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"Ye DailglrtBTS of Milslc Cmre ilp HIjIw." 



^?nA Qm QMEati 

JU.NE 1894 






-■ ■ J 


^•/fXPflfl (?H^I QmBGH 

Vof. 1. 

oJUNE, 1894. 

.\o. 1 

* - » 

• « " * — ■• 

- rf • 

TO BETA, GAMMA AND DELTA: : :'.';;:\- ''- • '- • 

At tbe annual convention of Alpba Cbi Umeija Sorority beld at 

* ft 

Kvanston, Illinois, early in Mari'li, 1894, it was decided to undertake tbe 

publication of a journal. Tbe Convention assigned tbe work of collect. 

ing and arranging tbe material and of general managomont to Alpba 

chapter, wbicb in turn transferred tbe responsibility to me. 

Since tbere were no explicit directions given at tbe Convention, I 

have followed what L felt to be tbe unexpressed wishes of all — that is, 

that Tbe Lyre should be convenient and simple, though not elegant in 

L wish to thank you for your promptness in forwarding 3*our letters, 

personals, etc, and to ask your indulgence for our tardiness in getting 

out the paper. Ma.mie Ada Jennings. 

Rn Historical Sketch. 

As Alpha Chi Omega nears the completion of her ninth year, it 
may, perhaps, be interesting to those who are now reaping the benefits of 
the past years of labor to learn something of the history of the early 
days of the sorority. 

On October 15th, 1885, James H. Howe, Dean of the School of 
Music, DePauw 'University, called together a few of the prominent 
students of school, and proposed to them the organization of a society, 
whose aim should be social improvement and the development of a 
deeper interest in their chosen branch of art. 

The proposition met with hearty approval, and upon further con. 
sideration it .was agfea^'io.fpund a ^reck letter sorority, similar to the 
organizations of the UAiVSi^fyV >lr;^Jaiift^9':G . Campbell, a member of 
one of the prominent Fr»t*»j5iitK?g,.gf. the 'Q)llege of Liberal Arts, re- 
sponded to the request of'thc ^;(fixij^» l^di^s for assistance by giving such 
outlines and ideas of th0«'k6i*k*'ks*wa^ ii^ecessarv. it was thus, with seven 
charter members, the A^phuTcn&p^'t.of th^ Alpha Chi Omega came into 

The first year was one of enthusiastic work, and at its close seventeen 
active members were registered, besides five teachers and artists who 
had been chosen as honorary members. A principal feature of the work 
had been the musical and literary exercises held at the weekly meetings. 
The event of the year was the Soiree Musicale. The first songs, »»Dear to 
the heart of the Alphas," and »*Alpha Prima" were written. 

Dean Howe honored us by dedicating his new **Svstem of Pianoforte 
Technique" to the Alpha Chi Omega. 

At the beginning of the second year the attendance was considerably 
reduced, but it was soon increased by new members. The first anniversary 
was celebrated at the home of Miss Anna Allen, now Mrs. Smith. This 
social event, and a reception which was given some weeks later, were oc- 
casions long to be remembered by the Alphas. A feature of the work of 

IliMtoHcal Sketch. 3. 

the year was the preparation for extending the organization to other 
institutions. No small amount of time was consumed in discussing 
rules, forms of initiation, forms of charter, and devising plans for 
making the work interesting and effective at home, as well as for its 

Correspondence with students at Evanston seemed to promise the 
estab.ishment of our Beta chapter at the Northwestern. But the fates 
had decreed otherwise. The correspondence with Evanston was still in 
progress, when we learned that a band of students at Albion College 
were awaiting organization. Delegates were sent at once, and on June 4th 
we held a jubilee meeting to celebrate the establishment of the Beta 
chapter of the sorority. 

It is not my purpose to prolong this short history of the sorority 
through the remaining years of its existence. One of the most pleasant 
events of the third year was the initiation of Madame Fannie Bloomfield- 
Zeessler to honorary membership. The girls were all delighted with the 
genuine interest she took in their work. The reception given in her honor 
was m every way a success. 

Two of the charter members still reside in Greencastle. Anna Allen 
Smith , who was for some time a teachi:r in the School of Music, and 
Bessie Grooms, at whose home we often have delightful social gatherings. 
The others are scattered over the country, but who can doubt their 
pleasure in looking back upon their life in Alpha Chi, and in hearing of 
her prosperity. Mary Janet Wilson. 

R Letter From Alpha. 


'Tis with regret that we see this year drawing to a close. The fact 
that we have been fewer in numbers this year than usual has made our 
sorority life dearer to each of us. Last year our active membership 
reached twenty- three, while we have not exceeded seventeen this year. 

Many o' our girls who are old in sorority life will not return next 
year. Miss Zella Marshall, who graduated from the Music School last 

4. HMotical Sketch. 

year, and this year f^oishes her college course, will continue the study of 
the pianoforte in Boston next winter. Miss Caroline Conrey, sophomore, 
also expects to study in the east, and Miss Marion Colborn, who has 
been with us two years, goes to the Sandwich Islands next fall. 

Though we will miss the girls we have worked with and love<l so 
long, there will be no dirth of workers with which to begin the ne^ year. 
Miss Laura Marsh will spend the summer at her home, Okahumpka, 
Florida, and will return in September to enter her junior year in piano- 
forte training. Misses Jessie Y. Fox and Helen O'Dell will graduate 
next year. Miss Mamie A. Jennings will finish her college course and 
take post-graduate work m voice culture. Miss Adeline Whitney Rowley, 
who is here cultivating her magnificent c«)ntralto voice, will be with us 
too. Miss Mildred Rutledge expects to return, and sever:) I of the new 
girls who have endeared themselves to us this year will return in the fall 
to continue their studies, and to advance the interests of Alpha Chi 
Omega. Among these are Mrs. Rhoda (^ary.Offutt, Misses Anna Vae 
Sterret, June Collins, Nellie Dobbins and B. Pearle Shaw. 

We are unlike the other chapters in having few resident members. 
Miss Emma Miller, junior, is our only acUve member whose home is in 
Greencastle, though we have several pledged and non -active members 
here. Being deprive<l, as we are, of our home life, we look upon the 
sorority as a substitute, and our Hall standi in the same relation to us 
that the sitting room does to the family. We have a piano in both room$i, 
and nearly all of us have practice hours there. The hammock, window 
seat and comfortable chairs make it an attractive loafing place. Often 
there are five, six or more girls there at the same time; usually two are 
practicing, others studying harmony or reading, or doing drawn work, or 
carrying on an interesting chat in subdued whispers in the window seat. 

All the fraternities and sororities here hold their meetings on Satur. 
day evenings. We follow the custom, devoting the entire evening to 
sorority work, to our programs and to social enjoyment. Before this 
year we have devoted our time and attention to composers of the Classic 
and Romantic schools of music, but during the last semester we desired 
a change. Our programs have been taken fnim more mo<lerii writers, 
'such as Nevin, Nei<llinger, De Koven, Go<iard, Gounod, Schanvenka« 
Mozkonski and others. We devote an evening to each one. At our 
last meeting we had a most delightful time discussing Paderewski's lifo 
and cf>mpositions. Misses Miller, Marshall, Rowley and others furnished 

Hiatorical Skttt'h. 5. 

a most entertaining program, lo coonection with Paderewski we studied 
the development of Russian and Polish music. After the program, 
Miss Col born served tea from our own little tea table. 

At such times as these one girl is appointed to read up on the 
subject so as to be able to lead the discussion, and the rest of us add our 
mites; a program is arranged at least two weeks in advance, and in ad- 
dition each girl who has anything prepared from the composer under 
discussion favor us with it. In this way we get a comprehensive knowledge 
of each composer that we take up, and we find it both profitable and 

We extend to you all our best wishes. We hope we may all be even 
more prosperous and happier in the future than in the past. 

Affectionately 3*ours in the bond, 


Greencastle, Indiana, 

DePauw University, May 24, 1894. 

The convention was delightfully entertained by Gamma in March, 
'94. The delegates were so cordially welcomed, so royally entertained, 
that it was with regret that we took our leave of the classic city on the 
lake shore. Memories of the meetings over which our grand president, 
Miss Standford, presided so gracefully, will linger with us as long as 
those of the reception, the musicale and the banquet. Many thanks to 

We arc looking forward to an equally enjoyable time with Delta 
next year. A Delegate. 


The following programs have been rendered by Alpha Chis during 
the last three terms, in Music Hall oS DePauw Tniversity. 



ZELLA L. MARSHALL. Pianoforte. 





Beethoven donate for Pianoforte and Violin in A major 

(Last Movement.) 


odard La Sieste 

( a. Rubinstein Impromptu in F major 

'( b. Saint-Saens Aleeste de Gluck 

Braga Marguerite's Three Bouquet 

Violin obi igato — Mr. Cronkrite. 

Beethoven Concerto in E flat major 

(Adagio- rondo.) 

(Orchestral ace. upon a 2d Pianoforte, by Dean Howe. ) 








1 . Carnival Pranks in Vienna Schumann 

2. Violet Mozart 

1 a. Impromptu, Op. 142, No. 3 Schubert 

8. - b. Impromptu in A Flat Chopin 

( c. Concert Ktude Bootbe 

4. Slumber Song Randegger 

Violin Obligato by Mr. Downey. 

- f a. Gavotte Silas 

( b. Polonaise Paderewski- 





DKLLA 0(1 DKX, Soprano. 


4 a. Bach — Two Preludes in C major and minor (from the <*\Vohltem. 

} perirtcs Klavier") 

( b. Beethoven Sonata in K flat, Op. 31, No. 3 

Vocal Aria ( **Der Freischutz") Weber 

i a. Schubert Impromptu m A flat major 

\ b. Mendelssohn Spring Song 

( c. Schumann Novelette in F major 

i a. Serenade Rafl^ 

Vocal ^ 

( b. Cuckoo Song Abt 

Saint Saens Phaeton 

Assisted by Dean Howe. 

lU.MOl? Kl^ri'lVIL. 




ZKLLA L. MARSHALL. Pianiste and Acooiupaniste 

ROSE A. MARQUIS, Violiniste 


1 . Study Concone 

2. With Verdure Clad (Creation) Hayden 

.. \ a. Suleika Mendelssohn 

] b. To he sung on the Waters Schubert 

4. Toccata Sgambati 

5. Casta Diva (Norma) Bellini 

( a. La Chanson des Pres Godard 

*( b. Russian Song Paladihle 

7. Carnival Pranks in Vienna Schumann 

S. Fiddle and 1 A. Ooodeve 

Violin accompaniment by Miss Marquis. 

t a. Oh ! that we two were Maying Nevin 

9. ) b. Cradle Song Franz Ries 

( c. If my verses had the wings Harvey Lohr 





MISS MARQUIS Violihint. 

MISS MARSHALL \ec-omp;miftl 


Concerto No. 2 VwU\ 

First Movement, arr. by Roinecke. 

♦♦Shadow Song" Meyerbeer 

" Scherzo from Op. 31 No. 3 Beethoven 

♦♦Fabel" ^ 

Wald8cene (Abschied) - Schumann 

[ Grillen \ 

Romance from * "Faust" Berlioz 

Andante, Presto, from Sonata Op. 47 Beethoven 

For Piano and Violin. 





1 . Si ikU Concone 

2. A rill from *»St. pjiiir' Mendelssohn 

8 Aria from Orpheiib and Kumlioe Gluck 

4. Alc-este Gluck 

i a . Adelaide Beethoven 

5. ^ h. On the Lake Schubert 

( c. Marie Franz 

6. Valse Moszkowski 

- I a. In April Bizet 

'( b. Tell me why Tchaikowsky 

j> j a. Leaving, yet Lovinc; Marziais 

( b. Fields in May Coombs 

bli.MOIf KKri'lVlL 



ZKLLA L. MARSHALL Pianiste and Accompanistc 


1. Study Panofka 

2. Ijet the Bright Sora[)him (Samson) Ilaendel 

3. Valse Caprice RubinHtein 

Miss Marshall. 

4. Recitative and Aria from **Don (Jiovanni" Moztirt 

( a. The Trout ) . . ^ 

1 u rr. \r VT ftchnbert 

D. - b. The Young Nun ) 

( c. Arise Ries 

( Allah Chadwick 

'( My Little Love Hawley 

Miss Row lev. 

p. j hi charmanti^ Marguerite Old French 

( Come (f odard 

< a. If Thou in Dreams F, Abt 

8. - b. Lullab}' Luchstone 

( c. The Shepherdess Ayer 

Miss Adeline W. Rowley, who entered here for voice culture in 
February, 'm, and soon afterwards became one of us, ;s preparing the 

Alpfnt Pt't'HOlHllH. 18. 

following vocal ni'mbers to be given at her Junior Recital the 6r8t of next 

Study Seiber 

Oh Thou That Lettest Haendel 

Lieti Signore (Huguenots) Meyerbeer 

i a. Am Ganges Mendelssohn 

I b, Vergeliliches Staendchen Brahms 

( c. Die Uhr Loewe 

1 a. The Dreamy Flowers Saint Saens 

- b. Hindoo Song Bemberg 

( c Bolero Thome 

( a. One Sweetly Solemn Thought Dudley Buck 

} b. The Wolf (Old English) Shield 

( c. Boat Song Neidlinger 

Alpha Personals. 

Emma Miller entertained us March 31. 

Janet Wilson was **at home" to Alpha March 17. 

We served tea to Kappa Alph.i Theta, October 25. 

The Phi Mu entertaineil us very pleasantly Apiil 12th. 

Jessie Younge Fox will make her future home in Texas. 

Miss Clara Beils has u flourishing music class at Bluffton, ln<liana. 

We entertained the Phi Mus at a Musicale in our Hall, November 10, 

Kappa Ali)ha Theta gave a delightful little operetta in our lionor in 

Bonnie Beauchamp spent the winter in Atlanta, Ga , reoovering her 

Mildred Biitledge is teaching; music at Knightsville and Brazil, 

Mrs. Cecilia Eppinghousen- Bailey, the noted prima donna, gave a 
concert here this spring. She is a member of Alpha, having been Pro- 

14. Alpha J**'ruon4ilM. 

fesBor of voice culture both here una at the Conservatory of Music at 

Helen Dairymple visited us in February. She is now studying music 
in Indianapolis. 

Helen Odell has charge of a large music class of nbout forty pupils 
at Ovid, Indiana. 

Janet Wilson, class of 98, is t:>.king post-graduate work in the Col- 
lege of Liberal Arts. 

Katharine McReyuols will eomp'ete her fourth year of m.Mi«; st'i ly 
in Germany this year. 

Ida Steele was not in colloire during the past semester, biit sl)«j will 
re-enter next September. 

Libbie Price was married in Dccembi*r to Mr. Uaic Nelf. TbL»v 
spent the winter in tlie South. 

Anna Cowperthwaite, who did spltMidid work for Alpha, has spent the 

past two years studying in Leipsic. 

Lenore Boaz. with her mother and sister, moved to Greencastle last 
fall, and will make this their home. 

A new sorority was foundet' in the music school in October, 1892 
under the name of Phi Mu FJpsilon. 

Ella Hill Best was married in April to Dr. Thompson, a promising 
young dentist of Greensburg, Indiana. 

Daisy Steele was married in February to Mr. George Wilson, Super- 
nteiident of schools, at (jreenfield, Ind. 

Lenore Boaz, a graduate of the College of Libenil Arts of Nebrxska 
Wesleyan, received her Bachelor's degree last year. 

Pearl Armitage visited us during the winter. She has charge of a 
music class at Peru, ln(J., an! is als) studying urilir Max Leckner, at 

Flora Van Dyke, '93, of Ashmore, Ills., was elected U) a position m 
the faculty of De Pauw .>lusic school, but was '!om;)elleii to resign it on 
account of the sickness atid death of her father. 

Kudora Marshall graduated from De Pauw Music School in '92, and 
from Gottschalk Tivrical school at Chicago in '93; also received the honor 

of representing llie Senior class on cooimencenQent in the latter school. 
She now is Dean of the iMusic school in the Nebraska Weslevan. 

Zella Marshall is taking post-graduate work in the Music School this 
year. She is pianiste for the De Pauw Symphony Orchestra. 

Josephine Tingley graduated from the Chicago training school for 
city and home missions, on May Ist. She has been given a po-iition as 
teacher in the school for next year especially in charge of the music. She 
will remain in Cliicago this summer studying under Emil Liebling as 
piano instructor, and .Madame Genevieve Bishop in voice culture. At the 
National Deaconess' conference in Chicago, Bishop Thoburn expressed an 
earnest invitation to lier to go to India as musical director of the English 
S'jhool in Calcutta. She is yet undecided as to its acceptance. 

Rlpha Ghi Omega Songs. 

Tune — Juan it r. 

As at the dawning. 

Buds and birds seem fresh and gay. 
So in life's morning. 

We would sing always. 
We would raise our voiee.s, 

Sing in praise of each blest tie. 
Thus our youth rejoices, 

Thus the moments lly. 
Alp a. Oh, Alpha, may our love for thee ne'er fail: 

Alpha, Oh, Alpha, let us onward sail. 

Youth's joys are dearest. 

Sweetest are its pleasures all. 
And friends seem nearest. 

Ere life's twilight fall. 
We in youth will labor 

To improve eaeh passing hour. 
May we help ea(^h other — 

Cnion proves a tower. 
Alpha, Oh, Alpha, Alpha Chi Omega, 

Alpha, Oh, Alpha, Alpha Chi Omega. 

—From Alpha. 

Alpha (*hi (tiiM'fja Sonf/s: 

Air — .'iuUl lAiny Syne, 

All hall to Alpha's honored name! 

Loud let our chorus ring. 
The richest, sweetest notes procliihn. 

Of Alpha Chi we sing. 


Then hail! all hail to Alpha deir: 

We'll sound our battle cry. 
And let it he a thiillinj? cheer 

For dear old Alphi Clii. 

Contentment sweet doth with us stay, 

As marching on we go; 
We prf'ss to he «r no haughty sway, 

An(i honor wins our foe. 

M. A J. 

7'// n f — A n n ie Roo n rif . 

Oh, happy bond of Alpha Chi, 

With your standard ever high. 
To nobly live we'll always try. 

For Alpha Chi Omega. 
Every sister raise your voice 

To sing the praise of her—your choice. 
And let us one and all rejoice 

For Alpha Chi Omega. 


Alpha, Alpha, Alpha Chi, 

Alpha, Alpha. Alpha Chi, 
Ohl how happy bound thus in love, 

Sisterhood so bles.sed, 'lear Alplia Chi. 

Oh, sisterho(Ml so dear, so sweet. 

Making joy seem moe complete: 
With kindly words you are replete. 

Dear Alpha Chi Omega. 

Life's little troubles smoothed away. 

And making night .seem more lik^^ day. 
Oh, yes, we'll sing thy praise aiway, 

Dear Alpha (^hi Omega. 

Josephine Tin(slev 


fllbTOia OF TflF rfl'IPTHK 

Beta, of Alpha Clii O neiia, was establishcMl at Albion College, Albion, 
Micbi^nn, May 27, 1887, by Bertha Deni?«ton anil Mary Jones, of Alpha, 
of Alpha Chi Omejjja, DePanw University, (ireonitastle, Indiatia. 

The first meeting of Beta, after orjjanization, was lield May 30, 1887, 
when the first officers of tiie eiiaotcT were elected 

Under the head of proposals for niemlMMship, the name of Miss Lida 
Anstin was presente*!, voted npon and accepted. Miss Anstin (larryinjr off 
the honor of beinijj Beta's first initiated member. The remaining portion 
of the year passe<l with Beta in a most flourisliin*^ condition. 

The nf:w school year opened in September, '87, with a membership <»f 
three for Beta, but dnrini!; the term three more were added to our number. 

A motion was made at the (irst meetinj' of the term that a committee 
be appointed to interview Presi<ient Pisher concernini|: a hall, but it was 
decided to let the matter rest until the chapter should become larj^er. So 
the meetings were held at the homes of the girls or in one or another of 
the rooms of the conservatory until the spring term of the same year, 
when we were at home in our new rooms in the Central College building, 
which we had finished off for (uir use. Tlie rooms have b(»en improved 

IS. Iliutoift of Beta 

and refuraished since they were opened in '88, but tbey still bold tbe 
sweet memories of our early members. 

Our first open banquet was beld June 13, '88, at the pretty bome of 
Miss Jennie Wortbington, wbere our grentlemen friends were invited. A 
fine musical program was rendered by tbe members of tbe cbapter. 

Tbe fall term of tbe same yeai opene 1 witb a good membership for 
Beta, and tbe end of tbe term saw six new Alpba Obis. 

Our first en»«rpri8e for raising money was an »*Art Loan," beld Octo- 
ber 6, '88, wbere an admittance fee of 10 cents was charged, and we 
enjoyed what we called at the time a grand success. We were very much 
encouraged, and indulged in a little '^spread*' after tbe guests bad taken 
their departure. 

.March 13, 1889, occurred our first public recital, or concert, as we 

were pleased to call it. Following is the program: 

Rossini — Fiano Trio Tancredi 


Kjenilf — Vocal quartette Last Night 


Mozari — Piano Solo Postorale Voriee 


Abt. — Alpba Chi Omega Chorus Ri»>g out ye Bells 

Gottscbalk — Piano Solo Pasquinade 


Smart— Vocal Trio Rest Thee 



Tit'l — Organ Solo Serenade 


(jr ounod — Vocal Solo Serenade 


Tbalberg — Piano Solo Home Sweet Home 


Donizetti — Vocal Solo Regnavanel Silentia 


Otto Lob. — Alpha Chi Chorus Sweet Memories 

Tbe receipts from the undertaking were very satisfactory, and we 
decided to give annual concerts thereafter. 

IliHtory of Beta 1^- 

At the close of the spring term we tendered a banquet to our gentle- 
men friends. 

The fall term of '89 opened very brightly for Beta, and before the 
f close of the term the membership had reached twenty. In November of 
V that term we purchased a very nice piano for our hall, of which we have 
. tfood reason to be very proud, 
i' Ls The first two months of the winter term of *90 were spent in working 
»^ .\*^P ^^^ second annual concert, which was given February 25, and was a 
J* ly success in everv sen^c of the wonl. 
V Followii'g is the program rendered at that time: 

y Tanzstuck Op. 138 Wolfe 


The New Kingdom Touis 


Polonaise (No. 1 , C Sharp minor) Chopin 


Night Krgmann 


Feasant's Wedding xMarch Sodermann 


Murmures Eoliens Gottschalk 


Night in Venice Arditi 


Tell me Beautiful Maiden Gounod 

.MAMIE HARRIS, witli vioHn obligato by iiattib Reynolds. 
Klizire L'AImore Vilbac 


Goodnight Goldberg 


New England Kitchen Alpha Chi Omegas 

Saturday evening, Marcli 15, '90, Beta entertained twenty-four of 
her gentlemen friends in the hall with a ^\q o'clock tea. In reading the 
minutes of that term we find the chapter in a very flourishing condition. 

In the spring term of '90 a correspondence* was opened by Beta with 
the director of the Conservatory of Northwestern University, Kvanston, 
111., which resulted in the establishment of Gamma chapter of Alpha Chi 

*^l //{.tfnr// of itr(,t 

Omega, November 14, 1890, Miss Jean Whitoomb being the (ielegati* 
sent from Beta to assist Alpha in establishing the chapter. 

At our meeting held December G, '1>0, a letter from (ram ma was rea(< 
concerning the establishment of a chapter in Alleghany College, Mead- 
ville, Penn., and January 29, 1891, Delta of Alpha Chi Omega was fs. 
tablished in Allejrhanv collesie. Durinu the winter term of '91 Beta con- 
ceived the idea of havinj> a sonority plate, a-id entered upon the wok of 
having it made. Sketches were drawn arni submitted to ih^ ciitferent 
chapters, and upon their acce[>tance the engraving was done by Drcka. 
The spring term of '91 found Beta wiih a membership of twenty two 

May 12, '91, occurred our third annual concert, which wns reicive«i 
with most flattering comments from the press and our frie .ds. 


Chorus, Summer Fancies Metra 


Piano Duo, Don Juan Mozart 


Vocal quartette. Reverie HheiiilnMiiiM* 


Violin So'o, Scene <le liallet I>e lieriot 


Piano quartette, Uoma;:e dc Verdi Duroc 


Vocal Duet, Starry Heaven Pin»»nit 


Strings, Kntracte G a volte (jilU't 



Reading ^liss i Blanche iiund.iy 

(f ypsy Choru.s .Merz 


May 21, IM, a special meetinj; was calle<l for llio purpose of wel- 
coming two of our Alpha sisters. Miss Wilson and Miss ('opperlhwait. \\v 
enjoyed a very pleasant time with th«*in, and matters of classifurution of 
candidates were arranged, aside from other official duties We felt that 

Uintory of JUf'i *^1. 

their visit had beoQ u great benefit to us, for we felt better acquainted 
with Alpha, the founder of our loved chapter. 

Juue 20, iil, Beta tendered a reception to her parents, the faculty, 
the f rater iiicy auvl sorority students and others, at the home (»f Miss 
Marion Uowlett. it was one of the social events of the season. 

Kail term of 91 opened prosperously for Beta. 

()ctol)er 2U-2i> occurretl the first general convention of Alpha Chi 
Omega, held at DePauw University, Alpha being the entertaining 
chaj>ter. Misses JjuIu Keller and Janette Allen were the delegates sent 
from Beta. 

March 15, 1)2, tue fourth annual concert was given with the usual 
success. I'rogram as follows: 

Farrari Down by the Silvery Stream 


Moszkowski Waltz 


Hoot , Home Sweet Home 


Si*lected Violin Solo 


Abt Oh Calm ami Lovely the P]vening Bells 


Gabus>i The Fisherman 


(jiloria, March Triumphal Two INanos 


Smart Queen of the Night 


Grand Finale. 

June S, '1»2, Beta entertained, veiy pleasantly, her gentlemen 
friends in the <'h:ipler hall. 

The si'con I i£eiiiM'.il c«):ivoMlioi) was held in Albion, Mich., Februarv 
J22, 23, 2 4, '1>2, I^*La i>*i;ij; th»? eiiierlainiug cliaplt;r. Delegates were 
present from Al[)lia, (iamma and Delta. 


J Jin fort/ of [hfii. 

The following program was rendered at a rausicale given at- the home 
of Miss JaNette Allen: 

Liszt — Piano Duet, RhapsoJie Hongroise No. 2, 

Misses WoRTniNOTON and Travis. (Bet:i) 

Mozart — Vocal, 11 Mio Tesoro, 

(/hopin — Valse, 

Miller — Sioux Chiefs Daughter, 

C hopi n — Liszt — Noctu me, 

Miss Mamie Jenninos. (Alphn) 

Miss ElFleda Coleman. ((ram ma) 

Miss Minnie Warren. (Beta) 

Miss Fern Pickard. (Delta) 

Rossini — Vocal, IJnovoce poco fa, 

Mtss Mary F. Stanford. ((ramma) 

Selected — Violin Solo, 

Mrs. Mattie Reynolds-Colby. (Beta) 

Wieneiski Valse, 

Mrs. Anna AllenS.mith. (Alpha) 

Mohring — Legends, Alpha Chi Quartette. (Beta) 

Misses Travis, IIowlett, \Vhit(X)mb and VVortiiinoton. 

The banquet at the Albion House Friday evening, February 24, will 
always be remembered by the p^rtici pints as one of the events of a life 
time. The decorations were not very extensive, but were very becoming 
to the occasion. The tables were decorated with scarlet carnations and 
smilax. Id the centre of the table was a large bouquet composed of 
smaller ones. From each small bouquet was a ribbon exten(^ing to a 
plate, and as each one left the table, by means of the ribbon they took 
the accompanying Ijoucjuet. The menu cards were very ne*it. They 

Ifintori/ of Ihtn *23. 

were tied with Alpha Chi ribbons. The toasts and songs were arranged 
aa follows: 

"Come, quench your blushes and present yourself. 
That which you are, the ml stress o' the feast!" 

Miss Hattie Lovejoy, toast mistress. 

"It bears a charmed life." 

Greekdom, Miss Daisy Steele (Alpha.) 

"Nay, yet there's more in this; 
I prithee, speak to me as to thy thinkings." 

Our sorority, Miss Virginia Porter. (Delta.) 

"Ay: prithee, sing—" 

Song —Sisters in unity. 

"Within the gardens cultured ground. 
It shares the Hweet .carnation's bed ' 

Carnation and Smilax Miss Mary Stanford. (Gamma.) 

"Until I kno\* this sure uncertainty—" 

Alpha Chi Omega viewed from a distance, Miss Fannie Dissette. (Beta) 

"If music be the food of love, play on : give me excess of it. ' ' 

Song — Alpha, Alpha Chi Forever, 

"Not words, but deeds." 

Ye Daughters of Music, Come up Hijrher, Miss Jennie Worthington. 

The fifth annual concert was given by Miss Neilly Stevens, assisted 
b}* the Alpha Chi quartet. 

May 24, '93, Miss JaNette Allen kindly opened her home for our 
commencement reception, to which about two hundred invited guests 
were present. 

The fall term of '93 opened with but four members for Beta, but 
another fortunate entered upon the mysteries the first day of the term 
and another in October. Then the winter term brought back some of 
our former members as well as some new ones, and now our membership 
is twelve, and the pro.npects good for five new members before the close 
of the year. A very pleasant feature of the present term was the recep- 


tion tendered us by our six pledged girls in our chapter hall. We felt 
very proud of the girls. They gave us some good hints on entertaiuina:. 
We bespeak the closing of a prosperous year for Beta, and may the 
prosperity continue. 

Our musical work is most interesting. It has been our practice to 
study the great masters at our weekly meetings, and render musical 
programs of numbers oomposec^ by the master under consideration. We 
have done verv creditable work in this wav and think il a most excel hent 
plan to work upon. H.vttie A. Love.iov, 


Roster of Beta. 


Flora Adgate (Hall; 

Km ma Crittenden 

Florine Defendorf (Hevnolds) 

Hattie Hevnolds 

Libbie Smith 

Jennie Worth ington 

Lida Austin 

Delia Morgan (Maher) 

Delia Sprague 

Eva Marzolf (Tiney) 

Belle Miller (Townsend) 

Lillian Kirk (Armstrong) 

Hattie Ives 

Hattie Lovejoy 

Daisy Hogers 

Anna Scot ten 

Minnie Lewis (Spence) 

Nellie Valentine (Lovejoy) 


Charter Member 

\ ( 

( ( 

( I 

( i 

I ( 

J line, 18S7 
Oct, 3, JSS7 
Oct. 3, 1887 
Nov. 2, 1887 
Mavf), 1888 
Mav 18, 1888 
May 18, 
May 18, 
May 18, 
May 23, 
Oct. 4, 

i ( 

1 1 

( ( 

i ( 


188!) Ionia, Mich! 

1884 Albion, Mich 

1887 Dowagiac, Mich. 

1884 Jackson, .Mich. 

1887 Marshall, Mich. 
1880 Albion, .Mirh. 

1888 Chicago, 111. 
Minijcapolis, Minn. 

1888 Kilamaz)(>, Mich. 

Coral, Mich. 
181)0 Champaign, III. 
188J) Quincy, Mich. 

Chicago, 111. 

All)ion, .Mich. 

Medina, Mich. 

Detroit, Mich. 

Cedar Springs, Mieh 


lioMltr o) liitii. 


( ( 

i ( 

( I 

k ( 

Maud Snell 

Cora Travis 

Clara ^]ngle (Noble) 

Belle Fi^ke (Leonari) 

Katberine Roode 

< J race Brown 

Lulu Keller 

Xellie Smith (Thomas) 

(jertrude Buck 

Mamie Harris (Wolfe) 

Jean Whitcorab 

Marion Childs 

Myrtie Watson 

Mattie Reynolds (Colby) 

Blanche Bunday 

JaXette Allen 

Nina Eddleston 

Kittie Fli^gleston 

Addle McHattie 

Rose A be in e thy 

Clarissa Dickie 

Marion Howlett 

Pearl Frambes Keb. 7, ** 

GiorgiM.ia Gale (McOlellan) May 15, 1801 

Oct. 4, 

Feb. 2, 1889 
Sept. 28, 1889 
Oct. 2, *' 
Oct. 16, ** 
Oct. 1(), »* 
Oct. 1(), ^» 
Nov. 1(), '' 
Nov. 10, 1889 
May 20, 1890 
Sept. 30, 1890 
Oct. 8, 1890 
Oct. 8, 1890 
Oct. 8, 1890 
Oct 2S, 1890 
Nov. 12, 1890 
Jan. 17, 1891 
Feb. 7, 
Fel). 7, 

i ( 

Daisy Snell 
Kthel Calkira 
^3lizabeth Avery 


Hortense Osmund 
Minnie McKeand (Allen) 
(jertrude Fairshilds 
P^usebia Davidson 
Cora Harrington 
Florence Wood hams 
Effa Simpson 
Gleima Schantz 
Cora Bliss 
May Mitchell 

i ( 

4 I 

May 15. '* 
Oct. 3, 1891 
Oct. 3, 
Oct. 3, 
Oct. 3, 
Nov. 23, *' 
Sept. 29, 1892 
Sept. 29, 1892 
Sept. 29, 1892 
Jan. 23, 1892 
Jan. 23, 1892 
June 3, 1893 
June 3, 1893 

Bay Port, Mich. 
1891 Hartford. Mich. 

Missouri Valley, Iowa 
Albion, Mich. 
Albion, Mich. 
Stockton, Kansas. 
1893 Albion, Mich. 
St. Clair, Mich. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Saginaw, Mich, 
1890 Chelsea, Mich. 
Calumet, Mich. 

1891 Cedar Springs, Mich. 
Jackson, Mich. 

1892 Chicago, 111. 
^893 Albion, Mich. 

1891 Marshall, Mich. 
Marshall, Mich. 
Cedar Springs, Mich. 
Vicksburg, Mich. 
Albion, Mich. 

1892 Albion, Mich. 
Mears, Mich. 

1893 Big Rapids, Mich. 
Bay Port, Mich. 

1893 Big Rapids, Mich. 

Phelps, N. Y. 

Nashville, Mich. 

Albion, Mich. 

Three Rivers, Mich. 
1893 Port Huron, Mich. 

Spring Harbor, Mich. 

Plainwell, Mich. 
Hastings, Mich. 
Hastings, Mich. 
Saginaw, Mich. 
Bay City, Mich. 


Conrcrninf/ a Fttr of (fur Ahtmni. 

Irene Clark 
Mabel Collins 
Josephine Parker 
Alida Handy 
Grace Armstrong 

Sept. 26, 1893 
Oct. 11, 1893 
Jan. 30, 1894 
Marcb 16, 1894 
Apr. 28, 1894 

Albion, Micb. 
Bay City, Mich. 
DePere, Wis. 
Bay City, Mich. 
St. Joseph, Mich. 

Some Items of Interest Concerning a Pew of oUr RlUmni. 

Miss Emma Crittenden, '84, spent some time in the Conservatory 
with post-graduate work, and since that time has given voice instruction 
in the high schools of Ionia and Marshall, Michigan. 

Miss Hattie Reynolds, '84, is studying piano and organ in Boston, 

Miss Jennie Worthington, '87, is proving herself a most efficient 
teacher of the pianoforte and harmony in Albion College Conservat^>ry, 
which position she has held since her graduation. 

Miss Lihbie Smith, '87, is organist and choir-master in an Episco- 
palian choir in Cheyenne, Wyoming. 

Miss Delia Sprague, '88, is studying in Grand Rapids. 

Miss Jean Whitcomb, '90, who is engaged in Albion College Con. 
servatory, is a most excellent instructor of piano and voice. 

Miss Kittle Eggleston, '91, is studying violin in Detroit. 

Miss Lulu Keller, '91, is a successful teacher of piano and voice in 
the Lansing, Michigan, school for the blind. 

Miss Cora Travis, '91, is now studying music in Grand Rapids. She 
formerly taught piano and voice in our conservatory very successfully. 

Miss Eusebia Davidson, '93, is engaged as teacher of harmony and 
piano in the Art Institute, Port Huron, Michigan. 

Miss Grace Brown, post graduate of Albion College Conservatory, is 
director of the Stockton, Kansas, Academy Conservatory, and is proving 
herself most efficient in her line. We read from the Western News that 
the musical department of the Academy was never in a more flourishing 
condition than now, and to Miss Brown is due the present prosperity of 
this department. 

^•l Lt'ftcr frtnii Ihfti. 

R Letter Prom Beta. 

This is the time of the year when activity is the fashion; everyone is 

All of the ten Alpha Chis who were on roll of Beta last term, re- 
turned the first of this term, with another true sister of last year read} 
and anxious to work for the honor of Alpha Chi Omega. 

We also welcome back our six pledged girls, of whom we are very 
proud. One among them we wish to introduce to Alpha Chi Omega — 
Grace Armstrong. She has been an honor to Beta as a pledged member, 
and has, on the 28th inst., passed the barriers safely, after a stormy 
voyage, and is worthy to wear the lyre. 

Oo the 14th of April our pledged girls gave a spread to the active 
chapter and the resident alumni, which was a great success. 

We had for souvenirs a small tin horn wound with the olive and 

Knowing that we were all very fond of perfume, they treated us to 
the most delicioui< looking chocolate creams, with a tiny orion on the 
inside. This, of course, was very agreeable to all, for we needed no roses 
for church the next day. 

Beta is no exception to the rule of general liveliness. She is no by- 
stander watching the tide flow ever onward. 

The first of the school year our number was but three, and we are 
proud to look from this small number to that of this term. 

To-day we entertain at our hall Col. and Mrs. Bliss, Prof, and Mrs. 
Dickey, and Rev. and Mrs. Washington Gardner, and an enjoyable time 
is expected. N. Irene Clark. 

May 1, 1894. 



Alpha Cbi Omega is in a very tioiirishinii con<Htlon, we think, at 

The convention was a great help to oiir chapter, ixw\ we eri joyed our 
guests extremely. 

We have our weekly meeting on \Ve<iiies(lay afternoon, at four 
o'clock in the chapter hall, which is (niite cozy, though not elegant. We 
are just about to take up the study of Beethoven's life and compositions, 
which will undoubtedly be very profitable to us. An essay on the subject 
is to be read at our next meeting by Miss Marguerite Bolan, a senior in 
the piano department. 

This evening we are to initiate two delightful young ladies, pledgee^ 
since the convention, viz.. Miss Bessie Grant, a cousin of Miss Evans, 
our chapter president for this term, and Miss Arte .Mae Bel lors. They 
will do us great credit. 

The Misses Bolan, McCorkle, Woods and Stanford are each to give 
recitals during the spring term Hopiiig that the time will soon roll 
around for Gamma to entertain the convention again, I am, 

Affectionately yours, in Alpha Chi Omega, 

Mary K. Stanford, 

Cor. Sec. 

KvanstOD, May 4, 1894. 

J hi ('oitctntinn 29. 

The Rnndal Convention. 

The Evanston Press says of the convention held m February: Alpha 
Chi Omega held its annual convention in Kvanston this week with the 
Gamma chapter. As is well known to thelxreek letter world, the sorority 
confines its membership to those in the departments oT music at the four 
universities where it has chapters. The reu;ular business sessions of the 
convention were held on Wednesday, Thursda}' and Friday. The dele- 
gates present and the colleges they represented were: Alphn, DePauw 
University, .Misses Laura Marsh, Mamie Jennings and Minnie Magill; 
Beta, Albion college. Misses Harriet Lovejoy, Cora Harrington and 
Irene Clark; Djlta, Allegheny college. Misses Charlotta Weber a'ld 
May Graham. 

The deleg: tes and members of the local chapter were entertained at 
the residence of Miss Stanford, on Forest avenue, on Wednesday evening. 

On Thursday evening a reception and musicale was given by Gamma 
chapter to its friends in honor of the visitmg delegates, at the home of 
Miss Klla Young, on Forest avenue. Miss Young was assisted in ro- 
ceivmg by Misses ElFleda Coleman, Suzanne Mulford and Mary Stanford. 
The beautiful decorations of the house were in the sorority colors — scarlet 
and olive green. Refreshments were servoil by Madame Taylor One 
hundred and fifty quests were present. A literary and musical program 
was rendered, after which the remain ler of the evening was spent in 


H. La Fileuse Raff 

h. Valse (i riog 


Vocal — Selected 


A Critical Situation Mark Twain 


Vocal Selected 


80. /'/(< <*ouci'htUm 

Abeat de Gluck Saint Saena 


Vocal — Casta Diva Bellini 


a. Scene from Merchant of Venice 

b. Mammy's Lil' Hoy Edwards 


'^Batti Baltr* Mozart 


Concerto in K M inor Chopin 


The dolegntes and members of the local chapter attended the matinee 
by the Thomas orchestra at the Auditorium Friday afternoon, after which 
they attended the third annual convention banquet of the sorority, which 
was held at the Grand Pacific Hotel. Covers were laid for twenty, and 
an elaborate menu was served. Miss ElFleda Coleman was toastmistresj^, 
and the following program of toasts and songs was given: Song, ♦•We 
are Gathered Here;" **Looking Backward,*' Miss Laura Marsh, (Alpha;) 
**Our Goat, ' .Miss Harriet Lovejoy, (Beta;) song, *'Bound Heart to 
Heart;" **Our Lyre," Miss Marguerite Bolan, ((Jamma;) »*Looking For. 
ward," Miss Charlotta Weber, (Delta;) song, *» Parting Song." Those 
present were Misses Jeanette Evans, Harriet Lovejoy, Laura Marsh, 
May Graham, Charlotta Weber, Mary Stanford, Mamie Jennings, Minnie 
Magill, Cora Harrington, Irene Clark. ElFleda Coleman, Ella Young, 
Athlena McCorkle, Marguerite Bolan, Florence Harris, Carrie W^oods, 
Suzanne Mulford, Jordan, Grafton, Strong, Skiff. 

Items from (hnnimi. <il. 


Miss Laura Budlong visited io Florida during the past winter. 
Miss Mary J. Sattlefield, *91, is teaching music in Kings, III. 

Miss Kate D. Hathaway spent th3 winter with her parents in Cali- 

Miss KlFleda Coleman, (ex 91) is studying with Mr. W. L. Toralina 
in Chicago. 

Miss Lulu Piatt, one of Gamma's charter members, is studying 
music at Mt. Vernon, Iowa. 

Miss Florence Harris^ (ex 94) wasthe gruestof Miss Marguerite Bolan 
duting the annual convention. 

Miss Blanche Skitf, (ex 95) of Chicago, visited Gamma chapter on 
April 24th, and attended the musical given on that evening. 

Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Richie, (nee Stiruj) hive moved to Tacoma 
Washington, where they are at home to Alpha Chi Omega girls. 

It is expected that .Miss Esther Grannis, Alpha Chi Omega, will re- 
turn to Northwestern next year. We shall be glad to have her again with 
us, and more than glad that she is t > continue the development of her 
beautiful voice. 

Mrs. Mary Howe-Lnvin, prima donna, honorary member Alpha Chi 
Omega, gave a concert in Chicago April the nineteenth. Gamma chapter 
sent to her a large bouquet of red carnations and smilax, and received 
from the fair lady the following note of thanks: 

The Auditorium, Chicago. 
My Dear Miss Coleman: 1 beg of you to extend my warmest 
thanks to the Alpha Chi Omega girls. Gamma chapter, for the lovely 
carnations which were given me last evening at the Hall. It was most 
kind of them to send me such a sweet recognition, and to say that I ap- 
predated it warmly does not begin to express my feeling. Wiih many 
thanks and good wishes to all, believe me, Moat cordially yours, 

Mary HoweLavin. 

At a Beethoven program given in the recital hall of the Department 
of Music of Northwestern University, not long ago, Miss Antoinette 


KriHH from (uintiua 

Woods, Alpha Chi Omega, furnished the vocal numUers, while the in. 
strumeotal part of the program was furnishea by members of the faculty. 
The recital was exceediDgly good. 

On April the twenty. fourth Gamma ch.ipter entertained a few 
friends at the home of Miss Stanford, 1513 Forest avenue, Kvanston. A 
musical program was rendered and refreshments were served. 

A royal feast was enjoyed by Gamma chapter some few weeks ago. 
The Misses Jeannette Evans and Bessie Grant, Alpha Chi Omega, re- 
ceived a trunk of **goodies" from their homes in St. Paul, and Gamma 
chapter was invited ill to help devour the contents. The following was 
the menu: 

Bread Sandwiches 

Saratoga Chips 

Sliced llam 

Deviled Eggs 


Baked chicken 

Chocolate Cake 

Nut Cake 



Salted Almonds 

During the spring vacation the Misses Stanford, .Miilford and 
McCorkle went up to Waukeegan, 111. Their intention was to catch the 
11 :53 a. m. train, but they arrived at the station just in time to see the 
train disappear in the dim distance, so the three maidens half provoked, 
meandered to their respective homes again not in the least shamefacedly, 
but met at the station at 2:27 just in time to jump on the wrong side of 
the train, and consequently the conductor did not see them. They arrivc<l 
at Waukegan safe and sound with their many parcels, and simply took 
Miss Stiong, Alpha Chi Omega, by storm. They had a very jolly time 
and returned home the next day. 



Alpha Chi Omega, the first, and, until that year, the onl}- musical 
fraternity in existence, was founded in 1885 at DePauw University, 
(j reencastle, Ind , by the Dean of that institution. The establishment of 
a Greek letter society outside of college circles proper, came as a new 
iclca, and met with more or less oppo8itif)n, but the originators hehi firm, 
and despite adverse circumstances the Alpha chapter flourished. 

Soon a Beta chapter was established at Albion college, Michigan; 
then a Gamma at Northwestern University, and in January, '91, our 
Delta chapter at the Meadville Conservatory of Musij. The charter mem- 
bers were Fern Pickard, Antoinette Snyder, Mae Bredin, May Tinker 
Ruby Krick, and Klisabeth and Zannie Tate, all members of the conser- 
vatory. The organization was effected through the efforts of Gamma 
chapter, who were in correspondence with one of our girls. 

For some time the idea was known to but one or two students, who 
were endeavoring, with the aid of their teachers, to bring together seven 
girls who would be congenial, and who had moreover the requisite stand- 
ing in school. This proved a more difficult task than at first anticipated. 
The students having no general boarding hall, it was impossible to be- 
come acquainted. Rut at last tlie fortunate ones were decided upon, the 
necessary arrangements made, and all stood in readiness for the delegates 
from the other chapters. IIow impatiently we awaited their coming, our 
thoughts by day filled with preparations, our dreams by night with phan- 
tom goats on mineliief bent! It seemed that the time would never pass. 

34. JJcif.t. 

bnt at length tlie eventful dtiy arrive<i, and seven charter meinbor^ a<» 
well as two honorary, donned the lyre and "stool forth in the sight of 
all beholders.*' 

The chapters already established in Alleghen}' received us courteous- 
ly, recognizing the fact which wo felt to be most evident, that rivalry 
could not and ought not to exist between frater lities having such widely 
different spheres. During the three months subsequent to our organiza- 
tion we were very quiet, our only sign of life being a rausicale given in 
April. Soon after we celebrated our first initiation, and with it was born 
a true fraternity spirit, which had in it much of the missionary's zeal to 
»*go into the wide world." The fact that none of our girls were familiar 
with fraternity life, its demands, duties and pleasures made our advance, 
nient a little slow. However, the old adage, "Kxperienee is the best 
teacher, " came to be realized, and our progress has been, nevertheless, 
sure. Now, though but three years old, our active membership ndl 
shows twelve names, our alumni fourteen and our honorary three, among 
the latter Marie Decca, the famous concert sinjjer. 

Of the graduates of '92, seven are Alpha Chis, and last yeir seven 
more receive i diploma. Two of the ch irter raftmbers are now ;nclucied 
in the faculty, and several others are teaching at their homes. Thus 
through its members, the aim of the fraternity, which Is the 
ment of music. Is being carried out. 

Much of our success is due to the kindly help and encouragement 
given us by the faculty and board of trustees of the Meadville Conserva 
tory of Music. Many of the hard places encountered by new chapters 
were made easy for us by their well directed assistance. In return it 
has ever been our desire to give our alma mater our hearty support and 
co-operation, each Alpha Chi striving to realize in heiself some of the 
lofty ambitions in our open motto — "Ye Daughters of Music, Come up 
Higher" — and so doing, honor the institution which has fostered us. 

R Letter Prom Delta. 

Dear Girls: If we were to miaaure time the past year by the 
pleasures that we have had, the months would indeed he very long ones. 
Our sorority life has been marked with many successes and but few dis- 
appointments. Last fall the active membership of our chapter was 
small, but early in the term we initiated May Graham and Maude 
Maxwell, both of whom liave been a great help to the sorority. Next we 
pledged three girls— Lillian Cowan, Ella May Jack and Elizabeth Patton. 
Elizabeth will become a full member next fall. Later we initiated Lois 
McMullen, and only recently took in Jean Robson and Lucile Blodgett. 
Now we have a membership of twelve active and one pledged — some of 
the girls having gone home during the year. 

Our town girls who are not active now, continue their interest in 
sorority, attending the meetings regularly, and arc always ready to help 
us in anything we undertake. 

Three of our girls. Miss Pinney, a former teacher in our Conservatory, 
Ada Lenhart and Sara Evans are studying this year in New York — the 
first two in Scharwenda school, and Sara is studying voice. 

We will lose three of our girls by graduation this year. May Graham 
graduates in piano and Charlotte Weber and Fern Pickard in voice. 
Evelyn Bright received a certificate in voice, and Minnie Footc and 
Edith Moore finish the post-graduate course. 

A few weeks ago Charlotte Weber entertained the sorority at her 
home, where we had a most enjoyable time, spending the evening, largely, 
by listening to music and recitations. 

Last Monday we were invited down to Edith Moore's, in Cochranton, 
a village ten miles from here. The drive, supper and entire trip was one 
of the happiest affairs possible. 

Next Saturday Harriet Veith gives a luncheon to the chapter at her 

We have several more parties of the same nature in anticipation for 
this term. The girls aim to be together as much as possible, for Charlotte 
and Harriet are soon to leave us, and form clo.ser ties than even these of 
sorority sisters. 

We think that our weekly meetings of this year have been more in- 
t^resting and profitable than ever before. We have spent evenings with 

JV. Aft Eiitvi'tiuniuunt, 

Mozart, Beethoven, Bach, Greig, Chopin ami other 'Composers, sttwiymg 
their lives and their music — thus intermingling pleasure and study. 

Delta extendw her best wishes for the success of the Lyre, and hopes 
to do her part towards making it a source of pleasure to its reader?-. 


On Tuesday, April 10th, three oi DdltVs girl.-*, Virgini:i Porter, 
Fern Pickard and Bertha Cribhs went to Oil City, Pa., where ihey gave 
an entertainment under the auspices of Grace M. K. church. 

The fol. owing program was rendered: 


1 Reading — **Thamre," Phelps 


i a. Nocturne D, Dohler 

2 Piano Soh)' 

( b. **\Vere I a Bird," llei selt 


'6 Mammv's liil' Baby Bov, Edwards 


4 Reading — ^*Queen Katherine's Defense," Shjikespeare 


5 ** Paradise and the Peri," (In Pantomime) Moore 


1 Reading — **A Sisterly Scheme," Bunner 


2 Piano Solo — Cachucha Caprice Ratf 


3 Reading — * Grandma at the .Masquerade," Vandemark 

.Mli^S PORTER. ' 

4 **Rliylhms,' Delsarle 

MISS CRinns. 

5 Reading — **Fogarty, ' Jordan 


At the cojiclusion of the program the girls were invited out to the 

Ati Hl^tt I (i(i HUH ht '»< 

parlors, where the young people of the church serve(1 lo them a ilelieioua 

That they were well receivM'd and their elforU appreciule(J, can he 
seen from the followhijj notice in the "Oil (Mty Derrick:" 


An excellent entertainment was given at (irace church Tues(h»y even- 
ing, hy Miss Caroline Virginia Porter, elocutionist, a*<sisted by Miss 
Bertha iJrihhs. Delsartean, and Miss Fern l^ickard, i>ianist. Miss IMckard 
is a teacher of music in the Meadville Conservatory, and proved herself 
to be a line performer on the piano. Misses Porter and^ (^ribbs are both 
Oil City young ladies, the former at present a teacher of elocution in the 
Meadville Conservatory of Music, where Miss Cribbs is an advanced 
pupil. As an elocutionist, Miss Porter shows wonderful talent and 
careful study. Miss Cribbs, as Delsartean, sur[)rised her many friends, 
who were not aware of her hkill in tliis art. In short, each one excels in 
her own particular line of study, and the large audience retired at 10 
o'clock, well please<l with the evening's entertainment. 

Friends of Delta chapter of Alpha Chi Omega were invited to the 
Conservatory, duriui/ the fall term, to hear the following program, given 
by a few of Delta's girls. After the program, a reception was held and 
light refreshments served. 

rlLPflrl (Jn\ O.MBCVI. 


I'AHT 1 

Kossini (iiorno D'orrore, from Semiramide 


\ a Chopin Berceuse 

'( b Heller Brooklet 


Godard Florian Song 


Munro Orchestral March 


88. Paii-//eUeniv. 

Nevln Summer Day 


Neidlinger Seernade 



Buck Baby Dear 


Kate Jordan Fogarty 


Thomas Gavotte, from Mignon 


j a Dohler Nocturne 

I b Henselt If 1 were a Bird 


Thomas Dost Thou Know that Fair Land 


Widor Serenade 



The fraternity men of Allegheny held their annual Pan.hellenic ban. 
quet at the New Kepler Hotel, Monday evening, April IG. Avery enjoy- 
able time was reported. 

The girls, not to be outdone, decided to have one the same night. 
Owing to hasty preparations, the banquet, at Trowbridge's, was not as 

PtmotutU from Delta. 89. 

elaborate as od former occasions, but an excellent menu card, somewhat 
exaggerated, was sent to the gentlemen and the papers gave us a good^ 

The joke came oui in a few days, but ever^'one voted our »*Pai 
Heavenly," as some have called it, a great success. 

Personals From Delta. 

Harriett K. Veith will be married in June. Her future home will be 
in Detroit, Mich. 

Virginia Porter is making an excellent teache.' of elocution in the 
Conservatory this year. 

Zannie Tate, one of our charter members, is located in Marseilles, 
111., teaching music anc^. art. 

Delta will be sorry to lose Fern Pickard next year, as she expects to 
continue her studies in New York. 

Delta hopes to have a flourishing chapter next year to give the dele- 
gates to the convention a hearty welcome. 

We are happy to say that Ruby Krick, who has been unable to con- 
tinue her work on account of poor health, is improving rapidly. 




"Yi ommfis OF m<isie wmt up mmr 



;i^ t.v I,ihn ^ 

illlUt«M l8ftT. 

- * ■ 


Alpha, DePauw Univt^rsity, (»reencastle, Indiana. 

Bkta,- Albion College, Albion, Michigan. 

Gamma Northwestern University, livanston, Illinois. 

Delta, Alleghany College, Meadville, Pennsylvania. 

Epsii«on,. University of Sonthern California, Los Angeles, California. 
Zbta New England Conservatory, Boston. Massachnsells. 

dei^^ral OffiG^rs. 

President Mary Jantl Wilson, Alpha. 

Secretary Ida H. Steele. Al)>lia. 

Treasurer, (iertrude Ogden. l)elta. 


568 (l:a&t Ir^iDiaion street, 

Bliss Brally ^^tmens, croucnt ptamHt, 

Rcsibrncr: 5an llorntp, 

Jllamrba County, 


Blauti JE^iiuiell, L^ioimii^t 

40 lt>cat (Luirntirfl; .^tvBtf, 

Bcin l^ork Cifg, 


jjiyg ]}YRB 


^lpl2a Q)\)\ (jn^efa. 

VOL. 11. 

MARCH 1897. 

NO. 1 


The principle of organization pervades the universe. By the 
double eye of science — the telescope, which converses with magni- 
tudes, and the microscope, which deals with the minute — we ascertain 
that from the grains of sand upon which we tread, to the stars which 
glitter in profuse and scattered brilliancy over our heads there is no 
isolation. Everything is complex — that is, composed of smaller and 
simpler parts, and no division has yet reached the ultimate atom; 
while on the other hand, no probing into the gulf of immensity has 
yet found the outer barriers, for all relationship to the larger and more 
complicated ceases. The boundless chain of being passes out of 
sight both above and below us. In human affairs of all kinds the 
principle of co-ordination, sub-ordination and combination, which 
builds the unjarring architecture of the universe, is conspicuously 
illustrated. Human beings must be gathered into groups, societies. 
nations, and the epic poem of the ages can say nothing grander to us 
than the burden of the song which is now being sung by the tele- 
graph, the press, the railway, the steamship — the song of^ood will 

and fraternity. One could almost believe that the marv^bus words 

4 The I.yrc. 

of Tennyson are soon to find a fnlfillment: 

"And the hattleflags be furled 
In the parliament of man, 
The federation of the world." 

The (rernian poet, Schiller, in his wonderful hymn of joy, one of 
the k>re!nost lyrics of modern times, embodie<l in words of fire a sen- 
timent which Beethoven set to music in the choral movement of his 
divine Ninth Symphony: 

"Thine enchantment binds together 

Those whom custom stern divitles; 
livery man becomes a brother 

Where thy gentle wing abides." 

Thtis sang Schiller in praise of sympatliy, human fellowship, 
good will; and the song chanted by the angelic choir in Judea two 
thotisand years ago was echoed and revoiced first by the great (lerman 
poet, Schiller, and afterward reinforced by the great musician, Bee- 
thoven. No power in the universe is so mighty for the melting and 
blending of human hearts into gladness and helpftilness as the art of 
music, the mystic art. tlie immemorial art, the art which antedates 
history and promises to be the atmosphere of a perfected humanity. 
By a conjoint and systematic sttidy of this wonderful product of 
human creativeness, the art of music, a great inipettis may be added 
to the oncoming of that heavenly kingdom which is within us. The 
consciousness in the mind of any one student that hundreds of others 
are at the .same time dealing with the same thoughts, must reduplicate 
and extend the glowing delight of the labor as a series of mirrors 
reflects the flame of a lamp. By organized .study and by .S3'stematic 
communication through an official organ the Alpha Chi Omega Fra- 
ternity may greatly promote the cause of music, which is second only 
to that of religion itself. 

CiNCi.NN\Ti. O. JdHN S. VAN CI.KVt;, PH. D. 

The Lyre, 5 


I sought the world's applause, 

And found it not. 
The song I sang for praise 

In vain was wrought. 

I sang another song 
And heede<lnot, 
■ Whether the world had heard 
My dearest tho't. 

'Twas sung alone to one. 

Who was to nie 
The earth, the heaven, the seas, 


The world bowed at my feet 

In ecstasy. 
And laurels crowned 

My modest melody. 
Delta. —[Marc.arrt Browning Barber 


Probably the thing most sought after by almost everyone, and 
most of all by musicians, is self-control or self-possession. Yet how 
few there are who stop to think, that it is the result of long training. 

No matter how strong the desire, one cannot control one's-self in 
emergencies without long years of gathering strength. Students 
who, upon their first public appearance, become almost paralyzed 
with fright, must remember that those whom they much admire for 
cool headedness, have probably been practicing before audiences for 

A pretty illustration of self-possession is told by Ronald J. Mc- 
Neill in his sketch of Jennie Lind. It is an incident which took 
place at Her Majesty's Theater, London, in the spring of '48. It was 
the occasion of Her Majesty's first public appearance since that mem- 
orable chartist day; it was also the great artist's first appearance for 
the season on the boards where she had won unparalleled fame the 
year before. Her Majesty stepped into the royal box just as the 
prima donna stepped from the wings of the stage. Instantly a per- 

6 The Lyre, 

feet storm of acclamation burst from every part of the vast audience. 
Jenny Lind modestly retired to the back of the stage until the dem- 
onstration of loyalty to the sovereign had subsided. The queen, re- 
fusing to appropriate what she imagined to be intended for the singer, 
made no acknowledgement. The cheering increased, continued and 
grew overwhelming; still no acknowledgement from the stage or the 
royal box. Finally the situation became embarrassing, Jennie Lind 
ran forward and sang "God Save the Queen," which was caught up 
at the end of the solo by the orchestra, chorus and audience. The 
queen then came forward, bowed, and the opera was resumed. 

The origin of self-control, is self-forgetfullness. And not only in 
music is this the rule. History, literature and poetry do not record 
one deed of heroism that was selfish. So to gain self-control or self- 
possession, seek first of all to control self every day; then to forget 
self entirely in the absorbing interest of the deed before you. — Alpha. 

The Lyre, 7 

Musical Progress in America. 

This is an age of music. Music and musical instruments have 
found their way into our churches despite all efforts to exclude them. 
Social, political or religious gatherings seldom occur without musical 
attractions. In one of our recent periodicals we find the following: 
**Musicis a fad, no doubt, with many people, but it is a harmless one 
and will keep its devotees from worse things. So if one must have a 
fad, we can heartily advise the adoption of the music fad. To most 
people, however, it is a noble art, an honored profession, and a real 

According to the statement of a prominent lecturer, music fur- 
nishes food for the youthful imagination which will prevent the seek- 
ing elsewhere for what would be harmful. Hence the introduction 
of musical instruments into our homes, however unworthy the in- 
strument or composition played, is not to be discouraged. 

The present prosperity of music explains its adoption as a fad by 
the class of people who devote themselves to each succeeding pastime 
as spoiled children to new toys — only to throw them aside as soon as 
the novelty has worn off. Nothing great or permanent can be looked 
for as a result ot this musical zeal. 

But fortunately, all the devotees of music are not fad seekers. 
The more serious and reliable element seeks what is best in this as 
in all departments. Music is to them an honored science and a noble 
art. They are quick to distinguish between the superficial and the 
genuinely good. They can appreciate the wide range between what 
has been aptly called ^*feet music,*' and the intellectual inter-weaving 
of harmonies in some of the master compositions of the world; or the 
expression by means of sound ot poetical fancies or deep emotions, 
which the most gifted writer cannot adequately express in words, but 
which finds its way without interpretation to thousands of human 

The comparative newness of our country and the necessity of 
practicality in pioneer life has retarded the developeraent of a nation- 
al music. In 1848 we not only had no composers but no facilities for 
publishing music. Its cultivation as an art was almost exclusively 
confined to Boston, New York and Philadelphia. A piano was hardly 

8 The Lyre. 

kuown west of Cinciunati, and an orchestra had probably never been 
heard in this region. Yet, in this as in all other departments, the 
American people are making rapid progress. We are being educated 
both by study under competent teachers, and by hearing the best in- 
terpreters of the world who come to us. Some of our 
large cities are centers of attraction for the world's 
musicians. Good conservatories are being established, and musical 
departments are deemed important adjuncts to the best institutions of 
learning. The American College of Musicians, and the State and 
National Music Teachers' Associations are aiding greatly in the ad- 
vancement of the art. Theodore Thomas with his orchestra has 
accomplished a great work in bringing before the public the best 
orchestral music. During this year, through the enterprise of Walter 
Damrosch, several of Wagner's operas have been rendered in our 
western cities, giving their inhabitants an opportunity of hearing these 
great masterpieces which few cities of the world afford. In his opera 
of "The Scarlet Letter" Damrosch has produced the first American 
opera of any importance. 

Space does not permit a more extended mention of our Ameri- 
can composers. We have not as yet produced a Wagner or a Beeth- 
oven, but even now there is a star of the first magnitude high above 
the eastern horizon, and we read in some of the leading journals that 
E. A. MacDowell is the composer whose work for piano and • orches- 
tra will place American on a level with Europe. However much 
critics may differ as to this, it is undoubtedly true that America has 
composers who have already produced works which give promise 
of greater achievements in the future. — Alpha. 

The Lyre. 9 

A Unique Feature of University Life. 

One of the most interesting and amusing affairs in DePauw col- 
lege life is the Panthygaterian, or "Panthyg," as it is more fre- 
quently called. The name is made up of the Greek word *'pan'* 
meaning '*all,*' and "thygater'* meaning ''daughters.'' It is in 
reality a kind of fancy party; all the guests are expected to go in 
costume on this eventful night. No gentlemen are allowed, and 
should one poor, miserable offender be discovered, woe be unto 
him! In former times, however, some have been known to get in 
in some mysterious manner and witness the Panthygian revels. 

The party is usually given by the "Dormitory girls" in Ladies' 
Hall, which has an immense dining-room and spacious parlors, 
both of which are well adapted to an affair of this kind. All the 
girls in the "dorm" are invited (there are sixty or more here), all 
the girls in College, and the lady teachers and wives of the pro- 
fessors, making about two hundred or more in all. 

At a former celebration of "Panthyg" a very novel idea was in- 
troduced. At the foot of the broad staircase leading to the 
iug-room above, stood a dummy figure of a colored servant-maid, 
wearing white cap and apron, who pointed upward with one black 
forefinger. At the top of the stairs stood a similar figure pointing 
toward the dressing-room, thus showing the way to the arriving 

As the guests descend and enter the parlors, which have been 
cleared for the event, a bewildering picture confronts them. The 
din is terrific, and the picture is indeed gorgeous. Two hundred or 
more girls are there, each one in costume. A "German band," per- 
haps, or a bevy of flower girls attracts one's attention first, but the 
scenes constantly change, and now one sees Old Mother Hubbard 
and Topsy taking a stroll together; or Mary, Queen of Scots, and the 
leader of the "Little German Band." These are only a very few of 
the many characters assumed, some of which are attractive, while 
others are extremely comical. No masks are worn. This is in order 
to more easily detect a "strange sheep" in the flock. The reception 
committee (which, by the way, is generally composed of the ladies of 
the faculty), closely scrutinizes each face and ascertains whether or 

lo The Lyre, 

not the person is entitled to enter. 

The invitations are gotten up in the same unique style as every- 
thing else pertaining to the "Panthyg." One year they were written 
on coarse paper, put in small paper sacks and delivered. Our "Pan- 
thyg** invitations are just out for this year. They consist of a red 
cover or wrapper, inside of which is a flaming yellow poster on 
which in red letters is the following: 




Will start from Dorm Depot 

MARCH 5, 7:30 p. m. 


BUFFALO BILL And other attractions too numerous to mention. 

Is the only line authorized to carry excursionists. 


For further information inquire of former 

excursionists or 
Helen O'Dell. Pres. Mary Casey, G. P. A. 

Pearl Shaw, V-Pres. Anna Gillespie, A. G. P A. 

Portia Heiss, Gen. Man. 
Panthygaterian R. R. 

The refreshments are usually along the following lines: Pea- 
nuts, onions, buttermilk or sausage sandwiches, cakes and sassafras 
tea and such combinations as these: 


O. T. and Sour Stuff. 
Necessary Untensil for Spring Case. 

Concentrated Agony. Hidden Tears. 


Made of Orleans. 

Twigs Appendages. 


Fruit of the Vine. Remnant of Lot's Wife. 


My Bark is Gone. 
Food of the Spinning Wheel. 


Spring Offering. Ivory Manipulators. 

After the so-called banquet toasts are given in due form, and, 

The Lyre, ii 

after remaining at the tables for two hours or more, the girls wear- 
ily wend their way homeward. 

The teachers also enter heartily into the enjoyment of this affair, 
and merriment and gayety reign supreme. As the time now draws 
nigh for the recurrence of the '*Panthyg" we look forward to it 
with great expectations. About the same time the College boys 
have a similar affair called *'Panhellenic,'' which word translated 
means **all the sons." They do not go in cOvStume, but have a dress 
affair and a royal banquet in the bargain. Should any of my read- 
ers — that is the girls, of course — come to De Pauw they will once a 
year surely witness the "Panthyg," and the recollection will be a 
pleasant one in years to come. albkrtta mii^lkr. 

Alpha Chapter, De Pauw University. 

12 The Lyre, 

Fraternity Spirit. 

As these words are written a group of merry girls, sitting Indian 
council fashion in the middle of the floor of a ''Dorm" room is re- 
called. It seems a sort of experience meeting, one of the delightful 
kind where several souls are moved by the spirit at one and the same 
moment. The point of interest under discussion is whether a certain 
brown haired maiden who has shown signs of talent in patient energy 
IS to be invited to enter this magic circle. 

That night was long ago. That company of bright, young 
womanhood was brok'^n and scattered long since. The years be- 
tween then and now have been nearly, if not quite and running 
over, full. Many sorts and conditions of men and things have been 
met, but as the scent of lilacs brings from memory the old fashioned 
walk and garden, so these two words take the heart back to college 
days, college pleasures, their disappointments and their joys. 

And the "Frat," how much it came to mean! 

The girl leaving home for the first time soon realizes the possi- 
bility of great loneliness in the world. She finds that she can do as 
she chooses, so tar as it concerns others. At first the total lack of 
restraint, including that which results from our friends expecting 
something from us, bewilders. Then follows those peculiar stir- 
ings within which experience recognizes as personal responsibility, 
then sympathy — human sympathy is longed for, needed. She looks 
about and in a day awakens to the fact that there are ever so many 
lovely girls in this college. In another week she has identified her- 
self with those who show a preference for certain beautiful colors, 
as for example, olive green and scarlet. From this dates a relation 
which in a way takes the place of the wholesome family relation so 
recently left. 

Similar tastes, similar ambitions, like interests— these are bonds 
which fix social compacts. Justice, not the austere, intolerant selfish- 
ness often disguised by the name, but the justice that knows the 
beauty and harmony and right of proportion, is the law of this small 
society. Lazy habits, thoughtless indiscretions, short-comings to 
which all not infallible are given, are brought before this bar. And 
the judgment separates the gold from the dross. 

Self reliance engenders a faith in one's possibilities to such an 

The Lyre, 13 

extent that nothing short of the best satisfies. When the principles 
of a fraternity stand for excellence, its spirit has a grip for life. 

While college is an important, it is a small world. Small does 
not always mean narrow. Many prejudices are extant against fra- 
ternities. For the most part these originate in and grow wholly on 
theory. The very interests that bind twenty individuals together, 
tend towards a democracy that widens each individual landscape. 
Recognizing the weakness along with the strength in its midst makes 
it not insensible to outside good. Though tastes and ideas may be 
along lines that reach to the same end, they will be expressed in as 
many ways as there are persons who possess them. Difference is not 
neccessarily inferiority. In the college fraternity this fact is revealed 
early. In the greater, older world the spirit of the best of times is the 
gracious fraternity spirit towards every person. — Alpha. 



P^J^fW <?PT &M<Sh 

Published quarterly by Alpha Chapter, Banner Times office. Greencastle, Ind. 
Subscriptiou. 50 cts. per year. Sini^le copies. i5Cts. 
ADVERTISING RATEvS— Full pafje. $ 10.00; half page, $6.00; quarter pagre, I3.00. -=€* 
All material for the next number must be in by May 16. 

vol.. II. GREENCASTI.E, IND.. MARCH 1897. NOl. 


Many have anxiously awaited the reappearance of "The Lyre," 
for its influence is greatly needed in our sorority work. The inspir- 
ation which we receive from association in our respective chapters 
is intensified by the union of the chapters. "The Lyre" should be 
the connecting link which binds all who wear the scarlet and olive, 
or the Lyre of Alpha Chi Omega. 

Through its pages those who are in the active work, and those 
who have gone out from the schools in which we are represented, to 
take up work in whatever field fortune has placed them, may keep in 
touch with each other. The electric current will be transmitted 
along its lines from these musical centers, and quicken the flagging 
interest of the absent ones into new life. 

It is hoped that all will unite to make the journal a success. 
We need the co-operation of every member. To produce even as 
small and unpretentious a journal as "The Lyre" requires much 
labor. To gain the attention of all who should be interested in its 
pages and enlist their support is a task of no small proportions. If 
Number One of Volume Two of "The Lyre" does not realize our 
highest expectations it should spur us on to better achievements. In 
the true spirit of Alpha Chi Omega we should endeavor to make each 
number better than the preceeding. 

We regret the necessity of going to press without a letter from 

The Lyre, 15 

Zeta, our infant chapter. The corresponding secretary writes: **If 
you have never visited the New England Conservatory you have no 
conception of the amount of our time taken up. We regret exceed- 
ingly that we cannot offer you something for the journal, but under 
the existing circumstances we are obliged to forfeit our privilege." 

In future issues we hope to have articles on musical and other 
subjects of general interest. In addition to this the usual letters and 
notes from the chapters will appear. Some characteristic programs 
should be inserted which will show what work we are doing in 
music. We invite the criticism of our readers on this issue, and so- 
licit suggestions which may lead to better results in the future. Let 
each chapter make an effort to procure good material and send it in 
promptly. Let our subscribers endeavor to add new names to the 
list. Such assistance will be appreciated. ai.pha. 

1 6 The Lyre. 

Chapter Personals. 


Miss Sarah Hirt has returned from a trip in the south. 

Miss Emma Miller expects to resume her work in the Music 
School soon. 

Miss Jessie Y. Fox, of class ^95, is now teaching a private class 
in Champaign, 111. 

Miss Marguerite Smith was recently married to Mr. L. W. Light- 
foot of Rushville, Ind. 

Miss Ida Steele, who graduated in the College of Liberal Arts in 
'96, will enter Wellesley next year. 

Miss Helen Birch, who graduated from the School of Music in 
'96, is teaching at her home in Greencastle. 

Miss Helen O'Dell is in school again this term and is preparing 
her Senior recital, which is to be given some time next term. 

Junior recitals will be given this year by Misses Mildred Rut- 
ledge, Albertta Miller and Helen Herr in pianoforte. Miss Lucy An- 
drews in violin and Miss Eva Osburn in voice. 

Miss Lillian Moore is spending the winter at her home in Indi- 
anapolis, and studying with Mrs. Hunter. She is a member of the 
Matinee Musical and also of the Crescendo Club. 

Miss Katherine McReynolds has opened a studio in Washington, 
D. C. , and teaches pianoforte, theory and harmony. Miss McRey- 
nolds studied four years in Stuttgart and teaches the Stuttgart method. 

Miss Estelle Leonard, a charter member of Alpha Chapter and 
graduate of the Music School, expects to go to Japan, having 
accepted a position as teacher of music in a Methodist school in 

Miss Adeline W. Rowley, class '95, is filling the position of in- 
structor in the vocal department in the Illinois State University at 
Champaign. Miss Rowley spent the summer in New York studying 
with Theo. Bjorksten. 

Miss Anne Cowperthwaite studied three years in Berlin under 

The Lyre, 17 

Herr Zwintscher, and is now teaching a class in Bedford, Ind. 
Miss Myrtie Wilder, who studied with Miss Cowperthwaite in Ger- 
many, is teaching at her home in Brazil. 

Misses Estelle Morse, Adeline Rowley and Eva Osburn, will at- 
tend the convention and assist in the solo parts of Reinecke's **En- 
chanted Swans** which will be given by the Lorelei club, under the 
direction of Miss Alison Marion Fernie, head of the voice depart- 

Mrs. Eudora Marshall Esterbrook has charge of the pianoforte 
department in Orleans College, Orleans, Neb. Miss Mamie Jen- 
nings, who graduated from the School of Music in '94 and College in '95, 
is associated with Mrs. Esterbrook in the same .school. Miss Jen- 
nings teaches English literature, and has charge of the voice depart- 

Miss Zella Marshall is in Chicago this winter studying with Mr. 
Emil Liebling. She recently played at a recital given by the Lieb- 
ling Amateur Club. She also assisted at a Y. M. C. A. concert. 
Miss Marshall graduated from the Music School in '93 and from Col- 
lege in '94, after which she spent a year in the Xew England Con- 

Miss Josephine Tingley, who left DePauw Music School in her 
Junior year, has since graduated from the Chicago Training School 
for City, Home and Foreign Missions. Miss Tingley is now engaged 
in the evangelistic work as a deaconess in the Freeport District, 
Freeport, 111. She will go to Toronto in the interest of missions 
when all her present engagements are filled. 


Miss Jessie Cushman is attending school at Lake Forest, III. 

Miss May Miner, '96, has a flourishing class at Orion City, Mich, 

Miss Clarissa Dickie, '94, studied in Detroit Conservatory last 

Miss Fannie Dissette, '95, has a large music class in Nashville, 

Miss Marion Childs is studying voice culture at Oberlin Conserv- 

1 8 The Lyre, 


Miss Anna Scotten is continuing her study in the Detroit Con- 

Miss Beatrice Breckenridge is attending the Woman's College at 
Cleveland, O. 

Miss Hattie Reynolds, '84, is a successful teacher of music in 
Jackson, Mich. 

Miss Alida Handy plays the pipe organ in the M. E. Church, 
Bay City, Mich. 

Miss Grace Armstrong, '96, has gone to Forty Fort, Pa., which 
will be her future home. 

Miss Cora Harrington, '94, sings soprano in the First M. E. 
Church, of Jackson, Mich. 

Miss Grace Brown has the position of vocal teacher in the School 
for the Blind at Lansing. Mich. 

Miss Lucy McMaster,'96, has a large class, and is organist in the 
Presbyterian Church at Ludington, Mich. 

Miss Louise Birchard is now engaged in physical culture work 
with Mrs. Priest of Boston. Miss Birchard introduces the Priest 
system into the high schools of the large cities. 

Miss Katherine Brandon, Mrs. Mame Harris Wolfe, and Mrs. 
Mattic Reynolds-Colby assisted in the musical part of the Epworth 
League Assembly at Ludington during the past summer. 

Miss Jennie W^orthington, *86, Mrs. Mattie Reynolds-Colby, 
Miss Ethel Calkins, '93, Miss Katherine Brandon and Miss Clarissa 
Dickie, all Alpha Chis, are successful teachers in the Albion Con 


Miss Jean Whitcomb, '96, was married last spring to Charles 
Fenn, of Chicago. 

Miss Lulu Keller, '93. was married October, 1896, to Mr. Lau- 
dig, of Buffalo, X. V. 

September 12, 1896, Miss Blanche Bryant, '95, and Mr. W. B. 
Dunbar were married in Jackson, Mich. 

Miss Janetta Allen. '93, was married in October, 1895, to Mr. A. 

The Lyre, 19 

W. Cushman. They reside in Vincennes, Iiid. , where Mr. Cushman 
is manager of the Cushman Drug Company. 

Miss Ada Lenhart is in Oil City this winter. 

Miss Jene A. Robson is spending the winter in California. 

Miss Elizabeth Tate, '95, has moved to Boise City, Idaho. 

Miss Ruby Krick, '92 and '93, is much improved in health. 

Miss Mary Pinney is in New York, and has a studio in Carnegie 

Miss Blanche Stephenson expects to go to Cincinnati in Feb- 

Miss Bertha Cribbsisthe instructor of physical culture at Alle- 
ghany Coll.ege. 

Mrs. Harriet Virth Robson visited her parents in Meadville in 
the early summer. 

Miss Lois E. Mc Mullen is studying with Mr. Emil Liebling and 
is also teaching in Aurora, 111. 

Miss Zannie Tate is teaching music and art in Marseilles, 111. 
She is taking lessons now of Emil Liebling. 

Misses Lucile Blodgett, Anna Ray and Evelyn Bright expect to 
go to New York to study after the Holidays. 

Miss Elizabeth E. Patton, one of our pledges of '93, expects to 
continue her studies at the Conservatory next term. 

Miss May Tinker is teaching voice culture in Wabash, Ind. She 
is also doing some concert work and has positions in two churches. 

Miss Fern Pickard, '93 and '94, is teaching at her home in 
Jamestown, N. Y. She also plays the organ in the First Presbyter- 
ian Church there. 

Delta has had two weddings this fall — Miss Gertrude Sackett 
and Miss MacBreden. Miss Sackett, now Mrs. Laffer, still lives in 
Meadville, but Mrs. MacBredin- Robinson has gone to Erie. 


Miss Bertha Phelps spent last winter in San Francisco studying 

Delia Hoppen is the only one of our number who graduates this 

20 The Lyre, 


Etba Kepner is gladly welcomed back again after several weeks 

Flora Parker has done us great credit in her work in the Cum- 
nock School of Oratory. 

Ora Willard is out of school on account of illness. We hope to 
have her with us again soon. 

Nellie Green has been unable to continue her course of music on 
account of ill-health, but keeps up interest and active work in Alpha 

Mrs. R. W. Van Cleve, 7iec Louise Davis, will soon take posses- 
.sion of her elegant new home, where her Alpha Chi si.sters will 
always find a warm welcome. 

Lulu Johns, of '93. after taking post-graduate work here last 
April, departed for Berlin. She is now studying with Moskowski's 
first assi.stant, who was also a pupil of Rubenstein. 

Cornelia Keep, '93, was graduated with high honors. She is 
still with us, taking voice and post-graduate work in piano. During 
Prof. Skiele's illness she assisted in the piano department, and is 
teaching the history of music in the school this year. 


The Lyre, 21 

Qiapter Letters* 



It is with a sense of satisfaction that we welcome again the 
'•Lyre/' for it furnishes the needed means of communication, and 
brings the members of the different chapters more nearly in touch 
with each other's work. 


Very few of the girls who were in school last year returned in 
the fall at the beginning of the term, but ere many weeks had elapsed 
our number had increased above four told. We initiated ^v^ girls 
and pledged eight. Since the return of several of the old girls our 
enrollment is twenty-four. 

We hold our meetings on Saturday evening of each week, when, 
unless two much business is pending, a musical and literary program 
is given. To this the pledged as well as the active members are 
admitted and all take part in turn. 

At Christmas time "Santa" visited our rooms and left a number 
of beautiful and valuable gifts In November we were entertained 
by Miss Birch at her home, and we are indebted to Miss Wilson for 
a Holiday social. Aside from an informal reception given in the 
fall to our new girls and another in honor of Miss Colburn, a visiting 
member, we did very little in a social way the first term. 

We have enjoyed concerts in our Artists' Course by Godowsky 
and Miss Powell, and three lecture recitals by Mr. Walter Waugh 
Lauder, Of the faculty, Miss Alison Marion Fernie, of the Voice 
Department, gave an excellent recital early in the year, and is pre- 
paring another to be given soon. Miss Elizabeth Sawyers, piano- 
forte, has given two programs, one a lecture recital on Beethoven. 
The members of the faculty are preparing an unusual number of 
Junior and Senior pupils for their required recitals. 

One of the greatest musical treats we have had was a recital of 
unusually high order, given January 30, by Miss Maud Powell, the 
world-famed violinist. Previous to this time she had accepted a 
proposition from Alpha Chapter to become an honorary member, and 

22 The Lyre, 

her initiation took place on Saturday afternoon After the ceremony 
the pledged members were admitted. A reception was given in 
honor of Miss Powell immediately after the recital, in the parlor of 
Ladies' Hill, to which a limited number of our friends were invited. 
Besides being a true artist, Miss Powell possesses many womanly 
virtues and a winning manner. She endeared herself to all who met 
her, and when she left us we felt as if we were bidding good-bye to a 
sister indeed. 

The work ot preparing and arranging material for "The Lyre'* 
has not been lacking in its pleasant features. Letters full of encour- 
agement were received from many sisters at a distance in answer to 
our inquiries concerning them. Among the number were notes from 
two of our honorary members — Mme. Bloomfield Zeisler and Miss 
Neally Stevens — wishing us success in our every effort. In turn we 
send greetings to all our sisters, many of whom we havc* not seen, but 
for whom we feel the stn^ngest sisterly relation. May this year be 
one marked with success above all that we have ever known. 



Beta Chapter ngain sends greetings. 

The fall term of 'g5 op^jiied brightly for Albion College with a 
large number of new students. Last year Beta lost seven girls by 
graduation, and, as several others did not return, the beginning of 
this year found our chapter small in numbers, but every member 
was filled with enthusiasm and anxious to win new laurels for 
Alpha Chi Omega. After a tew weeks of energetic work we ini- 
tiated Jennie Dickinson, of White Pigeon, Mich.; Emma Phelps, of 
Cresco, Mich.: Grace Dubrow, of Hudson, Mich., and Dorothy 
McClellan, of Macomb, 111. We also pledged six girls, three of whom 
will be eligil)le for initiation before the close of the present year. 
Beta takes much pride in her chapter lodge, which was dedicated 
last year. Having a home of our own has served as an inspiration 
to all, and has developed a more sisterly spirit among the girls. 
We have received many beautiful gifts from the other fraternities, 
our Alumnae, and otherfrieuds. 

College life has been unusually active this year, and Alpha Chi 


The Lyre, 23 

has had her share of the social successes. Halloween we entertained 
our gentlemen friends at the chapter lodge. The lodge was very 
prettily decorated with sorority flowers and colors. Pumpkins, jack- 
o'-lanterns and candles were also in evidence and tended to give an 
exceedingly wierd effect. After an elaborate dinner the remainder 
of the evening was spent in Halloween pastimes. 

December 9th, Albion College Day, was observed in an appro- 
priate manner. All class work was suspended. w^ere 
made both morning and evening, and a banquet was served in the 
gymnasium at noon. 

Prof. C. B. Scheffler, for fourteen years director of the Conserv- 
atory, was obliged to resign his position last spring on account of ill- 
health. Beta was especially sorry, for in Prof. SchefBer our chapter 
had a most true and loyal friend. His successor, Prof. C. B. Adams, 
formerly of Oberlin Conservatory, is fast winning favor among the 
students and is proving a very efficient director. Mrs. Adams also 
teaches in the Conservatory. 

On December 21st the Oberlin Glee Club gave a concert here. 
The fraternity spirit was very manifest that evening. The gentle- 
men did the houDrs at the concert, various sections of the building 
being reserved by the fraternities and handsomely decorated with 
their colors. After the concert the sororities united in giving a 
delightful reception to the club, faculty and students. 

Delta Gamma has just completed a very pretty chapter lodge 
which will soon be dedicated. We understand tliat Kappa Alpha 
Theta intends building next spring. 

We have enjoyed many informal "spreads" at eur lodge and at 
the homes of our members. We meet regularly Saturday evenings. 
Our meetings are marked with enthusiasm and loyalty on the part of 
the members, and we feel that much good work is being accomplished. 
The only girls on the editorial staff of the college paper are 
Alpha Chis. We are also represented by five members in the Con- 
servatory faculty. 

We have had visits this year from Miss Louise Birchard, Mrs. 
W. B. Dunbar and Mrs. H. W. Cushman. 

Beta sends best wishes to the other chapters. 


24 The Lyre. 




Gamma Chapter is not as large this year as last, as several of 
our girls could not come back, and as yet we have not had very 
many additions. We have lately initiated three girls — 
Ella Parkinson, Cornelia Porter and Irene Stevens — who will be 
quite a help to our chapter. 

We are expecting several of our members back after Christmas. 

Our chapter was visited this year by two of our old girls, Arta 
Mae Bellows, of Maryville, Mo., who is an elocutionist and 
appeared on several ot our programs, and Cordelia Hanson, of 
Kenosha, Wis., who is also quite talented. 

We have has been greatly assisted by Mrs. George A. Coe, 
an honorary member. Being a member of the faculty, she has been 
able to help in many ways. She entertained us delightfully at her 
home on November i6, 1896. We have also been entertained by 
Grace Richardson at her home in Buenna Park, and by Miss Stan- 
ford and the Misses vSiller. 

At our meetings we have a musical program every 
other week and study the composers, from which we derive a great 
deal of benefit. So far we have studied Schubert, Mendelssohn, 
Brahms and Chopin. 

A new building for the School of Music is now being erected, 
and we hope to secure new fraternity rooms in it. Our present rooms 
are not as commodious as we wish. We expect to get into our new 
rooms bv the first of the vear. 

One of our girls, Miss Mary E. Stanford, is the soprano at the 
First Methodist Church at Racine, Wis. Miss Carrie 
Antoinette Woods, was recently married to Mr. Chauncey Abbot, of 
Schuyler, Neb. Yours in Alpha Chi, 


Cor. Secv, 




It gives us great pleasure to find such an opportunity as this in 

The Lyre. 25 

which to send our good wishes to all of our dear sisters, and to express 
that love which we feel at all times for them. 

The Conservatory of Music here opens usually about the first of 
September, but many of the girls who come from a distance stay at 
the girls' boarding hall of Alleghany College, which does not open 
until two or three weeks later. Though we reorganize during the "*^ 
first part of the month, our "rushing season" does not really begin 
until quite a little later when College opens. 

The season of reorganizing and "bidding" our girls passed off 
very pleasantly with a few "spreads" and the like. Then we initi- 
ated a trio of merry girls, and we are very proud of them. We have 
fifteen active members. A number of our girls who live in 
town but are not active members, attend the meetings regularly and 
are really so "active" we simply couldn't part with them. 

Two of the girls have been ensnared by cupid and have left this 
winter, regardless of the sighs and entreaties of their sisters. 

Our fraternity room is on the third floor of the Conservatory 
building. It was formerly the attic, but woe unto the person who 
dares designate it by that name now! There are three windows in 
the room, one facing north, one east and one west. The ceiling over 
each is in the form of a gable. The walls and the ceiling — many 
times it is hard to tell which is which — are covered with matting. 
In one corner, where the roof slants to the floor, we have stretched a 
hammock. All of the furnishing of the room has been selected as 
nearly as possible with the idea of keeping up the Japanese effect pro- 
duced by the matting. The color is olive and golden brown. We 
have our business meeting first and then the program, which has been 
made out two weeks before. We have not had any definite plan of 
programs, but try to make tlieni as profitable and interesting as pos- 
sible. We hope the circular letter will be started soon, for we think 
that it would be extremely interesting and would draw us more 
closely together. With best wishes from Delta, 


Cor. Sccv. 




I fear you will think your California .sisters very delinquent, and 

26 The Lyre. 

we plead no excuse except that in our sunny climate we put off letter 
writing until the rainy day, which at this season of the year should 
be expected occasionally. Since last March only twice have the 
gray clouds dimmed the brightness of our sunshine and shut us in 
with a restful sense of having a whole day for indoor pleasure and 

In June of '95 Epsilon Chapter of Alpha Chi Omega made its 
debut in the Greek world. Kappa Alpha Theta gave a delightful 
reception at which we were formally introduced and most cordially 
greeted by the other sororities and fraternities. 

Delta Gamma gave an "at home" in our honor and we were 
heartily welcomed into fraternal fellowship. 

At the opening of the school year we gave an inaugural recep- 
tion, which was the brilliant social event of the term, and later, vvhen 
we were established in our pleasant quarters, we entertained the so- 
rorities informally in honor of four new members. 

When Dean and Mrs. Bacon moved into their new home they 
celebrated the occasion by giving us an elaborate banquet and other- 
wise treating us in a royal manner. The party was, in fact, a fare- 
well to one of our members, Alice Mann, who was called to her home 
in Arizona by the of her mother. 

During the present term, on account of illness and absence of 
members, we have accomplished little, aside from maintaining inter- 
terest and enthusiasm in the chapter, but are planning glorious 
achievements for the future. 

Our chapter had the pleasure of a visit from Miss Robsen, of 
Delta, who was traveling in southern California last winter. 

Mrs. Harvey Grey, uee Carrie Moore, of Alpha, was spending the 

winter with her brother. Dr. Moore, of Los Angeles, and proved a 

most delightful friend and sister. 

We are glad to welcome Mrs. Brown, of Beta, who has recently 
moved to our city. Thus you see, although separated from our sis- 
ter chapters by many miles of prairie and desert and the barrier of 
lofty mountains, which sometimes gives us a feeling of isolation, yet 
we sometimes feel the clasp of friendly hands and hear kind greetings 
of sisters whose presence strengthens the friendship already made 
lasting by the welcome white-winged messenger from the east, and 
the ties of Alpha Chi Omega. 


2n 11} nn or tain. 

We are grieved to record tlie j^ad deatli of 

Mi^s Marguerite Bolan, of Gan:iina Chapter. 

Miss Bolan' s home wa.- at Ashley, Ind. She 

attended the convention last sprin*^ at Mead- 

ville. Pa., and won all hearty; by her sweet 

disposition. Slie was one of the most talented 

of the chapter, being a graduate of both Cum- 

nock's School of Oratory and the Northw^estern 
School of Music. 

28 The Lyre. 

Q)nvcntion Notes. 

The sixth national convention of Alpha Chi Omega met with 
Delta Chapter at Meadville, Pa., April 8th, 9th and loth, 1896. All 
chapters were represented, the ^delegates being: Miss Ida vSteele, 
Alpha, DePanw University, Greencastle, Ind. Miss Josephine Par- 
ker, Beta, Albion College, Albion, Mich. Misses Lillian vSiller and 
Florence Harris, (ramma. Northwestern University, Kvan.ston, Il- 
linois. Misses Gertrnde Ogden and Florence Harper, Delta, Mead- 
ville Conservatory of Music, Meadville, Pa. Miss Lnlu C. Johns, 
Epsilon, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Cal. Misses 
Gertrude Rennyson and Barbara Strickler, Zeta, New Hngland 
Conservatory of Music, Bo.ston, Mass. 

This was the initial convention for both Upsilon and Zeta, these 
chapters having been established since our ])revious convention. Miss 
Margaret Barber was presiding officer of the convention, and 
Lulu C. Johns was recording secretary. The sessions were held with 
the local chapter in their cosy and artistic rooms at the Conservatory 
of Music. Much business which is of great importance to the general 
fraternity was transacted. vSuitable and possible locations lor new 
chapters were discussed, and in most cases placed in charge of the 
chapter which seemed most competent to secure their establishment. 

One session- was devoted to the arrangements for the publication 
of "The Lyre," which shall be issued quarterly in the interests of 
the fraternity. The minor details of the magazine, such as subscrip- 
tion price, cover design, etc., were left to Alpha Chapter, in whose 
charge the publication was placed. The remainder of the convention 
was necessarily occupied by matters of less importance, such as fra- 
ternity stationery, song books, reports of officers and rules and regu- 
lations of future conventions. A musical call was also adopted. The 
business session of the convention closed with the election of officers. 

Socially, the convention was a brilliant success and wmU long be 
remembered by both entertainers and entertained as a most delight- 
ful week. Wednesday evening the local chapter of Alpha Chi 
Omega entertained the other college fraternities with a musicale in 
which the delegates took part. After the recital a reception was 
given the guests in the fraternity rooms. 

One of the most pleasant occasions of the week was an elegant 

The Lyre. 29 

reception given by the Delta Chapter to their visitors on Thursday 
evening at the home of Mr. Walter S. Harper. Mr. and Mrs. Har- 
per, Miss Florence Harper and the delegates received. Music was 
furnished by the Northwestern Orchestra. Refreshments were served 
in the dining-room to 175 guests. 

Friday the Alpha Chis were received at Huling's Hall by Kappa 
Alpha Theta from 3 to 5 o'clock, and Kappa Kappa Gamma from 4 
to 6 in their different fraternity rooms. Dainty refreshments were 
served, and the hours passed off too rapidly for both guests and 

Friday evening the usual convention banquet was held at the 
Commercial Hotel. The dining-room was profusely decorated with 
the fraternity colors and flowers. Covers were laid for thirty-six and 
a splendid menu was enjoyed. Mrs. Juvia O. Hull acted as toast- 
mistress, and the following was the program after the banquet: 

Song Rallying Song 

The Bond Miss Strickler (Zeta) 

New Strings to * 'The Lyre" Miss Parker (Beta) 

Mademoiselle, the Goat Miss Bolan (Gamma) 

Song ... Bound Heart to Heart 

Alpha Chis in Music Miss Steele (Alpha; 

Our Greek Brothers Miss Johns (Epsilon) 

Auf Wiedersehn Miss Porter (Delta) 

Song Old College Days 

This was the last meeting of the sixth convention. May our 
seventh with Alpha be as profitable and pleasant. 

( For Convention Programme, see pag^e 30. | 

30 The Lyre. 


©onservatori? of /Uustc, 


'nipba (3bi ^mega illusicale, 

AF>RIL S, 1 

Liebling Oavotte Moderne 

Miss Flora Pendleton. (Delta) 

Rubinstein Kammenoi Ostrow 

Miss Josephine Parker. ( Beta) 

Verdi Mercedillette amiche 

Miss Edith Moore, (Delta) 

Gottschalk Tremulo 

Miss F'lorence Harris. (Gamma) 

Meyer- Helniund The Butterfly Waltzes 

Miss Lillian Siller. (Gamma) 

a. Grieg An den Fruhling 

b. Raff Polka de la Reine 

Miss Susanna Porter. (Delta) 

Becker Spring-tide 

Miss Sara Evans. (Delta) 

Mendelssohn Duo — Capriccio brillante 

Miss Lulu C. Johns (Epsilon) Miss Helen Edsall (Delta) 

a. Rotoli Alone 

b. Thomas- Mignon Knowest Thou the Land 

c. Bizet-Carmen Habanera 

Miss Gertrude Rennyson. (Zeta) 

Mendelssohn Concerto in G minor Helen Edsall. (Delta) 

Orchestral part on Organ by Mr. Comstock. 

The Lyre. 3 1 

A Picture. 

It hangs on the wall of Alpha's Fraternity Hall and is one of 
her treasures. It is a memento of one of the most delightful events 
in her history, the initiation of Maud Powell. Shortly after the re- 
turn of the noted violinist to New York she sent to Alpha a large 
photograph of herself, accompanied by a kindly letter of greeting. 
The picture was at once framed and hung, and is a constant inspira- 
tion to the members as they come and go, to attain a high standard 
of musical excellence and true womanliness. 

G)nvcntion Notice. 

Alpha wishes to call attention to the seventh national convention 
which will meet at Greencastle late in March, ore>irly in April. The 
other chapters will V)e notified of the exact time as soon as the date 
is fixed. A full representation is hoped for, and it is earnestly desired 
that the delegates come thoroughly prepared on all matters to come 
before the convention. 

Alpha hopes a large number of absent members may find it possi- 
ble to attend the convention and looks forward to such a reunion as 
one of the most pleasant features of the occasion. 

Beta^s Lcxige* 

Our lodge has been such a source of enjoyment to us that a short 
account of it may be of interest. 

We have now been in the lodge over a year and the sorority has 
been greatly benefitted. Having this building for our very own has 
added interest and enthusiasm to our work. The lodge is a brick 
building situated on a corner of what is known as College Grove, just 
east of the college buildings. The position is an enviable one, and 
we are duly thankful for having obtained it. As we enter the front 
door, which opens upon a good-sized piazza, we find ourselves in a 
hall, on one .side of which is an old-fashioned brick fire-place in 
which a cheery fire is usually burning. Opening on the right bv 
double doors is the parlor, a large room admirably adapted for en- 
tertaining. back of the hall is a small room, from which the 
staircase leads to the dressing-rooms above. In this little room are 
cosy seats with a multitude of pillows and a most inviting recess. On 

32 The Lyre, 

the left of the hall is our dining or drawing-room, as the case may 
demand. Directly back of this is the kitchen, and in addition to the 
usual kitchen necessities it contains a gas stove, which, by the way, 
we have found to be one of our greatest blessings. The lodge is 
lighted by gas and heated by a furnace. We have hard-wood floors 
throughout, and find large rugs much more convenient than carpets. 
The rooms are all furnished very completely and tastefully, many of 
our prettiest things being gifts. Our opening reception was given 
December nth, 1895, and was pronounced a social success. For us, 
however, it marked the beginning of many pleasant hours to be spent 
in the lodge. And we have not been disappointed, for it is indeed 
an ideal place. 


Old and New Violins. 

"What is the difference between new and old violins?" 

This is a question that is often asked, especially by the enthusiastic ama- 
tuer or would-be purchaser. 

Time was when an artist or concert musician must own a "genuine''- -a 
*'Strad" or Amati, but Stradivarius has now been dead more than one hundred 
and fifty years and the old wizard of Cremona has left us but a few rare instru- 
ments which can scarcely be purchased with their weight in gold. Many a 
modern money king holds in his selfish grasp these rare products of the mas- 
ter's cunning, which he neither uses himself nor even allows others to use. 
However, there is no longer a necessity for paying a small fortune in order to 
secure a first class violin, for the violin makers of our own country can now 
produce instruments as perfect in tone and workmanship as any of the old 
master's, and at a far more reasonable price. I have in my possession an 
American violin which was made about three years ago by Mr. Andrew Hyde, 
of Northampton, Mass. It is a Stradivarius model, an exact copy of a veYy 
valuable old instrument of that make. In appearance the instrument is as ar- 
tistically delicate in construction and contour as a piece of rare old china. 
The clear Amber varnish is of the golden hue so much admired in the old vio- 
lins and it shows to the best advantage the beautiful grain of the Italian wood. 
The mature and limpid tone of the old instrument is faithfully reproduced 
in this new violin and no "digging" of the bow is nece.ssary to produce the 
strength of tone and carrying power which are much to be admired. It has 
been compared with four violins each of which was one hundred or more years 
of age, and in each case found to be the most satisfactory for all purposes. 
The later day instruments exhibit power and some qualities not to be excelled 
by the Italian connoiseur, and violin making is not a lost art as many would 

L. G. A. 

The Lyre. 33 

Scbool of nDu0ic, Bepauw lllnivereit^, 

flDcbarrs *aHt June 5, 1896. 


— A88I8TID BY— 

I Of Indianapolis. Ind.j 

Mr. Richard Schliewen, ist Violin. 

Miss Louise Schrader, 2d Violin. 

Mr. Rudolp Koster, Viola. 

Mr. Adolph Schellschinidt, Violoncello. 


1. Bach Prelude and Kugue in C sharp 

2. Mendelssohn Concerto in G minor 

Molto allegro con fuoco, Andante, 
Molto allegro e vivace. 

[With string accompaniment by The Schliewen (Quartette.] 

3. Chopin ......../.. Variationen Brilliante in B flat 

Schumann '*Aufschvvung" 

4. Beethoven Quartette, Op. 59, No. i 

Allegro, Adagio. 
The Schijewen Quartette. 

5. Henselt Etude— ''Si Oiseau J'etais" 

Mendelssohn -Liszt "Auf Fluegeln des Gesanges" 

Max Vogrich Staccato Capric. 

34 2'A<r Lyre. 

CoUcdc Cbapel, Hlbion, flMcb. 

XTbursdai? Bventna. Aai? 26, 1896. 

— BV— 


— ASblSTKl) BY- - 


— AND— 



1. liallade Chopin 

Miss Mc Masters. 

2. The Angels vSalutation Gounod 

Miss Brandon. Violin Obligato — H. W. Brown. 

I "In Bocaccio's Villa" Nevin 

I Staccato Ktnde Vogrich 

Miss Mc Masters. 

4. "The vSchoolniarnrs Courtin' " Recitation 

Miss ( I or in ley. 

5. Resolution Dancla 

Violin Quartette. 

( "Winter JLullabv" DeKoven 

6. "Snow Flake" Cowen 

( "To-morrow" Neidlinger 

Miss Brandon. 

7. Nocturne, op. 27, No. 2 Chopin 

Miss Mc Masters. 

8. Statue Poses 

Miss Oormley. 

9. Concerto in A flat Chopin 

Miss Mc Masters. 
[Orchestral accompaniment on 2d piano by Miss Calkins.] 

The Lyre. 35 

Faculty Serie^-. Sixth Season, 1896-37. 

flortbvDe0tern lllnivereiti? Scbool of nDueic, 



— IIV— 





Beethoven, Sonata Appassionata 

1. Allegro A ssai. ii. Andante Con Moto. 

III. Allegro Ma Non Troppo. 
Mrs. Coe. 

r Krinnerung 

- Die S( 

Brahms -! Die vSonne vScheint Nicht Mehr 

[ () Liebliche Wangen 

Mr. Hypes. 

g . / Prelude, Lento Moderato 
i Fugue, Adagio Alia Breve 

Scarlatti Pastorale 

Field Nocturne 

Dussek La Chasse, Adagio, Allegro 

Mrs. Coe. 

Jensen ^L'lrgreta 

Chadwick Sweet Wind That Blows 

Osgood This Rose I Send to Thee 

Mr. Hypes. 

Chopin ^ Impromptu, Op. 51 

^ \ Nocturne, Op. 9, No. i 

Wagner-Liszt Spinnerleid 

Moszkowski Presto Alia Giga 

Mrs. Coe. 

36 The Lyre. 

Belta Cbapter, fl^ea^viUe, pa. 



^ART 1. 

Scharwenka Valse- Impromptu 

Miss Helen Orris. 

Meyer-Helmund Serenade 

Baritone Solo — Mr. Oscar F. Conistock. 
Female Trio — Mrs. Biilen and Misses Ogden. 

Schumann Novellette in F 

Miss L. Fa\' Barnaby. 

Selected Soprano Solo 

Mrs. Bulen. 

Chopin Etude in A, flat 

Miss vSnsaniia Porter. 

Carracioli Tuscan Folksongs 

Misses Ogden. 

PART 2. 





Mr. Robert Vardsley, an expert Mr. W. P. Beazell 

Mr. Jack Barlow, another Mr. Walter Dewey 

Mr. Thaddeus Perkins, a beginner Mr. Oscar F. Comstock 

Mr. Edward Bradley, a scoffer Mr. Frank Mixsell 

Mrs. Thaddeus Perkins, a resistant .... Margaret B. Barber 

Mrs. Edward Bradley, an enthusiast Anna C. Ray 

Jennie, a maid Miss Edith J. Roddy 

The Lyre. 




Mrs. Newland T. DePauw. 

Madame Julia Rive- King. 
Miss Neally Stevens. 
Miss Maud Powell. 

Mrs. Orra P. John. 

Mrs. Cecilia Eppinghousen Bailey. 

Miss Alice Wentwortb. 

Mrs. AlmaDahl Dixon. 


Mrs. Chas. DePauw. 


Madame Fannie Bloomfield-Zeisler. 
Mrs. Mary Howe I^avin. 


Mrs. Ella G. Earp. 

Mrs. Jennie Allen Bryant. Lena Eva Alden. 


Lucy G. Andrews. Brazil. Ind. 

*Luln Atkinson, Willow Branch. Ind. 

*Ina Ballinger. Williamsburg. Ind. 

* Bonnie Beanchamp, Tipton, Ind. 

I«anra Marsh Bennet, Okahumpka. Fla. 

Helen Hanna Birch, Greencastle. Ind. 

*Minnie Bowman, Covington. Ind. 

•Uxxic Byers, Shelbyville, Ind. 

tCora Branson Benedict. 

Byrde Chenoweth, Winchester. Ind. 

Marion Colbum. Michigan City, Ind. 

Carrie Conrey. Shelbyville, Ind. 

Raebum Cowger. Greencastle, Ind. 

Emma Cox, Anderson. Ind. 

Anne Cowperthwaite. Tom's River. N. J. 

Bertha Demston. Indianapolis. Ind. 

AUah DeVore. O'Dell. Ind. 

*Daisy Estep. Danville. Ind. 

Ella Farthing. 

•Evalyn M. Foster. Attica, Ind. 

Jessie Y. Pox, Champaign. 111. 

Gertrude H. French, Box ford. Mass. 

Mame Oallihue, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Carrie Moore Gray. Galveston. Ind. 

Lillie Throop Hand, Carbon, Ind. 

Minnie Hargrave, Princeton. Ind, 

Alice Cary Heaton. Knightstown. Ind. 

Stella Heston, Princeton, Ind. 

Helen Herr, Brazil Ind. 

•Marie Hirt, Greeastle. Ind. 

I,eah Walker Smiley, Indianapolis. Ind. 

Meta Horner. Medaryille, Ind. 

*RetU W. Jaques. Owensville, Ind. 

*Agne8 Jones, Reese's Mills, Ind. 

BeMie Grooms Keenan. I«eroy. 111. 

Emma Lathrope, Delphi, Ind. 

Estelle Leonard, 127 W. 12th St. Cincinnati, O. 

Anna Augustus Link. Paris, 111. 

Zella Lesa Marshall. Centralia. III. 

Eva R. Meridith, Muncie. Ind. 

Albertta Miller, Richmond, Ind. 

'Isabel Shafer Morgan, Wichita. Kas. 

Katharine H. McReynolds. Washington. D. C. 

Nellie Montgomery. 

*Emma Nickle. Winfield. Ka.s. 

Mayme B. O'Dell. O'Dell. Ind. 

Eva Osburn, Shelburn. Ind. 

Bessie Parrett, Patoka, Ind. 

Ella G. Peck, Greencastle, Ind. 

*Edith Plested. University Park, Denver. Col. 

Helen Dalrymplr Rice. 183 Park Av. Ind'pls.Ind 

*Maud Rowland, Covington. Ind, 

*Valverde Rupp. Terre Haute, Ind. 

Mildred Rtttlcdge. State St. Springfield. 111. 

Pearl Armitage, Peru. Ind. 

*Belle Mikels Bailey, West Lafayette, Ind. 

Suda West Baldwin, Ft. Branch. Ind. 

Bunny Barry. Sheldon, 111. 

*Maude Biddle, Danville, Ind. 

Clara Beil, Bluffton. Ind. 

♦Myrtle Boltz. 

*Leonore Boas Brown, Kokorao, Ind. 

Lida Bosler. 

"Olive Carter, Brazil, Ind. 

Olive Burnett Clark, Anderson, Ind 

iune Collins, Knoxville, Iowa. 
Tellie Bolton Copeland, 850 G. Av. St. Paul,Minn 
tLouise Coucher. 
*Kittie Crowder, Sullivan, Ind. 
Minnie Davis, Martinsville, Ind. 
•Nellie Dobbins, West Lafayette, Ind. 
•Okah DeVore, O'Dell, Ind. 
Dora Marshall Esterbrook, Orleans, Neb. 
Juliet Finch, Logansport, Ind. 
•Katherine Foster, Palmyra, N. Y. 
•Mate Frash, 
Leota Fuqua. 
Nellie Gamble. 

Marguerite Gray, Chrisman, 111. 
•Emma Haywood, Romney, Ind. 
*Emma Hester, Greencastle, Ind. 
Maud Heston, Princeton, Ind. 
•Claudia Hill. Waynesburg, Ind. 
Sarah Hirt, Greencastle, Ind. 

•Ethel Jackson, Greencastle, Ind. 
Mamie Ada Jennings, Newcastle, Ind. 
Mary L. E. Jones, Terre Haute, Ind. 
Margaret Lathrope, Greensburg, Ind. 
Bessie Latimer, Auburndale. Mass. 
Marguerit-e^mith Lightfoot, Rushville, Ind. 
•Elizabeth Lockridge. Greencastle, Ind. 
•Maud Maley, Edinburg. Ind, 
Emma C. Miller, Greencastle, Ind. 
Lillian E- Moore, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Estella A. Morse. Wabash, Ind. 
Annie Bunger McCurdy, Ft. Wayne, Ind. 
Libbie Price Neff. Portland. Ind. 
Helen C. O'Dell. O'Dell, Ind. 
Rhoda Gary Offut. Henderson, Ind. 
•Lorctte Parker, Shelbyville. Ind. 
Grace Paul, Indianapolis, Ind. 
•Grace Power. Milrov, Ind. 
Kate Reed. Attica. Ind. 

. Alta M. Roberts, School St.. Indianapolis, Ind. 
Adeline Whitney Rowley, Champaign, 111. 
Cora Russell. Mound City. Mo. 
Anna Ryan. 


The Lyre. 

Lena Scott, Anderson, Ind, 

Pearl Shaw, Sardinia. Ind 

Edith Smith. Maryville. vfo. 

*01ive Stanfield, Chrisman, 111. 

Anna Vae Sterrit, Lofi^nsport, Ind. 

Olive Ferris Sype, 328 N. Main st, Rockford. 

Laura Taegert. Dallas, Texa.s. 

Rlla H. Thompson. Grecnsburg. Ind. 

Louise J. Ullyette, Centralia, 111. 

Flora T. VanDyke, Ashmore. 111. 

I^la Beil Weissel. Bluffton, Ind. 

Myrtle Wilder. Brazil. Ind. 

Dora Wilson. Goodland. Ind. 

Grace Aldene Wil.son. Centralia. 111. 

Jessie Heiney Windle. Huntington, Ind. 

Flora Yates. Stillwater. Minn. 

•Nelle Florence Zimmerman, Brazil, Ind. 

Feme Wood, Evansville, Ind. 

Minnie Shaffer, Windsor, 111. 
Anna Allen Smith, Greencastle, Ind. 
Katherine Power Smith. Moore's Hill, In.1. 
Ida B. Steele, Greenfield, Ind. 
Vallie VanSandt Steven.son, Carbon, Ind. 
Ill HthelSutherlin. 

Cora Tajfgert. Dallas, Texas. 
Florence Thompson. Mooresville, Ind. 
Myrtle Thornburg, Winchester, Ind. 
Josephine B. Tingley. Home.Chigo. Ill ^ 
Flora Tingley. Marion, Ind. 
Minnie McGill Warren. Watseka, 111. 
Pearl Waugh, Tipton. Ind. 
Suda W^est 

Mary E. wilhite. Danville. Ind. 
Daisy Steele Wilson, Greenfield, Ind. 
Mary Janet Wilson, (^reenca.stle, Ind. 


Minnie McKeard Al.len, 

Grace Armstrong. Forty Fort. Pa. 

Lida Austin. Jackson, Mich, 

Lina Baum, Albion. Mich. 

Louise Birchard, Canibridgeboro. Pa. 

Beatrice Bteckenridge, 2SS Krie St Clevel'd. O. 

Grace Brown, Lansing. Mich, 

Blanche Bundy. Chicago. 111. 

Marian Childs, Calumet. Mich. 

Mattie Reynolds Colbv. Jackson. Mich. 

Kmma Crittenden. Albion. Mich. 

Jeanette Allen Cushman, Vincennes. Ind. 

Eusebia Davidson, Port Huron. Mich. 

Ada Dickie, Albion, Mich. 

Jennie Dickinson. White Pigeon, Mich. 

Fannie Dissette, Nashville, Mich. 

Nina Eggleston, Marshall. Mich. 

Minnie Fairchild. Three Rivers. Mich. 

Jean VVhitcomb Fenn, Chicago. 111. 

Marian Howlett Garfield. Albion. Mkh. 

Alida Handy, W- Bay City. Mich. 

Hattie Ives. Chicago. 111. 

*Anna Leidy. Colon, Mich. 

Louise Love. Marshall. Mich. 

Hattie Lovejoy. Albion, Mich. 

Dorothy McClellan. Macomb, 111. 

Addie McHattie, Cedar Springs. Mich. 

Delia Morgan Maher. Minneapolis. Minn. 

Mav Miner. Union City, Mich 

'Margaret Mosher. Albion. Mich. 

Joshephine Parker, DePere. Wis. 

•Mary Ferine. Albion. Mich. 

Eva Pratt. Albion, Mich 

Hattie Reynolds. Jackson. Mich. 

Katherine Roode, Albion. Mich. 

Anna Scotten. Detroit. Mich. 

•Kathleen Sheehan, Lockport. N. Y. 

Minnie Lewis Spence. Oberlin. Ohio. 

Libbie Smith. Marshall. Mich. 

Effie Simpson, Nashville, Mich. 

Daisy Snell. 291 Mich. Ave. Chicago. 111. 

Bessie Tefft. Albion, Mich. 

Eva Marzolf Tiney. Coral. Mich. 

Cora Travis. Traverse City, Mich. 

Myrtle Wat.son. Cedar Springs, Mich. 

Winifred Welch. Homer Mich. 

Ora Woodworth. Albion. Mich. 

Jennie Worthiugton. Albion. Mich. 

Alta Mae .Vllen, Albion, Mich. 

Lillian Kirk Armstrong, Battle Creek. Mich. 

Elizabeth Avery, Phelps, N. Y. 

Ida Billinghurst, Muskegon, Mich. 

Katharine Brandon, Albion. Mich. 

Berta Brown. Plainwell. Mich. 

Gertrude Buck.'Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Ethel Calkins. Albion. Mich. 

Irene Clark, Albion, Mich 

Mabel Collins, Albion, Mich. 

Jessie M. Cushman. Three Rivers. Mich. 

•Elizabeth Cu.ster, Pana, 111. 

Clarissa Dickie, Albion. Mich. 

*Mamie Dickie. Albion, Mich. 

Grace Disbrow, Hudson, Mich. 

Blanche Bryant Dunbar, Parina, Mich. 

Kittie Eggleston, Marshall. Mich. 

Mabel Nix Fellows. Homer. Mich. 

•Mabel Foster. Albion, Mich, 

Flora Adgate Hall, Ionia, Mich. 

Cora Harrington. Jackson, Mich. 

Lulu Keller Laudig, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Belle Fiske Leonard, Albion, Mich. 

Nellie Valentine Lovejoy. Ludington, Mich. 

Gertrude Fairchild Lott, Three Rivers. Mich. 

(>eorgina Gale McClellan, Albion, Mich. 

Lucie McMasters, Ludington, Mich. 

Hortense Osmund Miller Ann Arbor, Mich. 

May .Mitchell. 314 2nd St.. Bay City, Mich. 

Clara Engle Noble, Missouri Valley. Iowa. 

•Susie Ferine. Albion. Mich. 

Emma Phelps. Cresco, Mich. 

Florence Defendorf Reynolds Dowagaic. Mieh. 

Daisy Rogers. Medina, Mich. 

c;ienna Schartz. Hastings. Mich. 

♦Clara Shatwell. Detroit. Mich. 

Pearl Frambes Shedd, Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Delia Sprague, Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Belle .Smith. Marshall. Mich. 

Hortense Esmond Miller, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Maud Snell. Elgin, III. 

Nellie Smith Thomas. SI. Clair. Mich. 

Helle Miller Towiisend. Champaign, HI. 

Cora Hliss Valentine, Lansing, Mich. 

Ro.He Abernalhy Whitcomb, Philadelphia. Pa. 

Florence Woodhaws, Plainwell, Mich. 

Mamie Harris Wolfe, Flint. Mich. 


Mrs.Chauncey Abbott. Schuyler, Neb. 
Minnie Beckett, Chicago, 111. 

Arta Mae Bellows, Maryville, Mo. 
Mrs. C. W. Brown, Appleton, Wis. 

The Lyre. 


Mr«. <*»eo. A. Cotr, Univ. Place. Bvanstou. 111. 

Mnt. H. Chester. Bowmaiivilie. III. 

Mrs. Grace c;amble, Omaha. Neb. 

Ressie Grant Hamline, St. Paul, Miuii. 

Kannie Grafton. Benson St. Hvanstou. 111. 

Kate Hathaway, Rochelle. 111. 

Mrs Joseph Hays. 628 Hamlin st, Kvaustou, III. 

Ethel Lilivblade. Woman's Hall. Hvanston, 111. 

Suzanne Blulford. 1634 Ch'o. Av. Hvanston, 111. 

