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Locked Cage published by 

RG E. Pinkham Medicine Co- 

1 91 

- 1 - * x Massachusetts, U.S.A. 





Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 


* Locke 







The Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co. 
Lynn, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 


This little book treats of delicate subjects, 
and has been sent to you only by request. 
It is not intended for indiscriminate read- 
ing, but for your own private information. 




Private Counsel to Women — Woman's Joys and 
Sufferings — Women must be Helped by Women — 
Medical Skill Seldom Needed — Lydia E. Pinkham, 
Woman's Helper — Lydia E. Pinkham's Advice to 
Women — Lydia E. Pinkham's Assistants — Advice 
Proved Good 5 


Women Intended to be Mothers — Early Training for 

Future Mothers — Women wish Children ... 11 


What Women may be Mothers — Periodic Cleans- 
ing — Disturbances of this Function — Perils in 
Establishment of the Function — On the Threshold 
of Womanhood — A Few Simple Rules — Women 
Who Work — The Saleswoman — Lydia E. Pinkham's 
Compound Preserves Health — Deficient Flow — 
Excessive Flow — Irregular Menstruation — Pain- 
ful Menstruation — Neuralgic — Congestive — 
Obstructive — Membranous — Ovarian — Treat- 
ment — Change of Life 14 





Sterility — Treatment — Indications of Pregnancy — 
Morning Sickness — Constipation — The Breasts- 
Miscarriage — General Health — Diet — Exercise, 

Air and Dress — Bathing 27 

Ulceration and Tumors — Falling of the Womb — 
Symptoms — Effect of Pregnancy — Nature of the 
Trouble — Cure — Other Displacements — In- 
flammation of the Womb — Symptoms — Treat- 
ment — The White Discharge — Treatment — 
Pruritus or Itching — Consequences — Treatment 

— Ulceration of the Womb — Tumors — Symptoms 

— Surgical Treatment — Medical Treatment — In- 
flammation of the Ovaries — Treatment ... 34 

Nervousness — Sleeplessness — Headache — Neural- 
gia — Symptoms — Hysteria — Symptoms — Treat- 
ment — Melancholy and "The Blues" — Symptoms — 
Treatment — Mental Derangement — Ansemia — 
Symptoms — Treatment — Must be Tonic, not 

Laxative 47 

Indigestion — Dyspepsia — Pepsin — Treatment — 
Bad Breath — Flatulence — Constipation — Im- 
pure Blood 59 

Bladder Troubles — Colds — Kidney Diseases — Drop- 
sy — Rheumatism — Obesity 64 

The Family Medicine — That Spring Feeling— Humors 
and Eruptions — Boils and Abscesses — Carbuncles — 

Felons — Scrofula — - Malaria 69 




Some things can be best and most freely spoken of 
only by woman to woman. This 
Private little book is intended to give help- 

Counsel ful private counsel about some of 

to Women. these things. Let the reader im- 

agine herself to be seated in some 
cosy nook for a confidential chat about them with a 
friendly woman whom she trusts. 

Women have joys of their own which men either do 
not have or have in less degree. Of the former, the 
chief joy is the joy of motherhood. Fatherhood 
means much, but motherhood implies an infinitely 
more intimate and tender relation having entirely dis- 
tinct elements. Home means more to woman than 

to man. Woman is naturally the 
Woman's home-builder and home-keeper, 

Joys and whilst man's work is generally out- 

Sufferings, side of the home. The domestic 

and family affections are, if not 
stronger, certainly more exclusive and absorbing in 
women than in men — they are woman's very life, 
whilst much of man's life is independent of them. 

Woman, too, finds a peculiar happiness in retaining 
childhood's trust and feeling of dependence for pro- 
tection upon a stronger nature; man's instinct, on 



the contrary, gives him joy in battling for himself and 
for others. 

Turning now to the darker side of life, we find that 
the same is true with regard to pain and suffering. 
Woman has pains and sufferings different from those 
of man. Some are of the mind — others of the body. 
Passing by the mental sufferings, let us consider the 
physical ones. 

Consider that very joy of motherhood. At what 
a cost of physical suffering it is purchased every 
mother knows — man can only guess. The nervous 
system of woman, intimately connected with her 
power to become a mother, is peculiarly delicate; 
and, when disordered, it brings pains which man, 
formed for rougher work than is woman, does not 
feel. Then, " like sweet bells jangled, out of tune and 
harsh," it produces terrible discords, a woe that is 
purely feminine. 

When the head throbs and the back aches, when 
the wretched sufferer becomes wild with hysterics, 
and every fancied ailment seems real to her; when 
she is now weeping and wailing, now laughing mirth- 
lessly and uncontrollably; when, again, she becomes 
melancholic, a prey to sad forebodings without cause 
then man may look on with wonder, but hardly with 

When the organs peculiar to woman are displaced 
or disordered, and pangs shoot through her like 
winged, piercing arrows or darting needle-points, 
man may study of all this in books, or question the 
sufferer as to the indescribable pain, but all must still 



remain to him a world of woe ever unknown and 

So it is to other women that such 
Women must sufferers naturally turn for sym- 
be Helped pathy and help. The husband may 

by Women. be of all the world nearest and dear- 
est to the wife, but he is little more 
than a helpless spectator of this distress — some 
womanly neighbor or friend must supply the comfort 
and advice which he cannot. The father may have 
shielded and loved his daughter from her birth, been 
ever her chosen adviser, jolly comrade and dearest 
friend, but in troubles of this kind he seems to her 
almost a stranger, and it is to the mother that she 
turns for help. 

It is only reluctantly, and as a last resort, that a 
woman carries these troubles to any man, even the 
medical man from whom alone she can secure the 
knowledge and skill which must be had. She must 
do so at the expense of her natural inclination, of her 
innate delicacy and reserve; and, as it were, under 

Fortunately, it is seldom nee- 
Medical Skill essary for a woman, if she know 
Seldom where best she may look for help 

Needed. from a sister woman, to consult 

medical men in these troubles. In 
rare cases, of course, nothing will avail save the sur- 
geon's skill, but almost always there is more certain 
help to be had from a woman than any medical man 
knows how to provide. 



One woman, Mrs. Lydia E. Pink- 
Lydia E. Pink- ham, was often called to help her 
ham, Woman's neighbors and friends who suffered 
Helper. from the diseases and ailments of 

women. It was only the friendly 
unpaid service given freely to those who naturally 
turned for help to the first woman whom they could 
trust, but she delighted in rendering it, and gave the 
subject much careful thought and study. 

So, after a time, she learned to select the most po- 
tent roots and herbs, and to steep and compound 
from them a simple medicine, but one which almost 
always relieved and cured even when physicians 
failed. Nothing else would do the good which this 
medicine did. She gave it away freely, and more and 
more its fame was spread by grateful women. It be- 
came plain that it was needed throughout the world, 
and that it would be wrong not to have the knowledge 
of so great a blessing spread far and wide. 

All this was about fifty years ago. Then Lydia E. 
Pinkham began to make this, her Vegetable Com- 
pound, in large quantities and put it upon the market; 
and from the proceeds of its sales to spend large sums 
in making its virtues known by judicious advertising. 
Wherever it was once tried, it became its own best ad- 
vertisement, for the great work which it did for ailing 
women was seen and told; and others, suffering from 
like ailments, flocked to the stores to buy. 

At first it was prepared upon a kitchen stove, but 
rapidly one place after another was outgrown by it 
until a great laboratory was needed, and rose, story 



above story, towards the sky, with enormous tanks 
in which millions and millions of bottles of the great 
medicine were carefully compounded and made ready 
for use. 

Nor was this all. Just as Lydia 
Lydia E. Pink- E. Pinkham, when she gave her 
ham's Advice medicine to neighbors who used to 
to Women. come to her for help, was wont to 

add her sympathy and advice, to 
tell them how best to use her medicine, and how to 
care for their health, so that they might the most 
quickly become well, so she tried to give the same 
help to the great multitudes of women who after- 
wards bought the compound, very few of whom she 
could meet face to face. 

Lydia E. Pinkham made it known that all who 
would write her in confidence she would answer fully 
and without charge. Letters began to pour in. 
Each letter was carefully considered, and as carefully 
answered — a great task. But she kept careful notes 
of her answers. In those rare cases involving some 
knotty point which she could not answer as she 
wished, she consulted a good physician and kept 
notes of what he said. Thus, after a while, she had 
met almost every possible case of women's ailments, 
and when new letters came she seldom found much 
to do except to look back for a like case and answer 
from the notes which she had preserved. 

This lightened the work, but it rapidly became too 
great for any one person to deal with alone. From 



hundreds the letters grew to thous- 
Lydia £• ands, then to tens of thousands un- 

Pinkham's til there came a year in which to the 

Assistants. great laboratory came more than 

one hundred thousand of these let- 
ters. To deal with this mass of correspondence 
Lydia E. Pinkham first called for the help of the 
women of her own family. Then she employed other 
women as secretaries to write for her, and at her dic- 
tation, the answers. Gradually she trained suitable 
women to classify the cases presented, and to select 
from the storehouse of knowledge in her notes the 
fit answer. Mainly from this storehouse letters are 
still answered, as wisely and as fully as ever they have 

That the answers are wise and 
Advice helpful, and that Lydia E. Pink- 

Proved ham's Vegetable Compound is ef- 

Good. fective, is shown by the letters of 

the many, very many, who wrote 
when desperately ill and despondent; r\nd who, after 
taking the advice given in reply, have thankfully 
testified in their final letters that they had become 
well. Many consented that their letters be made 
public, and the advertisements came to be often little 
more than statements of what the medicine does, 
proved by the letters of those whom it had cured. 

In this booklet will be found much of the informa- 
tion and advice that Lydia E. Pinkham used to give 
to those who wrote her when suffering from the most 
frequent ailments of women. 



Woman is designed by Providence to be a mother 
Though this design may fail in 
Women some individual cases, it is to this 

Intended to end that woman is endowed with all 
be Mothers. that makes her woman. So it is 
natural that the wife hopes to have 
a family of children to grow up around her, and that, 
at last, she may see her children's children in turn 
around her. Should our women not become mothers 
our country would disappear, and America fade into 
the past as have Greece and Rome. 

The mothers must be strong, they must be healthy 
or their children will be weaklings, and future genera- 
tions fail to equal those of the past. The existence 
and the character of all future generations is de- 
pendent upon the mothers, especially upon the health 
of the mothers and their physical fitness for mother- 
hood. We must never forget that "the hand that 
rocks the cradle rules the world." 

Few good things come by chance, 
Early Train- but many evils. The untilled 
ing for Future ground bears weeds, not harvests. 
Mothers. So our girls must be so reared and 

trained that they may be fit to be- 
come good mothers. The school-girls of today will 



be the mothers of tomorrow. It is the solemn duty 
of their own mothers to see that they are fitted for 
this, to carefully watch the unfolding and develop- 
ment of the womanly nature, and train it as the gar- 
dener trains his vines in order that they may bear the 
best fruit. 

Ignorance often leads to ill-health, and sometimes 
to permanent invalidism. The young girl needs to 
be told about her own nature, and how to care for 
her body and keep it in health, to be preserved from 
violating the laws of health through ignorance of 
them. Her mother can best do this, and should do it 
tactfully, delicately, but plainly. 

