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Full text of "Lycoming College catalog"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/lycomingcollegec197576lyco 






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THIS IS LYCOMING 




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GOALS FOR LYCOMING 

Lycoming enjoys a continuing and mutually supportive relationship with The 
United Methodist Church. It has consistently supported the Methodist tradition 
of providing educational opportunities for persons of all religious faiths. Within 
this setting of religious concern, the search for values must continue to be an 
important function of this institution. 

THE PRINCIPAL AIM OF THE COLLEGE 

The principal aim of Lycoming College is to use its resources to provide for its 
students the finest undergraduate educational opportunity attainable. The 
College serves primarily to help each student develop a central core of values, 
awarenesses, strategies, skills, and information that is integrated and coherent 
enough to lead to a productive and fulfilling life in an enormously complex world, 
and at the same time is sufficiently open and flexible to encourage continuous 
growth and development. 



4 1 THIS IS LYCOMING 



HISTORY 

Founded in 1 81 2 as Williamsport Academy, it is the oldest educational institution 
in the city of Williamsport. At first, the Academy served only the young through 
what are now recognized as the elementary grades. With the advent of public 
schools in the city, the Academy expanded its curricular offerings to include 
high school and college preparatory work. 

In 1 848, under the patronage of The Methodist Episcopal Church, the Academy 
became Williamsport Dickinson Seminary. The Seminary continued as a private 
boarding school until 1929 when once again its offerings were expanded, this 
time to include two years of college work. This expansion resulted in change 
of the institution's name to Williamsport Dickinson Seminary and Junior College. 
During its years as a junior college under President John W. Long, the institution 
forged a strong academic reputation, strengthened its faculty, and expanded 
its physical plant. 

Increasing national demands for higher education following World War II 
prompted another significant step in the growth of the institution. In 1948, the 
junior college became Lycoming College, a four-year degree-granting college 
of liberal arts and sciences. 

The College has enjoyed the support and stabilizing influence of The United 
Methodist Church for more than a century. During most of that period the 
corporate stock of this institution was owned by the Preachers' Aid Society of 
the Central Pennsylvania Conference. In 1970 all corporate stock was trans- 
ferred to a self-perpetuating Board of Trustees of Lycoming College. 

Lycoming is approved to grant baccalaureate degrees by the Pennsylvania 
Department of Education. The College is accredited by the Middle States 
Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and the University Senate of 
The United Methodist Church. It is a member of the National Commission on 
Accrediting, the Association of American Colleges, the Pennsylvania Associa- 
tion of Colleges and Universities, the Commission for Independent Colleges and 
Universities, and the National Association of Schools and Colleges of The 
United Methodist Church. 

The name Lycoming is derived from an Indian word "lacomic" meaning "Great 
Stream". It is a name that has been common to north central Pennsylvania since 
colonial times. 




ADMISSIONS 



ADMISSION POLICY 

Selective admission is based on academic achievement reflected in high 
school records, class rank, and ACT or SAT scores. In addition, subjects 
studied, counselor and teacher recommendations, and other available informa- 
tion that might identify qualified candidates are considered. 

ADMISSION STANDARDS 

1. You should graduate from an approved secondary school or fulfill the 
requirements for early admission. 

2. Although a set pattern of high school subjects is not required, a strong 
program of academic subjects is recommended as the most desirable 
preparation for college. You should have a minimum of fifteen academic 
units with substantial work in the areas of English and mathematics, and 
additional work in foreign language, social studies, and science. 

3. The College Board Scholastic Aptitude Test or American College Test is 
required. Your scores are considered with other academic information. 

SELECTION PROCESS 

You should file your application between October 1st and May 1st. However, 
your application may be considered after May 1st, if space is available. 

Candidates for admission are considered on an individual basis and in a 
personal way. Although emphasis is placed on test scores, class rank and other 
statistical information, much time is devoted to reading your application. 
Transcripts are also evaluated and phone calls and letters are sometimes 
exchanged in an effort to determine your special talents and qualities. 

The College notifies applicants of acceptance on a rolling schedule. Your 
notification letter will be sent soon after your credentials have been received. 
In some instances, it may be necessary to request your senior mid-year grades 
and senior ACT or SAT score reports. Your decision to attend Lycoming must 
be made on or before the Candidate's Reply Date of May 1st. The College 
should be notified by payment of a $1 00.00 Deposit. After May 1 st, this deposit 
is non-refundable to students who fail to matriculate. For enrolling students, this 
is not an extra charge, but it is used to reserve a space at the College for the 
fall and each succeeding semester for which the student is eligible to return. 
It will be applied toward the charges of the last semester in attendance, normally 
the semester prior to graduation. When a student decides to withdraw from 
Lycoming prior to graduation, this fee will be refunded when a written request 
is made to the Registrar before the end of the eighth week of the student's last 
semester. 



6 / ADMISSIONS 

APPLICATION PROCEDURE 

1. To apply for admission, request forms from the Director of Admissions. 

2. These items must be submitted before you are considered for admission: 

A. Completed application for admission and secondary school transcript. 

B. Fee of $15, which is a processing charge and is not refundable. 

C. Results from the American College Testing Program or the Scholastic 
Aptitude Test of the College Entrance Examination Board. 

3. You and your family are invited to visit the campus and to meet with a 
representative of the Admissions Office. You will have an opportunity to 
review your credential file, to discuss your plans, and to ask and answer 
questions. 

MEDICAL HISTORY AND PHYSICAL EXAMINATION 

Each student entering the college is required to submit a medical history record 
and a physical examination form prior to arriving on the campus. A parent or 
guardian of each student under twenty-one years of age must sign the health 
record which authorizes the college health authorities to give emergency 
medical treatment according to good medical practice. In the event an 
operation or other treatment is required for a serious accident or illness, the 
College Physician will always secure prior parental consent if the circumstances 
permit. 




ADMISSIONS I 7 



COURSE CREDIT BY EXAMINATION 

Advanced Placement 

If you are entering as a freshman, have studied an advanced course while in 
secondary school, and have taken the appropriate advanced placement 
examination of the College Entrance Examination Board, you are encouraged 
to apply for credit and advanced placement. A grade of three or above is 
generally considered to be satisfactory. 

College Level Examination Program — (CLEP) 

You may earn college credit for superior achievement on the College Level 
Examination Program (CLEP) sponsored by the College Entrance Examination 
Board. By achieving at the 75th percentile or above on the General Examina- 
tions and the 65th percentile or above on the Subject Examinations, you may 
earn up to fifty percent of the course requirements for a bachelor of arts degree. 
These examinations are administered the third week of each month at regional 
testing locations around the nation. Further information may be obtained from 
the Office of Admissions. While these examinations may be taken after 
enrollment at the College, entering freshmen are encouraged to take the 
examinations of their choice during the second semester of their senior year in 
high school. If you do so, the College will have the test scores prior to your 
registration. This will assure appropriate course credit prior to your selection of 
freshman courses. 

ADVANCED STANDING BY TRANSFER 

Lycoming College recognizes college level course work you have completed 
at other institutions. You must submit official copies of transcripts from all 
institutions you have attended. Your academic standing will be based on an 
evaluation of all courses taken. All courses passed, which are comparable to 
the curriculum at Lycoming, will be accepted for transfer. However, the final 
eight courses must be taken at Lycoming College. You must be in good 
academic standing with a minimum grade point average of 2.0 (C) to be 
considered for admission. 

EARLY ADMISSION 

A number of high schools have accelerated and enriched their programs to the 
degree that the advanced students may be intellectually and emotionally ready 
for the collegiate experience by the close of the junior year in high school. 
Lycoming College is willing to consider and admit these students to the 
freshman class each year. 




EARLY ADMISSION PROCEDURE 

1. Your high school counselor recommends you for early admission. 

2. Your parents approve the advancement as preferable to the senior year at 
the high school. 

3. After consultation between you, your parents, your school administrators, 
and College personnel, you complete the regular application procedure. 

4. You are admitted with full freshman standing. At the successful completion 
of your freshman year, your high school receives a grade report from the 
College. The high school then usually awards its standard diploma. 

ADMISSION AS A SPECIAL STUDENT 

Persons who wish to take one or more courses and are not regularly enrolled 
at Lycoming may apply for admission to any term as a special student. 
Application forms are available from the Admissions Office. 

PROVISIONS FOR VETERANS 

Lycoming is fully approved for the educational program for veterans under 
Federal Public Laws 550, 634, and 894. 

ADMISSIONS OFFICE 

The Admissions Office is located on the first floor of Long Hall. For an 
appointment please write or call the Admissions Office. The telephone number 
is Williamsport 717 326-1951. 

Office hours are: 

Monday through Friday 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. 

Saturday 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon 

June, July, August — 4:00 p.m. closing and no Saturday hours. 



8 



ORIENTATION 

The orientation program at Lycoming is designed to help the student entering 
college for the first time to start this new adventure under the most favorable 
circumstances. An entirely new concept of courses, class scheduling, and 
methods of instruction must be assimilated. Adjustments to this new experience 
are important. 

In order to prepare you for the beginning of this experience, Lycoming 
schedules four to six orientation sessions lasting two and one half days during 
the summer. Each new student is required to attend one of these sessions 
accompanied by at least one parent. 

The summer program makes it possible to schedule ample time for academic 
advisement, placement testing, library orientation, and registration. The college 
is able to work more satisfactorily with you in planning programs of study tailored 
to your vocational and academic interests. You complete all preliminaries, 
including registration, during the summer orientation period. Textbooks are 
available for purchase and perusal prior to the opening of classes in the fall. 

Information about the dates of orientation sessions and a pre-registration form 
will be mailed to you when you have confirmed your admission to Lycoming 
College. 

In addition to the required orientation program, an extended five-day voluntary 
orientation experience is provided during the summer. These five-day sessions 
are an abbreviated adaptation of the Outward Bound program. 

Groups of ten students, each under the leadership of two qualified instructors, 
learn to appreciate and extend their ability to accomplish personal and group 
objectives, and increase their own sense of self-esteem. The sessions take 
place in the wild country of North Central Pennsylvania, within a radius of 50 
miles of Williamsport. 

Information regarding Explo 76 will be mailed to you along with the regular 
Orientation material. 





*JN 



FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



EXPENSES 

Lycoming recognizes the problem of constantly increasing educational costs 
and offers a substantial program of financial aid to assist those needing help 
to attend an excellent private coeducational college. 

If you are academically qualified you should not hesitate to apply to Lycoming 
College solely because of financial need. At Lycoming, we make every effort 
to assure that qualified students are not barred due to their limited resources. 

The expenses listed below have been kept as low as possible through regular 
voluntary contributions from alumni and friends plus income from invested 
endowment funds. This gift income has permitted Lycoming to develop a well- 
qualified academic community and to continually improve its excellent facilities. 

Thus at Lycoming you will receive much more than any fees you pay would buy 
— a rare bargain in today's economy. And if our "bargain" price is still beyond 
your means, our financial aid office will assist you as much as possible, as 
outlined beginning on page 15. 

GENERAL EXPENSES FOR THE ACADEMIC YEAR 1976-1977 

The Comprehensive Fee at Lycoming is $1,275.00 per semester, plus special 
charges which are listed on the following pages. A residence hall room costs 
$300.00 per semester. Board is $325.00 per semester. If, for justifiable reason, 
it is impossible for a student to eat in the College Dining Room, permission may 
be granted to make other meal arrangements. However, when such permission 
is granted, the room cost will be 50% higher. If you request the use of a double 
room as a single room, an available room costs 50% more than its regular rate. 

The comprehensive fee covers the regular load of three or four unit courses 
each semester. If there should be a considerable increase in the price of 
commodities and /or services during any semester, the College reserves the 
right to make appropriate increases in the charges for the following semester. 
Additional detailed information will be furnished by the Treasurer's Office upon 
request. 

11 



12 1 FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



APPLICATION FEE AND DEPOSITS 

All students applying for admissions are required to send an application fee of 
$15.00 with the application. This charge is to defray the cost of processing the 
application and maintaining academic records and it is non-refundable. 

After you are notified that you have been accepted for admission by the College, 
you are required to make a deposit of $100.00. This deposit is evidence of your 
good intention to matriculate and is applicable to the general charges of your 
final semester in attendance; it is not an extra fee. This deposit is not refundable 
if you fail to matriculate at Lycoming. 

All resident students are required to make an additional Room Security Deposit 
of $50.00. If, as a resident student, you are not assessed for any damage to your 
room in the residence hall, the Room Security Deposit is fully refunded when 
you no longer live in the residence hall. 



EXPENSES IN DETAIL PER SEMESTER — 1976-1977 

The College reserves the right to adjust fees at any time. 

One-Time Fees and Deposits 

Resident Students Non-Resident Students 

$ 15.00 Application Fee $ 15.00 

$ 100.00 Admission Deposit $ 100.00 

$ 50.00 Room Security Deposit 

Per Semester (1976-1977) 

$1,275.00 Comprehensive Fee $1,275.00 

$ 300.00 Room 

$ 325.00 Board 



$1,900.00 Basic Cost $1,275.00 

Fees For Part-Time Students 

Application Fee $ 15.00 

Each Unit Course $ 300.00 

Additional charges 

Fifth Unit Course $ 300.00 

Laboratory Fee per Unit Course $5.00 to $ 30.00 

Applied Music Fee (Half-Hour per Week per Semester) $ 50.00 

Practice Teaching Fee (Payable in Junior Year) $ 100.00 

Transcript Fee (No Charge for First Transcript) $ 1.00 

Cap and Gown (Rental at Prevailing Cost) 

R.O.T.C. Basic Course Deposit $ 30.00 

R.O.T.C. Advanced Course Deposit $ 30.00 



FINANCIAL INFORMATION! 13 



BOOKS AND SUPPLIES 

A book and supply store is conveniently located in Wertz Student Center. The 
estimated cost ranges from $75.00 to $150.00 per year depending on the 
course of study which you pursue. 

PAYMENT OF FEES 

The basic fees for each semester are due and payable ten days before the 
beginning of that semester. 

PARTIAL PAYMENTS 

For the convenience of those who find it impossible to follow the schedule of 
payments as listed, arrangements may be made with the College Treasurer for 
the monthly payment of college fees through various educational plans. 
Additional information concerning partial payments may be obtained from the 
Treasurer or Director of Admissions. 

WITHDRAWALS AND REFUNDS 

The date on which the Dean of the College approves the student's withdrawal 
form is considered the official date of withdrawal. In the case of minors, the 
approval of the parent or guardian is required before the withdrawal is approved 
and before any refund is made. 




&U V^P 



14 1 FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



Room charges are fixed on a semester basis. If you leave college prior to the 
end of a semester you will not be entitled to any refund of room charges. 

Refund of tuition and board will be made to students who withdraw voluntarily 
from the college while in good standing and is fixed on the following basis: 
Students leaving during the first four-week period are charged thirty percent; 
during the second four weeks, sixty percent; during the third four weeks, ninety 
percent; after twelve weeks, full charge. 

Dropping a unit course from the original schedule after the first week of either 
semester will not justify any claim for refund of tuition charges. No refund will 
be made to those students who are asked to withdraw from the college. Special 
charges cannot be refunded for any reason whatever. 

PENALTY FOR NON-PAYMENT OF FEES 

You will not be registered for courses in a new semester if your account for 
previous attendance has not been settled. No grades will be issued, no diploma, 
transcript of credits, or certification of withdrawal in good standing will be 
granted to any student until a satisfactory settlement of all obligations has been 
made. 

DAMAGE CHARGES 

Wherever possible, damage to dormitory property will be charged to the person 
or persons directly responsible. Damage and breakage occurring in a room will 
be the responsibility of students occupying the room. Halls and bathroom 
damage will be the responsibility of all students of the section where damage 
occurs. Actual costs of repairs will be charged. 



if 



FINANCIAL AID 



In considering the financing of your college education both the expenses 
involved and the various methods of meeting them should be considered 
simultaneously. At Lycoming, if you need financial aid, a generous program of 
assistance can help to lower your out-of-pocket cost significantly. 

Since you will be the primary beneficiary of your higher education, we feel you 
should assume part of the responsibility for paying your college expenses. You 
can do this by saving, working, and borrowing. We expect you to make every 
effort to obtain financial support from such outside sources as state and local 
grants, company scholarships for employee's children, and other funds you 
may be eligible to receive. 

A student's parents are often an important source of financial help. Some 
families of modest means can give only moral support, but most also can give 
substantial financial help. We are eager to help you and your parents to meet 
your educational expenses at Lycoming but expect each family to pay as much 
as it can reasonably afford and at least as much as other families in similar 
financial circumstances. 

The establishment of need is the controlling factor in determining the amount 
of any financial aid. A scholarship may be awarded on the basis of financial 
need and academic ability, while a grant is given on the basis of financial need 
alone. Long term, low cost educational loans are available to most students who 
need them from Federal and State sources. If your academic standing is 
satisfactory, a portion of your college expenses can be earned by part-time 
work. 

Financial need is determined by deducting what you and your parents can 
reasonably contribute toward your education from the actual cost of attending 
Lycoming College. You are eligible to be considered for financial aid up to the 
part of the cost which it is impossible for you to provide. Your family's total 
financial situation is judged. Not only gross income and net assets are 
considered, but also the number of dependent children, unusual medical 
expenses, marital status of parents, brothers or sisters attending college, and 
other pertinent data. 

To apply for financial assistance, obtain the "Parents Confidential Statement" 
form from your high school guidance counselor or the Financial Aid Office at 
Lycoming. Submit the completed "Parents Confidential Statement" to the 
College Scholarship Service, P.O. Box 1 76, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, at the 
earliest convenient date. 



15 



16 1 FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



SCHOLARSHIPS 

A number of scholarships are awarded to freshman applicants who are in the 
top fifth of their high school class and have a combined score over 1200 in the 
College Entrance Board Tests. The scholarships range from $300 to full tuition 
depending upon the student's financial need. These scholarships are renewed 
each year if the student maintains a 3.0 cumulative average and financial need 
continues. There are a number of Freshman Recognition Scholarships of 
$700.00 each awarded to applicants who have superior academic quali- 
fications but do not demonstrate any financial need. These scholarships are 
only for the student's first year at Lycoming. 

GRANTS-IN-AID 

For worthy students who can not qualify for scholarships, Lycoming has an 
extensive program of grants-in-aid up to full tuition. Awards are based on 
demonstrated need and the prospect of the student contributing positively to 
the college community. Renewal requires continued financial need, main- 
tenance of satisfactory academic and citizenship standards, and participation 
in college activities. 




FINANCIAL INFORMATION/ 17 



MINISTERIAL GRANTS-IN-AID 

Each applicant for a ministerial grant-in-aid should complete the College 
Scholarship Service form. If there is demonstrated need for more financial 
assistance than a ministerial grant-in-aid will provide, additional types of aid will 
be considered. The ministerial grant-in-aid will be part of a total award to meet 
a demonstrated need — it will not be given in addition to awards which will meet 
established needs. 

Children of ministers of the Central Pennsylvania Annual Conference of The 
United Methodist Church receive grants equal to one-third of the charges for 
tuition. 

Children of ministers of other Annual Conferences of The United Methodist 
Church and of other denominations receive grants equal to one-fourth of the 
charges for tuition. 

Students preparing for the Christian ministry receive grants equal to one-fourth 
of the charges for tuition. They must satisfactorily complete the application for 
pre-ministerial discount, file an application for financial aid, and demonstrate 
financial need. 




18 /FINANCIAL INFORMATION 



FEDERAL BASIC EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY GRANTS (BEOG) 

The Educational Amendments of 1972 established this new program of basic 
grants up to $1 ,400.00 per year for full time students which are granted on the 
basis of financial need. Separate application to the Federal government is 
required. These applications are available from high school guidance offices 
and from the Financial Aid Office. All students should apply for the BEOG 
program. 

FEDERAL SUPPLEMENTAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY 
GRANTS (SEOG) 

This is a Federal program to provide additional assistance to those students with 
heavy financial need. Awards are made of $200.00 to $1 ,500.00 and are based 
entirely on financial need. Renewal is available if the applicant has no reduction 
in financial need in succeeding years. 

FEDERAL NATIONAL DIRECT STUDENT LOANS (NDSL) 

Federal loan funds are available under the National Defense Education Act of 
1958. Loans up to $1,000.00 per year are granted on the basis of academic 
promise and demonstrated need. Repayment does not begin until after 
graduation or withdrawal. Loans are normally renewed yearly if the applicant 
files a renewal application by May 1st. 

FEDERAL COLLEGE WORK-STUDY GRANTS (CWSP) 

An opportunity is provided for students to earn some part of their College 
expenses and gain some practical experience from working on campus or in 
selected off-campus programs. The Federal income guidelines must be met to 
be eligible for work-study awards. There are opportunities for campus em- 
ployment for those students who can not meet the Federal guidelines but who 
desire employment; these students should file an application with the Place- 
ment Office. 




FINANCIAL INFORMATION/ 19 



OTHER SOURCES OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE 

STATE GRANTS 

All applicants for financial aid are strongly urged to investigate programs 
sponsored by their home state and to apply before the deadline. Pennsylvania 
applicants should apply for state aid before the deadline (normally January 
30th) during their senior year in high school. See your guidance counselor or 
write: P.H.E.A.A., Towne House, Harrisburg, Pa. 17102. 

STATE GUARANTEED LOANS 

Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and most other states provide state 
guaranteed loans through local banks. This program provides long-term loans 
for educational expenses with repayments over an extended, liberal payment 
schedule. See your own bank early for information. 

COMMUNITY SCHOLARSHIPS 

In many communities there are local groups and foundations which provide 
funds to help worthy students. High school awards are often available. Your 
guidance counselor and principal are the best sources of information. 

EDUCATION FINANCING PLANS 

In addition to direct financial aid described above, the Business Office or the 
Financial Aid Office will provide information, upon request, about plans enabling 
parents to pay college expenses on a monthly basis through selected 
companies. 

RESERVE OFFICERS TRAINING CORPS (ROTC) SCHOLARSHIPS 

Students participating in the Army ROTC program are eligible forthree, two, and 
one year ROTC scholarships to finance tuition, books, lab fees, etc., with the 
exception of room and board. Scholarship students also receive $100.00 per 
month during the academic year. 

RESERVE OFFICERS TRAINING CORPS (ROTC) PROGRAM 

Students participating in the Army ROTC program receive $100.00 per 
academic month of theirjuniorand senioryears. They also receive half asecond 
lieutenant's pay plus travel expenses for a six-week advanced summer camp 
between their junior and senior years. 

Additional information concerning financial aid can be obtained by writing to the 
Financial Aid Office, Lycoming College, Williamsport, Pa. 17701. 





20 





21 



CAMPUS LIFE 



STUDENT ACTIVITIES 

The College considers one of its responsibilities to be the encouragement of as 
many different activities as are necessary to provide all students with the 
opportunity to participate constructively in this area of student life. Departmental 
clubs; athletics, both intercollegiate and intramural; varied interest groups such 
as clubs, choir, band; social organizations; social activities; self-governing 
groups; and many informal associations are important in a well-integrated 
program of student activities. 

STUDENT ASSOCIATION OF LYCOMING COLLEGE 

The Student Association of Lycoming College is the channel through which 
students communicate with other students, administrators, and faculty. SALC 
is the organization which the college recognizes as the representative voice of 
all students. The SALC can be a forum where student concerns, needs, desires, 
and grievances can be discussed and effectively communicated to the 
administration and faculty. 

The primary concern of SALC is the promotion of student involvement in college 
concerns. As one responsibility of SALC, its president appoints students to 
appropriate student/faculty and administrative committees and councils. They 
have the same individual voting privileges as faculty and administrators. Any 
interested student is eligible for appointment to these committees which play 
an important role in the functioning of the College. 

STUDENT UNION 

The Student Union Board is an advisory and functional group of students who 
work with an associate dean of students who helps develop the activity and 
social program. Students are selected for membership on the Board by 
indicating their interest in the program. 

The Board's services to the campus include poster making and publicity, a 
travel service, social programs, dances, lectures, concerts, picnics, films, 
tournaments, recreational activities, bridge, life-saving courses, coffee-house, 
and intercollegiate events. 

22 




CAMPUS CLUBS AND ORGANIZATIONS 

A variety of organizations on the campus provide opportunities for social and 
intellectual growth. These groups are organized and conducted by students in 
cooperation with faculty sponsors or advisors. 

Some of the groups are: the Student P.S.E.A.— N.E.A., which gives prospective 
teachers current information on the teaching field and an insight into the 
problems of education; The Varsity Club, which promotes college spirit in 
sports; the Business Club for students majoring in business administration; the 
French, German, Russian, and Spanish Clubs, which study the language and 
the life and culture of the countries; the Model United Nations Society; the 
Practical Politics Society; and the Women's Information Center. 

COLLEGE PUBLICATIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS 

The Bell, official student newspaper, is published periodically and is devoted 
to interests of the student body, reporting current campus events. 

The Arrow, college yearbook, is published annually and presents a record of 
student life during the previous academic year. 

The Pathfinder, published annually by the Dean of the College, presents a 
composite of academic options, procedures, regulations, and policies per- 
taining to the academic program. 

The Guidepost, published annually by the Office of Student Services, is a 
handbook of policies, regulations, and other information. 

The Residence Halls Handbook is published annually by the Office of Student 
Services and provides information about residence hall facilities, activities, 
governance, rules, and regulations. 

NOTE: The Pathfinder, the Guidepost, and the Residence Halls Handbook are 
important statements of official College policy and regulations which you will 
receive before you are required to confirm your acceptance of the College's 
offer of admission. 



23 



24 1 CAMPUS LIFE 



The Academic Bulletin is published periodically by the Dean of the College to 
keep students, faculty, and administrators informed of academic affairs. 

The Lycoming, eight newspaper and two magazine editions yearly, informs 
alumni and friends about Lycoming. Students and faculty contribute articles. 

The Campus Radio Station, WLCR, broadcasts on a wired circuit to all residence 
halls. It is operated daily from 8 a.m. to 2 a.m., except Sunday when it is on the 
air on a more limited schedule. 

FINE ARTS ACTIVITIES 

The Arena Theatre stages many productions throughout the year. You have an 
opportunity to enjoy serious drama, comedies, readings, recitals, and even 
marionette productions, or you can participate — from acting through all the 
behind-the-scene activities. 

Musical organizations at Lycoming offer to vocalists and instrumentalists alike 
a fine opportunity to learn by doing. The choir and the band tour annually in 
addition to performing on the campus. There are several choral groups and 
instrumental ensembles offering every able student the chance to participate. 

If you are interested in art you can work in many mediums. Many professional 
artists, lecturers, and performers exhibit and appear on campus and in the area. 

FRATERNITIES 

Six Greek fraternities provide male students with the advantages of national 
fraternities. Activities of Kappa Delta Rho, Sigma Pi (Colony), Lambda Chi 
Alpha, Theta Chi, Alpha Sigma Phi, and Tau Kappa Epsilon are coordinated by 
I.F.C. 

INTERCOLLEGIATE SPORTS 

The college offers an attractive program of intercollegiate athletics and 
encourages wide participation by both men and women. It is a member of the 
National Collegiate Athletic Association, the Eastern Collegiate Athletic Con- 
ference, and the Northern Division of the Middle Atlantic Conference. Lycoming 
annually meets some of the top-ranking small college teams in the East in 
athletic competition. Contests are scheduled in football, soccer, basketball, 
wrestling, swimming, tennis, golf, and track. A rapidly expanding intercollegiate 
program includes competition with women's teams of other colleges in field 
hockey, swimming, and tennis 

INTRAMURAL ATHLETICS 

An extensive and diversified program of intramural athletic competition affords 
an opportunity to participate in one or more sports of your choice. 

Sports include touch football, basketball, volleyball, table tennis, golf, badmin- 
ton, tennis, softball, wrestling, horseshoes, bowling, track and field, archery, 
and field hockey. Both men's and women's teams and competitions are 
available in most of these intramural sports. 





25 



26 1 CAMPUS LIFE 



STUDENT SERVICES 

The Office of Student Services is concerned with various aspects of your 
development. On the staff of the Dean of Student Services are four associates, 
each of whom live on campus and are available for counseling and advising 
students with individual problems. In addition, each staff member is responsible 
for specific assignments such as: Religious Activities, Health Service, Organiza- 
tional Life, Student Activities, the Student Union, Housing, Special Programs, 
Career Counseling and Placement. 

PERSONAL COUNSELING 

The Dean of Student Services and his staff provide advisement and counseling 
for students with emotional and adjustment problems. Each member of the staff 
is qualified to give assistance of a non-therapeutic type. A psychiatrist serves 
as a consultant to the staff and is available for evaluation of students who may 
be in need of professional services. Continuing therapy is available only through 
referral to public agencies and private clinicians in the community. When a 
student uses the services of a private clinician he is responsible for the payment 
of his own fees. 

HEALTH SERVICE 

The College maintains an out-patient service, located in Rich Hall, which is 
staffed with a registered nurse five days a week from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 
When the Health Service is closed, emergency care is available at the 
Emergency Rooms of both local hospitals. The College pays the emergency 
room charge and the emergengy room physician's fee for illness only. The 
student is responsible for other charges. 

The College physician is available from 11:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon Monday 
through Friday at the Health Service and on call at other hours through the 
nurses. Normal medical treatment by the Health Service staff at the College 
Health Service is free of charge. However, special medications, x-rays, surgery, 
care of major accidents, immunizations, examinations for glasses, physician's 
visits other than in the Health Service, referrals for treatment by specialists, and 
special nursing service, etc., are not included in the free health service. The 
student must pay for a visit to the doctor's private office. 

STUDY SKILLS PROGRAM 

A series of professionally directed study-skills sessions are scheduled as the 
need arises. Groups of six to ten students are enrolled for a series of three one- 
hour sessions. These include sessions on scheduling of time, test-taking, note- 
taking, and a method of study. 

READING IMPROVEMENT COURSE 

A course designed to improve reading skills is offered at various times during 
the academic year. Skilled instructors teach how to improve reading speed and 
comprehension in short courses which span a three-week period. If you are 
deficient in reading skills, you may sign up for this course on a voluntary basis. 
The charge is $15.00. Information is sent to students during the summer. 



CAMPUS LIFE 127 



CAREER DEVELOPMENT CENTER 

The Career Development Center provides a variety of services to help each 
student in preparing for a meaningful career. 

At Lycoming, we believe that many students need, and can be assisted in 
developing, realistic long-range educational and career goals. Beginning in the 
students' freshman year, the Career Development Center attempts to help them 
resolve questions that are important but often puzzling and perplexing. "What 
are my interests, abilities and needs? What major should I select? What are the 
career trends and employment outlooks? What can I do to better prepare for 
employment in my chosen field?" All freshmen are strongly encouraged to avail 
themselves of individual counseling with a career counselor. Career planning 
seminars in value clarification, skill assessment, and decision making are 
supportive of the freshman program. 

In today's labor market, it is imperative that students have the opportunity to 
explore a variety of career avenues. Lycoming's program encourages such 
investigation through a comprehensive and up-to-date career library, video- 
cassette presentations, newsletters, a speaker's program which brings people 
from various career specialties to the campus weekly to talk with students. First- 
hand exploration of different occupations and professions is afforded by the 
SHARE (Students Having A Real Experience) and Internship programs. 
Participating students observe and work with professional and other specialists 
on a daily basis for a period of time, giving students a real insight into the 
problems and solutions that characterize a particular field. 

During the student's senior year, the Career Development Center plays an 
active role in assisting seniors to secure employment or admission to graduate 
or professional school. Thirty-four placement services are provided to assist 
seniors in implementing their career plans. The nucleus of the placement 
service is the individual attention each senior receives from our career 
counselor, thus insuring the student the opportunity to develop a sound strategy 
for job hunting. 

With greater insight into your academic and career goals, the Career Develop- 
ment Center is committed to broaden the career opportunities open to you after 
graduation. 

RESIDENCE AND RESIDENCE HALLS 

If you are a single student and do not reside at home you are required to live 
in the college residence halls and eat your meals in the college dining room. 
Requests for exceptions must be submitted in writing to the Associate Dean of 
Student Services-Housing. 

If you do not have permission to live off-campus, you must sign a room 
agreement form, agreeing to observe the rules and regulations for resident 
students. An agreement form will be sent to you following confirmation of your 
acceptance. Upperclassmen receive the agreements and rules and regulations 
each Spring. 

Because of the inability of the College to predict enrollment by sex, it is 
necessary to keep assignments of halls as flexible as possible. No hall or unit 
is specifically assigned to women or men on other than a year to year basis. 







28 





29 



Resident students are responsible for the condition of their room and its 
furnishings. The College reserves the right to enter and inspect any of its 
property, or the property of a room resident for reasons of damage, health, 
safety, or to determine whether violation of its rules or the law are taking place 
or have occurred. Charges will be assessed for damages to rooms, doors, 
furniture, and commonly used areas. 

