommendation from two faculty members who are not on the 
Council, plus optional letters from present Scholars, and (c) an interview with 
members of the Council. Important factors in granting membership are the 
student's intellectual motivation, independence, desire to participate, and 
academic progress to date which is normally indicated by an average of 3.25 
for two consecutive semesters. February 1st is designated as the deadline for 
application. 

SCHOLAR RESPONSIBLILITES 

During their first year in the Program, all Scholars are on a probationary status. 
They are required to participate in a First-Year Seminar. Following successful 
completion of their probationary period, scholars will be formally admitted to 
the Program. 

Any Scholar may be asked by the Council to leave the Program if he or she is 
judged not to be making satisfactory progress toward meeting, its objective. If 
the academic average of the Scholar drops below a 3.00, the Council will look 
into the matter, but lower grades in themselves need not result in dismissal 
from the Program; of far more interest is the overall quality of the student's 
work. 

During their last year at Lycoming, Scholars are required to participate in a 
Senior Seminar. In these Seminars each student will report on a Studies or 
Honors project taken during the Junior or Senior year. 

All Scholars will have an academic consultant from the faculty to assist them 
in utilizing the potentialities of the Program. Together with the consultant, the 
Scholar must submit a brief plan of study to the Council at each registration 
period. 

Scholars are expected to create academic programs which emphasize depth- 
of-study in a major area combined with a breadth of inquiry into other areas. 
Scholars also are expected to particpate in the activities of the Program. 
Achievement of the Scholar Program objective depends upon the continual 
refinement of a program through faculty-student interaction and dialogue on 
policies, procedures, and activities. To this end, the Scholar Council, which is 



40 1 SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



charged with administering the program, is composed of four students elected 
by their peers, four faculty members, and the Dean of the College, all with 
equal vote. 

By presenting this highly flexible curriculum, Lycoming College opens the door 
to students who are motiviated to remain intellectually creative. If you qualify 
for this special program and wish to be considered, Lycoming invites your 
inquiry. 



PART-TIME STUDENT OPPORTUNITIES 



EXPERIMENTAL AUDIT 

As a special service to the community it serves, Lycoming offers any person 
within commuting distance of the College an opportunity to try higher 
education at a minimal cost through its Experimental Audit Program. Anyone 
may take one course on an audit basis (no credit) — free. You can take 
advantage of this opportunity, once, simply by paying the $15.00 Application 
Fee, if you have never paid it before. No tuition will be charged; you will be 
responsible for any special charges such as lab fees, material costs, transpor- 
tation, etc. when special charges are normally made for the course. 

At the registration for any session you may enroll in a particular course and be 
accepted for that course at the end of the registration period if the class has 
not been filled. 

Currently enrolled students may also take advantage of the Experimental Audit 
Program, once without charge. The course will not be counted in any way 
toward graduation requirements, affect any charges due, nor have any 
bearing on your status as a full or part-time student. 

REGULAR AUDIT 

Any person may audit a course at Lycoming at one-half the tuition for one part- 
time course. Any lab fees and other extra costs must be paid. Credit may not 
be given for an audited course. An experimental or regular audit course can. 
not be converted to a credit course after the drop-add period for the semester 
the course is taken. No exams or papers are required of students auditing a 
course, but individual arrangements may be made to participate in these 
activities with the consent of the instructor. 

SPECIAL STUDENT (Part-Time for Credit) 

Any person may take up to two courses during any semester (one only in May 
Term). A part-time special student pays the $15.00 Application Fee only the 
first time he registers and pays the part-time rate in effect when he takes the 
course. Three or more courses a semester constitute a full-time schedule and 
the student must first be accepted by the Admissions Office as a regular 
student subject to full-time student fees and procedures. 



^ ^"*w 




40B I SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



SPECIALLY DESIGNED COURSES 



Lycoming is eager to serve the special educational needs which arise in the 
community. Short courses, institutes, workshops, special semesters, and long- 
term training programs to fill the specific needs of any interested group can be 
designed on a credit or non-credit basis. They can be given on or off campus. 
For more information contact the Dean of the College. 



SPECIAL PROGRAMS 



MAY TERM 

Each year a unique May Term is designed to offer a challenging array of 
special courses. Some of the four-week courses offer study and projects on 
campus, others involve nearby, distant, or foreign travel, and several encom- 
pass interdisciplinary credit. Many are non-traditional in content. 

In its third year as a unique opportunity at Lycoming, May Term 1974 again 
provided students with a challenging array of fifty-five specially designed 
courses for the four-week term. As in the previous very successful May Terms, 
many non-traditional courses had been designed with such diverse topics as 
construction of Appalachian folk stringed instruments, black music, coaching 
of athletics, film, folklore, hypnosis, jewelry, Shamanism, Sylvia Plath, and 
woodworking. 

Newly designed courses had such titles as "Accounting for Non-profit 
Organizations", "Food Service", "Physiological and Psychological Aspects of 
Color", "Effective Communication", "The Russo-German War, 1941-45" and 
"Philosophical Issues in Literature". Other new offerings included "Electronics 
for the Amateur Audiophiles", "An Introduction to Discrete Probability", 
Christianity and African Culture", "Basic Research Methods in Psychology 
Research Instrumentation", and "Holy Sites and Religious Topics". 

Back by popular demand for the third May Term were "Accounting Opinions 
of the APB-FASB", "Managing the Small Business", "Field Ornithology", 
"Modern Archeological Research", "History of Utopias in America", 
"Speleology", and "Urban Confrontation". 

A number of May Term courses were conducted off -campus both in the United 
States and abroad. "London in May" explored the arts again with attendance 
at plays, concerts, operas, and ballets plus meetings with performers, 
conductors, directors, actors, and teachers and tours of galleries, museums, 
and other points of interest. The third "Cultural Tour of the U.S.S.R." again 
enabled students to experience Russian culture in visits to Moscow, Lenin- 
grad, Novgorod, Kiev, Lvov, and Budapest, as well as Denmark, Finland and 
West Germany. Courses also were conducted in Spain, France, Ireland, and 
East Germany. The "Introduction to Marine Biology and Biological Oceano- 
graphy" course was again based at the Bermuda Biological Station for 
Research, St. Georges. New York, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia were 
some of the states students studied in during May Term. 



SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 1 41 



The tri-cultural community of North Central New Mexico was home again for 
the "Field Experience in Sociology-Anthropology" group as they combined 
curtural anthropological and sociological field methods to learn how to analyze 
a community in depth. "The Washington Minimester: A Course in Practical 
Politics" analyzed the workings of our national government first-hand by 
meeting people working on all levels within and tangential to the government. 

Several courses of particlar interest to future teachers or those working for 
certification were available in the May Term. The education department offered 
"The Psychology and Teaching of Reading in the Elementary Schools", 
"Teaching Reading Skills in Secondary Schools", and "Open Classroom 
Education". "Mathematics for the Elementary Teacher" was offered by the 
math department, while the psychology department had "Social Psychology" 
and "Educational Psychology". 

May Term classes, which started on May 6th and continued daily until May 
31st, met at 9:00 a.m. or 1:00 p.m. unless scheduled to meet on some 
"arranged" basis. Costs were: Tuition for one (unit) course — $150.00, Room 
— $50.00, Board — $75.00. 

STUDENT ENRICHMENT SEMESTER 

To expand academic and life opportunities for its students and to increase 
their chances to participate in specialized programs and courses not available 
at the home institution, Lycoming will be a part of the Student Enrichment 
Semester (SES) program which is to be operational by September 1975. 
Expected to join Lycoming in the program are Bloomsburg, Bucknell, Mans- 
field, Susquehanna, and Williamsport Area Community College. 




42 /SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



In your upperclass years, beyond freshman, you will be able to enroll for credit 
as a full-time student, normally for one term, at any co-operating institution. 
Each SES college will stipulate which of its courses and programs will be open 
to SES students. Lycoming will approve the courses, programs, and credits 
according to its own policies and procedures. 

As an SES student, you will remain fully enrolled in your degree program at 
Lycoming and will simultaneously enroll, on a full-time basis, at the host 
institution according to its definition of full-time enrollment. You will be subject 
to the rules and regulations of the host institution while there. It will extend all 
opportunities and benefits to you, as an SES student, that it provides for its own 
students, such as library, housing, meals, cultural activities, student organiza- 
tions and activities, except where legal constraints provide otherwise. You will 
not be eligible for financial aid from any host institution. 

SES students will pay tuition to Lycoming according to prevailing policies, 
including charges and deferred payment plans. Applicable non-tuition fees, 
such as room and board charges and student activities fees, will be paid to the 
host college. 

INDEPENDENT STUDY 

Each department granting a major provides opportunity to students to work 
independently. Upon consent of the department head and the instructor, you 
may register for courses in Independent Study. Normally, the opportunity for 
such study is provided for the better qualified major student who has 
successfully completed the courses making up the core of his major program. 
Except under unusual circumstances, registration for the Studies course is 
limited to one unit course during each semester. If you wish to elect more than 
one unit during a semester or three or more unit courses in Studies in your total 
college program, approval of the Accademic Standing Committee must be 
secured. If you are privileged to do Independent Study you register for courses 
80-89, Studies. An appropriate title is entered in your record. 

SEMINAR STUDY 

Individual departments may from time to time find it possible to organize small 
classes or seminars for exceptional students interested in subjects or topics not 
usually a part of departmental course offerings. Establishment of the seminar 
and admission of students depends upon the approval of the department 
involved. Occasionally, Visiting Professors, Lecturers, or Specialists in Resi- 
dence will offer such seminar studies. Students who are privileged to elect 
Seminar Study in any department register for courses numbered 70-79, Studies, 
with an appropriate title to be entered upon the student's permanent record. 
Enrollment in seminar courses is normally limited to ten students. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

If you desire to enter an Honors program and secure departmental approval to 
apply, a faculty committee shall be convened whose initial responsibility shall 
be to pass upon your eligibility to enter the program. The committee responsi- 
bility shall also include the direction of the study, and final evaluation of its worth. 
Usually the Honors program involves independent study in two consecutive unit 
courses. Students who are privileged to elect Honors register for courses 
numbered 90-99. 



SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES / 43 



Honors study is expected to result in the completion of a thesis to be defended 
in a final oral examination. Acceptable theses shall be deposited in the college 
library. Successful completion of the Honors program will cause the designation 
of honors in the department to be placed upon the permanent record. In the 
event that the study is not completed successfully, the student shall be re- 
registered in Independent Studies and given a final grade for the course. 

WASHINGTON NATIONAL SEMESTER 

Upon recommendation of the faculty of the Department of Political Science, you 
may be permitted to attend the American University, Washington, D.C., for a 
period of one full semester. The Washington Semester program is intended to 
provide a first-hand acquaintance with various aspects of the nation's capital, 
as well as an academic experience equivalent to four normal unit courses. This 
program is open to selected students who have special interests in political 
science, law and American Government. Ordinarily, only junior students are 
eligible. 

INTERNSHIP PROGRAM 

An internship program provides students with an opportunity to enrich their 
classroom knowledge through professionally related practical experience. An 
internship allows the student to test his concept and theories in real, hopefully 
challenging, situations. Placed toward the close of the student's academic 
career, the internship experience adds a valuable dimension to his formal 
education while meeting the demand for greater relevancy in higher education. 

Any junior or senior student who has declared a major is able to petition his major 
department for approval to serve as an intern for one or two semesters. A 
maximum of sixteen credits can be earned. Guidelines for program develop- 
ment, assignment of tasks, and academic requirements such as exams, 
papers, reports, grades, etc., are established in consultation with a faculty 
director at Lycoming and an agency supervisor at the place of internship. 

Students with diverse majors have participated in a wide variety of internships 
including the County Commissioners Office, Historical Society, Headstart, 
Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance, Community Health Center, Dept. of 
Environmental Resources, and Celi Race Cars to name a few. 




44 1 SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



INTERNATIONAL INTERCULTURAL STUDIES 



WASHINGTON INTERNATIONAL SEMESTER 

Upon the recommendation of the faculty of the department of political science, 
you may attend The American University, Washington, D.C. for a period of one 
full semester. The Washington International Semester is intended to provide a 
unique academic experience in international affairs within the milieu of a major 
world capital. 



UNITED NATIONS SEMESTER 

Upon recommendation of the faculty of the departments of history or political 
science, you may attend Drew University, Madison, New Jersey, for a period 
of one full semester. The United Nations Semester is intended to provide a first- 
hand acquaintance with the United Nations, New York City, as well as an 
academic experience equivalent to four normal unit courses. This program is 
open to selected students who have special interests in world history, 
international relations, law, and politics. Ordinarily, only juniors are eligible. 



LONDON SEMESTER 

Upon recommendation of the faculty of the departments of history or political 
science, you may attend London University for a period of one semester. This 
program is operated by Drew University in conjunction with many other 
American Colleges. It is intended to acquaint the student with the character of 
one of the principal sources of American law and politics as well as to provide 
an academic program equivalent to four normal courses. Ordinarily, only junior 
students are eligible. 



OVERSEAS STUDIES OPPORTUNITIES 

Under auspices of approved universities or agencies, you have an opportunity 
to study in a foreign university. While overseas study is particularly attractive to 
students majoring in foreign languages, this opportunity is open to all students. 
Mastery of the foreign language is not required in all programs. A file of 
opportunities for overseas study is available from the reference librarian or the 
faculty coordinator of overseas study programs. 



It should be noted that Lycoming College cannot assume responsibility 
for the health, safety, or welfare of any student while he or she is engaged 
in or enroute to or from any off -campus studies or activities which are not 
under the exclusive jurisdiction of this insitution. 



SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES I 45 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 

Students who attend a liberal arts institution find numerous career opportunities 
open to them upon graduation. Although students can seek career employment 
related to their academic major, the value of a liberal arts education is that 
students are not restricted to such employment. A liberal arts background gives 
you the flexibility to pursue various career avenues, as illustrated by the careers 
entered by a few of our typical graduates of last year. An English major secured 
employment as a housing counselor for the government; a psychology major, 
as a manager in a retailing business; a biology major, as a food and drug 
inspector; an accounting major, as a graduate student attending law school; a 
history major, as a branch manager in a banking firm; a political science major, 
as a county law enforcement agent; a business major, as a technical assistant 
in a television station; a theatre major, as a counselor for underprivileged 
children. In general, a liberal arts education provides a foundation for each 
student to pursue the type of career which focuses upon his abilities, interests, 
and aspirations. 

Today's employers are seeking college graduates with broad academic 
backgrounds. The primary characteristics desired by employers are in- 
telligence, communication skills, leadership ability, community involvement, 
and career identification. Employers believe such an individual will be better 
able to handle the various problems he will encounter in today's complex world. 

Lycoming College is committed to assist each student to develop a realistic 
career plan. The Career Development Center is the primary service designed 
to help each student, beginning in his freshman year, to crystallize his future 
plans. Through career counseling, career workships, career information, and 
similar vehicles, the Career Development Center strives to help each student. 




46 /SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



CAREER FIELDS UNLIMITED 



Your course of study at Lycoming will help you to gain greater insight into many 
aspects of your world and simultaneously lay a strong foundation for a career. 
Innumerable types of positions are open to liberal arts graduates. At Lycoming 
you have the additional opportunity to explore, from an elementary to an 
advanced level, various fields that may lead to a vocation or direct you toward 
professional or graduate schools. A wide variety of vocations may be entered 
directly upon graduation. These include positions in business, industry, 
government, and the professions, including teaching. A student interested in 
any of these areas is referred to his advisor, to the appropriate department, or 
to a special assigned advisor. 



ACCOUNTING 

There are many reasons for continued rapid growth of the accounting 
profession in the foreseeable future. Lycoming offers a rigorous comprehensive 
program of undergraduate training in accounting leading to the bachelor of arts. 
The most inportant aspect of an accountant's service to clients and to the public 
cannot be defined as knowledge, nor even as experience, but must be 
described by more elusive terms: wisdom, perception, imagination, circum- 
spection, judgement, integrity. A liberal arts education followed by training on- 
the-job offers you the best background for a successful career in accountancy. 
The academic standards are such as to require you to be proficient in math; 
have an above-average ability to communicate ideas verbally and in written 
form; show a potential ability to express and to interpret abstraction; and 
demonstrate a personality capable of developing qualities of business and 
community leadership. Interested? Contact the Accounting Department. 



BUSINESS 

Lycoming offers course work in the field of business administration particularly 
designed for training prospective business leaders. Business is a highly 
diversified occupation; therefore the curriculum is not designed to be vocational 
or narrowly pre-professional. The purposes of the business administration 
curriculum are to train and equip your mind to recognize and solve complex 
problems facing business executives, to develop an appreciation for rigorous 
analysis, to practice the arts of verbal and written communication, and to expose 
the developing mind to as wide as possible a range of course work represented 
by the traditional liberal arts curriculum, to the end that you become truly well 
educated. Considerable flexibility is permissible within the curriculum, and you 
are encouraged to pursue course work most rewarding to you. 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 1 47 



TEACHER EDUCATION 

Lycoming prepares teachers for elementary and secondary schools. The 
programs are approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Education for the 
certification of elementary teachers and for secondary teachers in the following 
areas: biology, chemistry, communication, English, French, general science, 
German, mathematics, physics, Russian, social science, and Spanish. Pennsyl- 
vania certificates are recognized in many other states either through reciprocal 
agreements or by transcript evaluation. 

The excellent facilities of the public schools in Williamsport and the surrounding 
areas are used by education students for observation, participation ex- 
periences, and practice teaching. 

Lycoming feels that the best preparation for future teachers is based on the 
liberal arts. Therefore, all education students complete a liberal arts major in 
addition to the education requirements. 

Normally, freshman are not admitted to education courses. All applicants for 
admission to the Teacher Education Program must register with the Education 
Office no later than registration for the first semester of the sophomore year. The 
Committee on Teacher Education evaluates those accepted, at various 
junctures in their education program, using such guidelines as grade point 
average, potential, course requirements, and recommendations. 

Application for practice teaching must be made before October 1 st of the junior 
year. Admission to the professional semester is limited and selective. Final 
approval for student participation in the professional semester is granted by the 
Teacher Education Committee. 

MILITARY SCIENCE 

Through a cross-enrollment agreement with Bucknell University, all qualified 
students can enroll in a non-credit elective Reserve Officers Training Corps 
(ROTC) program. Students who enroll in the basic course (freshman and 
sophomore years) can compete for scholarships. 

Junior and senior year enrollment in the advanced course qualifies you for a 
$100.00 monthly subsistence allowance ten months per year plus summer 
camp pay and allowances. Successful completion of the advanced course 
gives you a U. S. Army 2nd. Lieutenant commission. 

Employment as a United States Army officer can be a challenging and 
rewarding career option or can be used as a period of personal development 
and leadership training which can better equip the college graduate with job 
experience to more successfully pursue a civilian career. 

RELIGIOUS EDUCATION 

If you desire extensive study in biblical history and literature, the historical 
development of Christianity, and Christian Doctrine, you may major in religion. 
If you plan to enter the vocation of religious education, you should, besides 
majoring in religion, elect five or six unit courses in psychology, education, and 
sociology. This program of study, completely within the liberal arts curriculum, 
will qualify you for work as an Educational Assistant, or after graduate study in 



48 /CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 



a theological seminary, as a Director of Religious Education. You are invited to 
contact the Religion Department Chairman for further information on the 
opportunities, responsibilities, and requirements of these and other church 
vocations. 



MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY 

The Medical Technology curriculum is organized around an academic back- 
ground of basic science courses in addition to those liberal arts courses listed 
as requirements for the bachelor of arts degree. Preparation at Lycoming for 
a career in medical technology may be made in either of two ways: the 
attainment of the B.A. followed by a clinical internship at any accredited 
hospital, or by completion of the Lycoming Cooperative Program. 

If you elect to follow the Cooperative Program in Medical Technology, you will 
normally spend three years at Lycoming. During this time you must satisfy the 
general college distribution and major requirements, and must successfully 
complete twenty-four unit courses, including four in chemistry, six in biology, 
and two in mathematics. Three-year students usually major in biology, where 
they are eligible to follow a modified major of six unit courses which exempts 
them from two biology core courses, Ecology (Biology 24) and either, but not 
both, Animal Physiology (Biology 23) or Cell Physiology (Biology 20). Also 
required as part of the Cooperative Program is the successful completion of a 
one-year internship at one of Lycoming's affiliated hospitals, currently Williams- 
port Hospital, Divine Providence Hospital, Robert Packer Hospital, Lancaster 
General Hospital, and Abington Hospital. Three-year students will be given 
Lycoming credit for each of eight unit courses in biology and chemistry taken 
during the clinical internship and will graduate from Lycoming at the first 
commencement following successful completion of the internship. Lycoming 
does not consider the Registry examination a requirement for graduation. 

If you decide to graduate from Lycoming before entering a hospital program, 
you may major in any department of your choice, and at the same time satisfy 
ASCP and hospital admission requirements. Once graduated from Lycoming, 
you may apply for admission to a clinical program at any hospital of your choice. 

If you are interested in a medical technology career, you should contact 
members of the Medical Technology Coordinating Committee or chairman of 
the biology department before finalizing course decisions. 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES / 49 



COOPERATIVE PROGRAM IN ENGINEERING 

Consistent with increased attention being given nationally to engineering 
education, Lycoming offers a cooperative curriculum combining the manifold 
advantages of a small liberal arts college with the training to be secured at an 
engineering school. By arrangement with Bucknell University and The Pennsyl- 
vania State University, the colleges offer a five-year program in which the first 
three years are spent at Lycoming and the final two at the engineering school. 
Upon completion of the first year at the engineering school, your record will be 
sent to Lycoming. If the work is satisfactory, Lycoming will award the bachelor 
of arts degree. Upon the completion of the five-year program of studies, a 
bachelor of science in engineering is awarded by the engineering school. 
Combined programs offer an opportunity for completion of studies in the 
following areas: Bucknell University: chemical, civil, electrical, or mechanical 
engineering; The Pennsylvania State University: aeronautical, civil, electrical, 
industrial, mechanical, or sanitary engineering. 

Prescribed work at Lycoming includes, in addition to degree requirements 
outlined above, courses in chemistry, mathematics, and physics. Because the 
demands of the engineering curricula may differ somewhat, a program of 
studies at Lycoming will be designed for you when your plans as to type of 
engineering program preferred have been finally fixed. The chairman of the 
physics department will aid you in planning your program. 

COOPERATIVE PROGRAM IN DRAMA 

The American Academy of Dramatic Arts and Lycoming each recognize 
appropriate courses given by the other institution. Normally, in the case of the 
transfer student who is a graduate of the American Academy of Dramatic Arts 
and recommended by them and who has completed two years successful study 
at an accredited college or university, the residency requirement is two 
summers with The Arena Theatre and two consecutive semesters in an 
academic year. Summer session course work may be required. Each case is 
subject to review. The affiliation with the Academy permits a graduating 
Lycoming senior to be eligible for advanced standing at the Academy upon 
recommendation of the Lycoming College theatre department chairman and 
acceptance by the Academy. For information contact the theatre department 
chairman. 




50 1 CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 



COOPERATIVE PROGRAM IN FORESTRY 

Professional and scientific programs of study in forestry for men and women are 
offered in cooperation with the School of Forestry, Duke University. You will 
spend three years in residence at Lycoming and an additional five semesters 
at Duke. Upon satisfactory completion of two semesters at Duke you will have 
earned the A.B. degree from Lycoming, and upon completing the remainder of 
the program will be awarded either the M.F. or M.S. degree from Duke, 
depending upon the nature of the program. 

You should indicate to the Admissions Office that you wish to enroll in the 
Forestry program. At the end of the first term of the third year, Lycoming 
recommends qualified students for admission to the Duke School of Forestry. 
No application need be made to the School of Forestry before then. 

