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Full text of "Lycoming College catalog"

LYCOMING COLLEGE 

Catalog 1981-82 



This catalog contains comprehensive information about Lycoming Col- 
lege, its philosophy, programs, policies, regulations, and offerings. The 
college reserves the right to make changes at any time in any section of 
the catalog. 

Communicating with Lycoming College 

Please address specific inquiries as follows: 

Director of Admissions: 

Admissions; requests for catalogs and other publications. 

Treasurer: 

Payment of bills; expenses. 

Director of Student Financial Aid: 

Scholarships and loan funds; financial assistance. 

Dean of the College: 

Academic programs; faculty; faculty activities. 

Dean of Student Services: 

Student activities; residence halls; religious life; health services; aca- 
demic support services. 

Registrar: 

Student records; transcript requests; academic policies. 

Career Development Center: 

Career counseling; employment opportunities. 

Director of Institutional Relations: 

Development; annual fund; gift programs. 

Director of Alumni Affairs: 
Alumni information. 

Director of Public Relations: 

Public information; publications; sports information. 

All correspondence should be addressed to: 
Lycoming College 
Williamsport, Pennsylvania 17701 

The college telephone number is (717) 326-1951 

VISITORS 

Lycoming welcomes visitors to the campus. Call the Office of Admis- 
sions before your visit to arrange a mutually convenient time. 

Lycoming College welcomes applications from prospective students regardless 
of age, sex, race, religion, handicap, finances, national or ethnic origin, or col- 
or. Lycoming does not discriminate on the basis of age, sex, race, religion, 
handicap, finances, national or ethnic origin, or color in the administration of 
any of its policies and programs. 



\ » 




LYCOMING COLLEGE 

Catalog 1981-82 



Contents 

A Quick Look at Lycoming 5 

Introduction to Lycoming 7 

The Academic Program 11 

The Curriculum 39 

Student Services 131 

Admission to Lycoming 137 

Expenses and Financial Aid 139 

Campus Facilities 145 

Campus Map 148 

College Directory 151 

Alumni Association 162 

Academic Calendar, 1981-1982 164 

Index 166 




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A Quick Look at Lycoming 

Location Williamsport, Pennsylvania 17701 

Phone (717) 326-1951 

Founded 1812 

Enrollment (fall, 1980) 1,130 (629 men and 501 women) 

Accreditation Middle States Association of Colleges and 

Schools, University Senate of The United 
Methodist Church 

Church Affiliation United Methodist 

Student / Faculty Ratio Fifteen to one 

Library 142,000 volumes; 902 periodical titles 

Size of Campus Main campus: 20 acres; Athletic field: 12 

acres 

Buildings 19 

Calendar 4-4-1 (1 = optional May term) 

1981-82 Fixed Charges Tuition $4,280 

Room & Board $1 ,990 

Total $6,270 

May and summer term charges are not in- 
cluded in these figures. 

Books and supplies normally cost up to $200 
per year. Allowance must be made for laun- 
dry, travel, clothing, and personal needs. 

Financial Aid Lycoming students received more than $3.3 

million in financial assistance last year. Pro- 
spective students should discuss their finan- 
cial needs with the Director of Student Aid. 



Introduction to Lycoming 



THIS IS LYCOMING 

Lycoming is an independent, coeducational college dedicated to pro- 
viding the type of learning that can be used for a lifetime — the liberal 
arts and sciences. 

Lycoming's academic relevance derives from its enduring commit- 
ment to the value of this type of education, as offered by a superior 
teaching faculty. The college's principal aim is to help students develop 
a central core of integrated values, skill, information, and strategies 
while they learn to communicate, reason, make decisions, understand, 
and use their imagination. This type of education can lead to productive 
and fulfilling lives in many fields while allowing lifelong growth and 
development. 

Lycoming awards bachelor of arts degrees in 29 major fields and a 
bachelor of fine arts degree in one field. The curriculum is challenging. 
Because it is built upon the two principles of the liberal arts known as 
distribution and concentration, it allows students to study in breadth 
and depth. 

Students who have special interests not met entirely by a major field 
can design their own majors. Or, if they are interested in teaching, 
medicine, law, dentistry, or the ministry, they can take courses needed 
to enter their advanced study. 

Students also can study engineering, forestry or environmental 
studies, podiatric medicine, optometry, medical technology, and 
sculpture through cooperative programs operated by Lycoming with 
other colleges and universities. Or, they can study abroad or in 
Washington, D.C., or New York City through other off-campus study 
programs. 

Most students complete their program of study in four years, usually 
by taking four courses each fall and spring semester. But students also 
can take one course during Lycoming's May term, or two courses during 
the summer term. 

Recognizing students' concerns about careers, Lycoming offers ex- 
tensive counseling through the Career Development Center and ad- 
visory committees for prelaw, prehealth professions, and premedical 
students. The college also operates a wide-ranging internship program 
that allows students to earn academic credit while working at area 
businesses, government offices, and nonprofit organizations. 

Lycoming's ratio of faculty to students is 15 to one, which means 
that most classes are small and there is abundant opportunity for in- 
dividual attention. All faculty members teach. More than 70 percent of 
Lycoming's faculty hold the highest degrees in their fields from the na- 



8 Introduction 



tion's outstanding colleges and universities. And, faculty members take 
their advising seriously. They care about students, and encourage and 
guide them so they receive the education they want. 

Nineteen buildings sit on Lycoming's 20-acre main campus. Most of 
them are modern; most have been built since 1950. The modern 
buildings include the eight residence halls, the library, Arena Theatre, 
planetarium, student union, computer center, electronic-music studio, 
photography laboratory, art gallery, and physical education / recreation 
center. The computer center opened in 1979; the art gallery and phys-ed 
center opened in 1980. 

Lycoming houses approximately 885 of its 1,130 students in the resi- 
dence halls, which include double and single rooms. Most students find 
the campus friendly and comfortable, with all of the buildings easy to 
reach from anywhere on campus. Students come from all economic 
classes, religious beliefs, and geographic areas, although most students 
call Pennsylvania, New Jersey, or New York their home. They work and 
play in an atmosphere of respect and tolerance. 

The college offers a variety of extracurricular activities. Student 
government groups help to plan campus activities and social events. The 
campus newspaper and FM radio station keep students informed. Nu- 




Introduction 9 



merous clubs, honor societies, social fraternities and sororities, the year- 
book and literary magazine, and the band and widely acclaimed choir 
meet other students' interests. Students who like to perform or compete 
can act on the Arena Theatre stage or play on intercollegiate or in- 
tramural sports teams. The intercollegiate teams for men include foot- 
ball, soccer, basketball, wrestling, tennis, golf, and track and field. The 
intercollegiate teams for women include basketball, tennis, and field 
hockey. The swimming team is open to men and women. Women also 
can compete on a club team in track and field. 

In addition, students who like hiking, backpacking, skiing, camp- 
ing, fishing, hunting, kayaking, spelunking, and other outdoor sports 
will find Lycoming's location ideal. 

Lycoming is situated on a slight prominence near downtown 
Williamsport, a small city nestled along the West Branch of the Sus- 
quehanna River in Northcentral Pennsylvania's rolling hills and valleys. 
Yet, the college is only a three or four hour drive away from 
metropolitan centers such as New York City, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, 
Washington, D.C., Baltimore, Syracuse, Rochester, and the New Jersey 
shore points. The Williamsport-metro area is home to about 75,000 
persons. 

Lycoming enjoys a relationship with The United Methodist Church. 
It supports the Methodist tradition of providing an education for per- 
sons of all faiths. 

Fully accredited, Lycoming is a member of the Middle States 
Association of Colleges and Schools, and the University Senate of The 
United Methodist Church. It is a member of the Association of 
American Colleges, the Pennsylvania Association of Colleges and Uni- 
versities, the Commission for Independent Colleges and Universities, 
the National Commission on Accrediting, and the National Association 
of Schools and Colleges of The United Methodist Church. 

HISTORY 

Lycoming College was founded in 1812 as the Williamsport Academy, 
an elementary and secondary school. Thirty-six years later, the academy 
became the Williamsport Dickinson Seminary under the patronage of 
The Methodist Episcopal Church. The seminary operated as a private 
boarding school until 1929, when a college curriculum was added and it 
became the Williamsport Dickinson Seminary and Junior College. In 
1947, the junior college became a four-year degree-granting college of 
liberal arts and sciences. It adopted the name Lycoming, derived from 
the Indian word "lacomic," meaning "Great Stream." The word Ly- 
coming has been common to Northcentral Pennsylvania since colonial 
days. 



The Academic Program 

THE BACHELOR OF ARTS DEGREE 

Lycoming is committed to the principle that a liberal arts education is 
the best hope for an enlightened citizenry. Consequently, the bachelor 
of arts degree is conferred upon the student who has completed an 
educational program incorporating the two principles of the liberal arts 
known as distribution and concentration. The objective of the distribu- 
tion principle is to insure that the student achieves breadth in learning 
through the study of the major dimensions of human inquiry: the 
humanities, the social sciences, and the natural sciences. The objective 
of the concentration principle is to provide depth of learning through 
completion of a program of study in a given discipline or subject area 
known as the major. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE BACHELOR OF ARTS DEGREE 

Every degree candidate is expected to complete the following re- 
quirements in order to qualify for graduation: 

— complete the distribution program. 

— complete a major consisting of at least eight courses while achiev- 
ing a minimum grade point average of 2.0 in those courses. 

— earn one year of credit in physical education. All students must 
demonstrate competence in swimming. (Medical exemptions 
may be granted by the college physician after an examination and 
review of the student's medical history and family physician's 
report.) 

— pass a minimum of 128 semester hours (32 unit courses) with a 
minimum cumulative average of 2.0. Additional credits beyond 
128 semester hours may be completed provided the minimum 
2.0 cumulative average is maintained. 

— complete in residence the final eight courses offered for the 
degree at Lycoming. 

— satisfy all financial obligations incurred at the college. 

— complete the above requirements within seven years of continu- 
ous enrollment following the date of matriculation. 

All exemptions or waivers of specific requirements are made by the 
Committee on Academic Standing. 

THE BACHELOR OF FINE ARTS DEGREE 

The Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree is the degree that is specifically de- 
signed to train professional artists. The BFA in Sculpture is a synthesis of 
three diverse forms of education: a studio art program that emphasizes 



12 The Academic Program 



the skills and concepts of the visual language; an apprenticeship that 
takes technical expertise as the departure point, and the scholastic 
method employed in both art history and the general-education com- 
ponent. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE BACHELOR OF FINE ARTS DEGREE 

Every BFA degree candidate is expected to complete the following re- 
quirements in order to qualify for graduation: 

— complete the 12 -course Art Department course of study. 

— complete the distribution program. 

— complete a total of 32 course units achieving a minimum grade 
point average of 2.0 in those courses taken within the college. 

— complete one of the field specialization apprenticeships at the 
Johnson Atelier Technical Institute of Sculpture. 

— earn one year of credit in physical education. All students must 
demonstrate competence in swimming. (Medical exemptions 
may be granted by the college physician after an examination and 
review of the student's medical history and family physician's 
report.) 

— complete in residence the final eight courses offered for the 
degree at Lycoming. 

— satisfy all financial obligations incurred at the college. 

— have a public exhibition of original art work and make an oral 
defense. 

THE DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM 

A course can be used to satisfy only one distribution requirement. 
Courses for which a grade of "S" is recorded may not be used toward 
the fulfillment of the distribution requirements. (Refer to page 21 for 
an explanation of the grading system.) A course in any of the following 
distribution requirements refers to a full-unit (four semester hours) 
course taken at Lycoming, any appropriate combination of fractional 
unit courses taken at Lycoming which accumulate to four semester 
hours, or any single course of three or more semester hours transferred 
from another institution. 

English — All students are required to pass or exempt English 2, 
which must be taken no later than the second semester (usually the 
spring semester) of their sophomore year, and one other English course, 
excluding English 1. In addition, all students who have not been ex- 
empted from English 1 must receive a mark of " Satisfactory " in English 
1 before being permitted to enroll in English 2. Students may be ex- 
empted from English 1 on the basis of high achievement on both objec- 
tive parts of the CLEP General Examination in English Composition, 



The Academic Program 13 



which may be taken during the year before entrance or during freshman 
orientation. Furthermore, some students may be eligible, after consulta- 
tion with the Department of English, to exempt English 2 on the basis 
of their CLEP performance. 

Foreign Language or Mathematics — Students are required to meet a 
minimum basic requirement in either a foreign language or the 
mathematical sciences. 

Foreign Language. Students may choose from among French, Ger- 
man, Greek, Hebrew, or Spanish and are required to pass two courses on 
the intermediate or higher course level. Placement at the appropriate 
course level will be determined by the faculty of the Department of 
Foreign Languages and Literatures. Students who have completed two or 
more years of a given language in high school are not admitted for credit 
to the elementary course in the same foreign language except by written 
permission of the chairman of the department. French 28 and Spanish 
28 will meet part of this requirement only if the section taught in the 
language is completed. 

Mathematics. Students are required to demonstrate competence in 
basic algebra and to pass three units of mathematical science other than 
Mathematics 5. Competence in basic algebra may be demonstrated 
either by passing the basic algebra section of the Mathematics Placement 
Examination or by passing Mathematics 5. By demonstrating higher 
competence on the Mathematics Placement Examination, students may 
reduce the requirement to two units of mathematical science. No more 
than 1 V2 units may be taken in computer science. 

Religion or Philosophy — Students are required to pass two courses 
in either religion or philosophy. Any two religion courses may be used to 
fulfill the philosophy / religion distribution requirement, with this ex- 
ception: only one course from the combination Religion 20-21 may be 
selected for distribution. 

Fine Arts — Students are required to pass two courses as indicated in 
art, literature, music, or theatre. 

Art. Any two courses. 

Literature. Any two literature courses selected from the offerings of 
the Departments of English and Foreign Languages and Literatures. 

Music. Any of the following combinations of music offerings total- 
ing the equivalent of eight semester hours: 

— two courses from those numbered Music 10 through Music 46. 

— eight semesters of applied music (private lessons) and /or ensem- 
ble (choir, band) from courses numbered 60 through 69, earned 
fractionally as follows: 

— (1) for private lessons (Music 60 through 66), a one-half hour 
lesson per week earns one-half hour credit; a one-half lesson earns 
one hour of credit. Note: no more than one hour of private 



14 The Academic Program 



lessons may be taken in one semester, and there are extra fees for 
these lessons. (For details see Department of Music course offer- 
ings described elsewhere in this catalog.) 
— (2) credit may be earned for participation in the college choir 
(Music 68) and /or band (Music 69); however, a student may earn 
no more than one hour each semester even though participating 
in both band and choir. (For further details, please see the 
Department of Music offerings elsewhere in this catalog.) 
Natural Science — Students are required to pass any two courses in one 
of the following disciplines: astronomy /physics, biology, chemistry. 

History and Social Science — Students are required to pass two 
courses as indicated in economics, history, political science, phychology, 
or sociology /anthropology. 

Economics. Any two courses. 
History. Any two courses. 
Political Science. Any two courses. 
Psychology. Any two courses. 

Sociology I Anthropology . Sociology / Anthropology 10 plus another 
course. 

THE MAJOR 

Students are required to complete a series of courses in one departmen- 
tal or interdisciplinary (established or individual) major. Specific course 
requirements for each major offered by the college are listed in the cur- 
riculum section of this catalog, beginning on page ??. Students must 
earn a 2.0 or higher grade-point average in those courses stipulated as 
comprising the major. (This requirement is not met by averaging the 
grades for all courses completed in the major department.) Students 
must declare a major by the beginning of their junior year. Departmen- 
tal and established interdisciplinary majors are declared in the Office of 
the Registrar, whereas individual interdisciplinary majors must be ap- 
proved by the Committee on Curriculum Development. Students may 
complete more than one major, each of which will be recorded on the 
transcript. Students may be removed from major status if they are not 
making satisfactory progress in the major. This action is taken by the 
Dean of the College upon the recommendation of the department, co- 
ordinating committee (for established interdisciplinary majors), or Cur- 
riculum Development Committee (for individual interdisciplinary ma- 
jors). The decision of the Dean of the College may be appealed to the 
Academic Standing Committee by the student involved or the recom- 
mending department or committee. 

Departmental Majors — Departmental majors are available in the 
following areas: 



The Academic Program 15 



Accounting History 

Art Mathematics 

Astronomy Music 

Biology Nursing 

Business Administration Philosophy 

Chemistry Physics 

Computer Science Political Science 

Economics Psychology 

English Religion 

Foreign Languages and Sociology / Anthropology 

Literatures Theatre 

French, German, Spanish 

Established Interdisciplinary Majors — The following established in- 
terdisciplinary majors include course work in two or more departments: 
Accounting-Mathematics Literature 

American Studies Mass Communications 

Criminal Justice Near East Culture and Archeology 

International Studies 

Individual Interdisciplinary Majors — Students may design a major 
which is unique to their needs and objectives and which combines 
course work in more than one department. This major is developed in 
consultation with the student's faculty adviser and with a panel of facul- 
ty members from each of the sponsoring departments. The application 
is acted upon by the Curriculum Development Committee. The major 
normally consists of 10 courses beyond those taken to satisfy the 
distribution requirements. Students are expected to complete at least six 
courses at the junior or senior level. Examples of individual interdisci- 
plinary majors are Racial and Cultural Minorities, Illustration in the 
Print Medium, Environmental Law, Advertising, Human Behavior, and 
Images of Man. 

Major in Sculpture Leading to Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree — 
Through a cooperative program with the Johnson Atelier Technical In- 
stitute of Sculpture, Princeton, New Jersey, students may earn a BFA 
degree in sculpture. The major consists of a core academic program, a 
course of study in art, elective courses, and an apprenticeship at the 
Johnson Atelier. 



16 The Academic Program 



ACADEMIC ADVISEMENT 

One advantage of a small college is the rich experience gained by the 
close association of students and faculty. The advisement program at 
Lycoming enables students to discuss academic and other problems as 
well as opportunities with faculty advisers, instructors, and the staffs of 
the Dean of the College and the Dean of Student Services. 

During summer orientation, freshmen are assigned a faculty adviser 
who is prepared to assist new students with the challenges of an un- 
familiar social and academic environment. All students are required to 
have a faculty adviser. When students have declared a major, they are 
then assigned an adviser from within the major department or program. 

Although the advisement program is an important part of the 
Lycoming academic experience, students are expected to accept full 
responsibility for their academic programs, including satisfactory com- 
pletion of program and college-wide requirements. 

Special advising for selected professions is provided by the health, 
legal, and theological professions advisory committees. Students in- 
terested in these professions should register with the appropriate com- 
mittee during their first semester of enrollment at Lycoming or immedi- 
ately after they decide to enter these professions. 

Preparation for Health Professions — The program of pre- 
professional education for the health professions (allopathic, dental, 
osteopathic, podiatric and veterinary medicine, optometry, pharmacy) is 
organized around a solid foundation in biology, chemistry, mathe- 
matics, and physics and a wide range of subject matter from the 
humanities, social sciences, and fine arts. At least three years of 
undergraduate study is recommended before entry into a professional 
school; the normal procedure is to complete the bachelor of arts degree. 

Students interested in one of the health professions or in an allied 
health career should make their intentions known to the admissions of- 
fice when applying and to the Health Professions Advisory Committee 
(HP AC) during their first semester. The committee advises students 
concerning preparation for and application to health-professions' 
schools. All pre-health professions students are invited to join the stu- 
dent pre -health professions association. (See also cooperative programs 
in podiatric medicine, optometry, and medical technology.) 

Preparation for Legal Professions — Lycoming offers a strong 
academic preparation for students interested in law as a profession. Ad- 
mission to law school is not predicated upon a particular major or area of 
study; rather, a student is encouraged to design a course of study (tradi- 
tional or interdisciplinary major) which is of personal interest and 
significance. While no specific major is recommended, there are certain 
skills of particular relevance to the pre-law student: clear writing, 



The Academic Program 17 



analytical thinking, and language comprehension. These skills should 
be developed during the undergraduate years. 

Pre-law students should register with the Legal Professions Advisory 
Committee (LPAC) upon entering Lycoming and should join the Pre- 
Law Society on campus. LPAC assists the pre-law student through ad- 
visement, compilation of recommendations, and dissemination of infor- 
mation and materials about law and the legal profession. It sponsors 
Pre-LSAT workshops to help prepare students for the law boards and an 
annual Pre-Law Night which brings admission deans, law students, and 
practicing lawyers on campus. The Pre-Law Society has sponsored films, 
speakers, and field trips, including several to the United States Supreme 
Court. 

Preparation for Theological Professions — The Theological Profes- 
sions Advisory Committee (TPAC) acts as a "center" for students, 
faculty, and clergy to discuss the needs of students who want to prepare 
themselves for the ministry, religious education, advanced training in 
religion, or related vocations. Also, it may help coordinate internships 
for students who desire practical experience in the parish ministry or 
related areas. Upon entering Lycoming, students should register with 
TPAC if they plan to investigate the religious vocations. 

In general, students preparing to attend a theological seminary 
should examine the suggestions set down by the Association of Theo- 
logical Schools (available from TPAC). Recommended is a broad pro- 
gram in the liberal arts, a major in one of the humanities (English, 
history, languages, literature, philosophy, religion) or one of the social 
sciences (American studies, criminal justice, economics, international 
studies, political science, psychology, sociology-anthropology), and a 
variety of electives. Students preparing for a career in religious education 
should major in religion and elect five or six courses in psychology, 
education, and sociology. This program of study will qualify students to 
work as an educational assistant or a director of religious education after 
graduate study in a theological seminary. 

REGISTRATION 

During the registration period, students file a schedule form with the 
Office of the Registrar. The filing of this form by students and its accep- 
tance by the college is evidence of a commitment by students to perform 
in the courses listed to the best of their abilities. Any changes in the 
schedule of courses listed on the form, including changes in sections, 
without the formal approval of the Office of the Registrar will result in a 
grade of F. Students may not receive credit in courses in which they are 
not registered. Registration procedures may not be initiated after the 
close of the registration period. 

During the first five days of classes, students may drop any course 



18. The Academic Program 



without any record of such enrollment appearing on the permanent 
record, and they may add any course that is not closed. Students wishing 
to drop a course between the fifth day and the 12th week of classes must 
secure a withdrawal form from the Office of the Registrar, which is 
presented to the instructor of the course in question, who assigns a 
withdrawal grade based on the level of the student's performance from 
the beginning of the course to the date of withdrawal. Withdrawal 
grades are not computed in the grade point average. Students may not 
withdraw from courses after the 12th week of a semester and the com- 
parable period during the May and summer terms. 

THE UNIT COURSE SYSTEM 

Instruction at Lycoming College is organized, with few exceptions, on a 
departmental basis. Most courses are unit courses, meaning that each 
course taken is considered to be equivalent to four semester hours of 
credit. Exceptions occur in applied music courses, which are offered for 
either one-half or one semester hour of credit, and in departments that 
have elected to offer certain courses for the equivalent of two semester 
hours of credit. Further, independent studies and internships carrying 
two semester hours of credit may be designed. The normal student 
course load is four courses during the fall and spring semesters. Students 
who elect to attend the special sessions may enroll in one course during 
the May term and one or two courses in the summer term. A student is 
considered full time when enrolled for a minimum of three courses dur- 
ing the fall or spring semesters, one course for the May term, and two 
courses for the summer term. Students may enroll in five courses during 
the fall and spring semesters if they are Lycoming Scholars or were ad- 
mitted to the Dean's List at the end of the previous semester. Exceptions 
may be granted by the Dean of the College. Overloads are not per- 
mitted during the May and summer terms. 

THE SYSTEM OF GRADING AND REPORTING OF GRADES 

The evaluation of student performance in credit courses is indicated by 
the use of traditional letter symbols. These symbols and their definitions 
are as follows: 

A Excellent — Signifies superior achievement through mas- 

tery of content or skills and demonstration of 
creative and independent thinking. 

B High Pass — Signifies better-than-average achievement 

wherein the student reveals insight and un- 
derstanding. 

C Pass — Signifies satisfactory achievement wherein 

the student's work has been of average quali- 



The Academic Program 19 



ty and quantity. The student has demon- 
strated basic competence in the subject area 
and may enroll in additional course work. 

D Low Pass — Signifies unsatisfactory achievement wherein 

the student met only the minimum require- 
ments for passing the course and should not 
continue in the subject area without depart- 
mental advice. 

F Failing — Signifies that the student has not met the 

minimum requirements for passing the 
course. 

I Incomplete Work — Assigned in accordance with the restrictions 

of established academic policy. 

S Passing Work, no — Converted from traditional grade of D or bet- 
grade assigned ter. 

U Vailing work, — Converted from traditional grade of F. 

no grade assigned. 

X Audit — Work as an auditor for which no credit is 

earned. 

W Withdrawal — Signifies withdrawal from the course early in 

the term when it cannot be determined that 
the student is passing or failing. 

WP Withdrawal, passing-Vat student was passing at the time of with- 
drawal; no credit is earned. 

WP Withdrawal, failing — The student was failing at the time of with- 
drawal; no credit is earned. 

Use of the satisfactory / unsatisfactory grading option is limited as 
follows (this does not apply to English 1): 

— students may enroll on an S / U basis in no more than one course 
per semester and no more than four courses during their under- 
graduate career. 

— S/U courses completed after declaration of the major may not be 
used to satisfy a requirement of that major, including courses re- 
quired by the major department which are offered by other 
departments. (Instructor-designed courses are excepted from this 
limitation.) 

— courses for which a grade of S is recorded may not be used toward 
fulfillment of any distribution requirement. 

— students may not enroll in English 2 on an S/U basis. 

— a course selected on an S/U basis which is subsequently with- 
drawn will not count toward the four-course limit. 

— instructor-designated courses may be offered during the May 
term with the approval of the Dean of the College. Such courses 



20 The Academic Program 



are not counted toward the four-course limit. 

— S/U grades are not computed in the grade point average. 

— students electing the S/U option may designate a minimum ac- 
ceptance letter grade of A or B. If the letter grade actually earned 
by the student equals or exceeds this minimum, that letter grade 
is entered on the student's permanent record and is computed in 
the grade point average. In such a case, the course does not count 
toward the four-course limit. If the student does not indicate a 
minimum acceptable letter grade or if the letter grade actually 
earned is lower than the minimum designated by the student, 
the Registrar substitutes an S for any passing grade (A, B, C, or 
D) and a U for an F grade. 

— students must declare the S/U option before the end of the 
period during which courses may be added during any given 
semester or term. 

— instructors are not notified which of their students are enrolled 
on an S/U basis. 

— students electing the S/U option are expected to perform the 
same work as those enrolled on a regular basis. 

Incomplete grades may be given if, for absolutely unavoidable 
reasons (usually medical in nature), the student has not been able to 
complete the work requisite to the course. An incomplete grade must be 
removed within six weeks of the next regular semester. 

ATTENDANCE 

The academic program at Lycoming is based upon the assumption that 
there is value in class attendance for all students. Individual instructors 
have the prerogative of establishing reasonable absence regulations in 
any course. The student is responsible for learning and observing these 
regulations. 

STUDENT RECORDS 

The policy regarding student educational records is designed to protect 
the privacy of students against unwarranted intrusions and is consistent 
with Section 438 of the General Education Provision Act (commonly 
known as the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, as 
amended). The details of the college policy on student records and the 
procedures for gaining access to student records are contained in the cur- 
rent issue of The Pathfinder, which is available in the library and the Of- 
fice of the Dean of the College. 

ACADEMIC STANDING AND ACADEMIC HONESTY 

Students will be placed on academic probation if either the number of 



The Academic Program 21 



hours completed or cumulative grade point average falls below the 
following standards: 

Semester Hours Completed Cumulative GPA 

(Full-time) 

1 12 1.66 

2 28 1.85 

3 44 1.90 

4 60 2.00 

5 76 2.00 

6 92 2.00 

7 108 2.00 

8 124 2.00 

Students will be subject to suspension from the college if they: 

— can not achieve good standing by the end of summer term; 

— are on probation for two consecutive semesters; 

— achieve a grade point average of 1.00 or below during any one 
semester. 

Students will be subject to dismissal from the college if they: 

— can not reasonably complete all requirements for a degree; 

— exceed 24 semester hours of unsuccessful course attempts (grades 
of F, U, W, WP, WF), except in the case of withdrawal for 
medical or psychological reasons. 

The integrity of the academic process of the college requires honesty 
in all phases of the instructional program. The college assumes that 
students are committed to the principle of academic honesty. Students 
who fail to honor this commitment are subject to dismissal. Procedural 
guidelines and rules for the adjudication of cases of academic dishonesty 
are printed in The Faculty Handbook and The Pathfinder '(the student 
academic handbook), copies of which are available in the library. 

CREDIT BY EXAMINATION 

Advanced Placement — Entering freshmen who have completed an 
advanced course while in secondary school and who have taken the ap- 
propriate advanced-placement examination of the College Entrance Ex- 
amination Board (CEEB) are encouraged to apply for credit and ad- 
vanced placement at the time of admission. A grade of three or above is 
considered satisfactory. 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) — Students may earn 
college credit for superior achievement through CLEP. By achieving at 
the 75th percentile or above on the General Examinations and the 65th 
percentile or above on approved Subject Examinations, students may 
earn up to 50 percent of the course requirements for a bachelor of arts 
degree. Although these examinations may be taken after enrollment, 



22 The Academic Program 



new students who are competent in a given area are encouraged to take 
the examinations of their choice during the second semester of their 
senior year so that Lycoming will have the test scores available for 
registration advisement for the first semester of enrollment. Further in- 
formation about CLEP may be obtained through the secondary-school 
guidance office or the Office of Admissions at Lycoming College. 

ACADEMIC HONORS 

Dean's List — Students are admitted to the Dean's List at the end of 
the fall and spring semesters if they have completed at least four courses 
with other than S/U grades, and have a minimum grade point average 
of precisely 3.50 for the semester. 

Graduation Honors — Students are awarded the bachelor of arts 
degree or the bachelor of fine arts degree with honors when they have 
earned the following grade point averages based on all courses attemp- 
ted, including courses transferred from other institutions to Lycoming: 

summa cum laude 3.90-4.00 

magna cum laude 3.50-3.89 

cum laude 3.25-3.49 

Academic Honor Awards, Prizes, and Societies — Superior academic 
achievement is recognized through the conferring of awards and prizes 
at the annual Honors Day convocation and Commencement and 
through election to membership in honor societies. 

Societies 

Blue Key Freshman Men 

.Gold Key Freshman Women 

Beta Beta Beta Biology 

Omicron Delta Epsilon Economics 

Phi Alpha Theta History 

Phi Sigma Tau Philosophy 

Sigma Pi Sigma Physics 

Pi Sigma Alpha Political Science 

Psi Chi Psychology 

Pi Gamma Mu Social Science 

Phi Kappa Phi General Academic 

Prizes and Awards 

American Chemical Society Award — The award, sponsored by the Sus- 
quehanna Valley Chapter of the society, is given to the outstanding 
senior in chemistry who plans to enter the profession. 

American Institute of Chemists Prize — The prize, given by the 
Philadelphia section of the institute, goes to the senior major for ex- 



The Academic Program 23 



cellence in chemistry. 

Bryon C. Brunstetter Science Award — The award is given for outstand- 
ing achievement in chemical and biological sciences. 

CRC Press Chemistry Achievement Award — The award is given to the 
freshman who has exhibited outstanding academic achievement in 
chemistry. 

Chieftain Award — Given by Lycoming, the college's most prestigious 
award is given to the senior who has contributed most to Lycoming 
through support of school activities; who has exhibited outstanding 
leadership qualities; who has worked effectively with other members of 
the college community; who has evidenced a good moral code; and 
whose academic rank is above the median for the preceding senior class. 

Civic Choir Award — The award, sponsored by the college choir, is 
given to the choir member who has outstanding musical ability and who 
has made significant leadership contributions to the choir. 

Class of 1907 Prize — The prize is given to the senior who has been 
outstanding in the promotion of college spirit through participation in 
athletics and other activities. 

Benjamin C. Conner Prize — The prize is given to the graduating stu- 
dent who has done outstanding work in mathematics. 

Durkheim Award — The award is given to the senior sociology / an- 
thropology major who has done outstanding work in the field. 

Bishop William Perry Eve land Prize — Sponsored by the college, the 
prize is given to the senior who has shown progress in scholarship, loyal- 
ty, school spirit, and participation in school activities. 

Excellence in Two-Dimensional Art Award — Sponsored by the Art 
Department, the award is given to the outstanding senior art major in 
this field. 

Excellence in Three-Dimensional Art Award — Sponsored by the Art 
Department, the award is given to the outstanding senior art major in 
this field. 

Excellence in Theatre Performance Award — Sponsored by the Theatre 
Department, the award is given to the student who has been outstand- 
ing as a performer in the Arena Theatre. 

Excellence in Technical Theatre Award — Sponsored by the Theatre 
Department, the award is given to the student who has been outstand- 
ing as a technician for the Arena Theatre. 

Excellence in Political Science Award — Given by the Political Science 
Department, the award goes to the senior political science major who 
has performed with excellence. 



24 The Academic Program 



J. W. Ferree Award — Given by the Mathematical Sciences Department 
in memory of the first mathematics professor at Lycoming's forerunner, 
the Dickinson Seminary, the award goes to the student most active in 
mathematical sciences. 

Faculty Prize — Sponsored by Lycoming, the prize is given to the com- 
muting student with satisfactory scholarship and who has been out- 
standing in promotion of school spirit through participation in school 
activities. 

DurantL. Furey III Memorial Prize — The prize is given to the senior ac- 
counting major who has shown outstanding achievement in accounting. 

Gillette Foreign Language Prizes — The prizes are given to the French, 
German, and Spanish majors who have achieved excellence in foreign 
languages. 

Edward J. Gray Prizes — Sponsored by Lycoming, the prizes are given to 
the graduating students with the highest and second highest averages. 

John P. Graham Award — Named in honor of a professor emeritus, the 
award is given to the senior English major who achieves the highest 
average in English. 

Dan Gustafson Award — In memory of a former member of the English 
Department, the award is given to the senior English major whose 
analytical writing demonstrates the highest standards of literary and 
critical excellence. 

IRUSKA Awards — The awards denote membership in the society for 
juniors who are very active on campus; they are given by the Office of 
Student Services. 

Junior Book Award — Sponsored by the Political Science Department, 
the award is given to the outstanding junior political science major. 

Elisha Benson Kline Prize — The prize is given to the senior 
mathematics major with outstanding achievement in the field. 

Charles J. Kocian Awards — The awards are given to the accounting, 
business administration, and economics majors who show the greatest 
proficiency in statistics; the mathematics major who shows the greatest 
proficiency in applied mathematics, and the graduating senior who 
shows the greatest proficiency in computer science. 

Don Lincoln Larrabee Law Prize — The prize is given to the graduating 
student who has shown outstanding scholarship in legal principles. 

C. Daniel Little Award — Sponsored by the Political Science Depart- 
ment, the prize is given to the outstanding student in public ad- 
ministration. 

John C. McCune Memorial Prizes — The prizes are given to the senior 
majors in mathematics, biology, chemistry, physics, philosophy, and 



The Academic Program 25 



psychology who have attained the highest averages. 

Walter J. Mclver Award — Named after Lycoming's former choir direc- 
tor, the award is given to the choir member who has made outstanding 
campus contributions outside of choir. 

Pennsylvania Institute of Certified Public Accountants Award — The 
award is given to the senior accounting major who has demonstrated 
high scholastic standing and qualities of leadership. 

Pocahantas Award — Sponsored by the Athletic Department, the award 
is given to Lycoming's outstanding female athlete. 

Research and Writing Prize in History — Sponsored by the History 
Department, the prize is given to the student who does the best work in 
History 45. 

Sadler Prize — Sponsored by the Mathematical Sciences Department, 
the prize is given to the student with the highest achievement in 
calculus, foundations of mathematics, algebra, and analysis. 

Senior Management Award — Sponsored by the Business Administra- 
tion Department, the award is given to the senior business major with 
the best senior project in Business Administration 41. 

Senior Scholarship Prize in History — The prize is given to the senior 
major with the highest average. 

Service to Lycoming Award — Sponsored by the Office of Student Ser- 
vices, the award is given to students who have made outstanding con- 
tributions to Lycoming. 

Frances K. Skeath Award — Sponsored by the Mathematical Sciences 
Department, the award is given to the senior with outstanding achieve- 
ment in mathematics. 

John A. Streeter Memorial Award in Economics — The award is given to 
the graduating student with outstanding achievement in economics. 

Tomahawk Award — Sponsored by the Athletic Department, the award 
is given to the outstanding male athlete. 

Trask Chemistry Prize — The prize is given to the senior chemistry ma- 
jor who has done outstanding work in the field. 

Wall Street Journal Award — Sponsored by the Business Administration 
Department, the award is given to the senior business major for ex- 
cellence in the field and service to the college community. 

Sol "Woody" Wolf Award — Sponsored by the Athletic Department, 
the award is given to the junior athlete who has shown the most im- 
provement. 

Women of Lycoming Scholarship — The scholarship is given to the 



26 The Academic Program 



junior woman student who has shown satisfactory scholarship, outstand- 
ing school spirit, and who is active in campus activities. 

Departmental Honors — Honors projects are normally undertaken 
only in a student's major, and are available only to exceptionally well- 
qualified students who have a solid background in the area of the pro- 
ject and are capable of considerable self-direction. The prerequisites for 
registration in an honors program are as follows: 

— a faculty member from the department(s) in which the honors 
project is to be undertaken must agree to be the director and 
must secure departmental approval of the project. 

— the director, in consultation with the student, must convene a 
committee consisting of two faculty members from the depart- 
ment in which the project is to be undertaken, one of whom is 
the director of the project, and one faculty member from each of 
two other departments related to the subject matter of the study. 

— the honors committee must then certify by their signatures on the 
application that the project in question is academically legitimate 
and worthy of pursuit as an honors project, and that the student 
in question is qualified to pursue the project. 

— the project must be approved by the Committee on Individual 
Studies. 