Mildred Mclntire. Memphis. Tenn. 

Lulu Piatt. Clark. South Dakota 

Klla Parkinson, Woman's Hall, Hvanston. 111. 

.Mrs. C. W. Richie. Walla Walla. Washington. 

(irace Richardson. 117 Buena Av Buena P'rk III 

Barbara Strickler, Lanark. 111. 

Hlla F. Strong:, 463 State St. Waukef^an. 111. 

Irene Stevens. .saS Greenwood Boulo. Kv'.ston 111 

Gene Scott. McGrcgror. Iowa. 

Blanche Skiff, "The Plaza," Chicago, 111. 

Mar>' Walker. 

Maud Wiramer. Perry. Iowa. 

HI Fleda Coleman. lift Stanton st, Winopa. Minn 
Jeanette Hvans, St. Paul. Minn. 
Helen Gamble. Perry. Iowa. 
Alice Gramis. Mankato, Minn. 
( ordelia Hanson, Kenoska, Wis. 
Florence Harris, Sii Clark st, Hvanston, III. 
Agat^ha Kindale, Lenark. 111. 
Amy Martin, Ballaton. Minn. 
Athena McCorkle, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Mrs. C. W. Osgood, Marseilles. 111. 
Hlizabeth Patrick. DesMoines, Iowa. 
Cornelia Porter, Hvan.ston, 111. 
Pearl Reising. 

Adolyne Richardson. Oklahoma. 
Mrs. Harrison Schmidt, Mankato, Minn. 
Mary Stanford. 1513 Forest Av. Hvanstoo. III. 
Lillian Siller, 831 Forest Av. Hvanston, 111. 
Mabel Siller, K Ji Forest Av, Hvanston. 111. 
Valeria Tyre. Lebanon, Ind. 
Mrs. Henry S. Weller, Wirt st, Omaha, Neb. 
Klla S. Young, 1246 Forest A v. Hvanston,, 111. 


Faye Baniaby, Meadville, Pa. 

Hvalyn Bright, (ireenville. Pa. 

Lucile Blodgett. Youngsville, Pa. 

Bertha Cribbs. Hulings Hall. Meadville, Pa. 

Mrs. John Dick, Meadville, Pa. 

Sara Hvans. (>reenville. Pa. 

Carrie Gaston. Cochranton. Pa. 

Florence Harper, Meadville. Pa. 

Mrs. Hull. Meadville, Pa. 

Elsie Kiefer, Hulings Hall, Meadville. Pa. 

Mary Lord. Mead Wile, Pa. 

Mrs. C. C. Laffer, Meadville, Pa. 

Lois McMnllen, 180 Center Av. Aurora, 111. 

Hlizabeth McAlister, West Newton, Pa. 

Hdith Moore. Cochranton. Pa. 

Helen Nichols. Spring Creek, Pa. 

Jennie Ogden, Meadville. Pa. 

"•nsanna Porter, Meadville. Pa. 

Elizabeth Patton. Hartstown. Pa. 

Virginia Porter. South Oil City. Pa. 

Jene Robson. Ovid, Mich. 

Anna C. Ray. Meadville, Pa. 

Lillian Rea. Corydon, Iowa. 

Kffie I.,orena Sherred. Meadville. Pa. 

Mrs. Ernest Sciple. New Brighton. Pa. 

ZannieTate. Marseilles. 111. 

Hlizabeth Tyler, Meadville, Pa. 

Adelriine Wilson, Guy ^ijills. Pa. 

Mrs. M. I). Brown. Meadville, Pa. 

Francis Byres, Cooperstown, Pa. 

Katherine Baker, Spring Creek, Pa. 

Flora Eastman, Meadville. Pa. 

Lillian Cowan, Apollo. Pa. 

Helen Kdsall, Hlmira. N. Y. 

Lu Fair, South Oil City. Pa. 

Mary Graham. Meadville, Pa. 

Jennie Arzella Horn, Meadville, Pa. 

Ella Mae Jack. Apollo, Pa. 

Flora Eastman. Meadville, Pa. 

Ruby Hnielyn Krick. Conneantville. Pa. 

Ada Lenhart, Meadville, Pa. 

Maud Maxwell, Hulings Hall, Meadville, Pa. 

Alta Moyer, Meadville, Pa. 

Gertrude Ogden. Meadville, Pa. 

Helen Oris, Meadville. Pa, 

Flora O. Pendleton, Meadville. Pa. 

Fern Pickard, Jamestown. N. Y. 

Mrs. Chas. K. Rob.son. Detroit, Mich. 

Mrs. W. Robin.son, Erie. Pa. 

Edith Roddy. Meadville. Pa. 

Blanche Stephenson. Utica. Pa. 

Bertha Sac-ett, Meadville, Pa. 

Elizabeth Tate. Hoise City. Iowa. 

Ella May Tinker. Wabash, Ind. 

Mrs. F'. Winans, New Brighton. Pa. 


Armstrong, Mary. 
Ball, Mrs. Drummond, 
Ellis, Elsie Louise. 
Hvans. Anita Durand. 
Farnum, Emma Faye. 
I«aflin, Helen Marjraret. 
Sigourney, Belle Mauross 
Spencer, Irene. 
Wood, Jessie Belle. 

Buchanan, Bertha Thompson. 
Campbell. Florence W. 
Evans. Nellie Durand. 
Farel, Sade Marie. 
Johnson, Mary Wil.son, 
Remington, (iertrude Margaret. 
Snyder. Agnes. 
Vaiss. Eleanor Margaret. 

• Pledged. 
t Deceased. 

This list is as nearly correct as it could be made from our roll. 
Any information which can be turnished by a reader as to change of 
address will assist in making out future lists. 


ALPHA CHI OMEGA ||]|]||^^ 

Correct Shades as Endorsed by Alpha Chaptet 



F, G, Gilmore, + + •♦• + Grecncastle, Ind. 

R* Borne li Sullr Complete 
Wltlunt a lew »9T Model 

UfM«.laikM^M(lultar, Mudolln, 
ff HSIIDUrn Banjo or Zither. 

Prtca h«ve lnwn K3le<l dnwn ns « mull o( th« 

Prom $is-oa Upward. 

rn^a] depmrt- 




old o 


HYDE TREATISE ON THE VIOUN. new, imporUdi and inlereating. No one 


Starr Piano 


"Better than when First Bought." 

JOHN Marlatt, Esq., Port Huron, Mich., 
writes under date of May, 18, 18%: "We 
have had our Starr Piano atiout six years 
and it seems better than when first 
bought. It gives perfect satisfaction; for 
durability it has no equal, and for lone there is 
nothing in our neighborhood thai compares 
with it. They all say so. We have had our 
piano tuned twice since we bought it. It seems 
to be always In tune. I can reccomend the 
Starr Piano to anyone who wants a good 

Illuslrated Catalo^^aes and other Informalion Tree. 
{)\i Pianos and Organs taken in exchange. 
Prices and terms the most fa\orable. 

B^Starr Piano Co., 

DE PHUW ^i1 


I. eollege of Liberal Arts. 

II. Theology. 

HI, Military Science. 

IV. Music. 

V. Hrt. 

VI. ncademy. 

Sprinsi Tfl-lli Dt'S'ii/fi .March ,.-'-?. 

SfjfinS! Tcr/n KtnU Juin- !}■ 

For CalahiKU. arOthcr InforlDBlloii Wrll. to^^ 


: l^i, ^= GRBBNeASTLB, INO. 

f^'-i"?' ' 'F<»|y ■ ■' f •*' ^^^1pif72E, Ij^ 

Starr Piano 


"Better than when First Bought." 

JOHN Marlatt, Esq.. Port Huron, Mich., 
writes under date of May, 18. 1896: "We 
have had our Vparr Piano about six years 
and it seems better than when nrst 
bought. It ^ives perlect salisfaciion; for 
durability it has no equal, and for tone there is 
nothing in our neighborhood that compares 
with it. They all say so. We have had our 
piano tuned twice since we bought it. It seems 
to be always in tune. I can reccomend the 
Starr Piano to anyone who wants a good 

Illustralei Catalogues and other Information Tree. 
Old Pianos and Organs taken in extliange. 
Prices and terms the most favorable. 


B^Starr Piano Co., 


C;i?apt?r FJoll. 

Alpha DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana. 

Beta, Albion College, Albion, Michigan. 

Gamma .- . Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. 

Delta Alleghany College, Meadville, Pennsylvania. 

Epsilon, . University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. 
Zeta, New England Conservatory, Boston, Massachusetts. 

(Jep^ral Offie^rs. 

President, Mary Janet Wilson, Alpha. 

Secretary, Alta Mae Allen, Beta. 

Treasurer, Gertrude Ogden, Delta. 

C^orrespoQdip^ Secretaries. 

Alpha, Raeburu Cowger. 

Beta, Alta Mae Allen, 405 Erie St. 

Gamma, Lillian Siller, 831 Foster St. 

Delta, Edith Jeanette Roddy, Walnut St. 

Epsilon, Mrs. N. Louise VanCleve, 1014 W. 7th st. 

Zeta, Agnes E. Snyder, N. E. Conservatory. 


Fannie Bluom^elti-ZriBln% 

5B8 (EaM ©iniBion .51. 

Qlljicapo, DUinois. 

MiBB Neally Sfennis, 

Qlonrrrf ^ianiet. 

J^lamcfta County, 

Kwibi^ncc, j5an Tlorcnfo. 


Mauti Poraell, 


T&tm l^urh (City. 



Alpha Chi Omega* 

VOL IL JUNE 1897. NO 2. 

Bachf the Luther of Music 

In 1685, at Eisenach, Thuringia, — forever memorable for its asso- 
ciation with the life of Martin Luther — was born Johann Sebastian 
Bach — one of the greatest of the great Tone Poets. One of his pater- 
nal ancestors, it seems, was a Hungarian miller who played a lute, 
making melody to the music of his whirring, grinding wheels. He 
had two sons, one of whom, Hans, was apprenticed to the town piper, 
says one of my authorities. Hans, in his time and turn, walked with 
the god of music. He became the father of three sons, one of whom, 
Christoph, became the father of a boy to whom he gave the name, 
Johann Sebastian. The lute-playing instincts and tastes of old Hans, 
of the lute and the mill, developed in the second generation into or- 
gan-players; Johann Christoph, his grandson, becoming an organist 
and the father of four boys, all musicians. When Sebastian came to 
his greatest fame, there were thirty descendants of this original lute- 
player piping on organs throughout Thuringia, Pranconia and Sax- 
ony. A clannish family, meeting once a year, perpetuating the 
traditions of thef family, renewing interest in art. 

At ten years of age Johann Sebastian was left fatherless, but this 
death threw him upon the kindness of a brother, who, himself an 

4 The Lyre 

organist, gave him lessons in singing and clavichord playing. At 
once the genius inborn asserted itself, and, though he was not a 
prodigy like Mozart, he evinced a passion for learning and taste for 
the art of music. He starved for new studies, for more work, for new 
exercises. He pushed ahead of the work assigned him. It was too 
easy. He even abstracted, without permission, a book of musical 
compositions that had been refused him, copied selections and bent 
himself to the interpretation of the tempting scores. At fourteen he 
was thrust upon the world by the death of his brother-guardian. 
However, nature had endowed him with a rare soprano voice, and the 
death that seemed a disaster became an opportunity. Young Sebas- 
tian obtained a position as choir-master in Luneburg, studying music, 
literature, attending church at Hamburg, for the purpose of hearing 
Reinken's organ-playing. Then, alas, the beautiful voice changed 
and young Sebastian was without vocation, but he remained in 3t. 
Michaers school until he was eighteen years old and then entered the 
Duke of Saxe-Weimar*s court band as a violinist. In 1703 — this 
same year — he resigned his band-place and took the organ in a new 
Church at Amstadt. The emolument was slight, but the opportuni- 
ties for self -culture were great, and as the cash was not much of an 
item, though the lack of it seemed depressing. Bach devoted himself 
to his own improvement; having nothing else to do except follow 
the instincts that had come down to him along the currents of blood 
from the veins of his lute-playing ancestor. He pursued his own 
method, but it was good. He studied the works of the great composers. 
That seems simple, but there is an incessant temptation to study some- 
thing else. Bach was right. He studied the works of the great com- 
posers, day and night. He noted their styles; the difference of style; 
he learned what rules they observed; he analyzed, dissected, studied, 
studied, studied. As a result, his organ became the magnetic feature 
of the new church in Amstadt. "Have you heard Bach?" That 
was the question in Amstadt. He was the preacher! He led the 
worship! He was an independent person, too, although his income 
was small. He played too much in the church; his vacations were too 
long; the consistory found fault with him; he found fault with the 
consistory, and the emoluments went to another organist, and, as an 
opening occurred at Muhlhausen, by the opportune death of the organ- 

The Lyre 5 

ist at St. Blasius* church, Bach went there: then, in less than a year, 
to Weimar. For nine years he played the organ , then became leader 
of the Court orchestra and cdmposer of band music. 

Bach's fame had now spread beyond Weimar. His appointments 
were improved. He became chapel-master at Anhalt, under Prince Leo- 
pold. Abandoning this position, he sought the post of organist at St. 
Jacobskirche but failed to obtain it,. and by another opportune death, 
became organist at Leipzig — director of music at St. Thomas school. 
Here he remained for twenty-seven years, performing the manifold 
duties of his position, inspecting schools, teaching music, arrainging 
music for four churches, attending funerals, superintending the sing- 
ing of the chorals, keeping a stock of music and instruments, playing 
the grand organ in St. Thomas church. Drudgery, much of this, 
but all the while his noble soul \yas in the skies of the greatest tone- 
world. No one, I think, can look at his portrait, without having a 
sense of being in the presence of a most noble man — a big-souled man. 
He had a hot temper it is true, but it was discord or evil that aroused 
it. In his religion Bach was a zealous Lutheran, and not a so called 
*pretist,* as some have asserted. That religious atmosphere in which 
he grew up showed itself gloriously in his works, and in his life, too. 
He passed a quiet and secluded existence in his home in Germany, 
where he delved into the study of his Bible and its sacred truths; and 
satisfied with the faith into which he so deeply penetrated, he rose, 
and from time to time allowed his religious feelings to find vent in 
those grand inspirations in which "we find the glorification of Pro- 

Two hundred and thirty complete cantatas, three oratorios, The 
Passions, seven masses, twenty-one church services, four funeral can- 
tatas, eighteen cantatas for occasions, twenty-eight motets, forty- 
eight preludes and fugues, toccatas, six French suites, thirty-nine 
long works for organ, twenty-nine shorter pieces, six trios for organ, 
fifteen inventions, fifteen symphonies, six sonatas for 'cello, etc., etc. 

At a quarter past eight on the evening of the 28th of July, 1750, 
he died. "Two days afterward he was buried in St. John's churchyard, 
at Leipzig. No stone, no cross, marked his resting-place, and the 
world was told no more than that 'A man, aged sixty-five, Johann 
Sebastian Bach, Musical Director and Singing Master of St. Thomas's 

6 The Lyre 

School, was carried to his grave in the hearse.* ** So says Crowest 
in his *'The Great Tone Poets/' 

W. M. Deithick^in '^A Manual of Music," say$: *'In all Bach*s 
music there is not a tinge «f the sickly sentimental. It is as pure, 
refreshing and sweet as spring water; and no matter how dry and un- 
interesting one of his compositiotis may appear when heard for the 
first time, it is certain to becoQte niore and more pleasing at every 
subsequent hearing." 

Sir George Grove says: **Bac)i's importance for the history of 
music lies in the fact that, starting willl instrumental music, and 
adhering to the spirit of it, he developed all forms and species of com- 
position in an entirely new and independent manner. The old vocal 
style, whic(h was founded exclusively on polyphony, was exhausted. 
Bach created an entirely new vocal style based on instrumental 
principles, carried it to the summit of perfection and there left it." 

Gborge M. Hammell, 
Literary Editor Western Christian Advocate, 

The Lyre 7 

The Fraternity Idea inSdiool Life* 

The Fraternity and the Sorority which have been long established 
facts in the Liberal Arts departments of our American colleges and 
universities, and have more recently found their way into some of the 
professional schools — as the Law for instance — are coming even into 
the Fine Art domain. Within the last -ten or twelve years quite a 
number of chapters of several Greek letter organizations have been 
established in leading music schools both east and west. At first 
these were confined to such schools as are parts of a university — such 
as our own — but more recently have been extended to some of the 
best institutions that exist simply as conservatories of Pine Arts — as 
for example The New E^ig^nd Conservatory of Music, 

While to most persons the fraternity or the sorority addresses it- 
self mainly as a social institution, yjet it has in it more than that, both 
for the individual and for the body of which the individual is a part. 
In the social relation, while it has a tendency toward narrowing the 
bounds, at the same tiia^ there is the deepening of the lines. And 
the school life with it is somewhat different from what to the same in- 
dividual it would hav« been without it — different both in its relations 
and in its influence. It is one of those relations where the person 
who is inclined to be selfish has abundant opportunity to increase in 
selfishness outside the more or less restricted confines of his own or- 
ganization, and where, at the same time, the generous nature finds 
large opportunities for its exercise and growth both within its own 
numbers and in the outside relations. 

But the fraternal idea stops short of its full expression if it does 
not reveal itself for good in the work of its own numbers. This kind 
of a binding together gives an added strength, and it should be a 
strength that touches favorably the vital interests of school life. That 
fraternity that disregards the working record in school affairs of its 
own members is disf^egarding one of its own large opportunities for 
usefulness, while the one that insists upon and maintains a high 
scholastic record among its own numbers, is doing much toward jus- 
tifying its own existence even in the estimation of its adversaries. 
Organization carries with it strength — but this strength may be for 
good or for ill, according as it is directed and used. If it be used in 


8 The Lyre 

the better and larger way then it is well — but if against the final well 
being then beware of any such body or influence. A fraternity or 
sorority ought to keep in view its three-fold relations; to itself as an 
organization — seeing that the purposes of its existence are proper 
ones, and are well maintained; to its own members, being helpful to 
them in their own work, in their manhood or womanhood and in 
their relations both within and without their own body; then to the 
outside world — being more mindful than such bodies sometimes are 
lest in conserving the interests, or it may be only the pleasures, of 
this lesser but more intimate circle and relation, the wider relations 
be too little regarded, the general benefits too far lost sight of, and 
the call of the common brotherhood of man be too little heeded. A 
man or a woman, in these specially intimate relations among a few 
boon companions ought, if the relation be entirely healthful, to be- 
come better prepared thereby, for a keener discernment of needs, 
more helpful relations and broader activities, in the school work, in 
the personal life and the social contact. This the individual ought 
to expect, and this the organization ought to claim and exact. 


To Create! To Appreciate! 

To you, and not to me, are given 

Those subtler powers, that, like some strange insight. 

Reveal to you in music, all that life. 

Or death, or nature hath of inner light. 

*Tis yours, not mine, to reach the heights; 
Not mine to breathe a song from out the deep. 
But it is much to know that heights there are 
And comfort comes — to feel a song and weep. 


The Lyre 

^Life in Its Tonic and Dominant Phases*'* 

(By Elisabeth Patterson Sawyers, Mus. B., A. C. M.. Professor of Pianoforte and Harmony, 

DePauw Music School.) 

As a prelude to Kate Elizabeth Clark's story of '*The Dominant 
Seventh/* we find this sentiment from Schopenhauer: 

*'Our existence in life is a continued alternating of desires and 
gratifications. The will is forever wanting and it strives continually 
to gratify its wants. We really know but two states while in the 
body — the state of want and the state of satisfaction ; the conditions 
of desire and gratification. Analogous to this, music has but two 
leading chords from which all others are derived. These are the 
chord of the tonic and the dominant chord of the seventh. 

The first is the chord of rest and calmness, the second is a chord 
of unrest, of longing and striving. Music is a continued succession 
of these two chords and in this is represented our never ceasing de- 
sires as followed by gratification. Thus the composer reveals the in- 
most condition of our souls ; he speaks the greatest truth, and speaks 
it in a language which reason comprehends not, but a language 
which is understood alike by all men the world over. ' ' 

I^iszt cannot be considered a composer of great ability, but to 
him is due the invention of one massive instrumental form, that of 
the Symphonic Poem. The Symphonic Poem differs from the Sym- 
phony in that it is a musical drama in one act having many differ- 
ent scenes, moods, situations ; while the Symphony, though equally 
as varied in tonal tints, has three, four or five acts, called movements. 
A fitting analogy can be drawn between the Symphonic Poem and 
the greatest of all entities, the human life. There are two states of 
being, that of unrest, activity, existence, progression; and that of rest, 
relaxation, repose, cadence. All music is made up of the two dis- 
tinctive characteristics — Progression and Cadence — the dominant 
seventh and tonic influences. 

In the symphonic poem a picture of life is painted — each theme, 
each period, each phrase, each section, each motive, each chord, each 
note, each rest, bears inseparable relation to the whole. Likewise in 
life's Drama each ruler, every subject, each master, 
every vassal is responsible for his role, however great or menial that 
role may be. How we love to hear the rich full themes of a Sym- 

lo The Lyre 

phony as they speak to us ! Do we stop to consider the infinite num- 
ber of subdivisions which go to make up that theme ? Out of a chaotic 
mass of notes, rests, figures, sections, phrases, period groups, 
modulatory passages, cadence formulas, embellishments, the com- 
poser conceives and constructs a symmetrical, well balanced musical 
structure according to the laws of melody, harmony and form. 

"Form is contrast reduced to law." No well constructed musi- 
cal compositions exist which are not under inviolable musical laws. 
To be sure in very many instances great liberties are taken, but the 
underlying principles still remain. No well organized, well gov- 
erned life is capable of continuance unless subject to spiritual and 
natural laws. No existing thing is independent of environment, 
whether in intellectual, spiritual, physical, artistic, social or psy- 
chical spheres. No man has reached so high a plane of greatness 
but he can still see beyond and above him his superiors. 

All existing matter, whether animate or inanimate is dependent 
upon surrounding influences. There can be no great leader without 
his followers ; no atom exists but it is made up of lesser atoms. No 
thought comes to us unless it be the result of a series of other ideas. 
We see beautiful shades of color about us, but they are the mere 
blending of many colors. In the symphony we find no theme 
that is not dependent on its smaller sub-divisions for its own being. 
One can easily compare people whom one meets, with the various 
divisions of the Symphony. Do we not meet at times great noble 
personalities that stand out in the foreground of life's painted canvas 
with their awe-inspiring presence. They are veritable themes of 
life's Symphonic Poem. At times of religious or political crisis a 
mighty influence arises which saves the sign of the cross or the ship 
of state. Is this influence not a great transition or modulatory 
passage which leads men through uncertain dominant seventh move- 
ments to a climax of the restful tonic. 

Few lives are lived to their utmost. Not many of us are 
well modeled normal periods. Some lives are but a phrase, 
a section, a figure, a tone, a rest; others are the embellishments, 
the happy merry trill, the coquetish mordent, the airy fairy 
acciacatura. Yet, however large or however small our sphere, each 
has his peculiar significant position in the Symphony of the ages, 

The Lyre 1 1 

past, present and future. 

If we listen to a tone poem we find it to be a continual succession 
of anticipation and realization, progression and cadence — the Domi- 
nant seventh, the Tonic. The Dominant seventh is a chord contain- 
ing the dissonant interval of the seventh and therefore requires reso- 
lution. This resolution is naturally on the Tonic, otherwise decep- 
tive cadences occur. How frequently the Dominant seventh harmony 
of expectation and hope fills our lives and we long for the Tonic of 
their realization, when a foreign harmony enters and delays partially 
or entirely the resolution. Such are the deceptive cadences of life. 
Dissonances often enter life, the resolutions of which we are unable 
to trace. 

In our dominant moments we are striving for the goal of our am- 
bition. Without effort put forth to gain the heights of our ideals 
we can never hope for success. We experience pleasure in pursuit, 
and in the tonic of realization we find the consummation of our hope. 

**Were every hill a precious mine, 
And golden all the mountains; 
Were all the rivers fed with'wine 
By tireless fountains; 

Life would ravished of its zest, 
And shorn of its ambition. 
And sink into the dreamless rest 
Of inanition." 

Do purely Tonic moments ever enter life's turmoil, so pregnant 
with Dominant seventh influences? If so they are most brief in dura- 
tion. Life is one long organ point on the Dominant, the resolution of 
which will be the melting into the Tonic of Immortality. 

*'I have sought but I seek it vainly 

That one lost chord divine 
Which came from the soul of the organ 

And entered into mine. 

It may be that death, bright angel, 

Will speak in that chord again — 
It may be that only in heaven 

I will hear that grand Amen." 

1 2 The Lyre 

Some Practical Advice to Music Students. 

(A paper read before the pupils of the McReyuolds-Koehle Music School, Washinjfton. D. C 

March 17, 1H97.) 

When an American pupil presents himself to one of the masters 
in a foreign conservatory with whom he hopes to complete his musi- 
cal studies, he is generally surprised by a request for — well, not ex- 
actly a Beethoven Sonata or a Liszt Rhapsody — but for a scale and 
arpeggio. He is still more surprised when he finds that he can not 
even play them slowly to the satisfaction of this exacting master, and 
bitterly dissapointed when, at the end of the examination he is sent 
to an underteacher for six months, less or more, to get the stiffness 
out of his wrist, his hand pliant, and elacticity and independence into 
his fingers. In other words, he has to lay a solid foundation for 
a future technique before any of the masters care to bother with him. 
Professor Pruckner, of the Royal Conservatory, Stuttgart, Germany, 
told me once that the reason the American pupils were so much in dis- 
favor among the foreign masters was not because they were less tal- 
ented than other young people, but because their musical education 
was so superficial. He said this was the result of *'too much hurry," 
in America. *'The American teacher does not have time (with a 
shrug of his shoulder) to teach as he was taught over here. * ' 

Haste is inborn in the American nature, but, if he will master art, 
the student must overcome this evil at the beginning. Art requires not 
only talent but time, hard work and patience. As Lucy Lilliesays, 
*'The student whose music is considered worth a?iy thing is the student 
who works and feels and is patient." Let us therefore bring to our 
music study, first of all, patience. If you should wake up to the fact 
one of these days that your musical education has thus far been super- 
ficial, be thankful that you have waked up and be content and glad 
to go back to the beginning, if need be, and, under the supervision of 
some competent teacher, correct the bad habits and lay a solid foun- 
dation for future work. This will try your mettle, but keep the end 
in view and you will succeed. Be your own severest critic at all 
times and rest satisfied with nothing less than perfection in whatever 
you are doing, be it the simplest five finger exercise. 

As absolutely necessary for the beginner as for the advanced pupil 

The Lyre 13 

on every instrument is the competent, conscientious teacher, for with- 
out an able hand at the helm, hard work, time, and money are thrown 
away. In place of the steady advancement looked for, disgust usually 
follows the first burst of enthusiasm and after a few years the unsatis- 
factory work is either stopped or the pupil at last sent to a competent 
teacher to correct the bad habits of years, a very difficult and some- 
times impossible thing to do. I wish the well meaning but unknowing 
parents could only realize the harm that is done by thinking that 
**any kind of a teacher will do for a beginner." It is while the hand 
is forming that the most careful, painstaking work must be done on 
the part of a teacher. Indeed the best instruction is never more 
necessary than during the first lessons. The great pianist and teacher, 
Lebert, (founder together with Stark, of the Stuttgart Conservatory) 
says in regard to this matter; **If the fundamental principles of tech- 
nique are neglected from the very beginning, the future acquisition 
of a correct technique is almost impossible. By correct technique is 
meant the ability to elicit from the piano a beautiful, rich tone, 
whether forte or piano, a melodious legato and its opposite staccato, 
and finally as much execution as is required for the faultless render- 
ing of a work.*' 

Now, taking it for granted that we have secured a competent 
teacher, the first thing we turn our attention to is this acquisition of a 
beautiful tone, and this is within the reach of every pupil possessing a 
musical ear and having no physical defect in the hand. Great care 
must be taken from the beginning that the hand be held, not only to 
look well upon the piano, but so that each single finger may 
work freely and independently of the others, and thus be developed 
to its utmost. Modern technique demands this. 

It is only after the fingers have attained a certain independence 
that the attention can be given to that which stands highest in our 
art of music — expression; i. e., the art of interpreting or expressing 
the ideas of the composer in the piece to be played. To do this, close 
study must be given to the phrasing and the multitude of little signs 
relating to nuarices or shadings occurring throughout the piece of 
music under consideration. Possessing a beautiful, clear, full tone, 
producing the softest piano and strongest forte at will, having mas- 
tered the legato and staccato and being able to phrase understandingly , 

14 The Lyre 

we have only to feel what we play and the simplest of good music can 
now be rendered artistically and give enjoyment to any musician, no 
matter how highly educated he may be; while the piece whose difficul- 
ties are gone stumblingly and blunderingly through can only fill a 
musical person who is so unfortunate as to be a listener with con- 
tempt and disgust. Therefore, be content to play the simplest piece 
well and artistically, until the day arrives when you are able to ren- 
der the difficult one in the same manner. 

To excel on any instrument we should direct the principal part 
of our time and energy to the mastering of a particular one; know 
how to practice and then do it. I never consider any pupil **started/* 
no matter what the age may be nor the length of time he may have 
studied, until he realizes the importance of regular, systematic, con- 
scientious practice, for, as soon as he does this, the practice time 
becomes an ever growing source of pleasure, and advancement is 

Begin to practice early in the day while body and mind are fresh; 
an hour in the morning is worth two in the evening and should be 
chosen if possible. It is well to have a time set for practicing and to 
let nothing prevent you from keeping it regularly day after day. 
Another thing, do not forget to use the brain along with the fingers, 
or no matter how much time you spend at your instrument, that time 
is worse than lost. After a poor lesson one day a pupil said despond- 
ently, '*! don't see why I don't know this!" **Because you have not 
practiced," I suggested. "Not practiced! why, I have practiced 
three hours every day since the last lesson." "You may have spent 
the time at your instrument but you have not practiced,'' I insisted. 
Now we will practice a half hour and at the end of that time you. will 
know this page without a mistake. The young lady looked incredu- 
lous, but we commenced, taking it slowly; the hands at first separ- 
ately mastering each difficulty as it appeared and after half an hour 
the page was learned. 

As for the amount of time necessary to devote to practice — that 
depends so much upon the strength and talent of the pupil that no 
definite rule can be laid down, however, we can say that no one, not 
even children, can derive any benefit worth mentioning with less 
than one hour daily practice, Sunday excepted. Four hours of care- 

The Lyre 1 5 

^ — ■ 

ful. conscientious practice is expected of the artist pupil in European 
Conservatories, and one is earnestly advised on entering never to prac- 
tice more than one hour without resting mind and fingers. 

The only difference that should exist in the study of the artist 
pupil, one intending to devote his life to the study and profession ot 
music, and the amateur, to whom music only forms a part of his gen- 
eral education, should merely be in the amount of time devoted and 
and consequent advancement. Both need from the commence- 
the best instruction to be had, for, if it is worth while doing 
anything at all, it is worth while doing that thing welL There are 
several other things necessary to a musical education which I will 
have to pass over more or less hurridly this time. 

Beginning with their first year at school, children should be 
taught to sing at sight in order to train- the ear correctly. The 
study of harmony, or the elements of musical composition, should be 
taken up as soon as the pupil has mastered the scale, as he is then 
able to understand and enjoy it. My youngest pupils in this branch 
of music study, are three little girls and I wish all could see the 
beautiful work they have done during the past month. 
Ensemble playing cannot be recommended too highly as it 
improves the sense of rhythm and broadens the style of playing. 
After the pupil is sufficiently advanced, playing in public from time 
to time, especially in Pupils' Recitals, the pieces recently studied, is 
also of benefit, promoting self confidence. This should, however, by 
no means, be so often as to interrupt regular music study by taking 
too much valuable time for the preparation of pieces for this ob- 
ject. This would harm the pupil by retarding his progress. As the 
virtuoso or artiste of today is expected to play all solo pieces at pub- 
lic concerts from memory, this, too, must be cultivated at an early 
stage. Read musical books, study the lives and works of our great com- 
posers, and thereby get in touch with the wealth that they have be- 
queathed to us. In addition to the many excellent biographies the 
musical library of today contains, we find also music histories, aesthe- 
tical instruction, and the Music Catechisms on different subjects, by 
Riemann. For the children I heartily reconmeiid Lucy LilHe's 
** Music and Musicians'* and Amy Fay's "Music-study in Germany." 
This experience of an American girl studying with such celebrated 

1 6 The Lyre 

teachers and virtuosi as Liszt, KuUak, Tausig and Deppe, will be 
found fascinating to the older student looking forward to Germany 
as the Mecca ol his hopes. Above all, hear as much good music as 
you possibly can, for this cultivates your taste, and by good music I 
mean classical music, ' 

As to just what classical music is, there are some of the most cur- 
ious opinions extant. A new pupil once said to me: 'Classical 
music? Oh, that's a lot of tones strung together without any tune to 
them and very hard to play." Before the new pupil left she had 
learned to understand the great fundamental principal; ** melody is 
the most important element of music." Another new pupil once 
exclaimed aghast: *'The scale! I don't have to learn the scales, do 
I, when I just detest classical music?" 

Now what is classical music? In '* Music and Musicians" we 
find the following definition: "To be strictly classical, a com- 
position must be written according to the standard rules of art, and 
with a subject or theme worthy of the setting. It may be verj' sim- 
ple, it may have but slight elaboration, yet it must contain the ele- 
ments of true musical inspiration and of musical art before it is 
classical. The music need not be heavy or labored to be considered 
classical, as so many young people suppose. The airiest of Bach's 
gavottes, the most emotional of Beethoven's andantes, the most bril- 
liant of Mendelssohn's overtures — all of these are as purely classical 
as the most sublime symphonies or sonatas. To be classical is 
simply to be grammatical, and when you can bring to your music 
study the same sensitiveness and appreciation with which you regard 
the study of a language, you will find that you care only for what is 
best, or in other words, the classical." 

How ridiculous it would sound if we should declare that we can 
neither understand nor appreciate grammatical books, or again that 
a gaudy chromo is infinitely more pleasing lo our eye than the most 
beautiful painting that ever adorned a canvas. To appreciate good 
music, shun all that is flat, commonplace, insipid. Don't play it, 
don't listen to it, if you can help it. No young boy or girl whose 
mind is fed on dime novel literature will appreciate 
Dickens or Shakespeare. The masters have not forgotten the chil- 
dren among their greater works but have found time to leave an 

The Lyre 1 7 

abundance of charming little pieces whose simple melodies and har- 
monies are easily understood and enjoyed by the little folks. 

The greatest advantage of music study in Germany is the oppor- 
tunity to hear an abundance of good music beautifully rendered. All 
during the season the greatest oratorios, operas, symphonies and cele- 
brated artists follow one another in rapid succession. This, together 
with the hundreds of students about you, enthusiastically devoted to 
their art, creates a musical atmosphere which is, as yet, not to be 
equaled in the United States. However, our country is young, its people 
are music loving and what is not now may sometime be. The last 
few years have shown a marked improvement in the class of music 
presented to the public in our large cities. To the Theodore Thomas, 
Boston Symphony, Anton Seidl and Walter Damrosch orchestras we 
owe a heavy debt of gratitude for establishing such a high musical 
standard throughout our land. 

These things that I have mentioned bear directly upon practical 
music study, but as the time of the narrow-minded musician who 
understood nothing but music has passed away, we will see before 
closing what Lebert and Stark say of the importance of gefieral edu- 
catioft for the musician. "It is of great use, nay, in a certain degree, 
a, necessity to the disciple of art, to be well acquainted with the poet- 
ical literature as well as master works of the plastic arts. The abund- 
ance of the sublime and beautiful which the mind and the imagina- 
tion draw from that source and digest in their peculiar way will 
advance the poetical conception of musical works of art and be re- 
flected in an expressive style of playing, characterized by sound enthu- 
siasm. Indeed our greatest masters have towered far above their 
contemporaries in intellectual culture. At the present time a general 
cultivation of the mind is even the duty of every genuine artist, as 
music is more than ever enriched by^the influence of literature and 
the sister arts. ' ' *« 

As to the question whether it is necessary for a music student to 
study in a foreign conservatory, I would advise that every pupil of 
marked talent, expecting to make music his profession, who has the 
choice of a course of study in an American or German conservatory, 
choose the German conservatory. He will not only receive thor- 
ough instruction in music and have a musical atmosphere about him, 

1 8 The Lyre 

(that, too, at a decidedly less expense than in America), but will 
have in addition the inspiration which comes from studying in a land 
that has given to the world the greatest composers. He will also 
have the advantage of foreign travel, and of becoming acquainted with a 
new land and its people. The pupil should, if possible, have had several 
years of careful study, with someone who has studied abroad and knows 
what will be expected of him; and he must be prepared to stay at 
least two years. 

In conclusion let me say that I hope each one of us who 
loves his music may strive to become a faithful student. He will 
thereby be giving his mite toward making our own land a fitting 
home for music, the highest and noblest of all arts. 

Katharine H. McReynolds. 


The Lyre 19 

A Barnyard Epic» or Belinda and the Music School. 

(Ittspired by an incident which occurred in the University School of Music.) 

It was in the summer of ninety three, 

When money was tight and gone on a spree, 

And a windy city of the wooly west 

Was spreading herself like a hen on her nest, 

When Congress sat like misfit tailors 

Trying to make over their recent failures. 

And the fanner stood in the broiling sun 

Scolding and storming at what Congress had done, 

That old Simpkins, of Scraggsville, in the county of Posy 

Sat smoking his pipe, for the eve was rosy . 

He had taken off his shoes to spread his plantation ; 

And loudly expostulate on the prospect of rations ; 

Belitidy his daughter, with hair like the sun. 

Stood listening by, for the dishes were done, 

"DePauw*s out of the question and that music school. 

So go to your milk in* and don't be a fool, " 

The corn hain't worth huskin', the potatoes won't sell. 

And for the onion crop, tha' hain't even a smell. 

The quashes and pumpkins, they look like twins, 

And ain't no bigger than a parson's sius. 

So go to your milkin' and don*t be a fool, 

"DePauw's out of the question and that music school. " 

Belindy trudged in and took up her pail, 

For her not even a ghost of a wail, 

But there was a defiant toss to her little pug nose, 

And a determined swing to her every day clothes. 

She let down the bars with a bang and a shake 

The spirit she showed would make Moses quake. 

In Tarentelle rhythm with tempo rubato. 

With accelerando and semper staccato. 

The milking began with such unusual clatter 

Brownie turned 'round and asked "what's the matter ?" 

The answer she got set the creature to thinking 

Though her gently brown eyes never ceased in their blinking. 

Now the ancestors of this bovine were of Boston stock 

Who laid out the city and streets by the dock. 

She rolled her cud instead of r's, 

And spent many evenings looking at Mars 

Her tail, it moved in the Hogarth line 

For the "wherefore of this thusness'' she did constantly pine, 

She was fond of Belindy and her little pug nose. 

20 The Lyre 

And she liked the swing of her every day clothes, 

So she said to Belindy you're no fool, 

And you shall go to DePauw and the music school. 

I believe in the higher education of women 

And think it time to make a beginning, 

So keep on your milking and I'll do the rest. 

You'll soon be in DePauw in your Sunday best." 

Belindy no longer milked in tempo rubato, 

In accelerando and semper staccato, 

She changed the tempo to Barcarolle movement, 

And Brownie thought it a great improvement, 

Belindy had faith in this friend of her youth, 

She milked and she milked until, forsooth. 

When the dairy man came to settle the bill 

Old Simpkins declared, though against his will, 

"Belindy and brownie must have their way. 

There's no use arguin' what wimen say. 

Though the corn hain't worth huskin' and potatoes won't sell. 

And for the onion crop, there hain't even a smell. 

And the pumpkins and squashes do look like twins 

And 'aint no bigger than a parson's sins." 

Belindy went to that music school. 

They soon found out she was no fool; 

She now plays the Tarantelle on the piano 

And sometimes stops to eat a banana, 

There's a happy turn to her little pug nose, 

And a contented swing to her every day clothes. 

— C. D. ROWLEY, 


Not long since I heard an address given before an association of 
women, by a teacher of embroidery. I was somewhat startled to hear 
this emphatic statement: "Embroidery is the key to every thingV 
This recalled to my mind a conversation I had several years ago with 
the genial president of a musical in.stitution. He told me the follow- 
ing: The D. family in solemn conclave assembled, decided that 
Helen, the oldest daughter, should be sent to a music school for a full 
course of study. She must be given the best vocal instruction the 
school afforded. Her father insisted that she should have thorough 
instruction on the pianoforte so that there would be no difficulty about 

The Lyre 2 1 

playing her own accompaniments. "After I have gone to all the ex- 
pense of educating you in music," said her father, "I hope you will 
be able to play when asked without making endless excuses and vex- 
ing everybody with pure perversity." 

Helen hunted up her studies and sonatas that had gradually sunk 
to the bottom of the pile, and packed away the gay waltzes and so- 
called popular music that had occupied most of her time. It was 
always called for and insisted upon, so how could she help it? In 
company with her father, she went to the great city of X. At the 
music school they were received by the president with a cordiality 
that won Helen at once. He suggested the addition of Theory to her 
list of studies. He was happy to recommend Signor Torr}' for Piano, 
Signorena Topla for Voice and Miss Grant for Theory. He was sure 
these teachers would do for her all she could desire: 

They were conducted to a palatial little parlor where they were 
introduced to Signor Torry. He said: **I am delighted to meet a 
young lady with so many musical ambitions. But, my dear young 
lady, the piano is the instrument of the world, and it requires much 
time to learn how to play it. I would suggest that you leave the cul- 
tivation of the voice until after you have completed the course in 
piano. Then you will be free to study other things as much as you 
like." Mr. D. said: *'We really care more for the cultivation of 
my daughter's voice than for the piano playing." We hope, how- 
ever, that she v/\\\ play with some skill. '* "Yes, yes!" answered the 
professor. ^What does singing amount to without the accompani- 
ment? And what is an accompaniment poorly played? Whole per- 
formance ruined! My dear sir, the correct study of the piano takes 
all the time. If your daughter wishes to excel in it, everything else 
must be given up!" 

They called upon the voice teacher. He said: "I am happy 
to meet so talented a pupil. But, my dear girl, the voice is the 
grafidest organ that man was ever called upon to cultivate, and to do 
it justice you must give it your entire attention. You must not fatigue 
yourself with other work." "But the accompaniments?" faltered 
Helen, remembering the home consultation and the piano teacher's 
remarks. "Oh! how easy to have some one play for you! There are 
plenty to play. After you finish the course you can have much time 

22 The Lyre 

to play the piano. * ' With doubtful thoughts they proceeded to the 
rooms of Miss Grant. She smiled upon them and said: ** You are 
fortunate to have so many talents to improve, but I am sure you are 
undertaking too much. I am sure you must give up something. But 
you cannot do without Theory. It is the basis of all music, and the 
study of music without theory is like building a house without a foun- 
dation. In taking so much work, I am afraid you do not realize how 
much time and strength will be required. You must consider your 

Perplexed and disheartened, they called on the president again. 
Helen declared: **I do not know what to do, now. What can I 
do?** The president laughed heartily. *'Pay no attention to any of 
them,** said he. *'My teachers are all specialists and they think the 
world was made to play in, or to sing in, as the case may be, and they 
counsel accordingly. Study what you wish but do not take too much. 
As Miss Grant says, you must consider your health.** 

Thus, in starting out upon our voyage into the realm of music, so 
many conflicting directions are given as to the proper course by which 
we may reach the goal, that we are well-nigh discouraged at the out- 

The amount of time required for high developement in any one 
branch seems to exclude many important subjects. We find a ten- 
dency to consider the one subject in which we are especially inter- 
ested as of the utmost importance. Yet there is a growing demand 
for a broad general education. The work that will stand longest is 
that which is built upon a broad foundation. 





Published quarterly by Alpba Chapter, Banner Times office, Greencastle, Ind. 
Subscription. 50 cts. per year. Sinji^le copies, 15 cts. 
4V ADVBRTISING RATBS — Pull page, fio.oo; half page. f6.oo; quarter pafre* l3<». 
All material for the next number must be in by September ist. 

Mary Janet Wilson, Editor in Chief. 
vol.. II. GRBKNCASTLB, IND., JUNE 1897. NO. 2. 


The editors again extend greetings to the readers of **The Lyre.'* 
We are glad to say that since our last issue the circulation has been 
increased and our enterprise has been prosperous in every respect. 
We hope through the energy of our subscribers new names will be 
sent in during the summer. Care should be taken to notify us of 
change of address. If any subscriber has failed to receive the first 
number it will be sent on application. 

The September number of the journal will be an historical edi- 
tion. Each chapter is requested to contribute a concise well written 
history of its organization and work. Chapter letters will not be re- 
quired but may be sent by any who wish to. 

It is hoped that each chapter will strive to do its best in prepar- 
ing material for **The Lyre." It requires time and thought to fur- 
nish even a good letter. A high standard should be established and 
all careless hasty work excluded from its pages. It is only thus that 
we can make our journal worthy of a place in the multitude of good, 
modem publications. We extend thanks to Mr. Hammell, of the 
Western Christian Advocate, Dean Mansfield « of the DePauw Uni- 
versity Music School, and others who have so kindly contributed 
articles. Such assistance is invaluable and is heartily appreciated by 
Alpha Chi. 

24 The Lyre 

Convention Notes. 

On Monday, March 27, 1896, the delegates from the several chap- 
ters of Alpha Chi Omega began to arrive at Greencastle for the sev- 
enth National Convention. These delegates were, Misses Alta Mae 
Allen and Ada Dickie (Beta) Albion, Mich.; Miss Mabel Siller 
(Gamma) Evanston, 111.; Miss Susanna Porter (Delta) Mead vi lie, 
Pa.; Misses Helen C. O'Dell and Mildred Rutledge, of Alpha. We 
regretted very much the illness which made it impossible for Miss 
Cornelia Keep, of Epsilon chapter of California State University, Los 
Angeles, Cal., to be present. Zeta chapter. New England Conser- 
vatory of Music, was not represented. Mrs. Cushmann, of Vin- 
cennes, Ind., and Miss Cushman, now of Lake Forest, two members 
of Beta chapter, showed their love for and loyalty to Alpha Chi 
Omega by lending us their presence and aid during the convention. 

The first meeting was held Tuesday, March 30, 3 p. m., for the 
purpose of effecting an organization, arranging the program for the 
convention, and giving the local chapter and visitors an opportunity 
to become acquainted with one another before the routine of conven- 
tion business should begin. It being impossible for Miss Janet Wil- 
son, our Grand President to attend at the session owing to her duties 
in the Music School, Mrs. Cushman was elected President of the con- 

A total of five business meetings was held, which were taken 
up with the usual convention business. Not a little time was devoted 
to our new fraternity quarterly, **The Lyre." The work in starting 
this, collecting material, obtaining subscriptions and advertisements 
has been enormous and Alpha chapter is to be congratulated on her 
success in this work. As yet only two numbers have been issued but 
it bids fair to hold a high place among the fraternity publications and 
reflect honor and credit upon Alpha Chi Omega. Alpha could not 
have done this without the hearty co-operation and assistance which 
she has received from the other chapters and outside friends of the fra- 
ternity. Through the efforts of Delta an Alpha Chi register has been 
placed at Chatauqua. This will make it an easy matter for Alpha 
Chis to find one another at this assembly and form friendships which 

The Lyre 25 

will unite the various chapters of the fraternity in a closer bond. 

While the day was spent in serious labor and thought for the 
best interests of Alpha Chi the evenings were spent in some social 
pleasure which relieved the tension of the day. 

Tuesday evening the Lorelei Club of the Music School rendered 
Reinecke*s Cantata "The Enchanted Swans. '* A number of the 
solos were taken by Alpha Chis. Miss Adeline Rowley, '95, now 
teacher at Illinois State University, and Miss Estelle Morse, Wabash, 
Ind. , having returned for this purpose. 

Wednesday at 4 p. m. a recital was given in the assem- 
bly room of Music Hall by the delegates. (See program below.) 

Wednesday evening about four hundred assembled in the parlors of 

Ladies* Hall to meet the delegates and visitors. The parlors and re- 
ception rooms were profusely decorated with the fraternity flowers 
which were also given as favors. Dainty refreshments were served 
and fine music was discoursed until a late hour. Altogether it was 
an evening to be remembered by both guests and hostesses. 

The banquet of the convention was considered by all the event 
of the week. About six o*clock we met prepared with wraps for a 
ride. After a drive of nearly seven miles through wild and pictur- 
esque country we reached our destination, a quaint old-fashioned 
house, formerly an old half-way house on the stage road. After the 
feast had been consumed mid much pleasantry and repartee the follow- 
ing toasts were responded to, Miss Lucy Andrews being toastmis- 

Alpha Chi, ..... Miss Cornelia Keep (Epsilon) 

Greekdom, - .... Miss Mabel Siller (Gamma) 

Alumnae, - .... Miss Feme Wood (Alpha) 

Primo uomo, . - - - Miss Susanna Porter ( Delta j 

And there are others. - - ... Miss Ada Dickie (Beta) 

We then adjourned to another room where before a blazing log 
fire in an old-fashioned fire place we related stories, sang fraternity 
songs, and enjoyed ourselves thoroughly. As the time came when 
we had to think of starting home we felt that we had come closer to 
our delegates than we had before. After a long business session 
Friday morning the convention closed, 

One of the pleasant things connected with the convention was 

26 The Lyre 

the kindness and hearty cordiality of the other fraternities toward us. 
Kappa Alpha Theta gave us a charming reception Thursday after- 
noon from three till five. Wednesday evening Kappa Kappa Gamma 
remembered us with a large bunch of beautiful carnations tied with 
their ribbons. 

To judge the success of the convention by the amount of busi- 
ness transacted would be unjust. The meeting of representatives of 
the various chapters draws us into closer union and gives us a clearer 
insight into the purpose and benefits of the fraternity. It means so 
much more to us and gives us such an inspiration for future work. 
All who were so fortunate as to attend this convention will eagerly look 
forward to our meeting with Beta in '98. 



Souate op, 26, First Movement "Beethoven 

Air de Ballet Chamtnade 

Miss Keep (Kpsilou) 

Valse Caprice Chaminade 

Miss Allen (Beta) 

Aria — '^Ernanl involami" (Hrnani) Verdi 

Miss Osburn (Alpha) 

"Norwegfian Peasant Dance" Haberbier 

Miss Miller (Alpha) 

Cavatina (violin) Bohm 

Miss Andrews (Alpha) 

Polonaise in A flat Chopin 

Miss Birch (Alpha) 

Adelaide Beethoven 

Miss O'Dell (Alpha) 

Hungarian Rbapsodie, No. 2 Ltset 

Miss Porter (Delta) 

The Lyre 27 

Chapter Personals* 


Marion Colbum studied in Chicago this winter. 
Myrtle Wilder is teaching at her home in Brazil, Ind. 

Raebui"n Cowger will spend the summer in Helena, Montana. 

Adeline Rowley has resigned her position in Champaign Univer- 

Josephine Tingley is now in Toronto, Canada, in the Deaconess 

Nell Zimmerman was married in Brazil on May nth to Mr. Har- 
ley Harper. 

Pearl Shaw returned to her home in Sardinia to take charge of 
her summer class in pianoforte. 

Katherine Foster, a pledged member of Alpha, is teaching in a 
private school in Burlington, Vt. 

Maud Biddle has been studying in Indianapolis and will remain 
there during the coming summer. 

Jessie Fox has been elected one of the piano teachers in Cham- 
paign University for the coming year. 

Louise Ullyette was obliged to return to her home in Centralia, 
111., on account of the illness of her father. 


Miss Eva Pratt is studying art in a normal school in Boston. 

Miss Cora Travis spent the winter in North Carolina for her 

Miss Mable Butler is not in school this term but will be with us 
again next year. 

Miss Ida Billinghurst is attending school at National Park Sem- 
inary, Forest Glen, Md. 

Mrs. Mabel Nix Fellows, '96, has returned to her home in Homer, 

28 The Lyre 

Mich. , after an extended trip south. 

Miss Fannie Dissette, '95, who taught music in Nashville, Mich,, 
during the last year, has returned to Albion. 

Miss Louise Lane, '96, has the position of Probate Register in 
the office of her father. Judge Lane, of Marshall, Mich. 

Beta has had one marriage this spring, that of Miss Harriet Love- 
joy to Mr. Claire Gulick. Mr. and Mrs. Gulick live in Albion. 

Miss Dorothy McClellan was obliged to leave college this spring 
on account of the illness of her mother. We hope, however, to have 
her back next year. 

Miss Lucie McMaster, Conservatory, ,96, has returned to Albion 
and will graduate with the college class of '98. She is also taking 
post-graduate work in the Conservatory. 

Mrs. Martha Reynolds- Colby, who is at the head of the violin 
department of the Conservatory, is engaged to play next summer at 
the Epworth League Assembly, Ludington, Mich. 

Through some mistake no mention was made in the last **Lyre** 
of the marriage of Miss Cora Bliss to Mr. Charles Valentine, which 
occurred last year. Mr. and Mrs. Valentine reside in Lansing, Mich. 


Suzanne Mulford is attending a business college in Chicago. 

Mrs. Carrie Woods Abbott was visiting in this city last week. 

Miss Cordelia Hanson entered school again for the spring term. 

Miss Mary Stanford has moved from Forest Avenue to 1888 Chi- 
cago Avenue. 

Miss Ethel Lillyblade expects to give her graduation recital in 
about two weeks. 

Mrs. Bessie Grant Larson, '94, is spending the winter and spring 
with her mother in Hamline, Minn. 

Miss Ella Parkinson (contralto) assisted in the graduation recital 
given by Miss Jackson, Tuesday, May nth. 

Mrs. Ester Grannis Schmitt is the leading soprano in Mankato, 

The Lyre 29 

Minn., and sings in the First Presbyterian Church. 

Mrs. Bdith Jordan Hayes and her husband are boarding in Bvan- 
ston for the summer, and intend to build in the fall. 

Mrs. Janet Evans Maxwell is living in Marinette, Wis., where 
her husband is principal of one of the public schools. 

Arta Bellows has decided to accept a re-election as head of an 
Oratory and Music Department in a suburb of Chicago. 

El Fleda Coleman is now in Winona, Minn., where she is meet- 
ing with g^eat success as teacher of vocal and instrumental music. 

Miss Alice Grannis, post graduate of Cumnock School of Ora- 
tory, took part in a play given by the oratory students Tuesday, 
May 4th. 

Mary Stanford has a large and promising class at Racine, Wis. , 
and sings in the First Baptist Church, in addition to her work in 

Alice Grannis has finished her graduate work in the Cumnock 
School of Oratory. She expects to teach in the fall in Dubuque, la. , 
and will read at Dubuque this summer. 

Miss Zannie Patton Tate, of Delta chapter, has studios of music 
and art in Marseilles and Ottawa, 111., and is doing most excellent 
work. She gave a recital in Marseilles Monday evening, Feb. 22. 
Miss Tate has been studying during the past year under Emil Lieb- - 


Miss Ruby Krick visited Meadville friends recently. 

Miss Virginia Porter is teaching elocution in Toronto, Canada. 

Miss May Graham was in New York City for a short time in 

Miss Lucile Blodgett is still in New York City studying voice 
with Mrs. Morris. 

Mrs. Harriet Robson, with her little daughter, is visiting her 
parents on South Park Ave. 

Miss Fay Barnaby gave a large reception iu honor of her friend. 


30 The Lyre 

Miss Vaughn, Friday, April 7th. 

We have two new girls this term. Miss Jessie Merchant, Parker's 
Landing, Pa. , and Grace Hammond, Meadville. 

Miss Anna Ray returned recently from New York City, where 
she had been studying voice with Miss Skinner and enjoying the 
opera season. 

Miss Helen Edsall expects to sail for Berlin, in October, where 
she will spend the year in study. She will be missed by her many 
friends in Meadville. 

There are five Alpha Chis in this year's class, Flora Pendleton, 
(post-graduate) Suzanne Porter, Maud Maxwell, Frances Byers, 
(piano) and Edith Roddy, (voice). 

Miss Bertha Cribbs has just closed a very successful year's work 
in Physical Culture. She has charge of the classes of Allegheny Col- 
lege. Her exhibition was enjoyed by a large number of friends. 


Ora Willard is again with us. We rejoice. 

Jessie Davis has contributed two songs for Epsilon. 

Lulu Johns is making her mark in musical circles in Germany. 

Nellie Burton and Margaret Cook are doing excellent work in 

Ina Gothard is first cornetist in the Woman's Orchestra of Los 

Etha Kepner has been forced to discontinue her work on account 
of illness. 

Nellie Green is assisting Miss Maud Willis, Dean of the School 
of Oratory. 

Delia Hoppin and Suanna Hardwick graduate next month with 
high honors. 

Cornelia Keep is much improved in health and is again in her 
accustomed place at Frat. meeting. 

Cards are out announcing the marriage of Miss Flora Parker to 

The Lyre 3 1 

Dr. Snav^ely, a prominent dentist of Los Angeles. 

We note with pleasure that John S. VanCleve who wrote an 
article for the March *'Lyre" is a cousin of our sister Mrs. N. Louise 


Miss Mary Patterson and Miss Elsie Ellis are two of the artiste 
graduates in pianoforte of '97. 

One of our members, Miss Susan Lewis, of Providence, R. I., a 
graduate of '96, recently became Mrs. Drummond Ball, of Boston. 

Miss Belle Sigourney, one of the artiste violin graduates of '96, 
won in open contest the Yale scholarship early in this school year. 

Miss Irene Spencer recently returned to her home in White Sul- 
phur Springs, Virginia, to prepare for her marriage which will take 
place in the early fall. 

The announcement has been made in the Milwaukee papers of 
the engagement of Miss Helen Laflin to Mr. Fred Bradford, both of 
that city. Miss Laflin studied here during the year *95-'96. 

The Misses Evans of Tennessee, formerly students here, whose 
father, H. Clay Evans, recently received the appointment of Commis- 
sioner of Pensions of the United States, will honor their sisters soon 
with a visit to the Conservatory. 

Miss Alice Mandelick, Miss R. Davis and Miss Rennyson, pupils 
of M. de Trabadelo, scored a great success at a recent concert given 
at the American Club for Ladies. The Feux de la Rampe, a paper 
devoted to the stage and music, speaks in flattering terms of the 
young women who come from the States. — From the March Parisian. 

Miss Mary Johnson and Miss Eleanor Vass, students here during 
the session '95-'96, sail for Genoa by way of Gibralter this month, 
under the chaperonage of Miss Johnson's father. They expect to 
travel over the continent visiting all the places of interest, and will 
probably not return until September. They anticipate, with much 
pleasure, seeing their sister (in Alpha Chi) Miss Gertrude Rennyson 
who is studying in Paris, and who, it will be remembered, had the 
honor of being one of the representatives for Zeta Chapter at the con- 
vention held in Meadville last year. 

32 The Lyre 

Chapter Letters* 


Two months have nearly passed since the seventh national con- 
vention of Alpha Chi Omega was held with Alpha at Greencastle, 
Ind. But many months will elapse before the remembrance of those 
pleasant days will pass away. Pleasant to us because of the oppor- 
tunity it afforded us to meet the representatives from the other chap- 
ters. We feel that we have been brought into closer contact with the 
other chapters and that we have more of the sisterly feeling toward 

Since the convention Alpha has been very busy. Miss Feme 
Wood in addition to her voice and piano work in Music School has 
full work in College of Liberal Arts. She will graduate this year 
with the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy. Five of our members 
have given recitals, Miss Helen O'Dell, Senior, vocal, Misses Helen 
Herr, Mildred Rutledge, and Bertta Miller, Junior, in Pianoforte, 
Miss Eva Osburn, Junior, Vocal, and Miss Lucy Andrews, Junior, 
Violin. They were all well executed and have proved that Alpha 
Chi works with a purpose. 

Monday evening, June 7th, occurs the annual Musical Festival 
in which the Lorelei and Glee clubs and orchestra take an important 
part. Alpha Chi is well represented as almost all of our girls are 
members of the Lorelei and two are in the orchestra. 

One of our most enjoyable evenings recently was spent in dis- 
cussing a cake and box of chocolates sent us by Miss Siller, who was 
Gamma's delegate to the convention. They were appreciated as such 
things can be by girls who are absent from home. We were delighted 
beyond expression to receive a photograph and letter from Mme. 
Bloomfield-Zeisler. Such interest in our artist members is very en- 
couraging indeed. 



We are very glad that, through our journal, we are again able to 
send greetings to Alpha Chi. Our girls were more than pleased with 

The Lyre 33 

the first number of the **Lyre" and we feel that it is truly to fill a 
long felt need and bring the chapters into closer touch than ever before. 
Since our last letter four new names have been added to our chap- 
ter roll and we take pleasure in introducing our new sisters, Ethel 
Kinsman, of Calumet; Mabel Butler, of North Branch; Anna Leidy, 
of Colon, and Nellie Baum, of Albion. The last two had shown 
themselves true as pledged members, and all are proving worthy Al- 
pha Chis. We are also proud of our new **pledgling,** Florence 

This has been a busy term for Beta Chapter. We have however 
enjoyed a mixture of hard work and jolly good times. April 28th we 
gave a concert, the program of which we send for the "Lyre.'* None 
but Alpha Chis took part and the concert was a grand success, both 
musically and financially. The decorations for the evening, which 
were of rare beauty, were furnished by eight loyal "Alpha Chi boys." 
In return for this kindness a six o'clock tea was given May 7th, in 
their honor. 

We have been glad to welcome during the term Mrs. Lulu Kel- 
ler- Laudig, Miss May Miner and Miss Hattie Reynolds. On the 
evening of April 16 we were delightfully entertained by Mrs. 
Charles Knickerbocker, in honor of her sister, Mrs. Laudig. 
Musical rebuses were the special entertainment of the evening, 
which was most enjoyable. 

May 14 occurred our annual horn contest, an event of great sig- 
nificance in Albion College, inasmuch as the successful contestant 
wins the "Horn" for his class for the ensuing year. Much class and 
college enthusiasm was generated and the day was enjoyed by all. 
May 18 we entertained our mothers and pledged members in the 
lodge. An artistic tea was served and the evening was one of pleasure. 

Albion takes pride in the fact that we are to have a Musical Fes- 
tival June 7th to 9th, inclusive. Great preparations have been made 
and with such artists as Corinne Moore-Lawson, Godowsky, McKin- 
ley, and Breckenridge. We feel confident that our Conservatory will 
be greatly helped. 

Four of our girls graduate this year, three in the conservatory 
and one in college. Two Alpha Chi recitals have been given and a 

34 . ^^ AT''^ 

third is in preparation. At present we are planning for a chapter 
reunion which occurs June )8 and 19. We look forward to the time 
with glad anticipation and hope to have many of our old alumnae with 
us. We would also welcome, oh so gladly, Alpha Chis from other 

Beta's representatives who attended the convention atGreencas- 
tle, will ever hold it in fond remembrance. We feel that much was 
done for the advancement and upbuilding of Alpha Chi Omega, and 
we could surely ask for nothing better. 

With best wishes from Beta, alta mae AI.1.EN. 



The great event of the year for the School of Music was the 
dedication of the new Music Hall. The services were opened Mon- 
day, April 26, by a chorus with soloists and orchestra. A reception 
was held in the afternoon. On Thursday a recital of chamber music 
was given, and the next day there was a student's recital in which 
several of our girls took part. 

The new building has two stories and a basement. The latter 
is fitted up for a gymnasium. On the first floor are practice and re- 
ception rooms. There are practice rooms, also, on the third floor, 
and the auditorium which seats about three hundred. A number of 
our girls are members of the Evanston Musical Club. At the last 
concert the club gave Haydn's "Creation," which was a brilliant 

We have been entertained this term at the home of Stella 
Chamblin with a "spread," which was one of the most enjoyable 
events of the year. We had an informal musical program. We 
were also entertained by Irene Stevens, a Schubert program occupied 
the evening. Miss Stanford and her brother, who is a member of 
Delta Upsilon, entertained the Alpha Chi'san^i Delta U's delightfully 
at the first of the term. We are planning for other musicale and 
social events this terra. With best wishes from Gamma, 


Cor. Sccy. 

The Lyre 35 


Meadville, Penn, May ly, 'gj, 

'*Gloomy winter's now awa* 
Soft the Westlin breezes blaw." 

And not only that but summer is almost upon us. Yet we school 
fi^irls cannot feel that summer is really here until vacation comes, and 
all our cares with Bach, Mozart, Czerny, or whatever it may be, are 
packed away until fall. So we "linger in the lap of spring** working 
diligently and still having some of those merry times which we in onr 
happiness think never could be had by any but fraternity girls; and 
never were had by any but those who wear the scarlet and olive. 

Since Delta last greeted her sisters she has initiated three girls, 
Jennie McMasters, Jessie Merchant and Grace Hammond. Three 
new sisters! Three new loyal Alpha Chis! 

This winter we had the pleasure of entertaining two members of 
Beta Chapter, Miss Beatrice Breckenridge and Miss Louise Birchard. 
Though their visit was a brief one we enjoyed having them with us. 

If you had entered Delta*s fraternity rooms one night this winter 
you would have thought she was having an initiation such as was 
never before had by Alpha Chis; or that all the ghosts that ever were 
supposed to be * 'doomed for a certain term to walk the night" had 
sought refuge there. But weird as the spectacle appeared it was 
neither of these but simply a Phantom Party. In response to an in- 
vitation from Alpha Chi, Kappa Kappa Gamma and Kappa Alpha 
Theta had assembled at a sheet and pillow-case masquerade, which 
accounted for the apparitions on that evening. The guests were 
numbered and all had an interesting time trying to identify each 

Recently we held our annual banquet — one in which all the girl 
fraternities join for a merry time. We made a new departure this 
year, having the spread at 6:30 P. M., thus giving the fifty-two girls 
a long evening for social enjoyment. 

Delta is looking eagerly forward to that day of days in school 
life — the culmination of our hopes — graduation day. We are all in- 
terested either personally or for our friends, for Alpha Chi has four 

36 The Lyre 

graduates and one post-graduate this year. There is a little sadness 
about it too, for several of the girls leave us for other work; but we 
hope still to keep up our interest in each other and in Alpha Chi. 

Yours in the bond, edith jeanette roddv. 


Los Angeles, Cal., May loth, '97. 
Greetings: From Epsilon to our Sisters of the East: — 

*'The Lyre," of which we all may feel justly proud, has reached 
us, and as we read its columns and are brought in touch with our sis- 
ters beyond the snowy Sierras, we are filled with inspiration and en- 
thusiasm, and a longing to win fresh laurels for our beloved sorority. 

We western girls have felt lonely at times during the past year, 
realizing that we were so far from you of the East, but now, with 
copies of **The Lyre" scattered about our cozy apartments we feel 
bound by a closer tie. We most earnestly do endorse the sentiments 
of the editorials and stand ready to heartily co-operate in any under- 
taking for the benefit of Alpha Chi Omega. 

Since our last letter we have initiated five new members. Suanna 
Hardwick, of Erie, Pa., Jessie S. Davis, Ina Cyothard, Margaret 
Cook and Nellie Burton, of Los Angeles — all bright and attractive 
girls. Since then we have had many gay times, but in our merry 
making have not forgotten or neglected our work. Each week we 
have met and studied the life and works of some noted composer, and 
all feel that we have spent a pleasant and profitable year. 

Early in March the girls were entertained at a delightful luncheon 
at the home of Mrs. N. Louise VauCleve. Two weeks later, we gave 
a reception at the home or Dean and Mrs. Bacon in honor of our new 
members, and by all it was voted very enjoyable. A month ago we 
gave a tally-ho ride to our gentlemen friends and partook of an al 
fresco luncheon at the picturesque "Old San Gabriel Mission." 
May ist the same party was entertained at the home of Jessie 
Davis at a May Day Musicale which was both unique and pleasing. 

Miss Neally Stevens was warmly received by Los Angeles peo- 
ple. Some of our girls had the pleasure of meeting her and of hear- 
ing her play. We regret that the letter telling us that Mme. Bloom- 

The Lyre 37 

field Zeisler is an Alpha Chi did not reach us until after her de- 
parture from Los Angeles. 

Only a month remains of our school year, and although we know 
its close will bring rest from studies, it is with keenest regret that we 
think of the parting that must inevitably come. One of our number, 
Suanna Hardwick, will return to her eastern home, and we do not 
know when we shall have her with us again. We know, however, 
that no matter how many miles may separate us from any of our sis- 
ters that under the Bond of Alpha Chi Omega we are together in 
spirit and in sympathy. With best wishes to all the sisters, 



Boston, Mass., May 28th, i8gy. 

We the girls of Zeta extend to our sisters our first public greet- 
ing — and earnest hope that each and every one may find in the fra- 
ternity life the joy and comfort which has been ours. 

Last year, '95~'96, was our initiative year and a glorious one it 
proved to be — we met with naught but success. But only three mem- 
bers returned in September, '96, so it was quite impossible for them 
to take all the time needed to reorganize. Unless one has studied in 
the New England Conservatory one has not the slightest conception 
of the amount of time we must devote to our work — it is almost out 
of the question to have outside interests. But fortunately in January, 
*97, two girls came to the rescue and we started afresh. Since then 
we have initiated six, making our number now eleven,and at the pres- 
ent time we rejoice to .say all is going well and the prospect for '98 is 

We live an eventful life here and one wholly enjoyable. The 
atmosphere is thoroughly artistic and we may breathe it to our hearts 
content. Besides being privileged to enjoy the recitals given by the 
wonderful faculty of the Conserv^atory, many visiting and local arti.sts 
favor us nuring the school year. Among these have been Melba, 
Nordica; Mile. Powell, Jean de Reske, Sauret, Halie, Perry, Bauer- 
raeister, Savenhagen, and Paderewski, Mrs. H. H. A. Beach, Mr. 
Kneisel, and Mr. Schuecker. Our lectures are usually illustrated by 

38 The Lyre 

members of either the faculty or the Boston Symphony Orchestra. 

It is needless to mention the outside music, such as Grand and 
German Opera, Symphony concerts, Kneisel Institute, and the con- 
certs given by the many artists of Boston, and those visiting the city 
during the season. 

Boston is all art and although each one of us is loyal to our own 
loved city, still we feel that the end of our school days, which will 
necessitate our leaving Boston, will also compel us to give up much 
that now seems almost necessary to our existence. Let it be the en- 
deavor, the aim, of the girls of Alpha Chi Omega to take art with 
them when they depart from alma mater — let the home of each one 
be made an abode of art, 


Musical Scherzos. 

C. D. R. 

Musical people — Those who harp on the weather. 

A musical night — When the wind whistles. 

An egotist is musical — He blows his own horn. 

The young lady is fond of her violin because she has many strings 
to her bow, and then if she is romantic she loves to cross the bridge 
with her bow (beau). 

Legitimate slang for a musician — "O fiddle," '*Give us a rest," 
**This is no scherzo," "This is a grind." 

An esthetic costume for a musician — An accordian skirt, fluted 
waist and a hat trimmed with pipings. 

The Lyre 39 

Reunion Announcement 

Beta Chapter desires to call special notice to her reunion to be held 
in Albion June 19, 1897. This is to celebrate the tenth anniversary of 
the chapter, and an enjoyable time is anticipated. Beta wishes to urge 
all her alumnae to make a special effort to be present. A cordial invi- 
tation is also extended to all the members of the, other chapters to 
attend the reunion. 

An Incident. 

The reader has probably heard the amusing story that is told of 
a trombone player in the Thomas Orchestra. I will venture to repeat 
it. Mr. Thomas arranged the Carnival of Venice for full orchestra 
in a very merry style, distributing the theme among the instruments 
in such an unexpected way as to provoke laughter in the most digni- 
fied listener. Mr* Thomas bethought him of a most excellent surprise 
he could spring upon an audience by sending a trombone player into 
the gallery to play the closing phrase. At a concert in Chicago the 
player went into the gallery and stood a few moments fingering his 
instrument, waiting for his cue. At the proper time, he raised his 
trombone to his lips, when a policeman seized it and said, "No, you 
don't! you don't disturb this concert!" "But I ;;^//5/ play," gasped 
the astonished player, "it is a part of the performance." "You are 
under arrest!" declared the policeman, escorting the protesting player 
into the corridor, forthwith, and was about to have liim taken away 
in the pj^trol when the prisoner demanded to see Mr. Thomas. This 
was allowed and explanations followed. The policeman received a 
choice bles.sing from Mr. Thomas who was in a vigorous rage over 
his pet plan. It was successful afterward, however. E. l. '91. 


Official Jeweler to 


1 confine mijaelf eicluaiveli? to a fine 
flra&e of worh, an& mi? 5ewelc& JSa&gca 
arc uncqualc& for 1Ricbnc99 an& JScautp. 
In Crown Scttinfls, particularli?, Xargc 
5cwcl8 of IRcal Walue arc mounte& in 

true Cluster form* 

1 mai^e a dpecialtp of pure Z>iamon& or 

Diamon& Combination pieces. 

price Xi5t ^^ Samples *«* JEstimatea ** 
Sent on application tbrougb pour cbaptcr. 





19 JOHN ST.. N. Y. 

The Lyre 41 


Song Recital (Senior) By Helen Caroline O'Dell, assisted by 
Helen Hanna Birch, Pianiste and Accompaniste. 
Tuesday evening. May 4th, 1897, 8:00 P. M. Music Hall. 


1. From Mighty Kings (Judas Maccabeus) Haendel 

1 Recitative and Ana — "Oh, Quel Gioruo," Rossini 

3. (a) A shepherd's Tale, I 

"A shepherd's tale no height of style desires." I m,^ 

ib) Shepherds All and Maidens Fair." f /\nnn 

"They danced as tho' they never would grow old." J 

Miss Birch. 

4. (a) Suleika. / ir^«v*/cr^A„ 
W Confession. \ Mendelssohn 

(c) Himmlische Zeit Ries 

5. Tournament Nevin 

"Knights and ladies brave and fair 

Miss Birch. 

6. {a) Serenade Pierne 

(b) Creole Song Bemberg 

7. (fl) The Snow Lies White . . 1 Sullivan 

(*) The Rose Loved One Hendricks 

(t) The Maid and the Rose DeKoven 


Helen Herr, assisted by Miss Feme Wood, Vocalist, 

Miss Josephine Armstrong, Accompanist 

Music Hall, Tuesday ^vening, May 18, 1897, at eight o'clock. 


1. Invention, a 3 voix— No. 3 Bach 

Sonata* K minor Beethoven 

Allegro. Adagio, Allegretto, Prestissimo. 

2. (fl) Fanciulle chi il core (Dinorah) Meyerbeer 

(*) Spring Song Mackenzie 

Miss Wood. 

3. (a) Nocturne, G major Chopin 

{b) Scherzo, F sharp Jadassohn 

(c) Song Without Words ("Duetto,,) Mendelssohn 

(d) "Les Deux Aloucttes" l^schetizky 


Given by Miss Albertta Miller, assisted by 

Vocal Quartette and String Quartette. 
Music Hall, DePauw University, Wednesday evening, May 19, 1897, S:oo o'clock. 


Don Juan Fantasie (two pianos) Mozart 

(Maestoso, Allegro, Kisoluto, Adagio, Allegretto, Moderato, Presto) 

Sonata — Op. 2, No. 3 Beethoven 

(Scherzo, allegro con brio.) 

Vocal Quartette — "There is a song I used to sing" Ritter 

{a ) Feu Follet Ort^inal 

(b) Karaennoi Ostrow Rubinstein 

(c) ValseinDflat Chopin 

id) 2d Mazurka l*orter 

\e) La Lisonjera Chaminade 

Vocal Quartette — Rock-a-bye Neidhnger 

Concerto in C (Adagio, finale presto) IVeber 

String Quartette Accompaniment, 

42 The Lyre 


School of Music, DePauw University, Violin Recital [Junior] 

Lucy Greenough Andrews, assisted by Miss Feme Wood, Soprano, 

Mr. Adolph Herbert Schellschmidt, Cello» Albertta Miller, Accompanist. 

Friday evening, May 21, 1897, at 8:00 o'clock. Music Hall. 


1. Trio op. 49 allegro ed agitato, adagio Mendelssohn 

2. Winter Song ...... Mendelssohn 

3. Concerto No. 7, allegro, adagio - - - P. Rode 

4. (a) Cavatina ... . ... Bohm 

(b) Romanza .... Vieuxtbmps 

5. Havanese Song ..... . Gregh 

6. (a) Twilight .... Massenet- Maud Powell 
(b) Mazurka ... ... Wieniawski 


By Miss Eva Osborn. assisted by Miss Andrews, Violiniste, 

Miss Albertta Miller, Pianiste and Accompaniste. 
Tuesday evening, March 23, at 8:00 o'clock. Music Hall. 


1 Nymphs and Shepherds .... Purcell 

2 Rejoice Greatly (Messiah) .... Handel 

3 a. Norwegian Peasant's Dance Habbrbibr 

b. I^isonjera > - - - - Chamimade 

Miss Miller. 

4 a. Witches' Song of May 1 Mendelssohn 

b. Days of Youth ^ ! Mendelssohn 

c. Ich fuehle deinen Oden . . . . Rubinstein 

5 Aria— '^Emani involami" (Brnani) - - - Verdi 

6 Invocation (violin obligato) - d'Hardelot 

7 I/)ve Song - - - - HiLLBR 

Miss Andrews. 

8 a. The Nightingale - - Delibbs 
b. Vilanelle _ . . Dell' Aqua 

9 a. Memoria - - I^ynes 
b. Tomorrow .... Neidlinoer 


Post-Graduate Recital by Miss Flora B. Pendleton at the Academy of Music, June 11, 

at 4:00 o'clock. 


1 Beethoven: Sonata, op 53. 

Allegro con brio, molto adagrio. Rondo (allegretto) prestissimo. 

2 Hermes— The I*onely Rose. 

The Trio Club. 

3 a. Rubinstein— Valse Caprice. 

b. Chopin— Nocturne, op, 82, No. i. 

r T TRfiT iwr \ Minuetto Scherzoso. op. 18. 

c. webling ^ Gavotte Moderne. op. 11. 

d. Schumann— Phantasiestucke, No. 4 (Grillen) 

4 Deliebes — The Nymphs of the Wood. 

The Trio Club. 

5 a. Seeling — Concert etude, op. 10, No. 12. 
b. Raff— Fantasie Polonaise, op, 106. 

The Lyre 



Pianoforte Recital by Ora Verona Woodworth, class of '97, assisted by Mrs. Jennie 
Tallman Webb, Miaa Lina Baum, Miss Nellie Baum, Mrs. Margaret Jones Adams. 
College Chapel, Friday evening, April 23, at 8:00 o'clock. 


Misses Baum. 

I Fantasiebilder, op. 36 
3 Duet— Sunset 

3 Impromptu, op 14a, No. 3, 
Idilio, op 134 

Nocturne, op 84, No. 1 . . . 

Witches' Dance op 17. No. a 

4 Reading Aux. Italiens 

Mrs. Webb. 

5 Allegro from Concerto in G minor 

Second Piano, Mrs. Adams. 


Goring Thomas 


Trbo. Lack 





Pianoforte Recital by Alta Mae Allen, class of '97, assisted by 

Margaret Jones Adams and Martha Reynolds Colby, 
Wednesday evening, May 12, 1897, at 8:30 o'clock 



Bbbtrovbn,— Op. 31. No. 3. Allegro, minuetto. presto con fuoco. 

W. H. Matlack.— The Iris. 

L. Dbnza.— AMay Morning. 

Mrs. Adams. 

Mozkowski.— Moment Musicale, op. 7, No. 2. 

Ethblbert Nbvin.— Tournament, op. 16. No. 4. 

MsYBR-HBLMUND.^Barcarolle, op. 134, No. i. 

Chaminadb.— Valse Caprice, op. 33. 
MASCHBRONi. — For All Ktcmity. 

Mrs. Adams: Violin obligato. Mrs. Colby. 
JosBF Ix>w. — Serenade, op. 489, for two pianos. 

Mrs. Allen and Mrs. Adams. 



ALPHA CHI OMEGA, Albion, Michigan 
Wednesday evening, April 28, 1896. 


1 Chorus — Morning Invitation .... 

Beta Chapter. 

2 Piano Duo— Huzarenritt .... 

Misses Woodworth and TeCft. 

3 Vocal Duett— The Nightingale's Nest 

Misses Baum. 

4 Theme and Variations from op. 10 - - - Schvtt 
(Passion, regret, enjouement, grace, coquetterie.douleur, plaisanterie. enthousiasme) 

Miss Dickie. 

5 Vocal Quartette — Reverie - Rheinbbrger 

Misses Brandon. Baum, Worthing^on and Mrs. Laudig. 


1 Chorus — Voice of the Western Wind Barnby 

Beta Chapter. 

2 Piano Quartette — Lenore . . _ Rafp 

Miascs Allen, Tefft, Woodworth, Disbrow. 

3 Voci Solo j ',»> I'ltntelm-s Ki«. ( " Jessie Gavnor 

Miss Brandon. 

4 Violin Solo*-Hungarian Dance - Hubov 

Miss Colby. 

5 Grand Finale— New England Kitchen [Beta Chapter 


The Lyre 


Honorary Members, 

Madame Pannie Bloomfield-Zelsler, 
Lavin. Mrs. Mary Howe. 
Rive-King, Madame Julia. 


Decca, Madame Marie. 
Powell, Maud. 
Stevens, Neally, 

DePauw, Mrs. Newland T. 


DePauw, Mrs. Chas. W. 


Alden, Lena Kva. 

Bailey. Mrs. Cecilia Kppinghousen, 
Bryant, Mrs. Jennie Allen, 
Dixon, Mrs. AlmaDahl, 

Karp. Mrs. Klla O 
John. Mrs. Orra P. 
Wentworth. Alice. 


Andrews. Lucy G. Brazil, Ind. 

Armitage, Pearl, Peru. Ind 

*Atkinson. Lula, Willow Branch, Ind, 

•Bailey, Mrs. Belle Mikels. West Lafayette. Ind 

Baldwin, Mrs. Suda West, Ft. Branch. Ind. 

*Ballinger, Ina, Williamsburg. Ind. 

Barry, Bunny. Sheldon. Ill, 

Beauchamp. Bonnie. Tipton. Ind. 

Beil, Clara, Bluffton, Ind. 

t Benedict. Mrs. Cora Branson. 

Bennet, Mrs. Laura Marsh, Okahumpka, Kla. 

*Biddle, Maude, Danville, Ind. 

Birch. Helen Hanua, Greencastlc, Ind, 

•Boltz, Mvrtle. 

Bosler, Lida. 

'Bowman, Minnie, Covington. Ind" 

Brown. Mrs. Leonore Boaz, Kokomu, Ind. 

•Byers Lizzie, Shelbyville, Ind. 

•Carter, Olive, Brazil. Ind. 

Chenoweth. Byrde. Winchester, Ind. 

Clark, Mrs. Olive Burnett Anderson. Ind. 

Colburn. Marion, Michigan City. Ind. 

Collins. June, Knoxville. Iowa. 

Conrey, Carrie. Shelbyville. Ind. 

Copeland, Nellie Bolton S.soG. Av. St. Paul, Minn 

tCoucher. Louise. 

Cowger. Raeburu, Monticello, Ind. 

Cowpertht»aite. Anne. Tom's River. N. J. 

Cox, Kmma. Ander.son, Ind. 

• Crowder. Kittie. Sullivan. Ind. 
Davis. Minnie. Martinsville. Ind. 
Deniston. Bertha, Indianapolis, Ind. 
DeVore. Altah. O'Dell, Ind. 

• DeVore, Okah. O'Dell. Ind. 

• Dobbins. Nellie. West Lafayette. Ind. 

• Kstep, Daisy, Danville. Ind. 
P>terbrook. Mrs. Dora Marshall. Orleans, Neb 
Farthing, Flla. 

Finch. Juliet, Logansport. Ind. 
♦P'oster, Kvalyu. Attica, Ind. 

• Foster. Katherine. Palmyni. N V. 
Fox. Jessie Y. Champaign. III. 
♦Frash, Mate, 

French. Gertrude H., Boxford. Mass. 

Fuqiia, Leota. 

Gallihue, Mame. Indianapolis, Ind. 

Gamble. Nellie. 

(iray.Mrs. Carrie Moore, Galveston. Ind. 

Gray, Marguerite, Chrisinan, 111. 

Hand, Mrs. Lillie Throop. Carbon, Ind. 

Hargravc. Minnie, Princeton. Ind, 

•Harper, Mrs. Nclle Zimmerman, Brazil, Ind. 

Herr, Helen, Brazil, Ind. 
' Hester, Kmma, Greencastle, Ind. 
He.ston, Maud, Princeton, Ind. 
.Heston, Stella, Princeton. Ind, 
•Hill, Claudia. Wayuesburg, Ind. 
♦Hirt, Marie Greencastle, Ind. 
Hirt, Sarah, Greencastle, Ind 
Horner, Meta, Medaryille, Ind, 

• Jackson, FUhel, Greencastle, Ind. 
•Jaques, Retta W., Owensville, Ind. 
Jennings. Mamie Ada. Newcastle, Ind. 

• Jones, Agnes, Reese's Mills, Ind. 
Jones. Mary L. K., Terre Haute, Ind. 
Jones, Mrs'. Anna AugustuH, Paris, 111. 
Keenan, Mrs. Bessie Grooms, Leroy. 111. 
Lathrope, Hmma, Delphi, Ind. 
Latimer, Bes.sie. Auburndalo. Mass. 
Leonard, Kstelle. 127 W. uth St. Cincinnati, O. 
Lightfoot. Mrs. Marguerite Smith, Rushville.Ind 
Link. Mrs. .Maud Rude. Paris, HI. 
•Lockridge. Klizabeth. (ireenca.stle. Ind. 
*Maley. Maud. Hdinburg, Ind. 

Marshall. Zella Lesa, Centralia, III. 

• May. Cora, F:ilettsville. Ind. 

McCurdy. Mrs. Annie Hunger, Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

McKeynolds. Katharine H. Washington, D C. 

Meredith. R. Muncie, Ind. 

Miller. Albertta. Richmond. Ind. 

-Miller. Fmma C, (ireencastle. Ind. 

Montgomery, Nellie 

Moore, Lillian K. Indianapolis. Ind. 

Morgan. Mrs. Isabel Sliafcr, Wichita. Kas. 

Morse. Fstelle .A. Wabash. Ind. 

Neff. Mrs. Libbie Price, Portland. Ind. 

•Nickle. F)mma. Winfield. Kas. 

O'Dell. Helen C. O'Dell. Ind. 

O'Dell. Mayme B., O'Dell. Ind. 

Offut. .Mrs. Klioda Gary. Henderson, Ind. 

Osburii, Kva. Shclburn, Ind. 

• Parker. Lorette, Shelbyville. Ind. 
Parrett, Bessie. Paloka. ind. 
Paul, (^.race. Indianapolis, Ind. 
Peck. F.lla <i.. Greencastle. Ind. 

•Plestcd. l^dith, University Park, Denver, Col. 

• Power, Grace. Milroy, Ind. 
Reed, Kate, Newtown, Ind. 

Rice. Helen Dalrymple, iS^ Park Av. Ind'pls.Ind. 

• Rowland, Maud. Covington. Ind. 
Rowley, Adeline Whitney, Champaign, 111. 

• Rupp, Valverde, Terre Haute, Ind. 
Russel, Cora, Mound City, Mo. 

The Lyre 45 

■ HaywcKKi. Emma, Romiiey. Ind. Rutledsrc Mildred, State St. Springfield, 111. 

Hcaloii. Alice Cary, Kuijiirhtstowu, lud. Ryau, Anna. 

Scott. Lena. Anderson, lud. ThornburR. Myrtle. Winchester, Ind. 

Shaffer. Minnie, Windsor, 111. Tiugley, Flora, Marion, Ind. 

Shaw. I'earl, Sardinia. Ind. TinRley, Josephine, Deaconess Home, 

Shannon. Mrs. Marj^aret Lathrope, Alexandria, Toronto, Can, 

Smedley. Mrs. Leah Walker. Indianapolis, Ind Ullyette, Ionise J, Centralia, 111. 

Smith, Mrs. Anna Allen, Greencastle, Ind. VanUyke, Flora T. Ashmore. 111. 

Smith. Kdith. Marj^vilh;. Ho. Warren. Mrs. Minnie McGill, Watseka, 111. 

Smith. Mrs.Katherine Power , Moore's Hill. lud.Waugh, Pearl, Tipton, Ind. 

VStanficld, Olive. Chrisman, 111. Weis.sel. Mrs. Lela Beil. Blu£fton, Ind. 

Stetrle. Ida Greenfield. Ind. Wilder. Myrtle. Brazil, Ind. 

Stcrrit, Anna Vae, Lojrausport, Ind. Wilhite. >frs. Mary K.. Danville, Ind. 

Stevenson. Vallie VanSandt, Carbon. Ind. WiKson. Dora, Goodland, Ind. 

Sutherlin. Kthel. Wilson, Mrs. Daisy Steele, Greenfield, Ind. 

Sype, Olive Ferris. 328 N. Main .st, Rockford, IllWil.son. Grace Aldene, Centralia, 111. 

Taffgcrt. I«aura. Dallas. Texas. Wilson. Mary Janet, Greencastle, Ind. 

Tagj^ert. Cora, Dallas. Texas. Windle. Mrri. Jessie Heiney, Hnntiugton, Ind. 

Thompson. Mrs. Klla H. Greensburj^. Ind. Wood, Feme, F>ansville, lud. 

Thompson. Florence, Moorcsville, Ind. Yates. Flora, Stillwater. Minn. 


-Mien. Alia Mae, 504 F Fric St.. Albion. Mich. l/Hdy, Anna, Colon. Mich. 

Allen, .Mrs. .Minnie McKcard. Leonard. .Mrs. Belle Fi.ske, Albion. Mich. 

Armstronif. (irace. Forty Fort. I'li. Lovejoy. Nellie Valentine. Ludington, Mich. 

.\rmstronu, Mrs. Lillian Kirk, Battle Creek. MichLott. Mrs. Gertrude Fairchild.Three Rivers, Mich 

Austin, Lida, ^?ault St . Marie, .Mich. Maher, Mr«. Delia Morgan. Minneapolis. Minn. 

Avery. Flixiibeth. Phelps. Ontario co . N. Y. McClellau, Dorothy, Macomb, 111, 

Bailey, l-lorence. Albion, .Mich. McClellau, Mrs. (ieorgina Gale, Albion, Mich. 

Baum, Lina, Fast Frie St.. Albion, Mich. McHattie. Addie. Cedar Springs, Mich. 

Bauiii, Nellie Irene. Fast Frie .St. Albion, .Mich. McMasters, Lucie, Ludington, Mich. 

Billinghurst. Ida, Muski-gon, Mich. Miller. Mrs. Hortense Osmund. Ann Arbor,Mich 

Birchard, Louise, Cambridgeboro. Pa Miner, May, Union City, Mich. 

Braniion. Kathryne. Mich. Ave.. Albion, .Mich. Mitchell, May, Bay City, Mich. 

Brcckcnridse. Beatrice, 255 Frie .St Clevel'd. O. 'Mosher, Margaret. Albion, Mich. 

Brown. Berta. I'lainwell. Mich. Noble. Mrs. Clara Fngle. Missouri Valley, Iowa. 

Brown, Grace. Lansing, Mich, Parker, Jo.sephine. DePere, Wis. 

Buck. Gertrude, Ironwood. Mich. • Peiine, Mary, Albion, Mich. 

Bundy. Blanche, Chicago, 111. * Ferine, Susie, Albion, Mich. 

Butler, .Mable. North Branch. Mich, Phelps, Fmma Cresco, Mich. 

Calkcns, Fthel. Big Kapid.s, Mich. I'ratt. Fva. Boston, Mass. 

Childs. Marian. Calumet, Mich. Reynolds. .Mrs. Florence Defendorf, 

Colby Mrs. Martha Reyuokis, Jack.son. Mich. Dowagiac, Mich. 

Collins, Malu'l, Albion', Mich. Reynolds. Hattie. Jackson. Mich. 

Clark. Irene. Huron St.. Albion. .Mich. Roade, Katherine, Albion. Mich. 

Crittenden. Fmma, Jackson, Mich. Rogers, Daisy, Medina, Mich. 

Cushnian. Mrs. Jeaiiette Allen, Vincenues. Ind.Schartz, (ilenna, Hastings. Mich. 

' Cu.ster. F^li/.abeth, I'ana, III. Scotten. Anna. Detroit, Mich. 

I>avi<ls<»n, Fusebia. Fort Huron, Mich. *Sheehau, Kathleen, Lockport. N. Y. 

Dickie, Ada, .m)! F F^ie Street. Albion, Mich. Shedd, Mrs.l'earl Frambes, (>rand Rapids, Mich. 

Dickie, Clarissa. 501 F Fric St., Albion. Mich. Shatvvell, Clara. Detroit. Mich. 

*Dickie. Mamie 501 li F!ric .St . Albion. Mich. .Smith. Belh", Grand Rapids, .Mich. 

Dickin.sou. Jennie. White Pigeon, Mich. Smith. Libbie, Marshall. Mich. 

Disbrow. Grace, Hudson, Mich. Snell. Maud, Flgin. III. 

Dissette. Fannie, Perry St., Albion, Mich. Snell. Daisy, Chicago, 111. 

Dunbar, Mrs Blanche Bryant, Farina, Mich. Spence, Mrs. Minnie Lewis, Oberlin, Ohio. 

Fg.gleston. Kittie. Marshall, Mich. Sprague. Delia. Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Fgglestoii, Nina. Marshall. Mich. Tefft, Bessie. Albion. Mich, 

Fairchibl, Minnie, Three Rivers. Mich. Thomas. Mrs. Nellie Smith, St. Clair, Mich. 

Fellows, Mrs. Mabel Nix. Homer, Mich. Tiney. Fva Marzolf. Coral, Mich. 

Feiin. Mrs Jean Whilcomb, Leavenworth, Kas. Townsend, Mrs. Belle Miller Champaign, 111. 

•Foster Mabel. F^ Porter St.. Albion. Mich, Travis, Cora. Traverse City, Mich. 

Garfield. Mrs. Marian Howlett. Albion. Mich. Valentine. .Mrs. Cora BlisH, Lan.sin^, Mich. 

<Milick. Mrs. Hattie Lovejoy. Albion. Mich' Wat.son. Myrtle. Cedar Springs, Mich. 

Hall, Mrs. Flora Adgate. Ionia. Mich. Welch, Winifred, Homer Mich. 

Handy, Alida. W. Bay City, Mich Whitcomb, Abernathy, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Harriiigton. Cora. Jackson, Mich. Wolfe, virs. Mamie Harris. Flint. Mich. 

Ives, Hattie, Chicago. 111. Wooflhaws. Florence, Plainwell. Mich. 

Kinsman, ICthel. Calumet, Mich. Woodworth, Ora. Albion, Mich. 

Lane, Louise, Marshall. Mich. Worthington, Jennie, Albion, Mich. 

Laudig, Mrs Lulu Keller, .McKcesjiort, Peun, 


The Lyre 


Abbott. Mrs. Carrie Woods. Schuyler, Neb. 

Beckett. Minnie. Chicago. 111. 

Bellows. Arta Mae. Maryville. Mo. 

t Boiaii, Marjfuerite. 

Brown. Mrs. Leila Skelton, Appletou, Wis. 

t Burdick. Mae, 

Chester, Mrs. Laura Budlong. Bownianville. Ill 

Coe, .Mrs. (teo. A. University PI., Rvanston, III. 

Coleman. HI Fleda, ii6Stenton St., 

Winona. Minn 
Chaffee. Theodore, Chicago Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Chaniblin. Stella. 
Hvans, Jeanette St. Paul. Minn. 
Oanible. Helen, Perry. Iowa, 
(iamble, Mrs. Orace Slaughter. Omaha. Neb. 
(irafton, Fannie, Ben.son Ave., Kvanston, 111. 
Gramis, Alice. Mankato, Minn. 
Hathaway. Kate, Kochelle. 111. 
Hays, Mrs Hdith Jordan, 628 Hamlin st. 

Hvanstou, 111 
Hanson, < ordelia, Kenoska, Wis. 
Harris. Florence, Sii Clark st, Kvanston, 111. 
Hough, Jane. Jack.son, Mich 
Hough, Beulah, Jackson, Mich. 
Kindade. Agatha. Lenark. 111. 
Larson, Mrs.Bessie G.,Haniline, St. Paul, Minn 
Lillyblade, FHhel. Denver, Col. 
Martin. Amy Balaton. Minn. 

Mulford, Suzanne, 16.^ Ch'o, Av. Evanston, III. 
Mclntyre, .Mildred, .Memphis, Tenn. 
McCorkle, Atheena, Indianapolis, Ind. 
0.«*good, Mrs. .Mary Satterfield, Marseilles, 111. 
Parkinson, HUa, Mt. Carniel, III. 
Patrick. Hlizabeth. DesMoines, Iowa. 
.Piatt, Lula. Clark. South Dakota 
Porter, Cornelia. Baraboo. Wis. 
• Pratt, Mable, DesMoines, Iowa. 
.Richie. Mrs. Lizzie Stein, Walla Walla. Wash. 
Richardson, Grace, 117 Buena Av Buena P'rk 111. 
Richardston. Adolyne, Oklahoma. 
Reising, Pearl. 

Schmidt. Mrs. Ksther Grannis, Mankato.Minn. 
Scott. Gena, McGregor. Iowa. 
Strickler, Barbara, Lanark, III. 
Strong, Klla. Waukegan, 111. 
Stevens, Irene, 528 Greenwood St. Evanston, 111 
Siller, Lillian. H31 Foster St , Kvanston, 111, 
.Siller. Mabel, Sir Foster St., Evanston. 111. 
Skiff, Blanche, •'The Plaza." Chicago. 111. 
Stanford. Mary. Chicago, Ave., Kvanston, III. 
Tyre, Valeria. I^banon, Ind. 
Walker, Mary, Chicago. 111. 
Wimmer, Maude, Perry, Iowa. 
.Weller, Mrs. Jenette Marshall, Omaha, Neb. 
Young, Klla S. 1246 Forest Av., Kvanston. 111. 



Hull, Mrs. Juvia O, Meadville, Pa. 

Pinney, Miss Mary Reno, New York City. 


Baker, Katharine, .Spring Creek. Pa. 

Barber, Margaret B.. Meadville. Pa. 

Barnaby, L, Fay, .Meadville. Pa 

Blodgett. Lucile. Youngsville, Pa. 

Bright, Kvelyn. Greenville, Pa. 

Brown. Mrs. Antoinette Snyder, Meadville. Pa, 

Byres, Francis. Cooperstown, Pa. 

Cowan. I<illian. Apollo, Pa. 

Cribbs. Bertha, South Oil City, Pa. 

Dick. Mrs. John, Meadville, Pa. 

Kastman, Flora. Meadville. Pa. 

FMsall. Helen. Klmira. N. Y. 

Kvans. Sara, (ireenville. Pa. 

Fair. Lu. >ow\.\i Oil City. Pa. 

t Foote. Mary. 

(^a.ston. Carrie Cochranton. Pa. 

Graham, May J., Meadville, Pa. 

Harper, Florence. Meadville. Pa. 

Home. Jennie Arzella, Meadville, Pa. 

• Jack. Klla Mae. Apollo, Pa. 

Kiefer, Klsie. 216 Fourth Ave. Pittsburg, Pa. 

Kirk. Ruby K., Conneautville. Pa, 

Laffer, Mrs. (iertrude Sackett. Meadville, Pa 

Lenhart, Ada. Meadville. Pa. 

Lord, Marv C . Meadville, Pa 

Maxwell. C. Maud. .South Oil City. Pa. 

McAllister, Klizabeth B., West Newton. Pa. 

McMasters, Jennie Klynne. Adamsvillc. Pa. 

.McMullen. LoisK., iSo Center Av. Aurora, 111. 

Merchant, Jessie, Parker's Landing, Pa. 

Moore. Kdith, Cochranton, Pa. 
Moyer. M. Alta. Meadville, Pa. 

• Nichols. Helen. Spring Creek, Pa. 
Ogden, Jennie Medora, Meadville, Pa. 
Ogden. Gertrude Hel*?n, Meadville. Pa. 
Oris. Helen D., Meadville, Pa. 

• Patton. Klizabeth K.. Hartstown. Pa. 
Pendleton. Flora B. Meadville, Pa. 
Pickard, Fern, Jamestown, N. Y. 
Porter, Susanna. .Meadville. Pa. 
Porter, Virginia. South Oil City, Pa. 
Ramsey. Mrs. Bird Kuight. Jamestown. N. Y. 
Ray. Anna C, Meadville, Pa. 

Rea. Harriett Lillian, Corydon. Iowa. 

Robson. Jene A. Ovid, Mich. 

Robson, .Mrs. Harriett Veith, Detroit, Mich. 

Robinson. Mrs. Mea Bredin, Krie, Pa. 

Roddy. Kdith J.. .Meadville, Pa. 

Sackett. Bertha, Meadville. Pa. 

Seiple, Mrs. Charlotte W., New Brighton, Pa. 

Sheldon, Myrtle. 

Sherred, Kf^e L., Venango, Pa. 

.Stevenson. Blanche. Utica. Pa. 

Tate, Ftlizaheth. Hoise City. Idaho. 

Tate, Zannie Patton, Marseilles, 111. 

Tinker, F:tta May. Wabash. Ind. 

Tyler, Klienbeth R., Meadville, Pa. 

Wilson, Adelaide .M., Guy's Mills, Pa. 

Winans, .Mrs. F^sther Rich, New Brighton, Pa. 

Ttie Lyre 


Burton. Nellie. L,os Angeles, Cal. 
Cook, Marearet. Los Angeles, Cal, 
Davis, Jesne L.. Ivos Angeles, Cal. 
Gothard, Ina. Los Angeles. Cal. 
Green. Nellie. Los Angeles. Cal. 
Hardwick. Suanna, Hrie, Pa. 
Hoppin. Delia. Ventura, Cal, 
Johns, Lula, BerUn, Germany. 


Keep. Cornelia, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Kepner. Ktha. Lemon, Cal. 
Mann, Alice, Phoenix, Aris. 
Millard, Ora, Los Angeles. Cal. 
Parker. Flora. I«os Angeles, Cal. 
Phelps, Bertha. Los Angeles, Cal. 
VanCleve, Mrs. N. Louise, Los Angeles, Cal 


Armstrong, Mary. Bowling Green, Ky. 
Ball. Mrs. Susan Ann Lewis. Boston, Mass. 
Buchanan, Bertha Thompson. Marion, Ind. 
Campbell. Florence Wheat, Lima, Ohio. 
Cleveland. Alma Stewart, Houston. Tex. 
Collins. Helen Maud. Rochester, Minn. 
Ellis, Klsie Louise, Brookfield, Mass. 
Kvans, Nellie Durand, Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Kvans. Anita D., Chattanooga. Tenn. 
Famum. Kmma Faye, Mc(>regor. Iowa. 
Farel, Sade Marie, Tiltusville, Pa, 
Johnson. Mary Wilson, Raleigh. N. C. 

Laflin, Helen Margaret. Milwaukee, Wis, 
Mayo. KUbeth Blanche. Dunkirk. N. H. 
McFarlane, U.stelle H., Denver, Colo. 
Parker, Alice Frances. Concord, N. H. 
Patterson, Mary A., St. Albans. Vt. 
Rennyson, Gertrude Margaret. Phila<Ielphia, Pa 
Sigourney, Belle Mauross, Bristol, Conn. 
Snyder, Agnes I-C., Philadelphia. Pa. 
Spencer. Irene, White Suphur Springs. Montana 
Vass, Hleanor Margaret, Raleigh, N. C. 
Wood, Jessie Belle, Chicago. 111. 

• Pledged. 
t Deceased. 

This list is as nearly correct as it could be made from our roll. 
Any information which can be furnished by a reader as to change of 
address will assist in making out future lists. 


Manufacturers of 

High Grade 

Fraternity Badges 

in the 

United States, 

Important to^ 

Alpha Chi 
Onaega Fraternity. 

The excellence of our work having 
been approved by the officers at the 
late convention, we were appointed 
official Badge Makers for Your Fra- 
ternity. H If your Badge is stamped 
with our name, there is nothing bet- 
ter made. 

Correspond with us..^==^i::^>" 

regarding Fraternity Jewelry, Nov- 
elties and stationery. Samples sent 
upon application through your 


140442 Woodward Ave., 



Schools of Music and Art 

Full courses of instructions in Pianoforte, Pipe (3rgan, 

Violin and Voice, also in Musical History and Theory. 

Fine facilities and thorough courses in Drawing, Oil 

Painting, Water Colors, China Decorating and Wood 


The next term will open September 22, 1897. 

For further particulars address the Dean of the Schools, 

Belle A. Mansfield. 

Greencastle, Indiana. 

^I?apt?r FJoll. 

Alpha DePaiiw University, Greencastle, Indiana. 

Bkta, Albion College. Albion, Michigan. 

Gamma, Xorthwestern University, Hvanston, Illinois. 

Dklta, Allegheny College, Meadville, Penn.sylvania. 

Kp.siu)N, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. 
Zkta New England Conservatory, Boston. Massachu.setts. 

(,\{f\]ib (?|1/ipTEI^-/llpl7a. 

(Jeij^ral Offi(:ers. 

President, Mary Janet Wilson, Alpha. 

Secretary Alta Mae Allen, Beta. 

Treasurer Gertrude Ogden, Delta. 

C^orr^spOQdiijg S^^r^t^ries. 

Alpha, Raeburn Cowger. 

Beta Alta Mae Allen, 405 Erie St. 

Gamma Lillian vSiller, 831 Foster St. 

Delta Edith Jeanette Roddy, Walnut St. 

Epsilon Mrs. X. Louise VanCleve, 1014 W. 17th St. 

Zeta Alice Parker, 238 N. Main wSt., Concord, N. H. 


Fanuir Bliunuficlti-Zrislcv, 

5(j8 (!:ast Piuisiiin 5t. 

CljiiMito, Jllinina 

Mi$5 Ncally Sfnunis, 


Mauti pmiicll, 


"lO Wi'^l CuuMTtirutI) street. 

BiMU l^orh (£iig. 



Alpha Chi Omega 


Musical Progress* 

(Ilv Jean Moos, Professor of Pianoforte nud Theory in DePauw Universitv Music School 

The desire to adv«iiice along every line of activity is one of the 
most deep seated instincts of man's nature. Indeed, to this instinct 
alone is due ever)- trait that distinguishes modern civilization from 
ancient savagery; and without this universal impulse to march on- 
ward on the tortuous path of history, beset with obstacles though it 
may be, — the high state of moral, intellectual, and social emancipa- 
tion at which we have arriven, and towards which we are still striv- 
ing, would never have been realized. Our highly developed indus 
trial pursuits, our mastery over the powers of nature, our perfected 
modes of living, — all are the direct outgrowth of this spirit of unrest, 
of pressing on towards an ever receding goal, of which even the best 
of men get only a casual fleeting glimpse, but which nevertheless 
is pursued by the very lowliest and humblest member of the human 

One of the multitudinous results of this inate disposition to ad- 
vance we see in our highly developed art life and more particularly 
ill our musical art life. For, probably, in no other sphere of human 

4 The Lyre, 

! ■ 

activity has progress been so rapid as during the last few centuries of 
musical history. And even today, though the development of the 
art as such seems to have come to a partial standstill, yet the spirit of 
progress, while less active in the creative sphere, is not dead, but 
seems to have permeated instead the great mass of music loving peo- 
ple to a degree formerly unknown. When was there ever known such 
an intense straining towards that which is high and noble in musical 
art on the part of the humble rank and file of musicians? But few 
of the self-satisfied, complacent musicians of twent}- years ago are 
now to be found. Growth and improvement is the watchword we 
hear on every side. And whenever we find an isolated case of the 
easy-going, self-admiring type of musician, there we also see an indi- 
vidual left alone in the rear of the hosl that rushes onward toward 
greater perfection ; an old fog}-, who indeed would love to propound 
his antiquated methods and theories to an admiring public, only the 
public that would lend to him a patient ear cannot be found. The 
unprogres.sive musician is hopelessly consigned to "innoceuous desue- 

This universal, almost feverish striving after improvement, how- 
ever, is mainly directed into technical, executive channels. New- 
methods for the cultivation of executive dexterity spring up around 
us like mushrooms. And, certainly, these methods have a legitimate 
place. But we must not forget that executive ability alone does not 
make the musician. If it would, a music box or a mechanical piano 
could rout the renowned virtuoso. The fact remains, that, in 
spite of these improved methods, we only too often leave a perfor- 
mance saying to ourselves: Too many notes, but too little mu.sic. 
Does not that suggest that our striving after progress is in some meas- 
ure misdirected.? 

It is, in fact, only too obvious to the close observer, that in our 
endeavor after advancement we emphasize almost exclusively the 
technical, executive side. Expression, feeling, interpretation, we 
say, can, at any rate, not be taught or learned. The divine spark, if 
it has not by the kind fates been laid into our cradle, cannot be 
kindled by any amount of study. And, since in most cases we can 
easily pursuade ourselves that we possess this divine spark, that we 
have what is called specific musical talent, we think we are on the 

The Lyre. 5 

right road when we daily rattle down our scales and chords and dash 
off our Czerny studies and, still worse, our pieces, at the prescribed 
metronome speed. 

And yet, to our hearers, though they may not tell us so, it is all 
but empty sound. There is no soul in the playing, they say. Yes, 
that is doubtlessly true in many cases; and that can only with diffi- 
culty-be remedied. But would we not cover at least part of the 
ground by saying, instead of there is no soul in the playing, there is 
no Intelligence in the playing? I am persuaded that the latter is in a 
large measure the case. And this defect fortunately can be supplied, 
if we direct our energies toward the theoretical branches of music. 

How then, can theory correct, unintelligible playing or 
singing? Well, every musical composition is made up of a succession 
of motives, phrases and sentences, which stand to each other in a 
definite, mutual relation. Taking a melody, for instance, certain 
tones are easily felt to be more important than others, and hence de- 
mand greater emphasis; certain phrases, again, are of less impor- 
tance than others, as leading up towards more e.s.sential melodic 
points, and hence require a crescendo up to the climax. And .so 
melodious relationships exist of every imaginable degree of strength 
and delicacy- As soon then, obviously, as these various interdepen- 
dences come to be clearly recognized, the key to an intelligent inter- 
pretation is at the player's di.sposal. 

And how .shall this musical discrimination ])e acquired? I an- 
swer, by means of a thorough study of Harmony and Musical Form. 

That the study of Harmony, if rightfully conducted, foslcis tliis 
delicate sense of discrimination, is admitted on all sicks. I'or its 
very subject matter consists in the relationships of tones to each 
other, the relative position of tones within chords, and the bonds ex- 
isting between successive chords. In modern music especially, the 
harmonic material is so diversified that every degree of melodic affin- 
ity can be expre.s.sed by its means. In truth, the harmonic web in 
many compositions of the romantic and ultra-romantic school is such 
that only a thorough acquaintance with the varied forms of harmonic 
progressions can insure an adequate rendition. He who is not ac- 
quainted from previous study with at least the principal harmonic 
sequences is utterly at sea. But if by a previous study of harmonv 

6 The Lyre. 

an insight has been gained into harmonic structure the harmonic tis- 
sue is easily unravelled; and what to the uninitiated is the cause of 
confusion becomes an index of the significance of each constituent, 
and of the part it plays in its relation to the whole; and from a cor- 
rect harmonic perception to an intelligent, and even soulful rendition 
it is only a small step. 

Much less generally admitted are the benefits which accrue from 
the study of Musical Form. And yet it stands beyond dispute that 
as a stimulus to correct musical discrimination it is vastly superior 
even to Harmony, important as that branch is. Musical Form 
deals pre-eminently with melodic structure. And melody is the 
soul of music. In its elementary aspect particularly, — the .study 
of the musical period and its structure, — it is the most power- 
iul help that can be enlisted in behalf of acquiring a correct style 
of phrasing. For of what help is it if two phrases are di.sconnected 
merely because this is indicated in the printed copy by the sluring? 
And how much nearer to the true goal is the player brought by me- 
chanically ob.serving accents and other dynamic signs? With all his 
pain.staking care the player or singer who thus slavi.shly, or mechan- 
ically, follows the printed score produces nothing but a galvanized 
corpse of the compo.ser's creation. A living, .spontaneous reproduc- 
tion of a musical art work can take place only when as the result of 
previous studies the importance of each tone, the relations of each 
phrase, and the significance of each period, is gra.sped as quick as a 
flash; when, consecjuent upon a frequent analysis of ma.ster works, 
the perception of melodic structure has become such that at any one 
moment the performer has ])resent before his mind's eye, not only 
the passage he is playing at the moment but in addition what immed- 
iately precedes and follows, so that with lightning-like speed he ad- 
justs one part to the other, and thus creates one whole, and not an 
incoherent series of fragments. Thus his phrasing to be ma- 
chine-made, and becomes a living and .spontaneous outpouring of his 

Why, then, should we day after day, and week after week, per- 
sist in the wearying humdrum of nerve-killing finger exercises? It 
is said that no pianist ever struck as many wrong notes as Rubin- 
stein. And yet to have heard him perform a great masterwork is to 

The Iatc. 7 

be remembered forever, while the most faultless display of musical 
pyrotechnics leaves no lasting trace on our minds, and the sooner it 
evaporates the better. Certainly, technical dexterity is indispensible 
and demands with right a considerable part of our time. But we 
must not forget the spirit above the letter. Technique is a valuable 
means to an end. But if made an end in itself it is its own defeat. 
An intelligent style of interpretation it is that we must endeavor to 
cultivate. And this we cannot leave to chance or to talent. If tal- 
ent there be, it will be none the worse for being curbed and purified 
by theoretical study. And if talent be absent, or in a dormant state, 
the slumbering fire may thus be kindled into a brighter, living 

S The Lvrc. 

Parsifal at Bayreuth. 

(Uy Marion Alison Fcrnie, Professor of Voice Cnltnre at DePauw I'niversity Mnsic School. 


Many of us have lived in a musical atmosphere but no one can 
have reached the ideal who has not worshipped at Bayreuth and 
there heard Parsifal. I use the word worshipped advisedly in connec- 
tion with that great work for w^e may have loved, admired and 
adored the other Wagner operas but always with an earthly love, 
while our emotions on hearing Parsifal though not so human are al- 
ways pure and elevating. Bayreuth itself makes one unworldly; im- 
agine a primitive German or Bavarian town many years old with no 
modern improvemcnls, no cars, no gas, no lying in wait to cheat un- 
sophisticated Amrricans, nothing that reminds us of the present cen- 
tury in any of tlie real inhabitants. Then imagine a string of foreign- 
ers from all over the world accepting (even the richest and 
worldly ) all these primitive conditions with joy. The Princess of 
Wales lived in a small room over a baker's shop last year. All seem 
to be on a pilgrimage and very much in earnest in their undertaking. 

The opera house is a huge building about twenty minutes' dis- 
tance from the town, at the top of a high hill. It is surrounded by 
all sorts and conditions of restaurants, for you must know that Ger- 
mans have too much respect for their digestions to sit three or four 
hours without food; and there are full accomodations for all classes 
and tastes froin a "Bier Keller" to a French restaurant. At half 
past three strings of carriages and a seemingly endless stream of pedes- 
trians begir. to mount the hill. At ten minutes to four the bugle 
calls and it always plays a motif from the opera about to be given. 
At four the bugle calls again and everything is hushed and darkened 
and the doors closed not to be opened on any account, until the end 
of the act. Parsifal's w\anderings in the woods begin and all the 
struggles and temptations, through which he gains heavenly if not 
earthly bliss, are depicted. We listen and look with pleasure too 
deep to be described; our eyes and ears are more than satisfied and 
we feel that though we may be doubtful as to the practical value of 
the lesson, at anv rate the music cannot l^e found fault with and we 

The Lyre. 9 

must, however mundane we are, soar a little. 

At the end of the first act everyone leaves the theatre and half 
an hour is given for tea or other refreshment and one gets renewed 
strength to continue watching the struggles of Parsifal. After the 
second act there is an hour's intermission and dinner is the order of 
the day. I can't help thinking that this way of hearing music should 
be universally adopted, for I know how much more capable I am of 
enjoying the last act of the opera in Bayieuth, or in any German 
town where they have this custom, than I am in any of the larger 
cities where one has no time between acts to eat or gain fresh strength 
for a new theme; where one idea is hurled on the top of the other 
and I am surfeited and have no time for musical digestion. 

I meant to write more about Parsifal. I have drifted to the man- 
ner of performance. Perhaps I ought to say that a^ I grow older in 
worldly knowledge I find my greatest pleasure in the human music 
of 'Tristan and I.solde' and in the grand and immortal 'Ring der 
Niebelungen.' Nietzoche says there is only one deadly sin, — "to 
deny life," and after all the beauty, sweetness and power in Parsifal 
one must at length come to the conclusion that his ideas were mis- 
taken and that had he been more human his influence would have 
been wider. 

A Poem. 

'Mid paths ot radiant roses once I strayed 
Nor heeded e'en the loveliness of one. 

Now naught but bitter tares lie long my road 
And I am left in barrenness alone. 

In vain mine eyes so dull 'mid flow^'ring ways 
Are clear ihro' dark'ning day's austere repose. 

Alas! the sadness of the deed undone. 
Alas! the perfume of the unplucked rose. 

Marg.\ret B. Barber. 

lo The Lyre. 

The Fraternity Question. 

The Greek Letter Fraternities, as they have become known, re- 
present a very large element in American college life. For more than 
fifty years they have played an important role. It is apparent that 
they are to be permanent factors. Of them there are more than fifty 
which have chapters in many colleges. There are also local frater- 
nities. The foundation of some of them runs back more than sixty 
years. Various purposes control and various methods prevail. In 
some the literary purpose and motive; in some the oratorical: in some 
the scholastic; but more generally the social and friendly method and 
purpose dominate. College fraternities are becoming more and more 
simple associations of men who like each other, and who like to be 
associated with each other. Whether a student shall join one depends 
very largely upon the student, and also upon the fraternity which he 
may be asked to join. On the whole, I feel confident, that if he can 
afford the expense — and the expense in some cases is slight and in 
others heavy — he will get more out of his college life by being a 
member. He will form more numerous, more ardent, and more last- 
ing friendships. The disadvantage of fraternities is pretty closely 
related to what is called college politics. College politics, on the 
whole, is quite as bad for the college as what is known as ''politics** 
in the larger world of civil relations is bad for pure democratic gov- 
ernment. For the bickerings and squabblings prevailing in college 
politics consume large amounts of time and strength without render- 
ing adequate results. But the same temptation of going into college 
politics exists for the man who is not a member of a fraternity. 