Major fields ot forestry at Duke are: 

FOREST RESOURCE ADMINISTRATION FOREST SCIENCE 
Forest Resource Management Forest Ecology 

Forestry Business Management Forest Entomology 

Forest Protection Forest Pathology 

Forest Resource Economics and Policy Tree Physiology 

Biometry & Statistics Tree Biochemistry 

Systems Analysis Dendrology & Wood Anatomy 

Forest Hydrology 
Forest Meterology 
Forest Soils 

If you are interested in Forest Resource Administration you are advised to elect 
a concentration in biology, business management, mathematics, economics, 
computer science, statistics, or sociology. If you plan a career in Forest Science, 
you should strengthen your backgrounds in biology, chemistry, mathematics, 
and physics. Typical programs in fields offered at Duke are available upon 
request from the Dean of the School of Forestry, Duke University, Durham, North 
Carolina 27706. More information is available from the chairman of the biology 
department. 



PREPARATION FOR GRADUATE STUDY 

Many careers today require advanced study beyond the bachelor of arts 
degree. In general, preparation for graduate work in one of the academic 
disciplines should include a broad base of liberal studies, a strong under- 
graduate major, and adequate supporting work in closely related fields. You can 
design an individual major to meet the needs of some of the newer graduate 
level interdisciplinary programs. Often graduate departments ask that a 
prospective student's competence be measured by the national Graduate 
Record Examinations. They usually require a reading knowledge of one or two 
foreign languages. You should consult departmental advisors early in your 
college years with respect to planning for entrance to graduate school. 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES I 51 



PREPARATION FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONS 

The curriculum for the pre-Health Professions (allopathic medicine, dental 
medicine, optometric medicine, osteopathic medicine, podiatric medicine, and 
veterinary medicine) are all organized around a solid foundation in biology, 
chemistry, English, mathematics, and physics. A wide range of subject matter 
from the humanities, social sciences, and fine arts should be included in the 
program. At least three years of undergraduate study is recommended before 
entry into the professional school; the normal procedure is to complete the 
bachelor of arts degree. 

You should indicate to the Admissions Office, when completing the application 
to Lycoming College, that you wish to enroll in the pre-Health Professions 
(various fields of medicine) program. The Health Professions Advisory Commit- 
tee will advise you concerning preparation for and application to a health 
professional school. 



PREPARATION FOR THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY 

If you are a young man or woman interested in the Christian ministry or related 
vocations, you can find the pre-ministerial curriculum at Lycoming an exciting 
and challenging opportunity. Basic courses specified by the American Associa- 
tion of Theological Schools are virtually identical with the program of courses 
required for a bachelor of arts degree. Such courses offer a wide range of 
subject matter presenting many opportunities for you as a pre-ministerial 
student to acquaint yourself with the broad scope of human experience. 
Preparation for seminary includes earning a bachelor of arts degree with a major 
in one of a variety of fields such as religion, English, history, and philosophy. 
So that you may have a curriculum designed to fit your individual needs, the 
offerings in the junior and senior year are largely elective. The choice of electives 
will depend upon the requirements of the theological school which you expect 
to attend. If you are interested, contact the Director of Religious Activities. 



PREPARATION FOR LAW SCHOOL 

Students interested in law as a profession can receive the necessary pre- 
professional preparation at Lycoming. Admission to law school is not predi- 
cated upon any particular major or area of study; however, the Legal 
Professions Advisory Committee does recommend the development of basic 
skills: clear writing, logical thinking, and language comprehension. 

Students interested in law as a career should register with the Legal Professions 
Advisory Committee and join in the Pre -Law Club activities. 



ACADEMIC PROGRAM 



Lycoming College is a liberal arts institution granting the bachelor of arts 
degree. A degree candidate must fulfill certain minimal course requirements in 
breadth of learning — the distribution requirements — and in depth of learning in 
a chosen subject matter field — the major. 

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS 

Every degree candidate must complete the following degree requirements: 

1. Pass a minimum of thirty-two unit courses (128 hours) with an average of 2.0 
or better within the limit of thirty-eight unit courses (1 52 hours) taken. In case 
of withdrawals, the attempted course will be considered one of the total 
number of courses permitted, except in the case of withdrawals for medical 
or psychological reasons. 

2. Complete a major consisting of a least eight (8) unit courses. 

3. Achieve an average of 2.0 or better for all courses counted in the major. 

4. Complete the Distribution Requirements. 

5. Complete the final eight courses offered for the degree at Lycoming. 

6. Earn one year of credit in Physical Education.* 

7. Satisfy all financial obligations incurred at the College. 

8. Complete the above seven requirements within seven years of continuous 
enrollment following the date of matriculation. All exemptions or waivers of 
specific requirements are reviewed by the Committee on Academic 
Standing. 

'Exemption, for medical reasons, from participation in physical activity associated with physical 
education may be granted only by the College Physician who considers your medical history, your 
physician's report, and his own physical examination of you. 

COURSE WORK 

Instruction at Lycoming College is organized, with few exceptions, on a 
departmental basis. Nearly all courses are unit courses, meaning that each 
course taken by you is considered to carry the same academic value as any 
other course. For transfer purpose each course is considered to be equivalent 
to four semester hours of academic work. This does not mean that all courses 
will meet for four one-hour lectures each week, although many will do so. Rather, 
each course meets on a schedule set by the department and the instructor 
involved. Such meetings may be on a lecture, discussion, laboratory, or tutorial 
basis. Varying amounts of additional study, reading, writing, and research will 
be required for each course. Most students elect four unit courses each 
semester. Students may elect to enroll in five (5) courses during any semester 
provided they were admitted to the Dean's List during the preceding semester 
while carrying at least four unit courses. Exceptions may be made by the 
Committee on Academic Standing. You can accelerate by taking courses in the 
May Term and summer sessions. 

53 



54 I ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



MAJORS 



Your are required to complete a series of courses in a field of concentration. 
This is accomplished by completing one of the following type of majors: 

Departmental Major, Established Interdisciplinary Major, or 
Individual Interdisciplinary Major. 

DEPARTMENTAL MAJORS 

Departmental majors, as described beginning on page 67, are available in: 



Accounting 




History 


Art 




Mathematics 


Biology 




Music 


Business Administration 




Philosophy 


Chemistry 




Physics 


Economics 




Political Science 


English 




Psychology 


Foreign Languages 




Religion 


French 


Russian 


Sociology and Anthropology 


German 


Spanish 


Theatre 



You may complete two majors; each will be recorded on your record. 

ESTABLISHED INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJOR (EIM) 

An Established Interdisciplinary Major (EIM) can be elected instead of a 
departmental major. Two or more departments work together to establish an 
EIM which must be approved by the Committee on Special Studies. The 
following ElM's, as described beginning on page 63, are available: 

Accounting-Mathematics 

American Studies Soviet Area Studies 

Near East Culture and Archeology Literature 

INDIVIDUAL INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJOR (MM) 

You may take the initiative and design a unique Individual Interdisciplinary Major 
(MM) in consultation with your faculty advisor. You may apply for approval of an 
MM to the Committee on Special Studies via the Registrar, who will provide a 
copy of the Guidelines For Interdisciplinary Majors and other necessary forms. 

Individual Interdisciplinary Majors usually involve two or more departments 
which each already offer a major. An MM is normally comprised of a minimum 
of ten courses beyond those satisfying distribution requirements. If the MM 
involves departments not included in meeting the distribution requirements, 
then the ten courses may include elementary courses usually used to satisfy 
distribution requirements. However, you are expected to take at least six 
courses at the advanced (junior or senior) level as determined in consultation 
with your advisors. Changes in this set of courses comprising the major, which 
may be desired or needed as you progress, must be authorized by the 
Committee on Special Studies. 

As an MM student, you are advised by a committee composed of one professor 
from each department involved. You choose the chairman who functions as the 



56 1 ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



advisor of record, maintains your records, etc. The Committee on Special 
Studies must certify the successful completion of the IIM for graduation. 

Your transcript will show: 

Interdisciplinary Major in (Departments), for example: 

Interdisciplinary Major in Urban Studies (History, Psychology, Sociology). 

POLICY ON ADMISSION TO MAJOR 

If you desire an established interdisciplinary major (EIM) or departmental major 
(DM), you must declare your elected major, in the Office of the Registrar, no later 
than the beginning of your junior year. 

If you desire an individual interdisciplinary major (MM), you must apply to and 
secure the approval of the Committee on Special Studies in conformity with 
established policy. 

If the Committee on Special Studies, the Coordinating Committee for an EIM, 
or a department feels that legitimate reasons exist which may warrant removal 
from major status, that committee or department must submit these reasons, in 
writing, to the Dean of the College who, after consultation with you, will decide 
whether or not you are to be removed from major status. The Committee on 
Special Studies, the Coordinating Committee for an EIM, the department, or you 
may appeal the decision of the Dean of the College to the Committee on 
Academic Standing which will either sustain or modify the decision of the Dean 
of the College. As in all cases of student appeals, the final appeal is to the 
College president. 

If you have not declared a major by the beginning of your junior year, you are 
subject to dismissal from the College. 

ACADEMIC ADVISEMENT 

An advantage of a small college is the rich experience gained by the close 
association of students and faculty. The counseling program at Lycoming 
enables you to discuss various academic problems with your instructors, and 
the staffs of the Dean of the College and the Dean of Student Services. 

As an entering Freshman, you are assigned to a faculty adviser who meets with 
you as needed during the year. You will find your adviser willing to guide and 
assist in the many problems that confront a new college student. If, as an 
upperclass student, you do not feel the need for a formally assigned adviser, 
you may assume the responsibility for meeting your degree requirements. 

THE DISTRIBUTION REQUIREMENTS 

One of the reasons a student chooses to come to Lycoming is a desire to obtain 
a breadth of knowledge in many areas, a liberal arts education. A student who 
deliberately elects to attend a liberal arts college is interested in more than 
training in a narrow major; he wants knowledge in an area of special interest, 
his major, amplified by exploration into kindred and "unrelated" fields. 

Lycoming College, being a liberal arts institution, insists that a major program 
of study be supported and challenged by the influences of a diversity of 



ACADEMIC PROGRAMS I 57 



subjects. The major must not become narrow in its vision and sterile in its ability 
to help you function effectively in a world where nothing is neatly isolated and 
compartmentalized. The College believes that the essence of liberal education 
is its potential for exposing you to the multitude of historical, traditional, and 
contemporary avenues of thought and action which are brought to light in 
different ways through the study of various disciplines. 

By taking different kinds of subjects, you can discover numerous ways of seeing 
things. You can gain the advantage of learning to view events and approach 
problems and questions from various points of view. You can discover that the 
interpretation of events and the relevance of solutions and answers will vary 
greatly for different individuals and groups. 

To have you achieve at least a minimal insight into this multiplicity of 
perspective, thought, and reaction, Lycoming requires that you select some of 
your courses from six groups of courses as outlined below. The aim is not the 
garnering of specific, prescribed information, but rather, the development of a 
broadly based perspective of all aspects of life. 

The distribution requirements in English, Mathematics, Fine Arts, Natural 
Science, and History and Social Science may be met by superior performance 
on the General Examinations of the College Level Examination Program. Further 
information may be obtained from the Office of the Registrar. 

ENGLISH 

You are required to pass English I and one other English course. English I must 
be taken during the Freshman year. 

FOREIGN LANGUAGE OR MATHEMATICS 

You are required to meet a minimum basic requirement in either a foreign 
language or mathematics. 

Mathematics. If you elect mathematics, you must complete four courses in 
mathematics. By passing a proficiency examination you may reduce this 
requirement to two courses other than Math I. These exams are offered during 
the Freshman Orientation. 

Foreign Language. If you elect to take a foreign language, you may choose from 
among French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Russian, or Spanish. You are required 
to pass two courses on the intermediate or a higher course level. Placement at 
the appropriate course level will be determined by the faculty of the department 
of foreign languages. No student who has had two or more years of a given 
language in high school shall be admitted to the elementary course in the same 
foreign language for credit, except by written permission from the chairman of 
the department. French 28 will meet part of this requirement only upon consent 
of the department. 

RELIGION OR PHILOSOPHY 

You are required to pass one year (two courses in the same subject in either 
philosophy or religion. 

Philosophy. You may take any two philosophy courses. 
Religion. You may take any two religion courses. 



58 1 ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 

FINE ARTS 

You are required to pass one year (two courses) in one of the following: 

Art. You may take any two art courses. 

Literature. You may take any two literature courses selected from the offerings 
of the departments of English and Foreign Languages and Literatures. 

Music. Any combination of music courses totaling the equivalent of two full-unit 
courses (academic full-unit courses — Music 1 through 46 and Music 70's; or 
applied fractional unit courses — Music 60 through 69) will satisfy this require- 
ment. You can earn the equivalent of two full units in Music in one of the following 
ways: 

1 . Take two full-unit academic courses from those numbered Music 1 through 

59 and Music 70's, 

2. Take a total of two full units of applied music, from courses numbered Music 

60 through 69, which are earned fractionally as follows: 

A. !/8 unit per semester for one half-hour of instruction per week in courses 
numbered 60 through 66. 

B. 1 /4 unit per semester for one hour of instruction per week in courses 
numbered 60 through 66. 

C. 1 A unit per semester for music 67, 68, or 69. 

3. Take one full-unit academic course (Music 1 through 59 and Music 70's) plus 

the equivalent of one full-unit course earned fractionally in applied music 
courses 60 through 69 as explained in "2" above. 

Theatre. Any two theatre courses 10 and above will satisfy this requirement. 

NATURAL SCIENCE 

You are required to pass one year (any two courses) in one of the following: 
biology, chemistry, or physics. 

HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE 

You are required to pass one year (two courses) in one of the following: 

Economics. You may take any two courses. 

History. You may take any two courses. 

Political Science. You may take any two courses. 

Psychology. You may take Psychology 10 plus one course usually chosen from 
among Psychology 15, 16, 30, 31, 32, or 38. 

Sociology and Anthropology. You may take Sociology 10 plus another course. 

NOTE: A course can be used to satisfy only one distribution requirement. 



ACADEMIC PROGRAMS I 59 



GRADING SYSTEM 

The College uses the traditional letter system of grading: A B C D F or 
Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory. Any student enrolled full-time at Lycoming College 
may elect to take up to a maxumum of four courses on a Satisfactory/ 
Unsatisfactory basis. Only one course may be taken on this basis during any 
semester. No course taken by a student on a S/U basis after the declaration 
of his major and approval by the department involved may be used to satsify 
a requirement of that major, including courses required by the major department 
which are offered by other departments. Instructor-designated S/U courses are 
excepted from this limitation. 

During the May Term, instructors, with the approval of the Dean of the College 
and the Director of Special Sessions, may designate courses to be taken on an 
S/U basis only. These courses will not count toward the four-course limit. A 
course elected on an S/U basis which is subsequently withdrawn will not count 
toward the four-course limit. 

Any student electing a course on an S/U basis may designate a minimum 
acceptable letter grade of 'A', 'B', or 'C\ If the letter grade actually earned by 
the student equals or exceeds the minimum acceptable letter designated by 
the student, then the letter grade actually earned in the course will be entered 
on the student's permanent record and will be used in computing the student's 
GPA. In this case the course will not count toward the four-course limit since 
itwas not completed on anS/U basis. Ifthestudentfailstodesignateaminimum 
acceptable letter grade or if the letter grade actually earned is lower than the 
minimum acceptable letter grade designated by the student, then the Registrar 
will substitute an 'S' for any passing grade ('A', 'B','C or 'D') and a 'U' for an 'F' 
grade. 

The student shall declare by the end of the period during which courses may 
be added an intention to be graded on an S/U basis. At the same time, and 
except for instructordesignated S/U courses, the student will indicate a 
minimum acceptable letter grade, if he or she so chooses. The instructor will 
not be notified of these decisions, unless the student chooses to do so. A 
student electing the S/U option shall be expected to perform the same work in 
the course as those being graded on the regular basis. 

You will receive full credit for a course passed with a Satisfactory grade. Neither 
the "S" nor the "U" count in computing the grade point average. 







60 1 ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



Incomplete grades may be given if you, for absolutely unavoidable reasons, 
have not been able to complete the work requisite to the course. Such 
circumstances usually stem from medical sources. An incomplete grade must 
be removed within six (6) weeks of the next regular semester. 

MID-SEMESTER EVALUATIONS FOR FRESHMAN 

Mid-Semester evaluations are reported for freshman students whose work is 
unsatisfactory. These reports are filed with the Registrar who then reports them 
to the students concerned and their faculty advisors. The evaluation report from 
the instructor may be one of two types: (a) submission of letter grade of "D" or 
"F" (b)submission of a written evaluation for thosefreshman who are performing 
below the satisfactory level. 

ACADEMIC STANDING 

All students must complete a minimum of sixteen (16) unit courses with an 
average of "C" or better to be advanced to the junior year. A student whose 
cummulative or semester average falls below "C" is considered to be in 
academic difficulty and his academic record will be reviewed by the Committee 
on Academic Standing. Such students may be placed on academic probation, 
suspended, or dismissed by the Committee on Academic Standing according 
to regulations established by the Faculty. 

ACADEMIC HONORS 

The Dean's List is issued at the close of each semester in recognition of superior 
scholarship. Students are admitted to the Dean's List when they have 
completed at least three courses with other than S /U and have a minimum grade 
point average of 3.50 for the semester. 

You may be awarded the bachelor of arts degree with honors when you have 
earned the following grades: 

Bachelor of Arts, summa cum laude — a 3.90 grade point average. 
Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude — a 3.50 grade point average. 
Bachelor of Arts, cum laude — a 3.25 grade point average. 

High quality scholarship is also recognized by completion of a departmental 
honors program and by election of students to membership in Honor Societies. 

WITHDRAWING FROM COURSES 

You may drop any course during the first two weeks of classes and no record 
of such enrollment shall be made on your permanent record card. You may also 
add any course during the first two weeks of classes, subject to the approval 
of the instructor. If you wish to drop a course after the second week of classes 
you must secure a withdrawal card from the Office of the Registrar. You must 
present this card to the instructor of the course in question who will then assign 
one of the following grades: 

W — Progress at the time of withdrawal cannot be determined. 
WP — Progress at the time of withdrawal is satisfactory. 
WF — Progress at the time of withdrawal is unsatisfactory. 



ACADEMIC PROGRAMS I 61 



This grade is then entered on your permanent record card. No withdrawal grade 
is counted in the computation of the grade point average, but the course from 
which you withdraw is counted as one of the thirty-eight (38) unit courses to 
which you are limited in completing your degree requirements at Lycoming. 

CLASS ATTENDANCE 

The academic program at Lycoming is based upon the assumption that there 
is value in class attendance for all students. Individual instructors have the 
prerogative of establishing reasonable absence regulations in any course. You 
are responsible for learning and observing these regulations. 

ACADEMIC HONESTY 

The integrity of the academic process of the College requires honesty in all 
phases of the instructional program. The College assumes that students are 
committed to the principle of academic honesty. Students who fail to honor this 
commitment are subject to desmissal from Lycoming. Procedural guidelines 
and rules for the adjudication of cases of academic dishonesty are printed in 
the Faculty Handbook available to students in the library. 




INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS 

ESTABLISHED INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS (EIM) 

ACCOUNTING— MATHEMATICS 

Co-ordinator — Assistant Professor Feldmann 

The Accounting-Mathematics Interdisciplinary Major is designed to offer, within 
a liberal arts framework, courses which will aid you in constructing mathematical 
models for accounting decision making. You will obtain a substanital back- 
ground in mathematics and a working knowledge in accounting. 

Majors will be only four courses short of a math major and three courses short 
of an accounting major. Required accounting courses are: Elementary, 
Intermediate, Cost and Budgetary Accounting Theory. In Mathematics they are: 
Analytic Geometry and Calculus I, II, and III; and Linear Algebra; plus two 
courses from Differential Equations, Introduction to Numerical Analysis, and 
Mathematic Statistics I and II. Business courses required are Legal Principles 
I and II. Recommended courses include : Computer Science, Introduction to 
Statistics, Financial Management, Statistics Applied to Business, Insurance, 
Principles of Economics, Industrial Psychology, Social Psychology, and In- 
troduction to Sociology. 

AMERICAN STUDIES 

Co-ordinator — Associate Professor Piper 

The American Studies major offers a comprehensive program in American 
civilization which introduces you to the complexities underlying the develop- 
ment of America and its contemporary life. The thirteen major courses you will 
complete include: 

FOUR CORE COURSES — The primary integrating units of the major, these 
team-taught courses will teach you how to think of ideas from different points 
of view and how to correlate information and methods from various disciplines: 

America As a Civilization (First semester of major study) 
American Studies — Research and Methodology (Second semester) 
American Tradition in the Arts and Literature (Third semester) 
Internship or Independent Study (Junior and/or senior year) 

CONCENTRATION AREAS — Six courses in one option and three in the other 
are needed. Your six primary Concentration Option courses in American Arts 
or American Society build around the insights you gain in the Core Courses. 
They focus particular attention on areas most germane to your academic and 
vocational interests. The three additional courses from the other option give 
further breadth to your understanding of America. You also will be encouraged 
to take elective courses relating to other cultures. 

American Arts Concentration Option 

American Art — Art 24 

American Art of the 20th Century — Art 32 

Pre-Civil War American Literature — English 26 

Post-Civil War American Literature — English 28 

American Music — Music 51 

American Theatre — Theatre 51 

62 



INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS 1 63 



American Society Concentration Option 

U. S. Social and Intellectual History to 1865 — History 42 

U. S. Social and Intellectual History from 1865 — History 43 

The American Constitutional System — Political Science 30 

The American Political Tradition — Political Science 47 

American Economic Development — Economics 51 

Racial and Cultural Minorities — Sociology 34 

You should design your American Studies major in consultation with the 
program co-ordinator or a member of the American Studies committee. 

LITERATURE 

Co-ordinator — Associate Professor Maples 

This major recognizes literature as a distinct discipline beyond national 
boundaries and combines the study of any two literatures in the areas of English, 
French, German, Russian, and Spanish. You can thus explore two literatures 
widely and intensively at the upper levels of course offerings within each of the 
respective departments while developing and applying skills in foreign lan- 
guages. The major prepares you for graduate study in either of the two 
literatures studied or in Comparative Literature. 

The major requires at least six literature courses, equally divided between the 
two literatures concerned. The six must be at the advanced level as determined 
in consultation with advisors (normally courses numbered 20 and above in 
English and 40 and above in Foreign Languages). In general, two of the 
advanced courses in each literature should be period courses. The third course, 
taken either as a regular course or as independent study, may have as its 
subject another period, a particular author, genre, or literary theme, or some 
other unifying approach or idea. Beyond these six, the major must include at 
least two additional courses from among those counting toward a major in the 
departments involved. Any prerequisitecourses in the respective departments 
(for example, French 23, German 33, 34, Russian 33, 34)should be taken during 
the Freshman and Sophomore years. You should design you program in 
consultation with a faculty member from each of the literatures concerned. 
Programs for the major must be approved by the departments involved. 

NEAR EAST CULTURE AND ARCHEOLOGY 

Co-ordinator — Professor Guerra 

The Near Eastern Culture and Archeology interdisciplinary major is designed 
to acquaint you with the "cradle of Western civilization", both in its ancient and 
modern aspects. Majors will complete a minimum of eight to ten unit courses 
related to the Near East. 

Required courses are described in their departmental sections and include: 

1. Four courses (semesters) in language and culture from: 

A. History and Culture of the Ancient Near East (Religion 28) 

B. History of Art (Art 22) 

C. Ancient Greece (History 20) 

D. The Roman Republic and Empire (History 21) 



64 1 INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS 



E. Old Testament Faith and History (Religion 13) 

F. Religions of the World — Islam and Judaism (Religion 24) 

G. Two semesters of foreign language (Hebrew 1, 2; or Greek 1, 2) 

2. Two courses (semesters) in archeology from: 

A. Palestinian Archeology (Religion 46) 

B. Special Archeology courses, such as "studies" or in May Term or summer 
sessions in the Near East. 

3. Two courses (semesters) in the cooperating departments (Art, History, 
Political Science, Religion, and Sociology and Anthropology) or other related 
departments. These two courses, usually taken in the junior or senior years, 
can be independent study. Topics should be related either to the ancient or 
the modern Near East and must be approved in advance by the committee 
supervising the interdisciplinary program. The study of modern Arabic or 
Hebrew is encouraged. 