Resident students are expected to vacate their rooms during the vacation 
periods when the halls are closed and not later than twenty-four hours following 
their last examinations, except for graduating seniors. 

Regulations regarding quiet hours for study may be established by the Office 
of Student Services or appropriate residence hall councils and are published 
in the Residence Halls Handbook and on the bulletin boards in the halls. 

Room visitation by members of the opposite sex is permitted in the halls only 
under conditions which are established by the College in cooperation with the 
various residence hall governing groups which share responsibility for regu- 
lations and are organized each fall before visitation privileges begin. 

STANDARDS OF CONDUCT 

The College expects all of its students to accept the responsibility required of 
adults in a free democratic society. The rules and regulations of the College are 
designed to protect the rights of every member of the community against 
encroachment by individuals. The limitations which are imposed upon the 
activities of individuals are established for the common good of the entire 
college community. 

Students who are unable to demonstrate that they can accept this responsibility 
or are antagonistic to the spirit and general purpose of the College, or fail to 
abide by the regulations established by the College may be dismissed or 
requested to leave the College at any time. Further, at the end of any term or 
semester the College may deny a student the privilege of attending any 
subsequent term or semester when the administration deems this to be in the 
best interest of the College. In addition to the regulations published here, 
specific rules are furnished each student in the Guidepost and the Residence 
Halls Handbook. 

The consumption or possession of alcoholic beverages on campus or at any 
official college function is prohibited. Detailed information regarding the laws 
of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania are published in the Guidepost. 

Lycoming does not condone the illegal use of drugs by its students. A statement 
of the policy on drugs is published in the Guidepost. 

Cheating, lying, and stealing are totally inconsistent with Lycoming standards. 
Although the acceptance and observance of the standards of behavior 
expected by the College is an individual responsibility it is a group responsibility 
as well. It is incumbent on all Lycoming students that they attempt to influence 
their peers to conduct themselves honorably for the collective good. 

It is assumed that a willingness to accept these restrictions is implicit in the 
acceptance of membership in the Lycoming College community. When you are 
admitted to Lycoming you will receive a copy of the Guidepost and a copy of 
the Residence Halls Handbook if you will live in a College residence. 

Both documents are important statements of official College policy, rules, and 
regulations which are part of the contractual agreement which you enter into 
when you register as a student at Lycoming. 

30 



CAMPUS LIFE I 31 



RELIGIOUS LIFE 

Lycoming College provides you with opportunities to mature in your faith 
through voluntary participation in the religious life of the campus and the 
community. 

Faculty and students express their religious convictions through membership 
and participation in nearly thirty Protestant denominations as well as the Roman 
Catholic and Hebrew faiths. Significant opportunities are offered to every 
student for the voluntary expression of this religious faith. 

A varied religious life program is maintained as needs arise. The College Chapel 
presents outstanding pulpit voices from off-campus, as well as faculty and staff 
speakers. 

A Roman Catholic chaplain assists in the activities of the Catholic Council of 
Lycoming College and maintains office hours in Clarke Chapel for counseling 
purposes. Mass is celebrated on campus each Sunday evening. 

Protestants have opportunities to participate in student planned programs and 
activities through the Campus Church and the Christian Fellowship, as well as 
in local churches. 





32 




. 




THIS IS LYCOMING 

Lycoming is a coeducational liberal arts college with a student body of 1,300, 
approximately 800 men and 500 women. A United Methodist related institution, 
Lycoming is open to students regardless of their religious, racial, or national 
backgrounds. 

At Lycoming it is believed that a liberal arts education is the best hope for an 
enlightened citizenry and that vocational and professional specialization must 
be built on a broad acquaintance with the various disciplines. Programs are 
arranged within a liberal arts framework so that all students study the 
humanities, sciences, and social sciences. 

Beyond the level of general education, the College stresses the pursuit of a 
major. This presses you to achieve competency in a more limited area and 
encourages greater depth and sense of academic achievement. The major 
relates to increased understanding of yourself and your world; it leads both to 
graduate school and to vocation. Majors are not confined to single departments 
of the College; increasingly they are interdepartmental in nature, thus permitting 
the student a wider range of experience in related fields. A wide variety of 
individualized opportunities are also available and are described elsewhere in 
this catalog under "Special Opportunities." 

LOCATION 

Lycoming College, in scenic North Central Pennsylvania ninety miles north of 
Harrisburg, is set upon a slight prominence near downtown Williamsport 
overlooking the beautiful West Branch Valley of the Susquehanna River. Greater 
Williamsport, with a population of 85,000, is within 200 miles of Washington, 
Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, Syracuse, Rochester, Buffalo, and Pitts- 
burgh. It is easily accessible by bus, airline, and automobile. Interstate 80 
passes fifteen miles south of Williamsport; U.S. Routes 15 and 220 come 
through the city. 

CAMPUS LIFE 

A full program of cultural, professional, athletic, and social activities is an 
integral part of college life at Lycoming. You can find outlets for your talents, 
interests, and abilities among the numerous student organizations — fraternities, 
departmental clubs and honorary societies, student government, publications, 
and a comprehensive varsity and intramural sports program — each abounding 
in opportunities for student participation. Student Council, The Campus Church, 
Student Union Board, and other campus organizations bring in a variety of talent 
and speakers. 



33 




, 









* 



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v ■ • 



36/ LYCOMING CAMPUS 



RESIDENTIAL 

1. North Hall (1965) — 146 students in two-room suites with bath. 

4. East Hall ^962) — Houses chapters of national fraternities and other students. The fraternity units, 
distinct self-contained, provide dormitory facilities, lounge, and a chapter room for each group. 
All students share a large social area on the ground floor. 

5. Forrest Hall (1968) — 92 students in two-room suites with bath. Honors Dr. and Mrs. Fletcher Bliss 
Forrest and Anna Forrest Burfiendt '30, the parents and sister of Katherine Forrest Mathers '28 
whose generosity established the memorial. 

6. Crever Hall (1962) — 126 students in two-room suites with bath. Honors the College's founder 
and first financial agent, the Rev. Benjamin H. Crever, who helped persuade the Baltimore 
Conference to purchase the institution from the Williamsport Town Council in 1848. 

8. Wesley Hall (1956) — 144 students. Honors the Founder of Methodism. 

9. Rich Hall (1948) — 126 students in two-room suites with bath. Honors the Rich family of Woolrich, 
Pennsylvania. Houses the college health service and the Sara J. Walter non-residents lounge. 

11. Asbury Hall (1962) — 154 students. Honors Bishop Francis Asbury, the father of The United 
Methodist Church in America, who made the circuit through the upper "Susquehanna District" 
in 1812, the year the Williamsport Academy (now Lycoming) opened its doors. 

18. Skeath Hall (1965) — 184 students. Honors the late J. Milton Skeath, professor of psychology and 
four-time dean of the institution from 1921 to 1967. 

ACADEMIC 

12-15. The Academic Center (1968) 

12. Laboratories and Arena Theatre — Language, business, mathematics, and physics laboratories; 
Detwiler Planetarium; 204 seat thrust-stage arena theatre; 90 seat Alumni Lecture Hall. 

13. Faculty Office Building — 69 faculty offices, seminar rooms, 735 seat lecture hall. 

14. Wendle Hall — Spacious Pennington Lounge is an informal meeting place for students and 
faculty. Psychology laboratories, 20 classrooms. 

15. Library — Can accommodate 700 students in a variety of study and reading situations, has a 
capacity of 250,000 volumes, computer center, audio-visual center. 

2. Art Center (1965) — Studios and art gallery. 

3. Fine Arts Building (1940) — Art Studios. 

19. Eveland Hall (1912) — Sculpture and art studios. 

21. Science Building (1957) — Chemistry and biology lecture rooms, laboratories, offices. 

CHAPEL 

17. Clarke Chapel (1939) — Worship services and other events in auditorium, classrooms, studios 
and music department faculty offices on ground floor 

ADMINISTRATION 

10. John W. Long Hall (1951) — College administration offices: President, College Deans, Treasurer, 
Registrar, Admissions, Alumni Affairs, Public Relations, Career Development Center, Publica- 
tions, Development, and Financial Aid. Reception area, central communications, duplicating and 
bulk mail services. 

RECREATION 

7. Wertz Student Center (1959) — Dining room, Burchfield Lounge, recreation area, game room, 
music room, book store, post office, and student organization offices. Honors Bishop D. Frederick 
Wertz, president of Lycoming from 1955 until 1968. 

16. Gymnasium (1923) — Basketball and other courts, swimming pool, bowling alleys, physical 
education offices. 



^^^H 



+ \^* 




SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



The changing nature of American education finds greater emphasis than ever 
before upon the development of significant opportunities for self-fulfillment 
among students. Pertinent educational goals demand that you should be 
accorded an opportunity to pursue a program that offers you the best chance 
to realize your intellectual potential. It is for this reason, that Lycoming has 
developed a curriculum that allows maximum flexibility in course selection, 
especially among those courses that support the major as well as those that 
effectively meet the requirements of the College's objectives in liberal educa- 
tion. But wide variety in course selection does not always allow as completely 
individualistic a program as one might wish. Therefore, a variety of special 
opportunities is provided. 

LYCOMING SCHOLAR PROGRAM 

The Lycoming Scholar Program offers highly motivated students an opportunity 
to develop their full potential through a flexible and demanding academic 
program. Persons with the following qualities would most likely benefit from this 
unique program: 

High intellectual ability initially indicated by a class standing normally in the 
upper fifteen percent and combined SAT scores of approximately 1150 or 
higher; 

Intellectual curiosity, motivation, imagination, creativity, and a desire for 
excellence; 

Sufficient independence of mind to plan and execute a unique personal 
academic program which best uses the resources of the College; 

Commitment' to the value of intellectual dialogue. 

SCHOLAR OPPORTUNITIES 

The following opportunities are designed to be helpful to Lycoming Scholars in 
achieving the stated objective of the program. 

The Scholar Council will relax the established distribution requirements while 
maintaining the breadth of a liberal arts education. The program for the 
individual Scholar is to be tailored by the Scholar and his academic consultant 
based upon an assessment of the student's previous attainments and his 
needs. This is subject to approval by the Lycoming Scholar Council. 

Scholars may take a fifth course in any semester, and, unlike other students, 
Scholars may take an unlimited number of Studies and Honors courses. The 
present fee to Scholars for the fifth course is $50.00. 

Lycoming Scholars — either singly or in groups — are encouraged to petition the 
Council, in writing, for funds to undertake special educational projects involving 
extra expenses, such as taking trips or bringing in special speakers. Students 

38 



SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES I 39 



applying for such funds are expected to make the results of their investigations 
available to the Scholar community, and, if possible to the college at large. 

Due to the composition of the Scholar Council, Scholars have a greater voice 
in determining the nature of their education than is possible in the college as 
a whole. 

Evidence of participation in the Lycoming Scholar Program will be noted on the 
Scholar's transcript and diploma. A brief description of the program will be a 
part of the transcript. 

At the request of the Scholar, the Council will endorse, for graduate school and 
other post-baccalaureate endeavors, those Scholars who have met the 
objective of the Program. 

ADMISSION TO THE PROGRAM 

Scholars may be chosen by the Council while in their last year of secondary 
education, before actual matriculation at Lycoming. Their potential for meeting 
the objective of the Program will be measured by a variety of means. Among 
them are interviews with Scholars and faculty members, and written responses 
to essay questions. 

Scholars also may be chosen from the current Lycoming student body after their 
first year of study. Requirements include: (a) a letter of application, (b) letters 
of recommendation from two faculty members who are not on the Council, plus 
optional letters from present Scholars, and (c) an interview with members of the 
Council. Important factors in granting membership are the student's intellectual 
motivation, independence, desire to participate, and academic progress to 
date which is normally indicated by an average of 3.25 for two consecutive 
semesters. February 1st is designated as the deadline for application. 

SCHOLAR RESPONSIBILITIES 

During their first year in the Program, all Scholars are on a probationary status. 
They are required to participate in a First-Year Seminar. Following successful 
completion of their probationary period, Scholars will be formally admitted to the 
Program. 

Any Scholar may be asked by the Council to leave the Program if he or she is 
judged not to be making satisfactory progress toward meeting its objective. If 
the academic average of the Scholar drops below a 3.00, the Council will look 
into the matter, but lower grades in themselves need not result in dismissal from 
the Program; of far more interest is the overall quality of the student's work. 

During their last year at Lycoming, Scholars are required to participate in a 
Senior Seminar. In these Seminars each student will report on a Studies or 
Honors project taken during the Junior or Senior year. 

All Scholars will have an academic consultant from the faculty to assist them 
in utilizing the potentialities of the Program. Together with the consultant, the 
Scholar must submit a brief plan of study to the Council at each registration 
period. 

Scholars are expected to create academic programs which emphasize depth- 
of-study in a major area combined with a breadth of inquiry into other areas. 



40 1 SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



Scholars also are expected to participate in the activities of the Program. 
Achievement of the Scholar Program objective depends upon the continual 
refinement of a program through faculty-student interaction and dialogue on 
policies, procedures, and activities. To this end, the Scholar Council, which is 
charged with administering the program, is composed of four students elected 
by their peers, four faculty members, and the Dean of the College, all with equal 
vote. 

By presenting this highly flexible curriculum, Lycoming College opens the door 
to students who are motivated to remain intellectually creative. If you qualify for 
this special program and wish to be considered, Lycoming invites your inquiry. 



PART-TIME STUDENT OPPORTUNITIES 

LYCOMING EXPERIMENTAL AUDIT PROGRAM (L.E.A.P.) 

As a special service to the community it serves, Lycoming offers any person 
within commuting distance of the College an opportunity to try higher education 
at a minimal cost through its Experimental Audit Program. Anyone may take one 
course on an audit basis (no credit)— free. You can take advantage of this 
opportunity, once, simply by paying the $15.00 Application Fee, if you have 
never paid it before. No tuition will be charged; you will be responsible for any 
special charges such as lab fees, material costs, transportation, etc. when 
special charges are normally made for the course. 

At the registration for any session you may enroll in a particular course and be 
accepted for that course at the end of the registration period if the class has 
not been filled. 

Currently enrolled students may also take advantage of the Experimental Audit 
Program, once without charge. The course will not be counted in any way toward 
graduation requirements, affect any charges due, nor have any bearing on your 
status as a full or part-time student. 

REGULAR AUDIT 

Any person may audit a course at Lycoming at one-half the tuition for one part- 
time course. Any lab fees and other extra costs must be paid. Credit may not 
be given for an audited course. An experimental or regular audit course can not 
be converted to a credit course after the drop-add period for the semester the 
course is taken. No exams or papers are required of students auditing a course, 
but individual arrangements may be made to participate in these activities with 
the consent of the instructor. 

SPECIAL STUDENT (Part-Time for Credit) 

Any person may take up to two courses during any semester (one only in May 
Term). A part-time special student pays the $1 5.00 Application Fee only the first 








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3 3 3.' 



42 /SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



time he registers and pays the part-time rate in effect when he takes the course. 
Three or more courses a semester constitute a full-time schedule and the 
student must first be accepted by the Admissions Office as a regular student 
subject to full-time student fees and procedures. 

SPECIALLY DESIGNED COURSES 

Lycoming is eager to serve the special educational needs which arise in the 
community. Short courses, institutes, workshops, special semesters, and long- 
term training programs to fill the specific needs of any interested group can be 
designed on a credit or non-credit basis. They can be given on or off campus. 
For more information contact the Dean of the College. 

LIFE LONG LEARNING 

The program consists of short (5 week) non-credit courses offered throughout 
the year. The charge is $5.00 per session. 1974-75 courses included: How to 
Listen to a Symphony, Photography, Investment Fundamentals, Preparation of 
Federal Personal Income Tax Forms, Astronomy Today, The American Revolu- 
tion, Inflation. 



SPECIAL PROGRAMS 

MAY TERM 

Each year a unique May Term is designed to offer a challenging array of special 
courses. Some of the four-week courses offer study and projects on campus; 
others involve domestic or foreign travel; others offer interdisciplinary credit. 
Most of the May Term courses are non-traditional in nature and are not offered 
during the regular academic year. 

While the number of courses offered during the May Term may vary somewhat 
from year to year, the faculty generally offers approximately fifty courses. 
Illustrations of the types of courses offered during May Term are as follows: 

For students wishing to travel abroad, a cultural tour of the Soviet Union has 
become an annual affair, with stops in Moscow, Leningrad, Novgorod, Kiev, and 
Budapest, as well as Denmark, Finland and West Germany. London in May has 
been a popular course, exploring the arts, attending plays and operas, and 
meeting with actors, directors, and teachers. From time to time, other cultural 
tours may be arranged, such as tours of Germany, Spain, France, or Ireland. 
Student demand often determines which cultural tours are offered, since 
instructors wish to assemble cultural tours based upon student interest. 

A number of May Term courses, while not cultural tours, are conducted off- 
campus. The Department of Biology offers a popular course in Marine Biology 
and Biological Oceanography based at the Bermuda Biological Station for 
Research. Other areas or states visited in the past have included the Caribbean 
area, New Mexico, New York, Vermont, Maine, and Virginia. 



SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES / 43 



Although student participation in the May Term is voluntary, response has been 
outstanding, with about 25 to 30 percent of the student body participating. The 
emphasis is upon learning rather than upon grades. Classes are generally small 
and very informal, so that students may develop close personal relationships 
among themselves and between themselves and the instructor. Since the 
courses are voluntarily scheduled by the student, interest in the subject matter 
runs high. 

One less obvious advantage of scheduling May Term courses lies in the savings 
in tuition charges. In order to attract students to the program tuition has been 
reduced about 45 percent. Thus, if a student schedules any combination of four 
May Term and Summer Session courses, he or she may graduate after seven, 
rather than eight, full semesters. For the 1975 May Term, tuition was $165 per 
unit course. Room charges were $55 and board charges were $75. Other 
expenses, such as travel, books and supplies, will vary from course to course. 

STUDENT ENRICHMENT SEMESTER 

To expand academic and life opportunities for its students and to increase their 
chances to participate in specialized programs and courses not available at the 
home institution, Lycoming is a participant in the Student Enrichment Semester 
(SES) program. Other members are Bloomsburg, Bucknell, Lock Haven, 
Mansfield, Susquehanna, and Williamsport Area Community College. 




44 1 SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



In your upperclass years, beyond freshman, you will be able to enroll for credit 
as a full-time student, normally for one term, at any co-operating institution. Each 
SES college will stipulate which of its courses and programs will be open to SES 
students. Lycoming will approve the courses, programs, and credits according 
to its own policies and procedures. 

As an SES student, you will remain fully enrolled in your degree program at 
Lycoming and will simultaneously enroll, on a full-time basis, at the host 
institution according to its definition of full-time enrollment. You will be subject 
to the rules and regulations of the host institution while there. It will extend all 
opportunities and benefits to you, as an SES student, that it provides for its own 
students, such as library, housing, meals, cultural activities, student organiza- 
tions and activities, except where legal constraints provide otherwise. You will 
not be eligible for financial aid from any host institution. 

SES students will pay tuition to Lycoming according to prevailing policies, 
including charges and deferred payment plans. Applicable non-tuition fees, 
such as room and board charges and student activities fees, will be paid to the 
host college. 

INDEPENDENT STUDY 

Each department granting a major provides opportunity to students to work 
independently. Upon consent of the department chairman and the instructor, 
you may register for courses in Independent Study. Normally, the opportunity 
for such study is provided for the better qualified major student who has 
successfully completed the courses making up the core of his major program. 
Except under unusual circumstances, registration for the Studies Course is 
limited to one unit course during each semester. If you wish to elect more than 
one unit during a semester or three or more unit courses in Studies in your total 
college program, approval of the Academic Standing Committee must be 
secured. If you are privileged to do Independent Study you register for courses 
80-89, Studies. An appropriate title is entered in your record. 

SEMINAR STUDY 

Individual departments may from time to time find it possible to organize small 
classes or seminars for exceptional students interested in subjects or topics not 
usually a part of departmental course offerings. Establishment of the seminar 
and admission of students depends upon the approval of the department 
involved. Occasionally, Visiting Professors, Lecturers, or Specialists in Resi- 
dence will offer such seminar studies. Students who are privileged to elect 
Seminar Study in any department register for courses numbered 70-79, Studies, 
with an appropriate title to be entered upon the student's permanent record. 
Enrollment in seminar courses is normally limited to ten students. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

If you desire to enter an Honors program and secure departmental approval to 
apply, a faculty committee shall be convened whose initial responsibility shall 
be to pass upon your eligibility to enter the program. The committee responsi- 
bility shall also include the direction of the study, and final evaluation of its worth. 
Usually the Honors program involves independent study in two consecutive unit 



SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES I 45 



courses. Students who are privileged to elect Honors register for courses 
numbered 90-99. 

Honors study is expected to result in the completion of a thesis to be defended 
in a final oral examination. Acceptable theses shall be deposited in the college 
library. Successful completion of the Honors program will cause the designation 
of honors in the department to be placed upon the permanent record. In the 
event that the study is not completed successfully, the student shall be re- 
registered in Independent Studies and given a final grade for the course. 

WASHINGTON NATIONAL SEMESTER 

Upon recommendation of the faculty of the Department of Political Science, you 
may be permitted to attend the American University, Washington, D.C., for a 
period of one full semester. The Washington Semester program is intended to 
provide a first-hand acquaintance with various aspects of the nation's capital, 
as well as an academic experience equivalent to four normal unit courses. This 
program is open to selected students who have special interests in political 
science, law and American Government. Ordinarily, only junior students are 
eligible. 

INTERNSHIP PROGRAM 

An internship program provides students with an opportunity to enrich their 
classroom knowledge through professionally related practical experience. An 
internship allows the student to test his concept and theories in real, hopefully 
challenging, situations. Placed toward the close of the student's academic 
career, the internship experience adds a valuable dimension to his formal 
education while meeting the demand for greater relevancy in higher education. 

Any junior or senior student who has declared a major is able to petition his major 
department for approval to serve as an intern for one or two semesters. A 
maximum of sixteen credits can be earned. Guidelines for program develop- 
ment, assignment of tasks, and academic requirements such as exams, 
papers, reports, grades, etc., are established in consultation with a faculty 
director at Lycoming and an agency supervisor at the place of internship. 

Students with diverse majors have participated in a wide variety of internships 
including the Allenwood Prison Camp, Community Health Center, County 
Commissioners Office, Department of Environmental Resources, Headstart, 
Historical Society, Litton Industries, Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance, and 
the Williamsport Hospital. 



46 /SPECIAL OPPORTUNITIES 



INTERNATIONAL INTERCULTURAL STUDIES 

WASHINGTON INTERNATIONAL SEMESTER 

Upon the recommendation of the faculty of the department of political science, 
you may attend The American University, Washington, D.C. for a period of one 
full semester. The Washington International Semester is intended to provide a 
unique academic experience in international affairs within the milieu of a major 
world capital. 

UNITED NATIONS SEMESTER 

Upon recommendation of the faculty of the departments of history or political 
science, you may attend Drew University, Madison, New Jersey, for a period 
of one full semester. The United Nations Semester is intended to provide a first- 
hand acquaintance with the United Nations, New York City, as well as an 
academic experience equivalent to four normal unit courses. This program is 
open to selected students who have special interests in world history, 
international relations, law, and politics. Ordinarily, only juniors are eligible. 

LONDON SEMESTER 

Upon recommendation of the faculty of the departments of history or political 
science, you may attend London University for a period of one semester. This 
program is operated by Drew University in conjunction with many other 
American Colleges. It is intended to acquaint the student with the character of 
one of the principal sources of American law and politics as well as to provide 
an academic program equivalent to four normal courses. Ordinarily, only junior 
students are eligible. 

OVERSEAS STUDIES OPPORTUNITIES 

Under auspices of approved universities or agencies, you have an opportunity 
to study in a foreign university. While overseas study is particularly attractive to 
students majoring in foreign languages, this opportunity is open to all students. 
Mastery of the foreign language is not required in all programs. A file of 
opportunities for overseas study is available from the reference librarian. 



It should be noted that Lycoming College cannot assume responsibility 
for the health, safety, or welfare of any student while he or she is engaged 
in or enroute to or from any off-campus studies or activities which are not 
under the exclusive jurisdiction of this institution. 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 1 47 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 

Students who attend a liberal arts institution find numerous career opportunities 
open to them upon graduation. Although students can seek career employment 
related to their academic major, the value of a liberal arts education is that 
students are not restricted to such employment. A liberal arts background gives 
you the flexibility to pursue various career avenues, as illustrated by the careers 
entered by a few of our typical recent graduates. An English major secured 
employment as a housing counselor for the government; a psychology major, 
as a manager in a retailing business; a biology major, as a food and drug 
inspector; an accounting major, as a graduate student attending law school; a 
history major, as a branch manager in a banking firm; a political science major, 
as a county law enforcement agent; a business major, as a technical assistant 
in a television station; a theatre major, as a counselor for underprivileged 
children. In general, a liberal arts education provides a foundation for each 
student to pursue the type of career which focuses upon his abilities, interests, 
and aspirations. 

Today's employers are seeking college graduates with broad academic 
backgrounds. The primary characteristics desired by employers are in- 
telligence, communication skills, leadership ability, community involvement, 
and career identification. Employers believe such individuals will be better able 
to handle the various problems they will encounter in today's complex world. 

Lycoming College is committed to assist each student to develop a realistic 
career plan. The Career Development Center is the primary service designed 
to help students, beginning in their freshman year, to crystallize their future 
plans. Through career counseling, career workships, career information, and 
similar vehicles, the Career Development Center strives to help each student. 

For further information about the Career Development Center see page 27. 




48 1 CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 



CAREER FIELDS UNLIMITED 



Your course of study at Lycoming will help you to gain greater insight into many 
aspects of your world and simultaneously lay a strong foundation for a career. 
Innumerable types of positions are open to liberal arts graduates. At Lycoming 
you have the additional opportunity to explore, from an elementary to an 
advanced level, various fields that may lead to a vocation or direct you toward 
professional or graduate schools. A wide variety of vocations may be entered 
directly upon graduation. These include positions in business, industry, 
government, and the professions, including teaching. A student interested in 
any of these areas is referred to his advisor, to the appropriate department, or 
to a special assigned advisor. 

ACCOUNTING 

There are many reasons for continued rapid growth of the accounting 
profession in the foreseeable future. Lycoming offers a rigorous comprehensive 
program of undergraduate training in accounting leading to the bachelor of arts. 
The most important aspect of an accountant's service to clients and to the public 
cannot be defined as knowledge, nor even as experience, but must be 
described by more elusive terms: wisdom, perception, imagination, circum- 
spection, judgment, integrity. A liberal arts education followed by training on- 
the-job offers you the best background for a successful career in accountancy. 
The academic standards are such as to require you to be proficient in math; 
have an above-average ability to communicate ideas verbally and in written 
form; show a potential ability to express and to interpret abstraction; and 
demonstrate a personality capable of developing qualities of business and 
community leadership. Interested? Contact the Accounting Department. 

BUSINESS 

Lycoming offers course work in the field of business administration particularly 
designed for training prospective business leaders. Business is a highly 
diversified occupation; therefore the curriculum is not designed to be vocational 
or narrowly pre-professional. The purposes of the business administration 
curriculum are to train and equip your mind to recognize and solve complex 
problems facing business executives, to develop an appreciation for rigorous 
analysis, to practice the arts of verbal and written communication, and to expose 
the developing mind to as wide as possible a range of course work represented 
by the traditional liberal arts curriculum, to the end that you become truly well 
educated. Considerable flexibility is permissible within the curriculum, and you 
are encouraged to pursue course work most rewarding to you. 

MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY 

The Medical Technology curriculum is organized around an academic back- 
ground of basic science courses in addition to those liberal arts courses listed 
as requirements for the bachelor of arts degree. Preparation at Lycoming for 
a career in medical technology may be made in either of two ways: the 
attainment of the B.A. followed by a clinical internship at any accredited 
hospital, or by completion of the Lycoming Cooperative Program. 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES / 49 



A student electing to follow the Cooperative Program in Medical Technology will 
normally spend three years at Lycoming. During this time the student must 
satisfy the general college distribution requirements, major and ASCP (Ameri- 
can Society Clinical Pathologists) requirements and must successfully com- 
plete twenty-four unit courses. The ASCP currently requires four courses in 
chemistry (one of which must be either organic or biochemistry), four courses 
in biology (one of which must be microbiology) and a course in mathematics. 
Three-year students usually major in biology, where they are allowed to follow 
a modified major of six unit courses which exempts them from two biology core 
courses, Ecology (Biology 24) and either, but not both, Animal Physiology 
(Biology 23) or Cell Physiology (Biology 20). Also required as part of the 
Cooperative Program is the successful completion of a one-year internship at 
an ASCP accredited hospital. Lycoming College is currently affiliated with the 
following accredited institutions: Williamsport Hospital, Divine Providence 
Hospital, Robert Packer Hospital, Lancaster General Hospital, and Abington 
Hospital. Three-year students will be given Lycoming credit for each of eight 
unit courses in biology and chemistry taken during the clinical internship. 
Lycoming does not consider the Registry examination a requirement for 
graduation. 

A student graduating from Lycoming College before entering a one-year 
hospital internship must satisfy all college, major and ASCP requirements and 
is not eligible for any course exemptions mentioned above. Once graduated 
from Lycoming, the student may apply for admission to a clinical program at 
any hospital. 

Those interested in a medical technology career should contact members of the 
Medical Technology Advisory Committee or the chairman of the Biology 
Department before finalizing course decisions. 

MILITARY SCIENCE 

Military Science is a four-year course divided into a basic course given during 
the Freshman and Sophomore years and an advance course given during the 
Junior and Senior years. There is also a special program available to selected 
students who were unable to take the basic course which permits them to enroll 
in the advanced course after completing a basic summer camp between the 
Sophomore and Junior years. Students attending the basic summer camp are 
paid at a rate equivalent to one-half of the basic pay for a Second Lieutenant 
with under two years of service and they also receive subsistence, housing, 
uniforms and medical care at government expense. Transportation to and from 
summer camp is also furnished at government expense. 

Students enrolled in the advanced course of Military Science receive a monthly 
subsistence pay of $100 a month, not to exceed 10 months a year. To 
successfully complete the advanced course, students must attend an ad- 
vanced summer camp between their Junior and Senior years. While at summer 
camp, they are also paid at a rate equivalent to one-half of the basic pay for 
a Second Lieutenant with under two years of service and they also receive the 
same benefits mentioned above at government expense. 

Students successfully completing the advanced course of Military Science will 
qualify for a commission as a Second Lieutenant in the United States Army upon 
graduation and will incur a service obligation in the active Army or Army 



50 1 CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 



Reserves. Active duty requirements will vary with the type ot commission 
accepted. 

All books, unitorms, and other military equipment necessary tor instruction in 
the Military Science Department are furnished without expense to the student 
other than the deposit referred to under "Required Deposits." 

PLANETARIUM EDUCATION 

A unique feature of the major in astronomy at Lycoming is that it has been 
specifically designed to train students in planetarium operation. The sequence 
of courses in astronomy and physics provides the breadth of knowledge that 
a planetarium educator needs. In addition, students gain practical experience 
by serving as lecturers in the College's Detwiler Planetarium. Entering the field 
of planetarium education is a way for students who are interested in astronomy 
but who do not plan to go on to graduate school, to establish professional 
contacts with the community of research astronomers. 

Students in other majors (particularly those who are planning on careers in 
teaching) may wish to acquire some experience in planetarium operation. They 
can do so by taking the two courses, Principles of Astronomy (Astronomy and 
Physics 11) and Planetarium Techniques (Astronomy and Physics 30). 

For more information, please contact the Department of Astronomy and Physics. 

RELIGIOUS EDUCATION 

If you desire extensive study in biblical history and literature, the historical 
development of Christianity, and Christian Doctrine, you may major in religion. 
If you plan to enter the vocation of religious education, you should, besides 
majoring in religion, elect five or six unit courses in psychology, education, and 
sociology. This program of study, completely within the liberal arts curriculum, 
will qualify you for work as an Educational Assistant, or after graduate study in 
a theological seminary, as a Director of Religious Education. You are invited to 
contact the Religion Department Chairman for further information on the 
opportunities, responsibilities, and requirements of these and other church 
vocations. 

TEACHER EDUCATION 

Lycoming prepares teachers for elementary and secondary schools. The 
programs are approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Education for the 
certification of elementary teachers and for secondary teachers in the following 
areas: biology, chemistry, English, French, general science, German, 
mathematics, physics, Russian, social science, and Spanish. Pennsylvania 
certificates are recognized in many other states either through reciprocal 
agreements or by transcript evaluation. 