President Chari.ks F. Thwixg, in Revie a' of Reviews for April. 


The fact that I was a good musician," said the lady from John.s- 
town, "was the means of saving my life during the flood in our town 
a few years ago." "How was that?" asked the young lady who sang. 
"When the water struck our house my husband got on the folding 
bed and floated down the stream until he was rescued." "And what 
did you do?" "Well, I accompanied him upon the piano." 

T he Lyre. 1 1 

A California Letter. 

(By James llami ton Howe, Dean of Del'auw I'niversity School of Music. 1SS4-1S94.) 

SaxF'kancisco, Cal., Aug. 3, 1897. 
Dear Friends of the Alpha Chi Ome^a: 

I have been asked to send you a few thoughts relative to the 
early days of the Alpha Chi Omega Sorority, and incidentally add a 
few items in regard to my progress in musical lines in California. I 
love to go back to the days of your infancy. I had for some time felt 
that the DePauw School of Music should have within its fold a mus- 
ical sorority. After a few bickerings had been gone through with 
and several difficulties overcome, I called a few of you together and 
you soon organized yourselves and in about three weeks blossomed 
out. The selection of colors and outlining of the pin were interesting 
moments. At once you became a new power in the School and Uni- 
versity. If I remember aright some one used to help you fight your 
ecrly battles. Now what a large family you are, some five hundred, 
all the way from Alpha to Zeta, and there are those out here who 
wish to join your force. 

As I look over the names in the Alpha chapter. I find that I re- 
member nearly all of you, yes, and your characteristics. I find also 
that quite a number consider it important to change their names, 
which also adds to the size of the family. The more the merrier. I 
am proud to see that you have not followed my example. The vicis- 
situdes of ten years of university life are multitudinous and varied 
and test one's fortitude considerably. The pleasant times are the 
ones we love to look back upon. The Recitals and Concerts, the 
Orchestra. I have a photo of that valiant band in my .studio, and 
point to it with pardonable pride. Our chorus of forty or fifty used 
to struggle wonderfully for existence. A few evenings since I had 
the pleasure of directing fifteen hundred voices together with an or- 
chestra of eighty. vStill, I suppose, I should work as hard again 
with thirty or forty voices. That is one of the beautiful characteris- 
tics of those who are deeply interested in art, down to the smallest 
detail they take just as much pains. I^ay .solid foundation and who- 

12 The Lyre. 

ever comes after you can build upon it. But I am not here to preach. 

It is pleasant to note that several of my co-workers have written 
interesting articles for the *'Lyre. " Professors Mansfield and Row- 
ley, Misses McReynolds, Leonard. Steele, and Fox. All used to sit 
at my table at Ladies* Hall. I am looking over the list of members. 
One is surprised at the small number you have lost trom your ranks 
by death. A good example of the truth that the judicious practice of 
the art of music prolongs life. I could fill several books with DePauw 
experiences but must hasten "on with the dance,'* ** westward ho!*' 

On my way to California, several organ and pianoforte recitals 
were given. The people here were not quite ready for the Conserva- 
tory idea, so I turned my attention to oratorio and private leaching. 
They do not love to dwell long upon one idea nor upon one object or 
department of study. They love change; one thing today and some- 
thing else tomorrow; so if one wishes to succeed he must be a good 
politician, or ever ready to enter some new scheme or project. The 
old '49 spirit of the ''prospector" is still here. It is the most unsat- 
isfactory place to teach music that I everdw^elt in. Outside of a few 
solid characters, you have to expect a pupil to study with you for a 
month or two, then the mind seems to need to recuperate, or it may 
go prospecting in some other studio. I find that this is the exper- 
ience of a huge share of the teaching force. Then you must remem- 
ber that this is a Jewish community. Hence one teacher says such 
delightful (?) things of another and tries to build upon the ruins of 
others; or my wares (theories, methods, systems, etc.,) are so much 
better than all others. You put your life in jeopardy if you go to so 
and so. One smiles at this when entering a new country and if he 
takes what is said seriously, wonders to what shores all the good mu- 
sicians have emmigrated. 

There are several good musicians here and I am glad to be 
ciated with them. We have a musical club of the best musicians 
which meets once a month. Good music is heard in churches. In- 
terest in oratorio is very moderate. I feel like a missionary in this 
work. It is only some great occasion that will draw people together, 
Christian Endeavor Convention, for in.stance. A free show suits 
them the best. Light opera, theater and variety shows secure full 
houses. Ministers have much difficulty in drawing people to church. 

The Lyre. 13 

A popular people's church may be organized soon and the writer 
asked to take charge of the music. Very little symphony music is 
heard. The people have not ''arrived." Many of the most celebrated 
artists concertize here. As to my own work, in addition to teaching 
and church organ supplying I am director of the San Francisco Ora- 
torio Society, Oakland, San Jose and Sacramento societies. 

California is a good place to live; plenty to eat and drink, brac- 
ing air and great variety of scenery. Never was better in my life 
and although I am not an alderman, I weigh ten pounds more than 
when in DePauw. When any of your members come to San Fran- 
cisco I hope you will call at my studio. With regards and best 
wishes to you all, I am sincerely, 

Jamks Hamilton Howk, 


Bp:kijn, Aug. I J, fS^y. 

My Dear Sisters in Alpha Chi: 
Over a year has passed since our happy union at the Convention in 
Meadville, and I really did not intend that so long a time should pass 
before keeping my promise to write to you a letter from Berlin. It 
has been a year so full of stud}', sight-seeing, and so forth, that I 
have hardly had time to gather my thoughts together. Some little 
time ago I received a good long letter from Miss Steele of Alpha and 
also a copy of the "Lyre." Was so pleased to hear all about the con- 
vention of '97, and gladly comply with your request to write you 
what little I can from Berlin. I arrived here just at the most 
beautiful time of year, in May, and in spite of the fact that I 
had just left the "Land of Sunshine" (as we proudly call Southern 
California ) everything seemed exceedingly beautiful to me. Berlin, 
particularly during the spring and summer is certainly a wonder of 
beauty. First of all is the almost perfect order and cleanliness that 
the German proudly claims is not elsewhere to be found, and 
which certainly does impress one very forcibly in coming from other 
cities. The stately buildings, in which nearly every style of antique 
and modern architecture may be seen; the streets lined with trees; 

14 The Lyre. 

the small parks every few blocks; the world famed "Unter den Lin- 
den," *'Thiergarten," etc., all tend to make a most perfect unity of 
the busy city life and the works of man with the wonders of nature. 
Then, too, when one thinks of the old treasures of the museums, 
galleries and libraries; of the educational advantages in almost every 
line of study; it seems as if nothing more could be wished for. It 
may be interesting to you to know that electric cars have only been 
introduced in this old and learned city, within the last year, and by 
far the greater part of transportation still is done by the "one horse 
street car line." We Americans, who are noted for being both quick 
and practical, scold and are very impatient over our "slow-going" 
brethren: but after a lime, that wears off, and to the extent that one 
takes life at an easy and comfortable pace, you can make an estimate 
of about how many years has been spent in the good old "Vater- 

This is the time of year when everybody lives out of doors. 
Rich and poor, old and young, fill the parks, Thiergarten and sur- 
rounding woods. The "Lokales" do a rushing business. Every 
person who has a cent left in the pocket buys a glass of beer, a cup 
of coffee or a piece of German brown bread and sausage, and sits out 
under the trees to eat i^. These "Lokales" usually select a spot 
where trees are plentiful, and where the view is picturesque and 
charming. They have orchestra music, and naturally everything 
tastes ever so much better there than in the house. 

But I dwell so long upon German customs, and have not spoken 
of what is ot most interest to us; namely, the music. I hardly know 
hov%^ to begin. Perhaps, to me, the most delightful music has been 
that of the Symphony Orchestra in the Royal Opera House, under 
the direction of Hof-Kapellmeister Felix Weingartner. To be sure, 
Weingartner has been criticised by many as overdrawing effects, but 
with Berlin's best musicians at his command, and his fine musical 
sense that seems to draw out every little phrase so delicately and dis- 
tinctly, and build all together in one great tone poem, his direction 
was ever charming. Then came the Wickish Concerts in Philhar- 
monic Hall, also a series of ten concerts, every evening presenting 
something new in solo work with orchestra accompaniment. Bus- 
soni displayed his wonderful technic on a modern composition, which 

The Lyre. 15 

was given to the public for the first time from O'Novacek. vSophie 
Mentor delighted the audience one evening with a piano concerto 
Xo. 5, E flat, from Beethoven She stands first among women as a 
piano player here. Pablo de Sarasate was more than enthusiastically 
received. As a violinist of the Southern type he has certainly no 
equal; his fire and delicacy, and his wonderful technical ability com- 
pletely entrances one. Gabriele Wietrovvetz, a young lady pupil of 
Joachim played one evening the Concert No. 9, in D minor, by Spohr, 
and certainly her work gave wonderful promise for her future ca- 

Americans who are here studying at a heavy expense are, as a 
rule, to be found in the cheapest places; so it comes that as one 
reaches the highest gallery of the Opera House otie hears English 
spoken on all sides. Here the seats are very good both for seeing and 
hearing, and by buying a season ticket one hears the ten Symphony 
Concerts for $2.50. In Philharmony, however, the seats are not so 
inexpensive, and those who are determined to find an inexpensive 
way either attend the open rehersal which is given at twelve o'clock 
the preceding day, or take standing room for the evening. 

The popular concerts which, during the winter are held three 
evenings a week at Philharmony Hall give a pretty picture of true 
German life. 

The orchestra is under the direction of Prof. Mannstaedt, one 
of the best piano artists in Berlin. The program presented a good 
selection of the classic and modern music. The bt^autiful large hall 
is filled with little tables, and entire families sit around drinking 
their beer or coffee and eating. The ladies are oftentimes knitting or 
sewing. All are so quiet that during the music one could hear a pin 
drop. Sunday evening smoking is allowed, so that the comfort of the 
gue.sts may be complete. 

The much beloved Dr. Joachim has now reached such an age 
tliat he plays little except in quartette work. He honored the Amer- 
icans by playing a solo at a concert given for the benefit of the Amer- 
ican church. His musical feeling is still wondertul, but he has nat- 
urally lost technic. The Joachim String (Quartette gave a number of 
concerts this winter, and shares with the Bohemian String Quartette the 
honor of doing the best quartette work of the city, Prof. Halie, the 

1 6 The Lvre, 

violinist, who gave a series of concerts in America not long ago, is 
considered by Berlin critics as having no equal in the strictly classi- 
cal music, particularly in the interpretation of Beethoven and Spohr 
Concertos. Prof. Barth, professor in the Royal High School of Music 
has also given a series of piano concerts. His technic is very fine, 
and he stands as one of the first in Berlin as piano teacher; he is very 
I>opular among Americans. Frau Sherres-Freidenthal, with whom I 
am studying, also gave a concert in Singakademie, and was very en- 
thusiastically received and well critici.sed. She is a Polander, and 
stands among the first as teacher of piano. Her playing has all the 
Polish fire and delicacv. 

Every evening presents much that is pleasant and instructive, I 
cannot begin to tell you about all. No American can spend a winter 
in Berlin without, from a musical standpoint, ever remembering it as 
one of the richest of experiences. I have grown to think a good 
deal of Germany and her people, and I hope that others who may 
come from our society will find it as pleasurable as I have found it. 

Trusting that our society is in every way prosperous, and with 
best wishes to all chapters, I am sincerely, 

lyUi.u Johns, from Kpsilon. 
Berlin, W 30. 
Germany. Kyffhauser Str 8 iv. 




PnbliRhed quarterly by Alpha Chapter. Banner Times office. Greencastle, Ind. 

Subscription. 50 cts. per vear. Single copies, i.s cts. 

«^ ADVKRTISING RATKS — Full pajfe, Jio.oo; half pa^e. $6 «>:' quarter pajje. $.^.00. ■ *,• 

All material for the next number must be in by November 25th. 
Mary JANKT Wilson. Kditor. Assistants. Mildred RutledKe'.— Subscriptions. Helen Hanna 
Birch. — Persona s. Raeburn Cowjjer— Chapter Correspondence, 



Vacation is over and Alpha Chi agsin takes up active work. 
The **Lyre" extends greetings to all and wishes a successful and 
prosperous year. The vacation number cannot offer as much matter 
of general interest to its readers as during the school year. Some 
promised articles are not yet in as we go to press. We heartily 
commend the chapters that have .so promptly responded, and hope 
with a little better management all will be represented next time. 
Some failed to learn from the announcement at the head of the Edi- 
torial page when the articles were due, and did not have time to do 
the work justice. Letters of encouragement and appreciation have 
been received from members of different chapters. All express their 
pleasure at hearing from their former as.sociates through these pages. 
For the benefit of the absent members we should have a good personal 
department. All items of interest should be sent in to the editor of 
the personals. 

Let us enter into the year's work with renewed interest and en- 
ergy and a determination to labor for the best results in our studies; 
remembering that the fraternity is not an end in itself but a means 
for broader development. We hope the general work of the chapters 
will be attended to promptly; that the contributions to the song book 
will be sent in at the stated time; that delegates be sent to the con- 
vention instructed in all the matters of business to be brought up. 

1 8 The Lvrc, 

Chapter Personals- 


Ethel Jackson visited Meta Horner this summer. 

Ida Steele will enter Chicago University this fall. 

Lucy Andrews will not be in school for a few weeks. 

Valverde Rupp was not able to return on account of illness. 

Kstelle Morse visited Claudia Hill and Pearl Shaw this summer. 

Meta Horner will not be able to enter school until after the holr 

Raeburn Cowger spent the summer with her uncle, at Helena. 

Myrtle Wilder visited Anna Cowperthwaite at Tom's 
River, N. J. 

Zella Marshall has returned to Chicago for another year's work 
with Liebling. 

Miss Neally Stevens opened her season in concert work at the 
Nashville exposition. 

Alice Carey Heaton will spend the winter in California and at- 
tend Leland Stanford. 

We regret the absence of Albertta Miller this term, but look for- 
ward to having her with us after Christmas. 

Helen O'Dell, graduate from voice department, '97, has a flour- 
ishing class in piano and voice, at Wolcott, Ind. 

Joanna Baker, who has been teaching in the Indianola,^ Iowa 
college, is studying this year in the Chicago University. 

Edith Plested has moved with her parents to Palo Alto, Cal., 
and is taking special work in Leland Stanford University. 

Jessie Young Fox, class of '95, is filling the place of instructor 
in the piano department of the university at Champaign, 111. 

Members of Alpha chapter are delighted to have with us again 

The Lyre. 19 

Kate Reed, who will resume her work in the School of Music. 

Miss Maud Powell, Katherine McReynolds and Fraulein Koehl 
spent their vacation at Mountain Lake Park, Md. Miss Koehl studied 
with Miss Powell. 

Kerne Wood has entered the College of Liberal Arts to study for 
her bachelors degree, and will also continue her work in the piano 
and voice departments. 

Mrs Cecelia Eppinghausen Bailey has had flattering success 
singing at Chatauqua this summer. The "Musical Courier" recently 
gave an excellent notice of her work. 

Misses Elma Patton. Dema Martin, Mae Hemphill, Elmina 
Lank, Donna Williamson, Blanche Clark, Carrie Little and Edith 
O'Dell have been pledged to Alpha Chi. 

Adeline Rowley studied in Chicago part of the summer. She 
will teach this year in Onarga, 111., where she will be associated with 
her sister, Miss Caroline, who has charge of the piano department in 
the school. 

The few members of Alpha who were in Greencastle this summer 
had the pleasure of meeting Mrs. Jean Whitcomb Fenn, of Beta, who 
visited her parents here. Mr. Whitcomb has been recently chosen 
pastor of the Greencastle Baptist church. 

BETA. Lina and Nellie Baum spent the summer with friends in 

Miss Jennie A. Worthington will continue to teach music in the 
Albion school. 

Miss Be.ssie Tefft will study Music with Miss Lilla Smart at De- 
troit, this year. 

Miss Eva Pratt goes October ist to Boston to continue her work 
in the Art School. 

Miss Clarissa Dickie will spend the winter in New York, study- 
ing with Dr. William Ma.son. 

Miss Grace Brown has returned to Lansing to resume her posi- 

20 The Lvre. 

tion in the School for the Blind. 

Miss Mabel Collins has the position of Assistant Principal in 
the Eaton Rapids High School this year. 

Miss Ora Woodvvorth and Alta Allen, '97, will take post gradu- 
ate work in Music, and continue college work. 

August 25 Miss Kather^'u Brandon was married in Chicago to 
Mr. Robert Harris. They w^ill live in Gambier, Ohio. 

Beta graduated four girls last June. Mabel Collins, (College), 
Bessie Tefft, Ora Woodworth, and Alta Mae Allen, (Piano). 

Miss Ethel Calkins will remove with her people from Big Rapids 
to Albion. Miss Calkins will continue to teach in the Conserva- 

Miss Louise Birchard and Miss Beatrice Breckenridge were in 
Chicago several weeks this summer. Miss Birchard taught Delsarte 
while there. 

Mrs. Martha Reynolds-Colby, Miss Harriet Reynolds, and Miss 
Lucie McMaster took part in the Epworth Assembly at Ludington 
during the summer. 

Miss Josephine Parker, of DePere, Wis., and Miss Katherine 
Roode, of Albion, Mich., attended the marriage of Miss Kalheryn 
Brandon in Chicago. 


Miss Theodora Chaffee spent the summer at the sea shore. 

Miss Grace Richardson visited in Michigan during August. 

Mrs. George A. Coe spent the summer at her old home in Cali- 

Misses Bulah and Jane Hough attended the reunion of Beta chap- 
ter in June. 

Miss Florence Harris, ot Beardstown, visited friends in Litch- 
field, Illinois. 

Miss Irene Stevens spent a few weeks of the summer at Free- 
port, Illinois. 

Miss Stella Chamblin, of Riverside, Cal., will study vocal music 

The Lyre, 2 1 

this year in Boston. 

Miss Cordelia Hanson, of Kenosha, Wis., has moved to 2147 
Sherwood Ave. , Evanston. 

Miss Elizabeth Patrick, ^96, of DesMoines, was visiting relatives 
in Michigan during the summer. Mabel Siller was the guest of Miss Alta Allen of Beta, dur- 
ing the reunion and college commencement. 

Miss Alice Grannis gave a recital at Balaton, Minn., where she 
was the guest of Amy Martin, who attended school here in 1895. 

Miss Mildred Mclntyre, of Memphis, Tenn., wmII be back this 
fall to continue her work under Sherwood. Her sister will accom- 
pany her. 


Miss Helen Orris has been visiting in Buffalo. 

Miss Florence E. Harper is visiting friends in Buffalo. 

Miss Flora Eastman has been spending the summer with her sis- 
ter in Lima, Ohio. 

Miss Grace Hammond has been enjoying an outing at Cleveland 
and on the Lakes. 

Miss Anna Ray expects to spend a part of the winter in New 
York studying voice. 

One of the Epsilon girls is to be with us this winter, we hear, to 
take post graduate work in the Conservatory. 

The Meadville Conservatory opens for the winter on August 31, 
and many of Alpha Chi's girls will return to work again. 

Miss May Graham has been elected teacher in the preparatory 
department of the Meadville Conservatory of music for the coming 

Miss Bertha Sackett has been making a tour of the Great Lakes 
and Miss Edith Roddy has just returned from Atiantic City and Phil- 

Miss L. Fay Barnaby returned home about the first of September 
after an absence of two months. She has been visiting relatives and 

2 2 The Lyre. 

friends in Ohio. 

The Misses Ogden are planning a trip to Chicago and Evanston, 
111., sometime during the winter. They go for vocal study and hope 
to meet many of the Gamma girls. 

Miss Fern Pickard, of Jamestown, N. Y., goes to New York City 
this fall for a period of about eight months, during which time she 
expects to continue her study of piano. 

A large number of "our girls" have been .summering at Chau- 
tauqua Lake; among whom are J. Arzella Horn, May Graham, Alta 
Moyer, Lucille Blodgett, Virginia Porter and others. 

Gertrude Helene Ogden has been organist of Christ Episcopal 
Church since June, in absence of Mr Comstock, the regular organist. 
She takes the position as soprano in the First Methodist Church in 


Cornelia Keep spent the summer at Kewport. 

Nellie Burton W\\\ resume her studies this fall- 

Ina Gothard has spent the summer visiting points of interest in 

Ora Millard has moved to Glendale, but expects to be with us 
occasionally this year. 

Bert Phelps who has been spending the summer at Long Beach 
has returned to Stanford. 

Delia Hoppin has accepted a position as assistant principal in 
the Ventura Business College. She has also a large music class. 

Nellie Green, Jessie Davis, Margaret Cook and Mrs. R. G. Van 
Cleve summered at Long Beach and had a most delightful outing. 

Suanna Hardwick returned to her home, lirie. Pa., in June. 
vShe expects to take post graduate work this year at Meadville, Pa. 

FOR SALE:-- -A fine new Washburn Mandolin. Address "The 
Lyre," Box 165. 

The Lyre. 23 

Chapter Letters. 


The girls of Beta are anxiously a\vaitinj( the beginning of the 
college year when we nia}' again enjoy the active chapter life and 
work, of which we are deprived in the. summer months. We hope 
for a splendid chapter and mean to work with more zeal than ever. 

The commencement season last June was marked by its usual 
festivities and in all of the good times Alpha Chi took a prominent 
part, and happy days indeed did they prove for us. Still there was a 
little sadness mingled with our joy as we thought that a few of the 
sisters would not be with us this fall. But however far away one of 
"our girls'' may go we feel sure she will always retain her loyalty. 

July first, the twenty Alpha Chis who were still in Albion en- 
joyed a picnic at vSpectacle Lake. Such a good time we had! And 
although, just before our return, the "rains descended" in a manner 
not to be described, we felt that the day was one long to be remem- 

As there are a number of resident girls in Albion during the 
summer, we have had several informal "spreads" in our Lodge, and 
thus have kept active our fraternity enthusiasm. Just now we are 
busily engaged in making a scarlet and olive flag which wmII be 
ready to wave its welcome to the "new girls" who may enter college 
this fall. 

We already have many plans for the coming year and hope to 
make it the best in our history. It is with much pleasure that we 
anticipate the honor of entertaining the Convention in the spring, 
and even this early, we would urge the other chapters to make an ef- 
fort to send us just as many representatives as possible. 

Beta sends love to all the chapters and sincerely hopes that, for 
us all, the new \'ear may prove a most successful one. 

Alta Mak Allkn. 

24 The Lyre, 


How do you do my Friends: 

Perhaps you do not recognize me, but I am Delta's goat, and 
they say I'm a fine one. Do you wonder why I am writing this let- 
ter? I descended from a family not remarkably famous for its literary 
pursuits. I'm sure you are surprised so I'll tell you just how it hap- 

In June our girls had a great many spreads, and they fed me all 
sorts of dainties until I almost forgot there were ever days of hunger 
and famine. When they got me in a good humor (for I'm not always 
angelic) they tried to make me promise to look after Alpha Chi here 
this summer for all the girls were going off for a vacation. I said I 
had as much right to a vacation as they had; that they must remem- 
ber they dwelt in an old attic while I was an aristocratic goat, and if 
they weren't careful I'd leave. I also remarked that I had made 
things lively fcJr each one when they were initiated and that I could 
do it again, so I wouldn't stay alone, and I enforced my reply with 
my heels and horns as is the custom of my family, but it was all in 
vain and they left me, frantically shaking my head. 

Why they wanted to go I can't see for they seemed to be having 
a gay enough time here, but as the days went by and they didn't re- 
turn to me I decided they had really gone, and there I was with 
nothing to beguile the long hours unless I should devour the frater- 
nity bric-a-brac as a substitute for the traditional diet of tin cans. 
To be sure, they did leave a few old copies of the Musical Courier 
but I don't read much; my eyes are poor. 

The reKponsibiltiy of looking after Alpha Chi's interests have 
weighed so heavily on me that I have lost my appeiite, hence the 
bric-a-brac is safe, but I'm getting so thin that unless my guardians 
return soon they will only have a finely articulated skeleton. The 
thought brings tears to my eyes and I weep not crocodile tears but 
honest goat ones. 

But e'er this reaches you they will probably have come back once 
more and will be entertaining this girl and that and flying about, 
and talking and smiling and looking so mysterious, that even I 
shan't know which girls I shall have the honor of taking for a ride 

The Lyre. 25 

and which are likely to miss that exciting trip. 

Then they will talk over the places they have been, the good 
times they have had and the wonderful things they are about to do, 
until I shall be in such a whirl that I shall feel as if I were standing 
on my horns. 

Ah well, I guess a goat's future will take care of itself as well 
as a person's, so I will not worry but will close this mighty effort by 
sending good wishes to all the other little Alpha Chi goats, and hop- 
ing they have all the nice grass and big tin cans they want to eat. 

I am, yours sincerely, 


Edith J. Roddy, Corresponding Secretary. 

26 The Lyre. 

Historical Sketches. 



The first musical Greek letter fraternity came into existence in 
the School of Music of DePauw University, Greencastle, Ind. There 
was in the beginning no intention of establishing a permanent organ- 
ization, much less a new feature in fraternities. A few congenial 
spirits among the music school girls had banded themselves together 
for musical and social improvement and had appealed to James Ham- 
ilton Howe, Dean of the school, for assistance in planning a course 
of study. The power of the Greek letter societies in shaping and 
controlling student life in the College of Liberal Arts suggested to the 
far-seeing Dean the advisability of introducing such a factor into his 
department. So through his influence and aid the Alpha chapter of 
Alpha Chi Omega was founded Oct. 15, i«'<85. There were seven 
charter members: Bessie Grooms, Anna Allen, Estelle Leonard, 
Olive Burnett, Ella Farthing, Suda West and Nellie Gamble. 

The new fraternity was introduced to the public by a Musical 
Soiree given by Dean Howe in honor of its members, and he further 
honored the chapter by dedicating to it his "System of Piano Tech- 
nique." Musical, literary and social work was planned for the year, 
which was a successful one. The entire enrollment numl>ering sev- 
enteen active members and five honorary ones, artists and members 
of the faculty. The second year found the chapter considerably re- 
duced in numbers but dauntless in spirit. The first anniversary was 
celebrated at the home of Miss Anna Allen, now Mrs. Harrv Smith, 
and a few weeks later a reception was given. 

Feeling firmly established Alpha now began to turn her atten- 
tion to the extention of her fraternity to other colleges. After some 
time a desirable opening was found in Albion College, and there Beta 
chapter was eslablished in June of '87, by Alpha's delegates, Misses 
Bertha Denison and Mary Jones. The fraternit}' was now on a na- 
tional basis but owing to the conservatism which has always charac- 

The Lyre. 27 

terized Alpha Chi Omega, chapters multiplied slowly. 

The event of Alpha's third year was the initiation of Madame 
Fannie Bloomfield Zeisler, and a reception given in her honor. The 
year of '90-'9i was a memorable one for Alpha. During this year 
she helped establish Gamma, at Evanston, III., and Delta, at Mead- 
ville, Pa. In the spring of '91 she sent Misses Janet Wilson and 
Anne Cowperthwaite to hold a conference with Beta on several im- 
portant matters of general interest, and in the fall of the same year 
entertained the first general convention of the fraternity. The year 
of '92 marked an epoch in Alpha's history, the possession of a frater- 
nity home. Thus far the "frat" meetings had been held wherever a 
place could be found, but through the kindness of Dean Howe a cou- 
ple of practice rooms an the fourth floor of Music Hall were secured 
by the fraternity. At first the small room was used as a "goat" room 
and as Alpha's goat, even in his infancy, was very athletic and ac- 
tive (as many Chis can testify) elaborate furnishings were unneces- 
sary. The large room was fitted up, however, and the walls stained 
and floor painted, a piano, a few chairs, rugs, curtains, window seat 
and cushions made this a cosy homelike nook in which with great 
rejoicing Alpha setup her home. The possession of a "frat home" 
gave a new and deeper meaning to fraternity life and Alpha's girls 
will doubtless nnite with us in saying that many of the pleasantest 
hours of college life were spent within its precincts. The sacrifice 
and efforts made for its attainment and improvement endeared it all 
the more to each one and the common interest united the members. 

In the fall of this year Alpha sent Misses Mayme Jennings and 
Daisy Steele and Mrs. Ella Best to represent the chapter in the sec- 
ond national convention at Albion, and the next year Misses Jen- 
nings, Laura Marsh and Minnie Magill were the delegates to the con- 
vention held with Gamma at Evanston, 111. At this convention 
Alpha was assigned the publication of a fraternity journal to be called 
**The Lyre." Under the editorship of Mayme Jennings one number 
of this was issued in June, '94. In the convention of '94 Beta was 
made Grand Chapter, an office hitherto held by Alpha. The year of 
'95 enrolled over thirty names on Alpha's chapter roll, over twenty 
of them initiated members. Alpha Chis were in the majority in 
the ** Lorelei Club." and oratorio concerts. In the rendition 

28 The Lyre. 

of "The Messiah" six of the solos were given by members of the 
chapter. The literary work of this year "The Musical Tourist's 
Club," was worked out in a systematic and well connected way. 
Tableaux readings and parloi lectures at the homes of the resident 
members and in the parlors of Woman's Hall varied the ordinary 
routine. There were several small social functions this year and one 
large reception given at the home of Mrs. Anna Allen Smith. 

Alpha was represented in the convention of '96 at Meadville, Pa., 
bv Miss Ida Steele, and through her extended a welcome to her 
new sisters, Epsiloh, of the University of Southern California, Los 
Angeles, and Zeta, of the New England Conservatory. In this con- 
vention Alpha was made permanent Grand Chapter. 

The outlook for Alpha at the beginning of '96-'97 was very dis- 
couraging. Three initiated members and tv»'o pledges who would not 
be eligible for initiation within the year constituted a chapter whose 
assigned work for the year was the publication of "The Lyre," and 
the entertainment of a national convention. Fortunatel}' the three 
active members. Misses Rutledge, Janet Wilson and Lucy Andrews 
were true and tried Alpha Chis who knew no "Waterloo," and their 
vigorous and heroic campaign soon added new names to the chapter 
roll. The second term the return of three old Chis and the addition 
of a few new ones made an enrollment of twelve initiated and ten 
pledged members. Although not so large as some former chapters 
yet it was the equal of any in efficiency and enterprise and in no year 
has Alpha accomplished more than in the one just past. vSocially 
there was unusual activity. During the year a number of spreads 
and informal "at homes" were given at the hemes of the resident 
members, Misses Janet Wilson and Helen Birch, and in the fraternity 
rooms. The event of the second term, the initiation of Maude Powell, 
was followed by a reception in her honor at Woman's Hall at which 
about .seventy-five guests were entertained. The third term was en- 
livened by the social features of the national convention. An after- 
noon Recital was given in Music hall by representatives of the different 
chapters to a large audience of initiated guests. The reception in 
honor of the delegates in the parlors of Woman's Hall, to over four 
hundred guests was universally declared to be a >;reat social event, 
not onl}' in the history of the fraternity but of the University as well; 

The Lyre, 29 

and last but not least the fraternity banquet at Mt. Meridian. An 
enormous amount of business connected with the convention and 
'*Lyre" was promptly discharged, each member faithfully performing 
her part. 

The active members of the chapter thoroughly appreciated the 
hearty cooperation of many nonactive and absent Alphas in their ard- 
uous work of the year. "The Lyre/' through the enterprise of its 
editor, Janet Wilson, was made a quarterly publication and two num- 
bers issued, one in March and one in June. Of all the work of the 
year Alpha views with the greatest pride and satisfaction her part in 
the publication of "The Lyre" and in the face of all obstacles efforts 
have been made to place it in the lead of fraternity publications. 
Fraternity work was not allowed to interfere with school duties. Six 
recitals, one senior and five Junior were given by Alpha Chis, and 
the chapter was well represented in the Lorelei Club, chorus and or- 
chestra and all concerts and recitals of the school. 

We will close this sketch with a hasty review of Alpha's twelve 
years in college and out. Of our eighteen alumni eleven were gradu- 
ates of the School of Music: Mrs. Anna Allen Smith, Mrs. Anna 
Bunger McCurdy, Mrs. Eudora Marshall Esterbrook and Misses 
Ethel Sutherlin, Estelle Leonard, Flora Van Dyke, Jessie Fox, Ade- 
line Rowley, Grace Wilson, Helen Birch and Helen O'Dell. Mrs. 
Libbie Price Neff, Mrs. Daisy Steele Wilson and Misses Janet Wilson, 
Ida Steele and Feme Wood hold diplomas from the College of Lib- 
eral Arts. Misses Mayme Jennings and Zella Marshall were gradu- 
ates of both schools. Several of this number have been identified 
with the faculties of various colleges. Mrs. Anna Allen Smith was 
f^r several years a teacher in piano in her Alma Mater and Misses 
Sutherlin and Leonard held similar positions in other conservatories. 
Mrs. Esterbrooke is Dean of the Music School in Nebraska Wesleyan; 
Miss Fox is one of the piano in.structors in the University of Illinois, 
Champaign, while the other Chis of '95, Misses Jennings and Row- 
ley, are at the head of voice departments in Huntsville, Ala., and On- 
arga. 111., respectfully. Miss McReynolds, who left DePauw before 
the completion of her course to study in Germany, has opened the 
McReynolds-Koehle Music School in Washington, D. C. Misses 
Myrtle Wilder and Anna Cowperthwaite, who also went abroad for 

30 The Lyre. 

study, have established studios at their homes. A number of Alpha's 
alumni and undergraduates are teachers of private classes in various 

While congratulating herself on the achievements of twelve years 
Alpha does not forget the timely assistance and sympathy of friends. 
She deeply appreciates the constant aid and support of the faculty of 
the school and resident friends, and the inspiring interest in her wel- 
fare shown by her honorary members. From this backward glance 
she gleans many pleasant memories and much hope for the future 
prosperity of Alpha Chi Omega. 

Helen C. O'Dell. 



On May 27, 1887, at Albion College, Albion, Mich., Beta Chap- 
ter of Alpha Chi Omega was established by Misses Bertha Deniston 
and Mary Jones, of Alpha. At this time Alpha Chi Omega was the 
only musical Greek letter fraternity in existence. The first meeting 
of the chapter, after organization, was held May 3otli, 1887, when 
the first officers were elected. The next school year opened in Sep- 
tember, 1887, with a membership of three for Beta; but during the 
term three more were added to the number. At the first meeting of 
the term a motion was made to interview President Fisk concerning 
a hall. For the time being, however, the meetings were held at the 
homes of the girls or in some room of the Conservatory. In the 
spring of 1888, rooms in the Central College building were finished 
off for use, and Beta was supremely happy. 

On the evening of June 13th, of the same year, the first open 
banquet of the chapter was given at the home of Miss Jennie A. 
Worthington. The first enterprise for raising money was an Art 
Loan, October 6th, 1888. On March loth, 18S9, occurred the first 
public recital, which surpassed all expectations. Since then Beta 
has given annual concerts, always wMth great success. 

During 1890 Beta assisted Alpha in establishing Gamma chapter 

The Lyre, 31 


in Northwestern University, at Evanston, Illinois, and Delta chap- 
ter in Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania. October 20th 
to 23d, 1 89 1, occurred the first general convention of Alpha Chi 
Omega, at DePauw University, Alpha being the entertaining chap- 
ter. The second convention was held at Albion, Mich., February 
22nd to 24th, 1893, delegates from each chapter being present. This 
w^ill ever be remembered by all participants as a most enjoyable occa- 
sion. These were but the beginnings of Beta's success. Although 
she had been constantly improving her Chapter Hall, and was happy 
in her pro.sperity, she had an eager desire to a home of her 
own. So, by untiring energy and sacrifice, she succeeded in 1895 in 
erecting and furnishing a Chapter Lodge which will ever be a credit 
to Alpha Chi Omega. The opening reception was given December 
nth, 1895. It was pronounced by all to be the chief social event of 
the season, but for her only marked the beginning of many pleasant 
hours to be spent in her new home. 

For ten years Beta has enjoyed a prosperous exi.stence, and her 
roll now numbers about one hundred. Many of this number have 
graduated with high honors, and all are filling successfully their 
positions in life. The aim of the chapter, like that of the general fra- 
ternity, is not merely to secure advancement in a musical and literary 
way, but also to procure a wide culture through the united efforts of 
the members. Its principles are ennobling, and are held sacred by 
every loyal Alpha Chi. That the strings of the Lyre may ever respond 
to the touch of noble, true-hearted women; that the individual chords 
may unite in one perfect harmony of unselfish devotion to the uplift- 
ing of womankind, is the earnest desire of each wearer of the badge 
of Alpha Chi Omega. Alt.\ Mae Aixkn. 

HISTORY OK thp: chaptkk. 

Gamma, of Alpha Chi Omega, was established at Northwestern 
University, at Evanston, Illinois, on Nov. 14, 1890, by Miss Alta 


Roberts of Alpha, and Jean Whitcomb of Beta. At a meeting held 

32 The Lyre. 

the next day the first officers of the chapter were elected. Those who 
were fortunate enough to be chosen as charter members were Lizzie 
Stein, Mae Burdick, Mary Walker, Lulu Piatt, Mary Stanford, Jean- 
nette Marshall and Mary Satterfield. By the end of the school year 
four new members were initiated; so our first year proved to be a very 
prosperous one. 

In January, 1891, Mary Satterfield was elected delagate to Mead- 
ville, Pa., to assist in the establishment of Delta chapter. At our 
weekly meetings we had musical programs which were held some- 
times at the frat room and other times at the different homes. Our 
first social event was a musicale held at the home of Miss Stanford, 
to which our friends were invited. 

The next year most of the old girls were back again and four 
new ones were initiated. In the spring of this school year occurred 
the second general convention, which was the first one for Gamma. 
It was held at Albion, Mich., Feb. 22, 23 and 24, 1892. The dele- 
gates whom we sent were Mary Stanford and Kl Fleda Coleman. They 
reported a very charming time, and were more enthusiastic than ever 
for Alpha Chi. The next year, i892-'93, we enjoyed a rather large 
chapter, as we initiated seven more girls during the year. Numer- 
ous informal social evenings were enjoyed now that the chapter was 
stronger, the different girls entertaining at their homes. 

The first frat room which Gamma had was at the home of one of 
the girls. We furnished it very tastefully and enjoyed it extremely 
as it w^as the frat's first real home. Gamma had the pleasure of enter- 
taining the convention Februarj' 28, March i and 2, 1894, which 
proved a great help to the chapter. The delegates present from the 
other chapters were: Alpha, Laura Marsh, Mamie Jennings and 
Minnie Magill: Beta, Harriet Lovejoy, Cora Harrington and Irene 
Clark; Delta. Charlotte Weber and Mary Graham. We were enter- 
tained by Miss Stanford on Wednesday. On Thursday evening a 
reception and musicale was given by Gamma to its friends in honor 
of the visiting delegates, at the home of Ella Young. 

The delegates and local chapter attended the Thomas concert at 
the Auditorium, Chicago, on Friday afternoon, after whtch the con- 
vention banquet was held at the Grand Pacific Hotel. An elaborate 

The Lyre, 33 

menu was served. Miss El Fleda Coleman was toastmistress. 

When Mrs. Mary Howe-Lavin, prima donna, honorary member 
of Alpha Chi Omega gave a concert in Chicago April 19, 1894, Gam- 
ma chapter sent her a large boquet of red carnations and smilax, and 
received a very cordial note of thanks in return. 

In the year *94-*95 we had to give up ourfrat hall but found an- 
other at the Monnett House which we occupied for two years. 

The fall term of '95 we initiated Mrs. George A. Coe, of the fac- 
ulty of the School of Music. Since Ihen we have spent many delight- 
ful evenings at her home. 

During the winter Mme. Fanny Bloomfield-Zeissler gave a con- 
cert at Central Music Hall, Chicago, which the entire Gamma chap- 
ter attended in a body. We presented her with a hugh boquet of 
scarlet carnations, and to show her appreciation she received us very 
cordially in the green room after the concert. 

The Convention was held at Meadville with Delta April 8, 9 and 
10, 1896. Gamma chapter being represented by Florence Harris and 
Lillian Siller. 

The chapter having strengthened steadily we now have several 
town girls, who of course we were very glad to get as the chapter was 
not so broken up at the end of the year. At the next convention held 
at Greencastle with Alpha March 30, 31, April i and 2, 1897, Mabel 
Siller was sent as delegate. This convention, as all the previous 
ones, proved a great help to Gamma in making us more enthusiastic 
workers for Alpha Chi Omega. Lillian Siller. 



In January of 1895, a number of girls of the School of Music, Uni 
versity of Southern California, met and organized themselves into a 
local musical club. We sometimes think that this was providential; 
for not long after, Mr. Garrett, one of the prominent members of the 
Sigma Chi fraternity, received a communication from a brother in 
the East, written at the request of a chapter, the Alpha Chi Omega 
Sorority, asking about the desirability of establishing a chapter of the 
sorority in our university. Mr. Garrett, knowing of the existence of 
our club, and realizing what a boon it would be to our school to have 

34 The Lyre, 

a chapter established here, conferred with Mr. VanCleve, another Sig- 
ma Chi, after communicating with the eastern brother and finding 
out all the pros and cons of the case they laid the matter before the 
girls, giving us such advice as they, as frat. men, deemed advisable. 
It is needless to say that we girls, after inquiring into the matter, 
were wild with delight and felt highly honored. Fortunately, one of 
our club members, had a cousin who was a member of Alpha chap- 
ter. And through this cousin we carried on such correspondence as 
was necessary to get into direct communication with the active mem- 
bers of the sorority. After very little delay we petitioned for a chap- 
ter of Alpha Chi Omega to be placed in our university, and, after 
what seemed to us a long time, though in reality a comparatively 
short time, we received word from our eastern sisters to prepare for 
the joyful event of announcing ourselves to the fraternity world. Our 
petition had been granted and we were to receive all necessary docu- 
ments as soon as possible. Accordingly, we prepared our announce- 
ment cards with care, sending one to each of the three fraternities in 
our school, viz: Sigma Chi, Kappa Alpha Theta and Delta Gamma. 

On commencement morning we occupied seats reserved for us, 
all proudly wearing our colors of scarlet and olive. In the afternoon 
of that same day Kappa Alpha Theta gave a reception in our honor, 
and as soon as school opened in the fall Delta Gamma followed suit. 
As we had no opportunity of giving a reception before school closed 
we gave one at its opening, and it was pronounced by all the social 
event of the season. Since then we have led a very healthy, hearty 
life. Our intercourse with each other has been delightful. We have 
initiated eleven girls and have not been disappointed in one of them. 
We all feel we cannot be too thankful that we are so fortunate as to 
be numbered among the members of Alpha Chi Omega. For not 
only are we drawn closer together in every way, but we are filled 
with a desire to do great things for our sorority and thus better re- 
sults are obtained in our work. 

Our new school year is just about to open and we hope to do much 
during the coming days. The future will show what we may achieve. 
But whether success or failure awaits us we know that none can be 
more loyal, more expectant of good, more sanguine for the future of 
Alpha Chi Omega than Epsilon. N. Louise Van Cleve. 

The Lyre. 35 



'Twas in the closing days of '85 
When Mystery, in Music Hall, held sway. 
With ceremonies veiled, there came to stay 
A something weird to which no Barbs survive 
An introduction. 'Tho its victims strive 
Its guise, so awe-inspiring to portray, 
They fail. Collision only can convey 
A knowledge of the power that makes alive 
A Greek, and weds her to the Golden Lyre. 
Intangible, yet sure authority — 
Inspiring fear — constraining to admire — 
Inciting courage when a Barb is shy — 
Urging daughters of Music to climb higher — 
Such is the sturdy goat of Alpha Chi. 


Cincinnati, O., September, 1897. 

Song Book Notice. 

Gamma chapter having the publication of the new song book in 
charge takes this opportunity of reminding the different chapters, that 
each chapter is expected to furnish at least five songs both music and 
words. These songs must be sent to us by February ist. or earlier. 
If any of the Alumnae or non-active members of Alpha Chi will write 
songs for us they will be highly appreciated as we wish to make our new 
song book as complete as possible. If any one will compose Alpha 
Chi Waltzes, Marches etc. they would be a great addition to the book. 
Please send everything of the kind to 

Lillian Siller, 831 Foster St., Evanston, 111. 

The best means of culture is singing. Music is at home a friend, 
abroad an introduction, in solitude a solace, in society an ornament. 
We heartily agree with the following beautiful quotation: "Praise 
is God's gift to man; the only art of heaven given to earth; and the 
only art of earth that we can take to heaven." — -Journal of Educa- 

36 The Lyre. 

----- - - - — - — 1 _ J ■ ■ "^ 

Beta's Tenth Anniversary 

On June i8th and 19th, 1897, ^^^^ o^ Alpha Chi Oraega celebrated 
her tenth Anniversary b)j a Chapter Reunion. The occasion proved 
a most delightful one and will always be fondly remembered by 
those who were present. Many or our Alumnae returned and their 
presence was an inspiration for the active girls. We were also very 
glad to have with us, Miss Mabel Siller and the Misses Jane andBulah 
Hough, of Gamma Chapter. Fifty-two loyal Alpha Chis, in all and 
glad indeed we were to be known as Alpha Chis. 

On the afternoon of June 18th, occurred the reunion musicale. The 
musicale was followed by a six o'clock Tea, where the girls discarded 
all formality and had a royal good time. In the evening came a 
Mock Wedding and Initiation, when two loyal girls, Elizabeth Per- 
kins and Susie Ferine, were added to our number. 

Saturday afternoon we received the Faculty and Fraternities in the 
Lodge which was very prettily decorated with the fraternity flowers. 
Ices were served in the dining-room. The afternoon was a most pleas- 
ant one for guests and hostesses. 

On Saturday evening came the crowning pleasure, our Reunion 
Banquet, which can never be forgotten. 

After the banquet the following Toasts were given : 
Toastmistress, Frances Theresa Dissetle^ 'pf, 

"Here's health to those that we love. 

Here's health to those that love us; 

Here's health to those that love them 

That love us." 

How We Did It, Jennie Amelia Worthington, '86, 

"I have begun to plant thee, and will 

Labor to make thee full of growing." 

Before and After, Susan Adeline Ferine, *oi, 

**A11 thy vexations were but the trials of thy 

Love, and thou hast strangely stood the test." 

New Strings to the Lyre, Mabel Collins^ '97. 

"Come listen all unto my song," 

Song: Rallying Song. 
Onr Grecian Knights, Ada Dickie, 'g8. 

The Lyre, 37 

*' Worthy fellows are like to prove most sinewy swordsmen.** 

Memories of Greekdom, Janette Allen-Ciishman, 'pj. 

**Still o'er these scenes my memory wakes, 

And fondly broods with wiser care.*' 

Evolution of the Fraternity Girl, E^a Simpson, 

**But happy they! The happiest ot their kind." 

Song: Alpha Chi and Glory. 
Our Billy, Katherine Roode, 

**You are afraid if you see him loose, are you not?" 

Alpha Chi Forever! Louise Bir chard, 

**The best of happiness, honor and fortunes keep with her." 

As the girls left for their homes, regretting that the Reunion was 
"all over," we all knew that we had more unity of purpose than ever 
before in the history of the Chapter. We felt with renewed power 
our love for Alpha Chi. 

Thus have the first ten years of Beta's life become a thing of the 
past. And now, as we enter on our second decade, it is with high 
aspirations and noble purposes, May we as a chapter faithfully do 
our part to maintain the high standard Alpha Chi Omega has attained. 

Alta Mae Allen. 

38 The Lyre, 



I wish to assert that the facts mentioned in the two chapters of Chronicles 
are absolutely true, though I will admit they have a fictitious sound. Origin- 
ally the Chronicles were not written for publication, but merely for the amuse- 
ment of the five girls concerned. Then it was decided to read them at the Re- 
union and thus make known for the first time what had been done. The second 
chapter tells how this was accomplished 

We wish it understood that none of this was done for meanness Sigma 
Chi has always been one of our best friends, and is yet. It was done for a joke 
and has made a great deal of fun for all of us. F. T. D. 

Chapter I. 

And it came to pass in the year eighteen hundred and* ninety- 
seven, that a great and powerful tribe dwelt in the land of the Albion- 
ites. And they called themselves Alpha Chis. And in the month of 
May, about the seventh day of the month, eight maidens of this tribe 
did beseech eight youths of the tribe of Sigma Chi to partake of the 
fruit of the olive tree and other food, in the temple of the tribe of 
Alpha Chi. And they did eat and drink together, and sang many 
songs of their tribes. And at an early hour they departed, each to 
his separate tent. 

Now it came to pass on the second day of the week following, 
three virgins of the tribe of Alpha Chi journeyed to the temple for 
the purpose of gathering up the fragments. There was Ora, daugh- 
ter of Woodworth; Jennie, who is fond of much Reid-m%\ and she of 
the golden locks, whose surname is Disbrow. And they gathered of 
the fragments a great basketful; and Ora, thinking within herself to 
burn the waste pieces, did descend to that part of the temple contain- 
ing the fiery furnace. And she burneth them there. 

Now the tribe of Alpha Chis are fond of much sport, insomuch 
that they had purchased for the purpose of affrighting timid damsels 
a huge box. such as is used for burying the dead. This did repose 
within the lower regions of the temple, and Ora gazeth about her for 
it. And lo! it is not there. And behold, she remaineth so long in 
the region of the fiery furnace, that the other damsels are dismayed, 

The Lyre. 39 

by reason that she doth not return. And they, too, descend to the 
lower regions. And Ora hastened and said unto them: "Did we not 
purchase the box of wood?" And the other maidens answered and 
said, "Yea, with many pieces of silver did we purchase it!" And 
when they did see that the box was not, they lifted up their voices 
and wept; and behold, the temple was filled with the sound of wail- 
ing and gnashing of teeth. And they did think that perchance the 
box might be buried in the sand, and they did sieze shovels and did 
attempt to dig. But by reason of the hardness of the soil, they did 
desist, and cried as with one voice, "The tribe of Sigma Chi hath 
wrought this sin in our temple! Woe unto her from whose hand they 
did receive the keys to our gates!" And they did decide to tell no 
youth or maiden what tliey had discovered. But as time went by, 
and they knew not what to do, they did journey to the place of one 
Ferine, a merchant, and did tell his scribe, who is also one of the 
tribe of Alpha Chi. And when they had made an end of their tale 
of woe, they did plot together as to what they should do. And the 
scribe did vow a vow to assist them in recovering the box from that 
tribe whose deeds are evil. 

And behold, at eventide a youth whose surname is Shipp, and 
who keepeth the gates of the temple of Sigma Chi, doth journey to 
the tent of the scribe, whose name is Frances, and as Delilah of old 
did beguile Sampson, so doth Frances beguile the youth, until he 
falleth asleep. And as soon as she is sure that he doth sleep soundly, 
she removeth from his pocket the ring on which are no less than nine 
and forty keys. But trusting to luck, she doth take from the ring 
the key which she thinketh will unlock the gates of the Sigma Chi 
temple. Then lest the youth should be feigning slumber, and should 
perceive that she hath the keys, she throweth them to the kitten, and 
jingleth them about. After a time she returneth the ring of keys to 
the pockets of the youth, but retaineth the one key, and concealeth 
it in the bosom of her robe. And when the ninth hour had come the 
youth awoke and journeyed to his own tent, none the wiser for the 
missing key. 

At the break of day on the fifth day of the week, Frances hast- 
ened to her companions, and did lell them of her success. And they 
rejoiced together. This day being the contest of horns, they decided 

40 The Lyre, 

among themselves to journey to the temple of the Sigs at a very late 
hour; and, if perchance they find the box, to return with it to the 
temple of the Alpha Chis. 

Now when eve'n had come, and all the people of the city were at 
the contest of horns, Frances hastened to the temple of the Sigma 
Chis, (for she did fear greatly that she had the wrong key.) With 
much trembling she did reach the door, inserted the key, and behold! 
it did turn with ease. With great joy she returned to her tent to 
await the coming of the other damsels. 

Now Jennie, who doeth much ^«V/-ing, did dwell in the house 
of one Collins, and shared the couch of Mabel, daughter of Collins. 
And in order to keep her going out and her coming in a secret from 
the rest of the household, some of whom were of the Sig tribe, Jen- 
nie revealeth the secret to Mabel. And after the eleventh hour these 
two virgins hasten to the house of Frances, and with her wait anx- 
iously for the coming of Grace and Ora. And close on to the twelfth 
hour these other two damsels arrive; and with an unlighted candle in 
their hands the five wend their way towards the temple of Sigma 
Chi. And a great fear was within their hearts by reason that it was 
exceedingly light, the moon being high. And there was also much 
confu.sion in the streets, by reason that one of the Sigma Chi tribe 
had won the contest of horns. But they did reach the gate of the 
temple in safety, and with much joy they turn the key, the door 
opens, and the five damsels stand within the court of the temple. 
They then advance to the door of the inner court, which doth lead to 
the lower regions. But the door is locked, and they cry out with 
dismay. And when they have looked closely they see that the key 
is in the lock, and they open the door and enter the inner court. 

And behold, the door to the lower regions they find is fastened 
only by a bolt of iron. And with great joy they light their candle 
and descend the steps. But their searches reveal no trace of the 
missing treasure, and a fear doth possess them that their search may 
be in vain. 

[Of all the dark mysteries which abound in the lower region of the 
Sigma Chi temple, I am not permitted to make mention.] 

With sinking hearts and bones that are waxing feeble from fear, 
the five 7iise virgins ascend the steps to the most remote part of the 

The Lyre, 4 1 

temple. And they peer beneath the tapestries, and at length with 
much joy, Frances, who doth bear the candle, crieth out, "Behold, 
my sisters! There in the farthest corner under the tapestries, lies our 
precious box!" And they seize it, and draw it from beneath the 
drapery; and when they had done this they did embrace one another, 
and, in their great joy, did laugh and clap their hands. But, 
behold, the box was exceeding heavy, and the passage was exceed- 
ing narrow, insomuch that it seemed impossible to remove the box to 
the lower court. Nevertheless the damsels had great strength by rea- 
son of their joy, and in course of much time the deed was accom- 
plished, and the box reposed in the outer court of the temple. And 
when the maidens had restored everything to order, even so that one 
could not know that they had been in the temple, they did descend to 
the lower court, and viewed the coast to see if by any reason it be not 
clear for them. And there they did join hands and vow to keep the 
proceedings of this night a secret until this time, — when the scribe 
doth now reveal it. And when they had waited for some time, they 
did seize the box, and turned their steps away from the temple of 
Sigma Chi. And by dint of much resting at last they bring the box 
to their own temple, and again deposit it in the lower regions, where 
it doth repose unto this day. 

And now Frances doth worry much in her mind what to do with 
the key she has in her possession. And the other maidens did come 
to her rescue; and Mabel, daughter of Collins, did take the key and 
did ascend to the house where dwelt the youth surnamed Shipp, And 
when she found that the door to the youth's apartments was fastened 
she did hurl the key from her. And it may be that it remaineth 
there even now. And behold, these five virgins wist not if the Sig. 
tribe had discovered their trick. Nevertheless that tribe will doubt- 
less maintain a discreet silence as to the matter. And so, with much 
gratitude for the kindness of the sisters, I will close this, the first 
chapter of Revelations, of the deviltr>' of Sigma Chi. 

Chaptkr II. 

Now when the first chapter of the Chronicles had been written 
and bound in parchment, Frances, the scribe, taketh them to the 
other four damsels, and they rejoice over their victory. And the 

42 The Lyre. 

other maidens each wish a copy of the document, and it is therefore 
left in their hands. And they did vow to keep the document from 
the eyes of the other damsels of the tribe of Alpha Chi, until the tribe 
was all called together in the month of June, as was their custom. 

Now two youths of the tribe of Sigma Chi did dwell in the same 
house with Jennie and Mabel, daughter of Collins. And the names 
of the youths were Niel, of the house of Hamblen, and Frank who 
doeth the R€id-\\\% of which Jennie is fond. And when the Sabbath 
was come, the 13th day of the month of June, the damsel Jennie 
goeth up to the synagogue with the other righteous people of the 
house. But the two youths were possessed of evil spirits, and re- 
mained at home. And they remembered a certain picture possessed 
by the damsel Jennie, and they did covet the picture, insomuch that 
they made bold to enter her apartments. But their search for the 
much desired article was in vain, and they were about to return to 
their own tents when their eyes were attracted by the parchment cov- 
ers of the Chronicles. Woe unto the day when they remained away 
from -the synagogue! Woe unto the evil spirits which did possess 
them! ! And when they perceive that the document above beareth 
the crest of the Alpha Chi tribe, and hath upon its cover a drawing 
of the coffin, they open the covers and begin to read. And they did 
see that it concerned their tribe, and did read to the close. Now 
these two youths were innocent of the first act of deviltry of their 
tribe, neither did they know that the property of the damsels' tribe 
had ever been in the Sigma Chi temple. [Of the two youths who 
were guilty of that first act, it is not becoming that I should speak.] 
But when they had read the Chronicles, the youths, Niel and Frank, 
did see that the tribe of Alpha Chi had triumphed over the tribe of 
Sigma Chi. And they did thirst for revenge. Therefore they made 
haste to copy the document, and hardly was their task completed 
when the righteous people of the house did return from the syna- 
gogue. And the youths did feign slumber, so that the damsels 
thought of no evil. But when they did proceed to the house of one 
Mary, who giveth them meat and drink, they did meet there the 
youth whose surname is Shipp, and from whom Frances did beguile 
the keys. And they did tell him the things the}' had seen. But they 
did tell no other member of the Sig tribe. And they laid plans to- 

The Lyre. 43 

gether to spoil the plot of the damsels. 

Now on Wednesday of this same week, the three youths of that 
tribe whose deeds are evil, met together, and »vaited until the dark- 
ness of the night. And when that time had come, they entered the 
temple of the Alpha Chis by means of an unbarred window. And 
again they removed the coffin to the Sigma Chi temple and concealed 
it there. Then they retired to their apartments, making merry at the 
thought of the dismay of the five virgins. But the task of the youths 
was not yet complete. The next night they did remove the coffin 
from their temple, and proceeded to finish their plans. Verily, the 
three youths were in league with Beelzebub. They procured tools, 
and with a great deal of labor succeeded in digging a hugh grave be- 
fore the main entrance to the Alpha Chi temple; and there they bur- 
ied the coffin, after placing in it a copy of the Chronicles, bound in 
parchment and tied with the colors of the two tribes. And when 
their task was completed and the mound heaped up so that it resem- 
bled the grave of a giant, they departed well tired out, for the sun was 
beginning to rise. 

Now the day following was to be the day ot Reunion for all the 
Alpha Chis, to which day the five virgins had looked forward for 
many weeks, as the time when the other damsels would hear the 
Chronicles, and learn of the brave deeds of the five. 

And when morning had come, Emma, of the house of Phelps, 
did journey to the temple in order to make all things ready. And 
when she had come near to the temple she did perceive the grave, 
and becoming affrighted, she hastened to the house where dwell the 
damsels Mabel and Jennie, and did tell them. And they laughed 
her to scorn for they thought that her eyes had deceived her. And 
they accompanied her to the temple, and when they did see that the 
damsel Emma was right, they cried aloud in anguish, for they knew 
that the coffin must be buried there. And they did despatch mes- 
sengers for the other damsels of the tribe: and when they, too, did 
perceive the evil deed which had been done, they lifted up their 
voices and wept also. And they did send for a man with tools, who, 
in a few minutes time, digged up the coffin from the earth. 

Now when the story had reached the ears of the three guilty 
youths that their evil deed had been discovered, they did wend their 

44 T^he Lyre. 

way with others of the Sig. tribe, to the temple of the Alpha Chis, 
so that they might observe what the damsels would do. And they 
did arrive, just as the coffin was raised from the earth. And when 
this had been done, one of the Sigma Chi tribe did raise the cover 
of the coffin, and there lay the copy of the Chronicles. And the dam- 
sel Ada, surnamed Dickie, who knew not of the Sigs first theft, did 
seize the Chronicles, and did begin to read them aloud. And when 
Mabel, daughter of Collins, did perceive what the parchment con- 
tained, she did seize it from the hands of Ada, for she did perceive 
the plot to spoil the reading of the Chronicles for the evening. And 
she did conceal the document, and the scribe did read it in the pres- 
ence of all the damsels, as they had planned. And all the maidens 
were much amazed at the boldness of the five; Ora, of the house of 
Woodworth; Jennie, the Reid-Qr\ she of the golden locks and whose 
surname is Disbrow; Mabel, daughter of Collins, and Frances, the 

And the Alpha Chi tribe did make merry together over it, and 
had much laughter among them at the deeds of the Sig. tribe. But 
anger was in the hearts of some of the maidens that the youths have 
added a second chapter to the Revelation of the deviltry of Sigma 

Now this evil deed is as yet unavenged. But the time is at hand 
when the Sigma Chi tribe will cry out in anguish, "Woe is me that 
I ever disturbed the peace of that greatest and most powerful of tribes. 
Alpha Chi Omega!" 

Frances Theresa Dissettk, 

Albion, August 26, 1897. 

9e^' Please read carefully the following advertisements. 

IF Newman. 

Official Jeweler to 

7\LPHn Qhi ©mega. 


\|^ are mounted in true Cluster form. 

I make a specialty of Pure Diamond ^ Gj 
or Diamond Combination pieces. 

Price List " Samples " Estimates " 
Sent on application through your 

J. F. Newman, 




I confine myself exclusively to a fine grade of t^ 
work, and my Jeweled Badges are unequaled 
for Richness and Beauty, In Crown Settings, 
particularly, Large Jewels cf 

Diamond and Pine Jeweled E^ 
Worli Rings. __^ ^ p 


Wright Kay & eo. 

Largest Manufacturers of Higli Grade Fraternity Badges in the United States. 

Important to Alpha Chi Omega Fraternity. ;if"'r.r,r"lJ";k 

having been siDprovrd by the officers at the late convention, we were a))|H>inte(l official Kadf^e 
Makers for Y»»ur l-'iatcri'iity. ' If your Had^c is .stani]>e(l with our name, there is nothing better 
made. Gorrenpond with Us re^^anliUK I'mtemity Jewelry Novelties and Stationery. Sam- 
ples sent upon application throu;;h your chapter. Adtlros 

140442 Woodward Ave, Detroit, Mich« 


118 U2 E, Mam St,, Crawfordsville, Indiana, 

Over Post Office, Greencastle, Ind. 

ist Prize. Class .V. State Convention. '«)5. ist Prize. Class H. State Convention. "95. 

I St Prize. Class A. State Convention. '\it>. ist Prize. Class H. Slate Convention. '«/». 

.^d Prize. Class A. State Convention, 'i'. Mcilal. National Convention '97. 

Gardner & Co., 


The Palace Restaurant. 

Caterers to the People. 

Kverytliing desirable about a re.stauraiU can be found here. 


If you .'lie inlerestetl in a bainl instruincnl of any kind, or would like to join a 
Iiainl or drum corps, y<ni can obtain fidl iiiforinalion iij)on llie sid)jec'l from the 
Idj; I)ook of 136 i)aj.(es thai Lyon ^: Healy. Cliica).;o, send free ujion application. 
It contains upwards of 1000 illustrations, and gives the lowest prices cver(juoit'd 
U])on hand instruments. 


Violinists everywhere will hail with tlelijrht the I)eautifidly j)rinted and 
authoritativelv written hook alK)ut()hl X'iolins. just published I)v L von is: Healv. 

Ivither of the above books sent free upon applicstion to Dept. V, LvoN & 
IIkaky. I()9 Wabash Avenue, Chicaj^o. 


Hlpba Cbt ©meoa- 

Cbapter IRolL 

Alpha, DePaiiw I'niversity. (ireeiicastlc, Indiaiin. 

Hkta Albion College. Albion, Michigan. 

(tAMMA, Xorlhwestern University, ]%van.ston. Illinois. 

Dklta Allegheny College. Meadville, Pennsylvania. 

ICpsij.dn. I'niversity of Sonthern California. Los Angeles. California. 
Zkta New Kngland Conservatory. Boston, Massachusetts. 

(5ranb Cbapter^^Blpba- 

iScneral Officers. 

President Mary Janet Wilson, Alpha. 

Secretary, Alta Mae Allen, Beta. 

Treasurer ( Gertrude Ogden, Delta. 

Gorrespon&tnfl Secretaries. 

Alpha, Raeburn Cowger. 

Beta, Alta Mae Allen. 405 I^rie vSt. 

Cianinia, Lillian Siller, S3 1 Poster St. 

Delta, L. Pay Barnaby, North Park Ave. 

Epsilon, Mrs. N. Louise VanCleve, 1014 \V. 17th St. 

Zeta, PMith Rowland Manchester, S2 Burnett St.. Providence, R. I. 


Fannie Bkuimticlti-ZcisliT, 

'>*w (J:ast PiuiBioii 5t. 

UlIliiMiip, miinoia 

Miss Ncally Stencns, 

l\csiticnci\ ^du Vorcnui. 


Maiiti Pimicll, 

10 ItV^iit (LuuMiticlI) street. 

IhMii Oorit «£itu. 



Alpha Chi Omega 



Tonal Interpretation of Poetry. 

A CiMii]Mi.itivi- Sliifly 1)1 I.Mthcr- "I'"!!! (U'»«> itml Ntuiiiiin «. '\.\i\ liiMii ',411:1 " 



Always prohlcinatic will \>v iht- cliaracUM'i>lic in)tes ol differenee 
between men — their unlikenesscs, dissonances, antaj^onisnis — disson- 
iinces patent even in aflinities. As. to instance, in the nuisic-loving 
affinities of the j^reat reformer, Martin Lnther. and the great re-ac- 
tionist, John Henry Newman. ]Cach was j)assionalely dedicated to 
the study of tone-lruth — each ]>layed an inslrnmenl — the one, the 
flute, the other, the violin. Mach wrote liynins, religious lyrics — but 
the differences between the hymn^, in lln*ir structural form as well 
as in the music to which they have !)een set. arc indicative ot the dis- 
cordant (jualities of the men. 

The man who wrote. 

"A iiii^hly I'orlii^s is mir ( itxl 
A bulwark iR-vir fjiiliiiv;." 

4 The Lyre. 

could not uiulerstand the tcini)er of the man who wrote, 

"Lca«i, kindly li^^lit. 'iTinirl the fiirirdin^ ^looiii. 

I«ead tlioii me oiil" 

In "Fortress" tliere is dogged down-riglilness, stern 
courage, defiant faith, definite attitude, while in "I^ux Benigna," 
there is subtle refinement, delicacy of sentiment, timidity of faith, — 
and these elements, inherent in the spirit of the verse itself, are in- 
herent in the music which interprets it. One could go into battles 
with Apollyon and the Pope and all the Turks, singing "P^ortress," 
but, "Lux Benigna" is a melody for the solitudes and silences of the 
cloister, or those (^uiet retreats where one broods over the vanished 
past and in gentle submissicm awaits for the deciding voices that sum- 
mon to the unwished-for struggle of the open field. Newman did a 
"work" in England, but he soon found a congenial place in the"()ra- 
tory," and, for many years his life flowed placidly on, like the spirit 
of his own "Lux Benigna." Luther was never off the battle field. 
His .stern, steady, jmgnacity kept him in the fight. He was a war- 
rior. He lived always in the spirit »f "iCin feste burg ist uiiser 


And this suggests a theme for fertile study — the study of music 
as an interpretation of poetry. It is a fundamental canon that 
poetry, especially lyric poetry. has a correspondent phase 
of music which perfectly iiiter])rets it. As there is just one 
word which perfectly expresses thought, so there is just one 
melody which perfectly expresses the thought of the lyric. *'Lux 
Benigna" does not fit to "A mighty fortress is our (lod." and *'P*ort- 
ress" would not fit to "Lead, kindly light." This is so i)atent that 
its denial would not seem i)ossible, and yet. hymns are being con- 
stantly sung to tunes which not only do not interpret them, but act- 
ually misinterpret them. Choir-masters say. "Sing hymn 

to tunel" Why do I hey select that tune for that especial 

hymn? Do they know why? Of c«)urse there are choir-masters who 
have mastered the science of musical interj)retation: they know the 
fundamental huvs of lone-exj)ression. They know that "" 
cannot be sung to the words of Newman's hymn, and the}' know why 

The Lyre. 5 

**Lux Henigiia" cannot he snn^ lo '^Fortress. " lUil they are not in 
every church. 


Preachers, teachers in public schools. sui)erintendents of Sunday 
schools, should know the laws that govern tone-expression. There 
should be courses of instruction in the science of musical interpreta- 
tion of poetry. And, students of literature should be instructed in 
the high art of translating the thoughts of the lyric, the epic, into the 
terms of tone. I am convinced that the study of the great poets .should 
not only be textual. gram:n:itical, rhetorical but musical — and that 
students of literature should analyze verse with especial reference to 
its setting to appropriate music. 



Returning to "Fortress" and "Lux Benigna." I beg per- 
nii.ssion to suggest that a very interesting lecture might 
be given on the comparative study of hymns 166 and 682* 
— the immortal "A mighty fortress is our God" and *'Lead, 
kindly light." The hymns utter the hearts of two of the 
greatest men who have ever lived. They are keys to charac- 
ter, to moods of the universal mind — and the music to which 
they have been set is the perfect interpretation of their thoughts. 
Can anything more expressive be conceived than the martial niov^e- 
mentsof Luther\s own melody, or more beautifully fitting than Dyke's? 
One isin "D." the other, in "A" flat. The one is trumj)et-like, high, 
.stirring; the other is low, so )thing, ])laintive. The one is Luther, 
the other, Newman. 

(»ic()K(;k M. Hammkll, 
Walnut Hills, Cincinnati, ()., Xov., iSc);. 

*The miinbers of tlit- hymns in the Methodist ICpiscopal Church hymnal. 

The J A' re. 

The Qiristmas Bells. 

TIk" liiiu* ilraws iie:ir llic liirlh of Christ; 
The iimoii is hiil; the. iiij^hl is still; 
The Christmas hells from hill to hill 
Answer each other in the mist. 

I'onr voices of fonr hamlets round, 
I'rom far ami near, on mead and moor. 
Swell out and fail, as if a door 
Were shut between me Jind the sound. 

.l'!ach voice four chanj^es on the win<l. 
That now dilate and now «lecrease, 
Peace and j^ood will, ^ood will and peace. 
Teace and }^ood will to all mankin<l. 


"The Red Man's Music." 

» l-roiii a p.ijKT rcail l»».-f<>i«.' Hi-' i>:iinl?. <jf the MiKcyiiohls-Korhk- Music S<.'II(m>I, WaishiiiKton 
I). C . Oct. y;, i^';7. ilhi«<traic«l Iiy sdcctums of Aiiu-rican Indian ninsic.) 

American Indian MusicI How many of ns have ever given a 
thought to the music of the red man? My own interest in the subject 
was some time ago aroused by a little full blooded Sioux 
Indian bov who is studving the violin with P'raulein Koehle. 
He is s(^ bright, musical and industrious, that one feels intui- 
tively that there be music among the Indians. This sub- 


ject leads us naturally to the history of the Indian, and what 
a sad one it isl What a striking contrast the roving, careless red 
mail of 400 years agi) presents to the red man of today, embittered 

and revengeful through the barbarous cruelty and broken promises of 
the white man he welcomed to his shores; shoved from one reserva- 
tion to another, looking forward, helpless and hopeless to a future 
which causes him to cry out in anguish to his Ood, 

"My falluT have ])il\ nn me, 
"I have nothinj; left. 


The I A' re, 7 

"I am flyinj«( of thirst, 
"l^verythini^ is j^oiie. 

' Arapalio (iliost Soiij;. 

Vet. in spite of the long and iinsuccesstul stru<;gle to regain his lost 
freedom and its lamentable results, true tales of his heroism now and 
then reach our ear. convincing us that the "nolde savage" has not 
existed in hooks of fiction alone. 

In reading over the prophecies and visions ot the long line of re- 
ligious leaders who have appeared among them, we find fertile imag- 
ination: in studying intf) the meaning of their tribal ceremonies and 
songs, we find the natural poesy of ]>riniitive man living close to na- 
ture, expressing his emotions spontaneously, regardless of all rule. 
When we consider that the red man po^ses^es lively imagination, 
true poetical feeling, and is capable of noble thought and deed as 
well, we begin to understand that his emotions would at least be wor- 
thy to be breathed in song. Vet. had any of you chancetl to be pres- 
ent with me one evening several years ago in a little Western t<iwn 
and heard a band of Kickapoo Indians give one of their open air con- 
certs, lighted by flaring torches, you would, without doubt, have 
been disappointed to hear the manner in which the red man's emo- 
tions had found expression in music. Vou would have heard a deaf- 
ening accompaniment of drums, rattles aiul hand clapping, while 
above it the .strained voices of the Kickapoos howled distres.sfully as 
they danced about grotesquely in their blankets. Vou would have 
listened to something called music by one race of people, that to your 
ear seemed mere noise with no suggestion of melody. Like a revela- 
tion comes Miss' Alice Fletcher's little book on "Omaha Indian Mu- 
sic," which contains not only many of their songs as noted down by 
herself and harmonized bv J C. Filmore « an authoritv on Indian 
music) in a manner satisfactory to the Indian ear, but. also, the most 
interesting explanations of their songs and musictil ceremonies. Miss 
Fletcher confesses that her first experience in listening to the red 
man's music was un.satisfactory and it was not until >hut in from the 
world bv illness with the Indian women coming ainl going about her, 
singing at her retjuest their native songs in a low voice, v»ith no noisy 
<lruni to confuse the ear. that she was delighted not only with the 
melodies, but also with the genuine emotion and enobling sentiment 

S The Lyre, 

many of them contained. In regard to the important place which 
music holds with them, the same author says, "Among the Indians 
music envelopes like an atmosphere every religious, tribal and social 
ceremony, as well as every social experience. There is not a phase 
of life that does not find expression in song. Religious rituals are 
imbedded iu it, the reverent recognition of the creation of the corn» 
of the food -giving animals, of the powers of the air, of the fructifying 
sun, is passed down from one generation to another in melodious 
measures: .song nerves the warrior to deeds ol heroism and robs death 
of its terrors: it sj^eeds the spirit to the land of the hereafter and so- 
laces who are left to mourn: children compose ditties for their 
games and young men by music give zest to their si)orts: the lover 
sings his way to ihe maiden's heart and the old man tunefully evokes 
those agencies which can avert death. Music is also the medium 
through which man holds communion with his soul and with the un- 
known powers which control his destiny." 

Devoid of a written language to record thought, of any notation 
to express musical sounds, of any instrument upon which a melody 
can be correctly reproduced, the red man is entirely dependent upon 
those men in the tribe who possess good voices and a sharp musical 
ear. "music teachers" take so much pride in accurately learn- 
ing and teaching their native songs that they are said to be trans- 
mitted from one generation to another with comparatively little 
change. We learn that mezzo-soprano and baritone voices prevail 
among them but that all voices soon lose their natural .sweetness from 
.so much singing in the open air to the h)ud accinnpaniment of percus- 
sion instruments. Almost no marks of expression are observed. The 
red man thinks "that the white man talks w great deal when he sings" 
and that the flow of the melody is distur])ed by iiis clear enunciations. 
In his own songs he treats words as a secondary matter altogether, 
and many of them contain simply euphonious sounding, but mean- 
ingless sylla])les while others liavc the words modified or intermixed 
with extra syllables for the sake of euphony. Tlie drum, whistle and 
gourd rattle arc the instruments used b\ the Indinns to accompany 
their voices. Tliere is a small drum which .somewhat resembles a 
tambourine ami is beaten in tremolo by the fingers or a small reed. 
One large drum used formerly, made from the hollowed out section 

The Lyre, 9 

of a tree with a skin stretched over the open end, has a successor in 
one in which a keg answers to the hollowed section of a tree. An- 
other native instrument, a large flat drum, made hy stretching a 
calf's skin over a hoop of wythes. supported on four sticks driven into 
the ground, has given place to our modern drum. The gourd rattles 
are filled either with gravel or sand, according to the tone recjuired. 
and are played wMth a strong shake and a rebound or shaken in trem- 
olo. They are used in appeals to the supernatural. 

In playing over a number of songs in Miss Fletcher's collection 
we notice one striking peculiarity which seems characteristic of them 
all; almost invariably the melody begins at a high pitch and descends 
gradually to its close. We find their older melodies founded on the 
five toned scale, our major scale with the fourth and seventh steps 
omitted, one common to so many ancient peoples. How the red man 
came to introduce the half tones which appear in their later melodies 
it would be interesting to learti. The majority of these songs are in 
the broad sunny major key, some in j)laintive minor, still many 
others capricious, sounding strange and foreign to our ears because of 
unaccountable raised and lowered steps. Some, even imply modula- 
tion. But, most surprising of all, is that the red man used only to 
hearing his native airs sung in unison, is only satisfied when he hears 
them played upon the piano when accompanied by chords. Does not 
this imply that the red man possesses a prevailing sense of harmony, 
present but neglected? We find the motive understood and used ef- 
fectively in these songs, as well as phrases of peculiar length and 

The complicated rhythm and the ease with which they are said to 
master it is simply astonishing and that, too, in all sorts of syncopa- 
tion and combinations. Imagine a folk beating two and singing three 
as if it was the easiest and most natural thing to do in the world I 
\o. 60 (Omaha Indian Music) a Mekasee or I^rave Song, "Fearless 
as the wolf venturing into strange and distant countries," is a good 
example of the mixture of groups of twos and threes in six eight and 
four-eight time. Of the different historical, religious and secret so- 
cieties formed among the Indians to j^rovidr social entertainment for 
the men and wouien, one of the most interesting, from a musical 
standpoint (described in the same book) is the I laethuska Society. 

lo The !A'n\ 

Me!iil)ership was confL*ire«l in rccoj^iiilion of a valiant deed alone and 
the heroic deeds ol its nienihers were comnieniorated in song. Hav- 
ing assembled, the fir^t ceremony was to |)rei)are the charcoal for 
blackening the lac.*s in honor ot Tluinder. (lod of War. The words 
of the song which accompanied this ceremony. *'Charcoal before nie 
to paint with wearily 1 wail" imply that the warrior is wearily await- 
ing the time when he shall go forth to fight under the protection of 
the ( fod of War and the mvstrrious music < in a minor kev ) is in- 
tender! to e\pn.'.ss the ea.(erness of the warrior and the tremolous 
nifjvement ot iIk* caves just bc-fore a thunderstorm." Following this 
song, an<l while tlu* sacred pii>e was being filled, the whole company 
chanted the ]>rayer "Will you acct*j)l thi> ])ipe and smoke it.^" The 
evening was passrd in *^inging Non.:;'^, mostly ol an historical charac- 
ter, intermixfd with dancing. an«l it was often nf»t until early morn- 
ing that the enlerlainmenl was brought to a close by the entire coni- 
])any joining in a *-nng of di>miss;il. a clmral ^ong ol warriors, full of 
dignity and feeling. At iIk- beginning (if this song the members rose, 
at the second j>an ihey walke<l shiwly anmnd the fire, singing as they 
went: the thud of tiel answere<l to the drum as the warriors ])assed 
(mt into the night and the final note was struck as the last man 
emerged from the lodge and jxis^ed out lieiieath the ^^tars. (Omaha 

Indian Music. 

The colleclioii also includes a few hai>j)y love songs, which are 
pi)ured out by the lover at the dawn of day. a prelude to meeting his 
sweetheart later al the spring, where the <lusky maidens go morning 
and eveiiinu tor water and the favorite trvsting place of lovers. The 
most beaulilul of ;dl the^e sou.ns to me is the '•( )maha Indian PrAyer." 
the "Our I'alhri" ol the tribe and taught each child before he is sent 
out alone l>> ta^l and pray. li> ..l»laiii. if ]>ossible, a vision that may be 
a guide ami help to him his lile long. We tnid among Miss Fletcher's 
Indian s(in:-^s iiian\ ihal s.,nnd sHange ainl weird, some lull of spirit, 
or «'aielv — -oiheis r\]>r«sv.ive .uid elevating- all incne or less crude 
and umlevelopeil They tli)ubtle-is lose mu<'h by the absence of their 
native roloriiii; ami sunouiidiiivi--. but. lliev :ils<i j^ain in being ren- 
dere<l with a culli\ale«l voice in an artistic manner. 

Helore eoiu'luiliiii;. let u^ turn lor a monieiil to the (ihost-dance 
si)ngs. The primilixe religion ol the red man. which may be briefly 

The Lyre 1 1 

expressed in Tecnmseh's reply to (lovcriior Ilarri.M)!!, ''the sun isniy 
father, the earth is my mother, on hei bosom I will resti" has been 
siiperceeded in some tri]>es by the Christian belief, in many others by 
the (ihost Dance religion — a curious mixture ol the true faith and 
Indian superstition whose leach inj^s are on the whole for good, 
advising temperance and peace. Its advcjcates believe in the ad- 
vent of a happy time, when the buffalo, formerly the chief means 
of support of the Western tribes, their lands and their dead will be 
restored to them, and the chief ceremony is the (ihost-dance which is 
supposed to hasten the longed for day. In this drnicr a large circle of 
men and women is formed who sing as they dance nnind and round. 
When, occasionally, one of the excited dancers, hyj)!i()lized by the 
leader, falls insensible to the ground, they are drawn inside the cir- 
cle and left undisturbed in their trance state while the dance goes on 
about them. On recovering consciousness the vision is embodied in 
the form of a song, and thus originate the endless (i host-songs — old 
ones fading into forgetfulness to make way for the new. We find a 
number of them published in James Mooney's exhaustive work on 
the "Ghost Dance Religion." An amusing story is told of the ac- 
cepted Messiah, one "Wovoka." of Mason X'alley, Nevada. He is 
believed to have control of the elements and possesses five songs by 
which he claims that he can produce a mist, snow, shower, storm or 
clear weather at will. He once insisted ou a letter being forwarded 
to the President of the Tuited States informing him of his supernat- 
ural powers, and proposing for a modest income to furnish Nevada 
with the latest news from heaven and rain whenever wanted. 

As we close, I hope with awakened interest for the red man's 
music, does the thought occur to you what will be the future of this 
music? There will be none, just as certain as there will be no future 
for the red man under his present conditions. As Simon Po-Ragan. 
last chief of the Pottawattomies. says j)athetically ol the extinction of 

the race: "Generations yet unborn will read in history of the red men 
of the forest and inquire. Where aru they?" 

Let us hope then, that before the tribal relations and ceremonies 
have pas.sed away, further effort will be made to collect many more 
of their melodies and thus adtl one more interesting; chapter of the 
folklore of the nations. 

Katiiakini-: H. McRiaxoi.ds. 

1 2 The f.vrc. 

Christmas Music. 

One of the heautiful features of tlie advent was the hurst of song. 
The new dispensation hegan witli the soul insj)ired liynin service — 

"My soul dolh iiiaj^nify the Lord. 

AikI iny spirit halh rejoice*! in (ioii my Savior." 

Then on that wintry niglit when tlie Prince of Peace was born, earth 
and Iieaven seemed to mingle in the joyousness of the announce- 
ment. As, when the sacrifices were laid on the altar, the temple 
music poured forth, so when the Herald- Angel had spoken, a multi- 
tude ol heaven's choir rang the anthem of praise to the wondering 
shepherds: — 

(ilory lo<io«l ill the highest 

And upon earth peace aM<l goo<l will I 

As the hymn ceased, the light faded out of the sky but the an- 
gelic message remained to bless forever the children of men. Time 
rolled along and through the centuries swept the sweet refrain of the 
Christmas tide — now and then the notes came faintlv, but thev were 
never lost, and today every land in Christendom h^;s heard, and 
heads bow reverently to catch the whole chorus of the wondrous 

With the growth oi the church has grown the custom of bells 
adding their notes of joy to the glad promise ol the day. The Christ- 
mas spirit, in the sweet voices of the chimes, wafts down from the 
lofty towers an anthem of praise and hope tn the tiied, old world. 
The ushering in of the 25th oi December by the ringing of bells is 
a universal cu.stom, and is it not beautiful to think "whether from a 
grand Moscovite tower, a slender Italian campanile, or a solid linglish 
belfry, the Christmas l^ells speak in one language, with one voice, 
proclaiming lor this one day at least the universal brotherhood of 

"(rlorv to (»t>d -to<it>d. in the higlusl. 
Peace antl good-will; }^oo«l-\vill and peace 
Peace and vjoo i will, t>n earth 
to men." 

Makv L. \\. Ionics. 

The I A re. 13 

On Hearing GcK)d Music. 

Students of niiisic are constantly confronted with rules and ad- 
vice on every concievable musical subject, and a more contradictor)' 
mass of literature would be hard to find. Musicians and their meth- 
ods are as diverse as doctors and their doses. All musicians agree on 
one point however, that their students should hear as much good 
music as possi})le. Such advice is always joyfully received and uni- 
versally obeyed. This is easy to do in these days of Sympliony con- 
certs, \\\%\\ class opera and May festivals. 

The appearance of a famous j)ianist usually calls out a large stu- 
dent attendance. Of this large body it is astonishing to note how 
few are prepared to listen intelligently to the music presented. Few 
have a practical knowledge of the theory of music and fewer know 
anything worth mentioning about composers and their style of writ- 
ing. It cannot be denied that very few students would study the 
history or theory of music if a diploma could be obtained without it. 
These studies are given such su|)erlicial attention, their ])ractical 
value is not recognized. Such listeners cannot distinguish between 
a tlieme and a counterpoint; nor do they know a fugue from a pa.stor- 
al without the assistance of a program, rnlortunately they often 
affect to know a great deal. A newspa|)er recently told of a young 
lady who was listening to her friend's playing, when she exclaimed: 
''OI how beautiful I I would know Chopin's music anywhere!" 
*'This is not Chopin's musi(\ it is Mendelssohn's." 
'*C)h! y<^s, yes. Mendelssohn's. I thought so." 
C/Ood teachers direct their pupils to make a practice of reading 
the best works of standard composers lor at least thirty minutes a day. 
This point I wish to emphasi/e. Life is too short for the average 
teacher or ])upil to bring to a satisfactory performance all the best 
piano music. Only artists can acc<)mi)lish such a stupendous task, 
and only one artist has such a record. Rubinstein is said to have ex- 
hausted piano literature in one season's series of concerts in St. 
Petersburg, embracing one thousand and three hundred comi)osi- 

But we need not be strangers to this vast array of good music be- 
cause we cannot be Rubinsteins. I>y the systematic habit of playing 

14 T hr Lyre. 

the principal ihemesand ninkiii); ourselves familiar with the >;eiieral 
coiislrnctioii of a composition, we j^ain a valnahle knowledj^e though 
we may never play the composition in a finished style. Then what a 
delight to hear its rendition hy a great artist. Ihnv absorbing to lis- 
ten to the working (Uit of the different parts. If we have heard sev- 
eral artists play the same piece how interesting to note the difference 
in execution and expression. When an encore is given how satisfac- 
tory to recogni/e Chc)j)in or Schumann, as the case may he. 

Many students who have graduated from our best schools of mu- 
sic have little knowledge of any music aside from the comparatively 
few pieces necessary to graduation. This is either through neglect 
on the part of the teacher or heedlessness on the i>art of the pupil. 
The daily habit of reading good music not ordy adds to our knowl- 
edge of the works of the best masters, but musical taste is cultivated 
unconsciously. Incidentally it quickens the ])Ower of reading at 
sight. While \\\ii prima vista classes are primarily for sight reading 
purposes, they also introduce us to many composers in an interesting 

lvSTi:ijj-: Livo.NAKi), Cincinnati, Ohio. 

The Lyre. 15 

Letter from Berlin. 

Kiirfiirsteii Strasse 125. Hi:kmn, (xermany. 
My Dkakkst Frat. vSistkrs: — 

Wliere shall I be^in? To the girN who wrote iiie steamer let- 
ters. I want to tell yoii how luiich 1 eiijoye«l them. When I went 
down to the steamer, the room steward went throuj^h a bundle of let- 
ters and handed out ten or twelve to me, and I was so pleased when 
I found most ot them stamped Meadville. So you ima>;ine I thought 
it worth while to be a frat "^xxX Several friends were down to see me 
off, but at last they left, and after cheers, music, tears, etc., we really 
started on our way. (I shed just one tear. I tlu)uj;ht it the correct 
thing to do. ; I wisli all the Alpha Chis mi^lit have enjoyed the trip 
with me. it was fine. I have moved only once sincL- I came to Ber- 
lin. Went first to a (ierman Pension but fmdinj; no one in the house 
at all interested in music and no one to t(<> with to the concerts, 1 
found it necessary to change. At jirescnt 1 am with Miss Morgan, 
who has the American (iirls' Club. Just now we liave five girls in 
the house who are studying piano, one the violin, .several voice pu- 
pils, and harmony pupils by the dozen. It is like living in a con.serv- 
atory, and .so inspiring. We talk music all the time. 

At last I have settled the question of teachers. I went to Bu- 
-soni first. He is coming to the front as a piano teacher Found 
I couldn't get lessons with him before February or March as he is to 
do concert work. I was undecided l)etween Raif and Bastle. Finallv. 
I thought I would see both. Last Monday week I went to see Bas- 
tle and informed him \ had come to see about lessons. He looked at 
me a full minute and then said. "I am \'eiy sorrx but I can't take 
you. My time is every minute lllled, and you are a j)rofcssional. are 
you not?" t Xotliing like looking like something. • He asked me to be 
seated and I had a pleasant interview. He said: **Wli\ did you 
come so late to Berlin?" I^inally he began lo go over his hours to 
see what could be done, and then asked me il I would play for him. 
I was rather anxious to know what he would say. so I played. I will 
not tell you all he saifl, but. much to my surj)rise, he sai<l some ex- 
ceedingly nice things. He wanted me to lake one lessen in two 

1 6 The Lyre. 

weeks until after Christmas. I told him J would think about it, and 
Tuesday I went to see Raif. I liked him so much that I decided to 
go to him. Raif advised me to ^o to Hoise for harmony, so to Boise 
I went, and feel c[uite "set up" as he is considered one ol the finest 
harmony teachers in Europe. 

I am practicing from four and a half to live hours a day, put one 
and a half or two hours on my harmony, a little time on (lerman, and 
then spend the remainder of the day and night going to concerts. Oh, 
how I long for the Aii)ha Cliis when 1 am going to these fine concerts. 
Surely it is an education in itself. Have heard the famous Joachim 
Quartette twice, Xikisch Orchestra twice, three of the popular Phil- 
harmonic concerts with Rehicek as director, Pac^hmann in a Chopin 
program, etc. I\xj)ect to go to Dresden during the holiday vacation 
to hear opera. Miss Morgan gives a reception Saturday evening and 
I am to assist her. Just think of "doing" society over here. One really 
has (piite a chance for society in the American colony, more than one 
has time for. Miss Johns of lCj)silon, took dinner with me today. Vou 
see even in (xermany it is nice to l»e an Alpha Chi. as one meets a 
si.ster occasionally. Miss Johns e.xpecls to go home in May or June. 
She has been <|uite ill but is imj)roving rapidly now. I am very 
anxious to know about the new girls and everything connected with 
the year thus tar. With a heart full of love for you all. I am, 

Very fondly, IujSAIJ.. 

November 7th iS^j. 

The Lyre. 

"An Angcl." 

Not she with j^oldfii tresses rare, 
With eyes of blue or eyes of brown. 
Nor she with laurels on her brow 
As one whu by the worM is crowned; 
Not she for whom the poet siinj^ 
Their jinnulest themes of j^riei or mirth, 
Nor she for whom the roses blow 
l)evf)iil of all the tlmrns of earth. 

Not she for wjiom a lover strives 
Ajjainst the sonj^ of vSireii^" lure. 
Not she on whrun the I*%ites bestow 
Their ji^ifts ^A heavenly blessinj^ ])ure. 
It is not she the ^ofls wouM love 
Tor beauty, or for worhDy j^ain. 
*Tis not lor her the j^oMen dream 
And airbuilt eastle will remain. 

Ministerinji Angel, — woman true. 

Is she who with healing touch of love. 

And tender words of sympathy. 

And kindly thouj^hts bourne from above, 

Doth sooth a troubled child to rest, 

Or lift a wayward errinj^one. 

Or stay the tremblinj; ste])s of ajre 

Whose useful course is almost run. 

Could ouj^lit replace a love like this, 
This royal heart of temlerest care? 
Couhl riches tempt, could sin defile. 
Could worlds with womanhood com])are? 
The power to sway a sceptered throne 
With mijijhty brain and ready art, 
CouM it for virtue compensate? 
Would it a livini; faith impart? 

Oh, woman-heart, whose ])ulses bt-at 
With ebl> and How of joy or j^rief. 
Sooth thou the ])anj^ of earthly woe 
And to the weary bring relief. 
Thou art a guardian angel, born 
To smooth this rugged i)ath of time 
Thy price beyond all rubies rare. 
Thy human heart almost divine. 

I. (f. A.. Nr>v. 7. 1^97. 




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Material for iIk* next iminl.)fr imisl he in hv Fehniarv 20II1. 
Please oh^^erxe llii*^ «l;iU* rarelully a*^ tardiness causes much inconven- 

A word a*^ to the finances may be in order. We have been de- 
terred from havinj^ some additional attractions tliis month because of 
a desire to keep within the limits of our income. In order to have 
more abundant means lor carrying; on the work in the future we have 
decided to raise tin- *subMri})tion price to seventy-five cents per year. 
This has been ^troiis^lv ur^cd lor some time. The rate was placed 
very low at first in onler to obtain a larj^e numljer of subscriptions. 
We ho]K' to have e\ en a larger roll next year. Please send in sub- 
scriptions by Januarx js. either directly or ihrout^h your chapter. 
He^in at once to make oul \nur *iubscrij)li<»n list and let each chap- 
ter endeavor It) luld new name•^ 

A charter member calls attention to an erroneous statement in 
the .Vlj)ha liistor\ which at>pcared in the Sej)teniber "Lyre." Alpha 
Chi Omei^a was n(»t ori^ani/ed from a musical club as was stated. The 

The I Ate. 19 

yoiuif; ladies came together with the ex])ress purpose of fonniiij? a 
Cireek letter fraternity for those students who wished to do special 
work in music. 

It is gratifying to see the increased interest in fraternity work 
wliich is being aroused through these i)ages. The following sugges- 
tions and criticisms are greatly ai)preciated by the editor. That the 
editorial page has not yet come up to the standard has been a cause 
of regret each time the journal has appeared; but otlier work in con- 
nection with its publication has taken the time of the editor and this 
department has been neglected. We hope for better work in the fu- 

To Thk Editor: 

With pleasant anticipation and eager interest we all look forward 
to the next number of the ''Lyre." Our journal has become dear to 
the heart of every Alpha Chi, and one and all are anxious to have it 
prosper and grovv until it is at l^ast the ecjuil of any frat. periodical 
published. Many of the frat. periodicals have the advantage of age, 
but Alpha Chi has the greater advantage of robust youth and a chance 
to profit by the experience of its elders. 

The September number of the "Lyre" is exceptionally interest- 
ing and brings us in closer touch with our si.sters of the Hast and 
West, and as the "Lyre" is the medium through which we may reach 
one another I take this opporttinity to offer a lew suggestions, — cmly 
suggestions however. 

As the editorials are always the '.sauce pi(]uante' of a publication 
could we not have more of them? The editorial i)age is always read, 
and read first by many people. A lew breezy paragraphs would do 
much to rouse drooping interest in those no longer active in the frat. 
work and life, and would add to the general interest of the sheet. 

Then another point: vSoine of us in course of time wish to have 
the "Lyre" bound, and in their i)resent sliai)e we would have to in- 
clude the cover in the volume in order to j)reserve the index. Would 
it be practicable to have just the title on the first i)age or cover, and 
insert another page on which to have the index ajipear? 

And, dear sisters, last but not least, df)n't you think we ought to 

20 Ihc Lyre. 

have more chapters in our beloved sorority? 

It is a fine thinj^ lo be coii^^ervative, but let not conservatism 
drown out enterprise and energy. We want a good national reputa- 
tion and ought to have chapters in all the leading music schools and 
colleges throughout the United States. 

Si'SANNA MrKroKi). (lamma. 

The Xoveml)er number ot Beta Theta Pi contains an interesting 
editorial in regard to the use of the **courage test" in initiations. It 
states that many object seriously to this custom and that propositions 
are often lost because of it. There is a difference of opinion as to the 
efficacy of certain expedients for converting a Harb into a (ireek. To 
most refined and sensitive natures a simple ritual is more impressive 
and effectual than some means often euiployed. 

The following plan which has bjen a(h)pted at Allegheny College 
is worthy of more general favor amcmg fraternities. It has been very 
satisfactory in several colleges. Our Meadville correspondent says: 
*\So far we have found the plan everything that could be wished. 
Tlie girls have kept the pledge nobly." 

"vSince college opened. Kappa Alpha Theta. Kappa Kappa 
(iamma and Alpha Chi Omega have agreed upon the following con- 
tract : 

"We. the members of the undersigned fraternities, hereby ])ledge 
ourselves for the fall of i>^s)7, not to ask any new student ot Alle- 
gheny College, the I*re])aratory School, or the Meadville Conserva- 
tor}' of Music to join us before the first Monday before Thanksgiving 
day, and for the winter and spring terms not until the third Monday 
after the opening of college. 

'*We also pledge ourselves not to mention, ux have any one else 
mention the subject of fraternity to any new girl unless asked a (jues- 
tion by her. An apj>ointment tor asking may bt- made with a girl 
the Saturday or Sunday before the asking day decided upon." 

A new member ot the fraternit> i>ress is tin* "Lyre," of Alpha 
Chi Omega. This is a society ot ladies in the musical department of 

The L\n\ 21 

colleges or schools devoted to musical iiistriiclion. The number be- 
fore us is dated March, iSyj, is numbered \'ol. ll, Xo. i. and is pub- 
lished at (ireeiicastle, Ind. Il appears from the front matter of this 
number that the chapters of the society are as follows: Alpha, De- 
Pauw Tniversily; H^ta, Albion College; Gamma, Northwestern I'ni- 
versity; Delta, Allegheny College; lipsilon. University of Southern 
California: Zeta, Xew Kngland Conservatory of Music. — From De- 
cember number of Beta Theta Pi. 

Those chapters having difficulty in voting upon names presented 
because of tardiuifss of members in making their accpiaintance will be 
interested in th:* followiiiyj from the Phi Delta Theta Scroll'. 

Kvery chapter goes through the experience ot hearing all about 
some man from the members who have been thrown with him or who 
have made it a point to meet him, and of finding that those present 
are completely ignorant of this man's existenee. This may well hap- 
pen once, but it is when it liapi)ens again and again in regard to the 
same man that the rushers get discouraged or impatient. Some other 
fraternity with more energy and system finally pledges the man, per- 
haps, and the slow member consolingly says he is "mighty glad we 
didn't take th it fellow." This pro.Tastination would cease, we 
think, if men realized how utlerlv discourteous it is to the member 
who proposes the name, and how injurious it is to thechapter and the 
fraternity. It is not conservatism, it is self-satisfied laziness. Some 
one has proposed that a by-law be adopted allowing no member to 
plead non-actjuaintance more than twic;^ or three times in the case of 
a given candidate, but this would, perhaps, be too radical. Oet ac- 
(|uainted with all the n^w men and stay acquainted with them, 
whether vou want to make Phis of them or not. 


The news of the »k-ath of Mrs. Ilatlie L(>vej(»y-(iulic*k raiiie like 
a shock to Hela tlinpter. It is the first lime ih.e angel ol death has 
entered our niiflst. Mrs. (lUliek died at her home in Jackson, Mich.. 
Nov. 21, i.Sc)7. Tile following resolutions were adopted: 

For the first time in the history of B;;ta chapter the (iolden Chord 
is broken in our Fraternity Lyre, and our hearts are stricken with 
sorrow as we realize that forever silent in death is a sister whom we 
held most dear. In grief we sigh "for the touch of a vanished hand 
and the sound ot a voice that is still." We realize that in the death 
of Hattie Lovejoy-Oulick. Alpha Chi Omega has lost a true and loyal 

Therefore be it resolved; That we ])reser.t to the afflicted hus- 
band and family of our beloved sister the assurance of our 

That each member of our chapter wear ar emblem of mourning 
for a period of two weeks. 

That a coj)y of thestr resolutions be sent to he husband and fam- 
ily of our doc.^ised sister, b:? entered on the Cll:^pter Records, be pub- 
lished in the College Pleiad, and in The f^yre of Alpha Chi Omega. 

Ada Dick IK | 

Ai.TA Ar.ijcx Committee. 


T he Lyre. 23 

Chapter Personals. 


Albertta MilkT will visit DePauw lliis moiitli. 

I'jnnia Haywood will spend the winter in the scinth. 

Lucy Andrews will study in In(liana])()lis this winter. 

Cora May was married at lier home in IClletsville last month. 

Claudia Hill and Carrie Little will not he in school next term. 

Kstelle Leonard is doiuir "uisical and literary work in Cincinnati. 

lidith O'Dell was obliged to return liome on account of illness. 

Mrs. Anna Allen Sniitli is taking ])ost graduate work in music. 

Kate Reed is regaining lier liealtli and we ho])e will he with us 
next vear. 

Feme Wood is studying for her NLister's degree in the College 
of Liberal Arts. 

Daisy Kstep and Lucy Andrews were among tiie Thanksgiving 
guests of Alpha Chi. 

Mrs. Daisy Steele Wilson will move to Indianapolis soon, Mr. 
Wilson having been appointed superintendent of the State Institute 
for the Blind. 


Miss Kva Pratt is continuing her art studies in Hoston. 

Miss Kiltie Ivggleston is studying violin with Max Hendix, in 

Miss Bessie Teffl is sluflying music^ in Di-troit with Miss Lilla 
(»race Smart. 

Miss Clarissa Dickie is studying music in \rw \'ork with Dr. 
William Mason. 

Miss Beatrice Hreckenridgu is teaching Dels.nte in tiie Detroit 
Conservatory of Mu.sic. 

Louise Birchard is assisting Mrs. Priest in introducing her Del- 

24 Ihe I^yrt\ 

sarte system in the city public schools. 

Beta has received visits this term from sisters Lucie McMasters, 
Kittle Kggleston. Nellie Valentine Livejoy and ICninia Phelp-;. 

The marriage of (ilenna Floy vSchantz to Francis Alexander 
Mills took place Oct. 2>^, i''<97. Mr. and Mrs. Mills are at home 251 
ScribnervSt., (irand Rapids. Mich. 


Mrs. Kdith Jordan Hayes will visit in Iowa for December. 

Miss Kthel Lillyblade is studying elocnlion in Denver this win- 

Mrs. C I). Osiroodof Marseilles. 111., visited in Kvanston a short 

Miss Stella Chamblain is enjoying her vocal work in Boston 
under Prol. Adams. 

Miss Ma])el Siller is in the College r)f Liberal Arts this year in- 
stead of Music School. 

We have a very favorable report of Miss FUlleda Coleman's work 
as teacher of music in Winona, Minn. 

Miss Barbara vStrickler, founder of Zeta chapter, visited her (ram- 
ma sisters tor a few days in November. 

Miss Ivlizabeth Patrick spent a week in luanston with Gamma 
on her way home to I)es Moines from Michigan. 

Miss Mildred Mclntyre, of Memphis. Tenn.. is studying with 
Sherwood in Chicago, preparing for a ]>rofessional career. 

Miss Lillian Siller has been confined to her room lor four weeks, 
the .sorry result of a foot ball game combined with cold weather. 

Miss Amy Martin, ot Balaton, Minn., visited Miss Alice (rrammis 
in Mankato. Minn., and was also entertained by Mrs. Jester (»rammis 

FOR SALE:— A fine new Washburn Mandolin. Address "The 
Lvre." Box i6s. 

The Lyre. 25 


One of our recent initiates. Miss Then White, is an accomplished 

Miss Carrie (iaston was married to the Rev. Mr. Will II. Hollis- 
ter, of Cochranton, Pa., on Oct. 2S. 

There are six Alpha Cliis in Oil City and they are thinking very 
seriously of establishing an alnnina- chapter there. 

Miss Jene A. Robson was married to Mr. Robert Coburn McCiill 
Nov. I, and is at home at Lake \'iew. Riverside cr)nnty, California. 

Delta is to have a Christmas tree at her rooms on the first Satur- 
day evening of next term, which is January Sth. The ])resence 
(presents) of all the Al])ha Chis is recjuested. 

Miss May Oraham recently entertained twelve Alpha Chis wMth 
a chafing-dish party. It is hardly necessary to add that the girls did 
justice to the dainties served, and a fine time was enjoved by all. 

Four Alpha Chis, loyal to foot ball, went down to (»reenville on 
Thanksgiving day to see the game between Thiel and Allegheny. 
They were delightfully entertained by Helle Chase and Zella Home, 
who were at home spending the Thanksgiving holidays. 


Alma Cleveland is at school in Hristol, Va. 

Elsie Ellis, '97, is filling a position in Detroit, Mich. 

Mary Patterson, '97, is on a concert tour in the south. 

Nellie and Anita Ivvans are spending the winter in Washington, 
D. C. 

Alice Parker, '96, is teaching both instrumental and vocal music 
in Concord, N. H. 

(Gertrude Rennyson, wh<> has been in Paris since '^5, hopes to 
make her debut in opera in the fall of 'i;S. 

26 The Lyre. 

Chapter Letters. 


Since the last issue of llie "Lyre" nearly a term of hard and prof- 
itable work has heen done and we now look forward to another holi- 
day. Jiesides the ^nrls pledged the first of the term. Miss Delia 
Philii)S has l)een added to our ranks and we have initiated Misses 
Kate Reed, Carrie Little. Claudia Hill, Marie Hirt and Klmena 
Lank, ill health coni[)elled Miss Reed to give up her work for a 
while at least an<l she is visiting with her sister in Nebraska. 

Our meetings have been marked with interest and progress. One 
of the most memorable was an evening spent in the discussion of 
Norwegian music and musicians. .Miss Dielrichson, who has charge 
of the vocal department of the school this year, is a native of Nor- 
way, and furnished the leader much valuable information about 
her country, the j)eojde, their customs and music. The music was 
illustrated by instrumental selections and song. 

Many «)! our girls who studied with Miss Fernie and will ever 
remember her as a thc)r()Ugh and enthusiastic teacher, will be plea.sed 
to know that she is meeting with marked success as head of the vocal 
dej)artment of Champaign University. Champaign, 111. Prof. Jean 
Moos, for twi> years j)rofessjr ol pianoforte and theory here, is now at 
the head of the music department of Bethany College, of Bethany, 

\V. Va. 

The lollowing list of artists recitals will be among the entertain- 
ments ol the year: 

Mr. Richard Pairmeister, Piaimlorte, December 15. 

Mrs. Regiiia Watson, Lecture Recital. January iS. 

Spiering Quartette. February 2. 

-Miss Mary Louisa- Clary. Contralto. | 

Assisted l)v Miss Ivlisabeth Sawvers, Pianolorte, Kebruarv 25. 

And Mr. Adolj^h Schellschmidt'. 'Cello. J 

Miss Frances Strie.i;al. Pianof(>rte. 1 A^^il 

Assisted bv Miss Marthine M. Dietrichson, Soj)rano. j ^ 

A lew ol the girls s])ent Thanksgiving at their lumies but are 

The Lyre. 27 

now setlled for three weeks of work before we all i)ack our trunks for 
a short vacation at Christmas time. It is worth a year at school to 
know the delights of home going at holidays. A student may well 
consider it a great privilege to live in a college town, but they can 
never know the deep appreciation of parents and home that those can 
who are deprived of them for a while. In return let us honor (mr 
parents and show an appreci«ition of home by keeping our work and 
deportment up to the standard that should rightfully be expected 
of us. 

As is our custom we are expecting '\Santa" to remember us with 
Christmas gifts with which to adorn our Hall. We are already in- 
debted to Miss Grace Wilson for making and presenting a handsome 
water color picture. 

The number of days until vacation have long since been counted 
and a sense of delight thrills the new girl as she each day. marks out 
the next largest number on her calendar and realizes that home is one 
day nearer. 

The girls of Alpha chai)ter join me in greetings to our sister 
chapters and wishing a Merry Christmas-tide and a Happy New 
Year to all the readers of the "Lyre." 

MlI.DKKl) RrTI.HlxlH. 


Many and varied have been the experiences through which Beta 
has passed this term. We have had a mingling of j(>ys and sorrows, 
but now as the Thanksgiving season has just i)assed, and the earth is 
clothed in her mantle of white, we look back over the fall term with 
a sense of gratification. The opening of the college year did not 
bring as many desirable new girls as usual, but those who did come 
were most ardently sought, and th*.* rushing cnntesl was indeed a 
warm one. Beta came forth from it in triumph, and can now j)resent 
one of the m O.St loyal girls who has ever worn the "gohlen lyre," Miss 
Kate Calkins, of All)ion, Mich., and three ecpially enthusiastic 
]>ledged girls — Mii/.ie (>^)liieu\v. Albion. Lena Crosby, Lansing, 
and Maude Armstrong, Detroit. 

We opened the term with ten active girls, and a more spirited. 

2S Fhr Lyn\, 

tiiithusiastic chapter we have sehU)m had. Our fraternity work is 
entered into with life and earnestness. Our meetings have been held 
on vSaturday eveninj^s and tliL* i>ro;;franis which embrace both literary 
and musical work are to us a source of pleasure and instruction. In 
the social activities of the colle>;e Bjla has had a flattering represen- 
tation. At the Sigma Chi annual Thanksgiving banquet there were 
thirtet^n Alpha Chis pres.Mit. and we number among our good friends 
members of all the fraternities. 

Beta has given a number of informal parties and spreads, but her 
first large affair was the annual Hallowe'en party given to her gen- 
tlemen friends at the chapter lodge. The lodge was artistically deco- 
rated with autumn leaves and branches, and lighted with jack ©'lan- 
terns and candles. The two long tables, placed in the form of a V, 
and decked with sj)otIess linen and shining silver, with the soft warm 
glow from the candles over all, made indeed a pretty sight; and the 
elaborate five course dinner which was served added a comfortable 
feeling to the pleasure which we all enjoy in prettv effects. After the 
tables were taken away we spent the remainder of the evening most 
merrily; but alasl little did we dream while enjoying jolly tete-a-tetes, 
lovely music, and the mazy wait/, of the awful fate which was hang- 
ing over us. 

The Delta (lummas. who last year j)ut up a chapter lodge in the 
same grove in which Heta's is situated, also gave a Hallowe'en party 
on this same night, and indulged in that amusement not supposed to 
be enjoyed in Methodist schools. The lollc;\ving Monday the presi- 
dents of Delta (Tamma and Alpha Chi Omega were summoned to ap- 
pear before the faculty. Of c:>urse it c.iused a good deal of excite- 
ment in fraternitv circles, and the evening was looked forward to 
with much fear and trembling. The interview resulted in the closing 
of both loilges lor a period of one month, and so the keys were duly 
handed over into the hands of the laculty. 

Our next frat. meeting, held at the home of one of the girls, was 
attended by two URMubers of the faculty, who talked to us of our 
duties toward the college and church, and urged us not to indulge in 
an amusement which would injure the reputation of Albion College. 
The faculty have acteil justly and wisely in the matter, and we do 
not entertain the least resentment towards them, lor we realize that 

The Lyre. 29 

we deserve the puntshiiietU, although it cannot be denied that all of 
the fraternities merited it as well as Delta Gamma and Alpha Chi. 
Although we have missed our lodge greatly we have had enjoyable 
frat. meetings at our homes. The term of our exile expires this week, 
Dec. 5th, and we are anticipating a great time on our return, for we 
are going to celebrate our re-entrance by an initiation, and woe be* 
unto the victim, on whom will undoubtedly be inflicted all our pent 
up feelings. 

We are just beginning to plan for our annual Alpha Chi concert, 
which we hope to be able to give in the winter term. We are to have 
a Christmas tree in the lodge for the benefit of the large number of 
Beta*s loyal girls who have been awaiting an opportunity to give a 
present to the lodge. Dec. 3rd. Dr. John P. Ashley, president of 
Gene.see Wesleyan Seminary, Lima, X. V., was elected president of 
Albion College, to succeed Dr. Kiske who resigned last June. 

Beta sends her best wishes to all the chapters for a bright and 
prosjjerous year. 

Ada Dickik. 


Dk.\r Sistkks: 

Ciamnia again sends greetings to all. This .school year opened 
for us in a very encouraging manner: we started with thirteen active 
members and before long had three new girls pledged, of whcfm we 
are very proud. They are now full fledged Alj)ha Chis. We en- 
joyed the initiation night, especially the spread which followed. 

\Ve have again exchanged frat. halls, and our new one (which 
consists of a .suite of rooms in Woman's Hall) is the object of our 
dearest hopes, and we are all interested in making it a fitting abode 
for Alpha Chis. Among other things, we hope to have <juite a little 
library, musical and otherwise. After the principal part of the 
ing sea.son was over we began having programs at the meetings and 
hope to derive a great deal of good from them. We have had numer- 
ous rushing affairs: Mrs. Coe entertained us one evening in her usual 
charming manner; another time we had a delightful frat. supper at 

30 The Lyre. 

the home of Miss Theodore Chaffee, and Xoveiiil)er 23rd we enjoyed 
«in afternoon card party at tlie lionie of Miss Mary vStanford. Hut the 
most important affair for us was a nuisicale October 2*Stli, at the home 
of Mrs. Coe. Miss Xeally Stevens. (?ne of our honorary Alpha Chis. 
gave Ji piano recital. She rendeied a fine programme in the most 
charming and artistic manner, and received great applause. The re- 
cital was followed by a reception, the reception committee consisting 
of Mrs. Cc)e, Mrs. Lutkin, Misses Florence Harris and Mabel vSiller. 
Our pledged girls presided at the lraj)e tables. The rooms were very 
prettily decorated, es])ecially the spacious music room. The mantel 
was adorned with the golden lyre and festooned with red carnations 
and sniilax. About two hundred invitations were issued, including 
representatives from the faculty, fraternities and town people. Mvery 
one certainly enjoyed the evening very much and considered it a de- 
cided success. Miss Stevens presented C>amma chapter with a pho- 
tograph of herself, which now adorns the frat. hall. 

In the last issue of the "Lyre" appeared a song book notice but 
as yet no songs have been sent in. Gamma chapter has the getting 
out of the song ])Ook in charge, and since we want it to be a success 
w-e again urge all Alj)ha Chis to send in the songs soon. Ivach chap- 
ter must furnish at least live, and we hope our alumni will send some 
also. We are urging our girls to use their musical abilities and hope 
for good results. With best wishes. 

LiLMAX Sii.i.KK, Sec'v. 



Mi-advii.m:, Pa.. Nov. 24, i.Ss>7- 
The year njK'iied with Delta in good condition. Jvleven active 
members returned, lour of whom were in the ladies' boarding hall. 
A great many new stiulents entered college this fall and the Hall was 
filled with girls, lorty-fivt* in all. We did not rush in at once, as for- 
merly, for on the first Saturday night of the term the three girl fra- 
ternities signed a conlracl a])p()inting an "asking day." The "ask- 
ing day" was last Mcnidny and yi»ur sisters bid five girls, everyone of 
whom said "yes " WitliDiil wasting liine Delta proceeded to initiate 

The Lyn\ 31 

them last evening. Two of the new girls are in "the Hall," making 
an Alpha Chi half dozen there: the other three are town girls. 

Although there was no regular rushing this fall, the girls were 
very nice to the new girls, there were parties and spreads and drives, 
and all that sort ot thing. The first large Irat. party was a Hallow- 
e'en parly to which about fifty of our gentlemen friends were invited, 
and a few would-be Alpha Chis. The party was given at the Con- 
servatory and many of the other rooms besides our own. were used. 
Jack-o'-lanterns and evergreen served as decorations. The North - 
western Orchestra furnished music, and some danced; others spent 
much of their time by a small keg in one corner, from which punch 
freely flowed, and still others hovered around the gypsy's tent wait- 
ing to see what fortune had in store (or them. The souvenirs were 
long sticks of candv , tied with our colors. A few. also, receive*! sou- 
venirs in the prize cake, a little tin soldier, a stickpin, a spoon, etc. 
One was lucky enough to draw a pretty <>])al ring, while I found a 
small white pebble in my piece, 'the c)uly ]^trbble on the beach." 
Soon after we gave an informal and it was enjoyed by about eighteen 
couples. Now we are getting uj) a musicale and farce which we ex- 
pect to give in our rooms soon. 

We sincerely hoi)e that this has betrn as hap]n' and successful a 
term with all our sisters as it has been with us. 

L. Fav liAKNAHV, Cor. Sec'v. 


Some time has passe<l sincr Zcta has written to the "Lyre" and 
consequently the sister chapters must be wondering how she is pro- 
gressing. To go back to last June, the principal e\enl«)l im])ortance 
was the reception and baiuiuet given in honor ol two ot our number, 
who were about to receive diplomas and go out from the halls of .\lma 
Mater. This year meetings were begun eniiy in nttobt-r. When 
coming together we numberetl seven and one ot our sillers comesl)ack 
to us with the beginning of the new >ear. As yd we have initiated 
but two new members inlo the sororit> . They an- a great helj) to ns 

32 The Lyrr, 

and we are now wondering how we ever lived so happily without 
them before. 

At present we have on our hands full charge of the entertainment 
to be given in vSleeper Hall Thanksgiving evening. Our program is 
to be slig^htly different from those of preceding years. It consists of 
twelve literary charades and five (iibson pictures, all the characters 
to be represented by the Alpha Chi girls and others whom we have 
a.sked to assist us. During the longer intermissions, while the stage 
is being put in order for the following numbers, we have arranged for 
a few vocal numbers and a violin solo. 

All our spare moments since the lieginning of the school j-ear 
have been spent in making our frat. room cozy and homelike, as when 
it is in that condition we are going to use it for our family sitting 
room. Then we think our life here will be complete. 