That is a false modesty which restrains the mother 
from doing this. It is the prude who neglects it 
because she shrinks from touching at all upon this 
immensely important subject, leaving the girl to pass 
unseeing and unknowing amidst a thousand perils, 
perils certainly to her health, possibly perils to her 
morals. Remember, it is God who formed woman 
for motherhood, and "what God has cleansed, call 
not thou common or unclean." 

Some may answer that women do 
Women not wish to become mothers. 

Wish Whether they actually become so 

Children. or not, they still have that physical 

mother-nature of woman, and they 
must know how to preserve this in health, or else 
suffer grievously. But the charge that women do not 
wish to become mothers is one of the greatest of many 
gross and unfair libels which women have had to en~ 


dure in silence. They are the few and unnatural who 
would not prefer this normal privilege of womankind. 

Many whose ill-health debarred them from 
motherhood have written to Mrs. Pinkham begging 
to know how this impediment might be removed ; and 
many of these have afterwards been enabled to re- 
joice over healthy children. Few have sought to 
know how they might live the life of the childless wife, 
and for those few Lydia E. Pinkham has had no 

There are those whom fate has denied not merely 
children, but husband and home. These must sub- 
mit to their lot with resignation if they can, perhaps, 
at last, with contentment, but it is not a destiny 
which a true woman would choose for herself. Thank 
God! the glory of motherhood which found its 
culmination in the Madonna will never depart, for it 
is founded deep in woman's nature. 




Neither the very young nor the old are capable of 
becoming mothers. The time of 
What Women life during which woman has this 
May be great privilege is that when she 

Mothers. ought naturally to be most vigor- 

ous, and in the best physical condi- 
tion. This lasts some thirty or thirty-five years, 
beginning in temperate climates like this of the 
United States at about the age of fourteen years. 

The first few years of this time should be years of 
preparation and development; the body is still im- 
mature and marriage and motherhood are best de- 
ferred until at least the age of eighteen or twenty. 
So, too, the last years of this time are not the best 
ones in which a woman may become a mother; in 
these years the capacity for maternity is apt to be 
gradually withdrawn, a process known as the 
"Change of Life." 

This entire time of possible moth- 
Periodic erhood carries with it special func- 
Cleansing. tions of the body appropriate to 
such a time. Minute ova or eggs 
are formed, which when fertilized may develop and 
produce children. Rich blood should be formed in 
especial abundance, so that it may be ready not only 
to feed all the organs and structures of the body, but 
also to develop the child that is to be. 



When the eggs are not fertilized, neither they nor 
the blood destined for the child's development are 
needed. They are expelled like other waste. This 
should occur once every four weeks, leaving a new 
supply to be formed. This process of cleansing is 
called menstruation, and is a very important process 

In perfect health menstruation 
Disturbances would begin at about the age of 
of This fourteen years, continue for from 

Function. three to five days, and recur regu- 

larly once in every twenty-eight 
days, or very nearly that time, until the age of forty- 
five or a little later. Being a natural process, it 
should be painless. The amoimt of blood lost at 
each time would be just equal to the surplus pro- 
duced, leaving the woman in the best condition. 
That amount varies in different individuals, averag- 
ing from four to eight ounces. 

But this healthy beginning, continuance and end 
of the menstrual function, as this process is called, 
is subject to derangement in all sorts of ways. The 
function may be delayed bej^ond the proper age, and 
even fail altogether of appearance. The flow ma}- 
be too little or too infrequent, or continue for too 
short a time. These are cases of deficient flow. On 
the contrary, it may begin at too early an age, may be 
too great in amount, too frequent, or too long con- 
tinued. These are cases of excessive flow. Again, 
the intervals between its occurrence may be so irregu- 
lar as to be sometimes too long and at other times too 



Hardly any woman is so thoroughly healthy and 
strong that the process is not attended by at least 
some discomfort, but this discomfort should not 
amount to actual pain. Still, few altogether escape 
pain at these times, and with many the pain is intense. 
The greatest risk of these evils is to young girls, when 
the function is first becoming established, and to 
women at the " Change of Life," whom it is beginning 
to leave. Another possibility is that the function 
may cease several years before it should. 

When the girl begins to develop into a woman, ig- 
norance, neglect, or mischance may cause many 
things to interfere with the process. One of the 
worst is a sudden chill or a bad cold. 
Perils in Others are over- work, exposure, late 

Establishment hours, carelessness in lifting heavy 
of the articles, and too much study or care 

Function. at the critical time. A girl may lack 

vitality and require nourshment 
and building up, and for want of this have no men- 
strual flow or an insufficient one. Others who are 
robust and full-blooded may have had the flow 
checked or prevented by some of the causes just 
named, and become abnormally fat and sluggish, from 
the clogging of the system with superfluous material. 

There is no time in the life of a 
On the girl that brings so much positive 

Threshold of danger as the period of her first 
Womanhood. menstruation. It is then that she 
needs all the advice and care a good 
mother can bestow. The moments that the girl is 



then passing through are so critical and may have 
such far-reaching effects upon her future happiness 
and health, that it is almost criminal for a mother 
or guardian to withhold counsel and advice. Many 
a woman has suffered years of prolonged pain and 
misery through having been the victim of thought- 
lessness or ignorance on the part of those who should 
have guided her through the dangers and difficulties 
that beset this period. 

The mother of any girl who is 
A Few passing through this monthly dis- 

Simple Rules, turbance should be very careful to 
guard her in every possible way. 
Knowing the difficulties and dangers of the period, 
and the manner in which the human frame is liable to 
be attacked by all kinds of minor ills, from a feel- 
ing of depression and lassitude, to headaches,want of 
spirit, and utter fatigue, every care should be exer- 
cised that the sufferer be entirely free from any an- 
noyance or irritating influence. 

Everything possible should be done to throw to the 
winds all those dark forebodings which may come 
upon the brightest of girls at this period. Be agree- 
able and cheerful in their company, expect little 
from them, but be prepared to render much. 

It is most important that every care should be 
taken to prevent the patient from taking cold. This 
does not imply that an indoor life is to be led during 
this period. Rather should activity be aimed at so 
long as it is not of a violent nature. 



A sudden chill is most dangerous when one is in a 
menstrual condition, and every care must be exer- 
cised to guard against it. 

Intense mental excitement should be avoided. 
The extremes of merriment or anger, laborious study, 
or brain activity of any kind, are alike matters which 
may cause great injury. 

Women who must earn their 
Women living by sheer hard work have 

Who Work. cause to always dread the period of 

menstruation. Nature cries out 
for them to rest, to lie down, to refrain from all exer- 
tion and excitement. The wheels of industry grind 
steadily on, allowing no respite or freedom. 

In workshops, at the loom, or in close and stuffy 
factories, women have to suffer untold tortures dur- 
ing the few days when they are at their worst. 

Wlien it is fully borne in mind the positive hard- 
ships young women have to endure, it hardly seems 
possible that they can pass through this stage of mis- 
ery and pain without permanent injury being done, 
not only to their physical health, but to their mental 
outlook upon life. 

Take, for instance, the case of the 
The saleswoman who for long hours has 

Sales- to stand behind a counter, with 

woman. ever a smile upon her face, no mat- 

ter how great her suffering, with 
many a disagreeable customer to serve. This is not 
only a hardship, but to be obliged to be on one's feet 
constantly without relief is an actual danger to health. 



Employers should do all in their power to lighten the 
burden of their workers at such times. Yet the task 
has its difficulties. The average woman with true 
modesty refrains from making her troubles known, 
where often a kind heart would be only too ready to 
relieve her of many of her burdens. 

All women should prepare themselves for the trials 
that will overtake them by preparing their bodies to 
meet the strain that menstruation brings. Lydia E. 
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound acts in just the 
way that is necessary. It strengthens the generative 
organs, and allows them to perform their functions 
with ease and regularity. By its aid the regularly 
recurring periods car be faced with confidence, and 
overcome with ease. 

In all cases where there is rea- 
Lydia E. Pink- son to fear that anything is wrong 
ham's Compound with regard to this process of 
Preserves Health, menstruation, no precaution is 
more valuable than the prompt 
use of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. 
This medicine is designed to meet every variety of de- 
rangement of the function. It contains nothing 
that can injure, and has great power to tone up and 
strengthen the organs concerned, so that they will 
work in a healthy and normal manner. 

Slight disturbing influences, which, if unchecked, 
might bring about a serious condition, can readily be 
overcome by a few doses of this medicine taken in 
season. Even when the condition has become seri- 
ous, a persistent and faithful use of the medicine, 



with the observance of proper rules of health, will 
seldom fail. 

In cases of deficient menstrua- 
Deficient tion, the best form in which to take 

Flow. the Vegetable Compound is the 

liquid, as furnished in bottles. In 
such cases care should be taken that the other pro- 
cesses by which the body rids itself of waste material 
should be in full and free operation. The skin 
should be kept active by frequent baths, and some- 
times it is well to cause profuse sweating. This may 
be done by active exercise, by placing the feet in hot 
water, by taking hot drinks and wrapping up closely 
in warm blankets, and in other ways. After sweat- 
ing, a cool sponging and friction with a rough towel 
will protect from the danger of a cold or sudden chill. 

The bowels should be thoroughly cleared daily. 
If there is any difficulty in securing this, Lydia E. 
Pinkham's Liver Pills may be taken. One of the 
best things is to take injections of very warm water 
(most effective if it be a little soapy) by means of a 
fountain syringe, taking a quart or more at a time if 
possible. Drink plenty of pure water; if tea is used, 
it should be weak. 

When menstruation is excessive, 
Excessive a somewhat similar course should be 

Flow. pursued; some exercise should be 

taken in the open air and sunshine, 
avoiding violent exercise and over-work. The Veg- 
etable Compound should be taken in the dry form. 
In this form the medicinal elements are the same as 


in the liquid form, but the dry form is better adapted 
to these cases. (Generally it is best to take Lydia 
E. Pinkham's Blood Medicine also.) 

When the function is not per- 
Irregular formed at the right time the case is 

Menstruation, not like that of a watch which is 
set to go too fast or too slow and 
needs only to have the rate of speed changed, since a 
watch can be run just as perfectly at one rate as an 
other; the case is more like that of a watch which 
becomes clogged and needs cleaning, and may gain 
time constantly, or may lose time constantly; but 
there is a third possibility, and that is that it may 
sometimes gain and sometimes lose. 

So there are cases of irregularity of menstruation 
when at times it may be too frequent and profuse, 
then a reaction comes wherein the reverse occurs, 
with, again, a reaction causing excessive action. 

Persistent use of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable 
Compound will almost always remove the disturbing 
causes and regulate the time. The fluid form of the 
Compound is the one usually preferred; but if, in 
spite of variations, there is, on the whole, too much 
flow in the space of several months, it may be well to 
consider the general effect of the disturbance of the 
function as excessive action, and treat it like other 
such cases by the use of the Compound in dry form. 