The excellent facilities of the public schools in Williamsport and the surrounding 
areas are used by education students for observation, participation ex- 
periences, and practice teaching. 

Lycoming feels that the best preparation for future teachers is based on the 
liberal arts. Therefore, all education students complete a liberal arts major in 
addition to the education requirements. 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES / 51 



Normally, freshmen are not admitted to education courses. All applicants for 
admission to the Teacher Education Program must register with the Education 
Office no later than registration for the first semester of the sophomore year. The 
Committee on Teacher Education evaluates those accepted, at various 
junctures in their education program, using such guidelines as grade point 
average, potential, course requirements, and recommendations. 

Application for practice teaching must be made before October 1 st of the junior 
year. Admission to the professional semester is limited and selective. Final 
approval for student participation in the professional semester is granted by the 
Teacher Education Committee. 



COOPERATIVE PROGRAM IN DRAMA 

The American Academy of Dramatic Arts and Lycoming each recognize 
appropriate courses given by the other institution. Normally, in the case of the 
transfer student who is a graduate of the American Academy of Dramatic Arts 
and recommended by them and who has completed two years successful study 
at an accredited college or university, the residency requirement is two 
summers with The Arena Theatre and two consecutive semesters in an 
academic year. Summer session course work may be required. Each case is 
subject to review. The affiliation with the Academy permits a graduating 
Lycoming senior to be eligible for advanced standing at the Academy upon 
recommendation of the Lycoming College theatre department chairman and 
acceptance by the Academy. For information contact the theatre department 
chairman. 



COOPERATIVE PROGRAM IN ENGINEERING 

In cooperation with Bucknell University and The Pennsylvania State University, 
Lycoming College, through its Department of Astronomy and Physics, offers a 
five-year program in engineering in which the first three years are spent at 
Lycoming and the final two at the engineering school. This combines the many 
advantages of a liberal arts education at a small college with the technical 
training of an engineering school. 

If the first year of work at the engineering school is satisfactory, Lycoming will 
award the bachelor of arts degree. Upon completion of the full five-year 
program, the engineering school will award a bachelor of science in engineer- 
ing. The following engineering specialties may be studied: chemical, civil, 
electrical, and mechanical engineering at Bucknell University, and aero- 
nautical, civil, electrical, industrial, mechanical, and sanitary engineering at The 
Pennsylvania State University. 

At Lycoming, a student completes the college distribution requirements and 
takes courses in physics, mathematics and chemistry. To be certain of taking 
all the necessary courses during his three years at Lycoming, it is imperative 
that any student interested in this program consult with a faculty member of the 
Department of Astronomy and Physics as early as possible — preferably during 
the summer orientation session and certainly not later than the first week of the 
student's first semester at Lycoming. 



52/ CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 



COOPERATIVE PROGRAM IN FORESTRY 

Professional and scientific programs of study in forestry for men and women are 
offered in cooperation with the School of Forestry, Duke University. You will 
spend three years in residence at Lycoming and an additional five semesters 
at Duke. Upon satisfactory completion of two semesters at Duke you will have 
earned the A.B. degree from Lycoming, and upon completing the remainder of 
the program will be awarded either the M.F. or M.S. degree from Duke, 
depending upon the nature of the program. 

You should indicate to the Admissions Office that you wish to enroll in the 
Forestry program. At the end of the first term of the third year, Lycoming 
recommends qualified students for admission to the Duke School of Forestry. 
No application need be made to the School of Forestry before then. 

Major fields of forestry at Duke are: 

FOREST RESOURCE ADMINISTRATION FOREST SCIENCE 

Forest Resource Management Forest Ecology 

Forestry Business Management Forest Entomology 

Forest Protection Forest Pathology 

Forest Resource Economics and Policy Tree Physiology 

Biometry & Statistics Tree Biochemistry 

Systems Analysis Dendrology & Wood Anatomy 

Forest Hydrology 
Forest Meteorology 
Forest Soils 

If you are interested in Forest Resource Administration you are advised to elect 
a concentration in biology, business management, mathematics, economics, 
computer science, statistics, or sociology. If you plan a career in Forest Science, 
you should strengthen your backgrounds in biology, chemistry, mathematics, 
and physics. Typical programs in fields offered at Duke are available upon 
request from the Dean of the School of Forestry, Duke University, Durham, North 
Carolina 27706. More information is available from the biology department. 



PREPARATION FOR GRADUATE STUDY 

Many careers today require advanced study beyond the bachelor of arts 
degree. In general, preparation for graduate work in one of the academic 
disciplines should include a broad base of liberal studies, a strong under- 
graduate major, and adequate supporting work in closely related fields. You can 
design an individual major to meet the needs of some of the newer graduate 
level interdisciplinary programs. Often graduate departments ask that a 
prospective student's competence be measured by the national Graduate 
Record Examinations. They usually require a reading knowledge of one or two 
foreign languages. You should consult departmental advisors early in your 
college years with respect to planning for entrance to graduate school. 

PREPARATION FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONS 

The curriculum for the pre-Health Professions (allopathic medicine, dental 
medicine, optometric medicine, osteopathic medicine, podiatric medicine, and 



CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 153 



veterinary medicine) are all organized around a solid foundation in biology, 
chemistry, English, mathematics, and physics. A wide range of subject matter 
from the humanities, social sciences, and fine arts should be included in the 
program. At least three years of undergraduate study is recommended before 
entry into the professional school; the normal procedure is to complete the 
bachelor of arts degree. 

You should indicate to the Admissions Office, when completing the application 
to Lycoming College, that you wish to enroll in the pre-Health Professions 
(various fields of medicine) program. The Health Professions Advisory Commit- 
tee (HPAC) will advise you concerning preparation for and application to a 
health professional school. 

PREPARATION FOR LAW SCHOOL 

Lycoming offers a strong academic preparation for students interested in law 
as a profession. Admission to law school is not predicated upon a particular 
major or area of study; rather, a student is encouraged to design a course of 
study (traditional or interdisciplinary major) which is of personal interest and 
significance to the student. Yet, while no specific major is recommended, there 
are certain skills which are of particular relevance to the pre-law student and 
these should be developed during the undergraduate years: clear writing, 
analytical thinking and language comprehension. 

Students who are pursuing law as a career should register with the Legal 
Professions Advisory Committee (LPAC) upon entering Lycoming and should 
join the Pre-Law Club on campus. LPAC assists the pre-law student through 
advisement, compilation of recommendations and dissemination of information 
and materials about law and the legal profession. Among its activities, LPAC 
sponsors Pre-LSAT Workshops to help prepare students for the Law Boards and 
an annual Pre-Law Night which brings to campus admission deans, law 
students and practicing lawyers. The Pre-Law Club is an organization for 
students with a common interest in the law. In the past, the Club has sponsored 
films, speakers and field trips, including one to the United States Supreme 
Court. 

PREPARATION FOR THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY 

If you are a young man or woman interested in the Christian ministry or related 
vocations, you can find the pre-ministerial curriculum at Lycoming an exciting 
and challenging opportunity. Basic courses specified by the American Associa- 
tion of Theological Schools are virtually identical with the program of courses 
required for a bachelor of arts degree. Such courses offer a wide range of 
subject matter presenting many opportunities for you as a pre-ministerial 
student to acquaint yourself with the broad scope of human experience. 
Preparation for seminary includes earning a bachelor of arts degree with a major 
in one of a variety of fields such as religion, English, history, and philosophy. 
So that you may have a curriculum designed to fit your individual needs, the 
offerings in the junior and senior year are largely elective. The choice of electives 
will depend upon the requirements of the theological school which you expect 
to attend. If you are interested, contact the chairman of the religion department. 




gL a*** 






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ACADEMIC PROGRAM 



Lycoming College is a liberal arts institution granting the bachelor of arts 
degree. A degree candidate must fulfill certain minimal course requirements in 
breadth of learning — the distribution requirements — and in depth of learning in 
a chosen subject matter field — the major. 

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS 

Every degree candidate must complete the following degree requirements: 

1 . Pass a minimum of 1 28 semester hours with an average of 2.0 or better within 
the limit of 152 hours taken. Withdrawals will be counted in the total number 
of semester hours permitted, except in the case of withdrawals for medical 
or psychological reasons. 

2. Complete a major consisting of at least eight (8) courses. 

3. Achieve an average of 2.0 or better for all courses counted in the major.* 

4. Complete the Distribution Requirements. 

5. Complete the final eight courses offered for the degree at Lycoming. 

6. Earn one year of credit in Physical Education.** 

7. Satisfy all financial obligations incurred at the College. 

8. Complete the above seven requirements within seven years of continuous 
enrollment following the date of matriculation. All exemptions or waivers of 
specific requirements are reviewed by the Committee on Academic Stand- 
ing. 

*This 2.0 average or better must be attained in those courses stipulated as comprising the major. 
This requirement is not met by averaging the grades for all courses completed in the major 
department. 

"Exemption, for medical reasons, from participation in physical activity associated with physical 
education may be granted only by the College Physician who considers your medical history, your 
physician's report, and his own physical examination of you. 

COURSE WORK 

Instruction at Lycoming College is organized, with few exceptions, on a 
departmental basis. Nearly all courses are unit courses, meaning that each 
course taken by you is considered to carry the same academic value as any 
other course. For transfer purposes each course is considered to be equivalent 
to four semester hours of academic work. Each course meets on a schedule 
set by the department and the instructor involved. Such meetings may be on 
a lecture, discussion, laboratory, or tutorial basis. Varying amounts of additional 
study, reading, writing, and research will be required for each course. Most 
students elect four courses each semester. Students may elect to enroll in five 
(5) courses during any semester provided they were admitted to the Dean's List 
during the preceding semester while carrying at least four courses. Exceptions 
may be made by the Committee on Academic Standing. You can accelerate 
by taking courses in the May Term and summer sessions. 

55 



56 1 ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



MAJORS 

You are required to complete a series of courses in a field of concentration. This 
is accomplished by completing one of the following type of majors: 

Departmental Major, Established Interdisciplinary Major, or 
Individual Interdisciplinary Major. 

DEPARTMENTAL MAJORS 

Departmental majors, as described beginning on page 70, are available in: 



Accounting 






History 


Art 






Mathematics 


Astronomy 






Music 


Biology 






Philosophy 


Business Administration 






Physics 


Chemistry 






Political Science 


Economics 






Psychology 


English 






Religion 


Foreign Languages 






Sociology and Anthropology 


French 


Russi 


an 


Theatre 


German 


Span 


ish 





You may complete two majors; each will be recorded on your record. 

ESTABLISHED INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJOR (EIM) 

An Established Interdisciplinary Major (EIM) can be elected instead of a 
departmental major. Two or more departments work together to establish an 
EIM which must be approved by the Committee on Special Studies. The 
following ElM's, as described beginning on page 64 are available: 

Accounting-Mathematics Literature 

American Studies Near East Culture and Archeology 

Criminal Justice Soviet Area Studies 
International Studies 



INDIVIDUAL INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJOR (MM) 

You may take the initiative and design a unique Individual Interdisciplinary Major 
(MM) in consultation with your faculty advisor. You may apply for approval of an 
MM to the Committee on Special Studies via the Registrar, who will provide a 
copy of the Guidelines For Interdisciplinary Majors and other necessary forms. 

Individual Interdisciplinary Majors usually involve two or more departments 
which each already offer a major. An IIM is normally comprised of a minimum 
of ten courses beyond those satisfying distribution requirements. If the IIM 
involves departments not included in meeting the distribution requirements, 
then the ten courses may include elementary courses usually used to satisfy 
distribution requirements. However, you are expected to take at least six 
courses at the advanced (junior or senior) level as determined in consultation 
with your advisors. Changes in this set of courses comprising the major, which 
may be desired or needed as you progress, must be authorized by the 
Committee on Special Studies. 



58 1 ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



As an IIM student, you are advised by a committee composed of one professor 
from each department involved. You choose the chairman who functions as your 
advisor. The Committee on Special Studies must certify the successful 
completion of the IIM for graduation. 

Your transcript will show: 

Interdisciplinary Major in (Departments), for example: 

Interdisciplinary Major in Urban Studies (History, Psychology, Sociology). 

POLICY ON ADMISSION TO MAJOR 

If you desire an established interdisciplinary major (EIM) or departmental major 
(DM), you must declare your elected major, in the Office of the Registrar, no later 
than the beginning of your junior year. 

If you desire an individual interdisciplinary major (IIM), you must apply to and 
secure the approval of the Committee on Special Studies in conformity with 
established policy. 

If the Committee on Special Studies, the Coordinating Committee for an EIM, 
or a department feels that legitimate reasons exist which may warrant removal 
from major status, that committee or department must submit these reasons, in 
writing, to the Dean of the College who, after consultation with you, will decide 
whether or not you are to be removed from major status. The Committee on 
Special Studies, the Coordinating Committee for an EIM, the department, or you 
may appeal the decision of the Dean of the College to the Committee on 
Academic Standing which will either sustain or modify the decision of the Dean 
of the College. 

If you have not declared a major by the beginning of your junior year, you are 
subject to dismissal from the College. 



ACADEMIC ADVISEMENT 

An advantage of a small college is the rich experience gained by the close 
association of students and faculty. The counseling program at Lycoming 
enables you to discuss various academic problems with your faculty advisor, 
your instructors, and the staffs of the Dean of the College and the Dean of 
Student Services. 

As an entering Freshman, you are assigned to a faculty advisor who meets with 
you as needed during the year. You will find your advisor willing to guide and 
assist in the many problems that confront a new college student. If, as an 
upperclass student, you do not feel the need for a formally assigned advisor, 
you may assume the responsibility for meeting your degree requirements. 



THE DISTRIBUTION REQUIREMENTS 

One of the reasons a student chooses to come to Lycoming is a desire to obtain 
a breadth of knowledge in many areas, a liberal arts education. A student who 
deliberately elects to attend a liberal arts college is interested in more than 
training in a narrow major; he wants knowledge in an area of special interest, 
his major, amplified by exploration into kindred and "unrelated" fields. 



ACADEMIC PROGRAMS / 59 



Lycoming College, being a liberal arts institution, insists that a major program 
ot study be supported and challenged by the influences of a diversity of 
subjects. The major must not become narrow in its vision and sterile in its ability 
to help you function effectively in a world where nothing is neatly isolated and 
compartmentalized. The College believes that the essence of liberal education 
is its potential for exposing you to the multitude of historical, traditional, and 
contemporary avenues of thought and action which are brought to light in 
different ways through the study of various disciplines. 

By taking different kinds of subjects, you can discover numerous ways of seeing 
things. You can gain the advantage of learning to view events and approach 
problems and questions from various points of view. You can discover that the 
interpretation of events and the relevance of solutions and answers will vary 
greatly for different individuals and groups. 

To have you achieve at least a minimal insight into this multiplicity of 
perspective, thought, and reaction, Lycoming requires that you select some of 
your courses from the six groups outlined below. The aim is not the garnering 
of specific, prescribed information, but rather, the development of a broadly 
based perspective of all aspects of life. 

The distribution requirements in English, Mathematics, Fine Arts, Natural 
Science, and History and Social Science may be met by superior performance 
on the General Examinations of the College Level Examination Program (CLEP). 
Further information about CLEP may be obtained from the Office of the 
Registrar. 

ENGLISH 

You are required to pass English I and one other English course. English I must 
be taken during the Freshman year. By passing the CLEP General Examination 
you may be exempted from English I. This examination is offered during 
Freshman Orientation. 



FOREIGN LANGUAGE OR MATHEMATICS 

You are required to meet a minimum basic requirement in either a foreign 
language or mathematics. 

Mathematics. If you elect mathematics, you must complete four courses in 
mathematics. By passing the CLEP General Examination you may reduce this 
requirement to two courses other than Math I. This examination is offered during 
the Freshman Orientation. 

Foreign Language. If you elect to take a foreign language, you may choose from 
among French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Russian, or Spanish. You are required 
to pass two courses on the intermediate or a higher course level. Placement at 
the appropriate course level will be determined by the faculty of the department 
of foreign languages and literatures. No student who has had two or more years 
of a given language in high school shall be admitted to the elementary course 
in the same foreign language for credit, except by written permission from the 
chairman of the department. French 28 will meet part of this requirement only 
upon consent of the department. 



60 1 ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



RELIGION OR PHILOSOPHY 

You are required to pass one year (two courses in the same subject) in either 
philosophy or religion. 

Philosophy. You may take any two philosophy courses. 
Religion. You may take any two religion courses. 

FINE ARTS 

You are required to pass one year (two courses) in one of the following: 

Art. You may take any two art courses. 

Literature. You may take any two literature courses selected from the offerings 
of the departments of English and Foreign Languages and Literatures. 

Music. Any combination of music courses totaling the equivalent of eight 
semester hours will satisfy this requirement. You can earn the equivalent of eight 
semester hours in Music in one of the following ways: 

1 . Take two academic courses from those numbered Music 1 through 59 and 
Music 70's. 

2. Take a total of eight semester hours of applied music, from courses 
numbered Music 60 through 69, which are earned fractionally as follows: 

A. !/2 semester hour of credit for each half-hour of instruction per week in 
courses numbered 60 through 66. 

B. 1 semester hour of credit per semester for each hour of instruction per 
week in courses numbered 60 through 66. 

C. 1 semester hour of credit per semester for Music 67, 68, or 69. 

3. Take one academic course (Music 1 through 59 and Music 70's) plus the 
equivalent of four semester hours earned fractionally in applied music 
courses 60 through 69 as explained in "2" above. 

Theatre. Any two theatre courses 10 and above will satisfy this requirement. 

NATURAL SCIENCE 

You are required to pass one year (any two courses) in one of the following: 
astronomy, biology, chemistry, or physics. 

HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE 

You are required to pass one year (two courses) in one of the following: 

Economics. You may take any two courses. 

History. You may take any two courses. 

Political Science. You may take any two courses. 

Psychology. You may take Psychology 10 plus one course usually chosen from 

among Psychology 15, 16, 30, 31, 32, or 38. 

Sociology and Anthropology. You may take Sociology 10 plus another course. 

NOTE: A course can be used to satisfy only one distribution requirement. 



ACADEMIC PROGRAMS / 61 



GRADING SYSTEM 

The College uses the traditional letter system of grading: A B C D F or 
Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory. Any student enrolled full-time at Lycoming College 
may elect to take up to a maximum of four courses on a Satisfactory/ 
Unsatisfactory basis. Only one course may be taken on this basis during any 
semester. No course taken on an S/U basis after the declaration of the major 
and approval by the department involved may be used to satisfy a requirement 
of that major, including courses required by the major department which are 
offered by other departments.. Instructor-designated S/U courses are excepted 
from this limitation. 

During the May Term, instructors, with the approval of the Dean of the College 
may designate courses to be taken on an S/U basis only. These courses will 
not count toward the four-course limit. A course selected on a S/U basis which 
is subsequently withdrawn will not count toward the four-course limit. 

Any student electing a course on an S/U basis may designate a minimum 
acceptable letter grade of 'A', 'B', or 'C. If the letter grade actually earned by 
the student equals or exceeds the minimum acceptable letter designated by 
the student, then the letter grade actually earned in the course will be entered 
on the student's permanent record and will be used in computing the student's 
GPA. In this case the course will not count toward the four-course limit since 
it was not completed on an S/U basis. If the student fails to designate a minimum 
acceptable letter grade or if the letter grade actually earned is lower than the 
minimum acceptable letter grade designated by the student, then the Registrar 
will substitute an 'S' for any passing grade ('A', 'B'.'C or 'D') and a 'U' for an 'F 
grade. 

The student shall declare by the end of the period during which courses may 
be added an intention to be graded on an S/U basis. At the same time, and 
except for instructor designated S/U courses, the student will indicate a 
minimum acceptable letter grade. The instructor will not be notified of these 
decisions, unless the student chooses to do so. A student electing the S/U 
option shall be expected to perform the same work in the course as those being 
graded on the regular basis. 



62/ ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



You will receive full credit for a course passed with a Satisfactory grade. Neither 
the "S" nor the "U" count in computing the grade point average. 

Incomplete grades may be given if you, for absolutely unavoidable reasons, 
have not been able to complete the work requisite to the course. Such 
circumstances usually stem from medical sources. An incomplete grade must 
be removed within six (6) weeks of the next regular semester. 

MID-SEMESTER EVALUATIONS FOR FRESHMEN 

Mid-Semester evaluations are reported for freshman students whose work is 
unsatisfactory. These reports are filed with the Registrar who then reports them 
to the students concerned and their faculty advisors. The evaluation report from 
the instructor may be one of two types: (a) submission of letter grade of "D" or 
"F"(b) submission of a written evaluation for those freshmen who are performing 
below the satisfactory level. 

ACADEMIC HONESTY 

The integrity of the academic process of the College requires honesty in all 
phases of the instructional program. The College assumes that students are 
committed to the principle of academic honesty. Students who fail to honor this 
commitment are subject to dismissal from Lycoming . Procedural guidelines and 
rules for the adjudication of cases of academic dishonesty are printed in the 
Faculty Handbook and Pathfinder available to students in the library. 

ACADEMIC HONORS 

The Dean's List is issued at the close of each semester in recognition of superior 
scholarship. Students are admitted to the Dean's List when they have 
completed at least three courses with otherthan S/U and have a minimum grade 
point average of 3.50 for the semester. 

You may be awarded the bachelor of arts degree with honors when you have 
earned the following grades: 

Bachelor of Arts, summa cum laude — a 3.90 grade point average. 
Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude — a 3.50 grade point average. 
Bachelor of Arts, cum laude — a 3.25 grade point average. 

High quality scholarship is also recognized by completion of a departmental 
honors program and by election of students to membership in Honor Societies. 

ACADEMIC STANDING 

A student whose cumulative or semester average falls below "C" is considered 
to be in academic difficulty and his academic record will be reviewed by the 
Committee on Academic Standing. Such students may be placed on academic 
probation, suspended, or dismissed by the Committee on Academic Standing 
according to regulations established by the Faculty. 

CLASS ATTENDANCE 

The academic program at Lycoming is based upon the assumption that there 
is value in class attendance for all students. Individual instructors have the 



ACADEMIC PROGRAMS/ 63 



prerogative of establishing reasonable absence regulations in any course. You 
are responsible for learning and observing these regulations. 

STUDENT RECORDS 

The policy regarding student educational records is designed to protect the 
privacy of students against unwarranted intrusions, and is consistent with 
Section 438 of the General Education Provision Act (commonly known as the 
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, as amended). The details 
of the College's policy on student records and the procedure for gaining access 
to student records is contained in the current issue of the Pathfinder. 

WITHDRAWING FROM COURSES 

You may drop any course during the first fifteen days of classes and no record 
of such enrollment shall be made on your permanent record card. You may also 
add any course during the first fifteen days of classes, subject to the approval 
of the instructor. If you wish to drop a course between the fifteenth day and the 
twelfth week of classes you must secure a withdrawal form from the Office of 
the Registrar. You must present this form to the instructor of the course in 
question who will then assign one of the following grades: 

W — Progress at the time of withdrawal cannot be determined. 
WP — Progress at the time of withdrawal is satisfactory. 
WF — Progress at the time of withdrawal is unsatisfactory. 

This grade is then entered on your permanent record card. No withdrawal grade 
is counted in the computation of the grade point average, but the number of 
semester hours from which you withdraw is counted toward the total of 152 
semester hours to which you are limited in completing your degree require- 
ments at Lycoming. Students may not withdraw from courses after the twelfth 
week of the semester. 







INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS 

ESTABLISHED INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS (EIM) 

ACCOUNTING— MATHEMATICS 

Coordinator — Assistant Professor Mahon 

The Accounting-Mathematics Interdisciplinary Major is designed to offer, within 
a liberal arts framework, courses which will aid you in constructing mathematical 
models for business decision making. You will obtain a substantial back- 
ground in mathematics and a working knowledge in accounting. 

Majors will be only four courses short of a math major and three courses short 
of an accounting major. Required accounting courses are: Elementary, 
Intermediate, Cost and Budgetary Accounting Theory. In Mathematics they are: 
Analytic Geometry and Calculus I, II, and III; and Linear Algebra; plus two 
courses from Differential Equations, Introduction to Numerical Analysis, and 
Mathematic Statistics I and II. Business courses required are Legal Principles 
I and II. Recommended courses include: Computer Science, Introduction to 
Statistics, Financial Management, Quantitative Business Analysis, Insurance, 
Principles of Economics, Industrial Psychology, Social Psychology, and In- 
troduction to Sociology. 

AMERICAN STUDIES 

Coordinator — Associate Professor Piper 

The American Studies major offers a comprehensive program in American 
civilization which introduces you to the complexities underlying the develop- 
ment of America and its contemporary life. The thirteen major courses you will 
complete include: 

FOUR CORE COURSES — The primary integrating units of the major, these 
team-taught courses will teach you how to think of ideas from different points 
of view and how to correlate information and methods from various disciplines: 

America As a Civilization (First semester of major study) 
American Studies — Research and Methodology (Second semester) 
American Tradition in the Arts and Literature (Third semester) 
Internship or Independent Study (Junior and/or senior year) 

CONCENTRATION AREAS — Six courses in one option and three in the other 
are needed. Your six primary Concentration Option courses in American Arts 
or American Society build around the insights you gain in the Core Courses. 
They focus particular attention on areas most germane to your academic and 
vocational interests. The three additional courses from the other option give 
further breadth to your understanding of America. You also will be encouraged 
to take elective courses relating to other cultures. 

American Arts Concentration Option 

American Art —Art 24 

American Art of the 20th Century —Art 32 

19th Century American Literature —English 26 

20th Century War American Literature —English 28 

American Music — Music 51 

American Theatre — Theatre 51 

64 



INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS I 65 



American Society Concentration Option 

U. S. Social and Intellectual History to 1877 —History 42 

U. S. Social and Intellectual History since 1877 —History 43 

The American Constitutional System —Political Science 30 

The American Political Tradition —Political Science 47 

American Economic Development — Economics 51 

Racial and Cultural Minorities —Sociology 34 

You should design your American Studies major in consultation with the 
program co-ordinator or a member of the American Studies committee. 



CRIMINAL JUSTICE 

Coordinator — Instructor Strauser 

This major is designed to acquaint students with the American criminal justice 
system and to provide an understanding of the social, psychological, 
philosophical, and political contexts within which the system of criminal justice 
functions. Its aim isto develop students' intellectual and scientific skills in raising 
and attempting to answer important questions about the system of justice and 
its place in society. The program offers opportunity for intern experience in the 
field and prepares for careers in the areas of law enforcement, probation and 
parole, prisons, and treatment services. 

The major has two tracks. Track I prepares for careers in Law Enforcement. 
Track II prepares for careers in Corrections. 

Track I — Law Enforcement. The major consists of ten courses, distributed as 
follows: 

A. Professional courses in criminal justice (three courses) 

Introduction to the Criminal Justice System (Sociology and Anthropology 

15) 

Introduction to Law Enforcement (Sociology and Anthropology 23) 

The American Prison System (Sociology and Anthropology 39) 

B. Courses in the social, psychological, philosophical, and political context 
of the justice system (seven courses) 

Criminology (Sociology and Anthropology 30) and either Juvenile Delin- 
quency (Sociology and Anthropology 21 ) or Racial and Cultural Minorities 
(Sociology and Anthropology 34) (two courses) 

Abnormal Psychology (Psychology 16) (one course) 

America as a Civilization (American Studies 10), Afro-American History 
(History 28), or United States Social and Intellectual History Since 1877 
(History 43) (one course) 

Law and Society (Political Science 35) and Civil Rights and Liberties 
(Political Science 31) (two courses) 

Social and Political Philosophy (Philosophy 22) (one course) 

C. Internship or practicum in law enforcement. (Recommended but not 
required for the major) 



66 1 INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS 

Track II — Corrections. The major consists of ten courses, distributed as follows: 

A. Professional courses in criminal justice (three courses) 

Introduction to the Criminal Justice System (Sociology and Anthropology 

15) 

The American Prison System (Sociology and Anthropology 39) 

Introduction to Social Work (Sociology and Anthropology 42) 

B. Courses in the social, psychological, philosophical, and political context 
of the justice system (seven courses) 

Criminology (Sociology and Anthropology 30) and either Juvenile Delin- 
quency (Sociology and Anthropology 21 ) or Racial and Cultural Minorities 
(Sociology and Anthropology 34) (two courses) 

Abnormal Psychology (Psychology 16) (one course) 

America as a Civilization (American Studies 10), Afro-American History 
(History 28), or United States Social and Intellectual History Since 1877 
(History 43) (one course) 

Law and Society (Political Science 35) and Civil Rights and Liberties 
(Political Science 31) (two courses) 

Social and Political Philosophy (Philosophy 22) (one course) 

C. Internship or practicum in corrections. (Recommended but not required 
for the major) Prerequisites: Mathematics 13, Psychology 21, and 
Psychology 39. These prerequisites may be waived in certain cases by 
the Coordinating Committee. 

Majors should seek advice concerning course selection from members of the 
coordinating committee and should note course prerequisites in planning their 
programs. 



INTERNATIONAL STUDIES 

Coordinator: Assistant Professor Larson 

This major in International Studies is designed to integrate an understanding of 
the changing social, political, and historical environment of Europe today with 
study of Europe in its relations to the rest of the world, particularly the United 
States. It stresses the international relations of the North Atlantic Community and 
offers the student opportunity to emphasize either European studies or 
international relations. The program provides multiple perspectives on the 
cultural traits that shape popular attitudes and institutions. Study of a single 
country is included as a data-base for comparisons, and study of its language 
as a basis for direct communication with its people. 

The program is intended to prepare a student either for graduate study or for 
careers which have an international component. International obligations are 
increasingly assumed by governmental agencies and a wide range of business, 
social, religious, and educational organizations. Opportunities are found in the 
fields of journalism, publishing, communications, trade, banking, advertising, 
management, and tourism. The program also offers flexible career preparation 
in a variety of essential skills such as analysis of data, drawing conclusions, 



INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS I 67 



research, report writing, language skills, and the awarenesses necessary for 
dealing with people and institutions of another culture. Preparation for related 
careers can be obtained through the guided selection of courses outside the 
major in the areas of Business, Economics, Foreign Languages and Literatures, 
Government, History, and International Relations; or through a second major. 
Students should design their programs in consultation with members of the 
committee on International Studies and other departments. 

By completing 6-8 additional courses in the social sciences (which include 
those courses needed to complete a major in Economics, History or Political 
Science) and the required program in Education, students can be certified for 
the teacher education program in Social Studies. By completing a major in the 
foreign language (5 more courses) and the Education program, students can 
be certified to teach that language. The International Studies program also 
encourages participation in study abroad programs, as well as the Washington 
International Semester, and the United Nations Semester. 

The major includes eleven courses selected as follows: 

International Relations Courses — Four or two courses (if two, then four must be taken from Area 
Courses). Courses within this group are designed to provide a basic understanding of the international 
system and of Europe's relations with the rest of the world. Political Science 25 is required. 

Political Science 25 World Politics 

Economics 43 International Trade 

History 34 European Diplomatic History 

Political Science 43 International Organization 

Area Courses — Four or two courses (if two, then four must be taken from International Relations 
Courses). Courses within this group are designed to provide a basic understanding of the European 
political, social, and economic environment. History 11 and Economics 22 are required. 

History 11 Europe 1815-Present 

Economics 22 Economic Systems of the West 

Political Science 20 European Politics 

History 23 20th Century Europe to 1929 

History 24 20th Century Europe Since 1929 

National Courses 

Language — Two courses in one language: 

French 20, plus one course numbered 23 or above (except 28) 
German 20, plus one course numbered 31 or above 
Spanish 20, plus one course numbered 31 or above 

Country — One course. The student must select, according to his or her language preparation, one 
European country which will serve as a special interest area throughout the program. The country 
selected will serve as the base for individual projects in the major courses, wherever possible 

France — French 28 Modern France 

Germany — History 80 Topics in German History 

Spain — Spanish 28 Contemporary Hispanic Life 

Elective Course — One course which should involve further study of some aspect of the program. 
Appropriate courses are any Area or International Relations Courses not yet taken. History 10, 32, 
33*; Economics 23, 45; Political Science 37, 38, 39, 46, related foreign literature courses counting 
toward the Fine Arts requirement, and internships 

49 SENIOR SEMINAR 

A one-semester seminar, taken in the senior year, in which students and several faculty members 
will pursue an integrative topic in the field of International Studies. Students will work to some 
extent independently. Guest speakers will be invited. The seminar will be open to qualified 
persons from outside the maior and the college. Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor. 



