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Full text of "Mackinac, the Wonderful isle, Petoskey, Traverse City and other northern Michigan summer resorts"

LIBmffiY OF CONGRESS. 



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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 



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Summer Resorts and Lake Region of Northern Michigan. Grand Rapids & Indiana Railroad. 



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"&0 wl^erc il)Q lakes, tl?c cl^icf of all bcltgt^ts, 

2.ntI6=stt)cpt by wxnbs witf? I^caling on tl^etr things, 
Clear mirror in ttjeir bzptl}s tl?e pine=cla6 l?etgljts 
Clnb lull tlje senses by tf^etr murmurings." 



A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 




SHORT SCORE OF YEARS AGO but a few 
hundred travelers in each summer had visited 
one spot in Northern Michigan — Mackinac 
Island. Such had found that beautiful isle so 
delightful a resort they were regular annual 
viskors. Since those days, so great has 
become the tide of travel of summer visitors 
in Northern Michigan, during 1890 nearly or 
quite one hundred thousand found renewed 
health and strength among the beautiful 
lakes, and from the health-giving breezes of 
'the most delightful resort region in all 
America. Such know the way and will return 
year after year, for to them no other land 
presents so many and such varied attractions. 
Others, however, who have yet in store the 
pleasure of such a visit, will find in the accom- 
panying maps of the upper portion of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan, 
and the adjacent shores of the Upper Peninsula, information that will make 
plain the wa,y to all who are seekmg coolness, comfort and cheerful com- 
pany for their coming summer's tour. 

The first of these maps or views, it will be observed, gives Mackinac 
Island on its southern boundary, includes the famous Sault Ste. Marie, 
White Fish Bay and other adjacent regions of the Upper Peninsula, 
together with the Cheneaux Islands, St. Ignace and Bois Blanc Island. 
The map, which is drawn to a scale, includes all the different streams, and 
lakes, and wagon roads, as well as the railroads, and furnishes complete, 
accurate and valuable information for any tourist who shall include North- 
ern Michigan in his route for his summer outing. 



2 A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 

The second of these maps gives the northern part of the Lower 
Peninsula, from Petoskey on the south to Mackinac Island on the north, 
including Little Traverse Bay, the celebrated Inland Route and the 
neighboring hamlets and resorts of which Petoskey is the natural center. 

The third of these maps includes the remainder of the resort region of 
Northern Michigan proper, from Kalkaska and Traverse City on the south, 
to Charlevoix and Petoskey on the north. In this region is the celebrated 
Grand Traverse Bay country, with its almost innumerable lakes, trout 
streams and islands, its old, settled country, its wildernesses, its fruit farms 
and virgin forests. 

From Traverse City to Mackinac, more than one hundred miles whether 
by rail or by water, is an almost constant succession of summer resorts, 
association grounds, with hundreds of cottages, with commodious hotel 
accommodations, with every variety of summer amusement afforded at 
modern watering-places. The general popularity of this entire region is 
attested by the many thousands, who, during the past years, have visited 
this country. A number of new resorts have been established by associa- 
tions of Michigan citizens, or from other adjacent states. Several of these 
new associations have such broad liberality of constitutions and by-laws, as 
permit them to welcome good people from everywhere at their resorts 
upon payment of a nominal fee, which entitles members to cottage sites 
upon the resort grounds. Of course it is expected that such will do as their 
neighbors have done, and are doing — build summer homes upon these 
sites. 

Notable among these new associations were two formed by residents of 
Chicago; a third known as the " Universalists' Resort Association of Mich- 
igan," and the fourth the " Traverse PoiSit Association," which might be 
termed " A Business Men's Summer Home." 

Although, as already intimated, there are almost scores of these resorts, 
which appear in the following pages, there are still many admirable points 
for location by similar organizations, and upon the principal of the old 
adage, " the more, the merrier," those who are seeking such possibilities 
will find it a decided advantage to locate in the midst of so many genial 
neighbors. 

It is proper to add. in this connection, that the cost of a summer home, 
whether a "log-cabin" or a " Newport villa," erected at any point in North- 
ern Michigan, is probably lower than at any other resort in the United 
States; for this is the region of building material, and competent mechanics 
can be obtained at a day's notice from various points in Michigan, Chicago, 
Milwaukee, or other large and near cities. 

Another important fact, worthy the attention of those considering the 
building of such summer homes, is that admirable markets are at their 
very doors, so reducing the cost of living, though it include "all the delica- 
cies of the season," as to make the figures scarcely more than the expense 
of staying at home. 

The foregoing facts doubtless have had great influence in determining 
the choice of so many hundreds, who have already selected Northern 
Michigan for their summer sojourn. There are now in the region included 
in these three maps, between two and three thousand such summer 



A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 3 

cottages, of which probably three hundred have been erected during the 
past year; and more than as many more have been planned to be built 
during the year i8qi. 

If the old adage about "the proof of the pudding" is of any value, this 
overwhelming testimony in favor of Northern Michigan, will rnake good 
the prognostication of a Chicago citizen, who prophecied that " within a few 
years more resorters will be found, every summer, on the shores of Lake 
Michigan and the inland waters of its eastern coast, than in any other like 
territory in the United States." 

A resort located anywhere in the country included in these maps, will, 
be easily accessible by water as well as by rail. Frequent service by fast, 
safe steamboats, is now provided upon nearly all of the inland waters, as 
well as upon the main lakes and the large bays of the entire region under 
consideration. To the casual visitor seeking variety, this accessibility of 
so many different resorts is a matter of no small moment. 




GRAND HOTEL, MACKINAC ISLAND. 



WHITE FISH J|. 