Several of our sisters have appeared in the weekly Saturday af- 
ternoon recitals and one in the evening, so far this year. We are all 
working unusually hard as the school course has been made more 
difficult. Four Alpha Chis are preparing for a successful graduation 
in June. Hut that is something those of us who are to be left behind 
do not like to think about. 

Zeta sends greetings to her sis*ers and earnestly hopes that they 
have the promise of as i)rosperous and happy a year as she has en- 
tered upon. 

Kdith Howi.ani) Manchk.stkk. 

Convention Announcement. 

Beta wishes to call attention to the eighth annual convention 
which will bL* held at Albion, Mich., the earlier part of May. We 
are especially anxious for a large attendance, in fad we feel that we 
would rather not have the conventit)n in Albion unless we can have a 
large represenlaliou trom each chapter. Can not all of the chapters 
send several girls? We will entertain fifty right royally if they will 
come. We are determined to have a full attendance or none at all. 

Ada Dick IK. 

I P NEwriAN, 

^^ # A # X ^ l9jeHN ST.. N. V. 

•r to 

Alpha Chi Omega, 

Official Jeweler to 

I confine myself exclusively lo a fine grade of work, and my Jew 
eled Badges are unequalcd for Richness and Beauiy. In Crown 
Settings, particularly, Large Jewels oF 


iBb I are mounted in true Cluster form. 

J * SV^§V^!^ ' make a specially of Pure Diamond or Diamond 
^S^jgg^ Combination pieces, 

I Price List.-Samplcs--Esiimaies-"Sent on application (hrouh 
' your ctiapter. 

T •J.F.Newman, i 

t rianufacturer 

^A^ Diamond and 

Fine Jeweled 
5«* Work Rings. 

W 19 JOHN ST., !V. y. 

♦♦♦♦•••♦ ♦•♦•♦♦^ 

Wright Kay & Qo, 

Largest Manufacturers of High Qrade Fraternity Badges in the United States. 

Important to Alpha Chi Omega Fraternity. ;? :,r,-''w"rk 

havint; lifcii :j»»pi')vf«niy tlir «»ni«.i!S ;it tin- lalf rniiMtition. \vi wen- uppointiil Dllit-ial KadK*" 
Makv.T»4 for Y<iur rr.>t«.iriity. '" I! >«»ur Hjidi-r !•« stainiu-d with mit ti.iiiii. tin ic «•; itolhinK htller 
inaik". Gorresipond with U» u;;^:n«liiiji I'-: tiiry |r\vt-liy .\.>\».hits .m.l >!:iii»iiu i y. Sam 
])Ios >Jiiil niMMi .ifi^ilii. :iti(iii tlnmi^li \>mii rli.i]»U r. \»l(in>«« 

140^142 Woodward Ave., Detroit, Mich. 


118 l'^2 E. Mam St., Crawfordsville, Indiana. 

Over Post Office, Greencastlc, Ind. 

i*»t I'li/f. tla.*«- A. St. lit; Cuiivi nti'iti. '.k isi rri/.r. Class H. Slalt- C<Mu«;nlioii. '.^.s. 

ist rii/c. Clas- A. Stale CtMivviition. 'j*-. i>i I'li/i-. (.'Ia«»> li. Statv Coiivcntiim. «/■». 

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Gardner & Co.,* p»- « 

The Palace Restaurant. 

Caterers to the People, 

l^verythin>; dcsirahlc a]M)Ul a firsl-clnss restaurant can he lound here. 


Any (»ne interested in the sul>iect ol mandolins and guitars can 
()l)tain a l>eautifnl hook al)()ut them free hy writing tj) Lyon & Healy, 
Chicago. It contains portraits of over nx^ leading artists, together 
with frank ex])ressions of their oj)inir>n of the new 1S97 mcKlel Wash- 
burn Instruments. DescriptitMis and ])rices of all grades of Wash- 
burns, from the chea])est < >i5.«)«)) upwards, are given, together with 
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Students' Patronage Solicited. 

A WMhburii tinpmvM with brc and makes ■ 
aifttCiallncrcawsln value aathe years RO by. 
It l> nmllj' wurth many (imcs its cosl. 


Comer Wab»»hAv. ond Wjins Si,. Chtawni. _ 

School of Music and Art 

DcPaiiw University. 

i-nll lai'ililit.-; :iiiil i-x(i'ni.-nt ojiiipitR-iu ten- work almi); ;iI1 lines 
ill both llK-c >di..n^. Th^' S',-i-..ii<i 'IV-nii will ojR-ii ill :ill (k-part- 
nieiitsj;imi;iry ^. is.,.s, :,ri.t cnniimK- in N^^ssimi, i-kvi^ii wut-ks. New 
sUnk-lHM-:in (.-iitLr :iii> lii;itK-tl 111 tlK- w-irk :H tills tiini-. For otlicr 
inli.rni;ilion .nMri.-.s IIk' llt-:iii.)l tlu> Silic,.il>, 

Belle A. Mansfield, 
Grceucdstle, Indiana. 

1> ,r \\\- 1 

all riavirli-iil>ln till 

?7159i©lpba Cbi ©meaa. 

• Cbapter VolL 

Iz _^._ ,/ 

Alpha DePauw I'niversity, Oreencastle, Indiana. 

Beta Albion College. Albion, Michigan. 

Gamm.\ Xorthwestern University. Kvanston, Illinois. 

Delta Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania. 

Kpsilon, University o\ Southern California, Los Angeles, California. 
Zkta, New Plngland Conservatory. Hoston. Massachusetts. 

6ranb Cbaptcr-^-^Hlpba- 

(Bcncral i^fflcctd. 

President Mary Janet Wilson, Alpha. 

Secretary Alta Mae Allen, Beta. 

Treasurer (rertrude Ogden, Delta. 

CorresponMnd Secretaries. 

Alpha Raeburn Cowger. 

Beta Alta Mae Allen, 405 Erie St. 

Gamma Lillian vSiller, H31 Foster St. 

Delta U. Kay Barnaby, North Park Ave. 

Epsilon Jessie Leone Davis, 2904 X'ermont Ave. 

Zeta, Edith Hovvland Manchester. 82 Burnett St.. Providence, R. I. 




Fannie BloomHeldi^Zeislerf 

568 East Diyision Street* 

Chicago* lUinoir 

Miss Ncally Stevens, 

Concert Pianist* 

Alameda County, 
Residencci San Lomezo. 


Maud Powellf 


40 West Twentieth Street. 

New York City. 

Marie Decca, 

Prima Donna, 

Q^^^^f^QyyOperai Oratorio, Concert, Etc. 

Address . Care The Musical Courier, New YoriK. 



Alpha Chi Omega 

VOL. m. MARCH 1898, NO. L 

German and French Organ Music 

Read bcfprc the "O. M. T. A." at Delaware, Ohiu, Dec. 2b, 1^97. preceedinf^ an Oriran Recital of 
French and <>erman compositionK (riveu hy Mrs. Ark<'ll-Kixford. 

One may study the characters of the typical Frenchman and Ger- 
man, then play a composition of Bach and one of (juilmant or Caesar 
Franck (the Bach of France) and the comparison in each case will 
savor of the same. Each was brought up in a different sphere. One 
belonging to a people who have always taken life seriously: con.sider- 
ing and grappling with the weighty matters, and accepting the sim- 
plest pleasures religiously and gratefully. The other from a long line 
of pleasure loving folks, living merrily in the today, caring little for 
the tomorrow beyond a hopeful, oftentimes indifferent thought for the 
future; making pleasure the chief aim of existence — ^how can there 
fail to be a marked individuality in the music of each? 

Let us take a brief look at the (^erman side of the case: German 
organ music deserves to be and ought to he what Rheinberger and 
Merkel haVe given us, for as early as 1440 the Germans were delving 
into contrapuntal mysteries. The progress of the Reformation was 
for atimean impediment to advancement in polyphonic compositions, 
the discontinuing of the Mass causing a demand for secular song 


4 The Lyre, 

writing which developed into the four part chorale. The 17th cen- 
tury saw greater prominence given to the organ: the chorale was then 
always supported by organ accompaniment. The very strict counter- 
point of the preceding century gave place to modern part writing, 
which has been the true strength of every German composer from 
Bach to Brahms. 

The i8th century, through Bach and Oraun. brought the instru- 
mental fugue to a state of perfection which has never been equalled 
and doubtless will never be surpassed. F'ifty years after Bach*s death 
his fugal influence began to be more strongly felt among composers, 
and now as melody stands the distinguishing trait of French organ 
music, harmony and contrapuntal work have been bequeathed to the 
Germans bv their dearly revered Bach. 

^ » 

The Fugue in G by Krebs, who studied with Bach for nine 
years, is a ma.sterpiece and one of the very few in organ literature 
which can stand comparison with the famous (i minor or A minor. 
Bach with his dry humor showed his fondness for his pupil by saying 
"he was the best crab (^^Kreb ) in all the brook (Bach )." Mendelssohn's 
six organ sonatas are wonderful examples of independent thought 
working in an almost untried field, and have exercised a jK>werful 

We have rapidly come to the present day when the names 
of Rheinberger, Merkel and Dienel stand as the finest exponents of 
organ sonata writing. Not only is the true (jernian character found 
in their .sound contrapuntal style, iheir for fugal writing; but 
the deep religious nature is c«)nstantly bnmght out in their reverence 
for, their clinging to. grand «)ld psalm tunes and chorales: note 
Rheinberger 's Tastoral Sonata. In the first movement the pedals 
thunder out the magnificent eight psalm, at intervals taken on the 
manuals, and recurring in tlie last movement: a fanfare-like fugue, 
booming out tlur psalm above the stately trumpet theme. In the 
first movement of his 4tli Sonale the <)tli psalm is the leiKling motif 
to the work. This, like nearly all of his .sonatas closes with a fugue. 
Gu.stav Merkel wrote prolilically and instructively for the organ. 
Among his works are nine exquisitely written sonatas, two fantasies 


The Lyre, 5 

and fugues, many fugues in the "alia capella*' style, a sonata and an 
organ duett, beautiful in construction and ending; with the usual 

Otto Dieuels four organ sonatas are masterpieces. The one on 
today's program is written around the chorale "How great is the Al- 
mighty Grace,*' and exemplifies the tact that a sonata should always 
be played intact, not separate movements abstracted, for this chorale 
gives the religious motif to the first movement and is then worked 
up for the elaborate climax of the last. Dienel has more of the French 
style than the other two composers, inasmuch as his climaxes gen- 
erally aim for a brilliant an<l showy effect in addition to the thematic 

Before we look at the French school we must remember in organ 
music the Germans were composing fugues and sonatas two hundred 
years ago; while in Franct- organ compositions al that time were but 
little known. It has been left to the lot of the last quarter century 
compK)sers to elevate and dignify French organ works. (.)ne need 
only play Ouilmant's sonatas. Widor's symphonies or Franck's more 
serious compositions to realize the depth and beauty of the best of 
the modern French organ school. While the ( lermans did so much 
in the past, working always on the old loundalions, destroying noth- 
ing, building up story on story, the French have their organ reputa- 
tion to make as a present and future or.e. As Wid(»r aptly puts it, 
"Paris in organ music is but a stu<lenl of twenty years' growth.** 
And as Pari.s — .so France. 

Before the seventeenth centurv little was done in France (musi- 
cally ) and it was left to Jean Batiste Lulli, an Italian by birth, to 
attain a proficiency in c(Uinterpoinl almost (ferman. but he u.sedwith 
it so niuch originality the effects were more Italian. Among later 
important names we find Rameau. who was recognized a>> one ot the 
best theorists of the time in Kurope. Both these men worked mainly 
lor dramatic effects and their best work came forth in operas. 

In 1774 Gluck, a German, but a student of Italy, reformed and 
built up the opera, and throughout the last few centuries the history 
of French music can be called a history of French opera. One must 


6 Ihe Lyer. 

remember that in Paris the great road to fame and fortune for music- 
ians is the stage. The French school has produced innumerable in- 
strumentalists but few instrumental composers; and while one cannot 
but confess that, though like Saint Saens they may be excellent con- 
trapuntists, their aim is too often for picturesqueness and dramatic 
effects. Neither the sonata nor the quartet have found a congenial 
home in France. French versatility is shown in the works of Theo. 
Dubois, which range from sacred cantatas (his celebrated **Seven 
words of Christ") short operas, ballet music, and multitudinous or- 
gan compositions. 

When the French did produce a musician of the strictly severe 
school such as Caesar Franck, he like a prophet, was not appreciated 
in his own country. His works include an important collection of 

organ music showing loftiness of thought, purity of form, a natural 
richness of development, but all in so severe a style that, though 
called the Bach of France as Wely is styled the Auber, his works 
are but seldom heard. As a star of the first magnitude shines Alex- 
Guilmant, a pupil of Lemmens, and by all conceded to be the great- 
est organist of the present time, and one whose compositions will 
wield an influence years after he is no more. He has done more to 
elevate and ennoble French organ music than any other one in the 
past or present. His First and Fifth sonatas are noble specimens, 
the fifth showing a great difference from his earlier sonatas. The 
scherzo and the last movement are magnificent. One of his earlier 
works, • 'Lamentation," prompted by the death of a beloved friend, 
is one of the saddest and most beautiful in the entire organ repertoire. 
His "Funeral March and Seraphs' Chant" is probably his best known 
work. St. Saens has composed three exquisite rhapsodies on Breton 
folk songs, and two finely written fantasies. 

Dubois, as before mentioned, is a busy composer, the greater part 
of his organ compositions being short pieces, his **Messede Manage" 
is probably his most elaborate as well as most beautiful. 

One fact must be noted in speaking of the two schools. Aside 
from the difference in temperament, the French have with few excep- 
tions, far superior organs to those found in Germany. In the latter 

1 68 

Ihe Lyre. 7 

place little has been done in organ bnilding. Organs mainly built 
for the superlative contrast in tone color, and that tempt one with 
their soft reeds and exquisitely voiced flutes to produce bewitching 
melodious effects, tricky fanfares and toccatas, soft sensuous strains, 
these the French have at their command, and these are no doubt re- 
sponsible for much of the dramatic organ music given us by France. 
Widor, whose stupendous symphonies call for the most elaborate 
coloring and agile execution, seems to think the English, German 
and French schools are daily growing closer: and the stronger the 
Bach influence over all music, the more probable that might be, for 
in the words of Schumann: ''To Johann Sebastian Bach music owes 
almost as great a debt as a religion to its founder. ' ' 

Lillian Arkrll-Rixkord. 

Seal Lullaby. 

Oh! hush thee, my baby, the night is behind us, 
And black are the waters that sparkled so green. 
The moon o'er the combers, looks downward to find us 
At rest in the hollows that rustle between. 

Where billow meets billow, there soft be our pillow. 
Ah! weary we flipperling curl at thy ease! 
The storm shall not wake thee, nor shark overtake thee, 
Asleep in the arms of the slow-swinging seas. 



8 The Lyre, 

The Niederrheinisches Musikfest. 

Jly Adolph SchelKchniidt. Vt- Hist, and l»r<>fesHf»r in Dd'aiiw riiivernity School of Music. 

Of all tilt' celebrated concerts jjiveii abroad, those jpven during 
the Xiederrheinische Musikfest may be mentioned as the most famous. 
They occur aniuially in the Rheinish cities, alternating with Cologne, 
Aix-la-chapelle and Diisseldorf, existing; now about seventy-four 
vears. It was in '92 that I heard the 69th Festival in Cologne, the 
concerts taking pbice in the old (uir/enich vSaal. It is an honor to 
participate in these great concerts, consequently noted musicians 
come from various parts ot Ciennany, Holland, Belgium, and France 
to assist. 

The orchestra composed of 130 musicians, including four harps, 
and a chorus of 665 was under the direction of Herr Dr. Prof. Pranz 
Wiillner. one of Europe's ablest conductors. The chorus is made up 
of singing .societies from Cologne. Aix-la-chapelle and Diisseldorf. 
The honors of concert meister were divided between Gustav Hollaen- 
der, at that time al the Cologne Conservatory, now in Berlin, and 
Henrv Schradieck, now in I^rooklvn. The six soloists were Frl. 

■ ■ 

Elisabeth Leisinger, soprano, from Berlin; PVl. Theresa Malten, 
soprano, from Dresden: Krl. Charlotte Huhn, contralto, from Cologne: 
Herr Willy Birrenkoveii, tenor, from Cologne: Herr Carl Perron, 
barytone, from Dresden: and Herr Pablo de Sarasate, violinist. 
Think of this array of artists. ICvery one was interested in the con- 
certs and there was music and •musicians galore. Among all the 
strangers who attended the Festival were celebrated composers, such 
as Jean Louis Nicode: Tinel, composer of the great oratorio St. Fran- 
cis, and many otliers. 

The three concerts were i)receeded by six public rehersals for 
which four marks • Si. 001 was the admission and at this every seat 
taken. The first c«mcert was given Sunday. June 5th and began at 
six o'clock. Compositions from (rerman compo.sers were performed, 
opening with the overture "luiryanthe" by C. M. von Weber, Schu- 
mann's Symphony in D minor Xo. 4 and vSiegtried's Death, by Wag- 
ner, were the other orche.stral numbers. Beethoven's 9th Symphony 


The Lyre. 9 

differing from his other symphonies as it is the only one written also 
for a chorus; together with the 114 Psalm. Mendelssohn, and 
Triumphlied by Brahms, were the works for chorus and orchestra. The 
second day was devoted to the works of Italian and French compos- 
ers, with such works as Cherubini's overture '*Anakreon," Verdi's 
Requiem for solo, chorus and orchestra and "Romeo and Juliet," a 
dramatic symphony for solo, chorus and orchestra, by Hector Berlioz. 
Great enthusiasm was shown, and shouts of bravo came from all 
parts of the vast saal. Not alone were visiting artists -'•pplauded in 
this manner but home people whose artistic capabilities were acknowl- 
edged and appreciated won an equal amount of applause. Quite 
different from an American audience, who only applaud strangers, 
the talent in their midst being forgotten. On the last day was a mis- 
cellaneous program. The greater part however was German music: 
the works of Liszt, Lalo, Wagner, Beethoven, Rubinstein, Bruch. 
Richard Strauss, etc. The playing of Sarasate is never to be forgot- 
ten. He played the Symphony Espagnole by Lalo. Upon another 
occasion I heard him play Bruch 's G minor concerto as I never ex- 
p>ect to hear it again. The Kai.sermarsch from Wagner for chorus 
and orchestra brought the festival to a close, and to me the Nieder- 
rheinisches Mu.sikfest is one never to be forgotten. 



lo The Lyre, 

Awaiting the Prelude, 


Awaiting the prelude, 

Timid she stands. 
The modest, pure maiden. 

With folded hands. 
Her Madonna face so divinely fair 
As she waits for the prelude, stand in)>: there. 
And the quickenini; heave of her thr(»M»inj^ breast 
Is trenihlin)( tlie roses that on it rest. 

And across that sweet face 

Dim shadows flit, 
Hut a nitmient later, 

It is relit, 
l*'or the parted lips and lifted hUu'eycs 
Seem asking a blessing from yonder skies. 
Then the music mute, and she s<>ft1\ siti^js 
And the sweet voice echot-s and swells ;ind rin)is. 

When tenderly, sweetly 

It dies away. 
As fades the last beam 

Of departing; ilay: 
As from sorrowinj^ shades of ni^^lit doth liU 
The soul above, and the vi^ioom-douds rift, 
The enchanted listener (could it 1)e wroiij^;-" i 
lM)r^ettinji[ the singer, heeds only the son^. 
March iS, 1S98. I,. ('.. A. 


The Lyre, ii 

Madame Julia Rive^King, 

I'RtJM .1/m.%v Hy W. B. S. M. 

To Miulanie Julia Rive-King belongs the honor of having con- 
Irihiitticl i<» a greater extent than almost any other artist to the ele- 
vating «»t the standard of piano playing in this country. When Julia 
Kive returned from abroad her debuts were made in brilliant com- 
l>ositi«»ns, the Liszt concerto in B fiat, and the Beethoven concerto in 
K Hat, being works m which she distinguished herself in the East. In 
the central West, however, at that time less advanced than at present, 
sht' dt-|)ended upon brilliant works, of which she had a great store: 
but the masterpiece of her art was the second Hungarian Rhapsody 
«it Lis/t, wliich she played with a fire and finish which perhaps has 
iit-vcr been surpassed in this country. It took everybody by storm, 
i-ritics and the general public alike. 

Alter her first appearance in Chicago the papers said that the 
young Cincinnati girl took everything by storm, and the admirers 
\vhi> instantly clustered around her wondered, and never ceased to 
wonder, where the (piiet and unassuming girl kept this store of vir- 
titosi» firtr which shown out from her work. Then ensued a period 
in which she played great recitals, a period which lasted from 1876 
t«>r iilnrnt ten years. Great programs of the very best which the art 
oi music affords, she gave far and near, in large towns and in small; 

ill sch<K)ls, and in private houses, for it was the fortune of this gifted 
)^irl to come into an immediate popularity, thanks perhaps in part 
ti> the skill of her manager, Mr. PVank H. King. And after this 
time of endless work and worry, she settled down in New York and 
had a time of orchestral engagements, including one hundred with 
the Thomas orchestra, and the same number with Gilmore. 

Many were her appearances with the Philharmonic and what 
other few orchestras we had. And then a time when in poor health 
she played mainly in private in New York. 

Just now she has completed a tour with the Seidl orchestra, 
extending to about thirty concerts in Indiana, Ohio and so on. She 
has been playing the Saint -Saens concerto in G minor and the Rub- 



12 The Ly^e, 

itistein concerto in D minor. Both of these, for finish and technique, 
and perfect sympathy between player and accompanying orchestra, 
have never been surpassed, nor equalled, excepting perhaps when 
Theodore Thomas accompanied Rnbinstein in the Beethoven fifth 

Madame King*s playing is as attractive as ever, more so. for it 
is riper. Her technique is as good as ever, and for many years she 
set the pace in this country in this part of piano playing art. Her 
work seems even more musical than formerly. While it has the few 
eccentricities of genius, it is playing to hear with respect, profit and 
love. It grows upon one. 

In the forests of Nubia grows « tree from which, when swayed by 
the wind, come .strange .sounds like the notes of a flute, fife or whistle. 
The vocal tree is a terror to the natives. The sounds are caused bv 
the wind blowing through little holes iu the tree that have been made 
by insects. 





Ptitilishtrti ijiiartrrly by Alpha Chapter. Ilaiiticr Timers oflfictr. circ-ciiCMstlt*. Iiid. 
Siih.Hcriptioii. 75 cts. \h:t vcar. Siiififle copic*. jit cts 
ADVKRTISINC; RATKS — Full nniart:. 5io.'>": half paj^f. <t.<)o; ipiartcr iKtjft- . 5; 'v it^ 
All iiiattrrial for the next iiiiinher must hv in bv May .>«)th. 
AflAHVjA.VKT Wii.sox. K:litiir AsHtstanis. MiMred Kntleiliie.— Sii\)scriptions. Helen Hanna 
Birch. —IV.tsonals Kaeburu C«»w'j^er -Chai>ter C()rresi>«)n<lcnce. 

VOL. in. C.KKKNCASTLK. IN!>, MARCH. |S«^. NO. i 


The editor extends greetings lu Alpha Chi Omega. We hope 
that there will be a united effort to make the coming convention a 
success, and that much practical work will he accompli.shed. We 
are sure that Beta will do her pari and it remains for each cha]>ter to 
send delegates competent to represent them and who will return 
read V. for active fraternity work at home. 

Copy for the June number of the **L\ie*' must be in by May 2u. 
Let us endeavor to have no delin<iuencies on the letter list. The 
chapters that are careless in this matter are the ones that most need 
the inspiration which comes from co-operation in the general work. 
The letters should be written with care and contain an account of the 
school and fraternity work of the chapter. As we hope through these 
pages to stir up enterprise for high grade work we will publish recital 
programs of our members which are given as part ol school work. 
Please send in such programs and they will be inserted when we have 


14 The Lyre, 

Would it not be well to have the songs already prepared for the 
new book presented at the next convention and plans for the book 
discussed. There is no use in compiling a hook too hastily. We 
want it to be good in every respect. 

A few words in regard to finances may be in order. Kach chap- 
ter and each member of each chapter should plan expenditures in 
such a way as to have money for general fraternity work. The gen- 
eral assessment, "Lyre" subscriptions, and all such expenses should 
be arranged for before money is invested in enterprises of less impor- 

We hope to have the name of every new member of this year 
added to our subscription list. The .secretaries should make a can- 
vas and show the importance of subscribing. The "Lyre" cannot 
benefit those who do not read it. 

Would we not derive more benefit from the convention if it 
came early enough in the year to permit the carrying out of work 
planned during the same school year. 

We ask our readers to read carefully the advertisements and 
patronize our advertisers. 


lite Lyre. 15 

Chapter Personals* 


Mayme Jennings will visit us in June. 

Louise Ulyette is in school again this spring. 

Feme Wood will give her Junior Recital in voice April 13th. 

Lucy Andrews, of Brazil, has resumed her work in the music 

Donna Williamson has added work in the art department to her 

Miss Grace Wilson was married during the holidays to Mr. Fred 
Pullen, Centralia, 111. 

There will be several Alpha Chi recitals this term, but the dates 
have not yet been stated. 

Emma Creek was called home the last of last term on account of 
the illness of her father. 

Lillian Moore has taken steps for the organization of the Indian- 
apolis members of Alphi Chi. 

M able Forshee left April ist for her home in Kinmundy, 111., 
where .she will teach this spring. 

Josephine Tingley who has been seriously ill at the Deaconess 
Home in Toronto is regaining her health. 

Mayme O'Dell and Pearl vShaw will not he in school this spring. 
They each have large cla.sses at their homes. 

Several members of Alpha Chapter have suggested a general re- 
union in June. We hope to arrange for such a re-union some time 

The article by Miss Kate Reynolds which appeared in the 
i.ssue of The Lyre, was recently publi.shed in a Washington, D. C. 
paper with the writer's picture. 

Mrs. Jes.sie Heiney Windle. of Huntington, visited Mrs.. Anna Mc- 


1 6 The Lyre 

Cnrdy, of Kl. Wayne. They are both keeping up their music and 
are members of the matinee musicale in their respective towns. 

A recent number of the Kansas City Journal, contains a very 
complimentary notice of Mrs. Jenn Whitcomb Fenn's musical work 
in Leavenworth. Kansns. ' Mrs. Fenn has recently published a song 
for contralto. 

BETA. Mabel Butler will return to college for the spring term. 

Miss Ida Billinghurst is studying art in the Pratt Institute, New 
York . 

Miss X. Irene Clark was married to Mr. Fred W. Austin Wed- 
nesdav evening, January 19. 

Miss Myrtle Matson, of Cedar Springs, will be in Albion in 
April to as.sist in the Alpha Chi concert. 

Miss Katherine Roode has s])ent the last two months with her 
cousin, Josephine Barber, of DePere, Wis. 

Mrs. Lulu Kellar Laudig now resides in Chicago where her hus- 
band is connected with the Illinois Steel W^orks. Clarissa Dickie, who is studying with Dr. Wm. Mason in 
New York, will probably return to Albion in May. 

Miss Mabel Collins has been obliged to give up her po.sitibn in 
the Raton Rapids high .school on account of poor health. 

GAMMA. Theodora Chaffee left February tor Hot Springs, 
Arkansas. Su/anna Mulford has moved to New York to live, but we 
expect a short visit from her in Ma v. 

We were extremely glad to receive a song for our new book from 
one of the alumni of the fraternity. We hope others will follow the 
good lead. 


The Lyre, 17 

Miss Susanna Mnlford visited in Hernuula for a tew weeks this 

Miss Amy Martin, of Balaton, Minn., is again with us atten(lin*> 
ihe School of Music. 

Miss Alice Grannis, of Mankato, Minn., has returned to school 
to finish her post graduate work in oratory. Klfieda Coleman was the guest of Miss Klla Young in De- 
cember, who entertained the chai)ter in her honor. 

Miss Maud Collins, of Zeta, visited in town thi^ winter and we 
were glad some of the girls had the opportunity of meeting her. 


Miss Klla Mae Jack was married to Mr. C. C. McMahon, of 
Apole, Pa., in January. 

Miss Bertha Cribbs, 01 Oil City, s])ent three da>s last week in 
Meadville, as the guest of Miss May (fraham. 

Delta expects to send two delegates to the convention this year, 
and .some others of the girls are hoping to go. 

Miss Anna C. Ray has gone to New York to continue her vocal 
work, and will not return until late in the spring. 

Miss Juvenilia O. Porter, a neice ol Mrs. Hull the director of 
the Conservatory, is the latest addition to our chapter. 

Miss Evelyn Bright and Miss vSara Evans, both of (ireenville, 
assisted in a concert given here by Mr. ICrnest Gamble, a tew weeks 

During the holidays the marriage of Miss Effie E. vSherred to 
Mr. Wui. Johnson, of Greenville, took place at the bride's lumie in 
Venango, Pa. 

Miss Ruby Krick, of Conneautville. is the guest ol Mi^s Tyler. 
One afternoon last week they gave a delightful informal reception to 
the girls and Ruby became acquainted with all her sisters. 


1 8 The Lyre, 

Fre(iiient letters from Herliii tell of Miss Hdsall's increasing de- 
light in her work under (lernKin instructors, and of her great pleas- 
ure in many of the (icrman social enjoyments. 

Delta's last initiate is Miss Mabel Beyer, of Funxsutawney, Pa., 
a student in both the vocal and instrumental departments of the Con- 
servatory. The Alpha Chis now number seven in Huiing's Hall. 

Miss Susanna Porter ex])ects to spend next week with her 
l)rother. Mr. John L. Porter, one of Pittsburg's leading bassos. Miss 
Porter entertained the Hall Alpha Chis at her home on last Friday 


Jessie Davis is taking Klocution and Physical Culture. 

Delia Hoppen expects to lake post graduate work next semester. 
She has a large class of pupils at Ventura. 

Ora Willard and Xell Kurton will graduate this year from the 
College •)f Music and Nellie (ireen from the departmentof lilcKnition. 

Ina (lothard has just returned from her lour of the state. She 
had a most profitable and enjoyable Irij). She reads, sings and plays 
Ihe cornet, and gave many entertainments. 

G>nvention Announcement* 

It will be necessary for Heta to inform the siller chapters through 
letters as to the exact dale of the C()nvenlion. for it has been im]>o.ssi- 
ble to decide definitely the most favorable lime. However, it will 
])robably be held the earlier p:nl of May. and we are planning for a 
great time. Let everv chapter send several representatives. 

I So 

The Lyre. !9 

Qiapter Letters, 


As the close ot the second term of school draws near. Alpha, in 
lookinj^ hack over the work done, is justly proud of her success. 
This has been a most encouraging term for Alpha. The o])ening of 
the term brought many new students to DePauw, es])ecially to the 
School of Music. The Alpha girls soon busied themselves in caring 
for these new girls, and as a result six new names have been added 
to our chapter roll. Kmma Creek, Myrtle Mischler. Florence Mur- 
phy and Ilonora Davih are loyal pledged members, while Lulu Park- 
hurst and NL'ibel Korshee wear the "mystic lyre." Our chapter now 
numbers thirteen initiated girls and ten pledges. With our twenty- 
three girls gathered together in our fraternity halls, we feel that we 
are indeed a large family, and we ha\e spent many evenings both 
plea.santly and |)rofitably. Our work has consisit-d of literary and 
musical programs. It has been our favorite scheme this year to study 
the lives and works of some ot our best artists and composers, closing 
the programs with musical selections Irom each Thus we 
have chosen a systematic way of learning the characteristics and 
I)eculiarities of each compo.ser, and have found it highly entertain- 

The busiest time of the year is fast a})proaching — the time when 
the advanced girls begin to measure the nearnes.^ of their recital 
nights by the few intervening weeks. Four ot our girls are prepar- 
ing to give programs in the near future. They are ]>ost-graduate, 
Helen Birch: vSenior, Fva Osborn. an<l Juniors, Lulu Parkhurst and 
Kerne W<x)d. 

We were glad to welcome Lucy Andrews back this term. She 
entered upon her Senior year on Violin, and we hope to keep her 
with us until her work is finished. We will als<i be pleased to have 
Louise Ulyette with us again next term, atter an absence of one 


20 The Lyvf, 

It has been our privilege to enjoy several social evenings this 
winter, and a short time ago Ali)ha entertained about eighty of 
\\K\x friends at the home of Miss Janet Wilson. The house was very 
prettily and tastefully decorated and dainty refreshments were served. 
The evening was spent in various little amusements and a nitisical 
program was given. 

We learn with regret that perhaps several of our girls will not be 
in school next term, yet we ho|)e our enthusiasm to be such as to 
compensate for what we way lack in numbers. That each chapter 
may have been strengthened during the winter past is our wish, and 
anticipating yet greater unity in our work. Alpha extends best wishes 
to all. 

kAi:mKN Cnwc.KK, Cor. St^'y. 


Beta entered u]>on the new year with her usual vim, and the 
strong determination to makt^ iStj.s a year of profit and enjoyment. 
We have initiated outr loyal girl since the last issue of the Lyre, 
.Maude Armstrong, of Detroit. It was with rejoicing that we wel- 
comed sister Ivmma IMit^l])s l)ack this term, our active chapter now 
numbering thirteen. As vet however we have felt none of the bale- 
ful results which it was feared this unlucky number would bring. 
Our programs have been of esp-.-cial inlert'St this term. Resides our 
usual musical research work we have kept in touch with the best lit- 
erature of the day, eaeli i»irl reading and reporting upon one of the 
latest books. \\\* have also had a series of sketches concerning the 
artists who are to take part in the Musical Festival in June. 

Heta cha])ter has felt ver\ deeply the of one of the truest and 
best friends she has ever had — Prof. Carl H. Sheifler, until last vear 
the director of the Conservatory. He died January 28th. 

We have commenced work on rnir annual Alpha Chi concert, 
which we ex])ecl to intlicl upon the trusting public April 13. Some 
of the students have been ma<le to feel this month that '*the way of 


T he Lyre 2\ 

the transgressor is hard." Ahoiit tlit* hist of January a ])aily of 
twenty went on a sleigh ride without jierniission and unarconi])ani('d 
by a cliaperone. Extra work of about out- lliousand lines of transh;- 
tion in Latin or Oreek was imposed bv ihr facnltx ui)on all of the 
offenders, and the young gentlemen had to undergo the arldilional 
affliction of being deprived of all social j)rivile};es for one monlii. It 
has been indeed a severe punishment, but perhaps will i)r()ve lo be a 
good lesson for us. 

Last week Alpha Clii gave a five o'clock tea in honor of Presi- 
dent and Mrs Ashley. Tlie guests seemed to enjoy the e\ ening very 
much and there were many warm and hearty expressions of ai)])roval. 
The tables were very prettily decorated, a scarlet carnation at each 
place and a lighted candle in the center i;iving a {^leasing effect, and 
adding much to the enjoyment of the supjn-r. Kappa Al])ha Theta 
has coniplete<l her new lodge, which is situated in the ^anie giove 
with the other fraternity lodges. The oju-ning rece])tion will ])e given 
next Friday night. The formal inauguration of Dr. John P. Ashley 
as president of Albion College tor)k place Wednesday, February 2,;. 
The exercises exceeded in interest anything tliat occurred in this 
city for a long time. A program of short addresses was given in the 
forenoon, and in the afternoon the formal exercise^ o| ilu- inaugura- 
lion took ])lace. President Ashley, by his energy and i-ntluisinsm. has 
already won the sincere admiration aiu' res]>ect of the stuck nl>. Pela 
.sends warmest greetings to her sister chapters. 

Ada Dick 1 1:. 

(;amma last few months have been the gayest of the year in a 
social way at the university. Many of the sororities have given their 
big parties of the year, and have invited members of the other sorori- 
ties and we have been well re]^resented. We ha<l one big party 
March 4th at the Hoat Club House, and it was certainly a l)ri]liant 
success. Be.sides, the chapter has been entertained at the homes of 



*.*^ !.' ' f 

22 . The Lyi'i\ 

Theodore Chaffee and Grace Richardson. Hut our energies have 
not all been turned in the social wav, bv anv means. We have verv 
interesting programs at the meetings and next meeting we will devote 
our time principally to an article on Mme. Kannie liloomfield-Zeiss- 
ler. Our girls who expect to graduate are very busy preparing the 
programs for their graduation recitals which will soon take place. At 
the recent student recitals a number ot our girls have taken part, and 
have won well deservetl praise. 

So far only a very few songs have been sent in s(» it is impossible 
to begin work on the song book. 

We append an extract from "Music'' in regard to tme of the 
honorary members of our chapter, thinking it may be of interest. 


Mrs. George A, Coe, 

It is a ])leasure to be able to introduce to our readers a teacher 
and ]>ianist so well (iualified by knowledge, art and temperament to 
do thorough and productive work in her ])rofession iis Mrs. Oeo. A. 
Coe. lately installed as teacher of ])iano ul the Conservatory of the 
Northwestern University, and who is also an honorary member of 
Alpha Chi Omega. Mrs. Coe enjoyed many years of .sound instruc- 
tion, her latest being with Hartli at Herlin, where she was known as 
one of the most serious and capable students in the wlu)le class. Mrs. 
Coe. without making ])retenlions to dislinguished virtuosity, is never- 
theless a pianist ol unusual ability, with technic ade(juate to reason- 
able demands ol public ])laying au<l \vilh interpretations which are 
sound and musical. 

vS])eaking of her I^erlin schooling, il is interesting to mention 
that her admission to the llochschule was after a rigorous examina- 
tion, in which she .vas one of the three successful applicants. She 
was with Harth three years and her last year in Herlin was spent with 
Mos/.k'»wsky. rp=)n l<.*iving Ht-rlin lor America she brought excellent 
testimonials trom all her teachers. 

In achlition to ])re])aring a vali<l repertory t<»r recitals and concert 
engagements, Mrs. Coe has ac<iuired experience in ensemble playing, 


The Lyre. 23 

and during the season will be heard with the Conservatory Oiiarletle 
in the Kreiitzer sonata of IJeethoven, Hachs triple concerto, etc. Mrs. 
Coe recently gave an exceeclingly interesting lecture on **l^riniitive 
Music," a novel feature of which was a discussion of the music of the 
American Indians, which Mrs. Ci)e illustrated. 

She has been engaged by the I'*vanston Musical Club for a course 
of lectures in Musical History, and by the liryant Clid> for a Ifcture 
and recital upon Modern hVench Piano Composers. 


With this number, the "Lyre" starts a new year, giving usagain 
the opj>ortunity to send our good wishes to rdl the sisters. It seems 
to me that we need have no doubt t»f the value of onr quarterly. It 
has been most interesting and heiphil. It is like our open fire — wc 
all draw around it, scarcely knowing why, but finding it veiy cosv 
and comfortable. And unconsciously we come to have a nu)re sym- 
pathetic feeling, and a bond, dee})er and firmer than ever before, 
unites us. 

We. of Delta, have not a great deal of news to tell this time for 
thotigh we have had an unusually large number ot merry times, they 
have been principally such as are had by all IralernUy girls, and 
would not have any special interest to those who did not share them. 
But with all the lusli of our social lile. we have been at our usual 
fraternity work, and a short time ago we initiated two girls. I^Iisabelh 
Patton, who has been a pledi;e member for some lime, and Mabel 

At Christmas time, it is our custom, as soon as the girls return 
after vacation, to have a '•Christmas tor the I^Vat," and we alwavs 
have a very delightful time together. This year the friends and mem- 
bers of Delta showed their love for the cha]Uer in a most delightful 
and practiced way. They ])resented the fraternity with all sorts of 
]>retty ami useful things, which we first admired, and then at once 
proceeded to put to use. VV'e have two graduates in our chapter this 

B,fJJXJ^' . 

24 The Lyre 

year, hotli vdicc* pupils. I*n)Uil as we arc of Iheir achievement, we 
dread to think ot ihc tinu-, so soon to come, when tliey will leave lis. 
Jinl we ieel wc will ^lill have them with us in spirit, at least, for tell 
lis, *Ne daughters ol music,' scattered all over the United States, — 

"0:111 ColK'j^v ci:iys r'ci" lit* Inijkiol 
Or lovf lor AI]»lia Clii?" 

Kditii Ji:anni.tti: Koddv. 

FOR SALE: -A line new Washburn Mandolin. Address "The 
Lvre," Hox if)S. 


The Lyre. 25 


HePauw Tniversily. April, 1S9S. Junior recital by Miss I'Vriii* \Voo<l. vS<ipraiio, 

assisted by Miss Lmv (i. Aticlrews Violiiiisle ami 
Mr. S. R. Amlerson, Pianist. 


1 , I n a Bower .A#t7 « 

2. Four Leaf Clovrr .. Cuomhs 

."? . Lcjfcncle li'it'ttiaxiski 

Miss Atniff w.s 
4 Kl«iH"* Traiim ll'a^nrr 

-^ {h\ Arabesque s A.i/x.i«"# 

Mr. AtkKtsoii. 

K. Day of Resurrection Hiiuufiii 

Violin ()1iti|2ato. Aiidri-vvs. 

7 Aiif Fliiegein <leK Gesan^es yfymU'lsstthn 

s. Cavatma ffaff 

Miss Aiulrfws. 

■I. I.ove in sprinjftime Irditi 

I'... t'.ood NijfJit De KtYtrn 



<»iven by Bessie Alberta 'I'efft. Albion Conservatory. Class '97. Assisted by 

Cora Belle Harrington. Jennie A Worthin^ton. 

I Sonata. t)p. 31, No. I Itft'thuicn 

Allegro vivaci'. Afhijrio vrmxioso. 
2. sonii of the Alniec I.^a lhhhe> 

Miss IlarrinKton. 

.;. Oalatea . ....Ifn\c*t 

4 I>riixicnic <lrandc Value. Op. 21 Strrhzki 

«;. Mailrisal .... i. C'IioinhutiJf 

Miss lliirrinj^toii 

'>. Khajisoilie Hout^roisc. No. i., . . ... .. .. /.is-.t 

s. A Night in May I\ f.iu'nmf 

Mis.s IljirriiiKlon. 

7. Killi Hnllero. tip. ftj .. ..(itmty 

Variations i>n an Knjflish Air. Misst-.s Tefft ami W'lrthin^flon. 



I Meyer Helnuiiul rpiiinoi Murutkn 

Miss Ailelnide Wilson. 
3. I'.oiinod— When to Thy Vision. (Vih'mI.i l-'nu^t 

Miss I'l«»ra lC;istiii:in . 
\ WieniMw.Hki. (Violin.) h'uta'uiak 

Miss Theo While 

4,. Buck. ((Juartet.) Kfbiu Adau 

Miss Aitu Moyer. Miss tit-rtrudi.' Oifdcn. 

Miss Floreiid" }rar])ei. .Miss Ic-nnic o^dt-n. 

Miss L. l'"ay Harnahy. .\ocoi!ipani>t. 

I'ART 11. 

I'KR Tii.KriioM-..— I'i,.^Y iN(».N-i.. .Act 

r.Viiv Harlinfjr Mr. C«in»stock 

Ned Austin . . .M r. Dewey 

Nan Cuxzin Miss Harhn 

Mary HRlcombe Miss Huniniond 

Nora Miss Susan Porter 



The Lvre. 


Honorary Members. 

Madame Fannie Bloorafirld-Zeiitlrr. 
Lavin. Mrs. Mary Howe. 
Kive-KlnK. Madame Julia. 
Yaw. Kllen Reach. 

Decca. Madame Marie. 
I'uwell. Maud. 
.Meven«. Neallv 


Deranw, .Mrs* NewIandT. 

Alden, Lena Hva. 

Bailey. Mrs. Cecilia HppiuffhouMen. 
Bryant. Mrii. Jennie Allen. 
Dixon. MrH. Alma Dahl 


DePauw. Mr*. Chan. W 


Harp. Mrs. Klla <;. 
John. Mrs Orra 1*. 
Wentworth. Alice. 


.\ndrew«. I^ucy f;.. Brazil . Ind. 

.\nnitHf|rt., i*earl. Peru.Ind. 

"AtkinHon. Lulu. Willow Branch. Ind 

Baker. Joanna. Indianola, Iowa 

^Bailey. MrH. Belle Midels. W . Lafayette. Intl. 

Baldwin. Mrs Suda West. V\. Branch. Intl. 

"BulliUKcr. Ina. WillianiKburK. hid, 

Barry. Buuny. Sheldon. 111. 

Beauchamp. Bonnie, Tipton. In<l. 

Beil. Claru. Bluffton. Ind 

* Benedict, Mrs. Cora Branson. 

Beunet. Mrs. Laura Marsh, okahunipka. Kla. 

'Biddle. Maude. Ihiuville. lud. 

Birch, Helen Hauna. ('•reeiicastle. Ind. 

• Bolt Jt. Myrtle. 
Bosler. Lyda. 

'Brown. Virs. Lconore Houz. Kokonio. Ind. 

•livers. Lizzie. Shelby ville. Ind. 

'Carter, olive, liraxil' Intl. 

'Case. Mrs. Miiiiiie Bowman. Covington. Ind. 

Chemiweth. Bvnle. Winchester. Ind. 

'Clark. Blancfie. Colfax. Ind. 

Clark, Mrs olive Burnett. Anderson. Ind 

Colburn. Marion. Michi^im City. Ind. 

Collins. June. Knox ville. Iowa. 

Courey. Carrie. Shelby ville. Ind. 

Co)>eland. Nellie Boltcm. hs'^** Av. St.l'aul.Miiin 

tCouchcr. Louise: 

CowKcr. Raeburn. Monticcllo, Ind. 

Cowperthwaite. Anne. Tom's River. N J. 

Cox. Hmma. Andersim. In<l. 

•Creek. Hmma. Yoeman. lad. 

■Crxiwdcr, Kittle. Sullivan. Ind 

'Davis. Honora. Bourbon. Ind. 

Davis. Minnie. Martin^^vilU-. Ind. 

Deniston. Bertha. IndiaiiaiM>Iis. Itiil. 

DeVore. Altah, (iDell. Ind. 

•DfVore. okah, ODell. Ind. 

'Dobbins. Nellie. W. Lalavette. In. I. 

•Kills. Pearl. Pleasantville. Ind. 

"Kstep. Daisy. Danville. Ind. 

HsterbrcMik. 'Mr;*. Dora Marshall. Orleaii*. Nrti 

FarthinK. Klla. 

Finch. Juliet. LoKausiKirt. Ind. 
Forshee. Mabelle. Kinmundy. II 

•Foster, Hvalyn. Attica. Ind. 

•Foster. Katherine. Palmvra. N. V. 

Fox, Jessie Y.. Champaiicn. 111. 

French. (;ertrude H.. Box ford. 

Fiiqua. Le«ita. 

(iallihue. Maynie. Indianapolis. liuL 

< .amble. Nellit'. 

«;ray. Mrs. Carrie MiMire. i;alveHton. Ind. 

(;ray, .MarKuerite, Chrisman. HI 

Hanil. Mrs. Lillie Thr(N>p. Carbon. Ind. 

Har^rave. Minnie. Princeton. Ind. 

•Harper. Mrs. Nellie /immernian. Brazil, Ind. 

"HaywiMHl. KuiiiiM, Romney, Ind. 

Heatoii. .\liceCary. Knii(htstowii, Ind. 

Herr. Helen. Hraxil. Ind. 

"Hesier. Fjiima. <'.reencastle. I mi. 

Heston. Maud. Princeton. Ind. 

Hestoii. Stella. Princeton. Inil. 

Hill. ( laiidia. Wayiiesbnr);. Ind. 

Hirt. .Mane, (ireeiica.stle. Ind. 

Hirt. Sarah, (^reeiicastlo. Ind. 

Horner. Mela. Medaiyvillc. Ind. 

•Jackson. Kthel. <'>reeiica.stle. Ind. 

•Jaciues. Retta W , Owensville. Ind. 

Jenniuf^s. .Mamie Aila. Newcastle. In«l. 

'Jones. Allies. Reene'.s Mills. Ind. 

Jones. Mary I.. V... Tcrre Haute. Ind. 

Jones. .Mrs. Anna .Augustus. Paris. III. 

Keeiiaii. Mrs . Bessie (;rt>oiiis. Lerov. Ill 

Lank. KIniina. (.reeiicastle. Intl. 

LathrojH'. l%iuma. Delphi. Ind. 

Latimer. Bessie. .Aiiburndale. Mass. 

Leonard, Kstelle. ..'7 W. 12th St.. Cinciniiiili. «). 

LiRhtlnot. Mrs Marguerite Smith. Rushvillf. Ind 

Link. Mis. Maud Rude. Paris. HI. 

LiMle. Carrie, Pine VitbiKe. In<l. 

"Loi'kinlije. Klisabeth. <ireencast»e, Ind. 

'Malev. Maud KdinbiirK. Ind. 

•Martin. D«-ina. Newton. Ind. 

Mai shall, /ella Lesa. Centratia. Ill 

•.May, Cora. Fllettsville. Ind. 

McCiirily. Mrs Annie Bun);er. H. Wavue. Ind. 

.Mckeviiobls. Katharine H.. WashinKton. D. C. 

Meredith, liva K., Muncie, Ind. 

Miller. .Albertta. Kichm<md. Ind. 


The Lvre, 


Miller, Kuinia C ('•refiicastle. Iiid. 

".Mihclilcr. Myrtlr. Hiintiiiffloii. Ind. 

MontKcinirrv. Nellie. 

Moorr. Lillian K-. Iniliaiiapohs. I ml. 

Morgan. Mr<i. Ifuiliel Shnftr. Wichita. K:is. 

Morse. Khtrllr A.. WabuHh. Ind. 

•Murphv, Flo^enc^. \Val>ash, Iml. 

Ncff. .MrV l.ilibir Trier. Portland. Ind 

-Sickle. Knima. WmBeld. Ind. 

•O iJtrll. Kdith. Knllcrttm. N>»» 

«»-I>e1l. Helen C i) Dell. Ind. 

ODcll. Maynu- H.. O I>rll. Ind. 

Ofiut. Mrs.' KlitMla (iarv. HendeiMin. Ind 

U*hurn. Kva. Shelliurii. lud. 

•Parker. Lurrttr. Shelbyville. Iml. 

Par k liar Ht. t.uln. B«jnrl>on. Ind. 

Parrett. Hes«*ic, Patoka. In«l. 

"Pattern. Klnia. Milroy. Ind. 

Panl. (irace. Inilianapoliw. ln<l. 

PecK. Klla (i.. Cireencafltle. Ind. 

*Phillipi. Delia. CoateKville. Ind. 

•Plested. Kdith. rnivernity Park. Denver. Od 

"Piiwell. Mrs. Mate Franh. WabH««h, Ind. 

•Power <irace. Milroy. Ind 

l*ullen. MrH. c;race WiUon. Ceiitralia. 111. 

Hcwl. Kate. Newtown. Ind. 

Kicr. Ilelrn Italrymple. i\:; Park Av ln«i')ils.Ind 

'Rowland Maud. Covington. Ind. 

Kfiwley. Adeline Whitney. Onur^a. III. 

'Kupp*. Valverde. Terre Haute. Ind. 

Ku«»«iel. Corn. Mound Citv. Mo. 

Kutledxe. .Mildred Stale'sr SprlnKfield. Ill 

RyAn. Anna. 

Scutt. Lena. AoderMMi. Ind. 

Shaffer. Miunie. WindMjr. III. 

Shaw. Prarl. Sardinia. Ind. 

ShHunou. Mrs. Margaret Lath roue. .Alexandria, 

Sinedley. Mm. I.euh Wnlker. Indiana|>ollN. Ind 

Smith, Mrs. Anna Allen. (ireiMK-astle. Ind. 

Smith. Kdith. .Maryvilb'. «1o. 

Smith. Mrs.Kathefinr Power .Moore's Hill. Inl. 

'Stunfield. Olive. IndianapoiiA. Inif. 

Steele. Ida Greenliehl. Iiui. 

Sti rrit. Anna Vae. Lo)canM|>ort. Ind. 

SieveiiHon. Vallic VanSandt. Carl>oii. Ind. 

Siitherliii. Kthel 

Syi>e. Olive Ferris. .u>» N- >lain st. K<ii.'Lfor<l. Ill 

TaKK<^rt. Laura. DallaA. Texas. 

TaKKert. Cora, DallaM. Texas. 

Thompson. Mr<. Klla H. (^reensbiirf;. Iii<1. 

Thoinprton. Fl<»rciii'e. M «»<»•■*•< villr. Ind. 

Thornbiirn. Myrtle. Winchester. Ind. 

Tin^Iey. Flora. Marion. Ind. 

Tin^lev. Josephine. Deaconess lloiiie. 

Tf>ronto. Can. 
rilvette. J. Centralia. 111. 
.VaiiDyke. Flora T. Ashmon*. 111. 
Warren. Mrs. .Minnie Mc^Vill. Watseka. III. 
WauKh. Pearl. Tipton. Ind. 
WeisHel, Mrs. Lela Ileil. Hlnffton. Ind. 
Wilder. Mvrlle. Branl. Ind. 
Wilhite. Mrs. Mary K.. Danville, Ind. 
' WilliamtMui. Douna, Noblesville. Ind. 
Wilson. Dorn.(F(NMlland. Ind 
Wilsdii. Mrs Daisy Steele. Indianapolis. lud. 
Wilson. Mary Janet, (treencastle. In<l 
Wiiidle. Mrs. Jessie Heiiiey. HiiiitinKtou. Ind. 
WcmmI. Feme. Hvansville. Intl. 
Vates. Flora. Stillwater. .Vlinii. 



White. .Miss Myrlie K.. ChicaKo .III. 


AUeu, Alta Mae. 504 K. F:rie St.. Albion. Mich. Calkins. Kate. Albion. Mich. 

Allen. .Mrs. Minnio McKeard. Childs. Marian. Calumet, Mich. 

AmiMtroBK. drace. Forty Fort. Pu. Colby Mrs. Martha Keyiiolds. .Jacksnii. \|icli. 
Arnifitrc»nK, .Mrs.Lillian Kirk, Battle Creek. MichColIi'ns, Mabrl. Albion*. Mich. ' 

ArniKtrong. Maude. Detroit. Mich. Clark. Irene. Huron St.. Albion Mich 

Auntin. Lida. Sanlt St.. Marie. Mich. Crittenden. Kiiinia. J««cksou, Mich. 

Avery. HHzHlieth. Phelpa. Ontario co . N ^ 'Crosby. Lena. I.aiisinir. Mich. 

liailey. I^Ioreiice. Albion. Mich. Cushin'aii. Mrs. Jeanette .\Ileii. Vinceiuies. hiil 

Baum. l.ina. Kast Krie St.. Alt>ioii. Mich. Cushnian. Jessie. Thn-r KiA-evs. Mich. 

Baum. Nellie Irene. Kast Krie St Albinn. Mich. ' Custer.>elh. Pana. Ill 

Billinirhunit. Ida, Muski'^on. Micb. David.sou. Ku.sebia. Port Hunm. .Mich. 

Birchard. Louiae. Carabndi^eboro. Pa Dickie. Ada. .'kh K Krie Strect.lAbit>n. Mich 

Brandon. Kathryoe. Mich. Ave.. Albion. Mich Dickie. Clarissa, sui V. V.t'w St . Albion. Mich 

Brcckeiiriilge. Beatrice, a.v Krie St Clexelil o "Dickie. Mamie s«m K Krie St . Albion. Mich 

Brown. Berta. Plainwell. Mich. 
Brown, israce. LansinR. Mich. 
Bnck. Gertrude, Irunwuod Mich. 
Bundv. Blanche. Chicajro. 111. 
Butler. Mable. North Branch. Mich. 
Calkcn*. Bthel. Bijr Rapids. Micb. 

Dickinson Jennie White Pi)feon. Mich 
Disbrow. tirace. Hudson . Mich. 
Dissette. Fannie. Perry St.. Albion. Mich 
Dunbai. Mrs Blanche' Bryant. Pariiiu. .Muh. 
KKRle>«tou. Kittie. MambHll. .Mich 
ICKrIcston. Nina. Marshall Mich. 



Th Lvri\ 

I'airctiilcl. Minnie, Tbin- KlverH. Mich. IMiclps. Ktnnin Crcsco. Mich. 

Fellows, Mrs. Mal>e1 Nix, Homer. Mich. I'rutt. Kv:i. Boston. Mass 

Hcun. Mrs Jean V\hitconil>. I,eaven\vorth, Kjis. K:inis<Iel. Nellie. .\ll>ion, Mich. 

'Foster Mal>el. K Porter St., Alliion. Mich, 

dartlehl. Mrs. .Marian Howlett. .-\lhion. Mich 

'(•oodenow. M.iixic. Albion. Mich. 

(»ulick. Mrs. liattie I.ovcjoy. Albion. .Nfich" 

Hall. .Mrs. l-biMi ArlK-ite, Ionia. Mich. 

Hamly. Alicia. W Hay City. Mich 

Harriiijiiton. Cora. Jacksoii. Mich. 

Ives. Hattie. Chicaffo, 111. 

Kinsman. Ivthd. Calnmet. .Miuh. 

Lane. lionise. .Marshall. Mich. 

LaudiK. Mrs I.nln Keller. .McKecsjiort. l'»-tni, 

Lei'ly. .\nna, Col'»n. Mich. 

I.e<niarcl. Mrs. Hellc Kiske, Albion. .Muh 

Key nobis NIrs. Florence Deleiulorf. 

l>owHKtae. Mirh. 
Kcynobls, Hattie. Jackson. Mich. 
Koafle. Kathertne. .Albion. Mich. 
Koffers. Daisy.Meihna. Mich. 
Scotten. Anna. Detroit. Mich 
"Sheehan. Kathleen. Lock]>orl. N. Y. 
Shedd. Mrs Teavl Franibes. <;rand Ka|)id<i.Mi(-}|. 
Shalwell. Clara. Detroit. Mich. 
Simpson. Kffie. Nashville. Mich. 
>milh. Hellf. ('.rand Kapids. Midi, 
.smith. I.ibbie. Marshall. Mich. 
Snell. Maud. IClKin. III. 
Siiell. Dwisy. Chicago. 111. 

Lovejoy. Nellie Valentine. l.ndinKton. ^Tich. 

I.otl.Mrs r,erlr»de Fairchild.Three Rivers. Micli.S])ence. Mrs. Minnie Lewis. Oberliii. Ohio 

Maher. .Mr?.. Dt-lla Morj^an. Miniie.iiiolis. Minii.SpraKUe. Delia. Kalaniaxor). .Mich. 

McClellan. Dorothy. .Macomb. 111. TelU. Hessie. Albion. Mich. 

.McClellan. Mis C.eor^ina ('.ale. .Albimi. Mich. Thomas. Mrs. .Nellie Smith. SI. Clair. Mich. 

McHattic. .Aililie. Cedar S]>rinKs. Miih Tiiicy. H\a Mar/olf, Coral. Mich. 

McMasters. I.iirie. LudiiiKton, Mic'li. 'r'lwiisj-nd. Mrs. Hellc Miller Champaii^n. III. 

MlIb»r.Mrs H'Mten>e Dsinnnd. .Ann .Arlmr.Mii hTiavis. Cora. Traverse City. Mich. 

\lills. Mrs Clt'iina Schaitz. (*>rand Kapids Mirh. Valentine. Mrs. Cora Hli>«'s. Lansing. Mich. 

Miner. Mav. Inion Citv. Mich Watson, Mvrtle. Cellar Springs. Mich. 

.Mitihell. Mav. Hay City. Mich. Welch. Winifred, Homer Mich. 

"Miishir. M.iiiraret .xibiini. .Mirh Whitcomb. Kose Abernathy. rhiladelphin. I'a. 

Noble. Nh s v, lara binule. Missouri V;illfv. Inwa W«>lfe. »ir.s. Mamie Hariis.Flinl. Micii. 

I'arker. J •-.'■phine. DelVrr. Wis Wi>odhaws. i'loreiice. riainwell. Mich. 

• refine. .Maiy. .Albion. Mich. WiKnlworth. Ora. Albion. Mich. 

• I'erinr. Siisii*. Albion. Mich. Worthinirton Jennii-. Albion. Mich. 


Afibott. Mrs. Carrie W<jods. Schnvlcr. .Srb 

Heckett. Minnie. Chicuro. 111. 

Bellows. Arta .Mae. Maryville. Mo. 

tBciIan. Mar>r"«-rile 

Brown. Mrs. Leila Skellon. .Applet«"ri. Wis 

tHurdick, Mae. 

Chester. Mrs. Laura Iiudloiii;. H«»vvinan\ ilb . Ill 

Coe. Mrs. rniversitylMaot .l\v;iii«t« 

Coleman. KU-'leda.i i'»Steiitoii St. Wiiuoia Minn 

Chaffee. Theodora, bivanstoii HI. 

Chaniblin. Stella. \u Norway "^t. Hf>stiiii. .^Ll->; 

Kricstni. drace. \\\:\n t'm. III. 

l-:vans. Jeaiittte St. l'a\il. Minn 

tVamble. Hel*-u. >Vriy Inw.'t. 

('.iinibli-, .Vlrs. «'.iac'. SlaiijLihtcr oniaha. Nti«. 

C.rafttni. I'*atinie. Hiiistui .Avr. Ivvaii'^ton Ml 

fVrammis. Alive. Maiikat**. Minn. 

Hathawav. Kate. Ko^htlU-. 111. 

Mavs. Mrs. Ldith jnrdaii. 

«»."« Hamlin. SI. I'>a!i«.ii,n III. 

Hansctii. Ci>r<i«'lia. Kf iioska. Wis 
Hams, I'lorencv. i-if-. slu ridan K'»ail. 

Kvaii-iiin. Ill 
Hol>>iirk. Carri*-. l-lvanston. 111. 
Houtfli. Jam-. laek^on. Mich 
Hoiitfh. iHtks m, Mivh. 
Hiii^iirs. Hlaii'li-. I\v.iiis|.u, III 
Kindade AkjUIim. I.HMrk. 111. 
[.ar'ion. Mr- Hi'ssii- c*,. Hamliiic 

St I'aiil. Minn 
Lillvbladc. IMIiil .7 ;s]»in St Denver, dil 

Mulford. su/anua. Hvansitin. III. 

Nhntiii. .Amy. Balaton. .Minn. 

.Mchityre. Mildre<l. Memphis. Tenn. 

.Ml Corkle. .Atheeiia. lndianaiK>lis. Diil 

o^XiHul. Mrs. Mary Sattcrfield, .Marseilles. III. 

Parkinson. HUa, .Mt. v'annel. 111. 

Patrick, Klisabeth. D'-sMoines. Iowa. 

PortiT. Cornelia. Harab<M». Wis. 

■pr-ill. Mabel. DesMniues. Iowa. 

Kuhii- Mrs. Li/.zif snin. Walla Walla Wash. 

\<v lianUnn. C.rav. 117 Hiicna .Ave.. 

Biieiia Park, III. 
Ku'h.n-dson. .\do)yne. Oklahoma. 
K<i>lli}.:. Pearl. 

Sabiii. Mis Lulu Pratt, I'arK<», N. Dakota. 
sj'hmiilt. Mrs Plsther C.ramnns. Mankato.Minn 
Scutt. Ctiia. Mcr.reif»»r. Iowa 
s^-i'i;evs, Cora, oakilale .\ve.. Chicajfo. 
sirickler. Barbara. Lanark, III. 
Simni!. }-;ila. Wankepaii. III. 

sttvriis. Irene. SJ** <ireenw<KHl St. Hvanston, III. 
.^ilb-r. Lillian. Mi Foster St . Hvau.ston. IH, 
>iller. Mabt-1, s^i l-'oster .St.. Kvanston. III. 
Skitf. Blanche. 'The Pla/a." Chicagro. III. 
Stanford. Mary, Chicavfo. Ave.. HvaiiKton. I1L 
Tvn-. Valeria, Lebantm Ind. 
W.ilker Mary. Chicago. 111. 
Weill j»b-. Lena. Waverly, Til. 
Wimmer, Xfaude, Perrv. Iowa. 
Wcller. ^(rs.Jenette >(arsba1l. Omaha, Neb.' 
Vouiiv:. Flla S.. IJ40 Forest Ave. Kvanaton, 111. 


The I A' re 



iiuNoK.vKY mi:miu:rs. 

Hull. Mrs. hivi:i u.. Mradvillr. I'.i. 

I'illll«\-, Nlis^ .N^;i\v KriKi. Nfw Vnrli ^"itv. 

CKAJ'TIK Kol.l. 

liiiLf*! Kalhariiio. Spring Crerk. I'm. 

Barlier. Marjiaifl H. Mradvillf. I\i. 

B.-Yriiati>. 1, I'av Mtailvirr. I';*.. 

Bate**. HlortMiif. ^T^nlivi^l^ . I'a 

Beyer, NImI»»:1, I'unxiiil.iuiu y \\\. 

HlfMljfvtl. Liicilr. V«»iini;sii.\vii I'.i. 

Hrif^ht. Kvt iyii. iVrcvii villi . i'.i 

Brown. Mrs Aiitonutlr Snyi!».r. .Mfn«i'»lh-. !'.« 

Byr«'s. France-. C'M>p«.*i -t'»wii. V.x 

Chi'sf. B'.Ilr. r.rrtrnvilU". I'.i 

Church. Akih - IN^nsini. Mc;iii\ ill*'. I'a. 

Covraii. I< Anollo. I'a 

C'ribbj*. B«-rtli:i SiVntli nil vJilv. I'.t 

Ditk. .Mrsjolin, Mra'lvillc. I'a. 

Ka-tmaii, l-'lora. Mc-ailvillf, I'a. 

Kdsall. Htlrn Khiiira. N Y. 

Kviiiis. Sara. <'.n.t:nvinr I'a. 

Fair, I.n. S<iuth «>ii city, !'a 

tFoiitf. Mar\ 

f>rahaiii. May J. Mrailvillc. Ta. 

Ilaninioiifl. r»raot'. .Moa«l\ilIc. I'm. 

Htillisttr. Mrs. Carrie «.a-tini. C'Khrantt)ii l':<, 

Harper. I'lori'tice. McacivilU-. Pa. 

Horiie. Jiinuf Ar/t-lla J'.n-rnvillr. I'a. 

IrxHii, Rcl>ic Flovl. Meailvill*-. T.i . 

Jfihii«.*>n. Mrj«. Kffie Shi-nnl. ( rn-'iu iP'-. I'a. 

Kiffrr, KWi".-. .'i'; Fourth .\vt l'itl-lMii.:.r I'.i 

Kirk. Riihv Iv Ciuinf-aiilvillr Fn. 

Laffer. Mr^ C,crirn»lo Sack<tl. .\!( aiUill- . IM. 

Leiihart. A«1ii. Mtri.lvillf. I'a. 

Loril. Marv C. Mca.lvillf . I'a. 

Maxwell. C Man.l .^imth oil Cil .. I'a 

Mc.AIlisirr. Kli/ab^th \\ Wrst Nf\vl'iii V.\ 

Mcf.ill Mr-i. U'ii«- Ko»»«iiii. I.ak«\i«-\\ . eal 

Burton. N>llie. I.os Anjftrlt-rt.Cal. 
Cuok. Marjraret. I.os AnRc1e<. Cal 
Pavis. Jes«iir \... I.os Ansreles. Cal 
Onthard. Ina. Los Aiitit-U-s. Cal. 
Crccn. Nellie. Los A«;rele«i. Cal. 
Hartlwick. Snauna. l':rie. I'a. 
Hoppin. I>ella Ventura. Cal. 
Johus. Lula. Ber'in. Ctermauy. 


Kvt'|i V'lrnvli i. 1, »•' .Vnnclt-s. Cal. 

I\« 1)11' V. I"!tlia \,K JM n. Cal. 

^IallH. .\lifi'. r-i'" in\. .\ii/. 

Mill.iici. oi.t. I...- .\!iv;«-iis. Cal. 

"(ikt T . l-loi;. I.'.v. XjlL'rles. Cal 

I'hrl:.-. M<tfha. I. i- .\n-.i<'li-s. Cal. 

\aiiCl«vt Mi«.. N Lmiise. I,«m .Xn^rles. CaL 



The f.vre. 


AriustrouK. Mary. BuwlitiK (•recii. Ky. 
Ball. Mrs. SuHan Aon Lewis. IJcjstoii.'Mass. 
Buchanan, Bertha Thompson. Marion, Ind. 
Campbell. Florence Wheat, Limn. Oliiti. 
Cleveland. Almn Stewart. Huustun. Tex. 
ColHnK. Helen Maud. Rochester. Minn. 
Ellin, Klsie Louise. Hrookfield, Mms.s. 
Rvans. Nellie Dnraud. Chattanooga. Tenn. 
Kvans. Anita D., ChattanooK:a. Tenn. 
Kamum, Kmnia Have, McCrejfor. lowu. 
Farel, Sade Marie, titusville. Pa. 
Johnson. Mary Wilson. Kaleiuh. N. C. 
Johnson, Lilla H . Anicricuh. (ta. 
Kidd. Marv Carson, Houston. Texas. 

Latiin. Helen Marj^aret. .\lilwaukce. Wis. 
Mayo. i:ii->>eth Blanche. Dunkirk. N. H. 
McFarlane. Kstelie H.. 177.^ Williams St.. Ueuvrr 
McNnir. Jessie Jti. Hrook haven. Miss. 
I'arker. Alice Trances. Concord. X. H. 
I'atterson. Mnry .K.. St. Albans. V't. 
Kennyson. (ierirnde Margaret. I'hiladelphin. \*l 
Si^^ourney, Hello Maiiross, Bristol. Conn. 
Snyder, .^V»<^s K.. Philadelphia. Pa. 
Spencer. Irene. White Suphur SpriuK^^. Montana 
Tiuell. Violet Thatcher. Plainfield. N. J . 
Vass. ICleauor MurKaret. Kalei^h. N. C. 
rpcrafl. Marjfaret Klixabeth. Oswe^a. N. Y. 
Wood. Jessie Melle. Chicat^o. 111. 

- Pledifed- 
t I)ccea*ied. 

This list is as nearly correct as could he made from our roll. 
Any information which can !)e fnrnished by a reader as to change of 
address will assist in makinjjour fntnre lists. 


The Lyre. 31 

J. P. Newman. 

19 John 

Official Jeweler to NeW York. 


I confine myself exclusively to a tliie j(ra«le of work, and my Jeweled Baddies 
are unequaled for richness and beauty In crown sfttin>;s. ])articularly, 

Large Jewels of Real Value. 

Are mounted in true Cluster form. I make a specially of pure Diamond or Dia- 
mond combination pieces. Price list, s'lmples ;iiid estimates sent on applica- 
tion through your cha])ter. 


m...f.ctar«r.f Qiamond and Fine 

Jeweled Work Rings, •'•••••"St.. n. y. 





Important to Alphi Chi Omeg^a Fraternity: ;if''„'„r";;'rk'ha" 

inK been approved by tht: tifficersat tlit> «>-onvciition, were app<iinted Official Badfle Mak« 
ers for Your Fraternity If your Bmljctr is st.imi)cil with Diir tiaiue. there is nothing: better 
made, eorrespond with ilS rcsranliu^ Frntemity Jewelry Novelties and Stationary Sani- 
plen ^enl on application thront^li your chapter. Address 


140«142 Woodward Ave., Detroit, Mich. 





Greencastle, Indiana; 
Students* Patronage Solicited. 




ii^.iliiri, iii:iiliri fri'L' uiJiiu n-iiuesl. 

Cur. Wiliaih tve. and Adami SL, Chicigii. 


Hlpba Chi ©meoa. 

Cbaptet IRolL 

Alpha, DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana. 

Beta, Albion College, Albion, Michigan. 

Gamma Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. 

Delta, Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania. 

Kpsilon, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. 

Zeta, New England Conservatory, Boston, Massachusetts 

Eta, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. 

(Branb Cbapter^^Hlpba- 

(Beneral ©ttlcers. 

President, Mary Janet Wilson, Alpha. 

Secretary, Alta Mae Allen, Beta. 

Treasurer, Gertrude Ogden, Delta. 

CorresponMno Secretaries. 

Alpha, Raeburn Cowger. 

Beta, Alta Mae Allen, 405 Erie St. 

Gamma, Lillian Siller, 831 Foster St. 

Delta, L. Fay Barnaby, North Park Ave. 

Epsilon, Jessie Leone Davis, 2904 Vermont Ave. 

2^ta, Edith Howland Manchester, 82 Burnett St., Providence, R. L 
Eta, Belle Bartol. 


Fannie Bloomfield/^Zeisleri 

566 East Division Street. 

Chicago, Illinois 

Miss Neally Stevens, 

Concert Pianist. 

Alameda Countyf 
Residence, San Lorenzo. 


Maud Powell, 


40 West Twentieth Street 

New York City. 

Marie Decca, 

Prima Donna, 

QQ^^2|-|Q^^Opera, Oratorio, Concert, Etc. 

Address . Care The Musical Courier, New York* 



Alpha Chi Omega 

VOL. m. JUNE 1898, NO. n. 

To What Extent can Ideas and Feelings be Expressed in 

Music ? 

(By Simon Pleischmann, Buffalo. N. Y.) 

In dealing with this subject of music, and in determining what 
music can express, it is important to determine at the outset what 
music cannot express and what its functions are not. Because, we 
shall find that in eliminating what does not properly belong to this 
art, we have almost reached what properly does belong to it. Music 
is an art so universally employed, an art with which every one comes 
in contact at some point or in some connection, that it seems almost 
presumptuous to assume to tell people what music can express and 
what it cannot express, the more so, because music means so many 
different things, not only to the same person at different times, but to 
different people at the same time, and to different people at different 
times. Yet, this very universality of the art has led to some confus- 
ion regarding its proper sphere, and if I can in any measure contribute 
toward clearing up this uncertainity, I shall feel amply compensated 
for having written on this subject. 


4 t he Lyre, 

Now, every art comprises a range of ideas which it expresses 
after its own fashion. Musicians sometimes attempt to go beyond 
the circle within which music can properly move with freedom, and 
seek to express ideas and feelings which are foreign to it; and listen- 
ers, on the other hand, have endeavored to extract from it meanings 
which it never possessed or was intended to possess. 

When we take poetry, for instance, we find that the subject of a 
poem can be explained, or expressed, in words or language. That 
is, poetry can express a definite idea, or it can express a definite feel- 
ing, or it can command us to picture in our mind a given scene or to 
subject ourselves to a given feeling. It may not succeed, but the at- 
tempt can be definitely made. So, the subject of any painting can 
be described in language to one who has not seen it. We cannot 
perhaps convey the sentiments to another that we have experienced 
in looking at it; but the painting as representing some vSubject or ob- 
ject, can be defined in words, because a painting that could not be 
described would be unsatisfactory, to say the least. In sculpture the 
same thing is even more definitely true. A block of vStone must be re- 
duced to some definite form before it is entitled to be called a statue; 
and when it has been reduced to that form, it can be photographed; it 
has definite outlines, and it can be described. 

The impression is prevalent that a piece of pure music is capable, 
in a similar way, of expressing some definite idea, or at least, some 
definite feeling, and this is the point where the mistake is made and 
from which a great many erroneous impressions have gained cred- 
ence. Now I will state at the outset what I shall come to again by 
way of enlargement and illustration, that music can express neither 
definite ideas nor definite feelings. And by music in that connection, 
I mean pure music, whether it be instrumental music, or even vocal 
music without words. As has been correctly stated: ** Music can 
express only the dynamic properties of ideas and feelings, such as 
impetuosity, bouyancy, depression, intensity, and there are general 
ideas of an abstract class that can be suggested, at least, by music, 
such as are associated with audible changes of strength, motion and 
ratio, ideas of intensity waxing and diminishing, or of motion accel- 
erating or lingering, and other like phenomena." Generally speak- 


The Lyre 5 

ing, we might say that music can suggest such ideas as are associated 
with the phenomena of sound. To illustrate: For instance, we can 
increase the volume of a sound, or diminish it; so that any phenom- 
ena in nature which involves an increase or a decrease of feeling, of 
sentiment, of idea, of thought, may be suggested by increasing and 
diminishing the volume of sound given out by a musical performance. 
So, rapidity, slowness, are abstract ideas, as you will observe; they 
can readily be suggested by music; and it will be found as a matter 
of fact that most of the impressions that music does suggest to us are 
related in some way to the idea of motion. Take a simple illustration 
of that. We have heard orchestras illustrate the approach of a rail- 
road train. The approach of a train, until you see it, is altogether a 
matter of hearing, of sound. You hear it faintly at first. That im- 
pression of faintness of sound can of course be suggested by mnsic, 
because we can play faintly. The next idea we obtain from hearing 
a train approach, is one of increasing sound. That can be suggested 
by music, because the volume of tone can be gradually increased in 
the same ratio in which it increases with the approaching train. 
Finally, the train coming close upon us, we get the full volume of 
sound of which a train is capable, which is considerable, and that 
can perhaps not be fully realized by an ordinary orchestra, though 
they do pretty well in the amount of noise they make at times. So 
that you see, we can suggest phenomena of that kind which are asso- 
ciated with some property of sound, as the increase in the volume, as 
was the in this instance. But unless you went further than that 
and went outside of the realm of pure mnsic, it would nevertheless 
be true *^hat the mere starting of a melody softly, and increasing it in 
volume, as long as it remained pure music, while it would suggest 
the approach of some object that was making a noise and coming 
nearer to you, if it were left in the wa}^ of pure music, not even that 
would suggest to us the approach of a railroad train, any more than 
it would suggest to us the approach of any other object that was 
making a in approaching. So that you see immediately only 
the general notion that is associated with an increase of sound, can 
be suggested by music, but when you come to apply it to any partic- 
ular object it fails, because music cannot express a definite idea. 


6 The Lyre. 

Now. how do they enable us to go even further and imagine a 
railroad train approaching, as they certainly do? It is in this way: 
By going outside of the realm of music. They will have perhaps two 
boards with a piece of sandpaper over each, which are rubbed to- 
gether with increasing intensity and give us, not music, obviously, 
but an imitation of the noise made by the escape of steam from a loco- 
motive; so that they have gone outside of the realm of music to make 
definite an idea which music could not make definite. They will 
also perhaps have a flute or a piccolo give two or three shrill whistles, 
just as a locomotive would, and while they issue from a musical in- 
strument they issue in an unmusical way so as to give us this impres- 
sion of a steam whistle blowing. So that when you put these definite, 
imitations along side of the music, which merely suggests the general 
idea of an approaching sound increasing in volume, you get on. the 
whole, an imitation, a definite suggestion of a train approaching. 
But it does not lie in the music. It would be impossible without the 
aid of these unmusical accessories to get that effect into the mind. 
You could get the effect of an increase of sound of an approaching 
object, but it would not be any particular object and would not fur- 
nish the mind with any particular idea as to what was coming. 

The same is true of a form of composition, which is not so popu- 
lar as it was a few years ago. There were formerly a great many 
** Patrols" ' written, as you will recall. They started in march time, 
very faintly, and gradually increased in volume till they reached a 
climax as regards power, and then they died out again until they be- 
came practically inaudible. They were intended to suggest to the 
mind, as they did, an approaching company, a military company per- 
haps, and as it came nearer, you heard more definitely the noise that 
would attend it. As it receded it died out. Even there, the only 
reason that we associated it with a military company was because we 
had often seen military bodies march to music of that time andrythm. 
Standing in a given place when a procession is coming, we see it ap- 
proaching and we hear the noise increase. If we remain in the same 
spot and allow the procession to pass by us. the music which accom- 
panies it, usually a band, together with the stei)s and the noise inci- 
dent to it, will gradually decrease. So that from as.sociation in hear- 


The Lyre, 7 

iiig a patrol, we picture to the mind a passing procession. But if we 
had never seen soldiers marching to a patrol, and had never listened 
to a band that accompanied them — never had that actual experience 
from which the imagination builds up that association — a patrol 
would not mean anything more definite to us than any other piece of 
music. Or, if we wished to associate it in our mind with any phe- 
nomena in nature; we could associate it with any incident which in- 
volves an increase, as the express train did, and a decrease in volume 
of sound, or a coming and a departure, but it would not be a coming 
or a departure of any particular person or any particular company, 
because music in itself is incapable of expressing any definite idea of 
that kind. 

To make this clearer, it may be stated that an indefinite feeling 
can only be transformed into a definite one by association. Music 
cannot express the connecting states of mind. Take such a feeling 
as sadness. Some of us probably have an idea that sadness can be 
definitely expressed by music. That cannot be done, however. If 
we are in a sad mood, music by reason of its effect on our feelings, 
may intensify that; it may even induce it; but it cannot so definitely 
express it that a piece of music which the composer intended shouid 
represent his sad state of mind would be definitely interpreted by a 
large number of listeners as expressing that feeling. And the reason 
is this, that the idea and feeling of sadness involve a past state of joy. 
No |>erson could say that he or she was sad if that person had never 
been joyful before, because that association is unconsciously in the 
mind. So a definite feeling like hope, cannot be expressed in music, 
because it implies a happier state to come; or if you look backward, 
it implies an unhappier state that is past. It is relative either to the 
past or to the future, or to both. So, even the sentiment of love, 
which musicians use quite as much as poets and dramatists, cannot 
be expressed definitely in music, because there must be an object of 
that feeling, and that object music cannot express. As I have inti- 
mated, there are some general attributes of these feelings which 
music can suggest. Take for instance a common phrase, "Whisper- 
ings of Love." I presume there are a great many pieces which have 
this title. Some composer starts out with that idea in his mind and 


8 The Lyre 

sets it to music. Now, half of that idea can be suggested, musically, 
that is, the whispering, because whispering is an incident, or a form 
of sound, and instruments in an orchestra can be used to make the 
suggestion to us of whispering. But if that should be definitely ex- 
pressed, this idea of whispering, and you should have twenty-fi ve dif- 
ferent people hear it, and say: "What does that suggest to you?'* 
they would say, "It suggests whisperings," — we will assume it is def- 
inite enough for that. Then if we should ask, "Whispering of 
what?" we should at once see that the music could not represent any 
definite kind of whispering. A person who was of a romatic turn of 
mind might say, "Well it suggests whispering of love to me." An- 
other person might say that it represented the whispering of the wind 
or of something else that was in the mind of the listener, and we 
should have an unlimited number of answers, for the reason that the 
connecting link between the indefinite impression of whispering and 
the definite sentiment of love cannot be expressed by music. Take 
another illustration of that, the clamor of combat, or the clamor of 
war. There are a great many descriptive pieces written which are 
supposed to suggest the noise of battle. Now. if you will recall any 
of them, you will perceive that the imitations which an orchestra 
gives us of the sounds that attend a battle, are unmusical. If they 
wish to represent the roar of a canon, they do it with an instrument, 
which by charity is called a musical instrument, but which, in fact, 
is the bass drum. It is not an instrument at all, musically speaking, it has neither musical quality, tone nor pitch, but it repre- 
sents the roar of a canon because it is not musical. So, we all recall 
how Gilmore was even more realistic than that, in his representations 
of military .scenes. He had an actual canon fired in the neighbor- 
hood of his performances, and the people were often as much alarmed 
as if it had been a real battle, and justly so. But, of course, that was 
not musical; that was real, genuine imitation, and it was, so to 
speak, dovetailed into the musical performance, so that with the spir- 
ited music accompanying the and the side effects that were 
brought together, the whole often supplemented on the program with 
a description of what was intended, we managed to figure out what 

it all meant 


The Lyre, 9 

I wish to illustrate that a little further by calling your attention 
to one of the finest musical compositions that has ever been written, in 
spite of the fact that it started out with the intention, in a sense, of 
representing definite ideas, and that is a symphonic poem by Liszt, 
called *'Les Preludes" — *'The Preludes." Liszt started to write this 
with a definite literary idea in his mind, which I will read to you and 
comment upon as I go along. Incidentally I will state that this 
belongs to a class of music known as "programme" music, which 
maybe described as the representation through the medium of music, 
of definite suggestions which are indicated on the programme; and 
the fact that the composer is required to print on the programme the 
ideas which he has in mind and which afforded the inspiration for 
his composition, and that they have to be present when you hear the 
music, shows conclusively that these ideas could never have been fig- 
ured out from music itself. The theme is a quotation from Lemar- 
tine and is as follows: 

"What else is our life but a series of preludes to that unknown 
song whose solemn initial note is intoned by death ? The enchanted 
dawn of every life is love; but what destiny is there on whose first 
delicious joy some storm breaks not, some storm whose deadly blast 
disperses youth's illusions, whose fatal bolt consumes its altar. And 
what soul thus cruelly wounded, does not when the tempest passes 
away, love to lull its memory to rest in the peaceful quietude of rural 
life. Yet man is not long content with languid repose mid the un- 
varying influences of Nature's quiet, and when the trumphet gives 
the signal, he hastens to the post of danger, whatever be the combat 
which calls him to its ranks, that in the strife he may regain full 
knowledge of himself and of his strength." 

Let us now analyze this literary theme in relation to the music 
which it inspired in the mind of Liszt and see to what extent the 
composer could depict its ideas and sentiments. The introduction of 
the composition was based upon the first sentence of the text as fol- 
lows: "What else is our life but a series of preludes to that unknown 
song whose solemn initial note is intoned by death ?" You can see 
at once that there are certain general attributes of that idea which 
music can suggest. In the first place, it is a very quiet sentiment. 


lo The Lyre, 

The idea of quietness or quietude we can suggest in music in several 
ways. First, we would expect the music to be soft, to be quiet, liter- 
ally; we would expect it to be slow, because a movement rapid in 
time would disturb that feeling of quiet which goes with that idea. 
There is also the idea of mystery here in the phrase, "that unknown 
song whose solemn initial note is intoned by Death." The general 
idea of mystery can be suggested by music. In the first place, one 
element of mystery is the fact that we are waiting for a solution of 
something. The idea of waiting is implied in the idea of mystery, 
because if a thing were immediately solved it would cease to be mys- 
terious. And surely enough, in this composition, we find that it 
starts off in very slow time. Upon the third beat of the first mea.s- 
ure, which is a measure of four beats, there is one note played by the 
string instruments pizzicato, that is, it is picked off the string by the 
finger, which is in itself a peculiar effect, well calculated to 
this notion of mystery. It ends abruptly. Then follows a long pause 
of four beats. Then there is another note picked off. Then there 
are two more rests. And so the movement goes on in this really 
sombre, mysterious, quiet way. But if you were not told that this 
"unknown song" was the "initial note of Death" you could notspell 
that definite idea out of it, because it might be the initial note of a 
disappointment, or of a grief, that was not death, or of almost any 
idea, condition or state that was serious, because music cannot ex- 
press a definite idea for us, but can merely express these attributes of 
some definite idea, and the idea you can supplement to suit yourself; 
or it is not necessary to supplement it at all, as I shall show later on. 
The next sentiment in this particular theme is: "The enchanted 
dawn of every life is love; but what destiny is there on whose first 
delicious joy some storm breaks not, .some storm whose deadly blast 
disperses youth's illusions, whose fatal bolt consumes its altar." 
There follows then in this musical movement a very graceful melody 
which is intended as the theme of love. But it would be equally the 
theme of any other i)leasant emotion, and it would be interpreted by 
the listener, if at all, according to his present mood. It does not ex- 
press the idea of love any more than that of an}' other agreeable sen- 
sation. The intervals are graceful, the orchestration is agreeable and 


The Lyre. ii 

it represents some benign mood. Then, you see, the dramatic char- 
acter of this theme, is well calculated to inspire a composer. 
Then follows one of these semi-descriptive scenes which represents a 
storm as well as an orchestra can represent it; and it suggests the 
storm to us in this composition, as it must in every other, in propor- 
tion as it is unmusical. That is, it starts off with a rumbling effect 
in some of the lower instruments, with perhaps the drums added, and 
as it ceases to represent the storm by this imitation which is unmus- 
ical, just in that proportion it grows musical, which is literally true 
of this composition. Now he goes on: "And what soul thus cruelly 
wounded does not, when the tempest passes away, love to lull its 
memory to rest in the peaceful quietude of rural life ?" This storm 
dies out, that is, the unmusical part of the music disappears grad- 
ually and there follows another movement which represents what we 
call a pastoral movement, by which, "The peaceful quietude of rural 
life" is suggested. There is perhaps no definite reason why these 
pastoral movements are usually written in | time, or % time, or ^g 
time; in some multiple of three you will usually find them, except 
that probably the shepherds used to play upon their instruments in 
that time; and there are features of these rythms that make them 
appropriate. There is a kind of even, rolling, uninterrupted move- 
ment in the music which suggests the unbroken condition of a lands- 
cape or of a field. It is a great deal like the swaying of grain, that 
I movement in music, but it would only suggest that in a very gen- 
eral way. It would suggest anything else that had the same attri- 
butes. But through association it has come to mean this rural scene 
to us. Now this theme goes on; "Yet man is not long content with 
languid repose mid the unvarying influences of Nature's quiet, and 
when the trumpet gives the signal, he hastens to the post of danger, 
whatever be the combat which calls him to its ranks, that in the strife 
he may regain full knowledge of himself and ot his strength." After 
this pastoral movement has run along in its ciuiet way to a point 
where the ear would tire of it, the composer yields to this restlessness 
which takes possession of the man not long content with languid re- 
pose. The idea of restlessness, you see, can be very definitely ex- 
pressed by music, the general idea of restlessness, because if you 


1^ The Lyri, 

have been playing along in a slow movement, and that is accelerated 
gradually, the music itself becomes literally restless. But there the 
suggestion would stop again. You could not express the restlessness 
of a man, for instance, as distinguished from the restlessness of a 
woman, although they are in fact quite different. The music could 
not express that difference, nor could it express the restlessness of 
any given creatuie. Restlessness can be suggested, and when we 
read this story we know to whom it refers, but we should not other- 
wise. "And when the trumpet gives the signal"— of course, the 
trumpet signal, we can have literally in the orchestra, as well 
as in the battle, and we have it in this composition. — "And when 
the trumpet gives the signal he hastens to the post of danger.** The 
haste, that can be suggested again, because that is merely acceler- 
ated movement, and can be suggested by the music definitely. But 
you cannot suggest "the post of danger." "That in the strife" — 
strife, so far as it is noisy, can be suggested by music, — "he may re- 
gain full knowledge of himself and of his strength." The idea of 
strength can be suggested, because by increasing the power of the 
music we have the idea of strength before the mind. 

You can see from this illustration that if this piece were played 
bsiore a large audience — whether they were musicians or not music* 
ians would not make the slightest difference — and they had never 
heard the description of it and each one was asked to write out his 
definite impression of what that piece was intended to represent, you 
would have an utterly chaotic result. That has been tried frequently. 
There was an article in one of the magazines recently telling of one 
occasion where a piece had been played and the listeners wrote out 
their interpretations of it and the variety of definite impressions that 
the people got was quite unique. It was not surprising, because it 
could not be otherwise. That can be tried very easily whenever you 
have a small company and a piece is played. It is quite an amusing 
experiment to have different people who hear it write out what they 

think the piece is intended to express. After trying this you will 
begin to think that there is no definite meaning to be extracted from 

An important point to remember in this connection is this, that 
there is a radical difference in this re.spect between purely instrumen- 


The Lyre 13 

tal music and ordinary vocal music with words set to it. You see at 
once, that if you add the definite ideas and feelings which words can 
express and make a song of the music, you have an entirely different 
pioblem. If you are fortunate enough to listen to singers who speak 
so plainly that you can understand what they are saying, you will, of 
course, get just as definite ideas from a song as you will from having 
the words read; and if the music is well suited to the words, you will 
have their effect enhanced by the power which music undoubtedly 
has to intensify the feeling. We have a form of vocal music which 
illustrates what I have been contending for, that music cannot ex- 
press definite ideas as words can, and that as you bring them together 
the ideas will become definite in the ratio in which the music grows 
indefinite. I refer to what is known as the recitative, which is a sort 
of vocal declamation. You will find the recitative principally in the 
oratorios. In this, great prominence is given to the words, so that 
they shall be understood, and shall prepare the mind and the feel- 
ings for the mood which the composer desires to induce for the more 
melodious song which follows. That is one use ot it, though not al- 
ways the aim. At any rate, in recitative we find that great promin- 
ence is given to the words so that one may be able to get their defin- 
ite meaning, and that the music sinks into insignificance in propor- 
tion as the words and the meaning grow definite and prominent. 

And you will find usually that these recitatives are written 
largely in monotones. That is, a great many words will run along 
on one tone, so that the ear shall not be diverted from the words. The 
composer does not wish us to give any particular attention to the 
music, but he makes it incidental, and lays stress on the words to 
give them prominence; and this illustrates clearly that in proportion 
as the words grow definite, the composition as a whole grows less 
musical; and vice versa. When we come to the aria which follows, 
we find that the melody again grows prominent and attracts the at- 
tention of the ear and that the words become subsidiary. 

Having gone thus far in endeavoring to show wliat music can- 
not do, what it cannot express, and what it is not intended to ex- 
press, it becomes a matter of importance to determine wherein tlie 
charm and beauty of music lie. That is a fair (piestion. If we can 


14 The Lyre. 

no longer construct images out of it, or work ourselves into definite 
states of feeling from hearing it, the suspicion may arise that nothing 
is left. In my judgment everything is left; that is, everything essen- 
tial and desirable. Now, the beauty of a musical composition is 
specifically musical. It inheres in the combination and sequence of 
musical sounds and is independent of all alien extra-musical notions. 
Music appeals to the imagination through the ear, or sense of hear- 
ing. To illustrate: Take any familiar melody, which is the simplest 
form of a musical composition. There are many melodies which I 
could name that appeal to us all, to any person of intelligence or 
taste. We agree that they are grateful to the ear, which is the outer 
organ by which sounds are communicated to the mind. The partic- 
ular department of our mind which enjoys music is the imagination, 
which is reached through the ear, and which for some reason that 
has not been explained, and probably never will be, enjoys certain 
sequences of tones — referring now solely to the melody. This sim- 
plest form of melody can be appreciated by j)eople who have had lit- 
tle or no musical education, strictly speaking; and you will find 
these people saying honestly. **I can enjoy 'Home Sweet Home' or 
'Down on the Suanee River,' or something of that kind," who are 
reasonable enough to assume that there are others who can enjoy 
that and also something higher to which they have not attained. 
Music does not differ in that respect from any of the other arts, or 
from literature. For instance, it takes years of study and the devel- 
opment of literary taste to appreciate 8hakes])eare's poetry. A child 
who could relish a nursery rhyme would consider Browning beyond 
his reach. At any rate, it would be so whether the child so consid- 
ered it or not. And it recjuires a (leveloi)ed taste to apprehend the 
more elaborate forms ot composition, whether they be in literature, 
in art or in music. (»oing a step further, most people can enjoy 
something more than melody. Tliey ca!i enjoy an accompanied mel- 
ody; that is. a melody to which the harmonies are added and sung 
by other voices or played upon an instrument, as long as these har- 
monies remain within a certain limit of simplicity. That is, the or- 
dinary ear appears to l)e able t(j a])|)recinte the fundamental, or prim- 
ary modulations of chords. Hut why the mind enjoys a certain 


The Lyre. 15 

sequence or combination of sounds and does not enjoy some other, 
has not been explained. I presume it cannot be. The ultimate rea- 
son of the thing is simply that certain sounds are pleasing to the mind 
as they reach it through the nerves of the ear, and others are not; 
and the reason of that we shall have to leave to future solution, as- 
suming that it ever will be solved. It is just the same as in litera- 
ture. You might read a certain sentence, or a certain essay, that 
was even correct in form, and when it was finished it might not 
please you. It might be commonplace; it might be vulgar; it might 
have a great many attributes that would make it distasteful. That 
would not answer the question why we did not like the thing that 
was commonplace. We simply know that we do not, and anything 
falling in that catagory is discarded by the cultivated mind or taste. 
The same is true of given odors as well as of impressions addressed to 
the sense of touch. So it is with music. We cannot give any reason 
why we like a certain melody and do not like another. We have 
then proceeded to a simple melody accompanied, which most people 
can appreciate. From here I might go on and show how, as we grad- 
ually grow to appreciate the more complex forms of music, we come 
to a point where we can appreciate and enjoy the most elaborate 
forms of this art, as we could tho.-.e of any other. This is a matter of 
culture, study, talent, education. It will come to some people; to 
some who have not an inclination or talent that way, it will never 

come, at least in the same degree, but that is not the fault of the 
music. The elements of musical bt-auty are melody, harmony and 

rhythm. It is .scarcely necessary to elaborate on those elements. We 
all know what they mean. We know that certain combinations of 
tones strike us as euphonious or harmonious: others do not. When 
they do they are pleasing to us, and the musical mind will get all 
the satisfaction that it ought to, and all the legitimate satisfaction 
that there is in music, from the beauty which results from this com- 
bination of tones. And such is the ultimate function of music, to 
yield beautiful combinations and seijuences of tones. 

All this being so, the question might fairly be asked whether 
there isany standard of criticism in music. How are you to 
determine whether a musical composition has any merit or not? Well, 


1 6 The Lyre 

there is not any ultimate standard in thatj department, any more than 
there is in any of the other arts: and consequently we find, that to a 
certain extent, even experts will disagree, not so much perhaps, but 
after the same fashion as people who are not experts, as to what is or 
is not a good musical composition. But it also remains the fact that 
gradually a musical work, like any other, will come to rest upon a gen- 
erally agreed basis, or standard of merit. That is, after every one 
has had his say about it and expressed his view, a concensus of opin- 
ion will crystallize among people who are musically cultured, as to 
the merits of a given composition: and that is all we can get in any 
department of human thought. So we find today, for instance, that 
it is universally agreed that Beethoven's Fifth Symphony is a great 
composition; that it is beautiful in every sense of the term. That is 
one of the propositions in music that we may consider settled. But 
when we come to some of Beethoven's later works, or to some of the 
works of Wagner, we still find that there is a great deal of discussion 
as to whether they are really beautiful or not, whether they have 
gone outside of the realm of legitimate music; and it is a serious 
(juestion, although it may be that those who do not appreciate them, 
have not yet been educated up to them. But there is reasonable cer- 
tainty as regards* the merit of the bulk of the music that is in the 
world today. We can take up a new composition that is sent in to 
us, and I will venture to say that in a clear case of a piece being 
commonplace it will be so declared, just as a poem would be found 
commonplace. It takes an extraordinary poem today, on "Spring,** 
for instance, to justify publication. Most of us agree that we do not 
want it. Still, a poem can be written on that subject which is worth 
publishing, and I have no doubt if one were written that had 
conspicious merit it would be well known at once, because it would 
be so different trom what we usually get on that romantic theme. It 
is much the same with music. We get a composition, a waltz, for 
instance, and most critics agree that a majority of new waltzes 
are commonplace. They are not worth i)ublishing: they are not 
worth playing; although you might pla)^ them to some person who 
had not heard many vvalt/es. and they would, of course, be very 
original, but that would not determine their merit. People who have 


The Lyre, 17 

become acquainted with the best type of waltz will recognize a good 
one when it conies along: there will not be much dispute about that. 
The same with two-steps, which are getting uncomfortably numerous 

Just one or two other suggestions. There has been an impres- 
sion that a great composer who has not literary talent, is a man of 
inferior mind as compared with a poet or an author. The ideas that 
I have suggested today, that music is an art by itself, that it has a 
certain sphere within which it can properly work out its own prob- 
lems, leads to the conclusion, it seems to me, that a man in whom 
the musical department or side of his mind is developed so as to en- 
able him to compose great works, is as great a man in every respect 
as the man who can give us a great novel, or a great painting or a 
great poem. It is simply a development and a gift of the mind in 
another direction and the intricacy of an orchestral score shows a 
degree of mental development which is phenomenal. And there is 
no other work of the human mind that is more elaborate or more 
purely a work of the mind than an elaborate musical composition; 
only the material with which a musical composer deals is sound; 
that with which the poet or the novelist deals is language; that with 
which the painter deals is paint, and that of the sculptor is stone. 
We must gradually broaden our minds as to the real merits of 
different people, and not suppose, as is very common, that the only 
real ability is literary ability. That is a short-sighted view of human 

Now, I do not want to leave the impression here that music, 
while it cannot express definite feelings, has not an immense effect 
on the feelings. That is quite another proposition. We all know it 
has, and that probably therein lies much of its power. But you will 
see at a glance that that is true of other arts. It has been supposed 
that only music could excite feelings. But you may look at some 
great historical picture. The eyes see it; the impression that the eyes 
gain from it travels back through the nerves to the mind, to the 
imagination, and according to your sensibility or sensitiveness, your 
feelings may be greatly wrought up by looking at a picture. For in- 
stance, if a German looks at a picture today illustrating the defeat of 


1 8 The Lyre. 

the Germans by Napoleon in the early part of this century, he can 
hardly fail to have his indignation aroused. The Frenchman, on 
the other hand, looks at the same picture with enthusiastic satisfac- 
tion. And so, looking at any other work of art, while it may not 
express the particular observer's feelings, it reaches his feelings ac- 
cording to the mood or the temperament that he is in, or the situa- 
tion he is in, and another man, merely an artist, may even look at 
the same picture in an entirely indifferent, cold-blooded way. To 
him it is merely a work of art. And it is a fact that as musicians 
become cultivated, they listen to a piece of music with less emo- 
tional excitement than a person who has not had that musical culti- 
vation; because as the musical taste is developed, music appeals more 
and more to the asthetic taste, which is at once its primary and essen- 
tial source and object and its only certain aim. 

This leads to another thought as to the moral qualities of music. 
On one hand, it is impossible for music to be immoral, or to suggest 
an immoral thought or feeling. And on the other hand, in so far as 
morality is a definite conception, music cannot express moral ideas 
or moral feelings. But it is often claimed that music does have an 
immoral effect on people. Where there is any ground for that charge, 
it will always be found to lie in some extrinsic element that is intro- 
duced into the music; as, for instance, in a song to which objection- 
able words are set. Of course, if you can arouse an improper feeling 
by the words set to music, as music has power to intensify whatever 
feeling it finds in a listener, that sentiment can undoubtedly be in- 
tensified by the music, but it could never be suggested or aroused by 
music itself. So, association may make certain compositions undesir- 
able in given places. For instance, we object to operatic music 
in church. It is not because there is necessarily anything unchurchey 
in music that is taken from an opera. In fact, there are a great many 
pieces originally written for the church that hav-e not near the devo- 
tional spirit that The Prayer from "Freischuetz" has, which is an 
operatic selection. But generally speaking, operatic music is inap- 
propriate in a church service from tfie association. There will be 
some one or more in the audience who have heard the same piece 
under frivolous conditions, and the associations which wmII come into 


The Lyre, 19 

the mind on hearing that piece again in a sacred service are not cal- 
culated to enhance devotional spirit. Therefore, it should be left 
out. And yet, so elastic is music in its adaptability to different con- 
ditions, and so inadequate to express any definite sentiment, that 
numerous operatic numbers have crept into our church repertoire, 
and are there today by sufferance, so to speak, as regards their asso- 
ciation, by virtue, as regards their musical merits. It is also true 
that music can be shifted around in this way, thereby illustrating 
that it cannot express definite feelings or ideas; and some of the 
most impressive nupibers in Handel's sacred oratorios were originally 
taken either from his earlier operas which have ceased to have oper- 
atic merit, or from other secular compositions. 

The love of beauty is taste; the creation of beauty is art. 

— Emerson. 

Music is designed for the masses. It is the only means outside 
of Christianity to refine the masses. — Merz. 

It was music by which mankind was humanized. What speech 
cannot impart to the unwilling and hardened is readily received 
from words on wings of lovely sound. — Herder. 

**The whole function of an artist in the world is to be a seeing 
and a feeling creature. ' ' 

**Of all the arts beneath the heaven 
That man has found or God has given, 

None draws the soul so sweet away 
As music's melting, mystic lay." 


^o The Lyre. 

Musical Instruments of the Present. 

From a paper read before the pupils uf the McReynulds-Koehle Music School. Washington. D. 
C, and illustrated by a larg^e collection of musical instruments. 

Musical instruments may be broadly divided into three classes: 
String instruments, played with and without a bow, wind instruments 
and instruments of percussion, (German, Schlag instruments), those 
which are beaten or struck as drums or bells. 

The full orchestra is an ensemble or grouping together of all 
musical instruments in present use or at least ^ worthy representa- 
tion of each class. The instruments included in our modern sym- 
phony or full orchestra are the violin, viola, violoncello, double bass, 
flute, piccolo, oboe, clairnet, corno di bassetto, bassoon, double 
bassoon, trumpet, horn, trombone, cornet a piston, bass trumpet, 
tenor tuba, contra bass tuba, ophicleide, harp, bass drum, kettle 
drum or timpani, cymbals and triangle. 

The only other large ensemble of musical instruments aside from 
our orchestra is the band. Now what is the difference between the 
orchestra and the band? The band is composed of wind instruments, 
the military band has the addition of drums, while the orchestra 
combines string, wind instruments and drums. First among the 
smaller ensemble musical instruments is the string orchestra, which 
is composed entirely of string instruments, a useful body Of instru- 
ments, in itself capable of interpreting masterworks in an excellent 
manner and forming the nucleus or foundation of the full orchestra. 
Among the still smaller groupings together of musical instruments, 
we find duetts, trios, quartetts, quintetts, sextetts, septettsand octetts, 
composed respectively of two, three, four, five, six, seven and eight 
instruments, no one of them being doubled. This style of music is 
called Chamber music. (German, Kammer-musik. ) 

There is one combination of wind instruments of which I grew 
ver>' fond during my residence in Stuttgart. Germany; this was a 
quartette of horns, which from the tower balcony of a neighboring or 
perhaps distant church, early ever}' Sunday morning, heralded the 
day with one of those beautiful, earnest chorals, peculiar to the Ger- 
man Lutheran Church. 


The Lyre ii 

Having considered the different combinations of the classes of 
musical instruments, let us take a nearer view of the different classes 
themselves. String instruments, played with a bow, now in use in 
the modern orchestra, are about of the same type as of the violin, 
only appearing in different sizes. The violin governs the highest 
position and is the soprano and above-soprano of all the instruments; 
the viola, an instrument looking exactly like the violin, only being a 
little larger and tuned a fifth lower, is the alto; the violoncello, so 
much larger that it is obliged to rest upon the floor, the tenor and 
bass, while the great bass violin, largest of all and played standing, 
governs the bass and contra bass positions. Thus we find the 
nucleus of the orchestra, the strings, representing in general 
the four different registers of the human voice, soprano, alto 
tenor and bass, but possessing a larger compass and capable of 
greater facility of execution, which, when strengthened and varied 
with the wind and percussion instruments, presents to us the largest 
possible field for musical composition. 

Of the string instruments played with a bow, the violin and the 
violoncello are favorite solo instruments and find a welcome upon the 
concert stage. The full rich tones of the *cello are peculiarly effec- 
tive while the violin with its sweetness and purity of tone and mar- 
velous power of expression ranks next to the human voice. The 
violin was perfected near the end of the seventeenth and beginning 
of the eighteenth centur3\ The most valuable ones today are the 
well preserved Nicolaiis Amati, Anton Stradivarius, Joseph Guarnar- 
ius, Lorenzo Guadagnini and Joseph Steiner, worth according to 
their quality of tone far up into the thousands of dollars. A fine vio- 
lin, well cared for, grows in richness of tone and consequently in 
value with age, while a poor violin remains a poor violin all its 

Passing over to the string instruments played without the use of 
the bow, viz; to the harp class, we find among them a family of in- 
struments dominating from the fifteenth to the seventeenth century, 
the lute family, now but weakly represented. One peculiarity of 
these instruments is that they are usually picked by means of a small 
piece of tortoise shell or ivory, called plectrum. Aside from this 


22 The Lyre, 

they have a finger board and are treated much like the other string 
instruments. The last remnant of this family is represented by the 
mandolin^ guitar, zither, banjo, whose unsatisfactory tone precludes 
use in the modern orchestra, with its decided color. Of all the 
lute family, the only one considered worthy of expressing true art in 
music is the double pedal harp, containing 46 strings. It is undoubt- 
edly the solo instrument of the lute family. The others, no matter 
how popular they may for a time become cannot from their very un- 
satisf actor iness endure. If the time wasted upon them in our own 
city were to be spent upon some musical instrument worthy of the 
art for whose sake it exists, I feel assured that the taste for music 
here would soon equal that of any American city of its size. 

The most perfect member 01 the harp class is the pianoforte. I 
wonder how many of our girls and boys, or how few, sitting down 
daily to practice on their pianos have any idea how they came to 
have their present form. Does a vision float before their eyes of a 
time long ago when Johann Sebastian Bach sat playing on the new 
* 'forte-piano*' before a brilliant and admiring assemblage at the court 
of Frederick the Great; or, farther back to a time when some fair tal- 
ented ancestress with powdered hair and flowing train sat before her 
picturesque harpsichord and the soft tinkling of Mozart, Handel and 
Hayden's music echoed quaintly thro' the room, or yet still farther 
back to the time when the mighty queen Elisabeth "was wont to shun 
melancholy" by playing on her heavenly Virginals. One writer 
says: *'It may not seem that so far away as the early Egyptians was 
the first idea of our piano, yet certainly such is the case. In some 
far Eastern country you might see, graven in stone of centuries gone 
by, a figure holding an instrument dimly shadowing that on which 
you now play all written music." Now to trace the development 
down through the centuries to the superb Steinway Grand of today — 
what a delightful task! The pianoforte like the organ is an instru- 
ment complete in itself. The greatest composers of all times have 
richly endowed it with their literature and deservedly it become and 
has remained the most popular of all musical instruments. 

Leaving the class of string instruments we will now glance at 
wind instruments and we find them again divided into two classes, 


The Lyre. 23 

those of brass, including cornets, horns and trumpets, and those of 
wood including the flute, oboe, clarinet and fagotto, a near relative 
of the oboe. These instruments are all used in the modern orches- 
tra, but as they require much physical endurance they are rarely at- 
tempted by women. The cornet a piston is the solo instrument of 
the brass wind instrument family. We have flutes and oboes, also, 
used most effectively in the symphonies. One very prominent part 
given to the flute is in Mozart's opera of the* 'Magic Flute,*' in which 
especially charming solos appear for this instrument. Wagner too, 
makes good use of it in the forest scene of "Siegfried." 

A gigantic member of the wind instrument class is the great pipe 
organ, its many pipes varying in length according to the tone to be 
produced. These pipes are filled with air furnished by a bellows and 
manipulated by a key board similar to that of the pianoforte, only 
possessing two or three banks of keys instead of one. The organ is 
nearly always associated in our minds with sacred music, because we 
rarely hear it except in churches. They are beginning now however 
to build excellent concert organs in the concert halls and before leav- 
ing Stuttgart I had the great pleasure of hearing a series of organ re- 
citals given by Prof. DeLange, one of the most brilliant organ vir- 
tuosis, in which a large number of concert selections were on the 
program and were most enjoyable. One of the finest pipe organs in 
in the world and the best that I have heard is the great organ in the 
cathedral in Friebourg, Switzerland. Organ recitals are given on it 
all through the summer by tourists passing through the city or spend- 
ing the summer there. The master who composed for the organ in 
such manner as to serve as a model for all time was J. S. Bach. 

As to the instruments of percussion, we find among them the 
chimes, heard in all our large cities, and the huge base drum, the 
smaller tenor drum as well as the kettledrum, so called from its shape. 
The kettle drums are always used in pairs, are tuned respectively to 
the tonic and dominant of the piece to be performed. The triangle 
and cymbals, of ancient origin, also belong to this class. They are 
not quite so simple to play correctly as they look to be as I well re- 
member from personal experience, being the bass drum cymbal player 
at one time in the "DePauw Music School Orchestra." 


24 The Lyre 

Considering the large number of musical instruments worthy ot 
study, we find that the music student lacks not tor variety to choose 
from. Let him select with care his life instrument, considering care- 
fully its requirements. May Apollo guide him to the one instrument of 
all others to which he is particularly adapted and upon which he may 
serve Art best. The principal solo instruments of the different 
classes are, violin, 'cello, harp, piano, cornet a piston, flute and or- 
gan. In addition to these let us not forget that God-given in.stru- 
ment, the beautiful voice, so rare that it should always be appreciated 
and cultivated with great care. 

Katharine H. McRevnolds. 

If in your art you cannot please all, content the few. To please 
the multitude is bad. — Schiller, 

All great song, from the first day when human lips contrived 
syllables, has been sincere song. — Ruskin. 

Those who work faithfully will put themselves in possession of 
a glorious and enlarging happiness. — Ruskin. 

Think more of your own progress than of the opinion of others. 

— Mendki^sohn. 

"Bach was perhaps the most severely conscientious aitist that 
ever devoted himself to music. He deemed that to compromise his 
art was to compromise himself." 

In Beethoven imagination, feeling, intellect and character are 
developed with equal power and in perfect harmony with one another. 

— Von K1.TERLKIN. 



K r. 

THE Nt.v 

PUBLIC Ut5i<^^^ 





tV i 

TH£ NL. v.- ■, i-KK 



The Lyre, 25 




Published quarterly by Alpha Chapter, Banner Times office. Greencastle, lud. 
Subscription, 75 cts. per year. Single copies, 20 cts. 
ADVERTISING RATES — Full pagre, |io.oo; half pajje, $6.00; quarter page, I3.00 -<tft 
All material for the next number must be in by Auj^ust 20th. 
Mary JANKT Wilson, Editor. Assistants. Mildred Rutledjfe,— Subscriptions. Helen Hanna 
Birch.— Personals Raeburn Cowjfer — Chapter Correspondence. 



* 'We Are Seven." 

Hi! Hi! Hi! 


Hi! O! Hi! O! 

Alpha Chi Omega! 

Material for the September Lyre must be in by August 20th. 

It is with great pleasure we introduce to the readers of the Lyre 
the new sister chapter, Eta, of Bucknell University, Lewisburg, 

The active members should make an effort to procure the sub- 
scriptions of each new member who wears the colors or the badge of 
Alpha Chi Omega. 


26 The Lyre. 

One of the first duties of a new memWr should be to subscribe 
for the Lyre and read it carefully. In this way a genuine and help- 
ful interest in the work will be insured. 

Alpha Chi Omega should in all respects be loyal to the regula- 
tions and best interests of the school in which she exists. These in- 
stitutions should at all times receive her hearty co-operation and 

We are gratified to find an increased loyal ity, on the part of each 
chapter to the interests of our journal. No local expences should be 
incurred which will compel an economy which cuts off the Lyrk sub- 

The conservatism of Alpha Chi Omega has caused much impa- 
tience at times, yet it has secured us good chapters in good institu- 
tions. In the future as in the past we will only consider applications 
from the best schools. 

We hope the new chapter will take an energetic part in the gener- 
al work of the fraternity; will plan for representation at convention, 
contribute to the September LvRK, and in every way give evidence of 
a vigorous fraternity life. 

More promptness on the part of the general officers would be an 
invaluable improvement in fraternity affairs. The success of the 
coming convention depends largely on their work. Let us not neg- 
lect any detail that will contribute to its efficency. 

The editor wishes to call the attention of all subscribers to the 
fact that seventy five cents is now due for subscription, from all those 
who have not sent in renewal for 1.S9S. Also that a few extra copies 
can be mailed to those who desire, at twenty cents each. 

While the po.stponement of the annual convention until October 
was a great inconvenience in some respects, it will be much better in 
the end. It is to he hoped each chapter will be represented by those 
who will return to active work and that much will be accomplished 
as a result of the meeting. 


The Lyre. 27 

Delta Chapter merits the congratulations of the fraternity for 
their valuable contributions to this number of the Lyrk. The ex- 
cellent article by Mr. Simon Fleischtnann, several of the advertise- 
ments, the best chapter letter, and the pictures are the fruits of their 
industry. With such assistant from each chapter the work of the 
editor would be diminished and the journal greatly improved. 

Eta chapter was formally established in Bucknell University, 
Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, June iSth, iSQvS, Miss Mildred Rutledge, 
of Alpha, being delegate. The names of Misses Ida Eliza- 
beth Liszt, Belle Bartol, Amv Estelle Gilbert, Mary Frances 
Woods and Jessie Thekla Steiner, are recorded as charter members. 
A Lewisburg paper contains the following: "The chapter launches- 
out with energetic members who are most loyal to their school, and it 
promises to be a substantial addition to Alpha Chi and an element of 
good order and progress in the institution with which it is connected. '* 

Reunion Announcement. 

Beta wishes to call special attention to her reunion to be held 
June 25th. Every girl present at the reunion last year knows what 
a royal good time she will hav'e this year. We earnestly urge all 
the alumnae to make an effort to be present. Sisters from other chap- 
ters will receive a hearty welcome. 


28 The Lyre. 

Chapter Personals* 


Elizabeth Lockridg^e now wears the Lyre. 

Albertta Miller will probably return for graduation. 

Okah DeVore was the guest of Louise Ullyette in May. 

Myrtle Wilder will be married June 29, to Dr. Hollingsworth of 


The pupils of Miss Rutledge's class in Greencastle recently gave 
a recital. 

Helen Birch has had a class in Coatesville in addition to her 
town pupils. 

Nellie Dobbins was recently married to Mr. William Dresser, 
of Lafayette. 

Pearl Armitage was married June 21st to Mr. John Cassell Jami- 
son of Hartfort City. 

Kate Reed and Blanche Clark visited in Greencastle during 

Helen Birch will leave July ist for Chatauqua, where she will 
study with Wra. H. Sherwood. 

Louise Ullyette has recently been bereft of her father. She has 
the sincere sympathy of her sisters. 

Mrs. Bessie Grooms Keenan and daughter have been the guest 
of Mr. T. C. Grooms for several weeks. 

Mildred Rutledge was Alpha's delegate to Lewisburg. She re- 
turned home via Niagra Falls and Cleveland where she was the 
guest of Mrs. Flora Laughlin. 

Misses Raeburn Cowger, Lucy Andrews, Mildred Rutledge, 
Delia Phillips and Janet Wilson are students in the summer school. 
About thirty students have registered for the summer Music term. 

Misses Eva Osburn, Sallie Hirt, Feme Wood, Louise Ullyette, 
Raeburn Cowger, Donna Williamson, Janet Wilson, attended the 


The Lyre 29 

Indianapolis May Festival; while there they met sisters Meta Horner, 
Emma Lathrop, Carrie Conrey and Mayme Jennings. 

Feme Wood completed the required work and received her 
masters degree from the college of Liberal Arts this year. In addi- 
tion to this, she has been engaged as tutor in Latin for a part of the 
year, taken some piano work, and a full year in voice, including her 
Junior recital. 


