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Full text of "Lyman's history of old Walla Walla County, embracing Walla Walla, Columbia, Garfield and Asotin counties"

NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES 



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LYMAN'S HISTORY 

of 

Old Walla Walla County 



Embracing 

Walla Walla, Columbia, Garfield 
and Asotin Counties 



ILLUSTRATED 



VOLUME II 



1 J * 1 



CHICAGO 

THE S. J. CLARKE PUBLISHING COMPANY 
1918 



]l K Nf.W YORK 




-^d^o^ 4 'TSlcOy-e^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



N. G. BLALOCK, M. D. 

No history of Walla Walla and of this section of the northwest would be 
complete without extended reference to Dr. N. G. Blalock, who not only figured 
as a most successful and progressive physician but, also recognizing the possibilities 
for the material development of the northwest through its natural resources, 
contributed in marked measure to the upbuilding of this section of the country 
and the promotion of its business activities. His labors were of a character that 
contributed to public progress as well as to individual success and in fact they 
were of the most farreaching extent and importance. 

Dr. Blalock was a native of North Carolina, his birth having occurred in 
Mitchell county, that state, in 1836. He spent his youth amid rural surroundings 
in his native state, his time largely being devoted to agricultural pursuits, while 
later he took up the profession of teaching but regarded this merely as an initial 
■ step to other professional labor. It became his earnest desire to enter the medical 
profession and with that end in view he matriculated in the Jefferson Medical 
College of Philadelphia, from which he was graduated in 1861. He first located 
for practice in Mount Zion, Illinois, and when the Civil war was in progress he 
put aside all business, professional and personal considerations and joined the 
army as surgeon of an Illinois regiment, doing active duty at the front in this 
connection. When hostilities had ceased he resumed the practice of medicine 
in Illinois, where he remained until 1872. He then heard and heeded the call of 
the west. He first came in 1872 to spy out the land. Crossing the continent 
part of the way with a team, actuated by the purpose of selecting a new home in 
the Pacific northwest, he decided upon Walla Walla and then returned to Illinois 
for his family. In May, 1873, they left their home in Macon county, that state, 
and on the nth of October reached Walla Walla, having spent about six months 
upon the road, as they traveled by team. There were twenty-seven members in 
the little immigrant party and their total financial resources on reaching their 
destination did not exceed twenty dollars. Dr. Blalock at once sought employ- 
ment in order to replenish his depleted exchequer. He began hauling wheat from 
Walla Walla to Wallula and upon the return trip brought groceries and other 
merchandise, which had to be laid in before navigation on the Columbia river 
closed for the winter. He was thus engaged for a little over a month, after 
which he opened his office and began practicing medicine. His career in that 
professional field was a most notable one. His ability was pronounced. He 
most carefully diagnosed his cases and his judgment was seldom, if ever, at fault. 
He did most important work in the frontier community, his professional career 

5 



6 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

covering a period of fifty-three years, during which he kept a complete record 
of his obstetrical cases, including the names, ages and birthplaces of parents and 
the names and sexes of children. He officiated at almost six thousand obstetrical 
cases. He was the loved family physician in many a household. He was most 
sympathetic by nature, kindly in spirit and these qualities, added to his professional 
skill and ability, made him most efficient in medical practice. 

Dr. Blalock also deserves special mention for his contribution to the develop- 
ment of Walla \\^alla and the northwest. He organized the firm of Blalock, Son 
& Company for the purpose of building a mill and flume to engage in the manu- 
facture and shijimcnt of lumber, wood, etc., from what is known as the Blalock 
^fountain. This undertaking did not prove profitable, however, and the company 
failed for two hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars, with assets of only fifty 
thousand dollars. The nature of Dr. Blalock at once was manifest, for he 
immediately assumed the liabilities of the company and in less than eight years 
paid off every cent, with interest at from fifteen to twenty-four per cent per 
annum, acting in this matter contrary to the advice of his attorneys. No other 
course was possible to a man of his straightforward and honorable nature, how- 
ever. He felt that every cent of his indebtedness should be met and he resolutely 
set to work to achieve this end, which in an incredibly short space of time he 
accomplished. 

It was Dr. Blalock who installed the first telephone used in the state. He 
rented six instruments at twelve dollars per month each and built and kept up 
his own line from the mill to the end of the flume. He was the promoter of what 
is known as the Blalock Orchards, two miles west of Walla Walla. In 1876 he 
purchased for two dollars and a half per acre four hundred acres of desert 
land, which he leveled, irrigated and then planted with fruit trees, including 
apples, pears and cherries, and also set out many small fruits. He shipped the 
first two car loads of pears from the state of Washington east of the Rocky 
Mountains and made large exhibit of his fruit at the Worid's Columbian Expo- 
sition in Chicago in 1893. Since that time the Blalock Orchards have been 
enlarged to sixteen hundred acres and have constituted a most important feature 
of the horticultural development of the northwest. Upon the land are now 
eight artesian wells, all strong and affording a supply of water ample to 
irrigate the entire area with a system of pipe lines over twenty miles in length 
touching every acre of this vast tract. The lands are being sold in five-acre tracts 
at from one thousand to fifteen hundred dollars per acre. Dr. Blalock also made 
arrangements for the purchase of three thousand six hundred acres of dry land 
six miles south of Walla Walla, for which he was to pay ten bushels of wheat 
per acre, an amount equal to five dollars per acre. The first crop paid for the 
land and all expenses of raising and han^esting and left him about three thousand 
dollars. This was followed by the purchase of seven thousand acres of wheat 
land in Gilliam county, Oregon, and he planted and promoted an orchard at the 
town of Blalock. He was the promoter of the Blalock Islands enterprise, cover- 
ing four thousand acres in the Columbia river in Benton county, Washington. He 
was associated with others in the development of three thousand acres of desert 
land under the Carey act in Morrow county, Oregon. No one labored more 
untiringly for the opening of the Columbia river for navigation than Dr. Blalock, 
who for years devoted many hours to the work. In appreciation of his efforts 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 7 

in that behalf the Columbia and Snake River Waterways Association, meeting in 
Lewiston in its third annual convention, passed the following resolution : "In 
these days of the passing of the pioneer the people of the great northwest are 
called upon from time to time to recognize the lifelong service of noble men and 
women and to honor their names. Occasionally we take unto ourselves the rare 
privilege of brightening the closing years of one of these servants of mankind 
by a slight expression of our affection and appreciation of their efforts in things 
worth while. Such an occasion greets us today as we meet to honor one of God's 
emblems. In recognition of the large part Dr. N. G. Blalock has had in effecting 
an organized movement to secure an open river; in grateful acknowledgment that 
through his indefatigable and successful labor, associated with Joseph N. Teal, 
W. J. Mariner and J. F. Smith, almost insuperable obstacles were overcome and 
the Oregon Portage Railroad was built at The Dalles ; and with hearty thanks to 
him for the lavish expenditure of time and money in representing his state at 
meetings of the Natural Rivers and Harbor Congress and attending innumerable 
other gatherings in the interest of our rivers, where he has materially helped 
in securing definite results. Therefore, be it resolved, that we, the delegates to 
the Columbia and Snake River Waterways Association here assembled, express 
to Dr. N. G. Blalock our deep affection and our grateful appreciation for his long 
life of loving service." 

A splendid characterization of Dr. Blalock is found in the memorial address 
which was delivered by the Hon. Ben F. Hill before a joint session of the state 
senate and the house of representatives, on which occasion Mr. Hill said : 

"Mr. President, Gentlemen of the senate and house: 

"It is with a sense of profound sorrow that we pay a tribute to the memory 
of Dr. Nelson G. Blalock, the distinguished member from Walla Walla, of the 
constitutional convention. Dr. Blalock was born in Mitchell county. North Caro- 
lina, in 1836. He was a graduate of Jefferson Medical College, served as a surgeon 
in the One Hundred and Fifteenth Illinois Regiment in the Civil war and came 
in 1873 to Walla Walla, the then metropolis of the northwest. The brilliant young 
surgeon was in demand throughout the whole of the Inland Empire. He became 
acquainted in his travels with the religious and geographical work of the great 
Marcus Whitman and his chief ambition appeared to be to develop the economic 
resources of that part of Washington territory. For this reason the names of 
Marcus Whitman and Nelson G. Blalock will be indelibly linked together in the 
building and construction of our great state. One of Nelson G. Blalock's earliest 
exploits was, when roads were impossible, the building of a large flume from 
the Blue mountains to Walla Walla, for the purpose of transporting logs, fuel 
and lumber to that growing community. He made a success of and was the 
pioneer of arid land wheat farming. As early as 1881 he produced the unprece- 
dented yield of fifty thousand bushels of wheat on one thousand acres of arid 
land. After proving that wheat could be successfully produced he turned to 
irrigation projects, some of which now are honored in retaining the Blalock 
name. He drilled for and found artesian water, utilized the water of the various 
streams, and every one of the districts he founded is now a prosperous and 
conservative community. I could go on and tell you of his work to complete the 
Celilo locks and canal and of his intense desire to see an open Columbia river, but 
those and local problems are developing as he anticipated they would. In fact 



8 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

before Dr. Blalock passed away he had the final pleasure of knowing that all 
these great economic benefits to the Inland Empire would be finished. In the 
1913 session we were honored by having I")r. Nelson G. Blalock, during one of our 
sessions, invited to take his place with our sjjeaker and then a few days later during 
the session we were shocked to hear of his death. You do not wonder then that 
Dr. Blalock was elected to represent the Walla W'alla district at the constitutional 
convention and we revere and honor that man, soldier, physician, statesman who 
in the econoitiic development of the Inland Empire was the greatest man the 
northwest has yet produced. Dr. Nelson G. Blalock." 

On the 13th of March, 1914, Dr. Blalock was stricken with apoplexy while 
at work in his office and was taken to a hospital, where he died the following day. 



DORSEY S. BAKER, AI. D. 

-Xo history of W'alla W^alla and the Inland Empire would be complete with- 
out e.xtended reference to Dr. Dorsey S. Baker, now deceased, who for maivy 
years figured most prominently in the professional, commercial and financial 
circles of the northwest. He stood in the front rank of the columns that have 
advanced the civilization of W'ashington, leading to its substantial development, 
progress and upbuilding. He was particularly active in the growth of W'alla 
W^alla, where he continued to make his home for many years. He recognized 
and utilized the resources of the country and by establishing many business enter- 
prises contributed in marked measure to its development and progress. W'idely 
known, his life history cannot fail to prove of interest to the many friends that 
he left behind and who still honor and cherish his memory. 

Dr. Baker was born in Wabash county, Illinois, October 18, 1823, and while 
still a boy in his teens became the active assistant of his father, who was engaged 
in milling and merchandising. Thus he received a thorough training that con- 
stituted the broad foundation upon which much of the success of his later years 
was built. After a time, however, he determined to enter upon a professional 
career and with that end in view matriculated in the Jefferson Medical College! 
of Philadelphia, from which he was graduated in 1845 on the completion of the 
full course. He located for the practice of medicine in Des Moines, Iowa, but 
after remaining there for a brief period determined to follow the advice of 
Horace Greeley, who said: "Go west, young man, go west." Accordingly in 
1848 he started for Oregon, where he arrived in the fall of the same year, 
having no money and no acquaintances in this section of the country. He imme- 
diately opened an office and began the practice of his chosen profession in Port- 
land,- which was then a small town containing but one or two streets along the 
river front. Gold was discovered in California the following year and Dr. 
Baker joined the rush for the famous Eldorado. He remained in that state until 
the spring of 1850 and then returned to Portland, where he entered into partner- 
ship with L. B. Hastings in the conduct of a mercantile enterprise. The follow- 
ing spring he again went to the mines, this time his objective point being Yreka, 
which was tlien a newly developed mining camp. In May of the same vear. 
however, he once more returned to Oregon and established his home in the 



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OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 11 

Umpqua valley, where for several years he devoted his attention to stock raising, 
to milling and to general merchandising. He erected the first flour mill in 
southern Oregon at the old town of Oakland in Douglas county, and in 1858 he 
was conducting business in Portland as a hardware merchant. 

Dr. Baker's connection with Walla Walla dated from October, 1859, when 
he established a store in this city, placing William Stephens in charge. The 
following year, however, he personally assumed the management of the business 
and in 1862 he entered into partnership with his brother-in-law, John F. Boyer, 
in establishing the firm of Baker & Boyer, which was so long widely and favorably 
known in eastern Washington. It was in that year that he also became asso- 
ciated with Captain Ankeny, H. W. Corbett and Captain Baughman in the 
organization of a steamboat company to operate a line of boats on the Columbia 
and Snake rivers. This company built the steamer Spray for the upper river 
and the E. D. Baker for the lower Columbia trade, thus instituting what con- 
stituted a most important element in the development and upbuilding of the north- 
west. These steamship lines were sold the following year to the Oregon Steam 
Navigation Company. Dr. Baker's recognition of the possibilities and oppor- 
tunities of the northwest constituted a most important factor in the develop- 
ment of the Inland Empire. After nine years he took up the construction of a 
railroad from Walla Walla to the Columbia River, building the line entirely 
from his own resources. This not only enhanced the" fortune of the promoter 
but brought prosperity and wealth to the entire W^-lia "Wafla valtey and adjacent 
country. It was a matter of pride to Dr. CBaker that' diitirig -his ownership and 
management of the railroad it was never encumbered ;with a mortgage and 
never had a floating debt. He finally sold the-road-Ul.i.S^S to the Henry Villard 
syndicate and it became a part of the Oregon Railway and Navigation System. 

Throughout the remainder of his life Dr. Baker devoted his energies to 
banking and to the inauguration of various business enterprises in and about 
Walla Walla that continued as factors in the progress and improvement of the 
city and of the state. The Baker-Boyer Bank, which was organized in 1869, is 
the oldest institution of the kind in Washington and remains one of the strongest 
moneyed concerns of the state. Later it was reorganized as the Baker-Boyer 
National Bank. 

Dr. Baker was married in Portland, Oregon, in June, 1850, to Miss Caro- 
line Tibbetts, a native of Indiana, by whom he had seven children, three of whom 
died in infancy. The others were Edwin Franklin, now living in California ; 
Mary E., the deceased wife of Ex-Governor Miles C. Moore, now president of 
the Baker-Boyer National Bank ; Henry C. ; and W. W., who is the vice presi- 
dent of the Baker-Boyer National Bank. For his second wife Dr. Baker chose 
Miss Mary Legier, of Tuscola, Illinois, who passed away soon afterward, and in 
August, 1867, he wedded Elizabeth H. McCullough, by whom he had eight 
daughters, four of whom died while young. Mrs. Baker passed away May 7, 
1917, having for many years survived her husband, whose death occurred in 
Walla Walla, July 5, 1888. 

Dr. Baker not only lived to witness a remarkable transformation in this sec- 
tion of the country but was an active participant in all the changes that broug'ht 
about modern-day civilization. His greatest effort in pioneer days was 
the building of the Walla Walla & Columbia River Railroad, which was the 



12 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

foundation of the early settlement and building up of the great Inland Empire, 
of which Walla Walla became the distributing point for eastern Washington, 
Montana and Idaho. lie gave the original site for Whitman Seminary, donat- 
ing land which became the nucleus of the present property of what is now Whit- 
man College. Almost seventy years have passed since Dr. Baker came to the 
northwest to cast in his lot with its pioneers. People of the present period can 
scarcely realize the struggles and dangers which attended the early settlers, the 
heroism and self-sacrifice of lives passed upon the borders of civilization, the 
hardshijis endured, the difficulties overcome. These tales of the early days read 
almost like a romance to those who have known only the modern prosperity and 
conveniences. To the pioneer of the early days, far removed from the privileges 
and conveniences of city and town, the struggle for existence was a stern and 
hard one, and these men and women must have possessed indomitable energy 
and sterling worth of character as well as marked physical courage when they 
thus voluntarily selected such a life and successfully fought its battles under such 
circumstances as prevailed in the northwest. The efforts of Dr. Baker were 
indeed an important feature in the development of this section of the country. 
He saw and utilized opportunities which have brought about modern-day prog- 
ress and improvement and not only kept pace with the trend of the times but 
was a leader in the onward march of progress in Walla Walla and this section 
of the state. 



C. R. ROGG. 



C. R. Rogg, who is engaged in the furniture and undertaking business in 
Dayton, has in his business career ever followed the admonition of the old Greek 
philosopher, Epicharmus, who said : "Earn thy reward ; the gods give nought to 
sloth." In other words he has ever been diligent and determined and his close 
application and his energy have brought him the measure of success which he 
now enjoys. He was bom in Bridgeport, Connecticut, May 17, 1876, and is a 
son of Raymond and Katie (Toy) Rogg. The father was a native of Germany 
but came to America when a young lad and settled in Connecticut, where he was 
reared and married. In 1877 he removed with his family to Kansas, where he 
establi-shed his home upon a farm and in that state both he and his wife passed 
away. In their family were seven children, six of whom are now living. 

Although bom in New England, C. R. Rogg was only about a year old when 
the family home was established in the Sunflower state and there he was reared 
and educated, pursuing his studies in the public schools. He was a young man of 
about twenty-seven years when he determined to- leave the middle west and try 
his fortune upon the Pacific coast. He arrived in Walla Walla county, Washing- 
ton, in 1903 and there remained for a year, after which he removed to Dayton, 
where he established a fumiture and undertaking business, in which he has now 
been engaged for thirteen years, building up a trade of large and gratifying pro- 
portions. He has a well appointed fumiture store, carrying a large and carefully 
selected stock, and his reasonable prices, progressive business methods and earnest 
desire to please his cu.stomers have brought to him a very gratifying patronage. 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 13 

In May, 1906, Mr. Rogg was united in marriage to Miss Ollie Landon, who 
was born in Kansas, a daughter of R. E. Landon, who is still living in that state. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Rogg have been born three children: John Vern, whose birth 
occurred October 23, 1907; Erma B., who was born January 29, 1910; and Caro- 
line Bemice. Mrs. Rogg is a member of the Christian church. Mr. Rogg has 
membership with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and has filled all of the 
chairs in the local lodge. He is also connected with Dayton Lodge, No. 3, K. P. 
His political support is given to the democratic party and he has been elected a 
member of the city council by the vote of his fellow townsmen, who recognized 
his worth and ability and felt that public interests would be safe in his hands. 
The years of his residence in Dayton have brought him a wide acquaintance and 
his sterling worth has gained for him the high regard of those with whom he has 
been associated. 



FRANK C. ROBINSON, M. D., F. A. C. S. 

Prepared by comprehensive study at home and abroad. Dr. Frank C. Robin- 
son has won for himself a distinguished position in the ranks of the medical 
profession in Walla Walla and the northwest. He has wisely utilized his native 
talents and as the years have gone on his reading and research have kept him in 
touch with the trend of scientific attainment. He was bom in Blandinsville, Illi- 
nois, May 24, 1874, a son of Campbell and Elizabeth (Hungate) Robinson, both 
of whom were natives of McDonough county, Illinois, where they were reared 
and married. There they resided until 1875, when they removed to Taylor 
county, Iowa, and in 1892 they became residents of Walla Walla county, Wash- 
ington. The father purchased land at Bolles Junction, where he engaged in 
farming for ten years, and in 1902 he retired from active life, taking up his 
abode in the city of Walla Walla, where his remaining days were passed, his death 
occurring in 1913, while his widow survived until 1916. He was for a long period 
one of the most extensive and successful agriculturists of his locality, owning and 
cultivating two thousand acres of land at Bolles Junction. In his family were six 
children, namely: Frank C, of this review; Charles D., connected with the Lin- 
coln Trust Company, of Spokane, Washington ; Samuel E., a farmer of Imperial, 
California ; Lillian M., who is teaching in the high school of Hilliard, near Spokane, 
Washington ; Harry H., a physician now on duty as a captain in the Medical 
Reserve Corps at Waco, Texas ; and Myrtle V., the wife of William R. Howard, 
a teacher in the high school of Spokane. 

Dr. Frank C. Robinson was very young when the family went to Iowa and was 
a youth of about eighteen years when the removal was made to the northwest. He 
has since taken a most active interest in the development of the Inland Empire and 
has contributed in substantial measure to the work of progress and improvement 
along various lines. He was educated in the public schools and in the Waitsburg 
Academy, being graduated from the latter institution with the class of 1897. The 
following year he began preparation for the practice of medicine and surger\', 
entering Rush Medical College of Chicago in the fall of 1898. He was grad- 
uated from that institution on the completion of the four years' course as vale- 



14 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

dictorian of the class of 1902 and immediately afterward served an interne- 
ship of a year and a half in the Presbyterian Hospital of Chicago, thus gain- 
ing broad and valuable practical experience along professional lines. He wras 
afterward appointed superintendent of the Monroe Street Hospital in Chi- 
cago, in which capacity he served for a year. Desirous of further advanc- 
ing in his profession, he went abroad in August, 1905, for post-graduate work 
in Europe, pursuing his studies and his research work in \'ienna, Austria, 
where he remained until May, 1906, coming under the instruction of some of the 
most eminent physicians and surgeons of the old world. He then returned to his 
native land and opened an office in Walla Walla, where in the intervening period 
of eleven years he has won a place in the front ranks of medical practitioners. His 
ability is pronounced and he has gained a most creditable name and place in a pro- 
fession where advancement depends entirely upon individual merit. 

In 1905 Dr. Robinson was married to Miss Jessie Addle Morgan, a daughter 
of J. W. Morgan, a pioneer druggist and the foremost citizen of Waitsburg, Wash- 
ington. Mrs. Robinson is a graduate of the Washington State Normal School at 
Ellensburg and later was graduated from the University of Washington with the 
class of 1903. She is a lady of culture and refinement. 

Dr. Robinson is well known in fraternal circles, belonging to Walla Walla 
Lodge, No. 7, F. & A. M. ; also to Oriental Consistory, No. 2, A. & A. S. R., of 
Spokane. He has likewise crossed the sands of the desert with the Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine, having membership in El Katif Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., 
of Spokane. He belongs to Columbia Lodge, No. 8, K. P. Dr. Robinson belongs 
to the Walla Walla County Medical Society, the Washington State Medical 
Society and the American Medical Association. At the annual convocation of the 
American College of Surgeons in Chicago in October, 191 7, fellowship was con- 
ferred upon Dr. Robinson. He makes his practice his chief interest, allowing 
nothing to interfere with the faithful and conscientious performance of his profes- 
sional duties, and his comprehensive knowledge of the science of medicine, accu- 
rately applied, has gained him place with the eminent representatives of the pro- 
fession in this state. In July, 1917, he entered the United States service and was 
commissioned captain in the Medical Officers Reserve Corps and is now awaiting 
summons to the front. 



CHARLES A. KAUSCHE. 

Charles A. Kausche, a well known fanner of Garfield county with residence 
on section 21, township 12 north, range 41 east, was born in this county, May 
27, 1881, a son of Henry and Paulina (Lowenberg) Kausche, the former a 
native of Germany and the latter of Ohio. When only sixteen years of age 
the father came to the United States and in 1876 removed to Oregon. Four 
years later he came with his family to Garfield covmty, Washington, and took 
up a claim. As soon as possible he erected a rude house of the type known 
as a box house and in order to fence his land he hauled poles from the moun- 
tains twenty-five miles distant. In time he brought his place to a high state 
of development and erected excellent buildings thereon, being actively engaged 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 15 

in farming until 1902, when he retired and removed to Pomeroy. In 1903 he 
passed away there but his wife survives. 

Charles A. Kausche, who is one of the five Hving children of a family of 
eight, was reared at home and at the usual age became a pupil in the public 
schools, which he attended in the acquirement of an education. In 1904 he 
rented the old homestead and subsequently he bought the place, which com- 
prises eight hundred and seventy acres. He has erected excellent modern build- 
ings upon the place and has otherwise added to its value and it now ranks 
among the best developed farms of the locality. He uses up-to-date methods 
and implements in carrying on his work and also gives careful thought to the 
problem of marketing to advantage. 

Mr. Kausche was married in 1904 to Miss Odessa Trosper, who was born 
in Old Walla Walla county, a daughter of Joseph G. and Ena (Bonney) Tros- 
per, the former a native of Missouri. Two children have been born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Kausche, Floyd B. and Merle K. 

Mr. Kausche belongs to the Knights of Pythias and in politics supports the 
republican party. For some time he was clerk of the school board and he is 
strongly in favor of the best possible public schools. His extensive farming 
interests do not leave him much time for outside activities but it is generally 
known that he supports all movements seeking the material, civic or moral ad- 
vancement of his community. 



CHRISTIAN MILLER. 



Christian Miller, who is devoting his time and energies to the operation of 
a good farm on section 26, Russell Creek township, Walla Walla county, was 
born in Denmark, January 27, 1854, a son of Soren S. and Sarah M. Miller, 
who in 1862 came with their family to the United States. After residing for 
six years in Utah, where the father engaged in farming, they came to Walla 
Walla county, Washington, in 1868 with a colony composed of Mormons who 
had seceded from the church and also others who were never associated with 
that organization. The father belonged to the former class and he remained 
with the colony until it broke up in 1880 or 1881. He then acquired title to a 
small farm on Mill creek, where he continued to make his home until his 
death, which occurred March 26, 1897. 

Christian Miller had very little opportunity to attend school, as his boy- 
hood was passed in a frontier community, but he has learned many valuable 
lessons in the school of experience. He accompanied his parents on their re- 
moval to Walla Walla county and remained with the colony until it was dis- 
banded, after which he worked as a farm hand for a time. In 1889 he purchased 
his first farm, comprising one hundred and sixty acres on section 26, Russell 
Creek township, and has since added to his holdings from time to time until he 
now owns about four hundred acres of excellent land. He is engaged in diver- 
sified farming and has been very successful in his work. 

On the 8th of November, 1882, Mr. Miller was united in marriage to Miss 
Grace E. Davies. who was born in Kansas, June 18, 1855. Her father, W. W. 



16 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Davies, was a native of Wales, born August 8, 1833, and was at the head of the 
colony of settlers who came to this county. Before leaving Wales he was 
married August 24, 1854, to Miss Ann Jones, and they became the parents of 
twelve children. It was in 1855 that they came to America and for a time 
made their home in Utah and later in Montana, but in 1867 came to Walla 
Walla county, Washington. Mrs. Davies, who was born in Wales, March 29, 
1836, died May 19, 1879, and Mr. Davies passed away November 25, 1906. 
Three children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Miller, of whom two survive, namely : 
Sarah M., the wife of Elmer Meiner, a farmer of Russell Creek township; and 
Esther M., at home. 

Mr. Miller is a republican in politics and has served for a number of years 
on the school board, in which connection he has done valuable work for the 
schools. He belongs to the Modern Woodmen of America and has many friends 
within and without that organization. Through his own efforts he has gained 
financial independence, his success being based upon enterprise, hard work and 
good management. 



HON. LEVI ANKENY. 



With the history of development in the northwest Hon. Levi .\nkeny, of Walla 
\\'alla, is largely familiar. He has been a witness of the various phases of life 
during the progress from pioneer times to the days of present prosperity and he 
has ever borne his part in the work of general upbuilding and improvement, while 
at the same time he has so conducted his private business interests that substantial 
results have accrued. He has been active in connection with mining and with 
the copper industry and for many years he has occupied a most prominent position 
in banking circles. His business interests alone would entitle him to representa- 
tion in this volume and yet there are other phases of his life which also render 
him a most prominent and representative citizen of the northwest, for he has 
been United States senator and has done much to further the interests of this 
section of the country in the halls of national legislation. 

Mr. Ankeny was born near St. Joseph, Missouri, on the ist of August, 1844, 
a son of John and Charity (Geer) Ankeny, the fomier a native of Pennsylvania 
and the latter of the state of New York. Both were members of old families 
whose ancestry can be traced back to Revolutionary war times and who were 
represented by valiant soldiers in the struggle for independence. The father was 
a newspaper man in Milford, Pennsylvania, for a number of years and died 
while on a trip across the plains to Oregon in 1850. His widow continued the trip 
and spent her last years in Portland, Oregon. 

Levi Ankeny of this review was a little lad of but six summers when his 
parents started with the family on the long trip over the hot stretches of sand 
and through the mountain passes to the northwest, yet he remembers many 
incidents of that journey, which was made after the primitive manner of the 
times. He was reared on the Pacific coast and largely acquired his education in 
Kingsley Academy in Portland. After reaching adult age he was for several years 
engaged in merchandising in Orofino and in Florence. Idaho, selling goods from 




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PUBLIC Ub^AR^ 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 19 

pack trains all through the mining regions and also through the Fraser river 
country of British Columbia. He was also for several years with the Wells 
Fargo Express Company. During these years he became identified with the 
cattle industry and his herds roamed the plains of both Idaho and Washington. 
He was in Walla Walla in his cattle operations, grazing his herds throughout this 
section of the country in the early days before settlement had laid claim to the 
land. 

Mr. Ankeny's identification with financial interests in the northwest began on 
the 1st of January, 1878, when he organized the First National Bank of Walla 
Walla. He thus entered actively into a field of business in which he has made 
substantial progress and in which his efforts have contributed much to the up- 
building and development of this section as well. In 1882 he organized the First 
National Bank of Pendleton, Oregon, and a year later organized the First 
National Bank of Baker City, Oregon. The same year he founded the First 
National Bank of Waitsburg, Washington, and subsequently became the founder 
of the Columbia National Bank of Dayton, Washington. He settled the affairs 
of the Vancouver National Bank of Vancouver, British Columbia. He has since 
disposed of the bank at Baker City, Oregon, and also of the one in Vancouver 
but is still president of the other four banking institutions, the combined deposits 
of which at the present time amount to over seven million dollars. There is no 
phase of the banking business with which he is not familiar and he is thoroughly 
acquainted with all of the grave problems of finance .wliich confront the country. 
He has served as president of the State Banke^sl-A'3S0Giai:tDa..''He is actuated in all 
that he does by a most progressive spirit; and," f^dily-.dJSciimfnating between 
the essential and the non-essential in all biisine^.aff'airs, he has. so directed his 
efforts that success in notable measure has ^tteiKlte'd-.liis «n<i<?<ivors and reputation 
names him as the wealthiest resident of his county. Moreover, the policy that 
he has pursued is one which will bear the closest investigation and scrutiny and 
may well constitute an example that others may profitably follow. 

In 1867 Mr. Ankeny was united in marriage to Miss Jennie Nesmith, a 
daughter of James Nesmith, who was United States senator from Oregon. By 
this marriage have been born five children, four of whom are living: Nesmith, 
who is assistant cashier of the First National Bank at Pendleton, Oregon ; John 
who is vice president of the First National Bank at Walla Walla ; Robert, who 
operated a farm in the Willamette valley of Oregan but has volunteered and is 
now serving as a machinist in the Navy ; and Harriett, who is the wife of Colonel 
Francis Pope, of the United States army, formerly stationed at San Antonio, 
Texas, but now in France. 

Mr. Ankeny has not only done much to develop the material interests and 
resources of this section of the country but has also contributed in large measure 
to shaping its political history. He has always been a stalwart champion of the 
republican party and upon its ticket was elected in 1903 to represent Washington 
in the United States senate, serving in that august body for six years, during 
which period he most carefully considered the vital questions which came up for 
settlement and threw the weight of his aid and influence on the side of progress, 
reform and improvement. He is a thirty-second degree Mason, being identified 
with all the Masonic bodies of both the York and Scottish Rites. He has served 
as grand master. He belongs to Walla Walla Commandery, No. 2, K. T., and is 



20 OLD WALl.A WALLA COUNTY 

a member of El Kader Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. He also has membership 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Benevolent Protective Order 
of Elks. His religious faith is evidenced in his membership in the Episcopal 
church and that he is appreciative of the social amenities of life is indicated in 
his identification with the Country Club. Mr. Ankeny is recognized as one of 
the strong men of the northwest, strong in his honor and his good name, strong 
in his ability to plan and perform. What he has undertaken he has accomplished 
and, moreover, he has not only promoted his indi\idual interests but his activities 
have ever been of a character which have advanced the public prosjierity as well. 



CARY MELVIN RADER. 

Cary Melvin Rader, a leading member of the bar of Walla Walla, engaged in 
general practice, was born in Carroll county, Indiana, July 27, 1868. His father, 
Solomon Rader, was also a native of the Hoosier state, born October 8, 1827. He 
devoted his life to farming in early manhood and afterward took up merchan- 
dising. He was a veteran of the Indian wars of the northwest and crossed the 
plains in 1852.- He participated in the Modoc and Rogue River wars of 1853 
and 1857. Later he returned to Indiana and became actively identified 
with its agricultural and commercial interests. But longing for the west he 
came to Walla Walla, Washington, in 1901, there remaining until his death, which 
occurred Deceinber 2, 1912. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Martha 
Ann Stewart, was born in Indiana, May 30, 1827, and is still living at the 
notable old age of ninety years, her home being in Walla Walla. 

Cary M. Rader was the only child of that marriage. He obtained a com- 
mon school education in his native state and afterward attended the Central 
Normal College at Danville, Indiana, where he pursued a law course. He 
was there graduated on the 28th of July, 1891, and was admitted to the bar, 
but in May, 1892, came to Walla Walla and has since been an active repre- 
sentative of the legal profession of this city. He entered into partnership with 
Senator Poindexter, with whom he was associated for about four years, after 
which he practiced alone for a few years, and then becatne a partner of Frank 
B. Sharpstein. Their connection continued for four years and Mr. Rader was 
then alone in practice for a brief period. He afterward entered into partner- 
ship with W. R. King, who later became a supreme judge of Oregon, and upon 
the dissolution of that partnership he became connected with E. F. Barker, 
forming the present firm of Rader & Barker. This association has since been 
maintained and the firm occupies a very prominent position at the Walla Walla 
bar. Along with those qualities indispensable to the lawyer Mr. Rader brought 
to the starting point of his legal career certain rare gifts, including forceful- 
ness of expression and a strong personality. He possesses a keen, rapid, log- 
ical mind, plus the business sense, and a ready capacity for hard work. He 
has, too, an excellent presence, an earnest, dignified manner and marked strength 
of character, which, combined with a thorough grasp of the law and the abil- 
ity to accurately apply its principles, has made him a most efTective advocate 
and a wise counselor. While continuing in general law practice, he has spe- 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 21 

cialized in corporation law and is thoroughly well informed concerning that 
department of jurisprudence. He served for one term as city attorney in 1896. 
In addition to his professional interests he is a director of the Peoples State 
Bank, to which office he was elected on the organization of the bank, and he 
has considerable farming interests. 

On the 13th of September, 1893, Mr. Rader was united in marriage to 
Miss Hattie Miller, a native of Eaton, Ohio, "and a daughter of Charles Mil- 
ler, a resident of that city. Her mother has passed away. Mr. and Mrs. Rader 
have become the parents of three children, Ralph Waldo, Martha Bernice and 
Melvin Miller. 

In his political views Mr. Rader is an earnest democrat, believing firmly 
in the principles of the party, yet never seeking office. He attends the Con- 
gregational church and is a faithful follower of the Masonic fraternity, being 
now a past master of Walla Walla Lodge, No. 7, A. F. & A. M. There have 
been no spectacular phases in his career, but in a profession where advance- 
ment depends entirely upon individual merit and ability he has worked his 
way steadily upward. His practice is now extensive and of an important 
character. At no time has his reading ever been confined to the limitations 
of the question at issue and he is recognized not only in professional circles 
but otherwise as a man of well rounded character, of finely balanced mind and 
splendid intellectual attainments. 



JUDGE JOHN W. HOLMAN. 

Judge John W. Holman, of Dayton, has an unusual record of public serv- 
ice, having for twenty-two years been police judge and justice of the peace, and 
for seven years he was court commissioner. He was born in Monroe county, 
Indiana, May 22, 1844, a son of Thomas and Laura (Parker) Holman, pioneers 
of the Hoosier state. He was reared under the parental roof and at the usual 
age entered the district schools. When eighteen years old he volunteered for 
service in the Union army and from the time of his enlistment, on the 6th of 
August, 1862, until after the close of the war he was with the armed forces of 
the government. His record includes service in the battles of Ball Bluff, Port 
Gibson, the siege of Vicksburg and the engagements at Jackson, Mansfield, Pleas- 
ant Hill, Grandicor, Fort Gaines, Fort Morgan, Big Black, Champion Hills and 
Raymond. 

On returning to civil life Judge Holman removed to Illinois, where he engaged 
in farming until 1868. In that year he became a resident of Nebraska and there 
made his home until 1876, when he cast in his lot with the Pacific northwest. 
During the intervening forty-one years he has lived at Dayton and has become 
one of the foremost citizens of that town and, in fact, of Columbia county. 
In 1888 he was appointed deputy sheriff under W. R. Marcus, and two years 
later was elected justice of the peace. Subsequently he became police judge and 
for twenty-two years he filled both offices. In the discharge of his duties he 
manifested a fine sense of justice and an unusual ability to read human nature. 



22 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

For seven years he was also court commissioner under Judge R. F. Sturde- 
vant, and in that connection also he was thoroughly competent. 

Judge Holman was married in Nebraska in 1869, to Miss Louisa E. Linn, 
a native of Ohio. They became the parents of the following children: Laura 
A. ; Ernest A. ; Jessie P. ; Olive F. ; Lola C. ; Nellie L. ; John W., Jr., deceased ; 
Dorothy C. ; Charles D. ; and Donald L. 

Judge Holman has been a republican almost since the organization of the 
party and his advice has often been sought by the local party leaders. At one 
time he was the republican councilman from Brooklyn. He has always been 
justly proud of the fact that at the time of the country's need he offered him- 
self in defense of the Union, and he finds great pleasure in the association with 
other veterans of the Civil war in the local post of the Grand Army of the 
Republic. Fraternally he is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows. His strength of character and his unswerving adherence to high stand- 
ards of morality have gained him the respect of his community, and, moreover, 
he has won an unusually large number of personal friends, owing to his kindly 
nature and his evident goodwill toward all. One evidence of his popularity is 
the fact that while serving as justice of the peace he performed more marriages 
than any other official or clergyman in the county and in many instances mar- 
ried two generations of the same family. He has the satisfaction of know- 
ing that he has discharged in full every duty devolving upon him, and that 
during a long life he has at ajl tiHTes-pfOved^a-man of genuine worth, an official 
devoted to the public welfare •:•-«'-; •'-■'• 

V" 

:! r^'^-v ■ — ■ — 

i .S-; ■ I ^ -^ ■ ■ ■ 

JUDGE BENJAMIN L.'SHARPSTEIN. 

No history such as this work defines in its essential limitations will serve to 
offer fitting memorial to Judge Benjamin L. Sharpstein, who left the impress 
of his individuality for good upon the commonwealth in many ways and whose 
career ever reflected honor upon the state that honored him. A Mexican war 
veteran, a pioneer, lawyer, legislator and member of the state constitutional 
convention, he indeed played an important part in shaping the annals of Wash- 
ington. For forty-two years he was a resident of Walla Walla and through that 
period was not only closely connected with its interests and development but 
was also associated with many of the movements which have shaped the policy 
and directed the upbuilding of the state. 

Judge Sharpstein was a native of the state of New York, his birth having 
occurred in Bath, Steuben county, October 22, 1827. He was a lad of seven years 
when his parents removed westward to Michigan, settling first in Macomb county, 
where they resided until their removal to Sheboygan county, Wisconsin. In the 
family were two sons, John and Benjamin L. The former became an attorney 
of Kenosha, Wisconsin, and later went to San Francisco, California, where he 
served as a judge of the supreme court. After the Civil war his brother Benjamin 
read law with him for some time. Reared upon the home farm, Judge Sharp- 
stein divided his time between the work of the schoolroom, the pleasures of the 
playground and such tasks as were assigned him in connection with the develop- 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 

ASTOR. 'ENO*. 

1 1 n. ■■. ■-- I.- NOATIOlHfc 




BENvJAMIN 1_,-. SHARPSTEIN 




MR3.BEN-JAM1N L.SHARP STEIN 



\ PJBLIC L13HARY 






OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 27 

nient of the fields. He did not care, however, to make farming his life work 
and turned from agriculture to a professional career, it being his desire to prepare 
for the bar. He therefore entered upon his studies, which, however, were 
interrupted when he was nineteen years of age, for in 1846 his patriotic spirit 
was aroused and he joined the American amiy as a soldier in the Mexican war. 
Upon the close of hostilities with that country he returned to his home and 
resumed the study of law, being admitted to the bar in 1852. 

Judge Sharpstein was married in 1854 to Miss Sarah J. Park, who was 
indeed a faithful companion and helpmate to him on life's journey. She has long 
figured prominently in the social circles of Walla Walla and her life has been 
fraught with many good deeds and characterized by the highest principles. 
Following their marriage Judge and Mrs. Sharpstein continued to reside in the 
middle west until 1865, when they determined to try their fortune on the Pacific 
coast and with their three eldest children, John L., Ada A. and Arthur P., they 
left the Mississippi valley and with a large train of immigrants started across 
the plains for Oregon. The city of Salem, Oregon, was their objective point but 
on reaching Walla Walla, Judge Sharpstein was so favorably impressed with 
the opportunities of this section that he determined to make his home here. There- 
after he was identified with the city and was a most important and influential 
factor in advancing the best interests of the community, in promoting its progress 
and upbuilding and in upholding its standards of citizenship. He not only held 
high rank as a lawyer but was also prominent iij shaping the political history of 
his state. At the bar he was forceful and resoXirceful.. He tad .comprehensive 
knowledge of the principles of jurisprudencfe and- was most, accurate in applying 
those principles to the points in litigation. His arguments were most logical, his 
reasoning sound and clear and his deductions -accurate. 

In political faith Judge Sharpstein was a democrat and held loyally to the 
principles of his party, although he knew that such a course would deprive him 
of many political honors, for the district and state in which he lived were over- 
whelmingly republican. However, his fellow townsmen recognized his genuine 
worth and patriotic spirit to such an extent that in 1866, again in 1879 and once 
more in 1886 he was elected to represent his district in the state legislature by 
overwhelming majorities. In 1889 he was chosen as a member of the state 
constitutional convention and aided in framing the organic law of Washington. 
He left the permanent stamp of his wisdom and farsightedness upon that valuable 
document. His marked ability as a lawyer, combined with his patriotic citizenship 
and his keen insight into the present needs and the future possibilities of the state, 
made his service of the greatest worth to the commonwealth and he bore a most 
important part in shaping the constitution. He was again called to public office in 
1890, when he was appointed a member of the tide land commission, 

Judge Sharpstein was also a leader in local affairs and for twenty-seven years 
in all, with some periods of intenuission, he served as a member of the school 
board and during much of that time was its president. He did most effective 
work in advancing the standards of the schools and improving the methods of in- 
struction, and one of the fine school buildings of W^alla Walla fittingly bears 
his name. 

While many public interests thus claimed his time and attention, Judge 
Sharpstein regarded the practice of law as his real life work and, admitting his 
Vol. n — 2 



28 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

three sons to a partnership, thus organized one of the strongest legal firms of 
Washington. One of his sons, Arthur P., died in 1896. Two sons, John L. 
and Frank B., are still engaged in the practice of law in Walla Walla, while the 
youngest son, Charles M., has made for himself a national reputation as farmer, 
art critic and writer. He, too, is a resident of W'alla Walla. The only daughter, 
Ada A., is now the widow of C. B. Upton and lives in Tacoma. Mrs. Sharp- 
stein is still li\ing and although now almost eighty years of age is wonderfully well 
preserved, being able to do her own marketing and attend to her business affairs. 
The family of Judge Sharpstein has worthily maintained the high position estab- 
lished by the father, who departed this life i\Liy 2, iQO/, honored and respected 
by all who knew him. His memory is enshrined in the hearts of those with 
whom he came in contact and his name is written large on the pages of Washing- 
ton's history. 



GEORGE J. RUARK. 



George J. Ruark, one of the prominent citizens of Garfield county, is actively 
identified with farming interests and now makes his home in Pomeroy. He 
was bom in Jefferson county, Kansas, August 17, 1858, a son of Thomas and 
Mary A. (Messenger) Ruark, who were natives of Illinois and of Ohio respec- 
tively. In early life they removed with their respective parents to Wayne 
county, Iowa, and were there married. They began their domestic life in that 
county, where they continued to reside until 1857 or 1858, when they became 
residents of Kansas but after two years returned to Wayne county, Iowa, 
whence in 1862 they started across the plains with ox teams and wagons for the 
Pacific coast. The journey was a long and arduous one, but day after day 
they pushed forward and eventually reached Clarke county, Washington, where 
they located, establishing their home ten miles north of Vancouver, where they 
lived until the spring of 1871. In that year they became residents of Walla 
Walla county and Mr. Ruark engaged in the live stock business until the spring 
of 1879. In the fall of 1878 he and his family removed to what is now Gar- 
field county, establishing their home near Deadman's Hollow, eighteen miles 
east of Pomeroy. There the father engaged in fanning until 1890 and, add- 
ing to his possessions from time to time, he acquired ten hundred and forty 
acres of valuable wheat land. In the spring of 1890 he removed to Whitman 
county, his son, George J. Ruark, taking charge of the old home farm in Gar- 
field county. The father then continued in active connection with farming and 
live stock interests in Whitman county until 1900, when he retired from busi- 
ness life and removed to Asotin, Washington. He owned four hundred and 
twenty acres of land in Whitman county, which he leased on his removal to 
Asotin, where he still maintained his residence at date of death, January 8. 
1908. His widow still survives and is now a resident of Pomeroy. In poli- 
tics the father was a democrat and took active interest in the work and suc- 
cess of the party. For a number of years he served as postmaster of Dead- 
man but otherwise refused public office. He belonged to the United Brethren 
church and was one of the sterling citizens of Garfield county. 



OLD \\ALLA WALLA COUNTY 29 

George J. Ruark was educated in the district schools and was reared to 
farm life, early becoming familiar with all of the duties and labors that fall 
to the lot of the agriculturist. In the fall of 1883 he began farming on his own 
account, renting land in conjunction with his brother Charles and with his 
father. The Bowman ranch of one thousand acres, which they operated in 
partnership for three years, returned to them a gratifying annual income and 
on the expiration of that period George J. Ruark began farming independently, 
renting two hundred and seventeen acres of the same ranch. This he cultivated 
for a year and in 1888, having carefully saved his earnings, he bought a small 
place on which he located. He also continued to cultivate rented land in con- 
nection with his home farm and in the fall of 1889 he rented his father's farm 
of ten hundred and forty acres, which he continued to cultivate for five years. 
He then returned to his own place, which he farmed in connection with other 
land until the fall of 1902, when he sold that property and bought his present 
farm of fourteen hundred and twenty acres, situated at the head of Deadman's 
Hollow. This is now being cultivated by a tenant, and Mr. Ruark established 
his home in Pomeroy in the fall of 1903. From this point he directs and super- 
vises his business interests and at the same time he has the enjoyment of city 
life. 

In 1889 Mr. Ruark was united in marriage to Miss Olive Vannausdle, of 
Garfield county, a daughter of Harris Vannausdle, who came from Nebraska 
in 1884. He is still living and makes his home among his children. Mr. and 
Mrs. Ruark have an adopted daughter, Elma Maurene. 

Politically Mr. Ruark is a democrat and on the party ticket was elected 
a member of the board of county commissioners in 1894, filling the position for 
four years in a most acceptable and creditable manner. Fraternally he is con- 
nected with the Woodmen of the World. He ranks with the leading and repre- 
sentative men of Garfield county, for by his enterprising efforts he has con- 
tributed much to the upbuilding and development of this section. He stands for 
progress and improvement along all lines and his cooperation can ever be 
counted upon to further any well devised plan for the general good. 



DAVID B. FERREL. 



David B. Ferrel, a well known farmer of Russell Creek township, Walla 
Walla county, was bom August 8, 1870, a son of Brewster and Caroline (Bott) 
Ferrel, both natives of Ohio, an extended sketch of whom appears elsewhere 
in this work. David B. Ferrell was reared at home and after attending the 
district schools for a number of years became a student in the Walla Walla 
schools. In the meantime he had received thorough training in farm work un- 
der his father and when twenty-one years of age he became his father's part- 
ner in the operation of the home farm of two thousand acres. The greater 
part of the active supervision of the work devolves upon Mr. Ferrel of this 
review and he is one of the largest grain growers of his township, having 
under cultivation in 1917 more than a thousand acres. He has reduced the 
operation of his farm to a scientific basis, uses the most modem machinery and 



30 OLD WAIJ.A WALLA COUNTY 

is highly efficient in the management of the business aspect of his work. He 
beheves that the fanner should give to bis work the same careful study that 
the business man docs to the conduct of bis affairs and he is always among the 
first to adopt improved methods and equipment. 

On the 2d of November, 1904, Mr. Ferrel was united in marriage to Miss 
Laura Wolfe, of Oakland, Maryland, and they have two children, Carlton D. 
and Dorothy B. Mr. Ferrel has never allied himself with any political party, 
preferring to cast an independent ballot. He is a member of the school board 
and takes a lively interest in educational matters. Both he and his wife belong 
to the Methodist Episcopal church and can be depended upon to support all 
movements for the upbuilding of the community along moral as well as along 
material lines. They have a wide acquaintance and are uniformly held in high 
regard. 



HARVEY McDonald. 

Harvey McDonald, who has lived retired in Walla Walla for the past fifteen 
years, was long actively identified with agricultural interests as one of the 
extensive operators of the wheat belt and is still the owner of five hundred and 
twenty-five acres in Walla Walla county, eight hundred and thirty-one acres in 
Whitman county, this state, and four hundred and forty acres in Umatilla 
county, Oregon. His birth occurred in Ontario, Canada, on the loth of March, 
1857, his parents being John and Margaret (Kinnear) McDonald, who were also 
natives of that province. There the father spent his entire life, passing away in 
1863, when his son Harvey was but six years of age. The mother afterward 
reared her family and in later years made her home among her children, her 
death occurring in Weston, Oregon. 

Harvey McDonald acquired his education in the common schools of Ontario, 
Canada, and there spent the first twenty-three years of his life. In 1880 he 
crossed the border into the United States, locating in Umatilla county, Oregon, 
where he engaged in farming. Success attended his efforts as a wheat grower 
and he became one of the extensive operators of the wheat belt, acquiring large 
holdings which he still retains. About 1897 he took up his abode in the city of 
Walla Walla in order that his children might have the advantages of its schools. 
For five years thereafter he devoted his attention to the real estate business 
but since 1902 has lived retired in the enjoyment of well earned rest, leaving the 
cultivation of his farms to tenants. He was one of the organizers of the People's 
State Bank and has served as a director of the institution continuously to the 
present time. 

In 1885 Mr. McDonald was united in marriage to Miss Nora Richardson, 
a daughter of John Richardson, one of the prominent ranchmen and pioneer 
settlers of Umatilla county, Oregon. The children of Mr. and Mrs. McDonald 
are three in number, as follows : Clara, who is the wife of C. B. Weathermon. 
an agriculturist residing in Umatilla county, Oregon ; Areta, who gave her hand 
in marriage to S. Henderson Boyles, of Spokane, Washington; and Esther, the 
wife of Lindon Barnett, of Walla Walla. 




HARVEY Mcdonald 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 33 

Politically Mr. McDonald is a republican, loyally supporting the men and 
measures of that party at the polls. Prior to the inauguration of the commission 
form of government he served for fourteen months as a member of the city 
council and in that connection made a most excellent record. Fraternally he is 
identified with the Woodmen of the World, while his religious faith is indicated 
in his membership in the Methodist church, to which his wife also belongs. His 
course has at all times commended him to the confidence and respect of his 
fellowmen and he is widely recognized as one of the representative, substantial 
and esteemed citizens of Walla Walla. 



ANTHONY FEIDER. 



Anthony Feider, an energetic and up-to-date farmer residing on section i, 
township II north, range 42 east, Garfield county, was born in Germany, Jan- 
uary 12, 1884, and is a son of S. A. and Rosa (Pohl) Feider, who in 1890 
removed with their family to the United States. For some time they resided 
in Walla Walla county, Washington, and then came to Garfield county, pur- 
chasing the farm on which they still live. All of their six children also survive. 

Anthony Feider received the greater part of his education in Garfield county 
and remained at home until he attained his majority,. .during -which time he 
became thoroughly familiar with the various phasies of ''fetril:worl^ On begin- 
ning his independent career he decided to devote HiS' 'life io 'the occupation to 
which he had been reared and is now successfully opeya,ting five hundred acres be- 
longing to his father. He harvests a large aniount of grain annually and also 
raises high grade stock, from the sale of which he derfves'"a good profit. 

In 1907 Mr. Feider was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Pierre, who 
was born in Minnesota. Their children as follows : Paul A., Vincent A., John 
F., Joseph S., Edward P. and Albert W. Mr. and Mrs. Feider are communi- 
cants of the Catholic church and are always willing to further its work in every 
way possible. He is a member of the Knights of Columbus, and his person- 
ality is such that he has made many friends within and without that organization. 
In politics he is a stanch republican but he has never had time to give to pub- 
lic affairs, his farming operations requiring his undivided attention. 



FRANK KIBLER. 



Frank Kibler, who resides on section 5, Spring Creek township, Walla Walla 
county, is devoting his time exclusively to the operation of the large farm 
properties owned by the Kibler estate, and his well directed efforts are rewarded 
by gratifying profits. He was born May 18, 1882, in the township in which 
he still lives, and is a son of Jacob and Louisa (Buroker) Kibler. The father 
was a native of Shenandoah county, Virginia, and in 1853 came to the Pacific 
coast, locating in California, where he spent five years in the gold fields. In 
1858 he removed to W^alla W^alla county, Washington, and for several years, 



34 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

or until the coming of the railroad, he was engaged in freighting. After rail 
transportation was established he turned his attention to farming, becoming the 
owner of land on Mill creek, about six miles east of Walla Walla. He pros- 
pered in his farming operations and became the owner of fifteen hundred acres 
of as fine farm land as can be found in the state. He continued to give his 
attention to tlie management of his afifairs until his death, which occurred in 
September, 1908. His wife, who was born in the middle west, accompanied 
her parents on the long overland journey to Walla Walla county in 1864. 
She survives and still resides on the homestead. 

Frank Kibler was reared under the parental roof and his experiences were 
those common to boys raised in a western pioneer community. He attended 
the district schools and also aided in such of the farm work as was within his 
strength, and by the time he had reached maturity he was an experienced 
agriculturist. He and his three brothers have always farmed in partnership 
and since the death of the father they have added extensively to their land 
holdings, which are all in the name of the Kibler estate. They are progres- 
sive and up-to-date, and no invention that will facilitate the work of the 
fann is lacking upon their properties. Moreover, their residence rivals in 
attractiveness and in modern equipment the best city homes, and the barns 
and other buildings are likewise of the latest type. Their farms are modern 
in equipment and illustrate the possibilities of farm life when the agriculturist 
brings to his work the same careful study and the same willingness to adopt 
new methods that characterize the successful business man along other lines. 

Frank Kibler married Miss Leora McLeran, of Moscow, Idaho. She is a 
member of the Christian church and takes a praiseworthy interest in its work. 
Mr. Kibler supports the democratic party at the polls but has never been an 
active party worker, for his entire time has been taken up with the manage- 
ment of his farming interests. He has a wide acquaintance in the county in 
which his entire life has been spent, and his sterling worth is indicated in the 
fact that his stanchest friends are those who have known him intimately since 
boyhood. 



F. M. SANDERS. 



F. M. Sanders, a successful farmer residing in Walla Walla township, was 
bom in Walla Walla county, December 31, 1873, a son of John and Rebecca 
(Meredith) Sanders, the former a native of Indiana and the latter of Ohio. 
In 1865 they crossed the continent with ox teams and located upon a farm east 
of Dixie, in Walla Walla county, where both resided until called by death. To 
them were born seven children, of whom six survive. 

F. M. Sanders was reared and received his education in this county and 
gained valuable training in farm work under his father's direction. When he 
attained his majority he began farming on his own account and for thirty years 
he has made his home upon his present place, which comprises one hundred 
and sixty acres of excellent land in Walla Walla township. The improve- 
ments thereon are substantial and up-to-date, and his labors are rewarded by 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 35 

good crops. He is also a director of the Self-Oiling Wheel & Bearing Com- 
pany of Walla Walla. 

Mr. Sanders was married in May, 1907, to Miss Minnie BHven, a native 
of Minnesota, and they became the parents of three children, Lester F., Irene 
L. and Ralph H. On the 12th of May, 1917, the wife and mother passed away 
and she was laid to rest in the College Place cemetery. She was a consistent mem- 
ber of the Seventh Day Adventist church and her upright Christian life gained 
her the respect of all with whom she came in contact. 

Mr. Sanders is a democrat in politics and has served acceptably as a mem- 
ber of the school board. He belongs to the Farmers Union and is interested 
in every movement that tends to advance the interests of agriculturists. 



JAMES J. EDWARDS, 



James J. Edwards, the highly efficient president of the Edwards-Hindle 
Company, conducting one of the leading department stores in southeastern 
Washington, is recognized as a foremost factor in the commercial development 
of Dayton. His rapid advancement to his present position is indicative of 
what can be accomplished in tlie inland empire when a man is energetic, sound 
of judgment and determined to succeed, for he began his business career as 
cash boy and has at all times depended solely upon his own resources. 

His birth occurred in Tennessee, October 22, 1873, and his educational 
opportunities were in no way better than those afforded the average boy. 
In fact many a man who consoles himself with the thought that if he had had 
a chance he might have accomplished something had, in his youth, more favor- 
able opportunities than did James J. Edwards. He was early compelled to 
make his own living and his first position was that of cash boy, with a salary 
of two dollars per week. He was faithful in the discharge of his duties in 
that connection, and being keen of observation even in that position, gained 
much information concerning the conduct of a store. His ability and fidelity 
were rewarded by advancement, and as the years passed he became increas- 
ingly familiar with merchandising. In 1899 he came to Dayton and took charge 
of the clothing department of the store owned by T. M. Hanger & Company. 
Subsequently he was promoted to the head of the dry goods department of 
that business and he retained that position until the company retired from 
business in Dayton and removed to Walla Walla. Mr. Kdwards then organ- 
ized the Edwards-Hindle Company, with a capital of fifty thousand dollars 
and took over the store formerly conducted by T. M. Hanger & Company, the 
new management taking charge of the place October 29, 1906. In the inter- 
vening eleven years the trade has shown a steady and rapid growth, the floor 
space has been increased, the store now occupying all the original Weinhard 
block at the corner of Main and Second streets. The location is one of the 
best in the city and in itself is an indication of the success that has attended 
the activities of Mr. Edwards and his associates. The store is well organized 
and carries a full line of dry goods, clothing and all kinds of groceries. Its 
policy has always been to carry, as far as possible, trade marked goods of 



36 OLD \\"ALL.\ WALLA COUNTY 

national reputation, and its large patronage is further increased by the fact 
that the stock is so complete as to offer a large range for selection in every 
department. It is known as "The House of Quality," which slogan expresses 
the policy rigorously carried out in the management of the business. 

Mr. Edwards was married in Oakesdale, Washington, to Miss Laura Gra- 
ham in 1893 and they have one child living, Lloyd G. Edwards. Mrs. Edwards 
died in 1899. ^^^- Edwards was married to Miss Celeste Price in 1908. He 
is devoted to the interests of his family and takes a great deal of pleasure in 
his beautiful home on South First street, which is one of the finest residences 
in Dayton. A great deal of thought and care has been given to its interior 
decoration, and all of the modern conveniences have been installed. Although 
at no time indifferent to political questions Mr. Edwards has not taken a very 
active part in civic affairs, preferring to give his entire attention to the man- 
agement of his extensive business interests. He has found in the develop- 
ment of the Edwards-Hindle department store full scope for his executive 
ability and energy, and has derived great satisfaction from his effective work 
in building up its trade. His ability as a merchant is universally recognized, 
and during the years of his residence in Dayton he has also gained a place in 
the warm regard of many because of his admirable qualities as a man. 



LEWIS McMORRIS. 



Among the honored early settlers of Washington was Lewis McMorris, who 
in 1852 came to the Pacific coast and throughout the remainder of his life was 
identified with the interests of this section of the country. He was here before 
the city of Walla Walla was founded and he saw its development and assisted 
in its making. With his brother Joseph and his sisters, Mrs. Sarah Funk and 
Mrs. Emma Craig, he lived for years in the evening of his days on First street 
in Walla Walla. He was bom in Coshocton, Ohio, August 12, 1831, and came 
of Scotch ancestry, the family having been founded in America in 1774 by a 
representative of the name who served in the Revolutionary war and who settled 
near Winchester, Virginia. After the establishment of American independence 
the family was founded in Ohio and in later generations representatives of the 
name went to Shelby county, Illinois, and there engaged in farming. 

Lewis McMorris was one of the family who went to Illinois and on attaining 
his majority he was fitted out by his father to accompany a bachelor neighbor 
and a party to California. It was in the month of March, 1852, that they started 
vi'est with ox teams, crossing the plains and meeting with many of the hardships 
and privations which fell to the lot of the pioneers. It was in that year that the 
cholera proved so terrible a scourge and all the way from the Missouri river 
graves dotted the trail. With only a sheet for a shroud and without a casket the 
bodies were lowered into their graves and the traveler, starting out full of hope, 
was laid to his last sleep. Often five newly made graves were to be seen in a day. 
The party with which Mr. McMorris traveled consisted of a train of three 
wagons at the start but they were afterward joined by six wagons en route at 
St. Joseph, Missouri, and on the 15th of September, 1852, they reached Fosters, 




LEWIS McMORRIS 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 39 

near Oregon City. There the oxen and wagons were sold and horses were pur- 
chased by those who desired to go on to the mines. They made pack saddles, 
loaded the horses and pressed on to southern Oregon, where a year and a half 
was spent at Sutter Creek, at Crescent City and at other mines. They were not 
successful there, however, and pressed on to Yreka, California, where Mr. Mc- 
Morris again engaged in mining. The Rogue River Indian war, however, broke 
out in southern Oregon, causing him to change his location and he made his way 
to the northern part of the state. He became a packer, rushing goods from 
Portland to the mines at Colville. After one of these trips he hired the team of 
mules to the quartermaster of the Oregon Volunteers to haul supplies to their 
headquarters at The Dalles. On the second trip the Indians stole both mules and 
supplies. On the 7th of December, 1855, the battle of the Walla Walla with the 
Indians was begun on Walla Walla river west of the present site of the city, a 
battle that lasted for four days and in which several thousand Indians were lined 
up against a few hundred white volunteers. The white men, however, were 
victorious and it was a memorable battle because it was a victory of a few over 
many arid also because it marked the beginning of a lasting peace between the 
Indians and the white settlers in that vicinity. Mr. IMcMorris was one of tlig 
active participants in that battle. In 1856, when the troops camped at what 
became old Fort Walla Walla they moved about four miles up Mill creek but 
decided that the first stopping place was best and returned. It was this that 
decided the location of Walla Walla. Mr. McMoTf^, aisisted in-building the 
canton, as the old fort was called, which was mad^ {roiji-'tji^"varidu,s; .trees which 
grew along the banks of Mill creek. Years late^ wheri'tnig land"" was -sold for 
building purposes in order to extend the present city, it-"was desired to saive intact 
some of the old fort buildings, to place them in tlie .city ..park _^s historic relics, 
but it was found that the timber had rotted so that they crumbled away. In 1857 
Mr. McMorris made the trip to the Willamette valley to buy teams for the 
government. On his return he began freighting for McClinchey & Freedman. 
who were proprietors of the first mercantile house in this city, located at the 
corner of Third and Main streets. In 1S59 he began buying cattle and to secure 
a watering place for his herd he purchased land which included the present site 
of Wallula. The winter of 1861-2 was an exceedingly hard one and by spring 
his herd of two hundred and seventy head had decreased to forty. He next 
turned his attention to the mercantile business, in which he engaged with his 
brother, but this enterprise did not prove profitable and he sold his interest in 
the business. W^ien land was thrown open to settlement he secured a preemption 
claim at a dollar and a quarter per acre, his place being located two miles south 
of the town now known as the Hammond Farm. It was there that he conducted 
his stock-raising venture for several years and at the same time operated a pack 
train to Boise, Idaho. After closing out his mercantile interests with his brother 
he was for four years the owner of a stage line operating between Dayton, 
Washington, and Lewiston, Idaho. He laid out the town of Wallula and donated 
to the railroad company the land which they used for depot purposes there. 

His long and useful life was ended in 1915. He passed away at his home in 
Walla Walla at the ripe old age of eighty-four years. He had never married 
but he left a brother and two sisters. The brother, however, died in the spring 
of 1917. There are also four nephews and one niece: the Funk brothers, who 



40 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

are engaged in merchandising in Walla Walla ; the Craig brothers, of Illinois ; 
and Agnes Lillian Piirdy, of Portland, Oregon. Mr. AIcMorris was a member 
of the Oregon Pioneer Society, the Inland Empire Pioneers Association and the 
Indian War Veterans. Throughout the long years of his residence in this locality 
he became very widely and favorably known and he left many friends as well 
as relatives to mourn his loss. lie performed an important part in promoting 
the early development and upbuilding of this section of the country and with 
many events which have left their impress upon the history of the northwest 
his name is inseparably associated. 



JOSEPH F. TACHI. 



Joseph F. Tachi, who passed away August 8, 19 12, was a well known citizen 
of Walla Walla county. He was a native of Italy and came to America thirty- 
seven years ago. He did not tarry on the Atlantic seaboard but crossed the 
coimtry and settled in Walla Walla county, Washington, where he took up the 
occupation of gardening, which he followed with success, developing a good 
business in that connection. He continued active in gardening up to the time 
of his demise, which occurred in 1912. 

Almost a quarter of a century before, on June 9, 1889, at Walla Walla 
Mr. Tachi was united in marriage to Miss Antonia Coboch, who was likewise 
bom in the sunny land of Italy and came to the new world when twenty-seven 
years of age. She owns ten acres of valuable land on section 36, township 7 
north, range 35 east, at College Place and she is also the owner of the Star 
Laundry and a brick building which contains five storerooms and which re- 
turns to her a most gratifying annual income from its rental. In addition to 
these investments she owns thirty-one acres of land which is splendidly im- 
proved. She belongs to St. Francis Catholic church, of which Mr. Tachi was 
also a member, and he was a member of the Knights of Columbus, the Cath- 
olic Knights of America, and the Red Men. During their residence in Walla 
Walla county Mr. and Mrs. Tachi gained many warm friends, he being well 
known as a representative business man. Mrs. Tachi has also proved most 
capable in the management and control of her interests, and her property is 
now bringing to her a substantial annual income. 



MICHAEL MARTIN. 



Michael Martin, a well known farmer residing on section 2, township 6 
north, range 35 east, Walla Walla county, is entitled to the honor that is accorded 
the self-made man, for he has gained the competence that is now his solely 
through his own labors. He was bom in County Galway, Ireland, September 5, 
1835, and is a son of John and Ann (Larkin) Martin, both of whom spent their 
entire lives in County Galway. Michael Martin was reared and educated in his 
native land and remained there until 1863, when he decided to try his fortune 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY il 

in the United States and crossed the Atlantic to New York city, where he 
remained for a time. He then went to South Glastonbury, Connecticut, but 
three years after his emigration to this country he came to the Pacific coast by 
way of the Panama route, and spent two years in California. Subsequently he 
was a prospector in the placer gold mines at Emmitsburg and Helena, Montana, 
where he and his brother Patrick spent three years. It was in 1870 that they 
came to Walla Walla county, Washington, and purchased one hundred and sixty 
acres of land and also took up a section of railroad land later on, their home 
being on Dry creek. Our subject finally sold his share of the property to his 
brother John, who still owns the place, and then purchased his present farm on 
section 2, township 6 north, range 35 east, where he has resided continuously 
since. He gave his personal attention to the operation of his place until advanc- 
ing years led him to retire from active labor, since which time the farm has 
been operated by his son Emmet. He has been a hard worker and has mani- 
fested good judgment in the direction of his affairs, and as the years have 
passed his financial resources have steadily increased. 

In 1890 Mr. Martin was married in Ireland, to Miss Julia Kellher, and 
they have become the parents of five children, of whom three have passed 
away. Those living are : Emmet M., who is now in charge of the home farm ; 
and Estella, a nurse at St. Mary's Hospital in Walla Walla. The wife and 
mother passed away in 1900 and was laid to rest in the Catholic cemetery. The 
family are communicants of the Catholic church of Walla Walla, and Mr. Martin 
supports the republican party at the polls but has never been ambitious to hold 
office. For more than half a century he has made his home in Walla Walla 
county, and in that period has seen a marvelous change in conditions as the coun- 
try has been transformed from a pioneer district into a highly developed agri- 
cultural section. 



J. W. SWEAZY. 



J. W. Svveazy, a farmer of Columbia county, living on section 34, township 
10 north, range 37 east, was bom in Wallula, Washington, on the 8th of May, 
1884, a son of Frank and Allie J. (Barnes) Sweazy. The father was a native 
of Portugal, while the mother was born in Missouri. When a youth of four- 
teen the father came to the United States, having relatives living in Petaluma, 
California. To that point he made his way. His wife crossed the plains with 
her mother in 1880, her father having previously been killed while serving as 
a soldier in the Civil war. She and her mother located on a ranch near Waits- 
burg, Washington. About the same time Frank Sweazy made his way to 
Walla Walla county and soon afterward they were married. He then pur- 
chased the farm which is now the home of his son, the subject of this review, 
and thereon he resided for a number of years. Ultimately, however, he re- 
moved to Waitsburg, where he continued his residence for twenty years, or 
until the time of his death in 1914. His widow survives and yet makes her 
home in Waitsburg. 

T. W. Sweazy was educated in the public schools and also attended the 



42 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Waitsburg Academy. In 1902, at the age of eighteen years, he became a wage 
earner, entering the employ of Corbett Brothers in the capacity of bookkeeper 
at their mill at Huntsviile. A year later he resigned to accept a position with 
John Smith, a hardware merchant of Waitsburg, where he filled the position 
of bookkeeper for four years. On the expiration of that period he went to 
Walla Walla, where he held the office of deputy county auditor under J. N. 
McCaw, in which capacity he served for four years. In November, 1910, he 
was elected county auditor and so continued for two terms of two years each, 
making a most creditable record in that position by the promptness and sys- 
tematic manner and general capability with which he discharged his duties. 
On the expiration of his second term he returned to the home farm, which 
he has since occupied and operated. It is a tract of three hundred and twenty 
acres of rich and productive land, much of which he has brought to a high 
state of cultivation, and the fields are now bringing forth rich crops. They are 
divided into tracts of convenient size by well kept fences and there are val- 
uable improvements upon the place, and the spirit of neatness and thrift which 
there prevails indicates the progressive methods of the owner. 

In 1909 Mr. Sweazy was united in marriage to Miss Mattie Ramseur, of 
Waitsburg, and they have many friends in the community where they live. Mrs. 
Sweazy is a member of the Methodist church. Mr. Sweazy holds membership 
with Waitsburg Lodge, No. 16, F. & A. M., and is a loyal exemplar of the 
teachings of the craft. His political allegiance is given to the republican party 
and he keeps well informed on the questions and issues of the day but does not 
seek nor desire office as reward for party fealty, preferring to concentrate his 
thought, attention and purpose upon his farming interests, which are bring- 
ing to him substantial success. 



JUDGE MACK F. COSE. 

Judge Mack F. Gose is one of the distinguished representatives of the bench 
and bar in Washington. Few lawyers have made a more lasting impression upon 
the judicial history of the state, both for legal ability of a high order and for the 
individuality of a personal character which impresses itself upon a community, 
and he proved himself the peer of the ablest members of the court of last resort 
while serving as one of the supreme judges of the state. He was born in 
Missouri, July 8, 1859, ^nd is a son of John M. and Hannah Gose, natives of 
\'irginia. In 1864 the family came west and after spending a year at Boise, 
Idaho, proceeded to Walla Walla county, Washington, where the father turned 
his attention to horticulture, becoming a prominent fruit grower of this region. 

Judge Gose was only five years of age when the family arrived in Walla 
Walla county and he is indebted to the public schools of Walla Walla for the 
early educational advantages he enjoyed. After leaving school he entered the 
office of ex-Senator John B. Allen, one of the distinguished attorneys of the 
northwest at that time. After reading law for some time. Judge Gose was 
admitted to the bar in 1883 and at once began the practice of his chosen profes- 
sion in Pomeroy, where he has since remained, becoming in the meantime one 




JUDGE MACK F. GOSE 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 45 

of the leading lawyers of this section of the state. He won for himself very 
favorable criticism for the careful and systematic methods which he followed. 
He has ever displayed remarkable powers of concentration and application and 
his retentive mind has often excited the surprise of his professional colleagues. 
As an orator he stands high, especially in the discussion of legal matters before 
the court, where his comprehensive knowledge of the law is manifest and his 
application of legal principles demonstrates the wide range of his professional 
acquirements. The utmost care and precision characterize his preparation of a 
case and have made him one of the most successful attorneys of the state. It 
was the qualities which he had displayed in private practice that commended 
him for judicial service and he was elected a judge of the supreme court, serving 
on the bench of the court of final appeals in Washington for six years. His 
opinions are fine specimens of judicial thought, always clear, logical and as brief 
as the character of the case will permit. He never enlarged beyond the necessi- 
ties of the legal thought in order to indulge in the drapery of literature. His 
mind during the entire period of his course at the bar and on the bench has been 
directed in the line of his profession and his duty. 

In 1886 Judge Gose was united in marriage to Miss Lelah Seeley, a daughter 
of Charles H. Seeley, and to them was bom a daughter, L. Vyvien, who is now 
the wife of Charles A. McCleary, of Olympia. Judge Gose makes his home in 
Pomeroy, where he occupies an attractive residence, a«d -in a-ddltion he owns 
and supervises a large ranch, taking considerable; interest, and' p'Hoie in,' his agri- 
cultural labors. His political endorsement has, 1 since' ' 1^96, i'ee'it-givten to the 
republican party and upon that ticket he was elected;^tp .thevoffice ofjmayor of 
Pomeroy, the reins of city government being in •mp^st capable hands during his 
administration of civic affairs. He is today one of the honored and representative 
men of the state. 



CHARLES F. FLATHERS. 

Charles F. Flathers is a representative agriculturist of Walla Walla county, 
owning and cultivating six hundred and fifty-two acres of valuable land situated 
on section 32, township 10 north, range 36 east. It was upon this farm that he 
was born March 17, 1875, a son of Benjamin F. and Melinda (McQuown) 
Flathers, who are mentioned elsewhere in this work. He was reared upon the 
old homestead and became a pupil in the Prescott schools, dividing his time be- 
tween the duties of the schoolroom, the pleasures of the playground and the work 
of the fields. He continued to assist his father until 1905, when he joined his 
brothers, John and Emery Flathers, and for five years the three brothers conducted 
farming interests in a partnership relation. Emery then withdrew but Charles F. 
and John continued their interests together until 1914. Since that time Charles 
F. Flathers has carried on farming interests independently and is now the owner 
of six hundred and fifty-two acres of valuable wheat land, which he carefully 
and successfully cultivates. He has become one of the most substantial agricul- 
turists of Walla Walla county. He studies closely everything bearing upon wheat 
culture and the production of other crops suited to soil and climatic conditions 



46 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

here and his progressive methods produce splendid results. His farm with its 
broad fields, its substantial buildings and its modern improvements presents a 
most pleasing appearance and is a very attractive feature of the landscape. 

On the 20th of October, 191 1, Mr. Flathers was married to Miss Elizabeth 
Fowler, of Walla Walla, a daughter of Colonel Alexander Fowler, of Fort Scott, 
Kansas, who won his title l)y service in the Civil war and has now passed away. 
In politics Mr. Flathers is a democrat but not desirous to hold office. He is a 
member of Prescott Lodge, No. 46, I. O. O. F. At the time of her marriage Mrs. 
Flathers was engaged in nursing in Walla Walla. She is a lady of liberal edu- 
cation and culture and both Mr. and Mrs. Flathers are widely and favorably 
known in their section of the county, enjoying the high regard of an e.xtensive 
circle of friends. 



S. F. ATWOOD. 



S. F. Atwood, who is doing excellent work as principal of the Dayton high 
school, was born in Johnson county, Missouri, January 29, 1885, a son of Wiley 
C. and Indiana (Freeman) Atwood, natives respectively of Virginia and Iowa. 
Both, however, were taken as children to Johnson county, Missouri, and there 
they were reared and married. The father engaged in farming there until 1893, 
when he went to Bates county, that state, whence in 1896 he removed to Ellens- 
burg, Washington. In his new home he resumed the work of tilling the fields 
and he is now engaged in agricultural pursuits in Benton county, where he has 
lived since 1913. In that year he was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife. 

S. F. Atwood attended the district schools of Missouri in early boyhood and 
continued his education in the Ellensburg schools, graduating from the high 
school in 1902. He prepared for teaching in the Ellensburg State Normal 
School, from which he was graduated in 1905, and the thorough professional 
training which he there received well fitted him for the performance of his duties 
as principal of the North Street school of Ballard, Washington, which position 
he held for three years. At the end of that time he matriculated in the Uni- 
versity of Washington at Seattle, but withdrew from that school in his senior 
year on account of his mother's illness. In December, 1909, he was called to 
Dayton as principal of the high school and has ever since served in that capacity, 
his continuance in the position indicating his efficiency. He regards teaching 
as being as truly a profession as the law or medicine and believes that one 
intending to devote his life to educational work should prepare as thoroughly 
as the physician or lawyer. He has remained a constant student of educational 
methods and is always willing to adapt to the needs of his school any new 
plan which has proved of value. 

Mr. Atwood was married in 1910 to Miss Anna Laura McMillan, of Seattle, 
and they have four children, Dorothy Jean, Violet Claire, Florence May and 
Stanley Freeman, Jr. 

Mr. Atwood endorses the principles of the democratic party and supports its 
measures at the polls and in 1916 was its candidate for county superintendent. 
He belongs to Occidental Lodge, No. 72, F. & A. M., of Seattle, and is also a 
member of the Inquiry Club of Dayton. Both he and his wife attend the Con- 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 47 

gregational church and can be counted upon to further movements having as 
their object the moral advancement of the community. He has not at any time 
kept himself aloof from the everyday interests of life but has been a factor in 
the development of Dayton along various lines. 



WILLIAM MARTIN. 



Among Walla Walla county's venerable and highly respected citizens is 
numbered William Martin, a retired farmer who is now living in Hill township. 
Moreover, he has lived on the Pacific coast for sixty-five years and is familiar 
with every phase of its growth and development from Indian fighting to the 
latest methods of crop production. He was bom in Indiana, September 30, 1833, 
and is a son of Jesse and Catherine (Harris) Martin, the former a native of 
Ohio, while the latter was born in Kentucky. At an early date they became 
residents of Indiana and afterward established their home in McLean county, 
Illinois. In 1844 they removed to Missouri, where they resided until 1857, 
when they started across the plains for California, whither their son William 
had preceded them. They located in Thurston county, Washington, and there 
continued to reside until called to their final rest. They had a family of ten 
children but only three are now living. 

William Martin was reared and educated in Missouri, where he resided 
until 1852, when at the age of nineteen years he came to the Pacific coast coun- 
try. He outfitted with an ox team and wagon and started upon the long jour- 
ney to California, attracted by the discovery of gold on the Pacific coast and 
the business opportunities which it opened up. He was six months in crossing 
the plains and then concluded to locate in Oregon, but after spending three 
months in Oregon City went to Thurston county, Washington, where he was 
employed in a sawmill for three years and a half. On the expiration of that 
time he took up a claim. Upon that land, which was entirely wild and unde- 
veloped, he built a little log cabin with a clapboard roof and beg^n life there in 
true pioneer style, experiencing the hardships and privations incident to the set- 
tlement of the frontier. Upon that place he lived for several years and his 
labors wrought a marked change in its appearance, for he broke the sod, tilled 
the fields and in course of time gathered good harvests. He afterward pur- 
chased more land in that locality. The years were fraught not only with much 
hard labor but with other experiences of pioneer life. In 1855 ^"d 1856 Mr. 
Martin was engaged in fighting the Indians and became familiar with all of the 
treacherous methods of Indian warfare. Later he concentrated his efforts upon 
farming and as the years passed his labors were crowmed with a substantial 
measure of success. 

On December 14, 1856, Mr. Martin was united in marriage to Miss Ann E. 
Yantis, who was born in Missouri in 1840 and by whom he had five children, 
as follows : John F. ; J. A. ; Catherine, who is the wife of L. H. Koontz, of Pasco, 
Washington ; William E. ; and one who died in infancy. 

It was in 1872 that Mr. Martin brought his family to the Walla Walla valley, 
where he has since lived, covering a period of forty-five years. Here he was 



48 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

engaged in the stock business until 1880 and then removed to Walla Walla and 
turned his attention to mercantile pursuits. In 1886 he entered a railroad office 
at Wallula, where he remained for nine years, and at the end of that time located 
on a ranch on Snake river, living there for three years. The following year was 
spent in Walla Walla and he next owned and occupied a ranch on Hudson Bay 
in Oregon for three years. On selling that place he returned to Washington 
and has lived in Touchet since 1901. He purchased" a store in Touchet which 
he carried on for some time but at length sold that property and retired from 
active business life, so that he is now enjoying a rest which he has truly earned 
and richly deserves. He owns seven acres of land in the village of Touchet, 
upon which he has a comfortable and attractive residence and is now pleasantly 
situated there. 

His has been an active and useful life and one which, by its integrity and 
honor, has gained for him the respect and confidence of all with whom he has 
been brought in contact. His political allegiance has always been given to the 
democratic party and upon that ticket he was elected to represent his district 
in the general assembly of Washington in 1877. He has served on the school 
board, has filled the office of justice of the peace and at all times has been 
most loyal to the trust reposed in him. He and his wife are consistent mem- 
bers of the Christian church and have guided their lives by its teachings, being 
always careful to conform theix actions to high standards. In a word they have 
ever endeavored to follow the gtflden rule, doing unto others as they would have 
others do unto them. I ■;^.^K' • 



RAYMOND RINGOLD REES. 

A man who has contributed to the upbuilding of a city in one line of develop- 
ment is considered worthy of honor, but that man who has a part in the promotion 
of his city's interests in many fields of activity has a still greater claim upon the 
gratitude of his fellow citizens, and such was the record of Raymond Ringold 
Rees, pioneer newspaper man, prominent merchant and man of affairs. 

He was born in Reily, Ohio, June 17, 1833, and was taken by his parents to 
Delaware, that state, where he remained until he was twenty-one years old. Dur- 
ing his youth he served an apprenticeship to the printer's trade and in 1854 he 
came west with a brother by way of the Isthmus of Panama, their destination being 
Portland, Oregon, in the vicinity of which a third brother lived. After a short 
time Mr. Rees of this review secured work as a typesetter on the Christian Advo- 
cate and as he had the distinction of being the only man in Portland who could 
set book type, he did that work on McCormac's Almanac, the first book published 
on the Pacific coast. He was also employed as a typesetter on the first issue of 
the Daily Oregonian, Portland's famous newspaper. AA'ith the exception of 
eighteen months spent with a brother in the Colville mines, he was identified with 
newspaper publication in Portland until 1861, when he came to Walla Walla, 
reaching here on the 21st of November. 

Mr. Rees formed a partnership with Nemiah Northrop and established the 
first newspaper in this section — the \\^ashingtc)n Statesman. The firm sent to 




JIA.TOR KAYJIOND U. KKKS 




MRS. RAYMOND R. REES 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 53 

Portland for a press, which arrived on schedule time, and the first issue of the 
new paper appeared on November 27th. The publishers therein made the follow- 
ing announcement to the public : "We send forth this morning with our con- 
gratulations the first number of the Washington Statesman, and respectfully 
solicit the attention of the people of Walla Walla and county to its pages. . . . 
That a weekly publication devoted to the various interests of the country, con- 
taining all the news which may be gathered from different quarters, is essentially 
needed in the Walla Walla valley we premise no permanent resident will deny. 
This admitted, we have no misgivings as to the disposition of the people to come 
forward and promptly sustain an enterprise so materially calculated to further 
their interests as a community." In the meantime the firm of Rees & Northrop 
learned that two brothers named Smith intended starting a democratic paper in 
Walla Walla and had sent to Portland for a press, which, however, reached 
The Dalles just as the Columbia river, at that time the only highway, froze over, 
with the result that it could not be delivered for three months. Mr. Smith desired 
to become a member of his competing firm and his wish was granted. The first 
subscriptions did not come in to the new paper as readily as had been expected. 
Accordingly Mr. Smith made a tour on horseback of Walla Walla county and 
Umatilla county and succeeded in obtaining two hundred subscriptions at five 
dollars per year, the circulation list containing the names of practically all the 
men of the two counties. The Statesman was the first newspaper, established in 
eastern Washington, then known as the "upper country," awd^WasVa factor of 
great importance in the early development of this regidh! * Mr. Rees was one of 
the owners of that journal until November, 1865, when he., sold his interest 
therein to W. H. Newell, and the following five yleki?. were 'de voted -to farming 
in connection with his father-in-law. In 1870 he returned to WaTTa'Walla and 
formed a partnership with H. E. Johnson for the conduct of a mercantile busi- 
ness under the style of Johnson & Rees. Two years later W. P. Winans bought 
into the firm and the name was changed to Johnson, Rees & Winans. With Mr. 
Johnson's subsequent retirement from the business the firm name became Rees & 
Winans and so remained until 1887, when the business was sold. In the mean- 
time a two-story building was erected where now stands the Farmers Savings 
Bank. Plans were subsequently made for the erection of the Rees-Winans 
building but before construction work was begun Mr. Rees was called by death. 
His widow, with Mr. Winans. however, carried out the plans already made and 
the building was erected in due time and was an important addition to the 
downtown section of Walla Walla. As a merchant Mr. Rees was enterprising, 
progressive and sound of judgment, managing his affairs carefully and giving 
much thought to anticipating the demands of his customers. He based his success 
upon the firm foundation of the best service possible and full return for all 
money received. 

Mr. Rees was married March 12, 1865, to Miss Augusta Ward, the only child 
of Mr. and Mrs. Michael V. Ward. She was born near Chicago, in De Kalb 
county, Illinois, in 1843 and in 1853 accompanied her parents to Oregon, the 
journey being made by ox team. The family settled near Lebanon, in Linn 
county, but the long wet season proved unhealthful and Mr. Ward developed 
serious throat trouble. On the advice of a physician he removed to Walla Walla 

county, bringing with him three hundred head of cattle. That winter, however, 
Vol. n — 3 



54 OLD WALl.A WALLA CULWTY 

there was an unusually heavy snowfall and owing to the unfavorable weather 
conditions he lost all of his cattle but forty-four. However, the increase in prices 
enabled him to realize so much from the remaining cattle that his net loss was 
inconsiderable. He bought the Lewis McMorris ranch a few miles south of 
Walla Walla and operated that place for some time but at length disposed of it. 
He then removed to Walla Walla and erected there the most pretentious home 
in the city at the corner of East and Poplar streets. At the time of the visit of 
President Hayes and party the president and his wife were entertained at the 
home of Mr. Ward, as there were no suitable hotel accommodations to be found 
in the city. Mrs. Hayes insisted in helping with the house work and at her 
reciuest fried apples were served at breakfast. The democratic spirit manifested 
by the president and his wife made their visit a genuine pleasure as well as an 
honor. To Mr. and Mrs. Rees were born three children: Frank W., a well 
known dentist of Walla Walla; Elma R., the wife of H. H. Turner, cashier of 
the Baker-Boyer Bank of Walla Walla: and Lora R., the wife of Paul Compton, 
of Los .Angeles, California. Mr. Compton is a son of Ceneral Compton. who 
for years had command of the garrison at Walla Walla. 

Mr. Rees was a prominent democrat and for many years took an active part 
in politics. He represented his district at two different times in the state legisla- 
ture ; for several years served as county treasurer, and his record as an official 
was highly creditable alike to his ability and his jniblic spirit. He was always 
called upon with a certainty of response for aid in carrying out projects for the 
development of Walla Walla city and county and his demise, which occtirred 
July 12, 1889, was recognized as a great loss to his community. 

His widow survives and resides in one of the handsomest residences of the 
city, in which she takes great pride, for it was built in accordance with plans 
drawn by herself. After the death of her husband she carried on the business 
of the estate. She is one of the honored pioneer settlers of Walla Walla and 
her reminiscences 'of the early days when the present rapidly growing city was a 
little frontier settlement are much appreciated by the younger generation, who 
find it hard to realize that conditions have changed so radically within a half 
century. When she came to this region there were not more than twenty white 
women in the vallev and she is one of the very few of the number now li\ing. 



JOHN H. ROMAINE. 



John H. Romaine, who has been engaged in farming in Columbia county, 
was bom in Fond du Lac county, Wisconsin, April 15, 1857, a son of Garrit 
Romaine. a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work. Our subject grew 
to manhood in his native state and there received a good common school edu- 
cation. When twenty years old he accompanied his parents to Washington and 
not long after his arrival in this state took up a homestead on section 25, town- 
ship II north, range 38 east. He brought his land to a high state of develop- 
ment, and gained recognition as a progressive and capable farmer. He raised 
both wheat and stock and his annual income reached gratifying proportions. 
He added to his holdings as the years passed until he owned fourteen hundred 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 55 

acres of fine land but sold out in the fall of 1917 and purchased a ranch of 
seven hundred and fifty-five acres in Umatilla county, Oregon, nine miles south 
of Walla Walla, Washington, on which he expects to locate. 

In 1882 Mr. Romaine was united in marriage to Miss May McKellips and 
following her death married Miss Ella Davis, a daughter of Cyrus and Nancy 
(Holly) Davis, natives respectively of Vermont and Ohio. They removed to Old 
Walla W^alla county and here her father passed away in 1910. Her mother 
survives and makes her home with Mr. and Mrs. Romaine. The latter have 
become the parents of four children: Jean M., deceased; one who died in in- 
fancy; Garrit; and Jean Henry. 

Mr. Romaine gives his political allegiance to the republican party but has 
never sought office, his farming interests requiring his undivided time and atten- 
tion. His wife belongs to the Congregational church and takes much interest 
in its work. During the forty years of his residence in Old W'alla Walla county 
Mr. Romaine has witnessed a remarkable transformation and has kept pace with 
the development of the county, at all times giving his support to progr-essive 
measures. 



ZIBA DIMMICK. 



For a quarter of a century Ziba Dimmick has been a resident of W'alla 
Walla county and is now numbered among its most prosperous farmers, being 
extensively and successfully engaged in the growing of w^heat. His place is sit- 
uated on section 27, township 8 north, range 34 east of W. M. He is a west- 
ern man by birth, by training and by preference, and the spirit of western enter- 
prise finds exemplification in his life. He was born at The Dalles, Oregon, on the 
8th of March, 1868, and is a son of H. R. and Ann (Cooper) Dimmick, the 
former a native of Illinois, while the latter was born in Scotland. It was in 
the year of 1853 that the father crossed the plains with ox teams, meeting all 
the hardships and privations of that strenuous trip in the early days. He located 
first on the Umpqua river in southern Oregon, where he lived with his parents 
until the spring of 1862, when he and his wife moved to The Dalles. His re- 
maining days were spent in that state, and his widow, who still survives is 
now a resident of Hood River county, Oregon. In her family were ten chil- 
dren, of whom Ziba is the eldest son and six of the number are now living. 

Ziba Dimmick was reared and educated in Oregon, no event of special 
importance occurring to vary the routine of life for him in the days of his 
boyhood and youth. At the age of sixteen years he started to work for the 
Oregon-Washington Railroad & Navigation Company, where he learned the 
blacksmith's trade, at which he worked until 1892. When a young man of 
about twenty-four he came to Walla Walla, W^ashington, and commenced his 
career as a farmer, working for different men, until 1900, when he invested his 
savings in the farm upon which he now resides. He today owns seven hundred 
and twenty acres of rich and productive wheat land and has always made a 
specialty of raising that crop, for which the soil and climate are particularh- 
adapted. Success has therefore attended his efforts, for in all of his methods 



56 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

he is practical and progressive and through the summer months the broad fields 
of waving grain give promises of abundant harvest in the autumn. In addition 
to this property Mr. Dimmick owns one hundred and ten acres of valuable land 
in Hood River county, Oregon, where he is engaged in raising alfalfa and 
clover. 

In his fraternal relations Mr. Dimmick is a Woodman of the World and an 
Odd Fellow, politically a republican. His energy and determination have made 
him what he is today — one of the prosperous farmers of Walla Walla county, 
and his substantial traits of character have won for him the warm regard of 
all with whom he has been brought in contact. Walla Walla county gained a 
substantial citizen when he removed from Oregon to this state, for his labors 
have contributed much to its agricultural development. 



FRANK S. DEMENT. 



It was in the quaint and picturesque little city of Oregon City, Oregon, that 
Frank S. Dement, prominent miller and grain dealer of Walla Walla, was born 
November 3, 1853, ^ representative of one of the oldest and most prominent 
families upon the Pacific coast. His father, W. C. Dement, came to Oregon from 
Virginia in 1843 '" the train with Marcus Whitman. He engaged in merchan- 
dising at Oregon City, the little town that was founded above the falls of the 
Willamette river, and he was one of the four who built the railway around the 
falls at Oregon City, which was one of the first, if not the first railway on the 
Pacific coast. With many events which shaped the pioneer development and later 
progress of that section of the country he was closely associated. He served as 
captain of volunteers in the Rogue River Indian war in 1856 and there was no 
phase of frontier development with which he was not thoroughly familiar. He 
became a resident of Oregon before the city of Portland was established and 
he lived to witness many remarkable changes as the work of settlement was 
carried forward. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Olive Johnson, came 
to Oregon in 1845 ^""^ was a daughter of the Rev. Hezekiah Johnson, a Baptist 
missionary of that state. 

Frank S. Dement, spending his boyhood days under the parental roof, 
acquired his education in the Oregon City Seminary and in early life took up the 
printing business, learning the trade, after which he engaged in general printing 
and in publishing of the Oregon City Enterprise. He figured prominently in 
public affairs in that locality and served as county treasurer of Clackamas 
county, Oregon, which position he resigned in 1879 and removed to Walla Walla 
on account of his health. In the following year he organized the Dement 
Brothers Company and has continuously served as its president. He and his 
partners purchased the Eureka flour mills of the firm of Welch & Schwabacher 
Brothers in 1880. These mills had a capacity of one hundred and fifty barrels 
daily and something of the growth of the business is indicated in the fact that 
the present capacity is six hundred barrels daily. In a word they have developed 
one of the most important milling industries of this section of the state and 
they are also well known as extensive grain dealers. It was Frank S. Dement 




% 



/• 



^/<^. k}-Mnxj nJ^ 



THE NEW '<OBK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 59 

who in 1882 imported the first bluestem seed wheat from New Zealand to the 
Pacific northwest and it is today the leading wheat grown in this section of the 
country. Through this channel and his other business activities he has contributed 
in marked measure to the material development and consequent prosperity of 
his section of the state. In the conduct of his business affairs he has amassed a 
considerable fortune, much of which he has invested in Walla Walla real estate, 
thus indicating his faith in the future of this district. 

In Oregon City, Oregon, on the ist of August, 1877, Mr. Dement was married 
to Miss Frances Miller, a daughter of Captain J. D. Miller, who was a pioneer 
steamboat operator on the Willamette and Columbia rivers. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Dement have been born two sons: Charles F., who is county auditor of Walla 
Walla County; and Frank Bingham, who is now in the National army at Camp 
Lewis. He was graduated from the Shattuck Military School of Minnesota in 
1914 and was a student in Whitman College with the class of 1918. 

Frank S. Dement has long been a recognized leader in republican circles in 
his county and was chairman of the county republican central committee. He has 
done much to further the interests of his party, believing firmly in its principles 
and recognizing the duties and obligations as well as the privileges of citizenship ; 
yet he has never sought nor desired office as a reward for party fealty. Frater- 
nally he is connected with the Benevolent Prote.ctive Order of Elks and is a 
prominent Mason, having taken the degrees of both tlie York and 'Scottish Rites. 
He is a member of Oriental Consistory, A. & A.'rSivRi^.pf Spojcane and of El 
Katif Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. For the past'-thirty years he has 'been a very 
active and prominent member of the CommerciaLClubbf'WalTa Walla and is now 
one of its directors and the treasurer. He stands' for ^pfDgressiveness. in all public 
affairs and his efforts in behalf of general progress and improvement have been 
practical, farreaching and effective. Men who know him — and he has a wide 
acquaintance — speak of him in terms of the highest regard both as to his rela- 
tionship with business affairs and in matters of citizenship. 



JOSEPH LEDGERWOOD. 

Joseph Ledgerwood, deceased, spent the last years of his life in honor- 
able retirement from business in Pomeroy, enjoying the fruits of his former 
labor. For many years he had been identified with farming in southeastern 
Washington and his well directed business affairs brought to him a very sub- 
stantial competence, enabling him to enjoy all of the comforts and many of 
the luxuries of life and also to leave his family in very easy financial circum- 
stances. He was born in Clay county, Missouri, July 17, 1836, and was a son 
of Joseph and Rachael Ledgerwood, who were natives of Tennessee and after- 
ward became pioneer settlers of Clay county, Missouri. 

Joseph Ledgerwood acquired his education in the common schools of Gay 
and Daviess counties of Missouri and on reaching manhood took up the occu- 
pation of fanning. In 1864, with little money to outfit him for so hazardous 
and extended a journey, he started across the plains for the Pacific coast 
country, and while he endured many hardships and privations while en route, 



60 OLD \\ ALI.A WALLA COUNTY 

he ultimately in safety reached the Umpqua valley, where he made a home 
for his family and continued to reside until 1877. He then disposed of his 
property in that region and removed to Garfield county, Washington, settling 
about nine miles east of Pomeroy. There he prospered and from time to time, 
as his financial resources increased, he added to his land until at his death he 
was the owner of about one thousand acres of valuable farm property. In the 
later years of his life he retired from active farm work and removed to Pome- 
roy, where he spent his remaining days in the enjoyment of the fruits of his 
many years of successful labor. For a long period his life had been one of 
untiring industry and perseverance, during which he was watchful of every 
opportunity and indication pointing toward success. At all times he based his 
advancement upon the sure foundation of industry and persistency of pur- 
pose. 

In 1859 Mr. Ledgerwood was united in marriage to Miss Louise O'Keef, a 
native of Illinois, who was a faithful helpmate to him and shared with him in 
all of the hardships and privations of pioneer life, when Oregon and Wash- 
ington were still frontier states. She still survives her husband and cherishes 
his memory, for he was most devoted to the welfare and happiness of his 
family. To Mr. and Mrs. Ledgerwood were born nine children, seven of whom 
are yet living, as follows : William T. ; J. Joseph ; John T. ; Lou Emma, who 
is the wife of W. A. DeBow, a grain dealer of Pomeroy; Martha R., who is 
the widow of James B. Carter and resides in Pomeroy ; Rosa, who gave her 
hand in marriage to Lou Jurgens, of Asotin county, Washington ; and Qara B., 
the wife of Edward Davis, of Okanogan county, Washington. 

Mr. Ledgerwood was a very progressive man, public-spirited in all that 
he did, and his aid and cooperation could ever be counted upon to further 
public progress. He aided many movements for the general good, and while 
he was never a politician in the commonly accepted sense of the term and never 
would consent to hold office, he gave earnest support to the democratic party 
because of a firm belief in its principles. He belonged to the Masonic fra- 
ternity and to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and was a consistent 
Christian man, both he and his wife being lifelong members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. Mrs. Ledgerwood occupies a handsome home in Pomeroy, 
surrounded by all the comforts and conveniences which make life worth living. 



REME De RUWE. 



Among the successful sheep raisers of Columbia county is numbered Reme 
De Ruwe, who was bom in Belgium, September 15, 1882, a son of Peter and 
Julia De Ruwe, also natives of that country, where their entire lives were 
passed. To them were born fifteen children. The subject of this review is 
indebted for his education to the schools of his native land, and remained at 
home until he was about twenty years old. Then, in 1902, he decided to try 
his fortune in the United States and located in Walla Walla county, Washing- 
ton, where he at once turned his attention to raising sheep. He has since con- 
tinued in that occupation on an extensive scale. He pastures his sheep on a 
ranch comprising twelve hundred acres of land in Columbia county. The sue- 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 61 

cess which he has gained in fifteen years is quite unusual, demonstrating his 
abiHty to adapt himself to a new condition, his sound judgment and his enter- 
prise. His ranch is well improved and is a very valuable property. 

In 1914 Mr. De Ruwe was united in marriage to Miss Caroline Kregger, 
and they have a son, Marvin, and have also adopted three children. Mr. De 
Ruwe casts his ballot in support of the republican party, whose principles accord 
with his political beliefs. He was reared in the Catholic faith and consistently 
gives his influence on the side of moral advancement. He has gained many 
friends since coming to eastern Washington, his salient characteristics being 
such as never fail to command respect and win regard. 



CHARLES L. WHITNEY. 

Charles L. Whitney, who is living retired on section 6, township 6 north, 
range 36 east, Walla Walla county, is now enjoying a period of well merited 
leisure made possible by his former successful labors as a nurseryman and hor- 
ticulturist. He was born in Erie county, Pennsylvania, January 26, 1857, of 
the marriage of William G. and Marcia M. (Pettis) Whitney, the former a 
native of Onondaga county. New York. They removed to California in 1879; 
two years before their son Charles L. had made his way to the Pacific coast, 
and after residing there for one or two years they came to Walla Walla county, 
Washington. Here the father, in partnership with his son Charles L., bought the 
farm where the latter still resides. This place was the site of the Sims mill, 
which was the first mill built in the state and possibly the first in the north- 
west. The date of its erection was 1858 and there was also a distillery operated 
within the limits of the farm. In the early days pack trains, numbering one 
hundred animals were sent to the outlying camps loaded with flour, bacon and 
whiskey, and the farm is indeed one of the historic places of the state. The 
father established the Home nursery and the son the North Western nurseries, 
and both proved successful in that business. The father remained active in the 
management of his affairs both as a nurseryman and as a farmer until his 
death in 1912. The mother passed away in 1910. 

Charles L. Whitney was reared in Pennsylvania and after attending the com- 
mon schools became a student in the Edinboro (Penn.) State Normal school 
and in Austinburg College at Austinburg, Ohio. Later he took up the study 
of medicine at the Eclectic Medical College at San Francisco, California, but 
left that institution a year before the completion of his course. It was in 1877 
that he removed to California and he was one of the first settlers of the town 
of Whatcom. He devoted some time to timber cruising and for a number of 
years he traveled through California, Oregon and Washington, becoming famil- 
iar with practically every part of the Pacific coast. In 1880 he came with his 
parents to Walla Walla county and established the North Western nurseries, 
which he conducted for years. He was one of the first men to enter that line 
of business in this section and his success in the growing of fruit trees deter- 
mined the possibilities of this region in the production of fruit. He also engaged 
in general farming to some extent and found that likewise profitable. For 



62 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

four years he was county fruit inspector and later was for a similar length 
of time state fruit inspector and was generally recognized as an authority on 
everything pertaining to fruit and its production. About 1907 he gave up the 
nursery business and has since rented his land for gardening, although he still 
resides upon his farm, which comprises one hundred and £fty-two acres two 
miles south of Walla Walla, in the most fertile part of the valley. His home is 
a handsome country residence, provided with all modern conveniences. 

In 1883 Mr. Whitney was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth McCaslin, 
who was born in Sharon, Pennsylvania, but was teaching in the schools of 
Omaha, Nebraska, at the time of her marriage. They have become the parents of 
five children, of whom four survive, namely: Elizabeth May, the wife of Ned 
McLean, of Walla Walla; Bertha, who married L. F. Turman, of Willows, 
California; Charles B., who is first sergeant with the Washington Field Artillery, 
under Major Weyrauch; and Marguerite, the wife of Fred Houghton, of Attalia, 
this county. 

Mr. Whitney's political views accord with the principles of the republican 
party and he gives it his stanch support but has never taken a very active part in 
politics. However, he has always felt the keenest interest in the upbuilding of 
his county and his influence has been felt in its development along horticultural, 
agricultural and civic lines. He was a member of the board of commissioners 
that had charge of the Walla Walla exhibit at the Lewis and Clark Exposition 
held in Portland in 1905 and took a great deal of pride in the fine showing that 
the county made. He has a number of fraternal connections, belonging to Blue 
Mountain Lodge, No. 13, F. & A. M.; Walla Walla Chapter, No. i, R. A. M.; 
Walla Walla Commandery, No. i K. T. ; El Katif Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., 
of Spokane; to the Shrine Club at Walla Walla, of which he is president; to 
Alki Chapter, No. 25, O. E. S., of which he is past patron and of which his 
wife was the second matron; to Enterprise Lodge, No. 2, L O. O. F., of which 
he is past grand ; to the Ancient Order of United Workmen ; and to Walla Walla 
Lodge, No. 287, B. P. O. E. His high standing in the Odd Fellows society i.-^ 
further indicated by the fact that he holds the lodge jewel. 



EDWARD H. NIXON. 



Edward H. Nixon, one of the earliest of Walla Walla's pioneers now living 
and for many years a dominant factor in civic affairs, was born in Guyandotte, 
West Virginia, on the 26th of May, 1842. When he was ten years of age his 
parents removed to Jackson county, Iowa, settling on a farm about eight miles 
west of Sabula. He was there educated in the district schools and at his mother's 
knee, she having been educated for a teacher in the Massachusetts schools in early 
life. Subsequently she went west to teach in the West Virginia schools and it 
was there that she was married. After mastering the early branches of learning 
Mr. Nixon continued his studies in the high school at Maquoketa, Iowa, and at 
the age of twenty years he was elected to the office of constable in his district, 
but the commissioners refused him a commission because he was not of legal age. 




EDWARD H. NIXON 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 65 

He began reading law at Maquoketa, Iowa, and advanced sufficiently to try cases 
before a justice of the peace. 