(South Part of Lake Saperiorj 




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Mackinac Island and Neighboring Re 




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Copurifllif, 1891. hii C.L.LockwoocI ■ 



\i\ fs— Grand Rapids & Indiana Railroad 




MACKINAC ISLAND. 



ACKINAC ISLAND, fanned by the breezes and 

laved by the waters of the three greatest lakes 

of America — Superior, Michigan and Huron — 

has the most equable, exhilarating and delightful 

'5ummer chmate of any spot in the north temperate zone. 

^ The island, situated at the confluence of the great lakes 

^^named, is about nine miles in circumference, containing a 

little less than three thousand acres. Of this area one 

I imim ifiiiiiiiimir liundrcd and three acres are used for a military reserva- 

^^^^^^ tion, somewhat more is private property, and the remain- 
der the United States, with a proper appreciation of its 
many attractions, has reserved for a National Park. The Wonderful 
Island, surrounded by the blue-green waters which separate the two pen- 
insulas composing the State of Michigan, has all the beauties and advan- 
tages of an ideal summer resort. This has been known for centuries, for 
the aboriginal inhabitants of the Peninsular State, and indeed the entire 
West, regarded the island as the especial home of the "Great Spirit." It 
was as near an approximation to heaven as the Indian had ever realized. 
So imagery and metaphor have been exhausted in the vain attempt to 
describe its glories. It has been named " The Wonderful Isle," " The 
Queen of Enchantment," " The Tourists' Paradise," " Gem of the Straits," 
"The Fairy Isle" — indeed, it has almost as many pet names as it has had 
visitors, and their number is legion. 

The island, at its highest point, rises some three hundred feet above 
the waters of the Straits of Mackinac, hence, to craft passing through that 
" Gateway of the West," it is one of the most conspicuous objects in the 
horizon for a long distance. Indeed, it may be properly termed " Nature's 
Statue of Liberty," watching the wealth and products of the great North- 
west as they pass on their way to the sea-coast, for our own people or for 
other nations. 

The Wonderful Isle has watched the procession of ages, and from the 
Indian dug-out filled with dusky warriors, or the daring Voyageurs, down 
to the present, with its palatial steam craft, sailing craft, summer yachts and 
row-boats, it has witnessed a never-ending procession, typifying the spirit 
of progress and the growth and achievements of the nation. Its beauties 
were familiar to white men long before the Puritans had landed at 
Plymouth Rock, or the old cavaliers had attempted a settlement as the 
"first families of Virginia." The old French navigators seeking an oppor- 
tunity to Christianize the Indians, Fathers Marquette, Hennepin, Nicollet 
and La Salle and their brave followers had visited this favored spot and 



A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 7 

rapturously described its beauties in their diaries and letters to friends in 
the Old World, so that besides its romance and its delights as a summer 
resort it has almost incalculable interest for its historical associations. 
More than a century ago it was considered an important strategic point, 
and to-day has an old fort on a rocky plateau above the town, where is kept 
continuously a small garrison of United States troops. One of the chief 
attractions of the old fort are its old block-houses, pierced with port-holes, 
striking remnants of the ancient defences against either the red men or 
their white allies. 

On the island are almost numberless points of interest. Those whose 
names are familiar through recent fiction, or through the relation of their 
experiences by thousands of tourists, are "Arch Rock," "Robinson's Folly," 
" Lovers' Leap," " Fort Holmes," " British Landing," " Scott's Cave," " Old 
Fort," " Devil's Kitchen," " Chimney Rock," "Sugar Loaf," " The Old Mis- 
sion House" and " Pontiac's Lookout." 

Marian Harland, the celebrated authoress, whose name is a household 
word wherever the English language is spoken and read, terming this 
"The Pearl and Princess of Islands," thus writes of it from the island 
which she visited for some time during the season of 1890: 

"The finest inland water view upon the continent is from the balcony overlooking the 
noble veranda of the Grand Hotel on Mackinac Island. Below the hotel terrace, a grove of 
arbor-vitae and balsam firs divide drive and tennis courts from the Strait. Beyond this the 
waterway from Huron on the left to Lake Michigan on the right, a dark-blue, imdulating 
line marked other islands and the mainland. For the rest, the land-locked seas had all the 
lower world to themselves. From eastern to western horizon they roll, an expanse of varying 
glory, but always sublime, day unto day uttering and hinting prodigality and reserves of 
beauty inconceivable by those who have never looked upon the divine panorama, undescrib- 
able by the tongue or pen of those whose eyes have feasted upon the sight. From height 
above height, robed in fir and cedar, poured down the Elixir of Life, filling lungs to their 
depths and hurrying the reddening pulses until the recreated wanderers from the lowlands 
walked as upon air, and in spirit heard the recall to youth, strength and hopeful endeavor." 

Mrs. Margaret E. Sangster, the talented editor of Harpe7^'s Bazaar, 
who also visited the island at the same time with Mrs. Harland, adds her 
comment in the following eloquent but not extravagant terms : 

"One finds in combination at Mackinac Island the several advantages of pure, exhilarat- 
ing air, a magnificent view, and a charming variety of walks and drives. For those who 
desire the diversions of the water, boating, bathing and fishing offer unusual facilities, while 
to the student of American history, or of current literature, the old legends and quaint 
romance of the still primitive island afford occasions for enjoyment. Our stay, which was all 
too brief, was at the Grand Hotel, a hostelry pleasingly situated, and replete with everything 
for the entertainment of the summer tourist. Once visited, Mackinac is sure of being remem- 
bered, and included among the places to which the loiterer in sunny regions would fain 
return another season." 