68 1 INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS 

LITERATURE 

Coordinator — Associate Professor Maples 

This major recognizes literature as a distinct discipline beyond national 
boundaries and combines the study of any two literatures in the areas of English, 
French, German, Russian, and Spanish. You can thus explore two literatures 
widely and intensively at the upper levels of course offerings within each of the 
respective departments while developing and applying skills in foreign lan- 
guages. The major prepares you for graduate study in either of the two 
literatures studied or in Comparative Literature. 

The major requires at least six literature courses, equally divided between the 
two literatures concerned. The six must be at the advanced level as determined 
in consultation with advisors (normally courses numbered 20 and above in 
English and 40 and above in Foreign Languages). In general, two of the 
advanced courses in each literature should be period courses. The third course, 
taken either as a regular course or as independent study, may have as its 
subject another period, a particular author, genre, or literary theme, or some 
other unifying approach or idea. Beyond these six, the major must include at 
least two additional courses from among those counting toward a major in the 
departments involved. Any prerequisite courses in the respective departments 
(for example, French 23, German 33, 34,) should be taken during the Freshman 
and Sophomore years. You should design your program in consultation with a 
faculty member from each of the literatures concerned. Programs for the major 
must be approved by the departments involved. 

NEAR EAST CULTURE AND ARCHEOLOGY 

Coordinator — Professor Guerra 

The Near East Culture and Archeology interdisciplinary major is designed to 
acquaint you with the "cradle of Western civilization", both in its ancient and 
modern aspects. Majors will complete a minimum of eight to ten courses related 
to the Near East. 

Required courses are described in their departmental sections and include: 

1. Four courses (semesters) in language and culture from: 

History and Culture of the Ancient Near East (Religion 28) 

History of Art (Art 22) 

Ancient History (History 20) 

Old Testament Faith and History (Religion 13) 

Islam and Judaism (Religion 24) 

Two semesters of foreign language (Hebrew 1, 2 or Greek 1, 2) 

2. Two courses (semesters) in archeology from: 

Bible, Archeology, and Faith (Religion 46) 

Special Archeology courses, such as "studies" or in May Term or summer 

sessions in the Near East. 

3. Two courses (semesters) in the cooperating departments (Art, History, 
Political Science, Religion, and Sociology and Anthropology) or other related 
departments. These two courses, usually taken in the junior or senior years, 
can be independent study. Topics should be related either to the ancient or 



INTERDISCIPLINARY MAJORS/ 69 



the modern Near East and must be approved in advance by the committee 
supervising the interdisciplinary program. The study of modern Arabic or 
Hebrew is encouraged. 

Other courses may be suggested by the supervisory committee but not beyond 
requiring ten courses in the major. The number of courses taken within this 
program applicable toward fulfilling the College distribution requirements will 
vary according to the selection of courses you make. 

SOVIET AREA STUDIES 

Coordinator — Assistant Professor Winston 

The Soviet Area Studies major is an interdisciplinary major designed to offer, 
within the framework of a liberal arts education, intensified study of the Soviet 
Union, communism, and related matters. The program enables you to acquire 
a broader perspective of the USSR than can generally be obtained within one 
discipline. A Cultural Tour of the USSR is normally available in the May Term 
and can be used to satisfy one of the courses needed for 4 below. 

Required courses are described in their departmental sections and include: 

1 . Six semesters of Russian language and/or literature beyond the elementary 
level. 

2. Topics in Russian and Soviet History (History 31 and 32) 

3. Two courses (semesters) of Senior Seminar on the USSR. 

4. Four courses (semesters) from: 
Comparative Economic Systems (Economics 23) 
The Soviet Political System (Political Science 36) 
Communist Strategies and Tactics (Political Science 37) 
Social and Political Philosophy (Philosophy 22) 

Under this program, up to nine courses required to satisfy the college 
distribution requirements can be completed from the above courses. 




COURSES 

Numbers 1-9 Elementary courses in departments where such courses are not 
counted as part of the student's major. 

Numbers 10-19 Freshman level 

Numbers 20-29 Sophomore level 

Numbers 30-39 Junior level 

Numbers 40-49 Senior level 

Numbers 50-59 Special Advanced Courses 

Numbers 60-69 Special Sessions Courses 

Numbers 70-79 Seminar Study 

Numbers 80-89 Independent Study 

Numbers 90-99 Independent Study for Departmental Honors 

Courses in the 50-59, 70-79, 80-89, 90-99 number series are not listed under 
each department, but are in effect for each department and represent the 
particular studies listed opposite the numbers above (that is, seminar study for 
all departments fall in the 70-79 series, etc.). 

Courses not in sequence are listed separately, as: 

Introduction to Art Art 10 

Drawing I Art 1 1 

Courses which imply a sequence are indicated with a dash between, meaning 
that the first semester must be taken prior to the second, as: 

Intermediate French French 10-11 



ACCOUNTING 

Professor: Richmond (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Mahon 

The purpose of the accounting major is to assist the student prepare for a 
personally satisfying, socially useful, and successful career within the account- 
ing profession, whether public, private or governmental, through a rigorous 
curriculum stressing pre-professional education. 

To achieve this, all majors are required to take Accounting 1 0, 20-21 , 30, 40 and 
41 . The remaining two courses of the major requirement are to be selected from 
Accounting 31 , 42, 43, 44, or Internship after consultation with and approval of 
the department in accordance with the student's professional interests and 
objectives. 

Students seeking entry into the public accounting field are advised to 
investigate the professional requirements for certification in the state in which 
they intend to practice so that they may meet all educational requirements prior 
to graduation. All majors are advised to enroll in Economics 1 and 1 1 , Business 
35, 36, and 38, Mathematics 13 and 15, and one of the following: Business 33, 
Economics 20 or 37. 

10 ELEMENTARY ACCOUNTING THEORY 

An introductory course in recording, classifying, summarizing, and interpreting the basic 
business transaction. Problems of classification and interpretation of accounts and preparation 
of financial statements are studied. An IBM computer is used to solve some of these problems. 



70 



ACCOUNTING / 71 



20-21 INTERMEDIATE ACCOUNTING THEORY 

An intensive study of accounting statements and analytical procedures with emphasis upon 
corporate accounts. Price level adjustments, partnerships, joint ventures, installments and 
consignment sales, branch and home office accounting, and the statement of affairs are among 
topics studied. Prerequisite: Accounting 10. ' 

30-31 COST AND BUDGETARY ACCOUNTING THEORY 

Methods of accounting for material, labor, and factory overhead expenses consumed in 
manufacturing using job order, process and standard costing. Application of cost accounting and 
budgeting theory to decision making in the areas of make or buy, expansion of production and 
sales, and accounting for control are dealt with. Prerequisite: Accounting 21 or consent of 
instructor. 

40 AUDITING THEORY AND PRACTICE 

The science of verifying, analyzing, and interpreting accounts and reports. An audit project is 
presented, solved and the auditor's report is written. Prerequisite: Accounting 21. 

41 FEDERAL INCOME TAX ACCOUNTING AND PLANNING 

Analysis of the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code relating to income, deductions, 
inventories, and accounting methods. Practical problems involving determination of income and 
deductions, capital gains and losses, computation and payment of taxes through withholding at 
the source and through declaration are considered. Planning transactions so that a minimum 
amount of tax will result is emphasized. Prerequisite: Accounting 10 or consent of instructor. 

42 FEDERAL INCOME TAX ADMINISTRATION AND PLANNING 

An analysis of the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code relating to partnerships, estates, trusts, 
and corporations. An extensive series of problems is considered and effective tax planning is 
emphasized. Prerequisite: Accounting 41. 

43 CONTEMPORARY ACCOUNTING PROBLEMS 

Certain areas of advanced accounting theory, including fund accounting, are covered, and 
problems are taken from past C.P.A. examinations which require a thorough knowledge of the 
core courses in their solution. The course is intended to meet the needs of those interested in 
public accounting and preparation for the Certified Public Accountants Examination. Prerequisite: 
Accounting 31 or consent of instructor. 

44 CONTROLLERSHIP 

Control process in the organization. General systems theory, financial control systems, 
centralization-decentralization, performance measurement and evaluation, forecasts and 
budgets and marketing, production and finance models for control purposes. Prerequisite: 
Accounting 31 or consent of instructor. 



AMERICAN STUDIES 

Associate Professor: Piper (Coordinator) 

The American Studies major offers a comprehensive program in American 
civilization which introduces you to the complexities underlying the develop- 
ment of America and its contemporary life. For further information refer to 
American Studies which is listed as an Interdisciplinary Major. 

10 AMERICA AS A CIVILIZATION 

An analysis of the historical, socio-cultural, economic, and political perspectives on American 
civilization with special attention to the interrelationships between these various orientations. 



72/ ART 



11 AMERICAN STUDIES — RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGY 

The study and application of various research methods, including new trends in historical study, 
quantitative analysis, cross-cultural studies, and on-site inspection. 

12 AMERICAN TRADITION IN THE ARTS AND LITERATURE 

The relationships of the arts and literature to the various historical periods of American life. 

13 INTERNSHIP OR INDEPENDENT STUDY 

An opportunity to relate the learning in the Core Courses and the Concentration Areas to an actual 
supervised off-campus learning situation or independent study project. 



ART 

Associate Professor: Shipley (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: Hughes 

Instructor: Ameigh 

Part-Time Instructor: Fetter, Putterman, Wild 

A major consists of a balanced program of history of art and studio courses. 
In addition to the core courses of the major program (Art 11, 15, or 1 6, 20, 21 , 
22, 23, 30, and 46), the student will elect two advanced courses in art history. 
Art 25 and 35, or Art 28 and 38 may be substituted for Art 20 and 30. Majors 
will be required to present their better work in a one-man show during their 
senior year. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO ART 

Presents historical and contemporary styles of architecture, sculpture, painting, and the minor 
arts; considers the roles of the elements of design and of materials and techniques in the creation 
and appreciation of works of art. 

11 DRAWING I 

Study of the human figure with gesture and proportion stressed. Student is made familiar with 
different drawing techniques and media. Some drawing from nature. Offered in alternate 
semesters with Drawing II and III. 

14 DESIGN FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

A course designed to give each student the opportunity to explore, in his own creative style, ideas, 
techniques and methods for involving children in expressive activities through the use of a wide 
range of media in the making of prints, puppets, pictorial and design projects, simple modeling, 
mosaics, plaster casting, weaving and stitchery projects, simple jewelry and gift crafts, lettering 
projects, mobiles, stabiles, and other three-dimensional designs created from scrap materials. 

15 TWO-DIMENSIONAL DESIGN 

The basic fundamentals found in the two-dimensional arts; line, shape, form, space, color, and 
composition are taught in relationship to the other two-dimensional arts. Perceptual theories and 
their relationships to what and why we see what we see in art is discussed with each problem. 

16 THREE-DIMENSIONAL DESIGN 

An introduction to the uses of form and materials. Objects will be designed whose form follows 
function, such as kites; whose form follows expressive intent, such as plaster constructions or 
movie films. 

20 PAINTING I 

An introduction of painting techniques and materials. Coordination of color, value, and design 
within the painting is taught. Some painting from the figure. No limitations as to painting media, 
subject matter or style. Prerequisite: Art 15. 

21 DRAWING II 

Continued study of the human figure. Emphasis is placed on realism and figure-ground 
coordination with the use of value and design. Prerequisite: Art 11. 



ART I 73 



22 HISTORY OF ART I 

A survey of Western architecture, sculpture, and painting. Emphasis is on the interrelation of form 
and content and on the relatedness of the visual arts to their cultural environment: Near East, 
Egypt, Greece, Rome, and Medieval Europe. 

23 HISTORY OF ART II 

A survey of Western architecture, sculpture, and painting. Emphasis is on the interrelation of form 
and content and on the relatedness of the visual arts to their cultural environment: Renaissance 
to Modern. 

24 AMERICAN ART 

The development of the arts in America from Colonial times to the Armory Show with emphasis 
on the 18th and 19th centuries: Copley, Greenough, Bulfinch, Homer, Eakins, Richardson, and 
Sloan. 

25 SCULPTURE I 

An introduction to the techniques, materials, and ideas of sculpture. Clay, plaster, wax, wood, and 
other materials will be used. The course will be concerned with ideas about sculpture as 
expression, and with giving material form to ideas. 

26 CRAFTS I 

An introduction to the various craft materials, processes, design problems, and techniques 
involved in work in such crafts as clay, wood, fiber, metal, and plastics. 

27 INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY 

Objectives of the course are to develop technical skills in the use of photographic equipment 
(cameras, films, darkroom, print maker) and to develop sensitivity in the areas of composition, 
form, light, picture quality, etc. Each student must own or have access to a 35mm roll film camera. 

28 PRINTMAKING I 

Practice of the techniques of silk-screen, wood-block, and linoleum-block printing. Prerequisite: 
Art 11 and 15. 

30 PAINTING II 

Emphasis is placed on individual style and technique. Artists and movements in art are studied. 
No limitations as to painting media, subject matter, or style. Prerequisite: Art 20. 

31 MODERN ART 

Major artists and important stylistic developments in Europe from 1880 to the present, including 
Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism, Dada, and Surrealism as well as developments in the United 
States after 1945 such as Abstract Expressionism and the painting of the sixties. 

32 AMERICAN ART OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture in the United States from 1900 to the present with emphasis 
on developments of the fifties and sixties: an inquiry into the meaning and historical roots of 
contemporary art. 

33 19th CENTURY ART 

Emphasis on painting, sculpture and architecture of Western Europe from 1760 to 1900, including 
the work of late 18th century artists David and Goya and 19th century developments from 
Romanticism to Post-Impressionism. 

34 ART OF THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture in Italy from the late 13th century to the early 16th century, 
including the work of Giotto, Ghiberti, Brunelleschi, Donatello, Masaccio, Piero della Francesca, 
Alberti, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo. 

35 SCULPTURE II 

A continuation of Art 25 or Art 16, with emphasis on independent projects and more complex 
technique. Casting of bronze and aluminum sculpture will be done in the school foundry. 
Prerequisite: Art 16 or 25. 

36 CRAFTS II 

More advanced experimentation with crafts materials, with greater emphasis upon good 
craftsmanship and aesthetic quality. Prerequisite: Art 26. 



74/ ASTRONOMY AND PHYSICS 



37 PHOTOGRAPHY II 

To extend the skills developed in Photography I by continued growth in technical expertise, 
presentation, conceptual ability, and aesthetic sensibility. Emphasis is placed upon term essay 
in area of student's interest and presented in booklet format. Prerequisite: Art 27. 

38 PRINTMAKING II 

Further exploration of silk-screen printing techniques, practice of the techniques of engraving, 
drypoint, etching, and aquatint. 

40 PAINTING III 

Professional quality is stressed. There is some experimentation with new painting techniques and 
styles. 

41 DRAWING III 

Continued study of the human figure. Individual style and professional control of drawing 
techniques and media are now emphasized. 

46 STUDIO RESEARCH 

Independent research in an elective studio area, conducted under the supervision of the 
appropriate faculty member, includes creation of works which may be incorporated in one-man 
senior exhibition. Student works in private studio assigned by the department. 



ASTRONOMY AND PHYSICS 

Professor: Fineman 

Associate Professor: W. Smith (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: Erickson 

The department offers two majors. The major in astronomy is specifically 
designed to train students in the field of planetarium education. The major in 
physics prepares students for graduate work in physics or astronomy, for the 
cooperative program in engineering, or for state certification as secondary 
school teachers of physics. 

A number of courses in this department are offered on two levels which differ 
in the degree of mathematical rigor and sophistication needed. All such courses 
have dual catalog numbers, with the letters B (basic) and A (advanced) 
appearing after the course names to indicate the level. Both the B and A level 
of a course meet together for the same three hours of lecture each week, while 
the A level meets for one additional hour each week of more advanced 
mathematical development of the material. This system is designated as the "3 
+ 1" method. No student may earn credit for both levels of a course. 

The major in astronomy requires Astronomy and Physics 11, 12, 15, 16, 30, 34, 
35, and 36; Mathematics 18 and 19 (Calculus I and II); one year of chemistry; 
and Theatre I (Fundamentals of Oral Communication). One or more of the 
following are recommended: Astronomy and Physics 3, 4, 5, 31, and 32; and 
Art 27 (Photography I). All junior and senior majors must attend and participate 
in the weekly departmental colloquia. 

The major in physics requires Astronomy and Physics 11, 12, 25, 26, 28, 29, 
44, and at least one additional course numbered between 41 and 48; 
Mathematics 18 and 19 (Calculus I and II); and one year of chemistry. In 
addition, Mathematics 20 and 21 (Calculus III and Differential Equations) are 
required for graduate school preparation and for the cooperative program in 
engineering. It is also recommended that students planning on graduate study 
in physics or astronomy take one year of a foreign language and Mathematics 



ASTRONOMY AND PHYSICS/ 75 



1 3 and 1 5 (Introduction to Statistics and Computer Science). With departmental 
consent, advanced courses may be substituted for Astronomy and Physics 1 1 
and 12. All junior and senior majors must attend and participate in the weekly 
departmental colloquia. 

3 OBSERVATIONAL ASTRONOMY 

A methods course providing the opportunity to make a variety of astronomical observations, both 
visually and photographically, with and without telescopes. The planetarium is used to familiarize 
the student with the sky at various times during the year and from different locations on earth. May 
term. 

4 FIELD GEOLOGY 

A methods course introducing the field techniques needed to study the geology of an area. May 
term. 

5 HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY 

A comprehensive view of the evolution of astronomical thought from ancient Greece to the present, 
emphasizing the impact that astronomical discoveries and the conquest of space have had on 
Western culture. Four hours of lecture per week. 

1 1 PRINCIPLES OF ASTRONOMY 

A summary of current concepts of the structure and contents of the universe, from the solar system 
to distant galaxies. Describes the techniques and instruments used in astronomical research. 
Presents not only what is reasonably well known about the universe, but also considers some of 
the major unsolved problems. Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion and planetarium 
demonstration, and two hours of laboratory per week. Fall Semester. 

12 ENVIRONMENTAL AND EARTH SCIENCE 

A study of the physical processes that continually affect the planet Earth, shaping our environment. 
Describes how past events and life-forms can be reconstructed from preserved evidence -to reveal 
the history of our planet from its origin to the present. Emphasizes the ways in which geology, 
meteorology, and oceanography interrelate with man and his environment. Three hours of lecture, 
one hour of discussion and demonstration, and two hours of laboratory per week. Spring Semester. 

15 CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS B 

25 CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS A 

Rather than presenting an encyclopedic view of classical physics, this course emphasizes the 
development of concepts and principles to be applied in all further courses. The fundamental 
quantities and laws of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and thermodynamics will be 
presented and illustrated with numerous problems. Lectures presented by the "3 + 1" method; also 
one hour of recitation and three hours of laboratory per week. Credit may not be earned for both 
15 and 25. Prerequisite for 15: Mathematics 17 (Precalculus). Corequisite for 25: Mathematics 18 
(Calculus I). Fall Semester. 

16 WAVES AND PARTICLES B 

26 WAVES AND PARTICLES A 

Description of waves, the wave equation, electromagnetic waves. Reflection, refraction, in- 
terference, and diffraction. The constituents of matter and radiation, the interaction of matter and 
radiation, wave-particle duality. The Bohr atom, atomic structure, and atomic spectra. Nuclear 
structure, radioactive decay, and nuclear reactions. Lectures presented by the "3 + 1" method; 
also one hour of recitation and three hours of laboratory per week. Credit may not be earned for 
both 16 and 26. Prerequisite for 16: AP 15 or 25 (Concepts of Physics B or A). Prerequisite for 26; 
AP 25 (Concepts of Physics A). Corequisite for 26: Mathematics 19 (Calculus II). Spring Semester. 

28 MECHANICS 

Kinematics and dynamics of single particles and systems of particles. Rigid bodies. Introduction 
to the mechanics of continuous media. Moving reference frames. Lagrangian mechanics. Four 
hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: AP 25 (Concepts of Physics 
A) and Mathematics 19 (Calculus II). 



76/ ASTRONOMY AND PHYSICS 



29 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM 

The electromagnetic field, electric potential, magnetic field, and electric and magnetic properties 
of matter. Electric circuits. Maxwell's equations. Laboratory includes electronic as well as classical 
electricity and magnetism Four hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. 
Prerequisite: AP 26 (Waves and Particles A). 

30 PLANETARIUM TECHNIQUES 

A methods course covering major aspects of planetarium programming, operation, and main- 
tenance. Students are required to prepare and present a planetarium show. Upon successfully 
completing the course, students are eligible to become planetarium assistants. Two hours of 
lecture and demonstration and four hours of practical training per week. Prerequisite: AP 11 
(Principles of Astronomy) or consent of the instructor. 

31 OPTICS AND ELECTRONICS B 

41 OPTICS AND ELECTRONICS A 

A course oriented toward the design and use of optical and electronic instruments. Lectures 
presented by the "3 + 1" method; also three hours of laboratory per week. Credit may not be earned 
for both 31 and 41 . Prerequisites for 31 : AP 1 1 (Principles of Astronomy) and either AP 1 6 or 26 
(Waves annd Particles B or A). Prerequisites for 41 : AP 1 1 (Principles of Astronomy) and AP 26 
(Waves and Particles A). Alternate years. 

32 ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS B 

42 ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS A 

A survey course on the physics of the upper atmosphere. Lectures presented by the "3 + 1" 
method. Credit may not be earned for both 32 and 42. Prerequisites for 32: AP 12 (Environmental 
and Earth Science) and AP 16 or 26 (Waves and Particles B or A). Prerequisites for 42: AP 12 
(Environmental and Earth Science) and AP 26 (Waves and Particles A). Alternate years. 

34 RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY B 

44 RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY A 

A detailed presentation of the special theory of relativity, and a short view of the general theory 
and its classical proofs. Man's concepts of the universe, with particular attention to alternative 
modern cosmological models. Discussion of the Cosmological Principle, its rationale, and its 
implications. Lectures will be presented by the "3 + 1" method. Credit may not be earned for both 
34 and 44. Prerequisites for 34: AP 11 (Principles of Astronomy) and either AP 15 or AP 25 
(Concepts of Physics B or A), Mathematics 18 (Calculus I), Prerequisites for 44: AP 1 1 (Principles 
of Astronomy) and AP 25 (Concepts of Physics A). 

35 STELLAR EVOLUTION AND NUCLEOSYNTHESIS B 

45 STELLAR EVOLUTION AND NUCLEOSYNTHESIS A 

The physical principles governing the internal structure and external appearance of stars. 
Mechanisms of energy generation and transport within stars. The evolution of stars from initial 
formation to final stages. The creation of chemical elements by nucleosynthesis. Lectures 
presented by the "3 + 1" method. Credit may not be earned for both 35 and 45. Prerequisites for 
35: AP 1 1 (Principles of Astronomy) and either AP 1 6 or 26 (Waves and Particles B or A). Corequisite 
for 35: Mathematics 19 (Calculus II) or consent of the instructor. Prerequisites for 45: AP 11 
(Principles of Astronomy) and AP 26 (Waves and Particles A). Alternate years. 

36 STELLAR DYNAMICS AND GALACTIC STRUCTURE B 

46 STELLAR DYNAMICS AND GALACTIC STRUCTURE A 

The motion of objects in gravitational fields. Introduction to the n-body problem. The relation 
between stellar motions and the galactic potential. The large scale structure of galaxies in general 
and of the Milky Way Galaxy in particular. Lectures presented by the "3 + 1" method. Credit may 
not be earned for both 36 and 46. Prerequisites for 36: AP 1 1 (Principles of Astronomy) and either 
AP 15 or 25 (Concepts of Physics B or A). Corequisite for 36: Mathematics 19 (Calculus II) or 
consent of instructor. Prerequisites for 46: AP 1 1 (Principles of Astronomy) and AP 25 (Concepts 
of Physics A). Corequisite for 46: AP 28 (Mechanics) or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 



BIOLOGY/ 77 



48 INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS 

Basic concepts and formulation of quantum theory. The free particle, the simple harmonic 
oscillator, the hydrogen atom, and central force problems will be discussed. Both time 
independent and time dependent perturbation theory will be covered. Four hours of lecture and 
recitation. Prerequisite: either AP 26 (Waves and Particles A) or Chemistry 31 (Physical Chemistry 
II), and Mathematics 21 (Differential Equations). 

49 ASTRONOMY AND PHYSICS COLLOQUIA 

Professionally active scientists in astronomy, physics, and related areas are invited to present 
lectures on their own research or other professional activities. In addition, seniors majoring in 
astronomy or physics present the results of a literature survey or individual research project. One 
hour per week. Majors in this department must attend three semesters without credit during junior 
and senior years (register for non-credit AP 00, Colloquia). Credit is earned during the senior 
semester in which the student's presentation is given. 



PHYSICS 

23 MODERN PHYSICS 

The basic concepts of modern physics are examined: wave-particle duality and fundamental ideas 
of quantum mechanics, atomic structure, X-ray spectra, interaction of radiation and matter, nuclear 
models and nuclear structure, radioactivity and nuclear reactions, molecular and solid state 
physics, special relativity. Three lectures and four hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
Physics 1 1 or consent of instructor. This course will be offered for the last time during the.1975- 
76 academic year. 



BIOLOGY 

Associate Professor: Angstadt (Chairman), Kelley 
Assistant Professor: Diehl, Mayers, Sherbine, Zaccaria 

A major consists of eight Biology courses including 10-11, 20, 21 , 22, 23, 
and 24. In addition, one year of chemistry and mathematics is required. Certain 
specific exceptions to the core program will be made for three-year students 
enrolled in cooperative programs. Such exceptions are noted under the 
particular cooperative program heading in the Career Opportunities section of 
the catalog and students interested in these programs should contact the 
Program Director before finalizing their individual program. Credit may not be 
earned for both Biology 1 and 10 or for both Biology 2 and 11. Consent of 
instructor may replace Biology 10-1 1 as a prerequisite for all Biology courses. 

1-2 PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY 

An investigation of biological principles, including ecological systems, form and function in 
selected representative organisms (especially man), cell theory, molecular biology, reproduc- 
tion, inheritance, adaptation, and evolution. The course is designed primarily for students not 
planning to major in the biological sciences. 

3 FIELD BIOLOGY FOR TEACHERS 

A methods course for students preparing to teach biology. Sources and methods of collecting 
and preserving various plant and animal materials. Offered summer only. 

5-6 BASIC HUMAN BIOLOGY 

An introduction to the physics and chemistry relative to biological systems. Human anatomy, 
physiology, and developmental biology will be surveyed. An introduction to microbiology with 
emphasis given to host-pathogen relationships and the immune response. 

10-11 INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY 

An introduction to the study of biology designed for students planning to major in the biological 
sciences. Major topics considered include the origin of life, cellular respiration and photosyn- 
thesis, genetics, development, anatomy and physiology, ecology, behavior and evolution. 



78/ BIOLOGY 



20 CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY 

Physico-chemical background of cellular function; functions of membrane systems and 
organelles; metabolic pathways; biochemical and cellular bases of growth; development and 
responses of organisms. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11 , and a year of Chemistry. 

21 MICROBIOLOGY 

A study of microorganisms. Emphasis is given to the identification and physiology of 
microorganisms as well as to their role in disease, their economic importance and industrial 
applications. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 

22 GENETICS 

A general consideration of the principles governing inheritance including treatments of classical, 
molecular, cytological, physiological, microbial, human and population genetics. Prerequisite: 
Biology 10-11. 

23 ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY 

The mechanisms and functions of animal systems including the autonomic, endocrine, 
digestive, cardio-vascular, respiratory, renal, nervous, and reproductive systems. Mammalian 
physiology is stressed. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 

24 ECOLOGY 

The study of the principles of ecology with emphasis on the role of chemical, physical, and 
biological factors affecting the distribution and succession of plant and animal populations and 
communities. Included will be field studies of local habitats as well as laboratory experimenta- 
tion. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11 . 

30 COMPARATIVE ANATOMY OF VERTEBRATES 

Detailed examination of the origins, structure, and functions of the principal organs of 
vertebrates. Special attention is given to the progressive modification of organs from lower to 
higher vertebrates. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11 . Alternate years. 

31 HISTOLOGY 

A study of the basic body tissues and the microscopic anatomy of the organs and structures 
of the body which are formed from them. Focus is on normal human histology. Prerequisite: 
Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

32 MICROTECHNIQUES 

A course designed to acquaint the student with the principles and techniques of preparing 
biological materials for microscopic study. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11 . Alternate years. 

33 ECONOMIC AND SYSTEMATIC BOTANY 

Structure and classification of plants, with emphasis on those species, particularly food and drug 
plants, having significance for human affairs. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11 . Alternate years. 

34 INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY 

Comparative study of the invertebrate phyla with emphasis on phylogeny, physiology, and 
morphology. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11 . Alternate years. 

40 PARASITOLOGY 

The biology of parasites and parasitism. Studies on the major groups of animal parasites, their 
taxonomy and life cycles, with an emphasis on those of medical and veterinary importance. 
Prerequisite: Biology 10-11 . Alternate years. 

41 VERTEBRATE EMBRYOLOGY 

A study of the development of vertebrates from fertilization to the fully formed fetus. Particular 
attention is given to the chick and human as representative organisms. Prerequisite: Biology 10- 
11 . Alternate years. 

42 ANIMAL BEHAVIOR 

A study of the causation, function, evolution, and biological significance of animal behaviors in 
their normal environmental and social contexts. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION I 79 



43 ICHTHYOLOGY 

The course will encompass the anatomy, taxonomy, and life histories of both freshwater and 
marine fish. Species of major economic and sport interest will be featured, while the areas of 
fish management, aquiculture, and fish harvesting will be considered. Prerequisite: Biology 10- 
11 . Alternate years. 

44 BIOCHEMISTRY 

Emphasis is given to the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, proteins, and nucleic 
acids; integration of metabolism; and biochemical control mechanisms including allosteric 
control, induction, repression, as well as the various types of inhibitive control mechanisms. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 20-21 or Chemistry 5, or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

45 EVOLUTION 

A history of evolutionary thought, including the genetic, systematic, ecological, and zoo- 
geographical concepts which are related to the process of evolution. Prerequisite: Biology 10- 
11. Alternate years. 

46 PLANT ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 

A study of plant physiology as a function of plant anatomy. Metabolic relationships and 
environmental factors will be examined from a background of the structure and development of 
cells, tissues, organs, and whole plants. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

47 IMMUNOLOGY 

The course introduces concepts concerning how pathogens cause disease and host defense 
mechanisms against infectious diseases. Characterization of and relationships between 
antigens, haptens, and antibodies are presented. Serological assays will include: agglutination 
precipitations, immunofluorescence, immunoelectrophoresis, and complement fixation. Other 
topics are: immediate and delayed hypersensitivities (i.e. allergies such as hay fever and poison 
ivy), immunological renal diseases, immunohematology (blood groups, etc.), the chemistry and 
function of complement, autoimmunity and organ graft rejection phenomena. Prerequisite: 
Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

Professor: Hollenback (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: King, Weaver 
Instructor: Waite 
Lecturer: Larrabee 
Part-Time Instructor: Rauff 

The major is designed to train students in analytical thinking and verbal and 
oral communication, in addition to educating them in the principal disciplines 
of business. To accomplish this, ten courses are required: Business 10-11, 23, 
28-29, 38-39, 40, and 41 and Mathematics 13. Accounting 10 may be 
substituted for Business 10 if a student changes his major. Majors also are 
urged to enroll in Economics 10, 11; Business 35 and 36; Mathematics 12 and 
15. The additional elective offerings are intended to add depth in the areas of 
finance, marketing, and management. 

10-11 MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING 

The business firm is a decision-making institution adapting to a constantly changing environment. 
Future administrators and managers are introduced to their stewardship responsibilities by use 
of accounting and statistical techniques as tools in planning and controlling the organization. 

23 QUANTITATIVE BUSINESS ANALYSIS 

Techniques of quantitative analysis useful in business management. Topics include: sampling, 
hypothesis testing, index numbers, analysis of time series, linear programming, and decision 
theory. Prerequisite: Math 13 or consent of instructor. 



80/ BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 



28-29 MARKETING MANAGEMENT 

Planning, organization, and control of the distribution activities of the firm, and an analysis and 
evaluation of the marketing system, its institutions and processes. Application of marketing 
principles and the development of strategies for specific marketing problems. Product, channel 
flow, promotion and pricing strategies explored. Readings, cases, and games. 

32 ADVERTISING 

Nature, scope, methods, and effects of promotion. Techniques of analysis and control in the use 
of advertising, and publicity as tools in developing business strategy. 

33 INVESTMENTS 

Analysis of the leading types of investments available to the individual and the firm. Use of 
forecasting methods, financial reports, and financial indicators. Methods of buying and selling 
securities with a discussion of the agencies involved including brokerage houses and stock 
exchanges. 