In sentiment he was strongly anti-slavery at the beginning of the Civil war 
and as his sympathies were with the north, he determined he would not fight for 
any country that would uphold slavery, but after the Emancipation -Proclamation 
he oftered his services to the country and was accepted in December, 1863, being 
mustered into the service as a member of Company A, Ninth Regiment of the 
Iowa Veteran Volunteer Infantry, with which he served for one year, five months 
and eleven days. He then received an honorable discharge, the war having been 
brought to a close. He had participated in the battles of Snake Creek Gap, 
Resaca, Dallas and New Hope Church, Ackworth or Big Shanty, and the seven 
days' siege of Kenesaw Mountain and many skirmishes. He was also in the 
battle of Atlanta on the 22d of July, 1864, in the battle of Ezra Church and 
many others, taking part in every engagement in which his regiment partici- 
pated until the fall of Atlanta. At close of the war he received an honorable dis- 
charge and returned to his home with a most creditable military record, having 
nobly done his part to preserve the Union. He afterward pursued a course in 
Eastman's Business College at Poughkeepsie, New York, and subsequently he 
engaged in farming until 1873, when he started for the far west with Walla Walla 
as his destination. He arrived here on the i6th of March of that year and took 
up the profession of teaching. He also engaged in farm'-'work and in fact ac- 
cepted any employment that would yield him an honest -derl-lar; 

On the 2d of April, 1876, Mr. Nixon was united, in .niajriage to Miss Kate 
Stewart, a daughter of Daniel and Margaret Ste'wa:rt, afid'to.^thto have been 
born three children, two daughters and a son: Stella, now the wife of H. L. 
Wilson, who is state highway contractor and a resident of Walla Walla; Laura, 
the wife of H. H. Hadley, who is engaged in the automobile business in Dayton, 
Washington; and Edward S., who is associated with his father in the real estate 
and insurance business under the firm style of E. H. Nixon & Son. 

In 1877, soon after his marriage, Mr. Nixon removed to Whitman county 
and took up a homestead and tree claim and preempted another one hundred and 
sixty acres of land. He also rented a section of school land and for eight years 
or more was extensively and successfully engaged in farming. He laid out the 
first road ever laid out in Whitman county and was well known as the pioneer 
settler of that county, instituting much of the progressive work which has brought 
about its present-day progress and prosperity. In 1885 he returned to Walla 
Walla, and while he has disposed of his landed interests in Whitman county, 
he still owns valuable farm property and since 1892 he has conducted a real 
estate and insurance business, the firm of E. H. Nixon & Son maintaining an 
office in the Jaycox building. For many years Mr. Nixon was one of the most 
conspicuous figures in the civic aiTairs of Walla Walla. He served as road over- 
seer, was also United States deputy postmaster, was justice of the peace two 
years and was police judge one year. He was also city assessor one term and 
was a member of the city council and at all times exercised his official pre- 
rogatives in support of many well defined plans and measures for the general 
good. He looked beyond the exigencies of the moment to the opportunities and 
possibilities of the future and labored not only for the welfare of the passing 
hour but for future time as well. He was responsible for the establishment of 



66 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

thf perpetual care system in the city cemetery and later the same system in the 
Odd Fellows cemetery, serving as president of the cemetery committee for a 
number of years. IMr. Xixon has long been a faithful and prominent member 
of the Grand Army of ilie Republic, in which he has filled all of the offices in 
the local post. He has also been honored with the jjosition of assistant adjutant 
general and assistant quartermaster general of the Department of Washington 
and Alaska. He has membership in Blue Mountain Lodge, Xo. 13, A. F. & A. M., 
and is a member of Washington Lodge, No. 19, I. O. O. F., in which he has filled 
all of the chairs, including that of noble grand. In 1890 he joined with F. W. 
Paine and others in forming the Interstate Building Loan & Trust Association, 
and he is a member of its board of trustees and vice president of the association. 
In a word his activities are broad and varied. He is a liberal minded man, 
recognizing the duties and obligations of the individual to his fellowmen and to 
his country. At all times he has been actuated by a progressive spirit and in 
business afifairs has been stimulated by a laudable ambition. His purposes have 
been well defined and promptly executed and the course which he has pursued 
has at all times measured up to the highest standards of manhood. His work 
has been of great benefit to the community at large as well as a source of indi- 
vidual success, and Walla Walla county honors him as one of her best known 
pioneers. His religious faith is that of the Unitarian church. 



S. S. MORITZ. 



S. S. Moritz, who since 1914 has held the office of postmaster of Dayton, 
was formerly prominently identified with its business interests, first as a mer- 
chant and later as a real estate operator. He was born in Victoria, British Col- 
umbia, August 28, 1863, a son of Moses and Adeline (Greenenburg) Moritz, 
natives respectively of Alsace, France, and of Groesenadar, Germany. The 
mother came to the Pacific coast by way of the Panama route in young woman- 
hood and joined relatives living in San Francisco. The father emigrated 
to this country in early manhood and after spending some time in the middle 
west made his way to the California gold fields in 1849. He acquired some 
valuable mining properties but later lost them through reverses in fortune. He 
became a naturalized citizen of the United States in San Francisco in 1855 and 
subsequently went to Portland, Oregon, where he was married, the lady who 
became his wife having in the meantime removed to that city, where she made 
her home with relatives. Mr. Moritz engaged in merchandising there until the 
discovery of gold on the Fraser river in the British possessions. He then removed 
with his family to Victoria, where they resided for two years, after which they 
returned to Portland. Later they became residents of Centerville, Idaho, where 
the father was well known as a general merchant. At length he removed to Boise 
City with the view of giving his children better educationjil advantages and 
remained there until 1873, when he went to Salt Lake City, where he was active 
in business until 1890. He then retired and spent his last days in the home of his 
son, S. S. Moritz. He passed away September 23. 1913, when in his eighty- 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 67 

eighth year. He was a man of vigorous constitution and retained the full use of 
his faculties up to the time of his death. His widow survives. 

S. S. Moritz received his education in the schools of Boise City and of Salt 
Lake City and during vacations received business training which stood him in 
good stead in his later years. For several years before leaving school the sum- 
mers were devoted to clerking in various stores in Salt Lake City, chiefly the 
clothing business, and in the spring of 1885, when a young man of twenty-one 
years, he came to Dayton, Washington, to accept a position with Duzenbury & 
Stencil, general merchants. For a year he had charge of their clothing and fur- 
nishing department and then engaged in business for himself, establishing a cloth- 
ing and furnishing store. For eighteen years he conducted that store and became 
a dominant factor in the commercial life of Dayton, his resourcefulness, energy 
and keen insight into business conditions causing him to be generally recognized 
as a leader. In 1904 he sold his store, as he desired to give his undivided atten- 
tion to his other interests. For a number of years he had been investing heavily 
in real estate and he it was who laid out the Syndicate Hill subdivision of Day- 
ton, which is now recognized as the finest residence district of the city, and for 
a decade his entire time was given up to looking after his real estate interests, 
but in 1914 he became postmaster of Dayton by appointment of President Wil- 
son. During the intervening three years he has held that position and has per- 
formed his duties in the same capable manner that he managed his private affairs. 

Mr. Moritz was a stanch republican in his political views until 1896, but in 
that year he became convinced of the wisdom of the policies advocated by Wil- 
liam Jennings Bryan and gave his support to the democratic party, with which 
he has since been identified. He has taken an active part in public affairs and 
many improvements in Dayton have been brought about largely through his in- 
defatigable work in their behalf. Notable among these is his achievement in 
securing the paving of the business district in spite of much indifference and 
determined opposition. His interest in good roads has found further expression 
in the arterial highway law, a very significant piece of legislation, which is based 
upon a plan conceived by Mr. Moritz. When it became necessary to change the 
city charter in conformity with the state regulations he led the movement for a 
charter that would meet all the needs of Dayton and was largely instrumental in 
securing such an instrument. He has been one of the most active members 
in the Dayton Commercial Club since its organization and has had a large part 
in its effective and far-reaching work for the city. Fraternally he belongs to Day- 
ton Lodge, No. 3, K. P. His position as one of the foremost residents of Dayton 
is secure and his personal friends are many. 



T. F. DICE. 



T. F. Dice, residing on section 2, township 9 north, range 36 east, Walla 
Walla county, holds title to a large amount of land but is renting the greater 
part of it and is thus enjoying comparative leisure. His birth occurred in Penn- 
sylvania, February 15, 1859, a son of William and Susan (Redrick) Dice, who 



68 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

passed their entire lives in the Keystone state. Five of their seven children are 
still living. 

T. F. Dice grew to manhood in Pennsylvania and supplemented the educa- 
tion acquired in the public schools by attendance at Mercersburg college in Mer- 
cersburg. On leaving his native state he went to Savannah, Georgia, where he 
spent three years, and then in 1889 he came to Walla Walla county, Washington, 
for the benefit of his health and here he purchased a farm on which he resided 
for three years. He next bought his present home place on section 2, township 9 
north, range 36 east, and for many years personally operated the five hundred 
acres comprised in the farm. At the present time, however, he rents all the land 
but an eighty acre tract, which is in alfalfa and which he looks after himself. 

In 1884 occurred the marriage of Mr. Dice and Miss E. A. Spangenberg. The 
latter was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and is a daughter of Frederick A. 
and Fanny Anna Spangenberg, both also bom in Pennsylvania. The father, who 
successfully engaged in the practice of law for many years, is now deceased, 
but the mother survives. Mrs. Dice had exceptional musical training and her 
talents along that line have been a source of great pleasure to her family and 
friends. Mr. and Mrs. Dice have four children: William T., who lives in Cal- 
ifornia ; Lee R., who is teaching in the University of Montana ; Frances E., the 
wife of the Rev. Robert M. Hood, now a resident of Idaho ; and Carl E., a 
student of Mount Tamalpais Military Academy, San Rafael, California. During 
the years of his residence in Walla Walla county Mr. Dice has become widely 
and favorably known, his many excellent qualities gaining for him many warm 
friends. 



W. H. BARNHART. 



The field of opportunity finds its boundaries only in the limitations of the 
individual. When energy and ambition lie dormant the path of advancement 
seems closed, but to the man who believes that there is a chance for every individual 
and who is willing to take his chance with others, there always comes a time 
when he can take the initial step that will lead on to fortune. That Mr. Barnhart 
recognized the opportune moment is shown in the fact that he is now one of the 
leading business men of Starbuck, where he is widely known as the vice president 
and manager of the Sprout & Barnhart Mercantile Company and also as a 
member of the board of directors of the Bank of Starbuck. Iowa claims him as 
a native son, his birth having occurred in Wapello county on the nth of October, 
1871, his parents being Henry and Ehzabeth (Johnson) Barnhart. The father 
was a native of Tennessee, while the mother's birth occurred in Ohio, and in 
Iowa their marriage was solemnized. They had accompanied their respective 
parents to the last mentioned state in childhood and were there reared. Mr. Barn- 
hart turned his attention to farming and railroading, which he followed in Iowa 
until 1889, when he removed westward to Oregon and for a number of years 
was employed by the Oregon & Washington Railroad & Navigation Company in 
the capacity of engineer. He thus took part in the early development of railway 
operations in the west. He died in December, 191 5, and is survived by his widow, 
who resides on a ranch near Spokane. 




W. H. BARXHART 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 71 

W. H. Barnhart, spending his youthful days under the parental roof, com- 
pleted his education in the high school at Albia, Iowa, from which he was 
graduated with the class of 1889. The following year he came to Oregon and 
for a number of years successfully engaged in teaching school, imparting readily 
and clearly to others the knowledge that he had acquired. He also worked in a 
store at La Grande, Oregon, and subsequently he became a student in Armstrong's 
Business College at Portland. Later he took up railroading as an employe of the 
Oregon & Washington Railroad & Navigation Company and was employed by 
that corporation for thirteen years. During the last seven years of that period 
he ran an engine and in 1907 he resigned his position with the company and 
purchased an interest in the mercantile establishment of W. E. Sprout of Starbuck. 
The following year the company was reorganized and incorporated, with Mr. 
Barnhart as the vice president and manager of the business, and Mr. Sprout as 
the president. They have a spacious and well appointed store, carrying an 
extensive line of goods, and they always maintain the highest standards in the 
personnel of the house, in the stock carried and in the treatment accorded patrons. 
Their business has therefore gradually increased as the years have gone on and 
has become one of the profitable commercial interests of southeastern Washington. 

In September, 1901, Mr. Barnhart was united in marriage to Miss Bessie A. 
Wright, of Starbuck, and they have become parents of two daughters, Grace M. 
and Blanche L. Mr. Barnhart is a loyal representative of the Masonic frater- 
nity, belonging to Tucanon Lodge, No. 106, F. & A. M., of which he is now 
worshipful master. He is also identified with the Brotherhood of Locomotive 
Engineers and has served as chief engineer in the order. In politics he is a 
stalwart republican and is now mayor of Starbuck. He had previously served 
for several years as a member of the town council and his fitness for further and 
more responsible public duties led to his election as chief executive. His wife 
and two daughters are members of the Episcopal church and Mr. Barnhart is 
serving on its board of trustees. His aid and influence are always given on the 
side of progress and improvement as related to the material upbuilding and also 
the social, intellectual and moral advancement of the community. Those who 
know him, and he has a wide acquaintance, esteem him as a man of genuine 
worth who well merits the success that has crowned his efforts since he started 
out in business life empty-handed. 



IRA D. BRUNTON. 



Among the native sons of Walla Walla county who have elected to continue 
residents thereof is Ira D. Brunton, who is engaged in farming on section 30, 
township 8 north, range 36 east. He was born in that township, May 11, 1876, 
and is a son of W. H. H. and Sarah A. (Lewis) Brunton, a sketch of whom 
appears elsew^here in this work. He was reared upon the home farm, and his 
boyhood and youth were spent in the acquirement of a district school educa- 
tion and in helping his father. He further pursued his studies in Whitman 
College and at the old Empire Business College at Walla Walla, thus fitting him- 
self for his later life. 



72 OLD WALI.A WALLA COUXTY 

After his marriage Mr. Bruiiton began farming for himself, operating a part 
of the homestead in partnership with his father, this relation being continued 
until his father's death, after which Mr. Brunton of this review and his brother 
Frank managed the entire estate of seven hundred acres for five years. At the 
end of that time Ira D. Brunton took over the operation of four hundred acres 
and his brother Garfield became responsible for the cultivation of the remain- 
ing three hundred acres. In 1903 our subject purchased one hundred and sixty 
acres adjoining the home farm and he now operates both places and also four 
hundred acres of rented land, or nine hundred and sixty acres in all. It is thus 
evident that his interests are extensive and make heavy demands upon his time 
and energies, but he is industrious, progressive and systematic in his work and 
his affairs are kept well in hand. 

Mr. Brunton was married October 10, 1S97, to Miss Bessie L. Ramseur, 
a daughter of David W. Ramseur, who removed to Walla Walla county from 
North Carolina in 1892. To Mr. and Mrs. Brunton have been born five chil- 
dren: Elsie M., the wife of Clyde Garland, of Walla Walla; and Reese R., 
Lucille B., and Miles and Melvin, twins, all of whom are at home. 

Mr. Brunton's political views are in accord with the principles of the demo- 
cratic party and he supports its candidates at the polls. In 1908 he was his 
party's nominee for sheriflf and polled a large vote. Fraternally he is connected 
with Mountain Gem Lodge, No. 136, K. P., and his wife is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. He is held in high esteem as a citizen and as a 
man, and his success as a farmer entitles him to rank among the leaders in the 
agricultural development of the county. 



JOSEPH CLARK FAIR. 

Joseph Clark Fair, an independent grain buyer and one of Dayton's foremost 
business men and representative citizens, was born in Benton county, Arkansas, 
February 26, 1874, a son of Joseph A. and Martha Ann (Russell) Fair, the 
former born in Sullivan county, Tennessee, and the latter in Barry county, Mis- 
souri. The parents were taken by their respective parents to Benton county, 
Arkansas, and there grew to manhood and womanhood. They continued to reside 
there following their marriage, with the exception of four years spent in Texas, 
up to the time of the mother's death, which occurred in June, 1899. The father 
devoted his active life to farming but is now a resident of Centerton, Benton 
county, Arkansas, where he is living retired. He is a local Methodist minister 
and was often importuned to join the conference but refused, saying he knew he 
could make a living farming but did not know whether he could as a minister or 
not. His parents, Ellis and Nancy Hamilton (Easly) Fair, were representatives 
of old families of Tennessee. Mr. Fair was killed by Indians at the time of the 
Civil war. The parents of Mrs. Martha Ann (Russell) Fair were Ehjah and 
Louisa (Bell) Russell, natives respectively of Missouri and Tennessee. Mr. 
Russell went to the California gold mines in 1849, crossing the plains with ox 
team, and returned to the east in 1852 by sailing vessel. At the time of the Civil 
war he was killed by bushwackers. 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUXTY 73 

Joseph Clark Fair was reared at home, and in the acquirement of his educa- 
tion attended the common schools of Arkansas and the Elm Springs Academy, 
in Washington county, that state. For two terms he engaged in teaching in Ben- 
ton county, Arkansas, but because of the low salary paid teachers gave up the 
profession. In 1898 he decided to try his fortune in the far west and located at 
Condon, Gilliam county, Oregon, where he was connected with lumber interests. 
He remained there for five years and during the last year helped to build the 
courthouse. During that time he acquired title to seven hundred and twenty 
acres of land, which he has since sold at a profit. In 1903 he became a resident 
of Dayton, Washington, where he has ever since remained, and he is well known 
throughout Columbia county as a grain-buyer. He is expert in judging wheat 
and keeps in the closest touch with the grain markets and has been very success- 
ful in his business affairs. 

Mr. Fair was married in 1908 to Miss Nellie Virginia Gregg, who was born 
in Washington county, Arkansas, but at the time of her marriage was county 
superintendent of schools of Columbia county. To them was born one child, who. 
however, is deceased. Mr. Fair is a stanch democrat in politics and has served 
with ability as a member of the town council. He is well known in fraternal 
circles, belonging to Alki Lodge, No. 136, I. O. O. F., of which he is past grand; 
Franklin Encampment, No. 13, I. O. O. F., of which he is past chief patriarch; 
Dayton Lodge, No. 26, F. & A. M., of which he is now worshipful master; and 
Dayton Lodge, No. 3, K. P., of which he is past chancellor. His religious faith 
is indicated by his membership in the Congregational church, and in his business 
dealings, as well as in the private relations of life, his conduct measures up to 
high moral standards. He feels that his decision to come to the west was one of 
the wisest that he has ever made and he is confident that a greater future is in 
store for this section. 



CHARLES CLAGUE. 



Charles Clague, a prosperous farmer residing on section 2, township 9 north, 
range 36 east, Walla Walla county, was born on the Isle of Man in March, i860, 
a son of Richard and Isabella (Quirk) Clague, also natives of that island, 
where their entire lives were passed. Our subject's education was received in 
the public schools and he remained in his native country until he attained his 
majority but in 1881 came to the United States. For six months he worked in a 
grocery store in Olean, New York, after which he decided to see the west. There 
for a month he worked in Colorado and then continued his journey, arriving in 
,San Francisco on Christmas day, 1881. He only remained in that city for two 
days, however, and then came to Walla Walla county, Washington. He took up 
a homestead two miles south of Prescott and for twenty years lived upon that 
place, which he operated successfully. He also purchased other land, becoming 
the owner of seven hundred and eighty acres. In 1902, in partnership with 
T. F. Dice, he bought five hundred acres of land and later they purchased the old 
Samuel Erwin home farm, where both have since resided. I\Ir. Clague has sold 
his homestead and the land adjoining and has also disposed of the equity of the 



74 OLD \\ALLA WALLA COUNTY 

five hundred acre tract but retains his interest in the farm of eighty acres, where 
he and Mr. Dice reside. He also is the owner of fifty-two acres of irrigated land 
near Patterson, Stanislaus county, California. He has gained financial independ- 
ence and. having disposed of the greater part of his holdings, is now enjoying a 
period of comparative leisure. 

Mr. Clague is a progressive republican in politics and has always been most 
loyal to the interests of his adopted country. He belongs to the Presbyterian 
church and in its teachings are found the principles which guide his life. For 
thirty-six years he has resided in Walla Walla county and has done his part in 
bringing about the wonderful development that has taken place during that time. 
He has a wide acquaintance and a large number of warm personal friends. 



FRANK W. PAINE. 



Frank W. Paine is a capitalist of Walla Walla whose name is inseparably 
interwoven with the history of city and state. Coming to the west in pioneer 
times, he is familiar with every phase of frontier life and with the processes of 
development which have brought the state from pioneer conditions to its present 
stage of progress and prosperityv -H4ft -individual- labors have contributed much 
to the results achieved, and ho accounfoFWalla Walla's development would be 
complete without extended refeteRce'tb'hini. " ' " "• 

Mr. Paine was bom August 2^„ -1839^ -iu. Mercer, Somerset couny, Maine, 
and has therefore passed th^-seVinty-^efgJith'Jnflestone on life's journey. His 
father, William Pairfe, was born in Hingham, Massachusetts, September 5, 1801, 
and died December 4, 1883, wliile the mother, who bore the maiden name of 
Elizabeth Wentworth Pike, was born in Somersworth, New Hampshire, Decem- 
ber 29, 1804, and passed away February 14, 1872. Both parents were of English 
Puritan stock. Among the early representatives of the Paine family were men 
of title who belonged to the nobility of England, and in New England representa- 
tives of the name loyally served their country in the struggle for independence 
and as statesmen aided in formulating the policy of the commonwealth with 
which they were connected. In religious faith the parents of Frank W. Paine 
were Congregationalists. In political faith William Paine was first a whig and 
afterwards a republican, and by occupation he was a fanner. To him and his 
wife were born six children, who were reared more in the fear than in the love of 
God, but for their day they were on the firing line, both in good works and 
exemplary lives. 

Frank W. Paine began his education in a little unpainted schoolhouse of one 
room, which stood at the forks of the road on Beech Hill, in the town of Mercer, 
Somerset county, Maine. He at first had the opportunity of attending school for 
about eight weeks in the summer and ten weeks in the winter season until he was 
ten or eleven years of age, when he no longer found it possible to continue his 
studies through the summer but was enabled to attend school through the winter 
until his eighteenth year. He then began teaching in the country districts through 
the winter months, while the summer was devoted to farm work. On leaving 
the schoolroom, however, he did not consider his education complete, for his 



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OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 79 

strong desire for learning has led him to read and study systematically and he 
always has near him good books on history, literature, science and poetry. Such 
books have also constituted a part of his continuous reading and thus he has 
obviated his lack of early training and become a most well informed man. More- 
over, in the various positions of public trust which he has filled he has always 
found it to be of the greatest assistance to resort to the most reliable authorities 
treating on the matters in hand and in these ways he has been able to accomplish 
something of what a liberal education might have done for him. He has many 
times so keenly felt his deficiency in the lack of school and college training that 
upon an analysis of his educational shortcomings he determined that his most 
serious lack was a fuller understanding of history, literature and Latin, and he 
has wherever possible urged young men to prepare along those lines. 

As school teaching and farming seemed to oft'er small opportunities in 
Maine, Mr. Paine resolved to go west and chose California as his objective point, 
arriving in that state in October, 1861, with a letter from the late Judge E. D. 
Sawyer of San Francisco to an old friend of his at Mokelumne Hill. He was 
soon on the ground of the "Jumping Frog of Calaveras county" and found the 
addressee of his letter to be the proprietor of a provision store and his affairs 
much run down at the heel. Early in the spring of 1862, therefore, Mr. Paine 
went to Dogtown, in Shasta county, to join two friends who were preparing to 
go to the newly discovered mines on Salmon river in Idaho. He became the 
third member of the party, whose route, as contemplated, lay over the Siskiyou 
mountains to southern Oregon, then to Portland and-oii.by \yay of Walla Walla, 
but at Jacksonville they were advised to cross the Cascade mduritains down the 
east side to Klamath lake and on to Walla Walla. After many days of weary 
walking they arrived in Walla Walla late in June, .i86i; and there met the return- 
ing tide of miners from Salmon river and Florence, wlwbdiscQHraged the three 
young men from going further in that direction. 

Under the stress of necessity Mr. Paine made haste to find employment and 
after two or three months by precarious work of different kinds he secured 
a situation in the Baker-Boyer store but was soon detailed to take charge of the 
Spray warehouse at Wallula under Dr. Baker's direction. In the spring of 1863 
a mad rush for the Boise mines carried Mr. Paine along. As a measure of 
economy he engaged with a mule pack train owned by the firm of Johnson & 
Stratton, serving as off side packer and learning to "throw the diamond hitch." 
The wealth which Mr. Paine accumulated in that mining venture consisted 
mainly in experience. In the fall of 1864 he returned to Walla Walla and at 
once was reinstated in his former position with the Baker-Boyer firm, there re- 
maining until the spring of 1866, when another attack of mining fever took him 
to Montana with a stock of clothing made for the California miners' trade, which 
stock of goods was readily sold at a good profit. After enjoying a few weeks 
of summer on the summit of the Rockies he returned to the land of his adoption, 
and to be safeguarded against another "call of the wild," on his return he ac- 
cepted the proffer of a partnership made by William Stephens, a merchant con- 
ducting business at the corner of Main and First streets. The business prospered 
and at the end of a year Mr. Paine purchased the interest of his partner and 
admitted his brother John to a partnership, removing the stock to the corner of 

Second and Main streets, where they conducted a very substantial business. 
Vol. n — 4 



80 • OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

After about two years opportunity enabled Mr. Paine to succeed by purchase to 
the Baker-Boyer business, then located on the present site of the Baker-Boyer 
Bank. Miles C. Moore joined him as a partner under the style of Paine Brothers 
& Moore, which firm soon became widely known for its business enterprise and 
also for its local political influence. During the existence of the firm they estab- 
lished branches at Waitsburg and at Dayton and built a fine steamboat, The 
Northwest, to ply in wheat carrying on the Columbia and Snake rivers. The 
war department, however, leased the steamboat to transport troops and munitions 
during the war with the hostile Willowas, under the notable Chief Joseph, in 
1878. Soon after the boat was taken over by the Oregon Railway & Navigation 
Company. After nearly ten years of pleasant and profitable partnership Mr. 
Moore withdrew from the firm. In the meantime they had concentrated their 
attention upon farm implements and machinery and this business was conducted 
under the style of Paine Brothers. In 1879 they built the three-story brick build- 
ing, which was then the finest business block in the northwest outside of Port- 
land. Upon its completion and upon the organization of the First National 
Bank it took up its home in this building, where it has since continued. 

While for many years Mr. Paine figured most prominently in commercial 
circles, he also became a leader in the public life of the community as well. His 
first public office was that of councilman, which he filled in 1878 and 1879. He 
afterward served as city treasurer in 1883 and 1884 and was mayor of Walla 
Walla through the two succeeding years. All of these offices came to him un- 
sought. During his mayoralty term he signed the ordinance prohibiting stock 
from running at large in the streets and this executive act lost him his reelection. 
He recognized, however, the value of such a course to the city and followed the 
dictates of his judgment and his conscience notwithstanding the contrary advice 
of his friends who desired his reelection. In 1880 Mr. Paine was elected school 
director in District No. 34, the western part of the city. In 1882, by act of the 
legislature. Districts No. 34 and No. i, the latter the eastern part of the city, were 
united in one and the two boards of directors acted as one until the next election, 
when Mr. Paine was elected one of the three directors for the combined district. 
He was reelected at each succeeding election until 1906 and during his in- 
cumbency, covering more than twenty-five years, he was chairman of the board, 
which from time to time had to meet increasing requirements by the erection of 
two frame and three brick schoolhouses. To do this the legal maximum levy 
of five per cent was not exceeded. The educational work done and the standing 
of the schools was equal to the best in the state. 

In 1887 Governor Watson C. Squire, at the request of many of Mr. Paine's 
friends, appointed him superintendent of the new state penitentiary which had 
been recently erected at Walla Walla, with orders to establish rules and regula- 
tions and to conduct the institution on a similar plan to that of the Oregon state 
penitentiary. After some hesitation he accepted the appointment, and as the 
legislature, after providing an appropriation to erect the buildings, had neglected 
to make any appropriation for its maintenance, it became necessary to secure a 
citizens' pledge of five thousand dollars on which to draw for incidentals for the 
ensuing year or until the next legislature should meet. This done, he took six 
good men as guards with him to Seatco, where the old contract prison built of 
logs was located and where the convicts divided their time between working in 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 81 

a sash and door factory, working their way out of prison and being worked back 
by a reward or a bloodhound. Governor Squire met Mr. Paine at that place 
and after getting a record of the convicts, as a measure of economy for the state, 
he pardoned sixteen whose terms were nearly completed, leaving ninety-seven 
to be transfered to Walla Walla, which was accomplished without loss of any 
member. The next problem was to produce work for the prisoners and Mr. 
Paine soon succeeded in establishing and operating successfully a brickyard, 
which proved greatly beneficial to the prisoners. At the close of his term and on 
the convening of the legislature he reported to the governor, then Governor 
Semple, giving account of the amount required to cover all indebtedness incurred. 
The legislature readily made the appropriation, supplemented by a complimen- 
tary resolution. Two years later, under a new legislative enactment, Mr. Paine 
was made chairman of a commission of three members appointed by Governor 
Elisha P. Ferry, consisting of P. A. Preston, F. M. Lowden and Mr. Paine. 
With the ready compliance of his colleagues, Mr. Paine proceeded at once to 
establish a jute mill, having at his personal expense visited and investigated the 
San Quentin and Oakland jute mills, where he learned of their methods and was 
advised of their profits, thus becoming convinced of the economy of the meas- 
ure and of what was of much greater moment, the providing of employment for 
the inmates of the institution. The establishment of the mill was strenuously 
opposed by the labor element, as had been the brickyard, but the objection to con- 
vict labor has been largely overcome in view of the importance to the health and 
morals of the inmates of all such institutions. With the advanced views of the 
day Mr. Paine gladly sees the passing of another most degrading abuse from 
which this particular institution suffered at times in its earliest history — that of 
making it a base for political operations of a most scandalous character and its 
offices a reward for political jobbery. 

Another field of activity into which Mr. Paine entered was that of the Build- 
ing Loan & Trust Association, which he was largely instrumental in organizing 
in February, 1890. It was called the International Building Loan & Trust Asso- 
ciation of Walla Walla and soon built up a prosperous business. It has con- 
tinuously paid its patrons a good rate of interest, has built many comfortable 
homes in and around the city and is today one of the leading institutions of the 
kind in the state. It is strictly mutual, makes money only for the stockholders 
and the only salary paid is that to its secretary, together with a small fee to its 
board members for each regular monthly meeting. The business methods are 
highly commended by the state examiner. Of this association Mr. Paine has 
been the president since its inception, covering a period of more than twenty- 
seven years. One of the most greatly appreciated honors that has come to Mr. 
Paine has been his appointment on the board of overseers of Whitman College 
and he is further honored in the position of chairman on the college loaning 
board. 

In the late '70s Mr. Paine assisted in organizing the first Board of Trade at 
Walla Walla. At that early date it was thought to be of questionable value to the 
business community, so that it was with difficulty that funds could be secured 
to pay a secretary. In fact the body's activities and even its existence was at 
times of an intermittent order. In time the Board of Trade became the Cham- 
ber of Commerce and eventually the Commercial Club, and it fell to the lot of 



82 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Captain P. B. Johnson of the Walla Walla Union and to Mr. Paine to keep alive 
the last named organization, the former acting as secretary and the latter as 
president. They answered correspondence, mailed descriptive circulars and other 
literature and in this way induced at least some settlers to come to the valley. 
All this occurred long before the inception of the present very much alive com- 
mercial body. 

Mr. Paine not only figured in the business and public activities of the city but 
also in its social organizations. He became a member of the Inquiry Club on 
its organization twenty-six years ago, a club which is still in vigorous existence. 
Its membership has included many of the brightest minds in Walla Walla— men 
from various professions and callings in life. Whitman College has been largely 
represented on its roster. The workings of the club certainly have a great charm 
for its members, for its discussions cover the widest possible range of subjects 
and any member called upon expresses his views upon the subject under discus- 
sion with entire absence of restraint and accepts with good grace whatever he 
may get in return. Mr. Paine was also connected with an association of gentle- 
men of literary attainments which was organized in 1877. Among its members 
were Dr. George M. Sternberg, later surgeon general of the United States army, 
Judge J. K. Kennedy, Dr. J. E. Bingham, Colonel H. E. Holmes, Ex-Governor 
M. C. Moore, Colonel W. H. Miller, J. F. Boyer, Major R. R. Rees, F. W. Paine 
and a number of other prominent citizens. The objects of this association, as ex- 
pressed in its articles of organization, were to maintain a scientific and useful 
library, to promote science and to cultivate and improve its members. Mr. Paine 
is also a member of the Archaeological Association of Walla Walla, which under 
Professor Anderson maintains a good degree of activity, bringing to the city 
many able lecturers on arts and sciences. On the list of the members of the 
Symphony Orchestra is also found the name of Frank W. Paine, who has been 
its honored president for many years, an association which has done much to 
cultivate and promote musical taste in Walla Walla. 

Most pleasantly situated in his home life, notwithstanding the extent and 
importance of his business and public and social activities, the interest of Frank 
W. Paine, yet has ever centered in his home. He married Ida B. Illsley, a 
daughter of Jonathan H. Illsley, a merchant of Harrison, Maine, the wedding 
being celebrated in the Presbyterian church on Capitol Hill in Washington, D. C, 
April 3, 1876. After a brief visit to their old homes in Maine they turned to- 
ward Walla Walla, visiting the Centennial at Philadelphia while en route and 
thence proceeding to San Francisco, to Portland and on to their destination, where 
they arrived on the 6th of July, being soon domiciled in the home which they yet 
occupy. Mrs. Paine comes of a family of superior musical and literary talent, 
finding its highest exponent perhaps in her eldest sister, the late Mrs. Caroline 
A. Tolman, who possessed unusual literary ability and devoted much time and 
talent to advocating the emancipation of women, contemporaneous with Eliza- 
beth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony and Abigail Scott Dunniway. They 
labored to make a place for woman side by side with man. Theirs was scant 
praise in their day but already the harvest of their labors is being garnered. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Paine were bom four daughters. Elizabeth, the eldest, 
passed away at the age of twenty-four years. Josephine became the wife of 
Timothy A. Paul, a graduate of the University of Virginia and now a resident 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 83 

of Walla Walla, by whom she has three children, two sons and a daughter. Mary 
became the wife of Ben G. Stone, a real estate and insurance man and farmer 
of Walla Walla, and they have two sons. Frances is the wife of R. Douglas Ball, 
"who is engaged in the wholesale paper business in Seattle, and they have three 
children, a daughter and two sons. Mr. and Mrs. Paine are happy in the pos- 
session of their three daughters, their generous, manly husbands and their prom- 
ising children. They stand to them a full measure of reward for any and all 
sacrifices it may have been their duty and pleasure to make for them and an 
ample assurance of continued happiness in them, for all of which they duly re- 
turn thanks to the "giver of every good and perfect gift." 



JOHN N. FALL. 



John N. Fall was one of the pioneers of Walla Walla county who reaped 
the reward of his labors, being at the time of his death the owner of large tracts 
of fine wheat land, the operation of which he supervised, altliough a resident 
of Walla Walla. He was born in Indiana, September 13, 1836, a son of Asa 
and Agnes (Davis) Fall, the former a native of North Carolina. Both parents 
passed their last years in Walla Walla county. 

John N. Fall received the education usually afforded boys in pioneer com- 
munities and remained with his parents until he reached mature years. In 1861 
he decided to take advantage of the opportunities offered the ambitious young 
man in the Pacific northwest and crossed the plains with ox teams. He at once 
settled in Walla Walla county, buying a farm on Mill creek, on which he resided 
until 1867. He then removed to Walla Walla but continued to operate his farm 
and, although as the years passed his holdings increased rapidly, he never ceased 
to exercise direct personal supervision over his agricultural interests. He was 
at once practical and progressive, being ready to adopt any new method or imple- 
ment whose value had been reasonably well proven. He gave careful study to 
the problems of increased production, the conservation of soil fertility and ad- 
vantageous marketing, and it was recognized that he was an authority on every- 
thing pertaining to wheat raising. 

Mr. Fall was married in Missouri in 1858 to Miss Sarah E. Williams,, a 
daughter of Benjamin and Mary Williams, both of whom were born in Kentucky, 
but for a number of years resided in Missouri, whence they finally removed to 
Iowa, where the father passed away. The mother then came to Walla Walla 
county, where she spent her last years. To Mr. and Mrs. Fall was born a son, 
Dr. E. E. Fall, who died in February, 1917, leaving a son, Edmond E. 

Mr. Fall supported the democratic party at the polls and manifested the 
interest of a good citizen in public affairs. Fraternally he belonged to the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and the Ancient Order of United Workmen, and 
the spirit which characterized his life was that of fraternity and consideration for 
others. He passed away in 1900 and was laid to rest in Mountain View ceme- 
tery. He was a consistent member of the Presbyterian church, to the support 
of which he contributed generously, and his sterling worth gained him a warm 
place in the regard of those who were closely associated with him. Mrs. Fall was 



84 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

also a member of that denomination and was likewise keenly interested in its 
various activities. After the death of her husband she owned and personally 
managed the operation of two thousand and forty acres of wheat land and two 
hundred and forty acres on the mountain, a part of which was wheat land and a 
part pasture. In looking after her extensive interests she manifested an executive 
ability and keen insight into business that was far above the average and slie was 
recognized as a factor in the development of the county along agricultural lines. 



ELMER L. WOODS. 



Elmer L. Woods, who resides on section 7, township 9 north, range 27 east, 
is one of the leading horticulturists of Walla Walla county, his apple orchard 
comprising almost four thousand trees of the finest varieties. He was born in that 
township, November 4, 1888, and is a son of Joel and Viola M. (Hull) Woods, 
a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work. He was reared at home and 
during his boyhood and youth attended the Waitsburg public schools, thus receiv- 
ing a good education. On reaching man's estate he became associated with his 
father in the operation of the home farm, and this relation was continued until 
the father's death. In 191 1 forty acres were planted to apple trees, ninety-six 
to an acre, by Walter & Morris, the administrators of the estate. This orchard 
of three thousand eight hundred and forty trees is now bearing, and is one of 
the finest fruit orchards in the county. At the time the estate was settled Mr. 
Woods of this review acquired title to the orchard, and it yielded about two 
thousand boxes of apples in 1917. He has given the orchard the most thorough 
and systematic care and is ever businesslike in solving problems of packing and 
marketing. 

Mr. Woods belongs to Delta Lodge, No. 70, K. P., of Waitsburg and is in 
hearty sympathy with the ideals of the fraternity upon which that organization 
is based. He jxjssesses in marked measure the enterprise and self-reliance char- 
acteristic of the western man, and he has the utmost confidence in the future of 
his county and state. 



FRANK SINGLETON. 



There are few residents of Walla Walla who can claim connection with the 
city from 1857. The memory of Frank Singleton, however, harks back to the 
period when this was a frontier fort and the work of progress and civilization 
had scarcely been begim in all this section of the country. The Indians were more 
numerous than the white settlers and only here and there had some venture- 
some spirit penetrated into the western wilderness to plant the seeds of civilization. 
Frpnk Singleton, who is now extensively interested in mining and is engaged 
in the real estate business in Walla W^alla, was but six years of age at the time 
of his arrival in Washington. He was lx)rn in San Antonio. Texas, November 7, 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 85 

1S50, and after the removal of the family to the northwest pursued his educa- 
tion in the public and parochial schools of Walla Walla. On reaching manhood 
he engaged in tlie live stock business, with which he was prominently identified 
for many years. At one time he was a heavy holder of farm lands, but in 1916 
he sold his farm north of Prescott, comprising six hundred acres, which was 
the last of his farm possessions. For the past twelve years he has been prom- 
inently identified with mining and has large holdings in mining property. For 
six years he has been engaged in the real estate business in Walla Walla and has 
negotiated many important realty transfers. In a word, he is a progressive 
business man, alert and energetic, his activities guided by sound judgment, while 
his laudable ambition has brought to him gratifying success. 

In July, 1907, Mr. Singleton was united in marriage to Mrs. Martha White, 
who in her maidenhood was Miss Kidwell, a daughter of James Kidwell, who 
in 1863 cast in his lot with the pioneer settlers of Walla Walla. By her former 
marriage Mrs. Singleton had two sons : Walter, who is engaged in farming in 
Walla Walla county ; and Vivian, who is a farmer of Franklin county. Mr. 
and Mrs. Singleton are widely and favorably known in the city and surround- 
ing country, having an extensive circle of friends, while the hospitality of the 
best homes is freely accorded them. With every phase of pioneer life and of 
the later development and progress of the county they are familiar, having 
been interested witnesses of the growth and upbuilding of this section of the 
state from early pioneer times. 



WILLIAM D. PAUL. 



William D. Paul was successful as a farmer and his personal qualities were 
such that he made and retained friends readily. He was recognized as a man 
of worth and there was much sincere regret when he passed away at his home 
in Walla Walla. His birth occurred in Walla Walla county, October 21, 1864, 
and his parents were Thomas and Susan F. (Ellis) Paul, both of whom were born 
in Iowa. In 1861 they crossed the plains with ox team to Washington, and the 
father took up a claim in Walla Walla tounty, on which they resided until called 
by death. 

William D. Paul was reared under the parental roof and in the acquirement 
of his education attended the pioneer schools. His entire life was devoted to 
farming and he became in time the owner of three hundred and twenty acres 
of fertile land, from which he received a gratifying income. He made many 
improvements upon his place and was careful and systematic in the conduct of 
the farm work. He also held title to valuable city property and for a number 
of years resided in Walla Walla. 

In 1895 Mr. Paul was married to Miss Kate Loney, a native of Canada and 
a daughter of Charles and Charlotte (Cole) Loney, who were born in Ireland 
but emigrated to Canada in young manhood and womanhood. In 1880 they 
came to Walla Walla, Washington, and here they passed their remaining days. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Paul were born four children: Thomas N., who is farming 



86 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

in Walla Walla county; Winifred and Ruth, both high school students; and 
Geneva. 

Mr. Paul endorsed the principles of the republican party, and gave his loyal 
support to its candidates at the polls. His religious faith was the determining 
principle in his life and he gave freely of his time and means in furthering work 
of the Baptist church, in which he held the office of deacon and also that of 
treasurer. He passed away August 24, 1916, and was laid to rest in the Moun- 
tain View cemetery. His unswerving integrity and his consistent regard for the 
rights and feelings of others gave him a place in the warm regard of many, and 
those who were privileged to know him intimately still cherish his memory. 
Mrs. Paul owns the family residence in Walla Walla and there makes her home. 
She rents the farm and personally attends to the management of her affairs 
and displays in that connection unusual business qualities. She, too, is a faith- 
ful and active member of the Baptist church and is a woman of many admirable 
qualities. 



WILLIAM S. CLARK. 



William S. Clark, who is living retired in Walla Walla save for the manage- 
ment of his extensive farming interests, has passed his entire life in the north- 
west and is a son of pioneers who came to "Old Oregon" in 1843, when this 
region was wild and uninhabited save by Indians and fur traders and when 
it was still a mooted question whether it was British or American territory. 
The birth of William S. Clark occurred in Portland, Oregon, April 9, 1857, 
and his parents were Ransom and Lettice Jane (Millican) Clark. The father 
was born near St. Johnsbury, Vermont, July 22, 1810, and was descended from 
a long line of Puritan ancestors. The first one of the family to emigrate to 
America was Lieutenant William Clark, who became one of the first settlers 
of Dorchester and Northampton, Massachusetts. Smith College at Northamp- 
ton is situated upon land that was a part of his homestead. 

Ransom Clark received his education in Vermont and remained there for a 
considerable period after reaching mature years. At length, however, he mani- 
fested the pioneer spirit that had characterized his ancestors and removed to 
the west, where he believed there were better opportunities. He first located 
in Wisconsin and then went to St. Louis and later to New Orleans. He was in 
St. Louis in 1843 at the time Lieutenant Fremont was fitting out his company 
for his trip to the Pacific coast and although the greater part of his men were 
French and Canadian frontiersmen, Mr. Clark and about a half dozen other 
Americans enlisted for the expedition. Mr. Clark remained with the Fremont 
party until The Dalles were reached and then, with two other Americans, left 
the command and joined the American emigrants just coming into the country. 
In the spring of 1844 he took up his residence upon a farm near Lafayette and 
was successful in adapting himself to the conditions of that frontier locality, 
growing good crops and also engaging in stock raising. The Oregon Spectator 
of July 4, 1846, contained the following advertisement: "Ransom Clark, at his 
home on Yamhill river, offers for sale wheat, oats, com, white beans, peas and 




RANSOM CLARK 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 89 

potatoes, also bacon, salt pork, hogs and breeding sows." At the time of the 
discovery of gold he went to the mines in California, where he spent two years, 
after which he conducted a hotel in Linn, Oregon, and still later became one 
of the proprietors of the Columbian Hotel in Portland. In 1855 he went to the 
Colville country, in which gold had been discovered, and returning by way of 
Walla Walla, took up a donation claim of six hundred and forty acres just south 
of the present site of Walla Walla. However, the country had not yet been 
formally opened for settlement and he was compelled to leave by Nathan Olney, 
Indian agent. In 1858, however, he learned that the country would soon be 
opened up and in that spring went to his claim with a full outfit of farming 
implements, fruit trees, nursery stock, etc. He took with him John Haley to 
fence and care for his place and, leaving him there, soon returned to Oregon. 
The following spring he again came to this region, and this time was accom- 
panied by his son, Charles W., whom he left on the place. In May he returned 
to Portland to make final arrangements for removing to his land, but while 
there became ill and died on the 24th of May, 1859, at the early age of forty-nine 
years. He was a member of the famous Lyceum and Debating Society of Ore- 
gon City and, as he wrote to a friend, "always advocated those principles which 
are best calculated to promote the cause of education, to promote the greatest 
good to the greatest number." He was quite prominetllrtn: civic affairs, served 
as a member of one of the early legislatures and in iS44..w^s.,-Qhe.. of three com- 
missioners to view out and survey a road from the 'WillairLette . f ajjs , to th« falls 
of the Yamhill river. He realized that a great, future^^vas' itr-' Store; for this 
section and was among the men who laid broad arid"!d£e|) 'tiie.-lQUudatieu.'for its 

future development. • .,-....-.-.■...■ 

Ransom Clark was married in 1845 to Miss Lettice Jane, the eldest daugh- 
ter of Elijah and Lucinda (Crisp) Millican. She was born in Canehill, Arkan- 
sas, October 3, 1830. In 1843 the family joined the \A'hitman train and after 
a journey of weary months reached Oregon. The following year the Millican 
family settled near the town of Lafayette, Yamhill county, and there in 1845 
Lettice J. Millican became the wife of Ransom Clark. Following the death of 
her husband in 1S59, she made the journey to Walla Walla in order to make 
arrangements for subsequently locating upon the farm which Mr. Clark had 
taken up and which was known for many years as the Ransom Clark donation 
claim. She was given a place in the government ambulance from Wallula to 
Walla Walla and her first night in the latter place was spent in the fort. The 
following morning she was driven out to her claim and remained there for two 
weeks. She then returned to Portland, where the birth of her daughter occurred 
the following summer. In October, 1859, she again came to Walla Walla in 
company with her family. They were passengers on the first stage from The 
Dalles to Walla Walla, with John F. Abbott as driver. Later she received a 
letter from Judge E. D. Shattuck of Portland advising her to sell her claim 
for two hundred and seventy-five dollars and abandon the idea of developing it. 
However, she disregarded this advice and continued to reside upon the farm 
with her children. On the 23d of May, i86t, she married Almos H. Reynolds, 
a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work. She was one of the earliest 
pioneer women at the head of a ranch in Walla Walla county and the fact 
that she had been privileged to witness more of the growth of the northwest 



90 OLD WjVLLA WALLA COUNTY 

ihan others seemed to t,nvc bur an added interest in everything j)ertaining to 
public welfare. She contribiUed much to the upbuilding of the various institu- 
tions of the city and by reason of her force of character and her many liberal 
and well advised benefactions she was recognized as a most prominent citizen 
of Walla Walla. The erection of the Young Men's Christian Association build- 
ing was made possible by a twenty thousand dollar donation from her and after 
its completion she was one of the chief contributors toward its upkeep. ,\t the 
rally and jubilee held when the association had raised the forty-five thousand 
dollars necessary to pay off its debt the speech that she made expressing her 
great joy in the knowledge that the association was free of all debt will long 
be remembered by all who heard her. She was also a loyal friend and patron 
of Whitman College, contributing generously at various times to the support 
of the institution and paying off a debt of six thousand dollars on the girls' 
dormitoiy, which is named in her honor Reynolds Hall. She was a woman of 
the highest ideals and also had the keenness of intellect and strength of character 
to realize her ideals and the memory of Lettice J. Reynolds will long be held in 
honor in Walla Walla. 

William S. Clark received his education in the public schools and Whitman 
Academy, his parents realizing the value of liberal training and giving their 
children the best advantages possible. After leaving school he went to work 
in the drug store of Dr. J. H. Day of Walla Walla, and there studied pharmacy. 
Later he was for two years clerk in a drug store in Portland and then returned to 
Walla Walla and continued to engage in the drtig business here until 1877. He 
was then employed for some time on the railroad from Walla Walla to Wallula, 
owned by Dr. Baker. The latter recognized that with the settling up of the 
country land would rapidly increase in value and advised Mr. Clark to invest 
his savings in land. Accordingly he began buying farm lands, to the operation 
of which he gave close personal supervision for many years. He now, how- 
ever, leaves all the actual work of cultivation to others, confining his attention 
to the business management of his properties. 

On the 6th of June, 1900, A/[r. Clark was united in marriage to Miss Ella 
M. Seelye, a teacher for seventeen years in the Walla Walla public schools. She 
was born in Minnesota and is a daughter of Stuart Seelye, who had the dis- 
tinction of building the first lumber, shingle and flour mills in Little Falls, 
Minnesota. The Seelye family have been prominent in educational circles 
in the east, Julius Seelye being president of Amherst College and Clark Seelye 
president of Sinith College. To Mr. and Mrs. Clark has been born a daughter, 
Evelyn. 

Mr. and Mrs. Clark are members of the Congregational church and its work 
profits greatly by their material and moral support. Mr. Clark is a republican 
in politics and has taken quite a prominent part in public affairs. He was 
assistant secretary of the constitutional convention of Washington territory 
which met in i87<S and has never ceased to be an earnest student of the questions 
and issues of the day. For two years he was president of the Farmers Union 
of Walla Walla and in 1873 he was a member of the party under the leadership 
of Major Truax which surveyed the land around Colfax. He also saw military 
service, serving in the Nez Perce Indian war in 1877 and in the Bannock war 
in 1878. His record oroves that he is in all respects worthy of his ancestors. 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 91 

among whom were numbered soldiers of the Revolutionary war, and he has 
taken advantage of the privilege which his descent affords of joining the Sons 
of the American Revolution. The first member of the family in America, 
Lieutenant William Clark, who came to this country in 1630, also participated in 
Indian fighting, taking part in a war which occurred in the year of his arrival. 
Mr. Clark is a member of the different Masonic orders. He feels the greatest 
loyalty toward his city and state and nothing gives him more pleasure than to 
cooperate with movements for the public benefit. 



JOHN SINGLETON. 

John Singleton was one of the earliest of Walla Walla's pioneers, arriving 
here in 1857, and to the time of his death he was prominently, actively and help- 
fully associated with the work of development and progress in this section of 
the state. He was born in County Cork, Ireland, in 1824, and was educated under 
private tutors. On the 22d of April, 1847, he was married in Queens county, 
Ireland, to Miss Frances Jane Gowan and two years later they crossed the 
Atlantic to the United States, settling in New York, where he at once enlisted 
for service in the army. He was sent to Texas as quartermaster's clerk under 
Major Bilger and the command was stationed in the Alamo at San Antonio, 
Texas, his office being in the very room where Colonel Davy Crockett was killed. 
He remained in Texas in the service of the government for six years and was 
then honorably discharged, after which he returned to Washington, D. C. Sub- 
sequently he occupied a clerical position for six months in the old arsenal. He 
then went to Baltimore, Maryland. In 1856 Mr. Singleton again enlisted in the 
army for service on the Pacific coast, believing that the change of climate would 
benefit his failing health. He made his way westward by way of the Isthmus 
of Panama and thence northward to Vancouver, Washington, where he was 
stationed for ten months. His company afterward took part in the war with 
the Yakima Indians, having several sharp engagements with them in the Cas- 
cade mountains. His command was led by Captain Winder and the Indians 
by Chief Camiachan. After subduing the red men Captain Winder's command 
built a fort and remained in the Cascades for about a year, but later was trans- 
ferred to The Dalles, Oregon, and in the spring of 1857 arrived at Fort Walla 
Walla, where Mr. Singleton remained in the service until 1861, when he was 
honorably discharged, his term having expired. While he was still engaged in 
military duty here the Indians from several tribes joined in hostilities to prevent 
Captain Mullen opening a military road across the Rocky and Coeur d'Alene 
mountains to the Columbia river. Mr. Singleton was in Colonel Steptoe's com- 
mand, which met the allied tribes in the memorable engagement of Steptoe 
Butte, which was of several days' duration. The whites, being greatly outnum- 
bered, suffered a disastrous defeat and were driven back to the Snake river in 
great disorder. In this engagement Mr. Singleton had a very narrow escape 
from death. He became separated from his comrades in the retreat and after 
wandering around nearly all night came upon a band of friendly Nez Perce 
Indians, who conducted him to the Clearwater river, ferried him across and 



92 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

directed him to the camp of his company, who had reported to his wife that he 
had died. Colonel Wright soon came up from The Dalles with a thousand 
men, and being thus reenforced, the troops began an active campaign against 
the Indians. In a short time the American army had scattered, captured or 
killed the entire tribe. Some were hanged in the mountains but the most noted 
leaders were brought to Walla Walla, where seven of them were hanged in the 
public square in the rear of the garrison. During his service in Fort Walla 
Walla, Mr. Singleton did most of the work of keeping the records of the post, in 
the performance of which duty he was compelled to use an old-fashioned quill 
pen. 

Mrs. Singleton had purchased a squatter's right from Captain Pierce, and 
on Mr. .Singleton's discharge he retired to the homestead, which has been the 
place of residence of the family continuously since. It is said that the money 
which Captain Pierce obtained for his squatter's right enabled him to open the 
Orofino mining district, of which he was the first prospector. 

Mr. Singleton died at the old home on December 28, 1893, and there his 
widow and two daughters still reside. Mrs. Singleton is now in her ninetieth 
year but for some time past has been an invalid. To Mr. and Mrs. Singleton 
were born six children: Catherine, who is the widow of Thomas Tierney and 
resides in San Francisco; Frank E. ; William H., who is deceased; Elizabeth and 
Eudora M., who are at home; and Esther Belle, who gave her hand in marriage 
to J. W. Brooks, a prominent attorney of Walla Walla. 

Not only as one of the Indian fighters of the northwest but also as one of 
the progressive farmers of Walla Walla county did John Singleton leave the 
impress of his individuality upon the history of southeastern Washington. His 
worth as a man and as a citizen was widely acknowledged by all who knew him. 
There was no phase of pioneer life in this section of the country with which he 
was not familiar and he rejoiced in all that was accomplished in the way of 
introducing the evidences of modern civilization. His labors wrought good 
results and his name should be inscribed high upon the roll of those who have 
reclaimed this great region, making it a habitable and safe place in which civil- 
ization may be still further advanced. 



GARRIT ROMAINE. 



Garrit Romaine was for many years engaged in farming on a tract of three 
hundred and twenty acres of excellent land six miles north of Dayton, in Columbia 
county, and it was recognized that the county had lost a valued citizen when he 
was called to the home beyond. He was born in New York city, March 7, 182Q, 
a son of Benjamin and Charity (Hopper) Romaine, also natives of the eastern 
metropolis. Subsequently the family removed to New Jersey, and thence to 
Fond du Lac county, Wisconsin, where both parents passed away. All their 
eight children are also now deceased. 

Garrit Romaine was reared at home and obtained his education in the public 
schools of New York city. When twenty years old he went west to Wisconsin, 
where he remained for many years, or until 1877, when he removed to California. 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 95 

After remaining there for a sliort time he took up his residence in Harrisburg, 
Oregon, but in 1881 removed to Old Walla Walla county, Washington, locating 
in what is now Columbia county, on a farm six miles from Dayton. He at once 
began the improvement and development of his place, which he continued to 
operate until called by death. It comprises three hundred and twenty acres of 
good wheat land, and his industry and good management were rewarded by large 
crops, from the sale of which he derived a good income. 

Mr. Romaine was married in Wisconsin in 1852, to Miss Martha L. Har- 
baugh, by whom he had seven children: William B., deceased; John H., a 
farmer; Jerome W., now a resident of Bellingham, Washington; Franz Sigel, a 
farmer; Charity, who is the wife of Newton James, and has three children, Louis 
Homer, on the old farm, Lois, now Mrs. H. L. Gritman of Columbia county, 
and Frida Ellen, now the wife of A. W. Munford of Ironwood, Michigan; 
Freeman C, deceased; and Rachel, the wife of Henry James, of Dayton. 

Mr. Romaine gave his political allegiance to the republican party, and while 
not an office seeker was always keenly interested in everything affecting the 
general welfare. No project looking toward the advancement of his community 
failed to receive his heartiest support and cooperation, and he was particularly 
interested in the upbuilding of the local schools. Fraternally we was connected 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and took an active part in the work 
of the lodge. He passed away October 23, 1900, and was laid to rest in the 
Dayton cemetery, leaving to mourn his loss, besides his family, many warm 
friends. Mrs. Romaine resides with her daughter, Mrs. Newton James, and holds 
title to the homestead. She belongs to the Christian church and has exemplified 
its teachings in her daily life. 



CHARLES F. KIBLER. 



Charles F. Kibler, one of the prominent farmers and stockmen of Walla 
Walla township, is with his brothers operating forty-four hundred acres of 
fine land. He is a native son of Walla Walla county and has resided here 
throughout his entire life. He was born September 24, 1874, of the marriage 
of Jacob and Louise (Buroker) Kibler, natives respectively of Virginia and 
Iowa. The father removed to Missouri when a young man and in the early 
'50s made the long journey overland to California, where he resided for five 
years. In 1858 he came to Walla Walla, Washington, and for some time worked 
as a farm hand. He then took up land on Mill creek but for several years gave 
the greater part of his time and attention to freighting by ox team. Subse- 
quently, when the country became more thickly settled and there was not so 
much need for freighting supplies from a distant market town, he began the 
cultivation of his land. His farming operations yielded him a good profit and 
he acquired additional land, being at the time of his death the owner of fifteen 
hundred acres. He made excellent improvements upon his place and was one of 
the substantial men of the county. He passed away in igo8 and is survived 
by his wife, who has reached the age of sixty-six years. Five of the six chil- 
dren born to their union survive. 



96 OLD \\"ALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Charles F. Kibler passed the days of his boyhood and youth in Iiis native 
county and attended the district schools in the acquirement of his education. 
Through working for his father he received thorough training in the best meth- 
ods of farming and stock raising and on attaining his majority he began farm- 
ing on his own account. He and his brothers have added to their holdings 
from time to time and now own forty-four hundred acres of good land finely 
improved. They have systematized their work and conduct their ranch in the 
same careful manner that a business man manages his interests. Their progres- 
siveness and good judgment are manifested in the excellent return which they 
receive from their land and they have never had occasion to regret their choice 
of an occupation. 

Charles F. Kibler w-as married in 1898 to ]\Iiss Marie Clodius, a native of 
Illinois and a daughter of H. F. and Catherine Clodius, who removed to Walla 
Walla county in 1881 and are now residents of Waitsburg. Mr. and Mrs. 
Kibler have a son, Albert F., who was born October 21, 1900, and is still at 
home. 

Mr. Kibler casts his ballot in support of the men and measures of the dem- 
ocratic party but has never sought office as a reward for his loyalty. He is 
thoroughly imbued with the characteristic western spirit of enterprise and opti- 
mism, and any project for the benefit of his county or state receives his hearti- 
est approval and most energetic support. 



ALLEN H. REYNOLDS. 

.Allen H. Reynolds occupies an enviable position in professional and financial 
circles as a leading lawyer of Walla Walla and as the president of the Farmers 
.Savings Bank. He was born January 24, 1869, in the city where he still makes 
his home, his parents being Almos H. and Lettice J. (Clark) Reynolds, who are 
mentioned at length on another page of this work. He has spent his entire life in 
Walla Walla, acquiring his early education in a private school conducted by the 
Rev. P. B, Chamberlain. He afterward matriculated in Whitman College and 
thus laid broad and deep the foundation upon which to build the superstructure 
of professional learning. When his collegiate course was completed he decided 
upon the practice of law as a life work and then entered the law department of 
the Boston University, from which he was graduated with the class of 1893. 
Soon afterward he returned to his native city, where he opened an office and 
entered upon the practice of law, becoming associated with W. H. Kirkman. 
Some time later that partnership was dissolved and he joined his brother under 
the firm style of Reynolds Brothers, but in the spring of 1900 he entered into 
partnership with Andrew J. Gillis in a relationship that continued for some 
time. He is now a partner of Grant S. Bond, with offices at No. 6J/4 Main 
street. His success in a professional way affords the best evidence of his capabil- 
ities in this line. He is a strong advocate with the jury and concise in his 
appeals before the court. Much of the success which has attended him in his 
professional career is undoubtedly due to the fact that he prepares his cases 
with great thoroughness and must be convinced of the absolute justice of his 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 97 

client's cause. Aside from his activities in the profession of law, Mr. Reynolds 
is well known in banking circles, having served as vice president of the First 
National Bank of Walla Walla until November, 1913. At the present time he 
is president of the Farmers Savings Bank, having succeeded the late W. P. 
Winans, who had been president for twenty-eight years. 

On the 7th of November, 1894, Mr. Reynolds was married to Miss Fanny 
Kirkman, a daughter of William H. and Isabella Kirkman, well known resi- 
dents of this city, where Mrs. Reynolds was born. They have become parents of 
three children : William Allen, born November 19, 1895 ; Almos, born May 19, 
1898; and Ruth Sarah, born February 3, 1901. 

Mr. Reynolds is treasurer and one of the trustees of Whitman College and 
has been the president of the Young Alen's Christian Association since its organ- 
ization. There is no plan or movement for the benefit and upbuilding of the 
city in which he is not helpfully concerned, standing at all times for progress 
and improvement in municipal as well as in private affairs. 



HENRY OSTERMAN. 



Henry Osterman, a member of the firm of Osterman & Siebert, leading 
architects of Walla Walla, and one whose efforts along professional lines have 
found expression in the erection of some of the finest buildings not only in this 
city but elsewhere in the state, was born in Germany, about three miles from 
Essen, on the 20th of January, 1862, a son of William and Mary (Wusthoff) 
Osterman, both of whom spent their entire lives in Germany, where the father 
followed the occupations of farming and milling. 

Their son, Henry Osterman, was reared under the parental roof and acquired 
a college education in Essen, Germany. He served three years in the German 
army and after reaching his majority took up the study of architecture in Dussel- 
dorf, Germany. In May, 1889, he decided to try his fortune in the new world, 
hoping here to find excellent professional opportunities. He accordingly came 
to the United States and on the isth of June of that year he arrived in Walla 
^^'alla, Washington, where he has since made his home and practiced his pro- 
fession. Having little knowledge of the English language and of building con- 
ditions in this country, which he found somewhat different from those in his 
native land, he did not immediately apply himself to architectural work but be- 
came associated with building operations and for a time worked as a carpenter. 
Shortly afterward, however, he took up contracting and building on his own 
account and was prominently identified with building operations for eight years. 
In 1899 he began the practice of his profession, opening an architect's office in 
the old Baker-Boyer building. He associated with him in this undertaking Victor 
E. Siebert, who was a former employe of Mr. Osterman and had later gone to 
the east, where he was graduated from the Boston School of Technology in 1912. 
The following year he was admitted to a partnership, forming the present firm 
of Osterman & Siebert. Among the many buildings for which Mr. Osterman has 
drawn the plans and also superintended the erection are the courthouse, the city 
hall, the Young Men's Christian Association building, the high school building. 



98 OLD \VALLA WALLA COUNTY 

the Jefferson, the Green Park and the Sharpstein schools, the city hbrary and 
practically all the important business and office buildings in the city, together 
with many of the finer residences. All these stand as monuments to the enter- 
prise, the skill and the professional ability of Mr. Osterman, whose thorough 
preparatory training and subsequent study and experience have placed him in 
the front ranks among the architects of the northwest. 

In 1902 Mr. Osterman was united in marriage to Aliss Geneva Cooney, of 
Coon Rapids, Iowa, and to this marriage have been born five children, Bernard- 
ina, Henrietta, Hugo, Ruth and Betty. 

Mr. Osterman gives his political endorsement to the republican party. Frater- 
nally he is connected with Blue Mountain Lodge, No. 13, F. & A. M. ; Walla 
Walla Chapter, No. i, R. A. M.; Washington Commandery, No. i, K. T.; the 
Consistory of Spokane; and El Katif Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., also of Spo- 
kane, while both he and his wife are connected with the Order of the Eastern 
Star. He is also identified with Trinity Lodge, I. O. O. F., and both he and his 
wife are consistent members of the Congregational church, guiding their lives 
according to its teachings. Mr. Osterman has never had occasion to regret 
his determination to come to the new world, for here he has found the business 
opportunities which he sought and in their utilization has made steady progress. 
Not only does he rank with the, leading architects" of Washington, but is also a 
prominent figure in financial and. Gommetcial circles; He was one of the organ- 
izers of the Third National Bank, of which he is now a director, and he is also 
one of the organizers and a member tj^ihe board iof: directors of the Gardner 
Company, which owns and controls. Wa-Ha Wailla's largest mercantile establish- 
ment. His identification with these interests is the expression of his well di- 
rected energy and thrift, his close application and his persistency of purpose, 
ever guided by a laudable ambition. Step by step he has worked his way up- 
ward and his course should serve to inspire others who must start out in life 
empty-handed. The wise use which he has made of his time, his talents and 
his opportunities has placed him in the creditable position which he fills today 
in business and professional circles of Walla Walla. 



ALMOS H. REYNOLDS. 
LETTICE J. REYNOLDS. 

Almos H. Reynolds was for many years one of the prominent financiers of 
the northwest, becoming a factor in the establishment of the first banking busi- 
ness in Walla Walla and figuring for many years as one of the principal stock- 
holders of the First National Bank. He was born in Madrid, St. Lawrence 
county. New York, October 21, 1808, and in early life learned the millwright's 
trade. In 1838, when a man of thirty years, he removed westward to Illinois and 
subsequently became a resident of Iowa, where he remained until 1850. He 
then crossed the plains to California, attracted by the gold discoveries on the 
Pacific coast, and in May, 1859, he came to Walla Walla, where he resided until 
his demise, which occurred thirty years later, or on the 21st of April, 1889. He 



10720 




AI.MOS H. REYNOLDS 




MRS. LETTICE J. REYNOLDS 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 103 

was prominently identified with milling interests in this section, erecting many 
mills throughout the territory of Washington, two of them being in the imme- 
diate vicinity of Walla Walla. He also built and for several years owned a 
woolen mill at Dayton. He was associated with Dr. J. H. Day in establishing 
the first banking business in Walla Walla, opening a private banking institution, 
which they carried on under the firm style of Reynolds & Day. He was alert 
and energetic, constantly watchful of opportunities pointing to success. Even- 
tually be became one of the principal stockholders in the First National Bank and 
was largely instrumental in its organization. Mr. Reynolds was a man of keen 
insight which enabled him to readily recognize a favorable business situation and 
his laudable ambition prompted its immediate use. Whatever he undertook he 
carried forward to successful completion and the integrity of his business methods 
was above question. 

On the 23d of May, 1861, Mr. Reynolds was united in marriage to Mrs. 
Lettice J. (Millican) Clark, the widow of Ransom Clark, who first crossed the 
plains to Oregon with Dr. Whitman in 1843. She was born in Canehill, Arkansas, 
October 3, 1830, and received her education in her native town. In 1843 t^he 
family joined the Whitman train and after a journey of weary months reached 
Oregon. The following year the Millican family settled near the town of 
Lafayette, Yamhill county, and there in 1845 Lettice J. Millican became the wife 
of Ransom Clark. Following the death of her husband in 1859, she made the 
journey to Walla Walla in order to make arrangements for subsequently taking 
up her home upon the farm which Mr. Clark had taken up and which was known 
for many years as the Ransom Clark donation claim. She was given a place in 
the government wagon from Wallula to Walla Walla arid her first night in the 
latter place was spent in the fort. The following morning she was driven out 
to her claim and remained there for two weeks. She then returned to Portland 
and, after the birth of her daughter the following summer, she took up her per- 
manent home on the claim in Walla Walla county. Soon after doing so she 
received a letter from her Portland lawyer advising her to sell her claim for 
two hundred and seventy-five dollars and abandon the idea of developing it. 
However, she disregarded this advice and continued to reside upon the farm 
with her children. On the 23d of May, 1861, she married Almos H. Reynolds. 
She was the earliest pioneer woman residing in Walla Walla county and the fact 
that she had been privileged to witness more of the growth of the northwest 
than others seemed to give her an added interest in everything pertaining to the 
public welfare. She contributed much to the upbuilding of the various institu- 
tions of the city and by reason of her force of character and her many liberal 
and well advised benefactions she was recognized as a most prominent citizen 
of Walla Walla. The erection of the Young Men's Christian Association build- 
ing was made possible by a twenty thousand dollar donation from her and after 
its completion she was one of the chief contributors toward its upkeep. At the 
rally and jubilee held when the association had raised the forty-five thousand 
dollars necessary to pay oflf its debt, the speech that she made expressing her 
great joy in the knowledge that the association was free of all debt will long 
be remembered by all who heard her. She was also a loyal friend and patron 
of Whitman College, contributing generously at various times to the support of 

the institution and paying off a debt of six thousand dollars on the girls' dor- 
voi. n — 5 



104 Or,D WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

mitory, which is named in her honor Reynolds HalL She was a woman of the 
highest ideals and also had the keenness of intellect and strength of character to 
realize her ideals, and the memory of Lettice J. Reynolds will long be held in 
honor in Walla Walla. 

To the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Almos H. Reynolds were born two sons: 
Harry A., who was born October 14, 1863; and Allen H., who was born January 
24. 1869. 



JOHN R. GOSE, M. D. 



It is believed that few men possess the ability to attain success along both 
professional and agricultural hues, but Dr. John R. Gose, living on section 33. 
township 8 north, range 37 east, in Walla Walla county, has made a creditable 
name in both connections. He was born in Missouri, November 16, 1861, and is a 
son of John M. and Hannah J. (McQuown) Gose, the former a native of Ken- 
tucky, while the latter was born in Virginia. In 1864 they removed westward, 
settling at Boise, Idaho, where they spent the winter, and in the following spring 
they arrived in Walla Walla county, Washington, taking up their abode upon a 
ranch, where they are still living. They are one of the most venerable couples 
of the county, the fatiier having attained the age of ninety-one years, while his 
wife is eighty-five years of age. In their family were seven children, of whom 
three are living. 

Dr. Gose was not yet four years of age when his parents crossed the plains, 
so that he was reared upon the western frontier. He pursued his education in 
the schools of Walla Walla county and after having completed his preliminan,' 
course he detemiined to enter upon the practice of medicine and with that end 
in view returned to the east, matriculating in Jefferson Medical College of Phila- 
delphia, from which in due course of time he was graduated. He then returned 
to Washington to engage in the practive of his profession, which he followed 
in Pomeroy, Garfield county, for fourteen years and also in the city of Walla 
Walla for three years. Lie then withdrew from the active practice of his pro- 
fession, in which he had won substantial success and made for himself a most 
creditable name. Removing to a ranch near Dixie, he has since devoted his time 
and energies to general agricultural pursuits and has proved most capable in the 
management and conduct of his farming interests. 

In 1889 Dr. Gose was united in marriage to Miss Minnie S. Aldrich, a repre- 
sentative of one of the old pioneer families of this section of the state. She was 
l)orn ii])on the farm where she now resides and is a daughter of Newton and Anna 
M. (Shoemaker) Aldrich. Her father was a native of the state of New ^'ork, 
while her mother was born in Iowa. ATr, Aldrich came to Washington in 1861 
;ind was here married to Miss Shoemaker, who had crossed the plains in 1864. 
They took up their abode upon the farm which is now occupied by Dr. and Mrs. 
Gose and upon that place they spent their remaining days. At the lime of his 
death Mr. Aldrich owned seven hundred and twenty acres of land, of which Mrs. 
Gose inherited three hundred and sixty acres. He had gained a most substantial 
place among the agriculturists of this section of the state and his genuine per- 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 105 

sonal worth had endeared him to all with whom he came in contact. To him and 
his wife were born three children: Mrs. Gose; Ida, who has departed this life; 
and Clara E., who is the wife of G. L. Bailey. 

To Dr. and Mrs. Gose have been born five children : Roberta L., who is a 
college graduate; Kenneth A., who is living upon the home ranch; Carl, who has 
passed away; Anna M., who is a high school graduate; and John Newton, who is 
now attending high school. Dr. Gose belongs to the Modern Woodmen camp in 
Dixie. His political allegiance is given to the republican party and while he was 
a resident of Pomeroy he served for two terms as mayor of that city. Mrs. Gose 
belongs to the Congregational church, in the work of which she takes an active and 
helpful part. They are very prominent people in this section of the state and 
the hospitality of the best homes is freely accorded them. They have a circle 
of friends almost coextensive with the circle of their acquaintance and they 
are both representatives of worthy pioneer families of the northwest, having re- 
sided in this section of the country for more than half a century. They have 
therefore witnessed the greater part of the growth and development of Walla 
Walla county, have seen tiny hamlets grow into prosperous cities, wild land con- 
verted into productive farms and all the natural resources of the country utilized 
for the benefit of man. Their aid and influence are always given on the side of 
progress and improvement and they advocate as well all those high standards 
which work for civic betterment. 



CHARLES E. NYE. 



Charles E. Nye, who is engaged in the harness and saddlery business in Walla 
Walla, winning for himself a creditable position in commercial circles, was born 
in Germany on the 3d of June, 1848, his parents being John N. and Elizabeth 
(Baker) Nye. They came to the United States in 1853, when he was a little lad 
of but five years, the family home being established in Marietta, Ohio, where the 
parents resided until they were called to their final rest, the father following 
the occupation of farming as a life work. 

Charles E. Nye was reared to manhood on the old homestead farm and early 
became familiar with the work of the fields, to which he directed his attention dur- 
ing the summer months, while in the winter seasons he attended the common 
schools of the neighborhood. When his textbooks were put aside he found 
employment in a harness and saddlery shop at Marietta, Ohio, where he served a 
regular apprenticeship, and at the age of twenty-one years he started for the 
west, following the advice of Horace Greeley. He worked as a journeyman at 
his trade in Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, California and Oregon, thus 
working his way westward by successive stages until he reached the Pacific coast. 
In Oregon he was for a time engaged in business on his own account, conducting 
a harness and saddlery establishment at The Dalles. In 1878 he was in Walla 
Walla but did not locate permanently until 1883, at which time he engaged in 
business independently here and for the past thirty-five years he has been a dom- 
inant factor in the trade circles of the city. In all of his commercial relations 



106 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

he has been actuated by a progressive spirit and the excellence of the goods which 
he handles and the work he turns out has insured him a liberal patronage. 

In 1S90 Mr. Nye was married to Miss Tennie Brown, of Walla Walla. Air. 
Nye is well known and popular in fraternal circles, holding membership in Blue 
Mountain Lodge, No. 13, F. & A. M.; Walla Walla Lodge, No. 287, B. P. O. E. ; 
and Columbia Lodge, No. 90, K. P. He is also a member of the Walla Walla 
Commercial Club and cooperates in all of its plans and measures for the upbuild- 
ing of the city and the extension of its trade relations. His political allegiance 
is given the republican party, which he has supported since reaching adult age. 
His long residence in Walla Walla has made him largely familiar with its history 
and with its commercial development he has been closely and prominently asso- 
ciated. Those who know him, and he has a wide acquaintance, speak of him in 
terms of high regard, for he has been found thoroughly reliable in business ; 
loyal and patriotic in citizenship and faithful in friendship. His life work has 
been intelligently directed and he has always continued in the line in which he 
embarked as a young tradesman, never dissipating his energies over a broad field 
but so concentrating his efforts and attention that substantial results have accrued. 



W. D. LYMAN. 



W. D. Lyman, author of this history, is a "native son of the Golden West," 
having been born at Portland, Oregon, on December i, 1852. His father and 
mother, Horace Lyman and Mary Denison Lyman, came to California around 
Cape Horn, in a sailing ship from New York, in 1848-9. After a few months 
in California in the midst of the excitements of the gold discoveries they re- 
moved to Portland, then a straggling village on the edge of the dense forest 
which bordered the Willamette river. It is recalled by the children of the family 
that their mother told them about how in those early days she had heard the 
cries of the wolves and cougars in about the location of the present Portland 
Hotel and other stately structures of the present city. 

As a boy Professor Lyman went with his parents to Dallas in Polk county, 
Oregon, and then to Forest Grove, Oregon, where his father was for a number 
of years a professor of mathematics, and later of history and rhetoric, in Pacific 
University, a pioneer college of those early days. Brought up in those pioneer 
surroundings, in the midst of the unconventional life and the sublime scenery 
of his native state, he received a permanent impress which has led him through- 
out his life to find his greatest interest in travel, mountain-climbing, investigation 
of the native and pioneer life of Old Oregon, and in writing and lecturing upon 
themes drawn from those early experiences. The old Oregon of Professor 
Lyman's boyhood was typically American — free, unconventional and sincere, 
and the wilderness about and the stimulus to adventure and enterprise implanted 
in the minds and spirits of the boys and girls of that pioneer region, as it has 
throughout the great west, is a certain union of the romantic and imaginative 
with the practical which has resulted in placing the Pacific states in the forefront 
of American communities. 

Having completed a short college course at Pacific University in 1873, the 




VV.T^ . <^'vwa/yx , cA . JiLj ^ t, /). 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 109 

young man, after a few months spent in teaching, went east and in 1877 gradu- 
ated at Williams College, Massachusetts. While there he was known for his 
interest in debating, oratory and literature, as well as for his informal and inde- 
pendent western way of considering political, social and religious topics. Upon 
returning to Oregon in the fall of 1877, he entered upon what proved to be his 
life work, that of a college teacher, writer and public speaker. He became pro- 
fessor of history, oratory, and English literature at Paciiic University, where he 
continued until 1886. During that period he laid the foundations of his subse- 
quent literary career by spending his summer vacations in mountain journeys 
and explorations of the rivers and wildernesses of the northwest and in embody- 
ing the results of his adventures in articles which appeared in various news- 
papers and magazines, east and west. During this time he became a skillful 
amateur photographer and has acquired a large collection of views, many of 
which were the first to be taken of some of the wild scenes which he might be 
considered the first to make known to the world. 

During that period of his life the very important event of marriage occurred. 
Li 1882 Professor Lyman was united in marriage to Miss Mattie Clark of Van- 
couver, Washington. Mrs. Lyman has become known in Walla Walla and 
throughout the region about as one of the leaders in social, intellectual and 
philanthropic life. Four children have been born to Professor and Mrs. Lyman, 
two sons and two daughters. The oldest, Hubert, bora' in-iSS^^ js now engaged 
in business in the Philippine islands. The second, Marjoriej' bonii -in jSS^, ig the 
wife of Ridgway Gillis, a state highway engineer in charge'dJ^.arJ i.trjport^nt: sec- 
tion of the Pacific highway, with present residence at Kalaijo^,.. Washington. ; The 
third, Willena, born in 1889, is living with her parent£,ll^_ ■-• 

The fourth, Harold, is now engaged with the Walla Walla"Blrttetin,-.. 

Professor Lyman severed his connection with Pacific University in 1886, and 
for nearly three years was engaged mainly in literary work. During that period 
he spent some time at Fresno, California, endeavoring to start a raisin ranch. 
He was for a time at Santa Fe, New Mexico. In 1889 he became head of the 
department of history at Whitman College, Walla Walla. He has been thus 
engaged continuously to the present, with the exception of the year 1891, when 
he was in Spokane. During these twenty-nine years he has seen Whitman Col- 
lege grow from a struggling frontier institution, largely of a preparatory grade, 
to a well equipped college supported by a good endowment and by a loyal body 
of enthusiastic alumni, among whom may be reckoned some of the foremost 
men and women of the northwest. 

During his long residence in Walla Walla, Professor Lyman has been in 
frequent demand as a speaker and lecturer on many pulpits and platforms 
throughout the three northwest states, and has thus come to have a very exten- 
sive acquaintance. He has been active in political life and has been a candidate, 
though an unsuccessful one, as a democrat, for the national congress. Brought 
up as a republican during the Civil war and reconstruction periods, he became a 
liberal in political views and finally a democrat. As an ardent supporter of 
Woodrow Wilson for both of his terms, he labored with voice atid pen for the 
election of that statesman whom he regards as in the same class with Washing- 
ton, Jefl^erson and Lincoln. 

During all his active life a member of the Congregational church. Professor 



110 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Lyman has become known among his students and friends as very hberal in 
rehgious views and has associates among all faiths. He has been active in all 
forms of municipal betterment, in the prohibition and woman suffrage causes, 
and since the opening of the great war has made many addresses and written 
articles of a patriotic character. He firmly believes that it is the God-given 
mission of the United States to "make the world safe for democracy.'' 

While living in Walla Walla, Professor Lyman has continued his practice of 
mountaineering. He has been a member of both the Mazama and Mountaineers' 
Clubs, and in the course of his life has made nine ascensions of the great snow- 
capped volcanoes of the Cascade range and four of the Olympics, besides many 
lesser peaks. He has traveled almost the entire length of the Columbia river and 
many miles of the Snake and other tributaries. The results of these journeys he 
embodied in what he regards as the most highly literary and artistic of his 
various books. The Columbia River, published in 1909 by G. P. Putnam's Sons 
and now entering upon its third edition. 

Professor Lyman has become something of a specialist in local history. He 
was one of the principal writers of The History of the Pacific Northwest in 1889. 
In 1901 his history of Walla Walla county appeared. In 1906 he wrote the 
narrative part of a history of Skagit and Snohomish counties. Having witnessed 
with his own eyes most of the remarkable development of this section and hav- 
ing partaken of the social, industrial and political life of the section in which 
he lives, he has been able to write sympathetically of the struggles and the 
triumphs of the pioneers. As a side issue in his life. Professor Lyman has been 
much interested in waterway transportation. He has been for many years 
director of the Rivers and Harbors Congress for the state of Washington and 
has seen many improvements in waterways as a result of the labors of that or- 
ganization. Opposed on principle to monopoly and special privilege, he has 
deemed waterways and water power as among the great agencies for preserving 
the freedom of the people. 



HOWARD E. BARR. 



That Lloward E. Barr enjoys in unusual measure the confidence and respect 
of his fellow townsmen is indicated in the fact that he is now serving as mayor of 
Dayton, a position to which he was called by popular vote and in which he is 
discharging his duties with marked capability and fidelity. He was bom in 
Tennessee, March 18, 1876, a son of Hugh and Emeline (Parker) Barr, who were 
also natives of Tennessee, in which state the death of the mother occurred. The 
father afterward removed to Texas, where he is still li\ ing. In their family were 
four children, all of whom survive. 

Howard E. Barr was but seven years of age at the time of the removal of the 
family to the Lone Star state and there he was reared and educated, supplementing 
his public school training by a course in a college. He was a man of thirty-one 
years when in 1907 he arrived in Dayton, Washington, where he has since made 
his home, covering a period of a decade. He here established a barber .shop and 
is still engaged in the business. In community affairs he has taken a helpful inter- 
est and on the citizens' ticket he was elected in 1916 to the office of mayor of 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 111 

Dayton, in which capacity he is now serving. He has closely studied the needs of 
the city, its opportunities and the possibilities for improvement and is giving to 
tiic city a businesslike and progressive administration. 

In 1909 Mr. Barr was united in marriage to Miss Maud Babb, a native of 
Te.xas, and to them has been bom a daughter, Geneva R., whose birth occurred 
July 4, 1912. The family occupies an attractive home in Dayton, where Mr. Barr 
owns two residences. Mrs. Barr is a member of the Christian church and in 
his fraternal relations Mr. Barr is an Odd Fellow and a Knight of Pythias, in 
both of which lodges he has filled all the chairs, showing his high standing 
among his brethren of the two fraternities. He is a man of genuine worth, 
alert, energetic and progressive not only in his business connections but also 
as a public official. He stands for whatever he believes to be best for the com- 
munity and Dayton has benefited by his administration of her affairs. 



ARTHUR H. HALLE. 



Arthur H. Halle is prominently connected with hotel ownership and man- 
agement in the northwest. He is well known as a progressive business man 
of Walla Walla and before coming to this city was closely associated with hotel 
interests in various sections of the country. He is, however, a native of Ger- 
many, his birth having occurred in Leipzig on the 19th of April, 1877. His 
father, Paul Halle, lived and died in that country, where he was engaged during 
his active business career as a traveling salesman. His wife, who bore the maiden 
name of Laura Muenzner, still resides in Germany. 

Arthur H. Halle is one of a family of four children and is the only one resid- 
ing in America. He pursued his education in the schools of Germany and came 
to the United States in 1897, when a young man of twenty years. He first made 
his way to New York and afterward to Chicago, where he was employed in the 
Grand Pacific Hotel for ten years. Later he removed to Lewiston, Montana, 
and was afterward located at different periods in Miles City, Billings and Mis- 
soula, Montana. He then came to the "garden spot of the northwest," arriving 
in Walla Walla in 191 1. Here he established the Grand Hotel, after which he 
returned to Missoula to look after his hotel interests in that city. Three years 
later he again came to Walla Walla to take up his permanent abode. He is 
associated with Charles Mullemer and J. S. Rick in the ownership of the hotel 
at Missoula and of the Grand in Walla Walla, the latter being one of the finest 
hostleries of this city. The Palace at Missoula is of equal rank and both are 
liberally patronized because of the excellent service rendered to the public. Mr. 
Halle and his associates maintain the highest standards in hotel management 
and conduct and displayed something of the spirit of the pioneer in that they have 
initiated new methods which add to the success of their business and to the 
comfort of their guests. 

In Chicago, in 1901, Mr. Halle was united in marriage to Miss Alice Rick, 
who was born in that city, a daughter of J. S. Rick, who is yet living, while her 
mother has passed away. Mr. and Mrs. Halle have become the parents of two 
children, Laura and Dorothy. In the social circles of Walla Walla Mr. and 



112 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Mrs. Halle are widely and favorably known, the hospitality of the best homes 
being freely accorded them. 

Mr. Halle has made steady progress since coming to the United States, 
advancing step by step in the business world, and his enterprise and persever- 
ance have made him one of the successful hotel men of the northwest. His 
membership relations include connection with the Lutheran church, the Elks 
and the Commercial Club. 



WILLIAM CHARLES PAINTER. 

The days of chivalry and knighthood in Europe cannot furnish more inter- 
esting or romantic tales than our own western history. Into the wild mountain 
fastnesses of the unexplored west went brave men whose courage was often called 
forth in encounters with hostile savages. The land was rich in all natural re- 
sources, in metals, in agricultural and commercial possibilities, and awaited the 
demands of man to yield up its treasures. But its mountain heights were hard to 
climb, its forests difficult to penetrate and the magnificent trees, the dense bushes 
or jagged rocks often sheltered the skulking foe, who resented the encroachment 
of the pale faces upon these "hunting grounds-." The establishment of homes in 
this beautiful region therefore meant sacrifices, hardships and ofttimes death, but 
there were some men, however, brave enough to meet the red man in his own 
familiar haunts and undertake the task of reclaiming the district for purposes of 
civilization. The rich mineral stores of the northwest were thus added to the 
wealth of the nation, its magnificent forests contributed to the lumber industry 
and its fertile valleys added to the opportunities of the farmer and stock raiser; and 
today the northwest is one of the most productive sections of the entire country. 
That this is so is due to such men as William Charles Painter, whose name is in- 
separably interwoven with the history of the region. No story of fiction contains 
more exciting chapters than may be found in his life record. He was one of the 
most prominent of those who engaged in Indian warfare and for many years he 
was also a leading figure in the agricultural development of this section of the 
state. Walla Walla numbered him among her most honored and valued citizens 
and his death was the occasion of deep and widespread regret. 

William C. Painter was born in St. Genevieve, Missouri, April i8, 1830, 
and there the earliest years of his life were passed. His paternal ancestors came 
from Mercer county, Pennsylvania. Llis mother, who bore the maiden name of 
Jean Moore, was a daughter of Major Robert Moore, a veteran of the War of 
1812 and well known in connection with the early history of Oregon. In 1850 
the father with his family started for Oregon, but when the Little r.Iue river 
was reached the father and two of the sons died of cholera. The mother and the 
surviving children continued the journey westward with sore hearts but with un- 
daunted courage and finally reached Washington county, Oregon, where donation 
land claims were .secured. 

There William C. Painter resided until 1863 and was prominently identified 
with the early development of that section. At the time of the Indian war of 
1855 he was one of the first to enlist, becoming a member of Company D, First 




WILLIAM C. PAINTER 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 115 

Oregon Mounted Volunteers, which command fought the Indians for four 
days near Walla Walla, finally routing the red men, who retreated to the Palouse 
country. In this and many other engagements of the Indian war Mr. Painter dis- 
tinguished himself for bravery. He remained with his company until the close 'of 
hostilities. In 1855 certain young ladies of the Forest Grove Academy, now the 
Tualitin Academy and the Pacific University, presented the company with a flag. 
Mr. Painter's comrades in arms voted that he should become its bearer and 
the starry banner finally came into his exclusive possession and is still carefully 
preserved in the Painter household as a priceless relic. Upon its field there are 
but twenty-one stars and on the flag, inscribed in large letters, are the words, 
"Co. D, First Oregon Vol., 1855-6." In the war against the Bannock and Piute 
Indians in 1878, Mr. Painter again engaged in fighting the red men. He was 
appointed by Governor Ferry captain of a company of forty-two men and was 
assigned to duty on the gunboat Spokane under command of Major Cress of 
the regular army. The first engagement in which he participated was at Long 
Island in the Columbia river below Umatilla, in which the whites were successful. 
Major Cress, in a letter to Mr. Painter written from Jeft'erson Barracks, Missouri, 
under date of April 15, 1897, speaks very highly of the assistance which the latter 
rendered. After this engagement, in recognition of his valuable service, he was 
made aid-de-camp on the stafl^ of Governor Ferry, with the rank of lieutenant colo- 
nel, and was placed in command of forty-two men. He was then sent to eastern 
Oregon to assist in defending the people against the Indians who had recently 
been defeated by General O. O. Howard. He passed south of the retreating 
bands to Camas Prairie with a view of intercepting the retreat.' The hostile sav- 
ages, learning of his position, by a circuitous route passed around: him and es- 
caped, but he captured enough horses to pay the entire expenses of his com- 
mand. Although no battle was fought in that campaigOj^ it was considered so 
hazardous that an ofi^er of ten dollars per day for guides was not sufficient to cause 
anyone to accept and run the risk. In his official report. General O. O. Howard, 
quoting Captain John A. Cress, said: "Captain William C. Painter and the forty- 
two volunteers from Walla Walla deserve praise for good conduct and bravery, 
not excepting my Vancouver regiment and Captain Gray, with officers and crew 
of the steamer Spokane, who stood firmly at their posts under fire." 

When the country no longer needed his military aid Captain Painter became 
a clerk for Flanders & Felton of Wallula, and when the senior member was elected 
to congress in 1867, Captain Painter took charge of the business. He also became 
postmaster of Wallula and the agent for the Wells Fargo Express Company. 
Returning to Walla Walla, he was appointed deputy collector of internal revenue 
for eastern Washington and in November, 1870, he resigned that position, al- 
though his resignation was not accepted until the following May. After retiring 
from office he made some unfortunate mill investments, in which he lost every- 
thing that he had saved. With courageous spirit, however, he again became a 
wage earner and was thus employed until 1876, when he was appointed receiver 
of the United States land office and occupied that position in most satisfactory 
manner until 1878, when he was elected county auditor. He served for four con- 
secutive terms in that position and the Waitsburg Times of March 11, 1887, in 
speaking of him at his retirement from office, designated him as "the best auditor 
Walla Walla county ever had." He ever regarded a public office as a public 



116 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

trust and it is well known that no trust reposed in Captain Painter was ever 
betrayed in the slightest degree. LTpon his retirement from the position of county 
auditor he concentrated his attention on farming, having fifteen hundred acres in 
the Eureka flats. While thus engaged he still occupied the old home on South 
Third street in Walla Walla, where the family still reside. He was thus extensivly 
engaged in general agricultural pursuits and continued his farming operations 
until about two years prior to his death. 

On the 7th of January, 1864, Captain Painter was married to Miss Caroline 
Mitchell, the only daughter of Judge L Mitchell, of Multnomah county, Oregon, 
and their children are: T^hilii) M., a resident of Walla Walla county; Charles S., 
of Montana; Maude M., the wife of Garrett D'Ablaing of EUensburg; Harry M., 
a Congregational minister of Seattle; Bonnie Jean, the wife of R. F. MacLane of 
Walla Walla ; Marguerite M., the wife of Herbert Gall of Sascatoon, Canada ; 
Roy R., deceased; Rex M., of Walla Walla county; Caroline M., the wife of H. 
J. Wolff of Seattle; and Bruce L, of San Francisco. The family circle was 
broken by the hand of death when on the 4th of December, 1900, Captain Painter 
died of paralysis. For some time he was a vestrj'man of the Episcopal church 
which the family attend. His political allegiance had always been given to the 
republican party from the time of its organization and he was a most faithful 
follower of its principles. It is said that at every demonstration of a patriotic 
nature Captain Painter was called upon to take his place among the leaders, 
with his battle-scarred Indian war flag. His ])atriotic sentiments led him to 
take a prominent part in the Pioneer Association of Oregon and he always made 
a special effort to be present at its meetings. He was also active among the 
Indian War Veterans and was the first grand commander of the organization. 
For years he belonged to the Ancient Order of United Workmen. He gave 
devoted loyalty to every cause which he espoused and his is a most notable and 
honorable record of a pioneer, a valiant soldier and one of nature's noblemen. 



WILLIS E. L. FORD. 



No history of the pioneer development of Walla Walla county and of the 
vast west would be complete without extendetl reference to the Ford family, for 
Willis E. L. I'ord and his father have been particularly active in advancing develop- 
ment along those lines which have meant much to the upbuilding and progress of 
this section. He was born near Oregon City, Oregon, November 29, 1855, ^ son of 
Nineveh and Martha Jane (Simpson) Ford. The father was a native of North 
Carolina, while the mother's birth occurred in Missouri. He crossed the plains 
in 1843 with Marcus Whitman, making the journey with ox teams, and he built 
the first tannery in Oregon City and in fact in that entire section of the country. 
He continued its oi)eration for several years and also conducted a shoe store 
there. In 1848 he was one of the volunteers who enlisted for service against the 
Indians and traveled all over this section of the country in pursuit of the red men. 
It was at this time that the massacre of the white people at W^alla Walla occurred. 
All that the soldiers had to eat for thirty days was the meat of a cayuse pony with- 
out salt. His travels over this section of the ciiuntrv brought to Nineveh Ford a 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 117 

good knowledge of the land and its possibilities and in 1859 he removed with his 
family to the Walla Walla valley, settling upon a farm upon which he resided to the 
time of his death. It was a wild tract of land when it came into his possession 
but with characteristic energy he began to break the sod and till the fields. 
His wife was the first white woman in the valley outside of the garrison. Mr. 
Ford built a log cabin with puncheon floor and doors and stick chimney and in 
true pioneer style began his life in Oregon territory. The latchstring of his cabin 
always hung out, assuring the traveler of a hearty welcome, and the stranger 
was always free to partake of whatever the table afforded. He worked diligently 
and persistently in the cultivation of his land and, in the course of time his fields 
brought forth abundant harvests and his once wild tract was converted into a 
valuable farm. Moreover, he was one of the recognized leaders of the democratic 
party in this section of the state. He gave to that party his stalwart support, never 
faltering in his allegiance thereto, and twice he was called upon to represent his 
district in the state legislature while a resident of Oregon. Fraternally he was 
connected with the Masons and in his life exemplified the beneficent spirit of the 
craft, for he was continually extending a helping hand where aid was needed. 

Willis E. L. Ford was one of a family of eleven children, seven of whom are 
now living. He shared with the family in all of the hardships and privations inci- 
dent to frontier life. Such a life develops a self-reliance and force of character 
which count for much in the later struggle for existence and business suprem- 
acy. He supplemented his early education by study in the seminary in Walla 
Walla and afterward settled upon a farm in Whitman county, taking up his 
abode there in 1877. For thirty-five years he lived upon that place, ranking with 
the leading and representative agriculturists of that section of the state. When 
more than a third of a century had been passed there he sold his property and 
in a considerable measure retired from active business life. He purchased a 
farm of twenty-four acres in College Place and has since lived there, giving his 
attention to the raising of fruit and also to the conduct of a dairy business. His 
interests are carefully managed and are bringing to him a substantial measure of 
success. 

In 1886 Mr. Ford was united in marriage to Miss Rhoda A. Andross, who was 
born in Minnesota, a daughter of William H. and Sophronia (Winigar) Andross, 
the former a native of England, while the latter was born in the state of New 
York. They removed westward on leaving Minnesota and became residents of 
the Walla Walla valley, where both the father and mother passed away. Mr. and 
Mrs. Ford have become the parents of six children: Grace, who is now a nurse 
in Los Angeles, California; Frank, also living in California; Edna, who was a 
college graduate and taught school for one week, after which she was killed by 
an electric car in Spokane, Washington ; Orley, who is a missionary in South 
America; and John and Orpha, both of whom are at home. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ford hold membership with the Seventh Day Adventist church 
and take an active part in its work, doing all in their power to advance its growth 
and extend its influence. In politics Mr. Ford maintains a liberal course, not car- 
ing to bind himself by party lines. He served on the school board for several 
years and has ever been a champion of the cause of public education. There are 
few residents of Walla Walla county more familiar with the story of pioneer life 
and conditions in this section of the state than he. He was only four years of age 



118 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

when brought to Walla A\'alla county. In 1877 he served as a volunteer in the 
Indian war and had his horse killed by his side. He thoroughly understands the 
red man, his nature and his problems. He has lived to see this section of the 
country no longer under the dominion of the savage and has witnessed its 
transformation as the work of modern day progress and improvement has been 
carried forward, whereby the natural resources of the country have been utilized 
and its wealth and progress thus greatly enhanced. The name of Ford figures 
prominently in connection with the history of the Inland Empire and Willis E. L. 
I'ord indeed deserves mention among the honored pioneers. 



CHARLES PLUCKER. 



Charles Plucker was one of the honored citizens of the Walla Walla valley. 
Lie attained the age of eighty-two years but at the time of his death was still 
giving personal direction to his extensive and important farming interests. His 
life experiences were varied and promirfently connected him with the upbuilding 
and development of this section of the country. He was born in Germany, 
November 9, 1835, and was a son of Carl and Mary Plucker, who were also 
natives of that country, where they spent their entire lives. They had a family 
of eight children, four of whom are now living. 

Charles Plucker, whose name introduces this review, was reared and educated 
in Germany, spending the first seventeen years of his life in that country. He then 
determined to try his fortune in the new world and become a resident of .\merica. 
In 1854, therefore, he made the voyage across the Atlantic and for two years 
remained a resident of New York. In 1856 he enlisted at the age of nineteen 
years in the army of his adopted land and was located on Governors island. In 
1857 he went to Fort .Sinicoe as a soldier and was on active military duty there for 
five years. He was later sent to Fort Colwell and in 1861 he received an 
honorable discharge, having for five years rendered active aid to the United 
States government in its efforts to protect American interests and the lives and 
property of the people upon the northwestern frontier. 

Mr. Plucker was then honorably discharged and came to Walla Walla, where 
he opened a paint shop. He continued in active business in that city for fourteen 
years and in 1875 he turned his attention to general agricultural interests, pur- 
chasing a farm on the Touchet river on section 14, township 8 north, range 33 
east. He continued to reside upon that jsroperty until his death, being the owner 
of ten hundred and eighty acres of rich and valuable land which he greatly im- 
proved, adding thereto many commodious and substantial modern buildings and 
all the accessories and conveniences of the highly improved farm of the present 
day. Few men of his years remain in such active connection with business 
affairs as did Mr. Plucker. He was, however, a well preserved man physically 
and mentally and seemed much younger than the record indicated. 

On the /th of October, 1868, Mr. Plucker was united in marriage to Miss 
Katherine A. Hauer, also a native of Germany, who came to the United States 
in 1868. She is a daughter of Christian and Augusta (Liider) Hauer, who were 
born, reared and married in Schleswisr-Holstein. The father, who was a hatter bv 




IvIR.AND MRS _ OH/VRLES PUUCKER 



f-L- Mt'W ^O'^'^ ^ 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 



„ 1 5r>)Cy«. 



,T11.P 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 121 

trade, died there August 6, 1866. In 1880 the mother came to America with a 
nephew and her daughter, Mrs. Frederika Roehl Behl, who located in San 
Francisco. After spending a few months in that city Mrs. Hauer came to 
Washington to make her home with another daughter, Mrs. Charles Plucker, 
and here she passed away April 29, 1881, at the age of eighty years. She was 
the mother of six children, all of whom are now deceased with the exception of 
Mrs. Plucker. Five children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Plucker, namely: 
Frederick and Charles, now deceased ; W. H., who died at the age of forty-five 
years ; Magdalena, the wife of Peter Conrad ; and F. C, at home with his mother. 
After a useful and well spent life Mr. Plucker passed away on the 30th of 
October, 1917. In his political views he was a democrat, supporting the party 
from the time he became a naturalized American citizen. He served on the 
school board but did not seek office, preferring to concentrate his efforts and 
attention upon his business affairs. He especially deserves mention among the 
self-made men of the state, for he started out in life empty-handed and all that 
he possessed was acquired through his persistent, earnest and honorable effort. 
The family is one of prominence here and has been widely and favorably known 
in the valley since early days. 



A. F. ANDERSON. 



A. F. Anderson is a retired farmer living in. F'r.escptt. He has been closely 
identified with agricultural interests and is stJU the ow.jaer'oT' yalttable farming 
property, from which he derives a gratifying mcOvAe; "but at the present time he 
is largely leaving the management and operation of his land to othfers, for he is 
enjoying a rest which he has truly earned arid richly deserves. He was bom 
in Sweden, September 23, 1844, and was there reafed •'sn4 edUeated, spending 
the period of his boyhood and youth in that country. He was also married in 
his native land and in 1869, when a young man of twenty-five years, he crossed 
the Atlantic to the new world, making his way first to Kansas, where he resided 
for about twelve years, or until 1881. He then came to the northwest with 
Washington as his destination and was section foreman in this state for fifteen 
years. He also took up a homestead of one hundred and sixty acres and later 
he purchased one hundred and sixty acres more. His half section is all wheat 
land and has been brought under a high state of cultivation, large crops being 
annually gathered. Excellent improvements have been placed upon his farm 
and there is no accessory or convenience of the model farm property that is not 
found there. He owns a fine residence in Prescott and his surroundings are 
indicative of his life of well directed energy and thrift. 

In 1869 Mr. Anderson was united in marriage to Miss Mary Carlson, a 
native of Sweden, and they have become parents of eight children: Hilma; 
Augusta ; Charles, who is now deputy sheriff at Wallula ; Wilhelmina ; Ada ; 
Edith ; Harry ; and Genevieve. 

Mr. and Mrs. Anderson are well known residents of Prescott. His political 
allegiance is given to the republican party and he has served as justice of the 
peace and as school director, while at the present time he is one of the aldermen 



122 OLD WAU.A WALLA COUNTY 

of the city. His political activity has always been characterized by the utmost 
devotion to the general good and he has been most true and faithful in his official 
positions, discharging his duties with marked capability and promptness. More- 
over, he is a self-made man and one who deserves great credit for what he 
has accomplished in a business way. He came to the new world empty-handed 
when a young man of twenty-five, but he possessed the substantial qualities of 
courage, determination and industry and has utilized these qualities as the basis 
of his growing success. Undeterred by the obstacles and difficulties in his path, 
he has steadily worked his way upward and is now one of the prosperous resi- 
dents of Prescott. 



JOHN A. ROSS. 



In the death of John A. Ross, Walla Walla county lost a representative agricul- 
turist, a loyal citizen and a man whose worth in every relation was widely ac- 
knowledged. He was bom in Pennsylvania, July i6, i860, and was reared and 
educated in that state. He there remained until 1879, when, at the age of nineteen 
years, he bade adieu to friends in the east and started for the Pacific coast. On 
reaching Walla Walla county he here took up his abode and remained a resident 
of this section until life's labors were ended in death. 

It was in the year 1882 that Mr. Ross secured a faithful companion and help- 
mate for life's journey in his marriage to Miss Florence Cauvel who was also 
born in Pennsylvania and was a daughter of John and Matilda (Ketner) Cauvel, 
who always remained residents of the Keystone state. In their family were fifteen 
children, of whom eleven are yet living. 