As has been said above, menstru- 

Painful ation ought not to be attended by 

Menstruation, pain. When considerable pain is 

experienced, it is because the body 

generally (or, more probably, some portion of the 



organs of reproduction) is not in a thoroughly healthy 
and normal condition. There are five principal 
kinds of disturbances attended with such pain — the 
neuralgic, due to disorder of the nerves; the conges- 
tive, due to local congestion; the obstructive, due 
to something which obstructs the passage; mem- 
branous, where portions of the lining membrane 
come away; and ovarian, which has its source in 
the ovaries where the eggs or germs originate. 

It is not always easy or even possible to determine 
in any given case by which one or more of these dis- 
turbances the pain is caused, but they are often 
clearly distinguishable. 

Neuralgic pain of this kind is from 
Neuralgic. general rather than local causes. 

It resembles neuralgia in other por- 
tions of the body, and arises from similar causes, 
such as excessive mental application, exposure to 
cold and damp, rheumatism, or anything which pro- 
duces weakness and lack of tone in the nervous sys- 
tem. The pain may be sharp and fixed, or piercing 
and darting; usually it is confined to the region of 
the reproductive organs, but sometimes it may extend 
down one thigh or up into one of the shoulders, or 
be felt over the entire abdomen. It begins several 
hours before the flow; sometimes it disappears when 
the flow begins, but sometimes it continues, though 
usually with less severity. 

Congestive or inflammatory dis- 
Congestive. turbances seem to come from some 

local derangement. They may be 
caused by exposure to wet and cold at menstrual 


periods; by displacements of the womb; morbid 
growths or tumors in the womb, or chronic inflamma- 
tion in that region. The pain is severe, continues as 
long as the flow lasts, and is generally attended by 
fever, a rapid and full pulse, headache, nausea, con- 
stipation and nervous irritability. 

Obstructive difficulties come 
Obstructive. from something which mechanically 
impedes the flow. It may be an 
undue contraction in soise part of the organs, a small 
polypus or morbid growth, or a bend or displacement 
of the womb. These cause the blood to accumulate 
and distend the womb till a violent contraction pro- 
duces paroxysms of severe pain until the blood is at 
last expelled, usually in a thick, clotted form. 

Membranous troubles are not 
Membranous, frequent, and their causes are ob- 
scure. In such cases the membrane 
which lines the womb comes away, either in a single 
piece or in shreds. This is supposed to result from 
inflammation with extreme congestion and irritation, 
and is sometimes, but not always, connected with 
ulceration or other diseased conditions of the womb. 
Pain from this cause, and sometimes from obstruc- 
tive causes, somew T hat resembles that of childbirth, 
on account of the contractions caused in the violent 
expulsion of much material at once. The pain in 
membranous cases is of an expulsive character, set- 
ting in as soon as the menstrual flow begins, and in- 
creasing in severity until there is dilation sufficient to 


allow the mass to pass, which it usually does on the 
second or third day. 

Ovarian pain comes from a 
Ovarian. chronic inflammation of the ovaries, 

the ripening and expulsion of the 
egg from an inflamed organ being painful. In this 
form there is a dull ache in the whole region extend- 
ing down the thighs; this is felt several days before 
the flow begins, and is often accompanied by sym- 
pathetic pains in the breasts, and by nausea and 
vomiting; the ovaries themselves become enlarged 
and tender. 

The treatment for all these forms 
Treatment. is very similar. When any special 

cause can be found by observation 
of the symptoms and conditions, ordinary hygienic 
treatment should be given to remove it; but in all 
cases the derangement of the generative organs can 
be best overcome by use of Lydia E. Pinkham's 
Vegetable Compound, which tones up and strength- 
ens these parts. The Compound should be taken 
faithfully and regularly all the month; the bowels 
should be kept open as before explained and the 
skin kept active by frequent baths. When the 
menstrual flow appears, if the pain is great it can 
be much relieved by a hot hip bath just before re- 
tiring to bed ; by hot foot baths, and by the applica- 
tion to the abdomen of flannel cloths wrung out of 
hot water. 



Though menstruation generally 
Change ceases to occur at an age somewhere 

of Life. between forty-five and fifty years, 

it may come to an end at a much 
earlier age, and sometimes it may continue until the 
age of fifty-five. 

This change is generally marked by some irregu- 
larity and by disturbances of health which are some- 
times very serious. The process differs very much 
with various individuals. With some women men- 
struation stops abruptly and does not return; with 
others there is a period of irregularity more or less 
prolonged; with others still there may be a gradual 
decrease extending over a term of years and ending in 
the complete cessation of the function. 

Many strange deviations from regularity occur 
as the change approaches; at times the discharge will 
be scanty, at others profuse; a catarrhal discharge 
may take its place for a time, and then menstruation 
become again regular. Then there will be no flow 
for months, followed by profuse and excessive flowing. 
When menstruation ceases gradually, there is less 
disturbance to the nervous system and constitution 
than where there is great irregularity. At the cessa- 
tion of menstruation the mission of the ovaries and 
womb is finished, and childbearing becomes impos- 

In addition to the menstrual irregularities attend- 
ing this change, there is often melancholy, great de- 
pression, nervousness, irritability, headache, dizzi- 
ness, a sense of fulness or suffocation, constipation; 


the appetite is variable, the digestion is disturbed, 
and the heart palpitates. The most severe effects 
are frequently produced by a disturbance of the ner- 
vous system known as "heat flushes" — waves of 
heat appeariDg to pass over the body, causing the 
face to be very red, and producing headache and 

As the time for the change approaches, the general 
health should be watched carefully, for if this period 
of life be passed over safely, many years of perfect 
health may be enjoyed. Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege 
table Compound is a great tonic, acting directly upon 
the womb and ovaries; it builds up the nervous sys- 
tem, aids digestion, and strengthens the whole body. 
It can be relied upon to cany you safely through this 
most critical period of a woman's life. If there is a 
tendency to excessive flow, the dry form of Com- 
pound should be taken. Keep the bowels open with 
Lydia E. Pinkham's Liver Pills, rest from physical 
labors as far as possible, and be out in the open air 
and sunshine all you can. 




The wife who is disappointed in her hope for 
children should not readily despair. 
Sterility. There are, occasionally, cases of 

malformation which make mother- 
hood impossible, but these are rare, like the birth oi 
children with a limb or organ missing. Fortunately, 
such monstrosities are but seldom produced, and in- 
curable barrenness is an extremely rare condition. 

There are, of course, a great many women who can- 
not have children, but almost always this is due to 
removable causes. It might be an extremely un- 
fortunate thing both for mother and child, if children 
could be born from women having abnormal condi- 
tions of body which now prevent such a result. First 

let the woman get into a healthy 
Treatment. and normal condition, and then, 

when she is fit to have children, 
there is little fear of barrenness. Some of the condi- 
tions, which disappoint the hope of children are dis- 
placement of the womb, constriction of the tubes 
leading from the ovaries, local catarrhal conditions,, 
obstructed menstruation, and abnormal growths or 
tumors. Any one who understands the process of re- 
production can see how many of these things obstruct 
it and need to be removed. It is explained in differ- 


ent parts of this work how Lydia E. PinkhanV , Vege- 
table Compound acts as a cure for these evils. 

This medicine also has a general effect to strengtken 
and tone up the entire reproductive system, so that it 
may work in every respect effectually as Nature in- 
tends. If anything whatever is wrong with any of 
the organs of reproduction, preparation for pregnancy 
should be made by a course of treatment with this 
invaluable medicine. 

During pregnancy there is usually 
Indications of no menstruation, and this is geo- 
Pregnancy. erally the first and most striking in- 

dication of a pregnant condition. 
Then nausea and vomiting in the morning are apt to 
occur, the rings of color around the nipples grow 
darker, and the breasts may become swollen and 
painful. If the woman is not in the best physical 
condition, there is likely to be pain in the lower part 
of the back, also a morbid longing for unusual articles 
of food, and a disposition toward fanciful ideas. 
These symptoms vary much according to the indivi- 
dual and her circumstances, depending largely upon 
her physical condition, the care she gives her health 
(the condition of the bowels being especially impor- 
tant), her habits, and the amount of exercise taken. 

Soon after conception the womb 
Morning drops to a lower position in the 

Sickness. body, and gradually increases in 

size and weight, this becoming 
evident usually during the second and third months. 
At the fourth month it rises again into the abdominal 


cavity. The disagreeable sensations experienced in 
the early months of pregnancy result from the low 
position of the womb. During the first three months 
nausea and vomiting are likely to occur in the morn- 
ings, and may generally be prevented or relieved by 
taking before getting out of bed a little light food with 
a cup of weak tea or black coffee, or a glass of milk, to 
which two tablespoonfuls of lime water have been 

The womb in its lower position is 
Constipation. liable to press against the lower 
bowel and cause serious trouble by 
producing constipation. From this, serious effects 
often result. The enlarged and hardened lower bowel 
presses the womb forwards, obstructing the passage of 
water which is effected only with difficulty and pain. 
The pressure also obstructs the flow of blood in the 
veins, producing congestion in the lower bowel, which 
causes piles. 

In all cases of constipation the blood and entire 
body are more or less poisoned by the absorption of 
the waste which is retained. The way to avoid all 
this is to take especial care at that time to secure a 
regular free daily movement of the bowels, the meth- 
ods for doing which have already been pointed out. 

During pregnancy the breasts 
The Breasts. are gradually being prepared for 
their office in furnishing nutriment 
for the child. Care should early be taken to assist 
this process. The clothing should be loose and not 
allowed to so press upon the breasts as to prevent 


their enlarging and rounding out. If the nipples are 
somewhat flat, they should be pulled out gently each 
day with the fingers. At the entrance upon the last 
month of pregnancy a beginning should be made at 
hardening the nipples, in order that they may not be 
too tender when the child begins to nurse, and that 
fissures and cracks may not form in them. For this 
purpose should be applied to them each morning, with 
absorbent cotton, a mixture of one fluid ounce of 
glycerite of tannin with one fluid ounce of pure 

Some care is necessary to prevent 
Miscarriage. the possibility of miscarriage. 
When the usual times for menstrua- 
tion approach, the danger is greater, for the habit, 
acquired by the body, of discharging the contents of 
the womb at these times may have some effect even 
in pregnancy; so especial care must then be taken to 
avoid violent exertion, particularly any unusual lift- 
ing. Excessive grief, or shock to the system, is dan- 
gerous, and should be avoided if possible. If the 
woman has had a previous miscarriage, still greater 
care is necessary. 

If there is the least reason to fear a miscarriage, 
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound should be 
taken regularly. This medicine strengthens the 
walls of the womb, quiets the first approach of pain, 
controls spasmodic contractions and brings about 
healthy conditions, thereby proving a reliable pre- 
ventive of miscarriage. 



The increased work which preg- 
General nancy imposes upon the physical 

Health. system is naturally an added strain, 

and needs sound health and the best 
possible condition of the organs especially involved. 
To assist in this, the general tonic effect of Lydia E. 
Pinkham ? s Vegetable Compound, with its special 
action upon the sexual organs, renders it of great im- 
portance. It should be taken in liquid form, and 
when used regularly will prove an almost absolute 
safeguard against complications. 

Another precaution is to avoid overdoing; the 
added strain upon the body makes it unwisetosubject 
it to unusual efforts, which might not at other times 
prove harmful. Many women are constitutionally 
weak, and should be on their feet as little as possible, 
frequently resting themselves by lying down. 