Other courses may be suggested by the supervisory committee but not beyond 
requiring ten courses in the major. The number of courses taken within this 
program applicable toward fulfilling the College distribution requirements will 
vary according to the selection of courses you make. 

SOVIET AREA STUDIES 

Co-ordinator — Assistant Professor Winston 

The Soviet Area Studies major is an interdisciplinary major designed to offer, 
within the framework of a liberal arts education, intensified study of the Soviet 
Union, communism, and related matters. The program enables you to acquire 
a broader perspective of the USSR than can generally be obtained within one 
discipline. A Cultural Tour of the USSR is normally available in the May Term 
and can be used to satisfy one of the courses needed for 4 below. 

Required courses are described in their departmental sections and include: 

1 . Six semesters of Russian language and/or literature beyond the elemen- 
tary level. 

2. Topics in Russian and Soviet History (History 46 and 47) 

3. Two courses (semesters) of Senior Seminar on the USSR. 

4. Four courses (semesters) from: 
Comparative Economic Systems (Economics 23) 
The Soviet Political System (Political Science 36) 
Communist Strategies and Tactics (Political Science 37) 
Social and Political Philosophy (Philosophy 22) 

Under this program, up to nine courses required to satisfy the college 
distribution requirements can be completed from the above courses. 



INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS I 65 



INDIVIDUAL INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS (MM) 

Registrar — Mr. Glunk 

Individual Interdisciplinary Majors (II M) usually involve two or more departments 
which each already offer a major. An II M is normally comprised of a minimum 
of ten courses beyond those satisfying the distribution requirements. If the II M 
involves departments not included in meeting the distribution requirements, 
then the ten courses may include elementary courses usually used to satisfy 
distribution requirements. However, you are expected to take at least six 
courses at the advanced (junior or senior) level as determined in consultation 
with your advisors. Any change in courses comprising the major, which may be 
desired or needed as you progress, must be authorized by the Committee on 
Special Studies. 

An IIM student is advised by a committee composed of one professor from each 
department involved. You choose the chairman who functions as your advisor 
of record, maintains your records, etc. The Committee on Special Studies must 
certify the successful completion of the IIM for graduation. 

Your transcript will show: 

Interdisciplinary major in (Departments), for example: 

Interdisciplinary major in Urban Studies (History, Psychology, Sociology). 




COURSES 

Numbers 1-9 Elementary courses in departments where such 
courses are not counted as part of the student's major. 

Numbers 10-19 Freshman level 

Numbers 20-29 Sophomore level 

Numbers 30-39 Junior level 

Numbers 40-49 Senior level 

Numbers 50-59 Special Advanced Courses 

Numbers 60-69 Special Sessions Courses 

Numbers 70-79 Seminar Study 

Numbers 80-89 Independent Study 

Numbers 90-99 Independent Study for Departmental Honors 

Courses in the 50-59, 70-79, 80-89, 90-99 number series are not listed under 
each department, but are in effect for each department and represent the 
particular studies listed opposite the numbers above (that is, seminar study for 
all departments fall in the 70-79 series, etc.). 

Courses not in sequence are listed separately, as: 

Introduction to Art Art 10 

Drawing I Art 1 1 

Courses which imply a sequence are indicated with a dash between, meaning 
that the first semester must be taken prior to the second, as: 

Intermediate French French 10-11 



ACCOUNTING 

Associate Professor: Richmond (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Mahon 

The purpose of the major is to give students a thorough foundation in accounting 
theory, enabling them to enter the profession through public, private, or 
governmental employment. To achieve this, Accounting 10, 20-21, 30-31, 40, 
41, and 43 are required. All majors are advised to enroll in four courses in 
Economics, including 10/11; Business 23, 35, 36, and 38-39; Mathematics 13 
and 15. Business 10 may be substituted for Accounting 10 if a student changes 
his major. 

10 ELEMENTARY ACCOUNTING THEORY 

An introductory course in recording, classifying, summarizing, and interpreting the basic 
business transaction. Problems of classification and interpretation of accounts and preparation 
of financial statements are studied. An IBM computer is used to solve some of these problems. 



66 



20-21 INTERMEDIATE ACCOUNTING THEORY 

An intensive study of accounting statements and analytical procedures with emphasis upon 
corporate accounts. Price level adjustments, partnerships, joint ventures, installments and 
consignment sales, branch and home office accounting, and the statement of affairs are among 
topics studied. Prerequisite: Accounting 10 

30-31 COST AND BUDGETARY ACCOUNTING THEORY 

Methods of accounting for material, labor, and factory overhead expenses consumed in 
manufacturing using job order, process and standard costing. Application of cost accounting 
and budgeting theory to decision making in the areas of make or buy, expansion of production 
and sales, and accounting for control are dealt with. Prerequisite: Accounting 21 or consent of 
instructor. 

40 AUDITING THEORY AND PRACTICE 

The science of verifying, analyzing, and interpreting accounts and reports. An audit project is 
presented, solved and the auditor's report is written. Prerequisite: Accounting 21. 

41 FEDERAL INCOME TAX ACCOUNTING AND PLANNING 

Analysis of the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code relating to income, deductions, 
inventories, and accounting methods. Practical problems involving determination of income and 
deductions, capital gains and losses, computation and payment of taxes through withholding 
at the the source and through declaration are considered. Planning transactions so that a 
minimum amount of tax will result is emphasized. Prerequisite: Accounting 10 or consent of 
instructor. 

42 FEDERAL INCOME TAX ADMINISTRATION AND PLANNING 

An analysis of the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code relating to partnerships, estates, 
trusts, and corporations. An extensive series of problems is considered and effective tax 
planning is emphasized. Prerequisite: Accounting 41. 

43 CONTEMPORARY ACCOUNTING PROBLEMS 

Certain areas of advanced accounting theory, including fund accounting, are covered, and 
problems are taken from past C.P.A. examinations which require a thorough knowledge of the 
core courses in their solution. The course is intended to meet the needs of those interested in 
public accounting and preparation for the Certified Public Accountants Examination. Prere- 
quisite: Accounting 31 or consent of instructor. 



AMERICAN STUDIES 

(Interdisciplinary) 

10 AMERICA AS A CIVILIZATION 

An analysis of the historical, socio-cultural, economic, and political perspectives on American 
civilization with special attention to the interrelationships between these various orientations. 

1 1 AMERICAN STUDIES — RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGY 

The study and application of various research methods, including new trends in historical study, 
quantitative analysis, cross-cultural studies, and on-site inspection. 

12 AMERICAN TRADITION IN THE ARTS AND LITERATURE 

The relationships of the arts and literature to the various historical periods of American life. 

13 INTERNSHIP OR INDEPENDENT STUDY 

An opportunity to relate the learning in the Core Courses and the Concentration Areas to an actual 
supervised off-campus learning situation or independent study project. 



67 



ART 



Assistant Professor: Shipley (Chairman), Hughes 

Instructor: Ameigh 

Part-Time Instructor: Fetter, Wild, Putterman 

A major consists of a balanced program of history of art and studio courses. 
In addition to the core courses of the major program (Art 1 1 , 1 5, or 1 6, 20, 21 , 
22, 23, 30, and 46), the student will elect two advanced courses in art history. 
Art 25 and 35, or Art 28 and 38 may be substituted for Art 20 and 30. Majors 
will be required to present their better work in a one-man show during their 
senior year. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO ART 

Presents historical and contemporary styles of architecture, sculpture, painting, and the minor 
arts; considers the roles of the elements of design and of materials and techniques in the creation 
and appreciation of works of art. 

11 DRAWING I 

Study of the human figure with gesture and proportion stressed. Student is made familiar with 
different drawing techniques and media. Some drawing from nature. Offered in alternate 
semesters with Drawing II and III. 

14 DESIGN FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

A course designed to give each student the opportunity to explore, in his own creative style, ideas, 
techniques and methods for involving children in expressive activities through the use of a wide 
range of media in the making of prints, puppets, pictorial and design projects, simple modeling, 
mosaics, plaster casting, weaving and stitchery projects, simple jewelry and gift crafts, lettering 
projects, mobiles, stabiles, and other three-dimensional designs created from scrap materials. 

15 TWO-DIMENSIONAL DESIGN 

The basic fundamentals found in the two-dimensional arts; line, shape, form, space, color, and 
composition are taught in relationship to the other two-dimensional arts. Preceptual theories and 
their relationships to what and why we see what we see in art is discussed with each problem. 

16 THREE-DIMENSIONAL DESIGN 

An introduction to the uses of form and materials. Objects will be designed whose form follows 
function, such as kites; whose form follows expressive intent, such as plaster constructions or 
movie films. 

20 PAINTING I 

An introduction of painting techniques and materials Coordination of color, value, and design 
within the painting is taught. Some painting from the figure. No limitations as to painting media, 
subject matter or style. Prerequisite: Art 75 

21 DRAWING II 

Continued study of the human figure. Emphasis is placed on realism and figure coordination with 
the use of value and design. Prerequisite: Art 11. 

22 HISTORY OF ART 

The development of the visual arts from prehistoric days to the Italian Renaissance. 

23 HISTORY OF ART 

The development of visual arts from the Italian Renaissance to Contemporary Art. 

24 AMERICAN ART 

Painting, sculpture, architecture, and the decorative arts in the United States between 1630 and 
the present. Alternate years. 

25 SCULPTURE I 

An introduction to the techniques, materials, and ideas of sculpture. Clay, plaster, wax, wood, and 
other materials will be used. The course will be concerned with ideas about sculpture as 
expression, and with giving material form to ideas. 



68 



ART 169 



26 CRAFTS I 

An introduction to the various craft materials, processes, design problems, and techniques 
involved in work in such crafts as clay, wood, fiber, metal, and plastics. 

27 INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY 

Objectives of the course are to develop technical skills in the use of photographic equipment 
(cameras, films, darkroom, print maker) and to develop sensitivity in the areas of composition, 
form, light, picture quality, etc. Each student must own or have access to a 35mm roll film camera 

28 PRINTMAKING I 

Practice of the techniques of silk-screen, wood-block, and linoleum-block printing. Prerequisite: 
Art 11 and 15. 

30 PAINTING II 

Emphasis is placed on individual style and technique. Artists and movements in art are studied. 
No limitations as to painting media, subject matter, or style. Prerequisite: Art 20. 

31 MODERN ART 

The chief works and movements of European painting and sculpture between 1880 and the 
present. 

32 AMERICAN ART OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture in the United States with emphasis on developments after 
1945. 

33 19th CENTURY ART 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture in Europe between 1760 and 1900. 

34 ASPECTS OF THE RENAISSANCE 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture of the Rennaissance — 15th and 16th century. 

35 SCULPTURE II 

A continuation of Art 25 or Art 16, with emphasis on independent projects and more complex 
technique. Casting of bronze and aluminum sculpture will be done in the school foundry. 
Prerequisite: Art 16 or 25. 

36 CRAFTS II 

More advanced experimentation with crafts materials, with emphasis upon good craftsmanship 
and aesthetic quality. Prerequisite: Art 26. 

37 PHOTOGRAPHY II 

To extend the skills developed in Photography I by continued growth in technical expertise, 
presentation, conceptual ability, and aesthetic sensibility. Emphasis is placed upon term essay 
in area of student's interest and presented in booklet format. Prerequisite: Art 27. 

38 PRINTMAKING II 

Further exploration of silk-screen printing techniques, practice of the techniques of engraving, 
drypomt, etching, and aquatint. 

40 PRINTING III 

Professional quality is stressed. There is some experimentation with new painting techniques and 
styles 

41 DRAWING III 

Continued study of the human figure. Individual style and professional control of drawing 
techniques and media are now emphasized. 

46 STUDIO RESEARCH 

Independent research in an elective studio area, conducted under the supervision of the 
appropriate faculty member, includes creation of works which may be incorporated in one-man 
senior exhibition Student works in private studio assigned by the department. 



BIOLOGY 

Associate Professor: Kelley 

Assistant Professor: Angstadt (Chairman), Diehl, Green, 
Mayers, Sherbine, Zaccaria 

A major consists of eight Biology courses including 10-11, 20, 21 , 22, 23, 
and 24. In addition, one year of chemistry and mathematics is required. Certain 
specific exceptions to the core program will be made for three-year students 
enrolled in cooperative programs. Such exceptions are noted under the 
particular cooperative program heading in the Career Opportunities section of 
the catalog and students interested in these programs should contact the 
Program Director before finalizing their individual program. Credit may not be 
earned for both Biology 1 and 10 or for both Biology 2 and 11. Consent of 
instructor may replace Biology 10-1 1 as a prerequisite for all Biology courses. 

1-2 PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY 

An investigation of biological principles, including ecological systems, form and function in 
selected representative organisms (especially man), cell theory, molecular biology, reproduction, 
inheritance, adaptation, and evolution. The course is designed primarily for students not planning 
to major in the biological sciences. 

3 FIELD BIOLOGY FOR TEACHERS 

A methods course for students preparing to teach biology. Sources and methods of collecting 
and preserving various plant and animal materials. Offered summer only. 

1)5-6 BASIC HUMAN BIOLOGY 

An introduction to the physics and chemistry relative to biological systems. Human anatomy, 
physiology, and developmental biology will be surveyed. An introduction to microbiology with 
emphasis on host-pathogen relationships and the immune response. 

10-11 INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY 

An introduction to the study of biology designed for students planning to major in the biological 
sciences. Major topics considered include the origin of life, cellular respiration and photosyn- 
thesis, genetics, development, anatomy and physiology, ecology, behavior and evolution. 

20 CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY 

Physico-chemical background of cellular function; functions of membrane systems and or- 
ganelles; metabolic pathways; biochemical and cellular bases of growth; development and 
responses of organisms. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11, and a year of Chemistry. 

21 MICROBIOLOGY 

A study of micro-organisms: bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi. Emphasis is given to the 
identification and physiology of micro-organisms as well as to their role in disease, their economic 
importance and industrial applications. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 

22 GENETICS 

A general consideration of the principles governing inheritance including treatments of classical, 
molecular, cytological, physiological, microbial, human and population genetics. Prerequisite: 
Biology 10-11. 

23 ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY 

The mechanisms and functions of animal systems including the autonomic, endocrine, digestive, 
cardio-vascular, respiratory, renal, nervous, and reproductive systems. Mammalian physiology 
is stressed. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 

24 ECOLOGY 

The study of the principles of ecology with emphasis on the role of chemical, physical, and 
biological factors affecting the distribution and succession of plant and animal populations and 
communities. Included will be field studies of local habitats as well as laboratory experimentation. 
Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 

70 



BIOLOGY I 71 



30 COMPARATIVE ANATOMY OF VERTEBRATES 

Detailed examination of the origins, structure, and functions of the principal organs of vertebrates. 
Special attention is given to the progressive modification of organs from lower to higher 
vertebrates. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate Years. 

31 HISTOLOGY 

A study of the basic body tissues and the microscopic anatomy of the organs and structures of 
the body which are formed from them. Focus is on normal human histology. Prerequisite: Biology 
10-11. Alternate years. 

32 MICROTECHNIQUES 

A course designed to acquaint the student with the principles and techniques of preparing 
biological materials for microscopic study. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

33 ECONOMIC AND SYSTEMATIC BOTANY 

Structure and classification of plants, with emphasis on those species, particularly food and drug 
plants, having significance for human affairs. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

34 INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY 

Comparative study of the invertebrate phyla with emphasis on phylogeny, physiology, and 
morphology. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

40 PARASITOLOGY 

The biology of parasites and parasitism. Studies on the major groups of animal parasites, their 
taxonomy and life cycles, with an emphasis on those of medical and veterinary importance. 
Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

42 ANIMAL BEHAVIOR 

A study of the causation, function, evolution, and biological significance of animal behaviors in 
their normal environmental and social contexts. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

43 ICHTHYOLOGY 

The course will encompass the anatomy, taxonomy, and life histories of both freshwater and 
marine fish. Species of major economic and sport interest will be featured, while the areas of fish 
management, aquiculture, and fish harvesting will be considered. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 
Alternate years. 

44 BIOCHEMISTRY 

Emphasis is given to the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, proteins, and nucleic 
acids; integration of metabolism; and biochemical control mechanisms including allosteric 
control, induction, repression, as well as the various types of inhibitive control mechanisms. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 20-21 or Chemistry 5, or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

45 EVOLUTION 

A history of evolutionary thought, including the genetic, systematic, ecological, and zoo- 
geographical concepts which are related to the process of evolution. Prerequisite: Biology 10- 
11 . Alternate years. 

46 PLANT ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 

A study of plant physiology as a function of plant anatomy. Metabolic relationships and 
environmental factors will be examined from a background of the structure and development of 
cells, tissues, organs, and whole plants. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

47 IMMUNOLOGY 

The course introduces concepts concerning how pathogens cause disease and host defense 
mechanisms against infectious diseases. Characterization of and relationships between 
antigens, haptens, and antibodies are presented. Serological assays will include: agglutination 
precipitations, immunofluorescence, immunoelectrophoresis, and complement fixation. Other 
topics are: immediate and delayed hypersensitivities (i.e. allergies such as hay fever and poison 
ivy), immunological renal diseases, immunohematology (blood groups, etc.), the chemistry and 
function of complement, autoimunity and organ graft rejection phenomena. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

Professor: Hollenback (Chairman) 
Assistant Professors: King, Malcolm 
Instructor: Stauffer 
Lecturer: Larrabee 
Part-Time Instructor: Rauff 

The major is designed to train the student in analytical thinking and verbal 
and oral communication, in addition to educating him in the principal disciplines 
of business. To accomplish this, ten courses are required: Business 10-11, 23, 
28-29, 38-39, 40, and 41 and Mathematics 13. Accounting 10 may be 
substituted for Business 10 if a student changes his major. Majors also are 
urged to enroll in Economics 10/11; Business 35 and 36; Mathematics 1 2 and 
15. The additional elective offerings are intended to add depth in the areas of 
finance, marketing, and management. 

10-11 MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING 

The business firm is a decision-making institution adapting to a constantly changing environment. 
Future administrators and managers are introduced to their stewardship responsibilities by use 
of accounting and statistical techniques as tools in planning and controlling the organization. 

23 QUANTITATIVE BUSINESS ANALYSIS 

Techniques of quantitative analysis useful in business management. Topics include: sampling, 
hypothesis testing, index numbers, analysis of time series, linear programming, and decision 
theory. Prerequisite: Math 13 or consent of instructor. 

28-29 MARKETING MANAGEMENT 

Planning, organization, and control of the distribution activities of the firm, and an analysis and 
evaluation of the marketing system, its institutions and processes. Application of marketing 
principles and the development of strategies for specific marketing problems. Product, channel 
flow, promotion and pricing strategies explored. Readings, cases, and games. 

32 ADVERTISING 

Nature, scope, methods, and effects of promotion. Techniques of analysis and control in the use 
of advertising, and publicity as tools in developing business strategy. 

33 INVESTMENTS 

Analysis of the leading types of investments available to the individual and the firm. Use of 
forecasting methods, financial reports, and financial indicators. Methods of buying and selling 
securities with a discussion of the agencies involved including brokerage houses and stock 
exchanges. 

34 INSURANCE 

Analysis of the major insurance methods of overcoming risk, including: life, accident, health, 
marine, and social insurance. Fidelity and surety bonds. Commercial and government plans. 

35 LEGAL PRINCIPLES I 

Lectures and analysis of cases on the nature, sources, and fundamentals of the law in general, 
and particularly as relating to contracts, agency, and negotiable instruments. Open only to juniors 
and seniors. 

36 LEGAL PRINCIPLES II 

Lectures on the fundamentals and history of the law relating to legal associations, real property, 
wills, and estates. Open only to juniors and seniors. 

38-39 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 

Planning, organization, and control of the financial aspects of the firm. Development of financial 
principles and application to specific situations. Sources and uses of funds, costs of funds, profit 
determination, expansion, reorganization and liquidation Prerequisite: Business 11 or Account- 
ing 20, and Business 23. 

72 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION / 73 



40 MANAGEMENT CONCEPTS 

Structural characteristics and functional relationships of a business organization as well as the 
problems encountered in coordinating the internal resources of a firm. Emphasis on administrative 
efficiency and procedures. 

41 BUSINESS POLICIES 

Planning, organization, and control of business operations; setting of goals; coordination of 
resources; development of policies. Analysis of strategic decisions encompassing all areas of a 
business, and the use and analysis of control measures. Emphasis on both the internal 
relationship of various elements of production, finance, marketing, and personnel and the 
relationship of the business entity to external stimuli. Readings, cases, and games. Prerequisites: 
Business 23, 28-29, 38-39, and 40 or consent of instructor. Seniors only. 

42 PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 

An introduction to the managerial problems of recruiting, selecting, training, and retraining the 
human resources of the firm. Emphasis is placed on the interrelationship of personnel policies 
with management objectives and philosophies in such areas as fringe benefits, wage and salary 
policies, union activities, and health and safety. 

43 RETAIL MANAGEMENT I 

Planning, organization, and control of the retailing firm. Competitive strategy development 
through store location, layout, administrative organization, buying and pricing. Cases, reading, 
and papers. Alternate years. 

44 RETAIL MANAGEMENT II 

Inventory control, retail sales, promotion, and financial analysis of the enterprise. Survey of current 
issues and governmental, social, and economic forces of concern to the retailer. Retailing 
principles applied to specific management situations through cases, games, and reading. 
Prerequisite: Business 43 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

45 ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY 

An analysis of organizational design through the use of analytical models. Using the systems 
approach, an understanding of human behavior in formal organizations is developed, and 
practical problems of organizational design are discussed. Topics include: traditional organiza- 
tional theory, behavior patterns, organizational design, and change. Alternate years. 

46 PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT 

An introduction to the production function in industry. Topics include: product design, plant 
location and layout, operational analysis, performance standards, line balance theory, inventroy 
control, and the impact of automation through technological change. Alternate years. 




CHEMISTRY 



Professors: Hummer ( Chairman), Radspinner 
Assistant Professor: Franz 

A major consists of eight Chemistry courses: Chemistry 10-11, 20-21 , 30- 
31 , 32, and 33; Mathematics 18-19, 20, and Physics 10-1 1 . Mathematics 15 and 
21, and French, German, or Russian are highly recommended. Placement in 
Chemistry is determined, in part, by an examination taken by all students upon 
initial enrollment in the subject. Credit may not be earned for both Chemistry 
1 and 10 or for both Chemistry 2 and 1 1 . 

1-2 GENERAL CHEMISTRY 

An introduction to the fundamental principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, atomic and 
molecular structure and properties, the states of matter, solutions, kinetics, equilibrium, and 
nomenclature. A study of the chemistry of selected elements and their compounds is made 
through application of fundamental principles with particular attention focused on representative 
metals and their inorganic compounds and on the covalent chemistry of carbon including 
synthetic and naturally occurring compounds. The laboratory treats the qualitative analysis both 
of inorganic ions and of organic compounds as well as quantitative relationships. Three hours 
lecture, one hour discussion and one three-hour laboratory period per week. 

5 BRIEF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

This course is designed for those non-chemistry majors who elect a single semester course only 
in organic chemistry. The material will illustrate principles and concepts of organic chemistry 
supported by *hat descriptive material which would find application for students of medical 
technology, biology, nursing, forestry, education, and the humanities. Topics included are 
bonding and structure, alkanes, alkenes, arenes, and their functional derivatives, amino acids and 
proteins, carbohydrates, and other natural-occurring compounds. Three hours of lecture and one 
four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 2 or 11. 

10-11 ADVANCED GENERAL CHEMISTRY 

A rigorous introduction to the concepts and models of chemistry. The foundations of physical, 
analytical, and inorganic chemistry are emphasized. Both qualitative and quantitative analysis 
procedures are included in laboratory work as well as investigations of physical and chemical 
properties of compounds and mixtures. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, and one three- 
hour laboratory period per week. Prerequisite: Placement by examination. 

20-21 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

A systematic study of the compounds of carbon including both aliphatic and aromatic series. 
The laboratory work introduces the student to simple fundamental methods of organic synthesis, 
isolation, and analysis. Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 2 or 11 . 