Following his marriage Mr. Ross purchased a farm near Pendleton, Oregon, 
and the family resided upon that place for some time. Eventually, how^ever, he 
sold that property and removed to Camas prairie, where he again purchased land 
and followed farming for two years. On the expiration of that period he sold 
the property and invested in a farm at Sunnyside, where he made his home for five 
years. Once more he disposed of his property and this time bought a farm 
near Walla Walla comprising fifty acres, to the further development of which he 
at once bent his energies, his labors being attended with excellent results. He 
added many improvements to the place, erected fine buildings thereon and his 
labors wrought a marked transformation in the property. He was progressive 
in all that he did, was an energetic farmer and his labors were at all times intelli- 
gently directed and characterized by sound business judgment. 

The family of Mr. and Mrs. Ross numbered five children : Winifred, who is 
the wife of George Calhoun ; Mabel, the wife of Dale Babcock ; Carl, who is now 
in Idaho; Royal, who is with his mother; and Pauline, the youngest of the family. 

The family circle was broken by the hand of death when in July, 1912, Mr. 
Ross passed away, his remains being interred in the cemetery in Walla Walla. 
His death was the occasion of sincere and widespread regret of the many who 
knew him and of deep sorrow to his immediate family, for he possessed attractive 
social qualities, a genial disposition and a kindly manner that endeared him to 
those with whom he was brought in contact. He belonged to the Modern W^ood- 
mcn of America and he gave his political allegiance to the democratic party. He 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 123 

was also a consistent member of the Congregational church, with which his wife 
is connected, and in the work of the church they ever took a most active and 
helpful part. Mr. Ross was a man whom to know was to esteem and honor for 
his life was ever upright and straightforward in its purposes and in its dealings 

and he was a worthy representative of high standards of manhood and citizenship. 



P. B. HAWLEY. 



P. B. Hawley is engaged in farming on section 27, township 7 north, range ^2 
east, and is regarded as one of the representative agriculturists of Walla Walla 
county. He has been in former years a leading factor in political circles and has 
been called upon to fill various offices, the duties of which he has discharged 
with promptness and fidelity. Throughout his entire life he has been a resident 
of the northwest. 

Mr. Hawley was born in Umatilla county, Oregon, on the 30th of June, 1862, 
a son of Philip L. and Sarah J. (Roberts ) Hawley, both of whom were natives of 
Illinois. They were married, however, in Ohio and in 1861 they crossed the 
plains to Walla Walla, Washington, attracted by the opportunities of the grow- 
ing northwest. Subsequently the father removed with his family to Umatilla 
county, Oregon, where he took up a homestead near Pilot Rock, and thereon 
resided for two or three years. He then turned his attention to the lumber busi- 
ness, in which he engaged in connection with George H. Reed, forming the Reed 
& Hawley Lumber Company. They operated mills in Umatilla county and had 
lumberyards in Walla Walla. The father was identified with this business 
throughout the remainder of his active life but his labors were terminated in 
death in 1878. His widow survived him for only a brief period, passing away in 

1879- 

P. B. Hawley after attending the public schools continued his education in the 

Whitman College and thus became well qualified for life's practical and re- 
sponsible duties. In partnership with his brothers, L. R. and W. B. Hawley, he 
purchased extensive farm lands in Walla Walla county, built irrigation ditches and 
for seven years the three brothers were most closely associated in the conduct of 
their farming enterprises. In recent years, however, their holdings have been 
divided and P. B. Hawley now owns in his home place two hundred and fifty acres 
of rich and valuable land which he has carefully and persistently cultivated, bring- 
ing his fields under a very high state of development, so that he annually gathers 
good crops. He displays keen sagacity and business discernment in the manage- 
ment of his interests and success in large measure has attended his labors. 

In 1905 Mr. Hawley was united in marriage to Miss Lillie Hunziker, of 
Walla Walla, and to them has been born a daughter, Alida F. He belongs to 
Trinity Lodge, No. 121, I. O. O. F., of which he became a charter member, and 
he also has connection with the Modern Woodmen of America. He and his wife 
are members of the Community church of Touchet and their aid and influence 
are always given on the side of progress and improvement. He is a well known 
and representative citizen of Walla Walla county and there are various chapters 
in his life history well worthy of emulation. He is genial in manner, social in 



124 i)U) WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

disposition and is cordial but never to the point of familiarity. These qualities 

have won him personal popularity, while his enterprise antl diligence have gained 
him prominence in business circles. 



WILLIAM KIRKMAN. 



William Kirkman, deceased, one of the honored pioneers of Walla Walla 
county, was prominently identified with stock raising interests for a considerable 
period and previous to that time vk'as engaged in prospecting for a time. His 
activities were of a character that contributed to the progress and prosperity 
of the district in which he resided and Walla Walla numbered him among her 
most honored and valued residents. He was born near Manchester, in Lan- 
cashire, England, December 7, 1832, and received his education and grew to 
manhood in his native country. When about twenty years of age he came to 
the United States. He had been identified with the firm of Grant Brothers, pro- 
prietors of woolen mills in Lancashire, England. It is supposed that these 
brothers were the originals of Dickens' characters of the Cherable brothers. They 
had designed a fancy Marseilles vesting and Mr. Kirkman came to America to 
introduce the goods. For two years he resided in Boston, Massachusetts, after 
which he made his way westward by the Isthmus' of Panama route. He spent 
some time in the gold mines of California and thea pro(:eeded by sailing vessel to 
Australia and to the Sandwich Islands, but returned to the American continent 
when the news was received of the^discovery of gold in paying quantities on the 
Eraser river in British Columbia. He, .proceeded to the gold fields there and for 
a number of years divided his time- between the mines in that region and in 
California. After making and losing what in those days amounted to several 
small fortunes he determined to engage in a more stable business and, accord- 
ingly, in 1862, he returned to San Erancisco and the next year purchased cattle 
in Oregon, which he drove to the market at Boise, Idaho. He there established 
himself in the stock business. In 1866 he took an eighty-mule team pack from 
Walla Walla to Montana, where he disposed of all of his goods. He then became 
interested in a milk ranch and dairy business, but in 1870 he disposed of his 
ranch and stock and returned to San Erancisco with the intention of making that 
city his permanent home. However, he afterward came to Walla Walla and 
entered into partnership with John Dooley for the conduct of a cattle business. 
Their cattle range extended from Pasco to Spokane and from Sprague to the 
Snake river and was known as the Figure 3 Ranch. This firm was the first to 
ship cattle out of the territory to Montana and elsewhere. At a subsequent 
period Mr. Kirkman became heavily interested in the sheep industry and for 
many years he was an extensive raiser of both cattle and sheep. During all this 
time he maintained his partnership relation with Mr. Dooley, their connection 
continuing for about twenty years. He also invested in farm lands, becoming 
in time the owner of twelve hundred acres. In 1891 he retired from active life 
and the year 1892 was spent by him in travel in Europe. He had hoped that 
freedom from business cares and the pleasure of travel would enable him to 
regain his health, which had become quite seriously impaired, but this expecta- 





\^ /^/-u^ot^^ .A:^ y?-Yr^^^^^.^i-^c^ 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 129 

tion proved futile, as he died at Stevens Point, Wisconsin, April 25, 1893, when 
on his way home. Mr. Kirkman was a man alive to all public interests and op- 
portunities. He was one of the early contributors to Whitman College and paid 
the tuition of various students there in order to help them and the institution. 
When the receipts of the college were too small Mr. Kirkman joined with John 
F. Boyer to make up the deficit. He was a man of many substantial qualities 
and thereby gained many friends. He contributed much to the development 
of the northwest along material, social, intellectual and moral lines, his influence 
always being on the side of progress and improvement for the individual and 
for the community. 

On the 4th of February, 1867, in San Francisco, Mr. Kirkman was united 
in marriage to Miss Isabella Potts, a native of Ireland and a daughter of Robert 
and Agnes (Evans) Potts, who passed their entire lives on the Emerald isle. Mrs. 
Kirkman came to the United States in her girlhood, going to San Francisco to 
join her two sisters who were already residing there. The four surviving chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Kirkman are : William H., Fannie A., Myrtle B. and 
Leslie G. The eldest son was born in Idaho in May, 1868, and pursued his edu- 
cation in Whitman College and in the Boston University, from which he was 
graduated on the completion of a law course in the class of 1893 and then located 
for practice in Walla Walla, where he followed his profession for two years. He 
wedded Maud Ashley, who passed away in 1905, leaving one son, William Leslie, 
wfto was born in 1901. William H. Kirkman resided in Walla Walla and filled 
the office of clerk of the federal court for a year. He was also a member of the 
city council and a member of the school board. Fraternally he was connected 
with the Masons as a member of the York Rite and of the Mystic Shrine, and 
he also held membership with the Elks, in which he filled all of the chairs of the 
local lodge. Fannie A. is the wife of A. H. Reynolds, a prominent attorney and 
president of the Farmers Savings Bank of Walla Walla. The youngest son, 
Leslie G., was born in Walla Walla in June, 1881, and pursued his education 
in the schools of his native city. He married Mabelle E. Hawman and they have 
one child, Leslie Gilmore, who was born in 1916. Leslie G. Kirkman is an Elk 
and a Mason. He resides in Walla Walla and he and his brother are engaged 
in farming, the latter having retired from law practice, and they are now devot- 
ing their attention to the cultivation, development and further improvement of 
the old homestead property which was left by their father. Myrtle B. Kirkman 
resides with her mother in Walla Walla. 

William Kirkman was very prominent in civic affairs and exerted great influ- 
ence on many interests that had to do with the upbuilding and progress of Walla 
Walla. Llis political allegiance was given to the republican party and he was a 
delegate to the national republican convention which was held in Minneapolis 
in 1892 and nominated Benjamin Harrison. He was appointed on the committee 
with William McKinley to notify Mr. Harrison of his nomination. Mr. Kirk- 
man served on the first board of directors of the penitentiary upon its establish- 
ment and was a member of the board of education in Walla Walla, contributing 
much to the development of its school system. As previously stated, he was 
closely associated with the welfare and progress of Whitman College and was 
still a member of its board of directors at the time of his demise. He was a man 
of sterling qualities, possessing a kindly, genial disposition that endeared him 

Vol. II 6 



130 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

to those who came in contact with him, and was charitable to a fault. Although 
not a member of any church, he was a liberal contributor to the support of various 
religious bodies of the city and no worthy cause appealed to him in vain. His 
interests were broad and embraced all that was worth while in life, yet his great- 
est care and his fullest devotion were always given to his home and family. 



CLEMENT O. BERGEVIN. 

Clement O. Bergevin, who is actively engaged in farming on section 35, 
township 7 north, range 34 east, was bom on the old Bergevin homestead in this 
part of Walla Walla county, his natal day being March 16, 1891. He is a son of 
Damase and Mary P. (Allard) Bergevin, the former a native of Canada and of 
French extraction. He is mentioned elsewhere in this work. 

Clement O. Bergevin spent his youthful days in his father's home and acquired 
his education in the old French town school. In 1912 he began farming on his 
own account. He had been reared to that occupation and early became familiar 
with the best methods of tilling the soil and cultivating the crops. He thus 
brought broad experience to his work when he started out independently. He is 
now cultivating three hundred and twenty acres of land, upon which he now 
resides and which is a part of his father's estate. He also owns a third equity in 
a farm of three hundred and twenty acres elsewhere in the same township and a 
third equity in a five hundred acre tract. His farming interests are thus extensive 
and important and in all of his business affairs he displays marked energy and 
determination. His industry has enabled him to overcome obstacles and diffi- 
culties in his path and capable management has brought him substantial reward. 

On the I2th of May, 1915, Mr. Bergevin was united in marriage to Miss 
Hazel Johnson, of Walla Walla, a daughter of Edward Johnson, one of the prom- 
inent coal dealers of that city. Mr. Bergevin is a member of the Catholic church 
and is identified with the Knights of Columbus. He has comparatively few 
outside interests, however, preferring to concentrate his efforts and attention 
upon his business affairs. He is yet a young man who has only passed the 
twenty-sixth milestone on life's journey, but already he has made for himself a 
place in business circles that many a man of twice his years might well envy. He 
displays good judgment in all that he does and his careful management of his 
property and his progressive methods of farming are bringing to him merited 
success. 



NELSON McSHERRY. 



Nelson McSherry made for himself a creditable position in the business 
and political circles of Prescott, so that his death was the occasion of deep and 
widespread regret when on the 27th of July, 19 16, he passed away. He was 
then but sixty-one years of age, his birth having occurred on the 31st of July, 
1855. He was a native of Pennsylvania and a son of J. J. and Margaret 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 131 

(Mitchner) McSherry, both of whom were natives of the Keystone state. At 
an early day they removed with their family to Missouri, settling near Warrens- 
burg, where they spent their remaining days, and there Nelson McSherry was 
reared and educated. He was a young man of twenty-five years when in 1880 
he was united in marriage to Miss Mary E. Harvey, of Warrensburg, and to 
them were born five children: Lulu, who is the wife of J. D. Walter; Robert, 
who is living in Nevada ; Joseph C, whose home is in Prescott ; Urie D. ; and 
Hester. 

Mr. and Mrs. McSherry began their domestic life in Missouri and there 
resided until 1888, when they came with their family to the northwest, estab- 
lishing their home in Prescott, where Mr. McSherry embarked in business as 
proprietor of a small mercantile establishment. He adapted himself and his 
affairs to this part of the country and the conditions here existing and in the 
course of years he built up a growing and gratifying business. He closely 
studied the needs of the people in relation to the line of goods which he carried 
and by reason of his carefully selected stock, his reasonable prices and his 
straightforward dealing he won a very liberal and well deserved patronage, so 
that his business became one of the profitable enterprises of the town. 

In public affairs Mr. McSherry also took a deep and helpful interest. His 
fellow townsmen, recognizing his worth and ability, elected him the first mayor 
of Prescott. He was always ready to advance the interests of the town in every 
possible way and stood at all times for progress and improvement. Fraternally 
he was connected with the Woodmen of the World and the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. He was reared a Methodist, but Mrs. McSherry is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church. In 1913, because of faiHng health, he retired 
from active business and turned the management of his store over to his sons. 
Death called him in 1916 and at his passing deep regret was felt for he was a 
progressive business man, a loyal and patriotic citizen, a faithful friend and a 
devoted husband and father. He counted it his greatest happiness to provide 
for the welfare and comfort of his wife and children and in every relation of 
life he manifested those sterling qualities which command respect, confidence 
and honor in every land and clime. 



GEORGE E. LAMBDIN. 

George E. Lambdin has been actively and prominently identified with farm- 
ing and stock raising interests in the northwest and is now carrying on gen- 
eral agricultural pursuits on section 22, township 7 north, range 32 east, in Walla 
Walla county. He was born on the 27th of September, 1870, in Montana, his 
parents being Samuel and Mary E. (Spade) Lambdin. The father was a native 
of Delaware, while the mother's birth occurred in Ohio. They were married in 
Iowa and at the time of the opening up of the gold fields in Montana, in 1865, 
they crossed the plains with ox teams to that state. The father worked in the 
mines in Deer Lodge valley and also in the Butte mines for six years and the 
family went through the usual experiences of the mining camp in the west. In 
1872 they removed to Walla Walla county, Washington, where Mr. Lambdin 



132 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

preempted a quarter section of land just across the line in Oregon, on the present 
site of Freewater. Ten years later he crossed the border into Washington and 
took up a homestead on section 30, township 7 north, range 32 east, in Walla 
Walla county. He then lived in this immediate vicinity until the time of his 
death and during the later years of his life made his home with his son, George 
E., whose name introduces this review. He passed away April 20, 1908. 

George E. Lambdin spent his youthful days upon the home farm and ac- 
quired a district school education. As early as his seventeenth year he began 
his career as a sheepman, starting with twenty-five head. While working for 
H. C. Adams as a sheep herder he accumulated a small number of sheep and his 
herd multiplied rapidly, so that about 1900 he was in a position to operate for 
himself on a larger scale and began independent activities. In the intervening 
years he has acquired from three to four thousand acres of grazing land and 
while he has recently sold off his own flock, he is associated with C. W. Stevelan 
in operating sheep interests under lease. In this connection he is among the 
most prominent sheepmen of the county. His business affairs are wisely and 
carefully directed. His long experience in connection with the sheep industry 
has taught him exactly how to care for his flock so that the best results will be 
achieved. There is no feature of sheep raising with which he is not familiar 
and his intelligently directed interests have brought very substantial results. 

In 1903 Mr. Lambdin was married to Miss Catherine A. Bradley, of Walla 
Walla county, and they have become the parents of three children: Samuel 
Allen, Mary Isabelle and Margaret Elizabeth. In politics Mr. Lambdin main- 
tains an independent course, although he is inclined to give his support to the 
republican party. He belongs to Attalia Lodge, No. 294, I. O. O. P., of Attalia, 
Washington, and he also has membership with the Modern Woodmen of Amer- 
ica and with the Royal Neighbors. He is true and loyal to the teachings of 
these organizations and exemplifies in his life the beneficent spirit which under- 
lies the different societies. As a business man his position is one of prominence 
and his capability is widely recognized. He deserves much credit for what he 
has accomplished, for from an early age he has been dependent upon his own 
resources. As the years have gone by his labors have brought substantial results 
and he is today accounted one of the foremost sheepmen of the northwest. 



HON. ELGIN V. KUYKENDALL. 

Hon. Elgin V. Kuykendall is a member of the state senate of Washington and 
is one of Pomeroy's foremost attorneys. His record reflects credit and honor 
upon the district which has honored him. He has done splendid work both as 
lawyer and lawmaker and has become prominently connected with a profession 
which has ever been regarded as having much to do with the stability, pros])erity 
and upbuilding of every district, standing as the stern conservator of the rights, 
privileges and liberties of the individual. His entire life has been spent in the 
west with its boundless opportunities and limitless resources, and with him 
opportunity has ever been the clarion call to action. He was born in Oakland, 
Oregon, October 8, 1870, a son of Dr. G. B. Kuykendall, a foremost citizen and 




^AJ^^dwl^ 



THE NEW YOHK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 135 

leading pioneer physician of Pomeroy, who is mentioned at length on another 
page of this work. 

Elgin V. Kuykendall was educated in the public schools of Garfield county and 
has learned many valuable lessons in the school of experience, for he has ever 
been a close and attentive observer of men and of measures. Determining upon 
a professional career, he took up the study of law in 1892, pursuing his reading 
under the preceptorship of Samuel G. Cosgrove of Pomeroy, who was afterward 
governor of Washington. In 1894 Mr. Kuykendall was admitted to the bar but 
did not immediately take up the active practice of the profession but continued 
to give his attention to educational work, in which for some time he had been 
engaged. He had proven a capable teacher, imparting readily and clearly to others 
the knowledge that he had acquired, and in 1894 he was elected county superin- 
tendent of schools, in which office he served for one term. During the last year 
of his incumbency in that position he was appointed to fill out an unexpired term 
of six months as principal of the Pomeroy high school. In 1897, however, he 
concentrated his efforts and attention upon the practice of law and in 1898 was 
elected prosecuting attorney of Garfield county, in which position he served for 
one term. In 1900 he was elected mayor of Pomeroy and occupied that position 
for one term, giving to the city a businesslike and progressive administration 
characterized by needed reforms and measures of public improvement. At the 
same time he continued in the practice of law independently until February, 1898, 
when he entered into partnership with Judge Ma-ek-Fi-Gosey .under. the firm name 
of Gose & Kuykendall, a relationship that existed until' the appointment of the 
senior partner to the supreme bench in 190^. Mr/ KuykendalL then practiced 
alone for two years and in 191 1 the present law firm.of .Kuykendill & McCabe 
was formed, C. Alexander McCabe being admitted to a jjdrtnefship that still 
maintains, the firm occupying now a very prominent position in the legal circles 
of the state. Their practice is extensive and of an important character and in 
the conduct thereof Mr. Kuykendall has displayed talent, learning, tact, patience 
and industry. His legal learning, his analytical mind, the readiness with which 
he grasps the points in an argument all combine to make him a strong advocate 
and a wise counselor. In connection with his brothers he has fourteen hundred 
acres of land held in equity. 

In 1896 Mr. Kuykendall was joined in wedlock to Miss Marguerite Scully, a 
daughter of Matthew Scully, who was one of the pioneer farmers of Asotin 
county, Washington, and now resides near Twin Falls, Idaho. Mr. and Mrs. 
Kuykendall have become the parents of four children, as follows : Matthew 
Lorraine, a student in the Washington State College ; Ruth Lenore, who attended 
the State Normal School at Cheney, Washington, and is now engaged in teaching 
in Garfield county ; Berdina Claire, a high school student at Pomeroy ; and Jerome 
Kenneth, who is attending the graded schools. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Kuykendall are members of the Methodist church and she 
is president of the Ladies' Aid Society of that church and also president of the 
Civic Improvement Club of Pomeroy. She is likewise a member of the Red 
Cross Society. 

In his political connection Mr. Kuykendall has always been a stalwart repub- 
lican and in November, 1916, he was chosen to represent his district in the 
state senate, where he was made a member of a sub-committee for framing a 



136 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

new probate code. He has been a conspicuous figure in the legislative halls and 
has served repeatedly as chairman of the state central committee of the republican 
party, thus taking active part in guiding the destinies of his party in the north- 
west. While serving as mayor of Pomeroy he was instrumental in establishing 
the present city park, which the city purchased from Governor Cosgrove. 
Fraternally he is connected with Garfield Lodge, No. 25, K. P., and has been 
quite active in the affairs of that organization. He has been a member of the 
grand judiciary committee of the state for sixteen years, a longer period than that 
of any other incumbent in the position. He is also identified with the Woodmen 
of the World. His interests are broad and varied and in relation to the great 
sociological, economic and political problems of the country he keeps abreast with 
the best thinking men of the age. He is forceful and his ability and initiative 
have made him a dynamic power in the public life of southeastern Washington. 



J. U. STRAHM. 



At a period when the government owned most of the land in Washington and 
the work of progress and development seemed scarcely begun, J. U. Strahm and 
his wife came to Walla Walla county and cast in their lot with its pioneer settlers. 
They here underwent many of the hardships and privations incident to establishing 
a home on the frontier, but with resolute spirit they met all these and in the 
course of years came to enjoy the comforts of modem day civilization. Mr. 
Strahm was born in Switzerland, July 30, 1827, and was but six years of age when 
brought to America by his parents, the family home being established in Ohio. 
They afterward removed to Iowa and in 1849 J. U. Strahm removed to California, 
attracted by the discovery of gold on the Pacific coast. There he remained for 
three years, after which he returned to Missouri, where in 1864 he was united 
in marriage to Miss Mary Jane Farley, a daughter of Harvey and Elizabeth 
(Bruett) Farley, the former a native of Ohio, while the latter was bom in 
Indiana. The father was killed while serving as a soldier in the Civil war and 
the mother afterward passed away in Tennessee. 

Following their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Strahm resolved to try their fortune 
in the far west and made their way across the country to Walla Walla county, 
where he took up a homestead near Dixie. There was little to indicate the won- 
derful changes which were still to occur as the white settlers penetrated into this 
region and reclaimed its rich resources for the purposes of civilization. The 
greater part of the land was still unclaimed and uncultivated and the most far- 
sighted could scarcely have dreamed of what the future held in store for this rich 
district. Mr. Strahm became actively identified with its farming interests and 
bent his energies to the development of his place, bringing his fields under a high 
state of cultivation and therefore annually gathering rich harvests. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Strahm were born fourteen children, eleven of whom are 
now living: Ann J-, the widow of John Byrd ; William H., who is deceased; 
FJizabeth, the wife of John Glynn; Rosa D., the wife of Tom Hastings; Mary 
E., the wife of Eldon Buroker ; Nora J., the wife of Joel Chitwood ; John E. ; 
Nannie V., who is the wife of Alfred Brown; Lucretia R., the wife of Alvin 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY- 137 

McElvain; Viola, the wife of Fred Wells; Edna, at home; Alma B., the wife 
of Jene Green ; and two who are deceased. 

The death of Mr. Strahm occurred February ii, 1895, at which time his re- 
mains were interred in the Dixie cemetery. He had been a devoted husband and 
father and had put forth every possible effort to aid in promoting the welfare 
and happiness of his family. His widow still occupies the old homestead, having 
eighty acres in her farm near Dixie, and the careful development and improve- 
ment of the property insures to her a substantial annual income. 



CHARLES C. LONEY. 



Prominent among the real estate men of Walla Walla is Charles C. Loney of 
the finn of Loney, Ginn & Kerrick. He was born in Toronto, Canada, on the 7th of 
June, 1876, a son of Charles and Charlotte (Cole) Loney, both of whom were 
natives of Belfast, Ireland. They came to Canada in childhood with their 
respective parents and were there reared to manhood and womanhood. In 1883 
they came to the United States, arriving in Walla Walla on the 19th of August 
of that year. Here the father engaged in farming and became one of the lead- 
ing agriculturists of Walla Walla county, having extensive interests. He ac- 
quired some two thousand acres of valuable land near the city and for a long 
period gave personal supervision to the further development and improvement of 
his farm. For several years prior to his death, however, he lived retired from 
active work, turning his farms over to his sons. He then took up his abode in the 
city and throughout his remaining days enjoyed a well earned rest. He died in 
1907, having for a considerable period survived his wife, who passed away in 
1902. Both were consistent members of the Baptist church and were earnest 
Christian people whose well spent lives are worthy of emulation. 

Charles C. Loney was educated in the Walla Walla high school, from which 
he was graduated with the class of 1896. Following the completion of his studies 
he cooperated with his father in the management and operation of his extensive 
farming interests until the father's retirement in 1901, at which time Charles C. 
Loney took charge of the farm, continuing its further cultivation and improve- 
ment until 191 1. In the meantime he had purchased the property of his father and 
in the year designated he sold the home place and became a resident of Walla 
Walla, where he opened a real estate and loan office. He has since been promi- 
nently identified with that business and places many loans, while at the same 
time he negotiates many important realty transfers. Since 191 1 he has purchased 
one hundred acres of land in Umatilla county, Oregon, and eight hundred acres 
in Columbia county, Washington. This property he still owns and rents. He 
also has three hundred and thirty acres on Dry creek, near Walla Walla, on 
which he is engaged in breeding and raising thoroughbred Percheron horses. He 
thus ranks with the leading agriculturists and stock raisers of this section of the 
state, while at the same time he has won for himself a most creditable position as 
a real estate dealer. 

On the I2th of January, 1917, Mr. Loney was united in marriage to Miss 
Hazel Velma Wright, of Walla Walla, a daughter of Robert Wright, who is a 



138 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

native of Umatilla county, Oregon, and for many years has been a prominent 
farmer of Walla Walla county. 

Mr. Loney holds membership in Enterprise Lodge, No. 2, L O. O. F., and also 
in Walla Walla Encampment, No. 3. He votes with the republican party and is 
interested in all matters of progressive citizenship, cooperating in every plan and 
measure which he deems of value and benefit to the community. The greater 
part of his life has been spent in this section of the state and he has become imbued 
with the spirit of western enterprise that has led to the rapid and substantial up- 
building of this section of the state. This spirit has been the dominant factor in 
the attainment of his own success, a success that now places him with the men of 
afiiuence in his adopted county.. 



HON. OLIVER T. CORNWELL. 

Hon. Oliver T. Cornwell is a dominant factor in the agricultural, commercial 
and financial circles of Walla Walla and the Inland Empire and has also exerted 
a marked influence over public thought and action as a member of the state 
senate, in which he is now representing. the eleventh senatorial district. It was 
Mr. Cornwell who in large measure .Introduce'd. the commission form of govern- 
ment here and in all his public wqrl<4i6hJis -been actuated by a spirit of progress, 
improvement and of marked devotion to ,t,b.§ genexal good. He is indeed prominent 
as a man whose constantly expi^nfjing ^powers have, taken him from humble 
surroundings to the field of large enterprises and continually broadening oppor- 
tunities. Bringing to bear a clear understanding that readily solves complex 
problems, he has been able to unite diverse interests into a harmonious whole 
with results that indicate his keen sagacity and unfaltering enterprise. 

Air. Cornwell is a native son of Walla Walla county, his birth having occurred 
upon a farm six miles north of the city of Walla Walla on the 22d of March. 
1863. His father, James Madison Cornwell, became one of the Walla Walla 
pioneers of 1861 and is mentioned elsewhere in this work. The son was reared 
on the old homestead with the usual experiences of the farm bred boy and acquired 
his early education in the district schools, after which he became a student in 
Whitman College. When nineteen years of age he assumed the operation of 
the home place and continued to cultivate its fields for three years as a renter. 
After reaching his majority he went up into the Palouse country, in Whitman 
county, and there engaged in the raising of cattle and horses. He remained in 
Whitman county for eight years, after which he returned to Walla Walla and 
in company with H. -S. Stott founded the drug house of Stott &■ Cornwell, with 
which he was identified for three years. He then resumed active connection 
with farming and stock raising interests and also began buying and shipping 
cattle, with which business he has since been closely associated, being one of the 
most prominent representatives of agricultural interests in this section of the 
state. He now owns fourteen hundred acres of wheat land in \\'alla Walla 
county and he also has heavy holdings in .Mlierta, Canada. Mr. Cornwell is a 
man of forcefulness and resourcefulness and has by no means limited his 
activities and energies to a single line. In fact, as extensive as are his agricultural 




OLIVKR T. CORNWELL 




MR8. OLIVER T. CORNWELL 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 143 

activities, he has also made for himself a notable place in commercial and financial 
circles. About 1903 he was one of the dominant factors in the organization of 
the Walla Walla County Lumber Company, of which he became president, and in 
that capacity he has since continued, his intelligent direction of the afitairs of the 
company being one of the most potent elements in his growing and continued 
success. He was also one of the organizers of the Peoples State Bank of Walla 
Walla and was made a member of its board of directors, which position he has 
since filled. He has also been identified with interests of a public and semi-public 
character that have had much to do with promoting general progress. He served 
for a number of years as president of the Farmers Union and while acting in 
that capacity the Walla Walla Farmers' Agency was organized, of which Mr. 
Cornwell was elected president, and reelection has continued him in that position 
to the present time. 

On the 19th of August, 1888, occurred the marriage of Mr. Cornwell and 
Miss Ella Crowell, of Walla Walla, a daughter of Henry A. and Mary A. 
(Thurman) Crowell, who came to Walla Walla from Iowa in 1874. The mother 
was a niece of Allen G. Thurman, the great democratic leader, who was long 
known as "the Old Roman." To Mr. and Mrs. Cornwell have been born three 
children, Lessie L., Ethel L. and Olive E. 

Mr. Cornwell holds membership with the Masonic fraternity, belonging to 
Blue Mountain Lodge, No. 7, F. & A. M.; to Walla Walla Chapter, No. i, R. A. 
M.; to Walla Walla Commandery, No. 2, K. T. ; to Oriental Consistory, No. i. 
A. & A. S. R., of Spokane; and to El Katif Temple, A.'A.' O. N. M..S., also of 
Spokane. He likewise has membership with Washington Lodge, No. 19, L O. O. 
F., and with the Walla Walla Encampment of tliat order. :r. 

His chief activity aside from business has beeii as a supporter of the republi- 
can party and a recognized leader in its ranks. The first position to which he was 
called was that of city councilman of Walla Walla in 1897. In 1900 he was 
chosen to represent his district in the Washington state senate, where he served 
for four years with honor and ability. In the November election of 191 5 he was 
again chosen a member of the state senate and during his present term has been 
called upon for much important committee service. He is now a member of the 
committees on municipal corporations, on education, on industrial insurance, on 
irrigation and arid lands, public utilities, roads and bridges, rules and joint rules, 
banks and banking. He has done much to shape the policy of his party and for 
eight years was chairman of the republican county central committee and has 
been a member of the state central committee. It was Mr. Cornwell who 
organized and successfully carried through the campaign establishing the com- 
mission form of government in Walla Walla. His career has at all times reflected 
credit and honor upon the people that have honored him. The universality of 
his friendships interprets for us his intellectual hospitality and the breadth of his 
sympathy, for nothing is foreign to him that concerns his fellows. Anyone 
meeting Mr. Cornwell face to face would know at once that he is an individual 
embodying all the elements of what in this country we term a "square" man — 
one in whom to have confidence, a dependable man in any relation and any 
emergency. His quietude of deportment, his easy dignity, his frankness and 
cordiality of address, with the total absence of anything sinister or anything to 
conceal, foretoken a man who is ready to meet any obligation of life with the 



144 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

confidence and coura.m- that (.-(inK' of conscious jicrsonal ability, the right con- 
ception of things and an habitual regard for what is best in the exercise of human 
activities. 



SAMUEL LOVE GILBREATH. 

Samuel Love Gilbreath, an honored pioneer of Columbia county, Washing- 
ton, became a resident of Old Walla Walla county when there were few white 
settlers within its limits, and took up a homestead three miles from the city 
of Dayton, although it was a number of years later that the town was laid out. 
He was a successful farmer, loyal friend and a public-spirited citizen, and his 
demise was the occasion of sincere regret. He was born in McMinn county, 
Tennessee, March 25, 1825, and was of Scotch descent. He was a representa- 
tive of one of the old families of the south, being a grandson of Archibald 
Rowan, the third governor of Tennessee. His education was that aflforded by 
the common schools and he remained in his native state until he became of 
age. He then determined to try his fortune in the far west and, crossing the 
plains, settled in Yamhill county, Oregon. For a number of years he farmed 
there and then went into the cattle business, which occupied his attention until 
1855, when the Cayuse Indian war broke out. He enlisted for six months' 
service in the First Oregon Mounted Cavalry Regiment, which did good work in 
putting down the uprising both in Oregon and Washington. He was later for 
six months assistant wagon master and one of his duties was the gruesome task 
of hauling the bodies of the dead back to The Dalles, from which point they 
were shipped to relatives in the Willamette valley. 

Following his marriage in 1859 Mr. Gilbreath drove a herd of cattle to Old 
Walla Walla county. Washington. At that time the city of Walla Walla com- 
prised but a very few buildings and the settlers in the county were few and 
far between. He took up a homestead three miles southwest of the present 
city of Dayton and built a log cabin with puncheon floors, which remained the 
family home for a number of years. There were inany hardships to be endured 
in those early days but the lot of the pioneer was lightened by the spirit of hos- 
pitality and cooperation which prevailed. Travelers were welcomed at every log 
cabin and the service of each settler was at the disposal of the others. Mr. 
Gilbreath worked hard and gave careful attention to his business affairs and 
as time passed his resources increased. The first crude buildings upon his farm 
were at length replaced by substantial and commodious structures and the place 
was brought to a high state of development. At the time of his death he owned 
two hundred acres of fine orchard and alfalfa land, of which his widow has 
since sold one hundred and twenty acres, still owning eighty acres, which is 
valued at a high price per acre. 

Mr. Gilbreath was married in 1859, in Oregon, to Miss Margaret H. Fan- 
ning, of Albany, and they became the parents of thirteen children, ten of whom 
survive, namely: Nancy E., a teacher; Mary, the wife of J. O. Mattoon; Lee, 
a resident of Columbia county; Joseph, a resident of Seattle; Susie, the wife 
of E. E. Martin ; Rose, who is teaching in Seattle ; Charles, a resident of Walla 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 145 

Walla; Grace, the wife of T. O. Morrison; James, an instructor in the Uni- 
versity of Washington; and Fred, a graduate of West Point and a captain in 
the United States army, now with the American embassy in London. 

Mr. Gilbreath was a prominent factor in public affairs in the early days and 
was chosen the first county commissioner of Old Walla Walla county and 
the first sheriff of Columbia county. He was a firm believer in the value of 
higher education and sent several of his children to college. In many ways his 
influence was felt in the advancement of his community, and personally he was 
held in the highest esteem because of his unswerving integrity and his great 
capacity for friendship. His wife had the distinction of being the first white 
woman to take up her residence in the four counties comprised within Old 
Walla Walla county, and she, too, proved her courage and perseverance in per- 
forming cheerfully and efficiently the many and arduous duties that fell to the 
lot of the pioneer wife and mother. 



CHRIS H. ROMMEL. 



Chris H. Rommel is residing on section 35, township 14 north, range 41 east, 
Garfield county, and is operating one thousand acres of land, being therefore 
entitled to rank among the extensive farmers of Garfield county. He grew to 
manhood in Manchester, Michigan, and is indebted for his education to its pub- 
lic schools. When nineteen years of age he started out in life for himself and 
in 1893 came to Garfield county, Washington. For some years he rented a 
farm, during which time he carefully saved his money with the purpose of 
buying land as soon as possible. At length he purchased his present home farm 
and has extended its boundaries until he now owns one thousand acres. 

Mr. Rommel was married in 1893 to Miss Anna Smith, a native of _Cali- 
fornia, and they have three children: Fred C, a high school graduate; Mar}' 
P., who is also a high school graduate and is now teaching; and Ena M. 



THOMAS A. RUSSEL. 



Thomas A. Russel, deceased, was for a number of years actively engaged in 
farming on section 3, township 6 north, range 35 east, Walla Walla county, and 
met with gratifying success. He was born in Ohio, September 26, 1831, and there 
grew to manhood and received his education. In 1849 he accompanied his 
father John Russel, to California, crossing the great unsettled plains of the west 
by team, a long, tedious and dangerous joumey, and again in 1852 he came to 
the coast by the overland route, but each time he returned to Ohio, where he 
maintained his residence until 1864. In that year he went with his bride by 
horse team to the Sacramento valley of California, where he lived for three years, 
during which time he taught school. They then removed to Bowling Green, 
Missouri, and for twenty-one years he was a resident of that state. During 
that time he engaged in the practice of law, successfully appearing in most of 
the more important trials of his district. In 1888, however, he removed with 



146 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

his family to Walla Walla county, Washington and the remainder of his life 
was devoted to agricultural pursuits. 

Mr. Russel was married in 1864 in Ohio to Miss Mary C. Willman, also 
a native of that state. To their union were born ten children: John B. and 
William, both of whom are deceased; Frank; Thomas and Anna, who have 
passed away ; I'hoebe L. ; Lincoln and Grant, twins, and Leslie, the two latter 
being deceased ; and Joseph, who resides in Canada. 

Many interesting experiences came to Mr. Russel in his long life, and from 
the time he accompanied his father to the west in 1849 until his death he was 
much interested in this section of the country, even while still residing in the 
east or middle west. He found great pleasure in watching the process of devel- 
opment that has made the west a rival of the east in all that pertains to the 
highest civilization, and his influence was invariably cast on the side of progress. 
He passed away in January, 1901, and was laid to rest in the Mountain View 
cemetery. 



HON. F. M. WEATHERFORD. 

Hon. F. M. Weatherford is now living practically retired in Dayton but for 
many years was actively and extensively connected with farming interests and is 
still the owner of much valuable wheat land in this section of the state. More- 
over, he has been prominently connected with public affairs and has been called 
upon to represent his district in the general assembly. He was born in Missouri, 
November 12, 1855, and is a son of Alfred H. and Sophia (Smith) Weatherford, 
both of whom were natives of Virginia and at an early day removed westward 
to Missouri, where their remaining days were passed. They had a family of nine 
children but only three are now living. 

While born in the middle west, Hon. F. M. Weatherford has spent the greater 
part of his life in the Pacific coast country. He crossed the plains in 1864, when 
a lad of but nine years, and became a resident of Linn county, Oregon. The 
trip was made with ox teams and wagon and he was six months en route, expe- 
riencing many hardships and privations as the party traveled over the barren 
plains, the hot sandy desert and across the mountain ranges. He took up his 
abode with a brother in Oregon and there remained until 1872, when he made 
his way northward to Walla Walla county, Washington. The following year, 
when a youth of eighteen, he rented a farm nine miles southwest of Dayton in 
the section known as Bundy Hollow. Later he bought land east of Dayton and 
occupied that farm for twenty years, his labors bringing about a marked trans- 
formation in the appearance of the place, for when the land came into his pos- 
session it was wild and undeveloped. With characteristic energy he began to 
cultivate it, breaking the furrows, planting the seed and in due time gathering 
rich harvests. Year by year the work of operating the farm was carried on and 
as his financial resources increased he made other investments in property, adding 
to his holdings from time to time until he is now the owner of sixteen hundred 
acres of fine wheat land in Columbia county. He was also at one time vice 
president of the Farmers Exchange at Waitsburg, which he aided in organizing. 




HOX. F. M. WKATHKRFORD 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 149 

lie has now put aside the more active worl: of the fields, leaving that to others, 
while he is enjoying a well earned rest, having taken up his abode in Dayton. 
His farm property yields to him a most gratifying annual income and his energy 
and sound business judgment have brought him success. 

In 1878 Mr. Weatherford was united in marriage to Miss Harriet A. Turner 
and they have become parents of five children: William M.; J. C, who is living 
upon the home farm; Mary S., who is the wife of Elmer Dunlap; Clara L., the 
wife of W. E. Bruce ; and Arthur M., who is also upon the home farm. 

In his political affiliation Mr. Weatherford is a democrat and has taken an 
active part in advancing the interests of the organization. His fellow townsmen, 
appreciative of his worth and his devotion to the party, elected him to represent 
them for one term in the state legislature. The cause of education finds in him a 
stalwart champion and he has done effective work in behalf of the schools as a 
member of the school board. Fraternally he is connected with Dayton Lodge, 
No. 136, I. O. O. F., and both he and his wife are merribers of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. South, and in its work take an active and helpful interest, doing 
all in their power to extend its growth and promote its purpose. Mr. Weather- 
ford deserves much credit for what he has accomplished. He started out in the 
business world empty-handed, yet he has passed many another traveler on life's 
journey whose start was perhaps more advantageous. His success is the direct 
result of indefatigable industry intelligently directed, and, advancing year by 
year, he has become one of the prominent and prosperous men of Columbia 
county. 



HON. DAVID H. COX." " 

Hon. David H. Cox has back of him an ancestry honorable and distinguished. 
Upon the family records appear the names of several who have been active in 
connection with framing state or national legislation. His own career has been 
cast in harmony with the family record and he is now a member of the state 
senate of Washington. For many years he has figured conspicuously and hon- 
orably in agricultural and commercial circles and is still actively identified with 
farming, his attention now being given to the management of his farm property. 
A native of eastern Tennessee, he was born December 28, 1865, a son of Elbert 
S. and Mary Louise (Beyers) Cox, both of whom were natives of Tennessee, 
where they spent their entire lives. The mother was a niece of John Severe, 
who was the first governor of Tennessee and a brother of her mother. Elbert 
S. Cox was for many years one of the leading merchants of Jonesboro, Ten- 
nessee, and was also extensively engaged in farming, having near the town a 
large tract of land which he successfully and wisely cultivated. He was also 
prominent in public affairs of the community and served for one term as mem- 
ber of congress from his district. He took a most active and helpful part in 
public thought and action and all that he did was characterized by a spirit of 
progressiveness that made him one of the most valued residents of Jonesboro. 
He passed away July 3, 1881, the day on which President Garfield was shot, in 
the Pennsylvania Railroad station at Washington, D. C. 



150 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

David H. Cox supplemented his public school education by study in Milliken 
College of eastern Tennessee and when nineteen years of age he started out 
in the business world on his own account, going to Texas, where he remained 
for a year. In 1885 he came to the northwest with Walla Walla as his desti- 
nation. Here he arrived on the 6th of October of that year, possessed of courage 
and determination but of no funds. His financial condition rendered it im- 
perative that he obtain immediate employment and he soon secured a position 
on a farm. He willingly accepted any employment that would yield him an 
honest living. He proved so capable in his farm work that his employer, recog- 
nizing his ability, offered to loan him the amount necessary to enable him to 
engage in business for himself. He took up the occupation of farming and for 
a considerable period rented land. Since that date he has never been without 
farm land of his own and for many years has been a most prominent figure in 
agricultural circles in this section of the state. In i88g, while still continuing 
in his farming operations, he became identified with the Pacific Coast Elevator 
Company and managed the business from 1889 until 1901. He then became 
associated with Walter S. Barnett and established the mercantile house of Cox, 
Barnett & Company, under which firm name they transacted an extensive 
grocery and hardware business, their sales amounting in later years to between 
twenty-five and thirty thousand dollars per month. They continued the busi- 
ness in a very successful manner until 1910, when Mr. Cox, in company with 
Hugh A. Martin, organized the Independent Grain Company, under which title 
they carried on business successfully for four years. Since then Mr. Cox has 
given his undivided attention to the management of his farming properties, 
which represent judicious investments and are the expression of well directed 
business ability. 

In 1890 Mr. Cox was united in marriage to Miss Decima E. Yeend, of 
Walla Walla county, a daughter of William Yeend, one of the pioneer farmers 
of this section of the state, who came to Washington from England in i86g. 
Mr. and Mrs. Cox have become the parents of two children : Arthur E., who is 
farming his father's land ; and Dessie, at home. 

The family occupies a very enviable position in social circles and the hos- 
pitality of the best homes of Walla Walla is freely accorded them. Mr. Cox 
is a stalwart republican in his political views and has done much to further the 
interests and promote the success of the party. He served for several years as 
member of the Walla Walla city council and in 1908 was elected to the state 
senate, serving as a member of the upper house of the general assembly for 
four years. In 1912 he was a candidate for state treasurer, and while he car- 
ried thirty-four out of the thirty-eight counties, he was defeated by the Pierce 
county vote. In 1916 he was again elected to the state senate, in which capacity 
he is now serving. He is an earnest working member of the upper house, care- 
fully -considering the vital questions which come up for settlement, and his 
position in support or opposition of any measure is never an equivocal one. He 
•Stands loyally for what he believes to be the best interests of the commonwealth 
and in his political record he has ever been willing to subordinate personal inter- 
ests to the general good. Mr. and Mrs. Cox are consistent and faithful members 
of the Methodist church and he has had the honor of representing his church 
at the general conference for three successive terms. He is chairman of the 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 151 

board of trustees of the church and does everything in his power to advance 
its cause and extend its influence. While he has won notable success he has 
never made the attainment of wealth the sole ambition of his life. He has 
recognized his duties and obligations in other connections and has stood at all 
times for that which is most worth while in citizenship and in the moral develop- 
ment of the people at large. His life record is characterized by many honor- 
able phases and should well serve as a source of encouragement to others and 
constitute an example which Others may profitably follow. Coming to the west 
empty-handed, he has here intelligently directed his efforts with a result, that 
has been most notable and gratifying, but winning prosperity has been but one 
feature of his activities, for his course has been so directed that he has gained 
not only material success but an honored name as well. 



DAMASE BERGEVIN. 



Damase Bergevin, whose success from the time that he made his initial 
purchase of land in Walla Walla county was rapid and substantial, so that he 
became one of the prosperous farmers of this section of the state and at his 
death left his family in comfortable financial circumstances, was born near 
Quebec, Canada, on the 31st of March, 1840. He came of French ancestry. 
He was there reared with no educational advantages except those found in the 
school of experience. In 1865 he came to W^alla Walla county, Washington, 
after spending a year in St. Joseph, Missouri. On reaching the northwest he 
located in what was then known as French Town, about nine miles west of 
Walla Walla, on the Walla Walla river. Two brothers had preceded him here 
and Mr. Bergevin worked for a time for one of them. Between the years 1875 
and 1878 he was in the employ of Dr. Baker and built the narrow gauge rail- 
road from Wallula to Walla Walla, this being the first railroad in the state of 
Washington. Mr. Bergevin cut the ties for this road and drove them down the 
Yakima river. 

It was not until 1880 that Mr. Bergevin made his first purchase of land. 
At that time he and his brother Clement bought an eighty acre farm and a year 
later the brothers divided their interest and from, that time forward Mr. Ber- 
gevin operated independently. His success from that time forward was rapid 
and he proved not only a very enterprising and progressive farmer but a man 
of excellent ability in managing his financial interests. As his resources increased 
he kept adding to his holdings until he had acquired sixteen hundred and 
twenty-one acres of land in the home farm and also owned six hundred 
and forty acres five miles north of Walla Walla and a tract of one hundred and 
sixty acres at Rulo Station on the Northern Pacific Railroad. His investments 
were most judiciously made and his business affairs carefully managed. He 
seemed to readily recognize the essential in all business transactions and his 
sound judgment and indefatigable enterprise brought to him a very gratifying 
measure of success. In 1892 he was stricken with total blindness, but though 
thus incapacitated in a large measure for the management of his property inter- 
ests he was surrounded by the loving care of his wife, while his four sons 



152 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

assumed business duties and responsibilities and as the years have passed on 
more has been added to the family holdings until the Befgevin interests in Walla 
Walla county are most extensive. 

It was at St. Rose's Catholic Mission church at Frenchtown, July 3, 1881, 
that Mr. Bergevin was united in marriage to Miss Mary P. Allard, a native of 
St. Paul, Minnesota, who came to Walla Walla county with her parents, OHver 
and Leo Cadie (Forest) Allard, in 1862. They crossed the plains with o.x teams, 
meeting the usual experiences of such a trip, and at length located in the little 
hamlet of Walla Walla. The father was a carpenter by trade and assisted in 
large measure in the upbuilding of the town in the early days, erecting many of 
the first buildings in the city. Mrs. Bergevin is now residing in Walla Walla. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Bergevin were born six children: Leona P., now the wife of 
Philip Remillard, a farmer of Walla Walla county ; Joseph Damase, who resides 
on the homestead farm; Arthur A., also engaged in farming; Clement A., who 
lives on the old Bergevin home farm; Clarence C, who was married September 
26, 1917, to Miss Lois Reavis, and is farming in Walla Walla county; and 
.\ugustine A., the wife of Elmer Markham, a farmer of Walla Walla county. 
There are also twelve grandchildren. At one time Arthur and Clarence Ber- 
gevin were engaged in the cultivation of thirteen hundred and fifty acres of 
land, owning five hundred and twenty acres of that amount, but have since 
divided their interests. The former was married September 27, 1916, to Miss 
Margaret Gohres. He is a •.member of the Loyal Order of Moose and, like the 
others of the family, is an adherfent <>f the Catholic church. He has one of the 
best improved farms in the county, pn which is a large, substantial and beauti- 
ful residence with extensive farm buildings, all new, modern and thoroughly 
equipped. In a word, the name Bergevin has come to stand for progress and 
improvement in Walla Walla county. 

In his political views Mr. Bergevin of this review was a democrat and while 
he never took an active part in politics he was interested in the welfare and 
progress of his community and gave his support to all measures which he deemed 
of public benefit. He died on the 31st of July, 191 1, honored and respected by 
all who knew him. His had been a most active and useful life and one which 
was crowned with a very substantial measure of prosperity. In fact his record 
should serve as a source of encouragement and inspiration to others, showing 
what may be accomplished through determined purpose, unfaltering industry 
and sound judg^ient. 



CHARLES MOORE. 



Charles Moore was an early settler of Walla Walla county and for a num- 
ber of years was prominently identified with agricultural, commercial and trans- 
portation interests here, but in 1S82 removed to Moscow, Idaho, where he spent 
much of the remainder of his life, but passed away in Walla Walla. His widow 
in 1907 resumed her residence in Walla Walla and is now well known in the 
city. The birth of Mr. Moore occurred in Ohio, October i, 1841, his parents 
being Amos L. and Mary (Monroe) Moore, the latter's father being a cousin 




CHARLES MOORE 




MRS. JULIA A. MOORE 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 157 

of President James Monroe. The father was born in Delaware and the mother in 
Pennsylvania, but they removed to Ohio at an early day and later to Wisconsin, 
whence in 1869 they came to Walla Walla county, Washington, where they 
resided until called to the home beyond. To them were born five children, of 
whom only one now survives, ex-Governor Miles C. Moore, of Walla Walla. 

Charles Moore was reared in Wisconsin and his early education was that 
afforded by the district schools, while later he attended an academy or seminary, 
and subsequently became a college student. In 1861, when twenty years of age, 
he enlisted in the Union army and went to the front in defense of the stars and 
stripes. In 1862 he was wounded at the battle of Shiloh, or Pittsburg Landing, 
and because of his injuries was honorably discharged. He then returned to the 
north and entered the Wesleyan College of Delaware, Ohio, thus resuming his 
interrupted education. Later he was drafted for service but because of the 
wound he had previously sustained was discharged and went to Wisconsin. He 
was married there in 1864 and in 1865 he and his wife crossed the plains to the 
Pacific northwest by mule team and after reaching Walla Walla county both 
engaged in teaching school. Several years were devoted to that profession, but 
in 1870 Mr. Moore was appointed postmaster of Walla Walla under President 
Grant and held the office for four years. In the meantime, in 1872, he pur- 
chased the old Dr. Whitman Mission Farm and engaged in its operation until 
1878, when he established a farm implement business in connection with his 
brother. Miles C. Moore, at Almota, in Whitman county, to the conduct of which 
he devoted the greater part of his time and attention. He was also agent for the 
Oregon Steam Navigation Company of Portland, Oregon. Mrs.. Moore was the 
active assistant and helper of her husband, doing clerical work in connection 
with the conduct of the postoffice, and the business identified with freight navi- 
gation. Soon he became interested in the building of a telegraph line from 
Colfax to Ulmota, on Snake river, and went up the river and assisted in rafting 
the poles down to be used in the construction of the line. Subsequently he with 
others owned the telegraph line from Dayton to Walla Walla, which was con- 
nected with government telegraph lines. In 1882 he removed to Moscow, Idaho, 
where with his brother. Miles C, later governor of Washington territory, he 
erected a grist mill. Mr. Moore of this review maintained his residence in 
Moscow for a number of years. He became a heavy landowner, his holdings 
including a large tract on the Snake river in Garfield county, Washington, five 
hundred acres of which is still in possession of his widow, and two hundred 
acres near Moscow, Idaho. He was a man of unusual soundness of judgment 
in business affairs and his advice was often sought by others. 

On the 13th of October, 1864, Mr. Moore was united in marriage in Wis- 
consin to Miss Julia A. Kneen. a native of the state of New York and a daughter 
of John and Margaret (Teare) Kneen, both of whom were natives of the Isle 
.of Man. In young manhood and womanhood they emigrated to America and 
settled in the state of New York, whence in 1846 they removed to Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin, while subsequently they became residents of Kilbourn City, Wiscon- 
sin. The mother's death occurred in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, but the father 
survived until 1878. To them were born four children, of whom Mrs. Moore 
is the only one now living. By her marriage she became the mother of four 
children: Harry K., a resident of Walla Walla; Flora P., at home; F. Gushing, 



158 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

who is a mining engineer now in British Coknnbia ; and Edna L., the wife of 
D. F. Baker, of Walla Walla. 

Mr. Moore gave his political support to the republican party and carefully 
studied the questions and issues of the day, but was not a narrow partisan. 
Whatever he undertook he carried forward to successful completion and won 
not only financial independence but also a high place in the esteem of his fellow- 
men. In early manhood he was a member of the Masonic fraternity and ex- 
emplified in his life its beneficent purpose. 

Since her husband's death Mrs. Moore has successfully managed the estate 
and general business interests connected therewith and in 1909 she erected her 
present modern and attractive home on Alvarado terrace in Walla Walla. In 
the meantime, however, following her husband's demise she removed to Cali- 
fornia with her children in order that they might have the benefit of educational 
instruction there and later she established her home in Evanston, Illinois, that 
they might continue their studies in the Northwestern University. In 1896 she 
returned to the old home in Moscow, Idaho, and in 1907 removed to Walla 
Walla, where she has since resided, two years later building her present home. 
She is a member of the Reading Club, one of the oldest clubs of Walla Walla, 
and is active in connection with those interests which work for intellectual 
progress and cultural value. 



G. B. DAGUE. 



G. B. Dague, one of the leading agriculturists of Walla Walla county, where 
his holdings embrace fourteen hundred and seventy acres of valuable land, 
resides on section 25, township 8 north, range 35 east. His birth occurred in Kan- 
sas on the 31st of December, 1871, his parents being Henry H. and Mary Eliza- 
beth (Poomian) Dague, the former a' native of Pennsylvania and the latter of 
Ohio. Soon after their marriage, which was celebrated in the Buckeye state, they 
removed to Jefferson county, Kansas, there residing until the spring of 1872, 
when they took up their abode in western Kansas. There the mother passed away 
in 1881, and the father's last years were spent with his children. 

G. B. Dague was reared under the parental roof and attended the common 
schools in the acquireinent of an education. In 1889, when a youth of eighteen 
years, he made his way westward to the state of W'ashington and for a number 
of years thereafter he worked for others. In 1898 he located permanently in 
Walla Walla county and began farming on his own account, renting a farm near 
Prescott. Five years later he bought his first land, coming into possession of two 
hundred and forty acres near Hadley Station, while two or three years afterward 
he purchased an adjoining tract of one hundred and sixty acres. In May, 1908. 
he purchased what was known as the old Sergeant Smith place of six hundred 
and fifty-three acres and in 191 1 he became the owner of what was known a.s 
the Geaney place of four hundred and seventeen acres, which is his present home 
farm. His holdings in Walla Walla coiuity embrace altogether about fourteen 
hundred and seventy acres, all located in township 8 north, range 35 east, much 
of this being of the very best and most valuable land in the county. Mr. Dague 



OLD \\^\LLA WALLA COUNTY 159 

also has heavy land holdings in Morrow county, Oregon, and in Benton county, 
Washington. His record is indeed commendable and one that should serve to 
inspire and encourage others, showing what may be accomplished by industry, 
perseverance and determination. Twenty-two years ago he was driving a header 
wagon over the land which he now owns and was earning, but a dollar and a 
quarter per day. His present financial condition clearly indicates the progress 
he has made, for, actuated by laudable ambition, he has worked his way steadily 
upward to a position among the most substantial agriculturists of the county. 

On Christmas day of 1901 Mr. Dague was united in marriage to Mrs. Bertha 
L. (Prather) Washburn, by whom he has two children, Georgia E. and George 
Byron. 

He is independent in politics and for thirteen years has ably served as clerk 
of the school district. Fraternally he is identified with Washington Lodge, No. 
19, L O. O. F., of Walla Walla, and he also belongs to the M. W. of P. His 
life has been an active, useful and honorable one, winning for him the high 
regard and esteem of all with whom he has been brought in contact, so that the 
circle of his friends is almost coextensive with the circle of his acquaintance. 



FRANK AHLLER. 



Frank Miller, starting out in the business world as a farm hand when a 
young lad in his teens, is now one of the prosperous citizens of Starbuck, where 
he has extensive realty holdings. He is also the owner of much valuable prop- 
erty and is otherwise connected with the business interests of southeastern 
Washington in a most active and extensive way. He was born in Germany. 
June 24, 1858, and is a son of John and Louisa Miller, who were also natives of 
that country, whence they came to America in 1867. They established their 
home upon a farm in Wisconsin, where they spent their remaining days, being 
long identified with the agricultural interests of that locality. They had a family 
of nine children, but Frank Miller and his sister Josephine are the only ones 
now living. 

Reared and educated in Wisconsin, he is indebted to the public school sys- 
tem of that state for the opportunities which he had to prepare for life's prac- 
tical and responsible duties through the work of the schoolroom. He went to 
Illinois when a lad of fourteen years and there secured employment as a farm 
hand, in which work he engaged until he reached the age of twenty-two. He 
then left the Mississippi valley and made his way to the northwest, arriving in 
Walla Walla county, after which he secured a situation in a brewery in Walla 
Walla, where he remained for four years. He then took up the work of garden- 
ing at Walla Walla, which he followed for a year, after which he rented a farm 
and for six years was engaged in its cultivation. He took up a homestead two 
miles and a half or three miles south of his present home. This he proved up 
on and lived there eight years, after which he sold the place. He then bought 
five hundred acres, mostly wheat land, much of which is irrigated, and he also 
has thirty-five acres planted to alfalfa and to fruit, having one of the fine orch- 
ards of his part of the state. He is likewise a stockholder in the bank at Star- 



160 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

buck and he has made extensive and judicious investments in real estate, owning 
very large property interests in the village. His business affairs have brought 
him very substantial success, for his investments have been judiciously made 
and his untiring industry has also brought splendid returns. 

In 1882 Mr. Miller was united in marriage to Miss Nettie Sack, a native 
of Illinois, and they became the parents of nine children, namely: Louisa, the 
wife of Charles Krause; Simon; Eva, the wife of H. H. Foster; George, who 
married Hazel Schultz; Fred, now in Camp Lewis with the American army; 
and Jesse, Ida, Frank and Grace, all yet at home. The wife and mother died 
September 30, 191 7, and was laid to rest in Starbuck cemetery. She was loved 
and respected by all who knew her. 

In his political views Mr. Miller is a democrat and gives stanch support to 
the party and its principles, although he does not seek or desire public office. 
He is a self-made man, for he started out to provide for his own support 
with no capital whatever and all that he has achieved and enjoyed is attributable 
to his persistent purpose and well-directed energy. He has been both the archi- 
tect and builder of his own fortunes and has builded wisely and well. 



WILLIAM S. MALLOY. ■ 

William S. Malloy, a retired agriculturist residing in Walla Walla, where he 
has the finest home on Washington street, is still the owner of twenty-four 
hundred acres of wheat land which is now being cultivated by a renter. His 
birth occurred in New Brunswick, Canada, on the 17th of June, 1844, his parents 
being John and Catherine (Sutton) Malloy, the former a native of County Wex- 
ford, Ireland, and the latter of New Brunswick. John Malloy was a young man 
of eighteen years when he left the Emerald isle and took up his abode in New 
Brvmswick, where he was married. In 1853 he and his wife crossed the border 
into the United States, establishing their home in Stillwater, Minnesota, where 
Mr. Mallov and two sons, Robert and James, were prominently identified with the 
lumber industry for many years. It was there that his demise occurred in 1871, 
and the mother passed away in 1884. In their family were the following children : 
George, John, Robert, James and William S., of this review. 

William S. Malloy, who was a lad of nine years when he accompanied his 
parents on their removal to Minnesota, acquired his education in the common 
schools of Stillwater, that state. In 1864, when a young man of twenty years, 
he left the parental roof and made his way westward to Montana, and for 
about six years he was employed in the mining fields of Virginia City and in 
Deerlodge county. The year 1870 witnessed his arrival in Walla Walla county, 
Washington, and here he embarked in the cattle business, in which he became 
extensively interested, his large herds roaming the plains on the Columbia, 
Palouse and Snake rivers. At the end of six years, cattle having gone so low 
in price that the business was not promising, he disposed of his cattle and for 
a period of twenty months gave his attention to mining in southern Utah. He 
then returned to Washington, locating in Columbia county, where he became 
engaged in farming and in the stock business, his undertakings in that connection 




WILLIAM S. MALLOY 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 163 

being attended with prosperity that enabled him to add to iiis iioldings from time 
to time until they now embrace twenty-four hundred acres of valuable wheat 
land. In the cultivation and development of this extensive tract he was actively 
engaged until 1917, when he put aside further business cares and is now living 
retired in the enjoyment of well earned rest. In the fall of 1894 he had established 
the family home in the city of Walla Walla and there it has been maintained to 
the present time. Realizing that the public do-main will soon be gone Mr. Malloy 
went to Toole county, Montana, in 1917 and purchased in the northwe.st part of 
that state, east of the Rocky Mountains, twenty-seven hundred acres of land in 
one body, which he is now breaking and seeding and making other improvements 
with the intention of converting it into a farm. 

In 1874 Mr. Malloy was joined in wedlock to Miss Mary P. Lyons, a daughter 
of Dan Lyons, of Lyons Ferry. The seven children of this marriage were as 
follows : William Lee, Robert Ralph and Ernest Lyons, all of whom are deceased ; 
Elizabeth, who is the wife of Oscar Drumlieller, of Walla ^^'alla; Minnie P., at 
home; Thomas D., an agriculturist residing in Columbia county; and Angeline 
M., at home. The wife and mother passed away in May, 1916, and her demise 
was the occasion of deep and widespread regret. 

Mr. Malloy is a democrat in his political views but has never sought nor 
desired office as a reward for his party fealty and in fact has always refused 
official preferment. Fraternally he is identified with the Masons and with the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen. He has now passed the seventy-third mile- 
stone on life's journey and his career has ever been such that he can look back 
over the past without regret and forward to the future without fear. His 
memory compasses the period of pioneer development and later progress here, 
and he has ever borne his share in the work of upbuilding and improvement. 



O. Z. -SKINNER. 



With the development of a district, town or city, real estate activity has much 
to do and one of the most important factors in substantial growth and progress 
is the real estate dealer who wisely directs purchases and sales and thus adds 
much to the beauty and development of the city in which he operates. A notable 
record of success is that of O. Z. Skinner, senior partner of the firm of O. Z. 
Skinner & Company, real estate and insurance agents in Walla Walla. He was 
born in Havana, Mason county, Illinois, December 12, 1853, a son of Orlando and 
Martha (Reeder) Skinner, who were natives of the state of New York and of 
Illinois respectively. They were married in the latter state, to which the father 
had removed in early manhood. He was a well known minister of the Universalist 
church and devoted his life to that cause. In 1910 he came to Walla Walla, 
where he lived retired, making his home with his son, O. Z. Skinner, up to the time 
of his demise, which occurred on the 8th of June, 1914. For a considerable 
period he had survived his wife, who died in February, 1897. 

O. Z. Skinner was educated in the district schools of his native state and 
in the Jefferson Liberal Institute at Jefferson, Wisconsin. After completing 
his education he was for some years engaged in merchandising in Durand, Wis- 



164 OLD WATJ.A WALLA COUNTY 

consin, and still later turned his attention to the dnig business, which he con- 
ducted in Fairmont, Minnesota, for a number of years. He was afterward for 
thirteen years identified with the lumber industry in northern Wisconsin, acquir- 
ing extensive farming lands there also, which during these years he operated in 
connection with the conduct of his lumber interests. The year 1898 witnessed 
the arrival of Mr. Skinner in the northwest. In that year he became a resident of 
Walla Walla and entered the manufacturing field, concentrating his efforts upon 
the manufacture of mattresses and furniture. He continued active along that 
line for five years and then turned his attention to the real estate and insurance 
business, with which he has since been prominently identified. He owns extensive 
timber land in Union county, Oregon, and in the summer of 1917 began cutting tim- 
ber therefrom. He realizes what this state has to offer and has improved its 
natural resources, thereby advancing his individual interests while promoting 
general progress and prosperity. 

On the 18th of September, 1881, Mr. Skinner was married to Miss Ella M. 
Young, of Dunn county, Wisconsin, who was a teacher in the ])ublic schools of that 
county for a number of years. To this marriage have been born three children, 
Arthur, Leslie C. and Ethel V. 

Mr. Skinner gives his political endorsement to the republican party and is 
well informed on the questions and issues of the day. He stands for progress 
along political lines and does everything in his power to advance the success of 
the party, yet does not seek or desire office. He belongs to Blue Mountain Lodge, 
No. 13, F. & A. M., and is a faithful follower of its teachings. Those who know 
him in a business way speak of him as a dominant factor in the upbuilding of 
Walla Walla and as one who has made for himself a notable place especially 
in real estate circles. 



ALFRED L. WICKERSHAM. 

Alfred L. Wickersham, a leading farmer and stock raiser of Walla Walla 
township, Walla Walla county, holds title to two valuable ranches and is meeting 
with signal success in the management of his afifairs. He was bom in Walla 
Walla county, February 7, 1871, a son of John and Christina (Albertson) 
Wickersham, natives of Ohio, who removed to this county in 1862. For a 
number of years the father devoted his time and attention to freighting, as there 
were then no railroads in this entire section, hauling freight from Wallula to the 
mines at Umatilla Landing, Boise and many other ])oints, also the fort at Boise, 
to Fort Lapwai and Fort Colville. At length he purchased eighty acres of land, 
including the site of the present race track at Walla Walla and followed farming 
during the remainder of his active life. He passed away September 19, 1906. 
The mother, however, is still living and makes her home with a son. Ten 
children were born to their union but only five survive. 

Alfred L. Wickersham grew to manhood in his native county and his educa- 
tion was that afforded by the public schools. By the time that he reached man's 
estate he was a good practical farmer, having received training in the cultivation 
of the soil and the care of stock from his father. He purchased the farm on 



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OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 167 

Mill creek in Walla Walla township, where he still makes his home and which 
comprises three hundred and fifty-five acres. He also owns three hundred and 
twenty acres of fine pasture land and in addition to growing wheat and other 
crops suited to this section he raises stock on an extensive scale and has found 
that business likewise profitable. 

Mr. Wickersham is a stanch democrat, his political belief coinciding in large 
measure with the principles of that party. Although he has never failed to do 
his part in furthering the progress of his community, he has not taken a promi- 
nent part in politics, having no desire to hold office. He is a man of unassuming 
disposition and of genuine worth and his energy, his sound judgment and his 
unquestioned integrity have gained for him the respect of his fellowmen. 



JONATHAN PETTIJOHN. 

Jonathan Pettijohn, who was an honored pioneer settler and valued citizen 
of Walla Walla county, was born in Ohio, January 13, 1827, but when still a 
boy emigrated with his parents to Edgar county, Illinois, where he remained 
until he was twenty-three years of age. He assisted his widowed mother in 
rearing the family of children, of whom he was the eldest. In the year 1850 the 
lure of gold attracted him to the west. He^and three companions started for 
California on horseback, and as some of their;fliprses. died en route they walked 
much of the way. On reaching the Golden 54346-, J^r. PettijQhn at once went to 
work in the mines, where he met with fair success, thiere remaining for two 
years. He then removed to Oregon, settling in HarrisbttTg, Linn county, where 
he was married to Miss Hannah Warner rn~t!!e'year -1853., , They took up their 
abode on a claim and Mr. Pettijohn followed farming. In 1859 he came with 
his family to Walla Walla county, Washington, and settled on a claim in the 
beautiful Touchet valley. He spent the winter of 1859 and i860 here and early 
in the spring went to the Willamette, after which he removed his family to this 
valley. Their home was situated a few miles below the present town site of 
PrescOtt. He erected a log cabin which still stands as a monument to the early 
days. He brought with him to this county a band of fine horses and some cattle 
and, like most of the early settlers, engaged in stock raising. Starting with one 
hundred and sixty acres of land, during the course of years he kept gradually 
acquiring more land until finally he owned about thirty-four hundred acres of 
valuable farming and pasture land, on which he had large herds of fine horses 
and cattle. Later in life, when the stock business began to wane on account 
of the disappearance of the free range, he plowed up his holdings and became 
a wheat farmer in earnest. 

Mr. and Mrs. Pettijohn reared a large family of seven sons and two daugh- 
ters, namely : Thomas, Amas, Eli and John H., all of whom were born in 
Oregon; and Huldah, A. L., Sherman, Calvin and Mary, who were natives of 
Washington. All are now living but two, Eli and Mrs. Huldah Richmond. 
Of those surviving all are married except the youngest son, and are fairly pros- 
perous, enjoying the possessions bequeathed them by their frugal parents. All 
are still residents of Walla Walla county. 



168 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Mr. Pettijohn assisted three territories over the threshold into statehood 
by voting for the state constitutions of Cahfornia, Oregon and Washington, and 
he was a delegate to the constitutional convention of Washington. In the way 
of public education he was indeed a benefactor. Public money for school pur- 
poses was often inadequate to meet the teacher's salary. He felt that the school 
must be maintained at any cost so he often paid most of the amount of the 
salary out of his own pocket. He believed in the employment of thoroughly 
efificient and competent teachers and some of the best teachers that the country 
afforded taught in that little country school near his home and received a salary 
equal to any. Another work in which Mr. Pettijohn deserves creditable men- 
tion was in connection with a scheme that was put forth to bond Walla Walla 
county for three hundred thousand dollars to subsidize a railroad company. Mr. 
Pettijohn with a number of others enjoined the county from making the appro- 
priation, although many were in favor of the issue. There was a very wordy 
war between the two factions and every inducement was brought to bear upon 
Mr. Pettijohn, the leader, to change his course, but with characteristic determi- 
nation he stood for what he conceived to be right and and won out. In after 
years many thanked him for the stand he had taken, as time has justified the 
wisdom and value of his position. 

Mr. Pettijohn was of a very sturdy type of manhood and a splendid representa- 
tive of the class of hardy pioneers, who helped to make this county what it is — 
a land of fine schools and beautiful homes. Along in the early '60s mines were 
discovered in Idaho, Montana and Oregon and supplies were necessary for the 
miners in the various camps. So the settlers fitted out pack trains or freight 
wagons and packed or hauled freight to all points where needed, the pay being 
sufficient to make it very profitable. Mr. Pettijohn chose the ox team and freight 
wagon for his and for a number of years spent much time on the road freighting. 
His wife remained at home caring for her family amid the dangers and hardships 
incident to pioneer life. She was a woman of rare courage, going calmly about 
her duties with hordes of half-savage Indians camped at her very door. On 
occasions they would creep up and peer in at the window as she sat at her work. 
She pretended not to notice them, knowing that if she showed fear or concern 
they would become insolent. Not one of these noble women but met with expe- 
riences that would make the bravest heart quail, yet they never complained, 
for it seemed a part of life's duties to endure without a murmur. 

Mr. Pettijohn passed away in June, 1913, at a ripe old age, joining that large 
number who have left very thin the ranks of the real pioneers remaining. His 
memory, however, is enshrined in the hearts of many who knew him and long 
years will pass before his work in the community will be forgotten. 



ELLERY T. NELSON. 



Ellery J. Nelson is engaged in general farming on section 30, township 8 
north, range 36 east, Walla Walla county, and it was upon this farm that he 
was bom on the 22d of August, 1871, a son of Hiram and Sarah (Mclnroe) 
Nelson. He was educated in the Valley Grove district school and also in the 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 169 

Walla Walla Business College, thus becoming well equipped for life's practi- 
cal and responsible duties. His youth was also largely devoted to farm work 
and he early became familiar with the best methods of tilling the soil and 
caring for the crops. After reaching young manhood he continued to assist 
his father in his extensive farming operations and was thus engaged until 
1900, when he began farming on his own account. He is now operating a 
portion of his father's landed holdings and is ranked among the successful 
and progressive agriculturists of the county. He pursues the most thoroughly 
up-to-date methods in caring for his fields, and in the cultivation of his crops 
is meeting with excellent success, annually gathering substantial harvests. 

On the 1st of July, 1915, Mr. Nelson was united in marriage to Miss Julia 
Kane, of St. Louis, Missouri, and to them were bom two sons, Ellery J., 
Jr., deceased, and Joseph Vincent. In his political views Mr. Nelson has 
always been a republican since attaining his majority, and while he does not 
seek nor desire office he is always loyal to the best interests of the community 
and gives active aid and cooperation to many measures for the benefit of town 
and county. He concentrates his efforts and attention upon his farming inter- 
ests, which are wisely and carefully directed, and as the years pass by he is 
meeting with a gratifying measure of success. 



WILLIAM E. GROSS. 



William E. Gross, a resident farmer of Walla Walla township who is en- 
gaged in dairying and stock raising, was born in Davis county, Iowa, on the 15th 
of February, 1858, his parents being B. H. and Julia A. (Rice) Gross, the for- 
mer a native of Illinois, while the latter was born in Ohio. They resided for 
some time in Iowa and then determined to cross the plains, making the journey 
with ox teams. This was in the year 1862. They first settled in Nevada, where 
they resided for eight years, and then removed to northern California, where 
they remained for a decade. On the expiration of that period, or in the fall of 
1880, they came to Walla Walla county, Washington, where they took up their 
abode upon a farm which continued to be their home until a few years before 
they were called to their final rest. They moved to Walla Walla, where they 
passed the last years of their lives. They had a family of nine children, of whom 
six are now living. 

William E. Gross was largely reared and educated in Nevada and in Califor- 
nia, his opportunities being those offered by the common schools. He studied 
through the winter months and in the summer seasons aided in the farm work. 
When his textbooks were put aside he concentrated his entire attention upon 
farming and became identified with the agricultural interests of Walla Walh 
county, where he owned nine hundred and sixty acres of valuable land. He 
afterward disposed of the more extensive tract and bought the farm upon which 
he now resides, comprising one hundred and sixty-seven acres. This he has since 
improved with fine buildings. He now makes a specialty of dairying and has an 
excellent herd of Holstein cattle. His dairy is well equipped in every particular 
and he has the most sanitary arrangements for the care of the milk and the 



170 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

handling of his products. He also engaged in raising Duroc Jersey hogs and his 
live stock interests as well as his dairying constitute important features of his 
business. 

On the nth of December, 1881, Mr. Gross was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary E. Cusker, who was born in Walla Walla county and is a daughter of 
James and Clementine (Hay worth) Cusker, the former a native of Washington, 
D. C, while the latter was born in Indiana. The father made his way westward 
to Oregon when a youth of but thirteen years and later he became a resident of 
Walla Walla county. Over forty years ago he settled up>on the farm now occu- 
pied by Mr. and Mrs. Gross and both he and his wife died upon this place. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Gross have been bom six children: Elsie R., at home; Mabel 
A., the wife of E. Fluke, who has now departed this life; James B., at home; 
Orien W. ; ■Myron W. ; and Myrtle Irene. , 

Mr. Gross holds membership wnth the Ancient Order of United Workmen 
and is a member of the Christian church, guiding his life by its teachings and 
conforming his actions to its principles. He has been progressive in all that he 
has undertaken and in his business affairs has shown sound judgment and keen 
discrimination. He has never been afraid of hard work nor of close application 
and is numbered among those who, taking advantage of the great natural re- 
sources of the northwest, have won success, gaining a place among the most 
substantial citizens of this part of the state. 



HOX. CHESTER F. MILLER. 

Hon. Chester F. Miller is judge of the superior court of the district which 
embraces Columbia. Garfield and Asotin counties of Washington. He resides in 
Dayton and is one of the honored and distinguished residents of the southeastern 
part of the state. He has lived in the same voting precinct for fifty-seven years 
and has thus been closely associated with the development and progress of his 
section of the state from jjionecr times to the present. Nature endowed him with 
keen intellect and he has constantly developed his powers until he is recognized 
as the peer of the ablest jurists who have sat upon the bench of the superior court 
in the northwest. He was born in Linn county, Oregon, Januarj' 6. i860, a son 
of George W. and Sarah E. (Ping) Miller, both of whom were natives of In- 
diana. The father was born in Crawfordsville, that state, on the 6th of April, 
1S30, and was a son of John Miller, a native of Tennessee, who in turn was a 
son of John Miller, a Revolutionary war soldier. George W. Miller crossed the 
plains with his parents to Oregon in 1851, the journey being made with ox teams 
and wagon. The family home was established on a donation claim in Linn 
county and George W. Miller also took up a claim near Albany, where the parents 
settled. He served in the Indian wars of 1855 and in i860 he came to Washing- 
ton, taking up a homestead where the city of Dayton now stands. Later he 
sold that property and removed to Garfield county. His wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Sarah F. Ping, crossed the plains with her parents in 1852, the 
Ping family settling in Linn county. Oregon. 

Judge Chester Franklin Miller was an infant of but six months when his 




CHESTER F. MILLER. 



THE MF-.V YORK 
PUBLIC L!£«N^ARY 

AST if- 
\ nun -ir.Nk 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 173 

parents arrived at what is now Dayton. He acquired his early education in the 
district school, heing a pupil in the little old schoolhouse on the hill, and he at- 
tributes much of his later success in life to the thoroughness of his instruction 
at that period, his teacher being the Hon. Oliver C. White, who was then a coun- 
try school teacher. Subsequently Judge Miller attended a private school in Day- 
ton for two years and there prepared for college under the preceptorship of the 
Hon. J. E. Edmiston, who was at that time one of the instructors in the Dayton 
College. Mr. Edmiston and Judge Miller were afterward law partners, their 
association being maintained for nine years. In 1878 Judge Miller entered the 
Willamette University at Salem, Oregon, where he continued his studies for a 
year and still later became a student in the Oregon State University, from which 
he was graduated with honors in the class of 1882. Three years later his alma 
mater conferred upon him the degree of Master of Arts. Following his gradu- 
ation he returned to Dayton and while acting as deputy clerk of the district court 
he read law under the direction of Colonel Wyatt A. George, the nestor of the 
Columbia county bar, who was known as "Old Equity" by his fellow prac- 
titioners. 

In 1886 Judge Miller was admitted to the bar by Judge Langford on the 
recommendation of T. J. Anders, D. J. Crowley and R. F. Sturdevant, his ex- 
amining committee, and soon afterward entered the "office of M. A. Baker and 
commenced the practice of law. In 1889 he formed a law partnership with the 
Hon. J. E. Edmiston, which continued until the close of the year 1890, when Mr. 
Edmiston was elected prosecuting attorney. Judge, Riiller and- his brother-in-law, 
Charles R. Dorr, then became partners and in T895:„r;tii,pan the .death of Mr. Dorr, 
Judge Miller again entered into partnershipi- relations with Mr. lidmiston, with 
whom he continued to practice until the lattdr'j .death' in i90P- No dreary novi- 
tiate awaited Judge Miller. Almost from the" xjntset he-was accorded a liberal 
practice which constantly grew in volume and importance as the years went on. 
He won for himself very favorable criticism for the careful and systematic 
methods which he followed. He has remarkable powers of concentration and 
application and his retentive mind has often excited the surprise of his profes- 
sional colleagues. As an orator he ranks high, especially in the discussion of legal 
matters before the court, where his comprehensive knowledge of the law is 
manifest and his application of legal principles demonstrates the wide range of 
his professional acquirements. It was but natural that the ability which he dis- 
played in his profession should win for him the recognition that demanded his 
service in public office. In 1893 he was elected mayor of Dayton and he served 
at different periods as city attorney and clerk of the city of Dayton. In 1900 
he was elected to the office of superior judge and was reelected to that position 
in 1904 by a greatly increased majority. Reelection has since continued him 
upon the bench of the superior court, where he has displayed a masterful grasp 
of every problem presented for solution. Moreover, his decisions indicate strong 
mentality, careful analysis, a thorough knowledge of the law and an unbiased 
judgment. 

On the 24th of May, 1888, Judge Miller was united in marriage to Miss Nettie 
Dorr, a daughter of Dr. J. C. and Ellen R. Dorr, who were among the earliest 
settlers of California, and in 1879 came to Columbia county, Washington. The 
father was a member of the California Legislature of 1864 and later became recog- 



174 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

nizecl as one of the prominent and distinguished citizens of this state. Judge 
and Mrs. Miller are the parents of six daughters, namely: Haidee, Sarah, Hilda, 
Conchita, Luneta and Alice. 

There is an interesting military chapter in the life record of Judge Miller, 
who was captain of Company F of the First Washington Volunteer Infantry 
during the Spanish-American war, being mustered into the United States service 
with his company on the nth of May, i8g8. He sailed with his regiment for 
the Philippines in October of that year and there acquitted himself with credit 
until incapacitated by illness, when he was sent home and on the 12th of May, 
1899, was honorably discharged from the service. Judge Miller is a past com- 
mander of Dayton Lodge, No. 3, K. P. ; a past master of Dayton Lodge, No. 53, 
F. & A. M.; a past high priest of Dayton Chapter, No. 5, R. A. M. ; a past grand 
of Patit Lodge, No. 10, L O. O. F. ; a past chief patriarch of Franklin Encamp- 
ment, No. 13, L O. O. F. ; and past grand master of the grand lodge of Odd 
Fellows of the state of Washington. He also has membership with the Wood- 
men, the Workmen, the Ea.stern Star, the Rebekahs and the Rathbone Sisters. 
• Such in brief is the record of Judge Miller, one of the oldest of the pioneer set- 
tlers of Columbia county who can- claim to be a native son, one of the most pro- 
gressive citizens and one of the most eminent jurists of southeastern Washing- 
ton. His name is written high on the roll of honor in Columbia county and his 
seventeen years' service on the bench indicates that he possesses the broad- 
mindedness which not only comprehends the details of a situation quickly but 
also which insures a complete self-control under even the most exasperating 
conditions. He has made a splendid record in the discharge of his multitudinous, 
often delicate, duties and is spoken of by his colleagues and contemporaries as a 
man of well rounded character, finely balanced mind and of splendid intellectual 
attainments. 



CLARK WALTER. 



In this day of international warfare one is apt to think back over the history 
of the country to see what is the American record in times of strife. History 
presents many tales of heroism, showing that the American character is one that 
measures up to full standards of loyalty, of duty and of courage. Among those 
who fought for the preservation of the Union during the dark days of the Civil 
war was Clark Walter, who is now a retired farmer residing in W^alla W'alla. 

Mr. Walter was born near South Bend, Indiana, on the 7th of April, 1841, 
a son of Lucius and Adaline (Fellows) Walter, the former a native of the 
state of New York, while the latter was probably born in Connecticut. They 
were married in the Empire state and became parents of two children there 
before they removed to Michigan about 1839 or 1840. The mother's people had 
preceded them to that state but after a brief period passed in Michigan, Mr. 
and Mrs. Walter went to Indiana, establishing their home near Notre Dame. 
At a later period, however, they returned to Michigan, where the death of the 
mother occurred in 1853. The father afterward married Miss Anna Dopp and 
continued to reside in Michigan until called to th^home beyond. 




MR. AND MRS. CLARK WALTER 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 177 

Clark Walter was reared in that state and pursued a common school education 
there. He was twenty years of age when in April, 1861, he responded to the 
country's call for troops, enlisting for three months as a member of the Second 
Michigan Infantry. It was soon seen, however, that the war was to be no 
mere holiday affair and he offered his services for three years, joining the amiy 
on the 30th of July, 1861, in response to the call for three years' men. He was 
mustered in as a member of Company A, Sixth Michigan Volunteer Infantry, 
and at Baltimore, Maryland, was assigned to General Dixie's command. The 
army remained in Baltimore until February, 1862, when they were sent to 
Fort Monroe and afterward to Ship Island in the Gulf of Mexico for the attack 
on New Orleans. After General Farragut's capture of New Orleans they went 
on transports up the river to Vicksburg and later returned to Baton Rouge. 
Louisiana. On the 14th of October, 1862, Mr. Walter was honorably discharged 
from the service on account of disability. He had participated in a number of 
important engagements and at all times had proven his marked loyalty to the 
cause which he espoused. 

After receiving an honorable discharge Mr. Walter returned to Michigan 
and in 1864 he crossed the plains to California, making the trip for the benefit 
of his health, which was still impaired because of the rigors of his military serv- 
ice. In the fall of 1865 he returned eastward as far as Minnesota, taking up 
his abode in Dakota county. He afterward removed to Sibley county, that state. 
He had married in Michigan in 1864, prior to crossing the plains, and with his 
family he continued his residence in Minnesota until 1877, when he once more 
crossed the plains, this time accompanied by his wife and three children. Arriving 
in Oregon, he settled near Athena in Umatilla county, where he purchased a 
quarter section of railroad land and began farming. He had used his homestead 
right in Minnesota, but the grasshopper scourge which continued; ;for four years 
in that state caused him to lose all that he had, -so that he came to Oregon with 
but very little money. He acquired two hundred and forty acres in his home 
place, on which he resided until 1898, when he removed to Walla Walla in order 
to give his children the advantages offered by the city schools. He has here since 
made his home and is one of the valued and respected residents. 

On the 7th of March, 1864, Mr. Walter was united in marriage to Miss 
Hannah B. Kinsey, and they became the parents of eight children, six of whom 
still survive, namely: Mabel L., who is the wife of Dr. J. A. Moffitt, of Sacra- 
mento, California; Charles A., who follows farming in Walla Walla county;. 
Edith, who is a Sister of St. Francis in the convent at Pendleton and is a painter 
and musician of ability, teaching both arts at the convent; John C, who operates a 
farm of his own and also his father's place in Umatilla county, Oregon ; Francis 
H., who is a resident of Pierce county, Washington ; and Gertrude, who is the wife 
of Elmer T. Matheny, of Walla Walla. 

Mrs. Walter is descended from Revolutionary stock, her maternal great-grand- 
father having served for seven years in the war for independence. His sister, 
Deborah Sampson, also served as a common soldier in that war. being disguised 
as a man and known by the name of Robert Shurtliff. She carried a gun and 
participated in numerous battles, being twice wounded, once through the arm 
and later through the breast. She recovered and subsequently married. She was 
received by General Washington, who conferred honors upon her, and she was 



178 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

one of the few women given a life pension by our go\ernment. AL's. Walter's 
grandfather Sampson was a soldier of the War of 1812. 

In his political views Mr. Walter is a stalwart democrat, and while never an 
aspirant for public office, he has repeatedly been honored in local affairs. lie was 
elected to the board of county commissioners of Sibley county, Minnesota. He 
served as justice of the peace, as town clerk and as assessor in Sibley county 
and after his removal to the west was appointed to fill a vacancy on the board of 
county commissioners of Umatilla county, Oregon, and was twice thereafter regu- 
larly elected thereto, serving for six years. He was a member of the board and 
one of the leading factors in the building of the new one hundred thousand dollar 
courthouse of Umatilla county. He served continuously as a member of the 
school board almost from the time of his arrival in Umatilla county until his 
removal to Walla Walla. Fraternally Mr. Walter is connected with Blue Moun- 
tain Lodge, No. 13, F. & A. M., with A. Lincoln Post, No. 4, G. A. R., and is 
most loyal to the teachings and purposes of these organizations. Through his 
connection with the latter he maintains pleasant associations with his old army 
comrades and proudly wears the little bronze button that proclaims him as one 
of the "boys in blue." There is in his life record nothing spectacular but his 
career' is one that places him with the substantial citizens of the northwest — 
men who have consistently done their duty year by year and in the legitimate 
advancement of their own fortunes have contributed to the upbuilding and pros- 
perity of the district in which they live. 



CHARLES COYLE. 



Charles Coyle is a partner in the firm of Coyle Brothers, well known dairy 
farmers of Walla Walla county. His home is on section 27, township 7 north, 
range 35 east. He was born in Oregon, September 14, 1865, and is a son of 
James Coyle, who is mentioned elsewhere in this work in connection with the 
sketch of Byrd Coyle. He came to Walla Walla county when but a year old, 
the parents removing with their family to this state. He has since lived upon the 
farm which he now occupies and which is therefore endeared to him through 
the associations of boyhood as well as those of later years. He acquired a com- 
mon school education and when not busy with his textbooks his attention was 
given to the work of the fields, for he was early trained to the tasks of plowing, 
planting and harvesting. He remained at home until he attained his majority, 
since which time he and his brothers have carried on farming together and have 
long made a specialty of dairying. In this business they are very successful and 
for that purpose they keep a large herd of fine cattle. Everything about their 
dairy is in excellent condition. Their arrangements are of the most sanitary and 
the products of their dairy find a ready sale on the market. 

In 191 1 Mr. Coyle was married to Miss Lela Truitt, a native of Missouri, 
who in 1909 became a resident of Walla Walla, where her parents are still living. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Coyle have been born three children, Inez M., C. Bruce and 
Maxine. The parents are members of the Christian church and in politics Mr. 
Coyle is a democrat. He has served as school director and as school clerk in his 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 179 

district and is interested in all that tends to promote educational progress. In 
fact he stands for advancement and improvement along all lines and is acknowl- 
edged a man of worth, highly esteemed wherever known and most of all where 
he is best known. 



CLYDE H. BROWN. 



Farming interests of Walla Walla county find a worthy representative in 
Clyde H. Brown, who is living on section 4, township 9 north, range 36 east. 
He was born in Waitsburg, this county, on the i8th of June, 1877, a son of 
Albert N. and Justina (Kent) Brown. The father was a native of Iowa and 
the mother of Illinois, but they were married in Kansas, where they had lived 
for some years, each removing to that state with their parents. In 1876 they 
came to the Pacific coast, making their way westward by train to San Fran- 
cisco and thence by boat to Portland. The following fall and winter were spent 
in the Willamette valley and in the spring of 1877 they came by wagon and 
team to Walla Walla county, Washington, taking up their abode upon a home- 
stead claim two miles north of Waitsburg. The father proved up on this prop- 
erty and there resided for five years. He afterward removed to a small place 
one mile west of Waitsburg, upon which he also spent five years. At the expira- 
tion of that period he sold the property and purchased the Bolles Junction ranch 
of four hundred and twenty acres half way between Waitsburg and Prescott. 
Upon that place he lived for thirteen years and then disposed of the property 
and purchased the farm upon which his son Clyde H. now resides, adjoining 
the city limits of Prescott. Here he owned nine hundred acres of land which he 
continued to cultivate and improve up to the time of his death in January, 191 1. 
His widow is still living and makes her home with her son Clyde. 

A western man by birth, training and preference, Clyde H. Brown displays 
in his life the spirit of enterprise and progress which have ever been a domi- 
nant factor in the upbuilding of this section of the country. He was educated 
in the Bolles Junction school and in the Waitsburg public schools and was early 
trained to the work of the farm, assisting in the tasks of plowing, planting and 
harvesting from early boyhood. On account of his father's ill health the man- 
agement of the farm devolved upon him when he was yet a young man and he 
has since continued in control, carefully and wisely directing the development 
and further improvement of the place. He has brought the fields under a high 
state of cultivation and upon the farm there are substantial buildings which 
indicate the care and supervision of the owner. He seems to lose sight of noth- 
ing that should be accomplished in the work of further developing his place 
and his labors have brought substantial results. 

On the 15th of September, 1899, Mr. Brown was united in marriage to Miss 
Ethel Miller, of Bolles Junction, and to them have been born two sons and a 
daughter, Myrle, Duane and Iris. 

In his political views Mr. Brown is a stalwart republican. He belongs to 
Waitsburg Lodge, No. 16, F. & A. M. ; Walla Walla Chapter. No. i, R. A. M. ; 
Washington Commandery, K. T., of Walla Walla; and El Katif Temple, A. A. 



180 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

O. N. M. S., of Spokane. He also has membership with Prescott Lodge, No. 
46, L O. O. F., and he and his wife are members of Waitsburg Chapter of the 
Order of the Eastern Star. Mrs. Brown is also connected with the Methodist 
Episcopal church. They are widely and favorably known in their part of Walla 
Walla county and have an extensive circle of warm friends who esteem them 
highly. Their social qualities, their loyalty in citizenship and their devotion to 
the best interests of the community insure for them an enviable position in the 
public regard. 



ANDY TAYLOR. 



Andy Taylor, one of the extensive wheat growers of Walla Walla county, 
within the borders of which he has resided for the past three decades, makes his 
home in the city of Walla Walla. For some years he engaged in the cultivation 
of seven hundred and ninety-seven acres of land nine miles north of Prescott 
and also operates a tract of two thousand acres under lease. His birth occurred 
in Greene county, Tennessee, on the 15th of July, 1857, his parents being William 
and Susan (Carey) Taylor, who were also natives of that state. In 1889, one 
year after the arrival of their son Andy, they made their way to the Pacific coast 
countrj' and for a time resided in Oregon. Subsequently, however, they took 
up their abode in Walla Walla and here spent the remainder of their lives. 

Andy Taylor spent the first nineteen years of his life in the state of his 
nativity and about 1876 removed to Petersburg, Illinois, where he was actively 
engaged in general agricultural pursuits for more than a decade. It was in 
1887 that he came to Walla Walla county, Washington, and here he was employed 
as a ranch hand for a period of five years. At the end of that time, in 1893, 
he took up a homestead ten miles north of Walla Walla, residing thereon for 
five years or until he established the family home in the city of Walla Walla, 
where it has since been maintained. In the fall of 1917 he disposed of his tract 
north of Prescott. The prosperity which he now enjoys is indeed well merited, 
for he has ever manifested industry, enterprise and keen discrimination and in 
the management of his extensive interests has been notably practical, persistent 
and progressive. 

In 1884 Mr. Taylor was united in marriage to Miss Mollie C. Ragsdill, of 
Menard county, Illinois, by whom he has two sons : Lowell Oakley, a successful 
agriculturist of Walla Walla county ; and Brooks Andy, who engages in wheat 
growing with his father. Although a grandmother Mrs. Taylor is now a student 
at .St. Paul's School, where she expects to complete the school work begun in her 
girlhood, having a great desire for a higher education than she could obtain at 
that time. This is very unusual for a woman past fifty years of age but shows 
her strength of character and perseverance. Mr. Taylor gives his political 
allegiance to the republican party, which he has supported since age conferred 
upon him the right of franchise. Fraternally he is identified with the following 
organizations: Blue Mountain Lodge, No. 13, F. & A. M.; Walla Walla Chapter, 
No. I, R. A. M.; Enterprise Lodge, No. 2, I. O. O. F. ; Walla Walla Encamp- 
ment, No. 3, I. O. O. F. ; and Walla Walla Lodge, No. 287, B. P. O. E. Mr. 




ANDY TAYLOR 



/•# ¥^»K. 




MRS. ANDY TAYLOR 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 185 

Taylor and his two sons are all thirty-second degree Masons as well as members 
of the Odd Fellows lodge and encampment, while his wife and sons are identified 
with the Order of the Eastern Star, and Mrs. Taylor is a member of the Daugh- 
ters of Rebekahs. Mr. Taylor is also a member of the Farmers Union and is 
widely and favorably known in Walla Walla county, where he has won friends 
and fortune. 



ALBERT R. MATTOON. 

Albert R. Mattoon is a representative farmer of Walla Walla county who de- 
serves mention among the self-made men. He had no assistance when he started 
out in the business world but early realized that energy and effort will bring 
substantial results and by reason of his unfaltering diligence he has gained a place 
among the leading farmers of his section of the county. He was born in Oregon, 
July 12, 1853, and is the only child of Aruna and Eliza A. (TrulHnger) Mattoon. 
The father was a native of the state of New York, while the mother was born 
in Indiana. It was in 1847 that they crossed the plains, making the journey with 
ox teams and taking up their abode near Oregon City, Oregon. Mr. Mattoon 
secured a donation claim, upon which not a furrow had been turned nor an im- 
provement made, and there he built a log cabin. The family lived in true pioneer 
style, for the work of progress and development had scarcely been begun in that 
region. The Indians far outnumbered the white settlers ; the forests stood in their 
primeval strength ; the streams were unbridged and the land uncultivated. Only 
here and there had some venturesome spirit penetrated into the wildernesses of 
the west in order to found a home and engage in business. Mr. Mattoon began 
the development of his farm and continued his residence in Oregon until his 
demise, but his widow afterward removed to Washington and spent her last days 
in Wala Walla county. 

Albert R. Mattoon was reared and educated in Oregon and remained a resi- 
dent of that state until 1878, when, at the age of twenty-five years he came to 
Washington and has since made his home in Walla Walla county save for a 
brief period. After taking up his abode in the city of Walla Walla he was 
there engaged in the implement business for fifteen years, ranking with its leading 
and representative merchants. He then sold his store and returned to Oregon, 
going first to Riddle, where he engaged in merchandising for seven years. He 
then disposed of his store at that place and removed to Portland, where he en- 
gaged in the real estate business until 1913, when he returned to Walla Walla. He 
then took up his abode upon the farm on which he now resides, having sixty 
acres of land on which is raised corn, hay, wheat and garden produce. At the 
present time, however, he rents most of his land and is now practically living 
retired. 

On the 7th of November. 1880, Mr. Mattoon was married to Mrs. Nancy Jane 
Knight, a native of Missouri, and to them have been born two sons : Arthur R., 
who is now living in Portland, Oregon ; and Fred V., who is successfully engaged 
in the hotel business at Wenatchee, Washington. By her first marriage Mrs. 
Mattoon has one son, P. B. Knight, who resides in Walla Walla. She is a daughter 



186 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

of William Bartlett and Mary (Weaver) Braden, natives of Kentucky and North 
Carolina respectively. They were married, however, in Tennessee, and from that 
state removed to Illinois about 1838. Ten years later they went to Missouri, 
where Mr. Braden died in 1S66. In 1872 Mrs. Braden came with her daughter to 
Walla Walla county, Washington, and here she passed away at the home of Mrs. 
Mattoon in 1887. She was the mother of twelve children, but only three now 
survive. In 1873 her daughter, Nancy Jane, became the wife of William C. 
Knight, who died about a year later. 

In his political views Mr. Mattoon has always been a stalwart republican 
since age conferred upon him the right of franchise and he represented Douglas 
county, Oregon, for two years in the state legislature, during which period he 
was instrumental by his vote in electing John H. Mitchell to the office of United 
States senator. For some years he served on the school board and the cause of 
education has ever found in him a stalwart supporter. He also belongs to the Odd 
Fellows lodge at Roseburg, Oregon, and his life is an exemplification of its 
teachings concerning the brotherhood of man and the obligations thereby im- 
posed. In all of his business career he has shown ready adaptability and resource- 
fulness, combined with energy and enterprise, and whatever he has undertaken he 
has carried forward to successful completion. The record which he has made 
is a very creditable one and his life history shows that success and an honored 
name may be won simultaneously. 



HORACE G. HART. 



Horace G. Hart is spoken of by friends and neighbors as a man of high pur- 
pose that has found expression in his daily conduct. He is now engaged in 
general farming on section 3, township 9 north, range 36 east, in Walla Walla 
county. He was bom in Macon county, Missouri, on the 7th of September, 1858, 
a son of Horace and Margaret E. (Mercer) Hart. The father was a native of 
Connecticut and the mother of Kentucky. The former first crossed the plains 
in 1846, making his way to Spalding's mission at Lapwai, Idaho, Mr. Spalding's 
first wife having been his sister. In the fall of 1848, when gold was first dis- 
covered in California, he went to that state and subsequently he crossed the 
continent four times, twice by way of the Isthmus route and once around the 
Horn. He was married on the 22d of November, 1855, ^nd in 1864 he brought 
his family across the plains, making his way to the Touchet valley, where he 
established his home about twenty miles north of Walla Walla. There he became 
actively identified with farming and stock raising and acquired two hundred and 
forty acres of land, upon which he spent his remaining days, passing away 
September i, 1892, when in his eightieth year. His experiences were broad and 
varied, acquainting him with all phases of mining life and with all phases of pioneer 
life in the far west. On the 2gth of May, 1893, his wife passed away when sixty- 
nine years of age. 

Horace G. Hart was reared under the parental roof upon the western frontier, 
having been but six years of age when the family came to Washington. His edu- 
cation was acquired in the district schools and as early as his eighteenth year he 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 187 

began farming on his own account, operating his father's fann, which he continued 
to manage until after his father's death. In the meantime, on attaining his major- 
ity, he filed on a homestead adjoining his father's place and continued its cultiva- 
tion in connection with the further development of the old homestead. Follow- 
ing his father's demise he came into possession of the farm on which he still re- 
sides, but has sold much of the land, retaining one hundred acres as a home. His 
career has been that of a very busy man. He has closely applied himself to the 
care and management of his property interests and he has long ranked with the 
leading and representative agriculturists of his section of the state. 

On the 28th of March, 1881, Mr. Hart was united in marriage to Miss Ollie 
L. McKinzie, of Walla Walla, a daughter of Isaac McKinzie, one of the early 
settlers of the county. To this union have been born ten children : Myrtle A., 
the wife of Daniel Callahan, a farmer of this county ; Carl E.. of Waitsburg, Wash- 
ington; Ralph H., a farmer of Walla Walla county; Lulu P., the wife of Arthur 
Coe, a farmer residing at Milton, Oregon; Mabel, the wife of Herbert E. Carr, of 
Prescott ; Dorsey, a resident of Detroit, Michigan ; and Mary, Lester, Loveme and 
Horace, Jr., all at home. 

Since attaining his majority Mr. Hart has given stalwart allegiance to the 
republican party but has never been an aspirant for public office. He, however, 
allowed his name to be used on the prohibition ticket for the office of county com- 
missioner. He has always been a stanch advocate of temperance and does every- 
thing in his power to advance the cause. He belongs to Prescott Lodge, No. 46, 
I. O. O. F., and to the Ancient Order of United Workmen. He and his wife are 
members of the Federated church at Prescott and his aid can always be counted 
upon to further any movement that tends to uplift the individual or advance the 
best interests of the community. His standards of life are high and those who 
know him have come to recognize the fact that his word is as good as his bond. 



ALEXANDER PRICE. 



Alexander Price was a most prominent and progressive farmer of Columbia 
county for many years and in his death the community lost one of its valued 
citizens. He was born in Missouri, November 3, 1847, ^ son of Joseph S. and 
Sarah (Williams) Price, the former a native of Kentucky, while the latter was 
born in Indiana. 

Alexander Price was reared and educated in Missouri and was a youth of 
seventeen years when he crossed the plains, traveling with ox team and wagon 
after the primitive methods of the period. There were no railroads across the 
country at that time and with the slow-plodding oxen only a few miles could be 
covered every day. Thus the trip lengthened out over weeks and months but 
eventually they reached their destination and Mr. Price became a resident of Yam- 
hill county, Oregon. There he secured employment as a farm hand, remaining in 
that state until the fall of 1870, when he came to Walla Walla county and took 
up a homestead nine miles southwest of Dayton. Upon that farm he lived for 
»even years and his labors wrought a marked transformation in the appearance of 



188 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

the place. His widow still owns that property, which has now become very 
vakiahle. 

In 1873 Mr. Price was united in marriage to Miss Clarinda J. Anderson, a 
native of Missouri and a daughter of Thomas and Mary (Power) Anderson, 
who were natives of Indiana. They removed from that state to Missouri, where 
the father died in the year 1850. The mother afterward crossed the plains with 
her family in 1865, spending her last days in Washington. To Mr. and Mrs. Price 
were born seven children: George F. ; Martha, at home; Celestia, the wife of 
James J. Edwards ; Susan M. ; Alice L., who has passed away ; Homer E. ; and 
Joseph W^. 

The death of the husband and father occurred in 1906 and he was laid to rest 
in Dayton cemetery, leaving a widow and six children to mourn his loss. He had 
been devoted to their welfare and by reason of his capable business management 
and wise investments, combined with indefatigable energy and industry, he was 
able to leave his family in very comfortable financial' circumstances. Mrs. Price 
and her children now own more than five thousand acres of valuable wheat land 
in Columbia county, all of which is improved, and she also has an attractive resi- 
dence in the city of Dayton, where she is able to enjoy all the comforts and many 
of the luxuries of life. She belongs to the Congregational church and takes an 
active interest in its work. In fact, she is ever ready to endorse those plans and 
measures which tend to uplift the individual or uphold the betterment of the com- 
munity at large. For many years the Price family has lived in this section of 
the state, coming here long before Washington was admitted to the Union, and 
they are prominent not only as pioneers but in those social circles where true 
worth and intelligence are accepted as the passports into good .society. 