The medical fraternity of the entire country, relying upon statistics, or 
upon personal experience, are agreed that Mackinac is pre-eminent in 
possessing the cool, dry, bracing air necessary for the recuperation of the 
exhausted, or the curing of the invalid. 

The hotel accommodations on the island are now all that could be 
desired. The celebrated Grand Hotel, which usually is open about the 
20th of June, is located on a bluff at the western side of the island, some 
two hundred feet above the lake, overlooking the Straits and the enormous 
commerce passing through them. It is six hundred and fifty feet in 
length, four stories high and has every comfort the summer tourist could 
desire. Other good hotels are the John Jacob Astor House, named in honor 



A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 9 

of the founder of the Michigan Fur Company, who for many years had one 
of his most important posts on the island; the Island House, the Old Mis- 
sion House, the New Mackinac, the New Murray, Lake View, Palmer 
House, Grand Central, etc. 

All of the resorts and other manifold attractions in Northern Michigan 
are easily accessible from the island. Commodious, powerful steam 
ferries run in connection with all the trains of the Grand Rapids & Indiana 
Railroad, to and from Mackinaw City, between the island and St. Ignace. 

In addition, Bois Blanc Island, Skilligalee Light, Point St. Helena 
Light, Les Cheneaux, Spectacle Reef Light, St. Ignace, The Soo, and other 
points in the Upper Peninsula may be reached every day, and some of 
them nearly every hour, daily, during the entire resort season. Of Spec- 
tacle Reef Light, which is one of the "lions " of the region, it may be said 
that it is the finest on the entire system of the Great Lakes and has but one 
equal in America. 

A short five miles northwest of the island is St. Ignace, one of the 
oldest towns in the northwest, having been first settled in 167 1. It is in 
plain sight across the Straits. It is the connecting point of the Duluth, 
South Shore & Atlantic Railway with the railroad system of the Lower 
Peninsula. From it all points in the Upper Peninsula are readily reached. 
The Pictured Rocks on Lake Superior, indicated in the topographical map, 
are but a little distance from this line and will well repay a visit, the 
scenery being particularly grand and interesting. 

But one hundred and fifty miles from St. Ignace is Marquette, the 
finest, most important city of the Upper Peninsula, named in honor of 
the famous French discoverer and priest, whose bones now rest in the 
state. Marquette has a commanding site, overlooking Lake Superior, and 
is a justly popular summer resort. Michigan has the largest and most 
famous copper and iron mines in the world. Gold is also found in consid- 
erable quantities within its borders. The chief of these mines are within a 
short distance of Marquette. 

LES CHENEAUX ISLANDS. If Mackinac Island was the home 
of the Indian's "Great Spirit," this archipelago of more than four hundred 
beautiful islands was his fishing-ground. These islands, but from fourteen 
to twenty miles distant from Mackinac Island, on the south coast of the 
Upper Peninsula, in a direct route to the Lake Superior ports, are reached 
from Mackinac by daily steamers. The largest of these islands, Mar- 
quette, contains nearly three thousand acres; the smallest is but a speck 
of a single rock just visible on the surface of the water. The narrow, deep 
channels between this labyrinth of islands literally swarm with Mackinaw 
trout, pickerel, muskallonge, pike, perch and black bass, and are the favorite 
fishing-grounds with every sportsman who has ever visited them. These 
islands are the camping-grounds of several sportsmen's and other clubs, 
and comfortable accommodations are provided on several of them, includ- 
ing boats, bait, guides and other necessaries for tourists' provision. 

UP THE SOO. No one who visits Northern Michigan should fail of 
one of the most delightful excursions which can be taken from Mackinac. 
The large, safe, fine steamers of the Delta Transportation Company make 
daily trips up the Sault Ste. Marie River to the town of the same name. 



10 



A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 



This river, which is sixty-two miles long, is almost entirely shut in by high 
hills, covered by the prevailing forests. It is a succession of beautiful 
straits and broad lakes, combining a panorama of enchanting views, includ- 
ing the many islands mirrored in the clear, rapid river. Many travelers 
prefer the beauties of the Ste. Marie to the Hudson and other historic 
streams. 

The village or city of Sault Ste. Marie is on the west bank of the river 
at the mouth of the famous government ship canal, built for the detour of 
the rapids, for in the short distance of but two miles, the river, carrying the 
overflow of Lake Superior, falls nineteen feet. These rapids are some- 
thing of a terror to the inexperienced visitor, and to shoot them in an 
Indian canoe furnishes an experience never to be forgotten. One of the 
most important government works undertaken in the entire country is the 
building of the new canal and locks at this point. It is proposed to so 
enlarge and deepen the canal as to make it navigable for boats drawing 
twenty feet of water. This is being done at an expense of more than five 
millions of dollars, of which considerably more than a million will be 
expended during the present year. The new lock, which is to be eight 
hundred feet long and one hundred feet wide, built of enormous blocks 
of granite, will be the largest reservoir of its kind on the globe. It sup- 
plants the old lock, itself more than five hundred feet long, but through 
which a greater commerce annually passed than enters the port of London, 
England. This magnificent new lock, together with the many other attrac- 
tions found in this historic old town, makes a visit to the "Soo" of great 
interest. The hotel accommodations are ample and all that can be desired. 
Travelers wishing to return more quickly than by the water route can 
reach Mackinaw City, via St. Ignace, by railroad in about four hours. 




PETOSKEY, 




kHO HAS NOT HEARD OF PETOSKEY? 
This famous summer resort, in considera- 
bly less than a score of years, has already 
achieved a continental reputation, so that 
veteran travelers speak of going up to 
Petoskey as a most natural and inatter- 
of-course experience. It may fairly be 
expected that to the dweller in the New 
World, ere long, the expression, "See 
Naples and die," will be paraphrased by 
the aphorism, " See Petoskey and hve" to 
tell others of your visit. 