Miss Bessie Tefft is studying with Lilla Grace Smart in Detroit. 

Eva Pratt, who has been studying art in Boston, will be in Al- 
bion for the reunion. 

Florence Woodhams made a hasty call on her Beta sisters on her 
return from the Ann Arbor May Festival. 

Miss Lucie McMa.ster, conservatory '96, will return to Albion 
June 9th to be present at the reunion and commencement. 

Miss Ida Billinghurst, who has been studying in Pratte Institute 
this winter, will return to her home in Muskegan in June. 

Miss Katharine Rood, who has spent the winter in DePere, 
Wis., has returned to Albion, Mich., to the joy of the Alpha Chis. 

Misses Janette Allen Cushman,Hattie Reynolds, Cora Harrington, 
Hattie Reynolds. Eusebia Davidson and Lillian Kirk Armstrong at- 
tended the Albion Music Festival. 


Miss Amy Martin received a visit from her mother and sister in 

The Misses Hough received a short visit from their father the 
latter part of May. 

The parents of Miss Florence Harris will visit her here during 
commencement week. 


30 The Lyre, 

Miss Grace Richardson gave the Alpha Chis a card party at her 
home in Buena Park May 13th. 

Miss Suzanna Mulford has returned from New York and expects 
to spend the summer in Evanston. 

Miss Maude Wimmer, of Perry, Iowa, visited Miss Florence 
Harris for a week in May. A supper was given in the frat. hall in 
her honor. 

Miss Mildred Mclntyre, of Memphis, Tenn., who has been study- 
ing under Sherwood, of Chicago, has been obliged to give up her 
work on account of ill health. 


Miss Nellie Keep visited us recently. 

Nellie Green graduates from the department of elocution. 

Margaret Fulton Cook and Elmer E. Elliot were married on May 

Lulu Johns has sailed from Germany for America. We hope to 
have her with us again. 

On May 14th Ina Gothard left for Sacramento to join her parents. 
They will spend the summer in travel. 

Delia Hoppin has arrived from Ventura to spend commencement 
week with us.. She has a large music class and reports splendid work. 


Miss Jessie McNair returned to her home in Mississippi at the 
close of the third term. 

At a meeting of the class of '99 Miss McFarlane was chosen 
president and Miss Collin secretary. 

Miss Mary Johnson recently gave an interesting talk before the 
Hyperion Society. Her subject was "A Trip Abroad." 

Miss Alice Frances Parker, '96, recently appeared in a leading 
role in the sacred cantata "Belshazzar. " Her performance and solos 
were exceedingly successful. 


The Lyre. 31 

Chapter Letters. 


Alpha looks back upon the term which has just closed with 
great pleasure. It is not unmingled with sorrow for several of our 
girls will not be with us next year. Each year, each term, the fra- 
ternity means more to us than ever before and we girls who will 
never return to school life realize more keenly than ever how dear 
Alpha Chi is to us. 

We have one new pledge thi.*= term, Pearl Ellis; and Elizabeth 
Lockridge. tor a long time one of our faithful pledges, is wearing the 

Several of our initiated members were not in school during the 
last term and we felt their absence keenly. However we who were 
there were ardent in spirit and co-operated heartily for Alpha Chi. 

Five recitals were given by Alpha Chis, the programs of which 
may be seen in the March and June Lyres. 

We have been greatly interested in the work of establishing the 
new chapter. We most cordially greet the new sisters and welcome 
them into Alpha Chi. Socially Alpha Chi has been more quiet 
than usual, limiting her good times to little spreads in the fraternity 
hall among the girls, pledged and initiated. However she has been 
well represented in all social functions of the university. 

We have one graduate, Eva Osburn, who completed most cred- 
itably the course in vocal music. 

Alpha is making plans for the spike of next year and expects 
some of her old girls back as well as a number of new ones. She 
sends best wishes to the sisters and trusts that the summer 
vacation will be both pleasant and profitable. 

Ferne Wood. 


Beta chapter again sends greetings. College life has been un- 
usually active this year and this term has been a busy one for Beta. 
Until April 13th we were hard at work on our concert, the program 


32 The Lyre 

of which follows. It was a great success in every respect. The most 
pleasing numbers being the choruses which had been under the 
direction of Prof. C. H, Adams. 


Chorus — Swing Song - F. N. I«ohr 

Beta Chapter 
Piano Quartette" — Homage to Verdi - J. B, Duroc 

Misses Bailey. Mosher, Goodenow. Teritie. 
Violin Solo - ' - - ... Selected 

Martha Reynolds-Colby. 

vnr^ni *su<in^ ^ *• ^^ Mother Bids Me Bind My Hair - Hayden 

vocai &OIO— ^jj When the Heart is Young - DBuck 

Kate Calkins. 
Piano Duo— Grand MarcheTriumphale W. Kuhe 

Misses Allen and Woodworth. 
Chorus— When Life is Brightest .... Pinsuti 

Beta Chapter. 
Piano Quartette— CJrand Polonaise - - - Mevrrrkkr 

Misses Dlsbrow. Kinsman Woodworth, Allen. 
Violin Solo— - .... Sklkctbd 

Martha Reynolds- Col by 
Finale— Gypsy Chorus Karl Merz 

Beta Chapter. 

The following week we gave a tea for Prof, and Mrs. Adams and 
our gentlemen friends. Our lodge has been the scene of many jolly 
good times this term with suppers and informal spreads as special at- 
tractions. At one of these we had the pleasure of entertaining sis- 
ters Florence Woodhams, Blanche Bryant Dunbar and Mabel Butler, 
besides our resident alumna.*. In April the Alpha Chis and their 
gentlemen friends were delightfully entertained at the home of Pres- 
ident and Mrs. Ashley. 

The Albion Music Festival May 23, 24 and 25, was a success in 
every particular. The artists gave the best of satisfaction, and the 
rendering of "The Messiah" by the Albion Choral Union reflected 
great credit upon the conductor, Prof. C. H. Adams, director of the 
Conservatory. The Recital artists were as follows: Detroit Phil- 
harmonic Club — Wni. Yunck, Hermann Heberlein, Hermann Brenck- 
ner, Frank Rescke, D. Franycon Davies, baritone; Xavier Schar- 
wenka, pianist; Katharine Fisk, soprano. The Oratorio artists were: 
Frederick \V. Carberry, tenor: Genevieve Clark Wilson, soprano; 
Mary Louise Clary, contralto; Carl PC. Dufft, basso; W. K. Brecken- 
ridge, organist; Ethel J. Calkins, 


The Lyre, 33 

At present we are planning for a chapter reunion to be held the 
Saturday preceeding commencenient week, June 25th. We hope to 
have as glorious a good time as we had last year, and we will gladly 
welcome Alpha Chis from any and every chapter. As lor Beta's 
alumna, let every one who can, come. We want you all. The 
lodge is now being beautified by wall paper, the gift of sister Beat- 
rice Breckenridge; the "paste artist" being furnished by Harry I). 
Cushman, a loyal "Alpha Chi boy." Two of our girls graduate in 
the College of Liberal Arts this year, but although there is some sad- 
ness in the thought that we will not be in such a close and sisterly 
bond next year, we know that our interest and love for each other 
and for Alpha Chi will ever remain true and strong. With best 

wishes from Beta. 

Ada Dickik, Rhc. Sec'y. 


It seems hard to realize that another school year is so near its 
close. Northwestern University closes June i6th and we will all be 
sorry when that time comes for at least one reason, that is of parting 
with so many of our Alpha Chi sisters, even for the short time of a 
few months. We girls who will be here all summer expect to organ- 
ize an Alnha Chi club and meet once a week, and in that wav we 
will not feel so much that the chapter is broken up. Three of our 
girls graduated this year: Alice Grannis, Irene Stevens and Cor- 
nelia Porter. The city papers spoke very highly of Miss Stevens 
after her graduation recital (piano). She was assisted by Mr. Mor- 
hardt» violinist. Miss Grannis finishes her post graduate course in 
the School of Oratory this year. Her rendering of "Lady Geraldine's 
Courtship" at the post graduate recital was fine. There are to be 
three commencement recitals this year and both Miss Porter and Miss 
Stevens as well as three of our Juniors, Misses Klla Parkinson, Grace 
Ericson and Carrie Holbrook will take part. 

Of course we were all very much disappointed not to have had 
the convention this year, but we realize that it would not have been 
worth the expense and time since every chapter could not be repre- 


34 T^h^ Lyre. 

sented. However, since we have so few chapters, it seems strange 

that we cannot all be represented once a year at a convention. Would 

it not be better to have it set for the fall every year instead of the 

spring? It seems as though there is not quite so much school work 

then as in the spring, just before final examinations. 

We extend best wishes that all the girls may spend a delightful 


L11.LIAN Siller. 


Delta can certainly look back over this closing school year with 
a feeling of pleasure in what she has accomplished. After the short 
Easter vacation our girls came back ready to begin work again in 
college, conservatory and fraternity. We have been having delight- 
ful meetings, giving miscellaneous programs, chiefly. For example, 
one Saturday evening we six Hulings Hall girls entertained, and it 
is to be hoped edified, our town girls with quite a little musicale, 
they, in turn, giving us a recital. We have also had several song 
recitals, given by our two graduates, and one of our alumnae girls, 
who has been studying part of the year in New York. 

A number of very good concerts have come to Meadville during 
the year. Ernest Gamble, Genevra Johnstone- Bishop and Edouard 
Remenyi being among the artists; while in the conservatory, Mr. 
Comstock, one of the teachers, has given us a series of lecture recit- 
als, assisted by Mrs. Hull and Miss Haywood. On the whole we 
have had a very profitable year. 

On Saturday evening, April i6th, we had our annual **Pan Heav- 
enly" banquet. All of the girls had an excellent time and thoroughly 
enjoyed meeting with the Kappa Alpha Theta and Kappa Kappa 
Gamma. On our way home some of the boys burned red lights for 
us and gave the Pan Hellenic yells, but we girls could only whisper 
our Alpha Chi calls in return, as before the banquet, the faculty had 
strictly forbidden us to yell. 

Mrs. Crawford, our president's wife, who is an Alpha Chi, gave 
us in an impromptu toast, and some very good advice, upon which 


The Lyre. 35 

we have since acted in some of our fraternity meetings. She said she 
thought fraternity would be of much practical benefit to us if we 
would discuss some subject, preferably giving extemporaneous 
speeches of from three to five minutes long, as so many girls cannot 
express themselves clearly and concisely when unexpectedly called 
upon, either in their social life or their daily work. So one evening, 
soon after some of our college boys left for the front, we had a patri- 
otic meeting and each girl discussed some question concerning the 
present war. We found that it is rather hard to talk sometimes. 
Strange discovery for girls, is it not? 

It gives us great sorrow to say that we sympathize with our Beta 
sisters who have been in so much trouble this year. The Phi Gam- 
ma Delta boys entertained some of their girl friends not long ago, 
and against the wishes of the faculty — we danced. We had our fun 
that night and took no heed for the morrow. The faculty, after long 
and serious deliberation, decided that the boys be denied all privi- 
leges of the Hall for thirty days, which means that they are not to 
come near the Hall, or have anything to do with the girls, nor are 
they allowed to entertain in an}' form or manner until after Novem- 
ber first. The girls are allowed to say "How do you do" to the cul- 
prits, otherwise we are not under punishment. 

Our girls were very much disappointed to learn that the con- 
vention was to be postponed. We have worked hard to get ready 
for it. Delta had two delegates to send this year, and two or three 
others of our girls expected to go to Albion with them. Perhaps, 
however, next year's convention will make up for this year's disap- 

We hope that all the chapters have had as happy a year as 
Delta has had, and that after our long summer vacation those of us 
who come back to school will be ready to start to work again with 
renewed vigor and ambition. 

Elsie E. Kiefer, Rec. Sec'y. 


36 The Lyre. 


Dear Sisters: 

At the beginning of this school year we girls, few in number but 
still enthusiastic, met on the second Monday and decided to invite 
Ellen Beach Yaw to become an honorary member of Alpha Chi Omega. 
As she was soon to leave for Europe we had but little time. By the 
following Wednesday we had gained her consent and on Saturday 
drove to her home at Tropics, a distance of about eight miles, reach- 
ing there about three o'clock p. m. After having some pictures taken 
of her and her dog Keats with the chapter, we proceeded with the 
ceremony. After this was over she delighted us with two beautiful 
selections. One was a "Laughing Song," for which she has won 
great praise. Miss Yaw then served light refreshments on the ver- 
anda. We had a most delightful time and it was quite dark when 
we reached home. We sent immediately for an Alpha Chi Omega pin, 
set with her birth stone, turquoise and pearls, and had her name en- 
graved upon it. This we presented to her just before she left for Eu- 
rope. Upon her return we hope to give her a large reception. We 
append a letter which we have just received from Miss Yaw. 

The marriage of Margaret Fulton Cook and Elmer E. Elliot took 
place at high noon on the 15th of May, at the University M. E. 
Church. The large auditorium was filled with friends of the young 
couple. Mr. Elliot graduated a year ago from the College of Liberal 
Arts and the bride was a student in the College of Music. After the 
ceremony the bridal party were driven to the home of the bride's 
father and an elegant breakfast was served, the bridal party, the Al- 
pha Chis and a few of the most intimate friends being present. At 
1:30 the couple left .showers of rice and old shoes for Santa 
Catalina Island for a short stay, after which they will be at home to 
their friends at Compton, Calif. On May nth Mabel Chalfin enter- 
tained the Alpha Chis in honor of the bride elect. A splendid musi- 
cal and literary program was given and a delightful luncheon served. 
The place cards were painted in water colors, everything being in 
the scarlet atid green. The decorations were most beautiful. 

We have initiated two lovely girls this year. Miss Mabel Chalfin 
and Marie Smith. We have given five parties which, though small, 


The Lyre 2n 

were very select and most enjoyable. We hope the next year will be 
a bright one for all the chapters. 

We lose three of our best girls by graduation; Nellie Burton, Ora 
Millard and Nellie Green. However we hope that they will remain 
near us, and join us in the jolly good times, which we always have 

With best wishes and greetings to Alpha Chi Omega. 


My Sisters in Alpha Chi Omega: 

I have thought of you many times during the winter — in fact you 
have accompanied me everywhere — each pearl in the beautiful brooch 
you gave me represents one of you. I always wear it over my heart. 
I hope you have had a happy winter. I have been very busy study- 
ing operas. Have been taking lessons in lyric declamation. That 
is, after having learned an entire opera, in French, would sing and 
act with a master. Only came to London a week ago. I send you a 
program of my concert in Paris. With love and best wishes and 
hoping to see you soon, • Yours in the bond, 

Ellen Beach Yaw, 

Siddons House, 27 Upper Baker St., London, May 14, 189H. 

P. S. Mrs. Siddons, the great actress, lived in this house. 
Some friends of mine have taken it and I am living with them. 

Concert — Doune Far — Mile. Ellen Yaw. 


1 Senate from Piano et Violoncello .... Stojowsk 

Mrs. Stojowski et Rouchiui. 

2 Sc^ne dc la Folied'Hamlet - A. Thomas 

Mile. Hllen Yaw. 

3 a. L^gcnde ..-._. Paderkwski 
b. Scherzo - ... - . Chopin 

Mr. Stojowski. 

4 Melodies ... _ . 

Mile. Kllcn Yaw. 

5 8 5 Nocturne . _ . . . Chopin 
b 2 Polonaise _ _ - - Poppkr 

Mr. Rouchini. 

6 Tarentclle - ... . . BIzet 

Mile. Kllen Yaw 
Accompagnateur: Mr. Leon Ringsdorff. 


38 The Lyre. 


Dear Sisters of Alpha Chi: 

When the secretary of our chapter asked me to write the Zeta 
letter for the forthcoming edition of the "Lyre" it was with great 
pleasure that I consented, hoping that I might be able to interest 
you, who like myself, are loyal to the scarlet and olive, in the im- 
mense work in lines of the truest musical culture that is being ac- 
complished in this beautiful Eastern city. Every Conservatory stu- 
dent, sooner or later, is brought face to face with the fact that her 
chosen profession is one of work ; incessant earnest, objective work, 
and it is a credit to our art that the number of students who are will- 
ing to enter, heart and soul, into this life of labor and to sacrifice 
everything for it. is a vast majority over the number who are study- 
ing music as an accomplishment merely. Such being the case and 
in view ot the fact that every hour is precious to those w^ho may be 
here at great personal sacrifice it is but natural that the life of the 
average Conservatory student is filled to overflowing, and that lec- 
ure room, concert hall and class room, vie in offering constant ad- 
vantages and incentives to noble efforts. 

About four hundred girls out of the nearly two thousand students 
board in the Conservatory building. This department of the institu- 
tion is conducted on the same principles as which govern all 
the larger colleges of our land. The girls are in a liberal sense self- 
governed, and in regard to privileges, are placed entirely upon their 
honor. Our preceptress is the center of the "Home" and with her 
gracious tact and womanly sympathy, coupled with rare intellectual 
and moral abilities, makes her influence felt in every room, and has 
gained for herself intense loyalty and devotion in the heart of every 
one of the girls. 

The N. E. C. girl's work begins at eight in the morning and 
continues throughout the day. At almost any hour, if she be not 
found at her pianoforte or organ, she may be seen with her violin 
under her arm hurrying to an appointment, taking notes in the lec- 
ture room, down in Sleeper Hall at an ensemble class, in the recita- 
tion room puzzling over some knotty musical problem, or out for her 


The Lyre. 39 

daily promenade. In regard to our teachers it hardly seems neces- 
sary for me to speak at length. They represent the highest musical 
culture of many musical nations. They are men who themselves the 
pupils ot the world's greatest masters, have established their reputa- 
tion individually, by their experience and success as teachers in the 
most prominent and noted of foreign schools and conservatories. 

Among the advantages in a musical line which are ours because 
of the location of our school in a great musical and art center, is the 
opportunity of hearing all of the world's finest musicians. Nearly 
all the great musicians who come to Boston visit the Conservatory; 
indeed, most of them have personal friends among our Faculty and 
they often favoi us with impromptu recitals, at which they always 
seem at their best, as they feel the inspiration of the intense musical 
life about them and recognize the sincerity and intelligence of the 
enthusiasm with which they are welcomed among us. In this way 
we have had the pleasure of meeting Stavenhagen, Melba, Nordica, 
Nilsson, Joachim, Paderewski, Carreno, Scalchi and many others. 

This then is our life, a busy, happy, enthusiastic labor sur- 
rounded by every incentive and aid to work, breathing an atmos- 
phere electrically charged with music, so that filled with the desire 
to excel, the ambition to be a Musician — spelt with a capital — speed- 
ily fills the mind and dominates every thought and action 

Fraternally yours, 

Alice Frances Parker. 



The Lyre 


(Post graduate) by Helen Hanua Birch, assisted by the Lorelei Club and 

Violin Quartette. 

1 (a) Prelude and Fiijfue 
(b) Sonata. Op 31, No 3. 




Scherzo. Menuetto, Presto. 

2 Gypsy Life Schumann 

Lorelei Club. 

3 Carnival Pranks. Op 26 Schumann 


4 (a) Solvejjf's Sonjf ('^teg 

(b) Liebe Grieg 

5 (a> Andante Kretschmann 

(b) Gavotte Schelhchmidt 

Violin Quartette. 

6 Scherzo in B flat minor Choftin 

7 (a) Valse Triste Mac-Dowell 

(b) Polonaise MacDowell 


(Junior) given by Miss Luthera Parkhurst, assisted by Vocal Quartette, Miss 

Eva Osburn, Miss Chloe Alice Gilluni, Miss Kerne Wood. Miss Lucy 

Andrews; Miss Raeburn Cowger, violin; Miss Laura Christie, clarinet. 



Vocal Qitartkttk 





Vocal Qi'artkttk 


Trio for clarinet, viola and piano. 
Andante, alleyrello. 

Sonata Op 26. 

.\ndante con vaiiazioni. allej^ro 

Comin' thro' the Rye. 

Invention in b. 

Impromptu No.^. B flat. 

Second piano. Miss Sawyers. 

I a. Ktude Op 25, No 9. 

< b. Nocturne Op 37. No I. 

' c. Mazurka Op 7, No i 

Valse Favorite Op 1 1;;^. 

The Cuckoo. 

Pas des-Cymbales. 



(Junior) by Miss I^ouise UUyctte, assisted by Miss Osburn and Miss Gillutn, 

voice; Miss Andrews, violin; Mr. Grooms, 'cello. 

1 Overture— "Tannhauscr" IVagner 

Wjisfuer (Piano) Quartette. 

2 Sonata in G Be€th<n>en 

Allegro and Andante. 

% Trio in (i. Piano, violin and 'cello Haydn 

Ailajfio and Presto. 

4 SoiiK Without Words. Op s.v No ig Mendelssohn 

Nocturne. Op ^2. No i Chopin 

5 Vocal Duet— -With the Stream" R.Tours 

6 Salt • rello E. Haberbier 

7 Romance from Concerto. D minor Mozart 

With second piano accompaniment . 


The Lyre. 



Voice Department) Given in Meharry Hall June 4th, 1898, by Miss Eva Osburn 

assisted by Mrs. Anna Allen Smith, accompanist; Misses Lucy Andrews, 

and Raeburn Cowger, violinists; Miss Josephine Armstrong, 

pianist; DePauw Symphony Orchestra. 


Aria (Uer Fricscheutz) 

Die Lotoshlume 


Violin Duetto— Andante 

Miss Osburn. 
Misses Andrews and Cowger. 



Pa pint 

Come Godard 

Indian Bell Song (Lakme) Delibes 

Mias Osburn. 

Capriccio Brillante. Op 22 Mendelssohn 

Miss Josephine Armstrong, with orchestral accompaniment 

Fleurettc Mascheroni 

Twickenham Ferry Marzials 

Piping Down the Valleys Wild Somervell 

Miss Osburn. 




(a) Sister Fairest, why art thou sighing / 

(b) Sweetheart, thy lips are touched with flame \ 


The Gap in the Hedge 

la) The Yellow Daisy \ 

(b) The Beaming Eyes S 

Hindoo Song 

. . Chadwick 

. Barnard 


. . . Bemberg 

Third Subscription Recital, New England Conservatory of Music. April 4, 


.... Schubert 

I 'ieux temps 


"The Lord is my Shepherd'" 

Female Choru.s 

Fantasie appassionata— violin 

Mr. William Traupc. South Hoston. 

Two movements of Concerto in I) minor- pianoforte 

•Miss Jessie Holle Wfjod. Chicaiaro. 111. 

I^rghctto from Quintet for Clarinet and Strinx.*! . Mozart 

Mr. Charles F. Carey, Boston; Mr. Traupe: 'Miss Ivlisabcth Mav«), Dunkirk. N. Y,; 
Miss Ida M. Smith, '97, New Tripoli, Pa; Mr Delbcrt Webster. Boston. 

"The Water Nymph" Rubinstein 

Miss Pauline Woltmann. '97. Rock I.sland, 111 . and Female Chorus. 

Siegfried Paraphrase— violin ll'agnrr-ll'ithelmj 

L'Orage — violin Wieuxtemps 

Mr. Clifford Sprunt, Melrose. Mass. 

Ana. *• With verdure clad," from 'Creation" Haydn 

Miss Annie (ionyon. Cottage City, Mass. 

Conccrtstiick — pianoforte H^eber 

Mr. Webster. 

* Alpha Chi Omega. 


42 The Lyre. 


Given by the students of the advanced classes of the New England Conserva- 
tory of Music, May 4th, 1898. 


First movement of Concerto in E flat major — pianoforte Moxart 

*Mi88 Margaret Upcraft, Oswego, N. Y. 

••Barcarolle" j '^'^'**^* 

^'Sunshine" Grieg 

Miss Susan Dinsmore, Belfast. Me. 
Elegie, C minor— violin Ernst 

Capriccio, B flat major — ^violin . . . Benda 

Sonata, E minor— violin Paganini 

Mr, Harry W. Barry, East Boston. 
"Spring Song" Mackenzte 

"A May Morning" Dema 

Mrs. Maude Hessong Sweeney, Manon, Ohio. 

Davidsbiindler— pianoforte Schumann 

*Mi8S Jessie Belle Wood. Chicago, III. 

••ar.nTe^i;;nK { J.C.D.Parker 

Miss Pauline Woltmann. '97. Rock Island, III 

First movement of ••Faschingsschwank" Schumann 

(Carnival Pranks) pianoforte— Miss I«illie Decker, Fredericksburg. Va. 

Pupils' Recital of New England G>n8ervatory of Music. May 7tlL 


Cavatina, G major, violin Hollander 

Mr. Russell I<oring, Bingham, Mass. 
Berceuse, D flat major— pianoforte Chopin 

Miss Elsie Barnard, E. St. Louis, 111. 
Romanza, G major— violin Svendsen 

•Miss Violet Truell. Plainfield, N. J 
"On wings of song"— pianoforte Mendelssohn- Liszt 

"Entrance of Harlequin"— pianoforte Rtnaldi 

*Miss Maud Collin, Rochester. Minn. 
Concerto for violin Gade 

Miss Maud Hudnut, Wellesley, Mass. 
Scherzo, B flat minor— pianoforte Chopin 

Miss Louise Daniel. Victoria, Texas. 

Pupils* Recital, New England G)nservatory of Music, Jan. 22, 

Sonata, F major. Op 24. second, third aud fourth moveraent.s— pianoforte and violin..^<'^/Am'*rn 
Adagio raolto expressivo— Scherzo. Allegro mol to — Roudo. Allegro ma non troppo. 
•Miss Margaret Upcraft. Oswego. N. Y. Miss Stella Root, Houston, Texas. 

Concerto, D minor, first movement— pianoforte . . Mendelssohn 

•Miss Jessie Wood, Chicago, 111. 

Song, "Mia Piccirella," from "Salvator Rosa" Gomes 

Miss Ada Parker, Ironton, Ohio. 

Hungarian Fantasie— pianoforte Lisxt 

Mr. Alfred DeVoto. Boston. 
•Alpha Chi Omega. 


The Lyre. 43 


Twenty-Third Students' Recital by Miss Irene Stevens, pianist, assisted by 

Mr. Emil Morhardt, violinist, May 5th. 


English Suite. No 6 Bach 

Allemande. Courante, Sarabande, Gavotte, Minuet. Polonaise, 

Miss Stevens. 

Legende Witntawski 

Mr. Morhardt. 

Laengsel Svendsen 

Crescendo Per Laswn 

Music Box. Ltvdon 

Novelette Per IVinge 

Miss Stevens. 

Fantasie Caprice yieuxtemps 

Mr. Morhardt. 

Peer Gynt Suite Grieg 

Moraingr. Aasa's Death. Anitra's Dance. In the Home of the Mountain King^s. 

Miss iStevens and Mr. Morhardt. 

Concertstiick ( March Tempo) Weber 

Miss Stevens. 
Orchestral part on second piano — Mrs. Coe. 


Twenty fifth Students* Recital by Mr. William A. Stacey, baritone, assisted 

Miss Grace Ericson, pianist, May 24th. 


DioPossente Gounod 

Evening: Star Wagner- 

Mr. Stacev. 
The Trout ." Schubert- Heller 

Miss Ericson. 
The Wanderer ) 

"I Will Not Grieve" [ Schumann 

Two Grenadiers ) 

Mr. Stacey. 

Ui Gondola Henselt 

The Two Skylarks Leschttixiky 

Miss Ericson. 
•Pear Not Ye, O Israel" Buck 

Mr. Stacey. 
Hungary MacDowell 

Miss Ericson. 

The Ring Hawley 

Asleep, Adream. Awake Vanderpool 

Torreador's Song Bixet 

Mr. Stacy. 


J. F. Newman, 

19 John 


erriciai jeweier to j^^^ York. 



I confine myself exclusively to a fine gra«le of work, and my Jeweled Badpes 
are unef|ualed for richness and beauty In crown settings, particularly. 

Large Jewels of Real Value, 

Are mounted in true Cluster form. I make a specialty of oure Diamond or Dia- 
mond combination pieces. Price list, samples and estimates sent on applica- 
tion through vour chapter. 


Manufacturer .f oiamond and Fine 

Jeweled Work Rings, '^Jo""**-. «• v. 

W. F. Stuart. 


Everything Pertaining to Photography, 

Kodaks, Plates. Paper, Mounts, etc., 
of all Kinds. 

No. 217 ehesuut St., 

Meadville, Pa. 


K\ ine Table Goods, 
il €)ruit and Vegetables' 

Go ToA^A^ 

Bunder s Grocery, 

248 Chcsnut St, Meadvillc, Penna* 

So HooM !• KaallT Convlete 
WlUumt a new laVT Model 

If 2SnDUf 11 Banjo or Zither. 

Prom Sis.oQ Upward. 

Bi* iViVlaimr'^'^. U is iTie'riHilMl. daiiiliMt 
■nd lUthteK Mandolin '™*"f'^„^'^|j'^^,^ 
^"tulfn. Wu^bunu are sold at Sued andunilorn. 
srlm h)F all firat-cUwi rauidc dwlera evm-wln-re. 

W^udibiirmmthe acliiK>»ledg«: Uam&rd nf Ihe 
wiirld. 'I'hry are uwrf encloBlvelybi- the iKiding 
Artlita. Teuehcn and Glee lliiliB. S|""r"ilVnn 
burn cutaUaiiie cnotainlnic pnrtralts of over 100 
Ai1im.«nd^iiinn(niTnntion, priMj, endorsemenlj. 
etc., will heaenirTw i.n recefw «( appllcal on. If 
1v''?-.'o"D"^i[h |irlvi;5»e uf eaaoiination, 
dltert from tlic (actury- 

A Wajhbam Unprovea with ase and makM a 
OIK that iBCTHsea In value aa the year, go by. 
It K nally worth many times Its coet. 

Cotner Wabaib Av«. aod Adani* St. , Chicago. 

Scn& tbose olO maga3lnes 

to tbegecijett Book Bindery, 

nreencastle. Ind.. 

f I 


are we 

About the way we do our work. 
We mahe a Special^ of 

Fine Job Printing. 

(\olIcgc anb 

Soliciled. Let us figure or your Col- 
lege Hand B<X)k. 


Book, News and Job Printer, 
Greencastle, Indiana. 

marks out a Held ol it* own. Haw tne nialcers of the Washliurn achieved Ihln tMumph Is an 
inlcTCSIlnK alory. ll leems that a vear a«o tbiy lie«an a Krlen of exneriineota, bavioc In view 
the production of a mandolin lone finer than auythins Ihe world had yel heiird. FIrit. all Ihe 

atudio fliled with plana and modela. invitations wpte sent oiil to prnnii'neni niandoUo playrra. 

e ol Ihe moit 

aelTer. Wells. 

Brat. Sulorina. Haien. Boulon. Tnmey. I-aee. etc , ele . and it la hardly too mnc 

to say tbsl 

Model Mandolin. Sn lodHy il sIBndH npon a pinnacle— raisin r a new standard o 

^7 Washburn 

Mandolin ex- 

cellen-e. For ibe time it has been beloTB tbe public It. «ile4 are phenomena] A 

cililoeneifullv illustrated! lellini more ahout Ihii -nandoirn. and also i[»iii([ fu 

'1 particnia" 

of tlie 1H9; models ol Washlmrn ruWi. binjoi anl litherx m ly lie had hy addiM 

Ing LYON & 

Hlpba Cbi ©meoa- 

Cbapter VolL 

Alpha, DePaiuv University, Greencastle, Indiana. 

Beta. Albion College, Albion, Michigan. 

Gamma, Northwestern University, Kvanston, Illinois. 

Delta, Pennsylvania College of Music, Meadville, Pennsylvania. 
Ei»siLON, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. 

Zet^, New England Conservatory, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Eta, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania 

(Branb Cbapter^s^Hlpba. 

©eneral ©fflicers* 

President, Mary Janet Wilson, Alpha. 

Secretary Alta Mae Allen, Beta, 

Treasurer, Gertrude Ogden, Delta, 

dorresponMuo Secretaries. 

Alpha, Raeburn Cowger. 

Beta Alt«a Mae Allen. 405 Erie St. 

Gamma, Lillian wSiller, 831 F'oster St. 

Delta ly. Kay Barnaby, North Park Ave. 

Kpsilon, JessieLeone Davis, 2904 Vermont Ave. 

Zeta, Edith Rowland Manchester, 82 Burnett St., Providence, R. I. 
Eta, Belle Bartol. 


Fannie Bloomfield^Zeisler, 

568 East Division Street 

Chicago, lUi: 

Miss Neally Stevens, 

Concert Pianist. 

Alameda County, 
Residence, San Lorenzo. 


Maud Powell, 


40 West Twentieth Street, 

New York Ci^*^ 


Marie Decca, 

Prima Donna, 

Opera, Oratorio, Concert, Etc, 

Address, Care The Musical Courier, New Yor 



Alpha Chi Omega 


The Key To the Treasury. 

Once I stood before a picture of rare coloring, but the text was 
unintelligible, even to mv vivid imagination. Fleecy, velvety 
white clouds formed the background, — clouds that might have been 
transplanted from some tender June sky, — and the high lights were 
touched with a delicate rosy glow, and shaded finally into a soft 
twilight gray. Then floating, bouyed in the wonderous clouds were 
the heads of cherubs, sheathed with golden hair, and with faces of 
etherial sweetness. A more careless observer might have pronounc- 
ed it a '*pretty conceit" — but to me, some subtle influence seemed 
to extend an irresistable power over me. 

Presently, someone near me read from his guide book, '*The 
Children of the Dawn" (referring to the picture I was gazing upon), 
and instantly a poem, vibrating with the pulse of life, was revealed 
to me. The clouds of snow, the glow of the rose, resting as lightly 
as the blush on maiden's brow, the dew tipped grass, and nodding 
flowers, the whispering of the breeze, the laughing of the forest 
stream, — all were there: and up the painted steeps of the eastern sky 
came glowing heralds of the coming day, so young and fair, breath- 


4 The Lyre. 

ing yet of her mysterious birth place, yet speeding on to make her 
chapter in the history of Time. 

Lo! the picture breathes, — a living, pulsating world! So do we 
grope blindly among musical beauties, conscious only of forms, made 
so by musical law — securing only mechanical effects, which in com- 
parison are as ignorance to wisdom, or artificial light to the glowing 
sun, or a painting in lieu of nature. It is true that masters differ as 
materially in their methods of musical expression as individuals do 
from each other, yet with perseverence we may all use the Key that 
unlocks the treasure-house of Knowledge, if we choose. 

We may imagine that our acquaintance with the refined poetical 
natures of Chopin, Mozart or Haydn — or that the dramatico of a 
Wagner or Beethoven is sufficient for our comprehension of their 
respective works, — but in reality how wonderfully inadequate! It is 
quite possible for this fraternity, the Alpha Chis, to become the con- 
trolling spirit of this longfelt need and to promote the study of musi- 
cal interpretation, which in time shall give stability to the study of 
music throughout the land. 

Pearl Mae Hknrv. 

Music is the essence of order, and leads to all that is good, just 
and beautiful. — Plato. 

Let not a day pass, if possible without having heard some fine 
music, read a noble poem, or seen a beautiful picture. 

— Goethe. 

So that genius exists it matters little how it appears — whether 
in the depths, as with Bach, or in the heights, as with Mozart, or in 
the depths and heights at once, as with Beethoven. 

— Schumann. 


The Lyre. 

The Finale* 

Written for the first movement of Het-thoven's Sonata in C Sharp minor 

Fare thee well I 

My soul, 
Thou and I soon must part. 
Through a mist of silvery light, 

Soul, we shall see, heart to heart! 
Why leavest me alone to mourn, 

Do souls return from that cool bourne? 
Aye? Vet — 


F'are thee well! 

In the hush 
Of the evenuig's soft gray. 
When the vvide sad world 
Is asleep, and the moon's first ray 
On you and me so softly fall. 
We must obey that mighty call. 
That trembles into eternity. 
Ah, my r.oul, 

Fare thee well! 


In eternity 
Lies no recognition ever again 
For us, — for thou wilt mount higher, 
And higher. — yet if thou but bend 
Over me, lying there alone, 

1 will wake, and make no moan. 
Yet, — oh, no longer? 

Then farewell! 

Fare thee well! 

Pi:arl Whitcomb Henry 


6 The Lyre. 

The Etude. 

(Paper read before Richmond. Ind.. Musical Club, March 30. 1898.) 

Time and time again do we have this subject before us for discus- 
sion. First we hear one side, and then another, both from good 
authorities and how are we to judge? Matthews in speaking of the 
etude says: *' Pianoforte etudes such as those of Chopin have a per- 
manent place in instruction because they enlarge the students know- 
ledge of the instrument and the tonal effect it contains. So it is with 
the studies of Liszt. ' * 

The tendency at the present time is to dispense with etudes. 
No one, of course, would deny the importance of this line of 
study, and yet of course it may be carried to an extreme. It seems 
that the idea that the young pupil has in regard to the etude is, as 
some one expressed it, "a hard shell with no kernel,*' in other words, 
"a thing on which he is to exercise his teeth and maxillary muscles, 
merely in order that he may acquire the ability and sufficient power 
to ma.sticate a piece which is held up before his half famished eye as 
a piece of taffy or a bon-bon." The result is of course the child has 
an aversion to and horror of even the sight of an etude. Do you 
remember how much more you yourself enjoyed the little studies of 
Heller because they seemed to be little pieces with such pretty and 
romantic uame.s? 

A teacher once described the effect of etude upon a very young 
pupil which illustrates the idea. He says: "I once composed little 
studies for a little pupil time and again and frowned as she returned 
them half practiced or with an apology that, * Mamma swept it out of 
doors,' or 'baby tore it up.' The next time the same little girl 
came hurriedly in with a similar exercise this time on top of the roll 
of music or more likely in her hand, so eager that she could hardly 
wait to play it. I smiled as I read at the top a few words that I had 
written a wt^ek ago. 'Jenny's Birthday March,' composed for and 
dedicated to her by her teacher." 

The reading of stacks upon stacks of etudes is not a good idea. 


The Lyre, 7 

A great many have finished Cramer, Taiisig, Moscheles and are un- 
able to read much smaller works. 

Oscar Raif, of Berlin, who is said to have had phenomenal suc- 
cess with his pupils uses no prijiled technic, resulting in a great 
saving of time and force, and above all, in the interpretation of the 
music itself. The real end of instruction is to turn out an intelligent 
player of real music. The sole object with some is to develop ability 
to merely pronounce as it were, without understanding the meaning. 
I should think the true object should be, to be able to interpret the 
meaning in such a way as to convey the poetry of it to others. 

We do not have to plough through h71 musical etudes because 
our ancestors did it a century ago. Do not misunderstand me how- 
ever, I do not mean to say that no etudes are to be used, but do 
not let us wear our lives out on unmusical technic. Many etudes 
to my mind ^x^ pieces and very beautiful ones, too. So also, many 
pieces are etudes as ** Raff's, and Mason's Danze Rus- 
tique. Technical skill increases of itself under the spur of new diffi- 
culties undertaken — and surmounted. It is said that after hearing 
Paganini, Liszt shut himself up to practice his etudes and tech- 
nique ten hours a day and afterwards saw the folly of it. In etudes 
we generallj' develop one hand at a time while the other is seemingly 
idling, but even in five finger exercise that difficulty can be overcome. 
A rather amusing and original suggestion although perhaps not ele 
gant — is given in the following, taken from a paper read before the 
Iowa Mu.sic teachers' association: 

**As to the etude question, it is becoming such a mania that 
I suggest technical recitals where proficient pupils will exhibit their 
abilities in glissando octaves, octave trills, scales, double notes. Miss 
McGliick will be announced to play a group of broken octaves and 
Master Zieb Knecht will play the C minor scale in sixths, to be fol- 
lowed by a tournament in velocity playing to con- 
clude with a hundred yards dash in chromatic scales." He says 
further, '*I don*t want to li.slen to unmusical etudes when I go to a 
piano recital. Let educational recitals be announced, so the public 
will not be misled into attending. For while Herr Seffstern's wrist 


8 The Lyre 

may be capable of immense work, still we go for music and not 
meclianism. As for me, 'Give me music or give me death!* " 

Bertta Miller. 

Fancy and feeling go naturally together, and indeed, ought to be 
uniled: but such union is rare and is one of the surest signs of genius. 

— Pauer. 

"To the true artist music should be a necessity and not merely 
an occupation. He should not manufacture music; he should live 

i.i iL" 

He is a good musician who understands the music x without the 
score, the score without the music. — Robert Schumann. 

Music resembles chess; the queen (melody) has the most power, 
bul the king (harmony) turns the scale. 

— Robert Schumann. 

The true artist is always the severest critic of himself. He will 
be mdifferent to praise, if he feels that it is not deserved. On the 
other hand no blame or censure will affect him, if he knows that he 
has done his dutv." 





Pnb'ished quarterly by Alpha Chapter, Banner Times office. Cireencastle. Ind. 

Subscription. 75 cts. per vcar. Single copies. 20 cts 

^#- ADVERTISING RATHS — Full pajfe, Jio.oo; half pajfe, <e> 00; quarter paj^e. $3.00 '%^ 

All material for the next nujnber must he in by Novemb«»r i-sth. 
Mary Jankt WiLS<^N. Hilitor Assistanis, MiKlred Ru'tlcdKe.— Subscriptions. 
Helen Hantia Birch. — Personals Racburn Cowfjer— Chapter Correspondence. 

VOL. III. grkkncastm:. ind., shptkmmhr. 1S98. no. hi 


Hi! Hi! Hi! 
• Al-pha-Chi! 
Alpha Chi Omega. 

We repeat the yell in this i.ssiie as in the June number through 
some blunder the C was dropped in the third line. 

Material for December number must be in by Nov. 26. 

Mail matter for Thk Lyrk should not be addressed to the pub- 
lishing office as it causes delay. 

As Alphi Chi enters upon a new year it should be with a pur- 
pose to maintain a high standard in all departments of work. 


lo The Lyre, 

For information on the subject of '^How to make The Lyre a 
success" see Delta. 

*' Where there's a Will there's a way" and the chapter that 
sincerely endeavors to help will find many opportunities. 

How can we spend our summer vacations pleasantly and profit- 
ably? See Delta. 

The date of the convention has not yet been .set. but we trust 
Beta is expecting us early, and that all will be thoroughly prepared 
for good work. 

Songs are being collected and we hope the book will l>e definite- 
ly arranged and planned for at the convention. 

We wish to call the attention to the adverti.sement of M. T. 
Bird who has the official monogram and can furnish Alpha 
Chi stationery. This should be more generally used. 

Few infants are endowed at the beginning with full powers of 
speech and action; yet Eta chapter is heard 'from at the first oppor- 
tunity and her work may be an inspiration to some of the older 

The subscriptions sent in this summer have been dated with 
January '98. All new members wishing to subscribe can begin 
with September and pay 40 cts. for the remainder of the vear. 
Then all renewals will date from January, 1899. 

W^e are pleased to note that the chapters are now better organiz- 
ed for general and individual work than ever before. There are a 
few weak places along the line and one strong chapter is not doing 
enough but we ho])e all will be in good order by the end of the year. 


The Lyre, 1 1 

The Grand President proposes that one fraternity meeting of 
eaeh quarter be devoted to the reading and discussion of The Lyre. 
Many things will be brought up and valuable criticisms may be 
mide. It raav aUo result in the chapters being better informed as to 
when copy is due and subscriptions expire. 

The following from the Musical Courier of July 4th concerns an 
Alpha Chi and will be of interest to all: "Touch, technic and tem- 
perament unite in Miss Estelle Pickard in proportions to make an 
artistic unity. She came to New York in '94 to study with Dr. 
Mason, but afier hearing her play he found that his schedule was 
full and so advised her to go to Mr. Bowman, with whom she has 
studied piano and theory two seasons and part of another. On a recent 
afternoon Dr. Mason and Mr. MacDowell knocked at Mr. Bowman's 
door while he was engaged in giving a leSvSon. Excusing himself he 
left his pupil playing the A minor prelude. Vol. II, Bach, and step- 
ped into the hall to see his visitors. While they were talking, with 
the door just ajar, Dr. Mason, noticing the quality of touch and 
r>'thmical character of the playing, asked *Who's that you've got 
there?' and, turning to Mr. MacDowell, added, 'There is sense in 
that kind of playing; she's a good one, eh?' to which the Columbia 
professor nodded assent. 'Who is it?' again to Bowman. *0h 
(banteringly), just one of the pupils you wouldn't take a few years 
ago.' 'Well,' replied the doctor, *you just send her to me and 
I'll send you a stupid one in exchange.' The pupil who was play- 
ing the Bach Prelude so much to the liking of her di.stinguislied 
li.steners was Miss Pickard. Miss Pickard has taught at the Con- 
servatory at Meadville, Pa., and at Jamestown. N. Y., her home. 
She was organist for some time at the First M. E. Church there. 
She expects to return next fall to study another season with Mr. 
Bowman, and it is safe to predict for her a brilliant career." 


12 The Lyre, 

Chapter Personals. 


Louise Ullyette will not return this year. 

Daisy Estep will return after the holidays. 

Janet Wilson visited in Richmond this summer. 

Emma Miller expects to enter for the Fall term. 

Mayme O'Dell will not be able to enter this term. 

Meta Horner is .<udying at the Valparaiso normal school. 

* Pearl Waugh spent a few days at Chatauqua this summer. 

Helen O'Dell spent a few weeks at the Omaha Exposition. 

Jo.sephine Tingley. of Toronto, visited in Greencastle this sum- 

Ida Steele has returned to continue her studies in Chicago uni- 

Adeline Rowley was called to mourn the death of her youngest 
brother recently. 

Mrs. Ella Farthing Clites, an early initiate of Alpha chapter, 
now resides at Clarksburg, Indiana. 

Miss Maude Povvell's greetings to the Fraternity reached us 
from Canterbury, England, in August. 

Flora Vandyke was married to Mr. Whisand, of Ashmore, in 
July. Mame Jennings attended the wedding. 

Helen Birch had the pleasure of meeting a number of Delta 
girls while studying with vSherwood at Chatauqua. 

Eva Osburn will return for college work and post graduate work 
in voice. She will also have a small cla.S8 in voice. 

Lucy Andrews will continue her studies at tjie New England 
Conservatory this year. She will be affiliated wnth Zeta chapter. 

Bertta Miller has a large music in Richmond and sings at 
the Episcopal church. She is also a member of the matinoe musi- 


The Ly}e. 13 

Kstelle Leonard, charter member, and Rose Mert*dith, first ini- 
tiate of Alpha chapter, are planning to attend the convention at 

Kstelle Leonard and Rose Meredith, while visiting in Indianap- 
olis this summer, met some of the pioneer members of Alpha 

Zella Marshall still continues her work with Liebling, and has a 
studio in Chicago where she receives ])upils. She also does some 
concert work. 

Florence Thompson was married on September Fourteenth to 
Mr. Joseph Taggart, of Indiana])()lis. They will be at home at 2150 
North Meridian Street. 

Mame Jennings visited friends in (ireencastlt* in July. She will 
be at her home in Newcastle this winter, having resigned hei posi- 
tion as teacher in a southern collegtf. 

At the opening of school Alpha had the {pleasure of meeting 
Mrs. Jean Whitcomb Fenn. Beta chapter, who was visiting her 
parents in Greencastle. Mrs. Fenn lesides in Leavenworth, Kas. 

Eva R. Meredith, the first meni])er initiated into Alpha Chi 

Omega, has a large in vocal and instrumental music at Muncie. 
She often plays on the programs of the matinee musical ot that place, 
and has given a series of pupils' recitals 


Gertrude Buck, of Chicago, hns just published a new waltz. 

Katherine Roode is taking the course ol a trained nurse in Chi- 

Beta is anticipating a visit Irom Ivlizabeth Avery, of Phelps, 
N. Y 

Eva Pratt returns to BostOii n-j.xt month lor her third year in 
the art school. 

Miss Grace Brown has been suffering with a >e\ ere attack of 
tyhoid fever. 


14 The Lyre. 

Miss Alta Allen has accepted a position in Albion college, as 
teacher of Latin. 

Mrs. Belle Fiske Leonard took a five weeks' trip through Colo- 
rado this summer. 

Misses Lina and Nellie Baum have been visiting Chicago and 
Three Oakes friends. 

Miss Cora Harrington is soprano soloist in the First Methodist 
church of Jackson, Mich. 

Miss Ida Billinghurst will return to New York this fall to con- 
tinue her work in the Pratte institute. 

Miss Maude Armstrong will not return this fall as she has ac- 
cepted a position in the Detroit schools. 

Mrs. Martha R. Colby was at Chicamagua with her husband, 
Dr. Chas. Colby, for several days in July. 

Miss Dickie, who spent last year studying in New 
York, has been engaged as one of the piano instructors in Albion 

Miss Lucie McMasters had charge of the first concert of the as- 
sembly at Ludington this season. She was assisted by Miss Ethel 

Miss Myrtie White, who has been spending some time with her 
parents in Albion, has returned to Chicago, where she holds a church 
position and is also an assistant teacher of Mr. Hood. 

Miss Kittie Kggleston will give a recital in Marshall Sept. 21st. 
Miss Eggleston has been studying with Max Bendix the past year. 
She will be assisted by Dr. Edward B. Spaulding, baritone, of 


Miss Theodora Chaffee visited in New York several weeks. 
Miss Irene Stevens visited in Bay View in July and August. 
Miss Carrie Holbrook visited in Savannah, 111., during August. 
Miss Grace Richardson spent a few weeks in Holland, Mich. 


The Lyre, 15 

Miss Grace Ericson had a two weeks' outing in Tomahawk, 

Miss Blanche Hughes has spent the summer in Grand Rapids, 

Miss Cora Seegers was at Paw Paw Lake, Mich., for a few 

Miss Cornelia Porter, of Harabco. Wis., camped at Devil's Lake, 
Wis. , for a month. 

Miss Lillian Siller enjoyed a lake trip to Buffalo and Niagara 
Falls the latter part of August. 

Misses Jane and Beulah Hough, of Jackson, Mich., camped with 
a party at Clark's Lake, Mich., in July. 

Miss Ethel Lillyblade, who graduated from the school of music 
in '97, expects to return this year to study oratory. 

Miss Margaret Kellogg attended the commencementof William's 
college in June, and spent the rest of the summer at her home in 
Leon, N. Y. 


Miss Helen Orris has been visiting in Buffalo. 

Miss Edith Roddy spent a part of the summer in Buffalo, N. Y. 

Mrs. Robson is visiting her parents in Mead vi He this summer. 

Miss Elsie Kiefer has been visiting Zella Home in Greenville. 

Miss Grace Hammond has been at Lilly Dale, N. Y., for the 

Miss Flora Eastman has been spending the summer with her 
sister in Lima, O. 

Our girls are happy over their little Alpha Chi baby, the daugh- 
ter of Mrs. Seiple. 

Miss Gertrude Ogden has gone with Miss Blanche Stephenson 
to the latter's home in Utica, Penn. 

Mrs. Irvin, one of the initiates of the year 1897-98, left us in June 


1 6 The Lyre 

for Sitka, Alaska, where she is to make her home. All sincerely 
regret that she had to leave us ^o soon. 

Miss Blanche Stevenson, who spent the winter at Washington 
seminary, has been visiting the Misses Ogden. 

Misses Anna Ray, Florence Harper and May Graham spent a 
few days very pleasantly with Sarah Evans in Greenville. 

Miss Frances Hyers, who has been studying music in Oberlin 
since the holidays, has returned for the summer to her home in 
Cooperstown, Penn. 

Miss Helen Kdsall has returned, after a year's absence abroad, 
to her home in Elniira, N. Y., and she expects to resume her work 
in Meadville in September. 

Miss Fern Fickard, who has been doing such successful work 
under Mr. Bowman in New York, is at her home in Jamestown for 
the summer. She has been visiting Delta girls in various places, 

Mrs. Juria O. Hull, lornierly director of the Meadville Conserva- 
tory of Music, will open a vocal studio in Erie, Pennsylvania, the 
8th of Septembvir. Mrs. fiull is an enthusiastic Alpha Chi and will 
be glad to receive her sisters at loob State street. 

Miss Juvenilia O. Porter stopped overtrains in Meadville recent- 
ly and met a number of her Alpha Chi sisters. Miss Porter will 
play in a stock company this winter at the Star Theatre, Cincin- 
nati, as Miss Olive Porter, and will be most happy to meet any of 
her sisters who mav be there. 


The Lyre. 17 


Nellie Keep is at Catalina Island. 

Xellie Green is busy with her classes in elocution. 

Ina Gothard is still traveling but hopes to be with us this fall. 

Mabel Chalfin remained at home all summer working at her 
music and china painting. 

Louanna Hardwick will attend Miss Mason's school, in Tarry- 
town, near New York, this year. 

Nell Burton is studying under Herr Becker. She will accom- 
pany him to Germany next year. 

Mrs. Vancleve who is just convalescent from a severe illness 
spent part of the summer at Long Beach. 

We have missed Mrs. Chas. Brown (Gamma) very much; she 
has been spending her summer in the East. 

Nell Burton, Lillian Whitton, Ora Millard, Ollie Barringer, 
Jessie Davis and Stella Chamblin, of Gamma, spent several weeks 
at Long Beach. 


Miss Mary Johnson expects to return to school this year. 

Miss Belle M. Sigourney visited the school at commencement. 

Miss Alice F. Parker '96 .spent the month of Auguest at Rye 
Beach, N. H. 

Miss Mary Patterson '97 has been spending the summer at Rus- 
sell Cottages, Kearsarge Village, N. H. 

Miss Sade Farel '98 has been a pupil of Sherwood, of Chicago, 
at Chatauqua during the summer months. 

Miss Irene Spencer was married on the ninth of August to Mr. 
A. C. Gounley. They will make their home in Great Fall, Mon- 

Miss Lilla Johnson '98 has accepted a position as teacher of 


1 8 The Lyre. 

voice culture at the Girls' Industrial normal school at Milledgeville, 

Miss Jessie Belle Wood '98 had the honor of opening the com- 
mencement exercises in Tremont Temple with Schumann's Davids- 
biindler which she rendered so creditably. She also received the 
silver seal on her diploma. 


Jessie Steiner has been made organist of the local Christian 

Frances Woods will be a senior next year, in harmony and 

Ida Liszt is teaching piano and organ, and during the summer 
is taking lessons in German. 

Amy Gilbert graduated in Piano and in Harmony. She will 
visit us at the opening of College. 

Belle Bartol has just composed an Alphi Chi song, — words and 
music, — and sent out blue print copies to many of the girls. During 
the summer she is taking mandolin lessons. 

Jessie Steiner won honors for Eta chapter at commencement. 
She was awarded the first senior essay prize of twenty-four dollars, 
also the Craige Lippincott literary prize of fifty dollars, Jessie 
Steiner graduated in both the pipe organ and in the literary course. 


The Lyre. 19 

Giapter Letters. 


The summer vacation has been so replete with pleasures that it 
seems very short and we can scarcely realize that the time to com- 
mence another year of hard work is nearing. For most of the Alpha 
girls the summer has been a time for rest, and each so availed her- 
self of this opportunity that very few letters have been exchanged — 
hence this must necessarily contain much of my own doings. 

It was my priv^ilege to meet with the "Kta" girls at the time 
of the establishment of their chapter and my visit with them, from 
Wednesday until the following Monday, was one which afforded me 
great enjoyment and the longer I think of it the more I appreciate 
their efforts to entertain me. It wan the week before their com- 
mencement when all the girls were busy with examinations and re- 
citals. I had the pleasure of attending one Piano and one Pipe 
Organ recital. Both were very good indeed. Bucknell University 
contains many excellent and energetic girls who are thorough stu- 
dents and our new Alpha Chi sisters are loyal and ready to build up 
a strong chapter there. 

The most direct route from Greencastle to Lewisburg is through 
central Pennsylvania, through some of the most beautiful scenery of 
the East. Those of you who have seen the Allegheny mountains in 
the month of June when they wear a coat of the most brilliant 
shades of green, know something of the pleasure that this trip af- 
forded me. On my return I visited Niagara Falls and spent a few 
days in Cleveland, O. , with friends who showed me the beauties^of 
the city. J found a few Alpha Chis left at Greencastle who were 
anxiously awaiting my return to know the news from our new sis- 
ters. We expect many of our girls to return to school this fall and 
we hope to make this year a very profitable one. 

With best wishes from Alpha to all the girls of Alpha Chi and 
to all readers of the Lyre. Mildred Rutledge. 

Sept. 13,1898. 



The Lyre, 


It is with best wishes for a successful session during 1898-99 
that Beta greets her sister chapters. 

We are looking forward to an unusually prosperous year, for a 
large amount of good fraternity material is expected. 

On commencement day of last June it was announced that Otto 
Sand had been engaged as director of the Conservatory. This was 
indeed joyous tidings, for his reputation as violinist and conductor is 
sure to draw a large number of new students for the conserv^atory. 
Mr. Sand is a native of Berlin, where he studied at the Hochschule 
under such celebrated teachers as Musin and Miiller, acting as con- 
cert-master for the Berlin Philharmonic. His wife, an excellent 
pianist, will be associated with him in his work here, as she has 
been engaged as one of the instructors on the piano. 

Beta held her annual reunion June i8th at the lodge. About 
forty loyal Alpha Chis were present to participate in a jolly good 
time. In the afternoon the following program was given: 

Piauo 5olo 



Vocal Solo 

Zu den Friihling 


"The Dream" 
"Sweetheart, Tell Me" 


Klizabeth A. Tefft. 97 

Ada Dickie. '9S 

Janette Alien Cushman, '93. 

Cora K. Harrington. '94. 

Martha R. Colhv. 

- > — ■. . 

Clarissa Dickie. "94. 

Kate Calkins. '01. 
Piano D>iet. Die Shonv: Magklonk, 

Grace Dishrow. Kthel Calkins. 


N. Von Wilm 


N. Von Wilm 

An informal social time followed and then we left our little **dove 
cote" to return at eight, when we found it transformed into a perfect 
bower of beauty. Two long tables sparkled with silver and cut 
glass. On both tables were several small vases filled with scarlet 
carnations, attached to each flower and extending to every place 
was the scarlet and olive ribbon, so that graceful fe.stoons were form- 
ed the entire length of the table. After a sumptuous banquet we 


The Lyre. 21 

enjoyed as usual an intellectual feast, Miss Maude Armstrong acting 
as toast mistress. 

Sisters Alta AUen, Kate Calkins, Mamie Dickie and Miss Clar- 
issa Dickie gave a luncheon Friday, September the second, in honor 
of Miss Margaret E. Gaylord, of New York City. Miss Gaylord is 
the soprano soloist in Beecher's old church in Brooklyn, now that of 
Dr. Lyman Abbott. The guests present enjoyed a rare treat in her 
singing. She possesses a voice ot great beauty and power which 
she uses with artistic effect. 

Fannie Dissette responded to toasts with her customary wit 
and eloquence. 

Beta will open the tall term of '98 with an enthusiastic chapter 
of ten girls, who will soon prove that they are back for work, and 
when the smoke of the battle has cleared away, when the groans of 
the victims have ceased, and when poor Billy is recuperating after 
his brave struggles, we will undoubtedly take time to write with due 
calmness to the Lyre and upon its pages have recorded our captures. 

Wishing you all the same success, and pledging our perpetual 
and ever-growing love for old Alpha Chi, Beta bids adieu. 

Ada Dickik, 
Corresponding Sec'y. 

Dear Sisters: 

There seems so little to say in a chapter letter at this time of the 
year when the activ^e work of the chapter has ceased. 

We town girls have enjoyed the PVat this summer more than 
usual since there have been so many of us here. We organized a 
card club and have met once a week with the exception of a few 
weeks in the middle of the summer when there were not enough of 
us. Each girl took turns at entertaining and in this way we have 
enjoyed each other's company so much. 

One week when there were only a few of us in town we had a 
jolly picnic at Winnetka (five miles north of ICvanston ). Another 
time we went up to Milwaukee, Wis. , by boat chaperoned by the 


22 The Lyre, 

father of one of the girls. Of course that made a whole day of it for 
us from 7 a. m. until 1 1 130 p. m. , but it was a very delightful trip. 

We will have all of our old chapter back but about five. That 
will give us a strong chapter to start with as we had eighteen active 
members last year. 

We are certainly very glad to welcome our new chapter and 
hope it will have a very prosperous year. They have already shown 
their loyalty by sending in a song by one of their members. We 
hope the convention will be successful this year and that every 
chapter will be well represented. Gamma hopes to send visitors as 
well as delegates. . 

Gamma sends best wishes to all the chapters for a prosperous 
and enthusiastic year. 

Lillian Siller, Cor. Sec'y. 


Dear Sisters: 

Vacation days are fast slipping by and soon Alpha Chis will, 
everywhere, be gathering together once more, ready for good earnest 
work both in school and in Fraternity. 

There have been many changes in the Meadville school this 
year, so Delta girls will have to accustom themselves to much that 
is strange. Indeed even the name of the school is different now, 
being no longer the Meadville Conservatory of Music, but, instead, 
the Pennsylvania College of Music. 

There are two new teachers in the faculty, Herr Heink, teacher 
of piano and voice, .Mr. Wilhelm Schmidt, piano ;while Miss Edsall 
resumes her place after a year's absence in Berlin. Mrs. Hull, who 
has been director and voice teacher, leaves the school to start a 
studio in Erie, Penn. She has been a most loyal Alpha Chi, and 
will be much missed by "the girls", but she promises to be with us 
sometimes still, and we will seize every opportunity to make those 
sometimes as frequent as possible. 

Our girls seem to have more enthusiasm than usual this year, 
and it is hoped that the winter may be a profitable one full of sincere 
endeavor to make our fraternity all that it ought to be. 


The Lyre, 23 

One cause of our enthusiasm, or perhaps result of it, has been 
the formation of an Alpha Chi summer club, composed of the girls 
who have remained in Meadville during the vacation. I said "club**, 
but it could scarcely be called by so dignified a name for we simply 
met together informally, on Friday afternoons, at the homes of the 
various girls, and there sewed, visited and talked over Fra- 
ternity, and transacted such little business as there is to attend to in 
the summer. The meetings were delightful and if any other chapter 
thinks of trying the same, it certainly should feel encouraged, for 
Delta considers the plan a decided success. Next Friday, instead of 
our regular meeting, we give a dinner at the Ponce DeLeon Springs, 
in honor of Mrs. Hull. There will be about eighteen girls present 
and a pleasant time is anticipated. 

Mrs. John Dick gave an informal and delightful morning musi- 
cal, August i6th, in the large parlor of the Commercial hotel. She 
had the assistance of her sister, Juvia O. Hull, in five charming duets, 
and Miss Barnaby in two pleasing piano numbers. Miss Barnaby also 
acted in the capacity of accompanist. Mrs. Dick sang charmingly. Her 
voice is pure, sympathetic, dramatic, and of delightful timbre, and ev- 
ery number on her program was a gem in itself and very artistically 
given. The duets were a pleasing feature, the voices of these two 
sisters, artists, being so nearly of a quality. The following numbers 
were rendered: 

The Clover Blossoms ..... Rogers 

An Old Garden - - • - Tbmple 

My Mother Bids Me Bind My Hair Haydn 

A Madri gal ... Harris 

In a Bower - Nevin 

(a) No. I Child's Garden of Verses .... Nevin 

(b) No. 2 Child's Garden of Verses ... Nevin 

(c) I once Had Dear Little Doll, Dears _ . . . Nevin 

(d) Utile Boy Blue - -De Koven 
My Dreams - ..... Tosti 
Deserted _ . . . MacDowbll 
If I But Knew ..... Smith 
Si j 'itais Jardinier - .... Chaminade 
V am cau L' argent - ... Chaminade 

Though we have had a busy, happy summer in our chapter, 
there is not a great deal of news for our other sisters, so I will sim- 
ply ask pardon for a short, uninteresting letter, knowing that you all 


24 The Lyre 

have had, at times, the same experience and know how unsatis- 
factory it is to beg the muses to help you to write something when 
theie really isn't anything to write. 

With greetings to all Alpha Chi Omega. 

Yours in the bond, 

Edith J. Roddy. 
August 23rd, 1898. 


Dear Sisters: 

Epsilon held her first meeting today and elected Miss Stella 
Chamblin, of Gamma, to represent us at Convention. She leaves 
for the East the first of the week. Although from Gamma chapter. 
Miss Chamblin is a California girl and attended U. S. C. 

The college doors were opened for registration today but we do 
not yet know what the prospect is for Alpha Chi. We are on the 
outlook for new members. We are preparing a concert to be given 
in the chapel about Oct. 14th. 

Trusting the convention will be a grand success, 

I am yours, 

Jessik Lkone Davis. 
Los Angeles, Cal., Sept. 13, '98. 


Yet another vacation is past and gone and a new year opens 
before us. A new year in which to prove our loyalty to the scarlet 
and olive, the standard colors of our fraternity. How many times have 
we looked back and heaved sighs of regret at the neglected oppor- 
tunity. How many times have we longed for a chance to try again. 
Now that longed for chance stares us in the face, and shall we not 
take advantage of it? Shall we not all universally work closer to 
gether in the bond for the interest of Alpha CUi, and each individu- 
ally for that of her own chapter? It seems a difficult task, does it 


The Lyre. 25 

not. but so easy if we only go at it with a determined will and in the 
right and true waj-. 

The coining convention is naturally our principal topic as we 
meet together again. That it shall be a success, we have resolved, 
and it is self-evident that all are agreed fn the common interest that 
is before us. 

Zeta will begin with a small number of active members, so will 
have to work with a greater zeal than has been her custom in pre- 
ceding years. Yet we are sure that our sister chapters have similar 
experiences each year. 

This is the thirteenth year since our fraternity was founded, and 
why .should we not put to flight all superstition and make it the 
most prosperous and successful? That we may all strive for the 
very highest in this end is the earnest wish of Zeta as she sends 
greetings at this the beginning of a new year. 

E. H. Manchester. 


As a rule babies make considerable noise; they prattle a little 
but are never supposed to say anything very wivSe. The Alpha Chi 
baby I presume will be an exception to the general rule. The Eta 
chapter is a strong, vigorous, healthy infant and like all such will 
no doubt make some noise. When a queen is born the bands of 
niusic play, the bells ring, the people turn out in holiday attire; 
^hen Eta chapter was born all this occurred, for she was born dur- 
ing the commencement season of the university. Mildred Rutledge, of the Alpha chapter introduced us to 
^he mysteries of Alpha Chi Omega, and no one could have perfonned 
^hat duty more acceptably; her strength and kindness gave the girls 
^ most favorable impression of the fraternity. The initiates however 
^t-e sorry that they were so pressed with the duties incident to a 
College commencement that they did not find the time to fully enjoy 
^^er visit. We know that in this particular we missed much in the 
^^ay of valuable advice out of her full experience. 

We have had two delightful letters from our sister chapters — 


26 The Lyre. 

from Delta and from Zeta. The girls appreciated this very much. 

The outlook for our future is altogether favorable. Our faculty 
of music is in sympathy with fraternities: the director, Professor 
Aviragnet, has written two new songs for the Pi Beta Phi song book; 
Miss Crawford, our teacher of vocal music, is herself a member of 
Alpha Phi: and we feel sure of the sympathy of Miss Aikin and 
the other teachers. Miss Aikin, our teacher of piano, has had 
charge of the work in French at the Pennsylvania Chatauqua 
this summer. 

The university has a rule which will probably interfere with the 
rapid growth of Eta chapter, no doubt in the end this rule will help 
all the fraternities. No student here may become a member of a 
Greek letter socity until she has com'pleted one year of her course of 
study. The rule will handicap us in the start but we are anxious for 
the opening of the year to make an attempt at chapter work. Of 
course fraternity endeavor will be wholly new to us but we shall do 
our best to deserve success. Beixe Bartol. 




Alpha, DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana. 

Beta, Albion College, Albion, Michigan. 

Gamma, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. 

Delta, . . . Pennsylvania College of Music, Meadville, Pennsylvania. 
Epsilon, . University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. 

Zeta, New England Conservatory, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Eta, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. 

Theta, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 




President, Raeburn Cowger, Alpha. 

Vice President Winifred Bartholomew, Theta. 

Secretary Ethel Eggleston, Zeta. 

Treasurer Gertrude Ogden, Delta. 


Alpha, Elmena Lank 

Beta, Lina Baum, 211 E. Erie St. 

Gamma, . . . Grace E. Richardson, 106 Buena Ave., Buena Park, 111. 

Delta, L. Fay Barnaby, North Park Ave. 

Epsilon, Jessie Leone Davis, 2904 Vermont Ave. 

Zeta, Lucy G. Andrews, New England Conservatory. 

Eta, Belle Bartol. 

Theta, Alberta Daniels. 


Fannie Bloomfield-Zeisler, 

568 East Division Street, 

Chicago, Illinois, 

niss Neally Stevens, 

Concert Pianist. 

Alameda County, 
Residence, 5an Lorenzo. 


Maud Powell, 


40 West Twentieth Street, 

New York City. 

riarie Decca, 

Prima Donna, 

Opera, Oratorio, Concert, Etc. 

Address, Care the Musical Courier, New York. 



alphi Chi Omega 

VOL. III. DECEMBER, 1898. NO. 4 


[Chopin. Opus 87, No. 1.] 

As a proper preamble let the reader learn all he can of the actual 
character of this composer, as an individual. Let him dispose of his 
own glaring, aggressive personality as far as possible, and for the time 
being let the emotions be in a state of receptivity. 

In some such way only can we of grosser and more world-hardened 
natures comprehend, even in a small measure, the wonderful vibrations 
upon this human soul which produced the varied musical conceptions 
of Chopin. Like the harp of an angel, who passing, suffers it to be 
caressed by some soft southern breeze, which kisses its trembling 
strings into melody ; or, shaken and cowering 'neath the rush of the 
storm it wails an almost breathless song which wrings the responsive 
heart of the listener, so does his peculiar personality characterize every 

Chopin, now an invalid, worn and wasted by consumption, is ending 
a weary existence upon an island of the south. Through a supersti- 
tion of the natives, who believed that the disease was contagious, 
Chopin is compelled to take up his residence, with a party of friends 
who accompany him — George Sand among them — in an old, deserted 
monastery. Wearied with the dreariness of the house and longing, 


The I/yre. 

perhaps, for a few hours from the atmosphere of invalidism, the entire 
party had gone for a sail upon the lake, leaving Chopin alone. 

The day is cheerleas. A gray, unbroken sky closes all the doors of 
heaven and our poet-musician wanders restlessly to and fro, now gazing 
with an intensity born of longing for a possible glimpse of the return- 
ing party, and then, disappointed, he stands and listens to the throb of 
the surf on the shore. Its minor cadence forms an unconscious accom- 
paniment to his own sad thoughts. Hear the far away rush of the 
water, amorous for the pebbly beach! Again it recedes, coming nearer 
its object of affection, and again it gathers renewed energy for the final 
leap to the waiting shore. [Bass clef, measure 1, 2, 3.] 

"How like my own life," he muses. 

To the music of the waters, which wail with unappeased longing, he 
sits and dreams as the day grows long, of the last beautiful flower of 
Hope which lies withering upon his sad breast. [Treble clef, 1, 2, 3, 
4, meas.] 

He sighs as he thinks of unfulfilled longings, of dreams of happiness 
which would never be realized, and of the many tender buds of hope 
which never reached fruition. [Bass and treble, meas. 17.] 

He questions his spirit for the reason, but there is no reply save a 
greater on-rush of ecstatically sad emotion — and the impassioned surf 
faints on the breast of the shore. [Treble clef, meas. 9, 10, 11, 12, 

He turns away almost stupefied with excessive self-communion and 
enters again the bare, cheerless rooms. As he sinks into an old chair 
he sits half dreaming, and faintly, like the sighing of a lonely mid- 
night zephyr, he hears the chanting of priests! [Bass and treble, 1, 2, 
3 of Choral.] 

Nearer, slowly nearer, [Meas. bass and treble, 10, 11] the grand old 
harmonies teach the echoes the refrain, and then, out from the nave 
comes a wonderful procession of monks of the long dead past — and his 
heart is stilled with amazement. 

Steadily, yet with solemn, noiseless tread, they move slowly past 
him, ghostly voices chanting still the hymn of long ago. [Meas. 
15, 16.] 

How passive they are! What strangely minor cadences fall from 


The I/yre. 5 

those pale, dead lips! Did they beckon him? [Meas. 21, 22.] Are 
they gone? [Meas. 23.] 

Ah! they turn and send the last farewell tremblingly through the 
deathly silence, and then vanish! [Meas. 24.] A long shudder of 
anguish shakes the very soul of this dreaming man, and he recovers 
himself with a start, [Meas. 26] but only to resume his sad com- 

He seeks the outer air — ^the atmosphere of the monastery stifles him 
and as he reaches the door he notes with joy that the sun has parted 
the heavy curtains of gray and has painted the sky with crimson fire! 
[Meas. 46.] 

Across the water a broad path of rosy light is flung and his joy is 
complete, his late griefs fashion the annals of the Past, as he sees his 
friends returning through the tender shadows of the fair young night. 
[Meas. 50, 61.] 

Pearl Whitcomb-Henry, 

Representative of the Derthick Federation of Musical-Literary Clubs. 

Great singers of the past! whose song 

Still streams down earthward pure and strong. 

— "Songs of Two Worlds." 

The hallowed melody of magic song 
Does to creation as a link belong; 
Blending its music with God's harmony, 
As rivers melt into the mighty sea. 

— Schiller. 

It is music's lofty mission to shed light on the depths of the human 
heart. — Schumann. 

As the true poem is the poet's mind, so true expression is the artist's 
Boul. — Tapper. 


6 The Lyre. 


** When rosemary and bays, the poet's crown, 
Are bawred in frequent cries through all the town ; 
Then judge the festival of Christmas near. 
Christmas, the joyous period of the year ! 
Now with bright holly all the temples strow, 
With laurel green, and sacred mistletoe.'' 

As the yule-tide rolls in, the old decorations of ivy and holly, with 
the occasional mistletoe, are as beautiful as the first Christmas we re- 
member — and then the old songs — sweet as the mellow voices of cathe- 
dral bells. 

Long before the birth of our Lord, ivy was a feature of festival occa- 
sions. According to one, the original name of Bacchus Vas Kisses, the 
Greek word for ivy. It was under this vine his aunt Ino hid him from 
Juno, and Plutarch tells of priests avoiding passing the vine for fear of 
intoxication. This ancient association of the ivy with the wine-god 
made the early fathers of the church frown upon its use in the home 
and "meeting-house." 

'* At Christmas men do always ivy get, 
And in each corner of the house it set; 
But why do they then use that Bacchus weed? 
Because they mean, then, Bacchus -like to feed." 

Holly in its use was quite as Pagan as the ivy, but the word can so 
easily be changed to "holy" that it found favor with the devout of the 
early period of the church. Its red berries became symbolic of the blood 
shed on Calvary and the thorns suggested the crown which the King of 
Kings wore. 

There is a very old faith in the belief that elves and fairies like to 
join Christmas social festivities, so, to induce the good fairies to come 
in and abide awhile, wreathes and branches were finally used in inte- 
rior decorations. Bourne speaks of the custom of adorning the win- 
dows at this season as an old one. In southern countries particularly, 
laurel and bay decked the windows of college chapels, the laurel branch 
suggesting the ancient Roman's emblem of peace, joy and victory. 

The Christmas songs and hymns have a religious history of their own. 
In all the Christmas literature that appears annually, there is a strange 


The ]jyre. 

dearth of information concerning the Christmas carol. K you were to 
ask a dozen different persons to tell you something of the carol, or re- 
peat one, the response would be about as satisfactory as the definition 
of a sonnet from one who knew not that form of verse. 

The word carol, to quote Bourne, comes from cantre, to sing, and roUiy 
an interjection of joy — we have then a song of joy. Bishop Taylor 
thought the earliest Christmas carol was the hymn sung by the angels 
to the shepherds at our Lord's nativity. Whether this was the first 
carol or not, it is doubtless the most familiar one in all Christendom to- 
day. The records of other carols seem to date from the thirteenth cen- 
tury down. The chorus of one of Anglo-Norman origin runs: 

" Hail, Father Christmas ! hail to thee 1 
Honor'd ever shalt thou be ! 
All the sweets that Love bestows, 
Endless pleasures wait on those 
Who like vassals brave and true, 
Give to Christmas homage due." 

Warton tells of a set of Christmas carols printed in 1521. These 
were festal songs which served to increase the merriment of the celebra- 
tion. The religious element was eliminated, and their modern substi- 
tutes came only after the Puritan found no joy in mirth not tempered 
with piety. In the old days the first Christmas dish was the boar's 
head soused. It was carried to the principal table of the great hall with 
stately ceremony, an accompaniment of which was: 

"Be gladde, lordes, both more and lasse, 
For this hath ordained our stewarde 
To chere you all this Christmasse 
The Boar's Head with mustarde.'' 

In Poor Robin's Almanack, 1695, is caught another glimpse of merrie 
Old England :— 

'Now ihrioe welcome, Christmas, which brings us good cheer. 
Minced pies and plum-porrige, good ale and strong beer ; 
With pig, goose, and capon, the best that may be, 
So well doth the weather and our stomachs agree. 
Observe how the chimneys do smoke all about, 
The cooks are providing for dinner no doubt 
But those on whose tables no victuals appear 



8 The Lyre. 

may they keep Lent all the rest of the year ! 
With holly and ivy so green and so gay ; 
\We deck up our houses as fresh as the day 
With bays and rosemary, and lawrel compleat, 
And every one now is a king in conceit." 

Mary L. E. Jones, 
Terre Haute, Ind. 

Nothing that is great is easy. — Ruskin. 

" Do not get hold of the notion that your teacher finds fault with you 
for the mere sake of fault-finding." 

"The love of the beautiful, next to the spiritual perception of God 
and eternal relationships, must be admitted to be man's crowning dis- 

That composer is greatest who most clearly discerns the true ends and 
capabilities of his art ; who aims to give worthy expression to the noblest 
emotional experience. — Filmore. 

Playing before others has the great advantage that it compels us to 
study with unusual zeal. The idea that we must play before an audi- 
ence spurs us on to a much greater measure of diligence than if we play 
only to ourselves or to four lifeless walls. — Carl Czerny. 

Be sure the works of mighty men, 

The good, the faithful, the sublime. 

Stored in the gallery of Time, 
Repose awhile — to wake again. — Goethe. 

" The true artist is always the severest critic of himself. He will be 
indifferent to praise if he feels that it is not deserved. On the other 
hand no blame or censure will affect him if he knows that he has done 
his duty." 


The Jjyre. 9 


* [Read before the Pexmiylvania College of Muaic, Meadville, Penna.] 

The precise origin of the Lyre, one of the most ancient of musical 
instruments, is very obscure, unless the idvention is to be assigned to 
Jubal, "the father of all that handle the Harp" and the Organ. The 
lyre is undoubtedly of Asiatic origin, was imported into Egypt and 
thence into Greece. It is a stringed instrument of a size to be held by 
one hand against the shoulder, while the other hand pulls or plucks 
the strings. It has no neck or frets, consequently the pitch of the 
strings cannot be altered in playing, as with the "Kithara" or guitar 
genus. The lyre may, in fact, be regarded as the prototype of the 
harp, and secondary to the harpsichord. Some of you may know the 
old traditions of the Greeks attributing the invention of the lyre to 
Mercury. Originally the Greek lyre had but four strings; these were 
increased by Terpander to seven, while later musicians extended the 
number to 8, 10, 15, and even 16 strings. 

The Harp, which stands next in relation to the lyre, is one of the 
most ancient and universal of stringed instruments, and generally pos- 
sessed a greater number of strings and consequently a larger compass 
than the lyre. The shape of the modem harp is much the same as that 
of the Egyptian and Assyrian harp depicted on the ancient monu- 
ments. The further we go back, however, the more bow-like in shape 
we find these instruments, so that there is good reason to believe that 
the first idea of the harp was derived from the bow of the archer, the 
twang of the tightened string when picked giving forth a more or less 
definite tone or note. In Wales the harp is still regarded as the national 
instrument, as it has been from the earliest times ; it is said, however, 
that the Irish harp is even more ancient; that, in fact, the Britons ac- 
quired it from the Irish Celts. 

The harp was tuned in various ways, sometimes with a double row 
of strings, proceeding by semi-tones. Tuned in this way it was called 
double harp, or ''arpa doppia," and agiin it was even tuned with three 
rows of strings. This instrument was called the triple harp. The 
harp has long been recognized by composers as a valuable instrument 
iii the orchestra. The usual compass of this instrument was nearly six 
octaves, its normal scale being that of E fiat. 


10 Ths I/yre. 

The Lute, now obsolete, may be regarded as the most important of 
the many varieties of the "Kithara" genus. The period of the inven- 
tion of the lute is still a matter of speculation; some say that it is of 
Asiatic origin. Dante (who died in 1321) alludes to it in a manner 
which proves that it was a well known instrument in his time. It was 
an instrument that had strings stretched over a resonant body and a 
long fretted neck and was played by twanging or snapping the strings 
with the fingers. The strings were usually of cat-gut, arranged in pairs 
of unison, and divided into two groups, one of which lay over the fin- 
ger board so as to be stopped upon the frets, while the other lay beside 
the finger board so as to be played'unstopped for the bass. The usual 
number of the strings was six, the five largest being doubled. Many of 
the later improvements had as many aa 24 strings. The lute was tuned 
bass G, C, F, A, and D, G. The tone of the lute was sweet, but light 
and incapable of much variation. Music for the lute was written in a 
peculiar kind of notation called "tablature," consisting of letters and 
other signs upon a six-lined stafi. 

The family of stringed instruments played with a bow has been a 
numerous one. The most ancient viol on record appears to be the 
ravenstrom, still played in India by the mendicant monks of Buddha. 
Tradition says that this primitive instrument was invented by one of 
the kings of Ceylon, but as the date assigned to this monarch is some- 
where about 5,000 before Christ the tradition is worth very little. It is 
said that the ravenstrom led to what is known as the Russian fiddle 
and the Welsh crwth, which had six strings strung across a flat bridge, 
and was played partly with the bow and partly by plucking with the 
fingers. Another ancient variety is the Urh-heen of the Chinese, which 
consists of a mallet-shaped box, into which a stick or tube is fixed? 
with three or four strings strung from pegs at one end of the stick and 
passing over a bridge fixed upon the mallet-like box. Similar were the 
Trumpet-marine and Rebab, one-stringed fiddles, and the Rebec, an 
eight-stringed instrument. 

The " Chest of Viols" has been described by an old writer as "a large 
hutch with several apartments and partitions in it, each lined with 
green baize. Every instrument was sized according to the part played 
upon it, the treble being the smallest, etc." A model chest of viols 


The JLyre. 11 

contained six instruments, two trebles, two tenors, and two basses. 
From this "Chest of Viols" we get the violoncello and later the violin, 
but these instruments belong to a much later period than the twelfth or 
thirteenth century, so we will not speak of them to-day. 

Among wind instruments probably the most ancient is the Flute, of 
which there have been many varieties. The word "flute" is supposed 
to have been derived from fluta, a lamprey, or small eel, which has on 
its side seven marks or holes corresponding to those of the instrument. 
The flute was exceedingly popular with both the Greeks and the Ro- 
mans, who introduced flute playing into their religious ceremonies and 
on almost every public occasion — in fact, even at their funerals. 

The Organ was the most comprehensive of all instruments. An organ 
of ten pipes, with a keyboard, is alleged to have existed in the second 
century, but we know nothing definite of the nature of this instru- 
ment. It is, however, an historical fact that an organ, the gift of Con- 
^tantine, was in the possession of King Pepin of France, in the year 
757 A. D. Still earlier, Aldhelm, a monk, makes mention of an organ 
with "gilt pipes," though he gives no clue to the size of the instrument. 
In the eighteenth century an organ having 400 pipes is mentioned by 
Wolstan. The organ was played with keys, and was blown by thirteen 
separate pairs of bellows. Drawings of this period still extant repre- 
sent the organ as an instrument having but few pipes, blown with 
evident labor by two or more persons, and played by a monk. The 
keys of these organs were of wood, of from three to six inches in 
breadth, and requiring to be played upon by hard blows of the fist. So 
it is plain to see that these instruments were not capable of yielding 
more than the plain song or melody of ancient church music. The 
invention of the organ pedal is attributed to Earnhardt about 1490, and 
:the compass was an octave from B flat or A. 

Helen Edsall. 


IJ The I/yre. 



The beautiful location of Bucknell University, together with the loyal 
regard in which she is held by her Alumni, is well expressed in the 
opening stanza of one of her songs, — 

** Throned upon thy storied hilltop, 
Grazing toward the morniDg star, 
Wave and woodland, vale and mountain. 

Smiling on thee from afar, 
Fair Bucknell, to-day we bring thee. 
Where thy spreading oaks entwine, 

' Hearts of ours and songs of morning,' 
Alma Mater, sacred shrine ! '' 

Standing upon the broad walks fronting the main collie building, 
this beautiful November evening, we look from her green hilltop over 
the famous BuflFalo valley, — like a picture attracting our gaze. For 
miles the eye follows the windings of the shining Susquehanna river 
among rich farms and occasional patches of woodland. At the left of 
our view, just at the foot of the hill on which we stand, nestles amid 
luxuriant shade trees the quiet old town of Lewisburg; while in the 
distance appear the spires of Milton, our neighboring town, just four 
miles away. On our right, two miles distant across the river, rise for a 
thousand feet from level fields, the plumed crests of Montour mountain. 

At the foot of college hill are the athletic grounds, well graded for 
field sports. Here is the base-ball diamond, the foot-ball field and the 
tennis courts. Surrounding these is a fine cinder track for racing events. 
And, this evening while we look down from our elevated point of view, 
we may see the foot-ball teams engage in their evening practice. Among 
interested spectators of their play we observe a number of college pro- 
fessors, the president, judge of the county courts, several of our city 
preachers, with here and there groups of ladies not less interested than 
their masculine friends. 

At the right of the athletic grounds stands the gymnasium. It ha& 
a fine running track and a first-class floor for basket-ball. Thus equipped 
for athletics, Bucknell has proudly pushed her way to the front. And 
what student has she who cannot recount victory upon victory in field 


Z%e Ijyre. 

14 The I/yre. 

sports and track athletics; and who has never shouted himself hoarse 
on some triumphal occasion? 

Bucknell University had its beginnings some fifty years ago. For 
some years it struggled along as scarcely more than an academy. The 
first college class, seven young men, were graduated in 1851; to-day the 
senior classes will number one hundred, in four departments and in 
eight different courses of study. And the catalogue shows a roll of 
nearly 500 students. 

Bucknell was founded as a Baptist college for men only ; and remained 
such for about forty years. It was in 1883 that three young women 
presented themselves for examination and were admitted to the Fresh- 
man class. This was the beginning of co-education at Bucknell. Since 
then the woman side of the college has been the growing side, and there 
are at present in the literary courses more than fifty young women. 
Besides this, the University has established a ladies' department called 
the Institute; an annex arrangement whose courses of study are not so 
extended as those of the college, but are more largely taken. In this 
department there are about 100 ladies. 

The School of Music is the youngest department of the University 
and numbers about 100 students of both sexes, but mostly women. 

The Institute buildings are located in a fine old grove of native oaks. 
The grove is not dense, but very open, thus affording a shady place for 
tennis, basket-ball and other out-door sports. The Bucknell cottage for 
women is located near the Institute. The women of all departments 
have their rooms in these buildings, and are thus made to beevery-day 
companions, a phase in school life which makes it pleasant here in an 
exceptional degree. 

Cfreek letter societies have been coming into Bucknell recently with 
some considerable rapidity. Formerly such societies were wholly pro- 
hibited, though of course they secretly existed to some extent. Phi 
Kappa Psi is the oldest, founded in 1855. Sigma Chi has a chapter 
founded in 1854. Phi Gamma Delta established a chapter in 1882. 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon came in 1893. Pi Beta Phi in 1895. Theta Delta 
Tau, freshman, in 1895. Kappa Sigma in 1896 and Alpha Chi Omega 
in 1898. 

With the girls, local secret societies are very popular. The fact that 


The Ltrre, 

16 The JLyre. 

they have been here for a long time and have strong alumnce and num- 
ber among their members much of the best fraternity material here, 
being first in the field makes them formidable rivals of the fraternity. 
Moreover, being local, their expenses are not high, and this fact in itself 
proves to be an element of strength. Most prosperous of these local 
societies are Beta Delta Pi, Theta Delta Psi and Pi Phi sororities. 

The Bucknell faculty have published rules which make it difficult for 
a new fraternity to obtain a good standing in the schools. The rule 
permits no one to be initiated or even pledged to a Greek letter frater- 
nity during his first year in school. The rule has been in force only 
since last spring and the practical results of its working are not yet 
wholly apparent. But it is evident that it is seriously in the way of 
the establishment and growth of new chapters. 

Belle Bartol. 


A young American violinist. Miss Maud Powell, made a remarkably 
successful first appearance in England yesterday afternoon in the small 
Queen's Hall, when she revealed true artistic qualities in Rust's D 
minor sonata and in three movements from Bach's sonata in E major. 
She has beautiful tone and perfect command of technical resources, her 
playing of Bazzini's "Ronde des Lutins" and of Wieniawski's "Faust 
Fantasia" being extremely brilliant and her execution faultless. Mr. 
Ernest Sharpe sang, and Mr. Bird accompanied. 

Fuller Maitland in London Times. 

** Consider it, 
(This outer world we tread on) as a harp, 
A gracious instrument on whose fair strings 
We learn those airs we we shall be set to play 
When mortal hours are ended." 


The I/yre. 17 


A succession or combination of sounds arranged with such connec- 
tion and mutual relation as to express to the ear some distinct form as 
train of thought, and awaken certain corresponding emotions. Sounds 
when thus regulated effect the mind through the ear, as painting and 
sculpture under similar conditions affect it through the eye. The 
latter however deal with tangible objects, or with ideas formed from 
material types and their attributes, while the agency of music is limited 
to certain relations existing between sounds, variously ordered and 
combined, and the inward springs of emotion. In all time past, and 
even among the rudest tribes and nations, we find traces of efiort to 
make both the eye and the ear subservient to the stirring up of 
pleasurable or other feelings. To some such impulse it is most natural 
to refer not only the production of the rough drawings, chisellings, and 
carvings often found among tribes and nations of barbarians but also 
the varied and persevering attempts of the same untutored ones to find 
gratification for the ear amid the din and clang of their imperfect 
musical instruments. The results in both cases could not be other- 
wise than strange in their conception and often marvelous in their 
ugliness. From this state of primitive rudeness the progress of the 
finer arts to higher stages of cultivation was not equally rapid. All 
historical records, and the still existing monuments and relics of an- 
tiquity, bear evidence that both, painting and sculpture gradually rose 
to perfection, while music still remained a subject of dark and confused 
speculation. For long ages and even through the most brilliant periods 
of our civilization, and intellectual splendor, it was the fate of music, 
to be an enigma, defying all solution, and we read of no master minds 
springing up to reveal its long hidden beauties or to discover and 
systematize its real principles till near the close of the middle ages. 
The music of the present day, both as a science and an art, is there- 
fore, a growth of the last 3 or 4 centuries, and (with a rapidity equalled 
only by the rise and advance of Gothic Areli) it has already reached so 
high a state of development as seemingly to leave little room for 
further discovery, either in its scientific, creative, or practical and 
mechanical departments, Helen Edsall. 


18 The I/yre. 




Pablished quarterly by Alpha Chapter, Banner office, Greencastle, Ind. 

Subscription, 75 cents per year. Single copies, 20 cents. 

ADVERTISING RATES.— FuU page, $10.00; half page, fft.OO; quarter page, fS.OO. "Wi 

All material for the next number must be in bv February 28. 

Mary Janet Wilson, Editor-in- Chi^. 

Ruth Vauoht, Associate Editor (Alpha). Bertha Pearl Shaw, Exchange Editor (Alpha). 

Kate L. Calkins, Associate Editor (Beta). Helen Hanna Birch, Alumnae Editor (Alpha). 

Mildred Rutledge, Subscription Agent and Treasurer. 



The Lyre has again to apologize for a tardy appearance. Passing 
over trivial difficulties, the removal of our publisher to a distant state 
made it it necessary for us to make other arrangements. When the 
copy was ready an unexpected delay was caused by the impossibility of 
having the work done as we had planned. We were obliged to have 
other bids and we hope to have no further trouble. We owe a double 
apology to the chapters that had their coi)y in on time and properly pre- 
pared for the printer. 

Programs of recitals given ])y Alpha Chis in the various schools should 
be sent in each time and will appear when there is space for them. 

One request we make of every reader of this number. Please write 
at once aad send money for subscription for 1899. If you wait until 
to-morrow it may be delayed indefinitely. 


The Lyre. 19 

We have been unable to secure a report of the convention. This will 
be a great disappointment to many readers, but we will try to have a 
report prepared for the March number. 

It is of the greatest importance that subscriptions for 1899 should 
come in early. As many advertisements as possible should be secured. 
I^t us not wait until mid-summer to stir up this matter. 

Eta Chapter has sent us an interesting article for this number. We 
hope to continue this series, "Homes of Our Chapters," and ask each 
chapter to arrange for a similar letter. They will be published in order 

If any subscriber receives a number of the The Lyre imperfectly 
bound please report and a correct copy will be sent. We regret that a 
few defective copies were sent out from the office, but hope it will not 
occur again. 

The Lyre heartily welcomes Theta Chapter among its readers. We 
feel that seed has been planted in good soil and will look for a flourish- 
ing plant. We regret that a letter has not been sent but the sisters may 
look for one in the next issue. 

Associate editors should remember that the next number will contain 
full list of members of the fraternity. Please send in list of all new 
members since last March, with home address. Send also corrections to 
be made on list previously published. All should be distinctly written. 

The action of the late convention in providing a board of associates 
for Lyre work is of great value in securing better results in the future. 
It was the understanding that the names were to be sent in at once, but 
they have been looked for in vain. We hope a complete list can be pub- 
lished in next issue. 


20 The Lyre. 

Complaint has been made that some subscribers fail to receive The 
Lyre. This is probably due to carelessness on the part of postoffice 
officials. In case of such delinquency inquiry should be made at the 
local postoffice and then report to the editor. We will endeaver to 
make good such losses and investigate the cause. 

The article by Mrs. Henry which appears in this issue is the first of 
a series which she has kindly consented to write for us. Mrs. Henry is 
a talented musician and gifted writer. Her articles will be a great at- 
traction and invaluable to our readers. We hope a great many new 
subscribers will be added to our list, as this series should be of interest 
to all musicians. 

We regret that some very annoying mistakes crept into the last two 
issues. They were, of course, unpardonable, yet if the circumstances 
connected with the publishing were known the editor would not have 
been so severely censured. The work is now in the hands of competent 
workmen, and we hope there will be fewer errors. The salary is not 
sufficient to make it possible for one to give up every other occupation 
and devote himself entirely to the enterprise. The work must be 
added to other duties and often requires a sacrifice of personal interests 
for the general good. One who thus sacrifices time and talent (?) for 
the good of an enterprise must not expect a very general or hearty ap- 
preciation of his services. His reward must be in knowing that he 
executed the work laid upon him as well as he could under the circum- 
stances. The Lyre is now established as a regular periodical and by 
united effort may be brought to the standard which we all desire. It 
will, however, take united effort, and the representatives chosen by the 
board of publication must be faithful to their trust. 


The I/yre. 21 


The eighth annual convention of Alpha Chi Omega was held here 
December 1 to 4. The sessions were conducted in the pretty chapter 
home of Beta, the local chapter. 

Alpha Chi Omega is a musical fraternity which was founded at De- 
Pauw University in 1885. Since that time eight chaptejs have been 
established and are represented at the convention as follows: Alpha, 
DePauw University, by Misses Cowger and Shaw; Gamma, North 
western University, Misses Lillyblade, Richardson, Chaffee, Beulah 
Hough ; Delta, Alleghany College, by Miss Barnaby ; Epsilon, University 
of Southern California, by Miss Chamblin; Zeta, New England Con- 
servatory, by Miss Johnson; Theta, University of Michigan, by Miss 
Bartholomew, Beta, the entertaining chapter, was represented by fifteen 
axjtive members and several Alumnae. 

The national officers are: President, Miss Janet Wilson, Greencastle, 
Ind.; Secretary, Miss Lina Baum, Albion, Mich.; treasurer. Miss Gert- 
rude Ogden, Meadville Pa. 

Among their honorary members are numbered many famous musi- 
cians, among whom are: Miss Maud Powell, violinist; Neally Stevens, 
pianist; Fanny Bloomfield Zeisler, pianist; Marie Decca, vocalist; and 
Ellen Beach Yaw, vocalist. The local chapter has recently made Mrs. 
Otto Sand and Miss Myrtle White honorary members. 

Business sessions were held Thursday, Friday and Saturday both 
morning and afternoon, while the evenings were given to social and 
musical functions. 

Thursday evening a reception was held at the residence of Mr M. H. 
Baum, Erie street. About 400 invitations were issued to town and 
college people. The pleasant rooms were bowers of palms and ferns ; 
scarlet carnations and smilax were used in an exquisite floral design 
representing a Greek lyre after which the badge of the fraternity is 
modeled. Concealed in one of the bowers was the orchestra whose 
music blended harmoniously with the pleasure of the occasion. Dainty 
refreshments were served. 

Friday afternoon after the business session the convention was de- 

*Thi8 tardy report arrived in time for insertion in this Issue. 


22 The Jjyre. 

lightfuUy received by Zeta of Delta Gamma at their lodge on East 
Cass street. 

Friday evening was given an exceptionally fine musicale with the 
following program : 

Bohemian Gypsy Music Mohr 

Mrs. Colby, Misses Hoag, Gunnels, Shearer, Smith, M. Dickie, C. Dickie, Disbrow and Calkins. 

2 a Improvisation,^ 

b Poem, V . . . . McDowell 

c Eagle, J 

Miss Bamaby, Delta. 

8 Reading 

Miss Lillyblade, Gamma. 

4 Polonaise in A major (Violin) Hans Sitt 

Miss Johnson, Zeta. 

. a He Loves Me, ) r^-^«i«w 

^ b Before the Dawn. / Chadwick 

Miss Kate Calkins, Beta. 

6 Romanze for Violin < Svendsen 

Miss Cowger, Alpha. 

7 Polonaise . Paderewskl 

Miss Fisk, Theta. 

Saturday morning the convention was photographed and in the 
afternoon, from 3 to 5 o'clock, a Russian Tea was given in honor of the 
guests by Pi of Kappa Alpha Theta. 

Many other courtesies were shown by friends of Beta. The conven- 
tion closed Saturday evening with an elaborate banquet served at the 
chapter lodge under the direction of Miss Saxton, at the completion of 
which Miss Fannie Dissette, as toastmistress, called for the following 
toasts: Miss Dickie responding to "The Alpha Chi Nursery" in Miss 
BartoFs absence. 

The Swing of the Pendulum Miss Shaw, Alpha 

" Yesterday is as tomorrow in the forever." 

What We'd Like to Know j Miss Mabel Foster, Beta 

" Oh, wouldn't you like to know?" 

Snap Shots Miss Johnson, Zeta 

" My attempt is to tell the truth, and tell it not unkindly." 

The Way of a Man Miss Lillyblade, Gamma 

" They say best men are molded out of faults." 

In the " Land of Fruit and Vine " Miss Chamblin, Epsilon 

" There is a land of pure delight." 

The Alpha Chi Nursery Miss Bartol. Eta 

" Gem of our heart, our household joy and pride." 

When Billy Meets the •• Barb " . Miss Bamaby, Delta 

"Oh, then give pity ! " 

The Tie that Binds Miss Bartholomew, Theta 

" Are we not formed, as notes of music are. 
For one another, though dissimilar'" 


The Lyre. 23 

The enthusiasm which marked the convention was shown by the 
ardent manner with which the fraternity songs were sung. So happy 
was the evening that eleven O'clock came too soon and it was with sor- 
row that the girls realized that the '98 convention was at an end. Each 
girl went away feeling that she had gained a new inspiration and a 
deeper and truer love for the bonds of Alpha Chi Omega. 

— Albion College Pleiad, 

Great art is nothing else than the type of a strong and noble life. — 


Music resembles poetry ; in each 

Are nameless graces which no methods teach, 

And which a master hand alone can reach. — Pope. 

Fine Art is that in which the hand, the head and the heart of man 
go together. — Ruskin. 

"Art is wide; there is room for all that are true to her, for all that 
serve her, not themseLvesy 

Yea, music is the Prophet's art, 
Among the gifts that God hath sent. 
One of the most magnificent. — Longfellow. 

"You should no more play without phrasing than speak without in- 
flection and grammatical pauses." 

Art springs in its earliest beginnings from religion, and returns to it 
in its highest development. — Ambrose. 

As the excellence of a picture depends on design, coloring and ex- 
pression, so in music the perfection of a composition arises from viclody, 
harmony and expression, — Avison. 


24 The Ijyre. 



Ida Steele teaches in the Greenfield High School. 

Hona Davis is continuing her work at her home in Bourbon. 

Daisy Estep will continue her work the second term after a year s 

Claudia Hill was the guest of Pearl Shaw for several weeks in 

Mayme Jennings has been quite ill this winter. Her health is now 

Carrie Little is teaching school this year but may be in for the 
spring term. 

Edith Plested is taking a special course in Physical Culture at Le- 
land Stanford. 

Mabelle Forshee has injured her eyes by over work and will not be 
in school this year. 

Ruth Vaught no^^ wears the Lyre. She is devoting all her time to 
her Senior work in the Music school. 

Mrs. Ella Best Thompson has removed to London, England, her 
husband having a good position offered him for professional work. 

Lulu Parkhurst of last vear's Junior class has been elected teacher 
of pianoforte in the music school recently established at Bourbon, 

Raeburn Cowger and Pearl Shaw represented Alpha at the conven- 
tion. Helen Birch, in whose place Miss Shaw went as alternate, was 
unable to attend on account of the serious illness of her father. 

Miss Gertrude Wamsley of Nokomis, 111.; Miss Maude Meserve of 
Robinson, 111.; Miss Louie Rush of Warren, Ind.; Miss Mae Headly of 
Pendleton, Ind.; Miss Lydia Hammerly of Marshall, 111., were pledged 
last September. 


The I/yre. 25 


Miss Ada Dickie will visit in Detroit New Year. 

Miss Ethel Calkins will spend the Christmas vacation with friends in 

Miss Kittie Eggleston is violin soloist in the Schumann Concert Co. 
this season. 

Misses Clarissa and Mamie Dickie attended Grand Opera in Chicago 
during November. 

Miss Grace Brown is spending the winter in Missouri in the hope of 
regaining her health. 

Mrs. Otto Sand now wears the lyre as an honorary member to Beta 
Chapter. She is an excellent pianist and instructor. 

Miss Lucie McMaster of Luddington stopped in Albion on her way 
from Chicago where she has been studying piano with Kelso. 

Miss Maude Armstrong of Detroit spent Thanksgiving with Beta 
girls. Two spreads were given in her honor, at the homes of the Misses 
Baum and Miss Susie Perine. 

Miss Alida Handy, W. Bay City, Miss Cora Harrington, Jackson, 
Mrs. Janette Allen Cushman, of Vincennes, Ind., Mrs. Blanche Bryant 
Dunbar, Parma and Miss Jessie Cushman, Three Rivers attended the 


Miss Jane Hough of Jackson, Mich., visited her Alpha Chi sisters in 

Miss Blanche Hughes spent the first week of November at Grand 
Rapids, Mich. 

Miss Alice Grannis of Mankato, Minn., is teaching elocution in Rau 
University, Waco, Texas. 

Miss Ethel Lillyblade spent the last week of November in Baraboo, 
Wis., visiting Miss Cornelia Porter. 


26 Tlie Lyre. 

Miss Margaret Kellogg is again at Glencoe, 111., after spending several 
months at her home in Leon, N. Y. 

Miss Lucie McMaster of Beta Chapter, who is studying piano in Chi- 
cago with Prof. Kelso, has been out to Evanston several times as the 
guest of Miss Mabel Siller. 

Miss Maude Wimmer of Perry, Iowa and Mr. Harvey Williams of 
Havanna, 111., were married October 12th, 1898 at the bride's home. 
They are living at the Avenue House, Evanston, 111. 

Miss El Fleda Coleman of Winona, Minn, and Mr. Wayman Jackson 
of Indian Territory were married September 21st, 1898 at the bride's 
home. They are now living in Muscogee, Indian T'y. 


Miss Elsie Ellis has been dangerously ill in Detroit, Mich. 

Miss Lucy Andrews spent Thanksgiving with her sister at Mt. Hol- 
yoke College. 

Miss Jessie Belle Wood has returned to school and is doing post 
graduate work. 

Miss Sade Farel is to be congratulated on her success with her pupils 
at her home in Titusville, Pa. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Bertha Buchanan of Marion, 
Ind. to Mr. Otis E. Little of Boston. 

Miss Lucy Andrews of Alpha Chapter is now aflBliated with Zeta. 
She is studying violin under Mr. Emil Mahr. 

Miss Eleanor Vass, who has been seriously ill with typhoid fever at 
her home in Raleigh, N. C, is now rapidly convalescing. 

Miss Belle Sigourney, after a short period of study in New York City, 
has resumed teaching at her studio in Waterbury, Conn. 

On the fourteenth of September at her home in Piainfield, N. J., Miss 
Violet Thatcher Truell was united in marriage to Mr. Robert Taylor 
Johnston of that city. They will reside in Piainfield. 


The Lyre. 27 

Miss Alice F. Parker '96 has resumed study at the school. She is to 
receive instruction from our well known vocal teacher, Mr. William 
Whitney, son of Myron Whitney the once famous singer. 


Ida List has been quite ill for several weeks, at present she is im- 

Amy Gilbert who graduated last year visited the Eta girls during 

Fannie Woods and Belle Bartol are hard at work preparing for the 
second senior examination. 

Jessie Steiner who graduated in last year's class remains at home for 
the present but will soon take up some advanced work in music. 

Every man is bound to cultivate his highest gifts. — Schumann. 

"One of the principal elements of genius is strength of will to con- 
trol the mind and command the mental energies." 

Lose no opportunity of playing music — duos, trios, etc., with others. 
This will make your playing broader and more flowing. — Schumann. 

When we speak of grace, enthusiasm, presence of mind, nobility and 
warmth of feeling, who does not think of Chopin? — Schumann. 

"There is no feeling, perhaps, except the extremes of fear and grief, 
that does not find relief in music, that does not make a man sing or 
play better." 

The worth of art appears most eminent in music, since it requires 
no material, no subject-matter whose effect must be deducted; it is 
wholly form and power, and it raises and ennobles whatever it ex- 
presses. — GrOETHE. 


28 Tlte Lyre. 



The holiday vacation with its round of pleasures is over, so quickly 
did the days glide by, and already the work of the new term opens and 
Alpha is beginning another Chapter in her history. As the enthusiastic 
students come rushing in on every train Alpha rejoices to see that all 
her members, with one exception, have returned. 

When the college year opened the chapter consisted of ten initiated 
members and three pledged ones, but when the spiking season closed 
six new girls had been added. One pipe organ and two piano recitals 
were given by our girls during the term, the programs appearing else- 
where in this issue. 

Raeburn Cowger and Pearl Shaw represented us in the convention 
held at Albion. On their return we held an open fraternity meeting 
where they entertained the rest of us who were not so fortunate as to be 
present at the convention with a vivid account of their trip. They 
dwelt in detail on the enjoyable social functions which Beta had provided 
and also the pleasure of meeting the delegates from our other chapters. 
This was followed by a report concerning the business transactions of 
the convention. The inspiration we received only increased our usual 
zeal for the success of Alpha Chi. She looks back to last term with 
delight from the fact that it was an exceptionally prosperous one. 

At the last meeting for the term, in accordance with a little custom 
of ours, we observed "Santa Claus," night. The old saint brought the 
gifts which each girl had contributed for the adornment of the frater- 
nity hall. Refreshments were then served and an amusing program 
was carried out to render the evening's entertainment complete. 

Maud Powell sends her greetings to Alpha Chi from London, where 
she is engaged in concert work. 

Alpha is looking forward to this term with highest expectations, and 
with sincere hearts we wish all the Alpha Chi's a happy and a prosper- 
ous New Year. 

Ruth Vaught. 


The I/i^re. 29 


Beta's cup has been so full of pleasure this term that she scarcely 
knows how to tell what its contents have been. Billy has been kept 
unusually busy — for it was only a few days ago that he was left to re- 
cuperate, that he may perform next term's duties with vigor. With 
the opening of the school year began our activity, for there was much 
good material and as many and more seekers for it. Beta won over to 
Alpha Chi five loyal and most companionable girls — Miss Louise Shel- 
don, of Eaton Rapids, Mich.; Miss Orpha Willis, Onondago, Mich.; 
Misses Dorothy Gunnels and Florence Hoag, of Toledo, Ohio, and Miss 
Mary Ferine, of Albion, making a strong active chapter of fourteen. 
Beside these, we are proud to claim as an honorary member Mrs. Otto 

Incident to the rushing season were the usual five o'clock teas and 
little evening affairs. During October we gave a tea in honor of Pro- 
fessor and Mrs. Sand, and Miss Blair, of the Art Department. After we 
had been well served from small tables temptingly laid and decorated 
with our ever dear carnation and smilax, we listened with eagerness to 
the tales of adventure in Siberia which Professor Sand told to us from 
his own experience. The Conservatory is attaining a high grade of work 
under his directorship, while his violin work ranks with that of artists. 

Beta girls hardly recognized their own sisters on Hallowe'en night, 
for there were characters in rank from those "of high degree" to un- 
conventional Rastus and Clotilde. Strange garb could not long cover 
the usual merriment which attends such good times, and it was amus- 
ing indeed when we unmasked at the tables. We did full justice to the 
dinner. Much ingenuity was displayed in the costuming. Ada Dickie 
painted a dainty water-color, which we gave for the cleverest attire. 

Since the first of November our minds have been full of plans for 
the convention. A happier " bevy of girls" than we, you could not 
find. We were so glad to greet all the sisters whom we so thoroughly 
enjoyed and only regret that we could not, as we would have loved to 
do, greet Eta's members. However, we shall hope soon to meet them 
and send very best wishes to our new chapters. 

On Thursday morning just as the convention was about to open a 
j>ackage came. It was from "Sister" White, of Chi Psi — a box of bon- 


30 The Lyre. 

bons with our own Greek letters worked out in a design detailed even 
to colors, and as delicious to the taste as delighting to the sight. The 
table decorations for the banquet were his gift, and to him and to Mr. 
R. Newman Miller we were indebted for the musicale programs. 

We feel an enthusiasm which is gratifying to us and we realize how 
very much the convention helped us, through suggestions and discuss- 
ions, to improve in work, and in culture and to grow. We wish we 
could entertain as many visitors every month. Some of the girls are 
already anticipating the convention of 1900; they send to each chapter 
love and sincerest wishes for a happy Christmas tide. 

Yours in the bond, 

Kate L. Calkins. 


Dear Sisters — This year, so far, has proved very successful for Gamma. 
We started with fourteen active members at the first of the year, and 
have since initiated four girls of whom we are very proud. They are 
Misses Katherine Scales, of Buena Park, 111.; Matie Vaughn, of Dead- 
wood, S. D., and Emma Hanson and Florence Childs, of Evanston. 

Several of our girls have already taken part in the students' recitals. 
Besides the students' recitals, several have been given by members of 
the faculty which have proved very interesting and instructive. 

We hope the convention will be a very successful one in every way. 
Miss Ethel Lillyblade is our delegate, and a few other girls expect to go 
as visitors. 

M'e have been glad to have Miss Lucie McMaster, of Beta Chapter, 
with us on several occasions, and we wish that any other Alpha Chis 
who may be in Chicago at any time would come out and see us, for they 
may be sure of a hearty welcome. Mabel Siller. 


Dear Alpha Ciii's — Our first term of the Pennsylvania College of 
Music has passed swiftly and satisfactorily by and the second term is 
under way. The number of students this year is large and the college 
seems in a fiourishing condition under Ilerr Heink's direction. 


The JLyre. 31 

We have been particularly favored in a musical way this autumn. 
Seidl's fine orchestra, under the able direction of Schmidt, was a delight 
to the musical people of Meadville. The Thanksgiving engagement, 
too, of Scalchi, assisted by Alberti, Canzio and Noldi, was a very inter- 
esting occasion, although Scalchi's formerly glorious voice shows the 
sign of years of use. Soldi's voice was very pleasing in its clearness 
and sweetness, and her manner is charming. 

Our fraternity season has been unique this year in one thing, at least. 
We have asked no one to join. We felt that our chapter was strong 
enough without adding new members, and though we hope to take in a 
few before the year is over, we are in no haste. We have enough girls 
to w^ork with, and our idea this year is to make more of fraternity 
meetings if possible than we have in the past. We have chosen a com- 
mittee to arrange a programme for each evening, taking up the study of 
the Symphony. Last Saturday we made a beginning, having two papers. 

The symphony selected for each meeting is to be played and an analy- 
sis of it read. Then, besides, there are to be vocal numbers and reports 
of current events, such as the Dreyfus case or some such topic of gen- 
eral interest. By these regular programmes we hope to make our even- 
ings profitable in the way of music and general information as well as 
in a fraternal way. 

In speaking of the musical events of this year I meant to make men- 
tion of one soon to take place in which we are particularly interested. 
It is the engagement at the Academy of Music on November the twen- 
ty-ninth of the June Reed Concert Comj)any, of which our Alpha Chi 
sister. Fern Pickard, of Jamestown, N. Y., is the pianist. We are hop- 
ing that this company will be most successful. It is new in its career, 
but the programmes which we have seen are most attractive. The com- 
pany consists of three talented girls, — Miss June Reed, violinist; Miss 
Jane Van Etten, vocalist, and Miss Fern Pickard, pianist. If the com- 
pany should have engagements at any of our fraternity centers I hope 
the Alpha Chis will be able to hear one of their programmes. 

Mar(;aret Bkowmn(; Bakber, 

For the Corresponding Secretary. 


32 Tlie I/yre. 


** Lightly move 
The minutes fledged with music." 

So wrote the poet laureate, and so think we who study the great emo- 
tional language, as some one has termed music. Already ten weeks or 
more have passed since we began the year's work and many things have 

First of all there came among us one whom we welcomed most heart- 
ily, Miss Lucy Andrews, of Alpha Chapter. She is a worthy member 
of Alpha Chi and we of Zeta consider ourselves fortunate in being able 
to have her with us. 

This fall we are congratulating ourselves on our good fortune in hav- 
ing six new members who are already proving themselves loyal to their 
colors. They are the Misses Laura Howe and Hettie Elliott, of Logan- 
sport, Indiana; Lora Lewis, of Owatona, Minnesota; Olga Branden- 
burg, of Boston, Massachusetts; Edith Prince, of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 
and Helen Barnard, of Kennet Square, Pennsylvania. Now our list of 
active members numbers seventeen and we are planning and looking 
forward to a happy and interesting winter. 

Zeta sends words of greeting to all the chapters and, before this ap- 
pears in press, will have communicated with them all through her del- 
egate to the Convention. 

E. H. Manchester. 


The I/yre. 33 


( Janior) by Miss Ruth Vanght, assisted by Miss Eva Osborn, Soprano. 

Miss Raebum Gowger, Violinisfte. 

Wednesday Evening, Oct. 6, 1898, 8 o'clock, Mosic Hall. 

Beethoren Op. 27 No. 1 

AndAnte, Allegro moto e ylTace. Adagio con ezprefltione, Allegro vlyace. Presto. 

Boflrini The Separation 

Miss Osbum. 

(a) Wagner-Liszt Splnnerlied 

(b) Chopin Npctume Op. 27, No. 2 

(c) Chopin Valse Op. 84, No. 1 

Hermann Petite Berceuse 

Miss Cowger. 

<=»-'°l»~'«'- • • { LjfgSln 

(Second Piano Miss Sawyers.) 
DePauw Uzoybbbitt, No. 726. 


(Junior) by Raebom Cowger, assisted by Miss Eva Opbom, Soprano. 

Miss Mollie Frank, (Violin.) 

Wednesday Evening, Dec. 14, 1898, at 8 o'clock. Music Hall. 


1. (a) Prelude (Suite Anglalse No. 8) Bach 

(b) Variations— F minor Haydn 

2. Vocal Solo— "Ave Maria" Gounod-Bach 

With Violin Obligato.) 
8. (a) Valse, Op. 118 Baif 

(b) Ballade— G minor Rheinberger 

(c) Etude de Concert (Spinning Wheel) . . . Chaminade 

4. Violin Solo. Introduction and Gavotte Charles Allen 

6. Duo— Nocturne. Op. W Carl Them 

(Second Piano, Miss Herr.) 
DePauw Umiykbsity, 780th Recital. 


34 The I/yre. 


Given by Misa Mary Janet Wilson, assisted by Miss Eva Osbum, Soprano. 

Miss Raebum Cowger, Violiniste. 

Presbyterian Church, Dec. 21, 1898, 8 o'clock. 


«-^i, ( Prelude and Fugue In G 

°^'^ ( Prelude and Fugue in g 

Handel LArgo 

Miss Cowger. 

Mendelssohn Sonata in D, Opus (ft 

Gounod-Bach— (Violin Obligato) Ave Maria 

Miss Osburn. 

Lemaigre Pastorale 

Flagler Gavotte 

Rubinstein— (arranged) Melody in F 

Lefcbure Wely Wedding March 

Herrmann Berceuse 

Miss Cowger. 

Mendelssohn March 

DePauw University, Recital No. 739. 


By Miss Cornelia Stanley Porter, Pianist, assisted by Master Earie 

Waterous, Violinist. 

At Music Hall, Orrington Avenue and University Place, Monday Afternoon, 

June 6, 1898, at 4 o'clock. 


Theme and Variation from Sonata, Op. 26 Beethoven 

Miss Porter. 

Cavatina Raft 

Master Waterous. 

Impromptus, oP- W), Nos. 8 and 2 Schubert 

Miss Porter. 

Romance St. Saens 

Master Waterous. 

ss-;iL'\^f^!,r' } ^''"p*" 

Polonaise, B Flat Major Mosskowaki 

Miss Porter. 
(Mason <& Hamlin Piano used.) 
Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. 
Student Series, No. 120. 