Students successfully complete honors projects by satisfying the 
following conditions in accordance with guidelines established by the 
Committee on Individual Studies: 

— the student must produce a substantial research paper, critical 
study, or creative project. If the end product is a creative project, 
a critical paper analyzing the techniques and principles employed 
and the nature of the achievement represented in the project 
shall be submitted. 

— the student must successfully explain and defend the work in a 
final oral examination given by the honors committee. 

— the honors committee must certify that the student has success- 
fully defended the project, and that the student's achievement is 
clearly superior to that which would ordinarily be required to 
earn a grade of "A" in a regular independent-studies course. 

— the Committee on Individual Studies must certify that the stu- 
dent has satisfied all of the conditions mentioned above. 

Except in unusual circumstances, honors projects are expected to involve 
independent study in two consecutive unit courses. Successful comple- 
tion of the honors project will cause the designation of honors in that 
department to be placed upon the permanent record. Acceptable theses 
are deposited in the college library. In the event that the study is not 
completed successfully or is not deemed worthy of honors, the student 



The Academic Program 27 



shall be re-registered in independent studies and given a final grade for 
the course. 

SPECIAL FEATURES 

Independent Studies — Independent studies are available to any 
qualified student who wishes to engage in and receive academic credit 
for any academically legitimate course of study for which he or she could 
not otherwise receive credit. It may be pursued at any level (introduc- 
tory, intermediate, or advanced) and in any department, whether or not 
the student is a major in that department. Studies projects which 
duplicate catalog courses are sometimes possible, and are subject to the 
same provisions which apply to all studies projects. In order for a student 
to be registered in an independent-study course, the following condi- 
tions must be satisfied: 

— an appropriate member of the faculty must agree to supervise the 
project and must certify by signing the application form that the 
project is academically legitimate and involves an amount of work 
appropriate for the amount of academic credit requested, and 
that the student in question is qualified to pursue the project. 

— the studies project must be approved by the chairman of the 
department in which the studies project is to be undertaken. 

— after the project is approved by the instructor and by the chair- 
man of the appropriate department, the studies project must be 
approved by the Committee on Individual Studies. 

In addition, participation in independent-studies projects, with the 
exception of those which duplicate catalog courses, is subject to the 
following: 

— students may not engage in more than one independent-studies 
project during any given semester. 

— students may not engage in more than two independent-studies 
projects during their academic career at Lycoming College. 

As with other academic policies, any exceptions to these two rules 
must be approved by the Academic Standing Committee. 

Internship Program — An internship is a course jointly sponsored by 
the college and a public or private agency or subdivision of the college in 
which a student is enabled to earn college credit by participating in some 
active capacity as an assistant, aide, or apprentice. At least one-half of 
the effort expended by the intern should consist of academic work 
related to agency situations. The objectives of the internship program 
are (1) to further the development of a central core of values, 
awarenesses, strategies, skills, and information through experiences out- 
side the classroom or other campus situations, and (2) to facilitate the in- 
tegration of theory and practice by encouraging students to relate their 



28 The Academic Program 




on-campus academic experiences more directly to society in general and 
to possible career and other post-baccalaureate objectives in particular. 

Any junior or senior student in good academic standing may petition 
the Committee on Individual Studies for approval to serve as an intern. 
A maximum of 16 credits can be earned through the internship pro- 
gram. Guidelines for program development, assignment of tasks and 
academic requirements, such as exams, papers, reports, grades, etc., are 
established in consultation with a faculty director at Lycoming and an 
agency supervisor at the place of internship. 

Students with diverse majors have participated in a wide variety of 
internships, including those with the Allenwood Federal Prison Camp, 
Lycoming County Commissioners Office, Department of Environmental 
Resources, Head Start, Lycoming County Historical Society, business 
and accounting firms, law offices, hospitals, social service agencies, 
banks, and congressional offices. 



The Academic Program 29 



May Term — The May term is a four-week voluntary session design- 
ed to provide students with courses listed in the catalog and experimen- 
tal and special courses that are not normally available during the fall and 
spring semesters and summer term. Some courses are offered on cam- 
pus; others involve travel. A number offer interdisciplinary credit. Illus- 
trations of the types of courses offered during the May term are: 

(a) Study-Travel: Cultural Tours of Germany, Spain, France, Ire- 
land, and the United Kingdom; Archeological Expeditions to the Mid- 
dle East; Oceanographic Expeditions in Bermuda; Literature of the Sea 
on location in the Caribbean; Anthropological Expeditions to New Mex- 
ico to study tri-cultural communities; Utopian Communities; Pho- 
tography Workshops in Vermont; Revolutionary and Civil War Sites. 

(b) On-Campus: Financial Statement Analysis, Silk-screen Printing, 
Field Geology, History of Astronomy, Field Ornithology, Chemical 
Analysis, Managing the Small Business, Women in Management, 
Energy Economics, Public School Curriculum, Writer's Seminar, 
Modern American Humor, The Norman Kingdom, Practical Logic, 
Psychology of Group Processes, Ancient Near East Religion, Juvenile 
Delinquency. 

Although participation in the May term is voluntary, student 
response has been outstanding with approximately 25 to 30 percent of 
the student body enrolling. In addition to the courses themselves, at- 
tractions include small and informal classes and reduced tuition rates. 

Study Abroad — Students have the opportunity to study abroad 
under auspices of approved universities and agencies: While study 
abroad is particularly attractive to students majoring in foreign 
languages and literatures, this opportunity is open to all students in 
good academic standing. Mastery of a foreign language is desirable but 
not required in all programs. A file of opportunities is available in the 
library. 

NOTE: Lycoming College cannot assume responsibility for the health, safety, or welfare 
of any student engaged in or en route to or from any off -campus study or activity not 
under the exclusive jurisdiction of this institution. 

Auditors — Any person may audit courses at Lycoming at one- 
fourth tuition per course. Laboratory and other special fees must be paid 
in full. Examinations, papers, and other evaluation devices are not re- 
quired of auditors, but individual arrangements may be made to com- 
plete such exercises with the consent of the instructor. 

Part-Time Students — Any person may take up to two courses dur- 
ing any semester or summer term (one in May term). Part-time special 
students pay the $15 application fee for the first registration and the 
part-time tuition rate in effect at the time of each enrollment. 



30 The Academic Program 




jg$S~^ - 



COOPERATIVE PROGRAMS 

Lycoming has developed several cooperative programs to provide 
students with opportunities to extend their knowledge, abilities, and 
talents in selected areas through access to the specialized academic pro- 
grams and facilities of other colleges, universities, academies, and 
hospitals. Although thorough advisement and curricular planning are 
provided for each of the cooperative programs, admission to Lycoming 
and registration in the program of choice does not guarantee admission 
to the cooperating institution. The prerogative of admitting students to 
the cooperative aspect of the program rests with the cooperating institu- 
tion. Students who are interested in a cooperative program should con- 
tact the coordinator during the first week of the first semester of their 
enrollment at Lycoming. This is necessary to plan their course programs 
in a manner that will insure completion of required courses according to 
the schedule stipulated for the program. All cooperative programs re- 
quire special coordination of course scheduling at Lycoming. 

Engineering — Combining the advantages of a liberal-arts educa- 
tion and the technical training of an engineering curriculum, this pro- 
gram is offered in conjunction with Bucknell University and The Penn- 
sylvania State University. Students complete three years of study at 
Lycoming and two years at the cooperating university. Upon satisfactory 
completion of the first year of engineering studies, Lycoming awards the 
bachelor of arts degree. When students successfully complete the second 
year of engineering studies, the cooperating university awards the 
bachelor of science degree in engineering. 

At Lycoming, students complete the distribution program and 
courses in physics, mathematics, and chemistry. Engineering specialties 
offered at Bucknell University include chemical, civil, electrical, and 
mechanical. The Pennsylvania State University offers aerospace, 



The Academic Program 31 



chemical, civil, electrical, environmental, industrial, mechanical, min- 
ing, nuclear, and petroleum engineering. 

Forestry or Environmental Studies — Lycoming College offers a 
cooperative program with Duke University in environmental manage- 
ment and forestry. Qualified students can earn the bachelor's and 
master's degrees in five years, spending three years at Lycoming and two 
years at Duke. All Lycoming distribution and major requirements must 
be completed by the end of the junior year. At the end of the first year 
at Duke, the B.A. degree will be awarded by Lycoming. Duke will 
award the professional degree of Master of Forestry or Master of En- 
vironmental Management to qualified candidates at the end of the sec- 
ond year. 

The major program emphases at Duke are Natural Resources Sci- 
ence/Ecology, Natural Resources Systems Science, and Natural Re 
sources Economics /Policy. The program is flexible enough, however, to 
accommodate a variety of individual designs. An undergraduate major 
in one of the natural sciences, social sciences, or business may provide 
good preparation for the programs at Duke, but a student with any 
undergraduate concentration will be considered for admission. All 
students need at least two courses each in biology, mathematics, and 
economics. 

Students begin the program at Duke in July after their junior year at 
Lycoming with a one-month session of field work in natural resource 
measurements. They must complete a total of 60 units which generally 
takes four semesters. 

Some students prefer to complete the bachelor's degree before 
undertaking graduate study at Duke. The master's degree requirements 
for these students are the same as for those students entering after the 
junior year, but the 60-unit requirement may be reduced for completed 
relevant undergraduate work of satisfactory quality. All credit reduc- 
tions are determined individually and consider the student's educa- 
tional background and objectives. 

Medical Technology — Students desiring a career in medical 
technology may either complete a bachelor of arts program followed by a 
clinical internship at any American Medical Association accredited 
hospital, or they may complete the cooperative program. Students elec- 
ting the cooperative program normally study for three years at Lycom- 
ing, during which time they complete 24 unit courses, including the col- 
lege distribution requirements, a major, and requirements of the Na- 
tional Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS). 
The current requirements of the NAACLS are: four courses in chemistry 
(one of which must be either organic or biochemistry); four courses in 
biology (including courses in microbiology and immunology), and one 
course in mathematics. 



32 The Academic Program 



Students in the cooperative program usually major in biology, 
following a modified major of six unit courses that exempts them from 
Ecology (Biology 24) and Plant Sciences (Biology 25). Students must 
take either Animal Physiology (Biology 23) or Cell Physiology (Biology 
35). The cooperative program requires successful completion of a one- 
year internship at an American Medical Association accredited hospital. 
Lycoming is affiliated with the following accredited hospitals: Williams- 
port, Divine Providence, Robert Packer, Lancaster, and Abington. Stu- 
dents in the cooperative program receive credit at Lycoming for each of 
eight unit courses in biology and chemistry successfully completed dur- 
ing the clinical internship. Successful completion of the Registry Exami- 
nation is not considered a graduation requirement at Lycoming College. 

Students entering a clinical internship for one year after graduation- 
from Lycoming must complete all of the requirements of the cooperative 
program, but are not eligible for the biology major exemptions indi- 
cated above. Upon graduation, such students may apply for admission 
to a clinical program at any hospital. 

Optometry — Through the Accelerated Optometry Education Cur- 
riculum Program, students interested in a career in optometry may 
qualify for admission to the Pennsylvania College of Optometry after 
only three years at Lycoming College. After four years at the Penn- 
sylvania College of Optometry, a student will earn a Doctor of Op- 
tometry degree. Selection of candidates for the professional segment of 
the program is completed by the admissions committee of the Penn- 
sylvania College of Optometry during the student's third year at Lycom- 
ing. (This is one of two routes that students may choose. Any student, of 
course, may follow the regular application procedures for admission to 
the Pennsylvania College of Optometry or another college of optometry 
to matriculate following completion of his or her baccalaureate 
program.) During the three years at Lycoming College, the student will 
complete 24 unit courses, including all distribution requirements, and 
will prepare for his or her professional training by obtaining a solid 
foundation in biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics. During the 
first year of study at the Pennsylvania College of Optometry, the student 
will take 39 semester hours of basic science courses in addition to in- 
troductions to optometry and health care. Successful completion of the 
first year of professional training will complete the course requirements 
for the B.A. degree at Lycoming College. 

Most students will find it convenient to major in biology in order to 
satisfy the requirements of Lycoming College and the Pennsylvania Col- 
lege of Optometry. Such students are allowed to complete a modified 
biology major which will exempt them from two biology courses: 
Ecology (Bio. 24) and Plant Sciences (Bio. 25). (This modified major re- 
quires the successful completion of the initial year at the Pennsylvania 



The Academic Program 33 



College of Optometry). Students desiring other majors must coordinate 
their plans with the Health Professions Advisory Committee in order to 
insure that they have satisfied all requirements. 

Podiatry — Students interested in podiatry may either seek admis- 
sion to a college of podiatric medicine upon completion of the bachelor 
of arts degree or through the Accelerated Podiatric Medical Education- 
Curriculum Program (APMEC). The latter program provides an oppor- 
tunity for students to qualify for admission to the Pennsylvania College 
of Podiatric Medicine (PCPM) after three years of study at Lycoming. At 
Lycoming, students in the APMEC program must successfully complete 
24 unit courses, including the distribution program and a basic founda- 
tion in biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics. During the first 
year of study at PCPM, students must successfully complete the 
equivalent of 48 semester hours of basic science courses in addition to a 
program in introduction to podiatry. Successful completion of the first 
year of professional training will contribute toward the fulfillment of the 
course requirements for the bachelor of arts degree at Lycoming. 

Sculpture — The Art Department with the Johnson Atelier 
Technical Institute of Sculpture in Princeton, New Jersey, offers a BFA 
degree in sculpture. It uses a classical apprenticeship approach as its 
teaching method. This ancient method of teaching is combined at 
Johnson with the most modern and technically advanced foundry and 
fabricating techniques. 

The Art Department offers a synthesis program that interrelates the 
student experience at both institutions. This is achieved by having the 
student rotate between Lycoming and the atelier so that each form of 
education is preparation for the other. Lycoming offers a core academic 
program, a course of study in the Art Department, and elective course 
opportunities. Lycoming gives eight course units of college credit to the 
student for having successfully completed one of the apprenticeship pro- 
grams at the Johnson Atelier. 

All work completed by the student at Lycoming by the end of the 
sophomore year will be applicable to a bachelor of arts degree with a ma- 
jor in art should the student decide to withdraw from the BFA program. 
If the student should withdraw from the cooperative program prior to 
completing the apprenticeship at the Johnson Atelier, Lycoming will 
give up to four units of credit or one semester's work for the internship. 
If, however, the student completes more work at the atelier than the 
four units, that extra work will not be credited to the bachelor of arts 
degree; it will only be used as part of the bachelor of fine arts degree, 
and then only if the course at the atelier is completed. 

This course of study is very rigorous. It will require that the student 
be involved almost continuously, either at Lycoming or at the Johnson 
Atelier, during the four years it will take to complete the degree. (See 
Art Department listing for specific program.) 



34 The Academic Program 



Reserve Officers Training Corps Program (R.O.T.C.) — The pro- 
gram provides a voluntary opportunity for Lycoming students to enroll 
on a non-credit basis in the Bucknell University R.O.T.C. unit. Lycom- 
ing notes enrollment in and successful completion of the program on 
student transcripts. Military Science is a four-year program divided into 
a basic course given during the freshman and sophomore years and an 
advanced course given during the junior and senior years. Students who 
have not completed the basic course may qualify for the advanced course 
by completing summer camp between the sophomore and junior years. 
Students enrolled in the advanced course receive a monthly stipend of 
$100 for up to 10 months a year. Students successfully completing the 
advanced course and advanced summer camp between the junior and 
senior years will qualify for a commission as a Second Lieutenant in the 
United States Army upon graduation, and will incur a service obligation 
in the active Army or Army Reserves. The only expense to the student 
for this program is the $60 basic and advanced course deposits payable 
to Bucknell. 

Student Enrichment Semester — This voluntary program is designed 
to expand academic and life opportunities for students and to provide 
for participation in specialized programs and courses not available at 
Lycoming. Other members of the program are Bucknell and Susque- 
hanna Universities, the Williamsport Area Community College, and 
Bloomsburg, Lock Haven, and Mansfield State Colleges. Students other 
than freshmen enroll full or part time for credit, normally for one 
semester or term, at any participating institution in selected courses. 
Students in the program remain fully enrolled as degree candidates at 
their home institutions. A special opportunity within the program is the 
cross-registration arrangement with the Williamsport Area Community 
College, whereby students may enroll for less than a full-time course 
load while remaining enrolled in courses at Lycoming. 

Washington, United Nations, and London Semesters — With the 
consent of the Department of Political Science, selected students are 
permitted to study in Washington, D.C., at The American University 
for one semester. They may choose from seven different programs: 
Washington Semester, Urban Semester, Foreign Policy Semester, Inter- 
national Development Semester, Economic Policy Semester, Science and 
Technology Semester, American Studies Semester. 

With the consent of either the Department of History or Political 
Science, selected students may enroll at Drew University in Madison, 
New Jersey, in the United Nations Semester, which is designed to pro- 
vide a first-hand acquaintance with the world organization. Students 
with special interests in world history, international relations, law, and 
politics are eligible to participate. 

The London Semester programs of Drew and The American Univer- 



The Academic Program 33 



sities emphasize European history, politics, and culture. Interested 
students participate with the consent of either the Departments of 
History or Political Science. 

Normally the above special-semester programs are open only to 
juniors. 

Lycoming College cannot assume responsibility for the health, safety, or welfare or 
students engaged in or en route to or from any off-campus studies or activities which are 
not under the exclusive jurisdiction of this institution. 




THE LYCOMING SCHOLAR PROGRAM 

The Lycoming College Scholar Program is a special program for special 
people. It is designed to meet the needs and aspirations of highly 
motivated students of superior intellectual ability. It offers these people 
the opportunity to develop their full potential through an innovative 
and demanding academic course of study. It is a constantly evolving, 
carefully supervised program which keeps pace with new trends in 
education. Since it consists of carefully selected and supervised 



36 The Academic Program 



students, it can incorporate ideas and policies far in advance of the in- 
stitution as a whole. 

The present Scholar Program features a strong core curriculum so 
that its students will have the kind of background in the liberal arts 
which educational leaders throughout the nation now recognize as a 
fundamental necessity in coping with a rapidly changing, increasingly 
complex world. The program also attempts to help students understand 
the relationships between the academic disciplines by incorporating 
special seminars which draw together the specific content of various 
fields into a coherent whole so that the information can be applied to 
important issues of the present and the future. 

In addition, the program recognizes the positive aspects of a major, 
which prepares students to assume specific roles in life by providing par- 
ticipants the opportunity to engage in serious independent study and 
thought culminating in a major senior project presented to fellow 
scholars. 

In short, the Scholar Program represents a strong commitment on 
the part of Lycoming College to meet the needs of talented students 
who themselves have a sincere commitment to high, quality scholarship 
and intellectual development. 

Students are admitted to the program through invitation by the 
Scholar Council, a group which oversees the program. The council con- 
sists of four students elected by current scholars and four faculty selected 
by the Dean of the College. The guidelines governing selection of new 
scholars are flexible because exceptional individuals express their talents 
in different ways. Some do so through traditional indicators of academic 
excellence, such as superior rank in class, high GPA, or superior SAT 
scores; others through extracurricular activities which demand a high 
degree of intellectual curiosity, motivation, imagination, creativity, or 
desire for excellence, and still others through an obvious commitment to 
the value of intellectual dialogue, independent thought, and the con- 
cept of an outstanding liberal-arts education. 

To remain in the program, students must maintain an average of 
3.00 or better. Students dropping below this average will be placed on 
probation until their average is again satisfactory, or they are asked to 
leave the program. 

To graduate as a Scholar, students must have at least a 3.25 
cumulative average. They must take the First Year Scholar Seminar dur- 
ing their first semester in the program. In addition, the following core 
requirements must be completed. 

A. Writing. Scholars must display above-average writing skills by 
the end of the sophomore year, as certified by the Department of 
English and the Scholar Council. This requirement may be met by ob- 
taining a sufficiently high score on an appropriate CLEP examination or 
by a grade of "B" in English 2. Students not meeting the requirement 



The Academic Program 37 



in either of these ways by the end of the freshman year will be asked to 
do extra work until the competency is reached. 

B. Foreign Lanuage. Scholars must complete the second semester of 
an intermediate-level language course, or one numbered higher, or 
demonstrate an equivalent proficiency in an exam designed by the 
Department of Foreign Languages. 

C. History. Scholars must complete History 10, 11 (Europe 1500 to 
present). 

D. Mathematical Science. Scholars must successfully complete one 
course in mathematical sciences from among the following: 9, 13, 15, 
18, or higher. 

E. Physical Education. Scholars must satisfy the same physical 
education requirement stipulated by the college for all students. 

F. Scholars must complete one course and one Scholar Seminar in 
each of the four divisions of study described below. 

The four divisions of learning in the Scholar Program are designed to 
parallel the college distribution requirements not included in the 
Scholar Program core curriculum. The Scholar Council gives these 
slightly different titles: Studies in Society, Philosophy and Religion, 
Literature and the Fine Arts, Modeling Quantitative Phenomena. These 
titles differ because the council reserves the right to allow its students to 
take courses outside the departments included in the traditional 
distribution structure if those courses parallel those in the college-wide 
requirements. 1 

Scholars must take one "upper level" course in each division and 
one seminar designated by the Scholar Council, which develops a 
transdisciplinary approach to a problem relating to that area. Generally, 
courses from the appropriate departments numbered 20 or above will 
satisfy this upper-level requirement. In some areas, especially Modeling 
Quantitative Phenomena, Scholars will have to take lower-level courses 
as prerequisites to upper-level ones. This is designed to encourage 
Scholars to pursue a more rigorous curriculum. Scholars will find it 
possible in most cases to take a single course in that track if they select 
wisely. 

G. A senior project must be completed based on some aspects of the 
major. Normally, this project will be done as either an independent or 
honors study sponsored by an instructor from the major field and a 
faculty member of the Council. 

H. Scholars must complete a major and 32 units, exclusive of the 
First Year Scholar Seminar. 

Certain departments offer courses that clearly fit in more than one division. 
For example, psychology offers courses that belong in the quantitative division 
and others that belong in the studies in society area. 



The Curriculum 

Numbers 1-9 Elementary courses in departments where such courses are 

not counted as part of the student's major. 
Numbers 10-19 Freshman level courses 
Numbers 20-29 Sophomore level courses 
Numbers 30-39 Junior level courses 
Numbers 40-49 Senior level courses 

Numbers 50-59 Non-catalog courses (offered on a limited basis) 
Numbers 60-69 Applied Music 
Numbers 70-79 Internships 
Numbers 80-89 Independent Study 
Numbers 90-99 Independent Study for Department Honors 

Courses not in sequence are listed separately, as: 

Introduction to Art Art 10 

Drawing Art 11 

Courses which imply a sequence are indicated with a dash between, 
meaning that the first semester must be taken prior to the second, as: 

Intermediate French French 10-11 

All students have the right of access to all courses. 

ACCOUNTING 

Professor: Richmond (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Kuhns 

The purpose of the accounting major is to help prepare the student for a career 
within the accounting profession, whether public, private, or governmental, 
through a curriculum stressing pre-professional education. 

A major consists of Accounting 10, 20-21, 30, 40, 41, 43, 45, Mathematics 
13, Computer Science 15, and one and one-half units to be selected from Ac- 
counting 25, 26, 31, 42, 44, 46, 47, and 48 or Internship. Business 10 may be 
substituted for Accounting 10 if a student changes majors. Duplicate credit will 
not be granted. 

Students seeking entry into the public accounting field are advised to inves- 
tigate the professional requirements for certification in the state in which they 
intend to practice so that they may meet all educational requirements prior to 
graduation. All majors are advised to enroll in Economics 10 and 11, Business 
35, 36, and 38, and one of the following: Business 33, Economics 20, or 37. 

10 ELEMENTARY ACCOUNTING THEORY 

An introductory course in recording, classifying, summarizing, and inter- 
preting the basic business transaction. Problems of classification and inter- 
pretation of accounts and preparation of financial statements are studied. 
Prerequisite: Second-semester freshman or consent of instructor. 



40 The Curriculum 



20-21 INTERMEDIATE ACCOUNTING THEORY 

An intensive study of accounting statements and analytical procedures 
with an emphasis upon corporate accounts, various decision models, price- 
level models, earnings per share, pension accounting, accounting for 
leases, and financial statement analysis. Prerequisite: Accounting 10. 

25 FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS 

Deals with the analysis of financial statements as an aid to decision mak- 
ing. The theme of the course is understanding the financial data which are 
analyzed as well as the methods by which they are analyzed and inter- 
preted. This course should prove of value to all who need a thorough 
understanding of the uses to which financial statements are put as well as 
to those who must know how to use them intelligently and effectively. This 
includes accountants, security analysts, lending officers, credit analysts, 
managers, and all others who make decisions on the basis of financial data. 
Prerequisite: Accounting 10 or Business 10. May term. 

26 GOVERNMENTAL AND FUND ACCOUNTING 

This course is designed to introduce accounting for not-for-profit organiza- 
tions. Municipal accounting and reporting are studied. Prerequisite: Ac- 
counting 10 or Business 10. One -half unit of credit. 

30-31 COST AND BUDGETARY ACCOUNTING THEORY 

Methods of accounting for material, labor, and factory overhead expenses 
consumed in manufacturing using job order, process, and standard 
costing. Application of cost accounting and budgeting theory to decision 
making in the areas of make or buy, expansion of production and sales, 
and accounting for control are dealt with. Prerequisite: Accounting 20 or 
consent of instructor. 

40 AUDITING THEORY 

A study of the science or art of verifying, analyzing, and interpreting ac- 
counts and reports. The goal of the course is to emphasize concepts which 
will enable students to understand the philosophy and environment of 
auditing. Special attention is given to the public accounting profession, 
studying auditing standards, professional ethics, the legal liability inherent 
in the attest function, the study and evaluation of internal control, the 
nature of evidence, the growing use of statistical sampling, the impact of 
electronic data processing, and the basic approach to planning an audit. 
Finally, various audit reports expressing independent expert opinions on 
the fairness of financial statements are studied. Prerequisite: Accounting 
21, Mathematics 13, and Computer Science 15. 



The Curriculum 41 



41 FEDERAL INCOME TAX ACCOUNTING AND PLANNING 

Analysis of the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code relating to income 
deductions, inventories, and accounting methods. Practical problems in- 
volving determination of income and deductions, capital gains and losses, 
computation and payment of taxes through withholding at the source, and 
through declaration are considered. Planning transactions so that a 
minimum amount of tax will result is emphasized. Prerequisite: Account- 
ing 10 or consent of instructor. 

42 FEDERAL INCOME TAX ADMINISTRATION AND PLANNING 

An analysis of the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code relating to part- 
nerships, estates, trusts, and corporations. An extensive series of problems 
is considered, and effective tax planning is emphasized. Prerequisite: Ac- 
counting 41. 

43 ADVANCED ACCOUNTING I 

An intensive study of partnerships, installment and consignment sales, 
branch accounting, bankruptcy and reorganization, estates and trusts, 
government entities, nonprofit organizations, and accounting and report- 
ing for the SEC. Prerequisite: Accounting 21. One -half unit of credit. 

AA CONTROLLERSHIP 

Control process in the organization. General systems theory, financial con- 
trol systems, centralization-decentralization, performance measurement 
and evaluation, forecasts and budgets, and marketing, production and 
finance models for control purposes. Prerequisite: Accounting 31 or con- 
sent of instructor. Alternate years. 

45 AUDITING PRACTICE 

An audit project is presented, solved and the auditor's report written. 
THIS COURSE IS LIMITED TO STUDENTS WHO HAVE EITHER 
COMPLETED OR ARE ENROLLED IN ACCOUNTING 40. One- half 
unit of credit. 

46 SEMINAR ON APB OPINIONS AND FASB STANDARDS 

A seminar course for accounting majors with library assignments to gain a 
workable understanding of the highly technical opinions of the Account- 
ing Principles Board and standards of the Financial Accounting Standards 
Board. One term paper. Possible trip to New York City to attend a public 
hearing of the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Prerequisite: Ac- 
counting 10. May term. 

47 ADVANCED ACCOUNTING II 

Certain areas of advanced accounting theory, including business combina- 



42 The Curriculum 



tions, consolidated financial statements, and accounting and reporting for 
the Securities and Exchange Commission are covered. Prerequisite: Ac- 
counting 21. One-half unit of credit. 

48 CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS FOR CPA CANDIDATES 

Problems from the Accounting Practice sections of past C.P.A. examina- 
tions, which require a thorough knowledge of the core courses in their 
solution, are assigned. The course is intended to meet the needs of those 
interested in public accounting and preparation for the Certified Public 
Accountants Examination. Prerequisite: Accounting 30 or consent of in- 
structor. One -half unit of credit. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns in accounting typically work off campus under the supervision of a 
public or private accountant. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Typical examples of recent studies in accounting are: computer program to 
generate financial statements, educational core for public accountants, in- 
ventory control, and church taxation. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 



ACCOUNTING — MATHEMATICS 

Assistant Professor: Kuhns (Coordinator) 

The accounting-mathematics interdisciplinary major is designed to offer, 
within a liberal-arts framework, courses which will aid in constructing 
mathematical models for business decision making. Students obtain a substan- 
tial background in mathematics and a working knowledge in accounting. 

Majors will be only four courses short of a math major and three courses 
short of an accounting major. Required accounting courses are: Accounting 10, 
20, 21, 30, 31. In mathematics they are: Mathematics 18, 19, 20, and 37 plus 
two courses from Mathematics 21, 31, 32, and 33. Business courses required 
are: Business 35 and 36. Recommended courses include: Mathematics 13 and 
Computer Science 15; Business 23, 34, 38, and 39; Economics 10 and 11; Psy- 
chology 15 and 24, and Sociology 10. 

AMERICAN STUDIES 

Associate Professor: Piper (Coordinator) 

The American Studies major offers a comprehensive program in American 
civilization which introduces students to the complexities underlying the 
development of America and its contemporary life. The 13 major courses in- 
clude: 



The Curriculum 43 



FOUR CORE COURSES — The primary integrating units of the major, 
these team-taught courses will teach you how to think of ideas from different 
points of view and how to correlate information and methods from various 
disciplines: 

America As a Civilization (First semester of major study) 
American Studies — Research and Methodology (Second semester) 
American Tradition in the Arts and Literature (Third semester) 
Internship or Independent Study (Junior and / or senior year) 

CONCENTRATION AREAS — Six courses in one option and three in the 
other are needed. Six primary concentration-option courses in American Arts or 
American Society build around the insights gained in the core courses. They 
focus particular attention on areas most germane to academic and vocational in- 
terests. The three additional courses from the other option give further breadth 
to understanding of America. Students also will be encouraged to take elective 
courses relating to other cultures. 

American Arts Concentration Option 

American Art — Art 24 

American Art of the 20th Century — Art 32 

19th Century American Literature — English 16 

20th Century American Literature — English 17 

American Music — Music 51 

American Theatre — Theatre 51 

American Society Concentration Option 

U.S. Social and Intellectual History to 1877 — History 42 

U.S. Social and Intellectual History since 1877 — History 43 

The American Constitutional System — Political Science 30 

The American Political Tradition — Political Science 47 

American Economic Development — Economics 51 

Racial and Cultural Minorities — Sociology 34 

Students should design their American Studies major in consultation with 
the program coordinator or a member of the American Studies Commit- 
tee. 

10 AMERICA AS A CIVILIZATION 

An analysis of the historical, socio-cultural, economic, and political 
perspectives on American civilization with special attention to the inter- 
relationships between these various orientations. 

11 AMERICAN STUDIES — RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGY 

The study and application of various research methods, including new 
trends in historical study, quantitative analysis, cross-cultural studies, and 
on-site inspection. 

12 AMERICAN TRADITION IN THE ARTS AND LITERATURE 

The relationships of the arts and literature to the various historical periods 



44 The Curriculum 



of American life. 

70-79 or 80-89 INTERNSHIP OR INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

An opportunity to relate the learning in the core courses and the concen- 
tration areas to an actual supervised off-campus learning situation or in- 
dependent, study project. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR HONORS (See Index) 



ART 

Associate Professor: Shipley (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Bogle 
Instructor: Lesko 
Part-Time Instructor: Mallinson 

The Art Department offers two degree programs: a bachelor of arts degree and 
a bachelor of fine arts in sculpture. 

The B.A. degree: 

The student chooses between a two-dimensional and a three-dimensional 
studio track, and completes a core art history program. 

The two-dimensional track consists of Drawing I and II (Art 11 and 21), 
Figure Modeling I (Art 16), Two-Dimensional Design (Art 15), and Painting I 
and II (Art 20 and 30). Printmaking I and II (Art 28 and 38) may be substituted 
for Painting I and II (Art 20 and 30). 

The three-dimensional track consists of Drawing I and II (Art 11 and 21), 
Figure Modeling I (Art 16), Sculpture I and II (Art 25 and 35), and either 
Figure Modeling II (Art 26) or Sculpture III (Art 45). 

Each major must take Art 22 and 23 (Survey of Art) and two additional 
courses in art history (Art 24-31-32-33-34). Studio Research (Art 46) in the 
chosen track is required along with participation in a senior exhibition. 

The BFA degree in sculpture: 

The student completes a specified course of study in the Art Department, the 
Lycoming College distribution requirements, and one of the field specializa- 
tion apprenticeship programs at the Johnson Atelier in Princeton, New Jersey. 

The Art Department course of study consists of 12 courses in studio and art 
history: Figure Modeling I and II (Art 16 and 26), Sculpture I and II (Art 25 
and 35), Drawing I and II (Art 11 and 21), Introduction to Photography (Art 
27), 2-D Design (Art 15), Survey of Art (Art 22 and 23), and two additional 
courses in Art History (Art 24, 31, 32, 33, 34). 

Twelve additional course units are required of the student. The student 
must meet the requirements of the distribution program within these courses. 

The student must also complete one of the field specialization appren- 
ticeships at the Johnson Atelier Technical Institute of Sculpture in Princeton, 



The Curriculum 45 



New Jersey. This requires the student to be at the Johnson Atelier for a period 
of between 16 and 23V2 months. The student receives eight course units of 
credit at Lycoming College for successfully completing the field specialization 
apprenticeship at Johnson Atelier. It is expected that the work for the appren- 
ticeship component will be completed during the summers and the junior year. 
Admission to the BFA degree program is on the basis of meeting the ad- 
mission standards of Lycoming College, and passing a portfolio review and in- 
terview by members of the Lycoming College Art Department. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO ART 

Course includes basic studio work in two and three dimensions as well as 
lecture and slide presentations. The goal of the course is to equip the stu- 
dent with the skills and background necessary to approach art in an open 
and receptive manner. 

11 DRAWING I 

Study of the human figure with gesture and proportion stressed. Student is 
made familiar with different drawing techniques and media. Some draw- 
ing from nature. Offered in alternate semesters with Drawing II and III. 

12 COLOR THEORY 

A study of the physical and emotional aspects of color. Emphasis will be 
placed on the study of color as an aesthetic agent for the artist. The color 
theories of Johannes Itten will form the base for this course with some 
study of the theories of Albert Munsell, Faber Berren, and Wilhelm 
Ostwald. May term only. 

15 TWO-DIMENSIONAL DESIGN 

The basic fundamentals found in the two-dimensional arts: line, shape, 
form, space, color, and composition are taught in relationship to the other 
two-dimensional arts. Perceptual theories and their relationships to what 
and why we see what we see in art are discussed with each problem. 

16 FIGURE MODELING I 

Understanding the figure will be approached through learning the basic 
structures and proportions of the figure. The course is conceived as a three- 
dimensional drawing class. At least one figure per student will be cast. 

19 CERAMICS I 

Emphasis placed on pottery design as it relates to function of vessels and 
the design parameters imposed by the characteristics of clay. The techni- 
ques of ceramics are taught to encourage expression rather than to dispense 
merely a technical body of information. 



46 The Curriculum 



20 PAINTING I 

An introduction of painting techniques and materials. Coordination of 
color, value, and design within the painting is taught. Some painting from 
the figure. No limitations as to painting media, subject matter, or style. 
Prerequisite: Art 15 or consent of instructor. 

21 DRAWING II 

Continued study of the human figure. Emphasis is placed on realism and 
figure-ground coordination with the use of value and design. Prerequisite: 
Art 11. 

22 SURVEY OF ART: PRE-HISTORY TO THE MIDDLE AGES 

A survey of Western architecture, sculpture, and painting. Emphasis is on 
the interrelation of form and content and on the relatedness of the visual 
arts to their cultural environment: Near East, Egypt, Greece, Rome, and 
Medieval Europe. 

23 SURVEY OF ART: FROM THE RENAISSANCE THE MODERN AGE 

A survey of Western architecture, sculpture, and painting. Emphasis is on 
the interrelation of form and content and on the relatedness of the visual 
arts to their cultural environment: Renaissance to modern. 

24 AMERICAN ART OF THE 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES 

The development of the arts in America from Colonial times through the 
19th century; from the unknown folk artist to popular artists such as 
Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins. 

25 SCULPTURE I 

An introduction to the techniques, materials, and ideas of sculpture. Clay, 
plaster, wax, wood, and other materials will be used. The course will be 
concerned with ideas about sculpture as expression, and with giving 
material form to ideas. 

26 FIGURE MODELING II 

Will exploit the structures and understandings learned in Figure Modeling 
I to produce larger, more complete figurative works. There will be a re- 
quirement to cast one of the works in plaster. Prerequisite: Art 16 and con- 
sent of instructor. 

27 INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY 

Objectives of the course are to develop technical skills in the use of 
photographic equipment (cameras, films, darkroom, print maker) and to 
develop sensitivity in the areas of composition, form, light, picture quali- 
ty, etc. Each student must own or have access to a 35mm camera. 



The Curriculum 47 



28 PRINTMAKING I 

Practice of the techniques of silk-screen, wood-block, and linoleum-block 
printing. Prerequisite: Art 11 or 15. 

29 CERAMICS II 

Continuation of Ceramics I. Emphasis on use of the wheel and technical 
aspects such as glaze making and kiln firing. Prerequisite: Art 19. 