Petoskey is situated on the south side 
of Little Traverse Bay, a beautiful sheet 
of water some nine miles wide, which 
indents the coast about six miles. The 
bay is enclosed by table-lands and hills 
that approach the water in a succession 
of terraces, forming a natural amphithea- 
-- tre where Petoskey is situated, giving the 

city a commanding view of the lake, the bay and its surrounding shores 
The town is one of the most important m the State of Michigan, the largest 
and busiest in the northern portion of the state. The advantage which 
every visitor soon realizes is that its prevailing winds are from off Lake 
Michigan, hence alwavs cool, fresh, invigorating and healthful, inese 
breezes too, as at Mackinac Island, absolutely prevent that intolerable 
pest of many watering-places, the mosquito. The breezes, combined with 
waters of crystal purity, with pleasing surroundings happy companions 
busy bright days and refreshing nights, make of this region a natural 
sanitarium. A full, deep inhalation of Petoskey air contains more of cure 
for the tired or sick than all the drugs of the pharmacopoeia. Many who 
speak from experience consider the marvelously pure air certain relief and 
speedy cure for asthma, hay-fever and kindred ailments In tact, a 
National Association of sufferers from hay-fever holds annual conventions 
at Petoskev, and its members urge all who are suffering from that distress- 
ing malady to join them in visiting Petoskey and thus escape its provoking 

Petoskey offers almost endless amusement and recreation for summer 
visitors What with daily excursions, including sailing, boating, dancing, 
bowling, bathing, fishing,' tennis, and gathering agates, a programme ot 




RAND Rapids & Indiana Railroad. 



14 



A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 



pleasures can be made out, tilling the fleeting hours until they pass like a 
midsummer dream. It is the natural center or radiating point from 
which trips by land or by water may be made at almost any time to any 
one of the score of adjoining summer resorts. The Daily Resorter, pub- 
lished during the season, is devoted to the interests of Petoskey and 
Northern Michigan, and of visitors at the various resorts. Better accom- 
modations for guests, in extent and character, cannot well be found. Be- 
sides the well-known Arlington, whose name has become a household word 
and synonvm for comfort and good service among summer tourists, are 
several other hotels, tirst-class in all their appointments. 




ARLINGTON HOTEL, PETOSKEY. 

A favorite occupation for the thousands who visit the shores of Little 
Traverse Bay, is gathering agates. The bed of the lake and bay is com- 
posed of what has been termed agatized coral, and the action of the water 
breaks off fragments which the waves toss upon the shore. A number of 
lapidists make the polishing of these specimens their sole business, for it is 
the universal rule with visitors to take home something of this kind as 
souvenirs for themselves or friends. However, the corals are not the only 
such keepsakes, and excursions into the adjacent forests or to the neighbor- 
ing resorts provide an ample harvest, not only of memories, but of tangible 
objects, to recall the happy days spent during a holiday upon the shores of 
Little Traverse Bay. 



A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 1 5 

BAY VIEW, which has come to be known as the " Chautauqua of the 
West," is situated on the Grand Rapids & Indiana Railroad but a short mile 
north of Petoskey. Its fame and popularity, already great, are increasing 
with every year. It is the property of the iMichigan Camp Ground Associa- 
tion of the Methodist Church, which holds annual meetings on the grounds 
during the months of July and August. However, the grounds and priv- 
ileges are not held for members of this denomination alone; good citizens 
without reference to their denominational connection are welcome. These 
grounds comprise some three hundred and sixty acres of land, in three 
natural terraces rising to a height, on the highest, of some three hundred 
feet. Nearly six hundred cottages nestle in the terraced groves of natural 
trees and the parterres of evergree'ns and flowers, and from every piazza 
may be obtained a view of the beautiful bay, whose cool, refreshing 
breezes afford restful pleasure to those weary of tlie toils, and cares, and 
disappointments, and triumphs of city life. The Association has a large 
good hotel for members and the general public, has provided an ample 
system of water-works and sewers, is laying out good roads and paths, and 
has provided every accessory or necessary for a complete summer home. 
Besides its annual camp-meeting, lasting a week, an Assembly is held here 
every year which is really a congregation of summer schools and is in 
charge of famous leaders, of faculties drawn from the best schools, colleges 
and pulpits in the country. The different departments in these are in 
session three, four or five weeks. They rival in value the celebrated 
Chautauqua Assemblies, and are of untold benefit to all who attend them. 
The members of the Assembly are justly proud of having the finest build- 
ings for a summer school in the West. Further and complete information 
of the Assembly programmes can be obtained by writing for a copy of the 
Assembly Herald, published at Flint, Mich. 

HARBOR SPRINGS. This hamlet, until recently known as Little 
Traverse, in point of antiquity and historical interest is second only to 
Mackinac Island. There can be no doubts, from the fragments of ancient 
pottery and other articles found here, that this part of the coast was an 
important resting-place for the Mound Builders during their annual trips 
from Mexico and the South-land to Lake Superior and its prehistoric cop- 
per mines. The change of name from Little Traverse to its pr nt title of 
Harbor Springs is especially appropriate, for along the water front are 
many springs of the coolest and purest of water, and it has, besides, the best 
natural harbor on the Great Lakes. The town is situated on a second or 
interior harbor, separated from Lake Michigan by a long, narrow peninsula 
projecting into the bay, inclosing a land-locked sheet of water a mile long 
and a half mile in width, affording an especially safe bay for rowing, for 
sailing and other water sports, particularly for amateurs and children. The 
chief "lion" of this resort, which visitors always delight to see, is the old 
church of the Holy Infant^, built as one of the mission churches of the 
Ottawa Indians more than a century ago. This mission was one of those 
founded by Pere Marquette more than two hundred years ago. In connec- 
tion with a visit to the church the tourist should surely see Margaret Boyd, 
an Indian woman of the Ottawa tribe, who is believed to be more than one 
hundred years old, who is one of the few descendants of the famous chiefs 
of that tribe, and who has been one of the most devoted and useful 



l6 A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 

daughters of the church, having translated several religious books into the 
Indian language. She is always glad to see visitors, has many interesting 
or thrilling reminiscences of the past, and can generally provide them 
with souvenirs of her own handiwork. 