VOright Rax; 4, Go- 


Badge Makers 

to tlie 

Alplii Chi Omega. 





Badges sent 

to members 
of the 



• ••••••• 


l^etdgnm and JBtHinateg for invUaiiana and eommeneenienia. 

Send for sample book of stationery. 

WRIGHT, KAY & CO. '-■•» i40-ii2 Wooilwart ilve., Detroit, mien. 


19 John 


New York. 

Official Jeweler to 


I confine mvself ezclusivelv to a fine grade of work, and my Jeweled Badges are 
oneqaalled for richnees ana beauty. In crown setting, particularly, 

^ ^ Large Jewels of Real Value ^ ^ 

are mounted in true cluster form. I make a specialty of pure Diamond or Dia- 
mond combination pieces. Price list, samples and estimates sent on application 
through your chapter. 


^ ^ ^ ^ Diamond and Fine ^^^ ,« , ,. „^ ^ ^ 

Hffamifftctqrer of - ^ ^ .^_, ^ —.^ 19 John St., N. Y. 

Jeweled Work Rings^ 

Alpha Chi Omega Stationery 

Stanpeii Witt oniciai pionopm, 

Ai ordered by general oonvention may be purchased of 

M. T. BIRD & CO- 

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23 West St., Boston. 

Armt, Crests, Cyphers, Seals, Ex-Libres, Plates designed, engraved and printed. 

Send for Samples and Prices. 







Aii>h;i rill' rin,.., 

>y Viral'"" 

(u-rm i.t^iBEKTs 


1 i,TOR. <-«*.'"Jort» J 



Alpha, DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana. 

Beta, Albion College, Albion, Michigan. 

Gamma, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. 

Delta, . , . Pennsylvania College of Music, Meadville, Pennsylvania. 
Epsilom, . University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. 

Zeta, New England Conservatory, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Eta, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. 

Theta, ........ University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 



President, Raeburn Cowger, Alpha. 

Vice President Winifred Bartholomew, Theta. 

Secretary Ethel Eggleston, Zeta. 

Treasurer Gertrude Ogden, Delta. 


Alpha, Elmena Lank 

Beta,. ... Lina Baum, 211 E. Erie St. 

Gamma, Blanche Hughes, 649 Hinman Ave. 

Delta, L. Fay Barnaby, North' Park Ave. 

Epsilon, Jessie I^eone Davis, 2904 Vermont Ave. 

Zeta, Lucy G. Andrews, New England Conservatory. 

Eta, Belle Bartol. 

Theta, Marion Alberta Daniel. 



Fannie Bloomfield-Zeisler, 

568 Bast Division Street, 

Chicago, Illinois. 

riiss Neally Stevens, 

Concert Pianist. 

Alameda County, 

Residence, San Lorenzo. 


Maud Powell, 


40 West Twentieth Street, 

New York City, 

riarie Decca, 

Prima Donna, 

Opera, Oratorio, Concert, Etc. 

Address, Care the Musical Courier, New York. 


J i . 1. J i . » ',■ . ; 

PUBLL ;. L:. - ■-■. ! 

7x1593 ' 

TILDEN rO:.r,iyAllON8 

R 1 y 1 6 L 



ALPHA Chi Omega. 

VOL. IV. MARCH, 1899. NO. 1 


While this is a much discussed subject it is so interesting that one 
may be pardoned for venturing to place it again before the public eye. 

Let us briefly note four distinct facts: Sound is audible vibration of 
the air. Music is the arrangement of sound in harmonious relations. 
Technique is the control of these relations. Discord is the lack of 
harmonious relations. 

The scope of these vibrations is wide, extending far away into the 
abyss of silence, as measureless as the stellar spaces, to reappear as heat, 
light, electricity, actinism and those fancied forces that dwell on the 
border of the Infinite. 

Only a small segment df this broad sweep of dynamics is adapted to 
the capacity of the human ear and that is the limit between twenty- 
seven and one-half and thirty-five hundred vibrations a second. Those 
involved in music are contained usually within the extremes fifty-one 
and twenty.five hundred vibrations. 

All tones above or below these take no part in that harmonious ar- 
rangement of vibrations called music; not essentially that they are in- 
coherent, but because these sounds below, overlapping and blending, 
destroy distinctive notes, and the organs of hearing are not sensitive 
enough to discern the gradation of the tones of those above. 


The JLyre. 

If the mechanism of the ear were more perfect, or rather, spirituelle, 
the tones of music would then extend to four thousand vibrations and 
beyond, for the only limitation placed upon vibration is by the auditory 
nerve itself. If that were unrestricted in perceptive power the very at- 
mosphere would be charged with symphonies; every flower would be a 
tone study, every smile a lyric, the heavens an unending chorus and 
the rainbow the most beautiful anthem of the universe! 

From multitudes of illustrations upon this subject a few examples 
will suffice to show the best known results both in . music and science. 

Students of this subject differ somewhat in their estimate of ratios. 
The best authorities, however, place low A in the Bass at twenty-seven 
and one-half, and the highest A at thirty-four hundred eighty vibra- 
tions a second, within which limit the music of all nations is written. 

It would prove an exhausting effort to attempt to give or read the 
ratios in this brief article, hence, only a few pertinent examples will be 

In the violin the open O string answers to about one hundred ninety- 
three vibrations and the highest to about thirty-five hundred a second. 

In the voice the full soprano ranges from O below the staff one hun- 
dred ninety-six to high C ten hundred forty-four, or to £ above thirteen 
hundred five vibrations. 

The mezzo-soprano ranges from low J5, third space Bass one hundred 
sixty-four, to high B nine hundred seventy-six vibrations. 

One singer of Mozart's time had a range of nearly three and one-half 
octaves. The present century is the proud mother of as wonderfully 
gifted children of song in Melba, Calve and the ever-youthful Patti. 

Scientists have achieved wonderful and beautiful results in experi- 
ments with wood, taut strings, glass, plates and membranes. 

Figures of the most simple and also of the most intricate design 
have been produced by the vibrations of a single tone, enhanced in 
beauty as the ratio is increased and the consequent tones realized. 

Scientific observers have suspected that among certain forms of ani- 
mal life the optic and auditory nerves blend in their functions so that 
one of these highly favored creatures sees what it hears and vice versa/ 
The deaf hear a trumpet tone in a flash of red and the blind see a vio- 
let ray in a lullaby! 


Xhe Jjyre. & 

One interested scientist determined recently the roar of the ocean to 
be F below the Bass staff while that of the purling brook or mountain 
stream ranged from A flat, below the Treble staff, to D flat or E flat 
above, according to location and environment. 

One may reasonably suppose that Thor in striking so many different 
anvils, according to the season or his mood, finds ample scope for many 
a gigantic solo. 

One of the most interesting examples of "Reflection of Sound" is 
found in the " Ear of Dionysius " — a large hole excavated in the rocks 
near Syracuse — where, if one whispers or breathes the faintest tone 
into this great ear of Mother Earth it becomes at once a deafening roar. 

The most delightful of these illustrations, however, exists in the 
Baptistery at Pisa, where, if one stand beneath its dome and sounds 
softly in rapid succession the tones of a full chord, it is reflected and 
remains suspended, a trembling jewel in mid-air, like the tones from 
some rich-voiced organ concealed from view. 

Light, heat, color, aye, even the growth and decomposition of veget- 
able life, are in themselves but chords and dischords. 

Pythagoras, the old Greek mathematican and musician caught the 
seven spirits of the rainbow and made them the inspiration of music. 
He viewed the whirling stars with an intuitive knowledge of the grand 
anthem they created upon that glorious night of the Redeemer's birth, 
an anthem writ in stars upon the great page of the sky. 

But with Mitchell, the poet, I would plead : — 

"Call not mosic mere vibration, 

Poising, trembling, floating by, 
JoBt to raise pleased, brief sensations. 
Fruitless soands, and born to die. 

No! It is a spirit, barning, 

Sabile, lightning-like in air; 
Dormant it may lie, till torning. 

Woke by Art, a glory there." 

— Pearl Whitcomb-Henry. 

Melody is the golden thread running through the maze of tones, by 
which the ear is guided and the heart reached. — Christiani. 


The Jjyre, 


Indescribable thou art, evading the long embrace 

Of the devoutest Muse, to endow and crown thee 

With all that belongs to thee; of thy virtues, most beautiful 

And divinest of all, thou canst and dost efface 

The deepest gloom, or melt to tears, the stony heart; 

Thou call'st the wayward soul from paths of wrong. 

And thou dost soothe the wounded, and dispel his fears. 

To thee, doth the hungering, bruised soul oft turn, 

Whose loves are departed, leaving but the ghost of song 

That lived on lips, now pale and still. 

The young and gay, who tread carelessly, 

Trill in gleeful measures, thy glad rune, — 

The mother chants to infant ears, thy carressing 

Lullabys, — old men, with faltering tongues 

Find in thy peaceful rythmatic tune. 

Solace for the Past, and prophecy of coming joys; 

The exile, on some foreign shore. 

Murmurs softly, " Home, sweet home," 

And waits Vith longing, for the summons 

That shall call him there, forever more. 

The songs of birds, 'mid sun-kissed flowers, 

And gentle rustling of the breeze, — 

The roar of Ocean, as he dies exhausted on the shore, — 

The seething winds, that lash 

With fury, the bending, reeling trees, — 

The diapason of gigantic Thor's voice, 

The passionate throbbing of the storm. 

Of thee, art a part, — for at Nature's organ. 

Sits Omnipotence, who, with master hand. 

Doth press the keys, — infinite in form 

Yet all pervading, thou'rt heavenly bom. 

For, like a drift of Angel's song. 

From some vast supernal Way, 

Thou art the last to bid adieu, on earth, 

And first to greet us, in Heaven! — Pearl Mae Henry. 


The Jjyre. 7 


Perhaps our Alpha Chi sisters may be interested in knowing that 
there is no particular reason why St. Cecelia should be associated in 
our minds with music. This seems to be rather a wild statement when 
we take into consideration the fact that because of her attributed 
musical abilities, her name is one of the best known in the calendar 
of Saints, and not only that, — but the additional fact, that half the 
Musical Societies in Europe and nearly all of them in America are 
named after her. 

It is impossible to find anything but wavering, legendary accounts 
of her life, and while one truthful historian represents her carrying on 
her pious devotions in the second century, another, (equally authentic, 
as historians always are) depicts her a full century later pursuing the 
even tenor of her saintly way. It is stated with more or less mythical 
certainty that Cecelia often united instrumental music to that of her 
voice in singing the praises of the Lord. It is on this statement that 
her fame is founded, and that we find her the special patroness ot 
music and musicians the world over. But if Cecelia has any claims to 
immortality, it is as a religious Saint and not as a musical genius. For 
she was so far advanced in a religious direction as to be a Christian, 
while nearly all the rest of the world was still Pagan. 

She was a Roman lady of noble and rich family and this family was 
so inconsiderate as to jar upon her Christian feelings by constraining 
her to marry a certain youth of Pagan instincts. However, she 
promptly converted him to Christianity and also extended the good 
work of conversion to his brother and a friend named Maximus, all of 
whom were martyred in consequence of their faith. 

There came a time when Cecelia, too, was destined to join the throng 
of martyrs. Pagan Rome commanded her to sacrifice to idols. She 
refused, and was condemned to death by the highroad of suffocation. 
She was thrown into a boiling bath, and though every means of stifling 
was employed, our historian asserts emphatically that she did not even 
perspire. Then she was committed to the executioner who struck three 
blows at her head with a sword, — but without sundering it from the 
body. He fled in horror, leaving her bleeding. People came in throngs 


8 The Lyre. 

to sap up her precious blood with napkins, and to drink in her parting 
words. She died three days later and received a martyr's crown. 

The 22nd of November is the day dedicated to St. Cecelia, and in 
the Roman Catholic Church her festival is always celebrated with 
splendid music, especially in Rome where there is a church dedicated 
to her. It is said to be built at her request on the site of the house 
she inhabited. The edifice has been rebuilt on a magnificent scale 
several times and stands in the Jewish quarter of Rome. In this we 
behold an architectural tribute to St. Cecelia, but there is also a great 
painter's tribute, — Raphael's grand painting at Bologna in which the 
Saint is represented wrapped in an ecstasy of devotions with a musical 
instrument in her hands, — a painting which must surely add lustre to 
her immortality. And Carlo Dolce and Ruebens have undoubtedly 
strengthened their own fame, if not hers, by their celebrated canyasaes 
of this Saint. 

There are also numerous tributes from the sculptor's chisel, but per- 
haps the best eulogy of all is that from Dryden's pen which has taken 
the form of a magnificent ode. 

It is clear that there is no scarcity of flattering evidence thai Si. 
Cecelia existed, but there is a vast scarcity of anything approaching 
accurate knowledge of her life. Whether her musical accompliahments 
were sufficient to warrant this afterglow of laudation which has been 
showered about her, or whether her failure to "perspire" and expire at 
the correct moment has tended most to perpetuate her memory, it is 
impossible for me to say. Virginia May Fisk. (Theta.) 

" In framing artists art hath thus decreed. 
To make some good, but others to exceed." 

"Genius begins the work, but it is industry ihdX finishes it." 

Rhythm, accent, emphasis, and the divisions of time, should be well 
understood to be properly expressed in the performance. — Dr. Crotch. 


The Jjyre. 9 



Albion College — "old Albion" beare the name of its location. The 
Campos is a charming part of the town, sufficiently elevated to make 
the view a delightful one. The principal part of the grounds is occu- 
pied by the buildings; to the East lies the college grove, skirted by 
tennis courts and on the opposite side the athletic field — that most 
interesting and delightful of all places. 


The first building ever erected was completed in November, 1843 
and although this was the second attempt to found the school, it was 
before the era of our high schools and the Seminary enjoyed great 

In 1849 the corporate name became "AVesleyan Seminary and 
Female Collegiate Institute" and finally in 1861, "Albion College;" 
the charter also provided that the grade of work should be equal to that 
supplied in the department of Literature, Science and the Arts of the 
University of Michigan. 

The first building erected — "Central" — was a dormitory with a 

2%0 I/yre* 

TKe IJyre. 11 

dining hall and students' room but since the abandonment of the 
dormitory system, over twenty yeara ago, it has been used for educa- 
tional pniposes. It now accomodates the offices of the President, the 
Library oo the second floor, the Biological Laboratory and lecture 
rooms, and beside these and none the less interesting a trophy room, 
where are gathered the spoils of athletic wars. 
The North Building contains beside four lecture rooms, the quarters 


of the Commercial Department, the Art Studio and two Literary 

The Chapel Building, finished and dedicated in 1870, is directly 
south of Central Building. The main floor and gallery of the Chapel 
occupy the second and third floors while on the first floor are the 
muflic rooms of the Conservatory, 


The I/yre. 

Ths X/yre. 


The GytDDasium is well supplied with apparatus, fumiBhing oppor- 
tTiiiity for the Torieties of drills aud physical culture. 

FrcIi^ North Building and west of it stands the Observatory for the 
departmeot of Astrooomy and applied Mathematics. 

The newest and a well equipped building is the McMillan Labora- 
tory, the gift of the Hon. James McMillan, of Detroit. 

The basement and two stories serve the laboratory purposes, the dis- 
pensing rooms, and private office of the Professor. In the third story 
are placed the College Museum, and a Museum of Conchology, Zoology 
and Botany. 

Thiu fitted, Albion ofiers to its three hundred and seventy-five 
enrolled students four separate courses of study in the College of 
Liberal Arts, and others in the DepartmeDts of Oratory, Commercial 
work, Preparatory, Art and Music, and a Normal Course. 

The Conservatory is fast becoming a musical centre. There is an- 
nually presented a musical festival continuing for three days. It helps 

14 The I/yre. 

the students to mon fully appreciate music as an edacative force and 
as a fine art. Such artiflta as Godowsky, Breckenridge, D. Frangcon 
Davies, Katharine Fisk and Xavier 
j Scharwenka have appeared. 

The Conservatory is under the direc- 
j torship of a native German, whose ed- 
ucation was begun in the Royal Academy 
of Berlin, and who was a pupil of Hul- 
I ler. 

In the Spring and Fall the studflotB 
I quite live on the athletic field, for life in 
the institution soon Gonvincee one of the 
thorough worth of manly athletica. The 
Association has as its governing board, one composed of eleven 
members, representing in a lai^ per cent the student body, end with 
these the Faculty and business men. 


Hlf;M.\(in. PELTAfiAMMA. KAfPA Al.fHA TU^A. 

Ijt'ading the soci:iI life of the college arc the fraternities — in number 
the sacred seven. 

SiRina Chi established in 1K,S(1; Delta Tau Delta, in 1876; Alpha 

The Lyre. 


TsQ Om^a, 1880; Sigma Nu, in 1895; Delta Gamma, 
1883; Kappa Alpha Theta, 1887 and Alpbi Chi Omega, 1887. 

Three chapter houses, those of Sigma Chi, Delta Gamma and Kappa 
Alpha Theta are at the edge of the grove and face Cass Street, while 


that of Alpha Chi Omega fronts Hannah Street, toward the College 
Buildings proper. 

No ralea prevent a student from joining a fraternity as soon as he 
chooses, nor are these Greek letter societieB under any contract, conee- 
quentl; from the very beginning of the term until its close, much 
activity is noticed until each has gained for its own the best ma- 
terial. The refining influence of the fraternities is marked. 

K. L. Calkins. 

16 The I/yre, 


Theta Chapter was formally ushered into the ranks of Alpha Chi 
Omega on the evening of November 19th, 1898. Five Beta girls, — 
Miss Ada Dickie, Miss Lina Baum, Miss Alta Allen, Miss Ethel Cal- 
kins and Miss Dickinson, — came down from Albion with power from 
the Grand President to organize the chapter. The initiation was 
held at the home of Mrs. Leonard Miller, a former Beta girl, to whose 
efforts the establishment of the chapter was undoubtedly due. Another 
able assistant, whose arduous efforts must not be underrated in this 
truthful account, was a most versatile goat. We may safely say that 
the combination of six enthusiastic Alpha Chis and one ardent goat 
was an invincible one to the uninitiated, and that the work was satis- 
factorily and thoroughly accomplished. 

The charter members were seven, — Alberta Daniel, Winifred Bar- 
tholomew, Floss Spense, Flora Koch, Rachel McKenzie, Lillian Condon 
and Virginia Fisk. "Billy" left us in a weak, but ravenous state, and 
we were able to do full justice to the liberal spread which had been 
provided, doubtless with the view of counteracting as far as possible 
the disastrous effects of a genuine Alpha Chi initiation. 

We held our first regular meeting just before Sunday morning com- 
pelled adjournment, elected our officers for the term and dispersed to 
our beds, — weary, but happy and proud in the sense of our brand new 
chartership. Virginia May Fisk. 

" As poetry finds its fullest development in the drama, so does in- 
strumental music in the symphony; and indeed it may safely be said 
that the symphony is the highest of all the musical forms." 

The harmony of things, 

As well as that of sounds. 
From discord springs. — Sir J. Denham. 

"Always be assured that ultimate success will ensue, if you give 
yourself the trouble to work for it; success may be deferred, but it will 
come at last." 


The I/yre. 17 




Published quarterly by Alpha Chapter, Banner office. Greencastle, Ind. 
Subscription, 76 cents per year. Single copies, iK) cents. 
ADVERTISING RATES.— Full i>age, SIO.OO; half page, 10.00; Quarter page, 18.00 each insertion. 

All material for the next numoer must be in by June 1st. 

Mary Jankt Wilbon, .Brfitor-in-CW^. 

Rakbubn Cowgeb, Exchange Editor (Alpha). Helen Hanna Bibch, Alumnx Editor (Alpha). 

Associate Editors. 

Alpha— Ruth Vauoht. Epsilon— Jessie Leone Davis. 

Beta— Kate L. Calkins. Zeta— Lucy G. Andrews. 

Gamma— Stella Chamblin. Eta— Belle Bartol. 

Delta— Grace Hammond. Theta— Alberta Daniel. 

Mildred Rutledge, Subscription Agent and Treasurer. 



The convention of three years ago decided that Gamma should have 
charge of the new song book. Another convention has passed and 
Gamma Chapter is still looking for songs. We have received a few of 
them but not all by any means. What is the matter? At Albion it 
was decided to have all songs in by February 1st. You know as well 
as Gamma who is tardy in this matter. We can not have the book 
without the songs. Shall we have the book ? It is for you to decide. 

The Lyre now enters upon its third year. It goes forth with more 
confidence than on the two preceding years for it feels assured that at 
certain points in this great country it has many enthusiastic friends; 
that there are certain ones upon whom its interests have a special claim 


18 The I/yre. 

and who will not allow other duties or pleasures to cause it to be neg- 
lected. In looking over its pages we can see names of those who in 
the past have been loyally meeting the demands upon their time and 
talent. May the future record many more. We heartily greet the new 
corps of assistants and hope they will feel repaid for their arduous labor 
by the ultimate success of the enterprise. Many stumbling blocks may 
interfere with our plans, but let us not be turned aside because of them, 
but let us move forward and they will disappear. 

We do not consider it essential to the strength of our organization to 
increase its extent rapidly. While at this time there are many knocking 
at our door for admission the greatest care should be taken about or- 
ganizing. Unity is more essential to success than extension. Then 
too the greatest effort should be made to help a chapter that is tempor- 
arily weak or discouraged into a healthier, stronger life. "Let us 
strengthen the things that remain." Keep our eight chapters alive and 
progressive and add with the greatest precaution only progressive and 
enterprising applicants. 

Theta chapter takes hold of the Journal work in a very encouraging 
manner. We congratulate our new chapter on its eflficiency. 

Since the convention has decreed that every active member shall sub- 
scribe for The "Lyre" we will expect longer lists from each chapter. 
We ho])e the subscriptions will come promptly. Care should be taken 
to inform us of change of address. The June number will probably 
not appear until after school is closed in which case notice of change of 
address should be sent U8. 

Extni copies of any number of The Lyre can be furnished at 20 
cents per copy. We will also furnish a few volumes bound in half 
moroceo at 82.25 per volume. 

The I/yre. 19 

We wish to urge promptness in sending in the songs to Gamma. We 
may here state that Gamma is the banner chapter as to promptness in 
having copy in for The Lyre. I^et us not withhold the material they 
need for the work assigned them. 

Promptly June 1st we expect the copy for the next number. Please 
remember to include programs given by active members of the chapter. 

We wish to call the attention of those of our members who desire to 
make the most progressive and thorough preparation for work to the 
requirements for membership in the American College of Musicians. 
The object of the organization is to provide for and encourage broader 
education in those who are equipping themselves for professional work. 
We hope many Alpha Chi*s will be found in the list of those who have 
gained admission to this honorable body. In our haste to progress 
rapidly in our chosen department of music we should not neglect the 
advantages offered by our schools for broader study, for this will be re- 
quired of us if we keep in the front ranks as musicians and teachers. 

A carefully prepared index of the first two volumes of The Lyre has 
been printed — 1897-1898 makes a very creditable volume. Each 
chapter should have these numbers bound for its library, and each sub- 
scriber who values The Lyre should not neglect to have it in this con- 
venient form. The index will be sent free to every subscriber who 
wishes it. 


20 The I/yre. 



Louie Rush was unable to return after Christmas. 

Eva Osborn has returned home to organize her class. 

Donna Williamson is now Mrs. Stonecypher and resides in Indianap- 

Fifteen active and three pledged members are now registered for 

Pearl Shaw and Elma Patton will remain for only part of the spring 

Lydia Hammerly and Stella Branson will be unable to enter the third 

Jessie Fox was bereft of her mother last January. She has the sincere 
sympathy of her sisters. 

Lydia Hammerly, Flora Brumfield, Mae Headley, Lydia Woods, Ethel 
Jackson, Daisy Estep and Elma Patton were initiated during the second 

Marguerite Gray has a large class in pianoforte at her home. Her 
class recently gave a public recital, assisted by Mr. Carl McKee, formerly 
of DePauw. 

Feme Wood, who has been suffering from the result of overwork in 
school, is regaining her usual health. She is still an enthusiastic reader 
of the Lyre. 

Valverda Rupp died at her home in Terre Haute January 6th, after a 
short illness. She was with us in fraternity work during the year the 
convention met with Alpha and was a great favorite with all. 

Miss Cowger's violin, and Miss Shaw's piano Junior recitals were 
given last month. Misses Herr, Rutledge and Vaught will give their 
Senior pianoforte programs within the next six or eight weeks. 


The I/yre. 21 


Miss Daisy Snell is teaching in Coldwater, Mich. 

Miss Dickie is the happy possessor of a new Steinway. 

Miss Ethel Kinsman is teaching in Calumet, Michigan. 

Miss Louise Birchard is teaching Delsarte in New Bedford, Mass. 

Miss Emma Phelps is spending this term in Battle Creek, at china 

Miss Alida Handy, of Bay City, Mich., is studying in Boston Con- 

Born, to Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Cushman, January 13th, a daughter, 
Dorothy Madaline. 

Misses Clarissa and Ada Dickie go to Detroit this week to see Olga 
Nethersole in "Camille" and "Carmen." 

Misses Florence Hoag and Dorothy Gunnels attended the Junior hop 
in Ann Arbor, February 10th. Miss Hoag was a guest at the Chi Psi, 
and Miss Gunnels at the Sigma Chi House. 

Jeannette Evans Maxwell is studying at Barnard College this year. 

Miss Ethel Lillyblade did not return in January, but is at home in 
Denver, Colorado. 

Miss Suzanne Mulford sailed for Bermuda, February 18th, for an ab- 
sence of eight weeks. 

Miss Mabel Siller spent her Christmas vacation with Miss Suzanne 
Porter, of Meadville, Pennsylvania. 

Our honorary member, Mrs. G. A. Coe, entertained the Alpha Chis 
very pleasantly at her beautiful home. 

Miss Adalyne Richardson and Mr. Robert Bruce Young were married 
at her home in Oklahoma City, November 16th, 1898, and are now liv- 
ing in Bonham, Texas. 


22 The I/yre, 

Miss Stella Chamblin spent a week previous to the convention with 
the Misses Hough in Jackson, Michigan. 

Miss Beulah Hough has been visiting in Evanston for the last five 
weeks. Her friends were glad to see her here again. The Misses Siller, 
Theodora Chaffee, Katherine Scales, Blanche Hughes and Stella Chamb- 
lin entertained in Miss Hough's honor. 


Miss Theo White of Elmira, N. Y., is visiting in Oskaloosa, Iowa. 

Miss Helen Edsall has been ill with the grip but is now able to meet 
her pupils. 

Miss Bertha Sackett entertained the fraternity Monday afternoon, 
January 30th. 

Miss Mary Graham spent a week in New York at the beginning of 
the season for Grand Opera. 

Miss Anna Ray and Miss Sarah Evans are in New York studying 
voice with Mrs. Skinner and Madame von Klenner. 

Miss Jessie Merchant attended the Y. W. C. A. Convention at Pitts- 
burg, Pa. She went as a delegate from Allegheny College. 

Miss Ruby Krick is spending the winter in Washington, D. C. She 
is the guest of her uncle. Congressman John C. Sturdevant. 

Miss Elizabeth Tate, one of our Delta girls, was married to Mr. 
Alexander Parker Wilson, November 23rd, 1898. They reside in 
Boise City, Idaho. 

Delta announces that three new grand-daughters have been added to 
her roll. They are the daughters of Mrs. Jene Robson McGill, Mrs. Har- 
riet Veith Robson and Mrs. Charlotte Weber Seiple. 

'^Xews comes from Paris that a Pennsylvania girl named Gertrude 
Rennyson has achieved a great success at the Ambroselli School of 
Opera." — Pittsburg De»paU:h. Miss Rennyson is an Alpha Chi of Zeta 


The I/yre. 23 

The girls were very pleasantly surprised with a visit from Mrs. Hull 
a few weeks ago. Mrs. Hull was formerly director of the Meadville 
Conservatory of Music. She is now teaching very successfully in 
Erie, Penn. 


Ora W. Millard is visiting in San Francisco. 

We are planning a tallyho ride for the first of April. 

Dr. Burton, father of our dear sister Nellie Burton, passed away last 

Lulu Johns has returned from Berlin and is with her mother at 

The latest additions to Epsilon are Misses Olive Barringer, Lillian 
Whitton and Myrtle McArthur. 

Miss Neally Stevens entertained Epsilon with a recital on the twenty- 
second of February. We had a delightful time and were delighted with 
her. She had a drawing contest, in which Mrs. VanCleve won a large 
bow of scarlet and olive satin ribbon, which adorned the piano while 
Miss Stevens played. Miss Keep won a dainty water color painting of 
the poppy fields near here. It was the handiwork of Miss Stevens' 
mother. Miss Chalfin won a box of bonbons. We are all very happy 
to have Miss Stevens with us. 


Edith Prince has gone home for the remainder of the year. 

Maud Collin spent Christmas with friends in Middletown, N. Y. 

Mary Wilson Johnson spent Christmas at her home in Raleigh, N. C. 

Edith Manchester spent several days of last week at her home in 
Providence, R. I. 


24 The I/yre. 

Belle Mauross Sigourney of the class of '96 spent a few days with us 
the first of the month. 

Margaret Upcraft recently furnished violin numbers on programs in 
Lawrence and Andover. 

Maud Collin is suffering from overwork and will go home for the 
remainder of the school year. 

Alida Handy of Beta Chapter has entered the Conservatory and will 
be affiliated with this Chapter. 

Mrs. Violet Truell Johnston, of Plainfield, N. J., was the guest of 
fraternity sisters for a few days in January. 

Mary Kidd, Estelle McFarlane, Jessie McNair and Margaret Upcraft 
spent Christmas with Edith Manchester in Providence, R. I. 

Marion Colborn of Michigan City, Indiana, a member of Alpha 
Chapter, entered the Conservatory the first of the term but on account 
of illness returned home. 

Mary Carson Kidd has been called to her home in Huston, Texas, by 
the sudden illness of her mother. She hopes to return in a few weeks 
as her mother is now much improved. 

Elisabeth Mayo, one of the most advanced violin students of the 
school, played recently at concerts given in Lawrence, Mass., Provi- 
dence, R. I. and Dunkirk, N. Y., where she was very enthusiastically 


Miss Jessie Steiner is visting friends in Philadelphia, Pa. 

Belle Bartol will play in the recital held in Bucknell Hall the last of 

Amy Gilbert is taking piano lessons under Carl Abbott of Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

Fannie Woods was married in December to Mr. Eugene Kerstetter 
of Lewisburg, Pa. 


The I/yre. 25 

Invitations are out for the marriage of Ida List to the Rev. William 
PauUin of Cedarville, N. J. 


Mrs. Hortense Miller has been entertaining company. 

Miss Virginia May Fisk is a senior in the piano department this year. 

Miss Floss Spence goes to Ypsilanti every day to attend the Normal 

Mrs. Hermann Zeitz has been wearing the lyre for some time as an 
associate member. 

Miss Florence Hoag and Miss Dorothy Gunnels, Beta members, were 
in town for the Junior Hop. 

Miss Alberta Daniel returned to her home in Jackson for a short 
time, at the end of the semester. 

Miss Gertrude Montague of Traverse City, and Miss Martha Clarke 
of Ann Arbor, are now Alpha Chis. 

In Mendelssohn we admire most his great talent for form, his power 
of appropriating all that is most piquant, his charmingly beautiful 
workmanship, his delicate sensitiveness, and his earnest, I might al- 
most say impassioned, equanimity. — Heinrich Heine. 

"No joy was ever given from above that shall from memory wholly 
fade away." 

"The peculiar place of Schumann as a song-writer is indicated by his 
being called the musical exponent of Heine, who seems to be the other 
half of his soul." 

Study only the best, for life is too short to study everything. — Bach. 


26 The I/yre. 



With the closing weeks of this second term we are all brought to 
realize how rapidly this year is passing away. We have been very 
busy to be sure, and hope we are improving all our opportunities as 
well as possible. Several of our girls are preparing Junior and Senior 
Recitals. We have heard some very interesting concerts by the artists 
of the Concert Cbui'se. The Spiering Quartette, of Chicago, was here 
again this year at the request of many who heard it last year. Dr. 
Hanchett was greeted by a good house two evenings with his Analyti- 
cal Recitals. The second evening the professor of our Voice Depart- 
ment, Miss M. Dietrichson, appeared in her native Norwegian costume 
and entertained her hearers with her native songs. We will have the 
pleasure of hearing Miss Mae Estelle Acton, soprano, next week. She 
will be assisted by two members of our faculty: Professor Adolph 
Schellschmidt, 'cellist, and professor of string instruments, and Miss 
Elisabeth Sawyers, pianist, professor of pianoforte, harmony and ad- 
vanced theory. Our Glee and Mandolin Club is making preparations 
for a concert tour. They will begin by giving us a concert in Meharry 
Hall. The club is composed of the best college musicans and they will 
surely please their audiences in whatever cities they choose to give 
concerts. They have practiced diligently and are in unusually good 

One of the important events is our victory in the State Oratorical 
contest. DePauw has been marvelously successful in these contests, as 
she has won many State contests and quite a number of Interstate. 
Our representative this year is very enthusiastic and says that if it is 
in his power DePauw will again win the Interstate. We have great 
hopes of his success. 

Alpha Chapter held a social function on the evening of Feb- 
ruary 27th, at the home of Miss Lockridge. Her eighty guests de- 
clared it a great success. And of course it was her desire and endeavor 
to make it an enjoyable occasion. 

For our last few fraternity meetings we have had the pleasure of 


The I/yre. 27 

initiating one new girl and three pledged members. They are all very 
enthusiastic and energetic. We also recently pledged a new girl whom 
we hope soon to initiate. Since our glorious convention with Beta, our 
regular fraternity meetings have been interrupted with much business, 
and we have not as faithfully followed our plan of work as we were 
wont. It hardly seems possible that our fraternity has grown so large. 
Prom the first meeting of seven DePauw girls, who associated them- 
selves together almost fourteen years ago, the fraternity has increased 
until it embraces about five hundred members. Surely Alpha Chi 
Omega has been and is still being looked upon with favor, for with the 
addition of her last established chapter, Theta, she can count her 
chapters to the number of eight. 

Now that wejare in such a congenial atmosphere, let us seek not only 
for the affinity of true sisters, but for the highest attainment possible. 



In social functions, there has been an even tenor to Beta*s way. The 
term has been a bit quiet, though not lacking in enthusiasm. The oc- 
casional spreads and our meetings are the oases in our desert of study, 
for many of the girls have heavy work. 

We followed Gamma's excellent suggestion and have made a more 
thorough study of the constitution; for programs we are carrying out 
in detail an outlined study of the musical forms, beginning with the 
Ballad model and dance form, going through the two terms and ending 
with the American Orchestral and Choral works. 

On February third, five of the chapter went with Professor and 
Mrs. Sand and the college quartette, to give a concert at Quincy, 
Mich. The trip was far from tedious, and I'm sure if the listeners en- 
joyed it as well as we, they were contented and an interest in the Albion 
Conservatory was aroused. The string quartette, of whom three are 
Alpha Chis, were especially pleasing in their numbers. 

The college is looking forward with much anticipation to the setting 
up in the chapel of a pipe organ. Many pupils who have been 
hindered from study in this department because of no organ that could 


28 The I/yre. 

be secured for practice, will begin lessons next term, at which time it 
is hoped the organ will have been placed. Mrs. Sand will have charge 
of the department; this will necessitate her giving up the vocal work. 
For this it is expected that we shall have a man teacher, just who is 
not yet announced. 

The base-ball management is planning for a series of class games in 
the Spring. The winning team (final) is to receive a trophy to be 
placed, as usual, in the trophy room. We are to give the trophy this 
year and, since it is intended that this plan shall be perpetuated, we 
are gratified over being first asked to offer it. The Constitution of the 
Athletic Association has been revised and its affairs are now managed 
by a Board of Control of eleven members, three from the Faculty, three 
business men from the city, and five from the student body. Here, 
too, we have our part, there are but two young ladies and one is an 
Alpha Chi. By the recent death of Hon. Cyrus Smith and Edward 
Connable, of Jackson, the college receives a library valued at $16,000, 
and from the latter a bequest of $45,000. 

Beta particularly rejoices over the constant growth of the Conserva- 
tory of Music, for there we turn first of all, not only for musicianly 
girls, but those who will make true Alpha Chis. With sincerest wishes 

to each chapter from Beta. Yours, in the bond, 

Kate L. Calkins. 


Dear Sisters — The convention gave to Gamma much enthusiasm 
and new zeal. Five of our girls had the privilege of attending our last 
convention and each expressed herself as having a most pleasant time 
and receiving a great profit from it. Each chapter has its disadvantages 
— and Gamma is not an exception — but we want to do our best in up- 
building Alpha Chi Omega. We feel that we have already begun, for 
we have just initiated Miss Mabel Dunn of Evanston. We have added 
great talent to our chapter by this new member. 

We gave our annual dance at the Boat Club in Evanston last month. 
In the near future we will give a musical to which our friends will be 
invited. The program will be given by Alpha Chis, assisted by two 


The I/yre. 29 

friends. We also intend to give an entertainment at the University 
Settlement for charity. 

Many recitals have been given during the year and many of our 
girls have taken part. We have had good reason to be proud of 
them on these occasions, too. 

Gamma sends best wishes to her sister chapters. 

Stella Chamblin, 

Associate Editor. 


Delta entered upon the new year of 1899 with a revival meeting. 
There was a general determination to turn over a new leaf, many good 
resolutions were made and so far have been nobly kept. We have 
been working to strengthen the unity, to appreciate and to enter into 
our bond more fully. 

Our plan of meeting has been somewhat changed. We find the girls 
quite tired out when Saturday night comes, and that it must be made 
more or less an evening of recreation and enjoyment with complete 
good fellowship, sympathy and love. Our formal meeting is called to 
order promptly at eight o'clock, and all business quickly dispatched, 
then two hostesses, previously appointed, take charge of the remainder 
of the evening. These hostesses entertain in any way they like and, of 
course, are at liberty to call upon any of the sisters as aids. The pro- 
grams are quite varied, sometimes we have a musicale, sometimes a 
literary evening, occasionally a spread, and once a minstrel show. The 
evening's entertainment is kept secret during the week and we find this 
an excellent way to keep up interest. 

The girls of the college are very enthusiastic over basket-ball and the 
Alpha Chis are well represented among the best players. We have an 
excellent frat team and expect to challenge the Kappa Alpha Thetas 
and the Kappa Kappa Gammas. Of course we shall win; we are doing 
splendid training and just now in consequence one of our team is laid 
up with a sprained ankle and your humble scribe has a finger in 
splints. But think of the glory! 

Wednesday we have a supper in the frat-rooms for a few invited 




30 The I/yre. 

guests and perhaps in my next letter I can name some new sisters. 
Delta has not increased her numbers for one whole year. We are very 
anxious for the new song book. 

With fondest greetings to all of the chapters. I am, yours faithfully 
in the bond, Lauretta Fay Barnaby, 

Corresponding Secretary. 


Greetings and cheer to our Western sisters. Life goes well with us 
here at the "Hub of the Universe." 

What with our own interesting program work, the many musical and 
literary advantages of the Conservatory, and the historical and artistic 
attractions of the city, we lack not for the best instruction in all de- 
partments. It is true that some of these "cost like Boston," but others 
are "without money and without price," and of course the average 
American is not indiflferent to the merits of an attraction so advertised, 
though it is often claimed for him that his idea of the superlative degree 
of a thing is estimated by its cost mark of dollars and cents. Among 
some of these attractions open to the public may be mentioned the 
tine exhibition of water-color paintings of the Thames, Holland and 
Venice, by F. Hopkinson Smith, which were shown this week. Also 
an exhibition in the Art Museum by Monvel, the French artist, of a 
series of thirty-eight paintings illustrating the life of Joan of Arc. 
These pictures are to form the mural decoration of a memorial church 
that has been erected in her native villiage. 

Then there are the lectures of the Lowell Institute along various edu- 
cational lines, and the great Public Library where only the scribble of 
a lead pencil is necessary to bring to your hand any book you may 
wish to read. 

While appreciating all these advantages we occasionally find time for 
a little social relaxation, though by no means to such an extent as you 
who are studying at a college or University, and must entertain, and in 
turn be entertained by, those of the Greek letter world. 

On Saint Valentine's evening we received a few of our friends in an 
informal way at the Fraternity Hall. The principal part of the enter- 


The I/yre. 31 

tainment consisted of an archery contest. Each guest in turn shot with 
bow and arrow at a large red heart which hung suspended by the 
fraternity colors from a door. One daring damsel, falling on her knees, 
proved herself the best marksman by sending her arrow through the 
heart and so carrying off the prize. The favors and part of the refresh- 
ments were also in heart shape. 

On the evening of George Washington's birthday, Judge Shry of 
Boston, gave to the girls at the Conservatory a Colonial party, to which 
sixteen of the men students were fortunate enough to receive invitations. 
You see it was absolutely necessary to have a few men at a George 
Washington party, or how could the hero and the prominent men of 
his day be represented? So of course George Washington and the fair 
Martha led the grand march in all the glory of powdered wig and 
rustling silk and were followed by great statesmen and grand dames. 
Among them, our convention delegate as Lady Randolph, in a beautiful 
gown of rare old lace in which her great-great-grandmother, the wife of 
Chief Justice James Iredell under Washington, had often appeared in 
the bye-gone days. 

But seldom do our festivities partake of such historical splendor. 
Often the occasion is only "a box from home." Then all the Alpha 
Chi Omegas assemble, and a fine fat turkey a few hours after reaching 
Boston Town will look quite emaciated; the far-famed sea breezes seem 
to have no effect upon him, though they may serve to whet to a keener 
edge the appetites of his admirers. But the transformation of his mus- 
cular strength and even his "departed spirits," as exhibited when strut- 
ting "Lord of all he surveyed" seem imparted to these "cornfed" 
musicians with most hilarious effects. 

Zeta will ever be with you in spirit and thought, and wishes for you 
all happiness and success beyond anything you anticipate. 

Lucy G. Andrews. 


The infant chapter of Alpha Chi enthusiastically greets her new 
sisters for the first time and thanks them for the welcome given in The 
Lyre, and trusts they will not be disappointed in Theta. She bids fair 


32 The Jjyre. 

to become a vigorous, healthy and active chapter and is not only 
walking alone but learning also to speak for herself. The necessary 
essentials for the growth and advancement of the chapter are within 
our reach, if we have but the energy to stretch forth and grasp them, 
and having grasped them, the will and character to maintain the 
ground gained. 

We have won to our midst two more congenial girls whom we feel 
to be a valuable acquisition to our chapter, Miss Gertrude Montague 
of Traverse City, an unusually talented pupil of Mr. Jonas, and Miss 
Martha Clark of Ann Arbor, one of his graduates. We also have a 
pledged member. Miss Ethel Fisk, sister of one of our most loyal and 
energetic Alpha Chis, and of whom we are already very fond and hope 
soon to admit to full membership. 

At the home of Miss Flora Koch our goat was first brought into 
activity for the initiation of Mrs. Hermann Zeitz, wife of Prof. Zeitz, 
who is at the head of the violin department in the School of Music 
The spirit of respect which we all entertained for our new associate 
member seemed to have penetrated to his goatship's perceptions for he 
behaved in a most gentle and dignified manner, showing himself to be 
an unusually well trained goat. Last Friday eve at the home of Miss 
Lydia Condon he again appeared to test the courage and loyalty of the 
other two sisters. He was somewhat mischievous, but owing to warm 
weather was not as unruly as I imagine some goats to be. 

In the early part of January a Russian lea was given for the Alpha 
Chis by Misses Bartholomew and Daniel, at the home of Secretary Col- 
burn, where the girls reside. It was a pretty little affair rendered at- 
tractive to the girls by the assistance of Mrs. Colburn and Mrs. Zeitz in 
making and serving the tea. 

We wish here to pay our loyal little Beta sister, Mrs. Hortense 
Miller, a tribute for her kindness and assistance to the new chapter. 
She has endeared herself to us all by her sweet manner and ready help 
on all perplexing questions. 

We have recently had the opportunity of hearing some very fine 
artists. Miss Adele Aus der Ohe gave a fine piano recital and before 
the wonderful accomplishments of this artist had ceased to be breathed 
about, Mr. Willy Burmeister, the famous violinist, came to hold us 


The I/yre. 33 

spell-bound again with pleasure over the soul-stirring tones wrought 
from the instrument in his skillful hands, under perfect control of his 
inspiration. We are impatient for the appearance of Madame Carreno 
and expect also some grand treats at May Festival time, and hope 
many other sisters may enjoy the artists here assembled at that time. 

Several of our girls have taken part in pupils' recitals for which we 
send two or three programmes. 

And now before the older members of our musical family have an 
opportunity to say to us that infants should be seen and not heard, we 
will bid you all an affectionate farewell until we meet again in the 
Lyre. Marion Alberta Daniel. 

**In his "Songs Without Words," Mendelssohn gives us his innermost 
ideas, and they are full of moral purity and poetic charm. For this 
reason, the songs have made their way into every musical household." 

"Practice is not merely a mechanical work, but has also an intellect- 
ual phase, which, when properly developed, produces good fruit in 
economy of time, saving of unnecessary trouble, and a readier achiev- 
ing of the wished for result." 

What love is to the heart, that music is to the other arts and to man, 
for music is love itself. — Weber. 

Schubert's pianoforte compositions are brilliant, and strongly in the 
style of Beethoven, who was always the great object of his devoted ad- 
miration, his artistic idol and model. — George Ferris. 

Music is never stationary; successive forms and styles are only like 
so many resting-places — like tents pitched and taken down again on 
the road to the ideal. — Franz Liszt. 



The I/yre. 


Honorary Members. 

Madame Fannie Bloomfleld-Zelsler. 
Lavin. Mrs. Mary Howe. 
Rive-King, Madame Julia. 
YaWf Ellen Beach. 

Decca, Madame Marie. 
Powell, Maud. 
Stevens, Neally. 



Alden, Lena Eva. 

Bailey. Mn. Cecelia Eppinghousen. 
Bryant, Mrs. Jennie Allen. 
DePauw, Mrs. Newland T. 
DePauw, Mrs. Chas. T. 

Dixon. Mrs. Alma Dahl. 
Earp, Mrs. Ella O. 
John, Mrs. Orra P. 
Wentworth, Alice. 


Andrews, Lucy O., Brazil, Ind. 

^Atkinson, Lmu, Willow Branch, Ind. 

Baker, Joanna. Indianola, Iowa. 

^Bailey, Mrs. Belle Mikels, W. Lafayette, Ind. 

Baldwin, Mrs. Suda West, Ft. Branch, Ind. 

^Ballinger, Ina, Williamsburg, Ind. 

Barry, fiunny. Sheldon. 111. 

Beauchamp, Bonnie, Tipton, Ind. 

Beil. Clara, Bluffton, Ind. 

tBenedict, Mrs. Cora Branson. 

Bennet, Mrs. Laura Marsh. Okahumpka, Fla. 

Berger, Mrs. Ethel Sutherlin, Chicago, III. 

^Biddle. Maude, Danville, Ind. 

Birch, Helen Hanna, Oreencastle, Ind. 

*BoIts, Myrtle. 

Bosler, Lyda. 

^Branson. Stella, Farmersburg, Ind. 

Brumflela, Flora, Petersburg, Ind. 

*Brown, Mrs. Leonore Boaz, Kokomo, Ind. 

^■Byers, Lizzie, Shelbyville, Ind. 

■°>Carter. Olive. Brazil. Ind. 

^Case, Mrs. Minnie Bowman, Covington, Ind. 

Chenoweth, Byrde, Winchester, Ind. 

Childs, Mrs. Nellie Gamble, Martinsville, 111. 

«<ylark, Blanche, Colfax, Ind. 

Clark, Mrs. Olive Burnett, Andersoa, Ind. 

Colbum, Marion, Michigan City, Ind. 

Collins, June, Knoxvllle, Iowa. 

Conrey, Carrie, Shelbyville, Ind. 

Copeland. Nellie Bolton, 850 G Av, St. Paul, Minn 

fCoucher, Louise. 

Cowger, Raeburn, Monticello, Ind. 

Cowperthwaite, Anne, Tom*s River. N. J. 

Cox, Emma, Anderson, Ind. 

*Creek, Emma, Yoeman, Ind. 

<*Crowder, Kittie, Sullivan. Ind. 

* Davis, Honora. Bourbon, Ind. 

Davis. Minnie. Martinsville. Ind. 

Deniston, Bertha. Indianapolis, Ind. 

DeVore, Allah, ODell, Ind. 

*DeVore, Okah, O'Dell, Ind. 

•Dresser, Mrs. Nellie Dobbins, W. Lafayette, Ind. 

•Ellis, Pearl, Pleasantville, Ind. 

Estep, Daisy, Danville. Intl. 

Esterbrook. Mrs. Dora Marshall, Orleans. Neb. 

Finch, Juliet, Logansport, Ind. 

Forshee, Mabelle. Kinmundy, 111. 

■^Foster, Evalyn, Attica, Ind. 

•Foster. Katherine, Palmyra. N. Y. 

Fox, Jessie Y., Champaign, 111. 

French, Gertrude H., Boxford, Mhb. 

FuQua, Leota. 

Gallihue, Mayme, IndlftiiapollB, Ind. 

Gray, Mrs. Carrie Moore, Cralveiton, Ind. 

Gray, Margurite, Chrifman, 111. 

•Hamilton, Florence. Greensbnrg, Ind. 

Hammerly, Lydia. Marshall, 111. 

Hand, Mn. Lflie Throop, Carbon. Ind. 

Hargrave, Minnie. Princeton, Ind. 

•Harper, Mrs. Nellie Zimmerman, Brasil, Ind. 

•Haywood, Emma, Romney, Ind. 

Headley, Mae, Pendleton, Ind. 

Heaton, Alice Carv, Knightstown, Ind. 

Herr, Helen, Brazil, Ind. 

•Hester, Emma, GreencasUe, Ind. 

Heston, Maud, Princeton, Ind. 

Heston, Stella, Princeton, Ind. 

Hill, Claudia, Waynesburg, Ind. 

Hirt, Marie, Greencastle, uid. 

Hirt, Sarah, Greencastle. Ind. 

Horner, Meta, Medaryvillejind. 

Hites, Mrs. Ella Farthing, Clarksburg, Ind. 

Hollingsworth. Mrs. Myrtle Wilder, wasil, Ind. 

Jackson, Ethel. Greencastle, Ind. 

Jamison, Mrs. Pearl Armitam, Warren, Ind. 

•Jaques, Retta W., Owensville, Ind. 

Jennings, Mamie Ada, Newcastle, Ind. 

•Jones, Agnes, Reese's Mills. Ind. 

Jones. Mary L. E., Terre Hante, Ind. 

Jones. Mrs. Anna Aufustus, Puis, 111. 

Keenan, Mrs. Bessie Grooms, Leroy, 111. 

Lank, Elmina, Greencastle, Ind. 

Lathrope, Emma, Delphi. Ind. 

lAtimer, Bessie, Aubumoale, Man. 

I^onard. Estelle, 127 W. 12th St. ancinnati, O. 

Lightfoot, Mrs Marguerite Smith. RnahTlUe, Ind 

Link, Mrs. Maud Rude. Paris, m. 

Little, Carrie. Pine Village, Ind. 

l/ockridffe. Elisabeth, Greencastle, Ind. 

'^'Malev, Maud, Edinburg, Ind. 

•Martin, Dema, Newton, Ind. 

Marshall, Zella Lesa. Centralia, 111. 

*May, Cora, EUettsville. Ind 

McCurdy. Mrs Annie Bunger. Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

McRevnolds, Katharine H., Washington, D. a 

Meredith, Eva R., Muncie, Ind. 


The I/i/re. 


^Meaerye, Maude. Robinson, 111. 
Miller, Alberta, Richmond, Ind. 
Miller, Emma C, Greencaatle, Ind. 
•Misenier, Myrtle. Hnntington, Ind. 
Montgomery, Nellie. 
Moore, Lillum K, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Morgan, Mr«. Isabel Shafer, West port, Ind. 
Morse, Estelle A.. Wabash, Ind. 
^Murphy, Florence, Wabash, Ind. 
Neff. Mrs. Libbic Price, Portland, Ind. 
*Nickle, Emma, Winfleld, Ind. 
<0'Dell, Edith, Follerton, Neb. 
O'Detl, Helen C, O'Dell. Ind. 
0*Dell, Mayme B., O'Dell, Ind. 
Offtatt, Mrs. Rhoda Gary. Henderson, Ind. 
Oabum, Era, Shelbum, Ind. 
•Parker, Lorette, Shelbyyllle, Ind. 
Parkhurst, Lulu, Bourbon. Ind. 
Parrett. Bearie. Patoka, md. 
Patton. Elma. Milroy. Ind. 
Paul, Grace. Indianapolis, Ind. 
Feck, Ella G., Greencastle, Ind. 
^PhiUips, Delia, CoatesyiUe, Ind. 
•Plested, Edith, Roble Hali, Stanford Univer- 
sity, Galifomia. 
^Powell, Mrs. Blate Frash, Wabash, Ind. 
<'Power, Grace, Biilroy. Ind. 
Pollen. Mrs. Grace Wilson, Centralis, 111. 
Reed, Kate, Newtown. Ind. 
Rice, Helen Dalrrmple, 183 Park At Ind'ps, Ind. 
^Rowland, Maud, Covington, Ind. 
Rowley, Adeline Whitney, Onarga, 111 
fRupp, Valverde. Terre Haute, Ind. 
*Ruan, Louie, Warren. Ind. 
Rnssel, Cora. Mound City. Mo. 
Rntledge, Mildred, State St., Springfield, 111. 
Ryan. Anna. 
Scott, Lena, Anderson, Ind. 

Shaffer, Minnie. Windsor, 111. 

Shaw, Pearl, Sardinia, Ind. 

Shannon, Mrs. Margaret lAthrope, Alexandria. 

Smedley, Mrs. Leah Walker, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Smith, Mrs. Anna Allen, Greencastle, Ind. 

Smith, Edith, Maryville, Mo. 

Smith, Mrs. Katherine Power. Moore's Hill, Ind. 

«Stanfield, Olive, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Steele. Ida, Greenfield, Ind. 

Sterrit, Anna Vae, Logansport, Ind. 

Stevenson, Mrs. Vallie VanSandt, Carbon, Ind. 

<^tonecypher, Mrs. Donna Williamson, Ind'ps. 

Sype, Mrs. Olive Ferris, 828 N. Main St. Rockford, 

Taggart, Mrs. Florence Thompson, Indianapolis. 
Taggert, Laura, Dallas, Texas. 
Taggert, Cora, Dallas, Texas. 
Thomnson, Blrs. Ella H., London, England. 
ThomDurg, Myrtle, Winchester, Ind. 
Tingley, Flora, Marion, Ind. 
Tinsley, Josephine, Deaconess Home, Toronto, 

Ullyette, Louise J , Centr<ilia, 111. 
Vaught, Ruth, Lebanon, Ind. 
^Wamsley, Gertrude, Nokomis, 111. 
Warren, Mrs. Minnie McUiU, Watseka, 111. 
Waugh, Pearl, Tipton. Ind. 
Weissel, Mrs. Leia Beil, Blufllon, Ind. 
Whisand. Mrs. Flora Van Dyke, Ashmore, 111. 
Wilhite, Mrs. Mary E.. Danville, Ind. 
Wilbon, Dora, Goodland. Ind. 
Wilson, Mrs. Daisy Steele, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Wilson, Mary Janet, Greencastle, Ind. 
Windle. Mrs. Jessie Heiney, Huntington, Ind. 
Woods, Lydla Belle. Farmersburg. Ind. 
Wood, Feme, 106 Powell Ave., EvansviUe, Ind. 
Yates, Flora, Stillwater, Minn. 

Sand, Mrs. Otto, Albion, Mich. 



White, Myrtie E., Chicago, 111. 

Allen, AlU Mae, 601 B Erie St., Albion, Mich. Calkins, Ethel J., 407 E. Porter St.. 

AUen, Mrs. Minnie McKeand, Albion, Mich. 

Armstroiig, Grace, Forty Fort. Pa. Childs, Marion, Calumet, Mich. 

Annstrong, Mrs. Lillian Kirk, Jackson, Mich. Colby, Mrs. Martha Reynolds, Jackson, Mich. 

Armstrong, Maude, 510 Twelfth St.. Detroit, M. Collins, Mabel, Bellaire. Mich. 

Austin, Lida, Sault St. Marie, Mich. Crittenden, Emma, Jackson, Mich. 

Austin, Mrs. Irene Clark, Superior St.. <<?ro8by, Lena, Lansing, Mich. 

Albion, Mich. Cushman, Mrs. Janette Allen, Teconsha, Mich. 

Avery, Elizabeth, Phelps, Ontario Co., N. Y. Cushman. Jessie, Three Rivers, Mich. 

^Bailey. Florence, Cass St., Albion, Mich. <<:u.ster, Elizabeth, Pana, 111. 

Baum, Lina B., 211 E. Erie St, Albion, Mich. DavidHon, Eusebia, Port Huron, Mich. 

Baom, Nellie Irene, 311 E. Erie St., Dickie, Clarissa, 501 E. Erie St.. Albion, Mich. 

Albion, Mich. Dickie, Ada, 601 E. Erie St., Albion, Mich. 

Billinghurst, Ida, Muskegon. Mich. -^Dickie, Mamie, 501 E. Erie St.. Albion, Mich. 

Birchard, Louise, Cambridgel)oro, Pa. Dickinson, Jennie E., 860 Niagara St., 
Brackenridge, Beatrice, 256 Erie St^ Buffalo, N. Y. 

Cleveland, O. Disbrow, Grace, Hudson, Mich. 

Brown, Berta, Plainwell, Mich. Dissette, Fannie, Perry St., Albion, Mich. 

Buck, Gertrude, Ironwood. Mich. Dunbar, Mrs. Blanche Bryant, Parma, Mich. 

Brown, Grace. Albion, Mich Eggleston, Kittle, MarshaJl, Mich. 

Bundy, Blanche. Chicago, HI. Eggleston, Nina. Marshall, Mich. 

Butler, Mabel, North Branch, Mich. Fairchild, Minnie, Three Rivers, Mich. 


The JJyre, 

Ix. Homer, Mich, 

omb. Leavenworth, Kl 

•FoMer, Mabel. E. PorMr St , Albion, Mich. 
(iufleld, Mn. Marian Hovlctt, Superior Bt. 

AlblOD, Mich. 
"tiDOdenow, Malile B., MlchtgaTi An.. 

Albion, Mlcl 
tGallch, Mre. Ilaltte Lovejor. 
Unnnela, Dorothy W., Hot?! Mad I ion, 

Toledo, Ohli 
Hftll, Un. Flora Adgau. Ionia Uich, 
IlandT, Allda. W. Ust Cltj, Mich. 
Harrington. Cora, JacksoD, Mich. 
Harria, Mrs. Kathryn Brandon, Gambler, Ohl< 
Hoag, Florence, 2110 Collingwood Are., 

Kinsman, Ethel, Calumet. Miol 
Lan*. Loulee, Manhall. Mich. 
lAudig.Mn. Lulu Keller. Ktndf 

Albion, Mich. 
OTCjoy, Nellie Valentine, I.adington. Mich, 
olt. Mrs. Gertrude Falrchlld. 

Three Rlvern, "' 

s. Delia Moiwn, Minneapolis, Minn. 
't, JHJacor;'- '" 

Albion, liiich. 

1. Dorolbr, Macomb, HI. 

Mills, Mra Qlcnuaf , 

(.xrand Kapida. Uleh, 
Miner, May. ITnion City, Mich. 
Mitchell. Bay, tlay Cily, Mich. 
'MOKhcr, Haritaret, MIc'higan Ave,, 

Mary, Krie St., Albfon. Alch. 

Ferine, EJuHie, Erie St., Albion. Mich. 
Phelpi, Emma, (^reaoo, Mich. 
I-ratl. Eva, Boston, Mas. 
'■Ramidell, Netlle. Erie St , Albion, Mli 
Reynolds, Mra. Florence Delendort, 

Beynolds, RaUle, Japt:siin. Uich. 

Kogcrs. Daisy. Medina. Mich. 

Seotlen, Anna. Detroll, Mich. 

^htchan. Kathleen. Lockpori, N. Y. 

Sbedd, M™. I'carlFrambea.anmdRBpl'lB.Mich. 

Shatwell, Clan, Detroit, Mich. 

Simpson. Km, Naahville. Tpnn. 

Smith, BvUc, Qrand Rapid!, Uich. 

Smith, Llbble, Marshall, Hich. 

Snell. Maud, Elgin. HI. 

Snell, Daisy, Coldwalcr, Mich. 

Spenee. U». Ulnnle Uwli, UbcrilD.Ohlo. 

Sheldon, Loulac. Eaton Raplda, Mlcb. 

Bpruue, Delia. Kalamaaoo, Mich. 

T^fll. BeiolB. Mn Merrick Ave . Detroit. Uich. 

Thomaii, Urs. Kellle fimlth. Ht. Clair. Mich. 

Tlney. Eva Manoll, Stlttaville, Mlcb. 

Tiiirniiend. Mrs. Belle Ulllec, Champaign. 111. 

Travis, Cora, Traveme C^ity, UicJi. 

Valentine, M™. Cora Bliai, LaojrtnR, Mich, 

Wauwn, Myrtle. Cedar Hprinn, Mich, 

Welch, Winifred, Homer. UHrh 

Whitcomb. Rose Abcrnathy, Pbiladelphia, I^ 

Willie, Orpha. Onondago. Uich. 

WoKo, Vit. Mamie Barrli, Flint. Mich. 

Woodhams. Florence, Ptalnwelt. Uich. 

Wood worth, Ora, Bldwell, SU. Albion, U. 

Wortbington, Jennie, Ulchtgan An., Albion, M. 

Albion. Mich. 



)rge A., Dulvcralty Place, El 


Abbott, Mtb. Carrie Woods. Schuyler, 
Beckett. Minnie, Chicago, III. 
Bellows. Arta Mae. Maryville, Mo, 

CElolan. Marguerite, 
rovrn. Mra. Leila Skelloo, Appleton, 
tllurdick. Mae. 

(Chester, Mrs. lAuraBudlon»[,llawmnr 
ChaH^, Theodora, 2ilUS<irrington Avi 

k'Hiu, lirai-e, 1310 Michigan A 
rans, Jeanette, St. Iliiil. Mliin. 

Uayi, Mrs. Edith Jordan, 

ft2S HamllD St.. EvanHOD, III. 

Hanson. Cordelia, a H7 8^ ■ — 

Hanson. Emma, ■an Shern 


1, Florei 

>mbic. Helen.'l' 
uarable, Mrs, - — 

e. RocheHe, HI. 

Eva&Kiui, I 

Evanaion. UL 

_.. _. III. 

iioiurook, Carrie, IS23 Hlnman Ave., 

Evanatou. tU. 

Hough, .lane. Jackson, Mich. 
Hough, BeulaU. Jackson. Mlcb. 
Hughea, Blanche, MS Hlaman Ave., 

EranMon, lU, 
KIndade, Agalha.Lenark, IH. 
Larson.Mra, Bessie G.Hamllne, 81. Paul, Minn. 
Llllyblade, Ethel. '.!7SS Ullpin St.. Denver. Co). 
Mulford. Suianna, New York Cltj. 
Mariin, Amv BalatoD.Mlnn. 
Uclntyre. Allldred. Uemphls. Tenn. 
M4'<'orkk-. Atheeua, Indianapolis, Ind. 
<i-<good, Urs. Mar)' Sallerfleld, Manelllea, HI. 

The Jjyre. 


Parkinson. Eleanor, Mt Carmel, 111. 

Patrick. Eliaabeth, DesMoinea, lowa. 

Porter, €k>melia. Baraboo. Wis. 

^Pratt, Mabel, DesMoines, Iowa. 

Richie, Mrs. Lizzie Stein, Walla Walla, Wash. 

Richardson, Grace, 100 Bnena Ave., 

Buena Park, 111. 
Richardson, Adolime, Oklahoma. 
ReisinK. Pearl. 

Sabin, Mrs. Loin Pratt, Fargo. N. Dakota. 
Scales, Katherine, 8 Kenesan Terrace, 

Bnena Park, lU. 
Schmidt, Mrs Esther Qrannis, Mankato, Minn. 
Scott, Gena, McGregor, Iowa. 
.Seegers. Cora, 1944 Oakdale Ave., Chicago. 
Stxickler, Barbara, Lanark. 111. 
Strong, Ella, Wankegan, HI. 

Stevens. Irene, 528 Greenwood Boulevard, 

Evanston, 111. 

Siller, Lillian, 831 Foster St , Evanston. 111. 

Siller, Mabel, 881 Foster St., Evanston, m. 

Skiff. Blanche, " The Plasa." Chicago, 111. 

Stanford, Mary, 1888 Sheridan Road, 

Evanston, m. 

Tyre, Valeria, Lebanon, Ind. 

Vaughn, Mayte, Deadwood, 8. Dakota. 

Walker, Mary, Chicago, 111. 

Wayman, Mrs. ElFleoa Coleman, Muskogee, 

Indian Territory. 

Wemple, Leona, Waverly. 111. 

Williams, Mrs. Maude wimmer, Avenue House, 

Evanston, 111. 

Weller, Mrs. Jenette Marshall, Omaha, Neb. 

Young, Ella S.. 1246 Forest Ave., Evanston, 111. 


Hull, Mrs. Juvia O., 1006 State St., Erie, Pa. Pinney, Miss Mary Reno, New York City. 


Baker, Katherine, Spring Creek, Pa. 

Barber. Margaret B., MeadeviUe, Pa. 

Bamaby, L. Fay. Meadville, Pa. 

Bates, Florence, Meadville, Pa. 

Beyer. Mabel, Punxsutawney, Pa. 

Blodgett. Lucile, Younssville, Pa. 

Bright, Evelyn, Greenville, Pa. 

Brown, Mrs. Antoinette Snyder, Meadville, Pa. 

Byers, Frances, Cooperstown, Pa. 

Chase. Belle, Greenville, Pa. 

Churcn, Ajmes Pearson, Meadville, Pa. 

Cowan, Lillian, Apollo, Pa. 

Cribbs, Bertha, South OU City. Pa. 

Dick. MrS(John, Meadville, Pa. 

Eastman, Flora, Meadville. Pa. 

Edsall. Helen. Elmira. N. Y. 

Evans. Sara. Greenville, Pa. 

Fair, Lu, South Oil City, Pa. 

tFoote, Mary. 

Graham, May T.. Meadville, Pa. 

Hammond, Grace, Meadville, Pa. 

Hollister, Mrs. Carrie Gaston. Cochran ton, Pa. 

Harper, Florence, Meadville, Pa. 

Home, Jennie Arzella, Greenville, Pa. 

Irvin, Rebie Flood, Sitka, Alaska. 

Johnson. Mrs. Effle Sherred, Grveuvllle. Pa. 

Kiefer, Elsie, 858 Lincoln Ave , Bellevuc, Pa. 

Krick, Ruby E., Connesmtville. Pa. 

Laffer, Mr<. Gertrude Sackett, Meadville, Pa. 

Lenhart, Ada, Meadville, Pa. 

Lord, Mary C. Meadville, Pa. 

Maxwell, C. Maud, South Oil City, Pa. 

McAllister. Elisabeth B.. West Newton. Pa. 

McOill, Mrs. Jene Robion, Lakeriew, Cal. . 

McMahon. Mrs. Ella Jack, Apollo, Pa. 

McMasters, Jennie Elynne, Adamsville, Pa. 

McMuUen, Lois £., 180 Center Ave., Aurora, 111. 

Merchant, Jessie, Meadville, Pa: 

Moore, Edith, Cochranton, Pa. 

Moyer, M. Alta, Meadville, Pa. 

^Nichols, Helen. Spring Creek. Pa. 

Ogden, Jennie Medora, M^ulville, Pa. 

Ogden. Gertrude Helen, Meadville, Fa. 

Orris, Helen, Meadville, Pa. 

opatton, Elisabeth E.. Hartstown, Pa. 

Pendleton, Flora B., Mannington, W. Va. 

Pickard, Fern, Jamestown, N. Y. 

Porter, Susanna, Meadville, Pa. 

Porter, Juvenilia O., Meadville, Pa. 

Porter, Virginia, South Oil City, Pa. 

Ramsey, Mrs. Bird Knight, Jamestown, N. Y. 

Ray, Anna C, Meadville, Pa. 

Rea, Harriett Lillian, Cory don, Iowa. 

Robson, Mrs. Harriett Veith, Ovid. Mich. 

Robinson. Mrs. Mae Bredin. Erie, Pa. 

Roddy. Edith J., Meadville, Pa. 

Sackett, Bertha, Meadville. Pa. 

Seiple, Mrs. Charlotte W., New Brighton, Pa. 

Sheldon, Myrtle. 

Stevenson, Blanche, Utica, Pa. 

Tate, Zannie Patton, Marseilles, 111. 

Tinker, EtU May, Wabash. Ind. 

Tyler, Elizabeth R., Meadville, Pa. 

White, Evelyn Theo., Elmira, N. Y. 

Wilson, Adelaide M., Guy's Mills, Pa. 

Wilson, Mrs. Elizabeth Tate. Boise City, Idaho. 

Winana, Mrs. Esther Rich, New Brighton, Pa. 



The I/yre. 

Barrinffer. Oliye, Los Aiureles, Cal. 
Barton, Nellie, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Cook, Margaret, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Davis, Jessie L , Los Angeles, Cal. 
Qothard. Ina, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Green, Nellie, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Hardwiclc, Suanna, Erie, Pa. 
Hoppin, Delia. Ventura, Cal. 
Johns, Lola, Riverside, Cal. 


Keep, Cornelia, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Kepner, Etha, Lemon, Cal. 
Mann. Alice. Phoenix, Ariz. 
McArthar, Myrtle, Los Angles, Cal. 
Millard, Ora, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Parker, Flora, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Phelps, Bertha, Los Angeles, Cal. 
VanCleve, Mrs. N. Louise, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Whltton, Lillian, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Armstrong, Mary, Bov^Iln^ Oreen, Kv. 
Ball, Mrs. Susan Ann Lewis, Boston, Ma^u. 
Barnard, Helen, Kennet Square, Pa. 
Brandenburg, Olga. 00 Congress St., Boston. 
Buchanan, Bertha Thompson, Marion, Ind. 
Campbell, Florence Wheat, Lima, Ohio. 
Cleveland, Alma Stewart, Houston, Tex. 
Collins, Helen Maud, Rochester, Biinn. 
Elliott, Esther E., 927 North St., Logansport. Ind 
Ellis, Elsie Louise, Brookfleld, Mass. 
Evans, Nel'ie Durand, Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Evans, Anita D., Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Farnum, Emma Faye, McGregor, Iowa. 
Farel, Sadie Marie, Titusviile, Pa. 
Howe, Laura Amelia, 701 North St., 

Logansport, Ind. 
Johnson, Mary W^son, Raleigh, N. C. 
Johnson, LiUa B , Americus, Ga. 
Johnson, Mrs. Viola Truell, Piainfleld, N. J. 

Kidd, Mary Carson, Houston. Texas. 
Liflin, Helen Margaret, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Lewis. Lora Stacey, State Public School, 

Owatoma, Miss. 
Mayo, Elisabeth Blanche, Dunkirk. N. Y. 
Manchester, Edith H , 84 Combstock Ave.. 

Providence, R. I. 
McFarlane, Estelle H., 1773 WllliamsSt., Denver 
McNair, Jessie Jo., Brookhaven, Miss. 
Parker, Alice Frances, Concord, N. H. 
Patterson, Mary A., St. Albans, vt. 
Prince, Edith S., Carlisle. P». 
Rennyson, Gertrude Margaret, Philadelphia, Pa 
Sigoumey, Belle Mauross, Bristol. Conn. 
Snyder, Agnes E., Pniladelphla, Pa. 
Spencer, Irene,White Sulphur Springs. Montana 
Vass, Eleanor Margaret. Raleiffn, N. C. 
Upcraft, Margaret Elizabeth, Oswega, N. Y. 
Wood, Jessie Belle, Chicago, 111. 


Bartol, Belle, Lewisburg, Pa. PauUin, Mrs. Ida List, Cedarville, New Jersey. 

Gilbert, Amy, St Davids^elaware Co.. Pa. Steiner, Jessie, Lewisburg, Pa. 

Kerstetter, Mrs. Fannie Woods, Lewisburg, Pa. 


Zeitz, Mrs. Herman, Ann Arbor, Mich. 


Bartholomew, Winifred, Charlevoix, Mich. 
Clark, Martha, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Condon, Lydia, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Daniel, Marion Alberta. Jackson, Mich. 
♦Fisk, Ethel, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Fisk, Virginia, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Koch, Flora, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
McKenzie, Rachel, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Montague, Gertrude, Traverse City. Mich. 
Spense, Florence I., Ann Arbor, Mich. 

* Pledged, 
t Deceased. 

This list is as nearly correct as could be made from our roll. Any 
information which can be furnished by a reader as to change of address 
will assist in making our future lists. 


V u 

Tiuo^.'i''- — 



Alpha, DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana. 

Beta, Albion College, Albion, Michigan. 

Gamma, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. 

Delta, . . . Pennsylvania College of Music, Meadville, Pennsylvania. 
Epsilon, . University of Southern California, I^os Angeles, California. 

Zeta, New England Conservatory, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Eta, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. 

Theta, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 



President, Raeburn Cowger, Alpha. 

Vice President Winifred Bartholomew, Theta. 

Secretary Ethel Eggleston, Zeta. 

Treasurer Gertrude Ogden, Delta. 


Alpha, Elmena Lank 

Beta, Lina Baum, 211 E. Erie St. 

Gamma, Blanche Hughes, 649 Hinman Ave. 

Delta, L. Fay Barnaby, North Park Ave. 

Epsilon, Jessie Leone Davis, 2904 Vermont Ave. 

Zeta, Lucy G. Andrews, New England Conservatory. 

Eta, Belle Bartol. 

Theta, ! Marion Alberta Daniel. 



Fannie Bloomfield»Zeisler, 

568 East Division Street, 

Chicago, Illinois 

niss Neally Stevens, 

Concert Pianist. 

Alameda County, 

Residence, San Lorenzo. 


Maud Powell, 


40 West Twentieth Street, 

New York City. 

riarie Decca, 

Prima Donna, 

Opera, Oratorio, Concert, Etc. 

Address, Care the Musical Courier, New York* 




ALPHA Chi Omega 

VOL. IV. JULY, 1899. NO. 2. 


[Untutored impressions upon hearing for the first time Wagner's " Meistersinger," as played i^ , 
the Mozart Club of Boston.] 

" I am lost ! 
Around me grewsome shadows grow, 
AdvanciDg) menace, while I wait 
In chilled expectancy ! 
And Terror, clothed in awful clinging folds, 
Doth stalk beside me, like a fate. 
And see! The shadows deeper grow, 
An ominous sound fills all the air 
And fearful shapes in vast array, 
In maddening whirl surge 'round me, 
Laughing, with deathless mirth. 
Ah! I smother! Is there no escape ? 
No hand outstretched to save, 
No arm made brave? 
They bear me down — they crush me! 
Ah-^ ! 

*^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^p 

^^* ^^» ^^^ ^T* ^^^ 

This silence! Even the shadows, 


C ,'^-> V W^ 

The I/yre. 

Specters of a ghostly Past, 

Are stilled, and I am alone, 

Save for Terror, now of himself a part. 

Crouches sullen by my side. 

Not one pale eye of light 

Doth o'er me bend. 

Is this the yawning brink 

Of some vast shoreless Night 

Where doomed souls like me 

Bend parching lips to drink 

From a dead gray sea ? 

Or, is it listen, aye, 

What folly ! Who shall hear 

My anguish measured by one cry? 

Yet, e'en though Heaven itself 

Should belch forth anger 

That the rocks might fear, 

I will listen, and mayhap call. 

Ah ! I hear one soft, faint note 

Of music swell, and grow 

More plaintive, now appealing. 

Sobbing out some song of woe. 

Is that the cry of some new soul 

Born into this fearful gloom ? 

And list! the music dying 

Like the wind-harp sighing 

Sweet and low, — 

And a subtle perfume stealing 

Like unseen breathing, through a treeless breeze. 

Forgot is woe, as long I listen, 

But methinks of Terror close beside me. — 

lio! when I look, he doth, expiring. 

With one last faint fleeting breath 

Whisper — " Music brings thee rest," 

And he is gone. 

Gone into that endless night. 


The I/yre. 5 

Where night has touched that pale dead sea, 

I see a phantom ship just kiss the shore, 

And unseen arms are lifting me, 

While gently wafting o'er and o'er, 

Comes clearer, sweeter melody 

Than e'er I'd heard from earthly voices ringing. 

And while the ship with broadening sail 

Bears me through a sea of golden light, 

The song I do divine, nor even angel voices singing 

Could e'er devise a theme more rare 

Than that loved " Meistersinger." 

— Pearl Whitcomb-Henry. 

No great intellectual thing was ever done by great eflTort ; a great 
thing can only be done by a great man, and he does it without eflforL 


Above all music ought to be like poetry, and like all that is true, 
genuine, and grand : simple and unaffected, it ought to be the exacts 
true and natural expression of feeling. — Gluck. 

"A unique violin has been made by a Missouri man. The back id 
of cherry from a table more than a century old, which formerly be- 
longed to the Howard-Payne College. In the center of the back are in- 
serted twenty-one pieces of wood from the Holy Land, one being from 
a grapevine that grew in the Garden of Gethsemane. Around the mar- 
gin are set in a row small pieces of wood, diamond-shaped, gathered from 
all over the civilized world. In one end of the back is inserted a horse- 
shoe made of castor wood, and in the other end is the image of a rabbit 
carved in cherry. There are, in all, over one hundred and fifty pieces 
of wood, and the only tools used in the manufacture of the instrument 
were a pocket knife and a half-inch chisel." 


The Lyre. 

The X/jfre. 


If all the world's a stt^e and one man in his tiinc plays many parts, 
we cau boast that one of the great actors of to-day played his school- 
boy part at old Allegheny. Why, four years ago, did ten thousand 
people throng the streets of this quiet college town? Why did they 
crowd into the college church and stand for hourn on a hot June day ? 
Why waa that deafening applause after the president had announced 
the speaker of the day? Why? 


It was to greet one small man, yet this same man was soon to enter 
the greatest presidential race of the century. It was to greet William 
McKialey. It was to greet a former student who had returned after 
many years, a distinguished visitor, to celebrate the eightieth anniver- 
sary of his alma mater. Allegheny is one of the oldest colleges west of 
the Allegheny Mountains. It was founded in 1S15, the first college 
building, now known as Bentley Hall, being erected in 1320. 

8 The I/yre, 

Thia year there are 300 students in college and 155 in the Coneerva- 
tory, making a total of 455. The College Campas embraces sixteen 
acres. It is well shaded and for natural beauty is unsurpassed. The 
buildings, situated at the top of College Hill, are five in number. There 
is Bentley Hall and Wilcox Hall of Science. Then there is Hulings Hall 
where the out-of-town girls are domiciled, and Ruter Hall in which is 
the chapel, the library and the 
museum. Lastly is the belo^'ed, 
honored, much-respected Gym 
and back of the Gym is Athletic 
Field where lovers of base-ball 
and foot-ball congregate. 

One of the most attractive 
features of the College this year 
has been the enthusiastic interest 
in athletics felt by all, from Presi- 
dent to Prep. The foot-ball 
team made a good showing in 
the fall, and the winter months 
brought with them many vic- 
tories for basket-ball. Honors 
were won in this game by both 
young men and women, the 
men's team capturing the inter- 
Since the base-ball 


season has come, the collie t«am 
has borne a matchless record in 
the histiiry of Allegheny. They made a triumphal march through 
Ohio playing five colleges. Within a few days they have won two 
flames from Washington and Jefferson College at Washington, Pa. 
This year of conquest has promoted an admirable college spirit sup- 
planting fraternity rivalry which has run high. The fraternity world 
is well represented here. 

Phi Kappa Psi was first established. Phi Gamma Delta, Delta Tau Delta, 
Siftina Alpha Epsilon and Phi Delta Theta soon followed. Kappa Alpha 
Tlieta, Kappa Kappa Gamma and Alpha Chi Omega came in later. 

I%e I/yre, d 

Our fraternity home ia in the Conservatory which is down town. 
Last September the name was changed to the Pennsylvania College oi 
Music. To those who love 
to ponder over that ques- 
tion, " What'e in a name ? ", 
we will tell you, "Every- 
thing," for to us it will al- ^^^ 
ways be the Conservatory. 
For many years the Con- 
servator}' has been under 
the direction of Mrs. Juvia 

0. Hull. This fall it passes powerhoise. 

into other hands and three members of the new faculty are Alpha Chis. 

Commencement days will soon be here and another chapter will be 

The past year is now but a memory. We are sorry it is over yet we 
trust that something has been accomplished. May our future years be 
as useful and happy. Grace Hammond. 



10 The Ijyre, 



If we study the history of poetry during the period 1730-1832, we 
will find the treatment of the subject of nature occupied a prominent 
place in the works of the great poett?. Nature is considered not merely 
as a background for the pictures of human life, but as a subject in 
itself worthy of the poet's art. Not only the external scenes are de- 
scribed, but also the feelings and emotions resulting from contact with 
them. Foremost among these poets of Nature are Shelley and Words- 
worth, and we will find a comparative study of their ideas on this sub- 
ject very interesting. 

From what we have already learned of the life and character of 
Shelley, and the peculiarities of his work we may be prepared to under- 
stand his attitude toward nature as shown in his poems. In order ta 
treat the subject effectively we must expect the poet to be *4n touch" 
with it. We find Shelley a true lover of nature. *'I love," he writes, 

"The fresh earth in new leaves dressed, 
And the starry night ; 
Autumn evening and the morn 
When the golden mists are born. 
I love snow and all the forms 
Of the radiant frost ; 
I love waves, an4 winds, and storms — 
Everything almost 
Which is nature's, and may be 
Untainted by man's misery." 

He was keenly sensitive to the appearances of nature at different 
times and seasons. He was moved by the **hues and harmonies of 
evening." He tells us: 

'' The day becomes more solemn and serene 
When noon is past ; there is a harmony 
In autumn, and a lustre in its sky, 
Which in summer is not heard or seen." 

Then again: 

Noon descends around me now, 
'Tis the noon of autumn's glow. 
When a soft and purple mist, 


The Lyre. 11 

Like the vaporous amethyst, 
Or an air-dissolvM star, 
Mingling light and fragrance, far 
From the curved horizon's bound 
To the point of heavens profound, 
Fills the overflowing sky." 

We find Shelley continually referring to the music of nature. From 
the bells of the hyacinth he conceived of a music 

'' So delicate, soft and intense. 
It was felt like an odor within the sense." 

The guitar, made from a tree felled in winter, which thus "died in 

sleep and felt no pain," 

** Whispered in an enamoured tone, 
Sweet oracles of woods and dells. 
And summer winds in sylvan cells — 
For it had learnt all harmonies 
Of the plains and of the skies, 
Of the forests and the mountains, 
Of the many-voiced fountains ; 
The clearest echoes of the hills. 
The softest notes of falling rills, 
The melodies of birds and bees, 
The murmuring of summer seas. 
And pattering rain and breathing dew, 
And airs of evening ; and it knew 
That seldom-heard mysterious sound 
Which, driven on its diurnal round, 
As it floats through the boundless day. 
Our world enkindles on its way — 
All this it knows ; but will not tell 
To those who cannot question well 
The spirit that inhabits it." 

It was not merely the external features of nature that impressed 
Shelley, but something more — his love seemed to^be 

**A devotion to something afar 
From the sphere of our sorrow." 

Nature was to him alive and had a spirit and that spirit was a loving 
»pirit which harmonized the universe. To use his own expression: 

** I know that love makes all things equal ; 
I have heard 


12 The Ijyre. 


By mine own heart this joyous truth averred. 

The spirit of the worm beneath the sod, 

In love and worship blends itself with God." 

The "soul of the tall trees" was each a woodnymph. When Adonais 
died he was made one with nature and his voice was heard in all her 
music. His presence could be felt and known in darkness and in 
light from herb and stone; Nature had withdrawn his being to her own. 

** Which wields the world with never-wearied love. 
Sustains it from beneath and kindles it above." 

So taught Shelley. In his idea of a limng spirit in nature his belief 
was the same as Wordsworth's, but the former made it a loving spirit ; 
while the latter conceived of it as a thinking spirit. The treatment 
of Shelley was purely imaginative; of Wordsworth purely intellectual. 

In order to compare the faith of the two poets let us look for a mo- 
ment at Wordsworth's creed as expressed in his " Lines Written Above 
Tintem Abbey : " 

** For Nature then— 
The coarser pleasures of my boyish days 
And their glad animal moments all gone by — 
To me was all in all. I cannot paint 
What then I was. The sounding cataract 
Haunted me like a passion ; the tall rock, 
The mountain, and the deep and gloomy wood. 
Their colors and their forms were then to me 
An appetite, a feeling and a love 
That had no need of a remoter charm 
By thought supplied, nor any interest 
Unborrowed from the eye. That time is past, 
And all its aching joys are now no more. 
And all its dizzy raptures. Not for this 
Faint I, nor mourn nor murmur; other gifts 
Have followed, for such loss, I would believe, 
Abundant recompense. For I have learned 
To look on nature, not as in the hour 
Of thoughtless youth, but hearing oftentimes. 
The still, sad music of humanity. 
Nor harsh, nor grating, tho' of ample power 
To chasten and subdue. And I have felt 
A presence that disturbs me with the joy 
Of elevated thoughts ; a sense sublime 


The Ijyre. 13 

Of something far more deeply interfused 
Whose dwelling is the light of setting suns, 
And the round ocean and the living air 
And the blue sky, and in the mind of man — 
A motion and a spirit that impels 
All thinking things, all objects of all thought, 
And rolls through all things. Therefore, I am still 
A lover of the meadows and the woods 
And mountains, and of all that we behold 
From this green earth, of all the mighty world 
Of eye and ear, both what they half create 
And what perceive ; well pleased to recognize 
In nature and the language of the sense 
The anchor of my purest thoughts, the nurse, 
The guide, the guardian of my heart, and soul 
Of all my moral being. 

* * * Nature never did betray 

The heart that loved her ; 'tis her privilege, 
Through all the years of this our life, to lead 
From joy to joy ; for she can so inform 
The mind that is within us, so impress 
With quietness and beauty, and so feed 
With lofty thoughts, that neither evil tongues, 
Rash judgment, nor the sneers of selfish men, 
Nor greetings where no kindness is, nor all 
The dreary intercourse of daily life. 
Shall e'er prevail against us, or disturb 
Our cheerful faith that all which we behold 
Is full of blessings. Therefore let the moon 
Shine on thee in thy solitary walk. 
And let the misty mountain winds be free 
To blow against thee." 

We find here a belief in a living spirit which communicates to the 
mind of the poet. It appeals to his intellect and inspires thought. It 
is a teacher, for she "can so inform the mind within us, so impress 
with quietness and beauty, and so feed with lofty thoughts" that we 
believe "that all which we behold is full of blessings. 

It was with a quiet contemplative spirit Wordsworth communed 
with nature. Not so with Shelley. It is from an emotional stand- 
point he gives us his nature poems. The nature spirit appealed to his 


14 The I/yre. 

feelings. It wielded the world with never wearied love, sustained it 
from beneath and kindled it above, as he tells us in Adonais; 
when in its presence he felt a tranquilizing influence and was carried 
away with an ecstacy of pleasure. 

Another marked difierence is that Wordsworth never loses sight of 
the material form, while with Shelley it is usually forgotten. He spir- 
itualizes the material objects of nature. Wordsworth could describe 
minutely natural objects and receive their lessons as from themselves. 
The homely celandine was to him but a simple common flower. 

"Comfort have thou of thy merit, 
Kindly, unassuming spirit! 
Careless of thy neighborhood. 
Thou dost show thy pleasant face 
On the moor and in the wood. 
In the lane — there's not a place. 
Howsoever mean it be. 
But 'tis good enough for thee." 

The nature spirit gave a personality to each object. Each little 

flower was to him a friend. The daisy, the '^unassuming commonplace 

of nature, with that homely face" was "a friend at hand to scare his 


"A hundred times by rock or bower, 
Ere thus I have lain couched an hour, 
Have I derived from thy sweet power 

Some apprehension, 
Some steady love, some brief delight. 
Some memory that had taken flight. 
Some chime of fancy, wrong or right, 
Or stray invention. 

If stately passions in me burn. 

And one chance look to thee should turn, 

I drink out of an humbler urn 

A lowlier pleasure — 
The homely sympathy that heeds 
The common life our nature breeds, 
A wisdom fitted to the needs 

Of hearts at leisure." 

And again he says to the same flower: 

'* Bright./fowyr/ for by that name at last, 


The Jjyre. 15 

When all my reveries are past, 
I call thee and to that cleave fast ! 
Sweet, silent creature, 

That breath'st with me in sun and air, 
Do thou, as thou art wont, repair 
My heart with gladness and a share 
Of thy meek nature ! " 

Compare this with Shelley's poem, " The Sensitive Plant." It is not 
the material flower about which the poet writes, but the spiritualized 
flower. He treats of the spiritual nature which he ascribes to the 
plant raising it above the common material world. 

** A Sensitive Plant in a garden grew ; 
And the young winds fed it with silver dew ; 
And it opened its fanlike leaves to the light. 
And closed them beneath the kisses of night. 

And the spring arose on the garden fair, 
Like the spirit of Love felt everywhere ; 
And each flower and herb on earth's dark breast 
Rose from the dream of its wintry rest. 

But none ever trembled and panted with bliss. 
In the garden, the field or the wilderness, 
Like a doe in the noontide with love's sweet want, 
As the companionless Sensitive Plant. 

But the Sensitive Plant, which could give small fruit 
Of the love which it felt from the leaf to the root, 
Received more than all ; it loved more than ever. 
Where none wanted but it, could belong to the giver. 


For the Sensitive plant has no bright flower ; 
Radiance and odor are not its dower ; 
It loves even like Love — its deep heart is full : 
It desires what it has not — the beautiful. 


The light winds which, from unsustaining wings, 
Shed the music of many murmurings ; 


16 The Lyre. 

The beams which dart from many a star 
Of the flower whose hues they bear afar ; 


The plumM insects sw^ift and free — 
Like golden boats on a sunny sea, 
Laden with light and odor — which pass 
Over the gleam of the living grass ; 

The unseen clouds of the dew which lie 
Like Are in the flowers till the sun rides high, 
Then wander like spirits among the spheres. 
Each cloud faint with the fragrance it bears ; 

The quivering vapors of dim noontide 
Which like a sea o'er the warm earth glide 
In which every sound and odor and beam 
Moves as reeds in a single stream ; — 

Each and all like ministering angels were 
For the Sensitive plant sweet joy to bear, 
Whilst the lagging hours of the day went by 
Like windless clouds o'er a tender sky. 


And when evening descended from heaven above, 
And the earth was all rest and the air was all love. 
And delight though less bright was far more deep, 
And the day's veil fell from the world of sleep, — 


And the beasts and the birds and the insects were drowned 
In an ocean of dreams without a sound. 
Whose waves never mark, though they ever impress 
The light sand which paves it, consciousness ; — 

Only overhead the sweet nightingale 
Ever sang more sweet as the day might fail. 
And snatches of its Elysian chant 
Were mixed with the dreams of the Sensitive Plant. 

The Sensitive Plant was the earliest 
Up-gathered into the bosom of rest ; 


The Lyre. 17 

A sweet child weary of its delight, 
The feeblest and yet the favorite, 
Cradled within the embrace of Night." 

The second part of the poem gives a no less idealized and spiritual- 
ized picture of the lady who tended the garden: 

A lady, the wonder of her kind, 
Whose form upborne by a lovely mind 
Which, dilating, had moulded 
Her mien and motion 

Like a sea flower unfolded beneath the ocean, 
Tended the garden from morn to even. 
She had no companion of mortal race ; 
But her tremulous breath and blushing face 
Told, whilst the moon kissed the sleep from her eyes. 
That her dreams were less slumber than paradise. 

As if some bright spirit for her sweet sake. 
Had deserted heaven while the stars were awake ; 
As if yet around her he lingering were. 
Though the veil of daylight concealed him from her . 

I doubt not the Howers of that garden sweet 
Rejoiced in the sound of her gentle feet ; 
I doubt not they felt the spirit that came 
From her glowing fingers through all their frame. 

This fairest creature from earliest spring 
Thus moved through the garden ministering 
All the sweet season of summertide ; 
And, ere the first leaf looked brown, she died." 

Part third describes the gradual decay of the flowers after the death 
of the fair lady who had been their soul : 


**The Sensitive Plant, like one forbid, 
Wept, and the tears within each lid 
Of its folded leaves, which together grew, 
Were changed to a blight of frozen glue. 


18 The Lyre. 


When winter had gone and spring came back, 
The Sensitive Plant was a leafless wreck." 

In the conclusion the poet states his belief that "the Sensitive 
Plant, or that which within its boughs like a spirit sat, ere its outward 
form had known decay" had never passed away. It was only the out- 
ward form by which it was known to us that had changed. 

*' That garden sweet, that lady fair, 
And all sweet shapes and odors there. 
In truth have never passed away ; 
'Tis we, 'tis ours have changed, not they. 
For love and beauty and delight. 
There is no death nor change.*' 

This spiritualization of nature marks all of Shelley's works. Whether 
he writes of the birds, the flowers, the clouds, the sky, the woods or 
the mountains, it is this loving essence or spirit that pervades them of 
which he treats ; this unifying principle of all things. For this reason 
he does not recognize personality; which was characteristic of Words- 
worth. Nor does he draw lessons of contentment and humility. As 
he looks upon nature he is filled with a yearning for a higher spiritual 
life free from the evils of this world. 

Similar to the difference in the treatment of the subject of nature by 
these poets, we will find a difference in their treatment of the subject of 
man. Wordsworth was led to a love for man through his love for 
nature. His love for nature was a personal love, so we find him inter- 
ested in the individual man. Shelley was not interested in the indi- 
vidual man, but in the abstract humanity. He conceived of a spirit of 
love in nature and in man. The final union of the two, and the state 
of bliss resulting is the subject presented in Prometheus Unbound. 
Prometheus is an incarnation of the spirit of love in man, and Asia an 
incarnation of the spirit of love in nature. 

Whatever may be said of Shelley's spiritualized and imaginative 
treatment of nature from any other point of view, it is certainly to be 
commended from a poetical standpoint. An exquisite loveliness per- 
vades all his nature poems; and this is due not merely to the techni- 


2¥ke L/ifre. ID 

calities of the verse, but to the imaginative and spiritual conceptions. 
It is said he had not the grasp of nature that Wordsworth had, but 
fould describe vividly, vast realms of landscape and cloud scenery. 
We can scarcely find a more sublime description than he gives of Mt. 

Is it not a highly poetical genius that presents to our minds visions 
of unseen clouds of dew which rest in the bright flowers until called 
forth by the bright sunbeams to wander through the air, **each cloud 
faint with the fragrance it bears," or, "mists like an air-dissolvM star." 
His poetry comes to us as an echo 

*'0f some world far from ours, 
Where music and moonlight and feeling are one." 

He has enriched the whole material world, and opened not only our 
eyes and ears, but also our minds and hearts to a new sense of its beauty. 

Mary Janet Wilson. 

The life of all that's good 
Is one perpetual progress. Every thought 

That strengthens, purifies, exalts the mind 
Betters the soul, so blessing. — Bailey. 

All great song, from the first day when human lips contrived sylla- 
bles, has been sincere song. — Ruskin. 

W^e are not sent into the world to do anything into which we cannot 
put our hearts. — Ruskin. 

Music is the essence of order, and leads to all that is good, just, and 
beautiful.— Plato. 

Think more of your own progress than of the opinion of others. 


20 The I/yre. 


The announcement is made of the engagement of Miss Lily E. 
Cramphorn to James Hamilton Howe. Miss Cramphorn is a native of 
Rochester, ^England, and has lately contributed largely to the raising of 
the musical standard of the San Jose Oratorio Societv. Mr. Howe is 
now conductor of the Philharmonic Orchestra of San Francisco. Both 
are studying now at Pacific Grove, where Mr. Howe is directing the 
Summer School of Music, and Miss Cramphorn is officiating as secre- 
tary. — Musical Courier. 

The Pennsylvania College of Music will, at the opening of the fall 
term, be located in the Chautauqua Building, Meadville, Pa,, and will 
occupy all of the structure at the corner of Park avenue and Center 
street, now used by the Chautauqua magazine. Oscar Franklin Corn- 
stock will be the musical director and Miss Elizabeth Reed Tyler the 
business director. The teaching force will be Mr. Comstock, piano, 
voice, organ and counterpoint; Miss Helen Edsall, pupil of Raif, Berlin, 
and of 0. B. Boise, of Berlin, piano, harmony, and song form ; Miss 
Mary Thorpe Graham, piano and sight singing; Miss Ruby Emelyne 
Krick, piano; Fred B. Nichols, pupil of Jacobson, violin; Lewis L. Lord, 
Jr., violincello and double bass; and Miss Gertrude Merchant, theory 
and harmony of music. — Musical Courier, 

A card from England says that Miss Maude Powell, the violinist,will 
play Tschaikowsky's concerto with Dr. Hans Richter and his orchestra, 
December 7th, next, and that the celebrated conductor is also arranging 
for Miss Powell to play at Vienna on a later date. — Musical Courier, 

*'A person who does not possess the gift of memory need not feel de- 
spondent on account of its absence; its possession is more a convenient 
than an essential feature of musical disposition." 

He who would do a great thing well must first have done the sim- 
plest thing perfectly. — Cady. 


The Lyre. 21 




PublUhed qaarterly by Alpha Chapter, Banner office, Greencastle, Ind. 

Subscription, 75 cents per year. Single copies, 20 cents. 

ADVERTISING RATES.— Full page, $10.00; half page, 16.00; auarter page. 18.00 each insertion 

All material for the next number must be in oy September 9ftth. 

Mary Janet Wiuson, Editor -in- cfM^. 

Raebvbn Cow(iER, Exchange Editor (Alpha). 

Associate Editobs. 

Alpha— Ruth V aught. Epsi Ion— Jessie Leone Davls 

Beta— Kate L. Calkins. Zeta— Lucy G. Andrews. 

Gamma— Stella Chambun. Eta— Belle Bartol. 

Delta— Grace Hammond. Theta— Alberta Daniel. 

Mildred Rutledoe, Subscription Agent and Treasurer. 

Vol. IV. GREENCASTLE, IND., JULY, 18W. No 11. 


•jaincuns siq*; siun^ppv m pv38 9sv9U sjaquosqns djoin lUfSAS. 9/\ 
'A\ivix\2qi 'w 8AI808I o^ qsiM noiC ji anA'-j aq-^ Suipi-BAVjoj joj aogjo'^sod 
aq^ -^-B y9| suoi'^oni'^sai jo *sn o-^ pa^jodoj aq '^snm ssaipp'B jo aSu-eq^ 
iCuy *q^0? J^quid^ddg ^^ "I ®^ '^snui aoi'^ipo '\x9u qi^ joj iCdoQ 

Mrs. Pearl ^V^litcomb Henry, who has favored us with contributions 
during the past year, has opened a school at Ironton, Ohio. 

We extend our hearty greeting to the honorary members recently in- 
itiated by Zeta. The addition of two such musicians to our list is an 
honor and an inspiration to all. 


22 The Lyre. 

We are in receipt of Miss Maude Poweirs greetings to the fraternity 
from London, England, 32 York street, Portland Square. A soiree 
musicale was given June 20th by the Baroness Von Horst in honor of 
Miss Powell and ^Miss Emma d' Egremont. 

We hope to have the series, " Homes of our Chapters," continued 
until all have been represented. Those who have not yet sent in their 
college history and cuts should be preparing for it. A series containing 
a history of our honorary members will follow. 

While Alpha has not yet sent in the songs, four good ones have been 
written, and a fifth, on the motto, " Ye Daughters of Music Come Up 
Higher,^' is being prepared by a competent writer. All will be ready 
soon. We regret the delay and hope the book will not suffer in the 

The case of Beta Beta chapter of Kappa Kappa Gamma against the 
fraternity for an attempted withdrawal of her charter has excited con- 
siderable interest in fraternity circles. The chapter has appealed to 
law to defend her constitutional rights. The action of the Grand Coun- 
cil was certainly ill-advised from what we can learn from the official 
report of the proceedings, and Beta Beta has certainly proven herself 
no weakling in her courageous effort to have a hearing and maintain 
her rights. 

Theta Chapter wishes to state that it has secured from a French de- 
signer, a very attractive pattern for an Alpha Chi pillow. The design 
is made up of sprays of scarlet carnations, surrounding a golden lyre 
with the Greek letters of the society across it. If any of the girls from 
other chapters desire to have one of these pillows, the stamped material 
(of fine French linen) will be sent to them for $1.25, or they may send 
their own material to be stamped for twenty-five cents. Any further 
information can be had by writing to Virginia May Fisk. 


The I/yre. 23 

Gamma Chapter does not like to be the complaining chapter, but it 
is the same old story — our song book. No more songs have been 
received since our last complaint in the Lyre. If I remember right 
each chapter has sent one or more songs with the exception of Alpha. 
None has been received from her. If Grand Council says for us to 
publish the book without the required four (4)songs from each chapter, 
please inform Gamma and the publication will be attended, so we may 
have our song book at the beginning of the next school year. 

Talent works and genius creates. — Schumann. 

The love of beauty is taste ; the creation of beauty is art. 

— Emerson. 

Music is calculated to compose the mind, and fit it for instruction. 

— Aristides. 

" Expression, feeling and sensibility are the soul of music, as of every 
other art." 

" Mozart was but seven years old when his sonatas were published 
by his father, in 1763." 

The quality which Chopin most valued in the player was a sympa- 
thetic touch. — Charles Williby. 

" Do not get hold of the notion that your teacher finds fault with 
you merely for the sake of fault finding." 

Technique should not seek to shine by itself, and least of all give the 
impression of being the performer's strongest point. — Christiani. 

Reverence what is old, but have also a warm heart for all that is 
new. Indulge no prejudice against unknown names. — Schumann. 


24 The I/yre. 



Gertrude Wamsley was initiated this term. 

Estelle Morse spent part of the summer at Winona. 

Helen Birch will spend the summer at Chautauqua. 

Emma Miller has a class in pianoforte, near Greencastle. 

Carrie Little visited DePauw friends during commencement. 

Josephine Tingley visited in Greencastle for a short time in June. 

Ella Peck entertained Alpha Chi one evening during commence- 

Miss (rrace Power, of the year '97, is very busy with vocal work this 

Mary B. O'Dell is teaching at Fortville. She will probably re-enter 
school in September. 

Elraa Patton is teaching at her home in Richland. She will be 
with us again in the fall. 

Miss Pearl Shaw is teaching at her home, near Greensburg. She will 
visit in Ohio during August. 

Mr. and Mrs. S. R. Ruick attended the DePauw-L U. ball game at 
Greencastle, and met many old friends. 

Miss Raeburn Cowger will return to finish her piano and violin work. 
She has been very busy this summer with her violin engagements. 

Miss Bertta Miller, '97, and Mr. Samuel Ruick, of class of '97, were 
married at Richmond, in April. They are now living in Indianapolis. 

Misses Ruth Vaught, Helen Herr and Mildred Rutledge were gradu- 
ated this year. Miss Vaught returns to take up post graduate work 
next year. 

Adelaide Whitney Rowley will be married at her home in Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa, this fall. She will reside at Onarga, 111., where she has 
l)een teaching Voice for several years, and where her sister has charge 
of thf School of Music. 


The Lyre. 26 

Daisy Estep has published a piece of music entitled " The Jolly Rev- 
eller." The name gives a good idea of its character and we hope a 
great many copies will be used by Alpha Chi's. Copies or information 
may be had from " The University Music Store " at Greencastle. 

Mamie Ada Jennings will be married August 9th, in Newcastle, to 
Mr. Richard J. Roberts. Pearl Shaw will be one of the bridesmaids. 
The ceremony will be in the Methodist church, and a reception wiU 
follow at the bride's home. Miss Jennings and Mr. Roberts are both 
graduates of the DePauw College of Liberal Arts. Miss Jennings grad- 
uated also from the Voice department, and was editor of the first copy 
of the Lyre. 


Born to Mr. and Mrs. Melbert Lott of Three Rivers, a son. 

Miss Belle Smith of Grand Rapids, Mich., visited Albion during the 

Mrs. McMaster, Mother of Lucie McMaster, Luddington, Mich., died 
Sunday, May 28, 1899. 

Married, June 1st, '99, Miss Emma Phelps, Cresco, Mich., and Dr. 
Clarence Vary of Battle Creek, Michigan. 

Eusebia Davidson of Port Huron and Cora Harrington of Jackson, 
visited Beta friends during the week of the Musical Festival. 

Miss Kittie P^ggleston was married in April to Mr. Cyril Bruce. 
Thev reside in Albion where Mr. Bruce is a vocal instructor in the 

Miss Grace Disbrow, who, on account of the death of her father, has 
not been in school during the spring term, visited Miss Jennie Dickin- 
son and other Beta girls in May. 

Maj. and Mrs. Colby of Jackson, this week visited at the home of 
Prof. Samuel Dickie. Maj. Colby was a surgeon of the 31st Michigan, 
and has but recently returned from Cuba. 

Dorothy Gunnels, Toledo, Ohio, recently left Albion for South Caro- 
lina, where she will spend Commencement. On June 17th, she, in 
company with her mother, sail for Europe. 


26 Tlw Jjyre. 


Miss Theodora Chaffee will spend her vacation in the east. 

Miss Irene Stevens entertained in honor of Miss Lillyblade last week. 

Miss Carrie Holbrook is going to LaCrosse, Wisconsin, for some time. 

Miss Katherine Scales of Buena Park spent eight weeks in Magnolia, 

Miss Lillian Siller and Mr. Wm. Wyckoff of E vanston, will be married 
this summer. 

Miss Mabel Dunn of Evanston, gave an informal dance at her home 
in honor of Alpha Chi Omega. 

Miss Ethel Lillyblade spent two days with the Miss Sillers last week. 
Her marriage to Dr. H. D. Brown took place in Detroit on Wednesday, 
June 7th. 

Invitations are out for the marriage of Stella Chamblin to Mr. Dan- 
iel Grant Kingery of Chicago. The marriage will take place at eight 
o'clock, Wednesday evening, June 21st. 


Mrs. Hempstead made a short visit in Pittsburg this month. 

Miss Elsie Keifer is expected here for College Commencement. 

Miss Nellie White of Dunkirk, N. Y., is visiting Miss Susanne Porter. 

Miss Grace Hammond made a short visit recently, in Jamestown, N. Y. 

Miss Elizabeth Patton is fully recovered from her long and serious 
illness at Spencer Hospital. 

Miss Fay Barnaby visited Elmira, N. Y. in April. It is the home 

of our sister. Miss Theo White. 

Miss Gardener of Bennington, Vt., and Mrs. Pritchard of Coming, 
N. Y., spent a very pleasant week, early in June, with Miss Edsall. 

Since the last Lyre, Delta has had initiation. Mrs. Eleanor Brush 
Hempstead and Miss Nelle Crissman have joined ''our band so true." 

Our chapter has lost two old and valuable members in the Misses 
Gertrude and Jennie Ogden. Chicago will be their home in the future. 


The I/yre. 2^/ 

Mrs. Rebie Flood Irwin has returned to Meadville after an absence 
of ten months which has been spent in Sitka, Alaska. We all hope 
she will make Meadville her permanent home. 

Miss Edith Roddy visited this spring at the home of her sister, Mrs. 
John H. Applebee, Buffalo, N. Y. She expects to spend part of her 
summer vacation at Roxbury, Mass., where her sister has since moved. 

Miss Margaret Barber left Meadville, June 12th, for Ithaca, N. Y. 
She is visiting former college friends and expects to be present during 
the Commencement Exercises of Cornell University. From Ithaca, she 
will go to Gloucester, Mass., and remain there until the first of October. 


Nell and Anita Evans of Chattanooga, Tennessee, daughters of H. 
Clay Evans, Commissioner of Pensions, have been residing in Wash- 
ington, D. C, for the past two years. They leave in July for an ex- 
tended trip through the West and return in October to their home in 


Theta is about decided upon a house for next year. 

Most of the girls, if not all, will be with us next year. 

Commencement exercises and program takes place Thursday, June 16. 

We have gained two more nice girls as pledge members to be taken 
in next year. 

Miss Flora Koch visited in Evanston and was very nicely enter- 
tained by Gamma. 

Miss Gertrude Montague and Miss Marcia Clark are also wearing 
beautiful new pins. 

Misses Daniel and Bartholemew leave for Detroit Wednesday, June 
15th, where they will spend a few days and from there go to their 
respective homes. 

Miss Virginia Fisk has been honored by a position on the faculty for 
next year. Her graduation recital has received high commendation in 
the papers of several near cities. Among her graduating gifts a large 
bust of Paderewski occupies a conspicuous position, a rememberance 
from her sorority sisters. She also wears a handsome diamond lyre. 


28 The Ijyre. 



Dear Sisters: — The closing term was as full as usual of work and 
pleasure. Several of our members were unable to return and two left 
at the middle of the term, but a goodly number met every week. The 
third term's work is always heavy because more recitals come thien. 
Each junior and senior is required to give a program, and many of these 
are not given until near the end of the year. Misses Mildred Rutledge, 
Ruth Vaught and Helen Herr graduated this year. Their programs 
will be found in this number, and also our junior programs, not pub- 
lished last time. Several of the girls have assisted on other programs, 
and almost all took part in the commencement recitals. In the artists 
course we have had Miss Ma) Estelle Acton, soprano, and Miss Mary 
Wood Chase, pianist. Miss Sawyers, of the faculty, gave a fine program 
of piano music in Meharry Hall, assisted by Mr. Schellschmidt, cello. 
In all, there have been near twenty recitals this term, including fort- 
nightly pupils' recitals. 

We had planned a reunion for commencement week, but were all so 
busy it was impossible to carry it out. However, we are looking for- 
ward to it soon. DePauw won the state championship in baseball this 
year, an honor which we appreciate. Plans are made for improvement 
in the girl's dormitory for next year, and everything points to a pros- 
perous opening in September. School will begin a week later because 
of the Conference meeting in Greencastle. This will be an event in the 
history of the town and University. 

Hoping you all will have a good vacation, we remain 

Yours in A. X. 0., 



As the winter term was (juiet the past one has more than balanced 
in its activity; yet seldom has a Saturday night passed without a happy 
meeting of Beta girls in their own loved lodge. We have a loyal and 
prized addition to our chapter in Miss Edna Triphagen of Lansing, 

The I/yre. 29 

Mich, We cannot quite realize that the school year of ^99 will soon 
be over, though already regret creeps upon us, for Dorothy Gunnels 
leit soon after the Festival for the South and expects later to go abroad 
both for study and for pleasure. On the day before her departure Mrs. 
Otto Sand entertained in her honor at her own home, while in the 
evening the girls gave a little farewell at the Lodge. The active chap- 
ter loses a loyal girl and a worker at Commencement — Lina Baum, our 
"worthy and only Senior," but to console us, Misses Nellie Ramsdell, 
Mabel Foster and Florence Bailey will be graduated from the High 
School and are expecting now to enter college at the opening of the 
Fall Term. 

Our annual Concert, April 2G, was an even greater success than last 
year, netting us a pretty sum. The finale pleased better than we had 
dared to hope. The girls (representing the characters listed in the 
program, which we append) passing, yet half hidden by a screen of 
gauze, gave a most dreamy effect, while the coming of the first love — 
the bride — and the breaking of the reverie formed a happy close. 

We are again indebted to Mr. H. Kirke White of Chi Psi, and Mr. R, 
Newman Miller of Sigma Chi, for our posters and programs. Follow- 
ing the evening of the Concert we entertained at the lodge, our gentle- 
men friends who assisted us. 

Madame Bloomfield-Zeisler's piano recital on the opening day of the 
Festival met our highest expectations. We met her in the green room 
and found her as charming in personality as we had found her delight- 
ful in her art. Among other artists most enjoyed was George Hamlin^ 
Tenor. We are proud to claim other Festival artists: Mrs. Sand, piano 
soloist, Miss Hoag, violin, and Miss Ethel Calkins, accompanist. 

On June 1, a party of fifteen attended the wedding of sister Emma 
Phelps, at her home in Cresco, for we knew she would need aid such as 
Alpha Chi sisters are able to render. 

The Delta Gamma Convention met here during the first week of May. 
We were most happy to entertain on the second afternoon, thus meet- 
ing many representatives of chapters of a sister sorority. 

Beta wishes for each chapter a happy reunion of her girls after a 
summer of rest and contentment. Yours, in the bond, 

Kate L. Calkins. 

30 The I/yre. 






1 Ebb and Flow, King 


9 MendelssonUt Waltzes, Rthia 

Misses Hoao and Gunnels 

8 Burst. Ye Applebuds Emery 

Miss Kate Calkins 

4 ConcertstUck. Op 79 We>>er 

Miss Dickie 
(Second Piano, Miss Calkins) 

6 Spring Song Mmdeluokn 

Misses Kate Calkins, Nelus Baum, Lina. Baum and 
Jennie Worthington 

6 Scene de Ballet, De Beriot 

Miss Gunneijb 

7 Spring Flowers, Eeineeke 

Miss Kate Calkins 
(Violin Obligate, Miss Hoao) 

8 Offenory in D Minor from St. Cecelia, BaHtU 

Miss Reynolds 

Accompanist Miss Calkins 




"Ah! memories of sweet summer eyes, 
Of moonlit wave or willcTwy way, 
Of stars and flowers and dewy leaves, 
And smiles and tones more dear than they ! '* 

The bridegroom indulges in a reverie. A vision of his child-love brings back 
memories of his boyhood days in an old New England town. Then follows a train 
of recollections involving his various love affairs during his travels: 

His comrade on many wheeling expeditions. 

The dreamy southern jrirl. 

The Hough Rider enthusiast. 

The haughty Vassar girl with her contempt for mankind. 

The maiden lady whose open admiration is a source of continual annoyance. 

A star of the drama. 

Two merry Canadians, 

Ein liebes Miidchen. 

Sister Dolorosa. 

The flippant Mademoiselle. 

His discovery " In a Persian Garden." 


The l/yre. 31 

" She likee me." 

A daughter of the German navy. 

" Maid of Athens." 

Companiom on the golf links. 

A passing fancy in Italy. 

A stately daughter of Brittania. 

"Oh the heart that hat truly loved n*er forgets, 
But as truly loves on to the close 
As the sun-flowrer turns to her god when he sets, 
The same look which she turned when he rose." 

The reverie is broken. The first-love is tonight his bride. 

Pianist Miss Worthington 


Dear Sisters — It has been very quiet with Gamma chapter lately, 
for the girls have been so busy with their music. Some of our girls 
graduate this year, and each graduate knows that that means hard work. 
The graduating recitals have been most entertaining and instructive, 
and the result shows hard, conscientious work on their p^rt. 

Since the last issue of The Lyre, Gamma has taken in one new 
member. Miss Irene Snyder. This young lady does credit to the vocal 
department of the school — and we Alpha Chis are proud of her too. 
Her initiation was one of the most amusing and successful we have 
ever had. 

The girls had the pleasure of meeting and entertaining Miss Koch 
of Theta Chapter. We do sincerely wish that Alpha Chis from other 
chapters would come out and see us in Evanston, when they come to 
Chicago. We will give you a hearty welcome and it does us good to 
meet one another. Sociability gives one new ideas and inspirations. 

May you one and all have a most pleasant summer vacation and re- 
turn to school with new energy and zeal. 

Stella Chamblin, 

Associate Editor. 


Dear Alpha Chls — As we are all on the point of taking to our 
trunks we want to send a greeting and best wishes for a happy summer 
to our sisters. 


32 Tlie Lyre. 

June brings many changes always in a college town, and some of 
great importance this year are felt by Delta. For the Pennsylvania 
College of Music is to be changed not only in management but in 
place, and the fraternity room of which we have grown so fond is to 
be given up. But in our sadness in giving up our room we are cheered 
by the hopes of a prosperous year for the college. It is under the man- 
agement of two of our Alpha Chis, who have been connected with it 
some timq, Elizabeth Tyler and May Graham. Helen Edsall will con- 
tinue her teaching and Ruby Krick, one of our charter members, will 
come back to teach. The building chosen for next year is the one 
where The Chautaw^uan was formerly published, and will be very much 
more convenient than the one now occupied. One great advantage 
will be a recital hall covering the whole upper floor with a seating 
capacity of five hundred. Up to this time our large recitals have been 
held in outside halls. 

We had our last party in our rooms on Thursday evening of last 
week and had a very pleasant time. Several of the Allegheny profes- 
sors and students and some town people made up the number. Alta 
Moyer, one of our girls who sings extremely well, sang several times 
and gave much pleasure. She and a few other Alpha Chis, assisted by 
Mr. Conistock and Mr. Fred Sheparson, one of Mr. Comstock's pupils, 
have been giving a series of concerts in neighboring towns to advertise 
the college and show the kind of work it does. They have met with 
very cordial receptions everywhere they have been. 

Many of us leave Meadville for the summer, and some of us stay to 
enjoy it; for of all times in the year it is most charming in the warm 

May we all enjoy the vacation and come back to our work in the fall 
with new energy and strength. 

Margaret Browning Barber. 


Dear Sisters in Alpha Chi Omp:ga — This last term we have wel- 
comed seven new members into our chapter. Miss Alida R. Handy 
of West Bay City, Michigan, brought affiliation papers from Beta. 
Miss Spicie Bell South of Jett Station, Ky., and Miss Alice Rebecca 


The I/yre. 33 

Rich of Bath, Maine, were initiated April 11, and Margaret Smedes of 
Raleigh, N. C, and Anne Burgess of Fort Worth, Texas, came in 
April 26th. 

On the evening of the first of May, Mrs. Amy Marcy Cheney Beach, 
America's finest woman composer, and Madam Helen Hopekirk, the 
Scotch pianist were initiated. 

" Billie" was quite dignified on this particular evening and his gait 
more like that of a proud Arabian steed than an ordinary billie-goat. 
After the initiation an informal reception was given. 