30-31 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of the fundamental principles of theoretical chemistry and their applications. The 
laboratory work includes techniques in physiochemical measurements. Three hours lecture and 
one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 1 1 , Mathematics 20, and one 
year of Physics or consent of instructor. 

32 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of the fundamental methods of gravimetric, volumetric, and elementary instrumental 
analysis together with practice in laboratory techniques and calculations of these methods. Two 
hours lecture and two three-hour laboratory periods each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 1 1 or 
consent of instructor. 

33 ADVANCED INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

A study of modern theories of atomic and molecular structure and their relationship to the 
chemistry of selected elements and their compounds. Three hours lecture and one four-hour 
laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 30, Mathematics 20, and one year of 
Physics or consent of instructor. 



74 



CHEMISTRY/ 75 



39 INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS 

After presenting the origin, basic concepts and formulation of Quantum Mechanics with 
emphasis on its physical meaning the free particle, simple harmonic oscillator and central force 
problems will be investigated Both time independent and time dependent perturbation theory 
will be covered. The elegant operator formalism of quantum mechanics will conclude the course. 
Four hours of lecture and recitation. Prerequisites: Mathematics 21; either Chemistry 31 or 
Physics 23, and consent of instructor. 

40 ADVANCED ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

Selected topics, whcih may include mechanisms of organic reactions, synthesis, detailed 
structure and chemistry of natural products, polynuclear hydrocarbons, and aromatic heter- 
ocyclics Three hours lecture, Prerequisite: Chemistry 20-21 . 

41 QUALITATIVE ORGANIC ANALYSIS 

Theory and application of the systematic identification of pure organic compounds and mixtures. 
Two hours lecture and two three-hour laboratory periods each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 20. 

43 ADVANCED ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of advanced analytical methods with emphasis on chromatographic, electrochemical, 
and spectroscopic methods of analysis. Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period 
each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 31 and 32. 

44 BIOCHEMISTRY 

Emphasis is given to the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, proteins, and nucleic 
acids; integration of metabolism; and biochemical control mechanisms including allosteric 
control, induction, repression, as well as the various types of inhibitive control mechanisms. 
Prerequistie: Chemistry 21 or 5 or consent of instructor. 

45 SPECTROSCOPY AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE 

Theory and practice of molecular structure determination by spectroscopic methods. Three 
hours lecture. Pre or co-requisites: Chemistry 31, 33, or consent of instructor. 

48 CHEMISTRY COLLOQUIUM 

A seminar in which faculty, students, and invited professional chemists discuss their own 
research activities or those of others which have appeared in the recent chemical literature. 
Prerequisite: Three semesters of non-credit Chemistry Colloquium 00 taken during the junior and 
senior years. 




ECONOMICS 



Professor: Rabold (Chairman) 
Associate Professor: Opdahl 

The major has two tracks. Track I is designed for the student whose primary 
interest lies in business management; Track II is designed for students with an 
interest in graduate work, teaching, government, or non-business careers and 
for those with less defined interests. 

Track I — Managerial Economics requires: Economics 10/11, 32, and 41 ; 
Business 10-11, or Accounting 10 and 20; Business 38 and 39; plus two 
electives from the following: Economics 31, 35, 37, 43 and Business 40. 

Track II - Political Economy requires: Economics 10/1 1, 30, 31, 40, and five 
electives of which three must be in economics and two in political science, all 
selected with the advice and consent of the student's advisor or department 
chairman. 

In addition, the following courses are recommended: All majors — Math 13 
and Business 23; Majors planning graduate work — Math 18-19; Track II majors 
— Business 10-11. 

10/11 PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY* 

An introduction to the problem of scarcity; to the economic thought, principles, institutions, and 
systems to which the problem has given rise. 

20 MONEY AND BANKING 

Monetary and fiscal factors affecting the level of national income; financial organization of society; 
the banking system, credit institutions, capital markets, and international financial relations. 
Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11 . 

22/23 COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC SYSTEMS* 

The economic development and comparative analysis of contemporary economic systems, 
particularly capitalism, socialism, and communism. Alternate years. 

30/31 INTERMEDIATE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS* 

An analysis of contemporary value, distribution, and income theory. First semester is micro- 
economics; second is macroeconomics. Prerequisite: Economics 10/11. 

32 GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY 

An analytical survey of the areas of contact of government at all levels with the American economy, 
especially in the areas of anti-trust legislation and public utilities. Prerequisite: Economics 10/1 1 
or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

35 LABOR PROBLEMS 

The development of labor unions, particularly in the United States; consideration of the evolution 
of labor and wage theories, labor legislation, and contemporary issues of labor-management 
relations. Alternate years. 

37 PUBLIC FINANCE 

An analysis of the fiscal economics of the public sector, to include the development, concepts, 
and theories of public expenditures, taxation, and debt at all levels of American government. 
Includes also the use of fiscal policy as an economic control device. Prerequisite: Economics 10 
and 1 1 or consent of instructor. 

40 HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT 

A discussion of the origins, development, and significance of the economic ideas embodied in 
the works of Smith, Marx, Schumpeter, Keynes, and others. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 1 1 
or consent of instructor. 

' These two courses (one semester each) may be taken in either order, or only one may be taken. 
76 



ECONOMICS /77 



41 MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS 

The application of economic theory and methodology to the solution of business problems. 
Subjects include: optimizing techniques, risk analysis, demand theory, production theory, cost 
theory, linear programming, capital budgeting, market structures, and the theory of pricing. 
Prerequisites: Business 38 and 39 or consent of instructor. 

43 INTERNATIONAL TRADE 

A study of the principles, theory, development, and policies concerning international economic 
relations, with particular reference to the United States. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11. 
Alternate years. 

45 DEVELOPMENT OF UNDERDEVELOPED NATIONS 

A study of the theories and problems of capital accumulation, allocation of resources, 
technological development, growth, planning institutions and international relations encountered 
by the developing nations. Alternate years. 



EDUCATION 

Associate Professor: Schaeffer (Chairman) 
Assistant Professors: Conrad, Goodman, Keesbury 
Part-Time Instructor: Macbeth 

Education 20 and Psychology 38 are prerequisites to all other offerings in 
the Education Department. Education 20 must be taken at least two (2) 
semesters before the Professional Semester. 

Students seeking elementary certification must complete Mathematics 7, 
Education 30, 40, 41, and 42 as prerequisites to the Professional Semester, 
which includes Education 45, 47, and 48. They must also complete the 
Elementary Games section of the Physical Education course. 

Students seeking secondary certification must fulfill the requirements of a 
participation experience in area schools before the Professional Semester. 
Arrangements for participation are to be made through the Education Depart- 
ment. All requirements of the major must be completed in addition to the 
professional semester which includes Education 46, 47, and 49. 

20 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF EDUCATION 

A study of teaching as a profession with emphasis on the economic, social, political, and religious 
conditions which influence American schools and teachers. Consideration is given to the shcool 
environment, the curriculum, and the children with the intention that the student will examine more 
rationally his own motives for entering the profession. Not open to freshman. 

30 THE PSYCHOLOGY AND TEACHING OF READING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

A background course in the psychological, emotional, and physical basis of reading. A study 
of the learning process as it applies to reading, child development and the curriculum. The 
development of a reading program from the beginning (readiness) through principles, problems, 
techniques, and materials used in the total elementary schools. Observation of and participation 
with superior teachers in elementary schools of the Greater Williamsport Area. Prerequisites: 
Education 20 and Psychology 38. 

32 INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA AND COMMUNICATIONS 

A study of the value, design, construction, and application of the visual and auditory aids to 
learning. Practical experience in the handling of audio-visual equipment and materials is 
provided. Application of Audio -Visual Techniques. Application of the visual and auditory aids 
to learning. Students will plan and carry out actual teaching assignments utilizing various A-V 
devices. Summer session only. 



78 /EDUCATION 



39 PUBLIC SCHOOL CURRICULUM 

An examination of the various curricula of the public schools and their relationships to current 
practices. Special attention will be given to the meaning and nature of the curriculum; the 
desirable outcomes of the curriculum; conflicing and variant conceptions of curricular content, 
modern techniques of curricular construction; criteria for the evaluation of curricula; the 
curriculum as a teaching instrument. Emphasis will be placed upon the curriculum work within 
the teaching field of each individual. Summer session only. 

40 LANGUAGE ARTS AND CHILDREN'S LITERATURE FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

This course is designed to consider the principles, problems, materials, and techniques of 
teaching English, spelling, penmanship, choral speaking, and children's literature. Observation 
of superior teachers in elementary schools of the Greater Williamsport Area. Prerequisite: 
Education 30. 

41 TEACHING THE SOCIAL STUDIES IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

Studies and experiences to develop a basic understanding of the structure, concepts, and 
processes of anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science, and sociology as 
these relate to the elementary school social science curriculum. Practical applications, 
demonstrations of methods, and the development of integrated teaching units using texts, 
reference books, films, and other teaching materials. Prerequisite: Education 30. 

42 SCIENCE, HEALTH, AND SAFETY FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

Science methods and materials interpreting children's science experiences and guiding the 
development of their scientific concepts. A briefing of the science content of the curriculum, its 
material and use. An introduction to the methods of first aid, preservation of health, prevention 
of accidents, and the development of good health habits. Prerequisite: Education 30. 

45 METHODS OF TEACHING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

A study of methods and materials of teaching all elementary school subjects, including art and 
music, with a view to preparing students for their particular student teaching assignment. 
Demonstration lessons by students, micro-teaching, simulation activities, and group interrelation 
studies may be included. Prerequisite: Education 40, 41 , and 42. 

46 METHODS OF TEACHING IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL 

(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

A study of materials, methods, and techniques of teaching with emphasis on the student's major. 
Stress is placed on the selection and utilization of visual and auditory aids to learning. Students 
will teach demonstration lessons in the presence of the instructor and the members of the class 
and will observe superior teachers in the secondary schools of the Greater Williamsport Area. 
Prerequisites: Education 20, Psychology 38, and the Participation Experience. 

47 PROBLEMS IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN EDUCATION 

(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Seminar in the issues, problems and challenges encountered by teachers in the American public 

schools, especially those related to the student teaching experience. 

48 PRACTICE TEACHING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Two Units. Exceeds state mandated minimum requirements. Professional laboratory experience 
under the supervision of a selected cooperating teacher in a public elementary school of the 
Greater Williamsport Area. Organized learning experiences. Actual classroom experience." 

49 PRACTICE TEACHING IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL 

(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Two Units Exceeds state mandated minimum requirements. Professional laboratory experience 
under the supervision of a selected cooperating teacher in a public secondary school of the 
Greater Williamsport Area. Organized learning experiences. Emphasis on actual classroom 
experience, responsibility in the guidance program and out-of-class activites.* 

'Practice teachers are required to follow the calendar of the school district to which they are assigned. 



ENGLISH I 79 



ENGLISH 



Professor: Graham 

Associate Professor: Gustafson (Chairman), Madden 

Assistant Professors: Ford, Jensen, Rife, Sawyer 

A major consists of ten courses not including English 1 . These ten courses 
must include: 

Literary Periods — Four courses: one course to be chosen from each of these 
groups: English 20 or 21 ; English 22 or 23; English 24, 25, or 26; English 27, 
28, or 29. 

Genres and Particular Authors — Three courses: English 34 and one course 
from each of these groups: English 30, 31, or 33; English 35, 36 or 37. 

English Electives — Three courses: any three from English 12 and above not 
already taken to satisfy the preceding requirements. With the consent of the 
English department, an appropriate course from the offerings of other depart- 
ments may be substituted for an English elective. 

Majors seeking secondary certification in English are required to take 
English 46. 

1 RHETORIC 

Instruction and carefully supervised practice in the basic techniques of organizing and 
expressing facts and ideas. The topic or topics dealt with are selected by the instructor. 

12 INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE 

An introduction to the study of literature, this course is primarily designed for freshmen seeking 
an elective to fulfill half of their English Distribution requirement. Through lectures and 
discussions, the course will introduce the student to a variety of literary genres, including poetry, 
fiction, and drama. The lectures will be delivered by members of the English Department, and 
on occasion by members of other departments, and the discussions will be led by select upper- 
division English majors. 

20 MEDIEVAL LITERATURE 

A study of the epic, romance, lyric and drama from Beowulf to Malory's Le Morte Darthur and 
Everyman, with some attention to continental works influencing the development of English 
literature. 

21 RENAISSANCE LITERATURE 

A study of English literary traditions from 1500 through the Elizabethan Age within the context of 
humanism and the Reformation. Emphasis on the works of major writers: More, Spenser, Marlowe, 
Shakespeare, Jonson, and others. Some consideration of continental influences on works of the 
period. 

22 17TH CENTURY BRITISH LITERATURE 

By means of wide reading among the works of some major authors of the period , an understanding 
of the literature and the period will be pursued. 

23 18TH CENTURY BRITISH LITERATURE 

A close analysis of selected works of the major writers (from Pope and Swift to Johnson). Emphasis 
will be placed on the development of traditions of attitude (literary, social, and philosophical) and 
on the chief genres of the period. 

24 ROMANTIC LITERATURE (1780-1832) 

A study of the literary, philosophical, and historical significance of the Romantic Movement. 
Emphasis will be given to the poetry of Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, Keats 



80 1 ENGLISH 



25 VICTORIAN LITERATURE (1832-1901) 

A study of mapr works of British prose, poetry, and fiction from 1832 to 1901. Emphasis on the 
individual qualities of each selection, and on its relation to Victorian life and thought. Authors likely 
to be read include Dickens, Trollope, Eliot, Meredith, Thackeray, Hardy, Carlyle, Mill, Arnold, 
Ruskm, Newman, Pater, Tennyson, Browning, Swinburne, and Hopkins. 

26 PRE-CIVIL WAR AMERICAN LITERATURE 

A survey of American literature and thought before 1830, followed by more intensive study of the 
literature and thought of the period 1830-1860. Cooper, Emerson, Thoreau, Poe, Hawthorne, 
Melville, and others. 

27 20TH CENTURY BRITISH LITERATURE 

Chief attention will be paid to the major works of poetry, fiction, and drama from Conrad to Beckett, 
with emphasis on the development of peculiarly 20th Century forms and traditions. 

28 POST-CIVIL WAR AMERICAN LITERATURE 

Major writers, movements, and influences in American Literature from about 1860-1950, with 
strong emphasis on Naturalism and Realism. Twain, James, Crane, Hemingway, Fitzgerald, 
Faulkner, O'Neill, Robinson, Frost, Eliot, Stevens, ef a/. 

29 CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE 

Represen tative works of major figures of the post-World War 1 1 period, British, American, and some 
Continental. Auden, Pinter, Murdoch, Amis, Hughes, Thomas, Greene; Beckett, Grass, Camus, 
Sartre; Albee, Bellow, Heller, Vonnegut, Lowell, ef al. This course may be structured around a 
single theme or idea, such as " The Search for a Father," "The Contemporary Wasteland," or "The 
Function of Violence in the Modern World." 

30 THE NATURE OF DRAMA 

An examination of the forms and techniques of the drama. The course will vary in content and 
may focus on one or several playwrights or periods. 

31 THE NATURE OF POETRY 

Poetry will be studied with special attention given to considering the "kinds" (e.g. lyric, epic, etc:) 
of poetry, and the various ways of reading poems. 

33 THE NATURE OF FICTION 

An examination of the forms and techniques of fiction, with emphasis on the development of the 
genre from the eighteenth century to the present. 

34 INTRODUCTION TO LITERARY CRITICISM 

A study of major critical approaches to the reading of literature. Practice in writing formal critical 
analyses of selected works. 

35 CHAUCER 

A study of the major poetry of Chaucer, with emphasis on The Canterbury Tales and Troilus and 
Criseyde, with some reference to the traditions out of which these works arose. 

36 SHAKESPEARE 

A study of selected major plays, with emphasis given to their relation to Shakespeare's age and 
our own. 

37 SELECTED AUTHORS 

An intensive study of one or more authors, selected on the basis of student and faculty interest. 
This course may be repeated for credit. 

40 LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE: FORMAL APPROACHES 

The general subject of such a course might be the history and theory of literature, with, for 
example, the specific topic being the relationships between the development of the English 
language and its poetics by means of a consideration of traditional metric theories in light of 
current linguistic research; or, the general subject of such a course might be semantics and 
theories of meaning, with attention given to various schools of thought such as those of the 
semanticists, the General Semanticists, the Semologists, and so on; or, the course might take up 
special topics in linguistics. This course may be repeated for credit. 



ENGLISH I 81 



41 TRADITIONAL THEMES IN LITERATURE 

Persistent themes, legends, and ideas in literature — King Arthur, Faust, Utopia; alienation, rite de 
passage, the quest, existentialism, determinism, and the like. This course may be repeated for 
credit. 

42 LITERATURE IN ITS EXTERNAL RELATIONS 

Emphasis will be on literature in its relation to specific cultural manifestations. Individual courses 
may be organized around such materials as Literature and Psychology, Literature and 
Industrialism, Literature and Philosophy, and so on. This course may be repeated for credit. 

43 CONTRASTIVE STUDIES 

Emphasis will be on comparisons and contrasts among the literatures of more than one period, 
nation, or group, or among literature and other media. Individual courses might consider such 
constrastive materials as American and Russian Frontier Literature; Literature of the Folk and of 
the Establishment, and so on. This course may be repeated for credit. 

44 WRITING WORKSHOP: NON-FICTION 

A workshop course dealing with the professional treatment of factual material for magazines or 
newspapers. Emphasis on the informal essay, feature article, interview, or news story with 
consideration of the interests of individual students. Roundtable discussions will be sup- 
plemented by personal conferences. This course may be repeated for credit. 

45 WRITING WORKSHOP: FICTION, POETRY 

Emphasis will be on practical experience in writing imaginative literature (e.g. poetry, short story, 
drama, etc.). The course will focus on a single form of imaginative writing. May be repeated for 
credit. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 

46 THE STRUCTURE AND HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 

A study of modern language theories as applied to Modern English and its historical origins. 
Emphasis in any given semester will be on Structural or Generative-Transformational approaches 
to the understanding of language. 

48 SENIOR SEMINAR 

A comprehensive study of the range of English and American literature, cutting across genres 
and periods. Specific content and approach may vary with the instructor. This course may be 
repeated for credit. Limited to senior majors. 





FOREIGN LANGUAGES 
AND LITERATURE 



Associate Professors: Flam, Maples 

Assistant Professors: Winston (Chairman), Dufour, 

MacKenzie, Rassoul 

Part-Time Instructor: Picot 



Study of foreign languages and literatures offers opportunity to explore, 
broadly, the varieties of human experience and thought. It contributes both to 
personal and to international understanding by providing competence in a 
foreign language and a critical acquaintance with the literature and culture of 
foreign peoples. A major can serve as entree to careers in business, industry, 
government, publishing, education, journalism, social agencies, translating, 
and writing. It prepares for graduate work in literature or linguistics and the 
international fields of politics, commerce, law, health, and area studies. 

FRENCH, GERMAN, RUSSIAN, and SPANISH are offered as major fields 
of study. The major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above. Majors 
seeking teacher certification and students planning to enter graduate school 
are advised to begin study of a second foreign language. The department 
encourages the development in breadth of programs including allied courses 
from related fields or a second major, and also individual or established 
interdisciplinary majorscombining interest in several literaturesorareaorcross- 
cultural studies, for example: Soviet Area Studies, Western European Studies, 
20th Century Studies, the Major in Literature. Majors, teaching certification 
candidates, and in fact all college students are encouraged to spend at least 
a semester of study abroad by applying to one of the many programs available. 
The department maintains a file of such programs. The department also 
participates in a student exchange program with the Padagogische 
Hochschule of Gottingen. 



FOREIGN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES 

(Wholly or partially taught in English) 

25 CONTINENTAL LITERATURE 

A study of such major continental authors as Cervantes, Dostoevsky, Chekov, Dante, Ibsen, 
Proust, Gide, Kafka, Hesse, Goethe, Sartre, Camus, Brecht, and lonesco. Works read in English 
translation will vary and be organized around a different theme or topic; recent topics have been 
existentialism and modernism. Prerequisite: None. May be repeated for credit with consent of 
instructor. 

38 FOREIGN LANGUAGE: SYSTEMS AND PROCESS 

Study of basic linguistic concepts as a tool for language learning and teaching. Discussion and 
application of modern language teaching techniques. Designed for future teachers of foreign 
languages. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 



82 



FRENCH 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 1 or above, including at least 
one numbered 40 or above. Foreign Languages and Literatures 25 may be 
included in the major. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 23, 31 , 
Foreign Languages and Literatures 38, and at least two courses numbered 40 
or above. A language proficiency test is required of these students during their 
senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to using them. Regular 
practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use in speaking, 
understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: 
French 2 or equivalent. 

20 CONVERSATION 

Designed to develop conversational fluency and comprehension through small group dis- 
cussions focusing on topics from readings in modern French culture, such as French social 
attitudes and French-American cultural differences. Some attention to grammar and writing. 
Prerequisite: French 11 or equivalent. 

23 INTRODUCTION TO LITERARY STUDIES 

Studies in French literature, with emphasis on critical reading and interpretation. Discussions, 
lectures, oral exposes, papers. Prerequisite: French 20 or equivalent. 

28 MODERN FRANCE 

A course designed to familiarize students with political and social structures and cultural attitudes 
in contemporary French society. Materials studied may include such documents as newspaper 
articles, interviews, and sociological surveys, and readings in history, religion, anthropology, and 
the arts. Some attention to the changing educational system and the family and to events and 
ideas which have shaped French society. May include some comparative study of France and 
the United States 

English Section: Not applicable toward satisfying Foreign Language distribution requirement 
Prerequisite: None. 

French Section: Offers readings, papers, and interviews in French for students with sufficient 
language skill. Can be applied toward Foreign Language distribution requirement. Prerequisite: 
French 10 or equivalent competency as determined by the department. 

31 FRENCH GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of complex grammatical rules and their practical application in speaking and writing. 
Recommended for all majors. 

41 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE MIDDLE AGES AND THE RENAISSANCE 

A study of selected works from La Chanson de Roland to Montaigne. Prerequisite: French 23 or 
consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

43 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 17TH CENTURY 

A study of major texts of the period: preciosite, the origins and theories of French classicism, 
Corneille, Pascal, Descartes Classical tragedy and comedy: Racine, Moliere, La Fontaine, Mme. 
de La Fayette, La Bruyere. Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of insturctor. Alternate years. 

45 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 18TH CENTURY 

The literary expression of ideas: Montesquieu. Voltaire, Rousseau, and the Encyclopedists. 
Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years 

47 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 19TH CENTURY 

The dimensions of the Romantic sensibility: Musset, Hugo, Vigny, Balzac, Stendhal. Realsim and 
Naturalism in the novels of Flaubert and Zola. Reaction in the poetry of Baudelaire, Rimbaud, 
Verlame, and Mallarme Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

83 



48 MODERN FRENCH THEATRE 

Major trends in French drama from the turn of the century to Existentialism and the Theatre of the 
Absurd. Giraudoux, Anouilh, Sartre, Camus, Beckett, lonesco, Genet, Adamov, and others. 
Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

49 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

Representative poets and novelists of modern France. Readings selected from the works of 
authors such as Proust, Gide, Aragon, Giono, Maunac, Celine, Malraux, Saint-Exupery, Camus, 
the "new novelists" (Robbe-Gnllet, Butor, Sarraute, Le Clezio), and the poetry of Apollinaire, 
Valery, the Surrealists (Breton, Reverdy, Eluard, Char), Saint-John Perse, Supervielle, Prevert, and 
others. Some attention to works of French-speaking African writers. Prerequisite: French 23 or 
consent of instructor. Alternate years. 



GERMAN 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 1 or above, one of which may 
be Foreign Languages and Literatures 25. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 31 , 33, 
34, and Foreign Language and Literatures 38. A language proficiency test is 
required of these students during their senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to using them. Regular 
practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 IMTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use in speaking, 
understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: 
German 2 or equivalent. 

20 CONVERSATION 

Designed to develop aural comprehension and conversational fluency. Readings and dis- 
cussions on topics of contemporary society in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. Some attention 
to grammar and writing. Prerequisite: German 11 or equivalent. 