The diet in pregnancy is of es- 
Diet. pecial importance. The food taken 

should be nutritious, but not of a 
heating or stimulating nature. Fats and sweets 
should be especially avoided, and less meat should be 
consumed than at other times. A little lean meat, 
the best beef, underdone mutton, or chickens, are 
best when any meat is taken. 

The principal articles of diet to produce the best 
results are grains and their products, such as good 
bread, vegetables, and all the fruits that can be 
eaten and relished. 

The eating of those articles of food containing the 
mineral elements that build up the bony structure, 


tends to make childbirth difficult and painful. If an 
easy time is desired — and who does not desire 
it? — avoid those articles of food such as beans, barley, 
rye, oats, and most meats, and eat much fruit and 

Severe exercise and too hard work 
Exercise, Air, are hurtful to a pregnant woman, 
and Dress. but light exercise and an active, 

cheerful life are of the greatest 
benefit. Plenty of sleep should be taken, and the 
woman should take a good rest frequently when feel- 
ing tired; but, so far as is consistent with this, she 
should be active, exercise regularly, and do much in 
the open air. The rooms in which she lives and 
sleeps should be thoroughly ventilated. Common 
sense should tell everyone that when the body has 
need to enlarge, as it does in this condition, the cloth- 
ing should be easy and loose, and not bind or feel 
tight. A trim, slender appearance is not appropriate 
nor desirable at this time, and no attempt should be 
made to secure it in any degree. 

Next to the diet, perhaps the 
Bathing. most important thing is the use of 

baths. These are very necessary, 
and should be taken at least once a day. A sponge 
bath is excellent, or rubbing the whole body with a 
wet towel, followed by friction with a dry one. Cool 
baths are refreshing, and prevent a feeling of heat and 
discomfort, which is likely to be very noticeable if 
they are neglected. 

The best bath, which should be used daily, is what 
is called the sitz bath, or sitting in cool water. Bath- 



tubs especially for this use are to be found in the best 
appointed bathrooms and bathing establishments, 
but for ordinary homes a tin tub designed to be used 
conveniently for this purpose can be bought, or an 
ordinary washtufe can be tipped up and supported by 
bricks or blocks under one edge of the botom, so 
that one can easily sit in it. 

Begin with water at a temperature of ninety 
degrees; use it a little cooler every day or two, until 
for the last three months or so it is no warmer than 
sixty degrees. Sit in the water from three to eight 
minutes every day, rubbing dry and warm after it, 
and then he down and rest thoroughly, taking a nap 
if possible. The best time for this bath is at about 
ten or twelve o'clock in the morning; if this time is in- 
convenient, take it just before going to bed at night. 

A woman who has suffered much discomfort from 
pregnancy and childbirth will find these experiences 
altogether different, and hardly to be dreaded, if. 
next time, she follows these instructions as to diet 
and the cool sitting baths, and whenever she fails to 
get along right in any way, takes Lydia E. Pinkham's 
Vegetable Compound as directed. 




One of the most common and wearing ailments of 
women is falling of the womb. 
Falling of This is apt to be caused by any severe 

the Womb. or long-continued strain, as from lift- 

ing heavy weights, reaching up for 
articles placed too high above the head, jumping 
violently on the hard ground or floor, excessive 
dancing, violent coughing, constipation, and suspend- 
ing heavy skirts from the waist; also by tight-lacing, 
which presses the womb down. 

The reason why strains have this effect is plain. 
The womb is intended to be held up in its place by 
strong muscles and ligaments. If these are weakened 
or over-strained in any way, so as to become unable 
to hold the womb in place, it sags down and produces 
an unnatural condition, causing a terrible dragging- 
down or bearing-down sensation, with constant dis- 
comfort and weariness. 

Other symptoms of this trouble 

Symptoms. are a sensation of fulness around the 

lower extremity of the bowels; a 

dragging feeling in the groin; dull pains in the small 

©f the back, which increase on exertion; diffiulty in 



relieving the bowels; frequent desire to urinate, with 
difficulty in doing so; and painful menstruation. 
Naturally the patient becomes easily tired, and is 
much relieved by lying down. 

The increased weight of the 
Effect of womb during pregnancy causes an 

Pregnancy. unusual strain upon the supporting 

muscles and ligaments, so that a 
pregnant woman should take special care to avoid 
falling of the womb. Sometimes the strain in giving 
birth to children, or the going about too early after 
childbirth, causes falling of the womb. 

The mother should remain in bed for from two to 
six weeks after the child is born and take Lydia E. 
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound regularly. Its in- 
gredients are the very best that could be prescribed 
to put the muscular system into excellent tone. 

As the womb is out of sight what 
Nature of happens to it from want of muscu- 

the Trouble. lar strength and tone may perhaps 
be better understood from a com- 
parison with visible parts of the body which are liable 
to be somewhat similarly affected, but not with so 
serious results. Take the breasts, for instance. 
Look at the best paintings and statues, ancient and 
modern, representing the nude female figure, such as 
the famous old representations of Venus. The 
breasts stand out full, firm and rounded, needing 
no support. Compare, then, the pictures of the 
naked savages of Africa or other countries, which 
are sometimes seen in magazines and in books of 


travel. The breasts, often large, are apt to be pen- 
dulous, hanging down to the abdomen like elon- 
gated bags. In modern civilized countries, whilst 
the most healthy and vigorous girls may have 
breasts like the Venus, very many women need the 
support of stays that they may not approach more 
nearly the figure of the savage woman. 

Another instance is that of the abdomen as a 
whole. Let a person of either sex grow extremely 
corpulent and allow the muscles to grow weak and 
flabby for want of exercise, and the entire abdomen 
is enlarged and sags down in a very conspicuous 

These are simply instances of the same thing 
which happens to the womb, and from the same 
cause — lack of muscular strength and tone. 

Unless some sudden strain rup- 
Cure. tures or disables a ligament, falling 

of the womb generally comes on 
gradually, and if taken in season there is little diffi- 
culty in curing it. Long-standing and severe cases 
require more time and patience for a cure, but can 
generally be greatly relieved, if not entirely remedied. 

The first thing to be done is to remove all strain, 
even such as would not be injurious in a state of per- 
fect health. Remove all pressure of clothing, hang- 
ing the clothes from the shoulders; keep the bowels 
open, Lydia E. Pinkham's Liver Pills being excellent 
for this purpose; urinate frequently; do not over- 
work; and take plenty of rest in a reclining position. 
If the muscles of your arm were lame, you would rest 


them; the same should be done with other weak or 
lame muscles. Eat only easily digestible articles, 
but let them be nourishing. 

Then for medicine take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege- 
table Compound, and it will work like a charm. It 
is a wonderful tonic, especially adapted to the region 
affected, and will cause all the organs to draw up into 
place in a healthy manner. 

Sometimes the womb does not 
Other Dis- fall much, the muscles and liga- 

placements. ments which hold it up remaining 
strong enough to keep it very 
nearly in its proper place, but some of them which 
support its upper portion give way, so that it is tipped 
either backwards, or, less frequently, forwards, and 
doubled or bent in a very uncomfortable manner. 
The same treatment should be given to these cases, 
and will prove equally effective. 

The womb, like other organs, is 
Inflammation subject to inflammation from vari- 
of the Womb, ous causes. One of the most com- 
mon is an unhealthy condition of 
the blood; others are irregular and painful menstru- 
ation; and exposure to cold during the time of men- 
struation; also displacements of the womb, constipa- 
tion, tight clothing, cold douches, and improper use 
of pessaries. When there is inflammation of the 
ovaries, it is liable to extend to the womb. 

The symptoms of this inflam- 

Symptoms. mation are easily recognizable. 

There is a constant dull pain in the 

region of the womb; the abdomen swells, the parts 



are very tender, and the weight of the clothes can 
scarcely be borne; there may be chills and fever, ach* 
ingof -the back and legs, and pain when passing urine; 
there is also a sense of weight which causes a strain- 
ing, a burning heat, and a profuse discharge which 
will be mentioned later. 

It is essential in these cases to rest 
Treatment. warmly and quietly in bed, and to 

place hot applications upon the 
abdomen. A good way to do this is by means of 
flannel cloths wrung out of very hot water. Eat but 
lightly, keep the bowels active by the use of Lydia E. 
Pinkham's Liver Pills or otherwise, and for medicine 
be sure to take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com- 
pound, preferably in the dry form, with alternate 
doses of Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood Medicine, taking 
two doses of each every day. 

The White As has been said, inflammation 

Discharge. of the womb causes a profuse dis- 

charge therefrom. This is similar 
to what happens when one takes a severe cold in the 
head. The womb, like the nose and throat, is lined 
with a mucous membrane. This mucous membrane, 
in both cases, when heated and inflamed, secretes a 
thick fluid which serves partially to relieve the heat. 
The discharge from the womb in these cases is much 
like that from the nose in a cold, resembling pus, 
mucous, gluey or watery, ropy, or resembling the 
white of an egg. Just as this secretion in the head 
may become chronic, if neglected, in which case it is 
called catarrh; so, if neglected, the discharge from 
the womb becomes chronic. Single women may be 


affected in this way, but married women are likely 
to be so more constantly. 

The effect of a continued discharge of this kind is to 
make the patient pale and emaciated, with eyes dull 
and heavy, circulation poor, and stomach and bow- 
els deranged, having pains in the head and back, also 
bearing-down pains. She becomes melancholic, 
having "the blues, " and is often unable to have chil- 
dren until the disorder is cured. 

In treating this disorder it is 
Treatment. essential to strengthen and build 

up the whole system and restore 
the mucous membrane to a healthy condition. 
For this purpose take Lydia E. Pinkham's 
Vegetable Compound in accordance with the direc- 
tions on the package; it serves as a splendid tonic, 
and also acts directly upon the generative organs, 
and will strengthen them. The Liver Pills should be 
used to aid Nature in bringing about a free movement 
of the bowels daily A douche has much to do with 
relieving this condition, and should be used daily, 
preferably at night, just before retiring. Thor- 
oughly cleans^ the passage with a douche of warm 
water in which there is an antiseptic — either borax 
or ealeratus (if these are not obtainable Castile soap 
will do), following this with an astringent medicated 
douche of Lydia E. Pinkham's Sanative Wash, pre- 
pared according to directions on the bottle or package. 

When the discharge is not chronic, but attendant 
upon an acute attack of congestion of the womb, 
the douches recommended, in connection with the 


treatment directed for the inflammation, are suffi- 

The discharges from an inflamed 
Pruritus mucous membrane, of which men- 

or Itching. tion has just been made, are of an 

irritating nature. In the case of a 
cold in the head, they commonly produce raw and 
sore nostrils. In case of the like discharge from the 
womb the external organs of generation are apt to 
become so irritated that an intense itching torments 
the patient. Whilst the itching is often caused by 
this discharge, it may also be due to other similar 
causes, such as ulceration, impure blood, unclean- 
liness, kidney and bladder troubles, or the distur- 
bances sometimes incident to the " Change of Life." 