34 INSURANCE 

Analysis of the major insurance methods of overcoming risk, including: life, accident, health, 
marine, and social insurance. Fidelity and surety bonds. Commercial and government plans. 

35 LEGAL PRINCIPLES I 

Lectures and analysis of cases on the nature, sources, and fundamentals of the law in general, 
and particularly as relating to contracts, agency, and negotiable instruments. Open only to juniors 
and seniors. 

36 LEGAL PRINCIPLES II 

Lectures on the fundamentals and history of the law relating to legal associations, real property, 
wills, and estates. Open only to juniors and seniors. 

38-39 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 

Planning, organization, and control of the financial aspects of the firm. Development of financial 
principles and application to specific situations. Sources and uses of funds, costs of funds, profit 
determination, expansion, reorganization and liquidation. Prerequisite: Business 11 or Account- 
ing 20, and Business 23. 

40 MANAGEMENT CONCEPTS 

Structural characteristics and functional relationships of a business organization as well as the 
problems encountered in coordinating the internal resources of a firm. Emphasis on administrative 
efficiency and procedures. 

42 BUSINESS POLICIES 

Planning, organization, and control of business operations; setting of goals; coordination of 
resources; development of policies. Analysis of strategic decisions encompassing all areas of a 
business, and the use and analysis of control measures. Emphasis on both the internal 
relationship of various elements of production, finance, marketing, and personnel and the 
relationship of the business entity to external stimuli. Readings, cases, and games. Prerequisites: 
Business 23, 28-29, 38-39, and 40 or consent of instructor. Seniors only. 

42 PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 

An introduction to the managerial problems of recruiting, selecting, training, and retraining the 
human resources of the firm. Emphasis is placed on the interrelationship of personnel policies 
with management objectives and philosophies in such areas as fringe benefits, wage and salary 
policies, union activities, and health and safety. 

43 RETAIL MANAGEMENT I 

Planning, organization, and control of the retailing firm. Competitive strategy development 
through store location, layout, administrative organization, buying and pricing. Cases, reading, 
and papers. Alternate years. 

44 RETAIL MANAGEMENT II 

Inventory control, retail sales, promotion, and financial analysis of the enterprise. Survey of current 
issues and governmental, social, and economic forces of concern to the retailer. Retailing 
principles applied to specific management situations through cases, games, and reading. 
Prerequisite: Business 43 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 



CHEMISTRY j 81 



45 ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY 

An analysis of organizational design through the use of analytical models. Using the systems 
approach, an understanding of human behavior in formal organizations is developed, and 
practical problems of organizational design are discussed. Topics include: traditional organiza- 
tional theory, behavior patterns, organizational design, and change. Alternate years. 

46 PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT 

An introduction to the production function in industry. Topics include: product design, plant 
location and layout, operational analysis, performance standards, line balance theory, inventory 
control, and the impact of automation through technological change. Alternate years. 



CHEMISTRY 

Professor: Hummer (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Franz 
Part-time Instructor: Fineman 



Radspinner 



A major consists of eight Chemistry courses: Chemistry 10-11, 20-21 , 30- 
31, 32, and 33: Mathematics 18-19, 20, and Astronomy and Physics 25, 26. 
Mathematics 15 and 21, and French, German, or Russian are highly recom- 
mended. Placement in Chemistry is determined, in part, by an examination 
taken by all students upon initial enrollment in the subject. 

5 BRIEF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

This course is designed for those non-chemistry majors who elect a single semester course only 
in organic chemistry. The material will illustrate principles and concepts of organic chemistry 
supported by that descriptive material which would find application for students of medical 
technology, biology, nursing, forestry, education, and the humanities. Topics included are 
bonding and structure, alkanes, arenes, and their functional derivatives, amino acids and 
proteins, carbohydrates, and other naturally-occurring compounds. Three hours of lecture and 
one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 10. Not open for credit to 
students who have received credit for Chemistry 20. 




82 /CHEMISTRY 



10 GENERAL CHEMISTRY I 

An introduction to the concepts and models of chemistry which are necessary for an 
understanding of the fabric and dynamics of the material world. These principles include 
stoichiometry, atomic and molecular structure and properties, the states of matter, solutions, 
kinetics, equilibrium, and nomenclature. A study of the chemistry of representative elements and 
their compounds is made through the application of fundamental principles. The laboratory treats 
quantitative relationships as well as qualitative analysis. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, 
and one three-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: Placement by examination. 

11 GENERAL CHEMISTRY II 

Continuation of Chemistry 10, with emphasis on the foundations of analytical, inorganic, and 
physical chemistry. The principal unifying concepts of chemical systems are examined in both 
Chemistry 10 and 11 Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, and one three-hour laboratory 
period each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 10. 

20-21 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

A systematic study of the compounds of carbon including both aliphatic and aromatic series. The 
laboratory work introduces the student to simple fundamental methods of organic synthesis, 
isolation, and analysis. Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 11. 

30-31 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of the fundamental principles of theoretical chemistry and their applications. The 
laboratory work includes techniques in physiochemical measurements. Three hours lecture and 
one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 1 1 , Mathematics 20, and one 
year of Physics or consent of instructor. 

32 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of the fundamental methods of gravimetric, volumetric, and elementary instrumental 
analysis together with practice in laboratory techniques and calculations of these methods. Two 
hours lecture and two three-hour laboratory periods each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 11 or 
consent of instructor. 

33 ADVANCED INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

A study of modern theories of atomic and molecular structure and their relationship to the 
chemistry of selected elements and their compounds. Three hours lecture and one four-hour 
laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 30. Mathematics 20, and one year of 
Physics or consent of instructor. 

39 INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS 

After presenting the origin, basic concepts and formulation of Quantum Mechanics with emphasis 
on its physical meaning the free particle, simple harmonic oscillator and central force problems 
will be investigated. Both time independent and time dependent perturbation theory will be 
covered. The elegant operator formalism of quantum mechanics will conclude the course. Four 
hours of lecture and recitation. Prerequisites: Mathematics 21; either Chemistry 31 or Astronomy 
and Physics 26, and consent of instructor. Cross-listed as Astronomy and Physics 48. 

40 ADVANCED ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

Selected topics, which may include mechanisms of organic reactions, synthesis, detailed 
structure and chemistry of natural products, polynuclear hydrocarbons, and aromatic heter- 
ocyclics. Three hours lecture. Prerequisite: Chemistry 20-21. 

41 QUALITATIVE ORGANIC ANALYSIS 

Theory and application of the systematic identification of pure organic compounds and mixtures. 
Two hours lecture and two three-hour laboratory periods each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 20. 

43 ADVANCED ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of advanced analytical methods with emphasis on chromatographic, electrochemical, 
and spectroscopic methods of analysis. Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period 
each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 31 and 32. 



ECONOMICS/ 83 



44 BIOCHEMISTRY 

Emphasis is given to the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, proteins, and nucleic 
acids; integration of metabolism; and biochemical control mechanisms including allostenc 
control, induction, repression, as well as the various types of inhibitive control mechanisms 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 21 or 5 or consent of instructor. 

45 SPECTROSCOPY AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE 

Theory and practice of molecular structure determination by spectroscopic methods. Three hours 
lecture. Pre or co-requisites: Chemistry 31, 33, or consent of instructor. 

48 CHEMISTRY COLLOQUIUM 

A seminar in which faculty, students, and invited professional chemists discuss their own research 
activities or those of others which have appeared in the recent chemical literature. Prerequisite: 
Three semesters of non-credit Chemistry Colloquium 00 taken during the junior and senior years. 



ECONOMICS 

Professor; Rabold (Chairman) 
Associate Professor: Opdahl 

The major has two tracks. Track I is designed for the student whose primary 
interest lies in business management; Track II is designed for students with an 
interest in graduate work, teaching, government, or non-business careers and 
for those with less well defined interests. 

Track I — Managerial Economics requires: Economics 10, 11, 32, and 41; 
Business 10-11, or Accounting 10 and 20; Business 38 and 39; plus two 
electives from the following: Economics 31, 35, 37, 43 and Business 40. 

Track II— Political Economy requires: Economics 10, 11, 30, 31, 40, and five 
electives of which three must be in economics and two in political science, all 
selected with the advice and consent of the student's advisor or department 
chairman. 

In addition, the following courses are recommended: All majors — Math 13 and 
Business 23; Majors planning graduate work— Math 18-19; Track II majors- 
Business 10-11. 

2 CONSUMER ECONOMICS 

A course in "family" or "practical" economics, designed to teach students how they and their 
families can be intelligent consumers; that is, how they can spend, save, and borrow so as to 
maximize the value they receive for the income they have. Treats subjects such as intelligent 
shopping; the uses and abuses of credit; investing savings; buying insurance, automobiles and 
houses; medical care costs; estates and wills; etc. Alternate years. 

10 PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY I 

Macroeconomics. Deals with problems of the economic system as a whole. What influences the 
level of National Income and employment? What is inflation and why do we have it? What is the 
role of government in a modern capitalistic system? How does business organize to produce the 
goods and services we demand? How are the American financial and banking systems 
organized? What is the nature of American unionism? What are the elements of government 
finance and fiscal policy? 

1 1 PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY II 

This semester focuses upon microeconomics and selected current economic problems. It deals 
with the relatively small units of the economy such as the firm and the family. Analyzes demand 
and supply. Discusses how business firms decide what and how much to produce and how goods 
and services are priced in different types of markets. Also considers such problems as economic 
growth, international trade, poverty, discrimination, ecology, and alternative economic systems. 



84/ ECONOMICS 



20 MONEY AND BANKING 

Covers business fluctuations and monetary and fiscal policy; the financial organization of society; 
the banking system; credit institutions; capital markets; and international financial relations. 
Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11. Alternate years. 

22 ECONOMIC SYSTEMS OF THE WEST: Capitalism and Socialism 

A comparative analysis of the underlying ideologies, the basic institutions and the performance 
of selected economic systems extant in the West. Alternate years. 

23 SOVIET-TYPE ECONOMIES 

An analysis of the ideologies, institutions, and performance of Soviet-type economies, with 
emphasis upon Marxian theory and the economy of the U.S.S.R.; comparison of selected Eastern 
European and Chinese approaches to Communism. Alternate years. 

24 URBAN PROBLEMS 

The application of economic theory to the study of significant social, political, and economic 
problems associated with urbanization, including poverty, employment, education, crime, health, 
housing, land use and the environment, transportation, and public finance. Analysis of solutions 
offered. Alternate years. 

25 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS 

A study of the relationship between environmental decay and economic growth, with particular 
reference to failures of the price and property rights systems; application of cost /benefit analysis; 
measures aimed at the creation of an ecologically viable economy. Alternate years. 

30 INTERMEDIATE MICROECONOMICS 

An advanced analysis of contemporary theory regarding consumer demand, production costs 
and theory, profit maximization, market structures, and the determinants of returns to the factors 
of production. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11. 

31 INTERMEDIATE MACROECONOMICS 

An advanced analysis of contemporary theory and practice with regard to business fluctuations, 
national income accounting, the determination of income and employment levels, and the use of 
monetary and fiscal policy. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11. 

32 GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY 

An analytical survey of government's efforts to maintain competition through antitrust legislation; 
to supervise acceptable cases of private monopoly through public utility regulation and via means 
of regulatory commissions; and to encourage or restrain various types of private economic 
activities. Alternate years. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11 , or consent of instructor. 

35 LABOR PROBLEMS 

The history of organized labor in the United States, including the structure of unions; employers' 
opposition to unions; the role of government in labor-management relations; the economic impact 
of unions. Alternate years. 

37 PUBLIC FINANCE 

An analysis of the fiscal economics of the public sector, including the development, concepts, 
and theories of public expenditures, taxation, and debt at all levels of American government. 
Includes also the use of fiscal policy as an economic control device. Prerequisite: Economics 10 
and 1 1 or consent of instructor. 

40 HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT 

A discussion of the origins, development, and significance of the economic ideas embodied in 
the works of Smith, Marx, Schumpeter, Keynes, and others. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11 
or consent of instructor. 

41 MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS 

The application of economic theory and methodology to the solution of business problems. 
Subjects include: optimizing techniques, risk analysis, demand theory, production theory, cost 
theory, linear programming, capital budgeting, market structures, and the theory of pricing. 
Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11. 



EDUCATION 185 



43 INTERNATIONAL TRADE 

A study of the principles, theories, development, and policies concerning international economic 
relations, with particular reference to the United States. Subjects covered include: U.S. 
commercial policy and its development; international trade theory; tariffs and other protectionist 
devices; international monetary system and its problems; balance of payments issues. Alternate 
years. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11. 

45 DEVELOPMENT OF UNDERDEVELOPED NATIONS 

A study of the theories and problems of capital accumulation, allocation of resources, 
technological development, growth, planning techniques and institutions, and international 
relations encountered by the developing nations. Alternate years. 



EDUCATION 

Associate Professor: Schaeffer (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Conrad, Keesbury 

Education 20 and Psychology 38 are prerequisites to all other offerings in the 
Education Department. Education 20 should be taken at least two (2) semesters 
before the Professional Semester. 

Students seeking elementary certification must complete Mathematics 7, 
Education 30, 40, 41, and 42 as prerequisites to the Professional Semester, 
which includes Education 45, 47, and 48. They must also complete the 
Elementary Games section of the Physical Education course. 

Students seeking secondary certification must fulfill the requirements of a 
participation experience in area schools before the Professional Semester. 
Arrangements for participation are to be made through the Education Depart- 
ment. All requirements of the major must be completed in addition to the 
professional semester which includes Education 46, 47, and 49. 

20 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF EDUCATION 

A study of teaching as a profession with emphasis on the economic, social, political, and religious 
conditions which influence American schools and teachers. Consideration is given to the school 
environment, the curriculum, and the children with the intention that the students will examine 
more rationally their own motives for entering the profession. Not open to frehsman. 

30 THE PSYCHOLOGY AND TEACHING OF READING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

A background course in the psychological, emotional, and physical basis of reading. A study of 
the learning process as it applies to reading, child development and the curriculum. The 
development of a reading program from the beginning (readiness) through principles, problems, 
techniques, and materials used in the total elementary schools. Observation of and participation 
with superior teachers in elementary schools of the Greater Williamsport Area. Prerequisites: 
Education 20 and Psychology 38. 

32 INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA AND COMMUNICATIONS 

A study of the value, design, construction, and application of the visual and auditory aids to 
learning. Practical experience in the handling of audio-visual equipment and materials is 
provided. Application of Audio-Visual Techniques. Application of the visual and auditory aids to 
learning. Students will plan and carry out actual teaching assignments utilizing various A-V 
devices. Summer session only. 

39 PUBLIC SCHOOL CURRICULUM 

An examination of the various curricula of the public schools and their relationships to current 
practices. Special attention will be given to the meaning and nature of the curriculum; the 
desirable outcomes of the curriculum; conflicting and variant conceptions of curricular content; 
modern techniques of curricular construction; criteria for the evaluation of curricula; the 
curriculum as a teaching instrument. Emphasis will be placed upon the curriculum work within 
the teaching field of each individual. Summer session only. 



86/ EDUCATION 



40 LANGUAGE ARTS AND CHILDREN'S LITERATURE FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

This course is designed to consider the principles, problems, materials, and techniques of 
teaching English, spelling, penmanship, choral speaking, and children's literature. Observation 
of superior teachers in elementary schools of the Greater Williamsport Area. Prerequisite: 
Education 30. 

41 TEACHING THE SOCIAL STUDIES IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

Studies and experiences to develop a basic understanding of the structure, concepts, and 
processes of anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science, and sociology as 
these relate to the elementary school social science curriculum. Practical applications, demon- 
strations of methods, and the development of integrated teaching units using texts, reference 
books, films, and other teaching materials. Prerequisite: Education 30. 

42 SCIENCE, HEALTH, AND SAFETY FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

Science methods and materials interpreting children's science experiences and guiding the 
development of their scientific concepts. A briefing of the science content of the curriculum, its 
material and use. An introduction to the methods of first aid, preservation of health, prevention 
of accidents, and the development of good health habits. Prerequisite: Education 30. 

45 METHODS OF TEACHING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

A study of methods and materials of teaching all elementary school subjects, including art and 
music, with a view to preparing students for their particular student teaching assignment. 
Demonstration lessons by students, micro-teaching, simulation activities, and group interrelation 
studies may be included. Prerequisite: Education 40, 41, and 42. 

46 METHODS OF TEACHING IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

A study of materials, methods, and techniques of teaching with emphasis on the student's major. 
Stress is placed on the selection and utilization of visual and auditory aids to learning. Students 
will teach demonstration lessons in the presence of the instructor and the members of the class 
and will observe superior teachers in the secondary schools of the Greater Williamsport Area. 
Prerequisites: Education 20, Psychology 38, and the Participation Experience. 

47 PROBLEMS IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN EDUCATION 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Seminar in the issues, problems and challenges encountered by teachers in the American public 
schools, especially those related to the student teaching experience. 

48 PRACTICE TEACHING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Two Units. Exceeds state mandated minimum requirements. Professional laboratory experience 
under the supervision of a selected cooperating teacher in a public elementary school of the 
Greater Williamsport Area. Organized learning experiences. Actual classroom experience." 

49 PRACTICE TEACHING IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Two Units. Exceeds state mandated minimum requirements. Professional laboratory experience 
under the supervision of a selected cooperating teacher in a public secondary school of the 
Greater Williamsport Area. Organized learning experiences. Emphasis on actual classroom 
experience, responsibility in the guidance program and out-of-class activates.* 

•Practice teachers are required to follow the calendar of the school district to which they are assigned. 



ENGLISH I 87 



ENGLISH 

Professor: Graham 

Associate Professor: Gustafson, Madden (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: Ford, Jensen, Rife 

A major consists of ten courses not including English 1 . These ten courses must 
include: 

Literary Periods — Four courses: one course to be chosen from each of these 
groups: English 20 or 21; English 22 or 23; English 24, 25, or 26; English 27, 
28, or 29. 

Genres and Particular Authors — Three courses: English 34 and one course 
from each of these groups: English 30, 31, or 33; English 35, 36 or 37. 

English Electives — Three courses: any three from English 12 and above not 
already taken to satisfy the preceding requirements. With the consent of the 
English Department, an appropriate course from the offerings of other depart- 
ments may be substituted for an English elective. 

Majors seeking secondary certification in English are required to take English 
46. 

1 RHETORIC 

Instruction and carefully supervised practice in the basic techniques of organizing and 
expressing facts and ideas. The topic or topics dealt with are selected by the instructor. 

12 INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE 

An introduction to the study of literature, this course is primarily designed for freshmen seeking 
an elective to fulfill half of their English distribution requirement. Through lectures and discussions, 
the course will introduce the student to a variety of literary genres, including poetry, fiction, and 
drama. The lectures will be delivered by members of the English Department, and on occasion 
by members of other departments, and the discussions will be led by select upper-division 
English majors. 

20 MEDIEVAL LITERATURE 

A study of the epic, romance, lyric and drama from Beowulf to Malory's Le Morte Darthur and 
Everyman, with some attention to continental works influencing the development of English 
literature. 

21 RENAISSANCE LITERATURE 

A study of English literary traditions from 1500 through the Elizabethan Age within the context of 
humanism and the Reformation. Emphasis on the works of major writers: More, Spenser, Marlowe, 
Shakespeare, Jonson, and others. Some consideration of continental influences on works of the 
period. 

22 17TH CENTURY BRITISH LITERATURE 

By means of wide reading among the works of some major authors of the period, an understanding 
of the literature and the period will be pursued. 

23 18TH CENTURY BRITISH LITERATURE 

A close analysis of selected works of the major writers (from Pope and Swift to Johnson). Emphasis 
will be placed on the development of traditions of attitude (literary, social, and philosophical) and 
on the chief genres of the period. 

24 ROMANTIC LITERATURE (1780-1832) 

A study of the literary, philosophical, and historical significance of the Romantic Movement. 
Emphasis will be given to the poetry of Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, Keats. 



88 /ENGLISH 



25 VICTORIAN LITERATURE (1832-1901) 

A study of major works of British prose, poetry, and fiction from 1832 to 1901. Emphasis on the 
individual qualities of each selection, and on its relation to Victorian life and thought. Authors likely 
to be read include Dickens, Trollope, Eliot, Meredith, Thackeray, Hardy, Carlyle, Mill, Arnold, 
Ruskin, Newman, Pater, Tennyson, Browning, Swinburne, and Hopkins. 

26 19TH CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 

A brief survey of American literature and thought before 1800, followed by more intensive study 
of the literature and thought of the period 1800-1900. Bryant, Cooper, Emerson, Thoreau, Poe, 
Hawthorne, Melville, Whitman, Dickinson, Twain, Howells, and others. 

27 20TH CENTURY BRITISH LITERATURE 

Chief attention will be paid to the major works of poetry, fiction, and drama from Conrad to Beckett, 
with emphasis on the development of peculiarly 20th century forms and traditions. 

28 20TH CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 

Major writers, movements, and influences in American literature in the period 1900-1950, with 
strong emphasis on Naturalism and Realism. Twain, James, Crane, Hemingway, Fitzgerald, 
Faulkner, O'Neill, Robinson, Frost, Eliot, Stevens, and others. 

29 CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE 

Representative works of major figures of the post- World War II period, British, American, and some 
Continental. Auden, Pinter, Murdoch, Amis, Hughes, Thomas, Greene; Beckett, Grass, Camus, 
Sartre; Albee, Bellow, Heller, Vonnegut, Lowell, et al. This course may be structured around a 
single theme or idea, such as " The Search for a Father," "The Contemporary Wasteland," or "The 
Function of Violence in the Modern World." 

30 THE NATURE OF DRAMA 

An examination of the forms and techniques of the drama. The course will vary in content and 
may focus on one or several playwrights or periods. 

31 THE NATURE OF POETRY 

Poetry will be studied with special attention given to considering the "kinds" (e.g. lyric, epic, etc.) 
of poetry, and the various ways of reading poems. 

33 THE NATURE OF FICTION 

An examination of the forms and techniques of fiction, with emphasis on the development of the 
genre from the eighteenth century to the present. 

34 INTRODUCTION TO LITERARY CRITICISM 

A study of major critical approaches to the reading of literature. Practice in writing formal critical 
analyses of selected works. 

35 CHAUCER 

A study of the major poetry of Chaucer, with emphasis on The Canterbury Tales and Troilus and 
Criseyde, with some reference to the traditions out of which these works arose. 

36 SHAKESPEARE 

A study of selected major plays, with emphasis given to their relation to Shakespeare's age and 
our own. 

37 SELECTED AUTHORS 

An intensive study of one or more authors, selected on the basis of student and faculty interest. 
This course may be repeated for credit. 

40 LITERATURE AND LANGUAGE: FORMAL APPROACHES 

The general subject of such a course might be the history and theory of literature, with, for 
example, the specific topic being the relationships between the development of the English 
language and its poetics by means of a consideration of traditional metric theories in light of 
current linguistic research; or, the general subject of such a course might be semantics and 
theories of meaning, with attention given to various schools of thought such as those of the 
semanticists, the General Semanticists, the Semologists, and so on; or, the course might take up 
special topics in linguistics. This course may be repeated for credit. 



FOREIGN LANGUAGES I 89 



41 TRADITIONAL THEMES IN LITERATURE 

Persistent themes, legends, and ideas in literature— King Arthur, Faust, Utopia; alienation, rite de 
passage, the quest; existentialism, determinism, and the like. This course may be repeated for 
credit. 

42 LITERATURE IN ITS EXTERNAL RELATIONS 

Emphasis will be on literature in its relation to specific cultural manifestations. Individual courses 
may be organized around such materials as Literature and Psychology, Literature and 
Industrialism, Literature and Philosophy, and so on. This course may be repeated for credit. 

43 CONTRASTIVE STUDIES 

Emphasis will be on comparisons and contrasts among the literatures of more than one period, 
nation, or group, or among literature and other media. Individual courses might consider such 
contrastive materials as American and Russian Frontier Literature; Literature of the Folk and of 
the Establishment, and so on This course may be repeated for credit. 

44 WRITING WORKSHOP: NON-FICTION 

A workshop course dealing with the professional treatment of factual material for magazines or 
newspapers. Emphasis on the informal essay, feature article, interview, or news story with 
consideration of the interests of individual students. Roundtable discussions will be sup- 
plemented by personal conferences. This course may be repeated for credit. 

45 WRITING WORKSHOP: FICTION, POETRY 

Emphasis will be on practical experience in writing imaginative literature (e.g. poetry, short story, 
drama, etc.). The course will focus on a single form of imaginative writing. This course may be 
repeated for credit. 

46 THE STRUCTURE AND HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 

A study of modern language theories as applied to Modern English and its historical origins. 
Emphasis in any given semester will be on Structural or Generative-Transformational approaches 
to the understanding of language. 

48 SENIOR SEMINAR 

A comprehensive study of the range of English and American literature, cutting across genres 
and periods. Specific content and approach may vary with the instructor. This course may be 
repeated for credit. Limited to senior majors. 



m ) 




FOREIGN LANGUAGES 
AND LITERATURES 

Associate Professor: Flam, Maples (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: MacKenzie, Winston 
Part-Time Instructor: Belmont 

Study of foreign languages and literatures offers opportunity to explore broadly 
the varieties of human experience and thought. It contributes both to personal 
and to international understanding by providing competence in a foreign 
language and a critical acquaintance with the literature and culture of foreign 
peoples. A major can serve as entree to careers in business, industry, 
government, publishing, education, journalism, social agencies, translating, 
and writing. It prepares for graduate work in literature or linguistics and the 
international fields of politics, commerce, law, health, and area studies. 

FRENCH, GERMAN, RUSSIAN, and SPANISH are offered as major fields of 
study. The major consists of at least eight courses numbered 10 or above. 
Majors seeking teacher certification and students planning to enter graduate 
school are advised to begin study of a second foreign language. The 
department encourages the development in breadth of programs including 
allied courses from related fields or a second major, and also individual or 
established interdisciplinary majors combining interest in several literatures or 
area or cross-cultural studies, for example: Soviet Area Studies, International 
Studies, 20th Century Studies, the Major in Literature. Majors, teaching 
certification candidates, and in fact all college students are encouraged to 
spend at least a semester of study abroad by applying to one of the many 
programs available. The department maintains a file of such programs. The 
department also participates in a student exchange program with the 
Padagogische Hochschule of Gottingen. 

FOREIGN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES 

(Wholly or partially taught in English) 

25 CONTINENTAL LITERATURE 

A study of such major continental authors as Cervantes, Dostoevsky, Chekov, Dante, Ibsen, 
Proust, Gide, Kafka, Hesse, Goethe, Sartre, Camus, Brecht, and lonesco. Works read in English 
translation will vary and be organized around a different theme or topic; recent topics have been 
existentialism, modernism, and drama. Prerequisite: None. May be repeated for credit with 
consent of instructor. 

38 FOREIGN LANGUAGE: SYSTEMS AND PROCESS 

Study of basic linguistic concepts as a tool for language learning and teaching. Discussion and 
application of modern language teaching techniques. Designed for future teachers of foreign 
languages. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 

FRENCH 

A major consists of at least eight courses numbered 10 or above, including at 
least one numbered 40 or above. Foreign Languages and Literatures 25 may 
be included in the major. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 23, 31, 
Foreign Languages and Literatures 38, and at least two courses numbered 40 
or above. A language proficiency test is required of these students during their 
senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

The aim of the course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to using them. 
Regular practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

90 



FOREIGN LANGUAGES 191 



10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of the fundamentals of the language for immediate use in speaking, 
understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: 
French 2 or equivalent. 

20 CONVERSATION 

Designed to develop conversational fluency and comprehension through small group dis- 
cussions focusing on topics from readings in modern French culture, such as French social 
attitudes and French-American cultural differences. Some attention to grammar and writing. 
Prerequisite: French 11 or equivalent. 

23 INTRODUCTION TO LITERARY STUDIES 

Studies in French literature, with emphasis on critical reading and interpretation. Discussions, 
lectures, oral exposes, papers. Prerequisite: French 20 or equivalent. 

28 MODERN FRANCE 

A course designed to familiarize students with political and social structures and cultural attitudes 
in contemporary French society. Materials studied may include such documents as newspaper 
articles, interviews, and sociological surveys, and readings in history, religion, anthropology, and 
the arts. Some attention to the changing educational system and the family and to events and 
ideas which have shaped French society May include some comparative study of France and 
the United States. 

English Section: Not applicable toward satisfying the Foreign Language distribution requirement. 
Prerequisite: None. 

French Section: Offers readings, papers, and interviews in French for students with sufficient 
language skill. Can be applied toward the Foreign Language distribution requirement. Prere- 
quisite: French 10 or equivalent competency as determined by the department. 

31 FRENCH GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of phonetics and grammatical rules and their practical application in speaking and writing. 
Recommended for all majors. 

41 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE MIDDLE AGES AND THE RENAISSANCE 

A study of selected works from La Chanson de Roland to Montaigne. Prerequisite: French 23 or 
consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

43 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 17TH CENTURY 

A study of major texts of the period: preciosite, the origins and theories of French classicism, 
Comeille, Pascal, Descartes. Classical tragedy and comedy: Racine, Moliere, LaFontaine, Mme 
de La Fayette, La Bruyere. Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

45 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 18TH CENTURY 

The literary expression of ideas: Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau, and the Encyclopedists. 
Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

47 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 19TH CENTURY 

The dimensions of the Romantic sensibility: Musset, Hugo, Vigny, Balzac, Stendhal. Realism and 
Naturalism in the novels of Flaubert and Zola. Reaction in the poetry of Baudelaire, Rimbaud, 
Verlaine, and Mallarme. Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

48 MODERN FRENCH THEATRE 

Major trends in French drama from the turn of the century to Existentialism and the Theatre of the 
Absurd Giraudoux, Anouilh, Sartre, Camus, Beckett, lonesco, Genet, Adamov, and others. 
Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

49 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

Representative poets and novelists of modern France Readings selected from the works of 
authors such as Proust, Gide, Aragon, Giono, Maunac, Celine, Malraux, Samt-Exupe'ry, Camus, 
the ''new novelists" (Robbe-Gnllet, Butor, Sarraute, Le Clezio), and the poetry of Appllinaire, 
Valery, the Surrealists (Breton, Reverdy, Eluard, Char), Saint-John Perse, Supervielle, Prevert, and 
others Some attention to works of French-speaking African writers. Prerequisite: French 23 or 
consent of instructor. Alternate years. 



92 /FOREIGN LANGUAGES 



GERMAN 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above, one of which may be 
Foreign Languages and Literatures 25. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 31, 33, 34, 
and Foreign Languages and Literatures 38. A language proficiency test is 
required of these students during their senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to using them. Regular 
practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use in speaking, 
understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: 
German 2 or equivalent. 

20 CONVERSATION 

Designed to develop aural comprehension and conversational fluency. Readings and dis- 
cussions on topics of contemporary society in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. Some attention 
to grammar and writing. Prerequisite: German 11 or equivalent. 

31 GERMAN GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of intonation, complex grammatical rules and their practical application, stylistics, and a 
brief survey of the development of the language. Recommended for all majors. 

33 SURVEY OF GERMAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Selected literature of the Old High and Middle High German periods, of the late Middle Ages and 
Baroque. Prerequisite: German 20 or consent of instructor. 

34 SURVEY OF GERMAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Representative masterpieces of New High German literature beginning with the era of the 
Enlightenment. Prerequisite: German 20 or consent of instructor. 

40 GOETHE 

A study of the life and works of Goethe. Goethe's significance in the Classical period and later. 
Readings in the major works. Prerequisite: German 33 or 34 or consent of instructor. 

41 CLASSICAL GERMAN DRAMA 

The development of das klassische Drama with emphasis on works of Lessing, Goethe, and 
Schiller. Prerequisite: German 20. 

42 MODERN GERMAN DRAMA 

The emergence of modern Drama commencing with Buchnerand leading to Brecht.Prerequ/s/fe: 
German 20. 

43 THE NOVELLE 

The German Novelle as a genre relating to various literary periods. Prerequisite: German 20. 

45 GERMAN POETRY 

A study of selected poets or the poetry of various literary periods. Prerequisite: German 33 or 34 
or consent of instructor. 

47 MODERN GERMAN LITERATURE 

A study of the major movements and writers from Naturalism, Expressionism, and the postwar 
period. Hauptmann, Rilke, Mann, Hesse, Kaiser, and others. Prerequisite: German 33 or 34 or 
consent of instructor. 



FOREIGN LANGUAGES 193 



GREEK 

Greek is not offered as a major. 

1-2 NEW TESTAMENT GRAMMAR AND READINGS 

Fundamentals of New Testament Greek grammar and readings of selected passages of the Greek 
text. Alternate years. 