Seven of our girls will graduate this month: Estelle McFarlane, 
Mary Johnson, Mary Kidd, Edith Manchester, Margaret Upcraft, Olga 
Brandenburg and Jessie McNair, who takes a post-graduate degree in 
the School of Oratory. 

Edith Manchester was elected President of the Senior Class and 
Estelle McFarlane of the Juniors. 

Only a few weeks of school remain and all are looking eagerly for- 
ward to the summer vacation and the rest and quiet of home life once 
more, after which we will be refreshed for another year's work. 

Sincerely yours, 

Lucy G. Andrews. 


Dear Sisters — The time has again come when we are all joined in 
heart if not in person and the new chapter fully appreciates what a 
grand thing it is to feel that we have such an added number of friends 
in our little world, who while not knowing us all personally, still have 
a keen and loving interest in us, and already realize, in some slight 
degree, the meaning of the word sorority. Our Ann Arbor life, hith- 
erto pleasant, has been doubly so since the existence of our chapter. 
We have been so sorry to lose from our midst the one who was instru- 
mental in bringing us together — our sister and friend, Mrs. Hortense 
Miller, has gone to Port Huron to live, leaving behind among her 
friends a loving remembrance of her sweet and charming personality. 

We have gained a new pledge member, who expects to join us next 
year, Miss Mabel Green of Jackson, a girl of lovely character, and we 
trust the tie will prove to be one of mutual benefit and pleasure. 


34 The Ijyre. 

At our regular meetings Theta has several times exhibited her child- 
ish propensities in a wonderful fondness for goodies to tickle the palate, 
rather than the good wholesome bread of knowledge. Many jolly 
spreads have in their turn appeared and disappeared, while the "Life 
of Mozart" is still to be digested; but notwithstanding all this, our in- 
tentions are good and we are planning for an interesting course of study 
for the coming year. 

Another matter now occupying our attention is our house for next 
year. We are about decided upon that question and we shall be nine 
or ten happy Alpha Chis under one roof with Mrs. Fisk asour chaperone. 

Along with the work of the semester have come the social events 
usual at this season of the year. 

A tea was given for the Alpha Chis, by Mrs. Herman Zeitz and a 
number of faculty ladies invited to meet the sorority. A reception 
was also given for us by Mrs. Fisk and her two daughters; then there 
have been little parties of less formal nature. A fancy dress party 
among ourselves was the cause of no little fun, and we feel that society, 
study and play have been commingled in such a manner as to make a 
most agreeable variety. 

The May Festival as expected was a treat; the opera of "Sampson 
and Delilah," given in oratorio form seemed to give the most pleasure. 

And now the school year is drawing to its close and with it come the 
recitals of the graduates. Miss Virginia Fisk, our loved sister, gives 
her recital, for which I send the programme, on this, the evening of 
June 9th. She has been honored by a position on the faculty for next 

We must now bid an affectionate farewell to our sisters in Alpha Chi 
Omega, and wish you all a delightful vacation and meet again in Sep- 
tember or October with renewed strength and spirits. 

M. Alberta Daniel. 


The JOyre. 35 



(Senior) by Miss Mildred Rutledge, assisted by Miss Raeburn Cowger, Violinist, 

Miss Helen H. Birch, Accompanist. 

Tuesday Evening, April 4th, 1890, at Eight o'clock. Music Hall. 

1. SonaU Op. a, No. 2 Beethoven 

Allesro vivace 
Largo appassionato. 
Scheno, allegretto. 

a. Violin solo. Reverie Vieuxtemps 

8. Novellette Op. 21, No. 1 ) 

Nachtstncke Op. 23, No. 4, V Schumann 

Kindersoenen Op. 15, Nos. 12 and 11, ; 

4. MaicU Fantastica W. Barglel 

Gftvotte Modeme E. Llebling 

6. Trio, Op. 96, (Piano, Violin and 'CeUo) C. Reissiger 


Andante quasi Allegretto 

6. Concerto E Flat Mosart 

First Movement 

(Orchestral accompaniment supplied on second piano.) 

DiPauw University. 


(Senior) given by Miss Ruth Vaught, assisted by Miss Raeburn Cowger, 

Violiniste, Miss Chloe Alice Cxillum, Soprano, 

Mr. Isaac Norris, Accompanist. 

Wednesday Evening, April 28, 1899, Music Hall at Eight o'clock. 


Weber Liast Polonaise brilliante 

(Second Piano— Miss Sawyers.) 

Tanhhauser-Wagner Elisabeth's Prayer 

Chopin (Piano, Violin and 'Cello) Trio Op. tt 

Bach Prelude and Fugue in B flat 

Grl^ Norwegian Bridal Procession passing by 

Schumann Romance Op. 28 

Chaminade Toccaca in C minor 

D'Hardelot ... Almond Blossoms 

Beethoven , Largo, Allegro Op. 87, C minor 

(Orchestral part on second piano— Miss Sawyers.) 
DbPauw Univebbity. 


36 The I/yre. 


(Senior) given by Miss Helen Herr, assisted by Miss Gillum, Soprano, 

Miss Hoover, Accompanist. 
Friday Evening, May 12th, 1899, at eight o'clock, Music Hall. 


1. (;oncerto, Op. 64, A minor Schumann 

First Movement. 
(Orchestral accompaniment on second piano.) 

2. Vocal Solo. "Your Voice," Denza 

(With violin obligate.) 

5. Gavotte und Variationen Raitaeau-Leschetiakj 

Nocturne . Lescheticsky 

Scherzino. Op. 10, No. 3, Paderewaki 

4. Vocal Solo. "Forget Me Not" Beremy 

6. Impromptu. Op 20 Chopin 

Etude. No. 25, No. 7, Chopin 

6. Phantasiestdcke Nr. 2 (Andenken an Robert Schumann.) Nicode 

DkPauw University. 


(Junior) by Miss Raebiirn Cowger, assisted by Miss Lydia Woods, Soprano, 
Mr. John Matthews, Tenor, Miss Flora Mathias, mt, Isaac Norris, 

Monday Evening, January 30, 1899, at eight o'clock. Music Hall. 


Sonatc, Op. 28, No. 1, . . Hauptmann 

Allegro, Andante. 

Romance Svendsen 

" Jetus Waiting at the Door," Mendelssohn-Danks 

Miss Woods, Mr. Matthews. 

Concerto, (flrst movement) Mendelnohn 

"Oh Fair, Oh Sweet and Holy," Ctotor 

Mr. Matthews. 

(a) Reverie, Vieuxtemps 

(b) Largo Handel 

(c) Kuiawiak Wieniawski 

DePauw University. 


(Junior) by Miss B. Pearl 8haw, assisted by Miss Eva Osburn, Soprano, 

*' Wagner Quartette," Miss Mary Hoover, Accompanist. 

Wednesday Evening, March 8th, 1899, at eight o'clock, Music Hall. 


1. Piano Quartette— "Tannhauser," Wagner 

" Wagner Quartette." 

2. Sonata op. 14, No. 1 Beethoven 

Allegro, Allegretto, Allegro. 

8. Vocal Solo— "The Nightingale" Deliehes 

4. Impromptu op. 90, No. 2 Schubert 

5. (a) Intermezzo op. 9, No. 2, ^ 

(b) " Evening Song." S 

(c) " Papillon" Qrieg 

6. Vocal Solo— ^fagnetic Waltz. ArditU 

7. Duo— **Dan8e Macabre," Saint SaenB 

DEpAinv University. 


The I/yre. 37 


At Music Hall, Orrington Avenue and University Place, by *Mi88 Irene 

Stevens, Pianist, assisted by Miss Winifred Nightingale, Contralto. 

Friday Evening, May 26, 1899, at 8 o'clock. 


PvtiU, Namber One Bach 




Minuet 1 and 3. 

Mi«8 Stevens. 

My Little Love, Hawley 

Ml88 Nightingale. 

Beroeiue, Orieg 

Kamennoi Oatrow, Rubinstein 

Dance of the Onomea, Lisst 

Miss Stevens. 

Ah ! 'tia a Dream, Hawley 

••There Little Oipl Don't Cry," Norrii 

Miss Nightingale. 

Fira Muaic Wagner-Brassin 

Miss Stevens. 

Goaldl? Tostl 

Miss Nightingale. 

Concerto, E Minor. Chopin 

Allegro Maestro. 

Miss Stevens. 

Orchestral accompaniment on second piano, . . . Mn. Coe. 

NoBTHWimiRN UNivKRsrrv, Evanston, 111. 


At Music Hall, Orrington Avenue and University Place, by *Mis8 I>epna 
Wemple, Pianist, assisted by *Mis8 Irene Snyder, Soprano. 

Friday Evening, June 2, 1899, at K o'clock. 


Fantaaie, C. Minor, Mozart 

Gavotte, Silas 

Miss Wemple. 

Sleep On, Scudere 

The Dying Flower Rotoli 

A Diaappolntment Victor Harris 

Miss Snyder. 

Two Skylarks, I^eschetitzky 

The Flatterer Chamlnade 

Valae, AFlat Chopin 

Miss Wemple. 

When to Thy Vision, Gounod 

Two Marionettea, Cooke 

Her Grave, Fielitz 

Sing On, .... Denza 

Miss Snyder. 

TheChaae, ... Rheinberger 

Polonaiae Mllltaire, Chopin 

Miss Wemple. 

NoBTHWisTiKN UNivutsrrY, Evanston, 111. 

*Alpha ChL 


38 The I/yre. 


Of Virginia May Fisk, Pianist, of Ann Arbor, Michigan, 

Frieze Memorial Hall, Friday, June 9, 1899, 8:00 P. M. 

Three Preludes and Fugues from the Well Tempered Clavichord J.S.Bach 

C minor, Book n 

Cf minor, Book I > One Prelude and Fugue to be chosen. 

G major, Book II j 

<^nata in D Minor, Op. 81, No. 2, L. van Beethoven 




a. Etude, C sharp, minor. Op. 25, No. 7, ' • ) 

b. Mazurka, B minor. Op. 83, No. 4 ' Chopin 

c. Impromptu, A flat major, \ 

Norwegian Bridal Procession Grieg 

Witches* Dance Mac Dowell 

Spinning Song, . . Mendelssohn 

Liebestraum, Franz LiBt 

Passe-Pied Deliebes 

Polonaise, Paderewski 

Capriccio brilliante, for Piano and Orchestra, . Mendelssohn 


^o avoid undue length of program. Miss Fisk will play the first movement only. 


Given by Miss Olga Brandenburg. 
Sleeper Hall, Monday Evening, June 5, 1899, at 8 o'clock. 


Nawratil, Variations, Op. 7 

Schubert Sonata, Op. 43 (first movement) 

Mendelssohn, Prelude and Fague, E minor 

Chopin, Nocturne. Op. 27. No. 1 

S<;humann, Traumes Wirren 

Brahms Rhapsody, Op. 7», No. 2 

Rubinstein, Concerto in D minor (first movement) 





The Washburn is Ihe one and only 
make of world-wide repulation. Suld 
l>y lirst -class dealers everywhere from 
S15.00 upwa.i'd. Imiiaieii extensively, 
so he sure thai the name "Georee 
Washburn" is burned upon the inside. 
A beautiful Washburn Book contaln- 
i\iK portraits and letters from the De 
Keszkes, Calve. Eames, Nordica, Scal- 
chi and 100 other famous artists and 
teachers, mailed free upon request. 
Address Depl. U, 


Cor. Wabiih «va. and Adam SL. Chicago. 





Alpha, DePauw l^niversity, Greencastle, Indiana 

Beta, Albion, College, Albion, Michigan 

Gamma, Xorthwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 

Delta, . . Pennsylvania College of Music, Meadville, Pennsylvania 
Epsilon, . University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 

Zeta, New England Conservatory, Boston, Massachusetts 

Eta Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania 

Theta . University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 



President Uaeburn ('owger, Alpha 

Vice President Winifred Bartholomew, Theta 

Secretary Ethel Eggleston, Zeta 

Treasurer Florence Harper, Delta 


Alpha Elniena Lank 

Beta Lina Baum, 211 E. Erie 8t 

Gamma Mabel Dunn, 1803 Chicago Ave 

Delta Elizabeth McAllister, 11 ulings Hall 

Epsilon Jessie Leone Davis, 21K)4 Vermont Ave 

Zeta Editli S. Prince, New England Conservatory 

Eta Belle Bartol 

Theta Marion A ll>erta Daniel 



Fannie Bloomfield-Zeisler, 

568 East Division Street, 

Chicago, Illinois 

niss Neally Stevens, 

Concert Pianist. 

Alam^a County, 
Residence, San Lorenzo. 


Maud Powell, 


40 West Twentietli Street, 

New Yorlc City. 

riarie Decca, 

Prima Donna, 

Opera, Oratorio, Concert, Etc. 

Address, Care the Musical Courier, New York* 




ALPHA Chi Omega. 

VOL. IV. NOVEMBER, 1899. NO. 3. 


It is a question that will remain unanswered forever and is also one 
that has created no little controversy as to the idea which found such 
wonderful birth in the composition known to all the world as the 
"Moonlight Sonat i." 

The generally accepted story is too well known to necessitate repe- 
tition, but that the composition is susceptible of many constructions, 
based always upon the fundamental law of emotion and sentiment, is 
amply evinced by the various interpretations oftered. 

Very few of the masters wTote mechanically, that is, for merely prac- 
tical purposes. They were more or less actuated by the strongest 
emotions and highest ideals which sought and found voice in the com- 
positions which so richly bless the world to-day. 

Some writers have suggested that unrequited affection prompted the 
passionately sad Adagio of the sonata, while others thought that merely 
the weird beauty of the moonlight night impelled the expression of 
sentiments too deep for words. Be that as it may, to the student who 
has limited resources for interpretative study, this life " Fantasy '' is 
offered, merely that it may suggO!r*t and aid in the effort to establish a 
basis for the dramatko of the entire composition. 

Beethoven, always a stupendously thoughtful man, may have had 

■ — •) 

The I/yre. 

premonitions of coming sorrow which tinted his life with such sombre 

The real man revealed himself only through his compositions and 
but few appreciate his loneliness, even to-day. 



The loneliness of Night's soft shadows 
Fall athwart the path of day, (1,2) 
And through the dimness of a sea-dipt mist, 
I see the curving glint of night-birds 
Winging their way toward the sea. (3, 4) 

Alone am I, save for the Shadow 

Which refuses to forsake me; (5-9) 

And I pause and wonder if it portends 

Something of the un-namable terror 

Which has oft possessed my soul. (10-15) 

The Earth, even, keys her song more dully, (29) 

And the rippling cadences of the birds of Dawn, (33, 34) 

Reach me but faintly, 

liike some dream but half remembered. 

Is it Nature who wearies at last 

Of her sweet voiceful symphonies? 

Or do the sons of earth hear but dimly 

The surging tide of wind-swept harmony (35, 36) 

Which bears on its breath 

Solace for a world's sorrow, 

And the ecstasy of heavenly joy? 

Ah see! The moonlight pierces the floating mist 

With shafts of silvery light, 

And the soft breathed zephyrs 

Waft tlie billowy vapor-forms far out to sea, 

Where tliev waver and beckon 

Like phantoms from some giant Past; 


The I/yre. 

And over the face of mv soul 

Falls the intangible veil of futurity 

Hiding from my fearsome gaze 

A fate too sad for mere words, 

And too wearisome for the pen of time. (37-40) 

A subtle influence doth engulf my sad spirit, 

And my fast throbbing heart 

Yields hardly to the elusive half-wrought 

Melodies, which linger tremblingly 

Upon the spell of infinite desire. 

"0 spirits of celestial conception, 

Close not the doors of my heaven 

Against me! (51-55) 

Let me hear.but faintly those angelic strains, 

(Pulsing harmonies of divine creation!) 

And I shall be somewhat content." (57-59) 

Earth, voiceless, is like a rarely tinted flower 

Without perfume, — beauty without soid, 

Or the marble perfection 

Of some peaceful frozen dead! 

Must the soul be thus imprisoned 

Within the white walls of its own temple. 

And no longer hear the creation 

Of its own thought-harmonies? 

Sad, sad, as the wail of sorrow 

Which is too deep for tears, ((33-64) 

Or the cry of anguish from some despairing soul 

When thus I must wake from my dream, 

And through the water of Lethe 

Must go, weighted with the unuttered longing of years. (66-69) 

Yet, why should I mourn alway? (1-5) 


The King of each radiant day 

Thrills anew every drop of sparkling dew, 


The I/yre. 

And all the drowsy flowers 

Wake at dawn to his magic kiss! (21-23) 

The wind tosses the quivering leaves 
With careless hand whose touch 
Doth kindle with laughing life 
Each tender leaf of green. (47-52) 

The great canvas of Omnipotence 

Shall unroll the beauties before me, 

And in its linings I may find 

Some solace for my hungry heart! 

The perfumed, spicy winds 

Shall fan my fevered brow, 

And in the calm of night 

I shall call the pale cold stars 

My own, until their sweet influence 

Shall permeate my very soul (92-96) 

And I shall know the blessedness of peace. (96-97) 


Again! Oh, restless soul of mine! (42) 
Why this agony? Canst thou not yield 
Thyself to the All Supreme, who gave thee 
Birth and breathed unquenchable melody. 
Fraught with the fire of genius, into thy being? 
Canst thou not control thy mad longing? 
Wilt thou not cease thy raging 
Against the bars of thy prison-house? (9, 10) 
What availeth it that thou plunge 
Into a yawning abyss of gloom (14) 
From which e'en the wings of Faith 
Could wearily lift thee? (11(>-119) 

Thou hearest the dreary sobbing of a shoreless sea 
'Gainst the deeps of ageless shadows, (124-127) 
And fretted with memories of an unconquered world 


The I/yre. 7 

Thou dost but manacle thy freer thought 
With weight of silent woe. 
Hush thy ceaseless cries! (164) 

*'Ganst thou never forget thy bitterness? (167-170) 

See, through the elusive curtain of night, 

One star shines clear and bright (185-186) 

And sheds 'round thee an influence 

Which may ''bind thee to the Pleiades.'' 

A luminous form conies floating toward me, 

And, as I look, the angel Peace waits 

With pleading eyes and outstretched hands. 

With eagerness I tejich my faltering steps 

The way, — and though the billows may surge 

And almost deluge me — (195-197) 

It will be like the memory 

Of some fond but passionate pain, (76-80) 

And my tired heart shall rest. 

Do phantoms of the weary past still throng about me? (201- 

Then shall I sing a song of Hope; 

And all the voices of the sky, 

Shall repeat it in wonder and bear it 

On the breath of the breeze 

Upward, until, suspended near Heaven, 

It falls to earth again. 

In a thousand, thousand melodies 

To cheer the heart of Man. (206-208) 

— Pearl Whitcomb-Henry. 


8 The I/yre, 


Germany has always been the home of the great. At its mention, 
GcKthe, Schiller, Bach, Beethoven and Mozart with a host of others — 

'* Great singers of the past ! whose song 

Still streams down earthward pure and strong " — 

come rushing to our minds and we think that of all the favored 
countries of earth, none is so favored as this one. 

If we trace her history back as far as we have any knowledge of such 
a people as the Germans, there is evidence that some of them, wrote 
rude verses telling of the deeds of their kings and heroes and sang them 
to the simple melodies which they invented. If we had all these songs 
we could have a better knowledge of the people who wrote them but 
only the fragments remain — too incomplete to be of value except to 
show that these uncivilized warriors possessed in some degree the musi- 
cal and poetical talent inherent in the German race. No material had 
they for artistic creation but the music which they invented spontane- 
ously; but it constituted the origin of a development that nothing could 
destroy, although circumstances might cause it to be suppressd for a 

About the sixth century Catholicism, always imperious and tyranni- 
cal, was rapidly extending its dominion and the secular songs of the 
barbarians were forced to give place to the sacred songs of the priests. 
Until the close of the eleventh century nothing was produced in poetry 
or music. But the ballads which these patriotic people loved so well 
were still sung, " half unconsciously,'' as some one has said, till they 
burst forth anew with such force that they only seemed to have been 
gathering strength while they were apparently lifeless. 

The Crusades had thrown all Europe into turmoil. They brought 
all classes of people more closely together and made them feel a com- 
mon interest in each other's welfare. They shared in common many 


The I/yre. 9 

severe expferiences. One of the direct results of this was the rise of the 
secular song. Some new instruments, among which was the guitar, 
had been brought from the East and were used to accompany the singer. 
The Troubadours of France were the first to produce the new kind of 
song. They regarded the music more than the words. The minstrels 
sang their productions for them and the nobility looked upon them 
with so much favor that the secular songs grew rapidly in popularity, 
and other countries followed the example of the south. 

The Minnesingers and Meistersingers occupied the position in Ger- 
many that the Troubadours were holding in Provence. The form of the 
song was the same, but the Minnesingers were not imitators, for they 
fashioned their compositions in accordance with their natural charac- 
teristics. To them the music was of less importance than the words. 
They chose to sing of the beauty of spring-time, of love and sorrow ; 
while the Troubadour sang of battles, strife and victory. They pre- 
fened to sing their own songs rather than employ the minstrels to do it 
for them. They were imaginative, fanciful, emotional and impulsive. 
They take us back to their own time and cause us to feel we are living 
just as they did, while we read their verses. 

The word Minne first meant a kind remembrance. Most of the Min- 
nelieder are characterized by refinement ; only a few which represent the 
chivalric age having received censure from critics. The number of Minne- 
singers we know of personally is not large but from all evidence there were 
a great many of these poet-musicians whose names have been forgotten. 
About two and a half centuries ago, a Parisian manuscript was discov- 
ered in an old castle. It contained productions of 148 poets. The 
manuscript had probably been taken to Paris from Germany for safe 
keeping and had been lost. There is no way to estimate how many 
Minnesingers there were, but their influence was so great that it in- 
cluded all the nobility, while the organization of the guild called the 
Meistersingers included all classes of common people. 

Some one has contrasted the picture of the Minnesinger occupied 
with the practical affairs of life, probably a soldier, going from place to 
place singing his own poems to music of his own composition, with no 
accompaniment but a violin ot three strings, to the poet of the present 


10 Onie I/yre. 

time who writes his lyric verses as he sits in his luxurious library. He 
does not concern himself with a musical accompaniment and never 
hears one of his stanzas sung. 

In the time of the Minnesinger epic poetry was in its glory; but many 
a person who could not appreciate an epic poem enjoyed these songs. 
To-day it requires novels, magazines, newspapers, with the additional 
assistance of the theatre and concert to supply the people intellectually 
as the Minnesingers did the people of that time. 

The most noted Minnesinger was Walther von der Vogelweide, who 
was contemporaneous with the well-known Troubadour, Bertram de 
Born. On account of his genius and his sterling character he rises 
above his fellow creatures and is remembered as the most prominent 
song-writer of his time. The story of his life is, for the most part, a 
sad one and many of his poems cause one to exclaim with Shelley, 
"Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thought." 

The birthplace of Walther is unknown. The first we know of him 
he is spending his boyhood as a traveling jongleur, playing his accom- 
paniments on his violin — poor and friendless. Then Duke Frederick 
employed him as minstrel for his Austrian Court. Reinmar, der Alte, 
was his only teacher as far as we know. His writings are of two classes, 
one of a vindictive character, the other the opposite, treating of Love 
and Nature. In the first he directs his energies against the Papal 
power, which he believes to be an evil. He portrays the wrong-doings 
of the Popes in such a forcible manner that he had great influence, and 
dissuaded many from joining the crusades. He once said " The Pope is 
now filling his Italian coffers with German silver." 

When Pope Innocent III. excommunicated the Emperor, he directed 
the most severe sarcasm against him in his verses. He compares him 
to a former Pope who was believed to have been carried away by the 
Devil, but, he says, that person caused* the ruin only of his own soul, 
while this Pope plunges into ruin all Christendom and God's shepherd 
has become a wolf. 

He shows that he possesses a strong, independent character, fearless 
when a matter of right or wrong is to be considered. It goes to prove 
that he had religious principles which he felt a duty both toward God 


The I/yre. 11 

and man to put into practice. One of bis poems consists of a summary 
of the Apostles^ creed. 

The second class of his writings suggest a simple, loving nature, and 
if he is sometimes pessimistic we must remember that this was a char- 
acteristic of that age, and Walther was merely influenced by his con- 
temporaries in some degree. The poets of that time, regarded life in 
two extremes. Some thought it was no more than a festival. Others, 
too serious to be frivolous, looked at it from the darker side. Walther 
said '* The world wears bright colors on the outside but is black if one 
looks within." 

Many of Walther's poems mention his admiration for women in a 
high and noble manner. He censures the praise of physical beauty 
and calls it a thin mask, while he extols graces of character as being 
the only thing worth striving for. He was also very patriotic. Both 
these traits are seen in his poem which says 

** In many foreign lands I've been 

And knights and ladies there have seen ; 

But here alone I find my rest — 

Old Germany is still the l)est ; 

Some other lands have pleased me well ; 

But here, 'tis here I choose to dwell. 

Grerman men have virtues rare 

And German maids are angels fair.'' 

He treats of love in pure, elevating terms, setting a high ideal for the 

Walthers' true poetical talent, combined with a delightful person- 
ality, gives his poems a charm. None from the 'long line of Nature 
poets, who are prized so highly are able to excel in the treatment of 
nature. Bayard Taylor says ** Among us, Longfellow, Bryant and 
Whittier have chanted the beauty of the external world but none of 
them can so immediately set us in the midst of May time, blossoms, 
and song birds by a simple, childlike line as Walther von der Vogel- 
weide. His words flowing easily and beautifully harmonize with a 
rhythm which is music itself.'^ 

Two hundred of his productions are preserved, some of them only a 


12 The I/yre. 

single stanza but a complete work of art. But the poet's life was lonely 
and a tone of despair is noticeable, particularly in his later writings. 
In a poem entitled "Might I but make a voyage over the sea" he shows 
an intense longing to travel to the Holy Land. " Then," says he, would 
I sing "Tis well," and say "Alas" no more. He begs piteously that 
Emperor Frederick may give him a place he can caU home, be a host 
instead of a guest, and own a hearth where he can sing. Notwithstand- 
ing a small estate having been presented him by the Emperor, he died 
as he had lived — poor. 

He was buried in the Wiirzburg cathedral and in compliance with 
his request, four hollow spaces were cut in his tomb from which birds 
were to be fed. He left a sum of money to the monastery to be used 
for this purpose. 

There are several other Minnesingers whose names are prominent. 
Among these are Nithart, who wrote realistic descriptions of peasant 
life, but opposite in birth and writing to Walther, his verses are char- 
acterized by coarseness. Reinmar von Zweter extols the good, honest 
woman rather than the goddess. A picture in a Parisian manuscript 
represents him with a little maiden standing by his side while he 


" My life is in its eventide 

My sunshine now has turned to gray 
Of youth still glowing like the 'dawn 

I'm musing at the close of day." 

Ulrich von Lichtenstein is a caricature of the age he represents. He 
wrote verses in lines of one syllable which are untranslatable and with- 
out meaning. 

The Meistersingers were a guild originated by Frauenlob in the 14th 
century, composed of all classes of people who did not belong to the 
nobility as did the Minnesingers. 

The interests of the middle class had been slighted and though the 
Meistersingers have left nothing of value in poetry or music, the motive 
which led them to take an interest in song, and the influence they had 
among the less educated class of people, accomplished much toward 
the development of the secular song and has won for the MeistersingeiB 
the admiration of all lovers of art. — Ruth Vauoht. 


The Lyre. 

The I/yre. 



Indiana Aebury 
Univeraity, oow 
DePauw, waefound- 
ed in Greencastle in 
1837 by the Indi- 
ana Conference of 
the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. 

Greencastle was 
then a vill^e of 700 
inhabitants, and the 
new enterprise had 
little in its sur- 
roundings to en- 
courage its growth. 
But the zeal and 
energy of Bishops 
Simpson and Bow- 
man, who were 
among the earliest 
presidents, and of other earnest workers, was not in vain. 

In 18fj7 the educational ailvantages of the university were offered to 
men and women alike. A financial crisis in its history was reached 
in 1884 after forty-four years, and it becamo necessary to take decided 
steps to secure means to carry on the work. The earnest eiforta of 
friends culminated in the pre.sent Del'auw with all its extensions and 

Mr. Washington C. DcPauw, a wealthy Methodist of Indiana, who 
wa." jilanning to found a univci-sity which should bear his name, was 
induced l<> expend his money on the needy institution already in ex- 
istence. Thus the Old Asbury became the New Del'auw. 
To the Asl>ury Collfgc of I.ilieral Arls were added Law, Normal, 

' .MISEC HAl.L. 

The I/yre. 


The Zyre. 

IIK. illl.E.ARY A. (iOm.N, 

The L/yre. 


Theology, Military, ftfusic and Art Schools. The Preparatory School 
was also placed upon a hetter basiri. Five new huildiiigs were erected, 
Florence Hall, Science Hall, Woinan's Dormitory, Music Hall, mid the 
Oh.tervatory, which with its equipment, nus tlie gift of Robert McKim. 
Large donations by the citizens and others were also expended in im- 
provements. Many acres of ground were tidded to the campi. l>e- 
Pauw I'niversity was placed on a par with the best modern institutions 
imd many young men and women sought to aviii! themsf;lves of its ad- 
rantageu. Later the schools of Law ami Theology and the Xormal 
school were discontinued. 

Dr. Alexander 
Martin, who had 
served faithfully 
and efficiently as 
president for four- 
teen years resigned 
in 1889 and was 
succeeded by Dr. 
John P. D. John, 
now one of the most 
prominent lecturers 
in the country. His 
presidency was 
marked by many 
improvements in 
the work of the in- 
stitution. Dr. Gob- 
in the present presi- 
dent succeeded Dr 
John in 18!t(i when 
the latter gave up bis i 

fork at Del'uuw fur the lecuire plattonn. 

(ienlle. eoiirtemi):, kiiidl; to nil ; 
Liberal, brondmindfd : with henrt full 
Of the charity Hint s*-ps th..' (ir.iid i[| eifr; 
His life an iiiK|jiruti<>n tn nil whi> feel his 

18 The Lyre. 

Last year the venerable Bishop Bowman who has been a devoted 
friend of the university since its infancy resigned the Chancellorship, 
his health requiring him to give up active work. He was succeeded by 
Dr. W. H. Hickman. 

The Music School in which we are especially interested is now in a 
prosperous condition after fifteen years growth. 

James Hamilton Howe, now of San Francisco, was dean for the first 
ten years. Since that time Dean Belle A. Mansfield, formerly of the 
faculty of the College of Liberal Arts, has been director. The present 
faculty includes Dean Belle A. Mansfield, professor of musical history; 
Adolph Schellschmidt, cellist and professor of string instruments; 
Marthine Dietrichson, professor of voice; Julia A. Druley, professor of 
pianaforte,and Elisiibeth Patterson Sawyers, concert pianist and professor 
of pianoforte, pipe organ, harmony and advanced theory. An advanced 
course is offered and thorough work required. German, French and 
other required studies are taken in the College of Liberal Arts. 

The soil of DePauw University has proven a fertile one for fraternity 
life. A chapter of Beta Theta Pi was founded in 1845. This was fol-" 
lowed by Phi Gamma Delta in 1857, Sigma Chi in 1859, Phi Kappa 
Psi in 1865, Delta Kappa Epsilon in 186(), and Phi Delta Theta in 1877. 
More recently Delta Tau Delta, Delta Upsilon and Sigma Nu appeared. 
The Kappa Alpha Theta established its Alpha chai)ter at DePauw in 
1870. The Iota chapter of Kappa Kai)pa Gamma was organized here 
in 1875 and ten years later Alpha Chi Omega came into existence. We 
have also a chapter of Alpha Phi and Phi Mu Epsilon has developed 
in our school. Phi Beta Kappa, the post graduate fraternity, honored 
our institution with a chapter which completes the list. 

DePauw has long been noted for its oratory, and hiis recorded many 
victories in the state and interstiUe contests. A long list of famous 
men might be given who claim it as their Alma Mater. While the 
hundreds who have gone out during the sixty-two years of its existence 
without becoming (•«5})ec'ially distinguished, have certainly in a quiet 
way made a decided im})res!sion on the character of the Ninteenth 
Century. The future outlook of the institution is bright. The 
Twentieth (.'entury endowment fund movement bids fair to place 
within its reach ami>le funds to meet futun? demands. M. J. W. 


The I/yre* 

M. litetaiciisoH, 

20 The I/yre. 


Tell me, ye winged winds 

That round my pathway roar, 
Do you not know some place 

Where music's heard no more? 
Some college quaint and old, 

Some (juiet secure retreat, 
Where tired teachers never scold 

Nor homesick students weep ? 
The loud wind dwindled to a whisper low, 
And sighed for pity as it whispered " No." 

Oh, tell me of some dreary cave 

Some hollow in the ground • 

Where violins never scjueak 

And pianos are not found, 
Or knowest thou of some prison 

Where safe under key and lock 
Are left Freshmen who (try to) play Czerny 

And Seniors who practice Bach ? 
But music ever worshiped as a goddess fair 
Waved her wand and whispered, " Not anywhere, not anywhere." 

Oh ! tell me, thou mighty Ocean 

Wliose billows round me play. 
Can your swift ships not bear me 

To a country far away ; 
Can you take me to a peoj)le 

Who live in a favored spot 
Where Harmon v is not known 

And consecutive fifths are not? 
Where the air is free from the wail 

Of tt)aes drawled out loud and long, 


The Lyre. 21 

Of voices howling the scale 

Or trying to render a song? 
Do you know of some valley or mountain 

Where mortals calmly draw breath, 
Safe from Recitals which oftentimes 

Frighten their victims to death ? 
The loud waves rolling in perpetual flow 
Stopped for awhile, and sighed to answer, " No/' 

And thou, serenest moon, 

That with such lovely face 
Dost look upon the earth 

Asleep in nighVs embrace. 
Tell me, in all thy round 

Hast thou seen a land so blest 
That' it is free from music 

And the weary there find rest? 
Behind a cloud the moon withdrew in woe 
And a voice sweet, but sad, responded, " No." 

— Ruth Vaugiit. 

** Music is the natural expression of lofty passion for a right cause.'* 

"The art of a thing is first, its aim, and next, its manner of accom- 

Let the judgment of the public make thee always thoughtful, but 
never despairing.— Ptoen. 

Those who work faithfully will put themselves in possession of a 
glorious and enlarging happiness. — Ricskin. 

When Thalberg played a melody, it stood out in bold dynamic relief; 
not because he pounded, but because he kept the accompaniment duly 
subdued. — Christiani. 

"It is in music, perhaps, that the soul more nearly attains the end 
for which, when inspired by the poetic sentiment, it struggles — the 
creation of supernal beauty." 


22 Tfie I/yre. 


We reprint the following excellent article from a recent number of Beta Theta Pi. 

It was because I had pored long and deeply over volumes of forgotten 
fraternity lore and brave stories of the early Greeks that I felt weary 
one bleak winter night in the deserted library of the chapter-house. My 
eyes wandered from the printed page and gazed aimlessly about the room. 
From the charter which hung faintly illumined in the crimeon glow of 
the grate, they passed to the skull over the mantlepiece between the 
antlers. It chattered fiendishly, and strange lights danced in the empty 

I started and turned away. The fraternity flag in the corner drew 
my gaze. It bowed and fluttered as if in greeting. My head drooped 
lower. I saw the mystic symbols on the magazine which lay on the 
table. They seemed to swell and soar away, as if to beckon ine on. 
My head drooped lower. The glitter of the pin on my vest caught my 
eye. The three stars twinkled and darted away. I struggled, feebly 
yet unwillingly, to follow them. The diamond, too, left its post and 
beckoned me into the blackness. Faster and faster they danced and 
whirled about my head. A haze enveloped my eyes. I heard a tink- 
ling as of far off castinets, arid the haunting bars of "Gemma Nostra" 
filled the air with a soft refrain. My head drooped lower. 

And so I slept and, sleeping, dreamed. I was in a forest. Not in 
one of our poor, shattered remnants of today, but in the forest primeval 
— a mild archaic woodland, where the leaves above formed a dome of 
green and the sun's rays penetrated, softened to a feeble glow, through 
the fragrant arch. Below all >va8 soft and green and mossy. From 
fantastic crags the water trJckled in tiny cataracts, and my befogged 
brain still heard the tinkle of the castinets and the strains of "Gemma 
Nostra '' in their music. 

I wandered in ecstacy through the majestic bower, never before pro- 
faned by human tread. But as I walked the scene changed. Black 
clouds gathered overhead, and sullen rumbles hushed the songs of the 
birds. The gloom became more intense; wierd shadows flitted from 


The Lyre. 23 

tree to tree. The glare of lightning sufiuaed the forest with an un- 
earthly light, and I saw before me naked crags and masses of forbid- 
ding rocks. Gusts of wind hissed through the leaves with a menacing 
tone, which died away in the distance to a dull, moaning refrain. 

Alarmed I hurried on. Rougher and more awesome became the 
rocks, more wierd and uncanny the shadows in the gloom. A fearful 
crash and glare announced the storm. At the same time I heard in 
front of me a wild, demoniacal laugh. I turned and fled. The ground 
rocked; a tree in front of me fell, rent in a thousand pieces by the 
blasts; sulphurous fumes strangled me. The thunder crashed again, 
and I shrieked in terror as, with a blast of flame and smoke, the ground 
opened beneath me and I fell — down — down — 

^m %^ »^ %i^ *^ %^ ^^ %^ 

^^ ^^ ^* *^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ 

It was insufferably hot when I again awoke to consciousness. The 
thunder had ceased, but the odor of brimstone was still present and 
more pronounced. As my senses gradually returned and my head be- 
came clearer, I arose and looked about tne. 

I was in the great judgment hall of Wooglin, and a grand and fearful 
place it was. Black crags of volcanic rocks, seamed and rent and 
scarred, formed the walls. An arch dark as night obscured the sky. 
Jets of steam and flame escaped from the crevices in the floor at inter- 
vals. Skulls with fiery eyes glared out from corners and caverns, and 
skeleton arms waved menacingly from all sides. Bats darted hither 
and thither in the gloom, and cats of inky blackness pushed their way 
gingerly from rock to rock, and spat spitefully at the jets of flame which 
threatened them. 

The hall was filled with crimson-garbed attendants, with now and 
then a sombre-hued goblin by way of variety. Home bore between 
them limp figures, which they placed in rooms along the side 
of the hall. I looked, and saw that I was one of a row. A tre- 
mendous clatter, ending in a shriek and a dull thud, sounded from 
without, and presently the sight 6f two attendants dragging in another 
figure explained the mystery. The road to Wooglin is not an easy 
one, and these figures were new arrivals. 

At the front of the hall, in a blaze of sulphurous light, sat Wooglin 


24 The I/yre. 

himself, in judgment. Clad in black, his white beard streaming far be- 
low his girdle, he was indeed an awesome object. Bleached skeletons 
formed his throne. A mass of soft black drapery made a background 
from which gleamed steadily the diamond and three stars. A devil sat 
behind a coffin on trestles by the side of the throne where he recorded 
the decisions of the great judge in an enormous volume. He wrote 
with his tail, which he cooled for the purpose by dipping it in a vessel 
of water. A pot of blood supplied the ink. 

As I looked Wooglin spoke. "Let us to business," he said, and a 
pair of imps laid hands upon the first victim and bore him before the 

He was a typical fraternity man in appearance. The roughness and 
gawkiness of youth had been rubbed off, and in its place was that inde- 
finable air of knowledge which betokens the man who has profited by 
his contact with the world. True, he was a bit puffy under the eyes, 
and his face showed signs of dissipation, but that, perhaps, might be ex- 
pected. Young men at college are liable to sow wild oats. His rough 
and tumble entrance into the judgment hall had torn and disarranged 
his clothes, but it had not taken the jauntiness out of him. The re- 
mains of a cigarette were still between his lips, and he fanned himself 
with what was once a straw hat as he winked at the recording demon, 
who indignantly repelled his advances. 

*^ Your name, please?" 

"Charles Francis Lemmon, your honor — I jneansir," he said, hastily 
correcting himself. 

Wooglin frowned. "Did you belong to a fraternity at college?" he 

"Did 1?" said Mr. Lemmon in surprise; "well I should smile. What 
do you take me for, any way? A mucker? Why, old man, I was a 
Beta?" And he attempted to give the ancient patriarch the grip. 

The attending demon jaljbed his forked tail viciously into the vic- 
tim's calf, and with a mournful howl he subsided. 

" What did you do for your fraternity at college?" asked Wooglin. 

"Do?" Why I was the whole cheese!" the defendant modestly ad- 
mitted. " The first year I helped hold the cane at the rush, played on 
the football team, and made the gU-e club. I was the one that stole 


The Ijyre. 25 

the clapper from the college bell, and they expelled three Sigs for it. I 
managed the junior prom, and the baseball team, and went to every 
party from the time I was initiated until I — until I left college." 

"Did you graduate?" asked Wooglin. 

''Well no. I left college in my junior year," said the defendant, get- 
ting rather red. 

"How so?" 

" Well the faculty had it in for me, you know. I was teed a bit one 
night, and they jumped at the excuse. Everyone said it was a burning 
shame — to expel me, I mean." 

"Did you attend fraternity meetings?" 

"Lord, no! I had a standing date at Miss Hotstuff's Saturday 
nights. They were slow any way. All speeches, and you couldnH 

" Did you always meet your fraternity obligations?" 

"Well, I intended to, you know, but it took so much to keep things 
going that I fell behind some. I belonged to a wine club that was ex- 
pensive, and you know you could stand off some of the fellows but you 
had to put up the spon. for the other things. I was always going to get 
a pin, but never got around to it." 

"I see you wear a pin, however," said Wooglin, fixing a piercing gaze 
upon him. " Whose is that?" 

"Why, that's the chapter pin!" said the honorable Mr. Lemmon, 
with a guilty blush. I always meant to return it." 

"What good did you get from your fraternity?" 

"Why, I got to know all the girls, and the fellows always helped me 
out in classes. They put me m\) for several good oflices. Then, it was 
nice to have some fellows to bat around with, and they would always 
lend you money and help you over tight places, you know." 

"Did you always return what you borrowed?" 

" N— Not alwavs." 

"What is the Greek name of your chapter?" 

"I don't know." 

** What district were you in?'' 

" Don't know." 

"Know the songs?" 


26 The I/yre. 

"No, they were nutty." 
"Know the ritual?" 

The poor boy looked around him in a hopeless manner. The two 
demons closed in quietly. Wooglin arose. 

*^ Repeat your oath!" he said sternly. 

"But I don^t know any oath. I never bothered about those things," 
howled Mr. Lemmon. "Oh, say! don't be hard on a fellow! I did lots 
for the frat. wow ! PLEASE, MR. WOOGLIN ! " 

He said no more, for two brawny demons grabbed him, and with a 
mighty heave tossed him into an open furnace door, from w^hich 
sulphurous fumes were lazily crawling forth. There was a hiss, a sound 
as of a heavy body sliding down a rough surface, a crash, a wild howl 
or two, and a puflf of flame from the entrance. That was all. 

Then Wooglin turned to the long line which wallowed in terror on 
the ground.. "Another," he said. 

The man who appeared at the judgment seat this time was of a dif- 
ferent type. He was neatness and correctness personified. He had ar- 
ranged his torn clothing about him as neatly as possible, and his hair 
wa« plastered tightly down over his forehead. Even as he came for- 
ward lie felt mechanically for his cravat, and adjusted an imaginary 
pair of cuffs about his wrists. 

"Were you a Beta?" asked Wooglin. 

The new comer was deliberate, and he si)oke with the calmness of 
one who knows there is a great reward laid up for him. "Yes, sir; of 
Zeta Zeta chapter. I made it a point to learn the chapter names," he 
said, with a meaning look at the furnace doors. 

Wooglin looked at him narrowly. "U-m-m, yes," he said. "What 
was vour record?" 

The gentleman smiled complacently. " Well, I don't like to boast 
about it," he said, but I think 1 had one that many of my brothers 
here might copy after. I never missed a recitation, very seldom 
flunked, always attended chapel, was president of the Y. M. C. A., and 
was looked up to by all the faculty. In the fraternity I always paid 
my dues, and attended every chapter meeting. 



The Lyre. 2 

"Let me see!" said Wooglin. "I suppose you attended all the col- 
lege games, parties, etc.? 

**0h, no; I had no time to waste with them. My studies took all 
my time." 

"Did you take the college paper?" 

"No. They had a copy at the library." 

"Were you with your fraternity brethren much?" 

"No. I never had mu(;h time for that. But I was always willing 
to point out their faults, and give them advice. They needed it badly 

"Did you live in the chapter-house?" 

" No. 1 thought it might interfere with my studies." 


"Oh, no ! They had to give it up last year." 

The reverend sir began to get a little nervous, and tried to explain 
some things, but the attending devil jabbed his tail at him viciously. 

"Did you ever find fault with the management of the chapter?" 

" Why, yes. I thought there was a good deal to find fault with." 

"Did you ever suggest any remedy?" 

"I can't say that I did." ' 

"Did you ever say any words of praise to any of your brethren." 

" I— I— no, sir." 

"You generally objected to their plans, did you not?" 

There could be no equivocation before that awful eye. The poor 
man admitted the charge. He was very pale. 

'* You didn't help them carrv them out, then, I suppose?" 

"No, sir." 

"I thought not," said Wooglin. ''You were the chapter kicker, I 
believe. I have been looking for you for some time. Ahoy, my lads! 
Tell them to pepper the slide and sharpen up the splinters." And 
once more we heard the slide, the crash and the howl. 

I cannot describe the fate of the rest in detail. One by one thev 
came forward, bulging with terror. One by one they confessed their 
faults before that relentless, searching gaze. One by one they meand- 
ered down the chute with dismal cries. One man loved his fraternitv 
to the exclusion of everything else. Another used it to get into so- 


28 The I/i/re. 

ciety. One man said he got free tickets to the college games through 
his fraternity, and he only touched once or twice on his way down. 
Another hoasted that he had gotten out of all work through his fra- 
ternity connections. Another had persistently and scientifically kicked, 
and the goblins howled with glee as they booted him down the slide 
with their hob-nailed shoes. Another was glad enough to use the fra- 
ternity for his own convenience, but utterly forgot that he owed any- 
thing in return in sacrifice or accommodation. 

A little fellow^s turn finally came, and with a hopeless look he started 
for the chute without waiting for bis sentence. 

"Stay!" said Wooglin. ^'Why this unseemly haste?" 

"Oh, I am a hopeless case," said the poor fellow. "I never did any- 
thing for the frat. I couldn't run, I couldn't play football, I just man- 
aged to pass in my studies, I wasn't agreeable, I lost my temper, I 
didn't even shine in society. Oh, I was a poor Beta;" and he started 
on again. 

"But tarry a moment," said Wooglin, struck to pity by his hopeless- 
ness. "Perhaps we may yet find some redeeming trait. You loved 

"Well, I guess I did;" and the culprit's eyes shone. "What little I 
was I owed to Beta. I lived for her, and I'll die for her." 

"You know her history and legends?" 

"I spent many happy hours with Baird and the Magazine." 

"Did you pay your debts?" 

"Sir ! ! ! ! ! " 

"Pardon me. Perhaps you lent to your brothers." 

"When I was able to.'' 

"And they repaid it?" 

"Sometimes; but speak not of that. They were my brothers. It 
was theirs." 

" I am told you did much more than your share of the work." 

" It was my only way to repay the frat. for the benefits I received. 
A fraternity should l)e mutually beneficial. What I gained in knowl- 
edge and refinement, I tried to repay in work." 

"Were you always at chapter meetings?" 

" I was sick once.*' 

The Lyre. 29 

"Did you often find fault with your brothers?" 

" Being faulty myself, I did not dare." 

"Did you strive to make the fraternity a mental and moral as well as 
asocial help?" 

"I tried to live up to my oath." 

"What is your idea of Wooglin?" 

"A place of true brotherhood." 

"Right you are! " cried the old man, springing from his chair." And 
proud I am to call you brother. Never have I seen a truer Beta. En- 
ter thou." 

And as he spoke the curtains at the back rolled aside, disclosing a 
broad stairway and a glimpse of beautiful lands beyond. As they 
closed again behind our fortunate comrade, a delicious wave of pure, 
sweet woodland air swept over our fevered brows, and again we heard 
the now triumphant strains of "Gemma Nostra" in tones of exquisite 

I was next in the line. In vain I attempted to shrink out of sight. 
Wooglin's piercing eyes were fixed upon me. They seemed to burn 
into ray brain. 

"Stand up!'' he thundered. In terror I attempted to flee. The 
scene grew dark before me. I was seized by a hundred hands and 
borne swiftly along. Fire Hashed; the great liall rocked slowly, sank 
apart, and down into the velvety blackness I fell, blindly, madly into 

»tf ^1a «lf ^^ ^*f ^^ ^^ %i^ 

^^ 0^ ^r* '^ ^^ ^\* ^^ ^^ 

It was late that night when I awoke with a start and a quiver of fear. 
In excess of weariness, I had fallen from my chair. It was cold; the 
library was deserted, but above the dying embers in the grate the skull 
still grinned cheerfully. George E. Fitch, Knox, '97. 

The pangs, the races, the weary toils it cost, 
Leave not a trace when once the work is done; 

The artist's human frailty merged, and lost, 

In Art's great victory won! — Schiller. 

30 The Lyre. 




Pablished quarterly by Alpha Chapter, Banner ofllce, Greencastle, Ind. 
Subscription, 75 cents per year. Single copies, 20 cents. 
ADVERTISING RA.TES.— Full page, SIU.OO; half page, 16.00; quarter page, 18.00 each inacrtion. 

Mary Janet Wilson, Editor-in- Chitf. 
Raeburn Cowger, Exchange Editor (Alpha). 

Associate Editors. 

Alpha— Ruth Vauoiit. Epsilon— Jessie Leone Davis. 

Beta— Kate L. Calkins. Zeta— Edith 8. Prince. 

Gamma— Mabel Siller. Eta— Belle Bartol. 

Delta— Bertha Sackett. Theta— Martha C. Clark. 

Mildred Ri'tledge, Subscription Agent and Treasurer. 


The Lyre hopes that a tardy arrival will not make it less welcome 
to lis readers. 

Again we have the privilege of >velcoming a new sister chapter into 
our mystic circle. We extend to her our heartiest greetings and hope 
the pages of the Lyre will testify to all that she is fully awake to fra- 
ternity work. 

A chapter of Phi Beta Kapi)a was recently established at Wellesley 


The Lyre. 31 


It 18 with great pleasure that we are able to introduce to the sister 
chapter of Alpha Chi Omega, and to the Fraternity world in general, 
Iota chapter of our beloved Sorority. Iota chapter of Alpha Chi Omega 
was established December 8th, 1S99, at the University of Illinois, 
Champaign, Illinois. The University of Illinois is a flourishing and 
well equipped school, and is the home of six or seven Fraternities and 
four Sororities. The new Alpha Chi chapter starts with brilliant pros- 
pects, and bids fair to rival any chapter of the Sorority in active work. 
The seven charter members are representative of the school — both 
faculty and students — and of the city as well. Miss Alison Marion 
Fernie, head of the Voice department, Miss Fuller assistant of the 
Voice department, Mrs. Kinley, wife of Dean Kinley, Mrs. Daniels, 
Miss Charlotte Draper, the President's daughter, and Misses Clara Gere 
and Erdra Collins two advanced students in the Music department, 
constitute the present active members of Iota chapter. Miss Fernia is well 
known to a number of DePauw students, having had charge of the Vocal 
department here for three years previous to her going to Champaign. 

Alpha chapter had both the honor and the pleasure of establishing 
Iota, Misses Mary Janet Wilson, Raeburn Cowger, Wilhelmina S. 
Lank, Claudia Irene Hill and^Gertrudc Howe Wamsley acting as dele- 
gates. The initiation was held at the charming suburban home of Mrs. 
Daniels, where ** Billy " behaved in a very genteel manner, as was no 
more than fitting for our new chapter. Iota, however, T)roved herself 
equal to more than one emergency, and «j;ave some delightful social 
affairs the following day. On December 9th from live to eight P. M., a 
large reception was held at the home of Miss Draper, to introduce the 
infant chapter into the social realm. Despite the very inclement weather 
a large number of guests enjoyed the hospitality of the evening. At a 
later houran informal spread was held forthe more intimate friends of the 
chapter. These, together with the annual Junior Promenade the even- 
ing previous, which three of the Alpha girls enjoyed, completed the 
social events, after which Iota was trulv started in the wav she should 
go, and ** long may she live and prosper." Another bright star is added 
to our already brilliant constellation and we hope and expect to realize 
yet greater benefit therefrom. R. C. 

32 The Jjyre. 



Mae Wamsley was the guest of her sister Gertrude. 

Claudia Hill has resumed work after a long absence. 

Raeburn Cowger assisted in a concert at Brazil this term. 

Mayme O'Dell has been with us again after a year's absence. 

Maude Biddle and Daisy Estep visited Alpha for a few days. 

Mrs. Alma Dahl Dixon recently visited friends in Greencastle. 

Lydia Woods was compelled to leave school on account of illness. 

Ruth Vaught and Helen Herr are preparing post graduate recitals. 

Marie Hirt was mg,rried this fall to James Watson, of Indianapolis. 

Elizabeth Lockridge has not been active this year on account of ill- 

Lucy Andrews was unable to return to N. E. Conservatory this year 
as her health would not permit. 

Eva Osburn is teaching at her home and occasionally singing in 
concerts in neighboring cities. 

Ruth Vaught had charge of the Harmony classes for two weeks dur- 
ing the absence of Miss Sawyers. 

Helen Birch has a flourishing class in Freeport, 111. She also plays 
the organ in one of the churches. 

Ethel .Jackson has taken up college work this year. She also has 
voice work in the music school, in place of pianoforte. 

Josephine Bowman Tingley, who has been engaged in the deaconess 
work in Toronto, Canada for several years, was married this summer to 
Mr. Walter Linscott. Her home is now in New Mexico. 

p]stelle Leonard has a flourishing class in Union City, Indiana. She 
also plays the pipe organ in one of the churches. 

Janet Wilson visited Anna Poucher in Lawrcnceburg this summer^ 


The Lyre. 33 

and also spent some time with Pearl Shaw, Claudia Hill and Rose 
Meredith. Elma Patton was a guest of the latter three sisters at the 
same time. 


Miss Mabel Collins is teaching in Petoskey, Michigan. 

Major and Mrs. Colby have moved from Jackson to Albion. 

Mrs. Lu Kellar Laudig, of Chicago, visited in Albion in August. 

Miss Grace Brown has accepted a position as teacher of voice at the 
School for the Blind at Lansing. 

Interesting letters have been received from Dorothy Gunnels in Paris 
and Florence Hoag in Switzerland. 

Misses Lina and Nell Baum will spend the Winter in Tampa, Flor- 

Miss Grace Disbrow has re-entered school after an absence of one 

The Misses Calkins visited in Detroit and Port Huron during the 

The Misses Dickie spent a week at Hickory Island and later made a 
tour of the Lakes. 

Miss Maude Armstrong, of Twelfth street, Detroit, spent part of the 
Summer at Bay View, Michigan. 

Miss Katherine Roode, who was called to Albion by the illness and 
death of her father, returned to Chicago, September twenty-fourth. 

Lucie McMaster has been called to mourn the death of her father. 
She will spend part of the year in Albion at the home of Miss Alta 

Miss Mary Perine, -02, was in Cliicago during the days following Au- 
gust twenty-ninth to play in the Tennis Tournament for the Western 

Ernest Burnham, Sigma Chi, and Grace Armstrong, Alpha Chi 


34 The I/yre. 

Omega, were married at the home of Miss Armstrong's parents in Forty 
Fort, Pa., on J une twenty-second. Their home is now in Marshall, Mich. 

Cards are out announcing the marriage of Mr. Fred Milton Moore of 
Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, to Josephine Lessey Parker, in De Pere, Wis- 
consin, October fourth. They will live at 47 Marr street, Fond du Lac, 
Wis. ^ 


Miss Carrie Holbrook spent part of August in Michigan. 

•Miss Grace Richardson -spent two weeks of September in Michigan. 

Miss Mabel Dunn visited in Omaha, Neb., the latter part of August. 

Miss Alice Grammis, of Mankato, Minn., will teach in the Iowa State 
University this year. 

Mrs. Harvey D. Williams returned the latter part of September from 
Iowa, where she spent the summer. 

Miss Helen Gamble, of Perry, Iowa, visited in Evanston lately. She 
is to be married at her home October 11th to Mr. Morgan. 

Mrs. W. H. Wyckoff was surprised with a linen shower on her return 
from her wedding trip. Mr. and Mrs. Wyckoff are now living at 500 
Belden, Ave., Chicago. 

Mrs. D. G. Kingery entertained the local chapter with a quilting 
party September 19th, at her home in Argyle Park. Mr. and Mrs. 
Kingery have now moved to the South Side of Chicago. 

Miss Florence Harris, of Beardstown, 111., spent three weeks of Au- 
gust in Evanston, as the guest of Miss Cordelia Hanson, and later of 
Miss Mabel Siller. Miss Harris was one of the bridesmaids at the 

Siller-Wickoll wedding. 

Miss Margaret Barber will also spend the winter in Boston. 
Miss Elizabeth Reed Tyler spent the summer at the seashore. 
Miss Helen Orris attended the Dewey celebration in New York. 


The I/yre. 36 

Miss Giace Hammond will attend school at Ypsilanti, Michigan, this 

Miss Florence Bates spent part of her vacation visiting in New York 
and other eastern cities. 

Miss Edith Roddy will spend the coming year in Boston, studying 
at the Boston Art School. 

Mrs. Archibald Irwin entertained the fraternity and a few new girls 
very delightfully Wednesday afternoon at a fancy-work party. 

Miss Fay Barnaby has departed for New York, where she expects to 
spend the coming school year. She will study with Mac Dowell. 

Miss LucillaBlodgett, who has been studying in New York for several 
years,made her fraternity sisters a number of short visits this summer, 
giving several concerts here and elsewhere. 

Some of our girls who spent their summer at Chatauqua were Jessie 
Merchant, Belle Chase, Elizabeth McAllister and May (Jrahani, the 
latter being there off and on during the season. 


Lucy Andrews is at home in Brazil, Ind. 

Esther Elliott is teaching piano in Logansport, Ind. 

Alice Rich has a fine position teaching piano in Florida. 

Mary Johnson is at her home in Raleigh, North Carolina. 

Edith Manchester is teaching at her home in Providence, R. I. 

Jessie McNair is teaching elocution at her Alma Mater, Brooklyn 
College, Miss. 

Spicie Belle South has a large class of piano and voice pupils in 
Frankfort, Ky. 

Jessie Belle Wood expects to study under Madame Fannie Bloomfield 
Zeissler in Chicago. 

Elizabeth Mays is here in Boston studying but is making her abode 
at the hotel Barthol. 


36 The I/yre. 

Maude Collins — not able to return on account of ill health — ^is at her 
home in Rochester, Minn. 

Helen Barnard is at her home in Kennet Square, Pa., studying 
French and Domestic Science. 

Mary Kidd and Anne Burgess are at their respective homes in Hous- 
ton and Fort Worth, Texas. 

Margaret Upcraft is teaching piano at Woman's College, Frederick, 
Md., and is now preparing to give a recital. 

Madame Hopekirk gave one of her delightful artistic recitals this 
month, and we were quite proud to call her an Alpha Chi. 

Miss Maude Thompson was initiated June 17th as an associate mem- 
ber. She is one of the voice teachers here and a charming talented 
young woman. 


Miss Floss Spence is a senior at the Ypsilanti Normal this year. 

Miss Flora Koch is spending a few weeks with Iriends in Pittsburg^ 

Miss Ethel Fisk, a pledged Sister, is at present studying kindergarten 
at Toledo. 

Miss Grace Weinstein is with us again from Montana, to finish her 
piano work. 

Miss Lydia Condon has just returned from her summers' sojourn 
in the Northern Peninsula. 

Mrs. Herman Zeitz, our associate member of last year, is this year at 
Quincy, 111., where Mr. Zeitz is teaching. 

We were fortunate in having Miss Jessie Cushman, of Beta Chapter^ 
at one of our spreads during the first week of the year. 

Miss Virginia May Fisk is teaching very successfully in the School 
of Music this year. A recital to be given by her and Miss Alice Bailey 

is to be a feature of this week. 


The I/yre. 37 

Miss Gertrude Montague, of Traverse City, did not return to study 
this year, but expects to be with us for a short time in December. She 
is at present a guest of friends in Kansas City. 

Misses Rachel MacKenzie and Virginia Fisk spent several weeks this 
summer at Bay View and Charlevoix, being guests of Misses Gertrude 
Montague, Winifred Bartholomew, and Alberta Daniel. 

Miss Alice Hammond, of Meadville, Pa. , has Normal work at Ypsi- 
lanti. She is an Alpha Chi from Delta Chapter, and we have been glad 
to have her with us on one occasion and hope to for many others. 

True art endures forever, and the true artist delights in the works of 
great minds. — Beethoven. 

" Genius and Love never meet but the spirit of music is near them." 
" When the heart speaks lend thine ear — lend thine ear, for its lan- 
guage is song." 

Hark ! the numbers soft and clear 

Gently steal upon the ear ; 

Now louder and yet louder rise 

And fill with spreading sounds the skies. — Pope. 

Harmony in music does not consist merely in the construction of 
concordant sounds, but in their mutual relations, their proper succes- 
sion in what I should call their audible reflex, — DeUicroix., 

"A man of genius is always far more ready to work than other peo- 
ple, and is often so unconscious of the inherent divinity in himself, 
that he is apt to inscribe all his capacity to his work.'' 

A life of beauty lends to all it sees 

The beauty of its thought; 
And fairest forms and sweetest harmonies 

Make glad it's way unsought. — Whittier. 

" Handel, when only seven years of age, played the organ before the 
Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels, who was much struck with his wondrous 
powers, and persuaded the child's father to let him study music seriously. 


38 Tlie I/yre. 



Greetings to the SiMer Chapters of Alpha Chi Omc/ja: 

Vacation having closed, we of Alpha find ourselves busily enjoying 
all the familiar faces and places ol our dear old DePauw. After a pleas- 
ant and beneficial vacation, we were called together a week later than 
the time specified in the catalogue. This was occasioned by the meet- 
ing in Greencawtle of the Indiana Conference. About six hundred 
guests enjoyed the hospitality of Greencastle at that time, and it was 
thought wise to defer the opening of college until the week following. 
There was a large increase in the number of students over the entrance 
of last year, and that of the few years j)revious. This was true to a 
great extent in the College of Liljeral Arts and in the School of Music, 
but more especially in the School of Art. 

DePauw has been well advertised for over a year past, and has been 
the recipient of many substantial gifts from influential friends and 
benefactors throughout the state. These have come largely through the 
untirin«r elTorts of our Chancellor, Dr. W. H. Hickman. The reward is 
already <'oniing with the greater number of students. 

Alj»ha returned sixteen active girls, and two pledges, all eager 
and ready for ^tlie strife to come. Nor were we disappointed in our 
efforts. The material from which to select was exceedingly good, and 
we lost no time in «]:otting acquainted with the new girls. When the 
season closcvl seven loyal jjirls had pledged themselves to the olive and 
scarlet of Alpha Chi. During the sj>ikc we enjoyed several little 
spreads inn 1 numerous drives. One evening a six o'clock dinner was 
indulgtMl in, alter which we taried till a late hour, enjoying ourselves 
with nuisir and other diversities. 

In 11 short tini*- four of the new pk*(lgi\s were introduced into our 

mystic circle. :nul now wear the ''Lyre;" — Misses Florence Hamilton, 

Helen Adyl«)tte, Belle Barrett, and Alice l^eeson. We welcomed them 

royally, and they have [»roved that nur faith has not been misplaced. 

'Our active chapter now nuniher> twenty members. 

As yet s<*hool has proLM-essed but a tew weeks, but Alpha feels, with 


40 The Lyre. 

this large number of girls to lend life and enthusiasm, that a most pros- 
perous year is before her. We trust that each chapter may have so 
bright a future in prospect, and with that, bid a happy adieu. 

Raeburn Cowger. 


Once more school has opened and Beta girls are happy in being to- 
gether for work and for playtimes. The rushing season is quiet this 
year though there is no lack of interest in new girls of whom there are 
several desirable ones. 

The first night of the school year Florence Bailey and Nella Rams- 
dell rode the goat of Alpha Chi Omega; however, he was in a most 
merciful mood, for they since pass in and out among us with happy 
faces and proud spirits — proud in having at last entered the mysterious 

Our chapter has a happy prosi)ect; there are eleven in the chapter 
which, with those for whom we hope will give us a working force which 
ought at least to accomplish some of its purposes. Last aight all the 
girls — thirty, with our resident girls — were at the Lodge for the first 
rushing party, while just . before school opened, the Misses Calkins 
entertained at a tea party. 

The college campus is much improved through the laying of cement 

Three new Professors enter this term. Professor Blount, Chair of 
Pedagogy, Professor Burk, Chair of History in place of Professor Waldo, 
who has gone to Marquette Normal School, and Professor Stewart, Elo- 
cution and Oratory. 

A branch of the College Summer School was held in session at Orion. 
It is a resort nearDetroit, which is really quite wonderful in its beauty. 
The cottagers' Summer homos are built on islands which lie grouped 
together in one large lake. The Department of Music was in charge of 
the Misses Calkins and Miss Alta Allen taught Greek and Latin. Again 
we observe the congeniality of Alpha Chi girls, for there were six there 
and they managed to make time fly. 

With truest wishes for success and happiness to the sitter chapters. 

Yours in the bond, Bbta. 


The I/yre. 41 


Dear Sisters: — Gamma chapter feels very enthusiastic as this school 
year begins, although, as yet, we have had but one regular frat meet- 
ing since the University just opened a few days ago. 

We have had a summer club which kept us together by meeting once 
a week. We have enjoyed having Misses Jane and Gertrude Ogden, of 
Delta, with us on a few occasions. 

As we have had a chance to meet but very few of the new music girls, 
we can not tell just what the outlook is, but think, however, that it is 
goo<l, as the University has a larger attendance this year than ever 
before, and this is particularly true of the music school. 

Woman's Hall has a new dean this year, Miss Anna Bower, who is a 
graduate of Northwestern. Besides her duties as dean, she is an in- 
structor of literature in the University. 

We are proud of our new pledged girl, Elizabeth Scales, a sister of 
our active member, Katherine Scales, of Buena Park. 

Our frat hall is absorbing a great deal of our interest at present, as 
we have had our two rooms thrown into one large one, and it is being 
newly decorated. We expect to have it almost entirely in scarlet and 
olive green. We also have a great ambition now which will be realized 
in the near future, that is to have a piano of our own. 

Gamma wishes her sister chapters as happy and successful a year as 
she hopes to have. 

Mabel Harriet Siller, Associate Editor. 


Delta chapter held her first meeting Saturday, September the 9th. 
Owing to the fact that Allegheny College does not open until two weeks 
after the College of Music, our sisters who live away from here, are un- 
able to attend the first few meetings, but the town-girls meet and try 
to form some plans of work for the year. Huling's Hall, the home of 
our college girls, opens with the college this week and we expect to have 
a full meeting Saturday evening. We hope that all our girls of last 
year will be back. We will have some Senior college girls this year. 
The Pennsylvania College of Music has changed its place of ret^idence. 


42 The I/yre. 

It now occupies a larger block and will have a large recital room, with 
a seating capacity of about five or six hundred, which with the addi- 
tion of two new grand pianos and a large stage, will make it one of the 
best, if not the best recital room and concert hall in the city. The new 
pianos, especially, will be a source of great delight to the pupils. The 
pipe-organ will be placed in the center, at the back of the stage. 

The classes are fast filling up and all seems to point to a very suc- 
cessful year. We are pleased to have Miss Edeall with us again as she 
has been with us so long we think of her almost as a resident fister for 
she is here from the first meeting until the last. Miss Ruby Krick, a 
former graduate and now a member of College of Music Faculty, is a 
most delightful fraternity sister, as we who have come into the chapter 
since she finished, have discovered. We are pleased to note that all 
the lady members of the faculty are also members of the Alpha Chi 
Omega fraternity. One of the best things we have to tell you about is 
the Faculty House. It is our former school building, all remodeled and 
newly furnished, made into one of the prettiest and cosiest homes in 
the city. What is nicer still, our chapter has been allowed to keep their 
rooms in the house, which we could not have done if strangers had moved 
in, and as all the ladies in the house are members of our fraternity we 
look forward to one of the most enjoyable years in our history. 

Miss May Graham and her father occupy the first floor. Miss EdsaU^ 
Miss Ruby Krick, and Mr. Oscar Franklin Comstock have rooms on 
the second floor. 

Two of our town-girls are going away to school this fall, Miss Fay 
Barnaby goes to New York and Miss Grace Hammond to Ypsilanti^ 
Mich. Our selfish nature cannot help but show itself when we think 
of losing any of our girls even for a short time, as no matter how many 
new and lovely girls come into our chapter, we cannot spare our old ones. 

Mrij. Harry Newton HemjKstead has issued invitations for an "At 
Home" Monday afternoon. The invitations are very neatly tied with 
our fraternity colors, thus denoting that it will be an Alpha Chi after- 
noon, with the exception of a few new girls whom we wish to meet. 
We simrerely hope that all our sister chapters have as cheery an outlook 
as Delta. Flora B. Eastman. 


The I/yre. 43 


Dear Alpha Chis: — Zeta sends greetings. After a delightful sum- 
mer of rest and frolic we have come back to our work full of zeal and 
good spirits. Very few of the old girls are back and we miss the absent 
faces sadly. • At present we are in quest of those whom we think will 
make loyal and enthusiastic Alpha Chis. 

Nothing of any consequence, startling or otherwise has happened 
this year. Everything is going along in the usual routine. Our officers 
have been elected and a multitude of plans talked over, but it is a trifle 
early yet to decide upon any brilliant movement that we might attempt 
to carry out. We have determined that Zeta must in some way raise 
herself to be more of a "bright and shining light" here in the New 
England Conservatory than she has ever been before; and we are sure 
that if each girl does her best to bring honor upon her chapter the 
longed-for result will be forthcoming. 

The theaters of the city show us a tempting array of plays for this 
season. Among them Richard Mansfield in his remarkable role of 
"Cyrano;" Joe Jefferson in "Rip V^an Winkle;" Maude Adams in the 
charming play of "Little Minister," and many other excellent ones. 
With kindest regards, yours in Alpha Chi Omega, 

Edith S. Prince, Cor. Sec. 


After a summer's dealings with fiats and sometimes sharps of other 
than a musical nature, and ready to rise on the stepping-stones of our 
dead selves, Theta's members are again deep into what we trust will be 
an unusually pleasant and profitable year. The chapter has made 
rather an auspicious beginning for one so young and already shows 
evidence of becoming a prominent feature of both University and 
School of Music circles. Probably the most decided step in our pro- 
gress has been the securing of a fraternity house, where eight of the girls 
have their rooms with Mrs. Fisk as chaperone, and where all of us as a 
chapter are at home to our friends. The girls in the house ever dis- 
prove the false supposition tliat musicians are usually so inclined to 


44 The Lyre. 

disagree, for harmony prevails even after the most maddening of pranks 
and wrath-provoking stacking of rooms. 

Before the close of last year we initiated into fall membership Miss 
Alice Weinstein, of Philipsburg, Montana, and in so doing have added 
to the chapter a loyal Alpha Chi, a true musician and a worker. 

Of course summer found us broadcast at points betweeft the eastern 
coast and Montana, although a circulating letter was a pleasant reminder 
that we were still a united sisterhood. Misses Virginia Fisk and Rachel 
MacKenzie spent several weeks with Alpha Chi sisters at Traverse City 
and Charlevoix, and report many such good times as only these girls 
are capable of. Photographs taken on various occasions testify to unbe- 

The first week in our own new house we gave a spread to a number 
of new girls and were fortunate in having with us Miss Grace Hammond 
from Delta Chapter, and Miss Jessie Cushman, a Beta girl. Following 
this a nutting expedition was enjoyed by several of the girls, and at 
ball games, athletic meets, and other minor events, Theta has made 
herself manifest by attending in a body. Four new girls bid fair to 
become loyal Theta members at the next appearance of "Billy," who 
is waxing vicious on pins and carpet tacks. These are Miss Helen 
Baker of Lansing, Miss Josephine Blanchard of Port Huron, Miss Mabel 
Greene of Jackson, Michigan, and Miss Alice Reynolds from San Diego, 
Cal. We consider ourselves extremely fortunate in adding to the chap- 
ter girls so congenial and talented. 

An occasional spread follows our Wednesday evening business meet- 
ing, but lest social doings and jolly times should replace entirely our 
plan of work we have arranged to read after each meeting a paper on 
some comi>oser and his works, or some article that will help to promote 
our best interests. Our pledged girls are invited to be present for these 
papers, too, and a short musical program is made as informal as possible. 

On October 2oth, during the week of grand opera in Detroit, a theater 
party consisting of Misses Weinstein, Bartholomew, Daniel, Condon, 
Baker, Blanchard, Greene and Clark witnessed the opera "Faust," while 
some of the girls were at other performances as well. It is needless to 
say that wc did and are still enjoying our treat immensely for strains 
from "Faust*' and "The Barber of Seville" still greet the casual passer-by. 


The Lyre. 45 

Oq this, the afternoon of October twenty-eighth, a most successful 
'*At Home" was tendered all the School of Music girls, and the wives 
of the members of the faculty by the chapter. This was done at the 
suggestion of some of the faculty who were interested in having mem- 
bers of the school become better acquainted. 

We are now planning a more elaborate reception to be given very 
shortly, to which invitations will be sent to all the members of the 
faculty, and to our friends among the other sororities. A Hallowe'en 
frolic is also being anticipated. 

Trusting that our wiser and more experienced sisters are enjoying as 
prosperous a beginning as ourselves, we bid you adieu until Yuletide 
shall again bring us, with other goodies, news from you all. 

Martha C. Clark. 

Uninterrupted harmony would soon become as fatiguing as constant 
sunshine. Harmony after discord is a new pleasure; sunshine after 
rain gives new enjoyment. — Christiani. 

"Genius will always be distinguished by perpetual, steady, well- 
directed, happy and faithful labor in accumulating and disciplining its 
powers, as well as by its gigantic, incommunicable faculty in exercising 



19 John 
New York. 

Official Jeweler to 


I confine myself exclueively to a fine grade of work, and my Jeweled Badges are 
unequalled for richness and beauty. In crown setting, particularly, 

^ J' Large Jewels of Real Value J' J^ 

are mounted in true cluster form. ^ I make a specialty of pure Diamond or Dia- 
mond combination pieces. Price list, samples and estimates sent on application 
through your chapter. 

J. B. nbw:man, 

^ , , . Diamond and Fine t^* ,« • „. 

Blanafacturer of - ^ ^ .^^. ^ -^, 19 John St., N. Y. 

Jeweled Work Rings, 



High Grade Fraternity Badges 


Important to Alpha Chi Omega Fraternity : K*i„^«^S^".^«pS,'vTb7?S^ 

olllcers at the <N)tivention, we were appoiuted Officiiil Biatliix* A/alcem for your Fraternity, 
If your Ha<lRe if! stainpe<l witti our nanii'. there is nothing better made. Correspond -with us 
regarding: Fniternity Jewelry, Noveletie^ and Stationery. Samples sent on application through 
your <!hapter. Address 

U0-U2 Woodward Avenue, j» DETROIT, MICH. 



Alpha, DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana 

Beta, *. Albion, College, Albion, Michigan 

Gamma, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 

DsLTA, . . Pennsylvania College of Music, Meadville, Pennsylvania 
Epsilon, . University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 

Zeta, New England Conservatory, Boston, Massachusetts 

Eta Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania 

Theta University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 

Iota . State University, Champaign, Dlinois 



FrsBident Raeburn Cowger, Alpha 

Vice President Winifred Bartholomew, Theta 

Secretary . . Ethel Eggleston, Zeta 

Treasurer Florence Harper, Delta 


Alpha Elma Patton 

Beta Lina Baum, 211 E. Erie St 

Gamma Mabel Dunn, 1803 Chicago Ave 

Delta Elizabeth McAllister, Hulings Hall 

Epeilon Jessie Leone Davis, 2904 Vermont Ave 

JZeta . Estelle Burgheini, New England Conservatory 

Eta Belle Bartol 

Theta Martha C. Clark 

Iota Charlotte Draper 



Fannie Bloomfield-Zeisler, 

568 East Division Street, 

Cliicago, Illinois. 

riiss Neally Stevens, 

Concert Pianist. 

Alameda County, 

Residence, 5an Lorenzo. 


Maud Powell, 


40 West Twentietli Street, 

New York City. 

ilarie Decca, 

Prima Donna, 

Opera, Oratorio, Concert, Etc. 

Address, Care the Musical Courier, New York. 




ALPHA Chi Omega. 

VOL. IV. JULY, I900. NO. 4. 


The art of music takes us into a field that is widely different both in 
idea and matter from other subjects that have been before us for dis- 
cussion. The distinctive characteristic of music is that it is the im- 
mediate expression of feeling. 

As the art whose exclusive purpose is to express feeling, it comes 
nearest the heart. In it, soul is brought into closest contact with soul, 
feeling with feeling, and no other art so directly touches the emotions 
and moves the sensibilities as music. 

With this idea of music and the thought that woman in her nature 
is the embodiment of emotions, I have endeavored to gather a few sug- 
gestions, showing the place woman holds in the musical world and her 
relation to music. The real relation which woman holds to music, nat- 
urally divides itself into two heads: First, the influence of woman in 
encouraging the great composers to labor and in inspiring them in the 
production of their finest works; second, the relations of woman to the 
performance of instrumental and vocal music. 

The latter branch of the subject does not require special attention, as 
all will freely acknowledge that woman holds the sway in the world of 
song. The other branch, however, has been but little considered, and 
what is known is as a rule incorrect. 

The attachments of love, the bonds of friendship, the endearment of 


The I/yre* 

borne and the influences of society, have had a prominent part in shap- 
ing the careers of the great composers, and in giving color, form and di- 
rection to their music. In tracing the influence of woman upon music, 
we must consider her as an interpreter, mainly through the medium of 
her voice. 

It is a conceded fact that without interpreters there would be no com- 
posers. Woman has in her nature all the elements, love, pathos, pas- 
sion, poetry and religion which combine to perfect her song and to give 
true interpretation to the ideas of the masters. 

It is superfluous to emphasize the fact that the interpretation of 
vocal music is especially the province of woman. From these thoughts 
and the relation which woman is thus known to hold to music, and the 
supremacy which she has always held in the world of song, we natural- 
ly inquire, why has she not excelled in creating and composing? To 
make the study of this subject complete, would require the considera- 
tion of this question, which has as yet had no satisfactory answer. 

We cannot hope to solve the question, but only to give a few sugges- 
tions bearing upon the subject, leaving to others, better versed in the 
mysteries of the female nature, and in the peculiar powers and habits 
necessary to develop the great composer, the exact reason why woman 
has never created an important and enduring work in music. 

It would seem that woman should excel in musical composition. 

Music is the interpreter and language of the emotions. It inspires, en- 
rages, elevates, saddens, cheers and soothes the soul, as no other one of 
the arts can. It gives voice to love, expression to passion, lends glory 
to every art and performs its loftiest homage as the handmaid of relig- 
ion. Woman possesses all these attributes in a greater degree than 
man. She has a more powerful and at the same time a more delicate 
emotional force than man, her temperament is artistic, she has a sensi- 
tively strong organism, and is religious by nature. 

How is it, then, that woman, wHh all these attributes in her nature, 
receives rather than creates? In other fields of art woman has been 
creative. Rosa Bonheur is man's equal upon canvas. Harriet Hosmer 
has made marble live with a man's truth, force and skill. Mrs. Brown- 
ing in poetry, Mary Somerville in science, George Sand, Charlotte 
Bronte and Madame de Stael in fiction, have successfully rivaled man 


The I/yre. 5 

in their fields of labor. George Eliot, with almost more than mascu- 
line force, has grappled wiih the most abstruse problems of human life. 
These all stand for types of creative power, but who is to represent 
woman in music? A few works have been created by women in the 
last two centuries, but are now unknown. None of these works is in 
the modem repertory. The creative representative has been man. It 
seems natural for musical women to write songs and ballads, but they 
are short-lived. Woman has also ventured into the realms of higher 
music, but of the works of these composers not one is known on the 
lyric stage to-day. Why is this? The answer is that, having had 
equal advantages with men, they have failed as creators. 

There is a phase of feminine character which may bear upon the so- 
lution of this problem. Woman is unable to endure the discouragements 
of the composer, to battle with prejudice and indiflerence, and some- 
times the malicious opposition of the world, which obstruct her pro- 
gress. The lives of the great composers, with scarcely an exception, 
were spent in constant struggle. Such discouragements, such storms of 
fate and cruel assaults of poverty in the pursuit of art, woman is not 
calculated to endure. If her triumphs could be instant there would be 
more hope for her success in composition, but such triumphs are not 
the reward of great composers. Nearly all the great music of the world 
has been produced in humble life, and has been developed amid sur- 
roundings of poverty and stern struggles for existence. 

In this sphere of life, where music seems to have had its origin, the 
lot of woman is bounded by homely and constant care. Her life is de- 
voted to a tedious routine of labor without much relaxation and cer- 
tainly no leisure for musical efiort. 

If woman had the disposition and leisure to devote to musical com- 
position would she then succeed ? 

The answer comes she has not succeeded when she had the opportun- 
ity. There is one other way of trying to find an answer. Woman 
reaches results mainly by intuitions. She is very susceptible to im- 
pressions, and her organization, which is finely tempered, makes her to 
feel and perceive where man reaches results by a slow process of reason- 
ing. So far as music is a matter of emotion she is more sensitive than 
man, she absorbs it more quickly, if not so thoroughly. 


The lyyre. 

If music were only an object of the perceptions and simply addressed 
itself to the senses without any determinate ideas, woman would proba- 
ly have grasped it long ago. " Music is not only an art, but a science, 
and in its highest form mercilessly logical and unrelentingly mathe- 
matical. " 

For these and many other reasons peculiar to the organization to 
women, the sphere in which she moves, the training she receives, and 
the duties she has to perform, it does not seem that woman will ever 
originate music in its fullest and grandest harmonic forms. She will 
always be the recipient and interpreter, but there is little hope she will 
be the creator. 

Woman has accomplished great results in her influence upon the 
production of music, and without this influence many of the master- 
pieces might not have been written. Great composers have written 
through her inspiration. "Man may be the intellect of music, but 
woman is the heart and soul." 

What she has not done with music matters little, compared with the 
great glory and beauty she has given to music. 

Louise Sawyers Lynn., Portland, Oregon. 

Truth is never learned in any department of industry by arguing, 
but by working and observing. — Ruskin. 

The life of all that's good is one perpetual progress. Every thought 
that strengthens, purifies, exalts a mind, betters the soul so blessing. — 
P. J. Bailey. 

Every note of Mozart's is a round in the ladder of the spheres by 
which he ascended to the heaven of perfection. — Jean Paul Richter. 

The string that jars 

When rudely touched, ungrateful to the sense, 
With pleasure feels the master's flying fingers, 
Swells into harmony, and charms the hearers. 

— Rowe, 


The Lyre. 



A young woman of the preEent time as well ae a young man, owee 
it to herself to live so ae to develop her faculties in every direction. 
She must be strong and healthy 
physically and mentally, and be 
able to grapple with social prob- 
lems as well as those of finance, 
to be a critic on art, music and 
literature, ae well as to have 
proper ideas of religion and of 
. all uprightness. Since our en- 
vironment shapes us more than 
we sometimes think, what bet- 
ter way is there for us to obtain 
the greatest opportunities than 
by placing ourselves in a centre 
' of knowledge with a high stand- 
ard? Of such places in all the 
land — and here we hope you will 
smile indulgently at our "family 
pride " — we can truthfully boast 
A. A. Stanley, Musical Director, that Ann Arbor is as completely 
balanced as any. The University with its 3,300 students does not alto- 
gether overshadow the town as in some instances, neither does the town 
overwhelm the University, destroying college eaprit. 

The people of Michigan seemed suddenly to awaken to their educa- 
tional necessities about 1^17, in which year, the governor and judges, 
in the plentitude of their wisdom arose to a pitch ef legislation and es- 
tablished the "Catholepistomiad," then founded at Detroit. In that 
year also the Indians of the Northwest, notably Chippewas and Otta- 
was,granted six sections of land for purposes of education, half of which 
grant was to be given to this college. This generosity of the Indians 
may well be compared to that of Elihu Yale and John Harvard, and 

The I/yre. 

the comparison, if we judge by the amount given and not by 
implied, is to the advantage of the untutored savage. 

AoToVity ana ^gm<^e. (wi^Jft©^ 


The 8tatut«B of the "Catholepiatomiad," at once unique, absurd and 
admirable, were entirely altered in 1826, several years before Michigan 
was admitted into the Union. In that year Congress took action giv- 
ing to Michigan for a "seminary of learning" two townships of land 
granted for the support of the university. Soon after this John D. 
Pierce was appointed by the government as Superintendent of Public 
Instruction, and he waa the direct means of bringing about a compre- 
hensive scheme for the establlishment of the present University. 

Since then four presidents have efficiently guided and developed the 
University, until it is nom next only to Harvard in being the lai^est in 
this country. President .lame:' A. Angell, one of the most beloved and 

The Lyre. 

respected of men has supervised the institution for twenty-six years, 
and brought it to the height of its fame. 

Its six departments are each colleges in themseves. These d^part- 
ments are of Literature. Science and the Arts, that of Engineering, of 
Medicine, Law, Dental Surgery, and Pharmacy. The legislature has 
recently voted a generous increase in the state appropriation, so possi- 
bilities for much more extensive ideas are thus made feasible Fifteen 
of the college buildings, including the president's residence, are on the 
campus, which includes one square mile of land in the most central 
part of the town. Aside from these, upon two hills northeast of the 
city, the University Hospital and the Observatory command imposing 
positions, and the School of Music is on Maynard street, one block west 
of the campus. 

This department, though not directly a branch of the University, is 
so intimately connected with it as to be practically a part. Though 
established as recently as 1892, there are already little less than two 
hundred in attendance, and this number is steadily increasing! The 
corps of teachers and their assistants at present numbers fifteen, our 
Alpha Chi Sister; Miss Virginia Fisk, being an assistant of Alberto Jonas 
in the pianoforte department. 

Of especial interest to musical students is the recent donation of the 
Stearns collection of musical instruments to the University by Mr. 
Frederick Steams, ot Detroit. The collection consists of more than 
one thousands instruments from all parts of the world, which illustrate 
the gradual development of dififerent forms of percussion, wind, and 
stringed instruments to their present degree of excellence. The value 
of Professor Stanley's lectures upon the History of Music, which occur 
twice every week, and exemplified by this collection, can hardly be 

The fraternities of the college are without a doubt the center around 
which the social life in Ann Arbor revolves. And these are not lack- 
ing in number — there being no less than twenty-three fraternities and 
Sororities in the literary department alone, and ten others in the vari- 
ous professional schools. To Chi Psi belongs the credit of first estab- 
lishing here a chapter of their fraternity in 1845. After Chi Psi, chap- 
ters representing fraternities have been established in the following or- 


The Lyre. 11 

der: Beta Theta Pi, Alpha Delta Phi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Sigma Phi, 
Zeta Psi, Psi CJpsilon, Phi Delta Theta, Delta Tau Delta, Sigma Chi, 
Delta Upsilon, Phi Kappa Psi, Sigma Alpha Epsilon and Theta Delta 
Chi. Several others have been established but discontinued. 

The first sorority to make its appearance was Kappa Alpha Theta in 
1879, and a few years later returned its charter, only to be re-established 
in 1893. Following this came in order Gamma Phi Beta,Deta Gamma, 
CoU^ate Sorosis, Pi Beta Phi, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Alpha Phi, 
Delta Delta Delta, and Alpha Chi Omega. Besides these in the fra- 
ternity world there exists a recently established chapter of Phi Beta 
Kappa. The ten professional school fraternities, and Omega Psi, a 
sophomore inter-sorority society established in 1896. 

Martha C. Clark. 

How can one learn to know ones-sell? By contemplation never, but 
by action. Try to do thy duty and thou wilt know at once what is in 
thee. — Goethe, 

Among the various things which are suitable for man's recreation 
and pleasure, music is the first, and leads us to the belief that it is 
a gift of God set apart for this purpose.— Calvin. 

''Make yourselves acquainted with the lives and portraits of the 
classical composers; your interest will thus be heightened, and you 
seem to meet them in their works." 

Our soul sympathises with everything that is musically correct; ev- 
erything musically incorrect is logically faulty and imperfect, and there- 
fore does not accord with our feeling and our common-sense. — Dr. 

Know the cause why music was ordained? 
Was it not to refresh the mind of man, 
After his studies or his usual pain? 

— Taming of the Shrew. 


12 The I/yre. 


Once I builded pretty castle?, 
Lovely castles bright and fair, 
And I saw them quickly vanish, 
Vanish and dissolve in air. 

Other castles not so pretty, 
Not so beautiful, I made, 
And I saw them also vanish. 
Slowly crumble, slowly fade. 

I would never grow discouraged, 
Yet more castles would I build. 
Till the sunny plains of childhood 
With their ruins I had filled. 

Elmer E. Meredith. 



The women of Prance fascinate a reader of history. The versatility 
of the French woman has always been and is most remarkable. We 
love to read of the wonderful courage of the **heroine of ancient France," 
Jeanne D'Arc, and also of the lesser heroine, Jeanne Machette. Ma- 
dame de Stael and George Sand interest us as two of the greatest liter- 
ary geniuses of which any country can boast. Madame Roland, queen 
like in her bearing, her looks, her movements, elevation of thought 
and faculty of ruling, was Minister of France, although her husband 
was so called. 

Madame de Lafayette is an example of the truest conjugal devotion 
and a life of self-sacrifice. Is it not exciting to read of the lifes of Ma- 
dame R6camier as a "woman of society," and Sophie Arnauld, of such 
entrancing beauty and dramatic talent? The life of the unfortunate 
and misinterpreted girl-queen, Marie Antoinette, is so thrilling in its 

Rosa Bonheur, the inimitable painter of animals, and, in fact, in- 


The Lyre. 13 

numerable names of clever French women as heroines, novelists, sing- 
ers, actresses and artists come to mind, but we have principally to con- 
eider woman in music. 

It has been frequently and justly said that women, though they have 
excelled as executants of the musical art, have failed in the creative 
field. The brain of woman in the past has seemed to lack the creative 

It may be due to the peculiar construction of the female brain, but I 
am inclined to believe it is merely the want of proper education and en- 
vironment which causes that lack of earnestness of purpose which we 
find in men, and without which we can do nothing. 

But whatever the lack has been in the past, the present offers a great 
solace in the works of M'Ue Cecile Chaminade, a young French woman 
of most remarkable genius. 

Chaminade's compositions are theoretically true and emotionally 
unique. The tonal shading varies from tints of the most equisite deli- 
cacy to dazzling bursts of flashing color. The suddenness of the har- 
monic changes, the leaps from a tremendous fortissimo to pianissimo, 
or piano passages interspersed with crashing sforzandos, are almost, as 
has been said of Wagner's music, "hysterical in effect." 

Chaminade's melodies are most original, and her harmonies are pe- 
culiarly her own. Strange as some of these chords may sound at times, 
they are properly treated^ which causes the harmonic structure to be 
always true and pure. 

The versatility of Chaminade's compositions is most noticeabte. Her 
works for orchestra are well scored and the tone colors well chosen. As 
a ballad writer she has no superior among composers of the past or pre- 
sent. Her compositions for the piano (her favorite instrument) are ir- 
resistible gems. 

Chaminade is neither a Beethoven nor a Chopin. She lacks the 
breadth of the former and somewhat of the sweet pathos of the latter, 
but she is more than a second Beethoven or a second Chopin — she is a 
Chaminade — naive, unique, a genius of the twentieth century. 

♦An introduction to a program of Chaminade's music rendered at DePauw University by 
pupils of Miss Sawyers. 


14 The Lyre. 


The soft, rich gray of early dawn, 

Carressed the slumbering earth, 
And ageless shadows hovered near 

To wait the wondrous Birth. 
Beside that silent mystic couch 

An angel gently pleads — 
" Come forth, oh, Master, King of Kings, 

The world Thy mercy needs I" 

A vibrant awe pervades the air. 

Then sudden hush of song ; 
The birds are dumb with ecstasy, — 

Death's night had been so long: 
And Dawn's glad hosts behold at last 

The silent open tomb, 
And from its heart the dear Lord comes, 

A gift of deathless bloom. 

And Nature's thousand voiced choir 

In triumph loudly sings; — 
Celestial hosts from heavenly shores 

List, as the song up-wings. 
The angel kneels with reverence, pleads; 

" Christ, grant me one gift. 
Some token I may leave on earth 

That weary hearts may lift 

Their eyes to Thee, in loving thought, 

Thee always to adore, — 
And ever as the ages run. 

To love Thee more and more." 
A tender smile did light His face, 

Fond prayer dwelt in His eyes, 


The Lyre. 15 

And gently, with his pierced hands, 
He bade the angel rise. 

Then from His breast He plucked a flowtT, 

A radiant lily, white, 
And placed it in the angel's hand, — 

Bade sorrow take its flight. 
"Go, plant the seed in every land 

And tell the weary world 
That ever as they see its bloom 

In beauty rare, unfurl'd, — 
As long as Time shall own his sway. 

A token this shall be 
Of Life and Love, beyond the tomb, 

Through all Eternity!" 

Pearl Whitcomb Henry. 

Art is not for the end ot getting riches. Only become a greater and 
a greater artist; the rest will come of itself. — Schumann. 

Beauty is visible harmony. — Aristotle, 

Of all the fine arts, music is that which has most influence on the 
passions and which the legislator ought the most to encourage. — Napo- 
leon Boneparte, 

Merely to have learned how to learn is a great advance. — Menander. 

" They are never alone who are accompanied by noble thoughts." 

We must ever strive after the highest and never weary because others 
have earlier obtained the good to which we aspire. — Mendelssohn. 

Let the judgment of the public make thee always thoughtful but 
never despairing. — Platen, 


16 The I/yre. 


With the beginning of the fifteenth century came a new and very 
important epoch in the history of Music — the epoch of the develop- 
ment and cultivation of the science and art of polyphony. It is called 
the epoch of the Netherlanders because Netherland composers took the 
most prominent part in the movement, and were the most prominent 
figures in the musical world for more than a hundred and fifty years. 
The ground had been prepared for them by the invention and gradual 
improvement of an adequate system of notation, and by numerous 
composers, who had tried their hand at " discant." Harmonic know- 
ledge had advanced far enough to forbid parallel fifths and octaves and 
"counter-point," as discant was now called, was both written and improv- 
ised with much fluency. Those who now entered upon the tast of devel- 
oping and mastering musical materials on the intellectual side were ex- 
plorers, in spite of all that had been done since Hucbald. 

The contrapuntal forms were very incomplete; the perception of har- 
mony was crude; the means of securing all of the essential elements of 
a beautiful work of art were undeveloped. The perception of this was 
to grow gradually all through this epoch of the developmept of polyph- 
ony. We must not forget, that from 1400 up to the last decade ol the 
sixteenth century, qU culture music was polyphionic. 

The Netherlanders were the first to produce compositions of any 
aesthetic value on the basis of modern harmony and counterpoint; and 
the composer who first acquired pre-eminence among his contemporaries 
was William Dufay, a Belgian. Dufay was a tenor singer in the Sistine 
Chapel at Rome, where his contrapuntal masses, the oldest of the kind, 
are preserved. He is generally credited with the invention of the canon. 
This pioneer was a musician of great ability and headed the first epoch 
of the School of Music of the Netherlanders. 

The representative of the second period of this great epoch is John 
(or Johannis) Ockenheim, a learned majster of all the intricacies of 
counterpoint. He brought this art to great perfection, and won such a 
high reputation among his contemporaries that he was afterward named 
the ''patriarch of music." Ockenheim practiced the art not only in 


The lyyre. 17 

his own country, but in Italy, in France, and in Austria, thus giving 
other nations the benefit of his wonderful knowledge and experience; 
and was everywhere regarded as its highest ornament. His canons are 
considered more elaborate than Dufay's, for the reason that Dufay had 
written them only in unison and octave. Ockenheim wrote them in 
the fourth and fifth, and is also accredited with the invention of double 
counterpoint. It was his task as well as that of other composers in his 
epoch, to develop the contrapuntal technic. The intellectual world has 
ever since reaped the benefit of their exertions, a mental activity which 
changed the whole aspect of musical history. Though not credited 
with the origination of principles, he is highly extolled for his practical 
appreciation of those already acknowledged. 

Ockenheim's greatest pupil, and the greatest composer of his time 
was Josquin Des Pres, who is the representative of the third period or 
epoch. A consummate master of counterpoint in all its varied intri- 
cacies, he was able by means of his great genius to infuse into his 
works, sacred as well as secular, a modern spirit of art expression. 
Indeed, it is said, the art of counterpoint really culminated in his 
work. In his early youth Josquin was a member of the choir of the 
collegiate Church of St. Quentin. We next find him taking lessons oi 
Ockenheim. Several years after Pope Sixtus invited him to Rome to 
teach his art to the musicians of Italy, whose musical knowledge at 
that time was at a low ebb. His reputation grew rapidly, and he was 
considered to be the greatest master of his age. Luther, himself an ex- 
cellent musical amateur, is credited with saying that ^^ other musicians 
do with notes what they can^ Josquin what he likes.''' 

The composer's journey to Rome is, in itself, a most important event 
in the history of musical progress, for it marks, in a manner, the trans- 
ference of the art from its Gallo-Belgian birthplace to Italy, which for 
the next two centuries, remained the centre of the musical world. The 
reputation of these Northern musicians was then so universal that for- 
eign princely courts, churches, and schools engaged the Netherlanders 
as chapelmasters, organists, singers and teachers. It is thoroughly 
characteristic of the first three epochs that no attention whatever was 
paid to suiting the music to the emotional character of the words. 

This indifierence to truthfulness of musical expression was carried to 


18 The Lyre. 

the extreme of grotesqueness. In the contrapuntal masses., not only 
were secular melodies employed as counter-subjects to the Gregorian 
plain-song, but the words of these secular songs were also retained, and 
were interwoven with those of the sacred oflSce. 

Josquin seems to have had a sufficiently strong feeling for the emo- 
tional element in music to see the propriety of selecting secular melo- 
dies and words as nearly allied as possible in sentiment to the sacred 
words with which they were to be associated. Practically, the technic 
of polyphonic composition was complete within the limits of the tonal- 
ities of the mediaeval scales. 

Adrian Willaret, the representative master of the fourth epoch, was 
one of those who settled in Venice, where he became msestro of St. 
Marks, and who, by means of his compositions and teachings, exercised 
a great influence on the rising young Italian school of music, of which 
he is considered the founder. Willaret's complicated polyphonic music 
was made more intelligible to his hearers by dividing it between two 
choirs, situated at either end of the Church, in the two organ galleries. 

Being successful in this, he carried it still further, till finally he had 
nine choirs, each of four parts, thirty-six parts in all. Willaret's secu- 
lar music like his church music was polyphonic. He set secular songjB 
for five, six and seven voices, according to strict contrapuntal rules. 
The compositions were called madrigals. They were the fashion in 
secular music through a large part of the 16th century, and until they 
were supplanted by the air and recitative, after the invention of the 

Two pupils and successors of Willaret contributed very materially 
to the transformation of poplyphony into e^ipressive music. These 
were Cyprian de Rose, a Netherlander by birth, and Gioseffe Zarlino, 
an Italian, the first of his nation to rival the Netherlanders in their own 
field. De Rose wrote a vast mass of Catholic Church music for St. 
Mark's, and a large number of madrigals. His most important service 
to musical progress was in the innovations to be found in his "Chro- 
matic Madrigals." Up to that time Madrigals had conformed their 
tonality to the Gregorian scales, which formed the basis of church 
music. His free use of chromatic intervals, greatly increased the ex- 
pressive possibilities of music. Zarlino succeeded de Rose. He wrote 


The Lyre. 19 

a greai'deal of excellent music^ but his greatest contribution to musical 
progress was in the domain of theory. He was the most thorough and 
original writer in harmony and acoustics, and his writings had a great 
and far-reaching influence on musical intelligence. 

But the most eminent among all the Netherlandish musicians was Or- 
landus Lassus, who was for a great number of years Kappelmeister at 
Munich, where his best life work was done. Lassus was great in every 
form then cultivated, masses, motets, chansons, leider. He had only 
one great rival, the Italian Palestrina. The art of the Netherlanders pos- 
sessed in Lassus not alone its most distinguished, but also its last great 
representative. With the departure of the great musician the former in- 
fluence of the Netherlanders began to disappear. We cannot, however^ 
think of closing this paper without mentioning the great Palestrina, 
who was educated at Rome by Claude Goudimel, a Netherland teacher 
and composer of great merit, who founded the first public music school 
in Rome. 

Perhaps many persons are not aware that Palestrina's fame is largely 
due to an accident of history. The council of Trent in 1563, discussed 
the abuses which had crept into the church music, being fully alive to 
the influences of these evils ; for now that polyphony was fully devel- 
oped, people had begun to feel the necessity of using music as a means 
of I'tnotional expression. The success of the Lutheran movement in 
(Germany was attributed to the popular music introduced by Luther, 
the emotional efiect of which was very diflerent from that of the poly- 
phonic masses of the Catholic composers. The council had about de- 
cided to abolish all culture music from the Catholic church, retaining 
only the Gregorian chant. But wiser councils prevailed. It was sug- 
gested that at least one experiment should be made to determine whether 
the highest form of music known could not be made to subserve the 
highest religious ends. 

Palestrina was commissioned to write some music, the efiect of which 
should decide the fate of Catholic Church music. He composed three 
masses, one of which, especially, dedicated to the memory of his patron, 
Pope Marcellus II. called the"Missa Papee Marcelli" may fairly be 
considered not only the culmination of the polyphonic music of this 
great epoch, as regards all the requirements of an art-work, intellectual, 


20 The Lyre. 

— - • 

emotional, and imaginative, but also as the culmination of Catholic 
church music even to the present time. The success of these masses 
was immediate, and nothing was said of returning to the bold simplicity 
of the Gregorian chant. They were classical music in every sense of 
the word. Their excellence was such- that they have exerted a powerful 
influence down to the present time, and there are no signs of its waning, 
Palestrina's death, therefore, marks not only the culmination, but the 
close ot the first great classical epoch. During the reign of the Nether- 
landers in the realm of music other European nations were not idle in 
trying their powers at conception. The Italians especially, under the 
tuition of the Netherlanders became gradually initiated into the art 
practice of those northern contrapuntists, and being gifted with a natural 
sense for melody and artistic form in general, they soon surpassed their 
masters, and eventually became*the leaders in musical art for two cen- 
turies. The musical forms which received their first artistic develop- 
ment at the hands of the Netherlanders were those of the mass, motet, 
and secular chanson, all based principally upon the art of artificial coun- 
terpoint as employed in the ancient fugue or canon. That peculiar union 
of sacred and secular elements, in taking a popular chanson and mak- 
ing it the basis for learned contrapuntal combinations, which found a 
place in many of the masses of this early epoch of modem music, was 
very much cultivated by the Netherlanders. Next to the chanson, as 
cultivated by Flemish and French composers, the madrigals became 
the most popular artistic secular form, especially cultivated by the Ital- 
ian composers; the madrigals of these are some of the finest productions 
of this epoch. 

In the year 1502, Petruccio DaFassanbrone invented the printing 
of notes with movable types. Music in all its branches was already, 
at this early time, an important factor in the religious and secular life 
of the people, and in its advance, is like the electric telegraph, gradually 
encircling the whole globe. 

'* Myriads join the fond embrace! 
Tis the world's inspiring kiss!" 

Mrs. H. H. Yergin, Union City, Ind. 


The I/yre. 21 




Pabllahed quarterly by Alpha Chapter, Banner office. Greencastle, Ind. 
8ub§cription, 75 cents per year. Single copies, 20 cents. 
ADVERTISING RATES.— Full page, $10.00; half page, 10.00; quarter page, 18.00 each insertion. 

Mary Janet Wilson, EdUor-in-Chi^. 
Raxbubn Cowgxr, Exehangt Editor (Alpha). 

Associate Editors. 

Alphar-RuTH V AUGHT. Epsilon— JESSIE Leone Davis. 

Beta— Jennie E. Dickinson. Zeta— Estelle Buroheim. 

Gamma— Mabel Siller. Eta— Belle Bartol. 

Delta— Bbbtha Sackett. Theta— Virginia May Fisk. 

Iota— Charlotte Draper. 



The Lyre does not expect to visit its readers again until after the 
next convention. It has had a satisfactory career in most respects thus 
far, and we trust that arrangements will be made for even better things 
in the future. There is nothing that will in our opinion build up the 
fraternity and place it on a broader foundation as surely as a united ef- 
fort to keep up The Lyre as a first-class journal. Each chapter should 
sacrifice some local enterprise, if need be, in the interest of this general 
enterprise. We trust that each chapter will carefully consider the mat- 
ter and plan for hearty co-operation. 

On October 15th, 1900, Alpha Chapter will celebrate its fifteenth 
birthday. We do not yet know how extensive the celebration will be. 

It is with great pleasure we print the first letter from Iota. The 
Lyre expects great things from our new chapter. 


22 The I/ifre. 

The courts have confirmed the decision of Judge Russell in regard to 
the case of Beta Beta Chapter against Kappa Kappa Gamma. The 
chapter has the right to retain its charter, and the cost of suit must be paid 
by the general fraternity. We quote the following from Beta Theta Pi. 
"If the governing body of the fraternity had doubts two years ago as to 
whether there was among the young ladies of St. Lawrence University 
sufficient or suitable material to maintain a chapter, such doubts have 
probably been dispelled by this time. Of the twenty-seven chapters 
constituting the fraternity, there are probably not half a dozen which 
had the resources of pluck, hard work, patience, money and friends to 
defend themselves as this chapter has done. Instead of being a weak 
chapter, it is and always has been one of the strongest in the fraternity. 
It has made a fight which has deserved to win, not only because of its 
righteousness, but because of its courage and skill." 

The Latch String is a quarterly publication in which Beta Beta Chap- 
ter of Kappa Kappa Gamma endeavors to plead its cause and make 
its position understood by its own and other fraternity organiza- 
tions. It is a very commendable enterprise and we trust will accomp- 
lish its mission. 

We take the liberty of inserting the short article on Chanimade 
without the permission of the writer. We did not wish to omit some 
mention of this talented woman when publishing an article in regard 
to the general deficiency of women in this field. 

Zeta is to entertain the convention next fall, and is no doubt busily 
planning for it. Each Chapter should send delegates well informed as 
to the important matters to be discussed. We call attention especially 
to matters of vital importance — the Lyre and Song Book. The latter 
should now be pushed. Some good songs are already in the hands of 
Gamma, and others should be sent. Then good arrangements of the 
old favorite airs and our old songs should be included in the new col- 
lection. The editor of the Lyre is ready to correspond with any Chap- 
ter secretary in regards to its needs, so that all may be informed on 
that subject. The summer is a good time for the grand officers, cor- 
responding secretaries, associate editors and others upon whom the 
responsibility of the work rests, to push matters. 


The Lyre. 23 




Daisy Estep attended commencement. 

Louie Rush was married this spring and will reside in Kansas. 

Ethel Jackson and Elmena Lank will visit Flora Brumfield in July. 

Lulu Parkhurst was married to Baird. Her address is Bourbon, 


Ethel Jonep, Pearl Ellis and Elizabeth Pleak were our most recent 

Helen Birch will return home in July for a vacation from her teach- 
ing in Preeport, 111. 

* Carrie Little was in school the third term and expects to finish her 
college work next year. 

Estelle Leonard has a large class in Union City. She recently gave a 
recital with her pupiln. 

Mrs. Albertta Miller Ruick made us a flying visit in June. Her 
home is now in Indianapolis. 

Helen O'Dell and Okah DeVore came over for a few days' visit and 
to attend Mary O'Deirs junior recital. 

Mrs. Florence Thompson Taggart, now of Indianapolis, will visit 
Europe this summer with her husband. 

Mrs. Donna Williamson Stonecypher, a pledged member of Alpha, 
died at her home in Noblesville in January. 

Mrs. Mayme Jennings Roberts attended commencement and sang at 
the Alumni meeting with more than her usual brilliancy. 

Rose Meredith is studying with Liebling for a part of the summer. 
We hope to have her with us for her senior work in the fall. 

Alpha received a photograph of Maude Powell, sent from London. 
She has on a new fraternity pin. It is a great honor to Alpha Chi 
Omega to have the lyre worn by so distinguished an artist. 


24 The I/yre. 


The Misses Clarissa and Ada Dickie were in Detroit during the Holi- 

Miss Maude Armstrong of Detroit visited Miss Kate Calkins in 

Miss Ora Woodworth is visiting in Detroit and attended the wedding 
of Miss Teft. 

Miss Lucie McMaster visited a few weeks before Xmas at the home 
of Miss Alta Allen. 

Married, May 25, 1900, Miss Louise Birchard and Mr. Arthur McClen- 
tock. Detroit will be their home. 

Miss Mamie Dickie is home again after a several months stay in Den- 
ver, Colo. She is much improved in health. 

Miss Orpha Willis of Onondaga, Mich., was entertained by Mies 
Louise Sheldon a few days the first of February. 

Miss Grace Disbrow completed her work in the conservatory Xmas, 
and is spending the winter at her home in Wheatland,^ Mich. 

The Misses Lina and Nellie Baum, who have been spending the win- 
ter in Tampa, Fla., have just returned to Albion, and report a most de- 
lightful time. 

Miss Elizabeth Teft of Detroit, and Mr. Reese Smith of St. Johns, 
Mich., were married in Detroit May 25, 1900. They will make their 
home in St. Johns. 

On Oct. 11, Miss Mertie White and Mr. Geo. Claude Longman of 
Chicago, were married at the Presbyterian Church in Albion. They 
will make Chicago their home. 


Miss Florence Childs spent part of April in Indiana. 

Miss Grace Richardson has returned from a month's visit in Norfield, 

Miss Cornelia Porter, of Baraboo, Wis., visited the Alpha Chis in 


The I/yre. 26 

Mrs. D. 6. Kingery, ot Chicago, gave an oyster supper to Gamma 
capter April 14th. 

Miss Blanche Hughes visited Misses Jane and Beulah Hough, of Jack- 
son, Mich., in the fall. ^ 

Miss Florence Harris, of Beardstown, 111., was the guest of Miss Mabel 
Siller the early part of December. 

Miss Theodora Chaffee visited in St. Louis, Mo., in February, and 
at French Lick, Indiana, in April. 

Miss Maytie Vaughn was the guest of Miss Irene Snyder, at Mowe- 
qua. 111., for the Christmas holidays. 

Miss Irene Snyder was soprano soloist in the oratorio ^^Josiah" given 
by the North Shore Choral Society, recently. 

Miss Lisbeth Phelps is now at her home in Port Huron, Mich., hav- 
ing spent several months in California. 

Miss Florence Harris, of Beardstown, 111., was in Evanston, for two 
weeks in February, having come to attend the Pan-Hellenic Prome- 

Gamma chapter entertained the Woman's Club of the Northwestern 
University Settlement, March 31. After a musical program light re- 
freshments were served. 

Miss Helen Gamble, of Perry, la., and Mr. Leslie Morgan were mar- 
ried October tenth at Perry, Iowa. Mr. and Mrs. Morgan are now liv- 
ing in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Mrs. H. D. Brown (nee Miss Ethel Lilly blade) visited her AX sisters 
in Evanston in October. Dr. and Mrs. Brown were on their way to 
Denver, where they are now living. 

Miss Suzanne Mulford and Mr. William Felton Hain were married 
October tenth in New York City. Mr. and Mrs. Hain are now living 
at Hotel St. George, Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Zella Home and Beth McAllister will graduate from college this 


26 The I/yre. 

Miss Sara Evans has been in New York continuing her vocal work. 

Miss Blanche Stevenson, of Utica, visited Miss Zella Home at Hul- 
ing's Hall. 

May Graham has recovered from an attack of nervous prostration and 
is teaching again. 

Nelle Crissman was obliged to leave college on account oT illness and 
h»»8 not yet returned. 

Susanne Porter, who enjoyed a three months' sojourn in the Bahamas 
returned the first of May. 

Misses Harriett McLaughlin, Zerilda Trax, Clara Lord and Mabel Lef- 
fingwell are Delta's new girls. 

Anna Ray, who has been pursuing her musical studies in New York 
during the winter has returned home. 

Mrs. Mauley O. Brown, Misses Sara Evans and Anna Ray attended 
Fern Pickard^s wedding at Jamestown, N. Y. 

Miss Ruby Krick, of the Pennsylvania College of Music faculty, is 
spending her vacation at her home in Conneautville. 

Mr. Charles W. Barnaby and family have moved to New York where 
Fay is studying with Wm. C. Carl in the organ school. 

Juvenilia Porter, having spent the winter in New York, has returned 
to Meadville to spend the summer with her aunt, Mrs. John Dick. 

The following is the program of a concert given by Delta during the 
winter term : 

Meiidehtnthn Trio Op. 49. Andante. Finale 

Miss Porter, Mr. Guerdon, Mr. Lord. 

Wickedc Henensfratehling 

Miss Mojer. 

Godnrd Bspagsole 

Miss Bates. 

dodnrd Berceuse (From Jocelyn) 

Miss Ray. 
Violin Obligato by Mr. Guerdon, 'Olio by Mr. Lord. 

(iottzf Calm as the Night 

Miss Moyer, Mr. Sheparson. 

Pinntt Solo Selected 

Miss Byers. 

Saint Saenn Fair Springtime Beginning 

(From Samson et Delilah) 
Miss Eastman. 


The liyre. 21 

Fintuti Bedouin Love Song 

Mr. Sheparson. 

Verdi-Lifzt Rigoletto 

Miss Porter. 
Miss Chase, Mitia Porter, Accompanists. 

Bertfaa Sackett gave a piano recital, assisted by Alta Moyer in three 
vocal numbers, at the College of Music, Wednesday, May ninth. Fol- 
lowing is the program : 

Sonata In D • • • • • • Haydn 

Koctame Meyer-Helmund 

Song— The Dear Blue Eyes of Spring . . Kles 

Nocturne, G minor . . .... Chopin 

Waltc, aflat Chopin 

Song— Oh, Maiden With the Eyes So Blue . . Bianca Fleischmann 

Song— The Rosary . Oscar Franklin Comstock 

In der Naoht Schumann 

Romance, F sharp Schumann 

Arabesque Schumann 


Five ^Is frcm our chapter graduate as soloists this year. 

Examinations in harmony and sightreading are on this week. 

Alida Handy has been enjoying a visit from her mother the past two 

Edith Manchester comes in from Providence once a week for a lesson 
with Mr. Klahre. 

Elsbeth Mayo is going on a concert tour through the White Moun- 
tains during the summer. 

Olga Brandenburg sailed from New York on April 14, bound for 
England. Thence she will go to Paris, where she will study for several 

Estelle Burgheim and Lilla Johnstone are to spend next year in 
Florence and Paris studying voice with Vannuccini. They will sail 
from New York in August. 

Grace Phillips, Estelle Burgheim, Estelle McFarlane, Nelle Jones, 
Fannie Heaton, Pearl Sherwood Elizabeth Egleston, Blanch Best and 
Ethel Middaiigh are among the Frat girls who have taken part in recent 


28 The I/yre. 


Misses Montague, Weinstein, Daniel and Clark attended Irving per- 
formances in Detroit. 

Miss Alice Reynolds and Miss Weinstein, spent Christmas vacation 

with friends in Chicago. 
Miss Winifred Bartholomew spent three weeks during the holidays 

at Atlanta, Ga., a guest of her sister. 

Miss Mary Tinker went to her home in Wheeling, West Virginia, for 
both Thanksgiving and Christmas vacations. 

Miss Maude Breckenridge, of Toledo, has been spending a few days 
at the Alpha Chi House, a guest of MIfs Fisk. 

Miss Ethel Fisk, who is studying this year at Toledo, spent two 
weeks during the holidays at the Alpha Chi House. 

Miss Flora Koch entertained Theta Chapter at her home on January 
17, and Miss Floss Spence during the week following. 

Miss Gertrude Montague, of Traverse City, spent several days at the 
Alpha Chi House before Christmas, and is at present with us for another 
short visit. 

Miss Alice Reynolds has recently been ofifered a most flattering po- 
sition as instructor for the Hawaiian Islands, but for several reaflons 
decided not to accept. 

Misses Fisk, Bartholomew, Daniel, and Blanchard were invited by four 
members of the Chi Psi fraternity to attend the Senior hop at Orchard 
Lake on January 19. While there they were guests of Professor and 
Mrs. Groom. 

MusiQ is the best painter of the souFs state and feelings — and the 
worst of realistic objects. — Ambrose. 


The Jbyre. 29 


Dtar Sisters : 

The past year has been one of great prosperity for Alpha, as we had 
about the laigest initiated membership in our history. We have also 
rented a chapter house, in which a number of the girls reside and where 
we hold our meetings and any social functions. 

We lost two members this year by graduation, Pearl Shaw and Rae- 
burn Cowger. Helen Herr, Ruth Vaught and Mildred Rutledge have 
been with us for post-graduate work. We have also had the pleasure 
of having Rose Meredith with us, who was the first initiate of Alpha. 
She has been teaching for several years and returned for some addi- 
tional work. 

A pleasant event of the last term was a visit from Miss Lucie Mc- 
Master of Beta. Although a stranger to us at the start, it did not take 
us long to learn that an Alpha Chi is an Alpha Chi always, and we had 
a delightful time with her, and hop.e often to have the pleasure of en- 
tertaining other sisters in the same manner. 

We planned for a lawn party before commencement, but just as the 
guests began to arrive a rain drove us indoors, greatly to our disappoint- 
ment. The affair passed oflf very satisfactorily, however. About a hun- 
dred guests were invited. 

While a number of our members may not return next fall, we hope 

to have most of them back, and look forward to a good year of school 

and fraternity work. 

With best wishes for all^ 


Beta again sends greeting to her sister chapters. 