30 PAINTING II 

Emphasis is placed on individual style and technique. Artists and move- 
ments in art are studied. No limitations as to painting media, subject mat- 
ter, or style. Prerequisite: Art 20. 

31 20TH CENTURY EUROPEAN ART 

Stylistic developments in Europe from 1880 to the present, including 
Cubism, Fauvism, Expressionism, Dada, and Surrealism. Picasso, Matisse, 
Kandinsky, and Mondrian are among the major artists studied. 

32 AMERICAN ART OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture in the United States from 1900 to the 
present with emphasis on developments of the 1950's and 1960's: an in- 
quiry into the meaning and historical roots of contemporary art. 

33 19TH CENTURY EUROPEAN ART 

Emphasis on painting, sculpture, and architecture of Western Europe from 
1760 to 1900, including the work of late 18th-century artists David and 
Goya and 19th-century developments from Romanticism to Post-Im- 
pressionism. 

34 ART OF THE RENAISSANCE 

Painting, sculpture, and architecture in Italy and the Northern countries 
from the late 13th century through the early 16th century. Artists include 
Giotto, Donatello, Alberti, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Van Eyck, 
Diirer, and Bruegel. 

35 SCULPTURE II 

A continuation of Sculpture I (Art 25). Emphasis is on advanced technical 
processes. Casting of bronze and aluminum sculpture will be done in the 
school foundry. Prerequisite: Art 25. 

37 PHOTOGRAPHY II 

To extend the skills developed in Photography I by continued growth in 
technical expertise, presentation, conceptual ability, and aesthetic sen- 
sibility. Emphasis is placed upon term essay in area of student's interest 
and presented in booklet format. Prerequisite: Art 27. 



48 The Curriculum 



38 PRINTMAKING II 

Further exploration of silk-screen printing techniques, practice of the 
techniques of engraving, drypoint, etching, and aquatint. 

40 PAINTING III 

Professional quality is stressed. There is some experimentation with new 
painting techniques and styles. 

41 DRAWING III 

Continued study of human figure, individual style, and professional con- 
trol of drawing techniques and media are now emphasized. 

45 SCULPTURE III 

In Sculpture III the student is expected to produce a series of sculptures 
that follow a conceptual and technical line of development. Prerequisites: 
Art 16, 25, and 35. 

46 STUDIO RESEARCH 

Independent research in an elective studio area, conducted under the 
supervision of the appropriate faculty member, includes creation of work 
which may be incorporated in the senior group exhibition. Student works 
in private studio assigned by the department. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Commercial design, interior design, and photography programs in local 
businesses, and museum work at the Lycoming County Historical 
Museum. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Recent studies in anatomy. Aspects of the art noveau, lithography, 
photography, pottery, problems in illustration, and watercolor. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See In- 
dex) 



ASTRONOMY AND PHYSICS 

Professor: Fineman 

Assistant Professor: Erickson (Chairman) 

Instructor: Keig 

The department offers two majors. The major in astronomy is specifically 
designed to train students in the field of planetarium education. The major in 
physics prepares students for graduate work in physics or astronomy, for the 
cooperative program in engineering, or for state certification as secondary 
school teachers of physics. Juniors and seniors in both majors are required to at- 



The Curriculum 49 



tend and participate in the weekly departmental colloquia. 

A number of courses in this department are offered on two levels, which 
differ in the degree of mathematical rigor and sophistication needed. All such 
courses have dual catalog numbers, with the letters B (basic) and A (advanced) 
appearing after the course names to indicate the level. Both the B and A level 
of a course meet together for the same three hours of lecture each week, while 
the A level meets for one additional hour each week of more advanced 
mathematical development of the material. This system is designated as the 
"3 + 1" method. No student may earn credit for both levels of a course. 

The major in astronomy requires AsPh 11, 12, either 15 or 25, either 16 or 
26, 30, either 34 or 44, either 35 or 45, and either 36 or 46; Mathematics 18 
and 19 (Calculus I and II), and one year of chemistry. One or more of the 
following are recommended: ASPh 3, 4, 5, 27, and 33, and Art 27 
(Photography I). 

The major in physics requires AsPh 11, either 12 or 13, 25, 26, 28, 29, and 
at least two courses chosen from 27, 33, 37, 38, 44, 45, 46, and 48; 
Mathematics 18 and 19 (Calculus I and II), and one year of chemistry. With 
departmental consent, advanced courses may be substituted for AsPh 11, 12, or 
13. Students in the cooperative engineering program may substitute AsPh 27 
for 29. In addition, Mathematics 20 (Multivariate Calculus) and 21 (Differen- 
tial Equations) are required for graduate school preparation and the cooperative 
engineering program. It is also recommended that students planning on 
graduate study take a foreign language and courses in computer science. 

3 OBSERVATIONAL ASTRONOMY 

A methods course providing the opportunity to make a variety of 
astronomical observations, both visually and photographically, with and 
without telescopes. The planetarium is used to familiarize the student with 
the sky at various times during the year and from different locations on 
earth. 

4 FIELD GEOLOGY 

A methods course introducing the field techniques needed to study the 
geology of an area. May term. 

5 HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY 

A comprehensive view of the evolution of astronomical thought from an- 
cient Greece to the present, emphasizing the impact that astronomical 
discoveries and the conquest of space have had on Western culture. Four 
hours of lecture per week. 

I PRINCIPLES OF ASTRONOMY (B) 

II PRINCIPLES OF ASTRONOMY (A) 

A summary of current concepts of the universe from the solar system to dis- 
tant galaxies. Describes the techniques and instruments used in astronomi- 
cal research. Presents not only what is reasonably well known about the 
universe, but also considers some of the major unsolved problems. Lectures 



50 The Curriculum 



presented by the "3 + 1" method; also two hours of laboratory per week. 
Vail semester. Core quisite for 11: Mathematics 17 or consent of instructor. 

2 EARTH SCIENCE (B) 

12 EARTH SCIENCE (A) 

A study of the physical processes that continually affect the planet Earth, 
shaping our environment. Describes how past events and lifeforms can be 
reconstructed from preserved evidence to reveal the history of our planet 
from its origin to the present. Emphasizes the ways in which geology, 
meteorology, and oceanography interrelate with man and the environ- 
ment. Lectures presented by the "3 + 1" method; also two hours of 
laboratory per week. Spring semester. Core quisite for 12: Mathematics 17 
or consent of instructor. 

13 METEOROLOGY 

The general properties of the atmosphere and their measurements will be 
discussed in terms of basic physical and chemical laws. Two basic themes 
will guide the approach, i.e., the atmosphere behaves like a giant heat 
engine, and weather patterns exist from a micro-to-macro scale. Three lec- 
tures and one two-hour laboratory per week. May term only. Alternate 
years. 

15-16 PHYSICS WITH LIFE SCIENCE APPLICATIONS 

The basic concepts, principles, and laws of physics are presented in this 
non-calculus introductory physics course. Topics include mechanics, elastic 
properties of matter, fluids, thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, 
waves, optics, and radioactivity. Many of the examples and problems used 
to illustrate the physics are selected from the life sciences. Three hours of 
lecture, one hour of recitation, and one three-hour laboratory per week. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 17 or consent of instructor. (Credit may not be 
earned for both 15 and 25 or for both 16 and 26.) 

25-26 INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS WITH CALCULUS 

A mathematically rigorous introduction to physics designed for majors in 
physics, astronomy, chemistry, and mathematics. Topics include 
mechanics, thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, waves, optics, 
and modern physics. Five hours of lecture and recitation and one three- 
hour laboratory per week. Core quisite: Mathematics 18-19 (Calculus I and 
II). (Credit may not be earned for both 15 and 25 or for both 16 and 26.) 

27 ELECTRONICS 

D.C. and A.C. circuit and network theory, active devices such as tran- 
sistors, operational amplifiers, integrated circuits, and introduction to 
digital electronics will be covered. Three lectures and two two- hour 
laboratory sessions per week. Prerequisites: Astronomy I Physics 15 or 25 
and Mathematics 9 or 18 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 



The Curriculum 51 



28 MECHANICS 

Kinematics and dynamics of single particles and systems of particles. Rigid 
bodies. Introduction to the mechanics of continuous media. Moving 
reference frames. Lagrangian mechanics. Four hours of lecture and three 
hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: Astronomy and Physics 25 
(Concepts of Physics A) and Mathematics 19 (Calculus II). 

29 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM 

The electromagnetic field, electrical potential, magnetic field and electric 
and magnetic properties of matter. Electric circuits. Maxwell's equations. 
Laboratory includes electronics as well as classical electricity and 
magnetism. Four hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. 
Prerequisite: Astronomy and Physics 26 (Waves and Particles A). 

30 PLANETARIUM TECHNIQUES 

A methods course covering major aspects of planetarium programming, 
operation and maintenance. Students are required to prepare and present 
a planetarium show. Upon successfully completing the course, students are 
eligible to become planetarium assistants. Two hours of lecture and 
demonstration and four hours of practical training per week. Prerequisite: 
Astronomy and Physics 1 (Principles of Astronomy) or consent of the in- 
structor. 

33 OPTICS 

Geometrical optics and optical systems; physical optics, interference, 
Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction and coherence and lasers will be 
covered. Three lectures and three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: 
Astronomy /Physics 16 or 26 and Mathematics 9 or 18 or consent of instruc- 
tor. Alternate years. 

34 RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY B 
44 RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY A 

A detailed presentation of the special theory of relativity, and a short view 
of the general theory and its classical proofs. Man's concepts of the 
universe, with particular attention to alternative modern cosmological 
models. Discussion of the Cosmological Principle, its rationale, and its im- 
plications. Lectures will be presented by the "3 + 1" method. Credit may 
not be earned for both Astronomy and Physics 34 and 44. Prerequisites for 
Astronomy and Physics 34: 1 1 (Principles of Astronomy) and either 
Astronomy and Physics 15 or 25 (Concepts of Physics BorA), Mathematics 
18 (Calculus I). Prerequisites for Astronomy and Physics 44: 11 (Principles 
of Astronomy) and 25 (Concepts of Physics A). Alternate years. 



52 The Curriculum 



35 STELLAR EVOLUTION AND NUCLEOSYNTHESIS B 

45 STELLAR EVOLUTION AND NUCLEOSYNTHESIS A 

The physical principles governing the internal structure and external ap- 
pearance of stars. Mechanisms of energy generation and transport within 
stars. The evolution of stars from initial formation to final stages. The crea- 
tion of chemical elements by nucleosynthesis. Lectures presented by the 
"3 + 1" method. Credit may not be earned for both Astronomy and 
Physics 35 and 45. Prerequisites for Astronomy and Physics 35: 11 (Prin- 
ciples of Astronomy) and either Astronomy and Physics 16 or 26 (Waves 
and Particles B or A). Corequisite for Astronomy and Physics 35: 
Mathematics 19 (Calculus II) or consent of instructor. Prerequisites for 
Astronomy and Physics 45: 11 (Principles of Astronomy) and 26 (Waves 
and Particles A). Alternate years. 

36 STELLAR DYNAMICS AND GALACTIC STRUCTURE B 

46 STELLAR DYNAMICS AND GALACTIC STRUCTURE A 

The notion of objects in gravitational fields. Introduction to the n-body 
problem. The relation between stellar motions and the galactic potential. 
The large scale structure of galaxies in general and of the Milky Way 
Galaxy in particular. Lectures presented by the "3 + 1" method. Credit 
may not be earned for both Astronomy and Physics 36 and 46. Prereq- 
uisites for 36: 11 (Principles of Astronomy) and either 15 or 25 (Concepts 
of Physics BorA). Corequisite for Astronomy and Physics 36: Mathematics 
19 (Calculus II) or consent of instructor. Prerequisite for Astronomy and 
Physics 46: 11 (Principles of Astronomy) and 25 (Concepts of Physics A). 
Corequisite for Astronomy and Physics 46: 28 (Mechanics) or consent of in- 
structor. Alternate years. 

37 THERMODYNAMICS AND STATISTICAL MECHANICS 

Classical thermodynamics will be presented showing that the macroscopic 
properties of a system can be specified without a knowledge of the 
microscopic properties of the constituents of the system. Then, statistical 
mechanics will be developed showing these same macroscopic properties. 
Four hours of lecture and recitation per week. Prerequisites: AsPh 16 or 26 
and Mathematics 19 (Calculus II). Alternate years. 

38 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS 

The development of the principles and methods of quantum mechanics 
from the earliest evidence of quantization. Structure and spectra of atoms 
and molecules. Extension of quantum theory to the solid state. Pour hours 
of lecture and recitation and one three- hour laboratory per week. Prere- 
quisite: AsPh 16 or 26 and Mathematics 19 (Calculus II). Alternate years. 

48 INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS 

Basic concepts and formulation of quantum theory. The free particle, the 
simple harmonic oscillator, the hydrogen atom, and central force problems 
will be discussed. Both time-independent and time-dependent perturba- 



The Curriculum 53 



tion theory will be covered. Four hours of lecture and recitation. Prereq- 
uisite: either Astronomy and Physics 26 (Waves and Particles A) or 
Chemistry 31 (Physical Chemistry II) and Mathematics 21 (Differential 
Equations). 

49 ASTRONOMY AND PHYSICS COLLOQUIA 

Active scientists in astronomy, physics, and related areas are invited to pre- 
sent lectures on their own research or other professional activities. In addi- 
tion, seniors majoring in astronomy or physics present the results of a 
literature survey or individual research project. One hour per week. Majors 
in this department must attend three semesters without credit during 
junior and senior years (register for non-credit 00, Colloquia). Credit may 
be earned during the senior semester in which the student's presentation is 
given. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns in physics work off campus under the supervision of professional 
physicists employed by local industries or hospitals. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Independent studies may be undertaken in most areas of astronomy 
and /or physics. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 



BIOLOGY 

Associate Professor: Angstadt (Chairman), Diehl 

Assistant Professor: Gabriel, D. King, Zaccaria, Zimmerman 

A major consists of eight biology courses, including 10-11, 21, 22, 23, 24, and 
25. Departmental internships cannot be used to fulfill the eighth required 
course. In addition, three units of chemistry and two units of mathematical 
science are required. The chemistry requirement must include at least one unit 
of organic chemistry chosen from Chemistry 15, 20, or 21. The mathematical 
science courses must be chosen from Computer Science 15 and Mathematics 9, 
13, 17 or above, or their equivalent. Certain specific exceptions to the core pro- 
gram will be made for three-year students enrolled in cooperative programs. 
Such exceptions are noted under the particular cooperative program described 
in the last section of the curriculum chapter of the catalog. Students interested 
in these programs should contact the program director before finalizing their 
individual programs. Credit may not be earned for both Biology 1 and 10 or for 
both Biology 2 and 11. Consent of instructor may replace Biology 10-11 as a 
prerequisite for all biology courses. 



54 The Curriculum 



1-2 PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY 

An investigation of biological principles, including ecological systems, 
form and function in selected representative organisms (especially man), 
cell theory, molecular biology, reproduction, inheritance, adaptation, and 
evolution. The course is designed primarily for students not planning to 
major in the biological sciences. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour 
laboratory per week. 

3 FIELD BIOLOGY FOR TEACHERS 

A methods course for students preparing to teach biology. Sources and 
methods of collecting and preserving various plant and animal materials. 
Summer term only. 

5-6 HUMAN ANATOMY — PHYSIOLOGY 

An introduction to the physics and chemistry relative to biological systems. 
Human anatomy, physiology, and developmental biology will be 
surveyed. An introduction to microbiology with emphasis given to host- 
pathogen relationships and the immune response. Three hours of lecture 
and one three-hour laboratory per week. 

10-11 INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY 

An introduction to the study of biology designed for students planning to 
major in the biological sciences. Major topics considered include the origin 
of life, cellular respiration and photosynthesis, genetics, development, 
anatomy and physiology, ecology, behavior, and evolution. Three hours of 
lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. 

21 MICROBIOLOGY 

A study of microorganisms. Emphasis is given to the identification and 
physiology of microorganisms as well as to their role in disease, their 
economic importance, and industrial applications. Three hours of lecture 

and two two- hour laboratory periods per week. Prerequisite: Biology 

10-11. 

22 GENETICS 

A general consideration of the principles governing inheritance, including 
treatment of classical, molecular, cytological, physiological, microbial, 
human, and population genetics. Three hours of lecture and two two-hour 
laboratory periods per week. Prerequiste: Biology 10-11. 

23 ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY 

The mechanisms and functions of animal systems, including the 
autonomic, endocrine, digestive, cardio-vascular, respiratory, renal, ner- 
vous, and reproductive systems. Mammalian physiology is stressed. Three 
hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
Biology 10-11. 



The Curriculum 55 



24 ECOLOGY 

The study of the principles of ecology with emphasis on the role of 
chemical, physical, and biological factors affecting the distribution and 
succession of plant and animal populations and communities. Included 
will be field studies of local habitats as well as laboratory experimentation. 
Two hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: 
Biology 10-11. 

25 PLANT SCIENCES 

A survey of the structure, development, function, classification, and use of 
plants and related organisms. The study will comprise four general topic 
areas: form, including morphology and anatomy of plants in growth and 
reproduction; function, concentrating on nutrition and metabolism 
peculiar to photosynthetic organisms; classification systems and plant iden- 
tification, and human uses of plants. Three hours of lecture and one three- 
hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 

30 COMPARATIVE ANATOMY OF VERTEBRATES 

Detailed examination of the origins, structure, and functions of the prin- 
cipal organs of the vertebrates. Special attention is given to the progressive 
modification of organs from lower to higher vertebrates. Three hours of 
lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Biology 
10-11. Alternate years. 

31 HISTOLOGY 

A study of the basic body tissues and the microscopic anatomy of the 
organs and structures of the body which are formed from them. Focus is on 
normal human histology. Three hours of lecture and one four- hour 
laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

32 PLANT AND GREENHOUSE MANAGEMENT 

A course concerned with the care of houseplants and the management of 
small greenhouses. Class time will include lectures, discussions, 
demonstrations, greenhouse exercises, and field trips to local greenhouses. 
Topics will include the theoretical and practical aspects of the care and 
feeding, propagation, light and water requirements, and disease control 
for many of the common house and greenhouse plants. Prerequisite: 
Biology 1-2 or 10-11. May term only. 

33 ECONOMIC AND SYSTEMATIC BOTANY 

Structure and classification of plants with emphasis on those species, par- 
ticularly food and drug plants, having significance for human affairs. 
Three hours of lecture and one three-hout laboratory per week. Prere- 
quisites: Biology 10-11. Biology 25. Alternate years. 



36 The Curriculum 



34 INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY 

Comparative study of the invertebrate phyla with emphasis on phylogeny, 
physiology, morphology, and ecology. Two three-hour lecture /laboratory 
periods per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

35 CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY 

Physico-chemical background of cellular function: functions of membrane 
systems and organelles; metabolic pathways; biochemical and cellular 
bases of growth, development and responses of organisms. Three hours of 
lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Biology 
10-11 and a year of chemistry. Alternate years. 

36 INTRODUCTION TO MARINE BIOLOGY AND BIOLOGICAL 
OCEANOGRAPHY 

The study of major marine habitats and the adaptations of marine 
organisms as well as the physical and chemical characteristics of oceans. 
This field-oriented course is held at a major marine biological station, and 
includes diving and collecting from boats. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 
May term only. 

37 FIELD ORNITHOLOGY 

A field-oriented course, with in-the-field discussions, demonstrations, and 
exercises dealing with the systematics and identification of the birds of the 
Northern U.S., their behavior, migration, habitat selection, and popula- 
tions dynamics. Studies will stress experimental techniques used in the 
field, including banding, recording and playback methods, territorial 
mapping, and population analysis. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. May term 
only. 

38 CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 

A rigorous introduction to clinical microbiology with emphasis given to 
rapid identification of human bacterial pathogens. Laboratory to include 
such diagnostic procedures as antibiotic sensitivity testing, serological 
diagnosis, anaerobic culture techniques, and hemolytic reactions. Field 
trips will be taken to several clinical labs. Prerequisites: Biology 10-11, 
Biology 21. May term only. 

39 MEDICAL GENETICS 

This course is concerned with the relationships of heredity to disease. 
Discussions will focus on topics such as chromosomal abnormalities, 
metabolic variation and disease, somatic cell genetics, genetic screening, 
and immunogenetics. Laboratory exercises will offer practical experiences 
in genetic diagnostic techniques. Prerequisite: Biology 1-2 or 10-11. May 
term only. 



The Curriculum 5 7 



40 PARASITOLOGY AND MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY 

The biology of parasites and parasitism. Studies on the major groups of 
animal parasites and arthropod vectors of disease will involve taxonomy 
and life cycles. Emphasis will be made on parasites of medical and 
veterinary importance. Three hours of lecture and one three -hour 
laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

41 VERTEBRATE EMBRYOLOGY 

A study of the development of vertebrates from fertilization to the fully 
formed fetus. Particular attention is given to the chick and human as 
representative organisms. Two three-hour lecture I laboratory periods per 
week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

42 ANIMAL BEHAVIOR 

A study of the causation, function, evolution, and biological significance 
of animal behaviors in their normal environment and social contexts. 
Three hours of lecture and one four- hour laboratory each week. Prereq- 
uisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 

44 BIOCHEMISTRY 

Emphasis is given to the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, 
proteins, and nucleic acids; integration of metabolism; and biochemical 
control mechanisms, including allosteric control, induction, repression, as 
well as the various types of inhibitive control mechanisms. Three hours of 
lecture, one three-hour laboratory and one hour of arranged work per 
week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 20-21 or Chemistry 5, or consent of instruc- 
tor. Cross-listed as Chemistry 44. Alternate years. 

46 PLANT ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 

A study of plant physiology as a function of plant anatomy. Metabolic rela- 
tionships and environmental factors will be examined from a background 
of the structure and development of cells, tissues, organs, and whole 
plants. Three hours of lecture and one three -hour laboratory per week. 
Prerequisites: Biology 10-11, Biology 25. Alternate years. 

Al IMMUNOLOGY 

The course introduces concepts concerning how pathogens cause disease 
and host defense mechanisms against infectious diseases. Characterization 
of and relationships between antigens, haptens, and antibodies are 
presented. Serological assays will include: agglutination precipitations, im- 
munofluorescence, immunoelectrophoresis, and complement fixation. 
Other topics are: immediate and delayed hypersensitivities (i.e. allergies 
such as hay fever and poison ivy), immunological renal diseases, im- 
munohematology (blood groups, etc.), the chemistry and function of com- 
plement autoimmunity, and organ graft rejection phenomena. Three 
hours of lecture , one three-hour laboratory, and one hour of arranged work 
per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. Alternate years. 



38 The Curriculum 



48 ENDOCRINOLOGY 

This course begins with a survey of the role of the endocrine hormones in 
the integration of body functions. This is followed by a study of the control 
of hormone synthesis and release, and a consideration of the mechanisms 
by which hormones accomplish their effects on target organs. Two three - 
hour lecture I laboratory periods per week. Prerequisite: Biology 10-11. 
Alternate years. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Recent samples of internships in the department include ones with the 
Department of Environmental Resources, nuclear medicine or rehabilita- 
tive therapies at the local hospital. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Departmental studies are experimentally oriented and may entail either 
lab or field work. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 

Examples of recent honors projects have involved stream analysis, gypsy 
moth research, drug synthesis and testing. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

Professor: Hollenback 

Assistant Professor: E. King, Weaver (Chairman) 

Instructor: Gordon 

Lecturer: Larrabee 

In order to graduate with a major in business administration, a student 
must complete one of the following two tracks: 

Track I — Business Management 

This track is designed to train students in the functions of today's profit and 
nonprofit organizations. The program provides a well-balanced preparation for 
a wide variety of careers, including general administration, personnel ad- 
ministration, commercial banking, investments and portfolio management, 
security analysis, corporate financial management, general marketing, sales, 
product management, advertising, retail merchandising, and production and 
manufacturing management. 

Required courses are Business 10-11, 23, 28-29, 38-39, 40, and 41, and 
Mathematics 13. Business 32, 43, or 44 may be substituted for Business 29, and 
Business 33 may be substituted for Business 39. Accounting 10 may be 
substituted for Business 10 if the student is transferring into the Business Ad- 
ministration major, but duplicate credit will not be granted. 

Majors are also urged to enroll in Economics 10 and 1 1 , Business 35 and 36, 
Mathematics 12, and Computer Science 15. Majors also are encouraged to take 
a foreign language. The additional elective offerings are intended to add depth 
in the areas of finance, marketing, and management. 



The Curriculum 59 



Track II — Management Science 

This track is designed to train students in the quantitative aspects of 
business administration. It provides excellent undergraduate preparation for 
graduate study in management science, operations research, and quantitative 
business administration. The program also provides a solid preparation for 
careers in production control, systems analysis, research, forecasting, industrial 
and technical sales as well as any of the functional areas of business where quan- 
titative training would be an added qualification. 

Required courses are Business 10-11, 23, 38-39, 46; Economics 10, 11, 41; 
Mathematics 18-19, 12, 13, 38, and Computer Science 15. Accounting 10 may 
be substituted for Business 10 if the student is transferring into the business ad- 
ministration major. 

In addition, the following are strongly recommended: Business 41, and 
Mathematics 14 and 37. Also, depending upon the interest of the students, the 
following combinations of courses are recommended: either Mathematics 31 
and Computer Science 26, or Business 28 and Business 40, or Business 33 and 
Economics 30 and 31. 

10- 1 1 MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING 

The business firm is a decision-making institution adapting to a constantly 
changing environment. Future administrators and managers are intro- 
duced to their stewardship responsibilities by use of accounting and 
statistical techniques as tools in planning and controlling the organization. 

23 QUANTITATIVE BUSINESS ANALYSIS 

Techniques of quantitative analysis useful in making business decisions. 
Topics include: decision theory, inventory models, network models, queu- 
ing, forecasting, and utility. Prerequisite: Mathematics 13 or consent of in- 
structor. 

28-29 MARKETING MANAGEMENT 

Planning, organization, and control of the distribution activities of the 
firm, and an analysis and evaluation of the marketing system, its institu- 
tions, and processes. Application of marketing principles and the develop- 
ment of strategies for specific marketing problems. Product, channel flow, 
promotion, and pricing strategies explored. Readings, cases, and games. 

32 ADVERTISING 

Nature, scope, methods, and effects of promotion. Techniques of analysis 
and control in the use of advertising and publicity as tools in developing 
business strategy. 

33 INVESTMENTS 

An introduction to the financial sector of the economy and the structure 
and functions of financial markets and the agencies involved; brokerage 
houses and stock exchanges; the various types of investments available. 
Techniques used to evaluate financial securities. Also covered are recent 
developments in investment theory. 



60 The Curriculum 



34 INSURANCE 

Analysis of the major insurance methods of overcoming risk, including 
life, accident, health, marine, and social insurance. Fidelity and surety 
bonds. Commercial and government plans. 

35 LEGAL PRINCIPLES I 

Lectures and analysis of cases on the nature, sources, and fundamentals of 
the law in general, and particularly as relating to contracts, agency, and 
negotiable instruments. Open only to juniors and seniors. 

36 LEGAL PRINCIPLES II 

Lectures on the fundamentals and history of the law relating to legal 
association, real property, wills, and estates. Open only to juniors and 
seniors. 

38-39 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 

Financial planning, analysis, and control in corporations. Development 
and application of financial principles. Financial markets, profit planning, 
ratio analysis, working capital management, interest rates and capital 
budgeting, financial and operating leverage, cost of capital, valuation, 
divident policy, long- and short-term financing, leases, mergers, and ac- 
quisitions. Prerequisite: Business 11 or Accounting 20, and Business 23- 

40 MANAGEMENT CONCEPTS 

Structural characteristics and functional relationships of a business 
organization as well as the problems encountered in coordinating the inter- 
nal resources of a firm. Emphasis on administrative efficiency and pro- 
cedures. 

41 BUSINESS POLICIES 

Planning, organization, and control of business operations; setting of 
goals; coordination of resources, development of policies. Analysis of 
strategic decisions encompassing all areas of a business, and the use and 
analysis of control measures. Emphasis on both the internal relationship of 
various elements of production, finance, marketing, and personnel, and 
the relationship of the business entity to external stimuli. Readings, cases, 
and games. Prerequisites: Business 23, 28-29,38-39, and 40, or consent of 
instructor. Seniors only. 

42 PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 

An introduction to the managerial problems of recruiting, selecting, train- 
ing, and retraining the human resources of the firm. Emphasis is placed on 
the interrelationship of personnel policies with management objectives 
and philosophies in such areas as fringe benefits, wage and salary policies, 
union activities, and health and safety. 



The Curriculum 61 



43 RETAIL MANAGEMENT I 

Planning, organization, and control of the retailing firm. Competitive 
strategy development through store location, layout, administrative 
organization, buying, and pricing. Cases, reading, and papers. Alternate 
years. 

44 RETAIL MANAGEMENT II 

Inventory control, retail sales, promotion, and financial analysis of the 
enterprise. Survey of current issues and government, social and economic 
forces of concern to the retailer. Retailing principles applied to specific 
management situations through cases, games, and reading. Prerequisite: 
Business 43 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

46 PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT 

An introduction to the planning, organizing, and controlling of operations 
in a productive facility. The course also incorporates quantitative tech- 
niques used in production- and operations-management applications. 
Topics include: capacity and layout planning, facility locations, job design 
and work measurement, production planning and scheduling, inventory 
and quality control. 

47 CREATIVE ADVERTISING 

A workshop concerned with theme, copy, and effective presentation of 
advertisements for print media, radio, and direct mail. Primarily an ex- 
ploration of creativity through analysis of works of artists and writers with 
application to practical advertising, and tailored to the interests of in- 
dividual students. May term. 

48 SALES SEMINAR 

The role of selling in the economy. The art of creative selling; application 
of theories from the behavioral sciences to selling through the analysis of 
sales situations and techniques. Alternate years. 

49 MANAGING THE SMALL BUSINESS 

How the potential businessman proceeds in establishing, operating, and 
profiting from a small business operation. Considered and analyzed are 
such aspects as marketing, managing, financing, promoting, insuring, 
establishing, developing, and staffing the small retail, wholesale service, 
and manufacturing firm. May term. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Typical examples are marketing analysis for a paper products firm, plan- 
ning a branch store, hotel and real estate management, banking and in- 
surance. 



62 The Curriculum 



80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Examples of recent studies are: the economic impact of a college on a com- 
munity; a marketing strategy for a local firm entering the consumer 
market. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 

A recent project was a study of the evolution of anti-trust legislation in the 
United States. 

CHEMISTRY 

Professor: Hummer, Radspinner 
Associate Professor: Franz (Chairman) 
Part-time Instructor: Baggett 

A major in chemistry consists of Chemistry 10-11, 20-21, 30-31, 32 and 33; 
Astronomy / Physics 25-26; Mathematics 18, 19 and one of the following 
courses: Mathematics 13, 20, 21, 32, or Computer Science 15. Mathematics 20 
and 2 1 and French or German are strongly recommended for students planning 
on graduate study in chemistry. To be certified in secondary education, 
chemistry majors must also pass two biology courses numbered 10 or higher. 

10 GENERAL CHEMISTRY I 

An introduction to the concepts and models of chemistry, which are 
necessary for an understanding of the fabric and dynamics of the material 
world. These principles include stoichiometry, atomic and molecular struc- 
ture and properties, the states of matter, solutions, kinetics, equilibrium, 
and nomenclature. A study of the chemistry of representative elements 
and their compounds is made through the application of fundamental 
principles. The laboratory work introduces the student to methods of 
separation, purification, and identification of compounds according to 
their physical properties. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, and 
one three-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: placement in 
Chemistry 10 is determined in part by a student's score on the 
mathematics examination taken by all incoming freshmen during orienta- 
tion. 

11 GENERAL CHEMISTRY II 

11 Continuation of Chemistry 10 with emphasis on the foundations of 
analytical, inorganic, and physical chemistry. The principal unifying con- 
cepts of chemical systems are examined in both Chemistry 10 and 11. The 
laboratory treats aspects of quantitative and qualitative analysis. Three 
hours lecture, one hour discussion, and one three-hour laboratory period 
each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 10. 

15 BRIEF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

This course is designed for those non-chemistry majors who elect a single 
semester course only in organic chemistry. The material will illustrate prin- 



The Curriculum 63 



ciples and concepts of organic chemistry supported by that descriptive 
material which would find application for students of medical technology, 
biology, nursing, forestry, education, and the humanities. Topics included 
are bonding and structure, alcanes, arenes and their functional derivatives, 
amino acids and proteins, carbohydrates, and other naturally occurring 
compounds. Three hours of lecture and one four- hour laboratory period 
each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 10. Not open for credit to students 
who have received credit for Chemistry 20. 

20-21 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

A systematic study of the compounds of carbon, including both aliphatic 
and aromatic series. The laboratory work introduces the student to simple 
fundamental methods of organic synthesis, isolation, and analysis. Three 
hours lecture and one four- hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: 
Chemistry 11. 

26 CLINICAL ANALYSIS 

A presentation of selected wet-chemical and instrumental methods of 
quantitative analysis with an orientation toward clinical applications in 
medical technology. Topics include: general methods and calculations; 
solutions; titrations; photometric analyses (colorimetric, atomic absorp- 
tion, flame emission);electrochemical methods (ion-selective electrodes, 
coulometry), automation. Lecture, recitation, and laboratory daily. Prere- 
quisite: Chemistry 10-11 or consent of instructor. May not be taken for 
credit following Chemistry 32. May term only. 

30-31 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of the fundamental principles of theoretical chemistry and their 
applications. The laboratory work includes techniques in physiochemical 
measurements. Three hours lecture and one four- hour laboratory period 
each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 11, Mathematics 19, and one year of 
physics or consent of instructor. 

32 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of the fundamental methods of gravimetric, volumetric, and 
elementary instrumental analysis together with practice in laboratory 
techniques and calculations of these methods. Two hours lecture and two 
three-hour laboratory periods each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 11 or 
consent of instructor. 

33 ADVANCED INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

A study of modern theories of atomic and molecular structure and their 
relationship to the chemistry of selected elements and their compounds. 
Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prere- 
quisite: Chemistry 30, Mathematics 19, and one year of physics or consent 
of instructor. 



64 The Curriculum 



39 INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS 

After presenting the origin, basic concepts, and formulation of quantum 
mechanics with emphasis on its physical meaning, the free particle, simple 
harmonic oscillator, and central -force problems will be investigated. Both 
time-independent and time-dependent perturbation theory will be 
covered. The elegant operator formalism of quantum mechanics will con- 
clude the course. Four hours of lecture and recitation. Prerequisites: 
Mathematics 21, either Chemistry 31 or Astromony and Physics 26, and 
consent of instructor. Cross-listed as Astronomy and Physics 48. 

40 ADVANCED ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 

Selected topics, which may include mechanisms of organic reactions, syn- 
thesis, detailed structure and chemistry of natural products, polynuclear 
hydrocarbons, and aromatic heterocyclics. Three hours lecture. Prerequi- 
site: Chemistry 21. 

41 QUALITATIVE ORGANIC ANALYSIS 

Theory and application of the systematic identification of pure organic 
compounds and mixtures. Two hours lecture and two three-hour labora- 
tory periods each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 21. 

43 ADVANCED ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 

A study of advanced analytical methods with emphasis on 
chromatographic, electrochemical, and spectroscopic methods of in- 
strumental analysis. Three hours lecture and one four- hour laboratory 
period each week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 31 and 32 or consent of instruc- 
tor. 

44 BIOCHEMISTRY 

Emphasis is given to the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, 
proteins, and nucleic acids; integration of metabolism; and biochemical 
control mechanisms, including allosteric control, induction, repression, as 
well as the various types of inhibitive control mechanisms. Prerequisite: 
Chemistry 21 or 15 or consent of instructor. Cross-listed as Biology 44. 

45 SPECTROSCOPY AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE 

Theory and practice of molecular structure determination by spectroscopic 
methods. Three hours lecture. Pre- or co-requisites: Chemistry 31, 33, or 
consent of instructor. 

48 CHEMISTRY COLLOQUIUM 

A seminar in which faculty, students, and invited professional chemists 
discuss their own research activities or those of others which have appeared 
in recent chemical literature. Prerequisite: Three semesters of non-credit 
Chemistry Colloquium taken during the junior and senior years. 



The Curriculum 63 



70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

The student will ordinarily work under supervision in an industrial 
laboratory and submit a written report on his project. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

The student will ordinarily work on a laboratory research project and will 
write a thesis on his work. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 
The student will ordinarily work on laboratory research project with em- 
phasis being on the student's showing initiative and making a scholarly 
contribution. A thesis will be written. 

CRIMINAL JUSTICE 

Assistant Professor: Strauser (Coordinator) 

This major is designed to acquaint students with the American criminal-justice 
system and to provide an understanding of the social, psychological, 
philosophical, and political contexts within which the system of criminal justice 
functions. Its aim is to develop students' intellectual and scientific skills in rais- 
ing and attempting to answer important questions about the system of justice 
and its place in society. The program offers opportunity for intern experience in 
the field, and prepares for careers in the areas of law enforcement, probation 
and parole, prisons, and treatment services. 

The major has two tracks. Track I prepares for careers in law enforcement. 
Track II prepares for careers in corrections. 