HON. WILLIAM FARRISH. 

In the front ranks of the columns which have advanced the civilization of 
Washington, Hon. William Farrish has led the way to the substantial develop- 
ment, progress and upbuilding of Asotin county, being particularly active in 
the growth and progress of the district in which he still makes his home. His 
memory goes back to the time when the entire Pacific coast was but sparsely 
settled, when much of the land had not been reclaimed for purposes of civiliza- 
tion but remained in the primitive condition in which it came from the hand of 
nature. He has lived in the same house in three different counties owing to the 
division of the old county necessitating change of name and installation of new 
county governments. He has seen the forests cut, the streams bridged and the 
work of development carried forward and at all times has borne his part in the 
general advancement and improvement which has brought Asotin county to 
its present condition. He was born in Richibucto, province of New Brunswick, 
Nova Scotia, August 9, 1835, a son of William and Catherine (Smith) Far- 
rish, who were natives of Scotland. The father was a lumberman and thus 
provided for his family. 

Hon. William Farrish was the second in order of birth in a family of three 
sons and three daughters, of whom only three are now living. He acquired his 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 191 

early education in the paid schools of New Brunswick, which he attended for 
about three years. He left home in 1853, when eighteen years of age, and made 
his way to Wisconsin, settling in Grand Rapids, that state, after which he worked 
in the lumber camps, cutting logs and sawing hmiber, which was then rafted 
down the Mississippi and sold. Part of the time he worked for others and 
during a part of the time engaged in business there on his own account. He 
continued a resident of Wisconsin until 1878, when he removed to the west, 
traveling by rail to San Francisco and thence by boat up the coast and up the 
Columbia river until he took up his abode in Columbia county, Washington, 
establishing his home in that section which is now Asotin county. He made his 
way by stage from Walla Walla to Dayton and on to Pomeroy and to Columbia 
Center, where his wife's people lived. From that point he came to Asotin, where 
he embarked in the lumber business in connection with his father-in-law, T. G. 
Bean. They were thus associated in business for twenty years, on the expiration 
of which period Mr. Farrish purchased his partner's interest and conducted the 
business alone. He came to Washington territory in the spring of 1878, when 
there were a number of Indian uprisings occurring in various sections. There 
were only about twenty families living in the Anatone country at that time and 
there was great fear among them because of the possibility of an outbreak of 
Indian hostility at any time. Some of the men began to build a stockade in the 
hills and Mr. Farrish sent two of his men to help them cut logs and build the 
stockade, into which all of the families were taken. The Indians, however, did 
not attack them although the people were expecting an attack daily. The asso- 
ciation which existed between Mr. Bean and Mr.. Farrjsh. was ever most har- 
monious and their business affairs were carefully, jvisely and- successfully con- 
ducted. They would haul the lumber from the mountains by team and then 
raft the lumber down the Snake river. They furnished the lumber for the 
famous Truax interests, used for the building of the -big warehouses, and also 
the lumber for the Columbia county plank road. They had a lumberyard at 
Ilia, in Columbia county, now Garfield, as well as at Asotin, and sold lumber 
throughout old Walla Walla county. They sold the lumber for the old grist mill 
at Almota, the frame of which is still standing although it was erected in 1878. 
After coming to Washington, Mr. Farrish lived in the timber for about five 
years. Later he removed his home on the ranch, where he remained for about 
fifteen years, when his residence was destroyed by fire. He then took up his 
abode in the town, where he had another home that had been erected several 
years before. He has always been actively identified with the lumber interests 
during the period of his residence in Washington and has done much to develop 
the lumber resources of this section of the country and has thus added mate- 
rially to the wealth, development and progress of the state. He owns a ranch of 
eight hundred acres, half of which is under cultivation and is now being managed 
by his son, Harry H. 

Mr. Farrish was united in marriage to Miss Content V. Bean, who was born 
April 14, 1847, in Union county, Wisconsin, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. G. 
Bean, who were pioneers of Washington. On removing westward from Wis- 
consin they settled for a time on the Walla Walla river, where the father con- 
ducted a shingle mill. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Farrish was celebrated in 
Plover, Wisconsin, on the 31st of March, 1869, and to them were born seven 



192 . OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

children: William Thomas, born in Port Edwards, Wisconsin, February 14, 
1870, and now a resident of Walla Walla, married Georgia Bradley and to them 
were born four children. Frank A., born in Port Edwards, Wisconsin, Decem- 
ber 16, 1873, is now a resident of Anatone and operates the sawmill there. He 
married Nellie Smelcer and to them were born three children who are living and 
one who died in infancy. Harry H., born in Port Edwards, Wisconsin, April 
16, 1876, and now ably conducting the home ranch, married Carrie Evans and 
they have two children : Gervais, who died in infancy ; and Colin. The younger 
children of this family were all born in the same house although in different 
counties, owing to the various divisions which were made in the counties at that 
period. Arthur, who was born in Columbia county July 7, 1878, is now con- 
ducting his father's interests in the Imuber business and lives at home. Grace 
was born in Columbia county June 25, 1880, and is the wife of George .N. 
Ausman, a prominent rancher of Asotin county and a son of one of the early and 
honored pioneer settlers mentioned elsewhere in this work. They have six chil- 
dren. Robert Bruce was born July 14, 1883, and now occupies a homestead 
ten miles from the town of Asotin, in Asotin county. He married Maud Trent 
and they have become the parents of two daughters. Edith, born August 8, 1886, 
in Asotin county, is the wife of E. R. Downen, who served two terms as county 
treasurer and is now county assessor, and they have two sons. The wife and 
mother passed away in Asotin, November 14, 1916, and her death was the 
occasion of deep and widespread regret, for she had endeared herself to many 
with whom she had been brought into contact. She was a consistent member of 
the Methodist church, to which j\Ir. Farrish also belongs. 

In politics he is a stanch republican and represented his district in the state 
legislature in the first, second and third sessions after Washington was admitted 
to the Union. He was made a Mason in Grand Rapids, Wisconsin, in 1852 and 
holds membership in the Royal Arch Chapter in Lewiston. He is the only living 
charter member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows at Anatone. 



FREDERICK J. FLEISCHER. 

Frederick J. Fleischer occupies a central place on the stage of business and 
political activity in Prescott. Important public and private interests have been 
controlled by him to the benefit of the public and he well deserves the position 
of leadership which is accorded him. He is vice president and the cashier of 
the First State Bank of Prescott and is now serving as mayor of the city. He was 
born in Madison, Wisconsin, on the i6th of May, 1871, and is a son of John A. 
and Elizabeth (Miller) Fleischer. His paternal grandfather, Knute J. Fleischer, 
was of German descent on his father's side, although of Norwegian birth, and 
he came to the United States as Norwegian consul. 

John A. Fleischer, father of Frederick J. Fleischer, was bom in 1846 and 
was but five years of age when brought by his parents to the new world, so that 
he was reared in Madison, Wisconsin, where the family home was established. 
He was a youth of seventeen when, in response to the call of the country for 
troops to service in the Civil war, he enlisted in a Wisconsin regiment and through 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 193 

the following two years rose to the rank of second lieutenant. The war having 
ended, he was then honorably discharged and returned to Madison, Wisconsin, 
where he was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Miller, a native of that city, 
the wedding being there celebrated in 1868. They began their domestic life in 
Madison, where they continued to reside until 1872, and then removed to Pelican 
Rapids, in Ottertail county, Minnesota, where the father secured a homestead 
and engaged in fanning for thirty-four years, being thus ranked for more than 
a third of a century with the representative and honored residents of that part 
of that state. In 1906 he came west and settled first in Lewiston, Idaho, where 
he remained for five years, and after a year or more spent in Seattle and in 
Portland he came to Prescott, Washington, where he has since resided. He is 
now living retired, enjoying the fruits of his former toil, for his years of indefat- 
igable industry and perseverance have brought to him a substantial competence 
that enables him to rest from further labor. 

Frederick J. Fleischer, whose name introduces this review, was reared upon 
the home farm in Ottertail county, Minnesota, with the usual experiences of the 
farmbred boy. He supplemented his public school training by a business course 
received in Dixon, Ilhnois, and until his twenty-seventh year remained ujx)n the 
home farm, assisting his father in its cultivation through the summer months, 
while in the winter seasons he engaged in teaching. In 1898 he accepted a posi- 
tion as bookkeeper in the J. P. Wallace State Bank of Pelican Rapids and three 
years later he became one of the stockholders in the bank and was made a mem- 
ber of its board of directors. He was also elected cashier of the bank, in which 
position he continued to serve until 1906, when he sold his interest in that insti- 
tution and came to the west with his father, making his way to Lewiston, Idaho. 
On the 1st of January, 1907, he went to Moscow, Idaho, to accept the cashiership 
of the Moscow State Bank. During the following year the bank changed hands 
and in January, 1908, Mr. Fleischer went to Spokane, Washington, where he 
resided until the ist of August of that year, when he came to Prescott. On the 
1st of January following he purchased stock in the First State Bank and assumed 
the cashiership. This bank had passed through some severe financial reverses 
and the task of rebuilding it devolved upon Mr. Fleischer. How well this task 
has been performed is told in the present condition of the bank's affairs. When 
he took charge the deposits amounted to about thirty thousand dollars. Today 
and for several years past the deposits have averaged about one hundred and 
fifty thousand dollars and the affairs of the bank are in splendid condition in 
every way, Mr. Fleischer brought to his work long experience, keen sagacity 
and notably sound discrimination and his close application and careful manage- 
ment have brought most satisfactory results. 

On the 26th of June, 1901, Mr. Fleischer was united in marriage to Miss 
Oiarlotte G. Hicks, of Milner, North Dakota, and to them have been four chil- 
dren, of whom three are living, Ernestine Lois, Frederick J. and Hugh Warren. 

Mr. Fleischer is a republican but not a narrow partisan. On the contrary he 
is a man of broad and liberal views, but is unfaltering in his allegiance to a prin- 
ciple in which he firmly believes. He has served as a delegate to the republican 
state conventions of Minnesota on two different occasions and he was city treas- 
urer of Pelican Rapids for a number of years. Since coming to Prescott he has 
also been called upon to fill positions of public honor and trust by his fellow citi- 



194 OLD WALLA WALLA COUXTY 

zens, who recognized his splendid abihty as a business man and desired that the 
city might benefit by that abihty. He was made a member of the city council, in 
which he served for a number of years, and for two years he has been mayor 
of Prescott. His adniiiiistration is businesslike and progressive. It has resulted 
in bringing about various improvements and while he avoids all useless expend- 
iture he also equally avoids that retrenchment which blocks public progress. In 
a word his sound judgment discriminates between the essential and the non- 
essential in regard to municipal affairs just as surely as it does in relation to the 
interests of the bank, which has grown so steadily under his direction. 

Mr. Fleischer is well k-nown in Masonic circles, holding membership in 
Waitsburg Lodge, No. i6, F. & A. M. ; Walla Walla Chapter, No. i, R. A. M. ; 
and Washington Commandery, No. i, K. T. He is also identified with El Katif 
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Spokane, and he belongs to Whetstone Lodge, 
No. 157, K. P., of Prescott, in which latter he has held all the chairs. He and his 
wife are members of the Order of the Eastern Star at Waitsburg and both 
are actively identified with the Federated church of Prescott, taking an active 
and helpful interest in all that pertains to the improvement and upbuilding of 
their city along material, intellectual, social and moral lines. Without invidious 
distinction Mr. Fleischer may well be termed one of the foremost men of Pres- 
cott, loyal to every interest of general benefit, .while his course in private affairs 
marks him as a man of high honfe*.''' ''•"■'...'■■.',■.• r 

. ,, , , .-101 I •; ■,-• : , " 
■ ■ •■,,1. •>*?. '•I ■ ■• 



i *..'■", ' . ■ , ' •>'' " ■ '■ ■ 

I ,..,■'■ . -i .• '• ■■" .•■■•■^-•' ' i 

Jo'SEPHirSMT MOORE. 

Josephus M. Moore came to Walla Walla county in 1870 and during the 
many years of his residence here became widely and favorably known. He 
was bom in Rock Island, Illinois, September 17, 183CS, a son of Amos L. and 
Mary Moore, both of whom were natives of Ohio, whence they removed to 
Illinois when the Prairie state was still but thinly settled. Still later they removed 
to a new frontier, coming to Walla Walla county, Washington in 1868, and here 
both passed away. To them were born five children. 

Josephus M. Moore received his education in the public schools of Illinois 
and remained with his parents during his boyhood and youth. He continued to 
reside in the middle west until 1870, when he decided to try his fortune in the 
Pacific coast country, concerning which he had heard excellent reports. He 
arrived in Old Walla Walla county, Washington, in July, 1870, and turned his 
attention to farming in what is now Garfield county. This occupation claimed his 
time and energies throughout his remaining days. He was energetic and resolute 
and overcame all obstacles that lay between him and success, gaining a substantial 
competence. 

]\Ir. Moore was married in Ohio to Miss Louisa Prescott. by whom he had 
one daughter, Mary, now the wife of Walter Preston, of Portland, Oregon. On 
coming to Washington Mr. Moore was accompanied by his wife and daughter, 
and Mrs. Moore died here some years later. In 1894 Mr. ]\Ioore was again 
married, his second union being with Miss Eva .'\bbott. a native of Ohio. Her 
parents. S. J. and Chloe (Russell) Abbott, were born respectively in \'crmont 




.JOSEPHUS M. MOORE 




MBS. JOSEPHUS M. MOOEE 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 199 

and Ohio, but in 1862 made the long journey across the great plains to California, 
where they remained until 1880. Li that year they came to Walla Walla county, 
Washington, and both are still living here, the father at the age of eighty-three 
years and the mother at the age of eighty. Both are still keen of mind and active 
of body and they are one of the most highly esteemed couples in the county. 
Four of the seven children born to them survive. To Mr. and Mrs. Moore was 
born a son, Amos A., who was graduated from the military academy at Staun- 
ton, Virginia; later was a student in the State University of Washington, at 
Seattle, and is now a student at Walla Walla Business College. 

Mr. Moore was a stanch advocate of republican principles and served with 
much satisfaction to his constituents in a number of local offices. The principles 
of conduct which guided his life were found in the teachings of the Masonic 
order, to which he belonged. His death occurred September 24, 1901, and he was 
buried in Mountain View cemetery. He was a man of many admirable traits and 
those who knew him well still cherish his memory. Mrs. Moore makes her 
home in the city of Walla Walla, where she owns a fine residence situated on five 
acres of ground. 



ROBERT O. SANDERS. 



Robert O. Sanders is living retired in Waitsburg, although for a long period 
he was actively identified with farming interests in Walla Walla county, and his 
capable management of his business affairs brougfit to him the measure of success 
which he is now enjoying. He was born in Jefferson <;ountyj Illinois, October 8, 
1852, and is a son of Jacob and ]\Iary (Breeze) Sanders. The father was a 
native of Indiana, while the mother's birth occurred in Illinois, where for many 
years they resided and where both passed away. In their family were seven 
children, four of whom are yet living. 

Robert O. Sanders spent the period of his boyhood and youth upon the home 
farm in Illinois with the usual experiences that fall to the lot of the lad who 
divides his time between the duties of the schoolroom, the pleasures of the play- 
ground and the work of the fields. When he was sixteen years of age his father 
died and he continued to assist his mother until he attained his majority, when 
he began farming on his own account. In 1888 he removed to Walla Walla, since 
which time he has resided in the northwest, his connection with this section of 
the country now covering a period of almost thirty years. He began farming here 
and first rented land and while thus engaged he carefully saved his earnings until 
his industry and economy had brought him sufficient capital to enable him to 
purchase a farm. That he has prospered as the years have gone by is indicated 
in the fact that he now owns three hundred and twenty acres which he has 
greatly improved. It is wheat land and is cultivated according to the most pro- 
gressive and scientific methods of crop production. His work has always been 
carefully performed and his industry and diligence have brought substantial 
results. He continued personally to cultivate his place until 1902, when he 
retired from active farm life and removed to Waitsburg, where he is now living. 

On January 29, 1874, Mr. Sanders was married to Miss Eva Harned, a native 



200 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

of Indiana, and they became the parents of seven children: Addie, the wife of 
O. W. Abbey ; Maud, who married J. W. Cram ; Samuel C, living in Oregon ; 
Alva H., who occupies his father's farm; and three who died in infancy. 

Fraternally Mr. Sanders is connected with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, belonging to Touchet Lodge, No. 5, while both he and his wife are con- 
nected with the Rebekahs. In politics he is a republican, having always been a 
firm believer in the principles of the party. He has served as school director for 
ten years and it is his earnest desire that excellent educational advantages shall 
be given to the youth of this section of the state. He and his wife are consistent 
members of the Christian church and have guided their lives according to its 
teachings. They are influenced by high principles of conduct and their genuine 
worth has commended them to the friendship and regard of all with whom they 
have been associated. The record of Mr. Sanders should sene to inspire and 
encourage others, showing what may be accomplished when one has the will to 
dare and to do, for he started out in life empty-handed and whatever success he 
has achieved or enjoyed has been won through his persistency of purpose, his 
unremitting diligence and his business integrity. 



EMERY FLATHERS. 



Emery Flathers, who followed farming on section 31, township 10 north, 
range 36 east, is a representative of one of the old pioneer families of Walla 
Walla county. From an early period in the development in this section of the 
state the family has taken an active part in the work of general progress and 
improvement and is particularly well and favorably known in connection with the 
agricultural development of this section. Emery Flathers was born on the old 
homestead farm adjoining the town of Prescott, March 27, 1872, a son of Ben- 
jamin F. and Melinda S. (McOuown) Flathers. The father was a native of 
Louisville, Kentucky, while the mother was a native of Virginia. 

Upon the old homestead Emery Flathers was reared and in the schools of 
Prescott he pursued his education. In 1905 he entered into partnership with his 
brothers, John and Charles, and for five years they were associated in farming 
operations. In 1910, however, Emery Flathers withdrew from the finn and 
since that time has rented his land and lived retired. He owns two hundred 
acres, constituting a valuable property, and his rental returns to him a very 

gratifying income. 

On December 23, 1908, Mr. Flathers was married to Miss Rae E. Dunlap, a 
daughter of John K. Dunlap, who has passed away. Mr. and Mrs. Flathers became 
the parents of two children, a son and a daughter, Howard and Frances. Mrs. 
Flathers departed this life July 17, 191 5. and her death was deeply regretted not 
only by her immediate family but by many friends. 

Mr Flathers is independent in politics, voting for the men and measures he 
considers of the best interest of all the people. He keeps well informed on the 
questions and issues of the day but neither seeks nor desires office He is a 
prominent member of the Masonic fraternity, belonging to Waitsburg Lodge. No. 
16 \ F Ik \ M • Walla Walla Chapter, No. i, R. A. M., of Walla Walla; and 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 201 

Washington Conimandery, K. T., also of Walla Walla. He has likewise crossed 
the sands of the desert with the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, being a member of 
El Katif Temple of Spokane. He is a substantial citizen, widely and favorably 
known by reason of his business ability, his loyalty in citizenship and his personal 
worth. For forty-five years he has been a resident of Walla Walla county, wit- 
nessing its growth and development. He has lived to see its pioneer cabins re- 
placed by commodious and substantial residences, its wild lands converted into 
productive fields, its hamlets developed into thriving cities, and as the years have 
gone by he has .ever willingly cooperated in any plan or movement for the gen- 
eral good. 



ALFRED J. BOLTER. 



Alfred J. Bolter is a retired farmer living in Dixie. For a long period he 
was actively and prominently connected with agricultural interests and acquired 
several hundred acres of valuable land, from which he derived a very gratifying 
annual income as a result of the care and labor which he bestowed upon the 
fields. Moreover, his life record shows what may be accomplished by determined 
efifort and perseverance, for he started out empty-handed and is now the pos- 
sessor of a very substantial competence which enables him to rest from further 
labor. He was born in Northampton, Massachusettts, in September, 1853, a son 
of Ziba and Christina Bolter, the former a native of Massachusetts, while the 
latter was born in the state of New York. They spent their entire lives in the 
east and there they reared their family of ten children, nine of whom are yet 
living. 

Alfred J. Bolter passed the days of his boyhood and youth in Massachusetts 
and is indebted to the public school system of that state for the educational oppor- 
tunities which he enjoyed. In 1875, when a young man of twenty-two years, he 
came to the west and first settled in Dallas, Oregon, where he remained for 
three years. In 1878 he removed to Walla Walla county and took up a home- 
stead sixteen miles north of the city of Walla Walla. With characteristic energy 
he began its development and improvement and occupied that place for ten years, 
during which time his labors wrought a marked transformation in its appearance. 
He then disposed of that property and invested in two hundred and eighty acres 
near Dixie. From time to time he extended the boundaries of his farm until it 
now comprises seven hundred acres, all of which is improved land and returns 
to him a most substantial annual income. He continued actively to develop his 
fields until 1902, when he retired, and since that time he has rented his land, 
while he is enjoying a well earned rest. 

Mr. Bolter was married in 1876 to Miss Elsie A. Crystal, a native of Iowa, 
and they have become the parents of three children : Madie, the wife of S. M. 
Jones, now a resident of Spokane ; Maud, who is the widow of Burt Roff ; and 
Homer, who is engaged in merchandising in California. 

Mr Bolter belongs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and has filled all 
of the chairs in Welcome Lodge, No. 117, in which he has membership. He has 
also been called to all of the difiFerent offices in the Knights of Pythias lodge and 



202 OLD \\'ALLA WALLA COUNTY 

is true and loyal to the teaching of these societies. He and his wife are members 
of the Christian church and endeavor to follow closely the Colden Rule. Their 
lives have been well spent, fraught with good deeds and actuated by kindly pur- 
poses. Many good things are sjxikcn of them by friends and neighbors, who 
have enjoyed their coniiianionshii) and who recognize their sterling worth in all the 
relations of life. 



HON. JAMES EWEN EDMISTON. 

High on the roll of Washington's distinguished citizens appears the name of 
Plon. James Ewen Edmiston, deceased, who was for many years a resident of 
Dayton. His ideals of life were very high and in early manhood he displayed 
con.spicuously the traits of character that made his career brilliantly successful. 
He performed all the duties that devolved upon him, however humble and how- 
ever small the recompense might be, conscientiously and industriously. He gave 
proof of his ability to cope with intricate problems of the law and his natural 
industry prompted him to prepare his cases with great thoroughness and care, 
so that he ever entered the courts well equipped to combat any attack or position 
of the opposing counsel. He lives in the memory of his friends enshrined in the 
halo of a gracious presence and of pronounced power in the legal profession. 

Mr. Edmiston was born in Washington county, Arkansas, March 29, 1849, 
a son of Alexander E. Edmiston, who was a native of \'irginia and removed to 
Arkansas early in the nineteenth century. He was a veteran of the Mexican 
war, serving as a lieutenant in his company under Colonel Yall. A forceful man 
of unquestioned integrity, he won a substantial financial success and left a 
valuable estate to his widow and four children, of whom James E. Edmiston 
was the eldest. A few years prior to his death, becoming convinced that the 
principle of slavery was wrong, he liberated all of his bondsmen. During the 
Civil war the vicinity of his home was the scene of great atrocities by both 
northern and southern renegades. He died in the year 1858. 

James E. Edmiston, when a lad of fourteen years, enlisted in 1863 in the 
Confederate army, in which he had five uncles fighting for the cause. After the 
close of hostilities he returned to his home in Arkansas and remained long 
enough to assist in putting the plantation again into shape. He then went to 
Bentonville, Arkansas, where he attended the Bentonville College for two years, 
and while a student there he also taught school. In 1870 he went to Omaha, 
Nebraska, whence he made his way to the Pacific coast. He taught school for 
a time in Oregon and also pursued a course in the Corvallis College, from which 
he received his degree in 1873. 

On the 13th of March of the same year Mr. Edmiston was united in marriage 
to Miss Helen E. Lacey, a native of Clackamas county, Oregon, and a daughter 
of Lewis A. Lacey, who was of French-Huguenot stock, his ancestors having 
fled to the new world because of religious persecution early in the seventeenth 
century. The paternal grandfather of Mrs. Edmiston was an officer under Wash- 
ington and Lafayette in the Revolutionary war and he lost two of his fingers in 
the battle of Bunker Hill. His son, Lewis A. Lacey, came to the northwest in 




JAMES E. EDiriSTON 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 205 

1852, making his way to Oregon accompanied by his wife, Leonora (Herring) 
Lacey, who was a naitve of Swansea, Wales, their marriage ceremony having 
been pei formed at .Mount Morris, New York. The services were completed 
about fifteen minutes before they started on their westward journey to Indiana 
and from there they traveled with ox team and wagon to Oregon. Mr. Lacey's 
brother, his brother's wife and child died of mountain fever while en route and 
many other members of the party were buried by the side of the trail. They 
suffered on account of hostile Indians and the journey was a most hazardous 
and difficult one. On reaching the Willamette valley Mr. Lacey took up a dona- 
tion claim and gave his attention to farming and stock raising, spending his 
remaining days upon the old homestead at Springwater in Clackamas county, 
where he passed away in 1899, at the notable old age of ninety-four years. His 
widow died on the ist of March, igoo, at the age of seventy-one years. 

Soon after their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Edmiston removed to Colfax, Wash- 
ington, where for three years he was engaged in teaching school. In 1876 he 
took up his abode in Dayton, where for some years following he devoted his 
attention to teaching and then engaged in selling farm machinery. He also 
operated a large sawmill and was identified with various other business interests 
which have contributed to the material development and progress of this section 
of the state. Mr. Edmiston had been educated with a view to entering the 
ministry but subsequently turned his attention to law and pursued his reading 
under the preceptorship of John Y. Ostrander. In i.885..he. was .admitted to the 
bar and entered upon the practice of his profession, becoming one of the promi- 
nent lawyers of Columbia county. He then contihtted -in- acHve practice until 
a short time prior to his death, which occurj-ed on. the StK.of May, 1900. In his 
la.w practice he was long associated with Judge.C- F- Miller and their friendship 
relations were very close. Their practice was extensive and of an important 
character. Mr. Edmiston was remarkable among lawyers for the wide research 
and provident care with which he prepared his cases. At no time was his reading 
ever confined to the limitations of the questions at issue. It went beyond and 
compassed every contingency and provided not alone for the expected but also 
for the unexpected, which happens in the courts quite as frequently as out of them. 
His legal learning, his analytical mind, the readiness with which he grasped the 
points in an argument all combined to make him one of the capable attorneys at 
the bar of Columbia county and the public and the profession acknowledged him 
the peer of the ablest regarding him as a jurist of exceptionally rare ability. 

Aside from his professional connections Mr. Edmiston figured very promi- 
nently in the public life of the community. At one time he served as superin- 
tendent of schools of Columbia county. He first came prominently into public 
notice when elected a member of the upper house of the Washington territorial 
legislature and for many years he was a member of the state central committee 
of the democratic party. In 1894 he was offered the nomination for governor 
but refused to become a candidate. While undoubtedly not without that laudable 
ambition which is so valuable as an incentive to public service, he nevertheless 
regarded the pursuits of private life as in themselves abundantly worthy of his 
best efforts and with remarkable fidelity he labored for the interests of his clients. 
It is said that he never lost a case which he appealed to the supreme court. 
In 1886 he was prosecuting attorney of Columbia county. 



206 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Mr. Edmiston was considered the highest authority on IMasonic jurispru- 
dence in the state and was chairman of that committee in the grand lodge for 
ten years. He was past grand master of the state of Washington and past 
grand patron of the Eastern Star. There was a close relationship between him 
and Dr. Van Patten, who was his family physician from 1884 until his death and 
has continued as such to Mrs. Edmiston. They were the best of friends and 
while not associated together in business often consulted one another on busi- 
ness matters. Mr. Edmiston was leader of the choir in the Presbyterian church 
for many years and in this work was also associated with the Doctor and 
together they often took vacation trips. It was the earnest desire of Mr. 
Edmiston that Dr. Van Patten allow himself to be put in line for higher Masonic 
honors, which eventually resulted in the latter becoming grand junior warden in 
igoi and grand master in 1904. 

For a long period Mr. Edmiston was collecting data for a history of souih- 
castern Washington but died before the completion of the work. He was presi- 
dent of the board of regents of the Washington State College at Pullman and 
on the day of his burial the college was closed in respect to his memory. Every 
business house and the .schools of Dayton were also closed and the day was 
given over to sincere mourning by the entire community. He was buried with 
Masonic honors and the Grand Lodge of Washington took charge of the funeral 
services, the Hon. Levi Ankeny, past grand master of the state, officiating. The 
bar of Dayton passed appropriate resolutions and every mark of respect that 
could be shown, both in a public and a private way, was evidenced. He was a 
lifelong member of the Presbyterian church and was a teacher in its Sunday 
school for many years. Much more might be said in eulogy of this man, who 
was loved by all who knew him and whose influence was always for the better- 
ment and uplift of mankind. His memory is enshrined in the hearts of those 
who knew him and remains as a blessed benediction to those who were his asso- 
ciates while he was still an active factor in the world's work. Mrs. Edmiston still 
lives in the old home in Dayton. She is a past grand matron of the Order of the 
Eastern Star and is now in charge of the Dayton Branch of the Red Cross, in 
which work she is very active, giving freely of her time and energies as well 
as her means and efforts to improve the conditions under which the young men 
of the country must serve in a military capacity. She was formerly president 
of the Monday Reading Club and has long been foremost in social circles and 
in welfare work in the northwest. Both Mr. and Mrs. Edmiston belong to that 
class who shed around them much of the sunshine of life. 



JULES De RUWE. 



Jules De Ruwe is the owner of one of the best improved farms of his sec- 
tion of the country, having an extensive acreage near Turner, Washington. He 
was born in Belgium, July 17, 1885, and is a son of Peter and Julia De Ruwe, 
who were natives of that land. Educated in Belgium, Jules De Ruwe acquired a 
good education there and in 1905, when a young man of twenty years, crossed 
the Atlantic to the new world, making his way direct to Washington, where he 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 207 

became identified with the sheep industry, conducting business on a large scale 
in connection with his brothers, prominently known as leading sheep men of this 
section of the state. They finally dissolved partnership, however, and each is 
now conducting his business interests individually. In the fall of 1917 Jules De 
Ruwe purchased his present ranch, comprising eleven hundred acres of land 
twelve miles north of Dayton on the Tucanon river. This is one of the best 
improved ranches in his part of the county and Mr. De Ruwe is now equipping 
it with a thoroughly modern set of buildings, in which he is installing electric 
light and running water. In fact, he is adding every modern equipment and com- 
fort and his farm work is being conducted along progressive and scientific lines. 
His sheep are of the Rambouillet breed and are among the best to be found in 
the state of Washington. 

On the 17th of October, 1917, Mr. De Ruwe was united in marriage to Miss 
Mabel Davidson, a daughter of Daniel and Ethel Davidson, of Starbuck, Wash- 
ington, who were also ranch people. Mr. De Ruwe is a member of the Catholic 
church, while his wife holds membership in the Christian church. While he has 
been on this side the Atlantic for only a few years he is thoroughly American in 
spirit and interests, having a strong attachment for the government and the in- 
stitutions of the new world. It often seems that native bom citizens come by the 
privileges of American life too easily to appreciate them in the fullest degree. 
At least some of those who have sacrificed and suffered to obtain them value 
their blessings more highly than those to whom they come as a matter of course. 
Mr. De Ruwe is among the loyal residents of the northwest and in the utilization 
of the opportunities which have come to him he has made for himself a very 
creditable position among the successful business men of Washington. 



F. E. MOJONNIER. 



F. E. Mojonnier, a prominent and representative business man of Walla 
Walla county, is conducting his interests under the name of the Walla Walla 
Hothouse Vegetable Company. He is engaged in growing and wholesale ship- 
ping of hothouse and garden vegetables. He established this business in 1909, 
with no previous experience along this line to aid him, but he bent every energy- 
tov/ard acquainting himself with every phase of the business, studying the 
methods of the most successful houses of similar character in the east, and 
through this method and through study he has developed an enterprise of exten- 
sive and profitable proportions. He was born at Highland, Madison county, 
Illinois, on the 4th of October, 1874, and is a son of Samuel and Clara (Robert) 
Mojonnier, both of whom were natives of Switzerland and were of French 
descent. They came to the United States in childhood with their respective 
parent.s, the families establishing their homes in Madison county, Illinois. The 
father was a carpenter by trade but gave his attention largely to agricultural 
pursuits in Illinois. In 1886 he removed with his family to Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, where he engaged in carpentering up to the time of his death, which 
occurred about 1892. His widow is still living in that city. 

F. E. Mojonnier was reared at home, acquiring his education in the public 



208 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

and high schools of Los Angeles. He was a youth of but twelve years when the 
family removed to California. After his textbooks were put aside he worked for 
some time in a grocery store in Los .\ngeles and in April, 1895, came to Walla 
Walla, Washington, where he entered the employ of the Walla Walla Produce 
Company. In 1900 he became a stockholder of the company and was identified 
with the conduct of the business until 1914, when he sold his interest in order to 
give his sole attention to his present business, which he had established in 1909. 
At that time he had no practical experience to assist him in its conduct, but he 
closely applied himself to the work and visited the largest plants of similar 
niiture throughout the east, and since then he has built up one of the most mod- 
ern establishments of the kind in the country. He has three acres under glass 
and he is producing high grade vegetables and, in fact, he is known as one of 
the leading hothouse vegetable growers in the northwest. His business has been 
thoroughly systematized, carefully managed and wisely conducted and his patron- 
age has grown to extensive and gratifying proportions. 

On the 1st of January, 1900, Mr. Mojonnier was united in marriage to Miss 
Mathilde Delepine, of Walla Walla, who was a student in the State College 
at Pullman at the time of her marriage. To them have been born three children. 
Claire, Harold and Elaine. 

Mr. Mojonnier gives his political allegiance to the democratic party and keeps 
well informed on the questions and issues, of the day, but has never been an 
aspirant for office. He is regarded as one of the' representative citizens of Walla 
W\''lla county, actuated by a spirit of enterprise and progress in all that he does. 
Well defined plans and purposes have carried him forward and each step in 
his career has brought him a broader outlook and wider opportunities. He has 
ever been actuated by a laudable ambition that has caused him to reach out 
along still broader lines and his position in business circles is now a most credit- 
able and enviable one. 



HON. FREDERICK STINE. 

Hon. Frederick Stine, who passed away in Walla Walla in 1909, had been a 
resident of the city for more than four decades and was most widely and favor- 
ably known. He was one of the early settlers of his section of the state and was 
largely instrumental in promoting the development and upbuilding of his city. 
He thus gained a wide acquaintance and was esteemed by all who knew him. 
He was a recognized leader in many lines and his strength of character and ex- 
cellent judgment were features that brought beneficial results. A man of action 
rather than of theory, whenever opportunity called he made ready response. 

Mr. Stine was born in Union county, Pennsylvania, November 24, 1825. His 
father was a blacksmith by trade and in 1839 removed with his family from 
the Keystone state to Greene county, Ohio, settling in Fairfield, where he en- 
gaged in farming and also followed blacksmithing. With those pursuits Frederick 
Stine became thoroughly familiar, as he assisted his father in the work of the 
fields or of the smithy. In the s])ring of 1852, in company with his brothers, 
John and William, he started for the Pacific coast. Their departure was a great 




ilRS. FUKIIKRU'K STINE 




FREDERICK STIXt: 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 213 

event to the family, which numbered eight sons and six daughters. Travel at 
that time to the western coast was by means of wagon or by way of water 
route and many months elapsed ere the journey was completed. It was indeed 
a serious undertaking, much more difficult than a trip around the world at the 
present time. The three brothers left St. Louis, Missouri, on the ist of May, 1852, 
and on the 2d of July arrived in Sacramento, California. This was a record 
trip at the time. The train with which they traveled numbered twenty-six men, 
of whom Frederick Stine was chosen captain. The three brothers went to Marys- 
ville, California, where they began work, but after a few days Frederick Stine 
was prostrated with typhoid fever and for sixty days had a great struggle for 
his life. Eventually, however, the disease reached its crisis and it was said that 
he would live. When he recovered he began business for himself, but in 1854 
met with losses through fire and the following year he removed to Yreka, Cali- 
fornia, where he concentrated his efforts and attention upon farming and black- 
smithing, thus returning to the occupations to which he had been reared. 

Selling his Yreka property on the 6th of February, 1862, Mr. Stine then 
started for the north and on the 12th of May arrived in Walla Walla, where he 
afterward made his home until called to his final rest. Within four days of his 
arrival he had opened a place of business on Main street and as the years passed 
he prospered. On the 3d of November, 1863, he went by way of Portland to San 
Francisco, traveling by stage to the latter city and thpnce by boat and the Panama 
route to Ohio on a visit to his family and his old home. 'Oh' 'the i8th of April, 
1864, he started again for the Pacific coast and this time made the trip by stage to 
Walla Walla, where he resumed blacksmithing and wagon making, maintaining 
a first class shop of that kind until September i, 1873, ^t which date he re- 
tired from business. He had spent about a third of a century at his trade and 
was always industrious and conscientious in his work. In 1872 he erected the 
Stine House, which was the first brick hotel in Walla Walla, and in 1880 he 
purchased a farm of five hundred and sixty acres in Umatilla county, Oregon, 
about six miles south of Walla Walla. This he extensively improved and culti- 
vated and to his holdings he added from time to time as his financial resources in- 
creased until he held in that vicinity over nineteen hundred acres of choice land. 
In 1905 his wheat crop was thirty-seven thousand bushels, raised upon one-half 
of his land, the other half being summer fallowed. His business affairs were 
wisely and carefully controlled, his investments most judiciously made and his 
enterprise brought to him a very substantial measure of success. The most envi- 
ous could not grudge him his prosperity, so honorably was it gained, so worthily 
used. 

In 1870, in Walla Walla, Mr. Stine was united in marriage to Mrs. Mary 
(Megrew) Silverthorn, a widow, and to them was born a daughter, Elizabeth, who 
became the wife of John Casper, of Walla Walla. Mrs. Stine was born near 
Uniontown, Pennsylvania, in 1836, a daughter of Archibald Megrew. In 1836, 
when Mrs. Stine was three months old, the father removed with his family to 
Ohio and when she was a little maiden of thirteen she lost her mother. In 1852 
the father removed with the children to Iowa and there his last days were passed. 
It was in Iowa that Mary Megrew became the wife of John Silverthorn and they, 
with others, crossed the plains in 1864, making the trip with mules and horses 
and spending three months en route. They settled in Walla Walla, where the 
Vol. n — 9 



214 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

death of Mr. Silverthorn later occurred. Mrg. Stine now resides in a fine home 
on Catherine street, where for more than ten years she has lived. 

Throughout the period of his residence in Walla Walla, Mr. Stine was an 
active worker for the upbuilding and development of the city. In politics he was 
an active democrat and in 1869 was chosen to represent his district in the lower 
house of the territorial legislature, while in 1873 he was elected a member of the 
senate. He made his presence felt there by his earnest support of all well devised 
plans and measures for the im|^rovement of the commonwealth. His keen judg- 
ment was of great benefit in many instances. In 1865 he was chosen one of the 
members of the city council of Walla Walla and during the following year was 
made chairman of the council and thereafter was reelected many times. He 
exercised his official prerogatives in support of various plans and measures for 
the general good and his work was of great worth to the city. Many important 
measures for the benefit of Walla Walla originated with him and were 
carried forward to successful completion because of his endorsement and labor. In 
1868 he succeeded in having established a Masonic lodge at Walla Walla and for 
ten years thereafter acted as its master. He was also a member of the chapter 
and was always an earnest worker and he labored untiringly for the advancement 
of Masonic interests in this locality. When death called him in 1909 he had been 
a resident of Walla Walla for more than forty-five years. His personal qualities 
were such as won for him the warm regard of many and there was sincere grief 
felt throughout the city at his passing. 



WTLLIAM THOMAS PETTI JOHN. 

William Thomas Pettijohn has since 1905 resided upon his present farm on 
section 2, township 9 north, range 35 east, in Walla Walla county, and here has 
six hundred and fifty acres of valuable land, constituting one of the fine farms 
of this section of the state. Long before, however, he had become a resident 
of the county and in fact was one of the earliest settlers. He arrived here in 
1859, when but five years of age, having been brought to Washington by his 
parents. 

Mr. Pettijohn was born in Linn county, Oregon, July 26, 1854, a son of 
Jonathan and Hannah (Warner) Pettijohn. The father was a native of Ohio, 
while the mother's birth occurred in Indiana. In 1850 Jonathan Pettijohn 
crossed the plains to California and after spending a year or more in the gold 
fields of that state he went to Oregon, settling in Linn county, where he was 
employed for some time in the sawmills and also worked at barn building. He 
became familiar with all of the hardships and privations incident to life on the 
frontier. He had encountered also many difficulties while crossing the plains. 
The cattle with which the party started on leaving the east died en route and 
much of the distance during the latter part of the trip, their provisions having 
run short, they lived for days upon flour and water. Mr. Pettijohn traveled much 
of the distance on foot. After living for a number of years in Oregon he sold 
liis interests there in 1859 and came to Walla Walla county. He first visited 
the county in the summer of that year, bringing with him some cattle, after 



OLD WALLAi WALLA COUNTY 215 

\ which he returned for his family. He entered a homestead in townships 9 and 
10, range 35 east, Walla Walla county, and thereon built a log cabin. His 
remaining years were spent in that immediate neighborhood and he was very 
successful. While he experienced many of the difficulties incident to the settle- 
ment of the frontier prosperity attended him as the years went by and he ac- 
quired three thousand acres of valuable land. From i860 until 1866 or 1867 
he was engaged in freighting with ox teams to the Idaho mines and later he gave 
his attention most successfully to the raising of cattle and horses. His business 
affairs were most wisely and successfully managed and he became the possessor 
of a very handsome competence, passing away June 13, 1913. His wife had 
crossed the plains with her parents in 1852, at which time the family home was 
established in Linn county, Oregon, where her marriage to Mr. Pettijohn after- 
ward occurred. She passed away in January, 1893, and in the death of these 
two worthy people Walla Walla county lost an honored pioneer couple. They 
were respected and esteemed by all who knew them and most of all by those who 
knew them best, a fact indicative of their well spent lives. 

William T. Pettijohn spent his youthful days upon the old homestead and 
acquired a district school education. In 1877 he went to Idaho, where he used 
both his preemption and homestead rights in the Potlach country, filing the first 
homestead right in that section. There he remained actively identified with 
farming and stock raising until 1905, when he left Idaho and returned to Walla 
Walla county, taking up his abode on his present home farm, which now com- 
prises six hundred and fifty acres of rich and productive land. In addition he 
owns five hundred and sixty acres in another township. His landed possessions 
are thus extensive and he is actively and prominently identified with the farming 
interests of Walla Walla county. His business affairs are carefully directed and 
wisely managed. He utilizes the most modern methods carrying on the farm 
work and upon his place"he has put many improvements which rank his farm 
with one of the model farm properties of the twentieth century in this section 
of the state. 

On the I2th of December, 1883, Mr. Pettijohn was united in marriage to 
Miss Ella Humphrey, of Idaho, and to them have been born five children, four of 
whom are still living, namely: Ada, the wife of Frank Davis, who is operating 
one of the farms belonging to his father-in-law; Jonathan N., who is now operat- 
ing the home farm ; Ollie, the wife of Robert L. Temple, of Prescott, Wash- 
ington ; and Harry Elbert, who is in the United States army. For some time 
the two sons operated the home farm together and proved progressive young 
business men by their capable direction of the interests which have come under 
their charge. 

In politics Mr. Pettijohn has always followed an independent course but 
has never taken an active part in public affairs. He has always preferred to con- 
centrate his time, efforts and attention upon his private business interests and 
by reason of his diligence and determination, his perseverance and his honesty 
he has won a very substantial measure of success. He is justly numbered among 
the honored pioneers of the northwest, having for fifty-seven years lived in this 
section of the country. Born in Oregon, reared in Washington and a resident 
for a time of Idaho, there is no feature of the development of the northwest 
with which he is not familiar and he has lived to witness a remarkable transfer- 



216 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

mation, for the country has grown so rapidly that the story of its development 
seems almost magical. The result, however, is due to the earnest labors, the 
persistency of purpose and the indefatigable energy of such men as Mr. Petti- 
john, who, unafraid of the hardships and privations of pioneer life, has utilized 
the natural resources of the country and has thus placed the wealth upon a par 
with the older east. 



COLONEL WILLIAM HAVENS MILLER. 

Colonel William Havens Miller, whose life was spent in the military service 
of his country, was under all circumstances an officer and a gentleman. He was 
born at Tuscaloosa, Alabama, January 31, 1849, ^"d on the 14th of June, 1872, 
was graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point and 
was assigned to duty with the First Cavalry. While with that regiment he par- 
ticipated in all the Indian wars in the Rocky mountains and on the Pacific coast 
and won frequent promotion in recognition of his efficiency and gallantry. 
Among the important campaigns in which he took part were : the Modoc war, 
which lasted from November, 1872, until June, 1873; the Nez Perce war, from 
June to October, 1877; the Bannock campaign, from June to September, 1878; 
and a minor engagement at Meacham's, in the Blue mountains of Oregon, in 
August, 1878. He was promoted to first lieutenant in the First Cavalry, March 
4, 1879. From May, 1877, to March, 1887, he served as quartermaster in the 
field and in garrison and during the greater part of that time, or from August 
15, 1878, to March 31, 1887, he was regimental quartermaster. On the 28th of 
Feliruary, 1890, he was brevetted first lieutenant for "gallant services in action 
against Indians at the Lava Beds, California, April 17, 1873, and gallant and 
meritorious conduct during the Modoc war." In 1896-7 he was employed in the 
designing and building of Fort George Wright, a military post at Spokane, Wash- 
ington, being in charge of the work until December, 1898, at which time the post 
was ready for one battalion of infantry. During the greater part of 1899 and 
1900 he was in Cuba and built the four company military post at Paso Caballos 
at the mouth of the harbor of Cienfuegos, Cuba, and finished the cavalry post, 
Hamilton barracks, at Matanzas, Cuba. Colonel Miller was in campaigns and 
garrisons in the northwest until September, 1890, being stationed a part of the 
time in northern California, Oregon. Washington, Nevada and Montana, and 
was then appointed captain and assistant quartennaster in the United States 
Army and was on duty as follows: Quartermaster at United States Military 
Academy, West Point, New York, from October, 1890, to November, 1894; 
quartermaster at Fort Riley, Kansas, from November, 1894, until July, 1896; 
constructing quartermaster at Spokane, ^^'ashington, from July, 1896, to Decem- 
ber, 1898; appointed major and chief quartermaster in United States Volun- 
teers, August 15, 1898; division chief quartermaster at Southern Camp, An- 
niston, Alabama, from December, 1898, to March, 1899; chief quartermaster. 
Departments of Santa Clara and Matanzas at Cienfuegos and Matanzas, Cuba, 
from March, 1899, to July, 1900; depot quartermaster, Boston, Massachusetts, 
from October, 1900, to August, 1901 ; depot and chief quartermaster. Depart- 




COLONEL WILLTAM H. :\IILLF.R 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 219 

ment of the Lakes, Chicago, Ilhnois, from August, 1901, to August, 1905; in 
charge of the general depot of the quartermaster's department, New York city, 
from November 20, 1905, to May, 1907; chief quartermaster, PhiHppine 
Division, Manila, from September 2, 1907, to June 14, 1909; quartermaster at 
Seattle, Washington, and in charge of the United States transport service on 
Puget Sound from July, 1909, until retired at the age of sixty-four years, Janu- 
ary 31, 1913. He was promoted to major and quartermaster, United States 
Army, August 12, 1900; to lieutenant colonel and deputy quartermaster general, 
August 15, 1903; and colonel and assistant quartermaster general, October 31, 
1909. The title was changed to colonel, Quartermaster Corps, United States 
Army, by act of congress approved August 24, 1912. On the 5th of July, 1906, 
he was especially commended to the secretary of war by the inspector general 
of the army for efficiency. All work that was given to him to do was well 
done, for, holding himself to the strictest standards, he refused to accept any- 
thing less than the best work from those under him, but at the same time he was 
scrupulously just and held the respect of his men. He upheld the high tradi- 
tions of the American army, was a constant student of military science and kept 
in close touch with the change in methods necessitated by new conditions of 
warfare. To him the army was a profession that demands all a man has to 
give but that makes abundant recompense in the knowledge of worthy service 
rendered the nation. He had the capacity for deep' friendship characteristic of 
men of unusual strength of character and tile, .place which he !la.6lq in the esteem 
and affection of those who knew him intirha'tely is' 'indicated ini the following 
tribute to his memory by his friend, G. P. Monell-: - ■ ••••• ? 

"'He was my friend, faithful and just CQ.'jB.e*! ...Jlu^-SHatJss^earean saying 
of Marcus Antonius over the body of dead Caesar, best describes the dominant 
characteristic of Colonel Miller's life. Faithful and just, tender and true, might 
well be inscribed upon the stone that marks the spot where he sleeps till the 
final reveille. These qualities, covering all that is knightly, all that is noble, 
went to make up the daily routine of the life he lived for the glory and honor 
of his country. No promise that he ever made, however lightly, was too small 
to be faithfully remembered and religiously fulfilled. No fault that he observed 
was too great or too trivial to meet with less or more than exact justice. Of- 
ficially he had no friends; those who gave best service were best rewarded, re- 
gardless of his personal predilections. Looking back over the past four years 
of close and intimate friendship, they seem to reflect back his past and sound 
out his whole life as embodied living truth ; even in his lightest moods he scorned 
exaggeration as beneath the dignity of his manhood. Deeply learned in all the 
intricate business of army life and regulations, quick to see the right and wrong 
of any question, recognizing no middle course, his decisions were instant and 
final and his reasons unassailable. Officially he was a dignified, gallant and 
knightly soldier. In private life he represented the highest type of American 
gentleman. Hospitable, kindly, witty, he made those who visited his home feel 
that they belonged 'right there' and his friends were part of himself. His 
character, always straightforward and intensely honest, presented so many sides 
and all so simple and unassuming that those who knew him best loved him 
most." 

Colonel Miller was married in Walla Walla, November 20, 1879, to Miss 



220 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Anna Abbott, a daughter of John F. Abbott, who was a well known resident of 
Walla Walla, and a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work. Colonel 
Miller passed away at the General Memorial Hospital in Xew York, April 13, 
1913. To him and his wife were born three children, of whom the eldest died 
in infancy. Harlan Abbott, born at Fort Walla Walla, is now a rancher in 
Umatilla county, Oregon. Margaret Isabelle is the wife of Julian Foster 
Humphrey, chief officer of the Transport Crook, U. S. N. 



HON. DENNIS COOLEY GUERNSEY. 

Hon. Dennis Cooley Guernsey, whose history is closely interwoven with 
the records of Columbia county, is now extensively engaged in the real estate, 
insurance and loan business in Starbuck. He has at different periods figured 
prominently as a bank official, as the incumbent in public office in the county 
and as representative of his district in the territorial legislature of 1879, and 
with many business interests he has been closely associated, so that his labors 
have contributed in marked measure to the material development and to the 
upbuilding of the state. He was born in Janesville, Wisconsin, on the 13th of 
.\pril, 1845, a son of Orrin and Sarah (Cooley) Guernsey, who were natives 
of Connecticut. They removed to New Hampshire in childhood days with their 
respective parents and were there reared and married. In 1843 they migrated 
westward, establishing their home in Janesville, Wisconsin, where they spent 
their remaining days. In early life the father was engaged in merchandising 
and in later years became identified with the insurance business. 

Dennis C. Guernsey, whose name introduces this review, was educated in the 
Janesville schools, completing a high school course. He was a youth of but 
sixteen years when the Civil war broke out and in the fall of 1863, when but 
eighteen years of age, he enlisted for service and was assigned to duty with 
Company E of the Twenty-second Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, which became 
a part of the Second Brigade, Third Division, of the Twentieth Army Corps, 
commanded by Colonel Joe Hooker. He was with Sherman on the celebrated 
march to the sea and after returning to Washington, following the close of 
hostilities, the members of Sherman's command were recruited and formed the 
temporary division of the Fourteenth Army Corps, which was sent under Jeff 
C. Davis to Louisville, Kentucky, Van Dorn of the Southwestern Department 
having not yet surrendered. They were mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, 
on the 18th of July, 1865, and later Mr. Guernsey returned to Janesville, Wis- 
consin, where he engaged in the insurance business. Three years afterward, 
or in 1868, he went to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he became a dealer in 
wood and coal, continuing in that business until 1870. In January, 1871, he was 
appointed an officer of the reform school at Waukesha, Wisconsin. In the 
meantime, however, following his return to Janesville, he had done other mili- 
tary service. Major General Starkweather, who had gone out with the First 
Wisconsin as colonel and who rose to the rank of major general of volunteers, 
took command of the Milwaukee Light Guards, of which he had been captain 
at the outbreak of the war. Mr. Guernsey joined the Light Guards and was with 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 223 

that command at the inauguration of Governor Fairchilds at Madison in January, 
1869. After spending a few months as an officer in the reform school in 
Waukesha, Wisconsin, he again went to Janesville, where he accepted a position 
with a hardware firm as bookkeeper. The lure of the west, however, was upon 
him and on the 14th of October, 1871, he turned his face toward the setting sun 
and on the 9th of November reached Walla Walla, having traveled by rail as 
far as Keton, Utah, and thence through Boise, Baker, LaGrande to Walla Walla 
by stage. After spending ten days in that city he proceeded to Dayton, the town 
having been platted only a few days before, and on Mr. Guernsey's arrival 
there were but two buildings in the town, one being the residence of J. N. Day, 
while the other was known as the "red store," the property of Kimball & Day. 
On the 1st of Decerpber Mr. Guernsey succeeded Ralph Kimball in the store 
and was employed by the firm until the fall of 1874, when he became a partner 
in the business under the firm style of Day, Guernsey & Company. In the fall of 
1875 he withdrew from that organization and formed a new company, entering 
into partnership with F. G. Frary, superintendent of the Dayton Woolen Mills, 
and A. H. Reynolds, of Walla Walla, who was the only banker this side of The 
Dalles. The new firm was organized under the style of D. C. Guernsey & Com- 
pany. In 1876 Mr. Frary and Mr. Reynolds withdrew and Mr. Guernsey was 
joined by H. H. Wolfe under the firm name of Guernsey & Wolfe. He thus 
continued active in merchandising in Dayton until 1880, when he sold out. From 
the beginning of his residence there he took active part in the upbuilding and 
progress of the new town. 

In 1876 Mr. Guernsey was instructed by the commissioners of the new county 
of Columbia — F. G. Frary, G. T. Pollard of Huntsville and E. Oliver of Pomeroy 
— to call a special election for the purpose of choosing county officers. Mr. 
Guernsey was elected county treasurer for one year and at the first biennial 
election was chosen for a full term at a salary of three hundred dollars per year, 
the officers being required to serve at a "moderate salary" inasmuch as this was 
an infant county. In 1878 he was chosen to represent his district in the terri- 
torial legislature and on the 31st of July, 1880, he succeeded L. F. A. Shaw in 
the office of deputy collector of internal revenue under Major James R. Hayden. 
He occupied that position for three years and then surrendered the office to 
H. W. Fairweather. On the 4th of May, 1884, Mr. Guernsey entered the 
Columbia National Bank of Dayton as cashier and had complete charge of the 
bank's affairs through the following sixteen years, at which time his brother, 
F. W. Guernsey, became cashier, while D. C. Guernsey was made vice president 
and manager of the institution. He successfully carried the bank through the 
panic of 1893, although he closed one Saturday night with but five hundred and 
fifty dollars in the bank. However, he most carefully safeguarded the interests 
of the institution and managed to weather the financial storm which swept over 
the entire country in that year. He remained in his official capacity with the 
bank until 1900, when he retired, the institution at that time having deposits of 
three hundred and seventy-four thousand dollars. He then turned his attention 
to the real estate, insurance and loan business in Dayton and in 1904 he took 
charge of a mining camp on the Omnaha in Willowa county, Oregon, for the 
Eureka Alining Company, his position being that of managing director. While 
there he built the wagon road down Deer creek from Dobbins Cabin to Snake 



224 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

river. He occupied the position of director of the mining camp for two years, 
after which he returned to Dayton and through the succeeding two years gave 
his attention to the real estate and insurance business. In 1908 he removed to 
Starbucli to assist in straightening out the affairs of the Bank of Starbuck, of 
which institution he was made casliier, occupying that position for a period of 
two and a half years. He then resigned and established his present business, 
with which he has since been prominently identified, being today one of the 
foremost real estate, loan and insurance agents in this part of the state. One of 
the local papers said : "D. C. Guernsey has been a most important factor in the 
development of Columbia 'county and the moulding of civilized life in the 
great state of Washington. During the early history of Columbia county, hardly 
a business transaction was carried through or a public enterprise launched that 
was not inspired by the brain or fostered by the public-spiritedness of Mr. 
Guernsey." He helped to organize and was the first president of the Dayton 
Electric Light Company and built many of the buildings in that city in the block 
in which the Columbia National Bank is located. He organized the Dayton 
Hotel Company, which built the hotel, and was its president for several years. 

Mr. Guernsey has also left the impress of his individuality in marked manner 
upon the political history of the state. In politics he has always been a stanch 
republican and was a leader in the party from the time when there were but 
twelve republicans who went from Walla Walla to Lewiston. In 1879, when he 
became a member of the territorial legislature, he became a member of what 
was known as the bunch grass delegation, which became the controlling factor 
in the general assembly. He was made chairman of the ways and means com- 
mittee and did important work in that connection. In 1890 he was appointed 
a member of the state harbor line commission by Governor Ferry, the first state 
governor, and was active in the work of the commission, which located all the 
harbor lines in the state and submitted the plans to the United States war 
department. Mr. Guernsey also became identified with the military interests 
of the northwest. He assisted in organizing the Dayton Grays, which merged 
into Company F of the First Washington Regiment for service in the Philip- 
pines. He was also paymaster and battalion adjutant of the Second Washington 
Regiment under Colonel Pike. 

On the 23d of September, 1873, Mr. Guernsey was married to Miss Harriet 
E. Day, a daughter of Dr. W. W. Day, who was the first physician in Dayton, 
where his son and grandson are now practicing, so that the name of Dr. Day 
has always been associated with that city. To Mr. and Mrs. Guernsey have been 
born five children, four of Whom are yet living: William Day, a journalist 
connected with a newspaper of Schenectady, New York; Frank Day, a mining 
man of Jerome, Arizona ; Minerva G., the wife of George F. Price, of Dayton ; 
and Helen G., the wife of Frank E. Girton, of Covello, Washington. 

In fraternal relations Mr. Guernsey has occupied a very prominent position. 
He was made a Mason in Independence Lodge, No. 80, F. & A. M., of Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin, in November, 1869, and was made a Royal Arch Mason in Walla 
Walla Chapter, No. i, in 1880. He became a charter member and is a past 
master of Columbia Lodge, No. 26, F. & A. M., of Dayton, and on the formation 
of Dayton Chapter, No. 5, R. A. M., he also became a charter member of that 
organization and is a past higli priest. He is likewise a member and past emi- 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 225 

nent commander of Washington Commandery, No. i, K. T., is a member of the 
Lodge of Perfection and the Chapter of Rose Croix in Walla Walla and of the 
Knights of Kodosh and of Spokane Consistory, A. A. S. R. He likewise has 
membership with the Knights Commander Court of Honor. He was the first 
chancellor commander in Organization Lodge, No. 3, K. P., and is the oldest 
chancellor commander in the state. He also has connection with various other 
fraternal organizations and has been very prominent in that connection for many 
years. His has been a guiding hand in shaping the history of southeastern 
Washington in its material, social and political progress and at all times he has 
been actuated by high ideals, looking ever to the benefit and upbuilding of his 
section of the state. Great indeed have been the changes which have occurred 
since his arrival in Columbia county. The seeds of civilization had scarcely been 
planted when he reached Dayton and from that time forward he has cooperated 
in all movements which have been instituted for public benefit, and without 
invidious distinction he may be termed the foremost resident of Starbuck. 



DICK HARPER. 



Dick Harper, who is filling the position of county atiditor in Columbia county, 
Washington, and makes his home in Dayton, was born August 12, 1863, in 
Washburn, Woodford county, Illinois. His father, James D. Harper, was a 
native of Sullivan county, Indiana, born in 1838, and when quite young removed 
to central Illinois, where his boyhood and youth were passed. He was a grad- 
uate of Eureka College, Eureka, Illinois, and devoted his entire life to educa- 
tional work. He married Marion A. Jenkins when twenty-five years of age and 
passed away in Dayton, Washington, in February, 1901. His wife is a rep- 
resentative of a pioneer family of New York and is now living in Dayton at the 
age of eighty years and is splendidly preserved. She lived for a few months in 
the same house with Abraham Lincoln during the famous Lincoln-Douglas cam- 
paign. She has a brother living at the age of ninety years, who was an officer 
in the Civil war, holding the rank of first lieutenant. 

Dick Harper acquired a common school education in Missouri and also at- 
tended the State Normal School at Warrensburg, Missouri. In 1885, when a 
young man of twenty-two years, he took charge of a drug store for his brother- 
in-lav/ at Rich Hill, Missouri, and successfully managed the business for a 
period of seven years, after which he came to the Pacific coast, arriving in Port- 
land, Oregon, in the spring of 1892. In the fall of that year he came to Day- 
ton, where he was identified with farming and with the grain trade until the 
spring of 1903, when he established a furniture store in Dayton and soon won 
for himself a place among the active and representative merchants of the city. 
In igo6 he purchased the Day drug store at Dayton, which he conducted suc- 
cessfully for seven years. 

On the 27th of October, 1886, in Butler, Bates county, Missouri, Mr. Har- 
per was united in marriage to Miss Laura A. Floyd, a daughter of John H. 
and Sarah A. Floyd. They have a daughter, Florence Marion, who is the wife 



226 OLD WAI.I.A WALLA COUNTY 

cf Lloyd R. Ter\villij,^cr, who is lixin.s,'' in Walla Walla and is eniploj-ed in the 
First National Bank of that city. 

Mr. Harper has long hcen an active and helpful member of the Christian 
church and he has membership with the Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias 
and the ALisons. For a number of years he served as secretary of Dayton Chap- 
ter, R. A. M., and in his life has always exemplified the beneficent spirit of the 
craft. He belongs to the Dayton Commercial Club and is a member of its 
governing board. In politics he is a democrat. In 1898 he was made county 
auditor of Columbia county by popular vote and in 1910 and 191 1 served as 
councilman at large. He was chairman of the street and public property com- 
mittee and also of the light and water committee. In 1912 he was elected mayor 
of the city and in 1916 was appointed police judge. He has thus long continued 
in public office and those who read between the lines will recognize the important 
part which he has played in public aflfairs in Dayton, winning for himself a most 
creditable position in commercial and political circles. In a word, he has exer- 
cised much influence over public thought and opinion and has done much to 
advance public progress in his adopted city. 



CAI.DER H. WHITEMAN. 

No class of Walla W^alla's citizens is more highly esteemed than the many 
retired farmers who here make their home and among them is numbered Calder 
H. Whiteman, who was bom in Keokuk county, Iowa, April 29, 1851. His par- 
ents, John B. and Eliza G. (Colville) Whiteman, were natives of West Vir- 
ginia and Kentucky respectively but were married in Indiana. In 1850 they 
became settlers of Iowa but later returned to Indiana, where the mother died. 
The father was subsequently married twice. In 1874 he made the long journey 
to Oregon and four years later took up his residence in Umatilla county, that 
state. He died in Milton October 5, 1910. 

Calder H. Whiteman, who is an only child by the first marriage, remained 
with his father until he attained his majority and received his education in 
the common schools. On beginning his independent career he rented a farm 
near Salem, Oregon, having decided to devote his life to the occupation to 
which he had been reared. After farming that place for three years he removed 
to Umatilla county and took up a homestead, the operation of which occupied 
his time and attention until his removal to Walla Walla in 1901. In the inter- 
vening years he brought the place to a high state of cultivation and made many 
improvements thereon, making it one of the most up-to-date and valuable farms 
in that locality. In 191 1 he sold the Umatilla county property and bought a 
farm in \Vhitman county, W'ashington, near Lacrosse, which he still retains. 
He and his son now own fourteen hundred and forty acres, all fine wheat land, 
well improved, and their holdings place them among the large landowners of 
eastern W^ashington. Mr. Whiteman of this review makes his home in Walla 
W^alla and his residence here is commodious, pleasing in design and thoroughly 
modern in its appointments. 

Mr. Whiteman was married in 1874 to Miss Ella M. Dorman and they became 




ilK. AXU .MKS. LALDEK H. WHITKMAX 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 229 

the parents of four children, of whom three survive: Jessie L., the wife of F. 
E. Allison of Lind, Washington; Clarence C, a resident of Pendleton, Oregon; 
and Calder Otis, who is his father's partner in his farming interests. The wife 
and mother passed away in 1896 and in 1897 Mr. Whiteman was married to 
Mrs. Mary M. (Jackson) Morton, a native of Canada. By her first marriage 
she had two children, both of whom have passed away. 

Mr. Whiteman endorses the principles of the republican party and gives 
his loyal support to its candidates at the polls. For four years he was a mem- 
ber of the city council of Walla Walla and liis record in that office is one of 
unusually capable work in behalf of the welfare of the municipality. For 
twenty-two years he has been a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows and he also belongs to the Woodmen of the World and the women's branch 
of that organization, known as the Women of Woodcraft. Both he and his wife 
are active members of the Christian church, of which he is an elder, and he is 
also president of the board of directors of the Northwest Christian Home of 
Idaho, Montana, Oregon and Washington at Walla Walla. It is under the 
supervision of the Benevolent Association of the Christian church, which organ- 
ization is designed to erect homes and hospitals for the young, old and needy 
of that church, and Air. Whiteman gives much of his time to looking after 
the affairs of that institution. The prominence which he has gained establishes 
beyond question his ability, for his advancement has at all times come as the 
direct result of his own efforts and he is indeed a self-made man. 



P. B. DOWLING; 



The average farmer is apt to think of Washington as a great forest country, 
and while there are wonderful tracts of timber land, making this one of the 
leading centers of the lumber industry on the continent, there are also great 
stretches which are most splendidly adapted to farming and particularly to wheat 
raising, so that Washington has come to be known as one of the great wheat 
producing states of the Union. Among those who in following farming have 
devoted their attention to wheat culture in Walla Walla county is P. B. Dowling, 
who in 1887 arrived in this section of the state and who is now the owner of one 
hundred and forty acres of land, constituting one of the best farms in the Walla 
Walla valley. He was born in Springfield, Illinois, March 14, i860, and is a 
son of William and Margaret Dowling, who were natives of Ireland. They 
came to America in early life and established their home in Illinois, but after- 
ward both returned to Ireland and their last days were spent in that country. 

P. B. Dowling was accordingly reared and educated in Ireland, where he 
had good opportunities for developing his intellectual powers, being given a 
college education. He was graduated from the London \'eterinary College and 
engaged in the practice of his chosen profession with success for a number of 
years. In 1886, however, he determined to return to his native land and crossed 
the Atlantic to America, first establishing his home in De Kalb county, Illinois. 
He came to the northwest with W. L. Elwood, a well known importer of horses, 
and in 1887 brought the first carload of Percheron horses that was shipped into 



230 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

the v.illey. He afterward purchased the farm whereon he now resides, com- 
prising one hundred and forty acres of very rich and productive farm land, 
upon which he has placed many modern improvements. Here he has lived con- 
tinuously since and has long been numbered among the representative and suc- 
cessful agriculturists of this part of the state. 

Li 1890 Air. Dowling was united in marriage to Miss Katherine Rourke, who 
was born and reared upon the farm where Mr. Dowling now resides. The wife 
passed away, however, in 1903, and was laid to rest in Mountain View ceme- 
tery. She left a husband, two brothers and three sisters to mourn her loss and 
there were many friends who deeply regretted her passing. 

Mr. Dowling gives his political allegiance to the republican party and is 
thoroughly informed concerning the questions and issues of the day. He is a 
self-made man who owes his business advancement entirely to his own efforts. 
He is recognized as one of the prominent men of the valley, being forceful and 
resourceful in his business connections, while in matters of citizenship he stands 
with patriotic loyalty for all that tends to advance the welfare and progress of 
this section of the state. 



HENRY A. KAUSCHE. 



Henry ,\. Kausche devoted his active life to fanning in Garfield county 
but at the time of his death was living retired in Pomeroy. His birth occurred 
in Germany, February 16, 1839, and he was a son of Christopherson and Hannah 
Kausche, who were born in Germany and there remained for a number of years 
after their marriage. In 185 1, however, they came to America and for a short 
time lived in New York. They then removed to Michigan, which remained 
their home for more than twenty years. At length they came to Washington 
to make their home with their son, Henry A., and both passed away in Garfield 
county. All of their three children are likewise deceased. 

Henry A. Kausche received the greater part of his education in Germany, 
as he was twelve years of age when brought by his parents to the United 
States. He grew to manhood in Michigan and lived there for five years after 
his marriage. At the end of that time he went to Johnson county, Missouri, 
but after residing there for six years cast in his lot with the Pacific nortlnvest, 
settling in Linn county, Oregon. Some time later, in 1878, he came to Garfield 
county, Washington, and took up a claim. He resided upon that place continu- 
ously until 1902 and as the years passed he brought his farm to a high state of 
development. He extended its boundaries by purchase, becoming the owner of 
eight hundred acres, from which he derived a gratifying income. In 1902, feel- 
ing that he had earned a period of leisure, he retired and removed to Pomeroy, 
where he passed away July 4, 1903. 

Mr. Kausche was married June 8, 1865, to Miss Paulina Lohrbert, who was 
bom in Ohio and is a daughter of Frederick and Katherine (Rock) Lohrbert. 
The father was born in Gemiany but in young manhood came to the United 
States and took up his residence in Ohio, of which state his wife was a native, 
and there their marriage occurred. In 1860 they removed to Michigan, where 




HKMRV A . KAU S CHE 



■^uc NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 23;j 

they lived until called by death. All of their five children still survive. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Kausche were born eleven children, of whom five are living, 
namely: Laura, the wife of Andrew J. Brown, of Spokane, Washington; Eve- 
lyn, who married Leo McMullen and now resides in Canada; Ida A., the wife 
of George McCarty; Alvina, the wife of Henry Freeborn; and Charles A., who 
is operating the homestead. 

Mr. Kausche was a democrat in politics and felt the concern of a good citi- 
zen for the public welfare but was never an aspirant for office. His life was 
a busy and useful one and his labors were felt as a factor in the agricultural 
development of Garfield county. He had made many friends and his demise 
was the occasion of deep regret. 



ROBERT KENNEDY. 



In the great wheat growing belt of eastern Washington lies the farm of 
Robert Kennedy, his place being situated on section 15, township 7 north, range 
36 east, Walla Walla county. It is a valuable tract of land of nine hundred and 
twenty acres, all of which has been brought under a high state of cultivation 
and annually the great wheat yield returns to him a most gratifying income. 
Mr. Kennedy still gives supervision to the wqrk of the- place- although he has 
now passed the eighty-seventh milestone on life^^s , journey. H"e vvas born in 
Rush county, Indiana, June 20, 1830, a son fcf John and Margaret Kennedy, 
both of whom were natives of Tennessee. Removing northward to Indiana, 
they resided in that state for a time and later became, residents of Shelby county, 
Illinois, where both passed away. 

Robert Kennedy started out in life on his own account when a youth of but 
fourteen years and in 185 1, when twenty-one years of age, he crossed the plains 
to the Pacific coast, attracted by the opportunities of the great and growing 
west. He made his way to Oregon, where he settled on a farm and continued a 
resident of that place for eight years. In 1859 he arrived in Walla Walla 
county and settled on Dry creek, where he has since made his home. As the 
years have passed he has added to his possessions, his industry and determina- 
tion bringing to him larger resources. His investments in farm property have 
made him the owner of nine hundred and twenty acres of valuable wheat land 
and upon his place are many substantial improvements. His farm presents a 
very neat and thrifty appearance and is supplied with all modern conveniences. 

Mr. Kennedy has been married twice. He first wedded Miss Anna Smith 
and they became the parents of three children of whom only one is now living, 
L. L. Kennedy, a resident farmer of Oregon. The wife and mother passed 
away in 1876 and in 1879 Mr. Kennedy was again married, his second union 
being with Mrs. Margaret (Jackson) Dennison. Mrs. Kennedy is a cousin 
of William Dennison, who was governor of Ohio. To Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy 
have been born seven children: Rebecca, the deceased wife of Professor R. E. 
Staflford; Martha, the wife of John Connell ; Robert P.; Edna; William B. ; 
B. H. ; and Edith May, who has passed away. 

In his political views Mr. Kennedy is a republican, having suppcted the 



234 ■ OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

party since its organization. He has served on the school board and the cause 
of public education finds in him an earnest advocate. Fraternally he is con- 
nected with the Masons, although of late years he has not been active in lodge 
work. He and his wife are active and consistent members of the Christian 
church and Mrs. Kennedy is now the oldest member of the church at Walla 
Walla. Their lives have been guided by its teachings and their many excellent 
traits of character have won for them the warm regard and high esteem of all 
who know them. Mr. Kennedy is one of the venerable citizens of Walla Walla 
county and can look back upon the past without regret and forward to the 
future without fear, for his has ever been an honorable life. Fifty-six years 
have come and gone since he arrived in the west and therefore he has been a 
witness of the greater part of its growth and progress. 



E. H. LEONARD. 



E. H. Leonard, who has long been known as a ]>roininent representative of 
milling interests in the northwest, is now the vice president of the Preston- 
Shaffer Milling Company and active manager of its mill at Waitsburg. He was 
bom in Walla Walla, May i6, 1873, and is a son of Thomas S. and Sarilda R. 
(Herren) Leonard. The father was a native of the state of New York, and the 
mother of Oregon having been one of the first white children born in that state. 
The date of the father's birth was April 25, 1840. He acquired a good educa- 
tion in the schools of that early period and in i860 removed westward to Illi- 
nois, where for three years he engaged in teaching school, spending a part of 
the time also in Iowa. In 1863 he enlisted in the government service, being 
made a member of an organization for the purpose of rendering assistance and 
guidance to emigrant trains crossing the plains. On reaching the Boise river 
his train, feeling in comparative safety, disbanded and Mr. Leonard continued 
his journey to the coast, arriving in Portland, Oregon, late in November, 1863. 
when that now populous and progressive city was a town of but three thousand 
inhabitants. He afterward drifted to various points in the northwest and sub- 
sequently again took up educational work, teaching in the vicinity of Salem, 
Oregon, where he remained until about 1S71. In the fall of that year he came 
to Walla Walla and in the spring of 1872 he removed to Dayton, where he has 
since resided. In the fall of that year he and his wife took charge of the Dayton 
school and in the spring of 1873 removed to a government land claim. In 1876 
Mr. Leonard assisted in the organization of Columbia county and was elected 
the first county superintendent of schools. On the expiration of his term in 
that office he returned to the homestead and has since been engaged in farming. 
He has taken an active and important part in promoting the development of 
county and state along material and intellectual lines and has left the impress of 
his individuality for good upon the history of the community. In 186S Mr. 
Leonard was united in marriage to Miss Sarilda R. Herren, a daughter of John 
and Docia (Robbins) Herren, who crossed the plains from Kentucky to Ore- 
gon in 1845. They settled near Salem, among the very early pioneers of that 
section. On her mother's side Mrs. Leonard comes of a family represented in 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 235 

the Revolutionary war, her great-grandfather, William Robbins, having been 
a participant in that struggle which led to the attainment of American independ- 
ence. T. S. Leonard is one of the prominent citizens of Dayton and has 
for many years taken a prominent and helpful part in the development of 
Columbia county. 

E. H. Leonard was reared to farm life and his education has been practically 
self acquired. He worked in his father's fields until his twenty-fifth year and 
in 1898 he became connected with milling operations as an employe of the 
North Pacific Flour Mills Company at Prescott. In March, 1900, he was made 
foreman of the mills and in July of the same year, when the mills were acquired 
by the Portland Flouring Mills Company, Mr. Leonard was made manager, 
which position he continued to fill until 1904. In that year he was advanced to 
the position of district manager with the Portland Flouring Mills Company 
and in that connection had supervision over the mills of Dayton and Prescott 
and later also of Walla Walla. He continued in that capacity until January i, 
1916, at which time, having acquired an interest in the Preston-Shafifer Milling 
Company at Waitsburg, he was made assistant manager and removed to Waits- 
burg. This company also owns mills at Athena, Oregon. At the first meeting 
of the directors after his removal to Waitsburg, Mr. Leonard was elected to 
the vice presidency of the company in recognition of his marked ability and his 
long experience in the milling business. There is no phase of flour manufacture 
with which he is not familiar and in the operation of the plants of the Preston- 
Shaff^er Company he utilizes the latest improved machinery and the most modern 
processes, displaying marked enterprise in the control of the business. While 
thus extensively engaged in milling for nineteen years he has also continued 
his farming operations and now owns and operates two farms in Walla Walla 
county, comprising twenty-five hundred acres. He has thus become one of the 
prominent wheat growers of the Inland Empire. Either one of his business con- 
nections are sufficiently extensive and important to rank him with the repre- 
sentative business men of this section of the country. He is both forceful and 
resourceful and readily recognizes and utilizes opportunities which others pass 
heedlessly by. He is fortunate in that he possesses character and ability that 
awaken confidence in others and the simple weight of his character and his 
ability have carried him into important relations. 

In November. 1900, occurred the marriage of Mr. Leonard and Miss Minnie 
Belle Lieuallen, of Portland, Oregon, and they have become the parents of three 
children : Mineta Belle, who is attending high school ; Edgar Hugh, a student in 
the graded schools; and Joanna Jeanne. 

Mr. Leonard is a republican in his political views and fraternally is connected 
with Waitsburg Lodge, No. 16, A. F. & A. M. ; Dayton Chapter, No. 5, R. A. M. ; 
and Walla Walla Commandery, No. i, K. T. He also has membership with El 
Katif Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Spokane, and belongs to Whetstone 
Lodge, No. 157, K. of P., of Prescott. His record is an inspiring one, for out 
of a struggle with small opportunities he has come into a field of broad and 
active influence and usefulness. Quick discernment and the faculty of sep- 
arating the important features of any subject from its incidental or accidental 
circumstances have been strong phases in his career. His business has ever 
balanced up with the principles of truth and honor. He has ever been possessed 



236 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

of sufficient courage to venture where favoring opportunity is presented and his 
judgment and even-paced energy have carried him forward to the goal of suc- 
cess. His quietude of deportment, his frankness and cordiaHty of address, with 
the total absence of anything sinister or anything to conceal, foretoken a man 
who is ready to meet any obligation of life with the confidence and courage that 
come of conscious personal ability, right conception of things and an habitual 
regard for what is best in the exercise of human activity. 



JOHN F. BREWER. 



Twelve years have passed since John F. Brewer was called to his final rest, 
but his memory is cherished by many who knew him, as he stood as a high type 
of manhood and citizenship and was devoted to the welfare and progress not only 
of his family but of the community in which he lived. He was born in Scotland 
county, Missouri, November 9, 1842, a son of David and Susan (.Small) Brewer, 
who crossed the plains with an ox team in 1853, reaching Salem, Oregon, where 
they established their home. Their son, John F., was then a little lad of ten 
years and he completed his public school training in Salem, while later he pur- 
sued a course of study in Sublimity College, some fourteen miles from Salem. 
He then took up the profession of , teaching,- which he followed in the public 
schools for many years, imparting readily and clearly to others the knowledge 
that he had acquired. In 1872 he removed to- the Walla Walla valley, where he 
engaged in farming. His agricultural interests were carefully and successfully 
conducted and for many years he concentrated his efforts and attention upon the 
development of the fields. At length, however, he left the farm and removed to 
Walla Walla, building a handsome home on Boyer avenue. In 1876 he purchased 
a large tract of land east of the city and became one of the leading and extensive 
farmers of Walla Walla county. In 1890 he removed to Seattle, where he platted 
a tract of land which he called the Walla Walla addition but in this enterprise 
he was not successful and returned to Walla Walla, where his investments were 
judiciously made, his business affairs capably managed and his enterprise brought 
to him a very gratifying and substantial measure of success. 

In March, 1872, Mr. Brewer was united in marriage to Miss Adora D. Stan- 
ton, a native of Oregon and a daughter of Benjamin and Matilda (Baldwin) 
Stanton. Her parents were natives of Kentucky and crossed the plains by wagon 
in 1852, settling near .Salem, Oregon. They had a family of eleven children, of 
whom seven are still living. Mr. and Mrs. Brewer became the parents of nine 
children, namely: John, who is manager of the Commercial Club at The Dalles, 
Oregon, but is now in the government service at Portland Oregon ; Merton, a 
practicing attorney at Auburn, Washington; Ada, who has passed away; Frank, 
living in Walla Walla county; Maud, the wife of Charles Ulm, of Ritzville; 
Bertha, who is the widow of Eugene Dunbar and now lives in Anchorage, 
Alaska; Dora, who is the wife of Fred Snedecor, of Corona, California; Roy, 
who is a sergeant in the United States army with the First Illinois Infantry; and 
Luella, the wife of Frank Harlow, of Los Angeles, California. 

Mrs. Brewer owns a fine residence on Boyer avenue in Walla Walla, where 




.lOnX F. P.RKWKR 




MRS. JOHN F. BREWER 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 241 

she resides, and in addition she has five hundred and twenty acres of valuable 
wheat land near the city and another tract of eight hundred acres in Franklin 
county. She is an active and prominent member of the Sunshine Club and is 
also connected with the Eastern Star and church organizations. Mr. Brewer left 
his family in very comfortable financial circumstances when death called him on 
the 2 1 St of February, 1905. He was one of the valued and respected citizens 
of this section of the country. He took an active part in the development of 
Walla Walla county and never withheld his support from any enterprise that he 
believed would prove beneficial in any way. He was intensely patriotic and he 
stood for all that was progressive in relation to public aflfairs. He served for 
several terms as alderman of his city and at the time of his death was filling the 
position of councilman for his ward. To him belongs the honor of being the 
father of the paid fire department of Walla Walla, which has proven successful 
and satisfactory even beyond his confident predictions. Fraternally he was 
connected with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias, 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen and the Royal Arcanum, while his 
religious faith was indicated by his membership in the First Presbyterian church. 
His home paper, in writing of his death, said : "In the death of John Brewer, 
Walla Walla loses one of her best and most progressive citizens. No citizen 
of the town had more warm personal friends, and his demise has brought sadness 
to many a home. As private citizen and public official he always strove to do his 
full duty. He endeavored to be just to all men and he spoke ill of no one. He 
was broad-minded and conservative, generous and public spirited. It would 
be hard to find a man in the community with fewer faults and more virtues. 
His home life was ideal and it is no wonder that those nearest and dearest to 
him find it so hard to reconcile themselves to the loss of a kind and loving 
husband and father." 

"I cannot say and will not say 

That he is dead, he is just away ; 

He has wandered into an unknown land 

With a cheery smile and a wave of the hand; 

And left us dreaming how very fair 

It needs must be, since he lingers there." 



VICTOR E. SIEBERT. 



Victor E. Siebert is a member of the firm of Osterman & Siebert, known as 
Walla Walla's foremost architects, in which connection he has developed skill 
of the highest degree, and his patronage is indicative of the high order of his work. 
He is a native son of Walla Walla, born October 3, 1884, his parents being Chris 
and Minnie (Nahen) Siebert, the former a native of Berlin, Germany, while the 
latter was born in Red Bluff, California. The father was reared to manhood and 
pursued his education in his native country and served throughout the Franco- 
Prussian war. Following that conflict, in 1875, he came to the United States, 
making his way to Oconto, Wisconsin, but after a brief period there passed he 
removed westward to Washington, establishing his home in Asotin county, where 



Vol. 11 — 10 



242 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

he took up a homestead claim and lived for a few years. He lat r removed to 
Walla Walla county and purchased a farm six or eight miles east of the city 
of W^alla Walla, on which he resided for some time. He next removed to the 
city, where he now makes his home. He is still active in farming in a small 
way but in a measure has put aside the arduous duties of life. 

Victor E. Siebert, whose name introduces this review, was educated in the 
Baker school of Walla Walla and when eighteen years of age he be.gan the 
study of architecture in the office of Henry Osterman, with whom he thus 
remained for three years. He then went east to complete his education and 
entered the Boston Technical School in the fall of 1906. There he pursued a 
special course in architecture, attending the institution for four years. After 
completing his studies he entered into partnership with Peter F. McLaughlin 
and established business in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, under the firm style of 
McLaughlin & Siebert. This relationship existed for two and a half years, at 
the end of v^'hich time the partnership was dissolved and in the fall of 1912 Mr. 
Siebert returned to Walla Walla and entered into partnership relations with Mr. 
Osterman, his former preceptor. They are well known architects of this city, 
the firm of Osterman & Siebert occupying a very creditable and enviable position 
in professional circles. Many of the most important buildings of the northwest 
have been designed and erected by them and stand as monuments of their skill, 
their enterprise and business ability. 

In 1910 Mr. Siebert was united in marriage to Miss Mary Hoelzel, of Adams, 
Massachusetts, and they have become the parents of two children, Henry and 
Gretchen. Mr. Siebert is a consistent member of Blue Mountain Lodge, No. 
13, F. & A. M., and also belongs to Columbus Council of the Knights of Kadosh, 
No. 6, of Walla Walla, and to Oriental Consistory, No. 2, A. & A. S. R. He is also 
connected with El Katif Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Spokane His political 
allegiance is given to the republican party. He belongs to the W'alla Walla 
Commercial Club and is one of the city's representative men, his aid and influence 
being always given on the side of progress and advancement, reform and improve- 
ment. He and his wife are members of the Christian Science church and their 
genuine personal worth has gained for them a circle of friends almost coextensive 
with the circle of their acquaintance. Thorough preliminary training has con- 
stituted the basis of Mr. Siebert's success in a professional way and fidelity to 
the highest standards of business has actuated him at every point in his career. 
The northwest is fortunate in having his services in connection with its important 
growth and development and Walla Walla is proud to number him among 
her citizens. 



WILLIAM T. LANE. 



William T. Lane is a Civil war veteran and a retired fanner who is now 
living in Starbuck. He was bom in Tennessee, December 27, 1841, and is a son 
of Tidence and Rebecca (Huhn) Lane, who were natives of Tennessee. The 
father was killed in that state by a falling tree. The mother afterward removed 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 243 

to Missouri, yhere her last days were passed. They had a family of three 
children but William T. is the only one now living. 

Througl:.- the period of his boyhood and youth William T. Lane remained a 
resident of Tennessee but in 1865, when twenty- four years of age, went to 
Missouri and established his home in Johnson county. In 1880 he came to 
Columbia county, where he rented a farm for two years and later he invested 
his savings in land, becoming owner of a place four miles south of Starbuck, 
comprising four hundred acres. He occupied that farm for twenty years, devoting 
his time and energies to its further development and improvement with the result 
that he converted it into a most valuable and productive agricultural property. At 
length he sold the place and settled in Starbuck, where he now resides, and through 
the intervening period he has lived retired, enjoying a well earned rest. 

In 1870 Mr. Lane was united in marriage to Miss Nettie Oliphant, a native 
of Missouri, and they became the parents of seven children : Nancy E., who is 
the wife of C. A. Gregory; Hattie E., who is the wife of W. E. Phillips; and five 
who have passed away. The wife and mother died in December, 1908, and was 
laid to rest in the Starbuck cemetery. She left a husband and two daughters to 
mourn her loss. She was devoted to the welfare of her family and had many 
excellent traits of character which endeared her to all with whom she was brought 
in contact. 

Mr. Lane is a member of the Christian church. He is a veteran of the Civil 
war, having enlisted in 1861 as a member of Company C, Sixty-first Tennessee 
Regiment. He was paroled at Vicksburg and came out without a scratch 
although he had taken part in several hotly contested battles. His life has been 
a busy and useful one, largely devoted to farming interests, and by unfaUering 
industry and determination he has advanced steadily on the highroad to success. 
He is one of the leading men of the valley in which he resides and is enjoying 
a prosperity which is the merited reward of his labors. 



J. W. CLODIUS. 



J. W. Clodius is a well known representative of farming interests in Walla 
Walla county, where he is now engaged in the cultivation of thirteen hundred 
acres of land. He makes his home on section 34, township 9 north, range 37 east, 
and his well directed energy and careful management are bringing to him sub- 
stantial success. He was born April 28, 1889, in the county where he yet resides, 
his parents being Hans F. and Catherine (Rhode) Clodius, who came to Walla 
Walla county in 1881. They were both natives of Germany, where they were 
reared and married, and about 1870 they crossed the Atlantic to the United 
States, settling in Illinois, where they remained until they came to Washington. 
On removing to the northwest they established their home in Walla Walla county 
and the father acquired land from time to time until he owned thirteen hundred 
acres. He settled on Mill creek and about 1897 removed to the home farm, upon 
which his son, J. W. Clodius, now resides. There he continued to live until 1913, 
when he put aside the active work of the fields and removed to Waitsburg, where 
he is now located. He is numbered among the honored and valued pioneer 



244 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

settlers of his section of the state and made for himself a creditable record in 
business circles, for through his individual effort, persistency of purpose and 
honorable dealing he gained a most substantial competence. 

J. W. Clodius acquired a public school education and through the period of 
his boyhood and youth remained at home, assisting his father in the operation of 
the farm. Upon the lattcr's removal to Waitsburg he then took charge of the 
home property and is now engaged in cultivating thirteen hundred acres of rich 
land. He is thus numbered among the leading agriculturists of the community. 
The methods which he pursues are most practical and progressive. He is syste- 
matic and methodical in all that he does, he employs the latest improved machinery 
to facilitate the work of the fields and by energy and persistency of purpose is 
winning success. 

On the 8th of Novem!)er, 191 1, Mr. Clodius was united in marriage to Miss 
Ina Mary Harkins, of W'aitsburg, a daughter of James Harkins, who is now 
deceased. Her mother, who bore the maiden name of Anna Elizabeth Harris, 
is now living on a farm in Bolles Junction. She was born, reared and married 
in Illinois, though her husband was a native of Davenport, Iowa. Shortly after 
their marriage they came west and located in Lane county, Oregon, where they 
remained until 1898 and then removed to Waitsburg, Washington, where the death 
of Mr. Harkins occurred. In their family were eight children, seven of whom 
are still living. Both Mr. and Mrs. Harkins held membership in the Christian 
church. Mr. and Mrs. Clodius have become the parents of two children, Emory 
W. and Brenda M. 

Fraternally Air. Clodius is connected with Walla Walla Lodge, No. 287, 
B. P. O. E. In politics he maintains an independent course, voting according to 
the dictates of his judgment. He is yet a comparatively young man but has made 
for himself a most creditable position in agricultural circles and the extent and 
importance of his farming interests are indicative of his business ability. 



THEODORE GROTE. 



Theodore Grote, one of the foremost farmers of Columbia county, Washing- 
ton, owning ten thousand acres of fine wheat and pasture land, was born in 
Germany, July 5, 1881, a son of John and Anna (Dryer) Grote, also natives of 
that country. In 1882 they emigrated to America with their family and took up 
their residence in Ohio, whence three years later they removed to Kansas. They 
resided in that state for three years and then came to Washington, first locating 
in Whitman county. In 1893, however, they removed to Walla Walla county, 
and there the father passed away in 191 5, while the mother survives. 

Theodore Grote, who is one of a family of five children, was brought to 
Washington when a child and in the acquirement of his education attended the 
common schools. In 1897 ^^ began farming in partnership with his father and 
brothers, operating eighteen hundred acres of leased land. He devoted six years 
to that work and then removed to Canada, where for a year he was in the sheep 
business. He then returned to Walla Walla and purchased fifty-five hundred 
acres of land and leased six thousand acres. Four years later he sold his property 



THE. NE''' 
PUBLIC LlbKA^l 



HI 1 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 247 

to his brother Ben, but after a period of two years he again purchased land, 
becoming the owner of a valuable tract in Columbia County on section lo, 
township II north, range 38 east. He has since added to his holdings and is now 
the owner of ten thousand acres, of which forty-three hundred acres is wheat 
land and the remainder pasture land. He has a herd of six hundred head of 
cattle and his stock raising interests are very profitable. As a wheat grower he 
met with unusual success, and he is always among the first to adopt a new method 
or implement of value. He is systematic and businesslike in the management of 
his affairs, realizing that the day of haphazard, unthinking farming has passed. 
Mr. Grote was married in February, 191 1, to Miss Matie C. Baumann, who 
was born in Washington. He is an advocate of the principles of the republican 
party but confines his participation in public affairs to the exercise of his right 
of franchise. He belongs to the Elks at Walla Walla and is a member of the 
Masonic Lodge, No. 106 F. & A. M., at Starbuck and of the Royal Arch Chapter 
at Dayton. His ability stands out as an unquestioned fact and it is generally 
recognized that he is an important factor in the development of Columbia county 
along agricultural and stock raising lines. 



A. G. LLOYD.- J!^;;v W},r ;;?;/'.■ ' 

Fifty-eight years ago A. G. Lloyd became a Resident of Walla Willa county 
and in a little log cabin began life in true pioneei>&tyi©., He. Iia3, howe.Ver, been a 
resident of the west for a much longer periocf. 'fh-ffamiiyhome having been 
established in Oregon in 1845. He was born in Missouri, July 25, 1836, his 
parents being John and Nancy (Walker) Lloyd, both of whom were natives of 
North Carolina. At a very early period they removed westward to Missouri 
and in 1845 crossed the plains with ox teams, making the long wearisome journey 
across the hot stretches of sand and over the mountains, three years before gold 
had been discovered in California, at which later time the traik to the west were 
more definitely marked and more easily followed. They located in Benton county, 
Oregon, where the father took up a donation claim of six hundred acres. There 
he built a log cabin covered with a clapboard roof and the chimney was built 
on the outside of the primitive dwelling. Hardships and privations fell to their 
lot but with stout hearts and undiminished courage they put forth every effort 
to establish a home on the western frontier and were active with those who 
were planting the seeds of civilization in Washington. The mother died while 
the family resided upon the homestead farm and the father afterward removed 
to Colfax, Washington, where he passed away in 1875. In their family were 
nine children, but one of whom is now living. 

A. G. Lloyd was reared and educated in Oregon, having been but a little lad 
of nine summers at the time of the removal to the west. There was no phase of 
pioneer Hfe with which he was not familiar. He served in the Tndian war on 
the Walla Walla river and was in the Seven-Day fight. He became familiar 
with all of the methods of treacherous warfare practiced by the savages and 
he aided in reclaiming the region for the purposes of civilization. He was 
mustered out in July, 1856, and returned to the work of the farm. 



248 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

In 1858 he was united in marriage to Miss Lois Jasper, a native of Kentucky 
and a daughter of John and Mary (Heath) Jasper, who were also natives of the 
Blue Grass state, whence in 1842 they removed to St. Joseph, Missouri. The 
father died in that state and the mother with her family of six children after- 
ward, in 1854, crossed the plains and became a resident of Benton county, Oregon. 
In the family were eight children, of whom three are now living. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd began their domestic life in Oregon, but in July, 1859, 
removed to Walla Walla county, Washington, where he secured a homestead 
claim of one hundred and sixty acres two and a half miles from Waitsburg on the 
Touchet river. Upon his land he built a log cabin with puncheon floor and door. 
The home was most primitive but it sheltered stout hearts and willing hands. 
They bravely faced the conditions of pioneer life in order to secure a home for 
themselves and for eight years they lived upon that place without change. At 
the end of that time Mr. Lloyd was able to purchase more land and his widow 
now owns two hundred acres, for some of which she has been offered three 
hundred dollars per acre. The rapid settlement of this section of the country, 
together with the improvements made upon the farm, have greatly enhanced the 
value of the property, which returns to Mrs. Lloyd a very gratifying annual 
income. In his business career Mr. Lloyd displayed marked diligence and 
determination and his farming interests were wisely and carefully managed, so 
that he became recognized as one of the foremost agriculturists of this section 
of the state. As the years went on eleven children were added to the family, of 
whom six are now living, namely: J. C, who is in California; G. M., a resident 
of Waitsburg ; Wesley A., who is occupying the old homestead ; Gilla Ann, the 
wife of C. C. Milinger, of Spokane, Washington; Ralph G., also lining in this 
state; and Angeline, the wife of F. G. Aldridge. 

The death of the husband and father occurred January 5, 191 5, since which 
time Mrs. Lloyd has personally managed the farm. Mr. Lloyd not only figured 
as one of the leading representatives of agricultural life in Walla Walla county 
but was a most prominent and influential factor in other connections. He attained 
the thirty-second degree of the Scottish Rite in Masonry and held all of the chairs 
in the different Masonic branches with which he was affiliated. His political 
allegiance was given the democratic party and he was one of its recognized 
leaders. His opinions carried weight in its councils and his efforts were an 
element in advancing its success. Five times he was elected to represent his 
district in the general assembly of Washington and he left the impress of his in- 
dividuality upon many important legislative measures which were enacted during 
that period. He closely studied the questions and issues of the day and gave his 
aid and support to any measure or movement which he believed would promote 
the interests of the commonwealth and stood with equal firmness in opposition 
to any cause which he believed would be detrimental to the welfare of the 
community at large. His position was never an equivocal one and he loyally 
supported every measure in which he believed. None questioned the integrity 
of his opinions or of his actions. He served as a delegate to both county and 
state conventions and did much to mold public thought and opinion. Mrs. Lloyd 
is a member of the Eastern Star and also of the Rebekah lodge and in these 
organizations has filled all of the chairs. She is a consistent member of the 
Presbyterian church, while Mr. Lloyd was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 249 

church. He was prominent as a man whose constantly expanding powers took 
him from humble surroundings to the field of large enterprises and continually 
broadening opportunities. He was reared upon the western frontier and the 
effort required to live in those ungenerous surroundings, the necessity to make 
■ every blow tell and to exercise every inventive faculty developed powers of mind 
and habits which made him a forceful and resourceful business man and citizen. 
The early rising, the daily tasks, the economical habits of the country boy 
prepared him for the struggle that must precede ascendency and step by step 
Mr. Lloyd gained success in business and prominence in public life. 



W. M. TAYLOR. 



W. M. Taylor resides in Waitsburg but is identified with farming on section 
31, township 9 north, range 38 east, in Columbia county. He has resided in 
this state since reaching the age of eighteen years. He was born in Johnson 
county, Missouri, January 31, 1861, and is a son of Simon and Harriet (Bur- 
gess) Taylor, who are mentioned in connection with the sketch of his brother, 
Charles M. Taylor, on another page of this work. The public school system of 
his native county afforded him his educational privileges, tie made good use 
of his time and opportunities in that direction and when not busy with his text- 
books he was assisting in the work of the home farm and thus learning valuable 
lessons in the school of experience. He had reached the age of eighteen years 
when he came to Washington, after which he remained at home, cooperating 
with his father in the development and improvement of a new farm up to the 
time of his marriage. In the meantime, however, he and his brothers, G. B., 
J. W. and J. F. Taylor, bought eight hundred acres of land, which they cultivated 
in partnership, and they also operated one thousand acres belonging to Whit- 
man College. This they leased and the four brothers continued their farming 
interests together until about 1907, when a division of their holdings was made, 
and W. M. Taylor acquired three hundred and sixty acres of the land that had 
been held conjointly before. He has since purchased two hundred and forty 
acres adjoining his other tract, so that his home farm now comprises six 
hundred acres and constitutes one of the valuable wheat ranches of Columbia 
county. The soil is particularly adapted to wheat raising and the crops pro- 
duced are most extensive and gratifying, for the methods which Mr. Taylor 
follows in the development of his fields are practical. All of the work on the 
farm is systematically done and is guided by his sound judgment. He uses 
the latest improved machinery to facilitate the work of the fields and there is no 
equipment of the model farm property of the twentieth century that is not 
found upon his place. 

On September 18, 1889, occurred the marriage of Mr. Taylor and Miss 
Flora Kinyoun, of Johnson county, Missouri, who came to Washington to teach 
music in 1887. By her marriage she became the mother of two children: Har- 
riet E., the wife of R. B. McElroy, of Spokane, Washington ; and Laura E., 
the wife of Theodore Holsey, of Spokane, this state. The wife and mother 
passed away in 1897 and on November 29, 1899, Mr. Taylor was again mar- 



250 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

ried, his second union being witli Airs. Lillian Devall, nee Pinkley, who was a 
teacher in the public schools of Walla Walla and Columbia counties. To this 
marriage has been born a daughter, Florence G. 

Fraternally Mr. Taylor is connected with Touchet Lodge, No. 5, L O. O. F., 
and he also belongs to the Ancient Order of United Workmen. His political 
views are in accord with the principles of the democratic party. He and his 
wife are members of the Methodist church and their lives are guided by its 
teachings and its principles. Aside from his farming interests Mr. Taylor 
became one of the incorporators of the Exchange Bank of Waitsburg, of which 
he is still a stockholder. He has made for himself a very creditable position 
as a substantial farmer and representative citizen of Columbia county. After 
the harvests are gathered he takes up his abode in Waitsburg, where he has an 
attractive city home and there spends the winters. The extent and importance 
of his business interests have made him widely and favorably known and his 
life record should serve as a source of inspiration and encouragement to others, 
indicating what may be accomplished through persistent and honorable effort. 
He has aided in demonstrating the possibilities for grain farming in this sec- 
tion of the state and the worth of his work, both as a source of individual suc- 
cess and of general prosperity, is widely acknowledged. 



CMRIS^IAN STURM, Sr. 

Christian Sturm, who was pqe- oi the best' .known and most highly esteemed 
pioneers of the Walla Walla vaHeyi "was bom in the kingdom of Wurttembcrg, 
Germany, April 14, 1834. At the age of seventeen, accompanied by a brother, he 
came to the United States, the ocean voyage taking forty-two days. 

He enjoyed telling a good joke on himself which occurred when he landed 
in New York with little of this world's goods. He met with a traveling Jew 
who said to him : "Carry these bags and suit cases for me several blocks and 
I'll pay you twenty-five cents." He accepted the offer and carried the luggage 
blocks and blocks until, finally in the heart of the city, they entered a building 
and climbed several flights of stairs. On one of the top floors the Jew took the 
luggage and asked him to wait a few minutes and he would return and pay him. 
He waited and waited patiently but the generous Jewish gentleman never re- 
turned. It was some little time before it dawned on him that he was "stung." 
It was a lesson, for the errand caused him to miss his boat and, also, his brother 
whom he never saw again. That night he spent sight-seeing about New York, 
and w'hile standing about admiring what was a most wonderful building to him 
he was thrown into jail w'here he was compelled to remain until morning and he 
often remarked, "his first and only time in jail was his first night in America." 

After finishing his education in New York, he moved to Delaware and after 
spending two years in that state he went to Philadelphia where he enlisted in the 
service of the U. S. army in 1857. Shortly afterwards his company was moved 
to Newport, Kentucky, and then to New York; then, by the isthmus of Panama 
route to San Francisco and from the last named place to Astoria. Astoria at 
that time had but few buildings. Soon after he was stationed at Y^ancouver and 




OHKISTIAX STLK.M, Sr. 




ilRS. CHRISTIAN STURM, Sr. 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 255 

a little later at the Cascades. With his company he walked to the upper Cas- 
cades and took the boat to The Dalles and from there he marched with his troop 
to Fort Walla Walla. He was five years in the army and during his enlistment 
he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant. In the army he saw much real fight- 
ing. In 1858 he was in the expedition to Colville, which was in command of 
Colonel Wright. They encountered the Indians, nearly twelve thousand strong, 
who opened fire on the troops, and the famous battle of Steptoe was fought. 
During this battle Captain Taylor was killed. Captain Taylor was wearing a 
silk sash which he took off and presented to Lieutenant Sturm of whom he was 
very fond. The sash he always kept in memory of momentous hours of danger 
and as a sacred memento of a true friendship, and it now hangs in its familiar 
place in his widow's home. The Indians that fought at Steptoe consisted of the 
Yakimas, Colvilles, Palouses, Spokanes and Coeur d'Alenes. In this famous 
battle the troops fortified themselves on Steptoe Butte and how bravely they 
fought history tells. During the battle many Indians were dispatched and as 
many as one thousand Indian ponies were killed. 

After retiring from the army as lieutenant, acting as assistant quartermaster. 
First Cavalry United States of America, 1862, at Fort Walla Walla (the same 
fort that President Wilson ordered used in 1917 for a training camp for the 
Washington State Field Artillery, under command of Major Paul Weyrauch) 
the wonderful opportunities of the Inland Empire country made a strong appeal 
to Mr. Sturm. After spending a year mining at Orofino, Idaho, he returned 
to Walla Walla and went into the livery business with Fred Kraft. After a 
short time he disposed of his interest in the livery arid engaged in the general 
merchandise business with O. B. Brechtel for a partner. Their store was one 
of the first in Walla Walla ; it was a headquarters for miners returning from 
the Orofino placer mines ; the miners would deposit their gold dust with Messrs. 
Sturm and Brechtel for safe keeping, there being no banks at that time in Walla 
Walla. After remaining in the mercantile business for five years Mr. Sturm 
bought one hundred and sixty acres of land from H. M. Chase two and one-half 
miles from Walla Walla and engaged in farming. He acquired another adjoin- 
ing one hundred and sixty acres ; also homesteaded one hundred and sixty and 
preempted one hundred and sixty ; then, in later years, he bought five hundred 
acres more. He was one of the most successful wheat and stock raisers in the 
valley. 