31 GERMAN GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of intonation, complex grammatical rules and their practical application, styhstics, and a 
brief survey of the development of the language. Recommended for all majors. 

33 SURVEY OF GERMAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Selected literature of the Old High and Middle High German periods, of the late Middle Ages and 
Baroque. Prerequisite: German 20 or consent of instructor. 

34 SURVEY OF GERMAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Representative masterpieces of New High German literature beginning with the era of the 
Enlightenment. Prerequisite: German 20 or consent of instructor. 

40 GOETHE 

A study of the life and works of Goethe Goethe's significance in the Classical period and later. 
Readings in the major works. Prerequisite: German 33 or 34 or consent of instructor. 

41 CLASSICAL GERMAN DRAMA 

The development of das klassische Drama with emphasis on works of Lessing, Goethe, and 
Schiller. Prerequisite German 20. 

42 MODERN GERMAN DRAMA 

The emergence of modern Drama commencing with Buchner and leading to Brecht. Prerequisite: 
German 20. 

43 THE NOVELLE 

The German Novelle as a genre relating to various literary periods. Prerequisite: German 20. 

84 



45 GERMAN POETRY 

A study of selected poets or the poetry of various literary periods. Prerequisite: German 33 or 34 
or consent of instructor. 

47 MODERN GERMAN LITERATURE 

A study of the major movements and writers from Naturalism, Expressionism, and the postwar 
period. Hauptmann, Rilke, Mann, Hesse, Kaiser, and others Prerequisite: German 33 or 34 or 
consent of instructor. 

GREEK 

Greek is not offered as a major. 

1-2 NEW TESTAMENT GRAMMAR AND READINGS 

Fundamentals of New Testament Greek grammar and readings of selected passages of the Greek 
text. Alternate years. 

1 1 THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO ST. MARK 

A critical reading of the Greek text with special attention to exegetical questions. Alternate years. 

12 THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS 

A critical reading of the Greek text with special attention being given to the theology of St. Paul. 
Alternate years. 

HEBREW 

Hebrew is not offered as a major. 

1-2 OLD TESTAMENT GRAMMAR AND READINGS 

Fundamentals of Old Testament Hebrew grammar and readings of selected passages of the 
Hebrew text. Alternate years. 

11-12 INTERMEDIATE OLD TESTAMENT HEBREW 

A critical reading of the Old Testament Hebrew text with special attention to exegetical questions. 
The text read varies from year to year. Alternate years. 

RUSSIAN 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 1 or above, one of which may 
be Foreign Languages and Literature 25. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 20-21, 
33, 34, and Foreign Languages and Literatures 38. A language proficiency test 
is required of these students during their senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to using them. Regular 
practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use in speaking, 
understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: 
Russian 2 or equivalent. 

20-21 ADVANCED 

Designed to develop a high degree of aural comprehension and conversational fluency. Directed 
composition and readings. Prerequisite: Russian 11 or equivalent. 

33 SURVEY OF RUSSIAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Russian literature, representative 
authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course deals with the literature through 
Dostoevski. Required of all majors and open to students majoring in other departments after 
consultation with the instructor. 



85 



86 1 FOREIGN LANGUAGES 



34 SURVEY OF RUSSIAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint students with important periods of Russian literature, representative 
authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course starts with Tolstoy. Required of 
all majors and open to students majoring in other departments after consultation with the 
instructor. 

43 RUSSIAN SHORT STORY 

Study of historical development of the short story form in Russia. Lectures, reports, and class 
analysis. 

47 SOVIET LITERATURE 

Survey of major literary figures, movements, styles. Revolution and its impact on literature and 
writers. Revival of the psychological novel, short story, contemporary poetry. 

48 READINGS IN MODERN RUSSIAN 

Representative readings and translation of Soviet periodicals and selected texts in social 
sciences. Study of current political and social terminology, Soviet idioms. 



SPANISH 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above, including at least 
one numbered 40 or above. Normally, Foreign Languages and Literatures 25 
does not count toward the major. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 31 , 38, 
pass Spanish 31 and Foreign Language and Literatures 38 and one from 33, 
34, or 35. A language proficiency test is required of these students during their 
senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to using them. Regular 
practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use in speaking, 
understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: 
Spanish 2 or equivalent. 

20 ADVANCED 

The purpose of this course is to improve the students's ability in spontaneous conversations, 
focusing on everyday activities and matters of current concern as suggested in readings from 
Latin American and peninsular sources. Vocabulary building is stressed. Prerequisite: Spanish 
1 1 or equivalent. 

28 CONTEMPORARY HISPANIC LIFE 

To introduce students to the Spanish people — their values, customs and institutions, with 
reference to the major socio-economic, political and artistic forces governing present-day Spain 
Readings will include selections from periodical literature as will as historical and literary texts. 
Lectures in English. 

English section: Not applicable toward satisfying the Foreign Language Distribution require- 
ments. Prerequisite: None. 

Spanish Section: Students with sufficient language skill wishing to take this course for credit 
towards the Foreign Language distribution requirement will be given special readings and other 
assignments in Spanish. Prerequisite: Spanish 1 1 or equivalent competency as determined by 
the department. 

31 SPANISH GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of intonation, complex grammatical rules and their practical application, and a brief survey 
of the development of the language. Recommended for all majors. 



HISTORY 1 87 



33 SURVEY OF SPANISH LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish literature, representative 
authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course deals with the literature from the 
beginning through the 17th century. Open to students majoring in other departments after 
consultation with instructor. Alternate years. 

34 SURVEY OF SPANISH LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish literature, representative 
authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course deals with the literature from the 
18th century to the present. Open to students majoring in other departments after consultation 
with the instructor. Alternate years. 

35 SURVEY OF SPANISH AMERICAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish-American literature, 
representative authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course deals with the 
literature, especially the essay and poetry, from 16th century to present. Prerequisite: Consent 
of instructor. Alternate years. 

44 SPANISH LITERATURE OF THE GOLDEN AGE 

A study of representative works and principal literary figures in the poetry, prose, and drama of 
the 16th and 17th centuries, from Fernando de Rojas to Calderon. Prerequisite: Consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

47 19TH CENTURY NOVEL 

Regionalism, realism, and naturalism in prose fiction, with emphasis on the workds of Galdos. 
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

48 THE GENERATION OF '98 

Principal literary figures of the early 20th century: Unamuno, Azorin, Valle Inclan, Baroja, 
Benavente, Machado, Jimenez, etc. Prerequsisite: Consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

49 SPANISH AMERICAN NOVEL 

Twentieth Century novelists from Azuela to Garcia Marquez. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 



HISTORY 

Associate Professor: Piper (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Larson 
Part-Time Instructor: Ewing 

A major consists of ten courses including History 1 and 1 1 . Religion 26 and 
/or 27 may be counted toward a major. History majors seeking secondary 
certification are required to take History 12 and 13. In addition to the courses 
listed below, special courses and individual studies are available — recent 
topics include the American Indian, European Left, Peace Movements, Violence 
in American, and Tudor-Stuart England. 

10 MODERN WORLD (1500-1815) 

An examination of the political, social, cultural, and intellectual history of Europe and its relations 
with other areas of the world from 1500 to 1815. 

1 1 MODERN WORLD (1815-Present) 

An examination of the political, social, cultural, and intellectual history of Europe and its relations 
with other areas of the world from 1815 to present. 

12 UNITED STATES HISTORY (1763-1877) 

A study of the men, measures, and movements which have been significant in the development 
of the United States between 1763 and 1877 Attention is paid to the problems of minority groups 
and to aspects of Pennsylvania history as well as to majority and national influences. 



88 1 HISTORY 



13 UNITED STATES HISTORY SINCE 1877 

A study of the men, measures, and movements which have been significant in the development 
of the United States since 1877. Attention is paid to the problemsof minority groups and to aspects 
of Pennsylvania history as well as to majority and national influences. 

20 ANCIENT GREECE 

A study of the origins of civilization in the ancient Near East, its diffusion to other areas, and the 
foundations of the western tradition in Greece. The political, social, and cultural experiences and 
the intellectual, literary, and aesthetic achievements of the Greeks will be examined. Alternate 
years. 

21 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC AND EMPIRE 

The emergence and expansion of the Roman state, its conquest of the Mediterranean, its 
experience as a republic, its transformation into the Empire, the Empire as a major factor in history. 
The role of Rome in the continuation and modification of the western tradition will be examined. 
Alternate years. 

22 MEDIEVAL EUROPE AND ITS NEIGHBORS 

The history of Europe from the dissolution of the Roman Empire to the mid-fifteenth century. The 
course will deal with the growing estrangement of western Catholic Europe from Byzantium and 
Islam, culminating in the Crusades; the rise of the Islamic Empire and its laterfragmentation; the 
development and growth of feudalism; the conflict of empire and papacy, and the rise of towns. 
Alternate years. 

28 AFRO-AMERICAN HISTORY 

A study of the experiences and participation of Afro-Americans in the United States. The course 
includes historical experiences such as slavery, abolition, reconstruction, and urbanization. It also 
raises the issue of the development and growth of white racism, and the effect of this racism on 
contemporary Afro-American social, intellectural, and political life. 

30 20TH CENTURY EUROPE TO 1929 

An intensive study of various aspects of the political, economic, social, and intellectual History 
of Europe from 1 900 to 1 929. Topics include the irrationalist movement, the causes of imperialism, 
the origins of the First World War, the Russian Revolution and establishment of the Soviet Regime, 
and the attempts at peacemaking after 1918. Prerequisite: history 11 or consent of insturctor. 
Alternate years. 

31 20TH CENTURY EUROPE SINCE 1929 

An intensive study of various aspects of the policial, economic, social, and intellectual history of 
Europe from 1929 to the present. Topics include the nature of fascism, development of Stalinist 
Russia, outbreak of World War II, origins of the Cold War, and the economic reconstruction and 
integration of Western Europe since 1945. Prerequisite: History 11 or consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 

32-33 CONFLICT IN WESTERN SOCIETY 

An in-depth study of the role of international conflict in the shaping of the Western World and the 
efforts to eliminate or restrict its destructiveness. Following a brief survey of the evolving nature 
of warfare and society, the course will center on topics such as the rise of the concept of the 
balance of power, alliance politics, theories of deterrence, problems of peacemaking, efforts at 
disarmament, and the evolving nature of civil-military relations. Prerequisite: History 10 and 11 
or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

34 AMERICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS 

A study of the course of relations of the United States with foreign nations from independence 
through World War I. Alternate years. 

35 AMERICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS 

A detailed study of the formulation and application of American foreign policies since 1918. 
Alternate years. 

37 COLONIAL AMERICA AND THE REVOLUTIONARY ERA 

The establishment of British settlements on the American continent, their history as colonies, the 
causes and events of the American Revolution, the Critical Period following independence, and 
proposal and adoption of the United States Constitution. Alternate years. 



HISTORY 1 89 



38 CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION 

The problems and events leading to war, the political and military history of the war, and the bitter 
aftermath to the Compromise of 1877. Alternate years. 

40 HISTORY OF RENAISSANCE THOUGHT 

A study of the classical, humanist, and scholastic elements involved in the development of the 
Renaissance outlook, views, and values, both in Italy and in Northern Europe. The various 
combination of circumstances which constitute the historical context of these intellectual 
developments will be noted. Prerequisite: History 10 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

41 HISTORY OF REFORMATION THOUGHT 

A study of the ideas and systems of ideas propounded prior to the Reformation but which are 
historically related to its inception and of the ideas and systems of ideas involved in the formation 
of the major Reformation, Protestant traditions and in the Catholic Reformation. Included are the 
ideas of the humanists of the Reformation Era. Prerequisite: History 10 or consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 

42 U.S. SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL HISTORY TO 1865 

A study of the social and intellectual experience of the United States from its colonial antecedence 
through reconstruction. Among the topics considered are Puritanism, Transcendentalism, 
community life and organization, education and social reform movements. Prerequisite: 2 courses 
from History 12, 13, 28, or consent of instructor Alternate years. 

43 U.S. SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL HISTORY SINCE 1865 

A study of the social and intellectual experience of the United States from reconstruction to the 
present day . Among the topics considered are Social Darwinism, Pragmatism, community life and 
organization, education and social reform movements. Prerequisite: 2 courses from History 12, 
13, 28, or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

44 FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON 

An analysis of the political, social, and intellectual background of the French Revolution, a survey 
of the course of revolutionary development, and an estimate of the results of the Napoleonic 
conquests and administration. Prerequisite: History 10 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

45 INDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANIZATION OF MODERN EUROPE 

A study of the rise of industrialism and its impact on social, economic, and intellectual 
developments. Prerequisite: History 10 and 11 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

46 TOPICS IN RUSSIAN HISTORY 

Studies of various aspects of prerevolutionary Russia evolving around the theme of the failure of 
the Tsarist regime to successfully overcome the challenge of the modern world. Prerequisite: 
History 10 and 11 , or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

47 TOPICS IN SOVIET HISTORY 

Studies of various aspects of political, economic, social, and cultural history of the USSR since 
1917. Prerequisite: History 10 and 11 , or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

48 TOPICS IN 20TH CENTURY UNITED STATES RELIGION 

The study of historical and cultural developments in American society which relates to religion 
or are commonly called religious. This involves consideration of the institutional and intellectual 
development of several faith groups as well as discussion of certain problems. The problems 
include the persistence of religious bigotry and the changing modes of Church-State rela- 
tionships. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

49 THE HIGH MIDDLE AGES 

The flowering of a distinctive medieval civilization in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. The 
political, social, economic, intellectual, ecclesiastical, literary, and aesthetic facets of this 
civilization will be studied in their relationship to each other. Alternate years. 



MATHEMATICS 



Professor: Skeath (Chairman) 

Assistant Professors: Feldmann, Getchell, Henninger 

Instructors: Lambert, Sausman 

A major consists of ten courses numbered 10 or above; Mathematics 18- 
1 9, 20, 34, and 35 and fourothercourses numbered above 20 must be included. 
Students seeking secondary certification in Mathematics are required to take 
Math 30 and 36 and are advised to take Philosophy 26. All majors are advised 
to elect Philosophy 24 and 36. In addition to the courses listed below, special 
courses are occasionally available — recent topics include: Optimization 
Theory, Theory of Numbers, Lattice Theory, History of Mathematics, Graph 
Theory, Four-Color Problem, and Applied Probability. 

1 INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICS 

An introduction to the following mathematics topics: Set theory, probability, analytic geometry, 
calculus, computer science. Since these subjects are explored in greater depth in later courses, 
taking this course may help a student in selecting additional mathematics courses. Open only 
to freshmen or consent of the instructor. 

3 INTRODUCTION TO CALCULUS 

An intuitive approach to the calculus concepts with applications to business, biology, and social 
science problems. Not open to students who have completed Math 18. 

6 ELEMENTARY GEOMETRY 

All aspects of Euclidean Geometry which are needed by elementary school teachers are covered 
in amodern, but informal, fashion. Subjects include: geometric objects, measurement, symmetry, 
similarity, parallels, and coordinate geometry. 

7 MATHEMATICS FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

A study of content, objectives, materials, and methods of instruction. Topics include a 
development of the real number system and its various subsystems, nondecimal arithmetic, 
geometry, probability, and algorithms for the four basic operations. Observations of superior 
teachers in elementary school of the Greater Williamsport Area. Co-requisite: Education 20 or 
application to the elementary education program. 

12 FINITE MATHEMATICS FOR DECISION MAKING 

Matrix solution of systems of linear equations, linear programming, theory of games, Markov 
chains. 

13 INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS 

Describing distributions of measurements, probability and random variables, binomial and 
normal probability distributions, statistical inference from small samples, linear regression and 
correlation, analysis of enumerativedata. Includes laboratory experience with the desk calculator. 

15 COMPUTER SCIENCE 

Study of mathematics relevant to computing. A survey of machine and symbolic programming. 
Introduction to FORTRAN IV programming. Includes laboratory experience on an IBM 1130. 

17 PRECALCULUS MATHEMATICS 

The study of logarithmic, exponential, trigonometric, polynomial and rational functions, their 
graphs and elementary properties. 

18-19 ANALYTIC GEOMETRY AND CALCULUS Ml 

The study of the concepts of limits and continuity, differentiation and integration of algebraic and 
transcendental functions, maximum and minimum, related rates, polar coordinates, vectors, solid 
geometry, convergent and divergent series, partial differentiation, multiple integrals. Prerequisite: 
Math 17 or equivalent. 

90 



MATHEMATICS 1 91 



20 CALCULUS III AND MATRIX ALGEBRA 

Further work in convergent and divergent series, matrix algebra, and selected topics. Prere- 
quisite: Mathematics 19. 

21 DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 

Methods of solving differential equations, including Laplace transforms, differential operators and 
variation of parameters. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20. 

24 FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 

Topics include the nature of mathematical systems, essentials of logical reasoning, axiomatic 
foundation of set theory, and transfinite induction. Prerequisite: Mathematics 18 or consent of 
instructor. 

30 TOPICS IN GEOMETRY 

An axiomatic treatment of Euclidean geometry, and an introduction to related geometries. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 18. Alternate years. 

31 INTRODUCTION TO NUMERICAL ANALYSIS 

Study and analysis of tabulated data leading to interpolation, numerical solution of equations and 
systems of equations, numerical integration. Co-requisite: Mathematics 21. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 15. Alternate years. 

32-33 MATHEMATIC STATISTICS Ml 

A study of probability, discrete and continuous random variables, expected values and moments, 
sampling, point estimation, sampling distributions, interval estimation, test of hypotheses, 
regression and linear hypotheses, experimental design models. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20. 
Alternate years. 

34 ABSTRACT ALGEBRA 

An introduction to groups, rings, and fields. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20 or 24. 

35 LINEAR ALGEBRA 

An introduction to vector spaces and linear transformations. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20 or 24. 

36 CONCEPTS OF MATHEMATICS IN SECONDARY EDUCATION 

A course designed for mathematics majors who are planning to teach at the secondary level. 
Emphasis will be placed on the mathematics that forms the foundation of secondary mathematics. 
Ideas will be presented to familiarize the student with various curriculum proposals, to provide 
for innovation within the existing curriculum and to expand the boundaries of the existing 
curriculum. Prerequisite: Open only to junior and senior math majors enrolled in the secondary 
education program. 

40 APPLIED ANALYSIS 

Topics selected from vector analysis, tensors, matrices, partial differential equations and the 
calculus of variations. Prerequisite: Mathematics 21 . Alternate years. 

41 INTRODUCTION TO TOPOLOGY 

An introduction to metric spaces, abstract topological spaces, mappings, separation, complete- 
ness, compactness, and connectedness. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20. Alternate years. 

42 REAL ANALYSIS 

Construction of the real number system. A rigorous study of infinite series and continuity, 
differentiation and integration of real valued functions. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20 Alternate 
years. 

43 COMPLEX ANALYSIS 

Introduction to the complex number system, functions of a complex variable, transformations, 
analytic functions, and complex integration. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20. Alternate years. 



MUSIC 



Professors: Morgan (Chairman), Mclver 
Associate Professors: Russell, Sheaffer 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10and above. Eachmajormust 
complete one-half unit of applied music each semester as follows: participation 
in an ensemble (67, 68, 69), and three half-hour music lessons (60 to 66), or 
their equivalent. 

1-2 INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC 

A basic course designed to acquaint the student with the nature of music. Extensive guided 
listening is used to help the student to become perceptive. 

10-11 MUSIC THEORY I AND II 

An integrated course in musicianship including sight singing, ear training, written and keyboard 
harmony. 

20-21 MUSIC THEORY III AND IV 

A continuation of the integrated course moving toward newer uses of musical materials. 
Prerequisite: Music 11. Alternate years. 

28 COUNTERPOINT 

A study of the five species in two, three, and four-part writing. Alternate years. 

29 ORCHESTRATION 

A study of modern orchestral instruments, and examination of their use by the great masters with 
practical problems in instrumentation. Alternate years. 

30 COMPOSITION 

Creative writing in smaller vocal and instrumental forms. The college musical organizations serve 
to make performance possible. Alternate years. 

31 CONDUCTING 

A study of the fundamentals of conducting with frequent opportunity for practical experience. 
Alternate years. 

32 ELECTRONIC MUSIC I 

The course involves learning the function and operational techniques of the components of an 
electronic music studio. The modules involved include tape recorders and signal generators. 
Tape recording techniques from the beginning stages through advanced use of quad-radial 
stereo sound are involved. In addition, the operation and understanding of various wave forms, 
individually and collectively, will be included. 

33 ELECTRONIC MUSIC II 
Continuation of Music 32. 

35 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE TO J.S. BACH 

A survey of the history of music from antiquity to the beginning of the 1 8th century with emphasis 
on nonmensural chant, the beginnings of harmony and counterpoint and their development. 
Prerequisite: Music 2. Alternate years. 

36 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF THE 18TH CENTURY 

Emphasizing the achievements of the late Baroque and largely concerned with the lives and works 
of Bach, Handel, Haydn, and Mozart. Prerequisite: Music 2. Alternate years. 

42 ELECTRONIC MUSIC III 

A continuation of the processes begun in Music 32 and 33 plus the addition of the study of and 
practice in the use of various methods of signal modification. Also included is the study of form 
in electronic music. Prerequisite: Music 33. 



92 



43 ELECTRONIC MUSIC IV 

A study of mixing and equalization techniques as applied to multiple track electronic music 
composition. Prerequisite: Music 42. 

45 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF THE 19TH CENTURY 

A survey of the music of the 19th century, including study of Beethoven, Chopin, Schubert, 
Brahms, Wagner, and Debussy and their principal media and forms. Prerequisite: Music 2. 
Alternate years. 

46 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

The survey of music history culimates with the study of the works of such moderns as Stravinsky, 
Bartok, Prokofief , Schostakovich, Barber, Copland, Menotti, and Stockhausen. Attention is given 
to atonality and expressionism. Prerequisite: Music 2. Alternate years. 

APPLIED MUSIC 

The study of performance in Piano, Voice, Organ, Strings, Brass, Wood- 
winds, and Percussion is designed to develop sound technique and a 
knoowledge of the appropriate literature. Student recitals offer oppoortunity to 
gain experience in performance. Music majors or other qualified students in 
performance may present formal recitals. 

Credit for Applied Music courses (Music 60 through 69) is earned on a 
fractional basis— SEE PAGE 58 for the fractional values involved. An Applied 
Music Course (60 series) should NOT be substituted for an academic course 
in a student's schedule but should be IN ADDITION TO the normal four 
academic courses taken per semester. 

Private Instruction In: 

60 Piano 62 Strings 64 Brass 66 Percussion 

61 Voice 63 Organ 65 Woodwinds 



67 PIANO ENSEMBLE 

A course designed to explore piano literature for four and eight hands. 

68 VOCAL ENSEMBLE 

A course designed to enable any student possessing at least average vocal talent to study choral 
technique Emphasis is placed upon tone production, diction and phrasing. 

69 INSTRUMENTAL ENSEMBLE 

A course directed toward developing fine ensemble music through a study of group instrumental 
procedures. 



93 



PHILOSOPHY 



Assistant Professor: Herring (Chairman), 
Assistant Professor: Griffith, Whelan 



The study of philosophy develops a critical understanding of the basic 
concepts and presuppositions around which we organize our thought in 
science, religion, education, morality, the arts, and other human enterprises. A 
major in philosophy, together with appropriate courses, can provide an 
excellent preparation for policy-making positions of many kinds, for graduate 
study in several fields, and for careers in education, law, and the ministry. The 
major consists of at least eight courses numbered 10 or above, at least six of 
which must be numbered 20 or above. These courses must include Philosophy 
32 or 33, 34 or 35, and 49. In addition to the courses listed below, special 
courses and individual studies are available — recent topics include existen- 
tialism, Plato'sethics, philosophy in literature, metaethics, Schopenhauer, moral 
education, and Nietzsche. 

5 PRACTICAL LOGIC 

A general introduction to topics in logic and their applications to practical reasoning, with primary 
emphasis on detecting fallacies, evaulating inductive reasoning, and understanding scientific 
method. 