When this itching becomes severe 
Consequences, and almost intolerable, it is likely 
to produce the most deplorable re- 
sults. Besides inducing serious mischief from at- 
tempts to relieve it, it may so work upon the nerves 
as to cause sleeplessness, hysteria, despondency, and 
chorea or "St. Vitus' Dance." 

Whilst, then, this condition is rather a symptom 
of the ailments which produce it than a distinct dis- 
ease, it is important to relieve it as promptly as pos- 
sible. The best and only permanently effective 
treatment is the removal of the causes; but, mean- 
while, temporary palliatives for the condition itself 
become necessary. 



Perfect cleanliness is essential. 
Treatment. The parts affected should be bathed 

three times a day with hot water, 
and after each bath a lotion, such as cold cream or 
vaseline, should be applied. Sitz baths should be 
taken frequently and douches twice a day, as directed 
for the white discharge. The diet should be ample 
and nourishing, but highly seasoned foods and all 
kinds of stimulants or exciting drinks should be 
strictly avoided. Change of air is beneficial. 

The Vegetable Compound should be taken regu- 
larly in the dry form, with alternating doses of the 
Blood Medicine as directed in the case of the white 
discharge. If any other causes produce or contribute 
to the itching, every effort should be employed to 
remove them by proper treatment. 

Continued or neglected inflam- 
Ulceration of mation of the womb is apt to pro- 
the Womb. duce ulceration; indeed, when the 

conditions are especially bad, ulcers 
may form without much preceeding inflammation. 
An ulcer is defined in medical terms as "an effect of 
an inflamed process, in which the inflamed tissues 
degenerate," forming an open sore with a discharge 
of bloody mucous or pus. There may be various de- 
grees of ulceration; where it is slight the symptoms 
may not be marked ; but when the mucous membrane 
of the womb becomes extensively congested and in- 
flamed and ulceration follows, the discharge is profuse 
and the condition quite painful. Such an open sore 
drains the strength, impoverishes the blood, and is 


attended with severe pain in the back, bearing-down 
pains, and general nervous disorders. Walking is 
difficult, and menstruation is likely to be excessive 
with women affected in this way. 

One thing to be considered in these cases is that the 
cause may not be altogether local. Whilst there is 
necessarily some cause, possibly slight, why the ulcer- 
ation occurs in one place rather than another, it 
may be due to impure blood or some unhealthy con- 
dition which might cause eruptions, boils, abscesses, 
or ulcers in almost any part of the body. On the 
other hand, the trouble may be almost entirely local. 

But in all cases the general health is quite certain 
to be affected, and the first thing to be done is to 
builo^it up. Eat plain and nourishing food, exercise 
moderately, and keep in the open air as much as pos- 
sible. If circumstances permit, a change of air and 
surroundings is likely to be of benefit. Take Lydia 
E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound in alternate doses 
with her Blood Medicine, keep the bowels open, 
and take douches twice a day; following, in short, 
the same course of treatment directed for the white 

The Vegetable Compound will afford the best 
means of restoring to health the organs affected, and 
will tone up the entire system, whilst the wholesome 
living and the Blood Medicine will produce good 
blood and build up the general health. 

In most cases of ulceration a speedy cure cannot be 
expected, and long-continued persistence in the best 
treatment, as above indicated, is necessary. Such 


cases are too serious to be cured without much pa- 
tience; but, In the end, recovery may confidently be 

The womb and ovaries are parts 
Tumors. of the body where diseased growths 

or tumors, and even cancers, some- 
times occur. If it is certain that the unhealthy 
growth is a cancer, consult the best medical skill at 
once, and do not attempt to deal with it otherwise, 
for this is a frightful disease which usually baffles 
even the best surgeons. But remember that many, 
many growths have been called cancers which were, 
in reality, only ordinary tumors. 

These are indeed bad enough, though they do not 
have the malignant characteristics of cancers. Yet 
tumors are often dissolved and expelled when early 
discovered if proper treatment is adopted. 

Tumors usually come at some 
Symptoms. time in middle life. The symp- 

toms are very much the same 
whether the growth is in the uterus or in the ovaries. 
One of the most common symptoms is enlargement 
of the abdomen, with excessive menstruation. Be- 
tween the menstrual periods there is often a watery or 
discolored discharge, and dropsy or pregnancy is apt 
to be suspected from the increase of size. The pres- 
sure on the bladder and lower bowels may cause 
constipation and retention of urine, and severe 
bearing-down pains and pains in the region of the 
ovaries and in the legs are likely to be felt. 



In extreme cases, and when the 
Surgical tumor has been allowed to become 

Treatment. extremely large, it may be that 

nothing but surgical treatment will 
be effective. But this is a dreadful necessity, and 
in many cases surgical operations are submitted to 
when not necessary. Some medical men have been 
altogether too ready to resort to the knife, though 
there are signs that this is becoming less common. 
In many cases the ovaries, the most essential organs 
of womanhood, have been needlessly removed, often 
leaving the woman a pitiable invalid for life. 

The important thing is to dis- 
Medical cover the tumor in its first stage, 

Treatment. while medical treatment is 

sufficient. Whenever a case has 
not become almost desperate, the correct course is to 
try first the use of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable 
Compound. This establishes a better circulation 
through the womb, relieves the congestion in the 
surrounding parts, and gives strength and tone to the 
smaller blood-vessels, controlling the haemorrhage 
and reducing inflammation. 

Frequently it causes the tumor to diminish in size 
and finally disappear, thus preventing the necessity 
of more heroic treatment. When it does not do this, 
it forms the best preparation for a surgical operation 
on account of the strength and health which it brings 
to the organs involved. If there is a tendency to ex- 
cessive menstruation, the Vegetable Compound 
should be used in the dry form. In all cases the 



Dowels should be kept open, and the skin kept in a 
healthy and active condition by frequent baths. 

This is an ailment very preva- 
Inflammation lent, and the causes are many. 
of the Ovaries. Some of the most important are 
congestion of the organs at the men- 
strual period, sudden colds, getting the feet wet, ex- 
cessive dancing, suppression of menstruation, and 
blood poisoning. In this disorder there is always 
tenderness in the region of the diseased ovary; severe 
pains to right and left of womb, extending back- 
wards, which are increased by walking or riding; 
fever, chills and nausea. 

Pains of a dull, dragging, heavy nature start from 
the ovary and pass down to the groin; and when the 
person affected is standing, there is apt to be an in- 
clination to rest one foot upon the other to relax the 
muscles and bend the thigh. All symptoms will 
be aggravated by the menstrual flow, and this period 
will always bring on pain. 

The following treatment will be 
Treatment. found successful in a great majority 

of cases. Patience and persever- 
ance count for much, as a cure can only be brought 
about slowly, and time will be required to restore the 
general health. As motion irritates the inflamed 
parts, keep as quiet as possible, lying down most of 
the time. Hard substances in the bowels may press 
upon the ovaries, so the bowels must be kept 
open; it is well to paint the abdomen over the 
ovaries with iodine to reduce the inflammation, and 


the application of dry heat and vaginal douches will 
also help. Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com- 
pound should be taken daily to relieve the conges- 
tion, inflammation and pain. 

By following these directions, many absolute cures 
have been made. Inflammation of the ovaries 
should never be neglected; these organs are not 
readily reached for local treatment, and inflammation, 
if neglected, may be followed by ulceration, in which 
event there is the possibility that surgical operations 
may become unavoidable. The inflammation is also 
likely to extend to the passages leading from the 
ovaries to the womb, producing great mischief, and 
perhaps causing sterility. 




Everyone is familiar with the effects of nervous 
weakness, or what is popularly 
Nervousness. called nervousness. When a per- 
son is startled easily, is disturbed 
by every slight noise, interruption, or annoyance, 
fretful and complaining, fidgety or trembling, shaky 
and unsteady, she is probably suffering from weak or 
disordered nerves. 

Many things may wear upon the nerves, but few 
things impose a harder strain upon them than the 
various disorders of the female system. Women 
seriously affected by such disorders are in danger of 
becoming nervous wrecks and falling into chronic 
invalidism by reason of nervous failure. 

Pain, when long continued, shatters the nerves; 
many women after each monthly period become as 
nervous as if they had an attack of some disease. 
Inflammation and congestion wear upon the nerves, 
and when the organs of sex, especially sensitive and 
intimately connected with the nervous system, are 
inflamed and congested, the mischief to the nerves is 
especially great. It makes a great difference what 
part of the body is thus affected. A part which is 
not particularly sensitive may become inflamed with- 


out causing so much distress; but if anything irri- 
tates the eye, for instance, but little is required to 
produce exquisite torture. 

Besides these nervous strains, there is what might 
be called nerve-starvation. In such cases the blood 
is impoverished, and fails to feed the nerves properly, 
the thousands of nerve threads in the body shrivel 
and waste, and the pain they give is really a cry of 
hunger. The tonic properties of Lydia E. Pinkham's 
Vegetable Compound cause it to relieve depression 
of the nerves and restore the blood to a condition 
where it will properly feed the nerves. If the nerves 
are worn out from the strain on the nerve centres, 
caused by local female disorders, Lydia E. Pinkham's 
Vegetable Compound will, by effecting a cure of these 
disorders, remove the cause of nerve troubles. So, 
in a large proportion of nervous troubles, a faithful 
use of this medicine will bring about a cure. 

One troublesome effect frequently produced by 
weak or disordered nerves is sleeplessness. Con- 
tinued sleeplessness is intolerable, and generally ends 
in insanity, but there are all degrees of this trouble, 
and few there are who have not at times suffered from 

it to some extent. Almost any- 
Sleeplessness. thing which unduly excites, tires, 

or injures the nerves may interfere 
with sleep. Mental excitement, worry, overwork, 
excessive physical fatigue, indigestion, or imperfect 
action of the liver, derangements of the sexual organs 
of any kind — these are prominent causes of sleepless- 



As often as not, sleeplessness is manifested by 
inability to fall asleep readily; the excitement of the 
nerves proper to a waking state persists when sleep 
is sought, and one tosses wakeful for hours. An- 
other form is an unsound sleep, where the slumber \s 
so light that the sufferer is hardly conscious of having 
fallen asleep at all. Again, a person may be waked 
by the slightest causes, or be unable to fall asleep 
again after sleep is once interrupted, and sometimes 
one becomes wide awake extremely early in the morn- 

Whatever the form, sleeplessness is a purely ner- 
vous trouble, and can be remedied only by restoring 
the nerves to a proper state. Many temporary ex- 
pedients are recommended, but none of them are 
very certain in their effects. It is well to endeavor 
for an hour or two before bedtime to avoid all excite- 
ment, and be as calm and peaceful as possible. 
Sometimes an evening stroll, with a cup of warm 
beef-tea or meat extract at bedtime, is helpful or a 
warm bath when preparing for bed. Plenty of 
fresh air is desirable. But the chief thing is to re- 
store the nervous system to health, for which follow 
the instructions above given for nervousness. 

Headache is an affection of the 
Headache. nerves, to which some women are 

very subject. It may accompany 
almost any female ailment, in which case it is cured 
by curing that ailment. Headache takes various 
forms; sometimes it is a dull ache across the forehead 
or the top of the head; sometimes it is called mi- 


graine, or pain over or in one or both eyes ; sometimes 
it is called neuralgia, with sharp stinging pain over 
the eyes and temples. Some causes are more apt to 
produce one of these forms, some to produce another; 
but there is no absolute line between them, and it is 
hardly necessary to distinguish. 