1 1 THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO ST. MARK 

A critical reading of the Greek text with special attention to exegetical questions. Alternate years. 

12 THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS 

A critical reading of the Greek text with special attention being given to the theology of St. Paul. 
Alternate years. 

HEBREW 

Hebrew is not offered as a major. 

1 -2 OLD TESTAMENT GRAMMAR AND READINGS 

Fundamentals of Old Testament Hebrew grammar and readings of selected passages of the 
Hebrew text. Alternate years. 

11-12 INTERMEDIATE OLD TESTAMENT HEBREW 

A critical reading of the Old Testament Hebrew text with special attention to exegetical questions. 
The text read varies from year to year. Alternate years. 

RUSSIAN 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above, one of which may be 
Foreign Languages and Literatures 25. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 20-21 , 33, 
34, and Foreign Languages and Literatures 38. A language proficiency test is 
required of these students during their senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to using them. Regular 
practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use in speaking, 
understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: 
Russian 2 or equivalent. 

20-21 ADVANCED 

Designed to develop a high degree of aural comprehension and conversational fluency. Directed 
composition and readings. Prerequisite: Russian 1 1 or equivalent. 

33 SURVEY OF RUSSIAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Russian literature, representative 
authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course deals with the literature through 
Dostoevski. Required of all majors and open to students majoring in other departments after 
consultation with the instructor. 

34 SURVEY OF RUSSIAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint students with important periods of Russian literature, representative 
authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course starts with Tolstoy. Required of 
all majors and open to students majoring in other departments after consultation with the 
instructor. 



94/ FOREIGN LANGUAGES 



43 RUSSIAN SHORT STORY 

Study of historical development of the short story form in Russia. Lectures, reports, and class 
analysis. 

47 SOVIET LITERATURE 

Survey of major literary figures, movements, styles. Revolution and its impact on literature and 
writers. Revival of the psychological novel, short story, contemporary poetry. 

48 READINGS IN MODERN RUSSIAN 

Representative readings and translation of Soviet periodicals and selected texts in social 
sciences. Study of current political and social terminology, Soviet idioms. 



SPANISH 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 1 or above, including at least one 
numbered 40 or above. Normally, Foreign Languages and Literatures 25 does 
not count toward the major. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass Foreign Languages 
and Literatures 38, Spanish 31, and one from 33, 34, or 35. A language 
proficiency test is required of these students during their senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view to using them. Regular 
practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate use in speaking, 
understanding, and reading with a view to building confidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: 
Spanish 2 or equivalent. 

20 ADVANCED 

The purpose of this course is to improve the student's ability in spontaneous conversations, 
focusing on everyday activities and matters of current concern as suggested in readings from 
Latin American and peninsular sources. Vocabulary building is stressed. Prerequisite: Spanish 
11 or equivalent. 

28 CONTEMPORARY HISPANIC LIFE 

To introduce students to the Spanish people — their values, customs and institutions, with 
reference to the major socio-economic, political and artistic forces governing present-day Spain. 
Readings will include selections from periodical literature as well as historical and literary texts. 
Lectures in English. 

English Section: Not applicable toward satisfying the Foreign Language Distribution require- 
ments. Prerequisite: None. 

Spanish Section: Students with sufficient language skill wishing to take this course for credit 
towards the Foreign Language distribution requirement will be given special readings and other 
assignments in Spanish. Prerequisite: Spanish 1 1 or equivalent competency as determined by 
the department. 

31 SPANISH GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of intonation, complex grammatical rules and their practical application, and a brief survey 
of the development of the language. Recommended for all majors. 

33 SURVEY OF SPANISH LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish literature, representative 
authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course deals with the literature from the 
beginning through the 17th century. Open to students majoring in other departments after 
consultation with instructor. Alternate years. 



FOREIGN LANGUAGES 1 95 



34 SURVEY OF SPANISH LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish literature, representative 
authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course deals with the literature from the 
18th century to the present. Open to students majoring in other departments after consultation 
with the instructor. Alternate years. 

35 SURVEY OF SPANISH AMERICAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish-American literature, 
representative authors, and major socio-economic developments. The course deals with the 
literature, especially the essay and poetry, from 16th century to present. Prerequisite: Consent 
of instructor. Alternate years. 

44 SPANISH LITERATURE OF THE GOLDEN AGE 

A study of representative works and principal literary figures in the poetry, prose, and drama of 
the 16th and 17th centuries, from Fernando de Rojas to Calderoh. Prerequisite: Consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

47 19TH CENTURY NOVEL 

Regionalism, realism, and naturalism in prose fiction, with emphasis on the works of Galdos. 
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

48 THE GENERATION OF '98 

Principal literary figures of the early 20th century: Unamuno, Azorm, Valle Inclan, Baroja, 
Benavente, Machado, Jimenez, etc. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

49 SPANISH AMERICAN NOVEL 

Twentieth Century novelists from Azuela to Garcia' Ma'rquez. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 




HISTORY 

Associate Professor: Piper (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Brady, Larson 

A major consists of ten courses, including 10, 11, and 45. At least seven courses 
must be taken in the department. The following courses may be counted toward 
fulfilling the major requirements: American Studies 10, Political Science 39, 
Religion 28 and 46. Other appropriate courses outside the department may be 
counted upon departmental approval. For History majors who student teach in 
history, the major consists of nine courses. In addition to the courses listed 
below, special courses, independent study and honors are available. Special 
courses recently taught and anticipated include a biographical study of 
European Monarchs, the European Left, the Industrialization and Urbanization 
of Modern Europe, Utopian Movements in America, the Peace Movement in 
America, the Vietnam War, and American Legal History. History majors are 
encouraged to participate in the internship program. 

10 EUROPE 1500-1815 

An examination of the political, social, cultural and intellectual history of Europe and its relations 
with other areas of the world from 1500 to 1815. 

11 EUROPE 1815-Present 

An examination of the political, social, cultural, and intellectual history of Europe and its relations 
with other areas of the world from 1815 to the present. 

12 UNITED STATES HISTORY 1763-1877 

A study of the men, measures, and movements which have been significant in the development 
of the United States between 1 763 and 1 877. Attention is paid to the problems of minority groups 
as well as to majority and national influences. 

13 UNITED STATES HISTORY 1877-Present 

A study of the men, measures, and movements which have been significant in the development 
of the United States since 1877. Attention is paid to the problems of minority groups as well as 
to majority and national influences. 

20 ANCIENT HISTORY 

A study of the ancient western world, including the foundations of the western tradition in Greece, 
the emergence and expansion of the Roman state, its experience as a Republic, and its 
transformation into the Empire. The course will focus on the social and intellectual life of Greece 
and Rome as well as political and economic changes. Alternate years. 

22 MEDIEVAL EUROPE AND ITS NEIGHBORS 

The history of Europe from the dissolution of the Roman Empire to the mid-fifteenth century. The 
course will deal with the growing estrangement of western Catholic Europe from Byzantium and 
Islam, culminating in the Crusades; the rise of the Islamic Empire and its later fragmentation; the 
development and growth of feudalism; the conflict of empire and papacy, and the rise of towns 
Alternate years. 

23 20TH CENTURY EUROPE TO 1929 

An intensive study of various aspects of the political, economic, social, and intellectual history 
of Europe from 1 900 to 1 929. Topics include the irrationalist movement, the causes of imperialism, 
the origins of the First World War, the Russian Revolution and establishment of the Soviet Regime, 
and the attempts at peacemaking after 1918. Prerequisite: History 11 or consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 

24 20TH CENTURY EUROPE SINCE 1929 

An intensive study of various aspects of the political, economic, social, and intellectual history 
of Europe from 1929 to the present. Topics include the nature of fascism, development of Stalinist 
Russia, outbreak of World War II, origins of the Cold War, and the economic reconstruction and 
integration of Western Europe since 1945. Prerequisite: History 11 or consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 

25 FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON 

An analysis of the political, social, and intellectual background of the French Revolution, a survey 
of the course of revolutionary development, and an estimate of the results of the Napoleonic 
conquests and administration Prerequisite: History 10 or consent of instructor. Alternate years 

96 



HISTORY I 97 



26 COLONIAL AMERICA AND THE REVOLUTIONARY ERA 

The establishment of British settlements on the American continent, their history as colonies, the 
causes and events of the American Revolution, the critical period following independence, and 
proposal and adoption of the United States Constitution. Alternate years. 

27 20TH CENTURY UNITED STATES 

This course begins with the Progressive Era and includes the political, economic, and social 
developments in the 20th Century. Emphasis will be placed on thes domestic and international 
demands which have faced the United States in the period following World War II. 

28 AFRO-AMERICAN HISTORY 

A study of the experiences and participation of Afro-Americans in the United States. The course 
includes historical experiences such as slavery, abolition, reconstruction, and urbanization. It also 
raises the issue of the development and growth of white racism, and the effect of this racism on 
contemporary Afro-American social, intellectual, and political life. Alternate years. 

31 HISTORY OF RUSSIA 

A survey of Russian history emphasizing the rise of Moscovy and the reasons for the failure of 
the Tzarist regime to successfully overcome the challenge of the modern world. Prerequisite: 
History 11 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

32 HISTORY OF THE SOVIET UNION 

An intensive study of the political, economic, and social history of the Soviet Union emphasizing 
the reasons for the Bolshevik victory, 1 91 7-21 , the origins and nature of the Stalinist regime, Soviet 
industrialization, and the development of post-Stalinist Russia. Prerequisite: History 1 1 or consent 
of instructor. Alternate years. 

33 CONFLICT IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION 

An in-depth study of the changing nature of war and its relationship to the development of Western 
Civilization since the end of the Middle Ages. Particular emphasis will be placed on the role of 
war in the development of the modern nation state and the origins and nature of total war. Alternate 
years. 

34 DIPLOMATIC HISTORY OF EUROPE SINCE 1789 

A survey of the development of the European states system and the relations between the 
European states since the beginning of the French Revolution. Prerequisite: History 1 1 or consent 
of instructor. Alternate years 

36 SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA 

The course is a survey from prehistoric times to the present. Special emphasis is placed upon 
pre-colonial African societies, the slave trade, European exploration and imperialism, the impact 
of colonialism upon African societies, economic development and exploitation of the colonies, 
and the roots of African nationalism. Alternate years. 

37 AGE OF JEFFERSON AND JACKSON 

The theme of the course is the emergence of the political and social characteristics that shaped 
modern America. The personalities of Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, John Randolph, Aaron 
Burr, and Andrew Jackson receive special attention. Special consideration is given to the first and 
second party systems, the decline in community cohesiveness, the westward movement, and the 
growing importance of the family as a unit of social organization. Alternate years. 

38 CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION 

The problems and events leading to war, the political and military history of the war, and the bitter 
aftermath to the Compromise of 1877. 

39 20TH CENTURY UNITED STATES RELIGION 

The study of historical and cultural developments in American society which relates to religion 
or are commonly called religions. This involves consideration of the institutional and intellectual 
development of several faith groups as well as discussion of certain problems, such as the 
persistence of religious bigotry and the changing modes of Church-State relationships. Alternate 
years 



98/ MATHEMATICS 



40 HISTORY OF RENAISSANCE THOUGHT 

A study of the classical, humanist, and scholastic elements involved in the development of the 
Renaissance outlook, views, and values, both in Italy and in Northern Europe. The various 
combinations of social and political circumstances which constitute the historical context of these 
intellectual developments will be noted. Alternate years. 

41 HISTORY OF REFORMATION THOUGHT 

A study of the ideas and systems of ideas propounded prior to the Reformation but which are 
historically related to its inception and of the ideas and systems of ideas involved in the formation 
of the major Reformation, Protestant traditions and in the Catholic Reformation. Included are the 
ideas of the humanists of the Reformation Era. Alternate years. 

42 UNITED STATES SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL HISTORY TO 1877 

A study of the social and intellectual experience of the United States from its colonial antecedents 
through reconstruction. Among the topics considered are Puritanism, Transcendentalism, 
Community Life and Organization, Education and Social Reform Movements. Prerequisite: 2 
courses from History 12, 13, 28 or consent of instructor. 

43 UNITED STATES SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL HISTORY SINCE 1877 

A study of the social and intellectual experience of the United States from reconstruction to the 
present day. Among the topics considered are Social Darwinism, Pragmatism, Community Life 
and Organization, Education and Social Reform Movements. Prerequisite: 2 courses from History 
12, 13, 28, or consent of instructor. 

45 HISTORICAL METHODS 

This course focuses on the nature and meaning of history. It will open to the student different 
historical approaches and will provide the opportunity to explore these approaches in terms of 
particular topics and periods. Majors are required to enroll in this course in either their Junior or 
Senior year. The course is open to other students who have two courses in history or consent of 
the instructor. 



MATHEMATICS 

Associate Professor: Getchell (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: Feldmann, Henninger, Hubbard, Sausman 

Instructor: Lambert 

A major consists of ten courses numbered 10 or above; Mathematics 18-19, 20, 
34, and 35 and four other courses numbered above 20 must be included. 
Students seeking secondary certification in Mathematics are required to take 
Math 30 and 36 and are advised to take Philosophy 26. All majors are advised 
to elect Mathematics 24 and Philosophy 24 and 36. In addition to the courses 
listed below, internships and special courses are occasionally available — 
recent topics include: Data Structures, Theory of Numbers, History of 
Mathematics, Graph Theory, Discrete Probability and Integer Programming. 

1 INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICS 

An introduction to the following mathematics topics: Set theory, probability, analytic geometry, 
calculus, computer science. Since these subjects are explored in greater depth in later courses, 
taking this course may help a student in selecting additional mathematics courses. Open only 
to freshmen or consent of the instructor. 

3 INTRODUCTION TO CALCULUS 

An intuitive approach to the calculus concepts with applications to business, biology, and social 
science problems. Not open to students who have completed Math 18. 



MATHEMATICS 199 



6 ELEMENTARY GEOMETRY 

All aspects of Euclidean Geometry which are needed by elementary school teachers are covered 
in a modern, but informal, fashion. Subjects include: geometric objects, measurement, symmetry, 
similarity, parallels, and coordinate geometry. 

7 MATHEMATICS FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 

A study of content, objectives, materials, and methods of instruction Topics include a 
development of the real number system and its various subsystems, nondecimal arithmetic, 
geometry, probability, and algorithms for the four basic operations Observations of superior 
teachers in elementary school of the Greater Williamsport Area. Co-requisite: Education 20 or 
application to the elementary education program. 

12 FINITE MATHEMATICS FOR DECISION MAKING 

Matrix solution of systems of linear equations, linear programming, theory of games, Markov 
chains. 

13 INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS 

Describing distributions of measurements, probability and random variables, binomial and 
normal probability distributions, statistical inference from small samples, linear regression and 
correlation, analysis of enumerative data. Includes laboratory experience with the desk calculator. 

15 COMPUTER SCIENCE 

Study of mathematics relevant to computing. A survey of machine and symbolic programming. 
Introduction to FORTRAN IV programming. Includes laboratory experience on an IBM 1130. 

17 PRECALCULUS MATHEMATICS 

The study of logarithmic, exponential, trigonometric, polynomial and rational functions, their 
graphs and elementary properties. 

18-19 ANALYTIC GEOMETRY AND CALCULUS l-ll 

The study of the concepts of limits and continuity, differentiation and integration of algebraic and 
transcendental functions, maximum and minimum, related rates, polar coordinates, vectors, solid 
geometry, convergent and divergent series, partial differentiation, multiple integrals. Prerequisite: 
Math 17 or equivalent. 

20 CALCULUS III AND MATRIX ALGEBRA 

Further work in convergent and divergent series, matrix algebra, and selected topics. Prere- 
quisite: Mathematics 19. 

21 DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 

Methods of solving differential equations, including Laplace transforms, differential operators and 
variation of parameters. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20. 

24 FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 

Topics include the nature of mathematical systems, essentials of logical reasoning, axiomatic 
foundation of set theory, and transfinite induction. Prerequisite: Mathematics 18 or consent of 
instructor. 

30 TOPICS IN GEOMETRY 

An axiomatic treatment of Euclidean geometry, and an introduction to related geometries. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 18. Alternate years. 

31 INTRODUCTION TO NUMERICAL ANALYSIS 

Study and analysis of tabulated data leading to interpolation, numerical solution of equations and 
systems of equations, numerical integration. Co-requisite: Mathematics 21. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 15. Alternate years. 

32-33 MATHEMATIC STATISTICS l-ll 

A study of probability, discrete and continuous random variables, expected values and moments, 
sampling, point estimation, sampling distributions, interval estimation, test of hypotheses, 
regression and linear hypotheses, experimental design models. Prerequisite: Mathematics 19. 
Alternate years 



1001 MUSIC 



34 ABSTRACT ALGEBRA 

An introduction to groups, rings, and fields. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20 or 24. 

35 LINEAR ALGEBRA 

An introduction to vector spaces and linear transformations. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20 or 24. 

36 CONCEPTS OF MATHEMATICS IN SECONDARY EDUCATION 

A course designed for mathematics majors who are planning to teach at the secondary level. 
Emphasis will be placed on the mathematics that forms the foundation of secondary mathematics. 
Ideas will be presented to familiarize the student with various curriculum proposals, to provide 
for innovation within the existing curriculum and to expand the boundaries of the existing 
curriculum Prerequisite: Open only to junior and senior math majors enrolled in the secondary 
education program. 

40 APPLIED ANALYSIS 

Topics selected from vector analysis, tensors, matrices, partial differential equations and the 
calculus of variations. Prerequisite: Mathematics 21. Alternate years. 

41 INTRODUCTION TO TOPOLOGY 

An introduction to metric spaces, abstract topological spaces, mappings, separation, complete- 
ness, compactness, and connectedness Prerequisite: Mathematics 20. Alternate years. 

42 REAL ANALYSIS 

Construction of the real number system. A rigorous study of infinite series and continuity, 
differentiation and integration of real valued functions. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20. Alternate 
years. 

43 COMPLEX ANALYSIS 

Introduction to the complex number system, functions of a complex variable, transformations, 
analytic functions, and complex integration. Prerequisite: Mathematics 20. Alternate years. 



MUSIC 

Professor: Mclver, Morgan (Chairman) 
Associate Professor: Russell, Sheaffer 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 and above. Each major must 
complete one-half unit of applied music each semester as follows: participation 
in an ensemble (67, 68, 69), and three half-hour music lessons (60 to 66), or 
their equivalent. 

1-2 INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC 

A basic course designed to acquaint the student with the nature of music. Extensive guided 
listening is used to help the student develop his ability as a perceptive listener. 

10-11 MUSIC THEORY I AND II 

An integrated course in musicianship including sight singing, ear training, written and keyboard 
harmony. 

20-21 MUSIC THEORY III AND IV 

A continuation of the integrated course moving toward newer uses of musical materials. 
Prerequisite: Music 11. Alternate years. 

28 COUNTERPOINT 

A study of the five species in two, three, and four-part writing Alternate years. 

29 ORCHESTRATION 

A study of modern orchestral instruments, and examination of their use by the great masters with 
practical problems in instrumentation. Alternate years. 



MUSIC/ 101 



30 COMPOSITION 

Creative writing in smaller vocal and instrumental forms. The college musical organizations serve 
to make performance possible. Alternate years. 

31 CONDUCTING 

A study of the fundamentals of conducting with frequent opportunity for practical experience. 
Alternate years. 

32 ELECTRONIC MUSIC I 

The course involves learning the function and operational techniques of the components of an 
electronic music studio. The modules involved include tape recorders and signal generators. 
Tape recording techniques from the beginning stages through advanced use of quad-radial 
stereo sound are involved. In addition, the operation and understanding of various wave forms, 
individually and collectively, will be included. 

33 ELECTRONIC MUSIC II 
Continuation of Music 32. 

35 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE TO J.S. BACH 

A survey of the history of music from antiquity to the beginning of the 18th century with emphasis 
on nonmensural chant, the beginnings of harmony and counterpoint and their development. 
Prerequisite: Music 2. Alternate years. 

36 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF THE 18TH CENTURY 

Emphasizing the achievements of the late Baroque and largely concerned with the lives and works 
of Bach, Handel, Haydn, and Mozart. Prerequisite: Music 2. Alternate years. 

42 ELECTRONIC MUSIC III 

A continuation of the processes begun in Music 32 and 33 plus the addition of the study of and 
practice in the use of various methods of signal modification. Also included is the study of form 
in electronic music. Prerequisite: Music 33. 

43 ELECTRONIC MUSIC IV 

A study of mixing and equalization techniques as applied to multiple track electronic music 
composition. Prerequisite: Music 42. 

45 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF THE 19TH CENTURY 

A survey of the music of the 19th century, including study of Beethoven, Chopin, Schubert, 
Brahms, Wagner, and Debussy and their principal media and forms. Prerequisite: Music 2. 
Alternate years. 

46 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

The survey of music history culminates with the study of the works of such moderns as Stravinsky, 
Bartok, Prokofief, Shostakovich, Barber, Copland, Menotti, and Stockhausen. Attention is given 
to atonality and expressionism. Prerequisite: Music 2. Alternate years. 




102/ PHILOSOPHY 



APPLIED MUSIC 

The study of performance in Piano, Voice, Organ, Strings, Brass, Woodwinds, 
and Percussion is designed to develop sound technique and a knowledge of 
the appropriate literature. Student recitals offer opportunity to gain experience 
in performance. Music majors or other qualified students in performance may 
present formal recitals. 

Credit for Applied Music courses (Music 60 through 69) is earned on a fractional 
basis— SEE PAGE 58 for the fractional values involved. An Applied Music 
Course (60 series) should NOT be substituted for an academic course in a 
student's schedule but should be IN ADDITION TO the normal four academic 
courses taken per semester. 

Private Instruction In: 



60 


Piano 


62 Strings (Guitar and 


63 Organ 


65 Woodwinds 


61 


Voice 


Other Stringed Instruments) 


64 Brass 


66 Percussion 



67 PIANO ENSEMBLE 

A course designed to explore piano literature for four and eight hands. 

68 VOCAL ENSEMBLE 

A course designed to enable any student possessing at least average vocal talent to study choral 
technique. Emphasis is placed upon tone production, diction and phrasing. 

69 INSTRUMENTAL ENSEMBLE 

A course directed toward developing fine ensemble music through a study of group instrumental 
procedures. 



PHILOSOPHY 

Assistant Professor: Griffith, Herring (Chairman), Whelan 
Part-Time Instructor: Christopherson, McLaughlin 

The study of philosophy develops a critical understanding of the basic concepts 
and presuppositions around which we organize our thought in science, religion, 
education, morality, the arts, and other human enterprises. A major in 
philosophy, together with appropriate other courses, can provide an excellent 
preparation for policy-making positions of many kinds, for graduate study in 
several fields, and for careers in education, law, and the ministry. The major 
consists of at least eight courses numbered 10 or above, at least six of which 
must be numbered 20 or above. These courses must include Philosophy 32 or 
33, 34 or 35, and 49. In addition to the courses listed below, special courses 
and individual studies are available — recent topics include existentialism, 
Plato's ethics, philosophy in literature, metaethics, Schopenhauer, moral 
education, and Nietzsche. 

5 PRACTICAL LOGIC 

A general introduction to topics in logic and their applications to practical reasoning, with primary 
emphasis on detecting fallacies, evaluating inductive reasoning, and understanding the 
rudiments of scientific method. 



PHILOSOPHY! 103 



1 1 ALTERNATIVE WORLDVIEWS 

An introductory philosophical examination of some of the different ways man has attempted to 
understand the universe and his place in it, with particular attention to what might be called 
scientific, religious, and commonsense worldviews. Discussion centers on apparent conflicts 
between worldviews and ways philosophers have suggested to resolve these conflicts. 

12 THOUGHT, LANGUAGE, AND REALITY 

An introductory philosophical investigation of some of the conceptual issues suggested by the 
following questions: What is thought? Could a machine think? Do animals think? What is the 
relation between thought and language? Do our words adequately express our thoughts? Must 
children think in order to speak or must they speak in order to think? What is the relation between 
language and reality? Is any language adequate to describe the world? Does language determine 
our conception of the world? 

13 MIND, BODY, AND THE SELF 

An introductory philosophical examination of some problems concerning the nature of self. The 
following questions are usually considered: Is the self a physical or non-physical entity 9 Is the 
self determined or free? Could the self survive the death of the body? In what does the identity 
of the self consist? Discussion centers on some of the suggestions philosophers have made about 
how to answer these questions. 

14 CONTEMPORARY MORAL ISSUES 

An introductory philosophical examination of a number of contemporary moral issues which call 
for personal decision. Topics often discussed include these: the good life, obligation to others, 
sexual ethics, abortion, suicide and death, violence and pacificism, obedience to the law, the 
relevance of beliefs to morality. Discussion centers on some of the suggestions philosophers have 
made about how to answer these questions. 

15 ETHICS AND PUBLIC POLICY 

An introductory philosophical examination of the moral dimension of various contemporary public 
issues, such as scientific experimentation on humans, the use of scientific discoveries, the relation 
of ethics to politics and the law, the enforcement of morals, the problem of fair distn bution of goods 
and opportunities, the legitimacy of restricting the use of natural resources, and the application 
of ethics to business practice. Discussion centers on some of the suggestions philosophers have 
made about how to deal with these issues. 

20 ETHICAL THEORIES 

An inquiry concerning the grounds which distinguish morally right actions from morally wrong 
actions. Central to the course is critical consideration of the proposals and the rationale of 
relativists, egoists, utilitarians, and other ethical theorists. Prerequisite: One course in philosophy, 
or junior or senior standing. 

21 AESTHETICS 

A philosophical examination of the nature of art and aesthetic value and a consideration of some 
of the philosophical problems relating to various art-forms such as music, painting, poetry, and 
theatre. Some typical issues discussed are: What sort of reasons, if any, are appropriate in 
criticism? Are the arts kinds of language? Is censorship in the arts ever justifiable? Prerequisite: 
One course in philosophy, or junior or senior standing. Alternate years. 

22 SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 

Of central interest is the question of the relation between human nature and the proper social and 
political order. Emphasis is placed on an examination of the logic of social and political thought 
and on the analysis of key concepts such as power, authority, freedom, law, rights, justice, and 
social and political obligation. Prerequisite: One course in philosophy, or junior or senior standing. 

23 PHILOSOPHY OF SOCIAL SCIENCE 

An examination of some of the philosophical issues which arise when one considers the following 
question: How is the study of persons— some of whom are, at least potentially, rational agents 
—different from, and related to, the scientific study of other natural phenomena? Prerequisite: One 
course in philosophy, or junior or senior standing. Alternate years. 



104/ PHILOSOPHY 



24 PHILOSOPHY OF NATURAL SCIENCE 

A consideration of philosophically important conceptual problems arising from reflection about 
natural science, including such topics as the nature of scientific laws and theories, the character 
of explanation, the import of prediction, the existence of "non-observable" theoretical entities 
such as electrons and genes, the problem of justifying induction, and various puzzles associated 
with probability. Prerequisite: one course in philosophy, or junior or senior standing. Alternate 
years. 

25 PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION 

A philosophical examination of religion. Included are such topics as the nature of religious 
discourse, arguments for and against the existence of God, and the relation between religion and 
science. Readings from classical and contemporary sources. Prerequisite: One course in 
philosophy, or junior or senior standing. 

26 PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION 

An examination of the basic concepts involved in thought about education, and a consideration 
of the various methods for justifying educational proposals. Typical of the issues discussed are 
these: Are education and indoctrination different? Is there a role for authority in education? Are 
education and schooling compatible? What do we need to learn? Prerequisite: One course in 
philosophy, or junior or senior standing. 

32 ANCIENT GREEK METAPHYSICS AND EPISTEMOLOGY 

Primarily an examination of the metaphysical and epistemological views of Plato and Aristotle. 
Some attention is paid to the intellectual milieu out of which they developed. However, the main 
interest is on critically understanding philosophical issues raised in selected Platonic and 
Aristotelian texts. Prerequisite: Two courses in philosophy, or junior or senior standing. Alternate 
years. 

33 ANCIENT GREEK POLITICS AND ETHICS 

An examination of the political, ethical, cultural, and educational views of Socrates, Plato, and 
Aristotle. Considerable attention is paid to the relation between these ideas and the social and 
intellectual milieu out of which they developed. However, the primary emphasis is on critically 
understanding philosophical issues raised in selected Platonic and Aristotelian texts. Prere- 
quisite: Two courses in philosophy, or junior or senior standing. Alternate years. 

34 CONTINENTAL RATIONALISM 

An examination of the philosophical views of the continental rationalists, with primary emphasis 
on the works of Descartes. In addition, the works of other rationalists, such as Spinoza and Leibniz, 
are usually discussed. Prerequisite: Two courses in philosophy, or junior or senior standing. 
Alternate years. 

35 BRITISH EMPIRICISM AND KANT 

An examination of the philosophical views of the British empiricists, such as Locke, Berkeley, and 
Hume, and of Kant's response to these views. Prerequisite: Two courses in philosophy, or junior 
or senior standing. Alternate years. 

36 SYMBOLIC LOGIC 

A study of modern symbolic logic, including truth-functional logic, the logic of propositional 
functions, and deductive systems. Attention is also given to various topics in the philosophy of 
logic. Alternate years. 

37 PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE 

A careful examination of several of the philosophically important topics related to the existence 
and use of language, including meaning, reference, definition, synonymity, analyticity, truth, and 
speech acts. Prerequisite: Two courses in philosophy, or junior or senior standing. Alternate years. 

49 DEPARTMENTAL SEMINAR 

An investigation, carried on by discussions and papers, into one philosophical problem, text, 
philosopher, or movement. A different topic is selected each semester; recent topics include 
Sidgwick's ethics, religious language, Kierkegaard, legal punishment, and Wittgenstein. This 
seminar is designed to provide junior and senior philosophy majors and other qualified students 
with more than the usual opportunity for concentrated and cooperative inquiry. Prerequisite: 
Consent of the instructor. This seminar may be repeated for credit. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE/ 105 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Associate Professor: Burch (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Phillips, Vargo, Whitehill 

1 PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Coeducational physical education classes. Basic instructions in fundamentals, knowledge, and 
appreciation of sports that include swimming, tennis, bowling, volleyball, archery, field hockey, 
soccer, golf, badminton, modern dance, skiing, elementary games (for elementary teachers), 
toneastics, physical fitness, and other activities. Orienteering backpacking, cross country skiing, 
alpine skiing, jogging, and cycling are offered on a contract basis. Beginning swimming is required 
for all nonswimmers. Students may select any activity offered. A reasonable degree of proficiency 
is required of the student in the activities in which he chooses to participate. Emphasis is on the 
potential use of activities as recreational and leisure-time interests. Two semesters of physical 
education (two hours per week) are required. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Professor: Jose 

Associate Professor: Giglio (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Roskin 
Instructor: Herman 

The major is designed to provide a systematic understanding of government 
and politics at the international, national, state, and local levels. Majors are 
encouraged to develop their faculties to make independent, objective analysis 
which can be applied to the broad spectrum of the social sciences. 

Although the political science major is not designed as a vocational major, 
students with such training may go directly into government service, journalism, 
teaching, or private administrative agencies. A political science major can 
provide the base for the study of law, or for graduate studies leading to 
administrative work in federal, state, or local government, international organiza- 
tions, or college teaching. Students seeking certification to teach secondary 
school social studies may major in political science but should consult their 
advisors and the education department. Washington National and International 
Semesters are sponsored at the American University and a United Nations 
Semester at Drew University. 

A major consists of eight political science courses, including Political Science 
1 5 and at least one course in each of the five areas (A to E) below. To encourage 
familiarity with other social sciences, at least two courses must be completed 
from the following: American Studies 10; Business 35 and 36 (recommended 
for pre-law); Economics 10, 11, 32, 45; History 24, 32, 33, 34; Philosophy 22; 
Sociology and Anthropology 26, 38. 

15 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICS 

The behavior and misbehavior of the political animal, man. Why he forms political communities, 
how he may improve them, and how he may destroy them. Required of all political science majors; 
open to a limited number of other interested students. 



106/ POLITICAL SCIENCE 



A. AMERICAN GOVERNMENT 

10 GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS IN THE UNITED STATES 

An introduction to American national government which emphasizes both structural-functional 
analysis and policymaking processes. In addition to the legislative, executive and judicial 
branches of government, attention will be given to political parties and interest groups, elections 
and voting behavior, and constitutional rights. Recommended to all Social Science Education 
majors and to those students who have had inadequate or insufficient preparation in American 
government. 

1 1 STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT 

An examination of the general principles, major problems, and political processes of the states 
and their subdivisions, together with their role in a federal type of government. 