1 1 ALTERNATIVE WORLD VIEWS 

An introductory philosophical examination of some of the different ways man has attenpted to 
understand the universe and his place in it, with particular attention to what might be called 
scientific, religious, and commonsense world views. Discussion will center around apparent 
conflicts between world views and ways philosophers have suggested to resolve these conflicts. 

12 THOUGHT, LANGUAGE, AND REALITY 

An introductory philosophical investigation of some of the issues suggested by the following 
questions: What is thought? Could a machine think? Do animals think? What is the relation 
between thought and language? Do our works adequately express our thoughts? Must children 
think in order to speak or must they speak in order to think? What is the relation between language 
and reality? Is any language adequate to describe the world? Does language determine our 
conception of the world? 

13 MIND, BODY, AND THE SELF 

An introductory philosophical examination of some problems concerning the nature of self. The 
following questions are usually considered: Is the self a physical or non-physical entity? Is the 
self determined or free? Could the self survive the death of the body? In what does the identity 
of the self consist? Discussion will center on some of the suggestions philosophers have made 
about how to answer these questions. 

14 CONTEMPORARY MORAL ISSUES 

An introductory philosophical examination of the moral dimension of various contemporary public 
issues, such as scientific experimentation on humans, the use of scientific discoveries, the relation 
of ethics to politics and the law, the enforcement of morals, the problem of fair distribution of goods 
and opportunities, the legitimacy of restricting the use of natural resources, and the application 
of ethics to business practice. Discussion will center on some of the suggestions philosophers 
have made about how to deal with these issues. 

20 ETHICAL THEORIES 

An inquiry concerning the grounds which distinguish morally right actions from morally wrong 
actions. Central to the course is critical consideration of the proposals and the rationale of 
relativists, egoists, utilitarians, and other ethical theorists. Prerequisite: One course in philosophy, 
or junior or senior standing. 



94 



PHILOSOPHY 1 95 



21 AESTHETICS 

A philosophical examination of the nature of art and aesthetic value and a consideration of some 
of the philosophical problems relating to various art-forms: painting, poetry, theatre music etc 
Some typical issues discussed are: What sort of reasons, if any, are appropriate in a criticism'? 
Are the arts kinds of language? Is censorship in the arts ever justifiable? Prerequisite One course 
in philosophy, or junior or senior standing. Alternate years. 

22 SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 

Of central interest is the question of the relation between human nature and the proper social and 
political order. Emphasis is placed on an examination of the logic of social and political thought 
and on the analysis of key concepts such as power, authority, freedom, law, rights, justice and 
social and political obligations. Prerequisite: One course in philosophy or junior or senior 
standing. 

23 PHILOSOPHY OF SOCIAL SCIENCE 

An examination of some of the philosophical issues which arise when one considers the following 
question: How is the study of persons— some of whom are, at least potentially, rational agents 
—different from, and related to, the scientific study of other natural phenomena?Prerequ/s/'fe: One 
course in philosophy, or junior or senior standing. Alternate years. 

24 PHILOSOPHY OF NATURAL SCIENCE 

A consideration of philosophically important conceptual problems related primarily to the 
methodology of natural science, including such topicsas the nature of scientific laws and theories 
the character of explanation, the import of prediction, the existence of "non-observalbe" 
theoretical entities such as electrons and genes, the problem of justifying induction, and various 
puzzles associated with probability. Prerequisite: one course in philosophy, or junior or senior 
standing. Alternate years. 

25 PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION 

A philosophical examination of religion. Included are such topics as the nature of religious 
discourse, arguments for and against the existence of God, and the relation between religion and 
science. Readings from classical and contemporary sources. Prerequisite: One course in 
philosophy, or Junior or Senior major. 

26 PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION 

An examination of the basic concepts involved in thought about education, and a consideration 
of the various methods for justifying educational proposals. Typical of the issues discussed are 
these: Are education and indoctrination different? If there a role for authority in education? Are 
education and schooling compatible? What do we need to learn? Prerequisite- One course in 
philosophy, or Junior or Senior standing. 

32 ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHY: METAPHYSICS & EPISTEMOLOGY 

Primarily an examination of the metaphysical and epistemological views of Plato and Aristotle 
Some attention is paid to the intellectual milieu out of which they developed. However, primary 
interest is on critically understanding philosophical issues raised in selected Platonic and 
Aristotelian texts. Prerequisite: Two courses in philosophy, or Junior or Senior standinq Alternate 
years. 

34 CONTINENTAL RATIONALISM 

An examination of the philosophical views of the continental rationalists, with primary emphasis 
on the works of Descartes. In additon, the works of other rationalists, such as Spinoza and Leibniz 
are usually discussed. Prerequisite: Two courses in philosophy, or Junior or Senior standinq 
Alternate years. 

35 BRITISH EMPIRICISM 

An examination of the philosophical views of the British empiricists, such as Locke, Berkeley, and 
Hume, and of Kant's response to these views Prerequisite: Two courses in philosophy, or Junior 
or Senior standing. Alternate years. 

36 SYMBOLIC LOGIC 

A study of modern symbolic logic, including truth-functional logic, the logic of propositional 
functions, and deductive systems. Attention is also given to various topics in the philosophy of 
the formal sciences. 



37 PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE 

A careful examination of several of the philosophically important topics related to the existence 
and use of language, including meaning, reference, definition, synonymity, analyticity, truth, and 
speech acts. Prerequisite: Two courses in philosophy, or Junior or Senior standing. 

49 DEPARTMENTAL SEMINAR 

An investigation, carried on by discussions and papers, into one philosophical problem, text, 
philosopher, or movement A different topic is selected each semester; recent topics include 
Sidgwick's ethics, religious language, Kierkegaard, legal punishment, and Wittgenstein. This 
seminar is designed to provide Junior and Senior philosophy majors and other qualified students 
with more than the usual opportunity for concentrated and cooperative inquiry. Prerequisite: 
Consent of the instructor. This seminar may be repeated for credit. 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Assistant Professors: Burch (Chairman) 
Assistant Professors: Vargo, Whitehill, Phillips 

1 PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Coeducational physical education classes. Basic instructions in fundamentals, knowlege, and 
appreciation of sports that include swimming, tennis, bowling, volleyball, archery, field hockey, 
soccer, golf, badminton, modern dance, skiing, elementary games (for elementary teachers), 
toneastics, physical fitness, and other activities. Beginning swimming is required for all non- 
swimmers. Students may select any activity offered. A reasonable degree of proficiency is required 
of the student in the activities in which he chooses to participate. Emphasis is on the potential use 
of activities as recreational and leisure-time interests. Two semesters of physical education (two 
hours per week) are required. 



PHYSICS 

Professor: Fineman(Chairman) 
Associate Professor: W. Smith 
Assistant Professor: Jamison 
Teaching Fellow: Erickson 

A major consists of eight courses, of which six must be numbered above 
20. Physics 23, 29, 33; Mathematics 18-19, 20, 21 ; and one year of chemistry 
are required. Students planning to enter graduate school will find it advisable 
to have a reading knowledge of a foreign language and to know Fortran 
programming. All junior and senior physics majors are required to attend and 
to participate in the weekly physics colloquia. 

3-4 PHYSICAL SCIENCE 

The course will present and explain some of the fundamental principles of the physical sciences: 
Physics, Astronomy, Earth Science, and Chemistry — in such a manner that liberal arts students 
will realize that science is not only comprehensible but exciting. The emphasis of the course will 
be conceptional rather that mathematical. It will meet the college's natural science distribution 
requirements. Three lectures, one recitation, and two-hour laboratory session. Prerequisite 
Mathematics 17 or equivalent. 

5 ASTRONOMY 

The course will cover some of the basic physical principles and then attempt to show how 
astronomers, through observation, classification, and careful analysis, arrive at current views of 
the universe. Prerequisite: Mathematics 17 or equivalent. 



96 



PHYSICS 1 97 



8-9 ELEMENTS OF PHYSICS 

A non-calculus introductory course in which mechanics, heat, sound, electricity, magnetism, and 
optics are presented. Some recent developments in physics will also be presented. Three 
lectures, one recitation and one three-hour laboratory session. Prerequisite: Mathematics 17 or 
equivalent. 

10-11 GENERAL PHYSICS 

An introductory course in physics for science and engineering students, in which the basic 
concepts of mechanics, thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, and light are presented using 
calculus. Three lectures, one recitation and one three-hour laboratory session. Co-requisite: 
Mathematics 18 or Mathematics 3. 

21 THE CONCEPTS OF MODERN PHYSICS 

The purpose of this elective course is to provide Arts and Humanities majors, who have a minimum 
background in mathematics and physics, to satisfy their curiosity about the nature of the physical 
world without being concerned about doing a lot of problem solving. The course will include 
discussions in an historical and philosophical framework of the mechanical concepts (mass, 
space, time, force, momentum, and energy), a few topics in relativity and of the discovery, 
detection and use of some of the elementary particles of physics and their impact on 
contemporary physical thought. Four hours lecture-discussion. Prerequisite: Mathematics 17 or 
equivalent. 

23 MODERN PHYSICS 

The basic concepts of Modem Physics are examined; the wave-particle duality and the 
fundamental ideas of quantum mechanics; atomic structure; x-ray spectra; interaction of radiation 
and matter; nuclear models and nuclear structure, radioactivity, nuclear reactions; molecular and 
solid state physics. Special relativity. This course is the foundation for a systematic study of 
quantum mechanics. Three lectures and one four-hour laboratory. Prerequisite: Physics 11 or 
consent of instructor. 

29-30 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM 

This course will cover the electrostatic field, electric potential, magnetic field and the electrical 
and magnetic properties of matter. Maxwell's equations and some of their applications to 
electromagnetic radiation will be taken up. The laboratory will include experiments on basic 
electronics as well as classical electricity and magnetism experiments. Three lecture and two two- 
hour laboratory sessions. Prerequisite: Physics 23; Co-requisite: Mathematics 21 or consent of 
instructor. 

31 OPTICS AND WAVES 

Following a presentation of geometrical optics, wave motion, inference; Fresnel and Fraunhofer 
diffraction, gratings; the velocity of light, absorption and scattering, and polarization of light will 
be covered. Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory session. Prerequisite: Physics 1 1 
or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

33-34 MECHANICS 

The study of the motion of a single particle, a system of particles, rigid bodies and an introduction 
to the mechanics of continuous media will be covered. Topics which are needed for understand- 
ing quantum mechanics and special theory of relativity such as moving reference systems. 
Lagrange's equations and theory of vibrations will be examined. Three lectures, and a recitation 
or a laboratory. Prerequisite: Physics 1 1; Mathematics 21 or consent of instructor. 

35 THERMAL PHYSICS 

The laws of thermodynamics and their applications to some physical, chemical, electric, and 
magnetic problem s are presented. The properties of bulk matter will also be treated from a 
microscopic viewpoint, i.e., the kinetic theory of gases and statistical mechanics. A comparison 
of Maxwell-Boltzmann, Fermi-Dirac, and Bose-Einstein statistics is made. Four hours of lecture 
and recitation. Prerequisite: Physics 33 or consent of instructor. 

39 INTRODUCTION OF QUANTUM MECHANICS 

After presenting the origin, basic concepts and formulation of Quantum Mechanics with emphasis 
on its physical meaning the free particle, simple harmonic oscillator and central force problems 
will be investigated. Both time independent and time dependent perturbation theory will be 
covered. The elegant operator formalism of quantum mechanics will conclude the course. Four 
hours of lecture and recitation. Prerequisite: Mathematics 21; either Chemistry 31 or Physics 23, 
and consent of instructor. 



98 1 POLITICAL SCIENCE 



41 ELEMENTS OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS 

With the tools obtained after a review of nuclear concepts and some quantum mechanics, the 
course will cover interactions of nuclear radiations with matter, radioactive decay and nuclear 
reactions. The understanding of nuclear forces will be emphasized, particularly from scattering 
studies of two-nucleon systems Three lectures and four-hour laboratory. Prerequisite: Physics 
39, or Physics 23 and consent of instructor. 

42 SOLID STATE PHYSICS 

Introductory treatment of crystallography, lattice dynamics, electrons in metal properties of 
semiconductors and dielectric and magnetic properties of solids will be given. Three lecutres and 
four-hour laboratory. Prerequisite: Physics 39; or Physics 23 and consent of instructor. 

48 PHYSICS COLLOQUIA (SENIOR COURSE) 

In this course, professionally active physicists or scientists in closely allied fields present lectures 
on their own research or professional activities. In addition, the student will do a literature review 
and present his results at one of thecolloquia. Prerequisite: Three semesters of non-credit Physics 
Colloquia 00 taken during their junior and senior years. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Professor: Jose 

Associate Professor: Giglio (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: Roskin 

The major is designed to provide a systematic understanding of govern- 
mentand politicsatthe international, national, state, and local levels. Majorsare 
encouraged to develop their faculties to make independent, objective analysis 
which can be applied to the broad spectrum of the social sciences. 

Although the political science major is not designed as a vocational major, 
students with such training may go directly into government service, journalism, 
teaching, or private administrative agencies. A political science major can 
provide the base for the study of law, or for graduate studies leading to 
administrative work in federal, state, or local government, international organiza- 
tions, or college teaching. Students seeking certification to teach secondary 
school social studies may major in political science but should consult their 
advisers and the education department. Washington National and International 
Semesters are sponsored at the American University and a United Nations 
Semester at Drew University. 

A major consists of eight political science courses, including Political 
Science 15 and at least one course in each of the five areas (A to E) below. To 
encourage familiarity with other social sciences, at least two courses must be 
completed from the following: Business 35 and 36 (recommended for pre-law); 
Economics 10/11, 32, 45; History 31, 32, 33; Philosophy 22, Sociology 26. 

15 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICS 

The behavior and misbehavior of the political animal, man. Why he forms political communities, 
how he may improve them, and how he may destroy them. Required of all political science majors; 
open to a limited number of other interested students. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 199 



A. AMERICAN GOVERNMENT 

10 GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS IN THE UNITED STATES 

An introduction to American national government which emphasizes both structural-functional 
analysis and policymaking processes. In addition to the legislative, executive and judicial 
branches ot government, attention will be given to political parties and interest groups, elections 
and voting behavior, and constitutional rights. Recommended to all Social Science Education 
majors and to those students who have had inadequate or insufficient preparation in American 
government. 

1 1 STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT 

An examination of the general principles, major problems, and political processes of the states 
and their subdivisions, together with their role in a federal type of government. 

30 THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM 

An analysis of the Supreme Court in the American system of government with some attention paid 
to judicial decisionmaking. Topics include: judicial review, federalism, constitutional limits on 
legislative and executive powers, elections and representation. 

31 CIVIL RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES 

What are our rights and liberties as American? What should they be? A frank discussion of the 
nature and scope of the constitutional guarantees, First Amendment rights, the rights of criminal 
suspects and defendants, racial equality, and equal protection of the laws. Students will read and 
brief the more important Supreme Count decisions. 

33 PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND PLANNING 

A systematic description, analysis, and evaluation of the institutional foundations of the American 
system of public administration, with special attention to structure, personnel, and control. 
Alternate years. 



B. AMERICAN POLITICS 

22 POLITICAL PARTIES AND INTEREST GROUPS 

An examination of the history, organization, functions, and methods of American political parties. 
Special attention is devoted to the role of organized interest groups in the political process. 

23 AMERICAN PRESIDENCY 

A study of the office and powers of the president with analysis of his major roles as chief 
administrator, legislator, political leader, foreign policy maker, and commander-in-chief. Special 
attention is given to those presidents who led the nation boldly. 

24 THE LEGISLATIVE PROCESS 

A study of the role of the legislature in the framework of the national and state governments. 
Consideration of the influence of the parties, pressure groups, public opinion, constituencies, the 
"committee system", the"administration" and theconstitution in thelawmakmg process. Alternate 
years. 

32 THE POLITICS OF CITIES AND SUBURBS 

An examination of the history, legal basis, power, forms, services, and problems of the cities and 
their suburbs, with special reference to current experiments in the solution of the problems of 
metropolitan areas. 



C. POLITICAL THEORY 
35 LAW AND SOCIETY 

An examination into the nature, sources, functions, and limits of law as an instrument of political 
and social control. Included for discussion are legal problems pertaining to the family, crime, 
deviant behavior, poverty, and minority groups. Alternate years. 

46 CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES 

The growth, development and current status of liberalism, conservatism, nationalism, socialism, 
communism, and fascism. Alternate years. 



100 1 POLITICAL SCIENCE 



47 THE AMERICAN POLITICAL TRADITION 

An examination of the significant ideas which have shaped the American political tradition from 
their European origins to the present, with emphasis on the influence of these ideas in the 
development of American democracy. Special attention will be paid to an analysis of contem- 
porary ideological movements: Black Power, New Left, and Radical Feminism. Alternate years. 

D. COMPARATIVE POLITICS 
20 COMPARATIVE POLITICS: ADVANCED SYSTEMS 

A cross-national study of highly developed states, with emphasis on Western Europe and Japan, 
Compared to the U.S. system. 

38 POLITICS OF DEVELOPING AREAS 

The causes and possible cures for socio-political backwardness in Asia, Africa, and Latin 
American. Alternate years. 

36 THE SOVIET POLITICAL SYSTEM 

The political theory and practice of the Soviet Union, including some comparison with other 
Communist states such as China and Yugoslavia. Alternate years. 

E. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 
25 WORLD POLITICS 

Why is there war? An introduction to international relations with emphasis on the varieties of 
conflicts which may grow into war. 

37 COMMUNIST STRATEGIES AND TACTICS 

The foreign policies of the various Communist states; the breakup of monolithic communism into 
national -interest communism as practiced by the Soviet Union, China, Romania, and Yugoslavia. 
Alternate years. 

39 AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY 

The U.S. role in the world in geographic, strategic, historical, and ideological perspectives, plus 
an examination of the domestic forces shaping U. S. policy. Alternate years. 

43 INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION 

An examination of structure and function of the League of Nations and particularly the United 
Nations with emphasis on activities related to the maintenance of international peace and security . 
Alternate years. 



PSYCHOLOGY 

Associate Professor: Loomis (Chairman), Hancock 
Assistant Professors: Brittain, O'Brien, Catt 

A major consists of Psychology 10, 20, 21, 22, and four other psychology 
courses. Mathematics 13 is also required. In addition to the departmental 
requirements, majors are urged to include courses in Animal Physiology, 
Sociology, and the Mathematics option of the distribution requirements. 

10 INTRODUCTORY PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the empirical study of human and other animal behavior. Areas considered may 
include: learning, personality, social, physiological, sensory, cognition, and developmental. 

15 ORGANIZATIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY 

The application of the principles and methods of psychology to selected organizational and 
industrial situations. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 



PSYCHOLOGY 1 101 



16 ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the patterns of deviant behavior with emphasis on cause, function, and 
treatment. The various models for the conceptualization of abnormal behavior are critically 
examined. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

20 SENSORY EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

The examination of psychophysical methodology and basic neurophysiological methods as they 
are applied to the understanding of sensory processes. Prerequisite: Psychology 10; 
Mathematics 13. 

21 LEARNING EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

Learning processes. The examination of the basic methods and principles of animal and human 
learning. Prerequisite: Psychology 10; Mathematics 13. 

22 PERSONALITY THEORY 

Theories of Personality. A comparison of different theoretical views on the development and 
functioning of personality. Examined in detail are three general viewpoints of personality: 
psychoanalytic, stimulus-response (behavioristic), and phenomenological. Prerequisite: Psy- 
chology 10. 

30 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An examination of behavior in social contexts including motivation, preception, group processes 
and leadership, attitudes, and methods of research. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

31 DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

A study of the basic principles of early human growth and development. Prerequisite: Psychology 
10. 

32 ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY 

The study areas will include theories of adolescence; current issues raised by as well as about 
the "generation of youth"; research findings bearing on theories and issues of growth beyond 
childhood; and self-exploration. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

33 PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the physiological psychologist's method of approach to the understanding of 
behavior as well as the set of principles that relate the function and organization of the nervous 
system to the phenomena of behavior. The course emphasis is on the relationship between brain 
function and the physiological bases of learning, perception, and motivation. Laboratory 
experience includes both behavioral testing and basic small-animal neurosurgical technique as 
well as histological methodology. Prerequistie: Psychology 20 or Biology 23, and Mathematics 
13. 

34 PRINCIPLES OF MEASUREMENT 

Psychometric method and theory, including scale transformation, norms, standardization, 
validation procedures and estimation of reliability. Prerequisite: Psychology 10, Mathematics 13. 

35 HISTORY AND SYSTEMS OF PSYCHOLOGY 

The growth of scientific psychology and the theories and systems that have accompanied its 
development. Prerequisite: 4 courses in Psychology. 

37 COGNITION 

An investigation of human mental processes along the two major dimensions of directed and 
undirected thought. Topic areas include: recognition, attention, conceptualization, problem- 
solving, fantasy, language, dreaming, and creativity. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

38 EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the empirical study of the teaching-learning process. Areas considered may 
include educational objectives, pupil and teacher characteristics, concept learning, problem 
solving and creativity, attitudes and values, motivation, retention and transfer, and evaluation and 
measurement. Prerequisite: Psychology 10 or consent of instructor. 

40 ADVANCED EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN 

Consideration of a variety of designs currently used in Psychology with emphasis on the 
appropriate statistical analyses. Prerequisite: Psychology 20 and 21. 



102 /PSYCHOLOGY 



48-49 PRACTICUM IN PSYCHOLOGY 

An off-campus involvement in the application of psychological skills and principles in institutional 
settings. The experience includes training in behavior modification and traditional counseling 
techniques as applied in prisons, mental health centers, and schools for the mentally retarded. 
Classroom training focuses on various therapeutic techniques and on the student's understand- 
ing of himself in the counselor role. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 




RELIGION 



Professor: Guerra (Chairman), Rhodes 
Assistant Professors: Hughes, Neufer 



A major consists of ten courses including 10, 13, and 14. At least seven 
courses must be taken in the department. The following courses may be 
counted toward fulfilling the major requirements: Greek 1 1 and 12, Hebrew 1 1 
and 12, History 41 and 48, Philosophy 25, and Sociology 33. 

10 PERSPECTIVES ON RELIGION 

An exploration of religious responses to ultimate problems of human existence. Through 
discussion of selections by Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, and humanist writers, students are 
encouraged to grapple with such questions as the nature and language of religion, the existence 
and knowledge of God, the inter-play of religion and culture, and the religious analysis of the 
human predicament. 

13 OLD TESTAMENT FAITH AND HISTORY 

A critical examination of the literature within its historical setting and in the light of archeological 
findings to show the faith and religious life of the Hebrew-Jewish community in the biblical period, 
and an introduction to the history of interpretation with an emphasis on contemporary Old 
Testament criticism and theology. 

14 NEW TESTAMENT FAITH AND HISTORY 

A critical examination of the literature within its historical setting to show the faith and religious 
life of the Christian community in the biblical period, and an introduction to the history of 
interpretation with an emphasis on contemporary New Testament criticism and theology. 

20 GOD AND MAN IN WESTERN CULTURE I 

An inquiry into the changing images of God and man in Western Culture, as these have been 
influenced by various religious traditions, particularity the Christian. The course will deal with 
leading men and motifs from St. Paul through the Reformation, and up to Eighteenth Century 
Deism. 

21 GOD AND MAN IN WESTERN CULTURE II 

A continuation of Religion 20, beginning with the attempts of Schleiermacher and Hegel to re- 
integrate religion and culture, tracing the subsequent process through Niebuhr and Tillich to the 
present "Post-Liberal" period. 

23 RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD: AFRICAN RELIGIONS 

Primitive man's beliefs about himself, his gods, his oneness with the land and his fellow animals, 
and his feelings about community will be investigated. 

24 RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD: ISLAM AND JUDAISM 

Major emphasis upon tradition and contemporary forms of Islam and Judaism, their growth and 
development investigating their current status and their major problems in the Middle East, Africa, 
Asia, and the United States. 