HARBOR POINT. On the point or peninsula, just described in con- 
nection with Harbor Springs, is a beautiful resort bearing the above name, 
which nature and art have combined to make peculiarly attractive, homelike 
and healthful. It comprises some fifty acres of land, jutting out between 
the two bays, gradually narrowing to a width of a few rods at the extreme 
point where is situated a light-house. Clusters of cottages, with fanciful and 
bright colored roofs, rise to the summits of the natural terraces, the noble 
background of dark-green cedars, pines and hemlocks throwing out in 
bold relief the dwellings on their slopes. Beyond the point is the bay, ever 
beautiful, " Whate'er its moods may picture," and further to the west the 
eye rests on the broad expanse of Lake Michigan. There is a carefully- 
managed hotel with accommodations for five hundred guests, and in 
addition to the unsurpassed boating and bathing, ample and varied amuse- 
ments are provided. Here, as at all other resorts in this region, the mail, 
railroad, telephone, telegraph and ferry-boat facilities are all that can be 
desired. 

WE-QUE-TON-SING. 

" 'Twas 'We-que-ton-sing-,' when the red man's tongue 
Long years ago its sylvan beauty sung : 
And we, successors to the wood and wave, 
Repeat the word, and while we lounge or lave, 
Thank some old minstrel of the fated race 
For its rare euphony and rustic grace ; 
Its sweet suggestiveness of all that's best 
In calm retirement and refreshing rest. 
A welcome shelter 'neath the looming lee, 
Land-locked and safe against the threat'ning sea. 
This little one within the broader bay, 
(Such is the meaning, as the wise ones say,) 
And this to us who here our sails have furled. 
Is 'We-que-ton-sing,' in the wide, wide world." 

A short mile to the east of Harbor Springs and six miles by rail from 
Bay View, is still another admirable association resort, which bears the 
name the Indians gave the harbor, "We-que-ton-sing" (Harbor of rest, or 
quiet harbor). From this point a beautiful view is obtained of Harbor 
Springs, Harbor Point, Bay View and Petoskey, the open and ever chang- 
ing bay, and beyond, great Lake Michigan stretching away to the horizon, 
with occasional glimpses, on exceptionally clear days, of the Beavers and 
Fox Islands. The two hundred families of cottagers who make it their 
summer home consider We-que-ton-sing the #iost charming spot on the 
bay, and it truly is a paradise for children. That it is growing in favor is 
proved by the many new and elegant summer homes recently erected. It 
has an assembly hall for services and entertainments. It has a large and 
fine hotel with admirable service. The railroad passing through the rear 
of the grounds furnishes hourly trains to and from Petoskey and Harbor 
Springs, and the steam ferries touch at its' piers going both ways. 



A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 



17 



CHARLEVOIX. This town, with a historic name in honor of one of 
the earHest I->ench navigators in this region, is but eighteen miles from 
Petoskey, situated on the high bluffs overlooking Lake Michigan and on 
each side of Pine River, the outlet of Round and Pine Lakes. Several 
steamers ply daily between Petoskey and Charlevoix, affording frequent 
communication over one of the most delightful water trips on the Michigan 

Round Lake, a park-like body of water with some thirty acres of 
surface, lies between the Main Lake, as Lake Michigan is here called, and 
Pine Lake, and upon its shores are situated the popular Chicago and 




VERANDA— GRAND HOTEL, MACKINAC ISLAND. 

Charlevoix resorts. The charms of pure air, pleasing scenery and ample 
recreation, attract many summer visitors beside the cottagers, who are sure 
to find good hotel accommodations, pleasant surroundings and a cordial 
hospitality from genial neighbors. The country inland from Charlevoix 
abounds in numerous streams and lakes, renowned for their fishing. 

Pine Lake, divided in two arms, is twenty miles long, as will be seen 
from the accompanying maps, and at its farthest end receives the Jordan 
River, the most famous trout stream in Michigan. The Boyne, scarcely 
less celebrated, also empties into this lake. Pine and the neighboring 
lakes abound with pike, pickerel, black bass and muskallonge, affording 
thorough sport to those who prefer fishing for them rather than trout. 



i8 



A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 



There is frequent steamer service on both arms of the lake, rendering its- 
various points readily accessible. 

BATHING AT ODEN. Eight miles from Petoskey, upon the banks 
of Crooked Lake, is the little hamlet of Oden, one of the finest camp and 
picnic grounds in the vicinity of Petoskey. Much of this lake, especially 
on the west coast, is shallow, so that the water becomes much warmer 
than in other northern lakes, thus affording an admirable beach for bath- 
ing. 

THE INLAND ROUTE. This furnishes one of the most novel and 
delightful excursions from Petoskey that can be obtained in Northern 
Michigan. Leaving the town of the old Indian name, by rail to Oden, 
thence on one of the Inland Company's steamers through Crooked Lake, 
Crooked River, Burt Lake, Indian River, Mullet Lake and Cheboygan 
River to Cheboygan; thence to Point aux Pins on Bois Blanc Island and 
up Lake Huron and the Straits to Mackinac Island, one can obtain a 
summer day's ride which will always be accounted one of the most charm- 
ing experiences in life. The elegant steamers the " Romeo " and the 
"Juliet," make daily trips on this route during the season. 