Track I - Law Enforcement. The major consists of 10 courses, distributed as 
follows: 

A . Professional courses in criminal justice [three courses] 

Introduction to the Criminal Justice System [Sociology and Anthropology 

15] 

Introduction to Law Enforcement [Sociology and Anthropology 23] 

The American Prison System [Sociology and Anthropology 39] 

B . Courses in the social, psychological, philosophical, and political context of 
the justice system [seven courses] 

Criminology [Sociology and Anthropology 30] and either Juvenile Delin- 
quency (Sociology and Anthropology 21) or Racial and Cultural Minorities 
(Sociology and Anthropology 34) (two courses) 

Abnormal Psychology (Psychology 16) (one course) 

America as a Civilization (American Studies 10). Afro-American History 
(History 28) or United States Social and Intellectual History Since 1877 
(History 43) (one course) 

Law and Society (Political Science 35) and Civil Rights and Liberties 
(Political Science 31) (two courses) 



66 The Curriculum 



Philosophical Issues in Criminal Justice (Philosophy 18) (one course) 

C . Internship or practicum in law enforcement. (Recommended but not re- 
quired for the major) 

Track II - Corrections. The major consists of 10 courses, distributed as 
follows: 

A . Professional courses in criminal justice (three courses) 

Introduction to the Criminal Justice System (Sociology and Anthropology 

15] 

The American Prison System (Sociology and Anthropology 39) 

Introduction to Social Work (Sociology and Anthropology 42) 

B . Courses in the social, psychological, philosophical, and political context of 
the justice system (seven courses) 

Criminology (Sociology and Anthropology 30) and either Juvenile Delin- 
quency (Sociology and Anthropology 21) or Racial and Cultural Minorities 
(Sociology and Anthropology 34) (two courses) 

Abnormal Psychology (Psychology 16) (one course) 

America as a Civilization (American Studies 10). Afro- American History 
(History 28) or United States Social and Intellectual History Since 1877 
(History 43) (one course) 

Law and Society (Political Science 35) and Civil Rights and Liberties 
(Political Science 31) (two courses) 

Philosophical Issues in Criminal Justice (Philosophy 18) (one course) 

C . Internship or practicum in corrections. (Recommended but not required 
for the major) Prerequisites: Mathematics 13, Psychology 21, and 
Psychology 39- These prerequisites may be waived in certain cases by the 
coordination committee. 

Majors should seek advice concerning course selection from members of the 
coordinating committee and should note course prerequisites in planning their 
programs. 

ECONOMICS 

Professor: Opdahl, Rabold (Chairman) 

The major has two tracks. Track I is designed for the student whose primary in- 
terest lies in business management; Track II is designed for students with an in- 
terest in graduate work, teaching, government or non-business careers, and for 
those with less well-defined interests. 

Track I - Managerial Economics requires: Economics 10, 11, 32, and 41; 



The Curriculum 67 



Business 10-11 or Accounting 10 and 20; Business 38 and 39, plus two electives 
from Economics 20, 31, 35, 37, 43, and Business 40. 

Track II — Political Economy requires: Economics 10, 11, 30, 31, 40, and 

five electives of which three must be in economics and two in political science, 
all selected with the advice and consent of the student's adviser or department 
chairman. Economics 41, Managerial Economics, may be substituted for 
Economics 30, Intermediate Microeconomics. 

In addition, the following courses are recommended: all majors — Math 13 
and Business 23; majors planning graduate work — Math 12-18; Track II ma- 
jors — Business 10-11. 

2 CONSUMER ECONOMICS 

A course in "family" or "practical" economics, designed to teach students 
how they and their families can be intelligent consumers: that is, how they 
can spend, save, and borrow so as to maximize the value they receive for 
the income they have. Treats subjects such as intelligent shopping; the uses 
and abuses of credit; investing savings; buying insurance, automobiles, 
and houses; medical care costs; estates and wills, etc. Alternate years. 

10 PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY I 

Macroeconomics. Deals with problems of the economic system as a whole. 
What influences the level of national income and employment? What is 
inflation and why do we have it? What is the role of government in a 
modern capitalistic system? How does business organize to produce the 
goods and services we demand? How are the American financial and bank- 
ing systems organized? What is the nature of American unionism? What 
are the elements of government finance and fiscal policy? 

1 1 PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY II 

This course focuses upon microeconomics and selected current economic 
problems. It deals with the relatively small units of the economy such as 
the firm and the family. Analyzes demand and supply. Discusses how 
business firms decide what and how much to produce and how goods and 
services are priced in different types of markets. Also considers such prob- 
lems as economic growth, international trade, poverty, discrimination, 
ecology, and alternative economic systems. 

20 MONEY AND BANKING 

Covers business fluctuations and monetary and fiscal policy; the financial 
organization of society; the banking system; credit institutions; capital 
markets, and international financial relations. Prerequisite: Economics 10 
and 1 1 . Alternate years. 

22 ECONOMIC SYSTEMS OF THE WEST 
(CAPITALISM AND SOCIALISM) 

A comparative analysis of the underlying ideologies, the basic institutions, 
and the performance of selected economic systems extant in the West. 
Alternate years. 



68 The Curriculum 



23 SOVIET-TYPE ECONOMIES 

An analysis of the ideologies, institutions, and performance of Soviet-type 
economies, with emphasis upon Marxian theory and the economy of the 
U.S.S.R.; comparison of selected Eastern European and Chinese ap- 
proaches to communism. Alternate years. 

24 URBAN PROBLEMS 

The application of economic theory to the study of significant social, 
political, and economic problems associated with urbanization, including 
poverty, employment, education, crime, health, housing, land use and the 
environment, transportation, and public finance. Analysis of solutions of- 
fered. Alternate years. 

25 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS 

A study of the relationship between environmental decay and economic 
growth, with particular reference to failures of the price and property- 
rights systems; application of cost /benefit analysis, measures aimed at the 
creation of an ecologically viable economy. Alternate years. 

30 INTERMEDIATE MICROECONOMICS 

An advanced analysis of contemporary theory regarding consumer de- 
mand, production costs and theory, profit maximization, market struc- 
tures, and the determinants of returns to the factors of production. Prere- 
quisite: Economics 10 and 11. 

31 INTERMEDIATE MACROECONOMICS 

An advanced analysis of contemporary theory and practice with regard to 
business fluctuations, national income accounting, the determination of 
income and employment levels, and the use of monetary and fiscal policy. 
Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11. 

32 GOVERNMENT AND THE ECONOMY 

An analytical survey of government's efforts to maintain competition 
through antitrust legislation; to supervise acceptable cases of private 
monopoly through public-utility regulation and via means of regulatory 
commissions, and to encourage or restrain various types of private 
economic activities. Alternate years. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11 or 
consent of instructor. 

35 LABOR PROBLEMS 

The history of organized labor in the United States, including the structure 
of unions, employers' opposition to unions, the role of government in 
labor-management relations, the economic impact of unions. Alternate 
years. 



The Curriculum 69 



37 PUBLIC FINANCE 

An analysis of the fiscal economics of the public sector, including the 
development, concepts, and theories of public expenditures, taxation, and 
debt at all levels of American government. Includes also the use of fiscal 
policy as an economic control device. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11 or 
consent of instructor. 

40 HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT 

A discussion of the origins, development, and significance of the economic 
ideas embodied in the works of Smith, Marx, Schumpeter, Keynes, and 
others. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11 or consent of instructor. 

41 MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS 

The application of economic theory and methodology to the solution of 
business problems. Subjects include: optimizing techniques, risk analysis, 
demand theory, production theory, cost theory, linear programming, 
capital budgeting, market structures, and the theory of pricing. Prere- 
quisite: Economics 10 and 11. 

43 INTERNATIONAL TRADE 

A study of the principles, theories, development, and policies concerning 
international economic relations, with particular reference to the United 
States. Subjects covered include: U.S. commercial policy and its develop- 
ment, international trade theory, tariffs and other protectionist devices, in- 
ternational monetary system and its problems, balance of payments issues. 
Alternate years. Prerequisite: Economics 10 and 11. 

45 DEVELOPMENT OF UNDERDEVELOPED NATIONS 

A study of the theories and problems of capital accumulation, allocation of 
resources, technological development, growth, planning techniques, and 
institutions and international relations encountered by the developing na- 
tions. Alternate years. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Typically off campus in business, banking, or government, supervised by 
assigned employee of sponsoring organization. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Superior students may select independent study in various courses, par- 
ticularly in preparation for graduate school. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See In- 
dex) 



70 The Curriculum 



EDUCATION 

Associate Professor: Keesbury (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Conrad 

Lycoming believes that the liberal arts provide the best preparation for future 
teachers, thus all education students complete a liberal-arts major in addition 
to the certification requirements. Students can be certified in elementary 
education or one or more of the following secondary areas: biology, chemistry, 
English, French, general science (with biology and astronomy /physics tracks), 
German, mathematics, physics, social studies, and Spanish. All teacher- 
education programs are approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Educa- 
tion, and Pennsylvania certificates are recognized in most other states whether 
through reciprocal agreements or by transcript evaluation. 

Education 20 and Psychology 38 are prerequisites to all other offerings in 
the Department of Education. Education 20 should be taken at least two 
semesters before the professional semester. 

Students seeking elementary certification must complete Mathematics 7, 
Education 40, 41, 42, and 43 as prerequisites to the professional semester 
(Education 45, 47, and 48). 

Students interested in the teacher-education program should consult with a 
member of the department no later than the first semester of the sophomore 
year. Application for the professional semester must be made before October 1 
of the junior year. The Department of Education will admit to the professional 
semester those applicants who have a minimum cumulative grade point average 
of 2.00, are in good academic standing, have satisfactorily completed the junior 
year participation requirements (secondary students only), have paid the stu- 
dent teaching fee, and have received a positive recommendation. The recom- 
mendation will be based upon: (a) recommendations from each student's ma- 
jor department; (b) recommendations from two additional faculty outside the 
Department of Education; (c) a screening interview conducted by the depart- 
ment, and (d) a writing sample from each student applicant. Major depart- 
ments have different criteria for their recommendations. Therefore, students 
should consult with the chairman of their major department about those re- 
quirements as soon as they begin to study for certification. 

20 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF EDUCATION 

A study of teaching as a profession with emphasis on the economic, social, 
political, and religious conditions which influence American schools and 
teachers. Consideration is given to the school environment, the cur- 
riculum, and the children with the intention that the students will ex- 
amine more rationally their own motives for entering the profession. Not 
open to freshmen. 

32 INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA AND COMMUNICATIONS 

A study of the value, design, construction, and application of the visual 
and auditory aids to learning. Practical experience in the handling of aud- 
io-visual equipment and materials is provided. Application of audio-visual 
techniques. Application of the visual and auditory aids to learning. 
Students will plan and carry out actual teaching assignments utilizing 
various A-V devices. 



The Curriculum 71 



various A-V devices. 
39 PUBLIC SCHOOL CURRICULUM 



An examination of the various curricula of the public schools and their 
relationships to current practices. Special attention will be given to the 
meaning and nature of the curriculum, the desirable outcomes of the cur- 
riculum, conflicting and variant conceptions of curricular content, modern 
techniques of curricular construction, criteria for the evaluation of cur- 
ricula, the curriculum as a teaching instrument. Emphasis will be placed 
upon the curriculum work within the teaching field of each individual. 

40 TEACHING LANGUAGE ARTS AND CHILDREN'S LITERATURE IN 
THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

A course designed to consider the principal means of communication, oral 
and written, including both practical and creative uses. Attention will be 
given to listening, speaking, written expression, linguistics and grammar, 
spelling, and handwriting. Stress will be placed upon the interrelatedness 
of the language arts. Children's literature will be explored as a vehicle for 
developing creative characteristics in children and for ensuring an apprecia- 
tion of the creative writing of others. Observation and participation in 
Greater Williamsport elementary schools. Prerequisites: Education 20 and 
Psychology 38 or consent of the instructor. 

41 TEACHING THE SOCIAL STUDIES IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

Studies and experiences to develop a basic understanding of the structure, 
concepts, and processes of anthropology, economics, geography, history, 
political science, and sociology as they relate to the elementary school 
social-science curriculum. Practical aplications, demonstrations of 
methods, and the development of integrated teaching units using tests, 
reference books, films, and other teaching materials. Observation and par- 
ticipation in Greater Williamsport elementary schools. Prerequisites: 
Education 20 and Psychology 38 or consent of the instructor. 

42 TEACHING SCIENCE IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

Science methods and materials interpreting children's science experiences 
and guiding the development of their scientific concepts. A study of the 
science content of the curriculum, its material, and use. Observation and 
participation in Greater Williamsport elementary schools. Prerequisites: 
Education 20 and Psychology 38 or consent of the instructor. 

43 TEACHING READING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

A basic course in the philosophy and rationale for and the implementation 
of an elementary developmental-reading program from kindergarten 
through sixth grade. Emphasis is upon designing a reading instructional 
program which reflects the nature of the learning process and recognizes 
principles of child development through examination of the principles, 
problems, methods, and materials used in elementary reading programs. 



72 The Curriculum 



Observation and participation in Greater Williamsport elementary schools. 
Prerequisites: Psychology 38, Education 20, 40, 41, and 42, or consent of 
the instructor. 

45 METHODS OF TEACHING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

The course emphasizes the relationship between the theoretical studies of 
physical, social, and cognitive development and the elementary classroom 
environment. Particular consideration will be given to the appropriate age 
and developmental level of the students with an emphasis upon selection 
and utilization of methods in all the elementary subject areas, including 
art and music. Specific attention will be given to the development of 
strategies for structuring lesson plans, for maintaining classroom control, 
and for overall classroom management. Direct application will be made to 
the individual student-teaching experience. Prerequisites: Math 7, Educa- 
tion 40, 41, 42, and 43, or consent of the instructor. 

46 METHODS OF TEACHING IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

A study of materials, methods, and techniques of teaching with emphasis 
on the student's major. Stress is placed on the selection and utilization of 
visual and auditory aids to learning. Students will teach demonstration 
lessons in the presence of the instructor and the members of the class and 
will observe superior teachers in Greater Williamsport secondary schools. 
Prerequisites: Education 20, Psychology 38, and the participation ex- 
perience. 

Al PROBLEMS IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN EDUCATION 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Seminar in the issues, problems, and challenges encountered by teachers in 
the American public schools, especially those related to the student-teach- 
ing experience. 

48 PRACTICE TEACHING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Two units. Exceeds state-mandated minimum requirements. Professional 
laboratory experience under the supervision of a selected cooperating 
teacher in a public elementary school in Greater Williamsport. Organized 
learning experiences. Actual classroom experience.* 

48 PRACTICE TEACHING IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL 
(PART OF THE PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER) 

Two units. Exceeds state -mandated minimum requirements. Professional 
laboratory experience under the supervision of a selected cooperating 
teacher in a public secondary school in Greater Williamsport. Organized 
learning experience. Emphasis on actual classroom experience, respon- 
sibility in the guidance program, and out-of-class activities.* 



The Curriculum 73 



♦Practical teachers are required to follow the calendar of the school district to which they 
are assigned. 

ENGLISH 

Professor: Van Marter 

Associate Professor: Ford, Jensen (Chairman), Madden, Rife 

Assistant Professor: F. Wild 

Visiting Lecturer: Blair 

A major consists of nine courses not including English 1 or English 2. These 
nine courses must include English 14, 15, 16, 17, and one writing course from 
the following: English 18, 22, 23, 24, 35, and 36. 

The four electives may include any course from English 12 and above not 
already taken to satisfy the preceding requirements. With the consent of the 
Department of English, an appropriate course from the offerings of other 
departments may be substituted for an English elective. 

Majors seeking secondary certification in English are required to take 
English 38 and to complete successfully in the junior or senior year an ex- 
perience in the teaching of English composition. 

The Department of English is one of six cooperating in the interdisciplinary 
program in Mass Communications and would be an appropriate department 
for the four-course specialization required for the Mass Communications major. 
The department also participates with seven others in the American Studies in- 
terdisciplinary major, in which American literature courses constitute an impor- 
tant part of the American-arts concentration area. 

1 WORKSHOP IN DEVELOPMENTAL WRITING 

Classroom and laboratory instruction in organizing and writing the de- 
tailed paragraph and illustrative expository theme, with major emphasis on 
spelling, grammar, and sentence structure. Writing assignments and 
classroom exercises designed to ensure mastery of the student's special 
problems in basic writing. One-half unit and grade of "S" will be assigned 
when the student has successfully completed all of the work in the course. 
Required of, and only open to, those who have not been exempted from- 
English 1. 

2 COMPOSITION 

Extensive practice in either report and evaluative writing or in analytical 
and argumentative writing. This may be accomplished by taking one of the 
following sequences: 

Reading and Writing about Technology and Human Life —Extensive 
practice in report and evaluative writing. Readings dealing with problems 
and issues in business, in the natural and physical sciences, and in related 
professions. 

Reading and Writing about Humanities and Human Life — Extensive 
practice in analytic and argumentative writing. Readings dealing with 
problems and issues in the liberal arts, in law and the social sciences, and in 
the non-scientific helping professions. 



74 The Curriculum 



12 INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE 

An introduction to the study of literature, designed primarily for 
freshmen. Lectures and discussions focusing on the major literary genres. 

14 BRITISH LITERATURE I 

Literary forms, themes, and authors from the Anglo-Saxon through the 
Neo-Classical periods. Such writers as Chaucer, Spenser, Shakespeare, 
Milton, Swift, Pope, and Johnson; representative works from Beowulf to 
Sheridan's The Rivals. 

15 BRITISH LITERATURE II 

Literary movements and authors from the Romantic Period to the present. 
Particular emphasis on such writers as Blake, Wordsworth, Shelley, Mill, 
Tennyson, Browning, Rossetti, Arnold, Hardy, Yeats, Eliot. 

16 19TH CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 

Brief survey of American literature and thought before 1800, followed by 
more intensive study of the literature and thought of the period 
1800-1900. Bryant, Cooper, Emerson, Thoreau, Poe, Hawthorne, 
Melville, Whitman, Dickinson, Twain, Howells, and others. 

17 20TH CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 

Major writers, movements, and tendencies in American literature during 
the present century. Such forces as naturalism, realism, and modernism; 
such writers as James, Dreiser, Hemingway, Faulkner, Frost, Eliot, and 
Stevens. 

18 ADVANCED COMPOSITION 

Practical training in the writing of more extended essays of the kinds writ- 
ten in English 2, and other kinds of expository and argumentative prose, 
including forms such as essays of opinion and personal essays, critical com- 
mentaries and reviews, synopses, reports, and research papers. 

20 THE NATURE OF FICTION 

Study of either the novel or the short story. Novel: representative novels 
from the 18th century to the present with emphasis on the development of 
the genre. Short story: emphasis on points of view of the authors studies. 

21 THE DEVELOPMENT OF DRAMA 

Discussion of typical plays of the Western World emphasizing conventions 
of form and performance. Varying focus and content ranging from classical 
to modern playwrights and periods. 

22 CRITICAL WRITING 

Introduction to the various ways of thinking and writing about literature 
and film, designed for people who wish to improve their understanding 



The Curriculum 75 



and enjoyment of the books and poems they read and the plays and films 
they see. 

23 NEWS WRITING FOR THE PRINT MEDIA 

Analysis and practice of the basic forms of news reporting and feature 
writing. The elements of news, the lead, style and structure, and types of 
stories. Students who have taken English 24 may take only writing-work- 
shop sessions of this course for V2 unit. 

24 NEWSWRITING FOR RADIO AND TV 

Offered in conjunction with English 23. Separate workshop sessions to 
analyze and practice the basic forms of news reporting as they apply to 
radio and TV. Students who have taken English 23 may take only 
workshop sessions of this course for V2 unit. Alternate years. 

30 SHAKESPEARE 

Study of representative plays drawn from the four sub-genres of 
Shakespeare's dramas: comedy, history, tragedy, and romance. Some at- 
tention to Shakespeare's life and times, but primary focus on the work 
itself. 

31 MODERN FICTION 

Study of the techniques, development, and major tendencies of modern 
fiction from the last quarter of the 19th century to the 1950's. Primary at- 
tention to representative works of such major writers as James, Conrad, 
Joyce, Lawrence, Hemingway, and Faulkner. 

32 MODERN POETRY 

Introduction to the themes and structures of 20th century poetry. Begin- 
ning with Pound, Eliot, and Yeats and moving through the century to the 
most recent accomplishments of contemporary poets. Alternate years. 

33 WOMEN AND LITERATURE 

Study of women writers alternating with study of the image of women in 
literature written by men and women. Possible focuses: major women 
writers of 19th and 20th century British and American literature; contem- 
porary women writers, traditional images of women in literature. Alternate 
years. 

34 FILM AND LITERATURE 

Analysis of the techniques of two different forms of communication — 
cinema and novel or play — by comparing the same story in both 
mediums. Attention to both "classic" and modern films and literature. 
Alternate years. 



76 The Curriculum 



35 FICTION WRITING 

Beginning course in the writing of short fiction. Some study of the sources 
and techniques of modern and contemporary writers, but chief focus on 
student writing. Alternate years. 

36 POETRY WRITING 

A first course in poetry writing. Attention to the "closed" and "open" 
formal traditions of current poetry. In-class emphasis on student writing. 
Alternate years. 

37 PUBLIC RELATIONS AND PUBLICITY WRITING 

Communication and publicity techniques in the field of public relations 
focused on writing for the media; some attention to speeches, letters, and 
house organs. Prerequisite: English 25 or 24 or consent of instructor. Alter- 
nate years. 

38 STRUCTURE AND HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 

Study of the historical origins of the language and a modern language 
theory. Alternate years. 

40 THE HERO IN MEDIEVAL LITERATURE 

Study of the literature of the period as it reveals a transition from the con- 
cept of the epic hero to that of the chivalric hero, with the attendant shifts 
in literary forms, in codes for heroic behavior and in philosophic world 
view. Prerequisite: English 14 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

41 ROMANCE AND EPIC IN THE RENAISSANCE 

Study of major writers from Malory to Milton. Emphasis on such works as 
Le Morte DAuthur, Don Quixote, The Faerie Queene, and Paradise Lost, 
with other selected prose and dramatic works. Prerequisite: English 14 or 
consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

42 POETRY OF THE ROMANTIC PERIOD 

Study of the literary, philosophical, and historical significance of the 
Romantic Movement. Emphasis on the poetry of Blake, Wordsworth, Col- 
eridge, Byron, Shelley, and Keats. Prerequisite: English 14 or consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

43 DICKENS AND THE VICTORIAN NOVEL 

Comparison and contrast of four or five of Dickens' novels with other 
novels from the 1830's through the 1870's by such authors as Thackeray, 
the Brontes, Meredith, Trollope, and Hardy. Alternate years. 

44 THE IRISH RENAISSANCE 

Analysis of the sudden flowering of Irish literature in the early years of the 
20th century as witnessed in the works of Yeats, Joyce, Synge, O' Casey, 



The Curriculum 77 



and others. Prerequisite: English 15 or 17 or consent of instructor. Alter- 
nate years. 

45 AMERICAN DRAMA FROM O'NEILL TO MILLER 

Study of the development of the first significant American drama in the 
decades following World War I, especially the experimental drama of the 
1920's and the social drama of the 1930's. O'Neill, Anderson, Rice, 
Behrman, Saroyan, Wilder, Odets, Hellman, and others. Prerequisite: 
English 17 or 21 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

46 THE AMERICAN RENAISSANCE 

Concentrated study of the American poets and novelists who revolution- 
ized literary form and idea at the middle of the 19th century. One or two 
writers from each of the following two groups: Emerson, Thoreau, and 
Whitman; Poe, Hawthorne, and Melville. Prerequisite: English 16 or con- 
sent of instructor. Alternate years. 

47 AMERICAN NOVELISTS AND POETS OF THE JAZZ AGE AND 
DEPRESSION 

Concentrated study of two or three major writers in the social context of 
this period in modern American literature. Such combinations as Hem- 
ingway/Fitzgerald/Eliot and Faulkner /Frost are likely. Prerequisite: 
English 17 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

48 CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE 

Consideration of representative British, American, and some continental 
works, primarily fiction, written after World War II by such writers as 
Barth, Bellow, Updike, Burgess, Murdoch, Fowles, and Nabokov. Alter- 
nate years. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns typically work off campus in a profession related to their career in- 
terest such as law, public relations, journalism, and others. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Recent studies include Chaucer, D. H. Lawrence, The Creative Process in 
Literature and Art, the Arthurian Legend, and Existentialism in Literature. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 

Recent projects were Communication Models and the Feedback Principle, 
and Images of Women in the 1890's. 



78 The Curriculum 



FOREIGN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES 

Associate Professor: Flam, Maples, MacKenzie (Chairman), Wolf 

Study of foreign languages and literatures offers opportunity to explore broadly 
the varieties of human experience and thought. It contributes both to personal 
and to international understanding by providing competence in a foreign 
language and a critical acquaintance with the literature and culture of foreign 
peoples. A major can serve as entree to careers in business, industry, govern- 
ment, publishing, education, journalism, social agencies, translating, and 
writing. It prepares for graduate work in literature or linguistics and the inter- 
national fields of politics, commerce, law, health, and area studies. 

French, German, and Spanish are offered as major fields of study. The ma- 
jor consists of at least eight courses numbered 10 or above. Majors seeking 
teacher certification and students planning to enter graduate school are advised 
to begin study of a second foreign language. The department encourages the 
development in breadth of programs, including allied courses from related 
fields or a second major, and also individual or established interdisciplinary 
majors combining interest in several literatures or area or cross-cultural studies. 
For example: International Studies, 20th Century Studies, the Major in 
Literature. Majors, teacher certification candidates, and all students are en- 
couraged to spend at least a semester of study abroad by applying to one of 
the many programs available. The department maintains a file of such pro- 
grams. 

Courses taught in English: Foreign Languages and Literature 25, French 28, 
and Spanish 28. 

Foreign Languages and Literatures 

25 CONTINENTAL LITERATURE 

A study of such major continental authors as Cervantes, Dostoevsky, 
Chekhov, Dante, Ibsen, Proust, Gide, Kafka, Hesse, Goethe, Sartre, 
Camus, Brecht, and Ionesco. Works read in English translation will vary 
and be organized around a different theme or topic; recent topics have 
been existentialism, modernism, and drama. Prerequisite: None. May be 
repeated for credit with consent of instructor. May be accepted toward the 
English major with consent of the Department of English. 

38 FOREIGN LANGUAGE: SYSTEMS AND PROCESS 

Study of basic linguistic concepts as a tool for language learning and 
teaching. Discussion and application of language teaching techniques, in- 
cluding work in the language laboratory. Designed for future teachers of 
one or more languages and normally taken in the junior year. Students 
should arrange through the Department of Education to fulfill in the same 
semester the requirements of a participation experience in area schools. 
Prerequisite: consent of instructor. 

French 

A major consists of at least eight courses numbered 10 or above, including at 
least one numbered 40 or above. Foreign Languages and Literatures 25 and 38 



The Curriculum 79 



may be included in the major. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 23, 31, 
Foreign Languages and Literatures 38, and at least two courses numbered 40 or 
above. A language-proficiency test is required of these students during their 
senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

The aim of the course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with 
a view to using them. Regular practice in speaking, understanding, and 
reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of the fundamentals of the language for im- 
mediate use in speaking, understanding, and reading with a view to 
building confidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: French 2 or 
equivalent. 

20 CONVERSATION 

Designed to develop conversational fluency and comprehension through- 
small group discussions focusing on topics from readings in modern French 
culture, such as French social attitudes and French- American cultural dif- 
ferences. Some attention to grammar and writing. Prerequisite: French 11 
or equivalent. 

23 INTRODUCTION TO LITERARY STUDIES 

Studies in French literature with emphasis on critical reading and inter- 
pretation. Discussions, lectures, oral exposes, papers. Prerequisite: French 
20 or equivalent. 

28 MODERN FRANCE 

A course designed to familiarize students with political and social struc- 
tures and cultural attitudes in contemporary French society. Materials 
studied may include such documents as newspaper articles, interviews and 
sociological surveys, and readings in history, religion, anthropology, and 
the arts. Some attention to the changing education system and the family 
and to events and ideas which have shaped French society. May include 
some comparative study of France and the United States. 

English Section: Not applicable toward satisfying the foreign language 
distribution requirement. Prerequisite: none. 

French Section: Offers readings, papers, and interviews in French for 
students with sufficient language skill. Can be applied toward the foreign 
language distribution requirement. Prerequisite: French 10 or equivalent 
competency as determined by the department. 

31 FRENCH GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of phonetics and grammatical rules and their practical application in 
speaking and writing. Recommended for all majors. 



80 The Curriculum 



41 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE MIDDLE AGES AND THE 
RENAISSANCE 

A study of selected works from La Chanson de Rolandto Montaigne. Pre- 
requisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

43 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 17TH CENTURY 

A study of major texts of the period: pre'ciosite, the origins and theories of 
French classicism, Corneille, Pascal, Descartes. Classical tragedy and com- 
edy: Racine, Molie're, LaFontaine, Mme. de La Fayette, La Bruye're. Prereq- 
uisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

45 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 18TH CENTURY 

The literary expression of ideas: Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau, and the 
Encyclopedists. Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate 
years. 

47 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 19TH CENTURY 

The dimensions of the Romantic sensibility: Musset, Hugo, Vigny, Balzac, 
Stendhal. Realism and Naturalism in the novels of Flaubert and Zola. 
Reaction in the poetry of Baudelaire, Rimbaud, Verlaine, and Mallarme. 
Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

48 MODERN FRENCH THEATRE 

Major trends in French drama from the turn of the century to Existential- 
ism and the Theatre of the Absurd, Giraudoux, Anouilh, Sartre, Camus, 
Beckett, Ionesco, Genet, Adamov, and others. Prerequisite: French 23 or 
consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

49 FRENCH LITERATURE OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

Representative poets and novelists of modern France. Readings selected 
from the works of authors such as Proust, Gide, Aragon, Giono, Mauriac, 
Celine, Malraux, Saint-Exupe'ry, Camus, the "new novelists" (Robbe- 
Grillet, Butor, Sarraute, Le Clezio), and the poetry of Apollinaire, Vale'ry, 
the Surrealists (Breton, Reverdy, Eluard, Char), Saint-John Perse, Super- 
vielle, Prevert, and others. Some attention to works of French-speaking 
African writers. Prerequisite: French 23 or consent of instructor. Alternate 
years. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Examples of recent studies in French include translation, existentialism, 
the classical period, enlightenment literature, and Saint-Exupery. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 



The Curriculum 81 



German 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above. Foreign Languages 
and Literatures 38 and one unit of Foreign Languages and Literatures 25 may be 
included in the major. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching must pass courses 31, 33, 
34, and Foreign Languages and Literatures 38. A language-proficiency test is re- 
quired of these students during their senior year. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view 
to using them. Regular practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate 
use in speaking, understanding, and reading with a view to building con- 
fidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: German 2 or equivalent. 

20 CONVERSATION 

Designed to develop aural comprehension and conversational fluency. 
Readings and discussions on topics of contemporary society in Germany, 
Switzerland, and Austria. Some attention to grammar and writing. Prereq- 
uisite: German 11 or equivalent. 

31 GERMAN GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of intonation, complex grammatical rules and their practical ap- 
plication, stylistics, and a brief survey of the development of the language. 
Recommended for all majors. 

33 SURVEY OF GERMAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION I 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of German 
literature, representative authors, and major cultural developments in Ger- 
many, Austria, and Switzerland. The course deals with literature from the 
Early Middle Ages through the 18th century. Prerequisite: German 20 or 
consent of instructor. 

34 SURVEY OF GERMAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION II 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of German 
literature, representative authors, and major cultural developments in Ger- 
many, Austria, and Switzerland. The course deals with the literature from 
the 19th century to the present. Prerequisite: German 20 or consent of in- 
structor. 

40 GOETHE 

A study of the life and works of Goethe. Goethe's significance in the 
Classical period and later. Readings in the major works. Prerequisite: Ger- 
man 33 or 34 or consent of instructor. 



82 The Curriculum 



41 CLASSICAL GERMAN DRAMA 

The development of das klassische Drama With emphasis on works of Less- 
ing, Goethe, and Schiller. Prerequisite: German 20. 

42 MODERN GERMAN DRAMA 

The emergency of modern drama commencing with Buchner and leading 
to Brecht. Prerequisite: German 20. 

43 THENOVELLE 

The German Novelle as a genre relating to various literary periods. Prere- 
quisite: German 20. 

45 GERMAN POETRY 

A study of selected poets or the poetry of various literary periods. Prereq- 
uisite: German 33 or 34 or consent of instructor. 

Al MODERN GERMAN LITERATURE 

A study of the major movements and writers from Naturalism, Expres- 
sionism, and the postwar period. Hauptmann, Rilke, Mann, Hesse, 
Kaiser, Boll, Grass, Handke, and others. Prerequisite: German 33 or 34 or 
consent of instructor. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Examples of recent studies in German include Classicism, Germanic 
Mythology, Hermann Hesse, the dramas of Frisch, and Durrenmatt. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 



Greek 

Greek is not offered as a major. 

1-2 NEW TESTAMENT GRAMMAR AND READINGS 

Fundamentals of New Testament Greek grammar and readings of selected 
passages of the Greek text. Alternate years. 

11 READINGS IN THE SYNOPTIC GOSPELS 

A comparative study of the Synoptic tradition in Greek. Prerequisite: 
Greek 2 or equivalent. Alternate years. 

12 READINGS IN THE PAULINE EPISTLES 

Selected readings from the letters of Paul in Greek. Prerequisite: Greek 11 
or equivalent. Alternate years. 



The Curriculum 83 



Hebrew 

Hebrew is not offered as a major. 

1-2 OLD TESTAMENT GRAMMAR AND READINGS 

Fundamentals of Old Testament Hebrew grammar and readings of 
selected passages of the Hebrew text. Alternate years. 

11-12 INTERMEDIATE OLD TESTAMENT HEBREW 

A critical reading of the Hebrew text with special attention being given to 
exegetical questions. The text read varies from year to year. Prerequisite: 
Hebrew 2 or equivalent. Alternate years. 

Spanish 

A major consists of eight courses numbered 10 or above, including at least two 
numbered 33 or above. Foreign Languages and Literatures 38 may be included. 
Foreign Languages and Literatures 25 does not count toward the major. 

All majors who wish to be certified for teaching in secondary school must 
pass Foreign Language and Literatures 38, Spanish 31, and one from 33, 34, or 
35. A language-proficiency test is required of these students during their senior 
year. 

The specific courses from those numbered 31 or above which are offered in 
a given year are selected in consideration of the curriculum requirements and 
career needs of advanced students. 

1-2 ELEMENTARY 

Aim of course is to acquire the fundamentals of the language with a view 
to using them. Regular practice in speaking, understanding, and reading. 

10-11 INTERMEDIATE 

Review and development of fundamentals of the language for immediate 
use in speaking, understanding, and reading with a view to building con- 
fidence in self-expression. Prerequisite: Spanish 2 or equivalent. 

20 CONVERSATION 

The purpose of this course is to improve the student's ability in spon- 
taneous conversations, focusing on everyday activities and matters of cur- 
rent concern as suggested in readings from Latin American and peninsular 
sources. Vocabulary building is stressed. Prerequisite: Spanish 11 or 
equivalent. 

28 SPAIN 

To introduce students to the Spanish people — their values, customs, and 
institutions, with reference to the major socio-economic, political, and ar- 
tistic forces governing present-day Spain. Prerequisite: Spanish 20 or con- 
sent of the instructor. Alternates with Spanish 29. 



84 The Curriculum 



29 MEXICO 

To introduce students to our most important Latin- American neighbor. 
History, literature, art, and music, principally covering the period from the 
Spanish conquest. Prerequisite: Spanish 20 or consent of the instructor. 
Alternates with Spanish 28. 

31 SPANISH GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE 

Study of intonation, complex grammatical rules and their practical ap- 
plication, and a brief survey of the development of the language. Recom- 
mended for all majors. 

33 SURVEY OF SPANISH LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION I 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish 
literature, representative authors, and major socio-economic 
developments. The course deals with the literature from the beginning 
through the 17th century. Prerequisite: Spanish 20 or consent of the in- 
structor. 

34 SURVEY OF SPANISH LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION II 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish 
literature, representative authors, and major socio-economic 
developments. The course deals with the literature from the 18th century 
to the present. Prerequisite: Spanish 55 or consent of the instructor. 

3 5 SURVEY OF SPANISH AMERICAN LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION 

Designed to acquaint the student with important periods of Spanish- 
American literature, representative authors, and major socio-economic 
developments. The course deals with the literature, especially the essay and 
poetry, from the 16th century to the present. Prerequisite: Spanish 20 or 
consent of the instructor. 

44 SPANISH LITERATURE OF THE GOLDEN AGE 

A study of representative works and principal literary figures in the poetry, 
prose, and drama of the 16th and 17th centuries. Prerequisite: Spanish 55 
or consent of the instructor. 

45 MODERN HISPANIC LITERATURE 

Readings of important works of drama, poetry, and prose from the major 
periods of 19th and 20th century Spanish and Latin-American literature. 
Prerequisite: Spanish 54, 55, or consent of the instructor. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Recent studies include literary, linguistic, and cultural topics and themes 
such as urban problems as reflected in the modern novel. 



The Curriculum 85 



90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 

HISTORY 

Associate Professor: Larson, Piper (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Morris 

A major consists of 10 courses, including 10, 11, and 45. At least seven courses 
must be taken in the department. The following courses may be counted 
toward fulfilling the major requirements: American Studies 10, Political 
Science 39, Religion 28 and 46. Other appropriate courses outside the depart- 
ment may be counted upon departmental approval. For history majors who stu- 
dent teach in history, the major consists of nine courses. In addition to the 
courses listed below, special courses, independent study, and honors are 
available. Special courses recently taught and anticipated include a 
biographical study of European Monarchs, the European Left, the In- 
dustrialization and Urbanization of Modern Europe, Utopian Movements in 
America, the Peace Movement in America, The Vietnam War, and American 
Legal History. History majors are encouraged to participate in the internship 
program. 

10 EUROPE 1500-1815 

An examination of the political, social, cultural, and intellectual history of 
Europe and its relations with other areas of the world from 1500 to 1815. 

11 EUROPE 1815-Present 

An examination of the political, social, cultural, and intellectual history of 
Europe and its relations with other areas of the world from 1815 to the 
present. 

12 UNITED STATES HISTORY 1603-1877 

A study of the men, measures, and movements which have been signifi- 
cant in the development of the United States between 1603 and 1877. At- 
tention is paid to the problems of minority groups as well as to majority 
and national influences. 

13 UNITED STATES HISTORY 1877-Present 

A study of the men, measures, and movements which have been signifi- 
cant in the development of the United States since 1877. Attention is paid 
to the problems of minority groups as well as to majority and national in- 
fluences. 