30 THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM 

An analysis of the Supreme Court in the American system of government with some attention paid 
to judicial decisionmaking. Topics include: judicial review, federalism, constitutional limits on 
legislative and executive powers, elections and representation. 

31 CIVIL RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES 

What are our rights and liberties as Americans 7 What should they be? A frank discussion of the 
nature and scope of the constitutional guarantees, First Amendment rights, the rights of criminal 
suspects and defendants, racial and sexual equality, and equal protection of the laws. Students 
will read and brief the more important Supreme Court decisions. 

33 BUREAUCRACY AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 

What is a bureaucracy? Why and how do bureaucracies arise? What has been the political impact 
of growth of bureaucracy in government? These questions, among others, will be considered in 
this examination of public bureaucracies. Alternate years. 

B. AMERICAN POLITICS 

22 POLITICAL PARTIES AND INTEREST GROUPS 

An examination of the history, organization, functions, and methods of American political parties. 
Special attention is devoted to the role of organized interest groups in the political process. 

23 AMERICAN PRESIDENCY 

A study of the office and powers of the president with analysis of his major roles as chief 
administrator, legislator, political leader, foreign policy maker, and commander-in-chief. Special 
attention is given to those presidents who led the nation boldly. 

24 THE LEGISLATIVE PROCESS 

A study of the role of the legislature in the framework of the national and state governments. 
Consideration of the influence of the parties, pressure groups, public opinion, constituencies, the 
"committee system", the "administration" and the constitution in the lawmaking process. Alternate 
years. 

32 THE POLITICS OF CITIES AND SUBURBS 

An examination of the history, legal basis, power, forms, services, and problems of the cities and 

their suburbs, with special reference to current experiments in the solution of the problems of 

metropolitan areas. 

C. POLITICAL THEORY 

35 LAW AND SOCIETY 

An examination into the nature, sources, functions, and limits of law as an instrument of political 

and social control. Included for discussion are legal problems pertaining to the family, crime, 

deviant behavior, poverty, and minority groups. Alternate years. 

46 CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES 

The growth, development and current status of liberalism, conservatism, nationalism, socialism, 
communism, and fascism. Alternate years. 

47 THE AMERICAN POLITICAL TRADITION 

An examination of the significant ideas which have shaped the American political tradition from 
their European origins to the present, with emphasis on the influence of these ideas in the 
development of American democracy. Special attention will be paid to an analysis of contem- 
porary ideological movements: Black Power, New Left, and Radical Feminism. Alternate years. 



PSYCHOLOGY/ 107 



D. COMPARATIVE POLITICS 
20 EUROPEAN POLITICS 

A study of the political systems of East and West Europe with emphasis on comparison and 
patterns of government. The course will review politics in Northern (Britain, West Germany, 
Sweden), Latin (France, Italy, Spain) and Eastern (Soviet Union, East Germany, Yugoslavia) 
Europe and attempt to find underlying similarities and differences. 

36 THE SOVIET POLITICAL SYSTEM 

The political theory and practice of the Soviet Union, including some comparison with other 
Communist states such as China and Yugoslavia. Alternate years.. 

38 POLITICS OF DEVELOPING AREAS 

The causes and possible cures for socio-political backwardness in Asia, Africa, and Latin 
America. Alternate years. 

E. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 
25 WORLD POLITICS 

Why is there war? An introduction to international relations with emphasis on the varieties of 
conflicts which may grow into war. 

37 COMMUNIST STRATEGIES AND TACTICS 

The foreign policies of the various Communist states; the breakup of monolithic communism into 
national-interest communism as practiced by the Soviet Union, China, Romania, and Yugoslavia. 
Alternate years. 

39 AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY 

The U.S. role in the world in geographic, strategic, historical, and ideological perspectives, plus 
an examination of the domestic forces shaping U.S. policy. Alternate years. 

43 INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION 

An examination of structure and function of the League of Nations and particularly the United 
Nations with emphasis on activities related to the maintenance of international peace and security. 
Alternate years. 



PSYCHOLOGY 

Associate Professor: Hancock, Loomis (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Brittain, Catt, O'Brien 

A major consists of Psychology 10, 20, 21, 22, and four other psychology 
courses. Mathematics 13 is also required. In addition to the departmental 
requirements, majors are urged to include courses in Animal Physiology, 
Sociology, and the Mathematics option of the distriPution requirements. 

10 INTRODUCTORY PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the empirical study of human and other animal behavior. Areas considered may 
include: learning, personality, social, physiological, sensory, cognition, and developmental. 

15 ORGANIZATIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY 

The application of the principles and methods of psychology to selected organizational and 
industrial situations. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

16 ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the patterns of deviant behavior with emphasis on cause, function, and 
treatment. The various models for the conceptualization of abnormal behavior are critically 
examined. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 



108/ PSYCHOLOGY 



20 SENSORY EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

The examination of psychophysical methodology and basic neurophysiological methods as they 
are applied to the understanding of sensory processes. Prerequisite: Psychology 10; 
Mathematics 13. 

21 LEARNING EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

Learning processes. The examination of the basic methods and principles of animal and human 
learning. Prerequisite: Psychology 10; Mathematics 13. 

22 PERSONALITY THEORY 

Theories of Personality. A comparison of different theoretical views on the development and 
functioning of personality Examined in detail are three general viewpoints of personality: 
psychoanalytic, stimulus-response (behavioristic), and phenomenological. Prerequisite: Psy- 
chology 10. 

30 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An examination of behavior in social contexts including motivation, perception, group processes 
and leadership, attitudes, and methods of research. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

31 DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

A study of the basic principles of early human growth and development. Prerequisite: Psychology 
10. 

32 ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY 

The study areas will include theories of adolescence; current issues raised by as well as about 
the "generation of youth"; research findings bearing on theories and issues of growth beyond 
childhood; and self-exploration. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

33 PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the physiological psychologist's method of approach to the understanding of 
behavior as well as the set of principles that relate the function and organization of the nervous 
system to the phenomena of behavior. The course emphasis is on the relationship between brain 
function and the physiological bases of learning, perception, and motivation. Laboratory 
experience includes both behavioral testing and basic small-animal neurosurgical technique as 
well as histological methodology. Prerequisite: Psychology 20 or Biology 23, and Mathematics 
13. 

34 PRINCIPLES OF MEASUREMENT 

Psychometric method and theory, including scale transformation, norms, standardization, 
validation procedures and estimation of reliability. Prerequisite: Psychology 10, Mathematics 13. 

35 HISTORY AND SYSTEMS OF PSYCHOLOGY 

The growth of scientific psychology and the theories and systems that have accompanied its 
development. Prerequisite: 4 courses in Psychology. 

37 COGNITION 

An investigation of human mental processes along the two major dimensions of directed and 
undirected thought. Topic areas include: recognition, attention, conceptualization, problem- 
solving, fantasy, language, dreaming, and creativity. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

38 EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the empirical study of the teaching-learning process. Areas considered may 
include educational objectives, pupil and teacher characteristics, concept learning, problem 
solving and creativity, attitudes and values, motivation, retention and transfer, and evaluation and 
measurement. Prerequisite: Psychology 10 or consent of instructor. 

39 BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION 

A detailed examination of the applied analysis of behavior. Focus will be on the application of 
experimental method to the individual clinical case. The course will cover targeting behavior, 
base-rating, intervention strategies and outcome evaluation. Learning based modification 
techniques such as contingency management, counter-conditioning, extinction, discrimination 
training, aversive conditioning and negative practice will be examined. Prerequisite: Psychology 
21. 



RELIGION/ 109 



40 ADVANCED EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN 

Consideration of a variety of designs currently used in Psychology with emphasis on the 
appropriate statistical analyses. Prerequisite: Psychology 20 and 21 . 

48-49 PRACTICUM IN PSYCHOLOGY 

An off-campus involvement in the application of psychological skills and principles in institutional 
settings. The experience includes training in behavior modification and traditional counseling 
techniques as applied in prisons, mental health centers, and schools for the mentally retarded. 
Classroom training focuses on various therapeutic techniques and on the student's under- 
standing of himself in the counselor role. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 



RELIGION 

Professor: Guerra, Rhodes 

Assistant Professor: Hughes (Chairman) 

A major consists of ten courses including 11, 12, 13, and 14. At least seven 
courses must be taken in the department. The following courses may be 
counted toward fulfilling the major requirements: Greek 1 1 and 12, Hebrew 1 1 
and 12, History 39 and 41, Philosophy 25, and Sociology 33. 

11 DEATH AND DYING 

A study of death from personal, social, and universal standpoints, with emphasis upon what the 
dying may teach the living. Principal issues are the stages of dying, bereavement, suicide, funeral 
conduct, and the religious doctrines of death and immortality. Course includes, as optional, 
practical projects with terminal patients under professional supervision. 

12 RELIGION AND THE SPIRIT OF SCIENCE 

A comparison of the approaches taken by religion and science towards such topics as: evolution, 
psychic phenomena, primitive creation myths, modern astronomy, depth psychology, and the 
concept of "revelation." The role of "faith," "fact," and "intuition" in each discipline will be 
examined. Scientists, engineers, and technicians will be invited to share their views informally with 
the class. 

13 OLD TESTAMENT FAITH AND HISTORY 

A critical examination of the literature within its historical setting and in the light of archeological 
findings to show the faith and religious life of the Hebrew-Jewish community in the biblical period, 
and an introduction to the history of interpretation with an emphasis on contemporary Old 
Testament criticism and theology. 

14 NEW TESTAMENT FAITH AND HISTORY 

A critical examination of the literature within its historical setting to show the faith and religious 
life of the Christian community in the biblical period, and an introduction to the history of 
interpretation with an emphasis on contemporary New Testament criticism and theology. 

22 PROTESTANTISM IN THE MODERN WORLD 

An examination of changing Protestant thought and life from Luther to the present, against the 
backdrop of a culture itself rapidly changing from the Seventeenth century scientific revolution 
to Marxism, Darwinism, and depth psychology. Special attention will be paid to the constant 
interaction between Protestantism and the world in which it finds itself. 

23 AFRICAN RELIGIONS 

An examination of the integrated life of the Black man in Africa before it was altered by Western 
imperialism. We will emphasize the "religious" side of the African's life, examining the way in which 
it is interwoven with his daily activities, from before his birth to after his death. Some attention will 
be given to Western influences on this traditional lifestyle. 

24 JUDAISM AND ISLAM 

An examination of the rise, growth, and expansion of Judaism and Islam, with special attention 
given to the theological contents of the literatures of these religions as far as they are normative 
in matters of faith, practice, and organization. Also a review of their contributions to the spiritual 
heritage of mankind 



110/ RELIGION 



25 ORIENTAL RELIGION 

A phenomenology of the formative forces and concepts of Indian, Chinese, and Japanese 
religions; special attention devoted to social and political relations, mythical and aesthetic forms. 
East and West encounter. 

28 HISTORY AND CULTURE OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST 

A study of the history and culture of Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Syria-Palestine, and Egypt, from the 
rise of Sumerian culture to Alexander the Great. Careful attention will be given to the religious 
views prevalent in the Ancient Near East as far as these views interacted with the culture and faith 
of Biblical man. 

30 PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION 

A study of the broad insights of psychology in relation to the phenomena of religion and religious 
behavior. The course concentrates on religious experience or manifestations rather than on 
concepts. Tentative solutions will be sought to questions such as: What does it feel like to be 
religious or to have a religious experience? What is the religious function in human development? 
How does one think psychologically about theological problems? 

31 CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ETHICS 

An unfolding of ethics as horizon, engagement, destiny; and interdisciplinary theoretical study 
closely related to the practical problems of violence and power, racism and revolution, 
assassination and authority. 

32 CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS IN CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ETHICS 

An examination of the approach of religion and other disciplines to an issue of current concern; 
prospective topics include the ethics of violence, the social thought of Jacques Ellul, and the 
ethics of genetic control. The course may be repeated for credit. 

33 ROMAN CATHOLIC THOUGHT 

The development of Thomism, Neo-Thomism, and Transcendental Thomism; limited attention 
given to pastoral and ecclesiological issues in the post-conciliar era after Vatican II. 

37 BIBLICAL TOPICS 

An in-depth study of Biblical topics related both to the Old Testament and the New Testament. 
Topics include prophecy, wisdom literature, the Dead Sea Scrolls, the teachings of Jesus, Pauline 
theology, Judaism and Christian origins, redaction criticism — the way the Synoptic Gospels and 
John give final form to their message. Course will vary from year to year and may be taken for 
credit a second time if the topic is different from one previously studied. 

41 CONTEMPORARY RELIGIOUS ISSUES 

A study of the theological significance of some contemporary intellectual developments in 
western culture. The content of this course will vary from year to year. Subjects studied in recent 
years include the following: the theological significance of Freud, Marx, and Nietzche; Christianity 
and existentialism; theology and depth psychology; and the religious dimension of contemporary 
literature 

42 THE NATURE AND MISSION OF THE CHURCH 

A study of the nature of the church and its mission in contemporary society including an analysis 
of the role of the church and an examination of ways of renewal. 

43 THE EDUCATIONAL MINISTRY OF THE CHURCH 

A study of religious education as a function of the church with special attention given to the nature 
and objectives of Christian education, methods of teaching religion, and the relations between 
faith and learning. 

46 BIBLE, ARCHEOLOGY, AND FAITH 

A study of the role of archeology in reconstructing the world in which the Biblical literature 
originated, with special attention given to archeological results that throw light on the clarification 
of the Biblical text. Also an introduction to basic archeological method, and a study in depth of 
several representative excavations along with the artifacts and material culture recovered from 
different historical periods. 



SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY I 111 



SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY 

Professor: McCrary 

Assistant Professor: Jo, Wilk (Chairman) 

Instructor: Rux, Strauser 

A major consists of Sociology-Anthropology 10, 14, 16, 44, 47 and three other 
courses within the department with the exception of 1 5, 23. Religion 46 may also 
be counted toward the major. Sociology-Anthropology majors are encouraged 
to participate in the internship program. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY 

An introduction to the problems, concepts, and methods in sociology today, including analysis 
of stratification, organization of groups and institutions, social movements, and deviants in social 
structure. 

14 INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY 

An introduction to the subfields of anthropology; its subject matter, methodology, and goals. 
Examination of biological and cultural evolution, the fossil evidence for human evolution and 
questions raised in relation to human evolution. Other topics include race, human nature, primate 
behavior, and prehistoric cultural development. 

15 INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM 

An introduction to the role of law enforcement, courts, and corrections in the administration of 
justice; the historical development of police, courts and corrections; jurisdiction and procedures 
of courts; an introduction to the studies, literature, and research in criminal justice; careers in 
criminal justice. 

16 CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY 

An examination of cultural and social anthropology designed to familiarize the student with the 
analytical approaches to the diverse cultures of the world. The relevancy of cultural anthropology 
for an understanding of the human condition will be stressed. Topics to be covered include: the 
nature of primitive societies in contrast to civilizations, the concept of culture and cultural 
relativism, the individual and culture, the social patterning of behavior and social control, an 
anthropological perspective on the culture of the United States. 

20 MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY 

The history, structure, and functions of modern American family life, emphasizing dating, 
courtship, factors in marital adjustment, and the changing status of family members. Prerequisite: 
Sociology-Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

21 JUVENILE DELINQUENCY 

A multidisciplinary approach to the study of the constellation of factors that relate to juvenile 
delinquency causation, handling the juvenile delinquent in the criminal justice system, treatment 
strategies, prevention and community responsibility. 

22 PEOPLES AND CULTURES OF MEXICO 

Examination of the diverse cultures of Mesoamerica from preconquest indigenous peoples to 
modern Mexican state, including the rise and fall of Aztec and Maya civilization, transformation 
from primitive agriculturalist to peasant, concepts of folk society and culture of poverty; an 
analysis of contemporary problems of rural Mexico and the role of peasants in modern 
revolutionary movements. Offered at least once every three years. 

23 INTRODUCTION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT 

Principles, theories and doctrines of the law of crimes, elements in crime, analysis of criminal 
investigation, important case law. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 15 or consent of 
instructor. 

24 RURAL AND URBAN COMMUNITIES 

The concept of community is treated as it operates and affects individual and group behavior in 
rural, suburban, and urban settings. Emphasis is placed upon characteristic institutions and 
problems of modern city life. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 



1121 SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY 



26 SOCIAL MOVEMENTS 

An analysis of the dynamics, structure, and reaction to social movements with focus on 
contemporary social movements. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

27 SOCIALIZATION THROUGH THE LIFE SPAN 

Examination of the relationship between the individual and society in the development of behavior 
potentials of groups aand cultures. The course will study the continual process of learning how 
to be "human" which occurs throughout the life span. A cross cultural approach is utilized to 
examine the process of acquisition of skills, motives, and attitudes necessary for role performance 
in childhood, adolescence, with an emphasis on young adulthood, adulthood, middle age, and 
old age. Life span developmental theory will be used in conjunction with socialization theory and 
role theory. Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

28 AGING AND SOCIETY 

Analysis of cross cultural characteristics of the aged as individuals and as members of groups. 
Emphasis is placed upon variables: health, housing, socio-economic status, personal adjust- 
ment, retirement and social participation. Sociological, social psychological and anthropological 
frames of reference utilized in analysis and description of aging and its relationship to society, 
culture, and personality. 

29 TWENTIETH CENTURY CHINESE SOCIETY 

An analysis of the interaction between the individual and society undergoing rapid social change 
in the Chinese cultural context. Topics include Confucian examination system and social mobility, 
the traditional Chinese village and family, origins of Chinese Marxism and how it has been 
implemented in social institutions of The People's Republic of China. Alternate years. 

30 CRIMINOLOGY 

Analysis of the sociology of law, conditions under which criminal laws develop, etiology of crime, 
epidemiology of crime including explanation of statistical distribution of criminal behavior in terms 
of time, space, and social location. 

31 SOCIOLOGY OF WOMEN 

A sociological examination of the role of women in American society through an analysis of the 
social institutions which affect their development. Role analysis theory will be applied to the past, 
present and future experience of women as it relates to the role options of the society as a whole. 
Students will do an original research project on the role of women as part of the requirements for 
the course. Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 10. Alternate years. 

32 INSTITUTIONS 

Introduces the student to the sociological concept of social institution, the types of social 
institutions to be found in all societies, and the interrelationships between the social institutions 
within a society. The course is divided into two basic parts: 1. That aspect which deals with the 
systematic organization of society in general, and 2. The concentration on a particular social 
institution: economic, political, educational, and social welfare. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or 
consent of instructor. 

33 SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION 

An examination of the major theories of the relationship of religion to society, and a survey of 
sociological studies of religious behavior. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 

34 RACIAL AND CULTURAL MINORITIES 

Study of racial, cultural and national groups within framework of American cultural values. Culture 
conflict and its resolution will be examined for selected minority groups. 

35 CULTURE AND PERSONALITY 

Introduction to psychological anthropology, its theory and methodologies. Emphasis will be 
placed on the relationship between individual and culture, national character, cognition and 
culture, culture and mental disorders, and cross cultural considerations of the concept of self 
Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 1 6 or consent of instructor. Offered at least once every three 
years. 



SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY I 113 



36 THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF PRIMITIVE RELIGIONS 

The course will familiarize the student with the wealth of anthropological data on the religions and 
world views developed by primitive peoples. The functions of primitive religion in regard to the 
individual, society and various cultural institutions will be examined. Subjects to be surveyed 
include myth, witchcraft, vision quests, spirit possession, the cultural use of dreams and 
revitalization movements. Particular emphasis will be given to shamanism, transcultural religious 
experience, and the creation of cultural realities through religions. Both a social scientific and 
existentialist perspective will be employed. Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 16 or consent 
of instructor. Alternate years. 

37 THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF AMERICAN INDIANS 

An ethnographic survey of native North American Indian and Eskimo cultures, such as the 
Iroquois, Plains Indians, Pueblos, Kwakiutl, and Netsilik. Changes in native lifeways due to 
European contacts and United States expansion will be considered. Recent cultural develop- 
ments among American Indians will be placed in an anthropological perspective. Offered at least 
once every three years. 

38 LEGAL AND POLITICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 

The course is designed to familiarize the student with the techniques of conflict resolution and 
the utilization of public power in primitive society as well as the various theories of primitive law 
and government. The rise of the state and an anthropological perspective on modern law and 
government will be included. The concepts of self-regulation and social control, legitimacy, 
coercion, and exploitation will be the organizing focus. Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 16 
or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

39 THE AMERICAN PRISON SYSTEM 

Nature and history of punishment, evolution of the prison and prison methods with emphasis on 
prison community, prison architecture, institutional programs, inmate rights and sentences. 
Review of punishment vs treatment, detention facilities, jails, reformatories, prison organization 
and administration, custody and discipline. Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 15. 

41 SOCIAL STRATIFICATION 

An analysis of the nature of stratification systems, with special reference to American social 
structure. Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

42 INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL WORK 

Consideration of basic social work concepts, principles and techniques of interviewing, individual 
case work, group work, and community; development of skills and techniques of social work 
applied to the correctional setting. Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 10 or consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

43 ALTERNATIVE LIFE STYLES 

Analysis of new life styles in American Society: life styles of minority groups and others who are 
considered by society to be nonconforming. Examination of the challenges to conformity and 
ramifications of nonconformity in American Society. Will include an inquiry into behavior which 
has historically been labeled deviant covering such topics as: mental illness, addiction to alcohol 
and narcotics, homosexuality, and prostitution. Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 10 or 
consent of instructor. 

44 SOCIAL THEORY 

The history of the development of sociological thought from its earliest philosophical beginnings 
is treated through discussions and reports. Emphasis is placed upon sociological thought since 
the time of Comte. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

45 ANTHROPOLOGICAL THEORY 

The history of the development of anthropological thought from the eighteenth century to the 
present. Emphasis is placed upon anthropological thought since 1850. Topics include evolu- 
tionism, historical-particularism, cultural idealism, cultural materialism, functionalism, struc- 
turalism and ethnoscience. Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 16 or consent of instructor. 
Offered at least once every three years. 



114/ SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY 



47 RESEARCH METHODS IN SOCIOLOGY-ANTHROPOLOGY 

Study of the research process in sociology and anthropology, including formation of research 
design (theory, methodology, and techniques), and practical application in the investigation of 
a research problem. Prerequisite: Mathematics 13 and Sociology-Anthropology 10 or consent of 
instructor. 

48-49 PRACTICUM IN SOCIOLOGY 

Introduces the student to a practical work experience involving community agencies in order to 
effect a synthesis of the student's academic course work and its practical applications in a 
community agency Specifics of the course to be worked out in conjunction with department, 
student and agency. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 




THEATRE 1115 



THEATRE 

Professor: Falk (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Dartt 
Part-Time Instructor: Zavisca 

The major consists of eight courses, except Theatre 1 , with a concentration in 
Acting, Directing, or Design. The Fine Arts requirement may be satisfied by 
selecting any two courses, except Theatre 1. In addition to the departmental 
requirements, majors are urged to include courses in Art, Music, Psychology, 
and English. 

1 FUNDAMENTALS OF ORAL COMMUNICATION 

The dynamics of oral communication. The development of elementary principles of simple oral 
communication through lectures, prepared assignments in speaking, and informal class 
exercises. Utilizes video tape sequences for "instant feedback" to students. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO THEATRE 

Designed as a comprehensive introduction to the aesthetics of theatre. From the spectator's point 
of view, the nature of theatre will be explored including dramatic literature and the integrated 
functioning of acting, directing, and all production aspects. 

1 1 INTRODUCTION TO FILM 

A basic course in understanding the film medium. The class will investigate film technique through 
lectures and by viewing regular weekly films chosen from classic, contemporary, and experimen- 
tal short films. 

12 HISTORY OF THEATRE I 

A detailed study of the development of theatre from the Greeks to the Restoration. Alternate years. 

13 HISTORY OF THEATRE II 

The history of the theatre from 1660. Alternate years. 

14 ORAL INTERPRETATION OF LITERATURE 

The fundamental principles and methods of oral reading and the interpretation of literature are 
introduced. Materials will be chosen from poetry, prose, the novel, and drama. Alternate years. 

15 PLAYWRITING AND DRAMATIC CRITICISM 

An investigation of the techniques of playwriting with an emphasis on creative writing, culminating 
in a written one-act play, plus an historical survey of dramatic criticism fromAristotle to the present, 
with emphasis upon developing the student's ability to write reviews and criticism of theatrical 
productions and films. Alternate years. 

18 PLAY PRODUCTION FOR COMMUNITY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS 

Stagecraft and the various other aspects of play production are introduced. Through material 
presented in the course and laboratory work on the Arena Theatre stage, the student will acquire 
experience to produce theatrical scenery for community and secondary school theatre. 

20 CREATIVE DRAMA FOR CHILDREN 

Designed especially for those intending to be teachers, this course explores the dramatic 
possibilities of creative playmaking for children on all grade levels. Special emphasis is placed 
on story telling, dramatization, pantomime, and dramatic play. 

24 INTRODUCTION TO ACTING 

An introductory study of the actor's preparation, with emphasis on developing the actor's creative 
imagination through improvisations and scene study. 

26 INTRODUCTION TO DIRECTING 

An introductory study of the function of the director in preparation, rehearsal, and performance. 
Emphasis is placed on developing the student's ability to analyze scripts and on the development 
of the student's imagination. 



116 /THEATRE 



28 INTRODUCTION TO SCENE DESIGN AND STAGECRAFT 

An introduction to the theatre with an emphasis on stagecraft. The productions each semester 
serve as the laboratory to provide the practical experience necessary to understand the material 
presented in the classroom. 

29 MARIONETTE PRODUCTION 

Introduces the construction, costuming, and performing of a play through the medium of string 
puppets. Alternate years. 

31 ADVANCED TECHNIQUES OF PLAY PRODUCTION 

A detailed consideration of the interrelated problems and techniques of play analysis, production 
styles, and design. Offered summer only. 

34 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: ACTING 

Instruction and practice in character analysis and projection, with emphasis on vocal and body 
techniques. 

35 THEORIES OF THE MODERN THEATRE 

An advanced course exploring the philosophical roots of the modern theatre from the birth of 
realism to the present, and the influences on modern theatre practice. Selected readings from 
Neitzsche, Marx, Jung, Freud, Whitehead, Kierkegaard, Sarte, Camus, as well as Antoine. 
Copeau, Stanislavski, Shaw, Meyerhold, Artaud, Brecht, Brook, Grotowski. Alternate years. 

36 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: DIRECTING 

Emphasis is placed on the student's ability to function in preparation and rehearsal. Practical 
experience involves the directing of scenes from contemporary theatre. 

38 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: SCENE AND LIGHTING DESIGN 

The theory of stage and lighting design with emphasis on their practical application to the theatre. 

40 MASTERS OF WORLD DRAMA 

An intensive and detailed analysis of the plays, and related works, including criticism of great 
authors, that have shaped world theatre. Authors to be selected on the basis of interest of students 
and faculty. At times, more than one author will be treated in a term. Ibsen, Brecht, Moliere, 
Williams, Albee. Alternate years. May be accepted toward English major with consent of English 
Department. 

44 ADVANCED STUDIO: ACTING 

Preparation of monologues and two-character scenes. Contemporary and classical. The student 
will appear in major campus productions. 

46 ADVANCED STUDIO: DIRECTING 

Emphasis will be placed on the student's ability to produce a major three-act play from the script 
to the stage for public performance 

48 ADVANCED STUDIO: DESIGN 

Independent work in conceptual and practical design. The student will design one full production 
as his major project. 

49 ADVANCED STUDIO: PROPERTIES AND COSTUME DESIGN 

The theory of stage costume and property design and its practical application to the theatre. 
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 



COLLEGE PERSONNEL 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



OFFICERS 

Fred A. Pennington Chairman 

W. Gibbs McKenney, Jr Vice-Chairman 

Paul G. Gilmore Secretary 

Kenneth E. Himes Treasurer 



HONORARY TRUSTEES 

John G. Detwiler Delray Beach, FL 

Bishop Hermann W. Kaebnick, D.D., L.H.D., LL.D Hershey 

Ralph E. Kelchner Jersey Shore 

Arnold A. Phipps, II Williamsport 

George L. Stearns, II Williamsport 

The Rev. L. Elbert Wilson Orlando, FL 



TRUSTEES 

Term Expires 1976 

Elected 

1974 John T. Detwiler Williamsport 

1948 Frank L. Dunham* Wellsboro 

1970 Walter T. Dunston, D.D.S Philadelphia 

1951 Paul G. Gilmore Williamsport 

1973 Robert G. Little, M.D Harrisburg 

(Alumni Representative) 

1964 W. Gibbs McKenney, Jr Baltimore, MD 

1973 G. Jackson Miller Altoona 

1972 The Rev. Paul E. Myers, D.D Hershey 

1958 Fred A Pennington Mechanicsburg 

1961 The Rev. Wallace F. Stettler, HH.D Kingston 

1970 William E. Strasburg, Litt.D Gwynedd Valley 



'Deceased June 12, 1975 

117 



118/ BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



Term Expires 1977 

Elected 

1974 J. Robert Fahnestock Williamsport 

1974 Daniel G. Fultz Pittsford, NY 

(Alumni Representative) 

1974 Mrs. Fred S. Gorman York 

1965 James G. Law Bloomsburg 

1971 The Rev. Harvey W. Marsland Allentown 

1970 John E. Person, Jr Williamsport 

1965 Hon. Herman T. Schneebeli Williamsport 

1972 Donald E. Shearer, M.D Montoursville 

1961 Nathan W. Stuart, J.D Williamsport 

1971 Willis W. Willard, III, M.D Hershey 

1958 W. Russell Zacharias Allentown 



Term Expires 1978 

Elected 

1975 Susan J. Albert, Ed.D Williamsburg, VA 

(Alumni Representative) 

1969 Richard R. Cramer, D.D.S Hershey 

1973 Guy M. Davies Lancaster 

1969 Samuel H. Evert Bloomsburg 

1972 The Rev. Brian A. Fetterman Harrisburg 

1965 Walter J. Heim Montoursville 

1969 Kenneth E. Himes Williamsport 

1970 Woodrow A. Knight Williamsport 

1972 John W. Lundy Williamsport 

1969 Mrs. Donald G. Remley Williamsport 

1972 Harold H. Shreckengast, Jr Jenkintown 

1967 The Rev. Donald H. Treese Carlisle 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

Walter J. Heim, Chairman 



Richard R. Cramer 

Guy M. Davies 

John T. Detwiler 

Samuel H. Evert 

The Rev. Brian A. Fetterman 

Paul G. Gilmore 

Woodrow A. Knight 



W. Gibbs McKenney, Jr. 
John E. Person, Jr. 
Mrs. Donald G. Remley 
Harold H. Shreckengast, Jr. 
William E. Strasburg 
Nathan W. Stuart 
W. Russell Zacharias 



ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF 



HAROLD H. HUTSON (1969) President 

B.A., LL.D., Wofford College; B.D., Duke University; 

Ph.D., University of Chicago; L.H.D., Ohio Wesleyan 
JAMES R. JOSE (1970) Dean of the College 

B.A., Mount Union College; M.A., Ph.D., The American University 
JACK C. BUCKLE (1957) Dean of Student Services 

A.B., Juniata College; M.S., Syracuse University 
KENNETH E. HIMES (1948) Treasurer 

B.S., Drexel University; G.S.B., Rutgers University 
OLIVER E. HARRIS (1956) Director of Development 

A.B., M.S., The Pennsylvania State University 

R. ANDREW LADY (1957) Director of Institutional Relations 

and Assistant to the President 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.S., D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
WILLIAM L. BAKER (1965) Business Manager 

B.S. Lycoming College and Student Aid Director 
CHARLES E. WEYANT (1971) Librarian 

B.A., American University; M.S., Simmons College 
FRANK J. KAMUS (1963) Director of Admissions 

B.S., Lock Haven State College 
ROBERT J. GLUNK (1965) Registrar and Assistant to the Dean 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
DAVID G. BUSEY (1954) Director of Athletics 

B.S., M.S., University of Illinois 
DALE V. BOWER (1968) Director of Alumni Affairs 

B.S., Lycoming College; B.D., United Theological Seminary 
BRUCE L. SWANGER (1968) Director of Public Relations 

A.B., Buc knell University 

RUSSELL A. BLOODGOOD (1969) Manager of Food Service 

ROBERT L. EDDINGER (1967) Director of Buildings & Grounds 

DOROTHY J. STREETER (1946) Book Store Manager 

CLARENCE W. BURCH (1962) Associate Director of Athletics 

B.S., M.Ed., University of Pittsburgh 
DOUGLAS J. KEIPER (1970) Associate Dean of Student Services 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
ANDREW H. MOYER (1970) Coordinator of Computer Services 