The school year, so far, has certainly been a most successful one for 
our chapter; at the beginning of the fall term we started with an active 
chapter of eleven enthusiastic girls and during the term we initiated 
Mrs. Bolster as an associate member and seven new girls — Mildred 
Coonsman, Myrtle Hataweli, Mattie Miller, Henrietta Niggeman, Mary 


30 The Ijyre. 

Master, Winnifred McDonald and Lottie Weed, every girl whom we 
bid became an Alpha Chi. We had several very pleasant informal 
parties just for the girls at the Lodge, but entertained our gentlemen 
friends only once last term, Halloween evening when we had a most en- 
joyable time; the Lodge was tastefully decorated in autumn-leaver, 
corn-stalks and evergreens and lighted by many jack-o-lantems; it was 
a Ghost party and each person came masked and dressed as a ghost. 
Voices were disguised, and everyone was curious to know who his or 
her neighbor might be when supper was announced and the masks 
were removed. 

On October 19th three girls from this chapter, Misses Lina Baum, 
Winnifred McDonald and the writer, attended the first annual anni- 
versary of Theta Chapter at Ann Arbor, Mich. We were royally enter- 
tained and greatly pleased to note the growing strength and enthusi- 
asm of our sister chapter. 

The winter term finds the girls all busy with their work. Pour of 
our number are not back this term. 

Just now we are all much interested in planning for a Heart Party 
which is to be given to our gentlemen friends on the evening of Feb- 
ruary 13th. This is to be our big party of the year and we anticipate 
a very jolly time. 

We expect to give our annual concert the first part of March and 
preparations for it are in progress at the present time. 

With love and best wishes to each Chapter, 

Yours in the bond, 

Jennie E. Dickinson. 

Dear Sisters: — 

The winter term was an unusually busy one for our chapter, all the 

girls had heavy work in school and there was a great deal going on in 

the way of concerts, lectures, parties and receptions. Our Heart Party 

which we gave Feb. 13, was a great success, and was one of the most 

enjoyable events of the year. On the evening of Mar. 14, we gave our 

eleventh annual concert in the college chapel. We append the program 

to this letter. The house was full and the various numbem on. the 


The I/yre. 31 

program were all very well rendered and the finals at the close was espe- 
cially pleasing ; our concerts have come to be looked upon by the town 
people as well as the students as one of the things of the year which they 
can not afford to miss; the concert this year was a great success in the 
the financial way, after paying our expenses we deposited a neat sum 
in the bank. April 17 we had a rare treat in the form of a Greek 
play, "Iphigenia," given by the students ot the Greek department un 
der the direction of Prof. P. S. Goodrich. 

Our Music Festival will be May 8, 9, 10 and will consist of four, 
concerts, we are looking forward with much interest to it; among the 
artists are Madam Ragna Linne, Edwin Charles Rowdon, Arthur Freid- 
heim and Madam Van Den Hende. 

The spring term has opened very pleasantly, Albion is especially 
happy at present over winning four base-ball games from sister colleges 
in the state, thus far we have not lost a game; tomorrow Northwestern 
Union plays here and we hope if not to win at least to make a very 
good score. The college has recently purchased a new athletic field 
and great plans are in progress for better athletics for next year. Beta 
sends love and best wishes to each sister chapter. 

Yours in the bond, 

Jennie E. Dickinson. 


ChoniB " Sweet May " Bamby 

Beta Chapter. 

PUno Solo ** Valse Caprice •' .• Strek*ki 

Miss Louise Sheldon. 

Violin Duo '........ Dancla 

Mrs. Mattle Reynolds-Colby, Miss Florence Hoag. 

Vocal Solo, " Were I a Sunbeam " Vidal 

Miss Nella B. Ramsdell. 

Piano Quartette, " Polonaise Brilllante " Op. 72 C. M. Von Weher 

Misses Hats-well, Ferine, Koonsman, Trlphagen. 

Violin Solo, »*Alr Varle " De Beriot 

Miss Hoag. 

Piano 8<Jlo, " La Polka de la Reine " Raff 

Miss Florence Bailey. 

Fan tasie (for piano and organ) Brtwit 

Mrs. Bolster, Miss Pickle. 
Accompanists: Miss Calkins and Miss Dickie. 


32 The I/yre. 

Dear Sisters: — 

With the New Year, we extend our best wishes to our sister chapters 
and wish them every success in their work. 

We have our programs as usual every week, and enjoy our new piano 
ever so much. 

There have been many very good students' recitals in which our Al- 
pha Chi sisters have taken part in a way which is very complimentary 
to the fraternity. In a recent faculty recital Mrs. Coe's number was 
one of the most brilliant of the program. 

Several of our girls are singing in the Evanston Musical Club this 
year. The club gave HandePs ** Messiah" December fourteenth, and it 
was a great success. The soloists were Mrs. Sanger Steele, soprano; 
Miss Mabelle Crawford, alto; Mr. Glenn Hall, tenor, and Mr. Arthur 
Van Eweyk, basso, all of whom are well known about Chicago. The 
chorus was very fine. It consists of one hundred and forty voices and 
is under the direction of Prof. P. C. Lutkin, the Dean of the School of 

Gamma wishes that something might be done on the song book, but 
that is impossible until all the songs are in, and several chapters are 
behind hand in this matter. 

Since the last Lyre, Gamma has initiated two new girls, Mabel Bai- 
ley of Kansas, and Ruth Inglis of Evanston. Both of the initiations 
were attended by most of our alumna* who live near, and were very 
enjoyable occasions. We have been entertained recently by Misses 
Ericson, Dunne and Siller, also by Mrs. Harvey D. Williams. 

It is now getting so near the end of the school year that our Seniors 
are very busy with their recitals, which each one has to give. The 
Senior class of the School of Music effected an organization of which 
Mabel Dunn was chosen President and Carrie Holbrook Secretary and 
Treasurer, both of whom are Alpha Chi's. 

On ^[arch 24th the chapter, chaperoned by Mrs. G. A. Coe, attended 
Mme. Fanny Bloom field-Zeisler's recital at Central Music Hall in Chi- 

Nearly every fraternity at Northwestern gives one formal party a 


The Ijyre. , 33 

year and we have just issued invitations for ours, which is to be May 
4th at the Evanston Boat Club. 

Gamma sends kindest wishes to all her sister chapters. 

Mabel Siller. 


Again spring has come with her flowers and sunshine, but with all 
the brightness, we cannot forget that another school year is almost gone. 
We are to lose two girls this commencement, girls who have been with 
us during four years, and of course that will make a decided break in 
our circle, 

The year, as a whole, has been a very quiet one, but pleasant. At dif- 
ferent times we have come in contact with the other girls' fraternities, 
but since right will prevail, there is no need to tell who came out with 
flying colors. Five new names have been added to our roll. Misses 
Harriet McLaughlin, Clara Lord, Zerald Trax, Mabel Leflingwell and 
Marie Waters. All are Meadville girls except the last one mentioned, 
who is from Naahville, Tenn. 

Although the chapter has been quiet, it does not follow that we have 
been inactive. One of the results of our doing and industry is a new 
piano. Then at Christmas time, according to an established custom, 
different members of the chapter presented the rooms with a beautiful 
chair, one or two pictures and some other ornaments. Another affair, 
which we consider very successful, was a concert given by some of our 
girls. The program was excellent and later in the evening tea was 
served. However, the latter is but one of a series of entertainments, 
which we hope to give before the end of the year. Already the plans 
areipade and the work started for producing the farce, *' Thank Heaven, 
the table is set.'^ 

All ihese affairs show you what a good time we have. But before I 
stop writing, I must not neglect to tell you of one more. Last term, 
on^ of our active members living in town entertained us at a very 
pretty afternoon tea. We were not allowed to idle away our time, but 
♦ere induced to spend it in searching for the names of Dickens' works 
in a printer's pi made of those same names. The lucky one, who put 


34 The Ijyre. 

her pi in the best order in a certain time received an appropriate reward 
Afterward light refreshments were served and a short musical program 

And now as I come to the end of this letter I am reminded that for 
some time we shall not hear from you Alpha Chi girls in the distance. 
But it is only for a short time. After a few months' vacation, the ma- 
jority of us will be back in our places, hard at work again. And then 
these letters must be continued. It would be a severe blow to the fra- 
ternity to lose its magazine, the one thing that keeps us informed about 
each other and so, in a certain sense, in touch with each other. Do 
you not think so? It is the sincere wish of Delta that Alpha Chi 
Omega and her chapters may always be happy, strong and successful. 

Jessie Merchant, Cor. Sec. 


Los Angeles, Cal., Jan. 8, 1900. 
Dear Sisters of Alpha Chi Omega: 

Once again we enter upon a new year and Epsilon sends greetings to 
all of the sisters. 

All our land is now decked in brightest hues of roses and lillies, and 
our splendid rains have carpeted valley and hill with a velvety green. 

Nature smiles on every hand and every one is singing praises of 
"better times.'' 

Even the girls of Epsilon think that they are going to have better 
times, and the majority of them have decided that they prefer " fra- 
ternity" to sorority. Miss Ora Millard opened the New Year by being 
married to Louis de Tateron La Beaume. The ceremony was performed 
at three o'clock on New Years' day, at the Immanuel Presbyterian 
Church. The bride was gowned in white satin, and wore a long tule 
veil caught with a cluster of hyacinths. Her bouquet was of the same 
flowers and maiden hair ferns. The attendants were Miss Hoppin and 
Miss Barringer (Alpha Chis) and two other intimate girl friends. They 
were all in white organdies and carried clusters of Papa Gontier roses 
tied with pink ribbon. The little flower girl was dressed in pink 
organdy. Professor Skeele, dean of the College of Music presided at 


The I/yre. 35 

the organ. The church was beautifully decorated by members of the 

Many beautiful gifts were the tokens of love from her friends. After 
the ceremony the bridal party was entertained at dinner by the parents 
of the bride, after which the couple left for a short trip to Santa Barbara. 
And now as the example has been set, three more of us will follow it, 
within the next six months, and two more will do likewise not far 
hence. Certainly we can not forget Alpha Chi, for too many pleasant 
hours have been spent within our chapter walls; but some must go one 
way and some another, and the new must ever be taking the place ot 
the old. 

Jessie Leone Davis. 

Dear Sisters: — 

After a long and restful vacation during the Christmas holidays, 
Theta returned to her Alph Chi home with hearts stimulated for action 
and ambitions newly fed by the encouragement of home friends. 

The monotony of chapter meetings was agreeably varied through the 
kindness of the girls living outside, who have taken it upon themselves 
to invite us to their homes on meeting nights and following the usual 
program by delicious little repasts, which you may be sure are most 
thoroughly appreciated and enjoyed. 

The usual discussions, programs and reading of articles beneficial, 
still prevail as heretofore — merely becoming more enjoyable through 
the assistance of our talented Freshmen. I will say for our Freshmen 
that they will live and learn and may, in time, through the sisterly 
guidance and advice, become useful members of society and thorough 

Several of our girls varied their course of study by attending a party 
at Orchard Lake, given by the cadets. A few also went to Detroit 
to enjoy the talent of Irving and Terry in "Robespierre," as 
well as to live over a couple of hours in short-lived sorrow the heart- 
breaking scenes of the French Revolution, while those who remained 
in Ann Arbor attended the concert and enjoyed Madame Jacoby^s deep 
contralto tones. 


36 Tlw I/yre. 

The usual round of fudge parties still continues, not the least itrit)br- 
tant of which was one ^iven by Miss Bartholomew and myself in honor 
of Mrs. Fiske*8 friend, Miss Breckenridge, of Toledo. 

Three of our girls attended the Senior hop. 

The most important feature of our social life, however, was the Christ- 
mas tree on view the Monday before the girls left for their respective 
homes or visiting places. It was a huge success and held two hundred 
and thirty presents, many of which were of a ludicrous nature, causing 
shouts of laughter and no end of fun. 

A card party was also given for Miss Gertrude Montague, one of our 
last year's girls here visiting us from Traverse City. 

And now we must say au revoir, and trust that your new year has 
begun as auspiciously as has our own. 

[Written for the Editor.] 

Alberta Daniel. 


Iota Chapter sends its first greetings; It is, still perhaps, a little green 
at fraternal /orm, but so apt at reform that we have great confidence in 
its future. 

We are guilty of an innovation which cannot fail to interest our sister 
chapters, if for no other reason than that it embodies our principles. 
In short, once a month we have a musicale which is supposed to have 
three virtues: to benefit the musical Lazaruses, to give to each member 
a very real and active responsibility and a third and greater reason, lo 
introduce new and novel programmes. For instance, our January pro- 
gramme was gotten up by Miss Fernie, and was composed of — 

Two Preludes Von FieliU 

Mrs. Daniels. 
8chon (Jretline 1 a cycle of songs t FleliU 

Miss Fernie. 
Two Lyrics (accompanist, Mr. McClellan) Mrs. Daniels 

The sorority has hoped that by inviting those of our patrons who are 
musicians to take part in our programmes, sometimes, we may keep 
their interest in the chapter at more than normal temperature; hence, 



The I/yre. 37 

Miss Fuller was assisted in her February programme by Mr. McClellan 
— ^a graduate of the Cincinnati Conservatory, and by Mr. Dean, a guest 
from Chicago. : 
The latest one in March was given by Mrs. Daniels at her home. 

1. Three Sea Pieces MacDowell 

2. |b. sf^'b^rSong . '. '. '.'.''...'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'''.''..'.' \ .'. W \ MmcDowell 
( c. Songit My Mother Taught Me . . . Dvorak 

Miss Fernie. 

3. The New World Symphony Dvorak 

Mrti. Daniels and MisH Fuller. 

We attempt to make these meetings very informal. The number is 
limited to about thirty and our refreshments are served in time for all 
good people to get their beauty sleep. 

If the chapter had not already exceeded its legitimate space in the 
Lyre, it might enliven the sorority with its successes at its first initia- 
tion. Our new member certainly has reason to think that we are 
geniuses at the business. 

With sincere wishes for " Iota," 

Chapter Editor. 




Official Jeweler to 


I confine myself ezoltuively to a fine grade of work, and my Jeweled Badges are 
unequalled tor richness and beauty. In crown setting, particulu'ly, 

J* J* Large Jewels of Real Value j* j* 

are mounted in true cluster form. I make a specialty of pure Diamond or Dia- 
mond combination pieces. Price list, samples and estimates sent on application 
through your chapter. 


Diamond and Fine j^ 
Jeweled Work Rings, 



High Grade Fraternity Badges 


Important to Alpha Chi Omega Fraternity : 3Sv* ng SSS°ppl5^ bTthlS 

oflieerM at the convention, we wcm appointed Offioini Bn<ltic* Af alron* for your Fratmiitv. 
If your Ra<1(?e is Htamped with our name, there in nothing bettiT maile. Correspond wlih an 
reKardlnR Fraternity Jewelry, Noveletiea and Stationery. Hami>le8 sent on application through 
your chapter. Addresn 

I40-U2 Woodward Avenue, > DETROIT, MICH. 




**Ye Daushter« of JVlusIc Come up Hlsher*** 



pha Chi Ome^a 



PARSIFAL— Elizabeth Patterson Sawyen 3 

POEM— NOW AND THEN— Virginia May Fish 10 









MARCHt 1901 




» t 

^ • • 


1 HjU '^^ 


\ 1 










SSfM ill III 



;--^ i 



THE N".^V 



Alpha Chi Omega. 


MARCH, 190J. 

No. I. 


(By Elizabeth Patterson Sawyers, Mus. B., A. (\ il., Ue Pauw 

University, (Jreeneastle, hid.) 

The word Parsifal which Wagner has used In^th as the title 
of his great Saered-Art-Dnnna and also its. hero is possibly a 
corruption of the Aral)ic Parsrh-Fal meaning *^tl)e guileless 
stupid one." 

The storv of Parsifal is taken from tlie leiijend of the Grail. 
Wagner conceives of the holy Cirail as a divine vessel glowing with 
the strength and radiant histre of the saero<l stream from which 
only the jmre or r(^j)entimt can drink and receive th(» blessings of 
holiness. The word ^^CiraaP' according to M. Panlin Paris signi- 
fies not the sacred dish but the mvsterioiis b4M>k which contains its 
hist4>ry. The word, however, came tli rough the (etymological in- 
terpretaticm of Kobert de I*()n)n, to be po])idarly understood as a 
l)Owl or sacred dish. 

The legends of Arthur an<l the Ivnights of the Kound Table 
have interested the imay:inative minds of scon»s of cultivated writ- 
ers for manv centuries. The origin mav be found with a Welsh 
Monk of the eighth century, but Robert d(» I>orou, a French poet, 
was the first to embodv the concei)tion in literarv form. After 
Boron, Walter Alap, an Kiiglislniuui, iuti'o<|uccd the c<ni<*eption 
into everv branch of Arthurian romiiuce. 




Flemish, Icelandic and Welsh reproductions of the Graal 
romances have been discovered. 

Chrestien de Troves first introduces Percival, a knight of the 
Round Table, in the title role of one of his poems and also in 
Chrestien's waitings we read of the Holy, Spear, that which pierced 
the side of the Crucified Christ. Founded presumably on Chres- 
tien's ^^Percival" we find the famous Mid-German poem "Parzi- 
val" by Wolfram von Eschenbach, which poem is regarded the 
most splendid achievement in the literature of Germany during 
the period of Middle High German. This poem appeared at the 
beginning of the thirteenth century. The printing press being in- 
troduced into England, France, and Germany had for its first uses 
the multiplying of the poems and romances emlx)dying this legend. 

The literature of England, France, Germany, Italy and 
Spain is redundant with productions of Arthurian romance inter- 
penetrated by the Grail legend. 

Wagner has seized for one of his great-est music dramas a 
literary theme not only rich in historical interest but one of strong 
ethical and religious tendency. He has made the story a simple 
one filled with the most serious religious teaching. He rests the 
histrionic situations with six principal characters: — Amfortas, 
the unfortunate sin stained son of Sinturel, tlie aged builder of 
the holy fortress, Giirnomanz, an old but vigorous man who assidu- 
ously guards tlie interests of the Knights of the Grail ; Klingsor, 
tlie wicked keeper of the magic castle; Kundry, a wret-ched out- 
cast dual in her nature first serving the Knights and then her vile 
lord and master Klingsor, and the liero around whom the drama 
revolves, Parsifal, who ev(*ntually b(M*omes the Saviour of the 
Grail. The subordinate characters. Knights of the Grail, Es- 
(juires and Kliugsor's fairy maidens romplete the dramatic per- 
son ac. 

On tlie afternoon of one of the performances of this world 
renowned Festival drama, I sat in the unique auditorium of the 



Spielhaus at Bayreuth. Tlie hearts of the large audience beat as 
one in the mutual expectancy which pervaded the sacred atmos- 
phere. Shrouded in darkness we heard the initiative tones of the 
overture given out by the submerged orchestra. 

The theme is that of the Last Supper, six measures in length, 
breathing out softly at first then a crescendo into the dominant 
key and a melting away into the original tonic. The principal 
succeeding motives are the Grail motive given out by trombones 
And tnmipets and the motive of belief, A subsequent peculiar 
treatment of thisLast Supper theme suggests by its vigorous 
movement Amfortas' grief and Parsifal's compassion. This in- 
terestingly beautiful passage finds its climax in the mournful 
motive of the Saviour's lament. The overture has no final cadence 
but melts with a chord of the seventh of the Last Supper theme 
into the solemn reveille of trombones when the curtains are lifted 
from either side revealing a forest shadowy and dreamful. In the 
middle distance is a beautiful si)arkling lake. The ground is rock 
strewn and to the left rises the way to Monsalvat, the mountain 
of deliverance, the abode of the Grail castle. Two youths are sleep- 
ing beneath a tree. Gurnemanz waking calls to them: — 

"Up young vassals see to the bath, 'tis time to wait there for 
our monarch." Theai at the entrance of two Knights he asks: — 

"How goes Amfortas' health ?" 

The Knight answ^ers: — 

"Sleepless from long oppression he bade us his bath prepare." 

Gurnemanz in sadness replys: — 

"But one salve can heel this w^ound." The Knight asks for 
an explanation but Gurnemanz evades him telling him to "See to 
the Bath !" 

The orchestral ground work during this conversation is made 
up of the Grail motive and Belief chorus w'liich are so suggestive 
of the hidden meaning of Gurnemanz's and the Squires words. 

The quietude of the scene is suddenly changed as the 
Ejiights and Squires see in the distance a frenzeid horse- 



woman approaching. Kundry rushes in almost reel- 

ing as we hear given out by the orchestra a wild Riding 
motive. She wears a loose black gown fastened close about the 
throat, a girdle of snake skin, her long black hair flows in dis- 
hevelled masses, her eyes are wild and (les])airing. Tn her hands 
she desperattOy clinches a small crystal flask witli whicli she rushes 
to Gurnemanz crvinc;: — 

*^Here take it! Balsam! If this fail Arabia bears naught 
else tliat can iiiive him ease. Ask no farther I am wear v." 

A most characteristic theme of Kundrv is the motive of wild- 
ness a madly rushing [)assage in descending ])rogression. In dia- 
metrical contrast to this motive is that of the bringer of balsam so 
sweet and raptuous in tone and quality. 

Also of imi)()rtance is the motive of a messenger of the Grail 
which is indicated by the reply of Kundry to the question: — 
*' Whence bringest thou this ])alsam ?" 

She answers : — 

"From further hence than thy thought can guess." 

As Kundry throws herself upon the ground the motive of the 
suffeHng 6i Aniforfas is followed by the dawn motive when a 
train of Squires and Knights a])pears carrying and attending the 
litter of Amfortas. 

Gurnemanz soliloquizes as the procession enters: — 
'MIe comes bv faithful servants carried. Alas! IIowi can I l)ear 
to see this sovcroiini of the standiest race made a slave to stubborn 

Then to tlie Squires: — 

^'Ilark vour inaster ^roaiis!" 

^^Anifortas raisinir sliditlv eoniniands: — '*Rest awhile! From 
niaddeuijig torturcMl uiiihts." 

"Fair morn to woo(ls invitees. Tlie lake's pure wave will 
f]-eshen me, my j)ain will lle(\'- 

lie calls (Jewaine onr^ (A' the l\nii»hts who was searching a 
balsam for tli(i wound inHicted bv the Uolv Spear in the hands of 



Klingsor when Amfortas had fallen a prey to the sinful influence 
of Kundry. 

Gewaine had not ^^;aited for his monarch and Amfortas ex- 
claim : — 

"Unordered gone? Oh w<x> to him if he should fall in 
Klingftor's hands. Let none my feelings henceforth harry. For 
him the promised one I tarry, *The Gnileless FooF " 

Gurnemanz presses ujxm him the flask which Kundry has 
hrought telling him it comes from far off Arahia and was won for 
him by the unfortunate Kundry. 

Amfortas (piestions her: — • 

**Thou Kundry ( Do you make me again thy debtor thou 
restless, fearful maid ''( Thy Balsam 1 will try in gratitude for 
thy good service. 

Kundry laughs wickedly, hysterically as Amfortas' train pro- 
ceeds to\wrd the valley to the bath. 

The Escpiires agitatedly discnss Kundry's nature as they mis- 
trust her crying: — 

*'She is like a savage beast and with her enchanted drugs she 
will bring destruction upon onr master." Gurnemanz, however, 
defends her by telling of her taking ti<lings to warrior brethren in 
far off battle fields. *\She starts and dashes thither and back the 
charge fulfilling with faith and knack.'' **When ye ucckI help in 
danger times she breathes the breath of zcnil through your ranks." 

The Squires are not convinced and reply : — 

"See how hellishlv she looks at us. She hates us. She is a 


Pagan, a sorcercess." 

Gurnemanz still her a(lvrH*at<^ tc^lls them though ^'under a 
curse" she is expiating her guilt in serving th(» Knights of the 
Grail. During this defense a peculiar orchestral treatment is 
h(*ard followed by tluj evil forboding sln^p motive of Kinidnj. 

The third sipiire remarks: — 

"If Kundrv is so void of fear, send her to 
search the missing s^)ear." The motive of the hallowed 


8 TH^ LYRE, 

spear is sounded out in a powerful crescendo of trombnoes 
at the loss of this healing weapon through the guilt of Amfortas. 
Gumemanz replies gloomily: — 

^•'That is quite different. 'Tis denied to all 

Oh wounding wonderful hallowe'd Spear. 

A maid of fearful beauty turned Amfortas, brain 

He lay l)ewitched her fonn enfolding 

The kSpear no longer holding. 

A deadly cry ! I rushed anigh 

But laughing Klingsor fled before 

The sacred Spear "away he bore, 

I fought to aid the flying King's returning 

A fatal w;ound though in his side was burning 

That wound it is which none may make to close." 

Two of the Squires returning from the lake tell of the bath 
of the Monarch vsaying the balsam soothed the wound. 

The four Squires seating themselves at Gumemanz' feet ask 
him to tell them of Klingsor. He first accounts of the giving of 
the sacred emblems to Sinturel which is accompanied by a solemn 
singularly modulating passage in woodwind and horn later with 
strings. To this is added the Grail and Last Supper motives. 
The Klingsor and motive of enchanted maidens come in during 
the latter part of Gurnemanz' narration. This narration is of 
extreme musical beauty as the motives intensify the import of the 

^*In the midst of Holy night was given by messengers of the 
Saviour to Sintnrcl." 

"The sacred Cup, the vessel pure unstained 
Which at the last Passover feast he drained. 
Which at the cross rec(dved ITis Holy Blood 
And also the Spear that shed the sacred flood. 
A house our monarch builded for the holy things. 
You know 'tis but permitted the pure to be admitted. 

THtl LYRE, 9 

Kliugsor, however hard and long he tried, had therefore heerr 

He set to work with i^uilty hand resolved to gain the Grail's com- 

With infamous magic wliich lu^'s found. 

The wiiste bo hatli transformed to wondrous gardens where women 
hide of cliarms infernal. 

Amfortas gave himself no rest but sought to quell this magic pest 

The sequel ye have all heen told." 

Kundry hearing this story writhes in angry unrest. 
Gurnemanz further tells the Squires that with the prayer of 
Amfortas im})loring a sign of safety divine li])s si)oke these 
words : — 

*'By pity 'lightened 
A guilelesss fool 
Wait for him 

Mv chosen tool." 

The motive of the predirfion of the Guileless Fool is sung hy 
Gurnemanz which is repeated by the Squires. 
Suddenly from the lake come cries of — 

''Woe! Horror! Who is tlie culprit?" 

Gurnemanz and the Squires start up in terror. 

*'What is it i A swan. It has been wounded. W !»o shot 
the swan ?" 

Th(i Swan motive as in Lohengrin is discernible and also wie 
hear the Parsifal motive. 

Two knights bring Parsifal hurrie<lly forward. l^arsifal 
so childlike, so beautiful of form and face, so spiritual, his purity 
and nobilitv of chanietfM* l)reath<'s \vAt v; ;ir innermost lifiirt and 
conscience. His entrance fills one with awe and rev(^rance. 

(to |)e continiKHl. ) 



If v» had lived iii olden times 

On Mt. Olympus' heights 
There Gods and Goddesses held sway, 

We might have B«^n strange sights ; 
For it is said that atioks and atones — 

Whate'r was his desire — 
Would come to life in ecstasy 

When Orpheus played the Lyre. 

Alas ! the olden times are gone — 

The Gods no morp hold sway; 
The sticks and stones are silent now 

When common mortals play. 
Still, greater things than even these 

Do nowadays transpire, 
For all tlie world in captive to 

A maid who wears the Lyre. 

Virginia M. Fisk. 



Christmas was approaching. Everything was white with 
snow ; the air clear and crisp, and all the Vienna world seemed to 
l>e in the Graben nnd Kamthnerstrasse. Fir trees, large and 
small, stood in the market-places, looking as if they longed, like 
Hans Andersen's "Tannenbanm," to see new worlds after their 
quiet life in the w^oods. People bustled about, knocked against 
each other, looked in at the shop windows, and one thought of the 
dreams of the little ones about the good spirit who was coming to 
make them hapj)y. And speaking of him, there, just a little way 
along the Gral)en, in front of a brilliantly lighted window, stands 
a veritable Santa Claus, — a little man, with a fresh complexion, 
silvery hair, and animated face. His fur collar is drawm up, his 
pockets are bulgy, and he is evidently having a good time, as he 
points out articles in the wandow, laughing heartily as he does so. 
It is easy to see Leschetitzky has some joke on hand. He spent a 
long time in that shop for, returning at least an hour later, I found 
him still there, with his proportions visibly increased. 

It chanced that some wandering minstrels had arrived in 
Vienna a short time before, and we had arranged to have a little 
Christmas celebration in our rooms for them. The tree already 
stood waiting to bear its burden of gay nothings, and the program 
for the evening was complete. But we \^iere out in our reckoning ! 
When I met Leschetitzky, I saw at once that he had taken it for 
granted that we w^ere to spend Christmas with him. Here was a 
dilemma! After a little hesitation, I told him of the situation. 
In a moment his face cleared. ^*Is that all ?" he said, as if visited 
by a happy idea ; *^just bring every one of them with you, and 
we'll 1)0 all the merrier!'' This was just like his way of pleasing 
himself and others, so I accepted at once. 

I rememlK^r well that Christmas Eve with its reall Christmas 
weather, the moonlight silvering the snow, and making the white- 



robed trees stand out like weird, fantastic figures, and tlie sound 
of bells falling on our ears from the distant city, as we walked 
through the almost deserted streets. Soon we found ourselves in 
front of the well-known house in Karl Ludwigstrasse, and the Pro- 
fessor appeared at once and received us with that warmth and 
heartiness which is so characteristic of him. The large salon was 
open, but the lesser one adjoining was curtained off, and an air of 
expectancy pervaded the room. The Professor tried to interest 
himself and us in the score of "Cavalleria Rusticana," which he 
had just received (this was before its great Vienna success), but 
every now and then he would jump up and disappear behind the 
curtain. In a little while all the lights were lowered, excepting 
a shaded lamp al)ove the piano at the far end of the salon, 
and slowly the curtains were drawn back. There were 
only '^grown-up children'^ there, but I think at that moment Time 
went back in its flight with us all as we looked at the glittering 
tree in its grotto, surrounded by pine boughs and mistletoe, and 
we were again in spirit in our far-off homes. Everything was 
still, the air sweet wuth odors of the pine, when all at once rich 
harmonies surrounded us, becoming part of our dreams and lead- 
ing us to new and beautiful ones. So soft and low, they seemed 
to have grown out of the silence. There, beneath the light of the 
sbaded lamp, sat the Professor, his face quiet and serene^ as it is 
only when before his beloved instrument. Manv tinues we had 
heard him imj)rovise, but this time it seemed to be for us particu- 
larly a syrri])athetic expression of w^hat we were feeling. Old 
days, old friends, old scenes, rose up in vision as his fingers wan- 
dered over the keys, and the room seemed full of presences, wjien 
suddenly he ceased, got up, made a gay remark, and advanced to 
the tree, near which a number of packets lay scattered about. 
The next half hour was merriment itself. Now w^e understood 
his excitement in front of the window in the Graben. For every- 
one present he had, in some mysterious way, found something in- 
dividual and appropriate, and his face was a study as he watched 



the unfolding of the papers, and heard the ejaculations of sur- 
prise and delight on all sides. Xo one student who shirked 
the paying of even necessary calls, was given a pretty card 
case, with his photo neatly inserted, and a few humorous words 
on the back, as a reminder of good advice. To another, who af- 
fected Tyrolese hate, a model one with an ink bottle inside. Then 
a rug for one who had just strarted housekeeping, and so on. In 
the midst of the fun the folding do<^rs of the dining room were 
thro\Mn oj)en, and the brilliant supper table claimed attention. I 
have often thought what consternation it would cause to a Xorth 
German to come suddenlv into the room on one of these <x?casions. 
All the time I was in Vienna, few if any Germans were studying 
with him, although that was the language spoken by all in their 
various ways. There were Russian, Polish, Norwegian, French, 
Italian, American, British-German, but no German German. 
Sometimes poor Leschetitzky v^ould cry out when someone would 
ask for der Brod or die Wein, but on the whole he rather enjoyed 
it, and it gave him abundant material for jokes and mimicry. He 
is the victim of so many foreign attempts to get hold of his name 
that slight grammatical mistakes do not affect him now. The 
jx)stman in Wahring, whenever an address was unintelligible, 
used to take it to Leschetitzkv, an<l it ffonerallv found in him its 
rightful OAvner. One lady wrote about hen* daughter, addressing 
him as Professor Tetchiscka, saviuij: she would lik(» her to study 
with him, inquiring first what his '^method" was! On asking how 
he would reply, he said with a laugh, ^*If I rejdy at all, I will say 
I have no method, I only teach people to ]>lay piano in the sim- 
plest way possible." And that is really the secret of his much 
talked of method, which is, when summed up, the simplest, most 
natural, and most practical way of playing the piano so that free- 
dom may he left for musical interpretation, technique never to ob- 
trude itself as mere technique, but only as a means to the end of 
recreating the composer's thought, and making it evident to the 




Many people seem to think that if they go through a course 
^of "The Method," it will ^\;ork magic and make musicians of them, 
pretty much like the man who didn't know if he could play violin, 
because he had never tried. Such talk there will alwavs he. and 
probably no master has ever suffered more than Leschetitzky from 
those w4io have taken only the surface of his teaching. But it is 
certain, if there is any music in a person, the grasping of his prin- 
ciples and assimilation of them will distinctly w^iden the facili- 
ties for expression The real proof of a teacher is to be found in 
the ability of his pupils to progress and develop on their own 
lines after they have left him, and Leschetitzky certainly gives 
those who are able to take it something which renders yearly visits 
for purj)08es of study unnecessary. Then there is so much talk 
about techniipie in conection with him, as if he were first and fore- 
most a brilliant technician. A brilliant technician he undoubted- 
ly is, that g(X?s without saying; but first and foremost he has the 
gift of making the simj)lest piece full of life and beauty. ITow 
often have I heard him say the greatest art is shown in the ability 
to make ])icces — like, for example, "Einsame Blumen" or ''Vogel 
als Prophet"- — alive to the hearer. The middle part of the latter 
haunted me for days after I first heard him play it With the 
exception of Rubinstein, no one has ever touched me so much 
with the playing of tender, delicate things as Leschetitzky wdien 
in one of his lx\st moods. Perhaps, though, that quality comes 
out most when, in his own house, surrounded by friends, cigar in 
month, he gives Wiiv to the uhmxI and lets himself go unreserv^edly. 
Then his j)laying has a repose, a warmth, a heart winning quality 
that one niav miss when hearinii: him f(U'niallv. In his little cot- 
tage in Isclil, up among the mountains, what delightful impromp- 
tus there liav(» l)een ! Talk about music, snatches of this, snatches 
of that, a pj'opos of some :qibject, till with a start we realized it 
was far into the night, or morning, and the last train to an adjoin- 
ing villaiie had long since gone. 1 often fancied the formality of 
being asked to play or of having to play at a given time had its 



effect on him. In any case, the memorable moments were those 
when, in a sense, he found himself at the piano, and didn't need 
to play if he didn't want to. 

He is a great enemy to incessant piano practice. "Think ten 
times and play once" is a great remark of his to those who think 
that playing things over and over will produce any but a bad re- 
sult. But heart and soul must be thrown into whatever is done. 
Rather half an hour with temperament and a fresh brain than six 
hours' mechanical playing. I remember he once went to a concert 
given in Vienna by a celebrated pianist. Afterwards he related 
how he had listened all the evening to him, admired most things 
alK:)ut his playing, but wondered why he couldn't feel anything. 
The way he took to solve the difficulty was original. "I went," 
he said, "into the artist's room, and determined when I congratu- 
lated him to take hold of his waistcoat just above liis heart When 
I did so, I understood why he didn't move me. Although he had 
just stepped do^^iti from the platfonn, after playing for nearly two 
hours his heart was beating quite normally and quietly, and he 
wasn't even heated !" 

But we forgot the supp(»r I As the Professor, that Christmas 
Eve, carried us away to distant lands and scenes, so under the in- 
terest of his personality have we wandered far from that hospi- 
table table. It does seen unappreciative, on a Christmas Eve, too. 
But it is not difficult to go back and take our seats, while Johann 
and old Sophie bustle al)out with all the good things that one 
tastes onlv in \''ienna, and our host adds relish to the feast with 
his scintillating talk, as he sits, in the best of humor with the 
world. The billiard room down stairs will soon claim him, 
though, so before he goes let us prosit to the dear old master and 
wish long life and happiness. All who know him will I am sure 
join in it with heartiness. Prosit! 

Helen Hopehirky in the Musical Record. 



Zeta Chapter, as all Alalia Cliiw know, is a part of the in- 
teresting niiiaical life of the little worlil within the walls of The 
Newj England Coiisciratorv of JhiHie. 

This institution, ccntrallv hx-ated in tlio metropolis of Xew 
Ungland, was fonnded in Proviilfiiee, It. T., in 1853, by Dr. E!)en 
Tourjee, a son of little Khoily. It was soon moved to Boston, 
however, where the nnnilnT of stmlents has increased yearly nntil 

now, the attendance hooks nhow the enrollment of over seventeen 

The (^lllse^Viltory, as its name implit^, is truly a musical 
school fumishinf:; insl.ruction in fvery hrandi of the art, while it 
also hoasts of a Seliool of Oratory. 

As it is not ill any way connected Wjith a college and musical 
fraternitiea being few in uundK-r, it is not surprirting that no fra- 

temitj was eBtablishod in the school until 1805, when Zeta of 
Alpha Chi Omega made herself known. Since then, one other 
sorority, Pi Phi, has lieen organized, and a society of young m^i, 
known as Sinfonia Club, is doing active work. 

On acount of the advantageous situation of the Conservatory 
building, the students are able to enjoy concerts and recitals 

given by the Boston Symphony, Koeisel Quartet, Cecilia and 
Handel and Haydn Societies, and all tlie prominent artists of the 

The Conservatory is coiiteniplatiug a new site and buildings 
in the near fnturc, wlieu the endovinent fund shall have been suffi- 
ciently iiiereaaed mid then, advantages and opportunities for the 
higlier study of music will be greater even than now. 



To me has been assigned the pleasant yet diificiilt task of 
jx>rtraying the scenes 6f the convention of 1900, which is now a 
thing of the past year and the past century. May our new cen- 
tury bring good fortune to Alpha Chi ! 

Without doubt, many who read this account and who had a 
part in the convention, will feel that much has been omitted, 
which deserves mention, but I can speak for only one delegate, 
and even that task appals me. 

From the time we were greeted by a crowd of enthusiastic 
Alpha Chi's in the great station in Boston, until we took a reluc- 
tant leave, we were made to feel welcome and at ease. Our Zeta 
sisters have surely learned the lesson of true hospitality. 

On Wednesday evening, the fourth of December, we had the 
pleasure, which we owed to Mr. Chadwick, of hearing the Cecilia 
Society in a concert at Symphony Hall. Our enjoyment was 

enhanced bv the fact that a well-known work of Mr. Chadwick's 


was presented under the direction of tlie composer. 

On returning to the Conservatory, where we were entertained 
during our stay in Boston, we found a **spread" awaiting us and 
in the informal hour that followed, we lx?came better acquainted. 

The next morning the business of the convention, which oc- 
cupied the following days very fully, began. For obvious rea- 
sons, I shall not discuss that in these ])ages except to say that it 
left us all better friends and with a greater hope for the upbuild- 
ing of our sorority. At this opening session, words of greeting 
from the heads of the different departments of the Conservatory, 
were received. 

Our musicale t^ok place the same evening, before a friendly 
and appreciative, albeit a critical audience in Sleeper Hall. This 
was foUwed by a reception, after which the Sinfonia Society, a 
club of the young men of the Conservatory, invited us to their hall 
and the evening was closed with dancing. 

The next morning we all were received by Mr. Chadwick in 
his studio and were charmed by his geniality and warm welcome. 

Our banquet took place Friday evening and enthusiasm was 
at its height. The decorations, even to the walls were in the frater- 
nity colors and were artistic indeed. Thirty-six were present and 



the songs of Alqha Chi filled every pause. The toasts touched 
every side of fraternity life and were serious or witty as the sub- 
ject seemed to demand. The speakers were charmingly introduced 
by Miss South, who certainly does not belie her name — Spicie. 
When all was over, we were so reluctant to leave, that several other 
toasts, not on the evening's program, were proposed and it was 
not until late that we found ourselves at X. E. C. again. Even 
then we stopped at each landing on the \say to our rooms to 
compare notes as to our evening's exi>eriences. This was really 
the closing note of the convention, although most of us remained 
until Sunday. 

Saturday was spent in sightseeing or in shopping and the 
matinee, and in the evening some of us had the great delight of 
hearing the famous Boston S\auphony Orchestra, the remem- 
brance of which, will l)e a precious morsel to be stored away witli 
other musical experiences. 

I might sketch, for Lyre readers, many scenes which I have left 
untouched, for example — the long tables in the Cafe, surrounded 
by wearers of the scarlet and olive ribbons, which .«eem«.'(l a ii?agic 
talisman, enabling us to gratify every desire. Tongues flew fast, 
as we exchanged notes as to experiences, amusing and otherwise, 
in the lives of the different chapters. 

I have not attempted t-o speak of Boston, that delightful city, 
whose every stone has a y)lace in history. My description powers 
are inadequate. 

But my thought has wandered and the editor will have need 
for her blue ])encil, T fear, so I must leave my narrative, as we 
left Boston — unwillingly. Would that uiore of the enthusiasm 
which animated us there might have been carried home to each 
chapter, that the work of elevating Alj)ha Chi Omega to a still 
higher sphere of usefulness and loving mutual aid among our sis- 
ters, be advanced. 

Mabel A, Dunn, Gamma, 





Number of girls pledged 14 

Xiimber of girls initiated 16 

The present active chapter consists of 14 girls; with 3 
pledged girls in the high school. 

Beta wishes \Ay report that the committee to correct the con- 
stitution and to send the corrected articles and sections to each 
chapter, which committee was appointed at the last convention, 
has done its work ; this committee begs me to say that one mistake 
was made in the article concerning the fact that the Grand Coun- 
cil should contain as a member a delegate from the chapter with 
whom the convention will next meet. Later in the convention 
the motion concerning the delegate, was withdrawn and should be 
struck out of the article. 

The report of the committee investigating and revising the 
mysteries of the Lvre, is also readv. 

Beta is in a prosperous condition. In the spring of 1899 
she paid $100 on the debt on the Lodge, raising this by her annual 
concert, the program of which is rendered by the girls. In the 
spring of 1900 she applied $85 on the debt, the money being raised 
in the same wav. 

Last spring the college purchased a new athletic field. Beta's 
subscription to this was $35, a generous one. 

A year ago last spring Beta offered as an inducement for inter- 
class baseball games, a trophy cup. A tournament is held each 
year for the winning of the cup. 

This fall she established a ])recedent of giving an artist's 
recital, a thing which she has wished to do for some time and 
has feared the financial risk incurrfnl. Seel)oeck came from 
Chicago and gave an interesting piano recital. 

We paid all expenses and had a small addition to our treasury 
as a result of the undertaking. 

As programs for our weekly meetings we are studying as far 
as possible musical form. Beside this we do some literary work, 
and have studied the constitution once each week 



The chapter is among the leading ones in sorority circles and 
while we are musical we are happy to know that some of our girls 
are among the best students in the college of Liberal Arts, one 
being offered the place of assistant German teacher, giving us one 
Alpha Chi on the literary faculty and four on the conservatory 

In a social wiay, we have not attempted to give many func- 
tions but one or two a vear which should be a credit to us. 

Beta is in deep sorrow mourning the loss of Sister Nell 
Haum wlio diod at Cleveland, November 27, 1000. Though this 
link is unfastened from our earthlv chain it binds us to the heaven- 
ly host whose circle she has joined. Her heart was one with ours 
in the bond, and her sweet voice lingering with us, bids us weep no 
more our deep loss, but rejoice in her freedom. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Kate L. Calkins, B. of A, X. 0. 


Since the last convention. Gamma has not done anything 
startling, but yet has not been idle. 

We have had our regular programs and this year, we have in- 
augurat<'d a new j)lan. Every second week, a musical program 
is presented, consisting of one or two musical numbers and the 
reading of some article on a musical subject In the alternate 
week, we have a literary program — a review and free discussion 
of soni(^ lM)ok of recent fame. 

There are a great number of lectures and recitals in our 
School of ^lusic and our girls, both active and alumnae, always 
make a good showing at such affairs. 

Last spring, several of our inenil)ers gave individual recitals 
and the performers on the concert programs, Commencement week, 
were all Al])ha Chi's. 

Last year, we had three girls in the graduating class of the 
Xornial course and one in the Artists', and this year we have three 

One of our girls is the soprano soloist in the Baptist Church 
of Evanston aiul a number of us are meml)ers of the Evansto.i 
Musical Club. 

Our ])lace of meeting formerly consisted of two rooms but 


TH^ irBS. 2d 

last year, the partition was removed and then, we invested in a new 
nig and a piano. In a social way we have held our own. Fol- 
lowing the custom in Northwestern, we give an annual party, and 
there is always a good representation of Alpha Chis at tl e parties 
of other Frats. 

We gave a reception to Ganuua Phi while they were holding 
a convention in Evanston, and we are hoping to be able to give a 
reception for Madame Fanny Bloomfield-Zeisler, our honorary 
member in Chicago. Mrs. Coe, our associate member, has offered 
her home for the reception. During the summer, those who 
remained in town foruied a summer club which met every two 
weeks and so, kept in touch with each other. 

At our last initiation, four new members joined our circle and, 
never in the history of Gamma Chapter has there been a more con- 
genial feeling. 

Mabel Dunn. 


Zeta's history since our last convention is one that we are glad 
to relate. 

We have initiated into the Fraternity fifteen active members. 
Eleven of these are now with us, of whom Zeta is as proud as is 
Yale of her "immortal eleven." 

Two of our sisters, Misses Kidd and Johnson, are now in 
Florence, studying with Vannuiicini, while a third. Miss Brand- 
enburg, is in Paris continuing her studies iu piano forte. 

In our chapter at present we have three post graduates, all 
having soloists diplomas. One of whom iliss Grace Phillips gave 
a recital during Commencement week of last year, which calle<l for 
most favorable criticism, and reflected much honor on Alpha Chi 

Four more of our members will graduate as soloists in June, 
and others might if they <l(»sire(l it. One of our most talented 
girls is Miss Bessie Chapman, who came from London to study 
with Madame \h pekirk at the latter's request. 

As associat/C members, we have Miss Isalx'l Munn White, 
Miss Maude Thompson, who is studying for a secon<l season wit i 
Vannuncini; Miss Clara TourjtH^* Nelson, daughter of the fcmnder 
of this conservatory, and Miss Pauline Wottmann, of whom the 
musical world \\jill doubtless know more in the future. 



The two honorary members which Zeta is so fortunate as to 
Tive to the whole sisterhood are Mrs. H. H. A. Beach and Madame 
Helen Hopekirk. 

It is hardly necessary for me to sav that ilrs. Beach is the 
leading female composer of America and ranks with the lirst of 
any land. She is also a pianist of no mean ability having played 
her own concerto with the Boston Symi)hony orchestra last win- 
ter, at which time, she remembered her Alpha Chi sisters. 

Madame JIoi)ekirk is known here and abroad as a great 
pianist and likewise as a composer of much merit. 

The night when wc initiated these two, so great in the world's 
eye, was to us a gala occasion. We decorated our Fraternity room 
until it made a very effective setting for the girls in their most 
becoming gowns. After the solemn ceremony, we held an infor- 
mal reception and our new sisters proved themselves to be quite as 
much mistresses of the social art as of that higher one. They 
were much pleased with it all, and declarcnl themselves the most 
honored in claiming sisterhood in Alpha Chi Omega. 

As to the general work and the ])lace which Zeta occupies in 
the conservatory, I leave it to our guests to judge. 

In our regular meetings, we have had some very interesting 
programs, of a miscc^llaneons rather than musical character, since 
we needs mnst guard against becoming t4K) musical, you see. 

I recall a paper which Miss Andrews read on the Madonna 
in Art and illnstratcd with her own fine collection. 

Another by Miss Hraudenburg <m the various masterpieces, 
of which slie had gatlH^n^l tine* coj)ies during her extensive travels 
in Europ(\ was much enjoved by those of ns who had not had such 

For the future, we will mak(^ no prophecy, only that Zeta feels 
since she has been strengtheiuMl by the inspiration and enthusiasm 
of the Ninth Convention, she will at least l>e worthy of her past, 
and ])robably outshine it. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Spicie Belle^ South. 




At our last convention Theta Chapter being but two weeks old 
had very little Xo report. Though still very young we resjx»ctfully 
submit our report with all the confidence of maturity. 

Our chapter was established by Beta in Nov^embor ot 1S1)8 
with seven charter meml)ers. Until the fall of the next vear our 
meetings were held in the homes of the resident members. 

In September of 1899 we decided to follow the cust<»iii of 
all Ann Arbor fraternities and rent a chapter honse. At the time 
we had an active chapter of fift^^en members — nine of whom re- 
sided in the house. It is a verv ditlienlt matter for a new societv 
to obtain recognition in Ann Arbor, but we have been more than 
fortunate in this respect. From the first we ranked socially and 
in scholarship with the foremost sororities. Ours being the only 
inter-collegiate musical society here we have little or no coni- 
l>etition and we are on a very friendly footing with all the literary 

Last year in the way of formal functions we gave two large 
receptions, a card party, a dance, besides numerous informal 

This year we wore greatly handicapped losing nine of our old 
girls. Having but two non-n^sident members we have been 
under great strain and expense in keeping up our house which is 
conceded bv all to be the best sororitv house in town. We felt 
we must have our house at all cost and for this purpose raise<l 
our individual dues to fourteen dollars ($1-1:. 00) a year. We 

have lx»en obliged to pay towards the running expenses between 
iQXi ($10.00^ and twelve ($12.00j dollars a we^k from our chap- 
tre treasurv — this is whv we are behindhand with our tenns dues. 
We have not been williug to lower the standard of our girls for the 
sake of having mend)ers — so initiated but one this fall. Mrs. 
Alice Baily Rolfe — a memlK^* of the faculty (vocal) we made an 
associate mend>er. Our present chapter numbers seven active 
members, and x^enj active we have had to be. Our ])rospects for 
the second semester are good. We ho])e before the year is ended 
to enlarge our chapter and repo])ulate our vacant rooms. Our 
cards are out for the first Thursday in each month when we are 




"at home" to the facultv, sororities and other friends. We take 
an active part in the social and musical life of the place and fre- 
qnently assist at faculty receptions. 

One of our number has been accompanist for the Choral 
Union (tlie largest student chorus in the United States) and ia 
contralto soloist in the Unitarian Church, Two of our girls have 
graduated from tlie artists course and we have one graduate mem- 
ber this year. 

I Iwlieve tliere was no business of a special nature left with 
Theta, and that this covers all of interest connected with onr 

Virginia M. Fislc. 


The man that hath no music in himself, 

Nor is not moved with concord of sweet sounds, 

Is fit for treasoDS^ stratagems, and spoils. 

— Merchant of Venice, 

There is in souls a sympathy with sounds ; 
And as the mind is ])it<*hed, the ear is pleaseil 
With melting airs, or martial, brisk or grave; 
Some chord in unison with what we hear 
Is touched within us, and the heart replies. 

— Cooper, 

'*Mclody is the absolute language in which the musician 
speaks to every heart." 

— Richard Wagner. 





Published Quarterly bj Edith Howland Manchester for Alpha Chi Omeg-a. 

83 Comstock Avenne, Providence, R. I. 
Subscript ion, $1.00 per year. Sing-le Copies, 25 cents. 

Edith Howland Manchbstrr, Editor-in-Chief. 


Alpha— Wilhelmina L. Lauk. Epsilon— Jessie Leone Davis. 

Bbta— Mary L. Ferine. Zbta— Helen Mand Colby. 

Gamma— Rnth V. Ingrlis. Eta— Belle Bartol. 

Dblta— F. Zeraca Trax. Thbta— Virsrinia May Pl-*h. 

Iota— Charlotte Draper. 

VOL. V. PROVIDENCE. R. L, MARCH, J 90 1 . No. I . 

The editor desires to call attention of the readers of "The 
Lvre" to the fact that, hereafter, the ahimnae notes will take the 
place of the chapter j)ersonals. The latter, which will concern 
active inenil)ers only, will be inserted in the chaptesr letters. 

It is the earnest wish of the editors that special notice will be 
taken of the above cut. It was fiirnishecl lis by M. Xewman and, 
as all Alpha Chis will readily see, is of the greatest interest. In- 
formation concerning this will Ik* gladly given to each chapter and 
non-active ineinbers bv associate editors. 

We would recommend to all readers of **The Lyre," the arti- 
cle, entitled ^'Parsifal,'' which has been contributed to our pages 
bv Miss Klizabeth Patterson Sawvers, of De Pauw University. It 
is well worth earnest attention and will run through the numbers 

of the current vear. 




Whereas: — By the dispensation of an all wise Providence, 
our sister, Nellie Irene Baum, an honored and beloved member of 
this Sorority, has been removed from our midst just as she stood 
on tlie thresh-hold of a most happy and useful life — we have 

Resolved: — That we, members of the Alpha Chi Omega 
Sorority, deeply feel the loss of one who was a valued member 
and a dear friend. 

Resolved: — That we offer our deep sympathy to those near 
and dear to our lamented sister, upon whom this loss has fallen 
with especial might. 

Resolved: — That copies of these resolutions Ik^ sent to the 
relatives of the deceased and that thev also be published by "The 

Virginia Fisk, 
Alice Reynolds, 

Committee on Resolutions, 


Chapter Roll. 

Alpha, I)e Pauw T^nivorsity, Gre(*ncastle, Ind. 
Beta, Albion College, Albion, Mich. 
Gamma, Xorth western T^niversity, Evauston, 111. 
Delta, Pennsylvania ( 'ollege of Music, Meadville, Pa. 
Epsilon, Universitv of Southern California, Los Angeles, 

Zetii, Xew England Conservatory, Boston, Mass. 
Eta, Bucknell rniversity, Lewisburg, Pa. 
Theta, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, "'d'jh. 
Iota, University of Illinois, Champaign, 111. 



The new initiatxw of 1000 are Mal>c»lle Johnson, Sara Xeal, 
Susa Rainier and Jessie Guild. 

Miss Lydia Woods, '02, was married in July to Rev. Ver- 
nie Howard. Their home is in Roachdale, Ind. 

5' I 


Alpha was the reci})ieiit of a beautiful china salad dish, a 
gift from a former active Alpha Chi. 

Last term we pledged Grace Wilkin, Lena Barrett, Fannie 
I'roy, Daisy Burton, and LaRose (^olliver. 

Daisy Burton was obliged to discontinue her work in the 
School of Music on account of illness. 

Elizabeth Lockridge is now enjoying "life on the fann." 
However she continues her piano and theory study in the school. 

Delia Phillips pledged, did not return this t^rm on account 
of illness. 

Miss Flora Mae Brimifield, '01, of Petersburg, Ind., is the 
guest of Alpha Chi friends and sisters. 

Misses Mary L. Jones of Terre Haute, Pearl B. Shaw of 
Sarlinia, and Mrs. l^sie Grooms Keenan of T^roy 111., a charter 
meml)er of Alpha, were guests at our anniversary Oct. 15, 1900. 

Mrs. fTohnson of Carthage, Ind., was the guest of her daugh- 
ter Mabelle last term. 

Air. I^urton spent a few days vjith his daughter Daisy at 
Christmas time. 

Last week Afrs. Vaught was the guest of her daughter Ruth. 

Enuna Crc^k of Yeoman, Ind., spent Thanksgiving in 
Geeencastle and Indianapolis. 

Helen Birch who is teaching in Freeport, 111., spent Christ- 
mas vacation with her parentis here. 

Afrs. Mayme Jennings Rolx^rtv^ of Shellmnlle, 111., was here 
to att^^nd the Saver-Bridges wedding. 

Emma ililler has resumed her work in the School of Music. 

Gertrude Wamsley, who is studying under Miss Alden of 
Terre Haute, is the guest of Elma Patton. 

LaRosf^ Colli ver was the guCvSt of Susa Rainer a few days 
durinir liolidavs at Chalmers, Ind. 

Misses ilarv and Helen O'Dell spent holidays visiting rela- 
tives and friends in Greeneastle. 

Rutli Vaught, post graduate '00 in Piano, under Miss Eliza- 
In'th Patters(m Sawyers, returned this year and is completing her 
sf^nior course in the College of Liberal ArtvS. She will graduate 
in June. 

Eva Osburn was married last month to Afr. Xesbitt, who is a 
student in the Garrett Bibical Institute in Evanston. Mrs. Xes- 
bitt ^^^ll probably do some work in the Evanston School of Music. 



Mrs. Leonora Boaz BroA^-;!! of Kokomo, Ind., a member of 
Alpha (,'hapter, is having success as a writer. She has had stories 
published in the Ladies' Home Journal and now has a serial in 
the Youths Companion. 

Pearl Ellis of Sulivan,'Ind., is the guest of friends and rela- 
tives in Greencastle. 

Rose Meredith of Muncie, visited Alpha in Uecember. 

Feme Wood ('97 and '98) and her mother who visited Wal- 
ter Wood, who is attending the University here, were also guests 
of Alpha Chi Omega before the holidays. 

The announcement of the marriage of Miss Edith Plested to 
Mr. Horace Weston Avery has been rece^ived by Alpha. Mr. and 
Mrs. Avery will be at home after April 1st at Ledyard, Xew York 


Miss Mary Masters is attending the Ferris Institute, in Big 
Rapids this winter. 

Miss Mattie Miller is teaching in the public schools of 
Marine City. 

Misses Lina Baum, '99, has been engaged to teach in the Al- 
bion High School this semester. 

Miss Jennie Dickenson, ex. '01, of Buffalo, X. i'., si)ent 
parts of November and December with her Beta sisters. 

Miss Florence Bailey, ex. '01, is teaching music in Grand 

Miss Henrietta Niggenuin, who was unable to return to her 
work on account of ill health, is spending the winter at her home 
in Croswell. 

Miss Eva Pratt, who left us in '98 t^) study art in the Boston 
Art School, graduated from that institution last June, and now 
has a position as teacher of drawing in the Lansing public schools. 

Miss Florence Hoag is spending the winter at her home in 
Toledo, Ohio. 

Miss Mattie Revnolds-Colbv left us in October for a few 
months violin study in Leipsic, (j(»rmany. 

Miss Dorothv Gunnels is studvincc this winter under a fa- 
mous violin master in Belgium. This is ^liss Gunnels second 
year in Europe, having spent the past few months in Paris. 

Miss Lotta W(H>d and Mr. Charles 1^. Wright were married 
at the home of the bride at Lake Odessa, Decend>er 25, 1900. 



Married in Terre Haute, Indiana, »Ianuarj 3, 1901, Susie 
McMaster and W. A. Xiles of Flushing, Michigan. The groom 
is a inenil)er of the Alpha Pi Chapter of the Sigma Chi Frater- 
nity, and is the fourth nienilK^r of that chapter who has recently 
chosen his hride from Beta (Miapter of Alphi Chi Omega. Mr. 
and Mrs. Niles reside at 78 Charlott^^ avenue, Detroit. 


Miss Florence Childs spent the holidays at Oberlin, Ohio. 

Miss Irene Stevens is South for the winter. 

Mrs. II. I). Brown (m^ Ethel Lillyblade,) visited in Evans- 
ton in Janmirv. 

Miss Irene Snyder is the soprano in the chorus of the First 
Baptist Church. 

Mrs. Walter Mitx^'hell (nee Beulah Haugh,) spent the 

month of Januarv in Kvanston. 

< ■ 

Miss Louise Atwood of Beloit, Kansas, spent the Christmas 
holidavs witli Miss Ethel Isbest/Cr. 

Miss Blanch Hughes s|)ent several weeks in Michigan in De- 
cember and January. 

Miss Alice Gramus, of Mancato, Minn., visited in Chicago 
and Evanston at Christmas time. 

Miss Margaret Kellogg of Glencoe, Illinois, spent the month 
of Xovember at her home in Leon, X. Y. 

Miss ^fabel Dunn attended the Convention in Boston as 
delegate, and ^liss Theodora Chaffee as visitor from Gamma 

Miss Elizabeth Scales who is attending Smith College, spent 
the Christmas vacation at her home in Buena Park. 

Miss Klizabetli Tonii)kins of Winnetka, 111., spent several 
weeks at Christmas time at her home in Morrisville, X. Y. 

At the Convention in Boston, Miss Mabel Siller was elected 
corresponding secretary of the Grand Chapter. 


^liss Anna Clemson Kay has gone to Xew York to continue 
her vocal studies. 

^[iss Fay Baruaby, a graduate of the Pennsylvania College 
of ^rusic, is still in X(nv York, where she is studying \dth Mac- 
Dowell. She is a student of rare talent with bright prospects for 
the future. 



■ ij -gi—^ ■■■■■■■■ ■ , ., , , 

Miss Helen Orris has just returned from a visit with relatives 
in Buffalo. 

Miss Zela Home of Greenville, who came to Meadville to at- 
tend the annual college dinner is spending a few days with her 
fraternity sisters. 

Miss Helen Edsall expects to spend the Easter vacation in 
t'leveland, Ohio. 

Miss Mary Thorpe Graham, who is one of the faculty of the 
Pennsylvania College of Music, has been in N'ew. York on a 
short visit with friends. 

Miss Juvenilia Porter has gone to Buffalo to spend a few 

Miss Myrtle Dunbar made a pleasant visit with friends in 
Oil City. 

Miss Edith Roddy is home from her studies in the Boston 
Art School for a few weeks visit with her parents. 

Mrs. Archibald Irvin has returned from New York where she 
spent a fevi weeks. 

Miss Susanna Porter is visiting her brother in Pittsburg. 


Alida Handy returned to the Conaer\'atory on the 16th inst. 
to resume her work. Zeta was delighted to welcome her. 

We are sorry to announce that Miss Brandenburg who has 
been studying piano in Berlin, has been forced to abandon her 
studies on account of a strained wrist. 

Zeta has been so unfortunate as to lose two of her most valued 
members during the past month. Girlie Bowdoin was called home 
by the illness and death of her sister and will not return this 

Grace Phillips left on the 24th inst. for Philadelphia where 
she will spend the rest of the year with her brother who is assis- 
tant professor in science at the University of Pennslyvania. 

Zeta has two new pledged members — Miss Maidie Watkins 
of Dallas, Texas, and INfiss Stella Hibbard of Grand Rapids, 
Mich. These two girls will make valuable additions to our 

Zeta has initiat-ed Miss Edith P. Medara of New York Citv 
into the mysteries of Alpha Chi since the Convention. The goat 
having had his praises sung so lustily by the delegates, and hav- 



ing fed for such a long season on pins and carpet-tacks, was even 
more active than usual, but be it said to Miss Medara's praise, 
she Wias equal to the occasion. 

One honored sister, Madame Bloomfield-Zeisler gave a re- 
cital in Steinert Hall on the Itith inst. She gave an excellent 

program which was very enthusiastically received and favorably 
criticized. After the performance she received the Zeta girls 
with Madam Hopekirk in the green-room. 

A farewell spread was given last night for Miss Phillips as 
usual it was a "feast of reason and a flow of soul." 

Miss Maud Collin's mother has come to spend the rest of the 
year with her and they have taken rooms in Worcester Square. 


Miss Gertrude Montague of Traverse City, was marri^J to 
Mr. Fred B. Hoover last August. Mr. and Mrs. Hoover are now 
living in their new home, the gift of the groom's father, in Kan- 
sas Citv, Mo. 

The engagement of Miss Helen Baker of Lansing, and Mr. 
Frank V. Warren of Philadelphia was announced at Christmas 

Theta has recently added two new names to her chapter-roll, 
Mrs. J. C. Rolfe, l^etter known as Miss Alice Bailey of the vocal 
department of the School of Music, and Miss Myrtle Wilcox of 
Minneapolis, Minn. We are soon to initiate Mrs. Bernard Sturm, 
whose husband is at the head of our violin department. Also 
Miss Edith Simmons of Detroit wil shortly be wearing the Alpha 
Chi Lyre. 

Miss Flora Kock was married the week before Thanksgiving to 
Mr. Harry Nichols of Pittsburg, Pa. Our entire chapter was 
pref=ient at the wedding and assisted in starting Mr. and Mrs. 
Nichols happily on their Wedding journey. 

Miss Alberta Daniels of Jackson, has anounced her engage- 
ment U) Dr. S. il. Yutzv of the faculty of the University. Theta's 
ranks are Woming sorely depleted through these numerous en- 
gagements and marriages. 

Miss Arline Vallette spent the Christmas vacation in 

Miss Floss S])ence is teaching music in the public schools. 

Theta Chapter gave a musical entertainment at the hospital 



not long since for the benefit of the convalescent patients. 

Miss Winifred Bartholomew is spending the winter with her 
sister in Atlanta, Ga. 

Miss Josephine Blanchard of Port Huron, returned after the 
Thanksgiving holidays to continue her musical studies under Mr. 
Albert L. Lockwood. 

Miss Alice Reynolds and Miss Virginia Fisk attended the 
Boston Convention in December. 

Miss Mary Tinker is spending the winter in New York City. 

Mr. Albert Lockwood, Mr. Bernard Sturm and Miss Vir- 
ginia Fisk of the School of Music faculty gave a concert on Feb. 
22nd., at the Auditorium in Toledo, Ohio. 



Dear Sisters: — Since the last publication of the Lyre, so 
many interesting things have happened, that Alpha scarcely knows 
T^ihat to mention first. 

The first term opened with only six old members and as 
there were about twentv members in the other musical frater- 
nity, we had a very active spike, the result of which was the addi- 
tion of three new girls for initiation and six others who were 

On the fifteenth of October wihich, as you know, was Alpha's 
fifteenth anniversary, wje held a reception in the afternoon at the 
Chapter House, and in the evening informally entertained our 
gentlemen friends. 

Soon after her return from Boston, our delegate to Conven- 
tion gave us an interesting account of her eastern visit. As 
Gamma is to entertain the next (convention, and as we are so 
near, we hope many of our girls may attend even though they 
may not then be students in De Pauw. 

We opened the new century by pledging two new girls — Flor- 
ence Cain and Katherine Stanford — whom we believe will be 
Alpha Chi Omega's in the true sense of tlie words. 

Although we lost some valuable members last year, by gradu- 
ation, v^ hope and believe that all our new girls will be just as 
valuable and helpful. 



The University Concert and Lecture Course has been very 
interesting this year, having already brought before the students, 
Montaville Flowers, Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Maude 
Ballington Booth. There still remain two numbers — Dr. George 
Wayland Briggs, and Mendelssohn Male Quartette. 

Preceding the (^hristmas vacation a very excellent song re- 
cital was given in Meharry Hall, by Miss Marthine M. Dietrich- 
son, professor of voice culture, De Pauw University. 

Before the close of this year many of our girls will give 
their junior and senior recitals. 

With best wishes from Alpha to all the girls of Alpha Chi 
and to all readers of the Lyre. 

Associate Editor, Alpha, 


^^The winter being over. 
In order comes the spring." 

Beta sends her heartiest greetings in this, the bright spring- 
time, to all her sisters in Alpha Chi Omega, especially remember- 
ing the recently elected officers, who have started forth on their 
round of duties for the next t\\K> years. 

The end of the melaneholv days" did not leave us in a sad 
state of mind by any means, I am sure, for we had then welcomed 
into our circle five most loyal girls. They were Mary Dickie, 
Maizic Goodenow, and Belle Loder, of Albion; Elsie De Lanar- 
ter, of Muskegon; and ^lyrtle Wallis, of Saginaw; besides this 
adding to our number two pledge girls, Georgia Goodenow and 
Jessie Blanchard, both of this citv. Their initiation \^\as held two 
different evenings; first the "racket," and then the ceremony, 
after which we had our initiation banquet. The souvenirs for 
the latter were cards in the form of a Greek lyre, upon which were 
printed the following toasts, as called for by the toastmistress, 
Mary Ferine: "The Ideal Sororitv/' Ora*^ Woodworth; "The 
Frats'll Get You if You Don't Wati^h Out," Elsie DeLamarter; 
"Out of Darkness Into Lio:lit," Mary Dickie; "When we Entered 
Greekdoni," Clarissa Dickie; "WhV I'm an Alpha Chi," Belle 
Lo<ler; "His :\Iajesty, the Goat," MVrtle Wallis; "A Chi, Yester- 
day, To-day, and Forever," Grace Armstrong Burnham. 

Our cliapt<^r has not only been represented in musical circles 
this year, but in other departments of the college as well. Sis- 


THE L7RS. 87 

ter Kate Calkins was chosen by the faculty as one of their two rep- 
resentatives in the college oratorical contest, while Sister Elsie 
DeLamarter had the same honor from the Erosphian, one of the 
leading literary societies in the college. Sister Kate Calkins 
recently served as president, and Sister Susie Ferine as vice 
president of this society. 

Sister Elsie l)e Lamarter is captain of the Freshmen ladies' 
basket ball team; while your corresj)ondont is a member of the 
'varsity team, as well as of the junior team. Kecently the latter 
was invited to organize a basket ball team at Marshall, one of the 
neighboring cities. About the first of January, Sister Kate Cal- 
kins assisted Mr. W. J. Moore, con. '00, in a recital at Fort 
Huron, Michigan. 

We have enjoyed having several of our ahnnnae visit us 
this year, among whom might be mentioned Florence 
Hoag, of Toledo, Ohio; Mrs. Emma Fhelps Vary, of Battle 
Creek; Mrs. Ada Dickie Hamblen, of Detroit; Miss Eva Fratt, 
of Lansing; Mrs. Jeanette Allen Cushman, of Tekonsha, and 
Jennie Dickcrson, of Buffalo, X. Y. 

Yours in the lx>nd, 

Maru L. Perine. 

Once again Beta of Alpha Chi Omega is saddened by the 
breaking of the Golden C^hord of our Frateniitv Lyre. In the 
death of Nellie Baum we mourn the loss of one of our truest and 
most loyal sisters. But, though this link is unfastened from our 
earthly chain, it binds us closer to the lieavenly host whose circle 
she has joined. Iler heart was one with ours in the bond and 
her sweet voice lingering with us bids us to weep no more, but to 
rejoice in her new found hapj)iness even until we shall be privi- 
leged to share it with her throughout the great forever. 

Therefore, he it Besolved, That we extend to our lx>reaved 
sister Lina, and to the other meml)ers of the family, the assurance 
of our tenderest s\'mpathy ; 

That each member of our clia])ter v^ar an emblem of mourn- 
ing for a period of two weeks ; 

That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the family of our 
deceased sister, l^e entered on the chapter rcords, be published in 
the College Fleiad, and in the Lyre of Alpha Chi Omega. 

Susie Ferine, 
Ora Woodworth, 





Whereas, The Heavenly Father in his loving wisdom has 
seen fit to remove from our midst Nellie Baum, one of the fairest 
of Albion's daughters; 

Be is Resolvedj That we, the students of Albion Collie, ex- 
tend our heartfelt sympathy and condolence to the saddened 
parents and sister; and furthermore 

Be it Besolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to 
the bereaved family, and copies be inserted in the Albion College 
Pleiad and the Albion Recorder, 

Lena Hunt, 
Agnes McVittie, 
Margaret Dixon, 


Sister Nellie Baum, who left Albion the last of September to 
study in an art school in Cleveland, Ohio, was taken ill with Ty- 
phoid Fever, and died November 27, 1900. 


Dear Sisters: — Gamma sends greetings and best wishes for 
the New Century to all her sister chapters. 

We have Ix^n most hapgy to welcome to our number six 
ne\\5 initiates, MissCvS Ethel Isbester and Marion Ewell of Evans- 
ton, iMiss Elizabeth Tompkins of Morrisville, N. Y. ; Miss 
Edith Wimph of Waverly, Illinois; Miss Cora Beeman of Wau- 
kon, Iowa, and iliss Louise Atwood of Beloit, Kansas. 

The chief musical event of the season was the first of three 
concertos given by the Evanston Musical Club, December 18, 1900, 
of which several Alpha Chis are members. As is customary to 
this initial concert- of the season, Handel's "Messiah" was pro- 
duced, with its usual degree of excellence, the soloists being: — 
Mrs. Jennie Fish Griffiin, soprano; Miss Mabelle Crawford, alto; 
Mr. Frederick Carberry, tenor; and Mr. Charles W. Clark, basso. 
The performance was ably conducted by Prof. Lutkin, Dean of 
the Xortlnvestern School of Music. There have been a number 
of interesting students' recitals at Music Hall this year, in which 
several Alpha Chis have taken part. Amonff the Faculty Con- 
cf^rts recently given, one of intx^rest was a Lecture Recital by Mrs. 
George A. Coe on Primitive Music, embracing the music of the 




Indians, Chinese, and of India, illustrated on the piano by Mrs. 
Coe and Miss Grace Ericson. 

Alpha Chi gave a reception to Gamma Phi during their 
Convention, November 13th to 17th, 1900, at the pleasant house 
of Miss Carrie Holbrook. The decorations in the reception 
rooms were American Beautv roses and chrvsanthemums. Those 
in the dining-rooms were red carnations, our Alpha Chi flower, 
the color scheme here of red and green being continued in the re- 
freshments giving a very pretty effect. Alpha Chi has been pleas- 
antly entertained at the homes of the following members : — Miss 
Ethel Isbester, Miss Cora Sugars, Miss Mabel Uunn, Miss Theo- 
dora Chaffee, Miss Ruth Inglis, and at the Woman's Hall by Miss 
Cora Beeman and Miss Louise Atwood. 

During the summer vacation those of us who live in Evanston 
and vicinity organized a "Summer Club" which met every two 
^^'^eeks at the homes of the different girls and so kept in touch mth 
each other and Alpha Chi. 

Miss Mabel Dunn was our delegate to the Convention held 
in Boston, December 6th, 7th and 8th, 1900, and on her return 
gave a most interesting and enteraining acoimt of the proceedings 
(would it not be a propos to remark here that Gamma is waiting 
for the songs from her sister chapters.) 

Gamma hopes and trusts that the high ideal of our Ixjloved 

sorority may be realized by each individual Alpha Chi. 


Ruth Victoria Inglis, 


Dear Sisters: — Theta has experienciMl this year a succession 
of ups and downs the most diversified in her histwy, in which 
Dame Fortune has taken it upon herself to test our true loyalty 
and then smile upon our invincibleness. At the opening of the 
year we felt ourselves seriously crippled by the loss of so many of 
our members as well as by the fact that an almost entire change 
in the faculty of the School of Music would mean a smaller field 
for Alpha Chi to reap a harvest. 

Some of our fears were realized, but wie conjured up courage 
to tide us over the convention, from whence our delegates brought 



home 80 much enthusiasm and animation that we were happily 
strengthened with vows newly-taken. 

Mr. Albert Lockwood of the pianoforte department, and Mr. 
Ilowland, the voeal instructor, have already done much for the 
vielfare of tlie school so that we have no fears for few "eligibles" 
in the future. Since October we have been fortunat-e in initiating 
two asociate members, iliss Alice Bailey Rolfe, who has been 
teaching voice in the School of Music, and Mrs. Bernard Sturm, 
wife of Mr. Sturm of the violin department. Myrtle Wilcox, of 
Minnesota, is also a new member, and Edith Simmons, of Detroit, 
and Florence Bobb, of Ann Arbor, are wearing the ribbons. 

At our Wednesday evening meetings at the chapter house we 
aim to combine business with pleasure. One feature is a current 
topic from each member after which a general discussion is every- 
ones privilege. The short musical program which follows is made 
as imconventional as possible. 

Among the many artistic attractions this winter may be men- 
tioned concerts given by the Pittsburg Orchestra, Fritz Kreisler, 
violinist; Ernest von Dolmanyi, pianist, and song recitals soon to 
be given by David Bispham and Max Heinrich. These, together 
with interesting faculty concerts which occur every month, and 
many other attractions both musical and literary make us not in- 
different to the merits of Ann Arbor. 

Preparations are already being made for the May Festival 
and the engagement of ifadame Schumann-ITeinck and Campanar 
as soloists at tliat time nre announced. The chorus will render 
^^EHjali" and Sullivan's ^'Golden Legend" at two of the concerts. 

Witli sincerest wishes to her Sisters Theta trusts that life 
will go well with them to a superlating degree. 

• Martha C, Clark. 


\)vi\v Sisters: — It is with great pleasure that Delta seiids 
gn^etings to the sister cliajx^rs of Alpha (1ii Omega. 

We have enioved a vorv successful vear and since our last 
letter to the Lvre wo liave ioined to our mvstic circle several new 
girls, ^Fyrtle Dunbar, Clarion ^liller, Mary Roberts, Millicent 
Moore, Carrie* P>ev(T and Anna Borland. Again on the night of 
Feljrnarv 14th, the goat was l>rought out and we can now intro- 
duce Etlielwyn Porter and !Mable Muec of Ilulings Hall ; Myrta 



Porter, Helen and Mary Howe and Mrs. E. Bruce Gamble, town 
girls. We welcomed them royally and already they have proven 
themselves worthy sisters and excellent additions to our chapter. 
We now have an active chapter of twenty-two and there seems to 
be every reason to expect a useful and prosperous. year. 

Delta Chapter gave a very delightful concert at the beginning 
of the college year. It not only proved a great success musically 
and socially but financially as well. 

Through the efforts of the Pennsylvania College of Music, 
Meadville people have had the pleasure of hearing several very 
fine concerts. Alreadv we have heard the New York Ladies Trio 


Club with Lillian Carlsmith, also Hans Kronold, 'cellist. In the 
near future \^?e hope to hear the Ton Kunite Quartette and others 
equally as good. 

We take great pleasure in announcing to the sister chapters 
that a new fraternity has been organized in our school of music — 
Kappa Delta Epsilon. This is the Alpha Chap.ter but already 
they have a promising outlook for several new chapters. They 
have our best wishes for a successful future. 

Our delegate reported a very enjoyable time at the conven- 
tion and Delta is especially pleased with the results of the business 
transactions. The girls are delie:hted with the pledge pins that 
were adopted. 

One of the social events of the season was the college dinner 
given in the g\Tnnasium on Washington's Birthday. If ever there 
was college spirit, it was certainly demonstrated at this affair 
wihich was attended bv almost the entire student bcxlv and many 
of the alumni of Old Allegheny. 

Miss Florence Harper gave a very delightful party for her 
Alpha Chi sisters at her home on the Diamond. Part of the even- 
ing was given to progressive games and all had a very enjoyable 


Sincerely wishing success and happiness to the sister chapters. 

Yours in the bond, 

Clara Louise Lord. 





Al pha Chi Omega. 

New England Conservatory of Music 





I. F, NEWMAN, " **" ^^^ 



I confine myself exclusively to a fine grade of work » and my Jeweled Badges 
are unequalled for richness and beauty. In crown 

se ting, particularly, 

J' J' Large Jewels of Real Value J' J' 

are mounted in true cluster form. I make a specialty of pure 
Diamond or Diamond combination pieces. Price list» samples 
and estiniates sent on application through 3 our chapter. 



Diamonci and Pine Jeweled >Vorlced flings* 

19 John Street, N Y. 




'Bn%%Sf Hallet & Davis, Steinway, Chickcring, New England, 

Blasius and others. 

^Photographs . . . 

If yotj have not had your Photo* taken by Fowler, 
you should, and if you have, come again. J> J' J^ 

J'owler utudio, 

947 Water Sireei, Tffeadviiii^, !Pa. 



When yon have eaten a jpiece of every kind of candy you have ever 
seen, no matter what price you have paid, even 86 cts. per lb., then 
eat one piece of Phelps' Perfection Chocolate Chips and you will 
decide it is the best piece of candy you have ever tasted — or your 
money back. 

Manutaetured by 


Meadvllle^ Ra.^ U. S. J^. 


-AgentA for Chase and Sanborn Coffee» 









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VOL. V. JUNE, i90U No.2> 



Tby twilight song, O bird of sky — 
A vesper h^^lul, an evening prayer; 
A grosser song l)eneath sing 1 
In minor tones ve would not share. 

Thou fetterless wild-winged bird, 
Thy fearless song a thankful strain, 
The song 1 sing in tune and word 
Is cloved with earth's care-eounted ffain. 

Ye sing of love* and sing of life, 
And sing of joy, and sing of p(»ace 
(Ye never knew a note of strife) 
Sing on, Light Heart, and never cease ! 

Luci/ (/. Andrews, 

I hear — C) many ditfer(*nt songs; 
The song of love, the song of rest. 
The song of sadness of the soul, 
'i'lie song of joy, the song of jest. 

At morn the river's story-song. 
The song of birds, the song of bees. 
The soft caressing of the wind, 
The wdiisj)er of the distant trees. 



The dallying touch <>£ ftngers soft 
Upon the wtriiigs wlien day grows dim; 
'J'lie rtoiig of sweet forget fulness, 
The husli of soul— the evening hjTiin. 

Thp song of well content in toil ; 
lu laltor'fl pause when eares hut dream; 
And o'er the erih a mother croons 
A ]daintivo tale with broken theme. 

Unt sweetest is the silent song 
That song unspoken in the hreast, 
When life or love or grief or joy 
Draws friend to friend a nearer gneat. 

Lucy 0. Andrews. 


PARSIFAL (Continued.) 

(By Elizabeth Patterson Sawyers, Mtis. B., A. C. M., De Paiiw 


^*He 'twas ! He shot ! See this arrow like his own. Is it thou 
who killed the swan V^ 

Parsifal replies in innocence, ^*For sure! 1 hit all that flies." 
To Gurneuianz's severe re])rinian(l Parsifal listens with rapt at- 
tention. Finally, havin<j: l)econie cognizant of his guilt, he breaks 
his bow and throws away his arrows, saying, '*! knew not that 
'twas wrong." Gunienianz then asks him the questions concern- 
ing his father, his name, the cause of his wanderings, none of 
which he can answer, re])lying to all, 'VDas weisz ich nicht." 

On Gurnemanz questioning him concerning his name and 
whence he came, the motive of the mother s love is heard. Finally 
when questioned of his mother, the vague past comes to his mind. 

His mother's love seems to be his one sweet memorv. 


Kimdry, still crouching in the wood, glances sharply at Parsifal 
and breaks in with hoarse tones, "Bereft of father, for in battle 
perished Gainuret, his mother reared him in the desert, a witless 

Parsifal then relates his wanderings over hill and dale in pur- 
suit of the armoured horseman, who had fascinated his childlike 
mind. Kundry continues the story by telling how giants fell to 
his might, bringing fear on their spirits. 

*'Who fearest me ^" asks Parsifal. 

**The wicked," replies Kundry. 

Parsifal again asks: **Were those who attacked me bad < Who 
then is good ?" 

*'Tliv dear mother whom thou fors(.K)kest, and who mourns for 
thee," answers Gurnemanz. 

**Slie mourns no more; his mother is dead." 

Parsifal, at this news from Kundry, is first angry with the 



suspicion of Kundry's decoptioii ; then, realizing the truth, is so 
affected tliat lie reels and cries out feebly, "1 am fainting." 

Ivundry now. acts in his servile capacity, bringing water to re- 
suscitate the unconscious Parsifal. The Orchestra ftoiuids the 
motive of Kundry as a helping maid, Kundry turning sadly 
away, mourning her wretched fate, singing with despairing pathos: 
*'I do no good thing, but rest 1 long for. Shunber! Oh! would 
that none might wake me. Xo ! I'll sleep not ; terror grips me." 

As she feels the awful inHuence of Klingsor coming over her, 
she utters an agonized groan and trembles violently. 

**Vain to resist. Mv time has come. 
Shunber, shunber I must." 

Kundry's condition is strongly impressed upon you not only 
by her words, but by the low, solemn throbbing of the orchestra. 
Disappearing behind a thicket, she is seen no more. 

In the distance, the train of Amfortas is soon returning to the 
Grail Castle. (lurnemanz, placing Parsifal's arm around his 
neck, and, supi)orting him, leads him forward, saying: — 

"From bathing C(unes the King. 

Let me to the holv feast c(mduct thee. 


For, if thou art i)ure, 

Surely the Grail will feed and refresh thee." 

Parsifal and (hirnenuuiz, as the scene changes slowly, are lost 
to view in tbe rocky ]>atlis. T\\v Bell motive, with all its profound 
ini]>ressivcness, begins its solemn clanging. Then we see again 
Parsifal and Ciurnemanz ascending the mountain. Eventually, 
they arrive at the niiglity hall of the Temple, over which is a 
higli-vanltcMl dome, through which the light streams. From the 
heights is heard the* bell aeeonipaniment. The orchestra attain- 
ing its full richness of strength, trombones from the stage sound 
fortissimo the ^^uppcr moCirr, 



With this annunciation the Knights of the Grail enter the hall, 
robed in white tunics with mantles of rose hue. Two long, cov- 
ered tables, on which are cups, are placed on either side of the 
stage. At these tables the Knights arrange themselves with great 
solemnity. Bells are rung, and, when they cease, the Knights 
sing the Bell motive to the words: '*The Holy SupjK^r duly pre- 
]>are we dav bv dav." 

The Grail motive is srivcn out fortissimo bv orchestra and bells 
and, as the litter of Amfortas is carried in, the repentance chorus 
is heard coming from the mid-height of the hall. Then, like a 
breath from heaven comes, from the summit of the dome, the 
belief chorus of boys' voices. Before Amfortas march boys, who 
carry a shrine draped in purple- red cloth. 

In the centre of the background is a raised couch, overhung 
with a canopy. On this Amfortas is ])laced, and, before him, is a 
table on which rests the shrine, still covered. After a long silence 
Tintural speaks, as from a grave, commanding Amfortas to ad- 
minister the holv office. 

Amfortas, realizing his guilt, in desperation refuses, begging 
his father to again assume his authority. The repentance and 
irildness motives are strongly brought out and, as Tinturel men- 
tions the (piickening quality of the Grail, a wonderfully graphic 
treatment of the Grail and Last Supper motives weave, as it were, 
a suj^port around the sufferinf/ motive of Amfortas. He prays for 
mercy and healing, that he may once more feel holiness. 

The Last Supper motive is heard again. In sweet consolation 
tones, boys' voices from tlie upi)er dome sing: — 

'*Hv i)itv liirhtened, 
The guileless Fool, 

Wait for him 

ifv chosen Tool." 

Tinturel again commands the Grail to be uncovered. The 



boys, raising a cloth, expose a crystal cup which they set before 
Auifortas. As Amfortas bows in prayer, during which the or- 
chestra sounds out the Last Supper theme, an oppressive gloom 
overspreads the liall of the Temple. 

Then — 

^^As from a distance beyond a distance grew 
C^oming upon me — O never harp nor horn 
Xor oughf we blow with breath or touch with hand 
Was like that music as it came" — was heard from the upi>er 
distance — 

**Takc and drink my blood. 
Take mv body and eat. 
Do this and think of me." 

All are l)owed in prayer, the twilight falls, a ray of li(]uid fire 
touches the crystal cup, causing it to glow with a resjdendent pur- 
ple lustre. Amfortas raises the cup upon which the Knights rev- 
erently gaze. The orchestra sounds the patlios of the Saviours 
lament and repentance^ chorus. Amfortas places the Grail on the 
table — wlien it fades as we hear a solemn mingling of the Grail 
and Swan motives. As the glixun rises and the hall becomes light 
the cu])s on the tables are filled with wine, and, with the distribu- 
tion of bread, the Jvnights sit down to the Holy Supper. All 
partake excepting Parsifal, who remains standing, silent and mo- 
tionless, l()st in meditation and amazement. 

Voices fn^m the heights and middle-height sing the exquisite 
chorus of the trans-substantiation of the bread and wine. The 
Knights sing: — 

^^Take of this bread to wcn'k out the l^ord's desiring. 
Take of this wine to fiirht as dutv shall warrant." 

The Bell theme is rvthmicallv initiated bv the orchestra. The 
(irail theme enters again, to which the Knights sing: — 



'^Blessed believing. 
Blessed in loving." 

echoed by the youths in the middle-heights, and re-echoed by boys 
in the utmost heights, dying to the faintest pianissimo. 

The orchestra begins the belief chorus piano then, crescendos 
when all prei)are to depart. Amfortas, who has not partaken of 
the feast, i)resses his hand to his wound, as his agony has returned. 
He is assisted to his litter, after which the solemn procession 
passes from the stage. Parsifal, on hearing Amfortas' cry of 
pain, clutches his own heart, and we hear the wonderful prediction 

When the Knights have all left the hall, Gurnemanz, in ill 
humor, approaches Parsifal, as the orchestra plays the motive of 
the Saviour fi Lament. 

**Whv standest thou there ^ 
Wist thou what thou saw'st ?" 

The Parsifal and Swan motives accomi)any the words: — 

^*Thou art indeed a fool. 
Come awiiv, on thv road begone. 
Leave all our swans in the future alone." 

Poor Parsifal is then thrust angrily from the door. As Gurne- 
manz turns to follow the Knights, the prediction theme is heard 
again from the heights. 

^'By pity 'lightened, the guileless fo(d." 

The Grail motive follows with the words '"Blessed l)elieving" 

dying away with the distant peal of bells. 

Thus ends the ju'ophesy, as the curtains close on this ennobling 

sacred scene. 




From the sweet purity of tlie first act, we pass into Klingsor's 
magic domain, wJiere all is sensuality. The prehicle, after a short, 
gloomy passage, bursts into the wild Kltiirjsor motive, after which 
we hear the repentance, wildness of Kundry, and magic sleep mo- 

From this presentation of themes we can almost anticipate the 
tlirilling content of tlie following act. The orchestral movement 
is wonderful in its agitated treatment of the repentance motive, 
changing in uncertain effects to tlie wildness and sleep motives. 

The curtain opening, we see Klingsor sitting on the rampart 
of a tower before a mirror. Steps lead from the darkness below* 
to the summit of the battlement. ITe calls Kundry, who is in the 
gloomy chamber underneath. 

**Fptliere! To work ! Thy time has come." 

Descending, he lights incense, which fills the air with a blue, 
uncanny va])or. Then, ascending to his former place, he calls 
again as he weirdly gesticulates. 

"Arise, thou Rose of Hades ! 
Thy master calls — api)ear!" 

In the mystic light is seen indistinctly the rising form of a 
woman, who utters a wild, distressed scream, which the orchestra 
accompanies with a striking dissonance and the motive of Kundry*s 
wild laiKjhler. 

Klingsor, with fiendish relish, continues: — ^'Awak'st thou i Ila I 
to mv si)ell tliou succumbest. But with thv charms thou must to- 
dav (lestrov one who now draws near whom sheerest follv shiekLs." 

In despairing accents, she replies, **I will not,'' as we hear the 
motive of the Saviour' s Lament, indicating her desire for purity. 
Klingsor reviles her in accents of rage, when the laurjh and the 
nun/ic sfcrp motives are prominently employed. Klingsor taunt- 
ingly asks her concerning her benutiful victim Amfortas. Ilis 
suffcrlnr/ niofire is heard ami Kundry, remembering his weakness, 



breaks into laineiitation as we hear the temptation motive, but 
iiniiiediately followed by that of repentance as she wails, '*0h, 
from mv course, who shall set nie free f ' 

Klingsor replies, ^*He, who has power to spurn thee, shall set 
thee free. So try with yonder boy who now approaches." 

Kundry again defies liini with, *"! will not/' 

The Parsifal motive rings out with its refreshing ])urity. As 
Parsifal is seen in tlie distance, Klingsor calls up his captive 
Knights to defend the Citadel. Parsifal, in his strength of un- 
jainted manhoixl, successfully defends himself in the battle against 
the sin- weakened Knights, and, as he mounts the ramparts, Kling- 
sor remarks: — 

'*JIow ])roudly he stands on the rampart, 
His c(mntenance, how smiling and rosy!'' 

The instrumentation of the unseen battle is most extraordinary. 
The motive of the (juilelefis fool is used in a different rythm 
which sounds quite warlike, and, in the broken octaves which are 
snapped off staccato by the violins, we can easily imagine the 
blows which Parsifal is dealing upon his antagonists. 

Kundry, at last /overpowerei] by Klingsor's Satanic magic, 
laughs more and more ecstatically, which culminates in a cry of 
anguish. As she vanishes, the blue* light deei)ens into darkness. 
Klingsor, in his satisfaction that Kundry is again in his power, 
cries out: — 

'*The charm I know full well 
Which ever compels thee to do my behest. 
Them there — babyish sprig — 
When thy pureness has (lei)arted. 
To me thou'lt be devoted." 

In the harsh forte of the Klingsor motive, the tower with him- 



self sinks from view and the enchanted garden rises in all its 
tropical beauty. As Parsifal gazes on this gorgeous scene we 
liear his motive piano, bv horns. Hurrying from all sides, appear 
maidens of marvelous physical charms, seeking their absent lovers. 
After the Parsifal motive, they cry out for the wounded ones, 
asking concerning the tumult, what its cause, and who the new 
transgressor. The ensemble of this maiden chorus is most artistic- 
ally a])portioned in two groups of three solo voices and semi- 
choruses. The first grouj) and then the second disappears, and 
finally, as we hear the motive of seductive hlooming, they return 
from the groves, decked in flower dresses of exquisite hues. They 
seek to allure Parsifal, ^*not for gold, but love's sweet sake," 
when we hear the lore mot ire. Tliev press about Parsifal in child- 
ish play, stroking his face and his hair, promising all the fruits of 
sensuous affection. The song of alhirement, which they sing in 
swaying waltz rythm, must, to even the untutored ear, be con- 
sidered beautifully melodious. In this working out of themes, 
the dranuitic i>ower, attained by the skilfuU emplo\nnent of solo 
voices and cliorus work, shows the wealth of form which so char- 
acterizes Wagner. 

Parsifal, ]>k'ased for the moment by this new phase, of beauty 
surrounding liim, asks if they are flowers. The reply is of the mo- 
tive of tlie ^7>>//'/7 of the flowers. He soon tires, however, of their 
aggressive ways and repulses them. They deride him as a fool, 
a coward Ix^fore women, using tlie teasing motive. Kundry's 
voice is suddenly lieard in tlie prediction motive, calling, "Parsi- 
fal — tarrv I"* 

The maidens return to their wounded Knights, calling, ''Thou 
fair one, thou ])roud one, thou fool."*' 

Kundry a])pears througli the withdrawn branches, a womanly 
form of entrancing beauty. She reclines on a flowery couch, en- 
velo])ed in a delicately tinted i»auze. She possesses all the physical 
charms of woman. Asking Parsifal in rich, hniguid tones, **WTiat 
drew you here f' the orchesti'a impressively answers by sounding 
the motive of the halloired ^^pear. 



She tells him, calling him by name, of his father, and, with 
bewitching sympathy, of his chorished, though forsaken, mother. 
In seductive tones she touches upon the sweetest memory of his 
life, telling him of his babyhood, when, with care and sorrow, 
his mother guarded him from sin and death as was his father's. 
"Tliou wert not afraid of kisses from her. When thou awav did'st 
go and rctudned'st not again, the anguish broke her heart — she 

During this monologue, the motive of He rzele ides' (his 
mother's) love. Saviour s Lament, spirit of the flowers, and magic 
sleep twine and inter-twine in a l)t»autiful garland of roses and 

Kundry certainly begins her strategy well, as Parsifal feels he 
has found in lier a sympathizer in his boyhood's sorrow. He 
sinks at Kundry's feet in complete dejection, bewailing his ^'faith- 
ful, fondest of mothers." As Kimdry bends forward, gently 
touching his forehead, she wreathes her arms confidingly about his 
neck, alluring him with tones of ineifable sweetness, — 

*'Let now, thy bitter woe find mitigation 
In joys that love can show." 

Parsifal, thinking only of his mother's love, remains silent and 
motionless. Kundry bows her head to his and presses upon his 
pure lips an unholy kiss. The magic sleep motive, which is being 
employed, causes tlie scene to burn with awful oppression. Be- 
fore us we see the good and the bad in closest embrace. Evil has 
taken the most insinuatingly clever steps to hide its enormity from 
the unsuspecting eyes of Purity. Which will conquer ? 

Suddenly Parsifal springs to his feet with a gesture of horror 
as his hands tightly press his heart. He feels the sh(x?king agony 
of Amfortas' wound. With fury he cries out: "Amfortas! The 
sj^ear wound ! In me I feel it burning. Horror ! Horror ! dire- 
fullest horror!" The spear, grief, wildness and remorse motives 



depict liis intense suffering, but not yet is he entirely free from the 
powerful witchery of this wicked wretch. As the magic sleep and 
passion motives are heard, lie cries out again: — 

*'The terrible passion ! Love's deliriimi ! 
How all things tremble heave and quake 
With longings that are sinful !'' 

In this fearful battle between the carnal and spiritual natures 
of the man, desperation seizes us in the thought that he may suc- 
cumb to the powers of sin. He remembers the sacred Cup, the 
Blood of the Holy One, and, throwing himself on his knees, begs : — 

"Redeemer, Saviour, Gracious Lord, 
What can retrieve mv crime abhorred C 

The motive of the Last Supper, Saviou7'\s Lament and repentance 
are given with their wonderful significance. 

Kundry now tries fiattery when she sees her arts of passion 
have failed, but he now recognizes her as the temptress of Am- 
fortas. He thrusts her from him in bitterest scorn, as we hear the 
irlldnrss and repentance motives. A peculiar psychological 
change takes j)lace in Kundry. Though still under the magic 
sj)ell, she understands her defeat and jjerceives in Parsifal her 
saviour, and her owji unsullied love is awakened — depicted by the 
lore mofirr of Kundry. It is a combination of the Bell theme 
of the first act and of the Rapture theme, indicative of her dual 
nature. She now tells of having once scoffed at the Saviour and 
as a curse u])ou her sin she should ever seek salvation which would 
elu(l(» her. With the confession, *'T saw Him once and mocked 
Him and seek Him now from world to world,'' begins the LaM 
Supper flieuw in unison with the (wofl Friday and spear motives, 
followcil by tlie laurjh, rrildness and remorse motives. What 
clearly intelligible messages this ^'inarticulate language of the 
souT' imparts to us I 



Kiindry tries yet by many means to entice Parsifal, when are 
heard the motives of alluring and sinrii of the flowers. But 
Parsifal tells her he must depart, — 

"Etemallv, I should 1x3 damned with thee 
If, for one. hour, I forget my holy mission." 

Kundry replies: — 

"Redeem the world then, if 'tis thine aim. 
Stand as a god revealed." 

Musically and dramatically, this is one of the strongest cli- 
maxes in the entire drama. Parsifal now promises her redemp- 
tion, if she will show him the way to Amfortas, but "under the 
curse," her wicked nature ])redominates and she refuses, as is 
sounded in the wild-riditu) motive. When she finds Parsifal is 
leaving her, she calls for Klingsor's help, cursing his wanderings 
that he might never find his way. Klingsor ai)i)ears on the castle 
wall with a spear; the maidens hasten to Kundry; Klingsor 
calls in threatening tones: — 

"Halt there! Til ban tliee with befitting gear. 
The fool shall ])erish by the master's s|K'ar." 

He hurls the sp(*ar, which floats over Parsifal's head. To the 
strains of the Grail motive, Parsifal siezes the s])ear with rapture. 
Making the sign of the cross, he holds the spear aloft, whereat 
the castle and magic gar<lens fall into oblivion. Kundry sinks 
into the darkness with a piercing shriek, a wail of the deepest 

The motive of seduetive bloom ing becomes strangely dismantled 
and changes into the fading motive. From. the sunmiit of the 
wall, the victorious, noble, departing Parsifal calls : — 

"Thou knowest where only we shall meet again." 



The fading motive is heard in solemn strains as Parsifal dis- 
appears. The motives of repentance and rapture join in a moiim- 
fnl union; a drum roll, a minor chord sounded twice softly and 
a third time forte, when the curtains fall together. 

The act, with all of its fantastic colorings, its enormous beauty, 
its terrible struggle of purity against sin, the culmination in the 
unequivocal triumph of Good over the ])owers of darkness — all so 
strongly pictured by Wagner's unique instnunentation — is over- 
powering in effect. We can only seek for peace in the third act. 

(To be continued.) 




()2 rue Paradis, 
Liege, Belgium, 
April 2, 1901. 
To my Sisters in Alpha Chi: 

From a distant land I send vou l)est wishevS and faithful alle- 
giance to our beloved ^'Frat." 

First of all, I wish to tell you how delightful it was to meet an 
Al])ha Chi from Beta, in this city, after a long and tedious, as 
well as jx^rilous, journey across the Atlantic. We are studying 
with the same professor, Ovide ilusin. 

In America J^iege is not very well known, I fear, but in Europe 
its fame is widespread, the Conservatoire here Ix^ing specially 
noted for its excellent advantages for the study of the violin. In 
the Conservatoire Leonard, Wieniawski, Vieuxtem])s, ^larsick, 
Sauret, Thomson, Ysaye and ^lusin have been students, and later, 
wuth two exceptions, ilarsick and Sauret, teachers, ^[r. !Musin 
holding the place of honor at the present time. 

Durinc: this season there have been manv excellent concerts iu 
the city, giv(»n by societies and high-class tpiartettes, quintettes 
and artists. By one of the first named, the Liege Choral Society, 
was given Beethoven's ^'^lissa Solennis" in I) major. We have 
also listened to concerts h\ the Rose Quartette of Vienna, the 
Quintette of Meiningen, IIand)(>urg the ])ianist, and Ysaye the 
violinist. There has been a plenty of opera, too, the best being 
"Manon," conducted by the c<>mj)oser, Massenet. Of the Circle of 
Amateur concerts there have l)een three. In these have* appeared 
as soloists Madanu^ Ilenryk Arctowski, soprano (an American 
girl, by the way, who has married a Polish exjdorer) ; iLadamoi- 
selle Gaetane Britt, an harpist from Paris, and Mr. Theo. Charlier 
from Bruss(ds, who is reputed to be the finest truuipeter in the 
world. But the best concert is vet to come ! The seventeenth of 



April "L'an II il/' the work of Gabriel Pierne, is to be given, the 
eminent composer conducting. On that night Ovide Musin will 
be concert master, Felix Kenard, the composer, will be with the 
first violins, and Loervenson, of Brussels, who enjoys an Europ- 
ean if not an American reputation, will be the 'cellist. With these 
illustrious people two of your '^sisters," Miss Gunnels and myself, 
will play. 

The hall, where our rehearsals and concerts are held, is the one 
in which C^hopin, Leonard, Vieuxtemps and a host of other famous 
musicians have often played. Do you wonder that one feels in- 
spired ? 

A short time ago several of the American Colony went to Brus- 
sels to hear Thomson ])lay the Bwthoven Concerto with the Con- 
servatoire orchestra (Sarasate played the night before, but I did 
not know of it in time to go.) When Ysaye played here, the 
Beethoven was on his ])rogranime, as was also the Bach C\>ncerto 
in E major. It was an excellent oi)portunity for those who heard 
Thomscm to draw com] )ari sons l)etw(K^n two of the great exix:»n- 
ents of the Belgian School. 

For the benefit of those interested in the violin, just a few words. 
I wish you all might hear one of Mr. ilusin's classes. Really, his 
classwork is marvelous, and unlike anything I have ever heard 
before. In America we sometimes have four in a class, three 
listening to the lesson of the fourth. Xot so here. Mr. Musin has 
about eight(»en in his class, meeting the ])upils three times each 
week. ( 'ertain exercises are given for study between lessons, each 
individual connnitting them to memory; the whole class plays 
each exercise ensemble. It sounds like one immense violin, and 
the l)enetit derived from this drill is perfectly astonishing. Do 
not think me an advert isinii: airent for the Conservatoire Roval de 
Liege, Iwrause I am not, but it may Ix^ interesting to some of my 
*'sisters" to know, of this system, which originated with Ovide 

In speaking of music in Liege, I had forgotten two features of 



the city — the street piano and hand-organ: I am forcibly re- 
minded of them, as one of the latter is grinding ont a succession of 
notes in the vestibule just outside my door. 

1 l>elieve I have chronicled the most interesting features of the 
musical world of Liege, so with renewed g(M)d wishes for my 
"sisters" and for the welfare of dear old Alpha Chi, I am 

Yours in the Bond, 

Belle McDicros.s t^ujouniey (Zeta). 




Etholbert W. Xevin, one of the foremost composers of the clay, 
was born at Edgeworth Xov. 25, 18r)2, and died at Xew Haven, 
Connecticnt, Feb. 17, 1001. 

He was a mere child when he showed ability to play war airs, 
which were, at that time, qnite in vogue. At five years of age he 
was a fairly good pianist, and his future, by all indications, was 
to be a brilliant one. His first instructor was [Miss Margaret 
Adair. After her death he entered the Pittsburg Conservatory of 
Music. Several vears after this he sailed for Berlin and became a 
pu[)il of Herr von Boehme. He was but fifteen years of age 
when he studied under liim. 

In less than a vear he returned to America and entered the 
Western University. In ISSl he was j)laced under a Boston in- 
stru(*tor, and remained there for two years. In 1883 he became 
organist at the Trinity Church of Pittsburg, but in 1884 he sailed 
ai^ain for Berlin and studied under Klindworth. 

He nia<le his debut in Berlin and next was in Italy, Paris and 
Vi(-nna. From that time on, his life Avas spent mostly in travel, 
but occasionally he came to his old home, "^Vineacre," named thus 
for its re])Oj?e. 

His greatest produ(*tions have a])j>eared within the last ten 
years, lie* wrot(^ his famous '^Serenade'' at the age of thirt-een, 
an<l **() that We Two Were Maviniz;'' at fifteen. Manv of his early 
comp(»sitioiis he dodicate<l to ^liss Anna Paull, who afterwards 
became his wife. 

His home life was very ])leasant, as all he cared for in this 
worM wjis his art and his familv. 

lie (lev(»t(Ml little of his time to society, but spent his idle hours 
with his family, for he thought that they would appreciate it 
mon* tliiui the societv world. 

]Mr. ^y'evin lia<l a great capacity for work, for in ten years he 



gave to the world over six hundred musical selections, writing 
them just as he was inspired. ^^Xarcissus" was written on a bleak 
winter morning, and ^^\t Fontainbleu" in a single night, after 
he had spent the evening with a party of young folks. 

He came from one of the oldest families in Pittsburg, and his 
ancestors were people of note. 

Etliell3ert Xevin's most notable compositions are: — 

^^Xarcissus," '^The Rosary," "O that We Two Were Maying," 
^'Good-night, Beloved," "C-aptive Memories," "May in Tuscany," 
'^Love Song," '^A Day in Venice," *'Water Scenes," a suite of 
four numbers, of which "Narcissus" is the last, the others being 
"Water Xymph," "Dragon Fly," "Ophelia" and "Barcarolle." 

There is no doubt but that the name of Ethelbert Nevin will be 
heard as long as time shall Ije. There was much gloom spread 
over the country when his death was announced. 

Although he died at an early age and no one can surmise what 
he might have done had he lived, yet we must be satisfied that he 
gave us as much as he did. Delta, 




Freshv, Freshv in the brook, 
Girls have got her on a hook. 
When tliey hind her higli and dry, 
Then she'll be an Alpha Chi. 

*'What are those colors — green and red ?" 
'^Scarlet and olive," I frigidly said. 
*^What are thev for ?" insisted the man. 
**Gness/' was my answer, *^giiess if you can." 

But he couldn't or wouldn't — the end is the same — 
So I spoke an ins])iring, soul-stirring name. 
He threw up his hands with a awe-stricken cry, 
And his fever-parched lips framed the words — *^Vlpha Chi." 

Edith Elaine Simmons, 





Published Quarterly by Edith Howland Maacbe^ter for Alpha Chi Omeg*,, 

83 Comstock Avenne, Providence, R. I. 
Subscription, $1.00 per year. Sinirle Copies, 25 cents. 

Entered at the Providence Post Office as Second Class Matter. 

EoiTtf Rowland Manchestbh, Editor-in-Chief. 


Alpha— 97ilhelmina S. Lank. Epsilon— Jessie Leone Davis. 

Bbta— Mary L Perine. Zeta— Helen Maude Collin. 

Gamma— Ruth V. IngUa. Eta— Belle Bartol. 

Delta— Clara Louise Lord. Thbta— Virginia May Fisk 

Iota— Ethel W. Azbill. 

VOL. V. PROVIDENCE, R. I., JUNE. 1901. No, 2. 

This is **Tlio Lyre's" last nppcaranoo until after the opening 
of a new eollejiro year. Let us not lose onr interest and enthusiasm 
for her welfare, even although the snninier may l>e too warm for 
mueh thought. 

There seems to he some sort of a misunderstiiinding, even 
among fraternity members, in regard to the exaet meaning of the 
word fraternity. It is d(M*ived, as almost evervone — whether or 
no he is familiar with Latin — knows, from the word f rater mean- 
ing brother, the eorresjionding word for sister being soror. Hence 
the name f rat emit ji and sorority, l>ut, by eoinmon consent and 
mutual understanding in both fraternity and sorority circles, the 
former is the name most gcnierally ap])lied to intercollegiate secret 
s(x*ieties of either sex. 

There is a fraternitv — in the strict s(Mise of the wor<l — recently 
organized, an<l gladly do we welcome tlu* Sinfonia Club to the 
circle of Frats. Tnlike most similar bodies, it has not a Greek 
letter name, but, as it grew out of a club of the same name, when 



becoming a fraternity, it was still known as the Sinfonia Club. 
It is in a most prospering condition, having already four chapters 
in the following colleges, Alpha, New England Conservatory, 
Boston ; Beta, Broad Street Conservatory, Philadelphia ; Gamma, 
American Institute of Applied Music, Xew York; Delta, Ithaca 
Consers'atory, Ithaca. Tlie Sinfonia Club held its first annual 
convention in Boston during the month of April. 


Alpha — De Pauw University. 

Since the last publication of "'The Lyre" Alpha has added three 

to her number — Grace Brvan, Xell Ross and Grace Connor. Sara 

Neal has also been initiated. Alj)ha feels proud indeed of her new 

accessions. We are making preparations for a party to be given 

our Universitv friends in a short time. 


Much of interest has luipj)ened this year both socially and in 
the Universitv. The several numbers of the Lecture and Concert 
course have been very entertaining and instructive, one of the most 
recent Ix^ing that given by the Mendelssohn ifale Quartette. 

Friday aftern(M>n, April 2(5, Victor Herbert, with his famous 
Pitts])urg Orchestra, gave a concert in ^leharry Hall. The solo- 
ist, Mr. Von Kunits^ violinist, was very fine, and the two orches- 
tral numbers, ''Yesterthoughts" and **Puncliinello," composed by 
Herbert, wore very mnch ap])reciated. 

Perhaps one of the most enjoyable occasions of late was the 
pianoforte recital bv IMiss Elizabeth Patterson Sawvers. She had 
no assistance and certainly needed none, as her playing was so 
com])lete and satisfying. Her })rogram consisted of twelve num- 
bers, the iirst being the Aj)assionata Sonata by Beethoven. 

The coming of Emil Liebling soon for an afternoon concert is 
looked forward to with great ])leasure l)y all. 

The annual del)ate, which was lield here between the representa- 
tives of liutler and De Pauw I'niversities, resulted victoriously 
for De Pauw. 



Plans are in progress for the erection of a new University 
building, which is to be devoted to the sciences. ^Ir. IMinshall, 
of Terre Haute, has donated fiftv thousand dollars toward the 
erection of this building, and the faculty expect to have the work 
begun at once. The campus is to be further improved by the lay- 
ing of cement walks. , 

Rose Meredith, of Muncie, has Ix^en in school a part of the 
term working up her Junior recital in piano, which she gave be- 
fore returning home. Miss ilabelle Johnson accompanied her 
vocal numbers. Wilhelmina Lauk gave her Senior recital in voice 
a few weeks ago. She was assisted by Miss Jessie L. Guild, 
pianist, and ^Mr. Sep Washbuni, flutist. Other recitals are to be 
given soon by our Juniors, further mention of which will be made 
in the next lett<?r. Jessie L, Guild, 

Beta — Albion College. 

Since our last letter a change has taken place in the administra- 
tion of Albion College, caused by the resignation of the President, 
John P. Ashlev. The board of trustees have chosen Dr. Samuel 
Dickie to assume the duties of President until their annual meet- 
ing in June, when the vacancy will be permanently filled. The 
students are at i)resent rejoicing over the prospect of a new library 
building, the immediate erection of which having been made pos- 
sible by a liberal gift of money from one of the ])atrons of the 

The Musical Festival occurs on Mav 21, 22 and 23 this vear, 
and much pleasure is anticipated in hearing iLrs. ITildegarde Hoff- 
man, Helen Buckley, Holmes Cowper, Barroff and Burmeister. 
The closing concert will consist of the rendering of Mendelssohn's 
"St. Paul" by the college choral union. 

The past few weeks have been very busy ones for the girls of 
Beta chapter, since, inst^^ad of our annual concert, we have given 
two parlor musicales. The first one was hehl at the home of Sister 
Mary Dickie and the second at the home of Sister Kate Calkins, 



while the following programs were carried out with very pleasing 
success : 

1. Allegi'o from Fourth Concerto Bennett. 

Miss Frances Dissette. 
Second Piano, iliss Ora Woodworth. 

2. The Sandman's Coming Schnel| 

Go, Lovel V Rose Hardee 

^liss Nella llamsdell. 

3. The Flatterer Chaminade. 

Miss ilaizie Goodenow\ 

4. The Lass with the Delicate Air Arne. 

iLiss Mvrtle llatswell. 

5. Ave Maria Gounod. 

^liss Marv Dickie. 

(). Songs ^[y ^1 other Used to Sing Dvorak. 

Under the Shade of the Jnni])er Tnn^ Hollae^der. 

iliss Kate Calkins. 

7. ( 'oncert Stuck Von Weber. 

^[iss Clarissa Dickie. 
Orchestra accomj)animent on second ])iano, 

Miss Kthel Calkins. 

The second j)r()irram was — 

1. Lichtertanz : Rubenstein. 

Miss Ora Woodworth, 
Miss Maizie Goodenow. 

'1. Hindoo Chant Birnberg. 

^liss Kate Calkins. 
3. Carnival ^lignon. 

Scciirs j>aiiroininii(|n(^s juMir Piano Edouard Schutt. 

No. 1. Scrcna<lc (TArlfMiuin. 
Xo. '1. Tristesse dc ( 'olomliine. 
Xo. 3. P(»lichinclle ( i>nrlcs(|ue). 
Xo. 4. Pierrot Peveiir. 



Xo. 5. Caprice Sganarelle. 

Aliss Clarissa Dickie. 

4. Ezra House James Wliitcomb Riley. 

iliss Belle Soder. 

5. At Parting James H. Rogers. 

Morning Song Rubenstein. 

IMiss ilyrtle Ilatswell. 

6. Air de Ballet ' • De Beriot. 

^liss Florence Iloag. 

7. The Homeward Sail J. Rlieinl)erger. 

Misses Ramsdell, Ilatswell, Wortliington. 

On April the active girls gave a six o'clock Easter dinner for 
their gentlemen friends. It seemed as though the lodge never 
looked as pretty as it did that evening; the ])ian() was decorated 
with Easter lilies, while scarlet carnations, set off by palms and 
ferns, gave a very charming appearance to the rooms. Sister 
Maud Armstrong of Detroit was with us, while T)r. and Mrs. 
Dickie were guests of honor. April 25 all the Chis were invited to 
a surprise i)arty at the home of Sister ^[aizie Gocxleuow, the occa- 
sion l>eing the birth(hiy of her sister Georgia, one of our pledge 
girls. Two of our girls. Sister Susie Ferine and Sister Kate 
Calkins, graduate from the literary department of the college in 
June, while Sisters Edna Tri])hagan and Louise Sheldon finish 
their course of studv in the c(mservatorv. This summer Sister 
Myrtle Hatswell has a j)osition as ])iano instruct<n- and accompan- 
ist at the Orion Assend)ly. We were much ])leased to receive a 
visit from ^liss Baker, one of the Theta girls, during the spring • 
vacation, and all other sisters will receive a cordial welcome. 

Mary L, Ferine, 

Albion, Mich., May »>, liiOl. 

Ciannnfi — Northwestern University. 

Dear Sisters: — Since Januarv we have received two new mem- 
hers into Alpha Chi Omega, ^liss ^Fyrta McKean and Miss Edna 
Stanton. The night of initiation was the occasion of a '^spread" 
and a genc^ral good time, even the new girls seeming to enjoy 
themselves ( 'Miot having had nearly such a hard time as we had,'' 
Iwing the verdict of all the others present). 

Invitations have been received for the marriage at Grand Rap- 



ids, j\Iich., of our Frat. sister Aliss Blanche Hughes and Mr. 
Eugene Hinckley of Sparta, Wisconsin. That every happiness 
may attend the bride is the earnest wish of Gamma Chapter. 

Being so near C^hicago, we have enjoyed the nimierous musical 
features of the seasons, one l)eing concerts by the great London 
artists, ilr. and ilrs. George Henschel. The last Thomas concert 
was given A])ril IDth and 20th with Miss Maud Powell as soloiste. 
She is, as the readers of the ^*Lvre'' know, an honorary Alpha Chi, 
so at the afternoon performance, after her rendering the Tschaik- 
owsky Concerto for violin, Opus 35, we sent her scarlet carnations 
tied with green ribbon. 

We have also just enjoyed a week of grand opera, listening to 
old favorite stars and some new ones. Last year. Manager Grau 
said that he would never come to Chicago again, that Chicago- 
ans were not a music-hwing peo])le, but, after all he decided to 
give the city a chance to retrieve its reputation, and with evident 
success. Never were such brilliant and enthusiastic audiences 
seen at the Auditorium, while on several occasions people were 
turned away for lack of seats and standing room. 

The ^'Elijah'' was given by the Evanston and Kavenwood Musi- 
cal Clul>s under the direction of Dean Lutkin, of Xorth western 
School of ilusic, at the Central Music Hall, Chicago, with the 
following soloists : ilrs. Genevieve Clark Wilson, Miss De Sellem, 
Mr. George Hamlin, and Mr. Charles W. Clark. 

The graduate recitals are beginning now and will continue 'til 
nearly the end of June. One of special interest to us is that of 
Miss ^label Dunn, who irraduatc^ from the Artists' course. 

We are all looking forward eagerly to our annual dancing 
j)arty, for which invitations are out, for IMay the