Crooked Lake, which is five miles long, furnishes good bass fishing and 
delightful camping-grounds. Crooked River is properly named, for it 
abounds in quick turns and abrupt angles, so that a part of the way tour- 
ists may pick branches from the trees on either side. This stream, seven 
miles long, connects with Burt Lake, which is ten miles long and five wide. 
Passing through this lovely forest-environed lake, Indian River, with its 
tortuous but wider and swifter channel than Crooked River, takes one to 
Mullet Lake, the largest and most important of the inland chain, which is 
twelve miles long and from five to eight miles in width. Its shores present 
a wild ruggedness of outline; it is full of fish, and game is plentiful in its 
borders. 

Point aux Pins' Cottage Resort, reached by these steamers, is on the 
south shore of Bois Blanc Island about opposite Cheboygan on the main- 
land, and consists of many pretty cottages, well-shaded avenues and parks. 
"The Pines," a well-built and modern hotel, furnishes choice accommoda- 
tions for guests on reasonable terms. 




GRAND TRAVERSE BAY, 




EAVING THE MAIN LINE of the Grand Rapids 
(1 Indiana Railroad at Walton Junction, a short 
ride of but twenty-six miles on the Traverse City 
Branch takes one to TRAVERSE CITY, a 
beautiful town of about 6,000 population at 
the head of the famed Grand Traverse Bay, 
which Charlevoix so accurately named "La 
Belle Baie" more than two centuries ago. 
The view afforded from the train, as the city 
is approached, of the wide expanse of blue 
water with forest-covered hills, and the shores 
stretching. out to the far horizon line upon the 
north, forms a picture the passenger never 
will forget. The inevitable exclamations of 
admiration and delight will be intensified, 
however, upon a nearer and more intimate 
acquaintance with the bright, clean, prosperous 
^3 hamlet of Traverse City. It has the cnarms of a 

' long-settled, thrifty, well-governed community, possess- 
ing a considerable commerce and manufactures, together with the advan- 
tages of pure, cool air, and an unusually hospitable, intelligent population, 
who ever give a cordial welcome to all strangers within their gates. It 
has an exceptionally good hotel among several with excellent reputations. 
It is surrounded on either side with remarkably fine wagon roads and rich, 
fine fruit farms, whose products are famed throughout the entire country. 
Connected with all resorts on Grand Traverse Bay by several daily lines 
of steam craft, it is not strange that resorters find much to interest and 
please them in Traverse City. 

Seven miles southwest of Traverse City, a party of Chicago people 
have established a charming resort on the banks of Long Lake, known as 
"Forest Lodge." This resort is a very exclusive one; those who join the 
associq,tion binding themselves to erect a log cabin and board at a common 
mess-house maintained by the assoriation. 

Carp Lake extends from north to south, almost the entire length of 
Leelanaw County, the land which borders Grand Traverse Bay on the west, 
lying between it and Lake Michigan. It is twenty miles in length and 
averages about three in width. Its nearest point from Traverse City is 
about seven miles. It is one of the finest nshing-grounds in Northern 
Michigan for bass, pickerel and muskallonge. Its admirers say that it is 
the one place where fisherman's luck never fails, and a day on Carp Lake 
is always set down as a " red-letter day " in the fisherman's diary. 



ir 



Grand Rapids & Indiana R, R. 
State and County Wagon Roads. 



..Steamer Lines. 

* Light Houses . 

IMO 1 2 3 4 5 



G 7 8 9 10 MUe3 



SCALE OF MILES 



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u 



Light Hoi PI 




1 46 I PooU-^Brus., Elt.jr 



,r Chicaa-0 RcsoV/ ,^^'i3''^( / \s„< 




I t^^lliainsbuigj^ j 



i(1 -Grand Rapids &. Indiana Railroad. 



22 A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 

Near the head of the lake is Fountain Point, or Provemont, a resort 
founded by Cincinnati people about three years ago. One of the attractions 
is a flowing well, which was sunk by an eccentric French nobleman a 
quarter of a century ago, who was in quest of oil. The Fountain Point 
Hotel is a commodious structure and is deservedly well patronized. 

Two and one-half miles north of Traverse City, on the narrow strip of 
land lying between Traverse Bay and Cedar Lake, is Traverse Beach, a 
resort founded in i8go by Baptists of Chicago. It occupies over one 
hundred acres of land, partially covered by a virgin forest of hemlock, 
cedar, and hardwood. A very large and well conducted hotel is one of the 
attractions of this resort. 

Twenty miles north of Traverse City is Omena, formerly known as 
New Mission. This celebrated resort comprises six hundred acres of high 
and rolling ground overlooking the country and bay for miles about, 
abounding in beautiful walks and well-kept drives. The hotel at this 
resort is large and commodious, its capacity having been nearly doubled 
since the close of the season of i8go. 

Three miles northeast of Traverse City, situated on the famous 
Traverse, or Mission Peninsula, is " Edgewood," formerly known as 
"Lathrop's," where cheerful cottages and a splendidly kept hotel attract 
summer visitors until late in the autumn. 

Sevcji miles further north, at the end of the narrow point of land 
running out into the bay and forming the charming body of water known 
as Bowers' Harbor, is Traverse Point, which was opened to the public in 
the spring of 1890, and has had a somewhat remarkable growth. The 
location is a natural one for a resort, as water surrounds three sides of the 
point. A hotel and numerous cottages were built last season. 