Mr. Sturm was married in 1865 to Miss Marietta Roff. Four sons and two 
daughters were born to this union, and two sons and two daughters survive. 
Mrs. Sturm was born September 12, 1844, a daughter of Frederick Roff. Her 
girlhood was spent in Illinois, but in 1864 she with her parents left Quincy, 
that state, and they crossed the plains and mountains, using ox and horse teams, 
the crossing requiring six months. Many were the hardships they endured. 
Among others, their oxen got on a "poisoned meadow" and died. During the 
last part of their journey they traveled with a government train and arrived in 
Walla Walla, October 16, 1864. Mrs. Sturm's father, Frederick Roff, was 
perhaps the first man to take up a homestead in the valley, filing on one hundred 
and sixty acres about two and a half miles east of Walla Walla. He there 
resided until his death, August 2, i8go. Mrs. Sturm survives her husband and 
resides at the old Sturm home in Walla Walla. More extended mention in 



256 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

regard to the family of Frederick Roti' is made in connection with the sketch of 
Oliver DeWitt, whose wife is a sister of Mrs. Sturm. 

Mr. Sturm, who died on January ii, 1909, was one of the foremost pioneers 
of the western cotintry. Taking up his abode in the northwest when Walla 
Walla boasted but a few log buildings and the tributary country was but a wilder- 
ness, he was one of those sturdy, upright characters who did his full share to 
help develop the country and make it the success it is today. At all times public 
spirited and keenly alive and devoted to the interests of the community he 
was one of the country's true builders. As one of the distinguished pioneers 
of the country — as a man who performed many good deeds in his day — his name 
will always be remembered and ever held in the highest respect. 



WILLIAM M. SCOTT. 



William AI. Scott belonged to that class of honored pioneers who have laid 
broad and deep the foundation upon which has been built the present prosperity 
and greatness of the state of Washington. He was a resident of Walla Walla 
from 1905 until his death and for many years was prominently identified with 
the wheat industry in Umatilla county, Oregon. He was born in McLean county. 
Illinois, December 29, 1837, and was a son of John B. and Rena (Ilalsey) 
Scott. During his infancy he was taken by his maternal grandparents, Mr. and 
Mrs. Halsey, with whom he remained until his ninth year, when his uncle, Dr. 
A. K. Scott, became his foster father, and with him William M. Scott remained 
until 1855, when at the age of eighteen years he started out in life independently. 
He went to Coffey county, Kansas, where he remained for one year and then 
started to return to Illinois but stopped off in Daviess county, Missouri, and decid- 
ed to remain. He there continued until 1859, when he again went to Kansas and 
in i860 he started across the plains for the western country, his objective point 
being the Walla Walla valley, of which he had heard much. The lure of the 
California gold fields, however, drew him as a magnet and his course was 
diverted. He was one of the party to which J. L. Stubblefield belonged. The 
company subsequently divided but Mr. Scott and others proceeded to California. 
After spending several months in that state he came, in 1861, northward and 
located at McMinnville, Oregon, where he attended college for a time. In 1862 
he engaged in freighting with ox teams from Wallula to Lewiston and subse- 
quently from The Dalles to the Idaho mines. In the fall of 1863 he went to 
Salem, Oregon, where he resided for seven years. He then crossed the moun- 
tains, locating near Prineville, where he was engaged in the live stock business 
for eight years. In 1878 he removed to Umatilla county, Oregon, where he took 
up a homestead and a timber culture near Helix. One of these claims subse- 
([uently sold for two hundred dollars, but later he bought it back for forty-two 
lumdred dollars. He acquired a full section of six hundred and forty acres of 
the best land in the wheat belt and engaged in farming eight hundred acres, 
leasing a quarter section adjoining his place. One year he harvested sixty-six 
bushels of wheat to the acre upon his farm and he averaged from year to year 
from forty to forty-five bushels. He experienced all the hardships and priva- 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 257 

tions of early pioneer life and twice in the year 1878 was forced to leave Helix 
on account of the hostility of the Indians and seek refuge in Fort Walla Walla. 
However, he persevered and his determination and energy overcame the obstacles 
in the path of material advancement, while changing conditions, brought about 
by the settlement of the country, soon obviated the necessity of protecting against 
Indian attack. In 1905, after many years successfully devoted to farming, he 
retired from active agricultural life and removed to Walla Walla, where he 
remained until called to his final home, on January 18, 1915. 

Mr. Scott was united in marriage to Miss Anna D. Caplinger, a daughter of 
Jacob and Jane (Woodside) Caplinger, of Salem, Oregon. They crossed the 
plains from Fulton county, Illinois, to Oregon in 1845 and settled in Oregon 
City but after two years removed to Marion county, that state, taking up their 
abode on the prairie four miles east of Salem, where they remained until called to 
their final rest. The father died on the 20th of June, 1904, and the mother 
survived only until the 26th of July of the same year. In 1845, on their journey 
across the plains, which was made by way of the Mount Hood route, they were 
there snowbound for more than three weeks with no food but coffee for several 
days. 

Mr. and Mrs. Scott became the parents of nine children, namely: Mary L., 
who is the wife of J. M. Richardson, of Rosalia; Ermna J., who gave her hand in 
marriage to Dr. E. A. Mann, of Portland, Oregon ; John A., who resides in 
Lacrosse, Washington; Ira C, who operates the home farm for his mother, now 
residing in Walla Walla ; Ray W., who passed away in 1902, when sixteen years 
of age ; and Alexander, Charles, Walter and Bertha, who are also deceased. 

In his political views Mr. Scott was a stalwart democrat and in i8go he was 
a candidate for county judge of Umatilla county. His life was that of a con- 
sistent Christian and for more than twenty years he was an elder in the Church 
of Christ at Helix. He was also a public-spirited citizen and a factor in the 
advancement of the county's welfare and interests along many lines. Death 
called him January 18, 1915. A modern philosopher has said: "Not the good 
that comes to us, but the good that comes to the world through us, is the measure 
of our success" ; and judged by that standard Mr. Scott was a most successful 
man, for he went about doing good, extending a helping hand to the poor and 
needy, assisting in the work of general improvement and shedding around him 
much of life's sunshine. His widow now occupies a beautiful home on South 
Division street in Walla Walla. She, too, is a member of the Church of Christ 
and gives liberally to its support and in charitable work, her benevolences being 
many. 



CHESTER J. WOODS. 



Chester J. Woods, a representative agriculturist of Walla Walla county, was 
born April 23, 1883, on a farm adjoining the one on which he now resides, on 
section 7, township 9 north, range 37 east. He is a son of Joel Woods, mentioned 
elsewhere in this work. He pursued his education in the public schools, supple- 
mented by study in the academy at Waitsburg, and through the period of his 



258 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

boyhood and youth he aided largely in the work of the home farm, so that he was 
well qualified by aetual experience to take up farming on his own account when 
he attained his majority. At that time he purchased land on section 8, becoming 
the owner of seven hundred acres, all of which is now improved. The fields are 
carefully cultivated and the buildings upon the place indicate the progressive 
spirit of the owner. He has always engaged in wheat raising and also in raising 
stock and both branches of his business are proving profitable. He is also a 
Stockholder in the Self-Oiling Wheel & Bearing Company of Walla Walla. 

On the 30th of March, 1910, Mr. Woods was married to Miss Jennie Cap- 
linger, who was born in Umatilla county, Oregon, a daughter of T. W. and Marie 
Caplinger, who are also natives of that place. They are now residents of Walla 
Walla. Both Mr. and Mrs. Woods hold membership in the Methodist Episcopal 
church, of which he is one of the trustees, and they take an active part in its 
work. Mrs. Woods is a graduate of the Waitsburg high school and Ellensburg 
Normal School and for seven years successfully engaged in teaching prior to her 
marriage. 

In politics Mr. Woods is a democrat and has served as school director and 
as clerk but has not been an active worker along political lines. He stands for 
progress and improvement in public afTairs, however, and is willing to support 
any measure that tends to uphold civic interest. Both he and his wife are held 
in the highest esteem because of their genuine worth and the hospitality of the 
best homes in the county is freely accorded them. 



PETER McCLUNG. 



Peter McClung, of Pomeroj', editor and publisher of the East Washingtonian, 
was born in Clarke county, Washington, a son of Mathcw and Catherine (Wigle) 
McClung. He was one of four children, the others being: Mrs. Susan Shoe- 
maker, now living in Greshani, Oregon; Mrs. Jennie Buchanan, of Portland: 
and Edward A., living in Bakersfield, California. 

Peter McClung was the third in order of birth and was educated in Clarke 
and Columbia counties of Washington, attending the schools of Dayton. He 
learned the printer's trade and as a compositor became connected with the Wash- 
ingtonian in 1885, his brother-in-law, E. T. Wilson, having founded the paper in 
1881. Eight years later, or in 1889, Mr. McClung purchased an interest in the 
paper and became associated in the business with E. M. Pomeroy, then publisher. 
Three years afterward he bought out Mr. Pomeroy and has since been owner and 
pulilisher thereof. In later years he has been assisted by his son, who pursued a 
special course in journalism in the State University and who now practically 
manages the paper. 

In 1886 Mr. McClung was united in marriage to Miss Alva E. Pomeroy, a 
daughter of Joseph M. Pomeroy, who was the founder of the town which bears 
his name. Mr. and Mrs. McClung have become the parents of two sons : Ray, 
who has charge at Washington, D. C, of the weekly newspaper publications 
under the direction of the committee on public information; and Hugh, who is 
with his father in business. 




MR. AXD MRS. PETER McCLUXG 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 261 

Fraternally Mr. McClung is an Odd Fellow, and he and his family are con- 
nected with the Christian church. Li politics he has always maintained an 
independent course and has the distinction of having published for more than a 
quarter of a century an absolutely independent paper. His entire life has been 
passed in the west and with the development and progress of his section of the 
state he has been helpfully associated. 



GEORGE E. KELLOUGH. 

Characterized by a spirit of undaunted enterprise, George E. Kellough has 
won a place among the most substantial and progressive business men of Walla 
Walla, where he now figures in financial circles as the president of the Third 
National Bank. He was born in Ontario, Canada, on the 9th of May, 1872, a 
son of William H. and Ann Grace Kellough, both of whom were natives of 
Canada. The former was of Irish extraction, while the latter was of French 
lineage. They spent their entire lives in Canada, residing for many years in 
Winnipeg, Manitoba, where they were among the pioneer settlers. 

George E. Kellough, reared in Winnipeg, there pursued his education in the 
public schools and at the age of nineteen years, attracted by the broader busi- 
ness opportunities which he felt he might find across the boi-der,-he came to the 
United States and made his way to the western part Cf the country, reaching 
Walla Walla county, Washington, in July, 1891. .= He,^ar,ted in business life here 
as a ranch hand, but ambition actuated him at ever_y point in liis career and con- 
tinually lured him on to better things. Subsequently he took up a homestead and 
in time acquired other land, for as his financial resources increased he made 
judicious investment in property and for some six years was actively and suc- 
cessfully engaged in farming. He then turned his attention to business interests 
of the city and in 1899 took up his abode in Walla Walla, where he estabfished 
a clothing and furnishing goods store. He was prominently identified with that 
business for a decade and built up an extensive trade, ever endeavoring to please 
his patrons, while his honorable business methods constituted one of the strong 
features of his growing success. Then a still broader field seemed to open before 
him and in February. 1910, he made his initial step in financial circles, becoming 
connected with the Third National Bank as president of the institution, over 
whose financial policy he has since presided. His plans are well formulated. The 
business under his direction has been carefully systematized and he has ever 
recognized the fact that the bank is most worthy of support which most care- 
fully safeguards the interests of depositors. While extending every possible 
courtesy of the bank to patrons, he has never erred on the side of ultra pro- 
gressiveness, his actions at all times being tempered by a safe conservatism. His 
name, therefore, has become a synonym for sound judgment and thorough relia- 
bility and he today occupies a central place on the stage of banking activity in 
Walla Walla county. 

In 1893 Mr. Kellough was united in marriage to Miss Viola Purdy, a 
daughter of Orlando Purdy, who was a Michigan farmer. Mr. and Mrs. Kellough 
have become the parents of two children, Lance E. and Erma G. Since age con- 



262 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

ferred upon him the right of franchise Mr. Kellough has given consistent and 
loyal support to the republican party and has been an earnest and active worker 
in its ranks. His fellow townsmen, appreciative of his worth and ability, have 
called him to public office and for two terms, in 1906 and 1907, he served as 
mayor of Walla Walla, giving to the city a businesslike and progressive admin- 
istration. He is a member of the Commercial Club, in the work of which he has 
taken a most active and helpful interest and for one term he served as its pres- 
ident. In this connection he promoted many activities looking to the further 
development of Walla Walla, the extension of its trade relations and the pro- 
motion of its civic standards. He has been very prominent as an Odd Fellow, 
holding membership in Trinity Lodge, No. 121, L O. O. F. He has passed 
through all of the chairs in both the local lodge and in the state organization, and 
few in Washington have equalled him in active and effective service for the up- 
building of the organization. In fact he is one of the best known Odd Fellows 
in all the northwestern country. He is likewise connected with the Woodmen 
of the World, the Fraternal Order of Eagles and the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. He is actuated by a spirit of progressiveness in all that he does. 
There are in his life few leisure hours. He is constantly busied with some in- 
terest either for the benefit of his own fortunes or for the upbuilding of the 
district with which he is connected, and his labors have been effective, beneficial 
and resultant. 



MARCUS ZUGER, Jr. 



Prominent among the most alert and progressive farmers of Walla Walla 
county is numbered Marcus Ziiger, Jr., who is the owner of extensive and 
valuable holdings in Walla Walla and in Garfield counties. He was born Janu- 
ary I, 1878, in the county where he still resides, being a son of Marcus Ziiger, 
Sr., of whom mention is made elsewhere in this work. His youthful days were 
spent in the usual manner of farm bred boys and the habits of industry and close 
application which he early developed have constituted the foundation of his 
present success. He remained under the parental roof until he had attained 
his majority and at the age of twenty-five years, at which time he was married, 
he began farming for himself on the old homestead, comprising fourteen hundred 
and sixty-eight acres of land. He has since been ]irominently and extensively 
identified with agricultural interests in Walla Walla county and in addition to 
the old homestead tract he is now the owner of eleven hundred and seventy 
acres in Garfield county, which is highly improved and which brings to him a 
gratifying annual rental. He follows the most progressive methods in all of 
his farm work, utilizes the latest improved machinery and upon his place is found 
every convenience and accessory of the model farm of the twentieth century. 
He has closely studied scientific methods of wheat raising, whereby he has 
greatly enhanced the productiveness of his fields. Aside from his farming 
interests he is connected with the Exchange Bank at Waitsburg as one of its 
directors. 

In 1904 Mr. Ziiger was united in marriage to Miss Jennie L. Woodworth, 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 263 

a native of New York, and they have become parents of four children, Margaret 
D., Arthur Frederick, Kenneth and Erma. Mrs. Ziiger is a member of the 
Christian church, while Mr. Ziiger fraternally is connected with the Masons and 
with the Knights of Pythias and in his life exemplifies the beneficent spirit on 
which these organizations are based. His political allegiance is given to the 
republican party and he has served as county commissioner for two years. He 
has also proved his friendship to the cause of public education by active service 
as a member of the school board. He stands for progress and improvement in 
all things relating to the public welfare and has never allowed personal ambitions 
or interests to dwarf his public spirit or activities. His views have ever found 
expression in prompt action rather than in theory and he is a man of stable pur- 
pose, accomplishing what he undertakes. 



ALFRED LARSON. 



Alfred Larson, head miller of the mill of the Portland Flouring Mills Com- 
pany at Dayton and thus prominently identified with the industrial activity and 
development of southeastern Washington, was bom in Sweden, May 13, 1856, a 
son of Edward and Margaret Larson, both of whom spent their entire lives in 
Sweden, the father following the occupation of farming there. 

Alfred Larson was reared in his native country and its public schools afforded 
him his educational opportunities. In 1878, when a young man of twenty-two 
years, he crossed the Atlantic and made his way to Minneapolis, Minnesota. He 
had previously learned the miller's trade in Sweden, having entered upon an 
apprenticeship to that work when a youth of but fifteen years. After coming 
to the new world he secured employment in the flouring mills of Minneapolis and 
during two different periods devoted seventeen years to that business in that 
city, spending the entire time with two companies. In 1891 he first came to the 
far northwest, making his way to Salem, Oregon, where he was employed as 
head miller by the Portland Flouring Mills Company. He remained in that 
position in Salem for four years and then returned to Minneapolis, where he 
spent the succeeding seven years as second miller in one of the city's most impor- 
tant milling plants. In 1902 he again came to the west, this time accepting the 
position of head miller in the Creston Mills at Creston, Washington, where he 
resided for three and a half years. He then went to Condon, Oregon, where he 
took charge of the plant of the Portland Flouring Mills Company, which he 
managed .for five years. He was transferred to the Albino Mills, owned by the 
same company at Portland, Oregon, and a year later he resigned his position 
there to engage in the real estate business in Portland. That, however, proved 
an unsuccessful venture and he returned to the milling business, accepting th: 
position of head miller of the plant of the Portland Flouring Mills Company at 
Dayton. In this important position he has since continued and the success of 
the business at this point is attributable to his skill, enterprise and close appli- 
cation. He has won a substantial position among the foremost millers of the 
northwest. 

In 1882 Mr. Larson was united in marriage to Miss Bertha Corlstrom, who 



264 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

was born in Sweden and emigrated to the United States with a sister when a 
maiden of fourteen years. Mr. and Mrs. Larson have become the parents of 
three children, two of whom are Hving, namely: Mabel, the wife of C. N. Lock- 
ridge, who is serving as county clerk of Gilliam county, Oregon ; and Wallace, a 
mechanical engineer and miller who is assisting his father in the mill. 

Mr. Larson gives his political allegiance to the republican party and frater- 
nally is identified with the Masons, Ijelonging to Creston Lodge, No. 123, F. & 
A. M.; Davenport Chapter, No. 25, R. A. M. ; Zion Commandery, No. 2, K. T. ; 
and Al Kader Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Portland, Oregon. Mr. Larson's 
record is that of one who through orderly progression has reached a creditable 
position in the business world. Coming to America when a young man of twenty- 
two years without capital save energy, ambition and a knowledge of his trade, 
he has steadily worked his way upward and among his marked characteristics 
should be mentioned his fidelity and loyalty to the interests which he serves. 
This is indicated by the fact that he continued for seventeen years in the employ 
of but two companies in Minneapolis and that he has been gladly received back 
into the ranks of the representatives of the Portland Flouring Mills Company, 
with which company he has been associated for twenty-five years and with which 
he now occupies a position of responsibility and. importance. There is no phase 
of the milling business with which he. is not thorpughly familiar and he is thus 
well qualified to discharge'-, tl>e .onerous .djities- that devolve upon him in his 
present connection. Dayton numbers him amoUg her foremost citizens antl 
accords him a high measure jof rB&f>€!tt.apd goodwill. 



CANTREL R. FRAZIER. 

Cantrel K. Frazier is a retired farmer residing at No. 305 Newell street in 
Walla Walla. He has passed the eighty-sixth milestone on life's journey and 
well deserves the rest which has come to him, for it is the reward of persistent, 
earnest and intelligently directed efi'ort in former years. He was born in Barren 
county, Kentucky, February 15, 1832, a son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Mar- 
shall) Frazier. The mother died in Kentucky, after which the father removed 
to Missouri in 1846. There his remaining days were passed, his death occur- 
ring in that state in the early '70s. 

Cantrel R. Frazier in young manhood, or in 1853, when twenty-one years of 
age, crossed the plains with a drove of cattle belonging to the firm of Packwood 
& Lewis of San Jose, California. He was accompanied on the trip by his brother 
William and five months were spent upon the road ere they reached their desti- 
nation. After the cattle were delivered to their employers they took up a home- 
stead in Tulare county, California, after which they paid ten cents per pound for 
seed wheat. They planted fifteen acres and harvested six hundred bushels, for 
which they received six cents per pound. For two years they remained in the 
Golden state and then returned to Missouri. 

In 1857 Cantrel R. Frazier was united in marriage to Miss Salitha Shubert 
and in i8(')4 he again crossed the plains with Walla Walla as his destination. He 
made the tri]) with one yoke of oxen and a small wagon and brought with him 




CANTREL R. I'RAZIER 



MRS. CANTBEL R. FRAZIER 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 269 

his wife and two children, one of the children being born in Colorado while they 
were en route to the Pacific coast. 

After reaching Washington, Mr. Frazier homesteaded one hundred and sixty 
acres of land on Dry creek, about nine miles east of the city of Walla Walla, 
and upon that farm he resided imtil his removal to Walla Walla in 1907. He 
had there lived for forty-three years and his labors had wrought a marked trans- 
formation in the appearance of the place. He had planted a variety of fruit and 
nut trees upon his farm as well as various kinds of grain. Chestnut trees planted 
in 1884 are now seven feet seven inches in circumference. His fields were most 
carefully cultivated and the results attained were very gratifying. On the com- 
pletion of the Northern Pacific Railroad into this section of the state, Mr. Frazier 
and his wife went back to the old Missouri home on a visit. When he again 
came to the northwest he brought with him some shell bark and some bull hickory 
nuts, also some butternut trees and black walnut trees. He likewise has persim- 
mon trees upon his place and one of his apple trees is perhaps the largest apple 
tree in the state. It measures more than seven feet and seven inches in circum- 
ference around the base and has a spread of fifty-seven feet, while in height 
it has reached forty-two feet. In 1907 it yielded a crop of one hundred and 
twenty-six and a half boxes of fruit of Frazier's prolific variety. From this old 
tree a number of gavels have been made by the Commercial Club and one was 
presented to Mr. Frazier. He owns one hundred and seventy acres of land and 
his place has been brought under a very high state of development and improve- 
ment, so that it yields to him a most gratifying annual return. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frazier reared a family of six childi-en, namely:': Florence, who 
is the wife of Samuel Philips, formerly of Weston, Oregon, but now of Walla 
Walla ; Benjamin, a cattle man living in northern Washington ; Jane, who is the 
wife of Joseph Gwin, of Walla Walla county; Armeda, who gave her hand in 
marriage to Samuel McHenry, of St. Francois county, Missouri ; John, who fol- 
lows farming in Walla Walla township; and Dora, the wife of Daniel Neiswan- 
ger, of Bend, Oregon. The wife and mother died in 1907 after a happy married 
life of half a century. 

Mr. Frazier was again married in 1907* to Mrs. Missouri Ann Wightman, a 
native of Wayne county, ^Missouri, and a daughter of Thomas J. and Lucinda 
Swezea, the former born in Tennessee and the latter in Missouri. In 1859 the 
parents, accompanied by their six children, started across the plains with two 
hundred head of cattle, which dwindled down to about one hundred head before 
reaching Walla Walla. Mr. Swezea purchased a claim about eight miles from 
the city on Cottonwood creek. On the 8th of July, i860, a son, Charles L., was 
added to the family, he being the first white child born in Walla Walla. Mr. 
Swezea died at the age of seventy-seven years and his wife at the age of seventy- 
five. Of their nine children only four are now living, namely: Mrs. Nancy J. 
Harer. of Walla Walla; Missouri Ann, now Mrs. Frazier; Smith W., a resident 
of Harrison, Idaho ; and Charles L., of Walla Walla county. Mrs. Frazier was 
a girl of fifteen years when she came to this state and on reaching womanhood 
married William Wightman, by whom she had one child, Elizabeth, the wife of 
William Wiseman, of Tacoma. 

In his political views Mr. Frazier is a democrat, which party he has sup- 
ported since reaching adult age. He belongs to the Christian church, while his 
Vol. II — 11 



270 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

wife is a member of the Presbyterian church. They are people of genuine per- 
sonal worth, enjoying in large measure the friendship and kindly .-egard of those 
with whom thy have been brought in contact. Their own home is noted for its 
warm-hearted hospitality and is the scene of many dehghtful soci^.. gatherings. 
For fifty-three years Mr. Frazier has resided in this county and has been a wit- 
ness of much of its development and improvement. His own labors have demon- 
strated in large measure what can be accomplished in the way of raising fruits 
and nuts in this section. He has ever been progressive in his work and the prac- 
tical methods which he has followed have brought substantial results. He has 
never had occasion to regret his determination to try his fortune in the north- 
west. He here found conditions favorable to the man who is willing to work, for 
the land is rich in its natural resources and Mr. Frazier accordingly brought his 
diligence to play with the result that he is today the possessor of a handsome 
competence which surrounds him with all of the necessities and comforts of life 
and some of its luxuries. 



HENRY S. COPELAND. 

Henry S. Copeland, deceased, was one of the early pioneer settlers of Walla 
Walla county, arriving here in 1862. He found a largely unsettled and undevel- 
oped region in which the work of improvement had scarcely been begun. The 
Indians in the state far outnumbered the white settlers and only here and there 
had been founded a little town, showing that the seeds of civilization had been 
planted on the western frontier which were later to bear fruit in the development 
of one of the most progressive commonwealths of the Union. 

Henry S. Copeland was bom in Vermont in 1824 and was a son of Thomas 
Copeland, who came from Ireland to Canada in young manhood. Later he 
crossed the border into the United States, establishing his home in Vermont, 
where he resided up to the time of his death. Both he and his wife died when 
their son Henry was a small boy. He was born upon a farm and continued to 
work at farm labor through the period of his youth, dividing his time between 
the tasks of the fields and attendance at the district schools through the winter 
months. At an early age he began farming on his own account and 1857 found 
him in Sacramento, California, while in 1859 he was in the Willamette val- 
ley. In 1862 he crossed to Walla Walla, believing that the growing community 
there would ofifer him the best opportunities. It was not long thereafter until 
he had purchased a home and subsequently he took up a homestead claim, south- 
east of Walla Walla. For many years he was prominently identified with the 
agricultural interests of this county and from time to time purchased other land 
until his holdings were very extensive. He utilized every chance for judicious 
investment and never lost faith in the future of this district, for he readily appre- 
ciated the fact that nature was kind to this region and had placed before man 
many opportunities for successful business in this section. 

Mr. Copeland was united in marriage, in the Willamette valley, to Miss 
Mary Ann Morton, a daughter of William and Catherine Morton, of Illinois, and 
they V)ecanie the parents of nine children, four of whom survive. The wife and 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 271 

mother passed away in April, 1917, while the death of Mr. Copeland occurred 
twelve years earlier in February, 1905. He was very prominent in Masonic cir- 
cles as well ao in his business connections and in his life exemplified the benefi- 
cent spirit oi the craft. He vv'as ever ready to extend a helping hand to a brother 
of the fraternity or to aid any fellow traveler on life's journey. He was broad- 
minded and liberal in his views and had many qualities which made him worthy 
of the high regard in which he was uniformly held. 



JOHN W. BROOKS. 



For almost a quarter of a century John W. Brooks has been actively engaged 
in the practice of law in Walla Walla and throughout that period has steadily 
forged to the front until he has long since occupied an enviable position in the 
foremost rank of the attorneys of Washington. He was born in Asheville, North 
Carolina, September 9, 1870, a son of Charles and Elizabeth (Cagle) Brooks, 
both of whom were natives of that state, where they spent their entire lives. The 
father died in the same building in which he was bom, passing away in his 
ninetieth year, after having devoted his entire life to general agricultural pur- 
suits. 

John W. Brooks was reared upon the home farm and the public schools 
afforded him his early educational privileges. Being desirous of preparing for 
the bar, he afterward entered the University of North Carolina, which con- 
ferred upon him his degree as a lawyer upon his graduation with the class of 
1892. He was admitted to the bar on the 24th of September of that year and 
following his admission he opened an office in Asheville, North Carolina, where 
he remained in practice until the 15th of February, 1893. Thinking that the 
west offered still better business opportunities, he then left the Atlantic coast 
to make his way to the Pacific seaboard and eventually arrived in Walla Walla, 
where he has since practiced independently. He is an able lawyer, possessing 
comprehensive knowledge of the principles of jurisprudence and is seldom if 
ever at fault in the application of such principles to the point in litigation. His 
reasoning is sound, his deductions clear and his arguments convincing. For 
twenty-four years he has now practiced in Walla Walla and has long been ac- 
corded a position of leadership among the attorneys of this section of the state. 
On the i8th of July, 1898, Mr. Brooks was united in marriage to Miss Esther 
Belle Singleton, a daughter of John Singleton, a pioneer of 1857, who for many 
years was closely identified with the development and progress of Walla Walla 
county, where he passed away in 1893. His widow still survives at the notable 
old age of ninety-one years. To Mr. and Mrs. Brooks has been bom one child, 
Virginia, now deceased. 

Fraternally Mr. Brooks is identified with Walla Walla Lodge, No. 287, B. 
P. O. E., with Washington Lodge, No. 19, L O. O. F., and with the Modern 
Woodmen of America. He has always been deeply interested in the welfare and 
progress of the section of the state in which he lives and he has proven his 
faith in Walla Walla county and its future by making extensive investments in 
farm lands. The sterling traits of his character have gained him wide ac- 



272 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

quaintance and he has an extensive circle of friends, who entertain for him the 
warmest regard by reason of his personal qualities as well as for his professional 
achievements. 



GEORGE TOMPKINS POLLARD. 

George Tompkins Pollard is a resident farmer of Columbia county, living 
on section 6, township 9 north, range 38 east. He is the oldest settler in that 
district and has been identified with the Inland Empire, its pioneer development 
and its later progress, since 1855. He was born in Linn county, Missouri, June 
15. 1835, a son of Roger B. and Sarah C. (Smith) Pollard. The father was a 
native of Richmond, Virginia, while the mother's birth occurred in Rockingham 
county, Virginia. They were married in Shelby county, Kentucky, to which 
district they had removed in young manhood and womanhood. They began their 
domestic life in Shelby county, where they remained for a number of years, and 
about 1820 they established their home in Linn county, Missouri, where they 
lived for two decades. They afterward moved to the Platte Purchase, settling 
near St. Joseph, Missouri, where both passed away. 

George T. Pollard acquired a district school education in his native state and 
at sixteen years of age left the parental roof to start out in life on his own 
account. In the spring of 1852 he crossed the plains with an ox team to Cahfornia 
and for three years was engaged in mining on the Cosmos river in what is now 
Amador county. In July, 1855, he made his way northward into Oregon to visit 
a brother and while on that visit enlisted in the service to fight the Indians. 
He took part in the Yakima Indian war and later for three years was engaged 
in packing supplies for Colonel Rice and Colonel Steptoe and was in the latter's 
employ when he was defeated by the Indians. Mr. Pollard was in Wallula on 
the 20th of December, 1855, and on the 22d or 23d participated in the fight with 
the Indians near Whitman Station. He is the oldest settler now living in this 
part of the state and there is no one more familiar with even' phase of pioneer 
life and experience than he. His militar}' service made him acquainted with 
every phase of Indian warfare and later he met all of the hardships and privations 
incident to the task of developing a new farm. On the 6th of August, 1859, he 
filed on the homestead where lie now lives and upon that place has resided con- 
tinuously since, covering a period of fifty-eight years. As his financial resources 
increased he purchased more land from time to time and now owns four hundred 
and ninety-five acres. 

In i860 Mr. Pollard was united in marriage to Miss Harriet L. Wiseman. 
of Walla Walla county, who crossed the plains with her father, John Wiseman, 
in 1852, settling in Linn county, Oregon. Mr. and Mrs. Pollard became the 
parents of the following children, namely: Melissa; Ann; John B., who is 
deceased ; Mary ; Oliver ; Etta ; Bettie ; Ella and Cordelia, who have passed away ; 
Frank; Robert; and Roy. 

In politics Mr. Pollard is independent, never caring to bind himself by party 
ties. He was appointed a member of the first board of county commissioners 
after the organization of Columbia county and was a member of the school board 



t;-:f. new york 
P'iBUC LIBRARY 






;'ll • • • n,T- 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 275 

for more than thirty years. At different times he has been urged by his friends 
to accept nomination for various important political offices but has always 
refused, preferring to do his public duty as private citizen. He and his wife are 
members of the Methodist church and their well spent lives have been guided by 
its teachings. When the state of Washington was yet cut off from the advantages 
and comforts of the east by the long stretches of sand and the high mountains, 
he made his way across the plains, braving all the trials and hardships of pioneer 
life in order to make a home in the Inland Empire, rich in its resources yet un- 
claimed from the dominion of the red man. As the years have come and gone 
he has borne his part in the work of general progress and improvement and has 
been a prominent factor in promoting agricultural development. The days of 
chivalry and knighthood in Europe cannot furnish more interesting or romantic 
tales than our own western history. 



CHARLES ALEXANDER McCABE. 

Charles Alexander McCabe, a well known attorney at law of southeastern 
Washington, practicing in Pomeroy as a member of the firm of Kuykendall & 
McCabe, was born June i8, 1889, in the city where he still resides, his parents 
being Charles A. and Mary (Bohan) McCabe. The father was a native of Ireland 
and the mother of Pennsylvania. The former came' to the United: States in 1848, 
as a boy of eleven years, in company with his parents, who' settled ih Pennsylvania, 
where the son attained his majority. About 1864 he determined tct try his fortune 
on the Pacific coast and made his way westward to Walla Walk, after which 
he operated a pack train and also engaged in prospecting and mining, thus 
becoming familiar with pioneer experiences and lines of business such as are 
common in frontier districts. In 1865 he removed to Garfield county, where he 
turned his attention to the sheep industry and through the following twenty years, 
except for a few years in Montana, was prominently identified with sheep raising 
in this section of the state. He subsequently became postmaster of Pomeroy, 
which position he occupied for several years, discharging his duties with prompt- 
ness, fidelity and capability. He was also engaged in the jewelry business and 
for many years ranked with the prominent business men and progressive citizens 
of Pomeroy, contributing much to its upbuilding and progress along material 
and other lines. He was married in Pennsylvania in 18S8 and passed away in 
191 3, Mrs. McCabe having preceded him in 1901. 

Charles Alexander McCabe, whose name introduces this review, was educated 
in the public schools of Pomeroy and in Gonzaga College at Spokane. In the 
fall of 1909 he took up the study of law, reading in the office of Gose & Kuyken- 
dall, and in the spring of 191 1 he was admitted to practice. Immediately following 
his admission he entered into his present partnership relations with Mr. Kuyken- 
dall, whose former partner. Alack F. Gose, had been elected to the bench. The 
firm' of Kuykendall & McCabe has since been engaged in practice and their 
clientage is extensive and of a very important character. Mr. McCabe carefully 
qualified for the practice of law and in the conduct of his cases has shown notable 



276 OLD ^^ ALI.A \\ALLA COUNTY 

resourcefulness combined with marked ability to accurately apply the principles 
of jurisprudence to the points in litigation. 

In June, 191 1, Air. McCabe was united in marriage to Miss Anna Mock, of 
Columbia county, \\'ashington, and to them have been born two sons and a 
daughter: Charles Patrick, Kathleen and Robert Alexander. The parents are 
communicants of the Catholic church and Mr. McCabe is identified with the 
Knights of Columbus and also with the Woodmen of the World. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. McCabe are well known socially in Pomeroy, occupying an enviable position 
m those circles where true worth and intelligence are accepted as passports into 
good society. 



THOMAS COPELAND. 

Thomas Copeland, whose extensive landed possessions aggregate more than 
three thousand acres, makes his home on section 12, township 6 north, range 36 
east, Walla Walla county, where he is extensively engaged in farming and stock 
raising. He is one of the most progressive agriculturists of this part of the 
state and his intelligently directed activities have brought him a gratifying meas- 
ure of success. He is a native son of the west and possesses the spirit of western 
enterprise. His birth occurred in McMinnville, Oregon, Xovember 26, 1861, his 
parents being Henry S. and Mary .\nn (Morton) Copeland, the former a native 
of Vermont, while the latter was born in Pennsylvania. 

It was in 1849 that Henry S. Copeland crossed the plains to California, 
attracted by the discovery of gold on the Pacific coast. He remained in that 
state for a brief period and then made his way northward to Oregon, where he 
afterward met and married Miss Mary Ann Morton. They took up their abode 
upon a farm in that state and for a considerable period resided at McMinnville, 
but in 1863 they came north to Washington and settled in Walla Walla county, 
where the father secured a homestead, upon which he Iniilt a log cabin covered 
with a clapboard roof. They occupied that primitive dwelling for several years 
and experienced all the hardships and privations of pioneer life, but as time 
passed their labors brought substantial reward and they were able to secure more 
of the comforts of modern day civilization. The little log cabin was replaced by 
a commodious and substantial residence and other good farm buildings were 
added to the place, v\-hile the fields were brought under a high state of cultiva- 
tion. In his later years Mr. Copeland retired from active farm work, having 
become possessed of a comfortable competence that was sufficient to supply him 
with all of the necessities and some of the luxuries of life through his remaining 
days. Pie and his wife removed to Walla \\'alla and there continued to make 
their home until called to their final rest. They had a family of ten children, 
four of whom are yet living. 

Their son Thomas Copeland was but two years of age when the family came 
from Oregon to Washington, so that he was reared and educated in Walla Walla 
county. He pursued his studies in one of the oldtime log schoolhouses of that 
early period. The methods of instruction, too, were somewhat primitive and 
thus his opportunities in that direction were restricted but his training in farm 



> 



o 
> 

(J3 



2i 




OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 279 

work was of an extensive character. He remained at home until he attained 
his majority, after which he purchased the farm upon which he now resides, and 
adding to his possessions at inten'als as his financial resources have increased, 
he has become the owner of over three thousand acres of rich, arable and valu- 
able land. He has made a specialty of raising wheat and also of raising stock. 
He keeps full bred Hereford cattle and also Clydesdale and Percheron horses 
upon his place. His stock raising interests have become an important feature 
of his business and add materially to his annual income. Moreover, his farm is 
situated in the rich wheat belt of the Inland Empire and his yearly grain crop is 
a most satisfactory one. In addition to his other interests Mr. Copeland is a 
stockholder in the Third National Bank of Walla Walla, of which he was one 
of the organizers. 

In March, 1887, Mr. Copeland wedded Miss Minnie Harman, who was born 
in the state of New York, a daughter of William Harman, who came to Walla 
Walla at a very early day and continued his residence here until called to the 
home beyond. To Mr. and Mrs. Copeland have been born four children: Ralph 
and Clara, at home ; Martha, who died at the age of nineteen years ; and Glenn, 
who completes the family. 

In politics Mr. Copeland is a stalwart republican and while not an office seeker 
he has served for twenty-seven years on the school board, the cause of educa- 
tion finding in him indeed a stalwart champion. He belongs to Washington 
Lodge, No. 19, I. O. O. F., and in his life exemplifies the spirit of the organiza- 
tion, which is based upon the recognition of man's obligations to his fellowmen. 
His life has been well spent and has gained for him the^oodw-ill and honor of 
his fellowmen. In business affairs he has always displayed sqt-jnd judgment and 
keen discrimination and has readily discerned the essential eteiiienfs f in the suc- 
cessful conduct of any business transaction. .His' plans have evef been well 
defined and carefully executed and he never stops shorJ.. of. tjie accomplishment 
of his purpose, for he recognizes the fact that when one avenue of opportunity 
seems closed he can carve out other paths which will lead to the desired goal. 
He has become connected with a number of important enterprises in this county 
aside from his farming interests and his business activity makes him a valued 
and substantial citizen of his district. 



THE WALLA WALLA UNION. 

One of the pioneers of Walla Walla, getting younger and more vigorous with 
the passing of years, is the Walla Walla Union, established in 1869 and published 
continuously ever since. A little four-page weekly, hand set. and with a small 
circulation at that time, the Union has developed into a metropolitan daily, 
carrying full, leased-wire Associated Press service and is equipped with modern 
linotypes and fast rotary presses. The Union has been a part of the community 
life of Walla Walla for nearly a half century and while in the struggles of early 
pioneer life it suffered many hardships in common with many of the citizens 
that it has served during a lifetime, it has grown in strength with the community 
until today it is a part of the solid worth of the Inland Empire. The Union is 



280 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

the only morning newspaper published within a radius of nearly one hundred 
miles of Walla Walla. The Union is published by a corporation of which E. G. 
Robb is president, D. W. Ifft business manager and B. E. La Due managing editor. 



JOHN L. WALLACE. 



For almost ten years John L. Wallace has been engaged in the abstract, real 
estate, loan and insurance business in Dayton, where he conducts his interests as 
a partner in the firm of the Weatherford- Wallace Company, ranking with the 
leading business men and representative residents of the city. He was born in 
Harvey county, Kansas, on the i6th of August, 1874, his parents being John T. 
and Hannah J. (Frederick) Wallace, who came west to Washington in 1886, 
settling in Whitman county. The father was engaged in educational work for 
twenty-three years, teaching in Kansas and Missouri, and after coming to Wash- 
ington he identified himself with mercantile interests and for a number of years 
was engaged in business in Albion. Subsequently he resumed the profession of 
teaching and became connected with the schools of Lincoln county, where he 
was located at tlie time of his death, which occurred about 1906. For several 
years he had survived his wife, who died on Christmas day of 1900. 

John L. Wallace had the usual advantages of the public schools and in 1892 
entered the Portland (Oregon) Business College, where he pursued a commercial 
course. In the summer of 1893 he was ofifered and accepted the position of 
manager of a grain warehouse in Albion and in 1894 and 1895 he was a student 
in the Washington Agricultural College at Pullman, now the Washington State 
College. Subsequently he went to Hailey, Idaho, where he was employed for two 
and a half years in a grocery house. He then returned home but after a year 
he went to Portland, Oregon, in 1898 and became one of the teachers in the 
Portland Business College, there spending seven years. While thus engaged he 
took up the study of law, attending night school, and in 190 1 he was admitted to 
the bar in the state of Oregon. He continued teaching, however, in the business 
college until 1904, when he returned to Whitman county, Washington, and 
through the succeeding two years devoted his attention to merchandising in 
Albion. In the fall of 1907 he was appointed deputy county prosecutor of Whit- 
man county and on the ist of July, 1908, he came to Dayton, where he bought 
a partnership in the Geo. B. Baker Company, an abstract, real estate, loan and 
insurance business. He has since been engaged in this line and has won for him- 
self a prominent position, having a very large clientage. He has negotiated many 
important realty transfers, has placed many loans and has written a large amount 
of insurance, so that his business has reached a most gratifying figure. 

On the 4th of June, 1902, Mr. Wallace was united in marriage to Miss Sophia 
A. Schmidt, of Portland, Oregon, by whom he has one child. Dean Leslie. Mr. 
Wallace was a stalwart supporter of republican principles for many years but in 
1912 left the ranks of the party and followed Roosevelt in the organization of 
the progressive party. He has since been a stanch advocate of progressive 
republicanism and is recognized as one of the political leaders of this section of 
the state. Fraternally he is connected with Dayton Lodge, No. 26, F. & A. M. ; 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 281 

Dayton Chapter, No. 5, R. A. M.; Alki Lodge, No. 136, L O. O. F.; and the 
Dayton Lodge of the Knights of Pythias, while both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of Rainbow Chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star. 

For the past seven years Mr. Wallace has served as city clerk of Dayton 
and has made a most excellent record as a public official, being careful and 
systematic in the discharge of his duties and at all times prompt and faithful 
to the trust reposed in him. He has many admirable traits of character, is loyal 
to the public good, is thoroughly reliable in all business dealings, holds friendship 
inviolable and is devoted to the welfare of his family. His pronounced character- 
istics have gained for him a high position in public regard, while his enterprise 
and indefatigable energy have placed him among the leading business men of his 
adopted city. 



LEON B. KENWORTHY. 

Leon B. Kenworthy is actively engaged in the practice of law in Dayton and 
in a profession where advancement depends entirely upon individual merit and 
ability he has made for himself a creditable position. He was born in Salem, 
Oregon, February 16, 1874, a son of James and Lydia A. (Williams) Ken- 
worthy, both of whom were natives of Indiana. In the year 1872 they removed 
westward to Oregon, settling upon a farm where they resided until 1879. In 
that year they went to what was then Walla Walla county and took up their 
abode in Huntsville, where the father secured a tract of land and again engaged 
in farming, spending his remaining days upon that place, his death occurring 
October 23, 191 1. The mother died October 23, 1917. In their family were 
ten children, seven of whom are yet living. 

Leon B. Kenworthy was reared and educated in Washington, having been 
but five years of age at the time of the removal of his parents from Oregon to 
this state. Liberal educational opportunities were accorded him. After com- 
pleting his common school course he matriculated in Pacific College at Newberg, 
where he won the Bachelor of Arts degree upon his graduation with the class 
of 1900. He then pursued his law course, which he completed in 1902, grad- 
uating from the law department of the University of Washington. He was 
admitted to the bar and entered upon active practice in Dayton in 1904. Through 
the intervening period he has steadily advanced until he now occupies a foremost 
position in the front rank of leading attorneys in Dayton. He prepares his 
cases with great thoroughness, is skillful in the presentation of his arguments, 
is logical in his deductions and sound in his reasoning. 

In 1909 Mr. Kenworthy was united in marriage to Miss Alice M. Spurgeon, 
a native of Illinois, and to them have been born two sons : Jack Garry, deceased ; 
and Max Spurgeon. The parents are members of the Congregational church and 
in his fraternal relations Mr. Kenworthy is connected with the Knights of 
Pythias and is a member of the D. O. K. K. in that order. Politically he is a 
republican, giving stalwart support to the party, and for a number of years 
he has acceptably filled the office of city attorney, most carefully safeguarding 
the legal interests of the city in that position. He stands for progress and im- 



282 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

provement in all public affairs and has ever displayed marked devotion to the 
city's welfare and upbuilding. He owns a fine residence in Dayton and the family 
occupies an influential position in social circles. 



JOSEPH L ROSE. 



Among those whom death has called and who were contributing factors to 
the agricultural development and improvement of Columbia county was Joseph 
J. Rose, who while still acti\e in the world's work made his home on section 5, 
township 9 north, range 39 east, in Columbia county. He was born in Oregon, 
on the present site of the town of Milton, June 12, i860, a son of Eli and Catherine 
(Boldman) Rose, who crossed the plains from Iowa with ox teams in 1859. One 
child was born to them on their journey. On their arri\al in Oregon they camped 
on the present site of Alilton and it was there that the birth of Joseph J. Rose 
occurred. Not long afterward the parents removed with their family to Wash- 
ington, taking up their abode in what is now Walla Walla county, about three 
miles from Dixie. There they lived for many years, giving their attention to 
agricultural pursuits, but ultimately removed to Dayton, at which time Air. Rose 
retired from active business life, having in the intervening years acquired a com- 
fortable competence that was sufficient to supply him and his wife with all of the 
necessities and some of the luxuries of life. 

Joseph J. Rose assisted his father until he reached his twenty-third year 
and for about two years thereafter operated his father's farm. His youthful 
experiences were those of the famibred boy who divides his time between the 
duties of the schoolroom, the pleasures of the playground and the work of the 
fields. No event of special importance occurred to var)' the routine of life for 
him in that period. After culti\ating his father's land for two years he removed 
to Columbia county in 1885 and purchased a portion of what is now his old 
home place about a mile and a half south of Dayton. His first purchase made 
him owner of two hundred and twenty acres and subsequently he bought other 
land from time to time, thus adding to his holdings until he had fourteen hundred 
acres at the time of his demise. The farm which he left is one of the most 
productive and valuable farms of Columbia county. The soil is naturally rich 
and careful culti\ation has added much to its value. Good buildings have been 
put upon the farm and the place has been divided into fields of convenient size 
by well kept fences. 

Mr. Rose was married twice. In 1884 he wedded Miss Ida Williams, of 
Walla Walla county, by whom he had three children, namely : Lena, w^ho is now 
the wife of T. O. Webster, of Walla Walla: Zelma, who gave her hand in 
marriage to Earl Harting, of Walla Walla county; and Zenobia, a resident of 
Walla Walla. In July, 1900, Mr. Rose was again married, his second union 
being with Miss Mary Brockman, a daughter of W. J. Brockman, who came to 
Columbia county, Washington, in 1887 and has since passed away. By his second 
wife Mr. Rose had two pairs of twins, the first of whom died in infancy, while 
the surviving are Joseph Eli and Emma Catherine. 

Mr. Rose gave his political allegiance to the democratic party and he served for 



PUBLIC 



'•V YORK 
LI&RARYi 



rii 



.«ST^s. , rv,^j 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 285 

several years as a member of the school board but was too busy to give much 
attention to politics and never sought or desired political preferment. He belonged 
to Columbia Lodge, F. & A. M., and was a faithful follower of the teachings of 
the craft. He was also a consistent member of the Christian church and died 
in that faith December 7, 1916, leaving to his family not only the fruits of earnest 
toil but also the priceless heritage of an untarnished name, which the wise man 
of old said is more to be chosen than great riches. Mrs. Rose not only possesses 
those qualities which are essentially womanly and which everywhere command 
respect, but she is also a capable business woman. Upon the death of her husband 
she immediately took up the heavy responsibilities in connection with the operation 
of a farm of fourteen hundred acres and in her management of affairs has 
proven herself one woman in a thousand. She is now operating the farm on an 
extensive scale and is meeting with excellent success by reason of her careful 
management, her systematic methods, her keen sagacity and her enterprise. She 
occupies one of the prettiest country homes in the county and by reason of her 
business management is enabled to enjoy not only all of the comforts but also 
many of the luxuries of life. She belongs to Waitsburg Chapter, No. 9, of the 
Order of the Eastern Star, and is a devoted member of the Christian church, 
guiding her life according to its teachings. 



T. A. DARBY,- M.D. 



The northwest with its pulsing industrial a'c'fivi'ty, and its limitless resources 
is constantly drawing to it men of enterprise -ai^d-abiKty-Wllo find here opportunity 
for the expression of their dominant qualities. Among the number who have 
come from the Mississippi valley is Dr. J. A. Darby, now successfully engaged in 
the practice of medicine and surgery in Pomeroy. 

J. A. Darby was born in Hunnewell, Shelby county, Missouri, on the i6th 
of October, 1874, and is a son of James A. and Mattie B. (Cox) Darby. The 
father came to Washington with his family in 1885, settling in Pomeroy, where 
he established a hardware store, with which he was identified until about a year 
prior to his death. He passed away in 1905 and is survived by Mrs. Darby, who 
is yet living in Pomeroy. 

Dr. Darby was a lad of eleven years when his parents came to Washington and 
his education, begun in the public schools of Missouri, was continued in the 
public schools of Pomeroy. After leaving the high school he became a student 
in the Spokane Business College and still later, having determined upon the 
practice of medicine as a life work, he matriculated in the LIniversity of Oregon 
as a medical student and was graduated from that institution with the M. D. 
degree as a member of the class of 1909. Following his graduation he opened an 
office in Pomeroy and in the intervening eight years has built up an extensive and 
lucrative practice. 

On the i8th of February, 1916, Dr. Darby was united in marriage to Mrs. 
Bessie McWilliams, of Walla Walla, and to them has been bom a son, James A. 
Dr. Darby holds membership in Garfield Lodge, No. 25, K. P. ; also in Lewiston 
Lodge, No. 896, B. P. O. E., and with the Woodmen of the World and the 



286 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

United Artisans. In politics he maintains an independent course but believes in 
republican principles. He does not seek nor desire office, preferring to con- 
centrate his time and efforts upon his practice, the duties of which he discharges 
in a most conscientious and able manner. He is interested in everything that 
lends to bring to man the key to the complex mystery which we call life and by 
further reading and study is continually broadening his knowledge and promoting 
his efficiency. Colleagues and contemporaries acknowledge his ability and rank 
him with the progressive physicians of this part of the state. 



JOHN J. ASHBY. 



John J. Ashby was a pioneer of Garfield county and a citizen of wortli whose 
passing was deeply regretted by many friends. He was held in high regard by 
those who knew him as a representative business man, as a progressive citizen 
and one who was faithful to the ties of home and friendship. .\ native of 
Illinois, he was born March 12, 1S47, and was a great-grandson of a distinguished 
officer of the British army whose wife was a French lady. The ancestral line 
of the Ashby family can be traced back for over two hundred years and upon 
the records the names of many prominent men appear. 

John J. Ashby was a son of Solomon and Jane (Ripley) Ashby, the former 
a native of Montreal, Canada, while the latter was born in the state of New 
York. They became residents of Stephenson county, Illinois, in the '40s and 
there resided until 1865, when they crossed the plains with teams and wagons 
and settled in the Williamette valley of Oregon. There they resided until 1873, 
when they became residents of Old Walla Walla county, making their home 
near the present site of the city of Pomeroy. The district w-as then largely wild 
and undeveloped, but with characteristic energy Mr. Ashby began the cultivation 
of his land, converting his place into a well improved farm, upon which he and 
his wife spent their remaining days. They had a family of three children but 
only one is now living. 

John J. Ashby was a youth of eighteen years when he crossed the plains with 
his parents. The trip was a long and arduous one, fraught with many difficul- 
ties and hardships, but day after day they slowly proceeded on their way until 
the western coast was reached. Lie remained with his parents in the Willamette 
valley for a time and was married there in 1872 to Miss Mary Denny, a daughter 
of John F. Denny, w'hose birth occurred in Indiana in 1819. He crossed the 
])Liins in 1852 and settled in Marion county, Oregon, upon a donation claim. 
There he built a typical log cabin with puncheon floor 'and door, through which 
a string was inserted that was fastened to the latch in order that the traveler 
might pull the string and open the door. Such was the hospitality of that period. 
The little pioneer cabin also had a mud and stick chimney and its furnishings 
were perhaps as primitive as the exterior. In that little home the Denny family 
lived for several years. The father was a lifelong republican and was chosen 
to represent his district in the territorial legislature. In i860 he was ordained 
to the ministry of the IMcthodist Episcopal church by Bishop C. W. Clark and 
thus he became actively identified with the moral development of the state as 




JOHN D. ASHBY 





MK. AND MRS. .1. J. A8HBY 




JENNIE ASHBY 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 289 

well as with its material and political progress. The grandfather of Mrs. Ashby 
was also a prominent figure in the northwest. He served in the War of 1812 
under Colonel M. Johnston and was appointed by President Lincoln as governor 
of the territory of Washington in 1861, thus becoming prominently identified 
with the development of the northwest. He had two sons who were prominent 
citizens of the northwest. A. A. Denny was called "The father of Seattle," and 
D. T. Denny was the first to erect a white man's home where that city now stands. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Ashby were bom two children: Jennie, who died at the 
age of twelve years; and John Denny, whose biographical sketch follows this. 
It was in the year 1874 that Mr. and Mrs. Ashby took u{) their abode upon the 
farm in Garfield county and from that time until his death, which occurred 
November 10, 1914, he devoted his attention to general agricultural pursuits, 
becoming the owner of four hundred and eighty acres of fine wheat land. He 
also owned a very attractive residence in the city of Pomeroy, which is still the 
property of his widow. He was a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, in the work of which he took an active and helpful part, and he was 
always ready to lend a helping hand to the poor and needy, his assistance being 
given in most generous manner. He was a great worker in behalf of the cause 
of temperance and assisted all church activities both by his moral and financial 
support. 



JOHN DENNY ASHBY. 

No death in Garfield county has been more deeply deplored than that of 
John Denny Ashby, who was bom in this county, Febmary 8^, 1876. Spending 
his youthful days in the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. John J. Ashby, he 
attended the public schools until graduated from the high school at Pomeroy in 
1895. He was afterward graduated from the Montana \^'esleyan Lhiiversity 
with the class of 1899, winning the degree of Bachelor of Arts. During his 
student days there he was a member of the college debating club, was captain of 
the military company and president of the Young Men's Christian Association, 
thus showing his active connection with all the varied interests which constitute 
the commendable phases of college life. In 1900 he was honored by an offer of 
two positions, one as instructor of science and higher mathematics at his alma 
mater, the other a government position in China. At the persuasion of his 
parents he accepted the former. Speaking of his work in the schools, Professor 
Tenny, president of the Montana University, said: "I have had the very best 
men associated with me in the school work that I could hope for, but I have 
never found a man who was so unselfishly loyal to me, loyal to himself, loyal 

to God." 

In 1901 Denny Ashby entered the New York Homeopathic College & Hospital 
as a member of the class of 1905. During his freshman year he served as senator 
for the class and he also won the freshman prize, while at the end of the junior 
year he won the Fiske prize for the highest standing in three years' work, the 
prize consisting of a valuable set of surgical instraments. On the 2d of August, 
1904, while in bathing on the beach at Oak island, near Fire island, he was caught 



290 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

by a big wave and drowned wbile attempting to go to the rescue of a trained 
nurse. Llis death was deeply deplored by all who knew him for he was a young 
man of unusual promise and ability. At the age of fourteen years he united 
with the Methodist church and his life was dedicated to the work of a medical 
missionary, bttt death intervened and his remains were sent home from New 
York and laid to rest by the side of his sister in the Pomeroy cemetery, where 
his grandparents are resting and also his father. Of him it may well be said 
that he has joined "The choir invisible of those immortal dead who live again in 
lives made better by their presence." 

From all parts of the countr)- came letters and expressions of sympathy to 
Mr. and Mrs. Ashby, showing profound regret at the loss of one so richly endowed 
with God's best gifts to humanity. Clayton C. Fergtison, who had been his 
classmate in the medical college wrote : "The first hard grind of the year is over. 
As many grains growing luxuriously by the wayside owe their origin to seeds 
blown or dropped from some passing wagon laden with the harvest, so in review- 
ing this course I find that many of my present developed ideas have sprung from 
seeds sown by Denny's fruitful pen along the margins of books once loved by 
him, and which you kindly gave me. Some of these thoughtful seeds flowering 
have lined the pathway with fragrance ; others have caused me at times to pause 
and admire their beauty ; still others, bruised and broken by the rude blast, have 
given me moments of pain as in the contemplation of their destruction my 
thoughts reverted to a like condition of their creator. Among our family house- 
hold seeds others than those sown on paper were sprinkled along life's pathway 
by the same loving hands during those happy days of association." In another 
letter the above writer saj's : "I have taken Denny's drugs and placed them in 
my desk, praying with God's help to use them as my dear loved one would have, 
always ready to help the suffering. Do accept my thanks for them and remember 
that I am at your service at all times to do for you anything in my power. Call 
tipon me if you want medicine for yourself or anybody else. * * * You will 
never know the sorrow felt in our home, unless yoti had been in it when Denny 
was a part of it. No one can fill his place at the table, nor will anyone ever be 
allowed to sit there." One of his boy friends said: "If ever a soul reached 
heaven Denny Ashby is there," and another said: "If ever anybody could 
make a Christian of one by the good life he lived and the example he left, Denny 
Ashby was that one." At the opening of the college the dean. Dr. King, paid a 
glowing tribute to the memory of his former pupil, saying: "The class of 1905 
has stift'ered a great loss through the death of John Denny Ashby," and made 
especial mention of his modest, retiring nature, which to a large degree obscured 
his "massive mental capacity." The class of 1905 passed the following resolu- 
tion: "Realizing that by the death of your only son the class of 1905 of the 
New York Medical College has lost not only a man who has distinguished him- 
self as a student, but also by his daily life proved himself to be a young man of 
most exemplary character. We, the class of 1905, do hereby extend to you in 
this hour of your great afifliction our most heartfelt sympathy. We one and all 
feel that we have lost a true friend and brother physician." A beautiful and 
merited tribute was expressed by Dr. C. F. Sibly, who wrote: "His death 
bound east and west in mourning. There is a bright side, however, which we 
must not overlook. When his body was recovered at daybreak, August 3d, its 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 291 

appearance was like that of a hero and conqueror; his hands were folded 
defiantly across his breast, his characteristic peaceful smile was very manifest. 
It was evident to the observer that as he had lived a conqueror's life, so he had 
died a conqueror's death. For him death had no sting, the grave no victory. 
There was no moaning of the bar or midnight darkness when he put out to sea, 
but a glorious ushering in to the presence of that great company of just souls, 
robed white, washed clean by the blood of the Lamb — an introduction to the 
throng, arrayed with palms of victory and crowns of glory." 



JAMES OTTO LONG. 



James Otto Long, a well known grain dealer of Pomeroy, who was formerly 
extensively engaged in farming and stock raising, is a typical citizen of the 
golden west, alert, energetic, progressive and resourceful. He was born in Lane 
county, Oregon, August 15, 1864, and is a son of Ransom and Rosetta (Clark) 
Lous', the former a native of Virginia, while the latter was born in Indiana. 
They were married in Fulton county, Illinois, having removed to that state with 
their respective parents in childhood days. After their marriage they became 
residents of Iowa and in 1852 crossed the plains with ox teams to the Willa- 
mette valley of Oregon, where they remained for about twenty years. In 1872 
they came to Washington and spent the first year on the Patit creek near Dayton, 
after which they moved northward into what is now Garfield county and located 
on the Pataha prairie, seven miles south of the present site of Pomeroy. Here 
the father used his homestead and preemption rights and upon that place which 
he secured continued to make his home until the death of his wife. He later 
resided at the home of his children and passed away on the 5th of April, 1898, 
having for twelve years survived his wife, who died on the 27th of June, 1886. 
In politics he was a republican and was a progressive citizen, interested in all 
that pertained to the public welfare. 

James O. Long was educated in the district schools and when about twenty- 
two years of age left the home farm, after which he devoted eight years to 
prospecting and mining but failed to find the proverbial pot of gold at the foot 
of the rainbow, as he desired. He then decided to return to agricultural life and 
on the 1st of October, 1895, he was united in marriage to Miss Mettie Williams, 
of Garfield county, a daughter of Nicholas Williams, who came to the county in 

1873- 

Following their marriage Mr. Long purchased a farm on the Pataha prairie 
and occupied the place for ten years. On the expiration of that period he took 
up his abode in Pomeroy in 1905 and for a decade gave his attention to the live 
stock business, owning a stock ranch halfway between Pomeroy and Lewiston, 
on the Alpowa, where he made a specialty of grazing sheep. His live stock 
interests were profitably conducted but about two years ago he disposed of his 
ranch and turned his attention to the grain business, establishing and operating 
a grain warehouse in Pomeroy. He is now prominently known in connection with 
the grain trade and has developed a business of extensive and gratifying pro- 



292 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

portions. He is a man of determined purpose and resolute will and whatever 
he undertakes he carries forward to successful completion. 

Mr. and Mrs. Long have become the parents of eight children, seven of whom 
survive, as follows : Lois, the wife of Ray Gimlin, who follows farming in 
Garfield county, Washington; and Florence, Willena, Clark, Lewis, Marian and 
Burton, all at home. 

Mrs. Long and her daughters are members of the Congregational church and 
the family is prominent socially in the community where they reside. In politics 
Mr. Long is a republican and keeps well informed on the questions and issues 
of the day but does not seek public office. His life has been one of diligence and 
his labors have been crowned with a substantial measure of success. 



J. W. HARBERT. 



J. W. Harbert, of Small township, whose residence in Walla Walla county 
dates from 1859, is one of the earliest pioneers of this section now living. He 
was born in Fountain county, Indiana, September 25, 1835, a son of Richard J. 
and Mary (Zumwalt) Harbert, natives respectively of Havre de Grace, Mary- 
land, and Cynthiana, Kentucky. Their Jiiarriage," however, was celebrated in 
Indiana, where they resided until 1844, when they removed with their family to 
Dubuque, Iowa. Three years later they Went to Moimt Vernon, a college town 
in Linn county, Iowa, which remained tlieir. place of residence for many years. 
The father came to Walla Walla, in 1878, but after spending over a year in this 
locality returned to Iowa, where his "wife died in 1888. Immediately after her 
death he again came to Washington and made his home with his son, J. W. 
Harbert, until his death, which occurred about a year later, in 1889. 

J. W. Harbert was reared at home and received his education in the common 
schools. In 1859 he decided that the west offered the most favorable opportuni- 
ties for an ambitious young man and accordingly made the long overland trip to 
Walla Walla county, driving an ox team for another man in exchange for the 
privilege of having his provisions transported. Following his arrival here he 
worked for Charles Russell for two years and then devoted eight years to 
freighting from Wallula and Umatilla Landing to the Idaho mines and to other 
points in this part of the country. When the railroad was built through, the need 
for freighting by team ceased and he turned his attention to farming. He 
worked hard, gave careful attention to the management of his afTairs and in 
time acquired fourteen hundred acres of the finest farm land in the county. He 
was quick to recognize and take advantage of any unusual opportunity and one 
of the chief factors in his success has been the close personal supervision which 
he has given to his work. In 1863, while hauling a load of freight from Wallula 
to Idaho City, he camped on the night of July 2d on the site of Fort Boise, the 
officers choosing that site the following morning for a fort. In 1864 he hauled 
one hundred and seventy-five thousand feet of lumber from the mountains to 
Boise city and watched the loading and unloading of every board. His natural 
vigor and strength have been conserved by wholesome outdoor life, and today, 
at the age of eighty-two years, he superintends all his farm work and is as 





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1^ 




MRS _J _ Y/- HARBERT 



T = :K new YORK 

PUBLIC L[f?RA?;V 

AST'^H. ■ ?"NOX 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY ^^^ . 

active as most men twenty-five years his junior. When he arrived in Walla 
Walla county he had but three dollars and the financial independence which is 
now his is the direct result of his own labors. 

On the 13th of July, 1866, Mr. Harbert was united in marriage to Miss Emma 
Evans, a daughter of G. W. Evans, who came to Walla Walla county in 1861. 
To this union were born six children, three of whom survive, namely : Ida H., 
the wife of Thomas Paine, of Richland, Washington; Floy, who married Frank 
Holman, of Freewater, Oregon; and Liberty, the wife of Julius Jensen, of this 
county. On the 8th of January, 1878, Mrs. Harbert passed away and on the 
8th of April, 1884, Mr. Harbert married Miss Lizzie D. Groff, a native of Iowa. 
They have two living children, Cliflford G. and Hazel, both at home. 

Mr. Harbert supports the republican party at the polls and for twenty years 
has served as school director, his continuance in the office indicating his ability 
and trustworthiness. Although he does not hold membership in the church his 
religious belief is in the main that of the Methodist Episcopal church and he 
contributes liberally to its support and also to various charitable projects. His 
many admirable qualities are generally recognized and there is no resident of the 
county more highly esteemed than he. 



FRED M. YOUNG. 



Fred M. Young, who since starting out in life on his own account at the age 
of sixteen has been continuously connected with the florist business, is now 
senior partner of the firm of Young & Lester, prominent florists and nurserymen 
of Walla Walla, where they conduct an extensive business. He was born in Cass 
county, Iowa, April 26, 1879, a son of Salathiel and Martha M. (Caughey) 
Young, both of whom were natives of Ohio. They were married in Iowa, how- 
ever, having removed to that state in childhood with their respective parents. 
At the time of the Civil war the father responded to the country's call to arms, 
enlisting as a member of Company C, Eighth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, with 
which he served for more than four years, participating in many of the hotly 
contested battles which finally resulted in the winning of victory for the Union. 
With a most creditable military record he returned to his home in Iowa after the 
war was closed and there he engaged in gardening and fruit growing at Grove 
City. In 1900 he removed to Denver, Colorado, and in the fall of 1916 he sold 
his Denver home and returned to Iowa, residing with a daughter in Council 
Bluffs up to the time of his death, which occurred in February, 1917. His widow 
survives and yet makes her home with the daughter in Council Bluffs. 

Fred M. Young had the benefit of educational training in the public schools 
until sixteen years of age, when he left the parental roof and went to Council 
Bluffs, entering the employ of his brother-in-law, J. F. Wilcox, a florist of that 
city. It was under his instruction that he acquainted himself with the florist 
business, gaining comprehensive and accurate knowledge in every department 
and in every connection. After three years he went to Chicago, where he was 
identified with the firm of Bassett & Washburn, well known florists, with whom 
he continued for a year. He next went to Denver, Colorado, where he was in 
Vol. n — 12 



298 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

the employ of the Colfax Floral Company for three years and on the expiration 
of that period he went to Pueblo, Colorado, as manager of the George Fleischer 
Floral Company, in which capacity he served for eighteen months. He was after- 
ward in Salt Lake City, where he occupied the position of manager of the 
Huddard Floral Company, with which he remained for three years. He then 
spent a short time in San Francisco and still later went to Seattle, where he 
became head gardener at the Bremerton navy yards, occupying that position for 
about six months. .\t that time his sister, who was living in Walla Walla, 
persuaded him to come to this city and he arrived here with the intention of 
going into business but was disappointed in raising the necessary capital. He 
went to work for James Wait, a florist with whom he continued for ten months, 
and later removed to Portland, Oregon, where he was in the employ of Martin 
& Forbes, with whom he remained for about a year and a half. In November, 
1907, he resigned this position and returned to Walla Walla, opening a small 
flower store at No. 7 East Main street known as Bedell's Bazaar. On the ist of 
May following Hampton Huff, who had a small greenhouse property on the 
present site of the Young & Lester greenhouses and who had become too old to 
work proposed to Mr. Young to go into business with him. Their capital was 
limited and Mr. Young gave Mr. Huff his note for seven thousand dollars for 
a half interest in the business. Thus he started out independently. They made 
enough money that spring to build another greenhouse and put in a new boiler. 
The following year they were able to build three more greenhouses and in the 
succeeding year Mr. Huff retired and Mr. Young secured a lease on the whole 
property with an option to buy. In 191 3 he sold Clyde Lester an interest in the 
business and the present firm of Young & Lester was thus formed. The business 
has developed rapidly. Their plant is strictly modern and up-to-date. They 
have eight and three-fourths acres of land under cultivation, with about twenty- 
five thousand square feet under glass. Their city store is at 19 East Main 
street and is one of the most modem and attractive florist establishments in 
eastern Washington. There is no phase of the business with which Mr. Young 
is not thoroughly familiar. He has made a close study of plant development and 
propagation and everything in the line of growing plants and blooming flowers 
that can be raised in this section of the countr}' is found in his establishment. 

In 1914 Mr. Young was united in marriage to Miss Effie Morrison, of Walla 
Walla, and in the social circles of the city they are widely and prominently known. 
Mr. Young is a stalwart republican, giving unfaltering allegiance to the party 
and its principles. He belongs to Walla Walla Lodge, No. 287, B. P. O. E. ; to 
Enterprise Lodge, No. 121, I. O. O. F. ; and to Columbia Lodge, No. 8, K. P. 
He is also identified with Alki Temple of the Dramatic Order of the Knights 
of Khorassan at Walla Walla and the Knights of the Maccabees and the Knights 
and Ladies of Security. He belongs to the Commercial Club and is interested in 
all of its plans and purposes for the upbuilding and development of the city. His 
wife is a member of the Christian church and Mr. Young gives his aid and 
influence on the side of all those forces which work for the upbuilding and 
progress of Walla Walla along material, social, intellectual and moral lines. In 
an analyzation of his life record it will be seen that concentration of purpose along 
a single line of business has been one of the salient features in his success. He 
started out as a florist and has continued in that field of activity. He has never 




RESIDENCE OF J. W. HARBERT 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY ' 301 

allowed difficulties nor obstacles to bar his path but has overcome these by 
determined effort and has ever recognized that satisfied patrons are the best 
advertisement. He has sought earnestly to please his customers and his establish- 
ment, presenting everything that is most attractive, unique and beautiful in the 
line of floral culture, has been most liberally patronized. 



THOMAS P. GOSE. 



Thomas P. Gose, attorney at law practicing in Walla Walla as senior partner 
in the firm of Gose & Crowe, was born in Sullivan county, Missouri, May ii, 
1855, a son of John JM. and Hannah J. (McQuown) Gose. The father is a 
native of Kentucky, while the mother's birth occurred in Virginia. They were 
married, in Missouri, to which state they had removed with their respective 
parents in childhood days. The father was among the argonauts who started in 
search of the golden fleece to California in the year 1849. He made the over- 
land trip by way of the Santa Fe trail and spent five years in the Golden state. 
He then returned to Missouri in 1854, crossing the plains, after which he con- 
tinued his residence in Missouri until 1862, when he went to Denver, Colorado, 
again making a trip in quest of gold. He spent about one year there, after which 
he once more took up his abode in Missouri. The lure of the west, however, was 
upon him and in 1864 he removed with his family to Boise City, Idaho, where 
he arrived in August. The city was at that time a frontier village, far removed 
from civilization to the eastward or to the westward. Prices were so high that 
during that winter he was obliged to pay about fifty dollars for a fifty-pound 
sack of flour. In July, 1865, he came to Walla Walla and began farming in the 
vicinity of the city. Both he and his wife are still living, Mr. Gose having 
reached the notable old age of ninety-two years, while his wife is enjoying good 
health at the age of eighty-six years. They now make their home with their 
son, Thomas P. Gose, who is looking after their comfort and welfare and thus 
with filial devotion is repaying the love and care which they bestowed upon him 
in his youth. 

Thomas P. Gose was a lad of about ten years when the family arrived in 
Washington and much of his education was therefore acquired in the public 
schools of Walla Walla, supplemented by study in the Whitman Academy. In 
the spring of 1886, having determined to engage in a professional career, he took 
up the study of law and in 1889, after a thorough reading of the principles of 
jurisprudence, he was admitted to the bar. In the fall of 1890 he opened his 
law office in Walla Walla and in the intervening period, covering twenty-seven 
years, he has had several law partnerships, being now senior member of the 
firm of Gose & Crowe, which was formed in August, 1914. This firm ranks 
with the foremost at the Walla Walla bar. Mr. Gose is devotedly attached to 
his profession, is systematic and methodical in habit, sober and discreet in judg- 
ment, diligent in research and conscientious in the discharge of every duty. An 
earnest manner, marked strength of character and a thorough grasp of the law, 
with ability to accurately apply its principles, make him an effective and successful 
advocate and he is also a safe and wise counselor. 



302 ■ OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

On the 20th of December, 1893, Mr. Gose was united in marriage to Miss 
Clara Crowe, of Freewater, Oregon, by whom he has five children, as follows : 
Cecile, who was graduated from Whitman College with the class of 1916 and is 
now a teacher in the high school at Kalama, Washington ; Gladys and Marjorie, 
both of whom are attending Whitman College ; Vera, a high school graduate ; 
and Thomas P., who is a high school student. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gose are members of the Congregational church and are inter- 
ested in all that pertains to individual uplift and community betterment. Air. 
Gose votes with the democratic party and has served as deputy prosecuting 
attorney, while for four years he was a member of the Walla Walla board of 
education. He is the present chairman of the democratic county central com- 
mittee and for years past has been a dominant factor in the aflfairs of his party, 
doing much to mold public thought and opinion and putting forth earnest and 
effective effort to secure party success. The limitless possibilities of the west 
have ever stirred his ambition and his energy, intelligently directed, has carried 
him into important professional relations. 



BREWSTER FERREL. 



Brewster Ferrel now ocupies an attractive home at 336 South Palouse 
street in Walla \'\'alla, where he is surrounded with all of the comforts and 
many of the luxuries of life. For many years he was prominently and actively 
identified with farming, taking up that work in Walla Walla county in early 
pioneer times and meeting with all of the hardships and privations which were 
incident to the settlement of the frontier. He was born in Trumbull county, 
Ohio, August 22, 1838, a son of Edward and Rosella (Fish) Ferrel, the former 
a native of Pennsylvania, while the latter was born in Ohio. They were married 
in the Buckeye state and in 1854 removed to Iowa, where both resided tip to the 
tinie of their death. 

Brewster Ferrel was a lad of sixteen years when his father removed to Iowa 
and in the public schools of that state he supplemented the educational training 
which he had already received in Ohio. He was trained to farm work, early 
becoming familiar with the tasks of plowing, planting and harvesting, and he 
early developed habits of industry and perseverance which later constituted very 
important elements in the attainment of his present-day success. 

In 1861, Brewster Ferrel was united in marriage in Iowa to Miss Caroline 
Bott, a native of Muskingum county, Ohio, whose parents had removed to Iowa 
when she was a little maiden of ten summers. The young couple began their 
domestic life in the middle west but in 1864 left their Iowa home and started 
across the plains with a team of mules and a prairie schooner. They joined a 
wagon train and, traveling after the slow and tedious method of that period, at 
length arrived in Walla Walla on the 3d of August, 1864. For some time after 
reaching the northwest Mr. Ferrel, like many other of the pioneers, engaged in 
freighting and continued in that business up to the advent of the railroad, when 
freighting by team was no longer profitable. He then concentrated his energies 
upon farming. It was in 1864 that he had homesteaded and secured the farm 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY . 303 

property which he still owns. The first year after his arrival there was little 
wheat raised and so great was the demand for it in the mining regions of the 
Rocky Mountains that he sold all he had for a dollar and a quarter per bushel, 
which was considered a very high price in that day. The following year, how- 
ever, the eastern demand fell off and the farmers were obliged to market their 
product in Portland, where the wheat brought only sixty cents per bushel. Stock 
could be ranged easily in the mountains and for a time Mr. Ferrel engaged in 
raising stock, driving his cattle to the different mining camps, where he would 
sell them. Eventually, however, he disposed of his live stock interests entirely. 
To his original farm of two hundred acres he gradually added four hundred 
acres and finally more and more, paying for his last tract a hundred dollars per 
acre — a tract that could have been bought at the time of his arrival for a dollar 
and a quarter per acre. Mr. Ferrel has always been actuated by a spirit of enter- 
prise and progressiveness in anything that he has undertaken. He was among 
the first to build a barbed wire fence in Walla Walla county. Up to this time he 
had hauled rails from the mountains and tied them to posts by means of rawhide, 
thus using the otherwise useless hides to help fence his crops from the ranging 
herds. For the first barbed wire he paid eighteen cents per pound and it was a 
very crude article compared to that manufactured at the present time at that. 
The most improved farm machine was the old McCormick reaper, bearing little 
resemblance to the binders and headers of the present time. Mr. Ferrel even 
cradled large portions of his wheat crop in those early years and all the farmers 
would unite to harvest and thresh. At that day many believed that the Walla 
Walla valley would be abandoned as soon as the mines to the eastward were 
exhausted and many refused to take up land and settle. At times Mr. Ferrel 
may have become discouraged but with stout heart he pressed on and his diligence 
and determination have at length secured a substantial reward. His crops today 
bring ten per cent on an investment rated at one hundred dollars per acre and he 
and his sons have built up a grain-growing business that is as carefully, methodic- 
ally and successfully managed as any mercantile estabhshment. The old home- 
stead is located on Russell creek, about eight miles east of Walla Walla, and 
thereon Mr. Ferrel resided until 1902, when he took up his abode in the city, 
where he has one of the most handsome homes to be found in southeastern 
Washington. In the meantime he had added to his possessions until he became 
the owner of three thousand acres of farm land, which make him one of the 
county's most substantial and prosperous citizens. All that he has acquired in 
the course of an active and busy life has been won since he came to Washington 
and most of it has been made in the past twenty or twenty-five years. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ferrel became the parents of eight children, seven of whom 
survive, as follows: Thomas J., who is engaged in farming in Walla Walla 
county ; Rosella E., the wife of Walter Barnett, an agriculturist of Walla Walla 
county; Seth A., David B. and Joseph W., all of whom follow farming in Walla 
Walla county: Fidelia C. the wife of Charles Maxson, who is a farmer residing 
in Walla Walla ; and Myrtle M., who gave her hand in marriage to Thomas Jones, 
an agriculturist of Walla Walla county. 

Mr. Ferrel gives his political allegiance to the republican party, which he 
has continuously supported since age conferred upon him the right of franchise. 
He and his wife are consistent members of the Methodist church and have ever 



304 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

been loyal to its teachings, while to its work they have been generous contributors. 
They are among the most highly esteemed citizens of Walla Walla, where they 
have resided since early pioneer times, and there is no phase of the county's 
development and improvement in all the intervening years with which they are 
not familiar. In his business affairs Mr. Ferrel has ever displayed indefatigable 
energy, close application and persistency of purpose and his record indicates that 
success and an honored name may be won simultaneously. 



FRANK FITZGERALD. 

Frank Fitzgerald, who is devoting his time and energies to the operation of 
an excellent farm on section 34, township 13 north, range 42 east, Garfield 
county, was born in Tennessee, April 17, 1855, a son of Alford and Temperance 
(Bradshaw) Fitzgerald, natives respectively of Virginia and North Carolina, 
who were married, however, in Tennessee. In i860 the family removed to 
Missouri and later in the same year the father passed away. The mother con- 
tinued to reside in that state until her death in 1906. All of their four children 
survive. 

Frank Fitzgerald passed the greater part of his boyhood and youth in the 
state of Missouri, as he was but five years of age at the time of the removal 
there, and his education was that afforded by the public schools. In 1887 he 
removed to Garfield county, Washington, and for thirteen years operated rented 
land but in 1900 bought his present farm of three hundred and twenty acres on 
section 34, township 13 north, range 42 east. His success has been based upon 
the sure foundation of hard work and the most rigorous attention to the task 
in hand. 

Mr. Fitzgerald was married September 23, 1880, to Miss May Temple, who 
was bom in Wisconsin, and they have eleven children, namely: Pearl, the wife 
of S. E. Fanning ; Harold, Frank and Justin, all now in the United States army ; 
Letta, the wife of Emery Dye; Alford; Otto; Opal; Louise; and two deceased. 

Mr. Fitzgerald supports the republican party at the polls and for years has 
been a member of the school board, in which connection he has been instrumental 
in securing gratifying progress in the educational system of his locality. He is 
well known and highly esteemed and his personal friends are many. 



LEE BARNES. 



Lee Barnes, who is now filling the position of sheriff' in Walla Walla county, 
was born in Boone county, Missouri, July 20, 1866. His father, John S. Barnes, 
is a native of Sangamon county, Illinois, born in February, 1828, and is still a 
resident of Oregon, having reached the ninetieth milestone on life's journey. His 
life has been devoted to the occupation of farming. His wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Lucinda J. Sims, was born in Kentucky and is deceased. In 
their family were seven children who are still living: M. C, who is a resident of 




MR. AND MRS. FRANK FITZGERALD 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 307 

Boone county, Missouri; J. T., living in Touchet, Washington; C. H., a resident 
of Yakima, Washington; Lucy J., the wife of John W. Parks, of Freewater, 
Oregon; W. W., also a resident of Freewater; Lee, of this review; and Joseph 
S., of Kansas City, Missouri. 

Lee Barnes largely obtained his education in Saline county, Missouri, and 
afterward became a barber, following his trade at various places in his native 
state for seventeen years. On the expiration of that period he turned his atten- 
tion to the confectionery business in Touchet, Washington, and has since made 
his home in Walla Walla county. He served for four years as deputy sheriff 
under Michael Toner and in 1914 was elected to the office of sheriff, in which 
position he is now serving for the second term, discharging his duties with 
promptness and fidelity and without fear or favor. 

In 1889 Mr. Barnes was married to Miss Ollie N. Doty, a native of Iowa and 
a daughter of Lyman Doty. Mr. and Mrs. Barnes have become the parents of 
two children : Walter S., who married Vela Burns and has two children, Mildred 
and Audrey ; and Lottie, the wife of Elvin Galloway, of Touchet, Washington, 
by whom she has one child, Elaine. On March 6, 1902, Mrs. Barnes passed 
away, sincerely mourned by her family and her many friends. 

In politics Mr. Barnes has always been a stalwart advocate of democratic 
principles and has given earnest support to the party. He holds membership 
in the Baptist church and his life has been guided by its principles. Those who 
know him esteem him highly, for his marked characteristics of manhood and 
citizenship are those which commend him to the warin regard, the'COrtfidence and 
the goodwill of those with wliom he has been brought iri contact,,.^; jC; • 



ROY ROBERT CAHILL. 

Well qualified for his chosen calling, Roy Robert Cahill has made for himself 
a creditable position among the able attorneys of Dayton. Moreover, he deserves 
representation in this volume as one of the native sons of Columbia county, 
where his birth occurred June 19, 1884. He is a son of Alph P. and Irene M. 
(Starr) Cahill. The father is now cashier of the Broughton National Bank and 
a leading and influential business man of this section of the state. 

Roy Robert Cahill was educated in the public schools of Dayton, after which 
he attended Whitman College at Walla Walla, there winning the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts upon the completion of a classical course in 1909. He thus 
laid broad and deep the foundation upon which to build the superstructure of 
professional learning. After his graduation from Whitman he entered the law- 
department of Columbia University and there won his law degree as a member 
of the class of 1912. Following his graduation he returned to Dayton, where he 
opened an office and entered upon the practice of his chosen profession, which he 
has since followed independently. 

In 19 1 3 Mr. Cahill was united in marriage to Miss Jessie Criffield, a daughter 
of W. R. Criffield, of Walla Walla. He belongs to Dayton Lodge, No. 26, F. & 
A. M. and he gives his political allegiance to the republican party. He is widely 
known as a representative young business man, possessing marked ability and 



308 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

enterprise, and that his has been a well spent life is indicated in the fact that 
many of his stanchest friends are those who have known him from his boyhood 
to the present time. 



REV. ALEXANDER WALTER SWEENEY. 

After a useful and well spent life Alexander W. Sweeney passed away on the 
28th of November, 1903, honored and respected by all who knew him. He was 
born in Savannah, Flardin county, Tennessee, January 25, 1825, but before he 
was five years of age accompanied his parents on their removal to Arkansas, the 
family locating near Fayetteville, which was then a frontier settlement with no 
educational advantages. Being unable to attend school he was taught the ele- 
mentary branches by his father until the latter's death, which occurred in 1S33 
when our subject was still quite young. The father had a contract with the 
government to carry the United States mail and during his illness the son often 
took the mail. 

After his father's death Alexander W. Sw^eeney started out to make his own 
way in the world and was apprenticed- to; a "tainner, whose cruelty soon forced him 
to leave and seek the protection di ai^ .oWfirbrdtK^r.'" During the autumn of 1839 
while attending a camp meeting near Fayetteville, he joined the Cumberland 
Presbyterian church and desirous; pf^'ecoming a minister, was received under the 
care of the Arkansas Presbyter}' as- -a— pfobatToner when about eighteen years of 
age. A school of academic grade had been established in the community and Mr. 
Sweeney became a student there, in the meantime working for his support and 
doing his studying at night. 

When in his nineteenth year he was licensed to preach and according to the 
custom of his church was put on the circuit to preach a part of each year. During 
a period of six months of continuous service on the circuit he received only two 
dollars and forty cents in money, one pair of home knit socks and had his horse 
shod free. For four or five years he continued to attend school as opportunity 
afforded while preaching and in that time made sufficient progress in his studies 
to enable him to enter the sophomore year in college. Accordingly he went to 
Princeton, Kentucky, where he attended Cumberland College until 1850, and then 
returned to the Arkansas Presbytery, where he was at once ordained to the 
ministry at the age of twenty-five years, having spent eight years in preparation 
for his chosen work. 

Soon after his ordination Rev. Sweeney joined a company of gold hunters 
who with ox teams crossed the plains and arrived at a gold camp on the Ameri- 
can river in California, August 26, 1850. The following Sunday he preached to 
a company of miners that collected under the shade of a live oak tree, thus 
beginning a ministry on the Pacific coast which lasted until his physical health 
failed him. In 1851 he went to the Willamette valley in Oregon and was present 
as a visitor at the organization of the Oregon Presbytery, November 3, 1851. 
For seven years he preached throughout the Willamette valley, exerting a strong 
moral influence wherever he went. 

On the 15th of July, 1852, Rev. Sweeney was united in marriage to Miss 




MRS. ALEXAXDKU \V. SWEENEY 




REV. ALEXANDER W. SWEENEY 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 313 

Angeline Allen, of Marion county, Oregon, a daughter of Samuel and Sarah 
(Benson) Allen. Of the three children born to Rev. and Mrs. Sweeney, Adelia, 
the eldest, died at the age of fifteen years. Those still living are Samuel B. and 
Mrs. Adna Sharpstein. 

On account of throat trouble Mr. Sweeney and his family went to California 
in 1858 and remained in that state for about four years, during which time he 
taught school for a year and a half at Sonoma, being principal of the female de- 
partment of a Presbyterian college. In 1862 he again came north, going with the 
gold seekers to Clearwater, Idaho, where he devoted his time to the work of the 
ministry and to his duties as justice of the peace. In 1867 he removed to 
Umatilla Landing on the Columbia river in Oregon, where he not only engaged 
in preaching but also taught school. There was no organized church at that 
place but he was paid about six hundred dollars by popular subscription, which 
was the best salary he had ever received for his ministerial services up to that 
time. For one year he served as superintendent of schools for Umatilla county. 

In 1869 Mr. Sweeney returned to California, traveling by way of the Columbia 
river and Pacific ocean, and during his sojourn in that state taught school under 
supervision of the church at Collegeville, about eight miles from Stockton, in 
San Joaquin county for a year and a half, and on his retirement from that 
work returned to Oregon, spending two years at Albany. From there he came to 
western Washington about 1872 and did considerable missionary work among the 
pioneers of this region, traveling over a large territory, more than one hundred 
miles in extent. He started the first Presbyterian church in Walla Walla with 
but two members. He preached in Waitsburg, Daytonj Ponieroy and Colfax and 
often held services in school houses and groves thi-oughout the country. Failing 
health at length caused him to retire from the active work of the ministry after 
thirty-five years of most faithful service. He preached occasionally up to the 
year 1900. His wife was a most competent help and by her good management 
made the sunset of his life much easier financially. His unselfish life and devo- 
tion to the work of the Master gained him the unqualified regard of all with whom 
he came in contact. Although now eighty-one years of age, Mrs. Sweeney is 
still well preserved, being strong and active and able to do considerable work. 
including the care of her own garden. Her intellect seems unimpaired and she 
appears to be much younger than she really is. She was always a faithful wife, 
a capable financier and a hard worker, being able to support herself and children 
and secure the property which kept Mr. Sweeney in comfort during his declining 
years. 



GUY S. DEMARIS. 



An excellent farm of one hundred and thirty acres pays tribute to the care 
and labor bestowed upon it by Guy S. Demaris, whose place is situated on section 
12, township 7 north, range 37 east, in Walla Walla county. He was born No- 
vember 4, 1885, on the farm where he now resides, his parents being Orlando 
and Mary (Lewis) Demaris, who are mentioned elsewhere in this work. His 
youthful days were spent under the parental roof and he early became familiar 



314 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

with the best methods of tilHng the soil and caring for the crops, dividing his 
time between the acquirement of an education in the district schools, the 
pleasures of the playground and the work of the fields. He also had the ad- 
vantage of a business course in the Empire Business College at Walla Walla and 
after completing his studies he worked for his brothers, Fred and David, in 
connection with their farming operations. In 1912 he began farming on his own 
account and has since given his attention to general agricultural pursuits. He 
took charge of the old home place of one hundred and thirty acres, which he is 
now cultivating, and the neat and thrifty appearance of his place indicates his 
careful supervision and his practical and progressive methods. The farm is 
divided into fields of convenient size by well kept fences, there are substantial 
buildings upon the land and he utilizes the latest improved machinery in carrying 
on the work of the fields. He annually harvests good crops and is winning suc- 
cess as the years go by. 

On the 25th of December, 1906, Mr. Demaris was united in marriage to Miss 
Gertrude Tash, a daughter of Andrew J. Tash, one of the pioneers of Walla 
Walla county, still living on Alill creek. To this marriage were bom two chil- 
dren but both have passed away. 

In his political views Mr. Demaris is a democrat but not an office seeker. He 
belongs to Welcome Lodge, No. 117, I. O. O. R, of Dixie, and to Walla Walla 
Encampment, No. 3, and is also a member of the Uniformed Rank, Canton No. 
I, of Walla Walla. He and his wife hold membership in the Presbyterian 
church and in social circles they occupy an enviable position, many of the best 
homes of their section of the county extending to them warm-hearted hospitality 
and welcome. Their good qualities are many and in matters of friendship they 
are always loyal and true. 



JAMES T. ALLEN, D. M. D. 

Among the able practitioners of dentistry in Washington is Dr. James T. Allen, 
who follows his profession in Dayton, his native city. He was here bom on the 
26th of December, 1877, and is a representative of one of the old pioneer families 
established in this section of the state in 1874. Llis parents were Albert O. and 
Sarah B. (Allen) Allen, the former a native of Tennessee, while the latter was 
born in Oregon. The father was reared in the state of his nativity and in 1872, 
at the age of twenty-three years, he made his way westward, remaining for about 
a year in Texas and then continuing his journey toward the Pacific coast. He 
spent another year in San Francisco and in 1874 arrived in Dayton. Subse- 
quently he took up his abode upon a farm six miles east of the city and in the 
years that followed he acquired four hundred and eighty acres of excellent land 
He continued upon his farm for some time, bringing his fields under a h\frh 
state of cultivation and annually gathering good crops, which brought to him a 
very gratifying income. At length he retired from farm work and took up his 
abode in Dayton, where his remaining days were passed, his death occurring in 
1899. He was quite prominent in public affairs, serving as deputy sheriff under 
Al Weatherford and while in that capacity he assisted in the capture of a notori- 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 315 

ous band o. cattle thieves that had been raiding the country around for some 
time. His death was occasioned by being thrown from a horse and dragged for 
a considerable distance while in the mountains after an outlaw. His widow is 
still living and makes her home with her son James. 

To the public school system of Dayton, James T. Allen is indebted for his 
early educational training. He passed through consecutive grades to his gradu- 
ation from the high school with the class of 1897 and later he became a student 
in Whitman College, where he spent two years. In the fall of 1899 he entered 
the North Pacific Dental College at Portland, Oregon, and there won his D. M. D. 
degree upon graduation with the class of 1902. After completing the course he 
opened dental offices in Waitsburg, where he practiced for two years but in 1904 
returned to his native city, where he has since been in continuous and successful 
practice. He is recognized as one of the skilled dentists of southeastern Wash- 
ington and has been accorded a very liberal patronage. 

In 1906 Dr. Allen was imited in marriage to Miss Zada Estelle Baldwin, of 
Dayton, a daughter of Daniel Baldwin, now deceased, who was one of the pio- 
neers of Columbia county. Dr. and Mrs. Allen have one child, Grace Corinne. 

Fraternally Dr. Allen is connected with Dayton Lodge, No. 26, F. & A. M. ; 
and Dayton Lodge, No. 3, K. P. His political endorsement is given to the dem- 
ocratic party but he does not seek nor desire office. On November 7, 1917, Dr. 
Allen was honored by appointment of Governor Lister to the position of mem- 
ber of the State Board of Dental Examiners, a recognition which justly reflects 
his high professional standing. His life stands in contradistinction to the old 
adage that a prophet is not without honor save in his own country, for in the 
city of his birth Dr. Allen has made for himself a most creditable and enviable 
position in professional circles and enjoys a practice that many an older repre- 
sentative of the profession might well envy. 



FRANK FAURE. 



Frank Faure, proprietor of the McFeely Hotel in Walla Walla, has been a 
resident of this city since 1902 and has made for himself a creditable position 
in its business circles. He was born in France, August 15. 1884, a son of Jean 
and Marie (Grant) Faure. The father was a farmer by occupation and spent 
his entire life in his native country, where he and his wife reared a family of 
three children, Jean and Leon being now soldiers of the French army. Frank 
Faure acquired a common school education in France and afterward attended the 
Superior school of La Mure Isere. After putting aside his textbooks he sought 
the opportunities offered in the new world, crossing the Atlantic in 1902, when 
a young man of eighteen years. Making his way westward to Walla Walla, he 
here became engaged in the hotel business and now owns and conducts the 
McFeely Hotel, located at Fourth and Alder streets. He has made of this a 
popular hostelry, catering to high-class trade, and his business has steadily 
grown because of the comforts which he affords to his guests. 

In 191 1 Mr. Faure was united in marriage to Miss Mary Daffis and they 
have a daughter, Frances. In his political views ^Mr. Faure is a democrat. Fra- 



316 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

ternally he is connected with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks and with 
the Knights of Columbus, his association with the latter organization indicating 
his membership in the Catholic church. For fifteen years he has resided in 
Walla Walla, where he has become widely and favorably known, and he has 
never had occasion to regret his determination to try his fortune in the new 
world, for he here found good business opportunities and in their utilization has 
worked his way steadily upward. 



ALBERT E. CORBETT. 



A well spent life was that of Albert E. Corbett, whose industry and integrity 
in business aftairs won him success and the respect of his fellowmen. He possessed 
many sterling traits of character, so that his death was the occasion of deep and 
widespread regret among those with whom he was associated. He was born in 
the province of Ontario, Canada, December 7, 1855, and was a son of John 
and Jane (Lewis) Corbett. 

Albert E. Corbett was reared at home and under the direction of his father 
learned the miller's trade. In 1889 he left his family in Ontario and came to the 
west, looking for an opening that would give him better opportunities to attain 
success and to establish a home for his wife and children. He first located in 
Columbia county, where he secured a position as night miller in the Touchet 
Flouring Mills, then owned by Henry Richardson. Two months later, however, 
the mill closed down for the winter and Mr. Corbett went to the coast, looking 
for work. Not finding suitable employment in Seattle or Tacoma, he went on 
to \'ictoria, British Columbia, w-here he secured a situation in a sawmill. In 
May of the following year he was there joined by his brother, Judson A. Corbett, 
who also found employment in the same mill. While working there Mr. Corbett 
was writing to friends in Columbia county, Washington, and learned of a chance 
to buy the Touchet Mills. In the fall of 1892 he made his way to Huntsville 
therefore, and in company with his brother, Judson A., bought the mill. They 
had saved about five hundred dollars each from their wages and this amount was 
used as the first payment on the purchase price of the mill. Within the following 
two years they paid ofif the entire indebtedness on the property, which was thus 
free from all encumbrance. In the spring of i8go Mr. Corbett sent for his wife and 
family, who joined him in Victoria, coming to the west with his brother, 
Judson A. 

It was in April, 1885, that Mr. Corbett was united in marriage to IMiss Hannah 
Baker and to them were born four children, three of whom are still living, 
namely: Lewis, who is engaged in the automobile business in Dayton; Gertrude, 
who is a teacher in the schools of Dixie, Washington; and Florence, at home. 
The wife and mother passed away in May, 1895, and in May, 1899, Mr. Corbett 
was united in marriage to Miss Laura Baker, a sister of his former wife. She 
is a graduate of the Normal School of Ottawa, Canada, and is a woman of liberal 
education and of broad culture and refinement. By this marriage there were 
born two children, Helen and Emma, both at home. 

For many years Mr. Corbett continued successfully in the milling business 




CL^Q^r^M. 






Tito 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 319 

and as his financial resources increased he invested in property, becoming the 
owner of a farm in a section of land in Alberta, Canada and also acquired an 
interest in a farm in Ontario. Mrs. Corbett still holds both these places. His 
carefully managed business affairs and his judicious investments enabled him to 
leave his family in very comfortable circumstances. He was a member of the 
Woodmen of the World and also held membership in the Episcopal church, to 
the teachings of which he was most loyal. His wife and children also belong 
to the same church. In that faith Mr. Corbett passed away December lo, 1906, 
his death being the occasion of deep and widespread regret not only to his 
immediate family but also to the many friends whom he had won during the 
period of his residence in the northwest. Mrs. Corbett survives her husband 
and has proven herself a capable business woman, wisely managing the property 
left to her. She is widely and favorably known in this section of the state. 



MRS. MARY C. NICHOLS. 

Mrs. Mary C. Nichols, of Dayton, is widely and favorably known as one of 
the worthy pioneer women of Columbia county, where she owns valuable farm 
property from which she derives a gratifying annual income,. She was born in 
Wisconsin in 1854 and is a daughter of A. C. and OraTA. (Pe'lton) Woodward, 
who were natives of Wisconsin, whence they .crossed the plain's to ■ Washington 
in i860, settling in Old Walla Walla county, near Dayton. They became identi- 
fied with the farming interests of that locality and upon their ranch spent their 
remaining days. In their family were eight children-, four of whom are yet 
living. 

Their daughter, Mary C, was a little maiden of but six years when the trip 
was made to Washington, so that practically her entire life has been passed in 
the northwest. She was but sixteen years of age when in June, 1870, she gave 
her hand in marriage in Isaac Wallace Monnett, a native of Ohio, who came to 
Washington in 1869 and settled on a farm ten miles southeast of Dayton. Mr. 
and Mrs. Monnett became the parents of three children: Oral, who is the wife of 
Grant Lowe; Elizabeth, who has departed this life; and A. A. Monnett, who is 
a hardware and implement merchant of Dayton. The husband and father 
passed away in 1876 and for nine years Mrs. Monnett remained a widow. In 
1885 she became the wife of F. J. Nichols and to them have been bom four 
daughters: Minnie, who is the wife of C. C. Kifer, of California; Grace, who is 
a graduate of the Walla Walla high school and is at home; Mary L., who is the 
wife of J. B. Thompson; and Hazel E., the wife of C. E. McQuary. 

Mrs. Nichols still owns what is known as the old Monnett homestead of five 
hundred and sixty acres, all of which is fine wheat land. It is a valuable property 
from which she derives a gratifying annual income. She also owns an attractive 
residence in the city of Dayton and she is numbered among the worthy pioneer 
women of this section of the state. For fifty-seven years she has lived in Wash- 
ington and has therefore witnessed the greater part of the growth and develop- 
ment of the commonwealth. Events which to others are matters of history are 
to her matters of personal knowledge and she can relate many interesting inci- 



:J2(» old walla walla COUNTY 

dents of the early days when the great stretches of land were unclaimed and un- 
cultivated, when forests were uncut, when rivers were unbridged and when 
the work of progress seemed dim and distant in the future. The most far- 
sighted at that time could not have dreamed of the wonderful changes which 
were to occur and transform southeastern Washington into a well settled and 
populous district in which are to be found all of the advantages and all and 
more of the opportunities of the older east. Mrs. Nichols is a member of the 
Congregational church and her many excellent traits of character have gained 
for her respect and popularity among her many friends. 



l. l. hunt. 



L. L. Hunt is familiar with the methods of Indian warfare in the northwest, 
as he early became connected with the army in this section of the state. Since 
then he has been active in business along various lines and step by step has pro- 
gressed until he is now in possession of a handsome competence that enables him 
to live retired. He makes his home in College Place, Walla Walla county, and 
has important farming interests on section 36, township 7 north, range 35 east. 
His career in many respects has been an eventful one. The width of the continent 
separates him from his birthplace, for he is a native of Maine. He was born on 
the 2d of August, 1855, his parents being George and Mary Ann (Prescott) 
Hunt, both of whom were representatives of old families that sent forth soldiers 
to the Revolutionary war. Both the father and mother spent their entire lives 
in the Pine Tree state. 

L. L. Hunt was reared under the parental roof until he reached the age of 
sixteen years, when he left home and went to Boston, Massachusetts, where for 
four years he was engaged in railroading. The opportunities of the west, how- 
ever, attracted him and he left New England, making his way to Nevada. Loca- 
ting in Carson City, for more than a year he there worked in the timber region, 
and in 1876 he went to San Joaquin county, California, where he engaged in 
driving a team during the following winter. Li 1877 he came to Walla Walla, 
where he worked for the government during the Joseph Indian war, driving a 
team used for transportation of supplies. A year later he became identified with 
Joe Woodworth in the operation of the old Cayuse stables in Walla Walla. He 
was connected with the conduct of this business for about three years and then 
turned his attention to farming on the Eureka Flats, becoming one of the large 
operators on the flats. He homesteaded, preempted and also took up a timber 
claim and he likewise purchased railroad land, owning at one time seven quarter 
sections. He farmed altogether seventeen hundred acres of rented land and he 
remained on the flats for about twelve years. He next removed to Walla Walla 
but after a year took up his abode at College Place, where he engaged in garden- 
ing. Subsequently he organized the L. L. Hunt Fruit & Produce Shipping Com- 
pany and built up the business to extensive proportions, his interests becoming 
one of the chief industries of this section. He managed his affairs wisely and 
well and prosperity resulted. He now has retired from active business life and 
is enjoying a rest which he has truly earned and richly merits. 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 321 

In 1888 Mr. Hunt returned to Boston for his bride and was there married 
on the 2 1 St of October of that year to Miss Olivia Crosby. She was born in 
Nova Scotia and came to the United States at the age of sixteen years, her parents 
continuing in Nova Scotia, where they passed away. Mr. Hunt brought his bride 
to the west and they have since been widely and favorably known in this section 
of the state. They are consistent members of the Presbyterian church, in the 
work of which they take an active and helpful interest, and Mr. Hunt is now 
serving as one of the elders of the church. His political endorsement is given 
to the republican party and while living on the Flats he served for two years as 
postmaster. He also belongs to Trinity Lodge, No. 121, I. O. O. F. Both he 
and his wife hold membership in the Pioneers Association and are honored as 
among the early settlers who have contributed in marked measure to the up- 
building and progress of this section of the country. Mr. Hunt has led a most 
busy, active and useful life. From the time when he became connected with a 
military post on the frontier he has done everything in his power to further the 
interests and development of this section of the country and his business affairs, 
too, have been of a character that have contributed to public progress and im- 
provement as well as to personal success. His memory compasses the period 
when the majority of homes in this section of the state were little cabins, when 
few roads had been laid out, when the forests were uncut and the streams un- 
bridged. He has lived to witness many changes since those days and in the work 
of transformation has borne his full share. 



GEORGE F. PRICE. 



George F. Price is actively identified with farming interests in Columbia 
county, while making his home in Dayton. He is one of the native sons of the 
county, his birth having occurred within its borders January 7, 1874. His 
parents were Alexander and Clarinda J. (Anderson) Price, who are mentioned 
elsewhere in this work. He spent his youthful days under the parental roof and 
mastered the branches of learning taught in the district schools, supplementing 
his early education by a commercial course in the Empire Business College at 
Walla Walla. He also attended the Gem City Business College at Quincy, 
Illinois, and when his studies were completed he became the active assistant of 
his father in farming enterprises. This association was maintained until the 
father's death, after which George F. Price operated the lands that constituted 
the family estate for several years. He is the owner of six hundred and forty 
acres of rich and valuable land and, also cultivating other tracts, is now suc- 
cessfully engaged in farming three thousand acres. This places him among the 
principal agriculturists of the county and in managing his business affairs he 
displays sound judgment, unremitting industry and notable perseverance. His 
record is therefore one crowned with success. 