20 ANCIENT HISTORY 

A study of the ancient western world, including the foundations of the 
western tradition in Greece, the emergence and expansion of the Roman 
state, its experience as a republic, and its transformation into the Empire. 



86 The Curriculum 



The course will focus on the social and intellectual life of Greece and Rome 
as well as political and economic changes. Alternate years. 

22 MEDIEVAL EUROPE AND ITS NEIGHBORS 

The history of Europe from the dissolution of the Roman Empire to the 
mid- 15th century. The course will deal with the growing estrangement of 
western Catholic Europe from the Byzantium and Islam, culminating in 
the Crusades; the rise of the Islamic Empire and its later fragmentation; 
the development and growth of feudalism; the conflict of empire and 
papacy, and the rise of towns. Alternate years. 

23 EUROPE IN THE ERA OF THE WORLD WARS 

An intensive study of the political, economic, social, and cultural history of 
Europe from 1900-1945. Topics include the rise of irrationalism, the 
origins of the First World War, the Communist and Fascist Revolutions, 
and the attempts to preserve peace before 1939. Prerequisite: History 11 or 
consent of instructor. 

24 CONTEMPORARY EUROPE 

An intensive study of the political, economic, social, and cultural history of 
Europe since 1945. Topics include the post-war economic recovery of 
Europe, the Sovietization of Eastern Europe, the origins of the Cold War, 
decolonization, and the flowering of the welfare state. Prerequisite: 
History 11 or consent of instructor. 

25 FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON 

An analysis of the political, social, and intellectual background of the 
French Revolution, a survey of the course of revolutionary development, 
and an estimate of the results of the Napoleonic conquests and administra- 
tion. Prerequisite: History 10 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

26 COLONIAL AMERICA AND THE REVOLUTIONARY ERA 

The establishment of British settlements on the American continent, their 
history as colonies, the causes and events of the American Revolution, the 
critical period following independence, and proposal and adoption of the 
United States Constitution. Alternate years. 

27 20TH CENTURY UNITED STATES 

This course begins with the Progressive Era and includes the political, 
economic, and social developments in the 20th century. Emphasis will be 
placed on the domestic and international demands which have faced the 
United States in the period following World War II. 

28 AFRO-AMERICAN HISTORY 

A study of the experiences and participation of Afro- Americans in the 
United States. The course includes historical experiences such as slavery, 
abolition, reconstruction, and urbanization. It also raises the issue of the 



The Curriculum 87 



development and growth of white racism, and the effect of this racism on 
contemporary Afro- American social, intellectual, and political life. Alter- 
nate years. 

29 LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY 

An examination of the native civilization, the age of discovery and con- 
quest, Spanish colonial policy, the independence movements, and the 
development of modern institutions and governments in Latin America. 
Alternate years. 

33 CONFLICT IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION 

An in-depth study of the changing nature of war and its relationship to the 
development of Western Civilization since the end of the Middle Ages. 
Particular emphasis will be placed on the role of war in the development of 
the modern nation state and the origins and nature of total war. Alternate 
years. 

34 DIPLOMATIC HISTORY OF EUROPE SINCE 1789 

A survey of the development of the European-states system and the rela- 
tions between the European states since the beginning of the French 
Revolution. Prerequisite: History 11 or consent of instructor. Alternate 
years. 

35 THE CRISIS OF LIBERALISM AND NATIONALISM, 
EUROPE 1848-1870 

An in-depth investigation of the crucial "Middle Years" of 19th century 
Europe from the revolutions of 1848 through the unification of Germany. 
The course centers on the struggles for power within the major states of 
Europe at this time, and how the vehicle of nationalism was used to bring 
about one type of solution. Alternate years. 

37 AGE OF JEFFERSON AND JACKSON 

The theme of the course is the emergence of the political and social 
characteristics that shaped modern America. The personalities of Thomas 
Jefferson, John Marshall, John Randolph, Aaron Burr, and Andrew 
Jackson receive special attention. Special consideration is given to the first 
and second party systems, the decline in community cohesiveness, the 
westward movement, and the growing importance of the family as a unit 
of social organization. Alternate years. 

38 CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION 

The problems and events leading to war, the political and military history 
of the war, and the bitter aftermath to the Compromise of 1877. 

39 20TH CENTURY UNITED STATES RELIGION 

The study of historical and cultural developments in American society 
which relates to religion or what is commonly called religion. This involves 
consideration of the institutional and intellectual development of several 
faith groups as well as discussion of certain problems, such as the per- 



88 The Curriculum 



sistence of religious bigotry and the changing modes of church-state rela- 
tionships. Alternate years. 

40 HISTORY OF RENAISSANCE THOUGHT 

A study of the classical, humanist, and scholastic elements involved in the 
development of the Renaissance outlook on views and values, both in Italy 
and in Northern Europe. The various combinations of social and political 
circumstances which constitute the historical context of these intellectual 
developments will be noted. Alternate years. 

41 HISTORY OF REFORMATION THOUGHT 

A study of the ideas and systems of ideas propounded prior to the Refor- 
mation, but which are historically related to its inception, and of the ideas 
and systems of ideas involved in the formulation of the major Reforma- 
tion, Protestant traditions and in the Catholic Reformation. Included are 
the ideas of the humanists of the Reformation Era. Alternate years. 

42 UNITED STATES SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL HISTORY TO 1877 

A study of the social and intellectual experience of the United States from 
its colonial antecedents through reconstruction. Among the topics con- 
sidered are Puritanism, transcendentalism, community life and organiza- 
tion, education, and social-reform movements. Prerequisites: two courses 
from History 12, 13, 28, or consent of instructor. 

43 UNITED STATES SOCIAL AND INTELLECTUAL HISTORY 
SINCE 1877 

A study of the social and intellectual experience of the United States from 
reconstruction to the present day. Among the topics considered are social 
Darwinism, pragmatism, community life and organization, education and 
social reform movements. Prerequisites: two courses from History 12, 13, 
28 or consent of instructor. 

45 HISTORICAL METHODS 

This course focuses on the nature and meaning of history. It will open to 
the student different historical approaches and will provide the opportuni- 
ty to explore these approaches in terms of particular topics and periods. 
Majors are required to enroll in this course in either their junior or senior 
year. The course is open to other students who have two courses in history 
or consent of the instructor. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Typically, history interns work for local government agencies engaged in 
historical projects or for the Lycoming County Historical Museum. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Recent topics include studies of the immigration of American blacks, 



The Curriculum 89 



political dissension in the Weimer Republic, Indian relations before the 
American Revolution, and the history of Lycoming County. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 

Two recent projects were the Germans in Pennsylvania Politics, 1878-1938, 
and the Reign of Tiglath Pileser I (1116-1075 B.C.). 



INTERNATIONAL STUDIES 

Associate Professor: Larson (Coordinator) 

The major is designed to integrate an understanding of the changing social, 
political, and historical environment of Europe today with study of Europe in 
its relations to the rest of the world, particularly the United States. It stresses 
the international relations of the North Atlantic community and offers the stu- 
dent opportunity to emphasize either European studies or international rela- 
tions. The program provides multiple perspectives on the cultural traits that 
shape popular attitudes and institutions. Study of a single country is included 
as a data- base for comparisons, and study of its language as a basis for direct 
communication with its people. 

The program is intended to prepare a student either for graduate study or 
for careers which have an international component. International obligations 
are increasingly assumed by governmental agencies and a wide range of 
business, social, religious, and educational organizations. Opportunities are 
found in the fields of journalism, publishing, communications, trade, bank- 
ing, advertising, management, and tourism. The program also offers flexible 
career preparation in a variety of essential skills, such as research, data analysis, 
report writing, language skills, and the awareness necessary for dealing with 
people and institutions of another culture. Preparation for related careers can 
be obtained through the guided selection of courses outside the major in the 
areas of business, economics, foreign languages and literatures, government, 
history, and international relations or through a second major. Students should 
design their programs in consultation with members of the Committee on In- 
ternational Studies. 

By completing six to eight additional courses in the social sciences (which 
include those courses needed to complete a major in economics, history, 
political science, or sociology /anthropology) and the required program in 
education, students can be certified for the teacher education program in social 
studies. By completing a major in the foreign language (five or more courses) 
and the education program, students can be certified to teach that language. 
The International Studies program also encourages participation in study- 
abroad programs, as well as the Washington and United Nations semesters. 

The major includes 11 courses selected as follows: 

International Relations Courses — Four or two courses (if two, then four must 
be taken from Area Courses). Courses within this group are designed to provide 
a basic understanding of the international system and of Europe's relations 
with the rest of the world. Political Science 25 is required. 



90 The Curriculum 



Political Science 25: World Politics 
Economics 43: International Trade 
History 34: European Diplomatic History 
Political Science 39: American Foreign Policy 

Area Courses — Four or two courses (if two, then four must be taken from In- 
ternational Relations Courses). Courses within this group are designed to pro- 
vide a basic understanding of the European political, social, and economic en- 
vironment. History 11 and Economics 22 are required. 

History 11: Europe 1815-Present 

Economics 22: Economic Systems of the West 

Political Science 20: European Politics 

History 23: Europe in the Era of the World Wars 

History 24: Contemporary Europe 

National Courses 

Language — Two courses in one language. 

French 20, plus one course numbered 23 or above (except 28) 
German 20, plus one course numbered 31 or above 
Spanish 20, plus one course numbered 31 or above 

Country — One course. The student must select, according to his or her 
language preparation, one European country which will serve as a special 
interest area throughout the program. The country selected will serve as 
the base for individual projects in the major courses wherever possible. 

France — French 28: Modern France 

Germany — History 80: Topics in German History 

Spain — Spanish 28: Contemporary Hispanic Life 

Elective Course — One course which should involve further study of some 
aspect of the program. Appropriate courses are any area or international rela- 
tions courses not yet taken, History 10, 32, 33; Economics 23, 45; Political 
Science 26, 27, 38, 46; related foreign-literature courses counting toward the 
fine-arts requirement and internships. 

49 SENIOR SEMINAR 

A one-semester seminar, taken in the senior year, in which students and 
several faculty members will pursue an integrative topic in the field of in- 
ternational studies. Students will work to some extent independently. 
Guest speakers will be invited. The seminar will be open to qualified per- 
sons from outside the major and the college. Prerequisite: consent of the 
instructor. 

LITERATURE 

Associate Professor: Maples (Coordinator) 

This major recognizes literature as a distinct discipline beyond national bound- 
aries and combines the study of any two literatures in the areas of English, 
French, German, and Spanish. Students can thus explore two literatures widely 



The Curriculum 91 



and intensively at the upper levels of course offerings within each of the respec- 
tive departments while developing and applying skills in foreign languages. 
The major prepares students for graduate study in either of the two literatures 
studies or in comparative literature. 

The major requires at least six literature courses, equally divided between 
the two literatures concerned. The six must be at the advanced level as deter- 
mined in consultation with advisers (normally courses numbered 20 and above 
in English and 40 and above in foreign languages). In general, two of the ad- 
vanced courses in each literature should be period courses. The third course, 
taken either as a regular course or as independent study, may have as its subject 
another period, a particular author, genre, or literary theme, or some other uni- 
fying approach or idea. Beyond these six, the major must include at least two 
additional courses from among those counting toward a major in the depart- 
ments involved. Any prerequisite courses in the respective departments (for ex- 
ample: English 14, 15, 16, 17, French 23, German 33, 34) should be taken dur- 
ing the freshman and sophomore years. Students should design their programs 
in consultation with a faculty member from each of the literatures concerned. 
Programs for the major must be approved by the departments involved. 



MASS COMMUNICATIONS 

Professor: Anapol (Coordinator) 

The major in mass communications offers a liberal-arts background and a pro- 
fessional sequence through a combination of courses from the Departments of 
Art, Business Administration, English, Political Science, Sociology- Anthropol- 
ogy, and the broadcasting and graphic-arts departments of the Williamsport 
Area Community College. The program assures a broadly based academic 
foundation with special competency in a selected concentration, plus career 
orientation in a specific area. 
Students must: 

1. Successfully complete one of the following sequences: 

Advertising 

Advertising Design-Photography 

Broadcast Journalism 

Newspaper 

Public Relations 

2. Take a concentration of at least four courses related to the student's pro- 
gram in a single department of the college in consultation with the chair- 
man of that department and with the approval of the mass communica- 
tions coordinator. If the student concentrates in a department represented 
in the sequence chosen, the student must take at least three courses which 
are not required in that sequence. 

3. Successfully complete an internship or independent study related to the se- 
quence chosen. 

Advertising Sequence: 

Comm. 10 Introduction to Mass Communications 



92 The Curriculum 



Bus. 28-29 Marketing Management 

Bus. 32 Advertising 

Bus. 47 Creative Advertising 

P.S. 48 Public Opinion and Polling or 

Soc. 47 Research Methods 

GCO 511 Layout and Design 

GCO 512 Typographic Composition 

Choose two courses from the following with consent of adviser: 

Art 11, Art 27, Eng. 18 or 22, Eng. 35 or Eng. 36, Eng. 34, or Theatre 11. 

Advertising Design-Photography Sequence: 

Comm. 10 Introduction to Mass Communications 

Art 11 Drawing 

Art 15 Two-dimensional Design 

Art 12 Color Theory 

Art 27 Photography 

Bus. 32 Advertising Principles 

GCO 511 Layout and Design 

GCO 512 Typographic Composition 

GCO 521 Process Camera 

Choose two courses from the following with consent of adviser: 

Art 16, Art 37, Art 21, Bus. 47, Eng. 35 or Eng. 36, Eng. 34, or Theatre 11. 

Broadcast Journalism Sequence: 

Comm. 10 Introduction to Mass Communications 

Eng. 24 Newswriting for Radio and TV 

P.S. 34 Political Newswriting 

P.S. 48 Public Opinion and Polling 

Thea. ' 1 Principles of Oral Communication 

BRC 242 Station Management and Community Responsibility 

BRC 112 Basic Electronics and FCC Licensing 

Choose two courses from the following with consent of adviser: 

Art 27, P.S. 11, P.S. 32, Psych. 24, Soc. 34, Eng. 34, or Theatre 11. 

Newspaper Sequence: 

Comm. 10 Introduction to Mass Communications 

Eng. 23 Newswriting for the Print Media 

P.S. 34 Political Newswriting 

P.S. 11 State and Local Government 

P.S. 48 Public Opinion and Polling 

Art 27 Photography 

GCO 512 Typographic Composition 

Choose two courses from the following with consent of adviser: 

Art 37, Eng. 18 or Eng. 22, Eng. 24, P.S. 32, Psych. 24, Soc. 34, Eng. 34, or 

Theatre 11. 

Public Relations Sequence: 

Comm. 10 Introduction to Mass Communications 

Eng. 23 Newswriting for the Print Media 



The Curriculum 93 



Eng. 37 Public Relations and Publicity 

Bus. 28-29 Marketing Management 

P.S. 48 Public Opinion and Polling or 

Soc. 47 Research Methods 

Art 27 Photography 

Choose two courses from the following with consent of adviser: 

Art 37, Bus. 32, Eng. 18 or Eng. 22, Eng. 24, Psych. 24, Eng. 34, or Theatre 11. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO MASS COMMUNICATIONS 

Part 1 : Theories of the process of mass communications and introduction 
to the mass media; attention will be given to problems of censorship and 
media ethics. Part 2: Analysis of the mass media's impact on society; em- 
phasis will be placed on the social, psychological, and political implications 
of the media's shaping influence on man and institutions. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns usually work off campus in a field related to their communications 
sequence; some may work with the student newspaper or radio station. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Studies involve research related to the communications sequence of the 
student. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 



Through special arrangement, the following courses offered at the 
Williamsport Area Community College are available to students in the mass 
communications major only. The WACC courses are taken as part of the stu- 
dent's semester schedule and are listed with Lycoming offerings during registra- 
tion periods. 



Graphic Arts 

5 1 1 LAYOUT AND DESIGN 

Analysis of materials, tools, and techniques used in preparation of copy for 
reproduction; paste-up and color separation overlays. 4 Cr. 

512 TYPOGRAPHIC COMPOSITION 

Fundamentals of typesetting. Theory and practice in the care and use of 
composing machines, both hot (mechanical) and cold (photo). 4 Cr. 



94 The Curriculum 



521 PROCESS CAMERA 

Concepts and techniques of darkroom procedure for reproduction of line 
and halftone copy on process camera. 4 Cr. 

Broadcasting 

112 BASIC ELECTRONICS AND FCC LICENSING 

Fundamental mechanics of operation of tape recorders, turntables, net- 
work facilities, and multispeaker systems; mechanics necessary to obtain 
FCC licensing; field visits to at least five different stations. 3 Cr. 

242 STATION MANAGEMENT AND COMMUNITY RESPONSIBILITY 

Study of problems related to serving community needs while making a 
profit; ratio of advertising to program time; character of station; meeting 
community responsibility through community interest programs; responsi- 
ble use of editorial privilege. 3 Cr. 




The Curriculum 95 



MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES 

Associate Professor: Getchell, Haley, J. Hubbard (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: Sprechini 

Instructor: Troxel 

Part-time Instructor: A. Hubbard 

Visiting Instructor: Murphy 

The Department of Mathematical Sciences offers major programs in computer 
science and mathematics. 

Computer Science 

A major in computer science consists of 11 courses: Mathematics 18, 19, either 
21 or 24, and Computer Science 15, 26, 27, 31, 37, 44, 45, and 46. In addi- 
tion, the following cognate courses are recommended: Mathematics 13, 14, 20, 
38, Physics 27, Philosophy 19, 20, and Psychology 37. 

2 COMPUTERS IN SOCIETY 

A study of the role of digital computers in society today with primary em- 
phasis on what can be done, rather than how to do it. The main goal of the 
course is to make the student aware of the growing influence which com- 
puters are likely to have on society in the near future. Students with credit 
for Mathematics 15 may not receive credit for this course. One-half unit of 
credit. 

15 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE 

Introduction to programming, utilizing BASIC and FORTRAN IV. Topics 
include program structure, computer configuration, memory allocation, 
algorithms, and applications. Includes laboratory experience on the 
PDP11/70 computer. Prerequisite: credit for or exemption from 
Mathematics 5. 

26 PRINCIPLES OF ADVANCED PROGRAMMING 

Principles of effective programming, including structured programming, 
step-wise refinement, assertion proving, style, debugging, control struc- 
ture, decision tables, finite state machines, recursion, and encoding. Prere- 
quisite: Computer Science 15. 

27 DATA STRUCTURES 

Representation of data and algorithms associated with data structures. 
Topics include representation of lists, trees, graphs and strings, algorithms 
for searching and sorting. Prerequisite: Computer Science 26. 

31 INTRODUCTION TO NUMERICAL ANALYSIS 

Study and analysis of tabulated data leading to interpolation, numerical 



96 The Curriculum 



integration, numerical solutions of differential equations, and systems of 
equations. Prerequisite: Computer Science 15 and Mathematics 19- Alter- 
nate years. Cross-listed as Mathematics 31. 

37 COMPUTATIONAL MATRIX ALGEBRA 

An introduction to some of the algorithms which have been developed for 
producing numerical solutions to such linear algebraic problems as solving 
systems of linear equations, inverting matrices, computing the eigenvalues 
of a matrix, and solving the linear least-squares problem. Prerequisite: 
Computer Science 15 and Mathematics 19 or consent of instructor. Alter- 
nate years. Cross-listed as Mathematics 37. 

44 MACHINE LANGUAGE 

Principles of machine language programming; computer organization and 
representation of numbers, strings, arrays, and list structures at the 
machine level; interrupt programming, relocatable code, linking loaders; 
interfacing with operating systems. Prerequisite: Computer Science 26. 
Alternate years. 

45 SYSTEMS PROGRAMMING 

The emphasis in this course is on the algorithms used in programming the 
various parts of a computer system. These parts include assemblers, 
loaders, editors, interrupt processors, input /output schedulers, processor 
and job schedulers, and memory managers. Prerequisite: Computer 
Science 27. Alternate years. 

AG COMPILER CONSTRUCTION 

The emphasis in this course is on the construction of translators for pro- 
gramming languages. Topics include lexical analysis, block structure, 
grammars, parsing, program representation, and run-time organization. 
Prerequisite: Computer Science 27. Alternate years. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 



Mathematics 

A major in mathematics consists of 10 units of mathematics courses numbered 
10 or above: Mathematics 18, 19, 20, 24, 34, 42, and three other mathematics 
courses numbered 20 or above. Students seeking secondary certification in 
mathematics are required to complete Mathematics 30 and 36 and are advised 
to enroll in Philosophy 17. In addition, all majors are advised to elect Com- 
puter Science 15, Philosophy 20 and 33, and Astronomy /Physics 25 and 26. 



The Curriculum 97 



In addition to the regular courses listed below, special courses are occa- 
sionally available on an independent-study basis. Recent topics include graph 
theory, discrete probability, actuarial mathematics, theory of games of chance, 
and mathematics physics. 

1 CONTINUOUS MODELS 

A survey of the central ideas of the infinitesimal calculus, its historical 
development, and some of its modern "applications. Students with credit 
for Mathematics 9 or 18 may not receive credit for this course. One -half 
unit of credit. 

5 INDIVIDUALIZED LABORATORY INSTRUCTION IN BASIC 
ALGEBRA 

A self-paced study of arithmetic and decimal numerals, fractions, the real 
number line, factoring, solutions to linear and quadratic equations, graphs 
of linear and quadratic functions, expressions with rational exponents, 
algebraic functions, exponential functions, and inequalities. THIS 
COURSE IS LIMITED TO STUDENTS PLACED THEREIN BY THE 
MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT. One- half unit of credit. 

7 MATHEMATICS IN ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 

This course is intended for prospective elementary-school teachers and is 
required of all those seeking elementary certification. Topics include 
systems of numbers and of numeration, computational algorithms, en- 
vironmental and transformation geometry measurement, and 
mathematical concept formation. Observation and participation in Greater 
Williamsport elementary schools. Corequisite: any education course 
numbered 40 or above which is specifically required for elementary cer- 
tification or consent of instructor. 

9 INTRODUCTION TO CALCULUS 

An intuitive approach to the calculus concepts with applications to 
business, biology, and social-sciene problems. Not open to students who 
have completed Mathematics 18. Prerequisite: credit for or exemption 
from Mathematics 5. Alternate years. 

12 FINITE MATHEMATICS FOR DECISION MAKING 

An introduction to some of the principal mathematical models, not involv- 
ing calculus, which are used in business administration, social sciences, and 
operations research. The course will include both deterministic models 
such as graphs, networks, linear programming and voting models, and 
probabilistic models such as Markov chains and games. Prerequisite: credit 
for or exemption from Mathematics 5. 

13 INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS 

Empirical distributions of measurements, probability and random 



98 The Curriculum 



variables, discrete and continuous probability distributions, statistical in- 
ference from small samples, linear regression and correlation, analysis of 
enumerative data. Prerequisite: credit for or exemption from Mathematics 
5. 

14 MULTIVARIATE STATISTICS 

The study of statistical techniques used in experimental designs involving 
more than two random variables. Techniques include analysis of variance, 
analysis of covariance, multiple regression and correlation, introduction to 
factor analysis, and discriminative analysis. Extensive use of the PDPll/70 
computer as a problem-solving tool will be included. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 13. Alternate years. One-half unit of credit. 

17 PRECALCULUS MATHEMATICS 

The study of logarithmic, exponential, trigonometric, polynomial, and ra- 
tional functions, their graphs, and elementary properties. Prerequisite: 
credit for or exemption from Mathematics 5. 

18 CALCULUS WITH ANALYTIC GEOMETRY I 

Differentiation of algebraic functions, graphing plane curves, appplica- 
tions to related rate and extremal problems, integration of algebraic func- 
tions, areas of plane regions, volumes of solids of revolution, and other ap- 
plications. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in Mathematics 11 or its 
equivalent or consent of instructor. 

19 CALCULUS WITH ANALYTIC GEOMETRY II 

Differentiation and integration of transcendental functions, parametric 
equations, polar coordinates, the conic sections and their applications, in- 
finite sequences, and series expansions. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better 
in Mathematics 18 or consent of instructor. 

20 MULTIVARIATE CALCULUS WITH MATRIX ALGEBRA 

Vectors, linear transformations and their matrix representations, deter- 
minants, matrix inversion, solutions to systems of linear equations, dif- 
ferentiation and integration of multivariate functions, vector field theory 
and applications. Prerequisite: a grade ofC or better in Mathematics 19 or 
consent of instructor. 

21 DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 

A study of ordinary differential equations and their applications: first- 
order linear differential equations, the Picard Existence Theorem, solution 
by separation of variables, solution by numerical methods; second-order 
linear differential equations, solution by variation of parameters, solution 
by power series, solution by Laplace transforms; system of first-order equa- 
tions, solutions by eigenvalues; qualitative theory, stability theory asymp- 
totic behavior, and the Poincare-Bendixon theorem. Besides the usual ap- 



The Curriculum 99 



plications in physics and engineering, considerable attention will be given 
to modern applications in the social and life sciences. Prerequisite: a grade 
of C or better in Mathematics 19 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

23 COMPLEX VARIABLES 

Complex numbers, analytic functions, complex integration, Cauchy's 
theorems and their applications. Corequisite: Mathematics 20. Alternate 
years. 

24 FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 

Topics regularly included are the nature of mathematical systems, essen- 
tials of logical reasoning, and axiomatic foundations of set theory. Other 
topics frequently included are approaches to the concepts of infinity and 
continuity, and the construction of the real number system. The course 
serves as a bridge from the elementary calculus to advanced courses in 
algebra and analysis. Prerequisite: Mathematics 19 or consent of instructor. 

30 TOPICS IN GEOMETRY 

An axiomatic treatment of Euclidean geometry, and an introduction to 
related geometries. Prerequisite: Mathematics 18. Alternate years. 

31 INTRODUCTION TO NUMERICAL ANALYSIS 

Study and analysis of tabulated data leading to interpolation, numerical 
integration, numerical solutions of differential equations, and systems of 
equations. Prerequisite: Computer Science 15 and Mathematics 19. Alter- 
nate years. Cross-listed as Computer Science 31. 

32-33 MATHEMATICAL STATISTICS I-II 

A study of probability, discrete and continuous random variables, ex- 
pected values and moments, sampling, point estimation, sampling 
distributions, interval estimation, test of hypotheses, regression and linear 
hypotheses, experimental design models. Prerequisite: Mathematics 19. 
Alternate years. 

34 MODERN ALGEBRA 

An integrated approach to groups, rings, fields, and vector spaces and 
functions which preserve their structure. Prerequisite: Mathematics 24. 

36 CONCEPTS OF MATHEMATICS IN SECONDARY EDUCATION 

A course designed for mathematics majors who are planning to teach at the 
secondary level. Emphasis will be placed on the mathematics that form the 
foundation of secondary mathematics. Ideas will be presented to 
familiarize the student with various curriculum proposals, to provide for 
innovation within the existing curriculum, and to expand the boundaries 
of the existing curriculum. Open only to junior and senior mathematics 
majors enrolled in the secondary-education program. Alternate years. 



100 The Curriculum 



37 COMPUTATIONAL MATRIX ALGEBRA 

An introduction to some of the algorithms which have been developed for 
producing numerical solutions to such linear algebraic problems as solving 
systems of linear equations, inverting matrices, computing the eigenvalues 
of a matrix, and solving the linear least squares problem. Prerequisite: 
Computer Science 15 and Mathematics 19 or consent of instructor. Alter- 
nate years. Cross-listed as Computer Science 3 7. 

38 OPERATIONS RESEARCH 

Queuing theory, including simulation techniques; optimization theory, 
including linear programming, integer programming, and dynamic pro- 
gramming; integer programming, and dynamic programming; game 
theory, including two-person zero-sum games, cooperative games, and 
multiperson games. Prerequisite: Mathematics 12 or Mathematics 20. 
Alternate years. 

42 REAL ANALYSIS 

A rigorous analysis of the basic concepts of real variable calculus; the real 
number system as a complete, ordered field; the topology of Euclidean 
space, compact sets, the Heine-Borel Theorem; continuity; the In- 
termediate Value Theorem; derivatives, the Mean Value Theorem; 
Riemann integrals, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus; infinite series, 
and Taylor's theorem. Prerequisite: Mathematics 24. 

48 SEMINAR 

Topics in modern mathematics of current interest to the instructor. A dif- 
ferent topic is selected each semester. This semester is designed to provide 
junior and senior mathematics majors and other qualified students with 
more than the usual opportunity for concentrated and cooperative inquiry. 
Prerequisite: consent of instructor. One-half unit of credit. This course 
may be repeated for credit. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 



MUSIC 

Assistant Professors: Boerckel, Jex, Thayer (Chairman) 
Part-Time Instructors: Lakey, Mclver, Nacinovich, Russell, 

The music major is required to take a balanced program of theory, applied 



The Curriculum 101 



music, music history, and music ensemble. A minimum of eight courses (ex- 
clusive of applied music and ensemble) is required, and these must include 
Music 10, 11, 17, 32, and any two from 35, 36, 45, 46. Music 17 is not required 
of the music major who completes Music 35, 36, 45, and 46. Each major must 
participate in an ensemble (Music 68 and / or 69) and take one hour of applied 
music per week for a minimum of four semesters. (See Music 60-66). The major 
must include piano in the applied program unless a piano proficiency test is re- 
quested and passed. Anyone declaring music as a second major must do so by 
the beginning of the junior year. 

10-11 MUSIC THEORY I AND II 

A two-semester course open to all students. An examination of the fun- 
damental components and theoretical concepts of music. The student will 
develop musicianship through application of applied skills. (Music 10 is 
prerequisite to Music 11). 

16 INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC 

A basic course in the materials and techniques of music. Examples, drawn 
from various periods and styles, are designed to enhance perception and 
appreciation through careful and informed listening. 

17 SURVEY OF WESTERN MUSIC 

A chronological survey of Western music from the Middle Ages to the pres- 
ent for the major or non-major. 

18 AMERICAN MUSIC I 

For the major or non-major interested in studying all types of American 
music, from pre-Revolutionary days through World War I. Areas explored 
will include Indian, African, and European roots influencing the serious 
music for small and large ensembles, the development of show music from 
minstrels to Broadway musicals, the evolution of "Tin Pan Alley," and the 
beginnings of jazz. Alternate years. 

19 AMERICAN MUSIC II 

For the major or non-major interested in studying all types of American 
music. American Music II will cover post- World War I days to the present. 
Areas explored will include indigenous serious music for small and large 
ensembles, the mature Broadway musical, the evolution of jazz, the 
development of rock, and the fusion of musical styles in the 1970's. Alter- 
nate years. 

20-21 MUSIC THEORY III AND IV 

A continuation of the integrated theory course moving toward newer uses 
of music materials. Prerequisite: Music 11. Alternate years. 



102 The Curriculum 



22 ELECTRONIC MUSIC I 

Largely a non-technical introduction to electronic music designed for the 
major and non-major. The course traces the development of electronic 
music, introduces the student to simple tape-splicing and recorder 
manipulation, and progresses to the present-day synthesizer and multi- 
track techniques. Students will work collectively and individually in the 
electronic studios. Alternate years. 

30 COMPOSITION 

Creative writing in smaller vocal and instrumental forms. The beginning of 
the course requires students to identify and use the techniques developed 
by major composers of the 20th century. Students begin developing a per- 
sonal style of composition in the remainder of the semester. One composi- 
tion by each class member will be presented in a New Works recital toward 
the end of the semester. Prerequisite: Music 10-11 or consent of instructor. 
Alternate years. 

31 CONDUCTING 

A study of the fundamentals of conducting with frequent opportunity for 
practical experience. The college music organizations serve to make perfor- 
mance experience possible. Prerequisite: Music 10-11 or consent of instruc- 
tor. Alternate years. 

33 ELECTRONIC MUSIC II 

An in-depth study of the Moog synthesizer, including alternating and 
direct current, signal generators and the characteristics of their waveforms, 
control voltage and its sources, the transient and periodic modulations. 
Basic mixing and filtering techniques will be examined. Students will be 
assigned studio hours to complete the recording assignments. Prerequisite: 
Music 32. Alternate years. 

35 MUSIC HISTORY TO J . S . BACH 

A survey of Western music from Gregorian chant to the masterworks of 
Handel and Bach. Church music of the Middle Ages, Renaissance, and 
Baroque periods is of primary importance with the origins of instrumental 
music and opera receiving secondary consideration. Prerequisite: Music 17 
or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

36 MUSIC HISTORY OF THE 18TH CENTURY 

The symphonies, operas, chamber music, and piano works of Haydn, 
Mozart, and Beethoven are studied within the social and cultural climate 
of late 18th-century Europe. Rococo music in France and Italy will be con- 
sidered with the expressive style of Germany and Austria. Prerequisite: 
Music 17 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 



The Curriculum 103 



37 MUSIC OF THE 19TH CENTURY 

A study of the music of the Romantic period with emphasis on Beethoven, 
Schubert, Chopin, Berlioz, Liszt, Schumann, Brahms, Wagner, Verdi, 
Tchaikovsky, and others. Close examination of short lyric forms, program 
music, opera, and the sonata genre. Prerequisite: Music 17 or consent of 
instructor. Alternate years. 

38 MUSIC OF THE 20TH CENTURY 

Beginning with Debussy, Strauss, Mahler, and Sibelius, the course traces 
some of the main currents in the music of our time. Emphasis given to such 
composers as Stravinsky, Bartok, Ives, Shostakovich, Berg, Gershwin, and 
others. Prerequisite: Music 17 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

39 ORCHESTRATION 

A study of modern orchestral instruments and examination of their use by 
the great masters with practical problems in instrumentation. The college 
music organizations serve to make performance experience possible. Prere- 
quisite: Music 10-11 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

40 COUNTERPOINT 

A study of the five species in two-, three- and four-part writing. Emphasis 
is placed upon the 16th century writing style. Prerequisite: Music 10-11 or 
consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

42 ELECTRONIC MUSIC III 

An introduction to acoustic theory, echo technique, location modulation, 
application of equalization, phasing, and microphones. The student will 
write and perform an electronic composition utilizing real-time networks. 
Prerequisite: Music 33- Alternate years. 

43 ELECTRONIC MUSIC IV 

A study of major compositions and genres of electronic music. The student 
will complete an original composition based upon a study of these tech- 
niques and forms. Prerequisite: Music 42. Alternate years. 



Applied Music and Ensemble 

The study of performance in piano, voice, organ, strings, woodwinds, and per- 
cussion is designed to develop sound technique and a knowledge of the ap- 
propriate literature for the instrument. Student recitals offer opportunities to 
gain experience in public performance. Music majors and other students 
qualified in performance may present formal recitals. 

Credit for applied music courses (private lessons) and ensemble (choir and 
band) is earned on a fractional basis. For a description of this, see page 17. An 
applied course or ensemble should NOT be substituted for an academic course, 
but should in every case be in addition to the normal four academic courses. 



104 The Curriculum 



Extra fees apply for private lessons (Music 60-66) as follows: 

$90 per semester for a half-hour lesson per week. Private lessons are given for 13 
weeks. 

60 Piano 61 Voice 62 Strings 63 Organ 64 Brass 65 Woodwinds 66 Percussion 

68 CHORAL ENSEMBLE (CHOIR) 

Participation in the college choir is designed to enable any student possess- 
ing at least average talent an opportunity to study choral technique. Em- 
phasis is placed upon acquaintance with choral literature, tone production, 
diction, and phrasing. Students desiring credit for choir are allowed a max- 
imum of one hour per semester. A student who is enrolled in choir and not 
band should elect Music 68-B (one hour credit). Students enrolled in both 
band and choir should elect 68-A and 69-A (Vi hr. in each). 

69 INSTRUMENTAL ENSEMBLE (BAND) 

The college band allows students with some instrumental experience to 
become acquainted with good band literature and develop personal musi- 
cianship through participation in group instrumental activity. Students 
desiring credit for ensemble are allowed a maximum of one hour per 
semester. A student who is enrolled in band, but not choir, should elect 
Music 69-B (one hour credit). A student enrolled in both band and choir 
should elect 68-A and 69-A (Vi hr. in each). 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 



NEAR EAST CULTURE AND ARCHEOLOGY 

Professor: Guerra (Coordinator) 

The Near East Culture and Archeology interdisciplinary major is designed to 
acquaint students with the "cradle of Western civilization," both in its ancient 
and modern aspects. Majors will complete a minimum of eight to 10 courses 
related to the Near East. 

Required courses are described in their departmental sections and include: 

1. Four courses (semesters) in language and cultural from: 

History and Culture of the Ancient Near East (Religion 28) 

History of Art (Art 22) 

Ancient History (History 20) 

Old Testament Faith and History (Religion 13) 

Judaism and Islam (Religion 24) 

Two semesters of foreign language (Hebrew 1, 2 or Greek 1, 2) 



The Curriculum 105 



2. Two courses (semesters) in archeology from: 

Bible, Archeology and Faith (Religion 46) 

Special Archeology courses, such as independent studies or in May term or 

summer sessions in the Near East. 

3. Two courses (semesters) in the cooperating departments (art, history, 
political science, religion and sociology-anthropology) or related depart- 
ments. These two courses, usually taken in the junior or senior years, can 
be independent study. Topics should be related either to the ancient or the 
modern Near East and must be approved in advance by the committee 
supervising the interdisciplinary program. The study of modern Arabic or 
Hebrew is encouraged. 

Other courses may be suggested by the supervisory committee within the 
limits of a 10-course major. The number of courses taken within this program 
applicable toward fulfilling the college distribution requirements will vary ac- 
cording to the selection of courses. 

PHILOSOPHY 

Associate Professor: Griffith (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Herring, Whelan 

The study of philosophy develops a critical understanding of the basic concepts 
and presuppositions around which we organize our thought in science, 
religion, education, morality, the arts, and other human enterprises. A major 
in philosophy, together with appropriate other courses, can provide an ex- 
cellent preparation for policy-making positions of many kinds, for graduate 
study in several fields, and for careers in education, law, and the ministry. The 
major in philosophy consists of at least eight courses numbered 10 or above, of 
which six must be numbered 20 or above and must include 21 or 23, 22 or 24, 
and 49. In addition to the courses listed below, special courses are often of- 
fered. 