25 RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD: ORIENTAL RELIGION 

A phenomenology of the formative forces and concepts of Indian, Chinese, and Japanese 
religions: special attention devoted to social and political relations, mythical and aesthetic forms. 
East and West encounter. 

28 HISTORY AND CULTURE OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST 

A study of the history and culture of Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Syria-Palestine, and Egypt from the 
rise of Sumerian culture to Alexander the Great. Careful attention will be given to the role of religion 
in the culture of the ancient Near East, with special reference to archeological findings 

703 



104 /RELIGION 



30 PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION 

A study of the broad insights of psychology in relation to the phenomena of religion and religious 
behavior. The course concentrates on religious experience or manifestations rather than on 
concepts. Tentative solutions will be sought to questions such as: What does it feel like to be 
religious or to have a religious experience 9 What is the religious function in human development? 
How does one think psychologically about theological problems? 

31 CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ETHICS 

An unfolding of ethics as horizon, engagement, destiny; and interdisciplinary theoretical study 
closely related to the practical problems of violence and power, racism and revolution, 
assassination and authority. 

32 CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS IN CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ETHICS 

An examination of the approach of religion and other disciplines to an issue of current concern; 
prospective topics include the ethics of violence, the social thought of Jacques Ellul, and the 
ethics of genetic control. The course may be repeated for credit. 

33 ROMAN CATHOLIC THOUGHT 

The development of Thomism, Neo-Thomism, and Transcendental Thomism; limited attention 
given to pastoral and ecclesiological issues in the post-conciliar era after Vatican II. 

37 BIBLICAL TOPICS 

An in-depth study of Biblical topics related both to the Old Testament and the New Testament. 
Topics include prophecy, wisdom, literature, the Dead Sea Scrolls, the teachings of Jesus, 
Pauline theology, Judasim and Christian origins, redaction criticism — the way the Synoptic 
Gospels and John give final form to their message. Course will vary from year to year and may 
be taken for credit a second time if the topic is different from one previously studied. 

41 CONTEMPORARY RELIGIOUS ISSUES 

A study of the theological significance of some contemporary intellectual developments in 
western culture. The content of this course will vary from year to year. Subjects studied in recent 
years include the following: the theological significance of Freud, Marx, and Nietzche; Christianity 
and existentialism; theology and depth psychology; and the religious dimension of contemporary 
literature. 

42 THE NATURE AND MISSION OF THE CHURCH 

A study of the nature of the church and its mission in contemporary society including an analysis 
of the role of the church and an examination of ways of renewal. 

43 THE EDUCATIONAL MINISTRY OF THE CHURCH 

A study of religious education as a function of the church with special attention given to the nature 
and objectives of Christian education, methods of teaching religion, and the relations between 
faith and learning. 

46 PALESTINIAN ARCHEOLOGY 

A study of basic archeological method in addition to representative excavations and artifacts from 
the various historical eras as are found in Palestine and its environs. 



SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY 



Professor: McCrary (Chairman) 
Assistant Professors: Arroyo, Wilk 
Instructors: Rux, Strauser 

A major consists of Sociology 10, 14, 44, 47, and four other courses, which 
may include Religion 46. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY 

An introduction to the problems, concepts, and methods In sociology today, including analysis 
of stratification, organization of groups and Institutions, social movements, and deviants in social 
structure. 

14 INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY 

Prehistoric and primitive peoples and cultures; primitive customs and institutions compared with 
those of modern man. 

20 MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY 

The history, structure, and functions of modern American family life, emphasizing dating, 
courtship, factors in marital adjustment, and the changing status of family members. Prerequisite: 
Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

22 FOLK SOCIETY 

Comparative study of several folk societies, with emphasis upon the Pennsylvania Amish; folk 
culture contrasted with urban-industrial civilization. 

24 RURAL AND URBAN COMMUNITIES 

The concept of community is treated as it operates and affects individual and group behavior in 
rural, suburban, and urban settings. Emphasis is placed upon characteristic institutions and 
problems of modern city life. Prerequisite Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

26 SOCIAL MOVEMENTS 

An analysis of the dynamics, structure, and reaction to social movements with focus on 
contemporary social movements. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

30 CRIMINOLOGY 

The nature, genesis, and organization of criminal behavior are examined from both group and 
individual viewpoints. Juvenile delinquency and the treatment of crime are presented. Prere- 
quisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

32 INSTITUTIONS 

Introduces the student to the sociological concept of social institution, the types of social 
institutions to be found in all societies, and the interrelationships between the social institutions 
within a society. The course is divided into two basic parts: 1 . That aspect which deals with the 
systematic organization of society in general, and 2. The concentration on a particular social 
instituion: economic, political, educational, and social welfare. Prerequisite Sociology 10 or 
consent of instructor. 

33 SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION 

An examination of the major theories of the relationship of religion to society, and a survey of 
sociological studies of religious behavior. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

34 RACIAL AND CULTURAL MINORITIES 

A study of the adjustments of minority racial, cultural, and national groups in modern America. 
Attention is also given to minority problems within their world setting. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 
or consent of instructor. 



35 CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY 



Primitive and peasant economy, society, government, religion, and art, the social and cultural 
backgrounds of personality development. Prerequisite: Sociology 14 or consent of intructor. 



105 



106 /SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY 



37 ANTHROPOLOGY OF NORTH AMERICA 

Ethnographic survey of native North American Eskimo and Indian cultures, with attention to 
changes in native liteways due to European contacts Prerequisite: Sociology 14 or consent of 
instructor. 

41 SOCIAL STRATIFICATION 

An analysis of the nature of stratification systems, with special reference to American social 
structure. Prerequiste: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor 

43 DEVIANT BEHAVIOR 

An inquiry into the various types of deviant behavior, that will vary each semester, covering such 
topics as: alcoholism, mental illness, gambling, and narcotics. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or 
consent of instructor. 

44 SOCIAL THEORY 

The history of the development of sociological thought from its earliest philosophical beginnings 
is treated through discussions and reports. Emphasis is placed upon sociological thought since 
the time of Comte. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

45 ETHNOLOGICAL THEORY 

Theories concerning man and his culture, with emphasis on interpretations since 1850. 
Prerequisite: Sociology 14 and consent of instructor. 

47 RESEARCH METHODS IN SOCIOLOGY 

Study of the research process in sociology, including formation of research design (theory, 
methodology, and techniques), and practical application in the investigation of a research 
problem Prerequisite: Mathematics 13 and Sociology 10 and consent of instructor. 

48-49 PRACTICUM IN SOCIOLOGY 

Introduces the student to a practical work experience involving community agencies in order to 
effect a synthesis of the student's academic course work and its practical applications in a 
community agency Specifics of the course to be worked out in conjunction with department, 
student, and agency. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 



THEATRE 

Professor: Falk (Chairman) 

Instructor: Dartt 

Part-Time Instructor: Zaviska 

The major consists of eight courses, except Theatre 1 , with a concentration 
in Acting, Directing, or Design. The Fine Arts reguirement may be satisfied by 
selecting any two courses, except Theatre 1. In addition to the departmental 
reguirements, majors are urged to include courses in Art, Music, Psychology, 
and English. 

1 FUNDAMENTALS OF SPEECH 

The dynamics of oral communication. The development of elementary principles of simple oral 
communication through lectures, prepared assignments in speaking, and informal class 
exercises. Utilizes video tape sequences for "instant feedback" to students. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO THEATRE 

Designed as a comprehensive introduction the the aesthetics of theatre. From the spectator's 
point of view, the nature of theatre will be explored including dramatic literature and the integrated 
functioning of acting, directing, and all production aspects. 

11 INTRODUCTION TO FILM 

A basic course in understanding the film medium. The class will investigate film technique through 
lectures and by viewing regular weekly films chosen from classic, contemporary, and experimen- 
tal short films. 

12 HISTORY OF THEATRE I 

A detailed study of the development of theatre from the Greeks to the early realistic period. 
Alternate years. 

13 HISTORY OF THEATRE II 

The history of the theatre from 1860. Alternate years. 

14 ORAL INTERPRETATION OF LITERATURE 

The fundamental principles and methods of oral reading and the interpretation of literature are 
introduced. Materials will be chosen from poetry, prose, the novel, and drama. Alternate years. 

15 PLAYWRITING AND DRAMATIC CRITICISM 

An investigation of the techniques of playwriting with an emphasis on creative writing, culminating 
in a written one-act play, plus an historical survey of dramatic criticism from Aristotle to the present, 
with emphasis upon developing the student's ability to write reviews and criticism of theatrical 
productions and films. Alternate years. 

18 PLAY PRODUCTION FOR COMMUNITY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS 

Stagecraft and the various other aspects of play production are introduced. Through material 
presented in the course and laboratory work on the Arena Theatre stage, the student will acquire 
experience to produce theatrical scenery for community and secondary school theatre. 

20 CREATIVE DRAMA FOR CHILDREN 

Designed especially for those intending to be teachers, this course explores the dramatic 
possibilities of creative playmaking for children on all grade levels. Special emphasis is placed 
on story telling, dramatization, pantomime, and dramatic play. 

24 INTRODUCTION TO ACTING 

An introductory study of the actor's preparation, with emphasis on developing the actor's creative 
imagination through improvisations and scene study. 

26 INTRODUCTION TO DIRECTING 

An introductory study of the function of the director in preparation, rehearsal, and performance. 
Emphasis is placed on developing the student's ability to analyze scripts and on the development 
of the student's imagination. 



107 



108 /THEATRE 



28 INTRODUCTION TO SCENE DESIGN AND STAGECRAFT 

An introduction to the theatre with an emphasis on stagecraft. The productions each semester 
serve as the laboratory to provide the practical experience necessary to understand the material 
presented in the classroom. 

29 MARIONETTE PRODUCTION 

Introduces the construction, costuming, and performing of a play through the medium of string 
puppets. Alternate years. 

31 ADVANCED TECHNIQUES OF PLAY PRODUCTION 

A detailed consideration of the interrelated problems and techniques of play analysis, production 
styles, and design. Offered summer only. 

34 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: ACTING 

Instruction and practice in character analysis and projection, with emphasis on vocal and body 
techniques. 

35 THEORIES OF THE MODERN THEATRE 

An advanced course exploring the philosophical roots of the modern theatre from the birth of 
realism to the present, and the influences on modern theatre practice. Selected readings from 
Neitzsche, Marx, Jung, Freud, Whitehead, Kierkegaard, Sarte, Camus, as well as Antoine, 
Copeau, Stanislavski, Shaw, Meyerhold, Artaud, Brecht, Brook, Grotowski. Alternate years. 

36 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: DIRECTING 

Emphasis is placed on the student's ability to function in preparation and rehearsal. Practical 
experience involves the directing of scenes from contemporary theatre. 

38 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: SCENE AND LIGHTING DESIGN 

The theory of stage and lighting design with emphasis on their practical application to the theatre. 

40 MASTERS OF WORLD DRAMA 

An intensive and detailed analysis of the plays, and related works, including criticism of great 
authors, that have shaped world theatre. Authors to be selected on the basis of interest of students 
and faculty. At times, more than one author will be treated in a term. Ibsen, Brecht, Moliere, 
Williams, Albee. Alternate years. May be accepted toward English major with consent of English 
Department. 

44 ADVANCED STUDIO: ACTING 

Preparation of monologues and two-character scenes. Contemporary and classical. The student 
will appear in major campus productions. 

46 ADVANCED STUDIO: DIRECTING 

Emphasis will be placed on the student's ability to produce a major three-act play from the script 
to the stage for public performance 

48 ADVANCED STUDIO: DESIGN 

Independent work in conceptual and practical design. The student will design one full production 
as his major project. 

49 ADVANCED STUDIO: PROPERTIES AND COSTUME DESIGN 

The theory of stage costume and property design and its practical application to the theatre. 
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 



J^Epffi 




COLLEGE PERSONNEL 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

OFFICERS 

Fred A. Pennington Chairman 

W. Gibbs McKenney, Jr Vice-Chairman 

Paul G. Gilmore Secretary 

Kenneth E. Himes Treasurer 

HONORARY TRUSTEES 

John G. Detwiler Delray Beach, FL 

Bishop Hermann W. Kaebnick, D.D., L.H.D., LL.D Hershey 

Ralph E. Kelchner Jersey Shore 

Arnold A. Phipps, II Williamsport 

George L. Stearns, II Williamsport 

The Rev. L. Elbert Wilson Orlando, FL 

TRUSTEES 

Term Expires 1975 

Elected 

1969 Richard R. Cramer, D.D.S Hershey 

1973 Guy M. Davies Lancaster 

1969 Samuel H. Evert Bloomsburg 

1972 The Rev. Brian A. Fetterman Harrisburg 

1965 Walter J. Heim Montoursville 

1969 Kenneth E. Himes Williamsport 

1970 Woodrow A. Knight Williamsport 

1972 John W. Lundy Williamsport 

1969 Mrs. Donald G. Remley Williamsport 

1972 Harold H. Shreckengast, Jr Jenkintown 

(Alumni Representative) 
1967 The Rev. Donald H. Treese Carlisle 



109 



110/ BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



Term Expires 1976 

Elected 

1974 John T. Detwiler Williamsport 

1948 Frank L. Dunham Wellsboro 

1970 Walter T. Dunston, D.D.S Philadelphia 

1951 Paul G. Gilmore Williamsport 

1973 Robert G. Little M.D Harrisburg 

(Alumni Representative) 

1964 W. Gibbs McKenney, Jr Baltimore, MD 

1973 G. Jackson Miller Altoona 

1972 The Rev. Paul E. Myers, D.D Hershey 

1958 Fred A Pennington Mechanicsburg 

1961 The Rev. Wallace F. Stettler, HH.D Kingston 

1970 William E. Strasburg, Litt. D Gwynedd Valley 

Term Expires 1977 

Elected 

1974 J. Robert Fahnestock Williamsport 

1974 Daniel G. Fultz Aurora, NY 

(Alumni Representative) 
1974 Mrs. Fred S. Gorman York 

1965 James G. Law Bloomsburg 

1971 The Rev. Harvey W. Marsland Allentown 

1970 John E. Person, Jr Williamsport 

1965 Hon. Herman T. Schneebeli Williamsport 

1972 Donald E. Shearer, M.D Montoursville 

1961 Nathan W. Stuart Williamsport 

1971 Willis W. Willard, III, M.D Hershey 

1958 W. Russell Zacharias Allentown 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

Walter J. Heim, Chairman 



Richard R. Cramer 

Guy M. Davies 

John T. Detwiler 

Frank L. Dunham 

Samuel H. Evert 

The Rev. Brian A. Fetterman 

Paul G. Gilmore 



Woodrow A. Knight 
W. Gibbs McKenney, Jr. 
John E. Person, Jr. 
Mrs. Donald G. Remley 
William E. Strasburg 
Nathan W. Stuart 
W. Russell Zacharias 



ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF 



HAROLD H. HUTSON (1969) President 

B.A., L.L.D., Wofford College; B.D., Duke University; Ph.D., University 

of Chicago; L.H.D., Ohio Wesley an 
JAMES R. JOSE (1970) Dean of the College 

B.A., Mount Union College; M.A., Ph.D., The American University 
KENNETH E. HIMES (1948) Treasurer 

B.S., Drexel University; G.S.B., Rutgers University 
OLIVER E. HARRIS (1956) Director of Development 

A.B., M.S., The Pennsylvania State University 
R. ANDREW LADY (1957) Assistant to the President 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.S., D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
JACK C. BUCKLE (1957) Dean of Student Services 

A.B., Juniata College; M.S., Syracuse University 
KATHRYN K. BROOKS (1974) Assistant Dean of Student Services 

B.A., M.A., Bowling Green University 
WILLIAM L. BAKER (1965) Business Manager 

B.S. Lycoming College and Student Aid Director 

ANTHONY L. GRILLO (1969) Librarian 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University; M.S. in L.S., Villanova University 
FRANK J. KAMUS (1963) Director of Admissions 

B.S., Lock Haven State College 
ROBERT J. GLUNK (1965) Registrar and Assistant to the Dean 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
DAVID G. BUSEY (1954) Director of Athletics 

B.S., M.S., University of Illinois 
CLARENCE W. BURCH (1962) Associate Director of Athletics 

B.S., M.Ed., University of Pittsburgh 
DALE V. BOWER (1968) Director of Alumni Affairs 

B.S., Lycoming College; B.D., United Theological Seminary 
BRUCE L. SWANGER (1968) Director of Public Relations 

A.B., Bucknell University 
ROBERT L. CURRY, JR. (1972) Assistant in Athletics 

A.B., Lycoming College 
THOMAS C. DEVLIN (1971) Associate Dean of Student Services 

B.A., State University of New York, Geneseo; 

M.A., Bowling Green University 
DOUGLAS J. KEIPER (1970) Associate Dean of Student Services 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
TONY K. SCHEPIS (1971) Assistant Director of Admissions 

A.B., Lycoming College 
GRETCHEN S. MARKS Assistant Director of Admissions 

B.S., Simpson College 
R. ALBION SMITH (1971) Associate Dean of Student Services 

B.S., Springfield College; M.S.S., Syracuse University 
PATRICIA A. STALGAITIS (1974) Assistant Director of Admissions 

A.B., Lycoming College 



111 



FACULTY 

EMERITI 

MABEL K. BAUER Professor Emeritus of Chemistry 

B.S. .Cornell University; M.S., University of Pennsylvania 
ARNOLD J. CURRIER Professor Emeritus of Chemistry 

A.B., Colgate University; M.S., The Pennsylvania State University; 

Ph.D., Cornell University 
LEROY F. DERR Professor Emeritus of Education 

A.B., Ursinus College; M.A., Bucknell University; 

Ed.D., University of Pittsburgh 
ROBERT H. EWING Professor Emeritus of History 

A.B., College of Wooster; M.A., University of Michigan; 

HH.D., Lycoming College 
W. ARTHUR FAUS Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

A.B., Dickinson College; S.T.B., Ph.D., Boston University 
PHIL G. GILLETTE Associate Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

A.B., Ohio University; M.A., Columbia University 

HAROLD W. HAYDEN Librarian Emeritus 

and Professor Emeritus of Library Services 

A.B., Nebraska State Teachers College; B.S., University of Illinois; 

M.A. in L.S., University of Michigan 
GEORGE W. HOWE Professor Emeritus of Geology 

A.B., M.S., Syracuse University; Ph.D., Cornell University 
LORING B. PRIEST Professor Emeritus of History 

LITT.B., Rutgers University; M.A., Ph.D., Harvard University 

DONALD G. REMLEY Assistant Professor Emeritus of 

Mathematics and Physics 

A.B., Dickinson; M.A., Columbia University 
GEORGE S. SHORTESS Professor Emeritus of Biology 

A.B., Johns Hopkins University; M.A., Columbia University; 

Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University 
JOHN A. STUART Professor Emeritus of English 

B.A., William Jewell College; M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern University 
HELEN B. WEIDMAN Professor Emeritus of Political Science 

A.B., M. A., Bucknell University; Ph.D., Syracuse University 




COLLEGE PERSONNEL I 1 13 



PROFESSORS 

ROBERT F. FALK (1970) Theatre 

B.A., B.D., Drew University; M.A., Ph.D., Wayne State University 
MORTON A. FINEMAN (1966)*** Physics 

A.B., Indiana University; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
JOHN P. GRAHAM (1939) English — Mace Bearer 

Ph.B., Dickinson College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
EDUARDO GUERRA (1960) Religion 

B.D., Southern Methodist University; 

S.T.M., Ph.D., Union Theological Seminary 

JOHN G. HOLLENBACK (1952)** Business Aministration 

Marshal of the College 

B.S., M.B.A., University of Pennsylvania 
JAMES K. HUMMER (1962) Chemistry 

B.N.S., Tufts University; M.S. Middlebury College; 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
JAMES R. JOSE (1970) Political Science — Dean of the College 

B.A., Mount Union College; M.A., Ph.D., American University 
JACK S. McCRARY (1969) Sociology and Anthropology 

B.A., M.A., Southern Methodist University; Ph.D., Washington University 
WALTER G. MclVER (1946) Music 

Mus. B., Westminster Choir College; A.B., Bucknell University; 

M.A., New York University 
GLEN E. MORGAN (1961) Music 

B.M., M.M., Ph.D., Indiana University 
ROBERT W. RABOLD (1955) Economics 

B.A., The Pennsylvania State University; 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
JOHN A. RADSPINNER (1957) Chemistry 

B.S., University of Richmond; M.S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute; 

D.Sc, Carnegie-Mellon University 
O. THOMPSON RHODES (1961) Religion 

B.S., University of Cincinnati; B.D., Ph.D., Drew University 
LOGAN A. RICHMOND (1954) Accounting 

B.S., Lycoming College; M.B.A., New York University; 

C.P.A. (Pennsylvania) 
FRANCES KNIGHTS SKEATH (1947) Mathematics 

A.B., M.A., Bucknell University; D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 



"**On Sabbatical 1974-75 

"On Sabbatical Spring Semester 1974-75. 



7 74/ COLLEGE PERSONNEL 



ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS 

BERNARD P. FLAM (1963) Spanish 

A.B., New York University; M.A., Harvard University; 

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
CHARLES L. GETCHELL (1967)* Mathematics 

B.S., University of Massachusetts; M.A., Ph.D., Harvard University 
ERNEST D. GIGLIO (1972) Political Science 

B.A., Queens College; M.A., The State University of New York at Albany; 

Ph.D., Syracuse University 
DAN D. GUSTAFSON (1971) English 

B.A., Amherst College; M.A., University of California; 

Ph.D., University of Nebraska 
JOHN G. HANCOCK (1967) Psychology 

B.S., M.S., Bucknell University; Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University 
ALDEN G. KELLEY (1966)** Biology 

B.S., M.S., Iowa State University; Ph.D., Purdue University 
DAVID J. LOOMIS (1967)* Psychology 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.S., Bucknell University; 

Ph.D., Syracuse University 
GERTRUDE B. MADDEN (1958) English 

A.B., University of Pennsylvania; M.A., Bucknell University 
ROBERT J. B. MAPLES (1969) French 

A.B., University of Rochester; Ph.D., Yale University 
ROGER W. OPDAHL (1963) Economics 

A.B., Hofstra College; M.A., Columbia University; 

D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
JOHN F. PIPER, JR. (1969) History 

A.B., Lafayette College; B.D., Yale University; Ph.D., Duke University 
MARY LANDON RUSSELL (1936) Music 

Mus.B., Susquehanna University Conservatory of Music; 

M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
LOUISE R. SCHAEFFER (1949) Education 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., Bucknell University; 

D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
JAMES W. SHEAFFER (1949) Music 

B.S., Indiana University of Pennsylvania; M.S., University of Pennsylvania 
WILLY SMITH (1966) Physics 

B.S.E., The University of the Republic (Uruguay); 

M.S.E., Ph.D., University of Michigan 

*On Sabbatical Fall Semester 1974-75. 
**On Sabbatical Spring Semester 1974-75 



COLLEGE PERSONNEL / 1 15 



ASSISTANT PROFESSORS 

ROBERT B. ANGSTADT (1967) Biology 

B.S., Ursinus College; M.S., Ph.D., Cornell University 
VIRGINIA R. ARROYO (1970) Sociology 

B.S., M.A., Columbia University 
MYRNA A. BARNES (1959) Library Services 

A.B., University of California at Los Angeles; M.S. in L.S., Drexel University 
PATRICK S. BRADY History 

B.A., Stanford University; 

M.A., Ph.D., University of California at Santa Barbara 
WILLIAM P. BRITTAIN (1972) Psychology 

B.A., M.A., Wichita State University; Ph.D., Texas Christian University 
CLARENCE W. BURCH (1962) Physical Education 

B.S., M.Ed., University of Pittsburgh 
VIOLA L. CATT (1973) Psychology 

B.A., Indiana University; M.A., Ph.D., University of Denver 
JOHN H. CONRAD (1959) Education 

B.S., Mansfield State College; M.A., New York University 
JACK D. DIEHL, JR. (1971) Biology 

B.S., M.A., Sam Houston State College; 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Connecticut 
LYDIA A. DUFOUR (1970) Spanish 

B.A., Newcomb College; M.A., Ph.D., Tulane University 
RICHARD W. FELDMANN (1965) Mathematics 

A.B., M.A., University of Buffalo 
F. CATHARINE FISHER (1968) Library Services 

B.A., Susguehanna University 
WILLIAM D. FORD (1972) English 

B.A., Occidental College; M.A., M.F.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
DAVID A FRANZ (1970) Chemistry 

B.A., Princeton; M.A., The Johns Hopkins University; 

Ph.D., University of Virginia 
WENRICH H. GREEN (1968) Biology 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.S., The Pennsylvania State University 
STEPHEN R. GRIFFITH (1970) Philosophy 

A.B., Cornell University; M.A., Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
ANTHONY L. GRILLO (1969) Library Services— Librarian 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University; M.S. in L.S., Villanova University 
THOMAS J. HENNINGER (1966) Mathematics 

B.S, Wake Forest College; M.A., University of Kansas 
OWEN F. HERRING (1965) Philosophy 

B.A., Wake Forest College 
OCTAVIA HUGHES (1971)$ Art 

B.A., Radcliffe College; M.A., Columbia University 
RICHARD A. HUGHES (1970) Religion 

B.A., Indiana Central College; S.T.B., Ph.D., Boston University 
M. RAYMOND JAMISON (1962) Physics and Education 

B.S., Ursinus College; M.S., Bucknell University 
EMILY R. JENSEN (1969) English 

B.A., Jamestown College; M.A., University of Denver; 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University 

$On Leave of Absence Fall Semester 1974-75. 