In 1903 Mr. Price was united in marriage to Miss L. Minerva Guernsey, a 
daughter of Dennis C. Guernsey, who took up his abode among the pioneer 
settlers of Columbia county and now resides in Starbuck. Mr. and Mrs. Prict- 
have two children, Dennis Alexander and Elizabeth Jane. 



322 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

In his fraternal relations Mr. Price is a Knight of Pythias, belonging to 
Dayton Lodge, No. 3. His political endorsement is given to the democratic 
party and he is serving at the present time as a member of the city council and 
also as a member of the Dayton school board. He is much interested in every- 
thing that pertains to the public welfare and cooperates heartily in those measures 
and movements which are a matter of civic virtue and of civic pride. His wife 
is a member of the Congregational church and their influence is always felt on 
the side of reform and improvement. It is as a business man, however, that Mr. 
Price is perhaps best known and aside from controlling mammoth agricultural 
interests he is a director of the Columbia National Bank and a director of the 
Edwards-Hindle Company, which controls the leading mercantile establishment 
of Dayton. The call of opportunity is ever to him a call to action and one to 
which he readily responds. His power has grown through the exercise of effort. 
He has readily adapted himself to changing conditions in the business world 
and as he has progressed step by step he has gained a broader outlook and wider 
opportunities. 



CONRAD HENRY- KASEBERG. 

Conrad Henry Kaseberg, a well known retired wagon maker residing in 
Walla Walla, was bom in Germany, March 10, 1834, a son of Johannes and 
Mary Christina (Rumpf) Kaseberg, also natives of Germany, where they passed 
their entire lives. 

Conrad Henry Kaseberg passed his boyhood and youth in his native coun- 
try and there received his education. In 1857, when a young man, he crossed the 
Atlantic on a sailing vessel which docked at Baltimore, Maryland. From that 
city he removed to St. Louis, Missouri, whence, after a few weeks, he removed 
to Weston, Missouri, where his brother lived, and some three months later he 
went to St. Joseph, Missouri, wher.e he remained from October, 1857, to June, 
1859. The following two years were spent in St. Louis, after which he went 
to California. In 1867 he left the Golden state and returned to St. Louis, 
where he was married and where he continued to live until 1871, his business being 
•icross the river in Venice, Illinois. It was in that year that he came to Walla 
Walla county, Washington, and purchased the home where he still lives in 
the city of Walla Walla. He worked at the wagon maker's trade, which he had 
learned in Germany, having a shop at Second and Alder streets, until 1887, and 
lie then bought seven hundred acres of fine wheat land on Dry creek, eleven 
miles out of Walla Walla, which he operated for a time and which he still 
owns, deriving a gratifying income from its rental. He is a stockholder in the 
Farmers Savings Bank. 

Mr. Kaseberg was married on Christmas day, 1867, to Miss .\ugusta D. 
Timmermeister, also a native of Germany, and they became the parents of one 
child, who, however, died in infancy. Mrs. Kaseberg passed away in February, 
1912, and was laid to rest in the Mountain View cemetery. She was an active 
member of the Lutheran church and her life was that of a devout Christian. 

Mr. Kaseberg also belongs to that church and has never failed to give both 




CONHAK II. KASKIii:H(i 




MRS. CONRAD H. KASEBEKG 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 327 

his moral and financial support to its work. Fraternally he is a member of 
the Odd Fellows lodge of Walla Walla. He is a republican in politics but his 
interest in public affairs is only that of a loyal citizen, though he served one 
year on the city council. He is a self-made man, having come to this country 
empty-handed, but through the opportunities here ofifered and his industry and 
good management he has gained financial independence. He has reached an 
advanced age but is still keen of mind and active of body and is accorded the 
honor due those who have behind them the record of a long and honorable life. 



JOHN A. LANE. 



John A. Lane, concentrating his efforts and attention upon general agricul- 
tural pursuits, cultivating eleven hundred acres of land,. makes his home on sec- 
tion 24, township 8 north, range 36 east, in Walla Walla county. Almost the 
width of the continent separates him from the place of his birth, which was in 
Cameron county, Pennsylvania. He was bom September 28, 1878, a son of 
Joseph and Mary (Berfield) Lane, both of whom were natives of the Keystone 
state. The father was born in Philadelphia, where his youth was spent. His 
father died when the son was a lad in his teens and the burden of the support of 
the family fell upon his shoulders. He bravely met the task and throughout his 
entire life displayed the same spirit of resolution and energy. He continued his 
residence in his native state until 1880, when he came west to Walla Walla county, 
Washington, and took up his abode upon a farm near the present home of his 
son John. He purchased one hundred and sixty acres of land and as his financial 
resources increased kept adding to his holdings until his landed possessions 
aggregated three hundred and forty-six acres. He continued to give his undi- 
vided time and attention to his farming interests until death called him on the 
loth of September, 1905. His widow is still living and now resides with a 
daughter in Walla Walla. 

John A. Lane was educated in the district schools and in the Waitsburg 
Academy, which he attended through the winter months, while the summer 
seasons were devoted to farm work. Upon the completion of his education he 
began farming on his own account, renting a tract of three hundred and twenty 
acres of land in the township where he still resides. He cultivated that place 
for three years and then took up a homestead in what was Yakima county, now 
Benton county. This he improved and cultivated for five years and he still owns 
that place. In 1907, however, he returned to the old homestead farm, which is 
owned conjointly by himself and his mother. He cultivates this place of three 
hundred and forty-six acres and rents adjoining land, operating altogether eleven 
hundred acres. He has thus come to rank with the leading and extensive 
fanners of his section of the state and his business affairs are carefully managed 
and conducted. 

On October 16, 1898, Mr. Lane was united in marriage to Miss Nora P. 
Smith, a daughter of Mrs. Charles Ellis, of Dixie. Her father died during her 
infancy and her mother afterward married again. To Mr. and Mrs. Lane have 



328 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

been bom three children of whom two are living, Dorothy M., who is attending 
the Walla Walla high school, and John A., Jr. 

In his political views Mr. Lane maintains an independent attitude, voting for 
men and measures in preference to party dictation. He is now serving on the 
school board and the cause of education finds in him a stalwart champion. He 
belongs to the Ancient Order of United Workmen and his wife and daughter 
hold memberships in the Christian church. The members of the family are 
highly esteemed in the part of the county where they reside and have a circle 
of friends almost coextensive with their circle of acquaintances. 



JESSE DRUMHELLER. 

Jesse Drumheller, deceased, an honored pioneer of the west of 1S52. was 
(luring the remainder of his life a prominent factor in the advancement of the 
business interests and development of this section of the country. Widely known, 
his life history cannot fail to prove of interest to the many friends who still 
cherish his memory, and it is therefore with pleasure that we present this record 
of his career to our readers. His birth occurred in Tennessee in 1835. There 
the first eight years of his life were passed, after which he accompanied his 
parents on their removal to Missouri, the family home being established near 
Springfield, where he remained until 1 85 1. He then located near Savannah, 
Missouri, where he remained for a year, and in 1852 he heard and heeded the call 
of the west. He started out across the plains with ox teams for Washington 
and located in Cowlitz county, where he turned his attention to the lumber business. 
Soon afterward he removed to California, where for several years he engaged in 
mining, and in 1855 l""^ became a resident of Oregon. There he joined the Oregon 
X'olunteers for service in the Indian war and was sent to Walla Walla. During 
the eleven months in which he was a part of that command he participated in 
several severe engagements with the red men and aided in winning the victory 
which crowned the arms of the white troops. After the cessation of hostilities 
he entered the employ of the United States government and assisted in build- 
ing the government posts at The Dalles, at Walla Walla, at Colville and at Siin- 
coe. His activities thus became an important factor in the development of this 
section of the country. In 1859 he took up his abode on land two miles south 
of Walla Walla and turned his attention to stock raising and general farming, 
a business which he followed until about 1900. In this he prospered and from 
time to time added to his holdings until his landed possessions aggregated nearly 
six thousand acres. He thus carried on farming most extensively and in 1899 
his crop of wheat amounted to about sixty-five thousand bushels. He followed 
the most progressive methods in the development of his land and stood at all 
times as one of the most enterprising and representative farmers of the north- 
west. He also carried on stock raising with success and his diligence and de- 
termination brought him prominently to the front in connection with the line 
of his chosen occupation. 

On the 8th of October, 1863, in Walla Walla, Mr. Drumheller was united 
in marriage to Miss Martha A. Maxson, a pioneer of 1859. They became the 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 329 

parents of five sons: Samuel, of Calgary, Alberta; Oscar; George, a stock- 
raiser of Walla Walla; Thomas J., who is engaged in the hardware business 
with his older brother, Oscar, they being members of the well known firm of 
Drumheller & Company, dealers in hardware, furniture and crockery; and R. M., 
collector of customs at Seattle. 

Jesse Drumheller was a member of the Masonic fraternity, holding member- 
ship in the lodge and in the chapter. His death occurred on December 2, 1907. 
He stood in the front rank among those who have planted civilization in the 
northwest and was particularly active in the growth of Walla Walla county, 
where for many years he made his home, and his labors were of a nature that 
contributed in marked measure to the substantial and moral development and 
upbuilding of this section of the country. He was a progressive business man, 
wide-awake, alert and energetic, and carried forward to successful completion 
whatever he undertook. While his business interests became very extensive and 
important, he always found time to cooperate in plans and measures for the 
public good and was a most loyal and devoted citizen from the time when he 
aided in subduing the Indian uprising, through the period of later development 
and progress up to the time when death called him to the home beyond. 



OLE HANNAS. 



Qle Hannas, who resides on section 31, township 14, range 43, owns ten 
hundred and sixteen acres of Garfield county's valuable wheat and pasture lands 
and enjoys an enviable reputation as a successful and representative agriculturist. 
His present prosperity is entirely attributable to his own efforts, for he came to 
this state empty-handed about three decades ago. His birth occurred in Norway 
on the 9th of September, 1866, his parents being Ole and Anna (Kittelsaa) 
Hannas. The father passed away in that country in 1915, but the mother sur- 
vives and yet makes her home in Norway. 

Ole Hannas received a thorough common school education in his native 
coimtry and there spent his youth. When twenty-one years of age he crossed 
the Atlantic to the new world, desiring to test the truth of the many favorable 
rep)orts which had reached him concerning the opportunities and advantages to 
be enjoyed in America. After residing for one year in Minnesota he came 
west to Washington in the fall of 1888 and spent the succeeding winter and 
spring in Tacoma. In June, 1889, he made his way to Walla Walla and in the 
following October took up his abode in Garfield county. Having no money to 
invest in land, he secured employment as a farm hand. At the end of five years, 
in 1894, having saved his earnings, he began farming for himself on a small scale 
as a renter. Prosperity attended his efiforts and about 1902 he purchased a half 
interest in five hundred and eighty acres of land where he now resides. From 
that time his success has been sure and rapid and today his holdings embrace ten 
hundred and sixteen acres of valuable wheat and pasture land in Garfield 
county, so that he has become one of the most extensive agriculturists and sub- 
stantial citizens of the community. 

On the 5th of April, 1905, Mr. Hannas was united in marriage to Miss Guri 



330 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Tveit, crossing over to Norway for his bride, of which country she is a native. 
They have two children, Orle and John. Mr. Hannas gives his political allegi- 
ance to the republican party and is serving as a member of the school board, the 
cause of education finding in him a stalwart champion. Fraternally he is identi- 
fied with the Woodmen of the World, while in religious faith both he and his 
wife are Lutherans. They have won an extensive circle of warm friends 
throughout the community, being recognized as people of genuine worth whose 
aid and influence are given on the side of right, progress, reform and improve- 
ment. 



JAMES B. WARREN. 



James B. Warren became the owner of a valuable tract of land on section 4, 
township 10 north, range 42 east, Garfield county, and also held title to other land, 
his holdings comprising fourteen hundred acres at the time of his death. He was 
widely known and his demise was the occasion of much sincere grief. He was 
born in Franklin county, Tennessee, January 9, 1853, and was a son of Stewart 
and Louisa (Walker) Warren, both also natives of that state. There the father 
passed away and later the mother removed with her family to Missouri, where 
her death occurred in 1875. All of the six children in the family have likewise 
passed away. 

James B. Warren received a common school education and remained with 
his mother until her death. In 1875 he went to California but only remained 
there for two years, settling in Polk county, Oregon, at the end of that period. 
The following year, however, he became a resident of Dayton, Columbia county, 
Washington, and in 1882 he purchased the farm on which his widow still 
resides. It comprises eight hundred acres and the buildings are located on 
section 4, township 10 north, range 42 east. From the operation of that place 
he derived such a gratifying profit that he was able to add to his holdings 
and became the owner of fourteen hundred acres, all of which is now in the 
possession of his widow. He was likewise a stockholder in the Pomeroy Mer- 
cantile Company at Pomeroy. He was a keen business man and, adding to 
this industry, sound judgment and a ready recognition of opportunities, it was 
but natural that he should gain a signal measure of success. 

Mr. Warren was married in 1882 to Miss Marietta McCanse, who was 
born in Missouri, a daughter of Andrew G. and Margaret E. (Williams) 
McCanse, both natives of Tennessee, who, however, became early settlers of 
Lawrence county, Missouri. In 1876 the McCanse family removed to Oregon, 
but a year later located four and a half miles northeast of Pomeroy, Washington. 
Subsequently the parents returned to Missouri, where Mrs. McCanse died in 
1907, her husband passing away September 8, 1909. Only three of their six chil- 
dren survive. 

Mr. Warren was called to his final rest April 17, 1913, and his body was 
interred in the Chappele cemetery. He was a member of the Knights of Pythias 
and its teachings concerning the brotherhood of man found exemplification in 
his daily life. He took the interest of a good citizen in public affairs, although 





^ 




jy.f. NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 

VSTOR. ' FN'-"^ 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 333 

not an office seeker, and his ballot was cast in support of the republican party. 
He was for a third of a century a resident of Garfield county and during that 
time had a part in bringing about its development. His acquaintance was unusu- 
ally wide and his friends were many. Mrs. Warren has retained her residence 
on the homestead and gives her personal supervision to its operation. The 
land is fertile, the improvements are modern, and she derives a handsome 
income from the place. 



REV. A. R. OLDS. 



Rev. A. R. Olds is superintendent of the Walla Walla County Poor Farm, 
situated on section 36, township 7 north, range 35 east in that county. He 
devoted many years of his life to the work of the ministry and then ill health 
obliged him to discontinue his labors in that connection. He is now making a 
most excellent record not only as superintendent of the Poor Farm in his care 
of the indigent ones but also in the management of crop production. He was 
called to this position in 1914 and has been most efficient in the discharge of all 
of the tasks that devolve upon him in this connection. 

A native of Pennsylvania, his birth occurred in Bradford on the 30th of 
July, 1854, his parents being Robert D. and Hannah (Corlajigs)' Olds, both of 
whom were natives of the state of New York, where, they were. .reared and 
married. Soon afterward they removed to Bradford, Pennsylvania, iivhere the 
father engaged in the shoe business until 1858, when he' refnoyed tO; Roanoke, 
Indiana, where he again conducted business as aboot-a«d'S-bG€— merchant for 
twenty-eight years. The mother died in Roanoke and the father afterward came 
to the west, making his home with his son, Rev. A. R. Olds of this review, at 
Philomath, Oregon. 

A. R. Olds pursued a public school education, supplemented by study in the 
Roanoke Seminary. He was thirteen years of age when he entered upon an 
apprenticeship to the shoemaking business, for his father conducted a custom 
made shoe business in connection with handling the factory product. After com- 
pleting his apprenticeship A. R. Olds worked at the trade until 1882, when he 
made his way westward to Oregon, settling in Philomath. A year later he 
entered the ministry of the United Brethren church and for four years was 
minister at the college in Philomath. A little later he became connected with 
the Congregational church as a minister and for almost thirty years devoted his 
time and energies to the work, filling the pulpit in various churches. After his 
retirement from a regular charge he continued to do county missionary work 
until about a year ago. In September, 1896, he arrived in Walla Walla to take 
charge of the county missionary work but failing health caused him to give only 
a part of his time to the work in later years. Earnest and zealous in his efforts 
to upbuild the church, his labors wrought good results. He was not denied the 
harvest nor the full aftermath of his efforts. His high purpose, his ready 
sympathy, his words of wisdom all combined to act as an influencing factor 
drawing men to a better life. 

In 1914 Rev. Olds was appointed superintendent of the County Poor Farm 



334 OLD WALLA \\'ALLA COUNTY 

of Walla Walla county, in which capacity he has since served, and he has proven 
himself a master farmer, his crops at the present writing being among the finest 
in this section of the stat«. He also displays good business ability in the con- 
duct and management of the Poor Farm and his official service in this connec- 
tion is characteristic of traits which he has ever displayed, for it has always 
been his custom to carry forward to successful completion whatever he under- 
takes. He never falters in the face of difficulties nor obstacles and his labors 
have brought good results, both in promoting material and moral progress. 

In 1876 Rev. Olds was united in marriage to Aliss Etta Fast, of Roanoke, 
Indiana, by whom he has three children, namely: Earl L., who is a resident of 
Bend, Oregon; Francis R., living at Klamath Falls; and Ruth, the wife of H. W. 
Bathany, of Walla Walla. 

Rev. Olds gives his political allegiance to the republican party, which he has 
long supported. He is prominent in Masonic circles, belonging to Walla Walla 
Lodge. No. 7, A. F. & A. M. ; Walla Walla Chapter, No. i, R. A. M.; and 
Oriental Consistory, No. 2, A. & A. S. R., of Spokane. He is likewise a member 
of Trinity Lodge, No. 121, I. O. O. F., and Walla Walla Encampment, No. 3, 
I. O. O. F., and in June, 1917, a high honor was conferred upon him, for in 
that month he was made grand chaplain of the grand lodge of Washington. He 
also belongs to the Woodmen of the World. He is one of Walla Walla county's 
most esteemed and representative citizens and enjoys the respect, goodwill and 
trust of all with whom he has come in contact. Ever ready to extend a helping 
hand where aid is needed, his character and work have been such as have shed 
around him much of life's sunshine. 



ARTHUR P. BLOOMFIELD. 

.\rthur P. Bloomfield, who is living retired in Columbia county after many 
years of successful farming, was born in New Jersey, February 6, 1840, a son 
of Jonathan and Theodosia (Foster) Bloomfield, the former born in England 
and the latter in New Jersey, in which state they were married. The father 
passed away in New Jersey and subsequently the mother became a resident of 
California, where her demise occurred. To them were born three children, of 
whom only our subject survives. 

Arthur P. Bloomfield was reared in his native state and enjoyed the educa- 
tional advantages afforded by the common schools. In 1861, when he had attained 
his majority, he went to California, where for about twenty years he devoted 
his time to farming and gardening, but in 1880 he came to Old Walla Walla 
county, Washington, taking up as a homestead the farm on which he still lives. 
Here he met with success and was able to increase his holdings until he now 
owns one thousand and ten acres of wheat and pasture land, all within what 
is now Columbia county. At length, feeling that he had earned a rest, he retired 
and now leaves to others the active work of the fields. He also owns a half 
interest in the Palace Hotel at Pullman, from which he receives a rental of two 
hundred and fifty dollars per month. 

Mr. Bloomfield was married in 1874, to Miss Anna Lang, and they became 



a 

> 



a 



c3 
33 



M 

r 
o 
o 







OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 337 

the parents of seven children: Lulu, the wife of Bert Kimball; Ida. who resides 
in Walla Walla ; Hattie, deceased ; Frank, who is farming the homestead ; and 
three who have passed away. The wife and mother died Saturday, October 6, 
1917, and was laid to rest in Walla Walla cemetery. 

Mr. Bloomfield is a stanch supporter of the republican party and has served 
with credit as a member of the school board and as road supervisor. His career 
illustrates what may be accomplished in this land of opportunity by persistent 
hard work and good management, for he began his career empty handed and 
is now financially independent. 



MARTIN HANSEN. 

Martin Hansen is a self-made man who has gained a creditable position 
among the representative and prosperous farmers of Walla Walla county. He 
arrived in this section of the state empty-handed but he saw the opportunities 
here offered and has utilized them to good advantage. He is now the owner of a 
valuable farm property situated on section 33, township 7 north, range 35 east. 
He was born in Denmark on the 12th of January, 1876, and is a son of Lars 
and Mary Hansen, who came to the United States when he was a lad of twelve 
years. The family home was established in Nebraska, four sons of the family 
having preceded the parents to the new world. There the father and mother 
located and both passed away in that state, the death of the father occurring in 
1915, while his wife died in 1914. 

In the common schools of Denmark, Mr. Hansen pursued his education, sup- 
plemented by a winter term's study in Nebraska and by two winter terms in 
Walla Walla county. He also took two six-weeks winter courses at the State 
College of Washington. He made good use of his time and opportunities in 
promoting his intellectual development and he has always continued a student 
of men and events. In other words he has learned much in life through observa- 
tion and experience and has become a substantial and well informed busines.s 
man. 

It was in 1887 that Martin Hansen crossed the broad Atlantic to the United 
States and about three years later he made his way to Walla Walla county, Wash- 
ington, where he was employed for wages for five years. He saved carefully, 
and systematically until his industry and economy had brought him sufficient cap- 
ital to enable him, in 1895, to engage in farming on his own account. He then 
rented land and again he practiced economy and industry until in 1897 he had 
a capital sufficient to enable him to purchase his present home farm of one hun- 
dred and fifty-nine acres. LTpon that place he has since resided and has made 
many valuable improvements thereon, among others drilling in 1912 two artesian 
wells which flow one thousand gallons of water per minute, greatly enhancing 
the value of the farm. Its splendid appearance is indicative of the care and 
labor which he has bestowed upon it. He arrived in Walla Walla without capi- 
tal and today he is one of the substantial farmers of this section of the state, 
and what means more, the result achieved is due to his industry, his perseverance 



338 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

and his determination alone. He has never been afraid of hard work and he 
early recognized the eternal principle that industry wins. 

Mr. Hansen is a republican in his political views, having supported the party 
since becoming a naturalized American citizen. He has served for a number of 
years on the school board and is one of the influential men of his community, his 
opinions carrying weight regarding public affairs. His life record should serve to 
inspire and encourage others, showing what may be accomplished when energy 
points out the way. 



JAMES H. SCHNECKLOTH. 

James H. Schneckloth, the well known and popular postmaster of Pomeroy, 
was born on the 25th of October, 1868, in Scott county, Iowa, a son of Henry 
and Margaretha (Kuhl) Schneckloth, who were natives of Germany and on 
coming to America in early life settled in Scott county, Iowa, where the father 
engaged in farming for some years. In 1881 he brought his family to Wash- 
ington and located on a farm near Pomeroy, where he still resides. His wife 
died in 1914. To them were born eight children and seven of them survive. 

James H. Schneckloth began his education in the public schools of his 
native county, where the first thirteen years of his life were passed in much the 
usual manner of farmer boys in the middle west. He then accompanied his 
parents on their removal to Washington and here grew to manhood. On start- 
ing out in life for himself he engaged in the stock business and is still interested 
in that enterprise. As time passed he prospered in his undertakings and is today 
the owner of a fine stock ranch of one thousand acres. 

In 1912 Mr. Schneckloth was united in marriage to Miss Rose Dougherty, 
and to them has been born a daughter, Janet j\I. They are members of the 
Episcopal church, and Mr. Schneckloth is also identified with the Knights of 
Pythias and the Foresters. By his ballot he supports the men and measures 
of the democratic party and he has taken a very active and influential part in 
public affairs. In 1904 he was elected county treasurer and acceptably filled that 
office until 1913. In February of the following year he was appointed post- 
master of Pomeroy and is now serving in that capacity with credit to himself 
and to the entire satisfaction of all concerned. He is a self-made man, whose 
success in life is due to his own unaided efforts, and he is regarded as one of 
the leadinsf citizens of the town. 



JOSEPH WEIMER. 



Joseph Weimer is a resident farmer of Garfield county, his home being on 
section 20, township 12 north, range 41 east. Ever loyal to his adopted country, 
he has made himself a creditable position as a leading agriculturist of Garfield 
county and as a citizen of genuine worth. He was born in Germany, June 3, 
1 86 1, and is a .son of Casper and Lizzie (Braun) Weimer, who came to the 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 339 

United States in 1886. After arriving on the shores of the new world they 
made their way direct to the west with Washington as their destination and 
estabHshed their home in Garfield county, where the father filed on a home- 
stead claim five miles northwest of Pomeroy. With characteristic energy he 
began the development and improvement of that property and devoted his atten- 
tion to its further cultivation until the time of his death. 

Joseph Weimer, whose name introduces this review, acquired his education 
in the common schools of his native country and in 1884 he set sail for the 
United States, landing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Crossing the continent 
without tarrying for any length of time in the east, he at length reached the 
Pacific coast and spent six months in California. He then came northward into 
Washington and made his final settlement. He took up a homestead in Gar- 
field county on which he resided for seven years, at the end of which time he 
bought land and removed to his present home farm on section 20, township 
12 north, range 41 east. Upon that place he has since resided. He is one of the 
self-made men of this state. He came to the northwest in very limited financial 
circumstances and today he owns three hundred and twenty acres of valuable 
wheat land in Garfield county. His place js improved with substantial build- 
ings, with well kept fences and good farm machinery and everything about his 
place indicates his careful supervision and his practical and progressive methods. 
The fields give promise of abtmdant harvests in the autumn and the work of 
the farm has been carried on in a most modern and eflfective way. 

In 1891 Mr. Weimer was united in marriage to Miss Matilda Andress, a 
native of Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, and they have become the parents of 
four children: Edward Joseph, Frank Henry, Fred and Tillie, all of whom are 
still under the parental roof. Mr. Weimer and his family are communicants 
of the Catholic church. 

In his adopted land Mr. Weimer has found the opportunities which he 
sought and in their utilization has won a substantial measure of success. He 
has worked diligently and persistently along lines that have led to gratifying 
results and is now one of the enterprising farmers of Garfield county. 



JOHN H. HARER. 



John H. Harer is a resident farmer of Walla Walla county, owning and 
cultivating one hundred and thirty acres of land on section 4, township 6 
north, range 35 east. He vras born in Lane county, Oregon, on the 25th of 
February, 1859, his parents being David and Sarah (Standifer) Harer. The 
father was a native of Arkansas, while the mother was born in Tennessee. 
They were married in the former state and there resided until 1852, when they 
determined to try their fortune upon the Pacific coast and removed to Oregon. 
They settled in Lane county and in 1865 left that locality to become residents of 
Walla Walla county, Washington, the father having previously made several 
trips into this part of the country prior to the removal. He secured a home- 
stead claim at Webfoot and later he bought and removed to the farm where 
Valley Chapel is now located. He kept adding to his original purchase from 



340 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

lime to time as his financial resources increased until he was the owner of more 
than a section of land. Upon that property he died, passing away June 14, 1883. 
His widow long survived him and departed this life in 1907. During her last 
nine years she made her home with her son John. 

John H. Harer is numbered among the honored pioneer settlers of the north- 
west, having resided in this section of the country for almost six decades. He 
acquired a district school education and also attended the public schools of 
Walla Walla. On reaching manhood he became engaged in the cattle business, 
with which he was identified for several years, and in 1889 he purchased from 
the other heirs their interest in the Harer estate and thus came into possession 
of his present home farm, upon which he has since carried on general agricul- 
tural pursuits. The farm originally comprised one hundred and sixty acres of 
rich and productive land, but he has recently sold thirty acres of the tract. He 
has brought his fields under a high state of cultivation and everything about his 
place indicates his careful supervision, progressive methods and indefatigable 
energy. 

In 1882 Mr. Harer was united in marriage to Miss Eva Waterman, a native 
of Walla Walla county. Her father was Samuel Waterman, who crossed the 
plains from Iowa to California iii i860 and in the spring of 1861 arrived in 
Walla Walla county, taking up his abode in the vicinity of Valley Chapel. He 
was thus closely identified with the early development and progress of this 
section of the state until his death, which occurred in January, 187S. His widow 
survives and is now living with a daughter in Spokane, Washington. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Harer have been born three children, two of whom survive, namely : 
Inez, who is the wife of E. S. Gibson, of North Yakima, Washington; and 
Bertha, the wife of R. L. Ridley, who operates the farm of his father-in-law. 
Mrs. Harer is a member of the Christian church and is a lady of many admirable 
cliaracteristics. 

Mr. Harer gives his political allegiance to the democratic party. He has 
never sought or desired political office but for several years he served as school 
director and proved a stalwart champion of the cause of education. Both he 
and his wife are actuated by a spirit of progress and enterprise in all that they 
undertake and their interest centers deeply in those affairs which promise to 
upbuild and develop further the section of the country in which they live. 



WILLIAM F. CLUSTER. 

William F. Ouster, deceased, was one of the honored and highly esteemed 
citizens of Pomeroy. His birth occurred in Indiana on the 8th of February, 183 1, 
;ind his parents were Daniel and Margaret (Tumlin) Cluster, natives of Ken- 
tucky and Ohio respectively. About 1861 they removed to Missouri, where both 
died. In their family were eleven children, all of whom have passed away with 
the exception of one sister, residing in Missouri. 

In the state of his nativity William F. Cluster was reared and educated and 
on leaving the parental roof at the age of twenty-three years went to Missouri. 
He crossed the plains to Oregon in 1862 and spent the remainder of his life on 




"WlLLlAl-yr F. CLUSTER, 



*- ' ^ 0.> TIi..>,., 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 343 

the Pacific coast. In 1868 he married Mrs. Mary E. French, a native of Ohio, 
who only a short time previously had come to the northwest and had located in 
Oregon, where they continued to make their home until 1871. It was in that 
year that Mr. and Mrs. Cluster removed to old Walla Walla county, Washington, 
and took up a claim seven miles from Pomeroy, on which they huilt a log cabin, 
this being the family home for four years. They remained on the farm until 
1882, when they took up their abode in Pomeroy and here Mrs. Cluster still lives. 
She continues in possession of the old homestead, which comprises two hundred 
acres of finely improved land, and owns a forty-acre tract which adjoins the city 
of Pomeroy. She has six residences in this city and derives a substantial income 
from all these properties. 

The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Cluster are as follows : Viola E., the wife 
of C. E. Gray; Florence M., the wife of E. M. Pomeroy; Carrie E., deceased; 
and E. C, a resident of Pomeroy. 

After a useful and well spent life, Mr. Cluster passed away on the 14th of 
June, 191 5, leaving his immediate family as well as many friends to mourn his 
death. His remains were interred in the Pomeroy cemetery. Mrs. Cluster takes 
an active part in the work of the Presbyterian church, to which she belongs and 
is a most estimable lady who has a wide circle of friends and acquaintances in 
the city and throughout the surrounding countrjTj^^ .,,... .w >'-'—'.. 



nci-r 



v>. x^-:^- 



w. H. cJlLLfS?" " r:,?;!^.;; 

The family of W. H. Gillis, residing in Dayton, pays fitting tribute to his 
memory in preserving the record of his life in this history of southeastern Wash- 
ington. He was born in Montgomery county. North Carolina, and was reared 
and educated in his native state. In 1867 he was united in marriage to Miss 
Lucy A. Crump, of Stanly county, North Carolina, a daughter of Stephen and 
Eliza (Kendall) Crump, both of whom were natives of the Old North state, 
where they lived and died. They were the parents of five children, all of whom 
survive. Mrs. Gillis was reared and educated in North Carolina, pursuing her 
studies in the common schools and afterward in the Greenville and Doranport col- 
leges of that state. To Mr. and Mrs. Gillis were born three children : Lillian, who 
has departed this life; John A.; and Minnie, who is the wife of J. F. Hall. The 
death of Mr. Gillis occurred March 2, 1906. He had been a soldier of the Civil war, 
serving for four years, and was brave and loyal to the cause which he espoused. 
He never faltered in the performance of any duty that devolved upon him and 
made an excellent record as a soldier. To his family he was a devoted hus- 
band and father and found his greatest happiness in promoting the welfare of his 
wife and children. In business affairs he was progressive and reliable and his 
sterling worth was acknowledged in many relations. 

On the i6th of June, 1907, Mrs. Gillis became the wife of A. H. Richardson, 
who died five years later. Mrs. Richardson is the owner of a valuable farm 
property of five hundred and twenty acres pleasantly and conveniently situated 
about five miles east of Dayton. Upon this place many modern improvements 
have been made. The buildings are substantial and commodious, the fences are 



344 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

well kept and everything about the place indicates the progressive spirit of the 
owner. Mrs. Richardson rents her farm and therefrom derives a gratifying 
annual income. She also owns one of the finest residences of Dayton and is 
most comfortably situated in life. She is a member of the Christian church and 
takes an active interest in promoting the church work. Her social position is 
indicated by the fact that the hospitality of the best homes of Dayton is freely 
accorded her. 



WILLIAM GAYLORD COLEMAN. 

William Gaylord Coleman, a well known member of the Walla Walla bar, 
was born October 7, 1884, in the city where he still resides. His father, Dan J. 
Coleman, a native of Bowling Green, Kentucky, became a pioneer farmer of the 
Eureka Flat district and spent his last days in Walla Walla. The mother, who 
bore the maiden name of Mattie C. Roberts, was a daughter of E. G. Roberts 
and was born in an emigrant wagon somewhere along the Platte river while the 
family were crossing the plains. Her first marriage was with J. W. Cookerly 
and she later wedded Dan J. Coleman. The family ever has been closely associ- 
ated with the pioneer development of Washington. 

Reared in his native city, William Gaylord Coleman, after mastering the 
preliminary branches of learning, decided upon the practice of law as a life work 
and with that end in view entered the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor and 
was there graduated in June, 1909, "with honors" and with the LL. B. degree. 
He returned to the northwest, opening an office in Walla Walla, and has since 
engaged in practice here. In a profession where advancement depends entirely 
upon individual merit and abihty he has made steady progress and public opinion 
names him as one of the able lawyers of the Walla Walla bar. 

On the 5th of September, 191 1, in Walla Walla, Mr. Coleman was married 
to Miss Margaret S. Steel, a daughter of T. S. and Annie J. Steel. They hold 
membership in the Presbyterian church and Mr. Coleman is a past grand of the 
Odd Fellows lodge. A lifelong resident of Walla Walla, he has a wide acquaint- 
ance and his sterling worth as a man, as a lawyer and a citizen is indicated by 
the high regard entertained for him by his fellow citizens. 



JOHN MARTIN. 



John Martin, living retired in Walla Walla after many years devoted to 
agricultural pursuits, was born in Ireland, January i, 1842. a son of John and 
Ann Martin, who spent their entire lives on the Emerald isle. The educational 
opportunities accorded John Martin were those common to the boys of his time, 
he attending the national schools, and he remained in Ireland until he was 
twenty-five years old, when, in 1867, he emigrated to the United States. He 
first resided in New York state, where he secured employment in a brickyard 
at Haverstraw, and subsequently went to Baltimore, Maryland, but finding it 



O 

X 



> 

O 

I— I 




OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 347 

too hot to suit him there, he went to Chicago, where he was employed by the 
Armour Packing Company, during the winters for several years, but in summer 
followed his work of brick burning and helped to manufacture the brick used 
in the construction of the United States customs house in Chicago. After remain- 
ing in the metropolis of the middle west for eight years he came to Walla Walla, 
Washington, in 1882 and settled on a farm on Dry creek. He operated that 
place until 1905, when he retired and removed to Walla Walla, where he pur- 
chased land and built his home on Grove street, where he has since lived. He 
is still prominently connected with agricultural affairs, however, as he owns 
fourteen hundred acres of fine wheat land, all of which is well improved. He 
gives his personal supervision to the management of his farm although he leaves 
the actual work of its operation to others. All that he has he has made since 
coming to Walla Walla county and it is but natural that he should be enthusiastic 
concerning conditions here. 

In 1875, in Chicago, Mr. Martin was united in marriage to Miss Sarah Mc- 
Avaney, a native of Illinois, and they have become the parents of fourteen chil- 
dren, of whom two are deceased, the others being: James, who is now chief of 
police of Walla Walla; John P., who is farming in Spring valley; Mary, the 
wife of Joe Martin, who although of the same name is not a relative ; Elizabeth, 
the wife of Albert Schiller; Margaret, the wife of Roy Davies ; and Katherine, 
Agnes, Grace, Theresa, George, Lillian and William, all at home. 

Mr. Martin supports the republican party and has served acceptably as mem- 
ber of the school board. He is a communicant of the Catholic church, and his 
life has been guided by high moral standards. His residence is attractive and 
up-to-date and he is enjoying all the comforts of life as the result of his well 
directed labors and wise investments. Mr. Martin is strong and vigorous for 
his years but to enjoy the balmy air of the south he spends his winters in Los 
Angeles, California. 



C. F. ACTOR. 



C. F. Actor, a grain dealer and warehouse man of Starbuck, was born in 
Dixie, Washington, on the 27th of October, 1868, a son of H. C. Actor, one ol 
the veterans of the early Indian wars and one of the well known men of the 
pioneer period of Walla Walla county. He died August 30, 1917, near Dixie 
and extended mention of him appears elsewhere in this work. 

C. F. Actor was reared under the parental roof and acquired his education 
in the public schools of Dixie. He also attended the Empire Business College 
of Walla Walla and thus became well qualified for life's practical and respon- 
sible duties. In early manhood he worked for a time in Colfax and was vari- 
ously employed, after which he returned to Walla Walla county and for some 
time was engaged in farming. In 1902 he removed to Starbuck and entered 
the grain trade, managing the Alto warehouse for the Alto Warehouse Com- 
pany for a year. On the expiration of that period he became the representa- 
tive of the Balfour-Guthrie Company, with which he continued for four years 
as grain buyer. In 1907 he engaged in the grain business on his own account 



348 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

and since that time has operated independently and successfully, heing today 
one of the well known grain merchants of Columbia county, controlling a busi- 
ness of large volume that brings to him a good financial return. 

In 1900 'Sir. Actor was married to Miss Lucy May Buroker, a daughter of 
Martin B. Buroker, of Waitsburg, and they have become the parents of five 
children, four sons and a daughter, namely: Charles M., Alfred A., Grace, 
Lester K. and Fred F. 

In his political views Mr. Actor has ever been an earnest republican since 
attaining adult age. In January, 1917, he was appointed to fill a vacancy on 
the board of county commissioners and is now serving in that capacity, in which 
connection he is making an excellent record, carefully safe-guarding the inter- 
ests of the county, yet never blocking public progress by useless retrenchment. 
He belongs to Tucannon Lodge, No. 106, F. & A. M., of Starbuck. and also to 
Starbuck Lodge, No. 158, I. O. O. F. In 191 6 he was representative to the 
grand lodge of Odd Fellows. He is also identified with Dayton Lodge, No. 3, 
K. P. In banking circles he is known as a director of the Bank of Starbuck 
and he ranks with the leading and representative business men and citizens of 
the town, his aid and influence being always given on the side of progress and 
improvement. He at all times displays a public-spirited devotion to the general 
good and has wisely conducted his private business affairs, which have brought 
to him substantial and merited success. 



M. W. SWEGLE. 



A successful career has been that of M. W. Swegle, who now follows farm- 
ing on section 32, township 7 north, range 35 east, in Walla Walla county. He 
has lived in this county since 1888 and is concentrating his efforts and** atten- 
tion upon the development and improvement of a farm of five hundred and 
fourteen acres. This is a memorable locality in the history of the state for it 
is the site of the Whitman massacre — the identical spot on which the atrocities 
committed by the red men culminated in the murder of the noble Reverend 
Whitman and his family, those venerable pioneers, who were doing such in- 
estimable work in claiming this region for the purposes of Christian civiliza- 
tion, laying the cornerstone of the fotindation for the moral and materially 
visible development of the entire region. 

Mr. Swegle is a western man by birth, training and preference and exem- 
plifies in his life the spirit of enterprise and progress which has been the domi- 
nant factor in the tipbtiilding of the west, leading to its wonderful develop- 
ment. He was bom in Salem, Oregon, June 28, 1861, a son of Charles and 
Lucinda (Robinson) Swegle. The father was a native of New Jersey, while 
the mother's birth occurred in Ohio. They were married in Illinois, to which 
state they had rem.oved with their respective parents, and in 1848 they crossed 
the plains with ox teams to Oregon, settling first in Clackamas county, although 
soon afterward they removed to Marion county, taking up their abode near 
Salem. There the father resided until 1880, when he came with his family to 
Walla Walla county, Washington, and purchased nine hundred acres of land, 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 349 

a part of which is inckided within the boundaries of the present home place of 
M. W. Swegle. In the residence where his son now resides the father passed 
away on the 7th of May, 1888, and in his death the community mourned the 
loss of an honored pioneer settler and most respected citizen — one who in every 
relation of life commanded the goodwill and confidence of those with whom 
he came in contact. His widow survived him for several years and passed 
away in November, 1895. 

M. W. Swegle was reared upon the old home farm and acquired a com- 
mon school education. From the time he attained his majority he began farm- 
ing on his own account and in 1888 he established his home in Walla Walla 
county. Soon afterward he purchased a section of land, some of which he has 
since sold, while a portion thereof he deeded to his wife. The present farm, 
held conjointly by Mr. Swegle and his wife's heirs, comprises five hundred and 
fourteen acres. This land he has brought to a very high state of cultivation, 
carrying on farm work along the most progressive lines. He is at all times 
practical in what he undertakes and the results are therefore substantial and 
most desirable. He has placed good improvements upon his farm and its neat 
and attractive appearance indicates his intelligently directed activity. 

On the 2d of July, 1890, Mr. Swegle was united in marriage to Miss Libby 
Brooks, also a native of Oregon, although at the time of her marriage she was 
living in Walla Walla county. She was a daughter of John Brooks, who came 
to this county from that of Yamhill in Oregon. He is still living and at the 
present time is a resident of Portland, Oregon, the beautiful city of roses. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Swegle were born eight children, seven of whom survive, namely : 
Floyd and Jesse, who are operating the home farm ; May ; Alice ; Frank ; Flor- 
ence ; and Irene. All the children are yet at home. The wife and mother passed 
away February 19, 1916, her death being the occasion of deep and widespread 
regret among her many friends. All who knew her sympathized and grieved 
with the family, to whose welfare and interest she was always most devoted. 

Mr. Swegle votes with the democratic party. He has never been an aspirant 
for office, preferring to give his time to and concentrate his energies upon his 
own affairs, upon the interests of his home, upon his business and upon those 
things which help to further the welfare of the community. For thirty years 
he has been a resident of Walla Walla county and has witnessed many favor- 
able changes during this period, having by his own labors in no small measure 
contributed to agricultural development. 



S. V. DAVIN. 



One of the energetic and progressive business men of Walla Walla is S. V. 
Davin, president and manager of the Washington Weeder Works. He is a 
native of France, born September 20, 1861, and is a son of Joseph E. and 
Nomie (Escalle) Davin, who came with their family to America in 1873 and 
located in California, where the parents continued to make their home until 
death. Of their thirteen children only two are living, these being Joseph and 
S. v., of this review. 



350 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

S. V. Davin was twelve years of age on the emigration of the family to the 
United States and in the schools of California he completed his education, 
which was begun in his native land. He remained in the Golden state until 
1888, when he came to Walla Walla and spent three years on a ranch in this 
locality. During the following ten years he engaged in business in the city and 
was also interested in farming and stock raising, owning sixty-three hundred 
acres of land in Franklin county, Washington, stocked with sheep, and is presi- 
dent of the Davin-Mitchell sheep and cattle ranch, the company owning one 
thousand acres of land. Mr. Davin also owns one hundred and ninety-four 
acres of land west of the garrison, which is worth eight hundred dollars per 
acre and has two hundred and twenty-five acres at Lowden, Walla Walla 
county, upon which he keeps both cattle and sheep and has twenty-five cows 
for dairy purposes. Since 1910, however, Mr. Davin has given his attention 
largely to the business of the Washington Weeder Works, which is in a flour- 
ishing condition, manufacturing a double-disc weeder, which was awarded the 
gold medal at the Lewis & Clark Exposition as the best weed killer and culti- 
vator exhibited. Besides the property already mentioned Mr. Davin owns a 
business building, also the Ritz Hotel and three residences in Walla Walla. 

In 1893 he was united in marriage to Miss Ardella Haight, who died in 
1901, leaving no children, and in 1903 he again married. To this union were 
bom two sons, Jackson Joseph and Virgil Edward Marion. The family attend 
the Methodist Episcopal church and Mr. Davin is an active member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Eagles, the Moose and the Red Men. 
In politics he is a republican but has never cared for office. He gives his un- 
divided attention to his extensive business interests, is prompt, energetic and 
progressive and carries to successful completion what he sets out to accomplish. 



HON. JOHN F. ROCKHILL. 

Hon. John F. Rockhill owns and operates a farm of five hundred acres of 
land in Columbia county, upon which he has resided for almost a quarter of a 
century, having taken up his abode upon that place in 1893. He was bom in 
Marshall county, Iowa, April 29, 1855, a son of Anthony and Rosetta (Robbins) 
Rockhill, ihe former a native of Ohio, while the latter was born in the state 
of New York. They lived for some time in Iowa, but at length determined to 
try their fortunes upon the Pacific coast and in 1864 crossed the plains, estab- 
lishing their home in Grande Ronde valley, Oregon. In 1865, however, they 
removed to the vicinity of Portland and in 1868 they came to Washington, settling 
in Walla Walla county, where the father rented a farm for two years. In 1870 he 
removed to a farm near Dayton and upon that place continued to reside until his 
demise. His widow also spent her last days upon that farm. They had a 
family of nine children, of whom six are yet living. 

Hon. John F. Rockhill of this family was a little lad of nine years when he 
left his native state in company with his parents and came to the northwest. From 
the age of thirteen years he has lived in Washington and in the public schools 
of this section of the state he completed his education. He afterward took up 




HON. .JOHN F. KOCKlin.l. 




MRS. JOHN F. ROCKHILL 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 355 

land and engaged in farming, bringing to his duties broad practical experience 
which had come to him through assisting his father in the development and culti- 
vation of the old home property. In 1885 John F. Rockhill removed to Whitman 
county, where he resided for eight years, but in 1893 he returned to Columbia 
county and purchased his present farm, upon which he is now living. He owns 
five hundred acres of excellent wheat land and in connection with the production 
of that cereal he is also successfully engaged in raising stock. In a word, his busi- 
ness affairs are capably managed and whatever he undertakes he carries forward 
to successful completion. He is likewise a stockholder in the warehouse at 
Turner and at Dayton and is regarded as a prominent figoire in the business circles 
of his section of the state. 

In 1877 Mr. Rockhill was united in marriage to Miss Mabel L. Taylor, a native 
of Iowa, and to them have been born eight children: Don M. a resident of 
Columbia county; Daisy, now the wife of C. I. Fleming, of Oregon; Hazel, de- 
ceased; Luella, who is a graduate of a normal school and is now engaged in teach- 
ing ; Nora, who has departed this life ; Cora, who was graduated from the high 
school and is now the wife of Edgar Hilbert, of Columbia county; John, who is 
engaged in farming with his father; and Mabel L., who is also a graduate of the 
high school and is the wife of Glenn Cecil. 

Mrs. Rockhill is a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal church 
and is a lady of many excellent qualities. Mr. Rockhill belongs to Dayton Lodge, 
No. 136, 1. O. O. F. His political allegiance is given to the repubhcan party 
and in 191 5 he was called upon to represent his district in the state legislature, of 
which he proved an able member, carefully considering-tte'Vi'tal and significant 
problems which came up for settlement and throwing tire. weight, of his influence 
where he felt that the public good could best be.'cotis'felVed Or promoted. For sev- 
eral years he has served on the school board and the.cause of education finds in him 
a stalwart champion. He is a self-made man whos_e^,usiness- advancement is 
attributable entirely to his own well directed efforts.' Not only has he progressed 
in a financial way but has also come to be recognized as one of the prominent and 
influential citizens of Columbia county, where for almost a half century he has 
made his home, therefore witnessing the greater part of the growth and develop- 
ment of this section of the state. Great indeed have been the changes which 
have occurred during this period and Mr. Rockhill is numbered among the worthy 
pioneer settlers. 



W. E. SPROUT. 



W. E. Sprout is regarded as among the foremost business men of Star- 
buck, where he is engaged in general merchandising and he also is president 
of the Bank of Starbuck. He was born in Gnmdy county, Missouri, on the 31st 
of January, 1861, a son of Francis M. and Sarah (Winters) Sprout, the for- 
mer a native of Indiana, while the latter was born in Ohio. They were married 
in Grundy county, Missouri, to which place they had removed in boyhood and 
girlhood with their respective parents. Following their marriage the father 
turned his attention to farming in Grundy county, but at the time of the Civil 



356 OLD WALLA W^ALLA COUNTY 

war he put aside all business and personal considerations to espouse the cause 
of his country, serving for a year and a half in the Civil war. He was wounded 
in the battle of Shiloh, losing his right arm. His first wife had died when 
their son, W. E. Sprout, was an infant of but four months and three years later 
the father married Miss Sophia Newland. He continued his residence in Mis- 
souri until 1888, when he removed to Hutchinson, Kansas, where he was en- 
gaged in farming until the death of his second wife in the year 1905. Since 
that date he has lived retired in Hutchinson, where he still makes his home, 
being now in the eightieth year of his age. 

VV. E. Sprout acquired but a limited education, his opportunities being such 
as the district schools afforded. When not busy with his textbooks he worked 
in the fields and thus early received the training which well qualified him to 
begin farming on his own account when he attained his majority. He carried 
on general agricultural pursuits in Grundy county for three years and in 1884 
he came west to Washington, settling in Dayton, where he spent two years as a 
farm hand, working for wages. In 1886 he invested in land, becoming owner 
of a farm on the Tucanon, a half mile outside the city limits of the town 
site of Starbuck. Upon that place he engaged in general farming and stock 
raising, which business claimed his time and attention until the year 1892, when 
Starbuck was made a railroad division point and Mr. Sprout then established 
a butchering business in the village. This was largely done in order to find a 
profitable market for his cattle. Eight years later, in 1900, he bought out the 
mercantile business of A. L. O'Neil of Starbuck and has since been promi- 
nently identified with the commercial interests of the town. For eight years he 
carried on the business independently and then, in 1908, organized the Sprout 
& Barnhart Mercantile Company, which was incorporated with Mr. Sprout as 
the president and W. H. Barnhart as the secretary and manager of the com- 
pany. In 1907 Mr. Sprout was also the dominant factor in the organization of 
the Bank of Starbuck, of which he became president and has since served in 
that connection. He is thus actively identified with the financial interests of the 
county and has made the Bank of Starbuck one of the strong and thoroughly 
reliable moneyed institutions of this section of the state. 

In 1890 Mr. Sprout was united in marriage to Miss Minnie Wooten, a 
native of Columbia county, Washington, and a daughter of W. S. Wooten, who 
came to this state from Missouri about 1878 and still makes his home in Day- 
ton. Mr. and Mrs. Sprout became the parents of one child, who has passed 
away, and the wife and mother died in January, 1906. Two years later, in 
April, 1908, Mr. Sprout was again married, his second union being with Miss 
Ida Hukill, a native of Walla Walla and a daughter of Allen Hulcill, who was 
one of the early pioneers of Columbia county, taking up a homestead in this 
section of the state shortly after his arrival in Washington, when the entire 
region was largely an undeveloped section. To the second marriage of Mr. 
Sprout has been bom one child, Allen M. 

In his political views Mr. Sprout is a republican and served as the first 
mayor after the city of Starbuck was incorporated. He also served for a num- 
ber of years as a member of the town council and ever exercised his oflncial 
prerogatives in support of well defined plans and measures for the general 
good. He likewise served on the school board and the cause of education has 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 357 

ever found in him a stalwart champion. Fraternally he is connected with Tu- 
cannon Lodge, No. io6, F. & A. M., of Starbuck, and also with Starbuck Lodge, 
No. 158, L O. O. F. He has recently disposed of his landed possessions but 
Mrs. Sprout still owns her homestead which she entered prior to her marriage. 
Mr. Sprout belongs to the Methodist Episcopal church and its teachings have 
been the guiding force in his life, making him a man among men, honored and 
respected by reason of his sterling worth, his patriotic loyalty in citizenship, 
his integrity and progressiveness in business and his faithfulness in friendship. 
In his public offices he has displayed the same spirit of enterprise and recogni- 
tion of opportunity that has marked his business career, and Starbuck has 
profited much by his labors. 



LESTER LEE ROBISON. 

Lester Lee Robison, one of the foremost agriculturists and most extensive 
sheep growers of Walla Walla county, has in his own name three thousand 
acres of wheat land and seventy-five hundred acres of grazing land. His home 
is on section 34, township 8 north, range 35 east. His birth occurred in Day- 
ton, Columbia county, Washington, on the 13th of April, 1884, his parents 
being Andrew M. and Theodosia (Fall) Robison, the former born in Austin, 
Texas, March 16, 1854, and the latter in Sidney, Iowa, on the 7th of September, 
1857. It was in the year 1872 that the mother came to Washington with her 
parents, the family home being established near Dayton in Columbia county. 
Andrew M. Robison made his way to this state in the winter of 1876-7, when 
a young man of twenty-two years, and after his arrival he secured a contract 
with the Northern Pacific Railroad Company in construction work. Later he 
bought stock throughout this section, furnishing meat for the railroad con- 
struction gangs, which numbered about seven thousand Chinamen. Subsequent- 
ly Mr. Robison took up his abode near Dayton and engaged in farming and 
in the stock business, being recognized for a number of years as one of the 
extensive stock buyers of this section of the state. In the fall of 1897 he re- 
moved to Walla Walla county, locating on Dry creek, four and one-half miles 
northwest of Walla Walla, where he acquired extensive farm lands, owning 
at the time of his death some twenty-eight hundred acres. He was widely 
recognized as one of the influential and leading citizens of southeastern Wash- 
ington and was a prominent representative of the Masonic fraternity. His 
demise occurred on the 21st of October, 1907, but his widow survives, making 
her home in Walla Walla, where she has an extensive circle of friends. 

Lester L. Robison acquired his education in the city schools of Walla 
Walla and also attended the State Agricultural College at Pullman, Washing- 
ton. After putting aside his textbooks he worked with his father until 1907, 
when he started out independently as an agriculturist, taking charge of his 
father's large holdings, which he has managed with marked success to the 
present time. The property in his own name embraces three thousand acres 
of wheat land and also some seventy-five hundred acres of grazing land. More- 



358 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

over, he has been heavily interested in the stock business for a number of years 
and is one of the foremost sheep growers of Walla Walla county. 

On the nth of September, 1907, Mr. Robison was united in marriage to 
Miss Elsie Rififle, of Walla Walla, her father being Elihu G. Riffle, who was 
one of the earliest pioneers of this county. Mr. and Mrs. Robison have a 
daughter, Laura Lee. Politically Mr. Robison is a democrat and fraternally is 
identified with the following Masonic organizations : Blue Mountain Lodge, No. 
13, F. & A. M.; Walla Walla Chapter, No. i, R. A. M.; the Knight Templar 
Commandery; Oriental Consistory, A. & A. S. R. ; and El Katif Temple, A. A. 
O. N. M. S. He also belongs to Walla Walla Lodge, No. 287, B. P. O. E. A 
young man of enterprise, ambition and ability, he has ably carried forward the 
work of his honored father and his career bids fair to be one of continued 
achievement. 



JAMES G. WOODEND. 

James G. Woodend was one of the prominent farmers of southeastern Wash- 
ington for many years and won a substantial measure of success by reason of the 
careful manner in which he developed his fields and managed his business aft'airs. 
He was a native of England and came to America when a young man of twenty- 
seven years. He did not tarry on the Atlantic coast but made his away across 
the country and took up his abode in Columbia county, Washington, at Starbuck. 
Here he occupied the position of section foreman for nineteen years and on the 
expiration of that period turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, purchasing 
a farm which he at once began to further develop and improve. Year after 
year he carefully tilled the soil and his plowing and planting, with the careful 
cultivation of his fields, brought to him substantial harvests which sold at a good 
figure. He was thus busily and successfully engaged in general farming up to 
the time of his death. In the intervening years he had added to his holdings as 
opportunity oft'ered until he had become the owner of sixteen hundred acres of 
land which is still in possession of his widow, the greater part being wheat land. 
He was regarded as one of the most prominent men in the valley and his life work 
indicates what can be accomplished in the way of wheat production in this sec- 
tion of the state. Moreover, his history shows clearly what can be attained by 
honorable purpose and indefatigable energy. 

In 1886 Mr. Woodend was united in marriage to Aliss Margaret Bellingham, 
a native of England, who came to America in the same year. To them were born 
six children: Isabel, the wife of F. F. Kent; Anna M., who is living in Spokane; 
Robert G., who follows farming; Thomas S., at home; Marguerite V., the wife 
of A. J. Burke; and Mildred A., who is a student in the high school at Spokane. 

The death of the husband and father occurred on September 21, 1915, and his 
remains were interred in the Starbuck cemetery. He left a widow and six 
children to mourn his loss, his demise being also a matter of deep regret to his 
many friends who sincerely esteemed him. He possessed many sterling traits of 
character, was thoroughly reliable in business, was public spirited in citizenship, 
held friendship inviolable and was devoted to the welfare and happiness of his 




xJA2s/[ES G.WOODEND 



T': 



PUBLIC LrBRARYJ 

AST'^K, r K-v^X I 

riLOf-. V ■■■. .i^.,^,J 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 361 

wife and children. Mrs, Woodend still owns and manages her farm property 
and in fact has added to the sixteen hundred acres left by her husband, making 
an additional purchase of six hundred and twenty acres, also in Columbia county, 
so that she now owns over two thousand two hundred acres of valuable land in 
this section of the state. 



M. B. WINCHELL. 



M. B. Winchell, who is engaged in general merchandising in Touchet, Walla 
Walla county, ranks with the foremost business men of this section of the 
state. A spirit of progress and enterprise actuates him in all that he under- 
takes and his course has been characterized by a determined purpose. He has 
ever recognized the fact that when one avenue of success seems closed there 
can always be marked out another path that will lead to the desired goal. Alert 
and energetic and thoroughly reliable, his position among the business men of 
Walla Walla county is indeed enviable. A native son of Washington, he was 
born at Lyons Ferry on the 28th of March, 1S88, his parents being Hezekiah 
and Alice L. (Palmer) Winchell. The father was a native of Michigan and 
the mother of the state of New York. They were married, however, in Min- 
nesota, where the father was identified with timber interests for a number of 
years. In 1883 he brought his family to the west, settling in Walla Walla 
county, Washington, at which time he filed on a homestead near Lyons Ferry 
but resided thereon only long enough to prove up on the property. He then 
took up his abode in Waitsburg and for twenty-two years the family lived in 
or near that town. The father was engaged in farming during this time. He 
died in 1905, at the comparatively early age of fifty-six years. The sons in the 
family continued to make their home with their mother, her death occurring 
on the 5th of June, 191 7. Mr. and Mrs. Winchell were worthy pioneer people 
of this section of the state and contributed much to its development and prog- 
ress. 

M. B. Winchell pursued his education in the graded schools of Waitsburg 
and also in the Waitsburg Academy, while subsequently he spent three terms 
in the Waitsburg high school, which he attended in the winter seasons. In fact 
his attendance at school was by no means continuous, but he utilized every 
opportunity to promote his education by entering school whenever he could. 
His father met with financial reverses and thus Mr. Winchell of this review 
was obliged early to start out in the business world and provide for his own 
support. He also earned the money that enabled him to continue his education. 
After finishing his course of study in the graded schools he devoted two years 
to work before he entered the academy and there was also a period of two years 
between his academic course and his high school course. In the meantime, how- 
ever, he was learning many valuable lessons through experience. He was em- 
ployed during the summer months and he made every spare hour count. He 
continued farm work and subsequently turned his attention to the grain busi- 
ness, becoming manager of an elevator when a youth of but seventeen years. 
This elevator was located at Alto, and he subsequently managed elevators at 



362 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

other points for the same company, a fact which is indicative of his capability 
and of his faithfulness. It is recognized that the best way to learn to do a 
thing is to do it. Habit brings accuracy and power grows through the exercise 
of effort. Labor does not tire — it gives resisting force; and all of these facts 
Mr. Winchell demonstrated in his life. He studied every task that came to his 
hand and from each new experience learned valuable lessons which have proven 
of worth to him in later years. He learned to correctly judge men and read 
character, while at the same time he was acquainting himself with commercial 
methods. While engaged in the grain trade he bought and shipped grain on 
tonnage during the winter months and attended school when there was no grain 
to ship. In other words he improved every opportunity to promote his knowl- 
edge as well as to advance his material interests. In 1914 he entered the em- 
ploy of the Allen Grocery Company in Waitsburg and there laid the founda- 
tion for his mercantile success. In 1916 he took up his abode at Touchet and 
became one of the dominant factors in the organization of the Quality Stores 
Company, having stores at Touchet, Lowden and Waitsburg. He became the 
manager of the establishment at Touchet, which at the last inventory showed 
a stock of over thirty-one thousand dollars value, while annually he does a 
business of from seventy-five to eighty-five thousand dollars. This is a splendid 
establishment to be under the care of a young man who had to fight his own 
way, make his own way through school unaided and at all times rely upon 
his own resources. In the parlance of the present day, he is a live wire, or in 
other words he has the dynamic force which makes things move. An oppor- 
tunity is to him a call to action and the call is never neglected. 

On the 22d of September, 1912, Mr. Winchell was united in marriage to 
Miss Alberta Williams, of Walla Walla, by whom he has two children, Zilpha 
Alice and Ruth Emily. Mr. Winchell maintains an independent course in regard 
to politics, voting for men and measures rather than for party. Fraternally he 
is connected with Delta Lodge, No. 75, K. P., of Waitsburg, and also with the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, while both he and his wife hold member- 
ship in the Community church of Touchet. He is interested in all that pertains 
to the material, political, social, mental and moral progress of the community. 
In a word his aid and influence are given on the side of advancement and im- 
provement, and with him each day must mark off a full-faithed attempt to 
grow more and to know more. 



WILLIAM C. WOODWARD. 

William C. Woodward, a resident farmer of Columbia county, Washington, 
was born February 13, 1862, within the boundaries of the county where he 
still resides and which has been his home throughout the intervening period. 
He is a son of Albert and Oral Woodward, of whom mention is made in con- 
nection with the sketch of his sister, Mrs. Mary Nichols, on another page of 
this work. He spent his youthful days under the parental roof and divided 
his time between the acquirement of an education and work in the fields. His 
early training under his father's direction acquainted him with the best methods 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 363 

of tilling the soil and caring for the crops, so that valuable experience aided 
him when, on attaining his majority, he started out in the business world for 
himself. He began farming and has since been identified with general agri- 
cultural pursuits, owning valuable property which he has brought under a high 
state of cultivation, so that year after year his fields return to him good har- 
vests that bring him a substantial income. 

In 1891 Mr. Woodward was united in marriage to Miss Nora Davis, a native 
of Oregon and a daughter of Daniel and Isabella (Laughlin) Davis. Mr. and 
Mrs. Woodward have become the parents of six children : Albert D., S. M., 
O. H., L. S., H. L. and Sarah Alice. The parents are members of the Chris- 
tian Science church and in his political views Mr. Woodward is a republican. 
He has served as county commissioner for two terms and has made an excellent 
record in his devotion to the public welfare. He has also been a member of the 
school board and the cause of education finds in him a stalwart champion. He 
has many sterling traits of character, is thoroughly reliable as well as enter- 
prising in the conduct of his farming interests, is progressive in citizenship and 
loyal in friendship. In fact, he is most faithful to every cause which he es- 
pouses, does not hesitate to express his honest convictions and his position 
upon any important question is never an equivocal one. A resident of what is 
now Columbia county for fifty-five years, he has been a witness of practically 
its entire growth and development and is justly numbered among its worthy 
and honored pioneer settlers. 



JOHN ROBERTSON. 



John Robertson, who follows farming on section 25, township 11 north, 
range 41 east, in Garfield county, was born in Prince Edward Island, Canada, 
on the 30th of November, 1866, but since 1882 has been a resident of Washing- 
ton and through all the intervening years has been identified with its agricul- 
tural development. His parents, John and Mary (Steel) Robertson, were also 
natives of Prince Edward Island and were of Scotch parentage. In 1873 they 
removed with their family to California, settling in the Livermore valley, where 
the father's death occurred four years later, and in the fall of 1882, Mrs. Rob- 
ertson with her four sons and one daughter came by team to Washington, 
where they proceeded to make a home for themselves. There was a strong 
family bond between the brothers, mother and sister and they held all of their 
interests jointly for many years, the brothers cooperating in their farming 
enterprises, and as a consequence all of them prospered. The mother is still 
living and makes her home with her son John, whose filial love and devotion 
repay her for the care which she gave to him in his youth. 

John Robertson pursued a district school education in California, to which 
state he was taken by his parents when a lad of but seven years. He was a youth 
of sixteen when the family home was established in Garfield county, Wash- 
ington, and here in connection with his three older brothers he began farming. 
Early in the '90s he homesteaded eighty acres which adjoins his present home 
farm, but he continued to engage in business in connection with his brothers 



364 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

until 1902, since which time he has followed farming independently. As the 
years have passed on he has prospered in his undertakings by reason of his 
close application and indefatigable energy and, making judicious investment 
in real estate, is now the owner of five hundred and sixty-five acres of excellent 
farm land and is regarded as one of the prominent agriculturists of his section 
of the state. 



J. M. CRAWFORD. 



A notable example of successful personal achievement is the history of J. M. 
Crawford, president and general manager of the Tum-a-lum Lumber Company 
of Walla Walla. Since making his initial step in the business world his career 
has been marked by an orderly progression that has brought him forward step 
by step until he now occupies a most prominent position in the commercial and 
manufacturing circles of the northwest. He was born in Smithfield, Ohio, June 
3, 1865, and is a son of Dr. J. B. Crawford, who was engaged in the practice 
of medicine in Gillespie, Illinois, for many years. In 1910 he came to Walla 
Walla and here passed away in 1915 at the age of eighty-eight years. 

J. M. Crawford spent his early life in- the states of Illinois, Nebraska and 
Kansas. At the age of twenty-two years. he was employed by the Badger Lum- 
ber Company of Kansas City and remained with them from 1887 to 1890, acting 
as line yard manager for western, Kansas .at a salary of fifty dollars per month, 
but he found his work very congenial. In 18S9 he was married in western 
Kansas to Miss Martha Cox and they began their domestic life in a humble way, 
their first home being made in a lumber shed of the company, and here their 
oldest son was born. On starting in business for himself Mr. Crawford pur- 
chased a stock of lumber from the Paddock Lumber Company of Raywood. 
Illinois, and thus he laid the foundation for his present successful business. 

In 1904 Mr. Crawford came to Walla Walla and formed the Whitehouse- 
Crawford Company by purchasing the control of a company from its original 
owners and later bought out those still interested in the business, so that today 
it is an entirely new corporation. In 1908 his brother, Joseph F. Crawford, came 
to Walla Walla and is now general manager of the company. They own a plant 
devoted to the manufacture of interior trimmings, showcases, bank and store 
fixtures, in addition to which they deal extensively in lumber, this being one 
of the most important industries of Walla Walla. The plant covers a block 
and a half on North Second street and forty men are employed throughout the 
year in the manufacture of a product which finds a ready sale on the market. 

It was in 1906 that Mr. Crawford started the Tum-a-lum Lumber Comjiany 
with five lumberyards, but which has since grown until it now has forty-five 
lumberyards in eastern Washington and central Oregon and is cajjitalized for 
five hundred thousand dollars. Of this company Mr. Crawford is the presi- 
dent and general manager. His business interests have thus assumed very ex- 
tensive proportions and his activities constitute an important element in the 
material growth and commercial development of the northwest. Moreover, Mr. 
Crawford has been most active in advancing the welfare and upbuilding of his 




J. M. CRAWFORn 




MBS. J. M. CRAWFORD 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 369 

city by inducing many others to locate here. He has prevailed on many of his 
old friends to come from the east and make their homes in Walla Walla and 
five different Crawford families have located here. 

To Mr. and Airs. Crawford have been born three children. Harold E. is 
a graduate of Whitman College and the Boston School of Technology. He now 
has charge of the engineering department of the Tum-a-lum Lvmiber Company, 
which constructs elevators, furnishes plans for houses and promotes good build- 
ings, the plans and work being given patrons free of charge. C. Howard is 
treasurer of the Tum-a-lum Lumber Company and office man. He attended 
the Walla Walla high school until the age of seventeen, when he entered the 
office of the company and has steadily advanced, being a young man of practical 
experience and pronovmced ability. Both sons are progressive and able to fill 
positions calling for skill and effectiveness. Susan M., the only daughter, was 
at one time a student at the University of Washington but is now attending 
Whitman College. 

Mr. Crawford is a Knight Templar Mason and a member of the Mystic 
Shrine. He has taken a marked interest in the Walla Walla Commercial Club 
and served on its board of directors for some years and as its president for one 
year. Both he and his wife hold membership in the Presbyterian church and 
Mr. Crawford was on the building committee when the present house of wor- 
ship was erected. He is a self-made man, able, forceful and successful, and 
can well be numbered among the builders of Walla Walla. Alert and enterpris- 
ing, he seems to lose sight of no opportunity that will advance his legitimate 
business interests or will promote the welfare and upbuilding of the com- 
munity at large. His keen sagacity has been an important element in public 
progress and Walla Walla honors him as one of her most valued and representa- 
tive men. 



GRANT LOW. 



Grant Low, a resident farmer of Columbia county, living on section 3, town- 
ship 10 north, range 40 east, is numbered among the native sons of North Caro- 
lina, his birth having occurred within the borders of the Old North state De- 
cember 25, 1870. His parents were Samuel and Dillie (Proctor) Low, who 
were also natives of North Carolina, where they spent their entire lives, the 
father there conducting a plantation. 

Grant Low was reared upon the old home farm until his sixteenth year and 
acquired but a limited common school education. His parents died when he 
was a youth of ten years and he was placed with a guardian, for whom he 
worked for his board and clothes. He did not like the treatment he received, 
however, and at the age of sixteen he ran away from his foster parents and 
went to Missouri, where he was employed as a farm hand for three years. In 
July, 1889, he made his way westward to Dayton, Washington, where he arrived 
with a cash capital of but five dollars. His financial condition rendered it im- 
perative that he secure immediate employment and soon afterward he began 
working for wages at farm labor, spending three years in that way. He next 



370 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

purchased a place of one hundred and sixty acres on credit. He did not have 
a cent with which to make an initial payment but he possessed courage and 
determination and was not afraid to work. Moreover, he recognized the eternal 
principle that industry wins. He began farming for himself and within the next 
five years was able to clear his place of all indebtedness. From that time for- 
ward he has steadily added to his holdings until he now has twelve hundred 
and forty acres in his home farm and he owns altogether forty-four hundred 
acres near Starbuck, in Columbia county, of which eighteen hundred acres 
is valuable farm land. He operates altogether three thousand acres 
of his own land and six hundred acres belonging to the Dwelly estate, 
which he farms under lease. He is one of the leading agriculturists of 
southeastern Washington, his business affairs having been most carefully man- 
aged and his investments most judiciously made. He employs progressive 
methods in the care and cultivation of his land and he has added many improve- 
ments to his farm, which is today valuable and which constitutes one of the 
attractive features in the landsca;pe. 

On December 3, 1891, Mr. Low was united in marriage to Miss Oral Mon- 
nett, of Covello, Columbia county, Washington, a daughter of Wallace Mon- 
nett and a sister of A. A. Monnett, one of the prominent business men of Day- 
ton. Mr. and Mrs. Low became the parents of five children, four of whom 
survive, namely : Nellie, Josie, Alberta and Donald. All are at home. 

Mr. Low gives his political allegiance to the republican party and is a stanch 
advocate of its principles but does not seek nor desire office as a reward for 
party fealty. He has always preferred to concentrate his efforts and attention 
upon his business affairs and, working steadily and persistently, he has gained 
a comfortable competence, being numbered among the leading and progressive 
agriculturists of Columbia county. 



ANGUS McKAY. 



Angus McKay, a well known and enterprising farmer of Walla Walla 
county, was born in Canada on the 13th of January, 1836, and is a son of Angus 
and Margaret (Campbell) McKay, both of Highland Scotch birth. In 1832 
they crossed the Atlantic and settled in Canada, where they continued to make 
their home until called from this life. To them were bom eight children but 
Angus is the only one of the number now living. 

Mr. McKay grew to manhood in Canada with the usual advantages of a 
boy of that period, attending school as he found opportunity. He subsequently 
served three years apprenticeship in a general merchandise store and remained 
in the Dominion in various capacities until in 1861 he left Canada and came 
to Walla Walla, Washington, where he engaged in the confectionery and to- 
bacco business for five years. His former experience stood him in good stead 
and that he was successful along business lines is evident from the fact that 
at the end of that period he was enabled to secure a homestead of three hun- 
dred and twenty acres on Russell creek and he has since given his time and 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 371 

attention to farming with good results, becoming one of the well-to-do men of 
his community. 

In 1866 Mr. McKay married Mrs. Mary A. Winship, a native of Ohio, who 
crossed the plains with her parents in 1852 in a covered wagon drawn by ox 
teams and settled in Oregon. To this union have been born seven children, of 
whom three are living, namely: March, residing and assisting on the ranch; 
Angus, living in Prossor; and Bessie, the wife of Oscar M. Shelton. 

Mr. and Mrs. McKay are living on the ranch which has been their home for 
over half a century and besides this property they own a residence in the city 
of Walla Walla. Fraternally Mr. McKay is a member of the Masonic order 
and being a strong temperance man he organized the first Good Templars lodge 
in this region in 1866. In politics he is a republican and for fifty years he has 
efficiently served as justice of the peace, his rulings being fair and impartial. 
He has also filled the office of assessor for several years and no trust reposed 
in him has ever been betrayed in the slightest degree. His honorable principles 
have won him many friends and all who know him hold him in the highest 
esteem. 



JOHN W. FOLEY. 



The life record of John W. Foley spells success. He has succeeded in what- 
ever he has undertaken by reason of close application, determined purpose and 
indefatigable energy. Early in life, when little more than a youth, he started 
out upon a mercantile career in Adam, Oregon, and the prosperity which at- 
tended that venture gave him his start for bigger things. He was likewise suc- 
cessful in the live stock business and later in farming operations, which he 
has carried on extensively, being regarded today as one of the foremost repre- 
sentatives of agricultural interests in Garfield county, his home being on section 
3, township 12 north, range 41 east. He was born in the Willamette valley of 
Oregon on the ist of November, 1866, and is a son of Francis and Hannah 
(Reese) Foley. The father is a native of Ohio and the mother of Kansas and 
in early life they crossed the plains, becoming residents of Oregon. They now 
make their home in California. 

Liberal educational advantages were accorded John W. Foley. After mas- 
tering the branches of learning taught in the public schools he became a student 
in the Willamette University of Salem, Oregon, and subsequently attended the 
Portland University, thus becoming well qualified for life's practical and respon- 
sible duties. In young manhood he turned his attention to the hardware busi- 
ness, establishing a store in Adam, Oregon, where he remained for two years. 
The venture proved profitable and he sold out at a good advance. He then 
went to Rock Lake in Whitman county, Washington, and for seven years was 
engaged in the cattle business. Again success attended his undertaking and on 
the expiration of that period he removed to Walla Walla, where he was engaged 
in the hardware and implement business for two years. He also devoted a part 
of his attention to farming when in Walla Walla county and in March, 1916, 
he took up his abode upon his present home farm in Meadow Gulch, Garfield 



372 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

county, where he owns sixteen hvmdred acres of rich and valuable land that 
responds readily to the care and cultivation which he bestows upon it. In busi- 
ness affairs he displays sound judgment and discriminates readily between the 
essential and the non-essential, discarding the latter and utilizing the former 
to the best possible advantage. 

In 1893 Mr. Foley was united in marriage to Miss Edith Babcock, a daughter 
of W. A. Babcock, one of the early pioneer settlers of Whitman county who is 
now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Foley have three children : ?Iarold F., Eva and 
Wayne C. Mr. Foley gives his political allegiance to the republican party and is 
a stanch advocate of its principles but he has no desire for public office. He 
and his wife are consistent members of the Methodist church, contributing gen- 
erously to its support and doing their part in its work. They are interested in 
all that pertains to the welfare and upbuilding of the community in which they 
reside and have been active factors in advancing its material, social and moral 
progress. They are widely and favorably known and the hospitality of the best 
homes of their locality is accorded them. 



ANDREW J. ABEL. 



Among the well known residents of Columbia county is Andrew J. Abel, a 
retired farmer. He was born in Indiana, October 28. 1838, a son of Andrew 
and Sarah Abel, both of whom were Hoosiers by birth. They grew to mature 
years and were married in Indiana but in 1840 removed with their family to 
Iowa, whence, in 1864, they set out by wagon for the far west. They at length 
reached Old Walla Walla county. Washington, and took up their residence on 
a farm near Dayton. Their first home in this section was a log cabin with a 
slab floor and a clapboard roof. Subsequently good buildings were erected 
upon the place, and the parents resided there until their death. 

Andrew J. Abel, who is one of two living children of a family of ten, 
received the greater part of his education in Iowa and there grew to manhood. 
Upon removing to Washington with the other members of the family in 1864 he 
took a preemption claim in Paddock Hollow, and there he maintained his home 
for six years. At the end of that time he sold this place and took up as a home- 
stead the farm on which he still lives. This comprises two hundred and forty 
acres, is in a high state of cultivation and is well improved. During his active 
life he gave the closest attention to the management of his affairs and as the 
years passed his resources increased. He is now in good financial circumstances 
and is living practically retired. 

Mr. Abel married Miss Sarah A. Brodhead, and they have had eleven chil- 
dren, of whom eight survive, namely: Andrew J., Jr.; Maria J., the wife of 
James Woodward; Sarah E., who married William Newby; Cora .'\.. now Mrs. 
Charles Ingram; Adele. the wife of Seymour Litter; Maud, the wife of Sterling 
Litter; Chester, a resident of Columbia county; and Tressie, who married Lenn 
Collins, now of Missouri. 

Mr. Abel gives his political allegiance to the democratic party but has not 
served in any office with the exception of that of member of the school board. 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 375 

His wife belongs to the Christian church and he also casts his influence on the 
side of right and justice. For more than five decades he has been an interested 
witness of the progress that has been made in Old Walla Walla county, and his 
reminiscences of the early days are of much interest to the younger genera- 
tion who are growing up amid conditions vastly different from those that their 
parents found here. 



SMITH OWENS GWINN. 

Smith Owens Gwinn is successfully engaged in farming on section 20, town- 
ship II north, range 40 east, in Columbia county. He was born in Putnam 
county, Missouri, February 17, 1855, his parents being William and Nancy 
(Triplett) Gwinn, both of whom were natives of Kentucky, where they were 
reared and married. Soon afterward they removed to Putnam county, Missouri, 
where they resided until 1864, when they heard and heeded the call of the west. 
The stories which reached them concerning the opportunities on the Pacific 
coast led them to the determination to try their fortune in Washington. With 
ox teams and wagons they traveled across the plains, being six months on the 
journey, and at length they established their home in Walla W'alla county, six 
miles east of Walla Walla, where the father purchased one hundred and sixty 
acres of land, for which he paid eighteen hftndfed ' dollars. Today the same 
property is worth forty thousand dollars. He lived upon that farm for a num- 
ber of years and then sold the property, after which he took up his abode in 
the city of Walla Walla, spending his remaining days in the enjoyment of well 
earned rest. He had acquired a comfortable competence sufficient to meet all 
of his needs and also sufficient to supply him with the comforts of life. He 
passed away in 1897, while his widow survived for about twelve years, her 
death occurring in 1909. In his political views Mr. Gwinn was a democrat, giv- 
ing stalwart allegiance to the party. He served as county assessor of Walla 
Walla county before it was divided, occupying that position for three or four 
years. He was widely known throughout the county, ranking as a representative 
business man and progressive citizen, and as a pioneer he contributed much to 
the early development of his section of the state. He and his wife were con- 
sistent and faithful members of the Methodist Episcopal church and were people 
of the highest respectability, enjoying the goodwill and confidence of all with 
whom they were associated. They left the impress of their individuality for good 
upon the material, political and moral development of the community. 

Smith O. Gwinn was a lad of but nine years at the time of the removal of 
the family to Washington, so that he pursued his education largely in the schools 
of this district. He attended the Maxson school on Russell creek and on reach- 
ing his majority he began farming on his own account, renting land for that 
purpose. He raised two crops in Walla Walla county and in the fall of 1877 
removed to Columbia county, where he homesteaded eighty acres. He failed, 
however, to get water on his land and therefore sold his right, after which he 
purchased another eighty acres with water on it. About 1880 he disposed of that 
farm and invested in his present home place of one hundred and sixty acres. 



37G OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

In 1895 he leased this farm to Charlie Thronson and removed to Dayton, where 
he turned his attention to the livery business, with which he was identified for 
four years. Later he was engaged in various lines of business and retained his 
residence in Dayton until 1904, when he removed to Portland, where he resided 
for two years. He then went to Spokane, where the following year was passed, 
after which he returned to Portland, Oregon, where he again lived for three 
years. Once more he took up his abode in Spokane, where he remained until 
July, 1917, when he returned to the old home farm in Columbia county. Upon 
this place he has recently erected one of the most commodious and beautiful 
country homes in southeastern Washington and he has added many other mod- 
ern improvements which add to the value and attractive appearance of the place. 
He also owns four hundred and eighty acres of land which constitutes one of 
the valuable wheat ranches of Columbia county. His business affairs are care- 
fully managed and his unfaltering energy has carried him steadily forward to 
the goal of success. 

■ Mr. Gwinn votes with the democratic party, of which he has been a stal- 
wart champion since attaining his majority. He belongs to Touchet Lodge, L O. 
O. F., and is one of the well known citizens of Columbia county who has gained 
a gratifying measure of success owing to his close application and indefatigable 
energy. His efforts have been a contributing factor in bringing about the splen- 
did results that have been achieved in making southeastern Washington a nota- 
ble agricultural belt, especially adapted to wheat raising. 



W^ H. YOUNGER. 



W. H. Younger, who superintends the operation of the Prescott mills as 
agent for the Portland Flouring Mills Company, the largest concern of the kind 
in the northwest, was born in Stockton, California, on the 29th of January, 
1889, a son of Thomas W. and Nannie (Welch) Younger. For a period of forty- 
three years the father was connected with the Southern Pacific Railroad Com- 
pany as superintendent of motive power but has recently retired and now 
makes his home at Forest Grove, Oregon. 

In the acquirement of his education W. H. Younger attended the public 
schools of Portland and also the Portland Academy. When a youth of sixteen 
years he entered the employ of the Portland Flouring Mills Company, securing 
a position as office boy in their Portland offices. With this important enter- 
prise he has been connected continuously to the present time, becoming thor- 
oughly familiar with every phase of the milling business, and that his services 
have been recognized as of value is indicated by his steady promotion. In 1909 
he was made bookkeeper under E. H. Leonard, agent of the Prescott mills, 
serving in that capacity for four years or until the ist of April, 1913, when he 
was appointed agent of the mills at Dayton, Washington. He had charge of the 
mills there for four years and on the ist of May, 1917, was transferred to Pres- 
cott as agent at this point, in which connection he is making an excellent and 
most commendable record. 

On the 28th of June, 1910, Mr. Younger was united in marriage to Miss 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 377 

Jessie Grace Anderson, of Portland, Oregon. Mr. Younger gives his political 
allegiance to the republican party and is deeply interested in matters of civic 
concern, having served as president of the Dayton Commercial Club and as a 
member of the Dayton Board of Trade. Fraternally he is identified with Dayton 
Lodge, F. & A. M., and he is also a charter member of Whetstone Lodge, 
No. 157, K. P., in which he has passed through all the chairs. His 
wife belongs to Trinity Episcopal church of Portland and both enjoy an enviable 
position in the social circles of Prescott, where they now make their home. 



WILEY L. ARNOLD. 



Wiley L. Arnold, a representative and successful agriculturist of Walla 
Walla coimty, resides on section 26, township 8 north, range 37 east, where he 
operates a well improved farm of forty-five acres, and he is also the owner of 
another valuable farm of one hundred and eighteen acres four miles distant 
from the aforementioned place. His birth occurred in Tennessee on the Sth 
of September, 1866, his parents being John and Anna Arnold, who spent their 
entire lives in that state. They had two sons, the brother of our subject being 
Grant, who is still a resident of Tennessee. 

Wiley L. Arnold spent the period of his minority in his native state and in 
1887, when a young man of twenty-one years, made his way to Spokane, Wash- 
ington. Soon afterward, however, he removed to Vancouver, Washington, 
where he also spent but a short time and then went to Grants Pass, Oregon, there 
remaining during a winter season. Subsequently he came to Walla Walla 
county, Washington, and here worked on a ranch for three and one-half years. 
On the expiration of that period he returned to Grants Pass, Oregon, but two 
years later again made his way to Walla Walla county and purchased the farm 
on which he now resides and to the cultivation of which he has devoted his atten- 
tion continuously to the present time. It is a highly improved property, com- 
prising forty-five acres on section 26, township 8 north, range 37 east, near 
Dixie. Mr. Arnold also owns another farm of one hundred and eighteen acres 
nearby and in the conduct of his agricultural interests has met with gratifying 
and well deserved success, being energetic, enterprising and progressive. He 
is also a stockholder in the warehouse at Sapellel. 

In 1893 Mr. Arnold was united in marriage to Miss Carrie Perry, a native of 
California and a daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Shinn) Perry, the former 
born in Canada and the latter in Michigan. They made the trip to California in 
1849 ''ntl after a number of years' residence in that state took up their abode 
in Grants Pass, Oregon, where they spent the remainder of their lives. They 
became the parents of twelve children, eight of whom survive. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Arnold have been born six children, as follows : Veora I., who is the wife 
of George W. Bruce ; Marion Harvey ; Zeffie A. ; Sarah F. ; Ivan W. ; and one 
who died in infancy. 

Mr. Arnold gives his political allegiance to the republican party and has 
ably served as school director here. Fraternally he is identified with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, belonging to Lodge No. 117, and his wife is a 



378 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

consistent member of the Christian church. They are widely and favorably 
known in Walla Walla county and Mr. Arnold enjoys an enviable reputation 
as a self-made man whose success is the merited reward of his unremitting in- 
dustry and sound business judgment. 



JOHN HOFFMANN. 



John Hoffmann is one of the honored pioneer settlers of Walla W alia and 
of the Inland Empire. There is no phase of the frontier development with which 
he is not familiar, for he came here when the work of progress seemed scarcely 
begun. In the years which have since elapsed he has not only witnessed remark- 
able changes that have brought this county to a foremost place fii the way of 
improvement and development but he has also taken a most active part in bring- 
ing about this result by reason of his extensive interests and activities as an 
agriculturist. 

Mr. Hoffmann was born in Germany, March 28, 1852, and remained in that 
country until he reached the age of sixteen years, when his father sent him to the 
new world in order that he might escape Bismarck's compulsory military service 
law, which had been established at the close of the Franco-Prussian war. He 
remained for a period in New York and in the eastern part of the country but in 
1878 reached Walla Walla, being then a young man of twenty-six years. He 
began life as a farm hand, and ^soiu.ething of the intense activity and enterprise 
which has ever characterizedvhim is indicated in the fact that he came to be the 
possessor of eight thousand acjesrof. the ifinest land in the wdieat belt of Wash- 
ington, having six thousand and-eighty acres in one body, which was but bunch 
grass land when taken by Mr. Hoffmann. It is now well improved with fine 
buildings, supplied with best modern improvements, including electric light and 
baths. Water is secured at a depth of nine hundred and forty-five feet, Mr. 
Hoffmann being the first to drill a deep well in this locality. His fine place cer- 
tainly indicates what energy, good judgment and determination can do. At the 
time of his arrival, however, little land had been brought under the plow and 
the city of Walla Walla was scarcely more than a trading and military post. 
The wide fields were covered with sagebrush or bunchgrass and there were no 
railroads. Mr. Hoffmann brought with him a heavy team and with this he at 
once began work, hauling freight from Wallula to Spokane and into the Coeur 
d'Alenes. It often required two or three months to make such trips, for the 
horses had to be fed on grass, as there was little grain for that purpose. With 
the completion of the Northern Pacific Railroad, Mr. Hoffmann recognized the 
fact that freighting would no longer be profitable and therefore looked about him 
'for some other means of support. He was unable to secure a homestead because 
he could not remain upon it, necessity forcing him to provide for his support in 
other ways. He therefore used his preemption right and occupied one hundred 
and sixty acres of land on what is now Eureka Flats. He used his team in work 
for others and as opportunity offered rented adjoining land. It was about 1880 
that he threshed his first wheat crop from a tract of seventy-five acres, selling 
the crop at about forty- four cent? per bushel after hauling it eighteen miles to 



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TJLDEN =■<><,' NDATIOW* 




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J -fuCAX^ a /vV^t^^^>'?e^?<^'>2'^2'T. 



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P:;.>L1C LIBRARY 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 383 

Prescott. In his third year he harvested half a section of wheat but as yet had 
no farm machinery. When sowing and threshing time came, Mr. Hoffmann with 
his eight horses continued to work for others and in this way paid for putting in 
and gathering his crops for several years. In the meantime he was most carefully 
saving his earnings in order to equip a farm, and whenever opportunity offered 
he also added to his holdings, becoming the owner of four thousand four hun- 
dred acres on the Eureka Flats. There he introduced punctuality and regulations 
as stringent as those of a factory. He began work after three o'clock in the 
mo-rning to round up the horses and ended the day's work at dark or later. He 
secured modern steam machinery and with his working system he did more work 
than if he had forced his employes to continue their labor from daylight until 
dark. There was no loss of time and each move was made to count for the 
utmost. He kept in touch with every phase of progressive farming and in fact 
was a recognized leader in introducing improved methods. He studied agricul- 
ture from the practical and from the scientific standpoints and, in fact, he recog- 
nized that these two things are one. The results achieved were marvelous and 
as his financial resources increased he continued making investments. From 
time to time he purchased cheap land. He bought six sections of railroad land 
along the Snake river to be used as horse pasturage until rapidly moving settle- 
ment required it. For this he paid only severifyTfi-ve 'cents per- acre and after a 
few years he sold it at a net profit of five dollars per acre, thus realizing a hand- 
some sum on his investment. He made other similar purchases of land, which 
in time he turned into ready money, continuing t6 fealtze a fair profit. His hold- 
ings at one time embraced over twelve thousand acres. He continued to occupy 
his farm until 1893, when he removed his family to Walla Walla, and in 1903 he 
retired from the active management of his farming property. He helped to 
organize and is a director of Walla Walla's Farmers Agency. 

On April 25, 1881, Mr. Hofifmann was united in marriage to Miss Theresa 
Kirchner, a native of Minnesota, who came to Washington with her parents when 
she was a child of but four years. Mr. and Mrs. Hofifmann have become the 
parents of ten children, seven of whom are yet living: John Edward, an agricul- 
turist of Columbia county, Washington ; Bessie D., who is the wife of Ben Grote, 
of Walla Walla ; Anna, who gave her hand in marriage to George Retzer, a 
druggist residing in Walla Walla ; Valline, who is pursuing a course in me- 
chanical engineering in the University of Washington at Seattle ; Philip, a senior 
in the high school ; John William, who is an eighth grade pupil ; and Corleen, who 
is a freshman in the high school. 

In politics Mr. Hoffmann has long been a stalwart republican and gives un- 
faltering allegiance to the principles of the party, yet without desire for office. 
He belongs to the Commercial Club and through that agency works for the 
upbuilding and development of the city in which he makes his home. He is well 
known in fraternal circles, holding membership in Blue Mountain Lodge, No. 13, 
A. F. & A. M.; Walla Walla Chapter, No. i, R. A. M. ; Columbia Commandery, 
K. T. ; Oriental Consistory, No. 2, A. & A. S. R. ; and El Katif Temple, A. A. O. 
N. M. S. For from thirty to forty years he has belonged to the order. He and 
his wife are also members of the Order of the Eastern Star and they are 
widely and prominently known socially, having a circle of friends almost coex- 
tensive with the circle of their acquaintance. The life record of Mr. Hoffmann 

Vol. II 15 



;{84 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

is indeed a notable one and there is no resident of Walla Walla who has more 
truly earned the proud American title of a self-made man. Being early released 
from the military rule of Germany, he found in the opportunities of the new 
world the chances for advancement if the individual possesses industry and deter- 
mination. These qualities are his in large measure and step by step he has pro- 
gressed until he has long since occupied a place among the men of affluence in 
Washington. For almost forty years he has been a witness of the changes which 
have here occurred and is today one of the honored pioneer settlers of Walla 
Walla county, his memory forming a connecting link between the primitive past 
and the progressive present. 



U. F. CORKRUM. 



No student of history can carry his investigations far into the annals of 
Walla Walla county without learning of the close connection of the Corkrum 
family with the development of the agricultural interests of this section of the 
state. U. F. Corkrum is numbered among the progressive and enterprising 
vi'heat growers of Walla Walla county, where he was born on the 1st of June, 
1866. His father, Francis M. Corkrum, was a native of Kentucky, and in early 
life went to Illinois, where he was united in marriage to Miss Mary Killabrew, 
who was a native of that state. They were residents of Illinois until 1865, when 
ihey crossed the plains with ox teams to Washington. On their arrival the 
father took up a homestead on Dry creek, about six miles northeast of Walla 
Walla, where he resided until about 1895. He then removed to the city, where 
the last twelve years of his life were passed, his death occurring in 1907. He 
was one of the first men in this county to take up wheat growing, demonstratmg 
the possibilities for the successful production of that crop in this section of the 
state. He became one of the most extensive wheat growers of eastern Wash- 
ington and acquired twelve hundred acres of land, mostly devoted to wheat 
raising. His widow survived him for a brief period, passing away in 1910. 

U. F. Corkrum was educated in the Union school on Dry creek, with one 
term at Whitman College. The winter seasons were devoted to his school 
work, while the summer months were spent in farm labor. As early as his 
nineteenth year he began farming on his own account and on attaining his 
majority he made his first purchase of land, becoming owner of a farm of two 
hundred and forty acres on Dry creek. To this he added at intervals as his 
financial resources increased until 1893, at which time he had ten hundred and 
thirty-five acres, but the widespread financial panic of that year caused him to 
lose all that he had and to start in business life anew. That he met discourage- 
ment bravely and undertook his task with stout heart is indicated in the fact 
that he now owns six hundred and forty acres of rich and valuable wheat land 
and recently sold another tract of one hundred and sixty acres. He is now 
residing in Walla Walla in order to give his children the advantages of the city, 
but he is still one of the active wheat growers of the county and his business 
afifairs are systematically managed, while the results that are attained are most 
desirable. 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 385 

In 1897 Mr. Corkrum was united in marriage to Miss Kathryn Williams, 
of Brecknockshire, Wales, who emigrated to the United States in 1894, and 
came to Washington two years later. They now have four children, namely : 
Franklin Carl, Frederick Victor and Ralph Edward, all of whom are students in 
the Walla Walla high school ; and Bertie Stanford, who is attending the graded 
school. 

In politics Mr. Corkrum is a democrat but is without ambition for public 
ofifice. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, to the 
teachings of which they consistently adhere, and their influence is always on 
the side of right, progress and improvement. They are honored among those 
whose financial liberality made possible the fine new church built in 1917. Their 
cooperation can ever be counted upon to advance and support movements for 
the benefit of the individual and of the community at large and they advocate 
the highest standards of citizenship. Mr. Corkrum's example is well worthy 
of emulation. Many a man of less resolute spirit would have become utterly 
discouraged by failure, but in his career difficulties and obstacles have seemed 
but to serve as an impetus for renewed efifort, calling forth his latent powers. 
Recognizing that perseverance and industry are essential features to success, he 
has ever cultivated those qualities and has gained a most creditable position in 
business circles. 



CLINTON H. CUMMINGS. 

Clinton H. Cummings is a well known agriculturist residing on section 4, 
township 6 north, range 35 east, Walla Walla county, there owning eighty acres 
of land in the richest part of the valley. His birth occurred in Lewisburg. 
Union county, Pennsylvania, on the 13th of August, 1855, his parents being 
Andrew and Catherine (Boney) Cummings, who spent their entire lives in the 
Keystone state. The father worked at the cabinet maker's trade in early life, 
hut after the period of the Civil war embarked in the furniture business and 
was identified therewith in later years. 

Clinton H. Cummings acquired a limited education in the district schools 
and subsequently secured a position as clerk in a mercantile establishment, while 
for a year and a half he was in the employ of the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Rail- 
road Company. In 1883 he heard and heeded the call of the west and made his 
way to the Pacific coast country, reaching Seattle on the 28th of April of that 
year. He remained in that city for eight years, being employed in various ways, 
and in 1891 he came to Walla Walla county, Washington, where he secured a 
position as manager of a grain warehouse. He was afterward employed in dif- 
ferent capacities at Walla Walla until 1896, when he took up a homestead in the 
Nez Perce reservation and there devoted his attention to general agricultural 
pursuits for seven years. On the expiration of that period he disposed of the 
property and returned to Walla Walla, where he established himself in the 
grocery business, successfully conducting an enterprise of that character for ten 
years. He then traded his store for his present farm holdings, which embrace 
eighty acres of the richest land in the valley and to the cultivation of which he 



386 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

lias since devoted his attention, meeting with a well deserved and gratifying 
measure of prosperity in this connection. 

In 1889 Mr. Cummings was united in marriage to Miss Frances Belle Ken- 
nedy, of Walla Walla. He is a democrat in politics and has served for two 
terms as a member of the city council of Walla Walla, the fact that he was 
elected in a strong republican ward being indicative of his personal popularity 
and the public contidence in his capability. Fraternally he is identified with the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, belonging to the Walla Walla Lodge, 
No. 287. His well directed business activities have won him material success 
and by his upright and honorable life he has gained the warm regard and friend- 
ship of many with whom he has been brought in contact. 



CHARLES ISECKE. 



For almost a third of a century Charles Isecke was a resident of Washington 
and during that long period made valuable contributions to the work of develop- 
ment and progress in the state. There was no phase of pioneer life in Washing- 
ton with which he was not thoroughly familiar and at all times he bore his part 
in the work of development and won a substantial measure of business success. 
His personal qualities, too, made him very popular and everyone whom he met 
was his friend. 

Mr. Isecke was born in Pommern, western Prussia, May 8, 1842, and had 
therefore completed the Psalmist's span of three score years and ten when called 
to his final rest. He acquired his education in the common and normal schools 
of his native country and after putting aside his textbooks began learning the 
miller's trade, with which he became thoroughly familiar. He was twenty-four 
years of age when in 1866 he severed home ties and bade adieu to his native 
land preparatory to becoming a resident of America. Crossing the Atlantic, he 
located at Bufifalo, New York, and was there employed for a time in carpenter 
work but afterward turned his attention to railway bridge building. The west, 
however, attracted him and in 1874 he made his way to California, where for 
four years he was employed in the car shops at Salida. In the spring of 1878 he 
arrived in Washington, and after seeking a favorable location decided upon 
Anatone, where he purchased a small store that had been established only a short 
time before. Increasing the size of the stock immediately, he continued to carry 
on the business for eleven years with substantial success and in 1889 sold out to 
W. J. Clemans. He then removed to Asotin and during the period of his resi- 
dence in that city was connected with various important industries and business 
enterprises, becoming president of the Blue Mountain Lumber & Manufacturing 
Company and also president of the bank of Asotin from its organization until 
his demise. 

Mr. Isecke was married in 1879, about a year after taking up his abode in 
Anatone. the lady of his choice being Miss Mary L. Sutherland, of Truro, Nova 
Scotia, with whom he had become acquainted in California. Mr. Isecke was 
prominent in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and became a charter mem- 
ber of Hope Lodge, No. 30, at Anatone. He regularly attended the lodge meet- 




CHARLES ISECKE 



TM€ NEW YORK 

PUBLIC LftiRARY 






J 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 389 

ings, had filled all of the officers in the organization and was always in attend- 
ance at the annual sessions of the Grand Lodge. He gave his financial aid and 
assistance to all movements calculated to benefit the community in which he lived 
and he was most generous in his contributions to religious organizations and 
charitable societies. He possessed a cheery nature, was ever considerate of 
others and never failed to extend a helping hand where he could give assistance. 
At Christmas time he was most generous in his gifts to the poor and it was his 
desire that all people should be happy. His kindly nature made him loved by all 
and his circle of friends was coextensive with the circle of his acquaintance. On 
the fiftieth anniversary of their graduation Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote a poem 
concerning his classmates in which he termed them "The Boys." Speaking of 
one of them he said : 

"You see that boy laughing, you think he's all fun 
But the angels laugh, too, at the good he has done. 
The children laugh loud as they troop to his call 
But the poor man that knows him laughs loudest of all." 

These words are entirely applicable to Mr. Isecke, who belonged to that class 
of men who shed around them much of life's sunshine and who are ever putting 
forth earnest and effective effort to ameliorate the hard conditions of life for the 
unfortunate. 



WILLIAAI H. LEONARR, • 

William H. Leonard, one of the best knowu-stoc-k breeders in southeastern 
Washington, where he took up his abode almost four decades ago, is the pro- 
prietor of the Blue Ribbon Stock Farm on section 28, township 14 north, range 
41 east, and owns eleven hundred and sixty acres of land, comprising one of 
the best improved farms in Garfield county. His birth occurred in Vermilion 
county, Illinois, on the ist of March, i860, his parents being William J. and 
Sarah Jane (Cronkhite) Leonard, who were married in Illinois and spent the 
remainder of their lives in Vermilion county, that state. The father was an 
agriculturist, owning and cultivating two hundred and eighty acres of valuable 
corn land in Vermilion county. He died when yet a comparatively young man, 
passing away in 1866 or 1867, and his wife survived him for but ten years. 

William H. Leonard was a youth of but sixteen years when he lost his 
mother and since that time he has made his own way in the world. In 1877 
he journeyed westward by immigrant train to California, spending two years in 
Los Angeles county, where he worked for wages. In 1879 he came to Wash- 
ington, locating in Walla Walla county, where he again worked for others for a 
period of two years and at the end of that time settled in what was then Columbia 
county and is now Garfield county. Here he took up a preemption claim of one 
hundred and sixty acres, subsequently commuted this and then took up a home- 
stead. At the same time that he filed on his homestead he bought a quit claim 
on a timber claim, on which he proved up later. Since then he has added to this 
by purchase until his present holdings comprise eleven hundred and sixty acres 
and he enjoys the distinction of owning one of the best improved farms in 



390 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Garfield county. During the past fourteen years Mr. Leonard has speciaHzed 
in the breeding of registered thoroughbred shorthorn cattle and now has more 
than eighty head that are registered or eligible to registry. He has attended 
the Lewiston livestock show and sale with a carload of cattle for the past 
three years and has gained a most enviable reputation as a breeder. His style 
of dealing with his customers has contributed most to his success, demonstrating 
that honesty is the best policy, for when one of his animals is placed on the 
auctioneer's block, the buyers of his stock know that there are no by-bidders 
running up the price and that every animal purchased from him measures up 
to the standard set. The prosperity which has come to him is indeed well de- 
served, for he has worked earnestly and energetically as the years have gone 
on and by able management and sound judgment has won a place among the 
leading stock breeders and farmers of this section of the state. 

In 1881 Mr. Leonard was united in marriage to Miss Matilda Starr, of 
Columbia county, her father, William H. Starr, being among the early pioneer 
settlers of that county. They have become the parents of five children, as fol- 
lows: Qara E., who is the wife of Fernando Freeburn, a farmer of Garfield 
county ; Izza C, who gave her hand in marriage to W. Morse, of Waitsburg, 
Washington; William J., who operates the home farm; Mary M., who was edu- 
cated in the State Normal School at Cheney, Washington, and is now engaged 
in teaching; and Mildred T., at home. 



HEZEKL\H N. BROWN. 

Hezekiah N. Brown, a retired farmer, residing in Dayton. Columbia county, 
was born in central Tennessee, August 28, 1845, ^ son of John and Perlina 
I'Kincade) Brown, w^ho were also natives of that state. In 1847 they removed 
west to Arkansas, and there the father spent his remaining years. The mother, 
however, came to Columbia county, Washington, in 1874. The following year 
her death occurred. They had eight children, of whom five survive, two resi- 
dents of Washington; two of Idaho; and one of Texas. 

Hezekiah N. Brown received his education in Arkansas and there grew to 
manhood. Most of his boyhood was spent in rail splitting and hard work on 
the farm. In 1872 he determined to cast in his lot with the Pacific northwest 
and came to what is now Columbia county, Washington, but was then a part of 
Walla Walla county. He acquired title to land and as time passed he was able to 
add to his holdings. Success was the natural result of his hard work, thrift 
and good management, and he still owns nine hundred and thirty-two acres, 
which is in a high state of cultivation and is well improved. .A.lthough the build- 
ings upon the farm are now commodious, up-to-date and attractive in design, 
during the first years of his residence here he lived in a box house. In 1909 he 
retired and removed to Dayton, where he still lives. 

Mr. Brown was married in Arkansas in 1869, to Miss Elizabeth Carpenter, 
whose birth occurred in Runnells county, Missouri, February 14, 1849. To 
them have been born five children : Leo and George, both of whom are farming ; 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 393 

Elmer H., who is living in Seattle ; Walter S., a merchant of Spokane ; and Lu- 
ella, deceased. 

Mr. Brown has been a lifelong adherent to the democratic parly and for 
twenty-five years he rendered capable service as a member of the school board. 
At the time of the Civil war he served in the Confederate army under General 
Cooper, and although he was at the front four years and took part in much 
hard fighting he came out without a scratch. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Christian church, whose teachings are the guiding principles of 
their lives. Mr. Brown was not only thrown upon his own resources at an early 
age but until he was twenty-four years old aided materially in the support of 
his parents. He is, therefore, a self-made man and is entitled to the credit given 
those who, through their own unaided efforts, have gained material success and 
an honored place in their community. 