Possibly the most common causes of headache are 
female disorders, indigestion, and eye-strain. After 
relieving in any appropriate way the immediate 
attack, to effect a permanent cure by removing the 
latter cause requires a special treatment; for the 
other two, Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound 
is the proper remedy ; it contains ingredients which 
act specially upon the digestion, as well as upon the 
generative organs. Follow the directions given un- 
der the various disorders mentioned herein. 

Unlike headache, neuralgia may 
Neuralgia. affect the nerves almost anywhere. 

The word means nerve-pain; when 
it gets settled in the nerves of the face it might ap- 
propriately be called nerve-torture. It has the same 
causes as other nerve ailments. Often the immediate 
cause is cold, especially a damp cold, against which 
the garments do not afford sufficient protection. 
Back of this is some impairment of the nerves which 
renders them susceptible to such affections. This 
often comes from some disorder of the sexual organs. 

Girls seldom suffer from neuralgia before menstru- 
ation begins, but among the disturbances which 
may attend the establishment of the function is a 
dreadful neuralgic agony. In later years, neuralgia 



may come from pregnancy, too long-continued nurs- 
ing of children, excessive menstruation, hysteria, 
impairment of the blood, tumors, and other disorders 
which sap the nervous strength. When a womans' 
hair turns grey early, that is likely to be due to lack 
of nerve strength, and such women usually suffer 
severely from neuralgia. 

The symptoms of neuralgia are 
Symptoms. quite distinct. At first the skin 

feels numb, and the hands and feet 
are cold, indicating faulty circulation; then comes 
a slight, short pain, which stops and starts as though 
beating time, but always grows more intense; 
finally, the waves of pain seem to crush, and hammer, 
and burn, or to dart like a red-hot knife. As the 
attack subsides, you become sleepy. Long after an 
attack you feel bruised and sore. 

Whatever the cause of neuralgia — but especially 
where the female organs are at fault — you will gain 
wonderful relief by depending upon the tonic and 
corrective virtues of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable 
Compound; this remedy should be used faithfully 
and persistently until the general health is restored 
and the shattered nerves are comfortable. The bow- 
els should be kept rather loose. Lydia E. Pinkham's 
Liver Pills are the best for this purpose, owing to 
their mildness. For nourishment it is advisable to 
use cod-liver oil, plenty of butter or oil, and rather 
fatty food. A warm sitting-room and a carefully 
ventilated bedroom are important; also plenty of 



Hysteria is beyond question one 
Hysteria. of the most puzzling ailments with 

which medical science has to deal, 
and at the same time one with which its unhappy vic- 
tim, is the least likely to obtain a due sympathy. 
The name comes from a Greek word meaning the 
womb. The ailment usually affects young women 
of from 15 to 30 — most frequently of from 15 to 20 — 
with whom the condition of the womb is almost in- 
variably responsible. Luxury, over work in school, 
anxiety, shock, unhappy marriage, and grief, may be 
other causes. 

Attacks of hysteria are usually 
Symptoms. preceded by restlessness, depressed 

spirits, and uneasiness and lack of 
self-control. Then comes a feeling as of a lump in 
the throat, and attacks of laughter; violent beating 
of the heart; the muscles of the limbs are thrown into 
spasms; the breathing is irregular; the cheeks are 
flushed, and the neck is swollen. 

The various symptoms of hysteria may be referred 
to every function of the body, and thus medical men 
are often misled. Complaint is made of pain that 
does not exist, which ceases when the attention is 
diverted, but is increased by inquiry and sympathy. 
The breasts and abdomen may be extremely tender. 
Memory may be good, but judgment and the power 
to do any regular work are wanting. The shrieking 
laughter that turns to tears, the morbid appeal for 
sympathy, the frequent disregard of the truth — 
these and many similar symptoms are familiar to all. 


Spasms, convulsions, and fainting spells sometimes 

Medical men often honestly ad- 
Treatment, mit that they can do little for hys- 
teria, but Lydia E. Pinkham's 
Vegetable Compound acts so directly upon the 
womb, and has such tonic properties, that the use of 
it, if persisted in, is usually very beneficial. With its 
aid the sufferer may soon be able to exercise sufficient 
self-control to restrain hysteric actions. 

The general strength should be built up by taking 
also plenty of nutritious food, the mind should b^ 
pleasantly occupied, the surroundings made as cheei- 
ful as possible, and plenty of exercise taken in the 
open air and sunshine. 

One of the common effects of 
Melancholy disorders of the nerves arising from 

and any of the causes which have been 

"The Blues." named, is continued despondency 
and melancholy. Women are espe- 
cially liable to be affected with this in consequence 
of disorders of the sexual organism. Young women 
seldom are affected in this way except as an after- 
effect of unusually severe menstrual disorder; mar- 
ried women not infrequently suffer from it during 
pregnancy, and in consequence of frequent and diffi- 
cult child-bearing; but during "Change of Life" it is 
experienced more or less, probably, by most women. 
There are other causes, such as mental care and sor- 
row, insufficient food, exhausting illness of any kind, 
or anything that produces extreme nervous exhaus- 



Melancholy begins with frequent 
Symptoms. attacks of despondency — what are 

commonly called "the blues/' 
which may in many cases be overcome by the use of 
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, with 
proper rest and cheerful surroundings; but if it con- 
tinues to grow upon the unhappy woman, her whole 
physical and mental system becomes overwhelmed 
with gloom, anxiety, and foreboding. Melancholic 
women usually, but not always, realize that there is 
no real cause for their sorrow and sadness, but can- 
not avoid the feeling that something terrible is to 
happen. While usually disinclined to talk, they can 
talk reasonably enough about anything else but their 
feeling of misery. 

The bodily health shares the depression. The 
digestion is impaired, the flesh wastes away, consti- 
pation always occurs, the skin is dry, and the eyes 
grow dull and yellow. The sleep becomes scanty, 
broken, and restless. Do not neglect prompt treat- 
ment, because in severe attacks 
Treatment. actual mental delusions may occur; 

the most pitiful symptom of this 
worst phase is the suicidal tendency. A melancholy 
patient is best treated away from home — the familiar 
faces and surroundings seem to keep the morbid 
impressions active. The bowels should be kept open 
with Lydia E. Pinkham's Liver Pills, and food should 
be given in large quantities regardless of the apparent 
dyspepsia — not beef-tea or meat extracts, but nour- 
ishing, solid food — meat, eggs, and bread, with wine 


or malt liquor. The tonic treatment required is best 
supplied by Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com- 
pound^ which assists the digestion, and at the same 
time exerts a powerful remedial influence upon the 
sex organs, which may be suffering in sympathy. 

Melancholy, as has been said be- 
Mental fore, may reach such a degree as to 

Derangement, amount to insanity. One form of 
insanity, called melancholia, is 
characterized by the deepest despair, and often by 
suicidal impulses. Insanity is a disease of the ner- 
vous system, of which the brain is the principal organ ; 
and, as one might suppose from the fact that female 
ailments are a principal cause of other nervous affec- 
tions; medical authorities agree that with women a 
very great proportion of cases of mental derangement 
or insanity depend upon disturbance of the higher 
nervous centres, caused by ailments of the sex or- 
gans. The disorder may arise from early menstrual 
difficulties, from pregnancy and child-bearing, from 
nursing, from the "Change of Life," and from dis- 
eases of the womb and ovaries. Most cases due to 
these causes occur between the twenty-fifth and forty- 
fifth years. 

Of course, heredity and a number of other physical 
causes may affect the brain, but it should be an easy 
matter to decide as to the real cause when delusions 
appear in connection with any of the peculiarly female 
ailments. Medical authorities also agree upon the 
need of prompt, persistent constitutional treatment 
at the very first sign of sleeplessness, depression, and 



oddness; many a pitiful case may thus be prevented 
There can be no possible doubt but that the use of 
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound has nipped 
many a threatening attack in the bud, so to speak, 
by correcting the female disorder before it has cre- 
ated a dangerous condition of waste of nervous 
force. The tonic effect of this valuable remedy, in 
connection with a plentiful supply of wholesome food, 
is to nourish the system, storing it with new, rich 
blood to repair the wasting, ailing nerves. The 
woman is safe who has a healthy brain in a healthy 
body. It is well to remember that in most instances 
of threatened derangement fresh scenes and faces, 
cheerful surroundings, and relief from work and worry, 
will greatly aid in restoring health. 

Anaemia is the name given to a very serious con- 
dition, quite frequently found, particularly in the 
case of young women, where the blood is impover- 
ished in character or insufficient in quantity. Anae- 
mia may be due to insufficient or improper food ; to 
want of light, air, or muscular exer- 
Anaemia. cise; to rapid growth and develop- 

ment in girlhood; to the failure of 
menstruation to become properly established at the 
right age; to profuse discharges or haemorrhage; to 
frequent child-bearing and nursing; or to the pres- 
ence of chronic constitutional diseases to which wo- 
men are subject. 

Anaemia usually affects girls and 

Symptoms. young women. The skin is pale, 

soft and flabby, often with a tinge 

of dusky brown on the eyelids and on the back of 



the hands. The whites of the eyes become of a pearly 
blue, the gums grow colorless and the complexion 
pallid. The sufferer loses flesh and bodily strength 
and muscular vigor; feels languid, weak, sleepy, dull 
and depressed. She has pains about the body and 
head — often about the heart, with a tendency to 
fainting. The breath is short; she gasps and pants 
at the least exertion. The digestion is disturbed; 
there is nausea or sickness after meals, or on arising; 
constipation is always present. The menstrual 
functions are necessarily deranged, the flow is scanty 
and painful, and the white discharge generally ap- 
pears. The course of anaemia is slow and progres- 
sive, and unless checked its duration is indefinite. 

In anaemia caused by female complaints, Lydia E. 
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound provides the con- 
stitutional tonic required, and at the same time cor- 
rects the functional derangement. Recovery may 
seem slow, but it will be sure. Keep the skin clean 
with occasional tepid baths, take moderate exercise 
in the fresh air, and be careful to take an abundance 
of nourishing, easily digestible food. The tendency 
to constipation will be cured by Lydia E. Pinkham's 
Liver Pills. If the white discharge appears, it should 
be treated as has been directed in these pages. 

Whilst it may be necessary to take 
Treatment some laxative to correct the consti- 

must be Tonic, pation attendant upon this disease, 
not Laxative. such treatment by itself can never 
cure anaemia, but would rather 
aggravate it. Never depend upon any pill or laxa- 


tive as a remedy for anaemia. What the body needs 
most is building and toning up, which is done by a 
tonic medicine like Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable 
Compound taken in connection with a generous diet, 
the aim being to make rich red blood in abundance, 
and to acquire vigor. Pills and other laxatives may 
have their necessary work to do in removing obstruc- 
tions and clearing the way for something more posi- 
tive and constructive, but they never build or tone 
up the body; on the contrary, they must necessarily 
of themselves have a more or less weakening aod re- 
laxing effect. 