116 /COLLEGE PERSONNEL 



FORREST E. KEESBURY (1970) Education 

B.S., Defiance College; M.A., Bowling Green State University; 

D.Ed., Lehigh University 
ELIZABETH H. KING (1956) Business Administration 

B.S., Geneva College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
ROBERT H. LARSON (1969) History 

B.A., The Citadel; M.A., Ph.D., University of Virginia 
OWEN J. MAHON (1973) Accounting 

B.S., M.A., University of Pennsylvania 
PAUL A. MacKENZIE (1970) German 

A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Boston University 
LYNDON J. MAYERS (1970) Biology 

B.S., University of Rhode Island; M.S., Ph.D., University of Maine 
L. PAUL NEUFER (1960) Religion 

A.B., Dickinson College; S.T.B., S.T.M., Boston University 
RICHARD M. O'BRIEN (1971) Psychology 

A.B., Franklin College; M.A., Ph.D., West Virginia University 
NELSON PHILLIPS (1959) Physical Education 

B.S., Springfield College 
RANDY M. RASSOUL (1972) French 

B.A., University of Toledo; M.A., University of Michigan 
DAVID J. RIFE (1970) English 

B.A., University of Florida; M.A., Ph.D., Southern Illinois University 
MICHAEL G. ROSKIN (1972) Political Science 

A.B., University of California at Berkley; M.A., University of California at Los 
Angeles; 

Ph.D., American University 
KENNETH R. SAUSMAN (1969)Ht Mathematics 

A.B., Susquehanna University; M.S., Miami University, Ohio 
DAVID E. SAWYER (1970) English 

B.A., St. Olaf College; M.A., Ph.D., University of Nebraska 
K. BRUCE SHERBINE (1969) Biology 

A.B., Gettysburg College; M.S., Temple University; 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University 
ROGER D. SHIPLEY (1967) Art 

B.A., Otterbein College; M.F.A., Cranbrook Academy of Art 
SALLY F. VARGO (1953) Physical Education 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University; M.S., Bucknell University 

H. BRUCE WEAVER Business Administration 

CHARLES E. WEYANT (1971) Library Services 

B.A., American University; M.S., Simmons College 
JOHN M. WHELAN, JR. (1971) Philosophy 

B.A., University of Notre Dame 
BUDD F. WHITEHILL (1957) Physical Education 

B.S., Lock Haven State College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
STANLEY T. WILK (1973) Anthropology 

B.A., Hunter College; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
LEO K. WINSTON (1964) Russian 

B.A., Sir George Williams University; M.A., Universite de Montreal 
ROBERT A ZACCARIA (1973) Biology 

B.A., Bridgewater College; Ph.D., University of Virginia 
tit On Leave of Absence 1974-75. 



COLLEGE PERSONNEL 1 117 



INSTRUCTORS 

MAX E. AMEIGH (1969) Art 

B.S., Lycoming College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
WILLIAM N. BRENT Chemistry 

B.S., Purdue University 
GARY DARTT(1969) Theatre 

B.S., Augustana College 
DIANNE F.HERMAN Political Science 

B.A., University of California at Berkley; 

M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
ROBERT L. LAMBERT (1969) Mathematics 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., Bucknell University 
JULIA M. RUX (1970)tt Sociology 

B.A., Hanover College; M.A., University of Wisconsin 
LARRY R. STRAUSER (1973) Sociology 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.P.A., University of Arizona 

LECTURER 

DON M. LARRABEE II (1972) Lecturer in Law 

A.B., Franklin and Marshall; LL.B., Fordham University 

TEACHING FELLOW 

RICHARD R. ERICKSON (1973) Physics 

B.A., University of Minnesota; Ph.D., University of Chicago 



PART-TIME INSTRUCTORS 

RUTH ARMANTROUT (1974) English 

B.A., M.A., University of Iowa 
KATHERINE L. FETTER (1963) Art 

B.S., Kutztown State College 
JEAN HORN (1971) Mathematics 

B.A., Elmira College; M.S., The Pennsylvania State University 
DOUGLAS R. MACBETH (1972) Education 

B.S., Cornell University; M.S., Syracuse University, 

D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
MARTINE PICOT (1973) French 

D.U.E.L., University of Lyon, France 
FLORENCE PUTTERMAN (1972) Art 

B.S., New York University; M.F.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
TERRY WILD (1972) Art 

B.A., Lycoming College; B.F.A., Art Center of Design 
JOSEPH ZAVISKA (1972) Theatre 

B.A., State University of New YOrk at Buffalo 

tiOn Leave of Absence Spring Semester 1974-75. 



1 18 1 COLLEGE PERSONNEL 



ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANTS 

LOUISE S. BANKS Secretary to the Librarian 

BETTY S. BECK Bookstore Assistant 

EMILY C. BIICHLE Secretary to the Treasurer 

RUSSELL A. BLOODGOOD Manager of Food Service 

PAULINE M. BRUNGARD Student Loan Coordinator 

B.S., Lycoming College 

SHIRLEY M. CAMPBELL Assistant in Treasurer's Office 

ELIZABETH G. COWLES Career Development Secretary 

MARGARET A. DEWAR Secretary in Admissions Office 

ROBERT L. EDDINGER Director of Buildings and Grounds 

JUNE L. EVANS Secretary in Education Office 

S. JEAN GAIR Faculty Secretary 

ANNE S. GIBBON Faculty Secretary 

KITTY S. GLOSSER Secretary in Admissions Office 

ESTHER GOOD Supervisor of Housekeeping 

VICTORIA A. HAYES Secretary in Computer Center 

RALPH W. HELLAN Computer Operations Programmer 

A.B., Lycoming College 

HELEN C. HELLER Secretary to the Registrar 

ISABEL G. HESS Library Assistant 

PHYLLIS M. HOLMES Secretary to the President 

DEE A. HORN Secretary in Student Aid Office 

M. OLA HOUSEKNECHT Library Assistant 

NAOMI E. KEPNER Switchboard Operator 

AUDREY A. LIBBY Library Assistant 

EDITH LIPFERT Library Assistant 

VIVIAN MEIKRANTZ Secretary to the Dean of the College 

ALICE B. MONTIS Secretary to Director of Alumni Affairs 

ANDREW H. MOYER Coordinator of Computer Services 

MARILYN MULLINGS Faculty Secretary 

PHYLLIS B. MYERS Secretary in Registrar's Office 

MARION R. NYMAN Cashier-Bookkeeper 

BETTY J. PARIS Secretary to Director of Development 

A.B., Lycoming College 

MARIAN L. RUBENDALL Secretary to Dean of Student Services 

SHARON M. SCARFO Secretary to Athletic Director 

PATRICIA J. SMITH Secretary to Buildings and Grounds Director 

YVONNE G. SMITH Faculty Secretary 

DOROTHY J. STREETER Bookstore Manager 

BETTY JUNE SWANGER Accountant and Office Manager 

RHELDA M. UMPSTEAD Bulk Mailing Coordinator 

VIRGINIA M. VAN HORN Library Assistant 

HELEN I. VINCENT Library Assistant 

JUNE WAGNER Faculty Secretary 

MARGARET WISE Secretary in Admissions Office 



COLLEGE PERSONNAL/119 



MEDICAL STAFF 

FREDERIC C. LECHNER, M.D College Physician 

B.S., Franklin and Marshall College; M.D., Jefferson Medical College 

ROBERTS. YASUI, M.D College Surgeon 

M.S., Temple University 

RUTH J. BURKET, R.N College Nurse 

Hamot Hospital School of Nursing 
EMALINE W. DEIBERT, R.N College Nurse 

Williamsport Hospital School of Nursing 




THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 

The Alumni Association of Lycoming College has a membership of over seven 
thousand men and women. It is governed by an Executive Board of five officers 
and twenty-one members nominated and elected by the membership. The 
senior class, the student body, and the last graduating class also have 
representatives on the Executive Board. It annually elects a member to the 
Board of Trustees of the College for a three-year term. The Director of Alumni 
Affairs directs the activities of the Alumni Office. 

The Alumni Association of Lycoming College has two objectives: to promote the 
interests of the college, and to foster among its member's loyalty and devotion 
to their alma mater. Any person who has successfully completed one year of 
study at Lycoming College or Williamsport Dickinson Junior College and is not 
enrolled as a full-time student at Lycoming College, and all former Williamsport 
Dickinson Seminary students are Association members. 

Acting as the representative of alumni on the campus, and working also with 
undergraduates, the Alumni office aids in keeping alumni informed and 
interested in the program, growth, and activities of the college through regular 
publications mailed to all Alumni on record. Arrangements for Homecoming, 
Alumni Day, Class Reunions, club meetings and similar activities are coordi- 
nated through this office. The Alumni Association promotes group travel 
programs, supplies back-year class rings, and sells water colors of the campus 
and alumni chairs. 

Through The Lycoming College Fund, the Alumni Office is closely associated 
with the development program of the college. Lycoming College holds Class 
A, B, and C memberships in the American Alumni Council. Communications to 
the Alumni Assoication should be addressed to the Alumni Office. 

EXECUTIVE BOARD 

President — Mr. George Nichols '59 

R.D. 2, Newton Road, Clarks Summit, Pa. 18411 
Vice-President — Col. Marshall Sanders '36 

6925 River Oaks Drive, McLean, Va. 22101 
Recording Secretary — Mrs. Jack Breitenbach (Forrest Birkenstock '41) 

535 Wilson St., Williamsport, Pa. 17701 
Corresponding Secretary — Mrs. Larry Strauser (Keigh Cronauer '59) 

R.D. 3, Montoursville, Pa. 17754 
Treasurer — Mr. Tom Decker '66 

1218 S. Allen St., Apt. 7, State College, Pa. 16801 
Last Retiring President — Mr. Daniel G. Fultz, Wells College, Aurora, N. Y. 1 3029 



120 



Alumni 

Term Expires June 1975 

Dr. James Hoffman '63 — 2300 24th Road So., Apt. 725, Arlington, Va. 22206 

Mr. William Worobec 70 — Oak Ridge Place, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 

Mr. Dennis Kitzman '59 — 174 Garnsey Road, Pittsford, New York 14544 

Mr. John Joe '59 — 360 East Drive, Coatesville, Pa. 19320 

Mr. James G. Scott '70 — 506 Montour Street, Montoursville, Pa. 17754 

Mrs. David Hultsch (Lucinda Earle '65) 

1330 Linn Street, State College, Pa. 16801 
Mr. Kent T. Baldwin '64 — 2620 Blair Street, Montoursville, Pa. 17754 



Term Expires June 1976 

Mr. Wenrich Green '65 — R.D. 1, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 

Dr. Eli Stavisky '61 — 110 Jermyn Drive, Clarks Summit, Pa. 18411 

Mr. William Humes '58 — 37C Palmer Square, Princeton, N.J. 08540 

Dr. Otto Sonder '46 — 161 Valley Heights Drive, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 

Mrs. Frances Gleason Levegood '52 

214 Kendall Avenue, Jersey Shore, Pa. 17740 
Mr. W. Burton Richardson '61 

296 Tarrington Road, Rochester, New York 14609 
Mr. Peter R. Bruguiere '69 

555 Patton Avenue, Apt. 16A, Long Branch, N.J. 07740 



Term Expires June 1977 

Dr. Mary Schweikle '63 

2905 Orchard Avenue, R.D. 3, Montoursville, Pa. 17754 
Mr. John B. Ernst '58 — 21 1 Belmont Avenue, Doylestown, Pa. 18901 
Mrs. Duane Snee (Beth E. Musser '66) 

R.D. 7, Box 279, Washington, Pa. 15301 
Mr. David L. Johnson '70 — R.D. 2, Montoursville, Pa. 17754 
Mrs. Charles E. Peterson, Jr. (Majorie Sundin '49) 

730 North 30th Street, Allentown, Pa. 18104 
Mr. Donald E. Failor '68 — 12 Country Club Place, Camp Hill, Pa. 17011 
Mr. John R. Biggar '66 — 1807 Frankenfield Street, Allentown, Pa. 18104 



Alumni Representatives to Lycoming College Board of Trustees 

(1975) Mr. Harold H. Shreckengast, Jr. '50 

600 Cheltena Avenue, Jenkintown, Pa. 19046 

(1976) Dr. Robert G. Little '63 — 4621 Tarryton Drive, Harrisburg, Pa. 17109 

(1977) Mr. Daniel G. Fultz '57 — Wells College, Aurora, New York 13026 
Representative of the Class of 1974 — 

Mr. John Steinle, 307 Beach Avenue, Woodbury Heights, N.J. 08097 
Senior Class President - Mr. Bruce Sawyer '75 
Student Association of Lycoming College President — Mr. Dan Jones 



121 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 1974-75 



SEPTEMBER 


OCTOBER 


NOVEMBER 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 






1 


2 


3 


4 


5 












1 


2 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


22 
29 


23 
30 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


20 


21 

28 


22 
29 


23 
30 


24 
31 


25 


26 


17 

24 


18 

25 


19 
26 


20 

27 


21 

28 


22 

29 


23 
30 












27 






DECEMBER 


JANUARY 


FEBRUARY 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 








1 


2 


3 


4 














1 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 

28 


12 
19 


13 
20 


14 
21 


15 
22 


16 
23 


17 
24 


18 

25 


9 
16 


10 
17 


11 
18 


12 
19 


13 
20 


14 
21 


15 
22 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


29 


30 


31 










26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 




23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 




MARCH 


APRIL 


MAY 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


2 
9 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


1 

8 


6 
13 


7 
14 


1 

8 
15 


2 

9 
16 


3 
10 
17 


4 
11 
18 


5 

12 

19 










1 


2 


3 


4 

11 


5 
12 


6 
13 


7 
14 


8 
15 


9 
16 


10 
17 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 
23 


17 

24 


18 

25 


19 
26 


20 

27 


21 


22 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


18 
25 


19 
26 


20 

27 


21 

28 


22 

29 


23 
30 


24 
31 


28 


29 


27 


28 


29 


30 






30 


31 








































JUNE 


JULY 


AUGUST 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 






1 

8 


2 

9 


3 
10 


4 
11 


5 
12 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


1 

8 


2 

9 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


6 


7 


15 
22 
29 


16 
23 
30 


17 
24 


18 
25 


19 
26 


20 

27 


21 

28 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 
26 


10 
17 
24 


11 
18 
25 


12 
19 
26 


13 
20 

27 


14 
21 

28 


15 
22 
29 


16 
23 
30 


20 

27 


21 

28 


22 
29 


23 
30 


24 
31 


25 






































31 















ACADEMIC CALENDAR 1974-75 



FALL SEMESTER 

September 1 — Sunday 
September 3 — Tuesday 
September 4 — Wednesday 

November 26 — Tuesday 

December 2 — Monday 
December 20 — Friday 



Dormitories open 2 p.m. 

Registration 

Classes Begin. 

Thanksgiving recess begins 8 p.m. 

Classes resume 8 a.m. 
Semester ends 5 p.m. 



SPRING SEMESTER 



January 
January 


5 — Sunday 

6 — Monday 


February 


28 —Friday 


March 
March 


10 —Monday 
28 —Good Friday 


April 


25 — Friday 


May 


4 — Sunday 



Dormitories open 2 p.m. 
Registration, and classes begin. 

Spring recess begins 5 p.m. 

Classes resume 8 a.m. 
Afternoon Classes suspended. 

Semester ends 5 p.m. 

Commencement. 



MAY TERM (4 Weeks) 



May 


4 — Sunday 


Dormitories open 2 p.m. 


May 


5 — Monday 


Registration, and classes begin 


May 


30 —Friday 


Term ends. 



SUMMER TERM (6 Weeks) 



June 
June 

July 



8 — Sunday 

9 — Monday 

18 — Friday 



Dormitories open 2 p.m. 
Registration, and classes begin. 

Term ends. 



723 



INDEX 



Academic Advisement 54, 56 

Academic Center 36 

Academic Honesty 61 

Academic Honors 60 

Academic Program 53 

Academic Standing 60 

Accounting Career 46 

Accounting /Mathematics (EIM) 62 

Accreditation 4 

Activities, Student 22 

Additional Charges 12 

Administrative Staff 111 

Admissions Office 8 

Admissions Policy 5 

Advanced Standing 7 

Alumni Association 120 

Application Fee and Deposit 12 

Application Procedure 6 

Attendance, Class 61 

Books and Supplies 13 

Business Career 46 

Calendar, Academic 123 

Calendar, Regular 123 

Campus 33, 36 

Campus Map 37 

Career Development Center 27 

Career Opportunities 45 

Accounting 46 

Business 46 

Dental School, Preparation for 51 

Drama — Cooperative Program 49 

Engineering — Cooperative 

Curriculum 49 

Forestry — Cooperative 

Curriculum 50 

Graduate Study 50 

Law School, Preparation for 51 

Medical School, Preparation for 51 

Medical Technology 48 

Religious Education 47 

Teacher Education 47 

Theological Seminary, 

Preparation for 51 

Veterinary School, Preparation for 51 

Chapel 36 

Christian Ministry, Preparation for 51 

Class Attendance 61 

Clubs and Organizations on Campus.... 23 

College Level Exam Program (CLEP) 7 

College Personnel 109 

Commuters' Lounge 36 

Communications With the College 126 



Community Scholarships 19 

Conduct, Standards of 30 

Counseling, Academic 56 

Counseling, Personal 26 

Course Credit by Exam 7 

Course Work 53 

Damage Charges 14 

Degree Programs 54 

Degree Requirements 53 

Dental School, Preparation for 51 

Departmental Honors 42 

Departmental Majors 54 

Deposit 5, 12 

Deposit Refund 5, 12 

Distribution Requirements 56 

English 57 

Fine Arts 58 

Foreign Language or 

Mathematics 57 

History and Social Science 58 

Natural Science 58 

Religion or Philosophy 57 

Drama, Cooperative Program 49 

Early Admission Procedure 7 

Education Financing Plans 19 

Educational Opportunity Grants 18 

Engineering Cooperative Curriculum 49 

Entrance Exams (CEEB) 6 

Evaluation, Freshman Mid-Semester 60 

Expenses 11 

Faculty 112 

Facilities 36 

Fees 12 

Financial Aid 15 

Financial Information 11 

Financing Plans 19 

Fine Arts Activities 24 

Forestry Cooperative Curriculum 50 

Fraternities, Social 24 

General Expenses 11 

Grading System 59 

Graduate Study 50 

Graduation Requirements 53 

Grants-in-Aid 16 

Handbook for Students 

(Guidepost) 23 

Health Professions 

Careers 51 

Health Service 26 

History of the College 4 

Honor Societies 60 

Honors, Academic 60 



724 



INDEX /125 



Independent Study 42 

Insurance 14 

Intercollegiate Sports 24 

Interdisciplinary Majors 54 

Established Majors (EIM) 54, 62 

Individual Majors (MM) 54, 65 

International Intercultural 

Studies 44 

Interviews 6, 8 

Intramural Athletics 24 

Law School, Preparation for 51 

Literature (EIM) 63 

Loans 18, 19 

Location 3 

London Semester 44 

Major 54 

Admission To 56 

Departmental 54 

Interdisciplinary 54 

May Term 40B 

Medical College, Preparation for 51 

Medical History 6 

Medical Technology 48 

Mid-Semester Evaluation 

(Freshman) 60 

Ministerial Grants-in-Aid 17 

National Defense Loans (NDEA) 18 

Non-Payment of Fees Penalty 14 

Objectives and Purpose 3 

Optometry School, 

Preparation for 51 

Organizations and Clubs on 

Campus 23 

Orientation 9 

Osteopathy School, 

Preparation for 51 

Payment of Fees 13 

Payments, Partial 13 

Personal Counseling 26 

Physical Examination 6 

Placement Services 27 

Podiatry School, Preparation for 51 

Publications and Communications 23 

Purpose and Objectives 3 

Radio Station — Campus 24 

Reading Improvement Course 27 

Refunds 13 

Regulations (Standard of Conduct) 30 

Religious Education 47 

Religious Life 31 

Requirements, Academic for 
Admission 5 



Residence 27 

Residency Requirement 53 

Rules 23 

Scholarships 16 

Selection Process 5 

Seminar Study 42 

Sequential Courses 66 

Societies, Honor 60 

Soviet Area Studies Program 64 

Special Opportunities 35 

Departmental Honors 41 

Independent Study 42 

International Intercultural 

Studies 44 

London Semester 44 

Lycoming Scholars 38 

Overseas Studies Opportunities 44 

May Term 40B 

Seminar Study 42 

United Nations Semester 44 

Washington International 

Semester 44 

Washington Semester 43 

Special Programs 40B 

Special Student 8 

Sports 24 

Standards of Admission 5 

Standards of Conduct 30 

State Grants 19 

State Guaranteed Loans 19 

Student Activities 22 

Student Association 22 

Student Publications 23 

Student Services 26 

Student Union 22 

Study Skills Program 26 

Summer Session Admission 8 

Summer Sessions Calendar 123 

Teacher Education 47 

Theological Seminary, 

Preparation for 51 

Traditions 3 

Transfer 7 

Unit Course 53 

United Nations Semester 44 

Veterans, Provisions for 8 

Veterinary School, 

Preparation for 51 

Washington Semester 43 

Withdrawing from Courses 60 

Withdrawal from College 13 

Work-Study Grants 18 



COMMUNICATION WITH THE COLLEGE 

This document contains pertinent information about the college, its philosophy, 
programs, policies, regulations, and offerings. All students and prospective 
students are urged to read it carefully and completely. 

Inquiries of a specific nature should be addressed as follows: 

Director of Admissions: 

Admission to the freshman class. 
Admission with advanced standing. 
Re-entry of students to Lycoming College 
Request for catalogs. 

Treasurer: 

Payment of college bills. 
Inquiries concerning expenses. 

Director of Student Aid: 

Scholarships and loan funds for students in college. 
Financial assistance for entering students. 

Dean of the College: 

Information about faculty and faculty activities. 
Academic work of students in college. 

Dean of Student Services: 

Questions or problems concerning student's health. 
Residence and campus regulations. 

Registrar: 

Requests for transcripts. 
Notices of withdrawal. 

Career Development Center: 
Opportunities for self-help. 
Employment while in college. 
Employment upon graduation. 

Director of Development: 
Gifts or bequests. 

Director of Alumni Affairs 

Director of Public Relations 

/AdoVess.LYCOMING COLLEGE, Williamsport, Pennsylvania 17701 
Telephone: 326-1951 Area Code 717 

ALL OF THE PROVISIONS IN THIS CATALOG ARE EFFECTIVE JUNE 1 , 1974 

Lycoming College reserves the right to make any necessary changes in the academic calendar, 
charges, courses, or any other section of this catalog 



126 






Ifc-^fl