B.T., Elizabethtown College 
R. ALBION SMITH (1971) Associate Dean of Student Services 

B.S., Springfield College; M.S.S., Syracuse University 
WENRICH H. GREEN (1968) Assistant Director of Admissions 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.S., The Pennsylvania State University 
TONY K. SCHEPIS (1971) Assistant Director of Admissions 

A.B., Lycoming College 
ROBERT L. CURRY, JR. (1972) Assistant in Athletics 

A.B., Lycoming College 
KATHRYN K. BROOKS (1974) Assistant Dean of Student Services 

B.A., M.A., Bowling Green University 
PATRICIA A. STALGAITIS (1974) Assistant Director of Admissions 

A.B., Lycoming College 

119 



FACULTY 

EMERITI 

MABEL K. BAUER Professor Emeritus of Chemistry 

B.S., Cornell University; M.S., University of Pennsylvania 
LEROY F. DERR Professor Emeritus of Education 

A.B., Ursinus College; M.A., Bucknell University; 

Ed.D., University of Pittsburgh 
ROBERT H. EWING Professor Emeritus of History 

A.B., College of Wooster; M.A., University of Michigan; 

HH.D., Lycoming College 
W. ARTHUR FAUS Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

A.B., Dickinson College; S.T.B., Ph.D., Boston University 
PHIL G. GILLETTE Associate Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

A.B., Ohio University; M.A., Columbia University 

HAROLD W. HAYDEN Librarian Emeritus 

and Professor Emeritus of Library Services 

A.B., Nebraska State Teachers College; B.S., University of Illinois; 

M.A. in L.S., University of Michigan 
GEORGE W. HOWE Professor Emeritus of Geology 

A.B., M.S., Syracuse University; Ph.D., Cornell University 
M. RAYMOND JAMISON Assistant Professor Emeritus of Physics 

B.S., Ursinus College; M.S., Bucknell University 
LORING B. PRIEST Professor Emeritus of History 

LITT.B., Rutgers University; M.A., Ph.D., Harvard University 

DONALD G. REMLEY Assistant Professor Emeritus of 

Mathematics and Physics 

A.B., Dickinson College; M.A., Columbia University 
GEORGE S. SHORTESS Professor Emeritus of Biology 

A.B., Johns Hopkins University; M.A., Columbia University; 

Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University 
FRANCES K. SKEATH Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 

A.B., M.A., Bucknell University; 

D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
JOHN A. STUART Professor Emeritus of English 

B.A., William Jewell College; M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern University 
HELEN B. WEIDMAN Professor Emeritus of Political Science 

A.B., M.A., Bucknell University; Ph.D., Syracuse University 





PROFESSORS 

ROBERT F. FALK (1970) Theatre 

B.A., B.D., Drew University; M.A., Ph.D., Wayne State University 
MORTON A. FINEMAN (1966) Physics 

A.B., Indiana University; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
JOHN P. GRAHAM (1939) English — Mace Bearer 

Ph.B., Dickinson College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
EDUARDO GUERRA (1960) Religion 

B.D., Southern Methodist University; 

S.T.M., Ph.D., Union Theological Seminary 

JOHN G. HOLLENBACK (1952) Business Aministration 

Marshal of the College 

B.S., M.B.A., University of Pennsylvania 
JAMES K. HUMMER (1962) Chemistry 

B.N.S., Tufts University; M.S., Middlebury College; 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
JAMES R. JOSE (1970) Political Science — Dean of the College 

B.A., Mount Union College; M.A., Ph.D., The American University 
JACK S. McCRARY (1969) Sociology 

B.A., M.A., Southern Methodist University; Ph.D., Washington University 
WALTER G. MclVER (1946) Music 

Mus.B., Westminster Choir College; A.B., Bucknell University; 

M.A., New York University 
GLEN E. MORGAN (1961) Music 

B.M., M.M., Ph.D., Indiana University 
ROBERT W. RABOLD (1955) Economics 

B.A., The Pennsylvania State University; 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
JOHN A. RADSPINNER (1957) Chemistry 

B.S., University of Richmond; M.S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute; 

D.Sc, Carnegie-Mellon University 
0. THOMPSON RHODES (1961) Religion 

B.S., University of Cincinnati; B.D., Ph.D., Drew University 
LOGAN A. RICHMOND (1954) Accounting 

B.S., Lycoming College; M.B.A., New York University; 

C.P.A. (Pennsylvania) 



121 



722/ COLLEGE PERSONNEL 



ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS 



ROBERT B. ANGSTADT (1967) Biology 

B.S., Ursinus College; M.S., Ph.D., Cornell University 
BERNARD P. FLAM (1963) Spanish 

A.B., New York University; M.A., Harvard University; 

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
CHARLES L. GETCHELL (1967) Mathematics 

B.S., University of Massachusetts; M.A., Ph.D., Harvard University 
ERNEST D. GIGLIO (1972) Political Science 

B.A., Queens College; M.A., The State University of New York at Albany; 

Ph.D., Syracuse University 
DAN D. GUSTAFSON (1971) English 

B.A., Amherst College; M.A., University of California at Berkeley; 

Ph.D., University of Nebraska 
JOHN G. HANCOCK (1967)** Psychology 

B.S., M.S., Bucknell University; Ph.D., The Pennsylvaniia State University 
ALDEN G. KELLEY (1966) Biology 

B.S., M.S., Iowa State University; Ph.D., Purdue University 
DAVID J. LOOMIS (1967) Psychology 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.S., Bucknell University; 

Ph.D., Syracuse University 
GERTRUDE B. MADDEN (1958) English 

A.B., University of Pennsylvania; M.A., Bucknell University 
ROBERT J. B. MAPLES (1969) French 

A.B., University of Rochester; Ph.D., Yale University 
ROGER W. OPDAHL (1963) Economics 

A.B., Hofstra University; M.A., Columbia University 

D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
JOHN F. PIPER, JR. (1969) History 

A.B., Lafayette College; B.D., Yale University; Ph.D., Duke University 
MARY LANDON RUSSELL (1936) Music 

Mus.B., Susquehanna University Conservatory of Music; 

M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
LOUISE R. SCHAEFFER (1962) Education 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., Bucknell University; 

D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
JAMES W. SHEAFFER (1949)** Music 

B.S., Indiana University of Pennsylvania; M.S., University of Pennsylvania 
ROGER D. SHIPLEY (1967) Art 

B.A., Otterbein College; M.F.A., Cranbrook Academy of Art 
WILLY SMITH (1966) Physics 

B.S.E., The University of the Republic (Uruguay); 

M.S.E., Ph.D., University of Michigan 

**On Sabbatical Spring Semester 1975-76. 



COLLEGE PERSONNEL/ 123 



ASSISTANT PROFESSORS 

MYRNA A. BARNES (1959) Library Services 

A.B., University of California at Los Angeles; M.S. in L.S., Drexel University 
SUSAN K. BEIDLER (1975) Library Services 

B.A., University of Delaware; M.L.S., University of Pittsburgh 
PATRICK S. BRADY (1974) History 

B.A., Stanford University; 

M.A., Ph.D., University of California at Santa Barbara 
WILLIAM P. BRITTAIN (1972) Psychology 

B.A., M.A., Wichita State University; Ph.D., Texas Christian University 
CLARENCE W. BURCH (1962) Physical Education 

B.S., M.Ed., University of Pittsburgh 
VIOLA L. CATT (1973) Psychology 

B.A., Indiana University; M.A., Ph.D., University of Denver 
JOHN H. CONRAD (1959) Education 

B.S., Mansfield State College; M.A., New York University 
GARY E. DARTT (1969) Theatre 

B.S., Augustana College; M.F.A.. University of Minnesota 
JACK D. DIEHL, JR. (1971) Biology 

B.S., M.A., Sam Houston State College; 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Connecticut 
RICHARD R. ERICKSON (1973) Astronomy and Physics 

B.A., University of Minnestoa; M.S., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
RICHARD W. FELDMANN (1965) Mathematics 

A.B., M.A., University of Buffalo 
WILLIAM D. FORD (1972) English 

B.A., Occidental College; M.A., M.F.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
DAVID A FRANZ (1970) Chemistry 

B.A., Princeton University; M.A.T., The Johns Hopkins University; 

Ph.D., University of Virginia 
STEPHEN R. GRIFFITH (1970) Philosophy 

A.B., Cornell University; M.A., Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
THOMAS J. HENNINGER (1966) Mathematics 

B.S, Wake Forest College; M.A., University of Kansas 
OWEN F. HERRING (1965)t Philosophy 

B.A., Wake Forest College 
JOHN R. HUBBARD (1975) Mathematics 

A.B., University of Rochester; A.M., Ph.D., University of Michigan 
OCTAVIA HUGHES (1971) Art 

B.A., Radcliffe College; M.A., Columbia University 
RICHARD A. HUGHES (1970) Religion 

B.A., Indiana Central College; S.T.B., Ph.D., Boston University 
EMILY R. JENSEN (1969) English 

B.A., Jamestown College; M.A., University of Denver; 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University 
MOON H. JO (1975) Sociology 

B.A., Valparaiso University; M.A., Howard University; 

Ph.D., New York University 



tOn Leave of Absence Fall Semester 1975-76 



124/ COLLEGE PERSONNEL 



FORREST E. KEESBURY (1970) Education 

B.S., Defiance College; M.A., Bowling Green State University; 

D.Ed., Lehigh University 
ELIZABETH H. KING (1956) Business Administration 

B.S., Geneva College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
ROBERT H. LARSON (1969) History 

B.A., The Citadel; M.A., Ph.D., University of Virginia 
PAUL A. MacKENZIE (1970) German 

A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Boston University 
OWEN J. MAHON (1973) Accounting 

B.S., M.A., University of Pennsylvania 
LYNDON J. MAYERS (1970) Biology 

B.S., University of Rhode Island; M.S., Ph.D., University of Maine 
RICHARD M. O'BRIEN (1971) Psychology 

A.B., Franklin College; M.A., Ph.D., West Virginia University 
NELSON PHILLIPS (1959) Physical Education 

B.S., Springfield College 
DAVID J. RIFE (1970) English 

B.A., University of Florida; M.A., Ph.D., Southern Illinois University 
MICHAEL G. ROSKIN (1972) Political Science 

A.B., University of California at Berkeley; 

M.A., University of California at Los Angeles; 

Ph.D., The American University 
KENNETH R. SAUSMAN (1969)tt Mathematics 

A.B., Susguehanna University; M.S., Miami University, Ohio 
K. BRUCE SHERBINE (1969) Biology 

A.B., Gettysburg College; M.S., Temple University; 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University 
SALLY F. VARGO (1953) Physical Education 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University; M.S., Bucknell University 
H. BRUCE WEAVER (1974) Business Administration 

B.B.A., Stetson University; J.D., Vanderbilt University; 

M.B.A., Florida Technological University 

CHARLES E. WEYANT (1971) Library Services 

Director of Library Services 

B.A., The American University; M.S., Simmons College 
JOHN M. WHELAN, JR. (1971) Philosophy 

B.A., University of Notre Dame 
BUDD F. WHITEHILL (1957) Physical Education 

B.S., Lock Haven State College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
STANLEY T. WILK (1973) Anthropology 

B.A., Hunter College; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
LEO K. WINSTON (1964) Russian 

B.A., Sir George Williams University; M.A., Universite' de Montreal 
ROBERT A ZACCARIA (1973) Biology 

B.A., Bridgewater College; Ph.D., University of Virginia 



ttOn Leave of Absence 1975-76 



COLLEGE PERSONNEL/ 125 



INSTRUCTORS 

MAX E. AMEIGH (1969) Art 

B.S., Lycoming College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
DIANNE F. HERMAN (1974) Political Science 

B.A., University of California at Berkeley; 

M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
ROBERT L. LAMBERT (1969) Mathematics 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., Bucknell University 
JULIA M. RUX (1970) Sociology 

B.A., Hanover College; M.A., University of Wisconsin 
LARRY R. STRAUSER (1973) Sociology 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.P.A., University of Arizona 
JAMES P. WAITE (1975) Business Administration 

B.S., Boston College; M.B.A., University of Dayton 

LECTURER 

DON M. LARRABEE II (1972) Lecturer in Law 

A.B., Franklin and Marshall; LL.B., Fordham University 

PART-TIME INSTRUCTORS 

ODILE M. BELMONT (1975) French 

D.U.E.L., University of Grenoble, France 
ROSE C. CHRISTOPHERSON (1975) Philosophy 

B.A., Carleton College; M.A., University of Texas 
KATHERINE L. FETTER (1963) Art 

B.S., Kutztown State College 
MARY T. FINEMAN (1975) Chemistry 

B.A., Simmons College; M.S., University of Pittsburgh 
MICHAEL L MCLAUGHLIN (1975) Philosophy 

B.A., Lock Haven State College; M.A., Purdue University 
FLORENCE PUTTERMAN (1972) Art 

B.S., New York University; M.F.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
MORTON RAUFF (1974) Business Administration 

GEORGE W. UPDEGRAFF, JR. (1975) Spanish 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 

TERRY WILD (1972) Art 

B.A., Lycoming College; B.F.A., Art Center College of Design 



126/ COLLEGE PERSONNEL 



ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANTS 

LOUISE S. BANKS Secretary to the Librarian 

BETTY S. BECK Bookstore Assistant 

EMILY C. BIICHLE Secretary to the Treasurer 

PAULINE M. BRUNGARD Student Loan Coordinator 

B.S., Lycoming College 

SHIRLEY M. CAMPBELL Assistant in Treasurer's Office 

ELIZABETH G. COWLES Career Development Secretary 

MARGUERITE CURCHOE Secretary to Director of Buildings & Grounds 

MARGARET A. DEWAR Secretary in Admissions Office 

JUNE L. EVANS Secretary in Education Office 

S. JEAN GAIR Faculty Secretary 

ANNE S. GIBBON Faculty Secretary 

KITTY S. GLOSSER Secretary in Admissions Office 

ESTHER GOOD Supervisor of Housekeeping 

RALPH W. HELLAN Computer Operations Programmer 

A.B., Lycoming College 

HELEN C. HELLER Secretary to the Registrar 

ISABEL G. HESS Library Assistant 

PHYLLIS M. HOLMES Secretary to the President 

DEE A. HORN Secretary in Student Aid Office 

MINNIE OLA HOUSEKNECHT Library Assistant 

NAOMI E. KEPNER Switchboard Operator 

EDITH LIPFERT Library Assistant 

VIVIAN MEIKRANTZ Secretary to the Dean of the College 

DEBRA MISSIGMAN Secretary to the Athletic Director 

MARILYN MULLINGS Faculty Secretary 

SANDRA MUNDRICK Secretary in Computer Center 

PHYLLIS B. MYERS Secretary in Registrar's Office 

DIANE NYMAN Secretary in Student Services Office 

MARION R. NYMAN Cashier-Bookkeeper 

BETTY J. PARIS Secretary to Directors of Development 

A.B., Lycoming College and Public Relations 

MARIAN L. RUBENDALL Secretary to Dean of Student Services 

SHARON M. SCARFO Secretary to Coaches 

YVONNE G. SMITH Faculty Secretary 

STEPHANIE SPUNT Audiovisual Coordinator 

BETTY JUNE SWANGER Accountant and Office Manager 

RHELDA M. UMPSTEAD Bulk Mailing Coordinator 

HELEN I. VINCENT Library Assistant 

JUNE WAGNER Faculty Secretary 

RONALD WAY Office Services Coordinator 

MARGARET WISE Secretary in Admissions Office 

CHERYL A. YEARICK Library Assistant 



COLLEGE PERSONNEL/ 127 



MEDICAL STAFF 

FREDERIC C. LECHNER, M.D College Physician 

B.S., Franklin and Marshall College; M.D., Jefferson Medical College 
ROBERT S. YASUI, M.D College Surgeon 

M.D., Temple University 
RUTH J. BURKET, R.N College Nurse 

Harriot Hospital School of Nursing 
EMALINE W. DEIBERT, R.N College Nurse 

Williamsport Hospital School of Nursing 




128/ COLLEGE PERSONNEL 



THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 

The Alumni Association of Lycoming College has a membership of over seven 
thousand men and women. It is governed by an Executive Board consisting of 
four officers and twenty-one members-at-large, elected through mail ballot by 
the membership of the Association. The board also has forty-two members 
representing specific geographic areas of alumni concentration, the senior 
class president, the student body president, and a representative of the last 
graduating class. The Association annually nominates one alumni represent- 
ative for a three year term on the College Board of Trustees. The Director of 
Alumni Affairs directs the activities of the Alumni Office. 

The Alumni Association has the following purpose as stated in its 
constitution: "As an off-campus constituency, the Association's purpose is to 
seek ways of maintaining an active and mutually beneficial relationship between 
the college and its alumni, utilizing their talents, resources and counsel to further 
the objective and program of Lycoming College." 

All former students of Williamsport Dickinson Seminary and all former students, 
who have successfully completed one year of study at Williamsport Dickinson 
Junior College or Lycoming College shall be members of the Association. Any 
person who leaves Lycoming College after successfully completing one year 
and re-enters as a student within four years of his/her initial matriculation, shall 
not be a member of the Alumni Association while enrolled as a student at 
Lycoming College. 

Acting as the representative of alumni on the campus, and working also with 
undergraduates, the Alumni office aids in keeping alumni informed and 
interested in the program, growth, and activities of the college through regular 
publications mailed to all Alumni on record. Arrangements for Homecoming, 
Alumni Day, Class Reunions, club meetings and similar activities are coordi- 
nated through this office. The Alumni Association promotes group travel 
programs, supplies back-year class rings, sells watercolors of the campus and 
sells alumni chairs. 

Through The Lycoming College Fund, the alumni office is closely associated 
with the development program of the college. Lycoming College holds Class 
A, B, and C memberships in the American Alumni Council. Communications to 
the Alumni Association should be addressed to the Alumni Office. 

EXECUTIVE BOARD 

President — Mr. John B. Ernst '58 

211 Belmont Avenue, Doylestown, Pa. 18901 
Vice-President — Mr. John Eidam '66 

Wyoming Seminary, Kingston, Pa. 18704 
Recording Secretary — Mrs. Jack Breitenbach (Forrest Birkenstock '41) 

535 Wilson Street, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 
Corresponding Secretary — Mrs. Larry Strauser (Keigh Cronauer '59) 

R.D. 3, Montoursville, Pa. 17754 
Treasurer — (Position not filled for the 1975-76 term) 
Last Retiring President — Mr. George A. Nichols '59 

R.D. 2, Newton Road, Clarks Summit, Pa. 18411 



COLLEGE PERSONNEL/ 129 



Alumni 

Term Expires June 1976 

Mrs. Frances Gleason Levegood '52 

214 Kendall Avenue, Jersey Shore, Pa. 17740 
Mr. Wenrich Green '65 — R.D. 1, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 
Mr. William Humes '58 — Stony Brook Road, Hopewell, N.J. 08525 
Mr. W. Burton Richardson '61 

296 Tarrington Road, Rochester, New York 14609 
Dr. OttoSonder'46 — Wilber Park Apts., Bldg. 14, Apt. 93, Oneonta, N.Y. 13820 
Dr. Eli Stavisky '61 — 110 Jermyn Drive, Clarks Summit, Pa. 18411 
Mr. Barnard C. Taylor, II '65 — 138 South Third Street, Lewisburg, Pa. 17837 



Term Expires June 1977 

Mr. Kent Baldwin '64 — 2620 Blair Street, Montoursville, Pa. 17754 

Mr. John R. Biggar '66 — R.D. 2, Box 301-H, Center Valley, Pa. 18034 

Mr. Donald E. Failor '68— 12 Country Club Place, Camp Hill, Pa. 17011 

Mr. Barry C. Hamilton 70 — 17 South Black Friar Road, Rosemont, Pa. 19010 

Mrs. Charles E. Peterson, Jr. (Majorie Sundin '49) 

730 North 30th Street, Allentown, Pa. 18104 
Dr. Mary Schweikle '63 

2905 Orchard Avenue, R.D. 3, Montoursville, Pa. 17754 
Mrs. Duane Snee (Beth E. Musser '66) 

R.D. 6, Box 147, Washington, Pa. 15301 



Term Expires June 1978 
Mr. William Aufricht 74 

Ambassador West Apts., #515, 1601 Penn Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa. 15221 
Mr. Samuel A. David 71 — 406 Roe Avenue, Elmira, N.Y. 14901 
Dr. Ronald L. Harpster '58 — 896 Schoolhouse Lane, Dover, Del. 19901 
Mrs. Eleanore McCoy 72 — 1142 Park Avenue, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 
Mrs. Mary Landon Russell '33 — 812 Lincoln Avenue, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 
Mr. Barry F. Thomas '60 — 2526 East Third Street, Montoursville, Pa. 17754 
Mr. Ronald C. Travis '67 — 1509 Elmira Street, Williamsport, Pa. 17701 



Members of the Board Serving a One-Year Term 
Student Association of Lycoming College President — David Walsh 76 
Senior Class President — (to be elected Fall of 1975) 
Representative of the Class of 1975 — Bruce Sawyer 75 



Alumni Representatives to Lycoming College Board of Trustees 

(1976) Dr. Robert G. Little '63 — 4621 Tarryton Drive, Harnsburg, Pa. 17109 

(1977) Mr. Daniel G. Fultz '57 — 37 Oak Manor Lane, Pittsford, N.Y. 14534 

(1978) Dr. Susan J. Albert '69 

700 Conway Drive, #204, Williamsburg, Va. 23185 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 1975-1976 



SEPTEMBER 


OCTOBER 


NOVEMBER 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


■7 
14 
21 
28 


1 

8 

15 

22 

29 


2 
9 

16 
23 
30 


3 
10 
17 
24 


4 
11 

18 
25 


5 

12 
19 
26 


6 

13 

20 

27 


5 
12 
19 
26 


6 
13 
20 

27 


7 

14 

21 

28 


1 

8 
15 
22 
29 


2 

9 

16 

23 

30 


3 

10 

17 

24 

31 


4 
11 
18 

25 


2 

9 

16 

23 

30 


3 
10 
17 
24 










1 

8 

15 

22 


4 
11 
18 

25 


5 
12 
19 
26 


6 
13 
20 


7 

14 

21 










27 


28 


29 


DECEMBER 


JANUARY 


FEBRUARY 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


7 
14 


1 

8 
15 


2 
9 
16 


3 

10 

17 


4 
11 
18 


5 

12 

19 


6 
13 
20 

27 


4 
11 
18 

25 


5 
12 
19 
26 


6 
13 
20 
27 


7 

14 

21 

28 


1 

8 

15 

22 

29 


2 

9 

16 

23 

30 


3 

10 

17 

24 

31 


1 

8 

15 

22 


2 
9 
16 
23 


3 
10 
17 
24 


4 
11 

18 
25 


5 6 
1213 
1920 
2627 


7 
14 
21 

28 


21 

28 


22 
29 


23 
30 


24 
31 


25 


26 


29 












MARCH 


APRIL 


MAY 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


7 

14 

21 

28 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 










1 
8 
15 
22 


2 
9 


3 
10 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


1 

8 


8 
15 
22 
29 


9 
16 
23 
30 


10 
17 
24 
31 


11 
18 

25 


12 
19 
26 


13 
20 
27 


4 
11 

18 


5 

12 

19 


6 
13 
20 


7 
14 
21 


16 
23 


17 
24 


9 
16 
23 
30 


10 
17 
24 
31 


11 
18 
25 


12 
19 
26 


13 
20 
27 


14 
21 

28 


15 
22 

29 








25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 




















JUNE 


JULY 


AUGUST 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 






1 

8 

15 

22 

29 


2 
9 
16 

23 
30 


3 
10 
17 
24 


4 
11 
18 
25 


5 
12 
19 
26 


4 
11 


5 
12 


6 
13 


7 
14 


1 
8 
15 


2 
9 
16 


3 

10 

17 

24 

31 


1 

8 
15 
22 
29 


2 

9 
16 
23 
30 


3 

10 

17 

24 

31 


4 
11 

18 
25 


5 
12 
19 
26 


6 
13 
20 

27 


7 

14 

21 

28 


6 
13 
20 

27 


7 

14 

21 

28 


18 

25 


19 
26 


20 

27 


21 

28 


22 

29 


23 
30 

















ACADEMIC CALENDAR 1975-76 



FALL SEMESTER 

August 31 — Sunday 

September 2 — Tuesday 

3 — Wednesday 

November 3 — Monday 

26 — Wednesday 

December 1 — Monday 
1 9 — Friday 



Dormitories open 12 noon. 

Late Registration 
Classes Begin. 

Fall Recess — 

Classes suspended for the day. 

Thanksgiving recess begins 8 p.m. 

Classes resume 8 a.m. 
Semester ends 5 p.m. 



SPRING SEMESTER 

January 4 — Sunday 

5 — Monday 

February 27 — Friday 

March 8 — Monday 

April 1 6— Friday 

23 — Friday 
May 2 — Sunday 



Dormitories open 12 noon. 
Classes begin. 

Spring recess begins 5 p.m. 

Classes resume 8 a.m. 

Afternoon Classes suspended 
(Good Friday). 
Semester ends 5 p.m. 

Commencement. 



MAY TERM 

May 9— Sunday 

10 — Monday 



June 



4 — Friday 



Dormitories open 10 a.m. 
Registration, and classes begin. 

Term ends. 



SUMMER TERM 



June 

July 16 — Friday 



6 — Sunday 
7 — Monday 



Dormitories open 12 noon. 
Registration, and classes begin. 

Term ends. 



131 



INDEX 



Academic Advisement 58 

Academic Center 36 

Academic Honesty 62 

Academic Honors 62 

Academic Program 55 

Academic Standing 62 

Accounting Career 48 

Accounting/Mathematics (EIM) 64 

Accreditation 4 

Activities, Student 22 

Additional Charges 12 

Administrative Staff 119 

Admissions Office 8 

Admissions Policy 5 

Advanced Standing 7 

Alumni Association 128 

Application Fee and Deposit 12 

Application Procedure 6 

Attendance, Class 62 

Books and Supplies 13 

Business Career 48 

Calendar, Academic 130 

Calendar, Regular 130 

Campus 36 

Campus Map 37 

Career Development Center 27 

Career Opportunities 47 

Accounting 48 

Business 48 

Dental School, Preparation for 52 

Drama — Cooperative Program 51 

Engineering — Cooperative 

Curriculum 51 

Forestry — Cooperative 

Curriculum 52 

Graduate Study 52 

Health Professions 52 

Law School, Preparation for 53 

Medical School, Preparation for 52 

Medical Technology 48 

Military Science 49 



Planetarium Education 50 

Religious Education 50 

Teacher Education 50 

Theological Seminary, 

Preparation for 53 

Veterinary School, Preparation for 52 

Chapel 36 

Christian Ministry, Preparation for 53 

Class Attendance 62 

Clubs and Organizations on Campus.... 23 

College Level Exam Program (CLEP) 7 

College Personnel 117 

Commuters' Lounge 36 

Communications With the College 136 

Community Scholarships 19 

Conduct, Standards of 30 

Counseling, Academic 58 

Counseling, Personal 26 

Course Credit by Exam 7 

Course Work 55 

Damage Charges 14 

Degree Programs 55 

Degree Reguirements 55 

Dental School, Preparation for 52 

Departmental Honors 44 

Departmental Majors 56 

Deposit 5, 12 

Deposit Refund 5, 12 

Distribution Reguirements 58, 62 

English 59 

Fine Arts 60 

Foreign Language or 

Mathematics 59 

History and Social Science 60 

Natural Science 60 

Religion or Philosophy 60 

Drama, Cooperative Program 51 

Early Admission Procedure 8 

Education Financing Plans 19 

Educational Opportunity Grants 18 

Engineering Cooperative Curriculum 51 



132 



INDEX! 133 



Entrance Exams (CEEB)...'. 6 

Evaluation, Freshman Mid-Semester 62 

Expenses 11 

Faculty 120 

Facilities 36 

Fees 12 

Financial Aid 15 

Financial Information 11 

Financing Plans 19 

Fine Arts Activities 24 

Forestry Cooperative Curriculum 52 

Fraternities, Social 24 

General Expenses 11 

Grading System 61 

Graduate Study 52 

Graduation Requirements 55 

Grants-m-Aid 16 

Handbook for Students 

(Guidepost) 23 

Health Professions 

Careers 52 

Health Service 26 

History of the College 4 

Honor Societies 62 

Honors, Academic 62 

Independent Study 44 

Intercollegiate Sports 24 

Interdisciplinary Majors 64 

Established Majors (EIM) 62, 64 

Individual Majors (MM) 56 

International Studies 66 

Interviews 6, 8 

Intramural Athletics 24 

Law School, Preparation for 53 

Literature (EIM) 68 

Loans 18, 19 

Location 3 

London Semester 46 

Major 56 

Admission To 58 

Departmental 56 



Interdisciplinary 56 

May Term 42 

Medical College, Preparation for 52 

Medical History 6 

Medical Technology 48 

Mid-Semester Evaluation 

(Freshman) 62 

Ministerial Grants-in-Aid 17 

National Defense Loans (NDEA) 18 

Non-Payment of Fees Penalty 14 

Objectives and Purpose 3 

Optometry School, 

Preparation for 52 

Organizations and Clubs on 

Campus 23 

Orientation 9 

Osteopathy School, 

Preparation for 52 

Payment of Fees 13 

Payments, Partial 13 

Personal Counseling 26 

Physical Examination 6 

Placement Services 27 

Podiatry School, Preparation for 52 

Publications and Communications 23 

Purpose and Objectives 3 

Radio Station — Campus 24 

Reading Improvement Course 27 

Refunds 13 

Regulations (Standard of Conduct) 30 

Religious Education 50 

Religious Life 31 

Requirements, Academic for 

Admission 5 

Reserve Officers Training Corps 19 

Residence 27 

Scholarships 16 

Selection Process 5 

Seminar Study 44 

Sequential Courses 70 

Soviet Area Studies Program 69 



134/ INDEX 



Special Opportunities 38 

Departmental Honors 44 

Independent Study 44 

International Studies 46 

London Semester 46 

Lycoming Scholars 38 

Overseas Studies Opportunities 46 

May Term 42 

Seminar Study 44 

United Nations Semester 46 

Washington International 

Semester 44 

Washington Semester 45 

Special Programs 42 

Special Student 8 

Sports 24 

Standards of Admission 5 

Standards of Conduct 30 

State Grants 19 

State Guaranteed Loans 19 

Student Activities 22 



Student Association 22 

Student Publications 23 

Student Records 63 

Student Services 26 

Student Union 22 

Study Skills Program 26 

Summer Session Admission 8 

Summer Sessions Calendar 131 

Teacher Education 50 

Theological Seminary, 

Preparation for 53 

Traditions 3 

Transfer 7 

United Nations Semester 46 

Veterans, Provisions for 8 

Veterinary School, 

Preparation for 52 

Washington Semester 45 

Withdrawing from Courses 63 

Withdrawal from College 13 

Work-Study Grants 18 




/''*1 



k 



■ 




COMMUNICATION WITH THE COLLEGE 

This document contains pertinent information about the college, its philosophy, 
programs, policies, regulations, and offerings. All students and prospective 
students are urged to read it carefully and completely. 

Inquiries of a specific nature should be addressed as follows: 

Director of Admissions: 

Admission to the freshman class. 
Admission with advanced standing. 
Re-entry of students to Lycoming College. 
Request for catalogs. 

Treasurer: 

Payment of college bills. 
Inquiries concerning expenses. 

Director of Student Aid: 

Scholarships and loan funds for students in college. 
Financial assistance for entering students. 

Dean of the College: 

Information about faculty and faculty activities. 
Academic work of students in college. 

Dean of Student Services: 

Questions or problems concerning student's health. 
Residence and campus regulations. 

Registrar: 

Requests for transcripts. 
Notices of withdrawal. 

Career Development Center: 
Career Counseling. 
Employment while in college. 
Employment upon graduation. 

Director of Development: 
Gifts or bequests. 

Director of Alumni Affairs 

Director of Public Relations 

Address: LYCOMING COLLEGE, Williamsport, Pennsylvania 17701 
Telephone: 326-1951 Area Code 717 

ALL OF THE PROVISIONS IN THIS CATALOG ARE EFFECTIVE JUNE 1 , 1975 

Lycoming College reserves the right to make any necessary changes in the academic calendar, 
charges, courses or any other section of this catalog 



136 



college 



Lycoming enjoys a continuing and 
mutually supportive relationship with The 
United Methodist Church. The principal 
aim of Lycoming College is to use its 
resources to provide for its students the 
finest undergraduate educational 
opportunity attainable. 

coTLLiaraspoRt, Pennsylvania 17701 

pnone 7i7-326ig^i