C. A. HALES. 



Since 1892, C. A. Hales has been identified with the sheep industry in Wash- 
ington and Oregon and is now senior partner in the firm of C. A. Hales & Sons, 
prominent sheep raisers of Walla Walla county. He resides on section 12, 
township 9 north, range t,"/ east, and has been a lifelong resident of the north- 
west, his birth having occurred in Marion county, Oregon, October 16, 1867, 
his parents being William H. and Lucinda (Turner) Hales. The father crossed 
the plains in 1851, when a young man of twentyK)ne years, and located near 
Portland, Oregon, when there were but one 'or two log cabins on the site of 
the present beautiful city. Later he went to California, where he followed 
mining for a number of years, and in 1873 he became a resident of Weston, 
Oregon, where he engaged in ranching and in the livestock business. He ac- 
quired extensive land holdings and became a prominent factor in the livestock 
industry in that section of the country, there remaining until his death, which 
occurred in 1887. His wife had crossed the plains with her parents in 1849, 
when but four years of age, the family home being established in Marion county, 
Oregon. She still survives and makes her home near that of her son, C. A. 
Hales, of this review. 

In the common schools C. A. Hales acquired his education. He was but 
twenty years of age at the time of his father's death, at which time the latter's 
extensive and important business interests devolved upon the son. He had to 
assume the management of the large farm holdings and livestock interests, and 
though his responsibilities were heavy, he proved adequate to the demands placed 
upon him. In 1892 he turned his attention to the sheep industry and has in the 
course of years become one of the foremost sheep men of the northwest, run- 
ning some twelve thousand head of sheep at the present time. His splendid 
business ability is demonstrated by his successful control of extensive interests 
of this character. He has a vast acreage on which to pasture his flocks and he 
keeps in close touch with every condition bearing upon the welfare of his busi- 
ness and upon the market. He is thus thoroughly acquainted with everything 
that has to do with the successful conduct of his interests. 



394 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

In 1890 Mr. Hales was married to Miss Lucinda Galloway, of Morrow 
county, Oregon, and to them have been born eight children, six of whom are 
living, namely: Willis R., who is associated with his father in the sheep busi- 
ness and is the maanger of the Union Stock Yards at Pasco, Washington; 
Alfred L. and Lester M., who are also associated with their father in the sheep 
business; Marvin R. ; Ila M.; and Gertrude E. 

Politically Mr. Hales is a stanch republican, while fraternally he is identified 
with the Masons, belonging to Waitsburg Lodge, No. 16, F. & A. M., and Day- 
ton Chapter, R. A. M. Mr. Hales and his family are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. He is much interested in its work and generous in its sup- 
port. He stands at all times for those things which are a matter of benefit to 
the individual and to the community at large and his influence is always on the 
side of progress, justice, truth and right. His career has been notably success- 
ful. It is true that something came to him through inheritance ; on the other 
hand, it is true that necessity is the spur of ambition and industry, and there are 
too many cases where inheritance has seemed to enfeeble eff^ort rather than to 
call forth the most persistent purpose. Mr. Hales, however, nobly met the tasks 
that developed upon him at his father's death and in the conduct of business 
interests was and is always looking for opportunities to advance. His course 
has been marked by a steady progression and each forward step has brought him 
a broader outlook and wider opportunities, which he has eagerly, promptly and 
rightfully utilized. Moreover, his business affairs have always been of a char- 
acter that have contributed to public progress as well as to individual success 
and through the management of his extensive sheep interests he has done much 
to further prosperity in Walla Walla county. 



HARVEY B. BATEMAN. 

Among the honored early settlers of Old Walla Walla county was Harvey 
B. Bateman, who took an active part in the development of this region, especially 
along agricultural lines. He was born in Illinois on the loth of November, 1833, 
and in early manhood crossed the plains, enduring all the hardships and dangers 
of such a journey. On reaching Washington he bought a farm near Waitsburg 
and continued to reside thereon up to the time of his death, his time and atten- 
tion being devoted to farming. 

In 1876 Mr. Bateman was united in marriage to Miss Susan Thomas, a 
native of Missouri and a daughter of T. T. and Nancy (Curl) Thomas, who 
in 185 1 left their home in the Mississippi valley and after crossing mountains 
and desert finally reached Linn county, Oregon, where the father took up a 
donation claim. He built thereon a log cabin with a clapboard roof and stick 
chimney and in this frontier home the family lived in true pioneer style. He 
became one of the prominent and influential citizens of his community and was 
called upon to represent his district in the state legislature for two terms. Later 
he went to Alaska, where his death occurred. His wife died in Washington. 
In their family were ten children, of whom five are still living. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Bateman were born twelve children, but Mida, the wife of 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 395 

J. O. Windust, and four others are deceased. Those living are: J\Tary, the 
wife of Andrew Gregg of Oakesdale, Washington ; Nancy, the wife of Wesley 
Star; John M.; James S. ; Dollie, the wife of Fred Porter; Katharine, the wife 
of W. F. Hawks ; and Wilber, who is now operating the homestead farm, com- 
prising three hundred acres. The place is well improved with good and sub- 
stantial buildings and still belongs to Mrs. Bateman. 

Mr. Bateman was a faithful member of the Methodist Episcopal church, to 
which his widow also belongs, and his earnest Christian life won for him the 
confidence and high regard of all with whom he came in contact either in busi- 
ness or social life. He passed away in 1904 and was laid to rest in the Waits- 
burg cemetery. Mrs. Bateman has not only reared her own family but has 
also cared for five grandchildren, which she has educated as well. Her life has 
been a busy and useful one and she well merits the high esteem in which she is 
uniformly held. 



WILLIAM E. CAHILL. 

William E. Cahill, who is engaged in the abstract and general loan business 
in Dayton, was born in Green Lake county, Wisconsin, on the i8th of January, 
1862, his parents being William R. and Angeline C. (Church) Cahill, both of 
whom were natives of the state of New York, but in early life removed with 
their respective parents to Wisconsin, where they reached man and woman- 
hood. It was there that William R. Cahill and Angeline C. Church were mar- 
ried, after which they located upon a farm, Mr. Cahill devoting his attention 
to the development and improvement of that place until after the outbreak of 
the Civil war, when he responded to the country's call for troops, enlisting in 
the, Union army in the fall of 1861. He served for three years and participated 
in many hotly contested engagements. On one occasion he was carrying on his 
back from the field a wounded man when a shell burst near them and cut the 
man squarely in two and threw Mr. Cahill a distance of seventy-five feet, the 
concussion being so great that it burst both ear drums and partially paralyzed 
him, making him a physical wreck through the following years of his life. He 
passed away in 1890. In 1878 he had removed with his family to Columbia 
county, Washington, arriving in Dayton on the 4th of May of that year. He 
took up his abode upon a farm near Dayton, where he resided until about a year 
prior to his death, when he established his home in the city of Dayton. His 
widow still survives and now resides with her son, A. P. Cahill. 

William E. Cahill spent the first sixteen years of his life in his native state 
and during that period acquired a common school education in Wisconsin. In 
1878 he accompanied his parents to Washington and subsequently became a 
student in the Dayton high school. At the age of nineteen years he started upon 
his business career in a humble capacity, being employed to wheel sawdust from 
under the saw in a sawmill in the mountains near Dayton. Thirty days later 
he was promoted to the position of driving a bull team of five yoke of bulls at 
the sawmill. For three months during this summer he lived on red beans and 
sour dough bread and he carried fifty cents in his pocket for that entire period 



396 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

without having occasion to spend it. During the following winter he attended 
the Dayton high school and subsequently he took up the profession of teaching, 
which he followed for two years. During this time he saved enough money to 
pay his tuition in the Portland Business College, where he became a student. 
After completing his course in that institution he once more returned to Dayton 
and on the 4th of May, 1884, he accepted a clerkship in the mercantile house of 
M. Hexter, by whom he was employed for seven years, his long retention in 
that position indicating most clearly his fidelity, capability and trustworthiness. 
He resigned his position on the 4th of May, 1891, and opened a set of abstract 
books, since which time he has been engaged in the abstract and insurance busi- 
ness, also handling mortgage loans and acting as agent for various clients. He 
has built up a business of extensive proportions and derives therefrom a grati- 
fying annual income. He was also one of the organizers of the Broughton 
National Bank and became a member of the board of directors, in which capacity 
he is still serving. He has from time to time made extensive investments in 
farm lands and is now the owner of farm property comprising two thousand 
acres eight miles east of Dayton. 

Fraternally Mr. Cahill is connected with Columbia Lodge, No. 26, F. & A. 
M., of Dayton, and with Dayton Lodge, No. 3, K. P. He is loyal to the teach- 
ings and purposes of those organizations and enjoys the high regard of his 
brethren. Dayton numbers him among its foremost citizens and he is pro- 
gressive in every movement that looks to the advancement of the city and the 
upbuilding of its interests. There is no movement for the public good which 
seeks his aid in vain, but he never has been imbued with political ambition and 
prefers to do his public service as a private citizen. He has been an interested 
witness of the growth and development of this section of the state since pioneer 
times and has been a contributing factor to the work that has been accomplished 
in the way of promoting public improvement. Each forward step in his career 
has brought him a wider outlook and broader opportunities and his entire record 
has been marked by an orderly progression that has brought substantial 
results. 



HON. MILES CONWAY MOORE. 

Honored and respected by all, there is no man who occupies a more enviable 
position in public regard in Walla Walla than does Hon. Miles Conway Moore, 
the last territorial governor of Washington and now a prominent figure in bank- 
ing circles. His high position in the regard of his fellowmen is due not to the 
success which he has achieved but to the straightforward, honorable purpose 
which he has ever followed. He has made wise use of his time, his talents and 
his opportunities and in laboring to promote his individual interests has also 
advanced the welfare and progress of city and state at large. He is now the 
president of the Baker-Boyer National Bank. 

Mr. Moore was born in Muskingum county, Ohio, April 17, 1845. His 
father, Amos L. Moore, was a native of Delaware, while his mother belonged 
to the Monroe family of which President James Monroe was a representative 




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OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 399 

— one of the oldest and most prominent families of Virginia. At the age of 
twelve years Miles C. Moore accompanied his parents on their removal from 
Ohio to Wisconsin and he was educated in the Methodist Episcopal Institute at 
Point Bluff, Wisconsin. In 1863 he came to Walla Walla, then a youth of but 
eighteen years, and was first employed as a clerk in the store of Kyger & Reese. 
The following year he embarked in business on his own account in Blackfoot 
City, a mining town in Montana, but in the fall of 1866 he returned to Walla 
Walla and entered into partnership in the conduct of a store under the firm style 
of H. E. Johnson & Company. In 1869 he opened a general store as a member 
of the firm of Paine Brothers & Moore. This establishment was later converted 
into an agricultural implement business, which was the first of the kind in east- 
ern Washington. 

In 1877 Mr. Moore became associated with his father-in-law, Dr. D. S. Baker, 
in the grain business, buying extensively for those early days. They loaded three 
ships at Astoria with the first wheat brought from the interior of the state and 
continued in the wheat business until 1879. The partnership, however, was main- 
tained until the death of Dr. Baker in 1888, at which time Mr. Moore was made 
one of the administrators of the estate. Together they built six miles of rail- 
road up Mill creek in order to bring down timber and wood from the mountains. 
After Dr. Baker retired from the grain business Mr. Moore formed a partner- 
ship with his brother Charles and continued along that- -liite-u-nttl the death of his 
brother in 1888. They bought grain in the Palouse district and along Snake 
river. Our subject afterward devoted several' years' to public affairs and in 
1889 was chosen territorial governor of Washing-ton^ which .office he most ably 
filled. He was interested in the Baker & Boyer Bank, which was the first private 
bank established in this state, being organized in 1869 and made a national bank 
in 1889. Mr. Moore became a stockholder and the vice president, remaining in 
that position until the death of Mr. Boyer in 1898, when he succeeded to the 
presidency and still remains at the head of the institution, discharging his duties 
with marked capability. He possesses notable executive force and his adminis- 
trative direction has been characterized by a recognition of all the dift'erent 
phases of the business and its opportunities. He was likewise a stockholder in 
the First National Bank of Walla Walla and is extensively interested in real 
e.state in various parts of Washington, Oregon and Idaho. His investments have 
been most judiciously made and have brought to him a very gratifying financial 
return. 

In Walla Walla, in March, 1873, Mr. Moore was married to Miss Mary E. 
Baker, a daughter of Dr. D. S. Baker, who was born in Portland, Oregon. They 
are the parents of three children : Frank A., a resident of Walla Walla ; Walter 
B., deceased; and Robert L., also of Walla Walla. Mrs. Moore died in 1904 at 
Oakland, California, where she had gone with the hope of benefiting her health. 
In 1884 Mr. Moore purchased property and erected the residence which has since 
been his home and where his children grew up. 

Governor Moore early came to a recognition of the duties and obligations as 
well as of the privileges of citizenship and has been a leading factor in promoting 
political progress and in advancing the interests of his community and the com- 
monwealth along many lines. In 1877 he was elected mayor of Walla Walla and 
in 1889 was appointed governor, serving in that important position at the time 



400 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

when the territory was merging into statehood. The duties which devolved upon 
him in this connection were of a most dehcate and important character, but 
were discharged with credit and honor to himself and to the satisfaction of the 
people at large. No plan or movement for the benefit of the city along lines of 
]irogress and improvement seeks his aid in vain. The public work that he has 
clone has largely been of a nature that has brought no pecuniary reward and yet 
has made extensive demand upon his time, his thought and his energy. Oppor- 
tunities that others have passed by heedlessly he has noted and improved to the 
betterment of the city and the state in many ways. He is extremely modest and 
unostentatious in manner and all who know him speak of him in terms of praise. 
In his life are the elements of greatness because of the use he has made of his 
talents and his opportunities, because his thoughts are not self -centered but are 
given to the mastery of life's problems and the fulfillment of his duty as a man 
in his relations to his fellowman and as citizen in his relations to his city, state 
and country. 



J. C. LEWIS. 



J. C. Lewis, who has resided in the Pacific northwest for more than seventy 
years, is one of the most honored residents of Dayton. His birth occurred in 
Kentucky, February i, 1842, but when he was two years old he was taken by his 
parents to Missouri, where the family home was maintained for a year. In 
1845 they removed to the Willamette valley, the long trip across the plains 
being comparatively uneventful as there was no trouble with the Indians and 
no serious shortage of food or water. He grew to manhood in the Willamette 
valley and received his education in its pioneer schools. He remained in Oregon 
until the fall of 1869, when he came to Old Walla Walla county, \\'ashington. 
The following winter was spent on the site of the town of Dixie, which was not 
platted until a number of years later, but in the fall of 1870 he took up a home- 
stead in Columbia county eleven miles northeast of Dayton. He devoted his 
time and attention to the cultivation of his fields and the raising of stock and 
derived a gratifying annual income from the sale of his farm i)roducts. In 1898, 
feeling that he had accumulated a com])clence, he retired to Dayton, where he 
is still living. 

In 1864, in Oregon, Mr. Lewis was united in marriage to Miss Maria I.apham. 
who in the spring of 1853, when seven years of age, accomjjanied her parents 
and an elder sister on their removal from Michigan to the Willamette valley. 
Not only was the trip across the plains long and tedious, as the journey was made 
by ox team, but many misfortunes overtook the train, which, captained by a Mr. 
Eliott, attempted to reach the Willamette valley by a cut ofif route known as the 
"lost trail." As the result of the many hardships of the journey Mrs. Lapham 
died in eastern Oregon and the only cofifin available was the wagon box. Not long 
after this the party lost its way and all came very nearly perishing of thirst. They 
were also attacked by Indians and their cattle driven away and Mr. Lapham and 
his small daughters found themselves alone and afoot in the Deschutes country. 
Leaving the two little girls in camp with a little flour, the father set out in search 



> 



73 



I 



.^l 




OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 403 

of the cattle, hoping to find at least a few. During his absence a rescuing party 
found the girls and took them to the Willamette, Maria riding behind the captain 
of the party down the Mackenzie river. Mr. Lapman settled in Willamette 
valley and passed away in Dayton, Washington in 1901 at the age of ninety years. 
The older daughter died soon after reaching the family's destination but the 
younger, as before stated, became the wife of Mr. Lewis and is still living in 
Dayton. By her marriage she became the mother of six children, but only two 
daughters are now living: Mrs. Wilson McBride and Mrs. John A. McCauley. 
both of Columbia county. 

Mr. Lewis is a strong advocate of republican principles and supports the 
candidates of that party by his ballot. He served as county commissioner from 
1888 to 1892 and in 1906 was appointed to the board to fill out eighteen months 
of an unexpired term. Practically the entire story of the development of the 
northwest is a matter of personal knowledge to him, for when he accompanied 
his parents to Oregon the city of Portland had not been thought of and there 
were no settlements in the valley with the exception of Oregon City and a trading 
post at Salem. He has taken great pleasure in watching the marvelous changes 
that have since occurred and is confident that a still greater future is in store 
for this section. At all times his attitude has been that of a public-spirited citizen 
willing to subordinate private interests to the general good and performing faith- 
fully all the duties devolving upon him. Both he and his wife have hosts of 
friends in Dayton and throughout Columbia cc)unty,'and the leisure which they 
are enjoying is well merited. 



LAWRENCE O. McINROE. 

Lawrence O. Mclnroe is the owner of one of the well improved farms of 
Walla Walla county, his place being situated on section 34, township 8 north, 
range 36 east, where he has four hundred and forty-two acres of rich and valu- 
able land. He is one of the native sons of the county, his birth having occurred 
within its borders December 29, 1874. His parents were James and Cordelia 
(Nelson) Mclnroe, the former a native of the state of New York, while the 
latter was born in Iowa, where their marriage was celebrated. The father 
crossed the plains in the year 1852, assisting Mr. Sharpstein in bringing a herd 
of horses across the country. He remained for some time but afterward re- 
turned to Iowa and it was subsequent to that event that he was married. The 
spell of the west, however, was upon him and soon after his marriage he 
brought his bride to Walla Walla county. Here he took up a homestead and 
later he purchased more land, becoming actively and prominently identified with 
agricultural interests. Adding to his possessions from time to time, he was at 
his death the owner of eight hundred and eighty acres of valuable wheat land 
and was numbered among the prosperous farmers of this section of the state. 
Both he and his wife died in this county. In their family were but two sons, 
the younger being Frank, who now resides southeast of Walla Walla. 

Lawrence O. Mclnroe was reared and educated in the county where he 
still resides, supplementing his public school course by study in a business col- 



404 OLD WALLA \\'ALLA COUNTY 

lege. After attaining his majority he began farming on his own account on the 
land which he now owns. He had been reared to the occupation of farming 
and had early become familiar with the best methods of tilling the soil and 
caring for the crops. He has always kept in close touch with the trend of 
modern progress along agricultural lines and his valuable farm property of four 
hundred and forty-two acres indicates his careful supervision and his progres- 
sive methods. He has added splendid buildings to his place and all modern 
equijjments and improvements. He makes a specialty of raising wheat, to 
which the soil is splendidly adapted, and he is also successfully engaged in stock 
raising, keeping high grade cattle, horses and hogs upon his farm. 

In 1902 Air. Alclnroe was united in marriage to Miss Zenna Buroker, a 
native of Walla Walla county and a daughter of William and May (Gallaher) 
Ruroker. Mr. Mclnroe belongs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
his wife is connected with the Rebekahs. He is also a member of the Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks. His political allegiance is given to the demo- 
cratic party but he has never sought nor desired office. He and his wife attend 
the Presbyterian church and they are widely and favorably known in the com- 
munity where they reside. Since starting out in the business world he has made 
steady progress. His industry and perseverance are among his salient charac- 
teristics and upon these qualities he has builded his success. He is not only 
progressive in all that he undertakes but is thoroughly reliable and his business 
integrity stands as an unquestioned fact in his career. 



SAMUEL WALTERS. 



Samuel Walters, a well known merchant and assistant postmaster of Star- 
buck, Washington, was bom in Australia on the 24th of May, 1869, his parents 
being John T. and Elizabeth (Neil) Walters. His father was a native of 
Pennsylvania but in 1853 went to Australia, where he was married, the mother 
being of Scotch descent but born in Australia. They continued to reside in that 
country until 1871 when they came to the United States and took up their 
abode in Iowa, where they made their home for nine years. In 1880 they 
arrived in Walla Walla county, Washington, but after living here for about 
three years removed to Whitman county and later to Stevens county, where 
their last days were passed. To them were born eight children and six of the 
number still survive. 

Samuel Walters was only two years of age when his father returned to 
America, bringing with him his family, and the son was principally educated 
in the common and high schools of Whitman county, Washington. After putting 
aside his textbooks he entered the service of a railroad company and continued 
in that line of work for six years. In 1910 he came to Starbuck and has since 
engaged in mercantile pursuits, carrj-ing on business under the name of the 
Starbuck Trading Company, of which he is secretary and treasurer. He is a 
progressive, energetic business man of sound judgment and keen discrimination. 

Mr. Walters was married in 1908 to Miss Alberta Gerking, of Waitsburg, 
Washington, and to them has been born a daughter, Elizabeth. Mrs. Walters is 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 405 

a member of the Episcopal church, and Mr. Walters is identified with the Wood- 
men of the World and the Masonic fraternity, holding membership in Lodge 
No. io6, A. F. & A. M., in which he has filled all the chairs. The democratic 
party finds in him a stanch supporter of its principles and he is now serving as 
chairman of his precinct. For the past five years he has served as city treasurer 
of Starbuck and is also filling the position of assistant postmaster. No trust 
reposed in him has ever been betrayed in the slightest degree and he well merits 
the confidence of his fellow citizens. 



JOHN BLESSINGER. 



For more than forty-two years John Blessinger was a resident of Columbia 
county and was one of its most esteemed citizens, manifesting throughout his 
entire life those sterling traits of character which in every land and clime 
awaken confidence and regard. He was born in Pennsylvania on the 8th of 
March, 1838, and when he was but a young child accompanied his parents on 
their removal to Hancock county, Indiana. It was there that he was reared 
to early manhood and in the common schools of that locality he acquired his 
education. About 1859, however, he left the middle west and made his way 
to the Pacific coast, settling in the Willamette valley near Salem, Oregon. Dur- 
ing the following ten years or more he devoted his attention to mining and then 
came northward to Washington, arriving in Dayton on the ist of November, 
1872. This section was then a largely undeveloped and unimproved district. 
He purchased land and turned his attention to farming, his home ranch being 
located about five miles east of Dayton. It comprised six hundred and forty 
acres of rich .and productive land and he developed it into one of the most 
valuable wheat farms of Columbia county. The soil is splendidly adapted to the 
production of that crop and Mr. Blessinger's methods were at once practical 
and progressive. In addition to that property he owned other land and was 
classed among the county's most successful and enterprising farmers. His 
labors brought splendid results and his methods constituted the last word in pro- 
gressive agriculture. About 1900 he removed to Dayton, turning over the opera- 
tion of his farm to his sons, and he then became one of the organizers of the 
Broughton National Bank, of which he was made a member of the board of 
directors. 

On the 2ist of April, 1872, Mr. Blessinger was united in marriage to Miss 
Harriet Byrd, of Marion county, Oregon, a daughter of Luther Byrd, who 
crossed the plains with ox teams from Arkansas to Oregon in 1854 or 1855. He 
took up his abode in Marion county, that state, and there engaged in farming to 
the time of his death. Mr. and Mrs. Blessinger became the parents of seven 
children, five of whom survive, as follows : John B., who follows farming in 
Columbia county, Washington ; Albert E., who is an agriculturist of Columbia 
county and resides in Dayton ; Myrtle, at home ; Leo, who is engaged in farming 
in Columbia county; and Fred, who operates the home place. 

Mrs. Blessinger resides in a comfortable home in Dayton, her husband having 
left her in easy financial circumstances. She is a devoted member of the Congre- 



■10(i OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

gational church and her aid and influence are always given on the side of re- 
form and progress. She is a member of the Halpine Society and is also a mem- 
ber of the Red Cross Society. She is a lady of culture and refinement and is 
constantly extending a helping hand where aid is needed, taking a most active 
part in charitable work. Mr. Blessinger was numbered among the esteemed citi- 
zens of Dayton, being a man of sterling character, and when death called him 
the deepest regret was felt throughout the community in which he lived. 



HENRY F. WATROUS. 

Prominent among the self-made men of Columbia county is Henry F. Watrous, 
whose life has been principally devoted to agricultural pursuits, and success has 
attended his well directed efforts. He was born in Green county, Wisconsin, 
January 26, 1848, his parents being Levi W. and Elmira (Fish) Watrous, natives 
of Canada and Ohio, respectively. On leaving the Dominion the father removed 
to Wisconsin, where he was married and where he continued to make his home 
until 1850. The following five years were spent in' Iowa but at the end of that 
time he went to Minnesota, whtre he lived for the same length of time. He 
then returned to Iowa and in 1875 cam'e'to Washington, settling in Old Walla 
Walla county. He took up a soldier's clajm of one hundred and sixty acres a 
mile and a half from Dayton and built thereon .a: box house, making his home 
upon that place until the required'Tmprovements were made ; he then sold the 
farm and brought his family here. There were eleven children and nine of the 
number are still living. 

During his boyhood Henry F. Watrous accompanied his parents on their 
various removals but was principally reared and educated in Iowa, attending the 
common schools there. At an early age he began earning his own livelihood by 
working as a farm hand at seventeen dollars per month and was thus employed 
for two years, during which time he saved enough money to come west. It was 
in 1871 that he crossed the continent to Salt Lake City, which was then the 
terminus of the railroad, and from there continued his journey on horseback in 
company with an uncle and his family who rode in a wagon. On reaching 
Dayton, Washington, he found employment on a farm at four hundred dollars 
per year and at the end of that time was able to send for his father. After the 
latter's arrival they contracted to purchase a sawmill near the mouth of Jim 
creek, agreeing to pay for the plant with lumber, which was the principal 
medium of exchange in those days. Whenever enough clear lumber had been 
cut to warrant a trip to Walla Walla, Henry Watrous would start with a load 
drawn by oxen and would sell the same for thirty-five to forty dollars per 
thousand. After operating the mill for four years it was traded for the farm 
still owned by our subject but he has added to the original tract until he now 
owns nine hundred and fifty acres of land, all improved and devoted to wheat. 
Lentil 1914 he operated his land but has since rented the place and is now living 
retired in Dayton, where he owns a fine residence. He is a stockholder in a grain 
warehouse there and is today one of the prosperous citizens of the community. 

In 100,^ Mr. Watrous married Miss Sadie Williams, a native of Missouri, 



THE NEW YORK 
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OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 411 

.ind although they have no children of their own they have an adopted daughter, 
Bonnie. Mr. Watrous is a member of the Odd Fellows Lodge, No. lo, of Day- 
ton, and is a republican in politics. He has efficiently served as a member of 
the school board but has never had the time nor inclination for office, his business 
affairs claiming his undivided attention. Although he has met with hardships 
and difficulties in his career he has overcome these by persistent eilort and is 
today one of the substantial citizens of his community, his success being the just 
reward of his industry and good management, for he is a man of excellent busi- 
ness ability and sound judgment. 



E. F. DUNLAP. 



E. F. Dunlap holds the responsible position of manager of the Dayton 
plant of the Portland Flouring Mills Company and throughout his entire career 
has been connected with this corporation, entering its service in the humble 
capacity of office boy. From that point he has steadily worked his way upward 
and his orderly progression has brought him to the position which he now 
occupies and for which he is well qualified, for as the years have gone on he 
has gained comprehensive and extensive knowledge of the business in all of its 
phases. He is numbered among the native sons of Oregon, his birth having 
occurred in Wallowa county, on the 5th of October, 1887, his parents being 
Robert C. and Mary E. (Pool) Dunlap, both of whom are natives of the Willa- 
mette valley of Oregon, their respective parents having been among the earliest 
settlers of that section of the country. Following their marriage they estab- 
lished their home in Wallowa county, where the father engaged in the live stock 
business, there remaining until 1898, when he removed to Walla Walla county, 
Washington. He took up his abode upon a ranch near Prescott and is here 
engaged in operating a hay and dairy farm, being numbered among the repre- 
sentative agriculturists of this section of the state. 

E. F. Dunlap, spending his boyhood days under the parental roof, acquired 
his education in the graded schools and in 1902, when a youth of fifteen, started 
upon his business career, securing a position as office boy in the plant of the Port- 
land Flouring Mills Company at Prescott, Washington. His fidelity, ability and 
trustworthiness led to promotion and he was afterward made assistant book- 
keeper. In 1908 he was transferred to the Dayton mills as bookkeeper and in 1913 
he was returned to Prescott as local manager of the plant. On the ist of May, 
1917, he was again sent to Dayton as manager of the mills, in which capacity 
he is now serving and as the controlling factor in the operation of the plant here 
he is doing splendid work for the company. The latest processes of flour manu- 
facture are utilized here and the plant is splendidly equipped, while the standard 
of excellence is ever fully maintained. 

In 191 3 Mr. Dunlap was united in marriage to Miss Susan Weatherford, a 
daughter of F. M. Weatherford, of whom extended mention is made elsewhere 
in this work. In his political views Mr. Dunlap maintains an independent atti- 
tude with republican tendencies. He belongs to Alki Lodge, No. 136, I. O. O. F., 
and also to Whetstone Lodge, No. 157, K. P., of Prescott. He is one of Day- 
voi. n — 16 



412 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

ton's representative and progressive men. Almost his entire life has been passed 
in Washington and the spirit of western enterprise finds exemplification in his 
career and has gained for him a substantial measure of success. 



W. H. STONECIPHER. 

W. H. Stonecipher, who follows farming on section lo, township 8 north, 
range 37 east, in Walla Walla county, is a representative business man whose 
wise use of time and opportunities has gained for him a place among the pros- 
perous agriculturists of this part of the state. He had no assistance at the out- 
set of his career and whatever he has achieved and enjoyed is the direct result 
of his own labors. He came to the Pacific coast country from the middle west, 
his birth having occurred in Washington county, Illinois, December 29, 1869, 
his parents being James A. and Margaret (Breeze) Stonecipher. The father 
was a native of Indiana but removed to Jefferson county, Illinois, with his 
parents when but two years of age and it was in the latter county that jthe 
mother was born and reared. They were there married and the father subse- 
quently purchased a farm just over the county line in Washington county, 
where he lived until his seventieth year, when he returned to Jefferson county, 
taking up his abode in the town of Cravat, where he lived retired in the enjoy- 
ment of well earned rest up to the time of his demise. 

W. H. Stonecipher acquired a limited education in the district schools near 
his father's farm and through the period of his boyhood and youth aided in the 
work of the fields, early becoming familiar with all of the arduous tasks incident 
to the development and cultivation of the crops. After reaching his twenty- 
first year, or in the spring of 1891, he came to the west with Washington as 
his destination. He arrived in Waitsburg on the 13th of March and during 
the following summer worked for wages as a farm hand. In 1892 he went into 
the Palouse country and there prospected for a desirable location. Not finding 
anything to suit him, however, he returned to Walla Walla county and through 
the succeeding five years was again employed by others. In 1896 he made his 
first purchase of land, becoming the owner of a forty-acre tract. Not long 
afterward he acquired eighty acres additional and two years later he bought 
one hundred and twenty acres making his farm one of two hundred and forty 
acres. For some years he not only cultivated this land but also worked 
for wages for others in order to help pay for his own place. He made 
use of every spare hour and as a consequence he has prospered. In 
1909 he purchased the Electric Farm of five hundred and fifty acres. Prior to 
this, or in 1907, he had purchased the Boley Robbins farm of four hundred and 
eighty acres, which he traded in on the Electric Farm in 1909. In 1913 he 
traded the latter property for seven hundred and thirteen acres adjoining his 
home place, which thus was extended, becoming a tract of nine hundred and 
fifty-three acres. It is located in the heart of the Spring valley district, the 
richest wheat growing belt of Walla Walla county. Mr. Stonecipher not only 
successfully cultivates this land but for the past fourteen years he has also 
rented and farmed the T. P. Ingalls place of seven hundred and four acres. 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 413 

This property he purchased in December, 1917, and he therefore now owns 
one thousand six hundred and fifty-seven acres, his interests being most exten- 
sive, so that he is ranked with the leading agriculturists of Walla Walla county. 
He has closely studied soil and climatic conditions, so that he is thoroughly 
acquainted with what can be done in the way of crop production here. His 
methods are most progressive, his business affairs are systematically handled 
and in all things he displays sound judgment as well as unfaltering enterprise. 

In 1895 Mr. Stonecipher was united in marriage to Miss Alta Winifred 
Gerking, a daughter of D. B. Gerking, who was one of the pioneer settlers of 
Walla Walla county and now resides in Rose Lake, Idaho. Mr. and Mrs. Stone- 
cipher have become the parents of six children, three sons and three daughters, 
as follows: Lola M., the wife of O. Glen Conover, who is in the service of his 
father-in-law ; Grace H., who attended the Washington State College for two 
years and is now pursuing her studies in the State Normal School at Ellens- 
burg; James D., who is in his senior year in the Waitsburg high school; M. 
Blanche, a public school pupil ; Harvey V. ; and Chester B. On December 23, 
191 7, a baby daughter was bom to Mr. and Mrs. Glen Conover, the first grand- 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Stonecipher. 

Mr. Stonecipher gives his political endorsement to the republican party. He 
has served as a member of the school board for twenty years and his wife is 
now a member of that board. Fraternally he is connected with Waitsburg Lodge, 
No. 5, I. O. O. F., and with the Woodmen of the World and is true and loyal 
to the teachings of these organizations, which recognize man's obligations to his 
fellowmen. At different points in his career difficulties and obstacles have barred 
his path and he has had many hardships to overcome, but persistent energy 
has enabled him to work his way upward and his life proves the eternal prin- 
ciple that industry wins. His course may well be followed by others who desire 
to attain honorable success, and although he started out in life empty-handed, 
he is now the possessor of a very handsome competence and has worthily won 
the proud American title of a "self-made man." 



WILLIAM P. FISHER. 



William P. Fisher is an enterprising farmer of Walla Walla county, resid- 
ing on section 27, Small township, where he owns and cultivates a valuable 
tract of land embracing eighty acres. His birth occurred in Ohio on the 6th 
of October, 1S60, his parents being Joseph and Lydia E. (Dyke) Fisher, the 
former a native of Virginia and the latter of Ohio. They were married in 
the Buckeye state and a number of years later removed to Kansas, where the 
father passed away and where the mother still makes her home. They became 
the parents of five children, all of whom are living. 

William P. Fisher was a lad of twelve years when the family home was 
established in Kansas and it was in that state that he acquired his education. 
In 1900. seeking the broader opportunities of the west, he made his way to the 
Yakima country and there remained for twelve years. The year 191 5 wit- 
nessed his arrival in Walla Walla county, Washington, where he has since 



414 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

resided. He purchased eighty acres of land on section 27, Small township, and 
has improved the property until it is now a valuable and productive tract, 
annually yielding golden harvests in return for the care and labor which he 
bestows upon it. He also owns a well improved farm of one hundred and 
sixty-five acres on the Snake river and has won a place among the substantial 
and progressive agriculturists of the community. 

In 1881 Mr. Fisher was united in marriage to Miss Martha L. Twidwell, 
born near Peoria, Illinois, and a daughter of A. K. and Mary Ann (Myers) 
Twidwell, who were also natives of Illinois. Both passed away in Kansas, in 
which state they had established their home in the early '70s. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Fisher have been born seven children, as follows: Charles L., who is a farmer 
of Washington ; George L., living at Mabton, this state ; Myrtle V., the wife of 
L. B. Heftron, of Walla Walla; R. B., who is a resident of Grandview, Wash- 
ington; Nina B., who is the wife of H. P. Mears, of Touchet, Washington; 
D. O., who is engaged in farming; and W. F., who operates his father's farm. 
Mr. Fisher gives his political allegiance to the republican party and has ably 
served as a member of the school board. Both he and his wife are devoted 
members of the Christian church, taking an active and helpful part in its work. 
They have an extensive circle of friends throughout the locality and are widely 
recognized as people of genuine personal worth. 



JAMES L. DUMAS. 



Among the horticulturists of southeastern Washington who have won promi- 
nence in their chosen calling is James L. Dumas, one of the pioneer orchardists of 
the northwest. He is proprietor of the famous Pomona Fruit Ranch, five miles 
west of Dayton, Washington, which contains an orchard of one hundred and 
twenty acres of commercial apples. His home is one of the most beautiful country 
residences in Columbia county and the place is provided with all city conveniences. 

Mr. Dumas was born in Clark county, Missouri, on the ist of December, 1862, 
and is a son of Louis P. and Nancy W. (Waggener) Dumas, the former a native 
of Kentucky and the latter of Virginia. Both parents died in Missouri, where 
they made their home for some years, and of the five sons born to them only 
two are now living. 

James L. Dumas grew to manhood in his native state and on leaving there 
in 1S82 came to Washington, where he attended Whitman College for three years. 
Several years were then devoted to teaching and he subsequently pursued a 
course in a normal school in New York state, from which he was graduated in 
1891. The following year he was sent to the Hawaiian islands to conduct a 
teachers training school and he remained in that beautiful country for five years. 

It was while en route to the Hawaiian islands that Mr. Dumas made a trip 
through the fruit districts of California and this undoubtedly influenced him to 
take up horticulture on coming to Washington. Thus originated the Commercial 
apple industry in the Touchet valley. On his return to this state in 1897 Mr. 
Dumas purchased his present farm of two hundred and forty acres in Columbia 
county and he now has about half of that amount in apples, from which he has 



Ew yorp: 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 417 

raised on an average of thirty-four thousand one hundred boxes of apples in the 
last ten years. In the fall of 191 7 he harvested over forty thousand boxes of 
apples. 

In 1888 Mr. Dumas married Miss Fannie J. Storie, a native of New York, 
in which state her parents, Kennedy and Isabel Storie, both died. Mr. and Mrs. 
Dumas have four children, namely: Loren F., who is a graduate of the Wash- 
ington State College ; Mabel, a student at the Bellingham Normal School ;. Alura, 
who is attending high school ; and Edwin, now seven years of age. 

Mr. and Mrs. Dumas are members of the Congregational church of Dayton 
and he is one of its trustees. In politics he is an ardent republican and has 
served as a delegate to the state conventions of that party. Fraternally he is 
identified with the Masons and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows but his 
chief interest is in the apple industry and he has taken a very active and prominent 
part in the work of those organizations designed to promote horticulture. He 
has served as president of the Washington State Horticultural Society and as 
such did much to improve the orchards of the northwest. The society never had 
a more active head or one who took the same impartial interest in all fruit growing 
districts of this section. He has made two trips to the nation's capital in the 
interest of the northwestern growers. A lover of the great outdoors, it was but 
natural that he should be among the first to join the "back-to-the-farm" move- 
ment in this country and as a representative of the Washington State Country 
Life Commission he has addressed thousands of interested people in the north- 
west. Mr. Dumas is vice president of the Broughton National Bank. He has 
served on the state board of education and is a member of the American Pomologi- 
cal Society; the Society for the Promotion of Horticultural Science; the National 
Educational Association ; and the American Genetic Society. He has been super- 
intendent of the Dayton schools and the public schools of Pullman and was the 
honored president of the Washington State Educational Association. In 191 5 he 
was elected one of the five members of the executive board of the American 
Pomological Society. It will thus be seen that he has been prominently identified 
with a number of organizations whose object has been to promote the welfare 
of this region along many lines and he well deser\'es mention among its most 
public-spirited and progressive citizens. 



R. W. LOUNDAGIN, D. V. M. 

Dr. R. W. Loundagin, who is engaged in the practice of veterinary surgery 
in Waitsburg, was born in Benton, Arkansas, December 28, 1859, a son of 
George W. and Rhoda J. (Stewart) Loundagin. The father was a native of 
Tennessee and the mother's birth occurred in Indiana. They removed to 
Arkansas with their respective parents and were married later in that state. In 
April, 1861, they left Little Rock, Arkansas, for the Pacific coast country, cross- 
ing the plains with ox teams. They were en route for six months and at length 
arrived in Walla Walla, Washington, about the ist of October. They camped in 
the shadow of the fort for three or four weeks, after which Mr. Loundagin 
rented a small place of forty acres from an old man of the name of Massey. 



il8 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Upon that tract Mr. Loundagin spent the winter and followed farming. In the 
following summer he purchased a quit claim deed from W. P. Bruce on a quarter 
section about a mile and a half south of Waitsburg. This was in the Coppei 
valley. He paid Mr. Bruce two thousand dollars to move off the claim and 
Mr. Loundagin filed on the property as a homestead. In the years following 
he purchased land adjoining and continued to add to his possessions until his 
holdings comprised one thousand acres, constituting one of the most valuable 
wheat farms in Walla Walla county. He also owned other lands throughout 
the county, his holdings amounting together between four and five thousand 
acres. He was one of the first men to demonstrate that wheat could be suc- 
cessfully grown on the hills and uplands, and in proving this fact he contributed 
much to the development and prosperity of the county, as many followed his 
example and now the Walla W'alla wheat belt is famous throughout the country. 
Mr. Loundagin continued to reside upon the old home farm up to within seven 
years of his death, when he removed to W^aitsburg, turning over the operations 
of his farm to a son. He passed away about 1910, having for five years sur- 
vived his wife. In their deaths the county lost two of its representative and 
valued pioneer people. 

R. A\'. Loundagin was only about two years of age when brought by his 
family to the northwest. He acquired a district school education and through 
the period of his boyhood and youth worked with his father, to whom he con- 
tinued to render active assistance until 1883. He then embarked in business on 
his own account, purchasing a livery stable in Waitsburg. The following year, 
however, he sold that property and again resumed active connection with agri- 
cultural interests, purchasing four hundred and eighty acres of railroad land 
two and a half miles north of Bolles Junction, for which he paid five dollars per 
acre. He lived upon that farm and kept bachelor's hall for eighteen years, after 
which he sold the property at ten dollars per acre, which w?as all that he could 
get at that time. Recently, however, the farm sold for seventy dollars per acre. 
While residing upon that tract of land Mr. Loundagin purchased one hundred 
and sixty acres in Columbia county, in the Hog Eye valley, four and a half miles 
east of Waitsburg. Most of that land is devoted to alfalfa and is very valuable. 
Mr. Loundagin still owns that farm property and from it derives a gratifying 
annual income. 

From his youth Dr. Loundagin was deeply interested in horses, and by reason 
of the successful manner in which he treated his own horses when they needed 
medical attention, he was called upon to treat his neighbors' horses. As these 
calls became more frequent he began to read and study recognized works on 
veterinary surgery, including such authorities as Professor Fleming, A. H. 
Baker, Professor James A. Lawe, A. C. Copeland and others. His practice 
in time became a very large one and today he is classed among the ablest 
veterinary surgeons in southeastern Washington. In njog he built a modern 
veterinary hospital, which was the first private institution of this kind built in 
the state. It proved a financal success and his practice has continuously and 
successfully increased to the present time. 

In 1902 Dr. Loundagin was married to Miss Albertina Smith, of Hanford, 
California. He votes with the democratic party and keeps well informed on the 
questions and issues of the day. He has never been an office seeker. Both he 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 419 

and his wife hold membership in the Christian church and are loyal to its teach- 
ings and its principles. His life has been an active and useful one and he has 
made steady progress in the held of his chosen profession and his other fields 
of endeavor, and his ability, industry and thoroughness have brought him a 
substantial measure of success. 



OSCAR E. KING. 



Farming interests in Columbia county find a worthy representative in Oscar 
E. King, a well known agriculturist who owns and cultivates a valuable property 
on section 9, township 1 1 north, range 40 east. He was born on the farm where 
he now resides, February 15, 1871, his parents being William B. and Elizabeth 
(Cantonwine) King, the former a native of Indiana, while the latter was born in 
Iowa. The father crossed the plains to the Pacific coast as a young man, mak- 
ing his way to California in 1852. There he was employed for a time in survey 
work and subsequently he conducted the Woodville House, a well known hostelry 
situated on the Rabbit Creek road, about forty miles from Marysville, California. 
In 1855 he returned to the east by way of the Isthmus route, but the lure of the 
west was upon him and again by way of the Isthmus route he made his way to 
the Pacific coast. In those days hay was worth eighty dollars per ton and Mr. 
King brought with him six hundred pounds of Hungarian grass seed, expecting 
to make a small fortune in the growing of hay. The following season, how- 
ever was one of drought and, failing to raise a crop, his funds were exhausted 
in the venture and his season's work amounted to naught. In 1862 he came to 
Walla Walla county, arriving in the city of Walla Walla on the 4th of July. 
He then went up into the Idaho mines, but not meeting with success, he re- 
tracted his steps and spent the winter in Oregon. In the spring of 1863 he 
again came to Walla Walla and the following spring took a sub-contract under 
Captain Mullen to carry the mail from Walla Walla to Colville. He took the 
mail on horseback and remained as mail carrier for two years and nine months. 
His employer, Captain Mullen, becoming involved in financial difficulties, Mr. 
King was unable to collect a cent for his services for the entire period. Later 
he secured the mail contract direct from the government and operated a stage 
line from Walla Walla to Lewiston for four years. In 1867 he turned his 
attention to agricultural pursuits, purchasing his farm on the Tucanon river 
in Columbia county, and in 1868 he settled upon his land, while at the same 
time he continued to operate his stage line with hired help. He was thus 
closely and prominently associated with the work of early development and 
improvement in this section of the northwest. His wife had crossed the plains 
with her parents in 1863, the family having as their outfit both ox and mule 
teams. Mrs. King was then a young girl in her teens and drove the mule team 
throughout the entire journey across the plains. The Cantonwine family spent 
the winter of 1863-4 in the Willamette valley of Oregon and in the spring of 
the latter year came to Washington, where they took up a homestead near the 
present site of Dixie, and later Mr. Cantonwine built the first hotel in Waits- 
burg, his daughter, Mrs. King, acting as cook for the few boarders who 



420 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

patronized the house in that early period. After locating on his farm William 
B. King took up a homestead of one hundred and sixty acres adjoining his 
original place and in subsequent years he and his sons in partnership bought 
other farm lands until their holdings approximated two thousand acres. Mr. 
King was thus actively, prominently and successfully identified with the agri- 
cultural development of the county until his death, which occurred April 12, 
iQii. His widow survived him for but a brief period, passing away on the 
nth of March, 1912. In their family were four sons and three daughters who 
are yet living, as follows: Harry and Edwin S., well known farmers of 
Columbia county, Washington; Oscar E., of this review; Silas L., a resident of 
Pomeroy, Washington ; Zorah L, who is the widow of R. A. Jackson and resides 
in Dayton ; .Mice, who gave her hand in marriage to Henry Delaney, a farmer 
of Columbia county; and Frankie G., the wife of A. P. Cahill, who is a banker 
of Dayton, Washington. 

Oscar E. King pursued his early education in the country schools and sup- 
plemented it by a business course in the Portland Business College. After 
reaching adult age he joined his brothers and his father in their extensive 
farming operations, and following the father's death the sons continued to 
cooperate in their farming enterprises until 191 5, when the partnership was 
dissolved and a division of their holdings was made. Oscar E. King now owns 
five hundred and fifty-six acres of valuable land and is one of the substantial 
farmers of the Tucanon valley. His business affairs have been carefully 
managed and directed and his unfaltering enterprise and unremitting diligence 
liave brought to him a substantial measure of success. In his political views 
he is an earnest republican but has never been an office seeker, and he is widely 
known as one of the influential citizens of Columbia county. 



B. F. BREWER. 



B. F. Brewer is one of the most prominent farmers of Walla Walla county, 
living on township 6, range 36 east. He is the president of the Farmers Union 
and occupies a foremost position as a representative of that progressiveness 
which has largely revolutionized farming methods in the past quarter of a cen- 
tury. Moreover, his labors have demonstrated the possibilities of this section for 
agricultural development and have contributed much to the wealth of the district. 

Mr. Brewer was born November 2, 1879, on the farm where he now lives, a 
son of John F. Brewer, who is mentioned elsewhere in this work. He was 
reared on the old homestead and pursued a public school education, attending the 
high schools of Walla Walla and Seattle, while later he became a student in the 
State Agricultural College at Pullman. Following the completion of his course 
he entered the First National Bank of Walla Walla as bookkeeper and for four 
years was identified with that institution. Upon his father's death he took charge 
of the home farm and has since operated it. He is now cultivating this place of 
five hundred and twenty acres and he and his mother own conjointly a farm of 
seventeen hundred and eighty acres, which they purchased in 1908. His farming 
interests are thus extensive and are conducted according to the most progressive 




B. F. BREWER 




MRS. B. F. BREWER 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 425 

methods. He has the latest improved machinery to facilitate the work of the 
fields and he understands the scientific principles that underlie all of his activi- 
ties. In his work, however, it is definitely seen that he is a man of action rather 
than of theory and sound judgment directing his labors, has brought splendid 
results. 

On May 25, 1904, Mr. Brewer was united in marriage to Miss Harriet Chew, 
a daughter of H. C. Chew, one of the pioneer nurserymen of Walla Walla 
county, now deceased. To Air. and Mrs. Brewer have been bom two children 
but only one is living, Mary Charlotte. 

Mr. and Mrs. Brewer are worthy Christian people whose belief actuates 
them in all life's relations. Mr. Brewer belongs to the Presbyterian church, while 
his wife is a member of the First Methodist church. His political allegiance is 
given to the democratic party and he is thoroughly informed concerning the 
issues and questions of the day but has never taken an active part in party work. 
He has served as secretary of the Farmers Union and during the past two years 
has been president of the organization. When the Farmers Agency was estab- 
lished he was made its first manager and served in that important capacity for 
three years, but his private interests demanded his entire attention and he there- 
fore resigned his position. He does everything in his power to promote the 
welfare and interests of the agriculturist and in all that he does is actuated by 
a spirit of enterprise that produces splendid results. He is a man of sound 
business judgment, sagacious and farsighted, and his well defined plans are 
carried forward to successful completion. 



WILLIAM GOODYEAR. 

William Goodyear, a prosperous business man of Starbuck, dealing in wood 
and coal, was born on the nth of March, 1853, '" Canada, and is a son of 
Thomas and Mary (Hynes) Goodyear, the former a native of England and the 
latter of Ireland. On crossing the Atlantic to the new world in 1833 they 
settled on a farm in Canada and continued to make it their home until their 
deaths. They had a family of ten children of whom seven survive. 

Reared in the Dominion, William Goodyear is indebted to its schools for 
the education he enjoyed during his boyhood and youth. On leaving home 
in 1870 he went to Fort Scott, Kansas, where he spent a short time, but later 
in the same year crossed the plains, driving four cows to a covered wagon. On 
reaching Salt Lake City he hired out to a Mormon bishop, and subsequently 
he went to Idaho, where he was interested in a sawmill for twelve years. In 
1883 Mr. Goodyear came to Old Walla Walla county, Washington, and for 
two years drove cattle from here to Cheyenne, Wyoming. Later he bought 
and sold horses and also engaged in farming until 1903, when he sold out and 
removed to Starbuck, which has since been his home. He owns considerable 
property in the village, being extensively engaged in the real estate business, 
and also deals in wood and coal. 

Mr. Goodyear was married in 1902 to Miss Emma Woods, a native of 



426 OLD N\'ALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Missouri, and having no children of their own they are now rearing a boy, 
Richard ,H. W'ellman by name who is a grand nephew of Mrs. Goodyear. 

Mrs. Goodyear is serving as postmistress of Starbuck and is a lady of more 
than ordinary business ability. She is a member of the Eastern Star and Mr. 
Goodyear holds membership in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He 
has tilled all the chairs in his lodge and is a stanch democrat in politics. Since 
coming to the United States he has steadily prospered in his business under- 
takings until he has become one of the well-to-do citizens of his community 
and the success that has come to him is due entirely to his own well directed 
eiTorts. 



W. E. McKINNEY. 



W. E. McKinney, the well known proprietor of the jNIcKinney Auto Com- 
pany of Waitsburg, was born in Walla Walla county, about a mile from Waits- 
burg, on the 6th of April, 1868. His father, William McKinney, is a retired 
farmer living in Waitsburg. He was one of the early pioneer settlers of the 
northwest country and through many years was closely and prominently asso- 
ciated with the agricultural development and the upbuilding of this section". He 
was born in Warren county, Indiana, May 5, 1836, and is a son of William and 
Ann (Walter) McKinney, who crossed the plains with ox teams to Oregon 
in 1845. On their arrival in that state they settled in Washington county, near 
Hillsboro, and their later years were spent in Oregon. Their son, William 
McKinney, was a lad of but nine years at the time they crossed the plains 
and thus he was reared on the western frontier and early became familiar with 
all of the experiences, hardships and privations which fall to the lot of the 
pioneer settler. In 1855-6 he served as a member of Company A under Colonel 
Kelly and later under Colonel Cornelius in the Indian war. He spent the 
winter of those two years in Walla Walla, which was then a far western frontier 
fort. In 1856 he returned to Oregon and was employed on his father's farm 
until 1858, when he made his way up to The Dalles with the intention of going 
on to Walla Walla in order to homestead in that locality. He was told, how- 
ever, that the country was not yet open for settlement and he therefore re- 
turned to the vicinity of Portland, Oregon, where he spent the winter. The 
following spring he made his way northward as a member of the state boundary 
survey as government packer and in the fall of 1859 he came to Walla Walla 
county to locate and has since resided in this section of the state. In 1864 he 
tiled on a homestead on the Touchet river, one mile below Waitsburg, and 
there continued to live for more than a quarter of a century. He also took 
up a timber claim and he purchased adjoining land, so that his ranch became 
one of five hundred and fifty-two and one-half acres. This property he still 
owns. In i8qo, however, he removed to Waitsburg. where he has a beautiful 
city residence and is most attractively and comfortably situated. 

William McKinney was married on the 14th of December, 1865, to Miss 
Sarah T- Paulson, who crossed the j^lains in 1864. They became the parents of 
four children, as follows: Frank P., who is a banker residing in Olympia, 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 427 

Washington; William E., of this review; Thomas V., who operates his father's 
farm; and Emma, at home. William McKinney is a democrat in his political 
views. Late in the '70s or early '80s he was a candidate, through the insistence 
of his friends, for the office of county commissioner, and while the county was 
almost two to one republican, he was defeated by only twenty-five votes, a 
fact which indicated his personal popularity and the confidence reposed in 
him. He is held in the highest esteem wherever known and ranks with the 
honored old pioneer settlers of Walla Walla county. In 1914 he was called 
upon to mourn the loss of his wife, who passed away on the 20th of August of 
that year. 

Their son, Wilham E. McKinney, was educated in the Waitsburg public 
schools and also attended the Waitsburg Academy. On reaching manhood he 
became the active assistant of his father in important farming enterprises, and 
upon his father's removal to Waitsburg a year or two later, W. E. McKinney 
took charge of the home place, which he cultivated for twelve or thirteen years. 
He then assumed the management of the old Lewis Neace farm of twelve 
himdred or thirteen hundred acres and he also leased twelve hundred acres 
more, so that he operated in all twenty-four hundred acres of land. This he 
continued to do until September, 1916, when he retired from farming and 
engaged in the automobile business, purchasing the Dickinson & Denney garage, 
which is the largest garage of Waitsburg. He has the agency for the Yelie and 
Euick cars and is one of the leading automobile dealers of the county, having 
Iniilt up a business of large and important proportions. 

In 1S91 Mr. McKinney was united in marriage to Miss Lelia Brown, a 
daughter of Mrs. Jennie Brown, of Lincoln county, Washington. To them 
have been born three children, one son and two daughters, as follows : ^Villiam 
E., who is a member of the United States navy ; Mrs. John Rhinehart, of 
Waitsburg; and Imogen, who gave her hand in marriage to Guy McLaughlin, 
of Waitsburg. 

Mr. McKinney has always voted with the democratic party but has never 
been a candidate for office. Fraternally he is connected with Delta Lodge, 
No. 70, K. P., and also with the Ancient Order of United Workmen. His 
position as a business man ranks him with the leading representatives of auto- 
mobile interests in his section of the state and he is classed with the foremost 
citizens of Walla Walla county. He is alert and energetic and is watchful of 
every opportunity that points to a possible development of his business. His 
sale of motor cars has reached a substantial figure, while in the repair depart- 
ment he also does a business of gratifying extent. 



JOHN C. NEACE. 



No student of the history of Columbia county can carry his investigations 
far without learning of the important part which the Neace family has taken in 
the agricultural development of this section of the country. John C. Neace is 
now extensively and successfully engaged in general agricultural pursuits, having 
fifteen hundred and thirty-two acres of land in Columbia county. He was born 



428 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

on the Tucanon, in what is now Columbia county, July 14, 1865, a son of 
Louis Neace, of whom extended mention is made elsewhere in this work. After 
acquiring a public school education he continued his studies in the schools of 
Forest Grove, Oregon, where he had as an instructor Professor W. D. Lyman. 
On reaching manhood he became associated with J. H. iSlarrow, of Waitsburg, 
in the mercantile business, under the firm name of J. H. Marrow & Company, 
and remained in that connection until 1895, when Mr. Neace and T. M. Hanger 
bought out the interest of Mr. Marrow in the business and thus formed the 
firm of Neace, Hanger & Company. Mr. Neace was thereafter identified with 
commercial interests imtil 1897, when he sold out and in 1898 went to Montana, 
where he and his brothers, together with their father, formed the Neace Cattle 
Company and engaged extensively in raising cattle in that state. John C. Neace 
remained in Montana until May, 1916, when he returned to Columbia county. 
The Neace Cattle Company owns twenty thousand acres of land in Montana 
and John C. Neace individually owns fifteen hundred and thirty-two acres in a 
body in Columbia county, where he now resides. This land is being operated 
by his son, Donald D. 

On the 8th of April, 1888, Mr. Neace was united in marriage to Miss India 
A. Denney, of Waitsburg, a daughter of Nathaniel B. and Priscilla (Hawk) 
Denney. The father first crossed the plains to Washington in 1861 and subse- 
quently returned to Iowa, but in 1870 he again came to this state, making the 
journey across the plains from Iowa in company with his family. Mr. and 
Mrs. Neace are the parents of a daughter and son: Mildred L., who is the 
wife of Dr. A. T. Gilhus, of White Sulphur Springs, Montana; and Donald D., 
who is operating the home farm. 

In politics Mr. Neace maintains an independent course, voting for men and 
measures rather than party. He belongs to Waitsburg Lodge, No. 16, F. & 
A. M., and is a loyal Mason. He has always been closely connected with 
Columbia county even during the period of his residence in Montana and is 
widely known as one of its progressive agriculturists. His business methods 
constitute the last word in modern farming, and undeterred by any obstacles 
or difficulties which he may meet, he pushes his way steadily forward to 
success. 



T. G. BRUNTON. 



J. G. Brunton, a well known and successful farmer residing an section 20, 
township 8 north, range 38 east, Walla Walla county, was bom in that town- 
ship on the 23d of January, 1881. His parents, W. H. H. and Sarah A. (Lewis) 
Brunton, are mentioned at length elsewhere in this work. He received his edu- 
cation in the Fix district schools and at Whitman Academy, which he attended 
for three or four terms. He was a young man of twenty years at the time of 
his father's death and a year later he left school and turned his attention to 
farming. In 1903 he filed upon a homestead in Franklin county, but in 1904 
he commuted his claim and returned to the home farm. He has since operated 
about three hundred acres of the land owned by the estate and one hundred 




J. G. BRUNTON AND FAMILY 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 431 

and ten acres adjoining, and the large crops which he annually raises are proof 
of his industry and his practical knowledge of agriculture. He still owns valu- 
able property in Walla Walla which he obtained in trade for his homestead, and 
he has already gained a competence although still a young man. He gives the 
most careful attention to whatever task he has in hand and this habit of concen- 
tration has been an important factor in his success. 

In June, 1913, Mr. Brunton was united in marriage to Miss Geneva Eldridge, 
a daughter of Hon. H. D. Eldridge, a prominent farmer and influential citizen 
of Walla Walla county, a biography of whom appears on another page in these 
volumes. One son, William Eldridge, has been born to Mr. and Mrs. Brunton. 

Mr. Brunton is a republican in politics and is loyal in his support of its 
candidates and measures. His fraternal connections are with Walla Walla Lodge, 
No. 287, B. P. O. E., and with Mountain Gem Lodge, No. 136, K. P. Both he 
and his wife are members of the Christian church and the highest moral stand- 
ards have ever guided their lives. They have a wide acquaintance and are uni- 
versally held in high esteem. 



HIRAM M. HOOVER. 



Hiram M. Hoover, who has lived retired in Waitsburg since 1911, was long 
and actively identified with agricultural pursuits in Walla Walla county and is 
still the owner of four hundred and eighty acres of valuable land. His birth 
occurred in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, on the 4th of July, 1853, his parents 
being Myers and Ann (Royer) Hoover, who spent their entire lives in that 
county, where the father followed farming throughout his active business career. 

Hiram M. Hoover was reared under the parental roof and acquired his edu- 
cation in the public schools. When a young man of twenty years he left home to 
provide for his own support and, making his way to Ohio, worked as a farm 
hand in Wayne county, that state, for four years. On the expiration of that 
period he removed to Iowa, in which state he spent three years, and in 1880 he 
journeyed westward to San Francisco, California, where he hired out to a sur- 
veying party, with which he worked in southern Nevada for six months. He 
then returned to California and worked in the harvest fields of the Sacramento 
valley, while later he engaged in salmon fishing. In the fall of 1881 he re- 
turned to his native state, taking ship from San Francisco to the Isthmus of 
Panama, which voyage consumed twenty-one days, and crossing the Isthmus by 
railroad along the route of the present canal and then boarding a steamer which 
reached New York city at the end of seven days. After a few months spent 
at his home he returned to San Francisco, California, in the spring of 1882 and 
there remained throughout the following summer. He then sailed for Puget 
Sound, locating in Whatcom county, Washington, where he took up a homestead 
and continued to reside until the summer of 1885. That year witnessed his 
arrival in Walla Walla county and his settlement in Waitsburg, where he has 
made his home almost continuously since. He cultivated rented land during the 
first four years of his residence here and then purchased a tract of one hundred 
and sixty acres about two miles northeast of Waitsburg, over the county line. 



432 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

in Columbia county. Since that date, as his financial resources have increased 
owing to his well directed activity and able management, he has added to his 
holdings by additional purchase from time to time until at present he owns 
four hundred and eighty acres. The cultivation of this property claimed his 
attention and energies until 191 1, when he put aside the active work of the fields 
and has since rented the place to a tenant. He is a stockholder in the Exchange 
Bank of Waitsburg and has long been mmibered among the leading and sub- 
stantial citizens of that place. 

In 1886 Mr. Hoover was united in marriage to Miss Eva L Loundagin, a 
sister of Dr. R. W. Loundagin, of Waitsburg, and the daughter of G. W. Lounda- 
gin, who came to Walla Walla county as a pioneer in 1861. Mr. and Mrs. Hoover 
became the parents of six children, three of whom sur\-ive, namely : Anna L., 
who is her father's housekeeper; Elam H., a ranchman, residing in Carter, 
Montana; and Emory M., who is a second lieutenant in the United States army 
and is now stationed at Douglas, Arizona. The wife and mother was called to 
her final rest in August, 1912, and her demise was deeply mourned by her imme- 
diate family as well as by an extensive circle of friends. Mr. Hoover gives his 
political allegiance to the republican party, while his religious faith is that of 
the Christian church, in which he holds membership. The period of his resi- 
dence in Walla Walla county covers more than three decades and he has won 
a place among its esteemed and representative citizens. 



W. H. WOOD. 



More than a century ago George Washington said, "Agriculture is the most 
useful as well as the most honorable occupation of man." Its worth as the 
basis of all other business prosperity has been continuously demonstrated since 
the world began, and at no time has its usefulness been greater than at this 
era in the world's history, when all civilization is facing a crisis. The work of 
the farmer is indeed of the utmost worth and to this occupation W. H. Wood 
is devoting his time and energies with good results. He was born in Alvorado, 
Texas, on the 29th of April, 18S0, and is a son of Daniel J. and Alice E. (Scott) 
Wood, both of whom are natives of Illinois, where they were reared and married. 
Soon afterward they went to Texas, where the father engaged in cotton grow- 
ing, remaining in the Lone Star state for a year and a half. He was urged by 
his neighbors to remain for another year, being told that if he would stay for 
that length of time he would never desire to leave. His answer was that he was 
well aware of the fact that if he remained for another year he would not have 
money enough to get out, so turning his back upon Texas, he went again to 
Illinois, where he continued through the winter. In the spring of 1881 he started 
for the west, hoping to find more favorable conditions in this section of the 
country. He made Washington his destination and after crossing plains and moun- 
tains he took up his abode in Columbia county, where he secured a homestead in 
Smith Hollow. There he still resides, having long been numbered among the 
substantial farmers of that section of the state. 

W. H. Wood was reared under the parental roof, being only about a year 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 433 

old when brought by his parents to the northwest. He became famihar with 
every phase of pioneer hfe in this section of Washington and has hved to witness 
the remarkable growth and development that has occurred in the intervening 
years. He acquired his education in the district schools and at the age of eighteen 
he started out independently in the business world by leasing one hundred and 
sixty acres of land, on which he began farming. He sold his wheat at thirty- 
eight cents per bushel and realized three hundred dollars profit from his crop. 
He continued to carry on farming on his own account and carefully saved his 
earnings until his industry and economy had brought him sufficient capital to 
enable him to purchase, in 1902, his first land. He invested in one hundred and 
sixty acres, the purchase price of which was one thousand dollars. He borrowed 
much of the money with which to pay for his farm and thus made his start 
toward success. He continued to practice the most rigid economy and the most 
unfaltering industry and within three years he had cleared his ranch of all 
indebtedness. From that time forward he made it his purpose to add to his hold- 
ings whenever favorable opportunity offered and today he owns and cultivates 
four hundred and fifty-seven acres and also leases another tract of four hundred 
and eighty acres, and is now extensively engaged in farming in Thorn Hollow. 
He has brought his land under high cultivation, has added many improvements 
to the place and thereon are found all the accessories, conveniences and modern 
equipment of a model farm. In addition to his agricultural interests Mr. Wood 
is a stockholder in the Dayton Mercantile Company. Opportunity is to him 
ever a call to action and a call to which he readily responds. 

In 1902 Mr. Wood was united in marriage to Miss Maud McCall, a daughter 
of Charles T. McCall, one of the early settlers of Columbia county, who now 
makes his home in Oregon. Mr. and Mrs. Wood have two children, Daniel W. 
and Walter H. 

In his political views Mr. Wood is a republican and always votes for the men 
and measures of the party but has never been an office seeker. He prefers to con- 
centrate his thought and attention upon his business affairs. He is a man of 
strong purpose whose plans are well defined and he displays resourceful- 
ness in accomplishing any object for which he starts out. Practically a lifelong 
resident of Washington, there is no phase of its development through three 
decades with which he is not familiar and as a farmer he has contributed much 
to the agricultural progress of this section of the state. 



JOHN F. MARTIN. 



John F. Martin, one of the leading stock raisers of Walla Walla county, is 
living on section 3, township 6 north, range 33 east, where he has a valuable tract 
of land of three hundred and thirty acres. His business affairs are wisely directed 
and his efforts have done much to raise the standard of stock raising in this 
section of the state. 

From early pioneer times Mr. Martin has resided within the borders of 
Washington. In fact he is one of the native sons, having been born in Thurston 
county on the ist of May, 1858. His parents are William and Ann E. (Yantis) 



434 OLD \N'ALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Martin, the former a native of Indiana, while the latter was born in Alissouri. 
They crossed the plains to the northwest in 1852 and settled first in Thurston 
county but after about two decades established their home in Walla W'alla, where 
they resided until 1901 and where Mr. Alartin was engaged in the mercantile 
business. In 1901 they removed to Touchet. 

John F. Martin was reared and educated in this state, becoming a resident 
of Walla Walla county in 1872, when a youth of fourteen years. In 1883 he 
removed to Wallula, where he engaged in buying cattle, and in 1900 he purchased 
his present farm of three hundred and thirty acres, then a tract of pasture and 
alfalfa land. He has since concentrated his efforts and attention upon its devel- 
opment and improvement and the result of his labors is seen in highly culti- 
vated fields, in well kept fences, in substantial buildings and in the latest im- 
proved machinery. He has made a specialty of stock raising and is now engaged 
extensively in handling Percheron horses, Durham cattle and Oxford sheep. He 
has closely studied the best methods of caring for stock and is familiar with all 
of the scientific principles that underlie his work as well as the practical phases 
of his activities. In addition to his live stock interests Mr. Martin is connected 
with the Touchet State Bank as one of its directors. 

In 1886 Mr. Martin was united in marriage to Miss Belle Tyson, a native of 
Nebraska, by whom he has six children, namely : Charles W., who is coach at the 
Pennsylvania State College, which position he has held for four years ; Frank J. ; 
May, the wife of H. J. Hanson ; Lucy, who gave her hand in marriage to Wendel 
Barker, of Walla Walla ; Blanche M., a high school graduate ; and Pearl. 

Fraternally Mr. Martin is connected with the Modern W^oodmen of America 
and with the Eagles. His political allegiance is given to the democratic party. 
He has served for twelve years on the school board and the cause of education 
has found in him a faithful friend whose labors have done much to promote edu- 
cational interests in this section. As a business man he is thoroughly alert and 
progressive, watchful of every opportunity pointing to success, and his long ex- 
perience and close study enable him to speak with authority upon all matters 
relative to stock raising. He has, indeed, won a place of prominence in this 
connection in Walla Walla county. 



WILLIAM G. PRESTON. 

William G. Preston, deceased, was for many years a prominent citizen of 
Waitsburg, where he was engaged in the milling business and was also a large 
landowner, holding title to three thousand acres. He was born in Galway, 
Saratoga county. New York, November 23, 1832, a son of Dr. Calvin and 
Margaret (McAllister) Preston, both of whom spent their entire lives in the 
Empire state. In their family were four sons and two daughters, all of whom 
have passed away. 

William G. Preston grew to manhood in New York and received his educa- 
tion in Galway Academy. At the age of eighteen he went to live with an uncle, 
Rev. A. W. Piatt, in Tom])kins county, New York, where he remained until going 
to sea in 1852. The following two years were spent upon the water, during 



^F^ 



^ >flte- 1^ 4 




WILLIAM G-PRESTON 




MRS-V/ILUIAM G.PRESTON 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 439 

which time he visited New Brunswick, New Orleans, Liverpool and many other 
ports in Great Britain and y\nierica, returning to Galway, New York, in 1854. 
In the fall of that year he made his way west to Nebraska by way of Chicago 
and Rock Island and down the Mississippi river to St. Louis and then up the 
Missouri. He located at Bellevue, Nebraska, and became captain of a large 
ferry boat in 1855, but when Omaha was made the territorial capital the boat was 
sold to the Council Bluffs & Nebraska Ferry Company and he went with it to 
Omaha. In 1857 he returned east to Steubenville, Ohio, where he built the Omaha 
City, a double engine side-wheeler used in carrying freight on the Missouri 
river. In 1858 he retired from the ferry business and accompanied his brother 
to Pike's Peak, Colorado, and built one of the finest houses in the present city 
of Denver. After engaging in mining in that state for two years he went to 
northern Idaho, which then formed a part of Washington territory. He traveled 
most of the way by water and crossed Snake river in a wagon box in the vicinity 
of an old fort situated near the mouth of the Salmon river. 

It vas in 1866 that Mr. Preston came to Waitsburg, Walla Walla county, 
and identified himself with the Washington flouring mills and machinery lousiness, 
which he and his brother, Piatt A. Preston, had bought. Under his management 
these m lis became the foremost industry of Waitsburg and the high quality of 
their pi,)duct became well known throughout the state. In addition to his milling 
and mercantile business Mr. Preston was prominent in other lines, being a director 
of the Merchants Bank of Waitsburg and a stockholder and director of the 
Schwabacher Company of Walla Walla. He was also prominently identified 
with the Puget Sound Dressed Meat Company during its existence and was 
much interested in farming and stock raising. At the time of his death he was the 
owner of more than three thousand acres of land. 

In 180 ; Mr. Preston was united in marriage to Miss Matilda Cox, who was 
perhaps the first white child born near Boise, Idaho, her birth occurring in 1845 
while her parents were making the overland journey to the Pacific coast. Her 
father, Anderson Cox, was a native of Ohio and a farmer by occupation. On 
coming west he located near Albany, Oregon, on a donation claim, where he 
remained for a number of years, but in i8f)2 came to Walla Walla county, Wash- 
ington, and acquired land. He also built a sawmill, the first in this county. Both 
Mr. and' Mrs. Cox passed away here and six of their ten children are also 
deceased. To Mr. and Mrs. Preston were born four children : Herbert P., who 
is engaged ir the feed business in Toppenish, Washington ; William C, who died 
when six months old; Charles B., a resident of Portland, Oregon; and Dale H., 
deceased. 

Mr. Preston was a stanch republican in his political belief and served for 
two terms as a member of the territorial legislature. In 1881, while a member 
of that body, he was made chairman of the ways and means committee. He was 
much inter, t^d in educational affairs, especially in his later years, and in 191 3 
erected the beautiful auditorium known as Preston Hall at Waitsburg, it being 
designed for -'ocational training and containing a swimming pool, gymnasium 
and large ha^' for public meetings, etc. In all the relations of life he was loyal 
to the teach : of the Presbyterian church, of which he was a member, and his 
integrity was never open to question. His death occurred on the 20th of February, 
1916, and he was laid to rest in the Waitsburg cemetery. Like her husband, Mrs. 

Vnl. ir 17 



440 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

I'reston has also been a generous contributor to all worthy enterprises for the 
public good and she now makes her home in W'alla Walla, where she is well known 
and highly esteemed. 



JAMES L. ROBISON. 



James L. Robison is a retired farmer residing in Walla Walla. He is familiar 
with all of the experiences of the stock raiser on the western frontier, having 
ridden the range as a cowboy, while in later years he became extensively engaged 
in stock raising on his own account. He was born in east Tennessee, July 28, 
1842. His father died during the infancy of the son, and the mother later 
married John Grubb, by whom James L. Robison of this review was reared. He 
acquired a common school education and when he was but ten years of age 
crossed the plains with his parents. They spent the winter in Missouri and in 
the spring of 1853 started on the long westward journey to Oregon. They took 
up their abode in Linn county, twenty miles south of Albany, where Mr. and 
Mrs. Grubb spent the remainder of their lives. At the early age of fifteen Mr. 
Robison began to work for wages and in 1861 made his way northward into eastern 
Oregon and spent the hard winter on the T. K. McCoy ranch on the Tum-a-Lum 
in Umatilla county. He continued to work for others until 1868, when he bought 
some cattle and thus established himself in the cattle business. He had pre- 
viously engaged in riding the range for seven years prior to engaging in the 
cattle business on his own account. He was therefore familiar with the busi- 
ness and from the beginning met with success. He spent fifteen years in the 
cattle business, having as high as a thousand head upon the range. At length, 
when the free range was cut oflf by the settlement of the country, he retired from 
that business, after which he had sheep on the range for a considerable period. 
Eventually, in 191 3, however, he put aside all business cares and retired from 
active life. He still owns six hundred and forty acres of valuable wheat land 
ten miles north of Walla Walla and from the rental of his property secures a 
gratifying income. 

In early manhood Mr. Robison was joined in wedlock to Miss Mary J. Cecil, 
a daughter of William Cecil, who crossed the plains to Oregon in 1862, locating 
in what is now Morrow county. Mr. and Mrs. Robison became the parents 
of three children but only one survives, Lena M., who is the wife of Otto Haar, 
of North Yakima, Washington. Mrs. Robison is a member of the Congregational 
church and a lady of many admirable qualities. 

In politics Mr. Robison is independent in thought and at local elections does 
not consider party ties but has always voted the republican ticket in electing a 
president. His life has been a very busy, active and useful one. His business 
activities were connected with an era that is fast passing away — the era when 
Washington was still the country of the open range before its lands were divided 
and taken up for farms. He is therefore familiar with all the phases of the 
history of the state in its development from pioneer times and he rejoices in 
what has been accomplished as the work of improvement and advancement has 
been carried forward here, placing this great state on a par with the older com- 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 441 

monwealths of the east. In fact, Washington has gained a position of leadership 
in various respects and has every reason to be proud of her splendid record in 
the line of business development and especially in the progress which she has 
made in the organization of her school system. 

In his business career Mr. Robison has at all times displayed that spirit of 
enterprise so characteristic of the west and now, at the age of seventy-five years, 
he is able to enjoy well earned rest, his former labors having resulted in a com- 
petence which meets all of his needs and requirements and yet leaves a sufficiency 
for many of the luxuries of life. 



JOSEPH GROTE. 

The farming interests of Joseph Grote would be termed mammoth even in 
this great west where agricultural interests are on the whole conducted on a most 
extensive scale. He is now oj>erating sixty-two hundred and eighty acres of 
land in Columbia and Walla Walla counties, making his home on section 22, 
township II north, range 38 east, of the former county. His long experience 
and his extensive operations enable him to speak with authority upon everything 
connected with farming in the west at the present day. He recognizes fully 
the possibilities and the opportunities of the country and what he has accom- 
plished represents the fit utilization of the innate powers and talents which are 
his. Mr. Grote is a native of Ohio, his birth having occurred in Piqua on the 7th 
of April, 1885, his parents being John and Anna Grote, both of whom were 
natives of Germany, where they were reared and married. In 1881 they came to 
the United States and after a residence of nine years in Ohio made their way 
westward to Washington, the family home being established in the Palouse 
country, where Mr. Grote remained, however, for a period of only two years. 
He then came to Walla Walla county, where he purchased a ranch north of 
Prescott and there he successfully engaged in farming to the time of his death. 
For a number of years prior to his demise he resided in the city of Walla Walla 
and from that point superintended the operation of his ranch. He died October 
14, 1915, and is survived by his widow, who is now making her home in southern 
California. 

Joseph Grote, whose name introduces this review, was educated in the dis- 
trict schools near his father's farm and in the city schools of Walla Walla. After 
reaching young manhood he contiiuied to assist his father in the development 
of the fields until 1909, when he started out to engage in farming independently, 
entering into partnership with his brother Theodore. They gradually increased 
their operations in extent and importance until their interests placed them at 
the head of the leading agriculturists of Columbia county. In 1914 the partner- 
ship between the two brothers was dissolved and Joseph Grote retained twenty- 
three hundred acres of their holdings. In addition to this he operates four hun- 
dred and eighty acres of school land in the township where he resides and he 
leases and operates the Sharpstein ranch in Walla Walla county, containing 
thirty-five hundred acres of land. He has thus become one of the foremost 



442 OLD WALLA WAIXA COUNTY 

agriculturists of the northwest. He plants twenty-five hundred acres to grain 
each year and harvests mammoth crops. 

In 1917 Mr. Grote was united in marriage to Miss Lillian Baumann, a 
daughter of F. A. Baumann, a retired farmer of Walla Walla. In politics he 
maintains an independent course, not caring to bind himself by party ties. He 
is not remiss in the duties of citizenship, however, but stands for progress and 
improvement in public affairs and reaches out along helpful lines in recogni- 
tion of the needs and opportunities of county and state. He is an enthusiastic 
advocate of the great northwest, and well he may be, for in its opportunities 
he has found the path to success and is today numbered among the men of 
affluence in southeastern Washington. 



JOHN ADKINS GROSS, M. D. 

There is much that is inspiring in the life record of Dr. John Adkins Gross, 
who for many years was prominently associated with the agricultural develop- 
ment and activity of southeastern Washington, acquiring extensive landed posses- 
sions which he converted into rich and productive fields. His worth as a man 
and citizen was widely acknowledged and there are in his life record many 
chapters worthy of consideration. 

Dr. Gross was born in Cape Cod, Massachusetts, July 30, 1840, a son of Dr. 
Oren and Jane (Snow) Gross. He was reared and educated on Cape Cod. 
In his youth he studied navigation and also taught school for a time but at the 
age of twenty-three years enlisted in 1863 as a member of the Forty-third Massa- 
chusetts Infantry for service in the Civil war, remaining at the front until the 
close of hostilities. He became corporal of his company and while he did not 
engage in any of the battles between the north and the south his service was of a 
hazardous nature, such as scout duty and running boats loaded with provisions 
past blockades, etc. He ever manifested the utmost loyalty to the nation's starry 
banner and the cause for which it stood and with a most creditable military record 
returned to his home. 

Soon after leaving the army Dr. Gross went to New York city, where he 
engaged in carpenter work until the panic of 1873 swept away all his invest- 
ments. He then crossed the continent to San Francisco, California, where he 
lived for two years. He afterward went to Astoria, Oregon, and was in that 
city and in Portland until 1879, when he came to Walla Walla. Here he took up 
the profession of teaching, which he followed for several years. He taught at 
Frenchtown, riding back and forth from Walla Walla. When he had saved 
enough he secured a homestead in Umatilla county, Oregon, and kept adding 
to his landed possessions until he had over eleven hundred acres, which he 
brought under a high state of cultivation. He afterward purchased a ranch of 
twenty-five hundred acres near Starbuck, Washington, all of which has been 
planted to crops and has been improved with very substantial and commodious 
buildings. In a word his labors wrought a marked transformation in the appear- 
ance of the place and also in its value and he won recognition as one of the 
foremost agriculturists of this section of the state. 




DR. JOHN A. GROSS 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 445 

Dr. Gross was married twice and when he went to war left a bride of only 
a few weeks. He was married a second time at Pendleton, Oregon, on the 9th 
of February, 1891, when Miss Bessie S. Green, of Kansas, became his wife. 
Lie had four children by his first marriage, while four were born of his second 
union. Carrie B., the eldest, is now the wife of R. C. Dunnington, of Walla 
Walla. Jennie L is the wife of F. H. Richmond, of Walla Walla. Millie E. 
is the wife of Ralph E. Story, of Silver Lake, Oregon. O. E., of Seattle, Wash- 
ington, was the youngest child of the first marriage. The others are: John 
E., who is now upon the ranch; Julia E., who was graduated from Wellesley 
College in the class of 1917; Marvin, now a high school pupil; and Mabel, who 
is also in high school. 

The death of Dr. Gross occurred July 17, 1915, and he was laid to rest in 
Mountain View cemetery in Walla Walla. He was a man of marked ability and 
in his later years he studied medicine, being graduated from the Hahnemann 
College at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with the class of 1900. At that time he 
was over sixty years of age but he possessed an especial aptitude for the physi- 
cian's work and a very retentive memory, which carried statistical knowledge. 
The greater part of his life, however, was devoted to farming and stock raising 
and he became one of the most extensive and prosperous farmers of Walla 
Walla county. His political endorsement was given to the republican party and 
he always took an active part in politics. Fraternally he was connected with the 
Knights of Pythias and also with the Grand Ariji^ JlQSt,.- Jiius maintaining 
pleasant relations with his old military comrades, with whom he followed the 
stars and stripes on the battlefields of the south. He. was a. man of many sterling 
traits of character, genial and affable, and enjoyed the h\gh esteem of those with 
whom he was associated. Since his death Mrs. Gross has erected a fine residence 
on Boyer avenue in Walla Walla but still has charge oT fier ranch property and 
is a woman of excellent business ability, fully capable of meeting the require- 
ments put upon her in the management of her estate. 



OSSIE MARTIN. 



The stock raising interests of Columbia county have a worthy representative 
in Ossie Martin, who is the owner of a valuable farm of seven hundred and 
twenty acres on section 23, township 12 north, range 38 east. He is one of Wash- 
ington's native sons, his birth occurring in Old Walla Walla county, February 
8, 1867. His parents, James and Bridget E. Martin, were natives of Ireland 
but in early life emigrated to America and first located in Missouri. In 1861, 
however, they started for the Pacific coast in a covered wagon drawn by mules 
and at length reached Walla Walla. They located on a farm and later Mr. 
Martin took up a homestead near Waitsburg, where he lived until 1893, when 
he sold the place and removed to Walla Walla. Both he and his wife died in 
that city. To. them were born seven children and all are living. 

Ossie Martin was reared in much the usual manner of farmer boys and was 
educated at a Catholic school in Walla Walla. On starting out in life for him- 
self he chose the occupation with which he was thoroughly familiar — that of 



446 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

farming, and has since followed that pursuit with most gratifying results. In 
1909 he purchased his present farm comprising seven hundred and twenty acres 
and in connection with its operation has given considerable attention to the 
raising of stock, making a specialty of the breeding of shorthorn and Hereford 
cattle, now having about one hundred head upon his place. Besides his valuable 
farm proi>erty he owns a residence in Waitsburg, which he rents. 

In 1892 Mr. Martin married Miss Mary Martin, who, although of the same 
name, was not a relative, and to them have been born seven children, as follows : 
Wesley J.; Harold A., who is in the army; Cecelia K., the wife of Albert Good- 
year; Melba C. ; Oswald D. ; Esther M. ; and Wilbert H. 

The family are communicants of the Catholic church and Mr. Martin is a 
democrat in politics but has never cared for the honors of public office, preferring 
to give his undivided attention to his business interests. He is one of the lead- 
ing citizens of his community, and takes a commendable interest in public aflfairs, 
as every true American citizen should. 



GUSTAV VOLLMER. 



Among the pioneers of Walla Walla county who persevered in spite of hard- 
ships of the early days and who are now reaping the reward of their faith in this 
section, is Gustav Vollmer, a resident of section 12, townshi]i g north, range 37 
east, who owns more than eleven hundred acres of fine land, which he purchased 
years ago at far less than its present market value. As time has passed he has 
adapted his methods of farming to the changed conditions and his progressive 
spirit has been an important factor in his success. He was born in Gennany, 
May 7. 1S54, a son of John II. and Emelia (Flaskamp) \'ollmer, who passed 
their entire lives in that countr\ . Of their seven children, five survive and all 
but our subject are still residents of Gennany. 

Gustav \"ollmer attended the public schools of his native country in the 
acquirement of his education but when seventeen years old emigrated to the 
United States. The first two years in this country were spent in Illinois, where 
he was employed as a farm hand, but in 1873 he went to Nebraska, where he 
remained until 1879. In that year he determined to take advantage of the unusual 
opportunities afforded the young man in the Pacific northwest and removed to 
Oregon. In 1880 he took up a homestead in Umatilla county, Oregon, twenty- 
five miles southwest of Walla Walla and for twenty years maintained his 
residence thereon. For a considerable period, in order to market his wheat, it 
was necessary to haul it to steamboat landings on the Columbia river, which 
required three days. While he was gone on such trips his wife remained upon 
the farm with her small children, although the nearest neighbors were miles 
away. The isolation was one of the greatest hardships which the early settlers 
had to endure, but there were also other discouraging features as, for instance, 
the low prices, wheat selling one year for twenty-three cents a. bushel. Mr. 
Vollmer recognized, however, that with the settlement of the country these 
untoward conditions would change and that the fertility of the soil guaranteed the 
future of the farmers, and he consistently invested his savings in land. He owns 



o 

CO 

< 



g 
> 




OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 449 

480 acres of land in Umatilla county, eighty acres adjoining Waitsburg, where he 
makes his home. His holdings total 1,193 acres. All the land is rich and 
productive and, moreover, his farms are well improved, the excellent buildings 
thereon adding materially to the value of his property. He has given the greater 
part of his time and attention to wheat growing and is thoroughly famihar with 
that business. In fact his success has been in a measure due to the fact that he 
has concentrated his energies upon that line of endeavor. He is now one of^ 
the men of wealth in Walla Walla county and takes justifiable pride in the fact 
that he is a self-made man, his prosperity being due entirely to his own foresight, 
energy and good management. 

On the 1 2th of June, 1881, Mr. VoUmer was united in marriage to Miss 
Henrietta Schmitt, a daughter of John and Katherine (Martin) Schmitt. To 
this union have been born nine children: John H.; Clara Augusta, the wife of 
Harland Mills; Emma Caroline, the wife of William Harris; William, who is 
farming in this locality ; Julia, the wife of William Stimmel ; Zelma, Minnie and 
Charles, all at home and graduates of the high school ; and Katherine, deceased. 

The parents hold membership in the Evangelical Lutheran church and its 
work profits by their hearty support. In politics Mr. Vollmer is a stanch 
republican and he has served his district ably for two terms as a member of the 
state legislature. His interest in education has found expression in effective 
work as a member of the school board, and all projects for the advancement of 
the public welfare have received his endorsenie.nU-_Jie— finds-great pleasure in 
contrasting the early days in this section, 5ivhe'n"-^Ke'-'-^ftlers; we e to a great 
extent cut ofif from the outside world, withi t"he^ pr<^^nt (fe-y- With its excellent 
means of communication with all parts of the country; . As AD iHusjtration of the 
extent to which the pioneers were dependeat - upon their jre_sj>Llrcfes it may be 
mentioned that Mr. Vollmer made the furniture "ifs'ecl in his home from timber 
which he had cut. For a number of years it was necessary to practice the strictest 
economy, but he has never regretted his pioneer experiences and finds pleasure 
in the knowledge that he has had a part in the development of this region. 



JAMES CHRISTENSEN. 

James Christensen, a well known farmer of Garfield county who owns five 
hundred and twenty acres of good land on section 2, township 12 north, range 
41 east, has resided in various parts of the west and in Alaska and for some time 
engaged in mining but for several years past has devoted his attention to farm- 
ing and stock raising exclusively. He was born in Denmark, February 25, 1866, 
a son of Christian and Gertrude Petersen, who passed their entire lives in that 
country. To them were born seven children, of whom six are living. 

James Christensen attended the public schools of Denmark as a boy and 
youth, thus acquiring a good education, and in 1885, at the age of nineteen years, 
came to America. For one year he was employed as a farm hand in Nebraska 
and then was for several years a resident of California. Later he spent a year 
in Montana and in 1891 removed to Walla Walla county, Washington, where he 
worked on a farm until his removal to Alaska. A decade was devoted to gold 



450 OLfD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

mining there and during that time he made three trips to Europe. On leaving 
Alaska he went to Idaho, but remained there for only a short period, after which 
he again came to Walla Walla county, Washington. He decided to turn his 
attention to farm work and took up a homestead on Eureka flats which he cul- 
tivated for eight years. He then traded that place for a farm in the vicinity of 
Walla Walla but two years later exchanged that property for his present farm 
of five hundred and twenty acres on section 2, township 12 north, range 41 east, 
Garfield county. Much of his land is given over to the growing of wheat but 
he also engages in stock raising and derives a good profit from both branches of 
his business. 

Mr. Christensen was married in 1905 to Miss Dora Renn, who was born in 
Minnesota. They are the parents of three children, namely : George F., Gertrude 
M. and Anna M. 

Mr. Christensen is an adherent of the republican party and casts his ballot 
in support of its candidates. He has not taken a verj' active part in political afifairs 
but is now serving as a school director, in which connection he constantly works 
for the advancement of the local schools. He is a selfmade man, having attained 
prosperity solely through his own efiforts, and his energ>' and determination have 
gained him the respect of all who know him. 



JOHN C. WRIGHT. 



John C. Wright, deceased, was an early settler of Walla Walla county, Wash- 
ington, and engaged in farming here for many years. He was born in St. Lawrence 
county. New York, April 2, 1843, a son of Alexander and Jeannette Wright, 
both of whom passed away in the Empire state. 

John C. Wright was reared at home and received his education in the public 
schools. As soon as he was old enough he went to work on the lake boats and 
was so employed until he enlisted for ser\'ice in the Civil war as a member of 
Company L, Second Minnesota Cavalry. He was with the colors for three years 
and was then mustered out of the military service at Fort Snelling, Minnesota. 
In 1878 he and his wife came to the Pacific northwest, locating in Walla Walla 
county, Washington, where he took up a tree claim of one hundred and sixty 
acres. He subsequently purchased additional land and gave his entire time and 
attention to his farm work. He was successful, havesting abundant crops, for 
which he found a ready sale, and as time passed his resources steadily increased. 
His widow still owns two hundred and eighty acres of excellent land with good 
improvements and derives a gratifying income from the rent of that property. 

Mr. Wright married Mrs. Sallie Vangilder and to them were born three 
children: Emma Strand, a resident of Spokane, Washington; and two who 
died in infancy. In 1871 the wife and mother passed away and in 1872 Mr. 
Wright was again married, choosing as his wife Miss Carrie Griffin, a native of 
Vermont and a daughter of Daniel and Rhoda (Fullington) Griffin, natives re- 
spectively of New Hampshire and of Canada. In 1862 the family removed to 
Minnesota and there the father died, but the mother subsequently went to Kansas, 
where .she spent her last days. To them were born eight children, of whom 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 451 

only two survive. Mr. and Mrs. Wright became the parents of eight children, 
of whom the first three died in infancy, the others being : Ada, who is married ; 
Burt C, who is at home with his mother; Myrtle, the wife of Otis Denny; 
Carrie, who married Leigh Homer, of Montana; and Jack C, a railroad agent. 

Mr. Wright was interested in public affairs and well informed on political 
issues but he never had the time nor inclination to hold office. His was a quiet, 
unostentatious life, marked by careful attention to his affairs, by the support of 
movements seeking the general good and by uncompromising honesty at all times. 
He passed away in 1898 and those who knew him well still cherish his memory. 



CHARLES B. LAMBERT. 

An eventful career is that of Charles B. Lambert, who, of Swedish birth, spent 
some time as a sailor on the high seas and also sojourned for a period in Alaska. 
He is now living a less spectacular but none the less useful life as an architect 
and contractor of Walla Walla and in professional circles has gained for himself 
a creditable position. Born in Sweden on the 6th of April, 1871, he is a son of 
August and Louise (Von Bose) Lambert, both of whom were natives of Sweden, 
where the mother passed away but the father is still living. In their family were 
five children, three of whom survive. 

Charles B. Lambert was reared and educated in Sweden, where he attended 
the common schools until he reached the age of fourteen years. Desirous then 
of providing for his own support, he went to sea and spent three years as cabin 
boy and sailor. At the age of seventeen he returned to his native country and 
took up the study of architecture, to which he devoted two years, having thorough 
training in that regard. It was in the year 1890 that Mr. Lambert sailed for 
the new world, hoping to find better business opportunities on this side of the 
Atlantic. He landed in New York city, where he was employed for a time and 
later went to Chicago and to St. Paul, continuing in architectural work in these 
different cities. In 1897 he made his way to Alaska, where he remained for 
a year and a half, and in 1898 he arrived in Walla Walla, where he embarked in 
business on his own account. He has since become widely and prominently 
known as an architect and contractor and his skill and ability are manifest in 
many of the most substantial structures found in this city and through the sur- 
rounding district. The attractiveness of his plans has added much to the beauty 
of Walla Walla and in the erection of buildings he studies closely utility, comfort 
and convenience as well as the attractive exterior. 

In 1901 Mr. Lambert was married to Miss Alma O. Jones, a native of Sweden, 
and they became the parents of two children : Ruth L., who is now a high school 
student; and Edith E. The family occupy an attractive residence which Mr. 
Lambert owns. He is prominent in Masonic circles, having taken all the degrees 
of the York and Scottish Rites up to and including the thirty-second degree 
in the consistory, and he is now eminent commander of the Knights Templar 
commandery. He also has membership with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows and with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. His study of the 
questions and issues of the day has led him to give his political endorsement to 



•452 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

the republican party. He is a man of high personal worth and marked profes- 
sional ability and a most progressive citizen who exemplifies in his life the 
spirit of western enterprise, progress and successful accomplishment. 



BAILEY H. GROSS. 



Bailey H. Gross was for more than a third of a century a resident of Walla 
Walla county and became one of its extensive landowners and prosperous farmers. 
He was a native of Illinois and ere reaching man's estate became a resident of 
Iowa — in fact continued to make his home in Iowa through the greater part of 
his childhood. It was there that he wedded Miss Julia A. Rice, who was born 
in Indiana and also became a resident of Iowa in her girlhood days. They began 
their domestic life in that state, where they continued until 1862 and then started 
on the long joumey across the plains with the Pacific coast as their destination, 
but on reaching Virginia City, Nevada, were so pleased with the conditions they 
found that they decided to locate there. For eight years the father was engaged 
in dairying in that place and in 1870 resumed his interrupted journey westward 
and for ten years was a resident of what is now Modoc county, California. On 
the expiration of that decade he made his way northward into Walla Walla, 
Washington, arriving in the year 1880, accompanied by his family. Here he 
turned his attention to farming, in which he prospered greatly, and as his financial 
resources increased he kept adding to his landed possessions until he was the 
owner of thirteen hundred and sixty acres of fine wheat land. He personally 
supervised the operation of his farm, which was largely devoted to the produc- 
tion of wheat and other cereals. His methods were most progressive and his 
labors brought him most gratifying success. He continued to supervise the 
operation of his farm until 191 3 and then retired, taking up his abode in Walla 
Walla, where his remaining days were passed in the enjoyment of well earned 
rest, his death occurring ]\Iarch 12, 191 5. He had for about three years survived 
his wife, who died in June, 191 2. During the thirty-five years of his residence 
in the county he witnessed great changes as the work of progress and of trans- 
formation was carried steadily forward. His activity as an agriculturist consti- 
tuted a substantial contribution to the development of the state and, moreover, 
his life work proved what can be accomplished through individual effort and 
ability. He started out in the business world empty-handed and by reason of 
personal worth and effort gained a place among the substantial citizens of the 
northwest. 



HENRY SCHMITT. 



Henry Schmitt engaged in farming for many years and won a competence 
which enables him to live retired in Waitsburg. He was born in Lee county, 
Iowa, December 17, 1859, a son of John and Katharina (Martin) Schmitt, both 
natives of Germany. In 1840 they emigrated to America and located in Iowa, 



^ 



i^ 




BAILEY H. GROSS. 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC L!h:-;ARY 



TJLDF •. 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 455 

whence they removed to Nebraska where the mother passed away. Subsequently 
the father returned to Iowa with his children but after living there for a year 
went to Umatilla county, Oregon, and became the owner of a good farm there. 
He is deceased and six of his ten children have also passed away. 

Henry Schmitt passed his boyhood and youth mainly in Iowa, and after 
completing the course in the common schools became a student in the high school 
at Burlington, from which he was graduated. For some time thereafter he re- 
sided at home, assisting his father, but on attaining his majority began farming 
in Umatilla county, Oregon, the family in the meantime having removed west. 
He purchased one hundred and sixty acres of land on which he resided for thirty- 
four years, during which time he brought the place to a high state of development 
and made many excellent improvements thereon. His practical methods and his 
industry were rewarded by large crops and he gave careful attention to the mar- 
kets, and thus was able to dispose of his crops to good advantage. Since selling 
his farm he has taken up his abode in Waitsburg, where he owns a fine residence 
and three acres of land. 

On the 7th of September, 1881, Mr. Schmitt was married to Miss Carrie 
Piepke, a native of Germany. Both hold membership in the Methodist Episcopal 
church and can always be counted upon to do their part in promoting its welfare. 
Mr. Schmitt is identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in Oregon 
and has exemplified in his life the beneficent principles upon which that organi- 
zation is based. 



EMMETT S. HENNESSEY." ■ 

Emmett S. Hennessey, senior member of the firm of Hennessey & Calloway, 
a leading undertaking firm of Walla Walla, was born in Saratoga, Illinois, Decem- 
ber 27, 1881, his parents being Joseph Daniel and Kathrine (Harney) Hen- 
nessey, who are natives of Ilhnois and of Irish parentage. In 1908 they re- 
moved westward to Walla Walla, where they still reside. They were the parents 
of five children, all of whom are yet living. 

Emmett S. Hennessey, the eldest of the family, pursued his education in the 
public schools of Henry, Illinois, until graduated from the high school on the ist 
of June, 1900. He is also a graduate licensed embalmer. After completing his 
high school course he spent one term as a teacher in a rural school at Grafton, 
Nebraska, and for one year was teller and accountant in a bank in Michigan, 
North Dakota, but fearing for his health, he left the bank to enter the Uni- 
versity of Minnesota as a medical student. Later, however, he changed his 
course to the study of anatomy, embalming and sanitary science. He took up the 
undertaking business in Walla Walla in connection with the oldest undertaking 
company of the state in 1903, becoming a member of the firm of Picard & Hen- 
nessey. That association was maintained until 1908, when he bought out the 
interests of his partner and conducted the business alone until recently, when he 
became associated with Mr. Calloway. His reliable methods, his enterprise and 
the excellent line of goods which he carries have secured to him a ven.- liberal 



456 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

and gratifying patronage and he is now regarded as one of the leading under- 
takers of the Inland Empire. 

On the 25th of May, 1909, Mr. Hennessey was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary Harter, a native of Walla Walla and a daughter of 'Mr. and Mrs. Anton 
Harter, who are natives of Germany and came to America in 1868. In 1872 
they established their home in Walla Walla, where, they still reside. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Hennessey have been born four children, namely : Charles, Patrick, Harry 
and Mary, all of whom are still under the parental roof. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hennessey are members of the Catholic church, in which Mr. 
Hennessey is sen-ing as a tnistee. He also holds membership with the Knights 
of Columbus and is a past grand knight. He belongs to the Elks Lodge, No. 
287, with which he has been identified for twelve years, and at the present 
writing, in 1917, is holding the office of loyal knight. He likewise belongs to 
the Commercial Club and cooperates in all of its well defined plans and move- 
ments for the upbuilding of the city. In politics he is a republican and in 191 1 
and 1912 filled the office of county coroner. He does not seek nor desire political 
preferment to any extent, however, as he wishes to concentrate his efforts and at- 
tention upon his business affairs. He is well known in this city and through the 
period of his residence here has gained an extensive circle of warm friends. 



JAMES E. SHORT. 



In the deatli of James E. Short, Walla Walla county lost one of its pioneer 
settlers and ])rogressive farmers. He was born in (irant county, Wisconsin, 
April 8, 1847, and was a young lad of eleven years when his parents removed 
with their family to Iowa, where they continued to reside until he reached the 
age of nineteen. The family home was then established in Texas, where the 
parents later passed away. 

James E. Short was reared and educated in Iowa, jnirsuing his studies in 
the public schools through the winter months, while in the summer seasons he 
worked in the fields. He was thus employed until he was twenty-three years of 
age. In the meantime the family had removed to Texas and in the Lone Star 
state he was married to Miss Martha E. Vickers, who was born in Texas. They 
began their domestic life there and after thirteen years removed to Oklahoma, 
where they resided for a number of years. On the expiration of that period 
they sold their property in the southwest and came to the Pacific coast country 
with Washington as their destination. In 1905 Mr. Short purchased land in the 
Walla Walla valley, becoming owner of six hundred and forty acres. This is 
wheat land, all under a high state of cultivation. He ranked with the leading 
and prosperous farmers of the county and followed the most progressive methods 
in all of his work. His place ever presented a neat and thrifty appearance, which 
indicated the careful supervision oi a practical and progressive owner. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Short were born nine children, namely : .\delaide T., who 
is a graduate nurse; James V.; Amie E., who is the wife of William F. Dolling; 
\\'illiam l-".. ; John W. ; Oscar N. ; Susan Eva; Elma M. C. ; and Martha S. 

The family 'dllend the Methodist Episcopal church, as did Mr. .Short, and his 





MR. AND MRS. JAMES E. SHORT 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 459 

influence was ever on the side of right, truth, reform and progress. His political 
allegiance was given to the democratic party and of its principles he was a stanch 
champion, but he never sought nor desired political office. He served, however, 
as a school director and was interested in all that pertained to the intellectual 
advancement of the community. He died May 7, 1917, and was laid to rest in 
Mountview cemetery in Walla Walla, leaving a widow and nine children to 
mourn his loss. His death was also the occasion of deep regret to many friends, 
for he had become widely and favorably known during the period of his residence 
in this section of the country. He had many substantial traits of character, was 
thoroughly reliable in business and was a public-spirited citizen. His widow and 
sons now operate the farm and the family occupies a prominent social position 
in this section of the state. 



JAMES P. NEAL. 



James P. Neal, deputy prosecuting attorney of Walla Walla county and a 
resident of the city of Walla Walla, was born in Westfield, Indiana, November 
12, 1883, a son of the Rev. A. G. Neal, who is pastor of the First Methodist 
church of Fort Wayne, Indiana, and of Laura (Johns) Neal. 

lames P. Neal was accorded liberal educational opportunities- After grad- 
uating from the high school at Angola, Indiana, as a- member of the class of 
igoi he entered De Pauw University at Greencastle; that state, and pursued a 
classical course, winning his Bachelor of Arts degree in .1906. After leaving 
De Pauw he went east for law study and matriculated as a law student in Har- 
vard LIniversity, where he remained until 1908. Having been admitted to prac- 
tice law in Madison county, Indiana, in 1907, he maintained an office for a time 
at Alexandria, that state. He was admitted to practice before the supreme 
court of Indiana in 1908, was admitted to practice in Oregon in the same year 
and in Washington in 1914. In 1908 he opened an office in Freewater, Oregon, 
and in 191 3 he became connected with the firm of Brooks & Bartlett in Walla 
Walla, that association being maintained until 1915. Since February of the 
latter year he has been a partner in the firm of Stafford & Neal and in this con- 
nection enjoys a large and lucrative practice which is constantly growing m 
volume and importance. He has filled various positions of a professional char- 
acter. In 1907 he was deputy prosecuting attorney of Madison county, Indiana, 
and from 1909 until 1913 was city attorney of Freewater, Oregon. In 1915 he 
was made city attorney of Walla Walla, which position he yet fills, and in 1917 
he became deputy prosecuting attorney of Walla Walla county and is yet the 
incumbent in that office. 