Indigestion is the effect of too great a strain upon the 
stomach and other digestive organs. 
Indigestion. This may be caused by eating too 

fast, by eating too much, and by 
eating food which is difficult to digest, or by eating at 
improper times. All these things increase the strain. 
But the same mischief is caused when the strain is not 
too much for ordinary strength, by anything which 
makes the digestive process weaker than usual. 
Great care must be taken as to diet when one is 
weakened by illness, and when one is completely tired 
or fagged by hard work or other over-exertion; in the 
latter event it is safer to eat very sparingly or not at 
all if one would escape indigestion. 

Indigestion is very closely connected with diseases 
and ailments of the female organs; partly because the 
exhaustion so caused renders the stomach and diges- 
tive organs unable to bear the ordinary work which 
they have to do, and partly because the organs are so 
connected together that disturbances affecting one 
set spread to the other, so that the latter are affected, 
as is said, sympathetically. 

The digestive organs are also, like 
Dyspepsia. the sexual organs, very closely con- 

nected with the nervous system. 
It is one of the commonest things for a disordered 


stomach to cause a severe headache, and vice versa. 
When indigestion is severe and continues for a long 
time, the nerves become so affected that we have 
what is called dyspepsia, which is partly a nervous 
complaint and partly a disorder of the digestive 

Some persons when troubled with 
Pepsin. indigestion depend upon pepsin. 

This is an animal product which 
takes the place of the digestive fluid that should be 
produced by the body of the person affected, and so 
facilitates digestion. It does not, however, in any 
way reach the cause of the trouble; it merely relieves 
for the time being, and the indigestion is just as likely 
to come again. 

For a permanent cure the cause 
Treatment. must be removed. If there is any 

disorder of the sexual organs (and 
sometimes there is when it is not suspected), be sure 
to take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. 
Besides curing these disorders, this compound con- 
tains ingredients which are of direct benefit in diges- 
tive troubles, even if not associated with female ail- 
ments. In all cases of lack of strength or when the 
digestive organs have been overtaxed in any way, 
great care must be taken not to overeat, and to eat 
only such articles as are most easily digested, to eat 
slowly, and to chew the food thoroughly. Fried 
food, rich soups and pastries are generally difficult to 
digest, and too much water or other fluids, such as 
thin soup, is apt to be harmful. Meat should be 


eaten not more than once a dajr, but eggs and milk 
are good, also nearly all kinds of fish. Many obtain 
benefit by drinking a cupful of hot water about half 
an hour before breakfast each morning. Remember 
not to overtask the mind or body; and when these are 
necessarily taxed, as by loss of sleep, anxiety, and 
grief, be especially careful to eat as lightly as possible, 
and of the most easily digestible food. 

Indigestion is one of the chief causes of impure 
blood, and when it has produced this effect Lydia E. 
Pinkham's Blood Medicine should be taken to correct 
it. The organs of elimination, bowels, kidneys and 
skin, should be kept in a healthy and active condition 
in all cases using the means recommended in 
Chapter III. 

Indigestion is almost sure to 
Bad Breath. cause bad breath from the odors 
arising from the undigested food in 
the stomach and the gases belched up. Bad breath 
is very offensive to others, much more so sometimes 
than the person afflicted with its suspects. Cure the 
indigestion, and the breath will become sweet. 

One of the most annoying effects 
Flatulence. of indigestion is the generation of 

gas in the bowels. The food turns 
sour in the stomach, and generates gas in large 
quantities when it reaches the bowels. If this gas is 
retained it produces colic Sometimes temporary 
relief is afforded by a hot drink or the use of aerated 
waters or laxative mineral water. Permanent relief 
can be had only by removing the causes. This can 
be done by care in eating, as before directed, being 


especially careful to avoid sweets, starchy food and 
fluids or water with the food, and taking Lydia E. 
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, the Liver Pills 
(and where the blood is at all impure, the Blood 

The necessity for a free action of 
Constipation. the bowels has been repeatedly 
mentioned already, but its impor- 
tance requires a few words more. In almost all cases 
of indigestion or female ailments constipation occurs, 
and the poisonous refuse of digestion is retained to 
poison the body. In bad cases nothing has been 
found to work so well as injections of large amounts 
of very warm water. Usually, I^dia E. Pinkham's 
Liver Pills and the ordinary laxatives already men- 
tioned will prove sufficient. If there is any trouble 
of this sort, eat laxative food and exercise freely ; long 
walks or horseback riding are excellent. 

Impurities in the blood poison 
Impure every part of the body, and fre- 

Blood. quently cause the skin on its sur- 

face, especially the face, to break 
out in eruptions, pimples, boils, sores, and other 
disfigurements. The least that can be expected is a 
muddy, dark complexion, contrasting strongly with 
the clear, fresh skin of the healthy face of youth. 
Many serious diseases such as erysipelas, canker, 
scrofula, rheumatism and salt rheum, are believed to 
be caused by impure blood. The cause of impure 
blood is often indigestion and constipation ; but some- 


times there is an inherited predisposition which leads 
to it. 

Take good care to follow all the directions given for 
digestive troubles, and then for impurities of the blood 
take faithfully a course of Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood 
Medicine. It may be a slow process to cleanse the 
blood completely, but no medicine is better for this 
purpose, and it will do wonders in time. It is a purely 
vegetable but powerful alterative, and may be taken 
safely by any invalid. The dose is small and the 
taste not unpleasant. 

In connection with medicine and regimen, persons 
having impurites of the blood may hasten recovery 
by occasionally bringing on a profuse perspiration 
followed by a warm bath, or by the use of the Turkish 




This chapter will be devoted to the consideration of 
a few ailments not peculiar to women, but which may 
have such an effect upon the sexual organism, or may 
be so affected by it, as to require mention in this work. 

The bladder is located so near to 
Bladder the sexual organs that an inflamma- 

Troubles. tion or congestion in the latter is 

very apt to affect it, and vice versa. 
When the bladder is inflamed, there is a dull ache, and 
a frequent desire to empty the organ, which is done 
only at the expense of a sharp, stinging, scalding pain. 
The swelling may be so great as to close the passages 
and cause retention of urine, so as to require the use 
of instruments. On the contrary, a nervous irrita- 
tion may be produced which renders it impossible to 
retain the urine. 

All these symptoms yield to the use of Lydia E. 
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, which removes the 
inflammation in the whole region. Relief may also 
be obtained by taking hot hip baths, avoiding acid 
food and drink, and taking care that the bowels 
operate freely and regularly. 



A cold is a popular riame for an 
Colds. inflamed state of the mucous mem- 

brane of the head, throat and chest, 
attended with catarrh or cough. It has already been 
explained how a similar affection in the lower portion 
of the body is to be treated. One of the chief causes 
of taking cold is a delicate constitution, or lack of 
strength to resist the effect of changes of the weather. 
Consequently sickly or delicate women are often 
especially liable to take cold. For them Lydia E. 
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound will prove a valua- 
ble medicine. Taken as directed, it tones up and 
strengthens the whole system. Then by air, exercise, 
good food, and plenty of sleep, fortify the system, so 
that it will no longer need medicine and can with- 
stand all weathers. 

If a hard cold is caught, keep the bowels open by 
taking Lydia E. Pinkham's Liver Pills; produce a free 
perspiration — a good way to do so is by placing the 
feet in hot water and wrapping up in blankets; and 
eat lightly until the effects of the cold begin to disap- 
pear. While recovering, take the Vegetable Com- 
pound, that its tonic effect may enable the catarrhal 
secretions to be thrown off, and vigor and spirit to 

The kidneys are essential organs 
Kidney for keeping the body free from im- 

Diseases. purities. If they should absolutely 

fail to work, death would ensue in a 
very short time. If they should become seriously 
affected, there should be no delay in securing the best 



medical advice to be had, and this should be implicitly 
followed. Such cases are too critical to be dealt with 
in any other manner* 

There are, however, slight temporary disturbances 
of the kidneys, which if neglected may become serious, 
but which can be more easily overcome if taken in 
time. In pregnancy the kidneys are frequently dis- 
turbed. For this reason an examination of the urine 
should be made several times during pregnancy; if 
albumen is found to be present, the kidneys are 
affected, and that state must be remedied. To pre- 
vent this, and to cure it when the organs are but 
slightly affected take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable 
Compound in the dry form. It will improve the gen- 
eral circulation and scatter congestion, brace up the 
nervous system, aid digestion and impart new energy 
and strength, so removing the causes of the disorder. 

So, at other times, inflammation or irritation of the 
female organs may spread to some extent to the kid- 
neys and effect them, and the cause can be so far re- 
moved by using the Compound for a short time that 
this trouble will disappear. Do not neglect the 
symptoms of a puffing under the eyes, swelling round 
the waist, and other disturbances caused by kidney 
complaint. In slight cases use the Vegetable Com- 
pound ; if the trouble is severe or continuous call in a 
physician as you value your life. But the Compound 
often nips in the bud a kidney affection which would 
otherwise become dangerous. 


Dropsy is a swelling of the body 
Dropsy. from an accumulation of watery 

fluid in the tissues. Sometimes it 
results from kidney diseases. It also comes from 
anaemia or watery blood, stopping of menstruation, 
and the pressure of tumors. It is not always curable, 
but in many cases the use of Lydia E. Pinkham's 
Vegetable Compound will overcome it by remov- 
ing its cause. 

Everyone knows what this dis- 
Rheumatism. tressing ailment is. It arises from 
the same causes as neuralgia, and 
from impurities or improper constituents in the blood. 
The Blood Medicine will serve to purify the blood; the 
Vegetable Compound will combat the neuralgic 
causes. In the treatment of rheumatism, rest and 
comfort of mind and body must be secured. Hot 
applications to the inflamed joint will lessen the pain. 
The diet should be quite light and of the most digesti- 
ble form, and all red meat should be partaken of spar- 
ingly, or not at all. Milk is the best drink. No wine, 
beer, or tea or coffee should be drunk. The state of 
the bowels requires the most careful attention ; con- 
stipation will be relieved by Lydia E. Pinkham's 
Liver Pills. 

Undue fatness affects both sexes, 
Obesity. but women more frequently than 

men. In health, the fat should con- 
stitute about one-twentieth of the normal weight. 
Obesity is uncommon with the young, although there 
is a case on record of a girl weighing 182 pounds at the 



age of twelve years. Women sometimes become very 
fat after childbirth; and it is a rule that the fleshiness 
increases after the ' 'Change of Life." Obesity must 
be regarded as a grave matter, since very fat people 
rarely reach an advanced age; usually they are quite 
susceptible to disease. 

Obesity is often due to chlorosis — the disease com- 
monly known as "green sickness" — and occasionally 
to ansemia, although the latter generally causes the 
opposite condition. The fact seems to be well estab- 
lished that increase of adipose tissue occurs only when 
the oxygenising power of the blood is deficient. This 
means that the red corpuscles of the blood fail to carry 
enough oxygen in the circulation to properly burn 
the extra fat, as healthy blood should do. 

The red corpuscles are necessary to health, and one 
of the tonic virtues of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable 
Compound is to revive and increase these tiny ele- 
ments. Inasmuch as the accumulation of fat is due 
to an error in nutrition, also, this remedy is of value, 
through its tendency to correct the latter condition. 