5 PRACTICAL REASONING 

A general introduction to topics in logic and their application to practical 
reasoning, with primary emphasis on detecting fallacies, evaluating induc- 
tive reasoning, and understanding the rudiments of scientific method. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEMS 

An introductory course designed to show the nature of philosophy by ex- 
amination of several examples of problems which have received extended 
attention in philosophical literature. These topics often include the rela- 
tion of the mind to the body, the possibility of human freedom, 
arguments about the existence of God, the conditions of knowledge, and 
the relation of language to thought. Some attention is also given to the 
principles of acceptable reasoning. 



106 The Curriculum 



14 PHILOSOPHY AND PERSONAL CHOICE 

An introductory philosophical examination of a number of contemporary 
moral issues which call for personal decision. Topics often investigated in- 
clude: the "good" life, obligation to others, sexual ethics, abortion, 
suicide and death, violence and pacifism, obedience to the law, the 
relevance of personal beliefs to morality. Discussion centers on some of the 
suggestions philosophers have made about how to make such decisions. 

15 PHILOSOPHY AND PUBLIC POLICY 

An introductory philosophical examination of the moral and conceptual 
dimension of various contemporary public issues, such as the relation of 
ethics to politics and the law, the enforcement of morals, the problem of 
fair distribution of goods and opportunities, the legitimacy to restricting 
the use of natural resources, and the application of ethics to business prac- 
tice. Discussion centers on some of the suggestions philosophers have made 
about how to deal with these issues. 

16 ETHICAL ISSUES IN BUSINESS 

An introductory philosophical examination of a variety of moral problems 
that arise concerning the American business system. Included are a 
systematic consideration of typical moral problems faced by individuals 
and an examination of common moral criticisms of the business system 
itself. 

17 PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES IN EDUCATION 

An examination of the basic concepts involved in thought about educa- 
tion, and a consideration of the various methods for justifying educational 
proposals. Typical of the issues discussed are: Are education and indoc- 
trination different? What is a liberal education? Are education and school- 
ing compatible? What do we need to learn? Alternate yean. 

18 PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE 

An introductory examination of various philosophical issues and concepts 
which are of special importance in legal contexts. Discussion includes both 
general topics, such as the justification of punishment, and more specific 
topics, such as the insanity defense and the rights of the accused. Readings 
are arranged topically and include both classical and contemporary sources. 

19 ETHICAL ISSUES IN BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE 

A philosophical investigation of some of the ethical issues which arise as a 
result of contemporary medical and biological technology. Typical of these 
issues are euthanasia, behavior control, patient rights, experimentation on 
humans, fetal research, abortion, genetic engineering, population control, 
and distribution of health resources. 



The Curriculum 107 



20 SYMBOLIC LOGIC 

A study of modern symbolic logic and its application to the analysis of 
arguments. Included are truth-functional relations, the logic of proposi- 
tional functions, and deductive systems. Attention is also given to various 
topics in the philosophy of logic. 

21 ANCIENT GREEK ETHICAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 

An examination of the ethical and political views of Socrates, Plato, and 
Aristotle. Considerable attention is paid to the relationship between these 
views and the social and intellectual milieu out of which they developed. 
However, the primary emphasis is on understanding the philosophical 
issues raised in selected Aristotelian and Platonic texts. Prerequisite: 
freshmen must have instructor's permission. Alternate years. 

22 HISTORY OF MODERN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 

An historical survey of the most important social and political philosophers 
of the modern period. Particular attention is paid to the social contract 
theories of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, and some consideration will be 
given to the political philosophies of Hegal, Marx, and Mill. Prerequisite: 
freshmen must have instructor's permission. Alternate years. 

23 ANCIENT GREEK SCIENCE AND METAPHYSICS 

An historical survey of the first attempts to understand the physical 
universe scientifically. Particular attention is paid to the common origins of 
philosophy and science in the works of the pre-Platonic philosophers, to 
the question of how scientific and philosophical thinking is distinct from 
mythological and technological thinking, and to the interaction between 
philosophy and science in formulating the fundamental problems about 
the physical universe and in developing and criticizing the various concepts 
introduced in attempts to solve those problems. Prerequisite: freshmen 
must have instructor's permission. Alternate years. 

24 EARLY MODERN SCIENCE AND METAPHYSICS 

An historical survey of the early modern attempt to understand the 
physical universe. Particular attention is paid to the continuities and 
discontinuities between early modern science and metaphysics and ancient 
Greek science and metaphysics, to the rationalism-empiricism dispute in 
science and metaphysics, and to the interaction between philosophy and 
science in formulating fundamental questions about the physical universe 
and in developing and criticizing concepts designed to answer them. 
Prerequisite: freshmen must have instructor's permission. Alternate years. 

31 PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES IN CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOLOGY 

Theories in psychology which attempt to explain human behavior seem to 
conflict in various ways with religion, with common ideas about morality, 
and with common-sensical ways of explaining human behavior. This 
course examines some of those conflicts philosophically. Prerequisite: 



108 The Curriculum 



students without previous study in philosophy must have instructor's per- 
mission. Alternate years. 

32 PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION 

A philosophical examination of religion. Included are such topics as the 
nature of religious discourse, arguments for and against the existence of 
God, and the relation between religion and science. Readings from 
classical and contemporary sources. Prerequisite: students without previous 
study in philosophy must have instructor's permission. Alternate years. 

33 PHILOSOPHY OF NATURAL SCIENCE 

A consideration of philosophically important conceptual problems arising 
from reflection about natural science, including such topics as the nature 
of scientific laws and theories, the character of explanation, the import of 
prediction, the existence of "non-observable" theoretical entities such as 
electrons and genes, the problem of justifying induction, and various 
puzzles associated with probability. Prerequisite: students without 
previous study in philosophy must have instructor's permission. Alternate 
years. 

34 SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 

A systematic philosophical investigation of the relation between human 
nature and the proper social and political order. Topics studied include the 
purpose of government, the nature of legitimate authority, the foundation 
of human rights, and the limits of human freedom. Emphasis is placed on 
the logic of social and political thought and on the analysis of basic prin- 
ciples and concepts. Prerequisite: students without previous philosophy 
must have instructor's permission. 

35 ETHICAL THEORY 

An inquiry concerning the grounds which distinguish morally right from 
morally wrong actions. Central to the course is critical consideration of the 
proposals and the rationale of relativists, egoists, utilitarians, and other 
ethical theorists. Various topics in metaethics are also included. Prere- 
quisite: students without previous study in philosophy must have instruc- 
tor's permission. 

49 DEPARTMENTAL SEMINAR 

An investigation, carried on by discussions and papers, into one 
philosophical problem, text, philosopher, or movement. A different topic 
is selected each semester. Recent topics include Sidgwick's ethics, religious 
language, Kierkegaard, legal punishment, Wittgenstein, personal identity 
and human rights. This seminar is designed to provide junior and senior 
philosophy majors and other qualified students with more than the usual 
opportunity for concentrated and cooperative inquiry. Prerequisite: con- 
sent of the instructor. This seminar may be repeated for credit. 



The Curriculum 109 



70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

80 INDEPENDENT STUDY 

Recent independent studies in philosophy include Nietzsche, moral educa- 
tion, Rawls' theory of justice, existentialism, euthanasia, Plato's ethics, 
and philosophical aesthetics. 

90 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Associate Professor: Burch (Chairman) 
Assistant Professor: Whitehall 
Instructor: Hair, Holmes 



1 PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Coeducational physical education classes. Basic instructions in fundamen- 
tals, knowledge, and appreciation of sports that include swimming, tennis, 
bowling, volleyball, archery, field hockey, soccer, golf, badminton, 
modern dance, skiing, elementary games (for elementary teachers), 
toneastics, physical fitness, and other activities. Backpacking, cross-country 
and alpine skiing, jogging, and cycling are offered on a contract basis. 
Beginning swimming is required for all nonswimmers. Students may select 
any activity offered. A reasonable degree of proficiency is required in the 
activities. Emphasis is on the potential use of activities as recreational and 
leisure-time interests. Two semesters of physical education (two hours per 
week) are required. All physical education classes are open to men and 
women. 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Professor: Giglio 

Associate Professor: Roskin 

Assistant Professor: Grogan (Chairman) 

The major is designed to provide a systematic understanding of government 
and politics at the international, national, state, and local levels. Majors are en- 
couraged to develop their faculties to make independent, objective analyses 
which can be applied to the broad spectrum of the social sciences. 

Although the political science major is not designed as a vocational major, 
students with such training may go directly into government service, jour- 
nalism, teaching, or private administrative agencies. A political science major 
can provide the base for the study of law, or for graduate studies leading to ad- 
ministrative work in federal, state, or local governments, international 
organizations, or college teaching. Students seeking certification to teach 
secondary school social studies may major in political science but should consult 
their advisers and the education department. 



110 The Curriculum 



A major consists of eight political science courses. Political Science 15 is re- 
quired unless exempted by the department. Exemptions will be granted only if 
they strengthen the student's program. In addition, students must take at least 
one course in each of the five areas (A to E) below. To encourage familiarity 
with other social sciences, at least two courses must be completed from the 
following: American Studies 10; Business 35 and 36 (recommended for 
prelaw); Economics 10, 11, 32, 45; History 24, 32, 33, 34; Philosophy 21, 22; 
Sociology and Anthropology 26, 38. 

15 INTRODUCTION TO POLITICS 

The behavior and misbehavior of the political animal, man. Why he forms 
political communities; how he may improve and destroy them. Required 
of all political science majors; open to a limited number of other interested 
students. 



A. American Government 

10 GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS IN THE UNITED STATES 

An introduction to American national government which emphasizes both 
structural-functional analysis and policymaking processes. In addition to 
the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government, attention 
will be given to political parties and interest groups, elections and voting 
behavior, and constitutional rights. Recommended to all social science 
education majors and to those students who have had inadequate or insuf- 
ficient preparation in American government. 

11 STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT 

An examination of the general principles, major problems, and political 
processes of the states and their subdivisions, together with their role in a 
federal type of government. 

30 THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM 

An analysis of the Supreme Court in the American system of government 
with some attention paid to judicial decision making. Topics include: 
judicial review, federalism, constitutional limits on legislative and ex- 
ecutive powers, elections, and representation. Alternate years. 

31 CIVIL RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES 

What are our rights and liberties as Americans? What should they be? A 
frank discussion of the nature and scope of the constitutional guarantees. 
First Amendment rights, the rights of criminal suspects and defendants, 
racial and sexual equality, and equal protection of the laws. Students will 
read and brief the more important Supreme Court decisions. Prerequisite: 
junior or senior standing or consent of instructor. 



The Curriculum 111 



33 BUREAUCRACY AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 

What is bureaucracy? Why and how do bureaucracies arise? What has been 
the political impact of growth of bureaucracy in government? These ques- 
tions, among others, will be considered in this examination of public 
bureaucracies. This course is highly recommended to students planning to 
take an internship in city or county government through the political 
science department. 

B. American Politics 

22 POLITICAL PARTIES AND INTEREST GROUPS 

An examination of the history, organization, functions, and methods of 
American political parties. Special attention is devoted to the role of 
organized interest groups in the political process. Alternate years. 

23 AMERICAN PRESIDENCY 

A study of the office and powers of the president with analysis of his major 
roles as chief administrator, legislator, political leader, foreign policy 
maker, and commander-in-chief. Special attention is given to those presi- 
dents who led the nation boldly. 

24 THE LEGISLATIVE PROCESS 

A study of the role of the legislature in the framework of the national and 
state governments. Consideration of the influence of the parties, pressure 
groups, public opinion, constituencies, the "committee system," the "ad- 
minstration," and the constitution in the lawmaking process. Alternate 
years. 

28 CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN PUBLIC POLICY I 

An introduction to basic principles of policy analysis, including identifica- 
tion of contemporary public policy problems, alternative solutions, formal 
government and other participants in the policy-making process, and 
evaluation of policy impact. Includes a detailed case-study analysis of one 
major policy controversy. This is a one-half unit course (first seven weeks of 
semester). Students wishing to register in full unit course should register 
for both PS 28 and PS 29; those wishing to register for a one-half unit 
course only should register for PS 28. Alternate years. 

29 CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN PUBLIC POLICY II 

A continuation of PS 28 with an emphasis on the variety of major issues in 
public policy confronting American government and society. Includes a 
detailed case-study analysis of one major public policy controversy (will dif- 
fer from that analyzed in PS 28). This is a one-half unit course (second 
seven weeks of semester). Prerequisite: PS 28. Students wishing to register 
in a full- unit course should register for both PS 28 and PS 29. Alternate 
years. 



112 The Curriculum 



32 ' THE POLITICS OF CITIES AND SUBURBS 

An examination of the history, legal basis, power, forms, services, and pro- 
blems of the cities and their suburbs, with special reference to current ex- 
periments in the solution of the problems of metropolitan areas. 

C. Political Theory and Methodology 

35 LAW AND SOCIETY 

An examination into the nature, sources, functions, and limits of law as an 
instrument of political and social control. Included for discussion are legal 
problems pertaining to the family, crime, deviant behavior, poverty, and 
minority groups. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing or consent of in- 
structor. 

46 CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES 

The growth, development, and current status of liberalism, conservatism, 
nationalism, socialism, communism, and fascism. Alternate years. 

47 THE AMERICAN POLITICAL TRADITION 

An examination of the significant ideas which have shaped the American 
political tradition from their European origins to the present, with em- 
phasis on the influence of these ideas in the development of American 
democracy. Special attention will be paid to an analysis of contemporary 
ideological movements: Black power, new left, and radical feminism. 
Alternate years. 

48 PUBLIC OPINION AND POLLING 

A course dealing with the general topic and methodology of polling. Con- 
tent includes exploration of the processes by which people's political opi- 
nions are formed, the manipulation of public opinion through the uses of 
propaganda, and the American response to politics and political issues. 

D. Comparative Politics 

20 EUROPEAN POLITICS 

A study of the political systems of East and West Europe with emphasis on 
comparison and patterns of government. The course will review politics in 
Northern (Britain, West Germany, Sweden), Latin (France, Italy, Spain), 
and Eastern (Soviet Union, East Germany, Yugoslavia) Europe and at- 
tempt to find underlying similarities and differences. 

26 POLITICAL CULTURES 

An exploration of the "people" aspects of political life in several coun- 
tries. The way people interact with each other and with government, what 
they expect from the system, how they acquire their political attitudes and 
styles, and how these contribute to the type of government. Alternate 
years. 



The Curriculum 113 



38 POLITICS OF DEVELOPING AREAS 

The causes and possible cures for socio-political backwardness in Asia, 
Africa, and Latin America. Alternate yean. 

E. International Relations 

25 WORLD POLITICS 

Why is there war? An introduction to international relations with emphasis 
on the varieties of conflicts which may grow into war. 

27 CRISIS AREAS IN WORLD POLITICS 

The study of several current areas of international tension and conflict, in- 
cluding relations among the United States, Soviet Union, and China, plus 
the Middle East and whatever new danger spots arise over time. Alternate 
years. 

39 AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY 

The U.S. role in the world in geographic, strategic, historical, and 
ideological perspectives, plus an examination of the domestic forces shap- 
ing U.S. policy. Alternate years. 

F. Non-area Electives 

34 POLITICAL NEWSWRITING 

A workshop course in the reporting and rewriting of public affairs at the 
local, national, and international levels. There will be neither texts nor ex- 
aminations, but short written assignments will be due every class meeting. 
Prerequisite: English 23 or 24 or consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

G. Special Programs 

70-79 INTERNSHIPS (See Index) 

Students may receive academic credit for serving as interns in structured 
learnig situations with a wide variety of public and private agencies and 
organizations. Students have served as interns with the Public Defender's 
office, the Lycoming County Court Administrator, and the Williamsport 
city government. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Current studies relate to elections — local, state, and federal — while past 
studies have included Soviet and world politics. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 



114 The Curriculum 



PSYCHOLOGY 

Professor: Hancock 

Associate Professor: Berthold (Chairman) 

Assistant Professor: Ryan 

Part-time Instructor: Vestermark 

The major provides training in both theoretical and applied psychology. It is 
designed to meet the needs of students seeking careers in psychology or other 
natural or social sciences. It also meets the needs of students seeking a better 
understanding of human behavior as a means of furthering individual and 
career goals in other areas. Certain courses are particularly appropriate for ma- 
jors in other areas. Psychology majors and others are urged to discuss course 
selections in psychology with members of the department to help insure ap- 
propriate course selection. 

A major consists of Psychology 10, 31, 32, 36, and four other psychology 
courses. Statistics also is required. 

10 INTRODUCTORY PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the empirical study of human and other animal 
behavior. Areas considered may include: learning, personality, social, 
physiological, sensory, cognition, and developmental. 

12 GROUP PROCESSES AND INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION 

The introduction to the research and theory from social psychology related 
to small-group dynamics and interpersonal communication. Topics 
covered will include communication processes, interpretation of motiva- 
tion, conceptualization of individual personalities, problem solving and 
leadership. The first stage of the course will focus on research and theory; 
the second half will emphasize the development of skills and techniques 
where students become members of a self-analytic — practicing the skills 
and making a case study of the processes involved. May term only. 

15 INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY 

The application of the principles and methods of psychology to selected in- 
dustrial and organizational situations. Prerequisite: Psychology 10 or con- 
sent of instructor. 

16 ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the patterns of deviant behavior with emphasis on 
cause, function, and treatment. The various models for the conceptualiza- 
tion of abnormal behavior are critically examined. Prerequisite: Psychology 
10. 

17 DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

A study of the basic principles of early human growth and development. 
Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 



The Curriculum 115 



18 ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY 

The study areas will include theories of adolescence; current issues raised 
by as well as about the "generation of youth"; research findings bearing 
on theories and issues of growth beyond childhood, and self-exploration. 
Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

24 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An examination of behavior in social contexts, including motivation, 
perception, group processes and leadership, attitudes, and methods of 
research. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

31 LEARNING EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

Learning processes. The examination of the basic methods and principles 
of animal and human learning. Prerequisite: Psychology 10, Statistics. 

32 SENSORY EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 

The examination of psychophysical methodology and basic neurophyio- 
logical methods as they are applied to the understanding of sensory pro- 
cesses. Prerequisite: Psychology 10, Statistics. 

33 PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the physiological psychologist's method of approach to 
the understanding of behavior as well as the set of principles that relate the 
function and organization of the nervous system to the phenomena of 
behavior. The course emphasis is on the relationship between brain func- 
tion and the physiological bases of learning, perception, and motivation. 
Laboratory experience includes both behavioral testing and basic small- 
animal neurosurgical technique as well as histological methodology. Prere- 
quisite: Psychology 10 or consent of instructor. 

34 PRINCIPLES OF MEASUREMENT 

Psychometric methods and theory, including scale transformation, norms, 
standardization, validation procedures, and estimation of reliability. Pre- 
requisite: Psychology 10, Statistics. 

35 HISTORY AND SYSTEMS OF PSYCHOLOGY 

The growth of scientific psychology and the theories and systems that have 
accompanied its development. Prerequisite: four courses in psychology. 

36 PERSONALITY THEORY 

Theories of personality. A comparison of different theoretical views on the 
development and functioning of personality. Examined in detail are three 
general viewpoints of personality: psychoanalytic, stimulus-response 
(behavioristic), and phenomenological. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 1 

37 COGNITION 

An investigation of human mental processes along the two major dimen- 
sions of directed and undirected thougt. Topic areas include recognition, 



116 The Curriculum 



attention, conceptualization, problem-solving, fantasy, language, dream- 
ing, and creativity. Prerequisite: Psychology 10. 

38 EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY 

An introduction to the empirical study of the teaching-learning process. 
Areas consideed may include educational objectives, pupil and teacher 
characteristics, concept learning, problem solving and creativity, attitudes 
and values, motivation, retention and transfer, evaluation and measure- 
ment. Prerequisite: Psychology 10 or consent of instructor. 

39 BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION 

A detailed examination of the applied analysis of behavior. Focus will be 
on the application of experimental method to the individual clinical case. 
The course will cover targeting, behavior, base-rating, intervention 
strategies, and outcome evaluation. Learning- based modification tech- 
niques such as contingency management, counter-conditioning, extinc- 
tion, discrimination training, aversive conditioning, and negative practice 
will be examined Prerequisite: Psychology 10 or consent of instructor. 

41 PSYCHOLOGY OF WOMEN 

A review of contemporary theory and research on the psychology of 
women. Topics of discussion include the conflicts of women in today's 
society, psychological sex differences, achievement motivation, the 
behavioral effect of hormones, and women in therapy. Prerequisite: 
Psychology 10. 

48-49 PRACTICUM IN PSYCHOLOGY 

An off-campus involvement in the application of psychological skills and 
principles in institutional settings. The experience includes training in 
behavior modification and traditional counseling techniques as applied in 
prisons, mental health centers, and schools for the mentally retarded. 
Classroom training focuses on various therapeutic techniques and on 
students' understanding of themselves in the counselor role. Prerequisite: 
consent of instructor. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Internships give students an opportunity to relate on-campus academic ex- 
periences to society in general and to their post-baccalaureate objectives in 
particular. Students have, for example, worked in prisons, public and 
private schools, county government, and for the American Red Cross. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Independent Study is an opportunity for students to pursue special in- 
terests in areas for which courses are not offered. In addition, students have 
an opportunity to study a topic in more depth than is possible in the 
regular classroom situation. Studies in the past have included child abuse, 
counseling of hospital patients, and research in the psychology of natural 
disasters. 



The Curriculum 117 



90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 

Honors in psychology requires original contributions to the literature of 
psychology through independent study. The most recent honors project 
was a study of the relationship between socio-economic status and visual 
vs. auditory learning. 

RELIGION 

Professor: Guerra (Chairman) 
Associate Professor: Hughes 
Assistant Professor: Robinson 

A major consists of 10 courses, including Religion 13, 14, and 20. At least seven 
courses must be taken in the department. The following courses may be 
counted toward fulfilling the major requirements: Greek 11 and 12, Hebrew 11 
and 12, History 39 and 41, Philosophy 32, and Sociology 33. 

13 OLD TESTAMENT FAITH AND HISTORY 

A critical examination of the literature within its historical setting and in 
the light of archeological findings to show the faith and religious life of the 
Hebrew -Jewish community in the biblical period, and an introduction to 
the history of interpretation with an emphasis on contemporary Old Testa- 
ment criticism and theology. 

14 NEW TESTAMENT FAITH AND HISTORY 

A critical examination of the literature within its historical setting to show 
the faith and religious life of the Christian community in the biblical 
period, and an introduction to the history of interpretation with an em- 
phasis on contemporary New Testament criticism and theology. 

20 DEATH AND DYING 

A study of death from personal, social, and universal standpoints with em- 
phasis upon what the dying may teach the living. Principal issues are the 
stages of dying, bereavement, suicide, funeral conduct, and the religious 
doctrines of death and immortality. Course includes, as optional, practical 
projects with terminal patients under professional supervision. Only one 
course from the combination 20-21 may be used for distribution. 

21 AFTER DEATH AND DYING 

An examination of the question of life after death in terms of contem- 
porary clinical studies, the New Testament resurrection narratives, the 
Asian doctrine of reincarnation, and the classical theological beliefs of pro- 
vidence and predestination. Religion 20 is recommended but not required. 
Only one course from the combination 20-21 may be used for distribution. 

22 PROTESTANTISM IN THE MODERN WORLD 

An examination of changing Protestant thought and life from Luther to 



118 The Curriculum 



the present against the backdrop of a culture rapidly changing from the 
17th century scientific revolution to Marxism, Darwinism, and depth 
psychology. Special attention will be paid to the constant interaction be- 
tween Protestantism and the world in which it finds itself. 

23 CHRISTIAN ORIGINS 

A study of the historical, cultural, and religious background of the forma- 
tion of Christianity and the antecedents of Christian belief and practice in 
post-exilic Judaism and in Hellenism. 

24 JUDAISM AND ISLAM 

An examination of the rise, growth, and expansion of Judaism and Islam 
with special attention given to the theological contents of the literatures of 
these religions as far as they are normative in matters of faith, practice, and 
organization. Also, a review of their contributions to the spiritual heritage 
of mankind. 

25 ORIENTAL RELIGION 

A phenomenological study of the basic content of Hinduism, Buddhism, 
and Chinese Taoism with special attention to social and political relations, 
mythical and aesthetic forms, and the East- West dialogue. 

28 HISTORY AND CULTURE OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST 

A study of the history and culture of Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Syria-Pales- 
tine, and Egypt from the rise of the Sumerian culture to Alexander the 
Great. Careful attention will be given to the religious views prevalent in 
the ancient Near East as far as these views interacted with the culture and 
faith of Biblical man. 

30 PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION 

A study into the broad insights of psychology in relation to the phenomena 
of religion and religious behavior. The course concentrates on religious ex- 
perience or manifestations rather than concepts. Tentative solutions will be 
sought to questions such as: What does it feel like to be religious or to have 
a religious experience? What is the religious function in human develop- 
ment? How does one think psychologically about theological problems? 

31 CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ETHICS 

A study of Christian ethics as a normative perspective for contemporary 
moral problems with emphasis upon the interaction of law and religion, 
decision making in the field of biomedical practice, and the reconstruction 
of society in a planetary civilization. 

32 CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS IN CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ETHICS 

An examination of the approach of religion and other disciplines to an 
issue of current concern; current topics include the theological significance 
of law, the ethics of love, and the Holocaust. The course may be repeated 
for credit. 



The Curriculum 119 



33 ROMAN CATHOLIC THOUGHT 

The development of Thomism, Neo-Thomism, and Transcendental 
Thomism; limited attention given to pastoral and ecclesiological issues in 
the post-conciliar era after Vatican II. 

37 BIBLICAL TOPICS 

An in-depth study of Biblical topics related to the Old and New 
Testaments. Topics include prophecy, wisdom, literature, the Dead Sea 
Scrolls, the teachings of Jesus, Pauline theology, Judaism and Christian 
origins, redaction criticism — the way the Synoptic Gospels and John give 
final form to their message. Course will vary from year to year and may be 
taken for credit a second time if the topic is different from one previously 
studied. 

41 CONTEMPORARY RELIGIOUS ISSUES 

A study of the theological significance of some contemporary intellectual 
developments in western culture. The content of this course will vary from 
year to year. Subjects studied in recent years include the theological 
significance of Freud, Marx, and Nietzsche; Christianity and existen- 
tialism; theology and depth psychology, the religious dimension of con- 
temporary literature. 

42 THE NATURE AND MISSION OF THE CHURCH 

A study of the nature of the Church as "The People of God" with 
reference to the Biblical, Protestant, Orthodox, and Roman Catholic tradi- 
tions. 

43 THE EDUCATIONAL MINISTRY OF THE CHURCH 

A study of religious education as a function of the church with special at- 
tention given to the nature and objectives of Christian education, methods 
of teaching religion, and the relations between faith and learning. 

46 BIBLE, ARCHEOLOGY, AND FAITH 

A study of the role of archeology in reconstructing the world in which the 
Biblical literature originated with special attention given to archeological 
results that throw light on the clarification of the Biblical text. Also, an in- 
troduction to basic archeological method and a study in depth of several 
representative excavations along with the artifacts and material culture 
recovered from different historical periods. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns in religion usually work in local churches under the supervision of 
the pastor and a member of the faculty. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Current study areas are in the biblical languages, New Testament 
theology, comparative religions, and the ethics of technology. 



120 The Curriculum 



90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 

A recent project was on the theology of hope with reference to the thought 
of Ernst Bloch and Alfred North Whitehead. 



SOCIOLOGY-ANTHROPOLOGY 

Professor: McCrary 

Associate Professor: Wilk 

Assistant Professor: Jo (Chairmam), Strauser 

Part-time Instructor: Slotter 

A major consists of Sociology- Anthropology 10, 14, 16, 44, 47, and three other 
courses within the department with the exception of 15, 23, 25, and 40. 
Religion 46 may also be counted toward the major. Sociology-anthropology 
majors are encouraged to participate in the internship program. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY 

An introduction to the problems, concepts, and methods in sociology to- 
day, including analysis of stratification, organization of groups and institu- 
tions, social movements, and deviants in social structure. 

14 INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY 

An introduction to the subfields of anthropology; its subject matter, 
methodology, and goals. Examination of biological and cultural evolution, 
the fossil evidence for human evolution, and questions raised in relation to 
human evolution. Other topics include race, human nature, primate 
behavior, and prehistoric cultural development. 

15 INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM 

An introduction to the role of law enforcement, courts, and corrections in 
the administration of justice; the historical development of police, courts, 
and corrections; jurisdiction and procedures of courts; an introduction to 
the studies, literature, and research in criminal justice, careers in criminal 
justice. 

6 CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY 

An examination of cultural and social anthropology designed to familiarize 
the student with the analytical approaches to the diverse cultures of the 
world. The relevancy of cultural anthropology for an understanding of the 
human condition will be stressed. Topics to be covered include the nature 
of primitive societies in contrast to civilizations, the concept of culture and 
cultural relativism, the individual and culture, the social patterning of 
behavior and social control, an anthropological perspective on the culture 
of the United States. 

20 MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY 

The history, structure, and functions of modern American family life, em- 



The Curriculum 121 



phasizing dating, courtship, factors in marital adjustment, and the chang- 
ing status of family members. Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 10 or 
consent of instructor. 

21 JUVENILE DELINQUENCY 

A multidisciplinary approach to the study of the constellation of factors 
that relate to juvenile delinquency causation, handling the juvenile delin- 
quent in the criminal justice system, treatment strategies, prevention and 
community responsibility. Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 10 or 
consent of instructor. 

22 PEOPLES AND CULTURES OF MEXICO 

Examination of the diverse cultures of Mesoamerica from preconquest in- 
digenous peoples to modern Mexican state, including the rise and fall of 
Aztec and Maya civilization, transformation from primitive agriculturalist 
to peasant, concepts of folk society, and culture of poverty; an analysis of 
contemporary problems of rural Mexico, and the role of peasants in 
modern revolutionary movements. Offered at least once every three years. 

23 INTRODUCTION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT 

Principles, theories, and doctrines of the law of crimes, elements in crime, 
analysis of criminal investigation, important case law. Prerequisite: 
Sociology -Anthropology 15 or consent of instructor. 

24 RURAL AND URBAN COMMUNITIES 

The concept of community is treated as it operates and affects individual 
and group behavior in rural, suburban, and urban settings. Emphasis is 
placed upon characteristic institutions and problems of modern city life. 
Prerequisite: Sociology-Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

25 INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION 

This course is designed for advanced criminal justice majors. Emphasis is 
placed on an in-depth study of detection and investigation of major 
crimes. Particular attention is placed on the use of criminalistics, legal 
parameters of evidence and interrogation, and prosecutory procedures. 
Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 23 or consent of the instructor. Will 
not be counted toward the sociology /anthropology major. 

26 SOCIAL MOVEMENTS 

An analysis of the dynamics, structure, and reactions to social movements 
with focus on contemporary social movements. Prerequisite: Sociology - 
Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

27 SOCIALIZATION THROUGH THE LIFE SPAN 

Examination of the relationship between the individual and society in the 
development of behavior potentials of groups and cultures. The course will 
study the continual process of learning how to be "human," which occurs 



122 The Curriculum 



throughout the life span. A cross-cultural approach is utilized to examine 
the process of acquisition of skills, motives, and attitudes necessary for role 
performance in childhood and adolescence with an emphasis on young 
adulthood, adulthood, middle age, and old age. Life span developmental 
theory will be used in conjunction with socialization theory and role 
theory. Prerequisite: Sociology -Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

28 AGING AND SOCIETY 

Analysis of cross-cultural characteristics of the aged as individuals and as 
members of groups. Emphasis is placed upon variables: health, housing, 
socio-economic status, personal adjustment, retirement, and social par- 
ticipation. Sociological, social psychological, and anthropological frames of 
reference utilized in analysis and description of aging and its relationship 
to society, culture, and personality. 

29 20TH CENTURY CHINESE SOCIETY 

An analysis of the interaction between the individual and society undergo- 
ing rapid social change in the Chinese cultural context. Topics include 
Confucian examination system and social mobility, the traditional Chinese 
village and family, origins of Chinese Marxism and how it has been im- 
plemented in social institutions of The People's Republic of China. Alter- 
nate years. 

30 CRIMINOLOGY 

Analysis of the sociology of law, conditions under which criminal laws 
develop, etiology of crime, epidemiology of crime, including explanation 
of statistical distribution of criminal behavior in terms of time, space, and 
social location. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent of in- 
structor. 

31 SOCIOLOGY OF WOMEN 

A sociological examination of the role of women in American society 
through an analysis of the social institutions which affect their develop- 
ment. Role-analysis theory will be applied to the past, present, and future 
experience of women as it relates to the role options of society as a whole. 
Students will do an original research project on the role of women. Prereq- 
uisite: Sociology- Anthropology 10. Alternate years. 

32 INSTITUTIONS 

Introduces the student to the sociological concept of social institution, the 
types of social institutions to be found in all societies, and the interrela- 
tionships between the social institutions within a society. The course is 
divided into two basic parts: 1. That aspect which deals with the systematic 
organization of society in general, and 2. The concentration on a particular 
social institution: economic, political, educational, or social welfare. Pre- 
requisite: Sociology -Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 



The Curriculum 123 



33 SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION 

An examination of the major theories of the relationship of religion to 
society and a survey of sociological studies of religious behavior. Prereq- 
uisite: Sociology -Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

34 RACIAL AND CULTURAL MINORITIES 

Study of racial, cultural, and national groups within the framework of 
American cultural values. An analysis will include historical, cultural, and 
social factors underlying ethnic and racial conflict. Field trips and in- 
dividual reports are part of the requirements for the course. Prerequisite: 
Sociology -Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

35 CULTURE AND PERSONALITY 

Introduction to psychological anthropology, its theories and 
methodologies. Emphasis will be placed on the relationship between in- 
dividual and culture, national character, cognition and culture, culture 
and mental disorders, and cross-cultural considerations of the concept of 
self. Prerequisite: Sociology -Anthropology 16 or consent of instructor. Of- 
fered at least once every three years. 

36 THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF PRIMITIVE RELIGIONS 

The course will familiarize the student with the wealth of anthropological 
data on the religions and world views developed by primitive peoples. The 
functions of primitive religion in regard to the individual, society, and 
various cultural institutions will be examined. Subjects to be surveyed in- 
clude myth, witchcraft, vision quests, spirit possession, the cultural use of 
dreams, and revitalization movements. Particular emphasis will be given to 
shamanism, transcultural religious experience, and the creation of cultural 
realities through religions. Both a social scientific and existentialist 
perspective will be employed. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 16 or 
consent of instructor. Alternate years. 

37 THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF AMERICAN INDIANS 

An ethnographic survey of native North American Indian and Eskimo 
cultures, such as the Iroquois, Plains Indians, Pueblos, Kwakiutl, and Net- 
silik. Changes in native lifeways due to European contacts and United 
States expansion will be considered. Recent cultural developments among 
American Indians will be placed in an anthropological perspective. Of- 
fered at least once every three years. 

38 LEGAL AND POLITICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 

The course is designed to familiarize the student with the techniques of 
conflict resolution and the utilization of public power in primitive society 
as well as the various theories of primitive law and government. The rise of 
the state and an anthropological perspective on modern law and govern- 
ment will be included. The concepts of self- regulation and social control, 
legitimacy, coercion, and exploitation will be the organizing focus. Prere- 



124 The Curriculum 



quisite: Sociology -Anthropology 16 or consent of instructor. Alternate 
years. 

39 THE AMERICAN PRISON SYSTEM 

Nature and history of punishment, evolution of the prison and prison 
methods with emphasis on prison community, prison architecture, institu- 
tional programs, inmate rights, and sentences. Review of punishment vs. 
treatment, detention facilities, jails, reformatories, prison organization 
and administration, custody, and discipline. Prerequisite: Sociology - 
Anthropology 15. 

40 PROBATION AND PAROLE 

A course designed for the advanced criminal justice major. While the 
course concerns the study of probation and parole as parts of the criminal 
justice system and their impact on the system as a whole, the primary em- 
phasis is the impact on the offender. Particular attention is given to 
diagnostic report writing on offenders, pre-sentence investigation, of- 
fender classification, and parole planning. Prerequisite: Sociology - 
Anthropology 15 and 39- Alternate years. 

41 SOCIAL STRATIFICATION 

An analysis of stratification systems with specific reference to American 
society. The course will include an analysis of poverty, wealth, and power 
in the United States. Particular attention will be given to factors which 
generate and maintain inequality, along with the impacts of inequality on 
the lives of Americans. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent 
of instructor. 



42 INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL WORK 

Consideration of basic social- work concepts, principles and techniques of 
interviewing, individual case work, group work and community organiza- 
tion, development of skills, and techniques of social work applied to the 
correctional setting. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 10 or consent of 
instructor. 

43 ALTERNATIVE LIFE STYLES 

Analysis of new life styles in American society: life styles of minority 
groups and others who are considered by society to be nonconforming. Ex- 
amination of the challenges to conformity and ramifications of nonconfor- 
mity in American society. Will include an inquiry into behavior which has 
historically been labeled deviant, covering such topics as mental illness, ad- 
ddiction to alcohol and narcotics, homosexuality, and prostitution. Prere- 
quisite: Sociology -Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

AA SOCIAL THEORY 

The history of the development of sociological thought from its earliest 



The Curriculum 125 



philosophical beginnings is treated through discussions and reports. Em- 
phasis is placed upon sociological thought since the time of Comte. Prere- 
quisite: Sociology- Anthropoloy 10 or consent of instructor. 

45 ANTHROPOLOGICAL THEORY 

The history of the development of anthropological thought from the 18th 
century to the present. Emphasis is placed upon anthropological thought 
since 1850. Topics include evolutionism, historical-particularism, cultural 
idealism, cultural materialism, functionalism, structuralism, and 
ethnoscence. Prerequisite: Sociology- Anthropology 16 or consent of in- 
structor. Offered at least once every three years. 