Mr. Neal was married in Walla Walla, November 6, 191 2, to Miss Louise 
Root, a daughter of F. F. and Margaret Root. In politics Mr. Neal is a repub- 
lican' and an active worker in party ranks, his opinions carrying considerable 
weight among the leaders of the party. He was a member of the county central 
com^'mittee of Umatilla county, Oregon, from 1910 until 1912 and in 1916 was 
a member of the county central committee of Walla Walla county. His fraternal 
relations are with the Masons, the Elks, the Moose, the Woodmen of the World 



460 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

and tile Knights and Ladies of Security. He is also identified with Beta Theta 
Pi, a college fraternity. Mr. and Mrs. Neal are people of genuine worth, occupy- 
ing an enviable position in .social circles, and their many substantial traits of 
character have won them the respect and high regard of all with whom they have 
been brought in contact. 



JOHN D. TAGGARD. 



John D. Taggard is prominently connected with the development of hor- 
ticultural interests of the northwest. His efforts have demonstrated the possi- 
bilities for fruit culture in Walla Walla county and he is now conducting a 
successful business as an orchardist, having his place on section 12, township 8 
north, range 37 east. He was born amid the Ozark mountains of Missouri, near 
the city of Springfield, June 28, 1863, a son of Aaron and Ruth M. (Holland) 
Taggard, the former a native of Missouri, while the latter was born in Tennessee. 
For many years they resided upon a farm in Webster county, Missouri, but in 
later life the father retired from agricultural pursuits and took up his abode in 
Conway, where for some years he engaged with a younger brother in a mer- 
cantile enterprise, being associated with that business for several years. He 
died in 1910 and is survived by his widow, who yet resides in Conway. 

John D. Taggard was reared under the parental roof and the common schools 
afforded him his preliminary educational privileges. He afterward attended the 
seminary at Lebanon, Missouri, and also became a student in the Mountain Dale 
Seminary, thus being accorded liberal advantages which well qualified him for 
life's practical and responsible duties. He left home at the age of about eighteen 
years and came to Washington, where he arrived in September, 1881. He took 
up his abode in Dayton, Columbia county, where he engaged in teaching at the 
Alex Baldwin schoolhouse for one year. During the following year he took the 
advice of friends and for the sake of his health accepted a position on the sheep 
ranch of Gretman Brothers and li\ed in the open for two years. He was at- 
that time afflicted with pulmonary trouble and his life in the open completely 
restored him to health. He then went to \Miitman county, where he took up a 
homestead six miles north of the Snake river, and there he engaged in the 
cattle business, remaining upon that place for nine years, but his business ven- 
ture did not prove profitable and he was entirely without means when he left 
that country. He then removed to Waitsburg, Walla Walla county, where he 
engaged in gardening and fruit growing. He was a pioneel- in the commercial 
apple business of the Walla Walla valley. From his boj'hood days he was a 
lo\er and a student of tree life and is today said to be the foremost orchardist 
of Walla Walla county. He has studied every phase of the question both from a 
practical and scientific standpoint and there is perhaps no man in this section of 
the state better informed concerning the possibilities of fruit raising in the north- 
west. In 1905 :\lr. Taggard and his very close friend, Rev. B. Z. Riggs, rented 
a twenty acre orchard of W. R. Anion and in the following year they pur- 
chased that tract together with sixteen acres adjoining, which had formerly been 
nlaiited to trees, but the trees had been pulled out. Mr. Taggard and Mr. Riggs 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 461 

immediately replanted the sixteen acre tract and in 1907, when Mr. Riggs' health 
failed, Mr. Taggard took over the interests of his partner and soon afterward 
admitted Albert Dickinson to a partnership, the latter purchasing a half-interest 
in the twenty acre orchard. After three years, however, Mr. Taggard became 
sole owner of the orchard and the business. Li 1910, in connection with others, 
he planted another orchard of fifty acres. He had entire charge of the planting 
and the care of the orchard, which is now in bearing and is one of the finest 
to be found in the fruit district of this section. At the present time Mr. Tag- 
gard has in course of construction a community packing house one hundred and 
fifty by forty feet, which will cost in the neighborhood of five thousand dollars 
and will have a storage capacity of twenty-five carloads of fruit. He expects to 
pack between fifty and sixty thousand boxes of fruit this year, which means 
practically one hundred carloads. In this way the association will be independent 
of the middleman and will allow the owner to hold the fruit until the market 
is right. Mr. Taggard has thus closely studied everything that has a bearing upon 
orcharding in the northwest and displays sound judgment, combined with the 
most progressive methods, in everything that he undertakes. 

On the 4th of December, 1887, Mr. Taggard was married to Miss Rilda 
Boothe, of Dayton, and they have an adopted daughter, Lillian. In politics 
Mr. Taggard is a stalwart republican. In 1910 he followed the lead of Roose- 
velt and became a supporter of the progressive party and was nominated on its 
ticket for representative, but was too busy to give the time to the campaign 
that would secure an election. His personal popularity, however, carried weight, 
so that he was defeated by only a small majority. Mr. Taggard is a member of 
Delta Lodge, No. 5, I. O. O. F. He and his wife hold memberships in the 
Christian church, guiding their lives by its teachings and conforming their 
conduct to its principles at all times. He has been an officer of the church for 
twenty years. While his efforts have brought personal success, his labors have 
been of even broader reach and importance, for his example has been followed 
by many others. He has demonstrated what could be accomplished and others 
have taken up the ideas which he has set forth. Today there is no feature of 
orcharding in the northwest with which he is not familiar and his opinions are 
largely accepted as authority by all fruit growers in this section. 



EDMOND J. JOHNSON. 

Edmond J. Johnson is a self-made man who has gained a substantial position 
in business circles of Walla Walla as a dealer in wood and coal. He deserves 
great credit for what he has accomplished, as he started out in life empty-handed 
and has placed his dependence upon the substantial qualities of industry and 
perseverance. He was born in England in February, 1861, and was there reared 
and educated. He had attained the age of twenty-four years when he determined 
to try his fortune in America, hoping that he might find better business oppor- 
timities on this side the Atlantic. He crossed the continent afer reaching Ameri- 
can shores, making his way to Walla Walla, Washington, where he worked 
at the butchering trade, which he had previously learned in his native land. He 



462 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

followed that business for seven years and then went to work for the city in 
the street department, occupying a position of that character for fourteen years. 
On the expiration of that period he turned his attention to the wood and coal 
trade, in which he has since been engaged, and through the intervening years 
he has built up a business of very gratifying and substantial proportions. He 
also has the contract for street cleaning in the city and is leading a most active 
life. Energy has ever been one of his most marked characteristics and inde- 
fatigable effort has brought him the success which is now his. 

In 1890 Mr. Johnson was united in marriage to Miss Leona Hastings, a 
native of Kansas, and they have become the parents of three children: Susie, 
who is now the wife of C. Brent, of Portland, Oregon; Hazel, who is the wife 
of Clem Burgman, living on a ranch in Walla Walla county ; and William, who 
died at the age of three months. 

The family occupy an attractive home in Walla Walla and Mr. Johnson has 
become the owner of some good residence properties in the city. His political 
allegiance is given to the republican party, which he has supported since becom- 
ing a naturalized American citizen. He belongs to the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows and has made many warm friends in that organization. His life 
record should inspire and encourage others, for he started out when a lad of 
eleven years and has since been dependent upon his own resources. He early 
recognized the fact that industry wins. He may never have heard of the Greek 
philosopher Epicharmus, who said: "Earn thy reward; the gods give naught to 
sloth," but he knew the principle that underlies those words and indefatigable 
industry has characterized him at every point in his career. Step by step he has 
advanced and is now not only a substantial business man of Walla Walla but 
one who enjoys and deserves the respect, goodwill and confidence of all with 
whom he is associated. 



JOHN WARREN LANGDON. 

John Warren Langdon, one of the best known business men of eastern Wash- 
ington, prominently identified with the commercial and financial interests and with 
the community life of Walla Walla, was horn in New Hampton, Iowa, December 
i8, 1871, a son of Warren W. Langdon, who was a native of Illinois. The father 
was an expert tinner by trade and was also connected with banking interests of 
the northwest for a number of years, becoming a very prominent factor in business 
affairs in Moscow, Idaho. 

He was superintendent of the Walla Walla waterworks for five years and 
figured prominently in connection with public affairs in this city. His attitude 
in respect to his country's welfare was clearly manifest at the time of the Civil 
war, when he put aside all business and personal considerations and responded 
to the country's call for troops, enlisting as a member of Company A, Ninety- 
fifth Regiment of the Illinois Volunteer Infantry, on the 9th of August, 1862, at 
Marengo, Illinois. lie served for three years and was mustered out at Camp 
I'utler, Illinois August 17, 1865. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Hester 
M. Robinson, is also a native of Illinois. 



TKE NSW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 

ASTOR. ' rxoi 
rjl.Of. - ' ~ r ,-^/( >. , 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 465 

Their son, John Warren Langdon, acquired his early education in the .common 
schools of Moscow, Idaho, and afterward attended the Bishop Scott grammar 
school of Portland, Oregon, where he stood at the head of his classes, receiving 
the headmaster's prize for the highest standing during the school year; his marks 
at this school were the highest received by any student during the seventeen years 
of the school's existence to that time, and he also received two additional prizes for 
excellence in deportment and penmanship. 

At the age of sixteen years he left school and was placed in the First National 
Bank of Moscow, Idaho, of which his father was vice president. Two years later 
he accepted a position with the Dorsey S. Baker estate of Walla Walla, one of 
the richest estate in the northwest. Ten years later, upon division of the estate, 
he became secretary of the firm of Baker & Baker, a strong loan company, doing 
business in the Walla Walla valley. Two years later, owing to increased personal 
business responsibilities, he resigned, and at that time incorporated the Green 
Investment Company of Walla Walla for the purpose of handling the business 
afifairs of Mary F. Green, his mother-in-law. This corporation is heavily interested 
in both city and country real estate, and its holdings are scattered throughout the 
state of Washington. 

There is no man more familiar with property values and conditions in this 
section of the country than Mr. Langdon. At the-.pr.esent-tim€--be;is one of the 
joint owners and managers of the Baker-Laiigdon Orch&.fd '■Company of Walla 
Walla, owners of a six hundred acre apple orchard- ■'ddjoinihg 'the city of Walla 
Walla, which is recognized as one of the finest cou;injercial orchard', properties in 
the United States; is also vice president and -nmna^er of tlie Gre^n Investment 
Company of Walla Walla ; a director of the Baker-Boyer National Bank of Walla 
Walla, the oldest bank in the state of Washington ; is vice president of the Blalock 
Fruit Company, owning the largest fruit and vegetable farm in the northwest; is a 
director of the Northwestern Fruit Exchange of Seattle and New York, one of 
the largest and most widely known fruit shippers in the northwest, and has still 
other interests which place him in the foremost rank of the business men of this 
section of the country. 

On the i6th of September, 1897, Mr. Langdon was married to Miss Philinda 
Green, who was born in Walla Walla, a daughter of William O. and Mary F. 
(Young) Green, who were pioneers of the Walla Walla valley, having crossed the 
plains by team at a very early period in the settlement of the northwest. Mr. 
and Mrs. Langdon have become parents of two sons: Warren Orville and John 
Green, both now attending Walla Walla high school. 

While most important business interests have claimed the attention of Mr. 
Langdon, he has also found time and opportunity to cooperate in plans and 
measures for the public good and has been a most generous supporter of interests 
which are looking toward the upbuilding and development of city and state. 

The cause of education finds in him a stalwart champion and he is a member 
of the board of trustees of Whitman College and chairman of the board of 
directors of the Whitman Conservatory of Music. He is also a director and vice 
president of the Walla Walla Commercial Club and chairman of its agricultural 
and horticultural committee. Elected president of the park board of Walla Walla, 
Mr. Langdon set about to construct an ideal park for the city. The city council 

Vol. n — 18 



466 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

having set aside a beautiful tract of forty acres owned by the city, for park 
purposes, Mr. Langdon prepared, with his own hands, plans for the park, and 
working in conjunction with the Woman's Park Chib of Walla Walla, assisted 
in developing an unusually attractive landscape, embracing play grounds, boating 
lake, tiny streams and waterfalls, now known as City Park. Recently he has 
prepared elaborate plans for tlie development of Dreamland Park on Ninth street. 
He is now and for many years past has been secretary of the board of trustees of 
St. Paul's School, which was the first school for girls in the territory of Washing- 
ton, and today is recognized as one of the state's best educational institutions. 

Holding membership in St. Paul's Episcopal church, he has served for years 
as one of its vestrymen and as its junior warden. He is one of the trustees of 
the newly organized Young Women's Christian Asociation, and as the first vice 
president of the Young Men's Christian Association in Walla Walla assisted 
materially in raising funds for the construction of an elegant building for this 
association in Walla Walla. Mr. Langdon is chairman of the membership com- 
mittee of the Red Cross in Walla Walla; vice president of the Washington State 
Harvesters League; and a member of the state executive committee for food con- 
servation appointed by Herbert Hoover, chairman of food conservation. Mr. 
Langdon is interested in art, and has done some exceedingly creditable photo- 
graphic work among the northwest Indians and has reproduced in enlargements 
and panoramas historical scenes in the states of Oregon and Washington, many 
of which he has personally hand-colored. He thoroughly enjoys home life and 
takes great pleasure in the society of his family and friends. 

He is always courteous, kindly and affable and those who know him personally 
entertain for him vrarm regard. A man of great natural ability, his success in 
business from the beginning of his residence in Walla Walla has been uniform 
and rapid. 

As has been truly remarked, after all that may be done for a man in the way 
of giving him early opportunities for obtaining the requirements which are found 
in schools and in books, he must essentially formulate, determine and give shape 
to his own character, and this is what Mr. Langdon has done. He has persevered 
in the pursuit of a persistent purpose and gained a most satisfactory reward. He 
has endeavored to make his life exemplary in all respects and he has ever sup- 
ported those interests which are calculated to uplift and benefit humanity. 



JOHN BACHTOLD. 



John Bachtold is a well known and representative business man of Walla 
Walla who is now proprietor and manager of the Dacres Hotel, one of the leading 
hostelries of the city. He comes from a land that has produced many famous 
hotel proprietors. In every country on the face of the globe the Swiss have 
proven their capability in that field, many of the finest hotels of every land being 
conducted by those who were born within the shadow of the Alps. Mr. Bach- 
told was born in Switzerland in 1865 and spent the first fourteen years of his 
life in his native country. He then crossed the Atlantic to America and became 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 467 

a resident of South Dakota, where he engaged in farm work for nine years. 
On the expiration of that period he arrived in Washington, making his way to 
Grays Harbor, where he secured a position as clerk in a hotel, thus receiving 
his initial business training in the line to which he now directs his energies. 
The next year he became proprietor of a hotel in Oswego, Oregon. 

In 1892 Mr. Bachtold removed to Walla Walla, where he established a 
restaurant. The following year, however, he turned his attention to other busi- 
ness interests, in which he was engaged for several years. At length he took 
over the management of the Dacres Hotel, which is an excellent hostlery, well 
equipped, while his keen interest in the successful management of the business 
leads him to put forth every effort for the comfort and welfare of his guests. 
He is likewise identified with several other business concerns of the city, all 
of which profit by his sound judgment and indefatigable energy. That Mr. 
Bachtold is deeply interested in the city's welfare has been manifest by his in- 
tense activity in maintaining the efficiency of the volunteer fire department, of 
which he was the president. He has also been very active in fraternal circles 
as a member of the Improved Order of Red Men, the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, the Foresters, the Eagles and the Sons of Hermann. He is also 
connected with the Maennerchor, which indicates his love of music and a cul- 
tivated taste in that direction. 

Mr. Bachtold was married in Grays Harbor in 1892 to Miss Annie Schuerch 
and to them have been born six children, Ida, Annie, George, John, Edward and 
Walter. Mr. Bachtold has never had occasion to regret his determination to 
come to the new world, for in this land he has found the opportunities which 
he sought and in their utilization has made steady progress along the high road 
to success. 



GEORGE J. GUTHRIDGE. 

Walla Walla rightly takes pride in her efficient fire department, which is 
highly systematized and is conducted along the most modern methods, and as 
chief of the department George J- Guthridge has accomplished work that en- 
titles him to rank among the best fire chiefs of the northwest. He is a native 
son of Walla Walla, born April 7, 1870, in the house which he now occupies 
though it has since been remodeled. His parents, Benjamin G. and Ellen J. 
(Goss) Guthridge, were born respectively in London, England, and Cork, Ire- 
land, but came to the United States in young manhood and young womanhood. 
At that time the father had been dependent upon his own resources for a number 
of years, as he ran away from home when a boy and went to sea and in the next 
few years visited all the principal ports of the world. It was in 1862 that he 
decided to settle permanently in the United States and the vessel on which he was 
then sailing, on putting into Portland, Oregon, was wrecked on the Columbia 
river bar, he and the negro cook being the only persons rescued. At that time 
there was considerable excitement in the northwest over the newly discovered 
mines in Idaho and he went to that section, where he remained for a short period. 



468 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

after which he drifted to Walla Walla. There he engaged in the restaurant busi- 
ness for a time and then turned his attention to the conduct of a meat market. 
He was engaged in that business for a quarter of a century and derived there- 
from a gratifying profit which enabled him to retire. Having disposed of his 
private interests, he was then ofifered and accepted the appointment as steward 
of the state penitentiary, being the first man to hold that position after the 
institution had been removed from Seattle. For seven years he filled that im- 
portant and difficult position and then retired from all active work, spending his 
last years in well deserved leisure. His death occurred June 4, 1912. He had 
survived his wife for many years, as she passed away July 21, 1885. 

George J. Guthridge was reared under the parental roof and attended the 
Catholic boys' schools of Walla Walla and also took a business course in a night 
school. As a youth and young man he assisted his father in the management of 
his butchering business and after the latter disposed of his meat market the 
son was variously employed until 1890, when he was appointed a member of 
the city fire department. He served in that capacity for two years and then 
was for a similar length of time deputy sheriff. Again he became connected 
with the fire department but following an accident in 1896, which occurred when 
answering a fire call and in which his leg and ankle were broken, he was for 
four years out of the department. In icpo, however, he returned to the service 
and in April, 1904, was appointed captain. In January, 19 12, he was appointed 
assistant chief and on the ist of February, 1917, was made chief. His long 
experience in the department has given him .-a thorough knowledge of the needs 
of the service and as captain, assistant chief and chief he has worked tirelessly 
and efi'ectively to raise the work to an ever higher standard. 

On the 1st of October, 1902, Mr. Guthridge was united in marriage to Miss 
Augusta Berg, who was born August 17, 1879, six miles east of Vancouver, 
Washington, but at the age of ten years removed with her parents to North 
Yamhill, Oregon, living there until her marriage. Air. and Mrs. Guthridge 
have become parents of six children, five of whom survive : Eugene, thirteen 
years old ; Francis ; Albert ; Leona ; and Walter. 

Mr. Guthridge is a republican in politics and fraternally is identified with 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen, the Improved Order of Red Men, the 
Fraternal Order of Eagles and the Knights of Columbus. He and his family are 
members of tlie Catholic church and support the work of that organization. 
His entire life has been passed in the west and he is thoroughly imbued with 
the spirit of enterprise characteristic of this country and has great faith in the 
prosperous future before it. 



D. C. EATON. 



D. C. Eaton, a member of the present board of county commissioners, resid- 
ing in Waitsburg, is ranked among the extensive wheat farmers of Walla Walla 
county, within the borders of which he has made his home for almost four 
decades and where he has acquired some quite valuable land. His birth occurred 
in Rock county, Wisconsin, on the 19th of September, 1854, his parents being 



^-y- 






f: 



V 



D. C. EATON 




MRS. D. C. EATON 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 473 

Asael and Amanda (Pineo) Eaton, who were born, reared and married in Nova 
Scotia. Soon after their marriage they crossed the border into the United States, 
locating first in DeKalb county, Ilhnois, and a few years later in Wisconsin. 
Subsequently they took up their abode in Allamakee county, Iowa, and there 
spent the remainder of their lives. 

D. C. Eaton acquired his education in the public schools of Iowa and in 1877, 
when a young man of twenty-two years, he left the parental roof to make his own 
way in the world. Journeying westward to the coast, he spent a year or more in 
the vicinity of Portland, Oregon, and in the spring of 1878 came to Walla Walla 
county, Washington. Here he was engaged in the stock business for seven or 
eight years and about 1886 he turned his attention to farming, which has claimed 
his time and energies continuously since. Success has crowned his efforts in 
the intervening years, he now being numbered among the extensive wheat growers 
of Walla Walla county. 

On July 15, 1886, Mr. Eaton was united in marriage to Miss Melvina Sickler, 
of Waitsburg, who is a native daughter of Walla Walla county, her father, 
Daniel Sickler, having crossed the plains in an early day. They have become 
the parents of six children, five of whom survive, namely : Clarence, who is a 
graduate of the State Agricultural College at Pullman of the class of 1910 and 
who now operates one of his father's ranches ; and May, Marcia, Gladys and 
Ruth, all of whom are attending the State Agricultural ; College at Pullman. 

Politically Mr. Eaton is a stanch republican and/in _iSc)S he was elected to the 
board of county commissioners, in which connection he made an excellent record 
and to which office he was again chosen in the November election of 1916, so 
that he is again serving at the present time. . . FraternaUy he. is identified with 
the Masons, belonging to Waitsburg Lodge, No. 16, A. F. & A. M. ; Dayton 
Chapter, No. 5, R. A. M.; Walla Walla Commandery, K. T. ; and El Katif 
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Spokane. His is a highly creditable record and 
he well deserves mention in this volume as one of the foremost farmers and 
representative citizens of the county. 



FRED GAYLORD WILLS. 

Fred Gay lord Wills was born August 24, 1884, in Arlington, Oregon, a son 
of W. H. and Clara (Oviatt) Wills. The father was born in Plymouth, England, 
and when twenty-one years of age came to the states, settling in Cleveland, Ohio. 
In 1879 he made his way to the Palouse country to buy sheep and after spending 
tlie winter at Endicott came to Walla Walla. He considered this locality as 
the most desirable that he had seen and accordingly decided to make it his perma- 
nent home. He was married at Walla Walla to Miss Clara Oviatt, who was born 
in Akron, Summit county, Ohio, and resided there until the early '80s, when 
she came to Walla Walla and made her home with a sister until her marriage. 
Mr. and Mrs. Wills have watched with great interest the development of what 
was a mere hamlet to a prosperous and up-to-date city of over twenty-five 
thousand inhabitants and they have at all times done their full share in con- 
tributing to its upbuilding. 



474 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Fred Gaylord Wills attended the public schools of Walla Walla, Whitman 
Academy at Walla Walla, the Rindge Manual Training School at Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, and the University of Washington at Seattle, which in 1908 
conferred upon him the degree of LL. B. It had been his intention to devote 
his life to the legal profession but being offered a position in July, 1908, a short 
time after his graduation, he entered the employ of the First National Bank of 
Walla Walla as messenger. In 1910 he was appointed deputy clerk of the 
superior court of Walla Walla county and while holding that office in addition 
to discharging his duties in that capacity he was employed in the First National 
Bank, working there after the hour of closing at the clerk's office. In 1912 he 
went to Seattle and for a short time engaged in the real estate business there, 
after which he went to Tacoma, where he turned his attention to accounting, 
which profession he has since followed. In 191 6 he returned to Walla Walla 
and he has met with gratifying success here. His acquaintance among the busi- 
ness men of the city and his excellent business and official record were important 
factors in his obtaining the appointment of city clerk. He understands thor- 
oughly the principles of finance and accounting, and his work gives uniform 
satisfaction. 

Mr. Wills was appointed city clerk on the 20th of January, 191 7, and his 
prompt and capable performance of his duties has won for him the commenda- 
tion of the citizens. He has always given careful study to the questions and 
issues of the day and has been a stanch supporter of plans and projects calcu- 
lated to promote the civic interests of his city and county. The greater part 
of his life has been passed in Walla Walla, and his genuine personal worth is 
indicated by the fact that those who have been intimately associated with him 
since boyhood are his stanchest friends. 

On the i6th of June, 1917, Mr. Wills was married in Walla Walla to Aliss 
Dorothy Frances Drum, who was graduated from the University of Washington 
with the A. B. degree and who from 1914 to 191 7 was assistant librarian of the 
public library at Walla Walla. Her father, Henry Drum, was appointed warden 
of the state penitentiary by Governor Lister in 191 2 and still holds that office. 



WILLIAM LAMBIE. 



William Lambie, prominent as a horse breeder and farmer of Garfield county, 
living on section 31, township 14 north, range 43 east, was born near Glasgow, 
Scotland, March 15, 1846, a son of John and Margaret (Bryson) Lambie, both 
of whom were born in the neighborhood of Glasgow, where they spent their 
entire lives, the father devoting his time and attention to the occupation of farm- 
ing in order to provide for his family. His son, William Lambie, was reared 
under the parental roof and acquired a public school education. On attaining his 
twenty-finst year he bade adieu to the land of hills and heather and made his way 
to New Zealand, where he spent four years. He then came to the United States, 
making his way to the Hawaiian Islands and thence to San Francisco. He spent 
a short time in the Sacramento valley of California, after which he removed 
from San Francisco to Portland, making the trip by steamer. He spent one 




WILLIAM LAMBIE 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 477 

month in the harvest fields of the Willamette valley and then came by steamer 
up the Columbia river to Wallula and thence by wagon to Walla Walla, Wash- 
ington. This was in the summer of 1871. When he saw the Blue mountains and 
the Walla Walla valley he said to himself that he would travel no farther. Dur- 
ing that fall and the succeeding winter he was employed by James Foster, located 
at the foot of the mountain and the following spring he started out to find land 
for himself. He assisted a party with cattle upon the Palouse river below Colfax 
and slept on the floor in his own blanket in the only house in sight in Colfax at 
that time. He then journeyed northward in search of land near the much-talked- 
of route of the Northern Pacific Railroad, which at that time, however, had not 
been surveyed. He pushed on to the neighborhood of Medical Lake, where he 
located on a beautiful prairie sloping toward the south. He then returned to 
Walla Walla for a team and wagon, and when he again traveled over the route 
he brought back with him some garden seed and grain and planted ten acres of his 
land that first season. In the summer he worked for a stock man upon the 
present site of the town of Sprague, putting up hay. In August he returned to 
his own place to look after his crop, but found that his potatoes had been frosted 
and he, therefore, abandoned his claim. That fall he started down the creek 
with his team and located in a big meadow on Cow creek, where he cut and 
sold hay, the purchaser being Thomas Durry, a sheep man. In this business he 
engaged for four years and afterward sold the ranch to Mr. Durry for eight hun- 
dred dollars. He then went to Lower Crab creek and bought mares with his 
money and began the breeding of horses/' l^'^tht J^,' (iiriSjj he took up his 
abode upon what has since been his home farm and; in jthe. fall of that year he 
did the first plowing done on the bench land in 'the north half of Garfield county. 
He first preempted one hundred and sixty acres and at' the saine time took up 
a timber claim, while three years later he purchased -one- Iwndr^d and sixty acres 
of railroad land. This constituted the nucleus of his present extensive posses- 
sions and gave him his start toward his later success. From time to time he has 
bought adjoining land until his present holdings comprise something more than 
twenty-one hundred acres and he operates under lease four hundred and eighty 
acres in addition, which he has cultivated for more than a quarter of a century. 
He has been one of the foremost breeders of thoroughbred draft horses in 
southeastern Washington and for the first fifteen years he specialized in the 
breeding of Clydesdales, for which breed he has gained a wide reputation. For 
the last ten or twelve years he has given his attention largely to the breeding of 
black Percheron horses and has gained an enviable reputation in this respect 
throughout the entire northwest. He is regarded as one of the foremost breed- 
ers and one of the most reliable judges of good horses in Washington. In con- 
nection with his extensive operations as a breeder Mr. Lambie farms eight hun- 
dred acres to wheat and has one hundred and ten acres planted to alfalfa and 
annually he produces splendid crops because his methods are practical and pro- 
gressive. 

In 1880 Mr. Lambie was united in marriage to Miss Emma Clark, of Fresno, 
California, by whom he had two children, one of whom survives, John Hazen, 
who is a resident of Longbeach, California. Mrs. Lambie has a home at Long- 
beach, California, where she spends much of her time, and Air. Lambie there 



478 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

passes the winter months, while in the summer seasons he remains in Washington 
to superintend his business interests. 

He is a member of the Farmers Union and he does everything in his power 
to promote the interests of the agricuUurist and develop the farming possibihties 
of the state. He holds membership in the Unitarian church and is a man of 
genuine personal worth, progressive and reliable in business, patriotic in citizen- 
ship and at all times guiding his life by high and honorable principles. He has 
never had occasion to regret his determination to leave the land of his fathers 
and seek a home in the new world, for here he has found good opportunities and 
in their utilization has worked his way steadily upward until he is now num- 
bered among the prosperous residents of Garfield county. 



H. A. TRIPPEER, M. D. V. 

Dr. H. A. Trippeer is one of the leading veterinarians of southern Wash- 
ington and was one of the organizers of the Veterinary Hospital Company, 
which erected the fine City Veterinary Hospital of Walla Walla. His birth oc- 
curred in Peru, Indiana, July 6, i8Si, and he is a son of Joseph E. and Alice 
(Alexander) Trippeer, the former also a native of Peru, Indiana, and the latter 
of Linneus, Missouri. Their marriage occurred in the latter town, to which the 
father had removed with his parents. Not long after he was married, how- 
ever he returned to Indiana, and there engaged in breeding thoroughbred 
race horses and Devon cattle. In 1888 he took to Wasco county, Oregon, a 
number of horses and the first Devon cattle ever seen in the Pacific coast country. 
Among the horses was Mattie Mullen, who for a considerable period was the 
fastest short distance horse on the entire coast. He was prominently identified 
with live stock interests in the northwest for a number of years but is now living 
retired in Cove, Oregon. 

H. A. Trippeer early began assisting his father in the care of his fine stock 
and the experience thus gained has been of great benefit to him in his profes- 
sional career as a veterinarian. In 1904 he entered the Washington State Col- 
lege at Pullman and after two years' work in the veterinary department of that' 
school he went to Chicago and continued his course in the famous McKillip 
Veterinary College, from which he was graduated with the class of 1907. He 
then came to Walla Walla and took the United States examination for veterinarian 
at Fort Walla Walla. While awiting the action of the government on his appli- 
cation he entered into private practice at Walla Walla in partnership with Dr. 
J. W. Woods and as he met with marked success in that connection he decided 
to continue in private practice. Two years later he. Dr. Woods and Dr. Bad- 
dely, organized the Veterinary Hospital Company, which later built the city Vet- 
erinary Hospital, an institution which is one of the best of its kind in the north- 
west. Later Dr. Baddely withdrew from the company, selling his interest therein 
to Dr. Woods and Dr. Trippeer. The partners have gained an enviable reputation 
for thorough scientific knowledge and skill in practice, and their patronage is 
large and steadily increasing. 

Dr. Trippeer married Miss Pearl G. Griffith, of Sioux City, Iowa, and they 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 479 

have become the parents of a daughter, Denise. The doctor belongs to Cove 
Lodge, No. 91, A. F. & A. M., of Cove, Oregon; to Walla Walla Lodge, No. 
287, B. P. O. E., and to the Walla Walla Commercial Club, in which connection 
he is associated with other enterprising business men in projects for the upbuild- 
ing of the city. He and his wife attend the services of the Episcopal church and 
are liberal in their support of its work. Since becoming a resident of Walla Walla 
the Doctor has gained a wide circle of friends and is held in the highest esteem 
both professionally and personally. 



ORLEY HULL. 



Attracted by gold discoveries in California, Orley Hull came to the Pacific 
coast and throughout the intervening period until his death was a resident of this 
section of the country. He was born in Iowa in 1825 and there the period of 
his boyhood and youth was passed amid the conditions of frontier life, for at 
that time the state of Iowa was yet a part of the great western territory that lay 
uninhabited and undeveloped west of the Mississippi. He continued in that 
state until he reached the age of twenty-four years, when the news reached him 
concerning the discovery of gold in California and he determined to try his for- 
tune upon the Pacific coast. Accordingly he made the necessary arrangements 
for the trip, securing a covered wagon and an ox team, with which he started 
across the plains in 1849. The journey was a long and arduous one over the hot 
stretches of sand and across the mountains, but he pushed on day after day and 
ultimately reached his destination. After spending some time in California he 
determined to make his way northward and came to Walla Walla county, Wash- 
ington. Here he took up the occupation of farming and stock raising, to which 
he devoted a number of years, becoming one of the representative agriculturists 
of the county. Eventually he established his home in Walla Walla, where his 
last days were passed. 

It was in Walla Walla that Mr. Hull was united in marriage to Mrs. Hannah 
M. Laird, a native of Rochester, New York, and a daughter of Dr. Hiram 
Preston, of that city. After reaching womanhood she married Leonard Laird 
and they subsequently removed to Minnesota, where he engaged in farming for 
a time. He possessed considerable musical talent and took an active interest in 
religious work. On leaving Minnesota he removed to Hillsboro, Oregon, where 
he conducted a hotel for two years, but about 1877 brought his family to Wash- 
ington, and located on a farm seven miles from Walla Walla, where he spent 
his remaining days, dying there in 1879. To Mr. and Mrs. Laird were born six 
children, of whom four are still living, namely: JVIiss Florence, a resident of 
Walla Walla ; George D., of Portland, Oregon ; Jennie, the widow of iVIillard 
Roff, of Walla Walla; and Nellie A., who is the widow of James A. Delaney and 
is living with her mother in Walla Walla. During the Spanish-American war 
Mr. Delaney entered the service and died of Manila fever. He left one child. 
Adrian L., now a guard at the Washington penitentiary in Walla Walla. 

Mr. Hull was a stalwart and loyal member of the Masonic fraternity, in the 
work of which he was actively and helpfully interested, being ever ready to extend 



480 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

a helping hand to a brother of the order. He also took an active part in the 
upbuilding of the city of Walla Walla and his aid and cooperation could be 
counted upon to further any measure or movement for the public good. Those 
who knew him esteemed him as a man of high purpose and of honorable life 
and when he passed away in April, 1892, his death was the occasion of deep and 
widespread regret in the southeastern section of the state, where he had long 
made his home and his funeral was widely attended. He was a man of marked 
integrity and his word was always as good as his bond. 



YANCEY C. BLALOCK, ^L D. 

With the lasting example of his honored father before him. Dr. Yancey C. 
Blalock has followed in his professional footsteps and has won a place among 
the eminent physicians and surgeons of Walla Walla. He was born in Mitchell 
county. North Carolina, August 3, 1859, a son of Dr. Nelson G. and Panthea A. 
(Durham) Blalock, of whom extended mention is made elsewhere in this work. 
During his infancy his parents removed with the family to Macon county, Illi- 
nois, and he was a youth of fourteen when they started across the plains to 
Walla Walla, making the long and arduous journey according to the primitive 
methods of the time. Dr. Blalock has a very vivid recollection of many of the 
events of the trip as they passed on over the long stretches of hot sand and 
through the mountain passes that eventually brought them to the J^acific Coast. 
His education was largely acquired in the public schools of Walla Walla and in 
the Whitman Seminary. At length he determined to make the practice of medi- 
cine his life work and accordingly in 1881 entered the Jefferson Medical College 
at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from which his father had graduated many years 
before. He completed his course in that institution as a member of the class 
of 1884, after which he returned at once to Walla Walla and for a time was 
associated with his father in the active practice of medicine and surgery. Later, 
however, he established himself independently in practice and in 1902 he ac- 
cepted the appointment to the position of receiver of the United States land office 
at Walla Walla, serving in that capacity for two years, at the end of which time 
he resigned to resume the private practice of his profession. He has since given 
his undivided thought and attention to his professional interests and is ranked 
today among the leading practitioners of the county. He is most conscientious in 
the perfonnance of his professional duties, recognizing how grave arc the respon- 
sibilities which confront the physician. 

In April, 1883, Dr. Blalock was united in marriage to Miss Julia Sanderson, 
a native daughter of Walla Walla, and to them was born a son, Jesse N. Mrs. 
Blalock passed away on the 6th of January, 1885, and in i8go Dr. Blalock 
was again married, this union being with Miss Lillian Ballou, a native of Illinois 
and a daughter of Orlando and Elizabeth (Boyd) Ballou. To this marriage has 
been born a daughter, Phoebe I. 

For many years Dr. Blalock has been prominent in fraternal circles. He has 
membership in Blue Mountain Lodge, No. 13, F. & A. M., of which he is a past 
master, and he also belongs to Walla Walla Chapter, No. i, R. A. M., of which he 




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PUBLIC l: 



rii n 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 483 

is past high priest. He has taken the Knights Templar degree in Washington 
Commandery, of which he is a past eminent commander, and he belongs to 
Oriental Consistory, A. & A. S. R., of Spokane. He has also crossed the sands 
of the desert with El Katif Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Spokane, and he and 
his wife are members of Alki Chapter, No. 25, O. E. S., of which Dr. Blalock 
is past patron, while his wife is a past matron. In Masonic circles the doctor 
occupies a very prominent position and is a past grand master of the grand lodge 
of the state and a past eminent commander of the grand commandery of the 
state. He likewise served as grand secretary of the grand chapter of the Royal 
Arch Masons for a number of years and was grand recorder of the grand com- 
mandery. Knights Templar. On March 6, 1914, he received the honorary thirty- 
third degree. 

Dr. Blalock has occupied various civic offices and for three terms was county 
coroner. He served in the volunteer fire department of Walla Walla for twenty- 
two years, six of which he was chief. He is always loyal in positions of public 
trust and in all of his service in behalf of the community has been actuated by 
a singleness of purpose that has brought good results for the community. His 
political allegiance is given the republican party and he is an active and earnest 
worker in its ranks. He has served as chairman of the republican county central 
committee and puts forth every legitimate effort to further the success of the 
principles in which he so firmly believes. His prominence, professional and 
otherwise, is the outcome of his ability, his fidelity to duty and his high standards. 
His sterling characteristics commend him to the "confidence ,and goodwill of all 
and throughout Walla Walla county, where almost his entire liie.has been passed, 
he has a circle of friends almost equal to the circle of his acqua,-intance. 



THOMAS GILKERSON. 



Thomas Gilkerson, who is residing on the family homestead in Walla Walla 
township, Walla Walla county, was born in England, October 19, 1837. His 
parents, George and Sarah (Rayson) Gilkerson, were also born in that country 
and in 1843 came with their family to America. They took up their residence in 
New York state, living there during their remaining days. To them were born 
seven children, of whom five survive, namely: Mrs. Mary Wallace, of Spokane; 
Thomas, of this review; James and William, who are living in New York; and 
Frances, who is now the wife of Thomas Curry, of Homer, New York. 

Thomas Gilkerson grew to manhood in New York and there received his 
education. In i860, when a young man, he and his brother James came west to 
Walla Walla county, Washington, and he of this review took up a homestead in 
Walla Walla township, where he has since remained. He proved successful in his 
farming operations and later from time to time added to his holdings, becoming 
the owner of a large and valuable tract. He now leaves the active work of the 
farm to others but still gives supervision to the management of his interests. He 
has gained a competence and the period of leisure which he is now enjoying is 

well deserved. 

In 1862 Mr. Gilkerson was united in mariage to Mrs. Eliza (Sickles) Mc- 



4S4 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Whirk and they have had five cliildren, of whom three are hving, namely: Harry, 
Thomas J. and Dewitt A. 

Mr. Gilkerson has supported the democraic party since gaining the right of 
franchise and has taken the interest of a good citizen in pubHc affairs although 
never an aspirant for office. He has been identified with Walla Walla township 
for more than a half century and during that time has always proven a loyal 
citizen and a man of sterling worth. 



CLINTON D. DAVIS. 



Clinton D. Davis, who has lived in Garfield county continuously since 1878, 
covering a period of four decades, now owns three hundred and thirty-three 
acres of land on section 6, township 13 north, range 43 east, and is well known 
as one of the substantial farmers of the Mayview district. His birth occurred 
in Marion county, Oregon, on the 12th of December, 1854, his parents being 
Leander and Mary (Cox) Davis, the former a native of Ohio and the latter of 
Indiana. Leander Davis crossed the plains as a young man in 1846 or 1847, ^'id 
at the same time Mary Cox, yet a young girl, accompanied her parents to Oregon, 
her father taking up a donation claim in Marion county. Mr. Davis also took 
up a donation claim in the same county and it was there that he was later 
married and spent the remainder of his life, passing away in 1875 at the age 
of forty-eight years. He served as a member of the Oregon legislature in 1866 
and made a most excellent record in that connection. His widow continued her 
residence on the donation claim in Marion county, Oregon, until the time of her 
death, which occurred in the seventieth year of her age. 

Clinton D. Davis attended the public schools at Silverton in the acquirement 
of an education and was about seventeen years of age when he began providing 
for his own support. During the following five years he worked for wages and 
was then married. He had saved enough money to feel justified in starting out 
independently as an agriculturist and in 1878 he brought his bride to Washington 
and took up a homestead in Garfield county which is a part of his present home 
farm, on which he has resided continuously to this time. As his financial 
resources have increased, owing to his untiring industry and capable manage- 
ment, he has extended the boundaries of his place by purchase until it now 
embraces three hundred and thirty-three acres. The properly yields him a grati- 
fying annual income and he has long been numbered among the representative 
agriculturists and substantial citizens of the county. 

In 1877 Mr. Davis was united in marriage to Aliss Elmira Hubbard, of 
Marion county, Oregon, a daughter of Joseph Hubbard, who crossed the plains 
from Illinois to Oregon in 1855 and took up a donation claim in Marion county, 
where he spent the remainder of his life. Mr. and Mrs. Davis became the parents 
of three children, namely: Edith, who is deceased; Alvin, at home; and Ella, 
who holds a clerical position in Spokane. 

In politics Mr. Davis is a stanch republican, having supported the men and 
measures of that party since age conferred upon him the right of franchise. 
He has witnessed the development of this section of the state from pioneer times 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 487 

to modern and has borne his share in the work of progress and improvement, 
while in the conduct of his private business interests he has also manifested the 
sterling traits of character which have won him the high regard and esteem of 
his fellow citizens. 



DANIEL HAYES. 



Daniel Hayes is one of the well known and honored pioneer settlers of Walla 
Walla county. Six decades have come and gone since he arrived in the state of 
Washington, and there is not a feature of its development with which he is not 
familiar. He has had many interesting and varied experiences incident to the 
life of a pioneer, and his memory forms a connecting link between the primitive 
past and the progressive present. 

Daniel Hayes was born in County Tipperary, Ireland, in the year 1840. His 
parents died while he was yet a boy, and at the age of twelve years he came to 
America, where a brother and sister had emigrated some years before. When 
in America but a short time he went to work as an errand boy for James A. 
Hamilton, a son of Alexander Hamilton, patriot and statesman, at his beautiful 
home on the Hudson river. He was affectionately known to the Hamilton family 
as "little Danny," and the only schooling he ever received was from Mr. Hamil- 
ton's daughter Angelica, who became interested in him and taught him evenings. 
Mr. Hayes has never forgotten his benefactress, and his youngest daughter bears 
her name. When seventeen years of age he left this good home and the oppor- 
tunities he was promised, and came west. He made the trip by the way of the 
Isthmus of Panama and landed in San Fra«cisco in April, 1857. Shortly after 
arriving in San Francisco, he entered the employ of the government in the quar- 
termaster's department. He served for eleven months at Benicia, California, 
and then went to The Dalles, Oregon, with Captain Jordan. In 1858, when on the 
way to Fort Simcoe with a government train of forty wagons, news war re- 
ceived of Colonel Steptoe's defeat in a battle with the Indians near the present 
site of Rosalia. They then returned to The Dalles, where Colonel Wright fitted 
out troops, and moved to the mouth of the Tucanon river where Fort Taylor 
was built. Mr. Hayes was the driver of an ammunition wagon and brought 
supplies to Fort Taylor, where Major Wise was stationed. When Fort Taylor 
was abandoned he joined Captain Mullan's command and assisted in building 
the military road from Fort Walla Walla to Fort Benton, Montana. In 1861 he 
left the employ of the government and went to the mines at Orofino, Idaho. There 
he took up a claim and engaged in mining during the summer of that year. He 
later bought a pack train and engaged in the business of freighting until 1873, 
when he settled on the farm where he still resides. 

At the outbreak of the Spanish-American war in 1898, Mr. Hayes ofTered 
his services to the government and was appointed by Quartermaster Cameron at 
Fort Walla Walla, to take charge of a pack train in Cuba. He served in Cuba 
during the period of the war, carrying food and ammunition to the American 
soldiers at the front. 

Mr. Hayes was twice married. In 1873 he was married to Miss Elizabeth O'- 



488 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Donnell, who died in 1876. The two children born lo them died in early childhood. 
In 1879 he married Miss Mary Carrol, who like her husband was a native of 
Ireland and who still survives. Nine children were born to them, eight of whom 
are still living, one having died in infancy. The daughters are: Catherine (Mrs. 
W. C. Anderson), Nellie (Mrs. B. G. Wiley), Margaret (Mrs. William Upton), 
and Angela; the sons are Parnell, Tom, John and Leo. There are three grand- 
children, Elinor and John Edward Wiley and William Upton. 

Mr. Hayes and his family are all members of the Roman Catholic church, 
and give their political allegiance to the democratic party. His youngest son came 
of age just in time to cast the tenth vote in the family for the reelection of Wood 
row Wilson. The story of his life proves that Daniel Hayes was a sturdy pioneer 
whose life has been closely identified with the early history of the state of Wash- 
ington, and who was a man always willing to accept his share of hardships and 
always eager to serve his country. When war was declared on Germany he had 
reached an age when he could no longer be of service, but was proud in the 
knowledge that his children would take up the duties for which he was no longer 
fitted. Shortly after declaration of war his son John enlisted in the United States 
Marine Corps, and his daughter Angela joined the Army Nurse Corps. The 
former is at present stationed at Galveston, Texas, and the latter at Honolulu. 

Mr. Hayes has lived to see the pioneer cabins replaced by the more commodi- 
ous and beautiful homes on the farms as well as in the cities. He has seen his 
family grow to manhood and womanhood, and though not possessed of wealthy 
he is spending his late years in comfort on his productive farm in the foothills. 
He takes great pleasure in discussing his many interesting experiences, and when 
in a reminiscent mood can relate most thrilling tales of the days when the Indians 
were contsantly on the warpath, and when he and his comrades traveled many 
miles over unbroken roads, swam their horses across swollen streams, and often 
subsisted for days on scanty rations. He has now passed the seventy-seventh mile- 
stone in life's journey, but is still hale and hearty and boasts an endurance equal 
to that of his sons. 



MARCUS ZUGER. 



Few men control farming interests of such extent in Walla Walla county as 
does Marcus Ziiger, who is the owner of forty-two hundred acres of land. More- 
over, he figures in financial circles as the president of the Exchange Bank of 
Waitsburg. Alert and enterprising in business, he has carefully watched his 
opportunities, which he has wisely improved, and his energy and determination 
have carried him forward into important relations in business circles. A native 
of Switzerland, he was born June 18, 1852. a son of Carl and Elizabeth (Horner) 
Zuger, who were also natives of the land of the Alps, where they spent their 
entire lives and reared their family of twelve children, eight of wliom are now 
living. 

Marcus Ziiger was reared and educated in Switzerland and in 1871, when 
a young man of nineteen years, bade adieu to friends and native country in order 
to try his fortune in the new world. Crossing the Atlantic, he spent five years in 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 489 

Boston, Massachusetts, but in 1877 'leard and heeded the call of the west. It 
was in that year that he arrived in Walla Walla county, Washington, and took 
up a homestead claim on which he built a box house. In true pioneer style he 
began life on the western frontier, but with the passing years he has been able 
to secure all of the comforts and conveniences known to the older east, for his 
labors have brought substantial success and his sound judgment has enabled him 
to wisely invest his earnings in real estate. Adding to his property from time 
to time, his landed possessions now aggregate forty-two hundred acres in the 
great wheat belt of southeastern Washington. He is now extensively engaged 
in the raising of wheat and also pays some attention to stock raising, he and his 
sons farming all of his land. His cooperation has also been sought in connection 
with banking and he is now the president of the Exchange Bank of Waitsburg. 

In June, 1872, in Boston, Massachusetts, Mr. Ziiger was united in marriage 
to Miss Magdalena Jacober, a native of Switzerland, and they became the parents 
of five sons: Fred, who has passed away; Marcus, a farmer; Carl, who died 
while serving in the Spanish- American war; and Henry and Frank, who are 
associated with their father and their brother Marcus in farming operations. 
The wife and mother passed away in February, 1909, and was laid to rest in the 
Catholic cemetery in Walla Walla. Her death was the occasion of deep regret 
not only to her family but to many friends, for she had gained the warm regard 
and friendship of many with whom she had been brought in contact. 

Fraternally Mr. Ziiger is connected with the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men. He has always voted the republican ticket since becoming a naturalized 
American citizen and he has done active service for the community as a member 
of the school board. He has never regretted his determination to come to 
America, for here he found the business opportunities which he sought and 
has steadily worked his way upward, winning the proud title of a self-made man. 
He arrayed determination, perseverance and capability against drawbacks, 
poverty and trials and the result was absolutely certain, for the former three 
are invincible — they know no defeat. He today therefore ranks among the most 
prosperous residents of Walla Walla county and his activities are of a character 
that have contributed much to the agricultural development of this section of the 
state. Making his home in Waitsburg, he is now able to enjoy all of the com- 
forts and some of the luxuries of life and the most envious cannot grudge him 
his success, so worthily has it been won. 



JOHN W. WOODS, D. V. S. 

Dr. John W. Woods, one of the incorporators of the Veterinary Hospital 
Company, builders of the City Veterinary Hospital of Walla Walla, was born 
in Contra Costa county, California, on the 20th of May, 1868. His parents, Daniel 
and Sarah (Golden) Woods, crossed the plains to California about the time of 
the gold excitement in that state, locating in Contra Costa county, where the 
father engaged in mining and subsequently turned his attention to merchandis- 
ing. Both he and his wife remained residents of Contra Costa county, California, 
until called to their final rest. 



490 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

In the acquirement of an education John W. Woods attended the public and 
night schools of Stockton and Fresno. Having determined upon the practice of 
veterinary surgery as a life work, he took up the study of that profession in early 
manhood and in 1898 he entered the veterinary department of the Washington 
State College, being graduated from that institution in 1902. For a year following 
his graduation he served as house surgeon at the college and on the expiration 
of that period he located for practice in Dayton, Washington, there remaining 
for two years. The year 1906 witnessed his arrival in Walla Walla and for a 
short period he practiced independently here but in 1907 became associated with 
Dr. Herman A. Trippeer, with offices on Main street. Dr. Woods, Dr. Trippeer 
and Dr. J. C. Baddely organized the Veterinary Hospital Company and built the 
City Veterinary Hospital. In 1915 the two first named acquired Dr. Baddely's 
interests and have since conducted the business with marked success, having 
built up an extensive veterinary practice in Walla Walla and surrounding coun- 
ties. Their hospital is equipped with all modern needs and is recognized as a 
model of its kind. 

In 1902 Dr. Woods was united in marriage to Miss Ida M. Bruce, of Day- 
ton, Washington, by whom he has three children, two daughters and a son, name- 
ly : Vyvien B., Sylvan M. and Edwinna M. Dr. Woods gives his political alle- 
giance to the republican party and fraternally is identified with Blue Mountain 
Lodge, No. 13, A. F. & A. M. His wife is a consistent and devoted member of 
the Christian church. Both Dr. and Mrs. Woods are widely and favorably known ' 
in social circles of Walla Walla and the former enjoys an enviable reputation 
as a most successful representative of his profession. 



JOHN SMITH. 



A man of well balanced capacities and powers is always a strong character 
and one who inspires confidence in others; he may not have genius or any phe- 
nomenal characteristics, yet he is capable of mature judgment of his own capacities 
and of the people and circumstances that make up his life's contacts and experi- 
ences. He is eminently a man of business sense and easily avoids the mistakes 
and disasters that come to those who, though possessing remarkable faculties 
in some respects, are liable to erratic movements that result in unwarranted risk 
and failure. A man of well balanced mind, even temper and conservative habits 
is not necessarily lacking in enterprise of the kind tliat leads to great accomplish- 
ments. What a man does and what he attains depend largely upon his opportuni- 
ties, but the well balanced man mentally and physically is possessed of sufficient 
courage to venture where favoring opportunity is ])resenled and his judgment 
and even-paced energy generally carry him forward to the goal of success. 
Such has been the record of John Smith, a hardware and implement dealer, whose 
activities not only center in Walla Walla but also extend to Waitsburg. Washing- 
ton, and formerly to Milton. Oregon. In a word he is one of the foremost mer- 
chants and business men of the northwest, constantly alert to o]ij)ortunities which 
he uses wisely and well. 

Mr. Smith was born in Casco. Wisconsin, on the 16th of June, 1863, a son 



^ 



X 




JIRS. JOHN SillTII 




•TOHX SillTH 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 495 

of John M. and Kate (Larkin) Smith, both of whom were natives of Ireland. 
The father came to the United States with a brother when he was but a child, 
settling in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. In his youth he learned the stone mason's 
trade, to which he devoted many years of his life. He passed away at the age 
of seventy years, while his wife died at the age of sixty-seven years. She also 
came to the new world in childhood with her parents and in Wisconsin became 
the wife of John M. Smith. 

John Smith, whose name introduces this review, was reared upon the old 
homestead farm in Wisconsin, his father being an agriculturist as well as a stone 
mason. He therefore early became familiar with all duties and labors that fall to 
the lot of the agriculturist. He received but a limited education in the country 
schools of his district and at the age of fourteen years he went into the lumber 
woods of Wisconsin, since which time he has been dependent upon his own resour- 
ces. Although young, he was rugged of constitution and he spent several months 
at the heavy work in the logging camps, after which he entered upon an apprentice- 
ship to the blacksmith's trade and when still in his teens had become a skilled 
workman in iron. In 1884 he entered into partnership with John Huntamar and 
opened a blacksmith and horseshoeing shop. A year and a half later his partner 
withdrew from the firm and i\Ir. Smith was joined by others in the organization 
of the firm of Tierney, Smith & Company. This new company embarked in a 
wider field, taking over the manufacture of wagons and carriages as well as 
blacksmithing and horseshoeing. Two years later Mr. Smith sold his interest 
in the business, desiring to try his fortune in the west. 

It was in 1888 that he crossed the continent to become a resident of Walla 
Walla and here he entered the employ of E. F. Michael, of Laporte, Indiana, as 
a salesman of agricultural implements in Utah, Montana, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon 
and California. He sold goods for the Laporte house throughout these six 
states and remained in that position until 1893. "'hen he resigned and embarked 
in business on his own account, entering into partnership with H. V. Fuller. They 
opened an agricultural implement warehouse in Walla Walla under the style 
of Fuller & Smith. This undertaking proved profitable from the beginning and ' 
after a year Mr. Smith purchased the interest of his partner in the business, 
which he conducted alone for a year. He then opened a branch store in Waits- 
burg, Washington, and in 1900 he bought out the firm of McComber & McCann, 
hardware dealers of Waitsburg. The hardware store was then consolidated 
with his implement business and the new venture was incorporated under the 
firm name of the John Smith Hardware Company, with Mr. Smith as 
the president. In order to accommodate the enlarged business he erected a 
brick block, seventy by one hundred and twenty feet, the finest business block in 
Waitsburg. In 1901 the John Smith Company of Walla Walla was incorporated, 
with Mr. Smith as the president, and in 1903 the Smith-Allen Hardware Company 
of Milton, Oregon, was organized and incorporated, Mr. Smith also becoming 
the president of the last named company. His interests and activities in con- 
nection with the hardware and implement business are thus extensive and im- 
portant, his ramifying trade interests covering a broad territor>\ He carefully and 
wisely selects his stock, is reasonable in his prices, straightforward in his deal- 
ings and has ever recognized the fact that satisfied patrons are the best adver- 
tisement. He also has extensive land holdings in southeastern Washington and 
Vol. n — 19 



496 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

he is a heavy stockholder in the Tariff Silver Mine of British Columbia. He 
likewise has other property holdings. He was one of the organizers of the Inter- 
••^tate Building & Loan Association, the name of which was changed in 1916 to 
the Walla Walla Savings & Loan Association. Since its organization he has 
served on the loaning committee and also as one of its directors and has filled 
the office of vice president. During the fifteen years of its existence the company 
has made but two foreclosures. Efficiency has ever been his slogan and has 
constituted the foundation upon which he has built his success. He possesses an 
aggressive nature and his vocabulary knows no such word as fail. By keen at- 
tention to business, by careful management and by ready discrimination he has 
built up interests of large and profitable proportions which are the merited reward 
of his labors and which have placed him in the ranks of the foremost business 
men of the Inland Empire. 

In 1887 Mr. Smith was united in marriage to Miss Eliza Darrow, of Madison, 
South Dakota, who died the following year. On the 12th of October, 1897, Mr. 
Smith was married to Miss Mary E. Vaile, a daughter of Rufus and Minerva 
Vaile, who were among the-early settlers of Walla Walla. To this marriage there 
have been born seven children, five of whom survive, namely: Frank M., Mary 
Catherine, Edward Ralph, Helen B. and Bernice Elizabeth. Mr. Smith has three 
times been the victim of fires, each of which started on adjoining property and 
once almost a block away. These conflagrations swept away about forty thou- 
sand dollars worth of his property. The most disastrous of these occurred in 
1902, when his bam burned and two of his children, John, four years of age, and 
Zera, less than three years old, were playing there and were burned to death. 

It is a recognized fact in this day and age of the world that it is almost as 
essential to play well as to work well. In other words there must be recreation 
to act as a balance wheel to intense business activity lest commercialism should 
result in an undue development out of all proportion to other things. Fraternities 
])rovide the outlet for many men and Mr. Smith is among the active members 
of the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and the Ancient Order of Foresters. For almost thirty years he has 
also been a director and once served as president of the Pacific Northwest Hard- 
ware & Implement Association and has the unusual distinction of having never 
missed a meetmg of the board of directors. He votes with the republican party, 
to which he has always given his support since age conferred upon him the right 
of franchise. He takes an active interest in all public affairs but has never been 
an aspirant for office, and if asked the reason would probably answer that he 
has never had the time. Mrs. Smith has been a prominent member of the Walla 
Walla Shakespeare Club for ten years and has filled all of the offices in that 
organization, serving as its secretary for three terms. She is also a member of a 
committee of the Red Cross and is very active in its work. In early life she 
engaged in teaching for about eight years, having taught nine months of school 
when she celebrated the seventeenth anniversary of her birth. She taught for 
some time in the mountains of Oregon, near the Washington state line, and has 
also taught in this state. In church affiliation Mr. and Mrs. Smith are Catholics, 
loyal to the teachings of their denomination. He has justly won the proud 
American title of a self-made man, for he started out in life empty-handed when 
a youth of fourteen and his boyhood was a period of earnest and unremitting 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 497 

labor. Li fact he has led a most strenuous life and activity and diligence have been 
the crowning points in his career, winning for him the prosperity which he now 
enjoys. 



BERTON DELANY. 



Among the native sons of the Pacific northwest who have elected to continue 
their residence in this section after reaching man's estate is Berton Delany, a well 
known farmer of Columbia county, whose birth occurred in Walla Walla county, 
April 12, 1884. His parents, George and Olive (Day) Delany, were born re- 
spectively in Tennessee and West Virginia. In 1843 the father crossed the plains 
with his parents when but twelve years of age and the family located in Marion 
county, Oregon. There he remained until 1858, when he came to the Walla 
Walla valley. He participated in the Rogue River Indian war. In 1864 he en- 
gaged in stock raising on an extensive scale in the Grande Ronde valley but in 
1870 removed to the Crab creek country of Washington, where he devoted his 
attention to cattle raising until his return to the Walla Walla valley in 1880. Here 
he began raising grain. He was one of the earliest pioneers of this section, and 
here he spent his last days. 

Berton Delany, who is one of six living children in a family of eight, was 
reared under the parental roof and attended the common and high schools in 
the acquirement of his education. He has concentrated his energies upon raising 
stock and grain, and since beginning his independent career has gained a place 
among the leaders in the agricultural development of Columbia county. He now 
owns two thousand acres, most of which is planted to wheat, and the manage- 
ment of his farm leaves him little time for participation in public affairs. 

Mr. Delany was married in 1906 to Miss Mamie Henten, and they have two 
daughters, Dorothy O., and Sarah M. Mr. Delany belongs to Starbuck Lodge, 
No. 106, A. F. & A. M., at Starbuck, in which he has filled part of the chairs, and 
also to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows of that place. His wife is iden- 
tified with the Order of the Eastern Star. 



PINCKNEY N. HARRIS. 

Pinckney N. Harris, a prominent real estate dealer who has negotiated some 
of the most important realty transactions in the history of Walla Walla, was 
bom in North Carolina, June 18, 1877, ^ son of Sidney Butler and Mary Ann 
(Cooper) Harris, both natives of North Carolina, where they lived and died. 
To them were bom nine children, of whom our subject is the eighth in order of 
birth and of whom only four now survive. The father served throughout the 
entire period of the Civil war and was so fortunate as to come out without a 
scratch. He was mustered out of the military service at Chattanooga, after which 
he returned to North Carolina, where he engaged in farming until he passed 
away in 1898. His widow survived for sixteen years, her death occurring in 1914. 



498 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Pinckney N. Harris grew to manhood under the parental roof and in the 
acquirement of his education attended the district schools. As a young man he 
held the position of foreman in a large tannery for two years but at the time 
of the Spanish-American war put aside all personal interests and enlisted in 
Company B, First Tennessee Volunteer Infantry, with which he was connected 
until 1900, when he received his discharge in Nebraska. He then located in 
Walla Walla county, Washington, and for three years followed agricultural pur- 
suits, with which he had become familiar in his boyhood. Later he was for one 
and a half years engaged in mercantile business at Prescott, after which he dis- 
posed of his interests there and removed to Walla Walla, where he has since 
been active in the real estate field. He has carried through some of the largest 
sales of real estate that had ever been made in the county and is generally recog- 
nized as an authority upon conditions and prices in his line of work. He owns 
prsonally a number of valuable pieces of property in Walla Walla and has great 
faith in the future of the city, believing that realty here will show a steady in- 
crease in value. 

In 1904 Mr. Harris was united in marriage to Miss Edith Ogden, who is a 
native of Oklahoma and is a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ogden. Her 
parents now reside in Waitsburg, Washington, but were born respectively in 
Illinois and Kentucky. To Mr. and Mrs. Harris have been born three children, 
Arline, Edgar and Arthur T. 

Mr. Harris is a member of the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks at Walla 
Walla and he also belongs to the Commercial Club, which numbers within its 
ranks practically all of the public-spirited and up-to-date business men of the 
city. He has won prominence in real estate circles and his success is doubly 
creditable in that it is due entirely to his own efforts. 



CHARLES THOMAS MAXWELL. 

Charles Thomas Maxwell is one of the pioneer photographers of western 
Washington, conducting a gallery at Walla Walla. He arrived in this state in 
April, 1883, and through all the intervening period, covering more than a third 
of a century, he has been closely associated with the photographic art and has 
maintained the highest standards in his work. He has been identified with the 
business in several of the leading cities of the state but has long maintained a 
studio in Walla Walla, where he makes his home. 

Thomas Maxwell, as he is called, was born at Piney, Monroe county, Ten- 
nessee, May 20, 1865, a son of Samuel G. and Martha E. (Allison) Maxwell. 
He is connected in the paternal line with the Greer family. His great-grand- 
father, Samuel Greer, was a soldier of the Revolutionary war, serving as a private 
in Cajitain Asa Hill's company of the Second Battalion of the Cumberland County 
(Pa.) Militia. In the maternal line Mr. Maxwell is connected with the Allison 
family, his great-grandfather, John Allison, serving as a captain under Colonel 
Isaac of Sullivan county, Tennessee, in the battle of Kings Mountain in October, 
7780. and otherwise actively sharing in all the experiences which went to make 
u]5 the record of the Continental soldier in the Revolutionary war. His great- 




CHARLES T. MAXWELL 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 501 

great-grandfather, John Allison, emigrating from Ireland, became a resident of 
Pennsylvania and was one of the Allison family from whom have descended the 
well known Allisons of Pennsylvania, also W. B. Allison of Iowa and Nancy 
C Allison) McKinley. the mother of President William McKinley. Samuel G. 
Maxwell, father of C. Thomas Maxwell, was born about a mile from Jonesboro, 
Tennessee, in 1820 and there passed away in 1867. He had attained the thirty- 
second degree in Masonry at the age of twenty-four years. His wife was born 
in Jonesboro, Tennessee, in 1826 and died in Walla Walla in 1901. Both were 
educated in Jonesboro and they had a family of ten children, of whom Thomas 
was the youngest. His eldest brother was killed in the Civil war before the birth 
of Thomas. 

The latter acquired a district school education at Piney and Sweetwater, Ten- 
nessee, and was a youth of eighteen years when in April, 1883, he came to Wash- 
in'3-ton, making his way to Dayton, where he entered into business with his brother, 
Joseph D. Maxwell, who was a photographer and had made photographs in Walla 
Walla in 1878. He had reached Washington territory in 1877 and continued in 
the photographic business until his death, which occurred in 191 5. Thomas Max- 
well and his brother Joseph were the first photographers in Spokane, opening a 
permanent studio there in 1884. They were later joined by two other brothers, 
Grayson Y. and W. W. Maxwell, and they conducted three studios for many 
years — one in Spokane, one in Dayton and one ift Walla Walla. Thomas Maxwell 
took charge of the Walla Walla establishment and is still conducting business in 
this city. He has at all times kept in close touch with the most advanced and 
progressive methods and employs the latest scientific processes in photographic 
production. 

On the 3d of July, 191 1, in Walla Walla, Washington, Mr. Maxwell was 
united in marriage to Miss May Bradlee, who was bom at San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia, December 12, 1882. The birth of her father, Frank Kimball Bradlee. 
occurred in California in 1849. Mr. and Airs. Maxwell have one son, Charles 
Thomas (called Thomas), who was born on the i6th of July, 1913. 

In politics Mr. Maxwell sometimes votes the democratic ticket, sometimes the 
republican. In fact he is non-partisan, supporting the candidates whom he thinks 
best qualified for office. For many years he has been identified with the Benev- 
olent Protective Order of Elks and is also a member of the Loyal Order of 
Moose. His religious faith is that of the Presbyterian church. His has been an 
active, useful and honorable life, winning him the high esteem of all with whom 
he has come in contact, and Walla Walla has long numbered him among its 
valued, respected and representative citizens. 



ALEXANDER MILNE. 



Alexander Milne, who owns valuable farm holdings in Umatilla county. 
Oregon, now resides in Walla Walla and is well and favorably known in the 
city. He was born in Scotland, August i, 1856, a son of William and Janet 
(Reid) Milne, also natives of that country, where they passed their entire lives. 
Our subject, who is one of three living children in a family of eight, received 



502 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

his education in his native country and remained with his parents until he was 
seventeen years old. He then started out on his own account and came to Amer- 
ica, believing that this country offered better opportunities to an ambitious young 
man than the older countries of Europe. He went at once to Umatilla county, 
Oregon, and for some time was employed as a common laborer, although later he 
was engaged in railroad work and in freighting. In 1882 he purchased a farm 
in Umatilla county, Oregon, and for almost three decades his time and atten- 
tion were given to the operation of that place. He worked hard and, moreover, 
so planned his labors as to receive the maximum result and the business phase 
of farming also received his careful study and he accumulated a competence 
which in 1910 enabled him to retire from active life. He then rented his farm 
of three hundred and twenty acres and removed to Walla Walla. The value of 
his place is enhanced by the excellence of the improvements thereon and he 
derives a good income from its rental. 

In 1887 Mr. Milne was united in marriage to Miss Mary Armour, a native 
of Canada, and they have one son, Edmund, who after graduating from Whitman 
College went to Harvard University, where he completed his course in 1915. 
He is now a member of the faculty of Bowdoin College of Brunswick, Maine. 

Mr. Milne is a stanch republican but his interests in public aft'airs is that of a 
public-spirited citizen and not that of "4' would-be office holder. His wife belongs 
to the Presbyterian church and his-'^support can always be counted upon for 
movements seeking higher moral standards. Although he came to the northwest 
a boy in his teens without mon«y or any usual advantages of any kind he has 
through his own efforts gained financial independence and justly ranks as one 
of the substantial residents of Walla Walla. 



I. C. MELGER. 



J. C. Melger, who since 1914 has owned and operated the farm that he now 
occupies on section 14, township 8 north, range 37 east in Walla Walla county, 
has in the course of an active and well spent life won substantial reward from his 
labors. While he acquired the ownership of his present farm only three years ago 
he has long been a resident of Walla Walla county, where he arrived in 1888, while 
Washington was still a territory. He was born in Russia, Janpary 31, 186S, a 
son of Christ and Mary (Layman) Melger, both of whom spent their entire 
lives in Russia. 

J. C. Melger was reared to his eighteenth year in his native country and 
acquired his education in its public schools. The favorable reports which had 
reached him concerning America and its opportunities led him to the determination 
to try his fortune in the new world and in 1886 he bade adieu to friends and natixe 
country and sailed for the United States. He was penniless when he arrived in 
New York city, but a fellow traveler advanced him money with which to reach 
Chicago and from there he wired to some friends in Kansas to send him the 
funds to continue his journey westward. Accordingly he made his way to the 
Sunflower state, where he spent two years. But still the lure of the west was 
upon him, beckoning him farther on, and in 1888 he made his way to the Pacific 




iraS. J. C. MELGER 




J. C. MELGER 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 507 

coast country. It was in that year that he arrived in Walla Walla county, Wash- 
ington, where he secured employment on a ranch. He thus worked, for eleven 
years in order to gain a start, after which he began farming on his own account 
as a renter. He was thus engaged until 1914, when his industry and economy had 
brought him sufficient capital to enable him to purchase his present place, com- 
prising two hundred and eighteen acres, on which he now resides. He has 
since operated this farm and in connection with his home place he cultivates one 
hundred and sixty acres of rented land. He is industrious and energetic and is 
meeting with good success in his undertakings. 

On July 20, 1915, Mr. Melger was united in marriage to Mrs. Clara Matthews 
and to them has been born a son, Clyde Joseph. By her former marriage Mrs. 
Melger had a daughter, Mary Thelma. Politically Mr. Melger is a republican, 
having supported the party since becoming a naturalized American citizen. His 
study of the political questions and issues of the day has led him to a belief in 
the efficacy of republican principles as a factor in good government. He belongs 
to Welcome Lodge, No. 117, L O. O. F., of Dixie, and to Mountain Gem Lodge, 
No. 136, K. r. He came to this country a poor boy unable to speak the English 
language, but he soon mastered the tongue of his adopted land and he is today 
one of the progressive and influential men of his section, actuated in all that he 
does by the spirit of western enterprise and. allowing no obstacles or difficulties 
to bar his path if they can be overcome by persistent, earnest and honorable 
effort. 



HARRY W. MARTIN. 



Harry W. Martin is one of the wide-awake and enterprising business men 
of Walla Walla county. He is now secretary and treasurer of the Blalock Fruit 
& Produce Company of Walla Walla, becoming half owner in this business in 
April, 1917. He was born in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, June 4, 1875, a son of 
Levi F. and Julia (Girard) Martin, both of whom were natives of the state of 
New York, whence they removed westward to Wisconsin after their marriage. 
The mother died in Wisconsin and at a later period, following his retirement 
from active business, the father came to Walla Walla and spent the last five 
years of his life in the home of his son, Harry W., passing away in 1910. He was 
for many years one of the leading business men of Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, 
where during the years of his active business life he devoted his attention to 
merchandising. 

Well defined business plans and purposes have actuated Harry W. Martin 
at every point in his career since he made his initial step in the business world. 
He was educated in the public schools of Chippewa Falls and in the University 
of Wisconsin, thus being splendidly qualified for life's practical duties and re- 
sponsibilities. On the completion of his university course he became associated 
with his father in merchandising and was identified with the business until 1898, 
when he responded to the call of the west and made his way to Walla Walla. 
His first business connection here was with the Pacific Coast Elevator Company, 
with which he was associated for four years. Subsequently he served as private 



508 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

secretary to the firm of Moore & Sons, the senior partner being Governor Miles 
C. Moore. That association was maintained for two years, at the end of which 
time Mr. Martin became teller of the Baker-Boyer National Bank, in which capac- 
ity he continued for six years. He then resigned on the organization of the In- 
land Transfer Company, which he formed as a partner of R. H. Johnson. That 
business was subseuqently sold to good advantage and Mr. Martin continued 
with Mr. Johnson as office manager of the Electric Feed Mill. During his con- 
nection with Mr. Johnson he also conducted a fire insurance business on his 
own account and yet remains active in that line, writing a large amount of insur- 
ance each year. In 1917 he purchased a half interest in the Blalock Fruit & 
Produce Company, of which he became the secretary and treasurer, and he is now 
bending his efiforts to the executive management and direction of this business, 
which, carefully conducted, is meeting with very substantial success. 

In 1904 Mr. Martin was united in marriage to Miss Ada Goodhue, her father 
being James P. Goodhue, one of the pioneers of Walla Walla. Mr. and Mrs. 
Martin now have two daughters, Marion and George. 

Mr. Martin gives his political allegiance to the democratic party, while fra- 
ternally he is identified with the following organizations : Blue Mountain Lodge. 
No. 13, A. F. & A. M., of which he is a past master; Walla Walla Chapter, No. i, 
R. A. M. ; Washington Commandery, No. i, K. T. ; Oriental Consistory, No. 2, 
A. & A. S. R.; El Katif Temple A. A. O. N. M. S., of Spokane; and Walla 
Walla Lodge, No. 287, B. P. O. E. Loyalty to any cause which he espouses has 
ever been one of the marked characteristics of Mr. Martin. Those who know 
him recognize his sterling worth, place dependence upon his substantial quali- 
ties and feel that his word is as good as his bond, for that fact has been demon- 
strated throughout his entire connection with the business interests of the west. 
The limitless opportunities of the Pacific coast country make constant call to the 
men of business ability and learning of the east and Mr. Martin has found here 
ample opportunity for the exercise of his industrj' and enterprise — his dominant 
qualities. 



FRANK ZUGER. 



Xo student of history can carry his investigations far into the records of 
Walla Walla county without learning of the close and prominent connection which 
the Ziiger family has had with the agricultural development of this section of the 
state. Their labors have been of the greatest benefit in converting the wild land 
into productive fields, making the Walla Walla valley one of the great wheat 
producing regions of the northwest. Frank Ziiger is now extensi\ely engaged in 
farming on section 2. township 9 north, range ■}{/ east. It was in this township 
of Walla Walla county that he was born August 4, 1888, his parents being Marcus 
and Martha (Jacober) Ziiger, of whom mention is made elsewhere in this work. 
He pursued a district school education, suj^plemented by study in the city schools 
of Walla Walla and by a course in the Empire Business College, thus becoming 
well qualified for life's ]>ractical and responsible duties. In 1908, at the age of 
tw°nly years, he began farming on his own account, operating a portion of his 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 509 

father's extensive land holdings, and at the present time he is cultivating between 
sixteen and seventeen hundred acres of wheat land, thus being one of the big 
operators in this section of the state. His great broad fields, a waving sea of 
grain, are a delight to the eye, indicating the ready response which nature makes 
when intelligent care and cultivation are applied to the fields. 

On the I5ih of September, 1908, Mr. Ziiger was united in marriage to Miss 
Lulu Edith Corkrum, a daughter of Jasper Corkrum, who was one of the early 
]iioneers of \\'alla \\'a\h county but is now residing in Alberta, Canada. To 
this union have been bom four children, Martha Magdalene, Wanda Belle, 
Walter Elroy and Frances Elizabeth. 

In his political views Mr. Ziiger is an earnest republican. Fraternally he is 
connected with Delta Lodge, Xo. 70, K. P., and with El Kinda Temple, D. O. K. 
K., of Walla Walla. He is also a member of Waitsburg Lodge, F. & A. M. His 
business attainments place him with the foremost representatives of agricultural 
life in this section of the state. He is alert, energetic and resourceful in business 
affairs, while at the same time his influence and aid are given on the side of 
progress and improvement. His entire life has been actuated by a spirit of 
advancement and he stands for a high type of American manhood and citizenship. 



P. S. ALDRICH. 



The time and attention of P. S. Aldrich, a resident of Walla Walla, are 
given to the supervision of his farming interests. He is a native of Walla 
Walla county, born January 6, 1877, and is a son of Milton and Sarah Ann 
(Stanfield) Aldrich. The father was born in New York state, and the mother 
in Iowa. In their youth they became convinced that there were better oppor- 
tunities for advancement in the far west. They made the long journey across 
the plains with ox teams and located in Walla Walla county, Washington, 
where, after their marriage, they engaged in farming. The father passed 
away here in 1910, but the mother survives at the age of seventy-two years. 
They became the parents of three children : Dora, now the wife of F. M. 
Walker ; Fred ; and P. S., of this review. 

The last named has passed his entire life in Walla Walla county and is 
indebted for his education to its public schools. Under his father's able direc- 
tion he early became familiar with farm work and aided in the operation of 
the homestead until he became of age. He then began his independent career 
and since starting out for himself his resources have steadily increased. He 
now owns eight hundred acres of good land in Walla Walla county and is 
engaged in both wheat and stock raising, finding such a course more profitable 
than specializing in either industry. He owns an attractive and commodious 
residence in Walla Walla and is financially independent. 

Mr. Aldrich was married in 1908 to Miss Mary Abbey, who was born in 
Clay county, Iowa, and they have become the parents of three children, Percy 
M., Robert W. and Hazel E. Mr. and Mrs. Aldrich hold membership in the 
Methodist Episcopal church and do everything in their power to further its 
work. Mr. Aldrich supports the republican party but has never held office 



510 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

with the exception of serving on the school board. He is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows at Dixie and is also identilicd with the 
Elks. The same qualities which have made him popular in those organizations 
have gained him the goodwill of all who have come in contact with him. 
Eastern Washington oiifers the best of opportunities to her citizens but in order 
to gain success a man must be ready to take advantage of these opportunities 
and must display the characteristics of industry, determination and good judg- 
ment, all of which are strongly marked characteristics of P. S. Aldrich. 



A. G. WEARY. 



A. G. Weary is well known in agricultural and financial circles in Walla 
Walla county. He is engaged in farming on section 12, township 6 north, range 
32 east, and he is a member of the board of directors of the Touchet State Bank. 
England numbers him among her native sons, for he was born in that country in 
the county of Cornwall, August 2, 1861, his parents being Edwin and Eliza 
( Oliver) Weary. The mother died in England in 1877, the father having come 
to the United States about 1870. For several years he worked in the mines of 
Pennsylvania and of Nevada. About 1878 he arrived in Walla Walla county, 
Washington, where he turned his attention to farming and, adding to his posses- 
sions from time to time as his financial resources permitted, he acquired twelve 
hundred and forty acres of land in the vicinity of Touchet and a tract of one 
hundred and sixty acres about six miles west of the town. He was also heavily 
interested in both the cattle and sheep industries, owMiing five thousand head of 
sheep at the time of his death. In a word he was a most progressive, enterprising 
and prosperous business man, owing his success entirely to well directed energy 
and thrift. He died July 21, 1896, while his wife had passed away in 1877. 

A. G. Weary came to the United States in 1878, when a youth of seventeen 
years. He had acquired his education in the public schools of England, sup- 
plemented by an academic course, and after reaching the new world he worked 
on his father's ranch and was associated with his father in the live stock business 
up to the time of the latter's death. He is now the owner of nine hundred and 
twenty acres of rich and valuable land and is still extensively engaged in raising 
cattle and sheep in connection with the operation of his fields. In fact he stands 
as one of the foremost farmers and stock raisers in eastern Washington, and in 
addition to tilling his own soil he also operates six hundred and forty acres 
belonging to his father's estate which was willed to the children of Mr. Weary. 
He has been one of the dominant factors in the organization of the Touchet 
State Bank and was made a member of its board of directors, in which position he 
still continues. 

On November 2, 1901, Mr. Weary was united in marriage to Miss Minnie 
Hesser, a native of Germany, who emigrated to the United States in young 
womanhood. They have two children, Edwin F. and Hilda M., both at home. 

In politics Mr. Weary is a republican and he belongs to the Community 
church of Touchet, while his wife is identified with the Lutheran church. Their 
aid and influence are always given on the side of progress and improvement, of 




A. G. WEARY AND FAMILY 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 513 

righteousness, truth and reform. Mr. Weary is a man of marked force, abiHty 
and resourcefulness. His plans are well defined and promptly executed. He 
recognizes and utilizes opportunities that others pass heedlessly by, and fortunate 
in possessing character and ability that inspire confidence in others, the simple 
weight of these qualities has carried him into important relations. He is today 
one of the foremost business men of Walla Walla county and his course has won 
him honor and the respect of all vvitli whom he has been associated. 



A. B. ROTHROCK. 



Among the highly esteemed residents of Walla Walla is A. B. Rothrock, who 
is now renting his large farm and is living retired after many years devoted to 
agricultural pursuits. He was born in Marion county, Oregon, June 5, 1870, a 
.son of A. B. and Lucretia C. (Cox) Rothrock, natives respectively of North 
Carolina and Kentucky. The father's birth occurred in 1816 and in 1839 he 
removed to Illinois, which at that time was still largiely unsettled. In 1863 he once 
more moved westward, going to Iowa, and tWo yfears later he was again num- 
bered with the pioneers, crossing the plains in that yeat to Oregon. He engaged 
in farming for some time in Marion county,!, tha^.state, but in 1868 removed 
to Umatilla county, where he developed a large' herd of cattle, becoming one of 
the leading cattlemen of that section. When the countfy'treea-me .so. thickly settled 
that the free ranges disappeared he turned his attention to wheat growing and in 
that connection, too, won prominence and prosperity. He was a man of such 
energy and such unusual soundness of judgment that he gained a position of 
leadership in whatever he undertook. In his later years he removed to Weston 
in order to give his children better school advantages and there his death occurred 
in 1881. His widow survived for many years, dying in 1912. 

A. B. Rothrock was reared at home and after attending the district schools 
continued his education in the Oregon State Normal School at Weston. He 
received practical training of great value under his father, as from boyhood he 
assisted the latter in his extensive farming operations. After reaching mature 
years he continued to work with his father until he was about twenty-five years 
old, when he began farming independently, renting the home farm of four hun- 
dred acres. In 1902 he purchased three hundred and sixty-nine acres of land in 
Umatilla county, which he farmed in connection with the home place, the suc- 
cessful management of the seven hundred and sixty-nine acres of land requiring 
his undivided time and attention. He continued to reside upon the home farm 
until 1909, when he removed with his family to Walla Walla in order to the bet- 
ter educate his children. He continued, however, to give personal supervision to 
the cultivation of his farm in Umatilla county, Oregon. In 191 5 he purchased 
the homestead and now owns about eight hundred acres of land, which he is rent- 
ing, as he feels that he has earned a period of leisure. The success which he 
gained as a farmer was due to the same qualities of foresight, energy and close 
application to his work that characterize the prosperous business man and he 
has always felt that agriculture should be recognized as having the same status 
as other industries. 



514 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

On the 25th of August, 1897, Mr. Rothrock was married to Miss May Steen. 
a daughter of Milton Steen, one of the pioneer farmers of Umatilla county. To 
this union have been born four children : Velma S., who was graduated from 
the Walla Walla high school with the class of 191 7; Forrest B. and Arthur, who 
are attending the Sharpstein school; and James S. 

Mr. Rothrock gives his political allegiance to the democratic party but has 
never cared to take an active part in public affairs. However, his influence has 
been felt as a force making for civic advancement and he has always discharged 
to the full all obligations resting upon him as a citizen. He belongs to Weston 
Lodge, No. 58, L O. O. F., of Weston, Oregon, and the teachings of the craft 
have guided him in the various relations of life. His salient qualities are such 
that to know him intimately is to respect him for his sterling worth, and his 
friends hold him in the warmest regard. 



DELOS H. COFFIN. 



An enterprising and active business man was Delos H. Coffin, who for man\' 
years was identified with farming interests in Walla Walla county and who 
passed away in 1909. His life record had spanned the intervening years from 
1854, and his diligence and determination had won him a substantial measure of 
success, numbering him among the self-made men of this section of the country. 
He was born in Boston, Massachusetts, August i, 1854, a son of George D. Coffin, 
who in 1855 crossed the plains with his family and cast in his lot with the 
pioneer settlers of Oregon. He took up his abode upon a farm and there Delos H. 
Coffin was reared, sharing with the others of the household in all of the hardships 
and privations which constitute features of pioneer life in the northwest. He 
also assisted in the arduous task of developing a new farm and early learned the 
value of industry and persistency of purpose as factors in the pursuits of life. 

In 1881 Mr. Coffin was united in marriage to Miss Stella Sickler, a native 
of Minnesota and a daughter of James and Mary (Cook) Sickler, who were 
natives of Pennsylvania, whence they removed westward to Minnesota in the 
early '50s. In 1859 they crossed the plains with ox teams and covered wagons to 
Washington, experiencing all the hardships of such a trip, and eventually they 
reached the Walla Walla valley, where they took up their abode upon a farm which 
the father purchased, his land including the present site of College Place. The 
original home of the family was a little log cabin and they lived in true frontier 
style until their labors enabled them to secure many of the comforts and con- 
veniences known to the older civilization of the east. The mother died upon the 
old homestead and the father afterward sold that property and removed to a 
farm which he purchased on Mill Creek. In their family were twelve children, 
of whom five are now living. 

After the marriage of Mr. Coffin he began farming on his own account, pur- 
chasing a tract of school land upon which not a furrow had been turned or an 
improvement made. He at once began to develop the property and in the course 
of years added fine buildings to the place. Tie later purchased more land and 
Mrs. Coffin is now the owner of two hundred and forty acres left to 




DELOS H. COFTIN 



Old walla walla county 517 

her by her husband. Since his death she has acquired another tract of 
two hundred acres and also bought a farm of one hundred and eighty- 
four and a third acres near Dixie. She Hkewise has four acres where she now 
hves, on which she has erected an attractive home. Her land is all wheat land, 
very rich and productive, and her fields annually bring to her gratifying harvests. 
Mrs. Coffin manages all of the estate and displays excellent business ability and 
resourcefulness in controlling her interests. 

Mr. Coffin departed this life in 1909. He was a consistent member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and was laid to rest in the Odd Fellows 
cemetery. He also belonged to the Fraternal Order of Eagles and took an active 
part in its work. His political allegiance was given to the republican party and 
he served as county commissioner. His was a well spent life, his career being one 
of activity and usefulness, and all who knew him entertained for him warm 
regard by reason of his many sterling traits of character. Like her husband, 
Mrs. Coffin is widely and favorably known in Walla Walla county and has a 
circle of friends almost coextensive with the circle of her acquaintance. 



SAMUEL B. SWEEInTEY. 

Samuel B. Sweeney, who is a well known landowner residmg in Walla Walla, 
is a native of the northwest, his birth having Otcurred in Oregon, May 24, 1858. 
His parents. Rev. Alexander W. and Angeline (Allen) Sweeney, were born 
respectively in Missouri and Tennessee. In 1847 the mother accompanied her 
parents to Oregon, the journey being made by ox team. On arriving there Mr. 
Allen took up a donation claim and there the family home was established. Rev. 
Sweeney became a resident of Oregon in 1850 and later was married in that 
state. Subsequently he spent some time in California but in 1872 he removed 
with his family to Waitsburg, Washington, whence two years later he came to 
Walla Walla, where he passed away. His widow, however, survives at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-one years. They were the parents of three children, of 
whom two survive. 

Samuel B. Sweeney attended school in both California and Oregon and in 
early manhood was a teacher in the old Whitman Collage. At length he decided 
to abandon that profession and turned his attention to farming, renting land 
until he had saved enough money to purchase a farm. He owns four hundred 
and eighty acres in Walla Walla county and also several smaller tracts of land 
and he derives from his holdings a gratifying annual income. His business 
affairs have been managed capably and he is now in excellent financial circum- 
stances. 

In 1893 Mr. Sweeney was married to Miss Adna Fudge, a native of Walla 
Walla county and a daughter of Adam and Mary (Perkins) Fudge. At an early 
day in the history of Oregon the Fudge family removed to that state, whence 
they eventually came to Walla Walla county. Washington. The father is now 
deceased but the mother still survives. To Mr. and Mrs. Sweeney have been 
born two children, Philip B. and Eleanor D., both of whom are attending the 
Oregon Agricultural College at Corvallis. 



518 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Mr. Sweeney was reared in the faith of the Presbyterian church, and his wife 
is a Christian Scientist. Lie is a stanch republican and has taken the interest of 
a good citizen in pubHc affairs but has not held office with the exception of serv- 
ing as a member of the school board. He belongs to the Masonic blue lodge of 
Walla Walla and in his daily life has exeniplitied the teachings of that order. 
Beginning his career empty-handed, he has reached the goal of success through 
quick recognition of opportunity, hard work and the careful management of his 
affairs. 



JOHN A. DANIELSON. 

John A. Danielson, residing in Waitsburg, is prominently connected with 
farming and live stock interests in Walla Walla county. He was bom in 
Sweden, January 7, 1862, his parents being Andrew and Anna (Anderson) 
Danielson, who came to the United States in 1865 and first took up their abode 
near Grand Rapids, Michigan. They settled on a farm there and continued to 
reside thereon until called to their final rest. John A. Danielson was but three 
years of age on the emigration of the family to the new world. He was reared 
and educated in the district schools and in the State Normal School at Ypsilanti, 
Michigan. 

For one term Mr. Danielson taught school in that state and in 1884 he came 
to Washington, settling on Whiskey creek in Walla Walla county, where he filed 
on a homestead and preempted another quarter section. He afterward purchased 
additional land, adding to his holdings from time to time until his possessions 
now aggregate three thousand acres. For the past eleven years he has made 
his home in Waitsburg in order that his children might enjoy the advantages of 
the public school system of this city. He is quite extensively engaged in cattle 
raising as well as in general farming, running two hundred head of Hereford 
cattle on his ranch. He is a most progressive agriculturist and stock raiser whose 
interests are wisely directed and carefully managed. He cultivates his farm 
according to the most progressive methods and as a stock raiser pays close atten- 
tion to all the scientific principles which have now become a feature of the live 
stock business on all up-to-date farms. He is likewise a stockholder and a mem- 
ber of the board of directors of the Farmers Union Warehouse Company. 

On November 8, 1891, Mr. Danielson was married to Miss Louisa J. Holder- 
man, of Columbia county, Washington. Her father, Gilderoy Holderman, came 
to this state from Missouri in 1879, settling in what is now Columbia county. 
His family joined him here in 1881. He was a Civil war veteran and his early 
death, which occurred October 28, 1883. was the direct result of wounds and 
exposure which he suffered while defending the Union cause on the battlefields 
of the south. To Mr. and Mrs. Danielson have been born twelve children, namely : 
Anna L., Jessie M., Frank, Naomi, Dewey, Cecil, Ralph; Lola, Roy, Inez, John 
A.. Jr., and one who died in infancy. The others are still under the parental 
roof. 

Mr. Danielson is a stalwart republican and for several years he served as 
a member of the school board while living on his farm and is now a member 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 519 

of the board of education in Waitsburg. He has never sought political ofl^ce. 
however, but is always to be found ready and willing to give his aid and assistance 
to any plans and measures which tend to uphold civic standards or advance the 
best interests of his conununity. He and his wife are members of the Aletho- 
dist Episcopal church, and they are held in the highest esteem by reason of their 
sterling worth, their integrity and their fidelity to all measures of individual 
and community uplift. Mr. Danielson certainly deserves much credit for what 
he has accomplished in a business way. He started out in life empty-handed 
but possessed the substantial qualities of industry and determination, and upon 
those qualities as a foundation he has builded his prosperity. IVIoreover, .the 
course he has pursued is indicative of the fact that success and an honored name 
may be won simultaneously. 



GEORGE L. BAILEY. 



Among those men who have found success in following agricultural pursuits 
and are now able to live retired is George L. Bailey, of Walla Walla, who was 
born near The Dalles, Oregon, on the loth of April, 1874, a son of Lyman J. and 
Mary (Graham) Bailey. The father was a native of New Hampshire and the 
mother of Missouri and they were married in Salilo, Oregon. The father's par- 
ents died when he was but a boy and at the age of nineteen, in the year 1849, he 
crossed the isthmus and made his way to the California gold fields. However, he 
did not work in the mines but drifted north into Oregon and settled at Salilo, 
where he learned the trade of a ship carpenter. For several years he was em- 
ployed by the Oregon & Washington Railroad & Navigation Company in boat 
building and during those years he was associated with Lew Thompson in the 
cattle business. Mr. Bailey working at his trade while Mr. Thompson took care 
of their cattle interests. In the hard winter of 1871-2 they lost most of their 
cattle and Mr. Bailey and Mr. Thompson then dissolved partnership and the for- 
mer gave up his position in the shipyard and went to Klickitat county, where he 
took up a homestead. He was the first settler and built the first house near Bickle- 
ton on Alder creek, hauling the lumber for floors some sixty miles. There he en- 
gaged in the live stock business and farming, being identified with those interests 
up to the time of his death. 

George L. Bailey, whose name introduces this review, pursued a public school 
education, which was supplemented by four years' study in Whitman Academy. 
Following the completion of his course there he went east to Boston, Massachu- 
setts, where he attended Burdett's Business College. On finishing his studies on 
the Atlantic coast he returned to Walla Walla and soon afterward was united in 
marriage, in July, 1898, to Miss Etta Aldrich, a daughter of Newton Aldrich, 
one of the earliest of Walla Walla county's pioneers, having come into this section 
of the state from California with a bunch of cattle in 1858. He was so favorably 
impressed with the country and its prospects that he decided to remain and make 
his home. Accordingly he took up a preemption claim two and a half miles south- 
west of Dixie and thereon resided to the time of his death, which occurred in li 
He was very successful and acquired large land holdings. 



520 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Mr. Bailey engaged in farming in Walla Walla county, his wife owning two 
hundred acres of land which she received from her father's estate, and Mr. 
Bailey's career as a farmer was begun upon that tract. As he has prospered in 
his undertakings he has purchased much other land and is now the owner of 
twelve hundred and eighty acres, nearly all of which is valuable wheat land. He 
continued to cultivate his fields until 1917 but has now rented his farm for the 
coming year and is giving his attention to other business interests. In wheat pro- 
duction he has been very successful. He has cultivated his land and cared for 
his crops according to the most modern methods and has annually gathered large 
harvests, the sale of which has added materially to his income and financial re- 
sources. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bailey have become the parents of the following children, Mil- 
dred E., Dorothy A., Helen A., Gladys L, Lyman N. and Donald L. All of the 
children are still at home and Mildred E. and Dorothy A. are attending high 
school. 

Mr. Bailey gives his political allegiance to the republican party and in religious 
faith he and his wife are Congregationalists. Both are widely known for their 
genuine worth. They have displayed many sterHng traits of character which have 
gained for them warm regard and as a business man Mr. Bailey has long occu- 
pied a creditable position in this section of the state. Notwithstanding the ob- 
stacles and difficulties in his path he has advanced steadily step by step and his 
orderly progression has brought him to a place among the most successful agri- 
culturists of Walla Walla county. 



PHILIP YENNEY. 



Philip Yenney, deceased, was for many years a well known and prominent 
agriculturist of western Washington. He became identified with the state in 
pioneer times and lived to witness the remarkable changes that were wrought 
as the work of development and improvement was carried forward, and with 
the passing years he bore his full share in the work of general progress and 
improvement. 

Mr. Yenney was a native of Germany and came to the United States when 
a youth of sixteen or seventeen years and for some time worked on the Potomac 
river in connection with its traffic interests, while subsequently he was employed 
by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company. Later he secured a situation on 
a plantation in Virginia and on leaving the Old Dominion went to Iowa, where 
he met the lady vvliom he afterward made his wife, her parents having removed 
from Pennsylvania to Indiana and subsequently to Iowa, where they were resid- 
ing at that time. In 1860 Mr. Yenney came to the northwest, which was then 
far removed from civilization, being cut off by the long stretches of hot sand 
and the high mountains that often seemed an insurmountable barrier to the 
traveler who would have desired to become a resident of the Pacific coast country. 
Undeterred by hardships and difficulties which he must meet, Mr. Yenney made 
his way to Washington and for some years was engaged in freighting between 
\\'alla Walla and the Idaho mines. The district into which he came bore little 



ilKS. I'llH.lP YEXNEY 




PHILIP YEXXEV 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 525 

resemblance to the highly developed section that one sees here today. After 
freigliting for a time he became connected with Mr. Still in the conduct of a 
trading post on Hangman's creek, near the present site of Spokane, a place which 
was then known as the California ranch. Subsequently he engaged in farming, 
with which he was prominently identified up to the time of his death, and as his 
financial resources increased he kept adding to his holdings by additional pur- 
chase until he had acquired some sixteen hundred acres of wheat land and one 
thousand acres of grazing land. He thus won a position among the foremost 
agriculturists of this state and his life record illustrates what it is possible to 
accomplish in the west when the individual possesses industi'y, determination and 
laudable ambition. 

In early manhood Philip Yenney was united in marriage to Miss Rachael 
^Vinnett, a native of Pennsylvania, and they became the parents of the following 
children. John Fred, born in Iowa, June 5, 1858, came with his parents to Wash- 
ington in i860 and was educated in Walla Walla. During his active business 
life he followed farming in Columbia county, but died at San Diego, California, 
where he had gone with the hope of benefiting his health. He was three times 
married and left a family of seven children. His third wife now makes her home 
in East Walla Walla. Sarah M., the second of the famdy, married James McKee, 
of Walla Walla, and they made their home at Pomeroy-. . She died, leaving a 
husband and si.x children. Robert C. was born, reared and educated in Walla 
Walla. He was graduated in 1889 from Whitman College. Subsequently he 
entered the University of Pennsylvania, where he pursued a medical course and 
was graduated with the degree of M. D. After spending one year in hospital 
work he located in Portland, where he has since engaged in practice. He is now 
at the head of a hospital unit ready for service when the government calls. Wil- 
liam H. and Lewis O. are represented on another page of this volume. Margaret, 
the youngest child, married Ernest E. Brown, of Spokane, where she now resides. 
Two children, Thomas J. and Anna R., died while young. 

Mr. Yenney was a consistent member of the Lutheran church and died in that 
faith on the 28th of June, 1905.' His life was at all times honorable and upright 
and commended him to the confidence and goodwill of those with whom he came 
in contact. His widow still survives him and now occupies the old family home 
at No. 834 East Alder street in Walla Walla. She, too, is a consistent Christian 
and has membership in the Methodist Episcopal church. 



WILLIAM H. YENNEY. 

The great wheat fields of Walla Walla county and the surrounding sections 
of this state and of northern Oregon are always a matter of marvel to the traveler, 
who thinks of the west as a region of mines and of forests and little realizes what 
wonderful strides have been made along agricultural lines. Prominent in con- 
nection with farming interests in Walla Walla county is William H. Yenney, 
who superintends his operations from his city home. 

He was born in this county October 17, 1869, and is a son of Philip and 
Rachael (Winnett) Yenney. He spent his early youth on the old home farm 



526 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

and was educated in the district schools and in Whitman College, which he at- 
tended for two years. After reaching adult age he continued to remain on the 
old homestead and cooperated with his father in the latter's extensive farming and 
horse raising enterprises. Since his father's death he and his brother Lewis 
have operated the farm in partnership and are classed among the most successful 
agriculturists of Walla Walla county. There is no phase of progressive farming 
with which they are not familiar and their thoroughly up-to-date methods produce 
splendid results. They have broad wheat fields and also produce other crops, 
while at the same time they are extensively and successfully engaged in stock- 
raising. In the spring of 1917 W. H. Yenney removed to Walla Walla, where 
he now lives in a handsome new residence at No. 20 Merriam street. 

At Dayton, Washington, Mr. Yenney was united in marriage to Miss Cora 
Edgell, a daughter of William and Sarah (Kuykendall) Edgell, of Illinois. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Yenney have been born four children, namely : Frank, who is 
now on the home ranch ; Philip, now attending high school ; and Clark and Richard, 
also in school. Philip Yenney is president of the champion football team of the 
northwest, which is the Walla Walla high school team. It has defeated all 
competitors in the northwest and also the Salt Lake City team. 

Mr. and Mrs. Yenney are active -workers on- committees for the successful 
prosecution of the war, being prominently connected with the work of the Red 
Cross, the Young Women's Christian Associatipn and the Young Men's Chn.stian 
Association. Mrs. Yenney is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church and, 
like her husband, enjoys the warrii regard and friendship of all with whom she 
has been associated. Her home is noted for its warm-hearted hospitality and is 
the center of a cultured society circle. Fraternally Mr. Yenney is connected with 
Washington Lodge, No. 19, I. O. O. F., and he gives his political allegiance to 
the democratic party. He is regarded as one of the foremost business men of 
Walla Walla county and there is no phase of modern day enterprise having to 
do with farming operations with which he is not familiar. 



LEWIS O. YENNEY. 



Lewis O. Yenney, a representative farmer of Walla Walla county, is resid- 
ing at No. 834 East Alder street in the city of Walla Walla. He has spent his 
entire life in this county, where his birth occurred on the 8th of May, 1872. He 
represents one of its old and prominent pioneer families, his parents being Philip 
J. and Rachael (Winnett) Yenney, who are mentioned elsewhere in this volume. 

His youthful experiences were those of the farmbred boy. He spent his early 
life under the parental roof and was early trained to the best methods of tilling 
the soil and caring for the crops. His education was acquired in the district 
schools, supplemented by study in Whitman College, and on reaching manhood 
he became the active assistant of his father and brother in the management of 
extensive farming interests. For some years prior to the father's death the 
brothers had entire charge of the important agricultural business which he had 
built up. He gave to them each an interest in the farm and since his death they 
have continued its cultivation and improvement. It is equipped with all of the 




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MRS. WIl.l.IAM H. YKXXKY 



OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 531 

latest accessories and conveniences known to the model farm of the twentieth 
century. There are large and commodious buildings for the shelter of grain and 
stock and the latest improved machinery promotes the work of the fields. 

Mr. Yenney resides with his mother and is looking after her interest, comfort 
and welfare in her old age, for she has now reached the age of eighty-five, having 
been born on the 22d of November, 1832. She is remarkably well preserved for 
one of her years and keeps in touch with interests and events of modern days. 
The fact that many of Mr. Yenney's warmest friends are those who have known 
him from his boyhood is an indication that his life has been an active, useful and 
honorable one. For forty-five years he has lived in this county and has witnessed 
much of its growth and development. He has seen its lands reclaimed and culti- 
vated, its forests cut and its other natural resources utilized. As the years have 
passed on he has borne his share in the work of general improvement and progress, 
while at the same time he has conducted his private business interests in a way 
that has brought very substantial results, and today Walla Walla county numbers 
him among her leading agriculturists. 



FRED GREENVILLE. 



Fred Greenville, of Walla Walla, who is engaged in farming, was born in 
Minnesota on the i6th of July, i860, a son of Peter and Jean (Mitchell) Green- 
ville. The father followed the occupation of farming in Rice county, Minne- 
sota, where he spent his entire life. Fred Greenville acquired a limited education 
in the common schools, but during much of the time when he should have at- 
tended school, his services were required upon the farm and his training was 
that of the fields rather than of the schoolroom. On reaching his twentieth year 
he came to Washingon in 1881, settling in Walla Walla county, where he began 
work as a farm hand. He continued to work for wages for a number of years 
but in 1881 tooTv up a homestead on the Eureka Flats, which he operated with 
hired help for several years. Subsequently he rented land and began farming 
for himself, and as his financial resources have increased, he has added to his 
holdings from time to time until his farming possessions now aggregate eleven 
hundred and twenty acres of valuable wheat land in Walla Walla county. In 
fact he is one of the leading wheat growers of this section of the state and cul- 
tivates fifteen hundred acres, renting three quarter sections of his land. He 
also leases a section and a half of land belonging to others and a qimrter section 
on Dry creek, together with a half section in Franklin county. His life history 
proves conclusively that activity doesn't tire, that it gives resisting power and 
develops further strength. He has learned how best to conserve time and effort 
and to make each blow tell in the accomplishment of his purpose. His business 
afifairs are most carefully systematized and the work of the farm is done in the 
same methodical manner as that of a commercial enterprise. 

In 1890 Mr. Greenville was united in marriage to Miss Amelia Timm, of 
Paha, Adams county, Washington, by whom he has five children, as follows: 
Ollie, the wife of Adolphus Myers, who is employed by her father; and Ettie, 
Lloyd, Lola and Howard, all at home. 



532 OLD WALLA WALLA COUNTY 

Mr. Greenville gives his political allegiance to the republican party and was 
elected to the board of county commissioners of Walla Walla county in 1908, 
serving in that capacity for one term. Fraternally he is identified with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, belonging to Trinity Lodge, No. 121, and also 
to the encampment and the canton. He is also a member of the Walla Walla 
Lodge, No. 287, B. P. O. E., of Walla Walla Aerie, No. 26, F. O. E., and of the 
Woodmen of the World. Notwithstanding his lack of early advantages and 
educational opportunities, Mr. Greenville has made steady progress in his busi- 
ness career and his ambition and energy, which are among liis most marked char- 
acteristics, constitute an example well worthy of emulation. 



H. A. REYNOLDS. 



H. A. Reynolds is largely concentrating his time and efTorts upon general 
agricultural pursuits, being located on the Ransom Clark donation claim adjoin- 
ing Walla Walla. He has, however, other important business connections and is 
well known as a progressive and representative citizen of his section of the state. 
He was born on the farm where he now resides, October 14, 1863, hi