Heroic treatment, fasting, etc., is not always ad- 
visable, but over-eating should be avoided, and meals 
decreased in some way until the weight begins to 
diminish. Avoid fatty or starchy food ; eat fish, soup, 
lean meats, poultry and eggs, cheese, green vegeta- 
bles, and toast; do not drink tea, co.Tee, milk, spirits 
or beer. Cold baths and plenty of exercise are of 
great benefit. Constipation often accompanies corpu- 
lence; if so, Lydia E. Pinkham's Liver Pills will relieve 
the condition. 




Throughout this book the use of 
The Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood Medi- 

Family cine is recommended in connection 

Medicine. with Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable 

Compound, and it might be 
thought from this that our Blood Medicine is suited 
only for diseases peculiar to women, but such is not 
the case. 

Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood Medicine is as good for 
men as for women; it is also good for the whole fam- 
ily — parents and children — and it is the purpose of 
this chapter to point out the usefulness of Lydia E. 
Pinkham's Blood Medicine as a reliable blood puri- 
fier for all who need such a medicine. 

Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood Medicine is a purely 
vegetable alterative tonic, recommended for debili- 
tated conditions caused by impure or impoverished 
blood. An alterative tonic might well be explained 
as a rebuilder or repairer of the human system. It 
does this, first, by promoting assimilation; that is, 
it gives an appetite for food which results in the food 
being digested, enriching the blood and nourishing 
the body; secondly, by promoting elimination; that 
% it assists the organs by which the body gets rid of 


and excretes the useless and harmful materials* 

This is a most common complaint 
That and one of the surest indications 

Spring for the use of Lydia E. Pinkham's 

Feeling. Blood Medicine. In the winter 

most persons are kept indoors more 
than they should be, on account of the cold weather. 
They do not get the supply of fresh air which they 
get in the warmer months, their rooms are often 
poorly ventilated and overheated, and they are apt 
to exercise less and consequently breathe less deeply 
and do not take into the lungs the amount of oxygen 
which is needful to purify the blood. They eat more 
food, and of a kind that is harder to digest, especially 
fat, which acts as a fuel to keep up the bodily heat. 

So the digestion perceptibly becomes impaired, 
the bowels sluggish, and the body saturated with 
waste and surplus materials, the same as our fur- 
naces, when they are filled with coal and the fires 
are pushed in extreme weather, become clogged with 
ashes and clinkers. 

Now, when the warmer days come and the stim- 
ulation from bracing cold weather is lost, these ef- 
fects become more noticeable; especially if the heavy 
eating and confined mode of living are not at once 
discontinued. You begin to have a tired, heavy, 
sluggish feeling; become bilious and are likely to 
have humors and eruptions on the face and other 
parts of the body. For this condition take Lydia E. 
Pinkham's Blood Medicine, one tablespoonful a half- 
hour before each meal. 

m 70 


Humors and eruptions are among 
Humors the most common indications and 

and results of poor blood. They are 

Eruptions. very unpleasant and disfiguring, 

they give the face an unhealthy 
appearance, but usually they are not serious or dan- 
gerous enough to warrant consulting a physician. 
More serious results may come, however, at any time, 
from the impoverished state of the blood which they 
indicate. Good home treatment is necessary. Eat 
plain, nutritious and easily digested food and take 
Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood Medicine one-half hour 
before meals. 

When eruptions and humors are at the worst, 
pimples appear upon the face, the complexion be- 
comes muddy and dirty, the pores fail to clear them- 
selves, and the natural oil of the skin solidifies in 
them and fills and clogs them. These accumulations 
collect dirt at the surface of the skin and show black, 
whence they are popularly called " blackheads." 
Thorough cleaning and washing with hot water and 
good soap (preferably sulphur soap), especially be- 
fore going to bed, and provided the blood itself is 
well cleansed, will finally cause pimples and black- 
heads to disappear, and will clear a muddy, dirty 

These eruptions on the face take various forms. 
Impurities of the blood sometimes cause a terrible 
itching, not only of the face but of the arms and hands; 
and, it may be, almost all of the body. Then it is 
hard to avoid scratching which aggravates and de- 
velops an eczema. 



One of these forms of skin eruption is called "salt- 
rheum"; it is relie\ed by removing the impurities 
which cause it. Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood Medi- 
cine should be taken to correct the cause of this 

A boil comes from a local infec- 
Boiis tion which the blood is not in 

and sufficiently good condition to re- 

Absecsses. sist, and which almost always takes 

place through a hair follicle. Boils 
often come in "crops" of a dozen, more or less, one 
boil closely following another; sometimes there are 
several successive crops and the disease then becomes 
avery serious one. A single crop of boils may come 
from a series of local infections from the first boil; 
a succession of crops comes from distinct infections, 
showing that the blood is in such a poor condition 
that it cannot resist the abundant microbes which 
would have no effect upon a healthy person. 

Painful as they aie, boils do not extend below the 
skin, but there are similar inflammations and swell- 
ings which are much deeper seated, where pus forms 
and cannot readily be removed, sometimes not with- 
out a surgical operation. These are called abscesses. 
Sometimes an abscess forms in the ear, and such 
"risings in the head" are very painful and hard to 
deal with; occasionally they are so deep that they 
cannot be reached and may prove fatal. In order 
to prevent boils and abscesses, keep the blood in good 
condition by taking Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood Medi- 



cine in the spring or whenever you have reason to 
suspect that the blood is poor or impoverished. 

A carbuncle is something like a very large, bad 
boil, but it has a core and is .much more serious. 

The trouble is more deeply 
Carbuncles seated and far more extensive. It 

indicates very poor blood and a 
bad general condition. It is often associated with 
diabetes, and a person who has a carbuncle should 
have a medical examination made to see if he has 
diabetes. A thorough course of treatment with 
Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood Medicine should be taken 
in order to restore the blood to its proper condition. 

Avoid this painful affliction by 
Felons. keeping the blood in good order. 

(See Carbuncles.) When a felon 
comes, fight it in the same way, by purifying and 
strengthening the blood, as well as with the lancet 
which may be needed. 

This term is applied to a persis- 
Scrofula. tent morbid general condition 

which lurks in the body and breaks 
out from time to time in inflammations and swell- 
ings of the glands in the neck, in inflammation of the 
bones and joints and in an inflammatory condition 
of the skin and mucous membranes, particularly the 
mucous membrane of the nose, where it causes ca- 
tarrh and eruptions. The word "Scrofula" was 
originally used to describe a peculiar appearance of 
the neck caused by such enlargement of the glands. 


The disease was also called " King's Evil " from a pop- 
ular belief that it could be cured by the King's 

Scrofulous glands in the beginning form lumps 
about the size of a pea, but often become as large as a 
walnut, or even considerably larger. In most 
cases they are filled with a cheesy material which 
slowly softens and is discharged. The open sores 
so formed are slow to heal and usually leave un- 
sightly scars. 

The tendency to scrofula seems to be hereditary 
and it is hard to overcome. It may lie dormant for 
years, and break out anew from time to time. 
Scrofulous persons are especially liable to tubercu- 
losis. The blood is in very bad condition and lacks 
the normal powers of resistance to disease and its 
quality should be brought up by the thorough use of 
Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood Medicine. It may re- 
quire a long, faithful, persistent course of treatment 
with the medicine wholly to eradicate so deep-seated 
an evil, and one so apt to lurk dormant when seem- 
ingly cured. But persevere, till your blood is in the 
most healthy state; scrofula is a perpetual menace 
so long as a vestige of it remains. Before discontin- 
uing Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood Medicine have the 
blood examined by a microscope to see if it is actu- 
ally restored to a perfect state. 

Malaria appears in various forms, 
Malaria. some of which are well-known un- 

der the names of "Chills and Fe- 
ver," "Fever and Ague," "Intermittent Fever" and 


so on. As it is most prevalent in the neighborhood of 
swamps and marshes and among the rank growths of 
tropical and semi-tropical countries, it was formerly 
supposed to come from some poisonous substance in 
the air or soil, or from some poisonous property in 
them, especially in the air or soil in the neighborhood 
of swamps and marshes and where there was much 
decayed vegetable matter. Hence it took its name, 
Mal-aria, from "bad air." It is now known that 
air and soil have nothing to do with malaria. It is 
caused by a microbe; not, like many other diseases, 
from a vegetable germ, but from a minute animal 
parasite, introduced into the blood by the bite of an 
infected mosquito. The reason it is so prevalent 
around marsh lands is because that is where these 
mosquitoes are abundant. It is not every kind of 
mosquito that can carry the disease, so there is good 
hope, by exterminating the dangerous kinds of mo- 
squitoes, of abolishing the disease. 

When one of these mosquitoes bites a person suf- 
fering from malaria, the immature forms of the par- 
asites in the blood drawn, pass into the body of the 
insect, where they develop and mature in about 
twelve days. Then if the infected mosquito bites 
another person, some of the adult parasites are in- 
jected through the wound into the blood. 

In the blood, unless it has sufficient resisting prop- 
erties to destroy these microbes, they attack and 
destroy the red corpuscles, and so seriously impair 
the general health, even though the acute symptoms 



—chills and fever — may be more or less completely 
controlled by prompt medical treatment. 

Malaria is cured by getting the blood into the 
best condition, which restores its red corpuscles and 
produces white corpuscles which destroy the para- 
sites. Take Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood Medicine 
and make good blood to combat the microbes and 
to repair the ravages they have made before they 
were destroyed. 



If you find this little book interesting and instruc- 
tive, as we have no doubt you will, why not pass the 
good along to others? 

If you have friends to whom the book would be of 
value, you can do them a favor by sending us their 
names and addresses on the enclosed card, for we will 
at once mail a copy to each of them. 




Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound 

The original Pinkham Medicine and best known 
of all. 

It has been on the market for over forty years and 
is put up in the following forms: 


Dose — One tablespoonful every four hours through 
the day. 

Dry (Tablets). 

Dose — One tablet every four hours through the 

Lydia E. Pinkham's Sanative Wash 


Liquid, a concentrated extract, ready to dilute 
and use at once, the most convenient form. Use 
daily as a vaginal injection. Add one teaspoonful 
(in severe cases two teaspoonfuls) of the Sanative 
Wash to one pint of warm water, mix thoroughly and 
it is ready for use. (Can be had, if preferred, in dry 
form, to steep.) 

Lydia E. Pinkham's Blood Medicine 


We recommend this as a good blood medicine for 
either men or women. 


Dose — One tablespoonful three times a day, half 
an hour before eating. 

> Special directions for taking Lydia E. Pink h am*g 
Vegetable Compound In connection with the Blood 
Medicine. Take two doses a day of each, alter- 
nately, i. e.,in the morning take a tablespoonful of the 
Vegetable Compound, at noon a tablespoonful of the 
Blood Medicine; four hours later take the Vegetable 
Compound again, and in another four hours take 
the Blood Medicine. 

Lydia £. Pinkham's Liver Pills 


Dose — Take three the first night, two the second, 
and one the third; and unless there is a regular and 
healthy movement of the bowels, continue taking 
one every night. 



LYNN, MASS., U. S. A. 

Public Inspection of Our Laboratories Constantly