46 PEOPLE AND CULTURES OF THE AMERICAN SOUTHWEST 

Field experience in the analysis of tri-cultural communities of Northern 
New Mexico, Southern Colorado, and Northeastern Arizona, including 
the Eastern Pueblos of New Mexico, Zuni Navajo and Apache reservations, 
isolated Spanish- American mountain villages of Northern New Mexico, 
religious ashrams and communes, and cities of the Southwest and Juarez, 
Mexico. Emphasis upon Taos, Rio Arriba, Santa Fe, and Los Alamos coun- 
ties of New Mexico. Prerequisite: Sociology 10 or consent of instructor. 
May or summer only. 

47 RESEARCH METHODS IN SOCIOLOGY-ANTHROPOLOGY 

Study of the research process in sociology-anthropology. Attention is given 
to the process of designing and administerting research and the application 
of research. Different methodological skills are considered, including field 
work, questionnaire construction, and other methods of data gathering 
and the analysis of data. Prerequisite: Sociology -Anthropology 10 and 
Mathematics 13 or consent of instructor. 



48-49 PRACTICUM IN SOCIOLOGY 

Introduces the student to a practical work experience involving community 
agencies in order to effect a synthesis of the student's academic course work 
and its practical applications in a community agency. Specifics of the 
course to be worked out in conjunction with department, student, and 
agency. Prerequisite: Sociology -Anthropology 10 or consent of instructor. 

70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns in sociology-anthropology typically work off campus with social ser- 
vice agencies under the supervision of administrators. However, other in- 
ternship experiences, such as with the Lycoming County Historical 
Museum, are available. 

Interns in criminal justice work off campus in criminal justice agencies, such 
as penal institutions and probation and parole departments, under the 
supervision of administrative personnel. 



126 The Curriculum 



80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

An opportunity to pursue specific interests and topics not usually covered 
in regular courses. Through a program of readings and tutorials, the stu- 
dent will have the opportunity to pursue these interests and topics in 
greater depth than is usually possible in a regular course. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 

THEATRE 

Professor: Falk 

Assistant Professor: Carlson 

The major consists of eight courses, expect Theatre 1, with a concentration in 
acting, directing, or design. The fine arts requirement may be satisfied by selec- 
ting any two courses, except Theatre 1. In addition to the departmental re- 
quirements, majors are urged to include courses in art, music, psychology, and 
English. 

I FUNDAMENTALS OF ORAL COMMUNICATION 

The dynamics of oral communication. The development of elementary 
principles of simple oral communication through lectures, prepared 
assignments in speaking, and informal class exercises. Utilizes video tape 
sequences for "instant feedback" to students. 

10 INTRODUCTION TO THEATRE 

Designed as a comprehensive introduction to the aesthetics of theatre. 
From the spectator's point of view, the nature of theatre will be explored, 
including dramatic literature and the integrated functioning of acting, 
directing, and all production aspects. 

II INTRODUCTION TO FILM 

A basic course in understanding the film medium. The class will in- 
vestigate film technique through lectures and by viewing regular weekly 
films chosen from classic, contemporary, and experimental short films. 

12 HISTORY OF THEATRE I 

A detailed study of the development of theatre from the Greeks to the 
Restoration. Alternate years. 

13 HISTORY OF THEATRE II 

The history of the theatre from 1660. Alternate years. 

14 ORAL INTERPRETATION OF LITERATURE 

The fundamental principles and methods of oral reading and the inter- 
pretation of literature are introduced. Materials will be chosen from 



The Curriculum 127 



poetry, prose, the novel, and drama. Alternate years. 

15 PLAYWRITING AND DRAMATIC CRITICISM 

An investigation of the techniques of playwriting with an emphasis on 
creative writing, culminating in a written one-act play, plus an historical 
survey of dramatic criticism from Aristotle to the present with emphasis 
upon developing the student's ability to write reviews and criticism of 
theatrical productions and films. Alternate years. 

18 PLAY PRODUCTION FOR COMMUNITY AND SECONDARY 
SCHOOL 

Stagecraft and the various other aspects of play production are introduced. 
Through material presented in the course and laboratory work on the 
Arena Theatre stage, the student will acquire experience to produce 
theatrical scenery for community and secondary-school theatre. 

24 INTRODUCTION TO ACTING 

An introductory study of the actor's preparation with emphasis on 
developing the actor's creative imagination through improvisations and 
scene study. 

26 INTRODUCTION TO DIRECTING 

An introductory study of the function of the director in preparation, 
rehearsal, and performance. Emphasis is placed on developing the 
student's ability to analyze scripts, and on the development of the 
student's imagination. 

28 INTRODUCTION TO SCENE DESIGN AND STAGECRAFT 

An introduction to the theatre with an emphasis on stagecraft. Productions 
each semester serve as the laboratory to provide the practical experience 
necessary to understand the material presented in the classroom. 

29 MARIONETTE PRODUCTION 

Introduces the construction, costuming, and performing of a play through 
the medium of string puppets. Alternate years. 

31 ADVANCED TECHNIQUES OF PLAY PRODUCTION 

A detailed consideration of the interrelated problems and techniques of 
play analysis, production styles, and design. Offered summer only. 

34 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: ACTING 

Instruction and practice in character analysis and projection with emphasis 
on vocal and body techniques. 

35 THEORIES OF THE MODERN THEATRE 

An advanced course exploring the philosophical roots of the modern 



128 The Curriculum 



theatre from the birth of realism to the present and the influences on 
modern theatre practice. Selected readings from Nietzsche, Marx, Jung, 
Freud, Whitehead, Kierkegaard, Sartre, Camus, Antoine, Copeau, 
Stanislavski, Shaw, Meyerhold, Artaud, Brecht, Brook, Grotowski. Alter- 
nate years. 

36 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: DIRECTING 

Emphasis is placed on the student's ability to function in preparation and 
rehearsal. Practical experience involves the directing of two one-act plays 
from the contemporary theatre. 

38 INTERMEDIATE STUDIO: SCENE AND LIGHTING DESIGN 

The theory of stage and lighting design with emphasis on their practical 
application to the theatre. 

40 MASTERS OF WORLD DRAMA 

An intensive and detailed analysis of the plays and related works, in- 
cluding criticism of great authors, that have shaped world theatre. Authors 
to be selected on the basis of interest of students and faculty. At times, 
more than one author will be treated in a term. Ibsen, Brecht, Moliere, 
Williams, Albee. Alternate years. May be accepted toward English major 
with consent of English department. 

42 ADVANCED STUDIO: COSTUME DESIGN 

The theory of costuming for the stage, elements of design, planning, pro- 
duction, and construction of costumes for the theatre. Students will par- 
ticipate in the design of a production. 

43 ADVANCED STUDIO: PROPERTIES DESIGN 

The theory of properties design for the stage, including the production of 
specific properties for staging use. Elements of design, fabrication, and the 
construction of properties employing a variety of materials and the applica- 
tion of new theatrical technology. 

44 ADVANCED STUDIO: ACTING 

Preparation of monologues and two-character scenes, contemporary and 
classical. The student will appear in major campus productions. 

46 ADVANCED STUDIO: DIRECTING 

Emphasis will be placed on the student's ability to produce a major three- 
act play from the script to the stage for public performance. 

48 ADVANCED STUDIO: DESIGN 

Independent work in conceptual and practical design. The student will 
design one full production as his major project. 



The Curriculum 129 



70-79 INTERNSHIP (See Index) 

Interns in theatre work off campus in theatres such as the Guthrie Theatre, 
Minneapolis, and at the New Jersey Shakespeare Festival. 

80-89 INDEPENDENT STUDY (See Index) 

Some recent independent studies have been the roles of women as 
characters in drama, scene design and lighting design for an Arena produc- 
tion. 

90-99 INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See 
Index) 

A typical study could be the writing and production of an original play. 





4 




Student Services 



ADMINISTRATION 



The program of student services at Lycoming is administered by the Of- 
fice of Student Services. It is designed to respond to a diversity of stu- 
dent needs. The four staff members, three of whom live on campus, are 
assigned the specific responsibilites of: 
— career counseling and placement; 
— residence life; 

— student activities, student union, student government, In- 
trafraternity Council and Panhellenic Adviser, retention program; 
— religious life, health services, study skills program, reading im- 
provement courses. 

All members of the staff are available to counsel and advise in- 
dividual students. 

PERSONAL COUNSELING 

All members of the staff of the Office of Student Services are qualified 
and available to provide non-therapeutic assistance to students with ad- 
justment problems. A psychiatrist serves as a consultant to the staff and 
is available for evaluation of individual students who may be in need of 
professional services. Continuing therapy is available through referral to 
public agencies and private clinicians in the Williamsport community. 
Financial arrangements for these referral services are made directly by 
the student with the agency and /or individual clinician involved. 

HEALTH SERVICES 

Normal medical treatment by the health service staff at the college is 
provided without cost to the student. During the fall and spring 
semesters, the college maintains an out-patient service in Rich Hall. It is 
staffed with a registered nurse five days a week from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 
p.m. The college physician is available from 11:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon, 
Monday through Friday. At other times, emergency care is available at 
the emergency rooms of Williamsport and Divine Providence Hospitals, 
located a short distance from the campus. The college pays the emergen- 
cy room charge and the emergency room physician's fee for illness when 
the health service is closed. 

Medical-service charges paid by the student are: emergency room 
and emergency room physician's charges (except as indicated above), 
special medications, X-rays, surgery, care for major accidents, im- 
munizations, examinations for glasses, physician's visits other than in 
the health service, referrals for treatment by specialists, special nursing 
services, and special services. 



132 Student Services 



Entering students must provide basic health information to the col- 
lege between the time of admission and the beginning of classes of the 
term to which they are admitted. This information is secured through 
college participation in the computerized health -information service 
provided by Medical Datamation, Inc. New students complete the 
DASH Medical Information Questionnaire that is mailed to students 
shortly after they have confirmed their admission to Lycoming. The 
completed form is sent by the student to Medical Datamation together 
with a check for $10. Both the student and the college receive reports 
based on the questionnaire responses. The student report consists of a 
Medical Database Report, a Health Risk Index, and as many health in- 
formation brochures as requested. Information provided by the student 
is confidential and is available only to qualified health service and 
student-services personnel. 

STUDY IMPROVEMENT SERVICES 

Skills Seminars — The seminars, consisting of three one-hour sessions 
on scheduling of time, test-taking, and study methods, are scheduled 
on demand for six to 10 students. 

Reading Course — Designed to improve reading speed and com- 
prehension, this three-week course is offered at various times during the 
academic year for a fee of $ 1 5 . 

CAREER DEVELOPMENT SERVICES 

The Career Development Center provides services which are designed to 
help students identify their abilities and interest, set realistic career 
goals, and plan academic programs to meet these goals. Counseling for 
Lycoming students begins in the freshman year. 

In addition to individual guidance, the center maintains a library on 
specific careers, employment outlooks, and career trends. Services of- 
fered by the center include: 

— individual counseling; 

— career-planning seminars in values clarification, skill assessment, 
and decision making; 

— 2 5 00- volume career library; 

— relaxation workshops and assertiveness training; 

— SHARE (Students Having A Real Experience), a program in 
which students observe and work with a professional in the field; 

— placement services to aid seniors in implementing their career 
plans; 

— assistance to students in securing internships, summer employ- 
ment, and part-time employment; 

— speaker's program which brings professionals from a variety of 
careers to campus seminars; 



Student Services 133 



— video-cassette programs relating to job skills and career informa- 
tion; 

— microfiche copies of graduate- and professional -school catalogs 
for the United States and abroad. 

RESIDENCE AND RESIDENCE HALLS 

Students who are single and do not live at home are required to live in 
residence halls and eat in the dining room. All new resident students are 
forwarded a room-agreement form to sign after confirmation of their ad- 
mission to Lycoming. This agreement is renewed each spring. Exceptions 
to the residence policy may be granted to those students who wish to live 
with relatives, and students who are 23 years of age or older and have 
established non-resident status. Requests for such exemptions must be 
submitted to the Assistant Dean of Student Services for Residence Life 
before the first day of the term to which the student has been admitted, 
student has been admitted. 

Resident students assume responsibility for their rooms and fur- 
nishings. The college reserves the right to enter and inspect any room for 
reasons of damage, health, or safety, and to search any room when there 
is reason to believe a violation of college rules or the law is occurring or 
has occurred. Charges are assessed for damage to rooms, doors, fur- 
niture, and common areas. Wherever possible, damage to dormitory 
property will be charged to the person or persons directly responsible. 
Damage and breakage occurring in a room will be the responsibility of 
students occupying the room. Hall and bathroom damages will be the 
responsibility of all students of the section where damage occurs. Actual 
costs of repairs will be charged. 

Residence halls are not available for occupancy during the vacation 
periods. Quiet hours for study purposes, which are established by 
residence hall councils or the Office of Student Services, are published in 
the student handbook and posted on bulletin boards. 

Room visitation by members of the opposite sex is permitted in the 
halls under conditions established by the college in cooperation with the 
various residence hall councils, which share responsibility for developing 
and monitoring regulations, and which are organized each fall semester 
before visitation schedules are established. 

STANDARDS OF CONDUCT 

Lycoming students are expected to accept responsibilities required of 
adults. The rights of every member of the college community are pro- 
tected by established regulations. Although the acceptance of the col- 
lege's standards of behavior is an individual responsibility, it also calls 
for group responsibility. Students should influence their peers to con- 



134 Student Services 



duct themselves responsibly for the collective good. 

Students who are unable to demonstrate that they have accepted 
these responsibilities or who fail to abide by established policies may be 
dismissed at any time or denied readmission for a subsequent term or 
semester. Further, after the conclusion of any term or semester, the col- 
lege may deny a student the privilege of attending any subsequent term 
or semester when the administration deems this to be in the best interest 
of the college. 

Lycoming College does not approve of the use or misuse of alcoholic 
beverages and encourages students to abstain from their use and to 
abide by the legal restrictions on alcohol use established by the Com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania. Observance of the law is the individual 
responsibility of each student, and failure to obey the law may subject 
the student to prosecution by civil authorities, either on or off campus. 

Students also are expected to be aware of the college's attitude 
toward the use and misuse of alcohol and to acknowledge the college's 
right to its position. The college will not tolerate any public use of 
alcohol. Officials of the college will prescribe penalties for the public or 
private misuse of alcohol. These penalties will be applied in a consistent 
manner. 

The college recognizes its responsibility, however, for providing 
students with reliable information about the social and medical implica- 
tions of the use of alcohol. Lycoming makes every effort to create and 
maintain a community in which individual choice is coupled with 
responsible behavior and respect for the rights of others. 

Upon enrolling, students are given a handbook which contains the 
college's official policies, rules, and regulations. These policies, rules, 
and regulations are part of the contractual agreement students enter into 
when they register at Lycoming. 



RELIGIOUS LIFE 

Opportunities for spiritual growth are provided through voluntary par- 
ticipation in the religious life of the college and the community. The 
religious-life program is intended to encourage students to sustain their 
own religious commitments. 

Two chaplains, one Protestant and one Roman Catholic, live on 
campus. They conduct regular worship services in the college chapels 
and several ecumenical services during the special seasons of the church 
year, including Christmas, Easter, and Passover. The chaplains provide 
counseling and minister to the college community's spiritual needs. 

In addition, a United Campus Ministry involving local clergy, 
students, and cooperating churches in the community provides other 
worship and service opportunities, study, and religious activities. 



Student Services 133 



The United Campus Ministry Center is located on the basement 
level of Clarke Building. It contains the St. John Neumann Chapel, a 
social and meeting area, chapel offices, sacristry, and lounge. 



ORIENTATION OF NEW STUDENTS 

The purpose of the orientation program is to insure that new students 
begin their Lycoming experience under the most favorable circumstances 
and to provide opportunities for new students and their parents to 
become more fully informed about the college. Sessions of two-and-one- 
half days each are organized each summer. Attendance by all new 
students and at least one parent is required. During the orientation pro- 
gram, parents and students participate in the following activities: 

— briefing sessions on the academic and co-curricular programs; 

— academic advisement and registration for fall semester classes; 

— placement testing in swimming, mathematics, and English; 

— purchase of textbooks. 

Orientation information is mailed to students after they have con- 
firmed their admission to Lycoming. 

STUDENT ACTIVITIES 

A full and varied program of cultural, professional, athletic, and social 
activities is available at Lycoming for students who wish to grow per- 
sonally as well as intellectually. 

Student government provides students with an opportunity to influence 
their activities and social life. A student judiciary has jurisdiction over many 
areas of student behavior. 

Students interested in communications can serve on the staffs of the campus 
newspaper, yearbook, radio station, or literary magazine. For students with 
other interests, there are numerous clubs, honor societies, social fraternities and 
sororities, and a national service fraternity. 

Musicians can play in the band or sing in the choir. Thespians can par- 
ticipate in four major plays each year. 

An extensive program of intercollegiate and intramural athletics operates 
year-round. It includes men's intercollegiate teams in football, soccer, basket- 
ball, wrestling, tennis, and track and field; women's intercollegiate teams in 
basketball, field hockey, and tennis and a club team in track and field, and a 
coed swimming team. 

The community offers a variety of shops, stores, restaurants, and recrea- 
tional sites. The hills surrounding the campus are crisscrossed with hiking and 
cross-country ski trails, dotted with camping and picnic sites, and lined with 
rivers and creeks. 

Information about activities is printed in the GuidepostzrA other college 
publications and is available through the Office of Student Services. 



V 




NJI 



i 



a ■■•-■■ m 



Admission to Lycoming 

POLICY AND STANDARDS 

Lycoming College welcomes applications from prospective students 
regardless of age, sex, race, religion, financial resources, color, national 
or ethnic origin, or handicap. Admission is based on the following stan- 
dards: 

— graduation from an accredited secondary school; 

— completion of a college preparatory program that includes 
English and mathematics plus units in foreign language, natural 
science and social science; 

— satisfactory College Entrance Examination Board Scholastic Ap- 
titude Test (SAT) or American College Test (ACT) scores. 

A secondary-school student of exceptional maturity and with signifi- 
cant academic preparation may apply to Lycoming as a candidate for ear- 
ly admission. If admitted, the student enters the college after com- 
pleting the junior year in school. Special students who are not enrolled 
in a degree program and who wish to enroll in one or more courses in 
any semester are welcome to apply. 

Lycoming is fully approved for the educational program for veterans 
under Federal Public Laws 550, 634, 894. 

APPLICATION AND SELECTION PROCESS 

For students considering a fall semester admission, applications should 
be filed by April 1. The application should be accompanied by a $15 ap- 
plication fee, an official secondary school transcript forwarded by the 
school guidance office, and the results of either the Scholastic Aptitude 
Test (SAT) or the American College Test (ACT). Applications are con- 
sidered after April 1 on a space-available basis. 

The completed application is evaluated individually by identifying 
each applicant's academic achievements, talents, qualities, and in- 
terests. Lycoming notifies applicants of their acceptance as soon as possi- 
ble after all credentials have been received and evaluated. In some in- 
stances, additional information may be needed to complete the evalua- 
tion. 

Admitted applicants must notify the college of their intent to enroll 
by May 1, the national candidates' reply date. This notification must be 
accompanied by a $100 advance deposit which is applied to the first- 
term tuition. After May 1, the $100 deposit is not refundable. 



138 Admission to Lycoming 



ADVANCED STANDING BY TRANSFER 

The college welcomes transfer students from other accredited colleges 
and universities according to the following standards and procedures: 

— applicants must be in good academic standing with a minimum 
cumulative grade point average of 2.0 at their current or previous 
college; 

— all courses passed that are comparable to the curriculum at 
Lycoming will be accepted for transfer; 

— the grades earned in all transferable courses are included in the 
computation of the cumulative grade point average; 

— academic standing at Lycoming will be based on an evaluation of 
all courses attempted at all other institutions; 

— the final eight courses for the bachelor of arts degree must be 
taken at Lycoming; 

— official copies of transcripts from all institutions attended must 
be submitted as a part of the admission application. 

ADMISSIONS OFFICE LOCATION AND HOURS 

Prospective students and their families are invited to campus for a 
student-conducted tour and a meeting with an admissions officer, who 
will provide additional information about the college and answer any 
questions. 

The admissions office is located on the first floor of Long Hall. For an 
appointment, telephone (717) 326-1951, ext. 221, or write Office of 
Admissions, Lycoming College, Williamsport, PA 17701. Office hours 
are: 

Weekdays — September through April 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. 

— May through August 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. 

Saturdays — September through April 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon 

— May through August No Saturday Hours. 



Expenses and Financial Aid 

EXPENSES FOR THE ACADEMIC YEAR 1981-82 

The following expenses are effective for the regular fall and spring 
semesters. The college reserves the right to adjust fees at any time. The 
fees for each semester are payable not later than the second day of classes 
for the semester. 

Fees Per Semester Per Year 

Comprehensive Fee $2,140 $4,280 

Board and Room Rent 995 1,990 

Total $3,135 $6,270 

One-Time Student Fees 

Application Fee $ 15 

Admissions Deposit 100 

Contingency Deposit 50 

Part-Time Student Fees 

Application Fee $ 15 

Each Unit Course 535 

Additional Charges 

Applied Music Fee (half-hour per week per semester) 90 

Cap and Gown Rental prevailing cost 

Laboratory Fee per Unit Course 5 to 50 

Registation Fee 25 

Parking Permit (for the academic year) 10 to 15 

Parking Permit with Reserved Space (for the academic year) 50 

Practice Teaching Fee (Payable in Junior Year) 140 

R.O.T.C. Basic Course Deposit 

(Payable at Bucknell University) 60 

R.O.T.C. Advanced Course Deposit 

(Payable at Bucknell University) 60 

Transcript Fee (No charge to full-time students) 3 

Medical Questionnaire Fee 

(Payable to Medical Datamation, Inc.) 10 

The comprehensive fee covers the regular course load of three to four 
courses each semester. Resident students must board at the college 
unless, for extraordinary reasons, authorization is extended for other 
eating arrangements. If a double room is used as a single room, there is 
an additional charge of $135 per semester. The estimated cost for books 
and supplies is up to $200 per year, depending on the course of study. 
Special session (May term and summer term) charges for tuition, room, 
and board are established during the fall semester. 



140 Expenses and Financial Aid 



ENTRY FEES AND DEPOSITS 

Application Fee — All students applying for admission must submit 
a $15 application fee. This charge defrays the cost of processing the ap- 
plication and is non-refundable. 

Admissions Deposit — After students have been notified of their 
admission to the college, they are required to make a $100 admissions 
deposit to confirm their intention to matriculate. The deposit is applied 
to the general charges for the first semester of attendance. After May 1, 
the deposit is non-refundable. 

Contingency Deposit — A contingency deposit of $50 is required of 
all full-time students as a guarantee for payment of damage to or loss of 
college property, for library and parking fines, or similar penalties im- 
posed by the college. The deposit is collected along with other charges 
for the initial semester. The balance of this deposit is refunded after all 
debts to the college have been paid, either upon graduation or upon 
written request submitted to the Registrar two weeks prior to voluntary 
permanent termination of enrollment at Lycoming College. 

PARTIAL PAYMENTS 

For the convenience of those who find it impossible to follow the regular 
schedule of payments, arrangements may be made with the college 
Business Manager for the monthly payment of college fees through 
various educational plans. Additional information concerning partial 
payments may be obtained from the Business Manager or Diretor of Ad- 
missions. 

REFUNDS FOR STUDENTS WHO WITFIDRAW 

Refunds of tuition and board are made to students who voluntarily and 
officially withdraw from the college while in good standing according to 
the following schedule for the fall and spring semesters and the com- 
parable period for the May and summer terms: 

Period of Withdrawal 
During the first week of the semester 
During second and third week 
During the fourth and fifth week 
During the sixth and seventh week 
After seven weeks 

The date on which the Dean of the College approves the student's 
withdrawal form is considered the official date of withdrawal. Charges 
are levied for services provided after withdrawal. 

Lycoming scholarships and grants are applied during the fall and 
spring semesters on the same basis as the tuition charges. If a withdraw- 



Refund % 


Charge % 


80 


20 


60 


40 


40 


60 


20 


80 





100 



Expenses and Financial Aid 141 



ing student is charged 60% tuition, he/she will receive 60% of the 
scholarship or grant. Government financial aid is adjusted according to 
federal and state guidelines. 

Room charges, which are established on a semester basis, and special 
charges, such as laboratory fees, are not refundable if a student leaves 
the college prior to the end of the semester. 

Full-time students who after reducing their loads continue to be 
enrolled for 12 or more semester hours are not eligible for a refund of 
tuition for an individual course. Similarly, students who register for ex- 
tra hours in excess of 16 hours per semester and who later reduce their 
loads are not eligible after the fifth day of the semester for a refund of 
the fee charged for overloads. Charges will be recalculated for students 
who enroll full time and subsequently assume part-time status by reduc- 
ing their loads below 12 hours during the drop-add period. The assump- 
tion of part-time status normally involves a substantial reduction of 
financial aid since most financial aid programs do not extend eligibility 
to part-time students. 

NON-PAYMENT OF FEES PENALTY 

Students will not be registered for courses in a new semester if their ac- 
counts for previous attendance have not been settled. Diplomas, 
transcripts, and certifications of withdrawals in good standing are issued 
only when a satisfactory settlement of all financial obligations has been 
made in the Business Office. 

FINANCIAL AID POLICY AND PROCEDURES 

The dominant factor in determining the amount of financial aid award- 
ed to individual students is the establishment of need. Scholarships may 
be awarded on the basis of financial need and academic ability, while 
grants are provided on the basis of financial need. Long-term, low-cost 
educational loans are available from federal and state sources to most 
students who can demonstrate need. Part-time employment is available 
to students. 

To apply for financial assistance, obtain the Financial Aid Form 
(F.A.F.) from the secondary-school guidance office or the Office of 
Financial Aid at Lycoming. Submit the completed form to the College 
Scholarship Service, P.O. Box 2700, Princeton, NJ 08541, as early as 
possible after January 1. Renewal applications are required annually. 

Scholarships — Freshman Recognition Scholarships of $700 to $1,000 
each are awarded to applicants who have superior academic qualifica- 
tions but do not demonstrate any financial need. These scholarships are 
renewable each year if the student maintains a minimum 3.25 
cumulative grade point average. Other scholarships, ranging from $400 



142 Expenses and Financial Aid 



to full tuition, are awarded to freshman who rank in the top fifth of 
their secondary-school class and have a combined score of more than 
1100 on the College Entrance Examination Board Scholastic Aptitude 
Test (SAT). These scholarships are renewable each year if the student 
maintains a minimum 3.00 cumulative grade point average. 

Grants-In-Aid — Lycoming has established an extensive program of 
grants-in-aid for worthy students who do not qualify for scholarships. 
Awards are based on demonstrated need and the prospect of the student 
contributing positively to the college community. Renewal requires con- 
tinued financial need, maintenance of satisfactory academic and citizen- 
ship standards, and participation in college activities. 

Ministerial Grants-In-Aid — Children of ministers of the Central 
Pennsylvania Annual Conference of The United Methodist Church 
receive grants equal to one-third of the charges for tuition, while 
children of ministers of other Annual Conferences of The United 
Methodist Church and of other denominations receive grants equal to 
one-fourth of the charges for tuition. Students who will be entering the 
ministry may apply for a preministerial student grant equal to one- 
fourth tuition. Applicants must complete and submit the Financial Aid 
Form (F.A. F.), and pre-ministerial students must also submit the Ap- 
plication for Pre-Ministerial Grant. If an applicant demonstrates more 
need for financial assistance than a ministerial grant-in-aid provides, ad- 
ditional types of aid will be considered. These grants-in-aid are part of a 
total financial assistance award to meet demonstrated need and are not 
given in addition to awards designed to meet established needs. 

Pell Grant formerly Federal Basic Educational Opportunity Grant 
(BEOG) — These grants, established through the Educational Amend- 
ments of 1976, provide up to $1 ,750 per year for full-time students who 
can demonstrate financial need. Application can be made when submit- 
ting the Financial Aid Form (F.A.F.), the PHEAA State Grant Applica- 
tion, or by separate federal application on forms which are available in 
secondary-school guidance offices and the Office of Student Financial 
Aid at Lycoming. All students are urged to apply for this program. 

Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants 
(SEOG) — This federal government program provides additional 
assistance to those students with financial need. Awards are made in 
amounts ranging from $200 to $2,000 and are usually based entirely on 
exceptional financial need. Renewal is possible if the applicant has no 
reduction in financial need in succeeding years. 

Federal National Direct Student Loans (NDSL) — Federal govern- 
ment loan funds are available through the National Defense Educa- 
tional Act of 1958. Four percent interest loans of up to $1,500 per year 
are granted on the basis of demonstrated need. Repayment does not 
begin until after graduation or withdrawal from college. Loans are nor- 
mally renewed annually if the applicant files a renewal application by 



Expenses and Financial Aid 143 



May 1. 

Federal College Work-Study Grants (CWSP)— An opportunity is 
provided through this program for students to earn part of their college 
expenses and to gain some practical experience by working on campus. 
Federal government financial-need guidelines must be met to be eligi- 
ble for this program. Students who do not meet these guidelines should 
consult with the Career Development Center or Office of Student 
Financial Aid for other employment opportunities. 

Other Sources of Financial Assistance — 

State Grants. All applicants for financial aid are urged to investigate 
programs sponsored by their home states and to learn about and heed 
application deadlines. Pennsylvania applicants should apply for state aid 
during their senior year in high school, usually before April 30. For ad- 
ditional information, applicants should contact their secondary-school 
guidance counselor or write: Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance 
Agency (PHEAA), Towne House, Harrisburg, PA 17102. New Jersey 
applicants should use the New Jersey version of the CSS Financial Aid 
Form to apply for their state Tuition Aid Grant. 

State Guaranteed Loans. Most states, including Pennsylvania, New 
Jersey, and New York, provide state-guaranteed loans through local 
banks and lending institutions. This program provides 7-9% interest 
loans of up to $2,500 per year for dependent students and $3,000 per 
year for independent students for educational expenses with repayment 
extended over a long-term schedule. Applicants should consult local 
banks early in their senior year. 

Parents Loans. Beginning in the 1981-82 academic year, a depen- 
dent student's parent may be able to borrow money from lenders par- 
ticipating in the Federal Parents Loan for Undergraduate Students 
(PLUS) Program. Check with your bank or lending institution for infor- 
mation. 

Community Scholarships. In many communities, foundations and 
organizations, and in some cases high schools, provide funds for worthy 
students. Applicants should consult with their guidance counselor or 
principal. 

Education Financing Flans. The Business Office at Lycoming pro- 
vides information about plans which enable parents to pay college ex- 
penses on a monthly basis through selected companies. 

Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) Scholarships. Students who 
participate in Army ROTC are eligible for three, two, and one-year 
ROTC scholarships to finance tuition, books, laboratory fees, and other 
charges with the exception of room and board. ROTC-scholarship 
students also receive $100 per month during the academic year. 

Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) Stipends. Students who 
participate in the Army ROTC program receive $100 per academic 
month of their junior and senior years. They also receive half of a second 
lieutenant's pay plus travel expenses for a six week advanced summer 
camp between junior and senior years. 




_&»■«■■. 




\ 


«-J 




} 



Campus Facilities 



Nineteen buildings sit on Lycoming's 20-acre main campus. Most 
buildings are modern, even though Lycoming-one of America's 50 
oldest colleges and universities-dates back to 1812. Most buildings have 
been constructed since 1950; all buildings are easy to reach from 
anywhere on campus, including the 12-acre athletic field and football 
stadium, which lies a few blocks north of the main campus. 
Modern buildings include the eight residence halls, which contain 
clean and comfortable single and double rooms; the library; the theatre; 
the planetarium; student union; computer center; electronic-music 
studio; photography laboratory; art gallery, and physical education 
center. The computer center opened in 1979; the art gallery and 
physical education center opened in 1980. 

RESIDENTIAL 

Asbury Hall (1962) - Sleeps 154 students. Named in honor of Bishop 
Francis Asbury, the father of The United Methodist Church in America, 
who made the circuit through the upper Susquehanna District in 1812, 
the year Lycoming (then the Williamsport Academy) opened its doors. 
Crever Hall (1962) -- Sleeps 126 students in two-room suites with bath. 
Honors Lycoming's founder and first financial agent, the Rev. Benjamin 
H. Crever, who helped persuade the Baltimore Conference to purchase 
the college from the Williamsport Town Council in 1848. 
East Hall (1962) -- Houses the chapters of Lycoming's national frater- 
nities and other students. The self-contained fraternity units each con- 
tain rooms, a lounge, and a chapter room. All students share a large 
social area. 

Forrest Hall (1968) -- Sleeps 92 students in two-room suites with bath. 
Honors Dr. and Mrs. Fletcher Bliss Forrest and Anna Forrest Burfiendt 
'30, the parents and sister of Katherine Forrest Mathers '28, whose 
generosity established the memorial. 

Rich Hall (1948) -- Sleeps 105 students in two-room suites with bath. 
Honors the Rich family of Woolrich, Pennsylvania. Houses the health 
service and the Sara J. Walter lounge for commuting students. 
Skeath Hall (1965) - The largest residence hall, it sleeps 212 students. 
Honors the late J. Milton Skeath, professor of psychology and four-time 
Dean of the College from 1921 to 1967. 

Wesley Hall (1956) -- Sleeps 144 students. Honors John Wesley, the 
founder of Methodism. 

Williams Hall (1965) -- Sleeps 146 students in two-room suites with 
bath. Honors Mary Ellen Whitehead Williams, mother of Joseph A. 
Williams, of St. Marys, Pennsylvania, whose bequest established the 
memorial. 



146 Campus Facilities 



ACADEMIC 

Academic Center (1968) -- Probably the most architecturally impressive 
building on campus, the center actually is composed of four buildings: 
the library, Wendle Hall, the Arena Theatre and laboratories, and the 
faculty office building. 

Library: Contains 142,000 volumes and 902 periodical titles, the Art 

Gallery, the computer center, a comfortable lounge that is utilized 

for study and special events, and the photographic laboratory. It can 

accommodate 700 students, and serves as a federal repository. 

Art Gallery (1980): Located in the northwest corner of the first floor 

of the library, the gallery contains exhibits year-round, including 

shows of student work. 

Computer Center (1979): Located in the basement of the library, 

the center houses a DEC PDPll/70 primary unit and Commodore, 

Radio Shack, and APPLE micro-computers. The primary unit is 

equipped with the RSTS/E operating system, 384K bytes of main 

memory, 134 Mega-bytes disk storage, and 23 remote terminals for 

student, faculty, and administrative use. 

Photographic Laboratory (1978): Located in the library basement, it 

contains all the materials and equipment of any commercial 

laboratory. 

Wendle Hall: Contains 20 classrooms, the psychology laboratories, 

and spacious Pennington Lounge, an informal meeting place for 

students and faculty. 

Arena Theatre and Laboratories: The 204 seat thrust-stage theatre is 

one of the finest in the region; it includes projection facilities, scene 

and costume shops, a make-up room, and a multiple-use area 

known as the Down Stage, where one-act experimental plays are 

performed. The language, business, mathematics, and physics 

laboratories are situated on the upper floors. The Detwiler 

Planetarium is located on the ground floor. 

Faculty Office Building: Contains 69 faculty offices, seminar rooms, 

and a 73 5 -seat lecture hall. 

Art Center (1965) -- Contains classrooms and studios. 

Fine Arts Building (1940) -- Contains classrooms and studios. 

Science Building (1957) -- Includes the biology and chemistry 

laboratories, classrooms, faculty offices, a lecture hall, and a greenhouse. 

ADMINISTRATION 

John W. Long Hall (1951) --Opened originally as the college library, it 
now houses the administration, including the offices of the president, 
dean, treasurer, registrar, admissions, alumni affairs, public relations, 



Campus Facilities 147 



development, career development, publications, and financial aid. It 
includes a reception area, central communications, and the printing and 
bulk mail office. 

RECREATION 

Physical Education and Recreation Center (1980) -- Includes the George 
R. Lamade Gymnasium, which contains basketball and other courts; a 
six-lane swimming pool; all-purpose room; sauna and steam rooms; of- 
fices; classrooms, and Alumni Lounge. 

Wertz Student Center (1939) -- Contains the main and private dining 
rooms, Burchfield Lounge, a recreation area, game rooms, music room, 
theatre, bookstore, post office, student organization offices, and FM 
radio station. Honors Bishop D. Frederick Wertz, president of Lycoming 
from 1955 to 1968. 

Hilltop Gymnasium (1923) -- Contains basketball court, bowling alley, 
offices. Will be renovated into a fine arts center. 

RELIGIOUS 

Clarke Building (1939) -- Lycoming's landmark, the building contains 
Clarke Chapel, St. John Neumann Chapel, and the United Campus 
Ministry Center. It also contains music classrooms, studios, offices, and 
the electronic-music studio with a Moog synthesizer. 



Campus Map 



1. 


Williams Hall* 


11. Asbury Hall* 


2. 


Art Center 


12-15. Academic Center 


3. 


Fine Arts Building 


12. Arena Theatre 


4. 


East Hall* 


Laboratories 


5. 


Forrest Hall* 


Detwiler Planetarium 


6. 


Crever Hall* 


13. Faculty Office Building 


7. 


Wertz Student Center 


Lecture hall 




Dining hall 


14. Wendle Hall 




Burchfield Lounge 


Pennington Lounge 




Game room 


Classrooms 




Bookstore 


Laboratories 




Post office 


15. Library 




FM radio station 


Art Gallery 


8. 


Wesley Hall* 


Computer Center 


9. 


Rich Hall* 


Photography Laboratory 


0. 