One mile from Traverse Point, situated at the northern extremity of 
the beautiful Marion Island, is a little island known as " No Man's Land," 
so called because it has never been meandered •by the United States 
government, but is inhabited by Dick Bassett, a solitary fisherman, who 
possesses a national reputation as the " Hermit of Traverse Bay." 

Adjoining Traverse Point on the north, is Ne-ah-ta-Wanta, the state 
resort of the Universalists of Michigan, which was started in 1889, opened 
to the pubUc in 1890, and already takes rank with resorts much older in 
years. Much money has been expended in fitting the grounds, and a 
commodious hotel surmounts the highest point on the resort. 

On the east side of the famous Traverse Peninsula, some six miles 
north of the Traverse Point and Ne-ah-ta-Wanta, is Old Mission, one of 
the oldest resorts in the state, having been popular with summer visitors 
for more than thirty years. Two commodious boarding-houses and several 
cottages furnish ample accommodations here. 

South and east from Old Mission, across the bay, here known as the 
"East Arm," is Elk Rapids, a thriving town of fifteen hundred people, 
where is located a mammoth blast furnace and the largest wood alcohol 
works in the world. Good fishing may be found within a short distance 
from this town, and most delightful canoe or steamboat trips can be taken 
through Elk, Round, Torch and Intermediate Lakes, which are connected 
by streams of rare beauty. The location of all these waters is accurately 
given in the accompanying maps. 



A LAND OF SUMMER HOMES. 23 

HEALTH IS HAPPINESS. This entire region of Michigan, from 
Traverse Citv to Mackinac Island, is a grand sanitarium for sufferers from 
malaria, hay-fever, and the aihiients following exhausting labor or confine- 
ment in crowded cities. A trip to and visit at any one, or all of these 
resorts, will afford more of satisfaction and practical benefit than any 
doctor's doses. The health-giving air, laden with piny odors, is both heal- 
ing and exhilarating for the tired brain and overworked muscle. The first 
sentiment on reaching this enchanting region is perfect repose of mind 
and body, " Rest." The curative effect of the pure, bright atmosphere, and 
brilliant sunlight, is felt at once, and soon one's ailments and anxieties are 
a thing of the past. Do you think the picture overdrawn? Come, see and 
prove it for yourself. 

"THE FISHING LINE." It may seem that in the foregoing pages 
much has been said about fish and fishing, but the actual facts would 
warrant even more. This portion of Michigan is the rival of the cele- 
brated lakes of Maine, in the abundance and variety of fish its waters con- 
tain, and thousands of travelers have conceded the appropriateness of the 
name given the Grand Rapids -& Indiana Railroad, "The Fishing Line." 
The gamy, shy, speckled trout, the celebrated grayling, not found else- 
where save in one other stream in North America, black bass, muskallonge. 
pickerel and perch, and many other varieties, are to be found in nearly all 
the waters. For many years yet this whole northern end of the Southern 
Peninsula, as well as the adjacent land of the Upper Peninsula, will be one 
of the finest as well as one of the most accessible game preserves in the 
United States, and winter sportsmen enjoy a few weeks as thoroughly in 
these forests as the ardent angler and the summer sojourner during the 
heated season Bear, deer and similar game are plentiful in all of the 
region above described, while water-fowl abound in the many lakes and 
streams. It is as truly the happy hunting-grounds, and " Land of Fin, Fur 
and Feather" as it is the summer tourists' paradise. 

HOW TO REACH IT. The map of the Grand Rapids & Indiana 
Railroad and its connections on the back cover, the topographical and 
other maps herewith given, afford ample instruction as to the best route for 
reaching this incomparable country. In the summer season the tourist can 
take through buffet sleeping cars, without change, from the Pennsylvania 
station, Cincinnati, to Mackinaw City, the journey being made in but twenty 
hours. From Chicago and Detroit, through sleeping cars are run to Mack- 
inaw via the Michigan Central and the Grand Rapids & Indiana Railroads. 
As every east and west thoroughfare north of the Ohio River crosses the 
Grand Rapids & Indiana, close connections and unrivaled accommoda- 
tions are furnished tourists or resorters from every section of the country. 
Folders giving full information as to time schedules, sleeping and parlor 
car arrangements, will be mailed to all desiring them upon application to 
General Passenger Agent, G. R. & I. R. R., Grand Rapids, Mich. 



LIST OF HOTELS AT THE VARIOUS RESORTS 
ON THE LINE OF THE GRAND RAPIDS & INDIANA RAILROAD. 

SHOWING LOCATION, TERMS, CAPACITY, ETC. 



Name of Hotel. 


Where Located. 


Proprietor or 
Manager. 


u . 

< >• 
%^ 
u 


per day 


per week 




Mackinac Island, Mich. .. 
Mackinac Island, Mich. .. 
Mackinac Island, Mich . . . 
Mackinac Island, Mich. . . 
Mackinac Island, Mich. .. 
Mackinac Island, Mich. .. 
Mackinac Island, Mich... 
Mackinac Island, Mich. . . 
Mackinac Island, Mich... 
Mackinac Island, Mich. .. 