Long Administration 


16. Hilltop Gymnasium 




Admissions 


17. Clarke Building 




Alumni 


Clarke Chapel 




Business 


St. John Neumann Chapel 




Career Development 


United Campus Ministry Center 




Development 


Electronic-music Studio 




Financial Aid 


18. Skeath Hall* 




Office Services 


19- Physical Education / Recreation Center 




President 


Lamade Gymnasium 




Publications 


Natatorium 




Public Relations 


20. Science Building 




Registrar 


21. Maintenance 




Student Services 






Treasurer 


*Residence halls 



WASHINGTON BOULEVARD 











1 — 


'1 






5 _l 

UJ 


J 

-6 — 

1 



ISTY 




College Directory 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

Officers 

W. Gibbs McKenney, LL.D Chairman 

Nathan W. Stuart, J. D Vice Chairman 

Paul G. Gilmore Secretary 

William L. Baker Treasurer 

Fred A. Pennington, LL.D Chairman Emeritus 

Honorary Trustees 

Bishop Hermann W. Kaebnick, D.D., L.H.D., LL.D Hershey 

Ralph E. Kelchner Jersey Shore 

Arnold A. Phipps, II Williamsport 

Mrs. Donald G. Remley Williamsport 

George L. Stearns, II Williamsport 

Trustees 

Term expires 1982 

Elected 

1979 David Y. Brouse Williamsport 

1951 Paul G. Gilmore Williamsport 

1978 Mrs. Robert B.Jones Caledonia, NY 

1973 Robert G. Little, M.D Harrisburg 

1979 DavidJ. Loomis, Ph.D Troy 

(Alumni Representative) 

1964 W. Gibbs McKenney, LL.D Baltimore, MD 

1973 G.Jackson Miller Altoona 

1958 Fred A. Pennington, LL.D Mechanicsburg 

1979 The Rev. Walter M. Schell Williamsport 

1961 The Rev. Wallace F. Stettler, HH.D Kingston 

Term expires 1983 

Elected 

1980 Richard W. DeWald Montoursville 

1974 Daniel G. Fultz Pittsford, NY 

1980 David M. Heiney, Ed.D Hughesville 

(Alumni Representative) 

1965 James G. Law, D. Text. Sci Bloomsburg 

1970 John E. Person, Jr Williamsport 

1965 Hon. Herman T. Schneebeli Williamsport 

1972 Donald E. Shearer, M.D Montoursville 

1961 Nathan W. Stuart, J. D Williamsport 



152 College Directory 



1971 Willis W. Willard, III, M.D Hershey 

1958 W. Russell Zacharias Allentown 

Term expires 1984 

Elected 

1981 John B. Ernst Doylestown 

(Alumni Representative) 
1969 Samuel H. Evert Bloomsburg 

1972 The Rev. Brian A. Fetterman Harrisburg 

1978 Harold D. Hershberger, Jr Williamsport 

1969 Kenneth E. Himes Williamsport 

1978 John C. Lundy Williamsport 

1981 William Pickelner Williamsport 

1978 John Y. Schreyer Little Falls, NJ 

1978 M. L. Sharrah, Ph.D New Canaan, CT 

1972 Harold H. Shreckengast, Jr Jenkintown 

ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF 

FREDERICK E. BLUMER (1976) President 

B.A., Mil/saps College; B.D., Ph.D., Emory University 
SHIRLEY VAN MARTER (1979) Dean of the College 

B.A., Mundelein College; M.A., Northwestern University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
WILLIAM L. BAKER (1965) Treasurer 

B.S., Lycoming College 
JACK C. BUCKLE (1957) Dean of Student Services 

A. B., Juniata College; M.S., Syracuse University 

BETTY BECK (1965) Bookstore Manager 

DALE V. BOWER (1968) Director of Alumni Affairs 

B.S., Lycoming College; B.D., United Theological Seminary 
CLARENCE W. BURCH (1962) Director of Athletics 

B.S., M.Ed., University of Pittsburgh 
LOUISE A. CALIGIURI (1978) Assistant Dean of Student Services 

B.S., M.S., Duquesne University 
PHILIP D. CHRISTMAN (1979) Assistant Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Bloomsburg State College 
JOANNE B. DAY (1981) Assistant Dean of Student Services 

B.A., M.Ed., Western Maryland College 

ROBERT L. EDDINGER(1967) Director of Buildings & Grounds 

JERRY L. EISCHELD (1981) Campus Minister 

B.S., Mansfield State College; M.Div., United 

Theological Seminary at Dayton 



College Directory 153 



ROBERT J. GLUNK (1965) . . .Registrar and Director, Special Programs 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
THOMAS J. HENNINGER (1966) Director of Computer Services 

B.S., Wake Forest College; M.A., University of Kansas 
MARY E. HERRING (1978) Assistant Director of Admissions 

B.A., Albright College 
RICHARD A. HUGHES (1970) Chaplain of the College 

B.A., Indiana Central College; S.T.B., Ph.D., Boston University 
HAROLD H. HUTSON (1969) President Emeritus 

B.A., LL.D., Wofford College; B.D., Duke University 

Ph.D., University of Chicago; L.H.D., Ohio Wesley an University 
DOUGLAS J. KEIPER(1970) Assistant Director of Admissions 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 
WELLES B. LOBB (1980) Assistant Director of Public Relations 

B.A., Mansfield State College 
BETTYJ. PARIS p963) Recorder 

A.B., Lycoming College 
JULIANNT. PAWLAK(1979) Director of Student Financial Aid 

B.A., Lycoming College; M.A., Bucknell University 
WILLIAM H. RUPP (1979) Director of Public Relations 

B.A., M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 

BETTY JUNE SW ANGER (1961) Director of Accounting Services 

THOMAS P. WOZNIAK (1979) Assistant Dean of Student Services 

B.A., Merrimack College'; M.Ed., Worcester State College 

RALPH E. ZEIGLERJR. (1980) Assistant Director of Admissions 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 



FACULTY 

Emeriti 

MABEL K. BAUER Professor Emeritus of Chemistry 

B.S., Cornell University; M.S., University of Pennsylvania 
LEROY F. DERR Professor Emeritus of Education 

A.B., Ursinus College; M.A., Bucknell University 

Ed.D., University of Pittsburgh 
ROBERT H. EWING Professor Emeritus of History 

A.B., College ofWooster; M.A., University of Michigan 

H.H.D., Lycoming College 
PHILG. GILLETTE Associate Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

A.B., Ohio University; M.A., Columbia University 
JOHN P. GRAHAM Professor Emeritus of English 

Ph.B., Dickinson College; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 



134 College Directory 



HAROLD W. HAYDEN Librarian Emeritus 

and Professor Emeritus of Library Services 

A.B., Nebraska State Teachers College; B.S., University of Illinois; 

M.A. in L.S., University of Michigan 
GEORGE W. HOWE Professor Emeritus of Geology 

A.B., M.S., Syracuse University; Ph.D., Cornell University 
M. RAYMOND JAMISON Assistant Professor Emeritus of Physics 

B.S., Ursinus College; M.S., Bucknell University 
WALTER G. McIVER Professor Emeritus of Music 

Mus. B. , Westminster Choir College 

A.B., Bucknell University; M.A., New York University 
LORING B. PRIEST Professor Emeritus of History 

Litt.B., Rutgers University; M.A., Ph.D., Harvard University 

DONALD G. REMLEY Assistant Professor Emeritus of 

Mathematics and Physics 

A.B., Dickinson College; M.A., Columbia University 
MARY LANDON RUSSELL Associate Professor Emeritus of Music 

Mus.B., Susquehanna University Conservatory of Music; 

M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 
LOUISE R. SCHAEFFER .... Associate Professor Emeritus of Education 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.A., Bucknell University 

D. Ed. , The Pennsylvania State University 
JAMES W. SHEAFFER Associate Professor Emeritus of Music 

B.S., Indiana University of Pennsylvania; 

M.S., University of Pennsylvania 
FRANCES K. SKEATH Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 

A.B., M.A., Bucknell University 

D. Ed. , The Pennsylvania State University 
JOHN A. STUART Professor Emeritus of English 

B.A., William Jewell College; 

M.A., Ph.D., Norhwestern University 
HELEN B. WEIDMAN Professor Emeritus of Political Science 

A.B., M.A., Bucknell University; Ph.D., Syracuse University 



PROFESSORS 

MALTHON M. ANAPOL (1981) Mass Communications 

B.S., Rutgers University; M.A., Temple University; 

Ph.D., The Ohio State University 
ROBERT F. FALK (1970) Theatre 

B.A., B.D., Drew University; Marshal of the College 

M.A., Ph.D., Wayne State University 
MORTON A. FINEMAN (1966)* Physics 

A.B., Indiana University; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 



College Directory 155 



ERNEST D. GIGLIO (1972) Political Science 

B.A., Queens College; M.A., SUNY at Albany; 

Ph.D., Syracuse University 
EDUARDO GUERRA (I960) Religion 

B.D., Southern Methodist University; 

S.T.M., Ph.D., Union Theological Seminary 
JOHNG. HANCOCK(1967) Psychology 

B. S. , M.S., Buc knell University; 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University 
JOHN G. HOLLENBACK(1952) Business Administration 

B.S., M.B.A., University of Pennsylvania 
JAMES K. HUMMER(1962) Chemistry 

B.N.S., Tufts University; M.S., Middle bury College; 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
JACKS. McCRARY(1969)* Sociology 

B.A., M.A., Southern Methodist University; 

Ph.D., Washington University 
ROGER W. OPDAHL (1963) Economics 

A.B., Hofstra University; M.A., Columbia University; 

D. Ed. , The Pennsylvania State University 
ROBERT W. RABOLD (1955) Economics 

B.A., The Pennsylvania State University; 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
JOHN A. RADSPINNER (1957) Chemistry 

B.S., University of Richmond; M.S., Virginia 

Polytechnic Institute; D. Sc. , Carnegie-Mellon University 
LOGAN A. RICHMOND (1954) Accounting 

B.S., Lycoming College; M.B.A., New York University 

C.P.A., (Pennsylvania) 
JANET A. RODGERS(1981) Nursing 

B.A.. Wagner College; M.A., Ph.D., New York University 

SHIRLEY A. VAN MARTER (1979) Dean of the College 

English 

B.A., Mundelein College; M.A., Northwestern University; 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS 

ROBERTB. ANGSTADT(1967) Biology 

B.S., Ursinus College; M.S., Ph.D., Cornell University 

HOWARD C. BERTHOLDJR. (1976) Psychology 

B.A., Franklin and Marshall College; M.A., University of Iowa; 
Ph.D., The University of Massachusetts 



*On Sabbatical Academic Year 1981-82 



156 College Directory 



CLARENCE W. BURCH (1962) Physical Education 

B.S., M.Ed., University of Pittsburgh 
JACK S. DIEHL, JR. (1971) Biology 

B.S., M.A., Sam Houston State College; 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Connecticut 
BERNARD P. FLAM (1963) Spanish 

A.B., New York University; M.A., Harvard University; 

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
WILLIAM D. FORD (1972) English 

B.A., Occidental College; 

M.A., M.F.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
DAVID A. FRANZ (1970) Chemistry 

A.B., Princeton University; M.A.T., The Johns 

Hopkins University; Ph.D., University of Virginia 
CHARLES L. GETCHELL(1967)* Mathematics 

B.S., University of Massachusetts; 

M.A., Ph.D., Harvard University 
STEPHEN R. GRIFFITH (1970) Philosophy 

A.B., Cornell University; 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
DAVID K. HALEY (1980) Mathematics 

B.A., Acadia University; M.S., Ph.D., Queen's University 
JOHN R. HUBBARD (1975) Mathematics 

A.B., University of Rochester; 

A.M., Ph.D., University of Michigan 
RICHARD A. HUGHES (1970) Religion 

B.A., Indiana Central College; 

S.T.B., Ph.D., Boston University 
EMILY R.JENSEN (1969) English 

B. A., Jamestown College; M.A., University of Denver; 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University 
FORRESTE. KEESBURY(1970) Education 

B.S., Defiance College; M.A., Bowling Green State 

University; Ed.D., Lehigh University 
ROBERT H. LARSON (1969) History 

B.A., The Citadel; M.A., Ph.D., University of Virginia 
PAULA. MacKENZIE (1970) German 

A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Boston Unversity 
GERTRUDE B. MADDEN (1958) English 

A.B., University of Pennsylvania; M.A., Bucknell University 
ROBERTJ. B. MAPLES (1969) French 

A.B., University of Rochester; Ph.D., Yale University 



*On Sabbatical Academic Year 1981-82 



College Directory 157 



JOHN F. PIPER, JR. (1969) History 

A.B., Lafayette College; B.D., Yale University; 

Ph.D., Duke University 
DAVIDJ. RIFE (1970) English 

B.A., University of Florida; 

M.A., Ph.D., Southern Illinois University 
MICHAEL G. ROSKIN (1972) Political Science 

A.B., University of California at Berkeley; M. A., University 

of California at Los Angeles; Ph.D., The American University 
ROGERD. SHIPLEY(1967) Art 

B.A., Otterbein College; M.F.A., Cran brook Academy of Art 
STANLEYT. WILK(1973) Anthropology 

B.A., Hunter College; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 

ASSISTANT PROFESSORS 

SUSAN K. BEIDLER (1975) Library Services 

B.A., University of Delaware; M.L.S., University of Pittsburgh 
CATHERINEP. BLAIR(1980) English 

A.B., Regis College; M.A., Wellesley College; 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University 
GARYM. BOERCKEL(1979) Music 

B.M., Oberlin College; M.M., Ohio University; 

D.M.A., University of Iowa 
JONR. BOGLE (1976) Art 

B.F.A., B.S., M.F.A., Tyler School of Art, Temple University 
ROLFT. CARLSON(1981) Theatre 

B.S., Kearney State College 

M.F.A., University of Montana 
JOHN H. CONRAD (1959) Education 

B.S., Mansfield State College; M.A., New York University 
RICHARD R. ERICKSON (1973) Astronomy and Physics 

B.A., University of Minnesota; 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
EDWARD G. GABRIEL (1977) Biology 

B.A., M.S., Alfred University; 

Ph.D., The Ohio State University 
FRED L. GROGAN (1977) Political Science 

A.B., Bates College; M.A., Arizona State University; 

Ph.D., University of Missouri 
THOMAS J. HENNINGER(1966) Director of Computer Services 

B.S., Wake Forest College; M.A., University of Kansas Mathematics 
OWEN F. HERRING (1965) Philosophy 

B.A., Wake Forest College 



158 College Directory 



DAVID N.JEX (1978) Music 

B.M., University of Toledo; M.M., Bowling Green 

State University; D.M.A., Cleveland Institute of Music 
MOON H.JO (1975) Sociology 

B.A., Valparaiso University; M.A., Howard University; 

Ph.D., New York University 
DANO. KING (1977) Biology 

B.A., University of South Florida; 

M.A., Ph.D., Indiana University 
ELIZABETH H. KING (1956) Business Administration 

B.S., Geneva College; 

M. Ed. , The Pennsylvania State University 
ELDON F. KUHNS, II (1979) Accounting 

B.A., Lycoming College; M. Accounting, 

University of Oklahoma; C.P.A. (Pennsylvania) 
MARY ELLEN LARSON (1979) Library Services 

B.A., Ithaca College; 

M.L.S., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 
RICHARDJ. MORRIS (1976) History 

B.A., Boston State College; M.A., Ohio University; 

Ph.D., New York University 
STEPHEN E. ROBINSON (1979) Religion 

B.A., M.A., Brigham Young University; 

Ph.D., Duke University 
KATHRYN M. RYAN (1981) Psychology 

B.S., University of Illinois; M.S., Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh 
GENE D. SPRECHINI (1981) Mathematics 

B.S., Wilkes College; 

M.A., Ph.D., SUNY at Binghamton 
LARRYR. STRAUSER(1973) Sociology 

A.B., Lycoming College; M.P.A., University of Arizona 

FRED M. THAYERJR. (1976) Music 

A.B., Syracuse University; B.M., Ithaca College; 

M.M., SUNY at Binghamton; D.M. A., Cornell University 
H. BRUCE WEAVER (1974) Business Administraton 

B.B.A., Stetson University; J. D., Vanderbilt University; 

M.B.A., Florida Technological University 
JOHNM. WHELANJR. (1971) Philosophy 

B.A., University of Notre Dame; 

Ph.D., The University of Texas at Austin 
BUDD F. WHITEHILL (1957) Physical Education 

B.S., Lock Haven State University; 

M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University 



College Directory 159 



FREDRIC M. WILD, JR. (1978) English 

B.A., Emory University; M.A., Ph.D., Ohio State 

University; M.Dw., Yale Divinity School 
ROBERTA. ZACCAR1A(1973) Biology 

B.A., Bndgewater College; Ph.D., University of Virginia 
MELVINC. ZIMMERMAN (1979) Biology 

B.S., SUNY at Cortland; M.S., Ph.D., Miami University 

INSTRUCTORS 

GEOFFREY L. GORDON (1981) Business Administration 

B.S., Lehigh University; M.B.A., Duke University 
DAVID B. HAIR ( 1979) Physical Education 

B. S. , East Stroudsburg State College 
DEBORAH J. HOLMES (1976) Physical Education 

B. S. , M.S., The Pennsylvania State University 
WILLIAM E. KEIG (1980) Astronomy and Physics 

A.B., University of California at Santa Cruz; 

M.S., University of Chicago 
DIANE M. LESKO (1978) Art 

B.A., M.A., SUNY at Binghamton 
JACK D. MURPHY (1978) Mathematics 

B. S. , M.S., Drexel University 
RICHARD D. TROXEL (1978) Mathematics 

B.A., Oberlin College; M.A., Indiana University 

LECTURERS 

DON M. LARRABEE II (1972) Lecturer in Law 

A.B., Franklin and Marshall; LL.B., Fordham University 

PART-TIME INSTRUCTORS 

MARYP. BAGGETT(1977) Chemistry 

B.A., Regis College; M.A., Wellesley College 
ANITA S. HUBBARD (1977) Mathematics 

B.S., University of Tennessee; 

M.S., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 
JUDITH B. MALLINSON(1981) Art 

B.A., Bucknell University 
BARRY W. SLOTTER (1978) Sociology 

B.A., Lycoming College; B.S., M.S., Mansfield State College 
MARYJ. VESTERMARK(1977) Psychology 

A.B., Oberlin College; M.A., Stetson University; 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 

ROBERTK. WOLF(1981) Spanish 

B.A., Elizabethtown College; M.A., Middle bury College 



160 College Directory 



APPLIED MUSIC TEACHERS 

RICHARDJ. LAKEY (1979) Organ and Piano 

WALTER G. McIVER (1979) Voice 

A.B., Bucknell University; M.B., Westminster Choir College; 

M.A., New York University 
ALBERTJ. NACINOVICH (1972) Brass 

B.A. in Music Education, Mansfield State College; 

M.S. in Music Education, Ithaca College 
MARYL. RUSSELL(1936) Piano 

M.B., Susquehanna University; 

M.A., The Pennsylvania State University 

ADJUNCT FACULTY 

JOHNL. DAMASKA(1981) Medical Technology 

School of Medical Technology, The Williamsport Hospital 

DONK. WEAVER(1981) Medical Technology 

School of Medical Technology, The Williamsport Hospital 

MEDICAL STAFF 

FREDERIC C. LECHNER, M.D College Physician 

B.S., Franklin and Marshall College; 

M. D. , Jefferson Medical College 
ROBERT S. YASUI, M.D College Surgeon 

M.D., Temple University 
EMALINE W. DEIBERT, R.N College Nurse 

Williamsport Hospital School of Nursing 
EVELYN L. SEAMAN, R.N College Nurse 

Williamsport Hospital School of Nursing 



College Directory 161 



ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANTS 

RandyJ. Baker Athletic Trainer 

(B. S. . Lock Haven State College, 

M.S., University of Illinois) 

Louise S. Banks Periodicals Assistant in Library 

Gale E. Bennett Secretary to the Dean of the College 

Emily C. Biichle Coordinator Facilities Scheduling /Purchasing 

Barbara J. Bodner Secretary to the Director of Admissions 

Pauline M. Brungard Student Loan Coordinator 

(B.S., Lycoming College) 

Shirley M. Campbell Assistant in Treasurer's Office 

Richard L. Cowher Press Operator 

Elizabeth G. Cowles Career Development Secretary 

Robert L. Curry Administrative Assistant in Athletics 

(A.B., Lycoming College) 

Mary Dahlgren Data Terminal Operator /Secretary, Computer Center 

June L. Evans Secretary, Education Office 

Irene Everdale Secretary to the Director of Buildings and Grounds 

S. Jean Gair Secretary, Music and Art Departments 

Anne S. Gibbon Secretary, Biology and Chemistry Departments 

Ralph W. Hellan Computer Operations Programmer 

(A.B., Lycoming College) 

Helen C. Heller Secretary to the Registrar 

Mary C. Hendricks Supervisor of Housekeeping 

Esther L. Henninger Administrative Assistant for 

Admission Computer Applications 

Diane C. Hess Receptionist/ Sec 'y, Office of Student Services 

Bernadine G. Hileman Office Services Coordinator 

Phyllis M. Holmes Secretary to the President 

Barbara E. Horn Secretary to the Athletic Director 

Dee A. Horn Secretary to the Treasurer 

Naomi E. Kepner Switchboard Operator 

Kimberly A. Lucas Library Assistant 

Eleanor W. McCoy Secretary to the Director of Student Financial Aid 

Doris F. McCoy Secretary in Institutional Relations Office 

Mary Jane Murphy Secretary in Admissions Office 

Marilyn Mullings Faculty Secretary 

Phyllis B. Myers Secretary to the Director of Alumni Affairs 

Marion R. Nyman Cashier /Bookkeeper 

Terry Ann Raup Secretary, Athletic Office 

Dolores J. Reed I.L.L. Assistant/ AV Coordinator 

Pearl M. Ringler Bookstore Assistant 

Marian L. Rubendall Secretary to the Dean of Student Services 

Sheran L. Swank Faculty Secretary 

PatriciaJ. Triaca Library Assistant 

Helen J. Vincent Library Assistant 

Deborah E. Weaver Damage Assessment Clerk 

Loretta M. Whipkey Secretary to the Director of Public Relations 

Madelyn Wonderlich Faculty Secretary 

Linda S. Wright Secretary to the Director of Development 

Cheryl A. Yearick Library Assistant 



The Alumni Association 



The Alumni Association of Lycoming College has a membership of more than 8,000 
men and women. It is governed by an executive board consisting of four officers and 21 
members-at-large, elected through mail ballot by the membership of the association. 
The board also has members representing specific geographic areas of alumni concentra- 
tion, the senior class president, the student body president, and a representative of the 
last graduating class. The association annually nominates one alumni representative for a 
three-year term on the college board of trustees. The Director of Alumni Affairs directs 
the activities of the alumni office. The alumni association has the following purpose as 
stated in its constitution: "As an off-campus constituency, the Association's purpose is 
to seek ways of maintaining an active and mutually beneficial relationship between the 
college and its alumni, utilizing their talents, resources and counsel to further the objec- 
tive and program of Lycoming College." 

All former students of Williamsport Dickinson Seminary and all former students 
who have successfully completed one year of study at Williamsport Dickinson Junior 
College or Lycoming College shall be members of the association. Any person who leaves 
Lycoming College after successfully completing one year and re-enters as a student 
within four years of his/her initial matriculation shall not be a member of the alumni 
association while enrolled as a student at Lycoming College. 

Acting as the representative of alumni on the campus and working also with 
undergraduates, the alumni office aids in keeping alumni informed and interested in 
the programs, growth, and activities of the college through regular publications mailed 
to all alumni on record. Arrangements for Homecoming, Alumni Day, class reunions, 
club meetings, and similar activities are coordinated through this office. The alumni 
association promotes group travel programs, supplies back-year class rings, and sells 
water colors and bronze etchings of the campus and alumni chairs. Through The Lycom- 
ing College Annual Giving Fund, the alumni office is closely associated with the 
development program of the college. Lycoming College holds membership in the Coun- 
cil for Advancement and Support of Education. Communications to the alumni associa- 
tion should be addressed to the Office of Alumni Affairs. 



ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OFFICERS AND EXECUTIVE BOARD 

President - Kent T. Baldwin '64 - 2446 Waldman Drive 

Williamsport, PA 17701 
Vice-President for Campus Affairs - Mrs. Howard F. Chambers 

(Amy Gehron '70) 48 Ross Street 
Williamsport, PA 17701 
Vice-President for Regional Affairs - Mrs. Leo A. Calistri (Judith Fry '56) 

310 Fayette Dr. 
Fayetteville, NY 13066 
Secretary - Mrs. Barry L. Boyer (Nancy Snyder '64) 
2901 Orchard Ave., R.D. 3 
Montoursville, PA 17754 
Last retiring president -John B. Ernst '58 
211 Belmont Ave. 
Doylestown, PA 18901 



Alumni Association 163 



Term expires (June. 1982) 

Mrs. Mary Landon Russell '33 - 812 Lincoln Ave., Williamsport, PA 17701 
Mrs. Herman S. Horn (Nancy Dorrance '57) - 201 N. Broad St. 

Honey brook, PA 19344 
Charles K. Post '57 - 9403 Victoria Court, Upper Marlboro, MD 20870 
Miss Andrea D. Seuren '76-60 Hunter Drive, Fox Ridge Aprs., HiNella, NJ 08083 
Mrs. Larry R. Strauser (Keigh Cronauer '58) - R.D. 3, Montoursville, PA 17754 
Miss Karen A. Suplee '74 - Box 156, George School, Newton, PA 18940 
Daniel P. Wright '74 - 1204 Tule St., Montoursville, PA 17754 



Term expires (June 1983) 

David G. Argall '80 - Deer Trail Lane, Lake Hauto, R.D. 1, 

Nesquehoning, PA 18240 
Mrs. Clare Doty (Diane Whitaker 72) - R.D. 2, Box 327, Cohocton, NY 14826 
Mrs. Donna Genther (Donna M. Cipriani '71) - 2425 Vista Rd. 

Williamsport, PA 17701 
Norman E. Huff '57-1806 Columbia Ave., Tyrone, PA 16686 
Wayne M. Moffatt '63 - R.D. 2, Montoursville, PA 17754 
Mrs. Frederick Spannuth (Nancy Flory '64) - 333 Oakley Dr. 

State College, PA 16801 
Mrs. Robert Zanker (Martha Getman '57) - 214 S. Center St., Philipsburg, PA 16866 



Term expires (June, 1984) 

Mrs. Thomas Beamer (Gail Gleason '75) - 3880 Dora Drive, Harrisburg, PA 17710 
Miss Nellie F. Gorgas '38 & '55 - 316 Front St., Jersey Shore, PA 17740 
Robert V. Haas '58 - 2805 Four Mile Dr., R.D. 3, Montoursville, PA 17754 
Larry H. Sanders '64 - 821 Diamond St., Williamsport, PA 17701 
Barnard C. Taylor, II '65 - 138 So. 3rd St, Lewisburg, PA 17837 
Mrs. Carolyn Thomas (Carolyn Moday '61) - 1521 Elmira St. 

Williamsport, PA 17701 
Raymond A. Thompson, Jr. '62 - 431 Oakland Ave., Williamsport, PA 17701 



Members of the Board serving a one -year term 

Student Association of Lycoming College (SALC), President - Rebekah B. Sweet '82 

Senior Class President - Jim Ekey 

Representative of the Class of '81 - Debra G. Suplee - 5 Balfour Lane 

Willingboro, NJ 08046 



Alumni representatives to Lycoming College Board of Trustees 

1982 - Dr. David J. Loomis '61 - R.D. 1, Box 167A, Troy, PA 16947 

1983 - Dr. David M. Heiney '62 - R.D. 2, Woodbine Rd., Hughesville, PA 17737 

1984 -John B. Ernst '58 - 211 Belmont Ave., Doylestown, PA 18901 



Academic Calendar — 1981-1982 

FALL SEMESTER 



August 

27 
28 
30 
31 

September 

1 



15 



Thursday 
Friday 
Sunday 
Monday 

Tuesday 



Monday 



25, 26, 27 


Fri., Sat., Sun, 


OCTOBER 




9, 10, 11 


Fri., Sat., Sun, 


13 


Tuesday 


19 


Monday 


23 


Friday 


November 




9-13 


Mon. -Fri. 


24 


Tuesday 


25 
29 
30 


Wednesday 

Sunday 

Monday 


December 




18 


Friday 


January 




7 

10 

11 


Thursday 

Sunday 

Monday 



Friday 



— Fall semester bills are due 

— Orientation of new faculty 

— Residence halls open 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. 

— Faculty available for advising 

— Classes begin fust period. 

— Processing of drop /add begins. AFTERNOONS 
ONLY. 

— Labor Day. Classes in session. 

— Re-registration fee of $25.00 applies after this 
date. 

— Last day for drop /add. 

— Last day to elect audit and satisfactory/ 
unsatisfactory grades. 

— Homecoming Weekend. 

— Parents' Weekend. 

— Last day for submission of final grades for courses 
for which Incomplete grades were recorded in 
spring. May, and summer Terms. 

— Mid-Semester Deficiency Reports for freshmen 
due in Registrar's Office at 12 noon. 

— Long weekend — Classes suspended; offices 
open. 

— Preregistration. 

— Last day to withdraw from courses with W, WP, 
and WF grades. 

— Thanksgiving recess begins 9 p.m. 

— Residence halls close 10 a.m. 

— Residence halls open at 12 noon. 

— Classes resume first period. 

— Semester ends 5 p.m. 

— Residence halls close 9 p.m. 

SPRING SEMESTER 

— Spring semester bills are due 

— Residence halls open 12 noon. 

— Classes begin fust period. 

— Processing of drop /add begins. AFTERNOONS 
ONLY. 

— Re-registration fee of $25.00 applies after this 
date. 

— Last day for drop /add. 

— Last day to elect audit and satisfactory/ 
unsatisfactory grades. 



Academic Calendar 165 



February 




19 


Friday 


March 




1 


Monday 


5 


Friday 


14 
15 
29-April 2 


Sunday 
Monday 
Mon. -Fri. 


April 




9 


Friday 


13 
30 


Tuesday 
Friday 


May 




9 


Sunday 


May 




9 

10 

11 


Sunday 
Monday 
Tuesday 



28 



31 



June 

4 



Friday 
Monday 

Friday 



Last day for submission of final grades for courses 
for which Incomplete grades were recorded in the 
fall semester. 



Mid-Semester Deficiency Reports for freshmen 

due in Registrar's Office at 12 noon. 

Spring recess begins 5 p.m. 

Residence halls close 9 p.m. 

Residence halls open at 12 noon. 

Classes resume first period. 

Preregistration. 



— Good Friday. Afternoon classes suspended. 

— Last day to withdraw from courses with W, WP, 
WF grades. 

— Honors Day. 

— Semester ends 5 p.m. 

— Residence halls close 9 p.m. 

— Commencement. 
MAY TERM 



— Residence halls open 12:30 to 2 p.m. only. 

— Classes begin 

— Last day for drop /add. 

— Last day to elect audit and satisfactory / 
unsatisfactory grades. 

— Last day to withdraw from courses with W, WP, 
WF grades. 

— Memorial Day. Classes in session; offices closed. 

— Term ends. 

— Residence halls close 4 p.m. 







SUMMER TERM 


June 






20 


Sunday 


— Residence halls open 12 noon. 


21 


Monday 


— Classes begin. 


23 


Wednesday 


— Last day for drop /add. 

— Last day to elect audit and satisfactory/ 
unsatisfactory grades. 


July 






16 


Friday 


— Last day to withdraw from courses with W, WP 
WF grades. 


30 


Friday 


— Term ends. 

— Residence halls close 4 p.m. 



INDEX 



Academic Advisement 16 

Academic Calendar 164 

Academic Honesty 20 

Academic Honors 22 

Academic Program 11 

Academic Standing 20 

Accounting Curriculum 39 

Accounting-Mathematics (EIM) 42 

Accreditation 9 

Administrative Assistants 161 

Administrative Staff 152 

Admission 137 

Admissions Deposit 140 

Admissions Office 138 

Admission Policy 137 

Admission Standards 137 

Advanced Placement 21 

Advanced Standing by Transfer 138 

Advisory Committees 16 

Health Professions 16 

Legal Professions 16 

Medical Technology 16 

Theological Professions 17 

Allopathic Medicine, Advisement for ... 16 

Alumni Association 162 

American Studies (EIM) 42 

Anthropology Curriculum 120 

Application Fee and Deposits 140 

Application Process 137 

Applied Music Requirements 103 

Art Curriculum 44 

Astronomy and Physics Curriculum 48 

Attendance, Class 20 

Audit 29 

Awards 22 

BFA Degree 15 

Basic Educational Opportunity 

Grants (BEOG) 142 

Biology Curriculum 53 

Board of Trustees 151 

Books and Supplies 139 

Business Administration Curriculum .... 58 

Calendar, Academic 164 

Campus Facilities 145 

Campus Map 148 

Career Development Services 132 

Chemistry Curriculum 62 

Christian Ministry, Advisement for 17 

Class Attendance 20 

College and the Church 134 

College Directory 151 

College Level Examination Program 

(CLEP) 21 



Community Scholarships 143 

Computer Center 146 

Computing Facilities 146 

Computer Science Curriculum 95 

Conduct, Standards of 133 

Contents 3 

Contingency Deposits 140 

Cooperative Programs 30 

Engineering 30 

Environmental Studies 31 

Forestry 31 

Medical Technology 31 

Military Science 34 

Optometry 32 

Podiatry 33 

Sculpture 33 

Counseling, Academic 16 

Counseling, Personal 131 

Course Credit by Examination 21 

Course Descriptions 39 

Criminal Justice (EIM) 65 

Curriculum 39 

Damage Charges 133 

Degree Programs 11 

Degree Requirements 11 

Dental School, Advisement for 16 

Departmental Honors 26 

Departmental Majors 14 

Deposits 140 

Deposit Refunds 140 

Discrimination Compliance Statement . 137 

Distribution Requirements 12 

English 12 

Fine Arts 13 

Foreign Language 13 

History and Social Science 14 

Mathematics 13 

Natural Science 14 

Philosophy 13 

Religion 13 

Early Admission Procedure 137 

Economics Curriculum 66 

Education Curriculum 70 

Education Financing Plans 14 1 

Educational Opportunity Grants 142 

Engineering, Cooperative Program 30 

English Curriculum 73 

English Requirement 12 

Entrance Examinations (CEEB) 21 

Entry Fees and Deposits 140 

Environmental Studies 31 

Established Interdisciplinary 

Major (EIM) 15 



Index 167 



Expenses 139 

Faculty 153 

Facilities 145 

Federal Grants and Loans 142 

Fees 139 

Financial Aid 139 

Financial Assistance 139 

Financial Information 139 

Fine Arts Requirements 13 

Foreign Language Requirement 13 

Foreign Languages and Literatures 

Curriculum 78 

Forestry, Cooperative Program 31 

French Curriculum 78 

General Expenses 139 

German Curriculum 81 

Grading System 18 

Graduation Requirements 11 

Grants-in-Aid 142 

Greek Curriculum 82 

Health Professional Careers 16 

Health Services 131 

Hebrew Curriculum 83 

History Curriculum 85 

History of the College 9 

History Requirements 14 

Honor Societies 22 

Honors, Academic 22 

Honors, Departmental 26 

Independent Study 27 

Interdisciplinary Majors 15 

Established Majors (EIM) 15 

Individual Majors (EIM) 15 

International Studies 89 

Internship Programs 27 

Interviews 138 

Introduction to Lycoming 7 

Johnson Atelier 44 

Legal Professions, Advisement for 16 

Literature (EIM) 90 

Loans 142 

Location 7 

London Semester 34 

Lycoming Scholar Program 35 

Major 14 

Admission to 14 

Departmental 14 

Interdisciplinary (EIM, IIM) 15 

Mass Communications (EIM) 91 

Mathematics Requirements 13 

May Term 29 

Medical School, Advisement for 16 

Medical History 132 



Medical Staff 160 

Medical Technology 31 

Military Science 34 

Ministerial Grants-in-Aid 142 

Music Curriculum 100 

National Defense Student Loans 

(NDSL) 142 

Natural Science Requirement 14 

Near East Culture and 

Archeology (EIM) 104 

Non-Payment of Fees Penalty 14 1 

Optometry 32 

Optometry School, Advisement for ... . 16 

Orientation 135 

Osteopathy School, Advisement for 16 

Overseas Studies Opportunities 29 

Part-time Student Opportunities 29 

Regular Audit 29 

Special Student 

(Part-time for Credit) 29 

Payment of Fees 139 

Payments, Partial 140 

Penalty for Non-Payment of Fees 14 1 

Personal Counseling 131 

Philosophy Curriculum 105 

Philosophy Requirement 13 

Physical Education Curriculum 109 

Physics Curriculum 48 

Placement Services 132 

Podiatry, Cooperative Program 33 

Political Science Curriculum 109 

Psychology Curriculum 114 

Purpose and Objectives 7 

Quick Look at Lycoming 5 

Reading Improvement Course 132 

Refunds 140 

Registration 17 

Regulations (Standards of Conduct) ... 133 

Religion Curriculum 117 

Religion Requirement 13 

Religious Life 1 34 

Requirements, Distribution 12 

Requirements for Admission 137 

Requirements for Graduation 11 

Reserve Officer Training Corps 

Program (ROTC) 34 

Scholarships (ROTC) 143 

Residence 133 

Residence Halls 133 

Scholarships 14 1 

Selection Process 137 

Sculpture 44 

Social Science Requirement 14 



168 Index 



Sociology- Anthropology 

Curriculum 120 

Spanish Curriculum 83 

Special Features 27 

Independent Study 27 

Internship Program 27 

May Term 29 

Overseas Studies Opportunities 29 

Standards of Admission 137 

Standards of Conduct 133 

State Grants and Loans 143 

Student Activities 135 

Student Enrichment Semester (SES) .... 34 

Student Records 20 

Student Services 131 

Study Abroad 29 

Summer Session Calendar 164 

Supplemental Educational Oppor- 
tunity Grant (SEOG) 142 

Theatre Curriculum 126 

Theological Professions, Advisement 

for 17 

Transfer 137 

Trustees 151 

Unit Course System 18 

United Campus Ministry 134 

United Nations Semester 34 

Veterans, Approval 137 

Veterinary School, Advisement for 16 

Washington Semester 34 

Withdrawal from College 140 

Work-Study Grants 143 



How to get to Lycoming College 



ATHLETIC FIELD 

(North of Campus)