J. R. Hayes i 

1 F Cable . 


1000 

400 

1.50 

3(H) 

200 

200 

50 

100 

.50 

100 

300 

100 

20 

'- 75 

75 

20 

50 

300 

150 

75 

50 

80 

50 

50 

50 

"20 

50 

100 

100 

"56 


3.00-5.00 
2.00-3.00 

3.00 

3.00 
2.00-3.00 

2.00 
2.00-3.00 

2.00 

1.00 

2.00 

2.00 

1.50 

1.50 

2.25 

2.00 

1.00 

1.50 

3.00 

2.00 

2.00 
1.00-1.. 50 
1.00-1.50 
1.00-1.50 

1.50 

2.00 

1.00 

1.00 

2.00 

2.00 

1.00 
1.50-2.00 

1.00 
1.50-2.00 

1.50 
2. 00-2.. 50 

1.50 

1.00 

1.00 
1.00-1.25 
1.00-1.25 

2.00 

1.00 

1.00 

2.50 

2.00 

2.00 

2.00 
2.00-2.50 

2.00 

1.25 

1.00 
2.00-2.50 

3.00 

2.00 
2.00-4.00 
2.00-3.00 
1.50-2.00 
1.50-2.00 
2.50-3.00 
2.00-2.50 
2.. 50-3. 00 
2.50-3.00 

2.00 




Astor House 


12 00-21 00 




Mrs. H. Van Allen... 
Mrs. E. A. Franks... 

F. R. Emerick 

D. Murray 


14 00 17 50 




15 00 


The New Mackinac 

The New Murray 


SPECIAL 
12 00 


Lake View 


C. C. Cable 




Palmer House 


Jollie &Bird. 












C. J. Louisignaw 

E. Sherwood. 


10 00 




7 00 10 00 










St. Ignace, Mich. 


W. M.Campbell 

B. Schermerhorn 

Mrs. V. C. Mercier... 
Mrs. Walters 




The Wentworth 


Mackinaw City, Mich 

Mackinaw City, Mich 

Mackinaw City, Mich 

Mackinaw City, Mich 

Petoskey, Mich 






10 00 




4.00 




D.Smith &Son 

J. R. Hayes 


8.00 




Petoskey, Mich 


Cushman & Judson.. 

G. B. Sumner 

J. A. C. Rowan 


14.00 


Occidental Hotel 


Petoskey, Mich 


10.00-14.00 




Petoskey, Mich 


7.00-10.00 




Petoskey, Mich 


5.00- 7.00 


Exchange Hotel 

Pacific Hotel 


Petoskey, Mich 


L. A. Labodie 


5.00- 7.00 


Petoskey Mich 


5.00- 7.00 






C. Van Leuven 


10.00 


Park Hotel 




4.00- 6.00 


Bay Shore Hotel 


Petoskey, Mich 


L. A. Curtis 


5.00- 7.00 


Bay View House 


Bay View, Mich 


G. W. Childs 


7.00-12.00 


Howard House 

Boyne Falls Hotel 


Bay View, Mich 

Boyne Falls, Mich 

Boyne City, Mich 


J. W. Howard 

G. C. Thompson 

R.R.Perkins 

A. J. Hall 


7.00-12.00 

5.00 
3.50- 5.00 


Pine Lake Hotel 




4.00 


United States Hotel 


Boyne City, Mich 


Jos. A. Faulk 

C. J. Mizer 


75 


3.50- 5.00 




Bear Lake. Mich 




Park Place Hotel 

Occidental Hotel 


Traverse City, Mich 

Traverse City, Mich 

Traverse City, Mich 

Traverse City, Mich 

Traverse City, Mich 

Traverse City, Mich 

Elk Rapids, Mich 

Elk Rapids, Mich 

Old Mission, Mich 


W. O. Holden 

J. R. Gowdy 


250 

60 

35 

50 

30 

50 

75 

30 

15 

r200 

50 

75 

.50 

200 

60 

40 

25 

200 

100 

75 

150 

75 

100 

50 

200 

125 

125 

100 


12.00.14.00 
7 00 


Central Hotel 


Jas. F. Powers 

T. G. Shilson 

Root Ganes 


3 50 


Boardman River Hotel . . 
National Hotel 


4.00- 5.00 
4 00 


Front Street Hotel 


4 00- 4 50 


Lake View House 




10 00 


Hughes House 


E. W. Bement 

George Hedden 


4 00- 5 00 




6 00 


The Leelanau 


10.00 


Fountain Point Hotel. .. 




L. N. Fowler 

O. H. Ball 


special 


Fountain City House.... 




10.00-14.00 


Bridge Street House 

The Kensington 

Commercial lAtel 

The Globe 








Harbor Springs, Mich 

Harbor Springs, Mich — 

Harbor Springs, Mich 

Harbor Springs, Mich 

Harbor Point, Mich 

LesCheneaux Isl., Mich.. 
LesCheneaux Isl., Mich.. 
Marquette, Mich 


A. A. Bleazby 

Jno. Brovvnell 

G. O. Rubardson 


10.00-16.00 
12.00 
5.00 




5 00 


Point Hotel 


W. H. Dewey 

R. Fickling 


12.00-14.00 


The Elliott 




Muscallonge House 

The Marquette 








10.50-24.50 


New Clifton 


W. H. Volk 


14.00-21.00 






J. B. Taylor 


8.00-10.00 


The Brunswick 










Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. .. 
Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. .. 
Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. .. 
Sault .Ste. Marie, Mich. .. 
Point .A.UX Pins, Mich 






Chippewa Hotel 


H. P.Smith 


10.00-12.00 


Exchange Hotel 

Hotel Perry 


F. B. Atwood 

C. B.Jones 






The Pines 


10.00-12.00 



Wi. 



Baraga \(f(r''^^X , ~"~~-^ 



^'^'^^ INDIANA R. R. 



AND CONNECTIONS. 




=!TIES DESIRINGFURTHER INFORMATION PLEASE ADDRESS C. U. LOCKWOOD, GeNL PASSENGER AGENT. GRAND RAPIDS, MiCH. 







■**^''-5&S©*^ 



^\ 



;^SS^ 



■■^^^^s^^fe^^^^ 




LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

III III! Hi 



III! II I ii.iii n I Miiiii Hill' 

016 099 081 8